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W mtaker's 



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J. WHITAKER Sl SONS, Ltd., 12, Warwick Lane, E.G. 

national Waif^ I 



1. Has to-day NEARLY 8,000 BOYS AND GIRLS under its care. 

2. Is the UNOFFICIAL Waifs' Society of the WHOLE NATION, and 
of ALL the Churches. The Children are either placed in the Church of 
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3. Has a Branch or Branches in almost EVERY 'COUNTY. 

4. Freely ADMITTED 4,078 FRESH CASES in 1903, and maintained 
during the year 10,477 Children. 

5. NEVER DECLINES a Destitute Child, even if Sick, Afflicted, In- 
curable, or a Helpless Infant. Admits Waifs and Strays who have been 
REJECTED by every other Society. 

6. Has under its care NEARLY 1,300 SUFFERING LITTLE 
CHILDREN, being more than the aggregate of child patients in FOUR of 
the largest Children's Hospitals. 

7. IS FREELY ADMITTING Seventy-eight new cases every week from 
all over the Kingdom, being at the rate of 13 per working day. 

8. Has always from 900 to 1,000 BABIES to maintain, thus constituting 
the largest Infants' Or^^hanage and Asylum in the world. 

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I out. 1,237 BOYS and GIRLS were emigrated during 1903. 

1 3. Has already rescued, trained, and placed out in life 54,265 Orphan Waifs. 

14. ^10 will defray the whole cost of EMIGRATING ONE CHILD. 

\ £i6 will maintain a healthy child in the Homes for one year. A suffering 
I child costs £;^o per annum. 

15. AT LEAST ^200 PER DAY is required for Food alone. 

BRASSEY, President. 
HOWARD WILLIAMS, Chairman of Cotincil. 
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PEEPAOE. ijx'l! 7 

)f fi" 

Beyond the usual corrections due to the daily reported changes we have 
i little to notify as to alterations introduced into our volume this year. In 
, some hundreds of individual instances much additional information has been 
I utilised, and in the Introduction there are short additions made to the 
1 paragraphs on the Peerage of Scotland, the Military Knights of Windsor, 
I and the Order and League of Mercy. 

j It has been a special feature of this Introduction that close attention has 
I been paid to the designations and style of the relatives of Peers. We have 
again this year made reference to the Lord Chamberlain, and the wholly 
I confirmatory answers received may be allowed to justify us in regarding our 
I rules as authoritatively stamped. Small insertions have, however, been added 
I to make them clear as to particular cases, and the note on the Colonial use of 
1 the term Honourable " has been revised and made more definite. As to this 
i latter item we have referred to the Colonial Office. 

j It was announced last year that the continued annual expansion of this 
I work had reached its limit and must receive a check ; certain specified lines 
of exclusion were therefore adopted at that time, and in our present issue we 
have further had to omit the long account of the Coronation, as well as two 
pages on His Majesty's Predecessors, which had either grown out of date or 
been supplied in a different form. But even this was not sufficient in view of 
the recurring announcements of new creations which follow upon every one of 
our esteemed Monarch's frequent travels and visits, so that a large number of 
the minor past services of the persons noted have also of necessity been struck 
out. In spite of all this the volume still contains over seven hundred pages, 
thus only too surely presaging a yet further process of excision. 

Whilst renewing our thanks to the many persons who have obliged us 
with very useful information, we must also repeat, in a somewhat clearer form, 
the request that they would endeavour to send their communications at as 
early a date as they can. The closing paragraph of our last year's Preface 
underwent a hasty curtailment which may have rendered it even misleading. 
On no account would we have it understood that the proper time for writing 
was just previous to the 12th of November — a date after which it would be 
actually impossible for even the most urgent of corrections to find attention for 
the earlier portions of the book. Such <>f these as can be made use of most 
certainly will be; but as much as possible earlier than October " would be 
a far better general rule, and even if reaching the Editor in the previous 
December there would not be the slightest fear of their being overlooked. 

12 Warwick Lane, E.G. 
November i8, 1904. 

Claimant Baronets — Description of Title-page. 


The increase year by year in the number of aspirants to the dignity of a Baronetcy 
j induced us lately to take a step requiring to be noticed. There are possibly a few 
j amongst these who are genuinely entitled to the style which they claim ; but, taking 
1 them in the bulk, it is evidently safe to say that those who are not downright impostors 
j are the deluded victims of an impractical idea. The modus operandi of these latter is 
j apparently this : they become aware of a lapsed Baronetcy of their own surname, the 
I last holder of which was either certainly or possibly a relative ; no one else has assumed 
i the title, so why should not they ? The other class, believing that a Baronet's title will 
give them a standing or secure them longer credit from tradesmen, hunt up some name 
in Burke's ' Extinct Baronetages ' (if it does not happen to be their own, what is easier 
than to make it such ?), give it out that the latest holder left a son or brother whose name 
was never registered, and that from that son or brother themselves are descended ; 
servants and shopkeepers have perforce to give them their title, and thus a fictitious 
j local position is secured, which probably suffices for the main purpose of most of them. 
- Some of them tell us that they cannot afford the fees necessary for establishing their 
claim, thiis ignoring the law of society that what a man cannot pay for he has to do 
without. They may say that in their case no person is injured by the unauthorised 
^ assumption ; but if they injure no individual they degrade and insult the Baronetage at 
large. Aspirants whose claim is good do not usually assume the title till they have 
M established it, and the converse is reasonable as to those who first assume what they 
^l^know they never can establish. A Mr. Robert Dennis, who has gone deeply into the 
subject, lately wrote to The Times characterising the mass of these pretenders as a race 
of unmitigated scoundrels ; whilst the Editor of ' Dod's Peerage ' in a subsequent letter 
stated that if an investigation were instituted there would probably be as many as fifty 
who would go by default. All claimants, whether as Baronets or as Peers, are now 
printed in our smallest type. m m-^ si^ m m 



There is here either latent or patent a considerable amoiint of illustration of the following pages. 
Turning first to the corners, we have at the upper left a representation of the Star of the Order of 
the Garter, at the right that of the Thistle, at the lower left that of St. Patrick, and at the lower 
right that of the Military Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of a Maltese Cross (the 
clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper) . Turning now to the coronets &c. in the oval 
design surrounding the letter-press, we need only remark that " Nephews " corresponds to " Princes 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Royal Diikes" to "Princes of the Blood Royal," whilst the 
" Cap of Dignity " or "of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dress of Royalty (much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of forty of the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leeds, Rutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, Norton, 
Brabourne, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop's mitre, 
which some protest ought in nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks imder the headings of these 
two Orders will suffice to make our position clear in the matter. The intennediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
figured Star. Thus perpendicularly under the Garter comer is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by the 
coronets, is a true-lovers' knot as described in loc. The adjacent upper quarter is devoted to the 
Thistle, and exhibits the device of that symbol with the iatervening sprigs of me as they are found in 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick will be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick Collar. Lastly, against the Bath comer we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the form 
wom by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork, being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as in 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objeots are attached together by thear edges and without chains. Surmounting the entire oval of 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Imperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 



Description of Title-page . . . , , ix 

List of Promotions and Creations . . xii 

Ohitimry ............. xiii 

Abbreviations ............ xvi 


The Sovereign i 

Relatives of the Sovereign 3 

The Peerage and its Degrees (Bishops, 14 ; Classification, iS) . . 5 

The House of Lords 18 i 

The Peerage outside of the House (Foreign Titles, 21) . . . 20 
Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives (Divorcees, 27) . . . .22 

The Rolls of the Three Peerages (Index, 33) 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Peers with Seats in the Lords . . . . 36 

Historic Peerage 38 

Peerages Extinct or Dormant since 1820 . . . . , . 45 

The Privy Council 47 

The Baronetage . . . 49 

Historic Baronetage 52 

Bannerets (or Knights Bannerets) . . . . . . . 56 

The Knightage, Companionage, and Decorations . . . .56 

Remarks on Native Eastern Names and Titles . . . . 68 

Officers of Arms 70 

Precedence 71 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title 74 

Cautions as to the Sjjelling of certain Titles and Names 76 


H.M. King Edward VII., with Descendants and Relatives . . 78 

Index to the Royal Family 91 

Conspectus of the Royal Family , 93 

Order of Succession to the Throne 93 

Genealogical Table of the Houses of George III. and Saxe- 

CoBURG, with Observations 94 

Plan of the Directory 96 

Roman Catholic Bishops 659 

Index to Seats and Residences in above 663 



Abeyance 12 

Albert Crown ix, 61 

Accession of a new Sovereign. . . 3 
Addressing Persons of Title . . .74 

Albei-t Medal 67 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2 

Archbishops 14 

Armil or Armilla 2, 3 

Ai-ms, 8 ; College of 70 

Attainder 7 

Bankruptcy of a Peer 19 

Bannerets 56 

Baronets, 49 ; succession of, 7, 

50 ; arms of, 8, 50 ; marriage 

of, 25 ; widow of 27 

Barons 11 

Bath, Order of the 59 

Bishops, 14 ; titles of those of 

Ireland, the Colonies, &c. ...16 

Black Eod, 58 ; in Ireld 59 

"Blood" and "Blood Eoyal" 5 
Cap of Dignity or Maintnnce. . . .ix 

Cautions on spelling 76 

Chancellor, Lord 19 

Classification of the Peerage ...18 

Cockade, The 68 

Colobium Sindonis 2 

Commons ,not dissolved at death 

of a Sovereign, 3 ; Irish Peers 

who have been members of... 6 
Conspicuous GallantryMedal...67 

„ Service Cross 67 

Coronation Chair 2 

Coronation Oath 3 

Coronets, 8; Note on 13 

Count, the term 10, note 

Courtesy, Lords by, 24 (also 

under Diike) ; their marriage 26 

Crosiers 18 

Cross-patt^e 2 

Crown Colonies 23, note 

Crown of India, Order of 65 

Crowns, various Royal 1 

"Curtana" 2 

Dalmatic Robe 3 

" Dame," a Baronet's Wife . . .50 

" Defender of the Faith " 1 

Descent of Nobility 6 

Distingmshed Service Order ...65 

Dowager Ladies 27 

Dukes 8 

Earls 9 

Egyptian Titles 69 

Ermme S, note 

Extinct Peerages 45 

Female succession 6 

Foreign Titles of Nobility 21 

Garter King of Arms 19, 58 

Garter, Order of 57 

Golden Eagle 2 

„ Spurs 2 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 24 

Green Rod 59 

Hanover, Kings of , 1 ; Knights of 64 

Hat privilege 7 

Heir Apparent and Pre- 
sumptive 4 

,, male and female 6 

" Heirs general " 7 

Heraldic Crown 1 

Heralds &c 70 

Hereditaiy Peers 20 

Historic Baronetage ■ 52 

Historic Peerage 38 

" Honoiirable," the term 22 

" Hon. Lady " 23, 26 

"Ilk, Of that" 50 

Imperial Crown i 

Imperial titles held by Scottish 

and Irish Peers 37 

Imperial Service Order 05 

Indian Empire, Order of 63 

Indian native titles 6a 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; of 
Peers, see under "Dukes" 
&c., and Note on Coronets. 
Irish Peers, 20, 36 ; do. in Com- 
mons, and remark on their 

titles, 6 ; Bishops 16 

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 67 

Kingdom and its Rulers 1 

King's Champion 3 

Kings of Arms 70 

Knightage, early usages, 56, 60 ; 
higher Orders restricted to 
nobles, 57; "additional" or 
"extras," 58, 61; antipathy 

to 64 

Knights Bachelors 64 

Knights' fees 12, 64 

Lady," the term, 23, 25: re- 
tained by a Baronetess 50 

Lapsing of titles 7 

League of Mercy 67 

Life Peers 20 

" Lord," the term 22 

Lord Chancellor 19 

Lord of Session 21 

Lords, House of, composition 
18 ; forms of admittance, ar- 
rangement.and proceduie 18,19 

Maltese Cross 67 

Mantles— King's, 3; Peers' 14 

Marquesses 9 

Marriage of Peeresses &c 25 

" Master," a term of Scottish 

Peerage 24, 27 

Military Knights of "Windsor. . .66 

Miniver 8, note 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 10 

Mitres 18 

Montfort, Sir Simon de 11 

Morganatic marriage 27 

Mound 2 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 10, 7iote 

Nobility, privileges of 7 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of 51 

Oath at Coronations, 3 ; on a 

Peer's accession 19 

" Of," when used in titles 6 

Of&cial Peers 20 

Orb 2 

Order of Mercy 67 

Order of Merit 65 

Patent of nobility 13 

Patrick, Order of St 59 

" Pearls " in coronets 9, 14 

Peeresses, marriage of, 25 ; in 

own right 21 

Peers of Parliament, 6, 16 ; of 
England. Scot., Ir., and Im- 
per., 6; trial of, 7; term 
implying " equals," 12 ; clas- 
sifications of, 18 ; hereditary, 
life, official, and elected, 20 ; 

by courtesy 24 

Peers' gons and Grandsons ..^ 24 


Peers' Widows 

Powdered mantle 

Precedence 71 

Premier Dukes,8; Marquesses, 

9; Earls, 10; "Viscounts, 11 ; 

Barons, 13; Baronets 51 

Premiers obtaining Peerages... 11 

Prince of Wales 4 

Princes &c., younger 5 

Princess Royal, status of 5 

Privileges of Peers 7 

Privy Council 47 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 19 

Queen Consort and Dowager. . . 3 

Quorum in Lords 19 

Regalia of Sovereign 1 

Representative Peers 20 . 

" Right Hon.," the term 23 

Ring, Ruby 3 ' 

Robes, Note on 13 

Roll of the House of Lords 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Royal Hanoverian Order 64 

Royal Red Cross 67 , 

Royal Victorian Order 63 1 

St. Edward's Crovm and Staff, 1,2 \ 
St. John of Jerus., Order of ...66 ! 
St. Mich, and St. Geo., Order of 62 i 

St. Patrick, Order of 59 j 

Scarlet Rod 6l j 

Sceptres 2 | 

"Scotch," the word objected j 

to 20, note 

Scottish Peers, 20, 36; Lords of ] 

Session 21 

" Sir " with a Peer's name 57 1 

Special Remainder 7 1 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2; of 

Knights 56 

Star of India, Order of 61 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Stone of Destiny 2 

Succession 6 

Summons, Writ of, 12; of 

Peer's son to Lords 13 

Super tunica 2 

" Supporters" in arms 8 

Swords of State, Justice, and 

Mercy 2 

Tenants in Chief 12 

Tenure, Barons by 11 

Thanes 11 

"The" before "Lord," 

"Lady,"&c.74 (underBaron) . 

Thistle, Order of 59 

Title-page, description of ix 

Titles of Sovereign 1, of Peers 

&c 6 

Triple Peerages 37 

I Ulster, ' ' Bloody Hand of " . . .50 
1 Victoria and Albert, Roy.Order 

! of 65 

Victoria Cross 66 

j Victorian Order, Royal 63 

j Viscounts 11 

I Volunteer Officers' Decoration 67 

I Voting in Lords 19 

Wales, Prince of (position, in- 

I signia, &c.) 4 

I Woolsack 19 

i Writ, Barons by, 12 ; when still 

used 13 

Younger sons of nobles 24, 

an d see under "Duke^" &c . 


For 1904 {up to Nov. 15). 

No creation nor promotion. Irish Eepres. Peer elected, Baron Bellew. 
(Extinct— Gamhridge Dkdm. ; Ravensworth Eldm. [Bny. remaining] ; Shand Bny.) 


Campbell, Rev. Alex. E., to Glasgow; Collins, Rev. W. E., to Gibraltar; Donaldson, Rev. St. C, G. A., 
to Brisbatie; Duvernet, Rev. F. H., to Caledonia; Hamlyn, Rev. N T., to Gold Coast as Assist, to Bp. 
of W . Equat. Africa ; Gregory, Rev. F. A., to Mauritius; Hornby, Bp. retd., to Nassau; Hoskyna, Bp., 
from Burnley to Southwell ; Maclean, Rev. A. J., to Moray; Pereira, Rev. H. H., to Croydon (Sulf) ; 
Pym, Bp., from Mauritius to Bombay. Turner, Rev. A. B., to Corea; "Welsh, Rev. J. F., to Trinidad; 
Williams, Rev. A. A., to Tinnevelly ; Worrell, Rev. C. L., to Nova Scotia. 

Privy Councillors. 

Booth, Chas. ; Brackenbury, Gen. Sir H., g.c.b. ; Bruce, Sir Gainsford ; Egerton, Sir E. H., g.c.m.g. ; 
Hardinge, Hon. Charles, c.v.o. ; Hood (F.-Acland-), Sir A. (too late for List, p. 48) ; Slaney (Kenyon-), Col. 
W. S. ; Smith, J. Parker ; Tascherau, Hon. Sir H. E. 


Boyle, Edwd., k.c; Cayzer, Sir C. (Kt.); Flanncry (Fortescue-), Sir J. ; Goulding, W. J.; (Harmsworth, 
A. C. ; Heath, Jas. ; Kimber. Hy. ; Nairn, Mien. B. ; Palmer, Walter; Ritchie, Sir J. T. (Kt. Bach.); 
Ropner, Sir R. (Kt. Bach.) ; White, Geo. ; Wills, Sir E. P., k.c.b. 

{Exti7ict—Bvam.we[\, De Vere, Forster of Coolderry, Halkett, Hunt, Maple, Musgrave of Drumglass, Steel, 
Watson of Fulmer.) 


if. P.— Mayo, Earl of. 

G.C.B. —MU. : Cameron, Gen. Sir W. G., k.c.b.; Domville, Adm. Sir C. E., G. c.v.o., k.c.b.; Egerton, Lt.-Gen. 
Sir C. C, K.C.B. ; Holdich, Gen. Sir E. A., k.c.b.; Kenny (Kelly-), Lt.-Gen. Sir T., k.c.b. 

K.C.B.— Mil.: Beaumont, Vice- Adm. Sir L. A., k.c.m.g.; Burroughs (Traill-), Lt.- Gen. F. W., c.b.; 
Fanshawe, Vice-Adm. A. D. ; Hogg, Lt.-Gen. A. G. F., c.b. ; Low, Gen. A., c.b. ; Pearson, Vice-Adm. H. 
L. ; Seymour, Gen. W. H., c.b. ; Thomas, Lt.-Gen. J. W., c.b. ; Thornton, Dep. Surg.-Gen. J. H., c.b. ; 
Townsend, Surg.-Gen. E., c.b. ; Wright, Lt.-Gen. W.V.— Giv. : Christie, W. H. M., c.b., f.r.s. ; Gamble, Sir 
C. D., Bt., C.B. ; Hall, Col. A. W., c.b. ; Hardinge, Sir A. H., k.c.m.g., c.b. ; Maclean, Col. Sir F. D., Bt., 
c.b. ; Reed, Col. C. J., c.b ; Stanhope, Col. W. S., c.b. 

G.C.^./.— Ampthill, Lord, g.c.i.e. 

iCC-S./.— Bhavsinghji Takhtsinghji, H.H. Thakiir ; Bikanir, H.H. Maharajaof, k.c.i.e. ; Bourdillou, J. A., 
c.s.i. ; Martindale, A. H. T., c.s.i.; Raleigh, Thos., c.s.i. ; Tagg, A. T., c.s.i. ; Thomson, Jas., c.s.i. 

G.C.M.G.—Bevtie, H. E. Rt. Hon. Sir F. L., g.c.v.o., k.c.b. ; Finlay, Sir R. B. (Kt. Bach.) ; Grey, Earl ; 
M'Callum, Col. Sir H. E., k.c.m.g. ; Northcote, Lord, g.c.i.e.; Ommanney, Sir M. F., k.c.b., k.c.m.g.— Blomfield,Rear-Adm. R. M., c.M.G. : Bredon, R. E., c.m.g.; Custance, Vice-Adm. R. N., c.v.o., 
c.M.G. ; Drummond. Hon. G. A.; Elliot, F. E. H., c.m.g. ; Escott (Sweet-). E. B., c.m.g.; Frost, Hon. J., 
C.M.G. ; Fuller, T. E., c.m.g. ; Jordan, J. N., c.m.g. ; Manning, W. H., c.b. : Rodger, J. P., c.m.g. ; Shelford, 
Wm., C.M.G. ; Sutton, Hon. G. M. ; Treacher, W. H., c.m.g. ; Wilson (Grey-), Wm., c.m.g. 

6r.C7.jE'.— Lamington, Lord, g.c.m.g. ; Bhopal, Begum of. 

iCC/.^".— EUes, Mai.-Gen. Sir E. R., k.c.b.; Jan Sadozai, Sardar, c.i.e.; Jaswant Singh, Raja; M. Mehta, 
Phirozeshah, c.i.e. ; Ottley, Col. J. W., c.i.e. ; Prinsep, Sir H. T. (Kt. Bach.) ; Scott, Col. Buchanan, 

G.C.F.O.— Canterbury, Abp. of, k.c.v.o. ; Lascelles, Rt. Hon. Sir F. C, g.c.b.; Richmond and Gordon, 

Duke of, C.B.; Teck, H.S.H. Prince Alex, of, k.c.v.o. 
Z'.C.F.O.— Burton, Lord; Collins, Sir R. H., k.c.b.; FitzGeorge, Rear-Adm. Adolphus A, F., c.v.o.; Fitz- 

George, Col. Aug. C. F.,c.b.; Goschen, Sir W. E., k.c.m.g.; Gough, Vise: Hardinge, Rt. Hon.C. k.c.m.g.; 

Hart, Maj.-Gen. Sir R. C, k.c.b.; Knowles, J. T.; Lane, Maj.-Gen. R. B., c.v.o., c.b.; Leach, Maj.-Gen. 

Jno.; Milne, Rear-Adm. Sir B., Bt., c.v.o.; Savile, Lord, c.v.o.; Williams, Maj.-Gen. A. H. W. 

Kt.o. BacA.— Allan, H. M.; Angler, T. V. S.; Barclay, Thos.; Barham, G.; Baxter, G.W.; Beachcroft, R. M.; 
Bellamy, J. A.; Bignold, Arth.; Bray, R. M.; Brickwood, J.; Bundey, Hon. W. H.; Burkitt, W. R.; 
Candy, E. T., c.s.i.: Colvin, W. M.; Cook, Hy.; Cooper, P. A.; Cowley, Hon. A. S.; Dewar, Prof. J., r.R.s.; 
Donaldson, Geo.; Doughty. Geo.; Dunning. E. H.; Elgar, E.; Franks, K. M. St. J.; Gatty, Steph. H.; 
Gatty (Scott-), A. S.; Gibb, J. S.; Gooroo D. Banerjee; Greaves, W. H.; Harapson, R. A.; Hewitt, Thoa.; 
Hill, J. E.G.; Holman, Const.; Horwood, W. H.; Jenkins, G. H., c.m.g.; Lawrence, Hon. A. T., k.c; 
Lewis, W. LI.; Maasdorp, A. F. S. ; M'Craith, J. T.; M'Neill, Male, c.b.; Major, A.; Marriott, C. H., m.d.; 
Marzials, F. T., c.b.; Masson, D. P., c.i.e.: Monro, Capt. Dav.; Morris, E. P.; Murphy, S. F., m.d.; Perry, 
Mai. Allan, m.d.; Pilkington, W. H. ; Pink, Thos.; Plummer. Walt.; Power, J. A.; Reynolds, A. J.; 
Ridden, A. 0.; Rogers, Hallewell ; Russell, P. N.; Sawyer, W. P.; Scott, Benj.; Sinclair, Prof. W. J.: 
Stephen, m.a.; Stern, £.; Stevenson, T., m.d.; Swan, J. W., f.r.s.; Tanner, H.; Thomas, Griffith ; Thorne, 
Wm.; Warrington, T. R.; Webb, Aston ; Williams, T. M.; Wise, W. LI. 

Commanders, Companions, &o. 
C.V.O 20; C.B. 47 Mil., 28 Civ.; C.S.I. 16; C.M.G. 35; C.I.E. 24; M.V.O. 49 Ufi CI., 9 bth ; D.S.O.U; 
I.S.O.^ : Total 269. 

Obituary. xiii 


*»* All dates for 1904 
Eelatives of Royalty. 
Austria, Arclidss. Clothilde of.— Dec. 13, 190.3. 
Cambridge, H.R.H. George William, 2nd Duke of, 

K.Q., K.T., K.P., G.C.B., &c. (aged March 17. 
Hanover, H.R.H. Princess Mai-y oX.—June 4. 
Hohenlohe-Langenburg,H.S.H.Leopoldina, Princess 

of.— Dec. 23, 1903. 
Leiningen, H.S.H. Ernest, Prince of, Adm. r.n., 

G.C.3.— April 5. 
Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Frederick William, Grand 

Duke of (aged 8i:).— Map 30. 
Prussia, H.R.H. Prince Henry Victor oi.~Feb. 26. 
Saxe- Weimar, Princess Edward ot— April 3. 
Saxony. H.M. George, King of (aged 72).— Oct. 15. 
Saxony, H.R.H. Princess Johann Georg, Duchess 

Marie Isabelle of Wiirtemberg.— ilfaz/ 24. 


Abinger, 4th Baron.— Dec. 11, 1903. 

Alington, 1st Baron.— Fab. 17. 

Braybrooke, 6th Baron.— Jan. 12. 

Bridport, 1st Viscount, g.c.b. (aged 8d).—June 4; 

Clinton, 20th Baron.— Jfarc/i 29. 

Cork and OiTcry, 9th Earl of, k.f.— June 22. 

De Robeck, 4th Baron (Sweden ; aged m).—Axig. 22. 

Devon, 13th Earl of (aged m).—Jan. 29. 

Donegall, 5th Marquess of (aged m.—May 13. 

Graves, 4th Baron.— J^«». 29. 

Haldon, 2nd Baron.— Dec. 31, 1903. 

Halkett, 3rd Baron (Hanover) .—March 3, 

Harlech, 2nd Baron (aged 85).— June 26. 

Hastings, 20th B&xon.— Sept. 18. 

Heath, 3rd Baron (Italy).— Oot. 29. 

Melville, 5th Viscount.— iVou. 3. 

Moore, 1st Count (Rome). — Jan. 5 

Northorook, 1st Earl of, g.c.s.i., i'.r.s.— iV'oi'. 15. 

Powerscourt, 7th Viscount, k.p., v.c.—June 5. 

Ravensworth, 3rd & last Earl of (4th Baron).— 1^6. 7. 

Sandys, 4th Baron.— 26. 

Shand, 1st and only B&ron.— March 6. 

Sligo, 4th Marquess of.— Dec. 30, 1903. 

Stair, 10th Earl of, k.t. (aged 84).— Dec. 3, 1903. 

Stanley of Alderley, 3rd Baron.— Dec. 10, 1903. 

Strathmore and Kinghorne, 13th Earl of.— Feb. 17. 

Wynford, 5th Baron.— Oc/. 27. 

Peeresses ani) Peiors' Issue. 

Anson, Maj. Hon. Henry James.— 2^c6. 26. 

Arbuthnott, Hon. Mrs. William.— ^w^'. 28 

Armytage, Hon. Mrs. Henry.— iVoy. 20, 1903. 

Ashburton, The Lady.— 18. 

Ashcombe, The Lady.— July 7. 

Ashton, The Lady.— Oc^ 5. 

Basing, The Lady.— J«tne 1. 

Bellew, Dowager Lady.— i¥a/y 11. 

Belmore, Dowager Countess of (aged m.—Jan. 3. 

Blosse (Lynch-), Lady Harriet.—/ ime 29. 

Bourke, Lieut.-Gen. Hon. Jno. Jocelyn, c.b. 

(aged 81).— Sept. 25. 
Brougham, Hon. Wilfrid.— A'oy. 2. 
Browne, Hon. Mrs. Geo. Augustus.— 9. 
Buchanan, Hon. Lady (aged 82.).— March 21. 
Cadogan, Lady Honoria (aged 90).— July 
Carpenter, Adm. Hon. Walter Cecil, son of 18th Earl 

of Shrewsbury.— i¥«2/ 13. 
Dalhousie, Dowager Countess of.— May 1. 
Dalzell. Lord, son of the Earl of Carnwath.— .4«f7. 2. 
Dawnay, Hon. William Fved^.—Sept. 30. 
Denman, Hon. Mrs. Richard.— t7an. 2. 
De Saumarez, Dowager Lady (aged SB),— May 10. 
Devereux, Hon. Mrs. Humphrey.— Dec. 22, 1903. 
De Vismes, Dow. Countess (France) .—Nov . 21, 1903. 
Douglas, Lady M.&xy.— March 29. 
Drummond, Hon. ^Francis Chas. (aged 89). — Oct. 26. 
Duncombe, Hon. Mrs. CQn\.—May 24. 
Dundas, Louisa Montagu.— Jmm« 2. 
Egerton, Hon. Reg. Arthur,— -Sep^ 13. 


unless otherwise stated. 

Esher, Eugenie, Dowager Viscountess.— J^w/ie 1. 
Eustou, Countess of.— Nov. 24, 1903. 
Peilden, Hon. Mrs. William (aged 82.).— July 1. 
EitzGerald (Vesey-), Hon. Letitia.— Oe< 29. 
Pitzwilliam, Hon. Mrs. Reginald.— Jzt^ie 19. 
Forbes, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton (aged 81}.— Sept. 20. 
Forbes, Hon. Mrs. William.— i<^6. 26. 
Fraser, Col. Hon. Henry Th.o&.— Aug. 8. 
Gifford, Hon. Mrs. JoYvn.-March 6. 
Glyn, Hon. Pascoe Chas.— A'ow. 3. 
Hammond, Hon. Katherine Cecilia.— i?'e6. 3. 
Hampton, The Lady.— .4 m^. 19. 
Hanbury (Bateman-), Hon. Walter.— Fefe. 21. 
Harewood, Dowager Countess of.— March 4. 
Harman (King-), Hon. Mrs. Lawrence (aged 87).— 
Jan. 11. 

Hatton (Finch-), Hon. Harold B^.-May 16. 
Hood, Dowager Viscountess.— 18. 
Hope, Lady Mary Prances (aged 9'ii).~May 23. 
Hunloke, Hon. Mrs. Yved^L.—Sept. 19. 
Inchiquin, Dowager Lady (aged 82).— 2^'e6. 13. 
Inglis, Hon. Lady.— i^e6. 3, 

Keppel, Adm. of the Fleet Sir Henry, g.c.b., cm. 

(aged 9i).—Jan. 17. 
Kerry, Countess of (aged 90).— iVo«. 19. 
Knox, Lady Loiiisa Georgiana.— 25. 
Lambart, Hon. Mrs. Oliver (aged 8i).— June 24. 
Larnach, Lady Isabel.— ^jw'i/ 6. 
Leslie ( \v aldegrave-), Hon. George, T.-R.s.^.—July 8. 
Lister, Capt. Hon. Thos., D.s.o.— Jan. 10 (killed in 

M'Neill, Lady Hilda Ma^xA.— Aug. 15. 
Planners, Lady Adeliza.— i^e6. 7. 
Monck, Lt.-Gen. Hon. Richard.— Oc^. 7. 
Monckton, Hon. Horace Manners,.— Jan. 14. 
Nelson, Countess (aged83).— Jlfa^ 8. 
Noel, Hon. Mrs. Benry.— April 30. 
Norbury, Countess of.— March 5. 
Pluuket, Hon. Josephine Alice.— i^eft. 20. 
Queensberry, Dowager Marchioness of (aged 82).— 

Feb. 15. 

Ramsay, Hon. Mrs. Charles Manle.— July 18. 
Rashleigh, Lady Edith.— J^whc 20. 
Reilly, Hon. Mrs. John (aged 82).— Dec. 29, 1903. 
Rosmead, Dowager Lady.— 13. 
Rowley, Hon. Hercules Langfovd.-March 20. 
Sausse, Hon. Lads.— July 21. 
Sidney, Hon. Mary Sophia.— iVow. 25, 1903. 
Simeon, Hon. Lady (aged 81).— Feb. 26. 
Stannixs, Hon. Mrs. Trevor.— 3fareA 14. 
Stuart (Constable-Maxwell-), Hon. Mrs. Henry.— 
Sept. 11. 

Talbot, Rev. The Hon. Edwd. P. A. (aged 86).- 
March 16. 

Trefusis, Hon. Emily Harriet.— iVoi;. 13. 
Tweedmouth, Th ^La6.y.— Aug. 5. 
Vanneck, Hon. Gerard.— -4«fif. 11. 
Vereker, Hon. Henry Prendergast.— JfarcA 22. 
Wellington, Elizabeth. Duchess of (aged83) .— ^«6f.l3. 
Winchilsea and Nottingham, Elizabeth, Countess 
of.— Feb. 2. 

Winterton, Dowager Countess (aged 93).— Jw«e25. 
Yorke, Hon. Mrs. Henry, last representative of the 
Brandon Barony (aged 8h).—Nov. 25, 1903. 


Baldwin, Rt. Rev. Maurice S., 3rd Bp. of Huron.— 
Oct. 19. 

Bardsley, Rt. Rev. John Wareing, .59th Bp. of 

Carlisle.— S'e^j^. 14. 
Churton, Rt. Rev. Hy.'N., 5th Bp. of Nassau.— /a«. 20. 
Hayes, Rt. Rev. Jas. T., 2nd Bp. of Trinidad.— J^a». 26. 
Hobhouse, Rt. Rev. Edmund, formerly Bp. of 

Nelson, N.Z. (aged &7).— April 20. 
Holmes, Rt. Rev. Jno. Garraway, 3rd Bp. of St. 

Helena.— -Scjo^. 26. 
Machray, Most Rev. Robert, Archbp. of Rupert's 

Land.— JlfarcA 9. 



Perowne, Rt. Rev. Jno. J. Stewart, late 103rd Bp. of 
' Worsoster (aged %l).—Nov. 6. 
Ridding, Rt. Rev. George, 1st Bp. of Southwell. 
—Att.g. 30. 

; Sandford, Rt. Rev. Chas. Waldegrave, 4tli Bp. of 
; Gibraltar.— i)('e. 8, 1903. 
Whitley, Rt. Rev. Jabez Cornelius, 1st Bp. of 
I Chhota Nagpur.— Oaf. IS. 

I Privy Councillors. 

Braddon, Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. N. Coventry, k.c.m.g. 
I —Feb. 2.. 

Harcourt (Vernon-), Rt. Hon. Sir Wm., Kt. Bach., 

K.c, u.v.—Oct. 1. 
Loftus, Rt. Hon. Lord Augustus W.F. S., g.c.b. (aged 

Bl).— Mar Chi. 
Lowther, Rt. Hon. James, M.v.—Sept. 12. 
MacDermot, Rt. Hon. The, k.c— Feb. 6. 
I MacDonell, Rt. Hon. Sir Hugh Guion, g.c.m.g., c.b. 

—Jan. 25. 

< Thynne, Rt. Hon. Lord Henvy 'FveA'k.—Jan. 28. 
i Willianas (Powell-), Rt. Hon. Joseph, ^.v.—Feb. 7. 

\ Baronetage. 

j Barlow, Sir Richd. Wellesley, 4th Bt. of Fort 

William.— jImc. lO. 
I Bramwell, Sir Fredk. Joseph, 1st and only Bt. 'aged 
I 85).— iVow. 10, 1903. 
Brocklehui-st, Sir Phil. Lancaster, 1st Bt.—Jfay 10. 
Burrows, Sir Fredc. Ahernethy, 2nd Bt.—Mov. 9. 
Burton, Lady, widow of last Bt. of Pollacton.— 
March 15, 

Butler, Lady, wife of 10th Bt.—Auff. 5. 

Campbell, Margaret, Lady, widow of 1th Bt. of 

Snccoth.— March 3. 
Cholmeley, Sir Hugh A. Hy., 3rd Bt.~Feb. 11. 
Cochrane, Sir Henry, 1st Bt.— Sept. 11. 
Codrington, Sir Wm. M. J„ 5th Bt. of Dodington.— 

March 1. 

Cooper (Paston-), Sir Astley P., 3rd Bt. (aged 80).— 
Oct. 19. 

Cox, Lady, widoAv of 12th and last recognised Bt. 

(aged mj.—JVov. 2. 
Croft, Sir Jno. Fredk., 2nd Bt. of Dodington.— 

Mai/ 2i. 

Davis, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt.— Sept. 14. 

De la Rue, wife of present Bt.— Oo^. 11. 

De Vera, Sir Steph. Edwd., 1st and only Bt. (aged 

92).— iVov. 10. 
Dilke, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir C. W. Dilke, Bt. 
—Oct. 23. 

Domville, Rear-Adm. Sir Wm. C. H., 4th Bt., c.b.— 
April 22. 

D'Oyly, Lady, Avife of present Bt.— March 11. 
Dunbar, Sir Uthred J. Hay, 8th Bt. of Mochrum.— 
Sept. i. 

Dundas, Sir Sidney Jas., 3rd Bt. of Beechwood.— 
Sept. 24. 

Elliot, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt.— April 7. 

Elliot, Sir George, 3rd Bt.— Oct. 14. 

Forster, Sir Robt., 1th and last Bt. of Coolderry.— 

Jan. 22. (Wife died 1903.) 
Glyn, Lady, widow of 4th Bt.—A^ov. 29, 1903. 
Goring, Lady, wife of 11th Bt.— Aug. 25. 
Gresley, Dowager Lady, widow of 9th Bt. (aged 93). 

— I'-eh. 12. 

Halkett, Sir Peter A., 8th and last Bt.— March 8. 
Hoare, Sir Jos. W. O'Bryen, 5th Bt. of Annabella.— 
April 30. 

Hood (FuUer-Acland-), Dow. Lady.— Z>ge. 2, 1903. 
Hunt, Sir Fredk. Seager, 1st and only Bt.— Jan. 21. 
Lechmere, Dow. I^ady, widow of 3rd Bt.— Aug. 15. 
Lockhart (Sinclair-), Maj.-Gen. Sir Graeme Alex., 

10th Bt., C.B. (aged 8i).— March 21. (His widow 

died June 17.) 
Malet, Sir Henry C. Eden, 3rd Bt.- Jaw. 12. 
Maple, Sir Jno. Blundell, 1st and only Bt., m.p.— 

No v. 24, 1903. 

Marriott (Smith-), Lady, wife of present Bt.— March 

Meredyth, Sir Edwd. H. J., 10th Bt, of Greenhills.— 
Oct. 8. 

Moon, Rev. Sir Edwd. Graham, 2nd Bt. of Portman 

Square.— i^efc. il. 
Mun-ay, Sir Wm. R., 12th Bt. of Duneme.— 21, 

Musgrave, Sir James, 1st and only Bt. of Drurajlass. 
—Feb. 22. 

Outram, Lady, wife of 2nd Bt.—Dee 13, 1903. 
Pechell (Brooke-), Sir Saml. Geo., 6th Bt.— i''e6. 9. 
Price, Lady, widow of 4th Bt. (aged 81).— March 21. 
Ramsay, Lady, wife of 10th Bt. of Bamff — Nov. 10. 
Ripley, Sir Edwd., 2nd Bt. of Rawdon.— -Vo». 21, 1903. 
Robinson, Emily, Lady, widow of 4th Bt. of Batfs 

Honse.—Jmw 27. 
Salt, Sir Thos., 1st Bt. of Weeping Crossi.— April 8. 
Salt, Dow. Lady, widow of 2nd Bt. of Saltaire.— 

July 1. 

Steel, Sir James, 1st and only Bt.— Sept. 4. 

Stewart (Shaw-), Sir Mich. R., 7th Bt.-Dee. 10, 1903. 

Style, Sir William H. Marsham, 9th Bt.— Jan. 81. 

Thompson, Sir Henry, 1st Bt. of Wimpole St. (aged 
8^).— April 18.— Lady Thompson, Atig. 30. 

Thompson, Sir Thos. Raikes, 3rd Bt. of Herts- 
bourne.— -S'f/)/. 4. 

Trelawny (Salusbury-), Dowager Lady. ^iVow. 13. 

Usher, Sir John, 1st Bt.— March 24. I 

Watson, Lady, wife of 2nd Bt. of Henrietta Street. I 
—June 24. } 

Watson, Sir Wagei- Jos., 4th and last Bt. of Fulmer. 
—Sept. 30. I 

Williams, Sir Wm. Grenville, 4th Bt. of Bodel- | 
VfyM&n.— Aug. 28. j 


A Beckett, Sir Albert, Kt. Baoh, (just created).— 
Sept. 11. 

Ackroyd, Sir Edwd, Jas., Kt. B&ch..— Feb. 6. 
Adam, Lady, widow of Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir Fredk. 

Adam, g.c.b. (aged m).—May2Q. 
Agnew, Sir Wm. Fischer, Kt. Bach.— Dec. 26. 1903. 
Allan, Sir William, Kt. Bach., M.v.—Dec. 28, 1903, 
Arnold, Sir Edwin, K.c. i.e., c.s.i.— March 24. 
Bamra, Raja of, k.c.i.e.— A''oi\ 18, 1903. 
Banks, Sir Wm. Mitchell, Kt. Bach., v.-R.c.s.—Aug. 9. 
Barry, Lady, wife of Sir Jacob D. B&rry.— March 7. 
Bateman, Sir Frederic, Kt. Bach., f.r.c.p. (aged 80). I 

—Aug. 10. 

Bennett, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. R. Bennett, e.r.s. 

(aged SI).— Sept. 2. 
Berry, Hon. Sir Graham, k.c.m.g. (aged 81).— Jan. 24. 
Besant, Lady, widow of Sir Walter Bes&nt.— Oct. 7. 
Biddulph, Gen. Sir Mich. A. Shrapnell, g.c.b. (aged j 

80).— July 23. ! 
Brady, Sir Thos. F., Kt. Bach, (aged 8l).-Sept. 21. i 
Buchanan (Carrick-). Sir David C. R., K.c.n.— Feb. 8. 
BuUard, Sir Harry, Kt. Bach., M.¥.-Dec. 26, 1903. I 
Burton, Gen. Sir Fowler, k.c.b. (aged SI).— April 2. 
Byrne, Hon. Sir Edmund AV., Kt.^April 4. 
Campbell, Lady, widow of Hon. Sir Alex. Campbell, 

K.C.M.G., K.c— Jan. 5, 
Cass, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Cuss.— June 26. 
Charley, Sir Wm. Thos., Kt. Bach., K.c— July 8. 
Crosland, Sir Joseph, Kt. Bach.— Aug. 27. i 
Dawes, Sir Edwyn Sandys, k.c.m.g.— Dec. 21, 1903. j 
De Lotbini^re (Joly-), Lady.— ^((f;. 15. 
Devereux, Sir Joseph, Kt. Bach, (aged 87).-Dfc'C. 10, 

1903. i 
Dibbs, Hon. Sir Geo. Richd., K.cii.G.—Avg. 4. 
Dobson, Lady, widow of Sir Benj. Dobson.— i 

March 7. 

Donnet, Lady, wife of Sir Jas. J. L. Donnet, k.c.b. 

—Dec. 3, 1903. 
Downes, Lady, wife of Sir Jos. Downes.— June 8. 
Edwardes, Lady, widow of Sir Herb. B. Edwardes, 

K.C.B.— Aug. 28. 
EUes, Lady, wife of Maj.-Gen. Sir Edwd. EUes.— i 

Oct. 28. 

Ewart, Gen. Sir Jno. A., k.c.b. (aged 83).— Jtoie 18, 
Feilding, Gen. Hon. Sir Percy R. B., k.cb.— Jan. 9. | 
Foster, Sir Clement Neve, Kt. Ba,ch.,r.JL.s.—Aprill8. 
Frost, Sir Thos. Gibbons, Kt. Bach, (aged 84).— 
April 6. 

Gardiner, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Hy. Lynedoch 

Gardiner, K.e.v.b., c.b.— Oc^. 31. 
Gra»t, Lt.-Gen. Sir Robt., g.cs.— Jan. 8. 
Hackett, Hon. Sir Jno. Winthorpe, Kt. Bach.— 1904. 
Harris, Sir James Chas., K.c.y.o.— A"or. 7. 
Hay (Drummond-), Lady, wife of Sir Fras. D.-Hay. 


Henderson, Sir William, Kt, Bach,— 9, 



Hill, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. Hill (aged &)).-^May 8. 
nod^son, Sir Edwd. M., Kt. Bach, (aged 2&).—Jan. 10. 
HowletJt, Gen. Sir Arthur, k.c.b. (aged Sf>).—July 81. 
Huffhes, Col. Sir Edwin, Kt. Bfich.-Sept. 15. 
Hughes, Maj.-Gen. Sir Rotat. Jno., k.c.b. (aged 82).— 
Apr^l 19. 

Kynsey, Sir Wm. E., Kt. Bach., cm.g.— Jan. 11. 
Leake, Lady, widow of Sir Luke S. Leake.— jF'eft. 29. 
Lister, Lady, widow of Sir Thos. V. Lister, k.c.m.g.— 
Aug. 6. 

Login, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. S. Login (aged 83).— 
April 17. 

Low, Gen. Sir Alexander, k.c.b. (just promoted, aged 

Ludlow, Sir Henry, Kt. Bach.— iV^cw. 18, 1903. 
M'Culloch, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. M'CuUoch, 

K.C.U.G.— April 4. 
Macfarlane, Sir Donald H., Kt. B&ch.—June 2. 
M'Intyre, Hon. Sir John, Kt. Bach.— JctJi. 17 
Mackenzie, Lady, wife of Sir Geo. S. Mackenzie, 

K.C.M.G.— Ifay 11. 
M'Neill, Maj.-Gen. Sir J. Carstairs, g.c.v.o., k.c.b., 

K.C.M.G., Y^.—May 25. 
Mason, Sir George Chas., Kt. BsLGh.—July 13. 
Molyneux (Mcji'e-), Adm. Sir Root. Henry, g.c.b.— 

Feb. 29. 

Moore, Sir Jno. Voce, Kt. Bach.— Feb. 11. 
Morice, Capt. Sir George, r.n., k.c.m.g.— jFe6. 7. 
Morland, Lady, widow of Capt. Sir Henry Morland. 
—May 22. 

JIurray, Sir Herbert Harley. k.c.^.— March 11. 
Nairne, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Chas. E, Nairne, 

K.C.B.— March 3. 
Norman, Pd.-Marsh. Sir Henry W., g.c.b.— Oct. 26. 
O'Dowd, Sir Jas. Cornelius, Kt. Bach., c.b. — 

Dec. 16, 1903. 
Palgrave, Sir Reginald F. Douce, k.c.b.— July 13. 
Palmer, Gen, Sir Arthur P., a.c.B.r-Feb. 28. 
Phayre, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Robt. Phayre, g.c.b. 

(aged 83) .—Jf ay 12. 
Pritchard, Sir Chas. Bradley, k.c.t.i:.—Kov. 23, 1903. 
Pullar, Lady, wife of Sir Robt. Pullar.— f e6. 3. 
Rattigan, Sir Wm. Henry, Kt. Bach., u.-p.^Jvly 4. 
Reid, Lady, wife of Sir R. Thresher Reid, g.c.m.g., 

K.c— Aug. 23. 
Robinson, Sir Jno. Richd., Kt. Bach.— iVov. 30, 1903. 
Ross, Sir David Palmer, Kt. Bach., c.u.g.— May SO. 
Russell, Gen. Sir Edwd. Lechmere, k.c.s.i. (aged 84). 

—Jan. 20. 
Scott, Sir John, k.c.m.g.— il/«rcA 1. 
See, Lady, wife of Hon. Sir Jno. See, k.c.m.g.— 

March 15. 

Sendall. Sir Walter Jos., g.c.u.g.— March 16. 
Shute, Gen. Sir Chas. C, k.c.b. (aged m.— April 30. 
Sieveking, Sir Edward, r.R.c.p., Kt.Bach. (aged 87). 
—Feb. 24. 

Simon, Sir John, k.c.b., f.r.s. (aged 87) .—Jvly 23. 
Smith, Lady, widow of Lt.-Gen. Sir Chas* Felix 

Smith, K.C.B.— Jan. 4. 
Smyly, Sir Philip Crampton, Kt. Bach., m.d., 

K.c. &.\.— April 8. 
Sotheby, Lady, widow of Adm. Sir Edwd. S. Sotheby, 

K.c.B.~Jan. 16. 
Sowler, Lady, widow of Sir Thos. Sowler, Kt. Bach. 

—Nov. 18. 

Spurgin, Lt:-Gen. Sir Jno. Blick, k.c.b., c.s.i. (aged 

m-~Nov. 27, 1903. 
Stanley, Sir Henry Morton, g.c.b.— 3fay 12. 
Staples, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Staples, k.c.m.g.— 

Nov. 4. 

Steere, Hon. Sir Jas. Lee, k.c.m.g.— .Vof. 30, 1903. 
Stephen, Sir Leslie, k.c.b.— i-'eft. 22. 
Stephenson, Sir Aug. F. W. K., k.c.b., k.c— Sept. 26. 
Stephenson, Sir Henry, Kt. Bach.- .4 m^. 24. 
Surtees, Lady, widow of Sir Stevenson V. Surtees 

(aged SS)).—Jan. 13. 
Symons, Lady, widow of Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm. Penn 

Symons, k.c.b.— ;lfarcA 16. 
Thomson, Col. Sir George, k.c.b.— Dee. 22, 1903. 
Tomes, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Tomes, Y.B.s.—Oct. 


Trutch, Sir Jos. William, k.c.m.g.— March 2. 
Tulloch, Lady, wife of Maj.-Gen. Sir A. B. TuUooh, 

K.C.B.— Jan. 18. 
Udny, Lady, wife of Sir Richd. Udny, k.c.s.i.— 

April 10. 

Vance, Lad.y, widow of Sir Horatio P. Vance.— 
March 4. 

Walter, Capt. Sir Edward, k.c.b. (aged S(}).-~Feb. 26. 
Wood, Sir H. Hastings Affleck, k.c.b.— Aug. 5. 
Woods, Sir Albert Wm., g.c.v.o., k.c.b., k.c.m.g. 

(aged 87).— Jan. 7. 
Wright, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. Wright, c.b.— Jvly 

18 (husband d. 1899, a supposed bachelor). 
Wright, Hon. Sir Robt. S&ml.— Aug. 13. 
Wyatt, Sir Richd. Henry, Kt. Bach.— Oct. 5. 
Youl, Sir Jas. Arndell, k.c.m.g. (aged 9fi).—Jme 5. 

Knights' Companions. 

! Abadie, Capt. Geo. H. Fanshawe, c.m.g.— Feb. 11. 
! Anderson, Alexander, c.i.k.— 1004. 

Arthur, Capt. Leonard R. S., c.m.g.— Dec. 13, 1903. 
j Bayly, Capt. Edward Henry, e.n., c.b.— Aug. 2. 
! Beath, Lt.-Col. Jno. Hem-y, c.b., a.tii. s.—Sepf. 3. 
j Bretherton, Maj.-Gen. Howard, d.s.o.— July 25. 
1 Browmrigg, Col. Henry J. Brodrick, c.b.— Oct. 24. 
I Campbell, Surg.-Maj. John, c.b., m.d. (aged 84).— 
Aug. 26. 

Cayley, Dep. Surg.-Gen. Henry, c.u.g.— March 19. 
Clarke, Col. Robt. Fulke Noel, c.b.— Oc-?. 13. 
Conlan, Thomas, c.i.Y.—Sept. 11. 
Corbett, Col. Robt. de la Cour, d.s.o.— March 24. 
Cox., Maj.-Gen. Chas. Vyvyau, c.b. (aged 84).— 

Dec. 3, 1903. 
Crowe, Oapt. Fritz H. Eden, c.b.— Aug. 12. 
Darrell, Richd. Darrell, c.m.g. —April 11. 
De Trafford, Sec. Lieut. Aug. F., v.a.o.— June 1. 
Digby, William, c.^.i:.— Sept. 24. 
Douglas, Hon. John, c.TH.G.—July 22. 
Dunn, Jno. Messenger, J.s.o.— March 25. 
Elriiagton, Gen. Freak. R., c.b. (aged 84).— jF'eft. 19. 
Eyre, Col. Henry, c.b.— J" une 24. 
Gleadowe, Geo. E. Yorke, c.m.g.— Dec. 4, 1903. 
Goldsmid, Col. Albert E. W., u.\.o.— March 27. 
Hamilton, Capt. Cyril, D.H.o.—June 29. 
Heath, Rear-Adin. Wm. Andrew Jas., c.b. (aged aS). 

—Dec. 21, 1903. 
Impey, Col. Eugene Clutterbu^ck, ci.e.— 11. 
Ireland, Robt. Alexander, i.s.o.— Fe6. 10. 
Jameson, Surg.-Gen. James, c.b.— Sept. 13. 
Keatinge, Gen. Richd. Harte, c.s.r., Y(S.—May 25. 
King, Thomas, c.b.— Dec. 15, 1903. 
Kynuersley, Chas. W. Snes'd, c.Tsi.G.—July 11. 
Luscombe, Capt. Fredk. St. L., k.n., c.b.— Feb. 11. 
M'Donnell, Col. Francis, c.b.— March 8. 
Macleod, Insp.-Gen. William, c.b. (aged 81). —Feb. 17. 
MacNeill, Maj.-Gen. Jas. G. R. Douglas, c.b.— Jan. 10. 
Martiudale, Col. Ben Hay, c.b.— May 26. 

May, Rear-Adm. Henry Jno., c.b.— Airril 24. 
j May, Lt.-Gen. James, c.b.— Dec. 5, 1903. 
! Molyneux (More-), Maj.-Gen. Geo. Hand, c.b., d.s.o. 

—Nov. 21, 1903. 
I Nicolas, Nicholas Harris, c.b.— Aug. 1. 
j Nicolson, Lt.-Gen. Malcolm Hassels, c.b.— Aug. 7. 
! Nimmo, Maj.-Gen. Thos. Rose, c.b.— March 7. 
I Rawes, Gerard Jones, i.s.o.— Feb. 2. 
I Reeves, Col. Jolm, c.b.— July 14. 
Reunie. Capt. James, c.b. (SLged 89). —Nov. 30, 1903. 
Roberts, Col. Edward, c.b.— Aug. 26. 
Rolland, Vice-Adm. Wm. R., c.b. (aged 87)— Aug. 28. 
Russell, Thomas, c.m.g.— Sept. 2. 
I Rutherford, George, c.m.g. (aged 86).— .Vo?;. 
I Shaw, Maj.-Gen. Hugh, c.b., JW..—Aug. 25. 
Smyth, Col. Jno. H. Graham, c.m.g.— iV^of. 2. 
Steer, Capt. T. Biiice, v.s.o.— Sept. 21. 
Taylor, Edwd. B. Anderson, c.u.g.— April 7. 
Taylor (Du-Plat-), Col. Jno. L., c.b.— March 5. 
Tritton, Jno. Wilfrid, c.u.G.-May 26. 
Vansittart, Vice-Adm. Edwd. Westby,c.B. (aged 86). 
—Oct. 19. 

Vermont, John Montague Bent, c.h.g.— May 10. 
Walker, Hon. William Campbell, c.ta.g.— Jan. 5. 
Ward, Capt.^Hon. Reginald, d.s.o.— March 7. 
Watts.sGeorge Fredk., cm., r.a. retired (aged 86).— 
July 1. 

Webber, Maj.-Gen. Chas. Edmund, c.b.- Sept. 23. 
Wood, Col. Cyril, c.b.— Sept. 2. 



A.A.G., Assistant Adjutant-General. 
AD.C, Aide-de-camp. 
A.G., Adjutant-General. 

A.I.C.E., A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. (Memb.) Inst. Civ. Engrs. 

A.M.S., Army Medical Staff. 

A.Q,M.G., Assistant Quarterraaster-Generel. 

A. S.C., AiTny Service Corps. 

B. C.L., Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.C.S., Bengal Civil Service. 
B.D., Bachelor of Divinity. 
Bn., Baron. 

Bomb. S.C., Bombay Staff Corps. 
Bp., Bishop. 

B. S.C., Bengal Staff Corps. 

C. B., Companion of the Bath. 
C.C., County Council. 

C.E., Civil Engineer. 

Chmn., Chairman. 

C.I., Crown of India (Order ot). 

C.I.E., Companion of Indian Empire. 

C.I.V., City Imperial Volunteers. 

C.M.G., Companion of St. Michael and St. George. 

C.M.S., Church Missionary Society. 

Cmttee., Committee. 

Com., Commander. 

Commissr. , Commissioner. 

Oommssn., Commission. 

Comsry., Commissary. 

Cons., Consul or Consulting. 

C.S., Civil Service. 

C.S.I. , Companion of the Star of India. 

C. V.O., Commander of Royal Victorian Order. 

D. , Duke. 

D.A.G., Deputy Adjutant-General. 

D.C.L., Doctor of Civil Law. 

Dep., Deputy, Dept., Department. 

Dir., Director. 

D.L., Deputy Lieutenant. 

D. Litt., Doctor of Literature. 

D.Sc, Doctor of Science. 

D. S.O., Distinguished Service Order. 

E. , Earl. 

Engr., Engineer. 

F. C.S., Fellow of the Chemical Society. 
F.G.S., Fellow of the Geological Society. 
F.K.Q.C.P., Pell, of King and Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

E. L.S., Fellow of the Linuean Society. 

F. R.A.S., Fellow of the Royal Astronora. Society. 
F.R.C.I., Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. 
F.R.C.S , Fellow of the Royal CoUege of Surgeons. 
F.R.C.S.E., dittoof Edinburgh; F.R.C.S.L, of Ireland. 
F.R.C.V.S^ Fellow of Roy. Coll. of Vet. Surgeons. 
F.R.G.S., Fellow of the Royal Geograph. Society. 
F.R.H.S., Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 
F.R.I.B.A., Fellow of the Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects 
F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society. 

F.R.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 
F.R.S.L., Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. 
F.R.S.S^ Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
F.S.A., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F. Z.S., Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B., Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 
G.C.H., Knight Grand Cross of Hanover. 
G.C.I.E., Knight Gd. Commander Indian Empire. 
G.C.M.G., Kt. Gd. Cross St. Michael and St. George. 
G.C.S.I., Knight Grand Commander Star of India. 
G.C.V.O., Knight Gd. Cross Royal Victorian Order. 
G.M.B., Great Master of the Bath. 

G. M.P., Grand Master of St. Patrick similarly 
G.M.I.E^ G.M.M.G., and G.M.S.I. 

H. E., His Excellency. 

H.E.I.C.S., Hon. East India Company's Service. 
H.G.D.H., His [Her] Grand Ducal Highness. 
H.H., His [Her] Highness. 
H.I.H., His [Her] Imperial Highness. 
H.I.M., His [Her] Imperial Majesty. 

H. S.H., His [Her] Serene Highftw*. 

I. A., Indian Army. 
I.C.S.. Indian Civil Service. 
I.M.8., Indian Medical Service. 

I.S.C., Indian Staff Corps (now Ind. Army). 

I. S.O., Imperial Service Order. 

I.W.. Isle of Wight. 

K.C., King's Counsel. 

K.C.B., Knight Commander of the Bath. 

K.C.H„ Knight Commander of Hanover. 

K.C.I.E., Knight Commander of Indian Empire. 

K.C.M.Q., ditto of St. Michael and St. George. 

K.C.S.I., Knight Commander of the Star of India. 

K.C.V.O., ditto of Royal Victorian Order. 

K.G., Knight of the Garter. 

K.H., Knight of Hanover (not a "Sir"). 

K.P., Knight of St. Patrick. 

K.T., Knight of the Thistle. 

Kt. Bach., Knight Bachelor. 

L.C.C., London County Council. 

L.L, Light Infantry. 

L.K.Q.C.P., Licentiate, &c. (see M.K.Q.C.P.). 
LL.B., Bachelor of Laws ; LL.D., Doctor of do. 
LL.M., Master of Laws. 

L.R.O.P., Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. 
L.S.A., Licentiate of Society of Apothecaries. 
L.S.B., London School Board. 
M., Marquess. 

M.B., Bachelor of Medicine ; M.D., Doctor of do. 

M.E.Cy^ Member of Executive Council. 

M.I.C.E., Member of Inst, of Civil Engineers. 

M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., do. Electr. and Mechan. Engrs. 

M.K.Q.C.P., Memb. of King & Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

M.L.A., Member of Legislative Assembly. 

M.L.C., ditto Council. 

M.R.A.S., Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.P., Member of Royal College of Physicians. 

M.R.C.S., Member of Royal College of Surgeons. 

M.R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 

M.R.I.A., Member of Royal Irish Academy. 

M.S.C., Madras Staff Corps. 

Mus.D. [B.], Doctor [Bachelor] of Music. 

M.V.O., Member of Royal Victorian Order. 

N.I., Native Infantry. 

N.S., Nova Scotia. 

N.S. W., New South Wales. 

N.W.P.[T.], North West Provinces [Territory]. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 

O.M., Order of Merit. 

P. (inP.R.S. &o.), President— see F.R.S.,R.A., &c. 

P.C., Privy Councillor. 

Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy. 

Q.C., Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M.G., Quartermaster-General. 

Q.S., Quarter Sessions. 

R. A., Royal Artillery or Royal Academy. 

R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music. 

R.A.M.C., Roy. Army Medical Corps. 

R.E., Royal Engineers. 

R.H. A., Roy. Horse Artill. or Roy. Hibern. Acad. 

R.I.A., Royal Irish Academy. 

R.M.A., Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I., Royal Marine Lt. Infantry. 

R.N., Royal Navy ; R.N.R., do. Reserve. 

R.R.C., Royal Red Cross. 

R.S.A., Royal Scottish Academician. 

R.S.O., Railway Sub-office. 

S.P.G., Society for Propagation of the Gospel. 

Supt., Superintendent. 

T.R.H., Their Royal Highnesses. 

v., Viscount. 

V.A , Victoria and Albert (Order of). 

Uffi, Victoria Cross. 

V.D., Volunteer Officers' Decoration. 

W.S., Writer to the Signet. 

Y.M.C.A., Young Men's Christian Association. 

bom; cons., consecrated ; cr., created; d., died; 


Also — aftds., afterwards ; appd., appointed ; b. 
el., elected ; mar. or mrrd., married ; ord., ordained (deacon) ; pres., presumptive or present ; 
previously; q.v. {quod vide), "which see" (a common form of reference) ; rem., removed ; res., re 
ret., retired ; sue, succeeded ; with many more which need not be cited. The common French word 
n^e (bom) is used to denote the maiden name of a married lady ; the masculine ne is occasionally 
employed of a gentleman who has since adopted some other sumame. De jure, " by right." 




The Kingdom, its Rulers, and Titles.— An English Sovereign is now Sovereign of 
the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not been so always, in the case 
of Scotland the sovereignty not being amalgamated till 1603 and the countries with 
their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in that of Ireland the country was first 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. Eor three centuries from the Plantagenet times the Englisti Kings were styled 
"Lords of Ireland;" Henry the Eighth was the first to substitute the title of King; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801. 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the first and third 
succeeded him as George and William the Fourth. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, our late Queen, 
who, by the law of succession, took precedence of the fifth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth by Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther ; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his own Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Third Edward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded her late Majesty from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at the fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia. — The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spui-s. Of the crowns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, the Heraldic, Qaeen Victoria's, 
and King Edward's. The last of these, however, is really identical with the second, so 
that, to avoid confusion between "King Edward " and '• Saint Edward," we shall in the 
further portions of this Introduction designate the form of crown worn by our present 
Sovereign by the older term " Heraldic," and for the same reason we shall apply the 
word "Imperial "to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King Edward's 
Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting "arches" rising sharply from 
their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward's Crown has 
these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rise almost perpendicularly 
to the bend, at which they are nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
the miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by her late Majesty. The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward's 
Crown, which was so called from a supposed resemblance (though a very remote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 
and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upper 
rim of its principal circle entirely even, whilst that of the Victoria and King Edward's 


2 Introduction. I 

Crowns is wrought into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rim four* I 
crosses-pattee alternating with four fieurs-de-liB — the former ornaments denoting the \ 
Sovereign's religious headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion, i 
The crown in each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every x:)art with a blaze of j 
jewels. The four crosses-pattee are frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe \ 
incorrectly, their limbs not being cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind I 
the crosses, and above their intersecting point over the croAvn of the head is a miniature of ! 
the "orb" to be presently described— both arches and ball being completely overlaid j 
with jewellery. The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds \ 
(bx'illiant, rose, or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including j 
one stated to have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was sib. s^roz. troy, and we j 
read that a crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something over ylta., whilst j 
even that of George the Fourth weighed ^hVb. j 
Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the j 
French monde, so that the idea of a 7i'orW-wide domination is implied equally by either j 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe | 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up' the entii-e device to a 1 
height of II inches. The globular portion is of gold, and is engirt xAth a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres— the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal_ Sceptre, 
2f ft. in length, borne in the King's right hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb 
pretended to contain wood from the true Cross), over 4jft. in length, carried before the 
King in the coronation procession ; and the Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, sh 
in length, placed in the King's left hand : these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished 
by a "mound," fi-om v/hich the dove, wh~en there is one, appears to spring. The Queen { 
Consort has also her Sceptre v/ith the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of i 
these being known also as the Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it | 
is girded on to the Sovereign at his coronation, and this was done even in the case of 
Queen Anne, but Victoria, who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by j 
having it placed in her hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign j 
j at this ceremony, but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword | 
i of Mercy (called, like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, "Curtana"), an j 
[ unpointed weapon ; the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather | 
! obtusely ; and the Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp- pointed. Finally j 
I come the Spurs, called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), wiiich 
I are without rowels, but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. 
1 The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was not among tliose figuring in 
j the late ceremony. The Bracelets have been wholly discontinued, but their Latin 
j name " Armiiies " has been confused with the " Armil " or Stole, which is called 
! " Armillu," in the Gazette account of the late coronation. Other royal insignia or ac- 
{ cessories of that ceremony may be thus described : 

I The Coronalinn Chair or Si. Edward's Chair (diistinct from botli the Recognition Chair and the 
\ Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to have been made in the reign of Edward the I'irst, who had 
brought from Scothtnd the sacred Inauguration Stone, and had it eiiibedded beneath the seat of this 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartz but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in Inches 26 x 16} x loi ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
(where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, whom he sent to Ireland with an army', 
and before even this it was said to have como from Egypt-in fact, it was the identical stone used by 
Jacob for a pillow 1 Another story represents it to have been hauled tip out of the sea, in the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailors of Simon Brek himself . Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
knocked all this nonsense on the head, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been 
almost certainly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The AmffztUa, called also the Golden Eacih', is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its wings 
outspread, its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw olY for recention of the oil. some 6oz., 
which is poured out tlu-ough the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Virgin to St. Thomas a Becket, who gave it in charge to a monk of Poictiers, who again secreted it-^with 
other similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a church at that place, whence they came 
into the hands of the Black Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Anointing Oil is now pure olive ; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or 
cream. It is consecrated previoits to the ceremony. In an account of Queen Anne's coronation we read 
that the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine haen or fine 
Lombart wool." 

The Anointing Spoon is of pure gold with four pearls in the broadest part of the handle and finely 
chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appeal- to bo very ancient. Its length is about 10 ins., 
the bowl 2\ ins. 

The Colobitm Sindonis Ls a sleeveless garment of fme white linen, worn by Kings only. This ia the 
first of the garments to be put on after the anointing, and it corresponds to the alb of a liricst. The 
Superttmica, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of rich cloth of gold with purple 

Relatives of the Sovereign. 


embroidered tissue. A "girdle" used ih the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, Armil, or 
Armilla. Lastly the Dalmatic Bobe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 
loosely over the shoitlders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles. 

The Ruby Bing, which has been styled by some " the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
the back a large violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 26 diamonds : it is jointed 
likea bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to this ornament also. King 
Edward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " fayre old man," to whom, 
having nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
to lose their way in the Holy Land, where " there came to them a fayre ancient man, wy th whyte heer for 
age." Having learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and . . . brought 
theym in the ry^hte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was, and sayd, ' I am Johan the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng.that I gretehim well 
by the token that he gaff to me thys rynge with his ovm. haudes, whych rynge ye shalle delyver to hym 
agayne ; ' and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym soA.en\j."—Goldene 
Legenae, p. 187. 

The King's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into Westminster Hall and 
challenging any gaiusayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir V/. Dugdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Marmion, in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the extinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Dymoke, by one of whose 
descendants, Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the last Coronation, when the decision of the 
Court of Claims against the application must be regarded as the extinction of the office itself. 

Accession of a New Soveeeign.— From the time of Henry the Eighth it haa been 
a recognised constitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
heir becomes his already constituted successor. A meeting of the Privy Council is 
the first procedure, and Parliament is also summoned, the Commons being no longer 
subject to immediate dissolution as was the case previous to the Reform Act of 1867. 
The Councillors, Lords, and Commons are all re-sworn, and public proclamation is 
made of the accession of the new Sovereign, followed by notices of his having taken the 
oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, of his own choice of title, and 
of the continuance in their posts of persons in civil or militar.y employment. A state 
procession on the next day, from St. James's Palace to the City, makes further an- 
nouncement of the change of ruler. For further details, with a full account of the 
Coronation itself , we must refer to our issues of 1903 and 1904. The Coronation Oath, 
it may be well to state, consists in a sworn affirmative resi)onse to each of the following 
questions : 

Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the people of this United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament agreed 
on, and the respective laws and customs of the same ?— Will you to your power cause law and justice, in 
mercy, to be executed in all your judgments ?— Will you to the ixtmost of your power maintain the Laws 
of God, the true profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Eeform.ed Religion established by law? j 
And will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, { 
worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England P And will you preserve 1 
unto the bishops and clergy of England, and to the Chiu-ch therein committed to their charge, all such 
rights and privileges as by law do or shall appertain to them, or any of them ? 


The Queen-Consort. — When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a vai-iety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The ecclesiastic charged with' the office of crowning her is the Archbishop 
of York. The Queen-Consort's Crown, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 

the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Dowager. — This royal lady, pi whom the last example was Queen 
Adelaide, widow of William the Fourth, remains in most respects in the same position 
as when she was Oueen-Consort, but it is no longer high treason, as it then was, to con- 
spire her death. No man can marry her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, 
but she does not forfeit her royalty by marriage with a subject. 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attached any 
special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman can 
receive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
three examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
though the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
most rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
quitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 

C 2 



for years been known simply as "Prince Albert," received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Royal Highness." 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne, constitutes the third example. 

The Heie to the Theone.— This Royal personage is styled " the Heir 
Apparent" if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is "presumed " that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. Por the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Pkince of Wales.— The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) son of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth ; hence the delay which occurred in the present instance. He is by 
right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, 
Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward or Seneschal of 
Scotland, and Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the Sovereign's pleasure he is created 
by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, the patent testifying that he is con- 
firmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the girding on of a sword, the delivering 
of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring on his finger and a golden staff in his 
hand, according to custom," all at the hands of his royal parents ; the additional titles 
of Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, borne (in either the mascu- 
{ line or feminine form) alike by King Edward when Prince and his royal brothers 
I and sisters, are an inheritance from their father and descend also to the children of His 
Majesty's brothers. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority 
in his case does not count, though, by the present King, his seat as Prince was not 
taken until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent 
a son of his own would naturally succeed to the generality of his titles, but there is a 
limitation as to that of Duke of Cornwall which excludes the son of a Prince of Wales 
who has died in the King his father's lifetime : thus George the Third never held the 
title. But a brother can succeed thereto, being the eldest surviving son of a King, as 
was ultimately decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and Charles the First. The 
title, however, has been dormant more than once, and Richard the Second received it 
by a special new creation. Sir H. Nicolas enumerates six Royal Princes born Dukes 
of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales : they included Kings Henry 
and Edward the Sixth, two other sons (besides this latter) of Henry the Eighth 
(who died at birth or in infancy), an infant son of Charles the Eirst, and the " Old 
Pretender," to wliom, however, some do assign the title. This title of Prince of 
Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince " free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at j 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, I 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 I 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs ; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in every 
instance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above string of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally passed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in supplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that " Carrick " is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in sound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the Crown, 
was when extant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland ; in fact, " Knight 
of St. Patrick " is the heir's only distinctively Irish honour, and the Duke of Cumber- 
i land is the only member of the Royal Family who has an Irish peerage. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's Feathers, consisting of three ostrich plumes, customarily figured 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 5 i 

as drooping, though in 1878 this form was abandoned for the older one in which the j 
feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of these is an antique coronet, 
pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for " I serve") 
j — both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black Prince from the head of the 
i King of Bohemia, wh® was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
j badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
I Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's CroAvn except 
\ that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb), and is of gold 
without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a £o\d lace above it; that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Princess Royal.— The Sovereign's eldest daughter bears this title, so that it now 
accrues to the Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife, whose reception of it has, however, been 
deferred. The law hedges her about as a possible successor to the throne, but this 
privilege extends to no younger Prince or Princess. Her coronet is like that of her royal 
sisters as below. 

Remainder of the Royal Family. — Younger daughters enjoy no special precedence 
like the preceding, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when tliey enter the House of 
Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales (of c(jurse we are speaking in a 
general way, not of present conditions). Their seats in that House are to the left 
of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of the Sovereign, they are converted from 
sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. ' 
This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
according to the dates of their patents alone : this is at the present time the case with 
the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of "Royal Highness" is due to his father 
having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence— that father, being 
a King's gi-andson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uncles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated "Royal 
Highness," and the latter term is bestowed also upon grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sons, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
i nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of " the Blood," and, in common with 
grandchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as " Highness " only, though the 
husbands of those daughters of ten receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. Those 
of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-pattee, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 


General Remarks.— The rules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complications that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed, 
All Peers of England are Peers of Parliament, and have been such from the creation of 
their titles, except m those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. 1\\ 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peerages of equally long standing, and upon the succes-: 
sive XJnions of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
■ Imperial titles and summojied to the Hovise of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
I totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes only variations ju 
i rank— as "Baron A." in place of " Ep-rl of A.," or Earl instead of Marquess, or vice verm 
, — the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
' (which they most frequently are, but with numerous exceptions), the respective Peers" 
j ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term "^Imperial" is convenient 



as covering three variations entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to and including 1707 are classed as " Peers of England " and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of 1800 all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland were called *' Peers of Great Britain ; " and 
creations from the ist of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as " Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages of older date than the Union which had become extinct — a 
function which had been dropped by her late Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Rathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived in the case of Baron Curzon of Kedleston, to allow of his returning to the House 
of Commons instead of entering the Lords (see immediately below). One apparent 
exception to the exclusion of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case 
j of the Elected Representative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by 
their native titles, but do not hold them as hereditary members— those of Ireland as Life 
Peers, and those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further 
under " Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottish Peer; but an Irish Peer Avho has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself. Viscount Palmerston, so long 
member for Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent ones have been 
afforded by Lords Fermoy, Kensington, Muncaster, Dunsany, and the Earl of Cavan, 
and we have one at present in Viscount Valentia. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of j 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the ' 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 
quesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a general rule without 
this v/ord. But to this rule there are several exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, 
in spite of identity with the family name (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles 
Ashburnham, Cholmondeley, Coventry, Craven, Graham, Lytton, and Onslow, whilst it is 
omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, Brownlow, Camden, 
Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Ferrers, Manvers, MountCashell, Sondes, Strange, 
Temple of Stowe, and Winterton . A caution must also be observed as to assuming 
too readily that a local title gives the place of the Peer's principal residence or other 
j connection ; for though this has usually been originally the case yet there have been 
i num.erous changes of location, and in particular there appears to have been a special 
' fancy in the Irish Peerage for selecting a title which was, or would appear to be, 
English or Scottish, though perhaps chosen from some obscure Irish village of identical 
name — as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Fife, Kensington, Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of 
which titles are of Irish creation, though some of the Peers bearing them have since 
had Imperial titles also conferred. The following may be taken as a complete list of 
the titles of Marquesses and Earls which omit the "of" in modern practice : 






Brooke (Warwick) 








Be La Warr 
De Montalt 
Egerton of T. 

Fife (Irish title) 
Fitz William 















Talbot (Shrews.) 
Temple of S. 


Descent or succession of nobility commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for w;hilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, arid in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher Peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
female descent except in the two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of whom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into dbeyance,^^ for which subject see below in the third 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


paragraph under "Barons." A somev^hat similar exercise of the prerogative to that 
bv which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 
'^House of Lords," of summoning to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. The succession to different titles is likely to perplex the novice, who 
finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom lapsed 
but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." There may be " limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though " extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general," or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term is "heirs male general"); or a 
" special remainder " may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But j 
the w'dinary law is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former bearer 
of the same. Of course the direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a son to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his so]i or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heii', then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late. Baron had been created an Eai^l, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special'^ or "general" remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one vv^ho was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a fev/ patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may be 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if the Peerage 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires. 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the House of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belonging to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not compelled) to attend, v/hen each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the Royal Gailerj^, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
white rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts v/ere called in to give advice 
in the case of legal difficulties, and about two hundred mem.bers of the House of Peers 
sat as both judges and jury, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon their 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this v. ill have been the last. In cases of m-isde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tx-ied by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinaiy 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
I hot liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
! trho Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Eorester there is, moreover, 
1 attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
i Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated wdth exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order— availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Ferrers— if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edward the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason, its 
foixje is absolute and annuls the title for ever ; but if only for felonj', then if the title was 



granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case 
of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a 
descendant through a collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue 
came to an end ; but if the peerage v/as held by letters-patent the attainder would 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be i 
met with in the Directoky of an attainder being removed by Act of Parhament ; and I 
then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities as to how many I 
Peers of the title there have been. | 
Ths arms of all PeerH contain "supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical j 
figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, 
not "as Baronets," we are told, but the exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland ! 
rather the rule ; even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. | 

Dukes. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been i 
primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl ; but its first | 
employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of Edward the \ 
Third, when the Black Prince, who was already Earl of Chester, though not as yet | 
Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. In English usage it is thus less ancient I 
than either Earl or Baron, though the military term "Dux " was common even among j 
the Anglo-Saxons, whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke j 
(indeed, it is rernarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for j 
the tardiness of its adoption in England, they being reluctant to accord to their subjects j 
a title making these seem equal with themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was | 
the next creation, and others followed, though so sparingly that when in 1572 the Duke 
of Norfolk was executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was ! 
speedily revived, however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Richmond 
and Buckingham were created in 1623 ; whilst Charles the Second restored with full 
precedence the attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles 
in the English Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and : 
Peer; the Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier Duke of Scotland, and the Duke ef 
Leinster (1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are 
— 22 Imperial (besides Princes of the Blood Royal), 7 Scottish (besides the heir to the 
" throne), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created by the ceremony of girding on a 
sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. They are now, like Peers 
generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled in official language " Most 
Noble," but conventionally and more commonly " Your Grace ; " in very formal style 
he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and Noble Prince," and by the 
Sovereign, "Our right trvasty and right entirely beloved cousin," adding "and 
Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," according to Blackstone, | 
began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in some way with every 
Earl in the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the others. Barons only j 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over 
a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger j 
Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- 
berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, i 
as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white j 
taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- j 
zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold 1 
lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives I 
place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, ! 
the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver \ 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same ; 
occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of v^ hich is furred with miniver five j 
inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black ! 
ermine : train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet and cap are like the Duke's. \ 

A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore ' 
follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

* Ermine takes its name from the ermine weasel, which in winter is pure white with the exception of the black ; 
tips of the tail : these tips are used to form the variegations in the regular ermine as Avell as the dark bars, l 
Miniver is strictly the pure white fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied to I 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. | 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq., 

commonly called the Marquess of ." As a rule, he takes by courtesy his father's 

second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," and once (Somerset) only "Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only " Bight Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
A Duke's younger sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never taking the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word "Lord "to their Christian names. So a Duke's 
daughters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
ness, "and rank after these and the wives of Dukes'-eldest sons; whilst if a Duke's 
daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Makquesses. — The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Richard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of 
Dublin, when the King performed the ceremony of girding a sword to his side and 
placing a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made the 
Earl of Somerset Marquess of Doi'set ; but no further instance occurs till the reign of 
Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from 3farchio, a title previously - 
employed in the descrijition of both Earls and Barons, especially of those who were 
"Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The French 
form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means gone 
out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in ' The Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption j 
as a travelling-title — which it must be confessed is rather a reason for vnshing it abolished | 
than for proving it to be wrong : indeed, in old usage we have met with the form | 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marqviis. " We have, however, both here! 
and in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the more favoured form I 
with the upper circles. The German title corresponding to it is Markgraf, which | 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly ' 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which ■ 
i happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; , 
but in the year 1552 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to ' 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our | 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the \ 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Roll of Marquesses so styled, is premier j 
■ in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged in the Leinster dukedom, | 
I has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 23 Imperial Mar- 
j quesses, 4 Scottish, and 10 Irish. The style of a Marquess is "Most Honourable," 
j not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right ti'usty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under "Dukes"). 

As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called "pearls "), slightly raised on points (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry-leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller ; her robe has three and a half roM s of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, while the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 

A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
i other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of "Dukes" applies here also, 
i See, for all degrees, the " Table of Precedency " and "Forms of Addressing." 

Eakls. — This degree is much older than either of the preceding, as well as much more 
numerous. Blackstone says that "Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin 
cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much seem.s tolerably certain, that among the 
Saxons they were called Ealdormen, quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior or ; 
Senator among the Romans : and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil | 
government of a several division or shire. On the irruption of the Danes they changed j 
the name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their language, j 
In Latin they are called Comites from being the King's attendants. . . . After the | 



Norman conquest they were calledCot/n^s* or Countees from the French ; but they did not 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires ai-e from them called counties to 
this . day. This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans wdth simply an altered 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriators who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the 
Third *' Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only dignities existing 
in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest rank of nobility then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two 
or pei-haps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons— within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. A 
lower order was made Earl of a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denarium or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court ; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst in 
Scotland and Ireland the i>roportion is larger still— in Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quitft so 
i disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are— Imperial 125, Scottish 45, Irish 62. "For many centuries," says Sir Harris 
Nicolas,t "earldoms have always been conferred by letters -patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of creating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in this countr3% 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Roll the Earl of Shrewsbury and 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year iico, being given precedence 
of 1404 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1228), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl upon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland 
we have been directed to the earldom of Karrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde mar- 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a believer in its genuineness, can find no proof as 
to when such title was conferred, and thus the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) 
! must stand first in antiquity (1316), v/hilst the Earl of Waterford {1446), who is also 
! Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, 
land Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
i Sovereign, *' Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under "Dukes "). 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of any other 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden raj's which reach to the 
\ top of the cap and have small golden strawberry-leaves alternating between them. His 
mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine, &c. A 
Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of ermine, 
a miniver edging three inches in breadth, and a train a yard and a half on the ground. 

An Earl's eldest son is "born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that 
1 courtesy-title I but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected, 
i Younger sons are esteemed as equal to Barons, but all daughters as Viscountesses; these 
' latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
(though only a part of that unfair elevation of daughters over all sons but the eldest 
v/hich runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies" and 
"Right Honourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables. " 
Again see at the conclusion of "Dukes "and under "Peers by Courtesy "and "Addressing." 

* The title "Count" is now purely honorary in France. 

t As the name of this learned herald is liable to be misspelt we may observe that its correct and complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (familiarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," as Hood calls him in ' Miss Kilmansegg '). 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 

Viscounts. — This degree, like that of Marquesses, has been but sparingly conferred, 
though a very appreciable addition to its numbers has been made during the past twelve 
years or so. The word, however, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-comes, 
Earl's Deputy or Sheriff, which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal 
application in France ; but its first employment as designating a rank in the English 
nobility was in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated John, Lord Beaumont, to the title of 
Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the succession to 
heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been observed in the creation of 
this degree as of others. Twice it became wholly extinct, but it was finally revived in 
1550 by the elevation of Baron Ferrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor being now } 
the Premier Viscount upon the Roll. In Ireland this degree is more numerous than in 
England (proportionally /ar more) — 37 against 36 — the premier being Viscount Gorman- 
ston (1478) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it numbers but four (now that that of 
Strathallan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falkland (1620) for premier 
upon the Roll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Earl of Mar and Kellie, as holder of the 
premier viscounty. At first a viscounty v/as simply the advancement of a barony, and then 
its superior accompaniment ; but modern Viscounts have usually no second title, though 
exceptions do crop up as in the creation in 1900 of Viscount Ridley, who is also Baron 
Wensleydale. It is stated in * The Book of the Court ' that any English Premier on 
retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice it would be far better to say this of every 
Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the Premiers of the nineteenth century, we | 
note three who were made Earls, one a Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired i 
without any advancement, the remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon i 
entering office. A Viscount is designated by the Sovereign, "Our right trusty and j 
well-beloved cousin." ! 

The insignia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls (this 
I is the number enjoined at coronations, but fourteen may often be found in books) ; 
[ and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine [i.e. three on the right side 
I and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son and his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no definite equivalent, now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsoletOj but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title " Honourable." 

Babons. — The word "Baron" is supposed by some to have been derived from the 
Celtic Ber or Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural 
Baranes). The Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegnes or " Thanes," and these terms, 
as well as the later one "Baron," were employed both for ecclesiastics and laymen, to j 
designate those men of rank who were about the King. " Baron " came thus, for a long j 
period, to be prefixed to the names of saints [e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), and after it \ 
I "Monsieur" was similarly used down to the fifteenth century: in France the nobles i 
would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of "Baron," and we read that the family ! 
I of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la Chr^tiente." A Thane 
I under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required to possess "fully five , 
I hides of his own land," together with a church, a "borough-gate" where he could dis- 

gense justice on the Scripture model, and a "kitchen and bell-house " for the exercise of \ 
ospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. The Normans ! 
either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule that we come 
to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure in the history 
! of this degree. 

These were the Barons by Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
; that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
: of them were leading citizens, they Avere as distinctly subordinated to the Earls of their 
^ respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordinate to themselves. ' But 
: this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- i 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons " was used conventionally for \ 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montfort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking i 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as " Simon de 
Montfort with other Barons," though in the same sentence he speaks of the " Earls and 
Barons of the realm of England. " And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 


immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were 
"Barons and Earls" to the King became "Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached j 
to each " fee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell ; 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held i 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons | 
to the Great Council. But by the time of J ohn many of the Barons had become greatly I 
imj)overished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the wnole of | 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into I 
Barones Majores and Barones Minores, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than i 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. I 
! These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have! 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, ' 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively by the Sheriff : hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses. As yet, however, the Lower House 
was not really established, and the Greater Barons constituted the only regular Legisla- 
ture for another half -century. Baronies by Tenure have now been long a thing of the 
past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there had been none " for many ages," though 
there is still an earldom — that of Arundel— which is attached to the ducal house of 
Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel Castle. 

The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted them were the Barons by Writ. We \ 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, | 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- 
self vouchsafed to direct his writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time was ! 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- | 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of | 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, i 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than | 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election, " along with I 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each ! 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear | 
i to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, i 
! and leaving the others to the Sheriff. The still existing Baronies then named are those \ 
\ of De Kos, Le Des]iencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), ; 
[ whilst in the line of Camoys (r^.r.) the first Baron by writ was summoned twelve days earlier \ 
\ than any of these ; but the validity of tliem all as to date has been contested, as noted in j 
the Directory under Baron Mowbi-ay. Following this we read of writs of summons j 
I in the nth year of Edward the First (1283), constituting a small number of Barons, I 
j among whom were those of Mowbray and Segrave (titles since united in one noble- 
man) ; whilst in the 22nd of the same King there was published a decree commanding 
some sixty persons "to attend the King wherever he might be, to advise on the affairs 
of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients Peers of 
Parliament is by no means clear. In the year that followed, however (June 24, 1295), an 
unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one of its recipients, 
j The writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony 
(Blackstone states that some had supposed tioo sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas 
; shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the lineal heirs both male and 
I female. These writs are of the class termed Brevia clausa, from being " closed up " with 
j yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
I are occasionally brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
\ stated under " General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
1 or daughter's descendant. In the case of females, i)rimogeniture is disregarded in the ■ 
I succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family, nor yet with : 
Peers of Scotland ; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 
succession, not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ; but see under 

* Mr. Walford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the sflFect that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th year of Henry 
the First) giving the degrees and seats of the Lords and Conrmons of that year as constituting- one united body. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 13 

" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more than one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson [i.e. a son of J one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only). Thus the abeyance 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a 
prerogative of the Crown which .enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
first co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The sticcession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by letters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage ; in that of a male holding 
no such higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any new creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Roll of the Lords, for, | 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can | 
occur. ■ i 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons by Patent. Though a patent is now the only form ; 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern [ 
innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the ; 
Second in 1387. From this date for a long period the processes of writ and patent were j 
followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created j 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the Great Seal, ! 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — generally limited to his own heirs male. Up 
to the thirteenth year of James the First the creation by letters-patent was accompanied 
by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver ; but in that j^ear it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all there are now 325 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, with 65 Irish, but only 
26 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Roll is that of De Ros 
dating from 1283. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," we find the Duke of Sutherland holding the barony or lordship of 
Strathnaver (1228), whilst Baron Forbes (about 1442) stands first upon the Roll. But 
the oldest barony of all is in the Irish Peerage, where (disregarding that of 
Howth and others which are by tenure only) that of Kingsale stands first upon the 
Roll, thoiigh not awarded till 1223 (Sir John de Courcy, the famous English 
champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having i-eceived no title of nobility 
whatever). A Baron is conventionally called " Lord." 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
" Baron " in the official titles. On this see further under "Scottish and Irish Peers " 
(page 21). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet — which from the time of Charles the Second ' 
has been denoted by six silver balls— and the mantle with two bars of white fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though | 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and I 
daughters without distinction take the designation " Honourable." j 

Note on Coeonbts and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending I 
in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading \ 
insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be 1 
chased only. All alike have the cap of violet, lined with white silk and turned up with ! 

1 4 Litroduction. 

spotted ermine (page 8, note). The following are tlie distinctions amon^ croivas and 
coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereiffn~~4 crosses-patU'e and 4 fleurs-de-lis, with 2 aroiies. 
Prince Qf Wales-— t\\e same with only i arch. 
Princes of " Blood Royal "—the same with no arch. 
. Princesses of cUtfo—2 crosses-pattee, 2 strawbeny-leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 
Princes ana Princesses of " the Blood "—4 strawberry-leaves and 4 crosses-pattte. 
Dvkes—8 strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry-leaves and 4 " pearls " (silver balls) slightly moixnted. 
Earls— S pearls mounted on high golden rays. 
Fi''5co?m/fs— 16 pearls, not mounted. 
Barons— 6 pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage those worn in Parliament are of scarlet cloth, lined 
with white taffeta and with rows or guards of ermine at equal distances with a gold lace 
above each — Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above in loc. ), 
Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The robes worn at coronations 
are of crimson velvet, either with a surcoat or having the mantle itself doubled to the 
elbow, Avith rows of dark spots on each shoulder corresponding in numbers to those imder 
Parliamentary robes. The coronation mantles of Peeresses are likewise of crimson 
velvet, the capes furred with miniver pure and "powdered " with bars of ermine also 
corresponding in numbers to those of the above respective ranks, whilst the edging is 
likev/ise of miniver, varying in breadth of border from five inches to two ; the trains 
range in length from two ya,rds to one. 

Archbishops. — The general character of this division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Ai'chbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-five Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) agamst ten in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
j superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, v/hilst his colleague follows after 
i that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
I All England" a-nd "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself "By Divine 
' Providence " and the other "By Divine Permission," as do the Bishops. To the Arch- 
! bishop of Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal j 
1 Eamily, the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that ! 
j " wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners." | 
1 The Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the First, Edward the Second, Queen | 
j Mary, and William the Third. The Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the! 
j Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Pi-evious 
j to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishop of York crowns the Queen-Consort, and is consti- 
tuted her perpetual chaplain. This Archbishopric is more ancient than that of Canter- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 a. D. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Cantei'bury, owing to a suggestion from Archbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown j 
upon some Scot or Dane! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Yourj 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state ! 
that thev do not differ from those of Bishops, but the 'Encyclopaedia Britannica ' i 
asserts that they rise out of ducal coronets, though adding that the decoration is j 
" without authority : " see at close of "Bishops." 

Bishops.— There are at present thirty-five diocesan Bishops in the English Church j 
in addition to the tv/o Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own dioceses. There i 
aj"e also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such^ do not form a [ 
part of the Peerage. The twenty-seven sees or dioceses in the Province of Canter- j 
bury are : j 
Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chichester, Elv, 
Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, London, Norwich, I 
Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salis- 
bury, Southwark, Southwell, Truro, Winchester, Worcester. 
The ten of York Province are : 

Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, York. ^ 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 15 | 

Of thesB) Birmingham, St. Albans, Southwark, Southwell, and Truro in the former ! 
list, and Ripen, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, and Wakefield in the latter, are | 
of recent institution, the original total having been twenty-four, in addition to the | 
eee of Sodor and Man, the occupant of which has still an honorary seat in the House | 
of Lords, without a vote or liberty to join in the debates, having his own legislative i 
position in the Manx House of Keys. When an increa,se upon the original twenty-four ] 
was commenced, it was enacted that new a])pointees should not sit in the House of 
Lords until vacancies arose among their seniors, the new prelate chosen to fill the vacancy 
being placed in turn at the foot of the junior list, so that the former number of seats in 
the House should never be exceeded.* Thus the newly-created sees rank on full equality 
with the old, and a rotation is maintained among their occupants which, except as to the 
statement in the next sentence, follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special 
feature consists in the continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, 
and Winchester, who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. 
In fact, we come to have four classes or series among the thirty-five Bishops : 

1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty-one seniors of the remainder — Peers through seniority. 

3. Ten juniors — awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man — incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given in XVhitaker's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that iu which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Barons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order — London, Durham, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should *' precede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This section of our work obtained, for its issue in the year 1900, the privilege of hierli 
ecclesiastical supervision, having been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the 
English Church and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, since elevated 
to a Colonial bishopric. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the "diversity 
between important persons;" the second pronounced that "Bishops are Peers of the 
Realm," and that "aZ? Bishops are Lords Bishops;" v.Iiilst the third favoured us with 
the following valuable paper : 

" Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in the Witan, together with the Ealdormen and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of \ 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Great Council j 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually j 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict j 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the House of Lords. Their i 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- I 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and | 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were j 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be \ 
summoned in like manner as barones, still, however, retaining much of their earlier 
cliaracter as sapientes or 'Spiritual Lords of Parliament.' Both characters have been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past— in respect both 
of his baron}/ and of his personal status as Earl Palatine of the County of Durnara and 
Prince Bishop— by making his appearance at a review ' in a lay habit of purple, with 
jack boots and his hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

y Upon the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided that the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should be repi-esented in 

• But a Bishop who has once attamed the seniority will not forfeit his seat in tlw Lords though he accepts 
translation to another see that has become vacant. This was exemplified in 189S oa the Bishop of Newcastle 
becoming Bishop of Chichester, and again in 1503 upon another Bishop of Newcastle changing to St. Albans : the 
See ratated goes in tbese cases to the foot of the list. 



'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of their; 
number chosen 'by rotation of sessions.' Of the four Archbishops one sat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bishoprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes ; and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, the Irish i 
Bishops Avere excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
I precedency is now shared by the Koman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. ! 
j " The question whether the Bishops who have seats in Barliament are Peers of the j 
I Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term j 
I ' Peer ' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
I fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
j Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
j judgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
i exempt from seciilar jurisdiction on the same grounds. These were ecclesiastical 
I provisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
j privileges of Peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that ' they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
not Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of Peerage which the Bishops once 
I possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
j clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

I "A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
I ' Lord Bishop,' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
I in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
1 from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves, 
j But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as 'Lord \ 
Bishop, ' and this not by virtue of any special grant — still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal '\ 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as \ 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable | 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be given to all Bishops at the present day, is ; 
another question." 1 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made ' 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed j 
tons the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion: 
and practice came out clear beyond mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal | 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others Ave find a gradual shading \ 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter j 
of right is concerned, the title "Lord Bishop" belongs not only to English diocesan j 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess ( 
patents have it therein expressly conveyed ; and even as to the English Bisliops | 
Suffi-agan, the plea is advanced that when a small number of these were created in the | 
i6th centuiy they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is I 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except - 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to bo deduced. There were \ 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dom.inus Episcopus " i 
was applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore I 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their | 
address. But now, when the degrees of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, | 
v/e find that this form has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage I 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Church still in office have come to be styled " Lords Bishops : ' the i 
Suffragans are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actuallv dis- 1 
sentersfrom the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expi^essly answered our enquiry with, "No, this style is 
happily not customary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclain\er, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
" Lord" where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its omission : one clerical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
address "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an Am^erican Missionary or "Foreign" Bishop) 
without being reproved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


"Right Reverend Sir " is beginning to be dropped for the English style, A retired 
Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching to the see and not 
to the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somewhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Right Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord." The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but " Bishop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ; " still his personal address 
is "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissary is simply the agent or secretary of a Colonial or other 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our f ormer opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 

g rominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
e it was) could have laid it down to us that they were Peers of the Realm is something 
j incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of their office alone, and 
! that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves, usually not gaining their seats 
I till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My Lord ") as purely 
I commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called "Peers 
I of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in Avhich it 
i might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. 

I Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdivision of a diocese 
I or yielding an unlocahsed assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguish'?d by some 
I topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
I "Nottingham," "Penrith," &c., have disappeai'ed, whilst new titles crop up f rom j'^ear 
\ to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
I which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomalies as 
j "Bedford " and "Marlborough " recently in the diocese of London ; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old, thus actually remaining a "Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suffragan to be consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had already been consecrated (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics at present constituted are as follows, with the dioceses in which 
they are comprehended : 

Canterbury— Do^QV, Croydon. I Norwich— Th.Btfov6., Ipswich. 

Foj-ft— Beverley, Hull, Sheffield. j Oxford— Rea,dSiig. 
London— ^teyaey, Islington, Kensington. Peterborough— lueicestev. 

Winchester — Guildford, Southampton. , Bipon — Richmond. 

Car^(5?e— Barrow-in-Fumess. St. Albans — Colchester, Bai'king. 

Esreter — Crediton. St. David^s—Sw&nsesi. 

Lichfield — Shrewsbury. Southwell — Derby. 

Manchester — Burnley. Worcester— Coventry. 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Bristol, Chester, Chichester, Ely, Hereford, 
Lincoln, Llandaff, Newcastle, Rochester (from 1904), St. Asaph, Salisbury, Sodor and 
Man, Truro, or Wakefield ; whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there is a Biihop Assistant 
in Bath and Wells, Durham, Gloucester, and Liverpool. 

Coadfutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
31 issionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their sup>eriors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere ; in several cases, however, they have been absent from their sees 
at the time of our application. 

* There were but two or three Suffragan sees actually constituted out of this 26, and upon their holders 
dyin^ out no successors were appointed, so that from 1597 to 1870 the title had no distinctive existence in the 
English Protestant Church. Still, in this Church as in that of Rome, all Bishops not Metropolitans are sometimes 
called Suffragans, and from this circumstance a correspondent of ' Crockford ' is led to pronounce an essential 
difference between Suffragan Bishops and Bishops Sufiragan. We have followed, his harmless caution, but 
successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of no practical moment. 

1 8 Introduction. 

A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, and having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Durham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two "orbs." If the Archbishops adopt this style of one of tlieir own subordinates, 
it will surely be generally desired that usage should ere this have supplied them with 
the ' ' authority " said to be lacking. The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating 
in a crook, is still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from 
a crosier) is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage. — Even neglecting the above degrees of Dukes, 
Marquesses, Earls, &c., we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars see the two following divisions) : 

I. The House of Lords. 

T. Peers created. 

(1) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Law Lords). 

(3) Official Peers (Loi'ds Spiritual). 

2. Peers elected. 

(1) For Life (Irish Representative Peers). 

(2) Eor one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 

II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Full Eank. 

(1) Scottish Peers \ Many of these sit in the House of Lords either under Imperial titles or 

(2) Irish Peers / as Eepresentatives. 

2. Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession). 

(2) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issvie with Courtesy-Titles. 

(1) Eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters "). 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and Marquesses' eldest sons, 

(3) Younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons. 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 

(6) Daughters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earl§. 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 


Classification of Degrees.— The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- \ 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included j 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these are accordingly specified ; 
separately. Up to the date of our going to Press, the list stands as under : \ 

Hereditary. Life or a Term. Minors. Total, j Peerossss, 

Princes of the Blood Royal 3 ,. i 4l 

Archl)ishops 2 . . a i i 

Dukes , 22 . . . , 32 j j 

Marquesses 23 , . . . 23 ] 

Earls 133 I is{ i 

Viscouuts 30 .. 5 35 I i 

Bishops 24 . , 24 I 

Barons (exclusive of Bn. Gardner) . , 306 4 5 S^S 9 i 

Scottish Representative Peers 16 .. 16 • i 

Irish ditto ay (28*) . . 27 j _ 

507 i 

House of 580 + 12 Minors =592 i 11 
[ * One of the Irish Representative Peers has received an Imperial title, and is thus included elsewhere. 

j Forms of Admittance.— The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole | 
j Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the I 
I heading of " Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons | 
j are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions, it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal of England. It 
may almost be added that no new peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
them a right to sit in the House of "Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her ; but the 

The House of Lords. 


ower of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
ave lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters-patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" near 
the end of the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father's. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 
son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
title and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the issue of such writs centuries a^'o, and 
i that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
I phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
i issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Representative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 
informing him of the re-assembling of the House. 

^ The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
either to the creation, succession, or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
King of Arms (or " Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and 
I writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 
who enjoins that his credentials shall be read ; the oaths are next administered, the writ 
handed over for keeping bv the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his 
seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 
Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat. 

It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 
bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 
Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Areangement AND Peocedure. — Two thrones are provided for the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers constitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. The House gives its votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering "Content" or "Not Content," 
but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
Lord Chancellor himself participates in the vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House as the 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose presence, or that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part in the debates in addition to recording his vote.* Tiie 
Chairman of Committees acts as Deputy Speaker. The Peers formerly possessed 
the right of voting by proxy, but this practice was set aside by a Standing Order in 
1868. They still possess the privilege of entering upon the journals of the House (if 
within 48 hours) their individual protest against any measure which has received the 
sanction of the majority. The House continues to constitute the ultimate Court of 
Appeal, those Peers who are or have been Judges being the acting members, though 
any other Peer could participate if he chose so to insist. 

• The "Lord High Chancellor of England " finds his more exalted functions in his position as the first judicial 
officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. He is created by the mere 
delivery of the Great Seal into his custody. He is ex officio a Privy Councillor, he appoints all justices of the peace, 
is visitor of royal foundations, patron of the smaller Crown livings, and guardian of infants, idiots, and lunatics 
(through the Masters in Lunacy) ; he presides over the Court of Chancery, and has been assigned the title of *' Keeper 
of the King's Conscience." Till the time of James the First the post did not carry with it an hereditary peerage, 
but was at first always filled by ecclesiastics, of whom Cardinal Wolsey is the most eminent example. Itwaswh^n 
Henry the Eighth had resolved to overthrow the Church that he transferred the ai^xwntment to Sir Thbmas Mofe. 


Hereditary Peeks. — Our two tables have brought out the fact that there are Peers 
of Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and I 
Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, shows that the ' 
former class of exceptions are comparatively few. These are noticed in our next two ; 
paragraphs, while the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary j 
Peers within the House, but not succeeding by heredity thereto. \ 

Life Peers. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small ! 
number of Lmv Lords, a.t present four. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 in j 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life \ 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly ■ 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of Appeal into Life Barons \ 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired (the late Lord Chief Justice was ; 
also a Life Peer). There have up to the present been twelve such appointments (in addition j 
to the preceding, who was afterwards made an hereditary Baron, as was the late Lord j 
i Morris), namely, Lords Blackburn, Bowen, PitzGerald, Gordon, Hannen, Morris, 1 
Watson, and Russell of Killowen, who ai'e deceased, and Lords Davey, Macnaghten, i 
Lindley, and Robertson, who are still living. The unves of these Peers take the title \ 
of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the children of Life Peers now ' 
rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the courtesy -title " Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Sjnritucd, already described under the : 
preceding section. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on ■; 
; condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only ; 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops." [ 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their wk-es and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop j 
being simply "Mrs." I 

Peers Elected.— We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Eepresenta- \ 
live Peers, both of which are full Peers of their resT)ective nations, and are elected by \ 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 1 
omissions under Irish Roll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life ; those 
of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-elected at every fresh Parliament. Viscount 
Hawarden, of the Irish Eepresentatives, has received an Imperial title. Elected Peers 
do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new Parliament. 


Scottish and Irish Peers.— The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barwns, differ broadly from that of England in 
their not conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, there are veiy many wI' O, as fully enumerated upon 
page 36, possess Imperial hereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native 
ones — in fact this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland, and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earls, Barons, &c., see under those degrees, 
as per Index). 

The Scottish Peei^age in its early beginnings comes to us under a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet bears the Gaelic form of Mbrmhaor(usually printed 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this distinction 
were tlie predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under tliat title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 1114 as one of "the Seven 
Earls " connected with the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at ! 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in ' 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have i 

* It may here be remarked upon this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word I 
"Scotch the people are "Scots, and their adjective is " Scots "or "Scottish." Their Education Depart Bten'. has, ! 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may turn up from iime to 
time, as it would take a bold man to dispute in the case of a certain well-known liquor and powder, while the men- 
tiftn of a " Scottish " terrier might hardly suggest a recognisable animal. Again, the Scotsman Boswell uses the 
firai " Scotch" repeatedly in his 'Life of Johnson,' so that certainly no one can say that "the decree has been 
made absolute.'' 

Tlie Outside Peerage. 


held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to have 
I been merged under this wider designation, similarly with the case of " Simon de 
Montfort and the other Barons," as we had it above (page ii)> for the Scottish nobility 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the lands, already designated 
earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going 
to the eldest inheritor only). B\it James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament," and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl," acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (now 45 against 26). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nolDles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of English usage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Robert the Third in 1398 made his son j 
Duke of Rothsay, and liis brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland, as elsewhere observed, i 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of primogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. I 
In the Irisli Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are j 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, j 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and this in spite of the fact j 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively^ used for 1 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, l)ut this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word " Baron " for a title of nobility. Irish Peers, as else- 
where stated, have the distinctive privilege of admission to the House of Commons for 
any constituency not in Ireland itself. 

Peeresses in Own Right. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but frec[uently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some ot 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict I'ight in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by males will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
time take leave of tha,t House. 

Scottish Lords of Session.— We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether 
for the word " Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the [ 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately "Baron "and "Lord Chief ! 
Baron" v/ere used. It takes the prefix "Hon." in place of the "Right Hon." of 
actual Lords ; it confers no distinction upon the wives or children. There are but 
eleven of these Lords, and their names are given in. their alphabetical position. 
For a list of them see the Almanack under "Scotland." The Presidents of the two 
Divisions of the Inner Court do not in practice bear the above distinction, but they 
nevertheless hold the bench-titles of Lords Blair-Balfour and Kingsburgh respectively 
(the former of these has been elevated to the Peerage as " Baron Kinross," whilst the 
l3ench-title of " Lord Wellwood" has similarly disappeared in that of "Moncreiflf "). 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions. — We are continually 
meeting in the papers with some title which belongs, or affects to belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fact, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
flash in English society, or it may be a crash among English tradesmen ; while others { 
are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their j 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 


We have given nearly all the names to be found in either 'Burke' or 'Debrett,' 
together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly sure to take steps for making their presence known. 

A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (De Longuetiil), 
and quite a host of those holding Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these 'Debrett' supplies notices of an 
extensive series, and an official list obligingly sent us by Count Strickland enables us 
to add several to our own pages, including even those rather numerous ones who hold un- 
couth Arabic titles : one of these last, the Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble 
of Malta, and as such was deputed to represent the Peerage of the island at King 
Edward's coronation. As a rule, a foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence 
in the British dominions, but some thirty of those held in Malta are practically " taken 
over" by our Government, and thus impart to, say, a Marquess of that island the 
right to rank on a level with the Marquesses of the House of Lords. Among them- 
selv^es, however, they have the anomalous arrangement of treating the terms Marquess, 
Count, and Baron as titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation 
alone governing their precedence, and the form of address being "Most Nol)le" 
irrespectively to all. Besides Spain and Genoa, we find among the sources of these 
honours the Papacy, Austria, Naples, Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of 
Malta itself, these last supplying the only strictly Maltese peerages. Timiing from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," v/hich the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our ovv^n aristocracy can append to their other titles that of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Roman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable m.eans. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a "Spanish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom, vv^hile Italy, since King Humbert ascended the throne, has become 
very conservative in the matter of ennobling foreigners." The same writer states that 
at least 120 British subjects hold foreign titles. We may briefly instance the French 
dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort, and Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, 
Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Reay's 
Dutch title, and the Earl of Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, there are the 
Austrian baronies of Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's 
Prussian barony of Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of 
Maranham, the Portuguese viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern and earldom of 
Cape St. Vincent, the Italian dukedom of Gandolfi, and the Russian barony of 
Dimsdale. There are several honours hailing from Saxe-Cobure;, while Hanover, 
Hungary, and Sweden are cited as having contributed one each. 


Use of the Terms "Lord." "Lady," "Hon.," &c.— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular convejitional designation of a Baron, and frequently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patenter v.^rit, as is especially noticeable 
in. the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general tenn for 
any nobleman, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
lifted in the case of the eldest sons of sucli of the iiighor Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is l)igher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title 
" Lady " is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases except the last two, and by the 
1 wives of Baronets, and, in practice, by those of Knights also. When the v/ord "Lord," 
'\ or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian name, as "Alfred, Loi-d Tenny- 
son," the title "Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the "Alfred" shows which one 
of the line is intended (the form "Lord Alfred " could only be the courtesy-title of 
some younger son as above); and so we have "Edward, Earl of Derby," "Maria, 
Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each nobleman is designated 
by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian names. The leading 
name suffices for less formal use. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 23 | 

I . — — ^ . . — . . — . _ _ — . j 

! We have found it necessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we i 
I had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with ' 
[ which we have met, even amongst writers whom we should have assumed to be well- ; 
! informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater j 
I fulness to those with whom the law's of address have long been as their A B C. In ; 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, ' 
Earl of Derby " are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " ist Baron | 
T." and "14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages we may hear of i 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can -Jiem' have this inversion of the Christian I 
name in either of the Peei^ages of our own islands. In fact, even in thQ use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than tii at of "Lord," so that 
such forms as "Viscount James Cranborne" are simply outrageous monstrosities. 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied term "Lord" is, the 
courtesy-title of a younger son of some Duke or Marqiiess; then the addition of i 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even j 
1 here care m.ust be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy -title of an eldest 
I son, which, if " Loi"d," will usually be that of a barony included in his father's titles, ' 
whilst those of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname : thus we j 
have Lords Stanley, Balcarres, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms i 
of Derby, Crav/ford, and Ci-anbrook, and many similar titles will be found on j 
glancing down the column of Eldest Sons of Earis in Whitaker's Almanack. In i 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to { 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the Avord "Lady" the bhmder is j 
even more fi^ecpient ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it j 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms ' ' Lady Anne, " ' ' Lady J ane, " j 
&c., must never be vised except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, ! 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and j 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown " or ! 
"Lady White," though if recjuiring distinction from other Ladies of the surname they j 
m^ay prefix their own Christian names, or if two ladies of the name chanced to be at ! 
the same address the foi-m "Lady (E.) Smith" can be adopted : these, however, are | 
conventional resorts only, "for," says the Lord Chamberlain (who has kindly examined j 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented I 
at Court they would each be ' Lady Smith ' simply ; " whilst the bold device of invent- ' 
ing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady Douglas Smith." j 
amounts at once to making a "Lord Douglas Smith " (instead of "Sir Douglas") of | 
j the husband. ' 

The prefix "Hon." is given to most Peers' issue (see " Earls " &c.), to all present or I 
past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during office (not Lords Justices, \ 
who are all made Privy Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, who hold Life Peerages), to j 
Lords of Session ("Hon. Lord"), the Lord Provost of Glasgow (during office), and to j 
members of Executive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* The Pai-liamentary | 
j phrase "Hon. Member " implies no personal title, and it is a mistake to prefix " Hon." ! 
I to Gentlemen Ushers : " Never with men," says our authority. " Right Hon." is the j 
title of a Privy Councillor and of any Peer lower than a Marquess ; Peeresses take the 
style of their kusbands, and by courtesy either " Rt. Hon." or the commonly substituted 
" The " must be prefixed to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than 
" Hon.,"t a courtesy-Marquess being "Most Hon.," and " Rt. Hon." being prefemble to 
"The " in the case of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Rt.Hon." is also 
given during term of office to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Pro- 
vost of Edinburgh (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady pre- 
viously " Hon." who has married a "Sir," or else any lady who has m.arried an " Hon. 

j * This use of the title, having its rules to some extent complex, has occasionally been applied too freely. It per- 
I tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria, Tasmania, or the 
Cape, all of these memberships being life appointments; also, dimng office, to Senators of Canada (with the 
Speakers of both Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in 
a Colony possessing responsible government (by the King's permission the title may be retained by ex-merabera). 
LQcally'iYiQ " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the Speaker of 
a Legislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, some 45 in number, comprise all 
the British dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Cape). The designation of a 
Judge in a Colonial Supreme Court is less absolutely defined : in some Colonies it is " The Honourable Mr. 
Justice A.," in others merely " His Honour Judge B." 

t This statement having recently been challenged, we have in 1904 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and been 
assured in answer that " younger sons and daughters styled Lord or Lady, and eldest sons bearing special courtesy- 
titles, are entitled to the term Rt. Hon. or the substituted article," though this is simply " a matter of usage as is 
the courtesy-title itself." 


Sir," provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a merfi official ! 

The article *' The " when prefixed to "Lord " or " Lady " is, as just stated, a conven- | 
tional substitute for "Rt. Hon.," and the combination " TAe Lady" raustj therefore, 
j not be applied to the wife of a Baronet or Knight. But in other cases "The " has not 
the same foi-ce, and "The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and "The Dowager Lady" I 
(though only a B^ronetess) are correct forms in addressingi j 

Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles.— We first note that some of these are heirs | 
to peerages j while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, i 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their ! 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them i 
quite a mialtiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its j 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternately, and in some j 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his I 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother — may either step into his 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, was called Viscount Belgrave). Yet, further, we find 
deviations more or less from any of the titles of the fathers, as when the word 
"Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed to the familp name (as is almost regularly done 
when the Peer is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designation, whilst in 
the cases of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as 
those peerages have no second title attached) ; or in such cases as " Viscount Trafalgar" 
instead of "Viscount Merton of Trafalgar" for the son of Earl Nelson, or "Lord i 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of 
Kintore. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is the eldest son of \ 
the heir, but never upon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a previous Peer), ', 
who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest sons of ! 
Viscounts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the titles ■ 
of their fathers — this term having formerly been something more than a term of ; 
courtesy, for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in \ 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their presence : at one 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" 
iDefore their Christian names ; while the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 
" Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Ci'own or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon 
meet the difficvilty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so with the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is "Earl," but not if it is 
" Viscount " (just as with the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron-by-courtesy (an Earl's grandson usually) 
may be called " Master ; " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they i 
j will prefix "Lord "to their names,* but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable. ' i 
j Similarly the younger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled j 
I either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only " Honourables," as 
j are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
j styled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
Barons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be "Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Loi'd," and his next son 
" Lord John, " the ?/otniwr sons of the Duke can never be higher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any "Lord John" only Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord "of an eldest son and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being "Honourable," but not those of the latter, j 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 

* It is singular enough to be worth noting that at the present time there is not a single instance in the entire 
Peerage of a Duke's younger grandson bearing the title of" Lord ; " either the son is an Earl by courtesy (in which 
event his younger sons are only " Honourable "), or if a Marquess he has no second son. The only recent instances 
are the present Lord Roos of Belvoir, Avho was Lord John Henry Manners while his elder brother was living ; a 
deceased infant son of the Marquess of Hamilton (now and Duke of Abercorn), styled Lord Claud Francis 
1 Hamilton ; and Lora Alistair Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, son of the Marquess of StaflFord, now Duke of Sutherland. 

Nomenclature of Peers^ Relatives. 25 

their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons take "Honourable" 
like the sons. It will be observed, as already commented upon, tliat in the case 
of _ Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons, I 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, while the sons | 
obtain only the title assigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality j 
is only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the | 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons — an Earl's ! 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in j 
that of Barons only. The distinction has the effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
(before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and ! 
in consequence of greater apparent honour; whilst the term "Lady," aa we have! 
already remarked, is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the i 

Erefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a | 
>aron marries a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," | 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of the! 
higher value of the two. Ch^anddaughters, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled " The Lady " if their father's title is either "Marquess" or 
" Earl," but if it is only " Viscount," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable" only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons can 
bear any title. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only " Lord," and his eldest grandson 
will be level with an Earl even if termed only "Honourable : " v/hat is said of the wife's 
rank in the course of a footnote upon the next page is a special favour to certain married 1 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title j 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscount or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secondly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's ; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Court- 
esy-Titles in common use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which j 
we believe to be extant, mil be foiind in their respective alphabetical positions ! 
in the following Dikectoey. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; i 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many j 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atholl even exceeding twenty. j 

On the Mabkiage of Peeresses, &c.— The most essential rules may be thus briefly I 
specified : I 

The wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his ov/n title, wholly irrespective of j 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a \ 
Baroness being styled " The Right Hon. Lady." ! 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine | 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and i 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." | 
with no Christian name. ! 

The wife of a Baronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, j 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," " The Hon. Lady," &c. (see next page). j 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her oioii Might retains her title after \ 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles i 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any j 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or \ 
even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is ' 
inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's tvidow who re-marries the case is in appearance the same as to ! 
retention of a former superior title ; but it is so by etiquette only, for even if she i 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned i 
to any royal function,* although conventionally she will be known by whichever title ^ 
is the higher, and if both are the same in degree, that of her husband will naturally 

• The Dowager Countess De La Warr who had just re-married to a commoner was allowed to be present as a ! 
Peeress for the single day of the late Coronation. 



be used. But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord j 
1 by Courtesy, or to a commoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by ! 
\ her former marriage and comes to her second hxisband in precisely the same rank ■ 

in which she came to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher ■ 
: than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usvially gratifies her by ; 
! continuing the recent honour if desired. If the widoio of a Lord hy courtesy, the same \ 
I remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any ' 
I daughter ^ if a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, takes the rank of her husband, 
; whether it exalts or lowers her; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title 
; of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank : 
\ (governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as : 
i Earl, Viscount, &c.), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by prefixing her j 
I Christian name to herYm'&ha.wd^^ courtesy-title (as "Lady Helen Stavordale " and recently j 
: " Lady Maud Wolmer ") ; * lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or an j 
i eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own \ 
i ranlc, as denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise 
I v/ith him if previously beneath hmi, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become ■ 
j "The Lady" (a "Lady"' marrying a Knight or Bai-onet continues "The Lady Alice" : 
i with only change of surnam.e, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady" without ; 
j Christian name, the "Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady " her married status, j 
i which in the other case has to be absorbed). But a rnarried lady will never retain such a | 
I style as "the Hon. Alice; "and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be \ 
i omitted if he is the eldest living son of a living Peer, it must not be omitted, nor "Alice" j 
I substituted, on the ground of his being a commoner lihiiself : we give this on the direct j 
I authority of the Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous ' 
I care, complicated by the anomaalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher ' 
i than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal) : the daughter | 
I of a Duke ranks higher than the younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own | 
j Christian name in preference to his ; but the daiTghter of a Marquess ranks only j 
j as equal to a Dvike's younger son, and consequently may take either his or her- own j 
I Christian name after " The Lady " [his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice i 

upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : \ 
j A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" will on marriage become "The Lady John" if I 
I her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain "The ^ 
I Lady Alice " if it was either the same or inferior : there is, however, an option of : 
i either style (but regularly the husband's) if higher by only one degree.f 
I If entitled "Honourable" she will become " The Lady John" on marrying a Peer's son : 
I designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another " Plonourable " or a 
\ commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John." 

I It may be added to the above rema.rks that the ividow of either a Lord hy Courtesy or a 
i younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her 
; by a first (as distinct from one which was her ov/n by birth), though here again custom 
I humours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix " The Ladj^" but not ' 
I that of "Honourable," which, hov-^ever, many ladies still strive desperately to retain 
(a BaroneVs widow has an express right to continue "Lady," with her late | 
husband's surname, but a Knighfs retains the distinction by courtesy only, ; 
, and this course will 1)0 foUov/ed even if she marries an "Honourable"). The 
i daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honoui-able," will on 
' marrying « "Sir'" become "The Son, Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was 
I "Lady" (with a Christian name) she will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," 

i * Note that this will not happen in the case of marriage of any Peer s daughter to the eldest son of a Duke, for • 
j the wife's rank cannot possibly be higher than his, and she will therefore take (with the rank of a Marchioness) the : 
j regular feminine of his own style whether Jlarqupss, Earl, or even Lord. This rule of precedence by actual rank 
i regardless of style may seem at first inconsistent with the latter half of the note that follows ; but the difference ■ 
1 tliere denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
! keeping herself superior to her unfortunate husband. i 
i t Duly a knowledge of individual instances can sometimes decide aa to the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as well as his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
i Lady Florence and the others as Lady Robert and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception socn 

becomes evident : Lady Florence's husband is known as the Rev. Lord William Cecil (though his first Christian i 
' name is Rupert), and there is another Lord Wm. Cecil, son of the 3rd Marquess of Exeter ; the " Rev." distinguishes 
i tlie husbands, but two " Lady Williams" would be confusing. Sometimes the option is extended to other cases, I 
and a wife gracefully sinks her own rank in order to stand exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud | 
Dundas, though a Marquess's daughter, took the courtesy-title of Viscountess Milton until she became Countess 
Fitzwilliam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a Lady Frances, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry j 
Lord Francis, the younger son of a Marquess, she would sink tAvo degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis i 
instead of Frances. ! 

Nomenclature of Peers^ Relatives. 


disregarding the "Sir." A commoner marrying any person of title whatever! 
follows her husband's style exactly, from "Duchess downward to "The Lady ^ 
John B." or "The Hon. Mrs. Charles B." As to the hiisband'a Christian ; 
names, they may not always be needed after "Mrs." if no uncertainty is caused ; 

I by their omission, and in point of fact they are vcri/ frequently omitted even when un- : 

j certainty is caused ; the wife of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. : 
Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the wife of a Scottish " Master" (himself always i 
"Honourable ") will be styled " The Hon. Mrs. N.," unless, of course, she was previously | 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remark that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 1 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife i 
of a " Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. The above i 
rules show that while a lady may often rise by max-riage, there is only one case in j 
which she can sink by it — that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual ; 
Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the ; 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 
the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, Avhile the others, 

I though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and ; 

I three degrees beneath her. ; 

I A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this ; 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; j 
it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and I 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, thus compel- \ 
ling him on marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. j 

Peers' Widows. — The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so that it is desirable to use it 
with care, though, as being a foi-m in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to 
give offence when correctly applied. So long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is 
unmarried, the widow of his predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was j 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earher Peer ; but as soon as (and for so ! 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some waj^ If j 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes | 
the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, i 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's mother whilst his grandmother is also living, then j 
she takes the style "Mary, Lady A.," "Catherine, Countess of B.," &c. ; the elder | 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." i 


DivoECEES. — Our remarks under "Modes of Addressing " (page 74) have been m.ore j 
than once challenged, though our rule is identical with that given by ' Debrett.' But ! 
' conventionality is apt to override rules, especially in a case of gratifying the favoured } 
sex. Thus, strange as it seenjs, a lady who has divorced her husband continues very i 
commonly to cling to his name, and if a title was attached it is a thing too precious to I 
j part with : indeed, one of the Judges in the recent Cowley appeal observed that he had j 
I never known a lady relinquish a title which slie had once acquired (for the credit of the | 
sex there are three or four such instances occurring in this book, but they are in the ; 
connection of re-marriage and not of divorce). Any title thus retained is of course j 
worthless, but none the less it is claimed, so that, as it has been iDut to us, "any person j 
addressing such a lady without giving her the title must expect his letter to go I 
unanswered ; " very likely, but not, to our mind, very creditable to the lady who so j 
acts, and a most unhappy contrast with the course taken by an occasional one of the j 
; sex in actually dropping the title " Lady " v\'hich ordinary usage would permit her to ! 
I retain : divorce with retained style is the annulling of a bargain, but the keeping ' 
i back of part of the px-ice. In the case of a surname only the matter is not quite I 
\ the same, for a person can adopt any name which is clear from the least lurking ' 
i of fraud, so that if Mary Jones marries John Smith and then divorces him, there appears I 
to be nothing absoliitely to prevent her calling herself Mrs. Mary Smith (but no longer i 
Mrs. John Smith). An illustration under both heads was lately afforded by the j 
re-marriage of the previous Countess Russell, whose name was registered, " Mabel | 
Edith Russell, formerly Scott, spinster "—a rather amusing jumble, but an admission 
by the registrar of the surname obtained by the first marriage though not of the title of ' 


1. Titles on the Roll of the House op Lords. 

4 Arclibishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancellor 

( = 196) 

6 Archbishop of York 

7 The Lord President of the 

Council (=156) 

8 The Lord Privy Seal (=^34) 


9 Norfolk, Earl Alarshal oj 
England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon {D. of RamiUon) 

21 Portland 

22 Manchester 

23 Newcastle 

24 Northumberland 

25 H.R.H. The Duke of Cum- 

berland and Teviotdale 

26 Wellington 

27 Sutherland 

28 Westminster 

29 Fife 

30 Argyll 


31 Winchester 

32 Lansdowne 

33 Townshend, Marq. 

34 Sahsbury (=8) 

35 Bath 

36 Abercom {Duke of A.) 

37 Hertford 

38 Bute 

39 Exeter 

40 Northamioton 


[Official] Mem.— According to the usage of Parliament, when the House appoints a Select Committee, the Lords 
appointed to serve upon it are named in the Order of their Rank, beginning with the Highest ; and so, when the 
House sends a Committee to a Conference with the Commons, the Lord Highest in Rank is called first, and the 
rest go forth in like order : But when the 'Whole House is called over for any purpose within the House, or for the 
purpose of proceeding forth to Westminster Hall, or upon any public Solemnity, the Call begins invariably wi^h 
the Junior Baron. [Additions or corrections in square brackets are editorial, as are several recent changes, whilst 
we have substituted the more definite term " Baron " for that of " Lord," which is used regularly in the Roll.] 

41 Camden, Marq. ; 83 Dundonald {Elected 

42 Anglesey 

43 Cholmondeley 

44 Ailesbury 

45 Bristol 

46 Aiisa 

47 Normanby 

48 Ripon 

49 Abergavenny 

50 Breadalbane 

51 Dufferin and Ava 

52 Zetland 

53 Linlithgow 

Royal Princes. 

1 H.R.H. The Prince of Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 

naught and Stratheam 

3 H.R.H. The Duke of Albany 

[a Minor till July J 

Arciibtshops and High State 


54 The Lord Steward 

Household (=59) 

55 The Lord Chamberlai 

Household (=112) 

56 Shrewsbury 

57 Derby 

58 Huntingdon 


Scot Id.) 

89 Ferrers, Earl 

90 Dartmouth 

91 Tankerville 

92 Aylesford 

93 Cowper, Earl 

94 Stanhope, Earl 

95 Macclesfield [a Minor] 

96 Graham, Earl {D. of Montrose) 
' 97 Waldegi'ave, Earl 
: g8 Ashbumham 

99 Harrington 
j 100 Portsmouth 
101 Brooke, Earl, and E. of 

j :o2 Buckinghamshire 
of the 102 'Fitzwil\ia,m, Earl 

j 104 Guilford 
n of the\ 105 Hardwicke 

1 106 Hchester 

1 107 De La Warr, Earl 
108 Radnor 

09 Spencer, Earl 

59 Pembroke and Montgomery j 110 Bathurst, J^ari 

Hillsborough {31. of Down- 
I shire) 
1112 Clarendon (=55) 
113 Mansfield 

1 114 Strange, Earl {D. of Atholl) 

1 115 Mount Edgcumbe 
j 116 Fortescue, Earl 

66 Winchilsea and Nottingham; 117 Carnarvon 

67 Chesterfield j n8 Cadogan, Earl 

68 Sandwich 119 Malmesbury 

69 Essex 120 estmeaXh. [Elected for I reld.) 

70 Carlisle i 121 DrogYicAa. {Elected for Ir eld.) 

71 Doncaster (D. of Buccleuch 122 Lanesborough {Elected for 

60 Devon 

61 Suffolk and Berkshire 

62 Denbigh 

63 Westmorland 

64 Ijndsey 

65 Stamford 

and Queensherrij) 

72 Shaftesbury 

73 Berkeley 

74 Abingdon 

75 Scarbrough 

76 Albemarle 

77 Coventry 

78 Jersey 

79 Poulett, Earl 

80 Mar {Elected for Scotld.) 

81 Morton {Elected for Scotld.) 

82 Mar and Kellie {Elected for 


83 Haddington {Elected for 


84 Lauderdale {Elected for 


85 Carn-weLth {Elected for Scotld.) 

86 Loven and Melville {Elected 

for Scotld.) 

87 Northesk {Elected for Scotld.) 


1 123 Mayo {Elected for Ireld.) 

' 124 Annesley, Earl {Elected for 

! Ireld.) 

1 125 Lucan {Elected for Ireld.) 
! 126 Belmore {Elected for Ireld.) 
!i27 Bandon {Elected for Ireld.) 
! 128 Rossi 
j 129 Craven 
1130 Onslow 
!i3i Romney 
; 132 Chichester 

1 133 Wilton 

1 134 Powis 

i 135 Nelson, Earl 

136 Rosse {Elected for Ireld.) 

137 Manvers, Earl 

138 Orford 

139 Grey, Earl 

140 Lonsdale 

141 Harrowby 

* Occupies this position both as Premier Duke, and as a High State Officer. 

t Under this and the following series the word Marq. or Earl is appended to the title when without 


Boll of the House of Lords. 

42 Harewood 

43 Mmto 

44 Cathcart, Earl 

45 Verulam j 

46 Brownlow, Earl \ 

47 St. Grermans i 

48 Morley i 

49 Bradford { 

50 Beauchamp, Earl I 

51 Eldon I 

52 Howe, Earl j 

53 Stradbroke | 

54 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

55 Kilmorey (Elected for Ireld.) 

56 Vane, Earl {M. of LondonA 

derry){^j) j 

57 Arolierst, Earl j 

58 Cawdor, Earl 

59 Miinster | 

60 Camperdown 

61 Lichfield 

62 Durham 

63 Granville, Earl 

64 Effingham 
55 Ducie 

65 Yarborough 

67 Innes, Earl {D. of Roxhurghi-) 

68 lisicester 

69 Lovelace ( = 273) 

70 Gainsborough I 

71 Elleeraere { 

72 StraflPord : 

73 Cottenham ! 

74 Cowley, Earl j 

75 Winton (J?. of Eglintoun \ 

[Eglinton & Winton]) ! 

76 Dudley j 

77 Russell, Earl \ 
- [Cromartie, Ctss. of] \ 

78 Kimberley j 

79 Dartrey | 

80 Feversham 

81 Wharncliffe 

82 Northbrook | 

83 Cairns, Earl \ 

84 Lytton 

85 Lathom 

86 Sondes, Earl 

87 Selbome 

88 Iddesleigh 

89 De Montalt, Earl (=208) 

90 Londesborough 

91 Cranbrook 

92 Ancaster 

93 Carrington, Earl 

94 Crewe 

95 Egerton [of Tatton], Earl 

96 Halsbury (=5) 

97 Roberts, Earl 

98 Cromer 


199 Hereford 

200 Falkland {Elected for Scotld.) 

201 Bolingbroke and St. John 

[vacant on Roll — a Minor] 

202 CoTbham 

203 Falmouth 

204 Torrington [a Minor] , 

205 ljeinster{DukeofL.)[a Minor] j 

206 Hood J 

207 Bangor (Elected fm^ Ireld.) \ 

208 Hawarden [Elected for Ireld. 

= Earl de Montalt, 189) 

209 St. Vincent 

210 Melville 

211 Sidmouth 

212 TeTap\etown.(Elected for Ireld., 

213 Gordon {E. of Aberdeen) 

214 Exmouth [a Minor] 

215 Hutchinson {E. of Donougli- 


216 Clancarty {Earl of C.) 

217 Combermere [a Minor] 

218 Canterbury' 

219 Hill 

220 Hardinge 

221 Gough 

222 Halifax 

223 Bridport 

224 Portman 

225 Hampden 

226 Wolseley 

227 Cross 

— [Hambleden, Vctss \ 

228 Peel 

22q Knutsford 

230 Llandaff 

231 Esher 

232 Goschen 

233 Ridley 

234 Kitchener of Khai-toum and 

of the Vaal 

235 Colville of Culross 

236 Churchill 

237 Milner 


238 London 

239 Durham 

240 Winchester 

241 Gloucester 

242 Chichester 

243 Llandaff 

244 Ripon 

245 Lincoln 

246 Salisbmy 

247 Ely 

248 Chester 

249 St. Asaph 

250 Truro 

251 Lichfield 

252 Norwich 

253 Bath and Wells 

254 Hereford 

255 Rochester 

256 St. Albans 

257 Peterborough 

258 St. David's 

259 Bristol' 

260 Wakefield 

261 Bangor 


262 De Ros 

263 Mowbray 

264 Hastings 

265 De Clifford [a 3Iinor] 

266 Clinton 

267 Zouche of Haryngworth 

— [Beaumont, Bnss/] 

268 Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Darcy de Knayth, Bnss.] 

269 Botreaux {E. of Loudoun) 

270 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, JBnss.] 





1 290 
1 292 

1 293 







1 327 

1 328 

[Bemers, Bnsf.] 

Willoughby de Broke 

[Fauconberg and Conyers, 

Vaux of Harrowden 

Wentworth {= E. of Love- 
lace, 169) 




St. John of Bletso 
Howard de Walden 

Saye and Sele 

Arundell of Wardour 

[Clifton, Bnss.] 





Clifford of Chudleigh 
Manners of Haddou {31. of 


Forbes {Elected for Scotld.) 
Saltoun {Elected for Scotld.) 
Sinclair {Elected for Scotld.) 
Torphichen {Elected for 

Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

{Elected for Scotld.) 
Belhaven and Stenton 

{Elected for Scotld.) 
Boyle {E. of Cork and Orrery) 
Hay {E. of Kinnoul \Km- 


Ponsonby {E. of Bessborouyli) 



Lovel and Holland {E. of 

Vernon [a 3linor] 

Dinevor [Dynevor] 






Somers [a 3Iinor] 



Tyrone {31. of Waterford) 

Carleton {E. of Shannon) 




Fisherwick {M. of Donegall) 

[a Minor] 
Gage {Visct. G.) 

Mendip ( Visct. Clifden) 
Stuart of Castle Stuart {E. of 


Stewart of Garlies {E. of 

Saltersford {E. of Courtown) 
Brodrick {Visct, 3Iidleton) 
Gwydir [Gwydyr] 



\ 332 

i 333 
i 334 
! 335 
I 336 
I 337 
i 339 
i 340 
i 34i 
. 342 
j 343 
i 344 
i 345 
I 345 
' 347 
I 348 
j 349 
I 351 
i 352 
1 353 




i 364 
! 365 
! 355 
I 367 
! 358 
i 369 
I 370 
; 371 
i 372 
I 373 
■ 374 
; 375 
! 376 


i 382 

: 383 
i 384 
I 386 

1 390 

; 391 
! 392 
: 393 
i 394 




Dunboyne {Elected/or IreU.) 
Inchiquin {Elected for I veld.) 
Massy {Elected for Ireld.) 
Muskerry {Elected for Ireld.) 
Kilmaine {Elected for Ireld.) 
Clonbrock {Elected for Ireld.) 
Headley {Elected for Ireld.) 
Crofton {Elected for Ireld.) 
Langford {Elected for Ireld.) 
Ventry {Elected for Ireld.) 
Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 
Loftus {M. of Ely) 
Carysfort {Earl of G.) 

Sheffield {Earl ofS.) 

Monteagle [MontEagle] {M. 

of SUgo) 
Granard {Earl of G.) 
Gardner \_vacant] 

Castlemaine {Elected for 

Meldrura {31. of Huntly) 
Grinstead {E. of Ennishillen) 
Foxford {E. of Limerick) 

Ker (il/. of Lothian) 

Minster {Marq. Conynglium) 

Ormonde {Marq. of 0.) 

AVemyss {Earl of W.) 

Silchester {E. of Longford) 

Oriel {Visct. Massereene) 






Somerhill {M.of Clanricarde) 

Wigan {E. of Crawford) 

Eanfurly {Earl ofR.) 




Rosebery {Earl of B.) 

Clanwilliam {Earl of C.) 


Kilmarnock {E. of ErroU) 

Fingall {Earl of F.) 

Sefton {Earl of S.) 

Clements {E. of Leitrim) 

Kenlis {M. of Headfort) 

Chaworth {E. of 3Ieath) 

Dunmore {Earl of D.) 





De Saumarez 



De L'Isle and Dudley 



"Worlingham {E. of Gosford) 
Stratheden [and Campbell] 
Oranmore and Browne 

{Elected for Ireld.) 

404 Bateman 

405 Kintore {Earl of K.) 

406 Rossmore 

407 Carew 

408 De Mauley 

409 Wrottesley 

410 Sudeiey 

411 Methuen 

412 Stanley of Alderley 

413 Leigh 

414 Wenlock 

415 Lurgan 

416 Monteagle of Brandon 

417 Seaton 

418 Oxenfoord {E. of Stair) 

419 Vivian 

420 Congleton 

421 Bellew {Elected for Ireld.) 

422 Elgin {E. of Elgin an' 


423 De FrejTie 

424 Saint Leonards 

425 Raglan 

426 Kenmare {Earl of A'.) 

427 Belper 

428 Talbot de Malahide 

429 Ebury 

430 C'hesham 

431 Chelmsford 

432 Churston 

433 Leconfield 

434 Tredegar 

435 Lyveden 

436 Brougham and Yaux 

437 Kinnaird 

438 Westbury 

439 Fitzhardinge 

440 Annaly 

441 Romilly 

442 Meredyth {Bn. AtMumney) 

Kill- 491 
1 496 



443 Kenry {E. of Dunraven rt7i'i:5i3 

llount Earl) 

444 Monck {Visct. M.) 

445 Hartismere {Bn. Hennlher) 

446 Eylton 

447 Penrhyn 

448 Brancepeth {Visct. Boyne) 

449 Kesteven 

450 Onnathwaite 

451 O'Neill 

452 Napier [of Magdala] 

453 Gornianston ( F?st;#. G.) 

454 Rathdonnell {Elected 


455 Lawrence 
455 Dunning Bollo) 

457 Balinhard {E. of Southesk) 

458 Hare {E. of Listowel) 

459 Howard of Glossop 

460 Castletown 

461 Acton 

462 Wolverton 

463 Greville 

464 O'Hagan 

465 Sandhurst 
— [Bui'dett-Coutts, Bass.'] 

466 Ettriek {Bn. Napier [of Mer- 53I 

chistoun, Bn. Napier and 

467 Somerton (-E". of Normanton) 

468 Aberdare 

469 Moncreiff . 

470 Coleridge 

471 Emly 

472 Cottesloe 






. 1524 


1 530 



Douglas {E. of Home) 

Ramsay {E. of Dalhousie) 

Fermanagh {E. [o/] Erne) 







Shute {Visct. Barrington) 








Tweeddale {3Iar(j. of T.) 

Howth {Earl of H.) 






Strathspey {E. of Seafidd) 

Monk Bretton 


Sudley {E. of Arran) 



Northington {Bn. Henley) 







Saint Oswald 


Montagu of Beaulieu 









Hamilton of Dalzell 



Macnaghten [Life Peer] 
Bowes {E. of Strathmore and 

Kinghorn [Kinghorne]) 
Monckton {Visct. Galway) 
Saint Levan 

De Ramsey 






Mount Stephen 

[Macdonald of Eamscliffe, 


Amherst of Hackney 

Roll of the Lords — Scottish Peerage. 


545 Dunleath 

546 Llangattock 

547 Playfair 

548 Battersea 

549 Swansea 

550 Farrer 

551 Overtoun 

552 Hawkesbury 

553 Stanmore 

554 Rendel 

555 Welby 

556 Davey [Life Peer} 

557 Loch 

558 Wandsworth 

559 Ashton 

560 Burghclere 

561 James [of Hereford] 

562 Rathmore 

563 Glenesk 

564 Aldenham 




1 573 


1 575 



Fairlie {E. of Glasgow) 
Dawnay {Visct. Downe) 

Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick 

— a 3Ii?iOi'] 

Strathcona and Mount 






[Dorchester, Bfiss.] 
Robertson [Life Peer] 

Lindley [Life Peer] 















*#* This number is in excess ot the tofcal number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused i 
by the foUowine: Lords beini? twice named in the Roll : ! 

Earl of Halsbury as Lord High Chancellor and as Earl of HalsbuiT (Nos. 5 and 196). 

Earl Vane (Marg. of Londonderry) as Lord President and as Earl Vane (Nos. 7 and 156). 

Marquess of Salisbury as Lord Privy Seal and as Marquess of Salisbui-y (Nos. 8 and 34). 

Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery as Lord Steward and as Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery (Nos. 54 and 59). 

Earl of Clarendon as Lord Chamberlain and as Earl of Clarendon (Nos. 55 and 112). 

Earl of Lovelace as Earl of Lovelace and as Baron V/entworth (Nos. i6q and 273). 

Earl de Montalt as Earl de Montalt and as Viscount Hawarden (Nos. 189 and 208;. 

[This deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to §93, which has, however, to be further reduced by 12 for 
the Minors, and i for the vacant Gardner Barony, after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the 
business of the House will be 580, which accords with that given under "House of Lords." The name of Lord 
Wentworth is retained upon the Roll though in duplicate, as the Peer who originally entered the House 
by this title is still among its members ; but from some unexplained reason the names of Lords Lovaine and j 
Robartes, who similarly took their seats under these titles, have disappeared from the Roll.] | 



1 Rothesay [Rothsay] {Prince 

of Wales) 

2 Hamilton {D. of Brandon) 

3 Buceleuch an d Queensberry 

{E. of Doncoster) 

4 Lennox {D of Richmond,) 

5 Argyll {same title in XJ. K.) 

6 Atholl {Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose {Earl Graham) 

8 Roxburghe {Earl Innes) 


9 Huntly {Bn. Meldrum) 

10 Uueensberry 

11 Tweeddale {Baron T.) 

12 Lothian {Bn. Ker) 


13 Crawford and Balcarres {Bn. 


14 Erroll {Bn. Kilmarnock)- ■ 


Sutherland {Duke of S.) 
Mar {Repres. Peer) 

Morton {Repres. Peer) 
Eglinton and Winton {E. of 

Cassillis {31. of Ailsa) 
Moray {Bn. Stuart of CoMle 

Mar and Kellie {Repres. Peer) 
Home {Bn. Douglas) 

Strathmore [and Kinghome] 

{Bn. Bowes) 
Abercorn {3farq. of A., Ir. 

Duke of A.) 
Haddington {Repres. Peer) 
Galloway {Bn. Stewart of 

Lauderdale {Repres. Peer) 

Kinnoull {Bn. Hay) 
ijoudoun {En. Botreaux) 
Dumfries and Bute {Mai-q. of 


Elgin and Kincardine {Bn. 


Southesk {Bn. Balinhard) 

38 Wemyss and March {Bn. 


39 Dalhousie {Bn. Ramsay) 

40 Airlie [a Minor] 

41 Carnwath {Repres. Peer) 

ea Leven and Melville {Repres. 

43 Dysart 

44 Northesk {Repres. Peer) 

45 Newburgh 

46 Dundonald {Repres. Peer) 

47 Kintore {Baron K.) 

48 Breadalbane {3Iarq. of B.) 

49 Aberdeen { Visct. Gordon) 

50 Melfort, Countess 

51 DunmoxQ {Baron D.) 

52 Orkney 

53 Seafield {Bn. Strathspey) 

54 Stair {Bn. Oxenfoord) 

55 Rosebery {Baron R.) 

56 Glasgow {Bn. Fairlie) 

57 Hopetoun {Marq. of Linlith- 



58 Falkland {Repres. Peer) 

59 Stormont {E. of Mansfield) 



60 Arbuthnott 

61 Dumblane[Dun-](Z).(?/Xee<;?s) 


62 Forbes {Repres. Peer) 

63 Saltoun {Repres. Peer) 

64 Gray, Baroness 

65 Cathcart (iarZ C.) 

65 Sinclair {Repres. Peer) 

67 Sempill 

68 Henies (same title in U. K. 


69 Elpbinstone (sawji 

U. K.) 

70 Lovat [same title in U. K.) 

71 Borthwick 

72 Torpbichen [Repres. Pee)') 

73 Kinloss, Baroness 

74 Colville [of Culross] {Visct. 

C. of C.) 

75 Ding-vvall {Earl Coicper) 

76 Balfour of Burleigb {Repres. 


77 Napier [of Mercbistoun] {Bn. 

Eft rick [Napier & Ettrick]) 

78 Fairfax of Cameron 

79 Reay {same title in XT. K.) 

80 Forrester {E. of Verulam, Ir. 

Visct. Grimston) 

81 Elibank 

82 Belliaven and Stenton 

{Repres. Peer) 

83 Eollo {Bn. Dunning) 

84 Rutbven 

85 Nairne {M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 

E. of Kerry) 

86 Kinnaird {same title inXJ. K.) 

87 Polwarth 

III. Roll of the Irish Peerage. 

Peers marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, having never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minors*. 



i 19 

! 20 

I 21 
I 22 



I 24 



I 31 
' 32 






i 43 


*Leinster {Visct. L. [a Mhtor]) 
Abercorn {3farq. of A., Sc. 
Earl of A.) 


Waterford ( Bn. Tyrone) 
Downsbire {E. of Hillsbornv,gh) 
*Donegall {Bn. Fi^herwick) 
Headfort {Bn. Kenlis) 
*'Sligo {Dn. MontEagUj \ 
VAj {Rn. Loftus) 
Londonderry {Earl Vane) 
*Conyngbam, 3Iarq. {Bn. 

Minster [a MinorY) 
Oimonde {Baron 0.) 
Clanricarde {Bn. Somerhill) 


Waterford {E. of Skrewshury) 
Cork [and Orrery] {Bn. Boyle) 
Westmeath {Repres. Peer) 
*Desniond {E. of Denhiyh) 
Meath {Bn. Chaworth) 
Fiugall {Baron F.) 

Drogheda {Repres. Peer) 
Granard {Baron G.) 
*Fitzwilliani, Earl {same in 

Kerry [and Sbelburne] {31. of 
Lansdowne, Sc. Bn. Nairiie) 

*Egmont {Bn. Lovel and 

Bessborougb [Bn. Ponsonhy) \ 
*Carrick [ 
^Shannon {Bn. Carleton) i 
Lanesborough {Repres. Peer) I 
Fife, Earl {Duke of F.) 
*Mornington {D, of Wellington) 
Arran {Bn. Sudley) 
Courtown ( Bn. Saltersford) 
*Milltown [do7-majit] 
Winterton, Earl 
*Howth {Baron H.) 
Sefton {Baron S.) 

Clanwilliam {Baron C.) 
MountCashell, Earl 

44 Antrim 

45 Longford {Bn. Silchesler) 

46 *TortarlLagton 

47 Mayo {Repres. Peer) 

48 Annesley, E'arl {Repres. Peer) 

49 Enniskillen {Bn. Grinsfead) 

50 Erne, Earl [of] {Dn. Fer- 


51 Carj^sfort {Daron C.) 

52 Desart 

53 Wicklow 

54 Clonmell 

55 Leitrim (Bn. Clements) 

56 Lucan {Repres. Peer) 

57 Belmore, Earl [of] {Repres. 


58 *Ai'magb v^. of Cumberland) 

59 Bandon {Repres, Peer) 

60 Castle Stewart, Earl [Earl 


61 Donoughmore ( Visct. Hutchin- 


62 *Caledon [a Ilinor] 

63 Kenmare {Baron K.) 

64 Limerick {Bn. Foxford) 

65 Clancarty {Visct. C.) 

66 Gosford {Bn. Worlingham) 

67 Eosse {Repres. Peer) 

68 Normanton {Bn. Somerton) 
69*Sbeffield {Baron S.) 

70 Kilmorey {Repres. Peer) 

71 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

{Bn. Kenry) 

72 Listowel {Bn. Hare) 

73 Norbuiy 

74 Ranfurly {Baron R.) 


75 Gormanston {Baron G.) 

76 Mountgarrett [-et] 

77 Grandison {E. of J ersey) 

78 *Valentia 

79 Dillon 

80 Lumley {E. of Scarhrough) 

81 *Taaflfe 

82 *Cholmondeley {3farq. of C.) 

83 Charlemont 

84 Downe {B7i. Dawwy) 

85 Moleswortb 

86 Chetwynd 

87 Midleton {Bn. Brodrick) 

88 BojTie {Bn. Brancepeth) 

89 Grimston {E. of Verulam, Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

90 BaiTington {Bn. Shute) 

91 *Gage {Baron G.) 

92 Galway {Bn. 3fo7ickton) 

93 Powerscouii; (U. K. Baron P.) 

94 Ashbrook 

95 *Mountmorres 

96 Southwell 

97 De Vesci 

98 Liflford 

99 Bangor {Repres. Peer) 

100 Clifden {Bn. Mendip) 

101 Doneraile 

102 Harberton 

103 Hawarden {Repres. Peer, also 

U. K. Earl de 3Iojitalt) 

104 [*Massereene and] Ferrard 

{Bn. Oriel) 

105 Monck {Baron 31.) 

106 *Avonmore 

107 Templetown {Repres. Peer) 

108 *■ Frankfort de Montmorency 

109 Gort [a Minor] 
no Guillamore 


111 Kingsale, Bn. of 

112 Trimleston [-town] 

113 Dunsany, Bn. of 
il4Dunboyne, Bn. of {Repres. 


115 Louth, B71. of 

116 Inchiquin, Bn. of {Repres. 


117 *Digby {same title in Gt. Br.) 

118 *Sherard 

119 Conway {31. of Hertford) 

120 *Carbery [a Ilinor] 

121 *Aylmer 

122 Famham 

123 *Lisle 

124 *Clive {E. of Powis) 

125 Mulgrave {31. of Normanhy) 

126 Newborough 

127 Macdonald 

128 ^Kensington {same titleV. K.) 

129 *Westcote {Visct. Cobham) 

130 Massy {Repres. Peer) 

131 Muskerry {Repres. Peer) 

132 Hood {Viscf. H.) 

133 Muncaster {same title U. K.) 

134 Auckland {same title Gt. Br.) 

135 KUmaine {Repres. Peer) 

Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls, 


136 Cloncurry {same title U. K.) 

137 Clonbrook {Eepres. Peer) 

138 Waterpark 

139 '* Graves 

140 *Bridport {Visct. B.) 

141 *Huntiiigfi6ld 

142 *Camngton {Earl 0.) 

143 Rossmoi'e {same title V. K.) 

144 Hotham 

145 Cremorne {K of Dartrey) 

146 Headley {Repres. Peer) 

147 Teigmnoutli 

148 Crofton {Repres. Peer) 

149 Ffrench 

150 Henley {Bn. Northlngton) 

151 Langford {Repres. Peer) 
132 De Blaquiere 

153 Dufferin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] {31. of Dufferin 
and Ava) 

154 Henniker {Bn. Hartismere) 

155 Ventry {Repres. Peer) 

156 *Wallscourt 

157 Dunalley {Repres. Peer) 

158 Clanmorris 

159 Eadstock 

160 Ashtown • 
i6x Clarina 

162 * Gardner 
U. K.) 

{vacant— same title 

163 Rendlesham 

164 Castlemaine {Repres-, Peer) 

165 Decies 

166 Garvagh 

167 Talbot of MalaHide' {l^alb. de 


168 *Carew {same title in tJ.K.) 

169 Oranmore and Browne^ Bn. of 

{Repres. Peer) 

170 Dunsandle and Clan. Conal 

171 Bellew {Repres, Peer) 

172 Fermoy 

173 *Atlilunmey {Bn. Meredyth) 

174 Ratbdonnell {Repres. Peer) 

175 *Curzon of Kedleston 


*#* The letter " S." prefixed to the index figures denotes the Scottish Peerage "I." the Irish ; all others are of 
the House of Lords. Peeresses (Imperial) are referred to by bracketing the two Nos. between which they fall. 



Aberoorn, M. of, 36 ; E. of 

S. 28 ; D. of, I. 2 
Abercromby, Bn., 348 
Aberdare, Bn., 468 
Aberdeen, E. of, S. 50 
Abergavenny, M. of, 49 
Abingdon, E. of, 74 
Abinger, Bn., 396 
Acton, Bn., 461 
Addington, Bn., 533 
Ailesbury, M. of, 44 
Ailsa, M. of, 46 
Airlie, E. of, S. 40 
Albany, H.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 76 
Aldenham, Bn., 564 
Alington, Bn., 478 
AUerton, Bn., 592 
Alverstone, Bn., 589 
Amherst, Earl, 157 
Amherst of H., Bn., 
Ampthill, Bn., 490 
Ancaster, E. of, 192 
; Anglesey, M. of, 42 
Annaly, Bn., 440 
Annesley, Earl, 124, 
Antrim, E. of, I. 44 
Arbuthnott, Visct., S. 60 
Ardilaun, Ba., 486 
Argyll, D. of, 30, S. 5 
Armaurh, E.of, I. 58 
, Armstrong, Bn., 6oo 
Arran, E. of, I. 32 
Arundell of W., Bn., 281 
I Ashbourne, Bn., 510 
Ashbrook, Visct. 1. 94 
Ashburnham, E. of, 98 
lAshburton, Ba., 398 
lAshcombe, Bn., 540 
Ashton, Bn., 559 

ishtown, Bn., I. 160 
' Itblumney, Bn., I. 173 

itholl, D. of, S. 6 

iuckland, Bn., 324, 1. 134 

ivebury, Bn., 585 

\.vonmore, Visct., I. 106 

Vylesford, E. of, 92 

iylmer, Bn., I. 121 
i Bagot, Bn., 309 
\ ialfour of B., Bn., 293, S. 
1 76 

ialinhard, Bn., 457 
3andon, E. of, 127, 1. 55 
1 iangor. Bp. of, 261 
iangor, Visct., 207, 1. 99 
iamard, Bn., 288 
Harrington, Visct., I. 90 

Barrymore, Bn., 593 
Basing, Bn., 530 
Bateman, Bn., 404 
Bath, M. of, 35 
Bath and W., Bp. of, 253 
Bathurst, Earl, no 
Battersea, Bn., 548 
Beauchamp, Earl, 150 
Beaufort, D. of, 13 
Beaumont, Bnss. [267— 

Bedford, D. of, 16 
Belliaven and S., Bn., 294, 
S. 82 

Bellew, Bn., 421, I. 171 
Belmore, E. of, 126, I. 57 
Belper, Bn., 427 
Berkeley, Bnss. [270—1] 
Berkeley, E. of, 73 
Berners, Bnss. [270—1] 
Berwick, Bn., 314 
Bessborough. E. of, I. 26 
Biddulph, Bn., 598 
Blythswood, Bn., 541 
Bolingbroke and St. 

Visct., 201 
Bolton, Bn., 332 
Borthwick, Bn., S. 71 
Boston, Bn., 301 
Botreaux, Bn. 269 
Bowes, Bn., 526 
Boyle, Bn., 295 
Boyne, Visct., I. 88 
Brabourne. Bn., 489 
Bradford, E. of, 149 
Brampton, Bn., 581 
Brancepeth, Bn., 448 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Bn., 523 
Braybrooke, Bn., 320 


Braye, Bn., 274 
Breadalbane, M. of, 


E. of, S, 
Bridport, Visct., 223 ; Bn., 

I. 140 
Bristol, Bp. of, 259 
Bristol, M. of, 45 
Brodrick, Bn., 329 
Brooke, Earl, loi 
Brougham & V., Bn., 436 
Brownlow, Earl, 146 
Buccleuch & Q.,D. of, S. 3 
Buchan, E. of, S. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of, 

Burdett-Coutts, Bnss. 


Burghclere, Bn., 560 1 
Burnham, Bn., S97 
Burton, Bn., 521 
Bute, M. of, 38 ! 
Bj'ron, Bn., 285 j 
Cadogan, Earl, 118 
Cairns, Earl, 183 
Caithness, E. of, S. 22 
Caledon, E. of, I. 62 
Calthorpe, Bn., 330 
Camden, Marq., 41 
Camoys, Bn., 270 
Camperdown, E.. of, 160 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 218 
Carbery, Bn., I. 120 
Carew, Bn., 407, I. i63 
Carleton, Bn., 317 
Carlisle, E. of, 70 
Carnarvon, E. of, 117 
Carnwath, E. of, 85, S. 41 
Carrick, E. of, I. 27 
Carrington, Earl, 193; Bu., 
I. 142 

Carysfort, Bn., 347 ; E. of, 
I- 51 

Cassillis, E. of, S. 21 
Castlemaine, Bn., 357»I-i64 
Castlestewart, Earl, I. 6o 
Castletown, Bu., 460 
Cathcart, Earl, 144, S. 65 
Cavan, E. of, I. 19 
Cawdor, Earl, 158 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 83 
Chaworth, Bn., 388 
Chelmsford, Bn., 431 
Chesham, Bn., 430 
Chester, Bp. of, 248 
Chesterfield, E. of, 67 
Chetwynd, Visct., I. 86 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 532 
Chichester, Bp. of, 242 
Chichester, E. of, 132 



ClifTord of C, Bn., 286 
Clifton, Bnss. [281—2] 
Clinton, Bn., 266 
Clive, Bn., I. 124 
Clonbrock, Bn., 340, I. 
Cloncurry, Bn., 393, I. 
Clonmell, E. of, I. S4 
Cobham, Visct., 202 
Colchester, Bn., 362 
Coleridge, Bn., 470 
Colville of C, Vise, 

Bn., S. 74 
Combermere, Visct. 
Congleton, Bn., 428 
Connaught & S., H.R.H. 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., I. 119 
Conyers, Buss. [271—2] 
Conyngliam, Marq., I. 10 
Cork and O., E. of, J. 14 
Cottenham, E. of, 173 
Cottesloe, Bn., 472 
Courtown, E. of, I. 33 
Coventry, E. of, 77 
Cowley, Earl, 174 
Cowper, Earl, 93 
Cranbrook, E. of, 191 
Cran worth, Bn., 582 
Craven, E. of, 129 
Crawford & B., E. of, S. 

Craw Shaw, Bn., 542 
Cremorne, Bn., I. 145 
Crewe, E. of, 194 
Crofton, Bn., 342, 1. 148 
Cromartie, Cfcss.of [177—8] 
Cromer, E. of, 198 
Cross, Visct., 227 
i Cumberland & T., H.R.H. 

D. of, 25 
I Carrie, Bn., 579 
iCurzon of K., Bn., I. 175 
Dalhousie, E. of, S. 39 

Cholmondeley, M. of, 43; Darcy de Knayth, Bni 

Visct., I. 82 
Churchill, Vise, 236 
Churston, Bn., 432 
Clancarty, Visct., 216; ] 

of, I. 65 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 158 
Clanricarde, M. of, I. 12 
Clan William, Bn., 381 

of, I. 42 
Clarendon, E. of, 112 
Clarina, Bn., I. 161 
Clements, Bn., 386 
Clifdeu, Visct., I. loo 


IDarnley, E. of, I. 24 
I Dartmouth, E. of, 90 
Dartrey, E. of, 179 . 
Davey, Bn., 556 
Dawnay, Bn., 570 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I. 152 
Decies, Bn., 1. 165 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 265 
De Freyne, Bn., 423 
Delamere, Bn., 369 
De La Warr, Earl, 107 
De L'Isle and D., Bn., 397 


: De Mauley, Bn., 408 ; 
i De Montalt (de M.), Bftrl,,! 
i 189 I 
. Denbigh, E. of, 63 i 
1 Denmaii, Bn., 39,5 j 
I Deramore, Bn„ 5:2 1 
I De Ramsey, Bn,, sji i 
1 Derby, S. of, 57 ! 
i De Eos (de R.), Bn,, 262 i 
; Derwent, Bn., 494 I 
\ Depa.rt, E. of, 1. 52 | 
! Desmond, B. of, 1. 16 
De Sanmarez, Bn., 394 
De Vesci (de V.), Yisct., I.l 
! 97 ■ I 
I Devon, E. of, 60 ! 
I Devonshire, D. of, 17 j 
I Digby, Bn., 304lI- -^7 \ 
I Dillon, Visct., 1. 79 1 
! Dingwall, Bn., S. 7S 1 
I Doncaster, E. of, 71 | 
i Donegall, M. of, I. 5 i 
j Doneraile, Visct., 1. loi 
i Donoiighmore, E. of, I. 61 1 
I Dorchester, Bnss. [582—3]; 
i Dormer, Bn., 282 ; 
1 Douglas, Bn., 474 
I Downe, Visct., 1. 84 | 
i Dow^nshire, M. of, 1. 4 i 
1 Drogheda, E. of, 121, I. 20 ; 
' Ducie, E. of, 165 ' 
Diidley, E. of, 176 ; 
Dufferin & Ava, M. of, 51 ; i 
D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. : 
153 i 
Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 351 
Dunalley, Bn., 345. 1- iS7 i 
Dunblane, Visct., S. 61 j 
DunbojTie, Bn., 335, I. 114 I 
Dundonald, E. of, 88, S. 46; 
Dnnleath, Bn., 545 I 
Dunmore, Bn., 389 ; E. of,! 

S. 51 ^ I 

Dunning, Bn., 450 
Dunraven & Mt. E., E. of,l 
I. 71 i 
Dunsandle& Clan C, Bn., 
1. 170 

Bunsany, Bn., I. 113 
Durham, Bp. of, 239 
Durham, E. of, 162 
Dynevor, Bn., 307 
Dysart, E. of, S. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 429 
Etnngham, E. of, 164 
Egerton of T., Earl, 195 
Egllnton & W., E. of, «. 2c 
E,i:mont, E. of, I. 25 
Eldon, E. of, 151 
Elgin, Bn., 422 ; E. of E. 

and Kinc, S. 36 
Elibank, Bn., S. 81 
Elienborough, Bn., 349 
EUesmere, E. of, 171 
Elphinstone, Bn.. 514, S 

Ely, Bp. of, 247 

Ely, M. of, I. 8 

Emly, Bn., 471 

Enniskillen, E. of, I. 49 

Erne, E. of, I. 50 

En-oll, E. of, S. 14 

Erskine, Bn., 352 

Esher, Visct., 231 

Essex, E. of, 69 

Estcourt, Bn., 599 

Ettrick, Bn., 466 

Exeter, M. of, 39 

Exmouth, Visct., 214 

Fairfax of C, Bn., S. 78 

Fairlie, Bn., 5C9 

Falkland, Visct., 20?, S. 5! 
I Falmouth, Visct., 203 
I Farnham, Bn., I. 122 

Fartjuhar, Bn., 576 

Farrer, Bn., 550 

Fauconbei'g ftnd ConyerSj 

Bnss. [271 ---3} 
Fermanagh, Bn., 476 
Fermoy, Bn., I. 172 
Ferrers, Earl, 89 
feversham, E. of, iSo 
FIrcnch, Bn., I. 149 
Field, Bn., 53= 

llawkesbnry, Bn., 553 
Hay, Bn., 296 
Headfoi-t, M. of, I. 6 
Headley, Bn., 341, 1. 146 
Heneage, Bn., 565 
IJonley, Bn., I. 150 
flennikei", Bn., I. 154 
Hereford, Bp. of, 254 

Fife, D. of, 29; Ear!, I. 30 I Hereford, Visct., 199 
Fingall,Bn.,384;E.of,I.i8|Herries, Bn., 502, S. 68 

Fisherwick, Bn., 321 
Fitzliardingc, Bn., 439 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 103,1.22 
Foley, Bn., 306 
Forbes, Bn., 289, S. 62 
Forester, Bn., 370 
Forrestei', Bn., S. 80 
Fortescue, Earl, 116 
Foxford, Bn., 360 
Frankfort de M., Visct., 
I, 108 

Gage, Bn., 322 ; Visct., 1. 91 
Gainsborough, E. of, 170 
Galloway, E. of, S. 30 
Gahvay, Visct., I. 9. 

IlerschoU, Bn., 515 
Hertford, M . of, 37 
Heytesbury, Bn., 379 
llill, Visct., 219 
Hillingdon, Bn., 516 
Hillsborough, E. of, 11 
Hindlip, Bn., 517 
Hobhouse, Bn., 508 
HolmPatrick, En., 573 
[Home, E. of, S. 25 
Hood, Visct., 206; Bn., 
i 132 

iHopetoun, E. of, 57 
iJIotham, Bn., I. 144 
Hothlield, Bn., 49s 

Gardner, Bn. (dormant), ! Howard de W., Bn., 27S 

, 355, I- 162 
jGarvagh, Bn., I. 166 
i Gerard, Bn., 480 
, Gilford, Bn., 373 
'Glamisk, Bn., 5S0 
; Glasgow, E. ot, S. 56 
jGlenesk, Bn., 563 
; Gloucester, Bp. of, 241 
i Gordon, Visct., 213 
jGorraanston, Bn., 453 ; 
I Visct., I. 75 
jGort, Visct., I. 109 
jGoschen, Visct., 234 
IGosford. E. of, I. 66 
[Gough, Visct., 221 
[Grafton, D. of, 12 
I Graham, Earl, 96 
Granard, 'Bn., 

! 1. 21 

jGrandison, Visct., I. 7; 
Grantley, Bn., 311 
Granville, Earl, 163 
Graves, Bn., I. 139 
Gray, Bnss., S. 64 
Grenl'ell, Bn., 554 
iGreville, Bn., 463 
I Grey, Earl, 139 
Grey dell., Bn., 26S 
Grimaton, Visct., I. 89 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 518 
Grinstead, Bn., 359 
Guilford, E. of, 104 

Ouillaniore, Visct., I. i ^_ _ _ , 

Gwydyr, Bn., 331 Kingston, E. of, I. 38 

Haddington, E. of, 83, S.29! Kinloss, Bnss., S. 73 

i Howard of G., Bn., 459 
I Howe, Earl, 152 
IHowfch, Bn., 492; E. of, I 
I 37 

[Huntingdon, E. of, 58 
j Kuntingfield, Bn., 1. 141 
jHuntly, M. of, S. 9 
i Hutchinson, Visct., 215 
IHylton, Bn., 446 
llddesleigh, E. of, 18S 
{Ochester, E. of, 106 
llncliiquin, Bn., 336, I 
jlnnes. Earl, 167 
1 Inverclyde, Bn., 573 
! Iveagh, Bn., 536 
I James of II., Bn., 561 
I Jersey, E. of, 78 
354; E. of, j Kelvin, Bn., 539 
I Kenlis, Bn., 387 
Kenmare, Bn., 426 ; I 

Kenry, Bn., 443 

iLeven & M„E. of, 86, 8. 

1 42 

1 Lichfield, Bp. of, 251 
[Lichfield, E. of, 16 r 
ILiftbrd, Visct., I. 98 
iLilford, Bn., 333 
j Limerick, E. of, I. 64 
Lincoln, Bp. of', 245 
Lindley, Bn., 586 
Lindsay, E. ot", S. 32 
[Lindsey, E. of, 64 
I Linden, Bn., ; 09 
'Linlithgow, M. of, 53 
iLisburne, E. of, L 41 
! Lisle, Bn., I. 123 
j Lister, Bn., 56S 
iListowel, E. of. I. 72 
ILlandafr, Bp. of, 243 
Llandaff, Visct., 230 
Llangattock, Bn., 546 
Loch, Bn., 557 
Loftus, Bn., 346 
Londesborough, E.of, 190 
London, Bp. of, 238 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of, I. 45 
Lonsdale, E. of, 140 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
[Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
I Louth, Bn., I. 115 
Lovat, Bn., 403, S. 70 
I Lovelace, E. of, 169 
ILovel & H., Bn., 302 
Lucan, E. of, 125, I. 56 
! Ludlow, Bn., 571 
ILumley, Visct., I. So 
ILurgan, Bn., 415 
16 Lytton, E. of, 184 
iLyveden, Bn., 435 
[Macclesfield, E. of, 95 
jMacdonald, Bn., I. 127 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 
i [538-9] 

jMacnaghten, Bn., 525 
' Magheramornc, Bn., 529 
of,':Malmesbuiy, E. of, 119 
i Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 356 

Kensington, Bn., 520, 1. i28iManners of H., Bn., 287 

Kenyon, Bn., 319 
Ker, Bn., 363 
Kerry & 8., E. of, \. 23 
Kcsteven, Bn., 449 
Killanin, Bn., 587 
Kilmaine, Bn., 339, 1. 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 383 
Kilmorey, E. of, 155, I- 7^ I 

j Kimberley, E. of, 
Kingsale, Bn., I. t 


Mansfield. E. of, 113 
Manvers, Earl, 137 
Mar, E. of, 80, S. 16 
Mar & K., E. of, 82, S. 24 
xMarlborough, D. of, 18 
Masham, Bn., 538 
Massereene & F., Visct., 

iHaldon, Bn., 
iHaliburton, Bn., 573 
[Halifax, Visct., 222 
•Ilalsbury, E. of, 196 
Hambleden, Visctsa. [227 

Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of D., Bn., 522 
Hampden, Visct., 225 
Hampton. Bn., 473 
Harberton, Visct., I. 102 
Hardinge, Visct., 220 
Hardwicke, E. of, 105 
Hare, Bn., 458 
Harewood, E. of, 142 
Harlech, Bn., 477 
Harrington, E. of, 99 
(Harris, Bn., 361 
lllarrowby, E. of, 141 
iHartismere, Bn., 445 
I Hastings, Bn., 264 
Hatherton, Bn., 399 
Hawarden, Visct., 208, I. 

Hawke, Bn., 305 

, Bn., 487' 
igh, E. of, I 

Kinnaird, Bn., 437, S. 86 
Kinnear, Bn., 56? 
Kinnoull, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 590 
Kintore, Bn., 405; E. of, 
S. 47 

Kitchener of K.,Viset., 234 
Knoliys, Bn., 59s 
Knutsford, Visct., 229 
Lamington, Bn 
Lanesboroui ' 
I. 29 

Langford, Bn., 343, 1- 151 
Lansdovaie, M. of, 32 
Lathom, E. of, 185 
Lauderdale, E. of, 84, S. 31 
Lawrence, Bn., 455 
Leconfield, Bn., 433 
Leeds, D. of, 15 
Leicester, E. of, 168 
Leigh, Bn., 413 
Leinster, Visct., 205 

of, I. I 
Leitrim, E. of, T. 55 
Lennox, D. of, S. 4 

j Massy, Bn., 337. I- 130 
iMayo, E. of. 123, \. 47 
[Meath, E. of, 1. 17 
iMeldrum, Bn., 358 
Melfort, Ctss. of, S. 50 
! Melville, Visct., 210 
jMendip, Bn., 325 
Meredyth, Bn., 442 
Methuen, Bn., 411 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 35 
Middleton. Bn., 297 
Midieton, Visct., 1. 87 
Milltown, E. of (dormt.), 
I. 34 

Milner, Visct., 237 
Minster, Bn., 364 
Minto, E. of, 143 
Moiesworth, Visct., I. 85 
Monck, Bn., 444; Visct., 

I. 105 
Monckton, Bn., 527 
Moncreiir, Bn., 469 
Monk Bretton, Bn., 499 
Monkswell, Bn., 507 
iMonson, Bn., 298 
D. 'Montagu of B., Bn., 513 
IMoutEagle, Bn., 353 
Monteagle of B., Bn., 416 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 

Index to Rolls — Roman Catholic Peen 

\ Moray, E. of, S. 23 
j Morley, E. of, 148 

Moriiington, E. of, I. 31 
I Morton, E. of, 81, S. 18 
i Mostyn, Bn., 391 
; MountCashell, Earl, I. 43 

Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 

Moiintgarret, Visct., I. 76 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 95 
Mount Stephen, Bn., 537 
Mowbray, Bn., 263 
Mulgrave, Bn., I. 125 
Muncaster, Bn., 577, 1. 133 
Munster, E. of, 159 
Muskerry, Bn., 338, 1. 131 
Nairne, Bn., S. 85 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 452 
Napier of March., Bn., 466, 

Nelson, Earl, 135 
Newborough, Bn., I. 126 
Newburgh, E. of, S. 45 
Newcastle, D. of, 23 
Newlands. Bn., 575 
Newton, Bn., 544 
Norbury, E. of, 1. 73 
Norfolk, D. of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 47 
Norman ton, E. of, I. 63 
North, Bn., 276 
Northampton, M. of, 40 
Northbourne, Bn., =;oo 
Northbrook, E. of, 182 
Northcote, Bn., 584 
Northesk. E. of, 87, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., S04 
^Torthumberland, t). of, : 

I Norton, Bn., 483 

i Norwich, Bp. of, 352 

I O'Brien, Bn., 588 

j O'Hagan, Bn., 464 

I O'Neill, Bn., 451 

j Ouslow, E. of, 133 

1 Oranmore&B., Bn., 403, 

1 169 

I Or ford, E. of, 138 
I Oriel, Bn., 368 
Orkney, E. of, S. 52 

Portman, Visct., 224 
Portsmouth, E. of, ioo 
Poulett, Ear], 79 
Power scourt, Bn., 503 ; 

Visct., I. 93 
Powi.«, E. of, 134 
Qvieensberry, M. of, S. 10 
Radnor, E. of, 108 
Radstock, Bn., I. 159 
Eaglan, Bn., 425 
Ramsay, Bn., 475 
Ranfurly, Bn., 376; E. of, 

I. 74 

Rathdonnell, Bn., 454, I. 

Rathmore, Bn., 562 
Ravensworth, Bn., 371 
Rayleigh, Bn., 373 
Reay, Bn., 453, S. 79 
Redesdale, Bn., 596 
Rendel, Bn., 554 
Rendlesliam, Bn., I. 163 
Revelstoke, Bn., 506 
Ribblesdale, Bn.. 334 
Richraond&G., D. of, II 
Ridley, Visct., 233 
Ripon, Bp. oi', 244 
Ripon, M. of, 48 
Roberts, Earl, 197 


I Ormathwaite, Bn., 450 
I Ormonde, Bn., 365 ; M. 
I I. II 
' Overtoun, Bn., 551 
I Oxenfoord, Bn., 418 

Peel, Visct., 228 
I Pembroke & M., E. of, 5c 
i Penrhyn, Bn.. 447 
I Perth, E. of, S. 26 

Peterborough, Bp. of, 257 

Petre, Bn., 279 

Playfair, Bn., 547 

Plunket, Bn., 378 

Polthnore, Bn., 390 

Polwarth, Bn., S. 87 

Ponsonby, Bn., 299 

Portarlington, E. of, I. 46 

Portland, D. of, 21 

Robertson, Bn, 
Rochester, Bp. of, 
Roden, E. of, I. 41 
Rodney, Bn., 312 
Rollo, Bn., S. 83 
Romilly, Bn., 441 
Romney, E. of, 131 
Rosebery, Bn., 3S0 
S- 55 

Rosmead, Bn., 566 
Rosse, E. of. 136, 1. 67 
Rosslyn, E. of, 128 
Rossmore, Bn., 406; I. 
Rothes, E. of, S. 17 
Rothsay, D. of, S. i 
Rothschild, Bn., 505 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 
Russell, Earl, 177 
Ruthven, Bn., S. 84 
Rutland, D. of, 19 
Sackville, Bn., 481 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 256 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 249 
St. David's, 258 
St. Germans, E. of, 147 
St. John of B., Bn., 277 
St. Leonards, Bn., 424 
St. Levan, Bn., 528 
St. Oswald, Bn., 511 
St. Vincent, Visct., 209 
Salisbury, Bp. of, 246 
Salisbury, M. of, 34 
Saltersford, Bn., 328 
Saltoun, Bn., 290, S. 63 
Sandhiirst, Bn., 465 
Sandmch, E. of, 68 
Sandys, Bn., 350 

E. of, 

Savile, Bn., 534 
Saye & S., Bn., 280 
Scarbrough, E. of, 75 
Scarsdale, Bn., 300 
Seafleld, E. of, S. 53 
Seaton, Bn., 417 
Sefton, Bn., 385 ; E. of, 1. 39 
iSelborne, E. of, 187 
Sempill, Bn., S. 67 
Shaftesbury, E. of, 72 
Shannon, E. of, I. 28 
Sheffield, Bn., 351; E. of, 
I. 69 

Sherard, Bn., I. 118 
Sherborne, Bn., 315 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 56 
Shute, Bn., 483 
Shuttleworth, Bn., 591 
Sidmouth, Visct., 211 
Silchester, Bn., 367 
Sinclair, Bn., 291, S. 66 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerhil], Bn., 374 
Somers, Bn., 313 
Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 467 
Sondes, Earl, 186 
Southampton, Bn., 310 
Southesk, E. of, S. 37 
Southwell, Bp. of, 247 
Southwell, Visct., I. 96 
Spencer, Earl, 109 
Stafford, Bn., 284 
Stair, E. of, S. 54 
Stalbridge, Bn., 519 
Stamford, E. of, 65 
Stanhope, Earl, 94 
Stanley of A., En., 412 
Stanmore, Bn., 553 
Stewart of G., Bn., 327 
Stormont, Visct., S. 59 
Stradbroke, E. of, 153 
iStraltbrd, E. of, 172 
I Strange, Earl, 1 14 
IStratheona & Mt. R., Bn., 
I 574 

\ Stratheden & C. Bn., 401 
' Strathmore & K., E. of, S. 

I 27 

Strathspey, Bn., 49S 
Stuart of Castle S., Bn.. 326 
Sudeley, Bn., 410 
Sudley, Bn., 501 
Suffield, Bn., 318 
Sutfolk&B., E.of, 61 
Sutherland, D. of, 27; E. 

of, S. 15 
Swanfsea, Bn., =;49 
Taaff-e, Visct., 1. 82 
Talbot deM. Bn., 428; T. 

of M., Bn., I. 167 
Tankerville, E. ot, 91 
Teignmouth, Bn., 1. 147 
Temple of S., Earl, 154 
Templemore, Bn., 392 
Templetown, Visct., 212, T. 

Tennyson, Bn., 497 
Tenterden, Bn., 377 
Teynham, Bn., 283 
Thring, Bn., 524 
Thurlow, Bn., 333 
Tollemache, Bn., 479 
Torphichen, Bn., 292, S. 72 
Torrington, Visct., 304 
Towiashend, Marq., 33 
Tredegar, Bn., 434 
Trevor, Bn., 488 
Trimlestown, Bn., I. 112 
Truro, Bp. of, 250 
TAveeddale, Bn., 491 ; M. 

of, S. II 
Tweedmouth, Bn., 496 
Tyrone, Bn., 316 
Valentia, Visct., I. 78 
Vane, Earl, 156 
Vaux of H., Bn., 272 
Ventry, Bn., 344. 1. I55 
Vernon, Bn., 303 
Verulam, E. of, 145 
Vivian, Bn., 419 
Wakefield, Bp. of, 260 
Wales, II.R.H. Prince of, i 
Waldegrave, Earl, 07 
Wallscourt, Bn., I. 15S 
Walsingham, Bn., 30S 
Wandsworth, Bn., 558 
WarATOilc, E. of, loi 
W"aterford, E. of, I. 13 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark, Bn., f. 138 
Welby, Bn., 555 
Vv'ellington, D. of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 366; E. of 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wenlock, Bn., 414 
Wcntworth, Bn., 273 
Westbury, Bn., 43S 
Westcote, Bn., I. 129 
Westmeath, E. of, 120. \. i^ 
Westminster, D. of. 2S 
Westmorland, E. of, 63 
Wharncliffe, E. of, 181' 
Wicklow, E. of, I. 53 
Wigan, Bn., 375 
Willoughby deB., Bn., 271 
Wilton, E. of, 133 
Wimbome, Bn., 485 
Winchester, Bp. of, 240 
Winchester, M. of, 31 
Winchilsea & N., E. of, 66 
Windsor, Bn„ 275 
Winterton, Earl, I. 36 
Winton,iE. of, 175 
V/olseley, Viset., 23.G 
Wolverton, Bn., 463 
Worlingham, Bn., 400 
Wrottesle.y, Bn., 409 
Wynford, Bn., 382 
Yarborough, E. of, 166 
York, Abp. of, 6 
Zetland, M. of, 52 
Zjuche of H., Bn,, 267 




DuU —Norfolk. 
Marqiiesses.~'Q\xiQ, Ripon. 

£'a7-?s.— Abingdon, Ashburnliam, Denbigh, Fingall, GaiRsboroiigb, Granard, Kenmai-e, Newburgh, 

r/scoMw^s,— Gormanston, Llandaff, South-well, Taaffe. 

Barons. — Kdiora., Arandell of Wardour, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Brarapton, Braye, Camoys, 
Clifford of Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emly, Ffrench, Gerard, Herries, Howard of 
Glossop, Killanin, Louth, Lovat, Mowbray and Stourton, North, O'Brien, O'Hagan, 
Petre, Stafford, Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden. 




The niimerous Scottish and Irish Peers notieed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their "native " 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given in 
division lists of the House of Lords, and in a majority of instances, thoiigh far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former. The higher title, which is naturally 
the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table. 

(i) Scottish and Irish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents. 

A bercoiii, D. of. It. \ a v,„»^ -m „* 

Abercorn, E. of, Sc. J Abercorn, M. of 
Aberdeen, E. o/, Sc. . " ' 

Argyll, D. of, Sc. ... 
Armagh, E. of, Ir. . . 

Gordon, V. 
The same 
H.R.H. D. of 

Arran, E.oflx Sudley, B. 

Athlumney, B.,Ir Meredyth, E. 

Atholl, D. of, Sc Strange, E. 

Auckland, B., Ir The same 

Barrington, V., Ir Shute, B. 

i Bessborough, E.of, Ir Ponsonby, B, 

! Boyne, V., Ir Biancepeth, B. 

I Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. Breadalbane, M. of. 

I Bridport, B., /»•. Bridport, V. 

\ Buccleuch dc Queensberry, D. Doncaster, E. of 
I of. Sc. 

I Carew, B.,Ir The same 

I Carrington, B.,/r Carrington.Earl 

' Carysfort, E. of, Ir Carysfort, B. 

C'assillis, E. of, Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, B., Sc - Cathcart, Earl 

Cholmondeley, Y., Ir Cholmondeley, M. of 

Clancarty, E. of, Ir Clancarty, V. 

Clanricarde, M. of, Ir Somerhill, B. 

Clanwilliam.E. of, Ir Clanwilliam, B. 

Clifdeuf v., It Mendip, B. 

Clive, B.,Ir Powis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B., Ir The same 

Colville(ofCulro93), B., Sc... Colville of Culroas, V. 

Conway. B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Cunyngham, Marq., Ir Minster, B. 

Cork J Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Courtown, E. of, Ir Saltersford, B. 

! Crawford <& Balcarres, E. Wigan, B. 
of, Sc. 

Cremorne, B., Ir Dartrey, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of, Sc Kamsay, B. 

Desmond, E. of. Ir Denbigh, E. of 

I Digby, B., Ir The same 

Dingwall, B., Sc Coivper, Earl 

Donegall, M. of, Ir Eisherwick, B. 

Donoughmore, E. of, Ir. . . . Hutchinson, V. 

Downe, F., Ir. j Dawnay, B. 

Doivnshire, M. of,Ir Hillsborough, E. of 

Dufferin & Claneboye, B.,Ir. Duferin <& Ava, M. of 
\ Dumbliine [?Dun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, D. of 
\ Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, M. of 

i Dunmore, E. of, Sc Dunmore, B. 

\ Dunraven <t Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
I of, Ir. 

Eg Union f&Winton, E. of, Sc. Winton, E. of 

! Egmont, E. of, Ir Lovel & Holland, , 

i Elgin <Sb Kincardine, E. of, Elgin, B. 

Elphinstone, B.,Sc The same 

Ely, M.oflr Loftus, B, 

Enniskillen, E. o/, Ir Grinstead, B. 

Erne, E.of, Ir Fermanagh, B. 

Erroll, E.ofSc Kilmarnock, B. 

Fife, Earl, //• Fife, D. of 

Fingall, E.of, It Fmgall, B. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., Sc Vei-ulam, E. op 

Gage, V.,It Gage, B. 

Galloway, E.ofSc ; . Stewart of Garliea, B 

Galway, V.,Ir Moncktou, B. 

Gardner, B., Ir The same 

Glasgow, E. of, Sc FairUe, B. 

Gormanston, K., Ir Gormanston. 

Gosford, E.of, It Worlingham^ B^. 

I Granard, E. of, Ir Granaixt, B> 


Grandison, V., 7r Jersey, E, of 

Grimston, V., /?• Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of , Sc Brandon, D. of (Hamilton & 


Hawarden, Y..Ir De Montalt, Earl 

Headfort, if. 6/, Ir Kenlis, B. ^ 

Henley, B.,It Northington, B. 

Henniker, B.,Ir Hartismere, B. 

, Herries, J5., Sc The same 

Home, E. of, Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood, B.,Ir Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, Sc Linlithgow, M. of 

! Hoivth, E. of, Ir Howth, B. 

i Huntly, M. of, Sc Meldrum, B. 

I Kenmare, E. of, Ir Kenmare, B. 

i Kensington, B.,Ir The same 

\ Kerry & Shelburne, E, of, Lansdoivne, M. 
I Ir. 

I Kinnaird, B.,8c The same 

I Kinnoull, E. of, Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E.ofSc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, B. of, Ir Leinster, V. 

\ Leitrim, E.of,lT Clements. .B. , , „ ^ 

! Lennox, D. of , Sc Richmond £ Goi'don), D. of 

Limerick, E. of, Ir Foxford, B. 

Liatowel. E. of, Ir Hare, B, 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir Vane, Earl 

Longford, E. of, Ir Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M. of, Sc Ker B. 

Loudoun, E. of, Sc Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B.,Sc The same 

Lumley, \.,Ir Scarbrongh, E. of 

Massereene de Ferrard, V. Oriel, B. 

Meath, E.ofiT Chaworth, B. 

Midleton, V.,It Brodrick, B. 

Monck, v.. It Monck, B. 

Montrose, D.of,Sc Graham, Earl 

Moray, E. of, Sc Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir Wellington, D. of 

Mulgrave, B^Ir Normanhy, M. of 

Muncaster, B.,It The same 

Nairne, B., Sc Lansdowne, M. of 

Napier, B..SC Ettrick, B. (Napier & 


Normanton, E. of, Ir Somerton, B. 

Ormonde, M. of. It Ormonde, B. 

Powerscourt, V.,Ir Powerseourt, B. 

Ranfurly, E. of, Ir Ranfurly, B. 

Reay, B.,Sc The same 

Rollo, B.,Sc Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E. of, Sc Rosebery, B, 

Rossmore, B.,Ir The same. 

Rothsay, D. of, Sc Wales, H.R.H , Prince of 

Roxburghe, B. o/, Sc Innes, Earl 

Seatield, E. of, Sc Strathspey, B. 

Sefton, E.of, Ir Sefton, B. 

Shannon, E. of, Ir Carleton, B. 

Sheffield, E. of, Ir Sheffield, B. 

Sligo, M. of, Ir MontEagle, B. 

Southesk, E.of,8c Balinhard, B. 

Stai7; E.of, So Oxenfoord, B. 

Stormont, V., Sc Mansdeld, E. 

Sirathmore (dKinghorne), E. Bowes, B. 
of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of , Sc Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot of Malahlde, B., Ir. . Talbot de Malahide, B. 

Tweeddale, M. of, Sc Tweeddale, B. 

Waterford, E. of, /r Shrewsbury (& Talbot), E. of 

Waterford, M. of, Ir Tyrone, B. 

Wemyss de March, E. of. Sc. W-rayss, B. 
Westcote, B , Ir Cchhxm, V. 

Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 


There are thus in the preceding list 84 Irish titles of a total 175 in the Irish Peerage, 
and 51 Scottish of a total 87. There are several among the names, however, that should 
be regarded as those of English nobles who have come also into possession of Scottish or 
Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess of Lansdowne, and the Earl of 
Verulam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to Imperial titles, as the list that 
follows will more readily exhibit. It may be added that the list given in the Almanack 
corresponds with the preceding table only, and does not include instances where titles 
are "the same." 

(2) Imperial Titles with their Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

Abercorn, M. of 

Ailsa, M.of , 

Argyll, D. of .... 

Auckland, B 

Balinhard, B 

Botreaux, B 

Bowes, B 

Boyle, B 

Brancepeth, B 

Brandon, D. of (Hamilton & 


Breadalbane, M. of 

Bridport, V 

Brodrick, B 

Bute, M.of 

Carew, B 

Carleton, B 

Carrington, Earl 

Oarysfort, B 

Cathcart, Earl 

Chaworth, B 

Cholmondeley, M. of 

Clancarty, V 

Clan William, B 

Clements, B 

Cloncurry, B 

Cobham, V. 

Colville of Gulross, V. 

Cowper, Earl 

Guinberland db Teviotdale, 
H.R.H.D. of 

Dartrey, E.of 

Dawnay, B 

De Montalt, Earl 

Denbigh, E- of 

Bigby, B 

Doncaster, E. of 

Douglas, B 

Bufferin & Ava, M. of. 

Dunmore, B 

Dunning, B 

Elgin, B 

Elphinstone, B 

Ettrick, B, (Napier & Ettk.) 

FairUe, B 

Fermanagh, B 

Fife,D. of. 
Fingall, B, 

Fisherwick, B 

Fitzwilliam, Earl . . 

Foxford, B 

Gage, B 

Gardner, B 

Gordon, V. .... — 

Gormanston, B 

Graham, Earl 

Grauard, B 

Grinstead, B. 

Hare, B 

Hartismere, B 

Hay, B. 

Merries, B 

Hertford, M.of .... 
Hillsborough, E. of 

Hood, V 

Howth, B 

Abercorn, D. of, Ir. 
Abercorn, E. of, Sc. 
Cassillis, E. of. Sc. 
The same. Sc. 
The same, Jr. 
Southesk, E. of. So. 
Loudoun, E. of. Sc. 
Strathmore (dbKinghornc), E. 
of. Sc. 

Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 
Boyne, F., Ir. 

Hamilton, D. of, Sc. 
Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. 
Bridport,, B., /)•. 
Midleton, V.,Jr. 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. 
The same, Ir. 
Shannon, E. of, Ir. 
Carrington, B., Ir. 
Oarysfort, £. of, Ir. 
Cathcart, B., Sc. 
Meath, E. of, Ir. 
Cholmondeley, v., Ir. 
Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 
Clanwilliam, E. of, Ir. 
Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Westcote, B., Ir. 
Colville (of Culross), B., 

Dingwall, B., Sc. 
Armagh, E. of, Ir. 

Cremorne, B., /)•. 
Downe, V., Ir. 
Hawarden, V., Ir. 
Desmond, E. of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 

Bwcleuch d Queensberry, D. 

of, Sc. 
Home, E. of. Sc. 
Dufferin& Claneboye, B., 7c. 
Dunmore, E. of. Sc. 
RoUo, B., Sc. 

Elgin <& Kincardine, E of. 

The same. Sc. 
Napier, B., Sc. 
Glasgow, E. of, Sc. 
Erne, E. of, Ir. 
Fife, Earl, Ir. 
Fingall, E. of, Ir. 
Donegall, M. of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Limerick, E. of, If. 
Gage, V., Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Aberdeen, E. of, Sp. 
Gormanston, V., Ir. 
Montrose, D. of, S.c. 
Granard, E. of, Ir. 
Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 
Listowel, E. of, Ir. 
Henniker, B., Ir. 
Kinnoull, E. of. Sc. 
The sa?ne. Sc. 
Conway, B., /;•. 
Downshire, M. of Ir, 
Hood, B., Ir. 
Howth, E. of, Ir. 

Hutchinson, V Donoughmore, E. of. Ir. 

Innes, Earl Roxburghe, D. of. Sc. 

•Jersey, E.of Grandison, V., Ir. 

Kenlis, B Headfort, M. of, Ir. 

Kenmare, B Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 

Kenry, B DunraveniS: Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir, 

Kensington, B The same, Ir. 

Ker, B Lothian, M. of. Sc. 

K ilmamock, B Erroll, E. of. Sc. 

Kinnairdj B The same. Sc. 

Kintore, B Kintore, E. of. Sc. 

Lansdowne, M.of { b!) ^t"''''^' ^' 

Leeds, D. of Dumblane [?Dun-„ V., Sc. 

I Leinster, V Leinster, D. of, Ir. 

i Linlithgow, M. of Hopetoun, E. of. Sc. 

I Loftus, B Ely, M. of, Ir. 

' Lovat, B The same. Sc. 

I Lovel & Holland, B Egmont, E. of, Ir. 

! Mansfield, E.of Stormont, V., Sc. 

1 Meldrum, B Huntly, M. of. Sc. 

j Mendip, B Clifden, V., Ir. 

Meredyth, B Athlumney, B., Ir. 

! Minster, B Conyngham, Mara., Ir. 

I Monck, B Monck, V., Ir. 

; Monckton, B Galwau, V., Ir. 

' MontEagle, B Sligo, Jlf. of, Ir. 

: Muncaster, B The same, Ir. 

Normwtiby, M. of Mulgrave, B., //•. 

\ Northington, B Henley, B., Ir. 

i Oriel, B Massereene d; Ferrard, V. 


; Ormonde, B Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 

I O.xenfoord, B Stair, E. of. Sc. 

I Ponsoaby, B Bessborough, E. of, Ir. 

! Powerscourt, B Powerscourt, V., Ir. 

1 Powis, E.of Clive, B., Ir. 

Ramsay, B Dalhousie, E. of. So. 

Ranfurly, B Ranfurly, E. of, Ir. 

Reuy, B The same. Sc. 

Richmond (& Gordon), D. of Lennox, D. of. Sc. 

Rosebery, B Rosebery, E. of. Sc. 

Rossmore, B The same, Ir. 

Saltersford, B Courtown, E. of, Ir. 

Scarbrough, E. of Lumley, v., Ir. 

Sefton, B Sefton, E. of, Ir. 

Sheffield, B Sheffield, E. of, Ir. 

Shrewsbury (iL- Talbot), E.of Waterford, E. of,f r 

I Shute, B Barrington, V., Ir. 

j Silchester, B Longford, E. of, Ir. 

Somerhill, B Glanricarde, M. of, Ir. 

Somerton, B Normanton, E. of, Ir. 

Stewart of Garlics, B Galloway, E. of. Sc. 

Strange, Earl Atholl, D. of, Sc. 

Strathspey, B Seajield, E. of. Sc. 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . Moray, E. of. Sc. 

Sudiey, B j Arrayi, E. of, Ir. 

Sutherland. D. of Sutherland, E. of, Sr. 

Talbot de Malahide, B Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 

Tweeddale, B Tiveeddale, M. of, Sc. 

Tyrone, B Waterford, M. of, Ir. 

Vane, Earl Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 

Verulam,E.of -{^S^kS- 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of . . Rothsay, D. of. Sc. 

Wellington, D. of Momington, E. of, /)•. 

Wf myss, B Wemyss & March, E. oj. Sc. 

Wigan, B, .... — Craviford & Balcarres, E. 

0/, Sc. 

Winton, E. of Eglintondb Winton, E, of. Sc. 

Worlingham, B Gosford, E. of, Ir. 




Showing the Dates of Existing Dignities in the Order in which they were Conferred. 
**,* Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Dikectoky, and there 
followed by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
leading one. Note that both here and in the references the term "Baron" is employed uniformly, though under 
" Creations " it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation. 
Feeragesof England, Scot-'i^og'BEAVMOifT, Baron ji445De Moleyns (Lou- 1489 tSiNCLAiR, Baron 
land, and Ireland, %i 1313 "Willoughby de doun), (writ) I Alloa, Baron 

Tenure and Writ : | 'Exesbj, Baron \ tSALTOUN, j^arora | tSEMPiLL, i?a?'o?i 

[David T., Scot. 1124-53.] ; l3i6?Kildare, Earl \ tGRAY, Baron 1 1490 tHERRiES, Baron 

( fErcildun, Baron j 1321 Dacre (Eaiapden) , 1 1445 tCampbell (Argyll) , j 1491 tOgiIvy of Airlie,J5j«. 
140< tLindsay of Craw-I Baron | Baron 1 1492 Willoughby de 

(. ford, ^arow 11324 Geeyde Ruthyn,^.! t Glamis, i?fl?-on | BROKE,Pffl?-0H(writ) 
[Malcolm, Scot., 1153-65] I Edward III I tGraham, i?arc?i 11505 tMontrose, jFarJ 
Hen^yll I154-I189 ' to^t t-^k.,'' 11446 ?Wateefokd^ | 1505 Herbert of Eagland, 

i 1155 Arundel, Earl 


jl447 +Cathcart, Baron 

1328 Ormonde, Earl 
r-x-r^ - c ^- c -..[David II. Scot., 1329-71] I (writ) 

^ •' " p5-i2i4] 1330 Maltravers, Baron ,448 Stourton, Baron 
''Z°,^^^'''if'"p ' IJ 1332 Darcy de Knayth, i-Montgomerie, Bn 

1 177 ?; Howtli, Bn . (tenure) j j^^ron I tSeton? Baron 

1450 tHuntly, Earl 

I 1180 ?Delvin,i?«.(tenure);i336 +Garioch, Baron 
I Ilieliardl., 1337 Cornwall, Z>i<A;e 

i 1 1 Sq- 1 1 QQ ' 3 350 ? Birmingham, Bn. '! 

^^f.y ^^yy- . , :i368Botreaux, .Sa;o« 
j yl<o creation suiTiving.) i^^yo ?Gormanston, Bn. 

I John, 1199-1216. i [Robt. II. Scot., 1371-90] 

1205 ?Ofialy, (tenure) 1 1375 5 La Boer. Baron 

[Alex. II. Scot., 1214-49] ] Eichard II. ' 14.57 tArgyll, 

i Henry III., 1 t-jt*? i-nn ' 1, ..o j +Rotkf.s, 

i T7i6 T?*?-. ! o r!^^^ iP^' i^458j+53^ninbriech,i?«. 

I 11383 Camoys, , i tMoRTON Earl 

1223 SKiNG^ALR, Courcy, 1^87 Baronies by Letters] tAberdou'v, i?«rr.« 

.-f5f!!l [Jas. in. Scot., 1460-88] 


Save and Sele, i'«.ji5o8 tEoLiNTON, fJarl 
1509 tCASSiLLis, Earl 

Henry VIII., 

1509 Conyees, Bn. (wait) 

1452 -i-BoRTinVICK, 5a/'W/?jl510 tELPHINSTONE, Bn. 

tKennedy, Baron i [Jas. V. Scot. 1513-42.] 

1453 tEeroll, Earl ! 1514 Worcester, Earl 
1455 i-CAiTHNESS, 2;V<W;i523 Vaux of Harrow- 

(orig.) I den. Baron (writ) 

Bernees, Baron 1^2^ Rutland, Earl 

Eingrone, Bn. 

! i,,Q i +SUTBEELAND, E. 

\^^^^\ tStiathnaver, Bn. 
\ [Alex. III. Scot., 1249-86] 
1250 Uverry & Lixnaw, 
j Baron (tenure) 

1 1264 See 1283.* 
i Edward I., 
i 1272-1307. 

1274 ^Dunboyne, Baron 

1283 De Eos, Bn. (writ) 
Le Desrencer, Bn. 

(writ) ^ 
Mowbray, Baron 

Segeave, Bn. (writ) 
Fauconberg, Bn. 

[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90, 
tlien'2 yrs. inteiregnum] 
1290 Hastings, Baron 
[John Baiiol, Scot., 1292- 

1295 (SKeriy, Bn. (writ) 
Dk Clifford, Baron 
Clinton, Baroji 

1299 Latimer, Baron 

De la "Wan", Baron 
(precedence of) 

1302 ?Arklow, Bn. (?) 

1305 Botetourt, Baron 

.j-^-j .AtjQVls, Earl , , t--, 

?Delvin, Bn. (writ)i Edward IV., 
[Robert III. Scot., 1390-I 1461-1483. 

1406] ; 1461 Hastings of Ashby 
1392 Bergavenny, Baron de la Z., Bn. (writ) 

(writ) Herbert of Herbert, 

1397 SKingsale, Baron Baron 

(patent) ?Teimlestown, Bn. 

1398 +CRAWF0ED, Earl JDunsany, Bn. (pat. ) 

Henry IV., 1399-1413 1464+LovAT, Bn. (orig.) 

(NoEngl.creationMt.) . n^orusxy Buke 
1401 i Dalkeith (Morton) , ^69 ;^garrick. Earl 

Baron I ' "*■ Renfrew, Baron 

1403 ?Killeen, Baron ! | +BucnAN^ayZ 

1404 tMAE, Earl \ \ +Auchterhouse, Bn 
[Jas. I. Scot., 1406-37]! '470 tLorne, Baron 

__ ' ^ ^' ! 1473 tHome, Baron 

Henry v., 1413-1422.1,478 {Gormanston, vt 

1421 Berkeley, Bar(m j 
(writ) i 

Henry VI., 1422-1461 1 
1424+ Hay of Slains, Bn. \ 
i425tErskine (Mar &I 
Kellie) , Baron ! 
1426 Hungerford, Baron ' 

, .Q„j Norfolk, Bt/ke 
'4»3 J Surrey, Earl 

1433 Arundel, Earl 

(tenure confirmed) 
[Jas. II. Scot., 1437-60] 
1439 ? DuNSANY, Baron 

Edward V., 1483 

(3 months) . 
(No creation.) 
Pvichard III., 
(No creation surviving.) 
Henry VII., 

1485 Derby, Earl 
1488 tDrummond of Car- 
ill, Baron 

1527 ?Ossory, 
1529 Braye, Baron 

Windsor, Bn. (writ) 
Wentworth, Baron 


Huntingdon, Earl 
1537 '{Thurles, Viscount 
1539 tLovAT, Baron 
(new charter) 
Russell of Cheneys, 

St. John of Basing, 

1541 iiDuNBOYNE, B. (pat.) 
? Louth, Baron 
[Mary of Scot., 1542-67] 
i fClanricarde, Earl 

'543 \ ^Dunkellin, Bn. 
Hnchiquin, Baron 
I tBerriedale, Bn. 
Edward VI., 

( Seymour, Baron 
\ Somerset, Duke 
Bedford, Earl 
Wiltshire, Earl 
Hereford, Vise. 


?Ke]ls, Baron 
Pembroke, Earl 

1551 ^ Herbert of CardifP, 

Winchester, Mq. 

1552 Paget, Baron (writ) 

Mary, 1553-1558. 

Edward II., 1 tFoRBES, ^om* | [Jas. IV. Scot. 1488-1513] 11553 Devon, iarZ 
1 307- 1 327. 1445 tLindsay of theli488 tCrichton of San-| 1554 Noeth, J5rtro?i (writ) 
1308Z0UOHEOFHAEYNG- Byres, J5aro-/t j q\, Baron I Howard of Effing- 
AVOETH, i'aro'/i I iljQsliQ, Baron \ tHay of Yester, Z?«. ! \i».m. Baron 
* Tlie first four of the Bnies. now placed under 1283 together with that of Hastings (izgo), were originally created 
by Sir Simon de Montfort in 1264 ; but the House of Lords has recently decided that no creation made by him can 
ba valid. That of Fauconberg was made by first summons in 1283. renewed 1295. 

Historic Peerage. 


Elizabeth, 1 558-1603 
1559 St. John ofBletso, 

/' tMoRAY, Earl 
i562-< tAbernethy and 
(. Strathearn, Bn. 

1564 tToRPincKEN, Bn. 

1565 IMar (M. &Kellie\ 

Earl [1625. 
[James VI. Scot,, 1567- 

1571 Bm'ghley, Baron 

1572 Lincoln, Earl 

De Xjx Warr, Baron 
Norreys, Bn. (writ) 
1581 tDoune, Baron 
1587 tPaisley, Baron 

1590 tMaitland, Baron 

1591 tNewbottle, Baron 
1597 Howard de "Wal- 

DEX, Baron (wiit)! 
j +HuxTLY, 3Iarq. i 


I -fEnzie, Earl 

tlnverness. Vise. \ 
1600 I tBadenocli, Loch-j 
( aber, &c., Bn. j 
tEoxburg-he, Baron | 
( tWiNTOx, Earl \ 
< tSeton & Tranent, ] 
C Bar 071 ! 

1606 tTullibardine, Earl 

1607 tGarlies, Baron 


LEIGH, Baron 
Bromswold) , Baron 

1609 tDiNGWALL, Baron 
tMaderty, Baron 

1610 tCardross, Baron 
i6n tSt. Colme, Baron 
1613 tBlnning&BjTes,/?/; 

1615 Dormer, Baron 

1616 tLauderdale, Vt. 
tCamegie of Kin- 

naird. Baron \ 
tMelville, Baron 
Tevniiam, Barsn 
Brabazon of Ardee, \ 
Baron j 
?Moore, Baron 
5 Boyle of Youghal,! 
Baron \ 
tRoxburghe, Earl j 
tKerof Cessford,! 
Baron \ 
Stanhope (Chester-! 
field), 7?a;-o« 

1623 tGALLOWAY, Earl 

tMaitland, Vise. 
tThirlestane and 
Boltoun, Baron. 
( Westmorland, E, 
\ Burghersb, Baron 

Charles I., 1625-1649 
1625 ? Chichester (Done- 
gall), FjV,-. and Bn. 
^Kilmorey, Viscount 
1625 Manchester, Earl 
Berkshire, Earl 
Lindsev, Earl 
1627 {Meath, Earl 

tDupplin, Vise. 
■i-Hay of Kinfauns, 
tNAPiEK OF Mer- 

chistoun, Baron 
Poulett, Baron 
iJ.Sherard, Baron 

tF A I R F A X OF 

Camerox, Baron 
Eitzalan of Cliin 

i5oi tCampbell oi 
douu, Baron 

1602 tKiNLOSS, Baron 

James I., 1603- 1625 

1603 Suffolk, Earl ] 
tAbereorn, Baron 
Cecil, Baron \ 
tDirleton, Baron 
Grey of Groby, Bn. 
Petre, Baron 
Russell of Thorn- 

haugh, Baron 
Spencer (Marl- 
borough) , Baron 
Saye & Sele, Baron 

1604 tMurray of Tulli- 

bardine, Baron 
Cranbome, Viscount 


ROSS, Baron 
(■ ) tHoME, Earl 

I tDunglass, Baron 

( tPERTH, ii,'G/-r 

\ tDruxumond of 
' Stobhall, Baron 
Exeter, Earl 
( Montgomery. £a;7 
-J Herbert of Shur- 

land, Baron 
Salisbury, Earl 
Cavendish of Hard- 
wick, Baron 
Akundell OF War- 
dour, Baron \ 
f Scone, Baron jl622 
1606 tLotluan, Earl \ 
tScott of Buccleuch, I 
Baron ■ \ 

tFentoun, Viscount] 

tHamilton, Mount - 
castle, and Kil-j 
V Patrick, Baron < 
tKlNGHORNE, Jiarl ! 

1617 ^Hamilton of Stra- 1628 Coventry, Baron 

Lou-j bane, Baron 

1 1618 ? Lambart of Cavan, i 
on j Baron \ 

i Northampton, Earl ' 
i Devonshire, Earl ! 
I tRamsay of Dal-| 
j housie. Baron • 

1619 i-Kellie, Earl \ 
/ tBuccleuch, Earl 
) tScottofWhitches-j 
■j tor and Eskdaill, \ 
{ Baron j 

? Stuart of Castle- i 
stuart, Baron I 

1620 ?Geaxdison, F/. 1 
ijDiGBY, Baron j 
\ {iCoRK, Earl | 
\ ^Dungarvan, Vf. \ 

j tEALKLAND, Vt. \ 

tCary, Baron 

I'rudenell, Baron \ 
(IBoyie of Kinal-| 
meaky, Viscounty 
J "{Bandon Bridge,! 

Baron j 
^'iiBroghill, Baron 1 
Stamford, Earl I 
tDrumlanrig, Vt. \ 
tDouglas of Haw-j 
ick& Tibbers, BnT\ 
tWemyss, Baron 
Strange, Baron (writ) 
tREAY, Baron 
WixcHiLSEA, Earl 
?Lumley, Viscount 
\ (STaaffk, Viscount 
I {EalljTnote, Baron 
Chesterfield, Earl 
tDalzell, Baron 
5F1NGALL, Earl 
?Mol3'neux, Vise. 


?Fitzwilliam, i?«)-ow ! 1629 8 Mountnonis, Bn 
j Mandeville, Vt. \ iAtholl, Earl 
< Montagu of Kim-; '{Burke, Viscount 
\ bolton, Baron 
?CaiilfeiLdof C'harle- 

mont. Baron 
\ Feildingj Viscount 
\ Feildicg, Baron 
? Antrim, E. (orig.) 
Brooke, Baron 
J Moore, Viscount 
?Westmeath, Earl 
^ Andover, .F/scci».«(i; 

( tAncram, Earl 
1633-! tKerr of Nisbet, 
\^ &c., Baron 
( tWEMYSS, Earl 
\ +ElchoandMethel, 
( Baron 
tRamsay of Ker- 
rington, Baron 


1am), Bar 071 
tLindsay of Bal- 

ean'es. Baron 
( fAiRLiE, Earl 
539 tOgilvyof Alyth& 
\ Lintrathen, Bn. 
tRosehill and Inglis- 

maldie, Baron 

640 Stafford, Baron 

641 Capeil, Baron 

^ ttiEVEN, Earl 
\ tBalgonie, Baron 


I ) tinverbervie, Bn. 
j tBalvaird, Baron 

11642 Worcester, Marq. 

1 1643 tELiEAXK, Baron 
tHAMiLTOX, Duke 
t Clydesdale, Mq. 
tArran, Earl 
tLanark, Earl 

{ i Cambridge, Earl 
tAven, Baron 
flnnerdale, Bn. 
tPolmont, Bn. 
HMachanshii-e, Bn. 
Sunderland, Earl 
tDYSART, Earl 
Bar 071 
Byron, Baron 
1644 Norfolk, Earl 

( Glamorgan, Earl 
\ Grosmont, Vise. 
{ Beaufort, Baron 
tMontrose, Marg. 
Ward, Baron 
tSelkirk, Earl 
tDaer and Short- 
cleuch. Baron 
tTweeddale, Earl^ 
547 ^Doncgall, Earl 
\ ?iCavan, Earl 
\ ^Kilcoursie, Vise. 
tNoETHESK, Earl 


TON, Baron 
t Falconer, Baron 

tEruce of Torry, 


Howard of Charl- 
( ton, Bar 071 
tAyr, Viscount 
+ Jedburgh, Baron 
?Valentia, Vise, 
? Dillon, Viscount 
/ Denbigh, Earl 
1 Desmond, Earl 
\ ^Callan, Viscount 
\ ^Feilding, Baron 

iSlkerrin, Viscoiuit \ 

\ tParbroath, Baro)i\ 
tKiNNOULL, Earl 1 
tLouDOUN, Earl I 
tTarrinzean audi 
Mauchline, Bn. \ 
I tDuMFRiKS, Earl 
\ tCrichton of Cum- 
• nock. Baron 
tQ,ueen-sbeiTy, Earl 
f Douglas, Marq. 
tAbemethv and 
Jedburgh Fo- Charles II., 1649-85 
rest. Baron \ ^-^^ ^^^^e 1649-60, but the 


\ tErucf 

tCoehrane of Dun- 

tLvon&Glamis. Sw. 51623 Maidstone, Viscount\ 

tELGiN, Ea.rl 

tBmce of Kinloss, 
I tSouTHESK, Earl 
1 tCamegie of Kin- 
j naird&Leuchars, 
I Baron 

interim creations made I 
by him). \ 

,r., / tBALCARRES, Ea7'l j 

+Balniel, J5a/wi j 
tRoLLO, Baro7i \ 
iRnTHVEN, Baron j 



rSANDWicii, Earl 
I Hinchingbrooke, 

1660 Viscount 

I Montagu of St. 
I Neots, Baron 
? Orrery, Earl 
I tAboyne, Earl 
\ tGordon of 
' Strathavon, Bn. 
I (SMassereene, Vt. 
\ ? Loughneagh, Bn . 
I +Kymiaird, Vise. 
\ tLevingstoue, Bii. 

1661 SCholmondeley, 
Cardigan, Earl 
( Essex, Earl 
\ Maiden, Viscount 
Townshend, Baron 
f Carlisle, Earl 
J Howard of Mor- 
I peth, Viscount 
^Daere, Baroii 
?Drogheda, Earl 
Ashley, Baron 

( tBuccLEUOH, Duke 
tDalkeith, Earl 
Scott of Tyndale, 
Lucas, Baron 

1664 St. Liz, Baron 
Arlington, Baron 

1665 ?ClIAELEM0NT, Vt. 

Craven, Baron 

1666 Butler, Baron (writ) 


1669 1 1 Cochrane of 
( Paisley, Baron 

ifi^o i Arlington, Earl 

( Thetford, Viscount- 
Clifford of Chud- 

LEIGH, Baron 
( Shaftesbury, E. 
\ Cooper, Baron 
[ Euston, Earl 
I Ipswich, Viscount 
( Sudbury, Baron 

ifi-o \ Latimer, Viscount 

I Osborne, Baron 
<r_ i tOsborne, Viscouvi 

^^74 ) Danby, Earl 
Finch, I'.oron 

1675 tDuNBLAXE, Vt. 

i ElCHMOND, Dukf, \ 

I March, Earl | 
( Settrington, Baron 
Graftox, Duke \ 
( tLENNOX, Duke 
■ tDarnley, Earl | 
' tMethueu, Baron 
S ?Granard, Vt. 
\ ?Clanehugh,£a)o?i 
( +Atholl, Marquess 
tBalquhidder, Vt. 
and Gaslc, Baron 
Bm-ford, Earl 
Hedington, Bn. 
-i-KiNTOBE, Earl 
tKeith of In- 
verurie, Baron 





and Holland, E. 
tTay and Paint- 
land, Viscount 
Ormelie, and 
Weick, Baron 
i'+Stratkmore & 
: Kinghorne, E. 
' tLyon, Viscount 
' +Tannadyce, Sid- 
j law, and Strath-: 
\ diehtie. Baron 
1679 Manners of Had- 
DON, Baro7i (writ) 
( Berkeley, Earl 
\ Dursley, Viscount 
i68o?DowNE, Viscount 

1681 tNAiRNE, j5a?'on 
Nottingham, Earl 
Lumley, Baron 

1682 tQuEENSBEERY, 3Iq. 

Ossulston, Baron 

I tFormartine, Vt. 
\ tHaddo, Methlic, 

Tarves, and 
y Kellie, Baron 
Abingdon, Earl 
Beaufort, Duke 
Dartmouth , Baron 
Townshend of Kayn- 

ham, Vt. 
( "Weymouth, Vt. 
\ Thynne, Baron 
+K1NNAIRD, Baron 

1683 Guilford, Bcn-on 
684 St. Albans, Duke 

?Granard, Earl 

James II., 1685-16S8. 

L tMelfort, Viscount 

1685 I tDrummond of 

( Gilstoun. Baron 
Churchill (Marl- 
borough), Baron 

1686 Waldegrave, Baron 
tForth, Viscount 
tDrummond of 

Eiceartoun, Bn. 

{tDuNJioRE, Earl 
tFincastle, Vt. 
tMurray of Blair, 
I tStrathallan, I'. 
\ tDrummond of 
\ Cromlix, Baron 

William III,, 

i68g Caimarthen, 3Iq. 
Marlborough, Earl 
( Portland, Earl 
I Woodstock, Vt. 
( Cirencester, Baron 
Lumley, Viscount 
Cholmondeley, Bn. 
Ashburnham, Baron 
j'tMELViLLE, Earl 

+Kirkaldie, Vt. 

V, &Balwearie, i9rt. 


i6go Scarbrough, Earl 
tStair, Viscomit 
tGlenluce and 
Stranraer, Baron 
tPoLWARTir, Baron 
, ( Villiers, FiscoMwi i 
1091 \ Villiers, Baron \ 

1694 Leeds, Duke \ 
I Bedford, Duke : 
\ Tavistock, 3Iarq. j 
i Devonshire, Dukel 
\ Hartington, Marq. \ 

( tTwEEDDALE, Mq. 

\ tGifford, Earl \ 
' +Walden, Viscount. 

1695 Howland, Baron 

I ^Lisbume, Vt. I 
] iVaughan of Fe- 
( thard. Baron 
tORKNEY, Earl 
tKirkwall, Vt. 
tDechmont, Baron 
Albemarle, Earl 
Bury, Viscount 
Ashford, Baron 
I i March ("Wemyss 
1 & M.), Earl 

1697 ^ tPeebles, Viscount 

tDouglas of Neid- 
l path &c., Baron 
(i Coventry, Earl 
j Deerhurst, Vt. 

Jersey, Earl 

1698 Barnard, Baron 

1699 tBoyle of Kelbume 

&c., Baron 
I tRosebery, Vt. 

1700 ' tPrimrose and 

( Dalmeny, Baron 
tARGYLL, Duke 
I tLorn and Kin- 
tyre, Marquess 
I tCampbell and 

Cowall, Earl 
tLochow and 

Glenyla, Visct. 
tInA'eraray, Mull, 
Morvern, and 
Tirie, Baron 

I tLoTHIAN, Mq. 

J tBriene, Viscount 
i tKerr of New- 
'. bottle. Baron 

1 tJleidhaven, Vt. 
\ tOgilvy of Desk- 
' ford, Baron 
* \ Strabane, Vt. 
\ JMountcastle, Bn. 




Anne, 1702- 17 14. 

( Marlborough, Dk 
\ Blandford, Mq. 
1703 Guernsey, Baron 
Gower, Baron 
Conway of Ragley, 

Hervey, Baron 
i Rutland, Duke 
\ Granby, Marquess 
I tSTAiE, Earl 
I tDaliymple, Vt. 
{ tNewliston, Baron 


\ tRosEBERY, Earl 
\ tlnverkeithing, Vt. 
/ tGLASOOW, Earl 
) tKelbume. Vt. 
\ tBoyle of Stewar- 
l toun &c., Bar 071 
rtBuTE, Earl 

tKingarth, Vt. 
J tMount Stuart, 
j Cumra, and 
V Baro7i 

I tHoPETOUN, Earl 
< tAithrie, Viscount 
( +Hope, Baron 
tATHOLL, Duke 
tTuUibardine, 3Iq. 
tStrathardle and 

Strathtay, Earl 
Glenlyon, Vt. 

ItGamock, Viscount 
tKilbirnie, Kings- 
burn, and 
^ Dnimry, Baron 


I (Buccleuch),Z>i:. 
I tDrumlanrig and 
\ Sanquhar, Earl 
tNith, Torthor- 
wald, and Ross, 
V+Douglas of Kin- 
mont &c.. Baron 
Cowper, Baron 
4 PouLETT, Earl 
i Hinton, Viscount 
^ Cholmondeley, E. 
\ Malpas, Viscount 
'tMoNTROSE, Duke 
j tGraham and Bu- 
j chanan, Mq. 
j tKincardine, Earl 
( tDundaflf, Viscount 
Fintrie, and 
\ Mugdock, Baron 
j tBowmont & Cess- 
ford, Marquess 
\.-^^e\m, Earl 
^ tBroxmouth, Vt. 


■ages of Gt. Britain 
and 0/ Ireland. 
\ Ferrers, Earl 
\ Tamworth, Vt. 
\ Dartmouth, Earl 
) Lewisham, Vt. 
Boyle (of Marston; , 

Hay (of Pedwar- 

dine), Baro7i 
Middleton, Baro7i 
1712 Bathurst, Baron 
I Bolingbroke, Vt. 
\ St. John of Lydi- 
( ard Tregoze, 
i BRi^NDQN, Duke 
I Dutton, Baron 
Conway (of Kill- 
ultagh), Baro7i 

Historic Peerage. 


George I., 1714-1727- 

1714 Bristol, Earl 

Tankerville, Earl 
Aylesford, Earl 
j Cobham, Baron 
; 1715 SNewborough 
! (Cholmondeley) , Bn. 
'^Brodrick, Baron 
^Perceval, Baron 
■^Caebeby, Baron 

» J Hamilton of Stack- 
allan, Baron 
? Newtown-Butler, 

1716 Parker of Maccles- 
field, Baron 
Onslow, Baron 
Eomney, Baron 

{St. John (Boling- 
broke & St. J.), 
St. John of Bat- 
tersea. Baron 
( Portland. Duke 
I Titchfield. il/?. 
Newburgh (Chol- 
mondeley), Baron 


\ ?Philipstown, Bn. i 


\ ^Milton, Viscouiit 


n^^athdown, Baron 
1 Stanhope of 
s Mahon, Viscounf 
( Stanhope, Baron 

■$MlDLET0N, Vf. 
?BoYNE, Viscount 
I ? Hillsborough, 17. 
J ?Hill of Kilwarlin, 
( Baron 
^Southwell, Baron 
_ o S CowPER. Earl 
' \ Fordwioh, Viscounf 
Stanhope, Earl 
I ?Aylmer of Bal- 
I rath, Baron 
Cadogau, Baron 
CoBHAii, Viscount 
.719 Manchester, Dulte 
\ $Grimston, Vt. 
\ ^Dunboyne, Baron 
I Falmouth, Vt. 

1720 J Boscawen-Eose, 
' Baron 
\ Lymington, Vt. 
\ "Wallop, Baron 
\ ?Barrington, Vt. 
\ 5Barrington,-BaTO« 

< ?Gage, Viscount 
\ ?Gage, Baron 
\ ? Tyrone, Viscount 
\ sBeresford, Baron 

1721 ?Bessborough. Bn. 
? Clifton of Rath- 
more, Baron 

< Torrington, Vt. 
\ Byng, Baron 
{ Macclesfield, E. 
I Parkej', Viscount 
I Graham, Earl 

1722 \ Graham of Bel- 
' ford, Baron 
Percy (Atholl), Bn 


1723 ? Perceval, Viscount 
I ? Kerry, Earl 
\ fClanmaurice, Vt. 
\ Duncannon, Vt. 
Darnley, Viscount 
?Walpole of Wal- 

pole. Baron 
( King of Ockham, 

^725 \ jBaron 

?Darnley, Earl 

George II., 

( ?Galway, Vt. 
^727| jKiUard, Baron 
1728 Hobart, Baron 
Monson, Baron 
JLanesborough, Vt 
Waldegrave, E. 


Chew ton, Viscount 

HaiTington, Baron 
( Ashburnham, E. 
73° •( St. Asaph, Vt. 
1733 ^Castle Durrow, Bn. 
?Egm(.int, Earl 
?UGsart, Baron 
Hardwicke, Baron 
Talbot, Baron 
735 ?Braco, Baron 
1739 §Bessborough, E. 
1741 Ilchester and 

Strangways, Bn. 
\ Harrington, Earl 
^'^^ \ Petersham, Vt. 
Fitzwilliam of Mil- 
ton, Baron 
Edgcumbe, Baron 

1743 Portsmouth, Earl 
'^I^ewport (Roden), 


1744 < Viscount 

\ IWingfield, Baron 
1746 Bruce of Totten- 
ham, Baron 

Fortescue, Baron 

Brooke, Earl 

t Gower, Earl 

\ Trentham, Vt. 

?Momington, Bn. 

? Tyrone, Earl 


I Fitzwilliam, E. 
\ Milton, Viscount 
i747nchester, Stavor- 
dale, and Red- 
lynch, Baron 
Leinster, Viscount 
{Folkestone, Vt. 
\ Longford (Rad- 
' nor), Baron 

1748 ?Carrick, Earl 

1749 PONSONBY (of 

Sysonby) , Baron 
( Northumberland, 
I Earl 

( "Warkworth, Bn. 

^750 Vere, Baron 

?Knapton, Baron 
i Hertford, Earl 
\ Beauohamp, Vt. 

1751 ?Ashbrook, Vt. 
( ? Hillsborough, E. 
\ ? Kilwarlin, Vt. 

( JFitzmaurice, Vt. 
^'^^ \ ?Dunkeron, Bn. 

1752 ?Carysfort, Baron 
Guilford, Earl 

1753 ?Shelbubne, Earl 
§PolKngton, Baron 
S Hardwicke, Earl 
\ Royston, Viscount 

1755? Jocelyn, Viscount 
/ ? Shannon, Earl 
\ i Boyle of Bandon, 
756'^ Viscount 

5 Castle Martyr, 

Mountmorres, Bn. 
§ Russborough, Bn. 
?Farniiam, Baron 
'^Longford, Baron 
Hyde, Baron 
"Walpole of Wolter- 

ton, Barcn 
Ilchester, Earl 
^Lanesborough, E. 
Newcastle, Duke 
Harwich, Baron 
_ Q \ ?Sudley, Viscount 
} ? Saunders, Baron 
? Lisle, Baron ^ 
'{Courtown, Baron 
i Annesley, Baron 
^759 \ § Macduff, Vt. 
Warwick, Earl 

George III., 
I 760-1820. 
1760 Wycombe of Chip- 
ping Wycombe, 
Sondes, Baron 
ifEeadfort, Baron 
^Russborough, Vt. 
SMountflorence, Bn. 
•^MontEagle of 

Westport, Baron 
j ?Mornington, E. 
\ OWellesley, Vt. 
, De La Ware, E. 
\ Cantelupe, Vt. 
) ^Kildare, Marq. 
\ ?Offaly, AaH 
< Spencer, Viscount 
\ Spencer, Baron 
Mount Stuart, Bn . 
Grantham, Baron 
Grosvenor, Baron 
Scaksdale, Baron 
Boston, Baron 
5Winterton, Baron 
1762 ?Clive (of Plassey), 
?Arran, Earl 
] \ Courtown, Earl 
I ?Stopford, Vt. 
^Headfort, Viscount 
Pelham, Baron 
Lovel & Holland, 

Vernon of Kinder- 
ton, Baron 
Ducie, Baron 
5M1LLTOWN, Earl 
? Mountmorres, Vt. 
1764 ? Kingston, Baron 

1764 ?Kilworth, Baron 

1765 Camden, Baron 
DiGBY, Baron 

I Radnor, Earl 

\ Pleydell-Bouverie, 

( Baron 

I Spencer, Earl 

I Althorp, Viscount 

1766 jMountCashell, Vt. 
\ JMexborough, E. 
\ ?Pollington, Vi. 

S §Winterton, Earl 
\ riumom-, Vt. 
\ Nobthumbee- 
< LAND, Duke 
\ Percy, Earl 
JBective, Earl 
?Glerawly, Viscount 
?Kingsborough, Vt. 
J ?Clanwilliam, Vt. 
I JGillford, Baron 
? Leinster, Duke 
Sundridge, Baron 
ivfi7 \ ?H0WTH, Earl 
^'^'\m. Lawrence, Vt. 

^Mulgrave, Baron 
768 ?Lifford, Baron 
§Eme, Baron 
?Westport, Viscount ] 
$ Kingston, Earl 

1770 ? Arden, Baron 
^Bangor, Baron 
'^Dawson, Baron 

1771 Apsley, Baron 
I Sefton, Earl 
§ Roden, Earl 
JAltamont, Earl 

1772 Bathuest, Earl 

i Hillsborough, E. 
\ Fail-ford, Viscount 
1776 Hamilton of Ham- 
bleden, Baron 
Brownlow, Baron 
Cardiff, Baron 
Harrowby, Baron 
Hawke, Baron 
Foley, Baron 
Ailesbury, Earl 
Clarendon, Earl 
?DoneraUe, Baron 
Cranley, Baron 
5L1SBURNE, Earl 
5 Southwell, Vt. 
?De Vesci, Viscount 
? Clan WILLIAM, E. 
jEnniskillen, Vt. 
\ Gosf ord. Baron 
?Newbobough, Bn. 
?Ken.sington, Bn. 
?Westcote, Baron 
?Carlow, Viscount 
?Lucan, Baron 
?Clifden, Baron 
jNaas, Baron 
\ Templetown, Bn. 
? Massy, Baron 
Mansfield (of 
Notts,, jst Earl- 
dom), .£'aW 
SClonmore, Baron 
1780 Dynevob, Baron 
Walsingham, Bn. 
Bagot, Baron 



1780 Porchester, Baron 
Southampton, Bn. 

1781 ?LiFFOED, Viscount 
? Conyngham, Bn. 

\ MountCashell, 

^MusKERKY, Baron 
?Desart, Viscount 
'AErae, Viscount 
§Belmore, Baron 
Sheffield of Duna- 
more, Baron 
{Bangor, Viscount 
§Clifdbn, Viscount 
?Mayo, Viscount 
ij Welles, Baron 
Mount Edg-cumbe 
and Valletort 

1782 Geantley of Mav- 

kenfield, Baron 
EoDNEY, Baron 
■^HooD, Baron 

1783 ?Harberton, Baron 
§Leitrim, Baron 
^Donoughmore, Bn 
§ Sheffield of Eos- 
common, Bar 071 

784 Lovaine of Alnwick, 

Eliot,- Baron 
I Eaiisf ort. Baron 
J Abergavenny, E. 
{ Nevill, Viscount 
SoMERs of Evesham, 

Boringdon, Baron 
L'xbridge, Earl 
Berv.'ick, Baron 
Sherborne, Baron 
i Talbot (Shrews- 
j bury & T.), 
( Ingestre, Viscount 
) Grosvenor, Earl 
( Belgrave, Vt. 

SLansdownb, 3Iq. 
Wycombe, Earl 
Calne & Calstone, 
( § Antrui, Earl 
3785] (new patent) 
(§Dunluce, Vt. 
SGosford, Viscount 


OVicklow, Viscount 
?Loftiis, Baron 
sDe Montalt, Baron 
? Longford, Earl 
?Portarlinoton, E. 
^Mayo, Earl 
5 786 Stafford (Suther- 
land), Marquess 
( Camden, Earl 
) Bayham, Viscount 
Hamilton (Aber- 

corn). Viscount 
i Strange, Earl 
\ MuiTay of Stan- 
' ley, Baron 
Tyrone, Baron 
Carleton, Baron 
SuFFiELD, Baron 

1786 TOWNSHEND, Mq. 

1788 EENYONof Greding- 

ton, Baron 
Howe, Baron 
Braybrooke, Baron 
Amherst, Bn. (Earl 


Malmesbury, Baron 

1789 ? Annesley, Earl 
^Enniskillen, Earl 
'{Erne, Earl 
?Carysfort, Earl 
^Clonmell, Viscount 
$Waterford, 3Iq. 
(JDownshire, 3Iq. 
Salisbury, Mq. 
Bath, 3Tarquess 
Mount Edgcumbe, 


( Fortescue, Eaji 
) Ebrington, Vt. 

Londonderrj', Bn. 
§ Auckland, Baron 
■^KiLMAiNE, Baron 
(JCloncurry, Baron 
ijBelmoi'e, Viscount 
§Conyngham, Vt. 
ijLoftus, Viscount 

1790 '{ Glentworth, Baron 
?:Clonbeock, Baron 
EiSHERWiCK, Baron 
lO'del, Baron 
^Caledon, Baron 
Verulam, Bar 071 
Abercorn, Mq. 
Gage, Baron 
Beverley, Earl 

1791 (SHarberton, Vt. 
?Hawarden, Vt. 

I ^Donegall, 3Jq. 
\ Belfast, Earl 
■(! Northland, T7. 

1792 Thurlow, Baron 

\ Waterf ark. Baron 
Mansfield (of 
Middx., 2nd Earl- 
dom), Earl 
{Oxmantown, Bn. 

1793 Auckland, Baron 
Carnarvon, Earl 

4 Hertford, Mq. 
\ Yarmouth, Earl 
iBandon, Baron 
\ Leitri m , Visco uut 
\ ^Desart, Earl 
\ § Castle Cuff e, Vt. 
iWiCKLOW, Earl 
■^Clonmell, Earl 
Castlestuart, Vt. 

1794 ?Ely, Earl 
Bradford, Baron 
Clive of Walcot, Bn. 
Curzon of Fenn, Bn. 
Dundas, Baron 
Lyttelton of Frank- 
Icy, Baron 

Mendip, Baron 
IMulgrave, Baron 
Yarborough, Baron 
?Graa'es of Graves- 
end, Baron 
? Bridport, Baron 

1795 Hood, Bn. (Visc.H.) 

1795 \ Somerton, Baroji 
^Yelverton, Baron 
?Leitrim, Earl 
?LucAN, Earl 
?Castlereagh, Vt. 
?Bandon, Viscount 
Loughborough, Bn.' 
( Bute, Marquess 

1796 \ Windsor, Earl 
(Mount joy, Vt. 
Eous, Baron 
Hood, Viscount 
Stuart of Castle 

Stuart, Baron 
Stewart of 

Garlies, Baron 
Saltersford, Baron 
Brodrick, Baron 
Calthorpe, Baron 
GwYDYR, Baron 
Harewood, Baron 
Cawdor, Baron 


\ Cakrington, Baron 
\ Newark, Viscount 
\ PieiTcpont, Baron 
<i Londonderry, Earl 
?EossMORE, Baron 

1797 (SHoTHAii, Baron 
{Cremorne, Baron 
■^Headi.ey, Allan - 

son, and Winn, Bn . 
cTeignmouth, Bn. 
Bolton, Baron 
Carrington, Baron 
Minto, Baron 
* Lowther, Viscount 
\ Lowther, Baron 
LiLFORD, Baron 
Eibblesdale, Baron 
Wodehouse, Baron 
?Conyngham, Earl 
^ Mount Charles, 
I Duncan, Viscount 
{ Duncan, Baron 
ijBELMORE, Earl 
?Donoughmore, Vt. 
JFerrard, Visci. 
ijMonck, Baron, 
^Norwood, Baron 
?Kilconnel, Baron 
?!Caledon, Viscoimt 
(JCeofton, Baron 

1798 ^Pfrench, Baron 
j ?Kenmare, Vise. 
\ jCastlerosse, Bn. 
/ Cumberland and 

i7Qn ) Teviotdale, 

^799 \ Duke 

\ Armagh, Earl 
Eldon, Baron 
ft Henley, Baron 

i8oo$MoNCK, Viscount 
\ Ennismore, Baron 
iFranlcfort, Baron 
Lang ford. Baron 
\T)\i Blaquiere, Bn. 
4 ?dufferin and 
\ Claneboye, 
§Henniker, Baron 
'^Ventry, Baron 
?Wallscourt, \ 

igoo ?Dunalley, Baron 
\ Clanmoeris, ^aroH 
?Adare, Baron 
\ abandon, Earl 
\ ^Bernard, Viscount 
'{Norbury, Baron 
< Cadogan, Earl 
\ Chelsea, Viscount 
?AsHTOWN, Baron 
'^Clarina, Baron 
{Headfort, 3Iq. 
§Sligo, Blarquess 
5 Ely', Marquess 
4 Malmesbury, Earl 
I FitzHarris, Vt. 
^Clanricarde, Earl 


?AV0NM0RE, Vt. 

? Limerick, Vt. 
?Erris, Baroii 
^Gardner, Baron 
■(Somerton, Vt. 


4 {Kenmare, Earl 
\ SCastlerosse, Vt. 
{Caledon, Earl. 
Peerages 0/ U. Kingdom 
and of Ireland 

1801 ?Dunlo, Viscount 
Loftus, Baron 
Carysfort, Baron 
Exeter, Mq. 
EossLYN, Earl 
St. Vincent, Vt. 
Abercromby, Baron 
j Craven, Earl 
\ Uffington, Vt. 
\ Onslow, Earl 
\ Cranley, Viscount 
4 EoMNEY, Earl 
\ Marsham, Vt. 
Chichester, Earl 
Grey, Baron 
( Wilton, Earl 
j Grey de Y>^ilton, 
' Viscount 
Nelson, Baron 

1802 Curzon, Viscount 
■ Ellenborough, Bn. 

Sandys, Baron 
Arden, Baron 
Sheffield (of 

Sheffield), Baron 
( Melville, Vt. 
\ Duneira, Baron 

1803 ? Limerick, Earl 
?Clancarty, Earl 
j- Powis, Earl 

Clive, Viscowit 
1804' Powis, Baron 

) Herbert of Chir- 
^ bury. Baron 
1805 SiDMOUTir, Viscount 
Barham, Baron 
^ Nelson, Ea^-l 

Merton of Trafal- 

' gar. Viscount 
1806 ?Eendlesham, Bn. 
?GoSFORD, Earl 
?EossE, Earl 

Historic Peerage. 


1806 Erskixe, Baron 
JTemplbtown, Vt. 
Ardrossan, Baron 

( Anson, Viscount 
I Soberton, Baron 
MontEagle (of 
i Westport), Ba>on 

\ GiiANARD, Baron 
I Beauchamp, Baron 
j Man VERS, Earl 
I Orfokd, Earl 
I I Grev, Earl 

( Howick, Viscount 
jLorton, Viscount 
Ailsa, Baron 
Gardner, Ba7-on 

1807 Lonsdale, Earl 
Manners, Baron 

( Cathcart, Viscount 
( Greenock, Baron 

1809 Hopetoun, Baron 

< Harboavby, Earl 
I Sandon, Viscount 
\ Wellington, Vt. 

) Douro, Baron 

1810 U\iltarton, Baron 
1812 Wellington,^. (Feb.) 

Wellington,!/. (Oct.) 


< Compton, Earl 

( Wilmington,5a? o/ 
I Harewood, Earl 
\ Lascelles, Viscount 
( Mulgrave, Earl 
\ Normanby, Vt. 
( Camden, Marquess 
) Brecknock, Earl 
?Castlemaine, Bn 
'^Decies, Baron 
MiNTO, Earl 


Melgund, Viscount 

Q, . J Wellington, i'M^e 
'( Douro, Marquess 
Combermere, Baron 
Niddry, Baron 
Gordon, Viscount 
Exmouth, Baron 
Stewart of Stewart's 

Court, Baron 
Cathcart, Earl 

1815 ANGLBSEYjiJfaj-^Mess 

Trench, Baron 
Meldrum, Baron 
Grinstead, Baron 
Foxford, Baron 
Churchill, Baron 
■ Harris, Baron 
Granville, Viscount 
( Ckolmondeley, 

< Marquess 

\ Kocksavage, Earl 
.( Verulam, Earl 
\ Grimston, Viscount 
( Brownlow, Earl 
1 Alford, Viscount 
St. Germans, Earl 
S MoRLEY, Earl 
\ Boringdon, Vt. 
I Bradford, Earl 
\ Newport, Viscount 
\ Beauchamp, Earl 
\ Elmley, Viscount 
i8i5 ? Londonderry, J/g-. 

< ^Ennismore and 
) Listowel, Vt. 

i8l6?GoRT, Viscount 
Hill of Almarez, 
Baron {Vt. Hill) 

!§Conyngham, 3Iq. 
? Mount Charles, 
?Slane, Viscount 
( '^Sheffield, Earl 
\ §Pevensey, Vi. 
\ Frankfort db 

Montmorency, Vt. 
1 Mount Earl, Vt. 
De Grey, Ectrl 
Exmouth, Viscount 

1817 Colchester, Baron 

1818 ? Garvagh, Baron 

George IV., 

1821 Hutchinson, Vt. 
I Eldon, Earl 

\ Encombe, Viscount 
Howe, Earl 
Bruce, Earl 
Savernake, Vt. 
KEE(of Kersheugh), 

Minster, Baron 
Ormonde, Baron 
'Wemyss, Baron 

Oriel, Baron 
Delamere, Baron 
Forester, Baron 
Glenlyon, Baron 
Raven sworth, Bn. 
( Stradbroke, Earl 
\ Dunwich, Viscount 
Rayleigh, Baron 

1822 Temple of Stowe, 


?Kilmorev, Earl 
\ Newry & Mourne, 
MDunraven and 
\ Mount Earl, E. 
\ \ Adare, Viscount 
?!Listowel, Earl 
1800 Vane, Earl 

\ Seaham, Viscount 
Clancaety, Vt. 
1824 Gifford, Baron 
i82.=j \ Ormonde, Marquess 
?Clanricarde, Mq. 
^ Bristol, Jfar^wess 
\ Jei-myn, Earl 
SoMEKHiLL, Baron 
Wig AN, Baron 
Ranfurly, Baron 
Wharncliffe, Baron 
Feversham, Baron 
Seaford, Baron 
( Amherst, Earl 
I Holmesdale, Vt. 

827 Combermere, Vt. 
Goderich, Viscount 
Tenterden, Baron 
Plunket, Baron 

{ ^NoiiBURY, Ea.rl 
\ '^Glandine, Vt. 
I Cawdor, Earl 
\ Emlyn, Viscount 

828 Cowley, Baron 

1828 Heytesbury, Baron 
Rosebery, Baron 
Clanwilliam, Bn. 
Durham, Baron 
Skelmersdale, Bn. 

1829 Wynford, Baron 

William IV., 1830-7. 

1S01 S ?Guillamore, Vt. 
\ ?0' Grady, Baron 
I $ Talbot of Mala- 
< hide, Baron 
\ ?Malahide, Baron 
( Munster, Earl 
I FitzClarence, Vt. 
(Tewkesbury, Bn. 
Kilmarnock, Baron 
FiNGALL, Baron 
Sefton, Baron 
Clements, Baron 
Ailsa, Marcj^ucss 
( Buiiington, Earl 
I Cavendish of 
( Keighley, Baron 
KenliS, Baron 
Chawortii, Baron 
DuNMORE, Baron 
Oakley, Baron 
PoLTiMORE, Baron 
MosTYN, Baron 
Temflemoee, Baron 
Camperdown, Earl 
Westminster, 3fq. 
Ranfurly, Ea)i 
Clon curry, Baron 
Lichfield, Earl 
De Saumarez, Bn. 

1832 Godolphin, Baron 
Stanley of Bicker- 

statfe. Baron 

1833 Sutherland, Duke 
I Durham, Earl 

\ Lambton, Viscount 
Ripon, Earl 
( Grana^lle, Earl 
I Leveson, Baron 

1834 Denman, Baron 
^Carew, Baroji 
Duncannon, Baron 

1835 Abinger, Baron 
DeL'Isle and Dud- 
ley', Baron 

J Canterbury, Vt. 
\ Bottesford, Baron 
Hatherton, Baron 
Strafford, Baron 
Worlingham, Bn. 

1836 Cottenham, Baron 
Stratheden, Baron 
?Oranmore and 

Browne, Baron 

1837 Effingham, Earl 
Portman, Baron 

I DuciE, Earl 
\ Moreton, Baron 
liOVAT, Baron 
( Yarborough, Earl 
) Worsley, Baron 
Bateman, Baron 

Victoria, 1837-1901. 

Premier, Yt. Melbourne. 
1837 Innes, Earl 

,o-_ j Leicester, Earl 
\ Coke, Viscount 

1838 Normanby, 3Iq. 

( Lovelace, Earl 
\ Ockham, Viscount 
Zetland, Earl 
KiNTORE, Baron 
RossMORB, Baron 
Carew, Baron 
Db Mauley, Baron 
Wrottesley, Bn. 
Sudeley, Baron 
Methuen, Baron 

1839 Stanley of Alder- 

LEY', Baron 
Leigh, Baron 
Wenlock, Baron 
LuKGAN, Baron 
Monteagle of 

Brandon, Baron 
Seaton, Baron 

1841 Campbell (of St. 

Andrews), Barron 
Oxenfoord, Baron 
( Gainsborough, E. 
< Campden,FiscoM?i^ 
( Noel, Baron ^ 
Vivian, Baron • 
Premier, SiE R. Peel. 

1842 Hii-L, Viscount 


Clan Conal, Bn. 

1846 Gough, Baron 
H.^RDiNGE, Viscount 
j Ellesmere, Earl 

\ Brackley, Viscount 

Prem., Lord J. Russell. 

p.- \ Strafford, Earl 
( Enfield, Viscount 
Acheson, Baron 
Dartrey, Baron 

1848 Eddisbmy, Baron 
■^Bellew, Baron 

1849 Gough, Viscount 
Elgin, Baron 

1850 Clandeboye, Baron 
Londesborough, Bn. 
( Cottenham, Earl 

\ Crowhurst, Vt. 

1851 De Freyne, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1852 St. Leonards, Bn. 
Raglan, Baron 

Prcm., Vt. Palmeeston. 
1856 Aveland, Baron 
Kenmare, Baron 
Belper, Baron 
?Fermoy, Baron 
Talbot de 
HiDE, Baron 
Cowley, Earl 


Dangan, Viscount 

Ebury, Baron 
Skene, Baron 
1858 Chesham, Baron 

Premier, 'E,A.^\j OF Derby. 

1858 Chelmsford, Barov 
Churston, Baron 

1859 Leconfield, Baron 
Tredegar, Baron 



iSsgEgerton of Tatton, 
"WlNTON, Earl 

Prem., Vt. Palmeeston. 

1859 Lyveden, Baron 
I Dudley, Earl 
I Ednam, Viscount 


Vaux, Baron 
KiNNAiRD, Baron 
»86i Herbert of Lea, Bn 
Westbuby, Baron 
( EussELL, Earl 
\ Amberley, Vt. 


!Cromartie, Earl 
Tarbat, Viscount 
Castlehaven and 
MacLeod, Baron 

1863 Annaly, Baron 
Houghton, Baron 

is Athlumney, Baron 

1864 Buckburst, Baron 

Premier, Earl Eussell. 

1866 RoMiLLY, Baron 
Northbrook, Baron 
Halifax, Viscount 
Meredyth, Baron 
Kimberley, Earl 
Kenry, Baron 
Dartrey, Earl 

P-emier, Earl of Derby. 

1866 MoNCK, Baron 
Hartismere, Baron 
Lj-tton, Baron i 
Hylton, Baron | 
Pexriiyn, Baron 1 
Brancepeth, Baron\ 

1867 Cairns, Baron \ 

Premier, BEiij. Disraeli.} 

1868 Kesteven, Baron [ 
Ormathwaite, Bn. 
O'Neill, Baron 
Briuport, Viscount \ 
Napier of Mag- 

dala, Baron \ 
< Feversham, Earl \ 
\ Helmsley, Vt. j 
i JAbercorn, Duke \ 
n Hamilton, J/g. 1 

?Rathdonnell, Bn.\ 

P/'enj.,W.E. Gladstone.' 

1869 Lawrence, Baron I 
Dunning, Baron \ 
Balinhard, Baron 
Hare, Baron 
Ho\vAED of Glos- 

SOP, Baron 
Castletown, Baron 
Acton, Baron 
Kobartes, Baron 
Greville, Baron 

1870 Kildare, Baron 
O'Hagan, Baron 

1871 Sandhurst, Baron 


RiPON, Marquess 

,0-, S Duflferin, Earl 
( Clandeboye, Vt. 

1872 Ettrick, Baron 
Selborne, Baron 

1873 Breadalbane, Baron 
Poetman, Viscount 
SoMERTON, Baron 
Aberdare, Baron 

1874 MoNCREiFF, Baron 
Coleridge, Baron 
Emly, Baron 
Westminster, Duke 
Cottesloe, Baron 

Premier, B. Disraeli. 
(Earl of Beaconsfield) 
1874 Hampton, Baron 
' Connaught and 
Sussex, Earl 
875 Douglas (of Doug- 
las), Baron 
IIamsay (of Glen- 
mark), Baron 
[ Gordon (Rich- 
I mond & G.), Z>A;. 
' Kinrara, Earl 
Fermanagh, Baron 
( Abergavenny, 
\ Marquess 
( Lewes, Earl 
Harlech, Baron 
I Wharncliffe, E. 
\ Carlton, Viscount 
Alington, Baron 
Tollemache, Bn. 
Gerard, Baron 
< Northbrook, E. 
\ Baring, Viscou7it 
Sackville, Baron 
Norton, Baron 
Cranbrook, Viscount 
H Cairns, Earl 
\ Garmoyle, Vt. 
l»ao Shute, Baron 
Bolsover, Baron 
» Lytton, Earl 
\ Knebworth, Vt. 
Haldon, Baron 
Wimborne, Baron 
Ardilaun, Baron 
Lathom, Earl 
Lamington, Baron 
J Sondes, Earl 
\ Throwley, Vt. 
Donington, Baron 
Trevor, Baron 

Prem.,'W. E. Gladstone. 

1880 Brabourne, Baron 

1881 Ampthill, Baron 
( Albanv, Duke 
\ Clarence, Enrl 
( iirklov,', Baron 
Tweeddale, Baron 
Howtii, Huron 
Reay, Baron 
Derwent, Baron 
Hothfield, Baron 
Tweedmouth, Bn. 

1882 Wolseley, Baron 
i««oJ Selborne, Earl 

Wolmer, Viscount 
1884 Tennyson, Baron 
Hampden, Viscount 

1884 Strathspey, Baron 
Monk Bretton, Bn. 
Northbouene, Bn. 
Sudlev, Bn. (E. of 

Herries, Baron 


Rothschild, Baron 
Revelstoke, Baron 
HoBHOUSE, Baron 
LiNGEN, Baron 
( Breadalbane, Ji^. 
( Ormelie, Earl 
Fife, Earl 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1885 Halsbury, Baron 

I Iddesleigh, Earl 
\ St. Cyres, Viscount 
Ashbourne, Baron 
St. Oswald, Baron 
Esher, Baron 
Wolseley, Vt. 
Deramore, Baron 
Montagu of Beau- 
lieu, Baron 
Elphinstone, Bn. 
Colville of Cul- 
ross. Baron 

1886 HiLLiNGDON, Baron 
HiNDLiP, Baron 
Grimthoepe, Baron 

Prem. , W, E. Gladstone. 
1886 Herschell, Bn. (in 
precedence before 
Bn. Hillingdon) 
Stalbeidge, Baron 
Kensington, Bn. 
Burton, Bn. (orig.) 
Hamilton of Dal- 

ZELL, Baron 
Brassey, Baron 
Turing, Baron 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1886 Cross, Viscount 
Stanley of Preston, 

De Montalt, Earl 

1887 Macnaghten, 

Baron (life) 
I Londesboeough, 
j Earl 

\ Raincliffe, Viscount 
Bowes, Baron 
MoNCKTON, Baron 
St. Levan, Baron 

Basing, Baron 
De Ramsey, Baron 
Cheylesmore, Bn. 
Addington, Baron 

1888 Knutsford, Baron 
Savile, Baron 


I 3farquess 
\ Ava, Earl 
,QQ„ ( Fife. Duke 

) Macduflf, :\larquess 

1890 Field, Baron 

1891 IvEAGH, Baron 

i8gi Mount Stephen, 
Masham, Baron 
Macdonald of 
Hambleden, Vctss. 
189? Roberts of Kanda- 
har, Baron 
Kelvin, Baron 
Argyll, Dulce 
I York, Duke 
\ Inverness, Earl 
\ Killamey, Baron 
Cromer, Baron 
< Cranbrook, Earl 
\ Medway, Baron 
Ancaster, Earl 
Ashcombe, Baron 
Blythswood, Bn. 
Crawshaw, Baron 
Amherst of Hack- 
ney, Baron 
Newton, Baron 
DuNLEATH, Baron 
Llangattock, Bn. 
I Zetland, Mq. 
\ Ronaldshay, Earl 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 

1892 Playfaib, Baron 
Battersea, Baron 

1893 Swansea, Baron 
Farree, Baron 
OvEETOUN, Baron 
Hawkesbury, Bn. 
Stanmore, Baron 

1894 Rendel, Baron 
Welby, Baron 

Prem., EarlofEosebery 

1894 Davey, Baron (life) 

1895 Peel, Viscount 

( Careington, Earl 
\ Wendover, T7. 
Crewe, Earl 
Loch, Baron 
Wandsworth, Bn. 
AsHTON, Baro7i 
Burghclere, Bn. 

Prem., M. of Salisburv. 

1895 Knutsford, Vt. 
Llandaff, Viscount 
James op Here- 
ford, Baron 

Rathmore, Baron 
Glenesk, Baron 

1896 Aldenham, Baro7i 
Heneage, Baron 
Roos of Belvoir, Bn. 
RosMEAD, Baron 

1897 KiNNEAR, Baron 
Lister, Baron 

/ Egerton of Tat- 
I ton. Earl 
( Salford, Viscoujit 
Fairlie, Baron 
Dawnay, Baron 
Ludlow, Baron 
HolmPatrick, Bn. 
Inverclyde, Baron 
Strathcona & Mt. 

Royal, Bn. (orig.) 
Esher, Viscount 

Historic Peerage — Peerages Extinct. 


1897 BuRi'OJC, Baron 
(Hew patent) 

iSnS J Halsbury, Earl 
\ Tiverton, Viscount 
Nevvlands, Baron 
Faequhar, Baron 
Haliburton, Baron 
^CuRzox ofICedle- 

STON, Baron 
Kitchener of 
Khartoum, Baron 

1899 Cromer, Vise. 
Currie, Baron 
Glanusk, Baron 
Brampton, Baron 

1899 CRANWORTH, i?<7T0W 

Dorchester, Bnss. 

(new creation) 
EOBERTSON, JB« (lif e) 

1900 NORTHCOTE, Baron 
AvEBURY, Baron 

( Fife, Duke (new 
< patent) 
( Macduflf, Earl 
LiNDLEY, Bn. (life) 
Strathcona & Mt. 

Royal, Bn. (new 



O'Brien, Baron 
Alverstone, Baron 

1900 GoscHEN, Viscount 
I Ridley, Vise. 

\ "Wensleydale, Bn. 
r Roberts, Earl 
^9°^ I St. Pierre, Vise. 

Edward VII., 1901. 

1901 Mibier, Baron 
j Cromer, Earl 
\Erringtoii, Vise. 
4 Wales, Prince 

\ Chester, Earl 

1902 Kitchener op 

Khartoum, Vise. 
Colville of 
CuLROSS, Vise. 

1902 Churchill, Vise, 


Kinross, Baron 


Allerton, Baron 
Barrymore, Baron 
Grenfell, Baron 
Knollys, Baron 
Redesdale, Baron 
Linlithgow, Mq. 

Prem., A. J. Balfour. 

1903 BuRNHAM, Baron 
BiDDULPH, Baron 
EsTCOURT, Baron 
Armstrong, Baron 


*»* The mark t denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish; * or unmarked, Imperial : ab., abeyant ; dm., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Li fe Baronies see under ' Life 1 eers. ; 
—Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind j 
advice of Mr. Cokayne, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing idea that the name is 
Guelph he dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Ghnstian name of a mediaeval Duke of Bavana 
whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of Este, and it is from that couple that the Hanoverian line are 1 
descended. Hence D'Este (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his cliildren) comes nearer to a correct name 
than the above, whilst Ouelph d'JSste has been supplied us by another authority. But neither of these names 
can hold good any later than the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and desc^ndetl 
from the ancient Counts of Wettin, which has/changed the present line to that of " Saxony " " a-.^^.nr.h,,-,-^ 
and presumably made Wettin its surname if it possesses one at all '^-^^ j.i,„4. ,„„„j — a h 1 

• Saxe-Coburg, 
-both that word and FEste being really local 

Airey Bny. {Airey), 1876-81. 

Alcester Bny. [Seymour), 1882-95. 
?Aldborough Eldm. {Stratford), 1777-1875. 
?Allen Vcty. [Allen), 1717-1845. 

Alvanley Bny. [Arden), 1801-57. 

Amesbury Bny. [Dundas), 1832 only. 

Armstrong Bny. [Armstrong), 1887-1900. [Re- 
vived 1903.] 

Ashburton Bny. [Dunning), 1782-1823. 

Aston Bny. [Aston), 1627-1845. 
?Athlone Eldm. [Ginkel), 1692-1844. 

Auckland Eldm. [Edeji), 1839-49. 

AvDi,^YBnY. {Thicknesse-Touchet),i2l3-lS'J2[al.). 
JBantrY Eldm. ( White), 1816-91. 

Barnewall Vcty. [Barnewall), 1646-1833 [dm.). 

Barrogill Bny. [Sinclair), 1866-89. 
SBarrymore Eldm. [Barry), 1628-1824. 

Baynino Bny, [Powlett), 1797-1866. 

Beaconsfield {pron. Beek-) Eldm. [Disraeli, 
pron. Dizrayly), 1876-81. (Pronunciations as 
corrected by Mr. C. Disraeli, M.P.) 

Beaconsfield Vcty. [Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 

Beresford Vcty. [Beresford), 1823-54. 

Bexley Bny. [Vansittart), 1823-51. 

Blachford Bny. [Sogers), 1871-89. 
+BLANTYRE Bny. [Stuart), 1606-1900. 
?Blayney Bny. [Blayney), 1621-1874 [dm.). 
JBlessington Eldm. [Gardiner), 1816-29. 

Bloomfield Bny. [Bloomfield), ^1825 1*1871 ) -79, 

Bourchier Bny. [Townshend), 1342-1855 {dm.) 

Bramwell Bny. {Bramwell), 1882-92. 
? Brandon Bny. {Crosbie), 1776-1832. 

Breadalbane Mqte., 1st cr. {Camphell), 1831-62. 

Bridgewater Eldm. {Egerton), 1617-1829. 

Broughton Bny. {Hohhouse), 1851-69. 

Buckingham and Chandos JDkdm. {Temple-N.- 

B.-C.-Grenville), 1822-89. 
SBulkele Y Vcty. ( Bulkeley), 1 643 ( *Bnv . 1 874) - 1 822 . 
?Caher Bny. {Butler), 1583-1858 {dm.). 

Cambridge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 
Culloden Bny. (Roy. Fam.), 1801-1904. 

Canning Eldm. {Canning), 1859 (Vcty. 1828) -62. 

Cardwell Vcty. ( Cardwell), 1874-86. 
ICarhampton Eldm. {Luttrell), 1^5-1829. 

Carleton Vcty. {Carleton), 1797-1825. 

Carlingford Bny. ( Parkinson-Fortescue), 1874-98. 

Carteret Bny. [Thynne), 1784-1S49. 

Castlecoote Bny. [Coote), 1800-27. 
^Castlemaine YctY. [Handcock), 1822-39. 
jCHARLEMONTEldm. (6'a?tZ/ei7d), 1763 (^1837) -1892. 

Charlevillk Eldm. {Bury), 1806-75. 

Chatham Eldm. [Pitt), 1766-1833. 

Clanbrassil Bny. [Jocelyn), 1821-97. 

Clare ?Eldm. [FltzGihhon), 1795 (*Bny. 1799) 

Clarence and Avondale Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 

Clarence and St. Andrews Dkdm., and ?Mun- 
STER Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1789-1837- 
? Clermont Eldm. {Fortescue), 1778-1829; *Bny. 

§ Do, 'Bny. {Parkinson-Fortescue), \%2-C)%. 

Cleveland Dkdm. {Powlett), 1833-91. 

Clyde Bny. ( Camphell), 1858-63. 

Colborne Bny. [Ridley -CoWorne), 1839-54- 
?Coleraine Bny. {Hanger), 1762-1824. 

Colons AY Bny. {M'Neill), 1867-74. 

Compton Bny. {Toivnshend), 1572-1855 (a5.). 

CoNNEMARA Bny. {Bourke), 1887-1902. 

CoRNWALLis Mqte. (Cor^wrt^Zjs), 1792- 1823; Eldm. 

1753-1852. I 
tCRANSTOUN Bny. {Cranstouu), 1609-1869. 

Cranworth Biiy., older cr. {Rolfe), 1850-68. | 

Crewe Bny. {Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 
Eldm. 1895.] 

Dalling and Bulwer Bny. {Bulwer), 1871-2. 

DAWNAvBny. {Dawnay), 1796-1832. 

De Dunstanville Bny. {Basset), 1796-1835. 

De Freyne Bny. older cr. {French), 1839-56. 

De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826-95. 

De Vesci Bny. {Vesey), 1884-1903 (JVcty. re- 

DiGBY Eldm. {Digbtj), 1790-1856. 

Dinobben Bny. {Hughes), 1831-52. 

Dorchester Bny. older cr. {Carleton), 1786-1897, 

Dorset Dkdm. {Sackville), 1720-1843. 

Douglas op Douglas Bny. {Douglas), 1790-1857, 

Dover Bny. {Agar-Ellis), 1831-99. 
?DowNES Bny. {Burgh), i»22-64. 
? Do. Do. {De Burgh), 1822-63. 
?Drogheda Mqte, {Moore), 1791 (*Moore Bny, 
1801) -1892. 



D.TDLEY Eldm., older cr. ( Ward), 1827-33. 
tDuFFUS Bny, {SuHierhnd- Dunbar), 1650-^1876 

(imder attainder 1715-1826), 
Dunfermline Bny. [Ahercomhtj), 1839-68. 
ijDuNGANNON Vcty. [HUl-Trevor), 1765-1862, 
■^Eaedley Bny. [Eardley), 1789-1824. 
EDI^^BURGH Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1900. 
Egremont Eldm. ( Wyndham), 1749-1845. 
Ellenborough Eldm. {Law), 1844-71. 
Elphinstone Bny. {ElpJnnstone), 1859-60 (Seott. 

Bny. continuing). 
Ennishowen and Carrickfergus Bny. 

(Chichester), 1841-83. 
EvERSLEY Vcty. (Shaw-Lefevre), 1857-88. 
Ealmouth Eldm. (Boscawm), 1821-52. 
Farnborough Bny. (Zon 9), '1826-38! 

Do. Do. (3f«z/), i885 only. 

cFarnham Eldm. [Maxwell), 1785-1823 (Bny. 
sur\-ive.s) . 

Ferrers of Chartley Bny. [Toionshend), 1299- 

FiFE Bny. ( Duff), 1827-57. [1855 {dm.). 

FitzGerald ANDVESEYBny. iVesey-FHzGerald), 
?FitzGerald 1826-60, *Vesey 1835-43. 

Fitzhardinge Eldm. { Berkeley) \i84i~5'7- 

FiTzwALTER Bny. {Bridges), 1868-75. 
JFiTz WILLI AM Vcty. {Fitzivilliam), 1609-1833. 

FuKNivAL Bny. ( Talbot), 1839-49. 

Gambier Bny. ( Gambier), 1807-33. 

Gardner Bny. [Gardner), i8o5 [\i8oo) -83 [dm. ) . 

Glastonbury Bny. [Grenv'dle), 1793-1826. 
SG'lenbervie Bny. [Douglas), 1800-23. 

Glenelg Bny. [Gra;it), 1835-66. 
vGlengall Eldm. [Butler), 1816-58. 

Gloucester and Edinburgh Dkdm. and ^ Con- 
naught Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1764-1834. 
+G0RDON Dkdm. {Gordon), older cr. 1684-1836. 

Gkenville Bny. {Gvenviile), 1790-1834. 

Grey de Radcliffe Bny. [Egerton), 1875-85. 

Hamilton Bny. [Hamilton), 1831-68. 

Hammond Bny. [Hammond), 1874-90. 

Hampden Vcty., older cr. [Trevor), 1776-1824. 

Hanmer Bny. [Hanmer), 1872-81, 

Habborough Eldm. [Sherard), 1719-1859. 

Harcourt Eldm. (^Tarcoi^rO, 1749-1830. 
?Hartland Bny. (Mahon), iSoo-45. 

Hastings Mqte. [Uawdon- Hastings), i8i5-68. 

Hatherley Bnv. {Page- IVood), 1868-81. 

Hill Bny. [Hill), 1814-42. 

Holland Bny. [Fox), 1763-1859. 

Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hood), 1892-1901. 

Howden Bnj'. {Caradoc), 1831 (■oi8i9)-73. 

Hunsdon Bny. {Gary), 1830-84. 

Hutchinson (Bny. {Hutchinson), 1801-32. 

Inverness Dkdm. ( Underwood), 1840-73. 

Keane Bny. {Keane), 1839-1901. [1867. 

Keith Vcty. {Elphinstone), 1814-23 ; \ Bny,, 1797- 

Kelhead Bny. {Douglas), 1893-4. 
tKENMURE Vcty. {Gordon), 1633-1847 {dm.). 

Kent and Strathearn Dkdm. and 5 Dublin 

Eldm. (Roy. Fam), 1799-1820. 
{Kilkenny Eldm. {Butler), 1793-1846. 

KiLWARDENVcty. {Wolfe), 1800-30. 

Kingsdown Bny. {Leigh), 1858-67. 

Kingston Bny. {King), 1821-69. 
tKiRKCUDBRiGHT Bny. {M'Clellan), 1633-1832. 

Knightley Bny. {Knightley), 1892-5. 

Lake Vcty. {Lake), 1807-48, 
oLandaff Eldm, [Matheiv), 1797-1833 [dm.). 

Lanerton Bny. ( Howard), 1873-80. 

Langdale Bny. [Bickersteth), 1836-51. 

Lauderdale Bny. [Maitland), 1806-63. 

Leicester Eldm,, one of the older creations 
[Townsltend), 1784-1855. 

Leighton Bny. [Leighton), 1896 only. 

Lisgar Bny. [Young), 1870-6. 

: ? Li SMORE V cty. ( 0' Callaghan ), 1806 (*Bny. 1838) -98; , 

I Liverpool Eldm. (,/ewA;ini?o«)« 1796-1851. 

j Llanover Bnv. [Hall), 1859-67. 

ULuDLOW Eldm. [Ludlow), 1831 (Bny. ? !755, 

* i83i )-42. 
i '^Lyndhurst Bny. [Copley), 1817-63. 
! Lynedoch Bny. [Graham), 1814-43. 
I Lyons Vcty. [Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i855)-87. 
I Macaulay Bny. [Macaiday), 1857-9. j 
I Malcolm of Poltalloch Bny. [Malcolm), 1896- ' 
I 1902. 

j Marjoribanks Bny. (i?o&eWsoH), 1873 only. 

j ? Maryborough Bny. [Pole. - T. -L.- WeUe.sley), I 

! 1821-63. i 

i Maynard Vcty. ( Maynard), i755(aBny. i52o)-i855. j 

j ^Melbourne Vcty. [Lamb), 1781 (*Bny. 1815) | 

j Melrose Bny. (H"awii?!5on), 1827-58. [-1853. | 

1 Metcalfe Bny. (Mefca.l/e), 1845-6. 

! MiLFORD Bny. [Philipps), 1776-1823; 2nd r. 

i 1847-57- 

! ^MiLLTOWN Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-1891 [dm.). 
I Montagu Bny. [Montagu), 1770-1845. 
I MoNTFORD Bny. {Bromley), 1741-1851. 
' ? MouNTNORRis Eldm. {Annesley), 1793-1844. 

Mount Sandford Bny. {Sandford), 1800-46. 

Mount Temple Bny. {Cowper- Temple), 1880 -3. 
JNetterville Vcty. {Nettei-ville), 1622-1882. 
^Newcomen Vcty. {Newcomen), 1803-25. 

North vn'ick Bny. {Rushout), 1797-1887. 

Nugent Bny. {Nugmt), 1800-50, [1800-41 
50'Neill Vcty, {O'Neill), 1795-1855; *Eklm. 

Ongley Bny. {Henley -Ongley), 1776-1877. 
^Ormonde Mqte. [Butler), 1816 ('Butler Bny. 
1801) -20. [Revived 1825; *Bny. 1821.] 

Ossington Vcty. [Dmison), 1872-3. 

OvERSTONE Bny. [Loyd), 1850-83. 

Oxenbridge Vcty. [Monson), 1886-98. 

Oxford Eldm. [Harley), 1711-1853. 
JPalmerston Vcty. [Temple), 1722-1865. 

Panmure Bny. [Mau^e-Ramsay), 1831-74. 

Pauncefote Bny. [Pauncefote, 1899-1902. 

Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 

PiRBRiOHT Bny. {De Worms), 1895-1903. 

Plymouth Eldm. ( Windsor), 1682-1843. 

Pomfret Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 

PoNSONBY(of Imokilly) Bny. {Pon.sonby), i8o5-56 
tPoRTMORE Eldm. [Colyear), 1703-1835. 

Prudhoe Bny. [Percy), 1816-65. 
5RANCLIFFE Bny. {Parkyns), 1795-1850. 
iSRANELAGH Vcty. {Jones), 1628-1885. 
^Rathdowne Eldm. {Monck), 1822-48. 

R-AVENSWORTH Eldm. {Liddell), 1874-1904 
(leaving Bny. extant). 

Redesdale Eldm. {Freeman- Mitford), 1877 (Bny. 
1802 )-86. [Revived 1902.] 

Rivers Bny. (Pi«), 1776-1828; Do. {Pitt Rivers), 
^Riversdale Bny. {Tonson), 1783-1861. [1802-80 

RocHFORD Eldni. {Nassau), 1695-1830. 
?RoKEBYBnv. {Moyitagu-Robinson), 1777-18S3. 

RoLLE 'Buy". {Rolle), 1796-1842. 

RoOKWOOD Bny. {Selivin-Ibbetson), 1892-1902. 
?RoscoMMON Eldm. {Dillon), 1622-1850. 

Ross Bny. {Boyle), 1815-90, 

RossiE Bny. {Kinnaird), 1831-78, 

RowTON Bny. {Lowry-Corry), 1880-1903. 
9 St. Helens Bny. {Fitz Herbert), 1791 (*i8oi)-i839.. 

St. Maur Eldm. {St. Maur), 1863-85. 

St. Vincent Eldm. {Jervis), 1797-1823. 

Sandford Bny. {Sandford), 1891-3. 
tSELKiRK Eldm. {Douglas), 1646-1885 (i??B.) 

Selsey Bny. [Selsey), 1794-1838. 

Shand Bny. (Shand) 1892-1904. 

Sherbrooke Vcty. [Loive), 1880-92, 

SOLWAY Bny. {Douglas), 1831-7. 

SOMERR Eldm. [Sorners- Cocks), 1821-83. 

Peerages Extinct — The Frivij GounciL 


+SoMKRViLi,ti Bny. {Sorneri-ille)^ i^y^^iBrjo {dm.) , 
StawSl Bny. [Leggt)^ 1760-1820. 
Stowell Bny. [Scott], isai'^sS. 
Stkangford' Vcty; {Sm>/the), 1628 ( -'PEnshttrst 

Bny. 1825) -1869. 
Stratford de Redci.ifi'E Vcty. {Canning), 1852- 

Strathn'Airn Bny. (fiosfi), 1866-85. 
Strathspey Bny. {Ogilvie-Gra7d), 1858-84. 
Stuart de DEciEsBny. {VUUers-Stuart), 1830-74 

Stoart de Rothesay Bny. {Stuari), 1828-45. 

Sussex DkcTm. and Inverness Eldm. (Hoy. 
Fam.), 1801-34. 

Sydenham Bny. [Thomson), 1840-1. 

Sydney Eldm. {To^vnshend), 1874 (Bny. 1783) -90. 

Tadcaster Bny. {O'Brien), 1826-46. 
§Tara Bny. {Preston), 1800-21. 

Taunton Bny. {Lahouchere), 1859-69. 

Thanet Eldm. {Tufton), 1628-1849. 
JThomond Mqte. {O'Brien), 1800 (^"Bny. i8oi)-55. 

tTRAQUAiR Eldm. {Stnart)^ 1683-1861 {dm.). 

Truro Bny. ( Wilde), 1850-99. 
JTyrawley Bny. {Cuff), 1797-1821. 
jTYRCONNELL Eldm. {Carpenter), 1761-1853. 

Wallace Bny. ( Wallace), 1828-44. 

Wantage Bny. {Loyd-Lindsay), 1885-1901. 

Warrington Eldm. {Grey), 1769-1883. 

Waveney Bny. {Adair), 1873-86. 
^Wellesley Mqte. {Wellesley), 1799-1842. 

Wenlock Bny. {Lnwiey), 1831-2. [Revived 1839.] 

Wenman Bny. ( Wykeham), 1834-70. 

Wensleydale Bny. {Parke), 1856-68. [Revived 

Western Bny. {Western), 1833-44. 
^Westmeath Mqte. {Nugent), 1822-71. 
Whitworth Eldm. {Whitworth), 1815 (§Bny. 
1800) -25. 

WiNMARLEiGH Bny. {Wilson -Patten), 1874-92. 

York and Albany Dkdm. and §TJlster Eldm. 
(Roy. Earn.), 1784-1827. [York revived 1892, 
Albany 1881, ^Ulster 1866-1900.] 


This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its 
proceedings, however, are not published, and, except in the rare instances of a general 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an honourable sinecure. A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign's will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. The number, 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are some 250 in 
the Council of Great Piritain and 60 in that of Ireland (but 18 of these are members 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of " Rt. 
Hon." The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the ! 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined j 
as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates in Council, to prox^ose i 
matters from the Sovereign," and report tlie issue. The Sovereign with its advice ' 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- ; 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The Judicial Committee of the Privy j 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but ! 
only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments in the lav/. The | 
former judicial functions of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst j 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the 
Colonial Judges have ])een recently added to this Committee. j 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ii'eland, though Scotland is content to ; 
participate in the larger and more important one, the former being concerned solely with j 
Irish affairs. The members of both Councils range down from the first Prince of the \ 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of " Right | 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has j 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their | 
position as Councillors except by the added letters "P. C. ;" and "Right Honourable" 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of " Most Honourable " or "His Grace," 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged in accordance ' 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to familiarise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members. Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England, then two of Scotland (Buccleuch and Argyll, 
whose older title is Scottish), next two of Great Britain (Portland and Northumberland), 
and then one of the United Kingdom (Fife). The Marquesses follow on the same system. 
! Next come the Earls, headed by two Household officials, and followed by younger sons 
I of Dukes ; next the Viscounts, with an Earl's eldest son ; the Marquesses' younger sons ; 
I the Bishop of London [ex officio, as are the Archbishops) ; the Barons ; the Speaker ; 
j Secretaries of State who are commoners, amongst whom is one Viscount's eldest son ; 



Earls' youngei* sons ; and now the Table of Precedency reaches the grade of the Privy 
Council itself, from which point all distinctions are disregarded — Baronets, Knights, 
and lay members — and the names pi'oceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while 
recognising the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for 
practical use a list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of entry 
the member belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an /. denotes that of Ireland ; 
and G. B. d: I. marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official 
list the members are termed Privy Counsellors, which is correct in view of the wise 
counsel they are supposed to give ; but they are equally CounctZlors as being members of 
a Council. The Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 

Lord President of the Council, The Marquess of Londonderry, e.g., g.c.v.o. 
President of Irish Council, H.E. The Lord Lieutenant, Earl of Dudley, g.m.p. 
Senior Meniber, The Duke of Rutland, k.g. 

1890; I. 

Abercorn, Duke of, k.g. 
I Aberdeen, Earl of, g.c.m.g, 
I Acland, Arthur H. Dyke 

: .Allerton, Lord G 

\ Alverstone, Lord, g.c.m.g- 

Ancaster, Earl of 

Andrews, Thomas I. 

Andrews, William D I. 

Argyll, Duke of, r.t 

Ashbourne, Ld I. 1877; G.B. 

Ashcombe, Lord 

Ashley, Hon. Evelyn M 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., k.c 

Atkinson John, k.c I. 

\ Avebury, Lord 

! Balfour, Arthur J., G. B. 1885 ; I. 

Balfour, Gerald AV., I.1895 : G.B. 

Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, bl.t. . 

Bannerman (Campbell-), Sir Hy., 
G.c.B G.B. 1884 ; I. 

Barrymore, Lord I. 

Barton, Hon. Sir Edmund, k.c , 

Beach (Hicks-), Sir Michael E., 
Bt G.B. &I. 

Belmore, Earl of I. 

Belper, Lord 

Bertie, Hon. Sir Eras. L., k.c b. 

Bond, Hon. Sir Robt.,K.c.M.G... 

Bonser, Sir Jno. W 

Booth, Charles 

Brackenbury, Gen. Sir Henry, 


Brampton, Lord 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g 

Brodrick, Hon. Wm. St. John F. 

Brownlow, Earl 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford 

Bruce, Sir Henry H., Bt I. 

Bruen, Henry I. 

Bryce, James 

Buccleuch, Duke of, k.g., k.t. .. 
Buller, Gen. Sir Redvers H., 

G.c.n 1. 

Burghclere, Lord 

I Cailogan, Earl, k.g 

Campbell, Jas. Alex 

Canterbury, Archbp. of 

Carrington, Earl, g.c.m.g 

Carson, Sir Edwd. H., k.c L 

Cart Wright, Sir Eichard J., 


Cassel, Sir Ernest, k.c.m.g 

Chamberlain, Joseph 

Chamberlain, J. Austen 

Chaplin, Henry 

Charles, Sir Arthur 

Chatterton, Hedges E I 

I. 1887 




Chesham, Lord, k.c.b igox 

Chesterfield, Earl of 1894 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 190X 

Christian, H.R.H. Prince, k.g. 1894 

Clarendon, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Cloabrock, Lord, k. p. ........ I. 1898 

Collings, Jesse 1892 

Collins, Sir Richd. Henn 1897 

Colomb, Sir James, K.C.M.G. ..I. 1903 
Connaught, H.R.H. Duke of 

G.B. 1871 ; I. 1900 
Cork & Orrery, Earl of, k.f. . . 1866 

Couch, Sir Richd 1875 

Courtney, Leonard H 1889 

Coventry, Earl of 1877 

Cowper, Earl, k.g 1871 

Cranbrook, Earl of, g.c.s.i i866 

Crewe, Earl of 1892 

Cromer, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Cross, Vise, g.c.b 1874 

Crossley, Sir Savile B., Bt 1902 

Currie, Lord, g.c.b 1894 

Curzon of Kedleston, Lord, 

G.M.S.l 1895 

Dartmouth, Earl of 1885 

Davey, Lord 1893 

Day, Sir Jno. Chas 1502 

Derby, Earl of, k.g 1878 

De Villiers,Hon. Sir J ohn Henry, 

K.C.M.G 1897 

Devonshire, D. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1866; I. 1871 

Dickson, Chas. Scott, k.c 1903 

Dickson, Thos. A I. 1893 

Dilke, Sir Chas. W., Bt 1882 

Dimsdale, Sir Joseph C, Bt.,_ 

R.c.v.o 1902 

Dixon, Sit Danl., Bt I. 1902 

Dorington, Sir Jno., Bt 1902 

Douglas (Akers-), Aretas 1891 

Ducie, Earl of 1859 

Dudley, Earl of, g.m.p .'. . 1902 

Duff (Grant-), Sir Jlountstuart 

E., G.C.S.I 1880 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, Earl 

of.K.p L 1899 

Durand,Sir H . M ortimer.o. c. m. g. 1901 
Dyke, Sir AVilliam Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880 ; 1. 1885 
Edwards, Lt.-Col. Sir Fleetwood 

Isham, G.c.v.o 1895 

Egerton, Sir Edwin Hy., g.c.m.g. 1904 
Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, k.g. i836 
Elliot, Hon.Sir Henry G., g.c.b. 1867 

Erne, Earl of, k.p 1902 

Fane (Ponsonby-), Hon. Sir 

Spencer C. B., g.c.b 1901 

Fergusson .Sir Jas., Bt., g.c.s.i. i863 

ield, Lord 1890 

Fife, Duke of, k.t 1880 

Finch, Geo. Hy. 1902 

Fingall, Earl of 1. 1892 

FitzGibbon, Gerald. .1. 1879; G.B. 1900 
Fletcher (Aubrey-), Sir Henry, 

Bt., c.B 1901 

Foljambe, Fras. J. Savile 1895 

Forrest, Hon. Sir John, g.c.m.g. 1897 

Forster (Arnold-), Hugh D 1903 

Fowler, Sir Henry H., G.C.S.I. .. 1886 

Fry, Sir Edward 1883 

Fry, Lewis 1901 

Gibson, John G I. 1887 

Gladstone, Herbert J 1894 

Goldie, Sir George D. T., k.c m.g. 1898 

Gorst, Sir John E., k.c 1890 

Goschen, Vise 1865 

Grey, Sir Edwd., Bt 1902 

Griffith, Hon. Sir Samuel W., 

g.c.m.g 1901 

Gully, Wm. Court, k.c 1895 

Haldane, Richd. B 1902 

Ilalsbury. Earl of (Ld. Chanc.) 1885 j 

Halsey, Thos. Fredk 1901 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 1878 I 

Hardinge, Hon. Sir Chas. H. j 

K.C.M.G 1904 

Hardy (Cozens ), Sir Herb. H. . . 1901 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 1900 

Hay (Dalrymple-), Adm. Sir 

Jno. C, Bt., g.c.b 1874 i 

Hayter, Sir Arthur D., Bt 1894 

Hemphill, Chas. Hare, k.c. ..I. 1895 

Heneage, Lord 1886 

Hertford, Marq. of 1879 

Hibbcrt, Sir Jno. T., k.c.b 1886 

Hill, Alex. Staveley, k.c 1892 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 1885 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Hon. Sir Albt. 

H., K.C.M.G 1902 

Hobhouse, Lord, k.c.s.i 1881 

Hobhouse, Henry 190a 

Hogg, Jonathan I. 1902 

Holmes, Hugh L 1883 

Huntly, Marq. of i83i 

Ilchestei-, Earl of 1874 

James of Hereford, Lord X883 

Jeffreys, Arth. F 1902 

Jersey, Earl of, g.c.b 1890 

Jeune, Sir Fmnois H., g.c.b. . . 1892 

Johnson, Wm. Moore I. 1881 

Kelvin, Lord, g.c.v.o., f.r.s 1902 

Kenmare, Earl of, K.p 1857 

Kennaway, Sir John H., Bart. . . 1897 
Kenny, Wm. (Justice) T. 1902 

The Privy Council — The Baronetage. 


I Kenrick, William . ; 1899 

Kingston, Hon. Charles C, ii.c. 1897 

Kinross, Lord 1883 

Kintore, Earl of, G.ot.o .... 1886 

Knox, Sir Ralph H., k.c.b 1903 

Knutsford, Vise, g.c.m.g 1885 

Lansdowne, Marq. of, k.g 1895 

Lascelles, Sir Frank C. , g. c.b. . . 1894 
Laurier, Hon. Sir Wilfrid, k.c, 

G.C.M.G 1897 

Lefevre (Shaw-), Geo. J 1880 

Leigh, Lord 1895 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 1891 

Leven and Melville, Earl of 1902 

Lindley, Lord 1881 

Linlithgow, Mai-q. of, k.t 1895 

Lister, Lord, f.r.s 1902 

Llandaff' Vise 1886 

London, Bishop of 1901 

Londonderry, Marq. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1886 ; I. 1892 

Long, Walter H 1895 

Lopes, Sir L. Massey, Bt 1885 

Lowther, Jas. Wm 1898 

Lyall, Sir Alfred, G.C.I. E 1902 

Lyttelton, Hon. Alfred, k.c 1903 

Macartney, Wm. G. E 1900 

Macdonald, Sir John H. A.,k.c.b. 1885 
MacDonnell, Sir Antony P„ 

G.c.s.i G.B. 1902; I. 1903 

Macnaghten, Lord 1887 

Madden, Dodgson H 1. 1889 

Malet, Sir Edwd. B., Bt., g.c.b. 1885 

Marlborough, Duke of 1899 

Mathew, Sir If as. C 1901 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E., Bt 1897 

Mayo, Earl of I. 1900 

Meath, Earl of I. 1887 

Mellor, Jno. Wm., k.c 1886 

Milner, Vise, g.c.b 1901 

Milner, Sir Frederick G., Bt. . . 1900 

Minto, Earl of, g.c.m.g 190a 

Monson,Hon.SirEdmd.J.,G.c.B. 1893 

Morley, Earl of 1886 

Morley, Arnold 1892 

j Morley, John G.B. & I. 1886 

Mount Edgcumbe, Earl of, 

o.c.v.o 1879 

Murray, And. Graham, k.c 1896 

Nelson, Hon. Sir Hugh M., 

k.c.m.g 1897 

Noel, Hon. Gerard J 1874 

Norfolk, Duke of, k.g 1895 

North, Sir Ford 1900 

Northbrook, Earl of, G.C.S.I 1869 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 1874 

Norton, Lord, k.c.m.g 1858 

O'Brien, Lord L 1888 

O'Conor, Sir Nicholas R., g.c.b. 1896 
O'Conor Don,The( C. 0. O'Conor )I. 1881 

Onslow, Earl of, G.C.M.G 1903 

Ormonde, Marq. of, k.p I. 1902 

Otway, Sir Arthur J., Bt 1885 

Paget, Sir Richd. H., Bt 1895 

Palles, Christopher. .L 1872; G.B. 1892 

Pearson (Ld.), Sir Chas. J 1891 

Peel, Vise 1884 

Peel, Sir Fredk., k.c.m.g 1857 

Pembroke & Montgomery, E. of, 

G.c.v.o 1895 

Pirrie, Wm. Jas I. 1897 

Pluukett, Hon. Sir Fras. R., 

G.C.B 19OI 

Plunkett, Hon. Sir Horace C, 

K.c.v.o I. 1897 

Poltimore, Lord 1872 

Porter, Sir Andrew Bt. . . . I. 1883 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 1886 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M., 

G.C.B., 1901 

Rathmore, Lord 1880 

Reid, Hon. George H 1897 

Revelstoke, Lord 1902 

Ribblesdale, Lord 1892 

Ridgeway, Sir J. West, G.C.M.G. I. 1889 

Ridley, Vise 1892 

Ripon, Marq. of, k.g 1863 

Ritchie, Chas. Thomson 1886 

Roberts, Fd.-Mrsh. Earl, k.g., 

K.p-, fer L 1895; G.B. 1901 

Robertson, Lord 1888 

Robinson, Sir Hy. Aug., K.C.B. I. 1902 

Romer, Sir Robert, g.c.b 1899 

Rosebery, Earl of, k.g., k.t 1881 

Ross, John (Justice) I. 1902 

Rothschild, Lord, g.c.v.o 1902 

Round, James 1902 

Rumbold, Sir Horace, Bt., g.c.b. 1896 

Rutland, Duke of, k.g 1852 

Salisbury, Marq. of, c.b... 1903 

Samuelson, Sir Bernhd., Bt 1895 

Saunderson, Col. Edwd. Jas. . . 1899 
Scoble, Sir Andrew R., k.c.s.i. 1901 
Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, g.c.b. 1898 

Seddon, Hon. Richd. j 1897 

Selbome, Earl of 1900 

Shuttleworth, Lord 1886 

Sinclair, Thomas I. 1896 

Slaney (Kenyon-), Col. Wta. S. 1904 

Smith, Jas. Parker I904 

Somerset, Lord Henry R. C. . . 1874 

Spencer, Earl, k.g 1859 

Spencer, Hon. Chas. Robt 1892 

Sprigg,Hon. Sir John G.,g.c.m.g. 1897 

Stalbridge, Lord 1872 

Stanley, Lord 1903 

Stirling, Sir James 1900 

Strong, Sir Samuel Henry 1897 

Sudeley, Lord 1886 

Suflield, Lord, g.c.v.o 1886 

Talbot, Jno. Gilbert 1897 

Taschereau, Hon. Sir Henri 

E., K.c 1904 

Thornton, Sir Edward, G.C.B. .. 1871 

Thurlow, Lord 1886 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, Bt. 

G.B. & I. 1882 
Turner,Hon. Sir George,K.c.M.G. 1897 
Tweedmouth, Lord 1886 

Waldegrave, Earl 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, k.g. 

&c G.B. 1894; L 

Walker, Samuel I. 

Walrond, Sir Wm. H., Bart. .. 
Way, Hon. Sir Samuel Jas., Bart. 

Wenlock, Lord, g.c.s.i 

West, Sir Algernon E., g.c.b. . . 

Westmeath, Earl of . I. 

■\Vharton, John LI 

Whiteway, Hon. Sir William V., 


Williams, Sir Roland L. B. V. 

Wilson, Sir Arthur, k.c.i.e 

Windsor, Lord 

Wodehouse, Edmond R 

Wolff, Sir H. Drummond, g.c.b. 
Wolseley, Fd.-Marsh. Vise, 

K.p.,u(a: L 

Wortley (Stuart-), Chas. B., k.c. 

Wrench, Fredk. W I. 

Wyndham, George, 1. 1900 ; G.B. 

Yarborough, Earl of 

York, Archbp. of 

Young (Lord), George 

Young, John I. 

Zetland, Marq. of, k.t 




Clerk of the Council~GL Brit,, AlmericW. FitzRoy ; IrcL, Sir Jas. B. Dougherty, C.B. 
J)ep. Clk. Gt. Brit., Jas. H. Harrison, M.v.o. Registrar, Edwd. Stanley Hope, c.b. 


General Remarks.— This degree is often accounted the lowest grade of the major 
nobility, and, as was noticed under "Barons," its title grew out of a lower division of 
that rank of nobles. We meet with the phrase " Barones et Baronetti" so early as 1321, 
in the reign of Edward the Second, whilst his successor in 1340 by letters patent made 
an hereditary Baronet of William de la Pole. " Other Baronetcies," says Mr. Pixley in 
his very informing work, * History of the Baronetage,' " were similarly created, . . . 
but, with the exception of a few cases in Ireland, the dignity had not been regularly 
hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First it had become practically 
unknown." The term was often confused, even officially, with that of "Banneret," so 
that in the case of Sir Ralph Fane, who was awarded the "dignitas Baronetti" by 
Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really designed, and 
practically evident that at most it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the First in 161 1 the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 
mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage. It is linked with the nobility 


by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone, the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has strongly the 
appeai-ance of a specialised order of Knighthood— by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membership of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence belov/ 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there are at present scarcely 
any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the con- 
sequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies are 
cropping up and pestering us year after year. (See the pfiragraph on " Claimant 
Baronets " facing the Preface.) Every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register 
his pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
1 6 12 five new privileges were granted, of which one was the right for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do j 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up j 
to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in ; 
later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a j 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874 ; but other aj^plications have proved unsuccessful, j 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 1 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were ! 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen I 
{armigeri) " of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds I 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the | 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 1 
lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has v/holly ceased, though, I 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed i 
to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy ! 
to a female— Dame Mary Bolles, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), | 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under " Descent of Peers " we j 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow throuxjh a female 1 
parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number j 
of Baronets enjoy Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in 
the English and Irish divisions no badge v/hatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand { 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the I 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 7, 8. Early in the late reign an effort was j 
made by the whole body of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further j 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because " too much was asked ; " but i 
the recently founded "Standing Council of the Baronetage" (to whom we are under 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of tlieir seat (or of that of the founder of 
their line, as they may prefer) ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical Avith their own [e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) our northern friends 
often substitute "Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronetesses, ' 
but the word is scarcely ever iised ; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian 
name, or "Dame " ivith the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they have the special privilege of 
retaining after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers their 
correct style is given on pages 25-7, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager" in the case of widowhood). Designation of a Baronet, Sir A. B., Baronet 
or Bt. 

Baronets of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.— We have here 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under the Peers : Bai'onets created 
I I from 1611 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronets of England;" from that 
rfflij date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets 
LVjJ of the United Kingdom " — the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
^^"^^ the first only, and the Irish by the side of first and second. The English 

* The occasion of the starting of the Council was this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
between the issue of other IJarons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
breach of faith. But the only alternative to the course taken would have been the use of the form "Younger 
Sons of Barons and all sows of Life Barons," these latter having no precedence of eldest sons over younger. 

The Baronetage. 


degree was instituted by James the First in 161 1, ostensibly for the purpose of providing 
means to effect the settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
I of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 1 
I awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot-soldiers at eightp3nce per day | 
j for three years ; the total of this was about ^^1095, and the first year's instalment wag ! 
I to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to | 
I the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 1 
\ increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about i 
, 930 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title was Sir Nicholas I 
j Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt.), afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a j 
descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier Baronet of England (see remark under j 
j the name in the Directory). The name of Sir Robert J. Dashwood is cited as Premier | 
I Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir Henry M. Vavasour as of "the iJnited 
! Kingdom ; " but of course the junior Baronet in an earlier series takes precedence of 
! the premier in a later one. 

Baronets ofScotland and Nova Scotia. — As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
' date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 

Sand the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain " or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction betv/een Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottish Baronets in 1775. This 
degree was planned by James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
Scotland " to Sir William Alexandei', afterwards Earl of Stirling ; but OAving to the King's 
death the design v/as left to be carried out .by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet, he having already received 
from King James the baronetcy of Galloway in New Scotland (his descendant Sir Robert 
Glendonwyn Gordon holding the premier distinction still). The mamber of the degree 
was not to exceed 150, and to eacli of these, on payment of a sum of about ^^2000, was 
to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres " of good land." No service was required from them, 
nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried out the scheme of colonisation : the 
raising of money to the Crown was the one great concern. Sir William Alexander, who 
first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, 
Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet 
Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, 
consisting in an enamelled decoration vv^orn from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbon, 
and containing the arms of Scotland displayed upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne 
upon a b.rger one charged with a St. Andrew's Cross, and surmoimted by a crown, the 
whole within an oval bearing the motto "Fax mentis honestaa gloria" (Glory, the 
! beacon-light of the noble mind). This badge was substituted for the originally intended 
; arms of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles conferred the crest, which is a branch of 
laurel and a thistle issuing from two conjoined hands, the one armed and the other 
naked, with the motto, "Munit haec, altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baronets of Ireland. — These all necessarily date from prior to the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
I j /flv 1 James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
I #11 account given xmder that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
' k^LjJ Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
j Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 1621; 

jbhe Baronetcy merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous year 
vnd is apparently tlie very fix'st that was granted. In Ireland as in England there had 
; very early existed an hereditary rank bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was 
' Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These 
were descendants of certain " lesser Barons " whom Edward the Third had summoned 
bo Parliament for a special object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their 
oaronial rank sunk to that of Baronets. 




*** As linder the Peers, t denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § an Irish Bkronstc^; all Otliefs ai-e 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United Kingdom. Peers who are Baronets are given in parentheses. A surname 
not that of the original Baronetcy is followed hy the latter in sqiiar ' ' ' 

James I. ji637 

Baronetcies ofEngld. on1y \ 
i6i I Bacon (Redgrave 
De Hoghton 
(Chichester, E. of) 
(Ferrers, Earl) 
(Sefton, E. of) 
(Bolingbroke, Vise.) 
(Gerard, Bn.) 
Shelley of Michel- 
(Buckinghamsh., E. 

(Kimberley, E. of) 
(Monson, Bn.) 
Musgrave of Edenhl. 
(Somerset, D. of) 1 
(Ailesbury, M. of) 1 

Gresley I 
Harington I 

Twysden i 
Temple of Stowe 
(Winchilsea, E. of) I 
(Hereford, Vise.) i 
1615 (Dormer, Bn.) 

1617 Egei-ton (Grey-) 
(Town-shend, Marq.) 

16 18 Boynton 
(Cobham, Vise.) 

Baronetcies cff Ireld. inst. 

1619 Burdett of Bi-amcote 
Beach (Hicks-) 

1620 Berney 
(Sutherland, D. of) 
(Leeds, D. of) 

(jValentia, Vise.) 

1621 (Hotham, Bn.) 
Tichborne (Doughty-) 
§Coote of Ballylin 
(Stafford, Bn.) 
Philipps of Picton 

1622 Mansel (unsettled) 

(s^Kenmare, Bn.) 
(Westminster, D. of) 
(Gage, Vise.) 
^Blosse (Lynch-) 

(Shaftesbury, E. of) 
§Blake of Menlough \ 
Hazlerigg j 
Skipwith 1532 

1623 §Barnewall ii5o. 
fStewart of Fort S. ; 

Charles I. i 

Baronetcies of Scot Id. inst. 1 1635 

1625 (tRoxburghe, D. of) 
tGordon of Letter- 

(tHuntly, M. of) 
(fBreadalbane, M. of) 
(tMacdonald, Bn.) 11636 
(tSeafield, E. of) ; 
tLeslie of W'ardis , 1637 

1626 tJolmston ; 
tForbes of Pitsligo ; 1638 
tBurnett ' 1641 
(tMoiiereiff, Bn.) ! 
Crewe I 
tOgilvy i 

1627 Bering ' 





tNapier of Napier 
(tReay, Bn.) 

(tBute, M. of) 
(tGalloway, E 
(Bagot, Bn.) 
I sham 

Goring (patent 1678) 
Bacon (Mildenhall 

(Farnham, Bn.) 
(tGosford, E. of) 

tCampbell of Aueh- 


(Vemlam, E. of) 
tMaekenzie of Tarbat 

tRiddell (Buchanan-) 
[Ridden of Riddell] 

tMurray of Black- 

(tElibank, Bn.) 

tCampbell of Ardna- 

(Derby, E. of) 


Trelawny (Saliis- 


^Burke of Glinsk 




De la Pole 

(tGranard, E. of) 

(tCastlestevv^art, E arl ) 

Wolseley of Wolseley 

Graham of Esk 

tBruee of Stenhouse 

tNicolson of Niclsn. 

TAgnew of Lochnaw 


(tSempill, Bn.) 

Murray of Dunerne 


( Stewart- ) [Richard- 
son of Pencaitland] 




tGordon of Embo 



(tCaithness, E. of) 


tMunro of Foulis 

tFoulis (Liston-) 


(tLucan, E. of) 

tLockhartof Steven- 
sun [Sincla/ir] 

tPilkington (Mil- 
borne S.-) [Pilking- 

tHay of Smithfield 
tA bercromby 
(tKilmaine, Bn.) 
tiNicolson of Tilli- 


(Bath, M. of) 
(Poltimore, Bn.) 
(Iddesleigh, E. of) 

1641 Strickland 
Boughton (Rolise-), 

Lawford line 

Chichester of 

(Scarsdale, Bn. 
(Wenloek, Bn.) 

1642 (Kesteven, Bn.) 
(Cowper, Earl) 

(Downe, Vise.) 
(t Aberdeen, E. of) 

(Wrottesley, Bn.) 

(Ravenswortli, Bn. 

1643 (Waldegrave, Earl) 

1644 (Acton, Bn.) 
(Devon, E.of) 

1645 Vyvyan 
Aelan d of Columb Jn. 

1646 ^Borrowes 
tHamilton of Silver- 

Charles II. 

1651 (tEosebery, E. of— 
in King's exile) 

1660 ^Piers 

Wilson (Maryon-) 
(Stradbroke, E. of) 
Stuart of Hartley M. 
(Bradford, E. of) 
(Nottingham, E. of) 
Palmer of Carlton 
Robinson of London 
(Hastings, Bn.) 
(Stanley of A., Bn.) 
Bowyer of Denham 
(St. John of B., Bn.) 
(Northumbd., D. of) 
§Meredyth of Green- 
(Onslow, E. of) 
(Headley, Bn.) 

1661 Bedingfeld (Paston-) 

Cooke of Wheatley 
Clement (Ashburn- 

ham-) [Ashburn- 

Bulkeley (Wms.-) 


re brackets. 

1661 Milbanke of Hainaby 
(^Egmont, E. of) 
Stoijth (Bo-wyer-) 

1662 Trevelyan of Nettle- 


(4Arran, E. of) 
(fSouthwell, Vise.) 
(^Aylmer, Bn.i 
Graham of Norton 


Brooke of Norton 

1663 (tSouthesk, E. oi) 
tSeton of Abercorn 
(Romney, E. of) 
tHay of Park 

1664 (tStair, E. of) 
Lorain e 

Biddulph , 

1665 Shaw of Eltham ^ 
(fWaterford, M. of) 
(Roden, E. of) 

tCampbell (Home- 

Burdett of Bur- 


1666 (Carnwath, E. of) 
tStirling of Glorat 
(tRosslyn, E. of) 

tRamsay of Bam fit 
(tNapier & E., Bn.) 

1667 tStewart (Shaw-) 

tWauchope (Don-) 

1668 tCampbell of 


1669 (tQueensberry, M. of) 
Cunyngliam (Dick-) 

ist cr. of Cuu. line 
[Cunningham of 

1670 Mostyn 
Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 

167 1 tHome 
Croft of Croft 

1672 tCuninghame 
[Cuninghame of 


(tLauderdale, E. of) 
tJardine of Apple- 

1673 tMurray of Ochter- 

tMaekenzie of Coul 
Hamil ton (Stirling-) 

1674 Blaekctt 

1676 (Muncaster, Bn.) 

1677 tCunyngham (Dick-) 
1st. cr. of Dick line 


(Combermere, Vise.) 
(Middleton, Bn.) 
(Brownlow, Earl) 
, E. of) 

Historic Baronetage. 


1678 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 

1679 tClerk 

i68it Maxwell of Mon- 

Bunbury of Stanney 

Parker of Melf ord 
i6Sa fMaxwell (Stirling-) 


(^Kingston, E.of) 

1683 tMaxwell (Herou-) 

tSeton of Pitmedden 

1684 Dashwood of Kirt- 


James II. 

1685 tGrierson 

1686 tBroim 

tKinloeli of Gilmer- 

(Hnchiquin, Bn.) 

1687 tHall 

1688 Wynn (Wms.-) 

t Grant of Dalvey 
{^Bellew, Bn.) 

William III. 

1689 Molesworth 

1690 tLauder (Dick-) 
(Ripen, M. of) 

1693 Leighton 

1694 Colt 

tDunbar of Mochrum 
tAnstruther of Bal- 

Thomas of Wenvoe 
tAnstruther (Carm.-) 
i6g6 tBaird of Saughtou 


1697 tDunbar of Durn 
tDalrymple (Hamil- 
ton-) [Dalrymple] 
i6c^ (^De Vesci, Vise.) 
1700 Chetwode 

tDunbar of Northf d. 
(tMinto, E. of) 
1702 tCunynghame of 


1702 tSuttie (Grant-) 
fCarmichael (Gib- 

1703 tHay of Alderston 
tMackenzie of 8cat 

well (Tarbat) 

(v^Clanwilliam, E. of) 

tFergusson of Kilker 

tMackenzie of Gair 

1704 (Boston, Bn.) 
(^Headfort. M. of) 
tSinclair of Dunbth. 

1705 (^De Montalt, Earl) 
(Le Fleming) 
Miller of Chichester 
Grant of Monymusk 

1706 tGordon of Earlston 

1706 tDimbarof Hempggs. 

1707 Cunyngham (Dick-), 

2nd cr. of Dick line 
Dashwood of W.Wyc. 
Maxwell (Stirling-), 
2nd cr. [Maxwell] 
Baronetcies of Gt. Brit, 
begin (Engld. and Scotld. 

1709 (^Muskerry. Bn.) 
171 1 Lambert 

1714 (Radnor, E. of) 

Georg^e I. 

17 15 Warrender 
(Torrington, Vise.) 

17 16 Perrott 

1 7 17 Milner 

1720 Blunt 

172 1 Oodrington of Dod- 


1723 Frederick 

1724 Mitchell 
1727 (Hill, Vise.) 

Georgre II. 

1728 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 
1730 (^Anglesey, M. of) 

1732 Clayton 

1733 (Ancaster, E. of) 
Dryden, ist cr. [Tur 


1738 Armytage 

1739 Hulse 

1742 (Newborough, Bn.) 

1744 Wolseley of Mt. W. 

1745 Beauchamp (Proc- 

(Suffleld, Bn.) 

1746 (Grey, Earl) 
Gooch of Benacre 

1748 (Hthlumney, Bn.) 

1751 (Huntingfield, Bn.) 

1752 Gibbons 
175s Winnington 

( Waterpark, Bn.) 
Johnson of Twickm. 

1756 Sheffield 
(Ridley. Vise.) 

1757 Bromley 

1758 (s^Crofton, Bn.) 

1759 Wilmot of Chaddes- 




Glyn of Ewell 
[ Colebrooke 

^1760 ^Booth (Gore-) 

j Georgre III. 

1761 Ilesketh (Fermor-) 

1762 (Zetland, M. of) 

1763 Blakiston 

1 (s^Dufrerin& A.,M.of) 
j s^'Ootter 

1764 (Rodney, Bn.) 
(Lonsdale, E. of) 

1765 (Henniker, Bn.) 

1766 iJBlunden 
4St. George 

1766 (Gwydyr, Bn.) 

Thomas of Yapton 
(iCongleton, Bn.) 
767 Hort 

1768 (^Carbery, Bn.) 

1769 Burrard 

Young of Nth. Dean 
t772 (Somers, Bn.) 

Blake of Langham 
Mildmay (St.-J.-) 
Wilmot of Osmaston 

1773 Hughes 

1774 Coote of Donnybrk. 


Gibbes (Osborne-) 

Marriott (Smith-) 

1775 ^Walsh (Johnson-) 
Buchanan (Leith-) 


1776 (^Cloncurry, Bn.) 
Hamilton of Marl- 
borough House 

(Headley, Bn., 2nd 


Rhodes [Baker of 

Eden (Maryland line) 

1777 Douglas of Carr 
*Palmer of Kenure 

1778 (Hood, Vise.) 
(Mostyn, Bn.) 

Riddell of Ardnamur- 


1779 Rumbold 

(^Ffrench, Bn.) 

1780 Farmer 

^Waller of Newport 
(s^Ely, M. of) 

1781 (Dunraven, E. of) 
I Craivfurd 

Sykes of Basildon 

(Gainsboro', E. of) 

1782 ^^Denny 
(Haldon, Bn.) 

^Hutchinson (Synge-) 
[Hutchinson, then 

^Musgrave of Tourin 

1783 Graham of Netherby 

Sykes of Sledmere 

Grseme (Hamond-) 

1784 (Cottenham, E. of) 
(Halifax, Visct.) 

Boevey (Crawley-) 
Dodsworth (Smith-) 

($De Blaquiere, Bn.) 

1784 4Warren of Warren's 

(Kenyon, Bn.) 
^De Vere 

§Hoare of Annabella 

1785 § Godfrey 

1786 Sinclair of Ulbster 
Rowley of Tendring 

Hoare of Stourhead 
Blair (Hunter-) 
Douglas of Springwd. 


1787 §Hodson 
^Bunbury (Richdsn.-) 

[Richardson of 

^Garden of Temple- 

s^Des Vceux 

1788 iVliller of Glenlee 

1789 ^Hayes 

1790 (Churston, Bn.) 

Orde (Campbell-) 

1 79 1 Malet 
ij Lighton 

(Northbourne, Bn.) 
Boughton (Rouse-), 

Rouse-Lench line 
Martin of Lockyuge 
Pole (Van-Notten-) 
Palmer of Wanlip 
Meyrick (Tapps-G.-) 


1792 King (Duckworth-) 
(Teignmouth, Bn.) 
(Tredegar. Bn.) 

1793 (Dysart, E. ofj 

(Northbrook, E. of) 

1794 ^Paul of Paulville 

Bowyer of Radley, 

2nd cr. 
(Gardner, Bn., drmt.) 
Curtis of Gatcombe 

1795 Grace 
Dryden, 2ud cr. 




Mac Gregor of MacG. 
(Heytesbury, Bn.) 
(Derwent, Bn.) 

^Nugent of Ballin- 

^Meredyth of Car- 


1796 Farquhar 
(Exmouth, Vise.) 
Hartopp (Cradock-) 
Baker of Dunstable 


1797 Pechell (Brooke-) 

«Biirke of Marb. Hill 
(^Ventry, Bn.) 

1798 Knightley 

Hay (Dalrymple-) 
Anstruther (Carmi- 

chael-, 2nd cr.) 
Williams of Bodel- 




1798 Dallas 
Bough ey 

1799 fMacartney 
^Smitli (Cusack-) 
Cutfe (Wheeler-) 

1800 Glyu of Gatint's 

Peel of Drayton 
Stirling ofraskiue 

Barcnetcies all of U.K. 
(Gt. Brit.&Ireld. merged) 

iSox Vavasour of Spal- 
(De Saviraarez, Bn.) 

iCottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
"Welby [Welby- 


Lennard (Barrett-) 

Fitzgerald ( Judkin-) 



Crofton of Mohill 
De Bathe 
i8c2 Nepean 

Baker of Ash combe 
Poynder (Dickson-) 


Curtis of Cuilands 

1803 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

Stewart of Athenry 

Barlow of Bengal 



1804 Price (Rugge-) [Price] 
Cumming (Gordon-) 
f'ullivan of Thames 

Maxv/ell of Cardo- 

Smith of Tring 
(Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
Travers (Clarke-) 
Bruce of Downhill 
Lees of Blackrock 

1805 Hart well 

(Champion-) [De 


Mackenzie (Mviir-) 
1S06 Bromhead 

Shelley of Avington 



(Avebury. Bn.) 
Scott of Gt. Barr 

Ramsay of Balmain 
Lockhart of Lee 

Nugent of Waddes- 

Thompson of Herts 

1806 Scott of Dunninald 
[1807 (Chesterfield E. of) 
I Blomefield 
j 1808 Campbell of Succoth 
Montgomery of the 

Wilson (Tyrwhitt-) 
1809 Hood (F.-Acland-) 
Baird of Newbyth 
Seymour (Culme-) 
Smith of Eardiston 

Alexander of Dublin 

1812 Gallwey (Payne-) 

Russell of Sv^^allow- 


Kaye (Lister-) 

1813 Owen 
(Grimtliorpe, Bn.) 
Gordon (Duff-) 
Jervoise (Clarke-) 

Young of Formosa 

18 1 4 Fowke 
Peirse (Beresford-) 

Dunbar of Boath 
iSis Hepburn (Buchan-) 
MacMahon of Dublin 

Campbell of Thames 


Jackson of Arlsey 
Steuaj-t (Seton-) 

Waller of Braywick 



King of Charlestown 
[816 Brownrigg 

Elphinstone of 

1817 M'Mahou of St. Jas. 

1818 Maitland 
Johnson of Bath 
Farringtou . 

Bathurst (Hervey-) 
Lech mere 

(De L'Isle & D., Bn.) 




Croft ot'Dodington 
(Deramore, Bn.) 

1819 Hamilton of Marl. 

Ho. (Trebinshun 

Robinson of Rokeby 

George I"V. 

1S21 Campbell (Cockbn.-) 
(Cottcsloe, Bn.) 
Corbett (Astley-) 
ShaAv of Terenure 
aiylton, Bn.) 
FarqvAar (Townsd.-) 
Drake (Fuller-E.-) 
Wilmot (Bardley-) 
Dundas of Beechwd. 
i Young of Baillieboro' 
j Cooper (Paston-) 
1 [Cooper of Gade- 

I bridge] 

Paul of Rodboro' 
I Lindsay I'Trotter] 
\ Scott of Lytohett 

King of Corrard 
ii822 FitzGcraldof Carri- 
I goran 

! Brooke of Colebrooke 

i 1823 James 

! Arbuthnot 

i Forbes of Newe 

j Robinson of Batt's 

; Baillie 
I Ochterlony 
1 1824 Lowther 
182^ Munro of Lindertis 
!i32S Dalrymple (Elphin- 
j stone-) [Dalrymple 

of Nth. Berwick] 
(Vivian, Bn.) 
Vavasour of Hazel- 
Drummoud (Wms.-) 


Macgregor of Savile 

William IV. 

831 Key 

Douglas of Gleu- 


Campbell of Bar- 

Foster of Clyde Ct. 

Becher (Wrixon-) 
Campbell of Carrick 

Lawson of Brayton 
Nugent of Cloncos- 

korau [Humble] 
Craig (Gibson-) 
Campbell of New 

Nugent of Donore 

Clarke of Dvmham 

1833 Eussell of Charlton 

1834 Laurie [Bayley] 

1835 Walker (Forestier-) 

183s Barrow 

1836 Rowley of Hill Ho. 
Carnac (Rivett-) 
Lucy (Rams.-Fairf.-) 

Sawle (Graves-) 
Power of Kilfane 
Macnaghten (Work- 
man-) [Macnaghten] 

Boswall (Houston-) 


1837 Clark of Tillvpronie 
Wood of Hatherley 

1838 Head 
(Lytton, E. of) 
Gordon (Smith-) 


Grant (M'Phersou-) 




Foster of Norwich 
! Heywood 
! W^orsley 
i Menteth (Stuart-) 
i (Wimborne, Bn.) 
j Bellew (Grattan-) 

East (Clayton-) 
I Crofton of Longfd. 

1 1S40 Stockenstrom 
\ Pottinger 
! Buxton of Bell field 
I Pelly 


Arthur of West- 
De Trailord 
Lawson of Brough 
Armstrong of G alien 

Le Mar chant 

Power of Eder mine 
1842 (Gough, Vise.) 
1844 Magnay 

Parker of Shenstone 
i 1846 Lewis of Harpton Ct. 

(Hampton, En.) 
I Gladstone 

( Magheramorne, En.) 


1S47 Davie (Ferguson-) 
1 Currie 
! (Rothschild. Bn.) 

1849 O'Brien of Eorris 
Duke . 

(Shuttleworth, En.) 

1850 Abdy 

1851 (Hothfield, Bn.) 

1852 Alison 
(Glanusk, Bn.) 

J853 (Knutsford, Vise.) 

1854 Robinson of Toron' 

1855 Peto 

Moon of Portm. Sq. 

1856 W^alker of Oakley 

1857 Locock 

1858 Allan (Havel ock-) 


Griffith (Waldie-) 

JIi§,toric Baronetage. 


1858 Wilson of Delhi 
Lawrence of Belgard 
(Lawrence, Bn.) 

1859 Cunard 

Buncombe (Paunce- 

1862 Dilke 

1863 Lloyd 

Brown of Astrop 
Cooper of WooUahra 

1864 Westei-n 

1866 Buller (Manning- 

Fergusson of Spital- 


Watson of llenrietta 

(Tweedmouth, Bn.) 

(St. Levan, Bn.) 

Williams of Tregul- 

Gooch of Clewer 

1867 Napier of Dublin 

(Ardilaun, Bn.) 
Lawrence of Ealing 

1868 Jenner 
(Hillingdon, Bn.) 
Harvey of Langley 

Harvey of Crown Pt. 
W^alker of Sand 

Moss (Edwards-) 

1860 Brady 
Salomons (Goldsmid- 

Salt of Saltaire 
Earle of AUerton 
Jackson (Mather-) 
[Jackson of Birken- 

1871 (Moncreiff, Bn.) 
Paget of Reg. Pk. 
Stepney (Cowell-) 

1872 Gull 

Pollock (Montagu-) 
Rose of Montreal 

1873 Kinloch of Kinloch 

1874 Trevelyan of Walling 


Wilson of Eshton 
Porster of Lysways 
■ Grove 

Amory (Heathcoat-) 
Price (Green-) 
Miller of Mandcr- 

Thompson (Meysey- 

Rose of Rayners 



1874 Lvisk 

1875 Barttelot 

1876 Scourfield 

Leslie of Glasslough 




Codrington of Dcd- 

ington Park 

Temple of the Nash 
1878 Buchanan of Dun- 

1880 Mowbray 
(Blythsv/ood, Bn.) 
Meyrick (Charlton-) 

(Hindlip, Bn.) 
Ripley of Rawdon 

PitzGerald of Valen- 

1881 Stewart of S.Kensgtn 
(Roberts, Earl) 
Sullivan of Garryduff 

18S2 (Swansea, Bn.) 
Jlilbank of Well & 

(Burton, Bn.) 

Clarke of Ruperts wd. 

1883 Wells 

Clark of Cav. Square 
(Lister, Bn.) 
(Farrer, Bn.) 

1884 Bowman 

1885 (Iveagh, Bn.) 

Jardine of Castlcmilk 
Bell of Rounton 

Thomhill (Compton-) 

(Killanin, Bn.) 

1886 Alexander of Bal- 

Walker of Gatcacre 
(Mount Stephen, Bn.) 
Green of Wakefield 
- Paget of Cranmore 
Ewing (Orr-) 

Cook of Richmond 



Palmer of Grinkle 
Clark of Edinburgh 

1887 Hanson 
(Glenesk, Bn.) 
Carden of Molesey 

Dalrymple of New- 


Moon of Copsewood 

Philipps of Picton 


Kinahan (Hudson-) 
(Northcote, Bn.) 

King of Campsie 

1889 (Inverclyde, Bn.) 
Porter of Merrion Sq. 


1890 Llewelyn (Dillwyn-) 
Mackenzie of Glen 


Savory of Brook St. 
Fowler of Braemore 
Thompson of Guise- 

(Newlands, Bn.) 
Aclar.d of Oxford 

1891 (Rosmead, Bn.) 
(Crawshaw, Bn.) 

Savory of Buckhurst 
(O'Brien, Bn.) 
J 892 Durand 

Powell of Horton 



Hartla.nd (Dixon-) 
(Burnham, Bn.) 

Stewart (M'Taggart-) 
[Stewart of South 


Armstrong of Ash- 
burn PL 

(Farquhar, Bn.) 
Hamilton of Hatley 
Schroder (Bn. von S.) 

1893 Holden 

Wills of Blagdon 



1894 Lyell 

Jones (Burne-) 

Montagu [Samuel] 

Coats (Glen-) 





Williams of Brook St 
189s Barran 

Watson of Earnock 



Bell of Govan 

Leyland (Naylor-) 
A gnew of Gt . Stan- 
hope St. 
1896 Fayrer 

896 Lewis of Nantgwyne 
Verdi n 

FitzGerald (Uniacke 
1897 Lees of Sth. Lytchett 
Wills of Man or Heath 
Powell of Wmpi. St. 
Baird of Urie 
Wilson of Ecclesall 
Phillips (Faudel-^ 
Eeid of Ellon 
Peel of Tyersal 

Ripley of Acacia 
Smith of Stratfd. PL 

Paget of Sutton Bonn . 
Wood of The 

[898 Wilks 

Nanney (Ellis-) 
Samuel of Sophien- 


Lawrence (Burning-) 


De la Rue 

Dimdas of Arniston 



1899 Thompson of Wim- 

pole St, 

Scott of Castle House 

Brooke of Armitage 

Hoare of Sidestrand 
Salt of W^eeping Cross 
Sanderson (Burdon-) 

1900 (Alverstone, Bn.) 


Greene of Nether Hall 
Lawson of AVeetwd. 

Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 

150 1 Aird 


i Portal 
1 Church 
I Green of London. 
1 1902 Barlow of London 
I Porter of St. xVessans 
I Dimsdale 
! Bradford 







Lewis of Portl.ri. 
I Poynter 
! Jackson of Stansted 
' Henderson 

Hodge (Hermon-) 




1902 M'Laren 
Brown of Broome 


Arthur of Carlung 

1902 Chisholm 

1903 Primrose 

Samuel of The Mote 
Wright (Cory-) 

Todd (Wilson-) 

1903 Dixon 

Pitzgerald of Queens- 

Brooke of Summer- 



1Q03 Knowles of Westwd. 

1904 Goulding 



Palmer of Reading 
White of Bristol 

AVills of Stoke Bp. 


1 Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
i importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
; ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the King himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
I in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
i Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
I The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
I long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, " after good words and 
i wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
I converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standard at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
Eirst ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in France. 


General' Remarks. — In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : " It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which does not 
imply its equestrian nature. Eor in the French a Knight is styled ' Chevalier ' from 
cheval, as in German ' Ritter ' or rider ; or, as an old poet has expressed it — 

" Eques ah equo is said of very right. 

And Chevalier is said of Chivalrie, 
In which a Rider is a Knight ; 

Arragoners done also specifie 

CabalUero through all that partie 
Is name of Worship, and so took its 'ginning 
Of Spurs of Gold and chieHy of Riding." 

Adding, ' ' From these spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Equites AuratV^ The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William Walworth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performing 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were put on ; whilst both before and after the conferring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Kenelm Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from such, as 
did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 
the Knight " sans peur et sans reproche ; " and so, in our own country, Brand, Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 
father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The Knightage, Co^npanionage, dec. 


The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term — not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelors until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so early as the year 506. 

There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood— the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Patrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Royal Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Bachelors, though not a 
constituted Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the 
Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, which embrace both 
sexes,_ but confer no precedence and are denoted by^tio initials. Not one of these is 
hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only commoners, would take 
precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and St. Patrick are 
regularly restricted to nobles, the only recorded exceptions being the bestowal of the 
Garter upon Sir Robert Walpole and William Herbert who became Earl of Pembroke, 
and of the Thistle upon the present Duke of Argyll when Marquess of Lome, and the 
late Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, whilst it has been declared that the Garter was offered 
upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title "Sir" is formally prefixed to the 
names, when given in full, of all Peers who are also either Knights or Baronets. 
Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir " the wife, in conventional usage, 
has the title "Lady " or "Dame" as in the case of a Baronetess. But in her case the 
honour is one of courtesy and not of right, as we are shown by an amusing story 
in ' The Book of the Court : ' The lady of a certain City Knight was once pre- 
sented to the old Princess Amelia, who was very deaf. The Princess, not aware that 
she was merely a Knight's lady, was about to salute her as she would have done with 
the daughter of a Peer, to the great horror of the Gentleman Usher in Waiting, who, 
shocked at such a violation of etiquette, exclaimed, loud enough to be heard by all 
present, " Don't kiss her. Your Royal Highness ; she is not a real Lady J " 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
the year igoo, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelors. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and j 
it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be i 
carried oiat by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace. 

We are now inserting, from Whitaker's Almanack, small cuts of the Stars worn 
by the respective Orders ; but for those of tlie Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Bath 
j (G.C.B. Mil.) far clearer ones will be found on our title-page, described on page ix. 

The Most Noble Order of the Garter.— The commonly accepted date of the 
institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 

« Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 
in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be i^re- 
ferred is. that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 
in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
own knee by way of rebuke to those who " saw harm " in it, and that the occurrence ; 
thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Gvecy. 
Another story is that Richard Coeur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
leathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
night assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 
half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, "May 
he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it,"adding " i.e. , the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for^be Order, apparently foUov^dng Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; but here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should " think ill " of a grand warlike expedition. But 

58 Introduciion. ! 

though mistrusting- this application, we must all admit without hesitation that Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly correct than the one commonly received, which 
I first ignores the " y " for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or ■ 
; nothing, and then repeats the word "evil" without any warrant from the original. 1 
I For the word "honi," which in m.odern French would be "honni," is not even a j 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in I 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount! 
to a curse). "Accursed be he who sees harm in the Garter" is evidently the real ' 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured" is fa,r too feeble. 
! The Order itself may be said to rank indisputably as the first in the world, and the 
! number of foreign Sovereigns v/ho have accepted it is almost countless. It is : 
j still limited to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign and the Priiice , 
i of Wales, and such occasional ^tra Knights and foreign rulers and dignitaries as ; 
'\ may be admitted by special statute, the "extras" being mei'ged in the regular five- 
, and-twenty upon the first occurrence of vacancies ; the only alteration has been the 
I extension of the limits to lineal descendants of either of the four Georges. A Knight 
of the Garter is at his investiture allotted a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, 
j over which are set up, to be retained throughout his life, his sword, helmet, crest, 
I banner, and a plate containing his arms and titles : this practice is still in vogue, partially 
at any rate. 

j The officers of the Order are — Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
I Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor— all three ex | 
j officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, iisuallj'' called " Garter," and the Gentle- | 
i man Usher of the Black Rod — these two being personal appointments. The Prelate and | 
j Chancellor are authoi-ised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms of St. i 
j George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and on 
the other v/ith a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms embroidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he v/ears a red hook of the Order v^ith a device of two pens 
j within the garter. The mantle of "Gai'ter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
I medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
i surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
! (for whose names and titles see page 70) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
: oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
I similar mantle, his Rod is sui-mounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
\ his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
j and motto. He is granted during life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
: whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 

The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
j ap-ay, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser 
I George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
: tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly | 
! comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (this is the mantle j 
j worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
I the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle and I 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidei'ed Star, within j 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the whole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 1 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, I 
whish is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of tv/enty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
i by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each medal has for its 
i border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
i between each meda.1 and the next is a true-lovers' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
I white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (v/e here call them medals for 
i clearness, as the idea of twenty-six (lartcrs round the neck might be too suggestive of 
I strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order — the Sovereign and Knight 
I Companions ; the entire Collar v/eighs exactly thirty-two ounces. Suspended to this 
\ Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
Dragon ; the Lesser George, which is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 


of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing obliquely to beneath the right 
arm. Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.G. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Okder of the Thistle.— The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to A.D. 787, j 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen [ 
by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, Kin^ of the Picts, as they were engaged , 
in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently btate. ! 
What is historical is that in the year 1540 James the Fifth either established or revived | 
the Order, and that it had again to be restored in 1687 by James the Seventh of Scotland ; 
and Second of England, who created eight Knights and assigned to them the royal chapel j 
at Holyrood, which is still the chapel of the Order. Once more the Order collapsed 
through the Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again 
and more permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it Avas decreed that its j 
membership should comprise the Sovei-eign and sixteen Knights, but other personages j 
of the E-oyal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Dean, the Secretary, j 
Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Eod. The decorations con- | 
sist of the Badge or J ewel, the Star, the Collar, and the Ribbon. The Badge is in the ■ 
form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with a gold enamelled | 
figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is v.^orn either pendent to j 
the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which passes over the left ' 
shoulder and across the breast. The Star, properly so called, is itself formed in part of a '\ 
St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroidery, between the four limbs of which are four starry i 
rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with green foliage), which is j 
siuTounded by a circle with the motto, " Nemo me impune lacessit " (No one provokes \ 
me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the coat or cloak. The Collar is j 
composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with sprigs of rue. There is now 
added a Mantle of green velvet lined with taffeta. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 

♦ Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and 
some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
the insignia, but not the ex-o^'cio knighthood. Therewasfoi'merly a religious cere- 
mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church, and simultaneously the offices of Prelate and Registrar have lapsed, whilst the j 
Chancellor, instead of being an Archbishop, is now the Secretary for Ireland of the j 
Ministry of the day. The other officers are the Ulster King of Arms, the Secretary, the j 
Usher of the Black Eod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. The decorations consist of the ' 
Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and Star have each of them in the | 
centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf of shamrock, each lobe of 1 
which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle with a motto in gold 
letters, " Quis separabit ? " ("Who shall separate us? ) ; surrounding this again there is in the ■ 
Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole within an oval out- ! 
line, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two ornaments are I 
I worn as under the previous Orders. The Collar is wholly of gold and made up of a series i 
j of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crov/n, alternating eight golden knots, the 
ii roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; whilst 
I the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much la,rger 
i harp forming the connecting-link between the Collar and Badge (the other two harps are 
at the sides, the roses three behind and two in front, the crown taking in this last position 
the place of the centre one). The Mantle is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. 
The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over tlie right shoulder (not as those of the Garter 
and Thistle). Designation, the letters K.P. 

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath. —The name of this, by far the largest 1 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in honour of those to which commoners can | 
hope to attain, was evidently taken from an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If | 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 1399, it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coi-onation in that year, : 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
f, c )i. Mil. went a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 



indeed, we are told that so early as 1127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others "Knights of the Bath" at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
" received knighthood by bathing " from Edward the Second. Thus the Order 
Civ. had its germ at quite an early period, though it was not till 1725 that it was 
placed upona solid foundation; since then it has received successive enlargements 
315, 1847, 1861, 1887, and 1901. The account given of Henry the Fourth's 
Knights is apposite enough to be here repeated. The earliest chronicler of the 
K.r.ji. Mil. subject is Froissart, who tells us of the Kmg presenting his Knights with "long 
green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with miniver, and 
with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and after the fashion 
used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left shoulder had a 
double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tassels were pendent." 
K..C.B. Civ. On the evening previous to their investiture they were all assembled together, 
and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the rites of the latter 
having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, however, as was 
shown by Mr. Anstis in a quarto volume ux^on the subject published in 1725 
— the year when the Order took a more definite form — was observed at the 
•^^iB- creation of Knights much earlier still than the time of Henry the Fourth. 
^ Thus the actual original of our Order becomes " lost in the mists of antiquity," 
but we find it in existence later on, and habitually bestowed on state occasions u jon 
such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other Order of Knighthood. Thus 
we are glad to be able to supplement Froissart's account by a more definite one of 
apparently the same " Order " as described on the occasion of the investiture of a number 
of Knights in 1610, when Prince Henrj^, son of James the First, was created Prince of 
Wales. The ' ' Lords and others who wei-e to receive the Honourable Order of the Bath " 
were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, there to undergo a whole course 
of ceremonial observances. They were conducted in the evening to the bathing-chamber, 
"where for each of them was provided a several bathing-tub, which was lined both within 
and without with white linen and covered with red say. After the bath they betook them- 
selves to rest. Early the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to " honour God and main- 
I tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the utmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
j Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
1 sword and spurs. In this array they rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
! highest in rank first) entered the hall a,nd knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then imt on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels." The 
j above, with much further detail, is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last 
i of this Order of Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Walford to have been the sixty- 
eight created by Charles the Second at his coronation.- We pass to 1725, when George the 
First, at the suggestion of Sir Robert Walpole, renewed the Order and decreed that it 
should consist of thirty-seven Knights and tlie Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, that 
it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only the 
highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 
total of the Class (hitherto the letter? K.B. forming the unvai-ying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it was again enlarged, the Civil Division being extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first of these. Eventually the 
numbers were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive of the Royal Family and 
of such distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either 
Division or Class : even then there is a laxity permitted as to the precise numbers, as 
supernumerary members can always be admitted by the temporary use of the word 

The Knightage^ Companionage, <&c. 6i 

" Additional " (and so with the Orders geinerally). It must also h& particuUrly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 
their special services having been of a scientific or other non-military character or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces, whereas actual military service is required for 
the other Division ; a few have obtained both Divisions. 

The officers are the Dean (the Dean of Westminster), the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. The Duke 
of Connaught was in 190T appointed Great Master, an honour previously held by his 
present Majesty, and at one time by their father, the Prince Consort. As a rule, though 
not without frequent exceptions, recipients of this Order must begin with the lowest 
Class, or Companions, and proceed to Knights Commanders before they can become 
Grand Crosses. The Military Division of even the lowest rank is only conferred upon 
such distinction in action against the enemy as shall procure a medal or otner 
decorative badge, or else a special mention in despatches ; it is never granted to any officer 
of lower grade than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy — indeed 
at present there appear to be but one or two recipients lower than Lieutenant-Colonels 
in the Army and Captains in the Navy, the Distinguished Service Order siafficing for 
inferior ranks. j 
The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and E-ibbon. The | 
Badge for the Military Division is' a (genxiine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 1 
enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in I 
the central circle are a rose, tiiistle, and shamrock issuing from a sceptre, with three | 
Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
juncta in uno " (Three joined in one), with a laurel- wreath completely surrounding it, | 
whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve) : by the Grand Crosses | 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and ' 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, : 
being externally surrounded with a glory of silver flames ; for the Civil Grand Crosses j 
there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 1 
for the Knights Commanders there is a silver cross-pattee round the same centre, the \ 
Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll ; Companions have no 
Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the \ 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
composed of nine Albert Crowns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and j 
shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 1 
white The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Grand Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 1 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend j 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B, is entitled to "supporters" in his j 
coat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red i 
mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and ' 
a high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. The designations with the nominal 1 
limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being at the present date all greatly 
exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division was increased enormously, ' 
(I having pronounced those in excess to be "additional," in virtue of a provision that 
the second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occurrence of a war. The 
nominal total is 1338, and the oddness of the figures throughout is perplexing when we 
come to discover that about 1800 is the present actual membership without including 
Honorary Members) : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A. B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.B. ... 145 ,, 108 ,, 

3rd Companions The letters C.B. ... 705 298 

The Most Exalted Oeder of the Star of India. — The Order next in precedence 
after the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by her late Majesty in 
1861, and subsequently enlarged successively in 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, and 
1903. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 
loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It consists of the Sovereign, the 
G.c.s.i. &c. Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 276 Knights and Companions disposed 


Introduction > 

in three Classes as below, and such extra and Honoi-ary Members as tlie Sovereign may i 
I from time to time appoint : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- i 

tion K.S.I, then represented the only title which it conferred. The officers are the ; 
! Registrar and the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern- ; 
i ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and \ 
j Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set | 
I in an :val and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Cuide ; " it is sur- ; 
1 mounted by a five-rayed star wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with r 
i the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like : 
I the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the . 
I whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their | 
' pi'oper colours, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and | 
i ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards | 
: each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left, ! 
j and by Knights Commanders round the neck, as with the preceding Order ; Companions \ 
I attach the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with ; 
i white and adorned with blue and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. Desig- \ 

nations and limits (as increased in 1903) : i 

i ist Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.C.S.I. ... 36 members. ! 

! 2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K. C.S.I. ... 85 ,, ! 

{ 3rd ,, Companions The letters C.S.I. ...170 „ i 

I In ist Class, 18 each European and Indian ; ex-Viceroj's additional. j 

' Tira Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George.— Though j 
clearl}'- older than the preceding and now of much wider application, this Order has 
.^^t^ been placed after it in dignity, becp.use, having been originally established (in I 
1818) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the rjrotec- \ 
torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands I 
G.c.M.G. and of Malta, and to " such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold i 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean:" indeed, it was not made j 
j applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the " Star | 
I of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, ! 
'\ and twenty-five respectivelj^ ; but it was enlarged successively in 1S68, 1877, 1879, and \ 
! 1887, till it has come to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 1 
I in either Colonial or Foreign Affoirs, It now comprises tlie Sovereign, the Grand j 
I Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, with foreign j 
I Princes and persons of distinction (who are Honorary Members), and the ordinary i 
I Knights and Companions as below. Its officers are the Prelate, Chancellor, Secretary, ! 
; King of Arms, and Registrar : the Colonial Office is its Chancery. 1 
I The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge : 
; is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four : j 
I on one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St. j 
i George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris j 
I asvi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the i 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading ' 
I like the Badge, and with narrow ones of gold between, while in the centre is the ; 
j figure of St, George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a i 
I cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear ' 
j in our illustration). That of Knights Conima,nders is smaller and of only four I 
! rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), | 
I Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front ' 
j centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white | 
j enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the ; 

three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are : 
! of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the la,tter surmounted with white and black ostrich : 
feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear "supporters." The following are I 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," while the two Indian Orders alone substitute ! 
" Grand Commanders "), also the statutory limits of each Class as extended in 1902, i 
and not exceeded by more than a hundred in even the 3rd Class : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G. C.M.G. ...100 members. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.M.G. ...300 „ 

3rd ,, Companions The letters C.M.G. ...oco ,, 

The Foreign OiSce may designate 30 of the ist Class, 00 of the 2nd, and 180 of the 3rd. j 

The Knightage. Companionage, c(-c. 

The Most Eminent Order op the Indian Empire.— The Order so entitled Avas 
instituted by her late Majesty on January i, 1878, and for the purpose of commemorating 

#her proclamation in the previous year as Emjiress of India. It is awarded for a 
like purpose with the Order of the Star of India, though inferior to it in rank. In j 
1886 it was enlarged, and again at the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. It now con- ; 
G.c.i.E. sists of the Sovereign, the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members j 
Badge, of the Eoyal Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there 
exists the special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions : 
ex 0,-fficio. Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Clagses were added I 
in that year. Its oficers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian | 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations arc the Badge, Star, | 
Collar, Eibbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an open i 
red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto "Imperatricis ! 
auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria Impera- j 
trix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar but j 
j larger crown in the. Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the j 
I Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
i I gold and silver rays ; for the Second CI ass these rays are all silver. The Colla,r, worn by the 
i First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
' linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
' imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c., Companions 
attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
, the Star. Designations, with limits (ex -Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.C.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A. B., K.C.I. E. ... 92 ,, 

ii-:' 2rd „ Companions The letters CLE. ... unlimited. 

■ The CLE. appointments each year are limited to ao (40 in 1903) -\- vacancies through promotion (not death). 

' The Royal Victorian Order.— This last of our Orders of Knighthood, which dates 
only from April 21, 1896, was specially designed as a recognition of personal services t<,\ 
Queen Victoria, but since her decease it has been enormously increased in I 
numbers, and may nov/ apparently be regai-ded as the rev»'ard for any person 
"whom the King delighteth to honour." It had been anticipated, on the con- 
trary, that its designa.tion would have com.pelled it to be now wholly closed ; but 
o.c.v .0. ^^^^ present esteemed Monarch, in an excess of filial devotion, retains it under the 

# nomenclature adopted b.y his mother, and it was her foible to connect herself 
in some way personally with every one of the many Orders or Decorations 
which she instituted. The Court Journal incidentally remarked that such had 
E.c.v.o. not been the practice of British Sovereigns before her ; and the institution | 
by King Edward of the Imperial Service Order and the Conspicuous Service Cross, | 
distinguished only by an alterable cipher, makes it probable that such practice i 
is now at an end. The Order now under consideration comprises no less than five i 
Classes, of which the ist is to take precedence after G.C.I.E., the 2nd after j 
K.C.I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelors, the 4th after C.I.E., and the 5th ; 
after D.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., styled "Commander," is! 
superior to a C.B. (at first even to a Knight Bachelor). Higher than all these classes i 
there is the Victorian Chain, which is regulai'ly restricted to the Royal Family, but was 
conferred upon -the late Archbishop of Canterbury after the Coronation. The numerous : 
foreign members are Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on June 20, \ 
the day of her late Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and Secretary, 
who are respectively the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Keeper of I 
the Privy Purse for the time being. The decorations are the Badge, Star, and ' 
Ribbon. The Badge, for the ist Class, is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, with \ 
a crimson oval in the centre containing the royal and imperial cipher and the name | 
"Victoria," all in gold letters, the name being surrounded by a blue circle surmounted i 
Iby a crown ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but smaller, and for the 4th smaller ! 
\ 5till ; for the 5th it is the size of the 4th, but with the cross in frosted silver instead of 1 
: ' white enamel. The Star for the ist Class is silver chipped, with eight points, and having | 
I smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 2nd Class it is in the form of a ' 
i Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having the reproduced Badge in ! 
rosted silver instead of enamel : it is not worn by the three lower Classes. The Ribbon | 
s of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes — red, white, and red again ; for } 

64 Introduction. 

the ist Class it is sf ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder to below the left 
arm, having the Badg©^ suspended to it ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is i|ins. broad 
and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is i| ins. broad and attached to the 
left breast. The numbers of all the Classes are unlimited, and the following are the 
designations : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross...... ..........Sir A.B., G.C.V.O. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.V.O. 

3rd ,, Commanders The letters C.V.O. 

t ;: SS^S81r:;::::::::::::::::;;:::::::::}Ti- letters M,v.o. 

The Royal HANOvtmiAN Guelphic Ordeji.— This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto " Nec aspera terrent " (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.G.H. (Knight Grand Cross of Hanover)— H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
K.G.H. (Knight Commander of Hanover—last, Sir Woodbine Parish, who died 1881). 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover —corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir"). 
Baron von Pawel-flammingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country. 

Knights Bachelors.— In strict terms these do not constitute an " Order," though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 

thave mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 
Knights were known simply as "Knights," or Equites Aurati ; it must be added 
that "Bachelors" {Milites Bacchilari'^ were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modem "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of " bas chevalier," as implying a lower 
rank of Knights than those who received the honour under the royal banner; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by James the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at hia own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have." A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! i 
A. few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal system,^ 
and the possession of a Knight's fee or of a certain small amount of land not only gave a 
claim to but allowed no escape from the title. Still, though it might be a burden it was 
an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts the honour was 
degraded as above, while the ancient requirement to provide troops for the King was 
still maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from the promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ^100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the i2tli of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished — the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for whieh they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1904 the fees on the letters patent (;^5o) and on the warrant for the 
same [£'^o) were wholly abolished. 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
"Knight "or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 60) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming an Order. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland can create Knights Bachelors. 

The Knightage^ Companionate, d-c. 65 

Order of Merit. — King Edward in June 1902 instituted this Order, which at 
present occupies a very anomalous position, conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
^ ship of the Order of the Bath, It is designed as a very special distinction for 
men most e^ninent in any department whatever — war, science, literature, or art 
— without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens that of the 
twelve originally appointed, every one, with the exception of a late distinguished 
o.M. Mil. Royal Academician, was either a Peer, Knight, or Privy Councillor. There is no 
mention of any defined limit to the Order, and its only Officer is the Secretary 
and Registrar, who is the Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Depart- 
ment for the time being. The Badge is a species of cross, the arms of which 
have their ends curved outwardly, instead of being cloven. It is of red and 
blue enamel, and its inner portion bears the words " For Merit" in gold letters 
within a laurel wreath, the reverse containing the royal and imperial cipher : 
o.M. Civ. in the cases of naval and military men two silver swords with gilt hilts are 
added, and these cross each other, so as to fit into the four angles. The whole is attached 
to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended by a broad ribbon of Garter-blue and 
crimson. The Secretary's badge has the addition of two silver pens in the place of the 
swords. The Order has an anniversary day fixed for June 26 (that intended for the 
Coronation). Its designation is the letters O.M. 

The Distinguished Service Order,— In this also and some following Orders we may 
be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members being Companions only. The 
]3resent Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian, 
the sequence of Companions &c. thus becoming — C.V,0., C.B., C.S.I., C.M.G., 
C.I.E., M,V.O. 4th Class, D.S.O., M.V.O. 5th Class. The Order under notice 
was instituted by her late Majesty in 1886, its purpose being the recognition 
of special services of commissioned officers in the Army and Navy. The Sovereign is at 
its head and its numbers are unlimited (now about 1650). Its Badge is a gold cross 
enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown surrounded by a wreath of 
laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground) ; on the reverse side there is 
now the cipher ER VII within a similar wreath : this is worn attached to the left 
breast by a red ribbon edged blue. Designation, the letters D.S.O. 

Imperial Service Order.— King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902, insti- 
tuted this Order, It is restricted to members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) 
branches of the Civil Service, and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, and Companions (not exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 425, 
of whom 250 may belong to the Home Services and 175 to the Colonial. Those 
of the former class must, as a rule, have rendered 25 years of meritorious 
service, and those of the latter 16 ; but these rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even 
subject to alteration. Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled Secretary and 
Registrar. The Badge is a medallion to be worn on the left breast, bearing on one side 
the royal cipher, and on the other the words, "For Faithful Service," the 'lettering 
being m dark blue enamel upon a shield of gold girt with a laurel wreath and sur- 
I moimted by a crown. (The minor honour of the Service Medal, like the 
1 above, but of silver, is announced as designed for award to those who have served 
the full terms without displaying any particular merit.) Designation, the letters I.S.O. 

-We presume that this Order will eventually confer precedence next after the pre- 
ceding, but all those that follow are honours only and give no rank. 

The Royal Order op Victoria and Albert (for Ladies). — Instituted in 1862, and 
enlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880. It comprises Her Majesty Queen Alexandra and four 
Classes, of which the First consists of Princesses of the Royal Family with some foreign 
Queens, the Second of Royal ladies less nearly connected with our Royal Family, and 
the Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility of higher or lower rank. Badge, 
in the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, differing 
in the width and jewelling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the fourth 
substitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
which is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. Designation, the letters V.A. 

The Ibiperial Order of the Crown of India (for Ladies).— Instituted Jan. i, 1878 
and for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. It 




consists of her present Majesty with some Royal Princesses, and the female relatives of 
Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection with India. 
Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an Heraldic Crown 
and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. Designation, the i 
letters C.I. ' 

The Oedee of St. John of Jeeusalem.— Though containing "Knights of Justice" 
and " of Grace," this Order is no more than an honorary title. Its Maltese prototype 
arose in the century of the Norman Conquest, and by about iioo it was established in ^ 
England, making its headquarters the Priory of St. John in Clerkenwell, of which the \ 
ancient gateway still remains ; the Sisters of the Order were located at Bucklands in ^ 
Somersetshire. It began as a voluntary confraternity for the relief of pilgrim.s to 
Jerusalem, and a similar object has all along been kept before it, its present English 
namesake having offshoots such as the St. John's Ambulance Association and the British 
Ophthalmic Hospital at Jerusalem. A charter wa,s granted to the British Order by Queen 
Victoria in 1888, its full title being therein given as " The Grand Priory of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England." Besides the above Knights it possesses 
Commanders, as well as Squires, Chaplains, Honorary Serving Brothei's and Sisters, 
and Honorary Associates ; for its long string of officers we must refer to the Almanack, 
Its Badge is a Maltese Cross deeply cleft, with alternately a lion and a unicorn between 
the branches ; it is of gold or silver according to the grade, and is worn suspended from 
a black watered silk ribbon. Its medal, with a device like that of the Badge upon one 
side and a sprig of St. John's wort upon the other, is conferred for acts of gallantry 
involving risk of life. The fraternity may be described as a Protestant analogue to the 
Roman Catholic Order known as " The Knights of Malta" (hence the Maltese Cross), 
it having long settled in that island after migrating from Jerusalem to Acre and thence 
to Rhodes ; but the two are absolutely imconnected. 

MiLiTAEY Knights of Windsoe. — A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, are granted a pension ranging from ;^'5o to ^^130 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, confers no more of a title than does a stiite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
IJp till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
will of S. Travers, Esq. ), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
j amounts to £7^ a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from i349> 
I having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
j constituted " The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter " as it then was, and they 
! continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
1 the Sovereign in his capacitv as head of that Order ; they form part of an ecclesiastical 
college under its Registrar, the Dean of Windsor ; their pay comes from the revenues 
of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every K.G. has upon appointment to 
contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that of 
the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Fourth, who 
prefixed the word ' ' Military " to their title. Under Charles the First the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queeii 
Elizabeth drew up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the year, and must attend St. George's Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides acting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 

The Victoria Cross (12FO was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of conspicuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displayed by 
either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and file and 
non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field -Marshals 
and Admirals of the Fleet, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers ; the Militia also are now included if they have 
been serving under regular officers. Conjoined with the decoration is the confer- 
ment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of ;^io per annum and an 
additional ^5 for each Bar, a,s immediately to be explained ; and what is still more, 
this ;,^io may be increased to £$0 (at the option of the Secretary for War or First 
Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. The Badge consists in a cross-patt^e of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion aboVe it, and a scroll below bearing thei words 

Decorations. _ 67 

''For Valour." Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 
ribbon is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The cross is usually styled 
I " Maltese," but this cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the ends 
I as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St, George, and the Royal 
Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never cloven 
at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
jfi3 from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

The Conspicuous Service Cross (C.S.C.), instituted by King Edward in 1901, is also 
I a decoration in reward of "distinguished sex-vice before the enemy," but is specially 
j designed for bestowal on Warrant Officers and subordinate officers in the Fleet who do 
j not hold commissions in the Navy. It consists of a silver cross with the reverse side 
j plain, but on the obverse the cipher ERI surmounted by an Imperial Crown. 

j The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which has been very extensively awarded of 
' late, is a similar decoration, confined to the rank and file of the Army. Its equivalent 
j in the Navy is termed the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. 

j| . The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) is an honour for rewarding the 
!{ meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must be or have been in 
I commission and have served twenty years, though a provision is made allowing half the 
I time spent in other military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 
; Gazette. The Badge is an oak wreath in silver v/ith the cipher VR and an Heraldic 
Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a. 
I silver oak bar-brooch. 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
I ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry in Saving 
Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
I now two Classes, the Badge of the one having a golden centre with a bronze garter 
I around it, that of the other being wholly in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an 
j Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which in the Sea Division an anchor is added. 
The suspending ribbon in this Division is of dark blue, with four white stripes in the 
First Class and two in the Second ; in the Land Division it is crimson with similar 
white stripes. An added Bar records an additional act of gallantry. — Another 
"Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, is given by the Societij of Arts, 

The Royal Red Cross (R.ja.C— for Ladies), founded 1883, is a distinction conferred 
upon ladies of any rank or position, whether subjects or foreigners, who may be brought 
to the Sovereign's notice for acts of mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of 
war. It has the Queen and several Royal Princesses at its head. Badge, a cross-pattee 
* enamelled crimson which has hitherto borne her late Majesty's effigy in the centre on 
1 one side, on the reverse the cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words 
i "Faith," "Hope," "Charity," "1883." The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied in a 
bow and worn on the left shoulder. 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the First 
Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 

: State for India ; the Second as the granc of the Governor-General. The medal is an 

, oval-shaped badge — in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second — with the 
Royal cipher on one side, and on the reverse side the words "Kaisar-i-Hind — for 

: Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blue ribbon. 

' Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Order OF Mercy (both sexes), established in 1904, with the King as its Sovereign, j 
I may be described as an official outgrowth of the League of Mercy, though this also is > 
■ a body having a royal charter. This League is an association in connection with King i 
! Edward's Hospital Fund for London, and its members are expected to interest them- \ 
\ selves, both by contributions and personal service, on behalf of the sick and suffering. \ 
' It possesses Badge, consisting of a Geneva Cross in deep red enamel upon gold, with ' 
' a smair figure of Mercy in tlie centre: the "Order" substitutes a grou^ of figures } 

G 2 



\ representing Charity, and the cross is surmounted by the Prince of Wales's feathers, 

I The Prince and Princess of Wales are the Grand President and Lady Grand President 
|i of both League and Order, and the Treasurer is Sir Henry Burdett, K.C.B. The 
,j' "Order" has been awarded to a number of Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the 

I I League, and is conferable upon any of its members who have belonged to it for five 
1, years or rendered any distinguished service. 

The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather than of title, 
it being a head-dress which can legally be worn only by servants of royalty and of 
naval and military officers, diplomatists, and the lieutenants, deputy-lieutenants, and 
high sheriffs of counties. As worn hy these its colour is black— circular with a 
projecting fan for military and semi-military men, and oval without fan for naval 
officers. Its introduction into England in these forms was due to the House of Hanover, 
those who adopted it signifying thereby their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of 
various colours had been here known long previous to their time. Under Charles the First 
there was a scarlet cockade, but under nis son the colour was changed to white, and 
"the white cockade" became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (whose title " Prince of Orange," however, was derived from 
a small principality of that name now belonging to France). At that date " to mount 
the cockade " implied simply " to become a soldier," the white or orange denoting the 
party. The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
1,1, 1 large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London in the foreign 

I / liveries of carriage attendants — black and white for Germany, black and yellow for 

! Austria, the tricolour for France, scarlet for Spain, blue and white for Portugal, and 

black, red, and yellow for Belgium. The word was borrowed from the French cocarde, 
having originally been applied to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian 
soldiers serving in the French army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of 
ribbons, came to be used in pinning up the flaps o'f the hat into a cocked position, and 
1 thus gradually the word passed for the name of the " cocked" hat itself. (This para- 

Ijji graph is mainly based upon an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical 

I Magazine for June 1899.) 


II ' 1. INDIAN. 

j The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders it 

desirable that some explanation of their titles as well as of their names should be 
! supplied to English readers. For that w^hich we here present, as also for a considerable 

I amount of rearrangement in the Dikectory, we are indebted in the first place to 

I Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffi^eld, but formerly of Calcutta, the one as 

proprietor and editor of the Indian Daily Neios, and the other as a practising barrister 
in the Supreme Court. Their generous help has been supplemented and greatly 
extended by the kindness of Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. Burne, G.O.I.E. 

Taking up the names first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or , 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what 1 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 1 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unfrequently a man has to be t 
entered under the first of his names, be it "Christian" name or not. "In Bengal," 
says our informant, " a Hindu generally has three names, just as the old Roman had 
his prwnomcn, nomen, and cor/nomen. The first would be the personal name (' Christian' 
name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." Thus the I 
order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, "Marcus Tullius Cicero" ' 
has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of the 
Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 1 
"some seeming to have no family name at all, as Khadia Bux = 'the gift of God;'" 
to which may be appended the range of variations from th© lengthy ' ' Abdul Fayal 
Muhammad Abdur Rahman " to the single name " Buddhu." | 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multipHcity. Here again we jj 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 'i 
niedans, the highest in rank with the former being Maharaja and with the latter Nawab, |i 
with the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Some titles are [t 

Native Eastern Names and Titles, 69 

hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those nominally such (and of these there are 
no less than some 620) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by our 
Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary. It must be added 
that though caste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with 
the titles. Some words, such as Amir and Khan, are confusingly used as both titles 
I and names: but we will now do our best to furnish a glossary of those occurring in 
ithis volume which have anything titular about them. 

AMuwalia — Prince, head of a princely family. 
Akhundzada — son of a head officer. 

Amir (coiTuptly Erair) — a Mohammedan Chief, a man of high rank ; also often a personal name. 
Bab% or Bahu~\\t. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Bahadur — lit. " noble," Or " warrior : " a title much valued by Mohammedans and often bestowed by 
Government ; it strengthens other titles, but if standing alone it may designate a petty ruler. 
Bakhshi—a Kevenue Officer or Magistrate. 

Begum — feminine of " Nawab," combined as " Nawab Begum in Bh opal. 

Besai — understood to mean a large land-owner. 

BMip—a, sovereign or king (used in one locality only). 

Dudi — lit. " gTandfather " (paternal) : any venerable person, 
j Dah — a Brahminieal priestly title ; it is the name of a di^sinity. 
[DA/ro;'— "Lord of the Lands " (comp. " Besar "). 

I Diwan—a, First Minister to a native Mohammedan prince, a Vizier ; also a Council of State. 

\ Gaekivar ov Guicowar— title oi the ruler of Baroda, with Maharaja " added (Hindu); it was once a 

I caste name, and means '•' cowherd," implying, the protector of the sacred animal. 

i| Kad—a Judge. 

Khaii—oi'ig. the niler of a small Mohammedan State, now a prized but nearly empty title, and very 

commonly used as a name, especially as an adjunct to Afghan or Pathan names. 
Kitnwar or Kumar — heir to a title. 

\LoMndra — " Protector of the World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Duttia. 
Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hindus, or else a personal distinction con- 
' ferred by Government. Maharaj Kumar, the heir of a Maharaja ; Maharana and Maharao 

\ are merely variants of Maharaja, of which Blaharani is the feminine {maha — great). 

iMian — , like the Scottish " Master " (son of a Rajput Prince). 

\Mir — a chief or leader, an inferior title which, like " Kiian," has grown into a name. 
\Mirza—ii prefixed, " Mr. ; " if following, " Prince." 
I Moulvi — a learned man or teacher. 
I Mudeliar — " Steward of the Lands." 
ij Myowun — "Mr." 

Nawah— orig. a Viceroy under the Mogul Government ; the title of a Mohammedan prince, inferior 

only to " Nizam ; " also a Government bestowal on men of high rank. 
Nizam— tide title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the leading Mohammedan prince in India. 
Pandit or Pundit— B. learned man. 

ffa/a— a Prince, a title given largely to Hindus of rank, similar to "Maharaja" but lower. It has 
the similar variations Raj, Sana, and Bao, also the feminine Eani. 

\Saheb—th.e native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
" Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb," but ina^fcfressw.i^ it would be " Saheb," 
fem, " Saheba," without the name) ; occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master). The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

Sahihzada — son of a person of consequence. 

Sa:id, Sayid, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, Syud—YSirious forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 

male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 
Sawhwa — a cliief . 
'Shahzada — son of a Prince. 

Sirdar (properly Sardir)—a, leading Government official entrusted with either the civil or military or 
both departments of the State ; a chief or head man, or even a Grand Vizier. 

Sri or Shri— lit. f ortime, wealth : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person whom they 
regard with special respect (never addressed to him) ; used also of divinities. The two forms 

' of spelling are occasioned by the intermediate sound of the s (that of s in the German Stadt). 

'1 Talpur— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

j Thakur—&n equivalent to " Raja," and also Hindu ; used locally in Central and N.W. India. 
UZemindar—di landowner. 

I 2. tlGYPTIAN. 

I Most of the following have been kindly supplied us by the Earl of Cromer : 
J^Hmir — see "Amir" of previous list. 
I ?erik — a Vice-Adnairal. 

\ Haly—a, word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in " Boutros Ghaly Pacha." 

; ^aid — used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province. 

I ^udir — a Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 

I ^arei — an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Yaver Pacha." 




The English College of Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate bodj^ originally 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are api)ointed on the nomination of the 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remuneration, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive from 
private practice, though one Herald and one Pursuiva^nt are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they a,re subject to 
some slight superintendence from Garter, but are in no degree connected v/ith the 
Earl Marshal. The duty of the vai'ious Offices is to attend to all matters of pedigrees, 
honours, and precedence ; and of the English College in particular to arrange all state 

The three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in the 
tabard or sleeveless coat— that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arm.s are 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak -leaves, and they 
wear gold collars of SS., which according to some means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, 
one of the Kings tells us, is " hotly controverted ; " they are assigned official anus to 
impale with their own (for Garter see further under that Order). The Heralds have 
similar collars, but of silver; their designation is solely in connection with "heraldry," 
the trumpeters attending them upon state ceremonies whenever the more ordinary 
function of a " herald " has to be performed. 

List of Kings of Arms. 
(For names see below. ) 
6^rt?'ie?-— Piincipal King for England, with some wider superintendence. 
Clarenceux~ioT England E., W., & S. of the Trent. 
Norroy —ioT England North of the Trent. 
Lyon — for Scotland . 
Ulster-^iov Ireland. 

Independent of the Earl Marshal, 

College of Arms, Queen Victoria St., E.C. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms. 
aarter-^iv Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty, ; C.V.O,, 

fee— Col. Douglas F. R. Dawson, C.M.G. 
Clarenceux — George Edwd. Cokayne, Esq., M.A., 

Norroy — William Henry Weldon, Esq., C.V.O. , 


Chester — Henry Murray Lane, Esq. ^ 
LancMstei — Edward Bellasis, Esq. {Registrar). 
Yorh-Geo. Wm. Marshall, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A. 
Somerset — Henry Farnham Eurke, Esq., C.V.O., 

Eichm,ond—Q\\&s. Harold Athill, Esq., F.S.A. 
Windsor— "Wm.. Alex. Lindsa3^ Esq., K.C., M.A., 

Surrey [Extraord.) — Chas. Alban Buckler, Esq. 

Rouge Croix — Arthiu- Wm. Stewart Cochrane, 

Bluemantle — Gordon Ambrose De Lisle Lee, Esq. 
Rouge Dragon — Everard Green, Esq., V.P.S.A. 
Portcullis— -T^hos. Morgan Joseph -Watkin, Esq., 

B.A., F.S.A. 
Fitxalan {Extraord.) — Gerald Woods Wollas- 

ton, Esq. 

Earl MarshaVs Sec, Henry E. Wilberforce, 

Regist., Edwd. Bellasis, Esq. (Lane. Herald). 

Lyon Court, New General Register House, 

King of Arms. 
Lyon— Siv James Balfour Paul, F.S.A.Scot., Adv. 
Jyyon Clerk and Keeper of Records — Francis Jas. 

Grant, Esq., W.S,, F'.S.A.Scot. 
Procurator J'/scfl?— David Scott-Moncrielf, Esq., 



Albany —'Robuvt Spence Livingstone, Esq. 
Ross — Andrew Ross, Esq., Solic. to Supr. Ct. 
Rotliesay—'Fv&nQiB Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. 
Scot. {Lyon Clerk), 
Herald Fainter — Graham Johnston, Esq. 

Carr/c/t— William Rae Macdonald, Esq., F.S.A. 

March— Csupt. Geo. Sitwell Campbeli-Swinton, 
F.S.A. Scot. 

Unicorn — John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot., Adv. 


Office op Arms, Record Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms. 
f7/5^^r— Sir Arthur Edwd. Vicars, K.C.V.O., F.S.A. 
Assist. Sees., Fras. R. Shaekleton, Esq, ; 
Regd. M. Glencross, Esq.,B.A. 

Atlilone—^enry Claude Blake, Esq.,M.V.O. {Priv. 
Sec. to Ulster King). 




The relative positions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this v/e meet with a statute passed under 
Henry the Seventh, and a m.ore important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
which has since been looked upon as the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, there being no recognition of the 
I liigh office of Prime Minister nor of Colonial Governors nor military and naval com- 
1 manders; again, the sons of Peers' eldest sons nowhere occur, Hereditai-y precedence 
i as^a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
I olispring. Men possessing two claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
i be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher : yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Bai-ony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks to that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it Avill 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of his predecessor, as they themselves will 
I have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official — as that of the 
1 Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session — confers no precedence whatever upon 
! the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as only one degree lower than the 
younger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers any precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the Poyal Family, while Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, ' Burke ' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marquesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of senioritj^ of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 

Table of General Precedence — Mm. 

The Sovereign. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Sovereign's grandsons. 
Sovereign's brothers. 
Sovereign's nephews. 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor. 
Archbishop of York. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Lord President of the Council. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Four following State Officers if Dukes : 
I, Lord Great Chamberlain, when on duty ; 2, Earl 
Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 
of Household. 
Diikes of England in order of dates of their patents. 
Dukes of 
Dukes of Great Britain. 
Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 
Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Four State Officers as above if Marquesses. 
Marciuesses of England &c., in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Four State officers as above, if Earls. 
Earls, in same order as Dukes. 
Younger sous of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Four State officers as above, if Viscounts. 
Viscounts, in same order as Dukes. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester 

(in that order). 
Other English Bishops, in order of consecration. 
Irish Archbishops and Bishops (either Prot. or R.C.) 

Four above Officers of State, if Barons. 
Secretaries of State and Irish Secretary, if Barons 
(Order— Home, Foreign, Colonial, War, India, Irish). 
Barons, in same order as Dukes. 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer of the Household. 

Comptroller of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State &c., below rank of Barons. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter if Commoners. 
Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief J ustice of England. 
Master of the Rolls. 
Lords Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 
Judges of the High Court of Justice. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' j'ounger sous. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronet? of either Kingdom (concurrently). 
Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of ths Indian Empire. 
Knights Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order. 
Knights Commanders of the above five Orders, 
in same sequence. 
Knights Bachelors. 
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Judges of County Courts and of City of Lond. Ct. 
aiasters in Lunacy. 
Companions of first four of the above five Orders, in 
saine sequence. 
Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Eldest sons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 
3Iembers (Class s) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Y'ounger sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 
Naval, Military, and other Esquires by Office. 
Gentlemen entitled to bear Coat Armour. 



Knights of the Thistle and St. Patrick are wholly overlooked (Burke now inserts the 
latter next after the Garter), but as they are invariably of some other high rank the 
omission is of no practical consequence. We have omitted not only these, but also three 
i or four offices which are now non-existent. In University Precedence we have Doctors 
! (in the order— t).D., D.C.L. or LL.D., M.D., Mus, D., D. litt., D. Sc.), Bachelors of 
the same faculties, then Masters of Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative 
Ranks of Army and Navy, see the Almanack. The order of Legal Precedence is, for 

the highest officials, given under the general list above ; but for the 
classes we must append the following after" Judges of the High Court : " 


J udge Advocate-General. 
Att ornej'-G eneral. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland. 
King's Counsel. 
Recorder of London. 
Common Serjeant of London. 
Attoraey-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 

Masters in Chancery 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Doctors of Civil Law. 
Barristers with patents of precedence. 
Other Barristers. 
King's Remembrancer. 

Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Irish Bishops :" 

Bishop of Sodor and Man. 
Scottish Bishops. 
Colonial Bishops. 
Bishops Suffragan, Retired, Assistant, and 
Missionary Bishops. 

Rectors of degree D.D. 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 

Precedence am,ong Ladies. 

As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if married and of 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading " Nomenclature of 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- 
ticular, we may here repeat that whilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Loi-d, the 
married daughter of a Peer may either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to 
her former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 
so styled, see page 74) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. The mere official rank of the husband as_ a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The following is the order observed : 

The Queen. 
The Princess of Wales. 
Sovereign's daughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 
Sovereign's granddaughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 
Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nieces. 
Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 
Duchesses (in order of Dukes). 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 
Daughters of Dukes. 

Wives of younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses. 
Daughters of Marquesses. 
Wives of younger sons of Dukes. 
Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 
Daughters of Earls. 
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses. 

Wives of eldest sons of Viscounts. 

Daughters of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Earls. 
Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 
Daiighters of Barons. 
Maids of Honour. 
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Barons. 
Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Peers. 

Wives of Baronets. 
Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 
Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Order. 
AVives of Companions. 
Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 
Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 
Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 
Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 
Wives of Members (5th Class) Roy. A'^ict. Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 
Wives of younger sons of Peers' younger sons. 
Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 
Wives of younger sons of Knights, 
AVives of Esquires. 
AVives of Gentlemen. 



Loeal Precedence, 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
rank in a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
London the order is— Lord Mayor (on C3ity state occasions he ranks next to the 
Sovereign), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the Chair, Sheriffs, 
Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Hemembrancer (no position 
is yet assigned to the new office of Lieutenant, of which there are not far short of 
four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor first unless 
there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At Oxford and 
Cambridge the Sheriff takes precedence of the Vice-Chancellor. 

Precedence in Scotland. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord High Commissioner to the Gen. Assemloly 
(while that Assembly is sitting). 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively) 
of the Sovereign. 
Lord Provost of Edinburgh (within city). 
Hereditary High Constable. 
Hereditary Master of the Household. 
Lord Chancellor. 
Dukes (successively) of Scotland, England, Gt. Britain, 
Ireland, and United Kingdom. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls, in order as Dukes, 
founger sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of the Church of England. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 
Keeper of the Great Seal. 
Keeper of the Privy Seal. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons, Knights of the Garter. 

Privy Councillors not included in above ranks. 
Lord Justice-General. 
Lord Clerk-Register. 

Lord Advocate. 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 
Lords of Session. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Knights Marischal. 

Knights of other Orders, Knights of the Thistle as 
in England. 
Lyon liing of Arms. 

Knights Bachelors. 
Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of Orders. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Younger sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Dean of the Faculty of Advocates. 
S olicitor-G eneral. 
King's Counsel (of Scottish Ear first). 

Precedence in Ireland. 

The Sovereign. I 
The Lord Lieutenant. | 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. \ 
Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Archbishop of York. 
Archbishop of Armagh. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. I 
Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 
together with Moderator Gen. Assemb. Presb. 1 
Ch. in Ireland. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 
Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. j 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord Great Chamberlain. Varied 
Earl Marshal. I as in 

Lord Steward of the Household. j Engld. 
Lord Chamberlain of ditto. J q.v. 
The Hereditary Seneschal of Ireland. 
Dukes, in same order as in England. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
English Bishops as in England. 
Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic. 
Secretaries of State, if Barons. 

Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 
Master of tlie Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, 
Secretaries of State &c.. if lower than a Baron (see 
General Table for order). 
Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 
General commanding the Forces in Ireland. 
Attorney-General of Ireland. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 
[The English order from here holds good to Knights 
Bachelors, inserting "Judicial Commissioner of Irish ] 
Land Commission " after other Judges.] 

Solicitor-General of Ireland. 
J udges of Court of Bankruptcy. j 
Judges of County Courts. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Provost of Trinity College. 
Doctors of Divinity. 

Doctors of Laws. 
Doctors of Medicine. 

LncuUy, the Lieut, of a County precedes the Sheriflf. 




*** For Conclusions of Letters see near the end of section. 

Admiral. — The title and name only, any other 
ascription following the office thus : *' Vice- 
Admiral Lord A.," " Rear- Admiral the Earl of 
C." (or " the Hon. C. D."). So with other Naval 
and Military Officers, q.v. 

Alderman. — If of London, and having passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Right Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — " Your Excellency " (but a 
Duke "Your Grace "); " His Excellency Sir Y. Z., 
H.B.M.'s Ambassador Extraordinary and Pieni- 
1 potentiary to the Court of R." (but see E7ivoy 
I or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

I Archbishop. — " My Lord Archbishop," " Your 
! Grace," "His Grace [or "The Most Reverend"] 
j the Lord Archbishop of C. ; " in formal addresses 
I "The Most Reverend Father in God, John, by 
j Divine Providence, Archbishop of Canterbury ; " 
' elsewhere, " by Divine Permission." (The Abp. 
I of Armagh is in Ireland styled ' ' His Grace the 
Lord Primate of All Ireland.") Wife, no title. 

Archdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
repeating), "The Venerable A. B.," or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of C." 

Baron.—" My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Eight Hon. Lord A." Baroness, "Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Right Hon. Lady A," 
(but "Baroness A." if the title is inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Right Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The " being understood as a substitute for " Rt. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Duke. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or " Madam," "The Eon. C. D." 
Son's wife, "The Hon. Mrs. D." or "The Hon. 
Mrs. John D.," unless her own rank is higher, in 
which ease attend to Note on " Marriage of Peer- 
esses," at pp. 25-7 (no distinction for eldest son). 

Baronet.— " Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
rather too familiar to be used by inferiors), " Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Bt." preferred to "Bart"). 
Wife, "Madam," " Your Ladyship," "Lady A." 
(without any Christian name unless she is a Lady 
by birth, as daughter of a Duke, Marquess, or 
Eaii, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ; " if 
daughter of a Viscount or Bai"on,"The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The"— see preceding paragraph). Por widoiv, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 

Bishop.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;"formaliy, 
" The Right Reverend Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial Bps. the same, and so also 
by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even Missionary Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Retired Bishop, " The Right Reverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but "My Lord." 
The Bishop of Meath takes the style of " Most 
Reverend," and so all Irish Uoman Catholic 

Canow.—" Reverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating) , 
"The Reverend Canon B." 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen.— " Reverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Rev. E. F.," "The Rev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Rev. the Hon." (so " Right 
Rev. the Hon.," " Rev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than "Hon. and Rev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
som-etimes find the form "The Rev. and Hon." 

Companions oe Knighthood. — No distinc- 
tion : "E. F., Esq., C.B." So with a C.V.O. 

Consul.— "B. C, Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul atD." 

Countess.— See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords. — Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and. Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other sons, 
see under Duke &c. 

Dean. — "Very Reverend Sir," "Mr. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Rev. the Dean 
of B." 

Divorced Lady'. — In her maiden name, but 
with " Mrs." instead of " Miss" (no retention of 
any former title whether claimed or not). If 
divorced on her own petition the presumption 
would seem to be that she would be eager to be 
quit of the obnoxious name ; but in spite of its 
gross inconsistency the retention appears to be 
the more customary course, and that even when 
merely the surname and not an actual title 
is concerned. Of course no such title would be 
recognised at Court, but the recent Cowlev case 
has elicited a judgment from the House of Lords 
that, while such assumption can have no legal 
right, its conventional adoption cannot be inter- 
fered with by a Court of Law, and can only be 
dealt with by the Committee of Privileges of that 
Assembly. See further under " Divorcees " on 
p. 27. 

Dov/AGER Ladies.— Directions for the correct 
use of the term " Dowager" or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 27. 
The f oi-ms of address will then be such as ' ' The 
Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," " The 
Right Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," " Her Grace 
the Dowager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for " Rt. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or "Emilj', Lady E." A Knighfs widow suffei-s 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
daughter where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 23) a Christian name can 
be prefixed to "Lady" when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager " shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We venture to recommend that 
it should follow when the name or title is not 
expressed (as "the Duchess Dowager," "The 
Lady Dowager"), hut precede when that title is 
given (as "The Dowager Duchess of A.," "The 
Dowager Countess of [or "Lady"] B."). 
We once even met with an advertisement com- 
mencing " Dowager the Lady H. will gladly," &c. 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title. 

Duke. — "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble "] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally, " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGrace." Dwc/iess, "Madam," "Your Grace," 
" Her Grace the Duchess of A." For widotv, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see under 
" Courtesy Titles," p. 24, and again address pre- 
cisely as if their father was an actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger son, "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," " The Lord Henry C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C," imless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The Lady Sophia" will again 
be coi'rect. For the status of married daughters of 
Dukes and other Peers, see art. on pp. 25-7. Tlie 
prefix " Right Honourable " is by courtesy 
i assigned to younger sons and all daughters of 
i Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughtei's of 
Earls {i.e., to those taking the title "Lord|" or 
"Lady"), but it is seldom used in any of these 
cases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Right Hon. the Earl of A," Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Empeeob. — " Sire," "Your Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy, — " A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of B." 

General.— See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony.—" His Excellency Sir 
A. B., the Governor of D." (if a Duke "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
"Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colon j^). 
! Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles like 
j " The O'Donoghue " are complete without " Mr." 
I or "Esq." "Wives are addressed as " Madam." 
Judge op a County Court and of City of 
London Court.— " Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
bench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 

Judge of Superior Court. — "Sir," "My 
Lord" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
(not after retirement). If a Peer, address as such. 
■Justice op the Peace. — Oificially, "Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King.— "Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence "Sire," or, 
" May it please Your Majesty." 
King's Counsel.— "A. B., Esq., K.C." 
Knight.— As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
the correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
i omitting any affix, though " Knight " is appended 
I informal style. Wifeslso as Baronet's. For a 
I widow, see under Doivager Ladies. 
! . Knight op the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
i Patrick.— A Peer bearing either of these titles 
I should have the respective initials appended to 
1 his name— in fact, the iaitals of any Order. 
{ Lord Advocate.—" Sir," " The Right Honour- 
! able." 

Lord op Appeal.— As other Barons. So wife, 

and now so children also, 
i Lord Chancellor. — " My Lord," "Your 
I Lordship," "The Right Hon. the Lord High 



Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "Thei 
Rt. Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." ! 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland).— "Your 
Grace," "His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Right Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E.").— Distinguish ''Lord of Ap- 

Lord Lieutenant op Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency [" Grace," if a Duke] the Lord Lieutenant," 
and according to rank. Wife, " Her Excellency " \ 
(see ' ' Precedence among Ladies " ) . j 

Lord Mayor.— " My Lord," " Your Lordship," I 
"The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no ; 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Right Hon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness, j 

Lord Provost.— " My Lord ; " in Edinburgh. ' 
"The Right Hon^ the Lord Provost;" in 
Glasgow &c., " The Hon." Wife as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland). — " My Lord," ! 
" Your Lordship," ' ' The Hon. Lord A." Wife as \ 
commoner. i 
Magistrate.— See </ms?jc<>. 1 
Maid of Honour.— " Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss"). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank).— "My Lord,'' 
" Your Ladyship," " The Most Noble the Baron 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," " My j 
Lord," "Your Lordship," "The Most Hon. the | 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of i 
" Most Noble ") . 3Iarchioness, " Madam," " Your 1 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. Sons &c., j 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a j 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. j 

Master (Scottish).—" The Hon. the Master of," j 
and as Barons' sons. 

Master of the Rolls.— " Sir," "My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Right j 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) I 

Mayor.— " Sir," "The Worshipful the Mayor j 
of D.," in a few cities "Right Worshipful." j 
'[Vife, no distinction. j 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. j 
23).— "The Honourable." JF(/e, no distinction, i 

Member of Parliament.— No distinction as ! 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow i 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c., when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — "Sir," "A. B., Esq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or "Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy, 


— "Right Reverend Sir," "The Right Reve- 
rend." j 

Officers, Naval and Military. — See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Army and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing R.A., R.E., R.N., &c., when 
eoiTect. When the prefix "Honourable " occurs 
there is not even in practice the same licence as 
under Clergymen, but the arrangement mjist be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt." implies 
" Honoraiy Captain." 

Premier. — According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty',? Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland). — 
" Most Reverend Sir," " The Most Reverend the 
Bishop of C." (or " Bishop A."). 



Peixce or Princess.—' ' Your Eoyal Highness," 
" His [Her] Royal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B.") 
Commence "Sir," or " Madam." 

Principal of a Scottish College.— "Very 
Reverend " (if in ofders). 

Privy Councillor. — " Right Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Commence "Sir," 
I or according to rank. 

; Queen. — " Your Majesty," "The Queen's 
' Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
i or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 
' Recorder.—" Sir," "Your "Wonship," "The 
Worshipful ; " but in London, " Right Worship- 

Secretary op State. — " His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
; prefixing rank, if any. 

Ser.teant-at-Law.— " Mr. Serjeant A." 
Sheriff of Lonoon.— As Recorder of ditto. 
Speaker.— " The Right Honourable the 

Viscount.— " The Right Hon. the Viscount 
[or "the Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a 
Baron. Viscountess, ''The Right Hon. the Vis- 
countess A." Son Qtx daughter, precisely as under 
, Baron. 

I Widow.'?.— See Dowager Ladies. 

Conclusions of Letters.— As these are too 
; lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. — ''1 remain. Sir, with the greatest 
I respect, Your Royal Highness's most dutiful and 
: most obedient servant." 

I Duke or Archbishop.—''! have the honour to 
j be. My Lord Duke [Archbishop], Your Grace's 
' most obedient and humble servant." 

Other Peer. — "I have the honour to be. My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Peer''s Son or Daughter. — If styled "Lord" or 
"Lady," "I have the honour to be, My Lord 
[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If " Honourable," 
' ' I have the honour to be, Sir [Madam] , your 
obedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, or J udge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be. 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but " Very Reverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman.—" I am. Reverend Sir, your obedient 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c.— 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below). Sanitary, and School 
Boards, County Councils, &c., may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies. — " The Worshipful." 

Gen. Assembly of Church of Scotland. — "The 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Ijords. — " The Right Honom-able the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c., as 

Inns of Court.— "The Honoiu'able Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners, — "The Right Honour- 

Presbyteries. — " The Reverend." 
Provincial Synods (Scotland). — "The Very 


Beware of confounding the following groups : 
! Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdour, Ld. 
' Addington, En., and Haddington, E. 
; Alington and AUerton, Bns. 

Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bn. 
: Annaly, Bn., and Annesley, E. 
[ Arbuthnott, V.; and Arbuthnot, Bt. and Kt. 

Arundel and Surrey and Arundell of Wardour. 

Ashbumham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 

Ashton and Ashtown, Bns. 

Barrington, V., Carrington, E., and Harriug- 
j ton, E. 

Beaumont, Bnss., and Bowmont, M. 

Brooke (Warv/iek) and Brooks (Crawshaw), sums. 

Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 

Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh, Ld. 
; Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 
' Balfour of Burleigh. 

Camden, M., and Campden, V. 
, Castlestewart, E. (see note there), and Stuart of 
Castle Stuart, Bn. 

Clandeboye and Claneboye, both titles of M. of 
i DufPerin. 

Clanmaurice, V., and Clanmorris, Bn. 
1 Clifden, V., Clifton Ld. and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 

Cliflford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 
I Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 
; Desart and Dysart, Earls, 
j Dudley, E., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 

Ebrington and Errington, Visets. 

Eliot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Mlnto), biutis. 

Emly, Bn., and Emlyn, V. 

Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), sums. 
Fitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and EitzMaurice (Ork- 
ney), surns. 

Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzRoy (Grafton), 

Forester, Eng. Bn., and Forrester, Scot. 

French (De I'reyne)and Ffrench (Ffrench), surns. 

Galloway, E., and Galway, V. 

Garioch, Ld., and Garnock, V. 

GifPard (Halsbury) and Gifford (GifPord), sums. 

Gifford, Bn., and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., Guilford, E., and Guildford, Bp. 
Glenesk and Glanusk, Bns. 
Gray, Bnss., and Grey, E. and Bt. 
Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 
Harberton, V., and Hatherton, Bn. 
Hepbum-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepburne- 

Scott (Polwarth), sums. 
Herschell,Bn., and Herschel, Bt. 
Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 
Killala and Ejllaloe, Ir. Bprics. 
Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Kinnear, Bns., and 

Kynnaird, V. 
Kingsborough, V., and Kingsbui'gh, Ld. of Sessn, 
Eanloss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 
Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 

Cautions as to Spelling, d'c. 


Lawless (Cloncuny) and Lawley (Wenlk.), surns, 
Lawrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 

(Howth), sums. 
Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 

(Leigh), sums. 
Lifford, v., and Lilford, Bn. 
Lindsay, Scot. E., and Lindsey, Eng. ; Lindlev, 


Lisle and De L'Isle, Bns. 

Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham), 

Manners and Manners of Haddon, Bns., and 

Manvers, E. 
Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 
Marsham, V. and surn., and Masham, Bn. 
Massey (Clarina) and Massy (Massy), sums. 
: Meldrum, Bn., and Melgund, V. 
I Melville, V., and Leven & Melville, E. 
I Middleton, Bn., and Midleton, V. 
Milles (Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), surns. 
Milltown, E., and Milton, V. 
Moncreiif ,Bn., Moncreiffe, Bt., and Moncrieff, Kt. 
Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. of SUgo). 
Montgomerie, Ld. (and sum. of Eglinton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Morton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmorres, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 
Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Braybrooke)j 

Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. 
Oakeley, Bt. and Kt., and Oakley, Sir Hy. 
Orford, Earl ; Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay and De Ramsey, Bns. 
Roden, Earl, Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
RoUe, Rollo, and Rolls, all surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bn., Ross, V., Rosse, E. 
Sackville and Savile, Bns. 

St. John of Bietso, Bn., and Bolingbroke & St. 

John, V. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. 
Stanley, Ld., son of E. of Derby, and Stanley of 

Alderley, Bn. 
Sudley, V., and Sudeley, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran). 
Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and Wynn 

(Newburgh), surns. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles : 

























The following crossings of surnames ivith titles are worth noticing : 
Addington (Vise. Sidmouth) ; Addington, Bn. {Huhhard). 
Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. {Bruce). 
Brownlow (Bn. Lurgan) ; Brownlow, Earl [Oust). 

Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; Chichester, E. of (Pelkam). 

Clifton (Bn. Grey de Ruthyn) ; Clifton, Bnss. (Bligh). 

Clinton (D. of Newcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. {Hephxirn-S.-F.-Trefusis). 

Grey (Earls Grrey and of Stamford) ; Grey de Ruthyn, Bn. {Clifton). 

Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun) ; Hastings, Bn. {Astley). 

Howard (several Peers) ; Howard de Walden, Bn. {Ellis). 

Lindsay (E. of Crawford) ; Lindsay, E. of {Bethune). 

Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst) ; Mansfield, E. of {Murray). 

Marjorihanks (Bn. Tweedmouth) ; Marjoribanks, Bny. {Rohertson). 

Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville) ; Melville, Vise. {Dmidas). 

Norton (Bn. Grantley) ; Norton, Bn. {Adderley). 

Sackville (E. De La Warr) ; Sackville, Bn. {Sackville-West). 

Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. {Savile-Ijumley). 

Sinclair (E. of Caithness) ; Sinclair, Bn. {St. Clair) 

Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan) ; Somerset, D. of {St. Ilaur). 

Spencer-Churchill (D. of Marlborough) ; Churchill, Vise, and Spencer, Earl {Spencer) 

Willoughhy (Bn. Middleton) ; WUloughby de Broke, Bn. {Vcrney). 

~ "I 



His Most Excellent Majesty Albert Edward, bearing the title "EDWARD 
THE SEVENTH, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of 
I the Eaith, Emperor of India ; " Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and 
j Gotha ; Sovereign of the British Orders of Knighthood ; a Field-Marshal in the Army 
j and Honorary Admiral of the Yleet ; Col. in Chief of the Household Cavalry (Life and 
} Horse Guards), and of the Grenadier, Coldsti-eam, Scots, and Irish Guards, the. 
i Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, the lotli Hussars, the Gordon Highlanders, and 
i numerous other Home and Indian Corps, Captain-General of the Hon. Artillery 
' Company, &c., &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., Mus.D., has been an Elder Brother of Trinity 
i House, a Bencher of the Middle Temple, a Tru stee of the British Museum, &c. : eldest 
! son and eldest surviving child of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria and of His late. 
Royal Highness Albert, Prince Consort ; horyi at Buckingham Palace Nov. 9, 1841 ; 
: saccceclcd to the Throne (in his 60th year) Jan. 22, 1901 ; croivned at Westminster Abbey 
Aug. 9, 1902; married (at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 1863) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Luise Julia of Denmark, now Her 
Majesty Queen Alexandra, Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and 
i Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of tlie Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 
\ Mus. D, (eldest daughter of H.M. King Christian IX. and sister of H.I.M. the 
I Dowager Empress of Russia) ; horn Dec. i, 1844. 

I _ 7?i"6zVi(?ncfs.— Windsor Castle and Frogmore House (private property) , Windsor ; St. James's and 
' Buckingham Palaces, London; Sandringham Hall (private), Norfolk; Balmoral (private), and Aber- 
\ geldie Castle, BallaterR.S.O., Aberdeenshire ; Holyrood House, Edinburgh; also (though not occupied 
I personally) Kensington, Kew, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; and the Palaces of Falkland 
I and Lochmaben and Castles of Rothesay, Dunstatfnage, Dunoon, and Carrick, all in Scotland ; and 
I The Castle, Dublin. (Osborne House, I. of Wight, has been presented by His Majesty to the nation.) 

! 1 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence 
AND AvoNDALE and Earl of Athlone {U.K. 1890), K.Q-., K.P. : horn at Frogmore House, 
Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864; died at Sandringham, Jan. 14, 1892. 
i 2 II. H.R.H. Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Prince of WALES, heir apparent to 
j the Crown (created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; Duke of Cornwall, 

in Peerage of England, 1337 ; Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Klllarney, 
U.K. 1892; Duke of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, 
and Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage of Scotland, 1469) ; Duke of 
Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.M.G., 
G.C.V.O.,I.S.O., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S. ; Vice-Adm. in the Navy, Personal Nav. A.D.C. 
to the King, Gen. in the Army (Supernumerary), Col. -in-Chief of Royal Marine Forces, 
of the Royal Fusiliers, of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, the King's Roy. Rifle 
Corps, the Duke of York's Own (Indian) , and the 18 Regts. of Australian Lt. Horse ; Hon. 
Col. of the King's Colonials, of the 1st Bengal Lancers, and of various Militia, Yeomanry, 
and Volunteer troops; Chanc. of the L'nivs. of Wales and the Cape, Grand Prior of Order 
of St. John of Jerusalem, Master of Trinity House, High Steward of Plymouth and 
Reading, Pres. of the Roy. Acad, of Music, the Roy. Coll. of Music, and the Soc. of Arts, 
and a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn : horn at Marlborough House, June 3, 1865 ; married (at 
St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893) his second cousin once removed,* Princess Victoria 
Mary ("May"") of Teck, V.A., C.I., Mus.D. {nea H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta 
Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes : born May 26, 1867 — see 107) . Besidences — Marl- 
borough House, PaU Mall ; York House, St. James's ; York Cottage and Dersingham 
Hill House, Sandringham; Frogmore House, Windsor; and Craigowan, Ballater 
R.S.O., Aberdeensh. Issue: 
1. H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of 
Wales, Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : horn at 
White Lodge, Sheen, June 23, 1894. 

4 2. H.R.H. Pi'ince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Wales: horii at York 

Cottage, Sandringham, Dec. 14, 1895. 

5 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary of Wales: lorn at York 

Cottage, April 25. 1897. 

6 4. H.R.H. Prince Henry WiUiam Frederick Albert of Wales : horn at York 
! Cottage, March 31, igoo. 

7 5. H.R.H. Pi'ince George Edward Alexander Edmund of Y/ales : horn at York 
! Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. 

* The Prince and Princess have this relatiojoshlp through King Edward and (^ueen Alexandra also— the former 
as traceable in No. 107, and the latter through the late Queen of Denmark having been a niece of the ist Duke 
of Cambridge's wife, Augusta of Hesse. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 


8 III. H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar), holding 

reversion of the title Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born Feb. 20, 1867; married (July 27, 1889) to 
Alexander William George, ist Duke of Fife, K.T., P.C. [born Nov. 10, 1849— see 
" Fife" in Directory : he married as an Earl, but was created Duke at the wedding 
breakfast). Issue: 

9 1. Lady Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise Duff : born May 17, 1891. 
10 2. Lady Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha Duff : born April 3, 1893. 

n IV. H.R.H. Piincess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., 
a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born 3m\y 6, 1868. 

12 V. H.E.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark (Princess Maud Charlotte Maiy Victoria 

of the UnitedKingdom), V.A., aLadyof Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born Nov. 25, 
1869 ; married (July 22. 1896) to H.R.H. Piince Charles of Denmark (Christian 
Fiiederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. [both Hon.], Hon. Lieut, in 
Brit. Navy, 2nd son of the Crown Prince; born Aug. 3, 1872). Eesidence — Appleton 
House, Sandringham. 

\2% 1. H.R.H.PrinceAlexanderEdwardChristianFrederick of Denmark: 5o™ July 2, 1903. 

13 VI. The deceased Prince Alexander John Charles Albert of Wales : born and died April 

6 & 7, 1871. 


14 I. H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany (in full. Empress and Queen 

Frederic of Germany and Prussia) ; nee H.R.H. Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa) , 
Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe- 
Coburg and Gotha, V.A., C.I. : born at Windsor Castle, Nov. 21, 1840; cilierf at Fried- 
lichshof Aug. 5, 1901 ; having been married (at St. James's Palace, Jan. 25, 1858) to 
the late Friedrich Wilhelm Nicolaus Carl, Crown Prince of Prussia, and afterwards 
H.I.M. Frederic III., German Emperor and King of Px'ussia, K.G. (only son of 
H.I.M. the late Emperor William I. : born Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9, 1888, to June 
15 of the same Year, when he died). Issue : 

15 1. H.I.M. William II. (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert), German Ejiperor and 

King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, &c., &c., K.G., G.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 27, 1859 ; succeeded to the two Thrones on the death of his father as above ; 
married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-HoLSTEix-Son- 
derburg-AuGUSTENBURG, V.A. {nde H.S.H. Princess Auguste Victoria Friederike 
Luise Feodora Jenny : born Oct. 22, 1858 — see 274). Residences — The Marble 
Palace, Potsdam, near Berlin, &c. Issue: 

16 (1) H.I. & R.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst), K.G. : JornMayG, 1882. 

17 (2) H.R.H. Prince Eitel-Frederick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Friedrich 

Christian Carl) : boi-n July 7, 1883 ; betrothed 1904 to the Duchess Cecilia 
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. 

18 (3) H.R.H. Prince Adalbert of Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) : 

horn July 14, 1884. 

ig (4) H.R.H. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (August Wilhelm Heinrich 

Giinther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887. 

20 (5) H.R.H. Prince Oscar of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav Adolf) : born July 27, 


21 (6) H.R.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Franz Humbert) : born Dec. 

17, i8go. 

22 (7) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Louisa of Prussia (Victoria Luise Adelheid 

Mathilde Charlotte) : born Sept. 13, 1892. 

23 2. H.R.H. Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Victoria 

Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia), V.A. : born July 24, i860; married 
(1878) to H.H. Bernhard Friedrich Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Hereditary Prince 
of Saxe-Meiningen, G.C.B. (son of Duke George II. by his first marriage [see 
289], and 6o?-w April 1, 1851). Residence — Breslau. Issue: 
■' 24 (1) H.S.H.Feodora, Princess Heinrich of Reuss {nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Victoria Auguste Marianne Maria of Saxe-Meiningen) : born May 12, 
1879 ; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XXX. of Reuss, 
G. C. V. O . Res iden ce— Frankf ort-on-Oder. 

25 3. H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert Wilhelm Heinrich), K.G., G.C.B. , Hon. 

Vice- Admiral in the British Fleet : born Aug. 14, 1862 ; married (i888) his first 
cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Irene Luise Marie Anna of Hesse, 
V.A. (born July 11, 1866— see 51). Residence—Royal Palace, Kiel. Issue: 

26 (1) H.R.H. Prince Waldemar Wilhelm Ludwig of Prussia: March 20. i88g. 

27 (2) H.R.H. Piince Sigismund (Wilhelm Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : born 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

28 (3) H.R.H. the deceased Prince Heinrich Victor Ludwig Friedrich of Prussia : 

60m Jan, 10, 1900; died Feb. 26, 1904. 

29 4. H.R.H. the deceased Prince Sigismund of Prussia : lo7'n 1864; died 1866. 

30 5. H.R. & S.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe (Princess Friederike 

Amalie Wilhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V.A. : born April 12, i866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Prince Adolf Wilhelm Victor of Schaumbubg-Lippe, G.C.B. 
(6<?rw July 20, 1859). 

j 31 6. H.R.H. the ?ace Px^ce Joachim Friedrich of Prussia: borniSGS: died iSjg. 

8o The Royal Family. 

32 7. H.K.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta (Princess Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice of 

Prussia), V.A., R.E.C. : lorn June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering Greek 
Church 1891) to H.E.H. Constantine (Konstantinos), Duke of Sparta, Prince 
Eoyal of Greece, G.C.B. {horn 2, 1868, n.s.)- i?;e«ce— Dekeleia Castle, 
near Athens. Issue : 

33 (1) H.E.H. Prince George of Sparta (Georgios), G.C.B. : horn July 19, 1890. 

34 (2) H.E.H. Prince Alexander of Sparta (Alexander) : horn Aug. 1, 1893. 

35 (3) H.E.H. Princess Helena of Sparta (Helene) : horn May 2, 1896. 

36 (4) H.E.H. Prince Paul of Sparta (Paulos) : horn Dec. 14, 1901. 
36« (5) H.E.H. Princess Eirene of Sparta : horn Feb. 13. 1904. 

37 8. H.E.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margaretb Beatrice 

Peodora of Prussia), V.A. : horn April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince 
Priedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hksse, G.C.B. (son of H.E.H. the late 
Priedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and horji May 1, i858). Residence — Prankfort- 
on-Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue: 

38 (1) H.H. Prince I'eiedrich Wilhelm Sigismund Victor of Hesse : horn Nov. 

23, 1893. 

39 (2) H.H. Prince Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Eduard of Hesse : 

horn Oct. 20, 1894. 

40-1 (3 & 4) T.H. Princes Philip? and "Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse : twins, horn 

Nov. 6, 1896. 

42-3 (5 & 6) T.H. Princes Eichard Wilhelm Leopold and Ciiristoph Ernst August 

of Hesse : twins, horn May 14, 1901. 

44 II. H.E. & G.D.H. the late Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of 

the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A. : horn at Buckingham Palace, April 25, 1843 ; married (at Osborne, 1862) to the 
late Prince Louis, afterwards H.E. & S.H. Louis IV. (Ludwig Friedrich Wnhelm), 
Eeigning Grand Duke of Hesse and of the Ehine, K.G. {horn Sept. 12, 1837; granted 
title of "Eoyal Highness" by English warrant, 1862 ; died March 13, 1892) ; died Dec. 
14, 1878 (the 17th anniversary of the death of her father) . Issue : 

45 1. H. G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde 

Alberta Marie of Hesse), V.A. : horn April 5, 1863; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Louis (Ludwig Alexander), Prince of Battenberg, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., 
Eear-Adm. E.N., Personal Naval A.D.C. to H.M., Assist. Director of Nav. In- 
tell., and an Elder Brother of Trinity House {horn May 24, 1854). Issue: 

46 (1) H.E.H. Princess Andrew of Greece {nee Princess Victoria Alice Elisabeth 

Julie Marie of Battenberg) : horn Feb. 25, 1885 ; married (1903) to 
H.E.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. {horn Jan. 20, 
1882). Residence — Athens. 

47 (2) Princess Louisa of Battenberg CLuise Alexandi'a Marie Irene) : horn July 

13, 1889. 

48 (3) Prince George of Battenberg (Ludwig Victor Georg Heinrich Sergius) : 

horn Nov. 6, 1892. 

49 (4) Prince Louis of Battenberg (Albert Victor Nikolas Franz Ludwig) : 

horn June 25, 1900. 

50 2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Sergius of Eussia {nee 

H. G.D.H. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : horn 
Nov. 1,1864; married {Tl^^, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the Grand 
Duke Sergius Alexandrovitch of Eussia, G.C.B., Major-General in the Eussian 
Army {born May 11, 1857, uncle of the Tsar). Residence -Moscow. 

51 3. H.E.H. Princess Henry of Prussia {nee H. G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 

Anna of Hesse), V.A. : horn July 11, i865; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.E.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, K.G. {horn Aug. 14, 1862— see 25). 
53 4. H.E.H. Ernest Louis (Ernst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm) , Eeigning Grand Duke 

of Hesse and of the Ehine (" bei Ehein"), K.G., G.C.B., Major-General in the 
German Army : bo7'n Nov. 25, 1868 ; succeeded his father 1892 ; married (1894) his 
first cousin H.E.H. Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A., C.I., see 65, but the marriage was dissolved Dec. 1901. Residence — New 
Palace, Darmstadt. Issue: 

53 (1) The deceased Princess Elizabeth of Hesse (Elisabeth Marie Alice 

Victoria) : horn March 11, 1895; died Nov. 16, 1903. 

54 (2) A deceased Prince unnamed, horn and died 1900. 

55 5. H. G.D.H. the deceased Prince Frederick William of Hesse : horn 1870 ; acciden- 

tally Mlled 1873. 

56 6. H.I.M. AlexandraFedorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa* of Eussia, V.A. (w^eH. G.D.H. 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse) : horn June 6, 1872 ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.I.M. Nicholas IL Alexandrovitch, Emperor and Autecrat of All the Eussias, 

* The common form " Czarina " has no Avarrant in Russian. As to the or ts, the latter precisely represents the 
original, and now that it is coming so largely into use it is certainly far preferable : the form " czar "is used by the 
French, perhaps borrowed by them from the Hungarian, in which tgngue alone cz has the sound of ts. It may 
here be added in reference to " Fedorovna" that the termination -vna implies " daughter of "just as -vitch implies 
" son of," the " Fedor " (not " Feodor,' which is the German form) here being the regular Russian equivalent to 
"Friedrich," that name of the father having been preferred to the^receding "Ludwig," the corresponding form 
to which would have been "Ludovic." As to the use of y or w in transliterating from Russian characters, the v is 
correct for English use and w only for German. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 8i 

Tsar of Moscow, Kiev, &e., K.G. {lorn May 18, 1868, n.s. ; succeeded his father j 
Nov. 1, 1894). Residences— Wintev Palace, St, Petersburg, and Alexander i 
Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, near thereto. Issue : i 
i 57 (1) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga Nicolaievna of Russia : lorn Nov. 15, 1895. j 

58 (2) H.I. H.theGrandDuchessTATiANANicolaievnaof Russia: &omJuneio,i897. I 

59 (3) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nicolaievna of Russia : feorn June 26, 1899. 

60 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna of Russia : loi'n June 

17, 1901. <■ ' 

60a (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitch of Russia, Tsarevitch or 

Heir Apparent to the Throne: lorn Aijig. 12, 1904. 
5l 7. H.G.D.H. the deceased Princess Marie Victoria of Hesse : lorn 1874 ; died 1878. 

62 III. H.R.H. the late Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Cobukg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edixburgh, Earl 01 Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony, K.G., K.T., K.P., &c. ; Admiral of the Fleet: lorn at Windsor Castle, 
Aug. 6, 1844 ; succeeded his uncle H.H. Ernest II. Aug. 22, 1893 (the Prmce of Wales, 
now King Edward, having in 1863 renounced his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 
1900, having married (at St. Petersburg, Jan. 23, 1874) H.I.H. (now H.I. & R.H.) the 
Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, V.A., C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. 
the late Alexander II., and sister of Alexander III., Emperors of Russia, and lorn 
Oct. 17, 1853) . Mesidence—Qobuxg. Issue : \ 

63 1. H.R.H. the Za<e Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of i 

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : lorn Oct. 15, 1874 ; died Eeb. 6, 1899. 

64 2. H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania (Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of 

Saxe-Coburg &c.), V.A., C.I. : lorn Oct. 29, 1875; married (1893) to H.R.H. 
Ferdinand Victor Albert Mernrad, Prince of Roumania, G.C.B. [lorn Aug, 24, 
1865 — see 174-7, where their four children are given). 

65 3. H.R.H. Victoria Melita, Princess of Saxe-Coburg, &c., V.A., C.I. : lorn in Malta, 

Nov. 25, 1876; married (1894) to her first cousin H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand 
Duke of Hesse, K.G. (see 52), maniage dissolved Dec. 1901. 
65 4. H.R.H. Alexandra, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Princess 

Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c.): lorn Sept. 1, 1878; 
married (1896) to H.S.H. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 
and Regent of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha {lorn Sept. 13, 1863— see 257-61, where 
their four children are given) . 

67 5. H.R.H. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c. : lorn 

April 20, 1884. 

68 IV. H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 

burg* (Princess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony 
and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, V.A., C.I., R.R.C.: lorn at Buckingham Palace, 
May 25, 1846 ; married (at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, i865) to H.R.H. Prince 
Christian (Friedrich Christian Carl August) of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg- 
Aiigustenburg, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O., a General in the British Army, High Steward 
of Windsor, and a Personal A.D.C. to H.M. {lorn Jan. 22, 1831 ; created " Royal 
Highness " by English warrant i856, his sons and daughters being " Highness"). Resi- \ 
c?e«ces— Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park ; Schomberg House, Pall Mall, S.W. Issue:' 

69 1. H.H. the late Prince Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernest Antony of Schleswig- 

HoLSTEiN, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Africa) : lorn April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, igoo. 

70 2. H.H. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 

STEiN, G.C.B. (Civ.), G.C.V.O. : lorn Feb. 26, 1869. Residence— Votsdi&ra.. 

71 3. H.H. Princess Victoria Louise Sophie Auguste Amelie Helena of Schleswig-Hol- 

STEiN, V.A., C.I.,R.R.C., Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the League) : lorn 
Mays, 1870. i?ec;7cZg«cc— 21 Oueensberry Place, S.W. 

72 4. H.H. Princess Francisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christine Helene of 

Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I. : lorii Aug. 12, 1872; was 1891-igoo "Princess 
Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved by joint request to suit a 
new family law of that Ducal house. Residence — 21 Oueensberry Place, S.W. 

73 5. The deceased Prince Frederick Christian Harold of Schleswig-Holstein : 6orw and 

died May 12 & 20, 1876. 

74 V. H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (Louise Caroline Alberia), a Princess of 

the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, | 
V.A., C.I. : lorn at Buckingham Palace, March 18, 1848; married (at St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Mar- 
quess of Lorne, now gth Duke of Argyll, K.T., P.C., and lorn Aug. 6, 1845 — see 
" Argyll " in Directory) . ^esic^ewces— Kensington Palace, W. ; Roseneath House, Dum- 

75 VI. H.R.H. Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connacght and of Stratheam, and 

Earl of Sussex {U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Pi'iuce of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.M.B., G.C.S.I., 
G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O., LL.D.; a Field-Marshal in the British Army, In- 

*_In the ' Almanach de Gotha' " Holstein" is the leading word and the entire house is arranged under the 
livisions " Holstein-Sonderburg " and " Holst«in-Gottorpi" the former oeing subdivided into the branches 
' Schles.-Holist.-Sond.-Augustenburg " and " Schles.-Holst.-Sond.-Gliicksburg : " all under the head5Eg " Holstein." 

1 . , , .. - 



The Royal Family, 

spector-Gen. of the Forces and President of the Selection Board, a personal A.D.C. to 
H.M., Col. -in-Chief of the Eifle Brigade, the InnisMUing- Dragoons, the Highland Lt. 
Infantry, the Koy, Dublin Fiisiliers, and Col. of the Grenadier Guards and of the Army 
Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. and of numerous Militia and 
Volimteer troops, President of the Counc. of the Eoy. Patriotic Fund; served in Canada 
in the Fenian Eaid of 1870 and in Egypt 1883 ; was Com.-in-Chief in Bombay 1886-90, 
afterwards of S. District and at Aldershot, late Commander of the Troops in Ireland; 
Eanger of Epping Forest, Great Prior of Ireland, a Knight of Justice of St. John of 
Jerusalem, Giand Master of the Freemasons of England, a Bencher of Gray's Inn, 
&c. : horn at Buckingham Palace, May 1, 1850; married (at "Windsor, March 13 
1879) H.E.H. Princess Louisa Margaret (Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria 
Agnes) of Prussia, V. A. , C.I.,E.E.C., Mus. D. , a Lady of Justice of St, John of Jerusalem 
(third daughter of H.E.H. the late Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, G.C.B., and 
horn July 25, i860). i?(iisicie«ces—Bagshot Park, Surrey ; Clarence House, St. James's, 
S.W. Issue : 

76 1. H.E.H. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught, 

V.A. : horn Jan. 15, 1882. 

77 2. H.E.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught, K.G., G.C.V.O., 

Lieut. 7th Hussars, served in S. Africa 1901-2 : horn Jan. 13, 1883. (Eventually 
heir to the throne of Saxe-Coburg, which his father had resigned— see 81). 

78 3. H.E.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaugkt : horn 

March 17, 1886. 

79 VII. H.E.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albei-t, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Arklow ( TJ.K. 1881), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., &c., P.C. : horn at Buckingham Palace, 
April 7 1853 : died at Cannes, March 28, 1884, having married (at Windsor, April 27, 
1882) Princess Helena of "VValueck and Pyrmont, V.A., C.I., E.E.C., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (?;«'« H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike Auguste, fourth 
daughter of H.S.H- the late Eeigning Prince George Victor, and aunt of H.M. 
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands : horn Feb. 17, 1861 ; residence — Villa Nevada, 
Cannes, and with her son, as below). Issue : 

80 1. H.E.H. Princess Alice of Teck (Alice Marie Victoria Auguste Pauline of 

Albany), V.A., Order of Mercy (a Lady Presid. of the League) : horn Feb. 25, 
1883 ; married (1904) to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (see 173). 

81 2. H.E.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Eeigning Duke of Saxe- 

CoBURG AND GoTHA, and 2nd Duke of Albany, &c. (see under 1st Duke), Duke 
of Jiilich, Cleve, and Berg, of Engem and Westphalia, Landgrave of Thuringia, 
Margrave of Meissen, &c., K.G., G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Col.-in-Chief 95th Prussian 
Infantry (having Prince Arthur of Connaught as eventual Heir in case of no 
male line of his own) : horn (posthumous) at Claremont, July 19, 1884, and 
succeeded at his birth to the Albany title, in 1900 to that of Saxe-Cobui'g. ' 
Besidences—Th.Q Palaces atCoburg, Ehrenberg, Callenberg, and Eosenauin Saxe- ■ 
Coburg, and those at Eeinhardsbrim, Oberhof, and Friedenstein in Gotha; 
Schloss Santer, Pomerania ; Greinburg and Hinterriss, Austria; Claremont, 
Esher, Surrey. 

82 VIII. H.E.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Fedora of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, V.A., C.I., E.E.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, now Governor of 
the Isle of Wight : horn at Buckingham Palace, April 14, 1857 ; married (at Whippingham 
Church, I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.E.H. the late Prince Henry Maurice (Heinrich Moritz) 
of Battenberg, K.G., P.C., Governor of the Isle of Wight, a Colonel in the Ai-my {born 
Oct. 5, 1858 ; naturalised and created " Eoyal Highness " 1885 ; died during the Ashanti 
Expedition, Jan. 20, 1896). iJesz^^ence— Osborne Cottage, I.W., and Kensington Palace. 
Issue : 

83 1. H.H. Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg : horn Nov. 23, 1886. 

84 2. H.H. Princess Victoria Eugjjnie Juha Ena of Battenberg : born Oct. 24, 1887. 

85 3. H.H. Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg : horn May 21, 1889. 

86 4, H.H. Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg : horn Oct. 3, 1891. 

A. On side of Duke of Kent; 1st Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through H.M. Ernest, ist Duke of Cumberland, King of Hanover, 4th brother of the Duke of Kent. 

87 I. H.M. the late George" Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus, 2nd Duke of 

CuMBEBLAND and Teviotdale, and King George V. of Hanover, a Prince of the United 
Kingdom and Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, K.G., G.O.H. : horn May 27, 1819; died '. 
June 12, 1878, having 'married (1843) H.H. (now H.M. the Gueen of Hanover by title) 
Princess Alexandrina Marie Wilhelmine Georgine of Saxe-Altenbueg, V.A. (eldest 
daughter of H.S.H. the late E«igning Duke Joseph, and horn AprU 14, i8i8 ; residence— 
Gmunden, Upper Austria). H. M. succeeded his father in 1851, and reigned over 
Hanover tiU i866, when the Kingdom was incorporated with Prussia, Issue : 

88 1, H.E.H. Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale (Gt. Brit. 1799) and Earl of Armagh (ZreL 1799), a 
Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Brunswick-Liiijebiu'g;, K.G., G.C.H., 
General Supernumerary in the British Army and Colonel in that of Austria : 

Cousins of His Majesty. 83 

horn a,t Hanover, Sept. 21, 1845; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.R.H. Princess Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. King Chiistian IX., and sister of H.M. Queen 
Alexandra ; lorn Sept. 29, 1853) . Residences — Gmunden, Upper Austria, and 
Penzing, near Vienna. Issue : 

89 (i) H.R.H. Princess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victoria 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): borji Oct. 11,1879; marHed 
(1900) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian' Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of present Grand Duke, and born July 10, 1867). 
Residence — Karlsruhe. Issue : 
.89a (i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden : horn 

Aug. 1, 1902. 

90 (2) H.R.H. Prince George "William, Earl of Armagh (Georg Wilhelm 

Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.) : horn Oct. 28, 1880. 

91 (3) H.R.H, Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Sciivverin (Princess 

Alexandra Luise Marie Olga of Cumberland &c.) : horn Sept. 29, 1882 ; 
married (1904) to H.R.H. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Schwerin (Friedrich Franz Michel, horn April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). 

92 (4) H.R.H. Piincess Olga Adeiheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumbeb- 

land &c. : horn July 11, 1S84. 
53 (5) H.R.H. the I'.te Prince Christian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Peter Walde- 

mar of Cumberland &c. : horn July 4, 1885 ; died Sept. 3, 1901. 

94 (6) H.R.H. Pi-ince Ernest Augustus of Cumberland &c. (Ernst August 

Christian Georg) : horn Nov. 17, 1887. 

95 2. H.R.H. Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Hemdetta Amelia Theresa of Hanover), a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Brunswick-Lunebvu'g, C.I., R.R.C. : horn at Hanover, Jan. 
9, 1848 ; married (1880) to Alphonse, Baron von Pav.'el-Rammingen (Luitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Alphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H., V.D. {horn July 27, 
1843; naturalised 1880). Residence — Villa Bonair, Biarritz, France. Issue: 

95 (1) The deceased Victoria Georgina : horn and died March 1881. 

97 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Mary of Hanover &c. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra), 

C.I. : horn at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 ; died June 4, 1904. 

Through H.R.H. Adolphus, \st Duke of Cambridge, 6th brother of the Duhe of Kent. 

g8 I. H.R.H. the late George William Frederick Charles, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, Earl of 
Tipperary, and Baron of Culloden ( U.K. 1801). a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke 
of Brunswick-Luneburg, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.M.M.G., G.C.I.E., 
G.C.V.O., G.C.H., a Field-Marshal and late Commander-in-Chief of the British Aimy 
(1856-95), comd. 1st Div. of Army in tlie Crimean War : horn at Hanover, March 26, 
1819; succeeded his father 1850; died March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) 
the late Miss Louisa Fairbrother {horn 1815, died, 1890), whose children bear the name 
of FitzGeorge {see Directory) . 

99 II. H.R.H. Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklknburg-Steelitz (Princess Augusta 

Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Bruns- 
wick-Luneburg, C.I. : horn at Hanover, July 19, 1822 ; married (1843) to H.R.H. the 
?afe Frederick William (Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Georg Ernst Adolf Gustav), Grand 
Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. {born Oct. 17, 1819; died May 30, 1904). 
Residences— Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 

100 1. A deceased Prince unnamed, horn and died Jan. 13, 1845. 

101 2. H.R.H. Adolphus Frederick (Georg Adolf Friedrich Wellington) , Reigning Grand 

Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, G.C.B. , Lieutenant-General in the Prussian 
Army: horn July 22, 1848; succeeded his father 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now 
H.R.H.) Piincess Elisabeth Marie Friederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest 
•" ■ daughter of H.S.H. the Reigning Duke Leopold Frederick, and horn Sept. 7, 1857) . 

Resic^e/ices— Neustrelitz, Mecklenbiu-g-Strelitz, and 12 James Street, Buckingham 
Gate, S.W. Issue: 

102 (1) H.H. Duchess Marie, Countess Jametel {nee Victoria Marie Auguste 

Leopoldine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) : born May 8, 1878 ; married 
(1899) to Maurice George, Count Jametel. 
102a (i) Son born Feb. 3, 1904. 

103 (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro {nee Duchess Auguste Charlotte 

JuTTA of Me.cklenbueg-Strelit2 ; but now takes name Militza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : horn Jan. 24, i88o ; 
married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander of Montenegro, 
K.C.V.O. {horn June 29, 1871). Residence— Cettiule., Montenegro. 
'I04 (3) H.R.H. Adolf Frederick, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born J une 17, 1882. 
105 (4) H.H. Duke Charles Bobwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Carl Borwin 

Christian Alexander Arthur) : born Oct. 10, 1888. 
06 nr. H.R.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina 
Elizabeth of Cambridge) : born at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1^3 ; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
been mameiZ (1866) to H.H. the Zfflie Francis, Prince andDuke of Teck, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. 

84 The Royal Family [Relatives). 

(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, born Aug. 27, 1837; created "Highness" by 
English warrant 1887; died Jdi^x. 21, 1900). Issue: 
lorj 1. H.E.H, Victoria Mary, Princess of Wales (nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary 

Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"), 
V.A., C.I., and a Lady of Justice St. John of Jerusalem: horn May 26, 1867; 
married (July 6, 1893) to H.R.H. George, now Prince of Wales &c., K.Gr. {born 
June 3, 1865— see 2). 

108 2. H.S.H. Adolphus, Duke of Teck (Adolphus Charles Alexander Ladislaus), 

G.C.V.O., a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Maj. 1st Life Guards, 
served in South African War 1899-1900: borii Aug. 13, 1868; married (1894) 
Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (now H.S.H. the Duchess of Teck, 
daughter of 1st Duke of Westminster, K.G., and born April 9, 1873) . Residences — 
Henry III. Tower, Windsor Castle; 4 Devonshire Place, Portland Place, W. 
Issue : 

109 (1) Piince George Francis Hugh of Teck : born Oct. 11, 1895, 

110 (2) Princess Victoria Constance Mary of Teck : born tTione 12, 1897. 

111 (3) Princess Helena Frances Auguste of Teck : torn Oct. 23, 1899. 

113 3. H.S.H. Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

late jMajor 1st Dragoons, a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, served in 
Soudan 1897-8 : born Jan. 9, 1870. Besidence—'j Park Place, St. James's, S.W. 
113 4. H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick George of Teck, G.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Capt. Royal Horse Guards, was A.D.C. to 
Col. Mahon in S. Africa, where he served 1900-2 : born April 14, 1874 ; married 
(1904) H.E.H. Princess Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 80). Besidence — Hounslow. 

B. On side of Duchess of Kent ; 1st Cousins once removed, "vvith Descendants. 

Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

I. The late Alfons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly: born 1810: died 1894, 
having married (1st, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein (died 1856), 
and (2ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg {died 1876). Issue: 

1. Victoria, Countess Oberndorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff- Pouilly) : 
born (of 1st wife) Jime 28, 1844 ; married (1865) to the late Charles, Count 
Oberndorff, long deceased (the Ct. A. Obemdorif now at the German Embassy is 
a cousin) . 

(1,2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

2. Sophia, Countess Friedrich Kinsky (Sophie Marie Emanuele Julie vouMensdorff- 
Pouilly) : born (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 
Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau {born 1834, died 1899). Issue: 

(1) Theresa, Coimtess Siegfried von Clary-Aldringen (Countess Therese 
Marie Kinsky) : born Dec. 10, 1867 ; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
Franz Johann Carl von Clary-Aldringen {bo7-n Oct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

(i) Countess Elisabeth Alexandrina von Clary-Aldringen : horn 
Dec. 14, 1885. 

(ii) Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen: born March 12, 1887. 
(iii) Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldringen : born Sept. 2, 1891. 

(2) Wilhelmina, Countess Henckel (Countess Wilhelmine Marie Kinsky) : 
born Aug. 12, 1869; married (1895) to Edwin, Count Henckel and Baron 
von Donnersmarck. 

(3) The Hereditary Princess of LowENSTEiN-Wertheim-Eochefort {nee 
Countess Maria Josephine Wilhelmine Philippa Kinsky) : born Aug. 23, 
1874; married ('1898) to Aloyse Joseph Camill Maria, Hered. Prince, &c. 

(4) Coimt Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Joseph 
Alfons Johann Kinsky) : born May 11, 1879. 

3. Alphonse, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons Wladimir Franz Emanuel 
Eochus) : born (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1864. 

II. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 
DiETRiCHSTEiii-NicOLSBUEG, K.C.B. : bom 1813; died 1871, having married (1857) 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. (eldest daughter of Joseph, Prince 
of the same and Count of Proskau-Leslie ; born Feb. 29, 1824 ; now Princess Dowager). 

Issue : 

1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 
(Hugo Alfons Wenceslaus) : born Dec. 19, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 
(1892) Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgorouki (daughter of Prince Alexander 
Dolgorouki, and born Nov. 27, 1873). Issue: 

(1) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : horn March 24, 1894. 

(2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born Dec. 4, 1897. 

(3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : horn July 15, 1899. 

(4) Countess Marie Epiphania Clothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. ; h. Jan. 6, 1901. 

2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdokff-Pouilly-Dietkioh- 
stein, G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Austro -Hungarian Ambassador : born Sept. 5, i86i. 
Besidences — 18 Belgrave Square, S.W., and 121 Mount St., W. 

3. Countess Apponyi {nSe Countess Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha von Mensdoeff- 

Cousins of His Majesty. 85 

Pouilly^Dieteichstein) : Jorre Dec. 23, 1867; jwarrietZ (1897) to Albert, Count 

.135 III. Count Arthur August von Mensdorff-Pouilly, G.C.V.O. (Hon.) : horn Aug. 19, 1817. 

Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinetta, Duchess Alexander of Wurtemlerg, aunt 0/ Queen Victoria. 
1136 I. H.R.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of "WCrtemberg : born 1804 ; died 
1881, having married (1837) H.R.H. the late Princess IV^arie Christine d' Orleans (second 
I daughter of King Louis Philippe, and born 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

137 1, H.R.H. Duke Philipp Alexander Maria Ernst of Wurtemberg : born July 30, 

1838 ; married (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria 
(daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrccht, Duke of Teschen, and 
born July 15, 1845). Issue: 

138 (1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 
WuRTEMBERG : bom Dec. 23, 1865; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. the 
Archduchess Margareta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
daughter of the Ai-chduke Charles Louis, and iorw May 13, 1870; died 
Aug. 24, 1902). Issue: 

139 (i) H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 

WtiRTEMBERG : bom Nov. 14, 1893. 

140 (ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugen Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 
WtyRTEMBERG : bom Jan. 8, 1895. 

1-41 (iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of WijR- 

TEMBERG : bom March 12, 1896. 

142 (iv) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of "Wuetem- 
berg: born Aug. 15, 1897. 

143 (v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 
Wurtemberg: &or/i Aug. 16, 1898. 

144 (vi) H.R.H. the late Duchess Maria Elisabeth Margareta Theresia 
of WURTEMBERG : bom Sept. 12, 1899 ; died April 15, 1900. 

145 (vii) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Benoite of WUr- 
TEMBERG : hom Jan. 4, 1902. 

146 (2) H.R.H. the Inte Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria 
IsABELLE of Wurtemberg) : born Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, 
having married (1894} to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony — see 

147 (3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of WtiRTEMBERG : 
born Jan. 14, 1873 ; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immacu- 
LATA Raineria of AusTRiA-TuscAN Y (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Salvator^and born Sept. 3, 1878). 

148 (4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anton of WCrtem- 
BERG.: horn June 13, 1877. 

Through Duke Ferdinand George of Saxe-Coburg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

149 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Fi-anz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 

Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 tni the Queen's decease) : born 1816 ; died 
1885, having married (1836, as her second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria II. 
da Gloria of Portugal {bom 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless in 1861) . Issue : 

50 1. H.M. the late Dom Luiz, King of Portugal : born 1838 ; succeeded his brother Dom 

Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having married (1862) H.R.H. Maria Pia, Princess of 
Savoy, now H.M. the Dowager Queen of Portugal (daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. of Italy, and born Oct. 16, 1847 ! residence — Lisbon). Issue: 

51 (i) H.M. Dom Carlos I., present Kmg of Portugal and Algarve, K.G. 

(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria Victor Miguel Raphael Gabriel Gonzaga 
Xa\'ier Francisco de Assis Jos6 Simao), Hon. Admiral of the Fleet in 
British Navy: Z*o?-7z Sept. 28, 1863 ; SMcceetiec? his father 1889; married 
H.R.H. (now H.M.) Princess Marie Amelie Louise Hglene d'ORLEANS 
(eldest daughter of the Comte de Paris, and horn at Twickenham Sept. 28, 
1865). Issue: 

52 (i) H.R.H. Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, Prince Royal of 

Portugal, K.G. (Luiz Felippe Maria Carlos Amelio Fernando 
Victor) : horn March 21, 1887. 

53 (ii) H.R.H. Prince Manuel, Duke of Beja (Manuel Maria Felippe 

Francisco de Assis Eugenio) : born Nov. 15, 1889. 

54 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alphonso, Drike of Oporto and of Saxony (Affonso 

Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : July 31, 1865. 

55 2. H.R.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : born 1843 ; died 1884, having married (1859) H.R.H. Prince Friedrich 
August Georg, afterwards H.M. the late King of Saxony {born Aug. 8, 1832 ; 
died Oct. 15, 1904). Issue: 
"56 (1) H.R.H. Princess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : born March 19, 1863. 
57 (2) H.M. Augustus III., King of Saxony (Friedrich August Johann Philipp) : 

born May 25, 1865 ; succeeded his father 1904 ; married (1891) H.I. & R.H. 
Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria-Tuscan y (eldest 

86 The Royal Family {Relatives). 

daughter of Ferdinand IV., Grand Duke of Tuscany), from whom he 
was divorced 1903, and "Rho has fomially renounced all claim to her late 
rank. Issue: 

158^ (i) H.R.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Georg Paul Marcellus) : born Jan. 15, 1893. 

159 (ii) H.E.H. Prince Fredekick Christian of Saxony (Friedrich 

Christian Albert Maearitis) : horn Dec. 31, 1893. 

160 (iii) H.E.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony (Ernst Heinrich 

Ferdinand Melchiades) : born Dec. 9, 1896. 

161 (iv) H.E.H. Princess Maegap.ete Carola Wilhelmine of Saxony : bom 

Jan. 24, 1900. 

162 (vl li.E.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : &orn Sept. 27, 


163 (j) H.I.H, the Archduchess Otho Francis Joseph of Austria (ne'e H.E.H. 

Princess Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth of Saxony) : horn 
May 31, 1867; married (1B86) to H.I. & E.H. Archduke Otto Franz 
Joseph Carl Ludwig Maria of Austria {born April 21, 1865). Issue: 

164 (i) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maria of Austria : 

horn Aug. 17, 1887. 

165 (ii) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich 

of Austria : born April 13, 1895. 
i65 (4) H.E.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Anacletus) : 

horn July 10, 1869 ; married (1894) the late H.R.H. Duchess Isabelle of 
"Wurtembeeg {died 1904— see 146). 

167 (5) H.E.H. Prince Maximilian Wilhelm August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 

Saxony : horn Nov. 17, 1870. 

168 (6) H.R.H. the late Prince Albert Carl Anton of Saxony : horn Feb. 25, 

1875 ; accidentally killed igoo. 

169 3. H.E.H. Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, Infanta of Portugal (Dona 

Antonia Maria Fernanda), Duchess of Saxony : horn Feb. 17, 1845 ; married (1861) 
to H.R.H. Leopold StephanCarl Thassilo, Prince of Hohenzollern {horn Sept. 
22, 1835). Issue: 

170 (i) H.S.H. WiLLiAiM, Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern (Wilhelm August 

Carl Benedict) : horn March 7, 1864 ; married (1889) H.R.H. Princess 
Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicily (daughter of the late 
Ltiigi, Conte di Trani, and horn Jan. 15, 1867) . Issue : 

171 (i) H.S.H. Princess Auguste Victoria Wilhelmine Ludovica of 

Hohenzollern : horn Aug. 19, 1890. 

172 (ii) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Victor Pius Ferdinand of Hohenzol- 

lern : borji Aug. 30, 1891. 

173 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig Thassilo of Hohenzollern : 

twin with preceding. 

174 (2) H.R.H. Ferdinand, Prince and Heir Presumptive of Roumania, G.C.B. 

(Prince Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad of Hohenzollerk) : bmn 
Aug. 24, 1865 ; created " Royal Highness " by King Charles I. in 1889 (his 
elder brother having declined the offer of succession) : married (1893) 
H.E.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I. 
(eldest daughter of H.E.H. the late Eeigning Duke Alfred, and born 
Oct. 29, 1875 — see 64). Issue: 

175 (i) Prince Carol of Eoumania : horn Oct. 15, 1893. 

176 • (ii) Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Roumania : horn 

Oct. 11, 1894. 

177 (iii) Princess Marie of Roumania : born Jan. 8, 1900. 
177^ (iv) Prince Nicholas of Roumania : horn Aug. 17, 1903. 

178 (3) H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollern : 

born Sept. i, 186B ; married (1894) his cousin H.R.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Belgium (daughter of H.R.H. Philippe, 
Comte de Flandre, and bom Oct. 18, 1872— see 243). Issue : 

179 (i) Princess Stephanie Josephine Carola of Hohenzollern : horn 

April 8, 1895. 

180 (ii) Princess Marie Antoinette Wilhelmine Victoria Augusta of Hohen- 

zollern : horn Oct. 23, 1896. 

181 (iii) Prince Albert Ludwig Leopold Tassillon of Hohenzollern : horn 

Sept. 28, 1808. 

182 II. H.H. the late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (August Ludwig Victor, 

Duke of Saxony : horn 1818 ; died 1881, \\a.\'m^ married (1843) H.R.H. Marie Clementine 
Clothilde d'OR'LEANS (daughter of King Louis Philippe, and horn June 3, 1817). 

Is.tue : 

183 . 1. H.H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ferdinand Philipp Maria August), 

Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. : born March 28, 1S44 ; married (1875) his first cousin 
H.R.H. Princess Louise of Belgium {horn Feb. 18, 1858— see 237). Issue: 

184 (1) H.H. Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Maria of Saxe-Cobukg 

&c. : horn July 19, 1878. 

185 (2) H. H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstein-Augustenburg {n6e H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, &c,) : 

Cousins of His Majesty. 87 

lorn April 30, 1881 ; mnrried (1898) to H. H. Ernst Guxtheb, Duke of 
HoLSTEiK-AuG. {horn 1863— see 28a). 

2. H.H, Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August Maria Eudes) : horn 

Aug. 9, 1845 ; married (1864) H.I.H, the late Piincess Leopoldijta of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and born 1847, died 1871). Issue: 

(1) Prince Petek August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c, : horn March 

19, i855. 

(2) Prince August Leopold Philipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : horn 

Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I. & E.H. Archdss. Caroline Maria 
Imhaculata of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl SaWator, and 6orn Sept. 5, 1869). /sswe.- 

(i) Prince August Clement Carl Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c.: 

lorn Oct. 27, 1895. 

(ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

horn March 23, 1897. 

(iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

horn Jan. 10, 1899. 

(iv) Prince Eainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Coburg : horn May 4, 1900. 

(v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph Ignaz of Saxe-Coburg: born ; 

Aug. 18, 1901. I 
(\'i) Princess Theresia Christiana Maria Eaphaella Gonzaga of Saxe- i 
Coburg: horn Aug. 23, 1902. ■ 

(3) Prince Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born \ 

Sept. 15, 1870; married (1900) H.E.E. Princess Mathilda Maria Theresia \ 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. Prince Ludwig, and born Aug. 17, 1877). i 
(i) Prince Anton Marie Ludwig Clemens of Saxe-Coburg : born j 
June 17, 1901. I 

3, H.I. & E.H. Ai-ehduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Marie Adelheid Amalie ' 

Clothilde of Saxe-Coburg &:c.) : bom July 8, 1846 ; married (1864) to H.I. & E.H. ; 
Archduke Joseph Carl Ludwig of Austria (born March 2, 1833). Issue: \ 

(1) H.I. & E.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea | 

Amalia of Austria) : bom June 14, 1867; married (1896) to Prince Louis I 
Philippe Eobert, Due d'ORLEANS, chief of the Prench branch of the ! 
House of Bourbon (son of the late Comte de Paris, and hor^i at Twicken- | 
ham, Peb. 6, 1869). Besidence — York House, Twickenham. ■ 

(2) H.I., E., & S.H. Margarete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess j 

Margarets Clementine Maria of Austria) : born July 6, 1870 ; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, Eeigning | 
Prince of Thurn and Taxis {born May 8, 1867). Issue: 

(i) Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thukn and Taxis (Franz 

Joseph Maximilian Maria) : horn Dec. 21, 1893. 

(ii) Prince Carl August Joseph Maria of Thurn and Taxis : born 

July 23, 1898. 

(iii) Prince Ludwig Philipp Maria Friedrich of Thurn and Taxis : 

horn Feb. 2, 1901. 

(iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maria Siegfried of Thurn and Taxis : born 

March 1, 1902. 

(3) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Joseph August "Victor Clemens Maria of Austria : 

born Aug, 9, 1872 ; married (1893) H.E.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luise 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. Prince Leopold of Bavaria : &or?i April28, 
1875). Issue: 

(i) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : &orw March 28, 


(ii) The ifois Archduchess Gisela of Austria: born 1897, died J902 (?). 
(iiij Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria : born 

March 11, 1S99. 

(iv) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria : born Jan. 3, 1901. 

(4) H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Elisabeth Hensiette Clothilde Maria Victoria 

of Austria : born March 9, 1883. 

(5) H.I. & E.H. the late Ai-chduchess Clothilde Maria Filomena of Austria : 

horn May 9, 1884 ; died Dec. 13, 1903. 

4, H.E.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Princess Amalie of 

Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1848 ; died 1894, having married (1875) H.E.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria {born 1849 1893). Issue : 

(1) H.E.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : born July 10, 1876. 

(2) H.E.H. Duke Christoph Joseph of Bavaria : born April 22, 1879. 

' (3) H.E.H. Duke Luitpold Emanuel Ludwig of Bavaria : born June 30, 1890. 

5. H.E.H, Ferdinand, Prince of Bulgaria (Ferdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 

Maria of Saxe-Coburg &c.), Duke of Saxony : born Feb. 26, 1861 : elected (1887) 
as F'erdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria; married (1893) the loAe H.E.H, Princess 
Maria Louisa of Parma (Maria Luigia Pia Teresa, daughter of Eobert, Duke of 
Parma, born 1870, died 1899). Issue: 


The Royal Family [Relatives). 

216 (1) H.R.H. Boris, Hereditary Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Tirnova (Boris 

Clement Robert Matia Pius), Duke of Saxony : horn Jan, 30, 1894, n.s. 

217 (2) Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry Francis) : 

horn Nov. 17, 1895. 

218 (3) Princess Eudoxia Augusta Philippine of Bulgaria: horn Jan. 17, 1898. 

219 (4) Princess Nadejda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : horn Jan. 30, 1899. 

220 III. H.R.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours {nee H.H. Princess Victoria Auguste 

Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : horn 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.B.H. 
the late Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d'ORLEANS, Due de Nemours {horn 
1814, died 1896) . Issue : 

221 1. H.R.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Perdinand 

Gaston): &o/w April 28,1842; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostinha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor Dom 
Pedro II., Infant of Portugal : horn July 29, 1846). Issue: 

222 (1) H.R.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn Oct. 

15, 1875. 

223 (2) H.R.H. Prince Louis Marie Philippe d'OsLEANS : horn Jan. 26, 1878. 

224 (3) H.R.H. Prince Antoine Gaston Philippe Gonzaga d'ORLEANS : horn 

Aug. 9, i88i. 

225 2. H.R.H. Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'0RL:6ANS, Due d'ALEN^ON et de 

Nemours: horn Ju.lyi2, 1844; married (1868) H.R.H. the late Duchesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
and horn 1847, '^'e<^ in the fire at the Bazar de la Charity, Paris, May 4, 1897) . Issue : 

226 (1) H.R.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.R.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d'ORLEANS): 6o?-n July 9, 1869 ; wia?TiecZ (1891) to H.R.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria {horn Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 
226a (i) Prince Joseph Clement Maria Philipp Neri of Bavaria : horn 

May 25, 1902. 

227 (2) H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de Vend6me (Philippe 

Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : horn Jan. 18, 1872; married (1896) his second 
cousin H.R.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders {horn Nov. 30, 1870 — see 
242) . Issue : 

228 (i) Princess Marie Louise Ferdinande Charlotte Henrietta of 

Orleans: &orw Dec. 31, 1896. 

229 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine Louise Henriette of Orleans : horn 

Oct. 19, 1898. 

230 (iii) Princess GeneviiIiv'e Mane Jeanne Fran^oise of Orleans: horn 

Sept. 21, 1901. 

231 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Czartoryski (H.R.H. Princess Marguerite Adelaide 

Marie d'ORLEANs) : horii 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartoryski {horn 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 

232 (1) Adam Louis, Prince Czartoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zukow: horn 

Nov. 5, 1872; married (igoi) Marie Louise, Comtesse Krasne-Krasinska 
{horn March 24, 1883). 

233 (i) Princess Isabf.lle Marguerite Czartoryski : horn Aug. 17, 1902. 

234 (2) Prince Witold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : horn March 10, 1876. 

235 4. H.R.H. Princess Blanche Marie Am^lie Caroline d'OsLi^ANS : horn Oct. 28, 1857. 

Through H.M. Leopold I., King of the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

236 I. H.M. Leopold II. (Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor), present King of the Belgians, 

Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : horn at Brussels, April 9, 
1835 ; succeeded his father 1865 ; married (1853) H.I. & R.H. the late Archduchess Maria 
Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (younger daughter of the late Archduke Joseph, 
Coimt Palatine of Hungary, and horn Aug. 23, 1836 ; died Sept. 19, 1902). Issue: 

237 1. H.R.H. Princess Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. (H.R.H. Princess Louise Marie 
Am^lie of Belgium) : horn Feb. 18, 1858 ; married (1875) to her first cousin H.H. 
Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. {horn March 28, 1844— see 183). 

238 2. H.I. & R.H. Princess Stephanie, Countess Lony'AY', late Dowager Princess 
Imperial of Austria {n&e H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Clothilde of Belgium) : 
horn May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria {horn 1858; died id^g); 2ndly (1900), to 
Elem('r, Count LoNYAY. i,9SMe (1st marriage) : 

239 (1) H.I. & R.H. Princess Otto zu Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

Marie Hem-iette Stephanie Gisela of Austria): horn Sept. 2, 1883; 
married 1902, to H.S.H. Prince Otto Veiiand Hugo Ernst zu W.-G. 
{horn Oct. 7, 1873). 

240 3. H.R.H. Princess Clementine Albsrte Loopoldine of Belgium : Zior« July 30, 1872 

241 II. H.R.H. Prince Philip, Count of Flanders (Philippe Eugdne Baudouin Leopold 

George) : horn March 24, 1837 ; married (1867) Princess Maria Louise Alexandrine 
Caroline of Hohenzollern (daughter of H.R.H. the late Carl Anton, Prince of 
Hohenzollern, and horn Nov. 17, 1845). Issue: 

Cousins of His Majesty, 


1. H.E.H, Henriette, Ducliesse de VendOme, Princess Emmanuel of Orleans 

(H.B.H. Princess Heneiette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : horn 
Nov. 30, 1870 {twin -with the late Princess Josephine Marie Stephanie Victoire, 
who died 187I — see 243 for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to 
H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel d'ORLEANs, Due deVENDftME (&. Jan. 18, 1872 — see 227). 

2. H.R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hohenzollern (H.R.H. Princess Josephine 

Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : born Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 
H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrieh Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollern {born 
Sept. 1, 1868— see 178). 

3. H.R.H. Prince Albert Leopold Clement Marie Meinrad of Flanders, Crown 

Prince of Belgium : born April 8, 1875 ; married (1900) H.R.H. Duchess Elisa- 
beth Valerie Gabriele Marie of Bavaria (daughter of Duke Carl Theodor, and 
born July 25, 1876) . 

(1) H.R.H. Prince Leopold Philippe Charles of Belgium : born Nov. 3, 1901. 

(2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium : born Oct. 10, 1903. 
m. H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian, ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Princess Marie 

Charlotte Am6lie L^opoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840 ; married (1857) H.I.M, 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {born 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867) , 

C, 1st Cousins with Descendants (side of Duchess of Kent continued). 
Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen, half-brother of Queen Victoria. 

I. H.S.H. the ?aei? Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Emich), 
G.C.B., G.C.V.O., an Admiral in the British Navy (served in Burma and in Black 
and Baltic Seas) : born Nov. 9, 1830; cZiecZ 1904, having married (1858) H.G.D.H. the 
late Princess Marie Amalie of Baden, V.A. ; {born 1834; died 1899). Besidence — 
2 Carlisle Place, Victoria St., S.W. Issue: 

1. H.S.H. the late Princess Alberta Victoria Ernestine of Leiningen: born 1863, 

died 1902 (?). 

2. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl), 

G. C.V.O. : horn Jan. i8, 1866 ; succeeded his father 1904; married (1894) his second 
cousin. Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (second 
daughter of H.S.H. Hermann, Prince of the same, and born July 23, 1866— see 
267) . Issue : 

{\) Princess Victoria Marie Leopoldine Elise Sophie of Leiningen: born 
May 12, 1895. 

(2) Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heinrich Maximilian of Leiningen : born 

Dec. 29, 1896. 

(3) Prince Friedrich Carl Eduard Erwin of Leiningen: born Feb. 13, 1898. 

(4) Prince Hermann Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : born Jan. 4, 1901. 

(5) Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : bom July 29, 1903. 

II. H.S.H. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Johann of Leiningen, X.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 5, 1833. 

Through Princess Anne Feodora of Hohenlohe, half-sister of Queen Victoria. 
I. Prince Charles of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Carl Ludwig Wilhelm Leopold) : born 
Oct. 25, 1829; married morganatieally (1861) to Baroness von Bronn, and resigned the 
succession to the Principality to his next brother (children named Bronn). 
II. H.S.H. Hermann Ernst Franz Bemhard, Reigning Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 

G. C.B. , Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lorraine, a General in the Prussian Army : born 
Aug. 31, 1832; succeeded his father i86o ; married (1862) H.G.D.H, the late Princess 
Leopoldina Wilhelmine Maximiliane, Margravine of Baden (younger daughter of 

H. G.D.H. the late Prince William, and horn Feb. 22. 1837 ; died Dec. 23, 1903). Issue: 

1. Ernst Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe- 

Langenburg, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Sept. 13, 1863; married (1896) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg, C.I. {bom Sept. 1, 1878— see 65). 

(1) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred of Hohenlohe : horn March 24, 1897. 

(2) Princess Maria Melita Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : horn Jan. 18, 1899. 

(3) Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born April 2, 


(4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : born July 4, 1902. 

2. H.S.H, Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (Princess Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Heinrich XXVII., " Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue: 

(1) H.S.H, Princess Victoria Feodora Agnes of Reuss : born April 21, 


(2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida Helene Wilhelmine of Reuss : born 

July 17, i8go. 

(3) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLIII. of Reuss : born July 25, 1893. 

(4) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLV. of Reuss : born May 13, 1895. 

3. H.S.H. Feodora, Hereditary Princess of Leiningen (Princess Feodora Victoria 

Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born July 23, 1866; married (1894) to 

H. S.H, Emich Eduard Carl, Reigning Prince, &c, (see 249). 


The Royal Family {Relatives). 

268 III. H.S.H. the late Prince Victor of HoHENLOHE-LANaEXBUEG, Vice-Admiral, E.N. : 

horn 1833; died i%^i,hSiY'm^ married (1861) I^ady Laus A. Williamina Seymour (sister of 
5th Marq. of Hertford and lorn Jan. 27, 1833 ; now H.S.H. Princess Victor of 
Hohenlohe; raised to rank of daughter of a Marquese 1871). Residences — St. Bruno, 
Sunningdale, Ascot; Engine Court, St. James's Palace, S.W. Issue: 

269 1. Countess Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichex : horn Dec. 20, i85i. 

270 2. Albert Edward Wilfred, Count Gleichen, C.V.O., C.M.G., D.S.O., Lieut.- 

Col. late of Grenadier Guards, now Mil. Attache at Berlin (served in Soudan 
I 1884.-5, Dongola 1896, and in B. Africa 1899-1901) ; Extra Equerry to H.M. 

j and a Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem : horn Jan. 15, 1863. Residence — 

Engine Court, St. James's Palace. (The title "Count Gleichen" is of Saxe- 


271 3. Coimtess Victoria Alice Leopoldine Ada Laura Gleichen: horn Nov. 28, 1868. 

(Adopts the name " Valda " from V .A.L. Ada.) 

272 4. Countess Helena Emily Gleichen : horn Feb. 1, 1873. 

273 IV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTSiN-Sonderburg-AuGusxENBtJEG 

(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohenlohe-Eangenbueg) : horn July 20, 
1835; died igoo, having been married (1856) to H.H. the late Friedeich Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.~Auc. {horn 1829; died 1880). Issue: 

274 1. II.I.M. Aitgusta Victoria, the German Empress, V.A. {nee H.S.H. Princess 

Auguste Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : horn Oct. 22, 1858; raarricd (Feb. 27, i88i) to H.R.H. Prince Frederick 
Vfilliam, nowH.I.M. WiltjamIL, German Emperor {hor}2 Jan. 27, 1859— see 15). 
{ 275 2. H.H. Caroline Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLxicKS- 

I BURG (Princess Victoria Friederike Caroline Matiiilde of Holstein-Augusten- 

bi'eg) : horn Jan. 25, i860; married (1S85) to H.H. Prince Friedeich Ferdinand 
[ • Georg, Duke of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUCKSBURG {born Oct. 12, 

1855). Issve: 

276 (1) H.H. Princess Victoria Adklheid Helene Friederike of Holstein- 

G'^LUCKSBURG : horn Dec. 31, 1885. 
I 277 (2) H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Augu.ste "Wilhelmine of Holstein- 

j • Glucksbueg : &orn April 21, 1887. 

278 (3) H.H. Princess Helen.\ Adelheid Victoria Marie of HoLSTEiN-GLycKSBURG: 

horn June l, 1888. 

j 279 (4) H.H. Princess Adelheid Luise of HoLSTEiN-GLtJCKSBUEG : ho7-n Oct. 19, 

i 1889. 

I 280 (5) H.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedeich Christian Giinther of HoLSTEiN-GLticKS- 

j BURG : Z;o/-w Aug. 23, 1891. 

281 (5) H.H. Princess Victoria Irene Caroline Matiiilde of HoLSXEiN-GLticKS- 

! BURG : Z'oni May 11, 1894. 

i 282 3. H.H. Ernst GfUNTHER, Duke of Schlesw.-HoLSTEiN-Sond.-AuGUSTENBURG : horn 

Aug. 11, 1863 ; married (1898) H.H. Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Cobueg (see 185). 
i 283 4. H.K.H. Princess Frederick Leopold of Prussia {m^e H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

LuiSE Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustenburg) : horn April 8, 1866; 

married (1889) to H.Pi.H. Prince Joachim Friedrich Leopold of Prussia, 

G.C.V.O. {hern Nov. 14, 1865). Issue: 
I 284 (1) H. P. H. Princess Victoria Margarete Elisabeth Ulrike of Peu.ssia : born 

April 17, 1890. 

i 285 (2) H. Pi,. H. Prince Joacliim Friedeich Si GiSMUND of PEU.SSIA : fcorw Dec. 17, 1891. 

I 286 (3) H.R.H. Prince Tassilo Friedeich Carl of Prussia : born April 6, 1893. 

! 287 (4) H.R.H. Prince Franz Joseph Friedrich Leopold of Prussia : horn 

I Aug. 27, 1895. 

I 28S 5. H.H. Princess Feodora Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holstein-Augustenburg : 

I born July 3, 1874. 

289 V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Feodore Victoria 

Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : born 1839; died 1872, having married (1858), 
V as his second consori, H.H. George II., present Reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and 

i Hildburghausen {born April 2, 1826). [He afterwards married morganatieally Helena 

Frances, Baroness von Heldburg. ] Issue (by Duchess Feodora — No, 23 gives one of 

the issue by first consort) : 

290 1. H.H. Prince Ernst Bernhaed Victor Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : horn Sept. 27, 

1859 ; married morganatieally (1892) Catharina, Baroness von Saalfeld (born 
1874). (Children entitled " Barons and Baroness von Saalfeld.") 

291 2. H.H. Prince Friedrich Johann Eernhard Moritz of Saxe-Meiningen : horn 

Oct. 12, i86i ; married (1889) Countess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
; ■ Lippe-Biesterkeld (eldest daughter of the Most Illustrious Count Ernst, and 

! ' tor/i June 22, 1870). Issue: 

\ 292 (i) Princess Caeola Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen: horn May 29, 

j 1890. 

j 293 (2) Princess Adelheid Ema Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-Meiningen: horn 

Aug. 16, 1891. 

I 294 (3) Prince Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn Oct. 11, 1892. 

i 295 (4) Prince Ernst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meiningen : born Sept. 23, 1895. 

Index to the Royal Family. 


296 (5) Princess Luise Marie Catherina of Saxe-Meinikgek : horn Mai'ch 13, 


297 (5) Prince Beknhard Friedrich Julius Heinrich of Saxe-Meiningen : horn 

June 20, 1901, 

Daughter-in-law of Duke Ernest I., eldest brother of the Duchess of Kent and father of the Prince Consort. 

298 I. H.G.D.H. Alexandrine, Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Cobueg and Gotha (H.G.D.H, 

Princess Alexandeine Luise, Margravine of Baden, eldest daughter of H.R.H. the 
Grand Duke Leopold) : born Dec. 6, 1820 ; married (1842) the late Duke Ebnest 
n. {born i8l8; succeeded his father 1844; fZfecZ Aug. 22, 1893) . ^'e.9?cZence— Coburg. 
Note.— The net total is 262 living blood-relations (the aprjarent 298, with addition of nine 
numbered 12a, 360;, &c., has to be diminished by 45 for 44 deceased relatives and the above aunt 
by marriage). The 262 comprise 1 1 married couples who are related to His Majesty on both sides. 


*** There is an unavoidable imperfection in tlie following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally iised. When, however, a name is found cited under some variation- 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed " Prince Berengar "—a reference to " Prussia" would conduct the 
searcher to the only possible houses Tinder which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert of Prussia" 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia." German names are usually anglicised in the index, whilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Clementine, Prss. (Saxe-C'oh.), 182 
,, Maria, Prss. {Haxe-Cob.}, 190 
Clothilde, Archdss. {Anstna}, 197 
Connaught, D. of, 75 ; house, 76-8 
Constantine, I), ot Sparta, 32 
Cumberland, D. of, 88 ; house, 87-97 
Cyril, Pr. of Preslav [Bidyaria), 217 
Czartoryslci, Pr. 232 
Danilo, Cr. Pr. of Montenegro, 103 
Denmark, Pr. Charles of, 12 

,, see also 68 and ].)iKKCTORy 
Bietrichstein-NicoUbnrg, J'rs. and Cts. 
of, 127-35 
„ „ Dow. Prss. of, 127 
Dolgorouki—see 128 
Bonnersmarck — see Henckel 
Dorothea, Dss. of Jlolst.-Ang., 185 
Edward, Pr. {Leininoen), 254 

„ Albert, Pr.dJ'ftto), 3 
Edv,-in, Ct. Henckel, 123 
[Egloffstein, Bnss. von und zu, a Bed- 
chamber Woman to H.R.H. Prss. 
Eitel-Frederick, Pr. iPnts.'iia), 17 
Elise, Her. Prss. of iiewfss, 262 
Elizabeth, Her. G. Dss. of Meck.-Strel, 

Adalbert, Pr. {Primia), i3 
Adelaide, Dss. {Holstein-Aug.), 273 
„ Prss. {, 279 
„ „ (.S'a.Te-Jf. ), mother, 391 
i> >, „ daughter, 293 
Adolphus, Pr. {Schanmb.-L.), 30 
„ Fredk., Her. G. D. ofMcck.-Sirel. 


Albany, D. of. 3i; Dss. of, 79 

Alice of, 80 
Albert, Ct. [Mensdorff-P.), 133 i 
„ D. ( Wilrteynbei-g), 138 j 
„ Pr. {Battenberg), 49 j 
„ „ (Flanders), 244 
,, „ (Hohemollern), 181 
„ (Schles.- Hoist.), 70 
„ Eugene, D. ( Wurtemberg), 140 
„ Fredk., Pr. { Wales), 4 
A lencon, Ferdinand, Due d', 225 
Alexander, Ct. (Mensdorff-P. ), 127 
„ Pr. (Battenberg), 83 
„ „ (Sparta), 34 
„ „ (i'ecA-), 113 
„ Edward, Pi\ (Denmark), 12a 
Alexandra, Prss. (Cumberld.), gx 
„ „ (flohenlohe-L.), 66 
„ Duff, Lady, 9 
„ Fedorovna, Empss. Russ. 56 
J, Victoria, Prss. (Holst.-Gl.), 277 
Alexandrine, Ctss. (Bietrichstein), 129 
„ Dow. Dss. of Saxe-Cob. 298 
„ „ Prss. of Dietrichst. 127 
Alexis, Gd. Dk. (Russia), 60a 
Alice, Prss. (Albany), 80 
Alix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
Alphonse, Bn. v. Paivel-Ramm. 93 
„ Ct. v. Mensdorff-P. 126 
,, Pr. (Bavaria), 226 
Alphonso, D. of Oporto, 154 
Amelia, Dss. (Bavaria), 211 
Anastasia, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 60 
Andrew, Prss. (Greece), 46 
A nhalt, see 72 & loi 
Antoine, Pr. (Orleans), 224 
Antonia, Prss. of Holiem., Infanta of 

Portugal, 169 
Apponyi, Ctss. 134 
Argyll, D. of, 74 
[Aritoert, Pr. (Anhalt), see 72] 
Armagh, E. of, 90 
Arthur Aug., Ct. (Mensd.-P.), 133 

„ Patrick (Connaught), 77 
Augusta, Archdss. (Austria), 204 

„ Victoria, Prss. (Hohenz.), 171 
Augustus, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 186 
,, Charles, Pr. (do.), 189 
„ Leopold, Pr. (do.), i88 

Augustus William, Pr. (Prasiia), 19 ; 
Austria, Archd. Joseph of, 197 ; house, I 

„ „ Otho F.Jos, of, 163; house,! 

„ Archdss. Maxirn. of, 246 
„ ex-Prss. Imp. of, 238 
„ see also 137-8, 236, and Directory | 
Austria-Tuscany—see 157, 18C 1 
liadcii — see 89, 247, 256, 298 [ 
[Battenberg,\i.ii.B..Vv. Francis J oseph 1 
of, G.C.V.O. (Hon. 1897), K.C.B. 
(Hon. Civ. 1896), bro. of folly., b. 1861, 
mar. 1897 Prss. Anna of Montenegro. ; 
Res., Leipzig.*] \ 
Battenberg, Prss. Henry of , 82 ; house, i 
83-6 i 
„ Louis, Pr. of, 45 ; house, 46-9 
Bavaria, Pr. Alplionse of, 226 j 
,, D. Max. Em. of, an ; house, 212-141 
„ see also 204, 225, 244, and Directouy 
Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), 82 j 

„ „ (Saxe-Cobytrg), 67 
Beja (Portxigul), D. of, 153 
Belgians, K. of, 236 ; house, 237-40 
Belgium— see 178, 183, and Flanders 
Bernhard, Her. Pr. of Saxe-Mein., 24 
Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 235 
Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 216 i 
Botirbon-Sicily—see 170 
Bragcmza(Port. ), Louis Phil., D. of, 152 > 
Brazil— see 1S6, 221 i 
Bronn, Bnss. von, 255 | 
Brunswick— see 87, 98-9 1 
Bulgaria, Ferd. Pr. of, 215; issue. 216-19} 
Cambridge, D. of, 98 ; house, 99-105 i 
Carlos I., K. of Portugal, 151 , 
Carol, Pr. (Roumania), 175 j 
Carola, Prss. (Saxe-Mein. ), 292 i 
Caroline Maria Immac, Archdss. 1 
(Saxe-Cob.), 188 i 
„ Matilda, VTSs.(Holst.-GUck».),2ai\ 
Charles, Pr. (Denmark), 13 
,, ,, (Hohenlohe-Lang.), 255 \ 
„ Alexander, D.(1F'i(?-i(ein6er{7), 141 
„ Antonj', Pr. (Hohensollern), 178 I 
„ August, Pr. (Thurn it T.), 201 I 
„ Borwin, D. (Meek.-Strel.), 105 ! 
„ Edward, D. of Alba^iy, 81 
,, Pras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 164 ! 
„ Theodore, Pr. (Belg.), 245a j 
Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., 23] 
Christian, Pr. (Schleswig- Hoist.), 68 ! 
Christopher, D. (Bavaria), 213 
Clary-Aldringen, Cts. &c., 119-22 
Clementine, Prss. (Belgium), 240 
,, „ (Bulgaria), 219 

,, Prss. (Roumania), 176 
,, Alexandrina, Ctss. (Clary-Aldr.\, 

„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Russ.), 50 
„ Henrietta, Archdss. (Anst.), 209 
„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 239 
Emich Cnas., Pr. ot Leininoen, 249 

„ Ernest, Pr. (Leiningeii), 251 
Emmanuel, D. de Vend6me, 227 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria £ug6nie 
Ernest,Her. Pr. oiHohenloke-Lang. ,257 
„ Augustus, Pr. (Cumbd.), 94 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 290 
„ Gunther, D. of Hoist.- Aug., 2S2 
„ Henry, Pr. (Saxony), 160 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 295 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
Eu, Comte d* (Orleans), 221 
Eudoxia, Prss. (Bulgaria), 218 
Peodora, Ctss. (Gleicheyi), 269 
,, Her. Prss. of Leiningen, 267 
„ Prss. (//oZs<.-^ Mgr.), 2S8 
„ ,, (Saxe-Meiningen), 24 
Ferdinand, Pr. of Bulgaria, 215 

,, ,j of Roumania, 174 
Fife, D. of, 8 ; daughters, 9, 10 
FitzGeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Flanders, Ct. of, 241 ; house, 242-5 

„ see also 227 
Francis, Pr. (Teck), 112 

A few Court names, not belonging to the Koyal Family, are here interpolated in this form. 


The Royal Family. 

Frauds Joseiih, Ct. (Nepomiik-P.), 1231 
„ Her. Pr. of r/iuni ifc Taxis, 
200 I 
„ ,, Pr. (/7o7ie)iioZZeni), 173 

Frederica, Bnss. t^oji PaweZ-iJamm. , 95 

Frederick, D. {Holstein- August), 273 1 
,, Her. Pr. of Meck.-Strelitz, 104 i 
„ Pr. (Holstein-Glucksb.), 280 \ 
„ ,, (Saxe-Meiningen), 291 
,, Augustus, Pr. (Saxony), 157 
„ Charles, Pr. {Hesse), 37 
,, „ „ (Leiningen), 252 
„ „ ,, (Prussia), 286 
„ Chi'istian, Pr. (Saxony), 159 
,, Leopold, Pr. (Fruss.), father, 283 
i> „ „ son, 287 

„ Sigismund, do. (do.), 285 
„ Victor, Pr. (Hohemoll.), 172 
„ V/illiam, Pr. (Hesse), 38 

Gaston, Cte. cCE^l [Orleans), 221 

George, Pr. (Butienberg), i^S 
,, ,, (Saxe-Meiningen), 294 
,, „ (Saxony), 158 
,, „ {Sparta), 33 
„ „ (Teck),ioq 
„ „ ( Wales), 7 
„ II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 289 

German Emperor, 15 ; Empress, 274 ; 
house, 16-22 

Germany— see Prussia 

Gleichen, Ct. 270 ; house, 269-72 

Gottfried, Pr. (Hohenl.), 258 

Greece, Pr. Roj-al of, 32 
„ see DiiiEOTORY 

Hanover, see Cumberland 

Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 272 
„ Prss. (Holst.-Glilcksbg.),27S 

„ (Schles.-Holstein), 68 
„ ,, (Sparta), 35 
,. (Teck), 111 

Henckel, Ct. 123 

Henry, Pr. (Prussia), 25 
„ ( Wales), 6 
„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Reuss, 

262 ; XXX. (do.), 24 
„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. ^do.), 263-6 

Hesse, G. D. of, 52 
,, Pr. Fredk. Chas. of, 37 ; sons 38-43 

Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 2S3a 

Hohenlohe-Lang., IPr. of, 256; house, 

Hohenzollern, Pr. of, 169 ; house, 170-81 
Hoist. -Augustenburg,!). of, 282; Dss. 

,, „ D. Fredk. of, 273 ; house. 


Hoist. -GlUcksburg, 1). of, 275 ; house, 
276-81 : see Directory 

Hungary— see 226 

Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 

Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 261 

Isabella, Ctsse. d'Eu (Orleans), 221 
„ Prss. (Czartoryski), 233 
,, (Saxony), 146 

Italy — see 150, 215 

Jametel, Ct., 102 

Joachim, Pr. (Pruas.), 21 

John George, Pr. {Saxony), i65 

Joseph, Archd. (Austria), 197 
„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 204 
,, Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 226a, 
„ Francis, Archc". (Austria), 205 

Josephine, Ctss. (Kinsky), 124 
„ Prss. (Hohemoll.), 243 

Jufcta, Dss. (Meck.-Strelitz), 103 

Kinsky, house, 119-23 

Leiningen, Pr. of, 247 ; house, 248-54 

Leopold, Pr. (Battenberg), 85 
„ „ (Saxe-Cob^irg), 184 
„ II., K. of Belgians, 236 
„ Philippe, Pr. (Belg.), 245 

Leopoldina, Prss. (Saxe-Coburg), i86 

Lippe-Biesterfeld—see 291 

Lonyay, Ct., 238 

Louis (Luiz), K. of Portugal, 150 
„ Pr. of Battenberg, 45 

Louis, Pr. (Orleans), 223 
, „ (Saxe-Coburg), 195 
,, Philip, D. of Braganza, 152 
Louisa, Prss. (Battenberg), 47 
„ Adelaide, Prss. (Reuss), 264 
„ Augusta, Prss. (Schles.-HoUt.), 72 
„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 236 
„ Sophia, Prss. (Prussia). 283 
Louise, Prss. (Dss. of Fife), 8 
„ (J)a%. ot Argyll), 7^^ 
., ,. (Saxe-Coburg), 237 
Loweastein, Her. Prss. of, 124 
Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 214 
Manuel, D. of Beja (Portugal), 153 
Margaret, Prss. (Connaught), 76 
„ „ (Hesse), 37 
,, ,, (Saxony), 161 

„ (Teck), 10^ 
,, ,, of Thurn <& Taxis, 199 
,, Mary, Dss. ( Wilrtemb.), 145 
Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Strelitz), 102 
,, I'rss. ( Hohenlohe), zsg 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 191 
„ Amelia, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 142 
„ Doroth. Amel., Dss. (Orleans), 198 
„ Josepha, Archdss. (do.), 163 

Louisa, Prss. (Cumberld.), 89 
„ Pia, Dow. Qu. of Portugal, 150 
,, Theresa, Archdss. ( Wiirtmb.), 137 
„ Dss. (do.), 143 
„ Her. Prss. of Hohenz., 170 
3Iarie, Dow. Dss. of Cumberland, 87 
„ Gd. Dss. (Riissia), 59 
„ Prss. (Hohenzollern), 180 
,, ,, (Roumania), 17^ & 177 
,, Alexandra, Ftss. (Baden), 89a 
„ Alexandrovna, G. Dss. &c., 62 
„ Amalie, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 142 
„ Amalie, Qn. of Portugal, 151 
„ Charlotte, ex-Empss. Mexico, 246 
„ Louise, Prss. (Orleans), 22E 
Matilda, Prss. (Saxony), 156 

,, ,, (Saxe-Cob.), 195 

Maud, Prss. ( U.K. ), 12 

„ Duff, Lady, 10 
Maurice, Pr. (Battenberg), 86 
Max Emmanuel, Pr. (Thurn d' T.), 203 
Maximilian, Archdss. (Mexico), 246 
,, Prss. (Baden), 89 
,, Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ „ (Saxony), 167 
„ Eugene, Archd. (A^ist.), 165 
" May," Princess, 107 
Mecklenb.-Schiverin, Gd Dss. of, 91 
Mecklenb.-Strelitz, Dow. Gd. Dss. of, 

99 ; house, 101-5 
Mensdorff-Pouilly, house, 114-3S 
„ ,, Alphonse, Ct. von, 126 
„ „ Hugo, Ct. von, 128 
Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 246 
Militza, Cr. Prss. oi Montenegro, 103 
Nadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 219 
Naples— see Bourbon-Sicily 

Pierre, Pr. (Orleans), 222 
Portugal, Antonia,^nfanta of, 169 
,, Dow. Qn. of, 150 
„ Ferd., Reg. of, 149 ; house, 150-5 

Nemours, house, 220-30 
Nepomuk-Paschalis, Ct. Fras. J. v., 125 
Nicholas II., Emp, of Russia, s6 

,, Pr. (Roumania), 177a 
Oberndorff, Ctss. 115 
Ulga, Ctss. (Dieir.-Nicolsb.), 130 

„ G. Dss. (Russia), 57 

„ Prss. (Cumbei-land), 92 

„ „ y. Bietrichstein-N.,izS 
Oporto, D. of, 154 
Orleans, D. of, 198 

,, Pr. Emmanuel of, 227 

„ „ Ferdinand of, 225 ; house, 

„ ,, Gaston of, 221 ; house, 222-4 

„ Prss. Blanche of, 225 

„ see also 151, 182 
Oscar, Pr. (Prussia), 20 
Otho Fras. Jos., Archd. (Aust.), 163 
Parma— see 215 

Pawel-Rammingen, Bn. von, 95 
Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 187 
Philip, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 137 ; house, 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 183 
,, Albert, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 139 

King of, 151 
see also 221 
Preslav (Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 217 
Proskau-Leslie—see 127 
Prussia, Fredc. III. of, 14 ; house, 15-37 
,, Pr. Fredk. Leop. of, 283; house, 

„ William II. of, 15 ; house, 16-22 

„ see also 75 
Ilainer, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 192 
Reuss, Her. Pr. of, 262 : house, 263-6 

„ Prss. lieinrich XXX. of, 24 
[For Prince Luitpold see Directors-.] 
Robert, D. (Wurtemberg), 147 
Roumania, Pr. of, 174 ; house, 175-7 
Russia, Emp. of, 56; daughters, 57-60 

„ G. D. Sergius of, 50 

,, see also 62 and Directory 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 290 
Savoy, Prss. of, 150 
Su.xe-Altenburg—hee 87 
Saxe-Coburg, Dss. of, 62 ; house, 63-7 

„ Dow. Dss. of, 298 

„ Pr. Augustus of, 182 ; house 183-96 
Saxe-Meiningen, Her. Pr. of, 23 

„ Prss. Feodora of, 24 

„ George II. of, 289 ; house, 290-7 
Saxony, King of .157; house, 156-68 

,, Pr. John George of, 166 ; Prss. 146 
Schaumburg-Lippe, Pr. Adolphus of, 30 
Schleswig-Holst. , Pi\ Christian of, 68; 
house, 69-73 

„ see Holstein and note to Xo. 68 
Sergius, G. D. (Russia), 50 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary- Aldringen), 119 

„ D. (Bavaria), 212 
Sigismund, Pr. (Prussia), 27 
Soiihia, Archdss. (Austria), 207 

„ Ctss. (Kinsky), 118 

„ Prss. (Orleans), 22g 
Sparta, D. of, 32 • sons, 33-6 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 238 

„ Prss. (Hohenzollern), 179 
Tatiana, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 58 
Teck, D. of, 108 ; house, 106-13 
Theresa, Ctss. (Clary- Aldringen), 119 

,, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 194 
Thurn dt Taxis, Pr. of, 199 ; sons, 200-3 
Thyra, Dss. of Cumberland's 
Tirnova (Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of, 216 
Tuscany— see 157, 1S8 
Ulrich, D. ( Wurtemberg), 148 
" Valda," Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 
Venddme, Due de, 227 
Victor, Prss. (Hohenl.), 268 
Victoria, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 

„ „ von Oberndorff, 115 

„ Prss. of Battenberg, 45 

„ „ (Leiningen), 250 

„ ,, (Reuss), ^3 

,, „ (Schaumburg-L.), 30 

„ „ (Schleswig-Holst.), 71 

„ ,, (U.K.), 11 

„ Adel., Prss. (Holst.-Gl.), 276 

„ Alexandra, Prss. ( Wales), 5 

„ Constance, Prss. (TecA;), 110 

„ Eugenie, Prss. (Battenberg), 84 

„ Louisa, Prss. (Prussia), 22 

„ Margaret, do. (do.), 284 

„ Melita, G. Dss. of Hesse, 6s 

„ Patricia, Prss. (Connaught), 78 
Waldeck & Pyrmont—see 79 
Waldemar, Pr. (Prussia), 26 
Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, 123 
Wales, Pr. of, 2 

AVilliam, Her. Pr. of Hohemoll, 170 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, i6 
,, II., German Emperor, 15 
Windisch-Griitz, Pr. Otto zu, 239 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 234 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
Worth, D. of, 199 ; house, 200-3 
Wiirtembeiv, D- -Alex, of, 136 ; house, 

Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 93 


H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic : 

H.I.M. "William II., German Emperor , surviving cliildren 

H.R.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen 

H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia 

H.R.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe 

H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta ; 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse 

H.M. Edward VII. : 

H.R.H. George, Prince of Wales 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

H.R.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark 

H.R.H. the late Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse : 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Hemy above) 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse 

H.I.M. T^Jexandra, Empress of Russia 

H.R.H. the late Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : 

H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania 

H.R.H. Victoria Melita, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenbnrg 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein : 

H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 
H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. Princess Margaret of Connaught. 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught. 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 
H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 

H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck. 

H.R.H. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg. 
H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg : 

H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 

H.H. Princess Victoria Eugfcie of Battenberg. 

H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 

H.H. Prince Maurice of Battenberg. 

Total number of Thiid Generation , 46 


The rules furnished earlier on, with reference to the Descent of the Nobility, wiU enable any 
person to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only 1 
difference to be observed being that daughters are eligible for succession in order of their own ' 
seniority, but not till after the youngest of the sons. Thus after the Prince of Wales and his four 
sons would come his daughter; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children of the 
eldest in preference to the second sister ; then tbe second daughter of the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, 
his eldest daughter, now the Crown Princess of Roumania, having forraally renounced on her 
marriage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg branch, 
v/e treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thus exhausted the families of all her 
late Majesty's sons we turn to her daughters, beginning with the house of the late Empress Frederic, 
and thus, just beyond the 20th on the list, we arrive at the German Emperor, and at this point it 
may well appear that the investigation has gone far enough. It may, however, be worth noting that 
granddaughters who are descended from sons will by the above law take precedence of daughters 
even if these are older than those sons (the daughter of the late Duke of Albany ranking prior to 
the line of the late Empress Frederic), as well as precedence of such sons as are not older. Compare 
her late Majesty's succession in preference to the Duke of Cumberland. 




^ o 



3 O O K 

05 O 


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§ m 1 

1 s ^ 

s s 

S o 

s-i fer J2 

-dew S 

- m o3 3 

2-3 ° 
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O 4, 




Observations on Genealogical Table. 



! It will at once be noticed that the Hanover Line is here exliibited by thick lines, and that of 

i Saxe-Coburg by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the ist and 3rd j 
places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Frederick Duke 
of York, who died in 1827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Charlotte Princess Roj'al, who must 
be carefuUy distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 

I and first consort of King Leopold I., whose death in childbu'th (1817) c?vused such general regxet. 

• I Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two more daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Eliza- 

i i beth, then the Dukes of Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, and lastly the Princesses Mary, Sophia, 
! and EUzabeth, and the infant Princes Octavius and Alfred. To avoid overcrowding we have had to 
omit these five names from the table as well as those of the before-mentioned daughters. 

Turning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Peigning 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld from 1800 till his death in i8o5. He was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthony, Duke Ernest I, of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter jPrincipality , 
having been acquired by a famUy compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meiningen. The 
Duke died in 1844 and was followed by the elder of his two sons, Ernest Augustus Charles, Duke | 
Ernest II., the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke ! 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.R.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and ■ 
he in turn by his nephew the Duke of Albany. As elsewhere notified, the succession would . 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of "Wales (now King Edward VII.) as eldest son of the Prince 1 
Consort, the preceding Duke's brother ; but His Eoyal Higliness, as heir to the English throne, j 
had formally renounced his claim in 1863. j 
i Eeturning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess | 
j of Mensdorflf-Poiully and Duchess Alexander of Wiirtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand, i 
I whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, while the 2nd married a Princess of the Bourbon- j 

j Orleans House and the daughter became Duchess of Nemoiurs. Some of the descendants of these 
returned by marriage to Saxe-Coburg or passed to Saxony, HohenzoUem, Bavaria, or Austria, which 
States, with the already noted Belgium, Wiirtemberg, Portugal, and France, and others that might 

i be added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen, Mecklenburg, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, 
Bulgaria, Roumania, Russia, and Denmark, make up considerably the larger portion of Europe for 

I the regions into which ou.r present Royal Family has spread or from which its alliances have been 

j drawn. 

I Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Princesses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
table : the former, Princess Juliana, married the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, but after twenty- 
four years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
j child, the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
mentioned, who, after the death of the Princess Charlotte, mariied the eldest daughter of King Louis 
Philippe, by whom he became father of his present Majesty, King Leopold II. We have reserved 
for the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the Princess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late 
Majesty Queen Victoria, but in the first place wife of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 
I was Reigning Prince of Leiningen, and whose two children. Prince Charles Emich his successor and 
j Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents 
i j (especially the latter) of the extensive lines of fii'st cousins of His Majesty numbered 247-97 o*"" 
1 list of the Royal Relatives. 

I I After the death of Prince Emich Charles the Princess Victoria married the Duke of Kent, and their 
I only issue was our late Queen. By their marriage the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg 
i I were again united after the imhappy severing of their former alliance by the death of Princess 
j i Charlotte; but the subsequent union of her late Majesty with Prince Albert, son of Duke Ernest 
I I., effected a second amalgamation from which the two Houses have seemed to become practically ! 
1 identified. I 
! I The death of Queen Victoria occurred on the 22nd of Januar^% 1901, in the 82nd year of her age and 
i i the 64th of her reign— distinguished as being the longest in English history. The nearest approach 
I to it, that of George HI., was clearly short of 60, and it is singular that the only other Monarchs who 
I attained to a sovereignty of half a century were also both of them the third of their respective names— 
|i Henry III,, 56, and Edward III., 50. 



The system of alphahptical arrangement is carried consistently out, to the entire 
ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a single alphabet. We accord- 
ingly adopt the following order m cases of more than one person having the same 
surname or title : — First a surname standing alone (family name) ; then the titles of 
honour, in the alphabetical order — Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop, Count, Duke, 
Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord, Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Viscount 
(the ^vidoivs of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as "Baron," 
" Ba,ron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady" and " Lady " being used almost 
exclusively as references ; then follow those having a Christian name in the heading 
(chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain, Hon., Lady, Lord, Reverend, 
&c., being printed in small lettei's and wholly ignored in the alphabetising. A Baronet 
or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname Baronets are arranged in the alphabetical 
order of their topographical distinctions ; their widows similarly (but in one paragraph), 
and two or more of the same line in order of seniority ; Knights and their widows, in 
the order of their Christian names. The list under a simple surname is exhausted before 
the compounds of that name are commenced, and an arrangement is adopted which 
brings all the names of the same compound together. Compound names connected by a 
hyphen are ijlaced under the second or last name, unless some other is the only one in 
use; but titles (as " Castle Cuffe," " Mount Edgcumbe," " Saye and Sele," " Burdett- 
Coutts," which is title and name both, and such forms as " Egerton of Tatton " and 
"Willoughby de Broke") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencmg 
with St., De, Le, Van, &c., stand under the respective prefixes. " M' " is treated as if 
spelt Mac, and ' ' St. " as Saint. See for illustration the Preliminary List under 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. 

Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of former Peers are omitted. " Heir to 
Dukedom, " or other leading title, implies as a rule heir to all the titles borne ; when 
j otherwise it is so stated. The expressions, " Title of heir when a son " and "Title of 
! eldest son " of course refer only to sons of the existing Peer. In the Indexes to surnames 
the same person is often repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names — 
I sim]3ly because the first is not always the one in conventional use. The addition 
sep. implies a separate entry under the surname. 

Under Bai^onets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in italics in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a surviving \vidow of an extinct line, or 
where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Bailey and Baillie). 

Under Knights, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed in higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate tlie date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir." Native Indian and Honorai-y Companions of Orders 
(also Hon. C.V.O.'s and generally now most Honorary Knights) are not inserted. 
Military Knights and Companions marked {e.g.) "D.S.O. (1900-1) " wei^e so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen. 

One Club is given (if known) when there is no other address. 

I The " Cautions as to Spelling of Titles &c." \v'ill now be found at the close of the Introduction immediately 
1 before Royal Family. 





ABADIE, Capt, Eustace Henry Egremont, 
).S.O. (1900-1), gth Lancers ; S. Africa 1899-1900 : 
!•• 1877. 

j ABADIE, Maj.-Gen. Henry Richard, C.B. 
jMH. 1891), Abyss. 1867-8 and Afghn. i87&-8o, 
ite Lt.-Gov. of Jersey, ret. 1904, is Hon. Col. 
:a(iet Corps of Chann. Islds. MiL : b. 1841 . 
ABBOT, family name of Colchester Barony, 
^0 issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenterden Barony, 

To issue retaining the name, 
ABBOTT, Knight's Widow, Lady J. (Edith, 

.au. of Jas, Solomon, Esq.), mar. 1883, as 2nd wife. 

Ion. Sir Jos. Palmer Abboit, K.C.M.G., formerly 

Speaker of Legisl.Assemb.N.S.W. (d. 1901). Res., 

?arella, St. Leonard's, Sydney, 
I ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Frederick William, D.S.O. 
11902), N.Z. Rough Riders; S. Afiica 1900-2: 
! 1. 1865. -Ses., Abbot's Rd., Mt. Eden, Auckland. 

ABBOTT, Col. Henry Alexius, C.B. (Mil. 
;898), LA., Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 2nd 

liranzai, Tirah 1897-8 : b. 1849. 
! ABBOTT, Col. Herbert Edward Stacy, 
p.S.O. (1896), R.E., Afghn. 1879-81, Hazara 1888: 

nd 1891, and Chitral Relief; Supt. EBgr. in 
j*unjab Works Dept.: b. 1855. 
ABDUL KARIM, C.V.O. (1899), CLE. (1895),, 

ite Ind. Sec. to Queen Victoria, prev. an Ind. 
ilovt. clerk : b. 1863, -^es., in India. 
! ABDY, Baronet. Sir William Nevillk; 
\^Uy, 2nd at. {U.K. 1850), High Sheriff of Essex. 
1 884, has been a student interpreter in China :. 
ian of 1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1877, mar. 1902, and 
; dfe, Eliza Sarah, dau, of Oscar W. Beach, Esq. 

Uir pres., his bro. Capt. Anthony Charles Syke& 
; '. (b. 1848, mar. follg. 1886 ; 2nd heir, next bro.,. 

[enry Beadon, b. 1853). Seat, Albyns. Romford^ 
llssex ; town res., 66 Cadogan Sq., S.W, 
j ABDY, Hon. Mrs, Anthony, dau. of 4th Bn. 
I lacdonald, and -wife of above heir to Btcy, 

A BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady A B.. 
I Susannah Emily, dau. of the late Benj. Eccleston,, 
I sq.), mar, 1864 Sir Albert ^ Beckett, Kt, Bach.. 
I ust created), of the War Office (d, 1904), Bes.,, 
Brompton Sq,, S.W, 

ABERCORN, Duke of. 3 xu^ii Hamilton, 2ndi 
Duke (Irel.), sitfi as 3rd Marq. of A. {Gt. Br.) 
and is 11th Earl of A. (Scot.) , also Due de Chatel- 
herault {J^rance) ; K.G. (1892), P.C. {Irel. 1887), 
C.B. (Civ. 1885), M.A., Head of the House of 
Hamilton, Groom of the Stole to H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales (formerly Lord of the Bed- 
chamber to H.M. when holding that title) ; Lieut, 
of Co.' Donegal and a C.C. for Tyrone, an 
M.P. 1860-80 (as Vise, and aftds. Marq. of 
Hamilton), Hon. Col. North of Ireld. Imper. 
Yeom. : son of 1st D. ; b. Aug. 24, 1838; sue. 
1885 (C\);.mar. 1869 Lady Mary Anna Curzon, 
dau. of 1st Earl Howe, Seat, Boron's Ct., New- 
town Stewart, Co. Tyrone ; town res., Hampden 
House, 61 Green St., Grosvenor Sq., W, 


i Creations. Ird. : Ld. Hamilton, Bn. of Strabane, 
j 3617 ; Vise. Strabaue and Bn. Mountcastle, 1701 : D. 

■of Abercorn and M. of Hamilton, i863. Scot. : Ld. of 
I i'aisley, 1587 ; Ld. of Abercorn, 1603 ; E. of Abercorn, 
' and Ld. of Hamilton, Mountcastle, and Kil- 
I ])atrick, 1606. Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of 
I Abercorn, 1790. France : Due de Chatelherault, iS49 
j (see that art.).— Among the ancestors of this line were 

■ the Scottish Earls of Arran (title now passed to the 
' Duke of Hamilton) ; of these the 2nd Earl is notable as 
I having, in 1543, been made heir to the throne of 

Scotland, whilst his successor sought the hand of Mary 
! Queen of Scots, and became insane on rejection. The 

4th son of the and Earl was given the Paisley Lordship. 
; and his successor was made Lord and afterwards Earl of 

■ Abercorn, with the accompanying titles of 1606. The 
J brother of the 3rd Earl of Arran was created Marq. of 
j Hamilton, and the 3rd Marquess Duke of the same: 
\ he however was executed for support of Charles I., and 
! the and Duke was slain at the Battle of Worcester. The 

I Hamilton Dukedom now became a separate Peei-age, 

passing by the terms of remainder to the ist Duke's 
' sister. Lady Aim Hamilton (see that line). A collateral 
i ithus came to represent the older line in the person of 
\ the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, who, having also been made 
i ist Lord Hamilton of Strabane, was the first in the 
\ Ihouse to hold an Irish title in this distinctly Scottish 

family ; the 6th Earl, who resided mostly in Ireland, 
'■ w;as promoted to be Vise. Strabane in the same Peerage. 
; His father, the ist Earl and Bn. Abercorn, was son of 

the ist Ld. of Paisley and nephew of the 3rd Earl of 
; Aoran. Tlie ist Duke of Abercorn was Lord Lieutenant 
/ ©f Ireland : he was the loth Scottish Earl, the 8th 
, Jiaving received the British title of Vise. Hamilton, and 

the 9th that of Marq. of Abercorn. 




Directory of Peerage, 


TttLED liliLATiVKS. 

Issur. of present [-ZHd) D.: 

Mar(J. of H amilton, heil- to Dukedom : Jamea Albert 
Edward H., M.I'. for Londonderry City (C.) and 
Trcafi. of the Honsehd^ Jla,]. North of Ireld. Imper. 
Yeorn., late Capt. ist Life Gds. : b. 1869, mar. 1894 
Lady Hosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, dau. of 
4th E. of Lucan. iles., 15 Montagu Sq., W. lame: 

Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia //., b. 1896. 

Lady Cynthia Eleanor Beatrix H., b. 1897. 

Lady Katharine H., b, 1900. 

Lord Faisljy, 2nd heir: James Edward //., 
b. 1904. 

The deceased Lord Claud Penn Alexander J7., b. 
& d. 1871. 

The deceased Lord Cliarles b. & d. 1874. 
Lady Alexandra Phyllis //., b. 1876. 
. The deceased Lord Ciaud Francis //., b. & d. 1878. 
Lady Gladys Mary //., now Ctss. of Wicklow, b. i83o, 

mar. 1902 7th Earl of q.v. 
Lord Arthur John II., Lieut. Irish Gds., b. 18S3. 
A deceased son, b. & d. i885. 
Lord Chaud Nigel //., h. 1889. 

Surviving issue of 1st D. (bros. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

Lady Harriet Georgiana Louisa, now Dow. Clss. of 
Lichneld (q.v.), h. 1834, mar. 1855 2nd Earl of L. 
(d. 1352). 

Lady Louisa Jane, now Dchss. of BiiccleiicJi, V.A., b. 
1836, mar. 1859 ^th Duke of B., q.v. 

(Present Dukk, b. 1338.) 

Ladj^ Georgiana Susan, nov,' Clss. Winterton, b. 1841, 
mar. 1882 5th Earl W., q.v. 

Lord Claud John H., Hon. . Col. 5th Batt. Roy. 
Innisk. Fus. (Mil.), Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus', 
and Hish Steward of Yarmouth, formerly Capt. 
(jren. Gds., an A.D.C. to Queen Victoria and the 
Lord Lieut, of Ireld., a Jun. Lord of Treas. 1868, 
an M.P. IS&S-38 : b. 1843, mar. 1878 Carolina, dau. of 
the late Edwd. S. Chandos-Pole, Esq. (Lady Claud 
John H.). Res., 4 Hans Mansions, Chelsea, 8.W. 

Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis //., M.P., b. 1845, see 
"HamiUon, Priv. Counc." 

Lady Albertha Prances Anne 11., formerly Mcliss. of 
Blandjord, and often still so called incorrectly : 
b. 1847, mar. 1869, as ist wife, the Maf(i. of B., but 
obtd. divorce shortly before his succession as 8th 
D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute a few 
weeks after succession) : is mother of the present 
Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Lady Maud Evelyn, novir Mchss. of Lansdoivne, V.A., 
C.L : b. 1850, mar. 1869 sth Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer H., an M.P. 1885-6 and 1892-5, 
has been Sec. to Brit. Embassies or Legations at 
Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos Aires, 
late Editor of the Pall Mall Magazine : b. i8s&. 
Res., Baron's Ct., Newtown Stewart, Co. Tyrone; 
13 Gt. College ti>., Westmr., S.W. 

Lord Ernest Wiruam//.,formci-ly Capt. iith Hussars, 
an M.P. 1S85-92 : b. 1858, mar. 1891 Pamela Louisa 
Augusta Ambrose, dau. of Capt. Fredc. A. Camp- 
bell (Lady Ernest //.). Res., Shantock Hall, 
Bovingdon, Hemel Hempstead, Herts. 

ABERCORN, Duke's Widow. Dowager 
DucHKSS OF A., V.A., ri^e Lady Louisa Jane 
Bussell, dau. of 6th D. of Bedford, b. 1812, mar. 
1832 1st D. of Abercorn (d. 1885). lies., Coates 
Castle, Fittleworth, Sussex. 

ABERCROMBY, family name of following 

ABERCROMBY, Baron. Georoe Ralph 
Campbell Ahercrombt/, 4th Bn. {U.K.), late 
a D.L for Stirlmgsh. : son of 3rd Ba. ; b. 
Sept. 23, 1838 ; sue. 1852 [L.U.) : mar. 1858 Lady 
j Julia Janet Georgiana Dimcan, V.A., dau. of 2nd 
E. of Camperdown. Seats, Fern Tower, Crieff, 
I Pei-thsh. ; Tullibody Castle, Clackmannan ; town 
I ?'es., 14 Grosvenor St., W. (The Lady Aber- 

cromby, 39 Charles St., Berkeley Sq_., W., with 
her bro. the Earl of Camperdown.) 

Creation-. Bn. Abercromby, U.K. 1801.— Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in i3oi. 

Titled R.klatives. 

Surviving issue of 3?-d Bn. (bro. and sist. of 
present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Ctss. of Glasgow, q.v., 

b. 1835, mar. 1856 6th Earl of G. (d. 1890). 
(Present Baron, b. 1838.) 

Hon. John A., heir pres. to Barony, formerly Capt. 
Highl. Bord. Mil. and Lieut. Rifle Brigade : b. 1841, 
mar. 1876 Adele W. M. von Heidenstam, but 
obtained divorce 1879. Res., 32 Pahnerston PI., 
Edinburgh. (No snd heir.) 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet. Sir George 
William Ahercromhjj ,?,th.m. {Scot. 1636), Chief of 
the Abercromby Clan, and Lieut. 3rd Batt. Gord. 
Highldrs. (Mil.): son of 7th Bt., b. i886, sue. 
1895. Heir pres., his bro. Robert Alexander 
(b" 1895 ; 2nd heir, their uncle Ca.ptaiii George 
Cosmo yl., b. 1854). Siiats, Eirkenbog, Banffsh., 
nr. Turriff; Forglen House, ditto {Jet) \ Fermoy, 
Co. Cork ; Castle Doua-las, Kirkcudbts. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Vctss. Baring — see under " Northbrook.'' 

ABERDARE, Baron. HenryCamfbell Bruce, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., a D.L. for Glamorgan, 
late Lt.-Col. 3rd Yol. Batt. Welsh Regt. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. June 10, 1851 ; sue. 1895 {L.) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of Ilamilton Beckett. 
Esq. Seats, Dviffryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorg. ; 
Longwood, Winchester; town 83 Eaton Sq.. 

Creation. Bn. Aberdare, U.K. 1873.— The ist Bn. had 
been Home Sec. in Jlr. Gladstone's flrst Jlinistry. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Henrv Lvndhukst B., heir to Barony, 

Lieut. 3rd Batt. Hants. Regt. (Mil.) : b. i83i. 
Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Visctss. Newport, b. 1S82, 
mar. 1904 Vise. N., eld. son and heir of 4th B. of 

Hon. Clarence Napier B., 2nd heir, b. 1SC5. 

Tlie deceased Violet B., b. & d. 18S7. 

Hon. John Hamilton B., b. 18S9. 

Hon. Eva Isabel Marian B., b. iQoz. 

Hon. Constance Pamela Alice B., b. 1895. 

Hon. Victor Austin B., b. 1897. 

The deceased Hon. Robert B., b. & d. 1898. 

Svrviving issve of 1st Bn. (sists., haif-bros., and 
half-sists. of present Bn.) : j 
Bv 1ST jiuuge. ! 

Hon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vernon- Harcourt, b. 1848, mar. 1872 Aug. Geo. 
V.-H., Esq. Res., St. Clare, Rydo, I.W. 

Hon. Jessie Frances, now Hon. Mrs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 1840, mar. 1878 Rev. Jno. Wm. \V.-J. 
Res., Llanbeblig Vic, Carnarvon. 

(Present Baron, b. 1851.) 
By 2ND mrrge. 

Hon. Caroline Louisa B., b. 1855. Res., Pen Pole 
House, Shirehampton, Bristol. 

Hon. Sarah Napier, now Hon. Mrs. Montague Miiir 
Mackenzie, b. 1856, mar. 1888 Mont. Johnstonf 
M.-M., Esq., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt j>/.-3f., 211c 
Bt. Res. ,21 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W., and with preceding 

lion. William Napier B., barrister-at-law, Princ 
Assist. Sec. Educ. Bd., memb. of Court of Univ. 0: 
Wales : b. 1858, mar. 1883 Emily, dau. of the lati 
Gen Sir Wm. M. S. MacMurdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs 
William B.). jRes.,34 Leinster Gdns., Bayswater,W 

Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion Russell 
h. i860, mar. 1887 Champ. Branfill R., Esq. Res. 
Stubbers, North Ockendon, Romford, Essex. 

Hon. Elizabeth Fox, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Matheaon 
b. 1861, mar. 1896 Percy Ewing M., Esq. Bes. 
Savile Rd., Oxford. 


J^aronetage, Knightage, d'c. 



Ken, Pamela GeorginaB.,b. 1862. jRes.,2S2 Banbury 
Rd., Oxford. 

Hon. Charles Granville 1?^ M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 

Maj. I.A., served with Tirah Expedn. 1897-8; b. 

1866, mar. 1894 Finetta Madeline Julia, dau. of Col. 

Sir Edwd. F. Campbell, 2nd Bt. of Thames 

Ditton (Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore B., Vice-Princ. of Somerville 

Coll. Oxford, b. 1867. 

ABEEDEEN, Bishop of. Kt. Eev. Hon. 
Arthur Gascoigne Douglas, D.D., D.C.L., Bp. of 
Aberd. and Orkney : son of 19th E. of Morton 
and uncle of present Peer, b. 1827, cons. 1883, 
mar. 1855 Anna Maria Harriet, dau. of the late 
Richd. Richards, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Arthur D.). 
Res., Bishop's Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN, Earl of. Johx Campbell 
Gordon, 7th Earl {Scot.) and a Bt., sits as 
i Vise. Gordon {U.K.); P.O. {Gt. Br. 1886), 
I G.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L. ; Lord 
! Lieut, of Aberdeensh. and a D.L. for Co. of 
j City of Aberdeen ; late Gov.-Gen. of Canada 
! and has been Lord-Lieut, of Ireland, and 
\ five years Lord High Commissr. to Ch. of 
1 Scotld., is Hon. Col. 1st Aberdnsh. Vol. Artill. : 
son of 5th E., bro. of 6th, and grandson of the 
I Premier of 1852-5; b. Aiig. 3, 1847; sue. 1870 
j {L.) ; dropped name of Hamilton 1900; mar. 1877 
Hon. Ishbel Maria Marjonlanlis, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Tweedmouth, Seats, Haddo House, Aberdeen; 
The Lodge, Tarland, Aboyne R. S.O . , Aberdeensh. ; 
Coldstream Ranch, Brit. Columbia ; town res., 58 
Grosvenor St., W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1642 ; E. of Aberdeen, Vise. 
Formartine, and Bn. Haddo, MetMic, Tarves, and 
Kellie, 1682. U.K. : Vise. Gordon, 1814,— Associated in 
origin with the house of Huntly. The ist Earl was Lord 
Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th Earl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {jth) E. (name Gordon) : 

Lord Haddo, heir to Earldom : George G., a D.L. 

for Aberdeensh., b. 1879. 
Lady Marjorie Adeline, now Lady M. Sinclair, b. 1880, 
mar. 1904 Capt. John S., M.P. Res., 101 Mount 
St., W. 

The deceased Lady Dorothea Mary G., b. & d. 1882. 
Hon. Dudley Gladstone (?., 2nd heir, Capt. 2nd A'ol. 

Batt. Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Archibald Ian G., b. 1884. 

Surviving issue of^thE. (sists. of present and 6th): 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1841, lost at sea 1870, unmrrd. ) 
Lady Mary, now The Lady Folwarth, b. 1844, mar. 

1863 8th Bn. P., a. V. 
(Present Earl, b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady H. Lindsay, b. 1849, mar. 
1870 Wm. Alex. L., Esq., K.C., Windsor Herald. 
R^, Deer Pk., Honiton, Devon ; 17 Cromwell Rd., 

Lady Katherine Eliza, now The Lady Balfour of 
Burleigh, b. 1852, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.v. 

Issue of ^th E. (uncle of present ; name Hamilton- 
Gordon, so the preceding list bef. mrrge.) : 
(The late sth Earl, b. 1816, d. 1864.) 
Bn. Stan'more,q,.v., b. 1829, formerly Hon. Sir Arthur 
H.-G., G.C.M.G., whose family is thus a branch of 
that of Aberdeen. 
— D aus. -in-law : 

Hon. Lady H.-G., see "Gordon, H.-, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Ellen Susan Anne H.-G., n4e Douglas, dau. of 
19th E. of Morton, b. 1824, mar. 1851 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Douglas H.-O., Canon of Salisbury (d. 
1901). Res., The Close, Salisbury. 

ABERDOUR, Lord {bj/ courtes!/— title, Scot. 
1458), eld. son and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABERGAVENNY {pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
quess OF. "William Nevill, ist Marq. {U.K.), 
K.G. (1885), Lord-Lieut, of Sussex and Hon. Col. 

W. Kent Imper. Yeom. and Suss. Imper. Yeom., 
formerly in and Life Gds. : son of 4th Earl of A. ; 
b. Sept. 16, 1826; sue. as 5th Earl 1868, cr. Marq. 
1876 {C.) ; mar. 1848 the late Caroline, dau. of Sir 
Jolm Vanden-B.- Johnstone, and Bt. (she died 
1892). Seats &c.. Bridge Castle, Sussex, nr. 
Tunb. Wells; Nevill Ct., Abergavenny, Monm. ; 
9 Chichester Terr., Brighton; town res., 64 
Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke fifst uses the form Abergavenny 
under the 9th Bn., sue. 1622). Gt. Br.: E. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K. : M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The ist Bn. Bergavenny 
was son of the ist Earl of Westmorland and uncle of 
the famous " King-Maker," Earl of Warwick. The isth 
Bn, was created Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {ist) 31.: 

The deceased Hon. Caroline LouisatiV., b. 1849, d. 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady Cicely Gathorne- 
Hardy, b. 1831, mar. 1872 Col. Hon. Chaa. Gathorne 
G.-H., son of 1st E. of Cranbrook, q.v. 

Earl of Lewes, heir to Marquessate : Reginald 
AVilliam Bransby N., formerly Lieut. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, b. 1853. 

Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph JV., 2nd heir, Maj. 
Suss. Imper. Yeomanry : b. 1854, mar. 1886, 2nd 
wife, Maud Augusta, dau. of Wm. Beckett, Esq., 
M.P. (Lady Henry N.). Res., Bridge Castle, Tunb. | 
Wells ; 64 Eccleston Sq., S.W. | 

Lord George Montacute iV., a D.L. for Sussex, j 
formerly Lieut. W. Kent Militia : b. 1856, mar. 1882 
Florence Mary, dau. of Temple Soanes, Esq. (Lady I 
George iV.). Res., Dane Gate House, Eridge.Tunb. ! 
Wells. I 

The late Lady Alice Maud, aftds. Morland, b. 1858, d. ; 
1898, having mar. 1884 Maj. Henry Courtenay M. 

Lord William Beauchamp N., formerly Lieut. W. 
Kent Militia and A.D.C. to Viceroy of Ireland : b. 
i860, mar. 1889 Luisa Maria Carmen de Murrieta, 
dau. of .Marq. de Santurce (Lady Wm. N. : res., 
72 Eaton PI., S.W.). 

Lord Richard Plantagenet N., B.A., a D.L. for 
Sussex, was A. D. C. to Lord Tennyson in Australia 
and Priv. Sec. to late Govs, of Victoria and N.S. 
Vfales, formerly to Vise. Cranbrook : b. 1862. Club, 

Lady Idina Mary, now Lady I. Brassey, h. 1865, 

mar. 1889 Hon. Thos. Allnutt B., son and heii; of 

xst Bn. Brassey, q.v. 
Lady Rose, now Ctss. of Cottenham, b. 1866, mar., 

ist, 1887, Jno. B. Leigh, Esq., who obtd. divorce 

1899 ; 2udly, 1899, 4th Earl of C, q.v. 
Lady Violet, now Lady V. Myddelton, but adhering 

to the title Ctss. Cowley, b. 1866 (twin with Lady 

Rose), mar., ist, 1889, 3rd Earl Cowley, but obtd. 

divorce 1897 ; 2ndly, 1898, Robt. Edwd. M., Esq. 

Res., Church Leys, Rearsby, Leicester. 

Surviving issue of ^th E. (bro. and sista. of pre- 
sent M.) ; 
(Present Marquess and 5th Earl, b. 1826.) 
Lady Henrietta Augusta, now Lady Augusta Lloyd- 

Mostyn, b. 1830, mar. 1855 the late Hon. Thos. E. 

Mos^n Ll.-M. (d. 1861), son of 2nd Bn. Mostyn, q.v. 
Lady Isabel Mary Frances, aiow Lady I. Bligh, b. 

1831, mar. 1854 Hon. Edwd. Vesey B., son of sth E. 

of Darnley, q.v. 
Hon. Ralph Pelham iV., formerly Capt. W. Kent 

Yeomanry, is a D. L. for the Co., High Sheriff 

1896: b. 1832, mar. i860 Louisa Marianne, dau. of 

Sir Chas. F. Maclean. 9th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. Ralph iV.). 

Res., Birling Manor, Maidstone ; 9 Basil St., 

Sloane St., S.W. 
Widow of a cousin of present M, : 

Lady Dorothy Fanny N., d Lady D. F. Walpole, 

dau. of 3rd £. of Orford, b. : 826, mar. 1847 the late 

Regd. Hy. N., Esq., . ne; hi,w of 2nd E. and 1 

cous. once rem. of present M. (he died 1878). es. 

45 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

{Scot. 1633) — see "Hamilton, D. of." 


loo ABE Directory 

{Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABERRUTHVEN &C.,'Baron [Scot. 1707)— see 
"Montrose, D. of." 
I ABINGDON", Earl of, Montagu Arthur 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7th Earl {Eng.), a D.L. 
for Berks, and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Berks. 
Regt. (IVIil.), is heir pres. to the Lindsey Earl- 
dom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 13, 1836; sue. 
1884 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late Caroline 
Theresa, dau. of Chas. Towneley, Esq. (she died 
1873) ; andly, 1883, Gwendeline Mary, dau. of 
Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas. C. Dormer, K.C.B., and 
sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, Wytham 
Abbey, Oxford. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Norreys, 157a by writ ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The ist Bn. Norreys or Norris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
3rd Baron obtained the Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {'Jth) E.: 


j Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund Talbot, h. 

1839, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard T., M.P., son 

of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 
! Lord Norrevs, heir to Earldom : Montague Charles 
I Francis Towneley-Btrtie, a D.L. for Berks., formerly 

j Capt. 3rd Batt. Berks. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. 

Africa 1900 : b. i860, mar. 1885 Hon. Rose Rivers- 
) dale Glyn, sist. of 4th Bn. Wolverton, and granted 

j the rank of a Bn.'s dau. : has assumed the addit. 

name of Towneley. Res.,z Norfolk Cresc, Edgware 

Rd., W. Issue: 
\ Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., b. 1886. 

Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 
5 heir to Earldom, b. 1887. 

j The deceased Hon. Artliur John B., b. 1861, d. 1862. 
I Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Keyntiens, b.. 
I X865, mar., ist, 1890, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal,, 

j K.C.M.6. (d. 1894); zndly, 1807, Comdt. Reyntiens,, 

I A. D.C. to the King of the Belgians, iies., Brussels., 

I The late Lady Cecil Josephine, aftds. Kenna, b. 1873 , 
d. 1895, having in that year mar. Maj. Paul K. 


Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary B., b. 1885. 
Hon. Arthur Michael B., b. 1886. 
Lady Betty Constance Mary B., b. 1895. 
Hon. James Willoughby B., b. 1901. 

Issue of 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1836. ) 
Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1838. 
Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. Bickersteth, b. 

1843, mar. 1883 Root. B., Esq., son of 2nd Bp. of 

Ripon. Res., 70 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 
Rt. Hon. and Hon. Sir Francis Leveson B., G.C.V.O.,, 

b. 1844, see "Bertie, P.C." 
Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A., b. 1846, 

mar. 1881 Lady Caroline Elizabeth McDonnell, dau , 

of loth E. of Antrim. Res., Gedling Rect., Not^ 


Lady Frances Evelyn B., a nun, b. 1848. Res., Corn- 
Tent of the Visitation, Harrow-on-the-HiU. 

Hon. George Aubrey Vere B., foi'merly Lt.-Col. 
ist Batt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in Zulu War 1879 : 
b. 1850. mar. 1885 Harriet Blanche Elizabeth (Hon.. 
Mrs. Geo. B.), dan. of Sir Walter R. Farquhar, ardl 
Bt. Res., Maresfield, E. Cowes, I.W. 

Hon. Charles Claude B., formerly Lieut. 47th Footj 
b. 1851, widower. 

Hon. Reginald Henry B., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Col.,lat<( 
comdg. 2nd Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus., served in Cretf 
1897-8, China 1900, ret. 1904 : b. 1856, mar. 189 e 
Lady Amy Evelyn Coiirtenay, dau. of the latei 
Ld. Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Devon. Club., 
Nav. and Mil. 

— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Feodorowna Cecilia i?., wde Wellesley, dau. of 
ist Earl Cowley and wife of Bt. Hon. Sir Pras. B^ 
Lady Caroline Eliz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 
Lady Amy Evelyn B., see Hon. Reginald. 

ABINGER, Baron. Shelley Leopold Lau- 
rence Scarlett, 5th Bn. {U.K.), Capt. in 3rd Batt. 

of Peerage, AOti 

Beds. Regt. (Mil.), late Hon. Attach^ at Stocks 
holm : son of Lt.-Col. J. Y. 0. Scarlett, gt. grand- 
son of 1st Bn., and a 2nd cousin of 4th b. April 
1, 1872; sue. 1903 (C.) ; mar. 1899 Lila Lucy 
Catherine Marj% dau, of the late Rt. Hon. Sir Wm, 
A. White, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., and widow of M. de 
Geijer. Seat, Inverlodhy Castle, Kingussie, Inver-* 
ness-sh.; res., Boscombe Manor, Bournemouth. 

Creation. Bn. Abinger, U.K. 1835.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of ^rd Bn. (2nd cousins of present) : 

Hon. Ella Campbell, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Synge, 
b. 1864, mar. 1901 Lieut. Percy Hamilton S. 

Hon. Helen Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1883, wid. 1892. 

Hon. Evelina, now Hon. Mrs. John Haverfield, 
b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd husb. , Maj. Jno. 'Ry.Balguy, 
R. A., but re-assumed the name of her former bus- 
band. Bes., Weyhill, Andover, Hants. 

(The late 4th Baron b. 1871, d. 1903.) 

Dau. of 27idBn. (ist cous. once rem. of present) : 

(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1892.) 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Smith, 
b. 1828, mar. 1857 Rev. Sidney Lidderdale S., Canon 
of Hereford. Res., Brampton Ash Rect., Mkt. 
Harborough, Leic. ; The Close, Hereford. 

Heir pres. to Barony (a bro.) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1872.) 

Robert Brooke Campbell S., Esq., b. 1876. Rea., 
Boscombe PL, Bournemouth. (2nd heir, next bro., 
Hugh Richard, b. 1878, Lieut. R.A.) 

ABINGER, Baron's "Widow, The Lady A, 
(Helen, dau. of Commodore Geo. A. Magruder, 
of the U.S. Navy), mar, 1863 3rd Bn, (d, 1892), 
Bes., Redford House, Ockley, Dorking; 46 
Cornwall Gdns,, S. Kens., S.W. 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William db 
AVivELESLiE Ahney, K.C.B. (Civ. 1900), R.E. 
rctd., D.C.L,, D.Sc, F.R.S., Sclent. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educ, Past Pres. of Roy. Astronom., 
Phys.,and Roy. Photog. Socs., is a Capt. Res. of 
Officers : b. 1843, mar. 1889. 2nd wife, Mary 
Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. Mead, D.D., 
of U.S.A. Bes., Measham Hall, Ashby-de-la- 
Zouch, Leic. ; Rathmore Lodge, Bolton Gdns, 
Sth., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl op {Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M. of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABYSSINIA (or Ethiopia), the Emperor 
OF. H.I.M. Menelik n., G.C.B. (Hon, Mil. 
1902), G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1897) : b. 1843. 

ACHESON {pron. Aitcheson), family name of 
GosFORD Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 

ACHESON, Viscount {hy courtesy) , elder son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Acheson 
{U.K. 1847} is a title of the Earldom, but "Vise. 
Acheson" is substituted for "Vise, Gosford," 

ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tuam." 

ACKROYD, Knight's Widow, Lady A. (Mary, 
dau. of the late Hy. Lucas, Esq.), mar. 1880 Sir 
Edward Jas. Ackroyd, Kt. Bach, (d. 1904). Res., 
14 Fourth Avenue, Hove, Brighton, 

ACLAND, Baronet of Columh John (loe. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Aclond, 12th 
Bt. {Eng. 1645 N-s.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Co. 
Aid. for Devon (High Sheriff 1903-4), a D.L, for 
Devon and Somerset, and Dep, Warden of the 
Stannaries, formerly Maj. and Hon, Lt.-Col. 1st 
Devdh Yeom., Secretary to Bd, of Trade in 1886, 
an M.P. 1882-92, and for a time 2nd Church Estates 
Commissr, : son of 11th Bt,, b, 1842, sue. 1898, 

ACL Baronetage, Knightage, &c. ADA loi 

mar, 1879 Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. Walrond, 
tst Bt. Heir pres., his bro., the under-mentioned 
Rt. Hon. Arthur Herbert Dyke A. (,2nd heir, 
latter's son, Francis Dyke, b. 1874) . <Sea<5,Killerton, 
Exeter ; Holnicote, Taiinton. 

ACLAND, Baronet of Oxford. Vice-Adm. 
Sir "William Alison Dyke Acland, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 
1890), C.V.O. (1903), Assoc. Inst. Nav. Architects, 
was attached to Chilian Army in war with Peru 
!i88o-i, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8, late 
'a, Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 2nd m comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd. : 
5on of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin of above Bt. of 
Columb John ; b. 1847, sue. 1900, mar. 1887 the 
under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
3on William Henry Dyke (b. 1888; 2nd heir, 
lext eon, Hubert Guy Dyke, b. 1890). 

ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 
ind dau. of Vctss. Hambleden. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. Kt. Hon, Arthur 
Herbert Dyke ^cZa??(^,P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), M. A., 
m M.P, 1885-98, and has beenVice-Pres, Cmttee, 
pf Coimc, onEducation, Princ. of Oxford Mil. Coll. 
i Cowley), and Senior Bursar of Balliol Coll. : 2nd 
jon of late Rt. Hon. Sir Thos. D, Acland, 11th 
Bart, of Columb John, and bro. and heir pres, of 
present Bart, ; b, 1847, Ki^r, 1873. Ees., 2 "Wea- 
Donness Pk., Scarborough ; 28 Cheyne "Walk, 
,::iielsea, S.W. 

j ACLAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau, of Vctss, 

i A'COURT (a'C), Lt. -Col. Charles, C.M.G, 
1 1901), late Rif. Brig.; Afghn., Nile 1898, and 
p. Africa 1900 : b. 1858, Ees., 29 Victoria Rd,, 
Jens., "W. 

A'COURT (a'C), HOLMES-, family name of 
Jeytesbury Barony, q,v, for "Hons," 

ACTON, Baron. Richard Maximilian 
Dal berg - Acton, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt,, 
|VI.V,0. (4th Class, 1901), a 2nd Sec. in Diplom. 
I serv. : son of 1st Bn. ; b, Aug, 7, 1870 ; sue. 1902 
II, ?) ; mar. 1904 Dorothy, dau. of T, H, Lyon, 
"5sq, No heir to Barony ; heir pres. to Baronetcy, 
13rd cousin, Edward Acton, Esq, (b, 1857; 2nd 
leir, latter's 1st coasin Alfred, b, 1867), Seat, 
lydenham Pk,, Bridgnorth, Salop ; offic. res., Brit, 
pegat,, Berne, 

1 Creations, A Bt. Eng. 1644, Bn. Acton, U.K. 1869.— 
I 'he ist Peer, an M.P, and K.O.V,0., was Regius Pro- 
; essor of Modern History at Cambridge, and a Lord-in - 
' Waiting to Queen Victoria, 

Titled Relatives. 
■urviving issue of i8< Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon, Mary Elizabeth Anue, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 
Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 
Bleiddian H. 

Hon, Anne Mary Catherine Georgiana D.-A., b. 
I ;868, 

g RESENT Baron, b. 1870.) 
on, Jeanne Marie B.-A., b. 1876. 

ACTON, Baron's Widow, The Lady A. 
! Ctss, Marie Arco-Valley, of Munich), mar, 1865 
\:<t Bn. (see under Creations; d, 1902), Res., 
'egemsee, BaA'aria, 

\ ACTON, DALBERG-, family name of above, 
i ACUTT, Ernest Leslie, C,M,G, (1902), Mayor 
I f Durban, NataL in year of promotion : b, 1855, 
ACWORTH, Harry Arbuthnot, CI E. (1895), 
l omb, C, 8. retd. ; barrister-at-law, Munic, Com- 
;iissr, of Bombay 1890-6, founded Matonga 
jicper Asylum, has written Ballads and other 
1 otks : b, 1849. Res., The Benhams, Malvern. 
1 ADAIR, Baronet. Sir Frederick Edward 
[hafto Adair, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1838), formerly 

Capt, Rifle Brigade : son of 3rd Bt., b. i860, sue. 
1902, Heir pres., his bro. Robert Shafto (b. 
1862 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Allan Henry Shafto, 
b. 1897). Seats, Flixton Hall, Bungay, Suffolk; 
Adair Lodge, Aldeburgh, same Co. ; The Castle, 
Ballymena, Co. Antrim, 

*#* The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Adair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron Waveney in 1873, a title which became extinct 
upon his death in 1886. 

ADAIR, Baronet's Widow. Lady ^. (Harriet 
Camilla, dau. of the late Alex. Adair, Esq.), mar. 
1856 her relative Sir Hugh E. Adair, 3rd Bt. (d. 
1902). Res., Heatherton, Pembury, Tunb. Wells. 

ADAM, Baronet. Sir Charles Elphinstone 
Adam, 1st Bt. ( U.K. 1882) ,M, A,, barrister-at-law, 
Vice-Lieut., Convener, andCC. of Ejnross-sh,, and 
aD, L. forthat Co. and Fife, late Priv. Sec. to Lord 
Tweedmouth in three oflS.ces : son of Rt. Hon. Wm. 
P, Adam (see follg,), b, 1859. Heir, none. Res., 
Blair Adam House, and Barns, both Blair Adam 
R , S . O , , Kinross-sh ,;cAam5, ,5NewSq., Line , Inn, 

ADAIM, Baronet's Widow {hy elevation) . Lady 
A., C.I. (Emily Eliza, dau. of Gen. Sir Wm. 
Wyllie, G.CB.), mar. 1856 Rt. Hon. Wm, P. 
Adam, CLE,, M,P,, Gov, of Madras (d. 1881 
when designated for a Baronetcy). Res., Barns, 
Blair Adam R.S.O,, Kinross-sh.; Wilderness 
House, Hampton Ct. 

ADAJM, Knight. Sir Frank Forbes Adam, 
Kt. Bach, (1890), C,I,E. (1888), a D.L, for Lanes,, 
a merchant and a Gov, of Imper. Inst., formerly 
an M.L.C, and Pres, Chamb. Commerce of Bom- 
bay, also of that of Manchester : b. 1846, mar. 
1883 Rose Frances, dau, of C, G, Kemball, Esq,, 
Judge of Bomb, High Ct, Res., Mere Old Hall, 
Knutsford, Cheshire, 

ADAM, Lord {of Session) . J ames Adam, appd. 
Judge of the Courts of Session and Justiciary 
1876, with oflficial title " (Hon.) Lord Adam," was 
Sheriff of Perthsh, 1874-6, thi'ee times Advoc,- 
Depute : b. 1824, mar. 1861. Res., 34 Moray 
PI., Edinburgh. 

ADAMS, Knight's Widow {hy elevation). 
Lady^. (Katharine, dau. of R«v. Thos. C, Adams), 
mar. 1843 her cousin Maj.-Gen. Henry W. 
Adams, C.B, (d, in Crimean War, 1854, when she 
was granted rank of a K.C,B,'s widow). Res,, 
The Lodge, Anstey, Coventry, 
i ADAJMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau, of 1st Bn, 

ADAMS, Col. Robert Bellew, C.B, (Mil. 
1898), UkS (1897), LA,, Afghn, 1879-80, Chitral 
Relief, and N,W. Front, 1897-8, an A.D.C. to 
H.M, and a Col. on Staff : b, 1856, 

ADAMS, William Henry, I,S,0. (1902), 
Treas. Rememb, Off,, Dublin, and 1st Clerk in 
Teachers' Pension Office : b, 1844. Res., 143 
Tritonville Rd. , Sandymount, Dublin, 

ADAMS, GOOLD-, Knight, Maj. Sir Hamil- 
TON John Goold-Adams, K.C,M,G, (1902), CB. 
(Civ. 1898), late of Roy. Scots (ret. 1901); served in 
Matabeleld. and Bechuanald, 1884-5 and 1893-4, 
I and Boer War 1900 ; now Lt,-Gov, of Orange 
Riv. Col., recently Res, Commissr. for Bechuana- 
land Protect. : b. 1858. Res., Bloemfontein. 

ADAMS, GOOLD-, Maj. Henry Edavard Fane, 
C.M.G. (1901), R.A,, China 1900-1 : b, i860. Res., 
Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co, Cork. 

ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
CLE. (1889), LA, retd. ; Burma 1886-7, has been 

102 ADA 

Commissr. of S. Div. of Burma: b. 1846. Hes., 
North Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

ADAMSON, Harvey, C.S.I. (1903), M.A., 
Judicial Commissr. in Upper Burma and Lt.-Col. 
Eifle Vols. : b. 1854. Bes., Mandalay. 

ADAMSON, William, C.M.G. (1897), re- 
peatedly an M.L.C. of Straits Settmts., now a City 
merchant, Dir. of P. & O. Steamship Co., and 
Chmn. Str. Setts. Assoc. : b. 1832. iies. , 9 Avenue 
Ed., Hiffhgate, N. 

ADAEE, Viscount {Trel. 1822) and Baron 
(1800)— see "Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh Adcoclc, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (1897), M.R.C.S.,L.E.C.P.E., 
Cons. Phys.-in-Ch. toH.I.M. the Shah of Persia : 
! b. 1847. Teheran. 

I ADDERLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," see also below. 

ADDERLEY, Knight. Sir Augustus John 
Adderley, K.C.M.G. (1886), formerly an M.L.C. 
Bahamas, was Commissr. for W. indies at 
Fisheries and ind. Exhibitions : b. 1835, mar. 1857 
Lsetitia Annie, dau. of Hon. "W. H. Hall. Res., 
4Douro PL, Kens., W. 


! Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

; ADDEY, William Ereemb, I.S.O. (1902), 

I SupiJiem. Clk. in Solic. Dept. of Treas.: b. 1852. 

j ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 

I Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." of the name, not 

! of the fol]o^ving. 

I ADDINGTON, Baron. Egerton EuUard, 
\ 2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., M.A., a partner in 
I two merchant firms, a Co. Aid. for Bucks., late 
i Col. 1st Bucks. Rifle Vols., an M.P. 1874-80 and 
1886-9 : son of 1st Bii. ; b. Dec. 29, 1842 ; sue. 1889 
(C.) ; mar. 1880 Mary Adelaide, dau. of SirWynd- 
ham S. Portal, Bt. Seat, Addington Manor, 
Winslow, Bucks. ; toiv7i res., 24 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Addington, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bn. 
was Gov. of the Bk. of En!i;ld. and M.P. for City of London. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {Q,nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Winifred Mary H., b. 1881. 

lion. John Gellibrand if., heir to Barony, 2nd Lieut. 

ist Bucks. Rif. Vols. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Raymond Egerton H. , 2nd heiv, b. 1884. 
Hon. Francis Spencer H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Ruth Mary H., b. 1896. 

Surviving issue sf \st Bn. (bros, and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Alice Eliza H., b. 1841. Res., 24 Prince's Gt., 

(Puesent Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Cecil John //., formerly Lt.-Col. Gren. Gds., 
served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1846, mar. 1872 Helen Jane, 
dau. of Arth. Macdonald Ritchie, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Cecil H.). Res., St. Alban's Lodge, Westgate-on- 
Sca R.S.O., Kent ; 247 Knightsbridge, S.W. 

Hon. Rose Ellen i7. , b. 1851. Res. , with sist. above. 

Hon. Evel.yn H., M.A., Lieut, for City of London, a 
Dir. of Bk. of Engld., Commissr. of Pub. Works 
Loans, and partner in same firms with his bro. the 
present Bn., late an M.P. : b. 1852, mar. 1881 Eveline 
Maude (Hon. Mrs. Evelyn //.), dau. of Sir Wynd- 
' ham S. Portal, Bt., and sist. of the Lady Addington. 

Res., The Rookery, Down, Farnborough R.S.O., 
I Kent. 

Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Mrs. George Barker, b. 
1856, mar. 1888 Col. George B., R.E. Res., Abbey 
House, Colchester; Queen Anne's Mansns., S.W. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur H. {Amy d'Esterre, dau. of tlic 
late Chas. H. Huntly, Esq., C.M.G.), mar. 1881 the 
late Hon. Arthur Gellibrand H. (d. 1896). Res., 
I Selwyn Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea R.S.O.. Kent. 

ADEANE, Lady Edith Isabella, dau. of 11th 
E. of Camwath. 

ADELAIDE, Bishop op. Et. Eev. John Eegi- 
NALD Harmer, D.D., 3rd Bp., late Exam. 
Chapl. to Bp. (Westcott) of Durham, Domest. 
Chapl, to his predecessor : b. 1857, cons. 1895, mar. 
same year. Res., Bishop's Ct., North Adelaide, 
S. Australia. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., Leg. Adviser to Loc. Go\'t. 
Bd., late Assist. Sec. : b. 18^15. Res., Mayfield, 
40 Elsworthy Rd., Primrose Hill Rd., N.W. 

ADRIAN, Frederick Obadiah, C.M.G. (1897), j 
late OfPr. of Aitos to Ord. of SS. Mich, and Geo., 1 
and Clerk for Leg. Instruments at Colon. Oflf. : I 
b. 1836. Res., 89 Queen's Rd., Sth. Hornsey, N. 

AD YE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Maij 
Cordelia, dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Hon. Sir 
Mont. Stopford, K.C.3., son of 3rd E. of Cour- | 
town), mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B., \ 
R.A., formerly Surv.-Gen. of Ordnance (d. 1900). ji 
Res., 92 St. Georges' Sq., S.W. ;[ 

ADYE, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1902), E.A., ] 
Afglm. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5, S.Africa [ 
1899-1902, now comdg. R.A. at Mauritius : b. j 
1857. i^es., Port Louis. jj 

AFFLECK, Baronet. Sir Robert J[#ec^-, 7th j 
Bt- {Gt. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. W. Suffolk , 
Militia: son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. ' 
1886 Julia Georgina, dau. of Jno. S. Prince, 
Esq. iJeir ^;'es., his bro. John dk Linden (b. i860 ; 
2nd heir, next bro., Philip Burton, b. 1862). | 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amir op. H.H. Sir 
Habib-Ulla Khan, G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896). 

" Equat. Africa " and " Uganda." [ ,[ 

AGA KHAN, The. H.H. Sir Aga Sultan \ \ 
Muhammad Shah, G.C.I.E. (1902; K.C.LE. 1898), ! I 
spiritual head of the Khoja Community of W. ; | 
India, a direct descendant of the prophet j ' 
Mohammed, is a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, was | j 
granted title of Highness 1886. Res., Aga Hall, , 
Bombay ; 7 Park PL, St. James's, S.W. 

AGAR, family name of Normanton Earldom, , ; 
q.v. for "Ladies " and " Hons." Agar-Ellis was, \ 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden j 
Viscounty (now Agar-Rohartes). The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, Esq., 
of Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733) . j 

AGHADOE, Bishop of— see " Limerick." H 

AGLIONBY, Col. Arthur (Sisson), C.B. (Mil. 
1868), Mutiny and Abyss., now retired; assumed ; 
surname in lieu of Cooper 1885 : b. 1832. Res,, \ 
Staffield Hall, Carlisle. | 

AGNEW, Baronet of Great Stanhope Street. \ 
Sir William Agnew, 1st Bt. ( U.K. 1895), an M.P. j \ 
1880-5, late Chmn. of Bradbury, Agnew, and Co., 1 « 
printers, proprietors of Punch, also late head of ' 
Thos. Agnew and Sons, art publishers : son of i| \ 
Thos. Agnew, Esq., of Manchester; b. 1825, ij, 
widower. iJeir, his son George William (b. 1853; \\ 
2nd heir, latter's son, John Stuart, b. 1879). Res., ' f 
11 Gt. Stanhope St., Mayfair, W. i I 

AGNEW, Baronet of Lochnaiv. Sir Andrew ' *!! 
Noel Agneiv, 9th Bt. {Scot. 1629), LL.B., M.P. j 
for S. Edinburgh (L. U.), banister-at-law, a D.L. ii ^ 
and Vice-Lieut, of Wigtownsh., Capt. 1st , ^ 
Ayrsh. and Galloway Vol. Artill. : son of Sth | dt 
Bt., b. 1850, sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, !« 
dau. of the late Hon. Gowran C. Vernon and i 
granddau. of 1st Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his j] jjJJ^ 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



bro. Henry de Courcy (b. 1851 ; 2nd heir, next 
bro., Maj. Charles Hamlyn A., b. 1859). Seat, 
Lochnaw Castle, Stranraer, Wigtownsh. 

AGNEW, Knight. Sir Stair Andrew Agneiv, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), M.A., advocate, Eegist.-Gen. 
for Scotld., formerly Lieut, gth Regt. : uncle of 
Sir Andrew IST. Agnew, yth. Bt. of Lochnaw : 
b. 1831, mar. 1870 Georgina, d.iu. of the late 
Geo. M. Isisbett, Esq. lies., 22 Buckingham 
Ten-., Edinburgh, 

AGNEW, Knight's Widow. Lady. 4. (Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg.-Gen. Fawcus, I. M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Bach., foroierly 
acting Judge of Calcutta High Ct. (d. 1903). lits., 
20 Stafford Terr., Kens., W. 

AGNEW, Maj. Quentin Gkahaji Kinnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903),D.S.O. (1902), Manches- 
ter Regt. ; Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C., Tirah 1897-8, | 
and S. Africa 1899-1902, now Assist. Mil. Sec. j 
to Fd.-Marsh. Sir G. S. White at Gibraltar : b. 1 
1861 (bro. of Sir Andrew Agnew, Bt.). i 

AHMAD-BiN-FADTHL, Sultan Sir, K.C.S.I. 
(1501), of Lahej (as residence only). 

AILESBURY, Marquess of. Henry 
AxiGUiiTUS Drudeirdl-Bni.ce, ^^li'hLaxci. iJLK.) and | 
a Et., formerly Capt. 9th Regt. and Lt.-Col. 3rd 

; Batt. Wilts. Regt. (Mil.), an M.P. 1885-92 (as Ld. ; 

j H. Brudenell-Bruce) : son of 3rd M. and uncle of 
4th, whose father, George John B.-B., Esq., elder 

I bro. of present Peer, died imtitled (i8G8) before 

j the succession of their father as 3rd Marquess ; b. 

i April 11, 1842; sue. 1894 (C.) ; mar. 1870 the late 
Georgiaua Sophia Maria, dau. of G. H. Pinckney, 
Esq. (she died 1902). Seats, Savernake Forest, 
Marlborough, Wilts. ; Yilla Marbella, BiaiTitz. 

ri(i;,A.TiON.s. Enj. : A Bt. 161 1 ; Bn. Brudenell, 162'}; \ 
■ E. of Cardigan, i6"5i. dft. Br. : Ba. Brace of Totteabam, , 

1746 ; E. of Aileaburj', 1776. U.K. : M. of Aiiesbury, 
Earl Bruce, and Vise. Savernake, 1821.— The 2nd E. ot 
Elgin was granted the English Earldom of Aiiesbury for i 
his devotion to the two Charleses. It became extinct in 

1747 on the death of the 3rd Earl, but was revived to i 
his nephew, whose son, the 2nd Barl by the new creation, 
was elevated to the Jhirciuessate. The name Bruce ; 
was assumed by the ]st Earl of this later creation. The ! 
Barony of Brudenell was conferred upon Sir Thos. i 
Brudenell, ist Bt., and later on his devotion to the 
Royalist side was rewarded with the Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the ist Earl of Aiiesbury had been 
imprisoned) : the two titles came into the Aiiesbury 
line under the and Marq. in i863. The 3rd Earl 
under the older creation had been given the Bruce 
of Tottenham Bai-ony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
v^hom it eventually came back to the Aiiesbury line ; 
but the Tottenham Park which gave this title its name 

lis in Wiltshire immediately adjoining the above Saver- 
[nake Eorest. The Bruce Castle of the London subui-b of 
I Tottenham has thus no connection whatever v. ith this 
j line ; in default, however, it can claim to be linked with 
I the illustrious name of "the Bruce of Baiinockburn." 
1 Robert de Brus, as he is termed in the 'History 
i of Tottenham,' the grandfather of the great Robert, and 
a descendant of David, Earl of Huntingdon, was allotted 
that portion of the parish of Tottenham then termed the 
IManor of Bruses. His eldest son, Robert, styled in 
' right of his wife Earl of Carrick, on returning from the 
Crusades, settled at the Manor House ; but his warrior 
son, the 3rd Robert, on i-evoltmg from England, had all 
I his English lands seized by Edward II. The Crown, 
I iiowever, from time to time made various grants of the 
1 3state, and in 1514 Hem-y VIII. consigned it to Sir Wm. 
I Compton, an ancestor of the Northampton house. After- 
I ivards it was held by the Earl of Dorset, Lord Coieraine, 
^md others, till in 1827 the famous Sir Rowland Hill 
I converted it into a boarding-school. As such it remained 
j -ill 1890, but is now used only as a house of refreshment 
1 u the public park passing umler its name. An engrav- 
! ng dated 1686 shows that it once possessed far more 
han at present of the genuine features of a " Castle." 

Titled Relatives. 
( Brudenell-Bruce.) 
Issue of present (yk) M.: 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Georgiana, now Lady 
E. Hunt, b. 1371, mar. 1898 Harry Brady H., Esq. 
Res., Ballyleun, Kildysart, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
Earl of Cardigan, heir to Marquessate : George 
William Ja^ries Chaudos B.-B., D.S.O. (1900-1), a 
C.C. for Wilts., was in Army Transpt. Serv. in S. 
Africa 1903, Capt. Middx. Impcr. Yeom.,late Maj. 
Roy. Wilts. : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Caroline Sydney 
Anne, dau. 'of late Jno. Madden, Esq., and Lady 
Caroline Madden (sist. of 4 h E. of Leitrhn). Res., 
The MaQor, Tockington R.S.O., Glos. Son: 
Vi^c. Saoariia'ce, 2nd heir : Chandos Sydney 
Cedrlc B.-B., b. 190}. 
Lady Violet Louisa Marjory B.-B., b. i88o. 

Sist. of ^th M. (niece of present; granted rank of 
Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
(The late 4th Marquess, h. 1S63, d. childless 1894.) 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 
i865, mar. 1892 Eo'it. Standish S., Esq. Res., 
Elston, Shrewton, Wilts.— For the Ct^s. of Cardi- 
gan see that article, hor iiusb.'s title having been 
tl'.at of a distinct Peer. 

Surviving issue of 3/ ii M. (bros. and sist. of present) : 

(PkESEN-T MAiiCiUESS, b, 184.2.) 

Lord Robert Thomas B.-B., Com. R.N. retired, b. 
i34S, mar. 1378 Emma, dau. of CaDcl H. Leigh, Esq. 
(Lady Robt. B.-B.). R'ss., Stimford Lodge, Hay- 
ling [., Hants. ; 33 Onslow Gdu-., S. Kens., S.W. 

Lady Ernestine Mary, now Ctss. of Listowd, b. 1847, 
mar. 1863 3rd Earl of L., (i.v. 

Lord Charles Freierick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 
Wilts., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. Roy. Wilts 
Yeom, : b. 1849, mar. 1873 Margaret, dau. of the 
late Jas. Renshaw, Esq. (Lady Frederick B.-B.). 
Res., II Gloucester Terr.. Re;^. i'k., N.W. 

AILESBURY, Marque.^s's Widow (/cmrrd.). 
Marchioness of A. (Dorothy Julia, dau. of Thos. 
Haseley, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, 4th M. of Ailes- j 
bm-y (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1901, David W. Webster, j 
Esq.— retaining title by courtesy. U s., Belle Vue j 
House, Arbroath, Forfarsh. : 

AILSA. Marquess of. Archibald Kennedy, j 
3rd Marq. {U.K)., E. of Cassillis {Scot.); a 

D. L. for AjTsh. and Hon. Com. R.N.R., I 
formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds. : son of 2nd M. ; j 
b. Sept. 1, 1847; sue. 1870 (C.) ; mar., 1st. 1871, ; 
the late Hon. Evelyn Stuart, dau. of 12th Bn. : 
Blantyre (she died 18S8) ; 2ndlv, 1891, Isabella, ' 
dau. of Hugh M'Master, Esq., "of N.W. Provs. , 
India, Seafs, Culzean Castle and Cassillis House, \ 
Maybole, Ayrsh.; Newark Castle, Ayr ; town res., \ 
65 Lancaster Gt., W. i 

CKEATtoNS. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, 1836; M. of Ailsa, 1831. 
Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 1452 ; E. of Cassillis, 1509.— The ist 
Ld. Kennedy was son of the Bishop of St. Andrews, a 
great Scottish statcsniau, and was one of the six Regents ; 
during the minority of James III. ; the 3rdLd. was made j 

E. of Cassillis. Tlie 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish ' 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objecting to 
the marriage of Mary Stuart with the Dauphin. The 
12th Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Marquessats. ! 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {!ird) 31. : 


Earl of Cassillis (proH. like Castles), heir to Mar- 
quessate: Archibald K., a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate in ScotlJ., served In S. Africa 1900-2, 
is Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Fus. (Mil.) : b. 1872, 
mar. 1903 Frances Emily, dau. of Sir Mark J. 
MacTaggart Stewart, ist Bt., M.P. Club, White's. 

Lord Charles K., 2nd heir, formerly Lieut, in pre- 
ceding Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-1 as Capt. Pr. 
of Wales's Lt. Horse : b. 1875. 

The late Lady Evelyn K., b. 1876, d. 1S86. 

Lady Aline, now Lady A. Browne^ b. 1877, mar. 1901 
Hon. John E. Deane B., only son and heir of 4th 
Bn. Kilmaine, q.v. 

Lord Angus K., b. iBSz. 

104 AIN 

Directory of Peerage, 



Lord Hugh K., b. 1895. 
Lady Marjory K., b. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1847.) 

Lady Julia Alice, now Lady J. Follett, b. 1849, mar. 
1869 Col. Robt. W. Webb F., sou of the late 
Sir Wra. Follett. Res., Woodside, Old Windsor. 

Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, 
mar. 1885 Capt. Arthur Y., C.M.G., q.v. 

Lord Alexander K., late .VIa.i. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Ma.i. ist Batt. of 
same Regt., served in Egypt and Soudan : V). 1853, 
mar. 1881 Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. T. Gor- 
don, Esq. (Lady Alexander K.). Res., Brockhill, 
Bracknell. Berks. 

Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. Fawkes, b. 
1855, mar. 1891 Col. Lionel Griniston F., late R.A. 
Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady John K (Mary Adelaide, dau. of Col. Alex. 
Learmonth, M.P.), mar. iSoo the late Lord John K. 
(d. 189s). 

Grandson o/ist 31. (uncle of present; son of Jate'Ei. 
of Cassillis) : I 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1816, d. 1870.) j 
Lord David K., a D.L. for Ayrshire, formerly Capt. ' 
H.E.LC.S., granted rank of a Marq's. son 1847: b. j 
1820, mar. 1873, as 2nd husb.. Lady Mary Emily i 
Vere, prev. Boyle (Lady David .K".), sist. of 9th E. of I 
Cork and Orrery and widow of Wm. E. Hope V., \ 
Esq., granted rank of an Earl's dau. Res., 07 
Queen^s Gt., S.W. ' 

AINSWORTH, John, C.M.G. (igoo), F.R.G.S., 
late Vice-Cons, for Brit. E. Africa, now a Magist. 
there, b. 1864. Bes., Nairobi, via Mombasa, 
E. Afr. Protect. ; Oakfield, Crofts Bank Ed., 
Urmston, Manchester. 

AINSWORTH, Capt. William John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Durham L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1900: 
b. 1873. 

AIRD, Baronet. Sir John A b.-d, 1st Bt. ( U. K. 
\ 1901), V.D., M.P. for Nth. Paddington (C), a 
I Lieut, for the City of London, el. 1st Mayor of 
i Paddington Borough (1900), re-el. igoi, Maj. and 
! Hon. Lt.-Col. Engr. and Rail. Staff Corps, a 
I partner in Jno. Aird and Co., contractors : 
I b. 1833, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of Benj. Smith, 
I Esq, Heir, his son John (b. 1861, Maj. of Vols. ; 
I 2nd heir, latter's son John Renton, b. 1898). 
I lies., 14 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. ; offices, 37 Gt. George 
I St., Westmr., S.W., and 59 Belvedere Rd., 
I Lambeth, S.E. 

! AIREY, Col. Henry Park, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
i D.S.O. (1888), N.S.W. Permt. Artill. ; Soudan 
] 1885, Burma 1886-8, and comd. N.S.W. Mtd. 
Inf. in S. Africa igoo-i: b. 1844. Address, 
Union Club, Sydney. 

AIRLIE, Earl of. David Lyulph Gore 
WoLSELEY Ogilvy, gth Earl (Scot.), a minor: 
son of 8th E. ; b. July 18, 1893 ; sue. 1900. Seats, 
Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., and Tulchan Lodge, 
Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth R.S.O.- Cortachy 
Castle, Kirriemuir, Forfarsh. ; Auchterhouse, I 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Ogilvy of Airlie, 1491 ; E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen, 1639. " Ld. 
Ogilvy" is the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 
let Lord Ogilvy was Ambassador to Denmark ; his grand- 
father had been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th 
Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number 
who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
* Burke ' and ' Foster ' (' Lodge ') in regai* ing the present 
Peer as the 9th, but some term him the nth or 12th, 
^Debrett' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder son of the 3rd E., the 
latter that of the elder son and ^andson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom 

we accept as the sth, were considered during their 
lifetime as also legally excluded, and this certainly gives 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the 6th E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of 
the two attainders, it may bo added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1715, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at Culloden. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of Sth E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
Lady Kitty Edith Blanche 0., b. 1887. 
Lady Helen Alice Wyllington 0., b. 1890. 
Lady Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley 0., b. 189a. 
(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Arthur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, b. 1895. (2nd heir, the following.) 
Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., b. 1896. 

Issue of nth E. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hosier, 
b. 1852, mar. 1878 Col. Sir Henry Mont. H., K.O.B., 

Lady Clementine Gertrude Helen, now the Lady 
Redesdale, b. 1854, mar. 1874 Alg. B. Freeman- 
Mitfoid. Esq., C.V.O., now ist Bn. Redesdale, q.y. 

(The late 8th Earl, b. 1856, d. 1900. ) 

Lady Maude Josepha, now Lady M. Whyte, b.i8s9,mar. 
1886 the late Theodore W., Esq. (d. 1903). Res., 
Bideford, Devon. 

Hon. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley 0., D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Capt. Brabant's Horse m S. Africa (1900-1), 
has been an agriculturist in Western America: 
b. 1861, mar. 1902 Edith Boothroyd, of Colorado. 
Club, Marlborough. 

Lady Griselda J ohanna Helen, now Lady G. Cheape, 
b. 1865, mar. 1897 James C, Esq. Res., Strathtyrum, 
St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

Surviving issue of Sth E. (gt. uncles of present) : 

(The late 7th Earl, b. 1826, d. 1881.) 

Hon. William Henry Bruce 0., formerly Lieut. a6th 
Foot and Capt. Black Watch (Mil.), b. 1840, widower. 

Hon. John Bruce 0., b. 1845. 
AIRLIE, Earls' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Countess of A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanley, dau. of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. i830,mar. 1851 7th E. of Airlie (d. 1881), Bes., 
Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., Alyth R.S.O.— (2) 
Countess of A., nee Lady Mabell Frances Eliza- 
beth Gore, dau. of 5th E. of Arran, b. 1866, mar. 
1886 8th E. of Airlie (killed at Diamond HiU, S. 
Africa, 1900) ; is a Lady of the Bedchamber to 
H.R.H. the Princess of Wales. Res., 3 Halkin 
P]., West Halkin St., S.W., and with present 
Earl (except at Airlie Castle). 

AITCHISON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox, Esq.), 
mar. 1863 Sir Chas. U. Aitchison, K.C.S.I. (d. 
1896). Res., St. Christopher's, 100 Banbury Ed., 

AITCHISON, Gen. Charles Terrington, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. Supemum. List; S. Mahratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Res.y 14 Redcliffe 
Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

AITHRIE, Viscount {Scot. 1703)— see "Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AlTKEN, Knight's Widow, Lady ^. (Emily 
Clara, Allen), mar. 1884 Sir William Aitken, 
M.D., F.R.S. (d. 1892). Res., 47 The Crescent, 

AITKEN, Col. William, C.B. (Mil. 1896), 
R.A. retd.; Afglin. 1878-80, Mahsud Waziri, 
Bui-ma 1885-7, Chitral, N. W. Front. 1897-8, 
was A.D.C. to late Queen : b. 1846. Res., 
Innergellie, Anstruther, Fifesh. 

AIY AN GAR, Sir Vembakam Bhashvam, Diwan 
Bahadur, Kt. Bach. (1900), CLE. (1895), B.A., 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy, late a Judge of the 
High Ct. of Madras, has been Prof, of Law in 


Baronetage, Knightage, <^c. 

ALD 105 

Madras Pres. Coll., now Pres. of Faculty of Law 
in the local Univ. (title Diwan Bah. personal) : b. 
1844. i?es., Lakshmi Villas, Mylapore, Madras. 

AIYAR, Sir Subbaiyab Subbamaniya, Diwan 
Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1900), a Judge of High Ct. of 
Madras, formerly an M.L.C., received personal 
title of Diwan Bahadur. JRes., Madras. 
B.A.sjOB.SiUGH, Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1897), a Ruling 
I Chief: b. 1852. i^es.. Ajaigarh,Bundelkhand. 

AJUDHYA, the Maharaja of. H.H, Sir 
I Pertab Nabayan Singh, K.C.I.E. (1895), an 
' M.L.C. of N.W. Provs. Bes., Allahabad. 

AKERMAN, Knight. Sir John William 
, Akerma>i,K.CM.Q. (i887),late Speaker of Leg. 
i Counc. Natal, an M.L.C. for 30 years, and has 
served on various Commssns. and Conferences : 
b. 1825. Address, Roy. Colon. Inst., Northumbd. 
Avenue, W.C. 

ALABASTER, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
I (Laura, dau. of Dr. D. J. Macgowan, of New 
I York), mar. iSysSirChalonerAlabaster.K.C.M.G.. 
I Cons. -Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Bes., Dilaram, 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 
ALBANY, Duke of— see Royal Family. 
ALBEMARLE, Earl of. Arnold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), A.D.C. to the King for 
Vols., a D.L. for Norfolk, Lt.-Col. of Reserve of 
Officers, and Hon. Lt.-Col. in Aiiny, served in S. 
Africa 1900 in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.V., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. Vol. 
1 Rifles, is now Brig.-Gen. comdg. Norf . Vol. Inf. 
jBrigade, an M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : 
3on of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858; .sue. 1894 (C.) ; 
I mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
2nd Bn. (now 1st Earl) Egerton of^Tatton. Seat, 
Giuidenham Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk [let). 

Creation. E. of Albemarle, Vise. Bury, and Bn. 
As\\ioxA, Eng. 1696.— The ist Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
.vas a member of the nobility of Holland who had 
i iccompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
I A.lbemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
''ssue 0/ present (8th) E. : 

Vise. Bury, heir to Earldom: Walter Egerton 
George Lucian K., Lieut. Scots Gds., A.D.C. to 
Eaii Grey in Canada ; b. 1882. . 
lion. Arnold Joost William K., 2nd heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek K., b. 1886. 
Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude K., b. 1800. 
Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K., b. 1898. 

.Surviving issue of ith E. (bros. and sists. of 
I present) : 

i Present Earl, b. 1838.) 
jady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 
I X887 Col. W. Leslie Z>., C.B., R.A., q.v. 

Hon. Derek William George K., C.M.G. (1901), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, same year), V.D., lateMaj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. i2th Middx. iCiv. Serv.) Vols., is an 
Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, formerly 
a C.E. : b. 1863, mar. 1898 Hon. Bridget Louisa 
Harbord (Hon. Mrs. Derek K.), dau. of sth Bn. 
Suffield. /i€8., 10 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 
Lady Hilda Mary K., b. 1864. Bes., 53 Lowndes Sq., 

Hon. George K., formerly Lieut. Gordon Highlanders, 

now of Ivorfolk Artil. Mil. (reappd.) : b. 1865, mar. 

1891 Alice Frederica, dau. of the late Adm. Sir Wm. 

Edmonstone, 4th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. George K.). 

Res., 30 Portman Sq., W. 
Lady Leopoldina Olivia K., a nun of the Sacred 

Heart, b. 1866. 
Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Townley, b. 1868, mar. 

1896 Walter Beaupr6 T., Esq., of Pekmg Legat. 
Lady Mary Stuart, now Lady M. Tagavt, b. 1869, mar. 

1900 Maj. Harold A. Louis T., D.S.O., q.v. 
Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F. Boyle, b. 1871, 

mar. 1902 Lieut. Wm. H. Dudley B., R.N. Res., 

10 Victoria Sq., S.W. 

Dau. o/bth E. (aunt of present): 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1832, d. 1894.) 
Lady Louisa, now Lady L. Charteris, b. 1836, mar. 
1864 the late Capt. Hon. Fredk. Wm. G. (d. 1887), son 
of 8th E. of Wemyss. 
ALBEMARLE, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess op A. (Sophia, dau. of Hon. Sir Allan 
N. MacNab, 1st and lastBt., Prem. of Canada), 
mar. 1855 7th E. of Albemarle (d. 1894). Bes., 53 
Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

ALCOCK, Maj. Alfred William, CLE. 
(1903), M.B.,LL.D., F.R.S.,F.G.S.,I.M.S., Supt. 
of Indian Museum, and Prof, of Zoology in Med. 
Coll., Calcutta.: b. 1859. Address, Calcutta. 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALDENBURG, Count— see "Bentinck." 

ALDENHAM, Baron. Henry Hucks Gibbs, 
1st Bn. {U-K.), M.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S., sen. ! 
partner in Antony Gibbs and Sons, bankers and ; 
merchants ; a Lieut, for City of London, a Dir. ; 
of Bk. of England (Gov. 1875-7), a Trustee of i 
Nat. Portr. Gall., and memb. of House of Lay- ; 
men, an M.P. 1891-2, High Sheriff of Herts, j 
1884 : son of Geo. H. Gibbs, Esq. ; b. Aug. ! 
31, 1819; cr. Bn. 1896 ((7.); mar. 1845 the | 
iate Louisa Anne, dau. of Wm. Adams, Esq., 
LL.D. (she died 1897). Seat, Aldenham House, 
Elstree R.S.O., Herts. ; town res., St. Dunstan's, 
Outer Cii'cle, Regent's Pk., N.W. 

Creation. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896. 



Hon. Alban George Henry G., M.A., heir to 
Barony, M.P. for City of London (C), of the mer- 
chant firm of Antony Gibbs and Sons, and a bank 
and insurance director, Lieut, for City of London : 
b. 1846, widower. Res., Clifton Hampden, Oxoii, 
nr. Abingdon ; 8a Portland PI., W. (and heir, 
his son Gerald Henry Beresford, b. 1879.) 

Hon. Edith Caroline G., b. 1848. Res., St. Dunstan's, 
as above. 

The deceased Walter Antony G., b. 1850, d. 1858. ! 
Hon. Vicary G., B. A., barrister-at-law, a partner in 
same firm with his father and elder bro., and a ' 
dir. of banking and insurance cos., late an M.P. ; j 
b. 1853. Res., with his father ; offices, is Bishopsgate ■ 
Within, E.G. 1 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne G., M.A., also a partner in : 
above firm, a Commissr. of Pub. Works Loans and 
of Inc. Tax: b. 1854, mar. 1885 Anna Maria, dau. 
of the late Richd. Durant, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. ; 
Herbert tf.). iJes., 9 Portman Sq., W. 1 
Rev. the Hon. Kenneth Francis G., M. A., Rur. Dean 
of Watford and Hon. Canon of St. Albans and 
Chapl. to the Bp. : b. 1856, mar. 1894 Mabel Alice, ! 
dau. of Chas. E. Bamett, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Kenneth ! 
G.). iSes., Aldenham Vic, Elstree R.S.O., Herts. 
Hon. Henry Lloyd G., another partner with the 
above, ard Lieut, for City of London : b. 1861, | 
mar. 1887 Alice Mary, dau. of Gen. Chas. Crutchley I 
(Hon. Mrs. Henry (r.). Res., JManor House, Elstree 
R.S.O., Herts. ; 10 Lennox Gdns ., Chelsea, S.W. j 
ALDERSON, Knight (1). Sir Charles Henry | 
Alderson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), bavrister-at-law, i 
late Chief Charity Commissr., formerly Sen. Insp. ; 
of Schools : b. 1831 (a cousin of following and son 
of Baron Alderson). Bes., 40 Beaufort Gdns., 

ALDERSON, Knight (2). Maj. - Gen. , 
Sir Henry James Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1891), i 
R.A. retd., sensed in Crimea, late Pres. of , 
Ordnance Cmttee. : b. 1834, mar. 1877 Florence, I 
dau. of his relative Bn. Alderson (Exeheq. Ct.). j 
and sist. of the late Mchss. of Salisbury. Bes., 
Oakfield, Bracknell, Berks.; 6 Hyde Park St., W. 

ALDERSON, Brig.-Gen. Edwin Alfred Hkr- 
VEY, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Transvaal i88i, Egypt, 
Soudan 1884-5, Mashonald., Boer War i899-i'90i, 
now comdg. 2nd Brig. Aldershot Comd., is an 
A.D.C. to H.M.: b. 1859. Ees., Aldershot. 



Directory of Peerage, 


ALDRICH, Vice-Adm. Pelham, C.V.O. (1902), 
served in ' Challenger' and 'Alert,' and has been 
Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. Dockyd.: b.1844. lies.. 
Gt. Bealings, Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALDRIDGE, Capt. John Barttelot, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.H.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1871. 

ALD WORTH, Lady Mary Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDER, family name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for "Hons.," also below (and for Lady 

ALEXANDER, Archbishop — see "Armagh." 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 2nd Bt. {U.K. i885), B.A., 
formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Fas. (Mil.) : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1899, mar. 1896, 2Qd 
v.afe (having divorced 1st), Rachel Belasyse, dau. 
of R^v. Hy. Holden, D.D. Heir, his son Wilkred 
A.RCHIBALD (b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, 
b. 1897). Seals, Ballochmyle, Mauchline, Ayrsh.; 
Faygate Wood, Horsham, Sussex. 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
Cecil William Alexander, 6th Bt. {U.K. 1809), 
2nd Lieut. 3rd Batt. Shropsh. L.I. (Mil.) : son of 
5th Bt., b. 1885, sue. 1896. No heir. Seats d-c, 
Cruisetown and Kentstown, Co. Meath (no post- 
towns given) ; Cecil House, Gayton Rd., Harrow- 

The Earls of Caledon are a branch of tliis house. 

ALEXANDER, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dow- 
ager Lady A. of Ballochmyle (Ehza, dau. of the 
late Alex. Speirs, Esq.), mar. 1863 Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 1st Bt. (d. 1899). lies., 24 
Old Queen St., W.— (2) Kathleen, Lady A. of 
Dublin (Mary Kathleen, dau. of Rev. Jno. 
Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife. Sir Jno. W. 
Alexander, 4th Bt. (d. 1888). — (3) Lady A. of 
Dublin, reinrrd. (Edith, dau. of the late Geo. E. H. 
La Fargue, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, Sir Wm. Ferd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Rev. 
Fredk. W. Thurlow — retaining title by right. 
lies., with 6th Bt. at Cecil House. 

ALEXANDER, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Eveline, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. Chas. C. Michell, 
K.H.), mar. 1837 Gen. Sir Jas. E. Alexander, C.B. 
(d. 1885). Bes., Westerton House, Bridge of 
Allan, Stiiiingsh. ; 3 Sidney Terr., Ryde, I.W. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (subst. 
for "Vise. Caledon"). 

Alexander, Col. Aubrey de Verb, D.S.O. 
C1903), L A., Afghn. 1879-80, and China 1900: b. 

ALEXANDER, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 
1st Bn. Cottesloe. 

ALEXANDER, Maj. Dudley Heney, C.M.G. 
(1904), Priv. Sec. to late Gov. of New Zealand. 

ALEXANDER, Lieut. Edward Curkie, D.S.O. 
(1902), I. A., Tirah 1897-8, Mahsud Yv^aziri 1902, 
and other Ind. operations : b. 1875. 

ALEXANDER, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
rine, dau. of gth E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDER, Col. Harvey, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late comdg. loth Hussars, now D.A.A.G. at 
Guernsey; S. Africa 1899-igoi : b. 1859. 

ALFORD, Knight. Sir Edward Fleet Alford, 
Kt. Bach. (1902), knighted for servs. in connec- 
tion with Chinese Commercial Treaty : son of the 
late Bp. Alford of Hong Kong, b. 1850. Jles., 
26 The Boltons, S. Kens., S.W. 

ALFORD, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brownlow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. George 

Thorneloe, D.C.L., 3rd Bp., Canon of Quebec 
1888-96 : b. 1848, cons. 1897. ^es-, Sault Ste. 
1 Marie, Ontario. 

\ ALINGTON, Baron. Humphrey Napier Sturt, 
1 2nd Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. and C.C. for Dorset, 
t an M.P. 1891-1904, formerly Lieut. Dorset Yeom.: 
I son of 1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 {C.) ; 
i mar. 1883 Lady Feoaorowna Yorke, dau. of 5th E. 

of Hardwicke. <S'ea^, Criehel, Wimborne, Dorset ; 
j toivn res., 38 Portman Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
i former Peerage— /rei. 1642-1723; Eng. 1682-91). 

I Titled Relatives. 

I (Sturt.) 
[ Issue of preserd {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Diana Isabel ,S'., h. 1884. 
I The deceased Sylvia S., b. & d. i386. 

j Hon. Gerard Philii> Montagu Kapieh S., heir to 

I Barony, b. 1893. 

Hon. Na.pier George Henry S., and heir, b. 1896. 

A deceased dau., b. & d. 1899. 
I A deceased son, b. & d. 1903. 

j Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sis's. of present) : 

(Present Barox, b. lOsg.) 
j Hon. Hilda Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Frederic Cooper, b. 
j 1863, mar. 1890 Rev. Fredo. Wilson G. Res., The 

' Rectory, Prestwich, Manchester. 

Hon. Winifred Selina, now Hon. Lady Hardinge, 
' a Bedchamber Woman to H.M. Queen Alexandra 

{jjrev. when Prss. of Wales) : b. 1868, mar. i8go 
i Rt. Hon. Sir Chas. H., K.C.M.G., see Hardinge, 

I A'isc. 

i Hon. Mildred Cecilia Harriet, now Vctss. Chelsea, b. 
1869, mar. 1892 Vise. C, son and heir of 5th Earl 
Cadogan, q.v. 

ALINGTON, Ba^.on's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Evelyn Henrietta, dau. of Hy. Blundell 
Leigh, Esq.), a memb. of League of Mercy, mar. 

I 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. Alington (d. 1904). 

j ALINGTON, Lady Hester Margaret, dau. of 
4th Bn. Lyttelton, see " Cobham." 
ALISON, Baronet. Gen. Sir Archibald 

j Alison, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1852), G.C.B. (Mil. 1887), 

j LL.D., served in Crimea, Mutiny (as Mil. Sec. 

1 to Lord Clyde) , Ashanti, and Egypt (comd. Army 

j of Occupation 1882-3), a^so as A.G. to the Forces, 

! Ch. of Intell. Dept. at Headquarters, and Comdt. 

I at Aldershot 1883-8, ret. 1893 ; is Col. Sea- 
forth Highldrs. late a Memb. of Counc. of 
Sec. of State for India : son of 1st Bt. (the 

' historian) , b. 1826, sue. 1867, mar. 1858 Jane, dau. 

'< of the late Jas. Black, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. 

i Archibald A. (b. 1862; 2nd heir, latter's son 
Archibald, b. 1888). Res., 93 Eaton PL, S.W. 

ALLAN, Knight. Sir Hugh Montagu 
Kt. Each. (1904). of Montreal, Head of the 
"Allan" Line of Steamships. 

ALLAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 
dau. of Walter Seattle, Esq.), mar. 1870 Sir 
Wm. Allan, Kt. Bach., M.P. (d. 1904). Bes., 
Scotland House, Sunderland. 

ALLAN, HAVELOCK-, Baronet. Sir Henry 
Spencer Moreton Havelocli- Allan, 2nd Bt, {U.K. 
1858), Capt. 3rd Batt. Durham L.I. (Mil.) : son of 
1st Bt., b. 1872, sue. 1897, mar. 1903 Edith, dau. 
of late T. C. J. Sowerby, Esq. Heir pres., his 
bro. Allan (b. 1874 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Henry 
Ralph Moreton, b. 1899). Seat, Blackv/ell Grange, 

*** The renowned IMaj.-Gen. Sir Henry Havelock, 
K. C.B. —who, in conjunction with Gen. Sir Chas. Outram, 
effected the first relief of Lucknow and then held it 
under unparalleled difficulties until liimself relieved by 
Sir Colin Campbell— was designated for a Baronet, but 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art.), who 
assumed the additional name of Allan. 

ALLAN, HAVELOCK-, Baronet's Widow. 
Lady Alice H.-A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E 


Baronetage, Knightage, (&Co 



of Ducie, b. 1843, mar. 1865 Lt.-Gen, Sir Henry 
M. Havelock-Allan, 1st Bt., Q-.C.B., Ud, M.P., 
killed by the Afridis, 1897. 

ALLANSON and WINN, Baeon [Irel. 1797) — 
see "Headley, Bn," 

ALIsARDYCE, William Lamond, C.M.G. 
(1902), late Receiver Gen. and Assist. Colon. Sec. 
of Eiji, now Gov. of the Falkland Is. : b. 1861. 
i?e.v., Govt. House, Port Stanley, Falkland Islds. 

ALLASON, BANNAT1NE-, Col. Eichaed, 
C.B. (Mil. 1904), late E.H.A. ; Afghn., Soudan, 
and S. Africa, now an A.A.G. at Headqrs. : b. 

ALLCARD, Capt. Heebert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
E.A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1876. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widoavs. (1) Lady A. 
(Marian, dau. of Rev. Wm. B. Boyce), mar. 1851 
Sir Geo. W. Allen, K.C.M.G., Speaker Leg. 
Assem, N.S.W, (d. 1885). Bes., Toxteth Pk., 
Sydney.— (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of the late 
Rev. J. F. Turner), mar. 1876 Sir Geo. Wm. Allen, 
K.C.I.E. (d. 1900). Bes., Free Chase, Haywards 
Heath, Sussex; 5 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

ALLEN, Benjamin, LS.O. (1903), Chief Clk., 
Public Works Loan Board. 

ALLEN, Geoege Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), Sec 

ALLEYNE, Baeonet. Sir John Gay Newton 
AUeytie, 3rd Bt. ( Gt. Br. 1769) , M.I.C.B. , M.I.M.E. , 
Vice-Pres. Iron and Steel Inst, and a Co. Aid. for 
Derbysh,, formerly Warden of Dulwich Coll. and 
Capt. 12th Derby Eifle Vols. : son of 2ndBt., b. 
1820, sue. 1870, mar. 1851 Augusta Isabella, dau. 
of Sir Hy. FitzHerbert, 3rd Bt. Heir, his son 
Reynold Henry Newton (b. 1852 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John Meynell, b. 1889). Seat, Chevin, 
Belper, Derbygh. 

ALLFREY, Hon. Mrs. Moubray, dau. of i4tli 
Bn. Saye and Sele. 

ALLGOOD, Maj.-Gen. George, C.B. (Mil. 
1864), Punjab, Mutiny, China, and Peshawar 1863, 
ret. 1869: b. 1827. ^es-f Blindburn, Wark-on- 
Tyne R.S.O. 

ALLISON, Lady Diana, dau. of 17th E. of 
Eglinton and Winton. 

ALLMAN, Robert, C.M.G. (1901), Princ. Med. 
Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin 1897, Aro 1901) : 
I b. 1854. Bes., Old Calabar. 

ALLOA, Baron [Scot. 1489), a title of the Mar 
and Kellie Earldom. 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, ■ 
q.v. for " Hons." and one mrrd. " Lady." 
ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), Collector- I 

to Treas. Dept. of Commonwealth of Australia. Gen. of Customs, Excise, &e., in Jamaica 

ALLEN, Maj.-Gen. Ralph Edward, C.B. (Mil. ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE of (67. Br. 
1900-1), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. ; Bechuanaland | i784ji— see ^' Northumberland, D. of 
1884-5, and S. Africa 1899-1901, late A.A.G, at ' ■ — - 
Headqrs. : b. 1846. Bes., 10 Hanover Sq., W. 

ALLEN, Ma j. Robert Franklin,D.S.O. (1904), 
R.E.,Manipur 1891, Somalild. 1903-4: b. i85o, 

ALLEN, Capt. William i.YNN, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Border Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

ALLENBY, Col. Edmund Henry Hynman, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), 5th Lancers; Bechuanald. il 
Zululand 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1 

ALLENBY, Capt. Reginald Arthur, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1904), R.N., Egypt 1882, now Naval 
Attache at Copenhagen. 

ALLERTON, Baeon. William Lawies Jack- 
son, 1st Bn. (U.K.), P.O. (Gt. 'Br. i8qo, Irel 

ALSTON, Knight. Sir Feancis Beilby i 
Alstci, K.C.M.G. (18851, late Ch. Clk. in For. : 
Office, has been a Lieut, in Herts. Mil. : b. 1820, ' 
mar. 1862 Emily Louise Caroline, dau. of Bridges 
Tajdor, Esq. Bes., 69 Eceleston Sq., S.W. i 
ALT, Col. William John, C.B. (Civ. 1901), i 
N, I V.D., F.R.G.S., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. corndg.) I 
5, j 22nd Middx. Rifle Vols.: b. 1840. Bes., 3 Airlie | 
Gdns., Campden Hill Rd., AV. ; Villa Aurelia, 
Rapallo, Italy. 

ALTAMONT, Earl op {/j/j courtesy— title, Irel. 
1771), son and heir of Marq. of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Col. Edward Altham (name 
doubled), C.B. (Mil. 1904), C.M.G. (1901), late 

1891), F.R.S., formerly Chief Sec. for Ireland ( Roy. Scots; Bechuanald. 1884-5 and Boer War 
and Financ. Sec. to Treas., was Chmn. of S. I 1899-1900, late an A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs.: b. 1856. 
African Cmttee. 1896, now Chmn. of Roy. ALTHORP, Viscount ((?!-. i?r. 1765), a title of 
Commssn. on Coal Resources and of G.N.RaiL, the Spencer Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 
late an M.P. was Mayor of Leeds 1895-6, formerly ALTMAN, Knight. Sir Albert Joseph 
a tanner and leather merchant: son of the L4/('??iaw, Kt. Bach. (1894), a merchant, Lieut, and 
late Wm. Jackson, Esq.; b. Feb. 16, 1840; cr. Bn. j Common Councilman for City of London and 
1902 (C.) ; mar. i860 the late Grac6 (d. 1901), dau. Past Master of three City Cos.: b. 1839, mar. 1869 
of Geo. Tempest, Esq. Seat, AUerton Hall, Chapel Margaret Eliza, dau. of Thos. Vernon, Esq. Bes., 
Allerton, Leeds ; towii res., 27 Cadogan Sq., S.W. ' — " 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1902. 


■ {Jackson.) 

Hon. George Herbert J., heir to Barony, b. 1867, 
mar. 1899 Katherine Louisa, dau. of Wm. W. Wick- 
ham, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Jackson). Re.s., Walton, 
Boston Spa , Yorks. 

Hon. Francis Stanley J., and heir, B.A., Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Roy. Lane. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900-2, is a well-known Yorksliire cricketer : b. 1870, 
mar. 1902 Daisy, dau. of Hy. Harrison-Broadley, 
Esg. (Hon. Mrs. Francis J.). Club, Jun. Carlton. 

Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
Tinsley, ma.i: 1891, wid. 1900. Res., Allerton Hall, 

Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George Harper, 
mar. 1893 Maj. Geo. Montague H., D.S.O^, q.v. 

Hon. Evelyn Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Arth. Philip B., Esq., M.D. Res., 44 
Seymour St., Portman Sq., W 

Lewisham Pk., S.E. 

ALTON, ilt.-Paym. Francis Cooke, C.B. (Mil. I 
1902), was Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 1898-1901 : 1 
b. 1855. Bes., 37 St. Michael's Rd., Bedford. \ 
ALVERSTONE {pron. Alverston), Baron. ' 
Richard Everaed Webster, ist Bn. {U.K.) 
and a Bt., G.C.M.G. (1893; Kt. Bach. 18S5), ; 
M.A., LL.D., Lord Chief Justice of England, i 
prev. for a short time Master of the EcUs, j 
late Attorn.-Gen. (3rd time), appd. Q.C. 1878, an ' 
M.P. 1885-1900, a memb. of Histor. MSS. Commj 
mssn. and a Gov. of the Chartei'house, a Kt. of 1 
Grace St. John Jems., was Brit. Counsel in the [ 
Arbitrations of Behring Sea 1893 and Venezuela ' 
i 1898-9 : son of the late Thos. Webster, Esq., a.C ; i 
! b. Dec. 22, 1842; cr. a Bn. 1900 (C.) ; mar. 1872 i 
the late Louisa Mary, dau. of Wm. C. Calthrop, ■ 

Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-Musgrave, mar. I Esq. (she died 1877). No Jieir. Seat, Winterfold, 
1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham Musgrave ^. -jr. Jlcs., Oak- Cranleigh, Guildford; 
hurst, nr. Allerton, Leeds. 

town res., Hornton Lodge, 

Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Xnhrej BrocMe- \ S'^^ ^^^'J^^'^^■';^ ^I" '-p '^^^^'f " A -^1^^^^^' 
bank, mar. 1898 Aubrey 2?„ Esq, iJes., Ingleton, ' Temple, E.G., and 362 Eoy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. i 
Woolton Pk., L'pool. ^ Cueatioxs. U.K. : A Bt. and Bn. Alverstone, 1900. ! 



Directory of Peerage, 


( Webster.) 

Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw Mellor, 

b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Kliaw M., Esq. Res., 14 

Westbourne St., Paddington, \V. 
The laU Hon. Arthur Harold W., b. 1874, d. 1902, 

having mar. 1898 Gwladys, dau. of Sir Eras. H. 

Evans, Bt., K.0.3I.G., M.P. (Hon. Mrs. Webster). 

Res., Alverstone House, Shanklin, I.W. 
AMAR SINGH, Gen. Raja Sir, K.C.S.I. (1891), 
Vice-Pres. of Kashmir State Counc, Com.-in-Ch. 
of Army, and ia charge of Foreign and other 
State Depts., formerly Prime Min. : b. 1864. lies., 
The Mandi Palace, Jamu, and Shergarhi Palace, 
Srinagar — both Kashmir. 

AMBEELEY, Viscount {U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne bv the heir when a son. 

AMHERST, family name of the following Earl- 
dom. Index to that line (a.) and that of ' ' Amherst 
of Hackney " (a.h.), see below : 
Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Florentia, a. Ly. Margaret, a. 
Lady Charlotte, a. Hn. Hugh, a. Hn. Percy Arth.A. 
Hn. Florence, A.H. Hn. Marg. Mitf.A.n.Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AjVIHERST, Earl. William Archee Amherst, 
3rd Earl (U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, a Kt. of Jus- 
tice St. Jolur Jerus., an M.P. 1859-80 (as Vise. 
Holmesdale) and formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., 
sei-yed in Crimea : son of 2nd E. ; b. March 26, 
1836; sue. 1886 {€'.), having sat as Bn. Amherst 
from 1880 in his father's lifetime; mar., 1st, 1862, 
the late Lady Julia Mann CormvalUs, dau. of 5th 
and last Earl Cornwallis (she died 1883) ; 2ndly, 
1889, Alice Dalton, Dowager Ctss. of Lisbume 
(widow of 5th E. and sist. of widow of 6th), 
dau. of Edmd. Probyn, Esq. Seat, Montreal, 
Sevenoaks, Kent; town res., 3 Wilton Terr., 
Belgi". Sq., S.W. 

Crkations. Bn. Amherst, Gt. Br. 1788 (orig. 1761) ; 
Earl Amherst and Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The ist 
Baron was a Field-Marshal Com. -in-Chief of the British 
Army in N. America 1758-64, afterwards of the entire 
British Army ; was also a Knight of the Bath. His 
nephew, who succeeded under special remainder by 
a second patent, and who was Envoy to China and 
Viceroy of India, obtained the Earldom and Viscty. 
Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Kev. the Hon. Percy Arthur A., B.A., heir pres. to 

Earldom : b. 1839, widower. 
Lady Margaret Catherine A., h. 1848. Res., S Upper 
I Berkeley St., W. 

Lady Elinor, now Lady E. Beniaon, b. 1830, mar. 1877 
I Capt. Wm. Evelyn D. Jies., Ossington, Newark, 


Lady Charlotte Florentia A., b. 1851. iles., with Lady 

Hon. Hugh A., 2nd heir, Capt. late Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Nile Expedn. 1884-5 : b. 1856, mar. 1896 
Hon. Eleanor Clementina iSt. Aubyn (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh A.), dau. of ist Bn. St. Levan. Club, 

AMHERST, TYSSEN-, family name of follow- 
ing Barony (see Index above). 

A]\IHERST OF HACKNEY, Baron. William 
Amhukst Tijssen-Amherst (Tyssen pron. Tisen), 
1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Middx., Kt. of Justice 
St. John Jerus., an M.P. March 1880-92, High 
Sheriff of Norfolk 1866: son of Wm. G. T. 
Daniel Tyssen, Esq. (who by licence exchanged 
the name Daniel Tyssen for Tyssen- Amhurst, his 
son by a second licence altering the spelUng of 
the syllable); b. April 25, 1835; cr. Bn. 
1892 (C.) ; mar. 1856 Margaret Susan, dau. of 
Adm. Robt. Mitford, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus. Seat, Didlington Hall, Brandon, Norfolk ; 
town res.,^ Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Amherst of Hackney, U.K. 1892 (with 
special remainder, in default of male issue, to eld. 
daughter and her issue male). 

{Tyssen- Amherst.) 
Mary Rothes Margaret, now Lady William Cecil, 
heiress pres. to Barony (by special remainder), 
Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1857, mar. 1885 
Lord Wm. C, son of 3rd M. of Exeter, q.v. {2na 
heir, her son, William Amherst C, b. 1880.) 
Hon. Sibyl Margaret T.-A. ) T,„jj„a „f T„Hfif>f. 
Hon. Florence Margaret T.-A. > st Tohn Terns 
Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A.) John Jerus. 
Hon. Alicia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Oe:il, Lady of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 
Evelyn C, Esq., M. P., son of Lord Eustace Cecil, 
and ist cousin of present M. of Salisbury. Res., 
10 Eaton PL, S.W. 
Hon. Geraldino Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drvjmmond 
of Megginch, mar. 1890 Capt. Male. £>. of M. Rea., 
Megginch Castle, Errol R.S.O., Pertlish. 
The late Beatrice Margaret T.-A., d. 18S1. 

AIVIORY, HEATHCOAT-, Baronet. Sir John 
Heathcoat Heathcoat-Ainory, ist Bt. {U.K. 
1874), a D.L. for Devon, an M.P. 1868-85: son 
of Saml. Amory, Esq., of Homerton and Portland 
Place, London; b. 1829, mar. i853Hemietta Mary, 
dau. of Wm. Unwin, Esq. ; assumed additional 
name of Heathcoat 1874. Heir, his son Ian 
Murray Heathcoat II.-A. (b. 1865; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John, b. 1894). Seat, Knightshayes 
Ct., Tiverton, Devon; toiun res., 22 Hill St., 
Berkeley sq., W. 

AMOS, Capt. Herbert Gilbert Maclachlan, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), King's Own Scot. Bords.; S. 
Africa 1900-1 : b. 1866. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow {remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Rt. 
Hon. Sir Richd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
Appeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H, Holme, 
Esq.— retaining title by courtesy. Bes., PauU- 
holme, nr. Hull. 

AMPHLETT, Maj. Charles Grove, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), with 1st Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-1900, now retd. : b. 1862. i?fs., Four Ashes 
Hall, nr. Bridgnorth. 

AMPTHILL {pron. Ant-hill), Baron, Arthur 
OliverVilliers Russell, 2ndBn. ( f/.A'.). G.C.S.I. 
(1904), G.C.LE. (1900), M.A., F.R.G.S., Gov. of 
Madras, Capt. in Beds. Mil., late Priv. See. to Sec. I 
of State for Colonies : son of 1st Bn. and 1st cousin i 
of D. of Bedford ; b. Feb. 19, 1869 ; sue. 1884 I 
(L.U.); mar. 1894 Lady Margaret Lygon, C.I., i 
dau. of 6th Earl Beauchamp. Bes., Govt. House, ! 
Madras. i 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. 1881.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the 9th Duke of Bedford, 
was created 1st Baron after a long diplomatic service, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, b. 1896. 
Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R. , 2nd heir, b. 1898. 
Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b. 1901. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1869.) 

Hon. Odo AVilliam Theophilus Vlllicrs J?., a and Sec. 
in Diplom. Serv., b. 1870. Res., Brit. Bmb., Vienna. 

Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R., b. 1872. 

Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers R., B.A., 
ban-ister-at-law, Capt. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.) 
and an Instr. of Musketry : b. 1874. Res., 19 Strat- 
ford Rd., W. ; chamb., 5 Crown Office Row, Temple, 

Hon. Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers R., Ma), 
and Regimental Adjt,, Gren. Gdg., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : twin with preceding. 

Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R., 
b. 1879. 


Baronetage, Knightage, dsc. 

AND 109 

AMP1:HIL,L, Baron'8 Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., VsA., n6e Lady Emily Theresa ViUiers, 
a Lady of, the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria: 
dau. of 4th B. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar. 1868 
1st Bn. Ampthill (d. 1884), lies., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 19 Stratford PL, Oxford St., W. 

ANCASTEE, Earl of. Gilbert Henry 
Heathcote-Drmnmond-Willoughhij, 1st Earl {U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.O. {Gt. Br. 1880); Joint Here- 
ditary Lord Gt. Chamberlain (see note under 
" Cholmondeley, Marq."), Chmn. of Q.S. and a 
Co. Aid. for Rutland, a D.L. for that Co., late also 
Lines., an M.P. 1852-67 (as Hon. G. H. Heath- 
cote) : son of ist Bn. Aveland and of Bnss. 
Willoughby de Eresby; b. Oct. 1, 1830; sue. as 
and Bn. Aveland 1867, as 25th Bn. Willoughby 
de E. 1888, cr. Earl 1892 (C) ; mar. 1863 Lady 
' Evelp Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of loth M. of 
Himtly ; assumed names Drummond and 
Willoughby 1872. Seats, Nonnanton Pk., Stam- 
ford ; Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne, Line. ; Drum- 
mond Castle, Crieflf, Perthsh. ; toiun res., 12 
Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. "Willoughby de Eresby, 1313 by 
writ. Qt. Br.: ABt. 1733. U.K.: Bu. Aveland, 1856 ; 
E. of Ancaster, 1892.— The 1st Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edward I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in line married the ist Bn. 
Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but on the death of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
widow of the ist Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, sth Bt., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dysart in her own right. His son, the present 
Peer, who is thus a Baron through both his father and 
mother, and grandson of a Countess, was created Earl of 
Ancaster. He is 2and Baron Willoughby, but 25th Vv hen 
Baronesses are counted. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Heaihcote-Drummond- Willoughby.) 
Issue of present {ist) E. : 

Lady Evelyn Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, b. 
1864, mar. 1888 Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Peter E., 
G.C.V.O., K.C.B.,q.v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, now Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1866, mar. 1902 Gideon Macpherson R., Esq. 
Res., 31 Sloane Ct. AVest, Chelsea, S.W. 
Lord Willoughby de Eresby (won. Derzby), heir to 
Earldom: Gilbert H.-D.-W., M.A., M.P. for Horn- 
castle Div. of Lines. (C), Maj. Line. Imper. Yeom.: 
b. 1867. Res., with Earl (Crieff excepted). 
Lady Nina H.-D.-W., b. 1869. 

Hon. Charles Strathavon H.-D.-W., xr^A heir, Maj. 
Scots Gds., served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1870, mar. 
1903 Lady Muriel Agnes Stuart ErMne, dau. of 
14th E. of Buchan. Res., 19 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 

Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. itfrica 1899-1902 : b. 1872. Club, Guards'. 

Lady Cecilie, now Lady Cecilie Goff, b. 1874, mar. 
1896 Clarence <r., Esq. Res., Carrowroe Pk., Ros- 
common ; 46 Pont St., S.W. 

Lady Alice H.-D.- W., b. 1876. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Ctas. of Dalhotiaie, b. 1878, 

mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D.. q.v. 
Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W., Midsh. R.N., b. 1885. 

r-Dau.-in-law : 

Lady Muriel A. Stuart E., see Hon. Charles above. 

8m-vimng issue of let Bn. Aveland (sists. of present 
E.) : 

(Prksent Earl, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now Hon. Lady Tryon, 
q.v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 1893). 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willoughby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name in 
lieu of Heathcote), b. 1838. Res.. Swinstead Hall, 
Bourne, Line. ; 4 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

ANCRAM, Earl of {Scot. 1633 and 1701), a 
•Jtle of the Lothian Marquessate, borne by the 

heir when the first-bom of the family. * Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian" under Creations. 

ANDERSON, Bishop— see "Riverina." 

ANDERSON, Knight (1). Sir John Anderson, I 
K.C.M.G. (1901), M.A., Gov. of Straits Settmts., 
High Commissi, for Protected States in Malay 
Penias., and Cons.-Gen. for Teriits. of British Nth. 
Borneo Co. ; has been attached to important Com- 
mssns. and Confs., was on Staff of H.R.H. the 
present Prince of Wales on his visit to the | 
Colonies : b. 1858. Bes., Govt. House, Singapore. 

ANDERSON, Knight (2). Sir Bobkrt Anderson, \ 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late i 
Assist. Commissr. Metrop. Police and head of 
Crim. Investig. Dept., a theolog. author: b. 1841, 
mar. 1873 the under-mentioned Lady Agnes 
Anderson. Bes., 39 Linden Gdns., Bayswater, W. 

ANDERSON, Kmght (3). Sir Robert Avder- 
snn, Kt. Bach. (1903), an Alderman of Belfast, 
High Sheriff during the visit of H.M. the King ; 
partner in a drapery bucsiness and Chmn. of Jno. 
Amott and Co. and of Anderson and M'Aulay, 
also of Belfast Y.M.C.A. : b. 1837, mar. 1900 
Wilhelmina, dau. of Rev. Andrew Long. Bes., 
The Park Dunmurry E.S.O., Co. Antrim; 
Donegall PI., Belfast. 

ANDERSON, Knight (4). Sir Robert Eow- 
AND Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., F.R.S.E., 
Hon. R.S.A., a Scottish architect: b. 1834, mar. 
1863. Bes., Allermuir House, Colinton R.S.O., 
Midlothn. ; 16 Rutland Sq.; Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (5). Sir William John 
Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of 
Trinidad and Tobago, prev. of Brit. Honduras, | 
and a Judge in Turk's Is. and Jamaica : b. 1846, i 
mar. 1871 Mary, dau. of the late S. J. Clutsam, ! 
Esq., M.D. Bes., in Brit. Honduras. | 

ANDERSON, Knights' Widows. (1) Hon. { 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumnrez j 
(dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. ' 
Boston, own sist. of Dow. Lady Boston, and \ 
mother of present Bn.), b. 1841, mar., ist, 1859, ! 
Hon. Florance Irby, who became the above 5th i 
Bn. (d. 1877) ; andly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. ! 
Anderson, K.C.B. (d. 1896). Bes., Tannheira, j 
Wimbome Rd., Bournemouth, with her son-in-lav/ i 
Sir H. H. Johnston.— (2) Lady A. (Elizabeth, j 
dau. of the late Jos. Barcroft, Esq.), mar. 1863 \ 
Sir Samuel L. Anderson, Crown Solic. in Ireld. i 
(d. 1886). Bes., 74 Lower Bagot St., Dublin. ' 

ANDERSON, Lady Agnes Alexandrina, \ 
sist. of 9th E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of i 
Sir Robt. Anderson, K.C.B. I 

ANDERSON, Col. Charles Alexander, C.B. j 
(Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. ' 
1878-80, Burma 1885-6, and N.W. Frontier 1897-8, i 
now A.A.G. in Punjab : b. 1857. i 

ANDERSON, Maj. Ernest Chester, D.S.O. j 
(1900-1). R.A.M.C., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1S63. I 

ANDERSON, Graham, CLE. (1894). (Not in i 
Ind. Serv. List.) 

ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1897), | 
late Actg. Commissr. of Derajat, prev. Dep. ! 
Commissr. in Punjab: b. 1851. Club, E. Ind. | 
U. Serv. i 

ANDERSON, Gen. Horace Skarle, C.B. (Mil. I 
1887), LA. Supernum. List; Persia 1856-7, I 
Mutiny, Afghn., and Burma 1885-7, comd. 
Dists. of Bombay 1886-94, Col. 101st Grena- 
diers (Ind.): b. 1833. Bes., Eaygate, Horsham, 

ANDERSON, Biig.-Sui'g. John, CLE. (i88i), 
M.D., F.R.C.P., Lectm'er on Trop. Medicine at 


Directory of Peerage^ 


: St. Mary's Hosp. Med. Sch., i^&s Med. Offr. on 
staff of M. of Bipon in India : b. 1840. Ses., 
9 Harley St., W. 

: ANDERSON, Lieut. John, D.S.O. (I902), 
Q,mr. A.S.C. ; S. Africa 1899-1903, now with 

1 Constab. there : b. 1832. 

[ ANDERSON, John Gerard, I.S,0. (igos), 
I M.A., Under Sec. Dept. of Public Instruction, 
; State of Queensland. Bes., Brisbane. 

ANDERSON, Caiit. Nelson Graham, D.S.O. 
(1QO0-1), A.S.C, S. Africa 1900 : b. 1873- 

ANDERSON, Robert, C.M.G. (1903), M.I.C.E., 
Ch. Yjx^v. of Uganda Govt. Rails., prev. of 
lines in Seotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 
Addrf:oS, Nairobi, Mombasa. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Rowland James Percy, 
D.S O. (igoo-i), nth Hussars ; N. W. Ind. Eront. 
and Uganda, served with Tasm. Imper. Bushmen 
in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), Supt. of 
Registry, Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. William Campbell, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), comdg. 4th Batt. Bord. Regt. 
(Mil.), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army; Niger and Gold 
Coast 1896-9, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1869. Res. , 
Earlswood, Windlesham, Camberley. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Robert Le Geyt. 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), I.A., Egypt 1882; Tirah 1897, 
now Aect.-Gen. to Mil. Dept. India : b. 1850. 
Bes., Simla. 

ANDOE, Knight. Adm. Sir Hilary Gus- 
TAvus ylnfZoe, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902), served in Baltic, 
on E. Coast of Africa, Egypt, and as Princ, j 
Trauspt. Offr. in Transvaal 1881-2 and in E. 
Soudan, ret. 1901, late Adm. -Supt. Chatham 
Dockyd.: b. 1841, mar. 1880 Beatrice Ruperta, ! 
dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, Esq., son of 
3rd Bt. Bes., 2 Elliot Terr., Plvmouth. 

ANDOVER, Viscdunt {Eng. 1622), a title of 
the Suffolk and Berkshire Earldom, borne by 
the heir when a son. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (1). Rfc. Hon. 
Thomas Aiidrews, P.C. [IreJ. 1903), Chmn. of 
Down C.C. during the visit of H.M. the King, is 
also Chmn. Co. Down Rail, and of Ulster Lib. 
Un. Assoc., a flax-spinner : b. 1843, mar. 1870. 
Res., Ardara, Comber R.S.O., Co. Down. 

ANDREWS, pRiv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
William Drennan Andreius, P.C- {Irel. 1897), 
LL.D., Judge of King's Bench Div. High Ct., 
Ireld., formerly of Excheq. and Matrimon. Divs., 
appd. Q,.C. 1872: b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 
Lower Leeson St., Dublin. 

ANGEL, Capt. Thomas Lumbard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), KimberleyTn. Gd. ; Bechuanald. 1896-7, 
and S. Afr. War 1900-1. Res., 33 Roper St., 

ANGIER, Knight. Sir Theodore V. S. Angler, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), a large ship-owner. 

ANGLESEY, Marquess op. Henry Cyril 
Paget, 5th Marq. {U.K.) and a Bt. {Irel.), 
formerly Lieut. 2nd Vol. Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus. : 
son of 4th Marq. and gt. grandson of the Waterloo 
Fd.-Marshal; b. June 16, 1875; sue. 1898 (C.) ; 
mar. same year his cousin Lilian Florence Maud, 
dau. of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the 
Mchss. of Hastings (proceedings were taken to 
annul the mrrge.,but these were eventually with- 
drawn). Seat, Anglesey Castle (Plas Newydd), 
Llanfair P. G. R.S.O., Anglesea. (Mchnss. res., 
39 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W.) 

Creations. Bn. P.aget, Eng. 1552 by -writ; E. of 
Uxbridge, Gt. Br. 1784 ; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815 ; a 
Bt. Iral. 1730.— The 1st Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VI If. and raised to the Peerage under Edwai-d 

VI. The gtli Bn. obtained the Earldom, and his 
successor the Marquessate, he having been greatly dis- 
tinguished in tlie Peninsular War and having at 
Waterloo led the grand' charge which is considered to 
have decided the victory ; he v/as afterwards twice Lord 
Lieut, of Ireland. The line of succession from 1769 has 
descended from Sir Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Bt., who had 
married the heiress of the Paget Bny., and whose son, 
the above gtii Bn. and ist Earl, immediately assumed 
the ancient family name. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd M. (uncle and aunt of present, 
himself sole is.sue of 4th) : 


(The late 3rd Marquess, b. 1821, d. 1880, childless.) 


(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1835, d. 1898.) 

Lady Florence Cecilia, aftds. Mchss. of Hastings 
(which title she retains by courtesy), b. 1842, mar., 
ist., 1864, 4th Marq. of H. (d. i358) ; sudly, 1870, Sir 
Geo. Chetwynd, 4fch Bt., q.v. 

Lord Berkeley Charles Sydney P., formerly Hon. Maj. 
Staffordsh. Yeomanry, b. 1844., mar. 1877 Florence, 
dau. of the Jate Wm. H. Chetwynd, Esq. (Lady 
Berkeley P.). Res., u Upper Wimpole St., W. 
— Dau.-in-laiv : 

Lady Alexander P. (nde Hon. Hester Alice Stapleton- 
Cotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. Combsrmere, b. 1851, mar. 
1S80 the late Lord Alexander Victor P. (d. 1896). 
Res., 14 Southwick Cresc, O.xford Sq., W. Son (ist 
cousin of present Peer) : 
Charles Henky Alexander P., Esq., heir pres. 
to Marquessate, b. 1885. (2nd heir, his bro. 
Victor William, b. 1889.) 
Daus.-in-law of 1st 31. (gt. aunts of present) : 

Lady Alfred P. (Cecilia, dau. of Geo. T. Wyndham, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Gen. Lord Alfred Henry 
P., C.B. (d. 1888). Res., Upper Lodge, Bushey Pk., 
Teddington ; 56 Queen Anne St., W. 

Lady George Augustus, now by 2nd mrrge. (1881) 
Dow. Ctss. of Essex, q.v. (mar., 1st, 1861, Gen. Lord 
Geo. A. Fredlt. P., K.C.B., who died i83o). 

ANGLESEY, Marquess's Widow. Dowager 
Marchioness of A. (Mary Livingstone, dau. 
of J. P. King, Esq., of Georgia, U.S.A., and 
widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), mar. 1880, as 
3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 1898) . Res., 7 Rue 
de I'Ermitage, Versailles. 

ANGUS, Earl of {Scot. 1389)— see "Hamil- 
ton, D. of." 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon, Col. istNewcastle- 
on-Tyne Vol. Artill. : b. 1851. Res., Framlington 
House, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

ANLEY, Capt. Barnett Dyer LempriSre 
Gray, D.S.O. (1900-1), Essex Regt.; with 6th Batt. 
Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1873. 

ANNALY, Baron. Luke White, 3rd Bn. 
{U.K.), a D.L. for Co. Longford, Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Northants. Imper. Yeom., formerly Capt. in 
Scots Gds., served in Egypt 1882 : son of 2nd 
Bn. ; b. Feb. 25, 1857; sue. 1888 {L.U.); mar. 
1884 the Hon. Lilah Georgiana Augusta Constance 
Agar-ElUs, dau. of 3rd Vise. Clifden. Seats, 
Gowran R.S.O., Co. Kilkenny; Holdenby House, 
Northampton ; Luttrellstown, Clonsilla, Co, 
Dublin {let):, town res., 43 Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.K. 1863.— The 1st Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
i Lieutenant of latter. 

I Titled Relatives, . 

j (White.) I 

I Issue of present (3rc?) Bn. : 

I Hon. LvitE Henry W., heir to Barony, 2nd Lieut. 
; 3rd Co. of Lond. Imper. Yeom : b. 1885. (2nd heir, 

I his uncle Hon. Charles James.) 

I Hon. Lilah Charlotte Sarah jr., b. 1889. 
i Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret W., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Ellen, now Ellen, Lady IncMquin {q,.Y., Widow), 
b. 1854, mar. 1874 14th Bn. I. (d. 1900). 

ANN Baronetage^ 

I Hon. Alice, now >'c«ss, Cofce, b, 1855, niiir. 1879 Vice, 
C, see "Jjeicester, 2nd E. 
(Prksent Eahok, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Charles James W., Capfc. Res. cf Offrs,, for- 
merly Capt, Royal Fusiliers and Ch. Commissr. of 
Police in Rhodesia, served in Matabele Campaigns 
of 1893 and 1896 : b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelyn, dau. 
of J. B. Bulkeley-Johnson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles 
IF.). iJes., 2 West Chapel St., Mayfair, W. 

Hon. Robert W., Maj. Res. of Offrs., late Capt. Roy. 
Welsh Fus., and Staff Off. in Rhodesia Horse, 
serTCd in Nile Expedn. 1884-5 and in S. Africa 
1900, and took part, together with his deceased bro. 
Hon. Henry Fredc, in the Jameson Raid (sen- 
tenced to seven months' imprisonment) : b. iBci. 
Ues., 16 Stratton St., Piccadilly, W. 

Hon. Violet, now Lady Percy lit. Main; b. 1869, mar. 
1809 Lord Percy St. M., son of the 14th D. of Somer- 
set (q.v. ) and heir pres. to the Dukedom. 

Hon. Francis William W., b. 1873. 
Surviving daus. of 1st Bv. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 2nd Barox, b. 1829, d. 1888.) 

Hon. Ellen Eliza, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Holden, b. 
1834. mar. i8£:4 the late Col. Henry H. (d. 1898). 
Res., Reedley House, Burnley, Lanes. ; 47 Upp. 
Brook St., V/. 

Hon. Eniihe Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 
1844, mar. 1867 2nd Bn. E., q.v. 
ANNALY, Bakon's "Widow. The Dowager 
! Lady A. (Emily, dau. of Jas. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 

1853 2nd Bn. Annaly (d. 1888). Ties., 22 Gros- 
i venor St., Yi. 

i AI'fNESLEY, family name of Axnesley Earl- 
1 doni and Valentia Viscounty, Index to the two 
] lines : 

I Hn. Algern.S.A. v.Ly. Constance, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 
I Hn. Altisidora, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Lettice, v. 
! Tin. Arthur, v. Hon.]Mrs.Fras.sep. Hn. Sydney A. ^. 

Hn. Mrs. Arthur,A.Hn. Helen, v. Hn. Victoria, v. 

Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hu. Violet, v. 

Ly. Clave, .\. 

ANNESLEY, Earl. Hugh Anne.^Iei/, 5th Earl 
i-lrel.), an Irish llepres. Peer (el. 1877), B.A., a 
D.L, for Co, Down, an M.P. 1857-74 (as Hon. H. 
Annesley), formerly Lt. -Col. Scots Gds., served in 
Kaffir "War of 1851-3 and in Crimea : sou of 3rd E. 
and bro. of 4th; b. Jan, 26, 1831; sue, 1874 
{€'.) ; mar., 1st, 1877, the late Mabel Wilhelmina 
Frances, dau, of Col. Wm, T, Markham (she died 
1891) ; 2ndly, 1892, Priscilla Cecilia, dau. of Wm. 
Armitage Moore, Esq. Seaf.-i, Castlewellan, and 
Donard Lodge, Newcastle E.S.O., both Co. Down ; 
town res., Annesley Lodge, Sussex PL, Regent's 

Cbeations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewellan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Oleirawly (q.v.) 1766; Earl Annesley, 1789.— The ist 
Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yorks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {^th) E.: 


Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Sowerhy, b. 1881, mar. 1504 Lieut. Gerald ,S^., R.N. 

Vise. Glerawly, heir to Earldom : Francis A., b. 
1884. (2nd heir, his ist cousin Walter Beresford ^l. 
b. 1861.) 


Lady Clare A. b. 1893. 
Lady Constance Mary A., b. 1895. 
Dau.-in-Iaiu of ^rd E. (sist.-in-law of present) : 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1830, d. unmri-d. 1874 ) 
(Present Earl, b. 1831.) 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston, Esq.), mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. 
Arth. .A. (d. 1881). Ties., 6 Coburg PL, Kens. Gdns., 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Eeancis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. Newborough, 

ANNESLEY, Maj. James Howard Adolphus, 
D.S.O. (isoo-i), late 3rd Drgn. Gds. ; Tirah 1897-8, 
S. Africa 1900-1, now a Staff Capt. in Pretoria 
Sub-Dist.: b, 1868. 

Knightage^ d'c. ANS iii 

■ ANNESLEY, Mai . "William Richard Norton, 
D.S.O. (i885), Roy, W. Kent Regt. ; Egypt 1886 : : 
b. 1863. 

Gen. Sir Akthur Lytteltox Lijttelton-Annrs!ey , 
K.C.V.O. (1903), Col. nth Hu.ssars, served in 
Crimea and has been A.A.G. at Heiidqrs. and 
A.G. at Bombay, ret. 1898 : b. 1837, assumed 
name of Lyttelton 1884. Res., Templemere, 
Weybridge, Surrey. 

ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, : 
q.v. for " Ladies " and "Hons.," also below. I 

ANSON, Baronet. Sir "Williaji Rkynell I 
Ar.son, 3rd Bt. [U.K. 1831), D.C.L., LL.D., M.P. i 
for Oxford Univ. {L.U.), Pari. Sec. to Bd. of i 
Education, barrister-at-law, Chmn. Oxfordsh. j 
Q-.S., Warden of All Souls Coll., andChanc. of the { 
Diocese of Oxford, late Vice-Chanc. of the 1 
Univ. and foimerly Vinerian Reader in Civ. | 
and Engl. Law : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1843, sue. ! 
1873. Heir pres., his bro. Frederick Arthur (b. i 
1850 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Denis George "William, ■ 
b. 1888). Seat, Birch Hall, Manchester ; res.. All ■ 
Souls Coll., Oxford; Pusey, Faringdon, Berks.; | 
192 Ashley Gdns., "Wcstmr., S.W. ; chamb., 1 i 
Brick Ct., Temple, E.C. i 

ANSON, Bishop {retired). Rt, Rev, Hon. ! 
Adelbert John Robert Anson, D.D., 1st Bp. | 
of Qu'Appelle (Assiniboia, Canada, 1884-92), was | 
"Warden of St. John's Hosp. Lichfield 1893-8, now j 
a Canon of that Cathedral : son of istE. of Lich- i 
field, b. 1840, cons. 1884. lies., The Close, Lich- ■ 

ANSON, Knight. Mai.-Gc-n. Sir Archibald 
} Edward Harbord Anson, K.C.M.G. (1882), R.A. 
! retd. (1879), served in Crimea, and has three times 
I administered Govt, of Straits Settmts., was Insp.- 
i Gen. of Police at Mauritius 1858-65 and Ijt.-Gov. 
I of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1826 (son of 1st Bt. in above ' 
i line), widower. Hes., Southfield, Silverhill, St. 
I -Leonards-on-Sea . 

1 ANSON, Viscount {bi/ courtesy — title U.K. 
j 1800), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 1 

Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absorbed i 

in the Lichfield Earldom. 1 
ANSON, Hons. Mrs. Algernon and Mrs. , 

Frederick, daus, respectively of 6th and 5th \ 

Bns. Vernon. 
ANSON, Capt. Charles Eustace, M.V.O, 

(4th Class, 1901), R.N., Egypt 1882, now comdg. 

H.M.'s Yacht ' Osborne : ' b. 1859. Club, Jun. U. 


ANSTICS, Col. John Arthur, C.B. (Civ. 1904), 
Hon. Col. ;late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 1st Vol. Batt. ! 
Shropsh. L.I. I 

ANSTICE, Col. RoBEi-.T Henry, C.B. (Civ. i 
1902), M.A., Lt.-Col. (retd.) and Hon. Col. 1st j 
Aberdeensh. Vol. R.E. : b. 1843. Bes., Madeley I 
"Wood Hall, Iron Bridge R.S.O., Salop; "West- j 
bourne, Union St., Aberdeen. ' 

ANSTRUT ITER {pron . Anster) , Baronet. Sir i 
Ralph William A^istruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskie i 
[Scot. 1694), a D.L. for Caithness and Fifesh., ] 
Lt.-Col. Comdt. 6th Vol. Batt. Black Watch, for- | 
merly Capt. R.E., has served in Egypt and | 
Bechuanaland : son of 5th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1886, 
mar. same year Mildred Harriet, dau. of the late ' 
Edwd Hussey, Esq. Heir, his son Robert 
Edward (b. 1890; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Henry 
Torrens, b. i860). Seats, Balcaskie, Pittenweem : 
R.S.O., Fifesh. ; Watten R.S.O., Caithness. i 

ANSTRUTHER, Baronet's Widow. Dowager ' 
Lady A. (Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. Wm. K. 
Marshall), mar. 1857 Sir Robt. Anstruther, 5th | 

112 ANS DirecAory of Peerage, 


j Bt. (d. 1886) . Res., Hook Heath, Woking, SuiTey ; 
j 23 De Vere Gdns., Kens,, "Wi 

ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 
4th Bn. Sudeley. 

Sir Windham Frederick Carmichael-Anstruther, 
11th Bt. of Anstruther [Scot. 1694) and 7th of 
CarmiGhael {Gt. Br. 1798), Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Scotld. : son of 10th Bt., 
b. 1902, sue. 1903. Heir, his ist cousin once 
removed, Gerald Yorkk G.-A. (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
I heir, latter's bro. Eiic George Basil, b. 1874). 
I Seat, Carmichael House, Thankerton R.S.O., 
Lanarks ; town res., 23 De Vere Gdns., Kens., W. 

Widows, (i) Dowager Lady C.-^. (Mary Anne, 
dau. of Jno. Parsons, Esq.), mar. 1859, as 3rd 
wife, Sir Windham Carmichael-Anstruther, 8th 
Bt. (d. 1869). Res., 23 De Vere Gdns., Kensington, 
W.— (2) Lady C.-A. (Sylvia, dau. of Sir Fredk. 
M. Darley, G.C.M.G.), mar. 1901 Sir Windham 
Bobt. Carmichael-Anstruther, loth Bt. (d. 1903). 
Res., with the infant present Bt. 

dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe. 

ANTIGUA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Herbert 
Mather, D.D., 5th Bp., late Dean of Inverness, 
formerly Princ. of Carmarthen Training Coll. : 
b. 1840, mar. 1872, cons. 1897. Res., Clare Hall, 

ANTILL, Lt.-Col. JohnMacquarie, CB. (Mil. 
1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Rifles; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, now on Staff of Austral. Commonwealth 
Forces and Ch. Instr. of Mtd. Troops in N.S.W. : 
b. 1866. Res., Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl of. William Randal 
M'DonneU, iith Earl {Irel., 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly Lieut. Tyrone 
Fusiliers : son of loth (5th) E. ; b. Jan. 8, 1851 ; 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 Louisa Jane, V.A., dau. of 
Gen. Hon. Chas. Grey and a Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to H. M. the Queen. Seat, Glenarm 
Castle, Larne, Co. Antrim. 

Creatiox. E. of Antrim and Viae. Dunluce, Irel., new 
patent 1785 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John, Lord of the Isles, 
I who married a daughter of King Robert II. His de- 
I scendants, however, were more than once in rebellion, 
j and after the execution of one of them, with four of his 
I six sons, in 1494, the two surviving sons fied to Ireland, 
i but returned later on, and in 1529 " ravaged the lands of 
I the Campbells with fire and sword" ( Burke'). The 
next representative of the family was at war with both 
the Irish and English, but became possessed of lands in 
! Ireland and eventually settled down as a faithful sub- 
j ject of Queen Elizabeth, lie was made a free citizen 
of Ireland, and married the daughter of the Earl of 
Tyrone. His son Sir Kandal MacSorley MacDounell 
obtained the Peerage. The 6th Earl, having no male 
issue, procured the right of succession for his daughters 
and their male issue, so that there was never any 
interruption in the line : the present Eai'l is therefore 
actually the nth, though holding his title from a 
patent under which he is only the 6th. The 2nd Earl of 
the original creation was promoted to be Marq. of 
Antrim, and that title continued till the death of the 
6th, not being included in the extended remainder to 
daughters. The 2nd of these married Lord Mark Robert 
Kerr, but her son, on succeeding as gtb Earl, resumed 
the former name of M'Donnell. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (llth) E. : 

Lady Sibyl Mary, now Lady S. Smith, b. 1876, mar. 
1897 Vivian Hugh /S., Esq. Res., 36 Hertford St., 
Mayfair, W. 

Vise. Dunluce, heir to Earldom : Randal Mark Kerr 

M'D., b. 1878, mar. 1904 Margaret Isabelj rtp.u. of 
Rt. Hon. J. G. Talbot, M.P. 
Hon. Angus M'D., 2nd heir, b. 1881. 

Surviving issue of lOth E. (bros. and sistS. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Hon. Mark Henry Horace WD., formerly Lieutj 
Roy. Irish Regt., b. 1852, man 189a Emily Fanny 
Dorothy, dau. 'of Sir Geo. R. Osbom, 6th Bt. 
(Hon. Mrs. Horace M'D.). 

Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady C. Bertie, b. 1853, 
mar. 1881 Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edwd. B.t son of 
6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. 

Hon. Alexander M 'D., a clerk in House of Lords, b. 
1857. Rn8., 103 Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 

Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. 1858, 
mar. 1878 Henry Chas. H., Esq., gt. nephew of latb 
D. of Norfolk. Res., Greystoke Castle, Penrith, 

Lady Evelyn M 'D., b. i860. Res., with Hon. Alex. ' 
Hon. Sir Schomberg Kerr M'D., K.C.B., b. 1861, see 

"M Donnell, Kt. i." 
Lady Jane Grey, now The Lady Clinton, b. 186^, mar. 

1886 Hon. Chas. Jno. Robt. H.-S.-F.-Trefusis, now 

aist Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. (" Nina ") £aZ/oMr. b. 1861; 

mar. 1888 Chas. Barrington i;. , Esq., M.P. Res., 

Newton Don, Kelso, Roxburgh ; Balfour House, 

Balgonie, Markinch, Fifesh. ; 14 Grosvenor Cresc, 


Dau. o/Qth E. (ist cousin of present) : 

Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see "Mac Gregor, Bt.'s 

Dau.-in-law of Ctss. Sth in line (being aimt of 
present E.) — surname Kerr: 
(The late 9th Earl, b, 1812, d. 1855.) 
(The Uite loth Earl, b. 1814, d. 1869.) 
Hon. Mrs. Arthur Kerr (Agnes Steuart, dau. of J. 
H. Frankland, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg K. (d. 1856). Res., s Beaufort 
Gdns., Brompton Rd., S.W. 

ANTROBUS, Baronet. Col. Sir Edmund 
A7itrohu.<!, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1815), formerly comdg. 
3rd Batt. Gren. Gds., served in Suakin Expedn. 
1885, ret. 1903 : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1899, 
mar, 1886 Florence, dau. of the late Capt. Jules 
A. Sartoris. Beir, his son Edmund (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Cosmo Gordon, b. 1859). Seat, 
Amesbury Abbev, Salisbury. 

ANTROBUS, Reginald Laurence, C.B. (Civ, 
1898), B.A., head of West African Dept. in Colon. 
Ottice, admind. Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has 
been Priv. Sec. to four For. Sees.: b. 1853. 

AOSTA— see "D'Aosta." 

APLIN, Lt.-Col. John George Orlebar, 
C.M.G. (1899), Insp.-Gen. of Lagos Constab., and 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. D. of Cornwall's 
L.I. (Mil.). Res.. Lagos, W. Africa. 

APLIN, Maj. Philip John Hantham, D.S.O. 
(1904), I.A., Afghn., Burma, Somalild. 1903-4: 
b. 1859. 

APPELBE, Col. Edward Bkn.jamin, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), 1st Class Olfr. in Army Ordnance Dept.; 
Zululd., Soudan 1884-5 and 1888-9, and S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1855. Club, Imper. Serv. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), Priv. Sec. to Marq. of Londonderry : , 
b. 1846. ffes., South End, Dm-ham. I 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
1st class clerk in Scotch Educ. Dept.: b. 1857. 

APPLEYARD, Maj. -Gen. Frederick Ernebt, 
CP. (Mil. 1875), Burma 1852, Crimea, and Afghn. 
1678-9, ret. I884 : b. 1829. Res., Tarakai, Sur- 
biton, Surrey. 

APPLIN, Capt. Reginald Vincent Kempen- 
feldt, D.S.O. (1902), Roy. Garrison Regt. ; opera- 
tions in India 1894 &c. and S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1869. 

APSLEY, Lord {bt/ courtesy—title Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 


ARBUCKLE, Knight. Hon. Sir William 
Arhuckle. Kt. Bach. (1902), Agent-Gren. for Natal 
in London, late Pres. Leg. Counc, Colon. Treas., 
(fee: b. 1839, mar. 1865 Henrietta, dati. of Hy. 
Shire, Esq . 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Sir Robert Keith 
Arbuthnot, 4fhBt. {U.K. i823),M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), Flag-Capt. to Com.-in-Ch. at Portsmouth : 
son of 3rd Bt., b. 1864, sue. 1889, mar. 1897 Lina, 
dau. of Col. Alex. C. Macleay, C.B. Heir pres., his 
bro. Maj. Dalrymple J., R.A. (b. 1867 ; 2nd heir, 
next surv. bro., William Fitzgerald, b. 1875). 

ARBUTHNUT, Knight (1). Sir Alexander 
Jons A7buthnot,K.G.S.l. (1873), CLE. (1878), late 
Memb. Cotmc. of India, fomierly of that of the 
Viceroy, and Vice-Chanc. Madras and Calcutta 
Univs., temp. Gov. of Madras 1872 : son of late 
Bp. of Killaloe, b. 1822, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, 
Constance Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 
3rd Bt. Ees., Newtown House, Newbury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight (2). Sir George Gough 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), partner in a merchant 
and banking iirm at Madras and an M.L.C : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Isabella, 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Richd. C. Boyle (son of 
8th E, of Cork). Ees., 4 Grosvenor Cresc, Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Caroline Charlotte, dau. of Wm. Clarke, Esq., 
M.D., of Barbados), mar. 1868 Gen. Sir Chas. G. 
Arbuthnot, G.C.B. (d. 1899). Res., 49 Charleville 
Rd., W. Kens., W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Capt. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1902), Scots Gds., now on Staff; S. 
Africa 1900-1, late A.D.C. to Gov. of Hong Kong : 
b. 1875. 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty when a son. 

ARBUTHNOTT {prnn . Ar'buthnot) , Viscount. 
David Arbuthnott, 11th Vise. {Scot.) : son of 
9th V. and bro. of 10th; b. Jan. 29, 1845; sue. 
1895; unmrrd. Arbuthnott House, Fordoun, 
I Kincardinesh. 

1 Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. 
1641.— The ist Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 
Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatt^-es. 


Surviving issue of gth V. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 
1838, mar. 1864 the late Alex. S., Esq. (d. 1901). 
Res., Campfield, Glassell K.S.O., Aberdnsh. 
(The late loth Viscount, b. 1843, d. childless 1895.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Hugh A., heir pres. to Viscounty, formerly 

Lieut. 8ist Foot : b. 1847. Res., with the Peer. 
Hon. William A., 2nd heir, b. 1849. \Res., as pre- 
Hon. Margaret b. i8s4. J ceding. 

Dau. of 8th V. (aunt of present) : 
(The late gth Viscount, b. 1806, d. 1891.) 
Hon. Anne Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Cheape, 

b. 1813, mar. 1847 the late Alex. C, Esq. (d. 1892). 

Jtes., Lathockar, also Strathtyrum (with her son 

— see under " Airlie, 7th E."), both nr. St. 

Andrews, Pifesh. 

— Daus.-in-laio: 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh A. (Susannah Morrison, dau. of 
the late Jno. Campbell, Esq.), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. 1866). Res., Downside, 
Otley Rd., Harrogate. 
Hon. Mrs. David A. (Eliza, dau. of Thos. F. 
[ Reynolds, Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Hon. David A., 
t C.S.I, (d. 1901). Res., Fairlawn, Paignton, Devon. 

ARa 113 

ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), a Dep. Commissr. in Assam : b. 1858. I 

ARCHDALE, Col. Hugh James, C.B. (Mil. i 
1902), Lines. Regt. ; Soudan 1885, Burma 1886-7, i 
and S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1854. j 

ARCHDALE, Capt. Theodore Montgomery, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1901: b. ! 

ARCHDALL, Bishop— see "Killaloe." 

ARCHER, Thomas, CM.G. (1884), formerly 
Agent-Gen. for Queensland : b. 1823. Ees., 
Gracemere, Queensland. 

ARCHER, William John, C.M.G. (1902), late 
Consul at Bangkok, and formerly Acting Cons, 
at Rio Grande do Sul ; now Judge of H.M.'s Court 
for Siam: b. 1861. Res., Bangkok, Siam. 

ARCHIBALD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady 
A. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. Burnyeat), 
mar. 1843 Sir Adams G. Archibald, K.C.M.G., ! 
Ch. Sec. &c. for Nova Scotia (d. 1892). Res., The 
Cottage, Truro, Nova Scotia. —(2) Lady./4. (Sarah, 
dau. of the late Richd. Smith, Esq., of Dudley), 
mar. 1841 Hon. Sir Thos. D. Archibald, Judge 
of Queen's Bench (d. 1876). Res., The Hawthorns, i 
2 Carlton Rd., Putney, S.W. 

ARDAGH, Bishop of — see " Kilmore." 

ARDAGH, KxiGHT. Maj. -Gen. Sir John 
Charles Ardnqh, K.C.M.G. (1902"), K.C.I.E. 
(1894), C.B. (Civ. 1878, Mil. 1884), R.E., A.I.C.E., 
F.R.C.S.,F.R.G.S., served in Egypt, Soudan, &c., 
ret. 1902, was A.A.G. in Nile Expedn. and aftds. 
at Headqrs., an Extra A.D.C to Com.-in-Ch. 
1887-96, has served also on various Cmttees., 
Confs., and Missions, and been Priv. Sec. to two 
Viceroys of India, is a memb. of Ct. of Internat. 
Arbitr. and Brit. Dir. of Suez Canal : b. 1840, mar. 
1896 Susan, Ctss. of Malmeshury, q.v. Res., 113 
Queen's Gt., S.W. 

ARDAGH, Capt. George Haloing, D.S.O. 
(1902), Res. of Oftrs., late gth Batt. Imper. Yeom.; 
S. Africa; b. 1861. Res., Shortlands, Staines. 

ARDEE, Lord {by courtesy — title Ld. Brabazon, 
Bn. A., Irel. 1616), eld. son and heir of E. of 

ARDEN, Baron {Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
" Egmont, E. of." 

n.ame in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise Baillie-Haniilton. 

ARDFERT, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

ARDILAUN, Baron. Arthur Edward 
Guinness, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., M.A., 
LL.D., a D.L. for Cos. Galway and Kerry and j 
Co. and City of Dublin, an M.P. 1868-9 and i 
1874-80: son of Sir Benj. L. Guinness, 1st Bt.. i 
M.P. ; b. Nov. 1, 1840; sue. as 2nd Bt. 1868^ I 
cr. Bn. 1880 (C.) ; mar. 1871 Lady Olivia Charlotte j 
White, dau. of 3rd E. of Bantry. Heir, to Peerage \ 
none; to Baronetcy his nephew Algernon j 
Arthur St. Lawrence Lee G. (b. 1883 ; 2nd j 
heir, latter's bro. Kenelm Edward Lee, b. 1887). ' 
Seats, Ashford, Co. Galway, Cong R.S.O. ; St. 
Anne's, Clontarf , Dublin ; Muckross, Killarney ; 
town res., 11 Carlton House Terr., S.W. 1 

Creations. U.K.: A Bt. 1867; Bn. Ardilaun, 1880.— I 
No issue. Bn. Iveash is his younger brother. The 1st | 
Bt. had restored the half-inined Cathedral of St. Patrick i 
at his own cost, and was for this liberality permitted to ! 
bear supporters in his coat of arms. ; 

ARDROSSAN, Baron {U.K. 1806)— see I 
" Eglinton and W., E. of." 

ARGYLL, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. James Robert 
Alexander Chinnery-Haldane, D.D., LL.M., 
Bp. of Argyll and the Isles, prev. Dean of | 

Baronetage^ Knightage, &c. 

i 114 ARG Directory of Peer age, 

same, and formerly Incumbt. of St. Bride's, { 
Locliaber : b. 1842, cons. 1883, mar. and assumed 
name of CMnnery 1864. Ees., Alitshellaeh, Onieh 
R.S.O., Inverness-sh.. 

ARGYLL, Duke of. John Douglas Suthee- 
LAND Campbell, gth Duke {Scot., and of U.K.), 
K.T.(i87i),P.C. {Gt. Br. 1875), G.C.M.G. (1878), 
G.C.V.O. (1901), V.D., LL.D. ; Heritable Master 

■ of H.M.'s Househd. in Scotland, Keeper of Dun- 
staffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick Castles, and 

' Keeper of tbe Great Seal of Scotland, Lord 
: Lieut, and Hered. High Sheriff of Argyllshire, 
i Admiral of the Western Isles, a D.L. for Dum- 
I bartonsh., and Gov, of Windsor Castle, formerly 

■ Gov.-Gen. of Canada, is Hon. Col. 1st Argyll and 
Bute Vol. Artill., of 7th Middx. Rifle Vols. (Lond. 
Scott.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Highld. L. I., of 6th Batt. 
Lane. Fus. (Mil.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. and 
Suthd. Highldrs., and of Argj'llL. I. (15th Canad. 
L.I.) ; an M.P. 1868-78 and 1895-1900 ; head of the 
house of Campbell : son of 8th D.; b. Aug. 5, 1845 ; 
sue. 1900 {L. U.) ; mar. 1871 H.R.H. the Princess 

; Louise (see Roy. Fam.). Seat, Roseneath House, 
Dumbartonsh. ; toivn res., Kensington Palace, W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 1445 ; E. of Argyll, 1457 ; 
Lcl. Lome, 1470 ; D. of Argyll, M. of Lome (Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E.of Campbell and Cowall,V.of Lochow and Glenyla, 
and Ld. of Inveraray, Mull, Morvern, and Tirie, 1701. Gt. 
7jV. ; Bn. Sundridge, 1766, and Bu. Hamilton of Ham- 
Meden, 1776. U.K. : D. of Argyll, iSgz.^Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, wbo was knighted in 1280 by 
Alexander IIL, was called by the Gaelic title Mae 
Callum M6r— ie., Mac Galium the Great (his father 
was called Cailin Mdr, and the two similar forms have 
betn confused and led to several variations). This chief 
was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
{ Colin's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
I Bruces, and came to be created successively Lords 
Campbell and Earls of Argyll. Th.e 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The 8th received the 
I title of Marq. of Argyll, but it died with hira, he being 
executed, with the instrument termed " the Maiden,"f or 
I having supported Cromwell. The gtli was sentenced to 
[ the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
j the trainofhisstep-daughter.butwastakeninanattempt 
I to invade Scotland, and the previous sentence was then 
j carried into effect. The looh Earl was created a Duke in 
} the Peerage of Scotland, and the late 8th Duke nearly 
; two centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom. The 
t British title of Bn. Sundridge was awarded to the sth 

■ Duke, and his wife was shortly afterwarde made Bnss. 
' Hamilton of Hambleden. 

\ Titled Relatives. 


■ Surviving issue of Bth D. (bros. and sists. of 
j present) : 

j (Present Duke, b. 18^5.) 

I Lord Archibald (7., ncir pres. to Dukedom, a D.L. 

for Argyllsh., a senior partner in the bank of 
I Coutts and Co., formerly Capt. 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. 

; and Suthd. Highldr.s. : b. 1846, mar. 1869 Janey 

Sevilla, dau. of the late Jas. 11. Callander, Esq. 
; (Lady Archibald C). iJes., Coombe Hill Farm, 

Kingston-on-Thames ; 14 Hill St., Knightsbridge, 

S.W. (and heir, his son Niall Diarmaid, b. 1872.) 
Lady Edith, now Dchss. of Northumberland, h. 1S49, 

mar. 1868 Earl Percy, now 7th Duke of N., q.v. 
Lord George Granville 6'., Lieut. R.N. retired, b. 1850, 

mar. 1879 Sibyl Lascelles, dau. of the late Jas. B. 

Alexander, Esq. (Lady George C). Res., 2 Brya.n- 

ston Sq., W. 

Lady Victoria G., b. 1854. Res., The Lodge, Tiree, 

Oban, Argyllsh. 
Lady Evelyn, now Lady E. Baillie- Hamilton, b. iDss, 

mar. 1886 James Esq. 
Lady Frances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. 1858, mar. 

1879 Col. Eustace J. Antli. B., A.D.C. Res., 32 

Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Lady Mary Emma, now Lady M. Gli/n, b. 1859, mar. 

1882 Rt. Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr (?., Bp. of 

Peterborough, q.v. 


Lady Constance Harriet, now Lady Const. Emmott, 
b. 1864, mar. 1891 Cha«. E., Esq. Res., Snow Hall, 
Gainford, Darlington, 

— Dau.'in-Iavj : 

Lady Colin G. (Gertrude Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Edmd. M. Blood, Ef3q.), mar. 1881 the late Lord 
Colin G. (b. 1853), but obtd. judic. sep. 1884 (he died 
189s). Res., 67 Carlisle Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 

ARGYLL, Duke's WiDO\Y. Dowager Duchess 
OF A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine. dau. of the 
late Archibald M'Neill, Esq., W.S., of Colon- 
say), formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman 
and Sec. to Queen Victoria ; mar. 1895, as 3rd 
wife, Sth D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.S., an 
eminent statesman, orator, and scientist (d. 1900). 
lies., Macharioch. Campbeltown, Argyllsh. 

ARKLOW, Baron- — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of " ( U.K. 18S1, Roy. Fam.) and " Ormonde, 
M. of" {i.Irel. 1302— a traditional title) . 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Kenyon. 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mary Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON AND EUSTON, Earl of (1672)— see 
"Grafton, D. of." 

ARMAGH, Archbishop of. His Grace the Rev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., iioth Abp. of Armagh and Primate of 
All Ireland, formerly Dean of Emly : b. April 13, 
1824, widower, cons. Bp. of Derry and Raphoe 
1867, transl. to Armagh 1896. Is the only sur- 
viving Irish Prelate who was consecrated prior to 
Disestablishment. Bes., The Palace, Armagh. 

*** The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Clogher, Derry, Down, Kilmore, Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Earl of {Irel. 1799) — see "Cumber- 
land, H.R.H. Duke of" (Roy. Family). 

ARMITAGB, Capt. Cecil Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(iQOi), 3rd Batt. S. Wales Borderers (Mil.); 
Ashanti 1900: b. 1869. 

ARMITAGE, Rev. Robert, D.S.O. (1902), 
M.A., Chapl. to Forces in S. Africa i899-is02j 
prev. in Barbados : b. 1857. 

ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry 
Armstrong FitzPatrick Watson- Armstrong, 1st 
Bn. of new creation {U.K.), M.A., D.C.L., a D.L. 
and C.C. for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 1899), 
Maj. N'thumb. Imper. Yeom., Dir. of Elswiek 
Arsenal and of N.E. Rail., a Commissr. of River 
Tyne : son of Jno. Wm. Watson, Esq., of Adder- 
stone Hall, N'thumb., and gt. nephew of the late 
Bn. A. of former line ; b. May 3, 1863 ; cr. Baron 
1903 (C) ; assumed name of Armstrong by licence 
1889; mar. same j^ear Winifreda, dau. of Gen. Sir 
Jno. M. Adye, G'.C.B. Seats, Bamburgh Castle 
R.S.O., and Cra,gside, Rothbuvy, both N'thumb. ; 
Jesmond Dene, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; toivn res., 
93 Eaton Hq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 
Peerage of same title lasted 1887-1900). 


Hon. William John Montagu W.-A., heir to Bny., 

b. 1892. (No 2nd heir.) 
Hon. "\'/inifreda Margaret W.-A., b. 1894. 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet 0/ Ashburn Place. 
Capt. Sir George Carlyon Hughes Armstrong, 1st 
Bt. ( U.K. 1892), proprietor of the G-lobe newspaper 
and founder of the People, formerly a Capt. in 
Bengal Ai-my, served diuing Mutiny : son of 
Col. Geo. C. Ai-mstrong, b. 1836, mar. 1865 Alice 


Baronetage, Knightage, i&c. 



FitzEoy, dau. of the late Eev. Chas. J. Furlong. 
Heir, his son George Elliot (b. i865, Lieut; R-N, 
md editor of the GJohe; and heir, latter's son 
&eorge Carlyon, b. 1896). Ees., 39 Cadogan Sq., 

ARNOLD, Lady Ciiaelotte Georgiana, dau. 
of 3rd M. of Cholmondeleyi 

ARNOLD, Col. SxAyLP.Y, C,B. (Civ, 1904), late 
comdg. Lancashire R.G.A. (Mil.). 
ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 

ARMSTRONG, BAR0NET«/(?aZZen. Sir Andrew j 4i''nV^\^\, If -^i^'^P^^-b^^^^ ^S'l 
arve..^,...,.;,,, 3rdBt.'(.^A'. .84.), se^^ed Lt-Col. g^f , ^hesh^^^^^^^ 

Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. Williams, 2nd Bt. 
of Tregullow. Heir, his son John (b. 


in S. Africa 1900-1, formerly Capt. 3rd Batt 
Leinst. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. i855, sue. 
1899. Heir pres., his bro. Nesbitt William (b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, their 1st cousin Edmund Clarence 
Richard, b. 1879). Ees., Gallen Priory, Eerbane 
R.S.O., King's Co. 
ARMSTRONG, Bishop— see " Wangarratta." 
ARMSTRONG, Knight. Sir Walter Arm- 
strong, Kt. Bach. (1899), B.A., R.H.A., Dir. of 
Nat. Gall, of Ireland and is author of works 
on art: b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily Rose. dau. 
of Chas. C. Eerard, Esq. Res., Ceanchor House, 
Howth, Co. Dublin. 

ARMSTRONG, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Charlotte, dau. of the late S. Campbell Simpson, 
Esq., and widow of T. K. Tiilotson, Esq., and of 
Adm. Sir W. King-Hall, K.C.B.), mar. 1894, 3rd 
husb., Sir Alex. Armstrong, K.C.B., E.R.S., who 
served in search for Sir J. Eranklin and the dis- 
covery of the N.W. Passage (d. 1899). Bes., The 
Elms, Sutton Bonnington, Loughborough, Leic. 

ARMSTRONG, Maj. Gerald Denne, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. Y/arwicks. Regt.; S. Africa 1S99- 
1900 : b. 1865. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt.-Col. Oliver Cauleton, 
D.S.O. (1902), I.A., Burma 188S, and S. Africa 
1899-1901 : b. 1859. 

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 1898), late 
Dir. of Art Div. S. Kens. Mus. : b. 1832. Res., 
The Abbot's House, King's LanglevR.S.O., Herts. 

ARMSTRONG, Y/ATSON-, family name of 
4.RMSTK0NG Barony. 

ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armytage, 6th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1738), F.S. A., Chmn. 
uanc. andYorks. Rail. Co.: son of 5th Bt., b. 1842, 
sue. 1899, mar. 1893, 2nd wife, Mary Georgiana, 
lau. of the late Henry A. Littledale, Esq. Heir, 
lis son Capt. George Ayscough A. (b. 1872 ; 2nd 
leir, latter's son John Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, 
llirklees Pk., Brighouse, Yorks. ; toivn res., 27 
Cambridge Sq., W. 

! ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
, Gentn. Usher to H.M. : b. 1853. Bes., 26 
Buckingham Pal. Mansns., S.W. 
i ARMYTAGE, Hon. Mrs. William — see 
1 ' Hotham, Kt.'s Widow." 

ARNOLD, Knight. Sir Alfred Arnold, Kt. 
i?ach. (1903), an M.P. 1895-1900, barrister-at-law 
! nd a manufacturer : b. 1835, mar. igoi, 2nd wife, 
I'lary, widow of Jos. Collins, Esq. 7?e5., Wood- 
foyde, Halifax; 28 Yictoria St., S.Yf. 
\ ARNOLD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
i Amelia ElizRbeth, dau. of the late Capt. H. B. 
! lydo), mar. 1867 Sir Arthur Arnold, formerlv an 
, I.P. and Chmn. L.C.C., first Editor of the Echo 

1. 1902). i?es., Hyde Hill, Dai-tmouth, Devon; 
15 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W.— (2) Lady A. 

Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese ladv, mar. 1897, 
[ s 3rd wife. Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., a 
! istinguished orientalist and poet, author of ' The 
l ight of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904). Res., 31 Bolton 
I dns., Earl's Ct., S.W. 

. ARNOLD, Lt.-Col. Alfred James, D.S.O- 
, 897), Niger-Soudan Campaign 1897, S. Africa 
, )00, now serving with the Portug. Mozambique 
[3.: b. 1866. Res., Beira, Mozambique; Heath- 
( 'urt, Bournemouth. 


heir, next son, Laui'iston John, b. 1891). Res., 
68 Menion Sq., Dublin. 

ARNOTT, EITZGERALD-, Baronet's Widow. 
Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the late Rev. 
Edwd. L. Eitzgerald), mar. 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Jno. Amott, ist Bt. (d. 1898, assumed 1902 the 
additl. name Fitzgerald) . Res. , Woodlands, Cork ; 
Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. Dublin. 

ARNOULD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Anne Pitcaim, dau. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 
Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife. Sir Jos. 
Amould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 

AliRAN {pron. Am), Earl op. Arthur 
Jocelyn Charles Gore,^t\i Earl (Irel.) and a Bt., 
sits as Bn. Sudley {U.K.) ; Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Civil Service Vol. Rifles, late Maj. Roy. Horse 
Gds., served in Egyptn. Cav. 1896-7 and in S. 
Africa 1900 : son of 5th E. ; b. Sept. 14, 1868 ; 
sue. 1901 (Z.) ; mar. 1902 Mathilde Jacqueline 
Marie Beauelerk, dau. of Bn. Huyssen van 
Kattendyko, of the Hague. Seat, Castle Gore, i 
Baliina, Co. Mayo. — See follg. art. for the Scottish ' 
Earldom of Arran. { 

Crkations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn. 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U.K. : Bn. Svidley, 1884. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to the Peerage, obtaining ))oth 
Irish creations. The late gth Eavl was given the U.K. 

Titled Relative.^. 


Issue of present {6tk) E. : 

YiscouKT Srni.Ev, heir to Earldom : Arthur Paul 
John Charles James G., b. 1503. (2nd heir— to Ix'ish 
titles, not U.K. Bny.— Sir I'rancis Charles G., son 
of the late Hon. Charles and the undei'-mentioned 
Lady Augusta G., b. 1846.) 

Issue of ^fh E. (sists. and hxlf-sist. of present) : 


Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Ctss. of Airlie 
(a. v., Vfidow), b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th Earl of A. (d. 


Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, b. 1867, 
mar. 1887 Vise. Cranborne, now 4th Marq. of S., q.v. 

(PliE.SENT Eaul, b. i863.) 

Lady Esther Caroline Georgiana, now Lady E. Smith, 
b. 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. Wm. F. Danvers S., M.P., 
heir to Hambleden Viscounty, q.y. 


Lady Winifred Helena LetticeO?., b. iSgt. 
Surviuing issne of ^fJi E. (aunts of present) : 
(The late gth Earl, b. 1839, d. igoi.t 
Lady Caroline Annesley, now The Lady Ruthven, b. 

1848, mar. 1869 8th Bn. K., q.v. 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta G., b. 1855. 
Lady Mary Napier, now Lady M. Ewart, b. 1858, niar. 

1889 I£erbt. Brisbane E., Esq. Res., 8 West Eaton 

PL, S.W. 

Sist.-in-law of ^th E. (gt. aunt of present) : 

Lady Augusta Lavinia PrisciUa G. (nee Ponsonby), 
dau. of 4th E. of Bessborough and by ist mrrge. 
Countesj of Kerry (courtesy-title, retained by eti- 
quette) : b. 1814, mar. 1845, and husb., the late Hon. 
Chas. Alex. G. (d. 1857, having been raised to rank 
of an Earl's son). Res., West Side, Wimbledon 
Common, S. W. 

ARRAN, Earl of (-S'coM643)- 
I. of," also prev. art. 

-see " Hamilton, 

K 2 

ii6 ABE, 

Directory of Peerage, 


ARUAN, Eael's Widow. Dowager Countess 
OF A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
Reilly, Esq., and widow of Hon. Jno. M. Stopford, 
son of 4th E. of Courtown), formerly a Lady in 
Waitihg to H.E.H. Prss. Chri.stian : mar. 1889, 
as 2nd wife, 5th E. of Arran (d. 1901). Ees., 
I Queen Anne's Mead, Windsor. 

ARROL, Knigkt. Sir William Arrol, Kt. 
Bach. (1890), LL.D., F.R.S.E., M.P. for S. Ayr- 
\ shire {L.U.), a D.L. for Co. of City of Glasgow, 
head of the Dalmarnoek Ironworks Co., contrac- 
tors for the Tay and Forth Bridges (served ap- 
prenticeship as a blacksmith) : b. 1839, mar. 1864 
Elizabeth, dau. of Danl. Pattison, Esq. Res., 
Dennistoun, Glasgow ; Seafield, Ayr ; offices, 32 
Victoria St., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Baronet 0/ Carlung. Sii' Matthew 
Arthur, 1st Bt. [U.K. 1903), a D.L. for Ayrsh. 
i and for Co. of Citv of Glasgow, a Dir. of Glasg. 
[ and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
! of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.U. Assoc. : 
i son of Jas. Arthur, Esq., b. 1852, mar. 1879 Janet 
Stevenson Bennett, dau. of the late Alex. B. 
M'Grigor, Esq., LL.D. JJeir, his son James Cecil, 
(b. 18^ ; no 2nd heir). Sent, Carlung, West Kil- 
bride R.S.O,, Ayrsh. ; res, Fullarton, Troon, same 
i Co. i 
I ARTHUR, Baronet 0/ Wesimwster. Sir j 
, George Comtton Archibald Arilmr, 3rd Bt. | 
, [U.K. 1841), Hon. Capt. in the Army, formerly I 
Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., served in Egyptian and j 
j Nile Campaigns and in S. Africa 1900 : son of 
i 2nd Bt., b. i860, sue. 1878, mar, 1898, as 2nd husb., | 
j Kate HaiTiet, dau. of the late Horatio Brandon, 
Esq., and widow of Arthur R. Yates, Esq. Heir 
pres., his uncle John Raynor A. (b. 1830; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Sigismund Raynor, b. 1867). 
Res., 38 Brompton Sq., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur, Kt. 
i^ach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sherifl' of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, ' 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Bes., Calcutta. 

ARTHUR, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
Monteagle of Brandon. 

ARUNDEL, Knight. Sir Arundel Tagg 
Arundel, K. C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865, laceM.L.C. andCh. Sec. to Govt, of Madras, 
has been a and Sessions Judge, Collector, 
&c., now a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1843, 
mar. 1875 Catherine Helen, dau. of the late J. D. 
Sim, Esq., C.S.I. Pies., Simla and Calcutta. 

ARUNDEL AND SURREY, Earl of (Arundel 
Eng. 1155 and 1433, Surrey 1483), a double title 
of the Norfolk Dukedom, borne by the heir when 
a son. 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell op 
I Wardour Barony (but for Hon. Geo. V. A. 
Monckton- Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V."). 

ARUNDELL, Count— see "Arundell of War- 

ARUNDELL, MONCKTON-, family name (in 
part) of the Galway Viscounty, more usually 
"Monckton "—see "Arundell" al30ve. 

John Francis Arundell (pron. Arr'nndel), 12th 
Bn. {Eng.), a Count of the Holu Boman Kmp. 
(1595), a D.L. for Wilts. : son of 11th Bn. ; b. 
Dec. 28, 1831; sue. 1862 {€.); mar. same year 
Anne Lucy, dau. of Jno. Errington, Esq. Seat, 
Wardour Castle, Tisbury, Wilts. 

Creation. Bn. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. 1605.— Sir 
Thos. Ariuidell obtained his German title for services in 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the 

standard of the Turks with his own hand ; on his return 
home he was created ist Bn. Arundell. The 3rd Bn. 
.suffered five years' imprisonment from the false aceusa' 
tion of Titus Gates, but on his liberation he was 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of iith Bn. (bro. and half-sists. of 
present) : 


(Pkesent Baron, b. 1831.) 

Rev. the Hon. Everard Alovsius Gonz.yga A., B.A., 
heir pres. to Barony, priest of the Church of 
Rome : b. 1834. Res., Westbourne, Bournemouth 
West. (2nd heir, his 2nd cousin once rem., Edgar 
Clifford descended in 5th generation from 6th 
Bn., b. 1859.) 


Hon. Cecily jVlary A., a. nun, b. 1845. 
Hon. Gertrude Ma,ry A.,h. 1848. 

ASH, BERESFORD-, Lady Florence Marion, 
dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 

ASHBOURNE, Baron. Edward Gibson, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Irel. 1877, Gt. Br. 1885), 
M.A., LL.D., Lord Chancellor of Ireland (3rd 
time) , formerly an M.P. and Attorney-Gen. for 
Irel., appd. U.C. 1872: son of Wm. Gibson, Esq., 
of Dublin and Gaulstown ; b. Sept. 4, 1837 ; or. Bn. 
1885 (C); mar. 1868 Frances Maria Adelaide, 
dau. of Hy. C. CoUes, Esq. Bes., 12 Merrion Sq., 
Dublin; 5 Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 
Creation. Bu. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. 


Hon. WiLLL^M G., M.A., heir to Barony: b. 1868, 
mar. i8g6 Marianne, dau. of M. de Monbrison, of 
Paris (Hon. Mrs. Gibson). Res., Moorhurst, Holm- 
Avood, Dorking. 
Hon. Henry D'Olier Grant G., 2nd heir, formerly 
Lieut. R.A. : b. 1870. Club, Roy. St. Geo. Yacht, 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-Poivlett, 
b. 1871, mar. 1893 Hon. Wm. G. Algar O.-P., son 
and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 
Hon. Edward Graves Mayne G., M.A., barrister-at- 
law, served in S. Africa as Lieut. 13th Batt. 
Imiier. Yeom. : b. 1873, mar. 1900 Jlary Philips, 
dau. of the late Uy. 11. Greg, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Edv,^ard G.). Res., 23 Hatch St., Dublin; Cliff, 
Lee, Ilfi'acombe. 
Hon. (Ernest) Victor G., barrister-at-law, Hon. Lieut, 
in Army, served in S. Africa iqoo and 1902 : b. 1875. 
Club, Bachelors'. 
Hon. Violet Albina G., b. 1876. 
Hon. Prances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Porttr. b. 1880, mar. 1504 Alex. Horsbrugh P., Esq., 
son of Rt. Plon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. 
Hon. Constance Anna G., b. 1:81 

ASHBROOK, Viscount. William Spencee 
Flower, 7th Vise. {Irel.), B.A., a D.L. for 
Oueen's Co. : son of 5th V. and bro. of 6th ; b. 
i March 23, 1830; sue. 1882; mar. 1861 Augusta 
j Madeline Henrietta, dau. of Geo. Marton, Esq. 
Seat, Castle DuiTOW, Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Castle Durrow, 1733 ; Vise. 
Ashbiook, 1751.— The ist Bn. was M.P. for Co. Kilkennj', 
his successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {']th) V,: 

Two deceased daus. who both died previous to his 

Surviving issue of yh V. (bro. and sist. of present): 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1829, d. childless 1882.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Robert Thomas F., heir pres. to Viscounty, 
formerly Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. 
Militia: b. 1836, mar. 1866 Gertrude Sophia, dau. 
of Rev. Sewell Hamilton (Hon. Mrs. Robert F.). 

ASH Baronetage, Knightage, (&c. ASH 117 

Res., Knockatrina House, Durrow, Abbeyleix, 
Queen's Co. (and heir, his son, Llowarch Robert, 
b. 1870.) 

Hon. Caroline Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. George 
Marton, b. 1847, mar. 1866 Geo. B. Heneage J/., Esq., 
bro. of the Lady Ashbrook. Res., Capernwray Hall, 
Burton, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorid. 

ASHBURNER, Capt. Lionel Forbes, D.S.O, 
(1900-1), Eoy. Fus. ; Boer War 1900 and 1902 : b. 

ASHBTJRNER, Lionel Robert, C.S.I. (1871), 
formerly a Memb. of Counc. Bombay, Acting 
Gov. 1880: b. 1827. £es., g\ Gloucester PI., 
Portman Sq., W. 

ASHBURNHAM, family name of Earldom j 
below. I 

ASHBURNHAM, B.^^ronet's Widow. Lady \ 
A. (Isabella, dau. of the late Capt. Geo. B. Mar- \ 
tin, C.B., R.N.), mar. 1859 Sir Anchitel Ash- 
burnham, 8th Bt. (d. 1899).— For 9th Bt., see 
" Clement, Ashburnham." 

ASHBURNHAM, Earl of. Bertram Ash- 
burnham, 5th Earl {Gt. Br.), a D.L. for Breck- 
nocksh.; son of 4tli E. ; b. Oct. 28, 1840; sue. 
1878 (L.) ; mar. i883 the late Emily, dau. of R. 
Chaplin, Esq. (she died 1900). Smfs, Ashburn- 
ham PL, Battle, Sussex ; Barking Hall, Needliam 
Mkt. R.S.O., Suflfk. ; Pembrey, BuriyPort R.S.O., 

Creations. Bn. Ashburnham, Eng. 1689 ; E. of Ash- 
burnham and Vise. St. Asaph, Gt. Br. 1730.— King 
William III. created this Peerage. Tlie jst Bn.'s grand- 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell 
for aiding King Charles's escape from Hampton Court in 
1647 ; it would however be -wrong to conclude that this 
had anything to do with the promotion, as William was 
not likely to show such regard for the Stuart^. Tlie 3rd 
Bn., who had been Gentleman of the Bedchambsr to the 
Prince of Wales, obtained the higher titles. 

Titled Relatives. 
\Issue of present {yh) E. : 

Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte .1., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1840.) 

Hon. John .4., heir pres. to Earldom, formerly Acting 
Cons.-Gen. in Bulgaria : b. 1845. Cliih, St. James's. 

Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 
mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., Esq., son of late Bp. of 
Eipou. Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 

Hon. Thomas A., 2nd heir, late Capt. 7th Hussars, 
served in Egypt 1882, and has been Extra A.D.C. 
to two Viceroys of Ireland : b. 1855, mar. 1903 Mai-ia 
Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Anderson, Esq., of 
Tredericton, N. Brunswick (Hon. Mrs. Thomas ^4.). 

Lady Mary, now Lady M. Holland, b. 1859, mar. 1883 
Hon. Sydney Geo. //., son and heir of ist Vise. 
Knutsford, q.v. 

Hon. George ^4., formerly Lieut. Suffolk Yeomanry, 
b. 1853. Club, Wellington. 

ASHBURNHAM, Knight. Sir Cromer Ash- 
burnham, K.C.B. (Mil. 1882), Maj.-Gen. retd. 
1886), served in Mutiny, Afghanistan, S. Africa 
f 88i, Egypt, &c., has been Gov. of Suakin and 
V.A.G. and Q.M.G. of S.E. List. : b. 1831 (uncle 
';if Sir Anchitel P. Ashburnham-Clement, gth 
!ijt.),mar. 1864 Urith Amelia, sist. of Lady A., 

I it's widow (abo^ e). Bes., Brooklands, Welling- 
on, Salop. 
ASHBURTON, Baron. Francis Denzil 
iDWARD Baring, 5th Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for 
lants. and Capt. Hants. Imper. Yeom. : son of 
th Bn. ; b. July 20, i866; sue. 1889 (C.) ; mar. 
ame year the late Hon. Mabel Edith Hood, dau. 
f 4th Vise. Hood (she died 1904). Seat, The 
I frange, Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K. 1835.— The ist Bn., 
who was Pres. of the Board of Trade and Master of the ; 
Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Eras. Baring, ist Bt., and 
was uncle of the ist Bn. Northbrook and of the present j 
Earl of Cromer and ist Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- i 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 1 
Bai-ony, extinct in 1823, was held by the family of 
Dunning, to whom that of Baring bicame united by ( 
marriage. , | 

Titled Relatives. | 
{Baring.) i 
Issue of present {$th) Bn.: 

Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel B., b. 1890. 
Hon. Aiu'ea Vera B., h. 1891. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 
Barony, b. 1808. (2nd heir, his uncle Hod. 
Frederick. ) 

Surviving issue of 4fh Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 

(Present Baron, b. 1866.) i 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Hants. Imper. ; 
Yeom., b. 1867, mar. 1890 Laura Louise, dau. of | 
Fredk. Hobson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). ; 
Res., Candover House, Alresford, Hants. 1 

Hon. Alexander Henry B., b. 1869. Res., with Bn. ' 

Hon. Guy Victor B., Capt. Coldsirm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Olive i 
Alethea, dau. of Hugh C. Smith, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. | 

Hon. Lilian Theresa Claire B., b. 1874. | 
Hon. Caryl Digby B., Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., served ' 
in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1880. 

Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1835, d. 1889.) 
Hon. Marie Louisa Anne, now Dchss. of Grafton, b. 

1833, mar. 1838 the late 6th Duke of G., see "Grafton, 

Duke's Wid." 

ASHBURTON, B aron' s Wi now. The Dowager 
Lauy a., 7iee Hon. Leonora Caroline Digby, dau. 
of 9th Bn. Digby, b. 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 
Ashburton (d. 1889). Res., i5 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHBY, Knight. Sir James William Murray 
Ashby, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; C.B. Civ. 1867), Pay- 
master-in-Ch. R.N. (retd.), served in Baltic and 
Black Seas, and in China, also on various home 
and foreign stations : b. 1822, mar. 1873 Catherine 
Magenis Maxwzll. Bcs., Little Park, Ninfleld, 
Battle, Sussex. 

ASHBY, Col. George Ashby (name doubled), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Comdt. Discharge Depot; 
Egypt, Nile, and S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1856. 

ASHCOMBE, Baron. George Cuhitt, 1st 1 
Bn. [U.K.), P.C. [Gt. Br. 1880), M.A., a D.L. for ! 
Surrey and Middx., a Co. Aid. for Siirrey, \ 
and Hon. Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Roy. W. Surrey j 
Ragfc. ; an M.P. 1860-92 ; is Chmn. House of j 
Laymen of Cauterb. Pro v., has been 2nd Church I 
Estates Commissr. and on various Roy. Commssns. : 1 
son of Thos. Cubitt, Esq. ; b. June 4, 1828 ; cr. Bn. 
1892 (C) ; mar. 1853 the late Laura, dau. of \ 
Rev. Jas. Joyce (she died 1904). Seats, Denbies, ' 
Dorking; Fallapit, Kin^sbx'idge, S. Devon; town 
res., 17 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashcombe, U.K. 1892. 


The deceased Geoffrey George C, b. 185;, d. 1853. 
Hon. Helen Laura C., b. 1855. 

Hon. Mary Agues, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester, 
b. 1857, mar. 1884 Rev. Edwd. Arthur Ch. Res. 
The Vicarage, Dorking. 

The deceased Thomas Edmund Wilfred C, b. j 

1865. ! 

Hon. Adelaide Laura, now Hon. Mrs. Richd. Fuller- I 
Maitland, b. 1861, mar. 1891 Richd. Anth. V.-M., \ 
Esq. iies., 38 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 

Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George allents, I 



Directory of Peerage, 


b. 1863, mar. 1883 Geo. Wm. T., Esq. Res., 49 
Warwick Sq., S.W. 
The deceased Mabel Georgiaa C, b. 1864, d. 1865. 
Kon. Henry C.,M. A., heir to Barony, M. P. forReigate 
Div. (C), a D.L. tor Surrey, and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Surrey Imper. Yeom. : b. 1867, mar. 1890 Maud 
Mariamne, dau. of Col. Archib. M. Calvert (Hon. 
Mrs. Guhitt). Res., Birtley, Bramley, Guildford, 
j (2nd heir, hi.s son Henry Archibald, b. 1892.) 

j Hon. Beatrice Hayv/ard, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
: veH, b. 1868, mar. 1891 Wm. Archib. C, Esq. Res., 

Broomells, Capel, Dorking. 
! ASHFOED, Baron {Enff. 1596)— see " Albe- 
i marie, E. of." 

' ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPER, but the 
i second name appears to be practically dropped) , 
i family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
j q.v. for " Ladies " and "Hons.," also below. 
! ASHLEY, Lord [hy coartes!/— title Baron A. 
; Eiiff. i65i), son and heir of the Earl of Shaf tes- 
i bury. 

! ASHLEY, Pkiv. Counc. and Peer's Son. 
i Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) (Anthony) Evelyn Mel- 
' bourne Aside;/ (the name Cooper being dis- 
carded, as is conventionally the name Anthony 
also, it being given to every male member of the 
family), P. C. {Gf. Br. 1891), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, a D.L. for Hants, and Official Verderer of 
the New Forest, was Priv. Sec. to Vise. Palmer- 
ston, and has been Pari. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
Under Sec. for Colonies, and 2nd Church Estates 
Commissr.. anM.P. 1874-85, and a former Lieut. 
S. Middx. Rifles : son of 7th E. of Shaf te.sbuiy and 
uncle of present Peer; b. 1836, mar. i8gi, 2nd 
wife, the following. Bes., Broadlands, Romsey, 
Hants. ; Classiebawn, Co. Sligo, nr. TuUaghan; 
13 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen (q.v.), and wife of preceding. 

ASHMAN, Knight. Sir Herbert Ashman, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), Lord Mayor of Bristol 1900 (first 
of the title, was Mayor 1899), Past Pres. of Anchor 
(Colston) Soc.,. knighted on occasion of the late 
Queen's visit at opening of the Jubilee Conval. 
Hosp. : b. 1854, mar. 1874 Lizzie, dau. of F. G. 
Lorenzen, Esq. Bes., Cook's Folly, Stoke Bishop, 

ASHMORE, Alexander Murray, C.M.G. 
(1900), Lt.-Gov. and Colon. Sec Ceylon, late Govt. 
Sec. Brit. Guiana, prev- Receiver-Gen. for I. of 
Cyprus : b. 1855. -Ses., Colombo. 

ASHTON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. ( U. K.),a. manufacturer, a D.L. for Lanes., was 
High Sheriff 1885, M.P. 1886-95: son of Jas. 
Will iamson, Esq., of Parkfield ; b. Dec. 31, 1842 : 
or. Bn. 1895 (L.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late Mar- 
garet (d. 1877), dau. of Jos. Gatey, Esq.; 
2ndly, 1880, the late Jesyy Henrietta (d. 1904), 
dau.' of Jas. Stewart, Esq., of Clapham, Yorks. 
Heir, none. Seats, Ryelands, and Ashton Hall, 
both nr. Lancaster; town res., Alford House, 
Prince's Gt., S.W. 
Cfeation. Bn. Ashton, U.K. 1895. 

( Williamstm.) 
Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now Hon. Mrs. Peel, b. 1(372, 
mar. 1899 Hon. Wm. B. Wellesley P., heir to Teel 
Viscty., q.v. 
Hon. Maud W., b. 1876. 

ASHTOWN, Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (Frel.), a D.L. for Co. Gal way : grand- 
son of 2nd Bn. and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, 
who died without succeeding ; b. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 
sue. i88o ; mar. 1894 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. 
Robt. A. G. Cosby. Seats, Glenahira Lodge, Co. 

Waterford, nr. Clonmel; Woodlawn R,S.O.,Co. 

Creation. Bn. Aslitown /j'cZ. 1800.— The ist Peer wan 
j M.P. for Portarlington. 
I Titled Relatives. 

I (Trench.) 

Issue 0/ present {^rd) Bn.: 
: Hon. Frederic Sydney 7'.,heir to Barony, b. 1894. 
1 Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 1856. 

Kon. Robert Power T., 2nd heir, b. 1897. 
I Hon. Arthur Cosby T., b. 1899. 

Hon. Dudley Oliver T., b. 1901. 

■ Bros, and sists. of vi'e.sent Bn. (granted rank of 
! Bns.' cliiidren 1889): 

\ (Present Baron, b. 1868.) 

Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Limerick 
1 1895, b. 18S9, mar. 1893 Frances Elizabeth, dau. 

of Walter T. N. Sh awe-Taylor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

William T.). Res., Clonodfoy Castle, Kilfinane, 

Kilmallock, Co. Limerick. 
Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smythe, 

b. 1871, mar. 1903 Capt. Alan Theodore S. Res., 
I Milford Lodge, Craven Arms R.S.O., Saloo. 

j Hon. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. Grein- Wilkinson, b. 

1873, mar. 1904 Maj. Lewis Fredc. G.-W. 
' Hon. Sydney T., b. »877. 

Son of 2nd Bn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphiu T., formerly Capt. ist Drgns. 
and Maj. King's Co. Militia, High Sheriff of Tip- 
perary 1886, is a D.L. for same : b. 1844, mar. 1873 
I Maria, dau. of Sir Richd. Musgrave, 4th Bt. of 

i Tourin (Hon. Mrs. Cosby T.). iies. , Sopwell Hall, 

j Cloughjordan R.S.O., Co. Tipperary. 

— Dau.-in-law (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne T. hide Le-Poer-Trench), dau. of 3rd E. of 
Claucarty, b. 1839, mar. 1O67 the late Hon. Fredk. 
1 Sydney Chas. y., father of present Bn. (d. 1879). 

j Sisf. of 2nd Bn. {gt. aunt of present; raised to 
rank of a Bn.'s dau. 1840) : 
(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1804, d. i88o.) 
Hon. Harriet Rose, now Hon. Lady Whalley, b. 1813 
(see " Whalley, K t. 's Wid. "). 

ASPINALL, Maj. Robert Lowndes, D.S.O. 
(igoo-i), Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. Yorks. 
Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1899-1902 as AD.C. : 
b. 1869. Bes.. 25 Jermyn St., S.W. 

ASQUITH, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Herbert 

■ Henry P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), K.C. (1890), 
B.A., LL.D., D.C.L,, M.P. for E. Fife (L.), an 
Eccles. Commissr., late Sec. of State for Home 
Dept. : b. 1852, mar. 1894, 2nd wife. lies., 20 

\ Cavendish Sq., AV. 

' ASSER, Lieut. Verney, D.S.O. (1902), R.A., 
S. Africa 1896-8 and 1900-2 : b. 1873. 
ASTELL, Capt. Somerset Charles Godfrey 
! Fairkax, D.S.O. (1900-1), lateN. Staffs. Regt.; 
Dongola 1896, S. Africa 1899-1901, now Comdt. 
Discharge Depot : b. 1866. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." 

Florence, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyngham. 

ASTLEY-CORBETT-see " Corbett " (for late 
Astley Baronetcy) . 

ASTON, Lt.-Col. George Grey, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.M.A., Soudan 1884, and S. Afi'ica 1899- 
I 1900; formerly a Professor at the Roy. Nav. 
I College, now a D. A. A. G. : b. 1861. Club, NeiV. 
\ and Mil. 

ASTON, William George, C.M.G, (1889), 
M.A., D.Litt., foi-merly Cons.-Gen. for Corea, 
: 2nd Sec. to Legat. at Tokio, Student Inter- 
preter, &c., a writer on Japanese literature: b, 
1841. Bes., The Bluff, Beer, Axminster, Devon. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, I.S.O. (1902), Librar, 


in Colon. Office : b. 1850. Bes., 25 Bennington 
Pk. Ed., W. Hampstead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, 3rd Bishop OF~not yet ap- 
pointed. Bes., Athabasca Landing, Alta, N.W.T., 

ATHEELEY, Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, 
dau. of 17th E. of Suffolk. 

ATHEETON, Col. Thomas James, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), B. A., late comdg. 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1856. Bes., 82 Sloane St., S.W. 

ATHLmiNEY {pron. Ath'lumny), Baeon. 
James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 
ville, and Bn. [Trel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 
Meredyth {U.K.) ; a Page of Honour to threse 
Irish Viceroys and late A.D.C., has been Capt. 
and Hon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut- 
Coldstrm. Gds., served in Egypt, Dongola, and 
S. Africa 1900 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. March 23, 
1865; sue. 1873 (C.) ; unnirrd. Heir, none to 
Peerage ; to Baronetcy a remote cousin, William 
Dennistoun >S'. (b. 1842, gt.-gt. grandson of 1st 
Bt. ; 2nd heir, 1st heir's bro., Henry Belling- 
ham, b. 1848). Seat, Somerville, Navan, Co, 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1748 ; Bn. Athlunmey, 1863. 
U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, 1866. -^The Rt. Hon. Sir William 
Meredyth Somerville, sth Bt., M.P. for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Imper. Peerages. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Anne Blanche S., b. 1861. Res., 16 Cyril 

Mansns., Battersea Pk. , S.W. 
Hon. Georgiana Alice Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 

Tottenham, b. 1862, mar. 1888 Chas. G. Loftus T., 

Esq. Res., Tudenham Pk., MuUingar, Co. West- 

(Present Baron, b. 1865.) 
Hon. Cecilia Louisa S., b. 1866. 

Hon. Florence Emily Frances, now Hon. Mrs. 
William Starmer, b. 1869, mar. 1901 W"m. Wooding 
S., Esq., Assoc. R.A.M. Res., 6 Warwick Pk., 
Tunb. Wells. 

ATHOLL, Duke of. John James Hugh 
Henry Stewart-Murra?/, 7th Duke {Scot.), sits 
as Earl Strange ( Gt. Br.) ; K.T. (1868) , Lord Lieut, 
and Hered. Sheriff of Perthsh., Hon. Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Capt. Scots 
Gds. : son of 6th D. ; b. Aug. 5, 1840 ; sue. 1864 
(C), and in 1865 inlierited the Percy Barony; 
restored 1893 the orig. spelling of his title 
("AthoU" instead of "Athole'"'); mar. 1863 
the late Louisa, dau. of Sir Thos. Moncreiffe, 7th 
Bt. (she died 1902). Seats, Blair Castle (Blair 
AthoU) and Dunkeld House (Dunkeld), both 
Perthsh. ; totV7i res., 84 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of TuUibardine, 1604 ; 
E. of TuUibardine, 1606 and 1676 ; E. of Atholl, 1629 ; 
M. of Atholl, Vise, of Balquhidder, and Ld. Murray, Bal- 
venie, and Gask, 1676 (Baronies renewed 1703) ; I), of 
Atholl, M. of TuUibardine, E. of Strathtay and 
Strathardle, Vise, of Balquhidder, Glenalmond, and 
Glenlyon, 1703. JEng. : Bii. Strange of Knockyn, 1628 
by writ. Gt. Br.: Earl Strange and Bn. Murray of 
Stanley, 1786 ; also (inherited through a gt. uncle, 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
D., whose own son became 5th D.). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of TuUibardine. His 
grandson the 3rd Earl of T. obtained in 1629 a re-grant of 
.he Earldom of Atholl, which had become extinct. The 
and Earl of A. was created Marquess, and the 3rd 
ibtained the Dukedom. The 2nd Duke succeeded to the 
Barony of Strange in the English Peerage (by writ), 
.Fhich had originally been conferred upon his maternal 
mcesfeor the 7th Earl of Derby ; the 4th obtained the 

Titled Relatives. 
(Steioart-Murray. ) 
^ssue of present {'jth) D. (himself sole issue of 6th) : 

AUG T19 j 

Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Ruggles-Brise, 
b. 1866, mar. 1895 Maj. Harold Goodeve R.-B. Res., 
10 Hanover Terr., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

Lady Helen S.-M., b. 1867. 

Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. 1868. 

The deceased John, M. of TuUibardine, b. & d. 1869. 

Marq. of TuLLiBAEDiNE (prou. TuUibardcen'), heir 
to Dukedom: John George S.-M., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1902), D.S.O. (1898), a D.L. for Perthsh., Maj. 
Roy._ Horse feds., served with Nile Expedn. 1898, 
and in S. Africa 1899-1902, partlj^ in comd. of ist 
Scott. Horse, which Regt. he raised and of which 
he is Lt.-Ct)l. in comd. : b. 1871, mar. 1899 Katha- 
rine Marjory, dau. of Sir Jas. H. Ramsay, 10th 
Bt. of Bamff. Club, Turf. 

Lord George S.-M., 2nd heir, Capt. Black Watch, 
servedin S. Africa 1899-1902, now Lt.-Gen. 
Sir A. Hunter : b. 1873. ! 

Lord James Thomas S. -M. , Lieut. Cameron Highldrs. . 
formerly Lieut. Black Watch (M-ii.), served in S. 
Africa 1900-2, : b. 1879. 

ATKINSON, Priv. Counc. Et. Hon. John 
Atkinson, -P.C. {Irel. 1892), K.C. (1880), LL.D,, 
M.P. for N. Dei-ry (C), Attorney-General for 
Ireland (2nd time) : b.1844. -Res., 68 FitzwilUam 
Sq., Dublin : 125 Piccadilly, W. 

ATKINSON, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of 6th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

AUBEET, Edgar, C.M.G. (1892), Memb. 
Counc. Govt, of Mauritius, four times Mayor of 
Port Louis : b. 1850. Bes., Port Louis. 

AUCHINDOUN, Baron {Scot. i5oo)— see 
" Huntly, M. of." 

AUCHTEEHOUSE, Baron {Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Baron. William Mortos^ Eden, 
5th Bn. {Gt. Br. and Irel.), formerly Capt. 
in Dorset Eegt. and Yorks. Mil. : , son of 4th Bn. ; 
b. March 27, 1859 ; sue. 1890 (C.) ; mar. 1891 Sibyl 
Constance, dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hut- 
ton, C.B, Bes., Kitley, Plymouth. 

Creations. Bn. Aucklanal, Irel. 1789, Gt. Br. 1793.— 
The 1st Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 
to France. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {^fh) Bn, : \ 
Hon. William Alfred Morton E., heir to Barony, I 
b. 1892. 

Hon. Frederick Colvin George E., 2nd heir, b. 1805. 

Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bro., sists., and half- 
bros. of present) : 

By 1ST mrrge. I 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Dulcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Sutton-Nel- 
thorpe, b. i860, mar, 1885 Robt. Nassau S.-If., Esq. 
Res., Scawby, Brigg, Lines. 

Hon. George E., b. i86i, mar. i883 Amy Violet 
Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. Chas. R. Hay- 
Drummond and granddau. of 10th E. of Kinnou'll 
(Hon. Mrs. George E.). Res., Red Cottage, Long 
Cross, Chertsey, Surrey ; 54 Cadogan PI., S.W. 

Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. Res., The White House, 
Armthorpe, Doncaster. 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Godfrey Clwtwi/nd, b. 
1867, mar. 1904 Godfrey John Boyle C, Esq., son of 
Capt. Hon. Hy. W. Chetwynd, R.N. Res., Park 
Lane Hall, Doncaster. 
Bv 3RD MRRQE. (none by 2nd). 

Hon. Robert Evelyn E., b. 1876. 

Hon. Ashley Morland E., b. 1878. 

Issue of2>'d Bn. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

(The late 4th Baron, b. 1829, d. 1890.) 

Hon. Florence SeUna E., b. 1835. Re-?., Boyn Hill 
House, Maidenhead, Berks. 

Hon. Maria Harriet E., b. 1836. Res., with pre- j 
ceding. 1 

Hon. Robert Henley Shaw E., b. 1840, mar. 1862 J 
Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late Rev. Fredk. Hild- I 
yard (Hon. Mrs. Robt. E.). Res., TyddynUan, j 
LlandriUo, Corwen, Merionethsh. | 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



Directory oj Peerage^ 


AUCKLAND, Baron's Widow iremrrd.). The 
Dowager Lady A. (Edith, dau. of Sir Wm. Eden, 
6th Bt.), mar., ist, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. 
Auckland (d. 1890) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons, 
Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Ees., Stonepitt 
Grange, Seal, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

AUCKLAND, Bishop of. Kt. Kev. Mooee 
Richard Nelig,an, M.A., 3rd Bp,, late Vic. of 
St. Stephen's, Westboume Pk. : b. abt. 1862. 

*.** The see is designated for an Archbishopric, but 
arrangements are not concluded. 

AUDLEY Barony {Eng. 1313 by writ)— in 
abeyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 
Surviving Relatives. 
( Thickmsse-Touchet.) 
Daus. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heiresses to the 
succession, producing the abeyance) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T.^h. 1858. 
Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 

Dau.-in-law ofigth Bn.: 

Hon. Mrs. John T.-T. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Jno. H., Blennerhasset, Esq.), mar. 1842 the late 
Hon. John Nicholas T.-T. (d. 1861). 

AULD, Maj.-Gen. Robert, C.B. (Civ. 1902), 
Dir. of Supplies and Clothing at Headqrs., has 
been A.D.C. to Gov. of Malta and Assist. Dir.- 
Gen. of Ordnance : b. 1848. Bes., 1 Onslow 
Houses, Onslow Sq., S.W. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir John Austin, 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1894), M.P. for Osgoldcross Div. of 
West Riding (L.), partner in a malting firm, 
Chmn. of Visiting Cmttee. of County Justices 
for York Castle, formerly Pres. of Osgoldcross 
Lib. Assoc. : son of Jno. Austin, Esq., of Kip- 
pax, Yorks. ; b. 1824, mar. 1866 Agnes, dau. of the 
late Saml. S. Byron, Esq. i?si>,hisson William 
Michael Byron (b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, latter's son 
John Byron Eraser, b. 1897). Seat, Castleford, 

AUSTIN, Maj. Herbert Henry, C.M.G. (1901), 
D.S.O. (1899), R.E., Waziristan 1894-5, Uganda 
1898, was employed in Brit. E. Afr. Protect. 
1897-9, aftds. on Survey Duty in Egypt : b. 1868. 

AVA, Earl of {U.K. 1888), a title of the 
Duflferin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heir 
when a first-born son. 

AVEBURY, Baron. John LuUoch, 1st Bn. 
{U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. ^z-. 1890), D.C.L., 
LL.D., Hon. M.D., E.R.S. (Vice-Pres.), F.L.S. 
(Pres.), a D.L. for Kent, a Lieut, for the City of 
London (formerly a Co. Aid. and Chmn. L.C-C), 
head of the bank of Robarts, Lubbock, and Co., 
Pres. of Centr. Assoc. of Bankers and of Lond. 
Chamb. of Commerce, a Trustee of Brit. Mus., 
late Vice-Chanc. London Univ., for which he was 
M.P. 1880-1900 (prev. for Maidstone from 1870) : 
son of 3rd Bt. ; b. April 30, 1834 ; sue. as 4th 
Bt. 1865, cr. Bn. 1900 {L.U.); mar., 1st, 1856, 
Ellen Prances, dau. of Rev. P. Hordern (she died 
1879) ; 2ndly, 1884, Alice Augusta Laurentia, dau. 
of Maj .-Gen. Aug. H. L. Fox -Pitt-Rivers. Seats, 
High Elms, Down, Farnborough, Kent ; Kings- 
gate Castle, nr. Ramsgate ; town res., 6 St. James's 
Sq., S.W.; offices, 15 Lombard St., E.C. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1806 ; Bn. Avebury, 1900. 


Hon. Amy Harriet, now Hon. ^[rs. Ferdinand Van 
Zandt, b. 1857, mar. 1884, 2nd husb., the late 
I''erd. S. Van Z., Esq. (d. 1892). Ken., The Croft, 
Bradwell-on-Sea, Southminster R.S.O., Essex ; 
56 Elm Park Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 

j Hon. John Birkbeck. L., heir to Barony, a I).L. for 
Kent and a partner in the bank of Robarts, 
Liibbock, and Co. : b. 1858. Res., 14A Berkeley St., 

I Hon. Norman L., 2nd heir, b. 1861. Res., Down, 

Farnborough, Kent. 
I The late Hon. Constance Jlary, aftds. Hon. Mi-s. 

Charles Buxton, b. 186-, d. 1892, havmg mar. 1882 | 

Chas. Sydney 5., Esq. . [ 

I Hon. Rolfe Arthur L., formerly Lieut. 3rd Middx. ; 
I Rifle Vols. : b. 1865, mar. 1894 Ethel, dau. of the 

' late Thos. A. Lawford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rolfe L.). 

iJes., II Sloane Gdns., S.W. 
j Hon. Gertrude L-, b. 186-. Res., 4 Lawrence Mansns., 
j Lordship PI., Chelsea, S.W, 


Hon. Ursula i., b. 1885. 
; Hon. Irene L., b. 1886. 

Hon. Harold Fox Pitt L., b. 1888. 

Hon. Eric Pox Pitt L. , b. 1803. 
j Hon. Maurice Pox Pitt L., b. 1900. 

AVELAND, Baron {U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
I ter, E. of." 

I AVEN, Baron {Scot. 1643)— see ' ' Hamilton, D. 
I of." 

j AVIGLIANO, DucHESSA d', dau. of 6th D. of 
j Newca.stle (the for di). 

AVONMORE, Viscount. Algernon William 
I Yelverton, 6th Vise. (/?-eZ.), late Capt. Dublin City 
I Artill. (Mil.), served in W. Africa 1902-3: son 
of 4th V. and bro. of 5th ; b. Nov. 19, 1866 ; 
sue. 1885 ; mar. 1890 Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. 
Evans, Esq., of Gortmerron, Tyrone. Seats, Belle 
Isle, Roscrea, Co. Tipperary ; Hazle Rock, West- 
port, Co. Mayo. 

Creations. Irel.: Bn. Yelverton, 1795; Vise. Avonmore, 
1800.— Barry Yelverton, the ist Bn. and Vise, was an 
orator and statesman, Attorney-Gen. for Ireland, a P.C, 
and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
Dau. of present {6th) V. : 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel 3'., b. 1892. 
Issue of^th V. (two others deceased) : 
(The late sth Viscount, b. 1859, d. 1885.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1866.) 

Issue ofzrd V. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, b. 1824, d. 1883.) 
Hon. Louisa Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Rudolph 

Hultzsch, b. 1827, mar. 1873 Herr Rud. Herm. H. 

Res., Dresden. 
Hon. Anna, now Hon. Mrs. James Wallcer, h. 1833, 

mar. 1859 the late James W., Esq. (d. 1901). Res., 

Hanley Lodge, Corstorphine R.S.O., Midlothian. 
Hon. Maletta, now Hon. Mrs. Crofton Vandeleur, 

b. 1839, mar. 1868 the late f!apt. Crofton T. B. V. 

(d. 1881). Res., Wardenstown, Athlone, Co. West- 

— Dau.-in-laiv : 

[Hon. Mrs. George 1'. (Louisa Lenox, dau. of Guy 

L. Prendergast, Esq ),mar., ist, 1857, the late Hon. 

Geo. F. Wm. i", (d. i860); 2ndly, 1876, the late 

Chas. Fetherstonhaugh, Esq. (d. 1885)— forfeiting 

lier claim to title. Res., Manor Farm House, 


Heir pres. (a 1st cous. once removed, grandson of 
2nd V. and son of Hon. Wm. Yelverton) : 
William Henry Morgan Y., Esq., b. 1840. Res., 
Whitland Abbey, Carmarthen. (No 2nd heir.) 

AVONMORE, Viscount's Widow. Dowager 
Viscountess A. (Emily Marianne, dau. of the 
late Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. Ashworth, K.C.B., and 
widow of Edwd. Forbes, Esq., F.R.S.), mar. 1858 
4th Vise. Avonmore (d. 1883) , Bes., Villa Gobert, 

AWDRY, Bishop— see "Tokio, Sth." 

AWDRY, Knight. Sir Richard Davis Aivdry, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Acct.-Gen. to the Navy, 
prev. Assist. Sec. to Admiralty, is a member of 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. AYT 121 

Roy. Patriotic Pund Corp. : b. 1843, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Katharine Louise James. Res., Gordon 
Lodge, Claygate, Esher, Surrey ; BritMwr Hall, 
BerriewE.S.O., Montgom. 

AYLESFORD, Earl of. Charles Wight- 
wick Finch, Sth Earl {Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
Warwicks., Hon. Col. 3rd and 4tli Batts. S. 
Staffordsh. Eegt. (Mil.) : son of 6th E. and bro. of 
7th; b. June 7, 1851; sue. 1885 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 
1873, the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. 
of 3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, 
Ella Victoria, dau. of Jno. Koss, Esq., and 
widow of Capt. J". H. Linton. Seats, Packington 
and Diddington Halls, Coventry. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, Eng. 1703 ; E. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Wiuchilsea and Nottinf?ham, its first representative 
being the and son of the ist Earl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-Gen., and was distinguished as principal of the 
advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the reitrn 
of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to the 
above Barony and Earldom. 

Titled Kklatives. 
Issue of present {8fh) E.: 
Lady Violet Ella F., b. 1880. 

Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthingtoii, b. 

i88i, mar. 1901 William AVorthington W., Esq. 

Res., Netherseale Old Hall, Ashby-de-Ia-Zouch. 
Lord Guernsey, heir to Earldom : Heneage Greville 

F., 2nd Lieut. 7th Hussars, b. 1883. Res., 36 

Buckingham Gt., S.W. 
Hon. Charles Daniel F., 2nd heir, b. 1886. 
Hon. Ronald William Edward F., b. 1889. 

Daus. offth E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Capt. Malcolm Donald M. 
Res., 2 Ovington Gdns., Brompton Rd., S.W. 
Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Banby, 
b. 1875, mar. igoi Philip Saml. D., Esct. Res., 
I OfTcharch, Leamington Spa. 

Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1849, d. 1885.) 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmine, now Lady A. 
j Miirray, b. 1853, mar. 1875 Chas. Jas. M., Esq., 
M.P. Res., Loch Carron R.S.O., E,oss-sh. ; 41 
1 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

AYLESrOED, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Jane Wightwick, dau. of Jno. 
W. Knightley, Esq.), mar. 1846 6th E. of Ayles- 
ord (d. 1871) . Res., The Bury, Leamington Spa. 
i AYLMER, family name of following Barony. 
I AYLMER, Bakon. Matthew ^wZmer, 8th Bn. 
\Irel.) and a Bt., Col. and A.G. of Canadian 
jililitia, of which he comds. Mil. List. 4, formerly 
!: jieut. 7th Fusiliers and A. A.G. at Headqrs. : son 
jif 7th Bn. ; b. March 28, 1842 ; sue. 1901 ; mar. 

1875 Amy Gertrude, dau. of Hon. Jno. Young, 
of Montreal. Res., Ottawa. 

Creations. Irel.: A Bt. 1662; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. of 
Balrath,i7i8.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was 
awarded this Peerage in recognition of his services : he 
was 2nd son of t«he 1st Bt., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : thry are distinct from the 
Btcy. below. 

' Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {Sth) Bn.: 

Hon. Amelia Winifred ..4.., b. 1876. 

Hon. John Frederick. Whitworth A., heir to 

Barony, b. 1880. 
Hon. Kenneth Athalmer A., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Basil Udolphus A.,h. 1886. 

Hon. Florence Gwendolyn A., b. 1891. j 
Surviving issue of Jth Bn. (bros. and sist. of ^ 
present) : i 

(Present Baron, b. 1842.) ' 

Hon. Henry A., Canad. M.P., barrister, and Lt.-Col. i 
Artill. Mil., formerly Lieut. R.M.A. : b. 1843, mar. < 
1870 Louisa Blanche Fanny, dau of Hy. A . Howe, 
Esq,, LL.D. (Hon. Mrs. Henry ^.). Res. , liennox- 
ville, Quebec. 

Hon. Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, 
mar. 1872 her cousin, the late Hy. Lovell Aylmer, 
Esq. (d. 1882). Res., Richmond, Quebec. 

Hon. Frederick Whitworth A., C.E. (Canad. Pacific 
Ry.) and Capt. Canad. Mil.: b. 1850, mar. 1899 Emma 
Meredith, dau. of R. Lanp, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Frederick .^1.). Res., Golden, Brit. Columbia. 

AYLMER, Baronet. Sir Arthur Percy 
Fitzgerald Aylmer, 13th Bt. {Irel. 1621), gi'and- 1 
son of 12th Bt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
J. Aylmer; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, but 
divorced 1886 (by an American wife who had 
prev. been divorced herself). Heir pres., his bro. 
Col. Fexton- John A., (b. 1862; 2nd heir, 1 

their uncle Capt. John Evans Fi-eke A., b. 1838). 
Res., Donadea Lodge, Westend Village, South- j 
ampton. j 

AYLMER, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. 
(Alice Hester Caroline, dau. of Conwaj- R. Dobbs, 
Esq.), mar. 1853 Sir Gerald G. Aylmer, 10th Bt. ! 
(d. 1883). Ees., Reduit, Monkstown, Co. Dublin, i 

AYLM53R, Col. Edmund Kendal Grim- ! 
STON, C.B. (Mil. 1902), 19th Hussars; Egypt; 
1882-4, Soudan 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1902 :' h. , 
1859. Cluh, Nav. and Mil. \ 

AYR, Viscount. (-ScoM 622)— see "Bute, M. 
of." i 

AYSCOUGH, PERRY-, Hon. Mrs. George, j 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Congleton. 

AYTOTJISr, MaJ. Andrew, D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. | 
and Suthd. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1899-igoo ; b. 


122 BAB LHrectory of Feerage, , BAG 



BABTIE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1899), ; 
UtC (1899), R.A.M.C., M.B., a Kt. of Grace Sr. I 
John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1900, 
now Assist. Dir.-Gen. A.M.S. : b. 1859. Bes., 

1 21 Carlisle Mansns., Westmr., S.W., and 68 

I Victoria St., S.W. 

! BACKHOUSE, Baroxet. Sir Jonathan Ed- 
I nvTsT) Badihoiise, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1901), a D.L. for N. 
I Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
j son of Edmd. Backhouse, Esq., b. 1849, widower. 
1 Heir, his son Edmund Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 
I 2nd heir, next son, Oliver, Lieut. R.N., b. 1876). 
i Seats, Uplands, Darlington ; The R.ookery, Mid- 
I dleton Tyas R.S.O., Yorks. 

\ BACKHOUSE, Col. Julius Batt, C.B. (Mil. 
; 1902), late East Kent Regt. (the Buffs) ; Zulu 
i War 1879, and S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1854. 
; BACKHOUSE, Maj. Miles Roland Charles, 
I D.S.O. (1902), Northumbd. Imper. Yeom.; S. 
; Africa 1900-2 : b. 1878. 

\ BACOJ^, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 
\ Bacon, iith Bt. of Redgrave {Eng. 1611, Premier 
I Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhall, Eng. 

1627), F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
i 1887), a Co. Aid. for Lindsey Div., formerly 
: Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 16th Bt., b. 1855, 
sue. 1872. Heir pres., "hishro. Nicholas Henry 
(b. 1857 ; 2nd heir, Utters son Edmund Castell, 
b. 1903). Seat, Thonock Hall, Gainsborough, 
Lines. ; town res., Queen Anne's Mansns., St. 
James's Pk., S.W. 

*#* The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Verulam, eommouly, 
) ut incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St. Albans, or rather St. Alban— all his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Roger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son. Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became ist Bt. 

BACON, Capt. Reginald Hugh Spencer, 
^ D.S.O. (1897), R.N., Benin 1897; author of a 
; ' Manual of Electric Lighting : ' b. 1863. 
1 BADCOCK, Knight. Gen, Sir Alexander 
I Robert Badcock, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902), C.S.I. (1895), 

I. A., served in Bhutan Expedn. 1864-5, Hazara 
j 1868, Perak 1875-6, Afghanistan 1878-80, now a 

Memb. Counc. of India, was Q.M.G. in India 
j 1895-1900: b. 1844, mar. 1865 Theophila Lowther, 

dau. of J. S. Dumergue, Esq. Bes., The Elms, 

Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 
BADCOCK. Capt. Francis Frederick, D.S.O. 

(1892), I.A., Hazara 1888 and 1891, 2nd Miran- 

zai, Hunza Nagar, Waziristan, and Tirah 1897-8 : 

b. 1867 (son of preceding). 
BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 

Controller of London Postal Service, in G.P.O. 
j from 1858: b. 1840. Bes., Springfield, Brodrick 
; Rd., Upp. Tooting, S.W. 

I BADENOCH, Baron {Scot. 1600), a title of the | 
j Huntly Marquessate. j 

BAGGE, Baronet. Sir Alfred Thomas Bagge. ] 
\ 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1867), retired Capt. R.N. (served \ 
in China 1857-61), a D. L. for Norfolk : son of 1st j 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1843, sue. 1881, mar. 1872 i 
Millicent Case, dau. of the late Jno. G. MoiTis, 
Esq. Heir, his son Alfred William Francis 
(b. 1875, 2nd heir, next son, John Picton, b. 
1877) . Seat ; Stradsett Hall, Downham Market, 

BAGGE, Baronet's Widow {remrrd.). Alice, 
Lady B., dau. of the late Alf. Giles, Esq., mar., 
1st, 1865. Sir Wm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
2ndly, 1889, Wm. Wainwright, Esq., but retains 
title 'by right. Bes., The Deanery, Sth. Mailing, 

BAGGE, Maj. Richard Ludv/ig, D.S.O. 
(1900-i), 3rd Batt. Norf. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 
1900-2 : b. 1872. Bes., Mintlsm House, Hunstan- 
ton R.S.O., Norf. 
BAGOT, family name of following Barony, 
BAGOT, Baron. William Bagot, 4th Bn. 
{Gt. Br.) and a Bt., F.L.S., F.S.A. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Cliamb. and Lord in Waiting to Q,ueen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in comd. Staffordsh. 
Yeom., formerly Gov.-Gen. of Canada : 
son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1856; sue. 1887 (C.) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian, dau. of late Henry May, Esq., 
of Maryland, U.S.A. Seats, Blithfield, Rugeley, 
Staffs. ; Pool Pk., Ruthin, Denbighsh, {let). 

Creations. A Bt. E'tig. 1627; Bn. Bagot, Gt. Br. 
1780.— Sir Wm. Bagot, istBn.,wasM.P. for Staffordshire. 

Titled Relatives. 


Surviving issue of 3;-^ Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaiv, prev. 
Hamar Baas, b. 1853, mar. igoi, 2nd hush.. Rev. 
Bernd. I). Douglas S., late Curate of St.. Paul's, 
Knightsbridge. Res., S Hereford Gdns., Park Ln., 

(Present Baron, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Katherine Jane, now Hon. Mrs. David Smythe, 
h. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray S. Res., 
Methven Cafitle, Perth. 
Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Mrs. 
Neivdigate-Neiudegate, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1861, mar. 1888 Fras. Alex. Newdigate, 
Esq., M.P., who assumed the addit. name of Kew- 
degate 1902. Res. , Arbary, Nuneaton, Warwicks. ; 
AVest Hallam, Derby ; Drumcherk, Aultbea R.S.O., 

Hon. Walter Lewis B., heir pres. to Barony, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj. in Army and Maj. in 
Res. of Offrs., was Admin, of Postal Scrvs. in S. 
Africa 1900-1, late Capt. ist Batt. Greu. Gds. ; 
b. 1864, mar. 1892 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. 
of Hon. Fredk, W. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl 
Cadogan (Hon. Mrs. Walter B., of 24 Montagu 
St., Portman Sq., W.). Res., 30 Hans Mansns., 
Basil St., S.W. (2nd heir, his son Edward, b. 1896.) 

BAGOT, Knight. Sir Charles Samuel Bagot, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), B.A., banister-at-law, late a 
Legal Commissr. in Lunacy, now an Hon. Com- 
missr : b. 1828, mar. 1851 ,Lucy Francesca, dau. 
of the late Edmund G. Hornby, Esq. Bes., 
The Gables, East Sheen, Mortlake, S.W.. and 66 
Victoria St., S.W. 


Baronetage^ Knightage, &c. BAE 123 

BAGOT, Col. Charles Hehvky, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), E.B., Afghn. 1878-9, Bechuanald. 1884-5, 
late Dep. Insxj.-Gen. of Fortificns. : b. 1847. 
Ees., 4 Cambalt Ed., Putney Hill, S.W. 

BAHRIA— see " Delia Bahria." 

BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BAILEY, Knight. Sir William Henry Bailey, 
Kt. Bach. (1894), Manag. Dir. of V/. H. Bailey 
and Co., Mayor of Salford 1893-4 and Past Pres. 
of Manch. Assoc. of Engineers, a pioneer of the 
Ship Canal : b. 1838, mar. i865 Jane Dearden, 
dau. of Jas. Doming, Esq. lies., Sale Hall, 
Cheshire, m\ Manchester; Glan-y-Mor, Beaumaris. 

BAILEY, Capt. Arthur Harold, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Lanes. Eegt. ; Rhodesia 1896-7 and 
Boer War 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. John, dau. of 4th Ba. 
Lyttelton— see "Cobham." 

BAILEY, Capt. Percy James, D.S.O. (1902), 
12th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1873. 

BAILEY, Rowland, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
I.S.O. (1904), Controller of Stores, Works Office. 

BAILLIE, Baronet. Sir Egbert Alexander 
Baillie, /^ih.'Bt. oi Polkemmet {U.K. 1823), Maj. 
:^th Co. of Lond. Imper. Yeom. : bro. of 3rd 
Bt. and nephew of 2nd, b. 1859, sue. 1896, mar. 
1887 Isabel, dau. of the lateDavid E. Wilkie, Esq., 
af Melbourne. Heir, his son Gawain George 
Stuart (b. 1893; 2nd heir, next son, Adrian 
William Maxwell, b. 1898). lies., 41 Oakley St., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

BAILLIE, Baronet's Widow. Mary, Lady 
B., dau. of Stair H. Stewart, Esq., mar. 1846 Sir 
Wm. Baillie, 2nd Bt. (d. 1890). ifes., Polkemmet, 
Whitburn , Linlithgow sh . 

BAILLIE, Hon, Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Boyne. 

1 BAILLIE, Lt.-Col. Augustus Charles, D.S.O. 

1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army ; S. Africa 1900-2, 
j iow Maj. Lovat's Scouts : b. 1861. 
I BAILLIE, Lady Blanche Harriet Emma, 
■ >ist. of 4th E. of Malmesbury. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of Bn. Burton. 
1 BAILLIE, Lieut. John Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), 

!. African Constab. ; Boer War 1901-2 : b. 1874. 

?('s., Pretoria. 
BAILLIE, COCHEANE-, family name of 

jAmington Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 
j BAILLIE-HAMILTON— see "HamUton, B.-" 
i: BAINBRIDGE, Knight. Col. Sir Edmond 
l lainbridf/e, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), E.A. retired, late 
i iupt. of Ordn. Factories and of Eoy. Labora- 

ory, Woolwich, has also been Instr. to Sch. of 
I'ruimery, Sec. of Ordn. Cmttee., &c. : b. 1841, 

lar. 1880, 2nd wife, Kate, dau. of Jno. Page, 

Isq. Ees., Haddon Lodge, Shooter's Hill, S.E. 
j BAINBEIDGE, Capt. Norman Bruce, D.S.O. 
! :900-i), W. Eid. Eegt. ; Boer War 1899-1901, now 

a Ordn. Offr. 4th class : b. 1S69. 
1 BAINBEIDGE, Capt. William Frank, D.S.O. 
I 900-1), LA. ; N. W. Frontier 1897-8, China 1900 : 
1. 1873. 

BAINES, Bishop — see "Natal," and note 
I Baynes" as distinct. 

BAINES, Frederick Ebenezer, C.B. (Civ. 

585), late Surv.-Gen. of Telegrs. and Assist. See. 

.P.O., ret. 1893 : b. 1832. Ees., Tunb. Wells. 
\ BAINES, Jervoise Athelstane, C.S.I. (1894), 
! .R.G.S.,F.B.S.S.(Hon. Sec), late Aid. L.C.C.,in 

C.S. 1858-95 as Magistrate, Forest Olfr., Census 

Commissr., &c., author of several works on India : 
b. 1847. Ees., Cleveland, Kidlington. Oxford. 

BAIED, Baronet of Neivhyth. Sir David 
Baird, 3rd Bt. {V.K. 1809), a D.L. for Co. 
Haddington and Commissr. of Supply for 
Midlothian, formerly Maj. gSth Eegt. and of 
74th Highldrs., ' served in Kaffir and Crimean , 
Wars and in Mutiny : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1832, \ 
sue. 1852, mar., 1864 Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of : 
12th Bn. Elantyre {Hon. Laii^ Boird of Newbyth). ' 
Heir, his son Capt. David B. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, I 
next son, William Arthur, b. 1879). Newbyth \ 
House, Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. i 

*** This line is a branch of the following. The ist : 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.C.B., was a distinguished 1 
militaiy commander who figured at the capture of i 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corunna. \ 

BAIED, Baronet of Saughton Hall. Sir | 
William James Gardiner Baird, 8th Bt. {Scot. \ 
1696), Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Lothians ! 
and Berwieks. Imper. Yeom., formerly Lieut, i 
7th Hussars, is a Commissr. of Supply for Mid- \ 
lotliian: son of 7th Bt., b. 1854, sue. 1896, j 
mar. 1879 Hon. Arabella Eose Evelyn Hozicr, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands {Hon. Lady Baird of 
Saughton Hall). Heir, his son James Hozier 
Gardiner (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next son. William 
Frank Gardiner, b. 1885). Ees., Luchie, Nth. 
Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of TJrie. Sir Alexander 
Baird, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1897), Lord Lieut, of Kin- 
cardinesh., and a D.L. for Inverness-sh. and for 
Co. of City of Aberdeen: son of the late Jno. 
Baird, Esq., b. 1849, widower (having mar. Hon. 
Annette M. Balk, dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, 
his son John Lawrence (b. 1874 ; 2nd heir, next 
son, Alexander Walter Frederick, D.S.O., q.v.). 
Seat, Urie, Stonehaven, Kincardinesh. i 

BAIRD, Hon. Ladies— see under above Bts. i 
of Newbyth and Saughton Hall. 

BAIRD, Knight. Adm. Sir John Kennedy 
Erskine Baird, K.C.B. (Mil. 1890), serN^ed in 
Russian War and commanded Chan. Squad. 
1888-90, ret. 1897, was a Nav. A.D.C. to Oueen 
Victoria : bro. of Sir David Baird, Bt. of New- 
byth; b. 1833. 7t'e6., 31 CadoganPl., S.W. - : 

BAIED, Maj . Alexander Walter Frederick, • 

D. S.O. (1902), Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 ! 
as a Staft'-Cjpt. : b. 1876 (son of above Bt. of ! 
Urie) . j 

BAIED, Col. Andrew Wilson, C.S.I. (1897), 

E. E. retd., F.E.S., F.E.G.S., A.M.LC.E., Fell. \ 
Imper. Inst, (on Governing Body), Abyss. 1867, 
was Dep. Supt. of Great Trigonometr. Surv. of | 
India, late Master of Calcutta Mint: b. 1842. | 
Ees., Palmer's Cross, Elgin. j 

BAIED, Capt. Henry Hume Chisholm, D.S.O. \ 
(1900-1), E. Kent Eegt.; S. Africa 1900-1 as j 
Signalling Oflfr. : b. 1878. i 

BAIED, John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), a , 
2nd Sec. in Diplom. Serv. (Abyssinia and Somali- ; 
land). ; 

BAKEE, Baronet of Ashcomhe, or of Eanston. 
Sir Eandolf Littlehales Baker, 4th Bt. I 
{U.K. 1S02), 2nd Lieut. Dorset Imper. Yeom.: 
son of 3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No present 
heir. Seat, Eanston, Blandford, Dorset. 

BAKER, Baronet of Dunstable House. His 
Honour Sir George Sherston Baker, 4th Bt. {Gt, 
Br. 1796), Recorder of Barnstaple and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has been a 
Revising Barrister and an Examiner to the Four | 
Inns of Court, is editor of several legal works : ; 
gt. grandson of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin once 
rem. of 3rd ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1873 

Directory of Peerage, 


Jane Mary, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Fegen, Esq., 

C. B. Heir, his son Dodingtox George Richard 
Sherstun (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, next son, John 
Dunstan Sherston, b. 1882). Tics., 18 Cavendish 
Ed., St. John's Wd., N.W. ; chamb., 13 Bank 
St.. Lincoln. 

BAKER, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. of 
Ashcombe (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 
Marrj-at), mar. 1875, as 2nd wife, Rev. Sir Talbot 

' H. B. Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 

j 1900). Bes., with Sir Randolf. 

BAKER, Knight (1). Sir Augustine Eitz- 
Gerald BaJier, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., Pres. of 
Incorp. Law Soc. of Ireld.: b. 1851. Bes., 56 
Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

' BAKER, Knight (2). Sir Benjamin Baker, 
K.C.B. (Civ. i902\ K.C.M.G. fiSgo), LL.D., 

D. Sc. E.R.S., Past Pres. Inst. C.E. and Lt.-Col. 
and Hon. Col. Engr. and Rail. Vols., joint engr. 
of the Forth Bridge nvd of ihe Nile Pieservoir, a 
memb. of Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1840. Bes., Bowden 
Grn., Pangbourne, Reading; 2 Queen Sq. PI., 
Queen Anne's Gt., S.W., and 110 Piccadilly, W. 

BAKER, Knight (3). Sir John Baker, Kt. 
Bach. (1895), a wool merchant, twice Mayor of 
Portsmouth, anM.P. 1892-igoo : b. 1828, widower. 
Bes., North End House, Landport, Portsmouth; 
4 Queen's Gdns., Hove, Brighton. 

BAKER, Knight (4). Hon. Sir Richard 
Chaffey ^flAer, K.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., Pres. of 
first Senate of Austral. Commonwealth, prev. 
nine years Pres. of Leg. Counc. S. Aust., where 
he had been Attomey-Gen. , Min. of Ju.stice, &c. : 
b. 1842, mar. 1865 Katherine Edith, dau. of Richd. 
B. Colley, Esq. Bes., Adelaide. 

BAPIER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Florence, 
dau. of M. Finnian von Sass), mar. i85o, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Saml. W. Baker, F.R.S., distinguished 
African traveller (d. 1893) . Bes., Sandford Orleigh, 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BAKER, Capt. Arthur Brander, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Imper. Bushmen; S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1868. 

BAKER, Edward Norman, C.S.L (1900), has 
been Financ. Sec. to Govts, of Bengal and India, 
also a Dep. Commissr., now an M.L.C. of Bengal : 
b. 1857. Bes., Calcutta. 

BAKER, Col. George. C.B. (Mil. 1887), 67th 
Regt. retd. ; China i860, Afghn. 1878-80, and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. 20th Eegtl. Dist 1891-6 : b. 
1840. Res., Manor Farm, Frindsbury, Rochester. 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of iSth Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Maj. Robert Joseph, D.S.O. (1902), 
Qmr. and Hon. Maj. 5th Batt. Roy. Dubl. Fus. 
(Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1856. Bes., 138 Sth. 
Circular Rd.. Dublin. 

BALA R. VARMA— see " Travancore." 

BALCARRES, Earl of {Scot. 1651)— see 

BALCARRES (proii. Balcar'rez), Lord (ft// 
courtesy) , M.P., eld. son and heir of E. of Crawford 
and Balcarres, q .v. Title varied, from one of those 
of the Earldom, " Baron Lindsay of Balcarres." 

BALD, Maj. Alfred Campbell, D.S.O. (1902). 
Res. of Officers; served in S. Africa 1899-1902 
with the Black Watch. 

BALDOCK, Col. Thomas Stanford, C.B. (Mil. 
J902), R.A., S. Africa 1901-2, was Brig.-Maj.R. A. 
in Malta 1890-4, now on Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1854. 
Bes., Bapchild Ct., Sittingbourne, Kent. 

BALD WIN, Maj. Guy Melfort, D.S.O. (1896), 

I.A.. Hazara i888, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 
1897-8 : b. 1865. 

BALE, Knight. Hon. Sir Henry Bale, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), Ch. Justice of Natal, formerly | 
Attorn. -Gen. and Memb. Counc. of Educ, also 
Chmn. of various Cmttees., and has twice been | 
requested to form a Ministry, appd. Q.C. 1897: 
b. 1854, mar. 1904, 2nd wife, Miss Berninff. Bes., 
Ingieside, Pietermai-itzbm-g. 

BALFOUR, family name of Kinross Barons', 
q.v. for "Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 

BALFOUR. Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.O. {Gt. Br. 1885, /. ' 
1887), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., M.P. for i 
E. Manchester (C), an Elder Brother of Trinity ' 
House, a D.L. for Haddingtonsh., Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury (appd. to former ; 
olfice July 12, 1902), late also Lord Privy ; 
Seal ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh Univ. , late . 
Lord Rector of St. Andrews and Glasgow, and 
has been Ch. Sec. for Ireland (1887-91), Sec. for i 
Scotland, Pres. of Local Govt. Bd., and Assist. | 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, having accom- 
panied the Spec. Mission of Lords Beaconsfield 
and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878 ; was Pres. 
of Brit. Assoc. 1904; author of 'Foundations 
of Belief,' 'A Defence of Philosophic Doubt,' 
and other works : son of Jas. Maitland Balfour, 
Esq., and of Lady Blanche Cecil, sist. of late 
Marq. of Salisbury ; b. July 25, 1848 ; unmrrd. 
Bes., Whittingehame , Prestonkirk , Haddin gtonsh . ; 
10 Downing St., S.AV. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
Gerald AVilliam Balfour, P.C. {Irel. 1895, Gt. 
Br. 1900), M.A., M.P. for Centr. Leeds (C), 
Pres. of Bd. of Trade, late Chief Sec. for Ireland ; 
was Priv. Sec. to his bro., the preceding, when 
Pres. Loc. Govt. Bd. : b. 1853, mar. 1887 Lady 
Elizabeth Edith Lytton, dau. of 1st E. of Lytton 
(Lady Betty Balfour) . lies.. Fishers Hill, Woking, 
Surrey ; 3 Whitehall Ct.. S.W. 

BALFOUR, Lady " Betty," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lvtton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

BALFOUR, Capt. Christopher Egerton, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), King's Roy. Rif. Corps ; S. 
Africa 1899-1901 as A.D.C. : b. 1872. 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of Sth D. of 

BALFOUR. Lady Helena (" Nina"), dau. of 
lOtli E. of Antrim. 

BALFOUR. Lt.-Col. John Edmond Heugh, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Maj. Res. of OS., Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. Roy. 1st Devon Imper. Yeom. ; S. 
Africa 1899-1900 as A.D.C. : b. 1863. 

ander Hugh Bruce, 6th Bn. {Scot.) , a Scot. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), 
M.A., LL.D., a D.L. for Clackmannan, andChanc. 
of St. Andrews Univ., late Sec. for Scotland (with 
seat in the Cabinet), formerly Pari. Sec. to 
Bd. of Trade, a Lord in AVaiting to Queen 
A^ictoria, and Capt. Highld. Bord. Militia ; has 
been Chmn. of four Commssns. : son of Robert 
Bruce, Esq., a descendant of 4th Bn. ; b. Jan. 13, 
1849 ; sue. 1869, when the Barony was relieved of 
the attainder under which it had lain from 1716 
(C); mar. 1876 Lady Katherine 'Eiiza. Hamilton- 
Go rdo7i, dau. of 5th E. of Aberdeen. Seat, 
Kennet House, Alloa, Clackmannansh. ; townres., 
47 Cadogan Sq., S.AA^. 

Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Scot. 1607.— Sir 
Michael Balfour (Kt.), the ist Bn., was Ambassador to 
the Duke of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 

BAL Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAN 125 

pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of liis sister, who 
had married Brig,-Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Rklatives. 
Issue of present (fith) Bn. : 
Hon. Mary B., b. 1877. 
Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1870. 
Master of Bukleigh, heir to Barony : Hon. Robert 
B., Lieut, ist Batt. Argyll and Suthd. Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1880. 
Hon. George John Gordon B., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Victoria Alexandrina Katherine b, 1898. 

Sist. of 'present Bn. (advanced to rank of a Bn.'s 
daughter 1870) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1849.) 

Hon. Henrietta Anne, no^ Hon. Mrs. Claud Hamil- 
ton, b. 1850, mar. 1874 the late Claud H. II., Esq. (d. 
1900). Res., Dunmore Pk., Larbert, Stirlingsh. ; 
Cochua, Duntocher, Dumbartonsh, nr. Glasgow. 

BALGONIE, Lord {by courtesi/— title, Bn. B., 
Scot. 1641), eld. son and heir of E. of Leven and 
Melville, q.v. 

BALINHAED, Baron ( U.K. 1869) , Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Knight (1). Sir Charles Bent Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), M.D., I'.R.C.S.I., Reg-. Prof, 
of Surg, in Trin. Coll. Dublin and an Hon. Surg. 
; to H.M. in Ireld. : b. 1851 (bro. of follg.), mar. 
: 1874 Annie Julia, dau. of the late Danl. Kinahan, 
Esq. J?es., 24 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BALL) Knight (2) . Sir Robert Stawell Ball, 
Kt. Bach. {1886), M.A., LL.D., E.R.S., F.R.S.B., j 
F.R.A.S. (Past Pres.), late Royal Astronomer 
for Ireland, now Lowndean Prof, of Astron. and | 
Geom. at Cambridge, well known as a mathe- 1 
matician and astronomer, and also as a popular 
author and lecturer : b. 1840, mar. 1868 Prances 
Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele, Esq. Bes., 
Observatory, Cambridge. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in 1901 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. Bes., 
Hereford House, Klcof St., Cape Town, 

BALLARAT, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Vincent Green, LL.D., 2nd Bishop, late 3rd 
Bishop of Grafton and Annidale, formerly 
Archdn. of Ballarat and Exam, in Hist, and Polit. 1 
Econ. to Melbourne Univ. : b. 1857, niar. 1880, 
cons, to Grafton 1894, transl. 1900. Bes., Bishops- 
court, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLARD, Henry, C.M.G. (1901), Port Capt. 

iat Durban, Natal : b. 1840. 
BALLINBRIECH, Baron {Scot. 1458), a title j 
of E. of Rothes. I 
BALLY, Maj.-Gen. John Ford, C.V.O. (1903), ■ 
I R.A., Zulu campaign 1879, now eomdg. R.A. at ; 
i Gibraltar : b. 1845. j 
BALLYMOTE, Baron {Irel. 1628) — see ! 
'! "Taaffe, Vise." ; 
BALMORE, Baron {Scot. 1600)— see " Huntly, 

Ii M. of." I 
BALNIEL, Baron {Scot. 1651)— see " Crawford, ! 
E. of." 
BALQUHIDDER, Viscount {Scot. 1676), and 
I BALaHDR., GLENALMOND, &c. (1703)— see 
I " Atholl, D. of." 

BALRATH, Baron AYLMER of {Irel. 1718) 
j, — see " Aylmer, Bn." 

1 BALVAIRD, Baron {Scot. 1641), a title of the 
i Mansfield Earldom. 

i BALVENIE &e., Bakon {Scot. 1676) see 
"Atholl, D. of." 

BALWEARIE &c., Baron (Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO, DuQUESA DEL — see *' Del Balzo." 

BAMPFYLDE, family name of Poltimore 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Baronet. Sir Frederick George 
Banlury, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1902 M.P.), for Peckhara 
{€'.), a partner in Fredk. Banbury and Sons, 
stockbrokers : son of Fredk. Banbury, Esq., of 
Shirley ; b. 1850, mar. 1873 Elizabeth Rosa, dau. 
of the late Thos. B. Beale, Esq. Heir, his son 
Charles "William (b. 1877; no 2nd heir). Seat, 
Warneford PI.', Highworth, Swindon ; toion res., 
41 Lowndes St., S.W. : offices, 23 Old Broad St., 

BANCROFT, Knight. Sir Squire Bancroft 
Bancroft, Kt. l^ach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of the Prince of Wales's Theatre, aftds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 
as a reader on behalf of charities : b. 1841, mar. 
1867 Marie Effie Wilton, who had also earned dis- 
tinction on the stage. Bes., 18 Berkeley Sq., "W. 

BANDANARAIKE, Solomon Dias, C.M.G. 
(1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon and a native 
A.D.C. to Gov. : b. 1862. Bes., Horagolla 
(Vryangoda), L^dugaha (Walanwa), and Broom- 
field (Nawera Eliya)— all in Ceylon. 

BaNDINI, Marchess— see " Giustiniani-B." 

BANDINI, GIUSTINL^NI-, family name of 
Newburoh Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
" Hons." (See " Giustiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Earl of. James Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl {Irel.), an Lish Repres. Peer (el. | 
i88i), K.P. C1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of | 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Ai-till. Mil., was on Staff of D. of Abercom (Ld. 
Lieut.) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E. ; b. Sept. 12, 1850; 
sue. 1877 (C.) ; mar. 1876 Hon. Georgiana 
Dorothea Harriet Evans-Freke., dau, of 7th Bn. 
Carbery. Seat, Castle Bernard, Bandon, Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bandon, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
1795; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1800.— The ist 
Peer was M.P. for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles successively. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of^^-d E. (sista. of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Aid- 
worth, b. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Col. Richd. AVm. A. 
(d. 1899). Res., Ne^vmarket Ct., Newmarket, Co. 

Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ) Res., 78 

Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1843. > Chester 
Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1844. ) Sq., S.W, 

(PiiEsKNT Earl, b. 1850.) 

Lady Kathleen Frances, now Lady K. Gaupsen, b. 
1853, mar. 1885 Alfd. W. Geo. G., Esq. Res., 3 Wal- 
pole St., Chelsea, S.W. 

Heir pres. to Earldom (a 1st cousin) : 

Capt. Percv Brodrick B., a D.L. for Co. Galway 
once an M.P. and Priv. Sec. to two Vicei-oys of 
Ireld. : son of Et. Rev. tlie Hon. Chas. B. Bernard, 
Bp. of Tuam ; b. 1844, mar. 1900, 3rd wife, Eva, 
dau. of the late Henry Hoare, Esq. Res., Csstle 
Hackett, Tuam, Co. Galway. (2nd heii , his son 
Ronald Percy Hamilton, b. 1875.) 

BANDON BRIDGE, Baron {Irel. 1628) — 
see Cork and O., E. of." 

BANERJEE, Sir Gooroo Dass, Kt. Bach. 
(1904), M.A., late a Puisne Judge of the High Ct. 
at Fort William, Bengal, and Vice-Chanc. of 
Calcutta Univ. 

BANFIELD, Col. Rees John Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), Welsh Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
now Ch. Staff Offr. at Gibraltar: b. 1850. 

126 BAIf Directory 

BANGOR, Bishop of. Rt. Eey. Y/atkix 
i Herbkrt WiUianis, D.D., 72nd Bp., late Dean 
i of St. Asaph and ComRry. to Bp. of Sasliat- 
; chewan : son of Sir Ilugli Williams, 3vd Bt. of 
i Bodelwyddan ; b. 1845, rnar. 1879, con.s. 1899. ent, 
Lords 1904 {C). i?e,s., Glyngarth Palace. Menai 
I BridgeE.S.O., Anglesea; Pant Eidal, Machynlleth, 
I Montgoin, 

j -BANGOR, ViscorxT. Henrv William Crosbie 
Ward, 5th Vise. {Treh), an Irish Repres. Peer 
I (el. 1885), a D.L. for Co. Down, formerly Capt. 
i 43rd Regt,, served in Kafiir War 1851-3 : son of 
: 3rd V. and bro. of 4th ; b. Jnlv 26, 1828 ; sue. 
i i88i (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1854, the late Mary, dan. of 
! Rev. Hy. King (she died i86g) ; 2ndly, 1874, 
i Elizabeth, dan. of Maj. Hugh Eccles. Seat, 
I Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

I Creatioxs. In l. : Bn. Bangor (Down), 177c ; Vise. B. 1781. 
—The ist Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Co. Down. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5^/;) V. : 

Hon. Harriette Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Waller, 
b. 1856, mar. 1881 Maj. -Gen. Jno. Edmd. W. Res., 
Aughnacloy, Killiney, Co. Dublin. 
The deceased Henry Somerset Andrew ir.,b. 1857, 
d. i860. 

Hon. Kathleen Annette Norah W., b. 1859. 

Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Kennedy, 
h. i860, mar. 1883 Robt. Jiio. IC, Esq., C.M.G., q.v. 

The deceased Mary Henrietta ]V., h. & d. 1861. 

The late Hon. Edwiird William Hy. W., b. 1863, d. 1887. 

Hon. Emily Georgiana W., b. 1865. 

Hon. Maxwell Richard Crosbie W., heir to Vis- 
county, Capt. R.A. and late serving on Staff in 
Canada, now an Instructor in Sch. of Gunnery: 
b. 1868. Clnh, Army and Nuvj'- (2nd heir, his 
uncle Hon. Bernard. ) 

Surviving issue of^rd V. (bros. of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, b. 1837, d. unmrrd. 1881.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 182S.) 

lit.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Slatthew W., served in 
Crimea, retired i8S6, is Col. Suffolk Regt. : b. 1831, 
mar. 1873, zndv/ife, Laura, dau.of Mai. -Gen. Evan 
Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard W.). Res., 
StaplecrosR Lodge, Christchurch, Hants. 

Capt. Hon. Somerset Richard Hamilton Augusta W., 
formerly of 17th Foot, served in Crimea and 
Mutiny: b. 1833, mar. 1859 Norah Mary Elizabeth, 
dau. of Lord George Ausrusta Hill, son of and M. of 
Downshire (Hon. Mrs. Somerset W.). Res., Isle 
O' Valla House, Strangford, Downpatrick. 

— Dau.-in-lmij : 

Hon. IVIrs. William W. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
late Lt.-Col. Hon. Richd. Hare, bro. of 2nd E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 tlie late Adm. Hon. Wm 
Jno. W., of long nav. and diplom. service (d. 1500). 

I BANKART, StafP-Surg. Arthur Regixald, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 189S), M.B., R.N., late 

I Surg. Ocean Steam.ship Co., now to Roy. Yacht 

I ' Victoria and Albert : ' b. 186S. Ctub, Roy. Socs. 

i BANKS, KxiGiiT. Sir John (Thomas) Ban7c.<:, 

\ K.C.B. (Civ. 1889), M.D., LL.D., D.Sc, a D.L. 

: for Monaghan (High Sheriff 1891), an Hon. Phys. 

i to H.M. in Ireld., and ex-Pres. of Roy. Col. of 
Physicians in Ireid. and of Brit. Med. Assoc., a 
rnemb. of Senate of Roy. Univ. : b. 1817, widower. 
Bes., 45 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BANKS, Kxight's Widow. Lady 7?. (Eliza- 
beth Rathbone, dau of Jno. Elliott, Esq.), mar. 
1874 Sir Wm. Mitchell Bauks, M.D., Emeritus 
Prof, of Anatomy in Univ. Coll. Liverpool (d. 
1904). lies., The Bungalow, Wallasey, Birken- 
head ; 28 Rodnev St., Liverpool. 

BANKS, Capt" Henry John Archibald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hampshire Regt.; S. Africa 1899-igoi, 
now aninsp. in Army Ordn. Dept. : b. 1869. 

of Peerage, BAR 

BANNERMAN. Baroxet. Sir Alexander 
Bannerman, nth Et. {Scot. 1682), Capt. R.E., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902, nowwith Japanese j 
Army : son of 10th Bt., b. 1871, sue. iQOi. Heir, \ 
his 2nd cons, once rem. the under-mentioned j 
Gen. VfiLLiAJi C.B. (2nd heir, latter's son 
Capt. Wyndham Philip B., b. 1870). Bes., 
Brackley, Northants. 

BANNERMAN, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Anne Mary, dau. of the late Richd. Brooke, 
Esq.), mar. 1869 Sir George Bannerman, 10th 
Bt. (d. 1901). iZfs., with present Bt. 

BANNERMAN, Maj. Arthur D'Arcy 
Gordon, CLE. (1903I, i.A,, a 1st Class Polit. 
Assist., was Sec. to Exec. Cmttee. of Delhi 
Coronation Durbar : b. i865. 
_ BANNERMAN. Geo .William, C.B. (Mil. 1887) , 
I.A. Supernum. List ; Punjab, Persia, Mutiny, 
China, and Afghn.: b. 1828, heir to above 
Baronetcy. Bes., Cheltenham. 

and Kxight. Rt. Hon. Sir Hexry Camphell- 
Bannermnn,V.C. {G. B. 1884, /. 1885), G.C.B. (Civ. 
1895), M.A., LL.D., M.P. for Stirling Burghs 
(L.y, a D.L. for Kent, late Sec. for War, prev. 
for Ireland and to Admiralty: son of Sir Jas. 
Campbell of Stracathro, b. 1836, assumed name 
of Bannerman 1872, mar. i860 Charlotte, dau. 
of the late Maj .-Gen. Sir Chas. Bruce, K.C.B. 
Sect, Belmont Castle, Meigle, Perthsh. ; town res., 6 
Grosvenor PL, S.W. 

BANTRY, Earldom of {IreL i8i6)-~extinct 
from 1891 at death of 4th E. (surname Vt'hite). 

Surviving REL.mvES. 
Davs. of ^rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilann, b. 

1850, mar. 1871 ist Bn. ^4., q.v. 
Lady Ina Slaude, now Ctss. Ferrers, b. 1852, mar. 

1885 loth Earl F., q.v. 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1854, d. 1891,) 
Lady Jane Frances Anna, now Lady J. Kenney- 

Herherl, b. 1857, mar. 1876 Edwd. Maxwell K.-H., 

Esq. Res., 3 Kent Gdns., Ealing, W. 

BANTRY, Earl's Widow (rmrr-ff.). Countess 
OF B. (now by 2nd mrrge. the Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, i885, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2nd]y, 1897— see "Trevor, Bn." 

BARBADOS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. William 
Proctor Swah?/, D.D., 5th Bp., late Bp. of 
Guiana, author of various scient. and antiq. 
publications: b. 1844, cons, to Guiana 1893, transl. 
1900. Bes., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BARBOUR, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1S89), K.C.M.G. (1899), late 
Financ. lilemb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on vpaious Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home : b. 1841, 
mar. 1883 Katherine Constance, dau. of the 
late Thos. Gribble, Esq. Bes., Tiltwood, Craw- 
ley Down, Sussex. 

BARCLAY, Baronet. Sir David Edward 
DuRELL Barcfai/, 12th Bt. {Scot. 1668), formerly 
Capt. 19th Hussars, sensed in Egvpt and Soudan : 
son of nth Bt., b. 1858, sue." 1896, mar. 1S89 
Letitia, dau. of Hon. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, 
bro. of 3rd Bn. Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. 
Robert Cecil de Belzim (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
neit bro., Colville Adrian de Rtme, M.V.O. , 
as below). Res., Parkhill, Bagshot, Surrey. 

BARCLAY, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily, dau. of the late Jas. E. Stacey, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BAR 127 

Esq.)) Tasa\ 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir David W. 
Barclay, 10th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) Louise, Lady B. 
(M^lanie Louise, dau. of Mons. E. J. de Belzim), 
mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. D. Barclay, 11th Bt. 
(d. -1896) , Res. , 6 Avenue Marceau, Paris. 

BAECLAY, KNianT. Sir Thomas Barclay, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), Vice-Pres. of Internat. Law Assoc. 
and Exam, in Jurispr. to Oxfd. Univ., formerly 
Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of Commerce, rendered 
important service in the passing of the Anglo- 
French Treaty of 1904. Chamh., isOldSq., Line. 
Inn, W.C. 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cameron, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BAECLAY, Colville Adrian de Eune, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 2nd Sec. Brit. Embassy 
at Paris. : b. 1869. Clzcb, St. James's. 

BAECLAY, George Head, C.M.G. (1898), See. 
of the Brit. Legat. at Tokio, late to Emb. at 
Constantinople, prev. at Madrid, Eome, and 
Washington : b. 1862. Bes., Brit. Legat., Tokio. 

BAECLAY, Lt.-Col. Henry Albert, M.Y.O. 
(4th Class, 1901), comdg. the King's Own Norf . 
Imper. Yeom., a D.L. for Norfolk and Surrey : 
b, 1858. Bes., Hanworth Hall. Norwich ; The 
Grange, Cromer ; Underbills, Bletchingley ; Eed 
Hill, Surrey; Chellowes Pk,, same Co. ('post 
town) . 

BAECLAY, Egbert Buchanan, I.S.O. (1902), 
X Gen. Supt. and Insp. Offr. in Loe. Govt. Bd. 
Scotld. : b. 1843. 

BAEHAM, Baron (f^.A', 1805)— see "Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BAEHAM, Knight. Sir George Barham, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), Chmn. of Express Dairy Co., and 
engaged in various financ. and agricult. under- 

BAKING, family name of the Northbrook 
md Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
md Eevelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
ines as initialled : 

In.Alex.F.St.V.A. Hn. Cecil, r. Hn. Lilian, a. 
In. Alex. Hy. a. Hn. Everard, k. Hn. Maurice, r. 
In. Alice, n. Hn. Fras. Hy. n. Hn. Theresa C. a. 
In. AlmaMadel.A.Hn. Frecik. Arth.A.Ly. Ulrica, r. 
In. Angela, A. Ly. Grace Eliz. n. Hn. Venetia, a. 
In. Aurea Vera, a. Hn. Guy Vict. a. Ha. Violet, a. 
; In. CarylDigby,A. Hn. Hugo, r. Hn. Windham, c. 

The kinship of the four houses is shown by the follg. 
able : 

Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt. 


2nd Bt. ist Ashburton. H3'. Baring. 

I I I I I 

{n,. Nthbk. 2 Ashbn. 3 Ashbn. i Rvlstk. Cromer. 
LofNthbk. 4 Ashbn. 2 Rvistk. 

5 Asiibn. 

BAEING, Viscount {hy courtesy— title U.K. 
876), only son and heir of E. of Northbrook. 

BAEKEE, Knight. Gen. Sir George Digby 
larker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1900), served in Persia 1857, 
lutiny, and has comd. troops in China, and been 
\.ssist. Dir. of Mil. Educ. at Headqrs. and 
u.A.G. and A.Q.M.G. for West Dist., was Gov. 
f Bermuda 1896-1902, ret. in latter year: b. 
833, mar. 1902, 2nd wife, Kathleen Weston, 
an. of Edwd. G. Elwes, Esq. Bes., The Priory, 
lareE.S.O., SufPolk. 

BAEKEE, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of ist Bn. 

i BAEKEE, Col. John Stewart Scott, C.B. 
i (Mil. 1903), E.A., S. Africa 1899-1902, late an 
j A.A.G. in Southern Comd., now a Col. on Staff 

for E.A. in India : b. 1853. Re^., Devonport. 
1 BAEKEE, Eayner Childe, CLE. (1889), 
! served as Engr. in Burma i885-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Indo-Eui'op. 
Telegs. : b. 1858.' i?es., Teheran. 

BAEKEE, Lieut. W^ F., D.S.O. (1900-1), S. 
African Lt. Horse; Boer War 1900-1, Be.?., 

BAEKING, Bishop of. Et. Eev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. Suff. in St. Albans 
Dioc, Arehdn. of Essex, prev. Vic. of Saffron 
Waiden and Eur. Dean of Barking: b. 1842, 
mar. i856, cons. 1901. Bes., St. Mary':; Hosp., 
Ilford, Essex. 

EAEKLY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anne 
Maria, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Sir Thos. S. Pratt, 
K.G.B.), mar. i85o, as 2nd wife. Sir Henrv Barklv, 
G.C.M.G., K.C.B. , formerly an M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898). 
Bes., 63 Kensington Mansns., Trebovir Ed., S.W. 

BAELOV/, Baronet of Fort WilUam, Bengal. 
Sir Hilaro William Wellesley BarJoic, 5th 
Bt. [U.K. 1803), Maj. E.A. and Supt. of Eoy. 
Laboratory at AV''oolwieh Arsenal : son of 4th Bt'., 
b. 1861, sue. 1904, mar. 1891 Victoria Katherine, 
dan. of the late Col. Hugh R. Hibbert. No heh'. 
Bes., 84 Shooter's Hill Ed., Blaekheath, S.E. • 

BAELOW, Baronet 0/ Wimpole Street. Sir 
Tuoiu\n Barloio, 1st Bt. [U.K. 1902), K.C.V.O. 
(1901), M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.E.C.P., Prof, of 
Clin. Med. at Univ. Coll. and Phj\s. to the Hosp. 
attached, also Phys. to H.M.'s Househd., was 
Phys. Extraord. to Queen Victoria, author of 
numerous med. works : son of the late Jas. Bar- 
low, Esq., of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar. 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, Esq., 
W.S. Heir, his son James Alan Noel 
1881 ; 2nd lieir, next son, Thomas Dalmahoy 
1S83). Bes., Boswells, Wendover, Tiing ; 
Wimpole St., W. 

BAELOW, Bishop— see "Goulbum." 

BAELOW, Eear-Adm. Charles James, D.f 
(1887), Egypt 1882, and Burma 1885-6, now 2nd 
in comd. of Home Fleet. Bes., Devonport. 

BAELOW, EMMOTT-, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. 
of 3rd Bn. Denman. 

BAENABY, Knight. Sir Nathaniel Barnahi/, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1885), Vice-Pres. Nav. Archi- 
tects, has been Dir. of Naval Construction : b. | 
1820, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of Jno. Webber, ' 
Esq. Bes., Bexhill-on-Sea, and Moray House. > 
BelmontHill, Lee, S.E, i 

BAENAED, Baron. Henry De Vere Vane, \ 
gth Bn. [Eng.), B.A., D.C.L. (Hon.), barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, formerly in the I 
Charity Commissn. and Lieut. N'thants. Mil. : son | 
of Sii' H^nry M. Vane and a remote cousin of 8th | 
Bn.,the 4th D. of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles be- i 
came extinct at his death with the exception of | 
this Barony; b. May 10, 1854; sue. i8gi, audi 
claim admitted 1892 {L.U.); mar._ 1881 Lady 
Catherine Sarah Cecil, dau. of 3rd M. of Exeter. 
Seat, Eaby Castle, Darlington; toivn res.. 20 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnai-d, Eng. 1698.— The ist Bn. vas 
the Rt. Hon. Sir Christopher Vane, son of Sir Henry 
Vane, perhaps best known by the exclamation of 
Cromwell on dissolving the Long Parliament ; after- 
wpa-ds treacherously beheaded under Charles II. The 3rd 
Bn. was made Eari of Darlington, and the 3rd Earl 
became Duke of Cleveland. 





Directory of Peerage, 


Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {Qfh) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Cecil V., heir to Barony, Lieut. 3i'(l 

Batt. Durham L.I. (Mil.) : b. 1882. 
Hon. Christopher William V., and heir, b. 1888. 
Hon. Ralph rrederick V., b. 1891. 

Bros, and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1892) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1854.) 

Rev. the Hon. Gilbert Holies Farrer V., M.A., 
F.B.A., b. 1855, mar. 1891 Mary, dau. of the late 
E. B. Steedman, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V.). 
Res., The Rectory, Wem, Shrewsbury. 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Rennell, b. 1856, mar. 1891 Wm. Blackstone R., Esq. 
Bes., 62 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Hon. William Lyonel V., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Durham li.L, late Maj. ist 
(line) Batt., served in 8. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1859. 
mar. 1904 Lady Katharine Louisa Pakenham, dau. 
of 4th E. of Longford. Club, Carlton. 
— Sist.-in-laiu : 

Lady Katharine V., wife of preceding. 

BARNARD, Knight. Sir Herbert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), F.S.A., a banker, Chmn. Pub. 
"Works Loan Commssn. : b. 1831, mar. 1854 Ellen, 
dau. of the late Wm. Wyndham, Esq., M.P. 
Bes., Burrows Lea, Shere, Guildford; 23 Port- 
land PL, W. 

BARNARD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Julia, dau. of Capt. Edwards, R.N. ), mar. 1858 
Gen. Sir Charles Loudon Barnard, K.C.B. (d. 
1902). Bes., Rockfield, White Cross Rd., 

BARNARDISTON, Lady Florence, dau. of 
4th E. of Dartmouth. 

BARNARDISTON, Lt. - Col. Nathaniel 
Walter, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex 
Regt. ; Military Attache at Copenhagen : b. 1858. 

BARNARDISTON, Capt. Samuel John 
Barrington, D.S.O. (1900-1), Suft'. Regt.; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1875. 

BARNBY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Edith 
Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. J. W. Silver- 
thorne),mar. 1878 Sir Jos. Barnby, Conductor 
of tlie Roy. Choral Soc. (d. 1896). Bes., Ashurst 
Hill, Tunb. Wells : 91c Grosvenor Rd., S.W. 

BARNE, Lady Constance Adelaide, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BARNES, Knight (1). Sir Hugh Shake- 
spear Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), Lt.-Gov. of Burma, late For. Under Sec. 
to Ind. Govt., prev. Ch. Commissr. and Agent 
to Ind. Viceroy in Baluchistan, Resid. in Kash- 
mir, &c., is Sec. to Orders of Star of India and 
Ind. Empire : b. 1853, mar. 1894, 2nd wife, 
Edith Helen, dau. of the late Rev. Regd. Barnes. 
Bes., Govt. House, Rangoon and Mandalay. 

BARNES, Knight (2). Hon. Sir John Gobell 
Barnes, Kt. Bach. (1892), M.A., LL.D., a Judge 
of the Probate and Divorce Ct., appd. Q.C. 1888 : 
b. 1848, mar. 1881 Maiy Humpston, dau. of the 
late Thos. Mitchell, Esq., of W. Australia. Bes., 
Stratford Hill, Stratfd. St. Mary, Suffolk, nr. 
Colchester; 14 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W. ; 
chanihs. 649 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.I.C.E., Ch. Engr. of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900: b. 
1851. Bes., 27 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BARNES, Col. Osmond, C.B. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supernum. List; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
1878-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed (in. Victoria 
as Empress : b, 1834. Bes., 40 Mount Park Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BARNES, Capt. Reginald Walter Ralph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late 4th Hussars, andComdt. and 
Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 : b.1871. 

BARNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of ist 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BARNETT, Maj. William Alexander, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), N. Staflfords. Regt. ; Zululd. and 
Boer War 1899-1900 : b. i865. 

BARNEWALL, family name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BARNEWALL, Baronet. Sir Reginald 
Aylmer John de Barneval Barnewall, lOth Bt. 
{^Irel. 1622), b. (posthumous) and sue. 1838. Heir 
pres., jiossibly some nephew or gt. nephew of 
8th Bt. Bes., 23 Cliveden PL, Eaton Sq., o.W. 

BARNHAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Consul at Aleppo, 1 prev. Smyrna, Suakin, &c. : 
b. 1854. Bes., Brit. Consulate, Aleppo. 

BARODA, the Gaekwab of. H.H. Maharaja 
SirSAYAJi Bao, Bahacbir, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chemnabai (H.H. the 3Iaharani Gaekwar), CI. 
Bes., Baroda, Western India. 

BARR, Knight. Lt.-Col. Sir David Wilt:.iam 
Keith Barr, K.C.S.I. (1902), LA. Supernum. 
List ; served in Abyssinia 1867-8, now Resid. at 
Hyderabad ; has been Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Centr,, 
India, and Res. of Gwalior and Kashmir : b. 1846, 
mar. 1871 Constance, dau. of the late Maj.- 
Gen. J. G. Scott. Address, The Residency, 
Hyderabad, Deccan. 

BARRAN, Baronet. Sir John Barran, 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1895), late partner in the Leeds merchant 
firm of Jno. Barran and Sons, an M.P. 1876-95, 
twice Mayor of Leeds, a Life Gov. of Yorks. Coll. : 
son of the late John Barran, Esq., of New 
Wandsworth; b. 1821, mar. 1878, 2nd husb. to 
2nd wife, Eliza, dau. of Wm. Brown, Esq., of 
Helensburgh, and widow of Jno. Bilton, Esq. 
Heir, his grandson John Nicholson B. (b. 1872; 
2nd heir, latter's son, b. 1904). Seat, Chapel AUer- 
ton Hall, Leeds ; town res., 24 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

BARRATT, Maj. William Cross, D.S.O. 
(1897), LA. , Soudan 1885, Zhob Valley, Wazir- 
istan, E. Africa 1895-8, China 1900 : b. 1862. 

BARRETT, Col. Arthur Arnold, C.B. (Mil. 
1903), I.A., Afghn. 1879-80, Hazara 1888, 
Miranzai and other Ind. Expedns. 1891-8: b. 

BARRETT, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Kensington. 

BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundreda, 
dau. of gth E. of Cavan. 

BARRETT, MOULTON-, Lt.-Col. Edward 
Alfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), Assist. Dir. of 
Equipmt. and Ordn. Stores at Headqrs. ; Nile 
1898, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BARRINGTON, family name of Viscounty of 
that title. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 
Burton Barrington, 5th Bt. {U.K. i83l),M.A.,a 
D.L., for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), Hon. 
Col. Limerick City Artill. Mil. : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1848, sue. 1890, mar. 1895 Mary Rose, dau. of 
Sir Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. Heir, his son Charles 
Bacon (b. 1902 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Croker, b. 
1851). Seat, Glenstal, Limerick. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet's Widow. Oli^-ia, 
Lady B. (Elizabeth Olivia, dau. of Hy. Darley, 
Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Wm. H. Barrington, 3rd 
Bt. (d. 1872). Bes., Clonkeen, Bamngton's 
Bridge, Limerick. 


Baronetage^ Knightage, <&c. 



BAEEINGTON, Knight (1) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward Barrinoton, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), an A.D.C. to Com.-in-Cli. in 
India, late Priv. Sec. to M. of Lansdowne, prev. to 
E. of Iddesleigh and twice to M. of Salisbury, was 
attached to the Spec. Mission of latter and 
Lord Beaconsfield to Berlin in 1878 : son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington and uncle of present Peer; b. 
1847 (younger bro. of follg.), mar. 1879 Christina, 
dau. of Wm. Graham, Esq. {Hon. Lady Barring- 
ton). Res., 62 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

BAREINGTON, Knight (2) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon Barrington, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), late Brit. Min. Plen. to Sweden, 
late to Argentina and Paraguav, formerly Sec. 
of Emb. at Madrid and Vienna,' and Cons!-Gen. 
at Buda-Pesth : son of 6th Vise. Banington (see 
preceding;, b. 1842. Res., ai Albany, W. 
, BARRINGTON, Viscount. Walter Bulkeley 
Barrington, gth Vise. (Ivel.), sits as Bn. Shute 
{U.K.); a D.L. and C.C. for Berks., formerly 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds. and Capt. Oxfd. Mil. : 
son of 8th V. ; b. April 20, 1848; sue. 1901 (C.) ; 
mar. 1870 the late Mary Isabella (d. 1903), dau. of 
the late Rev. Richd. Bogue. Seat, Beckett, Shriven- 
ham R.S.O., Berks. ; town res., 40 HaiTington 
Gdns., Gloucester Rd., S.W. 

Creations. Vise, and Bn. Barrington, Irel. 1720 ; Bn. 
Shute, U.K. 1880.— The ist Peer was M.P. for Berwick- 
upon-Tweed; the 7th was M.P. for Eye 1866-80 whilst 
only an Irish Peer, but obtained the U. K. Barony in the 
latter year 

Titled Eelatives. 
( Barrington.) 
Issue of present {gth) V. : 

Hon. Maude Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Eustace Fits- 
Gerald, b. 1871, mar. 1889 Hon. Eust. Robt. FitzG., 

son of late Bn. FitzG., q.v. 
Hon. Violet Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Hope Brooke, b. 

1872, mar. 1892 Jno. C. E. Hope B., Esq^. Res., The 

Hill, Thorpe ManJeville, Banbury. 
Hon. William Reginald Shute B., heir to Viscty., 

Capt. 4th Batt. Oxfordsh. L.l. (Mil.): b. 1873. 

Chtb, Bachelors'. 
Hon. Hilda Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Reginald 

Curtii, b. 1874, mar. 1894 Lt.-Col. Regd. Salmond 

C, D.S.O., R.E„ q.v. 
Hon. ( Walter) Bernard Louis B., 2nd heir, b. 1876, mar. 

1901 Eleanor Nina, dau. of his Honour Judge 

Sir T. W. Snagge (Hon. Mrs. Bernard ii.). Res., 

2 Sumner Terr., Onslow Sq., S.AV. 
Hon. Rupert Edward Selborne B., served in S. 

Africa 1900- 1, now Hon. Lieut, in Army : b. 1877, 

mar, 1903 Mary Georgina, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 

A. and Hon. Mrs. Ferguson (Hon. Mrs. Rupert B.). 

Club, Bachelors'. 
Hon. Percy Evelyn B., 2nd Lieut. 2nd Co. of Lond. 

Iinper. Yeom., b. 1884. 

Issue ofSth V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Alice Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. George Campbell, 
b. 1846, mar. i863 Geo. Aug. C, Esq. Res., The 
Market House, Brackley, JM'thants. ; 46 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

(Present Viscount, b. 1848.) 

Hon. Edith, now Hon. Mrs. Abraham Rdbarts, b. 
1850, mar. 1869 Abrm. Jno. R., Esq. Res., Tile 
House, Buckingham ; 29 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Issue of'jih V. (ist cousins of present) : 

Hon. Constance IMary, now Constance, Ladu Hal- 
don (q.v., Widow), b. 1847, mar. 1868 Lawrence 
H. Palk, Esq., altds. 2nd Bn. H. (d. 1903). 
Hon. Evelyn Laura, now Dow. Ctss. of Craven (n.v.), 

b. 1848, mar. 1867 3rd Earl of 0. (d. 1883). 
Hon. Florence B., b. 1850. 
'•Surviving issue of 6th V. (uncles and aunts of pres.) : 
[ (The late 7th Viscount, b. 1824, d. i886.) 

(The late 8th Viscount, b. 1825, d. 1901. ) 
1 Hon. Mary, now Hon. 3Irs. Alfred Sartoris^ b. 1830, 
mar. 18^ Alfd. S., Esq. Res., ij Queen's Gt. PI., 

Hon. Caroline Susan Augusta, now Dow. Ctss. of 
Normanton, q.v., b. 1834, mar. 1856 3rd Earl of N. 
(d. 1896). 

Hon. Augusta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Maclagan, b. 1836, mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, the Most 
Rev. Wm. Dalrymplo M., Abp. of York, q.v. 

Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon B., K.C.M.G., 
b. 1842— see " Barrington, Kt. (2)." 

Hon. Sir (Befnard) Eric Edward B., K.C.B., b. 1847, 
—sec " Barrington, Kt. (i)." 

Dau.-in-law of^th V. (gt. aunt of present) : 

Hon. Mrs. Henry B. (Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 
late Capt. Wright Knox), mar. 1848 the late Hon. 
Henry Fredk. Eras. Adair B. (d. iffia). 

BARRINGTON, Charles George, C.B. (Civ, 
1887), Gent. Usher of the Scarlet Rod (to Order of 
the Bath) , formerly Assist. Sec. to Treasury and 
Aud. of Civ. List: b. 1827. Res., 13 Morpeth 
Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 

Widow. Lady JC.-B. (Alicia Georgette, dau. 
of the late Geo. G. Sandeman, Esq.), a Lady of 
Grace St. John Jerus., mar. 1878 Sir Vincent H. 
Barrington Kennett-Barrington (d. 1903). Res., 
Manor House, Dorchester, Oxon, nr. Waliingford ; 
57 Albert Hall Mansns., S.W. 

BARROW, Baronet. Sir Francis Laurence 
John Barrow, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1835), son of 3rd Bt., 
b. 1862, .sue. 1900, mar. 1890 Winifred Sarah, 
dau. of the late Wm. C. Steward, Esq. Heir, his 
son Wilfrid John Wilson Croker (b. 1897; 
2nd heir, next son, b. 1904). Res., Ulverston, 
Westby Rd. , Bo scombe, Bournemouth. 

*** The ist Baronet, Sir Jno. Barrow, a distinguished 
traveller and author, was Secretary to the Admiralty 
and founder of the Royal Geographical Society. 

BARROW, Bjronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Rosamond Hester Elizabeth, dau. of the 
late Wm. Pennell, Esq., and adopted dau. of Rt. 
Hon. Jno. Wilson Cioker), mar. 1832 Sir Geo. 
BaiTOw , 2nd Bt. (d. 1876) . Res., Ulverston Cottage, 
EastMolesey, SuiTcy.— (2) Emily, Lady B. (Emily 
Jane, dau. of the late Jas. N. Merriman, Esq., 
M.D.), mar. 1857 Sir John Croker Barrow, 3rd 
Bt. (d. 1900). Res., Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BARROW, Knight. Maj.-Gen. Sir Edmund 
George Barrow, K.C.B. (Mil. igoi),I.A., Hon. 
Col. 7th Rajputs aud comdg. Punjab Frontier 
Force, served in Afghanistan 1879, Egypt, Tirah 
1897, and as Ch. Staff Offr. in China, now Mil. Sec. 
to Govt, of India : b. 1852, mar. 1882 Marion 
Letitia, dau. of the late Rev. W. Story. Club, 
Jun. U. Serv. 
BARROW-JN-FURNESS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
I Henry Ware, D.D., Bp. Sulf. in Carlisle Dioc. 
and Canon of Carlisle, formerly Vic. and Rur. 
I Dean of Kirkby Lonsdale : b. 1830, cons. 1889, 
mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Res., The Abbey, Carlisle ; 
How Foot, Grasmere. 

BARRY, Baronet. Sir Francis Tress Barry, 
istBt. {U.Jv. 1899), M.P. for Windsor (C), aD.L. 
for Caithness and a Co. Aid. for Berks., is Baron 
de Bany in Portugal, formerly Vice-Cons, for 
Prov. of Biscay and Cons. -Gen. in Gt. Brit, for 
Ecuador: son of- the late Chas. Barry, Esq., of 
Orpington ; b. 1825, mar. 1851 Sarah Douglas, dau. 
of the late Arthur Hen'on, Esq. Heir, his eon 
Edward Arthur (b. 1858; 2nd heir, latter's son 
Claude Francis, b. 1883) . Seats, St. Leonard's Hill, 
Windsor; Keiss Castle, Wick, Caithness; town 
res., 1 Sth. Audley St., W. 

BARRY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Alfred Barry, 
D.D., D.C.L., late 3rd Bp. of Sydney (1884-9), 
being also Metropol. of N.S. Wales and Primate 
of Australia &:c. (then styled "Most Rev."), prev. 

130 BAB 

Princ. of King-'s Coll. London and Canon of West- 
j min ster, now Canon of Windsor and Bp. Assist. 
[ to Bp. of London: b. 1826, mar. 1851. Ees., 
I The Cloisters, Windsor Castle ; Queen Anne's 
\ Mansns., St. James's Pk., S. W. 
1 BARRY, Knight (1). Sir Jacob Dirk ^a/vy, 
; Kt. Bach. (iS'/B), B.A., late memb. of Ct. of Appeal 
at Cape Town, formerly Judge of Supr. Ct., also 
an M.L.A. and senior M.E.C., has twice been Ad- 
ministrator of Griqualand : b. 1832, widower. 
Res., The Hawthorns, Grahamstown, Cape Col. 
BARRY, Knight (2). Sir John Edjiond Barrn, 
\ Kt. Bach. (1899), formerly a merchant in Dublin 
i and Wexford and Pres. of Dublin Chamb. of 
; Commerce, is a memb. of Bd. of Superintendence 
i Dublin Hosps. : b. 1828, mar. 1849 Teresa, dau. 
; of the late Jno. Keefe, Esq. Res., 12 Mount joy 
I So., Dublin. 

' BARRY, Knight (3)— see "BaiTy, Wolfe-." 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. Charles, sist. of 4th Vise, 
i Southwell. 

i BARRY, Lady Gkage, dau. of 7th E. of 
: Dunmore. 

I BARRY, Hon. Mrs. James David, dau. of 4th 
■ Bn. Clanmorris. 

I BARRY, Maj. Stanley Leonard, D.S.O. 

(igoo-i), loth Hussars, Assist. Mil. Sec. and 
! A.D.C. to Lt.-Gen. Sir J. D. P. French ; S. Africa 
I 1899-1902 : b. 1873 (a son of above Bt.). 
i BARRY, SMITH- , family name of B aerymore 
i Barony, q.v. for Hon. Dorothy, 
i BARRY, SMITH-, Lady Charlotte Jane, 
1 dau. of 3rd E. of Enniskillen. 

BARRY, W^OLEE-, Knight. Sir John Wolfe 
I Wolfe-Barry, K.C.B. (Civ. 1897), LL.D., F.R.S., 
I F.R. Inst., M.I.C.E. (Past Pres.), M.I.M.E., a 
I D.L. for Co. London, Aid. of Westmr., Engr. of 
i the Tower Bridge, Blackfriars Rail. Bridge.^Kew 
I Bridge, the Bany Docks, &c. ; completed the 
I Inner Circle Rail, and built St. Paul's Station ; 
; Consg. Engr. to the N. E., Caledonian, S. E., 
I Metrop., and other Rails., and to Bombay and 
I Durban Port Trusts, Chron. Eastern Teleg. Co. , 
I Brit. Repres. on Suez Canal Commssn., and a 
I memb. of numerous Home Commssns., Lt.-Col. 
I Engr. and Rail. Vol. Staff Corps, a Crown Memb. 
of Senate Lond. Univ. (for four vears from May 
1903) : son of the late Sir Chas. Barry, R.xi., b. 
1836, mar. 1874 Rosalind Grace, dau. of the late 
Rev. E. E. Rowsell; assumed the surname Wolfe 
1898. Res., Balmains, Stanley R.S.O., Perthsh. ; 
21 Delahay St., Westminster, S.W. 

BARRYMORE, Baron. Arthur Hugh 
Smith-Barnj, 1st Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Irel. 1896), 
a D.L. and Co. Aid. for Hunts., was High Sheriff 
of Cheshire 1883 and Cork 1886, is a D.L. for 
latter Co. also, late an M.P., and has been 
Chmn. of Nat. Union of Conserv. Assocs. : son of 
Jas. Hugh Smith-Barry, Esq., and a descendant 
of 4th E. of Barrymore (extinct line) ; b. Jan. 17, 
1843 ; cr. Bn. 1902 ( C.) ; mar., 1st, 1868, the late Lady 
Mary Frances Wyndham-Quin (d. 1884), dau. of 
3rd E. of Dunraven ; 2udly, 1889, Elizabeth, dau. 
of Gen. Jas. Wadsworth, of New York, and widow 
of Arthur Post, Esq. No heir. /S'eai's.Fota Island, 
Q,ueenstown, Co. Cork ; Marbury Hall, North- 
wich, Cheshire; town res., 20 Hill St., Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Barrymore, 1902.— Au Irish 
Earldom of Barrymore existed from i6a8 till 1824 as 
noted under our list of Extinct Peerages. The present 
Baron is descended from the youngest son of the 4th 
Earl, his grandfather having been a natural son of a 
grandson of that Peer. The compound name was 
assumed by royal licence in iSai by the present Baron's 


grandfather for himself, his issue, and brothers and 



The deceased .James Hugh S.-B., b. 1870, d. 1871. 
Hon. Geraldine, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Ovsrend, b. 

1869, mar. 1893 Henry B. Jjetham 0., Esa. Res., 

Tliornfleld, Donnybrook, Dublin. 


Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth S.-B., b. 1894, 

BARTER, Col. Charles St. Legek, C.V.O. 
(1904), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late comdg. 2nd Yorks. 
L. I. ; Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
1901, waslVIil.Sec.toHighCommissr. 1894-5, now 
A.A.G. Thames Dist.: b. 1856. Res., Chatham. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Capt. Hugh John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1809-1901: b. 

BARTLETT, Maj. Edwin, D.S.O. (1902), N.Z. 
Mtd. Riiies ; S. Africa 1900-2. 

BARTLETT, Herbert Folgerstroji, I.S.O. 
(1902), Contr. of Stamps and Registrar of Jt. 
Stk. Comps., late in Inld. Rev. Dept.; b. 1847. ■' 
Res., 22 Cedars Rd., Clapham Common, S.W. 

BARTLETT, ASHMEAD-, Knight's Widoav. I| 
Lady A.-B. (Frances Christina, dau. of Hy. E. j 
Walsh, Esq."), mar. 1874 Sir Ellis Ashmead- 
Bartlett, M.P. (d. 1902). Res., Grange House, 
Eastbourne ; 2 Queen's Gt. Terr., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARTLEY, Knight. Sir George Christopher 
Trout Bartleu, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), M.P. for Nth. 
Islington (6'.), founder of the Nat. Penny Bank 
and author of pamphlets on Thrift, formerly Sci. 
Exam, at S. Kens. : b. 1842, mar. 1864 Mary Char- j 
lotte, dau. of the late Sir Hy. Cola. Res., St. 1 
Margaret's House, 57 Victoria St., S.W. 

BARTON, Knight (1). Sir John George \ 
Barton, Kt. Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1900), M.LC.E., 
Fell. Inst, of Surveyors, Commissr. for Valuation i 
in Ireld. and. Bd. of Trade Arbitrator for Lt. 
Rails, there : b. 1850. Res., Altan Grange, Fox- 
rock, Co. Dublin; Valuation Office, Ely PL, 

BARTON, Priv. CouNC. and Knight (2). Rt. 
Hon. Sir Edjiund Barton, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1901), 
G.C.M.G. (1902) ; M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., late 
Prime Minister of the Australian Federation I 
(lirst to hold the office), now a Judge of the j 
Federal High Ct., was Attorn.-Gen. inN.S. Wales 
1 889 and 1 89 1 -3 and Speaker Leg . Assemb . 1 883-7, 
late K.C. : b. 1849, mar. 1877 Jean Mason, dau. ofc [ 
David Ross, Esq. ^es., Mianetta, Milson's Point, 
Sydnev, N.S.W. 

BARTON, Maj. Charles Gerard, D.S.O, 
(1900-1), Roy. Lane. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
1). i860. Bes., East Leigh, Havant, Hants. 

BARTON, Lieut. Charles Walter, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N'thants. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 

BARTON, Maj .-Gen. Geoffry, C.B. (MH. 
1889), C.M.G. (1900-1), Ashanti 1873-4, S.Africa 
1879, Egypt, &c., has been Assist. Mil. Sec. in 
Cliina, late A.A.G. in N.W. Dist., comd. 6th Brig, 
in Boer War 1899-1902, ret. 1904, is Col. Roy. 
Fus. : b. 1844. Club, U. Serv. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Hugh, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARTON, Col. Maurice Charles, D.S.O. 
(1899), R.E., Afghn. 1878-9, Akha 1883-4, Burma | | 
1885-7, Isazai, Chitral Relief, and N.W. Front. ^ ' 
1897-8 : b. 1852. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Thomas, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

Directory of Peerage, 


Baronetage, Kngihtage, <&c. 

BAT 131 

BARTTELOT, Baronet. Sir Walter Bal- 
four :Sar«e/oi;, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1875), Lieut. Cold- 
stiTQ. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly as 
an A.D.C. : son of 2ndBt., b. 1880. sue. 1900, mar. 
1903 Gladys St. Aubyn, dau. of Wm. C. Angove, 
Esq. Reir, his son (b. 1904; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Nigel Kenneth "Walter, Sub-Lieut. IL.'N., b. 1883). 
Seat, Stopham House, PulboroughR.S.O., Sussex ; 
fQivn Tes., 225 St. James's Ct., Buckingham Gt., 

BARTTELOT, Baronet's Widow (remn-d.). 
Lady B. (Georgiana Mary, dau. of the late Geo. 
Edmd. Balfour, Esq., of Sidmouth), mar., 1st, 
1879, Maj. Sir Walter G. Barttelot, 2nd Bt. (d. on 
service in S. Africa, 1900) ; 2ndly, 1902, Beville 
Molesworth St. Aubyn, Esq.— retaining title by 
right. lies., Toat Farm, Bulborough, Sussex. 

BASHYAM— see " Aiyangar, Sir Bhashyam." 

BASING, Baron. George Limerey Sdater- 
Booth, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.B. (Mil. IQ02), B.A., 
Col. comdg. 1st Drgns,, served in S. Africa 1899- 
1902: son of 1st Bn. ; b. Jan. 1, i85o; sue. 1894 
(C) ; mar. 1889 the late Mary (d. 1904), dau. of 
Jno. Hargreaves, Esq. Seat, Hoddington House, 
Winchfield, Hants, ((ef) ; res., Shorncliffe, Folke- 

Creation. Bu. Basing, U.K. 1887.— The ist Bn. was 30 
years M.P. for Hants., and held several Ministerial 
offices, iiicluding that of Pres. of Loc. &ovt. Board : was 
also F.K.S. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

.Hon. JoH>f LijibueyRobeut S.-B., heir to Barony, 
',„^-^^90- (zndheir, his uncle Hon. Cliarles.) 
Hon. Joan Penelope S.-B., h. 1892. 
Hon. Lydia Joyce 5". -i?., h. 1898. 

Surviving issue of tst Bn. (bros. and sists. of jTres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Charles Lutley S.-B., barrister-at-law, b. 1862, 

mar. 1900, as 2nd husb., Ellen Geraldine, dau. 

of Geo. Jones, Esq., of Mitton Manor, Staffs., and 

widow of W. Tudor Frere, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles 

S.-B.). Res., Basing House, Basingstoke, H.ants. 
Hon. Walter Dashwood S.-B., Maj. K.II.A.jb. 1869. 

Club, Army and Xavy. 
Hon. Theodora Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Remington 

White-Thomson, mar. 1889 Rem. Walter W.-T., 

Esq. Res., Eton Coll., Windsor. 
Hon. Penelope Magdalen, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 

Bovill, mar. 1886 Chas. A. B., Esq. Res., Smeeth 

Paddocks, Ashford, Kent. 
Hon. Lydia Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Frank 

Walkinskaw, mar. 1893 Frank W., Esq. Res., 

Belswood, AVinchfield, Hants. 
■ Hon. Eleanor Birch, now Hon. Mrs. Wilson Fox, 

mar. 1898 Hy. Wilson i?"., Esq. Res.,n Halkhi St., S.W. 
Hon. Amy Cicely, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Marshall, 

mar. 1893 Fras. M., Esq. Res., 2 Chesham PI., S.W. 

BASS, family name of Burton Barony. No 
5sue of the name. (For Hon. Mrs. Hamar J?., 
.owShaio, see " Bagot," 3rd Bn.) 

BASS, Lady (Wilmot Ida) Noeeen, dau. of 
3th E. of Huntingdon. 

BATE, Lt.-Col. Thosias Elwood Lindesay, 
.LB. (1902), I.M.S., msp.-Gen.. of Prisons in 
'unjab, formerly Civ. Surg, at Gujerat : b. 1852. 
'es., Lahore, Punjab. 

BATEMAN, Baron. William Spencer Bafe- 
.an-Hnnhury, 3rd Bn. {U.K.), formerly Capt. 
id Life Gds., served in Egypt 1882: son of 2nd 
n.; b, Sept. 30, i§55; sue. 1901 {Ltdep.); mar. 
)04 Mrs. H. C. Knapp, of U.S.A. Seat, Shob- 
m Gt., ShobdonR.S.O.,Herefordsh. ; town res., 
7 Piccadilly, W. " . 

Ckeation. Bn. Batemau, JJ K. 1837.— An Irish Viscty. ' 
Bateman having become exthict, William Hanbury, 

who succeeded to the est8.,tes aud assumed the additionial 
surname of Bateman, was awarded this U.K. Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bateman- Hanhury.) 
Suroioiug issue of 2nd Bn . (bros. ana sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Maud Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Archibald! 
Parker, b. 1835, mar. 1890 Rev. the Hon. Archib. P. , 
son of 6th E. of Macclesfield, q.v. 
(Present BarOn, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Evelyn Augusta, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Foster, 
b. 1858, mar. 1884 Robt. Jno. F., Esq. Res., Har- 
rowius, Queensbury, Bradford, Y.orks. ; Stockeld 
Pk., Wetherby, same Co. 

Hon. Edward Reginald B.-H., heir pres. to Barony, 
a D.L. for Herefordsh., Maj. 4th Batt. Rilie Biigade. 
retd. : b. 1859. Res., 118 Pall Mall, is.^Y. 

Hon. Gertrude Emilv, now Hon. Mrs. John Wood,, 
b. i860, mar. 1892 Jno. W., Esq. Res., Hengrave 
Hall, Bury St. Edmds. ; Whitfield, Giossop, 

Hon. Agues Rosamond B.-H., b. 1866. 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia i?. -7/., b. 1870. . " ■ 

Hon. Rachel Anne Selina Decima, now Hon. Jlrs. 

Hill Wood, b. 1875, mar. 1899 Saml. Hill W., Esq. 

Ties., Moorfield, Giossop, J.)erby6h. 
Hon. Charles Stanhope Melville B.-II..2iu\ hcir,.a 

D.L. for Norfolk and Norwich, Lieut. Novf. Imper. 

Yeom.: b. 1877. lies., Ereckcls Hall, Attleborough, 


Issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of present) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Whyfe-Melville- 
Duncan, h. 1825, mar. 1890, 2nd husb., Leslie Eraser 
Duncan, Esq., who in 1903 assumed the additl. 
name of her prev. husb. Res., 54 Upper Brook 
St , W. 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1826, d. igor.) 

Hon. Chas. Spencer Bateman-Hanhury-Kincaid-Len- 
nox ("Hon. Spencer Hanbury "), M.A., a D.L. for. 
Co. Hereford, late also Stii'ling, formerly Capt. zhd 
Life Gds., A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ireid. (E. of 
Eglintoii), and an M.P. ; assumed addit. names of 
Kincaid-Lennox 1862 : b. 1837, mar. 1S93, ziid wife, 
Rosa, dau. of Boyd Alex. Cuuinghame, Esq. (Ron. 
Mrs. Spencer iJawbii /•?/). iies., 63 Montagti Sq., W. 

Rev. the Hon. Arthur Allen B.-B., M.A., Preb. of 
Hereford : b. 1820, widower. Res., The Rectory, 
Shobdon R.8.O., Herefs. I 

Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, now Tiie Lady Korthwick 
(q.v.), b. 1832, mar. 1869, 2ud husb., the late 3rd 
and last Bn. Nortiiwick (d .1887). 

Hon. Louisa Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. de Vismes 
Kane, b. 1837, mar. 1502, 2nd husb., \Vm. F. de 
Vismes K., Esq. Res., Drumreaske House, Mona- 

BATEM^yST, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady' B. (Agnes BiuTell, dau. of Gen. Sir Edwd. 
Kerrison, 1st Bt., G.C.H., K.C.B.), mar. 1S54 2iid 
Bn. Bateman (d. 1901). i?es., Oakley Pk,, Suffk., 
ScoleE.S.O. ; Brome Hall, Eye, same Co. 

BATEMAN, Knight. Sir Alfred Edmund 
Bateman, K.C.M.G. (igoo), F.R.S.S. (Pres. 1897), 
barrister-at-law, Chmn. of Bd. of Trade Ad\'i- 
sory Cmttee. on Commerc. Intell., late Comptr,- 
Gen. to that Dept.; has been Sec. or Brit, Deie^. 
to various Conrmssns. &c. : b. 1844, mar. i868 
Edith Ellen, dau. of the late Jas. E. Hobson, Esq. 
-Res. Woodhouse, Wimbledon Pk., S.W.; 7 White- 
hall, Gdns., S.W. 

BATEMAN, Edward Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1898), 
B.A., barrister-at-law, late Assist. -Sec. to Eccle- 
siast. Commissrs. : b. 1834. Res., Eowditch 
Lodge, Derby ; 47 Duke Street, St. James's, S.W. 

BATEMAN, Hon. Mrs. John, aunt of present^ 
E. of Lathom. 

BATE]iL\N-SGOTT, Lady (or Bateman and 
Scott ")— see " Scott, Bts.' Wids." 

BATES, Baronet. Sir Percy Elly Ba^es, 4th 
Bt. {U.K. 1880), son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 
3rd, b. 1879, sue. 1903. Heir pres., hi?, bro. Cecil 
Egbert, Lieut. E.A. (b. 1882 ; sndheir, nest bro., 
Frederic Alan, b. 1884). Seats, Gyrn, Castle, 

L 2 

132 BAT 

Directory of Peerage, 


Mostyn, Flints. ; Beechenhurst, AUerton, Liver- 

BATES, Baronets' Widows, (i) Dowager 
Lady B. (Ellen, dau of the late Thos. Thompson, 
Esq., of Hessle), mar. 1844, as 2nd wife, SirEdwd. 
Bates, 1st Bt., M.P. (d. 1896). Bes., 14 
Cavendish Sq., W.— (2) Lady B. (Constance 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Saml. R. Graves, Esq., 
M.P.), mar. 1876 Sir Edwd. Percy Bates, and Bt. 
(d. 1899). Res., with 3rd Bt. 

BATES. Lt. -Col, Charles Loftus, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. Northiimbd. 
Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1853. 
Res., The Spital, Hexham. N'thumb. 

BATESON, Lt.-Gen. Bichard, C.V.O. (1897), 
Dep. Ranger of Parks, late Equerry and A.D.C. 
to H.R.H. the Duke of Cambridge, formerly 
comd. 1st Life Gds., ret. 1887: b. 1828. Res., 
Ranger's Lodge, Hyde Pk., W. 

BATESON," Hon. Mrs. Samuel (Florinda), 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Castlemaine. 

BATESON, DE- YARBURGH-, family name 
of Deramore Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BATH, Marquess OF. Thomas Henry Thynne, 
5th Marq. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., Lord Lieut, 
of Somersetsh., Hon. Lt.-Col. Wilts. Imper. 
Yeom., late an M.P. (as Vise. Weymouth) : son 
of 4th M. ; b. July 16, 1862 ; sue. 1896 (C.) ; mar. 
1890 Violet Caroline, dau. of Sir Chas. Mordaunt, 
10th Bt. Seat, Longleat, Warminster, Wilts. ; 
town res., 29 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. 1641 ; Vise. 'Weymouth and 
Bn. Thynne, 1682. Gt. Br. : M. of Bath, 1789.— The znd 
Bt., who %vaB several years in Parliament, was created 
Vise. Weymouth ; the 3rd Vise, who had married a 
daughter of the 2nd Duke of Portland, obtauied the 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of -present {^th) M. : 

Lady Alice Kathleen Violet T., b. 1891. 
Lady Emma Marjory T., h. 1893. 
Vise. Weymouth, lieir to Marquessate : John Alex- 
ander T., b. 1895. (znd heir, his uncle Lord Alex- 

Lady Mary Beatrice 7'., b. 1903. 
Surviving issue of \th M. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

(Present Marquess, b. 1862.) 

Lady Alice Emma, now Lady A. Shaw-Stewart, b. 

1864, mar. 1883 Sir Mich. Hugh S.-S., M.P., 8th Bt. 

Res., Carnock, Larbert, Stirlingsh. ; 20 Mansfield 

St., Portland PL, W. 
Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa, now Gtss. of 

Cromer, b. 1865, mar. 1901, as znd wife, ist Earl of 

C, q.v. 

Lady Beatrice T., b. 1867 (twin with dee. bro. Ld. 

Lord Alexander George T., Capt. Wilts. Imper. 

Yeom. and Hon. Lieut, in Army, served in S. 

Africa 1900-2, late L.C.C. : b. 1873. Address, 4 

Plowden Hdgs., Temple, E.G. 
Dau. of^rd M. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1831, d. 1896.) 

Lady Louisa Isabella Harriet, now Lady L. Feildino, 

b. 1834, see "Feilding, Kt.'s Wid." 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Ulrica Frederioa Jane T., nie St. M.aur, dau. of 

12th D. of Somerset, K.G.,b. 1833, mar. 1858 the late 

Rt. Hon. Ld. Henry Frcdk. T. (d. 1904). Res., 

Muntham Ot., AVorthing ; 30 Grosvenor Gdns., S.W. 

BATH, Marquess's Widow. Dowager Mar- 
chioness OF B., nee Hon. Frances Isabella 
Catherine V&sey, dau. of 3rd Vise, de Vesci, b. 
1840, mar. 1861 4th M. of Bath (d. 1896). Res., 15 
Manchester Sq., W. 

BATH AND WELLS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
George Wyndhaji Kcnnion, D.D., 70th Bp., 
York Dice. Insp. of Schools 1871-3, Vic. of All 
Saints, Bradford, 1870-82 and Bp. of Adelaide 
1882-94, has also been Lect. in Pastoral Thebl. and 

Ramsden Preacher at Cambridge : b. 1845, cons. 
1882, transld. 1894, ent. Lords 1899 {Indep.), mar. 
1882. Res., The Palace, Wells, Somerset.— ^ssis<. 
Bishop, see " Stirling." 

BATHURST, family name of Earldom of that 
title, q.v. for "Hons." and Lady Meriel, see also 

BATHURST, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Edward Gamidge, D.D., 2nd Bp., formerly Canon 
of York : b. 1838, cons. 1887, mar. 18—. Res., 
Bishop's Ct., Bathurst, N.S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl. Seymour Henry Bathurst, 
7th Earl {Gt.Br.), C.M.G.(i902), a D.L. and C.C, 
for, Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
4th Batt. Glouc. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900: son of 6th E.; b. July 21, 1864; sue. 1892 
{G.) ; mar. 1893 Hon. Lilias Margaret Frances 
Borthwick, dau. of Bn. Glenesk. Seat, Cirencester 
House, Cirencester; town res., 22 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bathurst, 1712 ; Bn. Apsley, 
1771; Earl Bathurst, 1772.— Allen Bathurst, M.P., son 
of Sir Benj. Bathurst. Ooiferer to Queen Anne, was made 
Bn. and Earl Bathurst, while his znd son. who became 
Lord Chancellor and eventually succeeded his father, 
was on his appointment created Bn. Apsley. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {jfh) E. : 

Lady Meriel Olivia fi.,b. 1894. 
Lord Apsley, heir to Earldom : Allen Algernon B., 
b. 189s. 

Hon. William Ralph Seymour B., znd heir. b. 1903. 

Hon. B. (son), b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bros., sist., and half- 
sist. of present) : 
By 1ST mrrge. 
Lady Georgina Meriel, now Lady Georgina Buchanan, 
b. 1863, mar. 1885 George Wm. B., Esq., C.V.O., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1864.) 

Hon. Lancelot Julian B., b. 1868. Res., 41 Lowndes 
Sq., S.W. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin B., M.P. for Cirencester Div. 
(0.), Capt. and Hon. Maj. in Glouc. Mil., served in 
S. Africa 1900, was Parliam. Priv. Sec. (unpaid) to 
the late Postmr. -Gen.: b. 1872, mar. 1902 Augusta 
Ruby, dau. of Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill, son 
of 6th D. of Marlborough (Hon. Mrs. Benjamin B.). 
Res., 29 Chesham St., S.W. 


Lady Evelyn Selina, iio^? Lady E. Lister, b. 1875, 
mar. 1898 the late Maj. Geo. Coryton L., son of SirT. 
Villiers Lister, K.C.M.G. (d. 1903). Res., soWarwick 
Sq., S.AV. 

BATHURST, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess B. (Evelyn Elizabeth dau. of Geo. J. B. 
Hankev. Esq.), mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl 
Bathurst (d. 1892). Res., St. Hilda, Sea View, 
Ryde, I.W. ; 41 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Hon. Mrs, Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ludlow. 

BATHURST, HERVEY-, Baronet. Sir 
Frederick Edward William Hervey-Bathurst, 
5th Bt. (J/.A'. 1818), Capt. Gren. Gds., served in 
Nile Expedn. 1898 and in S. Africa 1900 : son of 
4th Bt., b. 1870, sue. 1900, mar. 1901 the under- | 
mentioned Hon. Lady Hervey-Bathurst. Heir, 
his son Frederick Peter Methuen (b. 1903 ; 2nd ; 
heir, Bt's bro. Felton Rainald George, b. 1871). , 
Seat, SombornePk., Stockbridge R.S.O., Hants.; 1 
town res., 10 Victoria Rd., Kens., W. I 

BATHURST, HERVEY-, Baronet's Widow, i 
Dowager Lady H.-B. (Ada, dau. of Sir Jno. S. 
Ribton. 3rd Bt.), mar. 1869 Sir Fredk. Thos. A. 
Hervey-Bathurst, 4th Bt., an M.P. i85i-5 (d. 
1900). Res., 69 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BATHURST, HERVEY-, Hon. Lady, wife of 
above Bt. and dau. of 14th Bn. Inchiquin, q.v. 

BATSdN, Col. Herbert, O.B. (Mil. igioo-i), 
Devon Re^t. ; S. Africa igpp-l : b. 1853. 

BATTEN, Col. John MoV.^r, C.B. (Civ. 1903). 


Baronetage J Knightage, <&;c. 



Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Eegt. (Mil.) retd., 
a Co. Aid. for Dorset (High Sheriff 1903) ; S. Africa 
1902: b. 1843. i2es., TJpcerne, Dorchester ; Mom- 
ington Lodge, W. Kens., "W. 

BATTEN, CHISHOLM-, Capt. Alexander 
William, M.V.O. (4th Class), R.N., A.D.C. to 
H. M. : b. 1851. 

BATTENBERG— see Roy. Fam. and its Index. 

BATTERSEA, Bakon. Cyril Flower, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Lieut, for 
City of London and late Lieut. Bucks. Imper. 
Yeom. ; an M.P. 1880-92, and has been Junior 
Lord of the Treasury : son of Philip W. Flower, 
Esq.,of Streatham; b. Aug. 30, 1843; cr. Bn. 1892 
(L.) ; mar. 1877 Constance, a memb. of League of 
Mercy, dau. of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, istBt., 
Heir, none. Seats, Aston Clinton, Bucks., nr. 
Tiing; The Pleasaunce, Overstrand, Cromer; 
town res., Surrey House, 7 Marble Arch, "W. 

Creatiox. Bn. Battersea, U. K. 1892.— No titled relatives. 

BATTYE, Maj.-Gen. Arthur, C.B. (Mil. 

1881) , LA. Supemum. List; Oudh 1858, N. W. 
Frontier 1864, Hazara 1868, Lushai 1871-2, and 
Afghn. 1878-80 : b. 1839. 

BATTYE, Capt. Clinton Wi'NYARD, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L. I. ; Boer War 1899-1900: 
b. 1874. 

BAUCHOP, Lt.-Col. Arthur, C.M.G. (1902), 
7th New Zeald. Contingt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1871. 

BAUGHAN, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 

1882) , Assist. Dir. of Transjwrts at Admiralty : b, 
1834. iZfis., 1 Acacia Gdns., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

BAVARIA, H.R.H. the Regent op (Prince 
Luitpold Carl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig), G.C.B. 
(Hon. Mil. 1901), b. 1821, widower (mar. 1844 
H.I.H. Archdss. Augustin of Austria, d. 1864).— 
For other names see Royal Family. 

BAXTER, Knight. Sir George W. Baxter, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), a leading citizen of Dundee. 

BAYARD, Maj. Reginald, D.S.O. (1902), 
E. Kent Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BAYFORD, Lieut. Edmund Heseltine, D.S.O. 
(Mil. 1902), 18th Hussars; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay : b. 1873. 

BAYHAM, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1786) — see 
, " Camden, Marq." 

i BAYLEY, Knight (1). Sir Lyttelton Hol y- 
I oake Bayley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Puisne Judge 
1 of the High Ct. of Bombay and an M.L.C., also 
I Lt.-Col. Bomb. Rifle Vols, and Hon. A.D.C. to 
; Viceroy, prev. Attorn. -Gen., M.L.C., andM.L.A. 
I of N.S. Wales : b. 1827, widower ; is bro. of Rev. 
1 Sir J. Emilius Laurie, Bt., q.v. for altered name, 
i Gluh, Oriental. 

i BAYLEY, Knight (2). Sir Steuabt Colvin 
I Bayley, K.C.8.I. (1878), CLE. (1882), late Lt.- 
\ Gov. of Bengal and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, 
i now of that of Sec. for India : b. 1836, mar. i860 
[ Anna, dau. of R. N. Farquharson, Esq. Bes., 
I 2 Barkston Gdns., Earl's Ct., S.W. 
; BAYLEY, Knight' 8 Widow. Lady 5. (Emily 
1 Anne Theophila, dau. of Sir Thos. T. Metcalfe, 

4th Bt.), mar. 1850 Sir Edwd. C. Bayley, K.C.S.L 
, (d. 1884). Bes., The Wilderness, Ascot, Berks, 
i BAYLEY, Charles Stuart, C.S.I. (1903), 
! barrister-at-law, has been an Under Sec. to Ind. 

Govt., now Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Central India : 
\ b. 1854. Bes., The Residency, Indore. 

BAYLISS, Knight. Sir Wyko Bayliss, Kt. 
1 Bach. (1897), F.S.A., an author on Art and a 

painter of cathedral interiors. Pres. Roy. Soc. 

Brit. Artists: b. 1835, mar. 1858 Elise, dau. of 

Rev. Isaac Broade. Bes., 7 North Rd., Clapham 
Pk., S.W. 

BAYLY, Col. Alfred William Lambart, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1887); LA., A.D.C. to 
H.M. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Soudan, and Burma 1886-7, 
S. Africa 1899-1900, now D.A.G. of a Comd. in 
India : b. 1856. 

BAYLY, Francis Albert, LS.O. (1902), Sec. 
and Reg. of Dist. Serv. Order, late a Princ. Clk. 
War Office : b. 1842. 

BAYLY, Gen. John, C.B. (Civ. 1875), F.S.A., 
R.E. retd. (1882), now Col. Comdt., formerly on 
Ordn. Surv. and Scot. Boundary Commssn. ; is a 
D.L. for Dumbartonsh. : b. 1821. Bes., 13 Royal 
Cresc, Bath. 

BAYLY, Hon. Mrs. Paget, dau. of 13th Bn. 

BAYLY, Col. Zachary Stanley, C.M.G. 
(1880), late Comdt.-Gen. Cape Colon. Forces. 
Bes., Butterworth, Transkei, Cape. 

BAYNE, Charles Gerwien, C.S.I. (1901), 
Chief Sec. in Brit. Burma, in I.C.S. from 1880 : 
b. i860. Bes., Rangoon and Maymyo. 

BAYNES, Baronet. Sir Christopher Wil- 
liam Baynes, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1801), Agent to 
Bk. of Engld. at Law Cts. Branch: son of 3rd 
Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1897, mar. 1872 Amy Ruperta, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Colston, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Edward Colston (b. 1876; 2nd 
heir, next son, Ronald Christopher, b. 1878). 
Address, Bank of England Branch Temple 
Bar, W.C. 

BAYNES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Margaret, dau. of Danl. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1845 Sir Wm. J. W. Baynes, 3rd Bt. (d. 1897) . 

BAYNES, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Arthur Hamilton 
7?a2/nes,D.D.,late 2nd Bp. of Natal (1893-1900), was 
Domest. Chapl. to Abp, Benson and has been Six 
Preacher at Canterbury, now Vic. of St. Mary's, 
Nottingham and Bp. Assist, to Bp. of Southwell : 
b. 1854, mar. 1894. [Distinct from Bp. Baines.] 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), late Sen. 
M.L.A. of Natal, now Min. of Lands and Works : 
b. 1842. Bes., Nel's Rust, Natal. 

BAZLEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Sebastian 
Bazley, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1869), M.A., a D.L. for 
Glouc. (High Sheriff 1874) : son of istBt., b. 1829, 
sue. 1883, widower. Heir, his son Gardner 
Sebastian (b. 1863 ; no 2nd heir). Bes., Winter- 
dyne, Bournemouth West. 

BEACH, HICKS-, Priv. Counc. and Baronet. 
Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach, P.O. 
{Q.B. & I. 1874), 9th Bt. {Eng. 1619), M.A., 
D.C.L.,M.P. for W. Bristol {C), a D.L. for 
Gloucestersh. and Lord High Steward of Glou- 
cester, has been Chanc. of Exchequer and Sec. for 
Ireld. (both twice). Sec. for Colonies, Pres. of Bd. 
of Trade, and a Church Estates Commissr. : son of 
8th Bt., b. Oct. 23, 1837, sue. 1854, mar. 1874, 
2nd wife, the under-mentioned Lady Lucy Hicks- 
Beach. Heir, his son Michael Hugh (d. 1877; 
2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. William Frederick, b. 1841). 
Seat, The Manor House, Coin St. Aldwyns, 
Fau-ford, Glouc. 

BEACH, HICKS-. Lady Lucy Catherine, 
dau. of 3rd Earl Fortescue (q.v.) and wife of the 
above Rt. Hon. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach. 

BEACHCROFT, Knight. Sir Richard M. 
Beachcroft, Kt. Bach. (1904), of a firm of solicitors, 
formerly Vice-Chmn. L.C.C. 

BEADON, Knight's Widow. Lady 5. (Agnes, 
dau. of W. H. Sterndale, Esq.), mar. i860, as 
2nd wife, Sir Cecil Beadon, K.C.S.L. Lt.-Gov. 
of Bengal (d. 1880). Bes., The Grove, Fleet, 
Winchfield, Hants. 



Directory of Peerage, 


BEAL, Col. Hexry, C.B. (Mil. 1885), Egypt, 
Soudan, and Nile Expedns., ret. 1888: b. 1842. 
Vlvh, U. Sen^ 
BEAL, Lt.-Col. Robert, C.M.G. (1897), United 
iGwelo Field Force; Matabeleld. 1896. Res,, 
!' Givelo, Rhodesia. 

■ BEALE, Maj. Henry Yelverton, D.S.O. 
\ (1902), late Norf. Regt. ; Burma 1832-3, S. Africa 
; 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BEALL, Capt. George, I.S.O. (1903), F.RIG.S., 

formerly in mex-chant service, late Piinc. Examiner 

of Masters end Mates, Bd. of Trade: b. 1840, 

Res., Eyot Mead, Mayfield, Sussex. 
■f BEARCROFT, Col. ED^rARD Hugh, C.B. (Civ. 
' 1903), Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Batt. 
: Wore. Regt. (Mil.) : b. 1852. Res., Mere Hall, 


\ BEARCROFT, Capt. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 

1900-1), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), R.N., comd. 
' Roy. jSTav. Brigade in S. Africa 1899-1900, on 

E. Coast 1871-80: b. 1851. Chih, U. Serv. 
' BEARD, CiTAELEfs Thojias, I.S.O. (1903), B.A., 
; 1st class clerk in Irish Secretaiy's Office : b. 1S58. 

-fff.?., Avonbeg, Terenure. Dublin. 
BEARD, Bupt. Frederick, M.V.O. (5th Class, 

1902), Chief Offer. "A" Divn., Metrop. Police. 
BEATSON, Lt.-Col. FiNLAY Cochrane, C.B. 

(Mil. 1902), Wilts. Regt. ; South Africa 1899-1902, 
I was Prof, at Staff Coll. 1892-8 : b. 1855. 
I BEATSON, Lt.-Col. George Thovias, C.B. 
i (Civ. 1902), V.D., M.D., R.A.M.C. Vols., Glasgow 
i Company ; Sen. Surgeon to Glasgow Cancer Hos- 
I pital : b. 1848. Res., 7 Woodside Cresc, Glasgow. 
I BEATSON, Col. Stuart Brownxow, C.B. 
i (Mil. 1898), I.A., Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 1878-80, 
; Egypt, Bunna 1886-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8, comd. 
: a Mobile Col. in S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 1854. Chih, 


i BEATTY, Maj. Charles Harold Longfield, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., late Capt., 6th Batt. 
Roy. "Warwicks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1: 
b. 1870. Res., Bedford Cottage. Newmarket. 

BEATTY, Capt. David, D.S.O. (1896), R.N., 
Dongola, Nile 1897-8, China 1901 : b. 1871. 

BEATTY, Haslitt Michael, C.M.G. (1902), 
Chief Locomotive Supt. Govt. Rails., Cape of 
Good Hope. Res., Cape Town. 

BEAUCHAMP {pron. Beechain), Earl. Wil- 
liam Lyrjon (pron. Li g gov), 7th Earl {U.K.). 
K.C.M.G. (1899), LL.D.. a D.L. for Wore, Hon. 
Col. ist Wore. Vol. Artill. , Mayor of the city 1895, 
was Gov. of N. S. Wales 1899-1901 : son of 6th E. ; 
b. Feb. 20, 1872 ; sue. 1891 {L.) ; mav. 1902 Lady 
Lettiee Mary Elizabeth Gro&venov, grand-dau. of 
1st D. of Westminster and sist. of present Duke. 
Seat, Madresfield Ct., Malvern Link. ! 

Creations. U.K.: Dn. Beaucharap, iSo6 ; Earl Beau- j 
champ and Vise. Ehnlej', 1815.— V/m. Lygon, for 30 years 
M.r. for Worcestershire, was the recipient of these 
three titles. That of Bn. Beaucliamp had been granted 
to this line by King Henry VI., lasting 1447-9.6, and no I 
less than nine titles so styled are enumerated in I 
'Nicolas.' I 
Titled Relatives. 

(Lygon.) ! 

Issue of present {jth) E. 

Vise. Elmley, heir to Earldoin : William L., b. 1903. 
Hon. L., 2nd heir, b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6f7i E. (sists., half-bros., &c., of 
present) : 


Lady Mary L., a Woman of the Bedchamber to 
H.R,H. the rrincess of Wales : b. 1869. 

Lady .Susan, now Lady S. Gordon-GilrrMiir, b. 1870, 
mar. 1889 Lt.-Ool. Kobt. Gordon G.-Q., C.B., q.v. 

; (PiiESENT Earl, b. 1872. > . ' . 

j Lady Margaret, now The Tyjidtj Ampthill, b. 1874, 

: max. iS94 2ud Bn. A., q.v. 

! By 2ND HRRGE. 

I Hon. Robert L., Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1870, mar. 1903 Cecil Albinia, 
dau. of Sir Geo. G. Arbuthnot (Hon. Mrs. Robert 
L.). Club, Guards'. 

Lady Agnes L., b. 1880. 

Lady Maud i., b. 1882. 

Hon. Henry I,., b. 1884. 

BEAUCHAMP, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess B., n^e Lady Emily Annora Charlotte 
Pierrepont, dau. of 3rd Earl Manvers, b. 1853, 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl Beauchamp (d. 
1891). i?es., 13 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

BEAUCHAMP, Viscount {at. Br. 1750)— see 
"Hertford. M. of." 

BEAUCHAMP, Henry Kino, CLE. (1903), 
F. R. Hist. S., M. R. A. S., twice Sheriff of Madras, 
is Editor of the Madras Ifail b. 1866^ Res.,\ 
Giaem's Gdns., Cathedral, Madras. j 

BEAUCHAMP, PROCTOR-, Baronet. Sir j 
Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 5th Bt, I 
{ Gt. Br. 1745), a D.L. for Norfolk, late Capt. and , 
Hon. Maj. Pr. of Wales's Own Norf. Artill. 
(Mil.) : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1874, mar. ! 
1880 Lady Violet Jocelyn, whom he divorced 1901. ' 
Heir pres., his bro. Col. Horace George P.-B., 
C.B., q.v. (and heir, next bro., Montagu Harry, 
b. i860). Seat, Langley Pk., Norwich; tovm 
res., 27 Hill St., Berkelev Sq., W. 1 

George, C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg.2oth Hussars; i 
Soudan 1885 and 1888, S. Africa 1902, was with ' 
Egyptn. Ai-my 1887-91, ret. 1904: b. 1856, is heir 
to aboA'e Baronetcy. 

BEAUCLERK, family name of St. Albans 
Dukedom, q.v. for " Lords " and " Ladies." 

BEAUFORT, Duke of. Heney Adelbert 
Wellington FitzRoy Somerset, 9th Duke {Erig.), 
a D.L. for Brecon, Glouc, and Monm., High 
Steward of Bristol, Hered. Keeper of Ragland 
Castle, Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., Glouc. 
Lmper. Yeom. an A.D.C. to H.M. formerly Capt. 
Roy. Hor.^e Gds. : son of 8th D. ; b. May 19, 
1847; sue. 1899 (C.) ; mar. 1895 Louise Enfily, 
dau. of Wm. H. Harford, 'Esq., and widow of 
Bn. Carlo de Tuyll. Seats, Badminton House, 
Chippenham, Wilts. ; Llangattock Pk., Criek- 
howell, Bi'econs. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Botetourt, 1305 by writ, con firmed 
by patent 1803; Bn. Herbert of Herbert, 1461 by writ, 
and Bn. Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow, and Gower, 1506 | 
by patent ; E. of Worcester, 1514 : M. of Worcester, 1642 ; ; 
E. of Glamorgan, Vise. Grosmont, and Bn. Be;iufort, i 
1644 ; D. of Beaufort, 1682.— The Botetourt Bny. was 
first granted to Jno. de Botetourt, but fell into abeyance I 
on the death of his son in 1406, so continuing till 1764, 
and again from 1776 to 1803, when it was revived to the 
Sth Duke. The Herbert of Herbert Bny. was conferred 
upon Wm. Herbert, afterwards Earl of I'embroke, I 
beheaded 1469. His son succeeded him, and had his j 
Earldom exchanged for that of Huntingdon. Sir Chas. , 
Somerset, K.G. and Kt. Banneret, a natural son of 1 
Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, was ci-eated Bn. I 
Herbert of Ragland &c., but, having married the j 
heiress of the preceding, he was summoned to Parliament 
as Bn. Herbert of Herbert, thus uniting the two 1 
Baronies, though they retain their distinction as one by I 
.writ and the other by patent, and are subject to the 
possibility of becoming sepai-ated, as shown in the 
statement of heirdom below. Sir Charles M-as after- 
wards created Earl of AVoi'cester. The sth Earl was 
raised to the Marquessate, the 2nd Marq. before succes- 
sion had the title Earl of Glamorgan conferred on I 
him, and the 3rd was created Duke of Be.aufort. The i 
Grosmont Viscty. may originally have been " Grismond," I 
as Sir H. Nicolas argues, mentioning, however, a 
Grosmont in Normandy which may have produced the 


Baronetage, Knightage, (&c. 



.altered -form. Afc all events the ruins of Grostncmfc 
Ciif-tle still exist in the late grounds of the I>uke in 

Titled Relatives. 
; ,.r . . . ' . , {Somerset.) 
Issue of prese.nt-{Qtli) D.: 

Lady Blanche Linnie ^^.j b. 1897. 
Lady Diana Maud Nina S., b. 1898. 
Marquess of Woucesteh, heir to Dukedom and all 
titles: Henry Hugh Arthur FitzRoy S., b. 1900. 
{2nd heir to Dukedom and other titles by patent, 
his uncle Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard; to 
Barony of Herbert of Herb., the above two 
daughters. ) 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1847.) 

Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard Charles S. , b. 1849— 

see " Somerset, I'riv. Counc." 
Lord Henry Arthur George 8., formerly Maj. Roy. 

Horse Gds. (served in Egyptian and Nile Expedns.) 

and Extra Equerry to H.M. when Prince of Wales : 

-b. 1851. 

— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Henry (Richard) S., wife of Rt. Hon. Lord 
Henry Richard. 

Lady Edward <S. (Fanny Julia, dau. of Sir Alex. B. C. 
Dixie, loth Bt.), mar., ist, 1880, the late Lord 
Hy. Edward Brudenell S. (h. 1853, d. 1897) ; zndly, 
1898, J. Gratwicke Blagrave, Esq.— retaining title 
bj' courtesy. 

Issue of qth D. (aurxts of present) : 
(The late 8th Duke, b. 1824, d. 1899.) 
Lady Oeraldine Harriet Anne V.A., Lady in 

"Waiting to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Cambridge : 

b. 1832. Res., 8 Upper Brook St., W. 
Lady Katherine Emily Mary, now The Lachj Onna- 

thwaite, b. 1834, mar. 1858 2nd Bn. O., q.v. 
Lady Edith Frances VVilUelmine, now Dow. Ctss. of 

Londeaboroiigh (q.v.), b. 1838, mar. 1863, wid. 1900. 

Date, of 6th D. (gt. aunt of present) : 

Lady Marv Octavia, now Lady M. Farquhar (q.v., 
Bt.'s Wid.), b. 1814, mar. 1S37 the late Sir Walter 
Rockclift" i**. (d. 1900). 

BEAUFORT, Duke's Widow. Dowager 
Duchess of B., nee Lady Georgiana (Charlotte 
Curzon, dau. of 1st Earl Howe, &.C.H. : b. 1825. 
mar. 1845 8th D. of Beaufort (d. 1899). Bes., 
Stoke Pk., Stapleton," Bristol. 

BEAUMONT, Baroness. Mona Josephine 
Te:>ipe.'?t Stapleton, Bns;?. 11th in line {Eng.) : 
dau. of lotb Bn. ; b. Aug. 1, 1894: sue. (after an 
abeyance of nine months) 1898. Seat, Carlton 
Towers, Carlton R.S.O., Yorks. 

Creation. Bn. Beaumont, ?2ng. 1309 by writ.— The 
1st Bn., Henry rie Beaumont, had for one of his 
ancestors John de Brienne, King of Jerusalem ; he was 
also a relative and companion-in-arms of Edward I. in 
his Scottish wars. On the death of the 7th Bn. in 1507 
the Peerage fell into abeyance, and so continued until 


(Present Baroness, b. 1894.1 

Hon. Ivy Mary atapleion, heiress pres. to Barony, 
b. (posthumous) 1895. (No 2nd heir.) 

; BEAUMONT, Barons' Widows. (1) The 
j Dowager Lady B., nee Hon. Isabella Anne Browtie, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Kilmaine, b. abt. 1824, mar. 1844 
8th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1854). — (2) Violet, Lady B., 
f dau.of Fredk. W. Isaacson, Esq., M.P., mar. 18S8 
t gth Bn. Beaumont (d. 1892). Ites., 49 Eaton PL, 
\ H.W.— (3) Ethel, Lady B. (Ethel Mary, dau. of Sir 
[ Chas. H. Tempest, 1st and only Bt. of Heaton), 
! mar. 1893 10th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1895). lies., 
. with her dau. the Baroness. 

, BEAUMONT, Baronet. Sir George Howeand 
i William Beaumont, lothBt. {Eng. 1661), formerly 
[ Capt. R.A. : sou of gth Bt., b. 1851, sue. 1882, 
I mar. 1880 Lillie Ellen, dau.of Maj.-Gen. Geo. A. 

Cras!ter. Heir, his son George Arthur Hamilton 
(b. 1881 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Frederick Louis 
Maureward, b. 1862). Bes., Cole Orton Hall, 
Ashby-de - la-Zouch . 

BEAUMONT Knight. Yice-Adm. Sir Lewis 
Anthony Beaumont, K.CB. (Mil. 1904), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), F.R.G.S., late Com.-in-Ch. on Austral. 
Station, prev. Pacific, was Dii-. of Nav. Intell. at 
Admiralty and a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 
served in Arctic, Expedn. 1875-6 : b. 1847, mar. 
1889 Mary Eleanor dau. of Chas. C. Perkins, Esq., 
of Boston, U.S. Bes., 3 Sioane Gdns., Chelsea, 

BEAUMONT, Ladies— see Baroness, Barons* 
Widows, and under Baronet and Knight. 

BEAUMONT, Lady Alexandrina ("Aline") 
Louisa Maud, dau. of 5th M. of Londonderry. 

BEAVER, Lieut, Henry Allen, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1903), R.N. retd., of H.M's yacht. 

BEBERRUA, Count of. Antonio Caruana- 
G'a^/o, 3rd Ct. {Malta 1783), M.D., Vice-Pres. of 
Cmttee. of Privileges and a memb. of Cmttee. of 
Assembly of Maltese Nobility : nephew of and 
Ct., b. 1839, sue. 1891, mar. 1867 Alncenza, dau. 
of Ct. Ferdinando F. i>Ioni' Alto. Heir, his son 
Alfred, Contino of Beherrun (b. 186S ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Rev. Robert, dr' Contl C.-G.. b. 1871). 
Bes., 59 Strada Levante, Valetta ; 3 Stmda 
Reale, Casal Attard, Malta. 

BECHER, WIJIXON-, Baronet. Sir John 
Wrixon-Becher, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), M.A., 
a D.L. for Co. Cork (HighSheriif 1867) : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1828, f^uc. 1893, mar. 
1857 tlic under-mentioned Lady Emily AVrixon- 
Becher. Ifei?-, his son Eustace William Wind- 
ham (b. 1859; and heir, next son, Edgar, 
b. 1862). Seats, Ballygiblin (Mallow), and Creagh 
(Skibbereen), both Co. Cork. 

BECHER, YfRIXON-, Baronet's Widow {re- 
mrrd.). Florence, Lady W.-B. (Florence Eliza- 
beth Hannah, dau. of tlie late Fredk. J. Walker, 
Esq.) mar., 1st, 1878, Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 
and Bt. (d. 1893) ; andly, 1894, Arthur D. H. H. 
Reynell-Pack,Esq.,but retains her title by right. 
Bes., Netherton, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BECHER, WRIXON-, Lady Emily Katherine, 
dau. of and E. of Listowel (q.v.), and wife of Sir 
Jno. Wrixon-Becher, Bt. 

BECK, Col. Charles Harrop, C.B. (Mil. 
190D-1). Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col., 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa igoo-a : b. iS6i. Bes., 
Upton Priory, Macclesiield ; Frongoch, Llan- 
lugan, Berriew R.S.O,, Montgom. 

BECK, FrANK Reginald, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1901), Agent to H.M. at Sandringhain : b. 1861. 

BECKETT, family name of Geimthorpk 
Barony. No titled relative of the name. 

BECKETT, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), Egjrpt and Soudan; late an A.A.G. in 
Natal (1899-1900), and A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs., 
now Ch. Staff. Otfr. in Malta : b. 1849. Club, U. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Gervase, dau. of late 
Vise. Helmsley, and granddau. of E. of Fever- 
sham, q.v. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton, dau. of 1st 
and last Bn. Lyndhurst. 

BECKETT, Col. Stephen, C.B. (Mil. 1885), 
Mutiny, Frontier 1863-4, Afghn. 1879, Suakin 
1885 ; ret. 1889: b. 1840. 7?es., 10 Freeland Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BECKWITH, Lady Muriel Beatrice, dau. of 
7th D. of Richmond. 

BECTIVE, Earl of {by courtesy— iitla, Irel. 
1766), elder son and heir of Marq. of Headfort, 

BEDDAED, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, dau. of Bn. 

! BEDFORD, Duke of. Herbrand Arthur 
I Russell, nth Duke [Eng.), K.G. (1902), F.S.A., 
i P.Z.S., Lord Lieut, of Middx., Chmn. Beds. C.C. 
and a D.L., Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd 
j Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.), Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. 
1 Batt. Beds. Regt. and of 19th Middx. Rifle Vols., 
a lieut. in Reserve of Officers, formerly Lieut. 
Gren. Gds., served in Egypt 1882 and was 
A.D.C. to Gov.-Gen. of India, el. 1st Mayor of 
i Holborn 1900 (res. after 6 mos.) : son of gth D. and 
bro. of 10th ; b. Feb. 19, 1858 ; sue. 1893 {L.U.) ; 
mar. 1888 Mary Dii Caiirroy, a Lady of Grace 
St. John Jerus., dau. of Ven. Arehdn. Tribe. 
Seats, Wobum Abbey, Beds. ; Oakley House, 
Bedford; Endsleigh, Tavistock, Devon; Meikleour 
House, Perth {leased from Marq. of Lansdowne) ; 
town res., 15 Belgrave 8q., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Unssell of Cheneys, 1539 ; E. of 
i Bedford, 1550; Bn. Russell of Thomhaugh, 1603; I), of 
j Bedford and M. of Tavistock, 1694; Bn. llowland, 1695.— 
; An Earldom of Bedford and two Dukedoms had existed 
j between 1150 and 1495, but had all become extinct : the 
I earliest to hold the Dukedom was a brother of King 
I Henry V., who became Regent of England and Constable 
i of Prance during the next King's minority. The above 
Bny. and Earldom were conferred upon John Russell, a 
i gentleman residing on the Dorsetshire coast, whose 
cousin Sir Thos. Trenchard had hospitably entertained 
the Archduke Philip of Austria, who, in a voyage from 
Flanders to Spain, had been driven into Weymouth by 
a violent hurricane. Sir Thomas acquainted the Court 
with the presence of the illustrious visitor, but deputed 
the actual attendance upon him to Mr. Russell, who 
was in consequence introduced (with the Archduke) to 
Henry VII., by whom he was taken into favour, which 
continued under his three successors to the throne. 
The sth Earl obtained the Dukedom and Marquessate, 
the 2nd Duke before succession being given the Howland 
Barony, that of Thornhaugh having been awarded to 
the 4th son of the 2nd Earl, whose own son succeeded as 
4th Earl. William Lord Russell (courtesy-title ; he was 
''Hon. Wm. Russell" until the death of his elder 
brother), the distinguished statesman who was beheaded 
in 1683 on a charge of high treason, was 2nd son of the 
Earl who became ist Duke. 

Titled Rel.vtives. 


Sole issue of present {l\th) D.: 

Marq. of Tavistock, heir to Dukedom : Hastings 
William Sackville R., b. 1888. (2nd heir, his ist 
cous. once rem., Harold John Hastings ft., son of 
9th Duke's bro. Lord Arthur, b. 1868.) 

Surviving issue of gth D. (sists. of present) : 
(The late loth Dure, b. 1852, d. 1893, childless.) 
Lady Ela Monica Sackville R., b. 1854. Res., 51 

Pi-ince's Gt., S.W. 
Lady Ermyntrude Sackville, now Lady Erm. Malet, 

b. 1856, mar. 1885 Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Baldwin M., 

Bt., G.C.B., q.v. 
(Present Dure, b. 1858.) 

Sist.-in-law of gth D. (aunt of present; husb. 
granted mnk of Duke's son) : 
(The late 9th Duke, b. 1819, d. 1891.) 
Lady Arthur R. (Laura, dau. of Vicomt« de Pey- 
rormet), mar. 1865 the late Lord Arthur John 
Fxiward R. (d. 1892). Ttes^The Ridgeway, Shere, 
Guildford ; 2 Audley Sq., W. 
(The late ist Bn. Ampthill, b. 1829, d. 1884.) 

Issue of Sth D. (gt. uncle and aunt of present) : 
(The late 7th Duke, b. 1788, d. 1861. Sole issue : 
The late 8th Duke, b. 1809, d. unmrrd. 1872.) 
(The late ist Earl Russell, b. 1792, d. 1878.) 
Lady Louisa Jane, now Dow. Dchss. of Abercom, 
V. A., q.v., b. 1812, mar. 1832 ist Duke of A. (d. 1885). 
Lord Alexander George R., K.C.B., b. 1821— see 
"Russell, Kt. (i)." 

BEDFORD, Duke's Widow. Adeline, Duchess 
OF B., nie Lady Adeline Marie Somers- Cocks, dau. 
of 3rd Earl Somers, b. 1852, mar. 1876 10th D. of 

Bedford (d. 1893). Ees., Chenies. Rickmansworth 
R.S.O., Herts. ; 26BrutonSt., W. 

BEDFORD, Knight. Adm. Sir Frederick 
George Denham Bedford, G.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; 
K.C.B., 1894), appd. 1903 Gov. of "Western 
Australia ; served in Russian War and in opera- 
tions on the Nile and the Gambia ; late Com.-in- 
Ch. on N. Amer. Station, was 2nd Nav. Lord of 
the Admiralty 1895-9, prev. on the Cape and W. 
Coast, a Nav, A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 1888-91 , 
ret. 1903: b. 1838, mar. 1880 Ethel, dau. of E. 
R. Turner, Esq. Hes., Govt. House, Perth, W. 

BEDFORD, Lt.-Col. Walter George 
Augustus, C.M.G. (1900-1), M.B., R.A.M.C., S. I 
Africa 1899-1901 as Sec. to Princ. Med. Offr., ' 
piev. Dep. Assist. Dir. A.M.S. : b. 1858. 

BEDI, Baba Sir Khem Singh, K.C.I.E. (1898), 
a landed proprietor, an M.L.C. of the Punjab, 
and a leading Priest of the Sikhs, twice nomi- 
nated Memb. Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1832, mrrd. 
Bes., Rawal Pindi, Punjab. 

Henry Edward Paston - Bedingfeld, Sth Bt. 
[Eng. i65i), late Maj. 3rd Liverpool Regt. (Mil.), 
served in S. Africa 1901-2 : son of 7th Bt.,b. i860, 
sue. 1902, mar. 1904 Sibyl, dau. of the late Henry 
A. Lyne-Stephens, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
Richard Henry Claverino (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Charles, b. 1864). Seat, Oxburgh Hall, 
Stoke Ferry, Norfolk ; totvn res., 45 Cromwell Rd., 

Widow. Dowager Lady P.-B. (Aiigusta, dau. of 
E. Clavering, Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Henry G. Pas- 
ton Bedingfeld, 7th Bt. (d. 1902). Bes., 45 Crom- 
well Rd., S.W. 

BEDOYERE— see " De la Bt^doy&re." 

BEECH, Maj. John Robert, C.M.G. (1888), 
D.S.O. (1891), Scottish Horse Imper. Yeom., 
formerly Capt. 20th Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan 
1882-91, S. Africa 1900: b. i860. 

BEEK, James Scott, I.S.O. (1903), Auditor- 
Gen, of New Brunswick. 

BEEVOR, Baronet. Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 
5th Bt. (at. Br. 1784), M.D., F.R.C.P., Phys. to 
King's Coll. Hosp., and to City of Lond. Hosp. 
for Diseases of Chest, Repre.?. for Soc. of Apothecs. 
on Gen. Med. Counc: son of 4th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 
1885, mar. 1894 Emily Georg-ina, dau. of Sir Wm. 
Foster, 2nd Bt. of Norwich. Heir, his son Thomas 
Lubbock (b. 1897; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ralph 
Jermy, b. 1859). Bes., Croxley Grn., Rickmans- 
worth R.S.O., Herts.; 17 Wimpole St., W. 

BEEVOR, Lt.-Col.WALTKR Cauverley, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., late ist Scots Gds.; 
Soudan 1885, Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah, and 8. 
Africa 1900, now on Staff of Gov. of Bombay: 
b. 1858. Club, Guards'. 

BEGBIE, Maj.-Gen. Elphinstone Watkbb, 
C.B. (Mil. 1896), D.S.O. (1891), Abyss. 1867-8, 
Datfla 1874-5, H'^d Burma 1885-6, was D.A.G. 
Madras 1891-6, now on Supernum. List : b. 1842. 

BEGBIE, Maj. George Edward, D.S.O- 
(1900-1), Highld. L.I. ; Crete 1897-8 and S. Africa 
1899-1900 : b. 1868. 

BEHRENS, Hon. Mrs. Ci.ive, dau of Bn. 

BELAM, Com. Henry. M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), R.N. retd., now Marine Suiweyor to Mersey 
Docks Bd. 

BELCHER, Capt. Harold Thomas, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1875. 


BEL 137 

BELCHER, Maj. Robert, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Canad. Rebellion 1885 and S, Africa 1900-1 : 
b. 1849. Res., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 

BELFAST, Eael of {Irel. 1791), a title of the 
Donegall Marquessate borne by the heir when a 
son. Baron Chichester- of Belfast (1625) is also a 
title of the Marquessate. 

BELFIELD, Col. Hkebert Everslky, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1902), Ashanti 1895-6, 
S. Africa 1900-2, now comdg. 4th Brigade Alder- 

I shot Comd. : b. 1857. Bes., Aldershot. 

; BELGRAVE, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1784), a title 
of the Westminster Dukedom, borne by the 
present Duke while heir as a grandson. 

BELHAVEN, Master op, title of the son and 
heir of following. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron. Alex- 
ander Charles Hamilton, lOth Bn. (Scot.), 
a Scott. Repres. Peer (el. J900), a D.L. for 
Lanarks., a Col. in Army retd., Hon. Col. 2nd 
Lanarks. Vol. Engrs.;comd. SurreyVol. Inf. Brig. 
1888-1902, formerly Lt.-Col. R.E., served in Zulu 
War: son of Wm. Jno. Hamilton, Esq., M.P., 
F.R.S., and a collateral relation of the late 9th 
Bn. (they being both descended from a gt. imcle 
of the 2nd Bn., the succession passing to heirs- 
general) ; b. July 3, 1840 ; established his claim 

I to succession 1894 ((7.); mar. 1880 Georgina 
Katharine, dau. of Legh Richmond, Esq. Seat, 
Wishaw House, Wishaw, Lanarks. ; town res., 
41 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belhaven and Stenton, Scot. 1647, 
renewed 1675.— The ist Bn. was so created for his devotion 
to Charles I. His father was a natural brother of the 
ist;Earl of Arran (Scot.), and an additional connection 

I between this house and those of Abercorn and Hamilton 
existed on the mother's side, she being a descendant of 

j Sir Jno. Hamilton, 4th Ld. of Cadzow, whose grandson 

! wt\s summoned to Parliament as Ld. Hamilton. The 
course of succession has repeatedly been the subject of 

, dispute. 

I Titled Relatives. 

j (Hamilton.) 

I Sole issue of present [iQth) Bn, : 
Master of Belhaven, heir to Barony : Hon. Ralph 
Gerard Alexander //.,and Lieut. 3rd Hussars, b. 
1883. mar. 1904 Lady Grizel Winifred Louisa 
Cochrane, dau. of 12th E. of Dundonald. (2nd heir, 
his i8t cousin Robert Edward Archibald H., 
b. 1871.) 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Ladv Grizel Louisa H., see preceding. 
Issue of^th Bn. (remote cousins of present) : 

Hon. Leonore Agnes Watson Nisbet. now Hon. Mrs. 
Borras Whiteside, b. 1878, mar. 1903 R. Borras jr., 
; Esq. 

Hon. May Clarke Mary Nisbet H.,h. 1879. 
I Hon. Clarice Jessie Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Napier, 
I i b. 1881, mar. 1899 the Master of Napier, see " N. and 
1 Ettriok." 

I Hon. Muriel Louise H., b. 1884. 
Hon. Winifred Maude H., b. 1886. 
Hon. Dorothy Henrietta H., b. 1888, 
I Hon. Georgina Violet H., b. 1889. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron's Widow. 
Georgina, Lady Belh. & S., dau. of Sir Jno. Wat- 
Ison, 1st Bart, of Earnock, mar. 1877 gth Bn. 
; Belhaven and S. (d. 1893). Bes., Udston, Hamil- 
1 ton, Lanarks. ; 8 Eglinton Cresc, Edinburgh. 
!; BELILIOS, Emanuel Raphael, C.M.G. (1893) , 
fan M.L.C. of Hong Kong a merchant and phil- 
1 anthropist : of Venetian descent : b. 1837. Res., 
! Kingsclere, Hong Kong ; The Eyrie, Peak, same 
isld. ; Green Park House, 134 Piccadilly, W. 
( BELL, Baronet of Govan. Sir James Bell, 
list Bt. {U.K. 1895), a shii)-owner, a D.L. for 
Slasgow (late Lord Provost), also a D.L. for 
j Lanarks. and late Hon. Col. ist Lanarks. Rifle 
i Vols., is a memb. of Roy Patriotic Fund Corp., 

son of Jno. Bell, Esq., of above city; b. 1850, 
mar. 1875 Helen, dau. of the late Wm. Findlay, 
Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1876 ; no 2nd heirl . 
Bes., Montgreenan, Kilmarnock. 

BELL, Baronet of Rounton. Sir (Isaac) 
Lowthian Bell, ist Bt. {U.K. 1885), D.C.L., 
LL.D., F.R.S., a D.L. for Co. Durham, an 
iron-master apd coal-owner, Dir. of N. E. 
Rail., formerly an M.P., High Sheriff of Co. 
Durham 1884 and Sheriff of Newcastle 1851, 
twice its Mayor : son of the late Thos. BeU, Esq. , of 
Newcastle ; b. 1816, widower. Heir, his son 
(Thomas) Hugh (b. 1844 ; 2nd heir, latter's j 
son Maurice Hugh Lowthian, b. 1871). Seat, j 
Rounton Grange, Northallerton, Yorks. i 

BELL, Knight (1). Sir John Charles Bell, j 
Kt. Bach. (1902 ), an Aid. and Lieut, of City of 
London, was Sheriff 1901-2, Past-Master of Glovers' 
Co. and on Court of Haberdashers', Chmn. of 
Wenlock Brewery Co., City Rd. : b. 1844. Bes., 
Stoke Poges B.S.O., Bucks. ; 61 Portland Pi., W. 

BELL, Knight (2). Sir William James 5eZZ, 
Kt. Bach. (1892), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Vice- 
Chmn. Ross and Cromarty C.C. 1891-2, is a D.L. 
for same Cos. and for Co. of London, a Co. Aid. for 
latter and a memb. Roy. Co. of Archers (Scot.) : 
b. 1859, mar. 1882 Bertha Diana, dau. of the late 
G. Torr, Esq. Bes., 49A Pall Mall, S.W. 

BELL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Margaret 
Miller, dau. of Wm. M'T. D'Orsey, Esq., M.D.), j 
mar. 1861 Sir Josh. P. Bell, Pres. Leg. Counc. j 
Queensld. (d. 1881). Bes., Jimbour, Dalby, Qnsld. 

BELL, Charles George Harland, C.M.G. 

(1902) , late Civil Comssnr. and Res. Magistrate at 
Maf eking. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Charles (Wentworth), dau. 
of Bn. Biddulph. 

BELL, Lieut. G. T., D.S.O. (1902), Victm. 
Contgt. ; S. Africa 1902. 

BELL, Henry Hesketh Joudon, C.M.G. 

(1903) , Administrator of Dominica, prev. Assist. 
Treas. at Gold Coast and M.E.C. Bahamas : b. 
1865. Bes., Govt. House, Dominica. 

BELL, Capt. Henry Stanley, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
1st N'thumb. Vol. Artill., and Hon. Lieut. R.A. ; 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1874. 

BELL, James, C.B. (Civ. 1889), D. Sc., Ph.D., 
F.R.S.,late Princ. of Somerset House Laboratory 
and Cons. Chemist to chief Pub. Depts. : b. 1825. 
Bes., 52 Cromwell Rd., Hove, Brighton. 

BELL, Lt.-Col. John William, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
V.D., late comdg. Queenstn. Rif. Vols., is Master 
of Supr. Ct. Transvaal ; S. Africa 1877-1901 : b. 
1848. .ffes., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

BELL, Col. Mark Sever, C.B. (Mil. 1893), UC 
(1874), R.E., Bhutan 1865-6, Hazara 1868, Ashanti 
1873-4, and Burma 1886-7, late an A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria, ret. 1900 ; an extensive Asiatic 
explorer: b. 1843. Bes., Earley Wood Ldg., 
Bagshot, Surrey. 

BELL, Robert, I.S.O. (1903), M.D., D.Sc, 
LL.D., F.R.S., Dir. of Geolog. Survey of Canada, 
Prof, of Chemistry and Nat. Sci, in Queen's Univ. 
Kingston: b. 1841. Bes., 174 Maelaren St., 

BELL, Valentine Graeme, C.M.G. (1903), 
P.C., F.R.C.L, M.LC.E., M.L.C, and Dir. of 
Public Works, Jamaica : b. 1839. Bes., Kingston. 

BELL, Col. William (i),C.B.(Civ. 1889), retired 
from Army and now Sec. to Govt, of Guernsey, 
late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1829. Bes., Swissville, 

BELL, William (2), CLE. (1904), Dir. of Publ. ] 
Instr, and Under Sec. to Govt, in Educ. Dept. 

138 BEL 

Directory of Peerage^ 


BELLAIES, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Williak 
; Bellairs, K.C.M.G. (1882), G.B. (Mil. 1S78), served 
through Crimean War, KafBr and Zulu Wars of 
1877-9, and has been Administr. of Natal and 
Com. of Forces in Transvaal, ret. 1887 and is Col. 
Notts, and Derb. Eegt.: b. 1828, mar. 1867, 2nd 
wife, Blanche St. John, dau. of Fras. A. Mosch- 
zisker, Esq., Ph.D. i?es., Clevedon, Somerset. 

BELLAMY, Knight. Sir J. A. Bellamy, Kt. 
Bach. (1904). Mayor of Plymouth 1901 and 1902. 

BELLAMY, Capt. Egbert, D.S.O. (190C-1), 
Eoy. Suss. Eegt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1871. 

BELLEW, family name of following Barony. 

BELLEW {pron. Bel'oo), Baron. _ Charles 
Bertram Bellew, 3rd Bn. {Ire.l.), an ir. Eepres. 
Peer (el. 1904), and a Bt., Lieut. 01 Co. Louth, 
formerly Capt. 6th Eatt. Eoy. Ir. Eifies (Louth 
Mil.) : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. April 19, 1855 ; sue. 
1895 ; mar. 1883 Mildred Mary Josephine, 
dau. of Sir Humphrey de Trafford. 2nd Bt. 
^-ea;;, Bai-meath Castle, Dunleer E.S.O., Co. Louth. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1688 ; Bn. Bellew, 1848.— The 
Rt. Hon. Su- Patrick Bellew, 7th Bt., Lieut, of Co. 
Louth, Avas the first to obtain tiiis Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. ■ 
{Bellew.} ; 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. of pi'esent) ; \ 

(Present Baron, b. 1855.) i 

Hon. George LEoroLo Bryan (assumed surname by ; 
licence 1881 in lieu of Bellew), heir pres. to Barony, ' 
Maj. in Res. of Officers, late of 10th Hussars, 
served in Nile Exjjedn. 1834-5 and in S. Africa 
1900: b. 1857. Res., v.-ith foUowing. | 

Hon. Richard Eustace B., and heir, b. 1858, mar. 
189s, 2nd wife, Gwendoline, dau. of Wm. R. J. P. 
Herbert, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Richd. B.). Res., i 
Jenkinstown Pk., Kilkenny. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1830, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Prances Mary, now Hon. Sirs. Woolmore 
Smith, h. 1832, mar. 1865 Capt. Jno. Woolmore S., 
but obtd. judic. sep. 1900. 

Hon. Annabella Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Conyers 
Tower, b. 1833, inar. 1857 the late Lt.-Gen. Conyers 
T., C.B. (d. 1903). Res., Thornflekl, Rugby. 

Hon. Permina Maria Blagdalena, now Hon. Mrs. 
Everard Stourton, b. 1835, mar. 1862 the late Capt 
Hon. fEverard S., son of 19th Bn. Stourton, (i.v. 
under " Mowbray, Segrave," &c. 

BELLEV/, GEATTAN-, Baronet. Sir Henry 
Christopher Grattan-Belleio, 3rd Bt. (t^.iL.1838), 
Capt. Pro vis. Batt., also of 4th Batt. Connaught 
Bangers (Mil.), late Lieut. 5th Drgn. Gds,, a D.L. 
for Gal way (High Sheriif 1884) : nephew of 2nd 
Bt., b. i85o, sue. 1867, mar. 1885 the following, 
j Heir, his son Herbert Michael (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Charles Christopher, b. 1887). 
Seat, Mt. Bellew, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway. 

BELLEW, GEATTAN-, Lady Sophia Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of 7th E. of Granard (q.v.) and 
wife of the preceding. 

BELLINGHAM, B a ronet. Sir (Alan) Henry 
BeJlingham, 4th Bt. [Gt. Br. 1796 ; a prev. creation 
lasted 1620-50), M. A., barrister-at-law, a D.L. for 
Co. Louth, a Commissr. of Nat. Education for Ire- 
land and Senator of Eoy._L'niv., Private Cham- 
berlain to Pope Leo Xlli., fonnerly an M.P. 
and Capt. 6th Batt. Eoy. Ir. Eifies (Louth 
Militia) : son of 3rd Et., b. 1846, sue. 1889, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, the following (1st wife was Lady 
Constance Noel, dau. of 2nd E. of Gainsborough)'. 
Heir, his son Edward Henry Charles Patrick i 
(b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, next son, Eoger Charles Noel, 
b. 1884). Seat, Bellingham Castle, Castlebelling- 
ham E.S.O., Co. Louth. 

*** The ist Bt. was Sec. to Mr. Pitt and M.P. for 
Reigate ; hence we must account for the title being of 
Gt. Britain instead of Ireland. 

BELLINGHAM, Hon; Lady, dau. of 23rd Bnss. 
Grey de Euthyn (q.v.) and wife of above Bt. 
• BELMOEE, Earl op. Somerset Eichard 
Lowrzj-Corry, 4th Earl {Irel.), P.C. [Irel. 1867), 
G.C.M.G. (1890), M.A., M.E.LA., a Eepres. 
Peer of Ireland (el. 1857), Lieut, of Tyrone, 
formerly Under - Sec. for Home Dept., Gov. 
of N.S. Wales 1867-72, repeatedly an Acting Ld. 
Justice of Ireld., and has been Maj. of Lond. 
Irish Eifie Vols, and Capt. Fermanagh Mil. : son 
of 3rd E. ; b. April 9, 1835 ; sue. 1845 (C.) ; mar. 
1861 Anne Elizabeth Honoria, dau. of Capt. Jno. 
N. Gladstone, E.N,, M.P. Seat, Castle Coole, 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Belmore, 1781 ; Vise. Belmore, 
1789; E. of Belmore, 1797 (the "of "is correct, omitted in 
some books). " Vise. Corry " is the courtes3'-title of the 
eld. son. — Armar Lowrj'-Corry, M.P. for Co. Tyrone, was 
awarded the three titles in succession. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Lowry -Corry.) 
Issue of present {^tfi) E. : 
Lady Theresa L.-C, b. 1862. 

Lady Florence, now Lady P. Eden, b. 1864, mar. 1893 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Hy. E. Res., Bishopton Grange, 

The late Lady Madeline L.-C, b 1865, d. 1898. 
Lady Mary L.-C, b. 1867. 

Vise. tJoRRY, heir to Earldom: Armar L.rC, M.A., 
barrisfcer-at-law, a D.L. and C.C. for Fermanagh, 
High Sheriff 1895, and for Tyrone 1901, formerly 
Capt. Roy. Innisk. Fus.(Mil.): b. 1870. Club, Carlton. 

Hon. Cecil L.-C, 2nd lieir, b. 1873. Club, Fer- 
managh (Dublin). 

Hon. Ernest i.-C, b. 1874. r7?(Z), Isthmian. 

Lady Winifred L.-C, b. 1876. 

Lady Edith L.-C, b. 1878. 

Lady Violet L.-C.,h. i88x. 

Lady Margaret L.-C, b. 1883. 

Lady Dorothyi.-C, b. 1885. 

Lady Kathleen L.-C, b. 1887. 

Surviving issue of 3rc^ E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1835.) 

Adm. Hon. Armar L.-C. (retired list), b. 1836, mar. 
i858 Geraldine, dau. of Jas. King-King, Esq., M.P. 
(Hod. Mrs. Armar L.-C). Res., 15 Warwick Scj., 

Lady Louisa Ann, now Lady L. Magenis, b. 1837, mar. 

i860 the late Lt.-Col. Richd. Hy. il/.(d. 18S0). Rts.,ZA 

Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
Lady Florence Elizabeth, now Lady P. King-King, , 

b. 1842, mar. 1876 Wm. Edwd. K.-K., Esq. Res., \ 

Bodenham Manor, Leominster, Herefs. | 
Col. Hon. Henry William L.-C, M.A., a Co. Aid. for ' 

AV. Suffolk and Chmn. of Q.S., late comdg. Coldstrm. ; 

Gds., served in Suakin Expedn., ret. 1903, an M.P. 

1873-So : b. 1843, mar. 1876 Hon. Blanche Edith ; 

Wood, dau. of ist Vise. Halifax (Hon. Mrs. Henry 

L.-C). Res., Edwardstone Hall, Boxford,' SufiFk., : 

nr. Colchester. 1 

BELPEE, Baron. Henry Strut/, 2nd Bn. | 
(t/\A'.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1895), LL.M., Hon. Col. I 
(formerly comdg.) Sth. Notts Impcr. Ycom., and 
an A.D.C. for Yeom. to H.M., Capt. Hon. Corps j 
of Gentn. at Anns, a D.L. for Notts, and Chmn. i 
Notts. Q.S. and C.C, an M.P. 1868-74 and 1880: ! 
son of 1st Bn. ; b. May 20, 1840 ; sue. 1880 {L.U.) ; | 
mar. 1874 Lady Margaret Coke, dau. of 2nd E. of 1 
Leicester. Seat, Kingston Hall, Derby ; town res., 
31 Cadogan Sq., S.W., and Engine Ct., St. James's 
Pal., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belper, U.K. 1856. — The Rt. Hnn. 
Edwd. Strutt, Lord Lieut, of Notts., who had married a 
daugliter of the Bp. of Chichester, was the ist Peer. 

Titled Relatives. ' 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

The late Hon. William S., b. 1875, d. 1898. i 
Hon. Norah S., b. 1876. 

BEL Baronetage^ Kiiightagey &c. BE3S" 139 

, . Hon. Lilian, now Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcoimaon, b* 
1877, mar. 1901 Vern. Austen M., Esq. Res., 21 
Draycott PL, S.W. . 

; Hon. Hilda 1879. 

The deceased Hon. lieginald Edward S., b. 1881, d. 

Hon. Algkrno:? Henky S., heir to Barony, b. 1883. 
(2nd heir, his isfc cousin Edward Lisle S., b. 1874, 
son of late Hon. Arthur.) 
Hon. Margaret S., b. i836. 
Hon. Muriel b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Pkesent Bahon, b. 1840.) 

Hon. Frederick S., a C.C. for Derbysh., formerly 
Lieut. 8, Notts. Yeom. : b. 1843. Res., Milford 
! ■■ House, Derby. 

i Hon. Sophia, now Ron. Lady Le Mar chant, h. 1845, 
' mar. 1869 (see "Le Marchant,Bt."). 

Hon. Caroline, now Hon. Lady Dighy, b. 1848, mar. 
1870 Sir Kenelm Edwd. D., K.C.B., q.r. 
, Hon. Mary Emily, now Hon. Mrs. Heni-y Handford, 
b. 1853, rnar. i8§3, 2nd husb., Henry. H., Esq., 
M.D., F.ll.C.P. Res., Hardwicke House, The Park, 

Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Murray Smith, b. i860, 

mai". 1885 Geo. Mun-ay S., Esq. Res., Gumley Hall, 

Mkt. Harborough, Leic. 
— Dav..-m-laiu : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur S. (Alice Mary Elizabeth, dau. 

of Ambrose L. M. Phillipps-de-Lisle, Esq.), mar. 

1873, wid. 1877. Res., Milford House, Bournemouth. 

BELSHAW, Edward, I.S.O. (1903), Ch. Clk. to 
Bd. of Education, S. Kensington. 

BEMROSE, Knight. Sir Henry Howe Bern- 
rose, Kt. Bach. (1897), Chmn. of Bemrose and 
Sons, printers &c., Derby, and a Dir. of Parr's 
Derby Bank, Linotype, and other cos., memb. 
of House of Laymen, an M.P. 1895-1900, Mayor 
of Derby 1877, and formerly Capt. 1st Derbysh. 
Vols. : b. 1827, mar. 1855 Charlotte, dau. of Wm. 
Brindley, Esq. Bes., Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 

BENARES, H. H. Maharaja Sir Prabhit 
Narayan Singh, Bahadzcr, of (G.C.I.E. 1898; 

! K.C.I.E. i8go), has conferred great beneflts 
on Benares by gifts of money and land (titles 
personal only, though the ' India List ' adopts his 

1 usual style of Maharaja of Benares) : b. 1855. 

I Bes., FortEamnajar, Benares; Chakya, Mirzapur. 

1 BENBOW, Knight. Sir Henry 5en&on',K.C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), D.S.O. (1891), served in Nile Expedn. 

I 1884-5 ; late Ch. Insp. Machinery R.N. : b. 1838, 

; mar. 1892 Elizabeth Jean, dau. of the late Hy. 
Bird, E.sq. Bes., Dormans Pk.. Surrey, nr. E. 

i Grinstead. 

i BENDIGO, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. Henry Aech- 
; DAi.L Lnngley, 1st Bp., late Archdn. of Melbourne 
t and Geelong, prev. of G-ippsland : ord. 1865, cons, 
i 1902. Bes., Eorest Hill, Bendigo, Victoria, 

BENEDERALOCH &c., Baron {Scot. 1677)— 
isee "Breadalbane, M. of." 

; BENEDICT, Knight's Widow {remrrd. and 
f known as Mrs. Frank Lawson : Mary Comber, 
: clau. of the late Hy. Fortey, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1879, 
1 as 2nd wife, Sir Julius Benedict, mus. composer 
I (d. 1885) ; 2ndly, 1886, Frank Lawson, Esq. Bes., 
1104A Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 
! BENGOUGH, Maj .-Gen. Harcourt Mortimer, 
il^.B. (Mil. 1886), Crimea, Zululd., and Burma 
[1885-6; has comd. a 2nd class Dist. of Madras, 
I ;roops in Jamaica, and a Brigade at Aldershot ; 
fet. 1898: b. 1837. Bes., The Beech House, 
[ WTiitwell, Welwj-n, Herts, 
i BENJAMIN, Knight. Sir Benjamin 
Kt. Bach. (1889), a merchant and bank director, 
brmerly M.L.C. of Victoria and Mayor of Mel- 
j )oum3 : b. 1834, mar. 1857 Fanny, dau. of Abra- 
I lam Cohen, Esq., of Sydney. Bes., Canally, 
I Jeorge St., East Melbourne. 

BENN, Maj.' Robert Arthur Edward, CLE. , 

(1904), LA., Vice-Cons, for Seistan and Kain i 

BENNET, family name of Tankerville 
Earldom, q.v. for Lady Corisande. 

BENNET, Lord, title borne by present E. of 
Tankerville whilst an heir. 

BENNETT, Knight. Sir William Henry 
Bennett, K.C.V,0. (1901), F.R.C.S,, F.Z.S,,, Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., Sen. Surg, to St. George's 
Hospital, H.M.'s Insp. of Anatomy for the Metro- 
polis, and an author of numerous med. works : b. 
1852, mar. 1882 Isabel Lloyd, dau. of Thos. Dickin- ; 
son, Esq. Bes., 1 Chesterfield St., Mayfair, W. i 

BENNETT, Lt.-Col. Alfred Charles, D.S.O. 
(1902), late W. Yorks. Regt. (Mil.); S, Africa | 
1900-2. Bes., The Cleevelands, Bp.'s Cleeve, j 
Cheltenham, j 

BENNETT, Maj. Alfrek Joshua, D.S.O. j 
(1900-1), N,S.W. Mtd. Inf. ; Soudan 1885, S.Africa j 
1900-1: b. 1865. i?f5., Wagga Wagga, N.S.W. 

BENNETT, Maj. Charles Hugh, D.S.O. [ 
(i900-i\ Wore, Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. | 
1867. ' 

BENNETT, Courtenay Walter, CLE. (igoD), 
British Cons. -Gen. at San Francisco, late Cons, 
at Bilbao, prev, at Reunion, Panama, Guatc- i 
mala, and Rio Grande do Sul : b. 1855, Be.i., j 
Brit. Consulate-Gen., San Francisco. • 

BENNETT, George Wheatley, I.S.O. (1903), ! 
Acct. and Controller-Gen. Customs Dept. : b. 1845. i 
Bes., Edendale, Queen Anne Avenue, Bromley, 
Kent. ! 

BENNETT, Engi\ - Capt, James Martin 
Cameron, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N,, Perak ; 
1875-6. ! 

BENNETT, Thomas Jewell, CLE, (1903), i 
chief proprietor of the Times of India. Bes., j 
Bombay, and Bryn Cregin, Deganwy, Llandudno, i 

BENNETT, Col, William, D.S.O. (1886), | 
late Yorks. Regt, ; Hazara 1868 and Nile Espedns. ! 
1884-5, ret. 1890 : b. 1835. : 

BENSON, Lieut. Charles Bingley, D.S.O, i 
(1902), Roy, Warwicksh. Regt. ; S.Africa 1901-2 : i 
b. 1876. 1. 

BENSON, Maj .-Gen. Frederick William, C,B, | 
(Mil, 1900-1), late 17th Lancers; Fenian Raid in j 
Canada, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Dir. of Trans- • 
ports and Remounts : b. 1849. Ber.., 28 Pall Mall, 
S.W, \ 

BENSON, Maj. Henry Wightmait, D.S.O, | 
(1900-1), late E, Surrey Regt. ; S, Africa 1899- | 
1902 : b. 1855. I 

BENTINCK, Count. The Mcstlllustr. William \ 
Charles Philip Otiio BsntincJc, 7th Ct. (Graf — I 
Bol// Bor:7. Emp., i.e., Austro-Germany, 1732), i 
also Ct. of Waldeck - Limpurg and Ct, of ; 
Aldenburg, Hered, Memb. of Upper H. of Parlt. ! 
Wiirtemberg, formerly in Engl. Diplom. Serv, : j 
bro. 01 6th Ct., b. 1848, sue. 1874 as Ct. von B. | 
and Aldenburg, and became Ct. of Waldeck-L, j 
by contract yrdh his mother in 1888 ; mar, 1877 ! 
Freiherrin Marie Cornelia von Heeckeren-Was- j 
senaer (Ctss, or Griifin B.), Bes., Gaildorf, i 
Wiirtemberg ; Weldam, Goor, Overj^ssel, Hoi- j 
land ; Middaehten, Amhem, Gelderland, do, ; i 
13 Voorhout, The Hague. 

*** This house has been reckoned among the Gelderland 
nobility from 1377. All descendants of the sth Count are ! 
authorised to prefix "Count" or "Countess" to their j 
Christian names for use in this country, but the 
daughters lose the title upon marriage. "VVe have thus 
the following list : I 

140 BE]Sr Directory of Peerage^ BEU 

I Counts and Countesses. 

I {Bentinck.) 
\ Issue of present (jth) Gt. : 

Ctss. Mechtild Corisande Reiiira Mary B., b. 1877. 
! Ct. William Frederick. CnARLbS Henry i?., heir to 
title, Lieut, in Prussiaia Gardes du Corps, b. 1880. 
Res., Potsdam. 
Ct. Fredk. Geo. tlnico Wm. B., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 
Ctss. Isabella Antoinette Mary Clementina i?., 
b. 1889. 

Tssne oj y?i Ct. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Count Bentinck, b. 1848.) 
Ct. Chas. Reginald Adelbert B., Capt. in Prussian 
^pmy, b. 1853, mar., but mrrge. dissolved: issue— 
; Ctss. Mary Amelia Mechtild Agnes, b. 1879. Res., 

j Zuylestein, Utrecht, Holland. 

I Ct. Godard John Geo. Chas. B., b. i?57, mar. 1884 
I Clss. A. W. Louise A. de Bylandt : issue— 

Ct. Chas. Arthur Reginald Wm. Godard Aug. B., 
b. 1885; Ct. Godard Adrian Hy. Jules, b. 1887; 
Ctss. Eliz. Mechtild Marie Sophie Louise, b. 1892 ; 
Ct. J no. Victor Richd. Rodolphe, b. 1895 ; Ct. Alfred 
Louis Hy. Godard, b. 1897; Ct. William Henry 
Ferdinand Godard, b. 1500. Res., Amerongen 
Castle, Prov. Utrecht. 
Ctss. Victoria Mary Frederica Mechtild B., b. 1863. 
Res., with Ct. Charles. 

j — D au. -in-law : 

I Ctss. Aldenburg B. (Henrietta Eliza Cathcart, dau. 

I of Robt. M'Kerrell, Esq.), mar. 1874 Vac late Ct. 

I Hy. C. A. F. W. Aldenburg B. (prev. 6th Ct. 

Bentinck, but on mrrge. resigned title to his 
bro. ; b. 1846, d. 1903); m«e— Ct. Robt. Chas., 
b. 1875 ; Renira Christine (late Ctss.), b. 1877, mar. 
1898 Bn. Alex, de Heeckeren Kell ; Ct. Chas. 
Henry, Attach^ in For. Off. London, b. 1879 ; Ct. 
Henry Duncan, Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., b. 1881 ; 
Ctss. Ursula Victoria Henrietta, b. 1884; Ct. Arthur 
W"m. Douglas, and Ctss. Naomi Mechtild Henrietta, 
b. 1887 (twins). Res., s.3 Green St., Park Ln., W. 

BENTINCK, Maj. Walter Guy, D.S.O. (1902), 
Rifle Brigade ; S. Atrica 1899-1902 ; b. 1864. Bes., 
Wakkerstroom, Transvaal. 

only, family name of Portland Dukedom, q.v. 
for " Lords " and " Ladies," see also index under 
" Cavendish." 

BENTON, John, CLE. (1902), Sec. to Punjab 
Pub. Works Dept., late Supt. Engr. at Mandalay : 
b. 1850. lies., Lahore. 

BENUARRAT, Baron of. Giuseppe Aftard- 
Montalto, 7th Bn. {Malta 1737), memb. of Soc. of 
St. Vincent de Paul : b. 1870, sue. 1892 (related 
collaterally to predecessor). Heir pres., his bro. 
Paolino, 'dei Baroni Attard-Montalto (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Angiolino, b. 1898). Res., Marsa 
Scala Bay, Malta ; 11 Strada Britannica, Valetta. 
I BENUARRAT, Baron's Widow. Bnss. B. 
I (Angiolina, dau. of Antonio Manduca, dei Conti 
! di Mont' Alto), mar. 1869 6th Bn. of Benuarrat 
1 (d. 1892). Res., with present Bn., also at Zeitien, 
i Malta. 

BERESFORD, family name of Waterford 
i Marquessate, wliich see for all issue styled 
" Lord " or *' Lady," but the Decies Barony 
(Horsley-Beresf ord) , and belovr, for *' Hons." 

BERESFORD, Baron [Irel. 1720)— see " Water- 
ford, M. of." 

BERESFORD, Knigut and Peer's Son. Vice- 
Adm. Lord Charles William de la Poer Beres- 
ford, K.C.B. (Mil. 1903), K.C.V.O. (same year), 
late an M.P., and was Nav. A.D.C. to late Queen 
and Jun. Lord of Admiralty, served at Alexandria 
(where he was appd. Gov.) and in Nile Expedn., 
accompd. H.R.H. Prince of Wales (nowH.M. the 
King) to India 1875-6, now Com. of Channel 
Squadron : son of 4th M. of Waterford and uncle 
of present Peer ; b. 1846, mar. 1878 Mina, dau. of 

the late Richd. Gardner, Esq., M.P. (Lady Charles 
B. ) . Res., Park Gate House, Ham Common, Rich- 
mond, Surrey. 

BERESFORD, Hon. Mrs. John (George), dau. 
of 1st Bn. Denman. 

BERESFORD, John Stuart, CLE. (1900), 
M.I.C.E., late Ch. Engr. and Joint Sec. Works 
(Irrig.) Dept. of India, in I.C.S. from 1867. Res., 
2 Carlton Gdns., Ealing, W. 

BERESFORD, Marcus H. De La Poer, I.S.O. 
(1904), Sec. to Administration, Nthn. Nigeria. 

BERESFORD, HORSLEY-, family name of 
Decies Barony (see " Beresford " above). 

BERESFORD, MASSY-, Hon. Mrs. John, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Dunleath. 

BERGAVENNY, Baron {Eng. 1392, eon- 
firmed 1450) — see " Abergavenny, M. of." 

BERGNE, Knight. Sir (John) Henry Gibbs 
Bergne, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), K.CM.G. (1888), has 
been chief of two Depts. in For. Off. and taken 
part in various Conferences, &c., having been 
located at Halifax (N.S.), Berne, Rome, Madrid, 
Brussels, Paris, and Washington, ret. 1902 : b. 
1842, mar. 1878 a relative, Mary k Court, dau. of 
the late Rev. S. B. Bergne. Res., 13 Pembroke 
I Rd., Kens., W. 

BERKELEY {pron. Barkly), family name of 
Berkeley Earldom and of Fitzhardinge Barony 
(no issue of the name to either ; see below) . 

BERKELEY, Baroness. Eva Mary Fitz- 
hardinge Foley, Bnss. 16th in line (21st of orig. 
creation ; Eng.) : dau. of prev. Bnss. and of Maj.- 
Gen. Gustavus H. L. Milman, R.A. ; b. March 4, 
1875 ; sue. 1899 ; mar. 1903 Capt. Frank Wigram 
Foley, D.S.O., q.v. Seat, Martin's Heron, Brack- 
nell, Berks. 

Creation. Bn. Berkeley, Eng. 1421 (orig. 1295).— The 
6th feudal Lord of Berkeley had accompanied Edward I. 
in his Welsh wars, and was the ist Bn. B. by writ under 
the summons of 1295. His successors each received 
the same summons till the death of the gth Bn. in 
1417. This nobleman left an only child, a daughter, 
Elizabeth, to whom by right the title should have 
descended. The writ, however, was issued in 1421 to Jas. 
de Berkeley, nephew of the late Peer, and this Sir H. 
Nicolas regards as a new creation and the beginning of 
the present Barony of Berkeley." As to the title dejnre, 
it passed from the above Elizabeth to her three daughters, 
involving an abeyance which has never been terminated. 
The sth Bn. was knighted on Flodden Field by the 
Earl of Surrey. The 9th Bn. was created an Earl, but 
the succession to that title was not open to females 
as in the case of the Barony, so that on the death of 
the 6th Earl without issue in 1882, the two Peerages 
became separated as at present. The Bnss. isth in lino 
(ntk Berkeley) changed the family name by her marriage 
with Maj. -Gen. Gustavus Milman, but her daughter the 
present Peeress has again (1903) introduced a change by 
her union with Capt. Foley. 


Numerous descendants of the end and 3rd daus. of 

fth Earl. ' Burke ' gives as heir presumptive 
]rnest George Berkeley Ifaxse, Esq.,C.M.G. (q.v.), 
son of eld. son of 2nd dau. ; but in the event of an 
abeyance no succession can ensue except by inter- 
vention of the Crown. The gentleman named has 
two atmts living, also cousins who are sons of and 
son of same dau., and the 3rd dau. also leaves a son. 

BERKELEY, Earl of. Randal Mowbray 
Thomas Berkeley, 8th Earl {Eng.), formerly Lieut. 
R.N. : son of 7th E. ; b. Jan. 31, 1865; sue. 
188B, claim estabd. 1891 {L.U.); mar. 1887 the late 
Kate, widow of Arth. Jackson, Esq., and dau. of 
Wm. Brand, Esq. (.she died 1898). Heir, none. 
Res., Foxcombe, Boar's Hill, Wootton, Berks., 
nr. Oxford. 

Creations. E. of Berkeley and Vise. Dursley, Ena. 
1679.— The 7th Earl, who succeeded dejure on the death 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 

BEB 141 

in i88a of the 6th Earl and 14th Bn. (see preceding art.), 
never took steps to establish his claim, which task had 
therefore to bo undertaken, after his death in 1888, by 
his successor, the present Earl. 

BERKELEY, Earl's Widow. (Dowager) 
Countess of B. (Cecile. dau. of Edward Drum- 
mond, Esq., in France Vicomte de Melfort), mar. 
i860 (after divorce from 1st husb.) 7th E, of 
Berkeley (d. 1888). 

BERKELEY, Knight (1) . Sir George Berhelev, 
K.C.M.G. (1881), B.A., formerly Gov.-in-Cli. of 
TV. African Settmts., Leeward Is., &c. , was Colon. 
Sec. in Brit. Honduras 1845 '• 1819. Res., 
10 Hyde Pk. Mansns., Marylebone Rd., N."W. 

BERKELEY, Knight (2) . Sir Heney Spencer 
Berkeley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of Fiji, 
now Attorn. -Gen. of Hong Kong ; prev. SoLic.-Gen. 
&c. of Leeward Is. : b. 1851, mar. 1878 Catharine 
Elizabeth, dau. of F. S. Cassin, Esq., of Antigua. 
Res., The Park, Hong Kong. 

BERKELEY, Capt. Christopher Robert, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Welsh Regt. ; S. Africa 1900: b. 

BERKELEY, Ernest James Lennox, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), Cons.-Gen. at Tunis, late Commissr. 
and Cons.-Gen. for Uganda Protect., admind. 
Brit. E, Afr. Co.'s Territs. 1891-2 ; formerly in 
Army: b. 1857. Res., Brit. Cons.-Gen., Tunis. 

BERI^ELEY, Essex Digby, I.S.O. (1902), Clk. 
of Accts. in Scott. Pay Dept. : b. 1843. Res., Le 
Hocq, Victoria Rd., Upp. Norwood, S.E. 

BERKELEY, Maj.-Gen. James Cavan, CLE. 
(1888), formerly Res. in Kashmir, Nepal, &c. ; now 
on Supernum. List : b. 1839. Res., Rahere, The 
Avenue, Branksome Pk., Bournemouth. 

BERKELEY, Lady (Mary) Catherine, dau. 
of 3rd E. of Kenmare. 

BERKSHIRE, Earl of {Eng. 1626) — see 
" Suffolk and Berks., E. of." 

BERNAL, Frederic, C.M.G. (1891), formerly 
Cons, at Madrid, Carthagena (Colombia, S.A.), 
and Baltimore, and Cons.-Gen. at Havre : b. 1828^ 
Rts., 94 Cheriton Rd., Folkestone. 

BERNAL, Capt. Greville Hugh Woodley, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), lateDerb. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 

BERNARD, family name of Bandon Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies." 

BERNARD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Susan Capel, dau. of Rev. R. Tawney), mar. 
1862 SirChas. Edwd. Bernard, K.C.S.I., formerly 
Sec. to Ind. Govt, in three Depts. (d. 1901). 
Res., Camberley, Surrey. 

BERNARD, Viscount {Irel. 1800), a title of the 
Bandon Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

BERNAYS, Lewis Adolphus, C.M.G. (1892), 
F.L.S., Clerk to Legisl. Assemb. Queensland, 
belongs to numerous scient. socs. : b. 1831. Ad- 
dress, Houses of Parliamt., Brisbane. 

BERNERS, Baroness. Emma Harriet 
Tyrwhitt (pron. Tirrit), Bnss. 7th in line {Eng.) : 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Robt. Wilson, son of 
5th Bn. and bro. of 6th ; b. Nov. 18, 1835 ; sue. 
1871 ; mar. 1853 the late Sir Hy. T. Tyrwhitt, 3rd 
Bt. (d. 1894). Seat, Ashwellthorpe, Norwich. 

Creatiox. Bn. Bemers, Eng. 1453 (abeyant 1532-1720, 
and 1745-1832).— The ist Baron was Sir Jno. Bourchier, 
K.G., 4th son of Wm. Comte d'Eu in Normandy. Owing 
to female descent, the surname changed to Kjiyvet and 
then to Wilson. 



The late Hon. Harry Tyrwhitt Tyrwhitt-Wilson, b. 
1854, d. i8oi. 

Hon. Sir EAXMbND Rqbjjrt Tyrwhitt-Wil&on, 4th 
Bb. (q.v. under " Wilson"), heir to Barony, b. 1855. 

Capt. Hon. Hugh T.. M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903); R.N., 
2nd heir, also heir to Btcy. of preceding, Pnv. Sec. 
to First Lord of Admir. : b. 1856, mar. 1882 Julia 
Mary, dau. of Wm. O. Foster, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh T.). Res., 28 Egerton Gdns., Brompton Rd., 

Hon. Clement T., b. 1857, mar. 1884 Annette, dau. 

of W. Webb, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Clement T.). 
Hon. Rupert T., Maj. R.A., b. 1850, mar. 1900 Louise 

Isabel Fi-ances, dau. of Walter F. W. Wells, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrsi Rupert T.). 
Hon. Ardyn Mary, now The Lady Knollys, b. i860, 

mar. 1887 Sir Fras. K., K.C.M.G., now ist Bn. K., 


Hon. Philip Bourchier T., late Sub-Lieut. R.N., b. 

Rev. the Hon. Leonard Francis T., M.A., a Chapl. 

in Ord. to H.M., b. 1863. Res., Fenton Vicarage, 

The late Hon. Thomas Knyvet T., b. 1864, d. 1886. 
Hon. Sibyl Grace, now Hon. Mrs. James Wheeler, 

b. 1866, mar. 1895 Jas. Volant W., Esq. Res., 

Bitt«rley Ct., Ludlow, Salop. 
Hon. Hester Efa T., b. 1869. 
Hon. John T., b. 1876. 

BERNEY, Baronet. Sir Henry Hanson 
Berney, gth Bt. [Eng. 1620), LL.B., son of 8th Bt., 
b. 1843, sue. 1870, mar. 1866 Jane Dorothy, dau. 
of the late Rev. Andrew Bloxam. Heir, his grand- 
son Thomas Reedhak (b. 1893 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
bro. Richard Geoffrey Gordon, b. 1897). 
Burncrook, Moffat, Dumfriessh. 

BERRANGE (Berrang^), Maj. Christian 
Anthony Lawson, C.M.G. (1902), S. Africa in 
Cape Police 1902. 

BERRIED ALE, Baron {Scot. 1543, orig. 1455), 
a title of the Caithness Earldom, borne (as 
"Lord ") by the heir when a son. 

BERRY, Knight. Hon. Sir William Bisset 
Berry, Kt. Bach. (1900), M.A., M.D., Speaker of 
H. of Assembly, Cape Colony : b. 1839, widower. 
Res., Cape Town. 

BERRY, Knight's Widow. Lady i?. (Madge, 
dau. of Jno. B. Evans, Esq.), mar. 1869 Hon. Sir 
Graham Berry, K.C.M.G., Premier of Victoria 
(d. 1904). Res., Melbourne. 

BERRY, Hknry FitzPatrick, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., M.R.I.A., F.S.A. (Ireld.), Assist. Keeper 
Irish Record Office: b. 1847. Res., 51 Waterloo 
Rd., Dublin. 

BERTIE {pron: Barty), family name of the 
two Earldoms, Abingdon and Lindsey. See the 
former for all issue except Ladies Evelyn and 
Muriel. Towneley-Bertie is the surname of Lord 
Norreys and his issue (see under "Abingdon "). 

BERTIE, Lord, courtesy-title of the heir of E. 
of Lindsey when a son (not a title of the Earldom, 
but the fam. name utilised in default of a2nd title) . 

BERTIE, Priv. Counc, Knight, and Peer's 
Son. Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) Sir Francis Leveson 
Bertie, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1903), G.C.M.G. (1904), 
G.C.V.O. (1903), K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Ambass. at 
Paris (from Jan. 1905), prev. at Rome, late Assist. 
Under See. for For. Aifairs, has served on two 
important Missions, including that of Lords 
Beaconsfield and Salisbury to Berlin : son of 6th 
E. of Abingdon and bro. of present Peer ; b. 1844, 
mar. 1874 Lady Feodorowna Cecilia Wellesley, 
dau. of 1st Earl Cowley. Res., Brit. Embassy, 

tram, Kt. Bach. (1885), M. A., late Bailiff of Jersey 
(1884-98), prev. Attom.-Gen. &c. : b. 1841, mar. 
1866 Anna Maria, dau. of Gen. Edwd. J. Lawder, 
M.S.C. Res., 45 ArgyU Rd., Kens., W. 

BEBiTRAM, Louis John, C.M.G. (1904), 
Auditor-Q^n. of Jamaica. 

142 BEB 

Directory of Peerdgt 


BERWICK, Baron. Thomas Henry Noel- 
Hill, Sth Bn. {Gf. Br.), B.A., Lieut. Shropsh. 
Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Attache to Brit. Emb. at 
Paris :' nephew of 7th Bn. and son of Eev. the 
Hon. Thos. Noel Noel-Hill, who was granted 
rank of a Bn.'s son ; b. June 2, 1877 ; sue. 1897 
(C.) ; unmrrd. Seat, Attingham Hall Shrewsbury ; 
offic. re?., Brit. Emb., Parish toivn house, SClarges 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

Creation. Bn. Berwick, Gt. lir. 1784.— ]S'oel Hill, the 
ist Bu., had represented Shropshii-e in ihree Parlia- 

Titled Rllatives and IIeib. 

(Xoel-RUl.) ' ■ 

Sist. of present (Sfh) JJn. (granted rank of a Bn.'s 
dau. 1901) : 

ilon. Mary Sclina iV.-//., b. 1875. Res., with the 

(Pkesent Baron, b. 1877.) 

Aunt of present Tin. (granted rank of a Bn.'s dau. 

(The Za<e7th Baron, b. 1:847, d- 1397.) 
Hon. Anue N.-II., b. 1853. Res., Cronkhill, Siirews- 

Heir pres. to Barony (a 1st cous. once rem., grand- 
son of 4th Bn.) : 
llev. Charlks N.-H., Br.A.., b. 184S, mar. iSoi 
Edith Mary, dau. of the late Rev. Riou G. Benson. 
Res.,, The Rectory, Church Stretton R.S.O., Salop. 
{2nd heir, his son Charles Michael Wentv.'orth, 
b. i8g7-) 

BERWICK, Baron's Widow. The Lady B. 
(Ellen, dau. of Herr Bruckspatron Nystrom, of 
Sweden), mar. 1869 7th Bn. Berwick (d. 1897). 

BESSBOROUGH, Earl of. Rev. Walter 
William Brabazon Fonsonljj (pron. Pun'sonby), 
7th Earl [Irel.), sits a? Bn. Ponsonby (6-7. Br.); 
'M.A., late Rector of Stutton, Ipswich : bro. of 
5th and 6th Earls and son of 4th ; b. Aug. 13, 
1821 ; sue. 1895 {L.U.) ; mar. 1850 Lady Louisa 
Susan Comwaliis Eliot, dau. of 3rd E. of St. 
G-ennans. Seats, Bessborough, Piltown R.S.O., 
Co. Kilkenny ; Garryhill, Bagenalstown, Co. 
Carlow; town res., 38 iSccleston Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Bessborough, 1721 ; Vise. Dun- 
cannon, 1723; E. of Bessborough, 1739. Gt. Br.: Bn. 
Ponsonby (of Sysonby), i749- U.K. : Bn. Duncannon, 
1834.— This Peerage commenced with Wm. Ponsonby, 
M.P. for Co. Kilkenny and a P.C., who received the 
Irish Barony and Viscty., his son liecomiug an Earl and 
an Imperial Bn. The U.K. Barony was added to the 4th 
Earl, who was afterwards Lord Lieut, of Ireland. 

Titled Relatives. 


Issue of present {^th) E. : 

Vise. Duncannon, C.V.O. (1903), C.B. (Civ. 1895), heir 
to Earldom : Edv/ard P., a D.L. and C.C. for Kil- 
kenny, Lieut. R.N. retired, barrister-at-law, was 
Sec. to Speaker (Peel) of H. of Commons : b. 1851, 
mar. 1875 Blanche Vere Guest, sist. of ist Bn. Wim- 
borns. Res., Bessborough and Garryhill, with the 
Earl ; 17 Cavendish Sq.., W. Issue : 
Hon. Olwen Verena, now The Ladu Oranmore 

and Browne, b. 1876, mar. 1901 3rd Bn. O. & B., 


Hon. HelenasBlanche Irene, now Hon. Mrs. John 

Congreve, b. 1878, mar. 1904 John C, Esq. Res., 

Mount Congreve, Waterford, 
Hon. Vere Brabazon p., 2nd heir, B..A.., bariistor- 

at-law, snd Lieut. S. of Ireld. Imper. Ycom.: 

b. 1880. 

Hon Cyril Myles Brabazon P., TtE.V.O. (sth Class, 
igoi), Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in S. Africa 
1903, now A.D.C. to Gov. of Ceylon : b. iGiBi. 

Hon. Bei tio Brabazon P. ; b. 1883. 

Hon. Gweneth Frida P., b. i3S8 

Lady Maria P. (" May "), b. 1832. Res., with the Earl. 
Hon. Cyril Walter P., Lieut, of City of London : b. 

1853, mar. 1893 Emily H. Eyre, dau. of Rcv..H. 

Addington (Hon. Mrs. Cyril P.). iJes., 31 Grosvenor 

Rd., S.W. ; 55 Wilbury Rd., Hove, Brighton. 
154, ma 

Chas. Jackson, of Jamaica (Hon. Mrs. Granville 

Hon. Granville P., Chief of Police, St. Lucia, W. I 
b. 1854, mar. 1S79 Mabel, dau. of ihe late Hon. 

P.). Res., Choc Castries. St. Lucia. 
Hon. Arthur Cornwallis P., b. 1856. 
Lady Ethel J emima, now The Ladij Raglan , b. 1857, 
j mar. 1883 3rd Bn. R., q.v. 

Hon. Walter Gerald P., barrister-at-law, b. i8s9, , 
I Lady Sara Kathleen, now Lady Kathleen S]dnnery. 
h. i8&r, mar. 18S3 Chas. L. Andrewes S., Esq. 
iies., 57 Eccles ton 8q., S.W. - 

j Surviving issue of 4th E. (bros. and sist. of present): 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1809, d. childless 1880.) I 
liady Augusta Lavicia Priscilla, now Giss. of Kerry ' 
(by courtesy; more strictlyLady Augusta Gore), b. j 
1814— see under M. of Lansdowne. ! 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1813, d. unmrrd. 1895.) ; 
i (Present Eakl, b. 1821.) j 
i Rt. Hon. Sir Spencer Cecil Brabazon Ponsonby-Fane, j 
i G.C.B., b. 1S24, see art. under " Fane." 

I Hon. Gei-ald Henry Brabazon P., formerly Priv. See. ! 
to E. of Clarendon and Vise. Palmerston, attached .j 
to Earl Granville's Mission to Russia 1856 : b. 1839, ' 
mar. 1838 Lady Maria Emma Ca.the.rine Coventry', '} 
sist. of 9th E. of Coventry (raised to rank of an' 
Earl's dau.). J?s8., 3 Stratford PI., Oxfbrd St, , W." - j 

— • Dau. -in-law : .1 
Lady Maria E. Cath. P., see preceding. 

BEST, family name of Wynford Barony, q.v. 
for "Hons." ' ' 

BETHELL, f ainily name of Westbury Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons." 

BETHELL, Col. Edward Hugh, D.S.O, 
(1900-1), R.E., Afghn. 1878-80, S. Africa 1899- 
1902 as A.A.G. : b. 1854. 

BETHUNE {pron. Beetun), family name of 
Lindsay Earldom, q.v. for Hon. Archibald. 

BEV AN, Knight's Widow. Lady i?. (Louise, 
dau. of the late Niven Kerr, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir 
Alfd. H. Bevan, late Sheriff of Lond. and Middx. 
(d. 1900). lies., 39 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs, David, dau. of 1st Vise. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edmund, dau. of 5th Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edwyn, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Moleswoiiih. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs, James, dau. of 3rd Vise. 
Sidmouth. ^ - . ... 

BEVAN, Lady Mary Wilfreua, dau. ot gth' 
Earl Waldegrave. ^ i 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs, Yorke, dau. of 10th Bn.- 

BEVERIDGE, Maj. Wilfred Willia^i' 
Ogilvy, D.S.O. (1902), R.A.M.C. ; 8. Africa 1902 : 
b. 1864. 

BEVERLEY, Bishop, of. Rt. Rev. Robert 
Jarratt Crosthivaite, D.D., Bp. Suff. in York' 
Dioc, Archdn. of York, and Rect. of- Boltop: 
Percy, formerly Vie. of St. Lawrence's, York;- 
b. 1837, cons. 1889, mar. 1887 2nd wife, lies., Thfe|: 
Rectory, Bolton Percy R.S.O., Yorks. 

BEVERLEY, Earl of (Gt. Br. 1790)— see 
" Northumberland, D. of." | 

BBVILLB, Gen. George Francis, C.B. (Mil. I 
1893), I. A., Supernum. List; Mutiny, 1S57-9, : 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1880-1, cornd. a 2nd j 


Baronetage J Knightage.y .<k.c. 



class Dist. of Bombay 1889-94 : b. 1837. Res., 
41 Asbley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BBWLE Y, Knight. Sir EdmuxXU Thomas Bew- 
ley, Kt. Bach. (1898),- M.A., LL.D., late Judge of 
Supr. Ct. of Ireld. and Judic. Commissr. Ir. Land 
Commssn., appd. Q.C. 1882, formerly Reg". Prof, 
of Feudal and Eng. Law in Dubl. Univ., author 
of various leg. and other works : b. 1837, mar. i866 
Annie Sophia Stewart, dau. of Hy. C- CoUes, Esq. 
5es., 40 Fitzwilliam PL, Dublin. 

BEYJSTON, Maj. "William Gteorge Lawrence, 
D.S.O. (1895), I.A, Black Mountn., Chitral, and 
Tirah Expedns,, SomalikL 1901, formerly Assist. 
Mil. Sec. to Ind. G-ovt. : b. 1866. 

BHANUWONGSE (H. E.), Chad Phya, Maha 
Kosa, Tihoditi PhraUang^'K.Q.'M.Q. (Hon. 1880), 
of Siam. 

V* Tho explanation of this series of titles has been 
courteously supplied us from the Siamese Lejiation: 
Chao Fhya is the highest title in the nobility, taken as 
equal to Duke [Phya alone equals Marquess), while 
Maha Kosa corresponds to His Grace or His Lordship, 
30 that " Chao Phya Bhanuwoiigse, Maha Kosa " may be 
rendered "His Nobility the Duke Bhanuwongse " '(the 
English prefix of H.E. being rendered superfluous), 
rhe additional words Tihodi ii Pkraklang imply 
" Administrator of Finances." 

BHASKYAM IYENGAR ~ see " Aiyangar." 

BHATAWADEKAR, Sir Bhalchandea 
Krishna, Kt. Bach. (1900), Chmn. of Standing 
IJmttee. Bombay Munic. Corp., and Judge of the 
Sigh Ct. : b. 1852. Be.i., Bombay. 
1 BHAUNAGUR-see following. 
ThakurSahebSir,K.C.I.E. (1904), of Bhaunagur. 

BHOPAL, Begum of. H.H. the Nawab Sultan 
lAHAN, G.C.LE. (1904). 

*** Like her predecessor who died in 1901 and was a 
Ir.C.S.I., she is the only lady in the British Dominions 
j I'ho bears a title of Knighthood. 

I BHOWNAGGREE, Knight. Sir Mancherjee 
Ierwanjee Bhownaggree, K.C.I.E. (1897), M.P. 

! orN.E. Bethnal Gm. '{ C), barrister-at-law (Line. 

I nn), Fell. Bomb. Univ., late Judic, Counc. and 

1 ead of State Agency, Bhaunagur, is a memb. 

if League of Mercy : b. 1851, mar. 1872. Bes., 196 

liromwell Rd., S.W. 
BLiNCARDI, GRECH-, Lt.-Col. Nicola, 
I.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Roy. Malta Militia, and 
blonial A.D.C. to the Governor, Bes., 6 Strada 
an Marco, Vaietta. 

BICKERSTETH, Bishop (retired). Rt. Rev. | 
Idward Henry BlcJcersteth,!).!)., late62ndBp. of 1 
Ixeter (1885-igoo), prev. Dean of Gloucester : b. 
J25, mar. 1876, and wife. Bes., 95 "Westbourne 
err. , W, 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Lavinia Louisa, dau, 
f 6th E. of Abingdon. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Margaret, dau. of 4th 
1 . of Ashburnham. 

I BIGKFORD, Vice-Adm. Andrew Kennedy, 
I.M.G. C1885), Japan 1863, on Irish Coast and 
I . operations in Egypt and Sumatra, late Capt. 
! ipt. of Sheemess Dckyd. and Naval A.D 0. to 
} ueenVictoria, now Com.-in-Ch. on Pacific station : 

1844. Ohib, U. Serv. 
i BIDDULPH, Baron. Michael Biddulph, 1st 
I a. ( U.K.), a D.L. for Herefordsh., an M.P. 1865- 
loo, a partner in the banking firm of Cocks, 
] iddulph, and Co., and a Dir. of the Economic 
! ife Assur. Co. : son of Robert Biddulph, Esq., 
I .P. ; b. Feb. 17, 1834; or. -Baron 1903 (C.) ; mar., 
j t, 1864, Adelaide Georgiana (d. 1872), dau. of 
Hon. Gen. Jonathan Peel, M^P. ; andly, 1877, 

Lady Elizabeth Philippa {nee Yorke), V.A., dau. 
of 4th E. of Hardwicke and widow of Hy. J. 
Adeane, Esq., M.P. Seats, The Park, Ledbury, 
Herefs. ; Kemble House, Cirencester; town res., 
19 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W, 

Cheaxion. U.K. : Bn. Biddulph, 1903. 




The deceased AcLelsL Margaret Mary -B., b. i36s, d. 1876. 
Hon. Edith Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Charles Bell, b. 1866, 
mar. 1891 Chas. Wentworth B., Esq. Res., Bronsil, 
Eastnor, Ledbury, Herefs. 
Hon. Violet Maud J5., b. i858. 

Hon. John Michael Gordon 5. , heir to Barony, b. 

1869, niar. 1896 Marjorie, dau. of Col. Wm. Mure, of 

Caldwell, N.B. Res.. 6 Eaton PI., S.V/. (znd heir, 

his son Michael William, b. 1898.) 
Hon. Claud William B., a D.L. for Herefordsh., 

b. 1871. 

BIDDULPH, Baronet. Sir Theophilus 
George Biddulph, 8th Bt. {Eng. 1664), son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1874, sue. • 1883. Heir pres., a remote 
(3rd) cousin, William Hugh B. (b. 1869; no 
2nd heir). Bes., ruiflxed. 

BIDDULPH, Knight. Gen. Sir Robert Bid- 
dulph, G.C.B. (Mil. 1899), G.C.M.G. (i885; 
K.C.M.G. 1880), R.A. retd. (1902), served in 
Crimea, Mutiny, China, &c.. High Commissr. in 
Cyprus 1879-86, has been Dir.-Gen. of Mil.Educ. 
and twice Q,.M.G. to the Forces, late Gov. of Gib- 
raltar: b. 1835, mar. 1864, as 2nd husb., Sophia, 
dau. of Rev. Anth. L. Lambert, and widow of 
Richd. S. Palmer, Esq. Res., 3 Hyde Pk. St., W. 

BIDDULPH, Knight's Widow. Lanv B. 
(Katharine, dau. of Capt. Stamati, Comdt. of 
Balaklava), mar, 1857 Gen. Sir Mich. A. S. 
Biddulph, G.C.B. , Gentn. Usher of the Black 
Rod (d. 1904). Res., Hampton Ct. Palace. 

BIDDULPH, Lady (Sarah) Wilfreda, dau, of 
1st E. of Selbome. 

BIDIB, Surg.-Gen. George, CLE. (1883), 
M.B., F.Z.S., an Hon. Surg, to H.M., retired 
from Army 1890 ; is attached to numerous 
learned Socs. : b. 1830, Bes., Bridge of Allan, 

BIGGE, Knight. Lt.-Col. Sir Arthur John 
Bi'rie, G.C.V.O. (1901), K,C.B. (Civ, 1895), 
K.C.M.G. (1901), I.S.O. (1903), R.A. retd., served 
in Zulu War, now an Extra Equerry to H.M. and 
Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales: 
b. 1840, mar. 1881 Constance dau. of the late Rev. 
Wm. F. Neville. Res., Warren Lodge, Thui-sley, 
Godalming; Colour Ct.. St. James's Pal., S.W. 

BIGGS, Maj. HexNRyVero, D.S.O. (1898), R.E., 
Zhob Valley 1884, Burma 1885-7, N,W. Front. 
1897-8 : b. i860. 

BIGGS, YEATMAN-, BisHOP-see ''South- 
wark." His wife. Lady Barbara Caroline Y.-B., 
is a dau. of 4th E. of Dartmouth (q.v.). 

BIGHAM, Knight. Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bigham, Kt, Bach. (1897), officially " Mr. Justice 
Bigham," a Judge of Bankruptcy Div. of the 
High Ct. (thence "Hon.") and Pres. of the 
Railway Commissn., appd. Q,.C. 1883, late an 
M.P. : b. 1840, mar. 1871 Georgina, dau. of Jno. 
Rogers, Esq. , of Liverpool. Res., 22 Grosvenor PL, 
S.W. ;, 652 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C., and 
Goldsmith Bdg., Temple, E.C. 

BIGHAM, Capt. Charles Clive, C.M.G. 
(1901), Res. of Officers, late Gren. Gds. ; China 
1900 ; has been Hon. Attache to Brit. Legat. at 
Peking, St. Petersburg, and Constantinople, now 
on Intell, Div. at Headqrs; : b, 1873 (son of Mr, 
Justice Bigham). Bes., 22 Grosvenor PI., S.W. 

144 BIG 

Directory of Peerage, 


BIGNOLD, Knight. Sir Arthur Bigiiold, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), M.P. for Wick Burghs (C), 
B.A., LL.B., F.E.G.S., F.Z.S., formerly of Lond. 
Stock Exchge. : b. 1839, widower. Seats &c., 
Loch Kosque Castle, Dingwall, Ross-sh. ; Strath- 
bran Lodge and Cabuie Lodge, Achonall, R.S.O., 
same Co. : toivn rp.s., 56 A Pall Mall, S.W. 

BIKANIR. the Maharaja of. Maj. H. H. 
Raj Eajeshwar Shiromani Shri Sir Ganga Singh, 
Bahadur, K.C.S.I. (1904), K.C.I.E. (1901), aRuling 
Chief of India, served in China 1900, an Hon. 
A.D.C. to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales : b. 1880, 
mar. 1897. Res., Bikanir, Rajputana. 

BILIOTTI, Knight. Sir Alfred BiUotti, 
K.C.M.G. (1896), C.B. (Civ. 1890), late Consul- 
Gen, at Salonica, formerly for island of Crete, 
prev. Cons, at Trebizond ; superintended exca- 
vations of Halicamassus, and discovered Necro- 
polis at Rhodes : b. 1833, mar. 1889 a French 

BINGHAM, family name of Lucan Earldom 
and of Clanmorris Barony. Index to the two 
lines (all " Honourables ") : 

Albert Edwd. l. Clare Alice, c. Hugh T. de B. c. 
Albert Yelvrtu. c. Edwd. B. S. u. lerne Maude, c. 
Alex. Tredc. i.. Eleanor C. A. c. Ina Florence, c. 
Arthur M. R. c. Emily I. Flor. c. Isabella C. S. c. 
Barbara Violet, l. Eras. Richd. l. Jno. Denis Y. c. 
Barry Jno., Mrs. c. George C. Fatk. l. Lionel Ernest, l. 
Burton, Mrs., c. George Rodk. B. c. Richard, Adm. l. 
Cecil Edwd. l. Harriette I. M. c. Richd. Ger. A. c. 

BINGHAM, Baronet. Col. Sir John Edward 
Bingham, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), a Dir. of large 
industrial concerns in Sheffield, Hon. Col. 1st W. 
Rid. R. E. Vols., has been twice Master Cutler 
of Sheffield : son of the late Edward Bingham, 
Esq., b. 1839, mar. 1863 Maria, dau. of Wm. 
Fawcett, Esq. IIc>i\ his son Albert Edward, 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. R.E. Vols. (b. 1868; no 2nd 
heir). Bes., West Lea, Ranraoor, Sheffield. 

BINGHAM, Lord [b?/ courtesy), eld. son and 
heir of E. of Lucan, q.v. (title subst. for Lord 
Lucan, using the fam. name). 

BINGHAM, SMITH-, Maj. Oswald Buckley 
Bingham (i.e. O. B. Bingham Smith -Bingham), 

D. S.O. (1901), 3rd Drgn. Gds. ; S. Africa 1901-2: 
b. 1868. 

BINNIE, Knight. Sir Alexander Richard- 
son Binnie, Kt. Bach. (1897), M.I.C.E., lateEngr. 
toL.C.C, constructed the new Blackwall Tunnel ; 
prev. in Pub.Works Dept. India : b. 1839, widower. 
Bes., 77 Ladbroke Grove, Notting Hill, W. ; 
offices, 9 Gt. George St., Westmr., S.W. 

BINNIE, James, I.S.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools, Scotld. : b. 1842. 

BINNING, Lord (% courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Haddington. The title in the Earl- 
dom is "Bn. of Binning and Byres " {Scot. 1613). 

BINNY, Capt. Steuart Scott, D.S.O. (1902). 
19th Hussars ; S. Afiica 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

BIRCH, Knight. Sir Autiiur (Nonus) 5i>c7«, 
K.C.M.G. (1886), Agent to Bank of England, 
Burlington gdns. ; acting Gov. of Brit. Columbia 
1866-7, aftds. Lt.-Gov. of Penang and Ceylon : 
b. 1837, widower. Bes., 1 Old Burlington St., W. 

BIRCH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (May, 
dau. of Capt. Geo. P. Burden), mar. 1S68, as and 
wife, Lt.-Gen. Sir Richd. J. H. Birch, K.C.B. (d. 
1875). Res.,% Loraine Terr., King's Rd., Fulham, 

BIRCH, Maj. Edward Massy, D.S.O. (1900-1), 

E. A., S. Africa 1899-1903, now as a Remount 
Offr. : b. 1875. 

BIRCH, Ernest Woodford, C.M.G (igoo),Gov. 
of Labuan (with Nth. Borneo, Sarawak, aaid 

Brunei), formerly held posts at Malacca, Singa- 
pore, &c. : b. 1857. Bes., Govt, House, Labuan, 
and Do., Sandakan, Nth. Borneo; Wolverton, 
Bexhill-on-Sea R.S.O. 

BIRCH, Maj. James Richard Kemmis, D.S.O. 
(1902), Cheshire Regt. ; Soudan 1885, and on Staff 
in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BIRD, Knight. Gen. Sir George Corrib 
j Bird, K.C.I.E (1899), C.B. (Mil. 1889), LA. 
Supernum. List, served in Mutiny, Afghanistan 
187^-80, Tochi 1897, late comdg. Oudh Dist., prev. 
Chin Hills : b. 1838, mar. 1872 Emily Ellen, dau. 
of the late Maj .-Gen. Hy. D. Manning. 

BIRD, Christopher John, C.M.G. (1901), 
Princ. Under Sec. in Natal, in C.S. of that Colony 
from 1874 : b. 1855. Res., Pietermaritzburg. 

BIRD, Lt.-Col, Spencer Godfrey, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Ptoy. Dubl. Fus. ; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1854. 

BIRD, Col. Stanley George, C.B. (Civ. 1902), 
V.D., Hon. Col. 1st Middx. Pdf. Vols. retd. : b. 
1837. Bes., Ashdown House, Tunb. Wells; 7 
Park PI., St. James's, S.W. 
BIRD, Lt.-Col. Wilkinson Dent, D.S.O. 
j (1900-1), Roy. W. Sun-ev Regt. ; Niger 1897, 
N. W. Frontier, S. Africa with Mtd. Inf. 1899-1900, 
I now Ch. Instr. to Sch. of Musketry : b. 1869. 
Bes., School of Musketrj', Hvthe. Kent. 

BIRD WOOD, Knight. Sir George Christo- 
pher Moleswokth i?!rc?M>ooc?, K.C.I.E. (1887; Kt. 
Bach. 1881), C.S.I. (1877), M.D.,LL.D., late special 
assistant in Rev. and Commerc. Dept. of India 
Office, formerly of Bombay Med. Staff (served in 
Persian Campaign 1856-7) and Prof, of Anatomy, 
Botany, &c., in Grant Coll.. Bombay, since then 
holding numerous C. S. and scientific apptmts., 
was Sheriif of Bombay 1864, a Kt. of Grace St. 
John Jerus. : b. 1832, mar. 1856 Frances Anne, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Tolcher, Esq., R.N. Club, 
St. Stephen's. 

BIRD WOOD, Herbert Mills, C.S.I. (1893), 
M.A., LL.D., late Puisne Judge and Memb. 
Counc. of Bombay, is Vice-Chanc. Bomb. Univ., 
author of legal, botanical, and other works: b. 
1837. Bes., Dalkeith House, Cambridge Pk., 
Twickenham ; chamh., 3 New Sq., Line. Inn, W.C. 

BIRKBECK, Baronet. Sir Edward Birkhech, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1886), a D.L. for Norfolk, a Pub. 
Works Loan Commissr., Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus., and Chmn. Roy. Nat. Lifeboat Inst., 
an M.P. for N. and E. Norfolk 1879-92 : son of the 
late Hy. Birkbeck, Esq., b. 1838, mar. 1865 the 
following. Heir, ncme. Seat, Horstead Hall, Nor- 
wich ; town res., 10 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

BIRKBECK, Hon. Lady, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Hylton (q.v.) and wife of the preceding. 

BIRKBECK, Col. William Henry, C.B. ; 
(Mil. 1902), late King's Drgn. Gds. ; Hazara and 
Chin Lushai 1888-9, S. Africa 1899-1902, now a 
D.A.A.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1863. Bes., 47 Dake 
St., St. James's, S.W. 

BIRKIN, Lt.-Col. Richard Leslie, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Maj. S. Notts. Imper. Yeom. ; S. 1 
Africa 1899-1902, now an Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army: i 
b. i852. 

BIRLEY, Col. Richard Kennedy, C.B. (Civ. ' 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 7th Lanes. 
Vol. Artill. : b. 1845. Bes., Cambridge St., Maa- : 

BIRMINGHAM, Baron (? Irel. temp. Edward 
III.)— see "Gormanston, Vise," with note. 

BIRT, Knight. Sir William Birt, Kt. Bach. 
(1897), V.D., A.I.C.E., late. Gen. Man. of Gt. | 
Eastern Railway, now on Bd. of Dirs., also of 11 

BIS Baronetage, Knightage, <S^c. BLA 145 | 

Metropol. Rail., late Hon. Col. Eail. and Engr. 
Staff Corps : b. 1834, mar. 1872 Constantia Mary 
Ann, dau. of Matt. W. Thomas, Esq. Bes., 
Devonshire House, Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

BISCOE, Lt.-Gen. William Walters, C.B. 
(Mil. 1896), Hon. Col. 19th Lancers, I. A. ; Afghn. 
1878-80, 2nd MiranzaiExpedn., has been A.A.G. 
Bengal: b. 1841. Res., 80 St. Brannock's Rd., 

BISHOP, Capt. Frederick Edward, D.S.O. 
(1901), Beds. Eegt. (Mil.) ; Ashanti 1900 : b. 1872. 

BISSET. Knight. Col. Sir William Sinclair 
Smith Bisset, K.C.I.E. (1897), R-E., M.A., served 
in Afghan War 1878-80, ret. 1898 ; has been Sec. 
;o Pub. Works Dept. and Dir.-Gen. of Rails, in 
[ndia : b. 1843, mar. 1888 Henrietta Mary, dau. of 
[it.-Gen. Wm. P. La Touche. Club, U. Serv. 

BLACK, Knight. Sir Samuel Black, Kt. Bach. 
1892), Aid. and Town Clerk of Belfast, prev. 
fown Solicitor : b. 1830, mar. 1853 Ellen, dan. of 
he late Saml. Archer, Esq. lies.. Glen Ebor, 
Jtrandtown R.S.O., Co. Dovra. 

BLACK, Maj.-Gen. Wilsone, C.B. (Mil. 1879), 
Mmean, Kaffir, and Zulu Wars; has been in 
omd. in Jamaica and Hong Kong, A.Q.M.G. in 
<r. Scotia and A.A.G. at Gibraltar, ret. 1899 : b. 
;837. Cluh, Jun. U. Sen^ 

BLACKADER, Capt. Charles Gcinand,D.S.O. 
1900-1), Leic. Regt. ; Niger 1897-8 and S. Africa 
■899-1902: b. 1869. Bes., The Hall, Broughton 
v-stley, nr. Rugby. 

BLACKBURN, Lady Constance Frances, 
au. of 13th E. of Strathmore. 

BLACKBURNE, Capt. Charles Harold, 
,).S.O. (igo2), Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1900-2, 
Low Manager of Horse Breeding Dept. there : b, 
1,876. Bes., Standerton, Transvaal. 

BLACKBURNE, Col. Robert Ireland, C.B. 
Mil. 1902), Hon. Col. (formerly Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
ird Batt. S. Lanes. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1, 
5 a D L. for Lanes. : b. 1850. Bes., Hale Hall, 
, r. Liverpool ; Orford Hall, Warrington. 

BLACKETT, Baronet. Sir Edward William 

nackett, 7th Bt. {Eng. 1673), Hon. Maj.-Gen., 

srved in Crimea : son of 6th Bt., b. 1831, sue. 
[385, mar. 1871 Hon. Lady B. (as below). Heir, 
lis son Hugh Douglas (b. 1873; 2nd heir, next 

m, Arthur Edward, b. 1874). Seat, Matfen Hall, 
I fewcastle-on-Tyne . 

\ BLACKETT, Baronet's Widow (remrrd). 
j>owagerLADY B. (Alethea Rianette Anne, dau. 
! I the late Gen. Wm. Hy. Scott) , mar. , ist, 1880, as 
! th wife, Sir Edwd. Blackett, 6th Bt. (d. 1885) ; 
iadly, 188S, Hy. G. Holt, Esq.— title retained by 
I ght. Bes., The Grove, Ropley, Alresford, Hants. 
\ BLACKETT, Hon. Lady, dau. of 17th Bn. 
.omerville (q.v.) and wife of the above Bt. 
I BLACKMORE, EDMaN Gordon, C.M.G. (1901), 
'lerk of Parliaments to Austral. Commonwealth, 
[ )rmerly Clerk to H. of Assembly, S. Aust., and 
\ X Exam, in Hist, to Adelaide Univ. : b. 1837. 
f ddress. Parliament House, Sydney. 
BLACKWOOD, Baronet. Sir Francis Black- 
ood, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1814), Capt. R.N. retd. (1886), 
Tved in Crimea : son of 2nd Bt. and bro, of 3rd, 
1838, sue. 1854, mar. 1871, 2nd wife, Dorothy 
ranees, dau. of the late Rev. E. H. Quicke. Heir, 
I s son Henry Robert Temple (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
'tter's son Henry Palmer Temple, b. 1896). 
; Ittft, U. SeiT. 

! BLACKWOOD, Lady Alicia, sist. of 8th E. of 

[■ mily name of Dufferin Marquessate, q.v. for 

"Lords " and " Ladies," with Lord Basil Black- 
wood. I 

BLAGROVE, Col. Henry John, C.B. (Mil. I 
igoo-i), late 13th Hussars; Afghn. 1879-80, Egypt i 
1882, South Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1854. Bes., | 
Thui-ston Granger, Gt. Barton, Bury St. Edmds. | 

BLAIN, Knight. Sir William Arbuthnot [ 
Blain, Kt. Bach, (1897), Pres. of Conserv. Assoc. 
of Nottingham, Dir. of Dist. Bk., Chrtm. of High I 
School, Med. Aid Inst., &c. : b. 1833, mar. i860 | 
Harriet Ann, dau. of Jas. Allen, Esq., of Hands- \ 
worth. Bes., The Park, Nottingham. 

BLAINE, Knight. Sir Charles Frederick 
Blaine, Kt. Bach. (1889), knighted for services in 
promoting the S. African Customs Union : b. 18—, 
mar. 18— Helen Mary, dau. of Thos. Howie, Esq. 
Bes., Jetty St., Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony. 

BLAINE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lydia 
Letitia Purvis, dau. of Sir Timothy V. Stonhouse, 
14th Bt.), mar. 1881, as 2nd wife, Sir Robt. 
Stickney Blaine, a former M.P. and Mayor of 
Bath (d. 1897). Bes., Summerhill, Bath. j 

BLAIR, Capt. Arthur, D.S.O. (1900-1), King's j 
Own Scott. Bords. ; Soudan 1898-9, S. Africa 
1900-2 as an A.D.C., now D.A.Q.M.G. in Cape ! 
Col. Dist. : b. 1869. | 

BLAIR, Col. Frederick Gordon, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Aamy, late Leic. Imper. 
Yeom. ; S, Africa 1899-1900, a D.L. for Ayrsh., 
was High Sheriff of Rutland 1886 : b. 1852. Bes., 
AshweU Hall, Oakham ; Blair, Dairy R.S.O., 

BLAIR, Gen. James, C.B. (Mil. 1889), Uffi 
(1858), Hon. Col. 32nd Lancers, LA. ; Mutiny 
1857-9, fc«merly Polit. Res. at Aden: b. 1828. 
Bes., PaviKon, Melrose, Roxb. 

BLAIR, HUNTER-, Baronet. Rev. Sir David 
Oswald Hunter-Blair, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1786), 
M.A., was Chamberlain of Sword and Cloak to 
Popes Pius IX. and Leo XIII., a monk of 
the Order of St. Benedict and Master of 
Hunter-Blair' s Hall, Oxford ; formerly Capt. 
Ayr and Wigtown Mil. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, 
sue. 1896. Heir -pres., his bro. Edward, Com. 
R.N. retd. (b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, latter's son James, 
b. 1889). Bes., The Abbey, Fort Augustus, 
Inverness; 9 Beaumont St., Oxford. 

BLAKE, family name of Wallscourt Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Langham. Sir Patrick 
James Graham Blake, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1772), 
formerly Lievit. in Suffolk Mil. : son of the late 
Rev. Hy. B. Blake and grandson of 4th Bt., b. 
1861, sue. 1880, mar. 1883 Emma Gertrude, dau. of 
the late Thos. P. Dawson, Esq. Heir, his son 
Cuthbbrt Patrick (b. 1885 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 1st 
cous. once rem.. Col. George Pilkington B., b. 
1835). Seat, Bardwell Manor, Ixworth, Bury St. 

BLAKE, Baronet o/J/entow^A. Sir Valentine ; 
Blnke, 14th Bt. {Irel. 1622), High Sheriff of Co. | 
Galwav 1872, formerly Hon. Maj. Galway Mil.: j 
son of 13th Bt., b. 1836, sue. 1875, mar. 1864 1 
CamiUa Eugenia, dau. of Harvey Combe, Esq. 
Heir, his son Thomas Patrick Ulick John 
Harvey (b. 1870; 2nd heir, next son, James 
Herbert, b. 1874). Seat, Menlough Castle, 

BLAKE, Knight (1). Sir Ernest Edward 
Blake, K.C.M.G. (1901), one of the Crown Agents 
for the Colonies, ent. Colon. Off. 1863 and was late 
head of Gen. Dept., Priv. Sec. to Sees, of State 
1872-9: b. 1845, widower. Bes., Hawkshill, 
Leatherhead, Suirey ; 4 Whitehall Gdns., S.W. 


146 BLA Directory of Peerage^ BLO 

BLAKE, Knight (2). Sir Henry Arthur 
Blake, Q.CM.Gc. (1897; K.C.M.G. 1888), Gov. of 
Ceylon, prev. of Hong Kong. Jamaica, the Ba- 
hamas, Newfoundland, &c., and one of five special 
magistrates in Ireland, Kt. of Justice St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1840, mar. 1874, 2nd wife, Edith, dau. 
of Ralph Bernal-Osborne, Esq., and sist. of Dchss. 
of St. Albans. Bes., Queen's House, Colombo, 
I Gevlon; Mvrtle Grove, Youghal, Co. Cork. 

BLAKE,' Col. Arthur Maurice, C.B. (Civ. 
1897), a D.L. for Herts., High Sheriff of Rutland 
1887, 1 ite Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 1st Vol. 
Batt. Beds. Regt., formerly Capt. Gren. Gds. : b. 
1852. Bfis., Banesburj', Welwyn, Herts. 

BLAKE, Henev Claude, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1903), Athlone Pursuivant of Arms and Priv. Sec. 
to Ulster King : b. 1874. Res., 22 Morehampton 
Rd., Dublin. 

BLAKE, Col. Maurice Charles Joseph, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), V-I)-, a D.L. for Mayo (High Sheriff 
1864), late Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. 
Connaught Rangers (Mil.) : b. 1837. Ties., Tower- 
hill, Ballyglass R.S.O., Co. Mayo. 

BLAKE, MaJ. Napoleon Joseph Rudolph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Midds. Regt. retd. ; Zululd. and 
Boer "War 1899-1901 : b. 1853. 

BLAKE, Hon. Mrs. Valentine, dau. of 3rd 
Bn. De Ereyne. 

BLAKENEY, Capt. Herbert Norwood,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Middx. Regt. ; Boer War 1900-2 : b. 1871. 

BLAKENEY, Maj. Robert Byron Drury, 
D.S.O. (1898), R.E., Dongola and Khartoum, 
comd. a Balloon Section in S. Afr. War 1900, 
aftds. a Dep. Assist. Dir. of Rails. : b. 1872. 

BLAKER, Knight. Sir John George Blaker, 
Kt. Bach. (1897), four times Mavor of Brighton: 
I b. 1854, mar. 1890 Lily Ooiven. .Res., The 
Romans, Stanford Avenue, Brighton. 

BLAKEY, James, I.S.O. (1902), Actuary, and 
Princ Clk. in Nat. Debt OfSce : b. 1851. 

BLAKISTON, Baronet. Sir Horace Nhvile 
BlaMston, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1763), son of the late 
Rev. Horace M. Blakiston and nephew of 4th Bt. ; 
b. 1861, sue. 1883. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Edward (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, their nephew Ai'thur 
Frederick, b. 1892). lies., LjTiton, "Westby Rd., 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BLANC, Knight. Dep. Surg. -Gen. Sir Henri 
Jules Blanc, K.C.V.O. (1901), I.M.S. retd. ; sei-ved 
in Crimea, China i85o-2, Abyssinia 1867-8, having 
aceompd. Mission to Emp. Theodore and been kept 
a prisoner by him for nearly two years, being in 
1 consequence awarded a gratuity of £2000 by 
j Engl. Govt. ; aftds. Prof, of Surg, at Grant Med. 
Coll. Bombay, now a Cons. Surg, at Cannes : 
b. 1831, mar. 1877 Stella, dau. of Eyre B. Powell, 
Esq., C.S.I. Bes., Villa Manouka, Cannes. 

BLANDFORD, Marquess of {hy courtesij—iitle 
Eng. 1702) , elder sonand heir of D. of Marlborough. 
For the ex-Mchss. see under "Abercoru." 

BLANE, Baronet. Lt.-Gen, Sir Seymour 
John Blane, srdBt. {U.K. 1812), C.B. (Mil. 1871), 
served in Crimea and Mutiny, was A.D.C. to 
Earl Canning and has been Mil. Sec. to three 
successive Viceroys of India ; ret. 1881 as 
Lt.-Gen., and is Maj. -Gen. Reserve of OfBcers: 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1833, sue. i86q. mar. 1903 the 
widow of Henry Blake, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 
^eir^res., his nephew Charles Rodney B., Lieut. 
R.N. (b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, latter's bro. James Pit- 
cairn, b. 1883). Bes., 37 Lowndes St., S.W. 

BLANFORD, William ThomaS; CLE. (1904), 
late of Geolog. Survey of India. 

BLANTYRE Barony {Scot. iGoS), exCzV^cMgoo 
on death of 12th Bn. (surname Stuart). 

Surviving Representatives. 
Issue of last {i2th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary S., b. 1845. 

Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Lady Baird, b. 1846, mar. i86;|; 
Sir David B., 3rd Bart, of Newbyth, q.v. 

Hon. Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. vVilliam Hy. Glad- 
stone, b. 1845, mar. 1875 the late Wm. Hy. (?., Esq. 
(d. 1891), eld. son of Et. Hon. W. E. Gladstone. Res.. 
Hawarden House, Flints., nr. Chester (with her 
bro.-in-law H. N. Gladstone, Esq.) : 41 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Dau. ofiUhBn. ( of 12th) : 

(The late xsth Baron, b.^SiS, d. 1900.) 
Hon. Caroline Henrietta, now Caroline, Ciss. of Sea- 
field, q.v., b. 1830, mar. 1850 7th Earl of S. {d. 1881). 

BLENKINSOP, Lt.-Col. Layton John, D.S.O. 
(1898), Khartoum, and S. Africa 1899-1902, Senior 
Vet. Offr. in Egypt, formerly Prof, in Lahore 
Vet. Coll. : b. 1862. 

BLENNERHASSETT, Baronet. Sir Row- 
land Blennerhassett, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1809), D. es Sc., 
late Pres. of Queen's Coll. Cork, and Senator Roy. 
Univ. Ireld., a D.L. for Keny (High Sheriff 1866), 
a Commissr. of iSatl. Educ. in Ireld., an M.P. 
1805-74 and 1880-5 : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1839, sue. 
1849, mar. 1870 Couiitess Charlotte de Leijden. Heir, 
his .son Arthur Charles Bernard (b. 1871 ; 
2nd heir, next son, William Paul Rowland Lewis, 
b. 1882). Res., Queen's Coll., Cork. 

BLENNERHASSETT, Col. Blennerhasset 
MoNTGOMERiE, C.M.G. (1896), R.A.M,C., 
F.R.C.S.I., Ashanti 1895-6, now Acting Princ. 
Med. Cffr. for Rawal Pindi Dist. : b. 1849. 

BLEWITT, Col. William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1900-1), late R.A. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, late Sec. 
to Ordn. Cmttee., now Conidt. Sch. for Horse and 
Fd. Artill. : b. 1854. Res., The Manor House, 

BLEZARD, Hon. Mra. George, dau. of 7th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

BLIGH^ family name of Darnley Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons." (is also surname 
of infant Bnss. Clifton) . 

BLISS, Knight. Sir Henry William Bliss, 
K.C.I.E. (1897), B.A., L.C.C late Memb. Counc. 
Gov. of Madras, prev. an Addit. Memb. of that 
of Viceroy: b. 1840, mar. 1900, 3rd wife, 
Florence, dau. of Sir Fredk. J. Bramwell, 1st Bt., 
F.R.S. Res., 10 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BLISSETT, Comsry. Henry Frederick, C.M.G. 
(1874) , Ashanti 1873-4, iield numerous apptmts. in 
Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, &c., and was Commissr. 
of Accts. in Falkld. Is. ; ret. 1885 : b. 1847, 

BLOCK, Adam Samuel James, C.M.G. (1895), 
Ch. Dragoman and Orient. Sec. at Constantinople : I 
b. 1856. -i4c7(^?-eA-s, Brit. Emb., Constantinople, j 

BLOEMFONTEIN {pron. Bloomfontayn), | 
Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur Chandler, D.D., 
5th Bp., late Vic. of Poplar, prev. Chapl. to Bp. 
of Salisbury, was Select Preacher at Oxford 1891, 
cons. Bp. 1902. Res., Bishop's Lodge, Bloemfon- 1 
tein. Orange River Col. j 

BLOIS, Baronet. Sir Ralph Barrett Mac- 
naghten Blois, 9th Bt. {Eng. i685), a D.L._ for 
Suff olk, Capt. Reserve of Officers, formerly Lieut. ' 
Scots Gds. : son of 8th Bt., b. i856, sue. 1888,' 
mar. 1898 Winifred Grace Hegan, dau. of Col. j 
Edmd. H. Kennard. Heir, his son GervabE; 
Ralph Edmund (b. 1901 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Eardley Stuart, b. 1869). Seat, Cockfield Hall,| 
Yoxford, Saxmundham, Suffolk. j 

BLOIS, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady B. \ 
(Eliza Ellen, dau. of the late Capt. Alt. Chapman, 


B.N".), mar. 1865 Sir Jno. R. Blois, 8th Bt. (d. 
i888) . Ilea., 8 Ennismore Gdiis. , S. Kens. . S.W. 

BLOMEFIELD, Baronet. Sir Thomas Wilmot Blomeji.eld, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1807), C.B. 
(Civ. 1903), Einanc. Assist. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
has been Priv. Sec. to successive Presidents : son 
of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1878, mar. 1874 Lilias, 
dau. of the late Maj. Hon. Chas. Napier, son of 8th 
Bn. Napier of Merchistoun. Heir, his son Thomas 
Charles Alfred, Lieut. E.N. (b. 1875 ; and 
heir, next son, Nigel Napier, b. 1877). lies., 6 
The Grange, Wimbledon Common, S.W. 

BLOMEFIELD. Baroxet's Widow. Dowager 
Lai)v B. (Fanny, dau. of the late Ptev. Jno. D'A. 
J.Preston), mar. 1853, as 2nd wife. Rev. SirThos. 
E. W. Blomefield, 3rd Bt. (d. 1878). Bes., St. 
John's, Wakefield. 

BLOMFIELD, Kxight. Adm. Sir Eichard 
Massie Blomfield, K.C.M.G. (1904), Controller- 
Gren. of Egyptian Ports and Lighthouses ; served 
.Vl Crimea, and Egypt 18S2 : b. 1835, mar. 1877 
Rosamund Selina, dau. of the late Bp. Graves, of 
Limerick. i?e9.. Port House, Alexandria. 
1 BLOMFIELD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
Rara Louisa, dau. of M. J. Eyan, Esq.), mar. 
i 887, as 2nd wife. Sir Arthur Wm. Blomfield, 
A.E.A., Architect to Bank of England (d. 1899). 
Springfield, Bioadway E.S.O., Wore. 

BLOMFIELD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 
904), D.S.O. (189S), Nile 1898, S. Africa 1899- 
902, now comdg. Harri^mith and Natal Siib-Dist., 
jvas A.A.G. Bombay 1857-8: b. 1855. Bes., 
larrismith, S. Africa. 

BLOOD, KyiGUT. Lt.-Gen. Sir Bindox Blond, 
r..C. B . (Ivlil. 1 896) , Il.E . , served in Jowaki E xpedn. , 

I). Africa 1879, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt, and 
;hitral, comd. Frontier Field Forces 1897-8 ; aftds. 
n comd. of a Div. in S. Africa, and the troops 
n the Punjab : b. 1842, mar. 1883 Charlotte 
Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Auckland Colvin, K. C.S.I. 
tffi., Cranagher, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
BLOOMFIELD, Baron's Widow. The Lady 
5. (Georgifi,na Bloomfield, nic Hon. Georgiana 
. .iddf.ll), dau. of 1st En. Eavensworth, b. 1822, 
iir. 1845 2nd Bn. Bloomfleld (d. 1879 and title 
v.tinrj) . Bes., Biumfleld House, Hertford. 
I BLOOMFIELD, Hon. Mrs. Frederick., dau. of 
1 ^t Bn. Playf air. 

i ELOSSE, LYNCH-, Baronet. Sir Henry 

• j/nrJi-Blosse, 11th Bt. {Trel. i522), son of loth 
t., b. 1857, sue. 1893. Heir pres., his bro. 
apt. EoBEET L.-B. (b. iS5i ; 2nd heir, next bro., 
rancis, b. i853). Seat, Athavaliie, Balla R.S.O., 
0. Mayo. 

: BLOUNT, Baronet. SirWALTEROE Sodino- 
-)N Blount, gth Bt. {Engr. 1642), a D.L. for 
^orcestersh. : son of 8th St., b. 1833, sue. i88i, 
ar. 1874 Elizabeth Anne Mould, dau. of Jas. Z. 

j 'illiams, Esq., of Cader Idris. Heir, his son 
'alter Aston (b. 1876; 2nd heir, next son, 
iward Pujbcrt, b. 1884). Club, Brooks's. 

( BLOUNT, Knight. Sir Edward Charles 

• 'ount, K.C.B. (Civ. 1878), Brit. Consul at Paris 
I iring the siege in 1871 : b. 1809, widower ; is 
jl icle of preceding. Bes., Imberhome, E. Grin- 
pad, Sussex ; 59 Rue de Courcelies, Paris. 

BLUNDELL, Col. John Eyles, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
he 57th Regt. ; China 1853, Afghn. 1879-80, 
■iirma 18S5-90, was A.A.G. Madras 1882-7, ret. 
[ 00 : b. 1843. Club, Army and Navy. 

J pt. Dermot Howard, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
i X)), King's Roy. Rif. Corps, a comrade of H.H. 

BLY 147 

the late Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig- 
HcLstein ; S. Africa 1809-1900, now A.D.C. in 4tii 
Amiy Corps : b. 1874. Jtes., 12 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

Col. Hknrv, C.B. (Mil. 1887), B.A., M,P. for Inee | 
Div. (C), a D.L.ior Lancashire; Crimea and Nile j 
1884-5, I'et. 1889: b. 1831. Bes., Ashurst Lodge, 
Sunninghill, Ascot ; Deysbrook, nr. Liverpool ; 
10 Stratton St., Piccadilly, W. 

BLUNDEN, Baronet. Sir William 
4th Bt. Urel. 1766). B.A., M.B., L.E.C.S.L, i 
L.M.K.a.C.P. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1840, sue. 1890, | 
mar. 1879 Florence Caroline, dau. of Hy. Shuttle- 
worth, Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1880 ; 2nd I 
heir, next son, Eric Overingtnn, b. 1892). Bes., \ 
Castle Blunden, Kilkenny. | 

BLUNT, now the family name of the Cromartie 1 
Earldom (no representative) . 

BLUNT, Baronet. Sir John Harvey Blunt, 
8th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1720), late Capt. Eoy. Dub. Fus., 
served in Indian Mutiny 1857-9: bro. of 7th Bt. 
and grandson of 3rd, b. 1839, sue. 1902, mar. 1870 
Susan, dau. of P. Hoad, Esq. I/eir, his son .John | 
Eakvey (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir next son, Walter ! 
Cecil, b. 1877). Bes., The Priorv, Jjamberhurst, I 
Kent. I 

BLUNT, Bishop— see "Hull." \ 

BLUNT, Knight. Sir John Elijah Blunt, Kt. I 
Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1878), late Cons.-Gen. at j 
Boston, U.S.A., prev. at Salonica, was a Ch. | 
Interpr. in Crimean War, and has held several i 
diplomatic apptrats. : b. 1832. Club, Athenaeum. ', 

BLUNT, Lady Anne Isabella Noel, dau. of 
1st E. of Lovelace. j 

BLUNT, Lady Florence Catherine, dau. of ; 
5th M. of Hertford. i 

BLYTH, Baronet, Sir James Bh/th, 1st Bt. ! 
{U.K. 1895), F.E.S.S. and a Manager of Roy. Inst., 
an extensive agriculturist, is on the Exec, of Brit, 
Emp. League, a Gov. of the Gordon Memor. Coll. i 
at Khartoum, also of St. Barthol.'s Hosp., and i 
Gov. or Yice-Pres. of numerous Agrio. Soes. (Dairy j 
Fanners', Jersey Cattle, National Poultry, &c.), | 
also a Dir. of W. & A. Gilbey, a memb. League of i 
Mercy: son of Jas. Bl>-th, Esq., of Chelmsford; i 
b. 1S41, widower, //c;/-. his son Herp.ert William j 
(b. i853 ; 2nd heir, next son, James Audlcy, b. j 
1874). Seat, Blythwood, Stansted, Es3ex,_ nr, I 
Bp.'s Stortford ; tovm res., 33 Portland PL, W. | 

BLYTH, Bishop — see "Jerusalem." j 

BLYTHSWOOD, Barox. Archibald Camp- ' 
BELL Campbell, Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
LL.D., V.D., Lord Lieut, of Eenfrewsh. and a 
D.L. for Lana,rks. a,nd Co. of City of Glasgow, 
an A.D.C. to H.M., Hon. Col. 3rd V"ol. Batt. 
Highld. L.I., and of 4th Batt. Prss. Louise's ■ 
Highldrs. (Mil.), formerly Lt.-Col. of Scots Gds. 
(served in Crimea), twice an M.F. : son of Archi- | 
bald Douglas, Esq. (aftds. Campbell), of Mains and | 
Blythswood ; b. Feb. 22, 1833 ; cr. Bn. 1892 {G.) ; I 
mar. 1804 Hon. Augusta Clementina Carington, i 
dau. of 2nd Bn. Carrington. Seat, Blythswood 
House, Renfrew; toivn res., 2 Scamore PL, 
Curzon St., W. ' 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1880 ; Bn. Blythswood, i3ga 
(wit'a remainder to his bros. in default of male i.ssuej 
—Descended from the same line as the Dukes of Argyll. | 
An ancestor had in 1705 exchanged his patronymic for 1 
Douglas, but the preseat Peer's father restored the other 
name. \ 

Heir pres. (under above remainder), his next Iro. : 
Rev. Sholto Douglas Car,ipbell-Dougla8, M.A., b. 
1839, mar. 1839 Violet Mary, dau. of late Gon. Lord I 

Baronetage, Knightage, dx. 

M 2 

148 BOA 

Directory of Peerage, 


Alfred H. Paget, C.B., assumed 1869 inaddition the 
former surname Douglas. Res., Douglas Support, 
Coatbridge, Lanarks. (2nd heir, liis nephew 
Archibald James Hamilton Douglas Cnmphell, 
son of deceased 2nd bro., b. 1884.) 

BOAK, Knight. Hon. Sir Egbert Bonl:, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), Pres. Legisl. Counc. of Nova Scotia 
—hence "Hon." i?es., Halifax, N.S. 

BOAEDMAN", Vice-Adm. Frederick Eoss, 
C.B. (Mil. 1885), Egypt 1882, Soudan, and Nile 
Expedns., ret. 1899: b. 1843. Bes., 50 Grange 
Ed., Eiling, W. 

BOBBILI, Eaja of. Maharaja Sir Vencata- 
SVETA CiiHALAPATi Eanga Eao, Bahadur, 
K.C.I. E. (1895), an M.L.C. Madras, has erected 
several pub. bdgs. at Bobbili, is hered. Eaja of 
Bobbili, but Maharaja is a personal title only : 
b. 1862, mar. thrice. Ees., Bobbili, Vizagapatam, 

BOCduET, EoLAND EoscoE Charles, CLE. 
(1878), was Engr. on Scinde and Delhi and Sth. 
Amer. Eails., rendered spec. sein^. during Madras 
Eamine 1876 : b. 1839. Res., VilliersEd., Southsea. 

BODE (Bode), Maj. Louis William, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 1st Eoy. Scots.; Zululd. 1879 and 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. i85o. 
BODKIN, Knight's Widow (;•«?«/■;■<?. and known 
[ as Mrs. Si'ver : Sarah Constance, dau. of J. J. 
I Miles, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1865, as 2nd wife. Sir Wm. 
I H. Bodkin, Assist. Judge Middx. Sessions (d, 
1874) ; 2ndly, 1875, S. W, Silver, Esq. Bes., 
Letcombe Manor, Wantag'e, Berks. ; 3 York Gt., 
Eeg. Pk., N.W. 

BODLE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Brit. S. Af r. Police ; Boer War 1900, now in comd. 
of Amalgd. Divs. oi same Police ; b. 1853. JRes., 

BOEHM. Baronet. Sir Edgar Collins Boehm, 
2nd Bt. {U.K. 1889), F.E.G.S.,son of 1st Bt. (a 
distinguished sculptor and Eoyal Academician) , 
b. 1870, sue. i8go. Heir, none. Bes., Bents- 
brook, Flint Hill, Dorking ; Wetherby House, 25 
Wetherby Gdns., S.W. 

BOEVEY, CEAWLEY-, Baronet. Sir Thomas 
Hi'DE Craivley-Boeveij, 5th Bt. [Gt. Br. 1784), 
V.D., Yerderer of Dean Forest, Hon. Col. 2nd 
Vol. Batt. Glouc. Eegt. retired, formerly Lieut. 
69th Foot, High Sheriff of Glouc. 1882 : son of 
4th Bt., b. 1837, sue. 1862, mar. 1865 Frances 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Eev. Thos. Peters. 
Heir, his son Francis Hyde (b. i858 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son Launcelot Yalentine Hyde, b. 1900). 
Seat, Flaxley Abbey, Newnham, Glouc. 

BOILEAIT, Baronet. Sir Maurice Colborne 
Boilcau, 3rd Bt. ( U.K. 1838). M.A., a D.L. for Nor- 
folk and for City of Norwicli : son of 2nd Bt., 
b. 1865, sue. 1900. Heir pres., his bro. Eaymond 
Frederic (b. i858 ; 2nd lieir, a son of late Edmond 
B., 3rd son of 1st Bt.). Seats, Ketteringham Park, 
Wymondham, Norfolk ; Ilethel and Tacolne- 
stone Halls, both near Norwich. 

BOILEAIT, Baronet's Widow. Ladv^. (Lucy 
Henrietta, dau. of Sir Geo. E. Nugent, 2nd Bt. 
1 of Waddesdon), mar. i860 Sir Fras. Geo. M. 
Boileau, 2ndBt., F.S.A. (d. 1900). Bes., Kettering- 
ham Pk., as above. 

BOILEAU, Col. Francis William, C.B.' (Mil. 
1891), I. A. Supernum. List; Mutiny 1857-9, 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1878-9 : b. 1835. Bes., 
Elstowe, Camberley, Surrey. 

BOLAND, Capt. Simon B., D.S.O. (1902), 
Clnsland. Contgt. ; S.Africa 1901-2: b. 1875. Bes., 

BOLINGBEOKE ai?d gl\ JOHN {pron. Sin'- 
jun), Yiscount. Yernon Henry St. John, 6th 
Yisc. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., a minor : son of 5th Y. ; 
b. March 15, 1896 ; sue. 1899. Seat, Lydiard Pk., 
Swindon, Wilts. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. 1611. Gt, Br, t Vise. Boling- 
broke and Bn. St. J ohn of Lydiard Tregoze, 1712 ; Vise. 
St. John and Bn. St. John of Battersea, 1716.— The second 
pair of creations elevated Sir Henry St. John, 4th Bt. 
(a descendant of the ancestors of the St. John of Bletso 
liny.), to the Viscty. of St. John ; the former pair had 
already been granted to his eldest son, the statesman 
and writer so well known as the friend and patron of 
Pope. (Tlie Roll of the Peers still gives this title with 
a blank, apparently as the resulr, of the mystery observed 
by the late Peer as to his marriage and the birth of an j 
heir. It may thus remain till the present Viscount I 
grows up and substantiates his claim.) 1 

Heir Presumptive. 
Rev. Maurice William Ferdinand St. John, D.D. 
Canon of Gloucester, grandson of 3rd Vise, and 
rst eous. once rem. of present ; b. 1827 ; widower. 
Res., The Cloister House, Gloucester, (and heir, his 
son Henry Percy, b. 1854.) 

BOLINGBEOKE and ST. JOHN, Yiscount's 
Widow. Yiscountess B. & St.-J. (Mary Emily 
Elizabeth, dau. of Eobt. Howard, Esq.), mar. 
1893 5th Yisc. Bolingbroke (d. 1899). Bes., with 
present Yisct. 

BOLITHO, Maj. William Edward Thomas, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj. in Army and Maj. 
Eoy. 1st Devon Imper.Yeom.; S. Africa 1899-1901 : 
b. 1862. Bes., York House, Penzance. 

BOLS, Capt. Louis Jean, D.S.O. (1900-1), Devon 
Eegt. ; Burma 1891-2, Chitral Belief, and S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1867. 

BOLSOYEE, Baron {U.K. 1880)— see "Port- 
land, D. of." 1 

BOLTON, Baron. William Thomas Orde- 
Powlett (pron. Powlet,as in/owl), 4th Bn, {Gt.Br.), | 
aD.L. and C.C. for North Eid. of Yorks.,lateHon. ! 
Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. Yorks. Hussars Imper. i; 
Yeom.: son of 3rd Bn.; b. Jan. 31, 1845; sue. 1895 ji 
(C.) ; mar. i858 Lady Algitha Frederica Mary r 
Lumley, dau. of 9th E. of Scarbrough. Seats, |, 
Bolton Hall {destroyed), Leybum E.S.O., Yorks. ; | 
Hackwood Pk., Basingstoke, Hants. i 

Creation. Bn. Bolton, Gt. Br. 1797.— The ist Bn., 
Thos. Orde, was Secretary to the Treasury, and after- 
wards to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, also a P.C. 
of that kingdom. On inheriting ]iart of the estates of 
the 5th Duke of Bolton he adopted the additional name of ' 
Powlett (that borne by the Dukes having been Pawlet 
or Paulet; the title was attached to the AVinchester 
Marquessate so long as it lasted, 1689-17941. 

TiTLKD Relatives. 
Issue of present {^th) Bn. : 

Hon. William George Aloar O.-P., hair to Barony, 
a D.L. for N. Rid., Maj. 1st Vol. Batt. Vorks. Regt.: 
b. 1869, mar. 1893 Hon. Elizabeth Mary Gibson, 
dau. of ist Bn. Ashbourne (Hon. Mrs. Orde- 1 
Powlett). Res., AVensley Hall, Leybum R.S.O., 
Yorks (2nd heir, his son William Percy, b. 1894). 
The deceased Algitha Alkelda Brenda 0.-P.,h.& d. 1871. 
The late Rhoda Lelia Alice O.-P., b. 1875, ri- ^890. 
Hon. Myra Rowena Sibell, now Mchss. of Exeter, b. 
1879, mar. 1901 sth Marq. of E., q.v. 

Surviving issue of^rd Bn. (bros. and sist. of pres.) : ; 

(Present Baron, b. 1845.) ; 

Hon. Henry Robert O.-P., M.A., ban-ister-at-law, b. ; 
1846, mar. 1877 Henrietta Cathcart, dau. of J no. R. i 
de Trafford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Henry O.-P.). Res.,[ 
2 Queensberry PI., S. Kens., S.W. 

Hon. Jean Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus Cathcart, 
b. 1848, mar. 1866 Col. Hon. Aug. Muixay G., son 
of 2na Earl Cathcart, q.v. 1 

Hon. Amias Lucien O.-P., M.A., formerly Lieut., 
N. Riding Rifle Vols. : b. 1855. Res., Low Wood 
House, Leyburn R.S.O., Yorks. . 

BOL Baronetage^ Knightage, (^c. BOO 149 

. Sists. -ill-law ofsrd Bn. (aiints of present) : 

(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1818, d. 1893.) 

Hon. Mrs. Thomas O.-P. (Elizabeth Jane, dau. of 
Marmaduke Wyvill, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Thomas O.-P. (granted, with his brc, 
the rank of a Bn.'s son ; d. 1894). Res., Lochiel 
House, LeybumR.S.O., Yorks. 

Hon. Mrs. Amias O.-P. (Aime Martha, dau. of 
(.'hristopher Topham. Esq.), mar. 1852 the late 
Hon. Amias Charles O.-P. (d. 1899). Res., Thomey 
Hall, Spennithorne, Leybum R.S.O., Yorks. 

BOLTON, Knight's Widow (remrri.). L.\dy 
B. (Julia Maria, dau. of the late R. Mathewy, Esq.) , 
mar., ist, i856. Col. Sir Fras. J. Bolton (d. 1887) ; 
' 2ndly, 1890, Wm. A. Rixon, E.sq. — retaining title 
I by courtesy. Res., Alfoxton Pk., Holford, Bridg- 
water ; tipp. Turkdean Manor, Northleach 
i E.S.O., Glouc. 

j BOLTON, Chaeles W.vltkk, C.S.I. (1897), 
i late Ch. Sec. to Bengal Govt, and a memb. of 
Counc. of Viceroy, now Acting Cli. Commissr. 
Assam : b. 1850. 

BOLTOUN, Baeon {Scot. i624)-see "Lauder- 
dale, E. of." 

BOMBAY, Bishop of. Et. Rev. Walter 
; RuTnVEN Fym. "Stli Bp., late 6th Bp. of Mauritius, 
I formerly Vicar of Rotherham : b. 1856, cons. 
; 1898, trans. 1903, widower. Ess., Malabar Hill, 
1 Bombay. 

I BOMFORD, Lt.-Col. Gerald, CLE. (1903), 
j M.D., I.M.S., Princ. of theMedical Coll. Calcutta ; 
i Perak 1875-6: b. 1851. Res., Med. Coll., &c. 
i BOMPAS, Bishop— see " Selkirk." 
! BONCAMBI (Ital, spelling "Boncambj"). 
j Contessa Federico Pucoi, dau. of late Ctss. of 
j Newburgh. 

j BOND, Archbjshop — see " Montreal." 

BOND, Knight's Widow e?emfio;0- Lady 
I B. (Caroline Frances, dau. of the late Rev. R. H. 
I Barham, author of 'Ingoldsbv Legends'), mar. 
j i847Edwd. A. Bond, Esq., C.B.Jate of Brit. Mus., 

who was nominated for K.C.B. 1898, but died 
; before investiture : she was aftds. granted rank of 
I a Kt's. widow. Res., 64 Prince's Sq., Bavswater, 


' BOND, Priv. Corxc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
: Sir Robert Bond, f.C. [Gt. Br. i902\ K.C.M.G. 
; (1901), LL.D., Pi-em. and (3rd time) Colon. Sec. of 
I Newfoundland, formerly SpeaTcer of House of 
j Assembly, was official Delegate to Fishery and 
I Reciprocity Confs. : b. 1857. Bef., Sf. John's, 

I BOND, Lieut. Charles Earbery, D.S.O. (1902), 

i Roy. Sussex Regfc. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 
BOND, Engr. Com. Edmund Edward, D.S.O. 
(1898), R.N., Nile Flotilla 1898: b. 1865. 

' BOND, Lt.-Col. Francis George, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.E., Zululd. 1879, Egypt, Hazara 1891, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 1836. Club, 

' XT. Serv. 

BOND, Maj. Reginald Copleston, D.S.O. 
(igoo-i), Yorks. Lt. Inf.; Zhob Fd. Force 1890, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1866. 

BOND, Lt.-Col. Wensly James Hodson, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I.A., Bui-ma 1885-8, Chin-Lushai 
1889-90, Chitral Relief, Dongola, N.W. Frontier 
1897-8, and China : b. 1854. 

BOND, Maj .-Gen. William Dunn, C.B. (Mil. 
1886), Zululd. i879,Transvaal 1881, retired 1893 : b. 
1836. Res., Dullerton, Londonderiy. 

BONHAM, Baronet. Sir George Francis 
Bovham, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1852), M.A., Brit. Min. 
in Servia, late Sec. to Embs. at Rome and Madrid 
and to Legat. at the Hague : son of 1st Bt., b. 
1847, sue. 1863, mar. 1871 Louisa, dau. of Rt. Hon. 

Sir And. Buchanan, 1st Bt. Heir, his son Capt. 
George Lionel B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Eric Henry, b. 1873). /Seaf, Knowle, Cranleigh, 
Guildford ; res., Brit, Legat., Belgrade. 

BONHAM, Lt.-Col. Walter Floyd, D.S.O- 
f 1902), Essex Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902, now Mil- 
Attache at Paris with rank of Lt.-Col., late Spec. 
Serv. OSv. in' SomaUld. : b. 1869. Bes., Brit. 
Embassy, Paris. 

j BONSER, Priv. CouNC. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir John Winfield Bonser, P.O. {Gt. Br. 1901), 
Kt.Bach. (1894), M.A., late Ch. Justice of Ceylon, 
prev. of Straits Settmts., where he had been 

j Attom.-Gen., was formerly an Inns of Ct. 

: Examiner, is a memb. of Judic. Cmttee. of P.O. : 

I b. 1847, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, Mary Catherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hon. Sir Wm. J. Colville, 
K.C.V.O., bro. of 9th Bn. Colville of Culross. 
i?eA'., 3 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BONTINE, GRAHAM-, Hon. Mrs. William, 
sist. of 14th Bn. Elphinstone. 

BONUS, Maj. William Joh.v, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Dorset Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902, late D.A. A.G. 
Belfast Dist. : b. 1862. 

BONYTHON, Knight. Six- John Langdon ! 
Bonython, Kt. Bach. (1898), proprietor of the i 

I Adelaide Advertiser and other journals. Pres. S. \ 
Austral. Sch. of Mines and Chron. of Govt, j 
Agric. Coll., also of Adelaide Sch. Bd., a memb. I 
of first House of Repres. of Austral. Common- j 
wealth : b. 1848, mar. 1870 Marie Louise Frederica, I 
dau. of D. F. Balthasar, Esq., of Berlin. Bes., \ 
Carclew, Adelaide, S.A. ! 

BOOKER, Knight. Sir William Lane ! 
Booker, Kt. Bach. (1894), C.M.G. (1886), late 

! Cons.-Gen. at New York, prev. Cons, and Post 

1 Office Agent at San Francisco : b. 1824. widower. 

! Res., 13 Berkeley House, Hay Hill, Berkeley Sq., 
W. 1 

] BOOKEY, Col. John Thomas Beowneigg, C.B. 

I (Mil. 1900-1), I.M.S., Jowaki 1877-8, Mahsud j 

1 Waziri, Burma 1886-7, Hazara 1888, Miranzai, ; 
Waziristan 1894-3, N.W. Front. , and China 1900-1 , , 
now Princ. Med. Offr. Bengal : b. 1846. Bes., Fort ■ 
William, BengaL | 
BOON, Capt. George, D.S.O. (igoo-i), E. Kent | 
Regt., late Qmr. and Hon. Capt. ; Malay States ' 

I 1874-5, S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1846. Res., The j 
Homestead, Wastboro, Canterbury. I 

BOORD, Baeonet. Sir (Thomas) William 
Board, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1896), V.D., F.S. A., partner 
in the firm of Boord and Son, distillers, a Gov. of St. 
Barthol.'s Hosp., a Dir. of Lond. and Prov. Bk., 
and memb. of Roy. Inst., an M.P. 1873-93 and 
retd. Capt. 1st Vol. Batt. King's Roy. Rifle Corps : 
son of the late Joseph Boord, Esq., of Harefield 
Grove ; b. 1838, mar. 1861 Margaret, dau. of the 
late Thos. G. Mackinlay, Esq. Heir, his son 
William Aethur (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Harry Percy, b. 1868) . Seat, Oldbury PI. , Ightham, 
Kent ; town res., 36 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

BOOTH, Peiv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Chables 
Boofh,T.G. {Gt. Br. 1904), D.C.L., F.R.S., F.R.S.S. 
(late Pres.), a noted authority on the condition 
of the poor, a subject upon which he has written 
many works ; a partner in Alfred Booth and Co., 
ship-owners, Liverpool : b. 1840, mar. 1871 Mary, I 
dau. of Charles Zaehary Macaulay, Esq. Bes., i 
24 Gt. Cumberland PL, W. [ 
BOOTH, Maj. William Heney, D.S.O. (1900-1), j 
E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as A.D.C., j 
now a Recruiting Staff Officer: b. 1862. ' 

150 BOO 

Directory of Peerage, 


BOOTH, GOEE-, Bauonet. Sii- Josslyn 
Augustus Eichard Gore-Booth, 6th Bt. {Trd. 
lySo), formerly ijieut. 5th Batt. Eoy. Munst. Pus. 
(Mil.) : son of 5tn Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1900. Heir 
^)re.^•., his bro. Mokdaunt (b. 1878 ; 2nd heir, their 
1st cou.?. once rem., llobert Hemy G.-B., b. 1838). 
ScoAs, Lis.sad.eli, nr. Siigo. 

BOOTH, GOEE-, Baronet's Widow. Lady 
G.-B. (Georgina Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. 
Chas. J. Hill), mar. 1867 Sir Henry W. Gore- 
Booth, 5th Bt. (d. 1900). llts., -with present Bt. 

BOOTH, SCLATER-, family name of Basing 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BOOTHBY, Baronkt. Sir Brooke Booihby, 
nth Bt. {Eng. 1660, desig-. 1644), See. to Brit. 
Legat. at Brussels, prev. at Tokio and Eio, and 
2nd. Sec. in Brit. Emb. Paris: son of loth Bt., 
b. 1856, sue. 1865. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Francis (b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Eev. 
Herbert Cecil B., b. 1863). Res., Brit. Legation, 

BOOTHBY, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Martha Serena, dau. of the late Eev. Chas. 
IBoothby), mar. 1852 her 1st cousin, Eev. Sir 
Brooke Wm. E. Boothbv. loth Bt. (d. 1865). 

BOOTHBY, JosiAfi,'C.M.G. (18-78), formerly 
Under Sec. and Govt. Statist, S. Australia : b. 
1837. Adelaide. 

BOPPE, LuciEN, CLE. (1885). Hon. Dir. of Seh. 
of Eorestrv at Nancv, France : b. 1834. 

BOE, Col. James Henry, C.M.G. (1899), Acting 
A.A.G. to E.M.A.; various services in Crete, 
Bombay, and Cyprus, and as a Turk. Intsrp., is 
an A.D.C. to H.M., and was A.D.C. to H.E.H. 
the present Prince or Wales during his Colonial 
tour, now an Extra Equerry: b. 1857. duh, U. 

BOEDEN, Knight. Hon. Sir Frederick 
William Bordru, K.C.M.G. (1902), M.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., Minister of Militia and Defence, 
Dominion of Canada, Hon. Col. Canad. Mil. 
Army Med. Corps and a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1847, mar. 1884, 2nd v,'ife, Bessie B. 
Clark". ^6s., Ottawa; Canning, Xova Scotia. 

BOEEEL, Baronet. Sir Jacob Willem 
Gustaaf Bored, loth Bt. {Eng. 164s), Burgomaster 
of Haarlem and Gent, of Privy Chamber to the 
Queen of the Netherlds. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, 
sue. 1883, mar. 1898, 2nd wife, Cornelie Marie, 
dau. of H. M. van Weede, Chambn. to the late 
King of Holland. Tievr pres., his 2nd cous. 
Alfred Montalto B. (b. 1849 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
nephe-w Francis William Eobert B., b. 1882). 
Res., Wateiiand, Velsen, Nth. Holland. 

*** The pedigree of this line has been omitted to be 
registered, but ' Burke ' gives it complete and accepts the 
above Bt. without demur. 

BOEINGDON, Baron {Gt. Br. 1784)— see 
" Morley, E. of." 

BOEINGDON, VisrouxT (/).y courlesu^iitlQ 
U.K. 1815), eld. son and heir of E. of Morley. 

BOEEADAILE, Col. George William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1882), R.A., Egyptian Campaign 1882, ret. 
1894, was A.A.G. Bombay 1884-9 : b. 1838. 

BOEEADAILE, Lt.-Col. Harry Benn, D.S.O. 
(1895), Burma 1885-9, Sikkim, and Chitral 

Belief : b. i860. 

BOEEETT, Maj.-Gen. Herbert Charles, C.B. 
(Civ. 1902), Abyss. 1867-8, late Insp.-Gen. of 
Auxil. Forces and Eocmiting at Headqr-s., ret. 
1903 : b. 1841. Res., 23 Porchester Sq., W. 

BOEEO WES, Baronet. SirKiLDAREi?or/-owes, , 
10th Bt. {Ird. 1646), a D.L. for Kildare (High 
Sheriff 1902), Lt.-Col. retd. (1895), formerly Maj. j 

nth Hussars: son of gth Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1898, 
mar. i885 Julia Aline, dau. of the late Wm. 
Holden, Esq., and sist. of Lady Howard de 
Walden. Heir pres., bro. Eustace (b. i856; 
2nd heir, their half -bro. Walter, b. 1892). Seat, 
Barretstown Ca^stle, Ballymore Eustace, Naas, Co. 

BOEEO WES, B.\ronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Florence Elizabeth, dau. of the late Wm. 
Euxton, Esq.), mar. 1887, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Erasmus D. Borrowes, gth Bt. (d. 1898). Res., 
The Seasons, Ballvmore Eustace, as above. 

BOETHWICK," family name of Borthwick 
and Glenesk Baronies— seethe former (below) for 
Hons. Gabrielle and Isolde, and the latter for 
Hon. Oliver Andrew. 

BOSTHWICK, Baron. Archibald Patrick 
Thomas Borthwick, 17th Bn. {Scot.): son of 
16th Bn. ; b. Sept. 3, 1867; sue. 1885; mar. 1901 
Susanna Mary, dau. of Sir Mark J. MacTaggart- 
Stewart, 1st Bt-., M.P. Heir, none. Seats, 
Eavenstone Castle, Whithorn E.S.O., Wig- 
townsh. ; town res., 2 Upp. Grosvenor St., W. 

Cre.\t!on. Ld. Borthwick, Scot. 1452.— Sir "Wm. Borth- 
wick, Keeper of Edinljurgli Castle, is given as the ist 
Peer, and 'Burke' relates of him that he was "promi- 
nent among the magnates who habitually plundered the 
Customs." The Peerage has been more than once dor- 
mant through reluctance of the successors to assume the 
title, llecently it was a question whether it was open to 
female succession, but it never has been so held. We 
read in ' Burk3,' " No insfcrumant of creation is extant, 
but the investitures of the lands seem to have been to 
heirs male." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {lyth) Bn.: 

Hon. Isolde Frances B., b. 1903. 
Issue of 16th Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Gabrielle Margaret Ariana B., h. i3j6. 
(Pkesent Baron, b. 1867.) 

Hon. Alice Rachel Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Campbell, b. 1868, mar. 1803 Capt. Alex. Straton C. 
Res., Hockcliffe Grange, heighten Buzzard. 

Hon. Violet Dagmar Marion Olga, now Hon. Mrs. 
I-ewis Freeland, b. 1871, mar. 1900 Capt. Lewis 
Grey F. Res., Stoke, Clare R.S.O., Suffolk. 

Hon. Mary Frances Harriet, now Hon. Mrs.Chaloner 
Dowdall, b. 1876, mar. 1807 Harold ChalonerD., Esq. 
Res., 28 Alexandra Drive, Liverpool. 

Daus. ofiyh Bn. de Jure (ist cousins of present, 
the 15th and i5th having been bros.) : 
Hon. Louisa Ramsay, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Wylie, 
mar. 1873 Col. Hy. P. Miles W. Res., Chelmarsh 
Hall, Bridgnorth, Shropshire. 
Hon. Mary Catherine, now Hon. Sirs. William Spens, 
b. 1846, mar. 1870 Wm. Geo. 5., Esq. iies.,3Bol- 
grave PI., Edinburgh. 

BOETHWICK, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Harriet Alice, dau. of T. Hei-mitage 
Day, Esq.), mar. 1865 16th Bn. Borthwick (d. 
1 885) . Res. , Eavenstone, Whithorn E. S. 0. , Wig- 
tow nsh. 

BOETHWICK, Master of, title of heir to 
above Barony when a son. 

BORTHWICK, Lt.-Col. Alexander, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1903), Ch. Const, of the Lothians and 
Peebles-sh., late Eifle Brigade : b. 1829. Res., 35 
Palmerston PL, Edinburgh. 

BOETON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Caroline Mary Georgina, dau. of Eev. Jno. F, 
Close), mar. 1850 Gen. Sir Arth. Borton, G.C.B., 
formerly Gov. of Malta (d. 1893). Res., 105 Eaton 
PL, S.W. 

BOETON, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (MiL 
1,902), Norfolk Eegt. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Burma 
1887-9, and S. Afrioi 1901-2 : b. 1857. 


Baronetage, Knightage, (&c. 



BORWICK, Knight. Sir Egbert Hudson 
Borwich, Kt. Bach. (1902), b. 1845, J^ar. 1872 Caro- 
line, dau. of Rev. B. D. Johnston. Res., Eden 
Lacy, Lazonby R. S . O . , Cumbd . ; 1 6 Berkeley Sq. ,W. 

BOSCAWEN, family name of Falmouth Vis- 
county, q.v. for " Hons, " and " Ladies" (mrrd.). 

BOSCAWEN-ROSE, Baron {Gt. Br. 1720) 
— see " Falmouth, Vise." 

BOSTON, Baron. George Florancb Trhy, 
6th Bn. {Ot. i?;-.) and a Bt., M.A., a D.L. for 
Anglesea, formerly a Lord-in-Waiting to Queen 
Victoria : son of 5th Bn. ; b. Sept. 6, i85o ; sue. 
1877 (C.) ; mar. 1890 his cousin Cecilia Constance, 
dau. of Hon. Aug. A. F. Irby, sou of the 3rd Bn. 
Seats, Hedsor, Bourns End, Bucks. ; Lligwy, 
Moelfre, Anglesea, Menai Bridge R.S.O. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1704 ; Bn. Boston, Gt. Br. 1761. 
—Sir AVm. Irby, 2nd Bt., M.P. for Launceston ami 
Bodmin, was tlie ist Bn. ; he afterwards held several 
liigh offices about the Court. 

Titled Relatives. 

Sarviolng issue of ^(h Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present B.vrox, b. i860.) 

Hon. Cecil Saumarez /.,heir pros, to Barony, formerly 

Capt. 7Dh Batt. King's Roy. Rifle Corps (Mil.) : 

b. iSca, mar. 1885 Florence Augusta, dau. of 

Clement Upton-Cottrell-Dormer, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Cecil /.). Res., Hitcham Grange, Taplow, Bucks. 

(2ud heir, his son Greville Northey, b. 1889.) 
Hon. Alice Faimy Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. Gordon 

Deedes, b. 1863, mar. 1890 Gordon Fredc. B., Esq. 

Be8.,Hillhurst, Hythe, Kent. 
Hon. Gilbert Neville /., late Hon. Attach^ in Diplom. 

8erv. and Lieut, ist Argyll Vols. : b. 1864, mar. 

1891 Esme, dau. of the late Geo. O. Edwards, 

Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Gilbert /.). lies., Glenaethwy, 

Bangor, Carnarvs. 
Hon. Winifred Mary, now Hoyi. Lady Johnston, b. 

1871. mar. 1896 Sir Harry H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., 

see "Johnston, Kt. (i)." 

Issue of^th Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Rachel Fanny Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 

Vansittart, b. 1831, mar. 1857 the late Aug. Artb. 

v., Esq. (d. 1882). 
(The lute sth Baron, b. 1837, d. 1877.) 

Issue oj "^rd Bn. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The Uxts, 4th Bauon, b. 1802, d. 1869.) 
Rev. the Hon. Llewellyn Charles Robert /., M.A., 

late Rcct. of Whisfcon: b. 1822, mar. 1845 Margaret 

Emily, dau. of the late Jonathan Bullock, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Llewellyn /.). Res., Irby House, 

VV'histon, Northampton. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Augustus /. (J essie Augusta, dau. of Sir 
Thos. Montgomery-Cuninghame, 8bh Bt.), mar. 
1866 the late Hon. Augustus Anthony Frederick /. 
(d. 1870). 

BOSTON, Barons' Widows.' (1) The Dowager 
Lady B., nee Hon. Caroline Amelia Saumarez, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, b. 1839, mar. 1861, 
as 2nd wife, 4th Bn. Boston, grandfather of present 
Peer (d. 1869), she herself being step-mother 
of the 5th Bn., who mar. her sist. the foUg. Bes., 
Villa St. Raphael, Tankerton, Whitstable.— 
j (2) Augusta Caroline, late Baroness, but now 
adopting the style of "Hon. Lady Anderson," 
sist. of above Dowager Lady and mother of 
present Bn. : see " Anderson, Kts.' Wids." 

George Lauderdale Houstoun - Boswall, 3rd 
Bt. {U.K. 1836), a D.L. for Berwicksh., late 
Capt. Gren. Gds. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1847, sue. 
i885, mar. 1877 Phoebe, dau. of the late Sir Hugh 
Allan, of Montreal. Heir, his son George 
Reginald, Lieut. Gren, Gds. (b. 1877; 2nd heir, 

next son, Thomas Randolph, b. 1882). Seats, ' 
Blackadder, Edrom R.S.O. , Berwicksh.; Allan- ^ 
bank, Berwick-on-Tweed ; town res., 54 Eaton i 
PL, S.W. j 

B03WELL,,Maj.-Gen. John James, C.B, (Mil. i 
1881), Miranzai 1856, Mutiny, Eusofzai, Hazara I 
1868, Afghn. 1878-80, ret. 1885 and is Hon. Col. I 
57th Sikhs: b. 1833. .S'es., Darnleo, Melrose,! 
Roxb. i 

BOTETOURT, Baron {Eng. 1305, conflrme;! j 
1803)— see "Beaufort, D. of." ! 

BOTREAUX, Baron {Eng. 1368), Imper. title 
of E. of Loudoun. 

BOTTBSFORD, Baron {U.K. 1835)— see 
" Canterbury, Vise." 

BOTTOMLEY, Lt.-Col. Herbert, O.M.G. 
(igoo-i), comdg. Imper. Lt. Horse; S. Africa 

1899- 1901 : b. i856. lies., Johannesburg. 
BOUCAUT, Knight. Hon. Sir Jame3 Penn 

Boucaut, K.C.M.G. (1898), a Judge of Supr. Ct. S. 
Australia, formerly Attorney-Gen., three times 
Premier, and has twice admind. the Govt., offered 
a Q.C. 1875 : b. 1831, mar. 1884 Janet, dau. of Alex. 
M'Culloch, Esq. Bes., Glenelg, Adelaide. 

BOUCH, Knight's "Widow. Lady B. (Mar- 
garet Ada. dau. of the late Thos. Nelson, Esq.), 
mar. 1853 Sir Thos. Bouch, C.E. (d. 1880). 
Res., 25 Kens. Pal. Gdns., W. 

BOUCHER, Antoine, I.S.O. (1904), 
As.3ist. Master in Chancery to Canad. Senate. 

BOUCHER, Capt. Benjamin Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(i9C0-i),late Hants. Regt. ; Burma 1887-9, Chitral 
Relief, and S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1864. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Fletcher 
Boughey, ifii'Bt: {Gt. Br. 1798), a D.L. f or Staf- 
fordsh. (High Sheiiff 1898), a C.C. for Salop, 
formerly Capt. 2nd Staffs. Mil. and 18th Salop Rifle 
Vols. : son of 3rd Bt.,b. 1836, sue. 1880, mar. 1864 
Sarah Annabella, dau. of the late Harold Little- 
dale, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. Rev. George B. 
(b. 1837 ; 2nd heir, next bro., William Fletcher, 
Com. R.N. retd. b. 1840). Seat, Aqualate, New- 
port, Salop. 

BOUGHEY, Col. George Fletcher Ottley, 
C.S.I. (1896), R.E. retired; Bhutan 1865-6, and 
Afghn. 1879-80, is a Commissr. under the Light 1 
Railways Act 1896 : b. 1844 (grandson of 2nd Bt.). 1 
Rer.., 60 Courtfleld Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BOUGHTON, rouse-. Baronet. Sir] 
Charles Henry Rouse-Bougliton, 11th Bt. of 
Lawford {Eng. 1641) and 3rd Bt. of Downton 
{Gt.Br. 1791), formerly Lieut. 52ndFoot and Capt. 1 
loth Salop Rifle Vols., High Sheriff of Salop i860 : ' 
son of loth Bt., b. 1825, sue. 1856, widower. 
Heir, Yds sou William St. Andrew (b. 1853; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Edward Hotham, b. 1893) . Seat, 
Downton Hall, Ludlow, Salop. 

BOULTON, Mai. Charles Percy, D.S.O. 
(19Q2), B.A., Beds. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 

1900- 2 ; b. 1867. 

BOULTON, Harold Edwin, M.V.O. (4th Class, \ 
1903), Hon. Treas. to Queen Victoria's Jubilee ! 
Inst, for Nurses. Res., 167 Victoria St., S.W. 1 

BOURDILLON, Knight. Sir James Austin 
Bourdillon, K.C.S.I. (1904), V.D., late M.L.C. 
Bengal (twice), also Ch. Sec. and Acting Lt.-Gov., 
has been Insp.-Gen. of Registration &c., Com- 
missr. of Patna, and Comdt. Behar Lt. Horse 
Vols., now Resid. in Mysore and Ch. Commissr. : 
of Coorg : b. 1848, mar. 1887 Mary Wake, dau. of 
Jno. M. Lowis, Esq. Res., Mysore. 

BOURINOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Isabelle, dau. of the late Jno. Cameron, Esq.), 
mar. i88g, as 3rd wife, Sir Jno. G. Bourinot, | 



Directory of Peerage, 


K.C.M.G-., Clerk of the H. of Commons, Canada 
(d. 1902). ^65., Tyldesley PL, Ottawa; Kings- 
mere, Quebec. 

BOURKE {vron. Burk), family name of Mayo 
Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and "Hons." 

BOURKE, Lt.-Col. Henry Bereskord, D.S.O. 
(1894), late 3rd W. I. Regt. ; West Africa 1892-4 
and 1898-9 (Sierra Leone) : b. 1855. 

BOURNE, Baronet's Widow {remrrd.)—sQe 
under " Ely, 3rd M." (now Lady Marion Wellev). 
BOUSFIELD.Lt.-Col.HENRY Richings,C.M.G. 
I (1902), Natal Vols, retd., an advocate of Supr. Ct. 
I of Cape and Natal; Zululd. 1879-80 and Boer 
j AVars 1881 and 1899-1902: b. 1863. Bes., St. 
I Andrew's St., Durban. 

BOUVERIB, PLEYDELL-, family name of 
Radnor Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 

BOVELL, Knight. Sir Henby Alleyne 
Bovell, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.B., Ch. Justice Brit. 
Guiana, an M.L.C. of Barbados 1883 and Chanc. 

j of the Dioc. i885 : b. 1854. Res., Georgetown, 

1 Demerara. 

I BOVILL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anna, 
dau. of Rev. Jno. T. White, D.D.), mar. 1876 Hon. 
Sir Elliot C. Bovill, Ch. Just. Straits Settmts. 
(d. 1893). 

BOVILL, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 
I Basing. 

BOWDEN, Capt. Frank Lake, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Brit. S. Afr. Police ; Matabeleld. 1893 and 1896, 
Jameson Raid, and Boer War 1899-1901 : b. 1863. 
BOWDEN, rit.-Surg. Walter, D.S.O. (1894), 
I R.N., L.R.C.P., Gambia 1894, in Nav.Med. Serv. 
I from 1887 : b. 1859. 

I BOWDLER, Col. Cyril William Bowdler, 
; C.B. (Civ. 1902), Col. in Anny retd., a Kt. of 
j Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1839. C/!<&, Army and 

I BOWDON. BUTLER-. Hon. Mrs. John, dau. 
I of i2t>i Bn. Petre. 

BOWDON, BUTLER-, Hon. Mrs. Lancelot, 
j dau. of the late Bnss. Grey de Ruthyn. 

BOWELL, Knight. Hon. Sir Mackenzie 
5or^eZ?, K.C.M.G. (1895), r.R.C.I.,aP.C. of Canada 
(1878), late Prime Min., and has been Min. 
of Customs, Defence, Trade, &c. ; formerly a 
I journalist and printer, served as a vol. during 
I Fenian outbreak, and retired as Lt.-Col. : b. 
1823, widower. Res., Belleville, Canada. 

BOWEN Barony {Life Peerage, U.K. 1893) — 
extinct from death of only Bn. in 1894. 



Rev. the Hon. William Edward B., M.A., b. 1862, 
mar. 1890 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Morse (Hon. Mrs. Bowen). Res., Glenheadon, 
Totland R.S.O., 1. of Wight; 119 Barkston Odns., 
Earl's Ct., S.W. 

Hon. Maxvvell Steele B., late Lieut. Sherwood 
Foresters (Mil.), b. 1865. Res., Bramshott, Liphook 
R.S.O.. Hants. 

Hon. Ethel Kate, now Hon. Mrs. Josiah Wed(/wood, 
b. 1869, mar. 1894 Josiah ir., Esq. 

I BOWEN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
I (Florence, dau. of the late Rev. Thos. Luby, 
D.D., and widow of Rev. Hy. White), mar. 1896, 
2nd wife to 2nd husb., Rt. ^on. Sir Geo. Fergu- 
I son Bowen, G.C.M.G.,fonnerly Gov. of Queens- 
i land and other Colonies (d. 1899). Res., Rosecliff, 
: Luccombe, Shaijklin R.S.O., LW. ; 16 Lowndes 
i St., S.W. 

I BOWEN, Capt. Charles Otwa? Cole, D.S.O. 
; (igoori), R.E., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1867. 

BOWEN, Capt. Gerard Christopher, D.S.O. i 

(1900-1), late Roy. Munst. Fus. ; Boer War 1899- 
igo2 : b. 1864. 

BOWEN, Capt. Harry James Ap-Owen. 
D.S.O. (1900-1), S. Africa with Kimberley Light 
Horse 1900 : b. 1868. 

BOWEN, Paym.-in-Ch. William Herbert, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), of H.M.'s yachts, ret. 
1903 : b. 1843. 

BOWER, Knight. Sir Graham John Bower, 
K.C.M.G. (1892), Colon. Sec. of Mauritius 
(admind. Govt. 1900-1), Com. R.N. retd., was Im- 
per. Sec. to High Commissr. for S. Africa : b. 
1848, mar. 1882 Maud Laidley, dau. of Jas. S. 
Mitchell, Esq., of Sydney. Res., Port Louis, 

BOWER, Maj. Robert Lister, C.M.G. (1897), 
Egypt 1882, Soudan, Nile, Jebu 1892, late Hon. 
Maj. King's Roy. Rifle Corps (Mil.), now Ch. 
Const. N. Riding: b. i860. Res., The West 
Hous e, T hrrsk, Torks. 

BOWERS, Bishop— see " Thetford." 

BOWERS, Capt. Dillon Aldworth Hare, 
D.S.O. (1902), Cape Mtd. Rifles; Boer War 
1900-2 : b. 1870. Res.. Umtata, Tembuland. 

BOWES, Baron {U.K. 1887), Imper. title of E. 
of Strathmore andK. (fam. name Bowes-Lyon). 

BOWKER, Capt. William James, D.S.O. 
(1899), Somerset L.I. ; Benin 1899, empld. in 
Roy. Niger Territs. : b. 1869. 

BOWLBY, Anthony Alfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
F.R.C.S., was Head of the Portland Hosp. in S. 
Afr. War 1900, author of several med. works : 
b. 1855. Res., 24 Manchester Sq., W. 

BOWLES, Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 
Yorks. Regt. ; NHe 1884-5, Tirah 1897-8, and 
S. Africa 1899-1901, now Dir. of Army Schools 
at Headqrs. : b. 1854. Club, U. Serv. 

BOWMAN, Baronet. Sir William Paget 
Bowman, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1884), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, Regist. of Corp. Sons of Clergy and Treas. 
of Cholmondeley Charities: son of 1st Bt., b. 
1845, sue. 1892, mar. 1870 Emily Frances, dau. 
of the late Capt. Wm. Swabey, R.A. Heir, his 
son Rev. Paget Mervyn B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Guy Eddowes Paget, b. 1878). Res., 
J oldwynds, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking ; Cor- 
poration House, 2 Bloomsbury PL, W.C. 

BOWMONT and CESSFORD, Marquess of 
{Scot. 1707), a title of the Roxburghe Dukedom, 
borne (" M. of Bowmont" only) by the heir when 
a son. 

BOWRING, Knight. Sir (Charles) Clement 
Bowring, Kt. Bach. (1900), of the firm of Cox and 
Bowring, wine merchants, Derby ; Chmn. of Derby 
Conserv. Assoc., and a Vice-Pres. of Nat. Union, 
many years in 1st Vol. Batt. Sherwood Foresters 
(ret. as Major) : b. 1844, mar. 1872 Violet Camilla, 
dau. of Saml. Ball, Esq. Res., Park Grange, 

BOWRING, Edgar Alfred, C.B. (Civ. 1862), 
formerly an M.P., and Libr. and Regist. to Bd. of 
Trade : b. 1826. Res., 5 Lewes Cresc, Brighton ; 
30 Eaton PL. S.W. 

BOWRING, Col. Frederick Thomas Nelson 
Spratt, C.B. (Mil. 1904), late R.E. ; Afghn. and 
Burma : b. 1847. 

BOWRING, Lewin Bentham, C.S.I. (1867), 
formerly Ch. Commissr. of Mysore and Coorg, 
Priv. Sec. to Earl Canning 1858-62 : b. 1824. 
Cluh. E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BOWYER, Baronet, Sir George Henry 
Bowyer, 9th Bt. of Denham {Eng. 1660) and 5th 
Bt. of Radley (G^^. Bv. 1794), late Lieut. 4th Batt. 
Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) : son of the late Hy. G. Bow- 
yer, Esq., and nephew of 7th and 8th Bts. and 


Baronetage^ Knightage, <Scc. 

BOY 153 

gi-andson of 6th ; b. 1870, sue. 1893, mar. 1899 
Ethel, dau. of the late Fras. Hawkins, Esq., 
from whom he (1900) obtd. a divorce. Heir pres. 
to Baronetcy of 1660, a (3rd) cousin, Maj. "Went- 
WORTH Geenvillk Atkiiis-Bowyer (b. 1850 ; and 
heir, latter' s son George Edward Wentworth, b. 
1886 ; no heir to the Eadley Btcy.) . Ees., 1 Claren- 
don Cresc, Leamington. 

BOWYEE, Hon. Mrs. Edward, dau. of present 
Vise. Cross. 

BOXALL, Baron. Alleyne Alfred Boxall, 
1st Bn. {Saxe-Cohurg 1900), Commander of the 
Saxe-Ernestine Coburg Family Order, formerly 
Personal Solic. to the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg 
(Duke of Edinburgh, K.G.) : son of Wm. P. 
Boxall, Esq., of Brighton and Cowfold: b. 1855, 
mar. 1881 Mary Elizabeth, dau. of the late Jas. H. 
! Lermitte, Esq. Heir, his son Alleyne Percival 
i (b. 1882 ; 2nd heir, next son, Caryl Lermitte, b. 
i 1888). Ees., 14 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk., W. 
I *.* This creation was designed by H.R.H. the late 
I Reigning Duke, and carried out by his successor. Is 
authorised by the Crown for use in this country by 
i the grantee and his heirs male. 

' BOXALL, Knight. Col. Sir Charles Gervais 
i Boxall, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), V.D., Hon. Col. 1st 
I Sussex Vol. Artill., organised City Imper. Vols. ; 

is a partner in the legal firm of Boxall and 
I Boxall : b. 1852 (a bro. of Baron Boxall), mar. 

1879 Eugenie, dau. of Hy. Wyles, Esq. Bes., 

Battlemead, Maidenhead, Berks. ; West Chil- 

tington, Pulborough E.S.O., Sussex, 
I BOYALL, Lieut. Alfred Morey, D.S.O. 
! (1900-1), W. Yorks. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : 
j b. 1877. 

I BOYCE, Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 1899), C.E., 
i was Princ. Surveyor of Consular Bdgs. 1877-1900, 
; formerly in like posts in China and Japan : b. 
1834. Res., Ee-Yuan, Hampton Wick, Middx. 

BOYCE, Maj. William George Bertram, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), A.S.C., S. Africa 1899-1900, prev. 
Staflf-Capt. Cork Dist. : b. 1868. 

BOYCOTT, WIGHT-, Lt.-Col. Thomas 
Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), Capt. Staflfords. Imper. 
Yeom. and Lt.-Col. 27th Batt., Hon. Lt.-Col. in 
Army; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1872. 

BOYD, Knight. Hon. Sir John Alexander 
Boyd, K.C.M.G. (1901; Kt. Bach. 1899), M.A., 
LL.D., Chanc. of High Ct. of Ontario, a Gov. of 
M 'Master Univ., appd. Q,.C. (Can.) 1880 : b. 
1837, iiiar. 1863 Elizabeth, dau. of David Buchan, 
Esq. Res., 119 Bloor St., Toronto. 

BOYD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Isabella, 
dau. of the late Jno. Lawson, Esq., W.S.), mar. 
1853 Sir Jno. Boyd (d. 1893). Res., Maxpoffle 
House. St. Boswells. Roxburgh. 

BOYD, Charles Walter, C.M.G. (1904), Joint 
See. to the Rhodes Trust. 

BOYD, Francis Darby, C.M.G. (1900-1), M.D., 
F.R.C.P., Phys. to Deaconesses' Hosp. Edin- 
burgh, was head of the Edinburgh Hosp in Boer 
War 1900 : b. i856. Rec, 22 Manor PL , Edinburgh. 

BOYD, Capt. Gerald Farrkll. D.S.O. (1902), 
Leinster Regt. : S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOYD, Col. John Alexander, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
A.S.C. retd. (1900); S. Africa 1879-81 and Nile, 
late D.A.G.M.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1857. Res.,20 
Sunderld. TeiT., Westboume Gdns., W. 
BOYD, Lady Lilian Adelaide Katherine 
1 Mary, dau. of 2nd E. of Munster. 
I BOYD, ROCHFORT-, Col. Charles Augustus, 
1 C.M.G. (1900-1), R.E. retd.; Egypt 1882 and S. 
I Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1850. Cluh, tJ. Serv. 
i BOYES, Maj. -Gen. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
I 1900-1), late Gord. Highldrs. ; Egypt 1882-4 I 

Soudan, Nile 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1900 (comdg. 
a Brigade), ret. 1904: b. 1843. Res., The Holt, 
Appledore R.S.O., N, Devon. 

BOYLE, family name of Cork and Orrery, 
Glasgow, and Shannon Earldoms. Index to the 
three lines : 

Hn. Alan Reg. g. Ly. Helen, s. Hn. Mrs. Rich c. 
Hn. Alex. Jaa. g. Ly. Helen Jane, g. Hn. 3Irs. Robt. c. 
Hn. Alg. D. E. H. s. Hn. Henry Geo. s. Hn. Rob. Blph. g. 
Hn. Edwd. S. H. s.Hn. James, g. Hn. Rob. Fras. s. 
Ly. Eliz. M. G. g. Hn. Jno. Dav. g. Hn. Rob. Hy. s. 
Hn.ElphinHtone.G.Hn. Lascelles, c. Hn. Rob. J. L. 0. 
Hn. Douglas, s. Ly. Mary Helen.G. Hn. Spencer, s. 
Hn. Jlrs. Edmd. c. Ly. Muriel L.Di. G.Hn.Walt. J. H. s. 
Ly. Florence, aep. Ly. Mur.,Kt.'sWd.Hu. Wm. Geo. c. 

BOYLE, Baron {Gt. Br. 1711), the Imper. title | 
of the Cork and Orrery Earldom, see below. i 

BOYLE, Baeonet. Sir Edward Boyle, 1st Bt. i 
(f^.A'. 1904), K.C. j 

BOYLE, Knight. Sir (Charles) Cavendish 1 
Boyle, K.C.M.G. (1897), Gov. of Mauritius, late of 
Newfouiidld., has been Lt.-Gov. British Guiana, j 
Colon. See. Bermuda and Gibraltar, and held | 
office in Leeward Is. and Dominica, also in Ct. of 
Probate: b. 1849. R'is., Govt. House, Port Louis, 

BOYLE, Knight's Widovv. Lady Muriel 
Sarah B. {nee Campbell), dau. of 2nd Earl 
Cawdor, b. 1845, rnar. 1876 Sir CourtenayE. Boyle, 
K.C.B., Perm. See. to Bd. of Trade (d. 1901, bro. 
of preceding). 

BOYLE, Viscount {by courtesy) , son and heir of ! 
E. of Shannon— see " Boyle of Bandon " below, j 

BOYLE, Lady Florence Cecilia, dau, of 7th I 
E. of Albemarle. 

BOYLE, Capt. James, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), 
Brit. Cons, at Copenhagen. 

BOYLE, Col. Lionel Richard Cavendish, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late Hon. Col. and Lt.- 
Col. comdg. Inf. Batt. of Hon. Ai'till. Co., formerly 
Sub-Lieut. R.N. : b. 1851. C?m&, Army and Navy. ; 

BOYLE, Richard Vicars, C.S.I. (1869), 
M. I.e. E., formerly in Pub. Works Dept. India, 
distinguished for defence of Puekah House at 
Arrah during Mutiny, was Chf. Engr. to Japan 
Govt. 1872-7, has practised also in Spain : b. 1822. , 
Res., 3 Stanhope Terr., Hyde Park, W. 

BOYLE OF BANDON, Viscount {Irel. 1756) — 
see " Shannon, E. of," and " Boyle, Vise." above. I 

&c., Baron {Scot. 1699), also of Stewartoun, | 
Cumbrae, &c. (1703) — see "Glasgow, E. of." 

1628)— see " Cork and O.. E. of." ! 

BOYLE OP MARSTON, Baron {Gi. Br. 1711), ! 
and of YOUGHAL {Irel. 1616)— see " Cork and j 
O., E. of," and " Boyle, Bn. " above. 

BOYNE, Viscount. Gustavus Russell Haniil- 
ton-Russell, SthYisc. {Irel.), szYsasBn. Braneepeth 
{U.K.) ; a D.L. for Shropshire: son of 7th V. ; 
b. May 28, 1830; sue. 1872 (C); mar. 1858 the 
late Lady Katharine Frances Scott, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Eldon (d. 1903). Seats, Braneepeth Castle, 
Brancepeth R.S.O., Co. Durham; Burwarton 
House, Bridgnorth, Salop ; town res., 16 Grosvenor 
Gdns., S.W, 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Hamilton of Stackallan, 1715 : 
Vise. Boyne, 1717. U.K. : En. Brancepeth, 1866.— The ist 
Peer was Gustavus Hamilton, a distinguished military 
oflScer (at the Boyne, Londonderry, &c.). The 7th Vise, 
appended the name Russell. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {8th) V. (himself sole sundving 

issue of 7th) : 
The three deceased infante, Louisa, Emma Maria, | 
and Gustavus Claud (b. 1859-61, d. 1861-2). 

154 BOY 

Hon. Alice Katharine, now Hon, Mrs. WjTidliain 
St.-.John-Mildraay, b. 1S62, mar. 1889 Oapt. Wvndham 
P. St.-J.-M. Res., Wales House, Queen" Camel, 

Hon. GusT.vvus William H.-R., heir to Viscounty, 
a D.L. for Durham and Salop, formerly Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Northumbd. Tus. (Mil.): b. 1864. Res., 
Hard wick, Sedsefield, I'erry Hill, Co. Durnam. 

Hon. Maud Harriet U.-R., b. 1863. 

Hon. Constance Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Albert 
Buillie, b. i3&6, mar. 1898 Rev. Albert Victor B. 
Res., The Rectory, Rugby. 

Hon. Frederick Gustavus ff.-R., 2nd heir, a D.L. 
for Durham : b. 1S67, mar. 1897 Lady Margaret 
Rachel Scott, dau. of 3rd E. of Eldon. Re.8., 45 
Gloucester PL, W. ; La Eojsonnadc, Bellagio, 
Lake Oomo, Italy. 

lion. Claud Eustace IL-R.,a D.L. for Durham, for- 
merly Lieut. Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) ; b. 1S71, mar. 1899 
Maria Lindsay (" May"), dau. of Sir Lindsay Wood, 
ist El. of The Hermitage (Hon. Mrs. Clauci 
H.-R.). Res., Cleobury Nth., Bridgnorth, Salop. 

Hon. Arthur H.-R., Capt. ist Drgns., served in S. 
Africa 1900 : 1). 1872. 

Hon. Florence Rachel II.-R., b. 1875. 

Hon. Eustace Scott B.-R., late Capt. Northamb. Fus. 
(Mil.):b. 1878. 

The deceased Herbert U.-R., b. & d. i885. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Lady Margaret Rachel H.-R., see Hon. Fredk. above. 

BOYNTON, Baronet. Sir Griffith Hexry 
BoyiUon, 12th Bt. {En;j. 1618), son of the late Eev. 
Griffith Boj-uton and 1st cousin of 11th Bt. ; b. 
1849, sue. iBgg, mar. 1885 Euphemia Violet, dau. 
of the late J. lugiis Chalmers, Esq. Ileh; his son 
Griffith Wilfrio Nokman (b. 1889; 2Qd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Rev. Charles Ingram William B., b. 
1853). /I'f.v. (Luly B.), 11 Montpelier Cresc., 

BOYNTOISr, Baroxet's Widow. Mildred, 
Lady B. (Mildred Augusta, dau. of Rev. Thos. B. 

j Paget, Canon of York), mar. 1870 Sir Henry S. 
Boynton, nth Bt. (d. 1899). Cherry Burton, 

I Beverley, E. Yorks. 

j BOYS, Capt. Reginald Harvey Henderson, 
j D.S.O. (1900-1;, E.E., Teleg. Batt. in S. Africa 
I 1900-2, rendered valuable service during plague 
! at Hong Kong 1894 : b. 1867. 

BRABANT, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Edward 
Yewd Brabant, K.C.B. (Mil. i90i),C.M.G. (1879), 
M.L.A. Cape Col. and Ed. Comdt. Cape Vols., 
had chief comd. of Troops from that Col. in S. 
Africa 1899-1901, formerly Capt. 80th Regt. : b. 
1839, mar. 1862 Mary Burnet, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Robertson. i?e.s., King William's Tovi-n, Cape. 

BRABANT, Capt. Guy Alfred, D.S.O. (1902), 
S. African Irreg. Forces 1900-2 : b. 1873. Bes., 
Gonnubie Pk., East London, Cape Col. 

BRABAZON, family name of Meath Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons." 

BRABAZON, Baron (Brabazon of Ai-dee, Irel. 
1616), a title of the Meath Earldom formerly 
borne by an heir (present heir. Lord Ardee) . 

BRABAZON, Maj.-Gen. John Palmer, C.V.O. 
(1901), C.B. (Mil. 1893), Ashauti 1873 4, Afghn. 
1878-80, Egjrpt, Nile 1884-5, S- Africa 1899-1900, 
ret. 1901 and is a Gentn. Usher to H.M., late an 

A. D.C. to Queen Victoria : b. 1843. Bes., Bra- 
bazon Pk., Svvinford, Co. Mayo ; 10 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

BRABOURNE, Baron. Edward KnafchhuU- 
Hugessen, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, late 
j Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., an M.P. 1889-92 : son of 
I 1st Bn. and heir pres. to his ist cousin Sir Wynd- 
ham KnatchbuU, Bt. ; b. April 5, 1857 ; sue. 1893 
{L.) ; mar. 1880 Amy Virginia,, dau. of Wentworth 

B. Beaumont, Esq. Bes., Hoath Cottage, Smceth, 

Directory of Peerage, 


Ashford, Kent. (The Lady B., The Hatch, God- 
den Grn., Sevenoaks; 7 Upp. Belgi-ave St., S.W.) 

Creation. Bn. Brabourne, U.K. 1880.— The Rt. Hon. 
Edv,'d. Knatchbull-Hugessen, M.P. for Sandwich, a 
Lord of the Treasury, and Under Sec. in the Home and 
Colonial Depts., was the ist Bn. 

Titled Relatives. 
{ KnatchbuU- Hugesaen.) 
Issue of 2}resent {2nd) Bn.: 

The diceased Richard Ed^7ard Wentworth K.-H., 

b. i3Si, d. 1883. 
Hon. Margaret Eva de Burgh K.-H., b. 1883. 
Hon. Wvndham Wentwortu K.-H., heir to Barony, 
lat« 2nd Lieut. 7th Batt. Rif. Brig. (Mil.) : b. 1885. 
(sud heir, his uncle Hon. Cecil.) 
Hon. Bettine Henrietta K.-H., b. 1888. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro., sist., half-bro., 
&c., of present) : 

By 1ST siRRGE. (1832.) 
(Pke.sent Bauon, b. x8^7.) 

Hon. Katharine Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
Prideaiix-Briine. b. 1859, mar. 1883 Col. Chas. Robt. 
P.-B. Res., Tho Grange, Wclwyn, Herts. 

Hon. Cecil Mutcus K.-H., B. A., ban-ister-at-law ; b. 
1863, mar. 1893 Helena Regina Frederica de Heyden, 
dau. of the late Hermann von-Flesch-Brunningeu, 
Imper. Counc, of Vieima (Hon. Mrs. Cecil K.-H.). 
Res., 43 Norfolk Sii-, W. ; chamb., 2 Mitre Ct. 
Bdgs., Temple, E.C. 

Bv 2ND MRUGE. (1830.) 

Hon. Adrian Norton K.-H., b. iSgi, 
Hon. Alicia Mary Dorothea K.-H, b. 1893 (posthu- 

BRABOURNE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Ethel Mary, dau. of the late Col. Sir 
Geo. G. Walker, K.C.B. ), mar. 1890, as 2nd wife, 
1st Bn. Braboume (d. 1893). Bes., 13 West 
Eaton PL, S.W. 

BRABROOK, Edward William, C.B. (Civ. 
1897), F.S.A,, ban-ister-at-law, Vice-Pres. and 
Treas. Roy. Soc. of Lit., and connected Avith 
other leanaed bodies, late Ch. Registrar of 
Friendly Socs. : b. 1839. Bes., 178 Bedford Hill, 
Balham, S.W. 

BRACKENBURY, Priv. Counc. and Knioht. 
Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Brachenhury, P.C. 
{Gt. Br. 1904), G.C.B. (Mi], 1901 ; K.C.B. 1894), 
K.C.S.I. (1896), was Gen.-Dir. of Ordn. in S. Afr. 
War, has been Mil. Attache in Paris, Assist. 
Und. Sec. in Ireland, and Mil. Memb. of 
j Counc. of Gov.-Gen. of India ; served in Centr. 
India, in Ashanti and Zulu Wars, Nile Expedn., 
&c., ret. 1904 and is Col. Comdt. R.A. : b. 1837, 
mar. i86i Emilia, dau. of the late Edmd S. 
Halswell, Esq., and widow of Regd. Moiiey, Esq. 
Bes., iK Albany, W. (Lady B., 21 Sumner PI., 
S. Kens., S.W.) 

BRACKENBURY, Vice-Adm. John William, 
C.B. (Mil. 1887), C.M.G. (1879), Zululd. 1879, 
Egypt, and Witu (E. Africa), late 2nd in 
comd. of Channel Squad. : b. 1842. Bes^, 
Speen Hill Lodge, Newbury, Berks. 

BRACKENBURY, Col. Maule Campbell, 
C.S.I. (1898), R.E. retd.; Perak Expedn. 1874-5, 
Afghn. 1878-81. and N.W. Frontier 1898, retd. 
1899, and is Manag. Rohilkand Rail. : b. 1844. 
Bes., 25 Queen's Mansns., 56 Victoria St., S.W. 

BRACKLEY, Vibcount {by cowries?/— title U.K. 
1846), eld. son and heir of E. of EUesmere. 

BRACO, Baron {Irel. 1735)— 6ee "Fife, D. of." 

BRADDELL, Octavius Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 
Acct. in Works Off., Dublin : b. 1843. Bes., 
Sarnia, Donnybrook, Dublin ; BuUingate, Car- 
new, Shillelagh R.S.O., Co. Wicklow. 

BRADDON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 


Baronetage, Knightage^ (kc. 

BRA 155 

(Alice Harriet, dau. of W. H. Smith, Esq.), mar. 
1875, as and wife, the Et. Hon. Sir Edwd. N. 
Coventry Braddon, K.G.M.G., late Premier and 
Treas. of Tasmania and Min. of Lands (d. 1904). 
Res.y Treglith, Tasmania. 

BilADEORD, Baronet. Col. Sir Edward 
EiDLEY COLBORNE Bradford, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1902), 

G. C.B. (Civ. 1897) , G.C. Y.O. (1902) , K.C.S.I. (1885) , 
I.A. Supemum. List, an Extra Equerry to 

H. M., Commissr. of Police for the Metropolis 
1890-1903, formerly in Madras Cavaliy (served in 
Persia, in N.W. Provs., &o.), has been Sec. to 
Polit. Dept. at India Office : son of the late Eev. 
Wm, M. K. Bradford, b. 1836, mar. 1898, and 
■vs-ife, Edith Mary, dau. of Wm. Nicholson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Maj. Evelyn Eidley B. (b. 1869; 
2nd heir, next son, Edward Austen, Lieut., b. 
1879). Res., 50 Sfch. Audley St., W. 

BEADEOED, Earl of, George Cecil 
Orlando Bridgemin, 4th Earl ( Z/.X".) and a Bt. ; 
a D.L. for Salop and Warwicks., formerly Lieut. 
1st Life Gds. and Capt. Shropsh. Yeom., an M.P. 
1867-85 (as Vise. Newport) : son of 3rd E. ; b. Eeb. 
3, 1845; sue. 1898 {C); mar. 1869 Lady Ida 
Frances Annabella Lmnlnj, dau. of 9th E. of Scar- 
brougli. /Sfiafs tt-c, "Weston Pk., Shifnal, Salop; 
Castle Bromwich, IBirmingham ; Clarendon 
House, Newmarkgt; Knockin Hall, Oswestry, 
Salop [let) ; town res., 44 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

Ckkations. a Bt. Eng. 1660; Bn. Bradford, Gl. Br. 
1794 ; E. of Bradford (Salop) and Vise. Newport (of Brad- 
ford afoi-esaid), U.K. 1815.— Sir Henry Bridgeman, sth 
Bt., ■ was created a Bn., and his son and successor 
became Vise, and Earl. An earlier series of similar 
titles had lapsed ; the family name under these was 
Newport, but a daughter of the 3rd Earl married the 
4th Bridgeman Bt., and thus led to the renval of the 
title, which consequently represents the surname, and 
is not taken from the town of Newport. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {4th) E. : 

Lady Beatrice Adine, now Lady B. Pretyman, b. 

1870, mar. 1894 Ernest Geo. P., Esq., M.P. .Res., 

Orwell Park, Ipswich ; Riby Grove, Stalling- 

boroujih, Lines. ; 2 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 
Lady Margaret Alice, now (7<8S. of Dalkeith, b. 18^, 

mar, 1S93 Earl of I)., M.P.. son and heir of 6th D. 

of Buccleuch, q.v. 
Vise. Newport, heir to Earldom : Orlando B., M.A., 

Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots (Mil.), served in S. Africa 

X900-2, late Priv. See. to Lord Salisbury, now to Mr. 

Balfour : b. 1873, mar. 1904 Hon. Slargaret Cecilia 

Bruce, dau. cf zjid Bn. Aberdare. 
Lady Helena Mary, now Gtss. of Sefton, b. 1875, 

mar. 1898 Hon. Osbert Cecil Molyneux, now 6th 

Earl of S., q.v. 
Lady Florence Sibell, now Lady F. Korman, b. 1877, 

mar. 1504 Ronald Collet A'., Esq. 
Hon. Richard Orlando Beaconslield B., 2nd heir, 

Lieut. R.N. : b. 1879. 
Hon. Henry George Orlando 5., Lieut. R.A., b. 1882. 
Surviving issue of 3?-d E. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
(Present E.4RL, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Francis Charles ii., formerly Col. istBatt. Scots 
Gds. and A.D.C. to Fd.-Marsh. Prince Edward of 
Saxe- Weimar, served at Suakiu, an M.P. 1885-93 : b. 
1846, mar. 1883 Gertrude Cecilia, dau. of Geo. Han- 
bury, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Francis B.). Res., Neachley, 
Shifnal, Salop ; 59 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Lady Mabel Selina, now Lady M. Kenyon-Slaney, b. 
i8g5, mar. 1887 Col. Rt. Hon. Wm. Slaney K.-S., 
M.P. Res., Hatton Grange, Shifnal, Salop; St. 
Catherine's, Windermere. 

Lady Florence Katherine, now Ctss. of Harewood, 
b. 1859, mar. 1881 5th Earl of H., q.v. 

1 Dau.-in-law of 2nd E. (aunt of present) : 

j (The late 3rd Earl, b. 1819, d. 1898.) 

i Hon. Mi-s. John B. (Marianne Caroline, dau. of the 

j late Ven, Wm. Olive), mar. 1862 the late Rev. the 

Hon. John Robert Orlando B. (d. 1897). Res., 

Frognel, Torquay. 

BEADLEY, Hon. Mrs. Henry, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
St. Leonards. 

BEADLEY, Lieut. Eobert William, D.S.O. 
(1902), S.Wales Borderers; S.Africa 1899-1902. 
now an Assist. Instr. Sch. of Musketry : b. 1874. 

BEADSHAW, Surg.-Mai .-Gen. (Alexander) 
Frederick, C.B. (Mil. 1891), M.E.C.P., F.E.G.8., 
Mutiny 1857-g, Zhob, Hazara 1891, Princ. Med. 
Offr. to Forces in India 1892-5 and on Staff of 
three Corns. -in-Ch., ret. 1895 ; an Hon. Phys. to 
H.M. : b. 1834. ^es., Ill Banbury Ed., Oxford. 

BEADSTEEET, Baronet. Sir Edmund Simon 
Bradstreet, 6th Bt. {Irel. 1759), son of 4th Bt. and 
bro. of 5th, b. 1820, sue. 1889, widower. Heir, 
his son Edward Simon Victor (b. 1856 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Gerald Edmund, b. 1891). Bes., un- 

BEADY, Baronet. Sir Francis William i 
Brady, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1869), K.C. (i85o), B.A., 
a D.L. of Dublin City, County Ct. Judge and 
Chmn. of Q.S. Tyrone: son of istBt. (Et. Hon. 
Sir Maziere Brady, three times Ld. Chanc. of 
Ireld.), b. 1824, sue. 1871, mar. 1892, 2nd wife, j 
Geraldine Kathleen, dau. of Geo. Hatchell, Esq., 
M.D. Heir pres.. his nephew Lt.-Col. Egbert 
Maziere B. (b. 1854 ; 2nd heir, latter's bro. Maj. 
William Longfield B., b. 1863). Bes., Sorrento 
Cottage, Dalkey, Co. Dublin; 26 Up. Pembroke 
St., Dublin. 

BEADY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Annie, 
dau. of Jno. Lipsett, Esq.), mar. 1884, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Thos. E. Brady, Kt. Bach., Insp, of 
Irish Fisheries 1860-92, was also Commissr. of 
Piers and Harbours in Ireld, (d. 1904'). Res., ii 
Percy PL, Dublin. 

BEAGANZA— see Eoyal Family. 

BEAITHWAITE, Capt. V/illiam Garnett, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Eoy. Welsh Fus.; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, aftds. D.A.A.G. in W. Transvaal: b. 1870. 

BEAKE, Lt.-Col. Herbert Edward John, 

C. B. (Mil. 1901), D.S.O. (1899), E.A., Punjab 
Front. 1892-6, Uganda 1898-9, Ashanti and 
Gambia 1900-1, formerly in civil employment, 
now Comdt. of Loc. Forces in Trinidad : b. i865. 

BEAMPTON, Baron. Henry Hawkins, 1st i 
Bn. {U. K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1899), a Judge of the I 
High Ct. (Q,n.'s Bch. and Excheq.) 1876-98, appd. | 
Q.C. 1858 : son of Jno. Hawkins, Esq., of Hitehin; | 
b. Sept. 14. 1817 ; cr. Kt. Bach. 1876, a Baron 1899 
(C.) ; mar. 1887, 2nd wife, Jane Louisa, dau. of j 
Hy. Eras. Eeynolds, Esq. No heir. Res., 5 Tilney | 
St., Park Lane, W, j 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Brampton, 1899.— No issue. j 
BEAMSTON, Knight. Sir John Bramston, i 
G.C.M.G. (1900; K.C.M.G. 1897), C.B. (Civ. 1886). 

D. C.L., F.E.G.S., F.E.C.I., late Leg. Assist. 
Under Sec. for Colon. Dept. and Eegistr. of 
Ord. St. Mich, and St. Geo., formerly Attom.- 
Gen. of Queensland and Hong Kong: b. 1832, 
mar. 1S72 Eliza Isabella, dau. of the late Eev. 
Harry V. Eussell. Bes., 18 Berkeley PL, Wimble- 
don, S.W. 

BEAMWELL, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Harriet Leonora, dau. of the late Jos. Frith, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 her cousin Sir Frederick Jos. 
Bramwell, 1st and only Bt., F.E.S., a distin- i 
guished engineer (d. 1903). Res., Holmwood, j 
Eden Bridge, Kent; ia Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W. 

BEAMWELL, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 2nd | 
Bn. Eathdonnell. \ 

BEANCEPETH, Baron {U.K. 1866), Imper. 1 
title of Vise. Boyne. 



Directory of Peerage, 


BRAND, family name of Hampden Viscoimty, 
q.v. for " Hons." and Lady Katharine. 
BRAND, Knight'sWidqw. Lady j5. (Catherina 

j Dorothea, dau. of Roht. Aling, Esq.), mar. 1869, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Christofiil Jos. Brand, Speaker 

j Cape House of Assemb. (d. 1875). 

I BRAND, Ferdinand, I.S.O. (1902), Staflf Clk. 

! and Librarian at Admiralty, was Co-Editor of 
Navu List 1880-98: b. 1848. l^^'.s., Heywood 

I Lodg'e, Cumberld. Rd., Kew. 

i BRAND, James, LS.O. (1903), 2nd class Clk., 

I Exchequer and Audit Dept. 

I BRANDTS, Knight. Sir Dietrich Brandis, 
\ K.C.LE. (1887), LL.D., Ph.D., E.R.S., F.L.S., 
I Insp.-Gen. of Forests in India 1864-83, prev. in 
I Pegu and Burma, Lecturer on Botany at Bonn 
j Univ. from 1849 : b. 1824. mar. 1867, 2nd wife, 
j Katlierine, dau. of Dr. Rudolf Hasse. Res., Bonn. 

BRANDON, Duke of {Gt. Br. 1712), Imper. 
i title of D. of Hamilton. 

i BRANDRETH, Knight's Widow. L.^dv B. 
i (Madeline, dau. of ^Mex. Colvin, Esq.), mar. 
! i865 Adm. Sir Thos. Brandreth, K.C.B., a Lord 
j of Admir. and Pres. Roy. Nav. Coll. Greenwich 
I (d. 1894). ^e.s'., Heathfleld, Winchester. 
I BRANFOOT, Col. Arthur Mudge. CLE. 
I (1898), LM.S. retd., M.B., L.R.C.P., Pres. of 
i Med. Bd. Ind. Office, late Princ. Med. Offr. 
i Bangalore and Southn. Dists., Madras, prev. 
j Supt. Govt. Maternity Hosp. Madras : b. 1848. 
j Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

! BRASIER, Lady Charlotte Adelaide Louisa 
Riversdale, dau. of 5th Earl MountCashell. 

BRASSEY, family name of following Barony. 

BRASSEY, Baron. Thomas Brassei/, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), K.C.B. ^Civ. 1881), M.A., D.C.L., 
A.I.C.E., a D.L. for Sussex, barrister-at-law, Kt. 
of Justice St. John Jerus., Hon. Col. 2nd 
Cinque Ports Vol. ArtilL, Hon. Com. R.N.R., and 
L'pool Brig. R.N. Artill. Vols., a Younger Bro. j 
of Trin. House ; Gov. of Victoria 1895-1900, [ 
an M.P. 1865-86, and has been Sec. to the 1 
Admiralty and Civil Lord, a. memb. of three ! 
Commssns., and a Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria : son of Thos. Brassey, Esq., the noted | 
railway contractor; b. Feb. 11, 1836; cr. Bn. j 
1886 (L.) ; mar.,, i860, the late Anna, dau. ■ 
of Jno. Allnutt, Esq. (she died 1887) ; 2ndly, 1890, : 
Lady Sibyl de Vere Capell, dau. of late Vise. 
Maiden, son of 6th E. of Essex. Seaf, Norman- 
hurst, Battle, Sussex ; ^ow/i 7'es., 24 Park Lane, W. 

Ckeation. Bu. Brassey, U.K. 1886. , 


Hon. Thomas Allnutt B., heirto Barony, M.A., Maj. 
W. Kent Imper. Yeom., served in 8. Africa 19C0 in 
comd. of 69th Comp. Imper. Yeom. and as Acting Civ. i 
Commissr. at Pretoria, has been Assist. Priv. Sec. i 
to First Lord of Admiralty : b. 1863, mar. 1889 Lady j 
Tdina Mary Nevill, dau. of ist M. of Abersaveniiy. ! 
Res., Park Gt., Battle, Sussex. (Nr) and heir. 1 j 

Hon. Mabelle Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Chjivles Kg-j tun, ! 
a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus. : b. 1865, mar. 1888 I 
Chas. Aug. E., Esq. Res., The Banks, Roberts- ! 
bridge, Sussex. 

The deceased Constance Alberta B., b. 1868, d. i8t^. | 

Hon. Muriel Agnes B., b. 1872, mar. 1891 8th Earl I 
De La Warr, from whom she in 1902 obtd. a ; 
divorce. Res., Old Lodge, Ashdown Forest, Uck- ! 
field, Sussex ; The Manor House, Bexhill-on-Sea, i 
same Co. 

Hon. Marie Adelaide, now Hon. Mrs. Freeman 
Freeman-Thomas, b. i875,mar. 1892 Freeman F.-T., [ 
Esq., M.P. Res., Ratton, Willingdon, Sussex : 76 - 
Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.AV. 


Hon. Helen de Vere B., b. 1892. , 

Dau. -in-law. 
Lady Idina Mary B., see Hon. Thomas above. 

BRASSEY, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 4th Bn. 

BRASSEY, Lady Violet Mary, dau. of 7th 
D. of Richmond. 

BRAY, Knight. Hon. Sir Reginald More 
Bra I/, Kt. Bach. (1904), officially "Mr. Justice 
Bray," a Judge of the King's Bench Div. of the 
HighCt., a D.L. for Surrey, later Recorder of 
Guildford, appd. Q.C. 1896: b. 1842. 

BRAY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Alice 
Maud, dau. of Jno. Homabrook. Esq.), mar. 
1871 Hon. Sir Jno. Cox Bray, K.C.M.G., Prem. 
of S. Australia (d. 1894). Bes., Adelaide. 

BRAY, Maj. Claude Arthur, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Army Pay Dept. ; Afghn. 1880, S. Africa 1900-1, 
author of some novels and other books : b. 1858. 
Ees., Emberton House, Newport Pagnell, Bucks. 

BRAYBROOKE, Baron. Henry Xevife, 7th 
Bn. (Gt. Br.), M.A., a D.L. for Cambs. : son of 
6Th Bn. ; b. July 11, 1855 ; sue. 1904 {0.) ; mar. 
1898 Emilie Pauline, dau. of Antoine Gonin, 
Esq., of Macon, France. Seats, Audley End, 
Saflron Walden ; Heydon House, Royston, Herts ; 
Billingbear, Wokingham, Berks. 

Creation. Bn. of Braybrooke, Gt. Br. 1788.— The ist 
Peer had four years previously succeeded as 4th Bn. 
Howard de Walden. Before this he was known as Fd.- 
Marshal Sir John Griffin- Whitwell (the name Griffin 
assumed as a descendant of the ist Ld. GriflBji). As he 
had no male issue, the succession was assigned to his 
relative Richd. Aldworth Neville, who also assumed the 
name of Griffin, which the 5th Bn. dropped. On the 1st 
Bn.'s death the Howard Peerage fell into abeyance, but 
the above special remainder preserved the Braybrooke 

Titled Relatives. 


Isbue of 6fh Bn. (bro. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Bahon, b. 1855.) 

Rev. the Hon. Grey A'., heir pres. to Barony, M.A.. 
Vicar of AValtham St. Lawrence : b. 1857, mar. 1889 
Mary Peele, dau. of Rev. Eras. Slater. Res., The 
Vicarage, Waltham St. Lawrence, Twyford R.S.O., 
Berks. (2nd heir, his son Henry Seymour, b. 1897.) 

Hon. Alice Mirabel Cornwallis iV. , b. 1869. 

Surv'ving dau, of^tli Bn. (ist cousin of present) : 
Hon. Mary Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Jovnes, 
b. i8s8, mar. 1880 Robt. J., Esq., formerly R.H.A. : 
Res., Ihe Lodge, Bramley, Guildford. j 

Dau. of-^rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1820, d. 1861.) 
(The late sth Baron, b. 1823, d. 1902, no surv. issue.) i 
(The late 6th Baron, b. 1827, d. 1904.) j 
Hon. Lucy Georgina, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Savile, 
b. 1828, mar. 1852 the late Rev. the Hon. Arthur S. 
(d. 1870), son of 3rd E. of Mexborough, q.v. 

BRAYBROOKE, Barons' Widows. (1) 
Florence, Lady B., nee Hon. Florence Priscilla 
Alicia J/"?/'/t . dau. of 3rd Vise. Hawarden, mar. 
1849 5th Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1902). Bes., Audley 
End, with present Bn.— (2) The Lady B. (Lucy 
Frances, dau. of Jno. Le Marchant, Esq.), mar. 
1853 the Rev. the 6th Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1904). 

BRA YE, Baron. Alfred Thomas Townshend 
Verjiey-Cave, 5thBn. {Eng.), a D.L. for Leicestersh., 
late Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Leic. Regt. (IMil.), 
served in S. Africa 1902, is heir general of the 
Earls Verney : son of Edgell Wyatt-Edgell, Esq., 
and of Bnss. Braye, in own right, 4th in line ; 
b. July 23, 1849; sue. 1879 (L.U.); ma,r. 1873 
Cecilia Harriet, dau. of the late Wm. Gerard 
Walmesley, Esq.; assumed 1880 the name 

Verney-Cave in lieu of Wyatt-Edgell. Seat, ! 
Stanford Hall, Mkt. Harborough, Leic. ; town \ 
res., 4 Buckingham Gt., S.W. j 
Creation. Bn. Braye, Eng. 1529 by writ (in abeyance | 
1557-1839 and 1862-79),— Sir Edmund Braye (Kt.), nephew 
of Sir Regd. Braye, K.G., Prime Minister to Henry VII., 1 
was the 1st Bn. The family is directly descended 
from Ed\Vard III. The long abeyance occurred on the 
death of the and Bn. i who held high military commands 
under Henry VIII. and his two successors, and died of 
wounds received at the Battle of St. Quintin. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Verney-Cave.) 
Issue of present (yh) Bn. (himself sole surviving 
issue of late Bnss.) : 
Hon. Adrian Verney V.-C, heir to Barony, Lieut. 
Motor Vol. Corps : b. 1874, mar. 1900 Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Capt. Edwd. Bouverie Bouverie-Pusey, R.ii. 
(Hon. Mrs. Verney-Cave). {2nd heir, his son Thomas 
Adrian, b. 1902.) 
Hon. Cecilia Violet, now Hon. Mrs. Karl von Gratzy, 
b. 1876, mar. 1903 Lieut. K. von G., of the Austrian 

The deceased Hon. Ian the Mary Dolores V.-C, b. 

1880, d. 1881. 
Hon. Vera Angela V.-C, b. 1881. 
Hon. Thomas i'lorian V.-C, b. 1885. 

BREADALBANE {pron. Bredawl'ban), Mar- 
quess OF. Gavin Campbell, 1st Marq. {U.K.), 
7th Earl of B. and a Bt. {Scot.) ; K.G. (1893), 
P.O. {Gt. Br. 1880), a D.L. for Argyllsh., Kt. 
of Justice St. John Jerus. and Dir. and Chmn. of 
its Ambulance Dept., fonnerly a Lord in Waitin^' 
to Queen Victoria and Treas. and Lord Stevrard 
of the Household, is Col. 5th Vol. Batt. Black 
Watch, an A.D.C. to H.M. for Vols., and Brig.- 
Gen. of Roy. Co. of Archers ; three years Lord 
High Commissr. to Gen. Assembly of Ch. of 
Scotld. : son of 6th E. : b. April 9, 1851 ; sue. as 
ythB&rl {Scot.) 1871, cr. Bn. {U.K.) 1873, Marq. 
1885 {L.) ; mar. 1872 Lady Alma Imogine Carlotta 
Leonore Graham, dau. of 4th D. of Montrose, 
and a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus. Seats, Tay- 
mouth Castle (Aberfeldy), Auchmore House 
(Killin R.S.O.), and Glenfalloch House (Tyn- 
dmm R.S.O.)— allin Perthsh. ; Ardmaddy Castle 
(Oban), and Black Mt. (Bridge of Orchy)— both 
in Argyllsh. ; town res., Harcourt House, 19 Caven- 
dish Sq., W. 

Creations. U.K.: Bn. Breadalbane, 1873; M. of 
Breadalbane and E. of Ormelie, 1885 (the earlier creation 
of 1806 became extinct with the death of the 2nd M. in 
1862). Scot. : A Bt. 1625 ; E. of Breadalbane and Hol- 
land, Vise, of Tay and Paintland, Lord Glenorchy, Bene- 
deraloch, Ormelie, and Weick, 1677.— Sir John Campbell, 
Sth Bt. of Glenorchy, who, like Bn. Blythswood, was 
tlescended from the same line as the Argylls, was the 
recipient of all the Scottish Peerages. An invasion by 
him of the lands of the Earl of Caithness was the origin 
of the song " The Campbells are coming." 0\viiig to 
an heraldic error, King Charles II. had awarded him also 
the title of Earl of Caithness, and this invasion was his 
; mode of enforcing his claim; but in i63i the mistake 
was discovered and the wrong title dropped, though the 
recedence of 1677 was certified for the remaining 
onours. The original title is given in 'Burke' as 
" Braed Albane." The U.K. titles were awarded to the 
4th Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bro. and sist. of 
present M.) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1851.) 

Lady Eva, now Lady E. Heathcote, b. 1855, mar. 1876 
Jno. Cuthbt. H., Esq. Res., Hinton Abbey, Bath. 

Hon. Ivan C, heir pres. to Earldom and other 
Scottish titles only (no heir to Marquessate &c.), 
a D. L. for Argyllsh., a memb. of the Hon. Corps of 
Gentn. at Arms andlate Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots 
(Mil.), formerly of Queen's Own Cameron High- 
landers, served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1859, mar. 1884 

BRI 157 

Lady Margaret Elizabeth Diana Aaar, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Normanton. Res., 18 Roland Gdns., S. Kens., I 
SiW. (2nd heir, bis son Iain Edward Herbert, I 
b. 188S.) 1 

— Dau. -in-law: 

Lady Margaret Eliz. Diana C, see preceding. 

BREADING, Capt. George Remington, I 
D.S.O. (1904^, WorcT Regt. ; Somalild. 1903-4:1 
b. 1877. 

BRECHIN, Bishop of, Rt. Rev. Walter John j 
Forbes Rohherds, D.D., late Vic. of St. Mary 
Redeliffe, Bristol : b. 1863 (nephew of 17th Bn. 
Sempill), mar. 1896, cons. 1904. Res., Forbes Ct., 
Broughty Ferry R.S.O., Forfarsh. 

BRECKNOCK, Earl of {hy courtesy— title 
U.K. 1812"), son and heir of Marq. Camden. 

BREDON, Knight. Sir Robert Edward 
Bredon, K.C.M.G. (1904), M.A., M.B.. Dep. 
Insp.-Gen. of Imper. Chinese Maritime Customs, 
was Surg, in 97th Regt. 1867-73, aftds. Commissr. 
of Chinese Customs at five ports : b. 1846, mar. 
1879 Lily Virginia, dau. of Thos. C. Banks, Esq. 
Rys., Shanghai. 

BREMER, Countess, Lady in Waiting to 
H.R.H. Bnss. von Pawel-Rammingen. | 

BRENAN, Byron, C.M.G. (1894), late Cons.- 
Gen. at Shanghai, prev. Cons, at Canton, Tientsin, 
Peking, &c. : b. 1847. 

BRENNAN, Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1892), Supt. 
Brennan Torpedo Fact, at Chatham : b. 1852. 
Res., Woodlands, Gillingham, Chatham. 

BRERETON, Alfred, C.S.I. (1904I, Sec. to 
Ind. Govt, in Rail. Branch of Works Dept. 

BRERETON, Maj. Edward FitzGhrald, 
D.S.O. (1902), Regt.; N.W. ] 
Front. 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1861, | 

Frederick, dau. of 12th Bn. Petre. | 

BRETT, family name of Esher Viscounty, q.v. 
for " Hons." 

BRETT, Capt. CharlBS Arthur Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Suff. Regt. ; Hazara 1888 and S. Africa 
1899-1900: b. 1865. 

BREW, Robert John, I.S.O. (1902), Sec. and 
Assist. Regist.-Gen. at Dublin : b. 1838. Res., 12 
CrosthwaitePk., Sth. Kingstown, Co. Dublin. 

BREWSTER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Jane Kirke, dau. of the late Thos. PumeU, Esq.), 
mar. 1857, as 2nd wife. Sir David Brewster, K.H. 
(and Kt. Bach.), F.R.8., the eminent optical 
scientist (d. 1868). Res., AUerley, Melrose, Rox- 

BRICKWOOD, Knight. Sir John Brichwood, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), Chmn. of Brickwood and Co. of 
Southsea, a principal supporter of the Roy. 
Portsmth. and Gosport Hosp. : b. 18 — . Res., ! 
Brankesmere, Southsea. 

BRIDGE, Knight (1). Adm. Sir Cyprian 
Arthur George Bridge, G.C.B. (Mil. 1903; 
K.C.B. 1899), served in Crimean War and in 
Mutiny, late Com.-in-Ch. on China Station (prev. 
Austral. ), and has been Dir. of Nav. InteU. and a 
memb. of Ordn. and other Cmttees., ret. 1904 : b. 
1839, mar. 1879 Eleanor, dau. of Geo. Thomiiill, 
Esq., C.S.I. Res., \ Eaton Terr., S.W. 

BRIDGE, Knight (2). Sir (John) Frbdebick 
Bridge, Kt. Bach. (1897), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1902), 
Mu3. Doc, organist at Westminster Abbey, 
Gresham Prof, of Music and a well-known com- 
poser. Conductor Roy. Choral Soc. and was Mus. 
Dir. at late Coronation : b. 1844, mar. 1883 Helen, 
dau. of E. Amphlett, Esq. Res., Comie Haugh, 
Huntly, Aberdeensh. ; Little Cloisters, West- 
minster Abbey, S.W. 

Baronetage, Knightage, <£rc. 



Directory of Peerage, 


i BRIDGE, Col. Chables Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
I 1897), C.M.G. (1900-1), A.S.C., Egypt 1882, Mata- 
j beleld. 1895, S. Africa i899«i900, now retd., and 
i is an Assist. Insp. of Eemountsto Eastern Conld< : 
i b. 1852. 

BRIDGEMAISr, family name of Bradford Earl- 
dom, q.v. for " Hons." and see below, 
i BRIDGEMAN, Rear-Adm. Francis Charlks 
i Bridgeman (name doiibled, ne Bridgeman-Simp- 
I son), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), RN., la<-o Nav. 
A.D.C. to H.M., now 2nd in comd. of Channel 
Fleet : b. 1848. 

BRIDGEMAN, Lady Mary Eleanor, dau. of 
3rd Earl Fortesene. 

BRIDGES, Sec. Lieut. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Protectorate Kegt. ; S. Africa 1S99-1900 : b. 
1874. Bes., 13 Berkeley House, Hay Hill, W. 
BRIDGES, Maj. George Tom Moles^vortii, 

D. S.O. (1904), R.A., Somalild. 1903-4 : b. 1871. 
BRIDGES, Ladj^ Grace Harriet, dau. of 5th 

E. of Courtown. 

BRIDGFORD, Knight. Col. Sir Robert Bridg- 
ford, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), V.D., late Hon. Col. and 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Vol. Batt. Manchester Regt., 
I is a D.L. for Hereford sh. : b. 1836, mrrd. Mes., 
I Beech Lawn, Wlialiey Range, Manchester; 
1 Fownhope Ct., Hereford. 

! BRIDGFORD, Maj. Robert James, D.S.O. 
I (190C-1I, Manchester Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1901 
j comdg.' a Batt. of Mtd. Inf. : b. 1869. 

BRIDPORT, Viscount. Arthur Welling- 
I TON Alexander Nelson Hood, 2nd Vise. {U.K.), 
I Baron Bridport {Irel.), Duke of Bronte in liaJy, 
I C.B. (Civ. 1892), formerly Capt. 2^t\i Foot aiid 
I Hon. CJol. and Lt.-Col. Comdt. W. Somerset 
I Yeom., an M.P. 1868-80: son of 1st Vise; b. 
I Dec. 15, 1839; sue. 1904 (C.) ; mar. 1872 Lady 
j Maria Georgiana Julia Fox-Strangways, sist. of 
i 5th E. 01 lichester (granted rank of an Earl's 
! dau.). Res., Sudley Lodge, Bognor, Sussex; 
I Castello di Maniace', Bronte, Sicily ; 28b Albe- 
j marie St., Vv", 

I Cr.r.ATioNS. Bn, Bridport, Irel. 1794; Vise. Bridport, 
I U.K. 1868 ; Duie of Bronte, Sicily, 1801 (gi-anted first to 
I Adin. Ld. Nelson, the mrrge. of whose niece vith tlie 
I 2ud Bn. Bridport Drought the title into this family).— 
i Rear-Adm. Alex. Hood, brother of istVisc. Hood, for his 
I distinguished services against the French in several naval 
j actions, some of them against hea^'y odds, was appointed 
Vice-Adm. of Gt. Britain in succession to I!arl Howe, and 
I was a^vardftd the above Irish Baron and one of Gt. 
I Britain ; the latter lapsed at his death, but a U.K. 
I Viset}-. was substituted to his late successor. 

Titled B,ela.tives. 
Issue of 'preserd {2nd) V. : 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Herbert Cool-, b. 1873, 
mar. 1898 Herb. Fredk. C, Est}., son and heir of 
Sir Frecfk. L. Cook, 2nd Bt., M.P. 
Hon. Sibyl Amy //., b. 1874. 

Hon. Maurice Hunp.y Nelson //., heir to Viscty., b. 
1881. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. William Nelson.) 
Surviving issue 0/ 1st V . (bros. and.sists. of present) : 
(Present Viscount, h. 1839.) 

Hon. Nina Maria, now Hon. Mrs. George Ferguson, 
V.A., a Bedchamber Woman to Queen Victoria 
1877-1901 : b. 1841, mar. 1861 Lt.-Col. Geo. Arth. F. 
iiea., Pitfour, ]\[int!aw R.S.O., Aberdeensh. 

Hon. Mary, now Mchss. of Hertford, b. 1846, mar. 
iS63 the Earl of Yarmouth, now 6th Marq. of H. , q.v. 

Hon. William Nelson //., Lieut. R.N. retired, b. 1848. 

Eon. Adelaide Fanny, now Hon. Mrs. Herbert Gye, 
h. 1850, mar. 1879 Capt. Herb. Fredk. retd., 
now Brit. Cons, at Brest. Res., x Rue de Traverse, 

Hon. Rosa Penelope, now Hon. Mrs. William Evans, 

a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria 1886-94 : b. 

1852, mar. 1894 rlie late Wm. Herb. K., Esq. (d. 1900). 

Res., Royal Lodge, Windsor Gt. Park. 
Hon. Alexander Nelson H., Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. 

the Princess of Wales, was an Extra Gent. Usher 

I to the late Queen, and Comptroller of Household, I 

I he, to H.R.H. the late Duchess" of Teck : bi 1854. ; 

i Res., 38b Albemarle St., W. ; Casteilo di Maniace, 

I Bronte, Sicily. 

I Hon. Alfred Nelson //.,b. 1858. i 
Hon. Victor Albert Nelson H., Postmr.-Gen. in i 
I Centr, Africa, b. 1S62. Club, Union. 

I :~- D cm. -in-law : 

j [Hon. Mrs. Horatio H. (Isabella Emily, dau. of Sir 
I llobt. M. Mundy, K.C.M.G.),mar., ist, 1872 the late ' 

Hon. Horatio Nelson Sandys H., Com. R.N. (d. 
i83i) ; 2ndly, 1888, the late Percy J. E. Leveson, : 
Esq. (d. 1396)— forfeiting her title.] 1 
Issue of 2nd Bn. (aunts of present V.) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Horace Rochfort, h. 
1813, mar. 1845 the late Horace W. Noel R., Esq. 
(d. 1891). i?e3., 30 Upper Merrion St., Dublin. 
(The late ist Viscocnt, b. 1814, d. 1904.) 
Hon. Jane Sarah, now known as Bon. Lady Hothani 
(q.v.): b. 1817, mar. three times. 

BRIENE, Viscount {Scot. 1701)— see " Lothian, 

BRIERLEY, Capt. Geoffrey Teale, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A., aninstr. in Seh. of Gunnery; S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

BRIGGS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Marj- 
Jane, dau. of the late Benj. C. Howell, Esq.', ! 
Trea^i. of Barbados), mar. 1857 Sir Thos. G. I 
Briggs, 1st and only Bt. (d. 1887). Ees., 18 I 
Alexander St., We.stbourne Pk., TV. \ 

BRIGGS, Knight's Widovnt. Lady B. (Eliza- i 
beth Charlotte, dau. of Jag. Gruar, Esq.), mar. ' 
1889, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. Hy. Briggs, Ch. Clerk I 
to Admiralty (d. 1897) ; has edited her husb.'s | 
work on Naval Admini.stratioiLS. Bes., 5 Charles | 
St.. St. James's So., S.W. j 

:6rIGHT, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady B. \ 
(Catherine, dau. of Sir Wm. IVIiies, 1st Bt.), ! 
mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Robt. O. Bright, G.C.B. (d. ; 
1896). lies., 71 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W.— i 
(2) Lady B. (Hannah Barrick, dau. of Jno. i 
Tajlor, Esq., of Beilevue, Hull\ mar. 1853 Sir | 
Chas. T. Bright, C.E., M.P. (d. 1888). £es., I 
74 West Crom-weli Rd,, S.W. i 

BRIGHT, Charles Edward, C.M.G. (1883), ! 
twice Chmn. MerDoum3 Harb. Trust, Commissr. I 
to several Exhibitions : b. 1829, mar. 1868 the I 
following. Bes., 98 Cromwell Rd., S.W. I 

BRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 3rd I 
Vise. Canterbuiv (q.v.) and wife of preceding. j 

BRIGHT, Maj. Richard George Tyndall, ! 
C.M.G. (1901), Rifle Brigade; Uganda 1897-8. j 
Juba 1898-9, empld. on survey of frontier of i 
Abyssinia and Brit. Protect. : b. 1872. Club, | 
Windham. i 

BRIGHT, William Robert, C.S.I. (1901), in | 
I.C.S. as Magistrate, Collector, See., from 1880, 1 
late Insp. -Gen. of Police in Bengal, now Opium | 
Agent at Behar : b. 1857. Bes., Behar. I 

BRINCKMAiSr. Baronet. Sir Theodore ! 
Henry i?n»c7a«««, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1831), a D.L. for 
Tower Hamlets, an M.P. 1868-74, and formerly 
Capt. 17th Regt. : son of 1st Bt., b. 1830, .sue. 
1880, widower (mar. the late Lady Ccciha, dau. 
of 2nd Marq. Con jTigham, K.P., G.C.H.) . Heir, his 
son Col. Theodore Francis 2L, C.B. (q.v.; 2nd 
heir, nextson, Claude, b. 1871). xSe^f, St. Leonard's, 
Windsor; town res., 34 Grosvenor St., W. 

BRINCKMAN, Col. Theodore Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. E. 
Kent Regt. (Mil) ; S. Africa 1900: b. 1862, son 
and heir of above Bt. Bes., 49 St. James's St., 

BRIND, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eleanor 
Elizabeth Lumley, dau. of the late Rev. Hy. 
T. Bums), mar. 1873, as 5th wife, Gon. Sir Jas, 
Blind, G.C.B. (d. 1888). 


Baronetage^ Knightage, d'c. 



BEINDLE, Mgr. Rt> Eev. Egbert, D.S.O. i 
(1898), R.C. Bp. of Nottinghain, prev. Assist. Bp. , 
of Westminster and Domest. Chapl. to the Pope, j 
Avmy Chapl. let Class retd. ; Egypt 1882-4, ' 
Soudan and Nile 1884-6 and 1898, Dongola 1896 : | 
b. 1837. Bes., Nottingham. 

BRINTON, Capt. Johm Chaytor, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), B.A., 2nd Life Gds., Extra A.D.C. to 
Loi-d Lieut, of L:eld. ; Nile 1898 (Omdurman) 
and S. Africa 1899-1900 as an A.D.C, : b. 1867. 

BRISBANE, Bishop of. Rt. Eev. St. Claib 
George Alfred Donaldson, D.D., 4th Bp., late 
Eect. of Homsey : ord. 1888, cons. 1904. 

BRISCO, Baroxet. Sir Miisgrave Horton 
Brisco, 4th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1782), a D.L. and Co. Aid. 
for Cumberld., formerly Lieiit. Cumbd. and West- 
morld. Yeom. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1884, 
mar. 1867, as and husb., Mary Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Wm. H. Feilden, 2nd Bt., and widow of 
Capt. N. Pedder. Heir, his son Hvlton- Ralph 
(b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s nephew Aubrey Hylton, 
b. 1873). Seat, Crofton Hall, Wigton, Cumb. 

*#* The family name is derived from Brisgau in Suabia, 
from which place a company of free lances accorapanied 
Wm. the Conqueror to England. 

BRISE, RUGGLES-, Knight. Sir Evelyn 
John Rugrjles-Brise, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Chmn. of 
Joint Bds. of Convict Prisons, prev. a Priv. Sec. 
to successive Home Sees. : b. 1857. Bes., 41 Hill 
St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

BRISE. RUGGLES-, Lady Dorothea Louisa, 
dau. of 7th D. of Atholl. 

BRISTOL, Bishop of. Et. Rev. George Fou- 
eest Browne, 48th Bp. of Bristol (1st of new 
creation), D.D., D.C.L., F.S.A., late Bp. Suff. of 
Stepney, formerly Canon of St. Paul's, also Disney 
Prof, of Archaeology at Cambridge and Secretary 
for Local Exams, and Lectures : b. 1833, cons. 
1895 to Stepney, trans, to Bristol 1897 on the 
separation of that See from Glouc, ent. Lords 
1903 (C), widower. Bes., The Palace, Eedland 
GiTi., Bristol. 

BRISTOL, Marquess of. Frederick William 
John Herveii (pi'on. Harvey'), 3rd Marq. {U.K.), 
M.A., Lord Lieut, of Suffolk, a Co. Aid. for 
W. Div. of Co., and Eon. Col. 3rd Batt. Suffk. 
Eegt. (Mil.) ; an M.P. 1859-64 (as Earl Jermyn) : 
son of 2nd M. ; b. June 28, 1S34; sue. 1864 ((7.) ; 
mar. 1862 Geraldine Georgiana Mary, dau. of 
the late Gen. the Hon. Geo. Anson, son of 1st 
Vise. Anson (Lichfield line). Seat, lekworth Pk., 
Bury St. Edmunds; res., 19 Sussex Sq., Brighton, 

Ckeations. Bn. Hervey, Eiig. 1703; B. of Bristol, Gt. 
Br. 1714; M. of Bristol and Earl Jermjoi, U.K. 1826.— 
Jno. Hervey, a distinguished iM.P., received the ist 
Barony and Earldom. The 5th Earl (F.R.S. and F.S.A.) 
was raised to the IMarquessate. 

TiTLKD Relatives. 
(Hervey. ) 
Issue of present {^rd) M. : 

Lady Katherinc Adiue Geraldine, now Lady K. 
lyrurrtmond, b. 1864, mar. i836 AJlan Harvey D., 
Esq. Kea., 7 Bnnismore C4dn8., 8. Kens., 8.W. 
Ladv Alice Adeliza, now The Lady Hylton, b. 1874. 
mar. 1896 Hon. Hylbcn G. Hylton Jollijf 'e, now 3rd 
Bn. Hylton, q.v. 
Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Prksent Marquess, b. 1834.) 

Lady Adeliza Georgiana, now Adeliza, Ciss. of 

Clancarty (q.v.), b. 1843, mar. x866 the late 4th Earl 

of C. (d. 1891). 
Lady Mary Katharine Isabella H., h. 1845. TJea., with 

the ^larq. at lekworth Pj£, 
Lord Francis H., M.A, barrister-at-law, a Civ. Serv. 

Oommissr. and Co. Aid. for V/. Suffolk, an M.P. 

1874-80 and 1885-92: b. 1846. ites. , 34 Buckingham 

Pal. Mansns., S.W. 

— Dau.~ir.-Iaw: 

Lady Augustus H. (Tttariana, dau. of W. P. Ilodnett, 
Esq., and widow of Ashton Benyon, Esq.), mar. 
1861, and husb., the late Lord Augustus Henry 
Charles H., M.P. (d. 1875). Res., 19 Sussex Sq., 
Brighton; Hampton Court Palace, Middx. Eld. 
son (heir pres. to Marquessatc) : 
FuEBERioK William Fake H., 'Em., Capt. R.N., 
b. 1863, mar. 1896 Alice Frances Theodora, dau. 
of G. S. Wythes, Esq. Res., lekworth Lodge, 
Bury St. Edmds. (2nd heir, his bro. Walter 
John, b. 1865.) 
Dau.-in-law of \st M. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marqukss, b. i3oo, d. 1864.) 
Lady Arthur H. (Patience, dau. of Jno. Singleton, 
Esq.), mar. 1839 the late Rt. Rev. Lord Arthur 
Charles //., D.D., P.p. of Bath and Wells (d. 1894). 
Res., Rewlands, Wincliester. 
BEITISH COLUMBIA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
WiLLiAir WiLLCOX Ferriii, D.D., 2nd Bp.: b. 
1848, cons. 1893, mar. 1904. Bes., Bishop's Close, 
Victoria, Brit. Col. 

BRITTxiN, Maj. Reginald, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Derb. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1, prev. 
Supt. of Gymnasia in E. Dist. : b. 1865. Bes., 
Hafodneddyn, Llandilo R.S.O., Carmarths. 

BRITTEN, Hon. Mrs. Richard, dau. of 1st 
Vise. Cohalle of Culross. 

BROAD, Staff-Cant. George Alexander, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), E.N., Arctic Expedn. 
1875, now comdg. Roy. Yacht '.4lberta : ' b. 1844. 
Bes., Avoca, Alverstoke, Gcsport. 

BROADBENT, Baronet. Sir William Henry 
Broadbent, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1893), K.C.V.O. (1901), 
M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.C.P., a Phvs. in Ord. 
to H.M. .and H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, 
Cons. Phys. to Lond. Fever Hosp., Victoria 
Hosp. for Children, &c., Past Pres. of London 
Medical and other Socs., author of various 
med, works and papers : son of Jno. Broadbent, 
Esq., of Huddersfield ; b. 1835, mar. 1863 Eliza, 
dau. of Jno. Hari^in, Esq. Heir, his son John 
Francis Harpin, M.D. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, next 
son, Walter, M.D., b. i858). Bes., 84 Brook St., 
Grosvenor Sq.. W. 

BROADBENT, Col. John Edward. C.B. 
(Mil. 1898), R.E,, Tirah 1807-8, has been Ae.sist. 
Sec. Mil. Dept. Ind. Govt, and Ch. Engi\ for 
Mil. Works, Punjab : b. 1845, mar. 1900 the 

BROADBENT, Hon. Mrs. John, wife of pre- 
ceding and dau. of 14th Bn. Saye and Sele. 

BROADFOOT, Co]. Archibald. C.B. (Mil. 
1894), R. A., Bhutan 1865-6, Abyss. 1868, Afghn. 
1878-80, Mahsud Waziri, and Burma 1885-6, ret. 
1898: b. 1S43. Bes., Duneree, Newton Stewart, 

BROADWOOD, Col. Robert George, C.B. 
(Itlil. 1900-1), late 12th Lancers, now a Col. on 
Staff and an A.D.C. to H.M.; Dongola 1896, 
Nile 1897-8, S. Africa 1500-1, now comdg. Orange 
Eiv. Col. : b. 1862. Bes., Pieterniaritzburg. 

BROCELEBANK, Baronet. Sir Thomas 
BrocUeharJf, ist Bt. {U.K. 1885), a D.L. for 
Lanes., High Sheriff of Cumberld. 1864 : son of the 
iate Wilson Fisher, Esq., of Keekle, Cmnb. (whose 
name he exchanged by licence for Brocklebank, 
184O, b. 1814, widower. Heir^ his son Thomas (b. 
1848; 2nd heir, latter's son Aubrey, b. 1873). 
Seats, Springwood, Woolton, Liverpool ; Green- 
lands, Holmrook, Cumbd., nr. Carnforth. 

BROCKLEBANK, Hon. Mrs. Aubrey, dau. of 
Bn. Allerton and wife of above 2nd heir. 

BROCKLEBANK, Lieut. John Jasper, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 1st Drgn. Gds. ; S. Africa 1899-igoi : b. 
1875 (grandson of above Bt.). 

BEOCKLEHURST, Baronet. Sir Philip Lee 
BrocJdehnrst, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1903), son of 1st Bt., 

Directory of Peerage, BRO 

1 60 BRO 

\ b. 1887, sue. 1904. Heir pres., his bro. Henry 
' Courtney (b. 1888; no and heir). Seat^ Swytham- 
; ley Pk., Staffs., nr. Macclesfield ; mim res., i Stan- 
; hope Terr., Hyde Pk., W. 

i BEOCKLEHURST, Baronet's Widow. Lady 
i B. (Annie Lee, dau. of the late Samuel Dewhurst, 
: Esq.), mar, 1884 Sir Philip Lancaster Brockle- 
j hurst, 1st Bt. (d. 1904). Bes., with present Bt. 

BEOCKLEHURST, Col. John Fielden, C.V.O. 
1 (1901), C.B. (Mil. igoo-i), Egypt 1882, Nile 1884-5, 
j and S. Africa 1899, prev. comdg. Roy. Horse Gds., 
I now an Equeny to H.M. Queen Alexandra : b. 
j 1852. Bes., Eanksbrough, Oakham. 
I BRODIE, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Vincent 
! Sellon Brodie, 3rd Bt. of Boxford {U.K. 1834), 
i M.A., F.S.A.,barrister-at-law, a C.C. for Surrey : 
1 son of 2nd Bt., b. 1862, sue. 1880, widower. Heir, 
j his son Benjamin Collins (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
1st cousin Alfred Waldegrave, b. 1851). Seat, 
Brockham Warren, Betchworth R.S.O., Sui-rey; 
charrih., 5 Stone Bdgs., Line. Inn, W.C. 

BRODLE, Lady Eleanor {Brodie of Brodie), 
dau. of 2nd E. of Dueie. 
BEODIE, Maj. Ian Ashley Moreton, D.S.O. 
I (1902), Lovat's Scouts Imper. Yeom., fox^merly 
Lieut. Scots Gds. ; S. Africa 1900-2, is Lord Lieut, 
of Naimsh. : b. 1868 (grandson of 2nd E. of 
Dueie). Bes., Brodie Castle, Forres, Elginsh. 

BEODIE, Lady Maria, dau. of 8th Earl 

BRODRICK, family name of Midleton 
Viscounty, q.v. for " Hons." 

BRODRICK, Baron {Gt. Br. 1796), Imper. title 
of Vise. Midleton, also Irish title (1715). 
BRODRICK, Priv. Counc. and Peer's Son. 
i Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) William St. John 
Fremantle Brodrick, P.C. {Gf. Br. 1897), M.A., 
M.P. for Guildford Div. (C), a D.L. for Surrey, 
Sec. of State for India, late for War, prev. Under 
Sec. for For. Affairs and to War Dept., also formerly 
Lieut, and Surrey Mil., now Hon. Col. Surrey 
Imper. Yeom. : eld. son and heir of Vise. Midle- 
ton, b. 1856, mar., 1st, 1880, the late Lady Hilda 
Charteris (d. 1901) ; 2ndly, 1903, Madeleine Cecilia 
Carlyle (Hon, Mrs. St. John B.), dau. of the late 
Col. Hon. J. C. Stanley (son of and Bn. Stanley 
of Alderley) and Lady Jeime. Bes., 34 Portland 
PI., W. 

BROGHILL, Baron {Irel. i628)~see "Cork 
and On-ery, E. of ." 

BROKE, DE-CAPELL-,— see "Brooke." 

BROMBY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Charles Henry 
Bromby, D.D., was and Bp. of Tasmania 1864-82, 
aftds. Bp. Assist, to the late Bp. of Bath and 
WeUs: b. 1814, widower. Bes., AM Saints Vic, 
! Clifton, Bristol. 

I BROMFIELD, Capt. Harry Hickman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Wales Bords. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1809. Bes., Penlanole, Rhayader, Pembrokes. 

BROMHEAD, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Par- 
nell Brom.head, ^tld Bt. {U.K. i8o5), C.B. (Mil. 
I 1889), Col. in LA. Supernum. List, late Col. 
Notts. Imper. Yeom., served in Afghan War 
1878-80 and in Soudan, Sikkim, and Hazara 1891 
Expedns. ; has been Gov. of Aitchison Coll., 
Lahore: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1838, sue. 1870, 
widower. Heir, his son Edward Gonville, 
Capt. LA. (b. 1869 ; 2nd heir, latter's son 
Benjamin Denis Gonville, b. 1900). Seat, Thirrlby 
Hall, Lincoln. 

BROMHEAD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 
1893), Ashanti 1873-4, Zululd., and Burma 1887-9, 
comd. 24th Regtl. Dist. 1892-7, retired 1897: b. 
1840 (bro. of preceding). Club, U. Serv. 

BROMLEY, Baronet. Sir Henry Bromley, \ 
5th Bt. (6^^. ^r. 1757), formerly Lieut. 27th Foot, ' 
late Capt. Notts. Imper. Yeom. : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1849, sue. 1895, mar. 1873 Adela Augusta, dau. 
of the late Westley Richards, Esq. Heir, his son I 
Robert (b. 1874, mar. as below ; 2nd heir, next : 
son, Maurice Sromhy-Wilson, b. 1875). Seats, \ 
Stoke, Newark, Notts. ; Ashwell, Oakham. } 

BROMLEY, Baronet's Widow. Dowager ! 
Lady B. (Georgiana Ellen, dau. of the late Vere 
Fane, Esq.), mar. 1856, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Bromley, 4th Bt, (d. 1895). Bes., Stoke as above. 

BROMLEY, John, C.B. (Civ. 1904), Acct.-Gen. | 
to Bd. of Education. | 

BROMLEY, Hon. Mrs. Robert, dau. of the 1 
late Bn. Pauncefote (see that title), and wife of ! 
heir to above Baronetcy. ' 

BEONTE, Duke op {Sicily 1801)— see " Brid- i 
port, Vise." ! 

BROOK, Maj.-Gen. Edmund Smith, C.B. (Mil. ! 
1900), Zululd. 1879, Transvaal 1881, Ind. Frontier ; 
1897-8, and S. Africa 1901-2, now comdg. troops I 
in Cape Colony : b. 1845. Club, Jun. Army and j 
Navy. I 

BROOKE, Baron {Eng. i6ai)— see "Warwick, i 
E. of ." For Lord Brooke, see below. : 

BEOOKE, Baronet of Armitage Bridge. Sir ! 
Thomas Brooke, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1899), F.S.A., a \ 
D.L. and Chmn. Q.S. for W. Eiding, a Dir. of ; 
L. &N. W.Eail., late Lt.-Col. comdg. 5th W. Rid. 
Rif. Vols. : son of the late Thos. Brooke, Esq., I 
b. 1830, mar. 1903, and wife, Mary, dau. of Jas. ] 
Priestley, Esq. Heir, norvQ. (Seai, Armitage Bridge, 1 
Almondbury, Huddersfleld. i 

BROOICE, Baronet of Colebrooke. Sir Arthur ! 
Douglas Brooke, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1822), F.Z.S., a } 
D.L. for Fermanagh (High Sheriff 1896) : son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1891, mar. 1887 Gertrude 
Isabella, dau. of the late Stanlake R. Batson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Basil Stanlake (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Victor Mervyn, b. 1893). Seat, Cole- 
brooke Pk., Brookeborough, Co. Fermanagh. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Norton. Sir Richard ! 
Marcus Brooke, 8th Bt. {Eng. 1662), a D.L. for \ 
Cheshire, formerly of 1st Life Gds. : son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1850, sue. 1888, mar. 1883 Alice, dau. of j 
the late Jno. S. Crawley, Esq. Heir, his son j 
Richard Christopher (b. 1888 ; and heir, Bt.'s i 
bro. Basil Poynings, b. 1853). Seat, Norton Priory, | 
Halton, Runcorn, Cheshire. | 

BROOKE, Baronet of Summerton. Sir George 
Frederick Brooke, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), a D.L. 
for City of Dublin, High Sheriff of Wexford 
188a, and of Co. Dublin 1898: son of the late 
Fras. R. Brooke, Esq., b. 1849, mar. 1881, and ; 
wife, Emilj^ Alma, dau. of the late Augustine ' 
H. Barton, 'Esq. Heir, his son George (b. 1877; 
2nd heir, son by and miTge., Francis Hugh. b. 
1882) . Seat, Summerton, Castleknock, Co. Dublin. 

BROOKE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. of Colebrooke (Alice Sophia, dau. of \ 
Sir Alan E. Bellingham, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1864 
Sir Victor Alex. Brooke, 3rd Bt. (d. 1891). Bes., 
Villa Jouvence, Pau, France.— (2) Dowager Lady 
B. of Norton (Henrietta Elizabeth, dau. of Sir li 
Harry Mainwaiing, and Bt.), mar. 1871, as 
and wife. Sir Richard Brooke, 7th Bt. f d. 1888) . I 
Bes., 73 Eccleston Sq., S.W.— (3) See "Brooke, ' 

BROOKE, Earl {Gl. Br. 1746)— see "War- ^ 
wick." j 

BROOKE, Knight (1) and Raja. Sir Charles { 
Anthony Brooke, G.C.M.G. (1888), late E.N.. ' 
now H.H. the Eaja of Sarawak (succeeding 1868 | 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



1 his uncle, whose name he assumed in lieu of 
Johnson) : b. 1829, mar. 1869 Margaret Alice 
! Lilly (H.H. the Rani of Sarawak, dau. of Clayton 
de Windt, Esq.) • Heir (as Raja), his son Chaeles 
Vyner, Raja Muda (b. 1874; 2nd heir, next son, 
Bertram W. D., Tuan Muda). Res., The Astana, 
Sarawak ; Chesterton, Cirencester. 
BROOKE, Knight (2). Sir William Robert 
i Brooke, K.C.I.E. (1895), late Dir.-Gen. of Tele- 
j graphs in India : b. 1842, mar. 1870 Evelyn, dau. 
I of Jno. Simons, Esq. Res., 62 Albert Grt. 
j Mansns., 219 Knightsbridge, S.W. 

BROOKE, Lord {hy_ courtesy — see Bn. B. 
i above), elder son and heir of E. of "Warwick, 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 3rd 
Vise. Monck. 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Hope, dau. of gth Vise. 

BROOKE, Col. Lionel Godolphin, C.B. (Mil. 
I 1900-1), Zululd. 1879 and S. Afr. "War 1899 (comdg. 
Connaught Rangers), now comdg. 88th Regtl. 
Dist. : b. 1849 (cousin of two foUg.). Res., Vicar's 
Croft, Galway. 

BROOKE, 'Lt.-Col. Ronald George, D.S.O. 
(1898), nth Hussars; Chitral Relief 1895, Matabe- 
leld., Tirah 1897-8, and Khartoum, S. Africa 
1899-1902, part as an A.D.C., now a D.A.A.G. to 
Headqrs. Staff in Somalild. : h. 1866 (bro. of above 
Bt. of Colebrooke, as is follg.). 

BROOKE, Capt. Victor Reginald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), gth Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1900, and 
1901-2 as A.D.C., now A.D.C. to Com.-in-Ch., 
India : b. 1873 (see preceding). 

BROOKE, Lady "Wilhelmina, dau. of 4th E. 
of Dartmouth. 

BROOKE, DE-CAPELL-, Baronet. Sir 
Arthur Richard De-Capell-Brooke, 5th Bt. 
[U.K. 1803), B.A., Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. 
Northants. Regt. (Mil.), a C.C. for Northants., 
High Sheriflf of Rutland 1899: son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1869, sue. 1892, mar. 1897 Fanny Cecil Talbot, 
dau. of Capt. Duncan M'Neill. Heir pres., his 
bro. Edward Geoffrey (b. 1880 ; 2nd heir, their 
uncle Charles Edward, b. 1844). Seats, Gt. Oakley 
Hall, Kettering, Northants.; Aghadoe House, 
Killeagh, Co. Cork. 

*#* The family surname has varied between De Capell, 
Broke, Brooke, and Supple. The present compound form 
is that adopted by the 1st Bt. and restored by the 4th 
after the 2nd had varied it co De-C. -Broke. 

BROOKE, DE-CAPELL-, Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady De-C.-B. (Mary Grace, dau. of the 
late Rt. Rev. Edwd. TroUope, Bp. Suflf. of Not- 
itingham), mar. 1867 Sir Richd. L. De-Capell- 
{ Brooke, 4th Bt. (d. 1892). Res., Hill House, 
1 Woodford, Thrapston, N'thants. 
i BROOKS, family name of Crawshaw Barony, 
h.v. for "Hons." 

BROOKS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Jane, 
1 iau. of the late Col. Sir David Davidson, K.C.B.), 
i ooar. 1879, as 2nd wife, Sir Wm. Cunliffe Brooks, 
1st and only Bt. (d. 1900). (The Mchss. of 
Huntly is the late Bt.'s dau. by 1st wife.) 
! BROOME, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Mary 
jinhe, dau. of the late Walter G. Stewart, Esq., 
iiftds. Lady Barker), mar. 1865, 2nd husb., Sir 
Sfi'redk. N. Broome, K.O.M.G., Gov. of W. Aus- 
ralia, Trinidad, &6. (d. 1896). Bes., 42 Eaton 

I BROUGHAM, family name of follg. Barony, 
i BROUGHAM and VAUX {pron. Broom and 
'ii^awks), Baron. Henry Charles Brougham, 

;rd Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Oumbd. and West- 
. aorld., and CO. for latter, formerly a clerk in 

I. of Lords : son of 2nd Bn. and nephew of 1st 

(the distinguished statesman); b. Sept. 2, 1836; 
sue. i885 {L.U.) ; mar. 1882 Adora Frances Olga, I 
dau. of Peter Wells, Esq., and widow of iSir j 
Richd. C. Mus^rave, nth Bt. of Edenhall, M.P. 
Seats, Brougham Hall, Penrith, Cumb. ; Chateau 
Eleonore, Cannes; town res., 36 Chesham PL, S.W. 

Creation. Bm Brougham and Vaux, U.K. orig. 1830. 
2nd patent i860 extending succession to the brother (takes, 
precedence from the latter, as the title based upon the 
former would have become extinct). — Henry, Lord 
Brougham, the eminent lawyer, statesman, and writer, 
was appointed Lord Chancellor with the above double 
title of Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present {^I'd) Bn. : 

Hon. Eleanor Mabel B., b. 1883. 
A deceased dau., b. & d. 1885. 

Hon. Henry B., heir to Barony, b. 1887. (snd heir, 
his uncle Hon. "Wilfrid.) 
Issue of 2nd Bn, (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1836.) 

Hon. Alice Eleanora, now Hon. Mrs. Thomas 
Edwardes, b. abt. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Rev. the 
Hon. Thomjis E., son of 2nd Bn. Kensington, q^v. 
Hon. Emily Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Dug- 
more, b. 1839, mar. 1867 Capt. Eras. Sandys 1). 
Res., Brockhurst, Uuemsey. 
Hon. Adela Mary Grenville, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
Cook, b. 1846, mar. 1885 Chas. Archer C, Esq. Res., 
SuUingstead, Hascombe, Godalming. 1 
Hon. Reginald Thomas Dudley £., b. 1853, mar., ist I 
1884, Augusta Louisa, dau. of Ai'th. W. Ward, Esq., 
who obtd. a divorce 1900 ; 2ndly, 1900, Isabella 
Augusta (Hon. Mrs. Reginald B.), dau. of Saml. | 
L. Schuster, Esq., aftds. Mrs. Baring. Res., | 
Chesham Mansns., 8 Pont St., S.W. I 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Wilfrid B. (Maria Sophia, dau. of the 
late Col. Faunce), mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, the late 
Hon. Wilfrid B. (d. 1904). . 
BROUGHTON (iJ/'o«. Brawton) Barony ( f/.A'. j 
1851) — extinct 1869 on death of 1st and only Bn. j 
(surname Hothouse) : , 
Surviving Daughters. ! 
Hon. Charlotte, now Charlotte, Lady Dorchester, \ 

q. v. , b. 1831, mar. 1854 the late 4th Bn. D. (d. 1897;. 
Hon. Sophia, now Gtss. of Roden, q.v.,b. 1832, mar. 
1851 the late 5th Earl of R. (d. 1897). | 
BROUGHTON, Baronet. Sir Delves Louis , 
Broughton, 10th Bt. {Eng. 1660), late Lieut. 4th i 
Batt. N. Staffs. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 9th Bt., b. ! 
1857, sue. 1899, mar. 1887, 2nd wife, MaryEveljTi, ■ 
dau. of the late Rowland H. Cotton, Esq. Heir, his \ 
son Henry John Delves (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next i 
son, Brian Evelyn Delves, b. 1898). Seats, Dod- 
dington Pk., Nantwich, Chesh. ; Broughton j 
Hall, Eccleshall R.S.O., Staffs. 

BROUN, Baronet. Sir William Bioun, loth 
Bt. {Scot. 1686), son of gth Bt., b. 1848, sue. 
1882, mar. 1871 Alice Jane, dau. of the late Y. C. 
Peters, Esq. Heir, his son James Lionel (b. 1875 ; 
2nd heir, next son, William Arthur, b. 1876). 
Res., Dalblair, Winton, N. S. Wales. 

*** 'Debrett' still regards the titte of this Bt. as 
doubtful, but 'Burke' accepts it without hesitation. 
Theore is an old tradition in this family associated with 
" Colstoun Pear," a singular specimMi of fruit which 
is still prasorved, aind whida is said to have been given to 
a lady on her marriage by her ancestor Hugo de Gilford, 
a noted necjromanc^, who professed to have endued it 
vsrith the faculty of conferring prosperity upon any one 
who possessed it. 

BROWN, Baronet of Asfn-op. Sir William 
Richmond Brown, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1863), High 
Sheriff of Northants. 1873 and formerly Hon. Col. 
1st Vol. Brig. Lane. Arfill, : grandson of 1st Bt. 
and son of Alex, Brown, Esq., b. 1840, sue. 1864, 
mar. 1^ Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Wm. T. B, 
Mountsteven. Heir, his son Melville Richmond 

1 62 BRO 

Directory of Peerage, 


(b. 1866 ; 2nd heir, next son, Frederick Richmond, 
b. i858). Seat, Astrop Pk., Bang's Sutton, 
N'thants., nr. Banbury: toion res., 34 Cnesham PI., 

BEOWN, Baeonet of Broome Hall. Sir 
Alexander Hargreaves Brown, 1st Bt. {U.K. 
1902), M.P. for Wellington Div. of Salop {L.U.), 
Hon. Col. 1st Lane. Vol. Artill., formerly a Cornet 
in 5th Drgn Gds. : son of the late Alex. Brown, 
Esq., of Beilby Grange, Yorks. ; b. 1844, mar. 
1876 Henrietta Agnes Terrell, dau. of Chas. R. 
Blandy, Esq., of Madeira. Heir, his son Gordon 
Hargreaves, Lieut, in Army (b. 1880 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Walter Hargreaves, b. i83i). Seat, 
Broome Hall, Holmwood, Dorking; town res., 
12 Grosvenor Gdns., S.W. 

BROWN, Knight (1). SirCHARLEsGAGE^roww, 
K.C.M.G. (1897), M.D., F.R.O.P.E., late Phys. and 
Med. Adviser to Colon. Off. (1874-97), also for 
some time to For. and Audit Oifs. : b. 1826, mar, 
1855 Maiy Anne, dau. of the late Wm. M'P. Rice, 
Esq. Res., 88 Sloane St., S.W. 

BROWN, Knight (2) . Prof. Sir George Thomas 
Brown, Kt. Bach. (1898), C.B. (Civ. 1887), a Gov. 
of Roy. Vet. Coll. London, late Dir. of Vet. Dept. 
and aftds. Cons. Vet. Adviser to Bd. of Agric. : 
b. 1827, mar. i860 Margaret, dau. of Jas. Smith, 
Esq., of Stroud. Res., Bryn Hyflyd, Harrow, 

BROWN, Knight (3). Mai. Sir Robert Han- 
bury Brown, K.C.M.G. (1902), R.E. retd. (1893), 
served in Afghanistan 1878-80, aftds. in Bengal 
Irrigation Dept., later Insp.-Gen. in Egypt in 
connection with the Nile Reservoir : b. 1849, mar. 
1878 Marian, dau. of Rev. Edwin Meyiick. Res., 
Newlands, Crawley Down, Sussex. 

BROWN, Knight's Widow. Lady J?. (Frances 
Caroline, dau. of Chas. Baker, Esq., and widow of 
Russell Jeffrey, Esij.), mar. 1883, 2nd wife to 2nd 
husb., Surg.-Gen. Sir Jno. CampbellBrown,K.C.B. 
(d. 1890). Res., 3 South TeiT., Adelaide, S.A. 

BROV/N, Charles, CLE. (1903), Insp.-Gen. 
of Police, Punjab, was Under Sec. to Govt, in 
Home Dept. 1901, had charge of Police arrangemts, 
durmg Delhi Durbar festivities 1902-3 : b. 1849. 
Res., Lahore. 

BROWN, Lt.-Col. Frederick John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Essex Regt. ; Soudan 1884-5 and S. Africa 
1899-1902: b. 1857. Cluh, Jun. XJ- Serv. 

BROWN, George, LS.O. (1903), Ch. Clk. 
Friendly Socs. Registry : b. 1848. 

BROWN, Harry, LS.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools to Bd. of Educ. : b. 1843. 

BROWN, John, C.M.G. (1902), M. Inst. C.E., 
Bngr. in Chief, Govt. Rails., Cape of Good Hope : 
b. 1844. Res., Rondebosch, Cape To\\ti. 

BROWN, John M'Leavy, O.M.G. (1898), Ch. 
Comnaissr. Corean Customs, formerly Acting 
Chinese Sec. at Peking, accompd. Chinese Mission 
to Europe i868. Res., Seoul, Corea. 

BROWN, Maj. J. N., D.S.O. (1902), Cape 
Police ; S. Africa X902. 

BROWN, Miss Mart Margaret AjrNESLEy, 
1.8.0.(1903), Supt. Postal Order Branch, G.P.O. : 
b. 1857. i?eff., ig Fordwych Ed., W. Hampstead, 

BEOWN, Ool. William James, O.B. (Civ. 1897), 
V.D., Hon. Col. i7bh Middx. Eifie Vols.: b. 
1832. Res., 7 Gloucester Terr., Eeg. Pk., N.W. 

BEOWN, BURTON-, Brig.-Surg. Thomas 
Bdwxn, O.I.E. (1^1), M-D., formerly Princ. 
Lahore Med. Coll., retired from Army 1889 : b. 

1833. Res., Ryslaw, i85Willesden Ln.,Brondes- 
bury, N.W. 

BEOWN, WREFORD-, Capt. Claude Wbe- 
FORD (i.e. WrefordWreford-B.), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
N' thumb. Fus. ; Nile 1898 and S. Africa 1900 : 
b. 1875. 

BROWN, YEATS-, Montagu, C.M.G. (1892), 
late Cons, at Boston, prev. Genoa : b. 1834. Res., 
H Castello, Portofino, N. Italy ; English address, 
Roy. Thames Yacht Club. 

BROWNE, family name of Sligo Marquessate, 
Kenmare Earldom, and Kilmaine Barony. Index 
to the three lines (ke., Kenmare ; ki., Kilmaine ; 
s., Sligo). 

Ld. Alfred E. s. Ly. Emily, s. Ly. Mary Isabel, s. 
Ly. Aline, ki. Hn.6eralaR.D.B.E.Un.Maur. 
Hn. Arth. Hy. ki. Hn. Mrs. Gore, sep. Ly. Moya Mel. s. 
Ld. Arth. Howe, s. Hn. Mrs. Howe, ki. Ly. Muriel G.-, sep. 
Ly. Augusta, s. Ly. Isabella M. s. Hn. Mrs. Richd.Ki. 
Hn. Cicely, ke. Hn. Jno. E. D. ki. Ld.Richd. Howe.s. 
Ly. Doreen Ger. s. Hn. Julia S. ki. Hn. Sopliia, ki. 
Hn. Dorothy, kb. Hu. Kathleen, ke. Ly. Terence M. s. 
Ly. Eileen Ag. s. Hn. Margaret, ke. Hn. Val. E. C. ke. 
Ly. Ellen M. ke. 

BROWNE, Baron — see " Oranmore and 
Browne " (surname Browne-Gutlirie). 

BROWNE, Bishop— see " Bristol." 

BROWNE, Knight (1). Sir Benjamin Chap- 
man Browyie, Kt. Bach. (1887), D.C.L., M.I.C.E., 
Chmn. of Hawthorn, LesHe, and Co., engineers 
and shipbuilders ; a D.L. for N'thumbd., twice 
Mayor of Newcastle : b. 1839, mar. 1861 Annie, 
dau. of the late R. T. Atkinson, Esq. i?es., West- 
acres, Neweastle-on-Tyne. 

BROWNE, Knight (2) — see "Browne, 

BROWNE, Knight (3). Gen. Sir James 
Frankfort Manners Browne, K.C.B. (MU. 1894), 
R.E. retd. (1888), now Col. Comdt., served in 
Crimea and was Gov. of Eoy. Mil. Acad. Wool- 
wich 1880-7: b. 1823 (grandson of 2nd Bn. 
Kilmaine), widower. Res., 19 Eoland Gdns., S. 
Kens., S.W. 

BEOWNE, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady B. 
(Lucy, dau. of E. C. Sherwood, Esq.), mar. i860, 
Gen. Sir Saml. J. Browne, G.C.B., U(S; (d. 1901). 
ffes.. The Wood, Eyde, I.W.— (2) See "Browne, 

BEOWNE, Albert, LS.O. (1903), Colon. Treas. 
Orange Eiver Colony and an M.E.C. and M.L.C., 
has been employed in Cyprus, Basutold., &c. : b. 
i860. Res., Bloemfontein. 

BEOWNE, Maj. -Gen. Arthur Geobge 
Frederic, C.B. (Mil. 1903), D.S.O. (1890), I.A., 
Afghn. 1878-9, Burma 1806 and 1891-2, Lushai, 
Chitral Eelief, Tirah 1897, &c., now comdg. a 2nd 
class Dist. : b. 1851. Res., Mandalay, Bunna. 

BEOWNE, Charles Macaulay, C.M.G. (1900), 
Sen. Memb. of Exec, and Legisl. Councils of 
Grenada : b. 1846. Res., Melrose, Grenada. 

BEOWNE, Lieut. Charles Michael, D.S.O. 
(1903), E.E., Waziris 1901-2 : b. 1878. 

BEOWNE, Col. Edward Stevenson, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), iJC (1879), late S. Wales Borderers; 
Zululand 1879, now comdg. 11th Brig. Alderehot : 
Comd. : b. 1852. ^ 

BEOWNE, George, I.S.O. (1903) Judge's 
Associate, Curator of Intestate Estates, and > 
Eegist. of Bankruptcy to Supr. Ot., Tasmania. 
Res., Hobart. 

BROWNE, Col. George Fitzhekbert, D.S.O. 
(1888) , late Mil. Attach^ at Peking, prev. D. A. A.G. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <Ssc. 

BRU 163 

in Ireld. and has been on serv. on "W, Coast of 
Africa, now an A.A.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1851. 

BROWNE, Hon. Mrs. Gore (name not a 
compound), dau. of 10th Bn. Eollo. 

BROWNE, Lt.-Ool. Pebcival Johk, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. Dorset Imper. Yeom. ; 8. 
Africa 1900-1 : b. 1862. Res., Zeals House, Bath. 

BROWNE, Maj. R. S., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
ansld. MM. Inf. ; S. Africa 1900. 

BROWNE, Col. Samuel Haslett, CLE. 
(i8q6), I.M.8., M.D., M.R.C.P., Afghn. 1878-9, 
Hon. Surg, to Viceroy of India, and Insp.-Gen. 
of Civ. Hosps. Bengal : b. 1850. Res., Calcutta. 

BROWNE, Maj. -Gen. Swinton John, C.B. 
(MU. 1891), I.A. retd. ; Mutiny 1857-9, N.W. 
Frontier, Jowaki 1877-8, Mahsud Waziri 1881 : 
b. 1837. 

BROWNE, William, I.S.O. (1903), late Office 
of Works. 

BROWNE, BESSELL-, Capt. Alfred Josei>h, 

D. S.O. (1902), Hon. Capt. Comm. of Australia 
Mil. Forces and in W. Austr. Civ. Serv. ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1877. Res., Adelaide Terr,, Perth. 

BROWNE, CAVE-, Edward Raban, C.S.I. 
(1888), late Acct.-Gen. India Off. (ret. 1900), ent. 

E. India House 1854 : b. 1835 (nephew of Sir 
Wm. Cave-Browne-Cave, 9th Bt.). 

BROWNE, CLIFTON-. Baronetcy (Eng. 1699), long 
deemed extinct, but now assumed by Chas. W. W. 
Clifton-Browne. The 3rd Bt. lived and died in Poland, 
and there appears to be no further record of the family. 

BROWNE, CRICHTON- {pron. Criton), 
Knight. Sir James Cnchto7i-Browne, Kt. Bach. 
(1886), M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E., Lord 
Chancellor's Visitor in Lunacy, Past Pres. of Med. 
I Soc. of Lond. and Med.-Psyeholog. Assoc., and 
' Vice-Pres. and Treas. Roy. Inst, of Gt. Brit. : 
b. 1840, widower. Res., Crindau, Dumfries; 
; chumb., 199 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 
I BROWNE, GORE-, Knight's Widow, Lady 
1 G.-B. (Harriete, dau. of Jas. Campbell, Esq.), 
mar. 1851 Col. Sir Thos. Gore-Browne, K.C.M.G., 
Gov. of N. Z., Tasmania, &c. (d. 1887). Res., 7 
Kensington Sq., W. 

BROWNE, GORE-, Lady Muriel, dau. of 7th 
E. of Dunmore. 

BROWNE, HAMILTON-, Maj. Henry, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Imper. Bushmen's Contingt. in S. Africa 
1900 : b. 1863. Res., Hesperides, nr. Sydney. 

BROWNE, SETON-, Capt. Clement Lau- 
rence Seton (i.e., C. L. Seton Seton-Browne) , 
D.S.O. (1897), I.A., Tochi Valley 1897 : t). 1869. 

BROWNING, Colin Abbott Robertson, 
1 CLE. (1886), M.A., formerly Insp.-Gen. Educ. 
! Centr. Provs. India, ret. 1889 : b. 1833. Res., Oak 
i| Pk., Dawlish, Devon. 

BROWNING, Col. Montague Charles, C.B. 
rCiv. 1897), late Hon. Col. in Suffolk Regt. (Mil.), 
formerly in 87th Regt. : b. 1837. Res., Brantham 
Ct., Manningtree, Essex ; 73 Ghrosvenor St., W. 

BROWNING, Lt.-Col. Winthropp Benjamin, 
CLE. (1898), I.M.S., has been Surg, to Gov. of 
I Madras, is Prof, of ]VIat. Medica and Hygiene to 
i Madras Med. Coll : b. 1855. Res., Madras. 
I BROWNLEE, Capt. John Innes, D.S.O. (1900- 
i i), Capt. Med. Bearer Corps in S. Afr. War 
1 i9(X5-i : b. i85o. Res.. Tembani, Alexandra Rd., 
I King WiUiam's Tn., Cape. 

j BROWNLOW, family name of Lubgan Barony 
I not of follg.), q.v. for " Hons." 
• BROWNLOW, Eael. Adelbebt Wblling- 
I TON Beownlow Ctist) 3ifd Earl (UiK.) and a 

r — ^ — ^ 

Bt., P.C. iGt. Br. 1887), V.D., Lord Lieut, of 
Linoohish., a D.L. for Herts., a Trustee of