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Full text of "Where to educate, 1898-1899; a guide to the best private schools, higher institutions of learning, etc., in the United States"

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173 



HERE, 

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REESE LIBRARY 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 
S No'. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE 




Educator and First President of Antioch College, Ohio. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE 



1898-1899 



A GUIDE TO THE BEST PRIVATE SCHOOLS, 

HIGHER INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING, 

ETC. IN THE UNITED STATES 



EDITED BY 

GRACE POWERS THOMAS 




BOSTON 
BROWN AND COMPANY 

378 BOYLSTON STREET 



REESE 

Copyright, 1898, by 
BROWN AND COMPANY, PUBLISHERS 



Colonial 

Electrotyped and Printed by C. H. Simonds & Co. 
Boston, U.S.A. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

EDITOR'S NOTE .... ix 

THE PRIVATE SCHOOL . xi 

BY ARTHUR OILMAN, Principal of the Cambridge School, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL . . xv 

BY FREDERIC LAWRENCE KNOWLES, author of "Practical 
Hints to Young Writers" etc. 

SKETCHES OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS, HIGHER INSTITUTIONS 

OF LEARNING . i 

INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS . . . . . .381 

ADVERTISEMENTS . ...... 383 



99759 



TO THE READER. 

OUR title-page partially states our mission. So far as we know 
the private schools of the United States support no distinctive 
publication, and if this book opens the way towards a legitimate 
periodical it will have accomplished another part of our mission. 
That there is a field for " Where to Educate," has been proved 
by the many letters of commendation which have reached us from 
all parts of the country since its proposal. 

Money, time, and patience may be lavishly used in the prepara- 
tion of a work of this character, but it is nearly, if not quite, 
impossible to make the first edition complete and accurate. We 
offer, therefore, no apology for errors and omissions. We have 
earnestly endeavored to reach by mail every educational institu- 
tion of private or semi-private character in the country, and as 
far as possible, from all available information, we have treated 
each impartially, according to its reported standing. The schools 
and colleges will be found ready and willing to supply catalogue's 
to those who need more detailed information than is herein given. 

To the private schools primarily we direct the service of this 
work, hoping that the favor with which it is received will place 
it upon a permanent footing, and justify periodical editions. By 
request the first revision will be published in the spring of 1899. 

We invite criticism, especially corrections and additions, for in 
no other way can "Where to Educate" be made to attain that 
point of perfection which we wish it to reach. To those who 
have so promptly and generously given us the aid necessary to 
the success of our publication we extend our thanks. 

EDITOR. 

December, 1898. 



THE PRIVATE SCHOOL. 

AMONG the interesting phenomena presented by American 
civilization none is more marked than the generosity, not to say 
the eagerness, with which large sums of money are lavished for 
the education of the young. After the State has founded its 
public schools, and has housed them in 'buildings that may 
properly be called palatial, the people are not satisfied, but they 
continue to pour out their funds for the purpose of complement- 
ing these institutions, with still greater elegance and splendor, in 
private establishments. 

In the beginning most of the public school systems possessed 
the traits that are now usually found only in the private school.- 
In those days the communities were homogeneous, the numbers 
small, and parents were satisfied with the public establishments 
for the instruction of their children. Even then, however, as 
in Boston, private provision was sometimes first made for the 
education of the girls and boys. When, however, numbers 
increased in the public institutions, and when the homogeneity 
of the community was lost, when youth, born under different 
nationalities and holding different views of life, thronged into the 
schoolhouse, many parents felt a disposition to place their children 
in smaller groups, and to give them more particular attention. 
Thus the private school grew up, and became a prominent feature 
in the educational world. 

The importance of the private school interest is hardly appreci- 
ated by the public. When it is contemplated in its entirety, one 
is involuntarily led to inquire more minutely into the reasons for 
its existence. Why, when the acknowledged progress of the 
public school towards perfection in system and performance is so 
great and so persistent, should the private school also be increas- 
ing in numbers, in adaptation to the demands laid upon it, and 
in elaboration in organization ? The public schools have their 
periodicals by the score, all of them aiming to aid the teachers 
and the committees that have them in charge. The private 
schools have no organ, and seldom is it possible for any but the 
special investigator to appreciate their great extent and elevated 
character. 

It has been said that private schools are the experiment stations, 



THE PRIVATE SCHOOL. 

where the good methods that are to be followed in public institu- 
tions are put to the test, and that, from the nature of the case, 
they are always in advance of public opinion expressed by 
committees who manage the free schools provided for from the 
tax levy. Institutions established by vote of majorities can hardly 
be expected to mark the highest progress, they rather show the 
average aspirations of a community. The position of the public 
schools of America is an indication of the high intellectual level 
of the people, while the lavishness with which provision is made 
for private education shows that there are many in the community 
who seek something better. Why, otherwise, should we see Jacob 
Abbott giving his days and nights to the celebrated boys' school 
in New York with which his name will always be associated ? 
Why should his brother Gorham do the same thing for girls in 
the Spingler Institute ? Why should the historian Bancroft found 
and carry on the famous Round Hill School at Northampton ? 
Why should a Charlier build up his great school for boys, or a 
Brearley, fresh from his educational experience in England, 
return to New York to found the school for girls which bears his 
name and remains his monument ? In Boston we find the seer, 
Alcott, elaborating his ideas of pedagogy in the school which, in 
the pages of his " Story of a School," will always be an inspira- 
tion and an example. Over the river, in Cambridge, that great 
teacher of teachers, Agassiz, founded and took personal charge 
of a school for girls, which will probably never be excelled in the 
brilliancy of its body of instructors nor in the loyalty of its pupils. 
In California there is a Reid, once the president of her univer- 
sity, now at the head of the Belmont School, which he founded, 
and to which he is giving the ripe experience of his fruitful life. 
The name Porter is no more famous and no more respected 
because it stands for the head of Yale University than it is 
because the sister of that reverend president has for years con- 
trolled the fortunes of a school for girls that has its grateful 
graduates in all quarters of the land. The fact that a Shattuck 
founded and nourished St. Paul's School in New Hampshire, 
and St. Mary's School in Minnesota, is one to be taken into 
account when we write up the story of American education. 
Time would fail to tell of the Groton School, the Lawrenceville 
School, of Monticello Seminary in Illinois, of Bradford Academy 
in Massachusetts, of Asheville College in North Carolina, of the 
Emma Willard School in Troy, and yet these are but a very small 
number among hundreds of institutions that might be mentioned 
which represent intense devotion to the higher interests of the 
young, and of lives that are beacon-lights in the history of 
American education. They are facts that must be encountered 
and accounted for. 



THE PRIVATE SCHOOL 

When the editor of Harpers Magazine was writing on the 
subject of the " Multiplication of Private Schools of High Order," 
he remarked that "this movement is not accounted for by an 
undemocratic reluctance to submit well-bred children to the 
associations of the popular schools, but by the failure of those 
methods to give the sort of intellectual and moral training desired, 
that is, the sort of training that raises the ideal of life." He 
then goes on to say that what is wanted is " an institution under 
individual management," not for mere experiments, but for de- 
velopment founded upon experience, and suited to the capacities 
and dispositions of the pupils. Can this be had in the public 
school? Of course, the "individual management" is not to be 
had in a school directed by a committee and a superintendent, 
with a head-master and sub-masters in various gradations below. 
Neither can the individual capacities be provided for and the 
needs of the great variety of pupils be met in an institution in 
which each teacher has under his care large numbers of pupils. 
That the public schools earnestly endeavor to meet such require- 
ments is not denied, but to meet them demands a greater expendi- 
ture of money than the tax-gatherer can collect, without rousing 
a fatal antagonism to the public school. If there are from thirty 
to sixty pupils under a single teacher, there cannot possibly be 
that adaptation of means to ends that is easy in a school where 
the numbers are small. The difference is between a cost per 
pupil of twenty or even fifty dollars in the public school, and the 
charges of private schools of from one hundred to three hundred 
or even five hundred dollars each. 

These are but a very few out of the many reasons why private 
schools exist in every community. A public school superintendent, 
writing in the Atlantic for November, 1898, involuntarily gives 
others. Taste and principle both unite to lead one parent to 
seek for his children advantages that may be but faintly appreci- 
ated by another. One private school differs from another in 
scope and processes, but every one has for its object, even if it 
be a mere money-making establishment, the supply of a demand 
for specially desirable instruction and nurture which it is supposed 
that the public institutions do not provide. The man who from 
necessity, wears a ready-made coat goes to the tailor and is 
measured for one specially adapted to his form as soon as his 
means permit him to do so. 

ARTHUR OILMAN. 

Cambridge, December, 1898. 



Xlll 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

ONE principle underlies all teaching methods however diverse. 
If the pupil is to do good work, his interest in his task must be 
won and held. In other words, a student's education in any worthy 
sense is derived only from what he loves. 

Starting from this proposition, I offer, in compliance with the 
request of the editor, a few suggestions on the subject, " How 
English May be Taught in the Secondary School." I am en- 
couraged to do so since recent examination of catalogues from 
all parts of the country reveals the fact that English work 
has been given within a few years so large a degree of promi- 
nence in secondary schools that it may almost be called their 
most distinctive feature. If I succeed at all, I shall be able to 
suggest broader bearings of the subject than are indicated in Eng- 
lish work only. If principles of teaching succeed in one depart- 
ment of school work, they may be, with necessary adaptation, 
applied to any other. 

The study of English is sharply divided into two divisions : 
The history and criticism of English literature, and the study and 
practice of English composition. These divisions, while closely 
related, are as individual as the history of painting and the actual 
practice of the painter's art. 

The question, " How to Teach English Literature," is not es- 
sentially different from the question, how to teach anything. 
Teaching is less a matter of information than of inspiration. But 
while a good teacher is born, he is also made. The question I 
have raised regards the making the art, not the genius of 
instruction. 

But how to teach English literature. How not to teach English 
literature would be an easier question. Perhaps by agreeing on 
certain wrong ways of attempting the task, we can more readily 
get at something positive. 

There are two methods of teaching the subject which are 
equally bad : That of insisting upon mechanical memorizing, and 
that of sentimentalism. The. first is that of the pedant ; the 
second is that of the dilettante. 

Whether the first method may successfully be applied to some 
other subjects or not, I am not prepared definitely to deny, though 
I doubt it ; but it certainly cannot be applied to literature. The 

xv 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

laborious cramming of unrelated facts with the purpose of dis 
gorging them at stated intervals oh, the pity of it ! There is 
no surer way of gaining a student's hatred for a study than by 
making of his mind a treadmill where he will constantly step 
forward without advancing. What use can there be in compelling 
a boy or girl to remember the titles and dates of Cowley's poems, 
or of Congreve's plays, or of Trollope's novels ? If a student have 
the memory of a Macaulay and the industry of a Gladstone, he 
never can, in any real sense, be educated by such periodical 
indigestion of facts. He may recite with an accuracy and fullness 
that would warm the heart of a German commentator, but the 
question remains, What is the use ? " Is the boy interested ? " 
you ask the teacher. The pedagogue is puzzled. Why, pray, 
should the boy be interested ? He's a first honor man. Isn't that 
enough ? But you turn to the boy himself. Are you fond of 
Cowley's poems ? (He has never seen any.) Do you like Con- 
greve's plays? (The lad hasn't read a line of them.) Which 
is your favorite among Trollope's stories ? (The poor chap is 
innocent of every one.) 

And just here allow me to say that, of all fruitless subjects in 
this world, English literature, if taught in this fashion, seems to 
me to be the most so. Even history, taught in however uninspired 
a manner, must leave a slight residuum of profit. History has its 
course, and to catch the march of facts, to watch the tides of event 
from Egypt to Oklahoma, from Moses to McKinley, to do this 
is just a bit better to appreciate the place of one's own time in 
the great scheme of things. Only let us see the panorama pass, 
and we can dispense with the showman. A horde of barbarians 
from the North swept like an evil avalanche over fair Italian 
villages. The ground opened and a tropical city was swallowed 
up like a tiny bird in the jaws of a snake ; men called it .an 
earthquake. There is something to touch the imagination in that. 
But in a certain year Mr. Edmund Waller was born, in another 
he published his first poem, in another he died. Who cares? 
Certainly not the teacher who sulks wearily over the rim of his 
book with his whole soul concentrated on the single thought of 
forcing the student's brain to reproduce the contents of the page ; 
certainly not the pupil who yawns meekly behind his hand, and 
watches a robin out of the window. 

' The second bad method is that of sentimentalism, the unin- 
telligent gurgle of approval. It should be understood once for all 
that gush is not scholarship, and that superlatives are not appre- 
ciation. The trouble with the first method is that it is not 
sympathetic enough, with the second that it is not intelligent 
enough. One is purely intellectual ; the other purely emotional. 

The real method is somewhere between the two bad methods. 

xvi 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

To define it would take rather more confidence than I possess, 
but I can do nothing less than try. 

First of all, let me restate the introductory principle. The true 
method, whatever it />, must win the interest of the pupil. It is next 
to impossible for trained minds to concentrate attention on that 
which is distasteful or wearisome ; for undisciplined minds to do 
so is absolutely impossible. Many pupils dislike some subject 
and pass for sluggards, when the teacher himself is almost wholly 
to blame. The very best teacher cannot force pupils to study 
against their will. His business it is to create an atmosphere in 
which work will become a pleasure and a necessity. Let us look 
at it from another point of view. Why is it that boys who are 
considered lazy over their books will train to the utmost limit of 
strength in preparation for an athletic meet, will lame them- 
selves jumping, or running, or throwing, or riding? They are 
doing violent, constant work, these lazy lads, but they have called 
the hard work play, and have learned to enjoy labor under the 
name of fun. Is it not so in study? If a pupil comes to class 
every day, dull-eyed, dispirited, and constantly observant of his 
watch, he might better be absent. The course does nothing for 
him. The teacher has said nothing to him. Until the stupidest 
face in the class-room brightens, and the sleepiest eye catches fire, 
you have not succeeded in teaching that class. Teachers are not 
paid salaries because they have facts in their brains. Those facts 
are already in the text-book. They are paid because they have 
personality and the book has not, because they can rouse interest 
in the untrained mind, and the white page covered with black 
symbols cannot. If, at the close of your course in literature, every 
pupil has committed the facts verbatim and repeated them to the 
last tittle and jot, you may feel that a feat has been accomplished 
intellectual if not educational. But if your pupils send for copies 
of the book recommended but not prescribed, if^they read further 
than the day's assignment, and more of an author than the text- 
book suggests, you may then feel, and not until then, that the 
course is wholly successful. 

But while interest is the underlying principle, there are several 
related ones, hardly less important. If a good teaching method 
must first of all gain the pupil's interest, in the second place, it must 
gain his respect. The teacher must create the sense of confidence, 
must give the impression of reserve of knowledge behind the 
day's lesson, beneath the hour's lecture, back of the text-book 
narrative. A teacher who knows only the text-book, who is satisfied 
with keeping barely ahead of his class, playing a game of intel- 
lectual "tag,"- a teacher satisfied with this aim, ought never to 
impose himself on innocent school classes. He is in the teaching 
business on borrowed or pretended capital. 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

But teaching should be not only interesting and intelligent, it 
should be exacting. If the text-book is not inspired, it at least 
contains a useful body of truths ; if it should never be mechani- 
cally memorized, its substance should be learned. The teacher 
should do his own work, but he should not do the pupil's work, 
too. The lecture method is admirable in university work ; in 
school work it should be used in combination with the text-book. 

The work of English classes may be equally divided : the first 
half is the work of the teacher, the second is the business of the 
pupil. The teacher's task is that of being interesting ; for, after 
all, intelligence and thoroughness merely contribute to that ; the 
pupil's task is that of being interested. If the teacher is interest- 
ing, he will stimulate the class to work ; if the class is interested, 
they cannot help working. 

The question now becomes more detailed. How can the teacher 
make the subject interesting? 

He should first of all talk to the class. We assume that the 
teacher has much wider familiarity with his subject than the pupils 
have. Let him generously share his knowledge. His talk should 
be animated, without being nervous or excited. It is best, indeed, 
usually to give these talks in a colloquial, almost off-hand way, 
the method of conversation, though always of good conversation. 
This holds attention better than set written articles can do, and 
thus stimulates interest. In these talks biographical incidents 
should have a prominent place, and the lives of the old worthies 
like Chaucer and Spencer should be removed from the halo of 
distance and vitally realized, made actually contemporary. But 
if biography should play a leading part, criticism ought by no 
means to be neglected. The criticism should, however, be con- 
densed and summarized so that the student may easily make 
notes of the tabulated headings. Pupils prefer to have their 
criticism focused. Their ideas are confused if not diffused, and 
they like to have them brought to a point. In a university course, 
one would give a body of general criticism and leave the individual 
student to draw conclusions. If there is one thing more than 
another that the higher education would resent, it is the patronage 
of having authors tagged or labelled for its advantage, the good, 
better, and best sort of thing, on a sliding scale. But preparatory 
school students have no such suspicions, and consider no such 
information an affront. They are frankly ignorant of the relative 
importance of authors, and wish to be told. They are bewildered 
by an army of names and dates, and to be given a list of the ten 
greatest English poets, or of forty indispensable dates to remember 
in English literary history, is to have a bit of order evolved from 
their mental chaos. Criticism by the method of contrast is most 
easily retained in the mind. If told that in politics Shakespeare 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

was royalist and Milton republican ; that in the terms of poetry 
Shakespeare was dramatic and Milton epic ; that in temper Shakes- 
peare was (in the better sense) worldly and Milton other-worldly : 
that in theme Shakespeare discussed actual life and Milton ideal 
life, a bright pupil who has read more or less of the two poets is 
gratified and profited. If the interest of the class flags as the 
result of one way of teaching, let the teacher try another. To-day 
gossip with the class over Doctor Johnson's oddities, and pass 
around a portrait of that amiable " leviathan of literature ; " to- 
morrow give a five-minute analysis of Johnson's style; the day 
following, read extracts from " Rasselas " and " The Rambler." 

But what, pray, is the class to do ? Interest, of course, must 
first be roused ; but the mere mood of interest, however alert at 
the time, does little, unless it begets the impulse to consecutive 
thought. It is the atmosphere in which thought can grow; but it 
is only the atmosphere. 

First, looking at the matter from the point of view of the pupil, to 
study literature is intelligently to read literature itself. The criti- 
cal text-book is simply a marginal commentary ; it is not the scrip- 
ture. It is better to know " Hamlet " or the " De Coverley Papers," 
or Chaucer, or Burke, or Webster, than to read a thousand critical 
essays about them. Criticism is valuable only as a guide. A class 
in general literature should read entire, at least Chaucer's " Pro- 
logue," one of Shakespeare's plays, and one of Bacon's or Macau- 
lay's essays. In addition, there should be a liberal allowance of 
classic extracts, and at any rate one book of required collateral 
reading. It is necessary, moreover, that the pupil have an 
outline knowledge of English history, and that he thoroughly 
understand the general spirit of all leading periods like the 
Elizabethan, the Victorian. Still further, it is indispensable both 
that a knowledge of separate authors' biographies be had, suffi- 
cient to give an intelligent idea of their writings, and that the 
student gain a perspective of the whole literary field by learning 
the substance of a brief manual, like Brooke's " Primer." Good 
critical essays, also, are valuable after (never before) the student 
has read the work criticised itself. The pupil should be taught to 
respect the opinion of men who have given years to the mastery of 
literature, while remembering that the main point, after all, is what 
pleases himself, not what some one else thinks ought to please 
him. Finally, the pupil should commit to memory more or less 
classic English literature, at least a few passages from Shake- 
speare, or a few lyrics from Palgrave's " Golden Treasury." 

It will be seen that not a little has been left to the pupil. But 
I would leave him still more. The most fruitful part of my work 
was that of daily note-writing. 

For example, suppose that to-morrow we were to finish reading 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

' k The Merchant of Venice." I should ask the class to bring in a 
very short essay giving personal impressions of Shylock, or giving 
an outline of the plot by acts, or contrasting the characters of 
Jessica and Portia, or discussing the place the Fifth Act has in the 
development of the drama. After studying Milton's life, I should 
ask, perhaps, for a frank answer to the question : " Would you 
rather have lived in the same house with Shakespeare or with 
Milton ? Give your reasons in full." Or if we had finished 
" The Rape of the Lock," I might ask for an analysis of the plot 
by cantos, or for a collection of the most wise or witty passages. 
Or, if the day's assignment for collateral reading had been a dozen 
lyrics in the " Golden Treasury," I might ask for a critical charac- 
terization of each one of the twelve, in a single descriptive epithet. 

These daily notes were candid, personal estimates, and the 
result of the system was more than satisfying. The work in hardly 
any instance gave evidence of flippant conceit in amateurish 
judgment. On the Contrary, it overcame the scared temper of 
mind in which nothing can be done, and cured the paralysis of 
opinion which pupils often bring to literary study. More than 
this : I insisted particularly that these notes, whatever they were, 
must not be echoes, whether of established critics or of the 
teacher. As a result, an independent and unconventional style of 
writing was developed which often surprised by its astuteness and 
truth. 

Finally, I sought from first to last to impress upon my class 
the value of practical culture. I tried to show that literature is 
not an ornament on the outside of life that poetry itself has as 
real utility as factories. Any course of study that separates pupils 
into a cult, that makes them impractical or dreamy, unsympathetic 
or snobbish, is a failure. Life is better than any commentary on 
life, and reading is only the means to an end. 

I turn from the subject of literature to that of composition. 

It is a heresy to think that literature can, except in an accommo- 
dated sense, be learned; it can only be imbibed. But rhetoric 
and composition differ; they are arts, and may be acquired. 

For that reason they present in some respects an easier field for 
the teacher. He imparts the appreciation and understanding of 
literature less through his knowledge than through his personality. 
Successful teaching of the rules of composition, on the other hand, 
calls for little except exact information, plus the faculty for clear 
and patient explanation. But if, from the teacher's point of view, 
easier to communicate than literature, because demanding slighter 
personal equipment, the arts of rhetoric and composition are 
also, from the pupil's point of view, duller than literature, because 
more mechanical. Let a teacher read to the class Tennyson's 
" Crossing the Bar/' or relate the circumstances of the Laureate's 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

peaceful death with Shakespeare open in his hand and he wins 
all eyes and ears. But let him call on the pupil to reproduce from 
memory the rules of phraseology, and he finds him too often dis- 
pirited and listless. Rules like the following, copied verbatim from 
the rhetoric used in my classes, possess intrinsically no human 
interest, while poetry and stories of real life do possess such 
interest. 

" Be wise in using coordinate form for restrictive office." 

" Prepare for an important alternative by correlating connec- 
tives." 

I am not objecting to these formulae or making sport of them. 
They are valuable. I am only illustrating the fact that, while the 
rhetoric teacher has a less difficult task than the literature teacher 
in that less is demanded of his personal equipment, he has a 
harder task in that he does not so easily win the interest and 
sympathy of the student. 

We have before us, then, the first practical problem in teaching 
composition: Is it possible to make it interesting ? Is it possi- 
ble to overcome the inertia of the indolent or careless pupil who 
hates semicolons and silent letters as he hates study-hours or com- 
pulsory chapel ? Is it possible to overcome the discouragement 
or despair of the pupil who is not indolent or careless, but who is 
overwhelmed by a hundred rules about the placing of the adverb 
and the agreement of pronoun and antecedent ? 

In attempting an answer I would first offer this suggestion : 
Lists of mistakes in the choice or position of words are valuable 
in teaching composition, but they should never come first. Teachers 
often paralyze all the natural faculties of an untrained pupil by 
giving him appalling lists of grammatical errors which he is told 
he must avoid, as if composition could have no natural stride, 
but were a walk on a tight rope with all thought concentrated on 
the danger of falling. 

1 The only way to learn to write, is to write, just as the only way to 
learn to ride a bicycle is to get on and ride. The maxim, it is true, 
needs qualification, but it contains far more truth than this propo- 
sition : The only way to learn to write is by studying lists of 
errors in the use of English. One might follow the latter advice 
for years and never be able to write readable prose. For under- 
neath all the foregoing questions is the fundamental one, What is. 
the purpose of composition ? Is it not that of communicating 
ideas of talking to a wider audience than we can address by 
word of mouth ? We do not walk for the sake of avoiding an 
awkward gait, but for the purpose of getting somewhere. In 

1 In the following discussion the writer has taken the liberty of quoting 
freely from his " Practical Hints for Young Writers." (L. C. Page, 1897.) 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

order, then, to reach our destination more easily and gracefully, 
we " take thought unto our steps." If we talked or wrote for the 
purpose of eschewing mistakes in expression, we would all be 
intolerable prigs. 

The practical problem in writing, as regards one's audience, is 
how to make oneself interesting. The fault with amateur com- 
position seldom seems to be that it is high-flown or sophomoric ; 
the fault is that it is dull. Why is this so ? 

It is apt to be unnatural or insincere. When a young writer 
sends a letter home, it is truthful ; it makes no attempt to dis- 
guise his real self ; but the moment he gets essay paper before 
him, and the thought of a theme in his mind, every atom of in- 
dividuality leaves him. He becomes bookish and stilted, and 
uses the safe general epithet, rather than the one he would use in 
conversation. He tries to be literary, never dreaming that his 
letter home has real literary quality, while his essay has none. 
Literature is simply an expression of life, the only way to be 
literary is to be lifelike. 

It is often vague and unreal There is nothing clear-cut, there 
are no sharp outlines about it. It is impossible to describe what 
we do not see, and the reason we fail to make things real to others 
is that we have never actually observed them ourselves. It is 
necessary first to see the thing exactly, and then to describe it with 
specific words. 

// is not concise. Strike out half the words in the average stu- 
dent essay, and you more than double the force. Few will take 
the trouble to wade through leagues of verbiage in order to get at 
two or three ideas. The untrained reader may know little about 
rhetoric, but he knows when he is bored. 

We have noted a few causes of dullness in school essays. Can 
we suggest any methods of making such writing interesting ? I 
will venture a few suggestions for the pupils, grouping them under 
two general heads: ist, What to write about. 2d, How to write 
it. Or the selection of a theme and the treatment of a theme. 

WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT, OR THE SELECTION OF A THEME. 

1. Describe what you know most about, then your work stands 
more chance of being real. Describe what you are most interested 
in, then- you will be more likely to interest others. 

2. Carry a note-book and make short, descriptive sketches of 
things you see. 

3. Never hunt for subjects. Take the subject nearest you. 

4. Study commonplace subjects till they reveal a new side to 
you. To describe this new side is to be original. 

5. Do not, at any rate, search for romantic or unusual subjects. 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

Select for practice uninteresting themes, and look at them so long 
and attentively that they become interesting. 

How TO WRITE IT, OR THE TREATMENT OF A THEME. 

Having chosen what to write about, the first thing to do is 
rigidly to narrow the subject down. A common fault with school 
essays is that their subjects are too broad. They include so much 
that it is impossible to treat them in an eight-page essay ; indeed, 
they would require for adequate treatment, a whole book. It is 
small wonder that pupils are disheartened, and their essays are 
dull, when an injudicious or ignorant teacher assigns as composi- 
tion subjects, such themes as " Electricity," " Vacation," and 
" Friendship," and expects them to take as the subject of each 
paragraph what is a proper subject only for an extended essay, or 
for an entire chapter in a book. Restricting a theme to sensible 
limits is a real source of encouragement to the student. 

The next thing to do is to outline a paragraph scheme. Only 
by doing this, unless you are a trained writer, does your composi- 
tion stand much chance of having unity and progressiveness. 

After getting thus clearly in mind the subject you are to treat, 
deciding definitely on a title, and forming a paragraph outline, 
all of which may be summed up under the general head of previ- 
sion (to borrow Mr. Barrett Wendell's apt phrase), comes com- 
position itself, and after composition, revision. 

Composition, unlike prevision and revision, should be spontane- 
ous and swift. Banish self-consciousness and all fear of breaking 
rules, and then compose rapidly, with your thought and emotion at 
white heat. This is the only way to write a forceful style. Self- 
consciousness, as we have seen, paralyzes natural expression, and 
ruins composition. 

After writing thus hastily, andy/^/ as you feef, the critical, judi- 
cial faculty comes into play. Now is the time painstakingly to 
revise your work. You cannot now be too much on the alert for 
grammatical and rhetorical faults. 

This lengthy discussion of What to write about, and how to 
write it, may seem to be irrelevant or at least a digression. But 
that is not at all the fact. I have discussed the subject, much as 
if before my class, with the single purpose of answering the ques- 
tion which we saw to be fundamental, How can the practice of 
writing be made interesting ? It can never be made thoroughly 
interesting to all. To some minds, words are hateful things, just 
as figures are hateful to others. " To become a good writer, it is 
necessary," says Mr. Horace Scudder, " to be born of the right 
parents." But exceptions aside, all students may acquire more or 
less interest in composition if they are encouraged to write about 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

common subjects, sufficiently limited in scope for easy treatment 
in a short paper, and if further encouraged to write of these famil- 
iar themes in language, not of books, but of good conversation. 

One question remains : Does the theory of composition just 
outlined yield satisfactory results in practice ? So far as my limited 
observation has gone, it does. Not that all the student essays I 
received met my expectations, but that hardly one student failed 
more or less to improve in his work. Subjects of themes became 
sensibly limited and correctly phrased, the paragraphing grew 
more intelligent, and the actual composition more fluent and free 
from self-consciousness. 

The better quality of essay writing was largely due to the prac- 
tice given in the composition of daily themes similar to those 
written in the English courses of Harvard. 

The junior course in daily themes lasted one month, and the 
sophomore course, two weeks. The theme, which was even shorter 
than the daily note in literature, and in purpose wholly unlike it, 
was handed in by each student on every day of the week, except 
Saturday. In character it was descriptive of some scene or inci- 
dent observed during the day on which it was dated. As to the 
length, the daily theme never exceeded one page, and more often 
was shorter. It aimed at cultivating precise observation, and 
easy, though concise, expression. 

I can best illustrate the sort of work done in this course by 
quoting some representative themes. 

" I met a little dirty faced girl to-night, coming from the store 
with a yeast cake in her hand. Her red-checked dress was faded 
and her apron streaked with mud. Three buttons were gone from 
the top of her old shoe, and the toe was a dull red. She looked 
at me in a curious way and gripped the change knotted in the 
corner of her handkerchief. A moment later I turned to look 
after her, and all I saw was the last flutter of the red ribbon that 
should have been neatly tied in a bow on her yellow braid of hair ; 
and she was around the corner and out of sight." 

" A boy in a faded red sweater and patched trousers has been 
digging dandelions a short distance from my window this morning. 
He carried a market basket on his left arm and grasped a broken 
"knife with his grimy right hand. I watched him diving first here then 
there in the wet grass like a bee, until the basket was full. Then 
he climbed over the fence and ran down the hill to a house hidden 
behind the trees. He appeared again soon, with an empty basket, 
and went whistling loudly down the street." 

" This has been a dreary day for the latter part of April. As I 
walked down street to-night, the wind either hurled clouds of dust 
and dead leaves to meet me, or, blowing against my back, carried me 
along almost as helplessly as the shrivelled brown leaf that kept 



ENGLISH IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. 

pace with me. The half grown leaves on a bush beside the walk 
looked out of season, and a last year's bird's nest swung dismally 
on its twig." 

During the interval of daily theme practice, the classes were 
excused from the stated essays, based on college readings. 
After the shorter descriptive sketches had been dropped and the 
class had returned to the more formal essays, the quality of work 
showed decided improvement. 

The themes were criticised in detail in red ink on the papers, 
orally before the class, and privately as I could arrange to meet 
the writers themselves. More than any other single thing, this 
daily theme method contributed to the success of the English de- 
partment in the school. 

Deep down under the question, " Where to Educate," lie the fun- 
damental questions, " Why to Educate," and " How to Educate." 
Of these we must leave the first to the philosopher. The second has 
never yet been fully answered, and perhaps, until the educational 
millennium, never can be. Normal and training school journals 
and all the dreary, useful literature of pedagogy, are consecrated 
to the solution of the query ; the result is a confusion of tongues. 
But the perplexed teacher may always be reassured if he recalls 
the simple fact that, while methods must vary with circumstances, 
with the requirements of the individual class, with the tempera- 
ment of the instructor, the one thing needful is the winning and 
holding, by whatever legitimate method he will, of the pupil's 
interest in his task. The way to learn to work is first to learn to 
love to work ; and until this is done little has been accomplished. 

EREDERIC LAWRENCE KNOWLES. 




WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



EXPLANATORY NOTE. The arrangement of the following sketches is 
alphabetical by States, under the States by cities, and under the cities by 
schools. 

ALABAMA. 

ALABAMA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, A. and M. col- 
lege, Auburn, Wm. LeRoy Broun, President. The Institute makes 
prominent science and its applications, and in all the lower classes 
instruction in manual training is given. Five degree courses of 
study are offered as follows : Chemistry and agriculture, civil 
engineering, electrical and mechanical engineering, pharmacy, 
and a general course including Latin, French, and German. 
There are ten well-equipped laboratories in different depart- 
ments of science, in which students work daily. Tuition is free 
to residents of Alabama, and the price of board ranges from $9.50 
to $15.00 per month. 

AUBURN FEflALE INSTITUTE, Auburn, G. W. Duncan, 
Principal, offers two courses, the classical and the English. 
Graduates are prepared to enter the junior class of the Alabama 
Polytechnic Institute. The expenses are moderate. 

BAILEY SPRINGS UNIVERSITY, for young ladies, Bailey 
Springs, Lauderdale County, Henry Altamont Moody, M.D., Chan- 
cellor. The college includes twelve schools : Mathematics, Latin, 
English, Greek, literature, modern languages, mental and moral 
philosophy, history, art, natural sciences, elocution, and music. 
The degrees conferred are those of B. L., A. B., and A. M. The 
music school is under the direction of Mr. J. de Zielinski, 
the Polish composer, teacher, and writer. The matron, Mrs. Ella 
Brock Ellis, devotes her entire time to the training and strengthen- 
ing of the young women committed to her charge. A unique 
feature of the University is a modified military drill in which every 
pupil is required to take part unless excused by the chancellor on 



Birmingham. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ala. 

account of physical disability. The expense for board and tuition 
is $90 in the collegiate department for a term of five months, and 
$80 in the preparatory department. 

THE ZELOSOPHIAN ACADEMY (co-educational), Birming- 
ham, the Rev. J. H. B. Hall, President, was established by the 
present head in September, 1892. It is under Cumberland Pres- 
byterian influence and is pronouncedly Christian. The enrol- 
ment has never fallen below one hundred and nineteen, the 
attendance for the first year. The course of study comprises 
a primary, a preparatory, a collegiate, a music, and an art depart- 
ment. Commercial studies may also be pursued, and throughout 
the course special attention is given to English. The history of 
Alabama is regularly taught to all students. Certificates are 
granted upon the satisfactory completion of the studies in any 
department. The tuition charges vary from $1.00 to $5.00 per 
month, and board is obtainable in private families. 

THE CARROLLTON ACADEflY, a school for boys and girls, 
Carrollton, L. V. Rosser, A. B., Principal. The courses of study 
have been recently enlarged, and competent assistance has been 
procured. The school has been made an auxiliary of the Univer- 
sity of Alabama, thus affording boys wishing to enter that institu- 
tion special advantages. Teachers wishing to obtain higher 
certificates will be favored with special rates and opportunities. 
There are three departments, primary, elementary, and academic, 
and the school is designed to give training in the elements of a 
practical English education, to prepare boys and girls for college, 
and to prepare for examination for certificates to teach. 

HOWARD COLLEGE, East Lake, Frank M. Roof, A. M., 
President and Treasurer, is the property of the Alabama Baptist 
State Convention, and was chartered in 1841. Its first location 
was in Marion, but in 1887 it was removed to East Lake, a 
suburb of Birmingham. The college is composed of seven 
academic departments, as follows : School of the Latin language 
and literature ; of the Greek language and literature ; of Eng- 
lish and elocution ; of modern languages ; of mathematics ; of 
natural sciences ; and of mental and moral sciences. In every 
department correct English in grammar and spelling is a require- 
ment, and the student is graded according to his knowledge of 
English syntax, orthography, punctuation, and pronunciation. There 
are four regular undergraduate courses : classical, literary, scientific, 
and civil engineering, leading to the corresponding Bachelor's de- 
grees, and a professional course in pedagogy leading to the degree 
of Bachelor of Pedagogy. The post-graduate degrees conferred by 
the college are the Master's in arts, science, literature, and civil en- 



Ala. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Marion. 

gineering. The expense for board, tuition, and required fees in the 
collegiate department is $175 per session or year, and $165 in the 
sub-collegiate department. 

HOWARD COLLEGE ACADEMY, or the sub-collegiate department, 
prepares for the college and offers a one year's business course. 

ALABAflA STATE NORflAL COLLEGE and model training 
school, Florence, M. C. Wilson, President. The object of the col- 
lege is to train teachers for the public schools of the State, and the 
course of study is professional, with this end in view. Those who 
do not propose to teach are admitted as academic tuition students. 
There are two courses of study : the advanced, four years, and the 
professional, one year. These courses recognize the necessity for a 
broad culture in the teacher, and extend the work over as large a 
field of mathematics, science, literature, and art as time and thor- 
oughness of work will allow. The curriculum also includes Latin, 
Greek, and instrumental music. 

JUDSON INSTITUTE, for young ladies, Marion, Robert G. 
Patrick, D. D., President, was founded in 1839. The buildings 
were thoroughly renovated and repaired in 1889, and furnished 
with all modern equipments. They will accommodate two hun- 
dred boarders. The Institute offers instruction in literary studies, 
music, art, and elocution. 

MARION niLITARY INSTITUTE, Marion, James T. Mur- 
fee, LL. D. (Virginia Military Institute, 1853), Superintendent. 
After an experience of more than thirty years as professor or pres- 
ident in colleges and universities, South and North, and after an 
extensive business experience, Col. James T. Murfee founded, in 
1887, the Marion Military Institute, as a military boarding school 
for young men of good morals. The school is now conducted with 
a view to attracting those who wish to place themselves in the best 
company, and to receive the benefits of the best methods of dis- 
cipline and instruction. A constant effort is put forth to make the 
school a pleasant and profitable place, and to give such train- 
ing as will make happy and prosperous lives. The curriculum is 
sufficiently broad to impart both scientific and classical knowledge ; 
the class work teaches how to get knowledge from books and 
nature, and how to express and apply the knowledge ; and the 
method of military discipline builds character, stimulates industry, 
and gives high and noble ambitions. A cadet may enter at any 
time and be assigned to suitable classes, parents or guardians select- 
ing such studies as are desired, not omitting English. A unique 
and commendable feature of the school is its extension of hospi- 
tality and good-will to new pupils by means of a student commit- 
tee elected to receive and make pleasant the entrance of new stu- 
dents. The charges for tuition and board are $175 for the year. 



Mobile. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ala. 

MISS HUNTER'S 5ELECT GRADED SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, 559 Government Street, Mobile, Miss S. E. Hunter, 
Principal. This school, one of the most favorably known in the 
city of Mobile, is located on the principal residence street. The 
grounds are large and well shaded by live-oak trees ; the buildings 
are spacious and attractive ; the surroundings pleasant and health- 
ful. The school was opened at the present site in 1887, and has 
had the patronage of the best families of Alabama. The principal 
is a graduate of The National School of Methods, New York 
State. She is well assisted and gives to her pupils modern and 
progressive instruction in all departments. 

THE flEDICAL COLLEGE OF ALABAHA, the medical 
department of the University of Alabama, is situated at Mobile. 
The Dean is George A. Ketchum, M. D. It is fully equipped, 
has excellent laboratories and a fine reference library. The City 
Dispensary is in the college building, and its patients furnish daily 
clinics for the use of the professors and lecturers. The City 
Hospital is under the control and management of the faculty dur- 
ing the sessions of the college. The fees amount to $100 for each 
session, and a fee of $25 for examinations and diploma. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY of the University of Alabama 
is also situated at Mobile and conducted in the building of the 
Medical College, under the supervision of the dean and faculty of 
that institution. The charge for each course of six calendar 
months is $50, with a diploma fee of $10. 

STILLMAN INSTITUTE, Tuscaloosa, was founded in 1876 
by the Presbyterian Church (South) " for the training of colored 
men for the ministry." It has given instruction to one hundred 
and eighty-two negro ministers, most of whom have done good 
service ; two of them are missionaries on the Congo in Africa, 
and one of these latter is an F. R. G. S. The Institute has an 
academic and a theological department. The faculty consists of 
two professors, the Rev. O. B. Wilson and Prof. E. E. Gordon. 

TUSCALOOSA FEflALE COLLEGE, Tuscaloosa, Wightman 
F. Melton, A. M., Ph. D., President. The city of Tuscaloosa is 
located in the picturesque foot-hills of Alabama, on the bank of 
the Black Warrior River. It is a beautiful town, known as the 
" Druid City." Its location largely exempts it from malarial dis- 
eases and epidemics. Its winters are mild and genial, while the 
heat of summer is tempered by the shade of the giant oaks, which 
abound on every street. The Tuscaloosa Female College has this 
year (1898) entered upon its thirty-ninth session. It has eighteen 
officers and teachers, good buildings, electric lights, water works, 
and all conveniences and accommodations for boarders. The day 



Ala. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Tuskegee. 

patronage is also large, and the rates are reasonable. The depart- 
ments are : Literary, vocal and instrumental music, elocution, art, 
stenography, gymnastics, and dressmaking. 

UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA (co-educational), Tuscaloosa, 
James K. Powers, LL. D., President, has two general departments 
of instruction, an academic and a department of professional edu- 
cation. The academic department as at present organized has 
thirteen schools, as follows : The School of Latin language and 
literature ; Greek language and literature ; English language and 
literature ; German ; Romance languages ; chemistry and metal- 
lurgy ; mineralogy and geology ; physics and astronomy ; mathe- 
matics ; history and philosophy; engineering; biology; and 
military science and tactics. The two undergraduate courses of 
study are the classical and the scientific, each leading to the Bach- 
elor's degree and each requiring four years for completion. In 
each school there is provided a course of instruction for graduate 
students applying for University degrees. The courses offered at 
present lead to the Master's degree in arts and in science. For 
professional education there is the department of engineering ; of 
law ; of medicine, situated at Mobile ; and of pharmacy, also 
situated at Mobile. The discipline of the academic department for 
all but seniors and sub-seniors over twenty-one years of age is 
military. The University has a fine site, modern buildings, and 
is well equipped for good work. 

ALABAHA fllLITARY INSTITUTE, "Fonville School," Tus- 
kegee, Col. William D. Fonville, Superintendent, was founded in 
1857 by Prof. James F. Park, LL. D. It was known as the Park 
High School till 1883, when Doctor Park retired, selling the school 
to Colonel Fonville. In February, 1891, it was incorporated by the 
State as the Alabama Military Institute and given the power to 
confer the literary degrees usual in colleges and universities. It 
is an undenominational military boarding school, aiming to prepare 
young men for life work, or for entrance at college or university, 
the United States Military Academy or the United States Naval 
Academy. The courses of instruction are full and each student 
works independently, graduating as soon as he finishes his course 
even in mid-session. The location of the school makes it desir- 
able as a winter, school for young men and boys disposed to throat 
and lung troubles. The charge for board, tuition? fuel, and 
furnished room is $160 per session, in advance. 

TUSKEGEE NORflAL AND INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTE, 

Tuskegee, Booker T. Washington, Principal, was founded in 1881. 
It represents probably the most important educational work being 
carried on among the negro race. During the year ending May 

5 



Walnut Grove. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ala- 

31, 1898, 1,047 students were enrolled, 712 boys, 335 girls. 
These students came from twenty-four States and Territories, and 
from two foreign countries. In all departments of the school, 
eighty-eight officers and teachers were employed. Together with 
academic and religious education, training is given in twenty-six 
different industries. Of the students who have received diplomas 
and certificates from Tuskegee, many are exerting the highest 
influence among their race throughout the South, and are occupy- 
ing positions as tradesmen, farmers, teachers, and clergymen. 
The educational plant includes an agricultural building, recently 
erected, and a new chapel. In all, there are forty-two buildings ; 
the institution also owns 2,267 acres of land. The total valuation 
of the property is about $300,000. Board per month, including 
furnished room and washing, is $8, and the entrance fee is $i. 

WALNUT GROVE BAPTIST COLLEGE, Walnut Grove, 
W. Y. Adams, A. M., President, C. L. Murphree, Secretary, was 
established in 1889, as a State chartered institution, under the 
supervision of Professor^ Adams, an experienced educator. In 
1898 the college building was bought by the Baptists, who retained 
Professor Adams as President. The curriculum is comprehen- 
sive, being commensurate with the best colleges of the country. 
Degrees are conferred in the regular courses. Special attention is 
given to vocal and band music. The entire expenses for the col- 
legiate year vary from $80 to $120. 

ARIZONA. 

UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Howard Billman, 

A. M., President, is non-sectarian and co-educational. It was 
created by the Territorial Act of 1885, which provided for a 
board of regents, of which the governor and State superintendent 
of instruction are members ex ojficio. The University was opened 
to students in 1891, though work was begun on the first building 
in 1887. It has an elevated situation near the mountains, and 
the grounds cover over forty acres. Admission is both by exam- 
ination and certificate. The following degrees are conferred : 

B. S., A. M., M. S., C. E., M. E., E. E., and Irrg. E. Military drill 
is compulsory for male students during the first year. The 
School of Music is one of the most thoroughly equipped depart- 
ments. An agricultural station established at the University has 
several laboratories and a valuable museum. Tuition is free, and 
general expenses average less than $200 for the college year. 



Ark. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Fayetteville. 

ARKANSAS. 

HENDRIX COLLEGE, Conway, Rev. A. C. Millar, A. M., 
President, is owned by the Arkansas, Little Rock, and White 
River Annual Conferences of the M. E. Church, South, and is 
controlled through trustees appointed by them. This institution 
was formerly the Central Collegiate Institute, located at Altus ; 
but in 1889 the present name was adopted, and the following 
year the college was removed to Conway. The location, south of 
the Ozark Mountains, yet practically free from malaria, is attrac- 
tive to those who wish to escape the rigor of winter. The work 
of the college is divided among the following departments : Edu- 
cation, English, French, German, Greek, history, Latin, mathe- 
matics, natural science, philosophy, physical science, political 
economy, and political science. The A. B., S. B., Ph. B., and Lit. B. 
degrees are conferred. About one-third of the work for each 
degree is elective. The bachelor's degrees are accepted by lead- 
ing universities as prerequisites for master's degrees. While 
the college is organized for men, women are received on equal 
terms, but no dormitory is provided for them. Library and labora- 
tory facilities are excellent. The Y. M. C. A. is strong and active. 

ARKANSAS INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY (co-educational), 
Fayetteville, John Lee Buchanan, LL. D., President, is at the head of 
the public educational system of the State, and was founded in ac- 
cordance with the act of Congress donating public lands for purposes 
of education. It is situated with the exception of its medical, 
law, and normal schools, the first two of which are at Little Rock and 
the third at Pine Bluff at Fayetteville, Washington County, in 
the heart of the Ozark Mountains. There are seven main buildings 
grouped about the campus, besides numerous accessory buildings 
and shops. The laboratories are equipped with modern appli- 
ances, and include four chemical, and a physical, biological, geo- 
logical, mechanical engineering, electrical, civil engineering, and 
cement laboratory. Admission is by examination and on certifi- 
cate from accredited schools. There is an agricultural experiment 
station under the direction of Robert Love Bennett, B. S., and a 
military department under an. officer of the U. S. Army. The 
following degrees are given : B. A., B. S., B. C. E., B. M. E., B. E. E., 
B. S. A., M. A., M. S., Ph. D. Graduates in engineering may also 
receive the advanced degrees of C. E., M. E., or E. E. Tuition 
per year to non-beneficiary students, $30. 

THE PREPARATORY SCHOOL, W. A. Crawford, Principal, is in- 
tended, first, to prepare students for any of the courses of study 
taught in the University ; second, to furnish to those who cannot 
take a more extended course as good a general education as the 

7 



Fordyce. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ark. 

limited time will permit ; third, to prepare teachers for the public 
grammar schools of the State. To secure these ends, three 
courses of study are offered : Arts, engineering, and science. 

TRAINING SCHOOL FOR YOUTH, Fordyce, J. D. Clary, 
Principal, was established in 1889. It is the oldest high-grade 
preparatory school in the State, and is modelled after the best 
schools in the East. The course leads to the freshman class in 
the universities, or to the junior class of most colleges in Arkan- 
sas. The expense for the school year is $165. 

LAW DEPARTflENT, Arkansas Industrial University, Little 
Rock, J. H. Carmichael, LL. B., Dean of the Faculty. 

THE flEDICAL SCHOOL, Arkansas Industrial University, 
Little Rock, James A. Dibrell, M. D., President of the Faculty ; 
E. R. Dibrell, M. D., Secretary of the Faculty. 

BRANCH NORflAL COLLEGE, Pine Bluff, J. C. Corbin, 
A. M. (Ohio Univ.), President, is a department of the Arkansas 
Industrial University, established pursuant to an act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State of Arkansas, approved April 25, 1873, 
and has been in operation since April 27, 1875. ^ ts primary 
object is the training of teachers for efficient service in the col- 
ored public schools of the State. Its property is as follows : Cam- 
pus, twenty acres ; brick college, seven rooms ; brick dormitory, 
twenty rooms ; mechanical department building, ten rooms ; stor- 
age building, two rooms; library, 3,500 volumes; machinery, 
valued at $10,000; apparatus, $1,500; typewriters and sewing 
machines, $500; musical instruments, $1,000. Its courses are: 
preparatory, normal, collegiate, mechanic art, and manual training, 
Fourteen classes have graduated from the normal course. 

CALIFORNIA. 

UNIVERSITY ACADEHY, a select boarding school for boys, 
Alameda, W. W. Anderson, Principal. In connection with, this 
school should be noted the salubrious climate of Alameda ; excel- 
lent accommodations ; superior home life and surroundings, and 
superior preparation for college. The boys live with and are under 
the daily influence and care of the principal and his wife. The 
school is unsectarian, and aims to develop a self-controlled, manly 
character. Its work is accredited by the California State Univer- 
sity and by the Leland Stanford Junior University. The expenses 
are $250 per term for boarding, and $50 for day pupils. 

BELMONT SCHOOL for boys, Belmont, W. T. Reid, A. M. 
(Harvard), Head Master. This institution was founded in 1885 by 
Mr. W. T. Reid, ex-president of the University of California. In 



Cal. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Berkeley. 



May, 1893, Hopkins Academy was merged into the Belmont 
School, under the head mastership of Mr. Reid. Belmont is a 
village on the Southern Pacific Railroad, twenty-five miles south 
of San Francisco. The climate and surroundings of the school 
are unsurpassed. The grounds cover thirty-five acres, and unusual 
opportunities for out-of-door exercise and athletic sports are 
offered by campus and gymnasium. There are six school build- 
ings proper, besides power-house, dairy, etc. Each house is a 
separate community in charge of a teacher and his wife. The 
school is unsectarian but thoroughly Christian. A reference to 




BELMONT SCHOOL. 

its catalogue shows that it successfully fits boys for those colleges 
and technical schools whose requirements for admission are 
most severe. Board and tuition for the year are $600 ; tuition 
is $250. 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (co-educational), Berkeley, 
Martin Kellogg, LL. D., President, was founded in 1868, at 
Oakland, and opened to students the following year. In 1873 the 
institution was transferred to Berkeley. By a new constitution in 
1879, its existing organization was made perpetual. The College 
of California, established a number of years before the University, 
transferred its students and property to the latter in 1869. Only 
undergraduate college work was at first attempted, the profes- 
sional schools being added subsequently. The first president was 
Henry Durant, 1870-72 ; the second, Daniel C. Oilman, 1872-75. 

9 



Eureka. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cal. 

Under the hand of President Oilman the institution strengthened 
its classical courses and laid the foundation for its work in tech- 
nical science. The most notable single gifts that have been made 
to the University are the Lick Observatory, 1888 ; the Mark Hop- 
kins Institute of Art, valued at $600,000, 1893 ; the Phebe Hearst 
and Levi Strauss scholarships, 1891 and 1897 ; and the Cora Jane 
Flood property (estimated value $1,000,000 or more), for the fur- 
therance of instruction in the College of Commerce. The Lick 
telescope, with its thirty-six-inch refractor, until 1894 the largest 
in existence, has brought to light many remarkable scientific 
facts, among them being that of Jupiter's fifth moon. The 
University includes the following departments : College of Let- 
ters, College of Social Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, 
College of Agriculture, College of Mechanics, College of Mining, 
College of Civil Engineering, College of Chemistry, College of 
Commerce, College of the Fine Arts, Lick Astronomical Depart- 
ment, Hastings College of Law, Medical Department, Post-graduate 
Medical Department, College of Dentistry, and California College 
of Pharmacy. The various curricula lead to the degrees of B. A., 
B. L., B. S., A. M., C. E., LL. B., M. L., M. S., M. K, D. D. S., 
D. V. S., M. D., Met. E., Min. E., Ph. G., Ph. B., and Ph. D. 
Extensive laboratories, a botanical garden, a conservatory, mu- 
seums, a gymnasium, and a library of over sixty thousand volumes 
are included in the University's equipment. The general manage- 
ment of the institution is in the hands of the State Regents ; the 
government and instruction of the students is entrusted to the 
faculties of the several colleges. There are about three thou- 
sand living alumni. Tuition in the colleges is free ; there are 
only incidental charges at the special schools, and numerous 
scholarships and fellowships are available for worthy students. 

ST. JOSEPH'S INSTITUTE, academy and day school, Eureka, 
conducted by the Sisters of Mercy, is situated in the centre of the 
city, and is surrounded by beautiful grounds. The school build- 
ings are new, with all modern improvements. Young ladies receive 
here a solid, practical, and finished education. 



. ST. MARY'S ACADEHY, Grass Valley, Nevada County, 
conducted by the Sisters of Mercy, is legally incorporated and 
empowered to confer academic honors. It is now a third of a 
century old, and has graduated nearly three hundred young 
women. Affiliated with the academy are girls' and boys' orphan 
homes, in which, together with the day school, 250 children are 
taught. There are three general departments : Primary, inter- 
mediate, and academic. In addition to the usual courses, music, 
plain sewing, fancy work, painting, and drawing are taught. The 
cost of board and tuition is $150 for one school year. 

10 



CaL . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Los Angeles. 

LAKEPORT ACADEMY (co-educational), Lakeport, Lake 
County, John Overholser, Principal and President of the Board 
of Trustees. Twelve years ago this academy was started by the 
present principal, to supplement the work of the public schools. 
The patronage increased till the leading citizens of Lakeport 
became interested, formed a corporation and erected suitable 
school buildings. There are four courses of instruction : English, 
scientific, college preparatory, and normal. Tuition and board 
average about $225 per year. 

THE LONGLEY SHORTHAND AND TYPEWRITER IN- 
STITUTE, Room 306, Henne Building, Los Angeles, Elias 
Longley, Principal, who is a professional phonographer of nearly 
fifty years' experience, and the author of the " American Manual 
of Phonography," recently adopted by the Los Angeles school 
board for use in the public high school. This has been a popular 
text-book for over forty years. The seven other books in Long- 
ley's Phonographic Series are equally well known. Professor 
Longley gives individual lessons and prepares both practical 
stenographers and teachers of the subject. 

ST. VINCENT'S COLLEGE, Los Angeles, the Very Rev. J. A. 
Linn, C. M., President, was founded in 1865 by the priests of the 
congregation of the Mission. The present commodious building 
was erected in 1887. The course of instruction is four-fold : Col- 
legiate, scientific, commercial, and preparatory. The collegiate 
course leads to the B. A. degree ; the scientific to the degree of 
S. B. Expense per session of five months is $125. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (co-edu- 
cational), Los Angeles, the Rev. George W. White, D. D., Presi- 
dent, has the following departments : College of Liberal Arts, 
College of Theology, University Academy, School of Art, College 
of Medicine, College of Music, College of Dentistry, School of 
Elocution and Oratory, and the Chaffey Preparatory School, the 
last named located at Ontario. The University is under the 
control of the Southern California Conference of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and is distinctively and aggressively 
a Christian school, but is in no sense sectarian. The Direc- 
tors hold for these various schools, lands, town properties, 
and funds, which, with judicious management, will give them, 
in time, a fair working endowment. They are as yet only 
partially productive, but the income from them is increasing each 
year, and there is but little incumbrance. They are now held by 
the Board of Directors in the interests of the several schools, 
except in the case of Chaffey Preparatory School, which remains 
under the control of its local Board. The present policy is one of 
concentration of resources and schools in Los Angeles. In pur- 

n 



Los Angeles. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cal. 

suance of this policy, the Maclay College of Theology has been 
removed from San Fernando and reopened with the other schools 
in Los Angeles. The policy of concentration renders possible a 
consolidation of libraries, appliances, and teaching force, and adds 
much to the efficiency of the work. Admission to the College of 
Liberal Arts is by certificate from accredited schools, and on 
examination in all branches set for admission that are not covered 
by such certificate. The degrees conferred are A. B., Ph. B., 
B. L., B. S., and A. M. Tuition in the college is $60 per year, 
and in the School of Theology tuition is free. 

WOODBURY'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 226 South Spring 
Street, Los Angeles, N. G. Felker, President, was established in 
1884; is chartered by the State; and aims to give a practical 
business education. Tuition is $10 per month in the regular 
business courses and $6 in the English course. 

THE THACHER SCHOOL, at Casa de Piedra Ranch, in the 
Ojai Valley, in Southern California, Sherman D. Thacher, A. B., 
LL. B., and William L. Thacher, A. B., associate Head Masters, 
address Nordhoff, Ventura County, Cal. This school occupies a 
unique position among the first-class' preparatory schools of the 
country, by reason of the peculiar combination of healthful climate 
and mode of life with unusual opportunities for study and cultiva- 
tion. Nearly every boy has a horse of his own and takes full care 
of it. About half of the boys are from the East. Boys of bad 
character and invalids are carefully excluded, but moral and 
physical development is a part of the peculiar value of the school. 
The number admitted is limited and the teachers are four, Yale or 
Harvard graduates. Preparation is given for college or scientific 
school. The terms are $700 per year. 

CALIFORNIA COLLEGE (co-educational), Oakland, T. G. 
Brownson, President, offers a classical and a scientific course, each 
of four years, leading to the corresponding Bachelor's degree. 
The college is now in its twelfth year at its present location. Con- 
nected with it is a preparatory academy. The expenses are about 
$260 a year. 

PACIFIC THEOLOGICAL SEHINARY, Oakland, the Rev. 
John Knox McLean, D. D., President. This Congregational school 
was opened in 1869, and at present has a faculty of six professors. 
It has a good working library, also access to several large 
public libraries. Its classical course, covering three years, 
embraces both Hebrew and Greek and leads to the degree of 
Bachelor of Divinity. Besides this it offers a four years' course, 
including Greek but not Hebrew, and a three years' English 
course. The annual term begins the first Tuesday of September 

12 



Col. , WHERE TO EDUCATE. Palo Alto. 

and closes the last week of April. Credentials for admission must 
include recommendations as to character, certificate of church 
membership, a college diploma, or, lacking a diploma, evidence of 
preparation sufficient for the seminary work. Young women are 
received into all the courses upon equal terms with young men. 
Necessary expenses do not exceed $150 a year, which may be par- 
tially met by scholarship aid in a limited number of cases. Pacific 
Seminary is magnificently located, at the business centre of the 
Pacific Coast empire, in one of the healthiest cities of the country, 
on an eminence commanding an unobstructed view of San Fran- 
cisco Bay and the Golden Gate, the doorway towards the awakening 
oriental nations. Within twenty minutes' ride is the University of 
California, whose apparatus and instruction are free to all. 

THE CHAFFEY PREPARATORY SCHOOL of the Univer- 
sity of Southern California, Ontario (See Univ. of S. Cal.). The 
annual charge for board and tuition is $220. 

CASTILLEJA HALL, a boarding and day school for girls, 
Palo Alto, Miss Zaidee M. Brown and Mrs. Lucy Fletcher Brown, 
Principals. The school is situated about a mile from the Leland 
Stanford Junior University. The town of Palo Alto combines 
healthfulness of climate with beauty of surroundings. The school 
prepares for all colleges that admit women, and especially for Stan- 
ford University. The teachers are specialists recommended by 
the authorities of that university. Much attention is paid to 
health, and daily work in the gymnasium is required of all pupils. 
The number of boarders is limited to twelve. The charges are 
$400 per year for boarding and $100 for day pupils. 

THE LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR UNIVERSITY (coedu- 
cational), Palo Alto, David Starr Jordan, Ph. D., LL. D., President. 
This University was founded by the Hon. Leland Stanford and 
Jane Lathrop Stanford in memory of their son. The corner-stone 
of the first building was laid May 14, 1887, the nineteenth anni- 
versary of the birth of Leland Stanford, Jr., and the University was 
formally opened October i, 1891. Its charter states that its object 
is " to qualify students for personal success and direct usefulness 
in life." It is located on the Palo Alto estate, thirty miles south- 
east of San Francisco. The estate consists of 8,400 acres, and 
on the grounds are the residence of the founders and an 
extensive arboretum. In addition to the Palo Alto estate the 
landed endowment of the University consists of the Vina 
estate in Tehama County, of fifty-nine thousand acres, and the 
Gridley estate in Butte County, of twenty-two thousand acres. 
The Stanford residence in San Francisco has also been deeded 
to the University and the balance of the endowment is in 

13 



Palo Alto. WHERE TO EDUCATE. , CaL 

interest-bearing securities. The arrangement and plan of the 
buildings and grounds has been made to conform to the peculiar 
climatic conditions of the section. A series of quadrangles sur- 
rounded by various detached buildings is in general the idea of 
arrangement, and the plan of the buildings is that of the old 
Spanish Missions. For so young an institution the growth has 
been remarkable. The faculty numbers about ninety and the 
students over twelve hundred (766 men and 458 women). The 
equipment includes laboratories and scientific collections, and a 
library of over forty thousand volumes. The work of the Univer- 
sity is grouped under the following departmental heads : Greek, 
Latin, classical philology, Germanic languages, Romanic languages, 
English language and literature, psychology, ethics, bionomics, 
education, history, economics and social science, law, mathematics, 
physics, chemistry, botany, entomology, physiology, drawing and 
painting, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical 
engineering. The Hopkins Laboratory of Natural History at 
Pacific Grove is a branch of the biological work of the Univer- 
sity. For meeting the entrance requirements candidates are 
offered a choice of twenty-two subjects. The subjects are all 
reduced to the unit of a high school year, making twenty-eight 
credits, and placed on an exact equality, except that English com- 
position is required of all applicants. Twelve credits are necessary 
for admission to full standing, and these may be made up of 
English composition (one credit) and such other subjects (aggre- 
gating eleven credits) as may be selected by the candidates. The 
University does not agree, in advance, to exempt the graduates of 
any school from all entrance examinations. Recommendations 
from the principal of any reputable preparatory school will be 
considered and examinations waived in all entrance subjects 
fairly covered in the candidate's course of study, subject to certain 
conditions and exceptions duly set forth in the annual register. 
Tuition in all departments is free. The registration fee is $10 
per semester for undergraduate and $15 for special students. 

MANZANITA HALL, preparatory school for boys, Palo Alto, 
Frank Cramer, A. M., Principal, is located in an ideal community, in 
the shadow of a great university, on the outskirts of a town from 
which saloons are excluded by a strong public sentiment, by a town 
ordinance, and by a prohibitory clause in the title deeds. It gives 
special attention to the preparation of students for Stanford Uni- 
versity. The teachers are all trained specialists in their depart- 
ments, are continually in touch with the university, and understand 
the requirements for admission. Its graduates are admitted to the 
university without examination, on recommendation of the princi- 
pal. Its students are admitted on recommendation without examina- 

H 



GW. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pasadena. 

tion to other colleges and universities, and thorough preparation 
is given to students who expect to enter colleges or universities 
that require examination. Board and tuition is $400 per year. 

CLASSICAL SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 59 South Euclid Avenue, 
Pasadena, Stephen Cutter Clark, A. B. (Harvard), Principal. The 
aim of this school is to fit boys for the best colleges. The time of 
completing the course is suited to the individual capacity and work 
of each pupil. Boys are received as early as six years of age. Gym- 
nastic drill is held in the open air, under the care of a special in- 
structor. A limited number of boarding pupils will be received in 
the home of the principal. Tuition for boys twelve years of age 
and over is $150 per annum ; for boys under twelve it is $100. 

ENQLISH=CLASSICAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Pasadena, 
Miss Anna B. Orton, Principal. Miss Orton, who is a daughter of 
the late Prof. James Orton of Vassar College, established this school 
in the fall of 1890. It provides a thorough preparation for all col- 
leges to which women are admitted, and offers a course of study 
to students who are .not intending to enter college. The college 
preparatory course includes Latin, mathematics, English language 
and literature, history, science, Greek, French, or German. The 
modern language course covers the amount of work required, for 
the college preparatory course, with the exception that a modern 
language may be substituted for Latin. Certificates from the school 
are accepted by the leading colleges, whereby students are enabled 
to enter without further examination. For boarding pupils $500 is 
charged for the school year. 

THROOP POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE and Manual Training 
School, Pasadena, Walter A. Edwards, President, was founded by 
the Hon. Amos G. Throop in 1891. Articles of incorporation were 
filed September 23d ; the first Board of Trustees organized October 
2d ; and the doors of the Institute were opened to students November 
2d. It was established as an institution of learning that should fur- 
nish to students of both sexes and of all religious opinions a liberal 
and practical education, which, while thoroughly Christian, should 
be absolutely non-sectarian in character. In 1892 it was determined 
to make manual and industrial education the characteristic feature 
of the school, and the building now known as Polytechnic Hall 
was erected. In the following year East Hall was built and fur- 
nished at a cost of nearly forty thousand dollars. The Institute 
comprises four departments, the Sloyd Grammar School, the Man- 
ual Training Academy, the Normal Department, and the College, 
the work in the last named being entirely elective. Through the 
generosity of citizens of Pasadena a number of free scholarships 
have been founded for the benefit of worthy and needy students. 

15 



Sacramento. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Col. 

The Institute is included in the list of schools accredited by the 
State University. The Leland Stanford Junior University also ac- 
cepts its certificates, and similar privileges are accorded to its grad- 
uates in other institutions. A tuition fee of $35 per term admits to 
membership in any or all classes for which the pupil is prepared, 
except the Sloyd Grammar School, in which the fee is $30. 

ATKINSON'S SACRAflENTO BUSINESS COLLEGE, Sac 

ramento, E. C. Atkinson, A. M., President, has been in successful 
operation for more than twenty-five years without change of man- 
agement. Its patronage has been drawn from every State and 
territory of the Pacific coast, and many of its graduates occupy 
prominent positions. The aim of the school is eminently practical. 

ACADEflY OF THE SACRED HEART, 925 Franklin 
Street, San Francisco, is conducted by the Ladies of the Sacred 
Heart. The course embraces the whole range of subjects in- 
cluded in the usual academic curriculum, as well as those of the 
preparatory departments. Exceptional facilities are offered for 
the study of foreign languages. 

THE HAMLIN SCHOOL, formerly Van Ness Seminary, is a 
school for girls and young women, under the joint principalship of 
Miss Sarah D. Hamlin and Mrs. Edna Snell Poulson. The house 
is situated in the most beautiful residence portion of San Francisco, 
and from its elevated site commands a view of the city and its 
beautiful bay, of the Berkeley Hills and Mounts Tamalpias and 
Diablo. The aim of the management is twofold, namely, to pre- 
pare girls for any school or college open to women, and to provide 
thorough, well-ordered instruction for girls who, for any reason, do 
not contemplate a college course. The educational departments in- 
clude the various grades from primary to college preparatory, besides 
a two years' post-graduate course undere special direction of Miss 
Hamlin, who has been markedly successful in fitting students for 
entrance into the Eastern universities, and in directing advanced 
studies in English work and the classics. The school has a large 
and very complete library, and a well-equipped gymnasium which is 
under the direction of a qualified instructor. The resident pupils 
have also formed a rowing club which exercises weekly on Stow 
Lake, in Golden Gate Park. They are also taken, daily, for long 
walks, of which this interesting city, with its beautiful environment, 
affords a great number. The principals have the aid of a large 
faculty of trained instructors, and especial attention is paid to 
individual work with pupils. 

IRVING INSTITUTE, northeast corner of California and Bu- 
chanan Streets, San Francisco, the Rev. Edward B. Church, A. M., 
Principal, Mrs. Frances A. Church, Vice-Principal. This school 

16 



Cal. WHERE TO EDUCATE. San Jos t. 

aims at the symmetrical and harmonious development of the 
mental, moral, and physical powers of its pupils. It prepares 
for the University of California and for the Leland Stanford Junior 
University, to which graduates are admitted without examination 
on the recommendation of the principal, and also gives thorough 
preparation for any Eastern college admitting women. In addition 
to the primary, grammar, and academic departments, to the first 
of which boys are admitted, there is a four years' course in 
music, based upon Sir Charles Halle's Practical Pianoforte School. 
The school accommodates about thirty boarders. Terms for 
board, laundry, and tuition in English branches and Latin, $125 
per quarter of ten weeks. 

COLLEGE OF NOTRE DAME, San Jose, is an institution 
for young ladies, founded in 1851, and incorporated by the State 
Legislature in 1835. The grounds, ten acres in extent, are 
exceptionally beautiful, and the college buildings are large, well 
ventilated, and furnished with every modern convenience. Fresh 
vegetables and fruit are supplied from the college farm and 
orchard ; deep artesian wells supply the purest water. The 
college has well-appointed laboratories, museum, and studios. 
Careful attention is paid to manners, morals, and physical culture. 
Unusual opportunities are afforded for the study of music in 
its various branches. The aim of the institution is to unite in its 
plan of instruction every advantage which can contribute to an 
education of heart and mind, at once solid and refined. Com- 
munications should be addressed to the Sister Superior. The 
post-office address is College Notre Dame, San Jose, Cal. Board, 
tuition, and laundry per quarter amount to $75. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, San Jose, A. H. Randall, 
President, is one of the best known normal schools in the West. 
Between the years 1887 and 1897, inclusive, it graduated 1,386 
students, over ninety-three per cent, of whom have since engaged 
in teaching. The equipment and apparatus necessary for modern 
scientific instruction are quite complete. The professional work 
of the school has been strengthening of late from year to year, and 
the enrolment is large. Among the numerous courses manual 
training and kindergarten hold a place, and there is a short course 
especially adapted to high school graduates. 

THE WASHBURN SCHOOL, a university preparatory school 
for boys and girls, San Jose, Arthur Washburn, A. B., and Jessica 
T. Washburn, A. B., Principals. The opening of the Leland 
Stanford Junior University led to a demand, in the vicinity of 
San Jose, for a high-grade preparatory school. In response to 
that demand the Washburn School was established in September, 

17 



San Mateo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cal. 

1894, with a course of study based on the requirements of that 
university. Recommended graduates are admitted to the Leland 
Stanford Junior University without examination. In addition to 
the regular college preparatory course there is a sub-preparatory 
class and a primary department. A limited number of girls can 
be accommodated with board. 

ST. MARGARET'S SCHOOL, a boarding and day school 
for girls, San Mateo, the Rev. George Wallace, A. M., B. D., 
Rector and Principal. St. Margaret's has completed six years of 
successful work, and has established an excellent reputation. It 
aims to prepare its pupils to adorn the family and social circle 
with intellectual culture, graceful manners, and refined tastes. 
The scheme of instruction provides for thorough work in primary, 
intermediate, and academic departments. 

SELBORNE SCHOOL, San Rafael, the Rev. Charles Hitch- 
cock, B. A. (Trinity College, Cambridge, England), Principal, was 
founded in 1882, and the present property occupied in 1892. 
San Rafael is renowned for its ideal climate, and the school is 
located in its most attractive part, about one mile from the station 
of the North Pacific Railway. The construction of the buildings 
is the result of long and detailed study of other boys' schools. 
Boys of all ages are admitted, but the number of pupils is 
restricted. There are so many teachers in comparison to the 
number of students that the closest personal attention can be 
given to the intellectual and moral needs of each pupil. There is 
a well-furnished gymnasium, with a competent physical director. 
A course is given in Sloyd, and the importance of manual training 
as a factor in education is recognized throughout the course of 
study. The annual charge for tuition and residence is $500. 

SANTA BARBARA BUSINESS COLLEGE, Santa Barbara, 
E. B. Hoover, Principal, C. D. Hoover, Secretary, aims to give 
a thorough and practical knowledge of business. The course con- 
sists of an English or preparatory department, a regular business 
and a shorthand course. 

STOCKTON BUSINESS COLLEGE, Stockton, W. C. Ramsey, 
Principal, is a boarding and day school twenty-five years established. 
Including the business course there are seven regular departments, 
and during the past year one hundred have been graduated from 
the normal course. The average attendance is seven hundred 
students annually, representing the Western States, the Sandwich 
Islands, Japan, and Mexico. 

WATSON VI LLE HOflE SCHOOL, 24 Kearney Street, Wat 
sonville. This school was organized in 1889, and its object is to fit 
pupils for teachers' examinations, and to give individual instruc- 

18 



Colo. W.HERE TO EDUCATE. Boulder. 

tion to pupils not able to attend public schools. It is pleasantly 
located in one of California's beautiful valleys, and is conducted 
by Mrs. S. J. Kidder and two daughters. 

HOLY ROSARY ACADEMY, Woodland, conducted by the 
Sisters of the Holy Cross, maintains a high standard of scholar- 
ship, and aims to combine with it the atmosphere and influence of 
a Christian home. Music and art receive special attention. 

COLORADO. 

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO (co-educational), Boulder, Jas. 
H. Baker, LL. D., President. This University was incorporated by 
an act of the Territorial Legislature of 1861, and its location fixed 
at Boulder. In 1876, the Constitution of Colorado provided that r 
upon its adoption, the University should become an institution of 
the State, and further provided for its management and control. 
The University was opened in September, 1877, with two instructors 
and forty-four students. The support of the University is derived 
from a tax levy on the assessed valuation of the property of the 
State, and from large State appropriations and private bequests. 
The location of the University is in the finest scenery of the 
Rocky Mountain region, about an hour's ride from Denver. The 
buildings number twelve, all modern, thoroughly equipped, and 
each erected for a special department. All departments are sup- 
plied with modern apparatus, and the cabinets, art collection, and 
library are well selected and extensive. The University Faculty 
numbers seventy-five, and the departments of instruction are as 
follows : 

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS : Classical Course, leading to the 
degree of B. A. ; Philosophical Course, leading to the degree of 
B. Ph. ; Scientific Course, leading to the degree of B. S. 

GRADUATE COURSES, leading to the degrees M. A., M. S., and 
Ph.D. 

COLORADO SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCE: Civil Engineering, 
leading to the degree B. S. (C. E.) ; Electrical Engineering, lead- 
ing to the degree B. S. (E. E.) 

COLORADO SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. 

COLORADO SCHOOL OF LAW. 

Affiliated with the University, though separately organized, is 
the COLORADO STATE PREPARATORY SCHOOL, which offers free 
tuition to residents of the State. 

One point is worthy of emphasis : Many students now success- 
fully carrying on full work in this University were compelled to 
leave college in the East or elsewhere on account of ill health, 
but find that in the pure air of Colorado they are enabled both 
to complete their education and to regain strength. 

19 



Colorado Springs. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Colo. 

COLORADO COLLEGE, Colorado Springs. Founded in 1874. 
Though unsectarian in character, it affords the opportunity for 
advanced study under positive Christian influences. Courses 
lead to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, 
Bachelor of Science. Candidates for the Master's degree are 
received. Connected with the college are departments of art and 
of music. The Colorado College Scientific Society issues an 
annual publication with articles containing original research. The 
college edifices comprise, besides a large building for lecture- 
rooms, laboratories, and museum, a library building, an astro- 
nomical observatory, a gymnasium, one large residence hall for 
young men, and two halls for young women. A music and art 
building is in process of erection. There is a large college 
campus and a good athletic field. The world-renowned climate 
of Colorado Springs affords exceptional opportunity for out-door 
exercise. Students unable to work in other climates may here 
continue their studies, and at the same time make a perma- 
nent gain in health. Tuition, $35 per annum. Table board in 
clubs, $2.50 ; in Ticknor Hall, $4 per week. Rooms (warmed, 
lighted, and furnished), $i to $2 per week. 

CUTLER ACADEflY, Colorado Springs. It is named after 
a generous donor, Henry Cutler, of Massachusetts. Though 
primarily a fitting school for Colorado College, it provides a 
thorough preparation for any college in the United States. The 
courses of study extend over four years, and embrace both classi- 
cal and scientific branches. Tuition, $35 per annum. 

THE DENVER HOflEOPATHIC COLLEGE, S. S. Smythe, 
M. D., Dean ; David A. Strickler, M. D., Registrar. The faculty 
consists of twenty-nine professors and instructors. The college is 
new and modern in every particular; situated high and dry in 
the most beautiful residence portion of the city, while it is sur- 
rounded by public parks. The hospital is connected with the 
college, giving especial clinical facilities. The three features 
which it aims to make distinctive are : First, teaching, so far as 
possible, by assigned lessons and recitations ; second, monthly 
examinations ; third, clinical instruction. The school draws its 
students largely from Rocky Mountain districts, but has an appre- 
ciable number from all over the country, many of whom, because 
of our mild, short, and pleasant winters, find it practical to attend 
here when their health would not permit them to go elsewhere. 
Men and women are admitted on equal terms. Tuition, $100 per 
annum. Scholarship, $300. 



20 



Colo.. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Denver. 

THE DENVER NORflAL AND PREPARATORY SCHOOL, 

1543-45 Glenarm Street, Denver, Fred Dick, Principal. In Sep- 
tember, 1893, this school opened with but two departments. These 
were subsequently increased to eight, as follows : Normal, for the 
training of public school teachers ; kindergarten, in charge of Mrs. 
Margaret Grabill, for the training of teachers in kindergarten 
methods ; college preparatory, for fitting pupils for entrance to the 
leading universities and colleges ; grade, in which instruction is 
given in any of the eight grammar grades ; modern language, giv- 
ing instruction in French, German, and Spanish ; commercial, tak- 
ing up all commercial studies ; sloyd department, and department 
of reading, physical culture, drawing, and music. On the second 
and fourth Thursdays of every month the regular exercises are 
supplemented by a lecture by some person prominent in educational, 
political, or social circle, in Colorado. In October, 1898, a Mothers 1 
Class was organized for the systematic study of child life. Several 
free scholarships are conditionally offered to Colorado high school 
graduates. The tuition is moderate. 

LORETTO HEIGHTS ACADEMY, Loretto Heights, Den- 
ver, conducted by the Sisters of Loretto. This academy stands 
on the highest point between Denver and the mountain range 
that forms a background for the city. The new building, erected 
in 1890-91, at a cost of about a quarter of a million dollars, is 
considered one of the finest in the West. Those in charge of the 
institution have had long educational experience, and the courses 
of study, as well as the laboratories and all other appliances for 
work, are in every respect modern and complete. 

UNIVERSITY OF DENVER and Colorado Seminary (co- 
educational), Denver, William Fraser McDowell, S. T. D., Ph. D., 
Chancellor. This University, incorporated in 1880, while unsec- 
tarian, is under the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
The departments are as follows : College of Liberal Arts, School 
of Medicine, Iliff School of Theology, School of Law, School of 
Dentistry, School of Pharmacy, Graduate School, School of Music 
and Fine Arts, and Preparatory School. The Schools of Medi- 
cine, Law, Music, Dentistry, and Pharmacy are situated in the 
heart of Denver ; the College of Liberal Arts, Iliff School of The- 
ology, and the Preparatory School are located at University Park, 
which, though in the limits of the city, is forty minutes' ride from 
its centre. The University confers the following degrees : Bach- 
elor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Literature, Doctor 
of Medicine, Bachelor of Sacred Theology, Bachelor of Laws r 
Bachelor, of Music, Doctor of Dental Surgery, and Graduate in 
Pharmacy. Also the following graduate degrees on examination : 
Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master of Literature, Master 

21 



Denver. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Colo. 

of Laws, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Civil Law, and Doc- 
tor of Sacred Theology. There are excellent working laboratories 
and the foundation of a good library, with the splendid city libraries 
at the disposal of the students. This institution inaugurated the 
University Extension movement in Colorado, and is prepared to 
give numerous lecture courses annually. There were enrolled last 
year, in the various departments of the University, 598 students. 
There were conferred at the annual commencement fifty-eight 
degrees, all of them in cursu. Colorado Seminary was incorpor- 
ated March 5, 1864, and was the first of the institutions for 
higher learning to open in Colorado. The president of the 
Board of Trustees is Bishop Henry W. Warren, D. D., LL. D., 
the founder of the institution having been the late John Evans, 
M. D., second Governor of Colorado. The college and Medical 
School course is four years ; the School of Theology, School 
of Law, and School of Dentistry, three years. There were stu- 
dents last year from thirty-three different States and ten foreign 
countries. Dr. J. M. Buckley, editor of the Christian Advocate, 
New York, after a visit to the University, wrote : " I never saw 
such a view from any other University in Europe or America, nor 
one to be compared with it in grandeur. Hundreds of young men 
and women in the East who cannot pursue a course of study with- 
out loss of health, here thrive in that pure air. I found among the 
students many from the East who were carrying on their studies 
with success and with improved health." 

THE MISS WOLCOTT SCHOOL, a home and day school for 
girls, corner Marion Street and Fourteenth Avenue, Denver, Miss 
Wolcott, Principal, is intended primarily as a day school, but the 
principal receives a limited number of girls into her home. Boys 
are admitted to the younger grades of the day school only. The 
teachers are specialists in their chosen lines of work, and desirous 
of helping in every way the pupils committed to their care. There 
are kindergarten, primary, intermediate, and academic departments. 
The academic department prepares thoroughly for any woman's col- 
lege. Tuition and board for the year is $500. Tuition alone is $100 
per year in the academic, $80 in the intermediate, $80 in the primary, 
and $48 in the kindergarten departments. Art and music are extra. 

WOLFE HALL, Denver, Mrs. Lucia Olcott Streeter, Principal. 
As a preparatory school for the large Eastern colleges for women, 
Wolfe Hall stands alone among the schools of the State. Recently 
much attention has been paid to special courses, and the music, 
art, and literary departments have been especially developed. The 
kindergarten department is another strong feature. The school 
building contains 350 'rooms. The cost of board and tuition by 
the year is $300, and the tuition for day-pupils is from $40 to $60. 



Colo. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Greeley. 



THE STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, Fort Collins, was 
founded in 1879, under the act of Congress providing for the 
establishment of such institutions, and it has had a steady and re- 
markable growth. In 1880 the total number of students was 
twenty-five, and in 1898 there was an enrolment of 344. The 
principal courses of instruction are in agricultural subjects, with 
especial attention paid to hydraulics and engineering as applied to 
irrigation. A liberal schedule of studies is also pursued, includ- 
ing all the English branches, the sciences, and modern languages. 
Among the buildings are the chemical laboratory, horticultural and 
agricultural halls, mechanical engineering buildings, etc., the entire 
group being valued at over $250,000. 

STATE SCHOOL OF MINES, Golden, Regis Chauvenet, 
A. M., B. S., President, was established in 1874. The organization 
resembles that of the best technical schools, and probably no local- 
ity in the United States could be found richer in geological illus- 




STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, GREELEY, COLO, 

tration of the formations of various ages, affording abundant 
opportunities for practical instruction as well as exercise. For 
admission, candidates must be at least seventeen years of age, and 
must sustain examinations in English, geography, arithmetic, ele- 
ments of algebra, geometry, and zoology or biology. There are 
two full courses of study, viz. : Mining and metallurgical engineer- 
ing. Each covers a period of four years. The studies, however, 
are identical during the first year of all courses, beginning to 
diverge at the opening of the second year. The degrees given 
are : Engineer of Mines and Metallurgy (E. M.), Electrical Engi- 
neer (E. E.). Tuition is free to residents of Colorado. 

THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Greeley, Z. X. Snyder, 
Ph. D., President, is on the line of the Union Pacific Railway, fifty- 
two miles north of Denver. The city has prohibition laws, and is 
a place of churches and homes. The school was established by 

2 3 



Montdair. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Colo. 

an act of the Legislature of Colorado in 1889. The handsome 
building is situated in the midst of a campus of forty acres over- 
looking the city. A high standard of scholarship and professional 
training is maintained, and a diploma is equivalent to a life cer- 
tificate to teach in the schools of the State. Especial features 
are the model school and child study department and the kinder- 
garten department. Tuition is free, and other expenses are ex- 
tremely moderate. 

THE JARVIS HALL MILITARY ACADEMY, Montclair, the 
Rev. H. Kay Coleman, A. M., Rector, was founded in 1869. It is 
located at Montclair, a charming suburb of Denver. The present 
building, one of the most handsome and imposing in the West, 
was begun in 1888, and enlarged in 1890. It accommodates 
about one hundred students, and is supplied with every modern 
convenience. The grounds, which embrace over thirty acres, 
and contain baseball and football fields, tennis courts and golf 
links, provide opportunities for physical development, and the 
refined home life of the school contributes to social culture. Both 
the intellectual and military discipline are of the best. Tuition 
and board for the school year cost but $350. 

CONNECTICUT. 

THE COURTLAND SCHOOL, a day school for girls, 107 
Golden Hill, Bridgeport, Miss Frances A. Marble and Miss Mary 
J. Miner, Principals, was founded in 1891, and incorporated, under 
a special act of the State Legislature, in 1893. Its rapid growth 
has necessitated its removal to a larger building, and its equipment 
will soon be equal to all the demands of a modern academy. The 
school aims to give thorough and systematic instruction to girls 
and young women. Only the ablest and most experienced teach- 
ers are secured, and great pains are taken with beginners and 
all exceptional or backward cases. Students are prepared for any 
college open to women, and children at eight or nine years of age 
may enter the lower departments. Tuition varies, according to 
the class, from $80 to $150. 

PARK AVENUE INSTITUTE, for young men and boys, 
Bridgeport, Seth B. Jones, A. M., Principal. This school is 
situated in a quiet part of Bridgeport, on Long Island Sound, 
fifty-nine miles from New York, and eighteen miles from New 
Haven. Seaside Park, but five minutes' walk from the school, 
furnishes hard and smooth roads for bicycling, and plenty of room 
for football, baseball, and other manly sports that tend to keep the 
development of the body in pace with that of the mind. The 

24 



Conn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Brookfield Center. 

buildings were erected especially for school purposes, and are 
fully equipped with modern conveniences. Special pains are 
taken with pupils who are backward either from lack of oppor- 
tunity or because they have lost interest in study and become 
discouraged. Boys of any age are received, and their morals are 
carefully guarded. The curriculum includes classical, scientific, 
and commercial branches. Board, furnished room, and instruction 
in the primary and intermediate departments is $450; in the 
junior and senior departments, $500. 

UNION BUSINESS COLLEGE, Bridgeport, Fred Enos, 
Principal. The institution justly claims to be a school of system, 
discipline, and results. A practical business education may be 
acquired in bookkeeping, shorthand, and typewriting, and business 
men may be supplied with competent assistants. 

THE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, Bridgeport, Vincent C. Peck, 
Head Master, occupies three or four separate buildings in the best 
residential part of the city. The small classes give opportunity 
for individual attention to the needs of the students, and resident 
pupils are under the personal care and guidance of the head 
master or his assistant. The institution is divided into a Lower 
and an Upper School. Kindergarten and primary departments 
for boys and girls have recently been organized. The upper 
classes are for boys and young men only. Cultivation of common 
sense, self-reliance, and self-mastery are aimed at, and an all- 
round development, physical, mental, and moral, is the general 
object of the school. Terms per annum for resident pupils amount 
to $600. Tuition ranges from $32 to $150. 

THE CURTIS SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Brookfield Center, 
Frederick S. Curtis, Principal, is an undenominational private 
boarding school for twenty boys, in a quiet village in the western 
part of the State. Experience, a love for the boys and the work, 
a deep sense of the grave responsibility of the calling, and an 
untiring devotion to the needs of the pupils, have combined to 
make this school a successful development from the smallest begin- 
nings, and given it a unique character which is expressed in every- 
thing connected with it. Mr. Curtis, a Yale graduate, writes a 
little book about his work, which he will gladly send on applica- 
tion ; he takes entire charge of a boy, even to buying for his 
needs, and knows personally every phase of his school and home 
life. Boys are admitted, on first entrance, only under fourteen. 
The tuition for the year is $500. Preparation is given a boy for 
other preparatory schools, but not the immediate preparation for 
college. This work, dealing with the foundations of a boy's habits 
and methods, is very important. 

25 



Cheshire. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

THE CHESHIRE ACADEMY (The Episcopal Academy of 
Connecticut), Cheshire, Eri Davidson Woodbury, Principal. A 
boys' military boarding school, now in its io4th year, and one 
of the few schools in our country having a long history. It is 
located two and a half hours from New York, half an hour from 
New Haven, and has good telephone and telegraph connections. 
It gives preparation for college, scientific school, or business. The 
policy of discipline is to hold in restraint the evil in a boy while 
the nobler qualities are cultivated until they become dominant 
traits of character. 

GREENWICH ACADEMY, with home school for ten boys, 
Greenwich, J. H. Root, Principal, was incorporated seventy years 
ago. Twenty-eight miles from New York City, Greenwich occu- 
pies, according to the United States survey, the highest ground on 
the coast between Maine and Florida. In 1880 a home depart- 
ment was added to the academy. Ten boys are received into Mr. 
Root's family. The pupils being so few in number, and. so care- 
fully selected, each boy receives the individual training which his 
character and habits make necessary. The work of the educational 
course is comprehensive, extending from the primary department 
to the most thorough preparation for our best colleges or for busi- 
ness. The charge for the school year for boys under fifteen is 
$500 ; for boys over fifteen, $600. 

TRINITY COLLEGE, Hartford, the Rev. George Williamson 
Smith, D. D., LL. D., President. Washington College, of which 
Trinity is an outgrowth, was chartered by the Connecticut General 
Assembly in 1823, and its name was changed to the present one 
on the petition of the alumni and corporation in 1845. ^ n 1872 
the cellege campus was sold to the city as a site for the State 
capitol. This resulted in the purchase of another tract containing 
about eighty acres. In 1875 work was begun on new buildings, 
which were occupied in 1878. Five years later the central build- 
ing, Northern Towers, was completed, forming the west side of a 
quadrangle more than six hundred feet in length. On or near the 
campus stand also the colossal statue of Bishop Brownell, built 
1867; the St. John Observatory, 1883; the president's house, 
1885; the gymnasium and Alumni Hall, 1887 ; -and the Jarvis 
Hall of Science, 1888. The college library has a valuable collec- 
tion of about forty thousand volumes. In Jarvis Hall, besides well- 
provided chemical and physical laboratories, there are in the 
department of physics a number of rooms devoted to special work 
in light and electricity, together with a work-shop, dynamo, and 
engine-room. Candidates for entrance, who must have completed 
their fifteenth year, are admitted either by examination or on cer- 
tificate from certain approved schools. The college offers four 

26 



Conn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lakeville. 

courses : Arts, letters and science, science, letters. Each of 
these is a four years' course except the course in science, which is 
completed in three years. Graduates of the course in arts receive 
the B. A. degree ; of the course in letters and science or of that in 
science, B. S ; and of the course in letters, B. L. Under specified 
conditions the degree of M. A. is conferred upon Bachelors of Art 
of three years' standing. Special students are admitted. Trinity, 
while under Protestant Episcopal auspices, welcomes students of 
any faith or form of worship. Tuition is $100 per year. 

WOODSIDE SEHINARY, Hartford, Miss Sara J. Smith and 
Miss E. L. Smith, Principals. The location of this school is one 
of the most charming of Hartford. The accessibility of Hartford 
from all parts of the country commends it to parents seeking a 
desirable school and home for their daughters. The number of 




WOODSIDE SEMINARY. 



pupils is limited to twenty-five. The buildings are spacious and 
attractive, having sanitary plumbing, modern heating, and electric 
lighting. The ample grounds and well-equipped gymnasium give 
excellent opportunities for exercise. The design of the school is 
to prepare, by systematic practical training, for the positions the 
girls may be called to fill in the future, and to fit them, if desired, 
for a college course. The terms for board and tuition, including 
school text-books and limited plain laundry, are $700 per annum. 

THE HOTCHKISS SCHOOL, Lakeville (town of Salisbury), 
Edward G. Coy, M. A., Head Master. An endowed school for 
boys, founded in 1891, and opened for instruction October 19, 
1892. It is devoted exclusively to preparation for college or 
scientific school, according to the best standards. There are nine 
instructors, including the physical director, who has immediate 
supervision of the health and all the athletics of the school. The 
courses of study, both classical and scientific, cover four years. 
The government and discipline are intended to be wholly in the 

27 



Lakeville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

interest of trustworthy boys, and are conducted on the theory 
that a boy's sense of honor should be respected and encouraged 
to the utmost degree. Every boy must room alone. The annual 
charge covering tuition, board, rent, and care of furnished 
room, heat, and electric light is $600. A limited number of 
students, however, are regularly assisted in greatly reducing their 
expenses, and no ambitious boy need hesitate to apply for admis- 
sion to the school for lack of funds. No precise age is prescribed 
for admission ; but boys of fourteen usually have sufficient matu- 
rity for school life and the studies of the lowest class. The 
attendance not counting day scholars is limited at present 
to one hundred students. 

THE TACONIC SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Lakeville, Miss Eliza 
Hersey Lord, Principal ; Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler and Dr. 
Frank M. McMurry, of Columbia University, New York, advisers 
to the faculty. The school is especially adapted to young girls 
who must leave home at an early age. The methods employed 
are scientific, and adapted to the special needs of the individual 
pupil. College preparation is given, and the school certificate 
admits to Smith. Nature study and art expression are made 
specialties. The location in the Taconic Hills of the Berkshire 
region is unsurpassed for healthfulness. Physical culture, includ- 
ing golf, rowing, skating, and coasting, is under the direction of a 
trained gymnast. 

A SCHOOL FOR YOUNG BOYS, Lyme, Miss A. N. Griffin, 
Principal, was opened in 1893 by Mrs. Edward D. Griffin and her 
daughters, and is designed for a limited number of boys, too young 
for the pressure and routine of ordinary boarding-school life, and 
who need motherly care and watchful attention. The elementary 
studies are taught thoroughly, and Latin and French are begun, 
while care is taken that the physical development of the boys 
shall keep pace with the mental and moral improvement. By 
special arrangement boys can remain during vacations, or, if 
desired, entire charge will be taken of orphans or other children 
who need a permanent home while pursuing their studies. The 
terms are $400 per school year. 

THE MIDDLETOWN BUSINESS COLLEGE, Middletown, 
A. J. Harding, Principal, offers courses in bookkeeping, banking, 
shorthand, typewriting, telegraphy, and phonograph. Arithmetic, 
spelling, penmanship, grammar, commercial law, and correspond- 
ence are also included with the foregoing courses. There are no 
vacations, day sessions continuing during the entire year. Diplo- 
mas are awarded to those who pass the required examinations. 

28 



Conn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Haven. 

WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Bradford Paul Ray- 
mond, LL. D., President. Wesleyan, founded in 1831, is the oldest 
college established under the auspices of the M. E. Church. While in 
the liberal sense denominational, it is unsectarian. Its situation, half 
way between New York and Boston on the shortest railway route, 
is almost ideal, and the position of the buildings on extensive 
grounds in the highest part of the city further demonstrates the 
wisdom shown in choice of location. Wesleyan's reputation for 
scholarly work is well established. The college is constantly 
willing to sacrifice numbers to quality, and the terms of admission 
are severe. There are three courses of study leading to degrees : 
Classical, Latin-scientific, and scientific. The range of elective 
studies after the freshman year is very wide. In natural science 
the work of the college is especially strong. Some of the investi- 
gations carried on in the Wesleyan laboratories, notably the inves- 
tigations in the chemistry of food under Prof. W. O. Atwater, and 
those in bacteriology especially with regard to the bacilli of butter 
under Prof. H. W. Conn, have won reputation not only in this 
country but abroad. Wesleyan was a pioneer in post-graduate in- 
struction. Not fewer than thirteen out of the sixteen regular depart- 
ments offer courses for graduate students. Training of the body 
keeps pace with intellectual culture. The Fayerweather Gymna- 
sium is one of the best equipped in New England, and the new 
athletic field is among the finest of its class. The college build- 
ings are valued at about half a million dollars. The endowment 
amounts to nearly $1,300,000, and a large number of scholarships 
are devoted to the benefit of needy and deserving students. An- 
nual expenses, not including board, average $147. Women are 
admitted to all the courses. 

MYSTIC VALLEY ENGLISH AND CLASSICAL INSTI- 
TUTE, boarding and day school for both sexes, Mystic, J. K. 
Bucklyn, A. M., LL. D., Principal. This Institute was founded in 
1863 and chartered in 1880. Three courses are offered, college, 
normal, and business. The leading colleges admit, without exam- 
ination, graduates of this school. The instruction is individual, 
so that bright students are not retarded and slow students are 
helped in their work. The rates are low ; opportunities are given 
for a few students to work out a part of the expense, so that 
young persons of energy may graduate here with limited means. 

MRS. CADY'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, a family and day 
school, Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, was opened in 1870. 
The school is finely situated, and has large grounds shaded by 
old elms. It is well equipped for work in history,, science, and 
the languages, possessing a good library of reference books, with 
maps, charts, and every possible aid to study. The staff of in- 

29 



New Haven. WHERE TO EDUCATE. - Conn. 

structors includes a native French teacher of ability and a 
thorough German teacher. Instruction in the classics is given by 
graduates of Smith and Vassar. Mrs. Cady, assisted by Miss 
Cady, devotes her entire time to the supervision of every depart- 
ment of the school. Superior advantages are offered for the 
study of art and art history. The galleries of Yale University, 
together with its frequent courses of art lectures, are valuable 
adjuncts to the daily instruction given by Miss Cady, who is a 
careful student of the foreign galleries. The scientific lectures 
and orchestral concerts at Yale are also open to the pupils of this 
school. A suitable introduction to the principal is expected from 
any one applying for admission. Students completing the college 
preparatory course are admitted to the women's colleges, without 
exception, by certificate. 

HOPKINS GRAMMAR SCHOOL, New Haven, George L. 
Fox, Rector, was founded in 1660, and has prepared more boys 
for Yale than any other school, except Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Mass. It is a "grammar school " in the English sense, as prepar 
ing boys for the universities, and not in the American sense, as a 
public school, which sends its graduates to the high school. Its 
special aim is to give thorough preparation to boys for college 
and scientific schools, and, judged by the record of its graduates 
in the entrance examinations for Yale, it stands in the front rank 
of successful preparatory schools. This gratifying result has 
been obtained through the fact that all the classes are small, and 
are in the hands of expert teachers of large experience. It espe- 
cially encourages earnest boys to make rapid progress in their 
work in the belief that boys should enter college as soon after 
eighteen as possible. 

MISS WHEDON'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS AND BOYS, 

33 Wall Street, New Haven, is fortunate in its situation on a cen- 
tral yet quiet street, and in its large and attractive schoolrooms. 
Its aim is to furnish the best advantages for girls and boys from 
the age of five to their entrance to college. Thorough prepara- 
tion for college is given. The individual pupil is carefully con- 
sidered. Constant effort is made, not only to give the best teach- 
ing in the regular class work, but at the same time to open the 
eyes and minds of the scholars to all that is best in the world 
around them. 

YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, the Rev. Timothy Dwight, 
LL. D., President, was founded in 1701 by a number of clergymen 
resident in Connecticut. The charter obtained from the colony 
Legislature provided for a collegiate school with a rector, tutors, 
and ushers who might grant "degrees or licences;" its affairs 

30 




Conn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Haven. 

were to be managed by trustees, all of whom must be clergymen. 
An annual grant equivalent to about 60 was voted by the 
colony. The school was established at Saybrook, and provision 
was made for a three years' course leading to the baccalaureate 
degree, and a further one of equal length leading to the master's 
degree. For the next decade or two the fortunes of the institution 
met with many reverses. The war from 1710 to 1713 hindered 
its growth, and an unfortunate altercation arose among the trustees 
regarding the site. Although in 1717 the first college hall was 
built at New Haven, which city had made a liberal offer of money 
and land, the students not only continued their courses at Say- 
brook as well as at New Haven, but also (under private tutors) 
at Wethersfield, Hartford, and East Guilford. In 1717 commence- 
ments were held and degrees granted both at Wethersfield and 
New Haven. This division of opinion was ended by Elihu Yale, 
of London, formerly Governor of Madras, who, in compliance with 
Cotton Mather's plea for aid accompanied by the promise to be- 
stow the former's name upon the school, sent substantial gifts to the 
struggling institution. A vote of thanks given to the donor by 
both houses of the Legislature induced him to further benefactions ; 
thenceforth the name and location of the college were assured. The 
change of faith in 1722 of several tutors from the Congregational 
to the Episcopal Church led to their enforced withdrawal, and 
several years followed when the college was without adequate 
instruction. A thoroughly revised charter, granted by the Assem- 
bly in 1745, organized the governing body into a corporate so- 
ciety to be called the President and Fellows of Yale College in New 
Haven. Stormy years followed; bloody riots between town and* 
gown occasionally resulted in deaths ; and actual pitched battles 
between student organizations were not infrequent. Meanwhile 
the academical department was strengthening each year, though the 
regular professional schools were not added, unless we except 
the affiliated medical institution out of which the Medical School 
grew, until as late as the presidency of Jeremiah Day, which began 
in 1817. The Divinity and Law Schools were followed by the 
Graduate School (1847), and the Sheffield Scientific School (1859). 
It was not until 1887 that Yale College was formally raised to the 
rank and title of Yale University. There are four general depart- 
ments in the University, each under its own faculty of instruction : 
The Department of Philosophy and the Arts, the Department of 
Theology ; the Department of Medicine, the Department of Law. 
The first-named department includes four separately organized sub- 
departments, the Academical Department, the Sheffield Scientific 
School, the Scho.ol of the Fine Arts, and the Department of 
Music ; it also embraces the Graduate School under the combined 
faculty of the department. The University library, the observa- 



New London. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

tory, and the Peabody Museum of Natural History are organized 
independently of the special departments, and are related to the 
interests of the whole University. The degrees awarded by Yale in- 
clude A. B., B. S., M. A., M. LL., B. C. L., B. D., B. LL., B. Ph., C. E., 
M. E., LL. D., M. D., Ph. D. Admission to the academical depart- 
ments is by examination only. The library of the University con- 
tains about 240,000 volumes, not including special libraries in the 
several departments. The buildings number nearly thirty, and 
include, perhaps, the best-equipped gymnasium in the world. 
More than $30,000 is annually offered by the corporation for the 
relief of needy students. Tuition in the college and Sheffield 
Scientific School is $155 per year; in the Law School, $110, if 
paid in advance, otherwise more; in the Medical School, $140 for 
each of the first three years, $50 together with diploma fee of 
$30 for the senior year; in the Graduate School (average), $100. 

WILLIAMS MEMORIAL INSTITUTE, a school for girls, 
New London, Colin S. Buell, M. A., Principal, was chartered in 
1881 in accordance with the will of Mrs. Harriet Peck Williams, 
of Norwich, Conn., which provided for its foundation as a memo- 
rial to her son, Mr. Thomas W. Williams, 2d, an eminent citizen 
and successful whaling merchant of New London. The curriculum 
of the school has been developed with a view to giving its gradu- 
ates a broad and sound mental training. The elective principle 
has been introduced with good results. Monthly reports are sent 
to the parents for signature. No formal examinations are held, 
and no prizes are offered. No tuition fee is charged to any student, 
only an incidental fee of $5 per term. 

INGLESIDE, a school for girls, New Milford, Litchfield County, 
was founded in June, 1892, by Mrs. William D. Black, the present 
patroness. It has a fine equipment and comfortable appointments. 
The musical and physical departments are especially strong and 
the studio advantages are unusual. A thorough course of study 
with graduation prepares for college if desired, but the school is 
intended to be a finishing rather than a preparatory school. The 
limit to the number of pupils is about sixty. The corps of instruc- 
tors and chaperons numbers twenty. 

MISS WELLS' KINDERGARTEN AND PRIMARY 
SCHOOL, New Milford, was established in January, 1878. It is 
a day school for girls and boys, and has always been conducted by 
Miss M. C. Wells, ably assisted by her sister, Miss L. E. Wells. 
The number is limited to thirty pupils during one session. Many 
families from distant States and cities have resided in the town, 
for a time, to procure the advantages of this preparatory school for 
their children. The tuition is according to the attendance and age 
of the pupil. 

32 



Conn. ' 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Newtown. 



UPSON SEMINARY, a home school for boys and young men, 
New Preston, the Rev. Henry Upson, Principal. The school 
began in 1869 with very few pupils, their number being increased 
to fifteen in 1878. Its purpose is to secure the best health, the 
best scholarship and the best character. Thorough preparation 




| 



REV. HENRY UPSON. 



is given for college and scientific schools. Recreation and amuse- 
ments are encouraged, especially out-door sports, and both the 
gymnasium and athletic field are large and well appointed. The 
ordinary expense for tuition, board, fuel, light, etc., is $450. 

THE NEWTOWN ACADEMY, Newtown, Fairfield County, H. 
B. MacFarland, B. Sc., Principal, is located in a picturesque and 
healthful town. It is for day pupils and offers courses preparatory 
for college, scientific school, and the classified civil service. The 

33 



Norfolk. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

principal will obtain board and room for any one so desiring, in 
private families, at $4.50 per week. Tuition is $36 per year. 

THE ROBBINS SCHOOL, Norfolk, Howard W. Carter, M. A., 
Principal, was founded in 1884 by two grandchildren of the Rev. 
Ammi Ruhamah Robbins. Norfolk is peculiarly adapted by its 
beauty and healthfulness to be the seat of an educational institu- 
tion. The leading purpose of the school is to give to those desir- 
ing it a thorough preparation for any American college or scien- 
tific school, and in addition there is offered to such as may wish to 
finish their school life here, a liberal course of study. The annual 
charge for tuition in all subjects, except drawing and music, is $60. 
The principal will receive into his family a limited number of boys. 

MISS BAIRD'S INSTITUTE, a home school for girls and 
young ladies, Norwalk, Miss Cornelia F. Baird, Principal, has 
been established over twenty years, and has won reputation for its 
thorough instruction and its homelike and cultured atmosphere. 
The school buildings consist of four large houses and a gymnasium. 
The number of boarding-pupils is limited, thus securing to each 
the personal attention of the principal. The course of instruction 
includes primary, preparatory, academic, and college preparatory 
departments. Board and tuition in English and Latin courses, 
French or German, class singing, and physical training, is $500 a 
year. For day-pupils the tuition is $75 to $100. 

MRS. MEAD'S SCHOOL, Hillside," Norwalk, Mrs. Melville 
Emory Mead, Principal. This well-known school for girls was 
founded in Darien, Conn., in 1883, and was removed to its present 
location in 1889. Its aim is that of fostering a well-proportioned 
womanhood, and its influences are those of a cultured Christian 
home. Noteworthy features are the unity of teachers and pupils, 
the loyalty of the townspeople, and the sincerity and unpretentious- 
ness of the educational work. There are ten instructors. Grad- 
uates in the college preparatory course are admited to Wellesley, 
Vassar, and other colleges without examination. The general 
expenses, including board, are $550 per annum. 

THE NORWALK PREPARATORY SCHOOL, Norwalk. 
Carl A. Harstrom, A. M., Principal, is a boarding and day school 
for boys, giving thorough preparation for college. 

THE NORWALK UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, a boarding and 
day school for boys, Norwalk, W. G. Chase, A. B., Head Master. 
The school was founded in 1855, by the Rev. C. M. Selleck, and 
was for many years famous as the Selleck School. In 1897 it was 
entirely reorganized under the present name. The aim of the 
school is to develop the individuality of the boy, and to prepare 
him carefully physically, mentally and morally - for college or 

34 



Conn. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Southport. 

business life. In the lower form boys are received after the com- 
pletion of the regular kindergarten course. Upon entering the 
upper form, four courses are open to them, two college preparatory 
and two finishing. A well-equipped gymnasium, under a trained 
director, bowling alley, and extensive athletic grounds afford every 
advantage for the physical development of the boy. The school 
is strictly a private one, in which individual attention is exercised 
in all instruction. The faculty consists of young experienced 
instructors with thoroughly modern ideas. Four qualifications are 
deemed necessary in the instructors. These are : Perfect morals, 
high scholarship in a first class college or university, devotion to 
the profession of teaching, and personal magnetism. The terms 
per annum for boarding pupils in the lower form are $425 ; in the 
upper, $450. 

NORWICH FREE ACADEMY (co-educational), Norwich, 
Robert P. Keep, Principal. This school, incorporated in 1854, was 
opened in 1856 with eighty pupils. It is liberally endowed, and 
supplies the place of a high school for Norwich. The work of the 
academy is carried on in three buildings : The Academy Building, 
the Slater Memorial Building, which includes a library of 12,000 
books and a museum of fine arts embracing valuable collections of 
casts and photographs, and the Manual Training Building, which 
includes a forge shop, wood-working shop, and machine shop. 
The academy gives preparation for college, professional school, 
and business, and has three courses corresponding with this aim, 
the classical, scientific, and general. Connected with the aca- 
demic department is an art school, having three instructors and 
eighty students. In the academic department there is a nominal 
charge to non-resident pupils for tuition and to resident pupils for 
incidentals. Fees in the art classes are moderate but vary widely 
with the course taken. 

BOXWOOD SCHOOL, Old Lyme, Mrs. Richard Sill Griswold, 
Principal, is situated two miles from Long Island Sound and one 
mile from the Connecticut River, about midway between New 
York and Boston. The buildings are commodious, and are sup- 
plied with all modern conveniences. The extensive grounds, 
covering twenty acres, and the ample gymnasium afford opportu- 
nity for physical exercise. Two courses are offered, the college 
preparatory and the elective. The school is non-sectarian. 
Board and tuition, not including extras is $550 per year. 

SEASIDE SEMINARY, Southport, Miss Augusta Smith, 
Principal, is a school for young women and children, with courses 
preparatory for college. Individual training is given backward 
children, and special care is taken to encourage a desire for knowl- 
edge. The terms vary from $300 to $500 a year. 

35 



Stamford. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

BETTS ACADEMY, Stamford, William James Betts, M. A., 
Principal, was founded by James Betts at North Stamford, Conn., 
in 1838. In 1840 Mr. Betts removed it to Wilton, Conn., and in 
1844 it was permanently located in North Stamford. In 1870 
William James Betts, son of the founder, was graduated from 
Yale and became associated in the management of the academy 
with his father. Upon the death of the latter, in 1885, tne son 
became principal. The main building was erected in 1844, an d 
has been enlarged and renewed from time to time, in 1894 being 
practically rebuilt. The academy prepares for the best colleges 
and scientific schools, and gives a practical training to those who 
go directly from the academy into business life. It offers three 
courses, classical, scientific, and business, and advantages for 
students to save time in preparation. The most marked features 
are the home life and individual attention. The charge for board 
and tuition during the academic year is $500. 

THE CATHARINE AIKEN SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Stamford, 
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Scoville Devan, Principal, has a foundation 
of forty-three years' success upon which to base its reputation for 
satisfactory work. Situated in the residence portion of Stamford, 
it is equipped with adequate building accommodations and with 
attractive lawns, walks, and drives. Special care is given to the 
home life in the school, and nothing is neglected that goes to 
make up well developed womanhood. After the kindergarten 
and primary classes, the school offers three courses of study : 
College preparatory, academic, and special. In order that pupils 
may have individual attention the membership of classes is limited. 
Terms per year for day pupils range from $50 in the kindergarten 
to $150 in the senior year. Board and tuition amounts to $550 
for pupils under twelve years, and $650 for pupils over twelve 
years. 

MISS LOW'S BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, Stamford, is one of the best known schools in Connecti- 
cut. It is conducted by the Misses Low and Heywood, and is 
the largest private school for girls in the city. It was established 
over thirty years ago by Mrs. C. E. Richardson, and has been 
conducted by the present principals since 1883. The number of 
pupils is limited in the boarding department, and all the classes 
are small, so as to render the instruction practically individual. 
Thirteen instructors have the various departments in charge, and 
correct habits of study are inculcated. Pupils are prepared for 
college, or may take the regular school course, which carries them 
beyond the requirements necessary for admission to college. Lec- 
tures are provided on literary and scientific subjects, and the 
young ladies have the privilege of visiting the art galleries and 

36 



Conn.. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Washington. 

also of attending, if desired, suitable entertainments in New York 
City. The principals endeavor to combine thorough scholarship 
with general culture, and rather to encourage an habitual self- 
control than to enforce a formal obedience. 

MR. KING'S SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Bedford Street, Stamford, 
Hiram U. King, Principal. The schoolhouse is thoroughly lighted, 
heated, and ventilated. The educational aim is to afford a thorough 
preparation for college or for business. Boys are received as 
soon as they can read, and are classed according to advancement, 
in six forms. The tuition in the first, second, and third forms is 
$100 ; in the fourth, $125 ; and in the fifth and sixth, $150. Ten 
pupils are received as boarders for $600 per year, including all 
extras. 

CONNECTICUT LITERARY INSTITUTION, a boarding 
academy for boys, Suffield, Andrew J. Sloper, President, H. L. 
Thompson, Principal. The school maintains the highest ideals 
of scholarship and moral character. The principal's certificate 
admits to the various colleges. The buildings have modern 
furnishings, and the rates vary according to rooms. 

THE GUNNERY, a family school for boys, Washington, Litch- 
field County, John C. Brinsmade, Principal. The Gunnery was 
founded about 1850 by Mr. F. W. Gunn. The school became 
well known ; writers made it the subject of newspaper and maga- 
zine articles, and under the name, " Birds' Nest," Dr. J. G. Holland 
introduced it into his novel, "Arthur Bonnicastle." In 1874 
Mr. John C. Brinsmade, a graduate of Harvard, and a nephew 
of Mrs. Gunn, became an assistant in the school. In 1876 he 
married Mr. Gunn's daughter, and on the death of Mr. Gunn, in 
1 88 1, he became principal of the school, Mrs. Brinsmade sharing 
with her husband the duties of the management. Washington, 
well known as a health resort, is at an elevation of about nine 
hundred feet above the sea level. The Gunnery grounds com- 
prise about fifty acres of open, land and woods, hill and vale. The 
buildings are on the southern slope of the village hill, and all 
the boys' rooms have a sunny exposure. An abundance of pure 
running water is supplied from springs on an eastern hillside. 
There are accommodations for about thirty boys, and, in general, 
the only requirement for admission is good character. Pupils are 
prepared for any college or scientific school. For admission to 
Harvard, examination is held at the school. 

THE RIDGE SCHOOL for ten boys, established by Mr. W. G. 
Brinsmade in 1894, is allied with the Gunnery for purposes of 
mutual advantage. The annual charge is $500. 

37 





38 



Conn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Winsted. 

ST. MARGARET'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Waterbury, the 
Rev. Francis T. Russell, D. D., Rector, Miss Mary R. Hillard, 
Principal, has a charming location upon a hillside in the resident 
part of the city, with attractive lawn of sufficient size to ensure an 
abundance of air and sunshine. The building is steam-heated, 
and furnished with modern conveniences. It is the desire of those 
in charge to make the atmosphere essentially homelike. A 
thorough preparation for college is given. There are excellent 
music and art departments, a kindergarten department in charge 
of specialists, and instruction in Swedish gymnastics. Charges 
for the year, including board and tuition, $500. 

WATERBURY BUSINESS UNIVERSITY, formerly Marring 
ton's Business College, Waterbury, C. B. Post, President. Three 
courses of study are offered : Commercial, shorthand and type- 
writing, and practical English. The average time required for 
completing either one of these courses is about one school year. 

STATE NORMAL TRAINING SCHOOL, Willimantic, George 
P. Phenix, Principal. The object of this school is to fit young 
men and women to teach in the common schools of Connecticut, 
and applicants must sign a declaration of such intention. Four 
courses of study are offered. The general course prepares teach- 
ers for secondary school work ; the kindergarten course for kin- 
dergarten work ; the third course affords advanced professional 
training in pedagogy ; and the fourth, preparation for the teaching 
of art in the common schools. Tuition and text-books are free. 

HAYDEN HALL, Windsor, Miss J. S. Williams, Principal, is 
a family school for young women. It prepares thoroughly for 
college, and graduates are received without further examination at 
Wellesley, Smith, Wells, and Mt. Holyoke. A limited number 
of pupils are received into the family of the principal, and special 
instruction and care is given motherless or backward children. 
Great regard is paid to manners and health. Since the founding 
of the school in 1867 no case of serious illness has occurred 
among the pupils. The expenses average $450 per year. 

THE GILBERT SCHOOL, Winsted, J. E. Clarke, Ph. D., 
Principal, was founded by William L. Gilbert, of Winchester, 
Conn., who died in June, 1890, leaving over half a million dollars 
for the establishment of a school " to afford such assistance and 
means of educating the young as will help them to become good 
citizens." The Gilbert School was opened for the reception of 
pupils in September, 1895, and was incorporated by act of the 
General Assembly of Connecticut in January, 1895. The build- 
ings and grounds are adapted to school purposes, and during the 
past year an athletic field has been secured. The courses offered 

39 



Woodbury. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Conn. 

are the general, scientific, and college, covering four years each. 
Pupils who are fitting for higher institutions are recommended to 
remain in the school five years. The tuition is free to pupils 
residing in the town of Winchester ; others must pay $40 per 
year. 

PARKER ACADEMY, Woodbury, Edward S. Boyd, M. A. 
(Amherst), Principal, offers a four years' course preparatory to 
college. The locality is healthful. The rates are low. 

WOODSTOCK ACADEMY, Woodstock, E. R. Hall, A. B. 
(Yale), Principal, was founded in 1801, although its first building 
was not opened for school purposes until February, 1802. The 
present building was erected and the fund largely increased in 
1873, since which year the growth of the institution has been 
marked. The academy is co-educational, and gives preparation 
for college and scientific school. Through the generosity of 
patrons the tuition is nominal. 

DELAWARE. 

DELAWARE COLLEGE, Newark, George A. Harter, M. A., 
Ph. D., President, is the only college in the State. It was char- 
tered in 1833, and was opened to students in May, 1834. It took 
an important part in the educational work of the vicinity until 
1859, when by a series of misfortunes the work was forced to a 
close. In 1870 the college doors were again opened, having been 
designated by act of the State Legislature as a beneficiary under 
the Act of Congress, known as the " Merrill Bill." In 1887 the 
college was benefited by the " Hatch Bill," and again in 1890 by 
the " New Morrill Bill." Stimulated by the increased income 
provided by this last act, Delaware College has, within the past 
eight years, enlarged her corps of instructors and greatly increased 
her equipment of apparatus and appliances, so that now she is 
well able to perform her' appointed duty. By the terms of her 
benefits this duty is " without excluding other scientific and 
classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such 
branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the me- 
chanic arts," and to give instruction in " the English language 
and the various branches of mathematical, physical, natural, and 
economic sciences, with special reference to their applications in 
the industries of life." It offers seven courses, each leading to a 
degree : Classical, Latin scientific, agricultural, general science, 
civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engi- 
neering. Tuition is free to all residents of Delaware, but to 
others it is $60 per year. 

40 



D. C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Washington. 

FRIENDS' SCHOOL, West Street, Wilmington, Enos L. Doan, 
A. B., Principal, the oldest school in Delaware, was founded in 
1748. A part of the walls of the school building of that time are 
now included in the present structure. In 1786 the classics and 
higher mathematics were introduced under the principalship of 
John Webster. Among his pupils were James A. Bayard, Louis 
McLane, and Caesar A. Rodney, who became United States Sena- 
tors. The school continued to be a conservative institution, fitting 
for college on the old-fashioned curriculum until 1881, when Isaac 
T. Johnson became principal. Under his management new build- 
ings were erected, and the number of pupils more than doubled. 
Physical and chemical laboratories were equipped, physical culture 
was introduced, and the school became modern in all respects. 

THE MISSES HEBB'S SCHOOL, Franklin Street, Wilming- 
ton. This is probably the best known boarding and day school 
for girls in the State. It offers college, preparatory, and elective 
courses. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

WASHINGTON. 

ACADEMY OF THE VISITATION, Connecticut Avenue. 
This academy for young ladies, established in 1850, is conducted 
by the Sisters of the Visitation, and, while a Catholic school, re- 
ceives pupils of all religious denominations. A limited number 
of boarders are admitted, and particular attention is given to their 
health and social culture. Board and tuition in English and 
French is $150 per session of twenty weeks. 

CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA, the Rt. Rev. Mgr. 
Thomas J. Conaty, D. D., J. C. D., Rector, Daniel W. Shea, Ph. D., 
General Secretary. The University was incorporated under the laws 
of the District of Columbia in 1885. It is located on extensive 
grounds about three miles from the Capitol. The divisions of the 
University are as follows : 

THE FACULTY OF DIVINITY The School of the Sacred Sciences : 
Departments of the Biblical sciences, dogmatic science, moral 
science, and historical science. 

THE FACULTY OF PHILOSOPHY The School of Philosophy: 
Department of philosophy proper ; the School of Letters : Depart- 
ments of Sanskrit language and literature and comparative 
philogy, Semitic and Egyptian language and literature, Latin 
language and literature, Greek language and literature, Celtic 
language and literature, English language and literature ; the 
School of the Physical Sciences : Departments of astronomy, 
chemistry, mathematics, physics, and mechanics ; the School of 



Washington. WHERE TO EDUCATE. D. C. 

the Biological Sciences : Department of botany ; the School of the 
Social Sciences : Departments of sociology, politics, and economics. 

THE FACULTY OF LAW The Professional School of Law and 
the University School of Law. 

THE BOARD OF INSTRUCTION OF TECHNOLOGY The School 
of the Technological Sciences : Departments of applied mathe- 
matics, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical 
engineering. 

Expense for board and lodging need not exceed $25 a month. 
Tuition is $75 per year for matriculated students. Special students 
pay fees proportionate to the work taken. 

CHENOWETH INSTITUTE, a boarding and day school for 
young ladies and girls, 1342 and 1344 Vermont Avenue, Miss 
Mary C. Davenport Chenoweth, A. M., Principal. The course of 
instruction embraces all studies included in a thorough education, 
French, German, and Spanish being taught by eminent teachers. 
Especial advantages are offered to students of music and art 
also in the way of concerts and lectures. Besides the ordinary 
branches, bookkeeping, stenography and typewriting, are elective. 
The terms for board and tuition for the year are $500. 

FRIENDS' SELECT SCHOOL, Thomas W. Sidwell and 
Frances Haldeman-Sidwell, Principals. The school was started 
under its present management fifteen years ago, and its growth 
has been rapid. It is co-educational, and prepares for the best 
colleges and technical schools. The equipment includes a chemi- 
cal and physical laboratory, and a new gymnasjum which contains 
a complete set of Sargent apparatus. There are three depart- 
ments, primary, intermediate, and high school. The annual 
expense, including text-books, varies from $90 in the primary 
department to $135 in the high school. 

GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, the Rev. John D. Whitney, 
S. J., President. The University consists of the College, the School 
of Medicine, and the School of Law. The College comprises four 
distinct departments : the graduate school, the collegiate or under- 
graHuate department, the preparatory department, and the astro- 
nomical observatory. Georgetown College was founded in the year 
1789, by the Rev. John Carroll, afterward the first Archbishop of 
Baltimore. In 1805 it was transferred to the Fathers of the 
Society of Jesus, under whose control and direction the University 
still remains. In 1815 it was authorized by Congress to confer 
degrees, and similar authority to grant degrees in philosophy and 
theology was obtained from the Holy See in 1833. The college is 
situated on Georgetown Heights, overlooking the city of Washing- 
ton and the Potomac River. The site is singularly healthful, and 

42 



D. C. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Washington. 



the climate exceptionally mild. The buildings are seven in num- 
ber, surrounded by beautiful grounds, seventy-eight acres in extent. 
The baseball and football field is 525 feet in length and 425 feet 
in width, and is enclosed by a running track, fifteen feet wide and 
over a quarter of a mile long. A large and elegant grand stand 
has recently been erected. Athletic sports in competition with 
other leading colleges are encouraged and directed by a com- 
mittee, under the supervision of a member of the faculty. The 
course of studies in the preparatory department is on a grade with 
that of the best high schools. It embraces three years of twenty- 
six hours a week, ten and one-half of which are devoted to Latin, 




the rest to Greek, English, mathematics, and French or German. 
Boys of this department have their dormitories, study hall, play- 
ground, etc., separated from the older students. The college 
course is of four years for the A. B. degree ; three years are given 
to the classics, English, mathematics, modern languages, and chem- 
istry, whilst during senior year the lectures are on mental and 
moral philosophy, and the natural sciences. The course is pre- 
scribed, and occupies twenty-six hours weekly. No student receives 
the Bachelor's degree without having passed examinations in Latin, 
Greek, English literature, composition in prose and verse, rhetoric, 
history, mathematics (including the calculus), chemistry, both gen- 
eral and analytical, physics, mechanics, geology, mental and moral 

43 



Washington. WHERE TO EDUCATE. D. C. 

philosophy. The laboratories are large and well equipped. In 
the graduate school a second year of philosophy is studied, with 
electives in modern languages and literatures, history, natural 
sciences, art, and mathematics for -the Master's degree ; also a 
third year for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Information 
concerning the law and the medical schools will be furnished on 
application. The number of instructors last year in all branches 
was 117, the number of students was 684. Students of the pre- 
paratory and college departments, whose homes are at a distance, 
are expected to board in the college, where an excellent table is 
provided, and every care taken for the comfort of the boys. 
Those of the college classes may occupy private rooms. No 
distinction is made in the reception of students on the ground of 
religious belief, but all boarders are required to be present at 
the public exercises of religion. The expenses, including tuition, 
board, lodging, washing, and medical aid for the scholastic year 
are $337 ; for private room, with heat, light, and attendance, $80 
extra. Music, stenography, Spanish, German, and Italian, drawing 
or painting, form extra charges. 

GONZAGA COLLEGE, the Rev. John F. Galligan, S. J., 
President. This college, under the direction of the Fathers of the 
Society of Jesus, was chartered by Congress and empowered to 
grant degrees in 1858. It is intended for day students only, and 
admits non-Catholic pupils. The system of education in the 
classical course accords with the principles of the ratio studio rum 
which has been followed by every Jesuit college for more than two 
hundred years, and which for over one hundred years was the only 
system of Christian education in Europe. The two courses are the 
classical and the non-classical. Great attention is paid to religious 
culture, though Protestants are not required to attend any dis- 
tinctively Catholic service. Every opportunity is provided for 
physical development, and besides the use of the gymnasium, regu- 
lar military drill, under the direction of a military officer, is a fea- 
ture of the institution. The tuition is $10 per scholastic quarter. 

HOWARD UNIVERSITY, the Rev. Jeremiah Eames Rankin, 
D. D., LL. D., President, was established by the United States 
government, chiefly through the instrumentality of Gen. O. O. 
Howard. Excepting the medical department, in which alone 
tuition fees are charged, the institution is under immediate gov- 
ernment support. All nationalities are welcomed, and the Commis- 
sioner of Education has pronounced the University the leader in 
the higher education of the Afro-American race. The elevated 
and beautiful site for the college buildings is at the northern edge 
of the city on a twenty-acre campus and fronting a park of ten 
acres. The buildings include the University, Law, and Medical 

44 



D. C* WHERE TO EDUCATE. Washington. 

buildings ; Spaulding Industrial Hall ; Clark Hall, set apart for 
young men, and Miner Hall, devoted to young women students. The 
departments of the University comprise the theological, supported 
by benevolent contributions, especially by the Stone Fund, medi- 
cal, law, college, preparatory, normal, agricultural, industrial, and 
Musical, and the Nurses' Training School. The total number 
of students in all department is 865. 

MOUNT VERNON SEMINARY, a boarding and day school for 
young ladies and little girls, corner of M and Eleventh Streets, 
N. W., Mrs. Elizabeth J. Somers, Principal ; Mrs. Adelia Gates 
Hensley, Associate Principal. The Seminary endeavors to meet 
a demand for a school more systematic, thorough, and modern 
than -the typical boarding-school, yet less severe and arduous 
than our women's colleges. Its two preparatory courses give 
pupils the choice of fitting for college, or for the collegiate 
course of the Seminary. The system of chaperonage is cautious, 
without being un-American and affected. The relation between 
teachers and pupils is close, frank and cordial. A resident 
physician is employed to look after the health of the pupils. The 
expenses for boarding pupils, including tuition in English branches, 
French, Latin, and German, are $900 for the school year. 

5T. JOHN'S COLLEGE is a day college conducted by the 
Brothers of the Christian Schools. It was founded in 1866, and 
incorporated under the general laws of the District of Columbia, 
with power to confer degrees. The situation on Vermont Avenue, 
near Thomas Circle, is central and beautiful, and the building is 
large and well lighted, heated, and ventilated. Collegiate, aca- 
demic, and primary departments are included in the institution. 
The aim of the college is to train under the most approved modern 
methods, and in an environment which recognizes the safeguards 
of religion. While it strives to meet all the demands of modern 
education, no department is given an exclusive prominence in its 
course of studies. The yearly fees in the collegiate department 
amount to $80 ; in the academic, $60 ; and in the preparatory, 
$50. There are extras aggregating about $12. 

THE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 1310 Eighteenth 
Street, N. W., Robert L. Preston (University of Virginia, Univer- 
sity of Berlin, University of Leipsic), Principal, prepares a pupil 
especially for the particular college he may desire to attend, 
directing his course continually with that in view. There are no 
large classes and the total number is limited to thirty. Boys back- 
ward in any subject are given special instruction. The school 
building has been constructed with great care and with every 
attention to its details. ' The situation is central and it is accessi- 

45 



Washington. WHERE TO EDUCATE. D. C. 

ble to the cars. This school was founded in 1891, and its seven 
years of history have been marked by steady growth and influence. 

WASHINGTON COLLEGE Third and T Streets, N. E., F. 
Menefee, A. M., President, is intended to provide a thorough 
education for young women. In connection with the college is a 
preparatory school. On the completion of the college course the 
degree of A. B. is conferred. Courses in music, oratory, physical 
culture, and art are offered. The terms for boarding-pupils for 
the school year are from $425 to $500, according to the room. 

WASHINGTON SEHINARY FOR YOUNG WOflEN, 1523 
New Hampshire Avenue, Mr. and Mrs. George T. Smallwood. The 
Principals of Washington Seminary have been engaged in educa- 
tional work for eighteen years. Mrs. Smallwood was for eight 
years connected with the schools of Boston, Mass., and ten years 
ago she conceived the idea that a school conducted on the princi- 
ples of the Boston schools would receive patronage in the South, 
as the climate is less rigorous and more adapted for young women 
coming from various parts of the country. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Smallwood keep in touch with the latest methods, that their school 
may retain the high standard it has gained in the estimation of its 
patrons, and be, each year, more fully equipped for the moral, 
mental, and physical welfare of the pupils entrusted to their care. 
The school is located on New Hampshire Avenue, near Dupont 
Circle, the most beautiful and healthful portion of Washington 
City. The most elegant and costly residences of the city are in 
this immediate neighborhood, many of them within two hundred 
yards of the school building. A description of the school and its 
surroundings, and an accurate statement of its advantages, may 
be had by applying for illustrated catalogue. 



FLORIDA. 

THE DAYTONA KINDERGARTEN, Daytona, M. W. Glenn, 
Principal, at present a purely private enterprise, has been in ex- 
istence only two years. Its aim is that held by every up-to-date 
progressive kindergarten and primary school. A specialty is made 
of teaching the children of tourists, whether they come for a day 
or a month. Daytona is a popular east coast town and is thronged 
in winter with visitors from the North. The health of the place, 
especially among the children, is well-nigh perfect. It is expected 
that there will be a normal class for pupils and mothers this 
winter, and, if encouragement is given, a boarding department for 
young children will be added in the future. 

46 



Fla. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. . Key West. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, De Funiak Springs, Cleburne L. 
Hayes, A. B., Principal, was founded by legislative enactment in 
1887, owns a school building, erected in 1889 and enlarged in 
1895 ; and two dormitories, one for women and one for men. It is 
under the control of the State Board of Education. The spirit 
of the school is unpretentious ; its single aim is that of training 
practical and efficient teachers. 

FROEBEL KINDERGARTEN AND NORMAL INSTITUTE, 

De Land, Mrs. Helen E. Gaulden, Principal, combines kinder- 
garten classes with a training school for students of kindergarten 
methods. Mrs. Gaulden, who has studied under some of the best 
instructors in the country, delivers three lectures a week to teach- 
ers on the use and philosophy of the twenty gifts and occupations 
of Froebel's kindergarten, and kindred subjects. 

JOHN B. STETSON UNIVERSITY (co-educational), De Land, 
John F. Forbes, Ph. D., President. This college, though chartered 
by the Florida Legislature as recently as 1887, has now, besides 
a campus of twenty-two acres, about half a dozen buildings, cost- 
ing $200,000, nearly thirty instructors, and 241 students, coming 
from eighteen States and two foreign countries. The endow- 
ment funds amount to about $200,000. The chemical, physical, 
biological, and bacteriological laboratories have a complete mod- 
ern outfit, and the library, supported by the interest from a legacy 
left the University by the late Mr. C. T. Sampson, of Washington, 
already numbers eight thousand well selected books. The depart- 
ments of the institution include the College, which offers two 
courses leading respectively to the degrees of B. A. and B. S. ; the 
Academy ; the Normal and Practice School ; School of Music, 
and School of Art. Much attention is paid to rational physical 
culture. Military drill is provided for the young men and light 
gymnastics for the young women. Tuition, board, etc., are $184 
per year in Academy, and $208 in College. 

ST. JOSEPH'S ACADEMY, Jacksonville, conducted by the 
Sisters of St. Joseph, was established in 1869. Students of all 
religious denominations are received. The course of study is 
divided into preparatory, intermediate, junior, academic, and grad- 
uating departments. There is a course in instrumental music 
extending through five years, and a post-graduate course. The 
terms per year, including board, room, and laundry, are $135. 

CONVENT OF MARY IflflACULATE, Key West, is under 
the direction of the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, 
and was chartered in February, 1883. The course of study 
embraces all the useful branches of an English education, includ- 

47 







4 8 



&a. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Saint Leo. 

ing, besides languages, etc., needlework, elocution, and all forms 
of art and music. Board and tuition per year are $200. 

FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE (since 1893 co-edu- 
cational), Lake City, W. F. Yocum, D. D., President, was established 
in pursuance of an act of Congress of 1862, donating to each State 
and Territory public lands in proportion to its representation in 
Congress. Florida availed herself of the benefit of this act in 1872, 
and received ninety thousand acres of land. This land was sold 
and the proceeds invested in bonds, from which the college re- 
ceives an annual income of about $9,000. It was benefited by 
the " Morrill Bill" in 1890; the State has appropriated for build- 
ing about $28,300, and for general purposes about $20,000 ; the 
citizens of Columbia County have contributed about $15,000, 
together with one hundred acres of land for a college farm ; and 
under the "Hatch Bill" of 1887 the college receives $15,000 a 
year for the support of an agricultural experiment station. It is, 
as indicated in the law under which it was established, " a college 
where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scien- 
tific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach 
such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the 
mechanic arts, in such manner as the Legislature of the State may 
prescribe, in order to promote a liberal and practical education of 
the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life." 
Tuition is free to residents of Florida, to others it is $20 per year. 

THE PREPARATORY SCHOOL under the care of M. C. Marion, 
B. L., prepares youths for college. 

THE ORANGE PARK NORflAL AND flANUAL TRAIN- 
ING SCHOOL, Orange Park, is under the care of the American 
Missionary Association of the Congregational Churches of the 
United States. It was opened in 1891. While it admits students 
of all races, the majority of those who have attended have been 
colored. In addition to the regular English normal course, instruc- 
tion is given to boys in woodworking and carpentry, and to girls in 
sewing and dressmaking. Expenses are only $7 a month. 

FLORIDA INSTITUTE FOR THE DEAF AND BLIND, 

St. Augustine, the Rev. Frederick Pasco, A. M., Superintendent, 
was opened in 1885, though an act of the State Legislature pro- 
viding for its founding and support was passed in 1883. The 
management is in the hands of the State Board of Education. 

ST. LEO MILITARY COLLEGE, Saint Leo, Pasco County, 
the Rt. Rev. F. Charles, O. St. B., President. This is the first and 
only Catholic institution of its kind in the State. This part of 
Florida is much sought as a health resort, and this school is especi- 
ally recommended for Northern boys of delicate constitutions. 

49 



Tallahassee. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Fla. 

Parents placing their boys in this school may rest assured that the 
reverend faculty will leave nothing untried that will tend to develop 
both the mind and body. There are three courses of instruction, 
preparatory, commercial, classical. Board and tuition are about 
$200 per year. 

STATE SEHINARY, WEST OF THE SUWANNEE, Talla- 
hassee, A. A. Murphree, A. B., President, was chartered in 1851, 
and organized in 1857. It has the secondary title of the Florida 
State Classical and Literary College, and combines preparatory 
and collegiate work. The aim of the school is not so much the 
making of specialists as the imparting of broad education and 
liberal culture. The college department offers three four years' 
courses leading respectively to the degrees B. A., B. L., and B. S. 
The institution is unsectarian and co-educational. Tuition, to all 
Florida students, is free ; to others it is $20 per term. 

TAflPA BUSINESS COLLEGE, Tampa, is one of the oldest 
business schools in the State, established in 1890, just before 
Tampa's great boom. It was a prosperous and successful institu- 
tion, with a good reputation, when, in 1897, the present proprietor 
and manager, L. M. Hatton, M. Accts., took charge of it. Under 
his management the college has widened its scope of work as well 
as territory. It now offers courses of study in business, short- 
hand and typewriting, penmanship, telegraphy, English, and 
Spanish. It has a full and competent corps of instructors. 

ROLLINS COLLEGE (co-educational), Winter Park, the Rev. 
George Morgan Ward, A. M., President, was founded in 1885, 
under a special charter from the State. Winter Park, the seat of 
the college, is in the " high pine " country, and is surrounded by 
numerous lakes. The campus is in the southern part of the town, 
and has twenty acres of sloping land. On it have been erected 
six college buildings, including separate dormitories for men and 
women. Physical exercise and gymnasium practice is under the 
direction of a medical expert. Six departments of study are in 
operation : College, musical, art, normal, commercial, and prepara- 
tory. Board, room, and tuition in college, per term, $66 ; in the 
preparatory school, $60. 

GEORGIA. 

THE LUCY COBB INSTITUTE, Athens, Mary A. Lipscomb, 
Principal. In 1857, Gen. T. R. R. Cobb, a leading lawyer of 
Athens, succeeded in raising a sufficient amount of money to pur- 
chase land and to erect a building for the higher education of 
young women. Just as the school w^as about to be opened, Lucy, a 

50 



Ga. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Athens. 

daughter of General Cobb, died, and the trustees decided to name 
the school the Lucy Cobb Institute, in honor of the daughter of 
the founder. In 1858 the school was opened, and continued with 
undiminished popularity even during the trying period of the Civil 
War. In 1880 Miss M. Rutherford and Mrs. M. A. Lipscomb, 
nieces of Gen. T. R. R. Cobb, undertook the management of the 
Institute. There are three departments of study, the primary, the 
preparatory, and the collegiate. A two years' course is necessary 
for graduation. The expenses for the school year are $290. 

FRANKLIN COLLEGE, Athens, is the literary department of 
the University of Georgia, L. H. Charbonnier, Ph. D., Dean of the 
Faculty. 

GEORGIA STATE COLLEGE of Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts, Athens, is the scientific department of the University of Geor- 
gia, H. C. White, Ph. D., President. 

GEORGIA STATE NORHAL SCHOOL, Athens, S. D. Brad- 
well, President, is a branch of the University of Georgia. 

UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, Athens, William Ellison Boggs, 
D. D., LL. D., Chancellor, was chartered by the General Assembly 
of the State, January 27, 1785, and opened to students in 1801. 
It was organized simply as a college, and its strictly literary course 
of study led to the single degree of A. B. The addition in com- 
paratively recent years of the State College of Agriculture and 
the Mechanic Arts, the Law School, the Medical College, the 
School of Technology, the Georgia Normal and Industrial School, 
the State Normal School, and four branch colleges for elementary 
and preparatory training, has made of an old-time classical school 
a fully equipped modern university. The grounds are located in 
the heart of the city of Athens, and cover an area of thirty-seven 
acres. About two miles from the campus is the farm, recently 
purchased, comprising one hundred and thirteen acres, under the 
immediate charge of the professor of agriculture. The University 
organization consists of several distinct but coordinate departments, 
each under the direction of its own faculty, and subject to its own 
regulations, but all under the general oversight of the Board of 
Trustees. The degrees conferred in these departments, any one 
of which constitutes the recipient a graduate of the University of 
Georgia, are as follows : University degrees : Master of Arts, 
Master of Science ; Classical degree : Bachelor of Arts (four years' 
course) ; Scientific degrees in the State College of Agriculture : 
Bachelor of Science (four years' course), Bachelor of Agriculture 
(three years' course), Bachelor of Engineering (four years' course), 
Civil Engineer (graduate course), Civil and Mining Engineer 
(graduate course) ; Degrees awarded by the Professional Schools : 



Atlanta, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ga. 

Bachelor of Law (one year's course), Doctor of Medicine (three 
years' course), Mechanical Engineer (four years' course). The 
admission to the college is by examination. No students are 
received who are under fifteen years of age. Under the act of 
the Legislature no tuition fee is charged in the collegiate and 
agricultural departments. Tuition in the Law School is $75 
per year. A lecture-course ticket in the medical department 
is $100. 

ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta, the Rev. Horace Bum- 
stead, D. D., President. This institution was opened in 1869. It 
is especially devoted to the promotion of advanced education 
among the colored people. There are also excellent industrial 
and musical facilities, and classes in elocution and printing. The 
departments are the college, the normal, and the college prepara- 
tory. Expenses per year, not including text-books, are $96 in 
the college and $92 in the normal department. 

GEORGIA SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY, a department of 
the University of Georgia, Atlanta, Lyman S. Hall, President, 
was opened in the fall of 1888. A brick academic building 
contains ample accommodations and equipment. There are also 
several large workshops and a number of dormitories. The time 
and attention of students is duly proportioned between scholastic 
and mechanical pursuits, but the school's main object, of course, 
is that of teaching the principles of science which relate to the 
mechanic and industrial arts. The following degrees are con- 
ferred : Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering ; Bachelor 
of Science in electrical engineering ; Bachelor of Science in civil 
engineering. Board is $10 per month. 

THE SPELMAN SEMINARY, Atlanta, Miss Harriet E. Giles, 
President. The distinguishing feature of this school for young 
women and girls is its aggressively Christian spirit. It is unsec- 
tarian, but under the control of the Baptist Church. Among other 
religious organizations it has eight societies of Christian Endeavor, 
and its motto is, "Our whole school for Christ." Started in 1881 
with eleven pupils, in the basement of a church, it was subse- 
quently incorporated, and now owns eighteen acres of land, five 
large brick buildings, four frame dormitories, and a frame hospital, 
and the students number about 450. The departments are nine: 
College, missionary training, normal, college preparatory, academic, 
English preparatory, nurse training, industrial, and musical. The 
charges, without extras, are $8 per month. 

DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE of the University of Georgia, 
Augusta, Eugene Foster, M. D., Dean of the faculty. 

52 



Ga. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mclntosh. 

THE SAflUEL BENEDICT MEMORIAL SCHOOL, Cedar- 
town, the Rev. Geo. E. Benedict, A. B., President and Rector, 
Ernest M. Benedict, Principal. This is an Episcopalian boarding 
school for boys and a day school for boys and girls, founded 
in memory of the Rev. Samuel Benedict, D. D., who for nearly 
twenty years was a pastor and missionary in Georgia. The school 
was opened for its first session in 1895. It is a corporate institu- 
tion, and owns valuable land and buildings. Healthfully located 
in the elevated limestone region of Northwest Georgia, two and a 
half miles from Cedartown, Polk County, it is free from the dis- 
tractions and temptations of city life. The course of study 
begins with the primary grade and extends through ten years. 

NORTH GEORGIA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, Dahlo- 
nega, Joseph S. Stewart, President, is a branch of the University 
of Georgia. Connected with it are two sub-freshman classes, 
which prepare students for the four college classes at Dahlonega 
or for the university. 

GEORGIA FEflALE SEMINARY AND CONSERVATORY 
OF MUSIC, Gainesville, A. W. Van Hoose and H. J. Pearce, 
Principals and Proprietors. This school is twenty years old, and 
has had a rapid growth. The several buildings include an audi- 
torium, which the editor of the Atlanta Constitution recently 
pronounced " probably the most complete building of its kind to 
be found in any similar institution in the South." This edifice 
contains an assembly hall, with a seating capacity of one thou- 
sand, constructed upon the most approved opera house plans, 
and magnificently furnished. The music department is under 
the supervision of a thoroughly equipped instructor, who has had 
the best training to be found in Germany. 

WEST GEORGIA AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL 
COLLEGE, Hamilton, Harris County, T. Lewis, President, is a 
branch of the University of Georgia. Tuition is free ; matricula- 
tion fee is $5. 

TALMAGE INSTITUTE, Irwington, Wilkinson County, J. C. 
V. Worthy, A. M., Principal, has three departments : Primary, 
intermediate, and high school and collegiate. The school makes 
no claim to being a college proper, but prepares students for the 
junior year of the State University and other colleges. Superior 
courses in music are offered, and preparation for practical busi- 
ness. The institute is co-educational, undenominational, and 
economical. 

DORCHESTER ACADEMY, Mclntosh, Liberty County, Fred 
W. Foster, Principal. This school is supported by the American 
Missionary Association. It has four departments : Primary, inter- 

53 



Milledgeville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ga. 

mediate, grammar, and normal. The total monthly expenses to 
boarding students are $7 to those below normal grades, and $7.35 
to those in the normal department, and one hour's work each day 
for the institution. 

GEORGIA NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE for 

women, Milledgeville, J. Harris Chappell, President, is a branch 
of the University of Georgia. 

fllDDLE GEORGIA fllLITARY AND AGRICULTURAL 
COLLEGE, Milledgeville, Baldwin County, William E. Reynolds, 
President, is a branch of the University of Georgia. Tuition is 
free, but an incidental fee of $5 per term is required. 

EMORY COLLEGE, Oxford, C. E. Dowman, D. D., President. 
This institution is the joint property of the North and South 
Georgia and Florida Annual Conferences, M. E. Church, South. 
Oxford is forty miles east of Atlanta, and one mile from the 
Georgia Railroad, to which horse-cars run from the town. The 
purpose of the institution is to develop body, mind, and soul. 
But, while a gymnasium is provided, under the charge of a com- 
petent director, inter-collegiate athletics are strictly forbidden. 
Good literary and scientific courses are offered, and the student 
is surrounded with religious influences. Though Methodist in 
organization, the institution is not sectarian. Founded in 1837, 
Emory College appeals with confidence to its roll of alumni, in 
proof of the good work that it has done for church and state. 
The necessary expenses for one year need not exceed $200. 

CLARK UNIVERSITY, South Atlanta, the Rev. Charles Manly 
Melden, Ph.D., President, was founded in 1870 by the Freed- 
man's Aid and Southern Education Society of the M. E. Church. 
Students are admitted and classified solely by examination. The 
degrees in courses are A. B. and B. S., and the graduate degrees 
are A. M. and M. S., conferred on the completion of prescribed 
post-graduate courses of study. The departments include college, 
preparatory, trade school, normal, domestic economy, music, and 
grade school. Expenses are low, averaging for the year less than 
$90, including board. 

GAMMON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, South Atlanta, the 
Rev. Wilbur P. Thirkield, D. D., President, is under the general 
control of the Freedmen's Aid and Southern Education Society 
of the M. E. Church. It has about eighty students in attendance, 
representing sixteen States and two foreign countries, more than a 
score of institutions of learning, and six denominations. The 
library has eleven thousand well-chosen books, and is housed in 
one of the most beautiful buildings of its kind in the South. 

54 




55 



Thomasville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ga. 

There is an elementary theological course, and a degree and 
diploma course, covering three years. 

SOUTH GEORGIA fllLITARY AND AGRICULTURAL 
COLLEGE, Thomasville, Thomas County, E. H. Merrill, Presi- 
dent, is a branch of the University of Georgia. Tuition is free, 
but a matriculation fee of $10 per term is required. Board, 
washing, and lights, per month, from $10 to $16. Music, art, 
and modern languages extra. 

HUTCH ESON INSTITUTE, Whitesburg, Frank G. Webb, 
A. M., Principal. In 1893 this institution was organized as the 
joint property of the Carrollton and LaGrange districts of North 
Georgia Conference, M. E. Church, South. It is the aim of the 
school to give Christian educational advantages to boys and girls 
of limited means. It is possible for a pupil to attend one year for 
$50. The curriculum is arranged to prepare for the best colleges 
and universities of the South, or as a finishing school for those 
desiring a limited course. 

YOUNG HARRIS COLLEGE, Young Harris, Town's County, 
the Rev. W. F. Robison, President, has primary, academic, nor- 
mal, and collegiate departments, with a total enrolment of about 
four hundred. Founded and chartered in 1887-88, it is located in 
an attractive town. While under Methodist auspices, the school 
is not sectarian. Students who complete satisfactorily the full 
course of prescribed study are entitled to a diploma. Tuition is 
$5 per term. 

IDAHO. 

STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Albion, J. C. Black, President. 
Applicants who are residents of Idaho must sign a declaration of 
intention to teach within the State. The course of study is divided 
into departments of pedagogy, science, English, Latin, mathematics, 
history, and art. Normal certificates are issued to graduates. 
Students who are non-residents are charged a tuition fee of $5. 

COLLEGE OF IDAHO, Caldwell, the Rev. W. J. Boone, Presi- 
dent. The academic department provides a four years' course in 
subjects usually offered in the best academies and high schools, 
the study of the Bible being included in the curriculum. The 
course serves to give good college preparation. Instruction is 
also furnished in music, art, and business. Tuition in the academic 
department is $24 a year, when paid in advance. 

UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO (co-educational), Moscow, Joseph P. 
Blanton, A. M., LL. D., President, is a part of the State educa- 
tional system, aiming to complete the work that is begun in the 

56 



///. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Bloomington. 

public schools, by furnishing facilities for liberal education in 
literature, science, and the arts, and for technical training in 
engineering, mining, and agriculture. Through the aid that has 
been received from the United States and the State, it is enabled 
to offer its privileges to all persons of either sex, who are qualified 
for admission. The University comprises, in accordance with the 
provisions of its charter, the colleges or departments of arts, 
letters, agriculture and mechanic arts, mining, applied sciences, 
engineering, music, freehand and industrial art, and graduate 
study. Six collegiate courses are offered : The classical, leading to 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; the philosophical, leading to the 
degree of Bachelor of Philosophy ; the scientific, leading to the 
degree of Bachelor of Science ; the civil engineering, leading to 
the degree of Bachelor of Civil Engineering ; the mining engineer- 
ing, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Mining Engineering ; the 
agricultural, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Agriculture. The 
proper Master's degrees will be conferred upon the fulfilment of 
certain conditions. The University, not having facilities for 
graduate work beyond the degree of Master, will not entertain 
applications for the Doctorate degrees. Two hundred and fifty 
dollars will cover the expenses for a year. 

THE PREPARATORY SCHOOL is sustained to fit students for the 
college courses. 

ILLINOIS. 

BROWN'S BLOOHINGTON BUSINESS COLLEGE, 505- 
507 East North Street, Bloomington, I. N. Wright, Principal. (See 
Brown's Business Colleges). 

ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY (coeducational), 
Bloomington, William H. Wilder, D. D., President, is controlled 
by the M. E. Church. Growing out of an educational movement 
dating from 1849, it was chartered in 1853. Its history is one of 
heroic struggle and sacrifice crowned with success. The present 
preparatory building was erected in 1854; the main hall of the 
University, a four-story brick structure, costing $100,000, was 
dedicated in June, 1871. The laboratories, museum, gymnasium, 
and the Behr observatory are all furnished with full lines of appar- 
atus; the library is a growing collection of useful books. In 1895 
the total endowment of the institution amounted to $187,999. ^ n 
1874 both the College of Law and the non-resident and graduate 
department were organized. These have been notably successful, 
and have enrolled a large number of students. The aim of the 
University is to give a thorough preparation for professional, 
business, or home life, under the highest Christian influences. 

57 



Bourbonnais. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

ST. VIATEUR'S COLLEGE, Bourbonnais, Kankakee County, 
the Rev. M. J. Marsile, C. S. V., President. The educational 
movement out of which grew St. Viateur's College had its rise in 
1865, when the Very Reverend P. Beaudoin, R. D., took charge of 
the parish of Bourbonnais. But the commercial academy which 
was opened under his direction soon outgrew its original propor- 
tions. In 1869 the principal part of the present building was 
erected, and in 1874 the institution received its university charter 
from the State Legislature, and the college was empowered to grant 
degrees in Arts, Sciences, and Letters. The faculty numbers over 
thirty, and there are seven courses of study : The preparatory, the 
commercial, the classical, the philosophical, the theological, the 
scientific, and the course in letters. A strong department of mili- 
tary training is under the direction of experts. Annual expenses 
in the regular course amount to about $200. 

BUNKER HILL fllLITARY ACADEMY, Bunker Hill, S. L. 
Stiver, A. M., B. D., Superintendent. The school was founded in 
1857. The present head of the institution assumed charge in 
1882. Under his direction the academy, always excellent, leaped 
to the front rank, and has more than held that position. It is 
located in a thriving town, thirty-five miles from St. Louis. The 
carefully laid out grounds are healthfully situated on a high eleva- 
tion. The handsome buildings include a gymnasium and a work- 
shop. This is preeminently a home school, and, while unsectarian, 
is surrounded by the highest Christian influences. It prepares for 
any college, university, or technical school, and for West Point 
and Annapolis. The charge for the school year is $350. 

WESTERN NORHAL COLLEGE, Bushnell, W, W. Earnest, 
President, has been well known for ten years past. It has trained 
a large part of the public school teachers of Western and Central 
Illinois, and has given thorough instruction to thousands in col- 
legiate, commercial, art, telegraphy, music, penmanship, and sten- 
ography courses, in addition to its main work of training teachers. 
The high standard of manhood and womanhood, which the students 
of this school set for themselves and maintain, and the thorough- 
ness of the class work are its chief characteristics. Regular tui- 
tion and good board cost $29 to $32 per term of ten weeks. 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS STATE NORflAL UNIVERSITY 

(co-educational), Carbondale, Daniel Baldwin Parkinson, M. A., 
Ph. D., President. An act of the General Assembly of the 
State of Illinois, approved April 20, 1869, gave birth to this nor- 
mal school. The school prospered till the year 1883, when a dis- 
astrous fire occurred. The library, most of the furniture, and the 
philosophical and chemical apparatus were saved, and the recita- 

58 



///.- WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chicago. 

tions went on with a loss of only two days. In 1887 the pres- 
ent well equipped building was erected at a cost of $152,065. 
There are three departments : The normal, giving thorough instruc- 
tion in the theory and practice of teaching ; the preparatory, cov- 
ering about one year's work, and intended for those who have 
completed eight grades in the common or model school, but who 
are not sufficiently mature to enter the higher classes ; and the 
model or practice department in charge of training teachers. The 
institution possesses an excellent library, containing over fourteen 
thousand volumes, well equipped gymnasium, biological, chemical, 
and physical laboratories. 

BROWN'S CENTRALIA BUSINESS COLLEGE, 108-110 
Broadway, Centralia, D. C. Brown, Principal. (See Brown's 
Business Colleges). 

AMERICAN CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, Chicago, J. J. 
Hattstaedt, Director. The course of study is divided into five 
departments, the preparatory, academic, collegiate, post-graduate, 
and normal. These courses embrace well graded instruction in 
singing, the piano, violin, organ, violoncello, harmony, composition, 
etc. The normal school course includes a study of public school 
work and musical theory. Elocution, oratory, and the languages 
are also taught. Tuition varies. 

"ARflOUR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, F. W. Gunsaulus, 
President, Thomas C. Roney, Dean of the Faculty, was founded in 
1802 by Mr. Philip D. Armour, of Chicago. The work of instruc- 
tion was begun in September i, 1893." Behind this brief quotation 
from the Institute year book is a story of the personal consecration 
and brotherly affection of two men, which powerfully contradicts 
the hasty assumption so often advanced, that commercial ideals 
to-day are hostile to the higher motives and gentler emotions of 
life. Mr. Joseph Armour left, in 1881, a bequest of $100,000 to 
be used in promoting the moral and intellectual development of 
children and youths. This bequest was given into the charge of 
his brother, Mr. Philip D. Armour, who has not only been a faith- 
ful executor of his brother's benefaction, but has added to it gifts 
aggregating two millions of dollars. Following the spirit of the 
bequest entrusted to him, Mr. Armour erected the building at 
Armour Avenue and 33d Street, now known as Armour Mission, 
in which he established what was then known as the Plymouth 
Mission Sunday School, an organization supported in that neigh- 
borhood since 1874 by members of the Plymouth Congregational 
Church. The effect of this mission was most marked in the 
neighborhood and led Mr. Armour to erect the group of buildings 
known as the Armour Flats. These consist of two hundred and 

59 



Chicago. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

thirteen separate suites of apartments, forming an attractive 
neighborhood and a congenial environment for the. great engineer- 
ing school which now stands in their midst. The development of 
this institution from the antecedent conditions enumerated was 
due to the conviction of Mr. Armour and his co-workers that their 
benevolent enterprise would fail of its highest aim, unless practi- 
cal education were added to the moral and religious forces already 
at work to produce good and efficient members of society. 
Accordingly a school was planned to include only academic and 
industrial training ; but through the wise forethought of Mr. Ar- 
mour's pastor, Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, who was its first president, and 
who from the first realized the possibilities of the enterprise, its 
scope was widened so as to make room for higher technical train- 
ing along various engineering lines, the limits of which were not 
at first precisely defined. The importance to the community of 
this kind of education was also strenuously urged by engineers and 
educators, and their views were reinforced by the many applica- 
tions for extended courses in engineering that were received as 
soon as this purpose of the Institute became known. In March, 
1893, President Gunsaulus committed to Prof. Thos. C. Roney, 
dean of the new faculty, the work of coordinating these varied 
elements and developing a plan by which the departments already 
established or to be established might be united in a logical and 
harmonious educational scheme. The result was the plan of 
organization under which the Institute now exists and which is 
given below : 

Armour Institute of Technology comprises (i) Armour In- 
stitute of Technology proper, including (a) the Technical College 
which embraces the courses in mechanical engineering, elec- 
trical engineering, architecture, mathematics and physics, and 
(fr) the Scientific Academy ; (2) the Associated Departments. These 
departments, which were included in the original plan of the 
Institute, are still under its direction or are affiliated with 
it, having justified their existence by the work they have 
accomplished. They are : the department of domestic arts, the 
kindergarten normal department, the department of music, the 
department of shorthand and typewriting. Early in 1893 a 
union was effected with the Art Institute of Chicago, for the 
purpose of developing the course in architecture which that 
institution had successfully maintained since 1889. The result 
was the establishment of the Chicago School of Architecture, 
which also constitutes the department of architecture of Armour 
Institute of Technology. The spirit and aim of the Institute are 
well expressed in the following extract from its first public 
announcement : " This institution is founded for the purpose of 
giving to young men and women an opportunity to secure a liberal 

60 



///. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chicago. 

education. It is hoped that its benefits may reach all classes. It 
is not intended for the poor or the rich, as sections of society, but 
for any and all who are earnestly seeking practical education. Its 
aim is broadly philanthropic. Profoundly realizing the impor- 
tance of self-reliance as a factor in the development of character, 
the founder has conditioned his benefactions in such a way as to 
emphasize both their value and the student's self-respect. The 
Institute is not a free school ; but its charges for instruction are 
in harmony with the spirit which animates alike the founder, the 
trustees, and the faculty, namely, the desire to help those who 
wish to help themselves." It remains to note in brief the work of 
the Institute as it is conducted along scholastic, technical, and 
industrial lines. 

THE SCIENTIFIC ACADEMY. No part of this work is more im- 
portant than that which is justly regarded as the core of its educa- 
tional system, namely, its preparatory school. The Scientific 
Academy admits to its classes boys and girls who have completed 
the studies in the grammar grades of the public schools. It pro- 
vides courses of four years, which prepare students to enter the 
Technical College of Armour Institute of Technology or the lead- 
ing universities and colleges East and West. The instruction is 
under the immediate supervision of the dean of the faculty, and 
many of the classes are personally conducted by members of the 
college faculty. The spirit and, to some extent, the methods of 
college work have been introduced with favorable results. 

THE TECHNICAL COLLEGE. The engineering courses also are 
four years in length. Two general considerations have governed 
their arrangement. On the one hand, by making the requirements 
of admission in some studies more inclusive than is usual, larger 
opportunities are offered for the prosecution of distinctively techni- 
cal work. On the other hand, the fact has been recognized that there 
are many students in technical schools who, from lack of means, 
have been unable to obtain that general culture which is indispen- 
sable to a broad technical education, and which it is the province 
of the ordinary college course to furnish. This deficiency is sup- 
plied as far as possible by the addition of courses in literature, 
history, and philosophy. 

THE ASSOCIATED DEPARTMENTS. The students in these depart- 
ments share in the general advantages of the Institute. They 
have free access to the Institute library, in which are works 
chosen with special reference to their needs ; to the gymnasium, 
where an instructor is in regular attendance ; to the literary, musi- 
cal, and social gatherings, which are held at intervals throughout 
the year. 

77/6' Department of Domestic Arts affords instruction in the 
following subjects : Cookery, household economy, home nursing 

61 



Chicago. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

and emergencies, plain sewing, dressmaking, and millinery. Most 
of these subjects are pursued in a technical and a special course, 
the former being intended for those who desire professional train- 
ing, while the latter is for general culture and development. 

The Kindergarten Normal Department The Chicago Free 
Kindergarten Association began its work sixteen years ago ; 
its subsequent growth and development have been steady, marked, 
and satisfactory in an unusual degree. The Association was in- 
corporated one year later, April 19, 1882. In 1893 it became 
affiliated with Armour Institute of Technology. The work of the 
Association is two-fold, viz., a Kindergarten Normal School and a 
system of free kindergartens in the city of Chicago. 

In the Department of Music instruction is offered in piano, organ, 
voice culture, violin, violoncello, cornet, flute, mandolin, harmony, 
counterpoint, and musical composition. There are concerts, 
recitals, and lectures throughout the school year. Students may 
be enrolled at any time. The instruction embraces all grades, 
including children's classes and classes for advanced students. 
Lessons are given privately as well as in classes. 

In the Department of Shorthand and Typewriting, instruction is 
given in shorthand, typewriting, English, spelling, business and 
legal forms, correspondence, letter filing, copying, mimeographing, 
manifolding, and office practice. Students are given an opportu- 
nity, when far enough advanced, to do practical work, whereby 
they are fitted to enter business life with a keener appreciation of 
what is expected of them. The instruction is arranged in two 
courses, the Amanuensis Course and the Teachers' Course. As 
this department is in session throughout the year, students are 
admitted at any time. By THOMAS C. RONEY, Dean. 

THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, Chicago, W. M. R. 
French, Director, descended from the school of the old Academy 
of Design, opened in 1867, and was incorporated in 1879. The 
Art School is permanently located in the magnificent Museum 
building on Michigan Avenue, thus affording access to the rare 
and extensive collection of pictures, works of sculpture, and an- 
tiquities. Architecture is taught in cooperation with Armour 
Institute of Technology. The Art Institute is able to offer 
exhaustive courses in any department of academic, decorative, or 
practical artistic work. It has in all an enrolment of 1,250 stu- 
dents. Full tuition for one term (twelve weeks) is $25. 

CHICAGO BUSINESS COLLEGE, Wabash Avenue and 
Randolph Street, Chicago, A. C. Gondring and F. B. Virden, 
Principals, has its home in a fire-proof steel building in the business 
centre of the city. It aims at rapidity and thoroughness in its 

62 



///. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chicago. 

methods of instruction, and has business, shorthand, and prepara- 
tory courses. There are evening and day classes. 

THE CHICAGO CONSERVATORY (incorporated), Audito- 
rium Building, Chicago, Bernhard Ulrich, Manager, was organ- 
ized to promote thorough training in musical and dramatic art. 
With this purpose in view, teachers of wide and, in some instances, 
of international reputation are employed. The faculty includes 
Leopold Godowsky, director of the piano department ; Arthur 
Marescalchi, director of the vocal department ; Frederic Grant 
Gleason, director of the theoretical department; Clarence Eddy, 
organ instructor ; and a corps of competent assistants in all de- 
partments. A stage training and professional dramatic depart- 
ment has won distinction by graduating many capable men and 
women into excellent positions on the stage. The tuition varies. 

CHICAGO FREE KINDERGARTEN ASSOCIATION, Chi- 
cago, H. N. Higinbotham, President. (See Armour Institute of 
Technology.) 

THE CHICAGO MANUAL TRAINING SCHOOL, corner 
of Michigan Avenue and Twelfth Street, Chicago, the oldest in- 
dependent school of its class in the United States, was founded by 
the Commercial Club of Chicago in 1882, and continued the 
property of the club till July 9, 1897, when the school was pre- 
sented to the University of Chicago. It is of high school grade, 
and offers two courses, one of three years, and one of four years. 
The school fits for business and mechanical pursuits, for tech- 
nological schools and for classical and scientific colleges. Its 
curriculum includes freehand and mechanical drawing, throughout 
the entire course ; woodwork, one or two years ; foundry and 
forge work, one year ; and machine shop work, one year. The 
school is designed for boys only, and its teachers are men special- 
ists. Tuition averages $90 a year for the four years' course; $100 
a year for the three years' course. 

CHICAGO POLICLINIC, Chicago, Truman W. Miller, M. D., 
President, is a clinical school for practitioners of medicine, com- 
bining a complete and model hospital, dispensary, and school. It 
is amply equipped in all departments and occupies a six story 
double building, near the heart of the city, and in the immediate 
neighborhood of several large hospitals. The general ticket, not 
including the matriculation fee of $5, admitting to all courses and 
clinics, is for four weeks, $60 ; six weeks, $75 ; two months, $90 ; 
three months, $110. 

CHICAGO THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, Chicago, the Rev. 
F. W. Fisk, LL. D., President, was organized in 1854 by delegates 
from Congregational churches in several Western States. In 1892 

63 



Chicago. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

a professorship of Christian sociology was added to the curriculum, 
and in 1893 a professorship of Assyriology and comparative relig- 
ion was founded in order that the Seminary might keep abreast of 
modern research. Special courses of instruction are offered for 
German and Scandinavian students. The necessary expenses 
for the year do not exceed $175. 

THE COOK COUNTY NORflAL SCHOOL, Chicago, was 
founded in 1867. Upon the decease of Prof. D. S. Wentworth, 
its first principal, in 1882, Francis W. Parker was selected to 
succeed, and. in 1883 he took charge of the school and has been 
its principal ever since. Feb. i, 1896, the school was transferred 
by the county of Cook to the city of Chicago, and is now called 
the Chicago Normal School. Its work is the training of teachers 
for the city and county. At present it has five hundred students 
in the professional training class and five hundred and fifty pupils 
in the practice school. It has a corps of thirty-three teachers. 
Its graduates number nearly four hundred each year. 

GIRLS' COLLEGIATE SCHOOL, 479 and 481 Dearborn 
Avenue, Chicago, Miss Rebecca S. Rice, A. M., and Miss Mary 
E. Beedy, A. M., Principals. The school is now in its twenty- 
third year. The standard of the advanced department is the 
preparatory examination for Chicago University, and this ensures 
admission to any college in the United States. Careful attention 
is devoted not only to the mental advancement of the pupils, but 
also to their physical and moral advancement. It seeks to fit 
young women for home and society. The number of house pupils 
is limited to sixteen. Four general courses are offered : Kinder- 
garten, primary, secondary, and advanced. Terms for day pupils 
vary from $60 in the kindergarten to $200 in the senior year of 
the advanced course. For house pupils, the expense for board 
and regular tuition is $500 to $600. 

THE HAHNEMANN flEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPI 
TAL OF CHICAGO, C. H. Vilas, M. D., Dean, is in its thirty- 
ninth year. It has a comprehensive curriculum, and the professors 
in charge of each department, with their associates, are physicians 
of experience and of recognized position. The faculty numbers 
forty-three. The laboratories and dissecting rooms are each 
sufficiently large to accommodate one hundred students. Access 
is given students to the Cook County Hospital. The course of 
study consists of four collegiate years of six months each. A 
scholarship ticket, good for four years, costs $200. 

THE HARVARD SCHOOL, affiliated with the University of 
Chicago, 4670 Lake Avenue, cor. 47th Street, Chicago, John J. 
Schobinger, John C. Grant, LL. D., Principals. This is the oldest 

64 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chicago. 

college preparatory school in Chicago. It was founded in 1867, 
and has been under its present management for the last twenty- 
three years. All the courses required for preparation for the 
University of Chicago, as well as the Eastern colleges, are offered. 
The physical and chemical laboratories are adapted to the modern 
methods of science teaching. The school consists of a primary 
and a higher department. The latter has a four years' course and 
a six years' course, both preparatory for college or scientific school. 
In the primary department pupils of the youngest school age are 
received and prepared for the work of the higher department. 
Manual training is begun in the primary department and carried 
on throughout the course. Physical culture is a part of the 
regular work of the school, and is conducted by a special teacher, 
in a well equipped gymnasium, and on large athletic grounds, 
which form part of the school premises. 

KENT COLLEGE OF LAW, Chicago, Marshall D. Ewell, 
LL. D., Dean, W. F. Momeyer, LL. B., Secretary, was incorporated 
under the laws of Illinois by the name of the Kent Law School of 
Chicago, July 18, 1892. It opened its doors to students in the 
fall of the same year. On December 31, 1894, its corporate name was 
changed to Kent College of Law. The institution is situated in 
the immediate vicinity of the courts and in the midst of the law 
offices. By the courtesy of the Chicago Law Institute students 
are given access to its library in the Courthouse, one of the 
largest law libraries in the country. With the aim of graduating 
practical lawyers, the school of practice was established, and has 
proved a very successful department. The college confers the 
degree Bachelor of Laws on completion of a three years' course. 
Expenses for one year average $250. 

LORING SCHOOL, boarding and day, 2535 Prairie Avenue, 
Chicago, Mrs. Stella Dyer Loring, Principal, was founded in 
1867 by Miss Sarah Latimer, and has been in charge of the 
present principal since 1879. The work of the school ranges 
from kindergarten to college preparation for young women. 

THE LUTHERAN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, Chicago, 
the Rev. R. F. Weidner, D. D., LL. D., President, was founded 
in 1891. Each subject taught is completed in one year. Twenty- 
one distinct courses are offered, and the whole Seminary course 
for regular graduation without the degree of B. D. covers three 
years ; with that degree, four years. Post-graduate courses are 
given for non-resident pastors. As a rule, none but college 
graduates are admitted as students. The only fee is $15. 

THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 151 Throop Street, Chi- 
cago. The home of the University is a large four story build- 
ing, of stone and pressed brick front, admirably arranged and fitted 

65 



Chicago. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

for its work. While the usual local work is done here, the Univer- 
sity is best known abroad by its university extension and non- 
resident work, carried on by systematic courses by mail, by which 
its influence is widely extended and its scope of work greatly 
enlarged. This admirable feature resembles the London Univer- 
sity, after which the National University was modelled. The 
National University is one of the leading representatives of the 
New Educational Idea. It embraces a large number of depart- 
ments, and has several affiliated colleges, each with its own special 
charter such are the Institute of Technology, the Chicago 
Polytechnic Institute, the Chicago Trade Schools, etc. A law 
department is maintained. A medical department is also main- 
tained, but no medical degrees are granted. All examinations are 
conducted by mail, but are protected by a thorough system of 
local examiners, who must be either physicians, clergymen, law- 
yers, or teachers, and who must certify to the character of the 
examination. 

5T. IGNATIUS COLLEGE, Chicago, the Rev. James F. X. 
Hoeffer, S. J., President, is conducted by Fathers of the Society of 
Jesus. It was chartered in 1870, with power to grant the usual de- 
grees in the various faculties of a university. The academic year 
has only one session, beginning in September and ending in the 
"last week of June. There are four departments : Collegiate, aca- 
demic, commercial, and preparatory. In order to enter the 
lowest department, boys must be ten years of age. Tuition, per 
session of ten months for all classes, is $40. 

CHICAGO COLLEGE OF PHARflACY, of the University of 
Illinois, F. M. Goodman, Ph. G., Dean of the Faculty. This col- 
lege was united with the University in 1896. For the first two 
years the tuition fee is $75 ; for the third year, $100. 

SOPER SCHOOL OF ORATORY, Steinway Hall, 17 Van 
Buren Street, Chicago, Henry M. Soper, President. The special 
objects of this school as stated in its latest catalogue are : " To 
qualify pupils for effective public reading and efficient teaching 
of elocution and oratory ; to offer a normal course which will 
enable teachers to lead pupils into a simple style of natural read- 
ing ; to give clergymen training in pulpit oratory, Bible and hymn 
reading, that will not only make them more efficient ambassadors of 
God, but often save them from ruined voices and diseased throats ; 
to train lawyers in the most effective, concise styles of speech 
before judge and jury ; to prepare ladies and gentlemen for lectur- 
ing and general public speaking ; to furnish a course of aesthetic 
physical training that will secure grace and ease in society or 
business, as well as ensure added health and vigor ; to cultivate 

66 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Chicago. 




the speaking voice in purity, flexibility, and power, so that it may 
remain unimpaired in advanced age ; and to fit pupils, both old 
and young, to make the home more 
attractive by a natural style of read- 
ing in newspaper, magazine, or 
book." The course of study is com- 
prehensive, and for graduation covers 
two years. Diplomas are granted, 
and the degrees of Bachelor and 
Master of Oratory are conferred. 
The school has a special depart- 
ment of journalism conducted by a 
practical journalist. 

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, 

Chicago, William R. Harper, Ph. D., 
LL. D., President. The first Uni- 
versity of Chicago, founded in 1857, 
closed its doors for lack of funds in HENRY M. SOFER. 

1886. Shortly afterward, Mr. John 

D. Rockefeller conceived the plan of founding a new institution 
of learning in Chicago, and in 1888 he consulted with. Pro- 
fessor Harper and with Secretary F. T. Gates, of the American 
Baptist Education Society, regarding the subject. Mr. Gates 
brought the matter before the Board of the Society, which 
approved the project. At the anniversary of the Society, held 
in Boston, 1889, a formal resolution was passed, "To take 
immediate steps toward the founding of a well equipped college 
in the city of Chicago." With such encouragement Mr. Rocke- 
feller at once subscribed $600,000 to a provisional endowment 
fund of one million dollars, conditioned on the pledging of $400- 
ooo before June i, 1890. The requisite amount was raised, and 
a site of twenty-four acres between Washington and Jackson Parks 
was purchased for the erection of buildings. The institution was 
incorporated in 1890, and opened to students in 1892. In Sep- 
tember, 1890, Prof. W. R. Harper, of Yale University, was elected 
president, and he entered on his new duties July i, 1891. Mean- 
while Mr. Rockefeller had added one million dollars to his former 
subscription. He has since made several donations of equal size. 
The assets of the University are now about $9,000,000. Work 
was begun on the first buildings in the autumn of 1891 ; since 
that time many have been added, including the Kent Chemical 
Laboratory, costing, with equipment, $235,000 ; the Ryerson Physi- 
cal Laboratory, $235,000 ; the Hull Biological Laboratories, $340,- 
ooo ; the Walker Museum, $115,000, and the Haskell Oriental 
Museum, $100,000. A contribution of $300,000. was made by 

67 



Chicago. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

Mr. Charles T. Yerkes in 1892 for the erection and equipment of 
an observatory to contain the largest telescope in the world. The 
observatory was completed in 1896, and the telescope, with its 
object glass of forty inches aperture, is in most respects superior 
to the great thirty-six inch Lick telescope of California. The 
University includes five divisions : the University Proper ; the 
University Extension; the University Libraries, Laboratories and 
Museums ; the University Press ; the University Affiliations. The 
University Proper comprises: The College of Arts, Literature, 
and Science ; the Graduate School of Arts and Literature ; the 
Ogden (Graduate) School of Science ; the Divinity School ; the 
Academy at Morgan Park. Of the Colleges of Arts, Literature, 
and Science, each is divided into the Junior College and the 
Senior College, the former including the first half of the curricu- 
lum, usually known as the freshman and sophomore classes, and 
the latter, the second half (junior and senior). The faculties in- 
clude : The faculty of Morgan Park Academy, of the Junior Col- 
leges, of the Senior Colleges, of the Graduate School of Arts and 
Literature, of the Ogden (Graduate) School of Science, of the 
University Extension, of the Divinity School. Admission is by 
examination. Degrees granted by the University include Bache- 
lor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor 
of Theology, Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Arts, Master of 
Science, and Doctor of Philosophy. Under certain conditions, 
non-resident work in the Graduate School may count toward a 
degree, but the final examination must be passed at the Uni- 
versity. There are more than two hundred and fifty existing 
scholarships and fellowships. Tuition is $40 a quarter ; the ma- 
triculation fee, $5 ; the diploma fee, $10; in chemistry and biology 
there are additional laboratory fees. 

THE WESTERN THEOLOGICAL SEHINARY, Chicago, 
the Rev. Wm. J. Gold, S. T. D., Warden, is a corporation existing 
under the statutes of Illinois. The Seminary was opened and its 
present buildings were erected in 1885. Its aim is, in the words 
of the charter, " the education of fit persons in the Catholic faith, 
in its purity and integrity, as taught in the Holy Scriptures, held 
by the primitive Church, summed up in the creeds, and affirmed by 
the undisputed General Councils." Students not preparing for 
the ministry as well as candidates for Holy Orders will under 
certain conditions be admitted. Two hundred dollars covers all 
expenses for the year. 

CREAL SPRINGS COLLEGE, Creal Springs, Howard Cyrus 
Tilton, A. M., President, was founded in 1884 as a seminary, under 
private management, and was bought in 1894 by a board of trus- 
tees representing the Baptists of Southern Illinois, and a college 

68 



///, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Evanston and Chicago. 

charter was secured from the State. The college department 
offers two courses, classical and scientific, which lead respectively 
to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Philosophy. 
The other departments are preparatory, teachers', business, and 
music. 

BROWN'S DECATUR BUSINESS COLLEGE, Library 
Building, Decatur, H. M. Owen, Principal. (See Brown's Busi- 
ness Colleges.) 

ILLINOIS COLLEGE OF PHOTOGRAHY, Effingham, L. H. 
Bissell, President, was the first of its kind in this country, and was 
founded for the purpose of preparing men and women to become 
artistic photographers. Each department is under the charge of a 
competent instructor, and a general insight is given into the entire 
business of all branches required in a first class studio. The 
departments comprise business methods of photography, chem- 
istry, laboratory work, process work, carbon, bas-relief, etc. ; 
lighting, posing, and artistic retouching; artistic printing and dark 
room work ; and printing and process work. The approximate 
cost of a course in the school, including board, room, tuition, etc., 
is from $100 to $140. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, Evanston and Chicago, 
Henry Wade Rogers, LL. D., President, is non-sectarian but under 
the general control of the M. E. Church. It was chartered by the Illi- 
nois General Assembly in 1851, and the first president was chosen 
two years later. The College of Liberal Arts, the first department 
to be organized, was opened in 1855, the Medical School was estab- 
lished in connection with the University in 1869, the Law School 
in 1873, the School of Pharmacy in 1887, the Dental School in 
1888, the Woman's Medical School in 1892, and the School of 
Music in 1895. The Garrett Biblical Institute has been in opera- 
tion since 1856, and is open to young men from any evangelical 
church who are suitable persons to prepare for the Christian min- 
istry. Affiliated with it are the Norwegian-Danish Theological 
School and the Swedish Theological Seminary. The Theological 
Schools, College of Liberal Arts, Academy, and School of Music 
are at Evanston, twelve miles from the centre of the city ; the other 
departments of the University are located in Chicago. Officers 
of instruction and government number over 230 ; students, over two 
thousand. Admission is by examination and by certificate from 
accredited schools. There is a gymnasium under the supervision 
of a competent director, numerous well equipped laboratories, a 
library of nearly forty thousand volumes, several museums with 
extensive collections, and an astronomical observatory containing 
one of the finest refracting telescopes in the country. The degrees 
in course are : Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, Bachelor 

69 



Evanston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

of Science, and Bachelor of Letters. In the other departments of 
the University the following degrees are given : Doctor of Medi- 
cine, Bachelor of Laws, Pharmaceutical Chemist, Graduate in 
Pharmacy, Doctor of Dental Surgery, Bachelor of Divinity, and 
Doctor of Philosophy. 

THE WINCHELL ACADEflY, a home and day school for 
both sexes, 1202 Chicago Avenue, Evanston, S. R. Winchell, Prin- 
cipal, was established in the beautiful and classic Evanston, twelve 
miles from Chicago, on the shore of Lake Michigan, in 1894, and 
was incorporated by the State in 1896. The buildings are two in 
number, equipped for school work, and with home accommodations 
for not more than twelve children. There are three departments, 
primary, grammar, and academic ; and three courses, college pre- 
paratory, business, and music; the work of which employs six 
teachers. 

BROWN'S QALESBURQ BUSINESS COLLEGE, Commer 
cial Block, Galesburg, W. F. Cadwell, Principal. (See Brown's 
Business Colleges.) 

KNOX COLLEGE (co-educational), Galesburg, John H. Finley, 
Ph. D., LL. D., President, was chartered on February 15, 1837, as 
" The Knox Manual Labor College," the object as set forth in the 
charter being to " qualify young men in the best manner for 
the various professional and business occupations of society, by 
carrying into effect a thorough system of mental, moral, and physi- 
cal education, and so reduce the expenses of such education, by 
manual labor and other means, as shall bring it within the reach 
of every young man of industry and promise." In February, 1857, 
the present corporate name of " Knox College " was adopted. It 
has a full staff of professors and instructors, is well equipped, and 
offers three courses, each requiring four years of study. The 
classical course has a foundation of ancient languages and leads to 
the B. A. degree ; the scientific, of science, to the B. S. degree ; and 
the literary, of modern language, leads to the B. L. degree. The 
Master's degrees in arts and science are conferred by the trustees 
upon recommendation of the faculty. The expense is moderate. 
Connected with the college are Knox Academy, in charge of 
George Churchill, A. M., Ph. D., offering college preparation and 
a fine English course, valuable to those intending to become 
teachers ; Knox Conservatory of Music, directed by William F. 
Bentley, and offering a thorough course in music ; and the Knox 
School of Art, directed by Marion Crandall. 

LOMBARD UNIVERSITY, Galesburg, Charles Ellwood Nash, 
A. M., D. D., President, is a Universalist institution embracing 
four departments : College of Liberal Arts, Preparatory School, 

70 



///. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Greenville. 

Ryder Divinity School, and the School of Music and Art. The 
Illinois Liberal Institute, opened in 1852, was invested with 
college powers in 1853, and took its present name, Lombard 
University, in 1855. It was a pioneer in the policy of co-educa- 
tion. The location of the college is accessible and healthful, and 
the campus, containing thirteen acres, affords ample grounds for all 
athletic sports. There is an excellent gymnasium, a thoroughly 
equipped chemical laboratory, and a library of about seven thou- 
sand books. Admission to the College of Liberal Arts is by 
examination, by certificate, or by promotion from the Preparatory 
School. The degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, 
and Bachelor of Letters are conferred in course. An effort is 
made to study the individual needs of each student. The choice 
of electives is very wide, but the courses elected are subject to the 
approval in every case of the student's official adviser, who is some 
member of the faculty appointed especially to oversee his work. 
A small tuition fee is paid for each subject pursued. 

fiONTICELLO SEniNARY, Godfrey, Harriet N. Haskell, Prin- 
cipal. This institution for the higher and Christian education of 
women and girls claims justly to be the oldest in the West, with 
prescribed curriculum for graduation ; independent instructors of 
each department ; buildings especially prepared and equipped for 
educational work. The Seminary was founded by Benjamin God- 
frey, February, 1835 '> was opened to students, and regular classes 
were organized, April n, 1838. Buildings and lands were com- 
mitted (by deed of trust from founder) to a self perpetuating 
Board of Trustees, February, 1840. The institution was incorpo- 
rated, by the authority of the State of Illinois, February, 1841, 
and the same year the first class was graduated. The present 
Principal was appointed March 22, 1867. The location is attrac- 
tive and healthful. The campus proper comprises fifty acres. 
Board and tuition in all English, Latin, Greek, French, German, 
and scientific studies, in course, are for the year $300. Music and 
art are the only extras. Daughters of clergymen can receive finan- 
cial aid from the students' fund or scholarships. 

GREENVILLE COLLEGE, Greenville, the Rev. Wilson 
Thomas Hogg, Ph. B., President, is located at the county seat 
of Bond County, in the centre of a thriving agricultural district. 
It was established in 1855 as a school for young ladies only, 
and in 1857 was incorporated as Almira College. In 1892 the 
property was purchased by the Central Illinois Conference of the 
Free Methodist Church. Under its new management it became 
co-educational, and was legally incorporated under the name of 
Greenville College, with the power of granting the usual degrees. 
It includes the following departments : College of liberal arts, 



Jacksonville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

school of theology, preparatory school, and normal school. In 
addition there is a business college, school of music, and school 
of art. Tuition in the college department is $24 per semester of 
twenty weeks. 

ACADEMY FOR YOUNG WOMEN, Jacksonville, E. F. 
Bullard, A. M., President. Jacksonville, a beautiful city in cen- 
tral Illinois, long known for its schools, churches, charitable 
institutions, and literary societies, is in itself an educational centre 
and an ideal educational home. The school was organized in 
1830, the first of its kind in the West. Preparatory, classical, 
scientific, and college preparatory courses of study are offered. 

THE ILLINOIS CONSERVATORY OF Music AND SCHOOL OF .FINE 
ARTS are under the same management, affording advantages in 
these departments equal to the best found in the leading musical 
and art centres of the West. The terms for boarding pupils are 
$275 for the school year. 

BROWN'S BUSINESS COLLEGES, of which there are seven 
in number, are incorporated institutions, the officers being G. W. 
Brown, President, Jacksonville ; W. H. H. Garver, Vice-President, 
Peoria ; M. H. Owen, Secretary, Decatur. The schools all have 
their local principals, but President Brown has general charge, and 
supervises the courses of study and the methods and work of 
the teachers. During the year he gives an extended course of 
practical drills and lectures on the main features of the course, 
as the study of Accounting, Business and Office Practice, Writing, 
Expert Accounting, What is Required of Stenographers, and the 
Elements of Success in Business. Brown's Business Colleges hold 
the only diploma awarded by the World's Columbian Exposition 
for methods of business training. 

JACKSONVILLE BUSINESS COLLEGE, corner Morgan and Kos- 
ciusko Streets, Jacksonville, G. E. Nettleton, Principal. (See 
Brown's Business Colleges.) 

ST. FRANCIS ACADEMY, Joliet, conducted by Sisters of 
St. Francis, is a chartered institution for young women. The 
religious direction of the school is under the Franciscan Fathers. 
The proximity to Chicago, thirty-seven miles distant, and acces- 
sible by several leading lines, is a distinct advantage, and the 
location, in the most elevated part of the city, is unsurpassed for 
healthfulness. The building, constructed of stone, has every 
modern accommodation, and the grounds are extensive. Moral 
training is the leading object, but its intellectual discipline is- 
thorough. There are three departments : Primary, intermediate or 
grammar, and academic. Courses are offered in art and music. Non- 
Catholic pupils need not attend religious instruction in class, but 

72 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Knoxville. 



the common exercises, as morning and evening prayers and divine 
service, are compulsory for all students. Expenses are $75 per 
session of five months. 

ST. MARY'S SCHOOL, Knoxville, the Rev. Charles W. Lef- 
fingwell, D. D., Rector, Emma Pease Howard, Principal, is an 
incorporated institution under the patronage of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. It was opened in 1868 by the present rector, 
and the new building, which has since been twice enlarged, was 
completed in 1883. Every modern requirement in the way of 
appointments and appliances is met, the present plan of the 
building being the result of thirty years' experience in school 




ST. FRANCIS ACADEMY. 

management. Provision is made not only for mental discipline, 
but also for physical culture. Careful attention is paid and 
direction given to gymnastic training, athletic sports, and general 
health. A competent physician, with the aid of experienced 
matrons, has charge of the household. The fact that the school 
is still administered by those who founded it thirty years ago is 
worth noting. Preparatory, collegiate, music, art, and elocution 
courses are offered, and the distinctive aim is thoroughness and 
adaptability to the requirements of young women preparing for 
life. The faculty and officers number about twenty. Annual 
expenses for board and tuition in the full course or any part of it 
are $400. For daughters of the clergy, $300. 

73 




Lake Forest. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

FERRY HALL SEMINARY, Lake Forest. In 1856 business 
men of Chicago, through the solicitation of the Presbyterians of 
that city, organized a loan company to buy grounds for the site 
and the endowment of an institution of higher education. This 
company bought thirteen hundred acres, now covered by Lake 
Forest, and set off. one-half of the land for the use of this institu- 
tion. Lake Forest University was organized in 1857. In 1868 
the trustees received from the Rev. William M. Ferry, of Grand 
Haven, Mich., certain bequests, on condition that a seminary 
should be opened for young ladies, and that the building should 
be erected on the park set aside for such a purpose. Additional 
funds were secured, and a substantial brick building was erected. 
In September of 1869 Ferry Hall Seminary opened, with an 
enrolment of sixty-six students. The school is steadily growing. 
The building has been enlarged to twice its original size. A 
beautiful Gothic chapel has been added, and the grounds have 
been beautified. The dominant thought in all plans for Ferry 
Hall, from its inception to the present, has been intellectual 
development for the sake of increased Christian usefulness. 
During this first quarter of a century of its life, more than two 
thousand young women have been enrolled as students, represent- 
ing thirty-one States and Territories. Its area of influence has 
not been limited by the boundaries of our own country. In the 
early days the republic of Honduras sent students here. Mis- 
sionaries have carried its teachings to China and Persia. The 
past record has been one of earnest purpose, steady growth, and 
increased power, and the future gives promise of equal progress. 

LINCOLN UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Lincoln, A. E. Tur- 
ner, A. M., President, was founded in 1865, and is controlled by the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church. The value of its property and 
endowment is $115,000. The courses offered embrace a classical, 
scientific, and an English course. Connected with the University 
is a preparatory school and a college of music. The total expenses 
for a year are $175. 

flENDOTA COLLEGE, Mendota, Prof. M. L. Gordon, Acting 
President, was founded in 1893, and is incorporated under the 
laws of the State of Illinois. The aim of the institution is to 
furnish education in the liberal arts, sciences, languages, and 
theology at the lowest possible cost. The college is situated at 
Mendota, a thriving city eighty-three miles west of Chicago, and 
at the junction of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy and Illinois 
Central Railroads. The college contains the following depart- 
ments : Preparatory and collegiate, commercial, shorthand and 
typewriting, theological, and musical. Tuition in the college 
courses is $40. 

74 



///. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Naperville. 

flORQAN PARK ACADEMY, Morgan Park, Charles H. 
Thurber, A. M., Dean, is the preparatory department of Chicago 
University, and is situated about thirteen miles south from the 
centre of Chicago, and eight southwest from the University 
site. The school is divided into a lower and a higher academy, 
covering, respectively, the work of the first and of the second 
two years of the course. The total expenses average $320 a 
year. 

THE FRANCES SHIMER ACADEflY, of the University of 
Chicago, formerly Mt. Carroll Seminary, Mt. Carroll, the Rev. 
William P. McKee, Dean. This is the largest high grade academy 
for girls west of Chicago. It employs only college trained teachers 
in the scholastic department, and the examinations are given by 
the University of Chicago. Pupils enter there and at other 
American colleges without reexamination. The principals in 
music and art were trained in Europe. The locality is one of 
the most healthful in the country, high rolling ground, free from 
malaria. No sickness has ever originated in the school. A 
limited number of pupils are allowed to help with the housework, 
and thus to diminish expense. The charges are from $210 per 
year up. 

flOUNT MORRIS COLLEGE, Mount Morris, J. G. Royce, 
A. M., President, is under the direction of the Brethren or Dunkers, 
and aims to give practical mental culture under Christian auspices. 
There are seminary, academic, business, art, and music depart- 
ments. In all of these, work may be taken by correspondence. 
A year's expenses, including board, are a little over $100. 

NORTH=WESTERN COLLEGE AND UNION BIBLICAL 
INSTITUTE, Naperville, Du Page County, the Rev. H. J. Kiek- 
hoefer, Ph. D., President. The institution began under the name 
of Plainfield College, and opened a preparatory department in 
1 86 1. In 1864 the name was changed to the present one, and in 
1865 a college charter was obtained from the Legislature. In 
1870 the college was removed from Plainfield, its first location, 
to Naperville, twenty-eight miles from Chicago. It has been, 
from its organization, under the control of the Evangelical 
Association. Admission to the college is on examination, and, 
in specified cases, on certificate from accredited schools. There 
are seven departments : Collegiate, preparatory, academic, Ger- 
man, commercial, music, and art. The following collegiate degrees 
are conferred in course : Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, 
Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Literature. Tuition in the 
preparatory department is $4 per term ; in the college, $6. 

75 



Normal. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

ILLINOIS STATE NORMAL UNIVERSITY, Normal, John 
W. Cook, LL. D., President, was established in 1857. The insti- 
tution contains two departments, the normal and the practice, the 
latter a school of twelve grades. The former offers three courses : 
The regular English course of three years, a classical course of 
four years a two years' course for graduates of accredited high 
schools. 

BROWN'S OTTAWA BUSINESS COLLEGE, corner Colum- 
bus and Madison Streets, Ottawa, G. W. Brown, Jr., Principal. 
(See Brown's Business Colleges.) 

RICE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Paxton, G. A. Elliott, 
A. B., Principal, was founded in 1877, under the name of Paxton 
Collegiate Institute. Its name was subsequently changed in 
honor of Edwin Rice, Esq., a friend of the institution. The two- 
fold object of the school comprises preparing for college, and 
fitting for the duties of practical life. The entire annual expenses 
need not exceed $135. 

BROWN'S PEORIA BUSINESS COLLEGE, corner South 
Jefferson Avenue and Harrison Street, W. H. H. Garver, Princi- 
pal. (See Brown's Business Colleges.) 

PRINCEVILLE ACADEMY, Princeville, R. B. Gushing, A. B., 
Principal, Edward Auten, Secretary, has been supported since 
1887 by citizens of Princeville, who wished to furnish for the 
young men and women of their community a high grade prepara- 
tory school at home, and to make for the village a school atmos- 
phere. Graduates of the Academy are admitted on certificate to 
Williams, Wellesley, Oberlin, and Knox Colleges. The classical 
course comprises four years of Latin, three of Greek and one of 
French or German, and the Latin-English and scientific courses 
are of a correspondingly high standard. The teachers are college 
graduates, chosen for their scholarship and personal character. 
Military drill, physical culture, class singing, and rhetorical work 
are taught as school exercises. Tuition in the academy is $10 
per term of twelve weeks. Board is found in private families. 

ROCKFORD COLLEGE, Rockford, Phebe T. Sutliff, A.M., 
President. The college was chartered in 1847, f r tne purpose of 
providing for the collegiate education of young women. The con- 
ditions for living are comfortable and hygienic, and the teachers 
are specialists representing the highest institutions at home and 
abroad. Thorough courses in music and art are offered in addi- 
tion to the regular college curriculum. The expenses for tuition, 
board, room, and washing are $300 per year. 

76 



///. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Warren. 

AUGUSTANA COLLEGE AND THEOLOGICAL SEMI- 
NARY, Rock Island, the Rev. O. Olsson, D. D., Ph. D., President, 
was founded under the auspices of the Swedish-American Luther- 
ans, who seceded from the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Northern 
Illinois in the year 1860, and resolved to organize a synod, and to 
establish a theological seminary of their own. The institution was 
temporarily located at Chicago, but removed to Paxton in 1863, and 
thence to its present seat in 1875. It was first a theological and 
preparatory school only, but was incorporated as a college in 1863, 
and chartered in 1865. In 1887 a conservatory of music was 
added, and, in the following year, a business college. In 1891 a 
normal department was established. Total expenses for the year 
range from $135 to $175. 

TOULON ACADEMY, Toulon, Lewis A. Morrow, M. A., Prin- 
cipal, is an incorporated institution which prepares for college. 
Four regular courses are offered : Classical, Latin-science, English 
or business, and music. Several colleges, including Oberlin, re- 
ceive graduates on certificate. Tuition is $10 per term. 

WESTERN MILITARY ACADEMY (Wyman Institute), Up- 
per Alton, Albert Matthews Jackson, A. M., Principal. Founded 
in 1878 by Edward Wyman, LL.D., as Wyman Institute, this school 
was incorporated under the present name in 1892. It is located 
on an area of fifty acres, including lawn, lake, grove, and meadow. 
St. Louis is twenty miles distant, and easily accessible. The six 
academy buildings are of modern construction, are lighted by elec- 
tricity and gas, heated by hot water and hot air, and provided 
with an ideal system of drainage. Thorough preparation is given 
for any college or scientific school in the United States ; in addi- 
tion, sufficient military training is offered to fit graduates to 
become officers of the militia, and, in the event of war, to organize 
and drill volunteers. By statutory provision the academy is a 
Post in the Illinois National Guard. An army officer is detailed 
by the United States government as professor of military science 
and tactics, and the national government provides also necessary 
arms and equipments. There are two educational departments, 
the grammar school and the academic. Annual expenses, $450. 

WARREN ACADEMY, Warren, has an enrolment of between 
one and two hundred students, and is co-educational. Its gradu- 
ates are admitted to any college without examination, and the 
best record made at the University of Chicago, in the spring of 
1895, was made by a graduate of Warren Academy. It has excel- 
lent facilities by way of libraries, museums, and laboratories. The 
faculty numbers nine. Preparation for leading universities is a 
specialty, with broadly planned courses of study. 

77 



Wheaton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///. 

WHEATON COLLEGE, Wheaton, Chas. A. Blanchard, A. M., 
D. D., President, is situated twenty-five miles west from Chicago, 
on the Chicago and North- Western Railway. It was chartered in 
1860, by the State Legislature of Illinois, for the purpose of 
higher education. It is under the control of Congregationalists, 
and has five departments : The college, the preparatory school, the 
art school, the conservatory of music, and the business college. 
The courses in college are all four years in length ; in the prepara- 
tory school, three years. The length of time required for gradua- 
tion from the other departments depends upon the advancement 
of the pupil at the time of beginning work. There are now sixteen 
professors and instructors, and were in 1897 and 1898 over three 
hundred pupils. The expenses are about $200 per year. The 
school is founded upon the Bible, and makes the teaching of 
the English Bible a leading feature throughout. 

TODD SEMINARY FOR BOYS, Woodstock, Noble Hill, Prin- 
cipal. The oldest boys' school in the Northwest, founded in 1848, 
by the Rev. R. K. Todd, A. M. The location 
is ideal, being situated in the most elevated 
town in the State of Illinois, almost one thou- 
sand feet above sea level, surrounded by a 
rolling country of wonderful beauty and fer- 
tility, and unsurpassed for healthfulness. 
There has never been a serious case of sick- 
ness or a death in the school during the entire 
half century of its existence. It is near 
enough to Chicago to be easy of access from 
all parts of the country. The equipments of 
NOBLE HILL. the school are ample for all purposes, and 

include a fine gymnasium. The general ap- 
pearance of the buildings and grounds is homelike in the extreme, 
and all lighted by electricity. The school is designed especially 
to meet the needs of boys of the public school age. The number is 
limited to thirty. No day pupils are admitted, and boys of vicious 
habits are carefully excluded. The course of instruction begins with 
the earliest school age, and covers that critical period in a boy's edu- 
cation which demands constant personal supervision, such as few 
parents have the time or inclination to bestow upon it. This work 
cannot be successfully undertaken by a large preparatory school, 
and not many schools are giving special attention to it. 




hid.. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Culver. 



INDIANA. 

FRIENDS* BLOOMINGDALE ACADEMY, Bloomingdale, 
Parke County, Irving King, A. B., Principal, has a preparatory, 
an academic, and a teachers' normal course. On completing the 
first of these, the student can enter the sophomore class of most 
Western colleges. Eighty per cent, of the graduates of the 
Academy have continued their work in college. 

THE INDIANA UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Bloomington, 
Joseph Swain, LL. D., President, is centrally located about sixty 
miles southwest of Indianapolis. It was founded in 1820, and 
is the head of the public school system of the State. It is sup- 
ported by funds derived from the original land grants of the 
United States government, and from the funds of the State, 
partly by a permanent endowment, partly by direct legisla- 
tive appropriations, and partly by a specific tax. The faculty 
and officers number over eighty, and the student body about 
one thousand, of whom one-third are women. Admission is by 
examination and by certificate from commissioned high schools. 
Certificates of license as teachers will be received in place of an 
examination in the common branches. The following degrees are 
conferred : Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Letters, Bachelor of 
Science, Bachelor of Philosophy, Bachelor of Laws, Master of 
Arts, Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy. 

THE CULVER MILITARY ACADEMY, Lake Maxinkuckee, 
Culver, was founded, endowed, and presented to the State of 
Indiana by the late Mr. H. H. Culver, of St. Louis, Mo., and his 
family. The school is situated on the shore of the beautiful Lake 
Maxinkuckee, in a park of eighty acres, the place being famed 
throughout the State for its beauty and picturesqueness. The 
buildings are handsome, and absolutely fire-proof, and a new 
barracks to meet present demands is to be erected, this being the 
second largest military school of its kind in the United States. 
The academy owns the famous " Black Horse Troop," of Cleve- 
land, O., which escorted William McKinley at his inauguration, 
and has the finest riding hall in America for cavalry purposes. 
It is one of the few preparatory schools in the country which, on 
examination, was affiliated with the University of Chicago, and 
offered a scholarship by that institution to one of its graduates 
who held highest rank in his class. Colonel A. F. Fleet, A. M., 
LL. D., formerly professor of Greek in the University of Missouri, 
and ex-superintendent of the Missouri Military Academy, is at 
the head of the institution. 

79 



Crawfordsville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ind. 

WABASH COLLEGE, Crawfordsville, a non-sectarian college 
for young men only, George S. Burroughs, LL.D., President, was 
founded in 1832, receiving its charter from the State of Indiana 
in 1834. It devotes to college training in the liberal arts and pure 
science invested funds and a thoroughly appointed plant together 
amounting to a million dollars. Its campus has forty acres ; its 
buildings are seven in number, exclusive of dormitories. The 
Yandes Library contains thirty-five thousand volumes. The con- 
tents of the Hovey Museum of Natural History are valued at over 
$50,000. Ten scientific laboratories are thoroughly equipped with 
modern appliances. It is the policy of the trustees of the college 
to limit the number of its students to three hundred, in order to 
bring about the best development of personality through intimate 
contact with teachers. It is offering an education of the highest 
standard, at the same time its expenses are exceedingly low. Honor 
scholarships and loan funds place an education within the reach of 
all who desire it. Special endowed scholarships are offered to 
those who design to make teaching a profession. 

ST. AUGUSTINE'S ACADEMY, Fort Wayne, is conducted by 
the Sisters of Providence. It is a boarding school for girls, and 
especial care is taken of the health of its pupils. The terms for 
tuition, board, and laundry per session of five months are $75. 
For music and art extra charges are made. 

GIRLS' CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 824 N. Pennsylvania Street, 
Indianapolis, Mrs. May Wright Sewall (Northwestern University), 
A.M., Principal. The Girls' Classical 
School was founded in 1882 by Theo- 
dore Lovett Sewall (Harvard), A. B., 
A. M., LL. D., and was designed to 
give girls a thorough preparation for 
all colleges that admit women and to 
provide higher courses for the benefit 
of girls unable to attend college but still 
desirous of extended study. In Septem- 
ber, 1886, a school residence was opened 
and almost immediately filled. The resi- 

Girls' Classical School Residence. -i i'j_-i 11 i T 

635 N. Pennsylvania Street. dence is a little more than one block dis- 
tant from the school building proper ; both 

the school building and the residence are large, commodious, and 
elegant ; in both, the most careful attention is paid to lighting, ven- 
tilation, and plumbing ; the hygienic conditions are as perfect as 
possible. In 1897 a kindergarten was added, in which both boys and 
girls of three or four years are received and prepared for the lower 
primary department. Boys are retained through the lower and the 
upper primary departments. Beyond the upper primary depart- 
So 




Ind. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Hanwer. 

ment, which children finish at the age of eleven or twelve, the 
school receives only girls. The intermediate department (in which 
the course of study includes one year of Latin and one year of 
algebra) prepares girls for the advanced department. French is 
taught through the entire thirteen years of the school course, the 
Berlitz method being used from the lower primary department. 
All colleges that admit women on certificate accept the certificate 
of this school ; the school sends an unusual percentage of its stu- 
dents to the best colleges. The faculty includes nineteen teachers ; 
only professionally trained teachers are employed, and in the ad- 
vanced department no teacher is engaged who has not a degree 
from some one of the best institutions in the country ; many of the 
teachers have done post-graduate university work, and have enjoyed 
the advantages of foreign travel and study. The classes are small 
and the pupils are therefore enabled to receive a relatively large 
amount of individual attention from the 
corps of accomplished and experienced 
teachers. English literature is made 
prominent through the entire course, 
which is flexible, and can be altered if 
found expedient. The director of the 
gymnasium is a graduate with honors of 
the normal course in Baron Nils Posse's 
Gymnasium, Boston, Mass., and all pupils 
receive a lesson from the director of from 
twenty to forty minutes daily. One at- Girichcai School 




tractive feature Of the School is a Course 82 N - Pennsylvania Street. 

of Friday lectures by eminent writers and educators. The charges 
for pupils in the residence, home and tuition, are $500 per year. 

FRANKLIN COLLEGE, Franklin, the Rev. W. T. Stott, D.D., 
President, is the only institution of higher learning under the con- 
trol of the Baptists of Indiana. It was begun in 1834 as a Manual 
Labor Institute, was chartered in 1844. It offers courses for the 
degrees of A. B., Ph. B., and B. S. There are eleven members of 
the faculty, and twelve thousand volumes in the libraries. Neces- 
sary college expenses for a year vary from $150 to $250. 

HANOVER COLLEGE, (co-educational), Hanover, D. W. 
Fisher, LL. D., President, has grown out of a Presbyterian 
school, Hanover Academy, incorporated in 1829. The academy 
was incorporated in 1833 as Hanover College. In 1880 it was 
opened to women. The undergraduate degrees are B. A. and 
B. S. There are several higher degrees conferred upon specified 
conditions. Since the college is almost entirely supported by an 
endowment fund, there is no charge for tuition, and the entire 
annual expenditures of a student average about $150. 

81 



Indianapolis. WHERE TO EDUCATE. fnd. 

INDIANA DENTAL COLLEGE, corner Ohio and Delaware 
Streets, Indianapolis. (See University of Indianapolis). 

BUTLER COLLEGE, the Department of the Liberal Arts, 
University of Indianapolis, Irvington. 

UNIVERSITY OF INDIANAPOLIS, Department of Arts, 
" Butler College," Irvington, Indianapolis, Scot Butler, President. 
Butler College is well prepared to meet all demands made upon it. 
It has a competent faculty of instructors ; it is conducted on modern 
methods ; it is provided with thoroughly equipped laboratories, a 
well-selected library, a commodious reading-room, a gymnasium fur- 
nished with requisite apparatus. Its buildings, five in number, are 
modern in construction and well suited to the purposes for which they 
were designed. They are lighted by electricity and heated by steam, 
and occupy a campus ample in extent. Thorough courses are offered 
in various lines of study adapted to the special needs of students 
preparing for professional, literary, or scientific pursuits. The 
institution is co-educational, and the interests of women students 
are carefully considered. Irvington, the seat of the college, is a 
healthful and pleasant residence suburb of Indianapolis, connected 
with the city by electric street car line. The Department of Medi- 
cine of the University is the Medical College of Indiana, at Indian- 
apolis, Jos. W. Marsee, M. D., Dean ; the Department of Law is 
the Indiana Law School, at Indianapolis, W. P. Fishback, Dean , 
and the Department of Dental Surgery is the Indiana Dental Col- 
lege, corner Ohio and Delaware Streets, Indianapolis, John N. 
Hurty, M. D., Ph. D., President, Harry S. Hicks, D. D. S., Secretary 
and Treasurer. The last named is a member of the National Asso- 
ciation of Dental Faculties, and is recognized by the National 
Association of Dental Examiners. The fees are $105 per year for 
the three years of the course, with a diploma fee of $10. Board 
may be obtained at prices ranging from $2.50 to $4 a week. 

JASPER COLLEGE, Jasper. (See St. Meinrad's College.) 

HOWE COLLEGE, Lima, the Rev. John Heyward McKenzie, 
Ph. D., Rector, William Wallace Hammond, Head Master, was 
opened in September, 1884. It received its name in memory of 
the late Hon. John B. Howe, of Lima, who had died the previous 
year, leaving a liberal bequest to be devoted to the cause of educa- 
tion. It is the aim of the school to prepare boys and young men 
for the best colleges and scientific schools, and for business. To 
this end a fine intellectual training is offered, supplemented by 
military, gymnastic, and athletic training, and by careful moral 
and religious instruction. There is a lower, middle, and upper 
school, and a commercial course. The institution is organized 

82 



2nd. WHERE TO EDUCATE. St. Mary's. 

on a military system, the rules and regulations being based upon 
those in vogue at West Point. The charge for tuition, board, use 
of arms and equipments is $360 per annum. 

ST. flARY'S ACADEMY, Notre Dame, under the direction 
of the Sisters of the Holy Cross, was chartered February 28, 1855. 
The buildings, located on an eminence overlooking the St. Joseph 
River, are of cream-colored brick with stone trimmings. They are 
spacious and comfortable, and especially adapted to school pur- 
poses. The students are assigned, according to age, to the senior, 
junior, or minim department. Girls under twelve are placed in 
the minim department ; between the ages of twelve and fifteen, 
in the junior department, and each department has its own study- 
hall, playgrounds, and sleeping apartments. Although a Catholic 
institution, St. Mary's welcomes to its advantages and respects the 
religious beliefs of pupils of every denomination. The course of 
study provides for a liberal education, beginning with elementary 
work, and passing by degrees to the higher studies of the advanced 
course, which course offers the ordinary college degrees. Music, 
elocution, drawing and painting, stenography, and domestic economy 
are taught, under the direction of able teachers. For catalogue 
giving full information, address, Directress of the Academy, St. 
Mary's Academy, Notre Dame P. O., Indiana. 

OAKLAND CITY COLLEGE, Oakland City, W. P. Dear- 
ing, A. B., Dean, is incorporated under the laws of Indiana, 
and confers the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Letters, 
and Bachelor of Science. It has, in addition to collegiate courses, 
a teachers' course, a school of music, and a department of theology. 
Tuition is $30 per year. 

EARLHAM COLLEGE, Richmond, Joseph J. Mills, LL.D., 
President, opened nearly fifty years ago under the name of " Friends' 
Boarding School," was a pioneer in the work of co-education in 
America. While conducted under the auspices of the Orthodox 
Friends, it is un sectarian. Four departments make up the col- 
lege : The college proper, a Biblical, preparatory, and a summer 
school. The following degrees are conferred : Bachelor of Arts, 
Bachelor of Philosophy, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Literature, 
Bachelor of Music. Under certain specified conditions the Master's 
degree will be awarded on examination. The department of music 
is exceptionally strong, and offers a course of five years. The total 
expense to boarding students for one year is $215. 

ST. MARY'S ACADEMIC INSTITUTE, St. Mary's, Vigo 
County. Four miles west of Terre Haute stands one of the pio- 
neer educational institutions of the State, St. Mary's of the 
Woods. This institution was founded in 1840 by Sisters of 



St. Meinrad. WHERE TO EDUCATE. ///,/. 

Providence from Ruille-sur-Loir, province of Brittany, France, 
and was incorporated by an act of the State Legislature in 1846. 
As an educational establishment, it ranks among the first in the 
country, its curriculum embracing every branch of a refined and 
thorough education. The grounds and buildings are in keeping 
with the high standard of its educational facilities, the beauties 
of these seem to be the material expression of the mental culture 
within. But the best praise that can be given such an institution 
is in the devoted attachment of its pupils, and this St. Mary's 
enjoys in a remarkable degree, as may be seen by a visit to the 
study hall where many of the present students occupy the very 
desks which once accommodated older members of their families. 
In the United States, St. Mary's of the Woods is the principal 
house of the Sisters of Providence, whose schools now extend 
through Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Nebraska, and Massachusetts. 

ST. MEINRAD COLLEGE AND SEMINARY, St. Meinrad, 
the Rt. Rev. Athanasius Schmitt, O. S. B., Rector, was opened for 
the education of young men, January i, 1857, and has developed 
since its establishment into an institution with three distinct 
departments and faculties : St. Meinrad Seminary, St. Meinrad 
College, and Jasper College. These three departments are con- 
ducted by the Fathers of the Benedictine Order. The first two, 
for ecclesiastical students, are at St. Meinrad ; the last named, for 
secular students, is at Jasper. All three departments were incor- 
porated in 1890, under the title of St. Meinrad Abbey, and were 
empowered to confer collegiate degrees. Only Catholic students 
are admitted, except to the institution at Jasper. Terms per year, 
including board and tuition, are $150. 

SPICELAND ACADEflY, Spiceland, Henry County, M. S. 
Wildman, Superintendent, is the oldest secondary school in charge 
of Friends in Indiana. It was chartered as an academy in 1870, 
but its history as a Friends' school dates back more than sixty 
years. It is not sectarian, but its foundation rests upon Christian 
culture. Special attention is given to preparing students for col- 
lege, and graduates are admitted to any of the leading colleges of 
Indiana without examination. Special arrangements have been 
made ' to give those students desiring to teach, the opportunity 
of normal instruction. Classes of this character are maintained 
throughout the year in the legal branches. 

ROSE POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Terre Haute, Carl 
Leo Mees, Ph.D., President, was founded in 1874 by the late 
Chauncey Rose, of Terre Haute, and was opened March 7, 1883. 
It is devoted to the higher education of young men in engineering, 
provision being made for five parallel courses of study, as follows : 

84 



/. T: WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chelsea. 

Mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, 
architecture, and chemistry. Each course occupies four years, of 
three terms each. The degrees conferred are the Bachelor's and 
Master's in Science, in mechanical, electrical, civil, architectural, 
and chemical course, and the degree of mechanical, electrical, or 
civil engineer. Tuition is free to residents of Vigo County, Indi- 
ana. All others pay $75 per year. Board is obtainable in private 
families. 

INDIANA STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Terre Haute, Wil- 
liam W. Parsons, President, was opened on January 6, 1870. The 
professional training of teachers was an experiment in the State, 
and the school began its work with less than thirty pupils. So 
steady has been the growth in attendance, however, that, during 
the year ending June 30, 1898, 1,393 different students were 
enrolled. The school offers four courses of study : A four years' 
course, a three years' course for graduates of commissioned high 
schools, a three years' course for persons holding a three years' 
county license, and a one year's course for college graduates. Per- 
sons holding a life State license to teach in Indiana are credited 
with two years on the course, and are thus able to graduate in two 
years. 

VINCENNES UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Vincennes, 
Albert H. Yoder, President, was the second land grant college estab- 
lished by the United States government. Its history dates from 
1806, and William Henry Harrison was the president of the first 
Board of Trustees. During the past year there were in attend- 
ance 265 students from twenty-three counties of Indiana, and five 
different States. The faculty numbers sixteen. Work is offered 
in the following courses : Classical, scientific, modern language, 
pedagogical, medical, preparatory, military, vocal and instrumental 
music. The library contains over seven thousand volumes, and is 
especially rich in historical works. A cadetship has been estab- 
lished for each county of the State. During the Spanish-American 
war, eighty-five of the University cadets volunteered, and formed 
Company L, i59th Indiana Volunteers. Tuition fees are from $25 
to $35 a year; other expenses, $120. 

INDIAN TERRITORY. 

CHELSEA ACADEflY, Chelsea, Thomas L. Bates, Principal, 
is controlled by the Cherokee Presbytery of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, but is wholly unsectarian in spirit and 
policy. The work of the school is comprised in three depart- 
ments : Literary, music, and elocution. There are seven grades 
in the literary department, beginning with the primary. Tuition 
ranges from $1.25 to $2 per month. 

85 



Vinita. WHERE TO EDUCATE. /. T. 

WILLIE HALSELL COLLEGE (co-educational), Vinita, 
B. R. Morrison, M. A., President, is located within the limits of 
the Cherokee reserve. It is under the auspices of the M. E. 
Church, South. The main building, a four story structure of 
brick and stone, stands near the centre of the college grounds, 
which contain 160 acres of beautiful prairie. There are primary, 
intermediate, and preparatory departments, and in the college 
proper four-year courses in both arts and science. Instruction is 
also given in painting and music. Tuition varies from $1.25 
per month in the lowest primary grades to $4 in the junior and 
senior years of the college. 

IOWA. 

IOWA STATE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND flE=* 
CHANICAL ARTS, Ames, W. M. Beardshear, President, had 
its birth in the Morrill Endowment Act of Congress, July 2, 1862, 
donating public lands to the several States and Territories which 
might provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic 
arts. It was benefited by the " Morrill Bill " of 1890, and by the 
"Hatch Bill" of 1887, the funds from the latter source going to 
the support of an experiment station. The college buildings are 
modern and the equipment is good. The discipline is military. 
Tuition is free to residents of Iowa. 

COE COLLEGE (co-educational), Cedar Rapids, the Rev. S. B. 
McCormick, D. D., President, was founded in 1851, and chartered 
under the laws of the State of Iowa in 1881. It is under the care 
of the Presbyterian Synod of Iowa, and provides three courses, 
classical, philosophical, and scientific, each leading to the Bache- 
lor's degree and each extending through four years. Young women 
are admitted to the same privileges of all the departments as young 
men, and are subject to the same entrance examinations. Their 
home is at Williston Hall, which is presided over by the lady 
principal. 

COE ACADEMY is the preparatory department for the College, 
and students as young as twelve years may enter. The musical 
department offers an unusually thorough course, and is under the 
direction of Prof. E. M. C. Ezerman, formerly a student of the best 
European teachers. The expenses in all departments are moder- 
ate, and opportunities are offered for self-help. 

CRESCO NORHAL AND BUSINESS INSTITUTE, Cresco, 
M. O. Perry, Principal, has completed its fourth year with a large 
enrolment of students. There is a two years' normal, a common 
school, a college preparatory, a business, a shorthand and type- 

86 



Iowa. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Epivorth. 



writing, and a painting course. Tuition in the common school, 
college preparatory, and normal courses is $30 per year ; in the 
commercial department, for the full six months' course, is $25. 
Board and room are $2 to $2.50 per week. 

LUTHER COLLEGE, Decorah, the Rev. Laur Larsen, President. 
The Norwegian Luther College was opened hear La Crosse, Wis., 
in September, 1861, with two teachers, one being President Larsen. 
The following year it was removed to Decorah, where thirty acres 
of ground had been purchased for its location. October 14, 1865, 
the new building was dedicated. In 1889 it was destroyed by fire, 
but the following year another building was erected on the same 
foundation as the first. The college had originally six classes, and 
its main purpose was preparation for the theological seminary. In 
1 88 1 a seventh class was added, and the school was divided into 
a preparatory department of three, and a college proper of four 
classes. The B. A. degree has been conferred on 325 of its 
students. Its faculty numbers nine regular professors. 





EPWORTH SEMINARY. 

EPWORTH SEfllNARY, Epworth, the Rev. Frank G. Barnes, 
A. B., Principal. This school was founded in 1857 and is under 
the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church. It is charmingly 
located in a region of country which affords an excellent oppor- 
tunity for botanical and geological research. It has seven courses 
of study, each occupying four years : Classical, Latin scientific, 
German scientific, scientific, English, normal, and literary. The 
study of the Bible is made prominent in all the literary courses, 
and Bible classes are formed every term under the auspices of the 
Christian Associations. The school is fully accredited with a num- 
ber of the leading colleges and universities of the country. The 
expenses for the school year, including board, room, tuition, text- 
books, library and incidental fees, range from $90 to $140. 

87 



GrinnelL WHERE TO EDUCATE. Iowa. 

IOWA COLLEGE (co-educational), Grinnell, the Rev. George 
A. Gates, D. D., LL. D., President, began work in Davenport in 
1848, with one professor and two students. During the next ten 
years ten were graduated, and in 1859 the college was removed to 
Grinnell. Its work was much interrupted by the Civil War, but 
after 1865 its growth was constant and gratifying. The college 
Buildings number five, and others are to be erected. The museum, 
laboratories, and gymnasium are well equipped. Iowa College is 
unsectarian in spirit though Congregational in origin and influence. 
The departments are : The College, the Academy, and the School of 
Music. Two baccalaureate degrees are conferred, Bachelor of Arts 
and Bachelor of Philosophy, and the Master's degree is awarded 
for special work upon examination. The number of students in 
1898 was over five hundred. Tuition in the College is $50 a year ; 
in the Academy, $36 ; and in the School of Music, according to 
work. 

SlflPSON COLLEGE, Indianola, Warren County, the Rev. 
Fletcher Brown, President, was organized in 1867 by the Des 
Moines Conference of the M. E. Church. It has an available en- 
dowment of $65,000, several buildings, and ample grounds. The 
college consists of the following schools : College of Liberal Arts, 
embracing classical, philosophical, and scientific courses, four years 
each ; Simpson College Academy, offering courses of three years 
each fitting for the three courses in the College of Liberal Arts ; 
normal course, a four years' course for teachers ; School of Busi- 
ness, School of Shorthand and Typewriting, Conservatory of Music 
offering a four years' course, and School of Oratory and Physical 
culture. The college confers the usual Bachelor's and Master's 
degrees. Annual tuition, $38. 

STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Amos N. 
Currier, Acting President, was organized February 25, 1847, an d 
opened to students in 1855. The University was subsequently 
reorganized, and reopened on September 19, 1860. The Univer- 
sity comprises the following departments : Collegiate, law, medical, 
homoeopathic medical, dental, and pharmacy. In the collegiate de- 
partment four general courses of study are embraced, one classical, 
two philosophical, and one general scientific. Besides these there are 
two technical courses, civil engineering and electrical engineering. 
Students are admitted by examination or by presenting acceptable 
certificates. High schools by meeting certain specified conditions 
may, at the option of the collegiate faculty, be placed on the list 
of accredited schools. The material equipment includes valuable 
laboratories, an astronomical observatory, and a growing museum 
of natural history. Notwithstanding the loss of twenty-five thousand 
volumes by fire June 19, 1897, the present library numbers over 



Iowa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Providence. 

seventeen thousand books, and is receiving constant accessions. 
Beginning with the summer of 1899 the University will hold a 
summer session in the interests of teachers and others. In all 
departments of the University there are 1,313 different students. 
There are no dormitories or commons connected with the institu- 
tion. Tuition in the collegiate department is $25 per annum; in 
the dental, $75 ; homoeopathic medical, $65 ; law, $20 (per term of 
twelve weeks); medical, $65 per annum ; pharmacy, $75. 

COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, Keokuk, 
D. B. Hillis, M. D., President, was chartered in 1849. Tne work 
required of candidates for the degree of Doctor of Medicine covers 
four graded courses of six months each. The material plant in- 
cludes one of the finest college buildings in the West. It was built 
and is used exclusively for medical teaching, and occupies a cen- 
tral position in the city. Mercy Hospital, now in charge of the 
Order of Sisters of Mercy, is entirely controlled by the faculty of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons. The general lecture 
ticket for each of the three first years costs $20; for the senior 
year (including final examination fee), $22. 

CORNELL COLLEGE, Mount Vernon, William F. King, 
LL. D., President. This institution, which is under the control of 
the M. E. Church, is the largest denominational college in the 
United States west of Chicago. It has been chartered forty-one 
years, and has had a total enrolment of 18,508 students. The loca- 
tion is beautiful and healthful, and the attractive campus is crowned 
by five well equipped buildings. The laboratories and apparatus 
are adequate to modern demands, the library has 16,536 volumes, 
and the well appointed gymnasium is supplemented by athletic 
grounds of more than twenty acres. There are over thirty mem- 
bers of the faculty. The departments include academic, collegi- 
ate, normal, music, art, military, and commercial. Tuition, including 
incidental fees, $10 to $15 per term. Necessary expenses, includ- 
ing everything but clothing, $40 to $80 per term. In 1897-98 there 
were 571 students in attendance, of whom 312 were members of 
the regular college classes. In the college year of 1898-99 the 
trustees are engaged in raising a fund of $350,000 to further 
strengthen the endowment and other resourses of the college, and 
towards this amount they have already raised $135,000. 

NEW PROVIDENCE ACADEMY, New Providence, Albert 
F. Styles, A. M., Principal. This school, which has completed its 
sixteenth year, aims to maintain a high standard of work at small 
expense. Besides its regular academic it has a normal training 
department. Graduates are admitted without examination to the 
State University. A year's tuition is $25.50, and good board may 
be had for $2.50 a week. 

89 



Nora Springs. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Iowa. 

THE NORA SPRINGS SEfllNARY AND BUSINESS COL= 
LEGE, Nora Springs, H. A. Dwelle, Principal. The classical 
and scientific courses prepare for the freshman year in all colleges. 
The normal course prepares for all classes of teachers' certificates. 
The commercial and stenographers' courses prepare for business. 
Music, art, and elocution courses furnish general culture. The 
Seminary is provided with a beautiful campus, commodious build- 
ings, and complete apparatus. It is a non-sectarian school, but it 
is thoroughly Christian, and watches carefully the habits and char- 
acter of its students. All expenses for the entire year of thirty- 
eight weeks, $200. 

CENTRAL COLLEGE, Pella, Marion County, the Rev. Arthur 

B. Chaffee, D. D., President, is under the control of the Baptist 
denomination. The college, established in 1853, was chartered 
by its founder as a literary and theological institution of high 
grade. To this purpose it has aimed to be true. The collegiate 
department offers a four years' course leading to the degrees of 
A. B., Ph. B., B. S., and Th. B. Central Academy offers courses 
of four years each in preparatory studies. Other courses are 
teachers', commercial, music, art, and oratory and physical culture. 
Tuition per term is $8 in the collegiate, and $7 in the academic 
department. 

WESTERN NORMAL COLLEGE, Shenandoah, J. M. Hussey, 
M. S., President. A first-class college in a city which never had a 
saloon. Established in 1882, its building was destroyed by fire in 
1891, but the present edifice is one of the finest in the State. It 
contains more than forty-five rooms, is conveniently arranged, and 
is furnished with electric lights throughout and with both steam 
and hot water heat. Students may enter at any time and receive 
personal instruction from an able and enthusiastic corps of teachers. 
There are twelve courses and twenty-three departments. A few 
of the leading courses are the normal, scientific, classic, didactic, 
etc. The leading special courses are business, shorthand, phar- 
macy, etc. Degrees are awarded on the completion of certain 
courses, and diplomas are given in all. The school is co-educa- 
tional and non-sectarian. Tuition, one term of ten weeks, is $11 ; 
furnished room, $5 ; board, $16.50 to $22.50. 

TABOR COLLEGE (co-educational), Tabor, the Rev. Richard 

C. Hughes, President. Founded in 1866, the college has had 
during its history over 3,000 students. It has five buildings, well 
supplied laboratories and museum, and a library of 8,000 books. 
Strong emphasis is placed on religious instruction. While the 
college is unsectarian, it is under the general control of the Con- 
gregational Church. Affiliated with the college proper are the 

00 



Atchison. WHERE TO EDUCATE. A'ans. 

academy, which prepares for any college in the country, and the 
conservatory of music. Besides the usual branches of instruction 
in college, instruction is given in art, oratory, and gymnastics. 
There are two competent instructors in physical training, and the 
new gymnasium is adapted to both sexes. Tuition and inciden- 
tals per term are $13. 

KANSAS. 

fllDLAND COLLEGE (co-educational), Atchison, was founded 
in 1887 by the General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and is conducted under their auspices. In the collegiate 
department three courses of study are offered, the classical, the 
Latin-scientific, and the literary course, leading respectively to 
the A. B., the B. S. and the B. L. degrees. The limited elective 
system prevails. The preparatory department prepares for the 
freshman class in the college, and offers a good English course about 
equivalent to the best high school courses. The expenses are 
moderate. 

NAZARETH AC A DEITY, Concordia, is a Moravian school 
under the direction of the Sisters of Saint Joseph. The course of 
study is divided into primary, intermediate, grammar, and academic 
grades. The academic course embraces Christian teachings, 
history, civics, natural sciences, and languages. The elective 
studies are vocal and instrumental music, painting, and drawing. 

* SOULE COLLEGE, of the Methodist Episcopal Church (co- 
educational), Dodge City, the Rev. E. H. Vaughn, Ph. D., D. D., 
President. The buildings of this college were erected by the 
Hon. A. T. Soule, of Rochester, N. Y., and donated by his heirs 
to the M. E. Church in 1893. They are commodious and well 
furnished, while the campus of forty acres is laid out in walks and 
drives and is adorned with trees and shrubbery. Dodge City has 
an elevation of 2,500 feet above the sea level, a mean temperature 
of fifty-five degrees, and is well known as a health resort. The 
college courses are a preparatory, extending through three years 
and designed to furnish preparation for the college freshman 
class ; a normal, fitting for State certificates to teach ; the regular 
college course of a high standard, and a business course. The 
degrees conferred are the Bachelor's in arts, philosophy, science, 
literature, music, and the Doctor's in philosophy. The college is 
not endowed, but pays all expenses. The State has erected for it 
and donated to it an irrigation station, and a few young men pay 
their tuition by irrigating and cultivating the trees and ground and 
raising fruit and vegetables, which are used in the boarding-hall. 
One hundred and twenty-five dollars will pay for board, room, fuel, 
tuition, and incidental expenses for a school year of nine months. 

92 



Kans. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lccompton. 

THE KANSAS STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Emporia, A. 
R. Taylor, President. To show the popularity of this school it is 
necessary only to quote a few figures from the latest circular. 
The total enrolment for last year was 1,957, representing ninety- 
three counties in Kansas and nineteen different States and Terri- 
tories. More than seven hundred students held teachers' certifi- 
cates on entering, and more than two hundred were graduates of 
high schools, academies, or colleges. The school building is one 
of the largest of its class in the country, and the equipment is 
extensive and modern. The library has over thirteen thousand 
volumes ; the laboratories have abundant apparatus ; the art rooms 
have complete collections of casts and designs, and the model 
room has its full set of devices known to present-day pedagogy. 
The courses of study embrace the elementary, English, Latin, and 
academic. Tuition is free. The total expense for a term of 
twenty weeks, including books, board, fuel, and laundry, ranges 
from $35 to $75. 

THE KANSAS NORMAL COLLEGE, Fort Scott, E. J. 
Hoenshel, A. M., President, is an independent, non-sectarian, but 
decidedly Christian school, founded in 1877. It is the oldest 
independent school in the State. It comprises a normal college, 
a business college, and a conservatory of music. Board and room 
in private family can be had at $2 a week. 

HESPER ACADEMY, Hesper, Henry H. Townsend, Princi- 
pal, is an incorporated school established in 1884. It prepares 
students for any college or university in the West ; gives an excel- 
lent preparation for teaching in the common schools ; provides a 
Biblical course of study ; gives a practical business course, and 
instructs in vocal music and drawing. Total expenses for one 
year need not exceed $115. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS (co-educational), Law- 
rence, Francis Huntington Snow, Ph. D., LL. D., President, is at 
the head of the public school system of the State. It now com- 
prises the School of Arts, the School of Law, the School of Fine 
Arts, the School of Pharmacy, the School of Engineering, and the 
Graduate School. The usual degrees are conferred by the Uni- 
versity in its various departments. Tuition is free. There are no 
dormitories, but students find accommodations in the boarding- 
houses and homes of Lawrence at reasonable rates. 

LANE UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Lecompton, the Rev. 
Charles Morgan Brooke, D. D., President, was founded in 1864 by 
the United Brethren, and was named in honor of Gen. James 
H. Lane, the first United States Senator from Kansas. It is an 
accredited college under Kansas laws, and belongs to the State 

93 



Lincoln. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Kans. 

Association of Colleges. It offers all the regular courses of study 
common to a college of arts, and also has a music, normal, 
commercial, and a divinity school, the last conducted by Bishop 
J. S. Mills, D. D., LL. D. The Bachelor's degree is conferred in 
arts, science, and letters, also the corresponding Master's degree. 
The entire expense for one year varies from $75 to $125. 

KANSAS CHRISTIAN COLLEGE (co-educational), Lincoln, 
O. B. Whitaker, A. M., President, offers an elective course at very 
moderate rates. 

THE KANSAS STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, Man 

hattan, Thomas E. Will, President, is nearly forty years old. Its 
location is central and accessible. Its nine large stone buildings 
are valued at $237,000, and the college owns three hundred and 
thirty acres. The campus of sixty-five acres is one of the finest in 
the West. Over eight hundred students ; a faculty, including 
assistants, of about sixty ; a graduate list of nearly seven hundred 
names, these figures stand plainly for success and popularity. 
The institution is supported by the federal and State governments. 
With assured financial backing, it is enabled to offer practical and 
thorough courses of study. Of these, besides the apprentice 
courses, there are six : Agricultural, engineering, household eco- 
nomics, architectural, general, and dairy. A military department 
is also conducted by the college. Tuition is free. 

BETHEL COLLEGE (co-educational), Newton, was founded 
and is supported by the Bethel College Corporation of the Men- 
nonites of North America. The following departments are main- 
tained : The collegiate, as yet but partially realized ; the academic, 
with both English and German courses ; the school of music ; the 
department of elocution and physical culture ; the school of fine 
art; The Bible institute; and the commercial department. The 
boarding department is under the control of the school authorities, 
as are also the dormitories for students on the college grounds. 
Board and lodging may also be obtained with private families 
within convenient distance from the school. The school is open 
to all persons of good moral character. Expenses, including 
tuition, board, lodging, light, and fuel, vary from $100 to $150 per 
year of thirty-six weeks. 

NORTHBRANCH ACADEMY, Northbranch, A. H. Symons, 
B. S., Principal, opened in 1889, and was chartered under the laws 
of Kansas in 1890. It is under the supervision of the Society of 
Friends, but cooperates with all Christian bodies. The courses 
of study are classical, scientific, English-scientific, and normal, 
together with a partial business course. The school aims to sup- 
plement the common schools, to prepare for college, and to fit 

94 



A>. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Berea. 

teachers for their profession. Tuition for term of twelve weeks is 

$6 and $7. 

TONGANOXIE ACADEMY, Tonganoxie, W. A. George, Busi- 
ness Manager, was founded in 1884. It is incorporated, and is 
controlled by a company of stockholders. There are two courses 
of study, preparatory and academic. Diplomas from this school 
admit the holders, without examination, to Kansas University and 
to other colleges. 

WASHBURN COLLEGE, Topeka, George Marsh Herrick, 
Lit. D., President, was founded in 1865 under the auspices of the 
General Association of Congregational churches of Kansas. The 
site includes over 160 acres, and the college buildings number six. 
There is a Hall of Science which has a museum and several labora- 
tories, a library of over 7,500 volumes, and a thoroughly equipped 
gymnasium. Throughout its history the college has maintained a 
high standard in its requirements for admission and in its courses 
of study. The departments are college, academy, art, and music. 
Tuition is $40 per year. 

KENTUCKY. 

BELLEWOOD SEMINARY, Anchorage, W. G. Lord, Princi- 
pal. This school for young women was founded in 1861 and incor- 
porated in 1882. Home life and a spirit of mutual helpfulness 
are emphasized. Out-of-door exercise, Delsarte drills, simple and 
wholesome food, and daily visits of a physician are some of the 
provisions for maintaining health. A collegiate course leads to 
the degree of A. B. ; there is also a thorough course in college 
preparation. Music, art, stenography, typewriting, and elocution 
are among the branches taught. The regular charge for boarding 
pupils for one-half the school year is $90. 

ASHLAND COLLEGE, Ashland, Arthur H. Harrop, A.M., 
President, was founded in 1887. The college is under Methodist 
auspices, but is non-sectarian in its teachings. The preparatory 
and collegiate are the two general departments into which the 
college is divided, and the classical, scientific, and teachers' 
courses are offered. These lead respectively to the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts, of Science, and of Pedagogy. Tuition in the 
preparatory department is $8 per term and in the collegiate, $10. 
Other expenses are low. 

BEREA COLLEGE, Berea, on the Kentucky Central R. R., 
130 miles south of Cincinnati, in the edge of the Cumberland 
Mountains, was founded before the Civil War as a rallying point 
for free speech and Union sentiment, and assisted in holding 

95 



Bowling Green. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ky. 

Kentucky in the Union. The school is under strong religious 
influences, but is by its charter prohibited from sectarian control. 
Buildings and grounds are worth $140,000, and a movement for 
endowment is now in progress. It has about thirty instructors, 
and offers a four years' academic and a four years' collegiate 
course. The largest departments are normal and industrial. The 
location is specially favorable to health and inexpensive living. 
Berea draws many students from the North. A prominent feature 
of this institution is its remarkable work for the vigorous but 
belated population of the mountain region of the central South. 

OGDEN COLLEGE, Bowling Green, W. A. Obenchain, A. M., 
President, was organized in 1877 under a special charter from the 
Legislature of Kentucky, conferring full collegiate powers and 
privileges. Preparatory and collegiate departments, the latter 
offering three courses, classical, philosophical, and scientific, 
constitute the College. Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, 
and Bachelor of Science are the degrees conferred by the institu- 
tion. The fees for tuition for the entire academic year of forty 
weeks are as follows: Preparatory department, $25; collegiate 
department, $40. 

CALDWELL COLLEGE, for young ladies, Danville, the Rev. 
J. C. Ely, D. D., President, one of the oldest institutions of its 
kind in Kentucky, was founded in 1858. It offers three courses 
of study with two degrees, and a seminary course was organized 
in September, 1898. Diplomas are awarded in music and elocu- 
tion. Telegraphy, typewriting, stenography, and bookkeeping may 
be studied at moderate rates. The college location is healthful 
and the social advantages of the town are excellent. Two hun- 
dred and ten dollars will pay the expenses of board and tuition for 
a year. 

HARDIN COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Elizabethtown, Rice 
Miller, B. A., President, was founded six years ago by the Central 
University of Kentucky to do the work of a university preparatory 
school. Its aim is two-fold : It prepares for higher college classes ; 
it fits the student for practical business life. The Institute claims 
that its diplomas for graduation ensure equipment for the junior 
year of the best American colleges. There are primary, interme- 
diate, high school, and teachers' normal courses. Instruction is 
given in military science and in physical culture. Tuition in the 
primary course is $15 per term; intermediate, $20; high school 
and teachers' normal, $25. 

LIBERTY COLLEGE, Glasgow, H. J. Greenwell, A.M., Presi- 
dent, is a co-educational Baptist school, located in the Bluegrass 
country, and now in its twenty-fourth year. The curriculum pre- 
96 



Ky. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Loretto. 

sents the following courses : Primary, intermediate, academic, 
collegiate scientific, collegiate classical, normal, business, elocu- 
tion and physical culture, music, and art. Board and literary 
tuition amount to $170 per year. 

BEAUMONT COLLEGE, Harrodsburg, Th. Smith, A. M., 
President (Alumnus of Univ. of Va.). This college, one of the 
most widely known of the girls' schools of the South, is located in 
the suburbs of Harrodsburg, one of the most picturesque towns 
in Kentucky. It is a school for girls only, and was known from 
1856 to 1893 as Daughters' College. The grounds, situated in the 
immediate vicinity of the famous Greenville Mineral Springs, are 
very beautiful. The curriculum is perhaps the most extended to be 
found in any Southern women's college, some of the courses being 
commensurate with those of the best American men's colleges. It 
has drawn its students from twenty-six States. Four literary and 
five musical diplomas are offered, and all courses are extensive and 
thorough. The Beaumont Conservatory of Music is under the 
direction of John H. Norman, Mus. Doct. (Oxford, Eng.), and 
Professor Meiler, the specialist in string music, is a graduate of the 
Royal College of Music, at Munich, Bavaria. The expenses for 
the year, including board, light, servants' attendance, and literary 
tuition in the collegiate department, are $225. 

HINDMAN SCHOOL, Hindman, George Clarke, Principal, was 
organized in 1887, and has a present enrolment of nearly three 
hundred. The departments are primary, teacher's, commercial, 
collegiate, and music. There is no boarding department. Tuition 
varies from $i to $3 per month. 

STATE COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY, Lexington, J. K. Patter- 
son, LL. D., F. S. A., President, was established as one of the 
colleges of Kentucky University ; this connection was broken in 
1878, and it has since been conducted as an independent institu- 
tion. A beneficiary under the Land Grant Act of 1862, the college 
makes its main object that of education in agriculture and the 
mechanic arts, but a normal school has been added to these de- 
partments by the State, and an experimental station by the national 
government. The curriculum is divided into sixteen thoroughly 
organized departments. Eleven degrees are conferred. There is 
no tuition fee for "county appointees." For others it is $15 
annually, and the total expenses about $200. 

YOUNG LADIES' ACADEHY, Loretto, under the charge of 
the Sisters of Loretto, was founded in 1812 by the Rev. Charles 
Nerinckx, missionary priest of Belgium. It was incorporated in 
1829, and has enjoyed a long and honorable history. The build- 
ings, which are situated on a tract of fifteen hundred acres, include 

97 



Louisville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ky. 

the academy, church, convent, visitors' house, chaplain's residence, 
novitiate, steam laundry, workmen's dwelling, and the historic 
episcopal residence built by Kentucky's pioneer priest, now re- 
served for gentlemen guests. The school is centrally located, two 
and one-half hours' ride from Louisville. It has every modern 
equipment for the best education, and offers both a preparatory 
and an academic course. Exceptional opportunities are given to 
students of music, arts, stenography, typewriting, and telegraphy. 
While a strongly Catholic school, the institution in nowise inter- 
feres with th religious opinions of Protestant pupils. Board and 
tuition for each of the two twenty-week sessions is $75 in the 
preparatory course and $80 in the academic. 

ALLMOND'S UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, 1071 Third Avenue, 
Louisville, Marcus Blakey Allmond, A. M., LL. D., Head Master, 
was founded by the present head master in 1885. It is located 
on the most fashionable resident street and the most popular 
boulevard in Louisville. The building is a three story brick, with 
every modern convenience. The school is limited in number so 
that the individual attention of the experienced head master may 
be given to each pupil. His is, however, ably assisted by experi- 
enced teachers. The standard of the school is high, and its grad- 
uates pass without condition into Harvard, Yale, Princeton, 
University of Virginia, and other universities. In competitive 
examinations for high positions the students have always shown 
notable prowess. The head master, himself a writer of note, 
has awakened and quickened many of his students to be the 
leading writers of Kentucky. 

flR. FLEXNER'S SCHOOL, 2 10 W.Ormsby Avenue, Louisville, 
Abraham Flexner, A. B. (Johns Hopkins, 1886), Principal. The 
attendance is limited to ten primary and fifteen secondary pupils, 
each of whom is separately taught. In its eight years of existence 
it has been remarkably successful in stimulating to study boys and 
girls who have been previous failures at school. 

HAflPTON COLLEGE, Louisville, Mrs. L. D. Hampton-Cow- 
ling, President, a school for girls and young women, is located on 
Garvin Place, Louisville, in the large and handsome building 
formerly used by the Louisville Athletic Club. Besides its numer- 
ous, well lighted, and large schoolrooms, it contains a gymnasium 
seventy-five by fifty feet and surrounded by a gallery. This is used 
for the gymnastics which are an indispensable part of the school 
course, for entertainments and meetings of Hampton Club. The 
spacious grounds contain bowling alleys, clay tennis courts, with 
facilities for basket-ball and other out-door games. The building 
is heated by steam and lighted by electricity. Situated in the 

98 



A'v. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Russellville. 

finest residence quarter of Louisville, it is free from noise and dis- 
tractions. Hampton College has been established twenty years. 
By act of the Legislature it was incorporated in 1881, and confers 
all degrees and diplomas within the province of any college in the 
State. The course consists of three departments : The college 
proper, which prepares girls for women's colleges or universities, 
or for a womanly life outside a professional career ; the preparatory 
department, which furnishes instruction to both boys and girls in 
the work of grammar schools ; the primary department, including 
the kindergarten. Graduate students may pursue advanced work. 
The teachers are specialists trained in the best American univer- 
sities. Modern languages, vocal music, painting, and elocution 
are taught as extras. A few boarding pupils are admitted to the 
home of the president. 

KENTUCKY MILITARY INSTITUTE, Lyndon, Col. C. W. 
Fowler, M. A., C. E., Superintendent, was founded in 1845 ^Y 
Col. R. T. P. Allen, a graduate of West Point, and two years later 
it was chartered by the State Legislature. For fifty-one years it 
was located at the old Franklin springs, near Frankfort, but the 
present superintendent moved it to a country location nine miles 
east of Louisville ; the post-office is Lyndon, a mile and a half dis- 
tant. Individual instruction and an all-round training, mental, 
moral, physical, and social, are the foundation stones of its suc- 
cess ; the country location was chosen with a view to freeing a 
boy from the ordinary temptations to be found in cities and small 
towns. The usual degrees are granted upon a rigid written ex- 
amination, and its graduates are commissioned by the Governor, 
the only school in the State whose graduates are so honored. The 
expense for board, washing, etc., tuition, two uniforms, and the 
necessary books is but $350 per year. 

PRINCETON COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Princeton, the Rev. 
John M. Richmond, D. D., President, was established in 1860 and 
suspended work during the Civil War. It came under the control 
of the Presbyterian Church in 1881. The trustees are appointed 
by the Presbytery of Louisville, under a liberal State charter. 
The school aims both to fit thoroughly for college, and to prepare 
those who cannot attend college for life work. It has a faculty of 
ten, is co-educational, and is divided into three general depart- 
ments : Primary, preparatory, and collegiate. Special advantages 
are given for the study of art, music, and elocution. The cost of 
board and tuition is $200 a year. 

BETHEL COLLEGE, Russellville, the Rev. Edward Sinclair 
Alderman, D. D., President, occupies a beautiful campus on the 
outskirts of Russellville. A wise and benevolent forethought 

99 



Shelbyville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ay. 

led the venerable fathers of Bethel Association to encourage the 
education of young ministers. The result was Bethel High School, 
which, with increasing means and expanding views, speedily be- 
came Bethel College. The trustees have no other purpose than 
to furnish young men with the best facilities, the most approved 
methods, the most varied and thorough courses, and the most 
competent instructors their resources and judgment can afford. 
The funds for this purpose were accumulated through what was 
known as the Green River Baptist Education Society, and after- 
wards through other agencies. The terms are moderate, and a 
limited number receive free scholarships. 

SCIENCE HILL, an English and classical school for girls, Shel- 
byville, Mrs. W. T. Poynter, Principal. Science Hill was opened 
March 25, 1825, by the Rev. John Tevis and his wife, Julia A. 
Tevis, in the building it now occupies. Mr. Tevis died in 1861, 
and the school continued under the management of Mrs. Tevis 
until 1879, when it was purchased by Dr. W. T. Poynter. For 
seventeen years he devoted himself to its maintenance and growth. 
Upon his death in 1896 Mrs. Poynter assumed the management. 
The teachers are graduates of the best Eastern colleges. The 
school prepares for Wellesley and Vassar Colleges, and her pupils 
are admitted upon certificate. The musical department is excep- 
tionally strong. The total expense, including instruction in music, 
is $308, or $258 without music. 

RIVERSIDE SEfllNARY, Vanceburg, Lawrence Rolfe, A. B., 
Principal, is healthfully situated and easy of access. The Semi- 
nary embraces three courses of study, leading to the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of Philosophy ; 
also preparatory and primary departments. It is co-educational. 
The charges for board and tuition are $125 per year. 

WILLIAflSBURG ACADEflY, Williamsburg, Charles M. 
Stevens, Principal, is under the auspices of the American Mis- 
sionary Association of New York. The school was founded in 
1882 and has been steadily growing. Expenses are low and 
instruction thorough. Two courses are open to students, an 
academic and a normal. 

LOUISIANA. 

LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY AND AGRICULTURAL 
AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE, Baton Rouge, Thomas D. 
Boyd, LL. D., President, united two former State institutions under 
its present name and legal title in October, 1877. The site of the 
University is historic, its extensive grounds having been occupied 

100 



La. , WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Orleans. 

successively by the armed battalions of France, England, Spain, 
and the divided America of our Civil War. The campus, one of 
the finest in the South, overlooks the Mississippi River. Among 
the buildings are the barracks, chemical laboratory, agricultural 
Hall, mechanical workshop, armories, hospital, veterinary in- 
firmary, gymnasium, and library, the latter holding over 20,000 
books. Six courses of study are offered: Agricultural, sugar, 
mechanical and civil engineering, general science, Latin-science, 
and literary. Those successfully completing any one of the first 
four courses receive the degree B. S. ; those successfully complet- 
ing either of the last two receive the degree A. B. Graduate 
courses are given leading to the degrees M. S., C. E., and M. A. 

ACADIA COLLEGE (co-educational), Crowley, J. T. Barrett, 
President, offers a broad curriculum with courses entirely elective. 
Entrance may be at any time without examination. The entire 
expense for ten months need not exceed $155. 

HISS BEACH'S SCHOOL, Crowley, Ellen P. Beach, Prin- 
cipal, was established two years ago. It is a day school, the 
attendance now numbering about thirty. 

ACADEMY OF THE SACRED HEART, Grand Coteau, 
was founded in 1821 and incorporated in 1852. It combines with 
Christian instruction every advantage for the acquisition of a 
refined and solid education. 

HARKSVILLE HIGH SCHOOL, Marksville, V. L. Roy, B. S., 
Principal. This school is owned and directed by a board com- 
posed of some of the leading citizens of the parish. The comple- 
tion of the course ensures admission to the sophomore classes of 
the two universities in Louisiana. The buildings are commodious 
and attractive. The location is one of the most healthful in the 
State, and the equipment of the institution is full in all depart- 
ments. The faculty consists of eight able men and women, grad- 
uates of the leading schools of Louisiana. The institution is 
co-educational. 

HAUGHN INSTITUTE, 1953 Octavia Street, near St. Charles 
Avenue, New Orleans, Mrs. M. M. Haughn, Principal, was estab- 
lished in October, 1892, and already enjoys a reputation for 
thoroughness. It contains primary, intermediate, and academic 
departments for boys and girls, and furnishes, in addition, special 
instruction in languages, vocal and instrumental music, elocution, 
art, and dancing. The building is constructed with special refer- 
ence to sanitary regulations and scholastic conveniences. The 
grounds are ample, and the library is composed of carefully 
selected volumes. 

101 



New Orleans. WHERE TO EDUCATE. La. 

JOHN UEBER'S SCHOOL, 2718 North Rampart Street, 
New Orleans, was originally started by the Rev. C. Sans, a Ger- 
man pastor, who came over from Texas in May, 1840. After a 
short acquaintance with the Ueber family, he proposed to open an 
English and German school of which he would be the principal. 
and the brothers, Jacob and John Ueber, his assistants. In 
accordance with this proposition the school was begun August 7, 
1840, with about fifty pupils. The attendance increased steadily, 
no public schools being in existence then. Some disagreement 
having broken out between the pastor and his congregation, he 
left for the North, and the Ueber brothers remained in charge of 
the school, which was held in the church building. In 1850 they 
erected an unpretentious schoolhouse, where the school bell has 
rung regularly every morning and noon for the last forty-eight 
years, with scarcely a single interruption. August 7, 1890, wit- 
nessed the celebration of the " Golden Jubilee " of the school. 
Shortly after this celebration Jacob Ueber retired, leaving John 
alone in the management of the school. Mr. Ueber says : " I 
can safely say that this school, though only elementary in its 
character, has been a great educational factor in this city, not 
only hundreds, but thousands, of our citizens having received the 
rudiments of their education here. One of our former governors, 
Louis A. Wiltz, Samuel Blum, of the Produce Exchange, and 
many others occupying high positions of honor and respectability, 
were our pupils. This school can lay claim to being unique, in 
so far as it has run an uninterrupted course of fifty-eight years, and 
that I, the remaining partner, have taught longer, perhaps, than any 
other man in the South, if not in the entire country, having never 
been ill, except in 1841 for about a month, and am still in the 
full possession of health and vigor, ready to continue the work 
entrusted to my feeble hands by my Divine Master." 



F. D. BLAKE AND flRS. L. POLK CHAPMAN'S 
BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL for Girls, 2231 to 2241 Pry 
tania Street, New Orleans, was established in 1884. It offers a 
liberal course of study for girls preparing for college or for those 
who do not intend entering college. 

ST. JOSEPH'S ACADEflY, New Orleans and Baton Rouge, 
are conducted by the Sisters of St. Joseph. The New Orleans 
school was founded in 1859, tne branch house at Baton Rouge in 
1868. Non-Catholic girls are received, and no undue influence is 
exercised over their religious opinions. There are preparatory, 
junior, intermediate, senior, and graduating departments, and a 
department of music. Scrupulous attention is paid to the health 
of the pupils. Terms for board and tuition, per month, are $17. 

102 



La. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Orleans. 

SOULE COLLEGE, New Orleans, Col. George Soule, Presi- 
dent, is a practical business college, with an annual enrolment of 
from 350 to 400 students. The institution is non-sectarian and 
co-educational, and embraces six schools : An intermediate, a higher 
English, an academic, a shorthand, a language, a practical commer- 
cial. 

STRAIGHT UNIVERSITY, New Orleans, Oscar Atwood, 
A. M., President, was founded twenty-nine years ago by the 
American Missionary Association, upon which it is still dependent. 
It is a school for the education of the negro race, and received its 
name from the late Hon. Seymour Straight, of Hudson, Ohio, a 
prominent benefactor. There are over 500 students distributed 
through the following departments : College, college preparatory, 
normal, grammar, Hand Preparatory School, theological, industrial, 
night school, department of music. The fees are very low. 
Board and tuition, per month, is $12. 

TULANE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA, New Orleans, 
William Preston Johnston, LL. D., President, was established in 
1884 as a result of the benevolence of Mr. Paul Tulane, a wealthy 
resident of New Orleans, and the existing University of Louisiana 
was transferred to the new institution and merged in it. The 
older university at the time of the transfer embraced a medical 
department established in 1834, a law department founded in 
1847, and a more recently organized academic department. 
Tulane University now contains, in addition to the historic law 
and medical schools, a university department of philosophy and 
science with thirteen chairs, a university department for teachers, 
a college of arts and sciences, a college of technology, and the 
H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College for young women. The 
grounds of the University are extensive and admirably located. 
About eighteen acres have been set apart as a campus, and on 
this a group of handsome buildings have lately been erected. 
Immediately in the rear of the campus are the athletic grounds, 
covering about six acres. The library has approximately 15,000 
volumes. Admission to the College of Arts and Sciences is on 
examination, and by certificate from accredited schools. Students 
completing the classical, literary, or Latin-scientific course will 
receive the degree B. A. ; those completing the scientific course, 
the degree B. S. ; those completing the courses of the Col- 
lege of Technology, the degree B. E. In the University depart- 
ment, besides the Master's and Doctor's degrees, the degrees 
of Civil Engineer and Mechanical Engineer are given. Graduate 
work done elsewhere may count towards an advanced degree at 
Tulane, but the year immediately preceding the attainment of an 
advanced degree must be spent in residence at the University. 

103 



Spearsville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. La. 

The tuition fee for all students in the college departments, who are 
admitted for the first time and who do not hold scholarships, is 
$105. In the law department the annual charge is $80; in the 
medical department the fees for the first two years amount to 
$150 each, for the third year to $165. Candidates for the degree 
Ph. D. are exempt from tuition. 

EVERETT INSTITUTE, Spearsville, Charles A. Matthews, 
Ph. B., Principal, is a Baptist school, founded in 1892, and doing 
college preparatory work. There are three departments : Primary, 
intermediate, and preparatory. Tuition varies from $1.50 per 
month in the lowest primary grades to $3 in the last year of the 
preparatory course. 

MAINE. 

UNIVERSITY OF HAINE SCHOOL OF LAW, Bangor, 
George E. Gardner, Dean. This department of the Maine State 
University was opened to students October 5, 1898. Since there 
is no other law school in New England north of Boston, the 
constituency to which this institution will appeal is a wide one. The 
course of study covers two years, conforming to the requirements 
for admission to the bar in the State of Maine, and a very high 
standard of work will be maintained. The school is located in 
the Exchange Building, Bangor, the University itself having its 
seat at Orono, nine miles distant. While the text-book and 
lecture methods of study will not be ignored, the systematic study 
of cases will form the basis of the work. At the completion of 
the two years' course the degree of Bachelor of Laws will be 
conferred. Tuition is $60 a year. 

GOULD ACADEMY, Bethel, Frank Edward Hanscom, Prin- 
cipal, grew out of a school which was incorporated in 1836, under 
the name of Bethel Academy. It was at that time quite without 
funds, and depended wholly upon public patronage for support ; 
but in 1842 the Rev. Daniel Gould, of Rumford, made a bequest, 
since known as the Gould Fund, on condition that the name be 
changed to Gould Academy. The present commodious building 
was erected in 1881. There are two courses: The classical, which 
fits for college, and the academic, which offers a good general 
education. Tuition per term is $6 in common English, and $7 in 
higher English and in languages. 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, Brunswick, the Rev. William De Witt 
Hyde, LL. D., President, was incorporated by the General Court 
of Massachusetts in 1794. Admission is by examination. The 
work of the freshman year and one-third of the sophomore year is 
required ; that of the remaining two-thirds of the sophomore year 

104 



Me. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Charleston. 

and the whole of the junior and senior years is elective. There 
are three courses of study, leading respectively to the degrees of 
B. A., B. S., and B. L. The college is under Congregational aus- 
pices, though non-sectarian in spirit. In all matters pertaining to 
the good order of the college, and the relations of the students 
to one another, the students govern themselves through a jury, 
consisting of undergraduates. The college buildings, eleven in 
number, are grouped upon a campus of forty acres. The college 
library contains over fifty-six thousand volumes. Affiliated with 
Bowdoin College is the Medical School of Maine, which is under 
the superintendence of the same boards of trustees and overseers. 
Among Bowdoin's distinguished alumni are H. W. Longfellow, 
Nathaniel Hawthorne, and ex-President Pierce. Annual tuition 
fee in the college is $75. 

EAST riAINE CONFERENCE SEMINARY, Bucksport, the 
Rev. J. F. Haley, A. M., President, was founded in 1848 by the 
East Maine Conference of the M. E. Church. Its original charter 
was obtained in 1850. Courses offered are as follows: Latin- 
scientific, English - scientific, ancient-classical, modern-classical, 
academic, normal, commercial, pianoforte, and voice culture. 
The primary aim of the school is that of college preparation. 
Board is $2.25 per week ; room rent, $5 to $6.50 per term ; tuition 
in common English (as basis), $5 per term, in each study in higher 
English or languages (extra), $1.50. 

THE EASTERN STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Castine, A. 
F. Richardson, A. M., Principal, has been in operation thirty 
years, and has had nearly four thousand different pupils since 
its organization. The school building is of brick, and accommo- 
dates 175 pupils. There are two courses of study, the regular 
course of two years, and an advance course of one year, open to 
graduates only. Training schools connected . with the Normal 
School include kindergarten, primary, intermediate, and grammar 
grades. Tuition is free to those only who pledge themselves to 
teach in the public schools of the State for so long a time as they 
are connected with the school, and who pursue the prescribed 
courses of study. Others pay $10 a term, besides the incidental 
fee of $1.50. 

HIGGINS CLASSICAL INSTITUTE, Charleston, H. Warren 
Foss, A. B., Principal. Established as Charleston Academy in 
1837, tne school was incorporated under its present name in 1891, 
and became a regular fitting school for Colby University. Three 
courses, covering four years each, are offered : College preparatory, 
Latin-scientific, and English. The first year of the English course 
is designed as a preparatory year for the other courses. Tuition 

105 



Cumberland Center. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Me. 

for common English is $4 per term ; for higher English and lan- 
guages, $5. Tuition for 'telegraphy, typewriting, painting, and 
instrumental music is extra. 

GREELY INSTITUTE, Cumberland Center, Percy F. Wil- 
liams, A. B., Principal. This academy, founded through the 
liberality of Hon. Eliphalet Greeley, is located ten miles from 
Portland, on the Maine Central Railroad. There are two general 
departments, preparatory and high school. In the latter three 
courses are offered, the scientific, the scientific and classical, and 
the college preparatory. Tuition to students not residing in town 
in common English is $4 per term ; in high English, $5 ; in lan- 
guages, $6. 

WESTBROOK SEHINARY, Deering, the Rev. H. S. Whitman, 
A. M., President, was chartered in 1831, and opened for students 
in 1834. Its location is healthful and beautiful, and the school is 
easy of access to Portland. The buildings are Goddord Hall for 
the young gentlemen, Hersey Hall for the young ladies, a dining- 
hall connecting the two, Alumni Hall, and a gymnasium. Six 
courses are offered : Preparatory, English, college preparatory, 
ladies' classical, scientific, and modern language. Of these the 
first occupies one year, the second three years, and the others 
four years each. Degrees are conferred by State authority upon 
ladies who complete either the scientific or ladies' classical course. 
Music, art, oratory, and physical culture are taught by specially 
trained instructors. 

ABBOTT FAMILY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, "Little Blue," 
Farmington, A. H. Abbott, A. M., Principal. Situated just outside 
the village of Farmington, Little Blue, the former home of Mr. 
Jacob Abbott, where the " Rollo Books " and other books for 
young people were written, was in 1844 made the seat of the 
above named school by his brother, the Rev. Samuel Phillips 
Abbott, under whose management it continued until his death, 
when it passed into the hands of the present proprietor and prin- 
cipal. There are two courses of study, an English and a classical. 
There are two sessions a year. The first begins on the fifteenth 
of September, and the second on the twelfth of January. The 
terms for board, tuition, washing, and mending for the school year, 
for pupils of fourteen years and under, are $250 ; and for those 
over fourteen, $300. There are no extras except for (optional) 
lessons in music and typewriting. 

FOXCROFT ACADEflY, Foxcroft, Lyman K. Lee, A. B., 
Principal, was founded in 1823, by Joseph E. Foxcroft, and has 
ever since remained the educational centre of Piscataquis County. 
The courses of study prepare for colleges, technical and normal 

1 06 



Me. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lewiston. 

schools, as well as for practical business. Graduates of the pre- 
paratory course are admitted on certificate to Colby, Bates, Mt. 
Holyoke, the University of Vermont, and similar institutions. 
Tuition in the English course is $5 ; in the college preparatory 
and Latin scientific courses, each $7. 

RICKER CLASSICAL INSTITUTE, Houlton, Arthur M. 
Thomas, A. M., Principal, was incorporated in 1847, an d was 
opened the following year. It was a village academy until 1877, 
when, having been substantially endowed by Colby University, 
its property was transferred to that college, and it became one of 
Colby's preparatory schools. There are four courses of study : 
A college preparatory, an English and scientific, and an academic 
course, of four years each ; and a normal course of three years. 
Tuition in all courses is $22 per year. 

MAINE WESLEY AN SEfllNARY AND FEHALE COL- 
LEGE, Kent's Hill, the Rev. A. F. Chase, Ph. D., President, is a 
widely known Methodist institution, founded in 1820, and char- 
tered as a college in 1860. It is empowered to confer the degrees 
of A. B. and A. M. upon graduates, but it lays more emphasis upon 
strict college preparation. The courses of study are : Classical, 
scientific, English, seminary, literary and musical, normal, and col- 
lege. There are also a Conservatory of Music, a School of Art, and 
a Business College. One feature of the last-named department is 
the counting-house, embracing a bank, wholesale and retail mer- 
cantile emporiums, and an exchange. Instruction in military 
tactics is given according to the latest infantry regulations of the 
United States army. Necessary expenses for the school year 
average $160. 

BATES COLLEGE, Lewiston, George C. Chase, LL. D., Presi- 
dent. In 1864 Maine State Seminary, chartered in 1855, became 
Bates College. This name was chosen in acknowledgment of 
generous benefactions from Mr. Benjamin E. Bates, of Boston, 
Mass. The college is unsectarian, though aggressively Christian, 
and it has been from its organization co-educational, having begun 
on the Atlantic seaboard the movement for the higher education of 
women. Admission is by written and oral examination and by 
certificates from approved schools. Degrees conferred are Bach- 
elor of Arts and Master of Arts. The college has five buildings, 
including a gymnasium. The library has about fourteen thousand 
volumes. There are about 260 students and fifteen instructors. 
The yearly charge for tuition is $50. 

COBB DIVINITY SCHOOL (co-educational), a department of 
Bates College, Lewiston, was founded in 1840. Its building, 
faculty, classes, and discipline are totally distinct from those of 



Lewiston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Me. 

the college. Its faculty consists of seven men. It offers three 
courses of study : The full divinity course for men of college, or 
equivalent, training ; an elective course, open to students of ma- 
turity in classes of Bates College, who pursue full divinity studies, 
but in college and divinity school save one year of time ; and the 
Biblical training course, an English course of two years' duration. 
A new building, healthful and pleasant site, congenial associations, 
and an accessible location make this an admirable school of 
theological learning. While a Free Baptist institution, it receives 
men and women from any denomination. 

LATIN SCHOOL, Lewiston, I. F. Frisbee, A. M., Ph. D., Prin- 
cipal, is owned by Bates College, and is managed by a special 
board of nine directors appointed by the corporation of the college. 
The special object of the school is to prepare young men for Bates 
College, but applicants need not contemplate a college course. A 
thorough knowledge of the common English branches is requisite 
for admission. The course is three years. The necessary expenses 
of students who room in the building range from $125 to $160. 
This includes tuition, room, board, fuel, and washing. 

LINCOLN ACADEMY, Newcastle, George Howard Larrabee, 
A.M., Principal. Chartered in 1801, opened to pupils in 1805, 
its building completed in the latter year, burned in 1828, and 
rebuilt in 1829, this excellent school has had an uncommonly 
long and eventful history. Its location is high and healthful, and 
its present building and equipment are adequate and modern. The 
classical course fits for college. Graduates are admitted on certi- 
ficate to Bowdoin, Wellesley, Smith, and other colleges of the best 
grade. The academic course offers a good general education to 
those not looking forward to college. The English and business 
course prepares for practical life. Total expense for the year is 
about $150. 

BRIDGTON ACADEMY, North Bridgton, C. C. Spratt, A. B., 
Principal, was established in 1808, and opened in 1811. Its loca- 
tion in northern Cumberland County, at the head of Long Lake, 
is one of remarkable natural beauty. The courses of study are 
the classical and the academic. Ample grounds and an excellent 
gymnasium give opportunity for varied exercise. The institution 
aims to offer especial advantages to mature students of limited 
means. The expenses in pleasant and comfortable surroundings 
need not exceed $175 a year. 

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE, Orono, Abram W. Harris, Sc. D., 
President, was one of the schools of agriculture and the mechanic 
arts founded in consequence of the "Land-grant Act "of 1862. 
Within a few years it has greatly widened its scope, and in 1897 

1 08 



Me. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Vassalboro. 

its name was changed by the Legislature to the present one, which 
indicates its broader purpose for the future. The University build- 
ings number twenty. Facilities for work in science are excellent. 
The library contains over thirteen thousand volumes. Military 
instruction is given under the charge of a United States army 
officer. The faculty numbers forty, the student body over three 
huncrred. All courses of the University are open to women. These 
are the school of law, the classical course, the Latin scientific 
course, the scientific course, the chemical course, the agricultural 
course, the pharmacy course (four years), the short pharmacy course 
(two years), the preparatory medical course, the civil, mechanical, 
and electrical engineering courses. Tuition is $30 a year. 

PARIS HILL ACADEHY, J. O. Wellman, A. B., Principal, is 
situated in the village of Paris. While the school offers three 
distinct courses of study, its primary object is to prepare young 
men and women for college. The academy has a constantly 
growing library of several hundred volumes, and adequate equip- 
ment for laboratory work in the sciences. All text-books are 
furnished free. Tuition, $2, $3, and $4 per term. There are no 
extras. Good board may be obtained in private families at a low 
rate. 

MAINE CENTRAL INSTITUTE, Pittsfield, O. H. Drake, 
A. M., Principal, is centrally located, being twenty miles east of 
Waterville, and thirty-four west of Bangor, on the Maine Central 
Railroad. The school building is a substantial brick structure, 
and the grounds are extensive. There are five courses of study : 
College preparatory, classical, scientific, normal, and English. 
Tuition per term, in common English, $7 ; in higher English, 
$7.50; in languages, $8. 

THORNTON ACADEMY, Saco, Edwin P. Sampson, A. M., 
Principal. Saco Academy was chartered February 16, 1811, and 
was opened January 4, 1813. Early in 1822, in recognition of a 
gift from Thomas G. Thornton, United States marshal, the name 
was changed to Thornton Academy. The school building was 
burned July 29, 1848, and was rebuilt in 1888. The new build- 
ing is attractive, sanitary, and well equipped with modern appara- 
tus. Three courses of study are offered : English, classical, and 
scientific. Tuition is $30 a year, and board may be obtained in 
the city at from $3 to $6 a week. 

OAK GROVE SEHINARY, Vassalboro, F. H. Sanborn, Princi- 
pal, was begun as a " Select School " about 1850, to give a guarded 
religious education to the children of Friends. The school now 
belongs to the New England Yearly Meeting of Friends, and is 
managed by the committee appointed by that body. The four 

109 



Waterville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Me. 

years' classical course is preparatory for college. The literary and 
scientific course, also four years, is planned more especially for 
those intending to teach. The time of completion of the commer- 
cial course depends on the ability of the pupil. Tuition for the 
regular course is $18 per year, for the commercial course, $10. 

COBURN CLASSICAL INSTITUTE, Waterville, Franklin W. 
Johnson, A. M., Principal, was established in 1829. It is a well 
endowed school for both sexes, equipped with modern buildings 
and appliances for work. It is situated in a beautiful and health- 
ful town at the junction of the two principal branches of the 
Maine Central Railroad. The school is best known as a prepara- 
tory school, and each year prepares more students for college than 
any other school in Maine. Four courses are offered, each thor- 
ough and complete. The musical department affords facilities for 
instruction in both vocal and instrumental music. The expenses, 
including tuition, board, and books, vary from $150 to $225 per 
year. 

COLBY UNIVERSITY, Waterville, Rev. Nathaniel Butler, 
D. D., President. This institution was chartered in 1813 by peti- 
tion to the General Court of Massachusetts. Rev. Sylvanus 
Boardman was the first president under the corporation. In 1864 
Mr. Gardner Colby gave $50,000 to the college, and in 1866 it 
took his name. The classical course leads to the degree of A. B., 
the course without Greek, to the degree of Ph. B. The charge for 
tuition, room, and incidental expenses connected with the library, 
gymnasium, etc., is approximately $100 per year. 

WILTON ACADEHY, Wilton, Drew T. Harthorn, A. M., Prin- 
cipal, was incorporated in 1866, and the first term began the 
following year. Four courses of study are given : College prepara- 
tory, Latin-scientific, and English, each of four years, and the 
commercial course of two years. Tuition per term is $7 in lan- 
guages, and $6 in English. The commercial course is $6 for the 
first year, and $9 for the second. 

NORTH YARMOUTH ACADEMY, Yarmouth, the Rev. B. P. 
Snow, A. M., Principal,was incorporated by act of the General Court 
of Massachusetts, February 4, 1814, and in 1824 the State of Maine 
confirmed this act. The academy has done a remarkable work as 
an institution of advanced grade, and points with pride to the 
record it has made, for the ability of its teachers, and the attain- 
ments of its students. In harmony with its original aims, and in 
full accord with its best traditions, the trustees of the academy are 
making a forward movement, looking to enlarged courses, improved 
methods, increased apparatus and appliances. The school is thus 

I 10 



Md. , WHERE TO EDUCATE. Baltimore. 

in touch with the best educational methods of the time, so enabling 
it to realize more fully than ever the purpose that has controlled 
its entire history. There are three courses : College preparatory, 
academic, and English. With each of these, sciences, in due 
measure, are combined. The college preparatory course fits for 
Bowdoin, Harvard, and other leading colleges, including Wellesley, 
Smith, and Mt. Holyoke. The English course is designed to give 
ample preparation for business pursuits. Students will be pre- 
pared for the regular courses of the University of Maine at Orono, 
or for any of the schools of technology. The school offers special 
facilities to young women desiring reliable preparation for colleges, 
or advanced courses in the academy itself. Yarmouth, on the 
Grand Trunk and the Maine Central Railroads, is adjacent to the 
beautiful Casco Bay, distant from Portland less than a half hour's 
ride, and at about the same distance from Brunswick and Bowdoin 
College. For convenience and attractiveness of location, for ex- 
ceptionally favorable sanitary conditions, for excellent social and 
moral surroundings, and as a point upon which the best educa- 
tional influences center, it is believed that North Yarmouth Acad- 
emy may advance the highest claims to favorable consideration. 
Board and tuition is $150 a year. 

MARYLAND. 

5T. JOHN'S COLLEGE, Annapolis, Thomas Fell, A. M., Ph. D., 

LL. D., President. In 1696, King William's School was estab- 
lished, and was opened in 1701. In 1784 it was merged into 
St. John's College, which is thus one of the oldest colleges in the 
country. The collegiate department embraces four groups of 
studies for undergraduates, each occupying four years : The classi- 
cal and the Latin scientific, leading to the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and the scientific and mechanical engineering, leading to the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. Post-graduate courses are arranged 
for those graduates who wish to become candidates for the Mas- 
ter's degree. In connection with the college, and under the super- 
vision of President Fell, is St. John's Preparatory school. A 
special feature of this school is the careful preparation of candi- 
dates for the United States Naval Academy. There is also a school 
of military science and tactics, under the command of a United 
States army officer, detailed by the War Department. The college 
expenses are about $300 per annum, including board, tuition, and 
incidental expenses. 

BALTIMORE flEDICAL COLLEGE, Baltimore, David Street, 
A. M., M. D., Dean. The course of instruction leading to the 
degree of M. D. embraces four years of study, including lectures, 
laboratory and hospital work. The laboratories are thoroughly 



Baltimore. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Md. 

equipped, and the hospitals and dispensary furnish ample facilities 
for practical instruction in clinics, surgery, and special branches. 
The regular winter course is preceded by a preliminary course in 
September, which all students are urged to attend. Pursuit of 
the supplementary spring course in April and May is optional. 
Tuition and matriculation fees for the winter course are $95. For 
worthy young men of limited means, these fees are reduced to $75. 
For the spring course the fees are $15, which will be deducted 
from the fees required for the ensuing winter course. For the 
fall course no fees are required. Scholarships, fellowships, and 
prizes are awarded to meritorious students. 

THE BALTIflORE COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGERY, 

9 W. Franklin Street, Baltimore, M. W. Foster, M. D., D. D. S., 
Dean, is the oldest, and for many years was the only dental college 
in the world. It enters on the fifty-ninth year of its career with its 
prospects for usefulness higher than ever before. It has added to 
its faculty and clinical corps strong and active men, and is better 
equipped than at any period of its existence. The college course 
is three sessions of six months each. Tuition is $100 per session. 

THE GIRLS' LATIN SCHOOL, Baltimore, William H. Shelley, 
A. M., Principal, was founded in 1890 with especial reference to 
preparing girls for the Woman's College of Baltimore. Upon the 
satisfactory completion of the course, a certificate will be conferred 
which will be accepted as a substitute for entrance examinations 
to the Woman's College. The school possesses two buildings, 
one purely for instruction, the other wholly for residence. The 
former is a granite structure thoroughly lighted, ventilated, and 
heated ; the latter is a brick building, containing apartments for 
sixty-five students. The course of study covers four years. Art 
and music are elective. The annual charge for students who do 
not reside in the Home, is $100; for resident students, $350. 
Liberal deductions made to the daughters of clergymen. 

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, Daniel C. Oilman, 
LL. D., President, was incorporated in 1867, though the instruction 
of students did not begin until October, 1876, the intervening 
years having been occupied with the details of organization. The 
University was founded by the munificence of a citizen of Balti- 
more, Mr. Johns Hopkins, who bequeathed the most of his large 
estate for the establishment of a university and a hospital. The 
foundation of the institution is a capital in land and stocks, esti- 
mated in value at more than $3,000,000 ; the capital of the hospi- 
tal is not less in amount. There are two faculties : The faculty of 
philosophy ; the faculty of medicine. The former was organized 
in 1876 for the instruction of young men in languages, literature, 
and science. Collegiate courses are offered leading to the degree 

I 12 



Md. . WHERE TO EDUCATE. Baltimore. 

of A. B., and advanced courses leading to the degree of Ph. D. 
The faculty of medicine was gradually brought together, and in 
the autumn of 1893 the Johns Hopkins Medical School was fully 
organized and opened for the instruction of young men and young 
women who desire to proceed to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

NOTRE DAME OF MARYLAND, corner Charles Street and 
Homeland Avenue, Baltimore, School Sisters of Notre Dame, is 
a college for young ladies, and a preparatory school for girls, 
chartered in 1864. It includes a college department, which 
confers the degrees of B. A., B. L., and B. S., and a preparatory 
department, a music department, and an art school. The location 
is noted for its beauty and healthfulness, and the buildings are 
excellently equipped. Pupils of all denominations are received. 
The terms per annum in both the college and preparatory depart- 
ments, including board and regular tuition, are $256. 

SOUTHERN HOnE SCHOOL, 915 and 917 North Charles 
Street, Baltimore, Mrs. W. M. Gary and Miss Gary, Principals, 
was opened in 1842, and, after several removals, was established 
in its present handsome quarters in 1865. Boarding pupils are 
regarded as members of the family, and no effort is spared to 
secure their happiness and well-being. French is spoken during 
stated hours of the day. There are primary, junior, and senior 
departments, and there is also a post-graduate course. The 
school is recommended by President Gilman, of Johns Hopkins 
University. Terms for boarding pupils, $500 per year. 

WILFORD HOME SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 909 Cathedral 
Street, Baltimore, Mrs. Waller R Bullock, Principal. September 
27, 1898, began the twenty-first year of this school. Being located 
in the city of Baltimore, the school offers many opportunities for 
culture outside of the regular course. It has five departments : 
Infant, primary (to which boys are admitted), grammar, college 
preparatory, and academic. Pupils completing the regular col- 
lege preparatory course will be admitted without examination to 
Wellesley College, to the Woman's College, Baltimore? and to other 
leading colleges. No pupil from Wilford School has ever been 
sent to college conditioned. Pupils are admitted at any time 
during the year, but the number of boarding pupils is limited. 
The school has become known in Baltimore for its successful 
work in preparing girls for college. Students are constantly sent 
by the colleges to Wilford School to receive coaching in branches 
necessary to admission. In this way every year much individual 
work is arranged for, and the most careful attention given in such 
cases. Music is part of the school work and may be substituted 
for Latin. Boaid and tuition in English, French, and German, 
$500 per annum. This does not include laundry, use of piano, etc. 



Baltimore. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Md. 

TRAINING SCHOOL OF THE BALTIMORE KINDER- 
GARTEN ASSOCIATION, 33 North Avenue, West, Baltimore, 
Miss Caroline M. C. Hart, Principal ; Dr. Edward H. Griffin, 
President of the Association, who is also Dean of Johns Hopkins 
University. The association was organized February 10, 1893, 
for the purpose of spreading a knowledge of Froebel's principles 
in the community, of encouraging the training of kindergartners, 
and of promoting the establishment of kindergartens. Twelve 
kindergartens for practice are in direct connection with the work. 
The courses of study are : The junior, the senior, the graduate, the 
alumnae, and the course for directors of normal classes. The tuition 
for the junior and senior course (two years) is $150; for the 
senior course, $100 ; for the graduate course, $100. The alumnae 
fee is $10 yearly, and any member is eligible for the course for 
director of normal classes, which is free. In the Outlook for 
April 3, 1897, Miss Susan E. Blow says of this work: "The fact 
that all these classes are conducted by Miss Hart gives to the 
work a unity and power which it would be hard to overvalue." 

THE WOflAN'S COLLEGE OF BALTlflORE, the Rev. 
John F. Goucher, A.M., D. D., President, was founded in 1888. 
Its equipment consists of nine buildings, of which four are for 
residence only. It aims to provide young women opportunities 
for intellectual training in the midst of surroundings that are 
equally favorable to their physical and moral well-being. The 
requirements for admission are essentially those of the Eastern 
colleges of first rank. Graduates of good high schools, in which 
Latin and at least one other language are taught, should be able 
to enter, and the certificates of such schools are accepted for 
entrance. The curriculum is made up of an admixture of required 
with elective work, the tendency being to require classes of 
subjects, out of which particular studies may be chosen. Upon 
the completion of an amount of work represented by fifteen hours 
of class work a week for four years, the student is graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The work offered includes the 
ancient and the modern languages, higher mathematics, rhetoric, 
composition, English literature, the sciences usually described as 
natural, economics, sociology, history, art, philosophy, and the 
English Bible from a literary and historical point of view. In 
most of these subjects it is possible to take successive courses of 
such extent as to lay a broad foundation for subsequent specializa- 
tion. Facilities are provided for courses in music and in art for 
students who wish to add those subjects to their academic work, 
but no students are accepted for art and music only. Exclusive 
of these last subjects, the charge for resident students is $375 a 
year. 

114 



Md. WHERE TO EDUCATE. College Park. 

CHARLOTTE HALL SCHOOL, Charlotte Hall, St. Mary's 
County, G. M. Thomas, A. M., Principal, is the only school of 
high grade for boys in Southern Maryland, and was first opened 
January i, 1797, since which date its work has been continuous. 
The landed estate of the school embraces 325 acres, one-third of 
which is cleared. The campus itself consists of twelve acres, 
affording ample ground for military drill and athletic sports, and 
the building equipment leaves little to be desired. The scholastic 
year is divided into two sessions. Tuition per session is $10 in 
the preparatory department, and $15 in the academic. Several 
free scholarships are available under specified conditions. 

BROOKEVILLE ACADEMY, a day and boarding school for 
boys, Brookeville, H. S. Houskeeper, M. A., Principal, finely 
located twenty miles north of Washington, D. C., offers a thorough 
academic, a college preparatory, and a teacher's course. The 
special features are the healthful location, the thorough instruc- 
tion, and the low rates. Board, room, lights, tuition, etc., are 
$200 per annum. 

THE CHEVY CHASE FRENCH AND ENGLISH SCHOOL 
FOR GIRLS, Mile. Lea M. Bouligny, Principal, Miss C. Petti- 
grew, Assistant Principal, is situated in the attractive suburb of 
Chevy Chase, half an hour from Washington by electric cars. 
It offers the advantages of large grounds, pure air, an altitude 
five hundred feet above Washington, and artesian well water. A 
separate room is provided for each pupil. French is positively 
the language of the house. Pupils are prepared for college, and 
are allowed to elect their own studies. Music and art are under 
the charge of specialists. This school aims at making its pupils' 
education universal, and avails itself of all the advantages of 
Washington. Summer address, City Post-office, Washington, D. C. 
Winter address, Chevy Chase Post-office, Maryland. 

MARYLAND AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, College Park, 
R. S. Silvester, President, was incorporated in 1856, and opened 
to students in the fall of 1859. At first a private institution, it 
became subsequently a beneficiary of the " Land Grant Act," and 
thus a State college. The buildings occupy the crest of a hill 
covered with forest trees, and in front of them stretches a broad 
campus, the drill ground and athletic field of the students. The 
college farm contains about three hundred acres. All of the 
numerous buildings are equipped for technical and scientific 
study. A military department is in charge of an army officer. 
Among the courses of study are included classical, agricultural, 
mechanical engineering, and general science. Total expenses 
per year for regular students amount to $165 ; for scholarship 
students, $85 ; for day students, $35. 



Colora. WHERE TO EDUCATE. , Md. 

WEST NOTTINGHAM ACADEMY, Colora, Cecil County. 
John G. Conner, A. M., Principal, was founded by the Rev. 
.Samuel Finley in 1741. The academy is located in a grove of 
iorest trees on grounds adjoining the historic West Nottingham 
Presbyterian church. Three courses of study lead to graduation 
in the academy : The classical, the scientific, and the English. 
Preparation is given for the best colleges and scientific schools. 
^Expenses for tuition, board, and washing are $50 per quarter. 

ANDREW SMALL ACADEMY, Darnestown, Montgomery 
County, William Nelson (University of Virginia), Principal. This 
institution, built and endowed by the gentleman for whom it is 
named, is located three miles from the Potomac River on the 
south, and twenty-one miles from Washington by the Metropolitan 
Branch of the B. & O. Railroad. The academy grounds contain 
six or seven acres filled with shade trees, and offer ample room 
for out-door exercise. The school is intended for both sexes, and 
is provided with two large schoolrooms and smaller class-rooms. 
A limited number of boarders can be accommodated in the build- 
ing, and others may find board in private families. Pupils are 
graded into four classes: Preparatory, junior, intermediate, and 
senior. 

flOUNT ST. flARY'S COLLEGE, Emmitsburg, the Very Rev. 
"W. L. O'Hara, President, was founded in 1808 by a young mis- 
sionary priest who had fled from the fury of the French Revolu- 
tion. The first buildings were a row of log houses, and the 
original intention of the school was that of preparing candidates 
for the priesthood. The college was not chartered until 1830, 
and then followed a period of extensive building and of growth in 
.all departments. The present buildings are granite structures, 
occupying an elevated and beautiful location surrounded by hills, 
-whose slopes are covered with gardens, streams, and vineyards. 
A large and loyal body of alumni testify to the thoroughness 
<of the curriculum and to the noble and charming associations of 
-" The old mountain." 

NATIONAL PARK SEHINARY FOR YOUNG WOflEN, 

Forest Glen, John A. Cassedy, B. S., Principal, claims the atten- 
tion of thoughtful parents because of its charming location upon 
a commanding height, twenty minutes from Washington, D. C. ; 
its proximity to Washington, with educational facilities offered by 
no other city ; its equable climate, free from the rigors of the 
Northern winter, inviting out-door life ; and its complete equip- 
ment, comprising picturesque grounds, a handsome modern. $75,- 
ooo building, a fine library, laboratory, and gymnasium. The 
school prepares for college, and all the courses of study are planned 

116 



Md. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Port Deposit, 

to produce womanly women. Graduate courses are offered in 
music, art, and elocution. The instructors, numbering twenty- 
two, are all specialists. Personal care is given to the home life 
and a training in character building is given by a mother who has 
made such work a study. The expenses range from $350 to $500 
per year. 

THE WOflAN'S COLLEGE, Frederick, J. H. Apple, A. M. r 
President, was established as Frederick Female Seminary in 
1843. It is situated in the heart of picturesque Frederick County. 
East Hall and College Hall, two of the three buildings, are con- 
nected by a closed corridor, and are heated, lighted, and furnished 
in accordance with most approved modern methods. The third, 
Conservatory Hall, is devoted to the School of Music. The insti- 
tution, which is under the control of the Reformed Church, was 
incorporated under its present name in 1897. It awards the 
degrees of A. B. and B. S. The charges per term for board, fur- 
nished room, fuel, and light, are approximately $112. 

KEE flAR COLLEGE, Hagerstown, the Rev. C. L. Keedy r 
A. M., M. D., President, is devoted to the education of young 
women in the Lutheran Church, and was the first women's college 
founded by the Lutheran fathers. Three courses of study are 
offered, a classical of four years, a music and art course of four 
years, and a normal of three years, each leading to degrees. A 
two years' preparatory course leads to the classical course. Del- 
sarte's system of elocution is taught. Scholarships and loans are 
available for a limited number of students. The expenses for 
board and tuition in any of the college or normal courses are $200 
per year. Tuition for day pupils in any of the college courses is 
$40 per year. 

THE JACOB TOME INSTITUTE, Port Deposit, was founded, 
by the charter of incorporation, May 20, 1889, but the school was- 
not open to the reception of students until September, 1894. 
From the date of its founding until the time of his death in 
March, 1898, the founder gave to it various sums of money and 
securities, aggregating somewhat more than $1,650,000. By his 
will the Institute was made residuary legatee, and it is estimated 
that its total endowment aggregates upward of $3,500,000. The 
charter provides for a board of trustees, of which the wife of the 
founder, Mrs. Evalyn S. Tome, was, and still is, the first president. 
Seven of the trustees must be residents of Cecil County, and at 
least five residents of the town of Port Deposit. The direct pur- 
pose of the founder in the establishment of the school is, perhaps,, 
best set forth in Article III. of the charter: "The object and 
purposes of said corporation shall be the creation and maintenance 

117 



Poit Deposit. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Md. 

in the town of Port Deposit in Cecil County, aforesaid, of a school 
or educational institution for the free education of white children, 
both males and females, between the ages of ten years and eight- 
een years, and furnishing for their use, free of charge, books, 
apparatus, specimens, instruments, implements, and machinery, 
such as shall be necessary and proper for their education and for 
fitting them for usefulness in life ; the erection of suitable build- 
ings and structures, the employment of competent officers for the 
management of the affairs of said corporation and of fit and suit- 
able instructors, teachers, and assistants to govern and instruct 
said children and to do all other things necessary and proper for 
the thorough and practical education, but not for the boarding or 
the clothing of the children admitted to said school or educational 
institution ; and the education or instruction above mentioned may 
include, at the discretion of the trustees having the management 
of the concerns of this corporation, not only the studies usually 
pursued in schools for children of the ages hereinbefore named, 
but also manual training, the use of tools and machinery, operating 
the same by means of steam, electricity, or other forces, the work- 
ing of metal, wood, and other substances, telegraphy, shorthand 
writing, typewriting, also drawing, designing, and engraving upon 
wood, copper, or steel, sewing, cooking, and other domestic or 
useful arts." In admitting children to the Institute preference is 
given in the following order : Orphans of Port Deposit, residents 
of Port Deposit, orphans of Cecil County, residents of Cecil County, 
orphans of Maryland. If any available space remains after these 
are provided for, it is open to the first comers. The age limit of 
ten to eighteen years mentioned in the charter was afterwards 
changed, so that it now includes pupils from four to eighteen years 
of age. This does not, however, exclude children already in the 
school when they have reached their eighteenth birthday. At 
present the school occupies a substantial, well equipped, modern 
building in the town of Port Deposit. The kindergarten and 
domestic science departments are carried on in temporary quarters 
adjacent to the main building. The corps of officers and instructors 
now numbers thirty, and between five and six hundred students are 
enrolled. The course of study, up to the eighth grade, is nearly 
parallel with that of the best schools in New England. It offers 
ample instruction in the usual literary lines, together with ele- 
mentary science, art, music, manual training, and domestic sci- 
ence. The eighth and ninth grades, together with the high school, 
are carried on as departmental work. These grades, continuing the 
work of the lower grades and extending the same, offer, under 
the direction of the class teachers, sufficient material for entrance 
into any American university, art or technical school. It is the 
intention of the trustees to further extend the usefulness of the 

118 



Md.. WHERE TO EDUCATE. St. George's. 

Institute by enlarging its instruction in business studies and by 
largely augmenting the work in manual training. The Institute 
is, perhaps, one of the best examples of wise philanthropy in our 
country, and offers the best facilities for the working out of modern 
educational problems. It is not the intention of the trustees to 
make any attempt at collegiate or university work, but to maintain 
the Institute in the very front rank of secondary schools. Plans 
are now under consideration for opening the school to much larger 
numbers than heretofore, by greatly increasing the building accom- 
modations. It is expected that a high school building, dormito- 
ries, and manual training buildings will be erected in the near 
future. It needs hardly to be said that such an institution, with 
open doors, offering every opportunity, as free as the freest public 
schools, must wield a large influence upon the life and social con- 
ditions in the town and of all who come within its limit of patronage. 
It is a benefaction worthy of the emulation of many another man 
of wealth, who has won his way up from the plain people and 
turns naturally in his later years to see in what way he may do the 
most good to his fellow men with the generous resources at his 
command. 

THE HANNAH MORE ACADEMY, the diocesan school for 
girls of the diocese of Maryland, at Reisterstown, Rev. Joseph 
Fletcher, Principal and Rector. This school was founded in 1832 
by Mrs. Anne Neilson. The same year it was incorporated, and 
in 1873 the convention of the diocese of Maryland, in recognition 
of the work done by the school, accepted and adopted it as the 
diocesan school for girls. Its buildings, including a chapel, are 
set among fine old trees and in a newly improved campus. The 
entire group is lighted by electricity, generated by the private 
plant of the school. The pupils are under the direction of teach- 
ers, in dress, habits, manners, and conversation, as well as in 
their studies. The mind is not trained at the expense of the body, 
nor are mind and body trained without constant regard to the 
spiritual nature. The course of study is designed to cover all 
grades, beginning with the primary. Those who complete the 
course will be fitted to enter college. Systematic instruction is 
given through the whole course in Bible history, church history, 
and Christian doctrine. The charge for boarding pupils for 
the year is $250. This includes board, laundry, and tuition in 
English branches, Latin, physical culture, and vocal music and 
drawing in classes. 

ST. GEORGE'S HALL FOR BOYS, St. George's, in the 
Highlands twelve miles from Baltimore, Prof. J. C. Kinear, A. M., 
Principal. This institution was founded in 1876 as a preparatory 
school for any college or for business life. Its students are now 

119 



Amherst. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

prominent and successful in the army, navy, ministry, law, medi- 
cine, and all branches of commercial life. The buildings are 
entirely new and replete with all modern conveniences, while the 
grounds are extensive and beautiful, affording opportunity for all 
games and sports common to American youth. The principal was 
for years vice-president of the largest military school in the South, 
the founder and proprietor of the celebrated Pembroke School of 
Baltimore, and finally the proprietor and founder of St. George's 
Hall, which for twenty-three years has been the ideal school for 
boys in Maryland. The charge for the school year is from $250 
to $300, according to age of students. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

AMHERST COLLEGE, Amherst, Merrill E. Gates, Ph.D., 
LL. D., President, was first opened September 19, 1821, and was 
chartered in 1825. The departments of collegiate instruction are 
grouped in six general sections, as follows : Philosophy, ancient 
languages, English, modern languages, mathematics, and natural 
science. Every student who has completed his work in each sec- 
tion may be admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bach- 
elor of Science, and receive a diploma in testimony of the same. 
The degree of Master of Arts in course is conferred only on 
condition that the candidate, already a Bachelor of Arts, has 
completed a course of liberal study, approved by the faculty, suffi- 
cient in amount to constitute a fifth year of college work. The 
degree of Doctor of Philosophy, for which only college graduates 
may be candidates, is recommended on compliance with certain 
conditions. There are a number of available scholarships and 
prizes, the beneficiary funds amounting to over $200,000. The 
general term-bill, including tuition, library, gymnasium, and all 
ordinary incidentals, is $110 ; room rent in the dormitories is from 
$65 to $125 per annum; and board ranges from $3 to $6 per 
week. 

THE flASSACHUSETTS AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, 

Amherst, Henry H. Goodell, LL. D., President, had its birth in 
the land grant act of Congress in 1862. It was opened in 1868, 
and its thirty years of existence have been years of prosperity, 
comparing more than favorably with colleges in other States, 
established under the same grant. The superstructure of agri- 
cultural education is reared somewhat after this fashion : Agricul- 
ture the foundation ; botany, chemistry, zoology, and mathematics 
the four corner-stones ; the walls are solidly built up with English, 
horticulture, floriculture, and forestry on the one side, English, physi- 
ology, entomology, comparative anatomy of the domestic animals, 

120 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Andover. 

and veterinary on the other, English, mechanics, physics, and civil 
engineering on the third, and English, French, German, political 
economy, and constitutional history on the fourth, and the study 
of English the basis of all. The corps of professors and assist- 
ants numbers eighteen. Tuition is free, and the cost of board is 
nominal. 

flOUNT PLEASANT INSTITUTE, Amherst, Henry C. Nash, 
A. M., Proprietor, William K. Nash, A. M., Principal. Amherst, 
celebrated for its picturesque and healthful location, is easy of 
access from New York City, Boston, and Albany. Mount Pleasant 
Institute was established here in 1846, and the buildings were 
erected for school purposes, half a mile north of the village. Con- 
nected with the buildings are twenty acres of land, including a 
front court of about ten acres, and a grove of forest trees of about 
ten acres more, in which is gymnastic apparatus for the amuse- 
ment and health of the pupils. The Institute is designed for the 
education of boys in the fullest sense of the word. The number 
of pupils is limited to sixteen, and the course of study includes a 
thorough preparation for college, school of technology, or business. 
Pupils have access without extra charge to the valuable courses of 
lectures delivered at Amherst College. The cost of board, tuition, 
washing, mending, fuel, and lights is $333 per annum. 

flRS. W. F. STEARNS'S HOflE SCHOOL for young ladies, 
Amherst, offers a genuine home, together with careful physical, 
social, and religious culture, and the best intellectual training. 
The faculty of Amherst College kindly offer to render such assist- 
ance as may be suitable to the requirements of the pupils and the 
plan of the school, granting free access to the college library and 
to their collections in the natural sciences and in the fine arts. 
Board and tuition in English branches, Latin, French, and German, 
per annum, $500. 

ABBOT ACADEMY, Andover, Miss Emily A. Means, Prin- 
cipal, was founded in 1829 for the purpose of providing higher 
education for young women. It presents extended courses in 
Latin, Greek, French, German, history, literature, and science, and 
a college-fitting course, and also provides the best facilities for 
music and drawing. It is situated in a region of beautiful scenery 
and healthful climate. The equipment for the academy is com- 
plete and extensive, and it has accommodations for one hundred 
and twenty-five boarding pupils. Healthful out-door exercise is 
required of all. The new Draper Hall, the largest and most 
imposing of the school buildings, is regarded as one of the finest 
and most complete of its kind in the country. The total expense 
for board, washing, and tuition, excepting music and drawing, is 
$400 per annum. 

121 



Andover. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

PHILLIPS ACADEMY, Andover, C. F. P. Bancroft, LL. D., 
Principal, was founded in 1778. The school offers high grade 
courses, preparatory for college, in its two departments, classical 
and scientific. Good testimonials from previous schools are 
required. Entrance examinations for the several classes aje held 
in June and September. The term bills for tuition are $40 for the 
fall, $30 for the winter, and $30 for the spring term. Laboratory 
fees are charged for chemistry, physics, and botany. The price of 
board and lodging varies from $6 per week upwards. 

GUSHING ACADEMY, Ashburnham, Hervey S. Cowell, Prin- 
cipal, is beautifully situated, Mt. Wachusett rising to the south, 
Mt. Monadnock to the north, and several high hills and broad 
lakes being within the limits of the town of Ashburnham. In 
1854 Thomas Parkin an Gushing, a successful Boston merchant, 
left the bulk of his large estate to establish an academy in his 
native town. The act of incorporation was signed by Governor 
Andrew, May 16, 1865, and eight years later an edifice was 
erected at a cost of over $90,000, the school being opened to the 
public September 7, 1875. O R January 12, 1893, the main 
building was totally destroyed by fire, but prompt and generous 
contributions from all over the country made possible the imme- 
diate erection of new buildings, which were dedicated January 2, 
1894, and which are in many respects models of modern school 
architecture. Four courses are offered : Classical, literary, Eng- 
lish, and business, besides excellent musical courses. The school 
is co-educational. From $180 to $200 will cover all necessary 
annual school expenses. 

LASELL SEHINARY FOR YOUNG WOMEN, Auburndale, 
C. C. Bragdon, Principal, was founded in 1851 by Prof. Edward 
Lasell, of Williams College, who wished to make it a girls' 
school of the first rank. For over twenty years Mr. Bragdon 
has continued the work of the founder. He has modelled his 
courses of instruction and the school life of the students on lines 
which will best fit them for home duties. Their physical welfare 
is carefully looked after, and they have excellent chances for exer- 
cise. Proximity to the Charles River furnishes the opportunity for 
boating ; the grounds are spacious, and are provided with tennis 
courts ; and the gymnasium was equipped under the direction of 
Dr. D. A. Sargent, of Harvard University. In addition to fifteen 
resident teachers, there are sixteen visiting instructors from Boston, 
making a faculty of over thirty for one hundred and fifty students. 
The curriculum includes, besides the usual preparatory courses, 
the languages, music, drawing and painting, law lectures, book- 
keeping, phonography, typewriting, telegraphy, photography,, and 
domestic economy. 

122 



Mass. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Boston. 



ELM HILL SCHOOL, Barre, George A. Brown, A. B., M. D., 
and Catherine W. Brown, Superintendents. This private institu- 
tion for the education of feeble-minded youth was established in 
June, 1848, thus being the first school of the kind in America. It 
is ideally located in a country village, and has an altitude of one 
thousand feet above the sea. The grounds comprise 250 acres. 
The school is under a family organization, and the living buildings, 
arranged on the cottage system, include a boys' cottage, girls' 
cottage, farm cottage, epileptic boys' cottage, and home and 
custodial building. Symmetry of growth is aimed at ; to this end 




LASELL SEMINARY. 



individual instruction is emphasized, and careful attention is given 
to gymnastic and manual, as well as to mental, training. Younger 
children are taught by a modification of kindergarten methods, 
proceeding therefrom to public school instruction. The numbers 
are strictly limited, pupils being received at any time when a 
vacancy occurs. Children are admitted from the age of six 
upward. The institution is in session the year round. No efforts 
are spared to make this a delightful home as well as a thorough 
school. 

ACADEMY OF NOTRE DAME, Berkeley Street, Boston, was 
founded in 1853. The substantial brick building of five stories 
contains eight class-rooms and ten music-rooms, besides all the 
other rooms and halls belonging to such an institution. The 
academy exhibit of class work and needlework at the World's 

123 



Boston. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Mass. 



Fair was awarded medals and diplomas. The community num- 
bers seventy-five sisters, many of whom teach in the parochial 
schools, and the remainder in the aca'demy, the yearly attendance 
of which is one hundred and seventy-five. 

ACADEMY OF THE SACRED HEART, 618 Massachusetts 
Avenue, Boston. The plan includes primary and academic 
grades, and affords every facility for a thorough and refined 
education. The study of French forms a part of the regular 
course. Every attention is paid to the mental and moral training 
of the pupils, fitting them to fulfil their mission as Christian 
women in society. 

THE ALLEN GYflNASIUM, 42 to 56 St. Botolph Street, 
Boston, Miss Mary E. Allen, Director. This is an institution 
devoted to the maintenance of health by assisting nature by purely 




natural methods. It occupies two connecting buildings, with a 
frontage of 150 feet, and eighty feet in depth. One building is 
used for the Gymnasium and its sub-departments for education 
and recreation, the other for the baths and its various depart- 
ments. The Gymnasium is a school for physical training, cover- 
ing a course in gymnastic progressions of six years. Private and 
individual attention and help are given to the weak and partially 
disabled. The normal department comprises a two-year course. 
This gives the student training in four years of the progressions 
of the Gymnasium in practical work, with instruction in anatomy, 
physiology, and hygiene. The lectures and demonstrations of the 
Boston University Medical College are also open to them, while 
the numerous and varied classes in the Gymnasium give them 
large opportunity for observation and practical experience in 

124 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE: Boston. 

teaching. The recreation department includes six finely equipped, 
attractive bowling alleys and a tennis court. The bath depart- 
ment is one of the most beautifully fitted establishments of the 
kind. Here are given Turkish, Russian, electric, sulphur, and all 
kinds of baths, douches, head shampoos, and massage. The 
plunge, where swimming lessons are given, is exquisite in finish 
and appointment, with pure artesian well water. The whole com- 
prises the largest and most beautifully adapted establishment 
devoted to the interests of women and children in this or, we 
believe, any country. 

THE AUTHORS' AGENCY, William A. Dresser, Director. 
The offices of this agency are in the Pierce Building, Copley 
Square, Boston, opposite the Public Library and Art Museum. 
As an educational institution the importance of this agency, with 
its unusual facilities and comprehensive scope, ranks high, as is 
indicated both by the names of the eminent authors who are its 
references and by the large number of editorial notices received. 
It was established in 1892, and is a comparatively new means 
of educating and aiding writers by a carefully devised system 
applicable to the needs of all. The terms for aid, advice, MS. 
disposal, etc., are stated in the explanatory circulars mentioned on 
page 388. 

BALL SCHOOL FOR FLUTE, PICCOLO, AND PIANO, 133 

Tremont Street, Boston, Mr. O. J. Ball and Miss Alice E. Ball, 
Instructors. Mr. Ball began his work of teaching twenty years 
ago. The school has been in its present location for five years. 
The terms for either of the branches taught are twenty lessons for 

$25. 

BEALE SELECT SCHOOL OF SHORTHAND, 73 Tremont 
Street, Boston, Mrs. Harriet E. Wenzel and Miss Elizabeth How- 
ard, Principals, was established in 1884 by Mr. Charles Currier 
Beale, author of the Beale Shorthand. Having been appointed 
official stenographer of the Massachusetts Superior Court, Mr. 
Beale retired from the management of the school in July, 1898, 
transferring it to its present principals. The instruction is indi- 
vidual. The course of lessons arranged for this system is designed 
solely for the use of students of the school, and cannot be ob- 
tained elsewhere. Students graduating with an average of eighty 
per cent, from the amanuensis, teacher's, expert stenographer's, or 
law stenographer's course are awarded diplomas. 

BICKFORD'S SCHOOL, 48 Boylston Street, Boston, Prof. 
Charles Bickford, Principal, was founded in 1881, and offers 
courses of study to meet the requirements of lawyers, ministers, 
public readers, actors, teachers, lecturers, students in schools and 

12; 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

colleges, and young women who wish to acquire a graceful presence 
or to develop a healthy and vigorous physique. The branches 
taught include oratory, chironomy, physical culture, voice cultiva- 
tion, society gymnastics, and dramatic action, including stage eti- 
quette. The terms are $200 per annum, for the full course, which 
entitles the student to a diploma. 

BLISH SCHOOL OF ELOCUTION, 32 Music Hall Building, 
Boston, Prof. Geo. W. Blish, Principal, was founded in 1873, and 
is the oldest school of elocution in Boston. Particular attention is 
given to voice building, throat trouble, and defective articulation, 
as well as coaching in all branches. The instruction is given in 
private lessons, and special terms are made for the spring and 
summer. 

BRADFORD COflflERCIAL SCHOOL, 48 Boylston Street, 
Boston, E. E. Bradford, Principal, was established in 1876. The 
system of instruction is that set forth by the authors of Sadler's 
Bookkeepers and Office Practice, a practical drill in the work of 
the business office, thus transferring the counting-room to the 
schoolroom. The instruction is individual, and students may 
thus be admitted at any time during the school year. 

BRYANT AND STRATTON COMMERCIAL SCHOOL, 608 

Washington Street, Boston, H. E. Hibbard, Principal. This was 
the pioneer school to perfect an organization for the special purpose 
of supplying to business men well educated and thoroughly trained 
clerks, bookkeepers, and stenographers. A thorough education 
may be acquired in bookkeeping, shorthand and typewriting, and 
all the supplementary studies necessary to a business life. The 
tuition is $40 for each term of ten weeks. 

BOSTON COLLEGE, Boston, is under the direction of the 
Jesuit Fathers. There are three departments : The college, furnish- 
ing the usual four year course and leading to the degree of A. B. ; 
the academic or classical high school, preparatory for college ; and 
the English high school department. The method of instruction 
followed is that of the famous Ratio Studiorum of the Jesuits, de- 
scribed in " Loyola and the Educational System of the Jesuits," 
published by Charles Scribner's Sons. The buildings are extensive. 
There is a well appointed gymnasium, and a large tract of land in 
the suburbs of Boston is in preparation for a complete athletic 
field. 

BOSTON COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, 173 and 174 Tremont 
Street, Boston, William Henry Moriarty, Principal, aims to supply 
a practical business education. The instruction is individual and 
there is no age limit. A diploma is awarded to students who pur- 

126 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

sue any course successfully and pass a satisfactory examination. 
The system of stenography taught is the Benn Pitman. 

BOSTON CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, 154 Tremont 
Street, Boston, Herman P. Chelius, Director, was founded in 
1867 by Julius Eichberg, who first introduced the conservatory 
idea to this country. The original location, opposite the Boston Com- 
mon, remains unchanged. The plan of the course is in six grades. 
All instruments, as well as the art of conducting, theory, harmony, 
composition, and public school vocal work, are taught, and a post- 
graduate course is offered for those wishing to prepare themselves 
for the concert stage as performers or conductors. Certificates are 
not given below the fourth grade, and before receiving certificates 
the students are required to give one satisfactory recital. To grad- 
uate in any of the branches, harmony and solfeggio courses must 
be taken. Diplomas for graduation will be awarded after one 
year's study, provided the requirements are met. 

THE BOSTON COOKING SCHOOL, 372 Boylston Street, 
Boston, Miss Fannie Merritt Farmer, Principal, is the oldest cook- 
ing school in the country. The course of instruction includes prac- 
tice lessons in plain cooking and richer cooking. Arrangements are 
also made for a dinner course, and a course in sick-room cookery. 
Eight pupils constitute a full class. Applications to enter classes 
may be made from October to February. Demonstration lectures 
are given during the winter every Wednesday. The normal course 
extends from January to July, a six months' course, two sessions 
daily with a recess of one hour between sessions, except Saturdays, 
when there is a morning session only. The course includes instruc- 
tion in all branches of cookery and laundry work, with lectures and 
examinations in marketing, physiology of digestion, hygiene, chem- 
istry, bacteriology, psychology, and pedagogy. Special attention 
given to arrangement of lessons in cookery adapted to public 
school work, including plans for kitchen equipments and buying 
of utensils and supplies. The class is admitted to the demonstra- 
tion lectures given at the school, and pupils, when sufficiently ad- 
vanced, are required to give demonstrations before their class. 
Diplomas are awarded those who pass the required examination. 
A high school education is essential. Everything beyond this is an 
advantage, especially attendance at a normal school, a special 
aptitude for teaching, experience in housekeeping, etc. The terms 
for the lessons and demonstration lectures vary ; tuition in the 
normal course is $125. 

THE BOSTON CORNET CONSERVATORY, 170 Tremont 
Street, Boston (established 1886), Prof. John Hammond, Princi- 
pal. The course of instruction qualifies students as solo and orches- 

127 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

tral players. They are taught the position and manner of holding 
the cornet ; the natural position of the mouthpiece for strength of 
embrochure ; and the correct breathing for ease in producing the 
fullness,' roundness, and purity of tone so much admired in songs 
and slow movements. Single, double, triple point, legato, and stac- 
cato tonguing are thoroughly explained. Individual attention is 
given to men, women, boys, or girls. Trio and quartet classes en- 
courage reading at sight, and the students' recitals, arranged with 
programs of classical and popular music, stimulate interest and are 
a new departure in cornet teaching. Professor Hammond has 
always been associated with artists of high rank, and has natur- 
ally adopted the methods of the best instructors. At the age of 
nineteen he was engaged by Herr Ptacek as solo cornet and repre- 
sentative leader in the Duke of Rutland's band at Belvoir Castle. 
In 1869 he came to the United States, where, as first trumpeter or 
solo cornet, he has since been connected with the foremost bands 
and orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic Society, 
Major Downing's Ninth Regiment Band, and Gilmore's Twenty- 
second Regiment Band. 

BOSTON NORHAL SCHOOL OF GYflNASTICS, Hunting- 
ton Avenue, Boston, Amy Morris Homans, director, was estab- 
lished in 1889 by the late Mrs. Mary Hemenway. Its object is to 
supply the best opportunities in America for men and women who 
desire to prepare themselves to conduct gymnasia, or to direct 
physical training, according to the most approved modern methods. 
The staff of instruction includes specialists of distinction, and in 
the provision of apparatus neither pains nor expense have been 
spared. The gymnasium proper has an area of four thousand 
square feet, and the library, gathered chiefly in Europe, contains 
over one thousand volumes. Tuition is $150 a year. (See 
advertisement.) 

BOSTON STAMMERING INSTITUTE and training school for 
the treatment and cure of all imperfections in speech, 41 Tremont 
Street, Boston, Professor Grady, Principal. Graphophones are used 
to record the lessons, so that the pupils may note their own progress 
from day to day. The terms for treatment and training are accord- 
ing to the case from $50 to $300. 

BOSTON YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN UNION, 48 Boylston 
Street, Boston. Evening classes are held during the fall and 
winter in various English branches, modern languages, drawing, 
elocution, literature, science, etc. Tuition is free to members. 
Women are charged $i. Membership is $i per year. Wm. H. 
Baldwin, President ; George Pierce, Secretary. 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

BOSTON UNIVERSITY, general office, 12 Somerset Street, 
Boston. This metropolitan institution possesses the advantages 
of a location in the heart of Boston. Its six faculties -include 
nearly 120 teachers. More than fourteen hundred students are in 
attendance, and these come from thirty-six States and Territories of 
the American Union and from twenty-four foreign countries. Over 
four hundred are graduate students, being already bearers of uni- 
versity degrees. These come from no less than 104 American and 
foreign colleges, universities, and professional schools. The assets 
of the institution are over one and one half millions of dollars. It 
was the first in America to present graded courses of three years 
in theology, law, and medicine ; and also was the first to present a 
four years' course in medicine and to require its mastery in order 
to admission to the doctor's degree. 

niSSCHAMBERLAYNE'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 253 Com- 
monwealth Avenue, Boston, Miss Catherine J. Chamberlayne, Prin- 
cipal. This school is located on the most beautiful avenue in the 
city and is both a home and day school. The plan of study 
includes courses in ancient and modern languages, mathematics, 
psychology, logic, ethics, political science, history, English, music, 
and the arts of design. For girls of twelve years a course of study 
has been arranged which may be either the basis of preparation 
for college or of an advanced elective course. A course of fifteen 
lectures upon the English classics is given by well known men and 
women, and the lectures on art are arranged in six courses, each 
course being fully illustrated by photographs. The terms for board 
and tuition are $1,000 ; for tuition alone, $250. 

CHAUNCEY HALL SCHOOL, 458 Boylston Street, Boston, was 
founded in 1828 by Gideon F. Thayer, in a building of its own on 
Chauncy Place, now Chauncy Street. It was removed to Essex 
Street in 1868, when forty years old, and to Boylston Street in 
1874. It has led in many educational reforms, and has always 
maintained a strong following from the city and suburbs. Mr. 
Thomas Gushing was connected with its teaching corps from 1829 
to 1879, and Mr. William H. Ladd from 1855 to 1896. The pres- 
ent principals are Messrs. Taylor, DeMeritte and Hagar. The 
school covers all departments from kindergarten to college, and 
also has a kindergarten normal department of marked prominence. 
The total number of pupils is considerably over two hundred. 
One of its specialties is " English," and another is preparation for 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for which it claims to 
be the most prominent preparatory institution in the country. The 
school is co-educational and its certificate admits to all the New 
England colleges that accept certificates. 

129 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

i 

CLASSICAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 66 Marlborough Street, 
Boston, Miss Brown and Miss Owen, Principals. The special 
design of this school is to fit girls for college. The course of 
study may be arranged, however, to suit the needs of those who 
are not preparing for examinations. Pupils who pass a satisfac- 
tory examination in each subject required by her college will 
receive the certificate of the school, either for admission to Smith, 
Vassar, or Wellesley, or for recommendation to Radcliffe or Bryn 
Mawr. The number of pupils is limited. Tuition for pupils over 
fourteen years of age, $250; for pupils under fourteen, $200. 
Board and tuition, $1,000. 

THE COLBY TRAINING SCHOOL for teachers and prac- 
titioners of educational and medical gymnastics, Boston, was 
founded to carry on the work of the late Baron Nils Posse. Miss 
J. M. Colby was connected with the Posse Gymnasium from its 
organization until the death of its founder. The other teachers- of 
gymnastic branches are graduates of the same institution. The 
instructors in scientific and medical subjects include teachers in 
the Harvard Medical and other schools of high grade. Extensive 
experience in teaching educational gymnastics is afforded in gym- 
nasiums and schoolrooms. Ample opportunity is afforded for 
practice in medical gymnastics at the Massachusetts General and 
other hospitals of Boston, where Miss Colby's assistants are in 
charge of the work. The training comprises a three years' course 
of study. The gymnasium is located in the Farragut Building, 
Boylston Street, corner Massachusetts Avenue, Boston. Terms, 
from $100 to $150 a year. 

THE COriflONWEALTH AVENUE SCHOOL, a home and 
day school for girls, 324 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, -Miss 
Hannah E. Gilman, Miss Julia R. Gilman, Associate Principals. 
The aim of the school is to cultivate in the pupils the habit of 
intellectual observation, to develop the power of thinking, and to 
inspire them with a love of learning which will extend beyond 
their school days. The college preparatory department fits pupils 
for any college open to women. For girls who do not take a 
college course, advanced work is offered in history, literature, art, 
languages, and music. The manners and general culture of the 
girls receive very careful attention, and every effort is made to 
secure a wise and symmetrical development of their physical, 
mental, and moral natures. The terms for home pupils are $900 
per year. 

COPLEY SQUARE SCHOOL OF MUSIC Copley Square 
School of Languages, Literature and Art, Mrs. Katharine Frances 
Barnard, Principal. The location of this school is unsurpassed in 

130 



Mas?, 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Boston. 



accessibility and associations, being on the most beautiful square 
in Boston, in the immediate neighborhood of Trinity Church, the 
Museum of Fine Arts, the new Public Library, and the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology. Pupils in every stage of develop- 
ment are received and the most advanced instruction imparted 
by specialists. In the musical department every instrument is 
included, as well as voice and the study of harmony ; while 
English literature, the languages, physical culture, and all branches 




of art make up the literary department. For graduation three 
studies are required, two of which must be pianoforte and har- 
mony (counterpoint and analysis included). The third can be 
elected from one of the studies marked out in the curriculum. 
The tuition varies according to the studies selected for the course. 

COWLES ART SCHOOL, 221 Columbus Avenue, Boston, 
Frank M. Cowles, Manager, was founded in 1883. It occupies 
the entire upper story of the new Pope building, and is excellently 
arranged throughout. The institution includes the School of 
Fine Arts of the New England Conservatory of Music and the 
art scholarships offered by the Educational Bureau of the Ladies' 
Home Journal. Each student, on joining the school, is allowed to 
enter at once upon the highest grade of work of which he is 
capable. The course includes all branches of drawing, painting, 
illustrating, and decorative design. The course in decorative 
design may be completed in three years. Special attention is 
given to applied design. In the post-graduate course the students 
carry out advanced applied design in their own special lines of 
work, such as wood-carving, embroideries, wall-paper, etc. Mem- 
bers of the school have free access to the Museum of Fine Arts,, 

131 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

and various expeditions to factories are made, that they may 
observe practical execution. Lectures on subjects of interest and 
value to art are given during the winter. Tuition for the regular 
course is $15 per month. 

THE DAUDELIN SCHOOL OF flUSIC, 7 Park Square, Bos- 
ton, Joseph Emile Daudelin, Director, places the best musical 
education within the reach of all. The course of instruction is 
carefully graded from the simplest rudiments to the most difficult 
studies. It is a private school unaffected by the confusion attend- 
ant upon the larger institutions, and, for that reason, a greater 
personal interest is extended the pupil, who is encouraged and 
aided to a degree not possible in the crowded conservatories. 
Great pains have been taken to secure gifted and responsible 
teachers, several of them possessing European as well as local 
reputation. The Director received his musical education in 
Paris, where, under the instruction of Henri Leonard, Jules Gar- 
cin, and Emile Pessard, he followed the course prescribed at the 
Paris Conservatory. The school furnishes the best advantages 
for students in violin, piano, organ, harp, and other principal 
instruments of the orchestra, also in solfege and vocal culture, 
harmony, theory, and composition. 

THE DURANT GYMNASIUM, for women and children, 
Berkeley Street, Boston, Hope W. Narey, Director. Thorough in- 




struction in the American Progressive System will be given to the 
general classes. To those unable to begin with class work, but 
needing and desiring special exercises, scientifically adapted for 
the relief of abnormal conditions or deformities, courses in medical 
gymnastics and massage are given at reasonable rates. All the 
work is most carefully graded to the strength of the classes, and 
pupils are assured of competent oversight while in the gymna- 
sium. In addition to the class work and use of the gymnasium, 

132 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

each member of the class receives a physical examination and 
measurement, from which a prescription of exercises is given, that, 
if faithfully followed, will improve her physical condition in the 
needed directions. As an extra safeguard, the medical super- 
visor will examine the heart and lungs of each pupil, and give 
such caution or advice as may be found necessary in relation to 
gymnastic work. The new apparatus, with which the gymnasium 
has been equipped, will add much to its attractiveness and aid in 
the variety of games, which have always been a feature of the 
work. 

MR. W. N. EAYRS, 198 Dartmouth Street, Copley Square, 
Boston, gives private preparation for college and for the Institute 
of Technology. He receives pupils of either sex, singly, or in 
classes of five each. 

MISS EflERSON'S HOME AND DAY SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, 401 Beacon Street, Boston, Miss Frances V. Emerson, 
Principal, is designed to meet the needs of those desiring a sys- 
tematic course, and also those who wish to supplement previous 
training by special and advanced work. The course in college 
preparation is governed by the requirements of the leading col- 
leges. The work of the school includes all branches of the arts 
and sciences, and the modern and ancient languages. Special 
prominence is given to the department of English. Miss 
Emerson endeavors to surround the girls by a happy home 
atmosphere, and to give social as well as intellectual training. 
The number of pupils is limited. The terms for board and tuition 
are $900 ; for tuition alone, $200 and $250. 

EflERSON SCHOOL OF ORATORY, corner Tremont and 
Berkeley Streets, Boston, Charles Wesley Emerson, President, 
was established by President Emerson in 1880 as a private school, 
and was organized as a college in 1886, being incorporated as the 
Monroe College of Oratory, in honor of the late Prof. Lewis 
B. Monroe. In 1889 the name was changed by the Monroe Col- 
lege Alumni Association to that of its founder, and it is now 
called the Emerson College of Oratory. The college is designed 
.to give liberal culture. The courses of study are arranged in 
sixteen general groups, all pertaining to the art of expression. 
An ironclad standard for entrance has not been deemed neces- 
sary. Students who complete the full course of three years and 
pass satisfactory examinations in the studies required will receive 
a diploma of graduation. A junior certificate is given to students 
who pass satisfactory examinations during the two years' course. 
A special post-graduate certificate will be awarded at the expiration 
of the fourth year of study. The yearly tuition is $135. 

133 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

FAELTEN PIANOFORTE SCHOOL, 162 Boylston Street, Bos 
ton, Carl Faelten, Director, is devoted to the pianoforte and sup- 
plementary studies, theory, harmony, etc. It is a music school 
conducted on the most advanced educational principles of the 
day. The average attendance is 300 pupils. Among the special 
features of the school are children's classes, a training school for 
music teachers, and frequent pupil recitals. The cost of instruc- 
tion varies from $30 to $180 per school year of forty weeks. 

fllSS FLINT AND MISS BONNEY, private school for girls 
and boys, 319 Marlborough Street, Boston. This school is in 
sympathy with the spirit and work of the primary school conducted 
by Miss Hazard and Miss Woodward in the same building, and 
aims to receive and carry on their classes. Pupils over ten years 
of age, who are prepared to enter classes already formed, are 
received. The course of study includes English, Latin, French, 
mathematics, geography, history, science, manual training, and, to 
advanced classes, German and Greek. The tuition for the enter- 
ing class is $200; for the middle classes, $225; and for the 
advanced classes, $250. 

MISS FOLSOM'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 19 Chestnut Street, 
Boston, Miss E. M. Folsom, Principal, was organized in 1878, and 
was taken in charge by Miss Folsom in 1887. It is a day school, 
and the number of pupils is limited. Students are prepared for 
college, and in some of the upper classes the work done corre- 
sponds to that of the freshman and sophomore years of college 
work. French and German are carried into the study of. the 
literature of those languages. The laboratory for experimental 
physics and chemistry is thoroughly equipped, and these branches 
are taught by Mr. Dewey of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. The terms for the school year are $300. 

FRENCH'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 167 Tremont Street, 
Boston, Charles French, A. M., Principal, was founded in 1848. 
The curriculum includes all the studies of a practical business 
education. 

THE FRYE PRIVATE SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND GIRLS, 

434 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Mrs. C. B. Frye, Principal, 
was organized in 1893 by Caleb B. Frye, A. M. It grew out of 
Mr. Frye's work as a University tutor. The location on the 
corner of Massachusetts and Columbus Avenues is most desirable 
and convenient. The rooms are light and cheerful, and specially 
arranged for their present purpose. The well equipped laboratory 
has all the appliances, on a smaller scale, of the large institutions. 
Students may enter at any time, and be placed according to their 
advancement. All branches are taught, and the school makes a 




Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

specialty of fitting for college. The certificate of the school, 
awarded to those who pass satisfactory examinations, will admit 
to all colleges that accept a certificate. Tuition for the full year, 
$250. (See advertisement.) 

GREENWOOD'S FINISHING SCHOOL OF SHORTHAND 
AND TYPEWRITING, 61 Court Street, Boston, S. G. Greenwood, 
Principal, is in the old business part of the city. It is a select 
school for fitting and finishing young women and young men for 
positions as shorthand clerks, typewriters, and professional report- 
ers. The system taught is the Benn Pitman, without any modifi- 
cation. Advanced students are provided with a thorough office 
experience. The school is open for pupils throughout the year, 
and both day and evening classes are constantly in session, so 
that students may enter at any time. Instruction is also given by 
mail. 

HALE SCHOOL, 86 Beacon Street, Boston, Charles S. Street, 
A. B., LL. B., Edward D. Marsh, A. M., and Rest F. Curtis, A. M., 
Principals. This school was established in 1883 by 'Mr. Albert 
Hale, and upon his death, in 1895, it passed into the hands of the 
present principals. It is attractively situated, the front windows 
commanding a view of the Public Gardens. The building has 
been refitted for its present use, and offers many advantages, 
among which are a fully equipped chemical and physical labora- 
tory. The purpose of the school is to give a thorough preparation 
to boys who wish to enter college or scientific institutions. The 
course of study has been arranged with special consideration for 
those who intend to enter either Harvard University or Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology. It includes all the studies of the 
full grammar and high school course. Boys wishing to enter the 
school are required to furnish testimonials of good character from 
the school last attended. The tuition is from $150 to $250 per 
annum. 

HISS HELOISE E. HERSEY'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 

25 Chestnut Street, Boston. This school was established in 1887, 
and is specially intended to supply education to girls who do not 
wish a complete collegiate course. Applicants must have finished 
arithmetic and geography, and have a knowledge of the structure 
of an English sentence. They should be at least fourteen years 
old, though no rigid limit is fixed as to age. The courses include 
all branches of English, mathematics, and the modern and ancient 
languages. Although the school is not distinctively preparatory 
for college, students can be fitted in it for any of the colleges for 
women, and a certificate from the principal admits to Vassar 
College and to Smith College. Certificates are given to students 

135 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

who have for three years performed work of the grade required by 
the school. Tuition as day scholar is $250; as boarding pupil, 

$1,250. 

DOCTOR HENNEQUIN'S SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES, 

Pierce Building, Copley Square, Boston, Alfred Hennequin, Ph. D., 
Principal, has a complete faculty of native modern language 
teachers. Doctor Hennequin is a native of France, where he re- 
ceived his school and college education. He then pursued spe- 
cial linguistic studies at the University of France, and at Leipsic 
(Germany). He has had twenty-five years' experience as a 
teacher of languages and literature : five at the Victoria Anglo- 
French Academy, France, seventeen at the University of Mich- 
igan, and three at the New England College of Languages. 
Doctor Hennequin himself has exclusive charge of the depart- 
ment of French language and literature. Either the " University 
Method," or the " Conversational Method" is used. In the more 
advanced courses, the English tongue is excluded. In all the 
other courses, great stress is laid on conversation. All the philo- 
logical courses are pursued in the English language. 

HICKOX'S SHORTHAND SCHOOL, Pierce Building, Copley 
Square, Boston, William E. Hickox, Principal, was established in 
1879. The Isaac Pitman system of shorthand is taught. Cost 
of daily instruction is $15 a month; of evening instruction (two 
lessons a week), $6 a month. Lessons by mail are $i each; twelve 
lessons comprise the theory. 

MR. A. HILDRETH'S SCHOOL, Pierce Building, Copley 
Square, Boston, fits for college by " the twentieth century method," 
originated by Mr. Hildreth. The method of teaching languages 
used in this school is the result of many years' continuous experi- 
ment ; the recent improvements make it possible to produce a 
perfect scholarship in one-half the time and with one-quarter of 
the brain-fag required by any other known system. By means 
unused and practically unknown in other schools this method 
doubles the capacity of memory, and rapidly develops the power 
of thinking, so that the student can grapple successfully with the 
most intricate sentences of Greek, Latin, German, or French. 

HOPKINSON SCHOOL, 29a Chestnut Street, Boston, J. P. 
Hopkinson and B. J. Legate, Principals. The object of this 
institution is to prepare boys for Harvard University. The school 
is divided into seven classes. The lowest is the preparatory class. 
Applicants for admission should be at least nine years of age, and 
show a fair proficiency in reading, writing, spelling, geography, 
and arithmetic. Older boys are placed in classes according to 
their capacity and attainments. During the last two years of the 

136 



Mass, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

course latitude in the choice of studies is given to the pupils, so 
that the preliminary education at school may be in line with the 
studies to be pursued in college. In the study of physics and 
chemistry the laboratory plan is used. Tuition for members of 
the preparatory class, $200 per year ; for pupils in the advanced 
classes, $250 per year. 

KENDALL'S PRACTICAL BUSINESS SCHOOL AND 
NORHAL WRITING INSTITUTE, 136 Boylston Street, Boston, 
H. C. Kendall, Principal, was established in 1870 with penman- 
ship as a specialty. To this were soon added an English and 
mercantile course. The number of pupils is limited, each receiv- 
ing private instruction, thus avoiding the publicity of attending a 
commercial or business college, or of being in a large class. The 
courses include plain and flourishing penmanship, lettering, black- 
board instruction and method of conducting classes, arithmetic, 
and practical bookkeeping. 

KINDERGARTEN NORMAL CLASS, 29 West Cedar Street, 
Boston, Miss Garland and Miss Weston, Instructors. For ad- 
mission to this school the applicant must be more than eighteen 
years of age ; must have a genuine love of children ; must present 
a high school certificate or show an equivalent in educational 
preparation. The ability to sing is essential, and some knowledge 
of instrumental music desirable. The regular course is two years, 
and the post-graduate course one year. The tuition for the regular 
course is $200, and for the post-graduate, $150. 

flASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, 

Boston, James M. Crafts, President. The foundation of this in- 
stitute was laid in a " Memorial " prepared by Prof. William 
Barton Rogers in 1859. The Society of Arts began its meetings in 
December, 1862, but the Civil War led to the postponement of the 
opening of the School of Industrial Scie'nce until 1865. The build- 
ings, seven in number, are most favorably located, in close prox- 
imity to the library of Boston as well as to the Museums of Fine 
Arts and of Natural History. The applicant must have attained 
the age of seventeen, and have passed satisfactory examinations in 
algebra, plane geometry, solid geometry, French or German, Eng- 
lish, and history. He must also present satisfactory evidence of 
preparation in one of a list of electives. The following distinct 
courses, each of four years' duration, are offered : Civil engineering, 
mechanical engineering, mining engineering and metallurgy, archi- 
tecture, chemistry, electrical engineering, biology, physics, general 
studies, chemical engineering, sanitary engineering, geology and 
naval architecture. For the satisfactory completion of any one 
of these the degree of Bachelor of Science is conferred by the 

137 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

Institute. Women are admitted to all of the courses of the school. 
The State of Massachusetts has established forty free scholarships, 
one being assigned to each senatorial district of the State. The 
tuition fee for regular students is $200 per year. 

THE flASTERS SCHOOL FOR DANCING AND DEPORT= 
MENT, 7 Park Square, Boston, Prof. E. W. Masters, Principal. 
The branch schools are in Plummer Hall, Hyde Park, Temple 
Hall, Allston, and Malta Hall, Cambridgeport. The terms for the 
evening classes are ten lessons, $4, and for the day classes, $6. 
Private lessons at any hour, $i. 

NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE OF LANGUAGES, 120 Tre 

mont Street, Boston, branch college, 375 Haverhill Street, Law- 
rence, Prof. Paul Kunzer, Ph. D., Director. Students may enter 
at any time, and numerous courses are offered in the various de- 
partments, preparation for college being a special feature of the 
institution. All the modern languages, besides Latin, Greek, and 
Hebrew, are taught, and mathematics form a branch of the English 
department. The tuition varies according to the course selected. 

NEW ENGLAND CONSERVATORY OF flUSIC, Franklin 
Square, Boston, is the leading conservatory of America. The 
departments are as follows : Music, oratory, literature, and modern 
languages. Complete and systematic instruction in all the depart- 
ments is given from the most elementary grades to the highest 
artistic standard. Students are received at any time. 

ERIC PARE SCHOOL OF ART, Farragut Building, Corner 
Massachusetts Avenue and Boylston Street, Boston, Eric. Pape, 
Head Instructor and Director. Studied in Paris under the French 
masters, Boulanger, Lefebvre, Benjamin Constant, Doucet, Blanc, 
and Delance, and while at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under Ge- 
rome, Delaunay, and Jean Paul Laurens. Mrs. Eric Pape, Assist- 
ant Instructor, daughter of the late Professor Lewis B. Monroe, 
Dean of the Boston University School of Oratory, studied in Paris 
under Bougereau, Robert Fleury, and Lazer. Since 1890 Mr. 
Pape has exhibited twenty-two pictures in the Paris Salon, Champ 
de Mars. His illustrations for books, magazines, and weeklies 
are widely known. There are no examinations for admittance to 
any of the preparatory classes. The student is led as much as 
possible in the direction of his individual tastes with a foundation 
of good drawing gained from the study of the living model. It is 
the intention to carry out the great but simple principles of the 
art academies of Paris. The courses include drawing and paint- 
ing from the nude and costume model, portraiture, still-life, water- 
color, pastel, illustration (in all mediums), poster and book-cover 
designing, study of costumes of all ages, composition, pyrogravure 

138 



Mass: WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

and Kensington, wood-carving and drawing from the cast. Models 
all day, and evening classes for men. The terms vary according 
to the work pursued. 

niSS PIERCE'S SHORTHAND SCHOOL, 53 State Street, 
Boston, Mary E. Pierce, Principal. This school is in the Stock 
Exchange Building, the largest and one of the best equipped 
buildings in the city. A good common school education is neces- 
sary to become a good stenographer, and the principal will 
examine any pupil presenting himself that he may avoid the mis- 
take of wasting time should he not be prepared to take up the 
study. The Isaac Pitman system is the one taught. Students are 
admitted every week day in the year. The tuition is $15 a month. 
For evening classes twice a week, $6 a month. 

THE POSSE QYMNASIUn, 23 Irvington Street, Boston, Eliza- 
beth T. Gray, M. D., Medical Superintendent, Grace M . Gilman, 
Principal of Educational Department. This institution for physi- 
cal culture was founded by the late Baron Nils Posse, and was 
opened in 1890. It has already graduated about two hundred 
students. The normal department has its rooms in the Harcourt 
Building, with entrances from Irvington and Harcourt Streets. 
The gymnasium hall is in the upper story of the Harcourt Build- 
ing. It has a free floor area of 5,208 square feet. The building 
devoted to medical gymnastics is located at 64 Commonwealth 
Avenue. There are two courses in the normal department, 
junior and senior. In each the tuition fee is $150. Members of 
the junior class may take a special course in medical gymnastics 
by paying an additional fee of $50. 

HISS POST, dancing and deportment, Pierce Hall, Boston. 
Deportment is a special feature of the classes, the principal con- 
sidering children's manners, address, and graceful carriage fully 
as important as dancing. The terms are twenty-five lessons for 
$25 ; private lessons, $5. 

THE PRANG NORMAL ART CLASSES, 646 Washington 
Street, Boston, were organized in 1887, f r tne express purpose of 
meeting the needs of earnest teachers, enabling them to take up 
the subjects of art education, and make them a fundamental part 
of the school work. The directors of these classes realize not only 
the need of grade teachers, for normal art instruction, but the 
necessity that this assistance be afforded in such a way that teach- 
ers can avail themselves of it without interrupting their regular 
school work. The work of the Prang Normal Art Classes is car- 
ried on through home study and correspondence. This plan is no 
mere experiment, it has proven itself thoroughly practicable and 
successful. The instruction is in conformity with the principles 

139 



Boston. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Mass. 



and methods of the Prang course in art instruction. This course 
is followed in the public schools of nearly all the large cities in the 
United States, and a large number of smaller cities and towns. It 
is used in the leading normal and training schools, and is in recog- 
nized harmony with the work of the best technical and art schools. 
More than two millions are now being taught by this method in 
the public schools. The course of instruction includes animal and 
pose drawing, brush work, both ink and color, line and landscape 
composition, and all the latest developments of the work of art 
instruction. Tuition, Class A, $15 ; Class B, $25. The instruc- 
tion in the Prang Normal Classes is of so thorough and practical 
a nature that it gives excellent preparation for more advanced 





instruction in the leading art and. technical institutions in the 
country. This fact has been distinctly recognized by the Pratt 
Institute of Brooklyn, N. Y., where ten annual scholarships have 
been established to be competed for by the students of Class B of 
the Prang Normal Art Classes. Louis Prang, John S. Clark, 
Mary Dana Hicks, Hannah Johnson Carter, Directors. 

SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 115 Beacon Street, Boston, Mr. and 
Mrs. John A. Bellows, Principals. This school is an outgrowth of 
a school for girls, conducted for nine years by Mr. and Mrs. 
Bellows, in Portland, Me. It is both a day and boarding school, 
designed especially for imparting the higher branches to girls who 
do not intend to pursue a college course, as well as for preparing 
young women who wish to enter college. The tuition for day 
pupils is $200 per annum, and boarding pupils, $800. 

SCHOOL OF DOHESTIC SCIENCE AND CHRISTIAN 
WORK, 52 Berkeley Street, Boston, under the auspices of the 
Boston Young Women's Christian Association, A. Josephine Fore- 
hand, S. T. B., Principal. Object of the school : To train women 

' 140 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

for teachers of domestic science and domestic arts, matrons, house- 
keepers and home makers, and to make home life and home work 
so ennobling that no woman's education will be complete without 
its knowledge ; to train Christian women for city missionaries, 
pastor's assistants, Sunday school workers, and Y. W. C. A. secre- 
taries. Although these two departments are indispensable to each 
other, the student does not take the full course of each, but sup- 
plements the course of her choice with a minimum course in the 
other department. Special and striking features of the school : 
Besides the usual facilities for theoretical training, including a 
model and in every way up-to-date demonstration kitchen, this 
school affords the unusual opportunity, through its home depart- 
ment, of training the student to meet the practical and difficult 
problems that arise in the ordinary working kitchen of every 
household, whether private or institutional. Each boarding stu- 
dent, during the eight months, performs in turn every part of 
the work - of managing a household of twenty-five people, thus 
fortifying herself against that day when suddenly called upon 
to cater to a large number. Not a few newly graduated teach- 
ers from other schools without this training have been found 
wanting when unexpectedly weighed in the balance. Another 
striking feature is the compulsory practice teaching done in 
the Girls' Clubs and Industrial Schools of Boston, and the obser- 
vation teaching in the public schools. Courses of Study in 
domestic science department : Normal, trains for teachers, two 
years ; special, fits individual needs ; elective, for day pupils. 
Courses in department of Christian work : Regular, two years ; 
special, time according to subject specialized ; elective, for day 
pupils. Students who wish to specialize in either cooking or 
the domestic arts alone can accomplish the full course in one 
year. Curriculum of normal course : First year, cooking and 
marketing (theory and practice), keeping of family accounts, house- 
hold management, educational sewing, draughting undergarments, 
millinery, clay modelling, drawing, home nursing, lectures, Bible ; 
second year, cooking advanced, natural science, chemistry, chem- 
istry of foods, botany of fruits, grains, vegetables, biology of 
human physiology, bacteriology, hygiene, sanitation, rhetoric, 
psychology, principles and laws of teaching, voice culture for 
teaching and demonstration, physical training, dressmaking, prac- 
tice teaching, emergencies, lectures, Bible. Requirements for 
admission : Applicants must furnish satisfactory reference as to 
character, health, and grammar school education. Candidates for 
the teacher's diploma must have a high school education, or its 
equivalent. Certificates presented to those who satisfactorily 
finish a special course. Terms for boarding pupils, including tui- 
tion, board, room, laundry, for eight months, $200. Day pupils, 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

full course, eight months, $75. There are a few working scholar- 
ships by which students may reduce the cost of tuition and board. 
For circulars address A. Josephine Forehand, Principal. 

THE SCHOOL OF DRAWING AND PAINTING, Museum 
of Fine Arts, Boston, Miss Elizabeth Lombard, Manager. The 
school was established in 1876, and is open to students of both 
sexes. The principal studies under the management of regular 
instructors of the school are divided as follows : Painting (the 
nude, draped model, and still life), Mr. Edmund C. Tarbell ; draw- 
ing from the nude model, Mr. Frank W. Benson ; drawing from 
the cast, Mr. Philip Hale ; decorative design, Mrs. William Stone ; 
modelling, Mr. Bela L. Pratt; artistic anatomy, Mr. Edward W. 
Emerson ; perspective, Mr. Anson K. Cross. The tuition for the 
school year is $90; for a new pupil an entrance fee of $10 is 
required in addition. 

SCHOOL OF ENGLISH SPEECH AND EXPRESSION, 

Marie Ware Laughton, Principal. This school, situated as it is in 
the Pierce building, Copley Square, is in the heart of literary 
Boston, adjacent to it being Trinity Church, the new Public Li- 
brary, and the Art Museum. It is a school of English speech, 
literature, English and American, composition, rhetoric, the speak- 
ing voice, and artistic expression. It is a private school, and the 
number of pupils is limited. In all regular courses class and 
private lessons are combined. This feature, more than any other, 
has contributed to the success of its graduates. Normal training 
is provided for those desirous of becoming teachers. 

SCHOOL OF EXPRESSION, Boston, S. S. Curry, Ph.D., 
President, was organized in 1879, incorporated in 1885, and is 
partly endowed. In 1888 Sir Henry Irving gave the school $1,200 
for an instructorship in dramatic training. This school absorbed 
the School of Elocution and Expression, in 1883, and the Boston 
College of Oratory, in 1895. The purpose of the school is to 
emphasize the spoken word, as a means of educational training. 
The school seeks to develop the powers of the mind, and to bring 
them into perfect unity ; to secure control of each agent of the 
body, and to bring the whole organism into harmony. There are 
courses in vocal expression, vocal training, phonology, organic and 
harmonic physical training, pantomimic expression, vocal interpre- 
tation of literature (practical rendering of Browning, Tennyson, 
Shelley, and other poets), Shakespeare and dramatic training, 
public reading, extemporaneous speaking, English composition 
(adaptations and dramatizations), principles of art and of criti- 
cism, methods of teaching, and philosophy of expression. These 
courses furnish the simplest and most effective methods of train- 

142 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Boston. 

ing speakers, teachers, readers, clergymen, actors, and all others 
who would express thought and emotion through speech and 
action. No artificial system is taught ; students are led to study 
nature for themselves. Not merely theoretic instruction is kept in 
view, but practical training and artistic culture. The highest col- 
lege standards are maintained in all departments. The school is 
located between the Art Museum and the Boston Public Library, 
where it has special privileges. The school year begins in October 
and ends in May. There is a summer session during July, in 
Monteagle, Tenn., and during August, in Boston, Mass. The 
regular course consists of about twenty hours of class instruc- 
tion a week. Two years are required for the diploma in general 
culture, an additional year for the diploma for teachers or public 
readers. The artistic diploma is granted only for a fourth year's 
work, and proficiency in artistic rendering in public. Tuition, $140 
a year, in advance. 

SCHOOL OF HOUSEKEEPING, under the auspices of the 
Women's Educational and Industrial Union, Miss Henrietta Good- 
rich, Superintendent. This school was organized in November of 
1896, to meet the need of a scientific treatment of the domestic 
problem. It is an acknowledgment that housekeeping is a science, 
and housework a trade. The houses used for the practical work 
of the school are at 45 and 47 St. Botolph Street. Ten employees 
are received for training. They are directed by a skilled house- 
keeper and a teacher of cooking. The course covers a period of 
not less than four months, and consists of a thorough training in 
all departments of house service. No woman is received under 
sixteen, or over thirty years of age. References as to character 
and general intelligence are required. Diplomas are awarded to 
graduates who pass satisfactory examinations in general house- 
work. A diploma will ensure a position through the office of the 
Domestic Reform League. No charge is made for the instruction. 

SCHOOL OF nUSIC AND ELOCUTION, 121 Beacon Street, 
Boston, Miss J. A. Wells, Teacher of Music ; Mrs. Rachel Noah- 
France, Elocution. Miss Wells teaches the Italian (Lamperti) 
method. Mrs. Noah-France was for thirty years a member of the 
Boston Theatre Company. These ladies pay especial attention to 
training for the opera, concert, and drama. Arrangements for 
private or class lessons as desired. A limited number of pupils 
from a distance are received, homes provided for them, and their 
welfare looked after. 

fllSS SCANDLIN'S DAY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 157 New 

bury Street, Boston. Pupils are received at five years of age and 
prepared to enter the sixth grade in the classical schools. Special 

143 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

effort is made to secure a thorough foundation in English branches, 
and to develop a taste for good reading. Instruction in French is 
given by native teachers. Number of pupils is limited to twenty. 

SUMMER SCHOOL OF HOflE SCIENCE, American Kitchen 
Magazine, 485 Tremont Street, Boston, with courses of lectures 
conducted by Miss Barrows, Mrs. Lincoln, Mrs. Richard, Mrs. 
Norton, and others. 

MR. CHARLES WELLINGTON STONE'S SCHOOL FOR 
BOYS, Boston, was established in the autumn of 1879. In 1883 
it was removed from Temple Place to 68 Chestnut Street, where 
it has since remained. The number of pupils has been limited, 
as Mr. Stone desires to do all the teaching himself, employing 
assistants only in cases of unforeseen exigency. Individual train- 
ing has been the system of the school ; the equivalent of private 
tuition, without loss of companionship. The school has therefore 
been resorted to by several types of pupils : Those who wish to 
prepare for the Harvard examinations in the shortest possible 
time, those who have failed to make their way in the large schools, 
those who from illness have been compelled to economize in their 
energies, and those who from scholarly ambition have been glad 
to do more than enough to pass the examinations. Some pupils, 
for instance, have read with pleasure all the twenty-four books of 
the Iliad. It is an open secret that this school is the number 
thirty-eight in the now historic report to the Harvard overseers 
on subject of English. 

THE TREMONT THEATRE ACADEMY OF DANCING, 176 

Tremont Street, Boston, Otto F. Heinaman, Manager, occupies 
Tremont Hall in the Tremont Theatre building. The location 
for convenience of accessibility of this academy is unsurpassed by 
any in the city, being directly opposite the Tremont Street exit of 
the Boylston Street subway station, from which cars can be taken 
for any part of Boston or suburbs. The spacious hall, with its 
elegant maple floor, is considered among the finest in the country. 
The school has been conducted with marked success for the past 
twenty-five years. Students can enter at any time, and are fur- 
nished with coupon tickets, so that an absence from the class does 
not necessitate any loss to the pupil. The academy is open daily 
from 10 A. M. to 7.30 P. M., and private lessons will be given at 
any time to those wishing to acquire the rudiments of the art be- 
fore joining the classes. The regular classes are held in the even- 
ing from 7.45 until 10 o'clock; and while employing a corps of 
competent assistants to practise with the pupils, all instruction is 
given by Professor Heinaman, and each pupil receives careful 
attention. Circulars will be sent, upon application, to any address, 
giving full particulars as to prices, etc. 

144 



Mass. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Boston. 



THE VIRGIL CLAVIER SCHOOL OF BOSTON, the work of 
which is devoted exclusively to the study of pianoforte playing, 
was established by Mr. A. K. Virgil just prior to his going abroad, 
where he has since established schools in both London and Berlin. 
Mr. H. S. Wilder, the director of the school, is a teacher of large 
experience and a musician of recognized ability. Its location at 
355 Boylston Street is in the art centre of Boston, in the vicinity 
of the Public Library and Art Museum. Convenient alike to rail- 
roads and the electrics. The Virgil Method and the Practice 





MR. OTTO F. HEINAMAN. 

Clavier is used for all technical and fundamental work. One of 
the important features of the school is regular Monday evening 
recitals at which all of the pupils of the school are expected to 
play several times during the season. Any one interested in 
piano playing is welcomed at these recitals. The Virgil Practice 
Clavier needs no introduction. Its great value has been generally 
conceded. It has been endorsed by some of the greatest pianists 
of the age, including Von Bulow, Joseffy, Paderewski, Rosenthal, 
Pachman, and others. Since Mr. Virgil's going abroad, both in 
London and Berlin, his theories have been endorsed by some of 
the most eminent masters, and the success of the schools has ex- 
ceeded his expectations. 

US 



Boston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

THE VOLKMAN SCHOOL, Trinity Court, Dartmouth Street, 
Boston, prepares boys for any college or polytechnic school. The 
boys' age for entering the lowest class averages between ten and 
eleven years. Eight teachers are employed for the work. The 
school was designed and built for the purposes of the school, with 
due attention to ventilation and sanitary heating. Both direct 
and indirect heating are provided. There is a physical and 
chemical laboratory with full equipment. Hot or cold lunch may 
be obtained from the janitor. School hours are from 9 to 2 
o'clock; the youngest class is dismissed at 1.20. 

WARREN SCHOOL OF ACTING AND ORATORY, 666 

Tremont Street, Boston, Edward Warren, Director. Mr. Warren 
is an actor of twenty-three years' experience, and has played with 
all our best known stars and stock companies. He came from 
New York to Boston three years since to open his school of act- 
ing. The school is open the entire year, and pupils are received 
at any time and prepared for practical stage work. All lessons 
are private, there being no classes formed. During the season 
many plays are given in various places by the students. The 
terms for instruction are : Course of twenty lessons, $30. Spe- 
cial arrangements made for six months' or a year's course. 

HISS WEEKS' AND HISS LOUGEE'S SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, 231 Marlborough Street, Boston, was established in 1892, 
and consists of a junior department for pupils over twelve, a 
senior department, and a college preparatory course. The courses 
include all branches of instruction, and the regular class work is 
supplemented by lectures delivered by leading authorities in the 
various subjects presented. A limited number of pupils are re- 
ceived into the family. Terms for the regular course, $250 ; for 
special course, each subject, $75. Board and tuition, $1,000. 

flRS. AND HISS WINSLOW'S residence for school girls and 
students, 7 r Marlborough Street, Boston. Mrs. and Miss Wins- 
low receive into their family a limited number of young girls who 
wish to pursue a regular course of study at any of the private 
schools in Boston, or special courses in music, art, or science. The 
house is in one of the pleasantest parts of the city, being in the 
immediate vicinity of the Public Garden, Art Museum, public 
libraries, and churches of the various denominations, and dis- 
tant but a few minutes' walk from the principal private and 
special schools. Mrs. Winslow, while giving to the girls com- 
mitted to her charge the same care they would receive in a board- 
ing school, surrounds them with the influences of a refined, culti- 
vated home. The rules of the family life are only such as are 
necessary to ensure the best conditions for study and at the 

146 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Bradford. 

same time for the preservation of the health of the pupils. Regu 
lar hours are arranged for study, practice, recreation, and exercise. 
The pupils are also enabled to enjoy the great advantages that 
Boston affords in books, art, music, and the drama. The terms 
for the school year, including board and the use of piano one 
hour daily, are $620 per year. 

HISS WINSOR'S SCHOOL, 21 Marlborough Street, Boston, 
Mary Pickard Winsor, Principal, has an eight-year course of study, 
the pupil usually entering the lowest class at ten years of age and 
being ready for college at eighteen. Light gymnastics are an im- 
portant part of the daily exercises. English language, literature, 
and history are required studies ; and for the first three years 
drawing also is required. The other branches are more or less 
optional. The fees for tuition are : For pupils under twelve years 
of age, $150; for those between twelve and fourteen, $200; for 
those over fourteen, $250. Beginning with 1898-99, these 
prices will be raised fifty dollars for all new pupils. 

NOTRE DAME ACADEHY, Roxbury, Boston, is remarkable 
for the beauty and healthfulness of its location. Pupils of every 
creed are received on condition of exterior conformity. All 
branches of the grammar and high school courses are taught, 
besides music, painting, sewing, and etiquette. At the completion 
of each branch of study, certificates of proficiency are given. 
Upon these certificates depend the diplomas conferred upon the 
graduates. The terms for board and tuition are $250. 

ROXBURY LATIN SCHOOL, Kearsarge Avenue, Roxbury, 
Boston. (Founded in 1645.) The school is governed by a board 
of twelve trustees. William C. Collar, the head master, appointed 
in 1867, assisted by seven masters, sends annually to college, 
mostly to Harvard, from fifteen to twenty-five boys. The school 
is free to inhabitants of Roxbury and West Roxbury. All others 
pay a fee for tuition of $150. A few boys, not exceeding six in 
number, are received into the family of the head master. 

THE CARLETON SCHOOL, for young men and boys, Brad- 
ford, I. N. Carleton, A. M., Ph. D., Principal, has been in success- 
ful operation since 1884. Its aim is to furnish to a select number 
of young men and boys the most favorable conditions for educa-- 
tional training, such conditions as only the best possible combina- 
tion of school and home can afford. In studies and tone the 
school has place among the best New England academies. It 
offers instruction in the same courses of study which they maintain. 
The college preparatory course is carefully adjusted to modern 
requirements. Latin and Greek are taught in a way unusually 
effective and satisfactory, particularly in the case of those who 

H7 



Braintree. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

find it difficult to master the elements of these languages. The 
terms for home pupils are from $400 to $500 per year. 

THAYER ACADEMY, Braintree, William Gallagher, A. M., 
Ph. D., Head Master, was founded in 1877 D Y Sylvanus Thayer, 
LL. D. Two courses of study are offered, a classical and a gen- 
eral. The classical course is devoted to preparation for admission 
to any American college. Facilities are offered for entering col- 
lege with advanced subjects. The general course is for those who 
do not intend to go to college, but who wish to carry their educa- 
tion beyond the ordinary high school studies. Candidates for 
admission must not be under thirteen years of age. There is a 
preparatory course for those not fitted to enter the regular courses. 
The tuition is $75 per year. 

STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Bridgewater, Albert G. Boyden, 
A. M., Principal, was one of the first three State normal schools on 
this continent. The school was opened September 9, 1840. The 
courses are as follows : A two years' course, with observation and 
practice in the model school, the graduates of which are in demand 
for teaching in primary and grammar grades ; a three years' course, 
with more extended practice in the model school, and elective 
advance studies ; and a four years' course, fitting for high grade 
work. There is also an advanced course for college graduates, a 
special course for experienced teachers, and a kindergarten course. 
To persons declaring their intention to teach in the State tuition 
shall be free ; but persons intending to teach in other States, or in 
private schools, may be admitted to the normal schools upon paying 
$15 a term for tuition, provided their admission does not exclude 
or inconvenience those intending to teach in the public schools of 
the Commonwealth. 

EPISCOPAL THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL, Cambridge, Edmund 
H. Bennett, LL. D., President. The school was founded in 1867 
by Benjamin Tyler Reed, of Boston, who appropriated to that end 
$100,000. Cambridge was selected for the site of the school in 
order to take advantage of the peculiar opportunities of the place 
for that grade of theological education which the institution was 
intended to impart. All persons desiring to enter must present to 
the dean, with their application, satisfactory references or testi- 
monials to their character. The course of study embraces the 
Old and New Testaments, with their language and history ; pas- 
toral care, systematic divinity, and homiletics. Sociology is an 
elective course of twelve lectures. Candidates for the degree of 
Bachelor of Divinity must have received the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, or an education equivalent to a full college course. The 
tuition, including board, service, and care of rooms, fuel, and 
lights, is $265 per year. 

148 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cambridge. 

THE CAflBRIDGE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 36 Concord Ave- 
nue, Cambridge, Arthur Gilman, Director. This school was founded 
in 1886 by Mr. Gilman, who, ten years later, resigned his position 
as regent of Radcliffe College to give his entire attention to The 
Cambridge School. Writing of The Cambridge School, in 1891, 
Miss Helen Leah Reed, the author, of Boston, says, " Mr. Gilman 
himself has a well deserved reputation as an educator throughout 
the United States. Mr. Gilman's first adult years were spent in 
the banking business, but when his health made a change of occu- 
pation necessary, he entered upon a career of authorship, giving 
his attention largely to books and articles bearing on general 
literature. One of the most successful of his educational books is 
his admirable ' First Steps in English Literature,' and his ' Story 
of Boston,' is very well known. It was Mr. Gilman who first con- 
ceived the plan of opening to women a systematic course of study 
at Harvard College, and this plan, arranged with great care and 
foresight, resulted in the well established and efficient ' Harvard 
Annex ' [now Radcliffe College]. The success of the Annex sug- 
gested to Mr. Gilman that a school for younger girls, established 
on similar lines, might be received with favor by those parents 
who believed that scientific principles could be applied even to the 
very first years of a girl's education." Miss Reed goes on to trace 
what she calls " the remarkable growth " of the school, from the 
time that it was opened in " a small, old-fashioned house next door 
to the Annex," " quaint and attractive," which was " constantly 
enlarged to meet the demands for greater space." It is now 
occupying its third building. Miss Reed concludes with the 
remark that " the ideal boarding-school is that which most nearly 
reproduces the conditions of home life." The school occupies 
three sunny buildings in the residential part of Old Cambridge. 
One of these is the school building proper, and contains the 
class rooms, study rooms, book room, laboratories, art rooms, and 
office. The others Margaret Winthrop Hall and Howells House 
are residences for young ladies whose homes are not in 
Cambridge. They are at a short distance from the school 
building, thus giving the students a short walk daily, to and 
from school. In each of the residences there are ladies who 
act as mothers to a small number of girls. These ladies are not 
" matrons," but persons with their own social life in Cambridge, 
who make it their sole duty to train in the best way the young 
lives committed to their charge. They are responsible for the 
out-of-school conduct of the girls, but bind them by no irksome 
rules. The " house-mothers " do no teaching in the school, nor 
do any of the teachers board in these homes. The teachers and 
pupils are thus brought together fresh every morning, avoiding 
the bad effects apt to result from the too constant companionship 

149 



Cambridge, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

of teachers and students in boarding-schools. The girls have all 
the advantages of both home life and day-school, although they 
are not under the paternal roof. To many, this unique arrange- 
ment is the most marked characteristic of the school. Strangers 
applying for admission must be introduced to the director, and 
give the names of previous schools. All candidates are expected 
to show their fitness for the courses for which they apply, before 
being admitted to them. They are supposed to be willing to 
study and not to require petty rules of behavior. It is the inten- 
tion to teach them how to study, and to cultivate in them the 
habits of application and the self-control requisite to true womanly 
character. They are taught that study is work, but that it is 
agreeable work. 

" Study depends upon the will, and the will does not endure restraint." 
Quintilian. 

There are two principal departments : the academic, for pupils 
between the ages of twelve and twenty-five, including all branches 
necessary for admission to college ; and the graduate, or seminary 
department, for graduates of schools who wish to continue their 
studies, but not to go to college. Younger girls are taken to be 
trained for the higher work of the school. The students in the 
second department are usually from seventeen to twenty-five years 
of age. The courses include all English branches, German, French, 
the sciences, fine arts, mathematics in all branches, as well as Latin 
and Greek. In many of the classes instruction is given which 
corresponds to the work of the freshman and sophomore classes 
at Harvard. Pupils are expected to limit themselves to an average 
of four class exercises a day for which preparation is needed. 
While this school has sent a larger number of students to Rad- 
cliffe College than has any other private school, it is not preemi- 
nently a " college preparatory school," but has as its highest aim 
to give to every girl what she needs along the broadest lines, mak- 
ing the education individual, rather than confining it to prescribed 
courses. The subjects are "elective." The course is fitted to 
the pupil, not the pupil to the course. Lectures are given each 
year under the auspices of Harvard University, to which the young 
ladies attending The Cambridge school are admitted without charge. 
A series of concerts by the Boston Symphony Orchestra is given 
every winter in Sanders Theatre of Harvard University. The 
young ladies attend such entertainments in Boston and Cambridge 
as their parents desire, under proper chaperonage. All the privi- 
leges of residence, and tuition in all branches offered, are provided 
for $1,000 a year, 



150 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cambridge. 

HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Charles William Eliot, 
LL. D., President, was founded in 1636 by a vote passed at an 
adjourned meeting of the General Court of the Colony of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. The first president was the Rev. Henry Dunster. 
It takes its name from John Harvard, a non-conforming clergyman 
of England, who died in Charlestown in 1638, leaving half of his 
whole property and his entire library to the institution. The 
value of his bequest, though small, was more than double the entire 
sum originally voted by the Court. The first building, rude and 
ill-built as it was, had much that was suggestive of a " Hall " in an 
English university. It was a home as well as a place of study- 
Within ten years of its completion the " governors " of the institu- 
tion began to purchase neighbors' houses to accommodate students. 
The term " college " was applied to each of the separate buildings, 
and this usage to some extent still survives. In 1654 was erected 
a small brick building for the Indian youth, known as the Indian 
college. But one Indian ever received a Harvard degree, and the 
building was a ruin before the end of the century. None of the 
original buildings are now standing. The endowment of Harvard 
at the present time is more than nine millions of dollars in quick 
capital, and more than five millions invested in buildings, libraries, 
laboratories, museums, observatories, gardens, collections, appa- 
ratus, etc. The college grounds comprise seven hundred acres. 
The buildings now owned and used by the University number 
about sixty, twenty-three of which are within the college yard. 
The interest in these buildings is very great, but it is entirely his- 
torical and practical, not artistic. Lowell said of them, "They 
look as if they meant business, and nothing more." The Memorial 
Hall was built in commemoration of the Harvard men who died in 
the Civil War, and Gore Hall contains the college library of about 
360,000 volumes. The Astronomical Observatory, besides other 
high power instruments, has the largest photographic telescope yet 
constructed. The University comprises the following departments : 
Harvard College, Lawrence Scientific School, Graduate School, 
Divinity School, Law School, Medical School, Dental School, 
School of Veterinary Medicine, the Bussey Institution (a school of 
agriculture and horticulture), the Arnold Arboretum, University 
Library, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Peabody Museum of 
American Archaeology and Ethnology, University Museum, Botanic 
Garden, Gray Herbarium, and Astronomical Observatory. More 
than five hundred courses of instruction are offered to the stu- 
dents. The degrees awarded are : Bachelor of Arts, Agriculture, 
Science, Divinity, and of Laws ; Master of Arts, and of Science ; 
Doctor of Philosophy, Science, Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, 
and of Dentistry. Admission to Harvard is only by written exam- 
ination, except under certain provisions, in case of students enter- 



Cambridge. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

ing from other colleges, or that of special students. The range of 
electives is more extensive than in any other American university. 
In 1897-98 were reported twenty-two endowed fellowships in the 
departments of arts and sciences, and two hundred and three 
scholarships. The tuition in most of the courses is $150 a year. 
In the Medical School, $200 for the first three years, $130 for the 
fourth. In the Dental School, $200 for the first year, and $150 
for the second and third. 

NEW -CHURCH THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL, Cambridge, 
James Reed, President. The first motion toward the establish- 
ment of this school by the General Convention was made, and the 
institute was organized in Waltham, July, 1886, with six young 
men enrolled as students. The school was in session eight weeks. 
In 1880 the classes were removed to Boston, where they were con- 
tinued until 1889, when the estate formerly occupied by President 
Jared Sparks in Cambridge was purchased, and this has since 
been the home of the institution. In the regular course are taught : 
The theology and philosophy of the Church ; the interpretation of 
Scripture ; homiletics and pastoral duty ; Greek of the New Testa- 
ment and the Latin of Swedenborg ; Hebrew, and elocution. The 
first diploma was awarded in 1886. Since 1889 the school year 
has coincided with the University year, beginning in September, 
and closing in June. The institution has been supported by an 
endowment fund which has gradually increased, and also by 
legacies received at different times. 

RADCLIFFE COLLEGE, Cambridge, Elizabeth C. Agassiz, 
President. Radcliffe College is the successor of the Society for 
the Collegiate Instruction of Women, and offers systematic col- 
legiate instruction under the professors and other teachers of 
Harvard University. More than ninety instructors of the Univer- 
sity are teachers in Radcliffe. The college has four laboratories, 
of physics, chemistry, botany, and biology. The collections of the 
museums, as well as the University Library, are open to students 
of Radcliffe. Opportunities for study in the Astronomical Obser- 
vatory, the Botanic Garden, and the Herbarium are also offered. 
The requirements for admission are identical with those for admis- 
sion to Harvard. Radcliffe holds no independent entrance exami- 
nation, but is authorized to make arrangements by which women 
can take the Harvard examinations, and have their work submitted 
to Harvard examiners. The courses of instruction correspond to 
both " undergraduate " and " graduate " courses offered by the 
university, and are more than sufficient to enable a woman to 
perform the work required by the University for the degrees 
of A. B. and A. M. Graduate students in Radcliffe have access 
to a large number of graduate courses in Harvard. The examina- 

152 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cambridge. 

tions are the same in both institutions, and the diplomas conferring 
the degrees of A. B. and A. M. are countersigned by the president 
of Harvard, and bear the University seal, as a guarantee that 
these degrees are equivalent to the corresponding degrees given 
by the University. 

DOCTOR SARGENT'S CAflBRIDGE NORHAL SCHOOL 
OF PHYSICAL TRAINING AND SANATORY GYHNASIUM, 

for women and children. Established in 1881. The school is 
under the supervision of Dr. D. A. Sargent, Director of the 
Hemenway Gymnasium, Harvard University, who is assisted by 
Dr. George W. Fitz, Assistant Professor of Physiolegy, Harvard 
University ; Dr. Marshall H. Bailey, Instructor in Anatomy and 
Physiology, Harvard University ; Francis Dobis, Instructor in 
German Gymnastics, Harvard University ; Melvin B. Gilbert, 
Instructor in Dancing Calisthenics, Harvard Summer School ; 
Hartvig Nissen, Instructor in Swedish Gymnastics, Boston Public 
Schools ; Jennie B. Wilson, Superintendent and Instructor in 
General Gymnastics ; and several other instructors and assistants. 
The objects of this school are to drill young women in the theory 
and practice of physical training in its broadest acceptation, and 
prepare them to teach in this much neglected branch of education. 
No rigid system is adhered to. German, Swedish, and other' 
systems are taught. In the opinion of the director, the condition 
of the individual determines the selection, time, and amount of 
exercise, and the student is taught the value of all movements and 
efforts according to the most approved anatomical and physiologi- 
cal tests, and shown how to apply them for the improvement of 
the individual. This method involves a careful study of the nor- 
mal standard, and the variations therefrom, for each class, sex, and 
age, and a familiarity with a great variety of exercises in order to 
meet the wants of different conditions. The course covers two 
years. The junior year's work in theory consists of studies in 
anatomy, physiology, histology, and physics. The practice course 
consists of special exercises on developing appliances, free move- 
ments, calisthenics, light gymnastics, Swedish gymnastics, military 
drill, gymnastic games, voice training, Delsarte movements and 
relaxing exercises, and methods of conducting squad, class, or 
division exercises. Senior year : Theory applied anatomy, animal 
mechanics, experimental physiology, psychology, personal hygiene, 
anthropometry, first aid to the injured, growth of children, physical 
examinations and diagnosis, medical gymnastics ; practice ad- 
vanced courses in measuring and testing, class exercises, figure 
marching, school work, heavy gymnastics, athletic sports, and 
applied mechanics. The term begins the third Thursday in 
October. Tuition, $100 for the year. For application blanks 

153 



Canton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

and further particulars, apply to Dr. D. A. Sargent, Cambridge, 
Mass. 

SHERflAN HALL, school for girls and young women, Canton, 
Miss Sarah Washburn Ames, Principal, offers college prepar- 
atory, academic, and special courses, superior course in literature. 
Individual instruction is a special feature of the school. Instruc- 
tors are graduates from leading colleges and universities. Native 
and American teachers give instruction in the modern languages. 
The home life is healthful and refined. The regulations are only 
those of a well ordered household. All desirable means of culture 
offered in Boston are available to pupils, under proper chaperon- 
age. Five lectures by distinguished specialists form a part of the 
regular school course. Visitors are always welcome. The terms 
are moderate. 

CONCORD SCHOOL, a home school for boys, Concord, James 
S. Garland, Principal. The location of this school is but twenty 
miles from the city of Boston. The grounds are extensive, and 
the buildings first-class in equipment and sanitary conditions. The 
teachers and instruction are of the highest grade, giving prepara- 
tion for college and scientific school. High ideals of conduct and 
scholarship are maintained, and manliness and gentlemanliness 
are considered the corner-stones of discipline. 

MISS PAGE'S KINDERGARTEN NORflAL CLASS, Danvers, 
has been removed from Boston to the principal's home in Danvers. 
The town is less than an hour's ride from Boston, and is fifteen 
minutes by steam cars from Salem. Electric cars run frequently 
from Salem to Danvers for five cent fares. These cars come into 
the square where the house is situated, in which the normal class 
meets. Opportunities are given for observation and practical 
work in kindergarten in Danvers, Peabody, and Salem, and also 
for those who can make it convenient, in Boston. The require- 
ment for admission are a high school education, or its equivalent, 
some ability to sing, sympathy with children, and a certificate of 
good moral character from a teacher, a clergyman, or some person 
known to Miss Page. The terms are $150 for the course. This 
includes material, extra lessons, and all expenses except for books. 
The lessons begin on the first Monday in October, and last 
through the following June. 

WILLARD HALL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Danvers, Mrs. 
Sarah W. Merrill, Principal. The aims of the school are to 
furnish thorough preparation for college, a prescribed course for 
those who wish to graduate, and advanced work in French, German, 
and music for those who come from high schools and do not wish 
to take the regular course. The number of family pupils is 

154 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Duxbttry. 

limited. It is the desire of the school to provide the influence of 
a good home in addition to its liberal education. 

NICHOLS ACADEMY, for both sexes, Dudley, Alfred G. 
Collins, Principal, situated on Dudley Hill, near Webster, Mass., 
is one of the best equipped and most pleasantly located academies 
in New England. Instruction is given in the ancient and modern 
languages, practical astronomy, surveying, analytical chemistry, 
mechanical and free-hand drawing, meteorology, stenography, 
typewriting, telegraphy. It has an extensive library, complete 
astronomical observatory, and a new gymnasium. The boarding 
home is newly furnished with all modern improvements. Certificate 
admits to various colleges. 




MISS PAGE'S HOME, DANVERS. 

POWDER POINT SCHOOL, Duxbury, Frederick Bradford 
Knapp, S. B. (Mass. Inst. Tech.), Principal, was opened in 1886. 
Mr. Knapp modelled the school to a great extent after his father's 
in Plymouth. The two schools remained separate till 1895, when 
their interests were united in Duxbury, the location enjoying 
an excellent reputation for healthfulness. The grounds are large, 
with shade trees, groves, and open fields. The homestead, a good 
specimen of the old colonial architecture, is used as the principal's 
house. The school buildings, designed and built by the principal, 
consist of Powder Point Hall, containing the parlors, schoolrooms, 
dining-rooms, gymnasium, and sleeping-rooms ; the Cottage and 
Grove House, occupied by teachers and boys ; and the laboratory, 
arranged for work in physics and chemistry. Most of the bed- 



Easthampton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

rooms are single ones, but few are large and arranged for two 
boys. The boys come much under the influence of Mrs. Knapp 
in their leisure hours and at meal-times, as she and the other 
ladies of the family take part in the social life of the school. The 
general work is divided into the lower and upper school, the latter 
preparing for scientific school or college. There is also a general 
course of three or four years, giving preparation for business. 
There are five available scholarships. The charge for tuition, 
board, and care is $600 for the school year, with a reduction, 
according to age, for boys under the age of fourteen. 

WILLISTON SEMINARY, an academy for boys, Easthamp- 
ton, Joseph H. Sawyer, A. M., Principal, was founded more than 
a half century ago by Hon. Samuel Williston, a man who, through 
failure of his eyes, had been denied a liberal education, and 
through the death of all his children had been left to make 
posterity his heir. The other founder of the school was Prof. 
William S. Tyler, of Amherst College, who shaped its educational 
standards and policy. It has a desirable location in the valley 
of the Connecticut River, and the sanitary condition of the town 
is excellent. It began as a co-educational school, hence its 
corporate name of seminary, but for more than a third of a 
century it has been a boys' academy. It has enjoyed an enviable 
reputation for its work on the classical side, and many men now 
prominent on the faculties of our colleges or universities have 
been teachers or pupils at Williston. The distinguishing feature, 
however, has been the prominence given to instruction in science. 
It was one of the first schools of its grade to begin the laboratory 
method, and it has in successful operation several laboratory 
courses, all of which have been developed through long experience. 
The school offers preparation for colleges or higher schools of 
science, but its instruction exceeds the requirements for admission 
into many of these institutions, and affords young men a more 
ample preparation for life if they are not to continue in school. 
The expenses are moderate, being neither as cheap as the cheapest 
nor as great as the most expensive. Further information may be 
obtained from the principal. 

NORTHFIELD SEfllNARY, East Northfield, Evelyn S. Hall, 
B. A., Principal, was founded by Mr. Dwight L. Moody in 1879. 
It is intended primarily for girls of good ability and earnest pur- 
pose, whose homes are remote from school centres, and who have 
riot the means to avail themselves of the opportunities of the 
ordinary boarding school. The instruction, discipline, and influ- 
ence are such as will secure the best results in the development 
of Christian character. Candidates for admission must be at 

156 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Framingham. 

least fifteen years of age. There are three courses of study, each 
covering four years. The general course is intended for the great 
body of students who need a practical education. The college 
preparatory course fits for the leading women's colleges. The 
English course is planned for students who desire a training in 
English without the study of Latin and the other languages. For 
the latter courses the study of the sciences is substituted. The 
charge for board and tuition is $100 per year. The scholarships 
and the Students' Aid Society afford assistance to a limited number 
of deserving students. 

HOflE SCHOOL, 51 Summer Street, Everett, Mrs. -A. P. 
Potter, Principal. This boarding and day school for girls and 
young ladies offers exceptional advantages in college preparatory 
and special studies, in music and in art. The number of pupils is 
limited, hence peculiar interest is taken in the work and general 
welfare of each individual girl. The surroundings are fine, the 
home life is delightful, and the influences brought to bear are such 
as to prepare the girl for the higher responsibilities of life. There 
are four courses: College preparatory, certificate admitting to 
certain colleges, the three years' literary course, and the four 
years' regular course. Upon graduation a diploma of the school 
is given. Special attention is paid to backward students. Its 
nearness to Boston gives the girls the peculiar advantages of the 
city, together with the healthfulness of the country. 

FITCHBURG BUSINESS COLLEGE, Fitchburg, D. Fullmer, 
Principal, offers an up-to-date business course. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Framingham, Henry Whitte- 
more, Principal, was established at Lexington in July, 1839, and 
is the oldest normal school in America. It was removed to West 
Newton in 1844, and to Framingham in 1853. The design of 
the school is strictly professional ; that is, to prepare in the best 
possible manner the pupils for the work of organizing, governing, 
and teaching the public schools of the Commonwealth. To this end 
there must be the most thorough knowledge, first, of the branches 
of learning required to be taught in the schools ; second, of the 
best methods of teaching those branches ; and third, of right 
mental training. The time of one course extends through a period 
of two years, of the other through a period of four years, and is 
divided into terms of twenty weeks each, with daily sessions of not 
less than five days each week. A practice school, including 
classes of all grades, from the kindergarten to the grammar, is 
maintained. There are two boarding halls, in which the price of 
board is $75 per term. Tuition is free to all who intend to teach 
in the schools of the Commonwealth. 



Franklin. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

DEAN ACADEflY, Franklin, Arthur W. Peirce, A. B., Princi- 
pal, is an endowed boarding school for young women and young 
men. It prepares for the best colleges, schools of technology, 
professional schools, and for business, offering especial facilities 
for the study of music, art, and elocution. The aim is to furnish, 
in a homelike atmosphere and under careful supervision, the best 
opportunities for education and culture. Tuition and board is 
$225 per year. 

SEDGWICK INSTITUTE, Great Barrington, Berkshire County, 
Edward J. Van Lennep, Principal, is a family school for boys and 
young men, the pupils being carefully selected and the number 
limited. The building was erected with special reference to the 
requirements of a home school, where pupils and teachers are 
members of one household. The school was started about fifty 
years ago in the city of Hartford, and in 1869 a change was made 
to its present location. There are unusual facilities for athletic 
sports and for both out-of-door and gymnasium exercise. The 
Institute prepares for either college or business. Tuition, board, 
and washing, $500 a year. 

SMITH ACADEMY, Hatfield, Howard W. Dickinson, M. A., 
Principal. It offers both sexes college preparatory and scientific 
courses of study. It has a well equipped library, laboratory, and 
manual training room. 

LOWELL COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, Lowell, Albert C. Blais 
dell, Principal, was founded in 1859 by J. M. McCoy. Owing to 
its steady growth the shorthand and typewriting departments were 
separated from it in 1895, taking the name of the "Lowell Busi- 
ness College." The Commercial College offers complete courses 
in bookkeeping and all allied subjects, employing the system 
known as " Actual Business from the Start." Mr. L. E. Kimball 
is Principal of the Business College, and has personal supervision 
of the shorthand and typewriting departments. 

LYNN BUSINESS COLLEGE, Lynn, H. W. Pelton and C. 
C. Dexter, Principals. Complete business and shorthand courses 
are offered in this institution. In bookkeeping the " Actual Busi- 
ness from the Start " method is used ; in shorthand Dement's Pit- 
manic system is taught ; and in typewriting the touch system is 
used exclusively. Special attention is paid to penmanship, spelling, 
business correspondence, business arithmetic, and rapid calculation. 
The tuition for a term of ten weeks is $25. 

TABOR ACADEMY, Marion, Dana Marsh Dustan, M. A., Prin- 
cipal, was founded by Mrs. Elizabeth Tabor in 1876 ; was opened 
for the admission of students in September, 1877 ; and was incor- 

158 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mernmac. 

porated in 1890. ' It is situated on Buzzard's Bay, whose shores 
are famed for their beauty and healthfulness. The aim of the 
school is to prepare pupils for college or for their future business 
in life, at a small expense, the endowment of the academy being 
sufficient to warrant a low rate of tuition. The principal's certifi- 
cate admits to Boston University, Dartmouth, Smith, Wellesley, 
and Williams. The tuition is $8 a term and the total necessary 
expenses need not exceed $225 per annum. 

TUFTS COLLEGE (co- educational), Medford, the Rev. Elmer 
H. Capen, D. D., President, Harry Gray Chase, Registrar, was 
chartered in 1852. Its organization comprises the College of 
Letters, the Divinity School, and the Medical School, the last 
named being in Boston. The college offers undergraduate courses 
leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Philosophy, 
->nd Bachelor of Science. The courses in arts and philosophy give 
the student a wide range of choice of studies under a plan that 
unites with the liberality of the elective system a measure of that 
control so desirable for the undergraduate student. The degree of 
Bachelor of Science is offered for the satisfactory completion of four- 
year courses in general science, chemistry, biology, medical pre- 
paratory studies, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering. 
Fourteen departments offer major courses of study in the College 
of Letters, exclusive of the technical courses. They are : English, 
English literature, German, French, Latin, Greek, philosophy, his- 
tory, political science, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, 
civil and mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. In 
addition to these major departments are oratory, Italian, geology, 
astronomy, drawing, music (history and theory), and physical train- 
ing, in each of which one or more subjects is offered. The depart- 
ments are in charge of competent specialists, some of them men of 
national and international reputation. The tuition fee charged by 
the college is $100 annually, except in the engineering courses, in 
which it is $120 annually. There is a charge of $10 for physical 
culture, $i for the reading-room, and some minor charges formate 
rial used by students working in the laboratories. Half room rent, 
including heat, ranges from $16 to $85. Students furnish their own 
rooms. 

WHITTIER HOHE SCHOOL, Merrimac, Mrs. Annie Brackett 
Russell, Principal, is now in its fifth year. It takes its name from 
the Quaker poet, whose birthplace is only two miles in one direc- 
tion, while the home of his old age is about the same distance in 
another. The village is attractive both on account of its health- 
fulness and natural beauty. The school is strictly a home school 
where rules are made only for the individual need, and aims to give 
a thorough course of preparation to young women intending to 

159 



Monson. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

enter college. It also offers elective courses to those who wish 
to terminate their school life at such a school as this. Board and 
instruction in all departments, excepting music and art, is $300 per 
annum. The number of boarding pupils is limited to twenty. 

MONSON ACADEHY, Monson, Arthur Newell Burke, A. B., 
Principal, was incorporated in 1804 and opened in 1806, and 
hence is one of the few old New England academies which have 
survived the rise of the modern high school. It is located in the 
beautiful village of Monson, Mass., which combines many comforts 
of a city with the natural beauty and healthfulness of a country vil- 
lage. The instructors, nine in number, are nearly all college grad- 
uates. The academy offers three courses of study, each extending 
over four years, and named respectively the classical, the Latin- 
scientific, and the academic. The principal's certificate, granted 
to graduates, admits without examination to those colleges that 
accept certificates. The Flynt and Packard library is well endowed 
and is one of the best school libraries in the State. The academy, 
though undenominational, is distinctly a Christian institution. The 
total annual expenses, exclusive of clothing and travelling, are 
estimated to be less than $200. The trustees have authority to 
remit in whole or in part, and on such condition as they deem 
advisable, the tuition of such indigent pupils as they consider 
worthy. A limited number of pupils obtain employment about the 
academy buildings. 

MOUNT HERMON 5CHOOL, Mount Hermon, Franklin 
County, Henry F. Cutler, B. A., Principal, was established at the 
suggestion of Mr. Dwight L. Moody, by several gentlemen interested 
in the practical Christian education of boys and young men. It 
was opened in May, 1881, and incorporated in 1882. Mr. 
Hiram Camp, the late president of the board of trustees, gave 
$25,000, and several thousands were received from Great Britain. 
The school is situated on the west side of the Connecticut River, 
opposite the town of Northfield. The amount of land owned by 
the school is more than seven hundred acres. The important 
buildings are twelve in number. The school is designed to meet 
the need of young men to whom the early opportunities of study 
have been denied. Applicants for admission must be at least six- 
teen years of age, must have good health, mental ability, and moral 
character. Such are received on probation without regard to their 
scholarship attainments. Each student is required to work two 
hours daily upon the school farm, or to discharge some assigned 
duty about the buildings. Opportunity is given for self-help in 
the payment of expenses. The certificate of the principal admits 
to many leading colleges. The necessary expenses are about $118 
per year. 

1 60 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Neivburyport. 

THE NEW BEDFORD BUSINESS UNIVERSITY, New 

Bedford, occupies a spacious building in the business centre of 
New Bedford. The management of the school rests with the Prin- 
cipal, Miss Mary A. Chace, and an Advisory Board of fifteen of the 
leading business men of the city. While its distinctive aim is prac- 
tical education, and its departments of bookkeeping, banking, and 
shorthand are especially strong, its four years' college preparatory 
course, covering the classics, sciences, and modern languages, is sur- 
passed by few schools, while its instruction in music, oratory, and 
physical culture is also excellent. Tuition in the college prepara- 
tory and business courses is $150 ; in the others somewhat less. 

THE SWAIN FREE SCHOOL, New Bedford, Andrew Ingra- 
ham (Dartmouth), Master, was founded by the will of William W. 
Swain, who died September 21, 1858. The school was incor- 
porated in 1881, and was opened in 1882. It was founded for 
the benefit of " those whose parents cannot afford to send them to 
our most expensive schools." There are at present the academic, the 
art, and the science departments. There are twelve courses, namely : 
Greek, Latin, mathematics, history, logic, English, art, German, 
French, Italian, harmony, chemistry. In Greek there are two sub- 
courses, in mathematics two, in English two, in art five, in German 
four, in French five, in Italian two, in harmony two, in chemistry 
three. The courses of study have been prepared to meet various 
wants ; the graduates of our higher schools, the men and women 
of the several professions, those in any condition of life who can 
command leisure for study, will find here ample opportunities for 
study. Suggestions of desirable courses will be carefully consid- 
ered. Fuller information may be had by consulting, either in person 
or by letter, the master of the school. 

PUTNAM FREE SCHOOL (co-educational), Newburyport, 
Charles D. Seelye, Principal, was founded by the munificence of 
Oliver Putnam, Esq., a native of Newbury. By the provision of his 
will a bequest for establishing a school was to remain on interest 
till it should reach the sum of $50,000. This institution was to be 
" a Free English School " for the instruction of youth, wherever 
they may belong. The school was opened in 1848. The course 
includes all the English branches, particular attention being paid 
to bookkeeping, trigonometry, navigation, and surveying. The nat- 
ural sciences are illustrated by lectures and experiments,* and the 
use of the compass and theodolite is taught in field practice. The 
regular course of study embraces four years, and a diploma is given 
to each graduate. The institution is open to pupils from any por- 
tion of the globe. No charge is made for tuition. The pupils 
furnish their own books and stationery. 

161 



Newton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

flR. CUTLER'S PREPARATORY SCHOOL at Newton, for 
young men and young women, was opened in the fall of 1887 by 
Edward H. Cutler, A. M., formerly principal of the Providence 
High School and head master of the Newton High School. The 
number of its pupils is limited, it being the intention that the num- 
ber in attendance at one time shall not exceed forty. All of the 
pupils are under the direct supervision of Mr. Cutler. At the be- 
ginning of each year classes are formed to meet the needs of the 
individuals. Candidates for Harvard may select their advanced 
subjects from French, German, and mathematics, if for any reason 
these are preferred to Latin and Greek. Mr. Cutler's certificate of 
preparation is accepted at colleges admitting candidates on certi- 
ficate. Special pupils desiring to join a class in one study only are 
admitted at one-half the full rate. Suitable board is recommended 
when requested. Tuition is $150 a year. Further particulars may 
be had of Mr. Edward H. Cutler, Linden Terrace, Newton, Mass., 
or at the school rooms, 429 Centre Street, Newton, opposite the 
public library. 

THE NEWTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION, Newton 
Centre, Alvah Hovey, President, was founded by representatives 
of the Baptist churches of New England, in order to provide stu- 
dents for the ministry with the advantages of a first-class school at 
nominal cost. It maintains three departments, the regular, de- 
signed for graduates from the classical course in college, and the 
instruction is adapted to their needs ; the English, intended for 
students who are unable to pursue the study of Hebrew and 
Greek ; and the French, with instruction adapted to the needs 
of missionaries to the French people. The regular course occupies 
three years. The studies are in part prescribed and in part elect- 
ive. The only charge made is for board. By vote of the trustees, 
young women looking forward to foreign missionary service, and 
recommended by the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, 
are admitted to class-room work in the Institution. 

THE HALE STUDIO, Masonic Temple, Newtonville, is con- 
ducted after the conviction that a sound and broad education in 
music is a general need, of more, rather than less, consequence 
than accomplishment in singing and playing. Special class and 
private instruction is supplemented, therefore, by lectures on the 
theory and interpretation of music, readings from the masterpieces, 
biographical and historical studies. The methods employed are 
constantly corrected to the ripest thought of the New Education. 
Among the courses are included the Fletcher Music Kindergarten 
and normal training for teachers. The faculty is composed of spe- 
cialists of long experience in private and in conservatory teaching. 

162 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Norton. 

BLISS BUSINESS COLLEGE, North Adams, E. J. Shaw y 
Principal, was established by the present principal in January, 
1895. The curriculum embraces those subjects necessary for a 
practical business training. 

SMITH COLLEGE, Northampton, the Rev. L. Clarke Seelye ? 
D. D., L'L. D., President, was founded by Miss Sophia Smith, of 
Hatfield, Mass. The object of the institution, as stated by the 
founder, is " the establishment and maintenance of an institution 
for the higher education of young women, with the design to fur- 
nish them means and facilities for education equal to those which 
are afforded in our colleges for young men." There are three 
courses of study, each extending through four years. The clas- 
sical leads to the degree of B. A., the scientific to that of B. S., and 
the literary to that of B. L. Students who wish to devote more 
time to art or music, or to take more elective work in the academic 
department, may extend any of these courses through five years, 
Electives in art and music may be taken in any year, and time 
devoted to these electives is counted in the same way as work in 
the laboratories. The prescribed studies of each course are such 
as are necessary to give it a distinctive character. The design is 
to require of the student a sufficient amount of prescribed work to 
ensure a high grade of scholarship, and also to leave room for the 
exercise of individual tastes by the introduction of elective studies, 
increasing in number as the course advances. The price of tui- 
tion for all students is $150 a year. The charge for board, plain 
washing, and furnished room in the college houses is $300 a year, 

WHEATON SEMINARY, Norton, the Rev. Samuel V. Cole, 
D. D., President, was founded in 1834, as a memorial for the only 
daughter of Judge Laban Wheaton, of Norton. The Seminary is 
situated in the center of the village. Its grounds cover about 
forty-seven acres. Seminary Hall contains the library, recitation 
and lecture rooms, cabinets, laboratories, studio, and gymnasium, 
all arranged for securing the best light and ventilation. The 
Home, occupied by students and teachers, is a capacious building, 
separate from the Hall. Both buildings are heated by steam, and 
lighted by electricity. No expense has been spared to secure 
perfect drainage, and the water is pure and abundant. The in- 
struction is intended to meet the needs of three classes of persons : 
(i) Those who wish to prepare for college; (2) Those who wish 
for an advanced academic course ; and (3) Those who wish to- 
take special studies only. The charge for tuition in any or all of 
the studies of the regular course, including drawing, elocution, and 
local music in class, is $100 for the year. The charge for board, 
including room, heat, light, laundry (twelve plain pieces each 
week), and a sitting in church, is $250 for the year. 

163 ' 




1 6 4 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Quincy. 

BERKSHIRE SCHOOL, Pittsfield, Arthur J. Clough, A. M., 
Principal. The college preparatory course of this school is de- 
signed to fit fojr entrance to the best colleges. The scientific course 
is much like the college preparatory, but substitutes a modern 
language for Greek, and gives special attention to scientific and 
English studies. The English course aims to give a broad educa- 
tion in common and higher English studies, such as rhetoric, com- 
position, and English literature. The primary and grammar 
department receives pupils at six years of age, and prepares them 
for any of the regular courses. A two years' course in bookkeep- 
ing and connected subjects is also offered. The charge for board, 
washing, and tuition, in all branches, except music and drawing, is 
$400 per school year of thirty-seven weeks. 

THE SALISBURY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Pittsfield, Mira H. 
Hall, Principal. The course of study is divided into preparatory, 
classical, and academic departments. The preparatory depart- 
ment is for girls from six years of age to thirteen. The college 
preparatory course is planned to meet college requirements. The 
academic course offers to those not intending to go to college a 
thorough training in an elective list of subjects. The fees for 
home and tuition are $500 per year. The charge for tuition alone 
varies from $40 to $90, according to the age of the pupil. Courses 
are also offered in music, drawing, and painting. 

ADAHS ACADEflY, Quincy, William Everett, LL. D., Mas- 
ter, was founded in 1823 by gift of President John Adams, and 
first opened for pupils in 1872. Its primary object is to fit 
boys for the best American colleges. Most of its pupils have gone 
to Harvard, but many have entered with credit at Yale, Williams, 
Amherst, Bowdoin, and colleges outside of New England, as well 
as at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Boys who are 
not intended for any college are received as pupils, but they 
are expected to pursue the regular course of the school. It is 
equipped with apparatus for instruction in physics by the experi- 
mental method. The authorities of the school do not at present 
(1898) provide accommodations for boarding or lodging pupils, but 
the master will be glad to assist parents in securing such accommo- 
dation in respectable families in Quincy, where pupils will receive 
adequate care and supervision under proper regulations. The 
tuition fee is $100 a year. The school offers numerous valuable 
prizes for excellence in work, the most notable being the Adams 
gold medal for excellence in declamation, and the Dimmock 
Memorial Scholarship, in memory of the first master of the school. 

QUINCY flANSION SCHOOL, Wollaston Park, Quincy, Nor- 
folk County, Horace Mann Willard, A. M., Principal, has an 
excellent corps of experienced resident teachers, and courses of 

165 



Quincy. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

study, adapted to modern and tried methods of education. These 
courses include English, mental and moral science, logic, history, 
mathematics, science, ancient and modern languages, music, art, 
domestic science, and gymnastics. The teachers are all graduates 
of colleges, scientific schools, or schools of special instruction. 
The principal, by experience as superintendent of the public 
schools of Gloucester and of Newton, Mass., and while at the 
head of incorporated endowed schools, has been made familiar 
with the various departments of educational work. In the 
courses of study required for graduation, certain important 
studies, such as English, history, and mathematics, are required, 
but great variety is allowed in electives to meet the wishes 
of parents and pupils. The regular courses of study are de- 
signed to meet the wants of girls not intending to enter college, 
and special stress is laid upon English, history, and lauguage. 
The college preparatory course is for those who are going to 
college, and to those who are prepared a certificate will be 
given, entitling them to enter Wellesley or Smith College, or 
any of the co-educational colleges of New England. Students 
who have been graduated from secondary schools, and others 
whose age and attainments qualify them for advanced work, can 
select such special studies as will meet their requirements. A 
course is arranged for younger pupils, covering the ordinary ele- 
mentary studies, with which can be taken the elements of natural 
science, language, or history. The study of English is especially 
emphasized in every course. The music and art departments are 
strong. Tuition and board are $500 for the school year. 

WOODWARD INSTITUTE, Quincy, Miss Carrie E. Small, 
Principal, educates girls for a useful life in home and society, 
and also prepares them for college. Although it has been estab- 
lished less than three years, it has students in its courses preparing 
for Radcliffe, Bryn Mawr, Smith, and Wellesley. Household sci- 
ence is a feature of the curriculum. The girls are placed upon 
their honor, and are taught to be self-governing. 

SALEM COMMERCIAL SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND 
SHORTHAND (incorporated), 126 Washington Street, Salem, 
George P. Lord, Principal and Business Manager; F. Arthur 
Spence, Secretary. The growth and success of this school may be 
chronologically told as follows: March, 1890, classes were formed 
at the home of the principal; September, 1890, two rooms were 
taken in the Kinsman Block ; October, 1891, one room was added ; 
March, 1892, the school was moved to two rooms in the Peabody 
Building; September, 1892, the shorthand department was intro- 
duced three rooms; September, 1893, one more room was 
added ; December, 1893, Gregg's shorthand system was adopted 

1 66 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Southioroiigh. 

six rooms; September, 1894, the corporation was formed ten 
rooms; May, 1895, actual business from the start was introduced; 
September, 1895, the school was remodelled forty-five hundred 
square feet; January, 1897, five thousand square feet; Sep- 
tember, 1897, touch typewriting was introduced; July, 1898, the 
Spence and Peaslee College was purchased; August, 1898, all 
available room in the Peabody Building was taken eight thou- 
sand square feet; and September, 1898, a model office for short- 
hand was opened. (See advertisement.) 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Salem, W. P. Beckwith, Ph. D., 
Principal, was established in 1854, with the purpose of preparing 
women for the work of teaching in the public schools. In Sep- 
tember, 1898, it was opened to men also. Like the other normal 
schools of the State, admission is on examination, chiefly written. 
The regular course of study occupies two years. In the Model 
Department is included a kindergarten, and schools of the first, 
second, and third grades. The handsome new building, com- 
pleted in 1896, includes a spacious gymnasium, under the supervi- 
sion of an experienced director. Students who enter the school 
declaring their intention to teach in the public schools of Massa- 
chusetts, wherever they may have resided previously, are under no 
charge for tuition. Those who intend to teach in other States, or 
in private schools, are admitted on payment of $15 for each half 
year. Text-books and supplies are free, as in the public schools. 

FAY SCHOOL, Southborough, Waldo B. Fay, Head Master. 
The object of the school is to fit boys for admission to St. Mark's, 
Groton, St. Paul's, and other college preparatory schools. Boys 
are received from seven to twelve years of age, and a careful over- 
sight of them is kept at all times. Its religious instruction is 
according to the teachings of the Episcopal Church. The course 
of study covers four years. The charges for tuition and residence 
are $630. 

ST. MARK'S SCHOOL, Southborough, the Rev. Wm. G. 
Thayer, A. M., Head Master. This college preparatory school is 
managed in conformity with the principles and spirit of the Epis- 
copal Church, and is one of the largest boarding schools for boys 
in Eastern Massachusetts. Applicants for admission should be at 
least twelve years of age. The course of study embraces six 
years. No boy will be received into the school who is unwilling to 
follow the prescribed course of study. Diplomas are awarded on 
completion of this prescribed course. Several prizes are awarded 
to pupils reaching a certain rank in studies and conduct, and for 
excellence in special departments. The charge for tuition, board, 
and washing is $636 a year. 

167 



South Byfield. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

DUMMER ACADEMY, South Byfield, P. L. Home, A. M., 
Master, was founded in 1762 by Hon. William Dummer, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Massachusetts Bay from 1716 to 1730. The 
academy was formally opened in 1763, and is the oldest institution 
of its kind in the United States. Many eminent men are num- 
bered among its graduates. The special work of the academy is 
to prepare boys for college and for technical schools, particularly 
Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
and the Harvard and Yale Scientific Schools. The course of 
study covers four years. The full fees, including tuition, board, 
and laundry, are $500. The fee for day scholars is $75. 

flOUNT HOLYOKE COLLEGE, South Hadley, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Storrs Mead, A. M., President, grew out of Mount Holyoke Semi- 
nary, founded by Mary Lyon. A charter was granted this institu- 
tion in 1836 and it was opened in 1837. The name was changed 
and a charter granted to Mount Holyoke Seminary and college in 
1888, and to Mount Holyoke College in 1893. It has a full col- 
lege curriculum, with power to grant the usual degrees. The price 
of tuition for all students, regular and special, is $100 for the year, 
including all branches except music. Board and tuition are $250 
per year. 

BAY PATH INSTITUTE, Springfield, M. F. Palmer, Principal. 
This school of business training offers courses suited for the equip- 
ment of its students for business life. A preparatory course seeks 
to remedy deficiencies of backward students. Individual instruc- 
tion is the method employed in all departments. In addition to 
the regular courses in bookkeeping, shorthand, typewriting, and 
kindred subjects, opportunities are offered for advanced special 
work and preparation for Civil Service examinations. Elocution 
and the languages are also taught. For the regular course of 
instruction the cost is $12.50 per month. 

BIBLE NORflAL COLLEGE, Springfield, Joseph L. Dixon, 
President, was incorporated January 28, 1885, under the name 
"The School for Christian Workers." It was enlarged in 1892, 
and again in 1897, when it was given its present name. The col- 
lege is interdenominational, co-educational, and seeks to fill the 
same place in the training of religious teachers that the high class 
professional school holds in the training of secular teachers. The 
large and increasing demand from city churches for salaried Bible 
school and primary superintendents ; from the International Sun- 
day School Association for field, normal, and primary superinten- 
dents; and from missionary organizations, at home and abroad, 
for thoroughly trained teachers, is conclusive evidence that a 
new profession is rapidly developing within the Church, which will 

1 68 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE: Springfield. 

remodel religious work along the lines of education, and will center 
the efforts of the Church more largely in the child. The scope of 
work is suggested in the following resolutions adopted by the 
Board of Trustees, March 25, 1898 : i, " That the department of 
Bible-study be kept strong and progressive. 2, That special 
emphasis be laid upon studies relating to the child. 3, That stu- 
dents be trained in the best methods of Sunday school organiza- 
tion and equipment. 4, That pedagogy and sociology have an 
important place in the instruction of the school. 5, That all these 
subjects be made to apply strongly to the ignorant and neglected 
classes in mission-fields, both at home and abroad. 6, That the 
institution be carefully differentiated from other schools of Bible- 
study on the one hand, and from the theological seminary, on the 
other." The work therefore involves three central ideas: (i) The 
Bible ; (2) The child ; and (3) The teacher. It contemplates an accu- 
rate, teaching knowledge of the Bible and cognate subjects ; an 
understanding of the nature of the child, meaning the child proper 
and also adult man as a creature to be reached essentially through 
formative agencies, and the laws and conditions of its development 
and retrogression ; and the training of the teacher in the essentials 
of scientific pedagogy. The diploma course is for college gradu- 
ates or persons having an equivalent training, covers two years, 
and is intended to prepare for professional service. Except on the 
side of specific methods, the same course is pursued by all the 
students. In addition to the regular course, the college offers 
extension courses to meet the needs of those who desire to be 
better furnished for volunteer work in their own churches, but are 
unable to take the regular course. These courses are open to any 
one having the indorsement of pastor or Bible-school superinten- 
dent. Applicants must have such personal qualities as will ensure 
efficient leadership in the work for which the college stands. 
That is to say, in addition to moral and religious earnestness and 
devotion, they must have initiative, tact, energy, and administrative 
ability. A teacher's diploma will be granted to students who meet 
the following conditions: (i) A residence at the college for at 
least two years ; (2) the satisfactory completion of the prescribed 
course ; and (3 ) approved personal fitness. The buildings of the 
college cost, with land and furniture, about $90,000. The main 
building contains rooms for seventy-five students, recitation-rooms, 
offices for the instructors, library, a large gymnasium, etc. The 
Ladies' Hall has rooms for thirty-five students, and also provides 
accommodations for the boarding club. There is a well selected 
reference library of twenty-seven hundred volumes, besides many 
pamphlets and reports, which are of especial value in studying 
methods of Christian work. It is rich in Biblical, Church, Bible 
school, and missionary literature, and has a good working list of 

169 



Springfield. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

psychological, pedagogical, and sociological books. The expenses 
for the year are about $195. 

"THE ELMS," family and day school for girls, 141 High 
Street, Springfield, Miss Porter, Principal. The course of study 
comprises four years of primary, four years of intermediate, and 
either four years of college preparatory or five years of English 
work. With the exception of English composition, the studies of 
the fourth and the fifth year of the English course are elective, the 
choice being always subject to the approval of the principal. The 
study of music is made as truly a part of the regular work as any 
other elective. 

HINMAN'S COLLEGE OF ACTUAL BUSINESS, Springfield 
and Worcester, A. H. Hinmari, President, gives instruction less by 
the text-book method than by business practice. The school is 
equipped with banking and wholesale offices, and with all the 
apparatus of actual business. Extensive transactions are conducted 
with "merchandise cards" and "college money." There are 
numerous courses with individual instruction. 

DR. AND MRS. JOHN MacDUFFIE'S SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, Springfield, John MacDuffie, Ph. D., Principal. The Mac- 
Duffie School is an unsectarian family school for the liberal educa- 
tion of girls. It is especially intended to prepare girls for college, 
and is recommended for that purpose by Radcliffe, Smith, Vassar, 
and Wellesley. There are, however, complete courses for girls 
not going to college but wishing to complete their studies in the 
school. The house used for the school was the mansion of the 
late Samuel Bowles, editor of the Springfield Republican, and is 
large and old-fashioned, with airy rooms and modern improvements. 
The school building is a model one, built this year. It is equipped 
with adjustable desks, and other modern school conveniences. The 
school grounds are large and beautiful. The course is divided into 
the preparatory school, receiving girls from seven to twelve years old, 
and the upper school, with girls from twelve to twenty. Excellent 
courses in music and art are offered. The fees per annum for 
home and regular tuition are $650. 

HILLSIDE HOME, Stockbridge, Miss Adele Brewer, Principal. 
This is a small family school for girls, and was established in 1875. 

TAUNTON BUSINESS COLLEGE, Bristol County Bank 
Building, Taunton, George W. Livsey, Proprietor, has been in 
successful operation for four years. It gives practice in actual 
business from start to finish. There are both night and day ses- 
sions. Rates in commercial and shorthand departments, three 
months, $35, six months, $60. These charges include all books 
and stationery. 

170 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Wellesley. 

THE WABAN SCHOOL, Waban, C. E. Fish, A. M., Principal, 
is located in a charming suburb of Boston, to which city there are 
fifty trains daily. The school offers instruction in all studies re- 
quired for admission to leading colleges and scientific schools. In 
addition to advanced courses, instruction is given to very young 
boys. Ten boys are received into the principal's family. Oppor- 
tunities for athletics and out-of-door exercise are unusually good. 
The annual charge, including all expenses, is $500 to $750. The 
tuition for day pupils is $150. 

WALTHAfl NEW=CHURCH SCHOOL, Waltham, Benjamin 
Worcester, Principal, begins with the kindergarten and reaches to 
thorough college preparation. It has sent students to Harvard, 
Yale, Brown, Smith, and other colleges. It also prepares for sci- 
entific schools and for business. Pupils are received at any age 
and at any stage of advancement. Separate homes for boys and 
girls are conducted as much like private families as possible. In- 
struction is given in physical culture, in sloyd, in art, and in 
music. There are three terms in a school year. The annual 
charge for board, washing, tuition, etc., is $400. 

DANA HALL SCHOOL, Wellesley, Miss Julia A. Eastman, 
Miss Sarah P. Eastman, Associate Principals, was opened in 1881, 
upon the discontinuance of the preparatory department of Welles- 
ley College. Only such classes will be formed as are required to 
fit the pupil for the freshman class at Wellesley or other colleges. 
Ordinarily, only those candidates who anticipate a college course 
will be received. Pupils receiving the school certificate are ad- 
mitted without further examination at Wellesley, Smith, Vassar, 
Cornell, and Mount Holyoke Colleges. Diplomas are awarded to 
graduates. The classes in Latin, Greek, and mathematics are 
under the charge of teachers educated at Wellesley College. The 
French and German languages are taught by foreign instructors. 
Board and tuition, including heat and lights, is $500. Tuition 
without board is $125. 

WELLESLEY COLLEGE is situated in the town of Wellesley, 
fifteen miles west of Boston, on the Boston and Albany Railroad. 
The college grounds border upon a lake, and include three hun- 
dred acres. The situation is such as to combine the healthfulness 
and charm of country life with the advantages which pertain to the 
neighborhood of a large city. The main building, College Hall, 
is in the form of a double Latin cross, and is four hundred and 
seventy-five feet long and one hundred and fifty feet wide in its 
greatest dimensions. It contains the offices of administration, 
recitation and lecture rooms, chapel, library, gymnasium, and 
lodging for about three hundred people. A large hall and seven 
cottages complete the dormitory equipment. There are also sepa- 

171 




172 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. West Newton. 

rate buildings for music, art, and chemistry. A new chapel, to be 
known as the Houghton Memorial Chapel, is in building. The 
library contains about forty-eight thousand volumes. The college 
provides courses leading to the degrees of B. A. and M. A. The 
requirements for admission to the freshman class include mathe- 
matics, Latin, and two other languages, or one other language and 
a science. Of the courses leading to the B. A. degree only about 
one-fifth are required ; the remainder are elective. The teaching 
force numbers seventy-two. The expense for the academic year 
is $400, of which $175 is for tuition. Julia J. Irvine, M. A. 
Litt. D., is President, Margaret E. Stratton, M. A., Dean, Ellen 
F. Pendleton, M. A., Secretary. 

WELLESLEY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Wellesley, Edward 
Augustine Benner, Principal, is located in pleasant country sur- 
roundings, fifteen miles from Boston. A careful study is made of 
the individual pupil. Especial attention is paid to physical health, 
and wisely directed sports are encouraged. The courses of study 
are arranged to prepare students for colleges or scientific schools. 
The junior division is adapted to the needs of boys from ten to 
fourteen years of age ; the senior division, which offers a four 
years' course, to boys of fourteen years and upward. The charge 
for boarding pupils is $500 a year. 

HOWARD SEMINARY, for girls and young ladies, West 
Bridgewater, Miss Sarah E. Laughton, Principal, offers the fol- 
lowing courses : Academic, college preparatory, and special, 
the last giving a wide range of elective studies. 

WESTFORD ACADEflY, Westford, W. E. Frost, A. M., 
Preceptor, was founded in 1792, and w r as incorporated in 1793. 
For more than one hundred years this institution has been open 
for the instruction of the youth of both sexes, in the higher 
branches of study. Among its former pupils it numbers many 
men of note and many college graduates. The new academy build- 
ing, erected in 1897, is of ample size, and has all modern con- 
veniences for the comfort and health of students. In accordance 
with an agreement entered into by the town and the trustees, the 
town pays the tuition of students residing in Westford. Classical, 
Latin-scientific, and English courses are offered. The tuition of 
non-resident students is $10 per term. Board, including room 
and washing, varies from $4 to $5 per week. 

SCHOOL OF BIOLOGY, 447 Crafts Street, West Newton, C. J. 
Maynard, Principal. Pupils of all grades are given a normal 
course in biology, but especial attention is paid to fitting teachers 
for special position's in schools and colleges, or as supervisors of 
biology or zoology in city and town schools. 

173 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

WEST NEWTON ENGLISH AND CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 

West Newton. The following details of the history of the school 
are taken from a lengthy sketch of the school in 1872 by the Rev. 
James T. Thurston : " Its origin carries us back to our great 
pioneer in educational reform, one of the noblest and most hon- 
ored citizens of the Commonwealth, whose services to the State 
and to the world have given us the statue in the State House yard 
bearing the name and form of Horace Mann. As an institution, 
it has long held a prominent place in the public regard, and is 
warmly cherished in the memories of a great number of both sexes 
who have been its pupils, scattered over our country and foreign 
lands, as well as of others who, during the whole period of its 
history, have been its patrons and friends. It was in April, 1848, 
soon after the location of the State Normal School at West New- 
ton, under the auspices of the State Secretary and Board of Educa- 
tion, and under the superintendence of that admirable teacher, 
Father Peirce, that a union was formed between the State Normal 
School and the school district of West Newton, then including 
Auburndale. The object of the union was the formation of a 
' Model School,' where all the most approved methods of instruc- 
tion should be adopted, and the best talent employed to develop 
the young, and show by example what a true school should be. 
Mr. Nathaniel T. Allen, then entering the profession of teacher, 
with all the fresh enthusiasm that had been encouraged by the 
newly awakened public interest in education, was appointed prin- 
cipal of this model school. This was the first yearly public school 
that had ever been taught in Newton. The pupils were in r part 
the children of the district, and in part those who came from other 
districts, towns, and States. Mr. Allen's assistants were the young 
ladies of the normal school, who spent, each in turn, three weeks 
in observing and teaching under Mr. Allen's eye in the model 
school. The popularity of the school was such as to attract 
a large number of visitors continually, from Boston and other 
places. On the removal of the normal school to Framingham, 
the model school was given up, Mr. Allen declining to leave with 
it as was desired. Mr. Mann and other friends of education now 
urged Mr. Allen to open a private school. This was immediately 
done in connection with ' Father Peirce,' and was continued till 
his death. The schoolhouse and grounds hitherto occupied by 
the normal school were purchased. A circular issued, proposing 
to open a first-class un sectarian school, where both sexes could be 
safely sent and thoroughly well taught in all branches embraced 
in a broad and generous culture. The result was that a large num- 
ber of pupils soon offered themselves, and the school from the 
first has been generously sustained. The patrons have been parents 
and guardians of the highest social position in the country, as may 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Williamstrnvn. 

be seen by reference to the catalogues of the institution. In 1855 
an act of incorporation was passed by the Legislature, securing 
such privileges as the policy of the State has seen fit to grant to 
educational institutions, from Harvard College to the simplest 
public and private school. That this policy is a wise one, even 
in a pecuniary point of view, is seen in a statement made to the 
selectmen in 1870. The school building was erected in 1832 by 
means of a bequest of Judge Abraham Fuller for establishing an 
academy, and therein Master Perkins and Master Seth Davis 
taught two years' each, when it was purchased by Hon. Josiah 
Quincy, Jr., and given to Horace Mann for the use of the normal 
school, the property to revert to Horace Mann, he selling it to 
Nathaniel T. Allen in 1853, and an act of incorporation being 
obtained in 1855. The exterior and interior of the building 
remain much the same as it was originally. The first gymnastic 
apparatus was erected in the school yard May 17, 1854." 

WESLEYAN ACADEMY, Wilbraham, the Rev. W. R. New- 
hall, D. D., Principal, is a Methodist Episcopal school, founded in 
1817 at Newmarket, N. H., and removed to Wilbraham in 1824. 
Over six thousand different students have attended the academy, 
and about eight hundred of these have entered college. At least 
one-third of the students have been young women. The grounds, 
including farm lands, comprise 226 acres. There are six principal 
school buildings, including a gymnasium just completed at a cost 
of $45,000. Courses of study include : Academy (for those not 
preparing for college), classical, Latin scientific, and industrial 
science. There are also commercial, fine arts, music, elocution, 
and physical culture departments. Annual expense for board, 
laundry, room rent, heat, general tuition, etc., $250. 

WILLIAHS COLLEGE, Williamstown, Franklin Carter, LL.D., 
President, is the outgrowth of a " Free School," chartered in 
1785, in accordance with the terms of the bequest of Colonel 
Ephraim Williams. As they found it difficult to collect the neces- 
sary funds for erecting a building, the trustees sent a petition, 
August 19, 1788, to the Legislature "for the grant of a lottery to 
raise the sum of twelve hundred pounds." Accordingly an act 
was passed February n, 1789, making such a grant. In 1793 
the Legislature passed " an act to establish a college in the county 
of Berkshire, within this Commonwealth, by the name of Williams 
College." The property of the Free School was transferred to the 
new institution. Admission to Williams is on examination, or 
under specified conditions by certificate. The only undergraduate 
degree conferred is Bachelor of Arts. Master of Arts will be con- 
ferred on graduates who have studied one year in residence at the 
college, pursuing two approved courses of study in different depart- 

175 



Worcester. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mass. 

ments, the total work being equal to that of a college year, and 
who have passed satisfactory examinations on both subjects and 
have prepared a satisfactory thesis. Under specified conditions 
the Master's degree may be also taken by non-resident graduates. 
A limited number of special students and partial course students 
are received. The income from scholarship funds, aggregating 
$150,000, is distributed at the discretion of the trustees to students 
needing aid. There are also a number of honor, class, and prize 
scholarships available. The principal college buildings number 
about twenty, and their total cost is estimated at $568,300. The 
college library contains 40,750 volumes, exclusive of duplicates, 
and over fifteen thousand pamphlets. Tuition is $105 a year 
Board, $3.25 to $6 per week. 

BECKER'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 492 Main Street, Worces 
ter, E. C. A. Becker, Principal, has been established ten years. Stu- 
dents may enter at any time, the term being reckoned from the day 
the pupil begins work. Students from out of the city may obtain 
reduced railway fares on the various roads by applying to the 
principal. 

CHILDS'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 112 Front Street, Worces 
ter, E. E. Childs, Principal, has two general courses, business 
shorthand and typewriting. The school teaches typewriting by 
touch, a system of its own. Tuition : Business course, per term 
of twelve weeks, $35. Shorthand and typewriting course, per term 
of twelve weeks, $35. Rates for school year in advance, either 
course, $100. 

CLARK UNIVERSITY, Worcester, G. Stanley Hall, Ph. D., 
LL. D., President, now consists of a group of five closely related 
departments, in which all its work and that of instructors, fellows, 
and scholars is grouped. These departments are as follows : 
Mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, and psychology. In 
addition to these education is now a sub-department of psychology. 
Graduate students only are admitted, or those of equivalent attain- 
ments, except in rare and special cases. At present no entrance 
examinations are required, but by testimonials, diplomas, personal 
interviews, or written specimens of work, the authorities must be 
satisfied that the applicant has scholarship enough to work to 
advantage, and zeal and ability enough to devote himself to his 
chosen field. The charge for tuition, giving all the privileges of 
the University, but not covering the laboratory fees, is $200 per 
annum. Intending students will be given information, so far as 
possible, upon any of these or other points, in advance of official 
announcement, upon addressing the clerk of the University, Mr. 
Louis N. Wilson, Worcester, Mass. 

176 



Mass. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Worcester. 

COLLEGE OF THE HOLY CROSS, Worcester, the Rev. 
John F. Lehy, S. J., President, is the oldest Catholic college in 
New England, having been founded in 1843. It was chartered in 
1865, and given the power "to confer such degrees as are conferred 
by any college in this Commonweath, except medical degrees." 
The course of studies makes up two departments, the collegiate and 
the preparatory, embracing in its whole extent a period of seven 
years, of which three are given to the preparatory, and the remain- 
ing four to the collegiate department. Board and tuition are $225 
per year. 

THE DALZELL SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Worcester, George A. 
Stearns, Jr., A.B., Principal. The object of this school is to prepare 
boys for college or a scientific course. It is abreast of the times 
in curriculum and methods, and has a comparatively large corps 
of teachers for a small number of pupils. It offers a home for 
a few boys in the principal's family. There are two schools, the 
lower and the upper, the former preparing very young boys for 
the latter. The expenses for the lower school, for boarding pupils, 
are $400 to $600 per annum ; for the upper school, $500 to $700 
per annum. 

FROEBEL SCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN NORflAL 
CLASS, 80 West Street, Worcester, Miss Annie Coolidge Rust, 
Principal, is in its sixth year. The kindergarten receives chil- 
dren from three to six years years of age ; the connecting class, 
children from five to six ; the primary department, from six to 
eight. Tuition per year is as follows : Kindergarten, $60, includ- 
ing material; connecting class, $60, books extra; primary, $75, 
books extra. Applicants for the normal class must present a 
normal or high school certificate, or testimonials of an equivalent 
preparation. Tuition in this course is $100 per year. 

niSS KlflBALL'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Worcester, Ellen 
A. Kimball, Principal, occupies a desirable position in the residen- 
tial portion of the city. It prepares thoroughly for college, and 
offers the following courses of study : Intermediate, college pre- 
paratory, academic, and literary. The latter two courses are 
intended especially for students not preparing to enter college. 
French and German are taught by native teachers and spoken in 
the family. The expenses for the school year are $400 for board- 
ing pupils. Day pupils pay $75 for intermediate work, $90 for 
academic, and $120 for college preparatory. 

STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Worcester, E. Harlow Russell, 
Principal, was opened in 1874. The general course of study for 
two years shall comprise the following subjects : Psychology, his- 
tory of education, principles of education, methods of instruction 
and discipline, school organization, school laws of Massachusetts. 

177 



Worcester. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

Tuition, and also the use of all text books and necessary school 
stationery (except drawing materials), are free to such as intend to 
teach in the public schools of Massachusetts, whether residents of 
this State or not. Those whose purpose is to teach in other 
States or in private schools are required to pay in advance $15 a 
term ($30 a year) for tuition. 

WORCESTER ACADEflY, Worcester, D. W. Abercrombie, 
A. M., Principal, is a school for boys, incorporated in the year 1834. 
The income from an endowment fund is applied to the main- 
tenance of an efficient faculty. The academy offers two courses 
of instruction, a classical and a scientific. The aim of the first is 
to give a maximum preparation for college. The scientific course 
is designed to prepare boys for the higher scientific schools. The 
principal's certificate admits without examination to Amherst, 
Brown, Colby, Colgate, Cornell, Dartmouth, Williams, and the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. The rates of charge in the 
academy vary from $187.50 to $600 a year. These charges 
include room rent, tuition, board, heat and light, furniture, and care 
of room. The academy possesses a scholarship fund, amounting 
at present to $20,000. 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Worcester, T. 
C. Mendenhall, Ph. D., LL. D., President, was founded by John 
Boynton, Esq., of Templeton, Mass., in 1865, and was opened for 
students in 1868. Applicants for admission must be at least six- 
teen years of age. Five courses of study are offered, each four 
years in length, as follows : Mechanical engineering, civil engi- 
neering, chemistry, general scientific, and electrical engineering. 
All courses are identical during the first half of the freshman 
year, so that election of studies is not necessary until the begin- 
ning of the second half. Certain subjects are common to all 
courses, which are planned so as to supply in as large a measure 
as possible the benefits of a liberal education. These courses are 
mathematics, modern languages and English, political science, 
physics and elementary mechanics, chemistry, and drawing. The 
fee for tuition, including laboratory charges, is $160 per year. A 
number of scholarships are available for worthy students. The 
entire expenses for tuition, board, and incidentals need not exceed 
$45- 

MICHIGAN. 

RAISIN VALLEY SEMINARY, Adrian, L. Adelbert Bailey, 
A.M., Principal. This seminary was founded in 1850 by the 
Friends, and is the only Friends' school in Michigan. It was a 
pioneer school in the State, and, though under the management of 
the Friends, its doors stand open to any who seek an education, 
irrespective of denomination or religious views. Four courses of 

178 



Mich. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Battle Creek. 

study of four years each are arranged to meet the various wishes 
of students : Latin, scientific, Latin-scientific, and normal, and very 
recently a business course has been provided for. Well selected 
library, convenient laboratories, and six-inch telescope afford 
excellent facilities for the pursuit of science and literature. The 
expenses are made as low as possible to meet the needs of 
students who must economize in order to secure an education. 

ALflA COLLEGE, located in Alma, a village of two thousand 
inhabitants, is twelve years of age. It has a faculty of nineteen 
professors and teachers, and a student body of 250 young men 
and women. It has an endowment of two hundred thousand 
dollars, a campus of thirty acres, five buildings of brick and stone, 
a library of thirty thousand volumes and pamphlets, a museum 
rich in mineralogy, archaeology, paleontology, zoology, and botany, 
has laboratories in physics, chemistry, and biology. Because of its 
endowment the expenses of students are very low. 

UNIVERSITY OF HICHIGAN (co-educational), Ann Arbor, 
James B. Angell, LL. D., President, is a part of the public educa- 
tional system of the State. The governing body of the institution 
is a board of regents, elected by popular vote for terms of eight 
years, as provided in the constitution of the State. The Univer- 
sity is open to all persons of both sexes who are qualified for ad- 
mission. It comprises the Department of Literature, Science, and 
the Arts (including the Graduate School and the Summer School), 
the Departments of Engineering, Medicine and Surgery, and 
Law, the School of Pharmacy, the Homoeopathic Medical College, 
and the College of Dental Surgery. Each department, school, and 
college has its special faculty. In the Department of Literature, 
Science, and the Arts, different lines of study lead to the degrees 
of A. B., Ph. B., S. B., B. L., the corresponding Masters' degrees, 
and the degrees of Ph. D. and S. D. All the professional schools 
confer appropriate degrees. Tuition is free; incidental fees for 
citizens of Michigan approximate $50, and for students from out- 
side the State $75. There are no dormitories or commons 
connected with the University. 

THE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MU5IC, Ann Arbor, 
Thomas C. Colburn, Secretary. This school was established in 
1892 and is conducted by the University Musical Society of the 
University of Michigan. Membership is restricted to officers, 
graduates, and students of the University. The work is organized 
in three distinct departments, an introductory course of general 
musical instruction, a high school course, and a diploma course. 

THE BATTLE CREEK COLLEGE, a training school for 
Christian workers, Battle Creek, E. A. Sutherland, President. 
The site of the college is on a fine eminence in the western part 

179 



Benton Harbor. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mich. 

of the city about one-half mile from the business centre. Stu- 
dents can obtain a thorough course in any line of study as 
presented in any college, with the difference that all studies here 
are presented from a Bible standpoint. Manual training is made 
a great feature. 




Director of University School of Music, Ann Arbor. 



BENTON HARBOR COLLEGE AND NORHAL, Benton 
Harbor, C. J. Edgecumbe, Ph. D., Principal. Founded in 1886, 
this school's enrolment had grown by the academic year 1892- 
93 from forty-five to 443. Beginning with the latter year the 
institution has been conducted under a college charter. The 
location in view of Lake Michigan, the excellent railway and 
steamship connections, and the handsome college building with 
adjacent dormitories, are worthy of note. The departments include 
normal, collegiate, musical, business, kindergarten, elocution, fine 
arts, and preparatory. The faculty numbers about twenty. The 
year is divided into four terms of nine weeks each, in addition to 
the summer term of six weeks. Tuition in the academic courses 
is $8 per term, and in shorthand, typewriting, and business de- 
partments, $10. 

1 80 



Mich. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Holland. 

THE DETROIT SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 36 to 40 Putnam 
Avenue, Detroit, Mrs. Mary Ekin Whitton and Frederick Whitton, 
Principals. This school, now in its ninth year, aims not at accom- 
plishments, but at organic growth in all-round manhood. The 
academic courses are severe and comprehensive, but physical and 
moral development is considered as important as intellectual. 
Athletic sports are given sanction and prominence, and bodily 
training is carried on under the best medical supervision. The 
courses are primary, middle, and upper. A complete preparation 
for college is offered. There are two terms in the year ; expenses 
for each, without extras, are at the following rates : Day students 
(primary), $62.50; day students (middle and upper), $75 ; home 
students, $300. 

THE DETROIT SEMINARY, 643 and 645 Jefferson. Avenue, 
Detroit, Eliza F. Hammond and Laura C. Browning, Principals. 
This school endeavors to meet the demand for a school more 
thorough than the usual boarding school, yet less severe than a 
woman's college. The course of study runs through six grades : 
Kindergarten, primary, intermediate, grammar, preparatory, and 
collegiate. Students completing the college preparatory course 
are admitted upon certificate to Smith and Wellesley. Boys are 
admitted to the kindergarten and lower departments in the school. 
The terms for board and tuition are $600 per year. 

HILL5DALE COLLEGE (co-educational), Hillsdale, George 
F. Mosher, LL. D., President, is pleasantly situated in the south- 
ern part of the State on the Lake Shore Railroad. It has been in 
existence forty-three years. It has a well equipped Preparatory 
School, a School of Music, of Drawing and Painting, of Elocution 
and Oratory, and a School of Theology, besides the College proper, 
which offers a four years' classical, scientific, literary, and normal 
course. Graduates from the normal course receive a certificate 
from the State Board of Education entitling the holder to teach in 
the public schools of the State without examination. The yearly 
fees, including tuition and all incidentals, are only $20.50. 

HOPE COLLEGE, Holland, Gerrit J. Kollen, A.M., LL. D., 

President. The college was organized in 1866. It offers four 
courses the classical, philosophical, scientific, and normal 
all leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The management 
is under the auspices of the Reformed Church in America. It 
has a faculty of thirteen experienced, competent men, and it offers 
young people a liberal education at a moderate expense. Annual 
expenses from $150 to $200. Two hundred students now in 
attendance. 

181 



OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 

OF 



Olivet. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mich. 

OLIVET COLLEGE, (co-educational), Olivet, Albert L. Lee, 
Secretary, was founded by a colony which removed from Oberlin, 
Ohio, to Michigan, led by the Rev. John J. Shipherd, founder of 
Oberlin College. The object of the college and the purpose of its 
founders may be seen by a single extract from its first annual 
catalogue in 1846: "We wish to have it distinctly understood 
that the whole object of this institution is, has been, and we hope 
ever will be, the education of young men and women especially 
such as are not rich in this world's goods, but heirs of the King- 
dom of God for the glory of God and the salvation of a dying 
world. . . . We have no partisan or sectarian interests to sub- 
serve, and desire to have none. We wish simply to do good to 
our students by placing in their hands the means of intellectual, 
moral, and spiritual improvement and to teach them the divine art 
of doing good to others." The school opened in December, 1844, 
with nine students. The first catalogue enrolled seventy-two, and 
thenceforward the numbers increased more rapidly than facilities 
and means could be furnished. Failing in repeated attempts to 
secure from the State a college charter, the founders wrought for 
fifteen years under the name of Olivet Institute. Finally, in 1859, 
a charter was granted and the Institute transformed into the Col- 
lege. Its equipment and material resources are now extended to 
keep pace with the demands of the higher education of to-day. 

OLIVET CONSERVATORY is directed by Mrs. Lizzie E. Bintliff, 
and offers a thorough musical education. 

OLIVET PREPARATORY SCHOOL is in charge of Tom F. Kane. 

MICHIGAN MILITARY ACADEMY, Orchard Lake, Col. J. 
Sumner Rogers, Superintendent. This institution was organized 
in 1877 without endowment, and has become the leading military 
academy in the country outside of West Point. The buildings and 
equipment are modern and complete, and the sanitary arrange- 
ments are as nearly perfect as modern science can make them. 
The purpose of the school is to give boys a thorough preparation 
for college, to give them the best known physical training, and to 
develop manhood. Two courses of study are offered, classical 
and scientific. For boys not qualified to enter either course a 
preparatory year is provided. The charge for instruction, board, 
washing, use of arms and equipments, is $450 per annum. Horse- 
manship, optional, per term of half year, $40. 

STATE NORMAL 5CHOOL, Ypsilanti, Richard G. Boone, 
A. M., Ph. D., President, was founded in 1849 an d opened in 
1853. The sole purpose of the institution is the preparation of 
teachers for the public schools of Michigan. All who enter the 
school must sign a declaration of their intention to teach. The 
work done is professional in the best sense, and is a scholarly 

182 



Minn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Collegeville. 

preparation for a high grade teacher. For graduates of approved 
high schools it requires, for the five years' certificate, about three 
semesters ; life certificate, two years ; degree of Bachelor of 
Pedagogy, the full college course of four years. For graduates 
of colleges of high rank it requires one year's residence for the 
degree in pedagogy. The annual expenses of a student are about 

$175- 

niNNESOTA. 

ALBERT LEA COLLEGE, for young women, Albert Lea, 
Virginia, Southgate, Principal, was founded in 1885 by the Synod 
of Minnesota, to meet the growing demand for the higher Chris- 
tian education of young women in the Northwest. The advantages 
for health are : The clear bracing climate of Minnesota ; the 
mineral waters of the artesian springs of Albert Lea ; and the lake 
making a college gymnasium for boating in summer and skating 
in winter. The advantages for education are : It is the only 
woman's college in the Northwest; it furnishes complete college 
courses, leading to a degree as in Eastern colleges, also musical, 
art, elocution, physical culture, and preparatory courses ; it is a 
home where a girl's happiness and health are consulted ; and the 
expense is moderate, $200 covers tuition, board, furnished room, 
light, and laundry for one year. 

LUTHER ACADEMY, Albert Lea, the Rev. E. I. Strom, Prin- 
cipal, was established in 1888. It is owned by members of the 
Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Synod, and is controlled by a 
board of trustees elected by the corporation. The primary aim is 
to educate the Lutheran youth, and to them it offers special induce- 
ments. Members of other church societies are, however, always 
welcome to avail themselves of the advantages of the academy. 
Religious instruction is given a prominent place among the 
branches ordinarily taught for mental discipline. Six courses of 
study are offered : The academic, the college preparatory, the Eng- 
lish normal, the commercial business, the commercial shorthand, 
and the musical. The expenses are moderate, as the school is not 
conducted for money-making, but for educational purposes only. 

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, Collegeville, is conducted by Bene- 
dictine Fathers. Students, according to their abilities and inclina- 
tions, may pursue the preparatory, the commercial, the classical, 
the scientific, the philosophical, or the theological course. The 
instruction in each of these courses is a thorough one. The insti- 
tution enjoys an extremely romantic location on the shore of a 
beautiful lake. It is eighty-five miles west of St. Paul on the 
Great Northern Railway. The location is also very healthful. 
Shady and romantic walks through the forest, ample play- 

183 



Duluth. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Minn. 

grounds, the lake, with its facilities for boating and fishing in 
summer, and skating in winter, afford an amount of innocent 
sport the most fastidious will not reasonably despise. The ex- 
penses for the collegiate year, including board, bedding, washing, 
and mending of linens, are $200. 

THE flAYNARD SCHOOL, Duluth, Laura A. Jones, M. A., 
Principal, affiliated with the University of Chicago. It is the aim 
of the school to fit girls for life, and, to accomplish this, the train- 
ing must be along physical, mental, and moral lines. The course 
of study is always made secondary to health, as an education with- 
out health would be of little use ; and also, because the required 
work can be more easily and profitably pursued when health has 
been established. Two courses of study are offered, college pre- 
paratory and academic, and graduates are admitted to the Uni- 
versity of Chicago and Eastern colleges on certificate. There 
are also kindergarten, primary, and intermediate departments, to 
which boys are admitted. Rare advantages are offered to those 
desiring to study art or music. The school is a home, rather than 
an institution. Number limited. Board and tuition, not including 
laundry, $500 per annum. 

ST. MARY'S HALL, Faribault, is a boarding school for girls 
under the auspices of the Protestant Episcopal Church, the Rt. 
Rev. H. B. Whipple, D. D., LL. D., President of the Board of 
Trustees and Rector. St. Mary's Hall was first opened as a board- 
ing school in 1866 by Bishop Whipple in his own house, with Mrs. 
Whipple as House-mother, and Miss Sarah P. Darlington, Prin- 
cipal. The number of teachers was three and the number of 
pupils the first year about thirty. Since then the number of pupils 
enrolled in a single year has been one hundred, and the present 
number of teachers is thirteen. The terms are $350 per annum, 
French and German included, while music, art, elocution, and 
dancing are extras. At first St. Mary's was a private enterprise, 
the Bishop carrying the entire burden of the venture. In 1872 
the school was incorporated with a board of trustees, of which the 
Bishop is ex-officio president. In 1883 it was removed to a new 
and beautiful building on the brow of the bluff overlooking the 
valley of the Straight and the Cannon Rivers and the city of Fari- 
bault. The building was to contain rooms and dormitories for 
one hundred pupils. Since then the school has adopted the plan 
of rooms for the students. From the first the course of study and 
the instruction have been thorough. A certificate of graduation 
admits to the University of Minnesota and to Wellesley College, 
and our graduates are prepared for any college or university. 
Faribault is a beautiful city, centrally located in Southern Minne- 
sota, about fifty miles south of St. Paul and Minneapolis, and is 

184 



Minn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Faribault. 

easy of access from Chicago and St. Louis. It was selected as the 
centre of the educational work of the Episcopal Church as early 
as 1857. Since then the wisdom of the choice has com- 
mended itself to the State, and three of our leading public institu- 
tions are now located here. The school has a spacious gymnasium, 
a carefully selected library and reading-room containing the best 
periodical literature of the day, a neat chapel for daily service and 
an observatory with a telescope, all accessible without exposure. 
St. Mary's has its own plant for steam heating and a dynamo for 
electric lighting. The rooms are well ventilated and lighted, and 
the school contains all modern improvements. Rev. E. Steele 
Peake, B. D., is chaplain ; Miss Catherine Wright Eells, A. A., 
Principal. 

SEABURY DIVINITY SCHOOL, Faribault, the Rt. Rev. 
Henry Benjamin Whipple, LL. D., President, Rev. Alford A. 
Butler, M. A., Warden. This institution was founded in 1858 as 
an outgrowth of the missionary zeal of the Rev. James Lloyd 
Breck, who came to Minnesota in 1850. The school is larger and 
stronger to-day than at any time since its organization. The stone 
buildings are situated on handsome grounds covering twenty-five 
acres of grove and lawn. High scholarly standards are main- 
tained. A candidate for the degree of Bachelor in Divinity must 
obtain a high per cent, in his work, and must be a college gradu- 
ate or have an equivalent education. Tuition is free. The annual 
expense for board, heat, light, and washing is $200 for each 
student living in the hall. 

SHATTUCK SCHOOL, Faribault, the Rev. James Dobbin, 
D. D., Rector, is under the management of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, having grown out of the mission school established 
by the Rev. Dr. J. Lloyd Breck in 1858. Its object is the Chris- 
tian education and training of boys, and their preparation either 
for college or to enter at once upon an active business life. It 
began without means or th'e aid of any moneyed patron, and from 
the first relied upon patronage for its maintenance. It has become 
one of the largest schools of its kind, and its beautiful group of 
stone buildings and admirable equipment and location make it 
one of the finest educational plants in the West. The laboratories 
are better equipped than in many colleges. It relies largely on a 
most efficient military department for physical training. One of its 
greatest attractions is the climate. With the moderate elevation 
of one thousand feet, an unusual freedom from severe storms, the 
tonic effect of a dry, exhilarating atmosphere and no malaria, few 
schools offer so favorable conditions for the development of a 
sound constitution. It is specially beneficial to many boys from the 
seacoast States and the South. Considering the character of its 

185 



Fronfenac. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Minn. 



accommodations and the quality of the instruction and care, the 
charges, $400 a year, are very moderate. There has been no 
change in the head of the school from its organization, now nearly 
thirty-two years. 

VILLA nARIA, Frontenac, conducted by the Ursuline Nuns, is 
a school for girls. Although founded as recently as 1891, the 
school has won for itself a reputation for thorough academic train- 
ing. Besides the regular branches included in the curriculum, 
instruction is given in drawing, vocal and instrumental music, 
dressmaking, Delsarte, and dancing. The school is patronized by 
all denominations. Board and tuition per month (not including 
music), $12. 



r 




SHATTUCK SCHOOL. 

NAZARETH BOARDING SCHOOL FOR LITTLE BOYS, 

Lake City, conducted by the Ursuline Nuns, receives boys between 
the ages of two and twelve, and offers the advantages of home 
comforts, motherly care, spacious playgrounds, and firm but gentle 
discipline. In addition to the usual English branches, music and 
the languages are taught at an extra charge. Protestants are not 
allowed to take part in any Catholic exercise. Board and tuition 
per month, $12. 

NORMAL SCHOOL OF THE UNITED NORWEGIAN 
LUTHERAN CHURCH OF AflERICA, Madison, O. Lokens- 
gard, Principal, has normal, preparatory, and musical departments. 
Much account is made of religious instruction. 

1 86 



Minn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Minneapolis. 

AUGSBURG SEMINARY, Minneapolis, corner Seventh Street 
and Twenty-first Avenue, S., was organized in 1869 and began its 
work at Marshall, Dane County, Wisconsin. In 1872 the school 
was removed to its present location. Prof. A. Weenaas was the 
first president. He was succeeded in June, 1876, by Prof. G. 
Sverdrup, who has served continuously since. The faculty, as at 
present constituted (1898), consists of Prof. S. Oftedal, elected in 
1873; Prof. G. Sverdrup, elected in 1874; Prof. J. H. Blegen and 
Prof. Theo. S. Reimestad, elected in 1885 ; Prof. W. M. Petter- 
sen, elected in 1886; Prof. A. M. Hove, elected in 1887, and 
Prof. J. L. Nydahl, elected in 1891. The aim of Augsburg Sem- 
inary is the education of ministers, qualified for the work in a free 
Lutheran church. The course covers nine years, the first six 
years being preparatory, and the last three giving a strictly theo- 
logical course. The annual expenses for board and tuition are 
about $120. 

STANLEY HALL, 2118-2122 Pleasant Avenue, Minneapolis, 
Olive Adele Evers, Principal, is a school for girls, opened as a day 
school in 1890, and as a boarding and day school in 1891. In 
the new building accommodations are provided for about thirty 
pupils and ten teachers. There are primary, preparatory, academic, 
and collegiate departments. Annual charges for boarding pupils, 
$450. Annual tuition for day pupils, $100 to $175. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF HINNESOTA, Minneapolis, C. W. 
Hall, Dean, began its legal existence February 25, 1851, on which 
date Gov. Alexander Ramsey approved an act of incorporation 
establishing the University of the Territory of Minnesota. For 
many years its history was one of bitter struggle. The institution 
started with a preparatory department. The act of 1860, providing 
for the government and regulation of the University, directed that 
there should be attached a collegiate department in which regular 
college classes should be formed. The reorganization act of 
February 18, 1868, now regarded as the charter of the University, 
further provided for the establishment of five or more colleges or 
departments : First, a Department of Elementary Instruction ; 
second, a College of Science, Literature, and the Arts ; third, a 
College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, including Military 
Tactics ; fourth, a College or Department of Law, and fifth, a 
College or Department of Medicine. The recent growth of the 
University has been remarkable. Some hint of its prosperity may 
be derived from the following statements : There are over twenty 
principal buildings ; the general library contains more than forty 
thousand volumes ; twenty-four professional and academic degrees 
are awarded ; the medical building is affirmed to be the most 
perfect and complete for the uses to which it is devoted to be 

187 



Moorhead. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Minn. 

found in the United States ; with perhaps one exception there has 
never been such a rapid development of a law school in Europe or 
America as in this University ; there is a teachers' course, a mili- 
tary department, an agricultural experiment station, and all the 
usual professional departments of a university. 

MINNESOTA STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT MOOR= 
HEAD, Moorhead, Livingston C. Lord, President, offers to 
students of both sexes five elementary and advanced normal 
courses, in addition to practice courses in the training schools 
connected with the institution. The privileges of the school are 
free to all entering the normal department and declaring their 
intention to teach two years in the public schools of the State. 
Persons not wishing to pledge themselves to teach will pay tuition 
at the rate of $30 per year. 

CARLETON COLLEGE, Northfield, James W. Strong, D. D., 
President. This Christian, co-educational school has witnessed 
rapid growth during its short history. The preparatory depart- 
ment was opened in 1867, and three years afterwards the college 
department was organized, and a president elected. In 1871, in 
recognition of generous gifts, the name of Mr. William Carleton, 
of Massachusetts, was given to the institution. The educational 
plant, including grounds, buildings, library, museum* and appara- 
tus, has been obtained at a cost of $280,000, and the endowment 
funds amount to as much more. The new telescope in the 
astronomical observatory is the sixth in size, and fifth in power, 
in the United States. The college has had about three thousand 
students, and enrolls more than three hundred each year; the 
faculty numbers over twenty. The principal departments are school 
of music, acadeirfy, and college. Expenses, including board, about 
$170 a year. 

ST. OLAF COLLEGE, Northfield, the Rev. Thorbjorn N. 
Mohn, President. While the special purpose of the school is 
that of meeting the wants of Scandinavian students, English is the 
language of the institution. This institution was opened in 1875, 
but a college department was not added until 1886, and the present 
corporate name was not adopted until 1889. The school is under 
the patronage of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Two courses 
of study are offered English and classical. Young women are 
admitted to all departments. The total expenses for one year 
are $119. Tuition for the year is $30. 

RED WING SEfllNARY, Red Wing, the Rev. M. G. Hanson, 
Principal. In the autumn of 1879 Red Wing Seminary, organized 
under the patronage of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, opened 
both academic and theological courses to students. The aim of 

1 88 



Minn. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



St. faui. 



the school is two-fold : To furnish a general Christian culture ; to 
prepare young men to be Christian teachers, or to be ministers 
in Norwegian Lutheran churches. The theological department 
offers a three years' course. Instruction in Norwegian is a feature 
of the preparatory course. Tuition is $25 a year. 



I 





STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, St. Cloud, George R. Kleeberger, 
President, was established in 1869. ^ nas we ^ equipped labora- 
tories and gymnasiums, and a well selected library of several 
thousand volumes. The practice department includes grades in a 
model school and in the public schools of St. Cloud. The courses 
are : Advanced English of five years ; advanced Latin of five 
years ; elementary English of three years ; a graduate course for 
high school and college graduates ; an advanced course of two 
years ; and an elementary course of one year ; also a kindergarten 
training course of two years. Tuition is free in all excepting the 
kindergarten course. 

GERflAN LUTHER THEOLOGICAL SEHINARY, St. Paul, 
the Rev. H. Ernst, President, is controlled by the Evangelical 
Lutheran Joint Synod of Ohio and adjacent States, and was origi- 

189 



VHnona. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Minn. 

nally a part of the seminary at Columbus, Ohio. In 1885 it was 
transferred to Afton, Minnesota, and in 1892, on account of its 
rapid growth, to its present commodious quarters in St. Paul. The 
whole course (proseminary and seminary) extends over a period 
of from five to six years. The theological lectures are delivered 
in the German tongue, but instruction is also given in English. 
While the main object is to prepare young men for the ministry, 
the school also aims to lay foundation for a thorough collegiate 
course. Tuition in proseminary is $30 per year. 

STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Winona, Irwin Shepard, Ph.D., 
President, was opened in 1860. Fifteen hundred graduates and 
more than seven thousand undergraduates have received instruc- 
tion in its courses, the most of whom have become teachers in the 
State. There are two departments : The normal proper, and the 
training or model school. Of these the former comprises five 
courses : Elementary, advanced, elementary graduate, advanced 
graduate, and kindergarten training course. The school year is 
divided into quarters, forming continuous sessions. Tuition is 
free to all residents of the State who sign a declaration of inten- 
tion to teach for two years in the State. To non-residents of the 
State a tuition of ten dollars per quarter in advance will be 
charged. 

WINONA SEfllNARY, Winona, is a boarding and day school 
for girls, conducted by the Sisters of St. Francis, under the direc- 
tion of the Rt. Rev. Joseph B. Cotter, D. D., Bishop of Winona. 
It has a three story brick building, lighted throughout by elec- 
tricity, and heated by hot water. The outlook commands the 
Mississippi River, the picturesque bluffs of Wisconsin and Minne- 
sota, and Lake Winona. Three regular courses of study are 
offered : Literary, commercial, and musical. In addition there 
are special courses in elocution, art, and physical culture. 
There is a large and experienced faculty. Correspondence may 
be addressed to the Sister Directress. Board per year, including 
laundry (except starched goods), is $160. Boarding pupils are 
admitted to the literary department without charge for tuition. 
Tuition in this department to all others varies from $9 per year, 
in the primary grades, to $18 in the preparatory. In the music 
department tuition is $10 per term of twenty lessons in all courses 
except voice; in this, $15. Tuition for the complete commercial 
course is $40, for the course in shorthand is $25. The aim of 
the school is " the training up of sound, moral, intellectual, and 
Christian women, to be the makers and preservers of Christian 
homes, the exponents of the highest and noblest living wherever 
Providence may place them." 

190 



Miss. 'WHERE TO EDUCATE. Westside. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

CHALYBEATE SPRINGS INSTITUTE, Chalybeate, Tippah 
County, L. H. Jobe, B. S., Principal, is a non-sectarian school, 
situated among the highest hills of North Mississippi. It offers 
primary, intermediate, preparatory, teachers', scientific, literary, 
and business courses, and has departments of art, music, and 
elocution. Tuition per month, $1.25 to $3.50. Board per month, 
$6 to $8. 

McCOnB CITY FEMALE INSTITUTE, McComb City, Chas. 
H. Otken, LL. D., and G. P. McFarland, Co-principals. The 
location of this school is in the pine belt, on the Illinois Central 
Railroad, 105 miles north of New Orleans, and seventy-eight 
miles south of Jackson, Miss. Topographically, the city is 395 
feet above tide water. Water is free stone. No local causes for 
diseases exist. The institute property occupies a square of ground 
in the southern portion of the town. It provides three courses 
of studies : Primary, preparatory, and collegiate. The degrees of 
M. E. L. and A. B. are conferred on students taking the studies 
that pertain to these degrees. The terms for tuition, board, and 
laundry range from $165 to $200 per annum. 

EAST niSSISSIPPI FEnALE COLLEGE, Meridian, J. B. 
Beeson, A.M., President, was founded in 1869. The location is 
on a high hill in the central part of a city of twenty thousand 
inhabitants. Religious influences are very strongly emphasized. 
Among the numerous courses are the classical, leading to the 
B. A. degree, scientific (B. S.), literary (B. L.), philosophic (B. Ph.,) 
and music (B. M.). 

MISSISSIPPI AGRICULTURAL AND flECHANICAL COL= 
LEGE, Starkville, Gen. S. D. Lee, LL. D., President, owes its 
origin to the Land Grant Act of Congress, 1862. The State 
Legislature (1878) divided Mississippi's appropriation under this 
act equally between Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College 
and this college, each receiving $113,575. This sum, together 
with subsequent appropriations, places the school on a firm basis. 
The property includes a thirty-acre campus and numerous build- 
ings. There are preparatory and collegiate departments. Two 
courses, one in agriculture, the other in the mechanic arts, lead to 
the degree Bachelor of Science. The Military Department is under 
the direction of a United States Army officer. A matriculation fee 
of $5 entitles a student to the privileges of a five years' course. 

ALCORN A. AND n. COLLEGE, Westside, the Rev. E. H. 
Triplett, President, is an institution for the higher education of 
colored youth. The grounds and buildings of Oakland College, 

191 



Albany. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mo. 

founded by Southern Presbyterians in 1828, were bought in 1871 
by the State of Mississippi, and dedicated, under the name of Al- 
corn University, to the purpose of negro education. In 1878 the 
Legislature reorganized the school with the name of Alcorn Agri- 
cultural and Mechanical College, the better to comply with the Act 
of Congress of 1862, under which the institution is a beneficiary. 
The courses include, among others, college, normal, and industrial. 
Tuition is free to all Mississippi students ; to others it is $5 per 
term in advance. 

MISSOURI. 

NORTHWEST fUSSOURI COLLEGE, Albany, William H. 
Pritchett, A. M., President, is a college, music and art conservatory, 
and business institute for both sexes, owned by the Gallatin Dis- 
trict of the Missouri Conference, M. E. Church, South, and char- 
tered (1891) with collegiate privileges. There are preparatory, 
collegiate, normal, music, art, and business courses. The following 
degrees are conferred : Ph. B., A. B., A. M., Pe. B. A student's 
annual expenses need not exceed $150. 

KEMPER SCHOOL, Boonville, T. A. Johnston, Superintend- 
ent, is a military academy. First Lieutenant George D. Moore, 
U. S. A., detailed by the War Department, is commandant of 
cadets, and Capt. E. H. Marsteller, of the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, is the assistant commandant. The school was founded in 
1844, and is hence the oldest boys' academy in Missouri. The 
grounds comprise thirty acres, and contain a lake of two acres, well 
stocked with fish. The buildings have been erected with special 
reference to the needs of the school. The cadets are treated as 
members of the principal's family, and share all the advantages of 
home life. Preparation is given for college or for business life. 
School bill, including board, tuition in all branches, light, fuel, 
physician's fees, and washing, per school year, $300. 

MEQQUIER SEMINARY, Boonville, a school for girls, opened 
in September, 1892, by Misses Annie and Julia Megquier. Miss 
Julia Megquier, Principal, Miss Annie Megquier, at the head of the 
home department. The principal has taught in Missouri, Nevada, 
and California, and is fitted by nature and experience to take charge 
of girls. Teachers selected with care, experienced and capable. 
Well equipped laboratory and gymnasium. Music department is 
under the direction of Miss Edith C. Perry and Miss N. H. Hop- 
kins, sister and sister-in-law, as well as pupils of the concert-pian- 
ist, Edw. Baxter Perry, of Boston. Art department under the 
direction of Mrs. N. A. Lyman, a teacher of thirty years' ex- 
perience, and an artist of note, whose pictures won favorable 

192 



Mo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Columbia. 

notice at the World's Fair in Chicago. The seminary opened its 
sixth year in September, 1898, with good enrolment. 

BROOKFIELD COLLEGE, Brookfield, H. C. Myers, A.M., 
President, is under the control of the Presbytery of Palmyra, and 
includes academic, normal, and musical departments. It is affili- 
ated with the University of the State of Missouri and with the 
University of Wooster, Ohio, its students being received on certifi- 
cate and without examination at these institutions. This ensures 
to graduates from the academic department ready admission and 
advanced standing wherever they may wish to complete their col- 
lege education. Board at the college dining hall, $2 per week. 
Tuition, $7 to $10 per quarter. 

CAHDEN POINT MILITARY INSTITUTE, Camden Point, 
W. N. Stagner, President, has for its aim the preparation of young 
men either for college or for the common vocations of life. Cam- 
den Point is situated in the famous Platte Purchase, and has one 
of the most healthful locations in the Mississippi basin. Its railroad 
facilities are good. Each cadet pays in advance $15.75 per term 
of four and a half months. 

CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, Canton, Clinton Lockhart, Ph. D., 
President, was chartered in 1853. It was a notable feature of this 
charter that it granted to w r omen a coequal and coordinate educa- 
tion with men ; and it has the honor of being the first charter in the 
United States to embody this advanced provision. The institution 
occupies a healthful and elevated site on the west bank of the 
Mississippi River. A campus of eighteen acres surrounds the main 
building, a commodious structure which cost $60,000. The Uni- 
versity is composed of six colleges : College of Arts and Sciences ; 
College of the Bible ; Commercial College ; Conservatory of Music ; 
School of Fine Arts ; School of Expression. The degrees are : B. A., 
B. S., B. L., M. A., and M. S. Annual tuition in College of Arts 
and Sciences, $42 ; Bible, $23; Music, $47 ; Art, $38. 

CLARKSBURG COLLEGE, Clarksburg, Moniteau County, 
Warren I. Moore, B. A., President, was established in 1876, and is 
under the control and general management of the Baptists. There 
are collegiate and normal courses leading to the degrees of B. A., 
B. Sc., and B. P. ; an academy course ; a commercial department ; 
a department of music ; elocution and Delsarte course ; and a 
primary department. Tuition for a term of five months, $10 to $20. 

ST. STEPHEN'S COLLEGE AND CONSERVATORY OF 
flUSIC, Columbia, Sam Frank Taylor, D. D., President, is an in- 
stitution for young women under the control of the Missouri Bap- 
tist General Association. It has a fine site and campus, and new 

193 



Columbia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mo. 

buildings heated by steam and lighted by electricity. Preparatory, 
English (B. L.), scientific (B. S.), classical (B. A.), and post-graduate 
(M. A.) courses, and schools of music, art, elocution, and business 
are included. Expenses for the half year, including board, fur- 
nished room, light, fuel, servants' attention, laundry, and all liter- 
ary tuition, $105. 

UNIVERSITY OF THE 5TATE OF illSSOURI, Columbia, 
Richard H. Jesse, LL. D., President, was located at Columbia, 
Boone County, June 24, 1839. The corner-stone of the main build- 
ing was laid July 4, 1840, and this is generally accepted as the date 
of the foundation of the University. Courses of instruction in aca- 
demic work were begun on April 14, 1841. A normal department 
was established in 1867. The College of Agriculture and Mechanic 
Arts and the School of Mines and Metallurgy were made depart- 
ments of the University in 1870, the School of Mines and Metal- 
lurgy being located at Rolla, where it was formally opened November 
23, 1871. The law department was opened in 1872, the medical 
department in 1873, and the engineering department in 1877. 
The experiment station was established, under act of Congress, in 
1888. The Missouri State Military School was created a depart- 
ment of the University in 1890. In 1868 the State gave aid for 
the first time to the University, a sum of $10,000. The Univer- 
sity comprises the following departments : Graduate, academic, 
normal, law, medicine, military science and tactics, College of Agri- 
culture and Mechanic Arts, embracing School of Agriculture, 
experiment station, School of Mechanic Arts, School of Engineer- 
ing, and the School of Mines and Metallurgy. The academic 
department offers five courses, one leading to the degree A. B., 
one to B. L., and three to B. S. Admission is by examination 
and on certificate from approved schools. Academic students 
and those in the School of Agriculture pay an entrance fee of 
$10, and library and incidental fees amounting to $10. Law students 
(regular or special) pay $50 a year. 

HARVIN COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Fredericktown, Nelson 
Bellinger Henry, President, is under the patronage of the M. E. 
Church, South, and includes preparatory, collegiate, music, and 
teachers' courses. Tuition per year, $20 to $40. 

IBERIA ACADEMY, Iberia, G. Byron Smith, A. M., Princi- 
pal, is a non-sectarian, Christian school that fits for college and 
offers classical, scientific, English, and musical courses. The 
library has fifteen hundred books. The academy is co-educational 
and has an enrolment of about one hundred. Annual tuition, $21. 
Board can be obtained in private families at $1.50 to $2.50. 

194 



Mo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Kirkwood. 

CARLISLE TRAINING SCHOOL, Jackson, the Rev. Willis 
Carlisle, Principal, is a preparatory school for boys and girls 
between the ages of eleven and eighteen years. Special attention 
is given to moral training. Music and art are included in the 
course of study. The board and tuition expenses are $150 per 
year. 

ST. LOUIS SEMINARY, Jennings, B. T. Blewett, LL.D., 
Principal. This is a private select school for young women, situ- 
ated at Woodland, near Jennings Station, on a height of land 
overlooking the city of St. Louis. The location is beautiful and 
healthful, and, while secluded enough to be free from disturbing 
influences, it is near enough to St. Louis to afford its students the 
educational advantages of the city. The building is completely 
equipped and stands in the midst of a shady lawn of six acres, the 
entire grounds comprising twenty-six acres. But twenty boarding 
pupils can be accommodated at one time. The principal, Doctor 
Blewett, founder and ex-president of Bethel College, Russellville r 
Ky., has devoted his life to the education of the young and his 
able work is supplemented by that of his carefully chosen assist- 
ants. The curriculum is so arranged that it embraces whatever 
may be required in the thorough education of a young lady. The 
discipline is parental, and every effort is made to make the school 
life a happy one. The Seminary is regularly chartered and author- 
ized to confer the usual literary degrees, and diplomas are granted 
to those who satisfactorily complete the full course of study, 
including music. 

THE CONRAD AND SfllTH BUSINESS COLLEGES, include 

Kansas City Business College, Lawrence Business College, Atchi- 
son Business College, and St. Joseph Business College, and are 
incorporated with a capital stock of twenty-five thousand dollars. 
These colleges are under one management, offer the same courses 
of study, use the same text-books, and charge the same rates of 
tuition. C. T. Smith is the President. Tuition in the business 
course, thirty-six weeks, day sessions, $50. In the shorthand and 
typewriting course, the same. In the combined business and 
shorthand course, $75. 

KIRKWOOD fllLITARY ACADEflY AND GLENDALE 
INSTITUTE, Kirkwood, Edward A. Haight, A. M., Superintend- 
ent, was founded in 1882. It is thirteen miles from St. Louis by 
rail. The grounds embrace five acres of beautiful lawn, and the 
building is a large brick structure of three stories. It has pre- 
pared for Harvard, Vanderbilt, De Pauw, and other colleges. 
Individual attention and study are devoted to each pupil. The 
cadets are drilled each day in military tactics. The superintend- 



Lexington. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mo.' 

ent with his family occupies the same building with the boys, and 
all take their meals together at the same table. Board, tuition, 
washing, light, and fuel, $350 per school year. Boys are received 
at eight years of age. 

WENTWORTH HILITARY ACADEMY, Lexington, Major 
Sandford Sellers, M. A., Superintendent. Major Sellers has had 
charge of this institution about twenty years or from its very begin- 
ing, it having started as a small day school. It is now the oldest 
and most prosperous military school in the central West. It is 
healthfully located forty-two miles east of Kansas City. The 
recently erected buildings of brick and stone are in the midst of a 
blue-grass campus of twelve acres beautiful with shade trees. The 
school is under government supervision and is supplied by the 
government with ordnance and ordnance stores. The military 
department is in charge of a United States army officer, a graduate 
of West Point. It is incorporated, is under a board of trustees, 
and has no debt, thus the expenses are small and the advantages 
proportionately large. In 1897 the school was attended by 115 
boys, representing fourteen different States and old Mexico. Dur- 
ing the summer of 1898 the capacity was considerably increased by 
extensive additions, and at the opening session of 1898-99 every 
room was occupied. 

WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE, Liberty, was founded in 
1849, and is the best endowed and most largely attended college 
for young men in Missouri. It is situated at Liberty, Clay County, 
Missouri, a growing town of about thirty-five hundred inhabitants. 
It has an academic department, a collegiate department, and a 
theological department. There are ten college buildings, includ- 
ing lecture halls, laboratories, dormitories, students' boarding club, 
dining hall, etc. The college has no boarding department, but 
each student makes his own arrangements for board and lodging. 
Necessary expenses range from $175 to $256 per college year. 
Ministerial students and sons of Baptist ministers receive tuition 
free. 

HARDIN COLLEGE AND CONSERVATORY OF flUSIC, 

Mexico, J. W. Million, A. M., President, is an institution for young 
women, founded and endowed by Governor Hardinin 1873. The 
faculty includes alumni of Johns Hopkins, Chicago, Michigan, 
Berlin, Bryn Mawr and Vassar. A. B., B. L., and A. M. are the 
degrees conferred in the collegiate department. Other depart- 
ments are : Academic, elocution, art, commercial, primary, cooking, 
and music. The last named department is perhaps the most 
notable of the institution. It is chartered by the State, with 
power to grant degrees, and is presided over by Xaver Scharwenka, 

196 



Mo. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Park-uille. 



the founder of the Conservatory at Berlin, and court pianist to 
the Emperor of Austria. Herr Scharwenka is present in person 
during May. Board, fuel, light, laundry, furnished room, and 
full collegiate course, per year, $225. 

COOPER COLLEGE, Moundville, C. H. Miles, President, is 
located in a village of Vernon County, which has excellent railway 
connections, and is noted for its immunity from vice. The school 
was organized at the M. E. church in Moundville in 1892, and 
opened its first session in a new building the year following. 
There are four courses offered : Preparatory, business, normal, 
and scientific. 




JEWELL HALL. 

ODESSA COLLEGE, Odessa, J. R. McChesney, A. M., Presi- 
dent. The curriculum makes up four departments : Preparatory, 
collegiate, music, and commercial. The collegiate department is 
divided into a two years' teachers' course, a four years' scientific 
course, and a four years' classic course. Degrees are conferred 
on completion of the various courses. The tuition is about $35 
per year. 

PARK COLLEGE, Parkville, L. M. McAfee, President, is nine 
miles from Kansas City, on the Kansas City, St. Joseph and 
Council Bluffs Railroad. Organized in 1875, tne scno l has grown 
from an enrolment of seventeen students to that of more than 

197 



Portland. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mo. 

four hundred. Park College has a productive endowment of 
$200,000, over eleven hundred acres of land, and more than a 
score of buildings. It has a preparatory department and a col- 
lege department leading to the degree of A. B. The library has 
seven thousand books'. The feature that distinguishes Park from 
other institutions is the opportunity afforded students to help 
themselves by work. This opportunity is afforded by Park Col- 
lege Family. Park Hall provides board, furnished rooms, light, 
and heat at $3 per week. Tuition in college classes, $10 per 
term; third and fourth years, academy, $7.50 per term; first and 
second years, academy, $5 per term. 

ST. MARK'S SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Portland, Callaway 
County, James H. Gill, Principal, is a boarding school for boys, 
and is intended for those between the age of seven and sixteen 
years. The school is situated on a bluff overlooking the Missouri 
River, near the village of Portland. It is conducted after the 
manner of the English private school, and the boys are treated as 
members of the family. Board and tuition, $20 per month. This 
includes fuel, lights, and laundry. Music and special vocal lessons 
are the only extra charges. 

ST. CHARLES COLLEGE, St. Charles, C. L. Wolcott, A. M., 
President, was founded in 1834, and claims to be the oldest chartered 
college west of the Mississippi. There are two brick buildings, one 
used for a boarding hall and residence, the other for recitation rooms. 
The courses of study include business, teachers', scientific, classic, 
and elective. The scientific leads to the degree B. S. ; the classic 
to the degree B. A. Instruction is given in music, art, and elocu- 
tion. Total cost of residence and tuition is $165 per year. 

BARNES'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 418^ Olive Street, St. 
Louis, Arthur J. Barnes, President, J. R. Anderson, Principal, is 
a complete and practical business college. The direct control is 
in the hands of Professor Anderson, who, from a long experience, 
understands the practical side of business life. In 1868 Mr. 
Barnes left Rochester, N. Y., and established himself in St. Louis 
as a court reporter. Being continually called upon to give instruc- 
tion to others, in 1881 he established Barnes's Shorthand School. 
About 1888 he published " Barnes's Shorthand Lessons," a text- 
book of the Benn Pitman phonography. This book attracted the 
attention of educators, and was afterwards revised, and is now 
known as " Barnes's Shorthand Manual." It is used in the Busi- 
ness High School of Washington, D. C., Young Women's Chris- 
tian Association, Boston, Mass., and other business colleges 
throughout the United States. This book was followed by 
" Barnes's Complete Typewriting Instructor," used in New York, 

198 



Mo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. St. Louis. 

Brooklyn, Boston, Indianapolis, Chicago, San Francisco, and 
other cities. The demand for instruction increased, until, in 1896, 
Professor Barnes organized a full commercial school, known as 
Barnes's Business College. The instructors are carefully chosen 
specialists, and the courses are kept abreast of the times. 

CHRISTIAN BROTHERS COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, St. 

Joseph, conducted by the Brothers of the Christian Schools, is a 
Catholic school, but students of other denominations are received 
and their religious opinions respected. The departments are 
three : Primary, preparatory, and commercial. Annual expense 
for board, tuition, washing, bed, and bedding, $200. Annual 
tuition for day pupils, $20 to $50. 

FOREST PARK UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, Mrs. Anna Sneed 
Cairns, President, is the only college exclusively for women in the 
West where the full college course is offered. The requirements 
for graduation, with the degrees B. A. or B. S., are similar to those 
of Wellesley, Bryn Mawr, Smith, and Vassar. Besides strictly 
college courses, there are seminary, grammar school, and primary 
courses, and departments of music, art, and elocution. Professor 
Kroeger, director of the College of Music, was president of the 
National Music Teachers' Association in 1895-96. The insti- 
tution was founded in 1861, and has had a remarkable growth. 
The faculty number twenty-six. Tuition in seminary or college 
courses is $80 for the school year. Terms in boarding department, 
$260 to $275. 

BISHOP ROBERTSON HALL, St. Louis, is under the care of 
the Sisterhood of the Good Shepherd (Episcopal), and was estab- 
lished in 1874. Lectures on church history are given monthly by 
the bishop of the diocese. The courses are : Introductory, pri- 
mary, junior, intermediate, middle, and senior. All studies are 
included which are taught in high grade secondary schools. The 
annual charge for board and tuition, not including extras, is $375. 
Terms for day pupils (thirty-seven weeks), $30 to $130. One- 
third less is allowed the daughters of clergymen. 

HANUAL TRAINING SCHOOL, WASHINGTON UNIVER= 

SITY, St. Louis, was' organized in 1879. It is a secondary or 
preparatory school between the district or grammar school on the 
one hand, and the high grade engineering school on the other. 
It was organized to effect several ends : To furnish a broader and 
more appropriate foundation for higher technical education ; to 
serve as a developing school where pupils could discover their 
inborn capacities and aptitudes, whether in the direction of litera- 
ture, science, engineering, or the practical arts ; to furnish to those 
who looked forward to industrial life opportunity to become 

199 



St. Louis. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mo. 

familiar with tools, materials, drafting, and the methods of con- 
struction, as well as with mathematics, elementary science, and 
ordinary English branches. The course of instruction covers three 
full years. It is the aim to have every class during its three 
years in the school cover the standard college requirements in 
English. All the sciences are taught by the laboratory method. 
The chief purpose of the school is general training. Experience 
has shown that a combination of mental and manual exercises is 
stimulating and wholesome. The constant demand for graduates 
of the school by business managers is the best possible proof of 
the practical value of manual training. Calvin M. Woodward, 
A. B. (Harvard), Ph. D. (Washington University), Director. 

MARY INSTITUTE, St. Louis, Ermund H. Sears, A. M., Prin- 
cipal, is an organized department of Washington University, and 
was founded under the provisions of the University charter in 
1859. It soon outgrew its original quarters, and the present 
building was erected in 1878 at a cost of $70,000. The faculty 
numbers thirty, and the school, with this large corps of teachers 
and with its well equipped library and laboratories, gives a thor- 
ough preparation for college. Graduates can enter without exam- 
ination Wellesley, Smith, and Vassar, as well as all women's col- 
leges which admit on certificate. While a limited number of 
special students are received, the Institute is a thoroughly graded 
school, extending from the lowest primary to the highest academic 
departments. Pupils receive much individual attention, a teacher 
being provided for every fifteen students. A thorough course in 
cooking is given to all members of the senior class that desire it. 
There is no boarding department. Tuition, per term of eighteen 
weeks, $35 to $80. 

ST. 'LOUIS UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, the Rev. Joseph Grim- 
melsman, S. J., President, was founded in 1829 by members of 
the Society of Jesus. It was incorporated by Act of the State 
Legislature of Missouri in 1832, and empowered to confer 
degrees. The degree conferred by the institution is that of 
Bachelor of Arts, which is attained by giving satisfaction in the 
examinations held at the end of the curriculum. The degree of 
Master of Arts may be obtained subsequently, by devoting a 
second year to the continued study of philosophy in the institu- 
tion, or by two years of application to the pursuit of a learned 
profession. There are classical, academic, and commercial depart- 
ments. Non-Catholic students are admitted to the University. 
An officer of the United States Army is detailed by the President 
of the United States as professor of military science and tactics. 
Military drill is obligatory upon the students of the collegiate 
department and upon the students of the first and second commer- 



Mo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. St. Louis. 

cial classes. The University offers an extensive post-graduate 
course. Tuition, per session of ten months, for all classes, $60. 

ST. LOUIS SCHOOL AND MUSEUfl OF FINE ARTS 

(Art Department of Washington University), St. Louis, Halsey 
C. Ives, Director. For nearly twenty-five years art instruction 
has been embodied in the course of study of Washington Univer- 
sity. In 1875 special students were admitted to the drawing 
department, and class and public lectures were given on art 
history. The same year an evening school was opened. On 
May 22, 1879, the directors of the University adopted an ordi- 
nance, a part of which read as follows : " A Department of Art is 
hereby established as a special department of Washington Uni- 
versity, to be known as the St. Louis School of Fine Arts. The 
object of said department shall be : Instruction in the fine arts ; 
the collection and exhibition of pictures, statuary, and other works 
of art, and of whatever else may be of artistic interest and appro- 
priate for a public gallery or art museum ; and, in general, the 
promotion by all proper means of aesthetic or artistic education." 
The school occupies a newly erected fire-proof building of three 
stories. The reception-room is situated on the first floor near the 
main entrance. A class lecture room, also on the first floor, is 
arranged in amphitheatre style, and will seat 116 students. A 
large hall on the second floor will accommodate six hundred per- 
sons. The reading-room is supplied with all the current maga- 
zines and the leading art journals of the world. The museum in 
its various collections affords rare opportunities for study. The 
teachers connected with the school have received their training in 
Europe. Individual instruction is given in drawing, modelling, 
painting, artistic anatomy, perspective, composition, architectural 
and mechanical drawing. The tuition fee is $25 per term, or $75 
per year. 

TOENSFELDT INSTITUTE, St. Louis, J. Toensfeldt, Princi- 
pal, was founded in 1879 under the name of " Educational Insti- 
tute." In 1886 a manual training department was added. The 
course of study is divided into primary, grammar, and academic 
departments. The academic is the usual four-year high school 
course, in which English and German hold an important place. 
Bookkeeping is also taught. The charges for board and tuition 
are $400 per year. 

WALTHER COLLEGE OF ST. LOUIS, St. Louis, Prof. A. 
C. Burgdorf, President, was opened in 1889, under the auspices 
of the Lutheran denomination. It is situated in the heart of the 
city, occupying an elevated and healthful site. There are three 
buildings of modern construction. Religious instruction is given 

201 




202 



Mont. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Helena. 

in all classes. Provision is made for four parallel courses of study : 
Classical, scientific, English, and commercial. The school is co- 
educational. Tuition in the two lower classes is $50 per annum ; 
in the two upper, $75. Non-resident male students are accommo- 
dated in the boarding hall connected with the institution. The 
cost of board and lodging, including bath, fuel, and light, is $150 
per annum. In Ladies' Hall the female students receive the same 
accommodations, including tuition, for $240 per annum. These 
fees do not include the laundering of students' linen. 

NORTH fllSSOURI ACADEMY, Salisbury, G. C. Briggs, 
Principal. This is the name given to the combined schools, 
Salisbury Academy and North Missouri Institute. It is located 
in the city of Salisbury, 167 miles from St. Louis. The school is 
for boys and girls, and has a literary and scientific department, a 
normal department, a business and shorthand department, depart- 
ments of music, art, and elocution, and a military department. 

AVALON COLLEGE, Trenton, Grundy County. The college 
building is a fine brick structure of twenty-nine rooms. The 
collegiate courses are standard. The normal department furnishes 
first-class advantages to persons preparing to teach. Musical, 
elocutionary, commercial, and art departments. Two literary 
societies. Attendance largely increased over last year. Expenses, 
including boarding, room, and tuition, $150 to $175 per year. C. 
J. Kephart, President. W. C. Ryan, Principal of normal depart- 
ment 

BUCHANON COLLEGE, Troy, W. F. Roberts, A. M., Presi- 
dent, is a co-educational, non-sectarian college, situated in a village 
with the best railroad facilities and without a liquor saloon. The 
following departments are included : Academic, business, music, 
art, and elocution. The academic department embraces prepara- 
tory, classical, scientific, and teachers' courses. The rate of tuition 
is $40 for the year. 

MONTANA. 

ST. VINCENT'S ACADEflY, Helena, conducted by the 
Sisters of Charity, was established in 1869. The new building 
occupies one of the most eligible sites in Helena. No undue 
influence is exerted over the religious opinions of non-Cath- 
olic students. Pupils are allowed to visit their homes at the 
Christmas holidays only. The course of instruction includes all 
the subjects usually taught. Expense for residence and regular 
tuition is $100 per session of five months. The scholastic year is 
divided into two five-month sessions. Pupils are received at any 
time in the year and charged from date of entrance. 

203 



Mtssoula. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Mont. 

UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA, Missoula, Oscar J. Craig, 
Ph. D., President, was created by an Act of the Montana State Leg- 
islature, approved February 17, 1893. The University grounds 
comprise forty acres, commanding a magnificent outlook, and the 
commodious University Hall and Science Hall, recently erected, 
are fine buildings planned with especial reference to the present 
needs and future demands of the University. There are collegiate, 
preparatory, and music departments, and provision is also made 
for special students. The collegiate courses of study are : A 
classical course leading to the degree of A. B.; a philosophical 
course leading to the degree of B. Ph.; a science course leading to 
the degree of B. S.; a course in mechanical engineering leading 
to the degree of B. M. E. The college year is divided into two 
equal semesters. The matriculation fee for the preparatory or 
for any college course is $10 per year. The University has no 
dormitories. 

NEBRASKA. 

BELLEVUE COLLEGE, Bellevue, David R. Kerr, Ph.D., 
D. D., President, is the college department of the University of 
Omaha. Connected with the college is a preparatory department, 
which prepares for the best colleges. The college has gained 
and maintains, not merely the reputation, but the character of 
high scholarship and culture. President Kerr and Mrs. Kerr 
have large experience and wisdom in guiding and inspiring young 
men and women. The plan is parental, and the college is made 
also a home. The teachers, who are the best of educated men 
and women, take personal interest in the students, and give them 
the full benefits of their culture. The boys and girls have separate 
halls, with attractive rooms, and all modern city accommodations 
and conveniences. These buildings are heated with steam or hot 
water. They are so located as to give one of the most beautiful 
and extensive landscape views. The air and water are the purest. 
The site is at Bellevue, Neb., ten miles south of the centre of 
Omaha. The college curriculum, in its required and elective 
studies, gives breadth and thoroughness equal to the best colleges 
of the East. The expense is $150 per year. The best of musical 
advantages at extra expense. 

CHADRON ACADEMY, Chadron, Winfred Chesney Rhoades, 
Principal, was established in 1888 by the Northwestern Associa- 
tion of Congregational Churches in Nebraska. It is the only 
institution of learning, except the public schools, in a region of 
twenty-one counties, having an area of twenty-eight thousand 
square miles. It offers four regular courses : Classical, scientific, 
normal, and commercial, besides preparatory work for those who 

204 



Neb. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lincoln. 

need it. The classical and scientific -are the regular college 
preparatory courses. In addition to these there is the Chadron 
Academy School of Music, which offers instruction in piano, 
violin, voice building, chorus singing, and organ. Situated in the 
midst of a vast grazing country, Chadron Academy has sent forth 
its graduates to do work of importance, and often to take positions 
of some prominence in a new and needy section. The academy 
is not sectarian, but it is distinctly and positively Christian in its 
principles, its ideals, and its teaching. 

QUEEN CITY BUSINESS COLLEGE, Hastings, H. S. 
Miller, M. C. S. This school is located in one of the finest cities 
in the West. The city is known as the Queen City of the Plains, and 
is in every way a beautiful health resort. Ladies and gentlemen 
are admitted to the school, and have equal advantages. The rooms 
are spacious and attractive, and fitted up with all modern improve- 
ments. Five complete courses. The expenses are about $150 
per year, including tuition, room, board, and stationery. We have 
excellent facilities for assisting those who properly qualify them- 
selves. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, Lincoln, George E. 
MacLean, LL. D., Chancellor, is a part of the public school system 
of the State, and was founded by an Act of the State Legislature, 
which took effect February 15, 1869. The University owns an 
extensive property. Among the buildings .on the campus are: 
University Hall, Chemical Laboratory, Nebraska Hall, Library, 
Observatory, College of Mechanic Arts, and Grant Memorial 
Hall, containing the armory and gymnasium. The libraries of 
the University contain thirty-five thousand books. The. University 
of Nebraska comprises the following named colleges and schools : 
The College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, the Industrial 
College, the Graduate School, the College of Law, the School of 
Agriculture, the School of Mechanic Arts, the Sugar School, the 
School of Domestic Science, special professional courses, the 
summer session. The regents of the University have also en- 
trusted to their charge the United States Experiment Station. 
They offer courses in university extension, including farmers' 
institutes. There is also affiliated with the University a school of 
music and one of art, in which, pending the opening of the College 
of Fine Arts, instruction is given in every grade of instrumental 
and vocal music, and in drawing, painting, wood carving, model- 
ling, etching, and the history of art. Admission to the College of 
Literature, Science, and the Arts is by examination, or on certifi- 
cate from accredited schools. The College of Literature, Science, 
and the Arts provides for undergraduate work leading to the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. The Industrial College leads simi- 

205 



Neligh. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Neb. 

larly to the degree of Bachelor of Science. Other degrees offered 
by the University are : Bachelor of Laws, Doctor of Philosophy, 
Electrical Engineer, and Master of Arts. Military drill is required 
by the statutes of the State of all male students in the college 
courses who belong to the classes known as first year of residence, 
second year of residence, and third year of residence, including 
those special students who have two studies therein. The gym- 
nasium is thoroughly equipped with light and heavy apparatus, 
and gives an unobstructed floor space of over fifty-two hundred 
square feet. An employment bureau is maintained at the Uni- 
versity. The University promises nothing in advance, but pays 
out, as the labor may be needed, about a thousand dollars a year 
for student labor, at twelve and one-half cents to twenty cents an 
hour. There are a few fellowships and scholarships for graduate 
students, and some positions for laboratory assistants and readers. 
The average cost of a year at the University ought not to exceed 
$175. Many spend much less than this sum. The students 
board and lodge among the families of the city. 

GATES COLLEGE, Neligh, the Rev. Oscar Franklyn Davis, 
President. This Congregational College of Northern Nebraska, 
incorporated in 1881, was named in honor of the Rev. Hiram N. 
Gates, for many years Superintendent of Home Missions in the 
State. Opened for students in 1882, its college department was 
not organized until four years later. Its subsequent growth has 
been rapid, and the present enrolment is over two hundred. 
Neligh, 150 miles northwest from Omaha, is easily accessible by 
rail from all points in the State. The four fine buildings of the 
college include one of the best gymnasiums in Nebraska. The 
equipment of the college laboratories is excellent ; the museum 
has the foundation for valuable collections, and the library num- 
bers about five thousand volumes. The departments are : College, 
academy, normal, music, elocution, and business. The average 
annual expense is estimated at $136. By strict economy this may 
be reduced to $100. 

THE CREIGHTON UNIVERSITY, Omaha, the Rev. John 
Pahls, S. J., President, was founded in 1878, and incorporated as 
a university under act of the Legislature of Nebraska in the year 
following. It embraces two colleges : The Creighton College, 
with collegiate, academic, and elocution departments, and the 
John A. Creighton Medical College. The college confers the 
degrees Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, Bachelor of Philos- 
ophy, and Doctor of Philosophy, and the medical school confers 
the degree Doctor of Medicine. This is a Roman Catholic 
institution, and religious instruction is made prominent in the 
curriculum. Among secular studies the ancient classics hold 

206 



Neb. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Peru. 

the first place as the most efficient instrument of mental discipline. 
The academic year consists of one session, beginning on the first 
Monday of September, and ending in the last week of June. 
Tuition is entirely free. 

NEBRASKA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF, Omaha, Henry E. 
Dawes, M. A., Superintendent. This is a State institution, the 
only one of its kind in Nebraska, and for more than a score of 
years it has followed its mission of care and instruction to those 
children of the Commonwealth who are debarred by reason of 
deafness from attending the common schools. Such are received 
when residing in the State without charge, and others may be 
received and furnished with the same advantages by application 
personally or by letter to the superintendent, who is always glad 
to correspond with those interested in matters pertaining to the 
school. The situation is highly attractive, the location being on 
pleasantly wooded meadow land sufficiently elevated to command 
an expansive view of the Missouri Valley, and having the city of 
Omaha readily accessible by electro-motor. The physical require- 
ments of the pupils are abundantly supplied ; the food is ample 
and of the best quality, and the water, from deep wells on the 
premises, is unexcelled. The corps of last season, of seventeen 
teachers, has been augmented by several trained specialists, with 
full equipment for the work and heartiest interest in its successful 
accomplishment. The spring roster of 161 pupils is now sur- 
passed by two, and many more new pupils are arranging to come. 
The course of study extends from the technical work of the 
kindergarten, so much enjoyed by the little folk, through the 
usual primary, intermediate, and high school branches, to a 
graduation that finds our young men and women ready for meet- 
ing and dealing with the problems of life. The social and literary 
features of the school receive constant and skilled attention from 
members of the staff especially qualified for those phases of the 
work, and a religious influence of non-sectarian character pervades 
the school. A Christian Endeavor Society has been organized, 
and is doing splendid work. The method of instruction employed 
is the one known as the Combined System ; the arts of articula- 
tion and of lip-reading are given full attention, and each pupil is 
brought into correspondence with the hearing and speaking world 
to the fullest possible extent. Guests are always welcome to the 
institution, and are afforded every opportunity for examining the 
methods of teaching. 

NEBRASKA STATE NORMAL AND TRAINING SCHOOL, 

Peru, Nemaha County, J. A. Beattie, LL. D., President. Courses 
are offered which prepare for kindergarten work in the public 
schools, as well as for the primary, intermediate, and higher 

207 



Wayne. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Neb. 

grades. Courses are also given leading to the State and life 
diplomas, courses adapted to graduates of high schools, and 
special courses of study for normal school and college graduates. 
There is a model school, and all facilities for practical work in 
child study. The school's equipment includes well supplied 
laboratories and a library of over thirteen thousand volumes. In 
addition to regular branches, instruction is given in painting, 
drawing, vocal and instrumental music. There is a summer 
term. Registration fee is $5 ; tuition, except for private work in 
painting, elocution, and music, is free. 

NEBRASKA NORflAL COLLEGE, Wayne, J. M. Pile, A. M , 
President. Wayne, county seat of Wayne County, is on the 
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railroad, forty-five miles 
from Sioux City and 115 from Omaha. The land is rolling; in 
healthfulness it is unexcelled. The handsome main building is 
located on a campus of five acres. Courses of study include 
literary, teachers', professional, scientific, classical, mathematical, 
and special science. Students may complete any course without 
remaining consecutive terms or years. There are no vacations. 
Graduates in good standing are certain of positions, as the school 
is not able to furnish half the number of teachers requested. 
Tuition, board, and furnished room for one year (fifty weeks) is 
$125; for a term (ten weeks) is $31.50. Elocution and vocal 
music are free. 

WEEPING WATER ACADEHY, Weeping Water, Frank C. 
Taylor, A. B., Principal. This school aims to provide the best 
advantages and surroundings for earnest students to do thorough, 
broad educational work. We prepare fully for college. The 
school is in a very picturesque little city of thirteen hundred to 
fifteen hundred people, has the endorsement of the Congregational 
churches of the State, has been at work thirteen years, and was 
never in better condition than now. The school expenses for a 
school year, thirty-nine weeks, need not exceed $115. The faculty 
are all college graduates. Standard business, normal, and general 
culture courses are carried. A strong conservatory of music offers 
the best of music work. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

ST. MARY'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Concord, Elizabeth M. 
Montague-Gainforth, Principal, affords the advantages both of a. 
refined Christian home and of a complete preparation for the best 
women's colleges. In addition to the school course of four years, 
there is a post-graduate course of two years, and several elective 
courses. The number in the household is limited. This is a 

208 



N. H. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Hanover. 

Protestant Episcopal school, and sacred studies, including Church 
catechism, are embraced in the curriculum. The charge for resi- 
dence and regular tuition is $400 ; for day pupils, the charge is 

#75- 

THE NEW HAMPSHIRE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
AND THE flECHANIC ARTS, Durham, C. S. Murkland, Ph. D., 
President, was established on the basis of the Congressional land 
grant by the New Hampshire State. Legislature in 1866. It was 
founded at Hanover in connection with Dartmouth College, but 
at the session of the State Legislature in 1891 acts were passed 
severing the connection with Dartmouth and removing the institu- 
tion to Durham. Large appropriations have recently been made, 
and handsome buildings erected. Besides the preparatory course, 
courses are offered in agriculture, mechanical and electrical engi- 
neering, technical chemistry, and a general collegiate scientific 
course. The college is co-educational ; it confers the degree 
Bachelor of Science on those who complete a four years' course. 
Tuition is $60 a year. 

THE PHILLIPS EXETER ACADEMY, Exeter, Harlan Page 
Amen, A. M., Principal. This academy was incorporated April 3, 
1781, and was opened May i, 1783. The first and chief bene- 
factor of the academy was Dr. John Phillips, whose donations in 
all amounted to about $60,000. The building erected in 1794, 
and enlarged in 1821, was destroyed by fire December 17, 1870, 
and the new building was completed in 1872, since which time 
seven new buildings have been added. The object of the academy 
is to furnish the elements of a solid education, and it offers in- 
struction in all the studies required for admission to the leading 
colleges and scientific schools. The alumni number about six 
thousand. The tuition is $100 a year, and the entire expenses for 
resident students vary from $233 to $408 per year, including 
tuition. 

DARTflOUTH COLLEGE, Hanover, the Rev. W. J. Tucker, 
D. D., President, is the outgrowth of a school which the Rev. 
Eleazar Wheelock opened in his home at Lebanon, Conn., Decem- 
ber 1 8, 1754, for the Christian education of Indian youth. The 
school was known as Moor's Indian Charity School. In 1764, 
thirty pupils were in attendance, of whom about one-half were 
English students, preparing to serve as missionaries to the Indians. 
The sum of ten thousand pounds was soon afterward raised, and 
committed to the charge of a board of trustees with the Earl of 
Dartmouth at its head. As the result of this endowment it was 
determined by Doctor Wheelock to enlarge the purpose of the 
school, especially to reach " a greater proportion of English youth," 

209 



Kingston. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. H. 

and to change its location. After careful investigation, the site 
chosen was the township of Hanover, in the province of New 
Hampshire, which was the natural center of " more than two hun- 
dred towns, chartered, settled, or about to be settled." Removal to 
the province of New Hampshire gave the assurance of a charter, 
which had thus far been difficult to obtain. This was given by 
Gov. John Wentworth in the name of King George III. and bears 
the date of December 13, 1769. The college received the name 
of Lord Dartmouth, its most active patron in Great Britain. The 
first board of trustees consisted of the governor, with three of his 
council, the speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representa- 
tives, one member of the Connecticut colonial government, and 
six Connecticut clergymen selected by Doctor Wheelock. Doctor 
Wheelock was elected president. The first class of four students 
was graduated in 1771, the commencement being attended by the 
governor of the province of New Hampshire and a company of 
gentlemen from Portsmouth, who made their way in part through 
almost trackless forests. Other institutions have from time to time 
been associated with, or incorporated into, the college : Dartmouth 
Medical College, 1788, the Chandler School of Science and the 
Arts, 1851 ; the New Hampshire School of Agriculture and the 
Mechanic Arts, 1866 (subsequently removed to Durham and 
placed on an independent foundation) ; and the Thayer School of 
Civil Engineering, 1867. The Chandler Scientific School confers 
the degree of B. S. after a four years' course. The college proper 
confers the usual collegiate degrees and admits students on exam- 
ination and from the certificates of approved schools. 

SANBORN SEfllNARY, Kingston, Frederic T. Farnsworth, 
Principal. Fifty miles from Boston. For boys and girls. Col- 
lege preparatory and general courses. Colleges admit on princi- 
pal's certificate. Experienced teachers, well equipped laboratories, 
good library, gymnasium. Large per cent of the work elective. 
All pupils not required to do same amount of work. Location 
quiet and healthful. Tuition per term of twelve weeks, $5. Board 
in private families from $3 to $4 per week. Year begins second 
Monday in September. 

NEW IPSWICH APPLETON ACADEMY, New Ipswich, 
William A. Preston, Principal, was incorporated in 1789, and is 
thus the second oldest school of its grade in the State. Its name 
was originally New Ipswich Academy, the present title of the 
institution having been adopted in 1853 in honor of Hon. Samuel 
Appleton, from whom the school received $30,000. The academy 
is located in one of the most beautiful and healthful villages of 
southern New Hampshire, and is only three miles from Greenville, 

210 



N.J. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Blairstown. 

the terminus of the Peterboro and Shirley branch of the Fitchburg 
Railroad. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Plymouth, 

A. H. Campbell, Ph. D., Principal, was authorized by Act of Legis- 
lature in 1870, and was opened the year following. In 1890-91 
new buildings were erected. During its history 574 students have 
been graduated. The school's main purpose is strictly profes- 
sional, the training of teachers for organizing, governing, and 
teaching the public schools of the State. In connection with the 
institution are the training schools graded through a course of 
twelve years. Young men must be seventeen years of age at 
entrance ; young women, sixteen. There is a good pedagogical 
library. Tuition is free to those preparing to teach in New Hamp- 
shire ; to others it is $15 per term. The scholastic year contains, 
two terms. 

NEW HAflPSHIRE CONFERENCE SEMINARY, Tilton, 
George L. Plimpton, A. M ., President. The town in which this 
school is located is in the central part of New Hampshire, on the 
direct line of the Boston and Maine Railroad. The region is well 
known on account of the beauty of its mountain scenery and the 
healthfulness of the climate. The school, which is now in its 
fifty-fourth year, was first organized as a ladies' college, and was 
among the first institutions in the country to grant degrees to 
women. At the present time it is a preparatory school for both 
gentlemen and ladies. Besides the work of the college preparatory 
department, courses are offered in music, art, and elocution. The 
buildings are large and commodious. They are heated by steam, 
and lighted by electricity. The twelve teachers who live in the 
building have personal oversight of the students, and a resident 
nurse attends to matters of health. The yearly expense, including 
board, laundry, and tuition in regular studies, is $200. 

NEW JERSEY. 

BLAIR PRESBYTERIAL ACADEMY, Blairstown, the Rev. 
John C. Sharpe, D. D., Principal. The academy was founded in 
1848, its principal benefactor being Mr. John I. Blair, who placed 
it upon a solid financial basis, his donations amounting to about 
$600,000. The design of the school is to give pupils of both sexes 
superior advantages in preparing for college or for business at 
rates so low that persons of moderate means may enjoy the bene- 
fits of the school. Two courses of study are offered, classical 
and scientific. The charge for tuition and board is $225 per year. 
The school is located in a picturesque and most beautiful part of 
the country, being within sight of the Blue Mountains and the 

211 



Bloomficld. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. J. 

famous Delaware Water Gap. Recent improvements have com- 
pleted a most thorough equipment in both the residence and school 
departments. 

THE GERHAN THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL OF NEWARK, 

Charles E. Knox, D. D., President, Bloomfield. This institution 
was opened in 1869 for the education of young Germans for the 
ministry among their own countrymen in America. It has an 
academic and a theological department. The academic depart- 
ment has a four years' course, and leads to the theological course 
of three years. The seven years give a compacted instruction of 
the academy, the college, and the theological seminary. The 
instruction is in German and in English. The graduate is ex- 
pected to use the German or to be bi-lingual in German and Eng- 
lish. The institution is Reformed or Presbyterian in character. 

THE BORDENTOWN fllLITARY INSTITUTE, Bordentown, 
the Rev. T. H. Landon, A. M., Principal. The Institute grounds, 
on Park Street, comprise five acres, a part of which is a charming 
forest. The buildings are large and completely equipped, having 
been remodelled and enlarged in 1890. Especial attention is 
given to physical care and culture. All students participate in 
the regular drill, which is according to the Infantry Drill Regula- 
tions, United States army. Three courses of study are offered : 
Academic, scientific, and classical. Boys may be thoroughly pre- 
pared for the highest colleges and scientific schools, but those who 
desire to complete their education in the school are permitted by 
the system of electives to make their own choice of studies. The 
expenses for board and tuition in any course are $400 per annum. 

THE PRISCILLA BRAISLIN SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Bor- 
dentown, Alice G. Braislin and Mary R. Braislin, Principals, was 
opened in 1889, and offers primary, secondary, intermediate, 
academic, and college preparatory courses. The location is one 
hour and thirty-five minutes from New York via Trenton, and 
fifty-five minutes from Philadelphia. The aim of the school is that 
of three-fold education, physical, mental, and spiritual, and the 
atmosphere of the home is that of "a cultured Christian family. 
The charge for boarding pupils for the year is $400. This includes 
board and tuition in all studies and physical culture. Rates for 
day pupils vary from $20 to $30. 

IVY HALL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Bridgeton, Mrs. J. Allen 
Maxwell, is an English and classical boarding and day school, and 
was founded in 1861. Statistics prove that Bridgeton is the fore- 
most town in New Jersey in point of healthfullness. It is thirty- 
seven miles south of Philadelphia, and has the same latitude as 
Baltimore. The house is large and well arranged, and supplied 

212 



N.J. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE: 



Elizabeth. 



with modern improvements. Thorough preparation is given for 
either professional or domestic life. Board and regular tuition, 
$400. Charges for day pupils, $30 to $50. 

WEST JERSEY ACADEflY, Bridgeton, Phoebus W. Lyon, 
A. M., Principal, was founded in 1852 by the West Jersey Pres- 
bytery. It has both a boarding and a day school department, and 
occupies a fine stone building. The grounds are fourteen acres in 
extent, and there is a fully equipped gymnasium. Complete prepa- 
ration is given for college. Board and tuition, $370. Tuition 
alone, $60 a year. 

THE PINQRY SCHOOL, Elizabeth, Frank H. Robson, A. M. y 
Head Master. This school was founded by the Rev. John F. 
Pingry, Ph.D., in 1861, and continued with large success under 




his personal direction until 1892. The school was in that year 
incorporated, a new building was erected, and the school facilities 
much increased. The building has a frontage of eighty-seven feet 
and a depth of one hundred and twenty-seven feet, and contains 
laboratories, drawing-room, library, gymnasium, assembly-room, 
and has most approved lighting and ventilation. The Pingry 
School owns about four acres of land. An athletic field, with six 
lap running tracks, tennis courts, and golf links, furnishes ample 
opportunities for all forms of physical exercise. The school takes 
boys at six years of age, gives a complete elementary course and 
three academic courses : Classical, which prepares for any college ; 
scientific, which prepares for any scientific school ; general, which 
prepares for efficient business life. A corps of twelve teachers is 
employed. Provision will be made in 1899 for boarding pupils. 
Elizabeth is twelve miles from New York ; the school is well 
located, and the surroundings attractive and healthful. Tuition 

213 



Elizabeth. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. J. 

rates vary between $60 and $150 per year. Boarding pupils, $600 
per year. 

THE VAIL-DEANE SCHOOL, Elizabeth, Miss Laura A. Vail, 
Principal. This school is pleasantly situated on North Broad 
Street, Elizabeth, and furnishes special advantages because of its 
nearness to New York. The schoolrooms are well adapted for 
their purpose, and the best instructors are employed. Young 
ladies are fitted for college or for the home life. A limited number 
of students are received in the family, where no effort is spared to 
develop an earnest Christian womanhood. 

pWIGHT SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Englewood, Miss E. S. 
'Creighton and Miss E. W. Farrar, Principals, is attractively 
situated on the western banks of the Hudson River, fourteen 
miles from New York City. The departments are kindergarten, 
primary, preparatory, and academic. Smith, Wellesley, and Wells 
accept the certificate of the Dwight School, and its graduates pass 
with credit the examinations for Bryn Mawr. Native French and 
German teachers have charge of the French and German. The 
faculty numbers eighteen. Board and tuition in English, Latin, 
French, and German, $600 to $700. Tuition for day pupils ranges 
from $40 in the kindergarten to $100 in the academic. 

THE ENGLEWOOD SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Englewood, 

James B. Parsons, A. M., Principal. Englewood is a place of 
beautiful and cultivated homes, located fifteen miles from New 
York City. The school occupies a building which, in beauty and 
fitness for its object, is without superior in the State of New Jer- 
sey. The site is particularly attractive, healthy, and convenient. 
The work of the school is based upon a carefully chosen course 
of study, covering seven years, and fully meets the requirements 
of the foremost colleges and scientific schools. Tuition and home, 
including all necessary furnishings, $500 to $600. There are no 
extras. 

PEDDIE INSTITUTE, Hightstown, R. W. Swetland, A. B., 
Principal. .The school was incorporated in 1866, under the name 
of The New Jersey Classical and Scientific Institute, which was 
subsequently changed to Peddie Institute, in recognition of Mr. 
Thomas B. Peddie's gift at one time of $25,000. Its main object 
is to furnish to young men and young women academic education, 
\vhich will prepare for college or for future life. Three regular 
courses are offered : The classical preparatory, scientific prepar- 
atory, and English. Besides these, special courses are provided : 
A business course, and graded courses in music and. art. The 
Longstreet Library occupies the first story of a separate building, 
and the museum is another valuable and unique feature. A beau- 

214 



N.J. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Montclair. 



tiful din ing-hall, erected at a cost of $30,000, is provided with all 
the latest and most approved means for preparing and serving 
food. A fine athletic field, with ample room for baseball, foot- 




ball, track and field sports, and tennis, adds greatly to the attract- 
iveness of the school. The Institute sustains a voluntary cadet 
corps armed by the State. The charge per year, including tuition 
in solid branches, is $250. 

HASBROUCK INSTITUTE, Jersey City, C. C. Stimets, A. M., 
Principal, is a classical, English, and commercial school, with 
kindergarten, art school, and school of music. It was founded in 
1856. Williams, Cornell, Amherst, Smith, and Dartmouth accept 
the Hasbrouck diploma in place of an entrance examination. The 
new building is of Romanesque architecture, and constructed of 
red brick with brownstone trimmings. There are separate boys' 
and girls' departments under able management. The faculty 
numbers twenty-four specialists. Tuition per quarter, $10 to $30. 

MONTCLAIR MILITARY ACADEMY, Montclair, J. G. Mac- 
Vicar, M. A., Principal. Montclair, one of New York's finest 
suburbs, is situated on the slope of the Orange Mountains, at an 
altitude of from three to six hundred feet. In 1887 Mr. J. G. 
MacVicar was engaged by a few men as tutor for ten boys. The 
first winter the number increased to twenty-six, and a little school- 
house on Clinton Street, Montclair, was purchased. In 1888 a 
completely equipped building was erected, and in 1890 a gym- 
nasium was added. The grounds and buildings were further 
extended in 1894, leaving nothing undone that would add to 
the convenience and completeness of the school. The design 
of the institution is to give to boys and young men a critical 
preparation for the best colleges and scientific schools. The 

215 



Moorestown. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N.J. 

departments of instruction are military, physical, and scholastic, 
the first two being the means of attaining a high standard in the 
last. Each cadet receives two physical examinations a year, and 
the carefully recorded results are submitted to parents for inspec- 
tion. The academy is essentially military in discipline, regular 
instruction in military tactics being given by a commissioned 
United States army officer, and absolute military precision and 
punctuality being required of all cadets. For resident cadets the 
charge for instruction, room, board, simple mending, fuel, lights, 
use of arms and equipments, is $600 a year. 

FRIENDS' ACADEflY, Moorestown, William F. Overman, 
A. B., Principal, aims to give preparation for college, and for 
practical life under the highest Christian influences. The school 
building has the best sanitary arrangements, and the most ap- 
proved systems of heating and ventilating. The work of the 
academy is divided into four departments : Kindergarten, primary, 
intermediate, and academic. The classes are so arranged that 
the average number of pupils under instruction in recitation is less 
than fifteen. The school year is divided into two terms. Board, 
tuition, and washing average from $130 to $150 a term. 

FRIENDS' HIGH SCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN, Moores- 
town, Charles S. Moore, B. L., Principal, is arranged in four 
departments : High school, grammar school, primary, and kinder- 
garten. The school gives a good fit for any college or university. 
There is no division of the scholastic year into terms or sessions, 
all entrances in the autumn being for the entire year. Tuition 
ranges from $25 per year in the kindergarten to $60 in the 
graduating year of the high school. 

MORRIS ACADEflY, Morristown, was organized in 1791, and 
was opened in November of the following year with thirty-three 
students. The first principal was Caleb Russell, clerk of the 
county, and a Princeton graduate, under whom the school took a 
very high rank. From its opening until April, 1795, there were in 
all 269 students in attendance. Mr. Russell was succeeded in 
August, 1797, by the Rev. Samuel Whelpley, who continued 
in charge until 1805. For more than sixty years the academy 
remained the great institution of the town, attracting pupils from 
far and near. Since 1878 the academy has occupied rooms in 
the Library and Lyceum Building, erected on the site of the old 
academy. Prof. Andrew F. West was the principal, 1881-83, and 
Mr. Charles D. Platt has been the principal since that time. For 
the past eighteen years the academy has been a college preparatory 
school for boys. 

216 



N.J. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New Brunswick. 

nORRISTOWN SCHOOL, Morristown, T. Q. Brown, Jr., A. P. 
Butler, and F. C. Woodman, Associate Principals, has a high and 
healthful location. Its buildings are new and well planned, and 
the grounds include twenty acres. The curriculum is arranged to 
fit boys for college or technical school, or for the actual business 
of life. The course extends from the preparatory year, for young 
boys, up to the sixth form. The aim of the school is that of 
developing the physical, mental, and moral nature of the student 
symmetrically. Its atmosphere is that of a cultured Christian 
home. The rate is $650 a year, not including lessons in dancing, 
music, or drawing. Laundry is $10 a term additional. 

NEWARK ACADEflY, Newark, S. A. Farrand, Ph. D., and 
Wilson Farrand, A. M., Head Masters. This institution was 
organized in 1792, incorporated in 1795, and rechartered in 1855. 
It is a stock company, with the provision in its charter that all 
profits shall be applied to the improvement of the school. It 
affords a complete and thorough course of study, fitting for any 
college or scientific school, or for business life. There are three 
courses, the classical, the scientific, and the Latin scientific, each 
extending through five years. Pupils finishing satisfactorily either 
of these courses are entitled to the diploma of the academy. 

NEWARK TECHNICAL SCHOOL, 367 High Street, Newark, 

C. A. Colton, E. M., Director, was organized in 1885, and has for 
its object the advancement of the manufacturing interests of the 
city and State in the line of technical and industrial education. 
It is open to both sexes. For the full course of study there is no 
charge for tuition to residents of Newark. 

RUTGERS COLLEGE, New Brunswick, Austin Scott, Ph. D., 
President, was chartered as Queen's College in 1766, and has two 
departments, the Classical School, and the Scientific School. In the 
former a college course is offered occupying four years, and lead- 
ing to the degree B. A. Five distinct courses are included in 
the Scientific School : Agriculture, civil engineering and mechanics, 
chemistry, electricity, and biology. To all graduates of the Scien- 
tific School, in full standing, the trustees grant the degree of B. S. 
Graduate degrees conferred by the college are M. A., M. S., Ph. D., 

D. Sc., and C. E. The College Library contains 35,500 volumes; 
the faculty numbers thirty-two. A feature of the institution is its 
system of student self-government. A university extension de~ 
partment is in successful operation, and the Rutgers College Pre- 
paratory School of New Brunswick is an affiliated institution, 
under the direction of the college board of trustees. There are 
nine principal buildings, including an unusually fine gymnasium, 
the gift of Robert F. Ballantine, Esq., of Newark, N. J. Annual 
tuition in both Classical and Scientific School is $75. 

217 



Newton. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



N.J. 



NEWTON COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Newton, is situated 
more than eight hundred feet above sea level, among the hills of 
northern New Jersey. The location is unusually healthful, and 
there is absolutely no malaria. The fifteen-acre campus and 
large gymnasium afford ample opportunity for physical develop- 
ment. The teaching, which is addressed to the individual pupil, is 
extremely thorough. The school prepares for college, scientific 
school, and business. In modern languages only native teachers 
are employed. The art department is under the supervision of the 
principal, Julian C. Pla, who received his training in the best 




CLOVERSIDE. 



Paris art schools, and the music is in charge of a graduate of the 
Royal Conservatory of Stuttgart. The total expense for one year 
is $300. 

"CLOVERSIDE," a home school for girls, Nutley, Miss Eliza- 
beth Timlow, Principal. The school building, an attractive, com- 
fortable place, stands on Nutley Heights, only forty-five minutes' 
ride from New York City, so that on Saturdays the girls are often 
taken to some one of the many places of interest in or about that 
city. Cloverside attempts to justify its title of " Home School," 
and great care is taken to make the home life bright and happy. 

218 



N.J. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Princeton. 

The regular school course embraces all the studies necessary for 
thorough college preparation, but for the girls who do not wish 
to go to college advanced work is arranged in every line. No 
pupil is held to a fixed grade. Especial attention is paid to 
English, much of this work being given in the form of lectures, of 
which written abstracts are required. Original individual work is 
also required. The expense of board, room, and tuition in Latin, 
English, and French is $550 per annum ; use of the piano, $10; 
seat in church, $5 ; laundry, $25 ; German, $40 ; and instruction in 
music, art, and dancing is given at the master's charges. 

PASSAIC COLLEGIATE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS AND 
CHILDREN, 124 Lafayette Avenue, Passaic, N. Louise Buck- 
land, Principal, was opened on September 25, 1895. It has grown 
steadily, and now enrolls more than fifty pupils. The school begins 
with kindergarten and fits girls for the best colleges for women. 
Board and tuition, $550. Tuition, from $60 to $200 per year. Boys 
are received in the younger classes. 

THE HENRY C. DE MILLE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 

Pompton, Mrs. H. C. de Mille, Principal, is healthfully located 
among the Ramapo Hills at an elevation of five hundred feet 
above sea level. The grounds cover seventy-six acres ; the school 
buildings are new, well ventilated, heated with hot water, and 
lighted by gas. Military discipline and practical instruction in all 
details of housekeeping are among the features of the school. 
Students and teachers form really one large family. There are 
primary and intermediate grades, and junior and senior depart- 
ments. A strong point is the individual attention given to each 
girl. Terms for the school year, including board and regular 
tuition, are $400 for pupils in the primary grade, and $500 for 
older students. 

THE PRINCETON PREPARATORY SCHOOL, Princeton, 
John B. Fine, Head Master, has been in existence for twenty-three 
years, and was incorporated under a Board of Directors in July, 
1895. It is situated about one mile from Princeton, and its prin- 
cipal aim is that of preparing a limited number of boys for 
entrance to any department of the university. No boys under 
fourteen are received, and only those are admitted who intend to 
take a college course. The school grounds comprise about ten 
acres, and the master's house, where all resident pupils live, is 
steam heated, electric lighted, and fitted up with all modern 
appliances. The full annual charge is $500. 

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, the Rev. Francis 
Landry Patton, LL. D., President. The first charter of Princeton 
was granted in 1746. The plan of its godly founders was to estab- 

219 



Princeton. WHERE TO "EDUCATE. N. /. 

lish an institution " in which ample provision should be made for 
the intellectual and religious culture of youth desirous to obtain a 
liberal education, and more especially for the thorough training of 
such as were candidates for the holy ministry." A second charter, 
more liberal in its provisions than the first, was granted in 1748, 
and was confirmed and renewed by the New Jersey Legislature 
after the War of the Revolution. The corporation, therein styled 
" the Trustees of the College of New Jersey," were given power to 
hold and administer the college property, to make laws for the 
government of the institution, to choose the president and faculty, 
and to confer degrees. The college was opened at Elizabethtown, 
thence was removed to Newark, and soon afterward (1753) to 
Princeton. Nassau Hall, still standing, was built during the 
next two years. Among the early presidents, one notes the dis- 
tinguished name of Jonathan Edwards. Princeton Theological 
Seminary was founded in 1812 ; in 1875 tne J onn C. Green School 
of Science was established ; in 1875 the Department of Civil Engi- 
neering, and in 1889 the Department of Electrical Engineering. 
During the presidency of Dr. James Me Cosh, which began in 1868, 
Princeton increased its endowment and the number of instructors, 
erected new buildings, and in general entered on. its modern period 
of expansion, yet it was not until 1896, the i5oth anniversary of 
the signing of its first charter, that the name of the institution was 
changed from College of New Jersey to Princeton University. The 
departments are : Academic ; School of Science, including besides 
general scientific courses the sub-departments of civil and elec- 
trical engineering; the graduate department; and the affiliated 
theological school. All candidates for admission must take 
examinations, which are for the most part written. The follow- 
ing degrees are conferred by the University : A. B., B. S., C. E., 
E. E., A. M., M. S., Ph. D., and D. Sc. As to material equipment, 
Princeton is behind few of our leading universities. Of its 225 
acres of land, 140 are reserved for the campus. Its buildings 
number over thirty, many of which are magnificent. The nine 
fully equipped laboratories conducted by the different departments 
include the Laboratory for Experimental Psychology, founded in 
the academic year 1893-94, and furnished with the costliest 
modern apparatus. The library of the University has over 182,000 
books, not including pamphlets and duplicates. The faculty con- 
tains nearly one hundred names, the alumni list over eight 
thousand, and the roll of undergraduates about eleven hundred. 
Undergraduate life centers to a large extent about the two venera- 
ble societies, Clio and Whig, which were founded during the early 
days of the college in the last century. They own libraries of ten 
thousand books each, and occupy beautiful white- marble buildings 
of a purely Grecian type of architecture, with monolith columns. 

220 



N.J. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Summit. 

No one except members is permitted to enter their doors. Many 
of the most eminent statesmen of America have received their first 
training in debate within the walls of these historic fraternities. 
Class as well as society spirit used in the old days to reach dan- 
gerous heights, but if no less intense to-day it is less demonstra- 
tive. Princeton undergraduates deserve great credit for having 
inaugurated several years ago the now widely adopted " Honor 
system " in examinations, and athletic enthusiasts have not for- 
gotten that it was a Princeton man who revised the Rugby rules 
and adapted the game of foot-ball for American colleges. Prince- 
ton is liberally provided as regards fellowships, prizes, scholarships, 
and aid funds. Annual expenses average considerably under $500. 
Tuition in the academic department is $150; in the scientific 
department it is $160, with additional laboratory fees and inci- 
dental charges. 

THE CALHOUN- CHAMBERLAIN SCHOOL, a boarding 
school for girls, 200 and 202 Maple Avenue, Red Bank, Miss J. 
E. Calhoun and Miss H. P. Chamberlain, Principals. Red Bank 
is rich in its beautiful walks and drives, and the locality is gener- 
ally healthful. The school building is sanitary, modern, and 
thoroughly equipped. The gymnasium is large, light, and airy, 
and well supplied with apparatus. Especial attention is given to 
language, music, and art, together with a complete college prepara- 
tory course. Pupils in art receive careful instruction in drawing, 
oil and china painting. Only a limited number of pupils are 
admitted. The charge for home pupils for the year is $450. 

KENT PLACE SCHOOL, Summit, Mrs. Sarah Woodman Paul, 
A. B., Principal, is a boarding and day school for girls, founded in 
1894. It is under the direction of the Summit School Company, 
of which Mr. Hamilton Wright Mabie is president, and its purpose 
is that of thoroughly preparing young women for college or for the 
duties of home and society. There are four departments : Primary, 
intermediate, academic, and college preparatory. The charge for 
boarding pupils, including board, tuition, and plain washing, is 
$600. Rates for day pupils vary from $80 to $175. 

SUMMIT ACADEMY, Summit, James Heard, A. M., Principal. 
The school is located on the Orange mountains about twenty miles 
from New York City, having an elevation of more than four hun- 
dred feet above the level of the sea. The school building is 
modern in all its appointments, having sanitary plumbing, sewer, 
an absolutely pure water supply, hot water system of heating, 
and electric lights. The course of instruction is arranged to 
prepare boys for college, the government schools, and mercantile 
life. Its graduates have always taken high rank in college or 

221 



Woodstown. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. J. 

become successful business men. Some of its pupils have dis- 
tinguished themselves in the recent war with Spain. A limited 
number of resident pupils are received who are considered mem- 
bers of the family and are cared for individually in all that pertains 
to their moral, physical, and mental welfare. The duties and 
courtesies of every-day life are carefully observed, and, while the 
pupil enjoys the comforts and refinements of home, he is under a 
strict system of discipline that is maintained firmly yet kindly. 
The charges for day pupils are from $100 to $150 a year; for 
resident pupils, $500. 

BACON ACADEHY AND KINDERGARTEN, Woodstown, 
Belle W. Hannum, Principal, is a day school for both sexes under 
the care of a committee of Pilesgrove Monthly Meeting of Friends. 
Woodstown station, on the West Jersey and Seashore Railroad, is 
within five minutes' walk of the school, and special rates may be 
obtained for students coming on trains. Pupils holding diplomas 
of Bacon Academy are admitted without examination to the 
freshman class at Swarthmore College. Tuition per quarter (ten 
weeks) ranges from $3 in the first year of the kindergarten to $9 
in the high school. 

NEW MEXICO. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW HEXICO, Albuquerque, C. L. 
Herrick, President, was incorporated by an act of the Territorial 
Legislature of 1889, and the location fixed at Albuquerque. The 
regents secured the necessary amount of land required by the 
enacted law and began the erection of a suitable building as soon 
as their funds would permit. In May, 1892, the building was com- 
pleted and accepted by the board of regents. On June 15, 1892, 
the normal department of the University was opened, and on Sep- 
tember 21, 1892, the preparatory department was opened and 
the normal department continued. The University has been in 
successful operation for six years, having conferred, during this 
time, twenty diplomas of graduation and many certificates of 
satisfactory work in more limited courses of study. The standard 
of work has steadily risen, and the facilities for the study of the 
liberal arts and sciences are being continually increased to meet 
the growing demands of the community. Material development 
has kept pace with internal growth, and the University, with its 
commodious buildings and growing apparatus and library, can 
now offer better facilities for study and scientific research than 
ever before, embracing a wide variety of subjects taught by spe- 
cialists in every branch. During the year just completed rapid 
progress has been made. The teaching force has been almost 
doubled, and the college courses have been placed on a par with 

222 



N. V. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Annandale. 

those of Eastern colleges. The departments of research have 
been opened and a good beginning made in the organization of 
an economic survey of the Territory. It rests with the people 
of the Territory to realize the promise of the rising institution. 



NEW YORK. 

ALBANY FEMALE ACADEflY, 155 Washington Street, 
Albany, Lucy A. Plympton, M. L. A., Principal. This is a board- 
ing and day school. It entered upon its eighty-fifth year May i, 
1897, and claims to be the oldest institution in the world founded 
expressly for the higher education of women. It is designed to 
afford a complete and thorough education from the youngest 
school age upward. Board and tuition for the year. are $425. 

ST. AGNES SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Albany, the Rt. Rev. 
W. C. Doahe, D. D., LL. D., President, Ellen W. Boyd, Principal. 
A careful supervision is given the home life and studies of the 
girls. There are four regular courses of study, besides special 
branches. Graduates of the school are now in Cornell, Radcliffe, 
Bryn Mawr, Smith, and Vassar Colleges. The terms are $500 per 
year. 

ALFRED UNIVERSITY, Alfred, Boothe Colwell Davis, Ph. D., 
President, had its origin in a select school established in 1836 and 
incorporated as the "Alfred Academy" in 1843. The University 
under its present name was incorporated by the State in 1857. 
The academy is retained as a preparatory school. The college and 
theological departments were instituted, and since then three other 
departments have been added : Music, fine arts, and industrial 
mechanics. All of these are open to both sexes. The endowment 
and property are rapidly growing. There are now about $250,000 
of invested funds, and the total value of the property is nearly half 
a million dollars. Eight buildings are distributed over a pictur- 
esque campus of twelve acres. They include laboratories, the 
University observatory, and a library of more than twelve thousand 
volumes. Separate gymnasiums are provided for young men and 
young women. Three four-year courses of study in the College of 
Liberal Arts lead to Baccalaureate degrees : The classical, the phil- 
osophical, and the scientific. Alfred, while not sectarian in spirit, 
is preeminently a Christian college. The estimated annual expense 
varies from $144 to $240. 

ST. STEPHEN'S COLLEGE, Annandale, the Rev. George B. 
Hopson, D. D., Acting Warden. The course of study of this Prot- 
estant Episcopal school is that of any literary college. No theology 

223 



Aurora. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

is taught, although the studies are arranged more especially for 
young men intending to enter the ministry. Greek, Latin, history, 
English, mathematics, philosophy, and the sciences form most of 
the four-year curriculum. The degrees conferred are A. B. and 
A. M. The expenses per annum, including board, washing, room, 
and fuel, are $225. There is no charge for tuition. 

WELLS COLLEGE, Cayuga Lake, Aurora, William Everett 
Waters, Ph.D., President. The existence of "Wells College" 
dates from March 29, 1870, though its charter as "Wells Seminary 
for the Higher Education of Young Women " was granted March 
28, 1868. Mr. Henry Wells, originator of the Wells Fargo Express 
Company, gave the main building and land, and the college was 









endowed by the Hon. Edwin B. Morgan, of Aurora, whose wife in 
1879 erected Morgan Hall. In 1888 the main building, with its 
contents, including the college library, was destroyed by fire, but 
through the generosity of its friends a new and superior main 
building was erected in 1890. The Rev. Edward S. Frisbee, D. D., 
was president of the college from 1875 unt ^ l8 94, when Doctor 
Waters, a graduate of Yale, was elected his successor. In November, 
1894, all the preparatory work in the college was abolished, and 
since that time all instruction given by the faculty has been of 
strictly collegiate grade. The degrees of B. S. and B. L. have been 
discontinued, and one course, beginning with purely required work 
and gradually allowing an increasing election, is offered to all who 
expect to graduate. This course leads to the degree of B. A. The 
college is strictly undenominational. The charge for tuition, board, 
heat, light, furnished rooms, and washing is $400 per year. 

224 



M Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Brooklyn. 

THE NEW YORK STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND, 

Batavia, Gardner Fuller, A. M., Superintendent, was established by 
the State of New York for the education of boys and girls whose 
sight is so defective as to debar them from the privileges afforded 
by the common schools of the State. The literary course of study 
is the same as that pursued in the high schools of the State, the 
pupils taking the examinations prescribed by the regents of the 
University for all secondary schools. The music department offers 
its pupils the advantages of a thorough course of training in music, 
both vocal and instrumental. In the industrial department, the boys 
are trained in piano and organ tuning, broom making, chair caning, 
mattress making, etc. ; the girls in sewing, with the use and care 
of sewing-machine, knitting, crocheting, and all kinds of house- 
work. The grounds are extensive and beautiful, affording ample 
room for recreation and physical exercise. A fine gymnasium 
forty-two by eighty-four feet is now in process of construction. 
This will be fully equipped with the best and most approved 
apparatus for the physical training which is so essential to the blind. 
The school is free to those of school age resident in the State. 

STATE NORflAL SCHOOL, Brockport, David Eugene Smith, 
Ph. D., Principal, situated on the N. Y. C. R. R., seventeen miles 
from Rochester. Large campus, with abundant facilities for lawn 
and field sports, fine stone buildings, large library and reading- 
room. Tuition and text-books free to normal students. Gymnasium. 
Attendance in the normal department is five hundred. 

ADELPHI COLLEGE AND ADELPHI ACADEMY, Lafay- 
ette Avenue, St. James Place, and Clifton Place, Brooklyn Borough, 
New York City, C. H. Levermore, Ph. D., President, has both col- 
legiate and preparatory departments. The college, a natural out- 
growth of the older academy, was incorporated by the unanimous 
vote of the regents of the University of the State of New York in 
1896. The degrees issued by Adelphi bear the seals of both the 
University and the college. Students who complete the required 
amount of work in the classical or literary course to the satisfaction 
of the faculty will receive the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; in the 
scientific course they will, under similar conditions, receive the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Science. All courses in Adelphi College are 
open to women. There are seven divisions of the academy : The 
kindergarten and primary department, the grammar department, 
the sub-collegiate department, the collegiate department, the kin- 
dergarten training-class, the art department, and the department of 
physical culture. The collegiate course of the academy is distinct 
from the college, and comprises two years of study, which is, as a 
rule, identical with the work of the freshman and sophomore years 
in the college curriculum. Adelphi in all departments has over 

225 



Brooklyn. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



N. Y. 



one thousand students. Rates of tuition (per quarter, in advance), 
primary and grammar, $12.50 to $32.50; sub-collegiate and col- 
legiate, $37.50 to $40 ; college, $40 to $45 ; teachers' courses, 
direction course, per semester, $10; residence course, per course, 

fe5- 

BEDFORD ACADEflY, 57-67 New York Avenue, Brooklyn 
Borough, New York City, Dr. George Rodemann, Principal, offers 
a preparatory school for boys, together with a primary department 
for boys and girls, and a kindergarten. A boy may receive his 
whole training here from nursery to business life or college. Girls 
are fitted for Packer Institute. Among the advantages are small 
classes, with 'resulting close individual attention to pupils, daily 




ADEI.PHI COLLEGE. 



physical training in indoor and outdoor gymnasiums, military 
drill, large, light schoolrooms, well aired and well heated, and 
sanitary plumbing throughout the building. There are four 
terms, including a summer term. Tuition per term, $10 in kinder- 
garten to $45 in last year of academic. 

BERKELEY INSTITUTE, 183-185 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn 
Borough, New York City, Julian W. Abernethy, Ph.D. (Yale), 
Principal, was incorporated in 1886, and belongs to the system of 
federated colleges and schools constituting the University of the 
State of New York. It is situated in the highest part of the city, 
two blocks from the main entrance to Prospect Park. The material 
equipment and building accommodations leave little to be desired, 
and the fact that the building stands quite detached from any other, 
with a broad, open space on each side, deserves note. Berkeley 
Institute comprises five departments : Kindergarten, primary, pre- 
paratory, junior, and senior. There are also two special depart- 

226. 



AT. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Brooklyn. 

merits, the art department and the department of physical 
culture. The entire work of these departments covers fourteen 
years. The faculty of twenty members are specialists in their 
respective departments, and maintain a standard of scholarly ex- 
cellence that few preparatory schools can equal. Graduates of 
Berkeley are admitted to the best colleges on certificate. The 
charge for tuition per quarter varies from $12 in the kindergarten 
department to $40 in the final year of the senior department. 

THE BROOKLYN COLLEGE OF PHARflACY, Brooklyn 
Borough, New York City, was organized under a charter granted 
by the Legislature of the State of New York, in 1886, to the Kings 
County Pharmaceutical Society. The college was opened in the 
fall of 1891, for the instruction of young men and young women 
in the art and practice of pharmacy. The course extends over two 
years, leading to the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy (Ph. G.). A 
post-graduate course of an additional year is open to all graduates 
in pharmacy, and leads to the degree of Doctor in Pharmacy 
(Phar. D.). This school requires four years practical experience 
in a pharmacy as a requisite for the diploma. There are four de- 
partments, viz. : Organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, theory and 
practice of pharmacy, and materia medica, botany, and pharmacog- 
nosy. The faculty contains nine instructors and four assistants. 
The attendance last year was 109 students, seven of whom were 
women. The year 1898-99 begins September 26, 1898, and closes 
April 20, 1899. Tuition, $65. E. H. Bartley, M. D., Dean. 

THE PACKER COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Joralemon Street, 
Brooklyn Borough, New York City, Truman J. Backus, LL. D., 
President. The Institute was founded by Mrs. Harriet L. Packer 
in 1854, and stands upon the site previously occupied by the 
Brooklyn Female Academy. It offers unusual advantages for 
systematic training in primary, academic, and collegiate instruc- 
tion. The building is adapted to the needs of a thoroughly 
graded school, and is spacious, healthful, and perfectly equipped. 
The corps of instructors is large, and its members are all thor- 
oughly competent. The tuition for the complete collegiate course 
is $175; for the academic course, $140; for the preparatory 
course $120 ; and for the primary course, $80. No extra charges 
are made. 

PRATT INSTITUTE, Brooklyn, Frederic B. Pratt, Chairman 
of the Faculty, was founded in 1887 by Charles Pratt, Esq., of 
Brooklyn. Beginning with twelve pupils, its enrolment grew to 
2,561 in less than ten years. From an institution organized dis- 
tinctly for instruction in the trades, it has developed into its pres- 
ent organization by natural growth of ideas, and the force of 

227 



Buffalo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

experience and circumstances. The first department organized 
was known as the art department. In 1888 were added the 
women's department, later designated as the department of 
domestic science ; the department of mechanic arts, now known 
as that of science and technology ; the regular course, since de- 
veloped into the high school ; and the courses in phonography and 
typewriting, afterward the department of commerce. In 1888, 
also, the library was opened. In 1889 the department of music 
was organized; in 1891 the department of kindergartens ; and in 
1893 the department of museums, which has organized and super- 
vised the various collections of the Institute. The result has been 
the consolidation of some departments, the differentiation of others, 
and the exclusion of still others. The present and approved organ- 
ization includes seven : High school, department of fine arts, of 
domestic art, of domestic science, of science and technology, of kin- 
dergartens, and of libraries. A special feature of the Institute is the 
practical training of teachers. The school, indeed, has four distinct 
aims in view : Educational, normal, technical, supplementary, and 
special. Not less noticeable than the development of the courses of 
instruction have been the enlargement of the buildings, and the ex- 
tension of the equipment. The Institute is provided with a liberal 
endowment, and is able to secure the best talent and facilities for the 
maintenance of its work. In the high school department students 
are not only prepared for intelligent citizenship, but are also fitted 
for any college they may elect. Valuable courses in manual train- 
ing are given for both sexes. The library of Pratt Institute con- 
tains nearly sixty-five thousand volumes, and extends the privilege 
of drawing-books to any citizen of Brooklyn, or to any visitor in 
the city who can furnish a suitable guarantor. The school year 
is divided into three terms for day classes, and two terms for even- 
ing classes. Tuition for a term of three months in the high school 
is $15 for day classes; for evening classes, free. In the various 
normal courses it is $25 per term. In other departments of work 
it varies widely. 

CANISIUS COLLEGE, Buffalo, conducted by the Jesuit 
Fathers, was opened in 1870, and incorporated in 1883 by the 
regents of the University of the State of New York, with full 
power to confer degrees. There are two departments : academic 
and collegiate. The object of the former is that of affording to 
pupils who have completed the parochial or public school a four 
years' classical course preparatory to college. The law student 
certificate of the regents of the University of the State of New 
York may be obtained after the third year of the academic 
course ; the medical student certificate is granted after the 
fourth year of the academic department. The object of the 

228 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Canandaigua. 

collegiate department is a liberal education equal to that of any 
college, and leading to the Bachelor's degree. Much attention is 
given to oratory and philosophy, and, among other branches of 
instruction, " the German language, on account of its great practi- 
cal importance, its valuable literature, and its intimate connection 
with the English language, is obligatory." The obligatory subjects 
are arranged in such a manner as to give during each academic 
year a well balanced development of the various faculties of the 
mind. While elective studies are limited in number, instruction 
is given to those wishing jt in French, Hebrew, music, drawing, 
modelling, and shorthand. For boarders, board and tuition per 
quarter is $60 ; for day pupils, tuition per quarter is $10. 

MR. HAW LEY'S PREPARATORY SCHOOL FOR YOUNG 

HEN, Buffalo, Lucius E. Hawley, A. M., Principal. The aim of 
the school is to prepare young men for college. The number of 
pupils is limited to twelve. The instruction is largely in the 
nature of private tutoring, and, with the exception of French and 
German, is given wholly by the principal. The charge for tui- 
tion is $200 per year. For boarding pupils the annual charge is 
$400, which includes room, board, washing, and tuition. 

BUFFALO ACADEMY OF SACRED HEART, 749 Wash- 
ington Street, Buffalo, is the outgrowth of a small school founded 
in 1874 by the Sisters of St. Francis. The academy has recently 
been incorporated under its present name, with the power to con- 
fer diplomas. The curriculum is thorough, and includes an ad- 
vanced course, similar to a high school course, providing for a 
complete classical, scientific, and business education, and a pre- 
paratory course divided into juvenile and elementary departments. 
Every facility is given students who wish to try the regents' 
examination of the State. 

ST. JOSEPH'S COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Buffalo, is 
under the direction of the Christian Brothers, whose aim is to give 
to the students confided to their care a Christian and liberal 
training which will fit them for the practical duties of life. Three 
courses are provided : The classical, the scientific, and the commer- 
cial, each three years in length. A preparatory department for 
pupils of seven years of age and upwards fits them for the regular 
courses. (In the classical course, special attention is given to 
Latin and English.) The tuition fee is $50 per year. The cost 
of tuition and luncheon at the Institute is $100 per year. 

GRANGER PLACE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Canandaigua, 
Samuel Cole Fairley, Principal. A high grade college preparatory 
and finishing school in the beautiful lake region of the Empire 
State. Buildings are equipped with the latest sanitary devices, 

229 



Cazenovia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

and are elegantly furnished throughout. Single beds with hair 
mattresses. Table appointments far above the average. The 
instructors are college bred and sure of their ground. Certificate 
is accepted by leading colleges. Exceptionally strong music de- 
partment. Outdoor life encouraged. Golf, tennis, two basket- 
ball teams. 

CAZENOVIA SEHINARY, Cazenovia, the Rev. Carlton C. 
Wilbor, D. D., Ph. D., President. The village is a health and 
summer resort, easily accessible by railroad from all parts of the 
State. The group of substantial school buildings includes a new 
gymnasium. There are few secondary schools that have better 
laboratory equipment, or a larger library. The Seminary 
possesses every facility for giving a thorough college preparation. 
Co-education has proved successful in Cazenovia. The govern- 
ment of the school is mild, but firm and preeminently Christian. 
Among the well-known alumni of the Seminary may be named 
Gov. Leland Stanford, Senator Joseph R. Hawley, Charles Dudley 
Warner, and Bishop John P. Newman. Expense for board and 
tuition for academic year of forty weeks, $196. 

CHAPPAQUA MOUNTAIN INSTITUTE, a boarding school 
for boys and girls, Chappaqua, Albert R. Lawton, A. M., Princi- 
pal. The school building was completed in 1886, and is thoroughly 
modern and convenient. The courses of study offered are a result 
of much careful consideration, and are arranged according to the 
generally accepted idea favoring the pursuit of but three leading 
studies at one time. Special attention is given to physical culture, 
systematic exercise being compulsory excepting in case of physi- 
cal disability. Separate gymnasia are provided for boys and girls, 
and attention is given to the individual needs of all pupils. The 
charges, including board, washing, and tuition in any of the regular 
courses, are $300 per annum. 

HA/IILTON COLLEGE, Clinton, has an honorable history 
of eighty-seven years. The school from which it grew into a col- 
lege in 1812 was founded 1793 by the Rev. Samuel Kirkland, 
revolutionary chaplain at Fort Stanwix. The site of the college is 
lofty and beautiful. The buildings, eleven in number, are ample 
in accommodation. The faculty numbers eighteen men. The 
library has forty thousand volumes. The gymnasium and athletic 
field are complete. The five laboratories are exceptionally good. 
The discipline in rhetoric and oratory has always been of marked 
excellence. The courses are two, with Greek and without, and are 
symmetrically planned with abundant electives. The college is 
Christian, but under no denominational control. The standards of 
expense are moderate. A man's purse is not made the criterion 

230 




Y. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. Corn-wall-on-the-Hudson. 



of welcome or regard. One can be comfortable upon $400 a year. 
The alumni of Hamilton are a body of aggressive and successful 
men. The President is M. Woolsey Stryker. 

HOUGHTON SEMINARY, Clinton, A. G. Benedict, A.M., 
Principal. This school for girls, established as Houghton Semi- 
nary in 1861 and chartered in 1881, is thorough and comprehen- 
sive in its course of study, and reaches far into the domain of the 
college. Its location is beautiful and healthful, and it is the 
representation of the school home. It offers a college preparatory 




course, advanced courses, and remarkably thorough courses in 
modern languages, vocal and instrumental music, elocution, physi- 
cal culture, and English. The annual expenses for board, limited 
plain laundry, tuition in English, French, German, Greek, and 
Latin, are $450. 

CORNWALL HEIGHTS SCHOOL, Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, 
the Rev. Carlos H. Stone, Ph. D., Principal, was established by the 
Rev. Dr. Loius P. Ledoux in 1867. This school for boys is fifty- 
three miles from New York and has excellent railway and steamboat 
connections. It is eight hundred feet above sea level, and com- 
mands a magnificent view. The building is three stories in height 
and has been supplied with every modern convenience. A helpful 
home life is the aim of the institution, and to the end that each 
pupil may have personal oversight the number of students is 
limited. Government is less by threats and punishments than by 
appeals to manliness and personal honor. The scientific course 
prepares for the best technical schools, and the classical course 

231 



Cornwall-on-the-Hudson. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

not only meets but exceeds the requirements for admission to 
colleges of the highest grade. This school is cordially recom- 
mended by Dr. Lyman Abbott, Mrs. Amelia E. Barr, and many 
others. Annual charges, $650. 

THE NEW YORK HILITARY ACADEMY, Cornwall on-the 
Hudson, Sebastian C. Jones, C. E., Superintendent ; Benjamin 
Lee Wilson, B. A., Head Master. The academy was established 
to provide a place where young men can pursue their studies 
under the immediate supervision of their teachers, with whom 
they must reside. The location is beautiful, and the buildings 
handsome, ample, and well constructed. The discipline is dis- 
tinctively military. In connection with the academy is a prepara- 
tory department known as Bard Hall, established in 1888. The 
expenses for the school year are $420 for the preparatory and $500 
for the academic department. 

WESTMINSTER SCHOOL, Dobbs Ferry, W. L. Gushing, 
A. M., Head Master, was founded in 1888. It is on the line of 
the New York Central Railroad, and is reached from New York 
in forty minutes. The school buildings are situated on the east 
bank of the Hudson, overlooking the Palisades. No expense has 
been spared in the use of material and appliances to conform to 
the latest demands of sanitary science. The instruction and the 
training of the school are designed to prepare boys for college. 
An uninterrupted six years' course secures the soundest equip- 
ment. Therefore pupils are received preferably at the age of 
eleven or twelve. The charge for tuition and the general living 
expenses amounts to $700 a year. For two boys occupying the 
same room the charge is $600 each. The cost of tuition for day 
pupils is $200. 

ST. MARY'S fllDDLE ACADEMIC, Dunkirk, Rev. F. 
Stephen, C. P., was granted a charter under the University of the 
State of New York in 1894. The school is under the direction of 
the Passionist Fathers. The academic course covers four years, 
including work in first, second, and third year English, algebra, 
plane geometry, physics, physical geography, physiology, United 
States history, New York history, English history, civics, book- 
keeping, and drawing, with two years in Latin, French, or German. 
Elective work in other academic studies furnishes enough to secure 
the forty-eight counts necessary for a regent's diploma, the same 
being required for graduation. 

nUNRO COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Elbridge, Milo D. Her 
ron, Principal, was founded and endowed by Nathan Munro in 
1834. It has been one of the foremost college preparatory schools 
of the Empire State. The academy building is a massive brick and 

232 



yV. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Fort Plain. 

stone structure, well lighted, heated, ventilated, and well arranged 
for the necessities of school work. Every apartment is carefully 
cared for. It is equipped with all the accessories necessary 
to the best instruction. The courses are under the control and 
supervision of the University of the State of New York, and are 
as thorough as it is possible to make them. Certificates from the 
principal admit the holders to various colleges without examina- 
tion. 

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, Fordham, the Rev. T. J. Campbell, 
S. J., President, is situated in the extreme northern section of the 
metropolis. It was opened in 1841. The administration was in 
the hands of secular priests until 1846, when the college was pur- 
chased by the Fathers of the Society of Jesus. In the same year 
the act of incorporation was passed by the New York Legislature, 
raising the college to the rank of a university, with the power to 
grant all degrees usually granted by any other university. The 
college estate embraces seventy-five acres, and the principal build- 
ings number seven, all built of stone, steam heated, and lighted 
by electricity. There are three departments : The college proper, 
the academic department, the grammar department. Admission 
to the college is by examination or approved certificate. The 
degree of A. B. is conferred at the end of the college course. 
Master of Arts is conferred on graduates after satisfactory exam- 
ination upon the completion of a year of post-graduate study. 
An officer of the United States army is professor of military 
science and tactics. All students are required to engage in 
military drill. Tuition and board per annum, $300. 

FORT EDWARD COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Fort Edward, 
Joseph E. King, D. D., President, was chartered by the regents 
and opened for students December 7, 1856. During its co-educa- 
tional period, which extended to 1889, it registered over thirteen 
thousand students. Of these about one hundred and forty entered 
different colleges, but to the great majority the Institute was a 
finishing school. Since 1889 it has been devoted exclusively to 
the education of young women and girls. The school is thor- 
oughly Christian, though not denominational. It gives a com- 
plete college preparation, and has representatives at present in 
Wellesley. Smith, and Vassar. There are departments of music, 
art, elocution, and business. The rates are exceptionally mod- 
erate. 

CLINTON LIBERAL INSTITUTE and Military Academy, 
Fort Plain, William C. Joslin, A. M., Principal. The distinc- 
tive features of the Institute are home life and military disci- 
pline. Military discipline is considered an invaluable part of 
the curriculum, cultivating habits of punctuality, neatness, and 

233 



Geneva. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

obedience as well as of healthful and recreative exercise. Aca- 
demic preparatory, college preparatory, scientific and technical, 
English and literary, each four years in length, are among the 
principal courses offered. The business courses are one and two 
years in length, and lead directly to practical life. Courses in 
music and elocution are also offered. The expenses per year for 
board, tuition in the regular courses, heat, light, and washing are 
$300 for cadets, $275 for girls. For day pupils the tuition ranges 
from $30 to $40 per year. 

HOBART COLLEGE, Geneva, the Rev. Robert Ellis Jones, 
D. D., President, was chartered in 1825 under the title, "Geneva 
College," but the educational movement of which it is an out- 
growth dates from many years earlier. The college was named 
for Bishop John Henry Hobart, as a result of whose labors the 
Episcopal Theological School at Fairfield was removed to Geneva 
in 1821 to form the nucleus of a college for liberal culture. In- 
struction was begun in 1822, and "the class graduated in 1826 
was the first .class graduated from any Episcopal college estab- 
lished since the American Revolution." The institution was 
scantily endowed, and its early years represent heroic struggle on 
the part of president and faculty. The present success and in- 
fluence of the college, however, justify the devotion of the 
founders. The grounds cover over fifteen acres ; there are about 
ten fine buildings ; the library has forty thousand volumes, and 
the physical and chemical laboratories, observatory, gymnasium, 
cabinets, and Museum of Natural History meet all . the require- 
ments of modern college life. The location, which overlooks on 
the east Seneca Lake, and on the west the "Ridge," with its 
lawns and villas, is one of unexampled beauty. Three four years' 
courses of study are offered : The classical, the course in letters 
and science, and the course in letters with Latin. 

COLGATE ACADEMY, Hamilton, Frank Lucius Shepardson, 
A.M., Principal. The history of the institution begins in 1853, 
when a grammar school was opened under the supervision of Col- 
gate University to give preparation for collegiate work. The 
academy proper was established in 1873, being erected and 
endowed by James B. Colgate, as a memorial to his parents. The 
school has the exclusive use of five buildings. It offers three 
distinct courses of four years each, preparing young men either 
for college or the scientific school. Tuition is $45 a year. Board 
and room may be obtained from $3.50 to $6 a week. 

COLGATE UNIVERSITY, Hamilton. This institution was 
founded in 1818, and was known from that time until 1846 as the 
Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution, and from 1846 to 

234 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Hamilton. 

1890 as Madison University. In 1890 a change of name was 
made to Colgate University. The school was originally founded 
for the purpose of preparing young men for the Christian minis- 
try, it being the first school established by Baptists in America 
distinctively for ministerial education. The original school has 
developed into three departments : Colgate Academy, the Col- 
lege, and the Hamilton Theological Seminary. All of these are 
under one president and board of trustees, though each has its 
own faculty and administrative head. The purpose of the found- 
ers to train young men for the Christian ministry has never been 
neglected by their successors, but the students in the academy 
and college have in view a variety of callings, and its alumni 
are found in all walks of life. The property of the University is 
worth about half a million dollars, and it has an endowment of 
about a million and a half. Each of its separate schools is 
equipped in the most thorough manner for its special work. 
Standards of scholarship are high, and expenses extremely mod- 
erate. 

HAMILTON THEOLOGICAL SEHINARY OF COLGATE 
UNIVERSITY, Hamilton,. Sylvester Burnham, Dean of the Faculty. 
On the twenty-fourth of September, 1817, the Baptist Education 
Society of the State of New York was organized near the village 
of Hamilton " for the purpose of educating pious young men to 
the gospel ministry." On March 5, 1819, the society was granted 
a State charter, and a school known as the Hamilton Literary and 
Theological Institution was formally opened in May, 1820. Twice, 
in 1840 and again in 1843, the society applied to the State Legis- 
lature for a collegiate charter, but without success. In 1846 the 
application was made by a few friends of the institution, acting 
in the interest of the society, and a charter with full university 
privileges was granted to a corporate body named Madison 
University. This new body took charge of the entire preparatory 
and collegiate part of the work, and assumed the expenses for 
instruction in the theological seminary, leaving its management, 
however, to the Education Society. The completion of Eaton 
Hall, in 1886, provided the seminary with a building devoted 
exclusively to its use, and enabled it to enter upon a stronger and 
more independent life than was before possible. In 1890 the 
name of the University was changed from Madison to Colgate, in 
grateful recognition of the liberal gifts of the Colgate family to 
the institution. In June, 1893, the theological seminary was 
mads a department of Colgate University. Its administration 
was given to the University board, but it still remains under the 
inspection and care of the Education Society. Though primarily 
for the training of young men for the Baptist ministry, the semi- 

235 



Ithaca. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

nary welcomes students of all denominations, and admits those 
who, not having the ministry in view, desire to pursue a course of 
theological study in order to fit themselves more fully for the 
service of Christ. The courses of study are three, designated 
respectively as the full course, the Greek course, and the English 
course. The full course leads, conditionally, to the degree of 
Bachelor of Divinity. There is no charge for tuition. The rooms 
in Eaton Hall are supplied with furniture, and are free of rent. 
All students are charged $5 per term for incidentals, and the price 
of board in clubs or families is from $2 to $3.50 a week. 
Students for the ministry, of suitable character and talents, may 
receive aid from the Baptist Education Society of the State of 
New York. Information regarding the amount and conditions 
of help should be addressed to the corresponding secretary of the 
Education Society, Rev. H. S. Loyd, Hamilton, N. Y. 

CASCADILLA SCHOOL, Ithaca, Charles V. Parsell, A. M., 
Principal, was established in 1876 " as a school of special instruc- 
tion for Cornell University students and for those preparing for 
the University." An increasing demand for a strictly college 
preparatory school of high standard led to its entire reorganization 
in 1890. In that year its special University instruction was 
abandoned, and it has since devoted itself with marked success 




to the work of fitting for Cornell and other leading colleges. In 
point of healthfulness the elevated location is unsurpassed. The 
buildings have all been erected since 1890, and are exceptionally 
complete in their appointments. The attendance is limited to 
sixty-five in order that personal attention may be given each pupil ; 
day students are not accepted. The athletic grounds of thirteen 
acres, new boathouse (for the use of all the athletic teams), and 

236 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Ithaca. 



gymnasium provide ample opportunities for bodily training. As to 
the character of the intellectual discipline, the testimony of Presi- 
dent Schurman, of Cornell, is : "I believe the Cascadilla School 




to be one of the best preparatory institutions in the country." One 
year of elementary work and three of advanced are included in 
the course of study. Annual charge for home and tuition, $650. 

CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, Jacob Gould Schurman, 
A. M. (London), D. Sc. (Edinburgh), LL. D. (Columbia), Presi- 
dent. Cornell was incorporated by the New York State Legislature 
in 1865, and opened to students in 1868. By the Land Grant Act 
of 1862 the State of New York obtained 990,000 acres, the pro- 
ceeds of which were to go to the endowment and maintenance of 
at least one college, the purpose of which should be, while not 
excluding other studies, to give instruction in such branches of 
learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts. It 
was by the union of the money realized for this land and the 
munificent donation of Ezra Cornell that the University was 
founded. Mr. Cornell's high ideal, " I would found an institu- 
tion where any person can find instruction in any study," was 
easily reconciled with the aim of the government, and another 
great university took its place beside Yale, Harvard, Columbia, 
and Princeton. Its total property is now $9,378,499.19, and the 
income for 1897-98 was $643,050.73. Mr. Cornell's first gift 
amounted to over half a million dollars, and it was increased by 
later gifts to about $750,000. Hon. Henry W. Sage gave the 
University $1,125,000, approximately. Hiram Sibley, John Mc- 
Graw, Andrew D. White, Daniel Fayerweather, Hiram W. Sibley, 
Dean Sage, and William H. Sage have given, all together, a little 
over $1,000,000. But most (about $4,125,000) has come from an 
investment in Western lands made by Ezra Cornell, and carried to 
success by Henry W. Sage. From the outset the institution was 
co-educational and emphatically non-sectarian. The situation of 
the University is unique, the campus occupying a high plateau 

23? 



Keuka College P. O. WHERE TO EDUCATE. AT. Y. 

between two deep canyons, and overlooking Cayuga Lake. There 
are over twenty handsome buildings, including Sage Chapel and 
Sage College, the gifts of the Hon. Henry W. Sage, Barnes Hall, 
the gift of the late Alfred S. Barnes, Esq., and the University 
Library, given also by Mr. Sage. The library now embraces 
213,000 books and 35,000 pamphlets. It has an endowment of 
$300,000 given by Mr. Sage, and grows at about twelve thousand 
volumes a year. The library of the College of Law in Boardman 
Hall contains over twenty-five thousand volumes. Cornell is 
administered by a board of thirty-nine trustees. The University 
comprehends the following departments and colleges : Graduate 
Department, Academic Department (or Department of Arts and 
Sciences), College of Law, College of Civil Engineering, Sibley 
College of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanic Arts, College 
of Agriculture, College of Architecture, New York State Veter- 
inary College, New York State College of Forestry, and the 
Medical College. The faculties of Cornell University are the 
University faculty, the faculty of arts and sciences, of law, of 
civil engineering, of mechanical engineering, of architecture, 
of agriculture, of veterinary medicine, of forestry, and of medicine. 
The Graduate Department is under the charge of the University 
faculty. Admission to the University is on regents' diploma, on 
certificate of graduation from a high school of approved standing 
(under specified conditions), by examination, or as a special stu- 
dent. The degrees conferred include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor 
of Law, Bachelor of the Science of Agriculture, Bachelor of Archi- 
tecture, Civil Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Bachelor of the 
Science of Forestry, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Veterinary 
Medicine, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy. In addition 
to the regular academic year, there is a summer term for the 
especial benefit of teachers and advanced students. In 1897-98 
the whole number of students at Cornell was 2,131, of whom 166 
were graduates, 203 were in the summer schools, and 93 in the 
winter school in agriculture. The instructing staff numbered 225. 
Of the students, 624 were in the academic department. Free 
tuition is annually given to 5 1 2 State students, and thirty-six hold- 
ers of University undergraduate scholarships receive $200 each. 
There are twenty-three fellowships in value from $500 to $2,000 
each, and eighteen graduate scholarships worth $300 each. The 
tuition fee in the College of Law and in the academic department 
is $100 ; in all other courses, except the medical course and for 
special students, it is $125, and for medical students, $150. 

KEUKA COLLEGE, Keuka College P. O., was opened in 
1890. It is located on a beautiful slope on the west side of Lake 
Keuka in the township of Jerusalem, Yates County, N. Y. Its 

238 



AT. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Long Island. 

grounds include one hundred and sixty acres of land, on which is 
a growing college settlement, a district school, an academy, sum- 
mer assembly grounds, a college, stores, money-order post-office, 
electric railroad, and electric lights. The main college building 
is of brick, trimmed with stone, two hundred by sixty-five feet in 
size, and five stories high, the most beautiful building in the 
county. Jerusalem is free from saloons. The aim of the com- 
bined schools is to take students from the primary class to full 
college graduation, giving a thorough and inexpensive course from 
first to last. Over fifty families now compose the college settle- 
ment, enjoying special school advantages, free from the diversions 
and perversions of city life. The total cost per student for tuition, 
board, room, heat, and incidentals, is only $150 a year. The 
faculty now consists of twelve professors and teachers, and the 
endowment amounts to $100,000. Inquiries should be addressed 
to Dean Edward C. Hayes, Keuka College, N. Y. Geo. H. Ball, 
D. D., President ; Z. F. Griffin, B. D., Secretary and Treasurer. 

GENESEE WESLEYAN SEMINARY, Lima, the Rev. B. W. 
Hutchinson, President, was founded in 1830, and from the day of its 
founding* has been one of the leading institutions of its kind in 
the Empire State. The location in Lima leaves almost nothing 
to be desired, being eighteen miles south of Rochester on the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad, in one of the most charming localities of 
western New York. The school has a splendid campus, with three 
well equipped buildings, and the faculty numbers twelve instruc- 
tors, specialists in their respective departments. Young men and 
young women are admitted to all departments on equal terms. It 
is preeminently a home boarding school, the provision for the 
home life and instruction of the young women being superior. 
The management aims to have a Christian institution free from 
sectarianism. This seminary was a pioneer in the introduction of 
" social training," giving particular attention to the aesthetic in 
manners and life, and the reputation acquired in this respect has 
drawn many students during the past fifteen years. In addition 
to college preparatory courses, there is a teachers' training class, 
and instruction is given in music, art, elocution, and business. 
Expenses less than $200 per year. 

KYLE MILITARY INSTITUTE, German-American boarding 
school for boys, Flushing, L. I., is probably one of the most inter- 
esting schools in greater New York. The number of pupils is 
limited to forty-five, and although it gives no summer vacation, 
the boys find plenty of enjoyment. In order to keep the young 
minds occupied the most important lessons are gone over morn- 
ings. Afternoons, the boys " fall in " and march to the Institute's 
bathhouse on Flushing Bay. There are seven teachers ; one of 

239 



Long Island, WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. K 

these instructors is continually with the boys from rising to retir- 
ing. During the fall, winter, and spring months the school exer- 
cises are strictly carried out. German is taught colloquially and 
grammatically, and boys, who enter the school ignorant of the 
language, are able, as a rule, to speak it fluently in less than a 
year. Great attention is paid to military drill and gymnastic 
exercises. The progress of each pupil is marked every day, and 
at the end of the month a report is sent to his parents. The 
expenses are $350 per year (twelve months) for tuition and board, 
including text-books, copy books, stationery, ordinary mending of 
clothes, and laundry. 

ST. JOSEPH'S ACADEflY, Flushing, L. L, is under the direc- 
tion of the Sisters of St. Joseph, and under the immediate patron- 
age of the Rt. Rev. C. E. McDonnell, D. D., Bishop of Brooklyn. 
The course of study is thorough and extensive, embracing all the 
branches of a solid and ornamental education. The classes are 
divided into senior, preparatory, and junior departments, hav- 
ing separate recitation rooms and dormitories. As the academy 
is affiliated with the University of the State of New York, those 
who successfully complete the requisite course of study receive 
diplomas. While a Catholic school, the academy welcomes girls 
from Protestant homes, and employs no undue influence over their 
religious opinions. Board and tuition, with English and French, 
$260 per year. Music and art courses extra. 

CATHEDRAL SCHOOL OF ST. MARY, Garden City, L. L, 
Miss Elizabeth L. Kones, Principal. This Episcopal school was 
founded by the late Mrs. Cornelia M. Stewart, widow of Mr. Alex- 
ander T. Stewart. The school is liberally endowed, and awards 
two scholarships and three prizes. The course of study is divided 
into primary, intermediate, and academic departments, the two 
latter comprising four years each. In the academic department 
instruction is given in college preparatory studies. The terms for 
day pupils in the intermediate department are $120, and in the 
academic, $175. For boarding pupils the charge is $600. Instruc- 
tion in music, drawing, painting, and dancing is also provided, for 
which extra charges are made. 

ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL, Garden City, L. I., Frederick L. Gam- 
age, A. M., Head Master. St. Paul's School for boys was founded 
and endowed by Mrs. Cornelia M. Stewart, as a memorial to her 
husband, Alexander T. Stewart. The object of the school is the 
thorough preparation of young men for college and the scientific 
schools, and the development of Christian character. The course 
of instruction, though not confined to those subjects required for 
entrance to college, is designed to cover six years. Applicants 

240 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Manlius. 

for admission should be at least eleven years of age, and have a 
fair knowledge of arithmetic, grammar, reading, and spelling. The 
charge for tuition, board, and laundry is $600. The tuition for 
day pupils is $200. 

FRIENDS' ACADEMY, Locust Valley, L. I., R. Grant Bennett, 
A. M., Principal, was founded by the late Gideon Frost, in 1876, 
and is under the regents of the State of New York. It is situated 
in a farming community, half a mile from Locust Valley, a station 
on the Oyster Bay Branch of the Long Island Railroad, thirty 
miles east of New York. Ample grounds and a newly erected 
brick building, furnished with every modern equipment, constitute 
a valuable plant. There are two departments, primary and aca- 
demic, the latter including a classical and a scientific course. The 
school admits both day pupils and boarders ; it prepares for col- 
lege, and offers a good general education for those who cannot 
take a collegiate course. Board and tuition in the English branches 
for school year, $150. 

LOWVILLE ACADEMY, Lowville, Lewis County, William H. 
Perry, Ph.D., Principal, has been in session since 1808, the year 
of its charter, without the omission of a term. Four regular 
courses of study are given : Classical and college preparatory, 
Latin scientific, academic, English. The first three are four 
years' courses, the English a three years' course. Music and 
oratory are taught by specialists, and there is a thorough teachers' 
training class. According to Secretary Dewey's report, the Low- 
ville students earned more credentials in the regents' examina- 
tions of 1897 than those of any other academy in the State. 
Home and tuition per year come to $150. 

ST. JOHN'S SCHOOL, Manlius, Col. William Verbeck, Super- 
intendent, was founded in 1869 by the Right Rev. Frederic D. 
Huntington, Bishop of Central New York, and has ever since been 
successful. Its location is ten miles from Syracuse, on the line of 
the Chenango Branch of the West Shore Railroad. It is also 
connected with Syracuse by a convenient electric line, with a ter- 
minus at the school. The situation of the school buildings is on 
high ground, with excellent natural drainage. Although within 
easy access of all parts of the country, cadets, by its location, are 
removed from the evil influences that surround larger towns. The 
appointments of the school edifice are complete. It was built 
with express reference to educational uses, and is provided with 
special securities against accident and ill health. It has all the 
modern improvements, is heated by steam, and lighted with elec- 
tricity. The school has a primary, a grammar, and an academic 
department, the last named offering five courses, as follows : Civil 

241 



Mohegan Lake. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

engineering, classical, special, practical business, and a brief busi- 
ness course. A post-graduate course gives opportunity for ad- 
vanced work in mathematics, science, language, and history. The 
school is under the direct patronage of the War Department. 
The Secretary of War has detailed an officer of the army, under 
full pay, to take charge of the military department, and also has 
furnished the school with a complete outfit of artillery, small arms, 
and equipment. The names of such students as have shown 
special diligence in their work are sent by the adjutant-general 
of the army to the adjutants-general of the different States. Then 
names of the three most distinguished students are inserted on 
the United States Army Register, and published in general orders 
at Washington. The expenses for the school year are $500. 

MISS BILLINGE'S SCHOOL, Mohegan Lake, Miss Louise 
Billinge, Principal. This preparatory boarding school for young 
ladies and children, is designed to furnish the attractions of home, 
in addition to the routine school work. English receives special 
attention. Besides the elementary studies, the course of instruc- 
tion includes literature, history, astronomy, philosophy, and the 
languages. Music and needlework are also taught. The terms 
for board, including instruction in the English branches, German, 
and French, are $500 per annum. 

THE HISSES LOCKWOOD'S COLLEGIATE SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, Mount Vernon. Two regular courses of study are pro- 
vided. The collegiate course includes all work prescribed by the 
colleges as necessary for entrance. The English classical course 
meets the needs of those desiring a thorough education, but not 
intending to go to college. Special courses are arranged for those 
who desire them. The college preparatory department is preceded 
by primary and intermediate departments. The terms for resident 
pupils, including tuition, board, and laundry, are $600 per year. 
The charges for lessons in music, art, and dancing are extra. 

STATE NORnAL SCHOOL, New Paltz, F. S. Capen, Ph. D., 
Principal, is divided into four departments : Normal, academic, 
intermediate, and primary. In the normal department are three 
courses of study : The English course, occupying three years ; the 
scientific, three and a half years; and the classical, four years. 
In the academic department there are three courses of study. 
The intermediate department comprises five grades, and the 
primary department four. Tuition and text-books are free to 
pupils who reside in the State. Non-residents pay in advance a 
fee of $20 per term of twenty weeks. Tuition in the academic 
department is $5 per quarter of ten weeks in the common English 
branches, and $6 per quarter in the advanced subjects. 

242 



W. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF THE DRAHATIC ARTS, 

the Lyceum School of Acting and Empire Theatre Dramatic 
School, New York City, Franklin H. Sargent, President, aims to 
do for the American student what the French Conservatoire and 
Theatre Frangais has done for the French, and furnish practical 
means of theatrical training. The academy makes provision for 
special students in the arts of speaking, reading or reciting, teach- 
ing, and in all social and theatrical accomplishments. It is gov- 
erned by rules which are enforced in all well regulated theatres, 
and its further organization follows the example of the leading 
colleges of the day. Besides the regular course of instruction 
there is a preparatory, an elocution, a literary, a stage manage- 
ment, and an evening department. Admission is by examination, 
the-fee for which is $10. The tuition fee for the first year's work 
is $400 ; for the second, $300. 

THE AflERICAN VETERINARY COLLEGE, 141 West S4th 
Street, New York City, Alexander F. Liantard, M. D., V. M., Dean, 
was incorporated and organized in 1875 under the General Laws 
of the State of New York; reincorporated and reorganized in 
1888 by r special act of Legislature of the State of New York. 
This offers seven general courses of study : Descriptive and sur- 
gical anatomy, physiology, chemistry, theory and practice, materia 
medica and therapeutics, surgery, obstetrics. All graduates are 
eligible to membership in the U. S. Veterinary Medical Association. 
Fees for the collegiate year amount to $370. 

THE BARNARD SCHOOL, 117-119 West 1251)1 Street, New 
York City, William Livingstone Hazen, A. B., LL. B., Head Master. 
This school was founded in June, 1886, and first opened for stu- 
dents in September of the same year. New buildings were erected 
on the original site in 1887 and 1893, and still more recently an 
additional building fronting on 12 6th Street has been procured and 
adapted to the necessities of modern class-rooms. The latest 
and most approved methods of heating, lighting, and sanitation 
have been applied to all the school buildings, and no pains or 
expense have been spared to make this an ideal home for boys, 
A large gymnasium is fitted up with the best apparatus, the school 
has regular military drill, and there is ample provision for out-of- 
door sports. The library contains over five thousand volumes, and 
the general scholarly reputation of the school is very high. From 
the newly organized kindergarten department to the graduate year 
in the high school department, the instruction imparted is as 
thorough as it is popular. The sum of $600 covers the whole 
yearly expense, tuition, board, laundry, etc. 

243 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

THE BERLITZ SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES, head office, 
Madison Square, New York City, M. D. Berlitz, N. A. Joly, and 
Paul Rogez, Directors and Proprietors. The first of these insti- 
tutions was established in May, 1878, and its success led to the 
opening of branches in many American and European cities. 
Modern languages are taught by native teachers, by a method 
peculiar to the Berlitz School, and productive of the most satis- 
factory results in the shortest time. The tuition for any one 
language, in regular classes of from three to eight members, 
one lesson a week, is $38 for the school year of forty weeks ; for 
five lessons a week, $70. 

THE BREARLEY SCHOOL of New York City, was founded in 
1884 by Samuel Brearley, A. B., of Harvard, and of Belloit Col- 
lege, Oxford. It was intended to represent, in the education of 
girls, a part of the general contemporary effort toward a higher 
standard of performance in secondary school work. A new school 
seemed specially called for at that time by a lively movement in 
New York toward obtaining for girls the advantage of a college 
education. At his death in 1886 the school was taken up by the 
patrons and became a corporation school. It has been developed 
and carried on chiefly by these concerned in establishing the Har- 
vard examinations for women in New York, and in the founding 
of Barnard College. The school sends yearly a quota to college, 
the best pupils having respectively taken the Harvard entrance 
scholarship for women (now existing no longer), and other similar 
scholarships. No other private school in New York has interested 
itself so much in this work, or shown any such record of perform- 
ance by its pupils. The president of the corporation at present is 
Charles C. Beaman, Esq. The master is James G. Croswell, A. B. 
(Harvard). The home of the school is in a building erected for it 
by the corporation on West Forty-fourth Street. The number of 
pupils in attendance is two hundred, and the numbers of -teachers 
employed is thirty-five, exclusive of extra tutors and " coaches." 

CLASSICAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 2034 Fifth Avenue, 
New York City, Mrs. Helen M. Scoville, and Miss Edith L. Cooper, 
Principals. The school, entering upon its sixteenth year, Septem- 
ber 28, 1898, is pleasantly situated near Mt. Morris Park. It has 
five departments of instruction : Primary, junior, preparatory for 
college, advanced, and graduate. Pupils of the college preparatory 
course are admitted on certificate to Wellesley, Smith, Vassar, 
and Mt. Holyoke Colleges. The history of art is carefully 
coordinated with history, literature, and music. Frequent visits 
to galleries and a series of illustrated lectures supplement this 
course, the object being to ensure first impressions and the power 
of independent judgment. The work of the department of music, 

244 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

under the direction of Albert Mildenberg (a pupil of Rafael 
Joseffy), has won the entire approval of the music-loving friends 
of the school. During the coming winter a series of receptions, 
recitals, and musicales will be given, at which the young ladies 
will meet friends of the school, eminent in the world of literature 
and art. Board and tuition per year, $800. The only extras are 
laundry work, seat in church, and instruction in music. 

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY OF THE CITY OF NEW 
YORK, 115-117-119 West Sixty-eighth Street, New York City, 
Charles F. Chandler, Ph. D., LL. D., President, comprises chemi- 
cal and pharmaceutical departments, and departments of botany, 
physiology, pharmacognosy, and materia medica. On completing 
the full two years' course of study the student is entitled to receive 
the diploma of Graduate in Pharmacy, or the degree of Ph. G. 
"With separate laboratories for each department, fitted with the 
most modern and approved apparatus, and with the classes divided 
into small sections, the students receive the greatest amount of 
individual instruction," says the college announcement, " given by 
any college of pharmacy in the world." The fees (not including 
fees for extra and special courses) are $100 per year. 

COLLEGE OF ST. FRANCIS XAVIER, 39 West Fifteenth 
Street, New York City, the Rev. Thomas E. Murphy, S. J., Presi- 
dent. This school for day scholars only was founded in 1847, 
and is conducted by the Jesuit Fathers. It was endowed by the 
regents of the University of the State of New York with full col- 
legiate powers and privileges in 1861. The regular four years' 
college course differs from that of other colleges only in that no 
studies are elective, and that in the senior year much attention is 
given to philosophy. Graduates receive the degree of A. B. The 
academic department is a three years' preparatory course for the 
collegiate department. The grammar department admits boys 
from nine to fifteen years of age, and fits them for the academic 
course. The tuition and library fees are $15.50 per quarter. 

COLLEGIATE SCHOOL, 241-243 West Seventy - seventh 
Street, New 'York City, L. C. Mygatt, L. H. D., Head Master, is a 
private school for boys, founded by Adam Roelantsen in 1633, an d 
therefore the oldest institution of learning in America, antedating 
Harvard by three years. The present principal is the eighteenth 
successive schoolmaster, and the record of pupils is complete from 
1792 to date. A complete preparation for any college or scientific 
school is supplemented by a special course for those wishing mer- 
cantile training only. Physical training is a part of the regular 
routine in all classes. The building, designed especially for the 
school, is adequate and modern. Tuition per annum, $100 in 
primary to $300 in last two years of senior division. No extras. 

245 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

COLUMBIA GRAMMAR SCHOOL, 34 and 36 East Fifty 
first Street, New York City, B. H. Campbell, A. M., Head 
Master, was founded in 1764, and had its origin as a preparatory 
department of Columbia College, and such it continued to be for 
many years. The trustees of the college subsequently transferred 
the school to the late Dr. Charles Anthon, and under this great 
scholar's direction it reached the first rank in thorough classical 
and English instruction, a position it has ever since maintained. 
The purpose of the school is two-fold : First, to prepare boys for 
entrance to the leading universities of the country, their depart- 
ments of law, medicine, and science ; and, second, to give such 
training to those not wishing to enter college as shall fit them for 
business life. The number of boys in each class is kept small, in 
order to secure the proper amount of individual attention. The 
school building and grounds leave little to be desired. Terms for 
the school year: $150 in first form to $350 in the sixth. A 
deduction of seven per cent, to two or more brothers ; of twenty- 
five per cent, to sons of clergymen. 

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York City, Seth Low, LL. D., 
President. Though founded more than a century later than 
Harvard, and over half a century later than Yale, Columbia is 
still, as things are reckoned in America, a very old institution. 
It was established under the name of King's College in 1754 on 
the " King's Farm," a tract of land overlooking the Hudson River. 
Its royal charter provided that the governing board should include 
ministers not only of the Church of England, but also of several 
non-conformist religious bodies, and these governors were ex- 
pressly forbidden " to exclude any person of any religious denomi- 
nation whatever from equal liberty and advantages, or from any 
of the degrees, liberties, privileges, benefits, or immunities of the 
said college, on account of his particular tenets in matters of 
religion." The first class, graduated in 1760, had eight students, 
and they received instruction until the new building was ready 
in the vestry-room of the schoolhouse connected with Trinity 
Church. Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and other eminent 
patriots were educated in the young college. It v^as suspended 
for a time during the Revolution, since the president, a royalist, 
was compelled to flee to England ; meanwhile the college build- 
ings served the purpose of a military hospital. The institution 
was revived in 1784 under the name of Columbia College. The 
first student to enter under the new regime was De Witt Clinton. 
The subsequent history of Columbia College has been one of 
constant growth and additions. Buildings were multiplied and 
departments created as necessity or interest demanded. A medical 
faculty had been formed as early as 1767, but it was permitted to 

246 



JV. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

resign in 1814 to form the faculty of the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons. The latter institution became in 1860 an affiliated, 
and in 1891 an integral, part of Columbia University. As early 
as 1798 James Kent held a professorship of law in Columbia, and 
it was here that Kent first delivered his lectures, since famous as 
the Commentaries on American Law. It was, however, as late as 
1858 before the Columbia Law School was formally organized. 
In 1864 a School of Mines, now the School of Applied Science, 
was founded, and in 1880 the School of Political Science, the first 
of its kind in any English-speaking country, was established. It 
has had more than one thousand students, and maintains a high 
reputation at home and abroad. Barnard College for women was 
incorporated in 1889, the School of Philosophy dates from 1890, 
and the School of Pure Science from 1892. The Teachers' 
College, founded in 1889, has just been added to the University, 
forming its School of Pedagogy. The officers of instruction in 
the University number three hundred, the students over twenty- 
five hundred, the alumni over fifteen thousand. With few excep- 
tions admission to the college is upon written examination. All 
candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts are required to have 
an elementary knowledge of both French and German. In the 
case of students offering Greek at entrance, one modern language 
is necessary for admission, and a course in the second modern 
language is required during the first year. The degrees conferred 
by the University include : Bachelor of Art, of Laws, of Science, 
of Philosophy, Doctor of Medicine, of Philosophy, Master of 
Arts, Engineer of Mines, Civil Engineer, Electrical Engineer, 
Metallurgical Engineer, Mechanical Engineer. Honorary degrees 
are : Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Sacred Theology, Doctor of 
Letters. The institution, properly speaking, consists both of a 
college and of a university. The former is still known as Columbia 
College ; the latter embraces the professional and technical schools. 
Each school is governed by its own faculty, which is in turn 
responsible to the University Council, made up of the president, 
the deans of the several faculties, and one elected member of 
each faculty. This in turn is under the primary jurisdiction of 
the self-perpetuating board of twenty-four trustees, who hold office 
for life. The University is made up of the following faculties : 
Law, philosophy, medicine, political science, pure science, peda- 
gogy, and applied science. The faculty of applied science con- 
ducts the schools of mines, chemistry, engineering, and architec- 
ture. All the schools, except the medical, bear the name of their 
faculty. The latter is known as the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons. The recent erection of new buildings on Morningside 
Heights, grouped about the superb library, with its more than a 
quarter of a million books, presents Columbia with new responsi- 

247 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

bilities and advantages. Her scope has been enlarging from year 
to year, and with it her increased need of funds to meet the new 
opportunities. Fortunately, while not over-rich for the work she 
has in hand, Columbia possesses a larger property, endowment, 
and income than any American university, unless one or two. 
And she is generous with her wealth. Twenty-four " University 
Fellowships," amounting to $500 each, thirty "University," besides 
many other scholarships, and numerous prizes are among the 
provisions for aiding and encouraging worthy students. Tuition 
is from $150 to $200, with additional fees in the different schools. 
A certain percentage of deserving students receive free or reduced 
tuition. 

THE COflSTOCK SCHOOL, 32 West Fortieth Street, New 
York City, Miss Lydia Day and Miss A. M. Reed, Principals. 
The school was first opened in 1862 by Miss M. L. Comstock, 
who retired in 1885. The work was then continued by Miss 
Lydia Day. The location of the school is one of the most 
accessible in the city, and at the same time quiet and healthful. 
The rooms are high, sunny, and well ventilated. The number of 
pupils is limited, and the instruction is entirely under the personal 
direction of the principals. Every effort is made to teach the 
pupils how to study, how to think for themselves, and how to 
express thoughts clearly. To young ladies desiring a special 
course in languages, literature, history, music, or art, every advan- 
tage will be afforded, and arrangements made for attending lec- 
tures, concerts, operas, and art exhibitions. The terms for board 
and tuition in all branches are $900 per year. 

THE CURTIS SCHOOL, Sherman Square, New York City, 
O. M. Curtis, A. M., Master, prepares boys for the best technical 
and scientific schools, for college, and for business or professional 
pursuits. Four boarding pupils will be accommodated in the 
home. Tuition: Primary section, $125; intermediate, $200; 
junior, $250; senior, $400. 

THE CUTLER SCHOOL, 20 East Fiftieth Street, New York 
City, Arthur H. Cutler, Ph. D., Principal, is designed to prepare 
boys for college or school of science. Since 1876 245 pupils have 
graduated, and most have entered Harvard, Yale, Columbia, or 
Princeton. There are three departments : Primary, junior, and 
senior. Most undergraduates are from eight to nineteen years 
old. There are about one hundred pupils in the senior depart- 
ment, and as many in the junior, with twenty-three teachers 
connected with both. Ample facilities for athletic and gymnastic 
training both within doors and without. 

248 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Xew York. 

THE DAHEin PREPARATORY INSTITUTE, 342 Lexing- 
ton Avenue, New York City, was founded in 1891 as a preparatory 
school for boys and girls. The Principals, Hermann Siegel and 
Amalie von Kori-Siegel, are native Germans, who have made the 
study of this language a main feature of the school. It is begun 
in the kindergarten, and is carried on through all other grades as 
a special subject. It is a school exclusively for American children, 
and is well known for its excellent and thorough fundamental 
education in all English branches. Its location on Murray Hill 
makes it accessible to the best elements of New York's population. 

FRIENDS' SEMINARY, 226 East Sixteenth Street, New 
York City, Edward B. Rawson, B. S., Principal. The Seminary, 
for both boys and girls, is under the care of the New York 
Monthly Meeting of Friends. Although a denominational school, 
it is, in accordance with true Quaker principles, entirely non- 
sectarian. Its location, opposite Stuyvesant Square, its large 
playgrounds, its spacious rooms and detached position, give it 
unique advantages in a crowded city. The course of study ranges 
from the kindergarten to preparation for college, and includes the 
languages, science, and manual training. The classes are small, 
and the pupils are treated as individuals. The price of tuition, 
depending upon grade, ranges from $48 to $200 a year. The 
school is for day scholars only. 

HEBREW TECHNICAL INSTITUTE, 34 and 36 Stuyvesant 
Street, New York City, Edgar S. Barney, A. M., Principal, has for 
its object the education of Jewish boys of limited means in such 
studies as will best fit them for success in mechanical trades. It 
was founded in November, 1883, by the cooperation of the Hebrew 
Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society, the United Hebrew 
Charities, and the Hebrew Free School Association, and was 
incorporated by an Act of the Legislature, January 10, 1884. The 
instruction is carried on in a thoroughly fire-proof, perfectly lighted, 
and well ventilated modern school building. Tuition, books, and 
tools are furnished free. 

THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR EDUCA= 
TIONAL TRAVEL IN EUROPE AND THE EAST. This 
institution, under the direction of S. J. Christen, offers unpar- 
alleled opportunities to boys and young men for learning the 
modern languages in a very pleasant and practical way, and for 
finishing their education. Students will be admitted from the age 
of fifteen upwards. Each group of nine will be put in the care of 
a master or director fully competent to instruct as well as to guide 
them aright, a person of the highest reputation and whose charac- 
ter is a model for his pupils. They will also have local masters, 

249 




250 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

specialists, who will lecture to them upon scientific subjects, arts, 
etc., without in any way interfering with the attendance at public 
lectures. The complete course comprises three years : One 
year's residence in France, one in England, and one in Germany. 
During the winter of each year two months will be spent in Italy, 
with occasional trips to Spain, so that the students who go through 
the three years' course will have learned enough of the four prin- 
cipal languages of Europe to be able to make a practical use of 
them. The charges are from 250 pounds sterling upwards. This 
sum includes all expenses for board, tuition, and travelling, but 
not those of outfit and pocket money. The representative for the 
United States, from whom all information may be gained, is Miss 
H. N. Hannay, Presbyterian Building, 156 Fifth Avenue, New 
York City. 

ANNEX OF THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTION. Under the care 
of the General Director there will also be opened an Annex in 
Switzerland, where a general and linguistic education will be 
given. Here we can admit boys from twelve years of age, and 
only a limited number, in order that they may enjoy the privileges 
of family life. Their board and tuition will be 160 pounds a year, 
but this will entitle them, after a three years' course of study, to a 
tour through Europe without any extra charges, except those of 
the teacher who would accompany them. 

IRVING SCHOOL, 54 West 84th Street (near Columbus Ave- 
nue), New York City, Louis Dwight Ray, Head Master. This 
school offers to its patrons the following advantages : Sound prac- 
tical instruction, influence of good associates, professional teachers 
only, a physical and chemical laboratory, manual training, indoor 
and outdoor gymnasium, full and exact reports, location accessible 
from every part of the city, a building used for school purposes 
only, modern books of reference in actual use. The school is 
divided into a primary department, the lower division and the 
upper division, and the school prepares for any college or scientific 
school in the United States. Terms are as follows : Primary 
department, $125 to $150; lower division, $150 to $225; upper 
division, $225 to $350. No extras. 

LA SALLE ACADEMY, 44-50 Second Street, New York 
City, is under the direction of the Brothers of the Christian 
Schools, and holds a charter from the regents of the University 
of New York. There are four departments : Primary, interme- 
diate, commercial, and academic. In the academic department, 
the classical and scientific courses meet all the preliminary educa- 
tion requirements of the, regents of the University of the State 
of New York for admission to college. 

251 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

J. H. MORSE'S SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 423 Madison Avenue, 
New York City, J. H. Morse, A. M., Principal, aims to supply 
a broad, sound education leading to the best universities. The 
courses of study, running through primary, intermediate, and 
academic departments, are continuous, so that boys entering at 
the age of eight waste no time, but are often prepared for college 
at sixteen, and, if of average ability, rarely later than eighteen. 
The school year lasts from the first of October to the second week 
in June. At the close of the spring term, the members of the 
graduating classes, intending to take college examinations, accom- 
pany the principal to his summer home on Cape Cod, where the 
work of the last two weeks of preparation is varied by boating, 
swimming, and an outdoor life on the seashore. Tuition, $150 to 
$300, according to the age and advancement of the pupil. 

THE NEW YORK COLLEGE OF flUSIC, 128 and 130 East 
58th Street, New York City, Alexander Lambert, Director, was 
incorporated by the State of New York in 1878. Its course of 
study includes eight grades, grouped under four general divisions : 
Elementary, preparatory, intermediate, and advanced. The plan 
of instruction is by private or individual teaching. Terms of 
tuition vary widely with the subject taught. 

NEW YORK INSTITUTE FOR THE BLIND, 412 Ninth 
Avenue, New York City, William C. Schermerhorn, President. 
The school recognizes that blind children must grow up and live 
under the same social conditions which surround other people, 
and that the objects sought for in their education cannot differ 
materially from the objects which require the education of other 
children. The selected subjects will all be found among the sub- 
jects pursued in the ordinary schools, but preference is given to 
those which are adapted to the conditions of blind students. 
Those subjects which can be presented orally and by tangible 
symbols take first place, while those requiring graphic illustration 
are less important. The kindergarten, primary school, high school, 
professional school are all represented. The school is supported 
by State and invested funds. 

NEW YORK LAW SCHOOL, Cooper Union Building, New 
York City, George Chase, LL. B., Dean, was incorporated in 1891. 
It follows the famous " Dwight method " of instruction so success- 
fully carried out for over thirty years at Columbia. In 1894 an 
evening department was opened for the convenience of students 
who are so occupied with business that they cannot attend day 
sessions. Students are taught to view the law as a system of 
principles, and not as a mere aggregation or collection of cases 
decided by the courts. The course of study leading to the degree 

252 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

of LL. B. comprises two scholastic years. A third year's course 
of advanced study has also been established in connection with 
the day school, leading to the degree of LL. M. Moot Courts are 
held each week. The students of the day school are allowed access 
to the law library in the Equitable Building, containing over four- 
teen thousand volumes. Annual tuition for a full regular course 
of instruction is $100, payable in advance. 

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, University Heights, New York 
City, Henry M. MacCracken, D. D., LL. D., Chancellor. The 
University was founded in 1831. In addition to the undergraduate 
department, embracing four years, called the University College, 
are graduate departments of pedagogy, engineering, law. The 
college proper confers the degrees of A. B., Ph. B., and B. S. The 
tuition fee is $100 per year. The School of Pedagogy seeks to 
furnish thorough and complete professional training for teachers. 
The work is of distinctly university grade and the plan of the 
institution places it upon the same basis as that of the best schools 
of law, medicine, and theology. It confers the degree of Master 
or Doctor of Pedagogy. The School of Engineering was estab- 
lished separately in 1862. Civil engineering in all its branches is 
thoroughly taught, and the degree of C. E. conferred on gradu- 
ates. The University Law School provides a two years' course for 
day students, and a three years' evening course. The department 
was established in 1835. The evening division of the department 
is the Metropolis Law School, which was merged in the University 
in 1895. The undergraduate law course leads to the degree of 
LL. B., the graduate course to that of LL. M. The graduate school 
embraces all courses leading to the degree of A. M., Ph. M., M. S., 
Ph. D., and S. D. The Bellevue Hospital Medical College was 
united with New York University in 1897, and graduates now 
receive the M. D. of the University. After 1899 the required 
course of work will cover four years instead of three. 

THE PEEBLES AND THOflPSON SCHOOL, 30, 32, and 34 

East Fifty-seventh Street, New York City. An English, French, 
and German boarding and day school for girls, conducted by D. E. 
Merrill, B. S., L. A. Bushee, B. A., and S. S. Van Laer, B. A., suc- 
cessors to V. A. Peebles and A. K. Thompson. The buildings are 
commodious, and are situated in a healthful neighborhood, near 
Central Park. The rooms are large and thoroughly ventilated, and 
the construction of the houses allows sunlight in every room. The 
school consists of academic, college preparatory, preparatory, pri- 
mary, and kindergarten departments, both boys and girls being 
admitted to the latter. The expense of board and tuition in Eng- 
lish, French, German, Latin, and Greek is $900 per year. 

253 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

PRIVATE CLASSES FOR GIRLS, 46 West 55 th Street, 
New York City, Miss M. L. Grouard, Principal. These classes 
are intended to supply a thorough education to girls, giving them 
the advantages of private instruction with companionship. The 
number of pupils in each class is limited. The primary and the 
preparatory classes for boys and girls lead from the kindergarten 
to the advanced classes. The advanced course includes English, 
history, literature, art, mathematics, science, and language. Courses 
preparatory for any college will be given to those desiring them. 
Terms range from $100 for the first primary class to $350 for the 
advanced classes. 

THE RUEL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 26 East s6th Street, 
New York City, Miss Eleanor Boese, Principal. The location 
of this school is one of the most desirable in New York. The 
course of study is designed to secure the natural and symmetrical 
development of the child. The school consists of four depart- 
ments : Primary, preparatory, junior, and senior. Special em- 
phasis is laid upon thorough work in English. A limited number 
of resident pupils will be received. Terms : Resident pupils, board 
and tuition, $1,000 per annum. 

ST. AGATHA, New York City. St. Agatha was incorporated 
in 1806, and was founded by the New York Protestant Episcopal 
Public School Society. The design of the school is to offer young 
girls, especially those of the Church, a secular education of the 
highest efficiency, combined with sound religious training. The 
school is planned to include all grades from the kindergarten 
through the high school, but all are not yet established. The four- 
year high school course will offer both general and college prepara- 
tory courses. The tuition fees range from $40 per year for the 
kindergarten to $200 for the advanced grades of the high school 
course. 

SCHOOL FOR BOYS, 509 Fifth Avenue, New York City, 
Francis B. Allen, A. B. One of the chief aims of this school is to 
teach boys to study intelligently. There are three departments : 
Senior, junior, and primary. The course of study for the junior 
and senior sections includes all branches necessary to prepare 
boys for the colleges, scientific schools, and business. The system 
of government is planned with a view to develop in the boy a 
feeling of responsibility for his acts. The terms are : Primary, 
$150; junior, $250; senior, $350. 

STANHOPE-WHEATCROFT DRAMATIC SCHOOL, 1440 
Broadway, New York City, Adeline Stanhope- Wheatcroft, Direct- 
ress, furnishes practical instruction in the art of the stage. Pupils 

254 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. New York. 

are thoroughly prepared for stage work in a single term of six and 
a half months. Three or four public performances are given each 
year. By special arrangement with Mr. Charles Frohman these 
student matinees with their attendant rehearsals are given at 
Madison Square Theatre. 

TRINITY SCHOOL, 139-147 West 9 ist Street, New York City, 
the Rev. August Ulmann, S. T. D., Rector, was founded in 1709 
under the auspices of the Venerable Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, of London, England. It was con- 
ducted in connection with Trinity Parish until A. D. 1806, and has 
received the largest part of its endowments either from the Cor- 
poration of Trinity Church, or from individuals connected with the 
parish. In 1806 the school was incorporated by an Act of the 
Legislature of the State of New York, and has had an independent 
existence ever since. In 1827 its charter was amended, and the 
scope of its usefulness greatly enlarged. Boys are received at six 
years of age. In the higher grades complete preparation is given 
for college. Tuition, $50 to $200. This includes stationery and 
all necessary books, which are furnished by the school. There is 
no charge for extras. 

UNION THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY, 700 Park Avenue, 
New York City, the Rev. Charles C. Hall, D. D., President. The 
Seminary was founded in 1836. Its directors and professors give 
their assent, as officers of this institution, to the standards of the 
Presbyterian Church. Its charter requires that " equal privileges 
of admission and instruction, with all the advantages of the institu- 
tion, shall be allowed to students of every denomination of Chris- 
tians." The courses of theological study are the regular course, 
the honor course, and the special courses. The regular course 
leads to the diploma of the Seminary at the end of three years. 
The honor course leads to the degree of B. D., and is open only to 
those who obtain high rank in the college course. The special 
courses consist of electives leading to appropriate certificates. 
Each student is charged $10 a year for the general expenses of 
the Seminary, $5 for the care of his room, $10 for heat, and $10 
for gas. No other charge is made for rooms, use of library, or 
instruction. 

VAN NORMAN INSTITUTE, 280 West 7ist Street, New 
York City, Mme. Van Norman, Principal. This school was 
founded in 1857 by the Rev. D. C. Van Norman, LL. D. The 
aim of the Institute is to provide a home and day school for young 
ladies and children. Thoroughness, moral and social culture, and 
practical education are its ideals. The primary course embraces 
three years ; the academic and the collegiate each four years. 

255 



New York. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

Music, art, and elocution are specials. The rates of tuition for 
day pupils vary from $80 in the primary department to $250 in 
the collegiate. For home pupils the board and tuition are $800 
per year. 

MRS. LEOPOLD WEIL'S SCHOOL, New York City, Mrs. 
Leopold Weil, Principal. The school is divided into four depart- 
ments : Kindergarten, primary, junior, and senior. The kinder- 
garten is intended for children between the ages of four and seven. 
The primary, junior, and senior departments are each divided into 
three classes. A course in bookkeeping is optional in the senior 
department. Special students may be admitted at any time. Post- 
graduate courses in English, French, German, and art are provided. 
The Delsarte system of physical culture is employed. The fee for 
resident pupils is $700. 

MISS WHITON'S AND MISS BANGS'S BOARDING AND 
DAY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, academic, preparatory, and primary 
classes, 43 West 47 th Street, New York City. The method of 
individual training is employed in all the grades. An English or 
a Classical Certificate of graduation is granted to each student, 
who completes a corresponding course. Special courses are offered 
to advanced students. The certificate of the school admits pupils 
to Smith, Vassar, and Wellesley Colleges. Appreciating to the full 
the educative value of life in New York, the principals arrange 
frequent visits to art galleries, museums, and libraries ; the resident 
pupils attend such lectures and concerts as do not interfere with 
school duties ; and excursions to points of general and historic 
interest in and near the city are arranged for both resident and 
day pupils. 

THE WOnAN'S nEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE NEW 
YORK INFIRMARY for women and children, 321 East Fifteenth 
Street, New York City, Emily Blackwell, M. D., Dean of the 
Faculty. The infirmary was incorporated in 1854, and was designed 
for the clinical instruction of women medical students. The 
college was added in 1865, and adopted a three years' course 
earlier than any other medical college excepting the Harvard 
school. The distinctive character of its instruction is the full 
provision made for laboratory work and for clinical instruction, 
these being the departments in which it is still the most difficult 
for women to obtain satisfactory opportunities in other schools. 
The institution has four departments : College, dispensary, out- 
practice, and infirmary. The course was lengthened to four years 
in 1893. The necessary expenses for graduation in medicine, for 
the four years' course, are $535, exclusive of board and text-books. 

256 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Plattsburg. 

THE WRIQHT=HUMASON SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF, 

42 West Seventy-sixth Street, New York City, under the direc- 
tion of Thomas Arthur Humason, Ph. D., and John Button Wright, 
A. M. A select private boarding and day school for children 
whose hearing is in any degree defective. Established for the 
purpose of providing the best possible education for the deaf or 
semi-deaf by supplying the combined advantages of school and 
private instruction. Large faculty of skilled teachers and limited 
number of pupils. Curriculum parallel to that of the best schools 
for normal children. Appointments the best possible. Splendidly 
located in the finest residence portion of the city. Natural speech 
is the only means of communication used in the school. Children 
received at five years of age, taught to speak, educated, and pre- 
pared for any university. The only school of its class in the 
world. 

NIAGARA UNIVERSITY, Niagara Falls, the Rev. P. McHale, 
C. M., President. Niagara University, conducted by priests of the 
Congregation of the Mission, was founded in 1856. It was incor- 
porated under the name of the " Seminary of our Lady of Angels " 
in 1863, an d erected into a university under its present title in 
1883 by the regents of the University of the State of New York, 
with the full powers and authority of a university. The Seminary 
of our Lady of Angels, both in name and individuality, will be 
preserved, and will be associated with other departments of the 
University as the Department of Arts and Theology. The pre- 
paratory department, by a four years' course, fits applicants for 
the college course. The collegiate department embraces four years 
of work. The department of theology devotes itself wholly to 
the preparation of students for the priesthood. This also covers 
four years. For both the collegiate and theological departments 
the expenses for board, tuition, and washing are $100 per year. 

GARY COLLEGIATE SEHINARY, Oakfield, the Rev. C. C. 
Gove, M. A., Principal. This institution for boys, one of the 
oldest of its kind in Western New York, was founded by Col. 
Alfred Gary, and opened in 1844, with Warren Reynolds, A. M., 
principal. In recent years the primary and intermediate depart- 
ments have been suspended, and work is now confined to the 
academic grade. Special prominence is given to instruction in 
the English language, drawing, and German. Latin, Greek, mathe- 
matics, and science receive much attention. 

5TATE NORflAL AND TRAINING SCHOOL, Plattsburg, 
George K. Hawkins, A. M., Principal. The design of this school 
is to furnish trained teachers for the public schools of the State, 
but non-residents, who comply with the requirements for admis- 

257 



Potsdam. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

sion, will be received on payment of a tuition of $20 for term of 
twenty weeks. The school has a faculty of sixteen members, and 
is equipped with every modern educational appliance. Four 
courses of study are provided for students, viz : An English course 
of three years, a classical course and a scientific course of four 
years each, and a kindergarten and primary course of three years. 
Students completing satisfactorily any one of the foregoing 
courses will receive corresponding diplomas, which serve as 
licenses to teach in the public schools of the State. Board can 
be obtained in private families at rates varying from $3 to $4 per 
week. 

CLARKSON SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY, The Thomas 
S. Clarkson, Memorial (co-educational), Potsdam, Barton Cruik- 
shank, M. E., Director. This school was founded as a memo- 
rial to the late Thomas S. Clarkson, of Potsdam, New York, 
the entire equipment, building, and endowment being the gift 
of his sisters, the Misses Clarkson. Although a professional 
school in which training is given to mechanical, civil, and 
electrical engineers, additional courses are offered which are a 
part of the work of the engineering school, if the term technical be 
considered in its broad sense. During the past summer a further 
equipment of ten thousand dollars in testing machines, steam and 
electrical measuring apparatus, and specialties has been added to 
the engineering laboratories. There are mechanic arts courses 
in carpentry and joinery, pattern making and foundry practice, 
machine work and smithing ; a normal course in domestic science, 
giving thorough instruction in theory and methods with practice in 
teaching ; and special classes for housekeepers, maids, and school- 
girls. Candidates for admission must be at least sixteen years of age, 
must have certificates of good moral character, and, if from other 
colleges or universities, must furnish from those institutions certifi- 
cates of honorable dismissal. The entrance examinations are held 
twice a year at Potsdam, in June, at the end of the spring term, and 
in September, at the beginning of the fall term. Special students 
are admitted by special arrangement. The regular course of study 
leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science, certified by a diploma 
bearing the seals and officiat signatures of both this institution and 
the University of the State of New York. The tuition is $80 
per year. There are now no dormitories, but board may be ob- 
tained in private families at reasonable rates. In Potsdam board 
and tuition together cost no more than board alone in Ithaca or 
Boston. 

RIVERVIEW ACADEMY, a Classical, English, and Military 
Boarding and Day School, Poughkeepsie, Joseph Bartlett Bisbee, 
A. M., Principal and Proprietor. This school was established in 

25.8 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Rochester. 

1836 on College Hill, Poughkeepsie, and was known as the Pough- 
keepsie Collegiate School until 1867, when, on its change of loca- 
tion to Riverview, it became Riverview Military Academy. The 
academy buildings are beautifully situated on an eminence near 
the Hudson River. The buildings are commodious, modern, and 
convenient. There are two departments, the preparatory and the 
academic, the latter fitting boys to enter the best colleges and 
scientific schools or business life, and offering four courses : Classi- 
cal, scientific, general, and business. The military course is both 
theoretical and practical, and is in charge of an army officer. 
The charge for room, board, washing, and tuition is $600 per 
annum. 

CHAMBERLAIN INSTITUTE, Randolph, the Rev. E. A, 
Bishop, D.D., President, was founded under the name of the Ran- 
dolph Academy in 1850. About fourteen thousand students have 
been in attendance during its history, and the school is represented 
in nearly every State in this country as well as in foreign lands. 
The grounds and buildings are beautiful and ample for the accom- 
modation of the school. Nine courses of study are offered, leading 
to a thorough preparation for college, for business, or home life. 
It has a normal department under the supervision of the State. 
Music and art are specialties. The intellectual and moral well- 
being of the students are thoroughly looked after. Nobility of 
character is the aim of the school. Owing to a good endowment 
the school is able to take students at $200 per year. 

NAZARETH ACADEflY, Rochester, a boarding and day school 
for yoting ladies, was founded by the Rt. Rev. B. J. McQuaid, D. D., 
and is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph, an order devoted to 
education. The best French and German methods are combined 
with the most approved American standards in the system of in- 
struction employed. The school is incorporated under the regents 
of the University of the State of New York, and stands second 
among the chartered high schools of the State. The State aca- 
demic diploma is one requirement for graduation. The courses of 
study embrace the Latin scientific, German scientific, classical and 
college preparatory, each of four years ; while a commercial course 
of two years fits the student for active business avocations. The 
various branches throughout are taught by specialists, and modern 
languages by native teachers. The departments of music and 
painting are thoroughly equipped and progressive. Special atten- 
tion is given to physical health and training in deportment, in the 
belief that both have a direct bearing on the formation of charac- 
ter. Preparatory departments for young girls are efficiently cared 
for. Connected with the institute, but under a separate corp of 
teachers, is Nazareth Hall, a day school for boys. For particulars 

259 





260 



N. Y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Schenectady. 

address Sister Directress of Nazareth Academy, 50 Jay Street, 
Rochester, New York. 

ROCHESTER THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY, Rochester, the 
Rev. H. Augustus Strong, D. D., LL. D., President. This Seminary 
is a school of the Baptist denomination, though students of other 
denominations are freely admitted. It admits to its regular course 
of three years only graduates of colleges and those whose prepara- 
tion in Greek and in other branches qualifies them to pursue studies 
with graduates. The institution was founded in 1851. Since 
that time 1,335 persons have been connected with it as students, 
the present number being 138. It has twelve professors and one 
instructor. There is a German department which educates young 
men for the German Baptist ministry. Aid to approved students 
is given by the New York Baptist Union for Ministerial Education. 

WAGNER MEMORIAL LUTHERAN COLLEGE, Roches- 
ter, the Rev. J. Nicum, D. D., Director, grew out of a school 
opened in 1883, primarily for the purpose of preparing young men 
for the theological seminary, who could minister to the German- 
American Lutheran churches in both the English and German 
languages. The model after which the course of study was origi- 
nally arranged was that of the German " gymnasium." While 
the six years' course has been retained, the institution is assum- 
ing more and more the character of an American college. Much 
stress is laid upon the study of languages, both ancient and 
modern. For board, $2.50 per week is charged; for tuition, $40 
per annum (to sons of Lutheran clergymen and parochial school 
teachers, $20); for fire, light, rooms, etc., the charges are $15 per 
annum. 

WASHINGTON ACADEMY, Salem, Ezra W. Benedict, A. B., 
Principal. The academy was founded in 1780 and chartered in 
1791, being one of the four oldest academies in the State. In 1876 
the academy and the public schools of Salem were consolidated 
into a graded high school. The primary and intermediate depart- 
ments embrace eight years' work. The academic department 
offers an English academic course, a Latin-English course, a 
college preparatory course, each four years in length, and a three 
years' scientific course, planned especially for those unable to 
spend four years in the academy. Tuition in the academic course 
is about $15 per annum. 

UNION UNIVERSITY, Schenectady, Andrew V. V. Raymond, 
LL. D., President. Union College, out of which the present Uni- 
versity grew, was incorporated in 1795, and obtained its name from 
the fact that it was founded by several religious denominations in 
common. It was indeed the first strictly undenominational college 

261 



Sing-Sing-on-the-Hudson. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

in the United States, and has always stood for the idea of Chris- 
tian unity. The incorporation of the University dates from 1873, 
but not until the charter granted in 1895 did the college acquire 
full university powers. Union University includes Union College, 
Schenectady ; Albany Medical College ; Albany Law School ; 
Albany College of Pharmacy ; Dudley Observatory, Albany. The 
capital is only a few miles from Schenectady, and the location of 
the professional schools there is fortunate. Medical students have 
access for chemical purposes to the leading hospitals, and the law 
students, besides the opportunity of visiting legislative sessions, 
have the privilege of using the most extensive and carefully chosen 
State library in the United States. The general oversight of the 
institution is entrusted to the President of Union College and 
Chancellor of the University, but each school has its resident 
dean. The list of faculty and officers numbers over one hundred 
names. In the college, which has two departments, college proper 
and school of civil engineering, the following courses are offered : 
Classical course, leading to the degree of A. B. ; philosophical 
course, leading to the degree of Ph. B. ; scientific course, leading to 
B. S. ; general engineering course, leading to B. E. ; sanitary course, 
leading to B. E. ; electrical course, leading to B. E. ; graduate course 
in. engineering, leading to C. E. The property and equipment of 
Union compare favorably with those of similar institutions. There 
are well furnished laboratories, biological and geological museums 
with valuable collections, and an excellent library. Numerous 
scholarships are available for needy students. The total expense 
of tuition, room, text-books, board, lights, washing, etc., for one 
year in the college is about $280. College graduates applying for 
admission to the law school must have devoted one year to the 
study of law ; all others must have devoted two years and must 
also be holders of certificates of regents' examinations or their 
equivalents. The course is one year of two semesters. Tuition, 
$100, or $50 for each semester. Admission to the medical 
school is by examination ; the course occupies four years. Tuition 
for each lecture course, $100, with further fees for matriculation, 
laboratories, dissections, and graduation. Good board may be 
had in Albany at low rates. 

THE OSSINING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Sing-Sing-on-the 
Hudson, Miss C. C. Fuller, Principal. The school was founded 
in 1869, and accommodates thirty boarding pupils. Its situation 
is remarkable for its natural beauty, and the school building, a 
modern commodious structure, is surrounded by several acres of 
highly cultivated land. It offers four courses : Academic, music, 
art, and a special classical course for students wishing to enter 
college. 

262 



N. y. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Syracuse. 

CHRISTIAN BIBLICAL INSTITUTE, Stanfordville, the Rev. 
J. B. Weston, D. D., President. This Institute was established 
and is carried on under the action of the American Christian Con- 
vention, taken at its session in Marshall, Michigan, in 1866. The 
primary design of the denomination which founded it was to aid 
in preparation for its own ministry, but it is open to all Christians 
who desire to prepare for the ministry. The course of study 
covers a term of four years, the first of which is preparatory. 
High moral character is requisite for admission. For tuition and 
the use of well furnished rooms no charge is made. All school 
expenses need not exceed $85 or $100 per year. 

STATEN ISLAND ACADEMY, New Brighton, S. I., F. E. Part- 
ington, A. M., Principal, was opened in 1884 and chartered by the 
regents of the University of the State of New York in 1885. The 
new building, in the Tudor style of architecture, is of stone and 
brick; it is lighted, warmed, ventilated, and furnished after the 
most approved modern methods. The reference libraries number 
several thousand carefully chosen books. The academy is exclu- 
sively for day pupils of both sexes, and offers a systematic course 
of study graded by school years and covering all the work of ele- 
mentary and secondary school classes. The course is nominally 
eleven years in length, seven of which (three primary and four 
grammar) are allotted to the elementary studies, and four to the 
high school for secondary studies. A pupil who enters the lowest 
class at the age of six should, therefore, be graduated, normally, at 
seventeen ; but every opportunity is afforded to scholars of merit 
to shorten that period and to complete the course as rapidly as 
their abilities warrant. Expenses per quarter vary from $12.50 in 
the first primary year to $37.50 in the senior year of the upper 
school. 

SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY, Syracuse, James R. Day, S.T. D., 
LL. D., Chancellor. The University has four colleges organized 
and in full operation : Liberal arts, fine arts, medicine, and law. 
It seeks to follow out the American idea of a cluster of coordinate 
colleges in which may be pursued the great fundamental courses 
of the highest and broadest education. While under the control 
of a Christian church, it is not sectarian. The college of liberal 
arts is especially strong. The elective privileges are liberal, but 
are of such a character as to guide the student into logical courses 
of study. In the college of fine arts, the courses of study in- 
clude systematic instruction in the theory, history, and practice of 
music, painting, architecture, and belles lettres. The medical 
course is four years, and the law course, three years in length. 
Degrees are conferred by the University on graduates of the 
various departments. Tuition varies with the department. 

263 



Tarrytown-on-the-Hudson. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. V. 

IRVING INSTITUTE, Tarrytown-on-the-Hudson, John M. Fur- 
man, A. M., Principal. Tarrytown is twenty-five miles by rail or 
steamboat from New York City. The school and recitation-rooms 
are commodious, cheerful, healthful, and comfortable. The new 
gymnasium is well equipped, and is under the direction of a com- 
petent instructor. The junior course of study is designed for 
younger boys not prepared to take full work in the academic de- 
partment. In the academic department are three courses of 
study : Classical, scientific, and English. Facilities are afforded 
for private instruction in drawing and instrumental music. The 
grounds are well adapted for all outdoor sports. The terms for 
board and tuition for the school year are $500. 

MISSC. E. flASON'S SCHOOL, "The Castle," Tarrytown-on- 
the-Hudson, was established in the city of New York by Dr. and 
Mrs. Theodore Irving, the former a nephew of Washington Irving, 
and was removed to Tarrytown because of the beauty of the loca- 
tion and its peculiar fitness as a place of residence for students. 
The school is a church school under the pastoral oversight of the 
rector in whose parish it is situated. In 1895 Miss C. E. Mason, 
LL. M., after a successful experience in charge of Brook Hall, Pa., 
the famous school founded by Bishop Potter, assumed control of 
" The Castle," and the growth of the school under her management 
has been phenomenal. The buildings are " The Castle," a baro- 
nial graystone structure, " Irving Cottage," and " The Annex," 
large, modern residences, bright and attractive. They are situated 
on a healthful elevation and in the midst of a tract of nine acres 
of grove and lawn, overlooking the Hudson for thirty miles. Much 
attention is given to- outdoor sports and athletics, and a resident 
teacher of golf, tennis, basket-ball, boating, etc., is employed, also 
a teacher for the riding class, for which a number of well trained 
horses are kept. The school prepares for college and also offers 
special and advanced courses. Diplomas are given for the Latin, 
the mathematical, the intermediate, the classical, the business, and 
the college preparatory courses, and certificates are awarded to 
those who, without graduating, complete a special course in music, 
art, elocution, literature, or languages. The terms for boarding 
pupils are $750 for the year, including furnished room, gas and 
fuel, and instruction in English and two languages. Music, art, 
elocution, etc., are extras. 

. THE EMMA WILLARD SCHOOL, Troy, Mary Alice Knox, 
A. B. Principal. This institution, originally the Troy Female Semi- 
nary, was organized in Middlebury, Vt, in 1814, by Mrs. Emma 
Willard, and was established in Troy in 1821. Its purpose is to 
give a full preparation for all colleges open to women ; to furnish 
a thorough and satisfactory education for pupils not desiring a 

264 




265 



Troy. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. Y. 

college course; and to offer advanced work in departments most 
in demand among graduate and special students. Four years of 
academic work, comprising sixteen appointments a week, are re- 
quired for the diploma of the school. Special students will be 
admitted, but the programmes of boarding pupils must include, at 
least, twelve appointments a week. In the control of the boarding 
department, it is the aim to obtain as wise a combination as is 
possible of careful and interested oversight, with freedom for the 
pupil. Applicants for the boarding department must be at least 
fourteen years of age, and must present testimonials of good 
character, health, and scholarship. Ample provision is made for 
physical training and out-of-door exercise. Dancing and sew- 
ing lessons are free to boarding pupils. All inquiries should be 
addressed to the principal. The expense for boarding pupils is 
$700 a year. 

THE RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Troy, 
John H. Peck, A. M., President, Palmer C. Ricketts, C. E., Direc- 
tor. The Institute, founded in 1824, aims to maintain the most 
thorough course of engineering in the country. Its methods of 
instruction are the result of an experience unequalled by that of 
any similar school in the world. The course of study pursued, 
while not beyond the capacity of young men of average ability, 
is constantly adjusted to the progress of the engineering profession. 
Its purpose is to equip students to enter upon a general engineer- 
ing practice and to specialize later as opportunities open before 
them. That the plan has been attended with unqualified success 
is shown by the register issued annually, containing the business 
address of each living graduate. Among them will be found men 
eminent in every branch of engineering. The only engineering 
degree- conferred by the Institute is that of civil engineer. Civil 
engineering here is understood to include instruction in road and 
railroad construction and operation, structural designs, hydraulic, 
steam, electrical, and mining engineering, and assaying. The 
studies of the course are designed as a professional preparation, 
at once thorough and practical, for the following specialties of 
engineering practice : The location, construction, and superinten- 
dence of public works, as railways, canals, water-works, etc. ; the 
design, construction, and management of mills, iron works, steel 
works, chemical works, and pneumatic works ; the design and 
construction of roofs, arch bridges, girder bridges, and suspension 
bridges ; the survey and superintendence of mines ; the design, 
construction, and use of wind motors, hydraulic motors, air engines, 
and the various kinds of steam engines ; the design, construction, 
and use of machines in general, and the determination of their 
efficiency ; the survey of rivers, lakes, and harbors, and the direc- 

266 




267 



Utica. WHERE TO EDUCATE. M Y. 

tion of their improvements ; the determination of latitude, longi- 
tude, time, and the meridian in geographical explorations, or for 
other purposes, together with the projection of maps ; the selection 
and test of materials used in construction ; the construction of the 
various kinds of geometrical and topographical drawings. A 
course of study is also offered embracing advanced instruction in 
natural history, chemistry, and geology, leading to the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. The first two years are identical with the 
course in civil engineering. The expenses of the course are $100 
at the opening of the two annual sessions for tuition. Other ex- 
penses are largely within the control of the individual student. 

UTICA CONSERVATORY OF flUSIC, Utica, George S. Beech 
wood, Director. The course of study in this institution is especially 
adapted to individual needs. Free classes in harmony, theory, his- 
tory of music, sight reading, pedagogics, and ensemble are held 
each week, to give all pupils equal opportunities to study these 
important subjects. Elocution, language, literature, history, paint- 
ing, and gymnastics are taught, in addition to the courses in music. 
The cost of a room, board, and the use of a piano need not exceed 
$4 per week. Tuition varies with the instructor and the sub- 
ject taught. The private lessons are thirty minutes, and the class 
lessons one hour in length. 

UTICA CATHOLIC ACADEHY, Utica, the Rev. J. S. M. 
Lynch, D. D., Principal. The boys' senior department is in charge 
of the Brothers of, the Christian Schools. The girls' department 
and the boys' primary department is in charge of the Sisters of 
Charity. The regular academic course of four years is designed 
to meet the requirements for admission to any training school for 
teachers in the State of New York. The three years' commercial 
course is planned for young men who intend to follow business 
pursuits. Elocution is taught throughout both courses. 

THE HALSTED SCHOOL, Yonkers-on-Hudson, Mary Sicard, 
Jenkins, Principal, was incorporated in 1896. It aims to pre- 
pare thoroughly for any college or scientific school in the 
country. The boarding department, recently added, is officially 
recognized by Vassar College. The school has a graded course, 
including kindergarten, primary, intermediate, and senior depart- 
ments. Besides the college preparatory course, a practical Eng- 
lish course is offered by the senior department, designed to aid 
students who, not wishing to attend college, prefer to substitute 
work in science and literature for classical studies. The homelike 
atmosphere, the careful attention paid to physical training, and 
the wise and kind discipline are features of this school. The 

268 



A 7 . C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Bowie's Creek. 

annual expense is $600 for resident pupils ; for others, it varies 
from $60 for the kindergarten to $200 for the last two years of 
the senior department. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

THE BINGHAM SCHOOL, Asheville, N. C.," says the United 
States Government's Bureau of Education in Washington, " stands 
preeminent among Southern schools for boys, and ranks with 
the best in the Union. It is the oldest and most successful male 
boarding school for boys in the South." The school was founded 
in 1793 by the grandfather of the present superintendent, and it 
is the only school in the Union which has been transmitted with 
constantly increasing reputation through three generations of teach- 
ers for more than one hundred years. The course of study is pre- 
paratory for college or for life, and includes English, mathematics, 
Latin, Greek, French, German, physics, chemistry, bookkeeping, 
and military science and tactics as taught by a detailed United 
States army officer. Asheville, for the last seven years the site of 
the school, is the most famous all-the-year-round health resort in 
America. The area of patronage for the present year already 
includes sixteen States of the Union, and Japan, and during the 
last twenty years has extended to forty-one localities, thirty-three 
in the United States and eight in foreign countries. The pupils 
from this school take rank with the best in the various colleges 
and universities in the country, and in the United States military 
and naval academies. The buildings and sanitary arrangements 
are strongly endorsed by the Government and its officials, by the 
executive, judicial, and military departments of the North Caro- 
lina State Government, by distinguished physicians, and by many 
other prominent men. Address Col. R. Bingham,- Asheville, N. C. 

ST. flARY'S COLLEGE, Belmont, under the direction of the 
Benedictine Fathers. The Right Rev. Leo Haid, D. D., O. S. B., 
President. Established in 1878. A staff of fourteen professors, 
whose lifelong occupation is the rearing and education of youth. 
The college is situated in the charming Piedmont Valley of North 
Carolina. Fine mountain air, cool summers, delightful winters. 
Three distinct courses, classical, commercial, and scientific. Moral 
training our chief aim. Spacious, attractive, and comfortable 
buildings, beautiful church, large and extensive playgrounds, bowl- 
ing and hand ball alleys, etc. Terms for board and tuition, $200 
per collegiate year. 

BOWIE'S CREEK ACADEflY AND COflflERCIAL 
SCHOOL, Bowie's Creek, H.arnett County, the Rev. J. A. Campbell, 
Principal, is a school that started in i'887 with two teachers and six- 

269 



Chapel Hill. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. C. 

teen students, but that claims to-day to have an enrolment second 
to that of only one academy of its grade in the South. The insti- 
tution is not sectarian, but its spirit is aggressively Christian. 
Economy in living expenses is a strong feature. The entire cost 
of a year's tuition, board, lodging, lights, fuel, and washing need 
not exceed $70. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill, 
was chartered in 1789 in obedience to the mandate of the State 
constitution of 1776. The doors were opened to students in 
1895. Until 1804 there was a chairman of the faculty, called the 
" Presiding Professor," the first being Rev. David Ker, D. D., 
educated at Trinity College, Dublin, afterwards a district judge of 
the Territory of Mississippi. The first president was the Rev. 
Joseph Caldwell, D. D., of New Jersey, an alumnus and tutor of 
Princeton University. In 1812 he gave way to the Rev. Robert 
Chapman, D. D., then of Virginia, in order to devote himself to 
the study and teaching of mathematics. In 1816, Doctor Chap- 
man resigning, Doctor Caldwell was recalled, and held the presi- 
dency with ever increasing reputation until his death in January, 
1835. In 1820 he visited Europe, at the request of the trustees, 
for the purchase of books and scientific apparatus. He was 
author of a work on geometry and many pamphlets, including 
sermons and arguments for public education and internal improve- 
ments. The latter made him so popular in North Carolina that a 
county was named in his honor. Doctor Caldwell was succeeded 
in 1835 by Hon. David Lowrey Swain, who had been a judge and 
governor of the State. He was an able executive officer, and 
under his administration the institution increased in numbers so 
that at the beginning of the Civil War it had nearly five hundred 
undergraduates, -nearly two hundred of whom were from other 
States. He kept the exercises in operation all during the war 
until Kilpatrick's cavalry, under Gen. S. D. Atkins, of Illinois, 
rode into Chapel Hill. In a few months the doors were opened 
again, although the endowment was lost by the war, and about a 
hundred students annually attended until July, 1868, when the 
seats of himself and his professors were declared vacant by the 
" Reconstruction " movement. The next president was Rev. 
Solomon Pool, D. D., appointed by the new board of trustees, who 
had been under the constitution of 1868 elected by the board of 
education. Exercises were resumed in January, 1869, but few 
students attending, and in 1870 the doors were closed. In 1874, 
empowered by a constitutional amendment, the General Assembly 
elected a new board of trustees, who induced the Legislature to 
pay to the institution $7,500 yearly, interest on the Land Grant 
Fund, most of which was invested in repudiated bonds, which were 

270 



A r . C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Chapel Hill. 

granted to it in 1866, and resumed exercises in 1875 under Rev. 
Charles Phillips, D. D., as chairman of the faculty. The next year 
Kemp P. Battle, LL. D., late State treasurer, was elected president, 
and held the office until 1891, when he resigned in order to 
accept the Alumni Chair of History. During his administration 
the General Assembly was induced to grant an annuity of $20,- 
ooo a year, at the same time taking away the interest of the Land 
Grant Fund in order to establish the Agricultural and Mechanical 
College at Raleigh. In 1877 a "Summer Normal School " was 
begun in connection with the University, and in its buildings. A 
corps of able teachers and lecturers, versed in the best methods 
of graded school education, instructed the teachers of the State 
for eight successive years. The General Assembly then concluded 
to have the normal schools at four other widely separated points. 
In reorganizing the University it was deemed best to abolish the 
old curriculum and introduce more scientific studies, with courses 
leading to different degrees, the A. B. (Bachelor of Arts), includ- 
ing Latin and Greek, the Ph. B. (Bachelor of Philosophy), with 
Latin or Greek omitted, and the B. S. (Bachelor of Science), 
omitting both Latin and Greek. Special diplomas are granted for 
advanced work in each department. la 1885 the department of 
law, which had been only nominally connected with the Univer- 
sity, was incorporated with it, and in 1887 a department of medi- 
cine was added, though not granting diplomas. When Doctor 
Battle resigned in 1891, George T. Winston, LL. D., who had 
been since 1875 professor of Latin in the University, was made 
its president, and continued in the office until 1896, when he 
accepted the presidency of the University of Texas. Under his 
able and active management the number of students rapidly in- 
creased so as to reach 333. He also inaugurated a summer 
school for teachers, which, under the able management of Dr. 
E. A. Alderman, was very successful, numbering on an average 
about one hundred and fifty pupil-teachers. He was succeeded by 
Edwin Anderson Alderman, D. C. L., professor of pedagogy in 
the University, who, before his election as professor, in 1896, had 
acquired large reputation as superintendent of graded schools, 
and as a chaste and elegant orator, and as a scholar of wide 
culture. Since his election the department of pharmacy has been 
added, and the departments of law and medicine both enlarged 
by an additional professor to each. Co-education has to some 
extent been adopted, women being allowed in the higher classes, 
after graduating at other institutions. The numbers of students 
have increased, now amounting to 570. The University of North 
Carolina has been a potent factor in. the education of the South- 
ern States. " Among its alumni, before 1860, are found a 
President (Polk), a Vice-President (King), ten Cabinet officers, 

271 



Concord. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



N. C. 



twelve foreign ministers and charges d'affaires, fourteen United 
States Senators, thirty-five members of Congress, fifteen governors 
of States, fifty-five judges, three presidents and twelve professors 
of colleges outside of North Carolina." The above list is short of 
the truth. The alumni since 1860 are keeping up this honor- 
able record. 

SCOTIA SEMINARY, Concord, the Rev. D. J. Satterfield, D. D., 
President, was founded to bring within the reach of colored girls 
the advantages of a Christian education, and to aid in building up 
the Presbyterian Church among the negroes of the South. In its 
first year the Seminary enrolled forty-five, twelve of whom were 
boarders. The first class graduated in 1876, a class of nine, in 
what was then the teachers' course, now the grammar school. The 




total enrolment to date is 1,950. The number having completed 
the grammar school course is 347, while sixty-six have taken a 
higher course. The aim is to educate the hand, the head, and 
the heart together. The departments are preparatory, grammar 
school, normal, literary, scientific, industrial, and music. No charge 
is made for tuition, except for music. The regular expenses of each 
student for the term of eight months for board, room rent, fuel, 
light, etc. (not including books), are $45. 

GASTON COLLEGE, Dallas, S. A. Wolff, A. M., Principal, 
was founded in 1879 as a scno l for both sexes. Gaston College, 
the result and outgrowth of the high school, was organized in 1887, 
and, after several years of co-education, has been limited to women 
students only. There are classical, scientific, English, or normal, 
and music courses. Special attention is given to calisthenics. 
The school is an individual enterprise and is non-sectarian, though 

272 



A T . C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Hickory. 

distinctly Christian in its influence. Annual expenses (forty weeks), 
including board, furnished room, fuel, lights, servant's attendance, 
laundry, and general tuition, $125. 

TRINITY COLLEGE, Durham, John C. Kilgo, D. D., Presi- 
dent, is under the patronage of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, and was chartered as a regular college in 1859, though it 
is the outgrowth of an academy dating from 1838. The college 
grounds consist of sixty-three acres, laid out in drives and walks. 
There are four principal buildings, besides the faculty homes. Ad- 
mission is by examination and on certificate. Three equivalent 
courses are offered, all leading to the degree A. B. Special stu- 
dents are admitted. Athletic sports are encouraged and thoroughly 
organized. All necessary college expenses, including board, can be 
met with $175 to $200. 

ELON COLLEGE, Elon College, the Rev. W. W. Staley, D. D., 
President, is a co-educational college, established by the Christian 
Church, South, in 1889. It offers three degree courses, viz. : Ph. B., 
A. B., and A. M. Music, art, elocution, commercial, and prepara- 
tory departments are included. The school is on the Southern R. R., 
sixty-five miles west of Raleigh. Expenses per year, $110 to $160. 

STANHOPE HIGH SCHOOL, Finch, Nash County, J. M. 
Holding, A. B., Principal, has a history of more than forty years. 
The academic course requires from one to four years for its com- 
pletion, and prepares students for the freshman and sophomore 
classes of the colleges of the State. The commercial course is 
practical and requires one year. Excellent advantages are offered 
in vocal and instrumental music. The total expense need not 
exceed $140 per year. 

GREENSBORO FEflALE COLLEGE, Greensboro, Dred Pea- 
cock, President, is a Methodist institution, chartered by the State 
Legislature in 1838, and opened to students in 1847. The college 
building is of brick, is heated by steam and lighted by electricity, 
and stands on the top of a lofty hill in the centre of a grove of 
about forty acres. The institution offers the advantages of literary, 
music, art, and business courses. The department of physical cul- 
ture is under the direction of a competent director, and the health 
record of the college is unsurpassed. No pains or expense are 
spared to make the institution a cultured Christian home. Ex- 
penses for literary courses per session, or half year, $100. 

CLAREflONT COLLEGE, Hickory, Stuart P. Hatton, A. M., 
President. This institution for girls and young women, founded 
in 1880, is situated in Hickory, a well-known health resort, which is 
at the junction of the Western North Carolina division of the 

273 



Hickory. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. C. 

Southern Railway and the Carolina and Northwestern Railway. 
The building, a three-story brick structure newly furnished 
throughout, is located in the centre of a twenty-acre campus. 
The college embodies ten schools : Classical, scientific, literary, nor- 
mal, art, music, elocution, stenography and typewriting, business, 
and preparatory. The departments are so organized that students 
may enter at any time. By a special act of the Legislature, the 
college has power to confer any Bachelor's or Master's degree. 

ST. PAUL'S ENGLISH PRACTICAL THEOLOGICAL 
SEMINARY, Hickory, the Rev. H. K. G. Doermann, President, 
is under the general supervision of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Synod of Ohio and other States, and under the special control of 
a board of directors appointed by the Synod. The object of the 
Seminary is to prepare young men of piety and talent for the min- 
istry. The object of the Proseminary is mainly to prepare stu- 
dents for the Seminary. In addition, it affords instruction in high 
school branches, and aims to lay a good foundation for a college 
course. 

KIRKWOOD SCHOOL, Lenoir, Caldwell County. This school 
was established by the Rev. Jesse Rankin in 1869, and is now taught 
by his daughters; Misses Sarah and Emma Rankin. It was designed 
to be strictly a family school, and limited to fifteen pupils. The 
ordinary branches of a solid, substantial education are taught, with 
art and music. Lenoir is twelve miles from the foot of Blue Ridge, 
and twenty from the well-known summer resort, Blowing Rock. 
The climate is all that can be desired for health and comfort. 
Since 1895 it has been only a day school. 

flARS HILL COLLEGE, Mars Hill, R. L. Moore, A. B., Prin- 
cipal. Healthfully located in the heart of the mountains of 
Madison County, Mars Hill College was founded in 1855, and, 
except for the Civil War period, has been conducted without inter- 
ruption until the present. To the south lies Asheville, eighteen 
miles distant. Marshall, ten miles to the west, is the nearest rail- 
road station. Country air, country board, and low living expenses 
are among the advantages of the school. There are preparatory, 
collegiate, and normal courses. The institution has modest preten- 
sions, but aims at thoroughness. Excellent board, $5.50 to $7 per 
month. 

THE BINGHAfi SCHOOL, Orange County, located near 
Mebane, Preston Lewis Gray, B. L., Principal, claims to have been 
established in 1793. The course of study is designed to fit boys 
for college or for business life. The school expenses for each 
quarter session of ten weeks are $49.63, covering board, room rent, 
laundry, tuition, and instruction in gymnastics. 

274 



N. C. WHERE TO EDUCATE: 

MONT AMOENA FEMALE SEMINARY, Mount Pleasant, 
the Rev. H. N. Miller, A. M., Ph. D., President, was established in 
1868 by the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of North Carolina, and 
has ever since been under its control. The course embraces four 
years, English and classical diplomas being awarded. A post- 
graduate course leads to the usual academic degrees. All the 
ornamental branches are taught. Although under Lutheran con- 
trol, students of other denominations are admitted. The design 
of the institution is to furnish a liberal " education at cost " to girls 
of moderate means. One hundred dollars pay the expense of a 
year in the literary department, including board, laundry, fuel, and 
lights. 

NORWOOD ACADEflY, Norwood, A. P. Harris, A. B., Prin- 
cipal, aims to fit for college, and for the active duties of life. The 
courses are : Primary, mathematics, English, modern, and ancient 
languages, science, bookkeeping, music, art. Tuition costs $1.15 
to $2.65 per month; music, including the use of piano, $3 per 
month; art, $2.50 per month. Board, including furnished room, 
fuel, and lights, $7 to $10 per month. 

PEACE INSTITUTE, Raleigh, James Dinwiddie, M. A., Prin- 
cipal. This institution was named after William Peace, Esq., of 
Raleigh, a prominent benefactor. Its location in a large grove 
of native oaks just outside the corporate limits of the city com- 
bines the advantages of city and country life. It is a home school 
for young women and girls, and is limited to seventy-five boarders. 
While unsectarian, the school is under the patronage of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and the moral and religious influences are very 
high. The buildings are admirably arranged, well ventilated, and 
supplied with all modern conveniences. There are three general 
courses : Primary, preparatory and sub-collegiate, and collegiate. 
The last named department is divided into eleven schools, includ- 
ing a commercial school and a school of elocution and physical 
culture. Board, English tuition, and Latin for half year amount 
to $100. Tuition for day pupils for half year varies from $10 in 
primary to $25 in collegiate department. 

SHAW UNIVERSITY, Raleigh, Chas. F. Meserve, A. M., 
President. This is the largest institution in the State for the 
education of colored young men and women. It is under the 
auspices of the Baptist denomination, and yet is not sectarian, 
for students of all denominations are enrolled in the various 
departments. It is the highest grade institution for the education 
of the colored people found in the South. Schools of theology, 
medicine, law, and pharmacy are popular and integral parts of the 
University, as well as music, normal, collegiate, scientific, industrial^ 

275 



Rocky Mount. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. C. 

and missionary training departments. The buildings are large and 
spacious, commanding in appearance, and occupy a campus of 
fourteen acres, all situated within a few minutes' walk of the capi- 
tol, post-office, court-house, and Union Station. Located as it 
is in the capital of North Carolina, it presents unusual advantages 
to the . student, because of access to the State Library, United 
States Court, etc., as well as from the remarkable healthfulness of 
the locality. Shaw University was originally Shaw Institute. Es- 
tablished December i, 1865, by the late Rev. H. M. Tupper, D. D., 
a native of Monson, Mass. Doctor Tupper was in the Union 
army during the late Civil War, and near the close of the war saw 
the pitiable condition of the colored people just emerging from 
slavery, with the ballot in their hands. He recognized that intel- 
ligence was the foundation of true citizenship, and that, therefore, 
the colored people must be educated. He interested people in the 
North in his enterprise, prominent among whom was Hon. Elijah 
Shaw, a woollen manufacturer of Wales, Mass., and from whom 
the University takes its name. Doctor Tupper literally gave his 
life for the institution, which is his fitting monument. Tuition, 
etc., $7 per month. 

UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, Rocky Mount, William V. Boyle, 
A. B., Principal, was organized in 1894, by Mr. William Holmes 
Davis. In 1898 it passed under the present management. In its 
short history it has grown to be one of the largest private schools 
in North Carolina, having enrolled during 1897-98 181 students. 
The school is modern in equipments, and is constantly being 
improved. It is co-educational, and prepares thoroughly for col- 
lege and university. It also offers a first class music course. 

SALEfl ACADEflY AND COLLEGE, Salem, the Rev. J. H. 
Ciewell, Principal, was founded in 1802, opened in 1804, and 
incorporated in 1866. This institution for girls and young women 
is under the control of the American Moravian Church. There 
are preparatory, college, and graduate departments, and the follow- 
ing special schools : Music, art, commercial, industrial, elocution, 
and languages. The grounds cover thirty acres, and the buildings 
number ten. The students are divided into small families of ten 
or twelve members each, thus obtaining the advantages of home 
life. The fixed charge for board and general tuition for the full 
school year is $250. Tuition for day pupils, $20 to $40. 

SALUDA SEniNARY, Saluda, Miss Fidelia Sheldon, Prin- 
cipal, is located in a mountain village midway between Asheville, 
N. C., and Spartanburg, S. C., on the Southern Railway. It was 
established by the American Missionary Association in 1889, as 
an industrial school for girls. There are primary, intermediate, 

276 



N. C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Yadkinville. 

and normal departments. Board, tuition, room, bedding, fuel, and 
lights, per month, $5 ; tuition for day pupils, per month, 50 cents. 

SUNSHINE INSTITUTE, Sunshine, D. M. Stallings, Principal, 
was founded at Sunshine, Rutherford County, 1894, by D. M. 
Stallings, and was chartered 1895 by the Legislature of the State. 
The aim of the institution is to prepare students thoroughly for 
colleges and universities of high standing, for business, teaching, 
and practical duties of life, at the least possible expense. Its 
economical feature has largely contributed to the success of the 
institution from the very day of its opening. The Rutherford 
Democrat probably never uttered a greater truth when it said : 
" Sunshine Institute is not only the best school in this county, but 
one among the best in this section of the State." 

WAKE FOREST COLLEGE, P. O. Wake Forest, Charles 
E. Taylor, D. D., LL. B., President, is located in a beautiful 
rolling country, sixteen miles north of Raleigh. The climate, 
especially during the winter, is mild and salubrious. Students 
from colder parts of the country have experienced improvement in 
health during their residence at this place. There are four large 
buildings in a beautiful campus of twenty-four acres. The college 
was founded in 1833. The sixty-fourth session will begin Sep- 
tember i, 1899. Many thousands of students (males only) from 
many States have been educated here. The course of study is 
extended and thorough. Much stress is laid on laboratory work 
in chemistry and biology. The college is organized into twelve 
independent " schools," including the languages, sciences, mathe- 
matics, philosophy, the Bible, and law. There is also a special 
" course preliminary to the study of medicine." Degrees given are 
M. A., B. A., and B. L. The invested funds of the college exceed 
$200,000. Most notable of the contributors to this fund was the 
late J. A. Bostwick, of New York. Tuition fee of $30 per term 
of five months ; board, $6 to $12 per month. All other expenses 
are far below the average cost in American colleges. 

YADKINVILLE NORHAL SCHOOL, Yadkinville, Yadkin 
County, Zeno H. Dixon, Principal, was founded in 1891. It is 
located near the center of one of the finest farming counties of the 
State. The courses are primary, common school, high school, 
normal, music, and commercial. Rates of tuition range from $i 
to $3 per month. 



277 




Fargo. WHERE TO EDUCATE. N. D. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, Fargo, J. 
H. Worst, President, offers three full courses of four years, each 
one leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science. Military in- 
struction is given the boys, while the young women are taught 
everything pertaining to good housekeeping, from management in 
the kitchen to entertainment in the drawing-room. A summer 
school is held during August, for the training of teachers. A two 
years' course in agriculture has been arranged to accommodate 
young men who are unable to pursue a complete college course. 
The total expenses for a term are about $50 ; for a year, $150. 

OHIO. 

BUCHTEL COLLEGE, Akron, the Rev. Ira A. Priest, D. D., 
President, was founded in 1870 under the auspices of the Univer- 
salist Convention of Ohio, and took its name from its most 
generous benefactor, Hon. John R. Buchtel. The main college 
building is two hundred and forty feet long, fifty-four feet wide, 
and five stories high. Its style of architecture combines the 
Doric, Gothic, and Norman. The building is heated by steam, 
lighted by gas, and furnished with modern and most approved 
conveniences. The large Grouse Gymnasium affords the best 
advantages for physical culture. Buchtel College embraces : The 
college proper, a preparatory school, an art school, a music school. 
In the college proper the curriculum offers three courses of four 
years each : Classical course, leading to the degree of A. B.; 
philosophical course, leading to the degree of Ph. D.; scientific 
course, leading to the degree of B. S. The classical course is 
followed by those who appreciate the old standard A. B. course, 
and, as a specialty, offers Greek and Latin for the entire four 
years. The institution is co-educational. 

BALDWIN UNIVERSITY, Berea, M. F. Warner, D. D.. Presi- 
dent, belongs to the North Ohio Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and is open to both men and women. The 
College of Liberal Arts offers classical, philosophical, scientific, 
and literary courses, leading to the degrees of A. B., Ph. B., S. B., 
and B. L. at the end of four years. Other departments are the 
college preparatory, business, art, music, and law. Masters' degrees 
are conferred on meeting certain conditions. The cost of tuition, 
room, and board is about $130 for men, and $150 for women.* 

CANTON ACTUAL BUSINESS COLLEGE, Canton. The 
course of instruction embraces the subjects of bookkeeping, 
arithmetic, commercial law, spelling, shorthand, and typewriting. 

278 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cincinnati. 

The school has both day and evening sessions, and the theory of 
business is reduced to rigid practice, thus teaching business by 
action instead of by theory. The theory is taught fully, but only 
as it is applied to actual business. For the business department 
and the shorthand and typewriting department the cost of tuition 
for the complete course is $40 in each. 

CEDARVILLE COLLEGE, Cedarville, the Rev. D. McKin- 
ney, President, is located twelve miles south of Springfield in the 
beautiful Miami Valley. It has four departments: The college, 
four years' course leading to the degrees A. B. and Ph. B.; the 
academical, preparatory to college ; the elocution, and musical. 
Graduates of the college can enter at advanced standing abroad. 
The building is new and commodious. Total expenses to resident 
students for a year, $135. Purpose, a thorough Christian educa- 
tion for practical life to both sexes. W. R. McChesney, secretary 
to faculty. 

ACADEMY OF THE URSULINES, Oak and May Streets, 
Cincinnati. The special aim of the Ursuline Order is to work 
toward the individual development of the pupil along both 
intellectual and religious lines. The course of study embraces a 
primary, an intermediate, and an academic department. Children 
of six years of age are admitted to the primary department, which 
covers a period of four years. The intermediate course requires 
four years, and the academic three. Besides the usual subjects, 
courses are offered in music, bookkeeping, shorthand, and type- 
writing. Tuition fees vary from $50 to $90, according to the 
department. 

BARTHOLOHEW ENGLISH AND CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 

Cincinnati, G. K. Bartholomew, A. M., Ph. D., Principal. The 
college preparatory course extends through a period of five years, 
and ensures a thorough preparation in all the requirements for 
admission to the University of Cincinnati, Bryn Mawr, Wellesley, 
Smith, Vassar, and Radcliffe Colleges. This course is identical 
with the general course as far as the beginning of the fourth year. 
The primary and preparatory departments for boys and girls are 
the intermediate steps between the kindergarten and the advanced 
work of the school. Instruction is offered in music, drawing, and 
painting. The price of tuition for the advanced courses of the 
collegiate department is $160 per year. 

CINCINNATI COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGERY, G. S. 

Junkerman, M. D., D. D. S., Dean. This school is, as its name 
implies, purely a dental school in the strictest sense. The dental 
infirmary and dental laboratory are centrally located, and the 
clinical resources are more than sufficient to supply all students 

279 



Cincinnati. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

that the college can accommodate with material for surgical and 
manipulative operations. The course of study covers three years, 
graduates receiving the degree of D. D. S. The tuition fee is $100 
per year. 

CINCINNATI COLLEGE OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY, 

Cincinnati, W. E. Kiely, M. D., Dean. The school offers a four 
years' graded course of methodical and systematic instruction. 
The first and second years are devoted to the elementary depart- 
ments exclusively. The third and fourth years are given to the 
practical, especially clinical, for which there are unsurpassed 
facilities at the Cincinnati and other hospitals with which mem- 
bers of the faculty are connected. The methods employed are 
laboratory, recitative, clinical, and didactic. 

CINCINNATI COLLEGE OF PHARHACY, Cincinnati, Chas. 
A. Apmeyer, President. It is the aim of this college to place 
within the reach of any student of good common school education 
and moderate means a technical pharmaceutical training without 
losing sight of the importance of a well grounded education. The 
school offers practical work in the dispensing department under 
the charge of a licensed pharmacist. Arrangement can be made 
whereby student can continue outside work, thus earning while 
studying, the four degrees of Phar. G., Phar. C., Phar. M., and 
Phar. D. depending on the extent to which the studies have been 
carried. The price of tuition per term of seventeen weeks is 
$44- 

THE CLIFTON SCHOOL, under the direction of Miss E. A. 
Ely, A. M., Evanswood, Clifton, Cincinnati. Situated at Evans- 
wood, one of the old family estates of Cincinnati's most beautiful 
suburb, and easily reached by three street railroad lines, this school 
offers the advantages to be gained from close proximity to the city, 
combined with the fresh air, light, and freedom of the country. 
The special aim of the school is to provide a sensible, thorough 
and well ordered training for girls. The school has the right of 
admission on its certificates to several of the leading colleges. A 
limited number of pupils are offered residence in the school. 
Terms. for such are $600 per annum. 

COLLEGE OF MUSIC OF CINCINNATI, Cincinnati, Frank 
Van Der Stucken, Dean, is in its twenty-first year, and is incor- 
porated under the laws of the State of Ohio. There are two 
departments : The general music school and the academic depart- 
ment. The former serves as a preparatory department ; the latter 
constitutes the College of Music proper. College dormitories 
immediately adjoin the college, and are under the charge of a com- 
petent person. A number of free scholarships are available for 

280 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Cleveland. 

deserving students of limited means. Charges for the entire 
academic year in any one branch, $120. 

THE FRANKLIN SCHOOL, Cincinnati, Joseph E. White and 
Gerrit S. Sykes, Principals, has primary, intermediate, and collegi- 
ate departments. It prepares for colleges and schools of science 
or technology. In the eighteen years of its existence the school 
has sent thirty-seven of its graduates to Harvard, forty-seven to 
Yale, twenty to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and 
sixty-one others to various colleges, among them Princeton, 
Columbia, Williams, Dartmouth, Amherst, and Johns Hopkins. 
Special English courses are formed for those who do not intend 
to go to college. There is an excellent gymnasium, and a large, 
liberally equipped laboratory. The school year is divided into 
two terms. The tuition fees are : Primary department, per term, 
$50; intermediate department, per term, $75; collegiate depart- 
ment, per term, $100. 

LANE THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, Walnut Hills, Cincin- 
nati, the Rev. Edward D. Morris, D. D., LL. D., President. The 
aim of the course of study is to include within three years the 
essentials of a complete theological education, having special 
reference to the requirements for entrance into the ministry of 
the Presbyterian Church. Students from other evangelical com- 
munions than the Presbyterian are welcomed. Tuition and room 
rent are free. The expense of the seminary fee, board, text-books, 
and laundry is about $135. 

THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF OHIO, Cincinnati, W. W. 
Seely, M. D., Dean, was chartered by the Legislature of Ohio in 
1819. This institution is, therefore, much the senior of any 
medical college west of the Alleghenies. Annual courses of 
lectures have been delivered by the faculty with unvarying regu- 
larity during the seventy-nine years of the existence of the school. 
With the beginning of the session of 1895-96, attendance upon 
four annual courses of lectures was required ; the entire system 
was carefully graded, and more detailed, direct, and vigilant 
supervision was brought to bear upon the individual student. In 
1896 its board of trustees transferred its charter to the board of 
directors of the University of Cincinnati, thus constituting it the 
medical department of that institution, though still retaining its 
original title. 

CLEVELAND COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SUR= 
GEONS, of Ohio Wesleyan University, Cleveland, C. B. Parker, 
M. D., M. R. C. S., Eng., Dean. 

281 



Cleveland. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

THE CLEVELAND HOHEOPATHIC HEDICAL COLLEGE, 

Cleveland, W. A. Phillips, M. D., Dean, has resulted from the 
union of the Cleveland University of Medicine and Surgery and 
the Cleveland Medical College. There are excellent facilities in 
the line of clinics, laboratory work, and hospital practice, and the 
four years' course leading to the degree of M. D. is practical and 
exhaustive. Annual tuition for complete course of lectures, $100. 

THE HATHAWAY=BROWN DAY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 

768 and 770 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Miss Mary E. Spencer, 
Principal, consists of four departments : Kindergarten, primary, 
preparatory, and academic. The number of pupils in each de- 
partment is limited. Boys are admitted to the kindergarten. The 
school prepares for any college admitting women, and offers to 
those who do not desire a collegiate education a symmetrical and 
suggestive plan of study. Laboratory methods are used in all 
scientific studies. Tuition per annum, $60 to $175. 

THE SPENCERIAN BUSINESS COLLEGE, Cleveland, was 
the first organized of the Bryant & Stratton Colleges, of which 
there were afterwards more than forty in the leading cities of the 
United States and Canada. Since the institution was founded 
over 33,700 students have received instruction within its walls. 
The departments include college of business, school of penman- 
ship, English training school, and school of shorthand. Tuition 
for six months (day school) is $55 in the business or in the 
shorthand department ; in the English and penmanship depart- 
ments, $40. A scholarship not limited in time costs $75. 

WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY, Cleveland, the Rev. 
Charles F. Thwing, D. D., LL. D., President, grew out of an 
academy established at Burton in 1805, the first institution of the 
kind in Northern Ohio. The University embraces six depart- 
ments : 

ADELBERT COLLEGE, formerly the Western Reserve College at 
Hudson, founded in 1826, removed to Cleveland in 1882. 

THE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, announced in the spring of 1888, 
and opened in September of the same year; in 1892 provided with 
buildings adapted to its work. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF GRADUATE INSTRUCTION, established in 
1892 by the faculty of Adelbert College and the College for 
Women, designed to offer to college graduates courses leading 
to the degrees of A. M. and Ph. D. 

THE MEDICAL COLLEGE, formerly known as the Cleveland 
Medical College, founded in 1844, and offering a course of four 
years. 

THE FRANKLIN T. BACKUS LAW SCHOOL, opened in 1892, 

282 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

designed through a course of study covering three years .to give 
an adequate training for the practice of the law. 

THE DENTAL DEPARTMENT, opened in 1892, designed to teach 
the art of dentistry as a department of medicine. 

Popular and educational lectures are included in the plans of 
the University. 

CAPITAL UNIVERSITY, Columbus, the Rev. M. Loy, D. D., 
Dean. This institution was founded in 1850, and was then, as 
it is now, under the control of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
as represented by the Joint Synod of Ohio. While it has an 
independent organization, it is affiliated with an older school, 
namely, "The German Evangelical Lutheran Seminary of the 
Joint Synod of Ohio." The University grounds are .distant from 
the centre of the city about three miles, and the group of hand- 
some buildings and professors' homes forms a" pleasant suburb, 
having all the advantages of a quiet rural life. There is a. pre- 
paratory as well as a college department. The degree of Bachelor 
of Arts is conferred upon. a satisfactory completion of 'the collegiate 
course. Tuition in the preparatory department is $25 per year; 
in the collegiate department is $40 per year. Board is furnished 
at $1.75 per week. 

GERflAN EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SEHINARY, Co- 
lumbus, the Rev. M. Loy, D. D., President, is affiliated with 
Capital University, though it regulates its own affairs. It has, 
with a few brief intermissions, been in successful operation since 
1830. A very large proportion of the ministers representing the 
Lutheran Church in Ohio were prepared for the ministry through 
its instrumentality. It is under the general supervision of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Ohio and adjacent States, and 
under the special control of a board of directors. Both the 
German and English languages are used as vehicles of instruction. 
The regular course requires three years' attendance. There are 
about six thousand books in the library. No charge is made for 
tuition. 

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY, Columbus, James H. Canfield, 
M. A., LL. D., President. The University aims to furnish ample 
facilities for education in the liberal arts, the industrial arts, 
engineering, law, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine. Each of 
these six divisions or colleges is under the direction of its own 
fac.ulty, which has power to act in all matters pertaining to the 
work of students in that particular college. The University seeks 
thus to give to the young men and women of Ohio the largest pos- 
sible opportunity for both general and special training. The Col- 
lege of Arts, Philosophy, and Science consists of those departments 
represented in the courses leading to the degrees of A. B., Ph. B., 

283 



Dayton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

and S. B. Degrees are conferred on graduates of all departments 
of the University. Through aid received from the United States, 
and from the State of Ohio, the University is enabled to offer its 
privileges, with a slight charge for additional expenses, to all per- 
sons of either sex who are qualified for admission. The annual 
expenses of a student, including incidental fees, books, room, and 
board, need not exceed $150. 

THE JACOBS SCHOOL OF SHORTHAND, Dayton, was 
founded in the year 1897 by H. L. Jacobs, who was official sten- 
ographer of the Senate of Pennsylvania, and afterwards occupied 
a similar position in the House of Representatives. The school 
has enjoyed a liberal patronage, and is endorsed by the press, as 
well as the mercantile and professional men of the city. 

ST. MARY'S INSTITUTE, Dayton, the Rev. Charles Eichner, 
President. This institute was founded in 1850 by the Brothers of 
Mary. In 1878 it was incorporated, and in 1882 was empowered 
to confer degrees. The academic organization provides elemen- 
tary and advanced instruction, and is divided into three distinct de- 
partments, the preparatory, the commercial and scientific, and the 
classical. The commercial and scientific department covers five 
years, and is planned for those who cannot carry their education 
farther. The classical course occupies five years, and includes the 
usual subjects of collegiate instruction. Graduates of this course 
receive the degree of A. B. Tuition, board, and washing cost $200. 

SHAUCK'S 5CHOOL, 17 Third Street, East, Dayton, A. B. 
Shauck, Principal, prepares for college or business, and also for 
civil service examinations. A summer vacation training school 
for teachers is one of its features. 

UNION BIBLICAL SEMINARY, Dayton, G. A. Funkhouser, 
D. D., Chairman of the Faculty. This institution is under the 
control of the General Conference of the United Brethren Church. 
It was opened in 1871. Applicants for admission must be mem- 
bers in good standing of some evangelical church, and furnish 
testimonials of character. The regular course covers three years. 
Students who have not taken the preparatory studies required at 
admission must take the English course providing for these defi- 
ciencies. Classical graduates who complete the regular three 
years' course will receive the degree of Bachelor of Divinity. 
There is no charge for tuition or room rent. The total expense 
necessary for the seminary year need not exceed $150. 

DEFIANCE COLLEGE, Defiance, the Rev. John R.H. Latchaw, 
A. M., D. D., President, is a non-sectarian college, chartered by 
the Ohio Legislature, and containing, besides a preparatory and col- 
legiate department, the following schools : The Teachers' College, 

284 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ewington. 

the School of Commerce, the School of Shorthand, the School of 
Music, the School of Oratory, the School of Art. The college offers 
the Bachelor's degree in arts, philosophy, science, and literature. 
Graduates of the Teachers' College receive the degree Bachelor of 
Pedagogy. Those completing the course in oratory are given the 
degree Bachelor of Oratory, and those completing a course in the 
School of Commerce, and who have studied one year or more 
under the auspices of the college, may receive, upon recommenda- 
tion, the degree of Commercial Science. Expense per annum is 
$100 to $150. 

OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Delaware, 
the Rev. J. W. Bashford, Ph. D., President, was opened in 1844 with 
twenty-nine students, all from Ohio. The University, including 
the medical department, now numbers 1,401 students, from thirty- 
seven States and fifteen foreign countries. Of the twenty-six 
hundred students who have completed the college courses, and 
received the bachelors' degrees, forty-six are editors, ninety mis- 
sionaries, 120 physicians, 180 college presidents and professors, 
300 lawyers, and 450 ministers. In addition to those who have 
completed the college courses at Delaware, 900 have completed the 
medical course of the Cleveland College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons. The graduates and students of the University have rendered 
the world over 25,000 years of service as teachers. Since 1889 the 
University in all its departments has increased forty-five per cent, 
in students, doubled its teachers and gained $500,000 in buildings, 
appliances, and endowment. The departments are : Preparatory, 
Department of Art, Conservatory of Music, School of Business, 
School of Oratory, College of Liberal Arts, and Cleveland College 
of Physicians and Surgeons. The faculty numbers ninety-eight. 
To the age, experience, and tried ability of the older members of 
the faculty, the new members have brought the enthusiasm of 
youth, the most recent advances in learning, and the latest methods 
in instruction. The lecture, the laboratory, and the library supple- 
ment the text-book. The tuition and incidental fees for all prepara- 
tory and college studies range from $10 to $15 per term. Some 
students by boarding themselves bring their entire expenses down 
to from $90 to $120 for the college year. A large number earn, 
money during vacations or teach a year or two before completing 
the college course. The Board of Education of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church loans to students who have attended one term, 
and are recommended by the faculty, small sums to aid them in 
securing an education. 

EWINGTON ACADEMY, Ewington, F. F. Vale, B. S., M. A., 
Ph. D., Principal. This school was founded in 1857. It is 
run on the normal plan, prepares and trains teachers, prepares 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Granville. 

students for any college, and gives a very practical education to 
those not intending to take a college course. It is co-educational 
and non-sectarian. Expenses are very low, and the surroundings 
are conducive to good study. There is no saloon or other prolific 
source of immorality in the town. 

FINDLAY COLLEGE, Findlay, the Rev. Charles Manchester, 
A. M., D. D., Acting President. This college is young, vigorous, 
Christian, and economic. It offers collegiate courses leading to 
A. B., B. S., and Ph. B. It has a normal and preparatory de- 
partment. It teaches art, music, and elocution, with special 
teachers. It has a magnificent building with modern conveniences. 
It is unsectarian, but under the support and control of the Church 
of God. Tuition in the literary courses is $32 per year of forty 
weeks. Board ranges from $2 to $4 per week. 

KENYON COLLEGE, Gambier, Theodore Sterling, M. D., 
LL. D., President. This institution was established in 1824 by 
Bishop Chase, of the diocese of Ohio, under the name of " The 
Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
diocese of Ohio." In 1828 the college was removed from Worth- 
ington to Gambier. Although starting as a theological school, 
Kenyon has broadened so that a regular collegiate course is, 
included, and confers the degrees of A. B., Ph. B., and B. S. on 
graduates of its college courses. The religious influences are 
churchly, but although chapel services are conducted according to 
the forms of the Episcopal Church, the primary end of the college 
is to cultivate a truly religious spirit, and questions of dogma are 
entirely subordinated. The college is open to students of all 
religious beliefs. 

DENISON UNIVERSITY, Granville, D. B. Purinton, LL. D., 
President, was founded in 1831, under the patronage of the Bap- 
tist denomination in Ohio. Aims to furnish a thorough, liberal 
education, under Christian influences, but not to propagate sec- 
tarian doctrines. Its early presidents, and many of its other 
teachers, were graduates of Brown University, and gave it from 
the start a record for thoroughness in class-room work, which it 
has always been its endeavor to maintain and improve. Its gradu- 
ates have taken high rank as graduate, students of the large uni- 
versities, both in this country and abroad. Courses are offered 
leading to the Bachelor's degree in Arts, Science, Philosophy, and 
Letters. Invested funds available for general purposes amount to 
nearly $400,000. Value of grounds, buildings, libraries, and other 
equipment, about $300,000. Questions from any one interested in 
the school are gladly answered. 

287 



Granville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

DOANE ACADEMY, Granville, L. E. Akins, Principal. This 
school was organized in 1831 as a preparatory department of the 
Granville Literary and Theological Institution. In 1887 it was 
made a separate school and named Granville Academy, again 
changing its name to Doane Academy in 1894. It is the special 
aim of the school to fit its students for college. An academic 
course is offered to those not intending to go to college. There 
are three regular courses : The classical, the philosophical, and 
the scientific, each embracing three years of work. 

HIRAM COLLEGE, Hiram, was founded in 1850 under the 
name of the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute. The aims of 
the school were defined as follows : (i) To furnish a foundation 
for a sound literary and scientific education. (2) To temper and 
sweeten such education with moral and spiritual knowledge. 
Among the early students was James A. Garfield, who secured 
the opportunity of paying his expenses by work as janitor. In 
1857 Mr. Hayden, the first principal, resigned and was succeeded 
by James A. Garfield, who had in the meantime completed the 
course of studies of the Institute, and had been graduated from 
Williams College. Under his leadership the Institute reached a 
high degree of prosperity, and its principal won a wide popularity 
as a preacher, teacher, and lecturer. In 1861 Mr. Garfield en- 
tered public life, and from that on his history is too well known to 
be told. In 1867 the institution was reorganized as a college 
under its present name. Hiram College has mainly a rural pat- 
ronage and has never succeeded in gaining a satisfactory financial 
basis, but it is noted for honest, thorough training. Garfield said 
in a public speech delivered in Hiram after his nomination to the 
presidency, " Hiram College does the most work with the least 
money of any institution with which I am acquainted." 

WESTERN RESERVE ACADEflY, Hudson, Clay Herrick, 
A.M., Charles T. Hickok, Ph.D., Principals. In 1826, Western 
Reserve College was established as a pioneer in the then new 
State of Ohio, A preparatory department was opened the follow- 
ing year, which still bears the name " Western Reserve," and which 
has an enviable reputation among first-class academies. It has a 
beautiful campus of nearly forty acres, on which stand three 
dormitories, a chapel for public meetings, a recitation and board- 
ing hall. The school is located twenty-six miles from Cleveland 
in the village of Hudson, a town unsurpassed in culture, beauty, and 
healthfulness. The purpose of the school is threefold : First, to 
provide thorough preparation for the best colleges, schools of 
science, or the academies at West Point and Annapolis. Second, to 
provide a general academic education for those not looking for- 
ward to further study, but who wish better to equip themselves 

288 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Oberlin. 

for the duties of life, or for teaching in the common schools. Third, 
to provide a healthful business course on a broader basis than 
that of the business schools. The expenses for academic year, 
including tuition, furnished room, and board, are covered by $200. 

LinA COLLEGE, Lima, founded 1893. Under the control 
of the " Lima Lutheran Educational Association." Six depart- 
ments. The collegiate department offers three courses of four 
years each : The classical, scientific, and literary, leading to cor- 
responding degrees. A three-years' preparatory course leads to 
these. The normal course covers three years of academic and 
professional work. The music department offers courses in piano, 




MIDDLE COLLEGE, WESTERN RESERVE ACADEMY. 

organ, voice, harmony, theory, etc. The commercial and elocution 
departments, the work usually offered in such courses. New and 
commodious building, large campus. Faculty of ten. Enrolment 
1897-98, 291. College expenses moderate. Rev. S. P. Long, 
President ; Rev. Carl Ackermann, Dean. 

OBERLIN COLLEGE, Oberlin, was established in 1833 by 
the Rev. John J. Shipherd and Mr. Philo P. Stewart. Both of the 
founders had been greatly impressed by an account of the life of 
the German pastor and philanthropist, Johann Friedrich Oberlin, 
who died in 1826, and the new enterprise was named after him. 
The school was chartered as the " Oberlin Collegiate Institute," 
and was known by this name until 1850, when, by an act of the Leg- 
islature of Ohio, it was called Oberlin College. The preparatory de- 
partment was first opened, but within less than two years afterward 
the college proper and the theological seminary were in operation. 

289 



Oberlin. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

In more recent years a conservatory of music, a department of 
drawing and painting, and a normal course in physical training for 
women have been added to the orginal departments. The loca- 
tion is .thirty-four miles west of Cleveland, and about ten miles 
south of Lake Erie. Electric and steam railways render the place 




OXFORD COLLEGE. 



easily accessible. There are fourteen buildings, including special 
dormitories for young ladies. The college library has over fifty 
thousand books together with more than thirty-two thousand pamph- 
lets. Ample opportunities for scientific experiment are offered by 
the chemical, biological, and physical laboratories, and bodily 
training is provided for in the separate gymnasia for men and 
women. Religious influences are dominant, but Oberlin is avowedly 
non-sectarian. Attendance on church and chapel is compulsory. 
No student is considered fully a member of the institution until 
he has passed a probation of six months satisfactory to the faculty, 
during which time they may privately dismiss him, if, for any 
reason, they deem his connection with the college undesirable. 
Admission to the college courses is by examination and upon 
certificates from accredited schools. The college proper offers 
three courses : Classical, leading to the degree A. B. ; philosophi- 
cal, leading to the degree Ph. B. ; and scientific, leading to the 
degree S. B. Each of these courses covers four years and requires 
the same time in preparation. In each course all the studies of 
the freshman year are required. After the freshman year some- 
what less than one-fourth of the work is required, the student 
selecting the remainder from the various electives offered. The 
degrees which are open to graduate students are those of A. M. 
and S. M. The theological seminary is under the auspices of 

290 



Ohio. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Rio Grande. 

the Congregational Church, and awards the degree of B. D. The 
academy is under the same general supervision as the college, but 
has its separate corps of instructors. In the college the term bills 
are $25 each for three terms. In the academy the term bills are 
less. 

OXFORD COLLEGE, Oxford, the Rev. Faye Walker, D. D., 
President. This college for young women grew out of the union of 
Oxford Female College, established in 1849, and Oxford Female In- 
stitute, founded in 1855. There are three courses of study, each 
extending through four years. The classical course leads to the 
degree of B. A., the Latin-scientific to that of B. S., and the Eng- 
lish to that of B. L. In special cases students who wish to devote 




MRS. MATHEWS'S SCHOOL. 

more time to art or music may extend any one of these through five 
years. For juniors and seniors, a liberal choice of electives is 
allowed. There are collegiate departments of music, art, and 
oratory. The charge to all resident students, including tuition, 
board, room, and washing, is $280 per year. 

SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Painesville, Mrs. Samuel Mathews, 
Principal. The design of the school is to combine thorough 
instruction with moral and religious culture, and to supply with 
all the comforts of a private home. The expenses for furnished 
room, board, and tuition are $300 per year. Additional charges 
are made for instruction in music, French, and German. 

RIO GRANDE COLLEGE, Rio Grande, the Rev. John M. 
Davis, Ph. D., D. D., President, was opened in 1876. The aim of 
the college in the educational field is that of an intermediate be- 

291 



St. Martins. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

tween high and preparatory schools, and the professional schools 
of a university. It recognizes the necessity of a preparatory de- 
partment to bring students up to that degree of efficiency requisite 
for college work. The two years' preparatory leads directly to the 
collegiate course. The collegiate work is divided into a classical 
and a scientific course, each four years in length. The degrees of 
A. B. and S. B. are conferred on completing them. The degrees 
of A. M. and S. M., are given to graduates of three years' standing 
who do literary or scientific work. An English and normal course 
is offered. Music is also taught. The college is under the con- 
trol of the Free Baptist denomination. Tuition to candidates for 
the ministry of any denomination is free. To others it ranges 
from $24 to $28. 

URSULINE ACADEMY FOR YOUNG LADIES, St. Martins, 
Brown County, was founded in 1845. It is conducted by the 
Ursuline Order. Pupils of every religious denomination are 




received into the academy, but for the maintaining of order and 
discipline all are expected to conform outwardly to the Catholic 
ceremonial. After the usual primary classes, the course of study 
is divided into preparatory and academic, each covering four years. 
In all school work particular attention is given to the correct use 
of the English language in speaking and writing. The terms for 
board arid tuition in English, French, and Latin are $200 per 
year. 

SAVANNAH ACADEMY, Savannah, G. M. Johnston, A. B., 
Principal, was organized in 1859 by a joint stock company which 
gave the control to a board of fifteen trustees. A classical, a philo- 
sophical, and a scientific course is offered, each four years in 
length. The classical and the scientific courses are identical for 

292 



Ohio, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Tiffin. 

the first two years. The philosophical course substitutes two years 
of German for the Greek of the classical course. The classical 
course is college preparatory. Tuition is low, and the total 
expenses, including board, room, and tuition, need not exceed $100 
per year. 

5CIO COLLEGE (co-educational), Scio, John Wier, A. M., 
D. D., President, was organized as Rural Seminary, at Harlem 
Springs, Ohio, in 1857. It was subsequently removed to the town 
of Newmarket, now Scio, and was incorporated as Newmarket Col- 
lege. In 1875 the name was changed to " The One Study Uni- 
versity " on account of the adoption of a unique feature that had 
been attempted by no other school in the country. This plan was 
for a student to pursue but one study at a time, complete it, take 
up another, and so on through the course. This plan, though suc- 
cessful in some respects, was found to be inexpedient; a return 
was made to the ordinary plan of study, and in June, 1877, the 
college was organized under its present name, and passed under 
the control of the M. E. Church. The collegiate department 
presents three courses, the classical, the philosophical, and the 
scientific, each leading to its appropriate degree, and each requir- 
ing four years for 'completion. There are also the following special 
departments : Preparatory, pedagogy, pharmacy, commercial, music, 
oratory and physical culture, and art. In addition to the regular 
college year there is a summer term of six weeks. The present 
yearly enrolment, about five hundred. The total expense for 
the year averages $120. 

NEW LYflE INSTITUTE, South New Lyme, S. W. Mauck, 
A.M., President, was opened in 1879. * ts object is three-fold: 
To furnish a liberal academic education to those farmers' sons and 
daughters who do not plan to pursue a college course. To prepare 
thoroughly for entrance to colleges and universities. To give teach- 
ers of the common schools a rapid and complete review of the com- 
mon branches and supplement this with more comprehensive study 
in the fields of pedagogy and mental science. There are three reg- 
ular courses : Academic, college preparatory, and normal. In 
addition there are departments of business, music, elocution, and 
physical culture. Tuition, per term of thirteen weeks, $6 to $8, in 
advance. 

HEIDELBERG THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY, Tiffin, the 
Rev. David Van Home, D. D., President, was founded by the 
Ohio Synod of the Reformed Church in the United States in 1850. 
The seminary is open to students of all denominations. It regards 
as its main work that of imparting instruction according to a fixed 
curriculum in the fundamental theological branches. The various 
libraries number about eleven thousand volumes. Tuition is free. 



Tiffin. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ohio. 

URSULINE COLLEGE, Tiffin. This institution, founded in 
1863, is conducted by the Sisters of the Ursuline Order. Differ- 
ence in religion is no obstacle to the admission of pupils, and no 
influence is in any way exerted over the conscientious opinion of 
non-Catholics. A kindergarten system leads to the primary de- 
partment. The entire course of study is divided into three classes : 
Primary, preparatory, and senior. In the lower course time cannot 
be specified, as that rests with the ability of the pupil. The senior 
division comprises a course of three years, the last being the 
graduating class. The degree of A. B. is conferred upon the grad- 
uates of the classical course in the department of science and arts. 
Elocution, phonography, music, embroidery, and painting are also 
taught. The charge for board, washing, furnished room, and 
tuition is $150. 

DAVIS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Toledo, Mr. M. H. Davis, 
Proprietor, offers business, English, and shorthand courses, and 
makes a specialty of actual business practice. There are day and 
night classes. As there are no vacations, students may enter at 
any time. 

WILBERFORCE UNIVERSITY, Wilberforce, S. T. Mitchell, 
President, was incorporated in 1856 through the united efforts of 
the Methodist Episcopal and the African Methodist Episcopal 
Conferences of Ohio. The broad principle was adopted that in 
all that pertains to the University no distinction should be made 
on account of race or color. The Civil War closed the school, but 
in 1870 it was opened once more. In 1887 a "combined normal 
and industrial department," supported entirely by the State, was 
established. In 1891 Payne Theological Seminary was founded, 
and is supported by the A. M. E. Church. The University confers 
the A. B. degree on graduates of the classical course, and the S. B. 
on those of the scientific course. Graduates who have spent five 
years in literary pursuits may receive the degree of A. M. or 
M.S. 

TEACHERS' SEfllNARY, Woodville, the Rev. Theodore 
Mees, President, is one of the educational institutions under the 
control of the Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of Ohio and other 
States. Its primary object is to educate professional teachers for 
parochial schools, but it also offers a regular academic course. 
The two general departments are the preparatory department and 
the seminary department. The course of studies in the seminary 
is designed to extend over a period of five years, three of which 
are embraced in the preparatory department, and two in the semi- 
nary proper. Music is taught throughout the five years. Advanced 
students are required to teach from four to six weeks in graded 

294 



Ore. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Albany. 

schools, taking full charge of classes in all branches. Board per 
week is $2. The annual charge for tuition, room rent, and inci- 
dentals is $40, payable in advance. All those preparing for the 
teaching profession within the synod pay no tuition and room 
rent. 

ANTIOCH COLLEGE, Yellow Springs, Daniel Albright Long, 
D. D., LL. D., President, is situated at Yellow Springs, Green 
County, Ohio, a spot widely known for the beauty of its scenery 
and the healthfulness of its climate. The college edifices consist 
of one main building and two large dormitories. Three courses 
are offered : The classical, leading to the degree of B. A. ; the 
philosophical, leading to the degree of Ph. B. ; and the scientific, 
leading to the degree of B. Sc. The Master's degrees are conferred 
only after a systematic course of study of at least one year, and 
an examination upon the same. The average total expenses for 
the school year, including tuition, board, washing, books, and 
incidentals, are estimated to be less than $150. 

OKLAHOMA. 

OKLAHOMA AGRICULTURAL AND flECHANICAL COL- 
LEGE, and Agricultural Experiment Station, Stillwater, G. E. 
Morrow, President, is supported by the United States and the 
territorial governments. The experiment station has an annual 
endowment of $15,000. The courses offered are general science, 
engineering, and special, while English, mathematics, and science 
and its applications to industry are the chief features of the courses. 
The degree of B. S. is conferred on graduates. Students of either 
sex are admitted. Tuition is free. 



OREGON. 

ACADEflY OF OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP, Al- 
bany, opened in January, 1887, and solemnly dedicated by the 
Most Rev. W. H. Gross, Archbishop of Oregon. It is a boarding 
and day school for young ladies, and is incorporated under the 
laws of the State of Oregon, empowering it to confer academic 
honors. Boys under twelve years are admitted in the elementary 
and preparatory departments. The academy is conducted by the 
Benedictine Sisters, whose constant aim is to train the youthful 
heart to virtue, whilst imparting instruction in all the useful 
and refined branches. The academic year consists of four terms, 
of ten weeks each, the first commencing the first Monday in 
September. 

295 



Albany. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ore. 

ALBANY COLLEGE, Albany, Wallace Howe Lee, A. M., 
President, was founded by Walter and Thomas Monteith, who 
moved from Albany, N. Y., to Oregon, taking the present site of 
the city of Albany as a donation land claim. In laying out a town 
site, they reserved seven acres of land, and presented it to the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church for school purposes. 
The first building was erected in 1866 ; the college was opened in 
1867, with the R.ev. William J. Monteith as president, and the 
first class was graduated in 1873. Intimately associated with the 
three Monteith brothers in the establishment of the college was 
the Rev. Edward R. Geary, D. D., brother of Gen. John W. Geary, 
formerly Territorial Governor of Kansas, and later Governor of 
Pennsylvania. Doctor Geary labored incessantly for the college, 
visiting the East in its behalf, and becoming its third president. 
Albany College is co-educational, and is vitally related to the 
Presbyterian Church, being under the care of the Synod of Oregon, 
to which the president makes an annual report. The four years' 
classical course leads to the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; the Latin 
scientific course to that of Bachelor of Science ; the normal course 
to that of Bachelor of Scientific Didactics ; the post-graduate 
course in music to that of Bachelor of Music ; and the commercial 
teacher's course to that of Bachelor of Accounts. Tuition is about 
$40 a year, and board and lodging ranges from $2.50 a week 
upwards. 

SOUTHERN OREGON STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, Ashland, 
W. T. Van Scoy, A. M., President, was established by act of the 
Legislature in 1882. There are four principal courses of study: 
Academic, business, normal, and advanced. The degree B. S. D., 
Bachelor of Scientific Didactics, is conferred upon those complet- 
ing the four-year normal course, and M. S. D., Master of Scientific 
Didactics, upon those finishing also the advanced course. Only 
the best and most faithful work will enable the student to reach 
the average required for a State normal school diploma. In con- 
nection with the institution are training and model school depart- 
ments, and courses in art and music. Tuition per term of ten 
weeks in normal, business, or academic courses, each $6.25. 

THE EUGENE DIVINITY SCHOOL, Eugene, Eugene C. 
Sanderson, Dean. This growing institution, adjacent to the cam- 
pus of the University of Oregon, offers two distinct ministerial 
courses, and so arranges its work that a part of the studies may 
be taken in the University. The school was opened in 1895, and 
its subsequent growth has been .rapid. It grants the degree of 
Bachelor of Divinity on the completion of its four years' course. 
There are no charges for tuition except a contingent fee of $3 

296 



Ore. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Philomath. 

per term. The institution is under the control of the Christian 
denomination. 

PACIFIC UNIVERSITY (co-educational), Forest Grove, the 
Rev. Thomas McClelland, D. D., President. The University, with 
its associated preparatory school, Tualatin Academy, is one of the 
oldest chartered schools on the Pacific coast, and after half a 
century of growth it now stands as a type of the best grade of 
American colleges. The institution owns six buildings and its 
equipment includes a library of more than nine thousand volumes. 
In July, 1898, President McClelland completed the raising of one 
hundred thousand dollars, thus meeting the conditions of a fifty 
thousand dollar endowment offered to the University in March. 
1895, by Dr. D. K. Pearsons, of Chicago. With this sum added to 
the previous endowment of one hundred thousand dollars the 
possibilities of usefulness are greatly enlarged. The college offers 
three general courses : The classical, scientific, and literary, and 
special advantages for the study of music. Tualatin Academy 
provides thorough preparation for college and at the same time 
gives an English education that is an essential foundation for busi- 
ness or teaching. Tuition and other expenses in both the college 
and academy are moderate. 

McMINNVILLE COLLEGE, McMinnville, H. L. Boardman, 
A. M., President, is the oldest Baptist college in the far West, and 
was incorporated in 1858. It is co-educational and offers five 
courses : Preparatory, classical, scientific, literary, and normal, 
leading (with exception of the first) to the degrees, Bachelor of 
Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Letters, and Bachelor of 
Didactics. There are also business, music, and art departments. 
Annual expenses average $141 to $180. 

JTT. ANGEL ACADEMY (young women), Mt. Angel, Oregon 
conducted by the Benedictine Sisters, is situated in a healthful and 
picturesque part of Oregon, and the academy building is sur- 
rounded by extensive playgrounds,, groves, and orchards. Pupils 
are admitted from the age of five years upward. There are 
primary, preparatory, scientific, literary, music, and commercial 
courses. The original charter has been extended, raising Mt. 
Angel Academy to the rank of a college; it is, therefore, em- 
powered to confer scientific, literary, and commercial degrees. 

PHILOriATH COLLEGE, Philomath, J. M. C. Miller, M. S., 
President, is located in the foot-hills of the far-famed Willamette 
Valley, sixty miles from the Pacific coast. The college was 
founded in 1865 by the Oregon Annual Conference of the United 
Brethren in Christ. It is thoroughly Christian but not sectarian, 
the constant endeavor being to give advantages for a liberal fun- 

297 



Portland. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ore. 

damental education under the safest and happiest Christian 
influences at a minimum of expense. Besides the training 
department and the preparatory there are four courses : Classical, 
four years ; scientific, four years ; normal, three years, and 
commercial. The expenses for the year are $100, including board, 
tuition, books, and incidentals. 

PORTLAND ACADEMY, Portland, S. R. Johnston and J. R. 
Wilson, Principals. The academy, opened for instruction in 1889, 
was incorporated in 1892 for the purpose, as set forth in its con- 




stitution, " of teaching the principles of a scientific, classical, and 
literary education under Christian influence." The brick build- 
ing is complete in all its appointments, and , the laboratory and 
apparatus are modern and adequate. The corps of teachers is 
drawn mainly from graduates of Eastern colleges, and consists of 
teachers experienced in the work of their several departments. 
The school is organized in two departments, the academy 
proper and a preparatory school. The latter admits boys and girls 
at an early age and fits them for the academy ; the academy 
prepares them for college. 

PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE, Portland, A. P. Arm 
strong, LL. B., Principal, was established in 1866 and incorporated 
in 1889. It continues in session throughout the year, and offers 
courses in business, shorthand, English, and penmanship. A 

298 



Ore. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Salem. 

specialty is made of business practice, and this department of the 
school is complete in every respect. Its offices comprise a large 
bank, a wholesale department, and a general agency company. 

ST. HELEN'S HALL, Portland, Miss Eleanor E. Tebbetts, 
Ph. D., Principal. This school was established by the Rt. Rev. 
B. Wistar Morris, D. D., and was first opened on the sixth day of 
September, 1869, with Miss Mary B. Rodney as principal. Through 
the liberality of Mr. John D. Wolfe and his daughter, Miss Catha- 
rine Wolfe, of New York City, a site was purchased on Fourth 
Street, and the buildings then erected were occupied by the school 
till 1890. A new site was then secured upon a commanding 
height near the City Park and a new building was erected. After 
Miss Rodney's death in April, 1896, the school was continued to 
the close of the term by her sisters and assistants, Miss Lydia 
Rodney and Miss Clementina Rodney, and the following year Miss 
Tebbetts was called to the principalship. The school aims to give 
girls and young women thorough and well ordered instruction, 
fitting them for college when desired. The teachers are carefully 
chosen for scholarship and professional training. The four depart- 
ments are : Kindergarten, primary, intermediate, and academic. The 
equipment is unusually fine, and in addition to two small general 
libraries the school is the possessor of " The Mary B. Rodney 
Memorial Art Library," presented by the alumnae in 1897 in mem- 
ory of the first principal and joint founder of St. Helen's Hall. 
The school year comprises two terms and the charge for boarding 
pupils for the term is $160. 

THE CAPITAL BUSINESS COLLEGE, Salem, W. I. Staley, 
Principal. This school was established in September, 1889, and 
has seen eight years of steady growth. During these years the 
methods employed have been the latest practical methods known 
to business college work. The business course is arranged to 
meet the demands of modern principles and practice and is 
divided into three departments : Practical, business practice, and 
office practice. The shorthand course employs the Dement Pit- 
manic system. An English course is designed for those who do 
not wish to take bookkeeping in any of its various forms, and in- 
dividual or class instruction is given in spelling, business corre- 
spondence, business writing, commercial law, grammar, and 
arithmetic. 

WILLAflETTE UNIVERSITY, Salem, Willis Chatman Haw- 
ley, A. M., President, was founded by early pioneers and mission- 
aries in 1844. It is the center of the famous Willamette Valley, 
a region of unsurpassed fertility of. soil and beauty of scenery. 
The University owns twenty acres of land in the heart of the city, 

299 



Sodaville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Ore. 

has excellent college buildings, gymnasium, and athletic grounds. 
A stream of living water flows through the campus. The school 
is under the supervision of the Oregon Conference, Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and is well endowed. It offers graduate courses, 
the standard college classical and scientific courses, and has a pre- 
paratory school or academy in connection with its work on the 
campus. The University is co-educational, and has a famous 
alumni and alumnae roll. The University includes a College of 
Liberal Arts, College of Medicine, College of Law, College of 
Music, College of Oratory, and College of Art. Expenses of a 
student in the literary department vary from $125 to $350 per 
year, this including all expenditures. The history of Willamette 
University is an important part of the history of the Territory and 
State of Oregon. 

niNERAL SPRINGS COLLEGE, Sodaville, J. R. Geddes, 
A. M., President. This institution, which is under the auspices 
of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Oregon and Washing- 
ton, was incorporated under its present name in 1895, though it 
is the outgrowth of an educational movement in the denomination 
which dates back to 1858. The college owns four buildings, five 
acres of land, and numerous building lots, and is being rapidly 
placed on a sound financial basis. There are classical, scientific, 
literary, normal, business, music, theological, and college prepara- 
tory departments. Tuition in the business department is $6 per 
term ; in all other courses, $5 per term. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

THE WESTERN UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, 

Allegheny, W. J. Holland, D. D., LL. D., Chancellor, is the oldest 
institution of learning incorporated by law on the continent, west 
of the Allegheny Mountains, north of Tennessee. It has educated, 
in whole or in part, more than six thousand of the young men of 
the country. It includes the collegiate department, Engineering 
School, Western Pennsylvania School of Mines, Allegheny Obser- 
vatory, Western Pennsylvania Medical College, Pittsburg Law 
School, Pittsburg College of Pharmacy, Pittsburg College of Den- 
tal Surgery, the Emma Kaufman Clinic, and the Reineman 
Maternity Hospital. There are over seven hundred students and 
one hundred and twenty professors and instructors. Among some 
of the eminent men who were long connected with its faculty may 
be mentioned Prof. S. P. Langley, now the secretary of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, who for twenty years was the professor of 
astronomy ; Prof. J. E. Keeler, who has just become the director 
of the Lick Observatory, and who served for seven years as 

300 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Bethlehem. 

Professor Langley's successor; Prof. W. H. Barker, for many 
years professor of chemistry at Yale, and who is now at the 
University of Pennsylvania. Many others whose labors have 
shed lustre upon the institution might be named. At present the 
faculty contains a number of men of national and international rep- 
utation. Owing to its location in the city of Pittsburg, one of the 
greatest manufacturing and railway centers on the continent, it 
affords peculiar advantages to the student of engineering. The 
medical department of the University is one of the strongest in 
the country. 

ALLENTOWN COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, Allentown, the 
Rev. J. W. Knappenberger, A. M., President, was established in 
1867 under the auspices of the Reformed Church. It is vested 
with full collegiate powers, and received its present name by a 
new charter in 1893. It has a beautiful campus, and commodious 
buildings furnished with all modern appointments. The gymna- 
sium is one of the finest in Pennsylvania. While sectarianism is 
avoided, a religious tone pervades the institution, and devotional 
services are held in the chapel daily. There are three regular de- 
partments : Primary, academic, and collegiate. Besides these there 
are art and music departments. Both boarding and day students 
are admitted. All students who complete satisfactorily the 
studies in the collegiate course receive the degree of Bachelor of 
Letters. The annual expenses for boarding students in the 
academic department, including furnished room, board, light, heat, 
and tuition, are $220; in the collegiate department are $230. 

BEAVER COLLEGE AND MUSICAL INSTITUTE, Beaver, 
the Rev. A. Staples, A. M., President. The college has four 
courses leading to degrees. The degree of Bachelor of Arts will 
be conferred on those who complete the classical course, Bachelor 
of Science for the scientific course or Latin-scientific course, and 
Bachelor of Letters for the modern language course. The degree 
of Bachelor of Music will be conferred on those who complete the 
course in music, and for special courses a certificate will be given 
for the work covered. The year is divided into three terms. 
Tuition, per term, $20; tuition preparatory department, per term, 
$15 ; board, including furnished room, heat, light, washing, class 
lessons in physical culture and elocution, use of gymnasium, library 
and reading room, lectures, etc., etc., per term, $70. 

MORAVIAN COLLEGE AND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, 

Bethlehem, the Rev. Augustus Schultze, D. D., President, is under 
the auspices of the American branch of the Moravian Church. 
It was opened in 1807 at Nazareth, Pa. ; was removed to Bethle- 
hem in 1838, continuing there until 1851 ; was then transferred 

301 



Bethlehem. WHERE TO EDUCATE. p a . 

to Nazareth for a period of seven years, and finally removed to 
Bethlehem again in 1858. The course of study is arranged for 
six years. The regular charge for board and tuition is $250 per 
year. 

nORAVIAN SEMINARY AND COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, 

Bethlehem, J. Max Hark, D. U., Principal. Bethlehem has, per- 
haps, the most beautiful location in the entire Lehigh Valley. 
Pure mountain air and water guarantee its healthfulness. The 
Moravian Seminary for Young Ladies was founded in 1749. 
Its system is so ordered as to conduce to the health of the pupils, 
their social and spiritual welfare, and their intellectual training. 
There are two departments, the preparatory and the academic, the 
latter offering the choice of either a literary or a scientific course. 
In the college are three departments : The school of liberal arts, 
the school of fine arts, and the school of music. 

LEHIGH PREPARATORY SCHOOL, Bethlehem, H. A. 
Foering, B. S., Principal, was founded in 1878 by William Ulrich, 
Ph. D., a graduate of the University of Berlin, who gave to the 
school methods far more thorough than those of the ordinary 
American preparatory school. While its course is intended as a 
preparation for the classical course in any of the best colleges, it 
has especial reference to Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. There 
are three prizes of $100 each to the students passing the best 
examination tcrthe classical department of these three universities. 
The lower school receives a limited number of pupils between six 
and fourteen years old. The upper school has a technical course 
under the charge of the principal, and a classical course in charge 
of George A. Merkley, M. A., Ph. D., a graduate of Oxford. Tui- 
tion, lower school, $250 to $275 ; upper school, $300 to $350. 

THE MISSES SHIPLEY'S SCHOOL, PREPARATORY TO 
BRYN flAWR COLLEGE, Bryn Mawr, Miss Shipley, Miss 
Elizabeth Anthony Shipley, and Miss Katharine Morris Shipley, 
Principals. This school is primarily preparatory to Bryn Mawr 
College, but preparation is also given for other colleges, and an 
advanced course is offered for those not intending to enter college. 
All departments are under specialists, a number of whom are 
connected with Bryn Mawr College. In English an effort is made 
throughout the course to cultivate a taste for classics and a habit 
of reading good literature. Miss Aiken's method of mind training 
is employed with satisfactory results. The number of pupils is 
limited so that the students in residence do not lose the advan- 
tage of being members of a family. The rooms are not only 
attractive, but heating, light, and ventilation have been carefully 
considered. Outdoor exercise consists of basket-ball and tennis 

302 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Collegeville. 

in the grounds, excellent bicycling and skating in season, while 
the gymnasium affords opportunity for indoor exercise. 

METZGER COLLEGE, Carlisle, the Rev. William A. West, 
President. This school for young ladies was founded in 1882, and 
was at first known as Metzger Institute. It is located in the heart of 
the beautiful Cumberland Valley, the "garden spot of Pennsyl- 
vania." Its buildings and grounds are ample ; its rooms large, 
well furnished, and heated by steam ; its courses of study, classical, 
modern language and English, thorough. It is a home school, where 
teachers and taught come in close personal contact. Not more than 
thirty-five boarding students will be received. Expenses for the 
college year, including tuition, except for music and art, board, 
room, light, heat, and fifteen pieces of laundry per week, $250. 

THE CHAMBERSBURQ ACADEMY, Chambersburg, M. R. 
Alexander, A. M., Principal, was chartered by the State of Penn- 
sylvania in 1797. About the year 1825 the original building was 
replaced by another much larger. During the Civil War the 
structure was used as a hospital, and in 1864 was burned, to be 
rebuilt in 1868, with the addition of a second building in 1871. 
The classical and Latin-scientific courses cover the requirements 
necessary to enter the freshman class of any college. Expenses 
for board, tuition, washing and mending, heat and light for a year, 
$3- 

WILSON COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, Chambersburg, the 
Rev. S. A. Martin, D. D., President, is pleasantly located in a 
suburb of Chambersburg in the Cumberland Valley. The build- 
ings are roomy and well furnished, are steam heated, and lighted 
by electricity. The social and domestic life of the students is in 
charge of the lady principal. College courses leading to the de- 
grees of A. B. and B. S., a preparatory department, and schools of 
art and music are included in the college. The property now 
held is valued at $150,000, but the institution has no endowment. 
While the school is unsectarian in spirit, it is under the patronage 
of the Presbyterian denomination. The faculty numbers twenty- 
seven, not including special lecturers. Expenses for the year, $250. 
Tuition in all college studies, $60. 

PENNSYLVANIA BIBLE INSTITUTE, Coatesville, includes 
a training school, a department for Bible class circuits, and a de- 
partment for the conduct of an Evangelistic Bureau. The full 
course covers two years. The work is wholly supported by vol- 
untary offerings, and there is no charge for either board or tuition. 

URSINUS COLLEGE, Collegeville, Henry T. Spangler, D. D., 
President, is the youngest college, but one, in Pennsylvania. This 
institution is particularly favored in many respects. It is situated 

303 



Dryrun. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

in a beautiful and healthful village near Philadelphia, and easily 
accessible. It offers young men and women most thorough in- 
struction and ample educational equipment. There are five 
courses leading to the A. B. degree. The pervading spirit is 
modern and progressive. All professors are university-trained. 
Laboratory methods are employed in science and psychology. 
The academy of Ursinus College offers, in addition to a strong 
curriculum and a faculty of college-trained teachers, the mental 
stimulus and varied intellectual opportunities of a college commu- 
nity. Thorough preparation is given for any college. The dor- 
mitories are furnished, heated by steam, and thoroughly comfort- 
able and healthful. Expenses, $190 to $240 per year. 

PATH VALLEY ACADEflY, Dryrun, Franklin County, Wil- 
liam McElwee, Principal, was founded in 1875, by the Rev. S. C. 
Alexander, with a view to bringing classical culture into the beau- 
tiful but somewhat sequestered valley. Because of its position, it 
offers academic training at the unusually low rate of $115 per 
year. Many of the most brilliant professional men in the country 
received their early education here ; but the refinement of the 
valley is its best recommendation. 

EASTON ACADEnY, 114 North Third Street, Easton, S. R. 
Park, A. M., Principal, is a day and boarding preparatory school 
for young men and young ladies. The school was founded in 
1861. It has preparatory, academic, classical, normal, and com- 
mercial courses. Of the students during the last ten years, about 
eighty have represented the academy in different colleges, chiefly 
Lafayette, and more than fifty have become successful teachers. 
The number of boarders is limited to fifteen. 

LAFAYETTE COLLEGE, Easton, Ethelbert D. Warfield, A. M., 
LL. D., President. Chartered in 1826 ; opened in 1832, under the 
presidency of the Rev. George Junkin, D. D., LL. D. The col- 
lege is beautifully situated on a high plateau, overlooking the 
Delaware River. It has twenty-six members in its faculty, thirty 
buildings, and property of more than $1,000,000 in value. The 
courses of instruction consist of the classical, Latin scientific, 
general scientific, civil engineering, mining, electrical, and chemical 
courses. The beauty and healthfulness of its situation, the great 
ability of its instructors, among whom Prof. Francis A. March, 
LL. D., L. H. D., Litt. D., D. C. L., is especially distinguished, - 
and the strong emphasis put upon the importance of sound morals, 
has given the college a large and growing reputation. 

LERCH'S PREPARATORY SCHOOL, 13 South Fourth Street, 
Easton, Charles H. Lerch, Principal, has been in existence for 
fourteen years. The instruction and discipline of the school aim 

34 



/'a. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Harrisburg. 

at the acquisition of alertness, clearness of thought, exact expres- 
sion, and the development of sound principles. By careful individ- 
ual attention, pupils are directed on lines of broad culture, and 
are led to take an interest in their work. The school prepares for 
any college or for general business. 

KEYSTONE ACADEflY, Factoryville, the Rev. Elkanah Hul- 
ley, A. M., Principal, was opened under the auspices of the Bap- 
tist denomination in 1869. The main purpose of the school is 
that of preparing students for college. In all, about twenty- 
five hundred different persons have attended the academy, and 
graduates have entered unconditioned at Harvard, Yale, Brown, 
Wesleyan, Cornell, Lehigh, and Vassar. The greater part have 
entered Bucknell. 

THE THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY OF THE GENERAL 
SYNOD, Gettysburg, the Rev. Milton Valentine, LL. D., Presi- 
dent, was established by the General Synod of the Lutheran 
Church in 1826, being the first theological institution established 
by any Lutheran Synod in this country. It has always been noted 
for its inflexible orthodoxy, and for its high scholarly standard. 
From the first it required a regular academy course for admission 
and adopted an extensive three years' course of study. Almost all 
its alumni are college graduates. The seminary has sent forth 
eight hundred ministers. Tuition and room rent are free. 

GREENSBURG SEHINARY, Greensburg, J. Charles Hoch, 
Ph. D., Principal, was incorporated under the laws of Pennsylvania, 
in 1888, by the Educational Society of Westmoreland County. 
The buildings and grounds are owned and controlled by the Lu- 
theran Church, but the school is non-sectarian in its teaching. 
Four courses of study are conducted : Classical, commercial, nor- 
mal, music. 

EICHELBERG ACADEHY, Hanover, J. E. Bahn, Ph.D., 
Principal, is a co-educational school affiliated with the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, though non-sectarian in its teachings. The 
curriculum, planned to extend through seven years, is in conform- 
ity with the recommendations of the Report of the Committee of 
Ten on Secondary Schools, and corresponds to that of the best New 
England schools of like grade. A tuition fee of $9 will be charged 
for each term. Private board can be obtained in the town at from 
$2.50 per week upwards. 

HARRISBURG BUSINESS COLLEGE, 322 and 324 Market 
Street, Harrisburg, enjoys a large and growing popularity, and has 
sent many bright and promising young men to recruit the ranks 
of business men. The institution was organized in 1873, by Prof. 
John N. Curry, as a night school, and in 1880 day sessions were 

305 



Haverford. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

added. In 1885 Professor Garner, then one of the popular teach- 
ers of the school, assumed entire control. He reorganized and 
systematized the course of instruction. The same is eminently 
practical, and is under the direct personal charge of the principal, 
who is assisted by a large corps of able instructors. Special 
departments are open to young men and ladies who wish to better 
fit themselves for a thorough course of collegiate or commercial 
studies. School is in session during the entire year, except July 
and August, and as each student receives instructions independ- 
ently of the others, a start may be made at any time, and advance- 
ment will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness. 

HAVERFORD COLLEGE, Haverford, Isaac Sharpless, 
LL. D., President, is the outgrowth of an academy, Haverford 
School, opened under the auspices of the Society of Friends in 1833. 
In 1856 the school was changed to a college, and was authorized 
by the Legislature to grant degrees ; but previous to this time the 
course had been as extended as in many colleges. It was still 
hampered with a preparatory department, which was not abolished 
till 1 86 1. Beginning with 1863 a series of handsome college 
buildings have been erected, including Alumni Hall (1863), 
Barclay Hall (1876-77), Observatory (1883), and the Mechanical 
Laboratory (1890). Various bequests and donations were re- 
ceived during these years, and in 1897 was paid to the college 
the Jacob J. Jones endowment of about a million dollars. During 
this time, also, Haverford had developed into a fully organized 
college. The standard of admission was raised, and students of 
any denomination were admitted, though Friends still retained 
the general control. The number of teachers increased fivefold, 
and the endowment fund was much enlarged. The number of 
bound volumes in the library is (according to the catalogue of 
1897-98) 33,401. About $1,800 yearly are expended for the 
purchase of books and periodicals. There are three courses : 
Course in arts, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; course 
in science, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science ; course 
in mechanical engineering, leading to the degree of Bachelor of 
Science. Students must continue for two years the languages 
presented on admission. The degree of Bachelor of Arts will be 
given only to a student who takes either Latin or Greek. Students 
not candidates for a degree may, at the discretion of the faculty, 
be permitted to pursue special courses. The usual charge for 
tuition, board, and room rent in Barclay Hall is $500 a year. 
The charge for tuition is $150 a year. 

HICKORY ACADEflY, Hickory, Washington County, A. M. 
Reed, Principal ; Miss Mary Kithcart, Assistant Principal. This 
academy is located in one of the most beautiful and fertile farm- 

306 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lancaster, 

ing regions of Western Pennsylvania. The town is noted for the 
high moral tone of its citizens, its excellent society, and healthful- 
ness. There are two courses, classical and English. The object 
of the academy is to give young men and women a practical 
business education and a preparation for college or seminary. 
Students holding diplomas from this institution can be admitted 
to our first class colleges without examination. 

flARTIN ACADEMY, Kennett Square, Edgar Stinson, M. Sc., 
Principal, was founded by the late Samuel Martin for the purpose 
of affording the children of Friends and others a thorough and 
guarded education at small cost. It is a day school for both 
sexes, and comprises primary, intermediate, and academic depart- 
ments. It fits for college or for business. Tuition for the year 
in the academic and intermediate department, $34 ; in the primary, 
$25. 

FRANKLIN AND MARSHALL ACADEHY, Lancaster, 
Thaddeus G. Helm and Edwin M. Hartman, Principals. The 
academy is beautifully located near Franklin and Marshall Col- 
lege. The students' rooms are large and cheerful, completely 
furnished, and fitted with steam heat and electric light. Students 
have the advantages of gymnasium, military drill, and use of 
athletic field. The academy prepares boys for entrance to any 
college in the country, sending Out this year about forty students 
to the different colleges. There is a healthful and stimulating 
school atmosphere. Sincere and constant effort is made to incul- 
cate the virtues which make for manhood, and to inspire the spirit 
which is essential to advantageous work hi college and to future 
usefulness and success in the various walks of life. Terms, 
including tuition and boarding, $200 per year. 

FRANKLIN AND MARSHALL COLLEGE, Lancaster, 
John S. Stake, Ph. D., D. D., President. Franklin College, 
established at Lancaster in 1787, named after Dr. Benjamin 
Franklin, who laid the corner-stone and contributed to its en- 
dowment ; Marshall College, established at Mercersburg, Pa., 
1836, by the Reformed Church in the United States. These two 
institutions consolidated at Lancaster in 1852. The campus- 
comprises twenty-two acres. The location is unsurpassed. It 
has a fine new DePeyske Library, a gymnasium, and an athletic 
field ; military science and tactics by an officer of the United 
States army. Discipline excellent. Full classical course covering 
four years with degree of B. A. Tuition is free. College ex- 
penses, including room, board, and contingent fees, $175 per 
year. 

307 



Lancaster. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa 

THE YEATES INSTITUTE, Lancaster, the Rev. W. ' F. 
Shero, M. A., Head Master, was incorporated in 1857. It was 
liberally endowed by its founder, Miss Catharine Yeates, in 
memory of her father, Judge Yeates. The object of the school 
is the preparation of young men for admission to the universities, 
colleges, and scientific schools of the country. It is a school 
of the Episcopal Church, and its order and management are in 
conformity with the principles and spirit of the church. The 
school year is divided into three terms, Christmas, Easter, and 
Trinity. The tuition fees are payable in advance, at the begin- 
ning of each term: First form, $15; second, $15; third, $20; 
fourth, $20 ; and fifth, $25. 

LINCOLN UNIVERSITY, Lincoln, Chester County, the Rev. 
Isaac N. Rendall, D. D., President, was founded in 1854, to bring 
the benefits of a liberal Christian education within the reach of 
worthy colored young men. The theological department is con- 
trolled by the Presbyterian Church. From the collegiate depart- 
ment 582 young men have been graduated. Two hundred and 
fifty-two of the Lincoln students, have received ordination as 
ministers in evangelical Protestant denominations. Thirteen 
have gone as missionaries to Africa. The full college bill for 
the year is $121.50. 

LINDEN HALL SEMINARY, Lititz, Lancaster County, which 
was founded in 1794, is a school for young women. Lititz is on 
the Reading and Columbia Railroad, and is the terminus of 
an electric railroad from Lancaster. The buildings, beautifully 
situated, are heated by steam and lighted by electricity. There 
are ample recreation grounds. The seminary, while not sectarian, 
is controlled by the Moravian Church, and much emphasis is 
placed on religious teaching and influence. Besides thorough 
instruction in the usual branches, lessons are given in plain 
sewing and embroidery, and instruction on the guitar, mandolin, 
and violin. The expense for the school year is $250. The Rev. 
Charles L. Moench is president of the board of trustees and the 
Rev. Charles D. Kreider is principal. 

EDGEHILL INSTITUTE, Littlestown, the Rev. W. E. Krebs, 
A. M., Principal, is a family school, founded in 1885, that gives a 
good academical education and prepares for college. It has 
accommodations for eight boarders and about a dozen day pupils. 
There are three sessions of thirteen weeks each. Tuition, board, 
furnished room, heat, and light, $65 per session, or $195 per year. 
Tuition for day pupils, $10 per session. 

flEADVILLE THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL, Meadville, was 
incorporated by the Legislature of Pennsylvania in 1846. The 
institution is open to applicants from any -denomination, although 

308 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Myersto-wn. 

its patrons are to be found chiefly in the Unitarian body. Men 
and women are received on equal terms. Bachelors of art, science, 
letters, or philosophy are admitted to the junior class without 
examination. The library numbers twenty-eight thousand bound 
volumes and thirteen thousand pamphlets. Tuition is free. 
Necessary expenses for school year estimated at $150. 

MERCERSBURG ACADEMY, Mercersburg, W. M. Irvine, 
Ph. D., President, is a boys' school of the Reformed Church, offer- 
ing two courses of study, each of four years, the academic course 
and the English course. The academic gives a complete prepara- 
tion for any college in America ; the English furnishes a liberal 
general education, fitting either for business life or for entrance 
into a technical school. The faculty includes eight college gradu- 
ates. Board, tuition, furnished room, heat, light, laboratory, library 
and reading room facilities, per year, $250. 

THE WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA CLASSICAL AND 
SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE, Mount Pleasant, Henry C. Dixon, 
M. S., Principal. The Institute is an academy for both sexes 
situated near Chestnut ridge of the Alleghany Mountains, amid 
picturesque surroundings. It is under Baptist control, and was 
opened in 1873. Its courses of study are the classical and scien- 
tific, which prepare students for admission to any college, and the 
normal literary, which prepares for teaching. Besides the literary 
courses, departments of instrumental and vocal music and art are 
sustained under the direction of strong specialists. The endow- 
ment, which was secured in 1890, reduces the expenses to about 
$200 per annum. 

LAIRD INSTITUTE, Murrysville, J. R. Steeves, A. M., Prin- 
cipal, was organized in 1861 and incorporated in 1897. The 
school is co-educational and non-sectarian, and prepares for college. 
Full tuition per term of twelve weeks, $8. 

ALBRIGHT COLLEGE, Myerstown, C. A. Bowman, Ph. D., 
President, is located in the center of the Lebanon Valley, and on 
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The 
building is a substantial brick structure, and the campus is large,- 
elevated, and shaded by beautiful trees. The apartments, includ- 
ing students' rooms, are conveniently arranged, well ventilated, and 
heated by steam. Albright College was founded in Reading in 
1 88 1 ; from Reading the school was removed to Fredericksburg, 
where it was conducted under the name of Schuylkill Seminary 
until January, 1895, at which time it was removed to Myerstown, 
its present location. From 1895 to 1898 the school was known 
as Albright Collegiate Institute. In 1898 it was advanced to the 
grade of a college and took its present name. It is co-educational, 

309 



Mew Berlin. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

is under the patronage of the United Evangelical Church, and has 
a collegiate and an elementary department. Its courses in music, 
art, and elocution are unusually strong. 

CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE, New Berlin, the 
E.ev. Aaron E. Gobble, D. D., President. The institution was 
founded in 1855 as Union Seminary, and so continued till 1887, 
when it was raised to the collegiate standard and the name 
changed to Central Pennsylvania College. The college offers four 
courses of instruction, has a good reading room and a library of 
about five thousand volumes. There are two active literary societies 
connected with the college, besides a Young Men's Christian 
Association and other organizations such as are found in literary 
institutions. The location is a very healthful one, and the neces- 
sary expenses very moderate, ranging from $150 to $175 for a full 
year, embracing- tuition, boarding, and incidentals. 

WESTMINSTER COLLEGE, New Wilmington, the Rev. R. G. 
Ferguson, D. D., President. Classical, scientific, literary, and pre- 
paratory courses are offered. The following degrees are conferred : 
A. B., B. S., B. L., and A. M. There is a conservatory of music 
and an art department. The school is co-educational. The 
annual expenses of the student, exclusive of books and clothing, 
may be met by an expenditure of from $150 to $200 a year. 

CHELTENHAM MILITARY ACADEMY, Ogontz, John C. 
Rice, Ph. D., Principal. This academy is located in one of the 
most beautiful and healthful suburbs of Philadelphia on the sum- 
mit of the Chelten Hills. It was founded in 1871 by the Rev. 
Samuel Clements, D. D., and in the twenty-seven years of its 
history more than six hundred young men have been prepared for 
college or business life. The buildings are extensive and commo- 
dious and are kept in excellent condition. The grounds are finely 
shaded, and the athletic field of nearly six acres affords facilities 
for all manly sports. Military drill forms a part of the daily rou- 
tine, and military discipline is enforced to as great an extent as the 
welfare of the pupil and the interests of the school require. The 
classical, the Latin-scientific, and the modern language courses 
provide a thorough preparation for entrance to the best American 
colleges or scientific schools. The English course, which may be 
completed in six years, is intended for boys who have a business 
career in view and do not intend to enter college. The expense 
of board and tuition is $500 in the Lower and $600 in the Upper 
school. A reduction is made to clergymen and to officers of the 
army and navy. 

THE OGONTZ SCHOOL, Ogontz, Frances E. Bennett and 
Sylvia J. Eastman, Principals. This school, until 1883 known as 
the Chestnut Street Seminary, is situated in. the suburbs of 

310 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia. The buildings afford ample accommodations, the 
surroundings are attractive and healthful, and the appliances for 
the promotion of the well-being of pupils are all that could be 
desired. The Sargent system of physical training is used. Ogontz 
was the first girls' school to adopt the regular military drill, 
which has proven a valuable adjunct to mental as well as 
bodily development, inducing habits of quick perception and 
prompt obedience. With college equipment and instruction, it is 
not, however, a college, nor an attempted imitation of one. The 
course of study is fully rounded in itself, stretching in some 
branches into the second and third years of college work, and in 
others stopping on the threshold of such. Special attention is 
paid to English, the work in this branch being abreast of that in 







CHELTENHAM MILITARY ACADEMY. 



our best colleges. The department of music is large and con- 
ducted with the highest ability. The terms for board, laundry, 
lectures, and tuition are $1,000 per annum. 

MISS ANABLE'S SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES, 1350 
Pine Street, corner of Broad Street, Philadelphia, Isabella Anable, 
Principal. Miss Anable's English, French, and German Boarding 
and Day School for Young Ladies was established by Miss A. M. 
Anable in 1848, and is Philadelphia's oldest school for girls. It 
is thorough and progressive in all its departments, offering the 
advantage of a limited number of pupils, and the personal super- 
vision of the principal and her assistants. Pupils may pursue the 
prescribed course of study for graduation, or may select such 
studies as they prefer. The graduation course is designed to 
prepare pupils for college, at the same time including advanced 
courses in history, literature, and general culture. The terms for 
board and tuition are $500 to $600 per annum. 



Philadelphia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. . Pa. 

THE BROAD STREET CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, 1331 
South Broad Street, Philadelphia, Gilbert Raynolds Combs, 
Director, aims to impart a thorough musical education in the 
fullest sense of the term. The fundamental department receives 
the same careful and exacting attention as the finishing depart- 
ment. The latest methods are used ; there is a large faculty of 
specialists, and the musical library is valuable and extensive. A 
normal training course for teachers is included in the curriculum. 

THE BROWN COLLEGE PREPARATORY SCHOOL, Phila- 
delphia. This school furnishes several groups of studies, some 
that thoroughly prepare students for our best colleges and uni- 
versities, and others for those not contemplating a college course. 
The managers point with pride to a long list of graduates who, 
having become successful men, are a strong evidence of the bene- 
fits derived from the careful training of the school. The aim is 
to develop the pupil rather than to teach things ; to preserve the 
individuality of the student ; to develop the man that is in the 
boy ; to send out manly men. A healthy interest in athletics is 
encouraged. 

DREXEL INSTITUTE OF ART, SCIENCE, AND IN= 
DUSTRY, Philadelphia, James MacAlister, LL. D., President. 
Founded by Anthony J. Drexel, 1891. The main building is one 
of the finest devoted to educational purposes in the United States, 
and is unsurpassed in its equipment and appointments. The 
Institute embraces the following departments: (i) Department 
of Fine and Applied Art, embracing courses in drawing, painting, 
modelling, design and decoration, architectural drawing, illustra- 
tion ; (2) Department of Mechanic Arts, a three years' sys- 
tematic course in mathematics, mechanical drawing, freehand 
drawing, science, English, history, civics, shopwork in wood and 
iron, applied electricity ; (3) Department of Science and Tech- 
nology, embracing courses in electrical engineering, machine, 
construction, mechanical drawing ; (4) Department of Commerce 
and Finance, embracing the general course in commerce and 
finance and office courses in bookkeeping, stenography, and 
secretary's work ; (5) Department of Domestic Science and Arts, 
embracing courses in domestic science and the domestic arts : 
(6) Normal Department, for the training of special teachers of 
manual training, domestic science, and the domestic arts ; (7 ) 
Department of Physical Training ; (8) School for the training of 
librarians ; (9) Department of Evening Classes, courses in all 
the departments of the Institute and in choral music; (ib) De- 
partment of Free Public Lectures and Entertainments; (u) 
Library Department; (12) Museum Department. 

312 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Philadelphia. 

THE FRIENDS' SELECT SCHOOL, 140 North Sixteenth 
Street, Philadelphia, is the outgrowth of an educational movement 
organized among the Society of Friends in Philadelphia in 1832. 
In its present location, however, the institution dates from 1886. 
The purpose of the school is that of intellectual training under 
religious auspices and influence. There are four departments : 
Primary, secondary, intermediate, and higher. The higher de- 
partment contains a four years' course. Features of the school 
are the physical and manual training, for which the gymnasium 
and workshop afford opportunity, and the well selected library of 
fourteen thousand volumes. Tuition varies from $40 in the 
primary department to $110 in the higher. J. Henry Bartlett is 
superintendent. 

HAHNEHANN MEDICAL COLLEGE, Philadelphia, Pern 
berton Dudley, M. D., Dean. This widely known medical school 
was founded in 1848. It affords a four years' graded course and 
unexcelled clinical facilities. There are complete laboratories of 
anatomy, chemistry, histology, pathology, surgery, and obstetrics. 
During the year closing March 31, 1898, nearly twenty-seven 
thousand individual patients were treated in the various depart- 
ments of the hospital, and this clinical material is utilized for the 
instruction of students. 

LA SALLE COLLEGE, Broad and Stiles Streets, Philadelphia, 
is conducted by the Brothers of the Christian Schools, whose 
methods of teaching were handed down to them from their 
founder, the Blessed John Baptist de la Salle, and have been 
developed by the experience of two centuries. There are pre- 
paratory, mercantile, and college courses. The degrees awarded 
are A. B. and A. M. The charge per quarter is as follows : Col- 
legiate department, $20; mercantile, $20; preparatory depart- 
ment, class I., $20 ; preparatory, classes II., III., IV., V., $15. . 

THE flASTER BUILDERS' MECHANICAL TRADE 
SCHOOL, 1 8 to 24 South Seventh Street, Philadelphia, is con- 
ducted under the auspices of the Master Builders' Exchange, and 
comprises seven departments, in which instruction is given in the 
following trades : Carpentry, bricklaying, plastering, stonecutting, 
blacksmithing, painting, and plumbing. For the present, evening 
classes only are formed. The charge for the course of nine 
months is $27. 

PALMER'S COLLEGE, 405, 406 Betz Building, Broad Street, 
Philadelphia, Orson R. Palmer, Principal, includes an evening and 
a day school, and offers shorthand and full business courses. 
Lessons in shorthand will be given by mail. 



Philadelphia. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Pa. 



THE PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE OF DENTAL 5URGERY, 

Eleventh Street, below Spruce, Philadelphia, C. N. Peirce, D. D. S., 
Dean. This college is one of the three oldest institutions of its 
class in the United States, having been in existence for more than 
forty years. Its course of instruction embraces the following 
branches : Anatomy and surgery, operative and prosthetic dentistry, 
materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and metallurgy, 
physiology and pathology, dental anatomy and histology, and 




clinical dentistry. The fees are : Matriculation, $5 ; yearly tuition, 
$100 ; dissecting ticket, $10 ; and diploma, $30. Women admitted, 
of whom the school has graduated about one hundred since 1877. 

PENNSYLVANIA INSTITUTION FOR THE INSTRUC= 
TION OF THE BLIND, 2001 Race Street, Philadelphia, Edward 
E. Allen, Principal, was established in 1833, being with the schools 
at Boston and New York City one of the three pioneer institutions 
for the blind in the United States. The aim of the school is to 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Philadelphia. 

educate the blind of the State, with a view to making them self- 
respecting and good citizens. All those not having sufficient 
sight to be educated in the public schools are eligible to admit- 
tance, and the earlier children are sent to the school the more can 
be done for them. The Institution is non-sectarian. Pupils are 
required to attend the Sunday morning services at the church 
their parents may designate. The course of instruction includes 
the branches usually taught in the public kindergartens and 
schools, and such higher studies as the pupil can profitably under- 
take. Every faculty is provided for a thorough musical educa- 
tion. All pupils spend more or less time in the manual training 
and work department. There the boys are taught wood-working, 
bead-making, hammock, broom, and mattress making, carpet weav- 
ing, and cane seating ; the girls, hand and machine sewing, mend- 
ing, knitting, crocheting, and, in some cases, cooking. The fee for 
those able to pay it is $300 for the school year. The buildings of 
the Institution have long been inadequate and poorly arranged, 
but a new plant is now being erected at Overbrook, six miles 
from the heart of Philadelphia, in a tract of twenty-six acres. The 
new buildings are constructed upon plans that have been given 
careful study and thought by those experienced in the education 
of the blind. 

PHILADELPHIA flUSICAL ACADEMY, 1617 Spruce 
Street, Philadelphia, Richard Zeckwer, Director, was founded in 
1870 ; offers, besides many other departments, four distinct depart- 
ments for piano instruction : Primary, intermediate, main, and 
finishing departments. The faculty is made up of specialists who 
have received the best European education. The students num- 
ber eleven hundred. Terms for a quarter of ten weeks, two 
lessons a week, $7.50 to $20. 

RITTENHOUSE ACADEflY, Corner Chestnut and Eighteenth 
Streets, Philadelphia, De Benneville K. Ludwig, Ph. D., Principal, 
prepares young men and boys for college, scientific school, or busi- 
ness. Boys are received into the lowest form as soon as they can 
read with intelligence. The number of pupils is limited, thus 
insuring individual attention to each. There is a well appointed 
gymnasium. The tuition fees are as follows : First form $80 and 
$100, according to the pupil's advancement; second and third 
forms, $125 ; fourth, fifth, and sixth forms, $150. A discount of 
33 YZ per cent, made to ministers and ministerial students. 

SCHOOL FOR GIRLS OF THE EVANGELICAL LU- 
THERAN riOTHERHOUSE OF DEACONESSES, (Mary J. 

Drexel Home), Philadelphia, the Rev. O. Goedel, Principal, was 
opened in 1890 and is a branch of the Deaconess Institution. 



Philadelphia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

Both day pupils and boarders are admitted. The material wants of 
the pupils are in charge of the Sister Superior, Emilie Schwarz. 
Each class has a daily lesson in religion. Only German is spoken 
on certain days and only English on others. Great attention is 
paid to the instruction in sewing, knitting, and women's handiwork 
generally. Boarding pupils pay $200 annually. 

THE SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART of the Pennsylvania 
Museum, Philadelphia, C. W. Miller, Principal, represents the 
most comprehensive effort that has yet been made in America to 
apply the principles of art, as of science to the technical processes 
of existing industries. Its promoters and instructors believe that 
art is to be studied, not as a thing apart from the great tendency 
of the productive energy of the age, but rather that it ought to be 
the informing spirit of this tendency. They believe that mechani- 
cal devices and scientific methods of every kind should be utilized, 
not rejected, by art. Its classes are technical as well as artistic. 
Its professors are eminently practical men, and its graduates really 
go to work in responsible and commanding positions as producers. 
Established in 1876 to perpetuate the lessons of the Centennial 
Exhibition, it has been the chief exponent of the industrial art idea 
in this country, and the model which has been more or less frankly 
imitated in all the organizations with a similar purpose which have 
come into existence since that time. The courses include drawing, 
painting, and modelling from cuts and the life, decorative paint- 
ing and design ; architecture and the allied arts, including prac- 
tice in all important technical processes, such as carving, leather 
work, metal work, pyrography, tapestry painting, etc., as well as 
everything relating to the production of textiles. Extensive 
mechanical laboratories, making it possible for pupils to turn out 
all kinds of fabrics that have been woven and dyed as well as 
designed by themselves. This technical instruction includes a 
study of raw materials and such processes as carding and spinning. 
Great attention is paid to industrial chemistry, and graduates are 
eagerly sought as superintendents of industrial establishments, as 
well as designers, modellers, decorators, etc. The school is sub- 
sidized by the city and the State, and its fees are very moderate, 
not over $60 a year for the majority of students. A liberal 
system of free scholarships is provided for residents of Penn- 
sylvania. 

SCHOOLS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA ACADEflY OF THE 
FINE ARTS, Broad Street, Philadelphia, H. H. Breckenridge, 
Secretary of the Faculty. These schools are (1898-99) in their 
ninety-third year. The school year is divided into two terms of seven- 
teen weeks each. A number of valuable money prizes are offered, 
and the travelling scholarship of $800, providing for one year's 

316 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Philadelphia. 

study abroad, is available annually. The monthly work of the 
student is the principal factor in determining the award of this 
scholarship. Exhibitions of the students' work are held each year 
in the spring and fall. Fees for regular courses : Day life and 
head course, $30 per term; day antique course, $15 per term; 
women's afternoon life course, $15 per term; men's night life 
course, $12 per term ; night antique course, $12 per term. 

THE TEflPLE COLLEGE, Broad and Berks Streets, Phila- 
delphia, Russell H. Conwell, President, is a unique educational 
enterprise. It offers for a nominal fee a complete education, from 
the lowest kindergarten grades to the university, and has both 
day and evening sessions. Organized in 1884 as a non-sectarian 
movement, and regularly incorporated in 1888, it has grown to such 
magnitude that up to the present over thirty-six thousand students 
have matriculated, while the total number in attendance on classes 
in 1897-98 reached 3,545, and including those attending public 
lectures, 7,395. The power to confer degrees was granted in 
1892, and the present elegant building was completed in 1894. 
At present the regular instructors number sixty-one, while thirty- 
one different courses are offered to the students. The following 
departments are included : I. University Grade, Law School 
(LL. B.) ; Divinity School (B. D.) ; Post-graduate courses (M. A. and 
Ph. D.). II. College Grade, Course in Arts (B. A.) ; Course in 
Science (B. S.) ; Course in Philosophy (Ph. B.) ; Four years' course 
in business (Ph. B.) ; Course in Music (B. M. and Mus. Doc.). 
III. Preparatory Grade, College Preparatory ; Medical Prepara- 
tory ; Scientific Preparatory ; Law Preparatory. IV. Business 
Grade, Bookkeeping Course ; Stenography Course. V. Normal 
Grade, Normal courses for kindergartners, elementary teachers, 
also teachers of household science, physical training, music, 
millinery, and dressmaking. All graduates receive teachers' 
diplomas. VI. . Elementary Grade, Grammar schools, primary 
schools, kindergarten schools. VII. Special Courses, Painting, 
drawing, telegraphy, physical training. VIII. Domestic Science, 
Dressmaking, millinery, cooking, embroidery. IX. School for 
Nurses (with Samaritan Hospital). The college year is divided 
into two terms of four and one half months each. The annual 
fees for college courses in the day department are $60, in the 
evening department are $10. Requirements for admission are the 
same as at Harvard. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, founded 1740, is 
located at Philadelphia, occupying some fifty acres of land near 
the banks of the Schuylkill River. It comprehends the following 
departments : The College, including (in the School of Arts) the 
courses in arts and science, finance and economy, biology, music (in 



Philadelphia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

the Towne Scientific School), architecture, science and technology, 
mechanical and electrical engineering, civil engineering, chemistry, 
chemical engineering ; the Department of Philosophy (Graduate 
School) ; the Department of Law ; the Department of Medicine ; 
the University Hospital ; the Auxiliary Department of Medicine ; 
the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology ; the Laboratory of 
Hygiene ; the Department of Dentistry ; the Department of Veter- 
inary Medicine ; the Veterinary Hospital ; the University Library ; 
the Museum of Archaeology and Paleontology ; the Flower Astro- 
nomical Observatory ; the Department of Physical Education. In 
addition to the spacious and substantial buildings required for 
these departments, there is an extensive dormitory system, con- 
sisting of separate but contiguous houses of the highest architec- 
tural and hygienic type, and large athletic grounds, known as 
Franklin Field. An extensive botanic garden is attached to the 
Biological School. Tuition fees vary in the different departments, 
but, with board (in or out of the dormitories) and other expenses, 
average from $350 to $450 for a school year of thirty-seven weeks. 
Full details are given in circulars of each department, mailed free 
on application to its dean, or in a general catalogue, price ten 
cents, for which application should be made to J. Hartley Merrick, 
Assistant Secretary, University of Pennsylvania. In 1898 there 
were 258 instructors, and 2,834 students, representing forty-one 
States and Territories, and thirty foreign countries. The provost 
is Charles Curtis Harrison, LL.D., and the governing body con- 
sists of twenty-four trustees, of life tenure, one-third of whom 
represent the alumni. 

WAGNER FREE INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE, Montgomery 
Avenue and Seventeenth Street, Philadelphia, Henry Leffmann, 
President, was founded in 1855 by the late William Wagner. 
Having spent many years of his life in the pursuit of science, and 
having made large collections of natural history specimens, he 
determined, with the cheerful cooperation of his wife, Louisa 
Binney Wagner, to devote all the material he had acquired, 
together with his whole fortune, to the establishment and main- 
tenance of a Free Institute of Science. There are four depart- 
ments of work : Instruction by lectures, the museum, the library, 
and original research. 

THE WILLIAfl PENN CHARTER SCHOOL, 8 and 10 South 
Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Richard M. Jones, LL. D., Head 
Master. In 1689 the first public school in Pennsylvania was 
established at Philadelphia, under the care of George Neith. It 
was incorporated February 12, 1698, and was chartered by William 
Penn in 1711. The William Penn Charter School, the largest 
boys' day school of its class in the United States, is its legitimate 

318 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pittsburg. 

successor. The entire course of study extends through three 
schools: The lower, the junior, and the senior. The course of 
the senior school is arranged to meet the demands of those 
intending to complete their studies at the William Penn Charter 
School, those preparing for a scientific or technical school, and 
those aiming for a classical course in college. Boys who satis- 
factorily complete the studies are awarded a diploma. The school 
buildings are thoroughly modern and completely equipped. Tui- 
tion, including instruction in all branches of the course, is, in the 
lower school, $100; in the junior school, $150; and in the senior 
school, $200 per annum. 

THE WOMAN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE OF PENNSYL= 
VANIA, North College Avenue and Twenty-first Street, Phila- 
delphia, Clara Marshall, M. D., Dean, offers a four years' course, 
given by means of lectures, demonstrations, laboratory work, reci- 
tations, and clinical teaching. Applicants for admission to the 
regular college course must be not less than eighteen years of age, 
and must pass a preliminary examination in English, arithmetic, 
algebra, physics, and Latin. A degree in Arts from any college 
in good standing, a regents' certificate of the University of the 
State of New York, or (under specified conditions) a diploma from 
any high grade school or teacher's certificate from a county super- 
intendent of schools, may be substituted for the entrance examina- 
tion. The clinical advantages are excellent. Students who have 
reached the age of twenty-one years, and have completed the 
requirements for graduation, receive the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. The cost of a general lecture and laboratory ticket is 
as follows : First year, $130 ; second year, $135 ; third year, $135 ; 
fourth year, $100. 

THE ALINDA COLLEGE PREPARATORY SCHOOL FOR 
GIRLS, Pittsburg, Miss Ella Gordon Stuart, Principal, is situated 
in one of the most desirable residence portions of the city. Now 
in its seventh year, it has representative students at Bryn Mawr, 
Smith, Vassar, and Wellesley, who give evidence of the thorough 
training furnished by the school. A course of study, which is 
especially strong in English and the modern lauguages, for girls 
not preparing for college is also a feature of the Alinda School 
work. In the last year of this course are given lectures on current 
topics and the history of art, and students are prepared for travel 
in Europe and the East. A branch of the Alinda school has lately 
been established in Sewickley, furnishing the same courses of 
study, and having classes of exactly the same grades. A boarding 
department for girls has been added to the Sewickley School, 
which offers a home to a limited number of resident students. In 
this home, pupils of the Alinda School may be placed for a few 



Pittsburg. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

weeks or months, during the absence of their parents from the 
city, and thus avoid any interruption in the year's work. 

DUFF'S MERCANTILE COLLEGE, 19 Fifth Avenue, Pitts- 
burg, William H. Duff, Principal. The institution was founded 
in 1840 at a time when no similar institution existed. It has kept 
thoroughly abreast of the times, and offers a practical business 
education at a reasonable rate. Actual business is pursued in 
connection with theoretical instruction. The entire expenses of 
the course of ten weeks, including tuition, board, books, and 
stationery, and washing, are $105. 

PITTSBURG COLLEGE OF THE HOLY GHOST, Pitts 
burg, the Rev. J. T. Murphy, C. S. Sp., President, was opened in 
1878, and incorporated with power to grant the usual college and 
university degrees in 1882. The institution occupies a massive 
and costly building dedicated in 1885. There are three distinct 
departments : Grammar department ; classical department (divided 
into academic and collegiate) ; commercial and business depart- 
ment. Tuition, per session of ten months, all departments, $60. 
Tuition and board, with washing and mending of linen, $250. 

PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, Miss R. J. 

De Vore, President. This college, situated among the beautiful 
homes of the east end of Pittsburg, combines the advantages 
accruing from life in a large city with the seclusion of a country 
residence. There are eleven acres of well kept grounds around 
the buildings, which stand on a high hill overlooking the city. 
Ttyree minutes' walk takes one from the college, through " Wood- 
land Avenue " which has been aptly named to the Fifth Avenue 
electric cars, leading to the business parts of the city, and to sev- 
eral of the many parks which beautify Pittsburg. A marked 
characteristic of this college is its refined and happy home life. 
Not more than fifty or sixty students, with the faculty, make up 
the family, the day students from Pittsburg and surrounding 
cities bringing up the enrolment to nearly two hundred. Two 
full courses of study are offered : The college preparatory, and 
the regular college work of four years, leading to the degrees B. L. 
and B. A. The training given in each course, under the direction 
of college-bred women, is thorough and systematic. Certificates 
are awarded on the completion of specified work in music, art, and 
elocution. These departments are finely equipped. Three hundred 
and thirty dollars to $400 cover the expenses for board, tuition, 
and room. Choice of rooms is allowed the students, but all rooms 
are attractive and well furnished. Tuition for day students is $100 
per annum. 

320 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Sewickley. 

THE HILL SCHOOL, Pottstown, John Meigs, Ph. D., Principal, 
was established in 1851 by the Rev. M. Meigs, LL. D., ex-presi- 
dent of Delaware College, and reorganized in 1876. The school 
property comprises over forty acres, and the grounds, on which 
the magnificent new building stands, overlook the beautiful Schuyl- 
kill Valley. The high scholarly aim of the institution is no less 
marked than its purpose to develop symmetrical character. To 
the latter end, the number of pupils is so far restricted that per- 
sonal attention can be given to the physical, social, and moral 
growth of the students. There are ample athletic grounds, a gym- 
nasium, and a large swimming pool. Military drill is compulsory, 
and while under the direction of an experienced officer, resident 
in the town, the corps is regularly organized, with officers from the 
school. The teachers are carefully chosen, and the curriculum 
includes all studies necessary for college preparation, and for the 
enjoyment of life. The annual charge for tuition, board, fuel, 
laundry, and lights, is $775. 

ROSE POINT ACADEMY, Rose Point, G. H. McKay, A. M., 
Principal. This institution has five courses of study : Normal, 
business, college preparatory, music, and scientific. The location 
is in the midst of some of the most beautiful and romantic scenery 
in Pennsylvania on the line of the Buffalo, Rochester and Pitts- 
burg Railway. The town is free from all the evil influences that 
are apt to lead the student astray. The opportunity is given to 
students to secure a good education that will fit them for business 
or professional life at an exceedingly small cost. Instruction in all 
departments is very thorough. 

SUSQUEHANNA UNIVERSITY, Selinsgrove, the Rev. J. R. 
Dimm, D. D., President, was founded under Lutheran auspices in 
1858, and with the name Missionary Institute. It was virtually a 
theological seminary designed to train young men for the Lutheran 
ministry, although a short classical course was included in the 
curriculum. This department, at first subordinate, became para- 
mount in efficiency and importance about 1882, and in 1894 the 
course, which formerly prepared for the junior year of the neigh- 
boring colleges, was itself elevated into a full college course. The 
name of the institution was now changed to its present one, further 
professorships were added, and a large new building was erected. 
The courses are : Theological course of three years, classical 
course, leading to degree B. A., Latin scientific (B. S.), Greek 
scientific (B. S.), and preparatory. Cost of an entire year's resi- 
dence and tuition, $125 to $150. 

fllSS STUART'S COLLEGE PREPARATORY SCHOOL, 

Sewickley. This school, which is a branch of the Alinda College 
Preparatory School of Pittsburg, has been opened during the present 

321 



South Bethlehem. WHERE TO EDUCATE.- Pa. 

season, and is pleasantly located in Thorn Street, in the town of 
Sewickley. It is Miss Stuart's aim to establish a school which 
shall give every advantage for college preparation, while providing 
a thorough course for pupils who do not desire to enter college. 
A home has been established in connection with the school where 
a limited number of girls will be received for the school year. 
Owing to the close vicinity of Pittsburg, it is possible to offer 
resident pupils many advantages in the way of lectures, concerts, 
etc., which would otherwise be unattainable. 

THE LEHIGH UNIVERSITY, South Bethlehem, Thomas 
Messinger Drown, LL. D., President. In the year 1865 the sum 
of $500,000 was appropriated by the Hon. Asa Packer, of Mauch 
Chunk, towards establishing an educational institution in the 
Lehigh Valley. To this munificent gift the founder added that 
of 115 acres of land in South Bethlehem, and by his last will he 
secured to the University an endowment of $1,500,000, and to the 
University library, $500,000. The design of Judge Packer was 
that of affording " a complete education, technical, literary, and 
scientific, for those professions represented in the development of 
the peculiar resources of the surrounding region." To this end, 
the University is divided into the School of General Literature 
and the School of Technology, the former of which embraces the 
classical, Latin-scientific, and science and letters courses, and 
the latter the civil engineering, mechanical engineering, mining 
engineering, electrical engineering, and chemistry courses. Work 
in all departments is notably exacting and thorough. The teach- 
ing force includes eighteen professors and assistant professors, 
and twenty-four lecturers, instructors, and assistants. The stu- 
dents, drawn from over forty States, number over three hundred. 
The graduates number over one thousand, and a still larger 
number, besides, have here received at least a partial training for 
business or professional life. The buildings, which are numerous 
and handsome, include a library containing ninety-seven thousand 
volumes, a large and well equipped physical laboratory, a building 
costing over $200,000, which is devoted to the chemical, mineral- 
ogical, and metallurgical laboratories, and an expensive gym- 
nasium. The latter is under the supervision of a competent 
instructor, and is furnished with the latest and most approved 
apparatus. All students are required to undergo a rigid physical 
examination before being admitted to its privileges. Tuition for 
students in the technical courses is $100 per annum, for students 
in the school of general literature is $60. 

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE, located in the 
borough of State College, Centre County, in one of the most beau- 
tiful and healthful portions of the Allegheny region. President, 

322 




Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Towanda. 

George W. Atherton, A. M. (Yale), LL. D. (Franklin and Marshall) ; 
faculty and instructors, forty-three. General courses : Classical, 
Latin-scientific, general science, philosophy. Technical courses : 
Agriculture, biology, chemistry, engineering (civil, electrical, me- 
chanical, mining), mathematics, physics. These courses are 
grouped in seven " Schools : " Agriculture ; natural science ; mathe- 
matics and physics ; engineering ; mines ; language and literature ; 
history, political science, and philosophy. The buildings and equip- 
ment are very extensive, and mostly new. The engineering build- 
ing is probably the finest of its kind in the United States. Ladies 
are admitted to all courses. Military drill is required under charge 
of an officer of the United States regular army, detailed by the 
President for that purpose. The income of the college is derived 
from interest on the proceeds of the United States land grant of 
1862 and from State appropriations. Tuition is free in all 
courses. Graduate courses and a limited number of fellowships 
are provided. 

SWARTHflORE COLLEGE, Swarthmore, William W. Bird- 
sail, B. S., President, was founded in 1864 by the Society of 
Friends. A property of 240 acres was secured, ten miles from 
Philadelphia, on the Central Division of the Philadelphia, Wilming- 
ton, and Baltimore Railroad. About half the land is used for 
farming purposes, providing milk and vegetables for the college, 
the rest is devoted to lawn and pleasure grounds. The building 
site is high, securing perfect drainage and pure air. The princi- 
pal college building is a magnificent stone structure 348 feet long. 
All the buildings are heated throughout by steam, and thoroughly 
ventilated. The laboratories, machine shop, foundries, observa- 
tory, etc., are fully equipped with appropriate apparatus, and the 
separate gymnasiums for the young men and young women are 
furnished with the most modern appointments. There are nearly 
nineteen thousand volumes in the library. Four courses are 
offered : Arts, letters, science, and engineering. These lead re- 
spectively to the degrees : Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Letters, 
Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of Science in Engineering. 
Master's degrees and the degree of Civil Engineer are conferred 
on graduates after the completion of specified courses of study. 
Board and tuition are $400 per year. The annual tuition of day 
students is $150. 

SUSQUEHANNA COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Towanda, E. 
E. Quinlan, A. M., Principal, has a high and healthful location, 
and the best railway connections. The school was chartered in 
1850, under direction of the Presbytery of Susquehanna, and, at 
the union of this with the Presbytery of Lackawanna, it passed 
under the care of the latter religious body. The instruction of the 

323 



Upland. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

school is divided into three departments, English, commercial, and 
academic. Thorough preparation is given for college or for busi- 
ness. Board, tuition, and room, with steam heat and with light, 
per year of forty weeks, $200. 

CROZER THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY, Upland, Henry G. 
Weston, President, is located in an attractive village fourteen miles 
south of Philadelphia. The post-office address is Chester, Delaware 
County, Pa. The faculty of the school includes eight names ; the 
student body, nearly one hundred. The Seminary, while under 
Baptist auspices, is open to all members of Christian churches 
of any denomination. Founded in 1867, its thirty years of history 
represents substantial growth. The library now contains over 
fourteen thousand bound volumes, besides a large number of valu- 
able pamphlets selected with great care in Europe and in this country. 
The buildings are commodious and well arranged. No charge is 
made for tuition, room rent, servants' attendance, fuel, light in the 
public rooms, or use of the library. Students furnish light for 
their own rooms. There is a boarding department where excellent 
board may be obtained at about $3 per week. 

TRINITY HALL, Washington (one hour from Pittsburg), Wil- 
liam W. Smith, A. M., Rector ; Ulysses Grant Smith, M. S., com- 
mandant and instructor in military tactics and calisthenics. 
Trinity Hall, a boarding school for boys, is situated on an 
eminence twelve hundred feet above tide water and in a beauti- 
ful and healthful location. The design of the school is to educate 
boys in the various English branches, in mathematics, and in the 
ancient and modern languages, preparing them for the best colleges, 
or for business. Owing to the limited number of pupils received, 
and the strength and ability of the corps of instructors, each boy is 
given an amount of personal instruction impossible in a larger in- 
stitution. While not a military school, a modified military training 
is found invaluable, and a regular course of light gymnastics and 
calisthenics continued throughout the year leads up to the drill 
under arms. The terms are $500 for the school year. 

THE WASHINGTON BUSINESS COLLEGE, Washington, 
Louis Van Orden, Principal, is a commercial, English, shorthand 
and typewriting school for both sexes. Terms, $50 per annum; 
evening sessions, $25. 

WAYNESBURG COLLEGE, Waynesburg, A. B. Miller, LL. D., 
President, is under the control of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, and has been in operation since 1850. Number of stu- 
dents, 376 ; instructors, fifteen; books in the library, three thou- 
sand ; buildings, two ; general courses, six ; other courses, eight. 

324 



Pa. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Westtown Township. 

The courses follow : Classical (B. A.), scientific (B. S.), literary 
(B. L.), philosophic (Ph. B.), elective, normal (Master of Didactics). 
The other courses are : M. A. course for graduates, Ph. D. course 
for graduates, music, commercial, oratory and physical culture, 
three courses in art. A specialty of the school is study of the 
English Bible. Tuition per term of thirteen weeks, $9. Board, 
furnished room, fuel, and light, per week, $3 to $3.50. 

HISS SPALDING'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS> 3911 Spruce 
Street, West Philadelphia, Miss Edna Spalding, Principal, presents 
a course of study comprising English, Latin, French, German, 
drawing, literature, both American and English, composition, and 
mathematics. The number of pupils is limited and references are 
required. The tuition for house pupils is $500 per annum. Music 
and painting, under Miss Delphine Spalding's special guidance, 
are extras. 

MRS. SUTTON'S HOflE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 3509, 
3511, and 3513 Hamilton Street, West Philadelphia, Mrs. Annie 
M. Sutton, Miss Mary E. Roney, Principals. The aim of this 
school is to provide a pleasant home, combined with a thorough 
course of instruction. It is in one of the most beautiful parts of 
Philadelphia, and the high ground and quiet neighborhood render 
its location healthful and well adapted to school purposes. The 
boarding pupils, whose number is limited to sixteen, receive the 
personal supervision of the principals, who endeavor to carry into 
effect that home training which is so necessary a part of a girl's 
education. The teachers of the various departments have, made a 
careful study of the best methods of imparting instruction. Cer- 
tificates admit to Wellesley and Mt. Holyoke, and pupils are pre- 
pared for other colleges. The charge for boarding pupils is $500 
per year, and for day pupils from $20 to $60 per term, according 
to the grade. 

THE WESTTOWN BOARDING SCHOOL, Westtown Town- 
ship, Chester County, is under the patronage of the Society of 
Friends, and only members of that body are admitted. The school 
was opened in the spring of 1799, since which year more than 
eleven thousand boys and girls have received their education 
there. The buildings are on high ground near the center of a 
tract of six hundred acres belonging to the institution. In addi- 
tion to an exceptionally thorough curriculum, much attention is 
paid to social life and to physical development. There is a normal 
department, a course for the boys in manual training, and instruc- 
tion for the girls in sewing and cooking. The expense for board 
arid tuition is $180 a year. William F. Wickersham is Principal. 

325 



Wilkesbarre, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Pa. 

HARRY HILLMAN ACADEflY, Wilkesbarre, Harry C. Davis, 
Ph.D., Principal, was organized in 1878. Its distinctive aim is 
that of preparing boys thoroughly for college or technical school. 
Few preparatory schools in the country have so high a standard. 
There are at the present writing (1898) more than forty-five gradu- 
ates of the academy in fourteen higher institutions of learning; 
most of these have made notable records. But while scholarship 
is emphasized, the gymnasium and the large athletic field are 
reminders that* physical culture is not neglected. The tuition 
varies from $50 to $100 for resident pupils, and for non-resident 
pupils the annual expense, including board, amounts to $450. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

ST. GEORGE'S SCHOOL FOR BOYS, Newport, John B. 
Diman, A.M., Head Master, was opened October i, 1896. The 
school is small, and its daily life resembles that of a large family. 
It is the aim of the school to prepare boys for any of the colleges 
or scientific schools of the country ; to secure such a simple and 
regular course of life and such constant out-of-door exercise as 
shall develop strong and sound bodies as well as clear and active 
minds ; and to implant and strengthen in the boys' minds motives 
to right action which shall permanently control their lives. The 
charge for tuition, board, and washing is $650 a year, payable 
half-yearly in advance, and for day pupils $150 a year. 

THE fllSSES BRONSON'S HOME AND DAY SCHOOL, 

Providence. The house is large and sunny and the location is 
one of the healthiest in the city. The school has three depart- 
ments : Kindergarten, primary, and high school preparatory. The 
home department is designed particularly for young girls who for 
any reason must be sent from home. Superior home influences 
and advantages are offered. Special arrangements may be made 
for any desiring to take special studies with music or a college 
preparatory course. The terms for tuition and board are $500 
and $600. 

BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, was founded as Rhode 
Island College in 1764 at Warren, R. I. Its denominational 
control is Baptist, with a liberal charter. The college was moved 
to Providence, and University Hall was built in 1770. In 1804 
its name was changed in honor of Nicholas Brown, its chief 
benefactor. The presidents have been : James Manning, Jonathan 
Maxcy, Asa Messer, Francis Wayland, Barnas Sears, Alexis Cas- 
well, Ezekiel G. Robinson, E. Benjamin Andrews. A medical 
department was maintained 1811-28. The Women's College 
was established in 1892. The buildings at present number fifteen. 

326 



R. I. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Providence. 

The library contains one hundred thousand volumes. The observa- 
tory is provided with a twelve-inch telescope. The campus con- 
tains ten acres, besides an athletic field. The professors and 
instructors number eighty, the students 860, including 101 gradu- 
ate students. There are twenty-five departments of instruction. 
Physical training is compulsory throughout the course. The 
necessary expenses of the student vary from $300 to $400 a year. 
The total number of graduates is nearly five thousand, of whom 
about one-half are living. Distinguished living graduates are: 
Edwards A. Park, George P. Fisher, James B. Angell, Richard 
Olney, John Hay, William W. Keen, Robert H. Thurston, E. 
Benjamin Andrews, Benjamin I. Wheeler. 

PROVIDENCE BRYANT & STRATTON BUSINESS COL= 
LEGE, 357 Westminster Street, Providence, T. B. Stowell, 
Principal, was established by H. B. Bryant and H. D. Stratton in 
1863, and is conducted on the community plan of business prac- 
tice. There are eleven energetic teachers. Tuition payable in 
advance. Commercial Department : Scholarship for ten months 
payable in one amount, $100; first term (three months), $40; 
second term (three months), $40; each following month, $10. 
Amanuensis Department : First term (three months), $40 ; each 
following month, $10; special course (one hour per day, three 
months), $30. Special Penmanship Department : Instruction (ten 
weeks), one hour per day, $15 ; instruction, twenty lessons, $10; 
instruction, sixty lessons, $20. English and Preparatory Depart- 
ment : Per term (three months), $35. 

LA SALLE ACADEflY, Providence, under the direction of 
the Brothers of the Christian Schools, was founded in 1871, and 
offers the advantages of either a classical or commercial education. 
Pupils may enter the preparatory department after completing 
their ninth year. Daily instruction is given in Christian Doctrine. 

RHODE ISLAND 5CHOOL OF DESIGN, n Waterman 
Street, Providence, Warren S. Locke, Head Master, was founded 
in 1877. Since 1882 the State of Rhode Island has made a 
yearly appropriation of $500 for the school, and both the State 
and city of Providence have since made an additional appropria- 
tion to be used in scholarships to be paid for at the schedule rates 
of tuition. There are day, evening, and Saturday classes, and two 
general departments of instruction, free hand and mechanical. 
In 1897 446 students were registered, 283 in the free hand and 
163 in the mechanical department. The instructors number 
fourteen. The fee for the day class is $25 for a term of four 
months. 

327 



Prwidence. WHERE TO EDUCATE. R. L 

ST. XAVIER'S ACADEMY, Providence, is under the direction 
of the Sisters of Mercy. It is a day school for young ladies, the 
boarding school affiliated with it being situated at Bay View. 
The academy curriculum is divided into three parts: The junior, 
intermediate, and senior. In this it covers all the work usually 
taught in the best academies of the country. Instruction is also 
given on the piano, organ, harp, and guitar, in addition to vocal 
music. Differences of religious opinion are not regarded in the 
admission of pupils who are willing to conform to the general 
regulations of the academy. As a result the number of Protestants 
attending the institution is generally large. 

MISS WHEELER'5 SCHOOL AND STUDIO, 16, 24, and 

26 Cabot Street, Providence, Miss Mary C. Wheeler, Principal. 
The school was opened by Miss Wheeler in 1889 to accommodate 
a few local patrons. In a short time additional buildings were 
taken, and the school now accommodates twenty-five boarding 
pupils. Systematic studio work is offered in connection with 
courses of study that fit for the best colleges, and also give a 
thorough education to girls who cannot undertake a college course. 
A certificate is given to those who complete the college preparatory 
course; a diploma to those who complete the art and literary 
course. Classes in elective studies are formed in accordance with 
the individual needs of the pupils, and the advanced courses are 
mostly in charge of professors from Brown University. Miss 
Wheeler, who is a pupil of M. Jacquesson de la Chevreuse and 
M. Raphael Collin, has charge of the studios, with a view to 
giving such preliminary instruction as is necessary to fit for 
entrance to the Paris studios. Pupils of all ages are received. 
The expenses for home and tuition are $1,000; piano lessons, 
$75 ; laundry, $40 ; and seat in church, $10 per annum. 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 

THE GIBBES SCHOOL, Charleston, Miss S. P. Gibbes and 
Miss E. S. Gibbes, Principals, is located in the centre of the city, 
thus rendering it easy of access to all. The school is for girls 
only, and was known from 1881 to 1886 as Miss E. S. Gibbes's 
School. The curriculum gives a range of study from kindergarten 
classes to branches studied in the freshman classes of various 
colleges. Art, physical culture, elocution, stenography, type- 
writing, vocal and instrumental music are taught by specialists. 
There is no boarding department. Terms for day pupils, includ- 
ing the extra studies, are from $50 to $150. 

328 



S. C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Clem son College, P. O. 

SOUTH CAROLINA MILITARY ACADEHY, Charleston, Col. 
Asbury Coward, LL. D., Superintendent. This school was founded 
in 1842. It is maintained in part by the State. Students will be 
received from any State. The course of study is parallel with 
that given by the best scientific schools of the country. The 
discipline and methods closely follow those employed at the West 
Point Academy, and the results obtained qualify the graduates for 
command of infantry troops. An annual encampment of two 
weeks is held to give special instruction in the field., An army 
officer is detailed as military professor and commandant of cadets. 
The cost for board, clothing, books, tuition, and all other neces- 
sary expenses is $300 per annum. 

THE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, 141 Meeting Street, Charleston, 
founded in 1881, Edward F. Mayberry, M. A., Principal, N. B. 
Barnwell, M. A., Assistant. The aim of this school is to drill 
its pupils in the principles of a sound education, either classical 
or practical, and to prepare thoroughly for college. It prepares 
particularly for the University of Virginia and Charleston Col- 
lege. Terms for English branches, per session of nine months, 
$80; ancient and modern languages, each $15. The session 
begins the first Monday in October. 

THE CLEflSON AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL 
COLLEGE of South Carolina, Clemson College P. O., Henry 
S. Hartzog, President. In 1886 a convention of the farmers of 
South Carolina passed a resolution advocating the establishment 
of an agricultural college. The matter was given definite form by 
the action of the Hon. Thomas G. Clemson, son-in-law of John C. 
Calhoun, who died in 1888, leaving as a bequest to the State the 
old Calhoun homestead, Fort Hill, consisting of about eight 
hundred acres of land, and about $80,000 in other securities, for 
the purpose of establishing an agricultural college. The Legis- 
lature passed an act which became a law in November, 1889, 
accepting the bequest. The college opened July 6, 1893, with 
an enrolment during its first session of 446 students. The object 
of the college, in conformity with the acts of Congress and of the 
State Legislature, is to give practical instruction in agriculture 
and in the mechanic arts. The college is located on the dividing 
line between Oconee and Pickens Counties, in the picturesque 
foot-hills of the Blue Ridge mountains. It has an elevation of 
about nine hundred feet above sea level, and commands an excel- 
lent view of the mountains to the north and west, some of which 
attain ah altitude of nearly five thousand feet. The climate is 
invigorating and healthful, and the surroundings are in every way 
favorable to the highest physical and mental development. The 
buildings are located on the old Fort Hill homestead of John C. 

329 



Columbia. WHERE TO EDUCATE. s. C. 

Calhoun. The grounds occupy about two hundred acres of land, 
including the campus, sites of buildings and residences, and 
grounds for military drill and outdoor athletics. For purposes 
of instruction the college is organized into five departments, as 
follows : Agricultural, mechanical, chemistry and natural science, 
literary, and military. Free tuition is given to residents of the 
State, who properly sign and file a certificate of inability to pay 
tuition. All others pay a tuition fee of $40 per session. 

COLUflBIA FEMALE COLLEGE, Columbia, John A. Rice, 
D. D., President. This institution, situated in one of the finest 
winter resorts of the South, is accessible from all directions. 
Denominational without being sectarian, it is controlled by the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South. There is a sub-collegiate 
and college department. The latter offers thirteen departments 
of instruction, as follows : English language and literature, 
modern languages and literature, ancient languages and litera- 
ture, history, political economy and civics, mathematics, natural 
sciences, mental .and moral science, English Bible, music, art, 
elocution, physical culture, business department. Two courses 
of study are given leading to the degrees of B. A. and B. S. 
Expenses for boarding pupils per half year are $100. 

PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE FOR WOHEN, Columbia, 
Robert P. Pell, A. B., President, is chartered by the South Caro- 
lina Legislature with the right and authority to confer the usual 
degrees upon its graduates. The main building is heated by hot 
water and lighted with gas. Every floor is supplied with hot and 
cold water, bath-rooms, and first class sanitary arrangements. The 
home life is under the supervision of the lady principal and the lady 
teachers, and a resident physician cares for the health of the pupils. 
The course of instruction offered is embraced in the preparatory, 
academic, collegiate, pre-medical, music, art, elocution and physi- 
cal culture, and commercial departments. There are two terms in 
the year. Board and tuition in collegiate course per term, $100. 
The same for ministers' daughters, $75. 

GREENVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE, Greenville, M. M. 
Riley, D. D., President, was founded in 1854. It is the property 
of the Baptist State Convention of South Carolina. The college 
consists of thirteen distinct schools, each in charge of a competent 
teacher with necessary assistants. These schools are : English 
and English Literature, Ancient Languages, Modern Languages, 
Mathematics, Physical Sciences, History, Political Sciences, Mental 
and Moral Sciences, Bible Study, Music, Art, Expression and Phy- 
sical Culture, and Business. The degrees conferred are Bachelor of 

330 



S. C. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Spartanburg. 

English, Bachelor of Arts, and Master of Arts. The tuition varies 
in the different schools. Board is moderate. 

NEWBERRY COLLEGE, Newberry, George B. Cromer, A. M., 
President, is designed to give deserving students of moderate means 
the best opportunity for thorough education and true culture. The 
following degrees are conferred by the board of trustees : The 
degree of Bachelor of Arts upon all students who have passed a 
satisfactory examination upon the prescribed classical course ; the 
degree of Bachelor of Science upon all students who have passed 
a satisfactory examination upon the course prescribed for that 
degree ; the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy upon all students 
who have passed a satisfactory examination upon the course pre- 
scribed for that degree ; and the degree of Master of Arts upon 
any Bachelor of Arts, or of Science, or of Philosophy, who passes 
a satisfactory examination upon the course prescribed for that 
degree. There are a number of available prizes and scholarships. 

CONVERSE COLLEGE, Spartanburg, Benjamin F. Wilson, 
President. This is a non-denominational but distinctly Christian 
college. It is one of the best women's colleges in the South. Its 
faculty numbers nearly forty, and its four hundred and thirty stu- 
dents are drawn from fifteen States. The institution is located in 
one of the most convenient railroad centers of South Carolina ; its 
nine buildings occupy the summit of a high hill one thousand feet 
above sea level, and is surrounded by an oak grove extending over 
fifty acres. The buildings have every modern convenience. There 
are satisfactory and well appointed laboratories, and a library of 
four thousand volumes. The college has six general departments : 
Collegiate (granting usual degrees), post-graduate, music, art, ex- 
pression and physical culture, commercial. Expenses of boarding 
students per half year, $117.50; of day pupils, $27.50. 

WOFFORD COLLEGE, Spartanburg, J. H. Carlisle, LL. D., 
President, was chartered by the Legislature of South Carolina in 
1851, and was opened in 1854. More than four hundred gradu- 
ates have been sent out during its history. The college is under 
the patronage of the M. E. Church, South, and has its name from 
the Rev. Benjamin Wofford, a local preacher of that church, who 
left in his will a legacy of $100,000 for its foundation. Two 
courses of study are offered, each leading to the degree of A. B. 
The degree of Master of Arts will be conferred on any Bachelor 
of Arts who shall pass a satisfactory examination on courses of 
study prescribed by any two professors the student may choose. 
Board, tuition, matriculation, w r ashing, lights, fuel, books, and sta- 
tionery, the necessary college expenses for the year,' can be met 
with $150. 

331 



Walhalla. WHERE TO EDUCATE. S. C. 

THE WOFFORD COLLEGE FITTING SCHOOL is an associated insti- 
tution occupying Alumni Hall, a four-story brick building, and 
preparing for the freshman class of the college. Expenses per 
annum a little below $150. 

MISS flcCOLLOUGH'S SCHOOL, Walhalla, supplies thor- 
ough training from the beginning of school life. The course is 
designed so to develop the mind that the pupil may profit by a 
college course, or may enter life with educated thinking powers. 
Latin is begun at an early period in the school course, that the 
drill work may be accomplished before the development of imagi- 
nation and reason renders such work burdensome. This also 
leaves more time for work along lines of general culture when the 
pupil is of an age to need and enjoy it. The training in music 
and drawing is thorough. Ensemble playing, for violin and piano, 
is used as a means of exciting enthusiasm and training the sense 
of rhythm. Walhalla was selected as the site of this school because 
of its peculiarly healthful position, and because its retired situation 
makes it a desirable place for the training of young minds and 
bodies. The number of pupils is limited to ten. Expenses, 
including board, tuition, and incidental expenses, are about $200. 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

SOUTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, Brookings, 
John William Heston, Ph. D., President. Provision was made for 
this college in 1881 by an act of the territorial Legislature. The 
Legislature of 1883 provided for the erection of the first building ; 
this was put up the following year. The institution took its pres- 
ent name when the Territory was divided into the two States of 
North and South Dakota in 1889. Centrally located in a city free 
from saloons, the college has about half a dozen fine buildings, and 
a carefully laid out campus of thirty acres. Adjoining on the rear 
is a fifty-acre plot devoted to the Horticultural Gardens and the 
United States forest experiments. The work of the institution is 
carried on under more than twenty thoroughly organized depart- 
ments, as follows : Agriculture, architectural and agricultural 
engineering, botany, chemistry, commercial, dairying, domestic 
science, English, economics and philosophy, experiment station, 
geology and agronomy, history, horticulture, languages, mathe- 
matics, mechanical engineering, military, music and physical cul- 
ture, pharmacy, physics, preparatory, steam engineering, and 
zoology. Under provision of the Hatch Act the Agricultural 
Experiment Station for South Dakota is established in connection 
with the Agricultural College. The institution is co-educational ; 
all the male students are required to take military drill, and physi- 

332 




333 



Huron. WHERE TO EDUCATE. S. D. 

cal culture is compulsory for young women. The college year is 
divided into quarters of ten weeks each. Work is carried on six 
days each week. The only baccalaureate degree is that of Bach- 
elor of Science, four-fifths of the work for which is required. The 
balance determines the subject of specialization and is elective. 
Efforts are made to reach the residents of the State in courses for 
home study. Several short special courses, such as pharmacy, 
commercial, dairying, agriculture, and horticulture are offered. 
Expenses, including board, average $200. 

HURON COLLEGE, Huron, Calvin H. French, M. A., Presi- 
dent. This college, established in 1898 by the Presbyterian Synod 
of South Dakota, is the result of the consolidation of two institu- 
tions of that church, Pierre University (established in 1883) 
and Scotland Academy (established in 1886). The city of Huron, 
located almost exactly at the centre of the agricultural region of 
South Dakota, is easy of access from all parts of the State. The 
people of Huron have generously presented the Synod with a sub- 
stantial building, and will provide land for a campus. Academic, 
normal, collegiate, musical, and commercial departments are estab- 
lished, and the usual Bachelor's and Master's degrees given by 
colleges are conferred on candidates upon completion of the higher 
courses. Tuition is $10 per term. Dormitories, with resident 
professors in charge, are provided for both young men and young 
women. 

SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES, Rapid City, R. L. 
Slagle, Ph. D., Secretary, is controlled by the State, and is at 
present almost wholly maintained by appropriations of the Legis- 
lature, though it will eventually have the income from the proceeds 
of forty thousand acres of land, a grant of the federal govern- 
ment. It is governed by a board of five regents of education, 
appointed by the governor. The object of the institution is to 
furnish facilities for the education of such persons as may desire 
to receive special instruction in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, 
geology, mining, milling, engineering, mathematics, mechanics, 
drawing, the fundamental laws of the United States, and the rights 
and duties of citizens. Besides a three years' college preparatory 
course, there are courses of four years each in mining engineer- 
ing and general science. The tuition fee is $8 per year to all 
students. 

SCOTLAND ACADEMIC INSTITUTE is beautifully located 
in Scotland, a town of twelve hundred people. It is the suc- 
cessor of Scotland Academy, which was founded and operated 
by Southern Dakota Presbytery for twelve years. The Academic 
Institute is a first-class academy of rank, and is operated under 

334 



S. D. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Vermillion. 

local auspices as a Christian but undenominational school. It is 
managed by a local board of directors, has a literary and musical 
department, and fits students for the freshman year in any first-class 
college. It starts out with an enrolment exceeding that of its 
predecessor, and has the following instructors : Rev. M. M. 
Whiteford, A. M., Ph. D., Principal ; Prof. C. P. Metzler, A. B., 
Assistant Principal ; Miss Hattie E. Van Arsdale, Preceptress and 
teacher of normal and business course, and Miss May Reid, B. L., 
in charge of the musical department. The tuition is $10 a term, 
in advance. Room and board may be obtained in the dormitory, 
where teachers and students live much as a family at a cost of 
about $2 a week. 

ALL SAINTS SCHOOL, Sioux Falls, Miss Helen S. Peabody, 
Principal. Since its foundation in 1885, under the jurisdiction 
of Bishop Hare, the school has taken exceptionally high rank in 
scholarship; the curriculum prepares for college and provides 
post-graduate and teachers' courses, but the chief aim of the 
school is symmetrical development in character and physique. 
Care for health in all details, particularly by heating and ventila- 
tion, is attested by the record of the school. The climate is 
bracing and healthful. All work is conducted in one building 
substantially constructed of Sioux Falls jasper, one of the 
handsomest buildings in the Northwest. Expenses for the year, 
including board and tuition, are $200. 

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH DAKOTA, Vermillion, James E. 
Todd, M. A., Acting President. This institution was established 
on a modest scale in 1882, and its scope widened and name 
changed to that of University of South Dakota in 1891. It is 
located at Vermillion, on the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul 
Railway, thirty-six miles from Sioux City, la., and twenty-six miles 
from Yankton. The land is elevated and the scenery beautiful. 
There are several commodious buildings and a campus of twenty 
acres. The laboratory equipment and appointments leave little to 
be desired, and the library is well selected. The University em- 
braces : The College of Science, Literature, and Arts ; the College 
of Music ; the College of Business ; the Department of Art ; the 
Sub -Freshman Department. Military science and tactics are 
under the charge of an officer of the United States army, detailed 
by the War Department, and the opportunities for athletics and 
physical training are extensive and judicious. The College of 
Science, Literature, and Arts offers three courses, leading re- 
spectively to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, 
and Bachelor of Letters. The corresponding Master's degrees 
are also given for an additional year of resident work. Tuition in 
college and academic courses is $2 per term. 

335 



Wessington Springs, WHERE TO EDUCATE. S. D. 

WESSINQTON SPRINGS SEniNARY, Wessington Springs, 
Prof. J. G. Baird, Principal, has been in successful operation for 
eleven years. The town in which it is located is situated on the 
east slope of the Wessington Hills, and in front of the seminary 
building is a fine rolling prairie. The distance of Wessington 
Springs from a railroad and the town's freedom from saloons 
combine to shield the inexperienced student from many tempta- 
tions. The seminary, which is under the auspices of the Free 
Methodist Church, offers a wide course of study : Academic, inter- 
mediate, normal, musical, and business, and has in addition a 
special course for Christian workers. There are numerous oppor- 
tunities for employment and self-help. The tuition in the academic 
department is $8 a term. 



TENNESSEE. 

ANDERSON VI LLE INSTITUTE, Andersonville, C. T. Car- 
penter, A. B., Principal. It is the aim of the Andersonville Insti- 
tute to place an education within the reach of worthy young men 
and women of limited means, and to give special training to those 
preparing themselves for teaching. The usual academic course is 
offered. Diplomas are given to graduates. Tuition is $i to $2 
per month. Board ranges from $4.50 to $6.50 per month. 

WEBB SCHOOL, Bell Buckle, W. R. Webb, A.M., J. M. 
Webb, A. M., Principals, is located among the blue grass hills of 
Middle Tennessee on the watershed between the Tennessee and 
Cumberland Rivers. Its altitude gives a fine summer climate. It 
was founded in the fall of 1870 at Culleoka, Tenn., by W. R. 
Webb. J. M. Webb joined him in 1874. The purpose and scope 
are the requirements for entrance into the great universities. The 
honors in literature, oratory, as well as in classics and mathe- 
matics, have been won by Webb students in Princeton, Vanderbilt, 
Lehigh, and other great universities. Supreme Court of the United 
States, of Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, the Senators of Ten- 
nessee, Mississippi, a majority of the bishops of the Methodist 
Church, South, have been patrons of this institution. There has 
not been a vacant seat in this schoolroom for more than twenty- 
five years. Every vacancy spoken for in advance. Students are 
declined every year. 

KING COLLEGE, Bristol, the Rev. J. Albert Wallace, D. D., 
President, was founded in 1867. It is a Presbyterian college 
exclusively for men. The expenses are moderate, as the institution 
is partially endowed. The faculty numbers five. It has gradu- 
ated one hundred students. 

336 



Tenn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Columbia. 

BROWNSVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE, Brownsville, C. A. 
Folk, B. A., President, was founded in 1851, and incorporated in 
1852. The location is in a refined and cultured town of about 
three thousand inhabitants. The town occupies a healthful eleva- 
tion, and is supplied with the purest artesian water. The college 
site is attractive ; the campus is well shaded, and the buildings 
consist of a 'concert hall, a brick college building, and a home 
building or boarding hall at a short distance from the college 
building. The courses offered include primary, preparatory, and 
collegiate, with especial advantages for the study of elocution and 
art. The expense of board, tuition, and music, including practice 
in the latter one hour a day for five months, is $112.50. A special 
reduction is made for the daughters of clergymen. 

SOUTHWESTERN PRESBYTERIAN UNIVERSITY, Clarks- 
ville, formally organized in 1875, Stewart College, established in 
1855, being merged into it. Owned and controlled by the Pres- 
byterian Synods of Alabama, Arkansas, Memphis, Mississippi, 
Nashville, and Texas. Literary department supplied at first by 
the equipment in buildings and faculty of Stewart College, put 
into operation at once. Theological department established in 
1885. Eleven members of the faculty. First chancellor, Jno. N. 
Waddel, D. D., LL. D., from 1879 to 1888, succeeded by S. S. 
Hersman, D. D., for three years, and James M. Rawlings, D. D., 
for one year. Present chancellor, George Summey, D. D., since 
1892. In 1875 received $50,000 from the city of Clarksville, in 
return for which the city owns ten scholarships. The Palmer 
Chair of Theology endowed principally by the ladies of Doctor 
Palmer's church, in New Orleans, the McComb Chair of History 
by Mr. J. J. McComb, of New York, and the Chair of Biblical 
Languages and Literature partially by Doctor Welch, of Little 
Rock. "Old College" erected in 1850, Stewart Hall in 1877, 
Calvin Hall in 1895, and Waddel Hall in 1898. 

COLUflBIA ATHEN/EUH, Columbia, Robert D. Smith, 
A. M., President. Chartered in 1858 with full college powers and 
privileges. While this school for girls dates only from September 
i, 1852, its founder, the Rev. Franklin G. Smith, began teaching 
at this place in 1838, so that a continuous record of students is 
shown for the past sixty years. Regular courses of instruction 
are given in primary, preparatory, and collegiate work. Special 
advantages are offered in all branches of music, art, elocution, 
shorthand, and typewriting. The equipment of the school is 
ample. In this connection may be mentioned the library of over 
eight thousand volumes, physical and chemical apparatus which 
cost $4,000, an extensive museum of curios and all departments 

337 



Fayetteville. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Tenn. 

of natural history, many valuable works of art. The buildings 
are of liberal size, well arranged with modern conveniences. 
Ample grounds sixteen acres offer every inducement for out- 
of-door exercise, while in the well equipped gymnasium systematic 
exercise is free to all students. The tuition varies according to 
the branches pursued and the advancement of the student. The 
expense for board, laundry, and full literary tuition in collegiate 
department is $225 for ten months, or forty weeks. 

FAYETTEVILLE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Fayetteville, 
James A. Tate, A. M., Principal. The course of study is divided 
into a three years' primary department, an academic department 
offering a four years' scientific course and a five years' Latin 
scientific course, and a classical course covering five years. Art 
and bookkeeping are also taught. 

TENNESSEE FEMALE COLLEGE, Franklin, T. E. Allen, 
J. H. Chiles, Associate Principals. The location of Franklin is 
in one of the fine agricultural districts of middle Tennessee and 
the college is situated in the heart of the city, in the midst of a 
beautiful grove. The buildings are large and well ventilated, and 
will accommodate one hundred boarders. The college was estab- 
lished in 1856, and under the control of such teachers as Bishop 
Hargrove, Doctor Vaughn, Mrs. Clark, and others, it has had a 
history of success. The departments are a primary, a preparatory, 
and a collegiate, the latter being divided into two courses, leading 
respectively to the degrees B. A. and M. E. L. The conservatory 
of music provides the best facilities for both theoretical and prac- 
tical knowledge of the several branches of music. The regular 
course for piano study covers six years and leads to the degree of 
Bachelor of Music. The school is non-sectarian, it is well equipped, 
has a well selected library, and a faculty numbering fifteen. The 
healthfulness of the location is unsurpassed by any school in the 
State. During the entire forty-three years' history of the institu- 
tion there has never been the death of a pupil in the buildings. 
All of the faculty are from the best colleges and three have had 
the advantage of study in Europe. Tuition and board averages 
about $200 per year. 

AflERICAN TEflPERANCE UNIVERSITY, Harriman, J. F. 
Spence, S. T. D., LL. D. (Ohio Wesleyan University), Chancellor 
and Founder. In 1893 this University was granted a liberal 
charter by the State of Tennessee and made inter-denominational, 
non-sectional, and co-educational, and was dedicated to the cause 
of Temperance. The first term opened in September, 1893, and 
the enrolment for the first year reached 250, representing fifteen 
States. The enrolment is now over four hundred students. Its 

338 



Tenn WHERE TO EDUCATE. Jasper. 

location in the city of Harriman is appropriate, as the motto on 
the city's seal reads : " Prohibition, peace, and prosperity." The 
institution is well endowed and owns property amounting in value 
to over one hundred thousand dollars. Three substantial build- 
ings are completed and another is in the process of construction. 
The curriculum is practical and comprehensive, ranking with the 
standard universities. The faculty numbers thirty teachers and 
lecturers of experience and high attainments. Thirteen distinct 
departments are already provided. Three years' preparatory and 
four years' college classes. The law department has a special 
faculty of trained and experienced teachers ; also four affiliated 
schools of academic grade. The conservatory of music and art 
department have able and skilled instructors. The normal 
department, for the training of teachers, and the commercial 
college, for the training of students for active business life, are 
ably managed by practical teachers. Dr. Bushrod W. James, 
LL. D., of Philadelphia, Pa., an eminent surgeon, scientist, and 
author, has just given a large sum for the founding of a school of 
domestic science for young women. The department is to be 
conducted on the Mt. Holyoke principle, " Training the hand as 
well as the head." The expense of board and tuition is very 
moderate. The board of control offers to each State Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union and each State Grand Lodge of 
Good Templars one free scholarship in the literary departments. 

HIWASSEE COLLEGE (co-educational), Hiwassee College 
P. O., was founded in 1849. In 1871 it passed under the control 
of the M. E. Church, South. In 1897 it became non-denomina- 
tional, and in April of that year the Tennessee State Board of 
Education established in it a training school for public school 
teachers. The buildings are modest, the course of study limited, 
the rates of tuition are very low, and the living expenses are at a 
minimum. A. G. Gilbreath, B. S., Ph. B., ex-State Superintendent 
of Education, is president, and Frank M. Smith, ex-State Superin- 
tendent of Education, is principal of the training school. 

PRYOR TRAINING SCHOOL for boys and girls, Jasper, J. R. 
Hunter, Principal, was founded in 1888 by Jackson Pryor, Col. 
A. L. Spears, and others of the community. The buildings and 
grounds are valued at thirty thousand dollars and are free from 
debt. It is the property of the M. E. Church, South. The school 
prepares boys and girls for the best schools and colleges of the 
United States, and its pupils have taken high rank wherever they 
have gone. It is located on the N. C. and St. L. R. R., in the 
beautiful Sequachee Valley, at the very base of the Cumberland 
range of mountains, and is unsurpassed in beauty and healthful- 
ness of location. 

339 



Kimber tin Heights. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Tenn. 

SCHOOL OF THE EVANGELISTS, Kimberlin Heights, 
Ashley S. Johnson, LL. D., President. The purpose of this school 
is to prepare young men for the ministry. Those applying for 
admission must be at least seventeen years of age, and furnish 
testimonials of character. They must be fully decided and deter- 
mined to preach, and be prepared to live plainly and sparingly, if 
need be, and must pledge themselves in writing to stay at the school 
through vacations until it is considered that they can spend them 
profitably in preaching. This is demanded of the young man who 
wishes to be assisted in earning his way. He must pay a matricu- 
lation fee of $10. The student who can pay for benefits received 
has his vacations to himself, but must pay $66 besides the $10 fee, 
and can enter for one year only. Seriousness of purpose and a 
spirit of self-sacrifice are essential for the work. 

CUflBERLAND UNIVERSITY, Lebanon, Nathan Green, 
LL. D., Chancellor. Cumberland College was established at 
Princeton, Ky., in 1827. It continued in operation under the 
patronage of the General Assembly of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Church until 1842, when the General Assembly transferred 
its patronage to Cumberland University, which was located at 
Lebanon, Tenn., and was opened in 1842. The departments of 
the University are organized into preparatory, academic, law, engi- 
neering, and theological schools. The academic school is divided 
into undergraduate and graduate schools, the former leading to 
the degrees of A. B. and B. S., the latter to A. M. and Ph. D. The 
professional schools confer the degrees of C. E., B. D., and LL. B. 
The University is open to both sexes. The expenses per term of 
twenty weeks, including tuition and board, are about $100. 

McTYEIRE INSTITUTE, McKenzie, Clough A. Warterfield, 
B. A., Principal. The aim and work of the schpol is to train boys 
and girls in a few subjects universally recognized as fundamental, 
and to this end a four years' course is offered in English, Latin, 
Greek, and mathematics. The school prepares directly for Vander- 
bilt University. Expenses, including board, tuition, and inci- 
dental items, amount to about $82 for the session of twenty weeks. 

HIGBEE SCHOOL, Memphis, Miss Jenny M. Higbee, Prin- 
cipal. The course of study is divided into a seven years' prepara- 
tory department, a four years' regular course, and an advanced or 
collegiate course of one year or more. The curriculum is extended 
into collegiate courses because most of its graduates finish their 
work there. The college preparatory department fits pupils for 
any college. Pupils are admitted to Vassar on certificate. Instruc- 
tion is also given in music, art, and elocution. For day pupils the 
tuition in the higher grades is $57 per year. For boarding pupils, 



Tenn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Nashville. 

the charge for tuition in the higher departments, board, and 
laundry is $268 per year. 

SOULE COLLEGE, Murfreesboro, V. O. Wardlaw, A. M., 
President. The preparatory and academic schools of this institu- 
tion for women are conducted on the principle that the work 
assigned to their scope must be that of outlining the whole educa- 
tion afforded by the institution. The standard is work accom- 
plished, and the course is not divided into years or classes. There 
is no time limit, and promotion is made when the pupil is fitted for 
higher work. The college proper offers the usual college cur- 
riculum of four years, and confers the degrees of B. A. or B. S., 
according to the course taken. Music, art, and elocution are 
included in the curriculum. Tuition in the collegiate department 
is $70 per year. Board, including furnished room, fuel, lights, and 
laundry, is $130 per year. 

BELMONT COLLEGE, West End, Nashville, the Rev. R. A. 
Young, D. D., Regent ; Miss Hood and Miss Heron, Principals. 
A comparatively limited number (one hundred) of students is 
received, and there is one resident teacher to every ten girls. 
Thus the classes are large enough to secure zestful enthusiasm 
and small enough to permit individual attention. Nashville is the 
college and university city of the South, and offers many advan- 
tages that cannot be secured in a smaller place. Besides the ordi- 
nary courses there are schools of music, art, and elocution, with 
instructors of foreign training and culture; a school of modern 
languages, with native teachers ; a school of physical culture, well 
equipped with modern apparatus ; and a school of natural sciences, 
with a working laboratory. Board is $200 per year; tuition in the 
freshman and sophomore classes, $60 ; in the junior and senior 
classes, $70. 

FISK UNIVERSITY, Nashville, the Rev. Erastus Milo Cra- 
vath, D. D., President, is probably the leading college for the 
education of colored youth in the United States. It was founded 
under the auspices of the American Missionary Association of 
New York City, and the Western Freedman's Aid Commission 
of Cincinnati, October, 1865, and was incorporated under the laws 
of Tennessee in 1867. The campus contains thirty-five acres, and 
the eight permanent buildings include Jubilee Hall, erected at 
a cost of over $100,000. Campus, buildings, and apparatus 
aggregate in value over $350,000; the endowment is not, how- 
ever, at all commensurate with the size of the plant. Urgent appeals 
are made for donations. The faculty numbers over thirty and the 
students nearly five hundred. Among the principal departments 
are the theological, college, normal, college preparatory, common 

34i 



Nashville, WHERE TO EDUCATE. Tenn. 

English, and music departments. There are also departments of 
physical training, industrial education, and domestic science. The 
University is co-educational and, while non-sectarian in spirit, is 
aggressively Christian. Tuition and board, including furnished 
room, heat, light, and washing, per calendar month, is $12, payable 
in advance, besides an hour's work a day. 

flONTGOriERY BELL ACADEMY, Nashville, S. M. D. Clark, 
A. M., Principal. This academy had its origin in the bequest of 
Montgomery Bell, a pioneer of Southern iron interests. Its first ses- 
sion began September, 1867. It has a varied and extended course. 
It prepares for college and for business pursuits ; but very many of 
its graduates go directly to the specialty they have chosen for 
their life work. Instruction in elocution is a marked feature of 
the school. Few academies are so well equipped. Its mineral 
specimens, appliances for teaching physiology and physics, and 
its chemical laboratory are marked features of the institution. 
While it offers all these advantages, its rates of tuition are less than 
those of other schools of a similar grade. 

NASHVILLE COLLEGE FOR YOUNG LADIES, Nashville, 
was founded under the patronage of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, in 1880, by the Rev. Geo. W. F. Price, D. D., who 
for eighteen years has been and still is the President of the insti- 
tution. Without grounds or buildings at first, the college now 
owns a superb central location in the city of Nashville, has three 
commodious buildings, and is supplied with all the most modern 
requisites for the thorough education of young ladies in the higher 
branches of literature, languages, sciences, mathematics, art, physi- 
cal culture, and practical education. Nearly five thousand pupils 
have attended its classes during its history, and its two hundred 
and twenty-five alumnae are recognized everywhere as amongst the 
most accomplished members of Southern society. 

NEW flARKET ACADEflY, New Market, F. A. Penland, 
A. B., Principal. New Market Academy was opened in 1885, 
and is a chartered institution under the care of the Union Presby- 
terian. While it is under the direct control of the Presbyterian 
Church, it is liberal in spirit and welcomes students of all denomi- 
nations. Its object is to give a thorough preparation for college, 
and to give a liberal English education to those not intending to 
enter college. The course of study embraces ten years, and is 
divided into primary, intermediate, and academic departments. 
The academic department is three years in length, and includes 
classical, Latin-scientific, and English courses. Tuition varies from 
$i to $2.25 per month. 

342 



Tenn. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Washington College P. O. 

SYNODICAL COLLEGE, Rogersville, is one of the oldest and 
best known schools of the South. It was established in 1849, 
and has had a remarkable record. Even during the war, when 
both armies were occupying East Tennessee, this institution was 
full of students. The property is owned and controlled by the 
Presbyterian Synod, Southern Assembly. They have a beautiful 
college home embracing fifty acres of land. Rogersville has for 
one hundred and twenty years been noted for the sturdy character 
of its Scotch-Irish citizens, and for the good morals and culture of 
its people. The institution enjoys a most remarkable record for 
health known in the history of colleges. It has never had a case 
of fever within its walls, and has only had two deaths in forty-nine 
years, both of these occurring during the war, and are traceable to 
no local cause. The institution maintains a strong faculty of 
specialists, and has long been known for its high standards and 
the beautiful college life of its students. It is not a fashionable 
school, but one in which much attention is given to personal and 
social culture. It is run on a different plan from other institutions. 
It does not employ drummers, issues an inexpensive catalogue, and 
advertises but little. It can, therefore, give many advantages at 
low rates and has a good attendance year after year. 

SMYRNA FITTING SCHOOL, W. H. Bates, Principal, Smyrna, 
is a member of the "Association of Colleges and Preparatory 
Schools of the Southern States." Prepares for regular courses in 
-the best colleges. Situation and equipment are ideal. The best 
of homes are open to boarding pupils. Board and tuition, $164 
per year. 

WASHINGTON COLLEGE, Washington College P. O., the 
Rev. James T. Cooter, A. M., President. This institution was 
founded by Scotch-Irish Presbyterians in 1780. It was chartered 
as an academy in 1783, and as Washington College in 1795. It 
enjoys the distinction of being the first seat of classical learning 
west of the Alleghanies. Classical, scientific, and English courses 
are offered, each covering four years. The first leads to the 
degree of A. B., the second to L. B., and the third to S. B. The 
English course is planned especially for those desiring a liberal 
English education instead of the classics or higher mathematics 
which are emphasized in the other two courses. Both sexes are 
admitted. Tuition is $27 per year. Board and room can be had 
for $5 per month. 



343 



Austin. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Texas. 

TEXAS. 

STUART SEfllNARY, Austin, the Rev. John M. Purcell, A. M. 
President. This boarding school for young ladies was established in 
1853 at Gay Hill, Texas, under the name of Live Oak Seminary. 
In 1876 the school was moved to Austin. Instruction is offered 
in English literature, the classics, the sciences, music, and art. The 
work is divided into an academic or preparatory department and 
a collegiate department. The collegiate studies are divided into a 
classical and a scientific course, each occupying four years, at the 
conclusion of which the degrees of A. B. and B. S. are conferred. 
For boarding pupils the cost of tuition and board, including fuel 
and lights, is $180 per year of nine months ; for day pupils, tuition 
is $5 per year. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, was established by a 
vote of the Legislature in 1881, and opened its doors for the ad- 
mission of students in the fall of 1883. The faculty numbered six 
professors and one executive officer. The enrolment of students 
for the first year was 218; the enrolment of students for the 
session of 1897-98 was eight hundred students. There are 
seventy-one officers and teachers connected with the institution. 
The University of Texas has an endowment of about one million 
dollars in bonds, besides some 2,500,000 acres of land. This 
land is leased to Western stockmen and produces a handsome 
annual revenue. There are no tuition fees in the University, and 
the cost of a liberal education is reduced to a minimum by co- 
operative boarding clubs. George Tayloe Winston, LL. D., was 
the first president. He has just closed his second year of service. 

HENRY COLLEGE, Campbell, Hunt County, T. H. Bridges, 
President, is ten miles east from Greenville, on the S. S. and S. R. R. ; 
is a chartered literary college, founded in 1892 ; confers the 
degrees of A. M., A. B., B. Ph., and B. Lit. Two years prepara- 
tory work, four years' collegiate course, allowing graduates to enter 
senior class in Yale, Harvard, Chicago, or any of the great uni- 
versities. Eighteen teachers employed, average enrolment three 
hundred students per annum. 

CLEBURNE ACADEMY, Cleburne, K. A. Berry, A. B., 
Principal. The four years' course of the academy is restricted to 
high school work. It seeks to intervene between the common 
schools and the universities, and to afford opportunity for a higher 
order of work than the public schools, for those unable to go to 
college. English, mathematics, history, science, Latin, music, and 
art are the chief subjects taught. Tuition is $50 per year, and 
board $120. 

344 



Texas. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

AGRICULTURAL AND flECHANICAL COLLEGE OF 
TEXAS, College Station, Brazos County, L. L. Foster, President. 
This is one of the " Land Grant Colleges," owing its origin to the 
act of Congress of 1862, as amended in 1865. The Texas Legis- 
lature by joint resolution, approved November, i, 1871, formally 
accepted the provision of the act, and the State came into posses- 
sion from the general government of 180,000 acres, the proceeds 
of which form the permanent endowment fund of the institution. 
Successive appropriations by the State Legislature, aggregating 
$187,000, provided for equipments sufficient to start the college, 
and the county of Brazos secured its location within her limits by 
donating a tract of 2,416 acres the present college farm. In 
1876 the institution was made a branch of the University of Texas, 
and in the same year it was formally opened to students. Besides 
farm buildings, work shops, creamery, infirmary, and natatorium, 
there are several dormitories, an Assembly Hall, and the handsome 
four story Main Building. Instruction is given in military science 
and discipline, the students being organized into a battalion of 
four companies and a staff. There are four regular courses lead- 
ing to the degree of Bachelor of Science : Agricultural course : 
horticultural course ; mechanical engineering course ; civil en- 
gineering course. The total expenses, including board, for the 
year amount to $140. 

RIO GRANDE CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOL, El Paso, 
the Rev. A. C. Wright, Director. This school is designed to 
educate young Mexicans, preparing them for the ministry. It was 
organized in 1890, and is located so as to draw pupils both from 
old Mexico and from the Mexican population of the United States. 
The classes are conducted in the Spanish language, and English 
is taught only enough to facilitate the use of text-books in that 
language. It is under the auspices of the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions. 

LEWIS ACADEnY, Forney, E. C. Lewis, B. S., Principal. 
The course of 'study is divided into preparatory and academic or 
high school departments. The preparatory course covers the 
usual primary and grammar school grades, and the academic 
course is the ordinary four years' high school course. The high 
school work divides itself into classical, modern language, scien- 
tific, and business courses, which overlap to suit the individual 
pupil. Ancient and modern languages, mathematics, sciences, 
music, and drawing are taught. Tuition is $45 per year, and 
board for resident pupils is $135 per year. 

URSULINE ACADEMY, Galveston. This preparatory school 
for young ladies, while a Catholic institution, is opened to pupils 
of every religious denomination. The course of study begins in 

345 



Georgetown. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Texas. 

the junior department with a kindergarten, and concludes in the 
senior, with the highest branches of a collegiate course. The 
classes are divided into departments, and each department is sub- 
divided into first and second sections. Pupils are promoted 
according to progress and ability. Music, drawing, and painting 
are taught. The terms for board, washing, and tuition are $200 
per year. Lessons in music, stenography, telegraphy, oil and 
portrait painting, etc., are charged for extra. 

SOUTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, Georgetown, the Rev. 
John R. Allen, A. B., D. D., Chairman of Faculty. This institu- 
tion is under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South. The course of instruction is divided into schools, and the 
courses of study leading to degrees compare favorably with like 
conditions for graduation from the more reputable institutions. 
For graduation in a school, proficiency in the entire course of that 
school is required. The degrees of B. S., Ph. B., and A. B. are con- 
ferred on completion of the four years' work in the respective de- 
partments. The degree of A. M., is conferred on completion of 
the fifth year of collegiate work. The Ladies' Annex was designed 
to utilize the faculty of the University to the benefit of young 
women as well as young men, but in distinct departments and 
classes. The same degrees are conferred. The cost of tuition 
for the collegiate course in both departments is $60 per year. 

BISHOP COLLEGE, Marshall, Albert Loughridge, President, 
was founded in 1881 by the American Baptist Home Mission 
Society and supported by the same for education of colored 
people. Campus twenty-two acres, seven buildings used by 
school, the whole property valued at about $100,000. Academy, 
college, normal, and theological departments were organized. 
Manual training well developed. 

FORD COLLEGE, Newton, J. E. Sharpe, President, is a pre- 
paratory and finishing school for both sexes, and is a chartered 
institution, incorporated with all the rights and privileges of a 
college. The buildings are large and commodious, and are the 
best equipped for good school work in all East Texas. The laws 
which control the development of a human soul are as inexorable 
as the law of gravity, therefore our aim is the development of 
strong, healthy, symmetrical manhood. The expenses for the 
entire session of nine months need not exceed $100. 

ST. LOUIS COLLEGE, San Antonio, John Wolf, President. 
This boarding school for boys and young men is conducted by 
the Brothers of Mary. The curriculum comprises a complete 
course of collegiate studies, a thorough commercial, the languages, 

346 



Texas. WHERE Tp EDUCATE, San Antonio. 

and music and art in all their departments. The institution is 
incorporated, with power to confer all the degrees usually con- 
ferred by colleges. Its religion is Roman Catholic. Students of 
a different belief are admitted, but they are required, for the sake 
of order and conformity, to assist at the exercises of religious 
worship, but need not attend religious instruction or change their 
belief in any way. 

SAN ANTONIO ACADEflY, 1927-1935 North Flores Street, 
San Antonio, W. B. Seeley, A. M., Ph. D. (Princeton), Principal. 
Twelve years ago the San Antonio Academy was founded with 
the promise that, in addition to its primary and intermediate de- 
partments, and its business course, it would afford a thorough 
preparation for the best colleges and schools of science. Since 
then it has sent out eighty graduates with university preparation 
who have been entered, in most cases without examination, at the 
leading colleges of the country. It is not a finishing school, but 
offers to both sexes alike preparation for the best colleges. There 
are four buildings, the Home, the Cottage, the Schoolhouse and 
the Gymnasium. Boys only are taken as resident pupils, and the 
expenses are $400 per year. The tuition for day pupils varies 
with the course taken. As the academy is an affiliated school of 
the University of Texas, that graduate of the academy who has 
the highest standing in his class receives from the board of 
regents of the University a scholarship in the department of 
literature, science, and arts, carrying with it exemption from all 
matriculation or tuition fees. 

SAN ANTONIO FEMALE COLLEGE, San Antonio, the Rev. 
J. E. Harrison, President. This college for the higher education 
of girls and young women is the property of the West Texas 
Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
The college confers three degrees, M. E. L., B. A., and M. A. The 
degree of M. E. L. is conferred on the completion of five years' 
work, consisting of two years of preparatory work and three years 
of college work. The B. A. degree is received at the end of the 
fourth year of college work, and the M. A. degree on the comple- 
tion of a fifth year of college work. Courses are offered in music, 
elocution, and art. Tuition for the senior year is $74 per year, 
and board $150. 

WEST TEXAS MILITARY ACADEMY, San Antonio, the 
Rev. A. L. Burleson, M. A., Rector. Founded by Right Rev. J. S. 
Johnston, D. D., in 1893. The only boys' school of the Episco- 
pal Church in the Southwest ; modern conveniences. Present 
attendance is 122. Rates are $250 a year. 

347 



Springtown. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Texas. 

SPRINGTOWN MALE AND FEMALE INSTITUTE, Spring- 
town, Parker County, the Rev. L. W. Coleman, A. M., President, 
is a chartered institution for the higher education of young women 
and young men. Established in 1883, it has turned out more 
successful graduates than any other school in this section of the 
State. It offers complete courses of study in elementary, collegi- 
ate, and business departments. Music, vocal and instrumental ; 
art and elocution. The location is healthful; the expenses 
moderate. 

ADD-RAN UNIVERSITY, Waco, A. Clark, LL. D., President. 
The University was founded in 1873 by private enterprise. In 
1890 the proprietors of Add-Ran gave all its property to a board 
of trustees to hold in trust for the Christian Church of Texas. 
In 1895 the University was removed to Waco. The college or 
department of science, literature, and art offers three collegiate 
courses, each comprising four years, and leading to the degrees of 
A. B., S. B., and L. B. To those unprepared for the collegiate 
courses, a preparatory academic department is open. The Bible 
college offers excellent opportunity for Biblical study. The schools 
of business, music, art, and elocution are departments of the 
University devoted to these special subjects. The University 
admits both sexes. Tuition for the collegiate course, is $45. 
Board and lodging can be obtained for $125. 

YANTIS INSTITUTE, Wills Point. Courses in the collegiate 
department lead to the degrees of B. S., B. L., and A. B., accord- 
ing to the subjects chosen. English receives special attention. 
In addition to the departments or schools of English, mathematics, 
history, languages, sciences, and philosophy, are schools of music 
and elocution, both containing regular graded courses. The school 
of music includes instruction on the piano, violin, and in voice. 
The primary department has a well arranged course of study 
and receives the attention of the entire faculty. The school is 
open only to girls. 

UTAH. 

SANPETE STAKE ACADEflY, Ephraim, Newton E. Noyes, 
Principal, was organized in 1888 under the auspices of the Latter- 
day Saints. The curriculum includes a four years' high school 
course, a three years' normal course, and a two years' commer- 
cial course. Carpentry and blacksmithing are taught, and there 
is a music department which includes instruction in vocal culture, 
choral work, piano, and organ. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH (co-educational), 
Logan, Joseph M. Tanner, President, was established by the Land 
Grant Act of 1862. The course of instruction embraces the Eng- 

348 



Utah. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Salt Lake City. 

lish language and literature, mathematics, civil engineering, agri- 
cultural chemistry, animal and vegetable anatomy and physiology, 
the veterinary art, entomology, geology, and such other natural 
sciences as may be prescribed, technology, political, rural and 
household economy, horticulture, moral philosophy, history, book- 
keeping, and especially the application of science and the mechan- 
ical arts to practical agriculture in the field. The value of the 
college property now in possession is about $238,700. Under an 
act of Congress, approved August 30, 1890, an agricultural experi- 
ment station was opened. The usual degrees are conferred. A 
preparatory department is maintained. Tuition is free. The 
price of board is moderate. 

BRIQHAfl YOUNG COLLEGE (co-educational), Logan, Wil- 
liam Jasper Kerr, President. On the twenty-fourth of July, 1877, 
about a month prior to his death, President Brigham Young con- 
veyed to a board of seven trustees 9,642 acres of land, located 
south of Logan City, the profits and issues of which were to be 
used for the support of an institution of learning to be known as 
the Brigham Young College. The college was opened for the 
admission of students September 9, 1878. The following courses 
of study are offered : General science, four years ; letters, four 
years ; academic, four years ; normal, four years ; and sub-academic 
course, one year. The courses in general science and letters 
correspond to the usual courses of the leading American colleges, 
and lead to the baccalaureate degrees B. S. and B. L., respectively. 
Tuition is free and board is reasonable. 

THE LATTER-DAY SAINTS' COLLEGE, Salt Lake City, 
is under the direction of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints. Willard Done, D. B., Ph. B., is President. At present, two 
courses, high school and normal, are given, each extending four 
years beyond the eighth grade. Special courses in theology, 
music, and ladies' work are provided. A collegiate course, lead- 
ing to the degree Bachelor of Philosophy is prescribed, but no 
active work in that direction has been done as yet. The institu- 
tion was founded November 15, 1886. The entrance fee, payable 
annually, is $10. Board is provided in private families, under the 
supervision of the college. More extended courses will be offered 
in the near future. 

ROWLAND HALL, Salt Lake City, Miss C. I. Colburne, A. B., 
Principal, is a girls' school, under the direction of the Episcopal 
Church. The idea of the -founders was to establish " an Eastern 
educational institution in a Western land." The teachers have 
always been from Eastern colleges, and they encourage their 
graduates to go East for a higher education. It is a school which 

349 



Salt Lake City. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Utah. 

is perhaps most appreciated by people of wealth and refinement 
who have recently come from the East. Special attention is given 
to the manners, habits, and conversation of pupils, as well as to 
their studies. The health of the boarding pupils receives especial 
care, and in the eighteen years of the school's history no case 
of severe illness has occurred. There are preparatory, academic, 
music, -and kindergarten departments. The school year is divided 
into two terms. The charges for boarding pupils are $150 for each 
term ; for day pupils, $8 to $25. 

SALT LAKE COLLEGE AND GORDON ACADEflY, Salt 
Lake City, W. S. Hunt, B. D., President, is an outgrowth of the 
First Congregational Church of Salt Lake City, and is the result 
of a continued effort to meet the needs of the people of Utah. It 
was first incorporated under the laws of Utah Territory as Salt 
Lake Academy in 1878. The charter conferred upon the corpora- 
tion the right to perpetuate itself, to carry on academic and col- 
legiate instruction, and the privileges usually granted to such 
institutions. During the first twelve years of its existence as an 
academy there were no public schools in Utah, and its walls were 
crowded to the utmost to accommodate those who came. When 
the public school system was adopted, and there seemed to be less 
demand for primary and intermediate work, those departments 
were dropped and more attention given to the higher classes. In 
February of 1895 it was voted by the board of trustees to change 
the corporate name of Salt Lake Academy to Salt Lake College, 
and to open its doors to college classes. Since that date both the 
preparatory and college departments have been open to students. 
The preparatory courses in Gordon Academy are three years in 
length, and fit students for the corresponding collegiate courses. 
The normal course is four years in length. College tuition : For 
fall term, $8 ; winter and spring term, each, $7. Gordon Academy 
tuition : For fall, winter, and spring term, each, $5. 

NORflAL SCHOOL, of the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 
William M. Stewart, M. Did., Principal. In 1869 the University 
of Deseret, now the University of Utah, established a normal 
department for the training of teachers, under the direct super- 
vision of the President of the University, Dr. J. R. Park. Later 
this department became known as the State Normal School of 
Utah. It is still connected with the University of Utah, and 
offers a four-year normal course, also a college normal course of 
four years. Students having completed a creditable high school 
course are admitted to the senior year of the normal course. The 
school has connected with it a department for the training of 
kindergarten teachers, a manual training department, and a mod- 
ern and well equipped practice school. The present enrolment is 

350 



VL WHERE TO EDUCATE. Burlington. 

425 normal students. Dr. J. T. Kingsbury, Ph. D., is the Presi- 
dent of the University, and William M. Stewart, M. Did., is 
Principal of the Normal School. 



VERMONT. 

THE BISHOP HOPKINS HALL, Burlington, Miss Edith M. 
Clark, Principal, is the Vermont diocesan school for girls. The 
Rt. Rev. A. C. A. Hall, D. D., Bishop. There are four courses of 
study open to the older pupils. The classical and Latin-scientific 
courses of four years make a special preparation for entering our 
leading colleges. The modern language and English courses, for 
which the school grants a diploma, cover more general ground, 
embracing the sciences, modern languages, and a thorough and 
solid training in the English language and literature. The object 
is not to make specialists, but to give the broad and general cul- 
ture on which alone special work can profitably rest; To these 
courses properly belong a certain amount of music and art, as an 
aid to that general cultivation at which we aim. An important 
department of the school is the special course in music, covering 
four years, and aiming to give a thorough musical education. 
Pupils receiving a diploma in music will be competent to pass the 
examinations for the degree of Bachelor of Music in the higher 
colleges and universities. Tuition and board ranges from $350 to 
$400 per year. 

UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT, Burlington, Matthew H. Buck- 
ham, D. D., President, was founded by legislative enactment in 
1791. In 1865 the Vermont Agricultural College was incorpo- 
rated with the University into one institution, with the full name of 
"The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College." 
The following are the general departments : Department of arts, 
leading to the degrees Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Philos- 
ophy ; scientific departments, embracing the departments of engi- 
neering, chemistry, and agriculture, and leading to the degree 
Bachelor of Science ; medical department, leading to the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. Admission is by examination and by certifi- 
cate from accredited schools. Young women are admitted to all 
courses in arts and science upon the same conditions as young 
men. They are required to room and board in families approved 
by the faculty. The library contains over fifty thousand books. 
Tuition is $60 per annum. There is also an annual fee of $20 for 
incidental expenses, a registration fee of $10, reading room charge 
of $2, and a diploma fee (on graduation) of $8. Room rent, $15 
to $80. 



Burlington. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Vt. 

VERflONT EPISCOPAL INSTITUTE, Burlington, Henry H. 
Ross, A. M., Principal, is located about two miles north of Burling- 
ton on high ground overlooking Lake Champlain, and command- 
ing an unrivalled view of the Green Mountains and Adirondacks. 
The school was opened in 1860, and during its thirty-eight years 
of history has had two principals only. Daily military drill, under 
a special instructor, is required of all pupils, and there is every 
facility for out-of-door sports. The school is carefully graded, and 
prepares for the best colleges or for business. Total charge per 
school year, $400. 

LYNDON INSTITUTE, Lyndon Centre, Fremont L. Pugsley, 
A. B., Principal. Lyndon Institute was chartered in 1867. Be- 
tween 1 88 1 and 1883 the school was closed for lack of funds, but 
during the latter year a permanent endowment of $25,000 was 
secured, and the school reopened in the autumn. The railway 
station nearest the Institute is Lyndonville, fifteen minutes' walk 
distant. Thompson Hall, the main building, is situated on an 
eminence overlooking the Passumpsic Valley. The equipment 
and apparatus is limited, but growing, and an effort is on foot 
permanently to endow the school library, which already contains 
more than one thousand volumes. The courses of study include 
classical, English and Latin, English, music, pedagogy, and com- 
mercial. A term's tuition, not including electives, is as follows : 
Classical, $8 ; English and Latin, $8 ; English course, $7 ; Com- 
mercial, $10. Table board per week is $2.50. Rooms, $3 to 
$7 per term. 

BURR AND BURTON SEfllNARY, Manchester, Eli Herbert 
Botsford, A. M., Principal. This is the oldest endowed academy 
in Vermont, the present year being the seventieth anniversary of 
its incorporation, though it was not opened to students until 1833. 
In 1849 it adopted co-education. In 1860 it added Burton to its 
original name of Burr Seminary, both names commemorating 
eminent benefactors. The location is central thirty miles south 
of Rutland on the Bennington & Rutland Railroad, and fifty miles 
north of Troy, N. Y. The school property covers forty acres, and 
the main building is a handsome edifice of stone, heated by steam, 
and provided with an independent sewerage system. The semi- 
nary aims to combine the influences and restraints of a well 
ordered Christian home, with thorough instruction, and a study of 
the individual pupil. It prepares for the best colleges. Tuition 
is $30 per year; board, $3.50 per week. 

fllDDLEBURY COLLEGE (co-educational), Middlebury, Ezra 
Brainerd, LL. D., President, was chartered in 1800. It is on the 
line of the Rutland Railroad, midway between Rutland and Bur- 

352 



Vt. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Northfield. 

lington, in a healthful and beautiful location, the view including 
the Champlain Valley, the Green Mountains, and the Adirondacks. 
Two courses are offered in the curriculum, the classical, leading to 
the degree of A. B., and the Latin-scientific, leading to the B. S. 
degree. The studies are of two classes, required and elective, but 
each student is required to have at least fifteen hours of recitation 
each week. All the studies of the freshman and sophomore years 
are prescribed. In the junior year nine hours a week are pre- 
scribed, in the senior year six hours are prescribed, and the 
studies for the remaining hours in these two years may be 
selected by the student from the electives, subject to certain 
regulations of the faculty. The exercises of each week day begin 
with religious service, which all students are expected to attend, 
and on Sunday they are required to attend public worship at such 
churches as are decided upon by the students or their parents. 
The college has a valuable equipment and is well endowed. The 
tuition is $60 per year. The income of various scholarships, a 
part of them under the control of individual proprietors, and a 
part furnished by the State, is available to students of good 
scholarship and correct deportment. 

NORWICH UNIVERSITY, military, scientific, and classical, 
Northfield, the Rev. Allan D. Brown, LL. D., President, was 
founded at Norwich, Vermont, in 1819, by Capt. Alden Par- 
tridge, and was known as the American Literary, Scientific, and 
Military Academy. It retained the name until November 6, 1834, 
when a charter of incorporation was granted it by the State of 
Vermont, under the name of Norwich University, which thus 
became the first scientific and classical, as well as the first military, 
collegiate institution in the United States. Its success was imme- 
diate, and every State in the Union had, in its early days, repre- 
sentatives among its students. In March, 1866, the buildings at 
Norwich were destroyed by fire, and the University was removed 
to Northfield, Vt., where the citizens had offered fine grounds and 
commodious barracks. It is a characteristic and peculiar feature 
of the institution that, in addition to the usual collegiate courses, 
the charter requires " a course of military instruction both theoreti- 
cal and practical." For this reason the discipline is, of necessity, 
military in form and principle, being modelled after that of the 
National Military Academy at West Point, of which Captain Par- 
tridge was at one time the superintendent ; and from its founda- 
tion to the present time it has held the distinction of being the 
foremost military institution in the land, West Point, and Annapo- 
lis alone excepted. Her sons have done yeoman service in both 
army and navy; from her founder, Captain Partridge, and her 
second president, Truman B. Ransom, who resigned his chair to 

353 



Poultney. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Vt. 

lead the Ninth New England in the Mexican War (falling at the 
head of his regiment at the assault of Chapultepec, in September, 
1847), through a long line of distinguished men in {he Civil War, 
until to-day, when her graduates are still to be found in both the 
services. Candidates for admission must be at least fifteen years 
of age. Besides the military course there are four regular courses 
in the academic department, as. follows : Civil engineering, arts, 
chemistry, and science and literature. The courses in civil engi- 
neering and chemistry have a distinctly practical bearing, and give 
a thorough training for the technical professions. The course in 
arts embraces the usual classical course, with French or German, 
physical science, etc. The course in science and literature is 
intended for such as may not wish to pursue a full course in 
classics or mathematics, or one for a distinctly scientific profession. 
Each of these courses extends through four years, and is intended 
to give the student a liberal preparation for the duties of life. 
Changes are made in the course in chemistry to meet the wants of 
students preparing for medicine and pharmacy. The regular 
degrees are conferred, and, upon graduation, cadet officers receive 
commissions signed by the president of the University, and by the 
Adjutant and Inspector-General of the State. The total expense 
of board and tuition is $207 for the year. 

TROY CONFERENCE ACADEMY, Poultney, Herbert Augus- 
tus Durfee, D. D., Principal. This school is conveniently located 
in a quiet village eighteen miles from Rutland by rail, and sixty- 
eight miles from Troy, N. Y. The grounds cover ten acres ; the 
buildings are steam-heated, and lighted by electricity. There is a 
well furnished laboratory, a large cabinet, and a library of three 
thousand volumes. Careful attention is given to physical train- 
ing, athletic sports and gymnasium practice being encouraged 
and wisely regulated. The regular courses of study follow : 
Preparatory, scientific and commercial, academic, Latin scientific, 
belles lettres, college preparatory, college science preparatory. 
There are also art, music, and business courses. The academy is 
under Methodist auspices, but is free from sectarian influence. 
Young ladies are admitted. Board and tuition per term in com- 
mon English branches is $63. 

THE RUTLAND ENGLISH AND CLASSICAL INSTI- 
TUTE AND BUSINESS COLLEGE, Rutland, O. H. Perry, 
A. B., President, L. J. Egelston, Secretary. Located in the heart 
of the Green Mountains, in the beautiful " Marble City," with 
every advantage of situation and surroundings, this institution, in 
its short existence of only nine years, has won a strong position 
among the schools and colleges of the State. Its special features 
are individual instruction, made possible by the fact that there is 

354 



Vt. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Saxton's River. 

one instructor for every fifteen pupils, and careful attention to 
health and physical training. While there are no less than 
fourteen courses of study provided, the large majority of the 
students are pursuing some one of the following : College prepara- 
tory, normal, commercial, stenographic, and telegraphic. The 
tuition is from $20 to $25 for a term of twelve weeks; $180 to 
$200 will cover all necessary expenses for the school year. The 
graduates of the normal and business courses are assisted to 
positions. Those completing the college preparatory course are 
admitted to most colleges on certificate. " A practical school for 
practical people " is the motto. 

PENSIONNAT FRANCAIS DE L'ACADEflLE du Vermont, 
and training school for teachers of French, Saxton's River. This 
institution, founded in 1887, was introduced to the public by Dr. 
H. M. Willard, now of Quincy Mansion School, in the following 
words : " Both Professor and Madame Roux are excellent teachers 
of great experience. Their mastery of the French language and 
literature, and their command of the English, ensure the success 
of all persons who wish to make rapid progress in French, and to 
become able to read it with ease and speak it with fluency. Wish- 
ing to educate their own children at Vermont Academy, they have 
come to Saxton's River, and are now prepared to receive into 
their family a few pupils desiring to make French a specialty. 
Such students can have at the same time the advantages offered 
at the academy by its courses of study in music and art. The 
opportunity of living in a French family of culture and refinement, 
of hearing and speaking French alone, is second only to a resi- 
dence in France." The Pensionnat has a beginners' intermediate, 
and advanced course, and French is the language of the house. 
The training school has an elementary (one year's) and an ad- 
vanced (two years') course. The number of pupils is limited. 
Address Rev. L. C. Roux, M. A., Saxton's River, near Bellows 
Falls, Vt. 

VERMONT ACADEMY (co-educational), Saxton's River, 
Edward Ellery, Ph. D., Principal. Two courses of study are 
offered, the classical and the scientific. There are also special 
courses in music and art. The classical course aims to give a 
maximum preparation for college. The scientific course is in- 
tended to prepare students for the scientific schools, for the 
scientific course of colleges, and to afford a general training to 
those who do not propose to enter a higher institution of learning. 
Laboratory work in the sciences, an extra year in mathematics, 
and full courses in history are offered. The advantages arising 
from the study of one of the classic languages are fully recognized, 
and the scientific course includes two years of Latin. The military 

355 




356 



Va. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Ashland* 



course is now in charge of an officer of the National Guard, and 
the work is carried on with the intention of conforming as nearly 
as possible to the methods used in schools where military instruc- 
tion is given by officers of the United States Army. 



VIRGINIA. 

MARTHA WASHINGTON COLLEGE AND CONSERVA- 
TORY OF MUSIC, Abingdon, the Rev. W. M. Dyer, A.M., 

President, is situated amid the mountains of Southwest Virginia. 
The departments of instruction include primary, intermediate, 
academic, and collegiate, in addition to the Conservatory of 
Music and schools of art, elocution, and business. The degrees 
conferred are M. E. L., B. S., and A. B. The school is under 
the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Teachers 
are selected with reference to their Christian character as well as 
their ability. The scholastic year is divided into two terms. 
Board per term, including furnished room, servants' attendance, 
light, and fuel, $75. 

THE RANDOLPH-MACON SYSTEM OF COLLEGES AND 
ACADEfllES is something unique among educational enter- 
prises. It comprises five institutions : (i) Randolph-Macon Col- 
lege, at Ashland, Va., chartered in 1830; (2) Randolph-Macon 
Academy, Bedford City, 
Va., established in 1890; 
(3) Randolph-Macon Acad- 
emy, Front Royal, Va., 
established in 1892 ; (4) 
Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College, Lynchburg, Va., 
established in 1893 ; and 
(5) Randolph-Macon Insti- 
tute, Danville, Va., admitted 
in 1897. These five institu- 
tions are owned by one 
self-perpetuating board of 
trustees, under the presi- 
dency of Bishop John C. 
Granbery, D. D., chartered 
by the State of Virginia, 
which has been entrusted 
by public-spirited Christian WM w ^^ A ^ CHANCELLOR> 

men and women with nearly 

three-quarters of a million dollars for the purpose of providing 
the best facilities for the education of young men and women 

357 





Alexandria. WHERE TO EDUCATE. v a . 

under Christian influences. It is not sought or desired to influ- 
ence the denominational preferences of students, but the officers 
in charge consider themselves under obligations to conform to the 
moral standards and religious usages of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, under whose auspices the institutions were estab- 
lished. The work is entirely benevolent. There are no stock- 
holders, nor are the executive officers financially interested. The 
endowment interest, students' fees, and other funds contributed 
for the purpose are applied to the best advantage for the making 
of noble men and women, and not for the making of money for 
any one. Any surplus of receipts is at once applied to improving 
the facilities or enlarging the corps of instructors. The system 
admits of enlargement and expansion and, without doubt, will 
continue to grow in power and usefulness. Correspondence on 
business of the system as a whole should be addressed to Wm. 
W. Smith, A. M., LL.D., Chancellor of the Randolph-Macon 
System, Lynchburg, Va. 

EPISCOPAL HIGH SCHOOL OF VIRGINIA, near Alex 
andria. The diocesan school for boys of the three Virginia 
dioceses, established in 1839. Seated upon a commanding 
plateau three miles west of Alexandria, the situation is singularly 
healthy at all seasons. Its elevation affords a magnificent view 
of the Potomac, of Washington (with capitol, library, and monu- 
ment), and of the surrounding country for many miles. Though 
close to the Theological Seminary, its only connection therewith 
is in being held by the same trustees. The playgrounds are 
extensive and include a gymnasium and skating lake. Improve- 
ments during the past seven years in buildings and equipment 
cost nearly $35,000. The present principal, L. M. Blackford, 
M. A., has been in charge since 1870. There is one all inclusive 
charge of $330 per year. 

RANDOLPH-flACON COLLEGE (men), Ashland, John A. 
Kern, D. D., President, has been maintained for nearly seventy 
years as one of the leading colleges of the South. The location 
is distinguished for healthfulness and accessibility, being on the 
line of the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad, 
sixteen miles north of Richmond, upon an elevated plateau. The 
campus, of about twelve acres, is beautiful, and shaded by a fine 
grove of oaks and maples. The buildings, besides professors' 
residences, are eight dormitories, the Pace Lecture Room Building 
and Chemical Laboratory, the Duncan Memorial Chapel, the 
halls of the literary societies, the gymnasium, and the Pettyjohn 
Hall of Science. Besides the college library, containing about 
ten thousand volumes, there is the Walton Classical Library, with 
an endowment of $1,000. The college courses lead to the degrees 

358 



Va. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Berkley. 



of Ph. B., B. A., and M. A. The necessary expenses per half 
session for board, washing, lights, fuel, matriculation fee, medical 
fee, and tuition fees in three schools are $95. Applications for 
rooms or information with regard to the college should be 
addressed to Capt. Richard Irby, secretary and treasurer, Ash- 
land, Va. 

RANDOLPH=nACON ACADEMY, Bedford City, E. Sumter 
Smith, Principal. RANDOLPH-HAGON ACADEMY, Front 
Royal, C. L. Melton, A. M., Acting Principal. These duplicate 
institutions are distinctively academies for boys, ranking in work 




between the preparatory home school and the college course. 
Their purpose is to prepare youths for college or university, or 
for business life, under the most wholesome moral influences. 
The grounds are commodious, and the buildings were erected at 
a cost of $80,000 each upon the most approved plans. The 
suggestions of the " Committee of Ten " are given due considera- 
tion in the course of study, which includes primary studies, history, 
languages, mathematics, science, drawing, music, and the Sargent 
system of physical culture. These subjects are distributed over 
a period of five years, the classes being known as forms. A 
physician is in regular attendance at the home, and a matron gives 
careful attention to all the needs of the boys. The expenses are 
$211.60 for the session. 

RYLAND INSTITUTE, Berkley, the Rev. A. E. Owen, D. D., 
President, is a private institution founded by Miss Lula M. Butt, 
and incorporated by an act of the General Assembly of Virginia, 
1892. It. is a non-sectarian school for young ladies. Founded 
in Suffolk, Va., in 1889, it soon outgrew all the building facilities 

359 



Bristol. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Va. 

of that city, and was removed in 1893 to its present location. A 
select home school conducted under the highest Christian influ- 
ences, the Institute offers a thoroughly practical education. The 
Home Department is presided over by Mrs. A. E. Owen, assisted 
by competent helpers, who give constant attention to the comfort, 
health, and need of the pupils. 

SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA INSTITUTE, Bristol, W. H. Tharp, 
A. M., President, was organized for regular work in the summer 
of 1884. The property is held in trust by a board of trustees 
appointed by the Baptist General Association of Virginia, and is 
the property of the Baptist denomination. The school up to 





NDOLPH-MACON ACADEMY. 

June, 1893, was located at Glade Spring, Washington County, Va. 
The building is a four story brick and stone structure, with pressed 
brick front. It contains 165 rooms, is steam-heated, and is lighted 
by gas and electricity. The Institute, which admits young women 
only, consists of an academic department proper and a conserva- 
tory of music and art. In the former department there are 
primary, preparatory, and collegiate branches. The full college 
courses lead to the degrees of A. B. and A. M. Board, furnished 
room, fuel, light, tuition in literary department, and physical 
culture, $225. Tuition in regular course: Primary department, 
$25 ; preparatory department, $40 ; collegiate department, $60. 

RANDOLPH=MACON INSTITUTE, Danville, Wm. Holmes 
Davis, A. B., Principal, is a high grade seminary preparatory to 
the Woman's College. Its course begins with the primary studies, 
and carries the work to complete the student's preparation for 
advanced college classes. An extra year is added for those who 
desire to complete their education at the Institute. Courses in 
music, elocution, art, and physical culture are also offered. The 
students and teachers form one household. The charges for 

360 



Va. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Hollins. 

boarding pupils in the literary courses are $87.50 for the half 
session. 

HAMPDEN SIDNEY COLLEGE, Hampden Sidney, Prince 
Edward County, Richard Mcllwaine, D. D., President, was founded 
in 1775, and incorporated by the Legislature of Virginia in 1783. 
It has been from the beginning non-sectarian in its organization 
and instruction, and while historically, and in sympathy and ser- 
vice, closely allied to the Presbyterian Church, has been patronized 
by members of all denominations, and done much for the upbuild- 
ing of Christianity, irrespective of denominational lines, not only 
in Virginia, but throughout the country. There are spacious 
athletic grounds, capacious buildings, well supplied laboratories, a 
gymnasium furnished with modern apparatus, and a library of 
fifteen thousand volumes. Hampden Sidney is a curriculum col- 
lege. The degrees granted on prescribed courses are : B. A., B. L., 
B. S., and M. A. Entire annual expense, $212 to $225. Students 
for the ministry and sons of Christian clergymen of any denomi- 
ation who need assistance are received without tuition fee. 

HAflPTON COLLEGE, Hampton, Miss Bessie L. Fitchett, 
Principal. This institution is delightfully located on Hampton 
River, one of the many estuaries from Hampton Beach and Chesa- 
peake Bay. In common with other similar localities, so near as 
this is to the Atlantic Ocean, it is remarkably healthy by reason 
of the extremely saline character of the waters which continually 
ebb and flow past the lawn which fronts the river. It is fifteen 
minutes' ride from Fortress Monroe, and in close communication 
with the North, South, and West. The buildings are all new, 
well ventilated, well heated, and lighted by electricity. The 
course of instruction embraces all the studies included in a 
thorough classical education. A limited number of young ladies 
only is taken. The expenses for the year are $250. 

HOLLINS INSTITUTE is located in Roanoke County, seven 
miles from the city of Roanoke. The picturesque mountain 
scenery, the invigorating atmosphere, and the extensive grounds, 
covering one hundred and fifty acres, are features of this school. 
The six main buildings are of brick, and accommodate one hundred 
and seventy-five boarding pupils. A resident physician has charge 
of the health of the students. The institution when founded in 
1842 was co-educational, but subsequently became exclusively a 
school for young women. While unsectarian, the institute is 
marked by high religious ideals. The school has numerous courses, 
and grants degrees. Full board and tuition in literary studies 
varies from $225 to $246. The school maintains high standards 
of instruction under eight male professors (university graduates) 

361 



Lewiston. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Va. 



and fifteen lady teachers, of varied accomplishments. Located in 
the great and beautiful Valley of Virginia, a region abounding 
with schools, and redolent of health at all seasons, it attracts pupils 
from a broad area, South, West, and North, and its accommo- 
dations are usually fully occupied. Charles L. Cocke, A. M., is the 
General Superintendent. P. O., Rollins, Virginia. 

BEL=AIR, a select school for young ladies, near Lewiston, 
Spottsylvania County, Miss N. E. Scott, Principal. The situation 
of the school has been pronounced by medical authority singularly 
healthy ; and its remarkable health record has sustained that 
opinion. It has the combined advantages of daily communication 
with Richmond and Charlottesville by the C. & O. R. R. with that 
of quiet surroundings and freedom from distractions, and pleasant 




HP 



HOLLINS INSTITUTE. 

seclusion, so conducive to study, while the atmosphere of the 
school and its society have been found'SO healthful and bright 
that the girls have been in most cases remarkably happy at Bel- 
air. The position of the school among the historic places of 
Spottsylvania County gives opportunity for interesting excursions ; 
and great attention is paid to recent periods of history, as well as 
those more remote. Daily exercise is part of the school routine, 
and usually consists of walks in the open air or tennis. The 
manners of the girls receive careful attention, and ladylike con- 
duct is expected at all times. The credentials of the principal 
are from the University of Virginia. The session is one of nine 
months, as much as .three weeks being allowed as holidays, part 
at Christmas, part at Easter, and part elsewhere in the session. 
Besides the regular course, a short course, preparatory to a sum- 
mer tour in Europe with Miss Scott, is provided. Terms for 
short course and tour, $800. The object of the school is to fur- 
nish to the group of girls under its care the circumstances that 

362 



Va. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Lynchburg. 

have usually formed the features of a Virginia home, a simple 
style of living, a high course of study, and access to a well chosen 
old library, to which judicious additions are made from time to 
time. Bel-air is an old colonial house to which modern and well 
ventilated rooms have been added, so as to supply comfortable 
apartments for sixteen young ladies. Terms for board, tuition, 
and music, $193. 

WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY, Lexington, the 
Hon. Wm. L. Wilson, LL. D., President, is the modern develop- 
ment of a "log college " erected beneath the shadow of the Blue 
Ridge in the Valley of Virginia, in the year 1749. The founder 
of the colonial school, styled at first the Augusta Academy, was 
Robert Alexander, who had received his education in the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh. In 1774 the Hanover Presbytery assumed 
control over the "log temple of learning," the Rev. William 
Graham being brought from Princeton to act as head master, and 
in 1776 the Presbytery gave the school the name of Liberty Hall 
Academy. In 1782 it was chartered by the Commonwealth of 
Virginia, and in the closing years of the eighteenth century was 
renamed Washington Academy, in honor of George Washington, 
who aided the institution by liberal gifts. In 1813 the title of the 
school was changed to that of the College of Washington in Vir- 
ginia. From 1 86 1 to 1865 the halls of Washington College were 
practically closed. At the close of the war General Robert E. 
Lee was elected to the presidency, and on his death, in 1870, a 
new charter of incorporation was secured for " The Washington 
and Lee University," which was presided over until 1897 by the 
son of Robert Lee, and since that date by the Hon. W. L. Wilson, 
the well-known member of President Cleveland's Cabinet, and 
chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House. 
Washington and Lee University has an unrivalled location, an 
excellent material equipment, and three general courses of instruc- 
tion : Academic, engineering, and law. 

RANDOLPH=nACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE, Lynchburg, 
William W. Smith, A.M., LL. D., President. This college is 
officially classed by the United States Commissioner of Education 
in " Division A " as one of the fourteen leading colleges for 
women in the United States. It is the only one south of the 
Potomac River that is so classed. In 1891 its central idea was 
expressed in the following resolution of its founders : " We wish to 
establish in Virginia a college where our young women may ob- 
tain an education equal to that given in our best colleges for 
young men, and under environments in harmony with Southern 
ideals of womanhood; where the dignity and strength of fully 

363 



Newport News. WHERE TO EDUCATE. " Va. 

developed faculties and the charm of the highest literary culture 
may be acquired by our daughters without loss of woman's crown- 
ing glory, her gentleness and grace." The buildings, placed in a 
campus of twenty acres, are of modern construction, and are fully 
equipped for college work. The courses of the college instruction 
lead to the degrees of B. Let., A. B., and A. M. The endowment 
reduces the cost of the regular literary courses to $125 for each 
half year. Superior courses are offered in music and art. 

NEWPORT NEWS MILITARY ACADEMY, Newport News, 
Edward W. Huffman, Principal, was founded in 1894. Its loca- 
tion in Newport News, both a winter and a summer resort, and the 
eastern terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway system, is 
very fortunate. The building is of brick, and is supplied with 
electric lights, hot and cold water, baths, and all modernconven- 






RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE, LYNCHBURG. 

iences. There are preparatory, academic, and business depart- 
ments. Preparation is given for West Point, Annapolis, Harvard, 
Yale, Virginia, and all similar institutions. Expenses per half ses- 
sion, payable in advance : Academic department, including board, 
tuition, fuel, lights, and furnished room, $100; preparatory depart- 
ment $95 ; day students, academic department, tuition, $25 ; pre- 
paratory department, tuition, $20 ; commercial school, tuition for 
the whole course, $25. 

TILESTON HALL, Old Point Comfort, Ruth G. Tileston and 
Laura E. Tileston, Principals. This school opened its eleventh 
year in October, 1898. It is delightfully located, overlooking 
Chesapeake Bay, and, as the climate of Old Point compares favor- 
ably with the famous health resorts of the Mediterranean and 
Southern California, it has proved especially desirable for delicate 
pupils, or those requiring the out-of-door life prohibited by 

364 



Va. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Onancock. 



Northern winters. It is a college preparatory home and day 
school. A limited number of girls is received into the boarding 
department, also young ladies desiring special work in languages, 
art, or music. Board and tuition for the regular course, including 
German, is $400 per annum ; French, music, and art extra. 

MARGARET ACADEMY, Onancock, the Rev. R. A. Robinson, 
B. A., B. D., Principal. In 1786 the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia granted a charter for the establishment of " Margaret Acad- 
emy on the Eastern Shore of Virginia." She thus stands among 
the oldest preparatory schools in the United States; her history 
has been enriched by three generations of graduates. The acad- 
emy opens her doors to both sexes, and the design is to prepare 




TILESTON HALL. 

her students to enter the higher classes in the leading institutions 
of learning ; or, where this is not contemplated, to enter at once 
on the active duties of life. She seeks, by holding up high ideals 
of moral and intellectual worth, to develop her students into men 
and women of cultured minds, sterling character, and elegant 
manners. The music department, including both vocal and in- 
strumental, is under the direction of a highly accomplished pianist 
and an experienced teacher. The buildings and grounds are 
extensive and beautifully located. The entire expenses of a pupil 
per session for board, fuel, lights, washing, and tuition, not includ- 
ing music, will range from $135 to $210, according to age and 
grade of studies. 

365 



Portsmouth. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Va. 

THE PORTSMOUTH ACADEMY AND COMMERCIAL 
NIGHT SCHOOL, Portsmouth, W. H. Stokes, Principal, was 
established under the present management in 1868. The design 
of the school is to give boys a thorough training in the studies 
usually pursued in academies, to prepare them for college and 
the United States military and naval academies, or to fit them 
at once for the daily duties of life. The academic department is 
mainly designed for boys, and is under the immediate instruction 
of the principal. The primary department, though intended 
mainly for little girls, admits boys under nine years of age. 
Terms per month: Academic, $3.25; primary, $2; bookkeeping 
(per course of twenty lessons), $5 ; music on pianoforte, $2.50. 

ST. ALBANS SCHOOL, Radford, Geo. W. Miles, Founder 
and Head Master. This school is situated on the banks of New 
River in the blue grass region of Virginia. The buildings are of 
colonial architecture, modern and well equipped with hot water 
heating, electric lights, hot and cold water on every floor. The 
plan of the school is unique. There are four masters, and the 
school is limited to fifty young men. It combines a delightful 
home life and at the same time gives a course of study extensive 
enough to put a boy in the junior class of Yale, Harvard, or 
Princeton. Of this school Gen. Fitzhugh Lee says : " I have 
always thought St.Albans School a most excellent institution for 
preparing boys for college or for the national academies. It is 
located in the most beautiful section of Virginia, and has a high 
grade of scholarship." The buildings for these fifty boys cost 
$30,000. The total expenses, including board, furnished room, 
servants' attendance, heating, lights, tuition in all branches, gym- 
nasium, reading room, are $350 for the school year. There are 
no extras. One-half of this is payable upon entrance and the 
other in the middle of the year. This school has commanded 
the patronage of many of the leading citizens of the South. 
Among them are ex-Speaker Crisp, of Georgia, Hon. Henry S. 
Turner, of Georgia, Gov. Thomas G. Jones, of Alabama, Judge 
R. T. Beauregard, of Louisiana, Judge Sterling F. Cockrill, of 
Arkansas, Dr. E. E. Hoss, of Tennessee, Gen. Joseph C. Breckin- 
ridge, of Washington, Senator John W. Daniel, of Virginia, Gov. 
J. Hoge Tyler, of Virginia, and many others of equal ability, 
reference to whom is given. The climate of Virginia where this 
school is located would be especially desirable and delightful for 
Northern boys. The altitude makes it cold, dry, and bracing, 
while at the same time its location in the South frees it from the 
severe rigors of a more Northern clime. It is especially suitable 
for boys who are subject to interruptions and distractions at home, 
and gives them a quiet harbor in which to prepare themselves for 

366 



Va. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Salem. 

real university work, or for business. There is a regular order of 
the day, as much so as at a military school, together with a regular 
gymnasium drill under a master each morning. The school is not 
military. This school has been the leader in athletic sports among 
the preparatory schools of the South, and its football and baseball 
teams regularly play the University of Virginia. Its games have 
been reported in Outing and one year in Harper's Weekly. 

UNION THEOLOGICAL SEfllNARY, Richmond, the Rev. 
T. C. Johnson, D. D., Chairman of Faculty, is a Presbyterian 
institution dating from 1824. The name arose from the union 
of the Virginia and North Carolina Synods in the management of 
the school. Since its establishment at Hampden- Sidney, seventy- 
four years ago, nearly twelve hundred students have received 
instruction in its halls. The buildings are modern and convenient, 
and the library contains sixteen thousand volumes. No charge is 
made for room rent or tuition. An annual fee of $5, to be paid at 
the opening of each session, is the sole charge due to the Seminary. 
Good board is provided at the Refectory at cost price. Board, 
light, fuel, and attendance are furnished for $12 per calendar 
month. 

THE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL, Richmond, W. Gordon Mc- 
Cabe, Principal. The school was founded in 1865, for the purpose 
of giving thorough preparation for the University of Virginia and 
other institutions of high grade, and for the practical business of 
life. The discipline is strict. The honor system obtains entirely 
in the management of the school, and the only punishment for 
deviation from that system is expulsion. The terms for board, 
tuition, and washing are $340 for school year. A large number 
of pupils from this school have graduated with distinction at the 
United States Military and Naval Academies, the leading engi- 
neering schools in the North, and at the leading universities 
throughout the country. 

ROANOKE COLLEGE, Salem, Julius D. Dreher, A.M., 
Ph. D., President, was chartered in 1853. It is favorably situated 
in the beautiful valley of the Roanoke, eleven hundred feet above 
the sea. There are courses for the degrees A. B. and A. M., with 
electives. The faculty is experienced. Five have had in the 
aggregate sixteen years of post-graduate work in the best Ameri- 
can and European universities. Two are authors of college 
text-books. The library contains twenty-one thousand volumes. 
Chemistry and physics are taught mainly by laboratory methods. 
The college draws its students from many States and several 
foreign countries. Its graduates are laboring in thirty-five States 
and four foreign countries. The expenses at Roanoke are very 

367 



Staunton. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Va. 

moderate, ranging from $150 to $210 a year. The college publi- 
cations are the Annual Catalogue and the Roanoke Collegian 
(monthly). 

HARY BALDWIN SEfllNARY, Staunton, Miss Ella C. 
Weimar, Principal, is situated at the central point of the Shen- 
andoah Valley, fourteen hundred feet above sea level. The 
Chesapeake and Ohio and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads pass 
through the town. The school buildings are steam heated and 
well ventilated, and are lighted by gas and electricity. There are 
preparatory, academic, and university departments, in addition to 
Schools of Music, Art, and Elocution. The trustees, upon recom- 
mendation of the principal, are authorized by law to confer the 
degree of Bachelor of Music upon graduates of the music course, 
and the degree of Bachelor of Arts upon students who satisfactorily 
complete the university course. Board, laundry, steam heat, light, 
physician's fee, contingent fee, seat in church, gymnastic and 
Delsarte exercise, and full English course, including general elo- 
cution, for session of forty weeks, $250 ; day pupils, $27 to $50. 

SUFFOLK COLLEGE, Suffolk, Sally A. Finney, Principal, 
was founded in 1869, and incorporated by act of the General 
Assembly of Virginia in 1880. It is situated in one of the most 
healthful towns of the State, and has the best railroad connections. 
The three large buildings occupy an elevated site. The institution 
offers the comforts of a well ordered home, with excellent advan- 
tages for instruction and discipline, to young ladies and little 
girls. For convenience of study and classification of students, the 
course of instruction is divided into three separate departments, 
viz.: (i) Primary" department; (2) introductory department; (3) 
academic or collegiate department. Board, including washing, 
lights, and fuel, for each quarter of the scholastic year, $30. The 
tuition charges vary widely with the subject taught. Special rates 
to the daughters of ministers. 

FAUQUIER INSTITUTE, for young ladies, Warrenton, Geo. 
G. Butler, A. M., Principal, is ideally located at an elevation of a 
thousand feet above the sea level, in sight of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains, and surrounded by a fertile and beautiful country 
wholly free from malaria. It has direct railroad communication 
with Washington, fifty miles distant, and with the principal 
Northern and Southern cities. It is preeminently a home school, 
the number of boarding pupils being limited to twenty-four. The 
institute building is commodious, and the grounds embrace ten 
acres. The broadly planned course of study, covering four years, 
no less than the special oversight of diet and exercise and the 

368 



Wash. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Burton. 

moral and Christian influences, commends this school to the 
attention of parents. Expenses are moderate. 

FISHBURNE MILITARY SCHOOL, Waynesboro, James A. 
Fishburne, A. B., Principal. This, as its name implies, is a train- 
ing school for young men. The military regulations are not 
burdensome, but are used especially for the purpose of physical 
culture and moral training. English, history, the languages and 
sciences, form most of the curriculum. Instruction is also given 
in bookkeeping, the Bible, elocution, and music. Tuition, board, 
and room rent make a total expense of $200 per year. 

SHENANDOAH VALLEY ACADEMY, near Winchester, J 
B. Lovett, M. A. (Univ. Va.), Principal, is a strictly first class 
school, attractive and complete, for boys and young men. Atten- 
tion to the individual pupil is a leading feature. 




GLADEVILLE COLLEGE, Wise, C. Y. Chapman, A. M., 
President, is almost a new institution. The instructors are 
endeavoring to build up in a mountain region a school where 
boys and girls of small means may procure a good academic 
education. The enrolment in 1898 was 160, of all grades, from 
the primary to the college. 

WOODLAWN NORHAL INSTITUTE, Woodlawn, Carroll 
County, E. E. Worrell, L. I., Principal, has a healthful location, 
with picturesque mountain scenery. In the students' boarding 
hall students and teachers form one household. The school pre- 
pares for college, and has primary, preparatory, high school, nor- 
mal, music, and elocution departments. Tuition, per term of 
twenty weeks, $5 to $12.50, according to the course. Board per 
month, including fuel, lights, and furnished rooms, $6.50. 

WASHINGTON. 

VASHON COLLEGE, Burton, A. C. Jones, Ph. D., Presi- 
dent. The two college courses, classical and scientific, are 
substantially the same as offered by our best American colleges. 
Each is four years in length, and graduates receive the degrees of 

369 



Tacoma. WHERE TO EDUCATE. 

B. A. or B. S. For those not prepared to enter college, a three 
years' preparatory course is offered, with the work under the 
supervision of the college faculty. The commercial school sup- 
plies a thorough business training covering two years. The cost 
of tuition and board, including room, light, and heat, is $175 per 
year. 

ANNIE WRIGHT SEMINARY, Tacoma, Mrs. Sarah K. 
White, Principal. The aim of the school is to offer the usual 
studies pursued in preparatory schools, combined with religious 
instruction and physical training. The course of study is divided 
into primary, intermediate, and academic departments, each em- 
bracing four years' work. The outline of study corresponds gen- 
erally with that of the primary, grammar, and high school grades 
of the public schools. Penmanship, composition, and spelling are 
required throughout the course. The yearly charge for board 
and tuition in English and one language is $200. Tuition for day 
pupils in the academic department is $50 per year. 

WHITflAN COLLEGE, Walla Walla, the Rev. S. B. L. Pen- 
rose, A. B., B. D., President. Whitman College was founded in 
1859 by the Rev. Gushing Eells, to commemorate the name of 
Marcus Whitman, M. D., a missionary to the Cayuse Indians in 
1836. The institution, however, was not opened to the public 
until 1866. Courses of study are offered in the classical, scientific, 
and literary departments of the college, each of which requires 
four years for graduation. The degrees of B. A., B. S., and B. L. 
are conferred on graduates of the respective departments. The 
Master's degrees are also conferred. There are departments of 
art and music. Whitman Academy is under the immediate super- 
vision of the college faculty, and prepares for the college. The 
college is open to both sexes. Tuition is $48 per year. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 

ALLEGHANY COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, Alderson, the 
Rev. W. S. Anderson, A. M., Principal, is the only complete school 
for young men and young ladies in the southeastern part of West 
Virginia. In addition to the regular A. B. course there is much 
work done of an academic character. It is situated in the most 
picturesque town on the C. & O. R. R., Alderson, twenty miles 
west of the famed White Sulphur Springs. While all work done 
is of a high character, yet the expense is nominal, only $175 for 
all expenses of home and literary tuition. It is now in its sixth 
session. 

370 



W. Va. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Morgantown- 

WEST VIRGINIA CONFERENCE SEMINARY, Buckhannon,. 
the Rev. S. L. Boyers, A. M., B. D., President. This seminary, 
which is under the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is 
in its ninth school year, and already numbers nearly four hundred 
students. It is located on the uplands, near the centre of West 
Virginia, about fourteen hundred feet above sea level. The town 
has never had a liquor saloon. Two handsome brick buildings 
adorn a campus of over forty acres, overlooking the town. The 
aim of the school is that of developing Christian character, and 
secondarily that of preparing thoroughly for college, technical 
school, and practical life. It is the intention of the authorities to- 
establish full college courses as soon as the resources of the 
institution will permit. There are classical, scientific, literary, 
and normal courses, besides the usual music, art, elocution, and 
business departments. Annual expense in the regular courses, 

$120 tO $155. 

BURNSVILLE ACADEflY, Burnsville, G. F. Queen, Principal, 
embraces four departments, offering seven courses of study : The 
literary, normal, music, and elementary commercial. Art courses 
are also offered by a graduate of the School of Art of Otterbein 
University. The academy is co-educational, and fits for college, 
public school teaching, or practical life. Cost of board, tuition, 
room, fuel, and light, per session of thirty-eight weeks, $85 to- 
$100. 

BROADDUS INSTITUTE, Clarksburg, Miss Bertha B. Stout, 
Principal, and Prof. Luther Rice Warren, A. M., Boys' Principal. 
This school bears the reputation of being the" most thorough col- 
lege preparatory school in West Virginia, and enjoys a well earned 
prosperity. Its graduates are admitted to State University with- 
out examination, and the State Board of Examiners award State cer- 
tificates to its graduates in normal course the same as to graduates 
of State Normal College. It is a school open to both sexes. Its 
courses are classical, scientific, normal, and also graduating 
courses in music and art. The faculty consists of eight college- 
trained instructors. To produce more man, and not to turn out 
titled men, is the ambition of those who shape the policy of this 
home of morals and letters. Clarksburg as an educational center 
is strategic. Easily accessible and prosperous, beautiful for sit- 
uation, and breathing health from the hills. The expenses for 
the school year, for board and tuition in academic department, are 
$15- 

WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY, Morgantown, J. H. Ray- 
mond, Ph. D., President, is the outgrowth of an academy incor- 
porated in 1814. In 1867 the West Virginia Agricultural College 



Salem. WHERE TO EDUCATE. W. Va. 

absorbed the original academy as well as a neighboring seminary 
for young women. In 1868 the name of the institution was changed 
by act of Legislature to the West Virginia University. The uni- 
versity organization consists of the following colleges, schools, and 
departments : The College of Arts and Sciences, the College of 
Engineering and Mechanic Arts, the College of Agriculture, the 
College of Law, the School of Music, the Commercial School, the Pre- 
paratory Schools, the Department of Elocution and Public Speaking, 
the Department of Drawing and Painting, the Department of In- 
struction by Correspondence, the Military Department, the Depart- 
ment of Physical Training. The general expenses, not including 
tuition, are from $132 to $203 per year. Except in the School of 
Music, and in the departments of elocution, drawing, and painting, 
tuition is free to West Virginia students. The tuition charged stu- 
dents from other States is : $5 per quarter in the Preparatory School ; 
$5 P er quarter in the Commercial School ; $8 per quarter in the 
College of Law ; $12.50 per quarter in the other colleges. 

5ALEH COLLEGE, Salem, the Rev. Theodore L. Gardiner, 
A. M., B. D., President. The college was organized in 1889 under 
a State charter, in accordance with the requirements of the Seventh- 
day Baptist Education Society. Its short history has been one of 
growth in influence and number of students. The college is located 
on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, fourteen miles from Clarks- 
burg, and sixty-eight miles east of Parkersburg. The college build- 
ing is a substantial two story frame structure with mansard roof, 
containing a commodious chapel and numerous recitation roorns. 
There are preparatory, collegiate, normal, and music departments. 
Religious influences, while not sectarian, are very pronounced. 
Tuition depends in amount upon the subjects taken, but the general 
expenses at this college are remarkably low. 

WISCONSIN. 

LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY, Appleton, Samuel Plantz, Ph.D., 
President, was opened in 1849. Tne charter provided for the 
organization of a college with authority to confer degrees ; the 
trustees, however, at first undertook only the establishment of the 
academic department. The school was named " The Lawrence 
Institute of Wisconsin," after the principal benefactor, Hon. Amos 
A. Lawrence, of Boston. The organization of the college depart 
ment was completed in 1853. There are six principal buildings, 
including a well furnished gymnasium. The library contains six- 
teen thousand books. Military instruction and exercise is given 
under a United States officer ; also physical culture for girls, under 
a competent teacher. The general departments are academic, col- 

372 



Wis. 



WHERE TO EDUCATE. 



Fond du Lac. 



lege, musical, art, and commercial. Entire annual expenses, includ- 
ing board, $150 to $200. The University, while non-sectarian, is 
under Methodist auspices. 

THE NORTH WISCONSIN ACADEHY, Ashland, S. F. Her- 
sey, Ph. B., Principal. This school is located on Lake Superior, and 
has the advantage of a healthful climate where hay fever is unknown. 
It was established in 1892 as a preparatory school of the New Eng- 
land type, where young ladies and gentlemen are fitted for college 



, 









I 




REV. THEODORE L. GARDINER. 

in the classical and scientific courses, or given a short English 
course. None but educated Christian 'teachers are employed. The 
influences are excellent, and the necessary expenses low. The 
campus consists of about twelve acres, containing the main brick 
academy building and the ladies' boarding cottage. Musical 
instruction will be given by a graduate of Oberlin Conservatory. 

GRAFTON HALL, school for young ladies, Fond du Lac, the 
Rev. B. Talbot Rogers, A. M., B. D., Warden ; Mrs. B. Talbot 
Rogers, B. L., Matron and Associate Principal. Applicants for 

373 




374 



Wis. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Aft. Calvary. 

admission should be at least twelve years of age, and in good 
health. A thorough academic course is provided, with special 
advantages in the languages, music, and art. The school is 
accredited by the State University for all its courses, and by 
Eastern colleges for women. The main building is of stone, three 
stories, heated throughout with indirect radiation hot blast, and 
lighted with electricity, supplied by a dynamo owned by the school. 
The home life is made congenial and comfortable, and each stu- 
dent is given a well furnished room with ample closet. Three 
hundred dollars per year pays the living expenses and tuition in 
all courses. 

CONCORDIA COLLEGE, Milwaukee, the Rev. M. J. F. 
Albrecht, President. This college is conducted and supported 
by the Evangelical Lutheran Church. The buildings, which num- 
ber three halls, a gymnasium, a hospital, and seven residences, 
occupy an elevated and healthful site in the western part of Mil- 
waukee near the city limits. The grounds contain about seven 
acres, and include a large campus and an athletic field. The 
primary object of the college is to prepare young men for the theo- 
logical courses of Lutheran divinity schools ; but it also fits for 
the best American universities. The institution was modelled after 
the German " gymnasia," where most attention is devoted to the 
classics. But in conformity to modern educational demands a 
number of studies have been added which were not contemplated 
in the original plan. The general course of study occupies six 
years. Attention is also given to music and physical training. 
Tuition is free to students for the ministry ; to all others it is $40 
per year. Board and fuel are $63 per year. 

flARQUETTE COLLEGE, Milwaukee, the Rev. Leopold 
Bushart, S. J., President, was incorporated with collegiate powers 
in 1864, and is under the exclusive control of members of the 
Society of Jesus. It has a classical department with collegiate and 
academic courses, and a commercial department. The catechism 
is a text-book in all the classes, and Holy Mass opens the exercises 
of the day. No applicant for admission is refused on the ground 
of his religious opinions. Degrees of A. B. and A. M. are conferred 
by the college. As the institution is not endowed, it is entirely 
dependent for its support on the fees for tuition. Tuition per 
session of ten months, $60. 

ST. LAWRENCE COLLEGE, Mt. Calvary, Fond du Lac 
County, the Rev. Antonine Wilmer, O. M. Cap., Rector. The 
college was organized as a separate institution in 1864, it having 
previously been a part of the neighboring monastery. Its history 
has been one of zeal and devoted sacrifice. Both monastery and 

375 



Racine. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Wis. 

college were wholly destroyed by fire in 1868, but were soon 
replaced by more substantial structures. In 1872 and 1873 still 
other college buildings were erected, and the present main build- 
ing was reared in 1882. A beautiful chapel was added in 1893. 
The location of this college, both for healthfulness and accessibility, 
leaves nothing to .be desired. Its primary aim is to prepare young 
men for the Roman Catholic priesthood, but in addition to its 
classical course of six years it offers a practical course in business. 
Board and tuition per session of five months is $60. 

RACINE COLLEGE, Racine, the Rev. Arthur Piper, D. D., 
Warden. Beautifully and healthfully situated on the banks of 
Lake Michigan, between Chicago and Milwaukee. The aim of 
the school is to thoroughly cultivate the intellectual, physical, and 
spiritual powers of growing lads, enabling them to approach a well 
rounded manhood. There are two general courses of study, the 
classical and scientific, divided and adapted in such a manner as 
to enable boys to prepare for the various university courses. The 
divisions follow the general lines indicated by Harvard University. 
The school is under the control of the Episcopal Church. 

ST. CATHERINE'S ACADEflY, Park Avenue and Twelfth 
Street, Racine, Sisters of St. Dominic. This is an institution for 
Catholic young ladies, situated in a retired part of the city of 
Racine, and commanding a fine view of Lake Michigan. The 
building is commodious, steam heated, and furnished with every 
modern improvement. Though electric cars constantly pass the 
academy, the extensive recreation grounds surrounding the school 
furnish all the advantages of the country. The aim of the school 
is the development of womanly character. Careful attention is 
paid to the health, manners, and morals of the students, and the 
intellectual standard is proportionately high. In addition to strong 
academic courses there are departments of music, art, normal 
training, and business. The scholastic year is divided into two 
sessions of five months each. The general expenses for one 
session are $75, in advance. 

RIPON COLLEGE, Ripon, the Rev. R. C. Flagg, D. D., 
President, was incorporated in 1851. It is reached by the 
Chicago and N. W. and the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul 
Railways. The buildings number six, and the library contains 
eight thousand bound and three thousand unbound volumes. 
There are four general departments : College, preparatory school, 
conservatory of music, and school of drawing and painting. The 
college offers three courses of study, the classical, the scientific, 
and the literary, each requiring four years for its completion, each 
leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and each requiring four 

376 



Wis. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Watertown. 

full years of preparatory work before entering it. Graduates who 
shall have completed an approved course equivalent to an addi- 
tional year of non-professional study, and paid the required fees, 
may receive the degree of Master of Arts. A wide range of elec- 
tives is provided for students in the regular courses. Tuition, per 
term, $10 to $12. An average estimate of expenses, per term, for 
board and room rent in college buildings, incidental fee, with fuel 
and lights included, will be about : For fall term, $54 ; for winter 
term, $48 ; for spring term, $44; for full year, $146. 

SAINT CLARA ACADEMY, Sinsinawa, is under the direction 
of the Dominican Sisters. This widely known institution is situated 
in one of the most beautiful parts of Wisconsin. To the rear of 
the academy is the celebrated landmark, " Sinsinawa Mound," 
rising 550 feet above the surrounding country, and commanding a 
view of the neighboring States. Railroad communications render 
Saint Clara easy of access from all parts of the United States, a 
fact which should commend itself to parents seeking a desirable 
school and home for their daughters. The building is spacious 
and attractive, furnished with every modern improvement condu- 
cive to health and comfort. The design of the institution 
is to give pupils, by a systematic practical training, an education 
at once solid and refined. For this purpose, the academy 
offers three courses : The classical, preparatory for university or 
college, the English, and the commercial. Tuition varies with the 
advancement of pupil and the branches pursued. 

STOUGHTON ACADEflY AND BUSINESS INSTITUTE, 

Stoughton, located in the famous four-lake region of Wisconsin, 
fifteen miles from Madison, the State capital. The school has 
thorough preparatory courses for college and is " accredited " at 
the University of Wisconsin. Its courses in bookkeeping, short- 
hand, and typewriting are practical and complete. The normal 
course is one of the special features of the school, and a large 
number take advantage of it every year. The musical course is 
taught according to the methods of the best music schools. The 
Stoughton Academy is open to both sexes. It is preeminently a 
school for people of small means. Expenses, including tuition, 
board, room, and books, from $26.50 to $30 per term of ten weeks. 

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, Watertown, the Rev. A. F. 
Ernst, President. The University was founded in 1864 and 
chartered by the State, March, 1867. It comprises three depart- 
ments : The preparatory department, the collegiate department, 
both of which are in Watertown,- and the theological seminary, 
situated near Wauwatosa, Wisconsin. The plan of studies in the 
preparatory and Collegiate departments is similar to that of a Ger- 

377 



Wausau. WHERE TO EDUCATE Wis. 

man gymnasium. The school therefore has practically but one 
course, leading to the degree of A. B. In the preparatory de- 
partment, however, boys and girls are admitted that wish to pursue 
academic studies, for which liberal provisions have been made. 
As yet the institution is bi-lingual (English and German) ; it is 
controlled by the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Wisconsin. The 
college expenses are $117.75 P er annum of forty weeks, including 
board, tuition, fuel, and incidentals. 

WAUSAU BUSINESS COLLEGE AND ACADEMY, Wau- 
sau, C. M. Boyles, Principal. This school was established in 
1886, and offers a thorough business course to its pupils, including 
shorthand, typewriting, and bookkeeping. Students can enter at 
any time. Terms are about $6 per month. 



WYOniNQ. 

UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING, Laramie, F. P. Graves, LL. D., 
President, is on the line of the Union Pacific Railroad, two hours 
distant from Cheyenne. The foundation of the University was a bill 
passed by the Ninth Legislature of the Territory of Wyoming, which 
convened on the twelfth day of January, 1886. A site consisting of 
twenty-one acres was at once procured and work was begun on 
the main building, which, when completed, cost over eighty-five 
thousand dollars. The first State Legislature (1890) passed an 
act greatly enlarging the scope of the institution, and also author- 
izing the Agricultural College to receive from the national gov- 
ernment the appropriations provided for in the Land Grant Act. 
The university is undenominational, co-educational, and non-parti- 
san. The departments number eight : The Preparatory School, 
the College of Liberal Arts, the Normal School, the College of 
Agriculture and the Agricultural Experiment Station, the College 
of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Mines, the School of 
Military Science and Tactics, the School of Music. Admission is 
by examination and on certificate. Degrees conferred are B. A., 
B. S., B. Fed., M. A. Tuition is free. 

SHERIDAN COLLEGE, Sheridan, Frank O. Hellier, President, 
is a Congregational college and has been adopted as such by the 
State Congregational Association. Its first term opened on 
October 3, 1898, with about thirty students; before the close of 
the term the number increased to fifty. The college is now fully 
prepared with a competent board of not less than ten instructors 
to take the best of care of all students who may attend in the 
higher common branches, the sciences, history, literature, mathe- 
matics, Latin, Greek, the modern languages, business course, 

378 



Wy. WHERE TO EDUCATE. Sheridan. 

shorthand and typewriting, painting, drawing, elocution, physical 
culture, vocal and instrumental music, and voice culture. The 
college will grant certificates and diplomas to any and all who com- 
plete any of these lines of study, and will confer degrees upon 
those who complete the higher and regular college courses. The 
tuition is fixed at the lowest point consistent with actual require- 
ments, and is $30 for the three terms of the regular school year. 




379 



INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. 



PAGE 

Authors' Agency . . . ... . . . 388 

Astoria Operatic-Concert-Dramatic Bureau . . . . 391 

Blackboards : 

J. L. Hammett Company 394 

Boarding School Directory 385 

Globes: 

J. L. Hammett Company 394 

Kindergarten Material : 

J. L. Hammett Company . 394 

Milton Bradley Company 384 

Lecturer to Schools : 

Charles Barnard . . . . . . 393 

Maps : 

J. L. Hammett Company . ... 394 

Music Teachers : 

Emil Gastel 393 

H. W. Greene 393 

Newell L. Wilbur 393 

Publishers : 

Milton Bradley Company 384 

Brown and Company . 383 

Educational Publishing Company .... 385 

Ginn & Company 386 

Romeyn B. Hough 387 

G. & C. Merriam Co 386 

John P. Morton & Company . ... 386 

Schools : 

Boston Normal School of Gymnastics . . . . 389 

The Frye Private School 390 

The Salem Commercial School . . * . .392 

School Supplies : 

J. L. Hammett Company ...... 394 

381 



INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. 

PAGE 

Sloyd Material : 

Chandler & Barber 385 

Teachers' Agencies : 

Bardeen, C. W 388 

Colorado Teachers' Agency 388 

Fisk Teachers' Agencies 388 

Teachers' Exchange of Boston . . . . .388 

Yacht Designer : 

Fred. W. Martin .... 393 




3 82 



School Libraries 

should be supplied with 

AMERICAN NAVAL HEROES, by JOHN HOWARD BROWN. A 
popular and comprehensive retrospect of the gallant conduct 
of the American sailor in the wars of the United States 
against England, 1776-84; against the Barbary States, 1803- 
15; against England, 1812-13; against Mexico, 1847-48; 
and against Spain in 1898 ; together with an impartial record 
of heroism as exhibited by the two American navies in the 
Civil War, 1861-65. The work has been carefully prepared, 
is fully illustrated, and verified as to dates and facts, and is 
supplied with a complete analytical index, making it a reli- 
able book of reference without detracting from its popular 
value as a story of heroes. Price, $3.00 ; sold by subscrip- 
tion. 

WHITTIER BOOK. "The paths their feet have worn," by 
ANNA M. LUCY. Price, $2.00. 

FRIENDS' SCHOOL, PROVIDENCE, R. I., Dec. 15, 1898. 
BROWN AND COMPANY, PUBLISHERS. 

Dear Sirs : I have examined with great pleasure and satisfaction 
"The paths their feet have worn." It is a beautiful, indeed an 
elegant, book. I am personally familiar with most of the places 
and associations which appear in the illustrations, and I regard 
them all as excellent artistic productions. There certainly is 
great merit in them as pictures, but to this is always joined the 
personality of a master spirit who once passed this way and ren- 
dered memorable every spot where he lingered. The groupings 
of persons and places mentioned in his poetry and prose, as well 
as his own sacred haunts and ways, are admirable. The thought- 
fulness and penetration into the life and works of Whittier, which 
are manifest throughout the book, will secure to it a permanent 
and enduring place beside his verse in the homes and hearts of 
the American people ; indeed, wherever in the wide world the 
universal church extends, and Divine love and human brotherhood 
sway the souls of men. Very truly yours, 

(Signed) AUGUSTINE JONES. 

WHERE TO EDUCATE, edited by GRACE POWERS THOMAS. 
Price, $3.00. 

We offer liberal discounts to schools and teachers, and will send our 
books on approval. 

Brown and Company, Publishers 

378 Boylston Street, Boston 

383 



EVERYTHING FOR THE 

KINDERGARTEN 



We are the Leading Manufacturers 
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Our goods go all over the country, from Maine to Hawaii, and 
no doubt they will soon follow our flag to Havana, San Juan, and 
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Send for our 80=page Catalogue 

with descriptions and illustrations of our immense variety of 

Helps for the Kindergartner and 
Primary Teacher 

WE SEND IT FREE* It will pay you to study it if you have 
the care of young children. 



MILTON BRADLEY CO. 

Springfield, Mass. 

Or, if more convenient, send to either of our Branch Stores in 

NEW YORK, ATLANTA, or KANSAS CITY 

384 



New York Boarding 
School Directory 

J56 Fifth Avenue, corner 20th Street 

ROOM 626 
PRESBYTERIAN BUILDING 



Circulars and full information of 
select, high-grade Boarding Schools, 
city and country, given parents. 
Special attention paid to out-of-town 
applicants. 

In writing, state sex and age of 
pupil and what State is preferred, as 
we have circulars from every State in 
the Union, and schools for young 
ladies, young men, and children. 

MISS H. N. HANNAY 

OFFICE HOURS : IO A. M. to 5 P. M. 



Camior be atfemed urify hpor tools. 
As tuoneers i? School Supplies we are 
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BENCHES, 
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BOSTON 



m 



Ten Cent Edition of Shakespeare 

(With Notes) 

The text has been carefully purged of expressions not in accord with modern ideas of pro- 
priety ; and the notes are very numerous and elementary, dealing, it is hoped, with all the real 
difficulties which beginners are likely to meet with. Allusions are fully explained, free para- 
phrases are given where a mere note might not make the passage sufficiently clear, and in many 
cases metaphors have been expanded. Some attempt has also been made to enable the pupil to 
appreciate the dramatic points which are likely to be missed in reading. 

The introduction has been kept as much as possible from the argumentation, and the notes 
are as a rule brief. The index will assist the pupil in making classifications of some of the 
characteristics of the play. 

NOW READY 

As You LIKE IT. 
MERCHANT OF VENICE. 
MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM. 
JULIUS CAESAR. 
CYMBELINE. 



KING JOHN. 
HAMLET. 
CORIOLANUS. 
KING HENRY V. 



MACBETH. 
TWELFTH NIGHT. 
HENRY VIII. 
THE TEMPEST. 
KING RICHARD II. 

PRICES: 

Paper, JO cents. Boards, 20 cents. Cloth, 30 cents, postage prepaid 

Of other books required to be studied for admission to American colleges, 
we publish the following low-priced editions : 

LOWELL'S Vision of Sir Launfal .... 5 cents* 

COLERIDGE'S Ancient Mariner .... 5 cents. 

TENNYSON'S PRINCESS (Annotated) ... JO cents. 

MILTON'S PARADISE LOST " I. and II. . JO cents. 

LAY OF THE LAST MINSTREL (Annotated) . . JO cents* 

HAWTHORNE'S HOUSE OF THE SEVEN GABLES . 30 cents. 

EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 
Dept. 28, 50 Bromfield Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

385 



Ginn & Company's Standard Books 

Hudson's Shakespeare. Harvard Edition. Edited by HENRY N. HUDSON. 
Hudson's School Shakespeare. Edited by HENRY N. HUDSON. 
Hudson's Life, Art and Characters of Shakespeare. 2 volumes. 

Cloth, $4.00 ; half calf, $8.00. 
Open Sesame. About one thousand pieces of the choicest Prose and 

Verse. 3 volumes. 75 cents and 50 cents. 
Classics for Children. A series of classics edited by well-known authorities. 

53 volumes now ready ; others in preparation. 
The Athenaeum Press Series. A series intended to furnish a library of 

the best English literature. Twenty volumes now ready. 
Standard English Classics. Edited by competent scholars, with special 

reference to college requirements. Twenty volumes now ready. 
Gay ley's Classic Myths in English Literature. $1.50. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers 

BOSTON. NEW YORK. CHICAGO. LONDON 

BARKER'S CHEMISTRY 

New and Revised Edition 
By GEO. F. BARKER, M. D. 

Professor of Physics in the University of Pennsylvania 

Barker's Chemistry has had marvellous success as a College Text-book. It 
has been used in all the leading Colleges of the country, such as Yale, Wil- 
liams, Amherst, Dartmouth, Brown, etc., etc. No book on Chemistry has 
received such unqualified praise from the highest authorities, or has stood so 
well the test of the recitation-room. 348 pages, 100 fine wood-cuts. 

Price, $1.75, postage paid 

Butler's Revised Practical Grammar, 53 cents 
Butler's Practical and Critical Grammar, 67 cents 

By NOBLE BUTLER 

Special Terms to Educators for Introduction 
Address the Publishers 

JOHN P. flORTON & COMPANY 

440 to 446 West Main Street, LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY 



Webster's International 

Dictionary 

Standard of the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. Gov't i 
Printing Office, and nearly all Schoolbooks. Commended 
by all State Superintendents of Schools. 

THE BEST FOR PRACTICAL PURPOSES 

BECAUSE 

It is easy to find the word wanted. 
It is easy to ascertain the pronunciation. 
It is easy to trace the growth of a word. 
It is easy to learn what a word means. 

Specimen pages, etc., sent on application. 
& C. Merriam Co., Publishers, Springfield, Mass. 




Hough's "American Woods" 

A publication on the trees of the United States illustrated 
by actual specimens of the woods 

" A work where plant life does the writing and which no one ca 
without thinking." G. A. PARKER, ESQ., Hartford, Conn. 



n read 

I know of nothing so well calculated to make young people fall in love 
with trees." E. H. RUSSELL, Principal State Normal School, Wor- 
cester, Mass. 

"This is a unique and beautiful publication for which the lovers of 
nature owe a great debt to Mr. Hough." DR. A. E. WINSHIP, Editor 
Journal of Education, Boston, Mass. 

"You must be working more in the interest of mankind generally than for 
yourself, to furnish so much for so small a compensation." C. H. BAKER, C. E., Seattle, Wash. 
"Cannot show my appreciation better than by subscribing for an additional copy." PROF. 
GEORGE L. GOODALE, Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 

WOOD SPECIMENS FOR CLASS USE 

PREPARATIONS OF WOODS FOR STEREOPTICON AND MICROSCOPE 
VIEWS OF TYPICAL TREES 

WOODEN CROSS = SECTION CARDS for invitations, 
menus, personal cards, etc. Admirably adapted to 
India-ink work and painting for gift cards, etc. 
Send for circulars and enclose 10 cents for sample speci- 
mens from American Woods. 

Address 
ROMEYN B. HOUGH, Lowville, N. Y. 




Publishers' Announcement 



THE 1898-99 edition of "WHERE TO EDUCATE" is now 
ready for distribution. This is essentially a reference 
book, containing condensed information of more than three 
thousand private schools and colleges in the United States. The 
information is in the form of brief sketches, attractively written 
and well illustrated by half-tone engravings. The book is edited 
by Grace Powers Thomas, who has had wide experience in edu- 
cational work. Aside from its value as a reference work it has 
a distinct literary value, as it contains an introduction on The 
Private School, by Mr. Arthur Gilman, the well-known author and 
educator, of Cambridge, Mass., and a treatise on How to Teach 
English, by Frederic Lawrence Knowles, editor of " Cap and 
Gown." This book should find a place in every library and in 
every home where there are children to be educated. It is of 
handy size, handsomely bound in cloth, and will be sent, postpaid, 
to any address upon receipt of the price, $3.00. Discount to 
teachers and to the trade. 

BROWN AND COMPANY, PUBLISHERS 

378 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass. 

387 



The Colorado Teachers' Agency 

We recommend competent teachers to School Boards. 

We assist teachers to desirable positions. 

Inquire into our method, satisfy yourself of our reliability, and then join us. 

We have representatives in forty -two counties of Colorado occupying posi- 
tions from superintendents at $2,500 a year, to principals at $1,500, to 
specialists in high schools at $1,000, to grade teachers at $900, to rural teachers 
at $450. 

We also have representatives in Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska. 

FRED DICK, Manager, = = Denver, Colorado 



M 



i g va l ua ble in proportion to its 
influence. If it merely hears 

of vacancies and T^|_| A 'p is something, but if 

tells you about them 1 ll/\ 1 it is asked to recom- 

mend a teacher and re'com- 

mends you that is more. Ours 

C. W. BARDEEN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



THE FISK TEACHERS' AGENCIES 

EVERETT O. FISK & CO., Proprietors 

Send to any of the following addresses for Agency Manual, Free : 

4 Ashburton Place, Boston. 825 Market Street, San Francisco. 

378 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 1041 -3,26. Street, Washington. 

730 Cooper Building, Denver. 414 Century Building, Minneapolis. 

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25 King Street, West Toronto. 



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uthors 

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Eighth Year. CRITICISM, ADVICE, RE- 
VISION, DISPOSAL. MSS. of all kinds. 
Thorough Preparation for the Press. Practi- 
cal Instruction. Writers' Supplies. 

REFERENCES: Noah Brooks, Mrs. Deland, 
Mrs. Burton Harrison, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, 
W. D. Howells, Mrs. Moulton, Charles Dudley 
Warner, Mary E. Wilkins, and others. For rates, 
and edit 



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Mention "Where to Educate." Copley Square, BOSTON, MASS. 

388 



Boston Normal School of Gymnastics 

flechanics' Building, Boston, flass. 

ESTABLISHED BY THE LATE MRS. MARY HEMENWAY 



The Trustees under the Will of Mary Hemenway 

AUGUSTUS HEMENWAY REGINALD GRAY 

HORATIO A. LAMB 



Director and Officers of Instruction 

AMY MORRIS HOMANS, Director. 
C. O. LOUIS COLLIN, M.D., 

Instructor in Applied Anatomy and Gymnastics. 

GULLI OBERG CALLOWHILL, Graduate of Royal Gymnastic Central 
Institute, Stockholm, 

Instructor in Medical Gymnastics. 
SARAH A. BOND, M.D., Assistant Surgeon, Vincent Memorial Hospital, 

Medical Examiner and Lecturer on Symptomatology. 
JOSIAH ROYCE, PH.D., Professor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 

Lecturer on Psychologv and Pedagogy. 

H. P. BOWDITCH, M.D., Professor, and WILLIAM T. PORTER, M.D., 

Assistant Professor of Physiology, Harvard Medical School, 
Lecturers on Anthropometry. 

W. M. CONANT, M.D., Assistant in Clinical and Operative Surgery, Har- 
vard Medical School; Surgeon to the Carney Hospital, at the St. 
Elizabeth's Hospital, at the Charity Hospital, and Out-patient Surgeon to 
Massachusetts General Hospital, 
Lecturer on Emergencies. 

THEODORE HOUGH, PH.D., Assistant Professor in Physiology, Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, 

Instructor in Physiology and Histology, and Lecturer on Personal 
Hygiene. 

FRED L. BARD WELL, S.B., Assistant Professor of General Chemistry. 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
Instructor in Chemistry. 

LOUIS DERR, M.A., Instructor in Physics, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, 

Instructor in Physics. 
ETHEL PERRIN, Graduate of the Boston Normal School of Gymnastics, 

Instructor in Applied Anthropometry, Dancing, and Games. 
JAMES G. LATHROP, Instructor in Athletics, Harvard University, 

Instructor in Athletics. 

LIONEL A. B. STREET, JVI.D., Instructor in Swimming. 

389 




THE FRYE PRIVATE SCHOOL, 
434 MASSACHUSETTS AVE. 



The Frye Private School 

434 Massachusetts Avenue 

Corner Columbus Avenue 

BOSTON, - - - MASS, 

Prepares for Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Harvard Medical School, Radcliffe, Smith, Wellesley, 
or other college or school. 

This school, although primarily a fitting school, is open to any 
student wishing to pursue one or more studies. 

Pupils placed here from Latin or grammar schools are enabled 
to save two or three years' time. This is accomplished through 
the individual attention received by each pupil from all his in- 
structors and our method of classification, which places the pupil 
in a class fitted to his ability in each subject pursued. 

The sciences of Chemistry and Physics are taught in a well- 
equipped laboratory, where the opportunity for advanced courses 
is open to all who wish to study. The certificate of The Frye 
Private School is accepted by all colleges admitting on certificate. 

Catalogues on application, 
39 



EDWIN A. PRATT, Director 



ASTORIA OPERATIC -CONCERT- DRAMATIC BUREAU 

St. James Building, 1133 Broadway, New York 

Office Hours: 10 A. M. to 5 P. M. 




M 



R. EDWIN A. PRATT, impresario and operatic manager, one of the most popular and 
energetic men in the operatic and concert field to-day, has removed his office to the new 



and elegant St. James Building, 1133 Broadway, where,' with more space, greater facilities, 
and finer environment, he can the better transact his ever-increasing business. There is hardly 
a man more widely known in the operatic and concert world than this successful and courteous 
gentleman, who is thoroughly conversant with musical affairs from an experience of fifteen 
years. Mr. Pratt conducts all affairs in connection with his bureau on strictly business princi- 
ples, where the manager and artist can depend upon the truthfulness of all statements made, and 
rely on the integrity of all business transactions. He has received the strongest commendation 
of both sexes in the profession for his exact business methods. A visit to Mr. Pratt's elegant 
office any day will convince the caller of the amount of business he is doing. Mr. Pratt has 
shown exquisite taste in fitting out his office, which has been pronounced by press and public 
among the neatest offices in New York. 

It is through Mr. Pratt that many of the operatic and dramatic organizations in the country 
have been supplied with talent, and several persons occupying prominent positions to-day on the 
stage have secured the opportunity through him such organizations as FrancisWilson, De Wolf 
Hopper, Frank Daniels, E. E. Rice, Oscar Hammerstein, Augustus Piton, Jacob Litt, and 
others. He is always identified with the best known musical and dramatic artists in the country. 
He is desirous to secure new fresh talent, for the opera, concert, and drama, at all times. 

^^^ Mr. Pratt desires correspondence with any ladies or gentlemen who wish to go on the 
operatic, concert, or dramatic stage with a view to business. 

391 



The Salem Commercial School 

126 Washington Street 
SALEM, - - MASS. 

Is one of the highest graded business schools in the 
United States. It was established in 1890, and incor- 
porated under the laws of Massachusetts in 1894. It 
maintains two distinct courses of instruction. The De- 
partment of Commerce trains the young men and young 
women for the duties and responsibilities of active busi- 
ness life, makes practical accountants and well in- 
formed business people of them. The Department of 
Shorthand and Typewriting offers a thorough and wholly 
practical course of training for stenographic work, both 
for commercial and literary purposes. The school is 
thoroughly equipped in all its departments with the latest 
and most approved educational devices, as well as the 
most modern office appliances. A large faculty of ex- 
perienced teachers is employed, and a separate employ- 
ment bureau is maintained. The location of the school 
in one of the smaller cities overcomes the objections 
often found to sending young people to a large city to 
attend school, and, at the same time, Salem is near 
enough to Boston to afford this school equal facilities 
with those in Boston for securing employment for com- 
petent graduates. The well-known culture of Salem, its 
fine library and church facilities, and numerous lecture 
courses allow the student to secure a thoroughly prac- 
tical business education under the. most helpful environ- 
ment. Tuition is placed at $25 per term of ten weeks. 
Those desiring further information -should address George 
P. Lord, Principal, or F. A. Spence, Secretary. All cor- 
respondence receives the careful personal attention of 
one of these gentlemen, and their illustrated catalogue 
will be mailed free on application. 

THE SALEM COMMERCIAL SCHOOL 

392 



BOATS FOR AMATEUR BUILDERS 




All designs shown in my new "ALBUM OF DESIGNS" to scale as indexed or enlarged 
full size very cheap. SPECIAL DESIGNS TO ORDER. Patterns, Moulds, and Instruc- 
tions to Amateur Builders. Small Steam and Sailing Craft Built and Rigged entirely 
or in part. Stems and Stern Posts, Keels, Frames furnished worked in the wood. All kinds 
of boats set up in frame and shipped " knockdown " to any part of the world. 

Send 5O cents for 72-page "Album of Designs" 
FRED. W. MARTIN, Yacht Designer, North Chicago, 111. 

Formerly Racine, Wit. 

Charles Barnard's Pictorial Science-Talks 

INSTRUCTIVE, POPULAR, PRACTICAL, ENTERTAINING 

MR. BARNARD'S SCIENCE TALKS are personally conducted tours through shops, 
shipyards, studios, and the workrooms of the great masters of modern applied science. They are 
admirable for Schools and Teachers. Illustrated circular on application. 

For terms and dates all communications should be addressed to 

WILLIAM T. GREGG, 104 Fulton Street, New York 

EMIL GASTEL 
Voice Culture and Artistic Singing 

Odd Fellows' Temple 
Room 300 Broad and Cherry Streets, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



MR. NEWELL L. WILBUR 

Fellow of American College of Musicians 

Teacher of Piano, Organ, and Theory 

513 BUTLER EXCHANGE, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Harmony and Counterpoint successfully taught by correspondence 

The H. W. GREENE VOCAL STUDIOS 

A complete school of singing, comprehending all the 
branches of the vocal art and its accessories, such as 
sight singing, pianoforte, theory, and dramatic action 

No. 487 5th Ave., New York City 

393 



SCHOOL SUPPLIES 

Maps, Globes, Blackboards, Books, etc. 

KINDERGARTEN MATERIALS 

J. L. HAMMETT COMPANY 

352 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 




394 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRAR 

THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE 

STAMPED 







APR 11 1916 




1954 Ltf 



S 'B 
I.OAN 




30m-l,'15 



YC 02839