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tributed 571 guineas between servants who have kept for periods 
varying between and 30 years, situations obtained through her. 


In cases where a personal interview between employer and servant 
is impossible, Mrs. Hunt is prepared, if full instructions are given 
her early, to interview or correspond with servants, take up their 
characters, and send the servants into the situations without any 
trouble whatever to the employer. 




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1. Have to-day OVER 8000 BOYS AND GIRLS under their care. 

2. Secure for the Offspring- of Churchpeople Church of England teaching- 
and care. Have at present in the CHURCH SECTION a larger number of children 
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4. Have already rescued, trained, and placed out in li r e 60,000 Orphan Waifs. 

5. Freely ADMITTED 3827 FRESH CASES in 1904, and maintained during the 
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7. Have under their care NEARLY 1300 SUFFERING LITTLE CHILDREN 
being more than the pggregate of child patients in FOUR of the largest Children's 

8. ARE FREELY ADMITTING Seventy-eight new cases every week from all over 
the Kingdom, being at the rate of 13 per working day. 

9. Have always from 900 to 1000 BABIES to maintain, thus constituting the 
largest Infants' Orphanage and Asylum in the world. 

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xi. INCULCATE TOTAL ABSTINENCE as a life-long duty. 

12. NO ELECTION ; NO WAITING LIST ; No Money Promise needful ; No 
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13. To all capable of LEARNING TRADES careful Technical Instruction is im- 
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14. An organised system of EMIGRATION to our Colonies is in active operation, by 
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GIRLS were emigrated during 1905. 

15. AT LEAST £240 PER DAY is required for Food alone. 

i5. £10 will defray the whole cost of EMIGE ATING ONE C HILD. 
£16 will Maintain ONE Healthy Child in the Homes for One Year. 
A Suffering Child costs £30 per annum. N 


BRASSEY, President. 

WILLIAM BAKER, Chairman and Honorary Director. 
GEORGE CODE, Hon. Secretary. 


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With the present issue Whttaker's Peerage attains its tenth year, and, 
in spite of all efforts at curtailment, it has slightly increased upon the largest 
of its previous dimensions. The flow of promotions has continued unabated, 
and probably the supply of fuller information respecting the creations of the 
years immediately past has filled as great a part in this expansion as even 
the larger number of Honours that are wholly new. Our list of Promotions 
exhibits 1 33 elevations to either a first or an additional Knighthood, and 265 
to the rank of Commander, Companion or Member. 

The election to the throne of Norway of Prince Charles of Denmark, 
husband of His Majesty's daughter the Princess Maud, was definitely 
announced just as the sheet containing their names was passing through the 
press, so that we only just succeeded in including the alterations. Of the 
other notable incidents of the year we cannot make mention in a Preface, but 
we may draw attention to the extended notice given in this issue to the 
Hamilton Dukedom, including as it does a full-page Genealogical Table which 
brings out clearly how the family of Douglas became united by marriage 
with one branch of that of Hamilton, whilst another branch developed into 
what is now the Dukedom of Abercorn. 

In continuance of a plan commenced last year, we have now introduced several 
hundreds of additional relationships, together with an even larger number of 
insertions of the words " the late " in the case of parents and others who are 
deceased. A fresh practice has also been carried out in our headings of com- 
pound surnames — that of enclosing in parentheses the name which, though 
standing second, is the first to be pronounced. We shall, of course, be met 
with the challenge why we do not arrange the names in the order in which 
they are to be used ; but our answer, as given in a former year, is that there 
are numbers of names as to which the majority of searchers would not know 
in advance whether they were compound or not. The uniform rule, observed 
also by "Burke" and " Debrett," of alphabetising every compound under 
its final constituent, is the only one which enables the searcher to know in 
what place such a name is to be found. 

With our annual renewal of thanks for the kindness of many corre- 
spondents we would also renew our request that suggested alterations may 
bo forwarded to us as early as practicable in the year. 

12 Warwick Lane, E.C. 
November 25, 1905. 

Claimant Baronets — Description of Title-page. ix 


The increase year by year in the number of aspirants to the dignity of a Baronetcy 
induced us lately to take a step requiring to be noticed. There are possibly a few 
amongst these who are genuinely entitled to the style which they claim ; but, taking 
them in the bulk, it is evidently safe to say that those who are not downright impostors 
are the deluded victims of an impractical idea. The modus operandi of these latter is 
"apparently this : they become aware of a lapsed Baronetcy of their own surname, the 
last holder of which was either certainly or possibly a relative ; no one else has assumed 
the title, so why should not they ? The other class, believing that a Baronet's title will 
give them a standing or secure them longer credit from tradesmen, hunt up some name 
in Burke's ' Extinct Baronetcies ' (if it does not happen to be their own, what is easier 
than to make it such ?), give it out that the latest holder left a son or brother whose name 
was never registered, and that from that son or brother themselves are descended ; 
servants and shopkeepers have perforce to give them their title, and thus a fictitious 
local position is secured, which probably suffices for the main purpose of most of them. 
Some of them tell us that they cannot afford the fees necessary for establishing their 
claim, thus ignoring the law of society that what a man cannot pay for he has to do 
without. They may say that in their case no person is injured by the unauthorised 
assumption ; but if they injure no individual they degrade and insult the Baronetage at 
large. Aspirants whose claim is good do not usually assume the title till they have 
established it, and the converse is reasonable as to those who first assume what they 
know they never can establish. A Mr. Robert Dennis, who has gone deeply into the 
subject, lately wrote to The Times characterising the mass of these pretenders as a race 
of unmitigated scoundrels ; whilst the Editor of ' Dod's Peerage ' in a subsequent letter 
stated that if an investigation were instituted there would probably be as many as fifty 
who would go by default. There are a few " Ladies " entered in West-End Directories, 
but in no ' Knightage,' so that they would do well to establish their credentials. 



There is here either latent or patent a considerable amount of illustration of the following pages. 
Turning first to the corners, we have at the upper left a representation of the Star of the Order of 
the Garter, at the right that of the Thistle, at the lower left that of St. Patrick, and at the lower 
right that of the Military Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of a Maltese Cross (the 
clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper). Turning now to the coronets, &c. in the oval 
design surrounding the letter-press, we need only remark that " Nephews " corresponds to " Princes 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Royal Dukes" to "Princes of the Blood Royal," whilst the 
P Cap of Dignity " or " of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dress of Royalty (much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of forty of the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leeds, Rutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, Norton, 
Brabourne, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop's mitre, 
which some protest ought in, nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks under the headings of these 
two Orders will suffice to make our position clear in the matter. The intermediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
figured Star. Thus perpendicularly under the Garter corner is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by the 
coronets, is a true-lovers' knot as described in loc. The adjacent upper quarter is devoted to the 
Thistle, and exhibits the device of that symbol with the intervening sprigs of rue as they are found in 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick will be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick Collar. Lastly, against the Bath corner we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the form 
worn by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork, being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as in 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objects are attached together by their edges and without chains. Surmounting the entire oval of 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Imperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 



Description of Title-page 

List of Promotions and Creations . . . . . , . . xii 

Obituary xiii 

Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . "xvi; 1 


The Sovereign i 

Relatives of the Sovereign 3 

The Peerage and its Degrees (Bishops, 14 ; Classification, 18) . . 5 

The House or Lords 18 

The Peerage outside of the House (Foreign Titles, 21) . . . 20 
Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives (Divorcees, 27) . . . .22 

The Rolls of the Three Peerages (Index, 33) 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Representative Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Peers with Imperial Titles , . . .36 

Historic Peerage 38 

Peerages Extinct or Dormant since 1820 45 

The Privy Council 47 

The Baronetage 49 

Historic Baronetage 52 

Bannerets . (or Knights Bannerets) 56 

The Knightage, Companionage, and Decorations . . . . 56 
Remarks on Native Eastern Names and Titles . . . .68 

Officers of Arms 70 

Precedence . . 71 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title 74 

Cautions as to the Spelling of certain Titles and Names . . . .76 


H.M. King Edward VII., with Descendants and Relatives . . 78 

Index to the Royal Family . . . 91 

Conspectus of the Royal Family . ... 93 

Order of Succession to the Throne 93 

Genealogical Table of the Houses of George III. and Saxe- 

Coburg, with Observations 94 

Plan of the Directory .......... 96 


Roman Catholic Bishops . 672 

Index to Seats and Residences in above .... 676-724 



Abeyance 12 

Albert Crown ix, 61 

Accession of a new Sovereign. . . 3 
Addressing Persons of Title . . .74 

Albert Medal 67 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2 

Archbishops 14 

Armil or Armilla 2, 3 

Arms, 8 ; College of 70 

Attainder 7, 8 

Bankruptcy of a Peer 19 

Bannerets 56 

Baronets, 49; succession of, 7, 

50 ; arms of, 8, 50 ; marriage 

of, 25 ; widow of 27 

Barons 11 

Bath, Order of the 60 

Bishops, 14 ; titles of those of 

Ireland, the Colonies, &C.16, 17 

Black Bod, 58 ; in Ireld 59 

"Blood" and "Blood Royal" 5 
Cap of Dignity or Maintenance ix 

Cautions on spelling 76 

Chancellor, Lord 19 

Classification of the Peerage ...18 

Cockade, The 68 

Colobium Sindonis 2 

Commons,not dissolved at death 

of a Sovereign, 3 ; Irish Peers 

who have been members of ... 6 
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal ... 67 

„ Service Cross 67 

Coronation Chair 2 

Coronation Oath 3 

Coronets, 8 ; Note on 13 

Count, the term 10, note 

Courtesy, Lords by, 24 (also 

under Duke) ; their marriage 26 

Crosiers 18 

Cross-patt£e 2 

Crown Colonies 23, note 

Crown of India, Order of 65 

Crowns, various Royal 1 

"Curtana" 2 

Dalmatic Robe 3 

" Dame," a Baronet's "Wife . . .50 

' ' Defender of the Faith " 1 

Descent of Nobility 6 

Distinguished Service Order ...65 

Dowager Ladies 27 

Dukes 8 

Earls 9 

Egyptian Titles ...69 

Ermine 8, note 

Extinct Peerages 45 

Female succession 6 

Foreign Titles of Nobility 21 

Garter King of Arms 19, 58 

Garter, Order of 57 

Golden Eagle 2 

„ Spurs 2 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 24 

Green Rod 59 

Hanover,Kings of, 1 ; Knights of 64 

Hat privilege 7 

Heir Apparent and Pre- 
sumptive 4 

,, male and female 

" Heirs general" 7 

Heraldic Crown 1 

Heralds &c 70 

Hereditary Peers 20 

H istoric Baronetage 52 


Historic Peerage 38 

' ' Honourable , ' ' the term 22 

" Hon. Lady " 23, 26 

"Ilk, Of that" 50 

Imperial Crown 1 

Imperial titles held by Scottish 

and Irish Peers 37 

Imperial Service Order 65 

Indian Empire, Order of 63 

Indian native titles 68 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; of 
Peers, see under "Dukes" 
&c, and Note on Coronets. 
Irish Peers, 20, 36; do. in Com- 
mons, and remark on their 

titles, 6 ; Bishops 16 

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 67 

Kingdom and its Rulers 1 

King's Champion 3 

Kings of Arms 70 

Knightage, early usages, 56, 60 ; 
higher Orders restricted to 
nobles, 57; "additional" or 
" extras," 58, 61 ; antipathy 

to 64 

Knights Bachelors 64 

Knights' fees 12, 64 

"Lady," the term, 23, 25: re- 
tained by a Baronetess 50 

Lapsing of titles 7 

League of Mercy 67 

Life Peers 20 

" Lord," the term 22 

Lord Chancellor 19 

Lord of Session 21 

Lords, House of, composition 
18 ; forms of admittance, ar- 
rangement,and procedure 18,19 

Maltese Cross 67 

Mantles— King's, 2; Peers' 14 

Marquesses 9 

Marriage of Peeresses &c 25 

" Master," a term of Scottish 

Peerage ...24, 27 

Military Knights of Windsor. . .66 

Miniver 8, note 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 19 

Mitres 18 

Montfort, Sir Simon de 11 

Morganatic marriage 27 

Mound 2 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 10, note 

Nobility, privileges of 7 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of 51 

Oath at Coronations, 3 ; on a 

Peer's accession 19 

"Of," when used in titles 6 

Official Peers 20 

Orb 2 

Order of Mercy 67 

Order of Merit 65 

Patent of nobility 13 

Patrick, Order of St 59 

"Pearls" in coronets 9, 14 

Peeresses, marriage of, 25 ; in 

own right 21 

Peers of Parliament, 6, 16 ; of 
England. Scot., Ir., and Im- 
per., 6; trial of, 7; term 
implying " equals," 12 ; clas- 
sifications of, 18 ; hereditary, 
life, official, and elected, 20 ; 

by courtesy 24 

Peers' Sons and Grandsons ...24 


I Peers' Widows 27 

; Powdered mantle 8 

Precedence 71 

Premier Dukes,8; Marquesses, 

9 ; Earls, 10 ; Viscounts, 11 ; 

Barons, 13; Baronets 51 

Premiers obtaining Peerages... 11 

Prince of Wales 4 

Princes, &c, younger 5 

Princess Royal, status of 5 

Privileges of Peers 7 

Privy Council 47 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 19 

Queen Consort and Dowager... 3 

Quorum in Lords 19 

Regalia of Sovereign 1 

Representative Peers 20 

" Right Hon.," the term 23 

Ring, Ruby 3 

Robes, Note on 13 

Roll of the House of Lords 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Royal Hanoverian Order 64 

Royal Red Cross 67 

Royal Victorian Order 63 

St. Edward's Crown and Staff, 1,2 
St. John of Jerus., Order of ...66 
St. Mich, and St. Geo., Order of 6i 

St. Patrick, Order of 59 

Scarlet Rod 61 

Sceptres 2 

"Scotch," the word objected 

to 20, note 

Scottish Peers, 20, 36; Lords of 

Session 21 

"Sir" with a Peer's name 57 

Special Remainder 7 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2 ; of 

Knights 56 

Star of India, Order of 61 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Stone of Destiny 2 

Succession 6 

Summons, Writ of, 12; of 

Peer's son to Lords 13 

Supertunica 2 

' Supporters " in arms 8 

Swords of State, Justice, and 

Mercy 2 

Tenants in Chief 12 

Tenure, Barons by 11 

Thanes 11 

'The" before "Lord," 

"Lady,"&c.74 (under Baron). 

Thistle, Order of 59 

Title-page, description of ix 

Titles of Sovereign 1, of Peers 

&c 6 

Triple Peerages 37 

Ulster, " Bloody Hand of " . . .50 
Victoria and Albert, Roy. Order 

of 65 

Victoria Cross 66 

Victorian Order, Royal 63 

Viscounts 11 

Volunteer Officers' Decoration 67 

Voting in Lords 19 

Wales, Prince of (position, in- 
signia, &c.) 4 

Woolsack 19 

Writ, Barons by, 12 ; when still 

used 13 

Younger sons of nobles 24, 

and see under " Duke " &c. 


For 1905 {up to Nov. 24). 

Pee us. 

Gully, Rt. Hon. W. C, made Vise. Selby. Leith (Faber), Alex. J., made a Baron (title not yet 

Iveagh, Bn., made a Vise. announced). 

Jeune, Rt. Hon. Sir P. H., g.c.b., made Bn. St. Murray, Rt. Hon. A. G., made Bn. Dunedin. 
Helier, but died leaving title extinct. Windsor, Bn., made Earl of Plymouth. 

(Extinct— Cowper Earldom : De Montalt Earldom ; Hobliouse Bny. ; Lingen Buy.) 

Biggs (Yeatman-), Bp., from Southwark to Worcester; Boutfiower, Ven. C. H., to Dorking (Suff.) ; Chase, 
Rev. P. H., to Ely ; Diggle, Rev. J. W., to Carlisle; Gibson, Rev. E. C. S., to Gloucester; Gore, Bp. 
from Worcester to Birmingham; Harmer, Bp., from Adelaide to Rochester ; Hook, Rev. Cecil, to 
Kingston-on-Thames ; Hughes, Rev. J. P., to Llandaff; Leeke, Rev. J. C, to Woohoich ; Pearson, Rev. 
A., to Burnley ; Smith, Rev. L. P. M. B., to Knaresborough ; Talbot, Bp., from Rochester to Soutlnoark. 
Also some Colonial apptmts. 

Privy Councillors. 

Barnes, Sir J. G. ; Cawdor, Earl; Cohen, Arth., K.c. ; Darley, Sir F. M., g.c.m.g. ; Palkiner, Sir P. R. 
(lreld.); Fellowes, Hon. A. E.; Finlay, Sir R. B., g.c.m.g.; Goschen, Sir W. E., k.c.m.g. ; Long, Rt. 
Hon. W. H. (lreld. added) : Mansfield, Earl of ; Nicolson, Sir A., Bt., k.c.b. ; Ranfurly, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 
(lreld.) ; Rayleigh, Lord, o.m. ; Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g. 


Avery, W. B. ; Birkin, T. J. : Boulton, S. B. ; Coats, Jas. ; Cooper, G. ; De Stern, Herb. ; Duncan, S. W. ; 

Ellerman, J. R. ; Pison, P. W. ; Goff (Gavin-), W. G.; Holcroft, Chas. ; Martin, R. B. ; Monson, Rt. 

Hou. Sir E. J., g.c.b. ; Pound, Aid. J. ; Royden, T. B. ; Tritton, C. E. ; Wernher, J. C. 
(Extinct— Oarbutt, Cowper [Earldom], Meredyth of Greenhills, Morshead, Sanderson [Burdon-].) 


K. G — Richmond and Gordon, Duke of, G. c.v.o. 
A'. T — Levcn and Melville, Earl of. 
A'.P.-Meath, Earl of. 

G.C.B. -Mil. : Bulwer, Gen. Sir E. G., k.c.b. ; Farren, Gen. Sir R. T., k.c.b. ; Eraser, Gen. Hon. Sir D. M., 
k.c.b. ; Russell, Gen. Lord Alex. G., k.c.b. ; Tytler (Fraser-), Gen. Sir J. M. B., k.c.b. ; Vaughan, Gen. 
SirJ.L., k.c.b.. 

K.C.B.— Mil.: Bosanquet, Vice-Adm. D. H. ; Culfe, Surg.-Gen. C. McD., c.B. ; De Bathe, Gen. Sir H. P., 
Bt. ; Drury, Vice-Adm. Sir C. C, k.c.s.i. ; Grenfell, Vice-Adm. H. T., c.m.g. ; Howe (Curzon), Rear- 
Adm. Hon. A. G., c.v.o. ; Milman, Lt.-Gen. G. B., c.B. ; Montagu, Gen. H. W., c.B. ; Pennington, Lt.-Gen. 
C. R., c.b.; Rollo, Gtn. Hon. Robt., c.b.; Ross, Lt.-Gen. A. G., c.B.; Stanton, Gen. Sir E., k.c.m.g.; 

Wilkes (Atkinson-), Vice-Adm. G. L. ; Young, Lt.-Gen. G. S., c.b. Civ.: Darwin, Prof. G. H. ; Hill, Sir 

C. LI., k.c.m.g.; MacLeod, Regd., c.b.; Pittar, T. J., c.B.; Solomon, Sir R., k.c.m.g.; Watts, Philip: 
Wilson (Fleetwood-), Sir G. D. A., Kt. Bach., c.B. 

G.C.S .1 .—Chandra S. Jang, II. E. Maharaja. 

G.C.M.G— Hardinge, Rt. Hon. Sir Chas., k.c.m.g. ; Selborne, Earl of, P.c 

K.C.M.G.— Ashmore, A. M., c.m.g. ; Battenberg, Rear-Adm. H.S.H. Pr. Louis of, g.c.b. ; Campbell, Rear- 

Adm. Chas., c.b.; Egerton, Walt., c.m.g. ; Gowan, Plon. J. R., c.m.g. ; Graham, J. J., c.m.g.; Greville, 

Geo., c.m.g. ; Im Thurn, E. P., c.b.; Mcllwraith, M., c.m.g.; Paget, Com. A. W., c.m.g.; Plunket, Lord, 

k.c.v.o. ; Taylor, W. T., c.m.g. ; Watson, Col. C. M., c.b. 
K.C. I.E.— Dane, L. W., c.s.i.; Lely, P. S. P., cs.i.; Macdonald, Col. J. R. L., c.b.; Offen, W. Chuk ; 

Youtighusband, Maj. P. E., c.i.e. 
G.C. P.O.— Derby, Earl of; Douglas, Adm. Sir A. L., k.c.b.; Esher, Vise, K.C.B.; French, Lt.-Gen. 

Sir J. 1). P., k.c.b. : Goschen, Rt. Hon. Sir W. E., k.c.m.g. ; Gosselin, Sir M. L. M. H, k.c.m.g. (died 20 Feb.) ; 

Hardinge, Rt. Hon. Sir C, g.c.m.g.; Mount Stephen, Lord; Nicolson, Rt. Hon. Sir A., Bt., k.c.v.o.; 

Rodd, Sir J. R., k.c.m.g.; Treves, Sir P., Bt., K.c.v.o.; Tucker, Lt.-Gen. Sir C, k.c.b.; Wilson, 

Adm. Sir A. K., k.c.b. 

K.C. V .O.— Brougham and Vaux, Lord; Buchanan, G. W., c.v.o.; Burnham, Lord; Corbett, V.E.H. ; 
Cranston, Col. Sir R., Kt. Bach. ; De Bunsen, M. W. E., c.v.o.; Egerton, Col. Alf., c.v.o. ; Falmouth, 
Vise, c.b. ; Herbert, A. J., c.v.o. ; Holmes, R. R., c.v.o. ; Johnstone, lion. Alan ; May, Rear-Adm. W. H, 
M.v.o. ; Moore, Vicc-Adm. Sir A. W., k.c.b. ; Oliphant, Maj.-Gen. D. J., c.v.o. ; Semon, Sir F., Kt. Bach. ; 
Stanley, Lord, c.b. 

Kt. liuch— Anderson, Geo. ; Anderson ; T. McC. ; Bailey, Jas. ; Baines, J. A., c.i.e. ; Barr, Jas. ; Bois, S. ; 
Bousfleld, Win.; Bnibrook, E. W., c.b. ; Carr, W. St. J . ; Chance. Arth. ; Chavasse, T. F. ; Couzens, G. E.; 
Cox (Skewes-), T. ; Deane, H. B. K.c. ; De Sausmarez, H. W. ; Dockrell, M. E. ; Pislier, W.E. ; Pithian, 
E. W. ; Fraser, J. G. ; Gardner, R. J. P. ; Gosselin, Maj. N. ; Helder, Aug. ; Hertslet, E. C, ; Johnson, 
Walt.; Jonas, Jos. ; Jones, Phil. S. ; Kennedy, A. B. W. ; Knox, Jas.; Lamb, J. C, C.B. ; McCaughey, 
lion. S.; McPadyean, Jno. ; Marsaall, J. H. ; Newton, Wm, ; Northcote, E. A. ; Oakes, A. H., c.b. ; 
L'eUatt, Lt.-Ool. II. M.; Piggott, T. P. ; Purvis, R. II. ; Redwood, B. ; Robinson, J. C. ; Sadler, Col. S. A. ; 
Sohooles, II. R. P.; Shann, T. T. ; Shipley, A. W. ; Smilh, Com. Hamilton P.; Smyly, P. C. ; Smyly, 
W . J ; Spielmann, Isidore; Stephens, Wm. ; Stephens, J. P.; Stevenson, E. S. ; Strong, Aid. T. V. ; 
Woodman, G. J. 

Commanders, Companions, &c. 

O.M —Fisher, Adm. Sir J. A., g.c.b. ; Hunt, W. Holman ; Jebb. Sir R. C. ; Meredith, Geo. ; Tadema, Sir L. 

C, h°A 2 ,i ; Hf'F'Pi 47 Uh CL > 14 W*! C - B - 47 Mil -> 23 Cte.; CS.I. 3; C.M.G. 31; C.I.E. 15; D.S.O. 21 ; 
I.S.O. 87 : Total 2(56. 




*** All dates for 1905 unless otherwise stated. 

Relatives oe Royalty. 

Flanders, H.R.H. Prince Philip, Count of.— Nov. 17. 
Saxe-Coburg, Dowager Duchess of (aged 81).— 
Dec. 20, 1901. 

Sergius, Alexandrovitch, H.I.H. the Grand Duke, 
G.c.B.— Feb. 17. 


Anglesey, 5th Marquess of.— March 14. 
Cairns, 3rd Earl.— Jan. 14. 
Cathcart, 3rd Earl.— Oct. 30. 

Chelmsford, 2nd Baron, g.c.b.,g.c.v.o., Gen. retired. 

—April 9. 
Chichester, 5th Earl of.— April 21. 
Cowper, 7th and last Earl, k.g., p.c.—July 19. 
De Montalt, 1st and only Earl (4th Visct. Ha warden), 

aged 87.— Jan. 9. 
Portescue, 3rd Earl (aged 87).— Oct. 10. 
Grimthorpe, 1st Baron (aged 88).— April 29. 
Hardwicke, 6th Earl of.— Nov. 29, 190 1. 
Hobhouse, 1st and only Baron (aged 85). -Dee. 6, 

190 1 . The Lady Hobhouse, May 2, 1905. 
Inverclyde, 2nd Baron.— Oct. 8. 
Kenmare, 4th Earl of, k.p.— Feb. 9. 
Kinross, 1st Baron.— Jan. 22. 
Lanesborough, 6th Earl of. —Sept. 12. 
Leigh, 2nd Baron, p.c. (aged 81) —Oct. 21. 
Lingen, 1st and only Baron, k.c.b. (aged S6).— 

July 22. 

Massereene and Farrard, 11th and 4th Viscount.— 
June 26. 

Montagu of Beaulieu, 1st Baron.— Nov. 4. 
Morley, 3rd Earl of, p.c— Feb. 26. 
Norton, 1st Baron, p. a, k.c.m.g. (aged 90).— 
March 28. 

O'Byrne, John, Count (Holy Rom. Emp.).-%/. 27. 

Ridley, 1st Viscount.— Nov. 28, 1901. 

Romilly, 3rd Baron.— June 23. 

Romney, 4th Earl of— Aug. 21. 

St. Helier, 1st and only Baron (Sir Fras. H. Jeune), 

p.c., g.c b. — April 9. 
Sempill, 17th Baron.— July 21. 
Southesk, 6th Earl of, k.t— Feb. 21. 
Stanhope, 6th Earl.— April 19. 
Tollemache, 2nd Baron.— Dee. 17, 1904. 

Peeresses and Peers' Issue. 

Abercorn, Dowager Duchess of (aged 92).— March 31. 
Adderley, Hon. Chas. Artn .1 liegd. Kenelm.— 
May 10. 

Addington, Capt. Hon. Fras. C. Bathurst, r.n.— 
Feb. 12. 

Best, Hon. Fanny Gertrude Sophia.— Nov. 26, 1904. 
Bligh, Rev. the Hon. Henry.— March 4. 
Bloomfield, The Lady, widow of 2nd and lasi Baron 

(aged 83)— May 21. 
Borthwick, Hon. Oliver Andrew.— March 23. 
Butler, Hon. Mrs. Henry.— Nov. 18 (wreck of the 


Cadogan, Hon. Fredk. William (aged 82).— Nov. 20, 

Canning, Hon. Mary.— Nov. 11. 
Carter, Hon. Mrs. John Money (aged 87).— Dec. 24, 

Cavan, Dowager Countess of.— Aug. 2. 
Cecil, Lord Brownlow T. Montague.— May 22. 
Cholmondeley, Rev. the Hon. Henry Pitt (aged 84).— 
April 14. 

Claucarty, Dowager Countess of, widow of 3rd Earl 

(aged 92). —April 28. 
Cochrane, Adm. Hon. Sir Arthur A. L. P., k.c.b. 

(aged 80).— Jug. 20. ' 
Corry (Lowry-), Hon. Mrs. Armar.— Jan. 8. 
Currie, The Lady, wife of present Baron.— Oct. IS. 
Darnley, Dowager Countess of.— Sept. 4. 
De-Lisle (Phillipps-), Hon. Mrs. Ambrose.— -Vow. 18. 

Dixie, Lady Florence, daughter of 7th Marq. of 
Queensbury and wife of 7th Bt.— Nov. 7. 

Douglas, Adm. Hon. Geo. Henry (aged 83).— June 19. 

Egerton, Hon. Mrs. Algernon.— March 28. 

Egerton, Lady Mary Frances, daughter of 1st Earl 
Manvers (aged 86).— June 12. 

Gillford, Lord, heir of the Earl of Clanwilliam.— 
Oct. 14. 

Hamilton, Hon. Margaret Augusta.— Feb. 1. 
Henley, the Lady, wife of present Baron.— July 27. 
Hervey, Lady Arthur, widow of Bp. of Bath and 

"Wells (aged 91).— Dec. 14, 1901. 
Huddleston, Lady Diana, widow of Hon. Sir J. W. 

Huddleston, and daughter of 9th Duke of St. 

Albans.— April 1. 
Ingram (Meynell-), Hon. Mrs.— Dec. 21, 1901. 
Kennedy, Lord David (aged 81).— April 10. 
Knox, Lady Flora Sophia.— Feb. 27. 
Lascelles, Hon. Daniel U.-Nov. 27, 1901. 
Lawley, Rev. the Hon. Stcph. Willoughby (aged 82). 

£)cf. 23 

L'Estrange, Lady Henrietta (aged 88).— Dee. 22, 1904. 

Lucas, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt— Nov. 7. 

Macdougall, Hon. William, c.b.— May 28. 

Magniac, Lady Eleanor (prev. Eaton and Harbord), 
dan. of 7th Duke of Grafton— Sept. 16. 

Mainwaring (Massey-), Hon. Mrs.— Oct. 16. 

Maiden, Emma, Viscountess (widow, aged 81).— 
Nov. 22 (too late for page 279). 

Maule, Hon. Mrs. William (aged 86).— -Feo. 11. 

Molesworth, Vicountess. — Jan. 20. 

Molyneux, Lady Rose Mary.— July 29. 

Monck, Hon. Mrs. Richd. Chas.— April 11. 

Mostyn, Hon. Montague Henry— Dee. 13, 1904. 

Ogilvy, Hon. Jno. Bruce— Dec. 17, 1904. 

O'Neill, the Dowager Lady.— Jan. 19. 

Pakenham, Hon. Sir Francis Jno., k.g. M.G.—Jan. 26. 

Pellew, Hon. Mrs. Percy (aged 96).— June 7. 

Powlett (Orde-), Hon. Amias Lucien.— May 6. 

Pratt, Lt.-Col. Lord Charles 'Robt - Attg. 8. 

Rice, Hon. Maria Elizabeth (aged 90).— March 3. 

Roche, Hon. Mrs. Ulick— Jan. 25. 

Sandford, The Lady, widow of only Baron Sand- 
ford (aged 81).— April 16. 

Sherborne, The Lady, wife of present Baron.— 
Aug. 13. 

Skeffington, Hon. Oriel J. C. Why te Melville — 
May 1. 

Somers, The Lady, widow of 5th Baron.— Dec. 8, 1904. 
Spencer, Hon. Mrs. Charles (aged S3).— March 5. 
Stamford and Warrington, Countess of (widow).— 
Jan. 29. 

Stanley of Alderley, Fabia, Lady, widow of 3rd Bn.— 
May 14. 

Stourton, Hon. Winifred Mary.— Dec. 2, 1904. 
Sutton (Manners-), Hon. Mrs. Graham.— -Vow. 18 

(too late for p. 181). 
Talbot, Hon. Mrs. Edward (daughter-in-law of 3rd 

Bn. Talbot de Malahide).— Jan. 10. 
Tempest (Vane-), Lord Henry John.— Jan. 26. 
Trafalgar, Viscount, son of Earl Nelson.— May 4. 
Trevor (Hill-), Hon. Mary Rosamund.— Dec. 11, 1904. 
Tumour, Hon. Archer.— April 27. 
Vane, Rev. the Hon. Gilbert H. Farrer— June 27. 
Vereker, Hon. Mrs. Charles.— June 19. 
Vivian, Hon. Mrs. Claud.— Oct. 20. 
Waterford, Dowager Marchioness of.— May 19. 
West (Sackville-), Hon. William Edwd.— Sept. 30. 
Wilson, Lady Isabel, sister of the Duke of Rox- 

burghe.— Oct. 12. 


Day, Rt. Rev. Maurice, formerly Bp. of Cashel 

(aged 88).— Dec. 14, 1904. 
Douglas, Rt. Rev .the Hon. Arthur Gascoigne, Bp. 

of Aberdeen and Orkney, and son of 19th Earl of 

Morton.— July 19. 



, Ellicott, Rt. Rev. Ckas. Jno., late 31st Bp. of 
! Gloucester (aged 8G).— Oct. 16. 

Hadfleld, Rt. Rev. Octavius, formerly Bp. of 
I Wellington, N.Z. (aged <J0).— Dec. 11, 1904. 
| Lewis, Rt. Rev. Richard, Bp. of Llandaff (aged 83). 
| — Jan. 24. 

, Macroiie, Rt. Rev. Wm. Kenneth, formerly Bp. of 
I Maritzburg.— Sept. 24. 
Young, Rt. Rev. Richard, late Bp. of Athabasca.— 
July 12. 

Pkivy Councillors. 

Hill, Rt. Hon. Alex. Staveley, k.c. (aged 80).— 
June 28. 

Samuelson, Rt. Hon. Sir Bernhard, 1st Bt., r.K.s. 
(aged 84).— May 10. 


Barran, Sir John, 1st Bt. (aged 83) .—May 3. 
Bates, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt.— April 20. 
Bell, Sir Lowthian, 1st Bt. of Rounton (aged 88).— 
Dec. 20, 1901. 

Boswall (Houstoun-), Lady, wife of 3rd Bt.— Dec. 21, 

Bradstreet, Sir Edmund S., 6th Bt. (aged 84).— 
March 30. 

Brinckman, Sir Theodore Henry, 2nd Bt— May 7. 
Bromley, Sir Henry, 5th Bt.— March 11. 
Carbutt, Sir Edwd. Hamer, 1st and only Bt.— Oct. 8. 
Chetwode, Lt.-Col. Sir George, 6th Bt. (aged 81).— 
J une 28. 

Collet, Sir Mark Wilks, 1st Bt. (aged 8S).— April 25. 
Cunliffe, Sir Robt. Alfred. 5th Bt— June 18. 
Douglas, Louisa, Lady, widow of 4th Bt. of Carr 

(aged 85).— Nov. 11. 
Earle, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt— June 2. 
Ewart, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt. (aged 84).— 

FitzWygram, Lt.-Gen. Sir Fredk. W. J., 4th Bt. 

(aged 82) .— Dec. 9, 1901. 
Foulis (Liston-), Mary Ann, Dowager Lady.— Feb. 5. 
Gunter, Col. Sir Robert, 1st Bt., M.P.— Sept. 18. 
Hanson, Sir Reginald, 1st Bt.— April 20. 
Hingley, Sir Benjamin, 1st Bt.— May 13. 
Hony wood, Lady, widow of 7th Bt.— April 27. 
Jardine, Sir Robert, 1st Bt— Feb. 17. 
Laking, Lady, wife of 1st Bt.— March 1. 
Leslie, Col. Sir Chas. Henry, 7th Bt., c.B.— Oct. 12. 
Macgregor, Sir Wm. Gordon, 4th Bt. of Savile Row. 

—June 14. 

McMahon, Sir William Samuel, 3rd Bt.— J une 3. 
Menteth (Stuart-), Jane, Lady, widow of 2nd Bt.— 
Oct. 14. 

Middleton (Broke-), Lady, widow of last Bt.— 
Oct. 29. 

Morshead, Sir Warwick Chas., 3rd and last Bt. 

(aged 80).— March 17. 
O'Connell, Sir Daniel Ross, 3rd Bt.— May 14. 
O'Loghlen, lion. Sir Bryan, 3rd Bt.— Oct. 30. 
Portal, Sir Wyudham Spencer, 1st Bt. (aged 83).— 

Sept. 11. 

Price (Ruggc-), Dowager Lady (aged 97).— Sept. 22. 
Sanderson (Burdon-), Sir Jno. Scott, 1st and only 
Bt.-A'ow. 24. 

Scott, Sir Edwd. Dolman, 6th Bt. of Gt. Barr and 

5th of HartingtotJ (latter now passed to Rt. Hon. 

Sir A. F. A.-Hood — March 8. 
Smith; Sir Chas. Cunliffe, 3rd Bt. of Tring.— July SI. 
Stewart, Sir Jno. Marcus, 3rd Bt.— Feb. 26. 
Travers (Clarke-), Sir Guy F. Travers, 3rd Bt.— 

July 2. • 
Turing, Lady, wife of Sir Robt. F. Turing, 8th Bt. 

—Auy. 6, 

Walker, Vice-Adm. Sir Baldwin Wake, 2nd Bt. of 

Oakley.— June 28. 
Whichcote, Lady, widow of 8th Bt.— March 5. 
Wig-gin, Sir Henry Saml., 1st Bt. (aged 81).)— 

Nov. 12. 

Williams, Sir William Fredk., 4th Bt., of Tregullow. 
— Sept. 20. 

Wynn (Williams-), Lady (widow of 6th Bt.). —Sept. 21 


Adams, Lady, widow of Maj.-Gen. H. W. Adams, 
c.B. (granted rank ; aged 92).— Oct. 21. 

Adderley, Sir Augustus Jno., k.c.m.g.— Nov. 2. 

Aitken, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. Aitken, m.d., 
Y.R.s.—Jiily 22. 

Akerman, Sir Jno. Wm., k.c.m.g. (aged 80).— 
J une 24. 

Alford, Sir Edwd. Fleet, Kt. Bach— March 18. 
Andoe, Adm. Sir Hilary Gustavus, k.c.b.— Feb. 11. 
Barrington (Kennett-), Lady, widow of Sir Vincent 

K.-Barrington, Kt. Bach.— April 8. 
Bedi, Baba Sir Khem Singh,— May. 
Benjamin, Sir Benjamin, Kt. Bach.- March 7. 
Berkeley, Sir George, k.c.m.g. 'aged 85).— Sept. 29. 
Biddulnh, Lady, wife of Gen. Sir Robt. Biddulph, 

G.c.B.— April 23. 
Blount, Sir Edwd. Charles, k.c.b. (aged 95).— 

March 15. 

Booker, Sir Wm. Lane, Kt. Bach., cm.g, (aged 80).— 
Feb. 19. 

Bouch, Lady, widow of Sir Thos. Bouch, Kt. Bach.— 
Jan. 26. 

Brackenbury, Lady, wife of Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir 

Henry Brackenbury, g.cb.— Sept. 9. 
Bridgford, Col. Sir Robert, k.c.b— May 13. 
Burroughs (Traill-), Lt.-Gen. Sir Fredk. Wm., k.c.b. 

—April 9. 

Cadman, Hon. Sir Alf. Jerome, k.c.m.g.— March 22. 
Campbell, Sir Geo. William, k.c.m.g— Jan. 10. 
Carroll, Sir James, Kt. Bach— May 24. 
Cave, Lady, widow of Rt. Hon. Sir Stephen Cave, 

g.cb. (aged 83).— Nov. 13. 
Champain (Bateman-), Lady, widow of Sir J. U. 

Bateman-Champain, k.c.m.g— Aug. 14. 
Cleeve, Sir Frederick, k.c.b. (aged 84).— Sept. 28. 
Clowes, Sir Wm. Laird, Kt. Bach.— Aug. 14. 
Cook, Lady, wife of Sir Hy. Cook, Kt. Bach.— Sept. 28. 
Cotton, Sir George, Kt. Bach— Feb. 5. 
Crease, Lady, wife of Maj.-Gen. Sir J. F. Crease, 

k.c.b. — April 4. 
Crease, Hon. Sir Henry P. Pellew, Kt. Bach, (aged 

81).— Feb. 26. 

Cuthbertson, Sir Jno. Neilson, Kt. Bach.— Jan. 26. 
Deas, Lady, widow of Sir David Deas, k.c.b.— 
March 27. 

Dickson, Gen. Sir Collingwood, g.cb., U(C (aged 87. 

—Nov. 28, 1904. 
Donnet, Sir J as. Jno. Louis, k.c.b. (aged 88).— Jan. 11. 
Durand, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir H. M. Durand, 

K.c.s.i.— March 29. 
Fardell, Lady, wife of Sir Geo. Fardell — April 23. 
Farquharson, Col. Sir John, k.c.b.— July 3. 
Ferguson, Lady, widow of Sir Samuel Ferguson, 

q.c. (aged SI).— March 5. 
Gallwey, Lady, wife of Lt.-Gen. Sir T. L. J. Gallwey, 

k.c.m.g.— May 15. 
Cell, Sir James, Kt. Bach., cv.o. (aged 82).— 

March 12. 

Gerard, Gen. Sir Montagu Gilbert, k.c.b., k.c.s.i.— 
July 26. 

Glyn, Gen. Sir Julius Richd., k.c.b. (aged 81).— 
June 16. 

Gosselin, Sir Martin Le M. Hadsley, g.c.v.o., k.c.m.g., 
c.b— Feb. 26. 

Gregory, Hon. Sir Augustus Chas.. k.c.m.g. (aged85). 

—June 24, 
Groves, Sir John, Kt. Bach.— Oct. 2. 
Hamond, Sir Chas. Fredc, Kt. Bach, (aged 87).— 

M rch 2. 

Haslett, Sir Jas. Horner, Kt. Bach., m.p.— Aug. 18. 
Hay (Drummond-), Sir Fras. Ringler, Kt. Bach.— 

June 2. 

Ilennessy, Maj.-Gen. Sir Geo. Robertson, k.c.b.— 
J uly 26. 

Herbert, Hon. Sir Robt. G. Wyndham, g.cb.— 

May 5 

Hill, Lady, widow of Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm. Hill, k.c.s.i. 

—Dec. 18, 1904. 
Howard, Sir Richd. Nich., Kt. Bach , Coroner for 

S. Dorset —Nov. 25 (too late for p. 368). 
Humphry, Lady, widow of Sir Geo. M. Humphry 

(aged 80).— June 14. 



Hutt, Lady, widow of Maj.-Gen. Sir Geo. Hutt, k.c.b. 
—Sept. 29. 

Irving', Sir Henry (Jno. H. Brodribb-Lrving), Kt. 

Bach— Oct. 13. 
Leech, Lady, wife of Sir Bosdin T. Leech, Kt. Bach. 

— Nov. 3. 

Logan, Lady, widow of Sir T. G. Logan, k.c.b.— 

Nov. 23. (To late for page 424). 
Low, Sir Hugh, g.c.m.g. (aged 80).— April 18. 
Menzies, Sir William Jno., Kt. Bach., w.s.— Oct. 14. 
Michel, Lady, widow of Fd.-Marsh. Rt. Hon. Sir Jno. 

Michel, g.c.b. (aged 85).— A ug. 16. 
Morice, Lady, widow of Sir Geo. Morice, k.c.m.g.— 

Oct. 17. 

Morphett, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Morphett (aged 

W).-May 6. 
Muir, Sir William, k.c.s.i. (aged 85).— July 11. 
Murshidabad. the Begum, c.i. (wife of Nawab, 
! g.c.i. e.).— May. 

Nares, Lady, wife of Vice-Adm. Sir G. S. Nares, 

k.c.b. — Nov. 2. 
Neligan, Lady, wife of his Honour Judge Sir J. C. 

Neligan.— Jan. 11. 
Oinmanney, Adm. Sir Erasmus, k.c.b., e.r.s. (aged 

90).— Dec. 21, 1901. 
Palgrave, Lady, widow of Sir Regd. Falgrave.K.c.B.— 

July 19. 

Palitana, Sir Mansinghji Sursinghji, Thakur Saheb 

of, k.c.s.i. — August. 
Petre, Sir Geo. Glynn, k.c.m.g., c.b. (aged 82).— 

May 17. 

Phear, Sir John Budd, Kt. Bach, (aged 80).— April 7. 
Pilkington, Sir Wm. Handcock, Kt. Bach.— June -IS. 
Plowden (Chichele-), Sir Trevor Jno., k c.s.i.— Nov. 5. 
Porter, Sir Neale, k.c.m.g.— April 15. 
Reid, Sir T. Wemyss, Kt. Bach— Feb. 26. 
Rennie, Sir Richd. Temple, Kt. Bach.— April 14. 
Ross, Gen. Sir John, g.c.b.— Jan. 5. 
Russell, Sir Peter Nicol, Kt. Bach, (aged 89).— 
July 10. 

Ryder, fir Geo. Lisle, k.c.b— June 30. 

Scoble, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew R. 

Scoble, k.c.s.i— Dec. 15, 1904. 
Shea, Hon. Sir Ambrose, k.c.m.g. (aged 90).— 

July 30. 

Shelford, Sir William, k.c.m.g.— Oct. 3. 
Sibbald, Sir John, m.d., e.r.s.e.— April 19. 
Stewart, Sir Donald Wm., k.c.m.g.— Oct. 1. 
Stewart, Gen. Sir Richd. Campbell, k.c.b.— Dec. 14, 

Symonds, Lady, widow of of the Fleet Sir 

Thos. M. C. Symonds, g.c.b.— Aug. 18. 
Tanner, Lady, wife of Lt.-Gen. Sir O. V. Tanner, 

k.c.b.— Feb. 14. 
Taylor, Gen. Sir Richd. C. H., g.c.b. (aged 85).— 

Dec. 6, 1904. 
Tennant, Hon. Sir David, k.c.m.g— March 29. 
Trotter, Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry, g. c.v.o.— July 16. 
Wallington, Lady, wife of Col. Sir J. W. Wallington, 

k.c.b— Oct. 26. 
Wharton, Rear-Adm. Sir Wm. J. Lloyd, k.c.b., 

f.r.s.— Sept. 28. 
White, Lady, wife of Sir Henry A. White, Kt. Bach. 

—April 16. 

Williams, Sir George, Kt. Bach, (aged 83).— Nov. 6. 
Willis, Sir William, Kt. Bach, (aged 83) — Sept. 28. 
Willox, Sir Jno. Archibald, Kt. Bach.— June 16. 
Willox, Lady, wife of preceding.— Dec. 14, 1904. 
Wilson, Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. William, k.c.b.— Oct. 25. 
Wilson, Sir Jacob, k.c.v.o. (just promoted).— 
July 11. 

Wright, Sir Thomas, Kt. Bach.— Aug. 5. 

Knights' Companions. 

Bald, Maj. Alf. Campbell, D.s.o.— April 4. 
Bateson, Lt.-Gen. Richard, c.v.o.— Sept. 11. 
Bayly, Gen. John, c.b. (aged 83).— March 12. 
Belilios, Hon. Emanl. Raphael, c.m.g.— Nov . 11. 
Bird, Col. Stanley George, c.b— April 18. 
Blair, Gen. James, c.b., U(C.— 
Blanford, William Thomas, c.i.e., f.r.s.— June 23. 
Bonham, Lt.-Col. Walter Floyd, d.s.o.— May 14. 

Brice, Maj.-Gen. Geo. Tito, c.b. (just appointed).— 

Sept. 22. 
Brown, John, c.m.g.— July 11. 
Burney, Col. Ernest Henry, c.b.— June 16. 
Carr, Lieut. Geo. S. Quartano, r.n., c.m.g.— Sept. 19. 
Chitty, Com. Arthur Whatley, c.i.e. (aged 80).— 

June 18. 

Clarke (Wiseman-), Lt.-Gen. Somerset M., c.b.— 
July 30. 

Clerk, Capt. Claude, c.i.e.— June 23. 
Cooke, Lt.-Gen. Anthony Chas., c.b.— April 6. 
Crabbe, Brig. -Gen. Eyre M. Stewart, c.b.— March 8. 
Craig, Capt. Stuart Edwin, d.s.o.— Nov. 29,1904. 
Cresswell, Col. Pearson Robt., c.b.— Nov. 22 (too late 

for page 223). 
Cribb, Henry Hatfield, i.s.o.— Oct. 26. 
Cuningham, Surg. - Gen. Jas. Macnabb, c.s.i.— 

June 26. 

Delafosse, Maj.-Gen. Henry Geo., c.b.— Feb. 10. 
Downes, Comsry.-Gen. Arthur Wm-, c.b.— Sept. 19. 
Drew, Maj.-Gen. Francis Barry, c.b. (aged SO).— 
May 10. 

Ford, William, c.s.i. (aged 83).— June 18. 
Graves, Col. Benj. Chamney, c.b.— M arch 26. 
Hammet, Vice-Adml. Jas. Lacon, c.v.o.— Feb. 15. 
Harman, Lt.-Col. Richard, d-s.o.— Feb. 11. 
Harrison, Herb. W. Broadley, c.m.g.— Sept. 28. 
Hoste, Maj.-Gen. Dixon Edwd., c.b.— Sept. 10. 
levers, Robt. Wilson, c.m.g.— Feb. 13. 
Impey, Wm. H. Lockington, c.s.i— May 1. 
Jarvis, Maj.-Gen. Saml. Peters, c.m.g. (aged 84).— 
March 26. 

Johnston, Henry Joseph, c.t.e— March 13. 
Jones, Jno. Frank, c.m.g.— Feb. 8. 
Lambert (Drummond-), Vet. Col. James 1 , c.b.— 
Feb. 27. 

Lane (Moore-), Col. Geo. Howard, c.m.g.— June 11. 
Laurie, Col. Robert Peter, c.b.— July 29. 
Lawrence, Col. Alex. John, c.i.e.— Aug. 4. 
Lewis (Owen-), Maj. Cyril Alex., d.s.o— Nov. 10. 
Lowry, Lt.-Gen. Robt. William, c.b. (aged 81).— 
J une 8. 

Mackinnon, Lt.-Col. Henry W. Alex., d.s.o.— 

March 24. 
Molloy, Col. Edward, c.b.— Feb. 4. 
Montague, Maj.-Gen. William Edwd., c.b.— June 5. 
Nesbitt, Lt.-Col. Richd. Athol, c.b.— Sept. 11. 
Nicol, Henry, c.b. (aged 83).— April 8. 
Nicolas, Nicholas Harris, c.b.— March 23 (incorrectly 

reported to us as deceased last year). 
Ozanne, Edwd. Charles, c.s.i.— Jan. 28. 
Peyton, Gen. Francis, c.b. (aged 81).— Feb. 7. 
Pipon, Gen. Philip Gosset, c.b. (aged 81).— Nov. 3. 
Poole, Col. Arthur James, c.b.— Oct. 1. 
Pottinger, Col. Eldred Thos., c.m.g.— Nov. 10. 
Protheroe, Maj.-Gen. Montague, c.b., c.s.i— July 2. 
Rhodes, Col. Francis Wm., c.b., d.s.o.— Sept. 21. 
Sadler, Col. Alfred, m.v.o.— March 14. 
Salusbury, Maj.-Gen. Fredc Octavius, c.b. (aged 86). 

J une 22. 

Sassoon, Reuben David, m.v.o.— March 7. 

Saunders, Jno. O'Brien, c.i.e.— Feb. 9. 

Sawyer, Hon. Robt. Henry, c.m.g.— April 15. 

Sharpe, Rev. Thos. Wetherherd, c.b.— Sept. 25. 

Smith, Col. Howard William, c.b.— Jan. 3. 

Stevens, Geo. William, i.s.o.— Jan. 23. 

Stewart, Col. Chas. Edwd., c.b., c.m.g., c.i.e.— 

Dee. 26, 1904. 
Swaine, Henry M., i.s.o.- Sept. 5. 
Tennant, Maj. Jno. Trenchard, c.b— Dec. 11, 1904. 
Tally, Kivas, i.s.o.— April (end, or early in May). 
Tully, Col. Thomas, m.v.o.— Sept. 14 (w T eek after 

gazetting of promotion). 
Van Koughnet, Capt. Edmd. Parker, c.m.g., r.n.— 

March 27. 

Walker, Maj.-Gen. Alexander, c.s.i.— Feb. 21. 
Wardrop, Col. Fredc. Meyer, c.b.— Sept. 2. 
Watkin, Col. Henry S. Spiller, c.b— March 31. 
Weldon, Col. Thomas, c.i.e.— Nov. 9. 
Williamson, Alexander, c.m.g.— March 19. 
Wilson, Maj.-Gen. Eras. Edwd. Edwards, c.b.— 
Sept. 21. 

Yaldwyn, Lt.-Col. Alfred Geo., d.s.o.— Feb. 7. 



H. S.H., His [Her] Serene Highness. 

I. A., Indian Army. 
I.C.S., Indian Civil Service. 
I.M.S., Indian Medical Service. 

I.S.C., Indian Staff Corps (now Ind. Army). 
I.S.O., Imperial Service Order. 
I.W.,Isle of Wight. 
K.C., King's Counsel. 
K.C.B., Knight Commander of the Bath. 
K.C.H., Knight Commander of Hanover. 
K.C.I.E., Knight Commander of Indian Empire. 
K.C.M.G., ditto of St. Michael and St. George. 
K. C.S.I. , Knight Commander of the Star of India. 
K.C. V.O., ditto of Royal Victorian Order. 
K.G., Knight of the Garter. 
K.H., Knight of Hanover (not a 
K.P., Knight of St. Patrick. 
K.T., Knight of the Thistle. 
Kt. Bach., Knight Bachelor. 
L.C.C., London County Council. 
L.I., Light Infantry. 
L.K.Q.C.P., Licentiate, &c. (see M.K.Q.C.P.). 
LL.B., Bachelor of Laws ; LL.D., Doctor of do. 
LL.M., Master of Laws. 

L.R.C.P., Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. 
L.S.A., Licentiate of Society of Apothecaries. 
L.S.B., London School Board. 
M., Marquess. 

M.B., Bachelor of Medicine ; M.D., Doctor of do. 

M.E.C., Member of Executive Council. 

M.I.C.E., Member of Inst, of Civil Engineers. 

M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., do. Electr. and Mechan. Engrs. 

M.K.Q.C.P., Memb. of King & Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

M.L.A., Member of Legislative Assembly. 

M.L.C., ditto Council. 

M.R.A.S., Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.P., Member of Royal College of Physicians. 

M.R.C.S., Member of Royal College of Surgeons. 

M.R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 

M.R.I.A., Member of Royal Irish Academy. 

M.S.C., Madras Staff Corps. 

Mus.D. [B.], Doctor [Bachelor] of Music. 

M.V.O., Member of Royal Victorian Order. 

N.I., Native Infantry. 

N.S.. Nova Scotia. 

N.S.W., New South Wales. 

N.W.P.[T.], North West Provinces [Territory]. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 

O.M., Order of Merit. 

P. (inP.R.S. &c), President— see F.R.S., R.A., &c. 

P.C., Privy Councillor. 

Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy. 

Q.C., Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M.G., Quartermaster-General. 

Q.S., Quarter Sessions. 

R. A., Royal Artillery or Royal Academy. 

R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music. 

R.A.M.C., Roy. Army Medical Corps. 

R.E., Royal Engineers. 

R.H. A., Roy. Horse Artill. or Roy. Hibern. Acad. 

R.I. A., Royal Irish Academy. 

R.M.A., Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I., Royal Marine Lt. Infantry. 

R.N., Royal Navy ; R.N.R., do. Reserve. 

R.R.C., Royal Red Cross. 

R.S.A., Royal Scottish Academician. 

R.S.O., Railway Sub-office. 

S.P.G., Society for Propagation of the Gospel. 

Supt.. Superintendent. 

T.R.H., Their Royal Highnesses. 

V., Viscount. 

V.A , Victoria and Albert (Order of). 

1T(£, Victoria Cross. 

V.D., Volunteer Officers' Decoration. 

W.S., Writer to the Signet. 

Y.M.C.A., Young Men's Christian Association. 

A.A.G., Assistant Adjutant-General. 
A.D.C., Aide-de-Camp. 
A.G., Adjutant-General. 

A.I.C.E., A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. (Memb.) Inst. Civ. Engrs 
A.M.S., Army Medical Staff. 
A.Q.M.G., Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

A. S.C., Army Service Corps. 

B. C.L., Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.C.S., Bengal Civil Service. 
B.D., Bachelor of Divinity. 
Bn., Baron. 

Bomb. S.C., Bombay Staff Corps. 
Bp., Bishop. 

B. S.C., Bengal Staff Corps. 

C. B., Companion of the Bath. 
C.C., County Council. 
C.E., Civil Engineer. 
Chmn., Chairman. 
C.I., Crown of India (Order of). 
CLE., Companion of Indian Empire. 
C.I.V., City Imperial Volunteers. 
C.M.G., Companion of St. Michael and St. George. 
CM S., Church Missionary Society. 
Cmttee., Committee. 
Com., Commander. 
Commissr. , Commissioner. 
Commssn., Commission. 
Comsry., Commissary. 
Cons., Consul or Consulting. 
OS., Civil Service. 

C.S.I. , Companion of the Star of India. 

C. V.O., Commander of Royal Victorian Order. 

D. , Duke. 

D.A.G., Deputy Adjutant-General. 
D.C.L., Doctor of Civil Law. 
Dep., Deputy. Dept., Department. 
Dir., Director. 
D.L., Deputy Lieutenant. 
D. Litt., Doctor of Literature. 
D.Sc, Doctor of Science. 

D. S.O., Distinguished Service Order. 

E. , Earl. 

Engr., Engineer. 

F. C.S., Fellow of the Chemical Society. 
F.G.S., Fellow of the Geological Society. 
F.K.Q.C.P., Pell, of King and Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 
F.L.S., Fellow of the Linuean Society. 
F.R.A.S., Fellow of the Royal Astronom. Society. 
F.R.C.I., Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. 
F.R.C.S., Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. 
F.R.C.S.E., dittoof Edinburgh ;F.R.C.S.I., of Ireland. 
F.R.C.V.S., Fellow of Roy. Coll. of Vet. Surgeons. 
F.R.G.S., Fellow of the Royal Geograph. Society. 
F.R.H.S., Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 
F.R.I. B.A., Fellow of the Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects 
F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society. 
F.R.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 
F.R.S.L., Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. 
F.R.S.S., Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
F.S.A., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F. Z.S., Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B., Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 
G.C.H., Knight Grand Cross of Hanover. 
G.C.I.E., Knight (id. Commander Indian Empire. 
G.C.M.G., Kt. Gd. Cross St. Michael and St. George. 
G.C.S.I., Knight Grand Commander Star of India. 
G.C.V.O., Knight Gd. Cross Royal Victorian Order. 
G.M.B., Great Master of the Bath. 

G. M.P., Grand Master of St. Patrick similarly 
G.M.I.E., G.M.M.G., and G.M.S.I. 

II. E., His Excellency. 

H. E.I.C.S., Hon. East India Company's Service. 
II.G.D.II., His [Her] Grand Ducal Highness. 
H.H., His [Her] Highness. 
H.I.H., His [Her] Imperial Highness. 
H.I.M., His [Her] Imperial Majesty. 

Also— aftds., afterwards ; appd., appointed ; b., born; cons., consecrated ; cr., created; d., died; 
el., elected ; mar. or mrrd., married ; ord., ordained (deacon) ; pres., presumptive or present; prev., 
previously ; q.v. {quod vide), "which see " (a common form of reference) ; rem., removed ; res., resigned ; 
ret., retired ; sue, succeeded ; with many more which need not be cited. The common French word 
nee (born) is used to denote the maiden name of a married lady ; the masculine n& is occasionally 
employed of a gentleman who has since adopted some other surname. Be jure, " by right." 




The Kingdom, its Rulers, and Titles.— An English Sovereign is now Sovereign of 
the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not been so always, in the case 
of Scotland the sovereignty not being amalgamated till 1603 and the countries with 
their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in that of Ireland the country was first 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. For three centuries from the Plantagenet times the English Kings were styled 
"Lords of Ireland;" Henry the Eighth was the tirst to substitute the title of King; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801. 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the first and third 
succeeded him as the Fourth George and William. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, our late Queen, 
who, by the law of succession, took precedence of the fifth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth by Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther ; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his own Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Third Edward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded her late Majesty from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at t\\Q fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia. — The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spurs. Of the crowns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, the Heraldic, Queen Victoria's, 
and King Edward's. The last of these, however, is really identical with the second, so 
that, to avoid confusion between "King Edward " and " Saint Edward," we shall in the 
further portions of this Introduction designate the form of crown worn by our present 
Sovereign by the older term Heraldic," and for the same reason we shall apply the 
word "Imperial "to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King Edward's 
Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting "arches" rising sharply from 
their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward's Crown has 
these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rise almost perpendicularly 
to the bend, at which they are nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
the miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by her late Majesty. The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward's 
Crown, which was so called from a supposed resemblance (though a very remote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 
and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upper 
rim of its principal circle entirely even, whilst those of the Victoria and King Edward's 


2 Introduction. 

Crowns are wrought into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rim four 
crosses-pattee alternating with four fleurs-de-lis— the former ornaments denoting the 
Sovereign's religious headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion. 
The crown in each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every part with a blaze of 
jewels. The four crosses-pattee are frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe 
incorrectly, their limbs not being cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind 
the crosses, and above their intersecting point over the crown of the head is a miniature of 
the "orb" to be presently described— both arches and baD being completely overlaid 
with jewellery. The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds 
(brilliant, rose, or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including 
one stated to have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was 3lb. 3J0Z. troy, and we 
read that a crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something over 7lb., whilst 
even that of George the Fourth weighed s\\h. 

Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the 
French monde, so that the idea of a world-wide domination is implied equally by either 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up the entire device to a 
height of 11 inches. The globular portion is of gold, and is engirt with a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres— the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal Sceptre, 
2§ ft. in length, borne in the King's right hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb 
pretended to contain wood from the true Cross), over 45ft. in length, carried before the 
King in the coronation procession ; and the Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, 3! ft. 
in length, placed in the King's left hand : these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished 
by a "mound," from which the dove, when there is one, appears to spring. The Queen 
Consort has also her Sceptre with the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of 
these being known also as the Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it 
is girded on to the Sovereign at his coronation, and this was done even in the case of 
Queen Anne, but Victoria, who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by 
having it placed in her hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign 
at this ceremony, but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword 
of Mercy (called, like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, "Curtana"), an 
unpointed weapon ; the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather 
obtusely ; and the Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp- pointed. Finally 
come the Spurs, called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), which 
are without rowels, but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. 
The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was not among those figuring in 
the late ceremony. The Bracelets have been wholly discontinued, but their Latin 
name Armillae " has been confused with the " Armil " or Stole, which is called 
" Armilla " in the Gazette account of the late coronation. Other royal insignia or ac- 
cessories of that ceremony may be thus described : 

The Coronation Chair or St. Edward's Chair (distinct from both the Recognition Chair and the 
Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to have been made in the reign of Edward the First, who had 
brought from Scotland the sacred Inauguration Stone, and had it embedded beneath the seat of this 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartz but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in inches 26 x i6| x 10* ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
(where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, whom he sent to Ireland with an army), 
and before even this it was said to have come from Egypt— in fact, it was the identical stone used by 
Jacob for a pillow ! Another story represents it to have been hauled up out of the sea, in the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailors of Simon Brek himself . Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
k 'locked all this nonsense on the head, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been 
almost certainly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The Ampulla, called also the Golden Eagle, is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its wings 
outspread, its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw off for reception of the oil. some 6oz., 
which is poured out through the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Virgin to St. Thomas a Bccket, who gave it in charge to a monk of Poictiers, who again secreted it— with 
other similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a churchat that place, whence they came 
into the hands of the Mack Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Anointing Oil is now pure olive; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or 
cream. 1 1 is consecrated previous to the ceremony. In an account of Queen Anne's coronation we read 
that, the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine linen or fine 
Lorn hart wool." 

The Anointing Spoon is of pure gold with four pearls in the broadest part of the handle and finely 
chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appear to be very ancient. Its length is about 10 ins., 
the bowl 2* ins. 

The Colobium SindonU is a sleeveless garment of fine white linen, worn by Kings only. This is the 
first of the garments to be put on after the anointing, and it corresponds to the alb of a priest. The 
Supertunioa, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of rioh cloth of gold with purple 

Relatives of the Sovereign. 3 

embroidered tissue. A " girdle " used in the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, Armil, or 
Armilla. Lastly the Dalmatic Robe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 
loosely over the shoulders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles. 

The Ruby Ring, which has been styled by some the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
the back a large violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 26 diamonds : itis jointed 
like a bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to this ornament also. King 
Edward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " fayre old man," to whom, 
having nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
to lose their way in the Holy Land, where " there came to them a fayre ancient man, wyth whyte heer for 
age." Having learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and . . . brought 
theym in the ryghte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was, and sayd, ' I am J ohan the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng, that I grete him well 
by the token that he gaff to me thys rynge with his own handes, whych rynge ye shalle delyver to hym 
agayne ; ' and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym sodenly."— Goldene 
Legencle, p. 187. 

The King's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into Westminster Hall and 
challenging any gainsayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir W. Dugdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Marmion. in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the extinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Dymoke, by one of whose 
descendants, Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the last Coronation, when the decision of the 
Court of Claims against the application must be regarded as the extinction of the office itself. 

Accession of a New Sovereign.— From the time of Henry the Eighth it has been 
a recognised constitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
heir becomes his already constituted successor. A meeting of the Privy Council is 
the first procedure, and Parliament is also summoned, the Commons being no longer 
subject to immediate dissolution as was the case previous to the Reform Act of 1867. 
The Councillors, Lords, and Commons are all re-sworn, and public proclamation is 
made of the accession of the new Sovereign, followed by notices of his having taken the 
oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, of his own choice of title, and 
of the continuance in their posts of persons in civil or military employment. A state 
procession on the next day, from St. James's Palace to the City, makes further an- 
nouncement of the change of ruler. For further details, with a full account of the 
Coronation itself , we must refer to our issues of 1903 and 1904. The Coronation Oath, 
it may be well to state, consists in a sworn affirmative response to each of the following 
questions : 

Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the people of this United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament agreed 
on, and the respective laws and customs of the same ?— Will you to your power cause law and justice, in 
mercy, to be executed in all your judgments ?— Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws 
of God, the true profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? 
And will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, 
worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England? And will you preserve 
unto the bishops and clergy of England, and to the Church therein committed to their charge, all such 
rights and privileges as by law do or shall appertain to them, or any of them? 

The Queen-Consort. — When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a variety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The ecclesiastic charged with the office of crowning her is the Archbishop 
of York. The Queen-Consort's Crown, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 
"the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Dowager. — This royal lady, of whom the last example was Queen 
Adelaide, widow of William the Fourth, remains in most respects in the same position 
as when she was Queen-Consort, but it is no longer high treason, as it then was, to con- 
spire her death. No man can marry her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, 
but she does not forfeit her royalty by marriage with a subject. 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attached any 
special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman can 
•eceive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
hree examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
hough the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
Qost rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
[uitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 

C 2 



for years been known simply as "Prince Albert," received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Royal Highness." I 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne, constitutes the third example. I 

The Heik to the Thkone. — This Royal personage is styled " the Heir 
Apparent " if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is "presumed "that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. For the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Pkince of Wales.— The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) son of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth ; hence the delay which occurred in the present instance. He is by 
right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, ] 
Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward or Seneschal of 
Scotland, and Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the Sovereign's pleasure he is created 
by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, the patent testifying that he is con- 
firmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the girding on of a sword, the delivering j 
of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring on his finger and a golden staff in his 
hand, according to custom," all at the hands of his royal parents ; the additional titles 
of Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, borne (in either the mascu- 
line or feminine form) alike by King Edward when Prince and his royal brothers 
and sisters, are an inheritance from their father and descend also to the children of His 
Majesty's brothers. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority 
in his case does not count, though, by the present King, his seat as Prince was not I 
taken until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent j 
a son of his own would naturally succeed to the generality of his titles, but there is a 
limitation as to that of Duke of Cornwall which excludes the son of a Prince of Wales 
who has died in the King his father's lifetime : thus George the Third never held the I 
title. But a brother can succeed thereto, being the eldest surviving son of a King, as 
was ultimately decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and Charles the First, and so with 
the present Prince. The title, however, has been dormant more than once, and Richard 
the Second received it by a new creation. Sir H. Nicolas enumerates six Royal Princes I 
born Dukes of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales, namely, Kings 
Henry and Edward the Sixth, two sons (besides this latter) of Henry the Eighth 
(who died at birth or in infancy), an infant son of Charles the First, and the Old 
Pretender," to whom, however, some do assign the title. This title of Prince of J 
Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince "free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs ; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in even- 
instance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above string of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally passed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in siipplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that "Carrick" is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in sound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the Crown, 
was when extant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland ; in fact, " Knight 
of St. Patrick " is the heir's only distinctively Irish honour, and the Duke of Cumber- 
land is the only member of the Royal Family who has an Irish peerage. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's^ Feathers, consisting of three ostrich plumes, customarily figured 

Royal Family — The Peerage and its Degrees. 


as drooping, though in 1878 this form was abandoned for the older one in which the 
feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of these is an antique coronet, 
pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for " I serve") 
— both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black Prince from the head of the 
King of Bohemia, wh© was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's Crown except 
that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb) and is of gold 
without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a gold lace above it ; that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Princess Royal. — The Sovereign's eldest daughter bears this title, so that it now 
accrues to the Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife, whose reception of it has, however, been 
deferred. The law hedges her about as a possible successor to the throne, but this 
privilege extends to no younger Prince or Princess. Her coronet is like that of her royal 
sisters as below. 

■ Remainder of the Royal Family. — Younger daughters enjoy no special precedence 
like the preceding, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when they enter the House of 
Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales (of course we are speaking in a 
general way, not of present conditions). Their seats in that House are to the left 
of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of the Sovereign, they are converted from 
sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. 
This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
according to the dates of their patents alone : this is at the present time the case with 
the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of "Royal Highness" is due to his father 
having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence — that fatj^er, being 
a King's grandson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uncles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated " Royal 
Highness," and the latter term is bestowed also upon grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sons, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of "the Blood," and, in common with 
randchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as ' ' Highness " only, though the 
usbands of those daughters often receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. Those 
of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-pattee, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 


General Remarks. — The rules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complications that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed. 
All Peers of England are Peers of Parliament, and have been such from the creation of 
their titles, except in those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. In 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peerages of equally long standing, and upon the succes- 
sive Unions of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
Imperial titles and summoned to the House of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes only variations in 
rank — as " Baron A." in place of " Earl of A.," or Earl instead of Marquess, or vice versd 
— the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
(which they most frequently are, but with numerous exceptions), the respective Peers' 
ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term ' ' Imperial " is convenient 



as covering three variations entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to and including 1707 are classed as " Peers of England " and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of 1800 all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland were called " Peers of Great Britain ; " and 
creations from the 1st of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as "Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages of older date than the Union which had become extinct — a 
function which had been dropped by her late Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Pathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived in the case of Baron Curzon of Kedleston, to allow of his returning to the House 
of Commons instead of entering the Lords (see immediately below). One apparent 
exception to the exclusion of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case 
of the Elected Representative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by 
their native titles, but do not hold them as hereditary members — those of Ireland as Life 
Peers, and those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further 
under " Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottish Peer ; but an Irish Peer who has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself. Viscount Palmerston, so long 
member for Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent ones have been 
afforded by Lords Fermoy, Kensington, Muncaster, Dunsany, and the Earl of Cavan, 
and we have one at present in Viscount Valentia. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 
quesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a general rule without 
this word._ But to this rule there are several exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, 
in spite of identity with the family name (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles 
Ashburnham, Cholmondeley, Coventry, Craven, Graham, Lytton, and Onslow, whilst it is 
omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, Brownlow, Camden, 
Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Eerrers, Manvers, MountCashell, Sondes, Strange, 
Temple of Stowe, and Winterton. A caution must also be observed as to assuming 
too readily that a local title gives the place of the Peer's principal residence or other 
connection ; for though this has usually been originally the case yet there have been 
numerous changes of location, and in particular there appears to have been a special 
fancy in the Irish Peerage for selecting a title which was, or would appear to be, 
English or Scottish, though perhaps chosen from some obscure Irish village of identical 
name-as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Eife, Kensington, Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of 
which titles are of Irish creation, though some of the Peers bearing them have since 
had Imperial titles also conferred. The following may be taken as a complete list of 
the titles in use of Marquesses and Earls which omit the " of " in modern practice : 






Brooke (Warwick) 








De La Warr 
Egerton of T. 

Fife (Irish title) 
















Talbot (Shrews.) 
Temple of S. 



Descent or succession of nobility commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for whilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, and in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher Peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
female descent except in the two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of whom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into abeyance," for which subject see below in the third 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 7 

paragraph under "Barons." A somewhat similar exercise of the prerogative to that 
by which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 
"House of Lords," of summoning to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. The succession to different titles is likely to perplex the novice, who 
finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom lapsed 
but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." There may be "limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though "extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general, "or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term is "heirs male general"); or a 
"special remainder" may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But 
the ordinary law is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former bearer 
of the same. Of course the direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a son to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his son or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heir, then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late Baron had been created an Earl, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special" or "general "remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one who was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a few patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may be 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if the Peerage 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires. 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the House of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belonging to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not compelled) to attend, when each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the Royal Gallery, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
white rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts were called in to give advice 
in the case of legal difficulties, and about two hundred members of the House of Peers 
sat as both judges and jury, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon then- 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this will have been the last. In cases of misde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tried by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinary 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
not liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
the Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Eorester there is, moreover, 
attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated with exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order — availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Eerrers — if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edward the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason, its 
force is absolute and annuls the title for ever ; but if only for felony, then if the title was 



granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 1 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case | I 
of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a ] 
descendant through a collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue j 
came to an end ; but if the peerage was held by letters-patent the attainder would j j 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be I 
met with in the Directory of an attainder being removed by Act of Parliament ; and j 1 
then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities as to how many | 
Peers of the title there have been. 

The arms of all Peers contain "supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical 
figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, j 
not "as Baronets," we are told, but the exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland 
rather the rule ; even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. 

Dukes. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been j 
primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl ; but its first 
employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of Edward the 
Third, when the Black Prince, who was already Earl of Chester, though not as yet 
Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. In English usage it is thus less ancient j 
than either Earl or Baron, though the military term "Dux " was common even among 
the Anglo-Saxons, whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke 
(indeed, it is remarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for i 
the tardiness of its adoption in England, they being reluctant to accord to their subjects ! 
a title making these seem equal with themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was 
the next creation, and others followed, though so sparingly that when in 1572 the Duke 
of Norfolk was executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was 
speedily revived, however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Richmond 
and Buckingham ware created in 1623 ; whilst Charles the Second restored with full 
precedence the attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles 
in the English Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and 
Peer; the Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier Duke of Scotland, and the Duke of 
Leinster (1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are 
— 22 Imperial (besides Princes of the Blood Royal), 7 Scottish (besides the heir to the 
throne), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created by the ceremony of girding on a 
sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. They are now, like Peers 
generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled in official language " Most 
Noble," but conventionally and more commonly " His Grace ; " in very formal style 
he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and Noble Prince," and by the 
Sovereign, "Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin," adding "and 
Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," according to Blackstone, 
began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in some way with every 
Earl in the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the others, Barons only 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over 
a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger 
Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- 
berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, 
as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white 
taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- 
zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold 
lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives 
place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, 
the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same 
occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of which is furred with miniver five 
inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black • 
ermine : train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet and cap are like the Duke's. 

A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore 
follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

* Ermine takes its name from the ermine weasel, which in winter is pure white with the exception of the hlack 
tips of the tail : these tips are used to form the variegations in the regular ermine as well as the dark hars. 
Miniver is strictly the pure white fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied to 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq., 

commonly called the Marquess of ." As a rule, he takes by courtesy his father's 

second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," and once (Somerset) only "Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only " Bight Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
A Duke's younger sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never taking the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word " Lord " to their Christian names. So a Duke's 
daughters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
ness, "and rank after these and the wives of Dukes' eldest sons; whilst if a Duke's 
daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Marquesses. — The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Richard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of 
Dublin, when the King performed the ceremony of girding a sword to his side and 
placing a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made the 
Earl of Somerset Marquess of Dorset ; but no further instance occurs till the reign of 
Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from Marchio, a title previously 
employed in the description of both Earls and Barons, especially of those who were 
" Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The French 
form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means gone 
out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in ' The Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption 
as a travelling-title — which it must be confessed is rather a reason for wishing it abolished 
than for proving it to be wrong: indeed, in old usage we have met with the form 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marquis." We have, however, both here 
and in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the more favoured form 
with the upper circles. The German title corresponding to it is Markgraf, which 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which 
happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; 
but in the year 1532 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Roll of Marquesses so styled, is premier 
in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged in the Leinster dukedom, 
has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 23 Imperial Mar- 
quesses, 4 Scottish, and 10 Irish. The style of a Marquess is "Most Honourable," 
not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under "Dukes"). 

As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called "pearls "), slightly raised on points (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry-leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller ; her robe has three and a half rows of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, while the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 

A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of " Dukes " applies here also. 
See, for all degrees, the "Table of Precedency " and "Forms of Addressing." 

Earls. — This degree is much older than either of the preceding, as well as much more 
numerous. Blackstone says that ' ' Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin 
cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much seems tolerably certain, that among the 
Saxons they were called Ealdormen, quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior or 
Senator among the Romans : and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil 
government of a several division or shire. Oa the irruption of the Danes they changed 
the name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their language. 
In Latin they are called Comites from being the King's attendants. . . . After the 



Norman conquest they were called Counts* or Countees from the French ; but they did not 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires are from them called counties to 
this day." This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans with simply an altered 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriators who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the 
Third "Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only dignities existing 
in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest rank of nobility then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two 
or perhaps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons — within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. A 
lower order was made Earl of a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denarium or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court ; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst in 
Scotland and Ireland the proportion is larger still — in Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quite so 
disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are — Imperial 124, Scottish 45, Irish 62. "For many centuries," says Sir Harris 
Nicolas, f "earldoms have always been conferred by letters-patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of creating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in this country, 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Roll the Earl of Shrewsbury and 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year 1100, being given precedence 
of 1404 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1228), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl ifpon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland 
we have been directed to the earldom of Karrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde mar- 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a believer in its genuineness, can find no proof as 
to when such title was conferred, and thus the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) 
must stand first in antiquity (1316), whilst the Earl of Waterford (1446), who is also 
Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, 
and Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
Sovereign, " Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under " Dukes "). 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of any other 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden rays which reach to the 
top of the cap and have small golden strawberry-leaves alternating between them. His 
mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine, &c. A 
Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of ermine, 
a miniver edging three inches in breadth, and a train a yard and a half on the ground. 

An Earl's eldest son is " born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that 
courtesy-title; but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected. 
Younger sons are esteemed as equal to Barons, but all daughters as Viscountesses; these 
latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
I (though only a part of that unfair elevation of daughters over all sons but the eldest 
which runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies " and 
"Right Honourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables. " 
Again see at the conclusion of ' ' Dukes "and under ' ' Peers by Courtesy " and ' ' Addressing. " 

* The title "Count" is now purely honorary in France. 

t As the name of this learned herald is liable to be misspelt we may observe that its correct and complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (fumiliarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," as Hood ealls him in ' Miss Kilmansegg '). 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 

1 1 

Viscounts. — This degree, like that of Marquesses, has been but sparingly conferred, 
though a very appreciable addition to its numbers has been made during the past twelve 
years or so. The word, however, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-comes, 
Earl's Deputy or Sheriff, which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal 
application in France ; but its first employment as designating a rank in the English 
nobility was in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated J ohn, Lord Beaumont, to the title of 
Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the succession to 
heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been observed in the creation of 
this degree as of others. Twice it became wholly extinct, but it was finally revived in 
I S5° by the elevation of Baron Ferrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor being now 
the Premier Viscount upon the Roll. In Ireland this degree is proportionally more 
numerous than in England, there being now 37 to English 38, the premier being Viscount 
Gormanston (1478) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it. numbers but four (now that that of 
Stratballan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falkland (1620) for premier 
upon the Roll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Easl of Mar and Kellie, as holder of the 
premier viscounty. At first a viscounty was simply the advancement of a barony, and then 
its superior accompaniment ; but modern Viscounts have usually no second title, though 
exceptions do crop up as in the creation in 1900 of Viscount Ridley, who is also Baron 
Wensleydale. It is stated in ' The Book of the Court ' that any English Premier on 
retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice it would be far better to say this of every 
Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the Premiers of the nineteenth century, we 
note three who were made Earls, one a Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired 
without any advancement, the remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon 
entering office. A Viscount is designated by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and 
well-beloved cousin." 

The insignia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls (this 
is the number enjoined at coronations, but fourteen may often be found in books) ; 
and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine (i.e. three on the right side 
and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son and his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no definite equivalent, now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsolete, but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title "Honourable." 

Bakons. — The word "Baron" is supposed by some to have been derived from the 
Celtic Ber or Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural 
Barones). The Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegnes or " Thanes," and these terms, 
as well as the later one "Baron," were employed both for ecclesiastics and laymen, to 
designate those men of rank who were about the King. " Baron " came thus, for a long 
period, to be prefixed to the names of saints {e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), and after it 
"Monsieur" was similarly used down to the fifteenth century: in France the nobles 
would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of "Baron," and we read that the family 
of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la Chretiente." A Thane 
under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required to possess "fully five 
hides of his own land," together with a church, a "borough-gate" where he could dis- 
pense justice on the Scripture model, and a "kitchen and bell-house " for the exercise of 
hospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. The Normans 
either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule that we come 
to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure in the history 
of this degree. 

These were the Barons by Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
of them were leading citizens, they were as distinctly" subordinated to the Earls of their 
respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordinate to themselves. But 
this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons " was used conventionally for 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montf ort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as " Simon de 
Montf ort with other Barons," though in the same sentence he speaks of the "Earls and 
Barons of the realm of England." And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 



immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were 
"Barons and Earls" to the King became "Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached 
to each " f ee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell | 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons 
to the Great Council. But by the time of John many of the Barons had become greatly 
impoverished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the whole of 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into 
Barones Majores and Barones Minores, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. 
These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively by the Sheriff : hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses (accomplished 1332). As yet, 
however, the Lower House was not really established, and the Greater Barons con- 
stituted the only regular Legislature for another halt -century. Baronies by Tenure 
have now been long a thing of the past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there had 
been none " for many ages," though there is still an earldom — that of Arundel — which 
is attached to the ducal house of Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel Castle. 

The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted them were the Barons by Writ. We 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- 
self vouchsafed to direct his writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time was 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election, " along with 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear 
to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, 
and leaving the others to the Sheriff. The still existing Baronies then named are those 
of De Ros, Le Despencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), 
whilst in the line of Camoys [q. v.) the first Baron by writ was summoned twelve daysearlier 
than any of these ; but the validity of them all as to date has been contested, as noted in 
the Directory under Baron Mowbray. Following this we read of writs of summons 
in the nth year of Edward the First (1283), constituting a small number of Barons, 
among whom were those of Mowbray and Segrave' (titles since united in one noble- 
man) ; whilst in the 22nd of the same King there was published a decree commanding 
some sixty persons " to attend the King wherever he might be, to advise on the affairs 
of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients Peers of 
Parliament is by no means clear. In the year that followed, however (June 24, 1295), an 
unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one of its recipients. 
The writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony 
(Blackstone states that some had supposed two sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas 
shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the lineal heirs both male and 
female. Those writs are of the class termed Brevia clausa, from being " closed up " with 
yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
are occasions lly brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
stated under " General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
or daughter's descendant. In the case of females, primogeniture is disregarded in the 
succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family, nor yet with 
Peers of Scotland ; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 
succession, not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ ; but see under 

* Mr. Watford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the affect that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th year of Henry 
the Eirst) giving the degrees and seats of the Lords and Commons of that year as constituting one united body. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more than one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson {i.e. a son of one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only). Thus the abeyance 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a 
prerogative of the Crown which enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
first co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The succession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by letters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage ; in that of a male holding 
no such higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any new creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Poll of the Lords, for, 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons by Patent. Though a patent is now the only form 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern 
innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the 
Second in 1387. From this date for a long period the processes of writ and patent were 
followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the Great Seal, 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — generally limited to his own heirs male. Up 
to the thirteenth year of J ames the First the creation by letters-patent was accompanied 
by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver 5 but in that year it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all there are now 324 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom,* with 65 Irish, but only 
26 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Roll is that of De Ros 
dating from 1283. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," we find the Duke of Sutherland holding the barony or lordship of 
Strathnaver (1228), whilst Baron Forbes (about 1442) stands first upon the Roll. But 
the oldest barony of all is in the Irish Peerage, where (disregarding that of 
Howth and others which are by tenure only) that of Kingsale stands first upon the 
Roll, though not awarded till 1223 (Sir John de Courcy, the famous English 
champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having received no title of nobility 
whatever). A Baron is conventionally called "Lord." 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
" Baron" in the official titles. On this see further under "Scottish and Irish Peers " 
(page 21). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet — which from the time of Charles the Second 
has been denoted by six silver balls— and the mantle with two bars of white fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and 
daughters without distinction take the designation "Honourable." 

Note on Coronets and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending 
in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading 
insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be 
chased only. All alike have the cap of velvet, lined with white silk and turned up with 

1 4 Introduction. 

spotted ermine (page 8, note). The following are the distinctions among crowns and 
coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereign— 4 crosses-pattee and 4 fleurs-de-lis, with 2 arches. 
Prince of Wales—the same with only 1 arch. 
Princes of " Blood Royal "—the same with no arch. 

Princesses of ditto— 2 crosses-pattee, 2 strawberry-leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 
Princes and Princesses of " the Blood "—4 strawberry-leaves and 4 crosses-pattee. 
Dukes— 8 strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry-leaves and 4 " pearls " (silver balls) slightly mounted. 
Earls— -8 pearls mounted' on high golden rays with leaves alternating. 
Viscounts— 16 pearls, not mounted. 
Barons— & pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage those worn in Parliament are of scarlet cloth, lined 
with white taffeta and with rows or guards of ermine at equal distances with a gold lace 
above each — Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above in loc. ), 
Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The robes worn at coronations 
are of crimson velvet, either with a surcoat or having the mantle itself doubled to the 
elbow, with rows of dark spots on each shoulder corresponding in numbers to those under 
Parliamentary robes. The coronation mantles of Peeresses are likewise of crimson 
velvet, the capes furred with miniver pure and "powdered " with bars of ermine also 
corresponding in numbers to those of the above respective ranks, whilst the edging is 
likewise of miniver, varying in breadth of border from five inches to two ; the trains 
range in length from two yards to one. 

Archbishops. — The general character of this division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Archbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-seven Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) against ten in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, whilst his colleague follows after 
that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
All England" and "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself "By Divine 
Providence " and the other "By Divine Permission," as do the Bishops. To the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal 
Family, the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that 
" wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners" 
(the Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the Eirst, Edward the Second, Queen 
Mary, and William the Third) ; the Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the 
Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Previous 
to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishop of York crowns the Queen-Consort, and is consti- 
tuted her perpetual chaplain. This Archbishopric is more ancient than that of Canter- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 A. D. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Canterbury, owing to a suggestion from Archbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown 
upon some Scot or Dane! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Your 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state 
that they do not differ from those of Bishops, but the ' Encyclopaedia Britannica ' 
asserts that they rise out of ducal coronets, though adding that the decoration is 
" without authority : " see at close of "Bishops." 

Bishops. — There are at present thirty-five diocesan Bishops in the English Church 
in addition to the two Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own dioceses. There 
are also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such, do not form a 
part of the Peerage. The twenty-seven sees or dioceses in the Province of Canter- 
bury are : 

Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chichester, Ely, 
Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, London, Norwich, 
Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salis- 
bury, Southwark, Southwell, Truro, Winchester, Worcester. 
The ten of York Province are : 

Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, York. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


Of these, Birmingham, St. Albans, Southwark, Southwell, and Truro in the former 
list, and Ripon, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, and Wakefield in the latter, are 
of recent institution, the original total having been twenty-four, in addition to the 
see of Sodor and Man, the occupant of which has still an honorary seat in the House 
of Lords, without a vote or liberty to join in the debates, having his own legislative 
position in the Manx House of Keys. When an increase upon the original twenty-four 
was commenced, it was enacted that new appointees should not sit in the House of 
Lords until vacancies arose among their seniors, the new prelate chosen to fill the vacancy 
being placed in turn at the foot of the junior list, so that the former number of seats in 
the House should never be exceeded.* Thus the newly-created sees rank on full equality 
with the old, and a rotation is maintained among their occupants which, except as to the 
statement in the next sentence, follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special 
feature consists in the continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, 
and Winchester, who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. 
In fact, we come to have four classes or series among the thirty-five Bishops : 

1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty-one seniors of the remainder — Peers through seniority. 

3. Ten juniors — awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man — incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given in Whitaker's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that in which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Barons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order — London, Durham, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should " precede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This section of our work obtained, for its issue in the year 1900, the privilege of hisrh 
ecclesiastical supervision, having: been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the 
English Church and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, since elevated 
to a Colonial bishopric. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the "diversity 
between important persons;" the second pronounced that "Bishops are Peers of the 
Realm," and. that "a?? Bishops are Lords Bishops;" whilst the third favoured us with 
the following valuable paper : 

" Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in the Witan, together with the Ealdormen and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Great Council 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the House of Lords. Their 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be 
summoned in like manner as barones, still, however, retaining much of their earlier 
character as sapientes or ' Spiritual Lords of Parliament. ' Both characters have been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past— in respect both 
of his barony and of his personal status as Earl Palatine of the County of Durham and 
Prince Bishop— by making his appearance at a review ' in a lay habit of purple, with 
jaek boots and his hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

" Upon the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided that the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should be represented in 

* But a Bishop who has once attained the seniority will not forfeit his seat in the Lords though he accepts 
translation to another see that has become vacant. This was exemplified in 1895 on the Bishop of Newcastle 
becoming Bishop of Chichester, and again in 1903 upon another Bishop of Newcastle changing to St. Albans ; yet 
again m 1905 on the Bishop of Worcester going to Birmingham and the Bishop of Rochester to Southwark : the See 
vacated goes in these cases to the foot of the list. 



'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of their 
number chosen 'by rotation of sessions.' Of the four Archbishops one sat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bishoprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes ; and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, the Irish 
Bishops were- excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
precedency is now shared by the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. 

"The question whether the Bishops who have seats in Parliament are Peers of the 
Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term 
' Peer ' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
judgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
exempt from secular jurisdiction on the same grounds. _ These were ecclesiastical 
provisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
privileges of Peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that 'they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
no f. Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of Peerage which the Bishops once 
possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

"A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
' Lord Bishop,' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves. 
But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as ' Lord 
Bishop,' and this not by virtue of any special grant — still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be given to all Bishops at the present day, is 
another question." 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed 
to us the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion 
and practice came out clear beyond mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others we find a gradual shading 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter 
of right is concerned, the title "Lord Bishop" belongs not only to English diocesan 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess 
patents have it therein expressly conveyed ; and even as to the English Bishops 
Suffragan, the plea is advanced that when a small number of these were created in the 
16th century they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to be deduced. There were 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dominus Episcopus " 
was applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their 
address. But now, when the degrees of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, 
we find that this form has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Chiu-ch still in office have come to be styled " Lords Bishops : " the 
Suffragans are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actually dis- 
senters from the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expressly answered our enquiry with, "No, this style is 
happily not customary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclaimer, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
" Lord " where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its omission : one clerical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
address "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an American Missionary or "Foreign" Bishop) 
without being reproved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 1.7 

" Right Reverend Sir" " is beginning to be dropped for the English style. A retired 
Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching tt> the sGe and not 
to the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somewhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Right Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord. " The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but "Bishop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ;" still his personal address 
is "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissary is simply the agent of a Colonial or other prelate. 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our former opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 
prominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
he it was) could have laid it down to us that they were Peers of the Realm is something 
incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of their office alone, and 
that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves, usually not gaining their seats 
till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My Lord ") as purely 
commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called "Peers 
of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in which it 
might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. This statement must cover even the remark 
attributed to the late Bp. Creighton that he was the holder of a " barony :" the Standing 
Orders of the House of Lords most expressly lay it down that " Bishops are not 

Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdivision of a diocese 
or yielding an unlocalised assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguished by some 
topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
"Nottingham," "Penrith," &c, have disappeared, whilst new titles crop upfrom3 r ear 
to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomalies as 
"Bedford " and "Marlborough" recently in the diocese of London; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old, thus actually remaining a "Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suffragan to be consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had been consecrated already (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics in the various dioceses as at present constituted are as follows : 

Cantei-bury— Dover, Croydon. . Ripon— Richmond, Knaresborough. 

Carlisle — Barrow-in-Furness, 
Exeter— Crediton. 
Lincoln — Grantham, 

London— Stepney, Islington, Kensington 

St. Albans— Colchester, Barkin 
St. David's— Swansea. 

Souihwarh— Kingston-on-Thames, Woolwich. 
Southwell — Derby, 

Manchester — Bumley. i Winchester — Guildford, Southampton, Dor- 

Norwich — Thetford, Ipswich. ' king. 

Oxford— Reading. " York— Beverley, Hull, Sheffield. 

Peterborough — Leicester. 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Bristol, Chester, Chichester, Ely, Hereford, 
Lichfield, Llandaff, Newcastle, Rochester (from 1905), St. Asaph, Salisbury, Sodor and 
Man, Truro, Wakefield, or Worcester ; whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there is a Bishop 
Assistant in Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Durham, Gloucester, and Liverpool. 

Coadjutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
Missionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their superiors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere. 

* There were but two or three Suffragan sees actually constituted out of this 26, and upon their holders 
dying out no successors were appointed, so that from 1597 to 1870 the title had no distinctive existence in the 
English Protestant Church. Still, in this Church as in that of Rome, all Bishops not Metropolitans are sometimes 
called Suffragans, and from this circumstance a former correspondent of ' Crockford ' Was led to pronounce an 
essential difference between Suffragan Bishops and Bishops Suffragan. We have followed his harmless caution, 
but successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of no practical moment. 

1 8 Introduction. 

A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, and having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Durham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two " orbs." If the Archbishops adopt this style of one of their own subordinates, 
it will surely be generally desired that usage should ere this have supplied them with 
the ' ' authority " said to be lacking. The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating 
in a crook, is still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from 
[ a crosier) is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage.— Even neglecting the above degrees of Dukes, 
| Marquesses, Earls, &c, we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars see the two following divisions) : 

I. The House of Lords. 

t. Peers created. 

d) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Law Lords). 

(3) Official Peers (Lords Spiritual). 

2. Peers elected. 

(1) For Life (Irish Representative Peers). 

(2) For one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 

II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Full Rank. 

(1) Scottish Peers \ Man}' of these sit in the House of Lords either under Imperial titles or 

(2) Irish Peers J as Representatives. 

2. Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession), 

(2) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles. 

(1) Eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters "). 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and Marquesses' eldest sons. 

(3) Younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons. 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 

(6) Daughters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 


Classification of Degrees. — The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these are accordingly specified 
separately. Up to the date of our going to Press, the list stands as under : 

Hereditary. Life or a Terra. Minors. Total. 

Princes of the Blood Royal 







Damns (exclusive of Bn. Uardn< 
Scottish Representative Peers.. 
Irish ditto 



























House of 581 + T2 Minors =593 " 

Forms of Admittance.— -The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole 
Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the 
heading of "^Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons 
are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions; it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal of England. It 
\ may almost be added that no new peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
1 them a right to sit in the House of Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her; but the 

The House of Lords, 


power of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
have lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters- patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" near 
the end of the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father's. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 
son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
title and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the Issue of such writs centuries ago, and 
that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Representative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 
informing him of the re-assembling of the House. 

The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
either to the creation, succession, or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
King of Arms (or "Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and 
writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 
who enjoins that his credentials shall be read \ the oaths are next administered, the writ 
handed over for keeping by the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his 
seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 
Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat. 

It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 
bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 
Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Arrangement and Procedure. — Two thrones are provided for the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers constitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. The House gives its votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering "Content" or "Not Content," 
but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
Lord Chancellor himself participates in the vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House as the 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose presence, or that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part in the debates in addition to recording his vote."" The 
Chairman of Committees acts as Deputy Speaker. The Peers, by a Standing Order in 1868, 
have dropped the right of voting by proxy, but members may enter upon the journals of 
the House (if within 48 hours) their individual protest against any measure which has 
received the sanction of the majority. The House still constitutes the ultimate Court 
of Appeal, those Peers who are or have been Judges being the acting members, though 
any other Peer could participate if he chose so to insist s consequently no Peer can con- 
tinue a K.C. Some further rules are stated in the Official Note on page 28. 

* The "Lord High Chancellor of England " finds his more exalted functions in his position as the first judicial 
officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. He is created by the mere 
delivery of the Great Seal into his custody. He is ex officio a Privy Councillor, he appoints all justices of the peace* 
is visitor of royal foundations, patron of the smaller Crown livings, and guardian of infants, idiots, and lunatics 
(through the Masters in Lunacy) ; he presides over the Court of Chancery, and has been assigned the title of " Keeper 
of the King's Conscience." Till the time of James the Eirst the post- did not cany with it an hereditary peerage, 
but was at first always filled by ecclesiastics, of whom Cardinal Wolsey is the most eminent example. It was when 
Henry the Eighth had resolved to overthrow the Church that he transferred the appointment to Sir Thohrls More. 

P 2 



Hereditary Peers. —Our two tables have brought out the fact that there are Peers 
of Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and i 
Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, shows that the j 
former class of exceptions are comparatively few. . These are noticed in our next two 
paragraphs, while the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary 
Peers within the House, but ndt succeeding by heredity thereto. 

Life Peers. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small 
number of Law Lords, at present four. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 id 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life | I 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of Appeal into Life Barons j 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired (the late Lord Chief Justice was 
also a Life Peer). There have up to the present been twelve such appointments (in addition 
to the preceding, who was afterwards made an hereditary Baron, as was the late Lord 
Morris), namely, Lords Blackburn, Bowen, FitzGerald, Gordon, Hannen, Morris, 
Watson, and Russell of Killowen, who are deceased, and Lords Davey, Macnaghten, 
Lindley, and Robertson, who are still living. The wives of these Peers take the title 
of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the children of Life Peers now 
rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the courtesy-title " Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Spiritual, already described under the 
preceding section. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on j 
condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only I 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops." 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their wives and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop 
being simply " Mrs." 

Peers Elected. — We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Representa- 
tive Peers, both of which are full Peers of their respective nations, and are elected by 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 
omissions under Irish Roll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life ; those 
of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-elected at every fresh Parliament. Viscount 
Haw r arden, of the Irish Representatives, has received an Imperial title. Elected Peers 
do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new Parliament. 


Scottish and Irish Peers.— The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barons, differ broadly from that of England in 
their nut conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, there are very many who, as fully enumerated upon 
page 36, possess Imperial hereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native 
ones — in fact, this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland) and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earls, Barons, &c, see under those degrees, 
as per Index). 

The Scottish Peerage in its early beginnings comes to us under, a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet bears the Gaelic form of Mormhaor(usually printed 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this distinction j 
were the predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under that title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 11 14 as one of "the Seven 
Earls" connected with the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have 

* It may here be remarked upon this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word 
" Scotch ;" the people are "Scots," and their adjective is " Scots " or " Scottish." Their Education Department has, 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may tuvn up from time to 
time, as it would take a bold man to dispute in the case of a certain well-known liquor and powder, while the men- 
tion of a " Scottish " terrier might hardly suggest a recognisable animal. Again, the Scotsman Bagwell uses the 
form " Scotch " repeatedly in his 'Life of Johnson,' so that certainly no one can say that "the decree has been 
made absolute.'' 

The Outside Peerage. 


held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to have 
been merged under this wider designation, just as we had it above (page 11) 
in the case of "Simon de Montfort with other Barons," for the Scottish nobility 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the lands, already designated 
earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going 
to the eldest inheritor only ). But James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament," and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl," acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (how 45 against 26). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nobles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of English xisage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Rohert the Third in 1393 made his son 
Duke of Rothsay, and his brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland, as elsewhere observed, 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of primogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. 

In the Irish Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and this in spite of the fact 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively used for 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, but this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word " Baron " for a title of nobility. Irish Peers, as else- 
where stated, have the distinctive privilege of admission to the House of Commons for 
any constituency not in Ireland itself. 

Peeresses in Own Right. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but frequently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some of 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict right in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by males will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
time take leave of that House. 

Scottish Loeds of Session. — We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether ; 
for the word "Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately "Baron "and "Lord Chief 
Baron " were used. An Order in Council of February, 1905, has authorised the reten- 
tion of the title for life, irrespective of retirement, and the prefix "Lady" is now to be 
enjoyed by the wife, and to continue in widowhood though not after re-marriage, It 
takes the prefix "Hon." in place of the "Right Hon." of actual Lords and Ladies, 
but confers no distinction upon the children. These Lords, thirteen in number, are 
included in our Directory, and a list of them will be found in Whitaker's Almanack. 
For the usage in the cases of the two Presidents see the note under " Kingsburgh." 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions. — We are continually 
meeting in the papers with some title which belongs, or affects to belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fact, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
flash in English society, or it may be a crash among English tradesmen ; while others 
are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 
We have given nearly all the names to be found in either ' Burke ' or 1 Debrett, ' 



together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly sure to take steps for making their presence known. 

A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (DeLongueuil), 
and quite a host of those holding Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these 'Debrett' supplies notices of an 
extensive series, and an official list obligingly sent us by Count Strickland enables us 
to add several to our own pages, including even those rather numerous ones who hold un- 
couth Arabic titles : one of these last, the Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble 
of Malta, and as such was deputed to represent the Peerage of the island at King 
Edward's coronation. As a rule, a foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence 
in the British dominions, but some thirty of those held in Malta are practically " taken 
over " by our Government, though this does not, as we were incorrectly informed, 
impart to them equal ranks with those in the House of Lords. Among them- 
selves, however, they have the anomalous arrangement of treating the terms Marquess, 
Count, and Baron as titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation 
alone governing their precedence, and the form of address being "Most Noble" 
irrespectively to all. Besides Spain and Genoa, we find among the sources of these 
honours the Papacy, Austria, Naples, Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of 
Malta itself, these last supplying the only strictly Maltese peerages. Turning from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," which the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our own aristocracy can append to their other titles that Of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Eoman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable means. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a " Spanish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom, while Italy, since King Humbert ascended the throne, has become 
very conservative in the matter of ennobling foreigners. " The same writer states that 
at least 120 British subjects hold fore ; gn titles. We may briefly instance the French 
dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort, and Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, 
Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Reay's 
Dutch title, and the Earl of Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, there are the 
Austrian baronies of Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's 
Prussian barony of Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of 
Maranham, the Portuguese viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern and earldom of 
Cape St. Vincent, the Italian dukedom of Gandolfi, and the Russian barony of 
Dimsdale. There are several honours hailing from Saxe-Coburg, while Hanover, 
Hungary, and Sweden are cited as having contributed one each. 


Use of the Terms " Lord, " "Lady," "Hon.," &c— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular conventional designation of a Baron, and frequently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patent or writ, as is especially noticeable 
in the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general term for 
any nobleman,, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
used in the case of the eldest sons of such of the higher Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is higher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a _ Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title "Lady" 
is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases except the fifth, by the daughters of Earls, 
and by the wives of Lords of Session and of Baronets, and, in practice, by those of 
Knights also. When the word "Lord, "or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian 
name, as "Alfred, Lord Tennyson," the title " Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the 
" Alfred " shows which one ot the line is intended (the form " Lord Alfred " could only 
be the courtesy-title of some younger son as above); and so we have "Edward, Earl 
of Derby," " Maria, Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each 
nobleman is designated by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian 
names. The leading name suffices for less formal use. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 23 

We have found it nepessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we 
had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with 
which we have met, even amongst writers whom we should have assumed to be well- 
informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater 
fulness to those with whom the laws of address have long been as their ABO. In 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, 
Earl of Derby " are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " 1st Baron 
TV' and "14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages we may hear of 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can never have this inversion of the Christian 
name in either of the Peerages of our own islands. In fact, even in the use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than that of " Lord," so that 
such forms as "Viscount James Cranborne " are simply outrageous monstrosities. 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied term "Lord" is the j 
courtesy-title of a yowcgcr son of some Duke or Marquess; then the addition of 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even 
here care must be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy title of an eldest 
son, which, if " Lord," will usually be that of a barony included in hie father's titles, 
whilst those of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname ; thus we 
have Lords Stanley, Balcarres, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms 
of Derby, Crawford, and Cranbrook, and many similar titles will be found On 
glancing' down the column of Eldest Sons of Earls in Whitaker's Almanack. In 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the word "Lady" the blunder is 
even more frequent ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms "Lady Anne," " Lady Jane," 
&c, must never be used except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown" or 
"Lady White," though if requiring distinction from other Ladies cf the surname they 
may prefix their own Christian names, or if two ladies of the name chanced to be at 
the same address the form "Lady (E.) Smith" can be adopted : these, however", ftre 
conventional resorts only, "for," says the Lord Chamberlain (who has kindly examined 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented 
at Court they would each be ' Lady Smith ' simply ; " whilst the bold device of invent- 
ing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady Douglas Smith," 
amounts at once to making a " Lord Douglas Smith " (instead of "Sir Douglas") of 
the husband. 

The prefix "Hon." is given personally to most Peers' issue (see "Earls," &c), and 
officially to all present or past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during 
office (not Lords Justices, who are all made Privy Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, 
who hold Life Peerages), to Lords of Session and their wives or widows ("Hon. Lord," 
" Hon. Lady "), the Lord Provost of Glasgow (during office), and to members of Execu- 
tive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* The Parliamentary phrase "Hon. 
Member" implies no personal or official title, and it is a mistake to prefix "Hon." 
to Gentlemen Ushers : " Never with men," says our authority. " Right Hon." is the 
title of a Privy Councillor and of any Peer lower than a Marquess; Peeresses take the 
style of their husbands, and by courtesy either " Pvt. Hon." or the commonly substituted 
" The " must be. prefixed to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than 
" Hon.,"f a courtesy-Marquess being "Most Hon. ; " and " Rt. Hon." being preferable to 
"The " in the case of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Pit. Hon." is also 
given during term of office to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Pro- 
vost of Edinburgh (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady pre- 

* This use of the title, having its rules to some extent complex, lias occasionally been applied too freely. Tt per- 
tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria, Tasmania, or the 
Cape, all of these memberships being life appointments; also, during office, to Senators of Canada (with the 
Speakers of bdth Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in 
a Colony possessing responsible government (by the King's permission the title may be retained by ex-members). 
Locally the " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the Speaker of 
a Legislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, some -15 in number, comprise all 
the British dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Cape). The designation of a 
Judge in a Colonial Supreme Court is less absolutely defined : in some Colonies it is " The Honourable Mr. 
Justice A.," in others merely " His Honour Judge B." 

t This statement having recently been challenged, we have in 1904 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and been 
assured in answer that "younger sons and daughters styled Lord or Lady, andelde&t sons bearing special courtesy- 
titles, are entitled to the term Rt . Hon. or iha substituted article," though this is simply " a matter of usage as is 
the courtesy-litle itself." 


viously " Hon." who has married a " Sir," or else any lady who has married an " Hon. 
Sir," provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a mere office. 

The article " The " when prefixed to "Lord " or " Lady " is, as just stated, a conven- 
tional substitute for "Rt. Hon.," and the combination " The Lady" must, therefore, 
not be applied to the wife of a Baronet or Knight. But in other cases "The " has not 
the same force, and "The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and "The Dowager Lady" 
(though only a Baronetess) are correct forms in addressing. 

Peers' Issue with Couktest-Titles. — We first note that some of these are heirs 
to peerages, while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them 
quite a multiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternately, and in some 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother — may either step into his 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, continued to be called Viscount Belgrave). Yet, further, we 
find deviations more or less from any of the titles of the fathers, as when the word 
"Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed to the, family name (as is almost regularly done 
when the Peer is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designation, whilst in 
the cases of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as 
those peerages have no second title attached) ; or in such cases as "Viscount Trafalgar" 
instead of "Viscount Merton of Trafalgar " for the late son of Earl Nelson, or "Lord 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of 
Kintore. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is the eldest son of 
the heir, but never rqoon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a previous Peer), 
who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest sons of 
Viscounts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the titles 
of their fathers — this term having formerly been something more than a term of 
courtesy, for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their presence : at one 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" 
before their Christian names ; while the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 
"Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Crown or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon 
meet the difficulty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so with the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is "Earl," but not if it is 
"Viscount" (just as with the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron-by-courtesy (an Earl's grandson usually) 
may be called " Master ; " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they 
will prefix "Lord "to their names,* but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable." 
Similarly the younger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled 
either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only "Honourables," as 
are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
styled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
Barons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be "Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord," and his next son 
" Lord John," the younger sons of the Duke can never be higher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any "Lord John" only Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord " of an eldest son' and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being " Honourable," but not those of the latter. 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 

* It ia singular enough to be worth noting that at the present time there is not a single instance in the entire 
Peerage of a Duke's younger grandson bearing the title of " Lord ; " either the son is an Earl by courtesy (in which 
event his younger sons are only "Honourable"), or if a Marquess he ha3 no second son. The only recent instances 
are the present Lord Roos of Belvoir, who was Lord John Henry Manners while his elder brother was livin^ ■ a 
deceased infant son of the Marquess of Hamilton (now 2nd Duke of Abercorn), styled Lord Claud Francis 
Hamilton ; and Lord Alistair SutherlandrLeveson-Gower, son cf the Marquess of Stafford, now Duke of Sutherland 


their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons take "Honourable" 
like the sons. It will be observed, as already commented upon, that in the case 
of Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons, 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, while the sons 
obtain only the title assigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality 
is only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons — an Earl's 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in 
that of Barons only. The distinction has the effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
(before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and 
in consequence of greater apparent honour; whilst the term "Lady," as we have 
already remarked, is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the 
prefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a 
Baron marries a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of 'the 
higher value of the two. Granddaughters, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled " The Lady " if their father's title is either "Marquess" or 
"Earl," but if it is only "Viscount," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable" only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons can 
bear any title. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only ' ; Lord," and his eldest grandson 
will be level with an Earl even if termed only "Honourable : " what is said of the wife's 
rank in the course of a footnote upon the next page is a special favour to certain married 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscount or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secondly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's ; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Court- 
esy-Titles in common use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which 
we believe to be extant, will be found in their respective alphabetical positions 
in the following Directory. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atholl even exceeding twenty. 

On the Marriage of Peeresses. &c.— The most essential rules may be thus briefly 
specified : 

The wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his own title, wholly irrespective of 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a 
Baroness being styled "The Bight Hon. Lady." 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." 
with no Christian name. 

The wife of a Baronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," "The Hon. Lady," &c (see next page). 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her own Right retains her title after 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or 
| even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is 
i inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's widow who re-marries the case is in appearance the same as to 
retention of a former superior title ; but it is so by etiquette only, for even if she 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned 
to any royal function,* although conventionally she will be known by whichever title 
is the higher, and if both are the same in degree, that of her husband will naturally 

* The Dowager Countess De La Warr who had just re-marrieel to a commoner was allowed to he present as a 
Peeress for the single day of the late Coronation. 



be used. But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord 
by Courtesy, or to a commoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by i 
her former marriage and comes to her second husband in precisely the same rank | 
in which she came to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher j 
than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usually gratifies her by i 
continuing the recent honour if desired. If the xoidow of a Lord by courtesy, the same J 
remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any j 
daughter of a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, takes the rank of her husband, j 
whether it exalts or lowers her ; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title i 
of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank j 
(governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as \ 
Earl, Viscount, &c), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by prefixing her j 
Christian name to her husband's courtesy -title (as " Lady Helen Stavordale " and recently j 
"Lady Maud Wolmer ") ; * lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or an j 
eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own 
rank, as denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise j 
with him if previously beneath him, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become j 
"The Lady " (a " Lady " marrying a Knight or Baronet continues " The Lady Alice " j 
with only change of surname, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady'' without j 
Christian name, the " Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady" her married status, j 
which in the other case has to be absorbed). But a married lady will never retain such a j 
style as "the Hon. Alice; "and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be ! 
omitted if he is the eldest living son of a living Peer, it must not be omitted, nor "Alice" \ 
substituted, on the ground of his being a commoner himself : we give this on the direct 
authority of the Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous 
care, complicated by the anomalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher 
than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal) : the daughter 
of a Duke ranks higher than the younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own 
Christian name in preference to his ; but the daughter of a Marquess ranks only 
as equal to a Duke's younger son, and consequently may take either his or her oum 
Christian name after "The Lady " (his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice 
upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : 
A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" will on marriage become "The Lady John" if 
her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain "The 
Lady Alice" if it was either the same or inferior : there is, however, an option of 
either style (but regularly the husband's) if higher by only one degree, f 
If entitled "Honourable" she will become " The Lady John" on marrying a Peer's son 
designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another "Honourable" or a 
commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John." 
It may be added to the above remarks that the widow of eith cr a Lord by Courtesy or a j 
younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her j 
by a first (as distinct from one which was her own by birth), though here again custom 
hlimours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix "The Lady," but not I 
that of "Honourable," which, however, many ladies still strive desperately to retain I 
(a Baronet's widow has an express right to continue "Lady," with her late ' 
husband's surname, but a Knight's retains the distinction by courtesy only, j 
and this course will be followed even if she marries an "Honourable"). The 
daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honourable," will on 
marrying a "Sir" become "The Hon. Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was; 
"Lady" (with a Christian name) she will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," | 

* Note that this will not happen in the case of marriage of any Peer s daughter to the eldeet son of a Duke, for 
the wife's rank cannot possibly be higher than his, and she will therefore take (with the rank of a Marchioness) the 
regular feminine of his own style whether Marquess, Earl, or even Lord. This rule of precedence by actual rank 
regardless of style may seem at first inconsistent with the latter half of the note that follows ; but the difference 
there denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
keeping herself superior to her unfortunate husband. 

f Only a knowledge of individual instances can sometimes decide as to the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as well as his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
Lady Florence and the others as Lady llobcrt and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception soen 
becomes evident : Lady Florence's husband is known as the liev. Lord William Cecil (though his first Christian 
name is llupcrt), and there is another Lord Wm. Cecil, son of the 3rd Marquess of Exeter ; the " liev." distinguishes 
the husbands, but two " Lady Williams" would be confusing. Sometimes the option is extended to other cases, 
and a wife gracefully sinks her own rank in order to stand exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud 
Dundas, though a Marquess's daughter, took the courtesy-title of Viscountess Milton until she became Countess 
Fitzwilliam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a Lady Frances, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry 
Lord Francis, the younger son of a Marquess, she would sink two degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis 
instead of Frances. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 27 

disregarding the " Sir." A commoner marrying any person of title whatever follows her 
husband's style exactly, from " Duchess " downward to " The Lady John B." or "The Hon. 
Mrs. Charles B." (thus the wife of an Earl's younger son is " Hon." only). As to the hus-^ 
band's Christian names, they may not always be needed after "Mrs." if no uncertainty is 
caused by their omission, and in point of fact they are very frequently omitted even when 
uncertainty is caused ; the w e of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. 
Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the wife of a Scottish " Master" (himself always 
* 'Honourable ") will be styled " The Hon. Mrs. N.," unless, of course, she was previously 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remark that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife 
of a "Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. The Lord 
Chamberlain has further informed us (1905) that the rule as to omitting the Christian 
name from the wife of an eldest son does not apply to husbands lower than the Peerage, 
so that even the wife of the heir to a baronetcy is strictly " Mrs. John B." and if she was 
"Hon." she will be " the Hon. Mrs. John B." (however conventionality may incline). 
The above rules show that while a lady may often rise by marriage, there is only one case in 
which she can sink by it— that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual 
Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 
the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, while the others, 
though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and 
three degrees beneath her. 

A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; 
it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, thus compel- 
ling him on marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. 

Peers' Widows.— The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so that it is desirable to use it 
with care, though, as being a form in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to 
give offence when correctly applied. So long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is 
unmarried, the widow of his predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earlier Peer ; but as soon as (and for so 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some way. If 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes 
the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's mother whilst his grandmother is also living, then 
she takes the style "Mary, Lady A.," "Catherine, Countess of B.," &c. ; the elder 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." 

Divorcees. — Our remarks under "Modes of Addressing " (page 74) have been more 
than once challenged, though our rule is identical with that given by ' Debrett.' But 
conventionality is apt to override rules, especially in a case of gratifying the favoured 
sex. Thus, strange as it seems, a lady who has divorced her husband continues very 
commonly to cling to his name, and if a title was attached it is a thing too precious to 
part with : indeed, one of the Judges in the recent Cowley appeal observed that he had 
never known a lady relinquish a title which she had once acquired (for the credit of the 
sex there are three or four such instances occurring in this book, but they are in the 
connection of re-marriage and not of divorce). Any title thus retained is of course 
worthless, but none the less it is claimed, so that, as it has been put to us, "any person 
addressing such a lady without giving her the title must expect his letter to go 
unanswered;" very likely, but not, to our mind, very creditable to the lady who so 
acts, and a most unhappy contrast with the course taken by an occasional one of the 
sex in actually dropping the title "Lady " which ordinary usage would permit her to 
retain : divorce with retained style is the annulling of a bargain, but the keeping 
back of part of the price. In the case of a surname only the matter is not quite 
the same, for a person can adopt any name which is clear from the least lurking 
of fraud, so that if Mary Jones marries John Smith and then divorces him, there appears 
to be nothing absolutely to prevent her calling herself Mrs. Mary Smith (but no longer 
Mrs. John Smith). 


I. Titles on the Roll of the House of Lokds. 

[Official] Mem.— According to the usage of Parliament, when the House appoints a Select Committee, the Lords 
appointed to serve upon it are named in the Order of their Rank, beginning with the Highest ; aud so, when the 
House sends a Committee to a Conference with the Commons, the Lord Highest in Rank is called first, and the 
rest go forth in like order : But when the AVhole House is called over for any purpose within the House, or for the 
purpose of proceeding foi-'h to Westminster Hall, or upon any public Solemnity, the Call begins invariably with 
the Junior Baron. [Additions or corrections in square brackets are editorial, as are several recent changes, whilst 
we have substituted the more definite term " Baron " for that of " Lord," which is used regularly in the Roll.] 

Royal Princes. 

1 H.R.H. The Prince of "Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 

naught and Strathearn 

3 H.R.H. The Duke of Albany 

Archbishops and High State 

4 Archbishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancellor 

( = 195) 

6 Archbishop of York 

7 The Lord President of 

Council (=156) 

8 The Lord Privy Seal (=34) 

45 Bristol 
40 Ai!sa 

47 Normanby 

48 Ripon 

49 Abergavenny 

50 Breadalbane 

51 Dufferin and Ava 

52 Zetland 

53 Linlithgow 


I 93 Stanhope, Earl 

I 94 Macclesfield [a Minor] 

I 95 Graham, Earl {D. of Montrose) 

I 96 Waldegrave, Earl 

I 97 Ashburnham 

I 98 Harrington 

i 99 Portsmouth 

1 100 Brooke, Earl, and E. of 


1 101 Buckinghamshire 

1 102 Fitzwilliam, Earl 
the \ 103 Guilford 

104 Hardwicke 

9 Norfolk, Earl 



England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon {D. of Hamilton) 

21 Portland 

22 Manchester 

23 Newcastle 

24 Northumberland 

25 H.R.H. The Duke of Cum- 

berland and Teviotdale 

26 Wellington 

27 Sutherland 
20 Westminster 

29 Pife 

30 Argyll 


31 Winchester 

32 Lansdowne 

33 Townshend, lVarq. 

34 Salisbury (=8) 

35 Bath 

36 Abercorn {Dulce of A.) 

37 Hertford 

38 Bute 

39 Exeter 

40 Northampton 

41 Camden, Marq. 

43 Anglesey [a Minor] 

43 Cholmondeley 

44 Ailesbwy 

54 The Lord Steward 
Household (=59) 
the\ 55 The Lord Chamberlain of the\ 105 Ilchester 

Household (=111) ! 106 De La Warr, Earl 

56 Shrewsbury j 107 Radnor 

57 Derby ' 108 Spencer, Earl 

58 Huntingdon j 109 Bathurst, Earl 

59 Pembroke and Montgomery j 1 10 Hillsborough {M. of Down- 

1 = 54) 

60 Devon 

61 Suffolk an 1 Berkshire 

62 Denbigh 

63 Westmorland 

64 Lindsey 

65 Stamford 

66 Winchiisea and Nottingham 

67 Chesterfield 

68 Sandwich 

69 Essex 

70 Carlisle 

71 Doncaster {D. of Puccleuch 

and Queensberry) 

72 Shaftesbury 

73 Berkeley 

74 Abingdon 

75 Scarbrough 

76 Albemarle 

77 Coventry 

78 Jersey 

79 Poulett, Earl 

, 80 Mar {Elected for Scotld.) 

81 Morton {Elected for Scotld.) 
! 82 Mar and Kellie {Elected for 

83 Haddington {Elected for 


84 Lauderdale {Elected for 


85 Carnwath .{Elected for Scotld.) 

86 Leven and Melville {Elected 
for Scotld,) 

Northesk {Elected for Scotld, 

88 Dundonald 


89 Ferrers, Earl 

90 Dartmouth 

91 Tankerville 

92 Aylesford 

{Elected for 


1 1 1 Clarendon ( = 55) 

112 Mansfield 

113 Strange, Earl {D. of Atholl) 

114 Mount Edgcumbe 

115 Eortescue, Earl 

116 Carnarvon 

117 Cadogan, Earl 

118 Malmesbury 

119 Westmeath ' Elected fori reld.) 

120 Drogheda {Elected for Ir eld.) 

121 Darnley {Elected for Ireld.) 
\22 [Late Lanesborough : another 

Peer to be elected] 

123 Mayo {Elected for 'Ireld.) 

124 Annesley, Earl {Elected for 


125 Lucan {Elected for Ireld.) 

126 Belmore {Elected for Ireld.) 

127 Bandon {Elected for Ireld.) 

128 Rosslyn 

129 Craven 

130 Onslow 

131 Romney 

132 Chichester 

133 Wilton 

134 Powis 

135 Nelson, Earl 

136 Rosse {Elected for Ireld.) 

137 Man vers, Earl 

138 Orford 

139 Grey, Earl 

140 Lonsdale 

141 Harrowby 

142 Harewood 

143 Minto 

144 Cathcart, Earl 

145 Verulam 

146 Brownlow, Earl 

147 St. Germans 

* Ocoupios this position both as Premier Duke, and as a High State Officer. 

t Under this and the following series the word Mara,, or Earl is appended to the title when without " of." 

Roll of the House of Lords. 


148 Morley 

149 Bradford 

150 Beauchamp, Earl 

151 Eldon 

152 Howe, Earl 

153 Stradbroke 

154 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

155 Kilmorey (Elected for Ireld.) 

156 Vane, Earl (31. of London- 

derry) (=7) 

157 Amherst, Earl 

158 Cawdor, Earl 

159 Munster 

160 Camperdown 

161 Lichfield 

162 Durham 

163 Granville, Earl 

164 Effingham 

165 Ducie 

166 Yarborough 

167 Innes, Earl (D. of Roxburgh?) 

168 Leicester 

169 Lovelace ( = 274) I 

170 Gainsborough 

171 Ellesmere 

172 Strafford 

173 Cottenham 

174 Cowley, Earl 

175 Winton (E. of EgUntouir 

[Eglinton & Winton]) 

176 Dudley 

177 Russell, Earl 

— [Cromartie, Ctss. of] 

178 Kimberley 

179 Dai trey 

180 Feversham 

181 Wharncliffe 

182 Northbrook 

183 Cairns, Earl 

184 Lytton 

185 La thorn 

186 Sondes, Earl 

187 Selborne 

188 Iddesleigh 

189 Londesborough 

190 Cranbrook 

191 Ancaster 

192 Carrington, Earl 

193 Crewe 

194 Egerton [of Tatton Earl 

195 Halsbmy (=5) 

196 Roberts, Earl 

197 Cromer 

198 Plymouth 


199 Eereford 

200 Falkland (Elected for Scotld.) 

201 Bolingbroke and St. John 

[vacant on Boll — a Minor] 

202 Cobham 

203 Falmouth 

204 Torrington [a Minor] 

2C5 Leinster (DukeofL.)[a Minor] 
2o(j Hood 

207 Bangor (Elected for Ireld.) 

208 St. Vincent 

209 Melville 

210 Sidmouth 

2 1 1 Templetownt£7ecte<f for Ireld.) 

212 Gordon (E. of Aberdeen) 

213 Exmouth [a Minor] 

214 Hutchinson (E. of Donough- 


215 Clancarty (Earl of C.) 

216 Combermere [a Minor] 

217 Canterbury 

218 Hill 

219 Hardinge 

220 Gough 

221 Halifax 

222 Bridport 

223 Portman 

224 Hampden 

225 Wolseley 

226 CrosB 

— [Hambleden, Vctss.'] 

227 Peel 

228 Knutsford 

229 Llandaff 

230 Esher 

231 Goschen 

232 Ridley 

Kitchener of Khartoum and 

233 of the Vaal 

234 Colville of Culross 

235 Churchill 

236 Milner 

237 Selby 

238 Prev. Bn. Iveagh 


239 London 

240 Durham 

241 Winchester 

242 Chichester 

243 Ripon 

244 Lincoln 

245 Salisbury 

246 Chester 

247 St. Asaph 

248 Truro 

249 Lichfield 

250 Norwich 

251 Bath and Wells 

252 Hereford 

253 Southwark 

254 St. Albans 

255 Peterborough 

256 St. David's 

257 Bristol 

258 Wakefield 

259 Bangor 

260 Liverpool 

261 Oxford 

262 Birmingham 


263 De Ros 

264 Mowbray 

— TFauconberg and Conyers. 


265 Hastings 

266 De Clifford 

267 Clinton 

268 Zouche of Haryngworth 

— [Beaumont, B?iss.\ 

269 Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Darcy de Knayth, Bnss.] 

270 Botreaux (E. of Loudoun) 

271 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, Bnss.] 

— [Berners, Bnsi. ] 

272 Willoughby de Broke 

273 Vaux of Harrowden 

274 Wentworth (= E. of Love- 

lace, 169) 

275 Braye 

276 North 

277 St. John of Bletso 


















Howard de Waldeh 

Saye and Sole 

Arundell of Wardour 

[Clifton, Bnss.] 






Clifford of Chudleigh 
Manners of Haddon (71/. of 


Forbes (Elected for Scotld.) 
Saltoun (Elected for Scotld.) 
Sinclair (Elected for Scotld.) 
Torphichen (Elected for 

Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

(Elected for Scotld.) 
Belhaven and Stenton 

(Elected for Scotld.) 
Boyle (E. of Cork and Orrery) 
Hay (E. of Kinnoul \_Kin- 


Ponsonby (E. of Bessborough) 



Lovel and Holland (E. of 

Vernon [a Minor] 

Dinevor [Dynevor] 






Somers [a Minor] 



Tyrone (31. of Waterford) 

Carleton (E. of Shannon) 




Fisherwick (31. of Donegall) 

[a Minor] 
Gage (Visct. G.) 

Mendip (Visct. Olifden) 
Stuart of Castle Stuart (E. of 


Stewart of Garlies (E. of 

Saltersford (E. of Courtown) 
Brodrick (Visct. Midleton) 
Gwydir [Gwydyr] 

Dunboyne (Elected for Ireld.) 
Inchiquin (Elected for Ireld.) 
Massy (Elected for Ireld.) 
Muskerry (Elected for Ireld.) 
Kilmaine (Elected for Ireld.) 
Clonbrock (Elected for Ireld.) 
Headley (Elected for Ireld.) 









Crofton {Elected for I veld.) 
Langford {Elected for If eld.) 
Ventry {Elected for Ireld.) 
Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 
Loftus {31. of Ely) 
Carysfort {Earl of G.) 

Sheffield {Earl of S.) 

Monteagle [MontEagle] {31. 

of Sligo) 
Granar'd {Earl of 67.) 
Gardner [vacant'] 

Castlemaine {Elected for 

Meldrum {M. of Huntly) 
Grinstead {E. of Enniskillen) 
Eoxford {E. of Limerick) 
Ker {31. of Lothian) 
Minster {3Iarq. Gonyngham) 
Ormonde (3Iarq. of 0.) 
Wemyss (Earl of W.) 
Silchester {E. of Longford) 
Oriel {Visct. 3Iassereene) 

Somerhill {31. of Glanricarde) 

Wigan {E. of Crawford) 

Ranfurly {Earl ofR.) 




Rosebery {Earl of R.) 

Clanwilliam {Earl of C.) 


Kilmarnock {E. of ErroV) 

Fingall {Earl of F.) 

Sefton {Earl of S.) 

Clements {E. of Leitrim) 

Kenlis {31 of Headfort) 

Chaworth {E. of Meath) 

Dunmore {Earl of D.) 





De Saumarez 



De L'Isle and Dudley 



Worlingham {E. of Gosford) 
Stratheden [and Campbell] 
Oranmore and Browne 

{Elected for Ireld.) 

Kintore {Earl of K.) 



De Mauley 




Stanley of Alderley 

415 Wenlock 

416 Lurgan 

417 Monteagle of Brandon 

418 Seaton 

419 Oxenfoord {E. Stair) 

420 Vivian 

422 Bellew (Elected for Ireld.) 

423 Elgin {E. of Elgin and Kin- 


424 De Freyne 

425 Saint Leonards 

426 Raglan 

427 Kenmare {Earl of K.) 

428 Belper 

429 Talbot de Malahide 

430 Ebury 

431 Chesham 

432 Chelmsford 

433 Churston 

434 Leconfield 

435 Tredegar 

436 Lyveden 

437 Brougham and Vaux 

438 Kinnaird 

439 Westbury 

440 Eitzhardinge 

441 Annaly 

442 Romilly [a 3Iinor] 

443 Meredyth {Bn. Athlumneij) 1513 

444 Kenry {E. of Dunraven and '514 

Mount Earl) 

445 Monck {Visct. 31.) 

446 Hartismere {Bn. Henniker) 

447 Hylton 

448 Penrhyn 

449 Brancepeth {Visct. Boyne) 

450 Kesteven 

451 Ormathwaite 

452 O'Neill 

453 Napier [of Magdala] 

454 Gormanston ( Visct. G.) 

455 Rathdonnell {Elected foi 

Ireld.) ■ 

456 Lawrence 

457 Dunning {Bn. Bollo) 

458 Balinhard {E. of Southesk) 

459 Hare {E. of Listowel) 

460 Howard of Glossop 

461 Castletown 

462 Acton 

463 Wolverton 

464 Greville 

465 O'Hagan 

466 Sandhurst 
— [Burdett-Coutts, Bnss.] 

467 Ettrick {Bn. Napier [of 3Ier- 537 

chistoun, Bn. Napier and\^8 
Ettrick]) ' 539 

468 Somerton {E. of Normanton) 540 

469 Aberdare 541 

470 Moncreiff 542 

471 Coleridge 543 

472 Emly 544 

473 Cottesloe 545 

474 Hampton 346 

475 Douglas {E. of Home) 547 

476 Ramsay (IS, of Dalhousie) 548 

477 Fermanagh (E. [of] Erne) 549 

478 Harlech 550 

479 Alington 551 

480 Tollemache 552 

481 Gerard 553 

482 Sackville 554 

483 Norton 555 




5 °2 








Shute {Visct. Barrington) 








Tweeddale (Marq. ofT.) 

Howth {Earl of II.) 






Strathspey {E. of Seafidd) 

Monk Bretton 


Sudley (E. of Arran) 

Herri es 


Nortliington {Bn. Itenley) 





Saint Oswald 


Montagu of Beaulieu 









Hamilton of Dalzell 



Macnaghten [Life Peer] 
Bowes (E. of Strathmore and 

Kinghorn [Kinghorne]) 
Monckton {Visct. Galway) 
Saint Levan 
De Ramsey 

Mount Stephen 

[Macdonald of Eamscliffe, ! 


Amherst of Hackney 
Play fair 

Davey [Life Peer] 

. ^ 

Roll of the Lords — Scottish Peerage. 






James [of Hereford] 








Fairlie [E. of Glasgow) 
Dawnay (Visct. Downe) 

Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick 

— a Minor] 

571 Inverelyde 

572 Strathcona and Mount 


573 Newlands 

574 Farquhar 

575 Muncaster 

576 Haliburton 

577 Currie 

578 Glanusk 

579 Brampton 

580 Cranworth 

— [Dorchester, Buss.] 

581 .Robertson [Life Peer] 

582 Northcote 

583 Aveburv 

584 Lindley [Life Peer] 

585 Killanin 

586 O'Brien 

587 Alverstone 

588 Kinross 

589 Shuttleworth 

590 Allerton 

591 Barrymore 

592 Gren'fell 

593 Knollys 

594 Redesdale 

595 Bumham 

596 Biddulph 

597 Estcouit 

598 Armstrong 

599 Dunedin 

too Prev. A. J. Forbes-L-eith, 

*#* This number is in excess ot the total number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused 
by the following Lords beina; twice named in the Roll : 

Earl of Halsbury as Lord High Chancellor and as Earl of Halsbury (Nos. 5 and 195). 

Earl Vane (Marq, of Londonderry) as Lord President and as Earl Vane (Nos. 7 and 156). 

Marquess of Salisbury as Lord Privy Seal and as Marquess of Salisbury (Nos. 8 and 34). 

Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery as Lord Steward and as Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery (Nos. 54 and 59). 

Earl of Clarendon as Lord Chamberlain and as Earl of Clarendon (Nos. 55 and in). 

Earl of Lovelace as Earl of Lovelace and as Baron Wentworth - . (Nos. 169 and 274). 

[This deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to 594, which has, however, to be further reduced by 12 for 
the Minors, and 1 for the vacant Gardner Barony, after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the j 
business of the House will be 581, which accords with that given under "House of Lords." The name of Lord , 
Wentworth is retained upon the Roll though in duplicate, as the Peer who originally entered the House ■ 
by this title is still among its members ; but from some unexplained reason the names of Lords Lovaine and 
Robartes, who similarly took their seats under these titles, have disappeared from the Roll.] 

II. Roll op the Scottish Peerage. 


1 Eothesay {Prince of Wales) 

2 Hamilton [D. of Brandon) 

3 Buccleuch and Queensberry 

[E. of Doncaster) 

4 Lennox [D of Richmond) 

5 Argyll {same title in U. K.) 

6 Atholl [Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose [Earl Graham) 

8 Roxburghe [Earl In ties) 


9 Huntly [Bn. Meldrum) 

10 Queensberry 

11 Tweeddale [Baron T.) 

12 Lothian [Bn. Ker) 


13 Crawford and Balcarres [Bn. 

Wig an) 

14 Erroll [Bn. Kilmarnock) 

15 Sutherland [Duke of S.) 

16 Mar [Repres. Peer) 

17 Rothes 

18 Morton [Repres. Peer) 

19 Buchan 

20 Eglinton and "Winton [E. of 


21 Cassillis [M. of Ailsa) 

22 Caithness 

23 Moray [Bn. Stuart of Castle 


24 Mar and Kellie [Repres. Peer) 

25 Home [Bn. Douglas) 

26 Perth 

27 Strathmore [and Kinghome] 

[Bn. Bowes) 

28 Abercorn [Marq. of A., Ir. 

Duke of A.) 

29 Haddington [Repres. Peer) 

30 Galloway [Bn. Stewart of 


31 Lauderdale [Repres. Peer) 

32 Lindsay 

33 Kinnoull [Bn. Hay) 

34 Jjouuoun [tin. Botreaux) 

35 Dumfries and Bute [Marq. of I 


36 Elgin and Kincardine [Bn. ' 


37 Southesk [Bn. Balinhard) 

38 "Wemyss and March [Bn. 


39 Dalhousie [Bn. Ramsay) 

40 Airlie [a Minor] 

41 Carnwath [Repres. Peer) j 

42 Leven and Melville [Repres. j 


43 Dysart 

44 Northesk [Repres. Peer) 

45 Newburgh 

46 Dundonald [Repres. Peer) 

47 Kintore [Baron K.) 

48 Breadalbane [Marq. of B.) 

49 Aberdeen [Visct. Gordon) 

50 Dunmore (Baron D.) 

51 Melfort, Countess of 

52 Orkney 

53 Seafield [Bn. Strathspey) 

54 Stair [Bn. Oxcnfoord) 

55 Rosebery [Baron R.) 

56 Glasgow [Bn. Fairlie) 

57 Hopetoun [Marq. of Linlith- 



58 Falkland [Repres. Peer) 

59 Stormont [E. of Mansfield) 

60 Arbuthnott 

61 Dumblane[Dun-](Z».o/Lcec?s) 


62 Forbes [Repres. Peer) 

63 Saltoun [Repres. Peer) 

64 Gray, Baroness 

65 Cathcart [Earl C.) 

66 Sinclair [Repres. Peer) 

67 Sempill 

68 Herries [same title in U. K.) 

69 Elphinstone [same title in 

U. K.) 

70 Lovat [same title in XT. K.) 

71 Borthwick 

72 Torphichen [Repres. Peer) 

73 Kinloss, Baroness 

74 Colville [of Culross] [Visct. 

C. of C.) 

75 Dingwall [Bn. Lucas) 

76 Balfour of Burleigh [Repres. 


77 Napier [of Merchistoun] [Bn. 

Ettrick [Napier & Ettrick]) 

78 Fairfax of Cameron 

79 Reay [same titl0in V. K.) 

80 Forrester [E. of Verulam, Ir. 

Visct. Grimston) 

81 Elibank 

82 Belhaven and Stenton 

[Repres. Peer) 

83 Rollo [Bn. Dunning) 

84 Ruthven 

85 Naime [M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 

E. of Kerry) 

86 Kinnaird [same title mJJ. K.) 

87 Polwarth 



Peers marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, having never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minc-rfc). 


1 *Leinster {Visct. L. [a Minor]) 

2 Abercorn {3Iarq. of A. s Sc. 

Earl of A.) 


3 Waterford ( Bn. Tyrone) 

4 Downshire (E. of Hillsborough) i 

5 *Donegall {fin. Fifherwick) I 

6 Headfort {Bn. Kenlis) 

7 *Sligo {Bn. MontEagle) 

8 Ely {Bn. Loftus) 

9 Londonderry {Earl Vane) 

10 *Conyngham, Marq. {BnJ 

Minster [a Minor]) 

11 Ormonde {Baron O.) 

12 Clanricarde {Bn. SomerhilT) 


13 "Waterford {E. of Shrewsbury) 

14 Cork [and Orrery] {Bn. Boyl^ 
i5Westmeath {Repres. Peer) 

16 *Desmond {E. of Denbigh) 

17 Meath {Bn. Cholworth) 

18 Fingall {Baron F.) 

19 Cavan 

20 Drogheda {Repres. Peer) 

21 G-ranard {Baron G.) 

22 *Fitzwilliam, Earl {same in 


23 Kerry [and Shelburne] {M. of 

Lansdowne, Sc. Bn. Nairne) 

24 Darnley {Repres. Peer) 

25 *Egmont {Bn. Lovel and 


26 Bessborough {Bn. Ponsonby) 

27 *Carrick 

28 *Shannon {Bn. Carleton) 

29 Lanesborough 

30 Fife, Earl {Duke of F.) 

31 *Mornington {D. of Wellington) 

32 Arran {Bn. Sudley) 

33 Courtown ( Bn. Saltersford) 

34 *Milltown [dormant] 

35 Mexborough 

36 Winterton, Earl 

37 *Howth {Baron H.) 

38 Kingston 

39 Sefton {Baron S.) 

40 Eoden 

' 41 *Lisburne 

42 Clanwilliam {Baron C.) 

43 MountCashell, Earl 

44 Antrim 

45 Longford {Bn. Silchester) 

46 *Portarlin§fcon 

47 Mayo {Repres. Peer) 

48 Annesloy, Earl {Repres. Peer) 

49 Enniskillcn {Bn. Grinstead) 

50 Eme, Earl [of] {Ba. Fer- 


51 Carysfort {Baron C.) 

52 Desart 

53 Wicklow 

54 Clonmell 

55 Leitrim {Bn. Clements) 

56 Lucan {Repres. Peer) 

57 Belmore, Earl [of] {Repres. 


58 * Armagh {D. of Cumberland) 

59 Band on {Repres. Peer) 

60 Castle Stewart,^ Earl [Earl 


61 Donoilgbmore {Visct. Hutch- 


62 *Caledon [a Minor] 

63 Kenmare {Baron K.) 

64 Limerick {Bn. Foxford) 

65 Clancarty {Visct. C.) 

66 Gosford {Bn. Worlingham) 

67 Rosse {Bepres. Peer) 

68 Normanton {Bn. Somerion) 

69 * Sheffield {Baron S.) 

70 Kilmorey {Bepres. Peer) 

71 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

{Bn. Kenry) 

72 Listowel {Bn. Hare) 

73 Norbuiy 

74 Banfurly {Baron B.) 


75 Gormanston {Baron G.) 

76 Mountgarrett [-et] 

77 Grandison {E. of J ersey) 

78 "Valentia 

79 Dillon 

80 Lumley {E. of Scarbrough) 

81 *Taaffe 

82 *Cholmondeley {Marq. of C.)\ 

83 Charlemont 

84 Downe {Bn. Dawnay) 

85 Molesworth 

86 Chetwjaid 

87Midleton {Bn. Brodrick) 

88 Boyne {Bn. Brancepeth) \ 

89 Grimston {E. of Verulam. Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

90 Barrington {Bn. Shute) 

91 *Gage {Baron G.) 

92 Gal way {Bn. 3fonckton) 

93 Powerscourt (U. K. Baron P.) 

94 Ashbrook 

95 *Mountmorres 

96 Southwell 

97 De Vesci 

98 Lifford 

99 Bangor {Bepres. Peer) 

100 Clifden {Bn. Mendip) 

101 Doneraile 

102 Harberton 

103 Hawarden 

104 [*Masserccnc and] Ferrard 

{Bn. Oriel) 

105 Monck {Baron 31.) 

106 *Avonmore 

107 Templetown {Repres. Peer) 
10S ''Frankfort de Montmorency 

109 Gort [a Minor] 

110 Guillamore 


111 Kingsale, Bn. of 

112 Trimleston [-town] 

113 Dunsany, Bn. of 

114 Dunboyne, Bn. of {Repres. 


115 Louth, Bn. of 

116 Inchiquin, Bn. of {Bepres. 


117 *Digby (same title in Gt. Br.) 

118 *Sherard 

119 Conway {M. of Hertford) 

120 *Carbery [a Minor] 

121 *Aylmer 

122 Famham 

123 *Lisle 

124 *Clive {E. ofPowis) 

125 Mulgrave (J/, of Normanby) 

126 Newborough 

127 Macdonald 

128 '"Kensington {same titleTJ. K.) 

129 *"Westcote ( Visct. Cobham) 

130 Massy {Repres. Peer) 

131 Muskerry {Bepres. Peer) 

132 Hood {Visct. H.) 

133 Muncaster {same title U. K.) 

134 Auckland {same title Gt. Br.) 

135 Kilmaine {Bepres. Peer) 

136 Cloncurry {same title ~U. K.) 

137 Clonbrock {Bepres. Peer) 

138 "Waterpark 

139 * Graves 

140 *Bridport {Visct. B.) 

141 *Huntingfield 

142 *Carrington {Earl C.) 

143 Rossmore {same title U. K.) 

144 Hotham 

145 Crernorne {E. of Dartrey) 

146 Headley {Bepres. Peer) 

147 Teignmouth 

148 Crofton {Bepres. Peer) 

149 Ffrench 

150 Henley {Bn. Northington) 

151 Langford (Repres. Peer) 

152 De Blaquiere 

153 Dufferin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] {31. of Dufferin 
and Ava) 

154 Henniker (Bn. Hartismcre) 

155 Ventry {Bepres. Peer) 

156 *Wallscourt 

157 Dunalley {Repres. Peer) 

158 Clanmorris 

159 Badstock 

160 Ash town 

161 Clarina 

162 "Gardner {vacant— same title 

U. K.) 

163 Bendlesham 

164 Castlemaine {Repres. Peer) 

165 Decies 

166 Garvagh 

167 Talbot of Malahide (Talb. de 


168 *Carew {same title in U.K.) 

169 Oranmore and Browne, Bn. of 

{Repres. Peer) 

170 Dunsandle and Clan Conal 

171 Bellew (Repres. Peer) 

172 Fermoy 

173 ^Athlumney {Bn. 3Ieredyth) 

174 Bathdonnell (Repres. Peer) 

175 *Curzon of Kedleston 

Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls. 



*** The letter " 8." prefixed to the index figures denotes the Scottish Peerage, "I." the Irish ; all others are of 
the House of Lords. Peeresses (Imperial) are referred to by bracketing the two Nos. between which they fall. 

Abercorn ,M. of, 36 ; E. of, 

S. 28 ; D. of, I. 2 
Abercromby, Bn., 349 
Aberdare, Bn., 469 
Aberdeen, E. of, 8. 49 
Abergavenny, M. of, 49 
Abingdon, E. of, 74 
Abinger, Bn., 397 
Acton, Bn., 462 
Addington, Bn., 532- 
Ailesbury, M. of, 44 
Ailsa, M. of, 46 
Airlie, E of, 8. 40 
Albany, H.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 76 
Aldenham, Bn., 562 
Alington, Bn., 479 
Allerton, Bn., 590 
Alverstone, Bn., 587 
Amherst, Earl, 157 
Amherst of H., Bn., 5*1 
Ampthill, Bn., 491 
Ancaster, E. of, 191 
Anglesey, M. of, 42 
Annaly, Bn., 441 
Annesley, Earl, 124, 1. 48 
Antrim, E. of, I. 44 
Arbuthnott, Visct., S. 60 
Ardilavm, Bn., 487 
Argyll, D. of, 30, S. 5 
Armaxh, E. of, 1. 5° 
Armstrong, Bn., 598 
Arran, E. of. 1. 32 
Arundell of W., Bn., 281 
Ashbourne, Bn., 509 
Ashbrook, Visct. 1. 94 
Ashburnham, E. of, 97 
Ashburton, Bn., 399 
Ashcombc, Bn., 538 
Ashton, Bn., 557 
Ashtown, Bn., i. 160 
Athlumney, Bn., I. 173 
Atholl, D. of, 8. 6 
Auckland, Bn., 325, 1. 134 
Avebury, Bn., 583 
Avonmore, Visct., 1. 106 
Aylesford, E. of, 92 
Aylmer, Bn., I. 121 
Bagot, Bn., 310 
Balfour of B., Bn., 294, S. 


Balinhard, Bn., 458 
Bandon, E. of, 127, I. 59 
Bangor, Bp. of, 259 
Bangor, Visct., 207, I. 99 
Barnard, Bn., 289 
Barrington, Visct., I. 90 
Barrymore, Bn., 591 
Basing, Bn., 529 
Bateinan, Bn., 405 
Bath, M. of. 35 
Bath and W., Bp. of, 251 
Bathurst, Earl, 105 
Battersea, Bn., 546 
Beauchamp, Earl, 150 
Beaufort, D. of, 13 
Beaumont, Bnss. [268— 

Bedford, D. of, 16 
Belhaven and S., Bn., 295, 
S. 82 

Bellew, Bn., 422, 1. 171 
Belmore, E. of, 126, I. 57 
Belper, Bn., 42S 
Berkeley, Bnss. [271—2] 
Berkeley, E. of, 73 
Berners, Bnss. [271—2] 

Berwick, Bn., 315 
Bessborough. E. of, I. 26 
Biddulph, Bn., 596 
Birmingham, Bp. of, 262 
Blythswood, Bn., 539 
Bolingbroke and St. J., 

Visct., 201 
Bolton, Bn., 333 
Borthwick, Bn., S. 71 
Boston, Bn., 302 
Botreaux, Bn. 27a 
Bowes, Bn., 525 
Boyle, Bn., 296 
Boyne, Visct., I. 88 
Brabourne. Bn., 490 
Bradford, E. of, 149 
Brampton, Bn., 579 
Brancepetli, Bn., 449 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Bn., 522 
Braybrooke, Bn., 321 
Braye, Bn., 275 
Breadalbane, M. of, 50; 

E. of, S. 48 
Bridport, Visct., 222 ; Bn., 

I. 140 
Bristol, Bp. of, 257 
Bristol, M. of, 45 
Brodrick, Bn., 330 
Brooke, Earl, 100 
Brougham & V., Bn., 437 
Brownlow, Earl, 146 
Buccleuch & Q.,D. of, S. 3 
Buchan, E. of, S. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of, 


Burdett-Coutts, Bnss. 

Burghclere, Bn., 558 
Burnham, Bn., 595 
Burton, Bn., 520 
Bute, M. of, 38 
Byron, Bn., 285 
Cadogan, Earl, 117 
Cairns, Earl, 183 
Caithness, E. of, S. 22 
Caledon, E. of, I. 62 
Calthorpe, Bn., 331 
Camden, Marq., 41 
Camoys, Bn., 271 
Camperdown, E. of, 160 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 217 
Carbery, Bn., I. 120 
Carew, Bn., 408, I. 168 
Carleton, Bn., 318 
Carlisle, E. of, 70 
Carnarvon, E. of, 116 
Carnwath, E. of, 85, S. 41 
Carrick, E. of, I. 27 
Carrington, Earl, 192 ; Bn., 

I. 142 

Carysfort, Bn., 348 ; E. of, 
I- 5i 

Cassillis, E. of, S. 21 
Castlemaine.Bn., 358,1. 164 
Castlestewart, Earl, I. 60 
Castletown, Bn., 461 
Cathcart, Earl, 144. S. 65 
Cavan, E. of, I. 19 
Cawdor, Earl, 158 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 83 
Chaworth, Bn., 389 
Chelmsford, Bn., 432 
Chesham, Bn., 431 
Chester, Bp. of, 246 
Chesterfield, E. of, 67 

Chetwynd, Visct., I. 86 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 531 
Chichester, Bp. of, 242 
Chichester, E. of, 132 
Cholmondeley, M. of, 43; 

Visct., I. 82 
Churchill, Vise, 235 
Churston, Bn., 433 
Clancarty, Visct., 215; E. 

of, I. 65 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 158 
Clanricarde, M. of, I. 12 
Clanwilliam, Bn., 382; E. 

of, I. 42 
Clarendon, E. of, 111 
Clarina, Bn., I. 161 
Clements, Bn., 387 
Clifden, Visct., I. 100 
Clifford of C, Bn., 287 
Clifton, Bnss. [281— 2J 
Clinton, Bn., 267 
Clive, Bn., I. 124 
Clonbrock, Bn., 341, 1- i37 
Cloncurry, Bn., 394, I. 136 
Clonmell, E. of, I. 54 
Cobham, Visct., 202 
Colchester, Bn., 363 
Coleridge, Bn., 471 
Colville of C, Vise, 234; 

Bn., 8. 74 
Combermere, Visct., 216 
Congleton, Bn., 421 
Connaught & 8., H.R.H. 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., I. 119 
Conyngham, Marti., I. 10 
Cork and O., E. of, I. 14 
Cottenham, E. of 173 
Cottesloe, Bn., 473 
Courtown, E. of, I. 33 
Coventry, E. of, 77 
Cowley, Earl, 174 
Cranbrook, E. of, 190 
Cranworth, Bn., 580 
Craven, E. of, 129 
Crawford & B., E. of, S. 


Crawshaw, Bn., 540 
Creinorne, Bn., I. 145 
Crewe, E. of, 193 
Crofton, Bn., 343, I. 148 
Cromartie, Ctss.of [177— S] 
Cromer, E. of, 197 
Cross, Visct., 226 
Cumberland & T., H.R.H. 

D. of, 25 
Currie, Bn., 577 
Curzon of K., Bn., I. 17s 
Dalhousie, E. of, 8. 39 
Darcy de Knayth, Bnss. 

Darnley, E. of, 121, 1. 24 
Dartmouth, E. of, 90 
Dartrey, E. of, 179 
Davey, Bn., 554 
Dawnay, Bn., 568 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I. 152 
Decies. Bn., I. 165 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 266 
De Freyne, Bn., 424 
Delamere, Bn., 370 
De La Warr, Earl, 106 
De L'Isle and D., Bn., 398 
De Mauley, Bn., 409 
Denbigh, E. of, 62 
Denman, Bn., 396 
Deramore, Bn., 511 

De Ramsey, Bn., 530 
Derby, E. of, 57 
De Ros (de R.), Bn., 263 
Derwent, Bn., 495 
Desart, E. of, J. 52 
Desmond, E. of, I. 16 
De Saumarez, Bn., 395 
De Vesci (de V.), Visct., I. 

Devon, E. of, 60 
Devonshire, D. of, 17 
Digby, Bn., 305, 1. 117 
Dillon, Visct., I. 79 
Dingwall, Bn., S. 75 
Doncaster, E. of, 71 
Donegall, M. of, I. 5 
Doneraile, Visct., I. 101 
Donoughmore, E. of, I. 61 
Dorchester, Bnss. [580—1] 
Dormer, Bn., 282 
Douglas, Bn., 475 
Downe, Visct., 1. 84 
Downshire, M. of, 1. 4 
Drogheda, E. of, 120, 1. 20 
Ducie, E. of, 165 
Dudley, E. of, 176 
Dufferin & Ava, M. of, 51 ; 

D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. 


Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 35 
Dunalley, Bn., 346, I. 157 
Dunblane, Visct., S. 61 
Dunboyne, Bn., 336, I. 114 
Dundonald, E. of, 88, S. 46 
Dunedin, Bn., 599 
Dunleath, Bn., 543 
Dunmore, Bn., 390 ; E. of, 
S. 50 

Dunning, Bn., 457 
Dunraven & Mt. E., E. of, 
I. 71 

Dunsandle & Clan C, Bn., 

I. 170 
Dunsany, Bn., I. 113 
Durham, Bp. of, 240 
Durham, E. of, 162 
Dynevor, Bn., 308 
Dysart, E. of, S. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 430 
Effingham, E. of, 164 
Egerton of T., Earl, 194 
Eglinton & W., E. of, 8. 20 
Einnont, E. of, I. 25 
Eldon, E. of, 151 
Elgin, Bn., 423 ; E. of E. 

and Kinc, S. 36 
Elibank, Bn., S. 81 
Ellenborough, Bn., 350 
Ellesmere, E. of, 171 
Elphinstone, Bn., 513, S. 


Ely, M. of, I. 8 
Emly, Bn., 472 
Enniskillen, E. of, I. 49 
Erne, E. of, I. 50 
Erroll, E. of, S. 14 
Erskine, Bn., 353 
Esher, Visct., 230 
Essex, E. of, 69 
Estcourt, Bn., 597 
Ettrick, Bn., 467 
Exeter, M. of, 39 
Exmouth, Visct., 213 
Fairfax of C, Bn., S. 78 
Fairlie, Bn., 567 
Falkland, Visct., 200, S. 58 
Falmouth, Visct., 203 



Farnham, Bn., I. 122 
Farquhar, Bn., 574 
Farrer, Bn., 548 
FauconUers andConyers, 

Buss. L-264— 5] 
Fermanagh, tin., 477 
Fernioy, Bn., 1. 172 
Ferrers, Earl, 89 
Fevershani, E. of, i§o 
Ffrench, Bn., I. 149 
Field, Bn., 534 . _ 
File, 1). of, 29; Earl, I. 3° 
Fingall, Bn., 385; E. of, 1. 18 
Fisher wick, Bn., 322 
Fitzhardinge, Bn., 440 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 102, 1. 22 
Foley, Bn., 307 „ ^ 
Forbes, Bn., 290, S. 62 
Forester, Bn., 371 
Forrester, Bn., S. 80 
Fortescue, Earl, 115 
Foxford, Bn., 361 
Frankfort de M., Viset., 

I" 108 TT * i- T 

Gage,Ba.,323 ; Visct.,1.91 
Gainsborough, E. of, 170 
Galloway, E. of, S. 30 
Galway, Visct., I. 92 
Gardner, Bn. (dormant), 

356, I. 162 
Garvagh, En., I. 166 
Gerard, Bn., 481 
Gilford, Bn., 374 
Glanusk, Bn., £78 
Glasgow, E. ot, S. 56 
Glenesk, Bn., 55i 
Gordon, Visct., 212 
Gormanston, Bn., 454 ; 

Visct., 1. 75 
Gort, Visct., I. 109 
Goschen, Visct., 231 
Gosford, E. of, 1. 66 
Gough, Visct., 220 
Grafton, B. of, 12 
Graham, Earl, 95 
Granard, Bn., 355 ; E. of, 

Grandison, Visct., I. 77 
Grantley, Bn., 312 
Granville, Earl, 163 
Graves, Bn., I. 139 
Gray, Bnss., S. 64 
(Jrenfell, Bn., 592 
Greville, Bn., 464 
Urey, Earl, 139 
Grey de R., Bn., 269 
Grimston, Visct., 1. 89 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 517 
Grinstead, Bn., 36J 
Guilford, E. of, 103 
Guillamore, Visct., I. 1 
Gwydyr, Bn., 332 
Haddington, E. of, 83, S. 29 
Haldon, Bn., 485 
Haliburton, Bn., 576 
Halifax, Visct., 221 
Halsbury, E. of, 19s 
Hambleden, Visctss. [226 

Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of 1)., Bn., 521 
Hampden, Visct., 224 
Hampton, Bn., 474 
Harberton, Visct., I. 102 
Hardinge, Visct., 219 
Ilardwicke, E. of, 104 
Hare, Bn., 459 
Hare wood, E. of, 142 
Harlech, Bn., 478 
Harrington, E. of, 98 
Harris, Bn., 362 
Harrowby, E. of, 141 
Hartismerc, Bn., 446 
Hastings, Bn., 265 
Hatherton, Bn., 400 

Hawarden, Visct., I. 103 
Hawke, Bn., 306 
Hawkesbury, Bn., 550 
Hay, Bn., 297 
Headfort, M. of, I. 6 
Headley, Bn., 342, I. 146 
Heneage, Bn , 563 
Henley, Bn., 1. 150 
Henniker, Bn., I. 154 
Hereford, Bp. of, 252 
Hereford, Visct., 199 
Herries, Bn., 503, S. 68 
Herschell, Bn., 514 
Hertford, M. of, 37 
Heytesbury, Bn., 383 
Hill, Visct., 2 8 
Hillingdon, Bn., 515 
Hillsborough, E. ol, no 
Hindlip, Bn., 516 
Holm Patrick, Bn., 570 
Home, E. of, S. 25 
Hood, Visct., 206 ; Bn., I. 

Hopetoun, E. of, S. 57 
'Hotham, Bn., I. 144 
Hothlield, Bn., 496 
Howard de W., Bn., 278 
Howard of G., Bn., 460 
I Howe, Earl, 152 
Howth, Bn., 493; E. of, I. 

37 r 1 "1". ''d\ '.. 

Huntingdon, E. of, 58 
Huntingtield, Bn., I. 141 
Huntly, M. of, S. 9 
j Hutchinson, Visct., 214 
Hylton, Bn., 447 
! Idclesleigh, E. of, 188 
Ilchester, E. of, 105 
Inchiquin, Bn., 337, I. 116 
Innes, Earl, 167 
Inverclyde, Bn., 571 
Iveagh, now a Visct., 238 
James of H., Bn., 5^9 
Jersey, E. of, 78 
Kelvin, Bn., 537 
Kenlis, Bn., 388 
Kenmare, Bn., 427 ; E. of. 

I. 63 
Kenry, Bn., 444 
Kensington, Bn 

■, 519, P. 


Kenyon, Bn., 320 
Ker, Bn., 364 
Kerry & S., E. of, I. 23 
Kesteven, Bn., 450 
Killanin, Bn., 585 
Kilinaine, Bn., 340, 1. 135 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 384 
Kilmorey, E. of, 155, 1. 70 
Kimberley, E. of, 178 
Kingsale, Bn., I. in 
Kingston, E. of, I. 38 
Kinloss, Bnss., S. 73 
Kinnaird, Bn., 438, S. 86 
Kinnear, Bn., 565 
Kinnoull, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 588 
Kintore, Bn., 406; E. of, 

Kitchener of K., Visct.. 


Knollys, Bn., 593 
Knutsford, Visct., 228 
Lamington, Bn., 488 
Lanesborough, E.of, I. 29 
Langford, Bn., 344, 1. 15 
Lansdowne, M. of, 32 

Lathom, E. of, 185 
Lauderdale, E. of, 84, S. 31 
Lawrence, Bn., 456 
Leconlield, Bn., 434 
Leeds, D. of. 15 
Leicester, E. of, 168 
Leigh, Bn., 414 
Leinster, Visct., 205 ; D. 
of, I. 1 • 

Leitrim, E. of, I. 55 
Lennox, i>. of, S. 4 
Leven & M.,E. of, 


Lichfield, Bp. of, 249 
Lichfield, E. of, 161 
Lifford, Visct., 1. 98 
Lilford, Bn., 334 
Limerick, E. of, I. 64 
Lincoln, Bp. of, 244 
Lindley, Bn., 584 
Lindsay, E. of, S. 32 
Lindsey, E. of, 64 
Linlithgow, M. of, 53 
Lisburne, E. of, I. 41 
Lisle, Bn., I. 123 
Lister, Bn., 566 
Listowel, E. of, I. 72 
Liverpool, Bp. of, 260 
Llandaff, Visct., 229 
Llangattock, Bn., 544 
Loch, Bn., 555 
Loftus, Bn., 347 
Londesborough, E.of, 189 
London, Bp. of, 239 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of, I. 45 
Lonsdale, E. of, 140 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
Louth, Bn., I. 115 
Lovat, Bn., 404, S. 70 
Lovelace, E. of, 169 
Lovel & H., Bn., 303 
Lucan, E. of, 125, 1. 56 
Lucas, Bn ., 286 
Ludlow, Bn., 569 
Lumley, Visct., I. 80 
Lurgan, Bn., 416 
Lytton, E. of, 184 
Lyveden, Bn., 436 
Macclesfield, E. of, 94 
Macdonald, Bn., I. 127 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 

Macnaghten, Bn., 524 
Magheramorne, Bn., 528 
Malmesbury, E. of, 118 
Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 357 
Manners of H., Bn., 288 
Mansfield, E. of, 112 
Manvers, Earl, 137 
Mar, E. of, 80, S. 16 
Mar & K., E. of, 82, S. 24 
Marlborough, B. of, 18 
Masham, Bn., 536 
Massereene & F., Visct., 
I. 104 

Massy, Bn., 338, I. 130 
Mayo, E. of, 123, I. 47 
Meath, E. of, I. 17 
Meldrum, Bn., 359 
Melfort, Ctss. of, S. 51 
Melville, Visct., 209 
Mendip, Bn., 326 
Meredyth, Bn., 443 
Methuen, Bn., 412 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 35 
Middleton. Bn., 298 
Midleton, Visct., I. 87 
Milltown, E. of (dormt.), 
I. 34 

Milner, Visct., 236 
Minster, Bn., 365 
Minto, E. of, 143 
Molesworth, Visct., I. 85 
Monck, Bn., 445; Visct., 

I. 105 
Monckton, Bn., 526 
Moncreitf, Bn., 470 
Monk Bretton, Bn., 

jMonteagle of B., Bn., 417 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 
S.I Moray, E. of, S. 23 
iMorley, E. of, 148 
Mornington, E. of, I. 31 
Morton, E. of, 81, S. 18 
Mostyn, Bn., 392 
MountCashell, Earl, I. 43 
Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 


Monkswell, Bn., 508 
Monson, Bn., 299 
Montagu of B., Bn., 512 
MontEagle, Bn., 354 


Mountgarret, Visct., I. 76 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 95 
Mount Stephen, Bn., 535 
Mowbray, Bn., 264 
Mulgrave, Bn., I. 125 
Muncaster, Bn., 575, 1- 133 
Munster, E. of, 159 
Muskerry, Bu., 339. 1- l 3 l 
Nairne, Bn., S. 85 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 453 
Napier of Merch., Bn., 467, 
S. 77 

Nelson, Earl, 135 
Newborough, Bn., I. 126 
Newburgh, E. of, S. 45 
Newcastle, B. of, 23 
Newlands, Bn., 573 
Newton, Bn., 542 
Norbury, E. of, I. 73 
Norfolk, D. of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 47 
Normanton, E. of, I. 68 
North, Bn., 276 
Northampton, M. of, 40 
Northbourne, Bn., 501 
Northbrook, E. of, 182 
Northcote, Bu., 582 
Northesk. E.of, 87, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., 505 
Northumberland, B. of, 24 
Norton, Bn., 483 
Norwich, Bp. of, 250 
O'Brien, Bn., 586 
O'Hagan, Bn., 465 
O'Neill, Bn., 452 
Onslow, E. of, 130 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 403, 1- 

Orford, E. of, 138 
Oriel, Bn., 369 
Orkney, E. of, S. 52 
Ormathwaite, Bn., 451 
Ormonde, Bn., 366 ; M. of, 
I. 11 

Overtoun, Bn., 549 
Oxenfoord, Bn., 419 
Oxford, Bp. of, 261 
Peel, Visct., 227 
Pembroke & M., E. of, 59 
Penrhyn, Bn., 448 
Perth, E. of, S. 26 
Peterborough, Bp. of, 255 
Petre, Bn., 279 
Play fair, Bn., 545 
Plunket, Bn., 379 
Plymouth, E. of, 198 
Poltimore, Bn., 391 
Polwarth, Bn., S. 87 
Ponsonby, Bn., 300 
Portarlington, E. of, I. 46 
Portland, B. of, 21 
Portman, Visct., 223 
Portsmouth, E. of, 99 
Poulett, Ear], 79 
Powerscourt, Bn., 504; 

Visct.. I. 93 
Powis, E. of, 134 
Queensberry, M. of, S. 10 
Radnor, E. of, 107 
Radstock, Bn., I. 159 
Raglan, Bn., 426 
Ramsay, Bn., 476 
Ranfurly, Bn., 377 ; E. of, 


Rathdonnell, Bn., 455, I. 

Index to Rolls — Roman Catholic Peers — Representative Peers. 35 

Rathmore, Bn., 560 
Ravensworth, .Bn., 372 
Rayleigh, Bn., 373 
Reay, Bn., 494, S. 79 
Redesdale, Bn., 594 
Rendel, Bn., 552 
Rendlesham, Bn., I. 163 
Revelstoke, Bn., 507 
Ribblesdale, Bn., 335 
Richmond & G., D. of 11 
Ridley, Visct., 232 
Ripon, Bp. of, 243 
Ripon, M. of, 48 
Roberts, Earl, 196 
Robertson, Bn., 581 
Roden, E. of, I. 40 
Rodney, Bn., 313 
Rollo, Bn., S. 83 
Romilly, Bn., 442 
Romney, E. of, 131 
Rosebery, Bn., 381 ; E. of, 
S. 55 

Rosraead, Bn., 564 
Rosse, E. of. 136, 1. 67 
Rosslyn, E. of, 128 
Rossmore, Bn., 407 ; I. 143 
Rothes, E. of, S. 17 
Rothesay, D. of, 8. 1 
Rothschild, Bn., 506 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 
Russell, Earl, 177 
Ruthven, Bn., S. 84 
Rutland, D. of, 19 
Sackville, Bn., 482 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 254 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 247 
St. David's, Bp. of, 256 
St. Germans, E. of, 147 
St. John of B., Bn., 277 
St. Leonards, Bn., 425 
St. Levan, Bn., 527 ' 
St. Oswald, Bn., 510 
St. Vincent, Visct., 208 
Salisbury, Bp. of, 245 
Salisbury, M. of, 34 
Saltersford, Bn., 329 

Saltoun, Bn., 291, S. 63 
Sandhurst, Bn., 466 
Sandwich, E. of, 63 
Sandys, Bn., 351 
Savile, Bn., 533 
Saye & S., Bn., 280 
Scarbrough, E. of, 75 
Scarsdale, Bn., 301 
Scafield, E. of, S, 53 
Seaton, Bn., 418 

j Strafford, E. of, 172 [Verulam, E. of, 145 

(Strange, Earl, 113 Vivian, Bn., 420 

Strathcona & Mt. R., Bn., Wakefield, Bp. of, 258 

572 Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, 1 

jStratheden & C, Bn., 402 : Waldegrave, Earl, 96 
iStrathmore & K., E. of, S. , Wallscourt, Bn., I. 156 
27 jWalsingham, Bn., 309 

; Strathspey, Bn., 499 ; Wandsworth, Bn., 556 
IStuartof CastleS., Bn., 327 Warwick, E. of, ioo 

Sudeley, Bn., 411 

Sefton, Bn., 386 ■ E. of, 1. 39;Sudley, Bn., 502 

Selborne, E. of, 187 ISuffield, Bn., 319 

Selby, Visct., 237 jSuftblk & B., E. of, 61 

Sempill, Bn., S. 67 Sutherland, D. of, 27 ; 

Shaftesbury, E. of, 72 | of, S. 15 

Shannon, E. of, I. 28 ! Swansea, Bn., 547 

Sheffield, Bn., 352 ; E. of, jTaaffe, Visct., I. 81 



Sherard, Bn., I. 118 
Sherborne, Bn., 316 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 56 
Shute, Bn., 484 
Shuttleworth, Bn., 589 
Sidmouth, Visct., 210 
Silchester, Bn., 368 
Sinclair, Bn., 292, S. 66 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerhill, Bn., 375 
Somers, Bn., 314 
Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 468 
Sondes, Earl, 186 
Southampton, Bn., 311 
i Southesk, E. of, S. 37 
'Southwark, Bp. of, 253 
i Southwell, Visct., I. 96 
< Spencer, Earl, 108 
Stafford, Bn., 2S4 
j Stair, E.of, S. 54 
Stalbridge, Bn., 518 
Stamford, E. of, 65 
Stanhope, Earl, 93 
Stanley of A., Bn., 413 
Stanmore, Bn., 551 
Stewart of G., Bn., 328 
Stormont, Visct., S. 59 
Stradbroke, E. of, 153 

Talbot de M. Bn., 429 ; T. 

of M., Bn., I. 167 
Tankerville, E. of, 91 
Teignmouth, Bn., 1. 147 
Temple of S., Earl, 154 
Templemore, Bn., 393 
Templetown, Visct., 211, 1 
I 107 

(Tennyson, Bn., 498 
'Tenterden, Bn., 378 
Teynham, Bn., 283 
Thring, Bn., 523 
Thurlow, Bn., 324 
Tollemache, Bn., 480 
Torphichen, Bn., 293, S.7: 
Torrington, Visct., 204 
Townshend, Marcj., 33 
Tredegar, Bn., 435 
Trevor, Bn., 489 
Trimlestown, Bn., I. 112 
Truro, Bp. of, 248 
Tweeddale, Bn., 492; M. 

of, S. 11 
Tweedmouth, Bn., 497 
Tyrone, Bn., 317 
Valentia, Visct., I. 78 
Vane, Earl, 156 
Vaux of II., Bn., 273 
Ventry, Bn., 345, 1. 155 
Vernon, Bn., 304 

Waterford, E. of, I. 13 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark, Bn., I. 138 
Welby, Bn., 553 
Wellington, 1). of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 367 ; E. of 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wenlock, Bn., 415 
Wentworth, Bn., 274 
Westbury, Bn., 439 
Westcote, Bn., I. 129 
Westmeath, E. of, 119,1. 15 
Westminster, D. of, 28 
Westmorland, E. of, 63 
Wharncliffe, E. of, 181 
Wicklow, E. of, I. 53 
Wigan, Bn., 376 
Willoughby de B., Bn., 272 
Wilton, E. of, 133 
Wimborne, Bn., 486 
Winchester, Bp. of, 241 
Winchester, M. of, 31 
Winchilsea & N., E. of, 66 
Winterton, Earl, I. 36 
Winton, E. of, 175 
Wolseley, Visct., 225 
Wolverton, Bn., 463 
Worlingham, Bn., 401 
Wrottesley, Bn., 410 
Wynford, Bn., 383 
Yarborough, E. of, 166 
York, Abp. of, 6 
Zetland, M. of, 52 
Zouche of H., Bn., 26S 



Duke — Norfolk. 
Marquesses. — Bute, Ripon. 

Earls— Abingdon, Ashburnham, Denbigh, Fingall, Gainsborough, Granard, Kenmare, Newburgh, 

Viscounts.— Gormanston, Llandaff, Southwell, Taaffe. 

Barons. — Acton, Arundell of Wardour, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Brampton, Braye, Camoys, 
Clifford of Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emly, Ffrench, Gerard, Hemes, Howard of 
Glossop, Killanin, Louth, Lovat, Mowbray and Stourton, North, O'Brien, Petre, Stafford, 
Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden. 




Balfour of B., Bn., 1876 
Belhaven & S., Bn., 1900 
Carnwath, E. of, 1892 
Dundonald, E. of, 1886 
Falkland, Visct., 1894 
Forbes, Bn., 1874 
Haddington, E. of, 1874 
Lauderdale, E. of, 1889 
Leven & M., E. of, 1891 
Mar, E. of, 1886 
Mar & Kellie, E. of, 1892 

Morton, E. of, 1886 
Northesk, E. of, 1900 
Saltoun, Bn., 1890 
Sinclair, Bn., 1885 
Torphichen, Bn., 1894 


Annesley, Earl, 1877 
Bandon, E. of, 1881 
Bangor, Visct., 1885 
Bellew, Bn., 1904 

Belmore, E. of, 1857 
Castlemaine, Bn., i8g5 
Clonbrock, Bn., 1895 
Crofton, Bn., 1873 
Darnley, E. of, 1905 
Drogheda. E. of, 1899 
Dunalley, Bn., 1893 
Dunboyne, Bn., 1901 
Headley, Bn., 1883 
Inchiquin, Bn., 1900 
Kilmaine Bn., 1890 
Kilmorey, E. of, 1882 

Langford, Bn., 1884 
Lucan, E. of, 1889 
Massy, Bn., 1876 
Mayo, E. of, 1890 
Muskerry, Bn., 1802 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 1902 
Rathdonnell, Bn., 1889 
Rosse, E. of, 1868 
Templetown, Visct., 1894 
Ventry, Bn., 1871 
Westmeath, E. of, 1901 
[1 vacancy] 

E 2 




Aberdeen, E. of, Sc Gordon, V. 

Argyll, D. of, Sc IVie same 

Armagh, E. of, Jr Cumberland & Teviotdale, 

H.R.H. D. of 

Arran, E. of, Ir Sudley, B. 

Athlumney, B.,Ir Meredyth, B. 

Atholl,D. of, Sc Strange, E. 

Auckland, B., Ir The same 

Barrington, V., Ir Shute, B. 

Bessborough, E. of, Ir Ponsonby, B. 

Boyne, V., Ir Brancepeth, B. 

Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. Breadalbane, M. of 

Bridport, B., Ir Bridport, V. 

Buccleuchde Queensberry, D. Doncaster, E. of 
of, Sc. 

Carew, B., Ir The same 

Carrington, B.,Ir Cai*rington,Earl 

Carysfort, E. of, It Carysfort, B. 

Cassillis, E. of, Sc Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, B., Sc « Cathcart, Earl 

Cholmondeley, V., Ir Cholmondeley, M. of 

Clancarty, E. of, Ir Clancarty, V. 

Clanriearde, M. of, Ir Somerlyll, B. 

Clanwilliam, E. of, Ir Clanwilliam, B. 

Clifden, V., Ir Mendip, B. 

Clive, B.,Ir Powis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B., Ir The same 

Colville (of Culross), B., Sc. . . Colville of Culross, V. 

Conway. B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Gonyngham, Marq., Tr Minster, B. 

Cork <fc Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Courtown, E. of, Ir Saltersford, B. 

Crawford & Balcarres, E. AVigan, B. 
of, Sc. 

Cremorne, B., Ir Dartre;/, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of, Sc ltan>»a.\ , K. 

Desmond, E. of. Ir Denbigh, E. of 

Digby, B.,Ir The same 

Dingwall, B., Sc Lucas, B. 

Donegall, M. of, It Eisherwick, B. 

Donoughmore, E. of, Ir. . . . Hutchinson, V. 

Downe, V.,Ir Dawnay, B. 

Downshire, M. of, Ir Hillsborough, E. of 

Dufferin & Claneboye, M.,Ir. Dufferin & Ava, M. of 
Dumblane [?Dun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, D. of 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, M. of 

Dunmore, E. of, Sc Dunmore, B. 

Dunraven<t Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
of, Ir. 

Eglintoni&Winton, E. of, Sc. Win ton, E.of 

Egmont, E. of, Ir Lovel & Holland, B. 

Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, Elgin, B. 

Elphinstone, B., Sc The same 

Ely, M. of, It Loftus, B. 

Enniskillen, E. of, It Grinstead, B. 

Erne, E. of, Ir ►< — Fermanagh, B. 

frroll, E.of, Sc Kilmarnock, B. 
ife, Earl,/r Fife, D. of 

Fingall, E.of, It Fingall, B. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., Sc Verulam, E. of 

Gage, V., Ir Gage, B. 

Galloway, E. of, So Stewart of Garlies, B, 

Gulway, V., Ir Monckton, B. 

Gardner, B., It The same 

Glasgow, E. of, Sc Fairlie, B. 

Gormanston, V.,Ir Gormanston, B. 

Gosford, E. of , Ir AVorlingham.B. 

Granard, E. of ; Ir Granard, B. 


The numerous Scottish and Irish Peers noticed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their "native " 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given in 
division lists of the House of Lords, and in a majority of instances, though far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former. The higher title, which is naturally 
the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table. 

(i) Scottish and Ieish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents. 

Grandison, V., Ir Jersey, E. of 

Grimston, V., Ir Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of , Sc Brandon, D. of {Hamilton & 


Headfort, M. of, It Kenlis, B. 

Henley, B.,It. Northington, B. 

Henniker, B.,Ir Hartismere, B. 

Herries, B.,Sc The same 

Home, E. of, Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood. B., Ir. Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, Sc Linlithgow, M. of 

Howth, E.of, It Howth, B. 

Huntly, M. of, Sc. . Meldrum, B. 

Kenmare, E. of, Ir Kenmare, B. 

Kensington, B.,Ir The same 

Kerry & Shelburne, E, of, Lansdowne, M. 

Kinnaird, B.,Sc The same 

Kinnoull, E. of, Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E.of,Sc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, D. of, Ir Leinster, V. 

Leitrim, E.of, It Clements, B. 

Lennox, D. of, Sc . . Richmond \& Gordon), D. of 

Limerick, E.of,Ir Foxford, B. 

Listowel, E. of, Ir Hare, B. 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir Vane, Earl 

Longford, E. of, Ir Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M. of, Sc Kei , B. 

Loudoun, E. of, Sc Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B.,So The same 

Burnley, V., Ir Scarbrough, E. of 

Massereane & Ferrard, V. Oriel, B. 

31eath, E.of,Ir Chaworth, B. 

Midleton, V., Ir Brodrick, B. 

Monck, V., It Monck, B. 

Montrose, D.of,8c Graham, Earl 

Moray, E.of, So Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir. Wellington, D. of 

Mulgrave, B., Ir Normanby, M. of 

Muncaster, B., Ir The same 

Nairne, B., Sc Lansdowne, M. of 

Napier, B.. Sc Ettrick, B. (Napier & 


Normanton, E. of, It Somcrton, B. 

Ormonde, M. of, It Ormonde, B. 

Powerscourt, V.,lr Powerseourt, B. 

Ranfurly, E. of, It Eanfurly, B. 

Reay, B.,Sc The same 

Rollo, B.,Sc Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E. of, Sc Rosebery, B. 

Rossmore, B., Ir The same. 

Rothsay, D. of, Sc Wales, H.R.H. , Prince of 

Roxburghe, D. of, Sc Innes, Earl 

Seatield, E. of, Sc Strathspey, B. 

Sffton, E.of, Ir Sefton, B. 

Shannon, E. of , Ir Carleton, B. 

Sheffield, E. of, Ir Sheffield, B. 

Sligo, M. of, Ir MontEagle, B. 

Southesk, E. of, Sc Balinhard, B. 

Stair, E.of,So - Oxenfoord, B. 

Stormont, V., Sc Mansfield, E. 

Strathmore (d'Kinghorne), E. Bowes, B. 
of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of, Sc Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. . Talbot de Malahide, B. 

Tweeddale, M. of, Sc Tweeddale, B. 

Waterford, E. of, Ir Shrewsbury (& Talbot), E. of 

Waterford, M. of, Ir Tyrone, B. 

Wemyss & March, E. of, Sc. AVemyss, B. 
AVestcote, B., Ir Cobham, V. 

Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 


There are thus in the preceding list 84 Irish titles of ,a total 175 in the Irish Peerage, 
and 51 Scottish of a total 87. There are several among the names, however, that should 
be regarded as those of English nobles who have come also into possession of Scottish or 
Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess of Lansdowne, and the Earl of 
Verulam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to Imperial titles, as the list that 
follows will more readily exhibit. It may be added that the list given in the Almanack 
corresponds with the preceding table only, and does not include instances where titles 
are "the same." 

(2) Imperial Titles with their Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

Abercorn, M. of 

Ailsa, M. of Cassillis, E. of, Sc. 

Argyll, D. of The Same, Sc. 

Auckland, B The same, Ir. 

Balinhard, B Southesk, E. of, Sc. 

Botreaux, B Loudoun, E. of. Sc. 

Bowes, B Strathmore (dKinghorne), E. 

of, Sc. 

Boyle, B Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 

Brancepeth, B Boyne, V., Ir. 

Brandon, D. of {Hamilton & 

Brandon) Hamilton, D. of, Sc. 

Breadalbane, M. of Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. 

Bridport, V Bridport.B., Jr. 

Brodrick, B Midleton, V., Ir. 

Bute, M.of Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. 

Carew, B The same, Ir. 

Carleton, B Shannon, E. of, Ir. 

Carrington, Earl Carrington, B., Ir. 

Carysfort, B. Carysfort, E. of, Ir. 

Cathcart, Earl Cathcart, B., Sc. 

Chaworth, B Meath, E. of, Ir. 

Gholmondeley, M.of Cholmondeley, V., Ir. 

Clancarty, V Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 

Clanwilliam, B Clanwilliam, E. of, Ir. 

Clements, B Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 

Cloncurry, B The same, Ir. 

Cobham, V. Westcote, B., Ir. 

Colville of Gulross, V. Colville (of Culrc^s), B., 


Cumberland & Teviotdale, Armagh, E. of, Ir. 
H.R.H.D. of 

Bar trey, E. of Cremorne, B., Ir. 

Dawnay, B Downe, V., Ir. 

Denbigh, E- of Desmond, E. of, Ir. 

Digby, B The same, Ir. 

Doncaster, E. of Buccleuch & Queensberry, B. 

of, Sc. 

Douglas, B Home, E. of, Sc. 

Dufferin £ Ava, M. of Dufferin & Claneboye, B., Ir. 

Dunmore, B Dunmore, E. of, Sc. 

Dunning, B Rollo, B., Sc. 

Elgin, B Elgin & Kincardine, E of, 


Elphinstone, B The same, Sc. 

Ettrick, B. (Napier & Etik.) Napier, B., Sc. 

Pairlie, B Glasgow, E. of, Sc. 

Fermanagh, B Erne, E. of, Ir. 

Fife, D.of Pife, Earl, Ir. 

Fingall, B Fingall, E. of, Ir. 

Fisherwick, B Donegall, M. of, Ir. 

Fitzivilliam, Earl The same, Ir. 

Foxford, B Limerick, E. of, Ir. 

Gage, B Gage, V., Ir. 

Gardner, B The same, Ir. 

Gordon, V Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 

Gormanston, B Gormanston, V., Ir. 

Graham, Earl Montrose, D. of, Sc. 

Granard, B Granard, E. of, Ir. 

Grin-stead, B Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 

Hare. B Listowel, E. of, Ir. 

Hartismere, B Henniker, B., Ir. 

Hay, B Kinnoull, E. of, Sc. 

Herries, B The same, Sc. 

Hertford, M.of Conway, B., Ir. 

Hillsborough, E. of Downshire, M. of Ir. 

Hood, V Hood, B., Ir. 

'Howth, B Howth, E. of, Ir. 

. Hutchinson, V Donoughmore, E. of. Ir. 

Innes, Earl . 
Jersey, E. of. 
Kenlis, B. . . . 
Kenmare, B. 
Kenry, B. . . . 

Kensington, B. 

Ker, B 

K ilmarnock, B. 
Kinnaird.B. .. 
Kintore, B 

Lansdowne, M. of .. 

Leeds, D.of 

Leinster, V 

Linlithgow, M. of . 

Loftus, B 

Lovat, B 

Love! & Holland, B. 

Lucas, B 

Mansfield, E. of — 

Meldrum, B 

Mendip, B 

Meredyth, B 

Minster, B 

Monck, B 

Monckton, B 

MontEagle, B 

Muncaster, B 

Normanby, M. of . . 

Northington, B 

Oriel, B 

Ormonde, B 

Oxenfoord, B 

Ponsonby, B 

Powerscourt, B 

Powis, E.of 

Ramsay, B 

Rant'urly, B 

Reuy, B 

Richmond (<& Gordon), D. of 

Rosebery, B 

Rossmore, B 

Saltersford, B 

Scarbrough, E. of 

Sefton, B 

Sheffield, B 

Shrewsbury (& Talbot), E. of 

Shute, B 

Silchester, B 

Somerhill, B 

Somerton, B 

Stewart of Garlies, B 

Strange, Earl 

Strathspey, B 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . 

Sudley, B 

Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot de Malahide, B 

Tweeddale, B 

Tyrone, B 

Vane, Earl 

Verulam, E.of { 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of . . 

Wellington, D.of 

Wemyss, B 

Wigan, B 

Winton, E. of.. 
Worlingham, B. 

Roxburghe, D. of, Sc. 
Grandison, V., Ir. 
Headfort, M. of, Ir. 
Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 
Uunravendt Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Lothian, M. of. Sc. 
Erroll, E. of, Sc. 
The same, Sc. 
Kintore, E. of, Sc. 
Kerry & Shelburne, E. of, Ir. 
Nairne, B., Sc. 
Dumblane L?Dun-], V., Sc. 
Leinster, D. of, Ir. 
Hopetoun, E. of, Sc. 
Ely, M. of, Ir. 
The same. Sc. 
Eomont, E. of, Ir. 
Dingwall, B., Sc. 
Stormont, V., Sc. 
Huntly, M. of, Sc. 
Clifden, V., Ir. 
Athlumney, B., Ir. 
Conyngham, Marq., Ir. 
Monck, V., Ir. 
Galway, F.,Ir. 
Sligo, M. of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Mulgrave, B., Ir. 
Henley, B., Ir. 
Massereene & Ferrard, V., 


Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 
Stair, E. of, Sc. 
Bessborough, E. of, Ir. 
Powerscourt, V., Ir. 
Clive, B., Ir. 
Dalhousie, E. of, Sc. 
Ranfurly, E. of, Ir. 
The same. Sc. 
Lennox, D. of, Sc. 
Rosebery, E. of, Sc. 
The same, Ir. 
Courtown, E. of, Ir. 
Lumley, v., Ir. 
Sefton, E. of, Ir. 
Sheffield, E. of, Ir. 
Waterford, E. of, Ir. 
Barrington, V., Ir. 
Longford, E. of, Ir. 
Clanricarde, M. of, Ir. 
Normanton, E. of, Ir. 
Gallowau, E. of, Sc. 
Atholl, D. of, Sc. 
Seafield, E. of, Sc. 
Moray, E. of, Sc. 
Arran, E. of, Ir. 
Sutherland, E. of, Sc. 
Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 
Tweeddale, M. of, Sc. 
Waterford, M. of, Ir. 
Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 
Grimston, V., Ir. 
Forrester, B., Sc. 
Rothsay, D. of, Sc. 
Mornington, E. of, Jr. 
Wemyss & March, E. of, Sc. 
Cravjford & Balcarres, E. 
of, Sc. 

Eglinton & Winton, E. of, Sc. 
Gosford, E. of, Ir. 




Showing the Dates of Existing Dignities in the Order in which they were Conferred. 
*** Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Directory, and there 
followed by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
leading one. Note =that both here and in the references the term " Baron" is employed uniformly, though under 
" Creations " it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation, 

Peerages of England, Scot-\ i3l6?Kildare, Earl 

land, and Ireland; all, 1321 Dacre (Hampden), 

previous to 1387, by\ Baron 

writ imless " tenure " 1 1324 Grey de Ruthyn,!?, 

is added. Edward III., 

[Alex. L, 1107-24.] 

14+ Mar, Earl (orig 


[David I., Scot. 1124-53.] 1328 ? Ormonde, Earl 

( fErcildun, Baron , [David II. Scot., 1329-71] 
H40< tLmdsay 01 Craw-i *330 Maltravers, Bar™ 


(. ford, Baron 
[Malcolm, Scot., 1153-65] 
Henry II. ,1154-1189. 
1155 Arundel, Earl 

1445 + Saltoun, Baron 1 1489 +Sinclair, Baron 
+Gray, Baron \ tAlloa, Baron 

t Campbell (Argyll),) +Sempill, Baron 
Baron j 1490 1-Herries, Baron 

+Glamis, Baron 1 1491 tOgTivy ofAirlie,Z?ra. 
tGraham, Baron ! 1492 Willoughby de 

1446 JWaterford, Earl I Broke, Baron (writ) 

1447 "tCathcart, Baron 1505 tMontrose, Et 

Saye and Sele, Bn. 

1332 Daecy de Knayth, 144 8 Stourton, Ba 


1336 +Garioch, Baron 

1 337 Cornwall, Duke 
1350 § Birmingham ('/) Bn, 

. , 1 1368 Botreaux, Baron 

[Wm.,Scot., 1165-1214J 1370 §Gormanston, Bn. 
3(?), Baron < Rq - 

1170 jLaundres 
1 1 77 \ Howth, Bn . (tenure) 
1180 §Delvin,i?«. (tenure) 
Richard I. , 1 1 89- 1 199 

(No creation surviving.) 

John, 1199-1216. 

1 205 \ Off aly , Bn . (tenure) 
[Alex. II. Scot., 1214-45] 

Henry III., 1 2 16- 1 272 

1223 \ Kingsale, Courcy, 
& Ringrone, Bn. 
[Alex. III. Scot.,i249-S6] 
1250? Kerry & Lixnaw, 

Baron (tenure) 
1264 See 1283.* 
Edward I., 1272- 1307 

1274 §Dunboyne, Baron 
1283 De Eos, Bn. 

Le Despencer, Bn. 
Mowbray, Baron 
Segrave, Baron 
Fauconberg, Bn. 
Roos of Kendal, Bra. 
(tenure) . 
[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90, 
then 2 yrs. interregnum] 
1290 Hastings, Baron 
[JohnBaliol, Scot., 1292- 

1295 J Kerry, Baron 
1299 De Clifford, Baron 
Clinton, Baron 
Latimer, Baron 
De La Warr, Baron 
(precedence of) 
1302 $Arklow (?), Baron 
1305 Botetourt, Baron 
[Robt. I. Scot., 1306-29] 
Edward II., 
1308Z0UC11E ofHaryng- 

WORTH, Baron 
1309 Beaumont, Baron 
1313 Willoughby de 
Eresby, Baron 

[Robt. II. Scot., 1371-90] 
1375 ?Ea Poer, Baron 

Richardll. 1377- 1399 

1383 Camoys, Baron 

1387 Baronies by Letters 
Patent first created: 
all foUg, by patent 
unless "writ" is 
is added. 
1389 t Angus, Earl 

§Delvin, Bn. (writ) 
[Robert III. Scot., 1390- 

1392 Bergavenny, Baron 

1397 SKingsale, Baron 


1398 +Crawford, Earl 

Henry IV., 1 399-141 3 

(No Engl, creation left.) 
1401 tDalkeith (Morton) , 

1403 ?Killeen, Baron 

1404 +Mar, Earl 

[Jas. I. Scot., 1406-37] 

HenryV., 1413-1422. 

1421 Berkeley, Baron 

HenryVL, 1422-1461 

1424+Hay of Slains, Bn. 

1425 tErskine (Mar & 

Kellie ?) , Baron 

1426 Hungerford, Baron 

1433 Arundel, Earl 

(tenure confirmed) 
[Jas. EC. Scot., 1437-60] 
1439 \ Dunsany, Baron 


1442 Shrewsbury, Earl 

+E0R3ES, Baron 
1445 + Lindsay of the 
Byres, Baron 
+ Leslie, Baron 
De Molines (Lou- 
doun), Bn. (writ) 


+Montgomerie, Bn . 
\ tSeton, Baron 
tHuntly, Earl 
Bn. (renewed) 

1506 Herbert of Ragland, 

1508 +Eglinton, Earl 

1509 "tCassillis, Earl 

Henry VIII., 

1 509- 1 547. 

1509 Conyers, Bn. (writ) 

1452 +B0RTHWICK, Baron 1510 +Elphinstone, Bn. 
tKennedy, Baron [Jas. V. Scot. 1513-42.] 

1453 +Erroll, Earl 1514 Worcester, Earl 
*455 +Caithness, Earl 1523 Vaux of Harrow- 

(orig.) den, Baron (writ) 

Berners, Baron 
1457 + Argyll, Earl 


+ Rothes, Earl 
tBallinbriech, Bn. 
{ +Morton, Earl 
\ i-Aberdour, Baron 
[Jas. III. Scot., 1460-S8] 

Edward IV., 

1461 Hastings of Ashby 
de la L., Bn. (writ) 
Hefbert of Herbert, 

Baron (writ) 
§Trimlestown, Bn. 
^Dunsany, Bn. (pat.) 
1464 +Lovat, Bn. (orig.) 
( +RothSay, Duke 

1469 j tCarrick, Earl 

( i-Renfrew, Baron 
( tBuciiAN, Earl 
\ t Auchterhouse, Bn 

1470 tLorne, Baron 
1473 tHome, Baron 


, .o~ J Norfolk, Duke 
1483 ( Surrey, Earl 
Edward V., 1483 

(3 months) . 
(No creation.) 
Richard III., 
(No creation surviving.) 
Henry VII., 
1485 Derby, Earl 
1488 tDrummond of Car- 
gill, Baron 
[Jas. IV. Scot. 1488-1513] 

1525 Rutland, Earl 
1527 ijOssory, Earl 
1529 Braye, Baron (writ) 
Windsor, Bn. (writ) 
Wentworth, Baron 

Huntinpdon, Earl 
1537 SThurles, Viscount 
1539 tLovAT, Baron 
(new charter) 
Russell of Cheneys, 

St. John of Basing, 

1541 £Dunboyne, B. (pat.) 
§ Louth, Baron 
[Mary of Scot., 1542-67] 
\ $Clanricarde, Earl 

1543 \ ?Dunkellin, Bn. 
^Inchiquin, Baron 
i +Caithness, Earl 
\ tBerriedale, Bn. 


* The first four of the Bn 
by Sir Simon de Montfort in 1264 ; 

be valid. That of Fauconberg was made by first summons in 1283, renewed 1295. 

Edward VI., 


Seymour, Baron 
Somerset, Duke 
550 Bedford, Earl 
Wiltshire, Earl 
Hereford, Vise. 


< Viscount 
UKells, Baron 
( Pembroke, Earl 
1551 < Herbert of Cardiff, 
' Baron 
Winchester, Mq. 
1553 Paget, Baron (writ) 

Mary, 1553-1558. 

553 Devon, Earl 
tCrichton of San- j 1554 North, Baron (writ) 
quhar, Baron Howard of Effing- 

tHay of Yester, Bn. | ham, Baron 
ther with that of Hastings (1290), were originally created 

now phiced under 1283, toget 

" ut the House of Lords has recently decided that no creation made by him can 

Historic Peerage. 


Elizabeth, 1 558- 1 603 
1559 St. John op Bletso, 

/' +Moray, Earl 
1562-] tAbernethy and 

(. Strathearn, Bn. 

1564 +T0KPHICHEN, Bn. 

1565 ( ^Sutherland, E. 
i tStrathnaver, Bn. 
IMar (M. & Kellie^ 

Earl [1625. 
[James VI. Scot., 1567- 

1571 Burghley, Baron 

1572 Lincoln, Earl 

De La "Warr, Baron 
Norreys, Bn. (writ) 
1581 tDoune, Baron 
1587 tPaisley, Baron 

1590 tMaitland, Baron 

1591 tNewbottle, Baron 
1597 Howard de "Wal- 

den, Baron (writ) 
( +Huntly, Mara. 
»599 j -i-Enzie, i?arZ 

? t Inverness, Vise. 

1600 ] tBadenoch, Loch 
( aber, &c.,Bn. 
tBoxburghe, Baron 
( tWiNTON, Earl 

X tSeton & Tranent, 
(. Baron 

1601 tCampbell of Lou- 

doun, Baron 

1602 tKiNLOSS, Baron 

James I., 1603-1625. 

1603 Suffolk, Earl 
tAbercorn, Baron 
Cecil, Baron 
tDirleton, Baron 
Grey of Groby, Bn. 
Petre, Baron 
Russell of Thom- 

haugh, Baron 
Spencer (Marl- 
borough) , Baron 
Saye & Sele, Baron 
1604+Murray of Tulli- 
bardine, Baron 
Cranborne, Viscount 


ross, Baron 
lg ( +Home, Earl 
5 ( tDunglass, Baron 
( tPERTH, Earl 
I tDrummond of 
( Stobhall, Baron 
Exeter, Earl 
/^Montgomery, -Ea?^ 
^Herbert of Shur- 
V land, Baron 
Salisbury, Earl 
Cavendish of Hard- 
wick, Baron 
Arundell of "War- 
dour, Baron 
tScone, Baron 
i6o5 tLothian, Earl 

tScott of Buccleuch, 

tFentoun, Viscount 

castle, and Kil- 
\ patrick, Baron 

1606) +Kinghorne, Earl 
\ tLyon&Glamis, Bn 
tTullibardine, Earl 

1607 tGarlies, Baron 
+Balfour of Bur- 
leigh, Baron 

1608 CLiFTON(of Leighton 
Bromswold), Baron 


1609 tDiNGWALL, Baron 
tMaderty, Baron 

1610 tCardross, Baron 

1611 +St. Colme, Baron 
1613 +Binning&Byres,i?w 
J 615 Dormer, Baron 

1616 1- Lauderdale, Vt. 
tCamegie of Kin- 

naird, Baron 
tMelville, Baron 
Teynham, Baron 
SBrabazon of Ardee, 

\ Moore, Baron 
\ Boyle of Youghal, 
( tBoxburghe, Earl 
\-KKerof Cessford,2?«. 
Stanhope (Chester- 
field), Baron 

1617 ^Hamilton of Stra- 

bane, Baron 

1618 \ Lambart of Cavan, 

Northampton, Earl 
Devonshire, Earl 
tRamsay of Dal- 

housie, Baron 

1619 +Kellie, Earl 

itBuccleuch, Earl 
tScott of Whitches- 
ter and Eskdaill, 
+Haddington, Earl 
\ Stuart of Castle- 
stuart, Baron 

1620 SGrandison, Vt. 
?Digby, Baron 

I $Cork, Earl 

\ \ Dungarvan, Vt. 


\ +Cary, Baron 
SFitzwilliam, Baron 
(Mandeville, Vt. 
< Montagu of Kim- 
( bolton, Baron 
'{Caulfeildof Charle- 

mont, Baron 
J Feilding, Viscount 
\ Feilding, Baron 
{Antrim, E. (orig.) 

1621 Brooke, Baron 

\ Moore, Viscount 
1-Stormont, Vise. 
?Westmeath, Earl 
?Andover, Viscount 

1622 < Howard of Charl- 
( ton, Baron 
tAyr, Viscount 
tJedburgh, Baron 
§Valentia, Vise. 

\ Dillon, Viscount 

! Denbigh, Earl 
\ Desmond, Earl 
SCallan, Viscount 
\ Feilding, Baron 

1623 Maidstone, Viscount 
+Gallo^ay, Earl 

!+Lauderdale, E. 
tMaitland, Vise. 
tThirlestane and 
Boltoun, Baron 

{Westmorland, E. 
Burghersh, Baron 

Charles I., 1625 -1649 

1 625 \ Chichester (Done- 

gall) , Vise, and Bn . 
?Kilmorey, Viscount 

1626 Manchester, Earl 
Berkshire, Earl 
Lindsey, Earl 

1627 ?Meath, Earl 
tDupplin, Vise. 
tHay of Kinfauns, 

-KNapier of Mer- 

chistoun, Baron 
Poulett, Baron 
^Sherard, Baron 

tF A I R F A X OF 

Cameron, Baron 
Fitzalan of Clun 



1628 Brudenell, Baron 

i\ Boyle of Kinal- 
meaky, Viscount 
SBandon Bridge, 
SBroghill, Baron 
Stamford, Earl 
( tDrumlaniig, Vt. 
\ tDouglas of Haw- 
( ick&Tibbers,^rt. 
tWemyss, Baron 
Strange, Baron (writ) 
+Reay, Baron 
"Winchilsea, Earl 
5Lumley, Viscount 
\ ?Taaffe, Viscount 
I ?Ballymote, Baron 
Chesterfield, Earl 
tDalzell, Baron 
JFingall, Earl 
JMolyneux, Vise. 

1629 § Mountnorris, Bn. 
tAtholl, Earl 

\ Burke, Viscount 
$Ikerrin, Viscount 
1633 tKiNNOULL, Earl 
( i - Lindsay, Earl 
I tParbroath, Baron 
( +Loudoun, Earl 
< tTarrinzean and 
' Mauchline, Bn. 
( tDuMFRiES, Earl 
\ tCrichtori of Cum- 
( nock, Baron 
tQueensberry, Earl 

! tDouglas, Marq. 
tAbernethy and 
Jedburgh Fo- 
rest, Baron 
I 1-Elgin, Earl 
j tBruce of Kinloss, 
' Baron 
1 tSouTHESK, Earl 
] tCarnegie of Kin- 
j naird & Leuchars, 
I Baron ' 

( tAncram, Earl 
1633-! tKerr of Niabet, 
^ &C, Baron 
c i-Wemyss, Earl 
\ tElchoandMethel, 
( Baron 

( +Dalhousie, Earl 
\ tRamsay of Ker- 
( rington, Baron 
t Forrester (Veru- 

lam), Baron 
tLindsay of Bal- 

carres, Baron 
( tAiRLiE, Earl 

1639 \ tOgilvy of Alyth & 
( Lintrathea, Bn. 
+Carnwath, Earl 
tRosehill and. Inglis- 

maldie, Baron 

1640 Stafford, Baron 

1641 Capell, Baron 

i +Leven, Earl 
\ tBalgonie, Baron 


\ tlnverbervie, Bn. 
tBalvaird, Baron 

1642 "Worcester, Marq. 

1643 tELiBANK, Baron 

I+Hamilton, Duke 
tClydesdale, Mq. 
tArran, Earl 
tLanark, Earl 

< tCambridge, Earl 
I tAven, Baron 

tlnnerdale, Bn. 

I tPolmont, Bn. 

HMachanshire, Bn. 
Sunderland, Earl 
( tDvsART, Earl 

< tHuntingtower, 
( Baron 
Byron, Baron 

1644 Norfolk, Earl 

( Glamorgan, Earl 
I Grosmont, Vise. 
{ Beaufort, Baron 
tMontrose, Marq. 
"Ward, Baron 
I tSelkirk, Earl (.') 

1646 < tDaer and Short- 
( cleuch, Baron 
tTweeddale, Earl 

1617 ^Donegall, Earl 

< \ Cavan, Earl 

\ ^Kilcoursie, Vise. 

tNoRTHESK, Earl 

TON, Baron 
tFalconer, Baron 

f tKlNCAP.DINE,^arZ 

1 tBruce of Torry, 
^ Baron 

tCochrane of Dun- 
donald, Baron 

Charles II., 1649-85 

(in exile 1649-60, but the 
interim creations made 
by him). 

1051 \ tBalniel, Baron 
tRoLLO, Baron 
tRuTHVEN, Baron 

4 o 


f Sand Wich, Earl 
I Hinchingbrooke, 
i66o-( Viscount 

Montagu of St. 
I. Neots, Baron 
30rreRy, Earl 
( +Aboyne, Earl 

< + Gordon of 

' Strathavon, Bn. 
| §Masseeeexe, Vt. 
\ jSLoughneagh, Bn. 
( tNEWBURGH, Earl 
I tKynnaird, Vise. 
' tLevingstone, Bn . 

1661 SCholmondelby, 
( Essex, Earl 
\ Maiden, Viscount 
Cardigan, Eat I 
Townshend, Baron 
( Carlisle, Earl 
J Howard of Mor- 
j peth, Viscount 
^Dacre, Baron 
?Drogheda, Earl 
Ashley, Baron 

(tBuccLEUCH, Duke 
tDalkeith, Earl 
Doxcaster, Earl 
Scott of Tyndale, 
Lucas, Baron 

1664 St. Liz, Baron 
Arlington, Baron 

1665 $Charlemoxt, Vt. 
Craven, Baron 

I tDuxDOXALD, Earl 
1669 < ^Cochrane of 

( Paisley, Baron 
c \ Arlington, Earl 
107^ 1 Thetford> viscount 

Clifford of Chud- 

leigh, Baron 
( Shaftesbury, E. 
\ Cooper, Baron 
( Euston, Earl 

< Ipswich, Viscount 
( Sudbury, Baron 

Latimer, Viscount 
Osborne, Baron 
tOsborne, Viscount 
Danby, Earl 
Pinch, Baron 

1675 +DUXBLANE, Vt. 
( Richmond, Duke 
I March, Earl 
[ Settrington, Baron 
Grafton, Duke 
I +Lexxox, Duke 
\ tDarnley, Earl 
{ -rMethuen, Baron 
\ $Granard, Vt. 
\ iClariG\mgh., Baron 

itAtholl, Marquess 
tBalquhidder, Vt. 
and Gask, Baron 
( Burford, Earl 
\ Hedington, Bn. 
( tKixTORE, Earl 
1677 tKeith of In- 
\ verurie, Baron 



and Holland, E. 
tTay and Paint- 
(• j land, Viscount 
077 ] tGlenorchy, 
I Benederaloch, 
Ormelie, and 
\_ Weick, Baron 


tLyon, Viscount 
tTannadyce, Sid- 
law, and Strath- 
dichtie, Baron 

1679 Manners of Had- 

don, Baron (writ) 
( Berkeley, Earl 
} Dursley, Viscount 

1680 ?Dowxe, Viscount 

1681 +Nairxe, Baron 
Nottixgham, Earl 
Lumley, Baron 

1682 + OUEENSBERRY, Mq. 

Ossulston, Baron 
I + Aberdeen, Earl 
-tFormartine, Vt. 

4 tHaddo, Methlic, 
I Tarves, and 
V Kellie, Baron 
Abixgdox, Earl 
Beaufort, Duke 
Dartmouth, Baron 

Townshend of Rayn- 

ham, Vt. 
\ "Weymouth, Vt. 
\ Thynne, Baron 
+Kinxaird, Baron 

1683 Guilford, Baron 

1684 St. Albaxs, Duke 
?Graxard, Earl 

James II., 1685-1688. 

( tMelfort, Viscount 

1685 < tDrummond of 

' Gilstoun, Baron 
Churchill (Marl- 
borough), Barcn 

1686 Waldegrave, Baron 
C +Dunmore, Earl 

I fPincastle, Vt. 
1 tMurray of Blair, 
\ Baron 
( -tStrathallan, V. 
I tDrummond of 
( Cromlix, Baron 
l +Melfort, Earl 
coa ) +Forth, Viscount 
1000 j tDrummond of 
' Riccartoun, Bn. 

William III., 

1 689- 1 702. 

1689 Carmarthen, 3fq. 
Marlborough, Earl 
( Portland, Earl 
I Woodstock, Vt. 
( Cirencester, Baron 
Lumley, Viscount 
Cholmondeley, Bn. 
Ashburnham, Baron 
C+Mulville, Earl 
&nr> ) +Kirkaldie, Vt. 

1090 1 +Raith,Monymail, 
C & Balwearie, Bn 

1690 Scarborough, Earl 
tStair, Viscount 
tGlenluce and 
Stranraer, Baron 
tPoLWARTH, Baron 
1 Km \ Villiers, Viscount 
1091 \ Villiers, Baron 
1694 Leeds, Duke 

( Bedford, Duke 
\ Tavistock, Marq. 
j Devoxshire, Duke 
Hartington, Marq. 


tGifford, Earl 
tWalden, Viscount 

695 Howland, Baron 
?Lisbume, Vt. 
?Vaughan of Fe- 

thard, Baron 
t Orkney, Earl 

696 { tKirkwall, Vt. 
tDechmont, Baron 
Albemarle, Earl 
Bury, Viscount 
Ashford, Baron 
+March (Wemyss 

&M.), Earl 

1697 1 +Peebles, Viscount 
tDouglas of Neid- 

path &c, Baron 
j Coventry, Earl 
( Deerhurst, Vt. 
Jersey, Earl 

1698 Barnard, Baron 

1699 tBoyle of Kelburne 

&c, Baron 
tEosebery, Vt. 
tPrimrose and 

Dalmeny, Baron 
+ Argyll, Duke 
I tLorn and Kin- 
tyre, Marquess 
I tCampbell and 
/ Cowall, Earl 
tLochow and 

Glenyla, Visct. 
tlnveraray, Mull. 
I, Morvern, and 

Tirie, Baron 
tBriene, Viscount 
+Kerr of New- 
bottle, Baron 

!+Seafield, Earl 
tReidhaven, Vt. 
tOgilvy of Desk- 
ford, Baron 
( ?Strabane, Vt. 
\ JMountcastle, Bn 







Marlborough, Dk 

Blandford, Mq. 
1703 Guernsey, Baron 
Gower, Baron 
Conway of Eagley. 

Hervey, Baron 
( Rutland, Duke 
\ Granby, Marquess 
( +Stair, Earl 
< tDahymple, Vt. 
\ tNewliston, Baron 


\ +Rosebery, Earl 
I tlnverkeithing, Vt. 

!+Glasgow, Earl . 
tKelburne, Vt. 
■tBoyle of Stewar- 
toun &c, Baron 

{tBuTE, Earl 
tKingarth, Vt. 
tMount Stuart, 
Cumra, and 
t +Hopetoun, Earl 
I tAithrie, Viscount 
( tHope, Baron 
+Atholl, Duke - 
tTullibardine, Mq. 
tStrathardle and 

Strathtay, Earl 
Glenalmond, and 
Glenlyon, Vt. 

itGarnock, Viscount 
tKilbirnie, Kings- 
burn, and 
v Drumry, Baron 


f (Buccleuch),Z>^. 
tDumf riesshire , M. 
I tDrumlanrig and 
\ Sanquhar, Earl 
I fNith, Torthor- 
wald, and Ross, 
I Viscount 
\+Douglas of Kin- 
mont &c, Baron 
\ Poulett, Earl 
{ Hinton, Viscount 
j Cholmondeley, E. 
\ Malpas, Viscount, 
tMoxTEOSE, Duke 
tGrahim and Bu- 
chanan, Mq. 
tKincardine, Earl 
tDundaif, Viscount 
Pintrie, and 
Mugdock, Baron 
tBowmont & Cess- 
ford, Marquess 
tKelso, Earl 
tBroxmouth, Vt. 

Peerages of Gt. Britain 
and of Ireland. 
I Perrers, Earl 

1711 \ Tamworth, Vt. 

\ Dartmouth, Earl 
I Lewisham, Vt. 
Boyle (of Marston), 

Bar on 
Hay (of Pedwar- 

dine), Baron 
Middletox, Baron 

1712 Bathurst, Baron 


\ St. John of Lydi- 
( ard Tregoze, Bn. 
i Braxdox, Duke 
\ Dutton, Baron 
I Cox way (of Kill- 
ultagh), Barcn 


Historic Peerage. 


George I., 

1714 Bristol, Earl 

Tankerville, Earl 
Aylesford, Earl 
Cobham, Baron 

17115 §Newborough 

(Cholmondeley), Bn. 
$Brodrick, Baron 
\ Perceval, Baron 
SCarbery, Baron 
\ Hamilton of Stack- 

allan, Baron 
\ Newtown-Butler, 

1716 Parker of Maccles- 
field, Baron 
Onslow, Baron 
Romney, Baron 
/St. John (Boling- 
broke & St. J.). 
( Viscount 
\ St. John of Bat- 
V tersea, Baron 
( Portland. Duke 
\ Titchfield, Mq. 
Newburgh (Chol- 
mondeley), Baron 


\ §Philipstown, Bn. 
\ $ Fitzwilliam, E. 
\ \ Milton, Viscount 
j ?Chetwynd, Vt. 
1/1 ' \ ?Rathdown, Baron 
i Stanhope of 
< Mahon, Viscount 
(. Stanhope, Baron 
?Midleton, Vt. 
JBoyne, Viscount 
( \ Hillsborough, Vt. 
J 2 Hill of Kilwarlin, 
( Baron 
\ Southwell, Baron 

1718 Stanhope, Earl 

I SAylmer of Bal- 
I rath, Baron 
Cadogan, Baron 
Cobham, Viscount 

1719 Manchester, Duke 
\ $Grimston, Vt. 

\ (SDunboyne, Baron 
( Falmouth, Vt. 

1720 I Boscawen-Rose, 
( Baron 

( Lymington, Vt. 
\ "Wallop, Baron 
t 5 Barring ton, Vt. 
\ ?Barrington,i?ara/? 
j 'i Gage, Viscount 
( SGage, Baron 
\ \ Tyrone, Viscount 
I SBeresford, Baron 

1721 SBessborough, Bn. 

I Clifton of Bath- 
more, Baron 

\ Byng, Baron 
I Macclesfield, E. 
I Parker, Viscount 
I Graham, Earl 

1722 < Graham of Bel- 
( ford, Baron 
Percy (Atholl), Bn. 


1723 $ Perceval, Viscount 
\ \ Kerry, Earl 
\ \ Clanmaurice, Vt. 
?Duncannon, Vt. 
?Darnley, Viscount 
Walpole of Wal- 

pole, Baron 
< Xing of Ockham. 

1725 \ Baron 

§Darnley, Earl 

George II., 

j $Galway, Vt. 
' £ ' \ SKillard, Baron 
1728 Hobart, Baron 
Monson, Baron 
(SLanesborough, Vt. 
172Q I Waldegrave, E. 

' y \ Chewton, Viscount 
1730 Harrington, Baron 
\ Ashburnham, E. 
\ St. Asaph, Vt. 
1733 I Castle Durrow, Bn. 
SEgmont, Earl 
(SDesart, Baron 
Hardwicke, Baron 
Talbot, Baron 
*735 JBraco, Baron 
1739 ?Bessborough, E. 
1741 Ilchester and 

Strangways, Bn. 
_ ( Harrington, Earl 
/4 ~ j Petersham, Vt. 1 
Fitzwilliam of Mil- 
ton, Baron 
Edgcumbe, Baron 

1743 Portsmouth, Earl 

\ Newport (Roden), 

• Baron 

( ?Powerscourt, 

1744 < Viscount 

\ \ "Wing-field, Baron 

1746 Bruce of Totten- 

ham, Baron 
Forteseue, Baron 
Brooke, Earl 
\ Gower, Earl 
\ Trentham, Vt. 
$Mornington, Bn. 
? Tyrone, Earl 


( Fitzwilliam, E. 
\ Milton, Viscount 

1747 Ilchester, Stavor- 

dale, and Red- 
lynch, Baron 
Leinster, Viscount 
( Folkestone, Vt. 
\ Longford (Rad- 
{ nor), Baron 

1748 ?Carrick, Earl 

1749 PONSONBY (Of 

Sysonby), Baron 
( Northumberland, 
J Earl 

{ "Warkworth, Bn. 

1750 Vere, Baron 
$Knapton, Baron 

* Hertford, Earl 

\ Beauchamp, Vt. 

1751 \ Ashbrook, Vt. 

\ \ Hillsborough, E. 
\ \ Kilwarlin, Vt. 

( ?Fitzmaurice, Vt. 

1751 I SDunkeron, Bn. 

1752 SCarysfort, Baron 
Guilford, Earl 

1753 ?Shelburne, Earl 
\ Pollington, Baron 
I Hardwicke, Earl 
{ Royston, Viscount 

1755 $ Jocelyn, Viscount 
/§ Shannon, Earl 
\ \ Boyle of Bandon, 

I756( Viscount 

\ Castle Martyr, 
\ liar on 

\ Mountmorres, Bn. 
\ Russborough, Bn. 
^Farnham, Baron 
\ Longford, Baron 
Hyde, Baron 
"Walpole of Wolter- 

ton, Barcn 
Ilchester, Earl 
?Lanesborougii, E. 
Newcastle, Duke 
Harwich, Baron 
,_. 8 j ?Sudley, Viscount 
1750 \\ Saunders, Baron 
\ Lisle, Baron 
^Courtown, Baron 
?Annesley, Baron 
UFife, Earl 

1759 \ '((Macduff, Vt. 
"Warwick, Earl 

George III., 

1 760-1820. 

1760 "Wycombe of Chip- 

ping Wycombe, 

Sondes, Baron 
?Headfort, Baron 
\ Russborough, Vt. 
?Mountflorence, Bn. 
SMontEagle of 

W estport, Baron 
( \ Morning ton, E. 
I ?WelIasley, Vt. 

De La "Warr, E. 
1701 ! Cantelupe, Vt. 
i ^Kildare, Marq. 
\ ?Offaly, Earl 
I Spencer, Viscount 
\ Spencer, Baron 
Mount Stuart, Bn. 
Grantham, Baron 
Grosvenor, Baron 
Scarsdale, Bar on 
Boston, Baron 
§"Winterton, Baron 

1762 $Clive (of Plassey), 

?Arran, Earl 
i ?Courtown, Earl 
\ ?Stopford, Vt. 
?Headfort, Viscount 
Pelham, Baron 
Lovel & Holland, 

Vernon of Kinder- 
ton, Baron 

1763 Ducie, Baron 
§Milltown, Earl 

1 Mountmorres, Vt. 

1754 ^Kingston, Baron 

1764 ?Kil worth. Baron 

1765 Camden, Baron 
Digby, Baron 

( Radnor, Earl 
I Pleydell-Bouverie, 
' Baro% 
I Spencer, Earl 
\ Althorp, Viscount 
i766§MountCasheU, Vt. 
\ $Mexborough, E. 
j I Polling-ton, Vt. 

j (S"WlNTERTON, Earl 

( STurnour, Vt. 
land, Duke 
Percy, Earl 
$Bective, Earl 
SGlerawly, Viscount 
?Kingsborough, Vt. 
\ $Clanwilliam, Vt. 
\ ^Gillford, Baron 
i Leinster, Duke 
Sundridge, Baron 
j ?Howth, Earl 
1707 U St. Lawrence, Vt. 

^Mulgrave, Baron 
1768 ^Lifford, Baron 
§Eme, Baron 
?"Westport, Viscount 
\ Kingston, Earl 

1770 \ Arden, Baron 

\ Bangor, Baron 
§ Dawson, Baron 

1771 Apsley, Baron 
\ Sefton, Earl 
?Roden, Earl 
?Altamont, Earl 

1772 Bathurst, Earl 

i Hillsborough, E. 
| Fairford, Viscount 
1776 Hamilton of Hani- 
bleden, Baron 
Brownlow, Baron 
Cardiff, Baron 
Harrowby, Baron 
Hawke, Baron 
Foley, Baron 
Ailesbury, Earl 
Clarendon, Earl 
?Doneraile, Baron 
Cranley, Baron 
QLisburne, Earl 
\ Southwell, Vt. 
(SDe Vesci, Viscount 
§ Clan William, E. 
^Enniskillen, Vt. 
^Gosford, Baron 
?Newborough, Bn. 
?Macdonald, Bn. 
^Kensington, Bn. 
^Westcote, Baron 
?Carlow, Viscount 
?Lucan, Baron 
\ Clif den, Baron 
$Naas, Baron 
^Templetown, Bn. 
\ Massy, Baron 
Mansfield (of 
Notts., 1st Earl- 
dom), Earl 
5Clonmore, Baron 
1780 Dynevor, Baron 
"Walsingham, Bn. 
Bagot, Baron 



1780 Porchester, Baron 
Southampton, Bn. 

1781 $Lifford, Viscount 
\ Conyngham, Bn. 
\ MountCashell, 


$Muskerky, Baron 
§Desart, Viscount 
?Eme, Viscount 
^Belmore, Baron 
\ Sheffield of Duna- 

more, Baron 
\ Bangor, Viscount 
§Clifden, Viscount 
§Mayo, Viscount 
\ Welles, Baron 
Mount Edgcumbe 

and Valletort 


1782 Grantley of Mar 

kenfield, Baron 
Rodney, Baron 
?Hood, Baron 

1783 ?Harberton, Baron 
'{Leitrim, Baron 
\ Donoughmore, Bn 
\ Sheffield of Ros- 
common, Baron 

?Munc aster, Baron 

1784 Lovaine of Alnwick 

Eliot, Baron 
\ Earlsf ort, Baron 
j Abergavenny, E. 
\ Nevill, Viscount 
SoiiERS of Evesham 

Boringdon, Baron 
Uxbridge, Earl 
Berwick, Baron 
Sherborne, Baron 
( Talbot (Shrews- 
J bury & TO, Earl 
(ingestre, Viscount 
i Grosvenor, Earl 
\ Belgrave, Vt. 

SLansdowne, Mq. 
"Wycombe, Earl 
Calne & Calstone, 
(\ Antrim, Earl 

1785 < (new patent) 
UDunluce, Vt. 
'{Gosford, Viscount 
?Doneraii.e, Vt. 
\ Wicklow , Visco un t 
JLoftus, Baron 
'{De Montalt, Baron 
'{Longford, Earl 
{Mayo, Earl 

1786 Stafford (Suther- 

land), Marquess 
{ Camden, Earl 
) Bayham, Viscount 
Hamilton (Aber- 

corn), Viscount 
I Strange, Earl 
s Mmxay of Stan- 
( ley, Baron 
Tyrone, Baron 
Carleton, Baron 
Suffield, Baron 
Townshend, Mq. 

1788 Kenyon of Greding- 
ton, Baron 

Howe, Baron 
Braybrooke, Baron 
Amherst, Bn. (Earl 

Malmesbury, Baron 

1789 ?Annesley, Earl 
?Enniskillen, Earl 
$Erne, Earl 
JCarysfort, Earl 
?Clonmeil, Viscount 
SWaterford, Mq. 
?Downshire, Mq. 
Salisbury, Mq. 
Bath, Marquess 
Mount Edgcumbe, 


i Fortescue, Earl 
\ Ebriiigton, Vt. 
3 Londonderry, Bn. 
$ Auckland, Baron 
'{ KlLMAlNE, Baron 
SCloncurry, Baron 
'{Belmore, Viscount 
'{Conyngham, Vt. 
'{Loftus, Viscount 

1790 §Glentworth, Baron 
'{Clonbrock, Baron 
Fisherwick, Baron 
'{ Oriel, Baron 
JCaledon, Baron 
Verulam, Baron 
Abercorn, Mq. 
Gage, Baron 
Beverley, Earl 

1791 {Harberton, Vt. 
'{Hawarden, Vt. 
j ?Doxegall, Mq. 
\ \ Belfast, Earl 
\ Northland, Vt. 

1792 Thcrlow, Baron 
\ Waterpark, Baron 
Mansfield (of 

Middx., 2nd Earl- 
dom), Earl 
?Oxmantown, Bn. 

1793 Auckland, Baron 
Carnarvon, Earl 
i Hertford, Mq. 
I Yarmouth, Earl 
$Bandon, Baron 
\ Lei trim, Viscount 
I {Desart, Earl 
\ \ Castle Cuff c, Vt. 
\ Wicklow, Earl 
?Clonmell, Earl 
? Castlestuart, Vt. 

1794 5My, Earl 
Bradford, Baron 
Clive of Walcot, 7?//. 
Curzon of Penn, Bn. 
Dundas, Baron 
Lyttelton of Frank- 

ley, Baron 
Men dip, Baron 
Mulgrave, Baron 
Yarborough, Baron 
'{Graves of Graves- 
end, Baron 
{ Bridport, Baron 

1795 Hood, Bn. (Visc.H.) 
5 Somerton, Baron 
JYelverton, Baron 

1795 §Leitrim, Earl 
?Lucan, Earl 

\ Castlereagh, Vt. 
?Bandon, Viscount 
Loughborough, Bn. 
( Bute, 31arquess 

1796 < Windsor, Earl 
(Mount joy, Vt. 
Rous, Baron 
Hood, Viscount 
Stuart of Castle 

Stuart, Baron 
Stewart of 

Garlies, Baron 
Saltersford, Baron 
Brodrick, Baron 
Calthorpe, Baron 
Gwydyr, Baron 
Harewood, Baron 
Cawdor, Baron 
\ Huntingfield,2>k . 
'{ Carrington, Baron 
I Newark, Viscount 
\ Pierrepont, Baron 
\ Londonderry, Earl 
?Rossmore, Baron 

1797 ?Hotham, Baron 
?Cremorne, Baron 
JHeadley, Allan- 
son, and Winn, Bn. 

§Teignmouth, Bn. 
Bolton, Baron 
Carrington, Baron 
Minto, Baron 
I Lowther, Viscount 
I Lowther, Baron 
Lilford, Baron 
Ribblesdale, Baron 
Wodehouse, Baron 
( (JConyngham, Earl 
I jj Mount Charles, 
( Viscount 

(Duncan, Viscount 
Duncan, Baron 
$ Belmore, Earl 
\ Donoughmore, Vt. 
?Ferrard, Visct. 
$Monck, Baron 
'{Norwood, Baron 
$Kilconnel, Baron 
§Caledon, Viscount 
?Crofton, Baron 

1798 JFfrench, Baron 
J '{Kenmare, Vise. 
\ jCastlerosse, Bn. 

! Cumberland and 
$ Armagh, Earl 
Eldon, Baron 
'{ Henley, Baron 
1800 ?Ennismore, Baron 
(i Frankfort, Baron 
{Langford, Baron 
?De Blaquiere, Bn. 


\ Claneboye, Bn. 
SHenniker, Baron 
'{Ventry, Baron 
(SWallscourt, Bn. 
? Dunalley, Baron 
\ Clanmorris, Baron 
'{Radstock, Baron 

1800 {Adare, Baron 

\ {Bandon, Ead 
\ ji Bernard, Viscount 
§Norbury, Baron 
i Cadogan, Earl 
\ Chelsea, Viscount 
'{Gardner, Baron 
^Ashtown, Baron 
?Clarina, Baron 
SHeadfort, Mq. 
?Sligo, Marquess 
?Ely, Marquess 
i Malmesbury, Earl 
\ FitzHarris, Vt. 
iClanricarde, Earl 




'(•Limerick, Vt. 
'{Erris, Baron 
{Somerton, Vt. 
\ Donoughmore, E. 
'{Caledon, Eaul. 
\ '{Ken mare, Earl 
\ '{ Castlerosse, Vt. 

Peerages of U. Kingdom 
and 0/ Ireland 

1801 ?Dunlo, Viscount 
Loftus, Baron 
Carysfort, Baron 
Exeter, Mq. 
Rosslyn, Earl 
?Monck, Viscount 
St. Vincent, Vt. 
Abercromby, Baron 
i Craven, Earl 

\ Uffington, Vt. 

{Onslow, Earl 
Cranley, Viscount 
( Romney, Earl 
\ Marsham, Vt. 
Chichester, Earl 
Grey, Baron 
I Wilton, Earl 
\ Grey de Wilton, 
' Viscount 
Nelson, Baron 

1802 Curzon, Viscount 
Ellenborough, Bn. 
Sandys, Baron 
Arden, Baron 
Sheffield (of 

Sheffield), Baron 
( Melville, Vt. 
I Duneira, Baron 

1803 ^Limerick, Earl 
Botetourt, Baron 

confirmed by pat. 
("Powis, Earl 
J Clive, Viscou?it 
1804/ Powis, Baron 

} Herbert of Chir- 
^ buiy, Baron 

1805 Sidmouth, Viscount 
Barham, Baron 
( Nelson, Earl 
< Merton of Trafal- 
' gar, Viscount 

1806 5 R E N I ) L E S H A M , Bn. 

{Gosford, Earl 
§Rosse, Earl 
§NormantOn, Earl 

1806 Erskixe, Baron 
?Templetown, Vt. 
Ardrossan, Baron 

< Anson, Viscount 
) Soberton, Baron 
MontEagle (of 

Westport), Baron 
Granard, Baron 
Beauchamp, Baron 
Manvers, Earl 
Orford, Earl 
| Grey, Earl 
\ Howick, Viscount 
(SLorton, Viscount 
Ailsa, Baron 
Gardner, Baron 

1807 Lonsdale, Earl 
Manners, Baron 
\ Catheart, Viscount 
\ Greenock, Baron 

1809 Hopetoun, Baron 
I Harrowby, Earl 
I Sandon, Viscount 
j Wellington, Vt. 
\ Douro, Baron 

1810 JKiltarton, Ba> •on 
1812 Wellington,/?.(Feb.) 

Wellington,^/. (Oct.) 
( Northampton,^. 
< Compton, Earl 
( Wilmington, Baron 
I Harewood, Earl 
) Lascelles, Viscount 
I Mulgrave, Earl 
\ Normanby, Vt. 
( Camden, Marquess 
] Brecknock, Earl 
?Castlemaine, 'Bn. 
(SDecies, Baron 
I Minto, Earl 
\ Melgund, Viscount 
1 Wellington, Dulce 
{ Douro, Marquess 
Combermere, Baron 
Niddry, Baron 
Gordon, Viscount 
Exmouth, Baron 
Stewart of Stewart's 

Court, Baron 
Cathcart, Earl 
1815 ANGLESEY.iT/ar^wm 
Trench, Baron 
Meldrum, Baron 
Grinstead, Baron 
Foxford, Baron 
Churchill, Baron 
Harris, Baron 
Granville, Viscount 


I Marquess 
( Eocksavage, Earl 
I Verulam, Earl 
\ Grimston, Viscount 
I Brownlow, Earl 
\ Alford, Viscount 
St. Germans, Earl 
( Morley, Earl 
\ Boringdon, Vt. 
I Bradford, Earl 
\ Newport, Viscount 
I Beauchamp, Earl 
j Elmley, Viscount 
J16 \ Londonderry, Mq. 
( $Ennismore and 
\ Listowel, Vt. 

Historic Peerage. 


816 § Frankfort de 
Montmorency, Vt 
?Gort, Vucount 
Hill of Almarez, 
Baron ( Vt. Hill) 


) \ Mount Charles, 
j Earl 

' ? Slane, Viscount 
( \ Sheffield, Earl 
\ ?Pevensey, Vt. 
\ Mount Earl, Vt. 
De Grey, Earl 
Exmouth, Viscount 

1817 Colchester, Baron 

1818 $ Garvagh, Baron 

1828 Heytesbury, Baron 
Bosebery, Baron 
Clanwilliam, Bn 
Durham, Baron 
Skelmersdale, Bn. 

1829 Wynford, Baron 


George IV., 

1 820- 1 830. 

1821 Hutchinson, Vt. 
j Eldon, Earl 
I Encombe, Viscount 
Howe, Earl 
( Ailesbury, Mq. 
I Bruce, Earl 
{ Savernake, Vt. 
KER(of Kersheugh), 

Minster, Baron 
Ormonde, Baron 
Wemyss, Baron 
Si lch ester, Baron 
Oriel, Baron 
Eavensworth, Bn. 
Delamere, Baron 
Forester, Baron 
Glenlyon, Baron 
( Stradbroke, Earl 
\ Dunwich, Viscount 
Bayleigh, Baron 
822 Temple of Stowe 

I SKilmorey, Earl 

< §Newry &Mourne, 
( Viscount 


< Mount Earl, E. 
' 5 Adare, Viscount 
§|Listowel, Earl 

,8,, j Vane, Earl 

6 \ Seaham, Viscount 
Clancarty, Vt. 

1824 Gifford, Baron 

1825 I Ormonde, Marquess 
?Clanricarde, Mq. 
' Bristol, Marquess 

Jermyn, Earl 
Somerhill, Baron 
Wigan, Baron 
Eanfubly, Baron 
Wharncliffe, Baron 
Feversham, Baron 
Seaford, Baron 
j Amherst, Earl 
{ Holmesdale, Vt. 

1827 Combermere, Vt. 
Goderich, Viscount 
Tenterden, Baron 
Plunket, Baron 
( Cawdor, Earl 
\ Emlyn, Viscount 
\ JNorbury, Earl 
\ iSGlandine, Vt. 

1828 Cowley, Baron 


William IV., 1830-7. 

j § GuiLLAMORE, Vt. 

\ ?0'Grady, Baron 
l § Talbot of Mala- 
< HIDE, Baron 
UMalahide, Baron 
( Munster, Earl 
I FitzClarence, Vt. 
( Tewkesbury, Bn. 
Kilmarnock, Baron 
Fingall, Baron 
Sefton,- Baron 
Clements, Baron 
Ailsa, Marquess 
Burlington, Earl 
Cavendish of 
Keighley, Ban 
Kenlis, Baron 
Chaworth, Baron 
Dunmore, Baron 
Oakley, Baron 
Poltimore, Baron 
Mostyn, Baron 
Templemore, Baron 
Camperdown, Earl 
Westminster, Mq. 
JEanfurly, Earl 
Cloncurry, Baron 
Lichfield, Earl 
De Saumarez, Bn. 
832 Godolphin, Baron 
Stanley of Bicker- 
staffe, Baron 

1833 Sutherland, Duke 
< Durham, Earl 
\ Lambton, Viscount 
Eipon, Earl 
I Granville, Earl 
\ Leveson, Baron 

1834 Denman, Baron 
?Carew, Baron 
Duncannon, Baron 

1835 Abinger, Baron 
DeL'Isle and Dud 

ley, Baron 
/Canterbury, Vt. 
\ Bottesford, Baron 
Ashburton, Baron 
Hatherton, Baron 
Strafford, Baron 


1836 Cottenham, Baron 
Stratheden, Baron 
JOranmore and 

Browne, Baron 

1837 Effingham, Earl 
Portman, Baron 
( Ducie, Earl 
\ Moreton, Baron 
Lovat, Baron 
( Yarborough, Earl 
\ Worsley, Baron 
Bateman, Baron 

Victoria, 183 7-1 901. 

Premier, Vt. Melbourne. 
1837 Innes, Earl 

.o„ n j Leicester, Earl 
° 67 \ Coke, Viscount 
1838 Normanby, Mq. 
( Lovelace, Earl 
\ Ockham, Viscount 
Zetland, Earl 
Kintore, Baron 
Eossmore, Baron 
Carew, Baron 
De Mauley, Baron 
Wrottesley, Bn. 
Sudeley, Baron 
Methuen, Baron 
:839 Stanley of Alder- 
ley, Baron 
Leigh, Baron 
Wenlock, Baron 
Lurgan, Baron 


Brandon, Baron 
Seaton, Baron 
841 Campbell (of St. 
Andrews), Baron 
Oxenfoord, Baron 
( Gainsborough, E. 
I Campden, Viscount 
\ Noel, Baron 
Vivian, Baron 
Congleton, Baron 
Premier, Sir E. Peel. 
1842 Hill, Viscount 

1845 £Dunsandle and 
Clan Conal, Bn. 

1846 Gough, Baron 
Hardinge, Viscount 
j Ellesmere, Earl 
\ Brackley, Viscount 

Preni. y Lord J. Eussell. 
,q _ J Strafford, Earl 
1047 ( Enfield, Viscount 
Acheson, Baron 
Dartrey, Baron 

1848 Eddisbury, Baron 
§Bellew. Baron 

1849 Gough, Viscount 
Elgin, Baron 

1850 Clandeboye, Baron 
Londesborough, Bn. 
I Cottenham, Earl 
\ Crowhurst, Vt. 

1851 De Freyne, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1852 St. Leonards, Bn. 
Eaglan, Baron 

Prem., Vt. Palmerston. 
1856 Aveland, Baron 
Kenmare, Baron 
Belper, Baron 
§Fermoy, Baron 
Talbot de Mala- 
hide, Baron 
Cowley, Earl 
Dangan, Viscount 
Ebury, Baron 
Skene, Baron 
1858 Chesham, Baron 


Premier, Earl of Derby*. 

1858 Chelmsford, Baron 
Churston, Baron 

1859 Leconfield, Baron 
Tredegar, Baron 



i859EgeTtsn of Tatton, 

Winton, Earl 

Prem., Vt. Palmerston. 
1859 Lyveden, Baron 
' Dudley, Earl 
, Ednam, Viscount 
Brougham and 

Vaux, Baron 
Kinnaird, Baron 
Herbert of Lea, Bn. 
Westbury, Baron 
I Russell, Earl 
\ Amberley, Vt. 


!Croji artie, Earl 
Tarbat, Viscount 
Castlehaven and 
MacLeod, Baron 

1863 Annaly, Baron 
Houghton, Baron 

\ Athlumxey, Baron 

1864 Buckhurst, Baron 




Premier, Earl Russell. 

1S66 Romilly, Baron 
Northbrook, Baron 
Halifax, Viscount 
Meredyth, Baron 
Kimberley, Earl 
Kenry, Baron 
Dartrey, Earl 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1866 Monck, Baron 
Hartismere, Baron 
Lytton, Baron 
Hylton, Baron 
Penrhyn, Baron 
Brancepeth, Baron 

1867 Cairns, Baron 

Premier, Ben j. Disraeli. 

1868 Kesteven, Baron 
Ormathwaite, Bn. 
O'Neill, Baron 
Bridport, Viscount 
Napier op Mag- 

dala, Baron 
I Eeversham, Earl 
\ Helmsley, Vt. 
i ?Abercorn, Duke 
\ ^Hamilton, Mq. 
§Rathdonnell, Bn. 

ZVem.,W.E. Gladstone. 

1869 Lawrence, Baron 
Dunning, Baron 
Balinhard, Baron 
Hare, Baron 
Howard of Glos- 

rop, Baron 
Castletown, Baron 
Acton, Baron 
Robartes, Baron 
Wolverton, Baron 
Greville, Baron 

1870 Kildare, Baron 
O'Hagan, Baron 

1871 Sandhurst, Baron 
Burdett - Coutts, 

Ripon, Marquess 

i Dufferin, Earl 
\ Clandeboye, Vt. 

1872 Ettrick, Baron 
Selborne, Baron 

1873 Breadalbane, Baron 
Portman, Viscount 
Somerton, Baron 
AberdarE, Baron 

1874 Moncreiff, Baron 
Coleridge, Baron 
Emly, Baron 
Westminster, Duke 
Cottesloe, Baron 

Premier, B. Disraeli. . 
(Earl of Beaconsfield) 

1874 Hampton, Baron 
connaught and 

Sussex, Earl 

1875 Douglas (of Doug- 

las), Baron 
Ramsay (of Glen 

mark) , Baron 
I Gordon (Rich 
1876] mond & G.),Dk. 
[ Kinrara, Earl 
Fermanagh, Baron 

Lewes, Earl 
Harlech, Baron 
i Wkarncliffe, E. 
{ Carlton, Viscount 
Alington, Baron 


Gerard, Baron 
( Northbrook, E. 
I Baring, Viscount 
Sackville, Baron 
1878 Norton, Baron 

Cranbrook, Viscount 
{ Cairns, Earl 
\ Garmoyle, Vt. 
1880 Shute, Baron 
Bolsover, Baron 
{ Lytton, Earl 
) Knebworth, Vt. 
Haldon, Baron 
Wimborne, Baron 
Ardilaun, Baron 
Lathom, Earl 
Lamington, Baron 
( Sondes, Earl 
\ Throwley, Vt. 
Donington, Baron 
Trevor, Baron 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 
1880 Brabourne, Baron 
ji88i Ampthill, Baron 
( Albany, Duke 
I Clarence, Earl 
( Arklow, Baron 
Tweeddale, Baron 
HOWTH, Baron 
Reay, Baron 
Derwent, Baron 
Hothfield, Baron 
Tweedsiouth, Bn. 
1882 Wolseley, Baron 
oo j Selborne, Earl 

3 ( Wolmer, Viscount 
1884 Tennyson, Baron 
Hampden, Viscount 

1884 Strathspey-, Baron 
Monk Bretton, Bn. 


Sudley, Bn. (E. of 

Herries, Baron 

1885 Powerscourt, Bn. 


Rothschild, Baron 
Revelstoke, Baron 
Monks well, Baron 
J Breadalbane, Mq. 
\ Ormelie, Earl 
Fife, Earl 

Prem., M. of Salisbury", 

1885 Halsbury, Baron 

{ Iddesleigh, Earl 
\ St. Cyres, Viscount 
Ashbourne, Baron 
St. Oswald, Baron 
Esher, Baron 
Wolseley', Vt. 
Deramore, Baron 
Montagu of Beau- 
lieu, Baron 
Elphinstone, Bn. 
Colville of Cul 
ross, Baron 

1886 Hillingdon, Baron 
Hindlip, Baron 
Grimthorpe, Baron 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 
1886 Herschell, Bn. (in 
precedence before 
Bn. Hillingdon) 
Stalbridge, Baron 
Kensington, Bn. 
Burton, Bn. (orig.) 
Hamilton of Dal- 

zell, Baron 
Brassey-, Baron 
Thring, Baron 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1886 Cross, Viscount 
Stanley of Preston, 


1887 Macnaghten, 
Baron (life) 


Raincliffe, Viscount 
Bowes, Baron 
Monckton, Baron 
St. Levan, Baron 

Basing, Baron 
De Ramsey, Baron 
Cheyxesmore, Bn. 
Addington, Baron 

1888 Knutsford, Baron 
Savile, Baron 

( Dufferin & Ava, 
< 3Tarquess 
\ Ava, Earl 
, Qfin S Eife, Duke 

\ Macduff, Marquess 

1890 Field, Baron 

1891 Iveagh, Baron 

1891 Mount Stephen, Bn. 
Masham, Baron 
Macdonald of 

Hambleden, Vctss. 

1892 Roberts of Kanda- 

har, Baron 
Kelvin, Baron 
Argy'll, Duke 
{ York, Duke 
< Inverness, Earl 
( Killarney, Baron 
Cromer, Baron 
( Cranbrook, Earl 
I Medway, Baron 
Ancaster, Earl 
Askcombe, Baron 
Blythswood, Bn. 
Crawshaw, Baron 
Amherst of Hack- 
ney, Baron 

Newton, Baron 
Dunleath, Baron 
Llangattock, Bn. 
{ Zetland, Mq. 
\ Ronaldshay, Earl 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 

1892 Playfair, Baron 
Battersea, Baron 

1893 Swansea, Baron 
Farrer, Baron 
Overtoun, Baron 
Hawkesbury, Bn. 
Stanmore, Baron 

1894 Rendel, Baron 
Welby', Baron 

Prem., EarlofRosebery 

1894 Davey, Baron (life) 

1895 Peel, Viscount 
t Carrington, Earl 
\ Wendover, Vt. 
Crewe, Earl 
Loch, Baron 
"Wandsworth, Bn. 
Ashton, Baron 


Historic Peerage — Peerages Extinct. 


1897 Burton, Baron 
(new patent) 
1808 \ Halsbuet, Earl 
y j Tiverton, Viscount 
Newlands, Baron 
Farquhar, Baron 
Muncaster, Baron 
Haliburton, Baron 
SCurzon ofKedle- 

STON, Baron 
Kitchener of 
Khartoum, Baron 
1899 Cromer, Vise. 
Currie, Baron 
Gtlanusk, Baron 
Brampton, Baron 
1899 Cran worth Baron, 

1899 Dorchester, Bnss. 

(new creation) 
Robertson, Bn (life) 

1900 Northcote, Baron 
Ave bury, Baron 

Fife, Duke (new 

Macduff, Earl 
Lindley, Bn. (life) 
Killanin, Bn. 
O'Brien, Baron 
Alverstone, Baron 
Stratiicona & Mt. 
Royal, Bn. (new 
1900 Goschen, Viscount 
I Ridley, Vise. 
\ Wensleydale, Bn. 

.... ("Roberts, Earl 
1901 1 St. Pierre, Vise. 

Edward VII., 1901. 

1901 i Wales, Prince 
I Chester, Earl 
J Cromer, Earl 
\Errington, Vise. 
Milner, Baron 

1902 Kitchener of 

Khartoum, Vise. 
Colville of 

Culross, Vise. 
1902 Churchill, Vise. 
Milner. Vise. 
Kinross, Baron 
Allerton, Baron 

1902 Barrymore, Baron 
Grenfell, Baron 
Knoll ys, Baron 
Redesdale, Baron 
Linlithgow, Ma. 

Prem., A. J. Balfour. 

1903 Burnham, Baron 
Biddulph, Baron 
Estcourt, Baron 
Armstrong, Baron 

1905 Dunedin, Baron 
Selby, Visct. 
Plymouth, Earl 
( nVtset.) 
(A. J. Forbes-Keith 
a Bn.) 


*#* The mark f denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish; * or unmarked, Imperial: ab., abeyant; dm., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Life Baronies see under " Life Peers." 
—Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind 
advice of Mr. Cokayne, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing idea that the name is 
Guelph he dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Christian name of a mediaeval Duke of Bavaria 
whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of Este, and it is from that couple that the Hanoverian line are 
descended. Hence D'Este (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his children) comes nearer to a correct name 
than the above, whilst Guelph d'Este has been supplied us by another authority. But neither of these names 
can hold good any later than the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and descended 
from the ancient Counts of Wettin, which has changed the present line to that of " Saxony " or " Saxe-Goburg," 
and presumably made Wettin its surname if it possesses one at all— both that word and D'Este being really local 

To save overcrowding, we have removed from the list the following titles every one of which is simply a different 
degree of another, of the same designation and house, which still exists : Auckland Eldm. ; Bantky Eldm. ; 
(Jastlemaine Vcty. ; Charlemont Eldm. ; De VESci*Bny. ; Digby E'.dm. ; Duogheda Mqte. ; Ellenborough Eldm. ; 
Falmouth Eldm. ; Farnham Eldm. : Fife Bny. ; Hill Bny. ; Kingston Bny. ; Lauderdale Bny. ; Mountnorris 
Eldm. ; O'Neill §Vcty. & *Eldm. ; Ravens worth Eldm. 
Airey Bny. (Airey) x 1876-81. 

Alcester Bny. (Seymour), 1882-95. 
?Aldborougii Eldm. (Stratford), 1777-1875. 
5 Allen "Vcty. (Allen), 1717-1845. 

Alvanley Bny. (Arden), 1801-57. 

Amesbury Bny. (Dundas), 1832 only. 

Armstrong Bny. (Armstrong), 1887-1900. [Re- 
vived 1903.] 

Ashburton Bny. (Dunning), 1782-1823. 

Aston Bny. (Aston), 1627-1845. 
?Athlone Eldm. (Ginkel), 1692-1844. 

AvDiEYBny. (Thicknesse- Touchet), 1313-1872(00.). 

Barnewall Vcty. (Barnewall), 1646-1833 (dm.). 

Barrogill Bny. (Sinclair), 1866-89. 
\ Barrymore Eldm. (Barry), 1628-1824. [Revived 

Bavning Bny. (Powlett), 1797-1866. 

Beaconsfield (pron. Beek-) Eldm. (Disraeli, 
pron. Dizrayly), 1876-81. (Pronunciations as 
corrected by Mr. C. Disraeli, M.P.) 

Beaconsfield Vcty. (Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 

Beresford Vcty. (Beresford), 1823-54. 

Bexley Bny. (Vansittart), 1823-51. 

Blachford Bny. (Bogers), 1871-89. 
+Blantyre Bny. (Stuart), 1606-1900. 
?Blayney Bny. (Blayney), 1621-1874 (dm.). 
?Blessington Eldm. (Gardiner), 1816-29. 

Bloomfield Bny. (Bloomfield), 51825 (*i87i) -79. 

Bourchier Bny. (Townshend), 1342-1855 (dm.) 

Bramwell Bny. (Bramwell), 1882-92. 
\ Brandon Bny. (Crosbie), 1776-1832. 

Breadalbane Mqte., 1st cr. (Campbell), 1831-62. 

Bridgewater Eldm. (Egerton), 1617-1829. 

Broughton Bny. (Hobhouse), 1851-69. 

Buckingham and Chandos Dkdm. (Temple-N.- 
B.-C.-Grenville), 1822-89. 
QBulkeley Vcty. (Bulkeley), 1643 (*Bnv. 1874) - 1822. 
SCaher Bny. (Butler), 1583-1858 (dm.). 

Cambridge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 
Culloden Bny. (Roy. Fam.), 1801-1904. 

St. Vincest Eldm. • Somers Eldm. ; Westm;:ath Mqte. 
Canning Eldm. (Canning), 1859 (Vcty. 1828) -62. 
Cardwell Vcty. (Cardwell), 1874-86. 
§Carhampton Eldm. (Luttrell), 1785-1829. 
Carleton Vcty. (Carleton), 1797-1825. 
Carlingford Bny. ( Parkin son- For tescue), 1874-98. 
Carteret Bny. (Thynne), 1784-1849. 
Castlecoote Bny. (Coote), 1800-27. 
Charleville Eldm. (Bury), 1806-75. 
Chatham Eldm. (Pitt), 1766-1833. 
Clanbrassil Bny. (Jocelyn), 1821-97. 
Clare ?Eldm. (FitzGibbon), 1795 (*Bny. 1799) 

Clarence and Avondale Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 

Clarence and St. Andrews Dkdm., and ?Mun- 
ster Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1789-1837. 
?Clermont Eldm. (Fortescue), 1778-1829; *Bny. 

$ Do. Bny. (Parkinson- Fortescue), 1852-98. 

Cleveland Dkdm. (Powlett), 1833-91. 

Clyde Bny. (Campbell), 1858-63. 

Colborne Bny. (Ridley- Colborne), 1839-54. 
?Coleraine Bny. (Hanger), 1762-1824. 

CoLONSAYBny. (M'Neill), 1867-74. 

Compton Bny. (Townshend), 1572-1855 (ab.). 

Connemara Bny. (Bourke), 1887-1902. 

Cornwallis Mqte. (Cornwallis), 1792- 1823; Eldm. 

Cowper Eldm. (Cowper), 1718-1905 (Lucas and 

+ Dingwall Bnies. remain). 
+Cranstoun Bny. (Cranstoun), 1609-1869. 

Cran worth Bny., older cr. (Rolfe), 1850-68. 

Crewe Bny. (Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 
Eldm. 1895.] 

Dalling and Bulwer Bny. (Bulwer), 1871-2. 

Dawnay Bny. (Dawnay), 1796-1832. 

De Dunstanville Bny. (Basset), 1796-1835. 

De Freyne Bny. older cr. (French), 1839-56. 

DeMontalt Eldm. (Maude), 1886-1905 (jj Ha war- 
den Vcty. remains) . 

4 6 



De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826-95. 

Dinorben Bny. {Hughes), 1831-52. 

Dorchester Bny. older cr. (Carleton), 1786-1897. 

Dorset Dkdm. (Sackville), 1720-1843. 

Douglas of Douglas Bny. {Douglas), 1790-1857. 

Dover Bny. {Agar -Ellis), 1831-99. [Clifden.] 
?Downes Bny. [Burgh), 1822-64. 
? Do. Do. (De Burgh), 1822-63. 

Dudley Eldm., older cr. ( Ward), 1827-33. 
tDuFFUS Bny. (Sutherland- Dunbar), 1650-1876 
(under attainder 1715-1826). 

Dunfermline Bny. (Abercomby), 1839-68. 
?Dungannon Vcty. (Hill- Trevor), 1765-1862. 
SEardley Bny. (Eardley), 1789-1824. 

Edinburgh Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1900. 

Egremont Eldm. ( Wyndham), 1749-1845. 

Elphinstone Bny. (Elf Must one), 1859-60. [Re- 
vived 1885 ; tBny. remains.] 

Ennishowen and Carrickfergus 
(Chichester), 1841-83. [Donegall.] 

Eversley Vcty. (Shatv-Lefevre), 1857-88. 

Farnborough Bny. (Long), 1826-38. 
Do. Do. ( May), 1886 only. 

Ferrers of Chartley Bny. (Townshend), 1299- 
1855 (dm.). 

FitzGerald andVeseyBuv. ( Vesey-FitzGerald), 
? FitzGerald 1826-60, *Vesey 1835-43. 

Fitzhardinge Eldm. (Berkeley), 1841-57. [An 
offshoot from Berkeley Eldm.] 

Fitzwalter Bny. (Bridges), 1868-75. 

Furnival Bny. ( Talbot), 1839-49. 

Gambier Bny. ( Gambier), 1807-33. 

Gardner Bny. (Gardner), 1806 (?i8oo)-83 (dm.). 

Glastonbury Bny. (Grenville), 1793-1826. 
$Glenbervie Bny. (Douglas), 1800-23. 

Glenelg Bny. ( Grant), 1835-66. 
$Glengall Eldm. (Butler), 1816-58. 

Gloucester and Edinburgh Dkdm. and § Con- 
naught Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1764-1834. 
+Gordon Dkdm. (Gordon), older cr. 1684-1836. 

Grenville Bny. (Grenville), 1790-1834. 

Grey de Radcliffe Bny. (Egerton), 1875-85. 

Hamilton Bny. (Hamilton), 1831-68. [Belhaven.] 

Hammond Bny. (Hammond,), 1874-90. 

Hampden Vcty., older cr. (Trevor), 1776-1824. 

Hanmer Bny. (Hanmer), 1872-81. 

Harborough Eldm. (Sherard), 1719-1859. 

Harcourt Eldm. (Harcourt), 1749-1830. 
?Hartland Bny. (Mahon), 1800-45. 

Hastings Mqte. (Rawdon- Hastings), 1816-68. 

Hatherley Bny. (Page- Wood), 1868-81. 

Hobhouse Bny. (Holjhouse), 1885-1904. 

Holland Bny. (Fox), 1763-1859. 

Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hood), 1892-1901. 

Howden Bny. ( Caradoc), 1831 ({ l8ig)-73. 

Hunsdon Bny. (Cary), 1830-84. 

Hutchinson (Bny. (Hutchinson), 1801-32. 

Inverness Dkdm. (Underwood), 1840-73. 

Keane Bny. (Keanc), 1839-1901. [1867. 

Keith Vcty. (Elphinstone), 1814-23 ; \ Bny., 1797- 

Kelhead Bny. (Douglas), 1893-4. 
tKiCNMURE Vcty. (Gordon), 1633-1847 (dm.). 

Kent and Strathearn Dkdm. and § Dublin 

Eldm. (Roy. Fam), 1799-1820. 
^Kilkenny Eldm. (Butler), 1793-1846. 

KiLWARDENVcty. (Wolfe), 1800-30. 

Kingsdown Bny. (Leigh). 1858-67. 
■(■Kirkcudbright Bny. (M'Clellan), 1633-1832. 

Knightley Bny. (Kniqhtley), 1892-5. 

Lake Vcty. (Lake), 1807-48. 
?Landaff Eldm. (Mathew), 1797-1833 (dm.). 

Lanerton Bny. (Howard), 1873-80. 

Langdale Bny. (Bickersteth), 1836-51. 

Leicester Eldm., one of the older creations 
(Townshend), 1784-1855. 

Leighton Bny. (Leighton), 1896 only. 

Lingen Bny. (Lingen), 1885-1905. 

Lisgar Bny. ( Young), 1870-6. 
I Lismore Vcty. ( 0' Callaghan),i8o6 (*Bny.i838) -98. 

Liverpool Eldm. (Jenkinson), 1796-1851. 

Llanover Bny. (Hall), 1859-67. 
? Ludlow Eldm. (Ludlow), 1831 (Bny. ? 1755, 

* 1831 )-42. 
$Lyndhurst Bny. ( Copley), 1817-63. 

Lynedoch Bny. (Graham), 1814-43. 

Lyons Vcty. (Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i8s6)-87. 

Macaulay Bny. (Macaulay), 1857-9. 

Malcolm of Poltalloch Bny. (Malcolm), 1896- 

Marjoribanks Bny. (Robertson), 1873 only. 
\ Maryborough Bny. ( Pole - T. - L. - Wellesley), 

Maynard Vcty. ( Maynard), i766($Bny. i62o)-i865. 
\ Melbourne Vcty. (Lamb), 1781 (*Bny. i8i5)-i853. 
Melrose Bny. [Hamilton), 1827-58. 
Metcalfe Bny. (Metcalfe), 1845-6. 
Milford Bny. (Philipps), 1776-1823; 2nd cr. 
1 847-57- 

SMilltown Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-1891 (dm.). 

Montagu Bny. (Montagu), 1770-1845. 

Montford Bny. (Bromley), 1741-1851. 
*Moore, Bny. (Moore), 1801-1902. [Drogheda.] 
\ Mount Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1800-46. 

Mount Temple Bny. (Cowper-Temple), 1880-8. 
?Netterville Vcty. (Netterville), 1622-1882. 
IjNewcomen Vcty. (Newcomen), 1803-25. 

North wick Bny. (Rushout), 1797-1887. 

Nugent Bny. (Nugent), 1800-50. 

Ongley Bny. (Henley- Ongley), 1770-1877. 
^Ormonde Mqte. (Butler), 1816 (*Butler Bny. 

1801) -20. [Revived 1825; *Bny. 1821.] 
Ossington Vcty. (Denison), 1872-3. 
Overstone Bny. (Loyd), 1850-83. 
Oxenbridge Vcty. (Monson), 1886-98. 
Oxford Eldm. (Harley), 1711-1853. 

?Palmerston Vcty. (Temple), 1722-1865. 
Panmure Bny. (Maule-Ramsay), 1831-74. 
Pauncefote Bny. (Pauncefote, 1899-1902. 
Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 
Pirbright Bny. (De Worms), 1895-1903. 
Plymouth Eldm. ( Windsor), 1682-1843. [Revd. 

Pomfret Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 

PoNSONB\-(of Imokilly) Bny. (Ponsonby), i8o6-65. 
tPoRTMORE Eldm. (Colyear), 1703-1835. 

Prudhoe Bny. (Percy), 1816-65. 
§Rancliffe Bny. (Parkyns), 1795-1850. 
?Ranelagh Vcty. (Jones), 1628-1885. 
^Rathdowne Eldm. (Moiick), 1822-48. 

Redesdale Eldm. (Freeman-Mitford), 1877 (Bny. 

1802) -86. [Revived 1902.] 

Rivers Bny. (Pitt), 1776-1828; Do. (Pitt Rivers), 
SRiversdale Bny. (Tonson), 1783-1861. [1802-80 

Rochford Eldm. (Nassau), 1695-1830. 
SRokeby Bny. (Montagu-Robinson), 1777-1883. 

Rolle Bny. (Rolle), 1796-1842. 

Rookwood Bny. (Sehvin-Ibbetson), 1892-1902. 
^Roscommon Eldm. (Dillon), 1622-1850. 

Ross Bny. (Boyle), 1815-90. 

Rossie Bny. (Kinnaird), 1831-78. 

Rowton Bny. (Lowry-Corry), 1880-1903. 
5 St. Helens Bny. (Fitz Herbert), 1791 (*i8oi)-i839. 

St. Helier Bny. (Jeune), 1905 (3 mos.). 

St. Maur Eldm. (St. Maur), 1863-85. 

Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1891-3. 
+Selkirk Eldm. (Douglas), i646-i8S5(dm.) 

Selsey Bny. (Selsey), 1794-1838. 

Shand Bny. (Shand) 1892-1904. 

Sherbrooke Vcty. (Lowe), 1880-92. 

Solway Bny. (Douglas), 1831-7. 

Peerages Extinct — The Privy Council. 47 

+SOMEEVILLE Bny. (Somerville), 1430-1870 (dm.). 
Stawel Bny. (Legge), 1760-1820. 
Stowell Bny. (Scott), 1821-36. 
Strangford Vcty. (Smythe), 1628 (*Penshttest 

Bny. 1825) -1869. 
Stratford de Eedcliffe Vctv. (Canning), 1852- 


Steathnaien Bny. (Rose), 1866-85. 
Strathspey Bny. (Ogilvie- Grant), 1858-84. 
Stuart de DEciEsBny. (Villiers-Stuart), 1830-74 

Stuaet de Rothesay Bny. (Stuart), 1828-45. 

Sussex Dkdm. and Inverness Eldm. (Roy. 
Fam.), 1801-34. 
■ Sydenham Bny. (Thomson), 1840-1. 

Sydney Eldm. (Townshend) , 1874 (Bny. 1783)-go. 

Tadcaster Bny. ( O'Brien), 1826-46. 
BTara Bny. (Preston), 1800-21. 

Taunton Bny. (Labouchere) , 1859-69 

Thanet Eldm. (Tufton), 1628-1849. 
?Thomond Mqte. (O'Brien), 1800 (*Bny. 180O-55. 

+Teaquair Eldm. (Stuart), 1683-1861 (dm.). 

Teueo Bny. ( Wilde), 1850-99. 
?Tyeawley Bny. (Cuff), 1797-1821. 
?Tyrconnell Eldm. (Carpenter), 1761-1853. 

Wallace Bny. ( Wallace), 1828-44. 

Wantage Bny. (Loyd-Lindsay), 1885-1901. 

Waerington Eldm. (Grey), 1769-1883. 

Waveney Bny. (Adair), 1873-86. 
2Wellesley Mqte. (Wellesley), 1799-1842. 

Wenlogk Bny. (Lawley), 1831-2. [Revived 1839.] 

Wenman Bny. ( Wykeham), 1834-70. 

Wensleydale Bny. ( Parke), 1856-68. [Revived 

Western Bny. ( Western), 1833-44. 
Whitwoeth Eldm. (Whitworth), 1815 (§Bny. 

Winmarleigh Bny. (Wilson- Patten), 1874-92. 

York and Albany Dkdm. and \ Ulster Eldm. 
(Roy. Fam.), 1784-1827. TYork revived 1892, 
Albany 1881, *Ulster 1866-1900.] 


This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its 
proceedings, however, are not published, and, except in the rare instances of a general 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an honourable sinecure, A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign's will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. The number, 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are some 250 in 
the Council of Great Britain and 60 in that of Ireland (but 18 of these are members 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of "Rt. 
Hon." The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined 
j as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates in Council, to propose 
' matters from the Sovereign," and report the issue. The Sovereign with its advice 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but 
only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments in the law. The 
former judicial functions of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the 
Colonial Judges have been recently added to this Committee. 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ireland, though Scotland is content to 
participate in the larger and more important one, the former being concerned solely with 
Irish affairs. The members of both Councils range down from the first Prince of the 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of " Right 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their 
position as Councillors except by the added letters " P. C; " and " Right Honourable" 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of "Most Honourable " or "His Grace." 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged in accordance 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to familiarise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members, Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England, then two of Scotland (Buccleuch and Argyll, 
whose older title is Scottish), next two of Great Britain (Portland and Northumberland), 
and then one of the United Kingdom (Fife). The Marquesses follow on the same system. 
Next come the Earls, headed by two Household officials, and followed by younger sons 
of Dukes ; next the Viscounts, with an Earl's eldest son ; the Marquesses' younger sons ; 
the Bishop of London {ex officio, as are the Archbishops) ; the Barons ; the Speaker ; 
Secretaries of State who are commoners, amongst whom is one Viscount's eldest son ; 

4 8 


Earls' younger sons ; and now the Table of Precedency reaches the grade of the Privy 
Council itself, from which point all distinctions are disregarded — Baronets, Knights, 
and lay members — and the names proceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while 
recognising the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for 
practical use a list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of entry 
the member belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an /. denotes that of Ireland ; 
and G. B. & I. marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official 
list the members are termed Privy Counselors, which is correct in view of the wise 
counsel they are supposed to give ; out they are equally Councilors as being members of 
a Council. The Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 

Lord President of the Council, The Marquess of Londonderry, e.g., g.c.v.o. 
President of Irish Council, H.E. The Lord Lieutenant, Earl of Dudley, g.m.p, 
Senior Member, The Duke of Rutland, e.g. 
L 1887 

io ; I. 1891 

1 goo 


...I. 1903 
.. L 1897 


G.B. 1885 

Abercorn, Duke of, k.g. 
Aberdeen, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 
Acland, Arthur H. Dyke 
A Her ton, Lord. . . . G. B. 18 
Alverstone, Lord, g.c.m.g. 

Ancaster, Earl of 

Andrews, Thomas 

Andrews, William D 

Argyll, Duke of, k.t 

Ashbourne, Lord ..1. 1877 

Ashcombe, Lord 1880 

Ashley, Hon. Evelyn M 1891 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., k.c 1892 

Atkinson John, k.c 1. 1892 

Avebury, Lord 1890 

Balfour, Arthur J., G. B. 1885 ; I. 18S7 
Balfour, Gerald W., I.1895 : G.B. 1900 
Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, k.t. . 1892 
Baunerman (Campbell-), Sir Hy., 

g.c.b G.B. 1884 ; I. 1885 

Barnes, Sir Jno. Gorell 1905 

Barrymore, Lord I. 1896 

Barton, Hon. Sir Edmund, k.c , 


Beach (Hicks-), Sir Michael E., 

Bt G.B. & I. 1874 

Belmore, Earl of I. 1867 

Belper, Lord 1895 

Bertie, Hon. Sir Fras. L, k.c b. 1903 
Bond, Hon. Sir Robt., k.c.m.g. . . 1902 

Bonser, Sir Jno. W 1901 

Booth, Charles 1904 

Brackenbury, Gen. Sir Henry, 


Brampton, Lord 1899 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g. .... 1880 
Brodrick, Hon. AVm. St. John F. 1897 

Brownlow, Earl 1887 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford 1904 

Bruce, Sir Henry H„ Bt I. 1889 

Bruen, Henry I. 1880 

Bryce, J ames 1892 

Bucclcuch, Duks of, k.g., k.t. .. 1901 
Buller, Gen. Sir Redvers H., 

g.c.b 1. 1887 

Burghclere, Lord 1892 

Cadogan, Earl, k.g 

Campbell, Jas. Alex 

Canterbury, Archbp. of 

Carrington, Earl, g.c.m.g 

Carson, Sir Edwd. II., k.c I. 

Cartwright, Sir Richard J., 


Cassel, Sir Ernest, k.c.m.g 

Cawdor, Earl 

Chamberlain, Joseph 

Chamberlain, J. Austen 1902 

Chaplin, Henry 1835 

1 Charles, Sir Arthur 1903 

j Chatterton, Hedges E I. 1867 

Chesham, Lord, k.c.b 1901 

I Chesterfield, Earl of 1894 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 1901 

'. Christian, H.R.H. Prince, k.g. 1894 

j Clarendon, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Cloabrock, Lord, k.p I. 1898 

Cohen, Arthur, k.c 1905 

Collings, Jesse 1892 

Collins, Sir Richd. Henn 1897 

Colomb, Sir James, k.c.m.g. ..I. 1903 
Connaught, H.B.H. Duke of 

G.B. 1871 ; I. 1900 
Cork & Orrery, Earl of, k.p. . . 1866 

Couch, Sir Richd 187s 

Courtney, Leonard H 1889 

Coventry, Earl of 1877 

Cranbrook, Earl of, g.c.s.i 1866 

Crewe, Earl of 1892 

Cromer, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Cross, Vis3., g.c.b 1874 

Crossley, Sir Savile B., Bt 1902 

Currie, Lord, g.c.b 1894 

Curzon of Eedleston, Lord, 

G.M.s.i 1895 

Darley, Sir F. M„ g.c.m.g 1905 

Dartmouth, Earl of 1885 

Davey, Lord 1893 

Day, Sir Jno. Chas 1902 

Derby, Earl of, k.g 1878 

De Villiers,Hon.Sir J ohn Henry, 

k.c.m.g 1897 

Devonshire, D. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1866 ; I. 1871 

Dickson, Chas. Scott, k.c 1903 

Dickson, Thos. A I. 1893 

Dilke, Sir Chas. W., Bt 1882 

Dimsdale, Sir Joseph C, Bt., 



Dixon, Sit Danl., Bt I. 1902 

Dorington, Sir Jno., Bt 1902 

Douglas (Akers-), Aretas 

Ducie, Earl of 1859 

Dudley, Earl of, g.m.p 1902 

Duff (Grant-), Sir Mountstuart 

E., g.c.s.i. . i83o 

Dunedin, Lord 1896 

Dunravcn & Mount Earl, Earl 

of . k p I. 1899 

Durand.Sir H.Mortimer.c.c.M.G. 1901 
Dyke, Sir William Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880; I. 1885 
Edwards, Lt.-Col. Sir Fleetwood 

Isham, g.c.v.o 1895 

Egerton, Sir Edwin Hy., g.c.m.g. 1904 
Elgin & Eincardine, E. of, k.g. 1886 
Elliot, Hon.Sir Henry G., g.c.b. 1867 
Erne, Earl of, k.p 1902 

Falkiner, Sir Fredk. R,, k.c.T. 
Fane (Ponsonby-), Hon. Sir 

Spencer C. B., g.c.b 

Fellowes, Hon. Ailwyn Edwd . . 
Fergusson, Sir Jas., Bt., g.c.s.i. 

Field, Lord 

Fife, Duke of, k.t 

Finch, Geo. Hy 

Fingall, Earl of I. 

Finlay, Sir R. B., g.c.m.g., k.c. 
FitzGibbon, Gerald. . 1. 1879; G.B. 
Fletcher (Aubrey-), Sir Henry, 

Bt., c.b 

Foljambe, Fras. J. Savile 

Forrest, Hon. Sir John, g.c.m.g. 

Forster (Arnold-), Hugh D 

Fowler, Sir Henry H., g.c.s.i. .. 

Fry, Sir Edward 

Fry, Lewis 

Gibson, John G I. 

Gladstone, Herbert J 

Goldie, Sir George D. T., k.c.m.g. 

Gorst, Sir John E., k.c 

Goschen, Vise 

Goschen, Sir Wm. Edwd., 

G. C.V. o 

Grenfell, Lord, g.c.b 

Grey, Sir Edwd., Bt 

Griffith, Hon. Sir Samuel W., 


Haldane, Richd. B 

Ilalsbury. Earl of (Ld. Chanc.) 

Halsey, Thos. Fredk 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 

Hardinge, Hon. Sir Chas. H. 


Hardy (Cozens ), Sir Herb. II.. . 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 

Hay (Dalrympie-), Adm. Sir 

Jno. C, Bt., g.c.b 

Hayter, Sir Arthur D., Bt 

Hemphill, Chas. Hare, k.c. ..I. 

Heneage, Lord 

Hertford, Marq. of 

Hibb?rt, Sir Jno. T., k.c.b 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Hon. Sir Albt. 

H. , k.c.m.g 

Hobhouse, Henry 

Hogg, Jonathan I. 

Holmes, Hugh I. 

Hood (F. -Acland-), Sir Alex., Bt. 

Huutly, Marq. of 

Chester, Earl of 

James of Hereford, Lord 

Jeffreys, Arth. F 

Jersey, Earl of, g.c.b 

Johnson, Wm. Moore I. 


The Privy Council — The Baronetage. 


Kelvin, Lord, c.c.v.o., f.k.s 1902 

Kennaway, Sir John H., Bt. ... 1897 

Kenny, Wm. (Justice) T. 1902 

Kenrick, William 1899 

Kingston, Hon. Charles C, k.c. 1897 

Kintore, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1886 

Knox, Sir Ralph II., k.c.b 1903 

Knutsford, Vise, g.c.m.g 1885 

Lansdowne, Marq. of, k.g 1895 

Lascelles, Sir Frank C. , g. c. b. . . 1894 
Laurier, Hon. Sir Wilfrid, k.c, 

g.c.m.g 1C97 

Lefevre (Shaw-), Geo. J 1880 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 1891 

Leven and Melville, Earl of 1902 

Lindley, Lord 1881 

Linlithgow, Marq. of, k.t 1895 

Lister, Lord, f.r.s 1902 

Llandaff, Vise 1886 

London, Bishop of 1901 

Londonderry, Marq. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1886 ; I. 1892 
Long, Walter H... G.B. 1895; I. 1905 

Lopes, Sir L. Massey, Bt 1885 

Lowther, Jas. Wm 1898 

Lyall, Sir Alfred, g.c.i.e 1902 

Lyttelton, Hon. Alfred, k.c 1903 

Macartney, Wm. O. E 1900 

Macdonald, Sir John H. A., k.c.b. 1883 
MaeDonnell, Sir Antony P„ 

g.c.s.i G.B. 1902; I. 1903 

Macnaghten, Lord 1887 

Madden, Dodgson H I. 1889 

Malet, Sir Edwd. B., Bt., g.c.b. 1885 

Mansfield, Earl of 1905 

Marlborough, Duke of 1899 

Mathew, Sir Jas. C 1901 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E., Bt 1897 

Mayo, Earl of I. 1900 

Meath, Earl of I. 1887 

Mellor, Jno. Wm., k.c 1886 

Milner, Vise, g.c.b 1901 

Milner, Sir Frederick G., Bt. . . 1900 

Minto, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1902 

Monson,Hon.SirE.J.,Bt.,G.c.B. 1893 

Morley, Arnold 1892 

Morley, John G.B. & I. 1886 

Mount Edgoumbe, Earl of, 

g.c.v.o 1879 

Nelson, Hon. Sir Hugh M., 

K.C.M.G 1897 

Nicolson, Sir Arthur, Bt., k.c.b. 1905 

Norfolk, Duke of, k.g 1893 

North, Sir Ford 1900 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 1874 

O'Brien, Lord .. I: i838 

O'Conor, Sir Nicholas R., c.c.b. 1896 
O'Conor Don,The(C.O.O'Conor)I. 1881 

Onslow, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1903 

Ormonde, Marq. of, k.p I. 1902 

Otway, Sir Arthur J., Bt 1885 

Paget, Sir Richd. H., Bt 1895 

Palles, Christopher. .1. 1872; G.B. 1892 

Pearson (Ld.), Sir Chas. J 1891 

Peel, Vise 1884 

Peel, Sir Fredk., k.c.m.g 1857 

Pembroke & Montgomery, E. of, 

G.c.v.o 1893 

Pirrie, Wm. Jas I. 1897 

Plunkett, Hon. Sir Fras. R., 

G.C.B 1901 

Plunkett, Hon. Sir Horace C, 

k.c.v.o I. 1897 

Poltimore, Lord 1872 

Porter, Sir Andrew M., Bt. . . .1. 1883 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 1886 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M., 


Ranfurly, Earl of, g.c.m.g I 

Rathmore, Lord 

Rayleigh, Lord, o.m 

Reid, Hon. George H 

Revelstoke, Lord 

Ribblesdale, Lord 

Ridgeway, Sir J.West.G.c.M.G. I 

Ripon, Marq. of, k.g 

Ritchie, Chas. Thomson 1886 

Roberts, Fd.-Mrsh. Earl, k.g., 

k.p., IJC I. 1895; G.B. 1901 

Robertson, Lord 1888 

Robinson, Sir Hy. Aug., k.c.b. I. 1902 

Romer, Sir Robert, g.c.b 1899 

Rosebery, Earl of, k.g., k.t i83i 

Ross, John (Justice) I. 1902 

Rothschild, Lord, g.c.v.o 1902 

Round, James 1902 

Rumbold, Sir Horace, Bt., g.c.b. 1896 

"Rutland, Duke of, k.g 1852 

Salisbury, Marq. of, c.b 1903 

Saunderson, Col. Edwd. Jas. . . 1899 
Scoble, Sir Andrew R., k.c.s.i. 1901 
Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, g.c.b. 1898 

Seddon, Hon. Richd. J 1897 

Selborne, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1900 

Selby, Vise 1895 

Shuttleworth, Lord 1886 

Sinclair, Thomas I. 1896 

Slaney (Kenyon-), Col. Wm. S. 1904 

Smith, Jas. Parker 1904 

Somerset, Lord Henry R. C. . . 1874 

Spencer, Earl, k.g 1859 

Spencer, Hon. Chas. Robt 1892 

Sprigg.Hon. Sir John G., g.c.m.g. 1897 

Stalbridge, Lord 1872 

Stanley, Lord i9°3 

Stirling, Sir James 1900 

Strong, Sir Samuel Henry 1897 

Sudeley, Lord 1886 

Suffield, Lord, g.c.v.o 1886 

Talbot, Jno. Gilbert 1897 

Taschereau, Hon. Sir Henri 

E., k.c 1904 

Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g 1903 

Thornton, Sir Edward, g.c.b. . . 1871 

Thurlow, Lord 1886 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, Bt. 

G.B. & I. 1882 
Turner.Hon. Sir George,K.c.M.c. 1897 

Tweedmouth, Lord 1886 

Waldegrave, Earl 1897 

1901 Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, k.g. 

I 9°S I & c G.B. 1894 ; I. 1897 

1880 ! Walker, Samuel I. 1883 

Walrond, Sir Wm. H., Bart. .. 1899 
Way, Hon. Sir Samuel Jas., Bart. 1897 

Wenlock, Lord, g.c.s.i 1901 

West, Sir Algernon E., g.c.b. . . 1894 

Westmeath, Earl of . I. 1902 

Wharton, John LI 1897 

Whiteway, Hon. Sir William V., 

k.c.m.g 1897 

Williams, Sir Roland L. B. V. 1897 

Wilson, Sir Arthur, k.c.i.e 1902 

Windsor, Lord 1891 

Wodehouse, Edmond R 1398 

Wolff, Sir H. Drummond, g.c.b. 1883 
Wolseley, Fd.-Marsh. Vise., 

k.p., 1. 1890 

Wortley (Stuart-), Chas. B., k.c. 1896 

Wrench, Fredk. W I. 1902 

Wyndham, George, 1. 1900 ; G.B. 1902 

Yar borough, Earl of 1890 

York, Archbp. of 1891 

"Soung (Lord), George 1872 

Young, John I. 1880 

Zetland, Marq. of, k.t 1889 



Noel, Hon. Gerard J 1874 

Clerk of the Council — Gt. Brit., Almeric W. FitzRoy ; IrcL, Sir Jas. B. Dougherty, c.i 
Dep. Clk. Gt. Brit., Jas. H. Harrison, M.v.o. Registrar, Edwd. Stanley Hope, c.B. 


General Remarks.— This degree is often accounted the lowest grade of the major 
' nobility, and, as was noticed under "Barons," its title grew out of a lower division of 
that rank of nobles. We meet with the phrase " Barones et Baronetti " so early as 1321, 
in the reign of Edward the Second, whilst his successor in 1340 by letters patent made 
an hereditary Baronet of William de la Pole. " Other Baronetcies," says Mr. Pixley in 
his very informing work, ' History of the Baronetage,' " were similarly created, . . . 
but, with the exception of a few cases in Ireland, the dignity had not been regularly 
hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First it had become practically 
unknown." The term was often confused, even officially, with that of "Banneret," so 
that in the case of Sir Ralph Fane, who was awarded the "dignitas Baronetti" by 
Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really designed, and 
practically evident that at most it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the First in 161 1 the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 
mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage. It is linked, with the nobility 



by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone, the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has strongly the 
appearance of a specialised order of Knighthood —by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membership of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence below 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there are at present scarcely 
any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the con- 
sequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies are 
cropping up and pestering us year after year. (See the paragraph on " Claimant 
Baronets " facing the Preface.) Every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register 
his pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
16 1 2 five new privileges were granted, of which one was the right for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up 
\ to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in 
: later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874 ; but other applications have proved unsuccessful, 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen 
(armigeri) "of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 
lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has wholly ceased, though, 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed 
to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy 
to a female— Dame Mary Bolles, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under "Descent of Peers" we 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow through a female 
parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number 
of Baronets enjoy Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in 
the English and Irish divisions no badge whatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 7, 8. Early in the late reign an effort was 
made by the whole body of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because " too much was asked ; " but 
the recently founded "Standing Council of the Baronetage" (to whom we are under 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of their seat (or of that of the founder of 
their line, as they may prefer) ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical with their own (e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) our northern friends 
often substitute "Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronctesses, 
but the word is scarcely ever used; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian 
name, or "Dame " xoith the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they have the special privilege of 
retaining after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers their 
correct style is given on pages 25-7, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager" in the case of widowhood). Designation of a Baronet, Sir A. B., Baronet 
or Bt. 

Baronets of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.— We have here 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under the Peers : Baronets created 
|— ^— I from 161 1 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronets of England;" from that 
' r(fnj date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets 
I VjJ of the United Kingdom "—the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
the first only, and the Irish by the side of first and second. ■ The English 

^ * The occasion of the starting of the Council was this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
oetween the issue of other Barons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
breach of faith. But the only alternative to the course taken would have been the use of the form "Younger 
Sons of Bai-ons and all sons of Life Barons," these latter having no precedence of eldest sons over younger. 

The Baronetage. 51 

degree was instituted by James the First in 161 1, ostensibly for the purpose of providing 
means to effect the settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 
awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot-soldiers at eightpence per day 
for three years ; the total of this was about .£1095, and the first year's instalment was 
to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to 
the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 
increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about 
930 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title was Sir Nicholas 
Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt.), afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a 
descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier Baronet of England (see remark under 
the name in the Directory). The name of Sir Robert J. Dashwood is cited as Premier 
Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir Henry M. Vavasour as of "the United 
Kingdom ; " but of course the junior Baronet in an earlier series takes precedence of 
the premier in a later one. 

Baronets opScotland and Nova Scotia.— As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 

§and the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain "or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction between Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottish Baronets in 1775. This 
degree was planned by "James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
Scotland " to Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling; but owing to the King's 
death the design was left to be carried out by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet, he having already received 
from King James the baronetcy of Galloway in New Scotland (his descendant Sir Robert 
Glendonwyn Gordon holding the premier distinction still). The number of the degree 
was not to exceed 150, and to each of these, on payment of a sum of about £2000, was 
to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres " of good land." No service was required from them, 
nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried out the scheme of colonisation : the 
raising of money to the Crown was the one great concern. Sir William Alexander, who 
first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, 
Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet 
Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, 
consisting in an enamelled decoration worn from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbcn, 
and containing the arms of Scotland displayed upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne 
upon a larger one charged with a St. Andrew's Cross, and surmounted by a crown, the 
whole within an oval bearing the motto "Fax mentis honestae gloria" (Glory, the 
beacon-light of the noble mind). This badge was substituted for the originally intended 
arms of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles conferred the crest, which is a branch of 
laurel and a thistle issuing from two conjoined hands, the one armed and the other 
naked, with the motto, "Munit hsec, altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baronets of Ireland. — These all necessarily date from prior to the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
r-rtjri James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
M account given under that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
l^ujj Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 162 1 ; 
the Baronetcy merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous year 
and is apparently the very first that was granted. In Ireland as in England there had 
very early existed an hereditary rank bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was 
Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These 
were descendants of certain "lesser Barons" whom Edward the Third had summoned 
to Parliament for a special object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their 
baronial rank sunk to that of Baronets. 

F 2 



* # * As under the Peers, t denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § an Irish Baronetcy; all others are 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United Kingdom. Peers who are Baronets are given in parentheses. A surname 
not that of the original Baronetcy is followed by the latter in square brackets. 

James I. 

Baronetcies of Engl cl. only 
i6n Bacon (Redgrave 
De Hoghton 
(Chichester, E. of) 
(Ferrers, Earl) 
(Sefton, E. of) 
(Bolingbroke, Vise.) 
(Gerard, Bn.) 
Shelley of Michel- 
(Buekinghamsh., E. 

(Kimberley, E. of) 
(Monson, Bn.) 
Musgrave of Edenhl. 
(Somerset, D. of) 
(Ailesbury, M. of) 
Temple of Stowe 
(Winchilsea, E. of) 
(Hereford, Vise.) 
1615 (Dormer, Bn.) 

1617 Egerton (Grey-) 
(Townshend, Marq.) 

16 18 Boynton 
(Cobham, Vise.) 

Baronetcies of Ireld. inst. 

1619 Burdett of Bramcote 
Beach (Hicks-) 

1620 Berney 
(Sutherland, D. of) 
(Leeds, D. of) 

($Valentia, Vise.) 

162 1 (Hotham, Bn.) 
Tichbome (Doughty-) 
$Coote of Ballynn 
(Stafford, Bn.) 
Philipps of Picton 

1622 Mansel 

(§Kenmare, Bn.) 
(Westminster, D. of) 
(Gage. Vise.) 
§Blosse (Lynch-) 

(Shaftesbury, E. of) 
§Blake of Menlough 

1623 §Barnewall 

$ Stewart of Fort S. 

Charles I. 

Baronetcies of Scotld. inst. 

1625 (tRoxburghe, D. of) 
fGordon of Letter- 

(tHuntly, M. of) 
(tBreadalbane, M. of) 
(tMacdonald, Bn.) 
(tSeafield, E. of) 
tLeslie of Wardis 

1626 t Forbes of Pitsligo 
(+Moncreiff, Bn.) 


1627 Bering 

:627 fNapier of Napier 
(fReay, Bn.) 

(tBute, M. of) 
(fGalloway, E. of) 
(Bagot, Bn.) 
I sham 

Goring (patent 1678) 
Bacon (Mildenhall 

(Farnham, Bn.) 
[628 (tGosford, E. of) 

fCampbell of Ardna- 

fCampbell of Auch- 


(Verulam, E. of) 
tMackenzie of Tarbat 

tBiddell (Buchanan-) 
[Riddell of Riddell] 
tMurray of Black- 
(tElibank, Bn.) 
(Derby, E. of) 

Trelawny (Salusby.-) 

§Burke of Glinsk 
§ Butler 
De la Pole 
(tGranard, E. of) 
Wolseiey of Wolseley 

1629 ^Esmonde 
Graham of Esk 
tBruce of Stenhouse 
fNicolson of Lass- 
wade, or Niclsn. 

tAgnew of Loclmaw 
§ Osborne 

1630 (tSempill, Bn.) 
Murray of Dunerne 

(Stewart-) [Richard- 
son of Pencaitland] 


1631 fGordon of Embo 

( $M ountm orres, Vise . ) 
(tCaithness, E. of) 

1632 tMaclean 
1 1634 fMunro of Foulis 

t Foulis (Liston-) 

(fLucan, E. of) 

1635 fLockhart (Sinclair-) 

tPilkington (Mil- 
borne-S.-) [Pilking- 

tHay of Smithfield 

1636 TAbercroinby 
(fKilmaine, Bn.) 

1637 f-Nicolson of Tilli- 

1638 tTuring 
164 1 Every 

(Bath, M. of) 
(Poltimore, Bn.) 
(Iddesleigh, E. of) 

1641 Strickland 
Boughton (Rouse-), 

Lawford line 

Chichester of 

(Scarsdale, Bn. 
(Wenlock, Bn.) 

1642 (Kesteven, Bn.) 

(Downe, Vise.) 



(t Aberdeen, E. of) 


(Wrottesley, Bn.) 



(Ravensworth, Bn. 

1643 (Waldegrave, Earl) 

1644 (Acton, Bn.) 
(Devon, E. of) 

1645 Vyvyan 

Aclan d of Col nmb Jn. 

1646 ^Borrowes 
fHamilton of Silver- 

Charles II. 

1651 (fRosebery, E. of— 
in King's exile) 

1660 $Piers 

Wilson (Maryon-) 



(Stradbroke, E. of) 

Stuart of Hartley M. 

(Bradford, E. of) 

(Nottingham, E. of) 


Palmer of Carlton 

Robinson of London 

(Hastings, Bn.) 

(Stanley of A., Bn.) 

Bowyer of Denhain 


(St. John of B., Bn.) 





(Northumbd., D. of) 



(Onslow, E. of) 

(Headley, Bn.) 




1661 Bedingfeld (Paston-) 


Cooke of Wheatley 
Clement (Ashburn- 

ham-) [Ashburn- 

Bulkeley (Wms.-) 


Milbanke of Hainaby 
($Egmont, E. of) 
Smyth (Bowyer-) 

1662 Trevelyan of Nettle- 


(iArran, E. of) 
(f Southwell, Vise.) 
(§ Aylmer, Bn.) 
§ Dancer 
Graham of Norton 


Brooke of Norton 

1663 (tSouthesk, E. of) 
fSeton of Abercorn 
(Romney, E. of) 

tHay of Park 

1664 (tStair, E. of) 
Lorain e 

1665 Shaw of Eltham 
(^Waterford, M. of) 
(Roden, E. of) 

fCampbell (Home- 
P.-Hume-) [Homc- 
Burdett of Bur- 


1666 (Carnwath, E. of) 
fstirling of Glorat 
(tRosslyn, E. of) 

t Ramsay of Bam ft 
(fNapier & E., Bn.) 

1667 fStewart (Shaw-) 

fW auchope (Don-) 

1668 fCampbell of 


1669 (tQueensberry, M. of) 
Cunyngham (Dick-) 

1st cr. of Gun. lino 
[Cunningham of 

1670 Mostyn 
Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 

167 1 tHome 

§ Leicester 

Croft of Croft 
[672 tCuninghame 

[Cuninghame of 
Corse Hill] 


itLauderdale, E. of) 
tJardine of Apple- 

1673 tMurray of Ochter- 


tMackenzie of Coul 
Hamil ton (Stirling-) 

[Hamilton of 


1674 Blackett 

1676 (Mun caster, Bn.) 

1677 tCunyngham (Dick-) 

1st. cr.of Dick line 

(Combermere, Vise.) 
(Middleton, Bn.) 
(Brownlow, Earl) 
($Rosse, E. of) 

Historic Baronetage. 


1678 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 


1679 fClerk 

i68if Maxtvell of Mon- 

Bunbury of Stanney 

Parker of Melford 

1682 fMaxwell (Stirling-) 

(^Kingston, E.of) 

1683 fMaxwell (Heron-) 

tSeton of Pitmedden 

1684 Dashwood of Kirt- 


James II. 

1685 f Grierson 

1686 tBroun 

fKinloeh of Gilmer- 

(Hnchiquin, Bn.) 

1687 tHall 

1688 Wynn (Wms.-) 
tGrant of Dalvey 
($Bellew, Bn.) 

William III. 

1689 Molesworth 

1690 f Lauder (Dick-) 
(Ripon, M. of) 

1693 Leighton 

1694 Colt 

fDunbar of Mochrum 
f Anstruther of Bal- 

Thomas of "Wenvoe 

1696 fBaird of Saughton 


1697 fDunbar of Durn 
Soame(Buckwth H.-) 

fDalrymple (Hamil- 
ton-) [Dairy mple] 

1698 ($De Vesci, Vise.) 
1700 tAnstruther (Car- 


fDunbar of Northfd. 
(fMinto, E. of) 
1702 fCunynghame of 


1702 fSuttie (Grant-) 
fCarmichael (Gib- 
son-) [Gibson] 

703 f Hay of Alderston 
fMackenzie of Gair- 


fMackenzie of Scat- 
well (Tarbat) 

($Clanwilliam, E. of) 

fFergusson of Kilker 

704 (Boston, Bn.) 
(§Headfort. M. of) 

f Sinclair of Dunbth. 

I 'os ($Hawarden, Vise.) 
l ! Le Fleming 

1705 Miller of Chichester \ 
Grant of Monymusk 

1706 fGordon of Earlston 
fDunbar (Duff-Suth- 

erld.) [Dunbar of 
707 Cunyngham (Dick-), 
2nd cr. of Dick line 
Dashwood of W.Wyc. 
Maxwell (Stirling-), 
2nd cr. [Maxwell] 
Baronetcies of Gt. Brit, 
begin [Engld. and Scotld. 

1709 ($Muskerry. Bn.) 
17 1 1 Grey of London 

714 (Radnor, E. of) [Des 

George I. 

1715 Warrender 
(Torrington, Vise.) 

1716 Perrott 

1717 Milner 

1720 Blunt 

172 1 Codrington of Dod- 


[723 Frederick 

$ Weldon 
1724 Mitchell, dormant 

1727 (Hill, Vise.) 

George* II. 

1728 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 
1730 (§ Anglesey, M. of) 


1732 Clayton 

1733 (Ancaster, E. of) 

Dry den, 1st cr. [Tur- 

1738 Armytage 

1739 Hulse 

1742 (Newborough, Bn.) 

1744 Wolseley of Mt. W. 

1745 Beauchamp (Proc- 

(Suffleld, Bn.) 

1746 (Grey, Earl) 
Gooch of Benacre 

1748 (^Athlumney, Bn.) 

1751 (Huntingfield, Bn.) 

1752 Gibbons 

1755 Winnington 
(Waterpark, Bn.) 
Johnson of N. York 

1756 Sheffield 
(Ridley. Vise.) 

1757 Bromley 

1758 ($Crofton, Bn.) 

1759 "Wilmot of Chaddes- 

Glyn of Ewell 

1760 §Booth (Gore-) 

George III. 

1761 Hesketh (Fermor-) 


1762 (Zetland, M. of) 

1763 Blakiston 
§ Cotter 

1764 (Rodney, Bn.) 

1764 Cornewall 
(Lonsdale, E. of) 

1765 (Henniker, Bn.) 

1766 §Blunden 
§St. George 
(Gwydyr, Bn.) 
Thomas of Yapton 
($Congleton, Bn.) 

1767 Hort 

1768 ($Carbery, Bn.) 

1769 Burrard 

Young of Nth. Dean 

1772 (Somers, Bn.) 
Blake of Langham 
Mildmay (St.-J.-) 
Wilmot of Osmaston 

1773 Hughes 

1774 Coote of Donnybrk. 


Gibbes (Osborne-) 

Marriott (Smith-) 

1775 §Walsh (Johnson-) 
Buchanan (Leith-) 


1776 (§Cloncurry, Bn.) 
Hamilton of Marl- 
borough House 

(Headley, Bn., 2nd 


Rhodes [Baker of 

Eden (Maryland line) 

1777 Douglas of Carr 

4 Palmer of Kenure 

1778 (Hood, Vise.) 
(Mostyn, Bn.) 

Riddell of Ardnamur- 


1779 Rumbold 


($Ffrench, Bn.) 

^Waller of Newport 
($Ely, M. of) 

1781 (Dunraven, E. of) 

Sykes of Basildon 

(Gainsboro', E. of) 

1782 * Denny 
Fletcher (Aubrey-) 

(Haldon, Bn.) 

^Hutchinson (Synge-) 
[Hutchinson, then 
Synge] . 

§Musgrave of Tourm 

1783 Graham of Netherby 

Sykes of Sledmere 

Graeme (Hamond-) 

1784 (Cottenham, E. of) 
(Halifax, Visct.) 

1784 Durrant 

Boevey (Crawley-) 
Dodsworth (Smith-) 

($De Blaquiere, Bn.) 
i W arren of Warren's 

(Kenyon, Bn.) 
§Hoare of Annabella 

1785 ^Godfrey 

1786 Sinclair of TJlbster 
Rowley of Tendring 

Hoare of Stourhead 
Blair (Hunter-) 
Douglas of Springwd. 


1787 fHodson 
$Bunbury (Richdsn.-) 

[Richardson of 
§Carden of Temple- 
§Des Vceux 

1788 Miller of Glenlee 

1789 $Hayes 

1790 (Churston, Bn.) 

Orde (Campbell-) 

1791 Malet 
§ Lighton 

(Northbourne, Bn.) 
Boughton (Rouse-), 
Rouse-Lench line 
Martin of Lockyuge 
Pole (Van-Notten-) 
Palmer of Wanlip 
Meyrick (Tapps-G.-) 

1792 King (Duckworth-) 
(Teignmouth, Bn.) 
(Tredegar. Bn.) 

1793 (Dysart, E. of) 

(Northbrook, E. of) 

1794 §Paul of Paulville 

Bowyer of Radley, 

2nd cr. 
(Gardner, Bn., drmt.) 
Curtis of Gatcombe 

1795 Grace 
Dryden, 2nd cr. 


Mac Gregor of MacG. 
(Heytesbury, Bn.) 
(Derwent, Bn.) 

^Nugent of Ballin- 

§Meredyth of Car- 


1796 Farquhar 
(Exmouth, Vise.) 
Hartopp (Cradock-) 
Baker of Dunstable 


1797 Pechell (Brooke-) 

SBurke ofMarb.Hill 



1797 ($Ventry, Bn.) 
1758 Knigbtley 

Hay (Dalrymple-) 
Anstruther (Carrui- 

chael-, 2nd cr.) 
Williams of Bodel- 


1799 ^Macartney 
§Smith (Cusack-) 
Cuffe (Wheeler-) 

1800 Glyn of G aunt's 

Peel of Drayton 
Stirling of Faskine 

Baronetcies all of U.K. 
(Gt. Brit.&lreld. merged) 

1801 Vavasour of Spal- 

(De Saumarez, Bn.) 

(Cottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
Welby [Welby- 


Lennard (Barrett-) 
Hardin ge 

Fitzgerald ( Judkin-) 



Crofton of Mohill 
De Bathe 

1802 Nepean 

Baker of Ranston 
Poynder (Dickson-) 


Curtis of Cullands 

1803 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

Stewart of Athenry 

Barlow of Bengal 



1804 Price (Rugge-) [Price] 
Cumming (Cordon-) 
Sullivan of Thames 

Maxwell of Cardo- 

Smith of Tring 
(Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
Clarke of Rossmore 
Bruce of Downhill 
Lees of Blackrock 

1805 Hartwell 

(Champion-) [De 


Mackenzie (Muir-) 

1806 Bromhead 
Shelley of Avington 


(Avebury, Bn.) 
Scott of Gt. Barr 

1806 Ramsay of Balmain 
Lockhart of Lee 

Nugent of Waddes 

Thompson of Herts 

Scott of Dunninald 
Hood (F. - A eland-) 

(Hartington line) 

[Bateman, then 


1807 (Chesterfield E. of) 

1808 Campbell of Suoeoth 
Montgomery of The 


Wilson (Tyrwhitt-) 

309 Hood(F.-Acland-)(St. 

Audries line) 
Baird of Newbyth 
Seymour (Culme-) 
Smith of Eardiston 

Alexander of Dublin 

1812 Gallwey (Payne-) 

Russell of Swallow- 

Kaye (Lister-) 

18 13 Owen 
(Grimthorpe, Bn.) 
Gordon (Duff-) 
Jervoise (Clarke-) 

Young of Formosa 



1814 Fowke 

Peirse (Beresford-) 


Grey of Falloden 


Dunbar of Boath 



1815 Hepburn (Buchan-) 
MacMahon of Dublin 

Campbell of Thames 


Jackson of Arlsey 
Steuart (Seton-) 

Waller of Braywick 

Frice of Trengwain- 


King of Charlestown 
[816 Browurigg 

Elphinstone of 

1817 M'Mahon of St. Jas. 

18 18 Maitland 
Johnson of Bath 

1818 Verney 
Bathurst (Hervey-) 

(De L'Isle & D., Bn.) 




Croft of Dodington 
(Deramore, Bn.) 

1819 Hamilton of Marlb. 

Ho. (Trebinshun 

Robinson of Rokeby 

George IV. 

182 1 Campbell (Cockbn.-) 
(Cottesloe, Bn.) 
Corbett (Astley-) 
Shaw of Terenure 

(Hylton, Bn.) 
Farquhav (Townsd.-) 
Drake (Fuller-E.-) 
Wilmot (Eardley-) 
Dundas of Beechwd. 

Young of Baillieboro 
Cooper (Paston-) 

[Cooper of Gade- 

Paul of Rodboro' 
Lindsay TTrotter] 
Scott of Lytchett 
King of Corrard 

1822 FitzGerald of New- 

Brooke of Colebrooke 

1823 James 
Forbes of Newe 
Robinson of Batt's 


1824 Lowther 

182s Munro of Linderlis 
1828 Dalrymple (Elphin- 
stone-) [Dalrymple 
of Nth. Berwick, 
then Dair.vmple- 
1 Horn-Elphinstone] 

(Vivian, Bn.) 

Vavasour of Hazel- 





Drummond (Wms.-) 


Macgregor of Savile 

William IV. 

1831 Key 

Douglas of Glen- 


Campbell of Bar- 

Foster of Glyde Ct. 

Becher (Wrixon-) 
Campbell of Carrick 

Lawson of Brayton 

1831 Nugent of Cloncos- 

koran [Humble] 
Craig (Gibson-) 
Campbell of New 

Nugent of Donore 

Clarke of Dunham 

1832 Russell of Charlton 

1834 Laurie [Bayley] 

1835 Walker (Forestier-) 

1836 Rowley of Hill Ho. 
Carnac (Rivett-) 
Lucy (Rams.-Fairf.-) 

Sawle (Graves-) 
Power of Kilf ane 
Macnaghten (Work- 
man-) [Macnaghten] 

Boswall (Houston-) 


1837 Clark of Tillypronie 
Wood of Hatherley 

1838 Head 
(Lytton, E. of) 
Gordon (Smith-) 


Grant (M'Pherson-) 




Foster of Norwich 





Menteth (Stuart-) 
(Wimbcrne. Bn.) 
Bellew (Grattan-) 
East (Clayton-) 
Crofton of Longfd. 

1840 Stocken strom 
Buxton of Bellfield 

1841 Stuart of Canada 
Arthur of West- 

De Trafford 
Lawson of Brough 
Armstrong of Gallen 

Le Mar chant 
Power of Edermine 

1842 (Gough, Vise.) 
1844 Magnay 

Parker of Shenstone 
1846 Lewis of HarptonCt. 
(Hampton, Bn.) 

(Magheramorne, Bn.) 
[847 Davie (Ferguson-) 

(Rothschild. Bn.) 
1849 O'Brien of Borris 

(Shuttleworth, Bn.) 

Historic Baronetage. 


1850 Abdy 

1851 (Hothfield, Bn.) 

1852 Alison 
(Glanusk, Bn.) 

1853 (Knutsford, Vise.) 

1854 Kobinson of Toronto 

1855 Peto 

Moon of Portm. Sq. 

1856 Walker of Oakley 

1857 Locoek 

1858 Allan (Havelock-) 


Griffith (Waldie-) 

Wilson of Delhi 
Lawrence of Bel- 

(Lawrence, Bn.) 

1859 Cunard 

Duncombe (Paunce 

1862 Dilke 

1863 Lloyd 

Brown of Astrop 
Cooper of Woollahra 

1864 Western 

1866 Buller (Manning- 

Fergusson of Spital- 


Watson of Henrietta 

(Tweedmouth, Bn.) 

(St. Levan, Bn.) 

Williams of Tregul- 

Gooch of Clewer 

1867 Napier of Dublin 

(Ardilaun, Bn.) 
Lawrence of Ealing 

1868 .Tenner 
(Hillingdon, Bn.) 
Harvey of Langley 

Harvey of Crown Pt. 
Walker of Sand 


Moss (Edwards-) 

1863 Brady 

Salomons (Goldsmid- 
Stern-) [Salomons] 



Salt of Saltaire 


Earle of Allerton 

Jackson (Mather-) 
[Jackson of Birken- 

1871 (Moncreiff, Bn.) 
Paget of Harewd. PI. 
Stepney (Cowell-) 

1872 Gull 

Pollock (Montagu-) 

1872 Rose of Montreal 

1873 Kinloch of Kinloch 

1874 Trevely an of Walling 


Wilson of Eshton 
Porster of Lysways 

Amory (Heathcoat-) 
Price (Green-) 
Miller of Mander- 

Thompson (Meysey-) 

Rose of Raynera 




1875 Barttelot 

1876 Scourfleld 

Leslie of Glasslough 




Codrington of Dod- 

ington Park 

Temple of The Nash 
1878 Buchanan of Dun- 

1880 Mowbray 
(Blythswood, Bn.) 
Meyrick (Charlton-) 

(Hindlip, Bn.) 
Ripley of Rawdon 

FitzGcrald of Valen- 

1881 Stewart of S.Kensgtn 
(Roberts, Earl) 
Sullivan of Garryduff 

1882 (Swansea, Bn.) 
Milbank of Well & 

(Burton, Bn.) 



Clarke of Rupertswd. 
1883 Wells 

Clark of Cav. Square 
(Lister, Bn.) 
(Parrer, Bn.) 
f Bowman 

; (Iveagh, Bn.) 

Jardine of Castlemilk 
Bell of Rounton 

Thornhill (Compton-) 

(Killanin, Bn.) 

1886 Alexander of Bal- 
Walker of Gateacre 
Monte fiore 




(Mount Stephen, Bn.) 
Green of Wakefield 
Paget of Cranmore 
Ewing (Orr-) 

Cook of Richmond 



Palmer of Grinkle 
Clark of Edinburgh 
(Glenesk, Bn.) 
Carden of Molesey 

Dalrymple of New- 


Moon of Copsewood 
Philipps of Picton 


Kinahan (Hudson-) 
(Northcote, Bn.) 

King of Campsie 
(Inverclyde, Bn.) 
Porter of Merrion Sq. 
Llewelyn (Dillwyn-) 
Mackenzie of Glen 


Savory of Brook St. 
Powler of Braemore 
Thompson of Guise- 

(Newlands, Bn.) 
Acland of Oxford 

(Rosmead, Bn.) 
(Crawshaw, Bn.) 

Savory of Buckhurst 
(O'Brien, Bn.) 

Powell of Horton 



Hartland (Dixon-) 
(Burnham, Bn.) 

Stewart (M'Taggart-) 
[Stewart of South- 


Armstrong of Ash- 
burn PI. 

(Farquhar, Bn.) 

Hamilton of London 

Schroder (Bn. von S.) 









Wills of Blagdon 




Jones (Burne-) 
Montagu [Samuel] 
Coats (Glen-) 

1894 Austin 
Reckitt . 

Williams of Brook St. 
189s Barran 

, Watson of Earnock 

Bell of Govan 

Leyland (Naylor-) 
Agnew of Gt. Stan- 
hope St. 

1896 Fayrer 

Lewis of Nantgwyne 





Dalgleish (Ogilvy-) 



FitzGerald (TJniacke - 

1897 Lees of Sth. Lytchett 
Wills of Northmoor 
Powell of Wmpl. St. 
Baird of Urie 
Wilson of Ecclesall 
Phillips (Faudel-) 
Reid of Ellon 


Peel of Tyersal 


Ripley of Acacia 
Smith of Stratfd. PI. 

Paget of Sutton Bonn . 
Wood of The Hermit- 

1895 Wilks 
Nanney (Ellis-) 
Samuel of Sophien- 


Lawrence (Durning-) 


De la Rue 

Dundas of Arniston 



1899 Thompson of Wim- 

pole St. 

Scott of Castle House 

Brooke of Armitage 

Hoare of Sidestrand 
Salt of Weeping Cross 
Sanderson (Burdon-) 

1900 (Alvevstone, Bn.) 


Greene of Nether Hall 
Lawson of Weetwd. 

Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 

igoi Aird 



56 Introduction. 


1902 Tomlinson 

1903 Murphy 

1904 Nairn 


1903 Brown of Broome 

Pitzgerald of Queens- 

1 90s Monson 

Green of London 




Barlow of London 


Brooke of Summer- 


Porter of St. Nessans 



Cooper of Hursley 


Prevost of Padding- 


.L/C otti 11 







Ivnowles of Westwd. 



Arthur of Carlung 


Roy den 



1904 Wills of Ilazelwood 













Lewis of Portl.Pl. 

Samuel of The Mote 



Brockle hurst 

Palmer of Reading 

Goff (Davie-) 

Jackson of Stansted 

Wright (Cory-) 

White of Bristol 






Hodge (Hermon-) 

Todd (Wilson-) 


Martin of Overbury 







Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the King himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, " after good words and 
wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standard at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
First ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in France. 

General Remarks. — In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : 4 ' It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which does not 
imply its equestrian nature. For in the French a Knight is styled ' Chevalier ' from 
cheval, as in German 'Ritter' or rider ; or, as an old poet has expressed it — 

" Eques ah equo is said of very right, 
And Chevalier is said of Chivauie, 
In which a Rider is a Knight ; 
Arragoners done also specine 
Caballiero through all that partie 
Is name of Worship, and so took its 'ginning 
Of Spurs of Gold and chieny of Riding." 

Adding, "From these spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Equites Aurati." The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William Walworth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performing 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were put on ; whilst both before and after the conferring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Kenelm Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from such, as 
did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 


the Knight "sans peur et sans reproche ; " and so, in our own country, Brand, Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 
father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even _ enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term— not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelors until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so earlv as the year 506. 

. There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood— the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Patrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Royal Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Bachelors, though not a 
constituted Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
I Albert and the Crown of India ; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the 
Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, which embrace both 
sexes,_ but confer no precedence and are denoted by no initials. Not one of these is 
hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only commoners, would take 
j precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and St. Patrick are 
I regularly restricted to nobles, the only recorded exceptions being the bestowal of the 
Garter upon Sir Robert Walpole and William Herbert who became Earl of Pembroke, 
and of the Thistle upon the present Duke of Argyll when Marquess of Lome, and the 
: late Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, whilst it has been declared that the Garter was offered 
j upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title "Sir" is formally prefixed to the 
names, when given in full, of all Peers who are also either Knights or Baronets. 
Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir" the wife, in conventional usage, 
has the title " Lady " or "Dame " as in the case of a Baronetess. But in her case the 
honour is one of courtesy and not of right, as we are shown bv an amusing story 
in ' The Book of the Court : ' The lady of a certain City Knight was once pre- 
sented to the old Princess Amelia, who was very deaf. The Princess, not aware that 
she was merely a Knight's lady, was about to salute her as she would have done with 
the daughter of a Peer, to the great horror of the Gentleman Usher in Waiting, who, 
shocked at such a violation of etiquette, exclaimed, loud enough to be heard by all 
present, " Don't kiss her, Your Royal Highness ; she is not a real Lady ! " 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
the year 1900, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelors. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and 
it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be 
carried out by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace. 

We are now inserting, from Whitaker's Almanack, small cuts of the Stars worn 
by the respective Orders ; but for those of the Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Bath 
j (G.C.B. Mil.) far clearer ones will be found on our title-page, described on page ix. 

The Most Noble Order 05 the Garter.— The commonly accepted date of the 
institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 
] Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 

j||t|L in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be pre- 
liMK ferred is that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
j _ uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 

in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
'awn knee by way of rebuke to those who "saw harm" in it, and that the occurrence 
thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Crecy. 
Another story is that Richard Cceur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
eathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
light assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 



half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, " May 
he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it,"adding "i.e., the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for the Order, apparently following Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; but here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should " think ill " of a grand warlike expedition. But 
though mistrusting this application, we must all admit without hesitation that Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly correct than the one commonly received, which 
first ignores the "y" for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or 
nothing, and then repeats the word "evil" without any warrant from the original. 
For the word "honi," which in modern French would be "honni," is not even a 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount 
to a curse). " Accursed be he who sees harm in the Garter " is evidently the real 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured" is far too feeble. 

The Order itself may be said to rank indisputably as the first in the world, and the 
number of foreign Sovereigns who have accepted it is almost countless. It is 
still limited to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign and the Prince 
of Wales, and such occasional extra Knights and foreign rulers and dignitaries as 
may be admitted by special statute, the "extras" being merged in the regular five- 
and-twenty upon the first occurrence of vacancies ; the only alteration has been the 
extension of the limits to lineal descendants of either of the four Georges. A Knight 
of the Garter is at his investiture allotted a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, 
over which are set up, to be retained throughout his life, his sword, helmet, crest, 
banner, and a plate containing his arms and titles : this practice is still in vogue. 

The officers of the Order are— Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor — all three ex 
officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, usually called " Garter," and the Gentle- 
man Usher of the Black Rod — these two being personal appointments. The Prelate and 
Chancellor are authorised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms of St. 
George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and on 
the other with a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms embroidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he wears a red book of the Order with a device of two pens 
within the garter. The mantle of "Garter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
(for whose names and titles see page 70) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
similar mantle. His Rod is surmounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
and motto. He is granted during life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 

The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
array, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser 
George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly 
comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (this is the mantle 
worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle and 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidered Star, within 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the whole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, 
whiah is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of twenty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each medal has for its 
border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
between each medal and the next is a true-lovers' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (we here call them medals for 

The Knightage, Companio?iage, <kc. 


clearness, as the idea of twenty-six garters round the neck might be too suggestive of 
strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order— the Sovereign and Knight 
Companions ; the entire Collar weighs exactly thirty-two ounces. Suspended to this 
Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
j Dragon ; the Lesser George, which is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 
of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing obliquely to beneath the right 
arm. Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.Ct. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle.— The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to a.d. 787, 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen 
J|f||L by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, King of the Picts, as they were engaged 
ijjlsjf in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently state. 
What is historical is that in the year 1540 James the Fifth either established or revived 
the Order, and that it had again to be restored in 1687 by James the Seventh of Scotland 
and Second of England, who created eight Knights and assigned to them the royal chapel 
at Holyrood, which is still the chapel of the Order. Once more the Order collapsed 
through the Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again 
and more permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it was decreed that its 
membership should comprise the Sovereign and sixteen Knights, but other personages 
of the Royal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Dean, the Secretary, 
Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod. The decorations con- 
sist of the Badge or Jewel, the Star, the Collar, and the Ribbon. The Badge is in the 
form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with a gold enamelled 
figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is worn either pendent to 
the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which passes over the left 
shoulder and across the breast. The Star, properly so called, is itself formed in part of a 
St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroidery, between the four limbs of which are four starry 
rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with green foliage), which is 
surrounded by a circle with the motto, " Nemo me impune lacessit " (No one provokes 
me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the coat or cloak. The Collar is 
composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with sprigs of rue. There is now 
added a Mantle of green velvet lined with taffeta. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 
.» Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
jll»|L two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and 
tjjMjjlt some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
the insignia, but not the gic-a^ic?o knighthood. There was formerly a religious cere- 
\ mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church, and simultaneously the offices of Prelate and Registrar have lapsed, whilst the 
Chancellor, instead of being an Archbishop, is now the Secretary for Ireland of the 
Ministry of the day. The other officers are the Ulster King of Arms, the Secretary, the 
Usher of the Black Rod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. The decorations consist of the 
I Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and Star have each of them in the 
centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf of shamrock, each lobe of 
which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle with a motto in gold 
letters, " Quis separabit ? " (Who shall separate us? ) ; surrounding this again there is in the 
Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole within an oval out- 
1 line, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two ornaments are 
worn as under the previous Orders. The Collar is wholly of gold and made up of a series 
I of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crown, alternating with eight golden knots, the 
I roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; whilst 
I the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much larger 
I harp forming the connecting-link between the Collar and Badge (the other two harps are 
H at the sides, the roses three behind and two in front, the crown taking in this lastposition 
| the place of the centre one). The Mantle is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. 
I The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over the right shoulder (not as those of the Garter 
I and Thistle). Designation, the letters K.P, 




The Most Honourable Order of the Bath. —The name of this, by far the largest 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in honour of those to which commoners can 
hope to attain, was evidently taken from an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 1399, it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coronation in that year, 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
went a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 
indeed, we are told that in 1127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others "Knights of the Bath" at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
"received knighthood by bathing" from Edward the Second. But it was not 
g.c.b. Civ. till 1725 that the Order was placed upon a solid foundation ; since then it has 
been successively enlarged in 1815, 1847, 1861, 1887, and 19c 1. We are told by 
kJH||g Froissart of Henry the Fourth's Knights being presented by the King with 
gsRi "long green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with 
miniver, and with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and 
k.c.b. Mil. after the fashion used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left 
shoulder had a double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tassels 
ylHy were pendent." On the evening previous to their investiture they were all 
ttffil assembled together, and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the 
a« rites of the latter having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, 
k.cb. Civ. however, appears to have been observed at the creation of Knights much earlier 

# still ; but we find the Order in existence later on, and habitually bestowed on 
state occasions upon such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other 
Knighthood. Thus we can supplement Froissart's account by a more definite 
c.b. Mil. one as described on the investiture of a number of Knights in 1610, when Prince 
Radge. Henry, son of James the First, was created Prince of Wales. Those to be 
invested were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, and were conducted in 
the evening to the bathing-chamber, "where for each of them was provided a several 
bathing-tub, which was lined both within and without with white linen and covered 
with red say. Early the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to "honour God and main- 
tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the utmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
sword and spurs. In this array they rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
highest in rank first) entered the hall and knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then put on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels." The 
above is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last of this Order of 
Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Walford to have been the sixty-eight created by 
Charles the Second at his coronation. We pass to 1725, when George the First renewed 
the Order, fixing it at thirty-seven Knights and the Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, 
that it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only 
the highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 
total of the Class (hitherto the letters K.B. forming the unvarying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it was again enlarged, the Civil Division being extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first. Eventually the numbers 
were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive of the Royal Family and of such 
distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either Division 
or Class : even then much laxity obtains by the temporary use of the word 
" Additional " (and so with the Orders generally). It must also be particularly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 61 

their special services having been of a scientific or other non-military character or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces, whereas actual military service is required for 
the other Division ; a few have obtained both Divisions. 

The oM cers are the Dean (the Dean of Westminster), the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. The Duke 
of Connaught was in 1901 appointed Great Master, an honour previously held by his 
present Majesty, and at one time by their father, the Prince Consort. As a rule, though 
not without frequent exceptions, recipients of this Order must begin with the lowest^ 
Class, or Companions, and proceed to Knights Commanders before they can become 
Grand Crosses. The Military Division of even the lowest rank is only conferred upon 
such distinction in action against the enemy as shall procure a medal or Other 
decorative badge, or else a special mention in despatches ; it is never granted to any officer 
of lower grade than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy — indeed 
very rarely even so low, the Distinguished Service Order being substituted. 

The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and Ribbon. The 
Badge for the Military Division is a (genuine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 
enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in 
the central circle are a rose, thistle, and shamrock issiiing from a sceptre, with three 
Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
juncta in uno " (Three joined in one), with a laurel- wreath completely surrounding it, 
whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve) : by the Grand Crosses 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, 
being externally surrounded with a glory of silver flames ; for the Civil Grand Crosses 
there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 
for the Knights Commanders there is a silver cross-patte'e round the same centre, the 
Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll; Companions have no 
Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
composed of nine Albert Crowns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and 
shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 
white. The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Grand Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B. is entitled to "supporters" in his 
ooat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red 
mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and 
% high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. The designations with the nominal 
limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being at the present date all greatly 
exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division was increased enormously, 
having pronounced those in excess to be " additional," in virtue of a provision that 
;he second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occurrence of a war. The 
lominal total is 1338, and the oddness of the figures throughout is perplexing when we 
3ome to discover that about 1800 is the present actual membership without including 
Honorary Members) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A. B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.B. ... 145 „ 108 „ 

3rd „ Companions The letters C.B. ... 705 „ 298 

The Most Exalted Okder of the Stae oe India. — The Order next in precedence 
iter the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by her late Majesty in 
^iife 1861, and subsequently enlarged successively in 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, and 
jsSp£ 1903. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 
^tir loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It consists of the Sovereign, the 
fl.cs.i. &c. Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 276 Knights and Companions disposed 
1 1 three Classes as below, and such extra and Honorary Members as the Sovereign may 
|rom time to time appoint : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- 
I ion K.S.I, then represented the only title which it conferred. The officers are the 



Registrar and the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern- 
ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and 
Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set 
in an oval and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Guide ; " it is sur- 
mounted by a five-rayed star wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with 
the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like 
the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the 
whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their 
proper colours, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and 
ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards 
each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left, 
and by Knights Commanders round the neck, as with the preceding Order ; Companions 
attach the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with 
white and adorned with blue and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. Desig- 
nations and limits (as increased in 1903) : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., Gr.C.S.I. ... 36 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.S.I. ... 85 „ 

3rd ,, Companions The letters C.S.I. ...170 „ 

In ist Class, 18 each European and Indian ; ex -Viceroys additional. 

The Most Distinguished Order op St. Michael and St. George.— Though 
clearly older than the preceding and now of much wider application this Order has 
been placed after it in dignity, because, having been originally established (in 
18 18) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the protec- 
.^MfP" torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands 
o.c.m.g. and of Malta, and to "such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean : " indeed, it was not made 
applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the ' ' Star 
of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, 
and twenty-five respectively ; but it was enlarged successively in 1868, 1877, 1879, and 
1887, till it has come to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 
in either Colonial or Foreign Affairs. It now comprises the Sovereign, the Grand 
Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, with foreign 
Princes and persons of distinction (who are Honorary Members), and the ordinary 
Knights and Companions as below. Its officers are the Prelate, Chancellor, Secretary, 
King of Arms, and Registrar : the Colonial Office is its Chancery, and there is now 
added a Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge 
is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four : 
cn one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St. 
George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris 
sevi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading 
like the Badge, and with narrow ones of gold between, while in the centre is the 
figure of St. George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a 
cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear 
in our illustration). That of Knights Commanders is smaller and of only four 
rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), 
Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front 
centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the 
three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are 
of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the latter surmounted with white and black ostrich 
feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear "supporters." The following are 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," while the two Indian Orders alone substitute 
" Grand Commanders "), also the statutory limits of each Class as extended in 1902, 
and not exceeded by more than a hundred in even the 3rd Class : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., (t.C.M.G. ...100 members. 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.M.G. ...300 „ 

3rd ,, Companions The letters CM. G. ...600 ,, 

The Foreign Office may designate 30 of the ist Class, 90 of the 2nd, and 180 of the 3rd. 

The Knightage, Companionage, <#c. 

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.— The Order so entitled was 
! instituted by her late Majesty on J anuary i, 1878, and for the purpose of commemorating 

#her proclamation in the previous year as Empress of India. It is awarded for a 
like purpose with the Order of the Star of India, though inferior to it in rank. In 
1886 it was enlarged, and again at the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. It now con- 
g.c.i.e. sists of the Sovereign, the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members 
Badge, of the Royal Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there 
exists the special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions 
\ ex officio. Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Classes were added 
in that year. Its officers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations are the Badge, Star, 
Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an open 
red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto "Imperatricis 
auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria Impera- 
trix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar but 
larger crown in the Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the 
Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
gold and silver rays ; for the Second CI ass these rays are all silver. The Collar, worn by the 
First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c, Companions 
attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
the Star. Designations, with limits (ex- Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.C.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A. B., K.C.I. E. ... 92 ^ „ 

3rd „ Companions The letters CLE. ... unlimited. 

The OLE. appointments each year are limited to 20 (40 in 1903) + vacancies through promotion (not death). 

The Royal Victorian Order.— This last of our Orders of Knighthood, which dates 
only from 1896, was designed as a recognition of personal services to Queen Victoria, 

w|W but since her decease it has been enormously increased in numbers, and 
•JPlPfL additions, in fact, are now made to it every few days. It had been anticipated, 

0&m on the contrary, that it would now have been wholly closed ; but our present 
I esteemed Monarch retains it under the nomenclature adopted by his mother, 

I g.c.v.o. -j. wag j ier fo^ig f. connect herself in some way personally with every one 

#of the many Orders or Decorations which she instituted. The Court Journal 
incidentally remarked that such had not been the practice of British Sovereigns 
before her; and the creations instituted by King Edward make it probable 
k.c.v.o. that such practice is now at an end. The Ordei under consideration comprises 
no fewer than five Classes, of which the istis to take precedence after G.C.I.E., the 2nd 
after K.C.I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelors, the 4th after C.I.E., and the 5th 
after D.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., styled "Commander," is 
superior to a C.B. (at first even to a Knight Bachelor). Higher than all these classes 
there is the Victorian Chain, which is regularly restricted to the Royal Family and its 
connections abroad, but was conferred upon the late Archbishop of Canterbury after 
the Coronation, and is also held by Lord Curzon of Kedleston. The numerous 
foreign members are Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on J une 20, the 
iay of her late Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and the Secretary, 
who are respectively the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Keeper of 
I the Brivy Purse for the time being. The decorations are the Badge, Star, and 
Ribbon. The Badge, for the 1st Class, is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, with 
i crimson oval in the centre containing the royal and imperial cipher and the name 
: ' Victoria," all in gold letters, the name being surrounded by a blue circle surmounted 
dv a crown ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but smaller, and for the 4th smaller 
still ; for the 5th it is the size of the 4th, but with the cross in frosted silver instead of 

I vhite enamel. The Star for the 1st Class is silver chipped, with eight points, and having 

I I smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 2nd Class it is in the form of a 
< Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having the reproduced Badge in 
I rosted silver instead of enamel : it is not worn by the three lower Classes. The Ribbon 
I s of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes— red, white, and red again ; for 
I ;he 1st Class it is 3! ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder to below the left 

6 4 


arm, having the Badge suspended to it ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is if ins. broad 
and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is 1^ ins. broad and attached to the 
left breast. The numbers of all the Classes are unlimited, and the following are the 
designations : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., Gr.C.V.O. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.V.O. 

3rd Commanders The letters C.V.Q. 

4th ,, Members 4th Class * ) m 1 4.1. Mirn 

5th Members 5th Class } The letters M ' V0 ' 

The Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order.— This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto "Nec aspera terrent " (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.C.H. (Knight Grand Cross of Hanover) — H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
K.O.H. (Knight Commander of Hanover— last, Sir Woodbine Parish, who died 1881). 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover— corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir"). 
Baron von Pawel-Rammingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country. 

Knights Bachelors. — In strict terms these do not constitute an " Order," though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 
have mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 
Knights were known simply as "Knights," or Equites Aurati; it must be added 
that "Bachelors" {Milites Bacchilarix) were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modern "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of " bas chevalier," as implying a lower 
rank of Knights than those who received the honour under the royal banner; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by James the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at his own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have." A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! 

A few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal system, 
and the possession of a Knight's fee or of a certain small amount of land not only gave a ! 
claim to but allowed no escape from the title. Still, though it might be a burden it was 
an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts the honour was I 
degraded as above, while the ancient requirement to provide troops for the King was 
still maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from the promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ,£100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the 12th of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished — the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for which they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1904 the fees on the letters patent (,£50) and on the warrant for the 
same {£10) were wholly abolished. 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
"Knight "or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 60) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming an Order. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland can create Knights Bachelors. 



o.m. Mil. 

o.M. Civ. 

Oedek of Merit,— King Edward in June 1902 instituted this Order, which at 
present occupies a very anomalous position* conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
ship of the Order of the Bath. It is designed as a very special distinction for 
men most eminent in any department whatever— war, science, literature, or art 
— without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens that of the 
twelve originally appointed, every one, with the exception of a late distinguished 
Royal Academician, was either a Peer, Knight, or Privy Councillor. The Order 
is limited in numbers to 24, with the addition of foreign Honorary Members, 
and its only Officer is the Secretary and Registrar, who is the Comptroller of 
the Lord Chamberlain's Department for the time being, the office of that 
Department being the Chancery of the Order. The Badge is a species of cross 
of red and blue enamel, and its inner portion bears the words " For Merit" in 
gold letters within a laurel wreath, the reverse containing the royal and 
imperial cipher : in the cases of naval and military men two silver swords with 
gilt hilts are added, and these cross each other, as shown in the cut. The whole is 
attached to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended by a broad ribbon of Garter-blue 
and crimson, and worn from the neck. The Secretary's badge has the substitution of 
two silver pens in the place of the swords. The Order has an anniversary day fixed 
for June 26 (that intended for the Coronation). Its designation is the letters O.M. 

The Distinguished Service Order.— In this also and some following Orders we may 
be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members being Companions only. The 
present Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian, 
the sequence of Companions &c. thus becoming — C.V.O., C.B., C.S.I., C.M.G., 
CLE., M.V.O. 4th Class, D.S.O., M.V.O. 5th Class. The Order under notice 
was instituted by her late Majesty in 1886, its purpose being the recognition 
of special services of commissioned officers in the Army and Navy. The Sovereign is at 
its head and its numbers are unlimited (now about 1650). Its Badge is a gold cross 
enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown surrounded by a wreath of 
laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground); on the reverse side there is 
now the cipher ER VII within a similar wreath : this is worn attached to the left 
breast by a red ribbon edged blue. Designation, the letters D.S.O. 

Imperial Service Order. — King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902, insti- 
tuted this Order. It is restricted to members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) 
branches of the Civil Service, and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, and Companions (not exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 425, 
of whom 250 may belong to the Home Services and 175 to the Colonial. Those 
of the former class must, as a rule, have rendered 25 years of meritorious 
and those of the latter 16 ; but these rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even 
subject to alteration. Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled Secretary and 
Registrar. The Badge is a medallion to be worn on the left breast, bearing on one side 
jlthe royal cipher, and on the other the words, "For Faithful Service," the lettering 
j being in dark blue enamel upon a shield of gold girt with a laurel wreath and sur- 
! mounted by a crown. (The minor honour of the Imperial Service Medal, like the 
(above, but of silver, is announced as designed for award to those who have served 
] the full terms icithout displaying any particular merit.) Designation, the letters I.S.O. 
j— We presume that this Order will eventually confer precedence next after the pre- 
ceding, but all those that follow are honours only and give no rank. 

The Royal Order op Victoria and Albert (for Ladies).— Instituted in 1862, and 
snlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880. It comprises Her Majesty Queen Alexandra and four 
Classes, of which the First consists of Princesses of the Royal Family with some foreign 
Queens, the Second of Royal ladies less nearly connected with our Royal Family, and 
he Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility of higher or lower rank. Badge, 
a the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, differing 
1 the width and jewelling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the fourth 
ubstitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
diich is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. Designation, the letters V.A. 

The Imperial Order of the Crown of India (for Ladies).— Instituted Jan. 1, 1878, 
ad for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. It 



consists of her present Majesty with some Royal Princesses, and the female relatives of 
Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection with India. 
Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an Heraldic Crown 
and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. Designation, the 
letters C.I. 

The Order of St. John of Jerusalem. — Though containing " Knights of Justice " 
and " of Grace," this Order is no more than an honorary title. Its Maltese prototype 
arose in the century of the Norman Conquest, and by about noo it wa3 established in 
England, making its headquarters the Priory of St. John in Clerkenwell, of which the 
ancient gateway still remains ; the Sisters of the Order were located at Bucklands in 
Somersetshire. It began as a voluntary confraternity for the relief of pilgrims to 
Jerusalem, and a similar object has all along been kept before it, its present English 
namesake having offshoots such as the St. John Ambulance Association and the British 
Ophthalmic Hospital at Jerusalem. A charter was granted to the British Order by Queen 
Victoria in 1888, its full title being therein given as " The Grand Priory of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England." Besides the above Knights it possesses 
Commanders, as well as Squires, Chaplains, Honorary Serving Brothers and Sisters, 
and Honorary Associates ; for its long string of officers we must refer to the Almanack. 
Its Badge is a Maltese Cross deeply cleft, with alternately a lion and a unicorn between 
the branches ; it is of gold or silver according to the grade, and is worn suspended from 
a black watered silk ribbon. Its medal, with a device like that of the Badge upon one 
side and a sprig of St. John's wort upon the other, is conferred for acts of gallantry 
involving risk of life. The fraternity may be described as a Protestant analogue to the 
Roman Catholic Order known as "The Knights of Malta" (hence the Maltese Cross), 
it having long settled in that island after migrating from Jerusalem to Acre and thence 
to Rhodes ; but the two are absolutely unconnected. 

Military Knights of Windsor.— A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, are granted a pension ranging from ^,"50 to ^130 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, confers no more of a title than does a suite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
Up till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
the will of S. Ti'avers, Esq. ), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
amounts to £7$ a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from 1349, 
having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
constituted "The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter" as it then was, and they 
continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
the Sovereign in his capacity as head of that Order ; they form part of an ecclesiastical 
college under its Registrar, the Dean of Windsor; their pay comes from the revenues 
of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every KG. has upon appointment to 
contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that of 
the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Fourth, who 
prefixed the word ' ' Military " to their title. Under Charles the First the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queen 
Elizabeth drew up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the year, and must attend St. George's Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides acting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 

The Victoria Cross was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of conspicuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displayed by 

# either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and file and 
non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field-Marshals 
and Admirals of the Fleet, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers ; the Militia also are now included if they have 
been serving under regular officers. Conjoined with the decoration is the confer- 
ment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of £10 per annum and an 
additional £5 for each Bar, as immediately to be explained ; and what is still more, 
this £10 may be increased to £$0 (at the option of the Secretary for War or First 
Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. The Badge consists in a cross-pattee of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion above it, and a scroll below bearing the words 



''For Valour." . Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 
ribbon is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The cross is usually styled 
" Maltese," but this cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the ends 
as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St. George, and the Royal 
Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never elove"n 
at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
as from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

The Conspicuous Service Cross (C.S.C.), instituted by King Edward in 1901, is also 
a decoration in reward of "distinguished service before the enemy," but is specially 
designed for bestowal on W arrant Officers and subordinate officers in the Fleet who do 
not hold commissions in the Navy. It consists of a silver cross with the reverse side 
plain, but on the obverse the cipher ERI surmounted by an Imperial Crown. 

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which has been very extensively awarded of 
late, is a similar decoration, confined to the rank and file of the Army. Its equivalent 
in the Navy is termed the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. 

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) is an honour for rewarding the 
meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must be or have been in 
commission and have served twenty years, though a provision is made allowing half the 
time spent mother military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 
Gazette. _ The Badge is an oak wreath in silver with the cipher ER and an Heraldic 
Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a 
silver oak bar-brooch. 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry in Saving 
Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
now two Classes, the Badge of the one having a golden centre with a bronze garter 
around it, that of the other being wholly in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an 
Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which in the Sea Division an anchor is added. 
The suspending ribbon in this Division i3 of dark blue, with four white stripes in the 
First Class and two in the Second ; in the Land Division it is crimson with similar 
white stripes. An added Bar records an additional act of gallantry. — Another 
"Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, is given by the Society of Arts, 

The Royal Red Cross (R.E.C.— for Ladies), founded 1883, is a distinction conferred 
upon ladies of any rank or position, whether subjects or foreigners, who may be brought 
to the Sovereign's notice for acts of mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of 
war. It has the Queen and several Royal Princesses at its head. Badge, a cross-pattee 
enamelled crimson which has hitherto borne her late Majesty's effigy in the centre on 
one side, on the reverse the cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words 
"Faith," "Hope," "Charity," "1883." The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied in a 
bow and worn on the left shoulder. 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the First 
Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 
State for India ; the Second as the grant of the Governor-General. The medal is an 
oval-shaped badge— in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second— with the 
Royal cipher on one side, and on the reverse side the words " Kaisar-i-Hihd — for 
Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blue ribbon. 
Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Order of Mercy (both sexes), established in 1904, with the King as its Sovereign, 
may be described as an official outgrowth of the League of Mercy, though this also is 
j a body having a royal charter. This League is an association in connection with King 
I Edward's Hospital Fund for London, and its members are expected to interest them- 
selves, both by contributions and personal service, on behalf of the sick and suffering. 
It possesses a Badge, consisting of a Geneva Cross in deep red enamel upon gold, with 
[ft small figure of Mercy in the centre: the "Order" substitutes a group of figures 

U 2 



I representing Charity*, and the cross is surmounted by the Prince of Wales's feathers; 
The Prince and Princess of Wales are the Grand President and Lady Grand President 
of both League and Order, and the Treasurer is Sir Henry Burdett, K.C.B* The 
"Order" has been awarded to a number of Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the 
League, and is conferable upon any of its members who have belonged to it for five | 
years or rendered any distinguished service. 

The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather than of title, I 
it being a head-dress which can legally be worn only by servants of royalty and of 
naval and military officers, diplomatists, and the lieutenants, deputy-lieutenants, and 
high sheriffs of counties. As worn by these its colour is black — circular with a 
projecting fan for military and semi-military men, and oval without fan for naval 
officers. Its introduction into England in these forms was due to the House of Hanover, 
those who adopted it signifying thereby their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of 
various colours had been here known long previous to their time. Under Charles the First 
there was a scarlet cockade, but under his son the colour was changed to white, and 
"the white cockade" became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (whose title " Prince of Orange," however, was derived from 
a small principality of that name now belonging to France). At that date "to mount 
the cockade " implied simply " to become a soldier, " the white or orange denoting the 
party. The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London in the foreign 
liveries of carriage attendants — black and white for Prussia; black, white, and red for 
Germany ; black and yellow for Austria ; blue and white for Bavaria ; the tricolour for 
France ; scarlet for Spain ; blue and white for Portugal ; and black, red, and yellow 
for Belgium. The word was borrowed from the French cocarde, having originally been 
applied to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian soldiers serving in the 
French army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of ribbons, came to be used 
in pinning up the flaps of the hat into a cocked position, and thus gradually the word 
passed < for the name of the " cocked " hat itself. (This paragraph is mainly based upon 
an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical Magazine for June 1899.) 

!(. INDIAN. 

The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders it 
desirable that some explanation of their titles as well as of their names should be 
supplied to English readers. For that which Ave here present, as also for a considerable 
amount of rearrangement in the Directory, we are indebted in the first place to 
Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffield, but formerly of Calcutta, the one as 
proprietor and editor of the Indian Daily News, and the other as a practising barrister 
in the Supreme Court. Their generous help has been supplemented and greatly 
extended by the kindness of Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. Burne, G.C.I.E. 

Taking up the names first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unfrequently a man has to be 
entered under the first of his names, be it "Christian" name or not. "In Bengal," 
says our informant, " a Hindu generally has three names, just as the old Roman had 
his prcenomen, nomcn, and cognomen. Hie first would be the personal name (' Christian' 
name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." Thus the 
order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, " Marcus Tullius Cicero " 
has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of the 
Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 
"some seeming to have no family name at all, as Khadia Bux = 'the gift of God ;'" 
to which may bo appended the range of variations from the lengthy ' Abdul Fayal 
Muhammad Abdur Rahman" to the single name "Buddhu." 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multiplicity. Here again we 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 
medans, the highest in rank with the former being Maharaja and with the latter Nawab, 
with the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Some titles are 

Native Eastern Names and Titles. 69 

hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those nominally such (and of these there are 
no less than some 620) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by our 
Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary. It must be added 
that though caste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with 
the titles. Some words, such as Amir and Khan, are confusingly used as both titles 
and names ; but we will now do our best to furnish a glossary of those occurring in 
this volume which have anything titular about them. 

Ahluwalia— Prince, head of a princely family. 
Akhundzada— son of a head officer. 

Amir (corruptly Emir)— a Mohammedan Chief, a man of high rank ; also often a personal name. 
Bab'i or Babu— lit. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Bahadur — lit. " noble," or " warrior : " a title much valued by Mohammedans and often bestowed by 
Government ; it strengthens other titles, but if standing alone it may designate a petty ruler. 
Bakhshi—a, Eevenue Officer or Magistrate. 

Begum— feminine of "Nawab," combined as " Nawab Begum " in Bhopal. 

Besar understood to mean a large land-owner. 

Bhup— a sovereign or king (used in one locality only), 

Badi — lit. "grandfather" (paternal): any venerable person. 

Deb— a Brahminical priestly title ; it is the name of a divinity. 

Dhiraj— "Lord of the Lands" (comp. "Besar"). 

Diwan — a First Minister to a native Mohammedan prince, a Vizier ; also a Council of State. 

Gaekwar or Guicowar — title of the ruler of Baroda, with "Maharaja " added (Hindu); it was once a 

caste name, and means " cowherd," implying, the protector of the sacred animal. 
Kazi — a J udge. 

Khan— orig. the ruler of a small Mohammedan State, now a prized but nearly empty title, and very 

commonly used as a name, especially as an adjunct to Afghan or Pathan names. 
Kunwar or Kumar — heir to a title. 

Lokindra—" Protector of the World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Duttia. 

Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hindus, or else a personal distinction con- 
ferred by Government. Maharaj Kumar, the heir of a Maharaja ; Maharana and Maharao 
are merely variants of Maharaja, of which Maharani is the feminine [maha = great). 

Mian— like the Scottish " Master " (son of a Rajput Prince). 

Mir— a chief or leader, an inferior title which, like " Khan," has grown into a name. 
Mirza— if prefixed, " Mr. ; " if following, " Prince." 
Moulvi — a learned man or teacher. 
Mudeliar—" Steward of the Lands." 
Myowun — " Mr." 

Nawab— orig. a Viceroy under the Mogul Government ; the title of a Mohammedan prince, inferior 

only to " Nizam ; " also a Government bestowal on men of high rank. 
Nizam — the title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the leading Mohammedan prince in India. 
Pandit or Pundit— a learned man. 

Baja— a Prince, a title given largely to Hindus of rank, similar to "Maharaja" but lower. It has 
the similar variations Raj, Rana, and Rao, also the feminine Rani, 

Saheb— the native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
" Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb," but in addressing it would be " Saheb," 
fern. " Saheba," without the name) ; occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master). The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

Sahibzada — son of a person of consequence. 

Said, Sat/id, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, Syud— various forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 

male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 
Sawai—a, Hindu title implying a slight distinction (lit. one-fourth better than others). 
Sawbwa — a chief. 
Shahzada — son of a Prince. 

Sirdar (properly Sardar)—a, leading Government official entrusted with either the civil or military or 
both departments of the State ; a chief or head man, or even a Grand Vizier. 

Sri or Shri — lit. fortune, wealth : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person whom they 
regard with special respect (never addressed iohim) ; used also of divinities. The two forms 
of spelling are occasioned by the intermediate sound of the s (that of s in the German Stadt). 

Talpur— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

Thakur—EbTL equivalent to " Raja," and also Hindu ; used locally in Central and N,W. India, 
Zemindar— & landowner. 


Most of the following have been kindly supplied us by the Earl of Cromer : 
Imh — see "Amir" of previous list. 
ferik — a Vice- Admiral. 

rhaly—Si word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in " Boutros Ghaly Pacha." 
I Caid-^ used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province* 
Wudir—& Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 
Taver— an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Yaver Pacha." 




The English College of Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate body originally- 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are appointed on the nomination of the 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remuneration, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive from 
private practice, though one Herald and one Pursuivant are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they are in no degree 
connected with either the Earl Marshal or Carter. The duty of the various Offices is 
to attend to all matters of pedigrees, honours, and precedence ; and to arrange all state 
ceremonies in their respective countries. The rank of the three English Kings remains 
invariably in the order given below, but that of the Heralds and Pursuivants changes 
with personal seniority. 

I The three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in the 
tabard or sleeveless coat — that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arms are 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak -leaves, and they 
wear gold collars of SS., which perhaps means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, one of the 
Kings tells us, is "hotly controverted " (the term occurs in Shakespeare's ' Henry VIII.,' 
Act iv., Scene i.) ; they aire assigned official arms to impale with their, own (for Garter 
see further under that Order). The Heralds have similar collars, but of silver; their 
designation is solely in connection with "heraldry," the trumpeters attending them 
i upon state ceremonies whenever the more ordinary function of a "herald "has to be 

List of Kings of Arms. 
(For see below. ) 
Garter— Principal lung for England. 

Clirenceux-for England E., W., & S. of the Trent. 
Norroy— for England North of the Trent. 

Lyon—iov Scotland. 
Ulster— for Ireland. 
* College of Arms, Queen Victoria St., E.C. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms 
Garter— Sir Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty, E.S.A. 
&larenceux— George Edwd. Cokayne, Esq., M.A., 

UorroM— William Hemy Weldon, Esq., C.V.O., 

Cluster — Henry Murray Lane, Esq. 
Lancaster — Edward Bellasis, Esq. 
Somerset — Henry Eamham Burke, Esq., C.V.O., 

E.S.A. {Registrar). 
Richmond— Chas. Harold Athill, Esq., E.S.A. 
Windsor— Win, Alex. Lindsay, Esq., K.C., M.A., 


Blueman tie— Gordon Ambrose De Lisle Lee, Esq. 
Rouge Dragon — Evcrard Green, Esq., V.P.S.A. 
Portcullis — Thos. Morgan Joseph- Watkin. Esq., 

Rouge Croix — Arthur Wm. Steuart Cochrane 


Earl Marshal's Sec, W. H. Weldon, Esq., 
(J.V.O. (Norroy King of Arms). 

Regist., H. F. Burke, Esq., C.V.O. (Somerset 

Lyon Court, General Register House, Edinburgh. 

King of Arms. 
Lyon— Sir James Balfour Paul, E. S.A.Scot. 


Albany— Robert Spence Livingstone, Esq. 
Ross— Andrew Eoss, Esq., Solic. to Snpr. Ct. 
Rothesay— Erancis Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., E.S.A. 
Scot. (Lyon Clerk). 

Carricli— William Eae Macdonald, Esq., E.S.A. 

Scot., Fell, of Fac. of Actuaries. 
March— Capt. Geo. Sitwcll Campbell-Swinton, 

E.S.A. Scot. 

Unicom — John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
E.S.A. Scot., Adv. 

Lyon Clerk and Keeper of Records— Francis 

Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A.Scot. 
Procurator Fiscal— David Scott-Moncrieff, 

Esq., W.S. 
Herald Painter — Graham Johnston, Esq. 
Macer — Robt. Gardiner, Esq. 


Office of Arms, Record Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms, 
Ulster-Sir Arthur Edwd. Vicars, K.C. V.O., F.S. A. 
Assist. Sees., Fras. R. Shackleton, Esq. ; 
Regd. M. Glencross, Esq.,B.A. 
Athlone— Henry Claude Blake, Esq.,M.V.O. (Priv. 
Sec. to Ulster King). 



The relative positions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this we meet with a statute passed under 
Henry the Seventh, and a more important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
which has since been looked upon as the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, there being no recognition of the 
high office of Prime Minister nor of Colonial Governors nor military and naval com- 
manders ; again, the sons of Peers' eldest sons nowhere occur. Hereditary precedence 
as a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
offspring. Men possessing two claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher : yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Barony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks to that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it will 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of his predecessor, as they themselves will 
have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official — as that of the 
Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session — confers no precedence whatever upon 
the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as only one degree lower than the 
younger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers any precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the Royal Family, while Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, ' Burke ' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marquesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of seniority of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 

Table of General Precedence — Men. 

The Sovereign. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Sovereign's grandsons. 
Sovereign's brothers. 
Sovereign's nephews. 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor. 
Archbishop of York. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Lord President of the Council. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Four following State Officers if Dukes : 
1, Lord Great Chamberlain, when on duty ; 2, Earl 
Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 
of Household. 
Dukes of England in order of dates of their patents. 
Dukes of Scotland. 
Dukes of Great Britain. 
Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 
Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Four State Officers as above if Marquesses. 
Marquesses of England &c, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Four State officers as above, if Earls. 
Earls, in same order as Dukes. 
Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Itoyal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Four State officers as above, it Viscounts. 
Viscounts, in same order as Dukes. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester 

{in that order). 
Other English Bishops, in order of consecration. 
Irish Archbishops and Bishops (either Prot. or R.C.). 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Four above Officers of State, if Barons. 
Secretaries of State and Irish Secretary, if Barons 
(Order— Home, Foreign, Colonial, War, India, Irish). 
Barons, in same order as Dukes. 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Treasurer of the Household. 
Comptroller of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State &c, below rank of Barons. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter if Commoners. 
Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of England. 
Master of the Rolls. 
Lords Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 
Judges of the High Court of J ustice. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronets of either Kingdom (concurrently). 
Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Indian Empire. 
Knights Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order. 
Knights Commanders of the above five Orders, 
in same sequence. 
Knights Bachelors. 
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Judges of County Courts and of City of Loud. Ct. 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Companions of first four of the above five Orders, in 
same sequence. 
Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Eldest sons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 
Members (Class 5) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Younger sous of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 



Knights of the Thistle and St. Patrick are wholly overlooked (Burke now inserts the 
latter next after the Garter), but as they are invariably of some other high rank the 
omission is of no practical consequence. We have omitted not only these, but also three 
or four offices which are now non-existent. In University Precedence we have Doctors 
(in the order— D.D. , D.C.L. or LL.D., M.D., Mus. D., D. Litt., D. Sc.), Bachelorsof 
the same faculties, then Masters of Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative 
Ranks of Army and Navy, see the Almanack. The order of Legal Precedence is, for 


the highest officials, given under the general list above ; but for the 
classes we must append the following after " Judges of the High Court > " 

Judge Advocate-General. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland. 
King's Counsel. 
Recorder of London. 
Common Serjeant of London. 
Attoraey-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 

Masters in Chancery 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Doctors of Civil Law. 
Barristers with patents of precedence. 
Other Barristers. 
King's Remembrancer. 

Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Irish Bishops :" 


Bishop of Sodor and Man, 
Scottish Bishops. 
Colonial Bishops. 
Bishopi? Suffragan, Retired, Assistant, and 
Missionary Bishops. 

Rectors of degree D.D. 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 

Precedence among Ladies, 

As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if mai'ried and of 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading " Nomenclature of 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- 
ticular, we may here repeat that whilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Lord, the 
married daughter of a Peer may either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to 
her former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 
so styled,_ see page 74) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. The mere official rank of the husband as a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of Ii eland. The following is the order observed : 

The Queen. 
The Princess of Wales. 
Sovereign's daughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 
Sovereign's granddaughters.* 
Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 
Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nieces. 
Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 
Duchesses (in order of Dukes). 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 
Daughters of Dukes. 

Wives of younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses. 
Daughters of Marqueese-.:. 
Wives of younger sons of Dukes. 
Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 
Daughters of Earls. 
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses. 

Wives of eldest sons of Viscounts. 

Daughters of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Earls 
Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 
Daughters of Barons. 
Maids of Honour. 
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Barons. 
Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Peers. 

Wives of Baronets. 
Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 
Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Older. 
Wives of Companions. 
Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. A T ict. Order. 
Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 
Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 
Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 
Wives of Members (5th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 
Wives of younger sons of Peers' younger sons. 
Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 
Wives of younger sons of Knights. 
Wives of Esquires. 
Wives of Gentlemen. 

* The daughters of the Princess Royal follow, all styled H.R.H. 



Local Precedence. 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
r £ n k m a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
the City of London the order is — Lord Mayor (on City state occasions he ranks next 
to the Sovereign ; in the County of London the Duke of Fife, as Lord Lieutenant, 
would have_ pre-eminence), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the 
Chair, Sheriffs, _ Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Remem- 
brancer (no position is yet assigned to the new office of Lieutenant, of which there are 
not far short of four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor 
first unless there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At 
Oxford and Cambridge the Sheriff takes precedence of the Vice- Chancellor. 

Precedence in Scotland. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord High Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly 
(while that Assembly is sittinp). 
The Duke of Rothesay (Pr. of Wales). 
Younger sons of the Sovereign. 
Grandsons, brothers, uncles, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 
Lords Lieutenant of Counties, Lord Provosts of Cities, 
and Sheriffs Principal (successively— within their 
own localities and during holding of office). 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively — if Peers). 
Hereditary High Constable. 
Hereditary Master of the Household. 
Lukes (successively) of England, Scotland, Gc. Britain, 
and United Kingdom (including Ireland since date of 

Eldest sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls, in order as Dukes, 
tounger sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if not Peers). 
Lord Justice-General. 
Lord Clerk-Register. 

Lord Advocate. 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 
Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 

Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 
Viscounts' eldest sous. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter. 
Privy Councillors not included in above ranks. 
Senators of Coll. of Justice (Lords of Session). 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Knights of the Thistle. 
Knights of St. Patrick. 
Knights of other Orders as in England. 
Solicitor-General for Scotland. 
Lyon King of Arms. 
Sheriffs Principal. 
Knights Bachelor. 
Sheriffs Substitute. 
Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons successively (from Garter to 

Members of Class 5 of Royal Victorian Order. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
King's Counsel. 

Precedence in Ireland. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord Lieutenant. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively), 
of the Sovereign. 
Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Archbishop of York. 
Archbishop of Armagh. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. 
Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 
together with Moderator Gen. Assemb. Presb. 
Ch. in Ireland. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 
Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord Great Chamberlain. Varied 
Earl Marshal. I as in 

Lord Steward of the Household. j Engld. 
Lord Chamberlain of ditto. J q.v. 
The Hereditary Seneschal of Ireland. 
Dukes, in same order as in England. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood RoyaL 
Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons, 
English Bishops as in England. 
Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic. 
Secretaries of State, if Barons. 

Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, 
Secretaries of State &c. if lower than a Baron (see 
General Table for order). 
Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 
General Commanding the Forces in Ireland. 
Attorney-General of Ireland. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 
[The English order from here holds good to Knights 
Bachelors, inserting "Judicial Commissioner of Irish 
Land Commission" after other Judges.] 

Solicitor-General of Ireland. 
Judges of Court of Bankruptcy. 
Judges of County Courts. 
Companions of Orders as in England, 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Provost of Trinity College. 
Doctors of Divinity. 

Doctors of Laws. 
Doctors of Medicine. 
. Esquires. 

Locally, the Lieut, of a County precedes the Sheriff. 



*#* For Conclusions of Letters see near the end of section. 

Admiral. — The title and name only, any other 
ascription following the office thus : " Vice- 
Admiral Lord A.," " Eear- Admiral the Earl of 
C." (or "the Hon. C. D."). So with other Naval 
and Ililitary Officers, q.v. 

Alderman.— If of London, and having passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Eight Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — "Your Excellency" (but a 
Duke "Your Grace "); " His Excellency Sir Y.Z., 
i H.B.M.'s Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of R." (but see Envoy 
or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

Archbishop. — " My Lord Archbishop," "Your 
| Grace," "His Grace [or "The Most Reverend"] 
| the Lord Archbishop of C. ; " in formal addresses 
} "The Most Reverend Father in God, John, by 
I Divine Providence, Archbishop of Canterbury ; " 

elsewhere, " by Divine Permission." (The Abp. 
I of Armagh is in Ireland styled "His Grace the 
i Lord Primate of All Ireland.") Wife, no title. 

[ Archdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
] repeating), "The Venerable A. B.," or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of C." 

Baron. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," " The 
Right Hon. Lord A." Baroness, "Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Right Hon. Lady A." 
(but "Baroness A." if the title is inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Right Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The " being understood as a substitute for " Rt. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Duke. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or " Madam," " The Hon. C. D." 
Son's wife, "The Hon. Mrs. D." or "The Hon. 
Mrs. John D.," unless her own rank is higher, in 
which case attend to Note on " Marriage of Peer- 
esses," at pp. 25-7 (no distinction for eldest son). 

Baronet. — "Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
rather too familiar to be used by inferiors), " Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Bt." preferred to "Bart"). 
Wife, "Madam," " Your .Ladyship," "Lady A." 
(without any Christian name unless she is a Lady 
by birth, as daughter of a Duke, Marquess, or 
Earl, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ;" if 
daughter of a Viscount or Baron, "The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The"— see preceding paragraph). For widow, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 

Bishoi\ — "My Lord," " Your Lordship," " The 
Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;" formally, 
" The Right Reverend Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial Bps. the same, and so also 
by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even Missionary Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Reti red Bishop, " The Right Reverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but "My Lord." 
The Bishop of Meath takes the style of " Most 
Reverend," and so all Irish Roman Catholic 

Canon.— "Reverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating), 
"The Reverend Canon B." 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen. — "Reverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Eev. E. F.," "The Rev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Rev. the Hon." (so " Right 
Rev. the Hon.," " Rev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than "Hon. and Rev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
sometimes find the form "The Rev. and Hon." 

Companions of Knighthood.— No distinc- 
tion : "E. F., Esq., C.B." So with a C.V.O. 

Consul.— "B. C.,Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul at D." 

Countess.— See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords.— Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other sons, 
see under Duke &c. 

Dean.— "Very Reverend Sir," "Mr. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Rev. the Dean 

Divorced Lady. — In her maiden name, but 
with " Mrs." instead of " Miss" (no retention of 
any former title whether claimed or not). If 
divorced on her own petition the presumption 
would seem to be that she would be eager to be 
quit of the obnoxious name ; but in spite of its 
gross inconsistency the retention appears to be 
the more customary course, and that even when 
merely the surname and not an actual title 
is concerned. Of course no such title would be 
recognised at Court, but the recent Cowlev case 
has elicited a judgment from the House of Lords 
that, while such assumption can have no legal 
right, its conventional adoption cannot be inter- 
fered with by a Court of Law, and can only be 
dealt with by the Committee of Privileges of that 
Assembly. See further under "Divorcees" on 
p. 27. 

Dowager Ladies.— Directions for the correct 
use of the term "Dowager" or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 27. 
The forms of address will then be such as "The 
Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," " The 
Right Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," " Her Grace 
the Dowager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for " Rt. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or "Emily, Lady E." A Knight' 's widow suffers 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
wife where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 23) a Christian name can 
be prefixed to "Lady" when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager " shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We venture to recommend that 
it should follow when the name or title is not 
expressed (as "the Duchess Dowager," "The 
Lady Dowager"), but precede when that title is 
given (as "The Dowager Duchess of A.," "The 
Dowager Countess of [or "Lady"] B."). 
We once even met with an advertisement com- 
mencing " Dowager the Lady H. will gladly," &c. | 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title. 

Duke.— "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble "] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally, " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGraee." Duchess, "Madam," " YourGrace," 
" Her Grace the Duchess of A." For widow, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as'if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see under 
" Courtesy Titles," p. 24, and again address pre- 
cisely as if their father was au actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger son, "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," " The Lord Henry C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C." unless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The Lady Sophia" will again 
be correct. For the status of married daughters of 
Dukes and other Peers, see art. on pp. 25-7. The 
prefix " Right Honourable " is by courtesy 
assigned to younger sons and all daughters of 
Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughters of 
Earls (i.e., to those taking the title "Lord" or 
"Lady"), but it is seldom used in any of these 
cases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Right Hon. the Earl of A." Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Emperor. — " Sire," " Your Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy.— " A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of B." 

General. — See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony.—" His Excellency Sir 
A B., the Governor of D." (if a Duke "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
' 4 Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colony). 

Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles like 
: ' The O'Donoghue " are complete without " Mr." 
)r " Esq." Wives are addressed as " Madam." 

Judge of a County Court and of City ok 
London Court. — "Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
jench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 
•etirement) . 

Judge of Superior Court. — " Sir," "My 
LiOrd" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
not after retirement). If a Peer, address as such. 

Justice of the Peace. — Officially, " Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King. — "Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence " Sire," or, 
' May it please Your Majesty." 

King's Counsel. — "A. B., Esq., K.C." 

Knight.— As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
he correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
mitting any affix, though " Knight " is appended 
a formal style. Wife also as Baronet's? For a 
ndow, see under Dowager Ladies. 

Knight of the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
'atrick. — A Peer bearing either of these titles 
Should have the respective initials appended to 
is name— in fact, the initals of any Order. 

Lord Advocate. — " Sir," " The Right Honour- 

Lord of Appeal. — As other Barons. So wife, 
I ad now so children also. 

I Lord Chancellor. — "My Lord," "Your 
ordship," "The Right Hon. the Lord High 


Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "The 
Rt. Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland). — "Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Right Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E."). — Distinguish "Lord of Ap- 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency ["Grace," if a Duke] the Lord Lieutenant," 
and according to rank. Wife, " Her Excellency " 
(see " Precedence among Ladies"). 

Lord Mayor. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," 
"The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Right Hon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness. 

Lord Provost. — " My Lord ; " in Edinburgh, 
"The Right Hon. the Lord Provost;" in 
Glasgow &c, " The Hon." Wife, as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland). — "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship." "The Hon. Lord A." Wife, 
" Madam," " Your Ladyship," " The Hon. 
Lady A." 

Magistrate. — See Justice. 

Maid of Honour. — "Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss"). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank). — "My Lord," 
" Your Ladj'ship," " The Most Noble the Baron 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," "My 
Lord," "Your Lordship," "The Most Hon. the 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of 
" Most Noble ") . Marchioness, " Madam," " Your 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. Sons &c, 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. 

Master (Scottish). — " The Hon. the Master of," 
and as Barons' sons. 

Master of the Rolls. — "Sir," "My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Right 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) 

Mayor.— " Sir," "The Worshipful the Mayor 
of D.," in a few cities "Right Worshipful." 
Wife, no distinction. 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. 
23). — " The Honourable." Wife, no distinction. 

Member of Parliament. — No distinction as 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c, when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — "Sir," "A. B., Esq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or "Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy. 

Moderator of General Assembly (Scotland). 
—"Right Reverend Sir," "The Right Reve- 

Officers, Naval and Military.— See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Army and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing R.A., R.E., R.N., &c, when 
correct. When the prefix "Honourable" occurs 
there is not even in practice the same licence as 
under Clergymen, but the arrangement must be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt." implies 
' ' Honorary Captain. ' ' 

Premier.— According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty's Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland). — 
" Most Reverend Sir," " The Most Reverend the 
Lord Bishop of C." (or " Most Rev. Bishop A."). 


Prince or Princess. — " Your Royal Highness," 
" His [Her] Royal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B.") 
Commence " Sir , " or " Madam . " 

Principal of a Scottish College. — "Very 
Reverend " (if in orders) . 

Privy Councillor.—" Right Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Co m mence "Sir," 
or according to rank. 

Queen. — " Your Majesty," "The Queen's 
Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 

Recorder. — "Sir," "Your Worship," "The 
Worship fid ; " but in London, " Right Worship- 

Secretary of State. — " His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
prefixing rank, if any. 

Serjeant-at-Law. — " Mr. Serjeant A." 

Sheriff of London.— As Recorder of ditto. 

Speaker.— " The Right Honourable the 

Viscount.— " The Right Hon. the Viscount 
[or "the Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a 
Baron. Viscountess, " The Right Hon. the Vis- 
countess A." Son or daughter, precisely as under 

Widows.— See Dowager Ladies. 

Conclusions of Letters.— As these are too 
lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. — '"I remain. Sir, with the greatest 
respect, Your Royal Highness's most dutiful and 
most obedient servant." 

Duke or Archbishop. — "I have the honour to 
be, My Lord Duke [Archbishop] , Your Grace's 
most obedient and humble servant." 

Other Peer. — "I have the honour to be, My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Peer's Son or Daughter. — If styled "Lord" or 
"Lady," "I have the honour "to be, My Lord 
[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If " Honourable," 
"I have the honour to be, Sir [Madam], your 
obedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, or Judge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be, 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but "Very Reverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman. — 1 ' I am, Reverend Sir, your obedient 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c. — 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below), Sanitary, and School 
Boards, County Councils, &c, may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies.—" The Worshipful." 

Gen. Assembly of Church of Scotland. — "The 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Leland in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Lords.— "The. Right Honourable the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c, as 

Inns of Court.— "The Honourable Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners. — "The Right Honour- 

Presbyteries.— " The Reverend." 
Provincial Synods (Scotland),— " The Very 


Beware of confounding the following groups : 
Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdour, Ld. 
Addington, Bn., and Haddington, E. 
Alington and Allerton, Bus. 
Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bn. 
Annaly, Bn., and Annesley, E. 
Arbuthnott, V., and Arbuthnot, Bt. and Kt. 
Arundel and Surrey and Arundell of Wardour. 
Ashburnham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 
Ashton and Ashtown, Bns. 

Barrington, V., Carrington, E., and Harring- 
ton, E. 

Beaumont, Bnss., and Bowmont, M. 

Brooke (Warwick) and Brooks (Crawshaw), sums. 

Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 

Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh, Ld. 

Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 

Balfour of Burleigh. 
Camden, M., and Campden, V. 
Castlestewart, E. (see note there), and Stuart of 

Castle Stuart, Bn. 
Clandeboye and. Claneboye, both titles of M. of 


Clanmaurice, V., and Clanmorris, Bn. 

Clifden, V., Clifton Ld. and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 

Clifford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 

Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 

Desart and Dysart, Earls. 

Dudley, E., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 

Ebrington and Errington, Viscts. 

Eliot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Minto), sums. 

Emly, Bn., and Emlyn, V. 

Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), sums. 
Fitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and FitzMaurice (Ork- 
ney), sums. 

Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzRoy (Grafton), 

Forester, Eng. Bn., and Forrester, Scot. 

French (De Freyne)and Ffrench (Ffrench), sums. 

Galloway, E., and Gal way, V. 

Garioch, Ld., and Garnock, V. 

Giffard (Halsbury) and Gifford (Gifford), sums. 

Gilford, Bn., and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., Guilford, E., and Guildford, Bp. 
Glenesk and Glauusk, Bns. 
Gray, Bnss., and Grey, E. and Bt. 
Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 
Harberton, V., and Hatherton, Bn. 
Hepburn-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepburne- 

Scott (Polwarth), sums. 
Herschell,Bn., and. Herschel, Bt. 
Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 
Killala and Killaloe, Ir. Bprics. 
Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Ejnnear, Bns., and 

Kynnaird, V. 
Kingsborough, V., and Kingsburgh, Ld. of Sessn. 
Kinloss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 
Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 

Cautions as to Spelling, &c. 


Lawless (Cloncurry) and Lawley (Wenlk.), sums. 
Lawrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 

(Howth), sums. 
Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 

(Leigh), sums. 
Lifford, V., and Lilford, Bn. 
Lindsay, Scot. E., and Lindsey, Eng. ; Lindley, 


Lisle and De L'Isle, Bns. 

Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham), 

Manners and Manners of Haddon, Bns., and 

Manvers, E. 
Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 
Marsham, V. and sum., and Masham, Bn. 
Massey (Clarina) and Massy (Massy), sums. 
Meldrum, Bn., and Melgund, V. 
Melville, V., and Leven & Melville, E. 
Middleton, Bn., and Midleton, V. 
Milles (Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), surns. 
Milltown, E., and Milton, V. 
Moncreiff ,Bn., Moncreiff e, Bt., and Moncrieff , Kt. 
Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. ofSligo). 
Montgomerie, Ld. (and sum. of Eglinton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Morton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmorres, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 
Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Braybrooke), 


Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. 
Oakeley, Bt. and Kt., and Oakley, Sir Hy. 
Orford, Earl ; Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay and De Bamse"y, Bns. 
Roden, Earl, Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
Rolle, Rollo, and Rolls, all surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bn., Ross, V., Rosse, E. 
Sackville and Savile. Bns. 

St. John of Bletso, Bn., and Bolingbroke & St. 

John, V. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. 
Stanley, Ld., son of E. of Derby, and Stanley of 

Alderley, Bn. 
Sudley, V., and Sudeley, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran). 
Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and Wynn 

(Newburgh), surns. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles : 

























The following crossings of surnames with titles are worth noticing : 
Aldington (Vise. Sidmouth) ; Addington, Bn. {Hubbard). 
Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. [Bruce). 
Brownlow (Bn. Lurgan) ; Brownlow, Earl [Gust). 

Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; Chichester, E. of (Pelham). 

CUfion (Bn. Grey de Ruthyn); Clifton, Bnss. (Bligh). 

Clinton (D. of Newcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. [Hepbitrn-S.-F.-Trefusis). 

Grey (Earls Grey and of Stamford) ; Grey de Ruthyn, Bn. [Clifton). 

Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun) ; Hastings, Bn. [Astley). 

Howard (several Peers) ; Howard de Walden, Bn. [Ellis). 

Lindsay (E. of Crawford) ; Lindsay, E. of [Bethune). 

Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst) ; Mansfield, E. of [Murray). 

Marjoribanks (Bn. Tweedmouth) ; Marjoribanks, Bny. [Bobertson). 

Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville) ; Melville, Vise. (Dundas). 

Norton (Bn. Grantley) ; Norton, Bn. (Adderley). 

Sackville (E. De La Warr) ; Sackville, Bn. [Sackville- West). 

Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. [Savile-Lumley). 

Sinclair (E. of Caithness) ; Sinclair, Bn. [St. Clair). 

Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan) ; Somerset, D. of [St. Maur). 

Spencer-Churchill (D. of Marlborough) ; Churchill, Vise, and Spencer, Earl [Spencer). 

Willcughby (Bn. Middleton and E. of Ancaster) ; Willoughby de Broke, Bn. [Verney). 



His Most Excellent Majesty Albert Edward, bearing the title "EDWARD 
the SEVENTH, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of 
the Faith, Emperor of India ; " Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha; Sovereign of the British Orders of Knighthood ; a Field-Marshal in the Army 
and Honorary Admiral of the Fleet ; Col. in Chief of the Household Cavalry (Life and 
Horse Guards), and of the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, and Irish Guards, the 
Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, the ioth Hussars, the Gordon Highlanders, and 
numerous other Home and Indian Corps, Captain- General of the Hon. Artillery 
Company, &c, &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., Mus.D., has been an Elder Brother of Trinity 
House, a Bencher of the Middle Temple, a Trustee of the British Museum, &c. : eldest 
son and eldest surviving child of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria and of His late 
Royal Highness Albert, Prince Consort ; born at Buckingham Palace Nov. 9, 1841 ; 
succeeded to the Throne (in his 60th year) Jan. 22. 1901 ; crowned at Westminster Abbey 
Aug. 9, 1902; married (at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 1863) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Luise Julia of Denmark, now Her 
Majesty Queen Alexandra, Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 
Mus. D. (eldest daughter of H.M. King Christian IX. and sister of H.I.M. the 
Dowager Empress of Russia) ; bom Dec. 1, 1844. 

Residences.— Windsor Castle and Frogmore House (private property) , Windsor ; St. James's and 
Buckingham Palaces, London; Sandringham Hall (private), Norfolk; Balmoral (private), and Aber- 
geldie Castle, Ballater R.S.O., Aberdeenshire ; Holyrood House, Edinburgh; also (though not occupied 
personally) Kensington, Kew, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; and the Palaces of Falkland 
and Lochmaben and Castles of Bothesay, Dunstali'nage, Dunoon, and Carrick, all in Scotland ; and 
The Castle, Dublin. (Osborne House, I. of Wight, has been presented by His Majesty to the nation.) 


1 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Albert "Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence 

and Avondale and Earl of Athlone {U.K. 1890), K.G., K.P. : born at Frogmore House, 
Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864; died at Sandringham, Jan. 14, 1892. 

2 II. H.R.H. Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Prince of WALES, heir apparent to, 

the Crown (created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; Duke of Cornwall, 
in Peerage of England, 1337 : Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killarney,! 
U.K. 1892; Duke of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, 1 
and Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage of Scotland, 1469) ; Duke of ; 
Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.S.I., 
G.M.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O.,I.S.O.,LL.D.,D.C.L.,F.R.S. ; Vice-Adm. in the Navy, 
Personal Nav. A.D.C. to the King, Gen. in the Army (Supernumerary), Col.-in-Chief of 
Royal Marine Forces, of the Royal Fusiliers, of the Cameron Highlanders, the King's 
Roy. Rifle Corps, the Duke of York's Own (Indian), and the 18 Regts. of Australian Lt. 
Horse; Hon. Col. of the King's Colonials, of the 1st Bengal Lancers, and of various 
Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteer troops; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and 
Keeper of Dover Castle ; Grand Master of the Order of St. Michael and St. George ; 
Chanc. of the Univs. of Wales and the Cape, Grand Prior of Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem, Master of Trinity House, High Steward of Plymouth and Reading, Pres. 
of the Roy. Acad, of Music, the Roy. Coll. of Music, and the Soc. of Arts, and a 
Bencher of Lincoln's Inn : bom at Marlborough House, June 3, 1865 ; married (at 
St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893) his second cousin once removed,* Princess Victoria 
Mary ("May") of Teck, V.A., OX, Mus.D. (nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta 
Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes: born May 26, 1867 — see 102). Residences — 
Marlborough House, Pall Mall ; York House, St. James's ; York Cottage and 
Dersingham Hill House, Sandringham; Frogmore House, Windsor; and Craigowan, 
Ballater R.S.O., Aberdecnsh. Issue: 

* The Prince and Princess have this relationship through King Edward and Queen Alexandra also— the former 
as traceable in No. 107, and the latter through the late Queen of Denmark having been a niece of the 1st Duke 
of Cambridge's wife, Augusta of Heese. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 


3 i\ H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of 

Wales, Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : born at 
White Lodge, Sheen, June 23, 1894. 

4 2. H.R.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Wales: born at York 

Cottage, Sandringham, Dec. 14, 1895. 

5 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary of Wales: born at York 

Cottage, April 25, 1897. 

6 4. H.R.H. Prince Henry William Frederick Albert of Wales: bc-n at York 

Cottage, March 31, 1900. 

7 5. H.R.H. Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund of Wales : born at York 

Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. 

8 6. H.R.H. Prince John Charles Francis of Wales : bom at York Cottage, July 12, 1905. 

9 III. H.R.H. the Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria 

Alexandra Dagmar), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born 
Feb. 20, 1867; declared Princess Royal Nov. 9, 1905; married (July 27, 1889) to Alex- 
ander William George, 1st Duke of Fife, K.T., P.C. (born Nov. 10, 1849— see " Fife " in 
Directory : married as an Earl, created Duke at the wedding breakfast). Issue : 

10 1. H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise (Duff) : born May 17, 


1 1 2. H.H. Princess Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha (Duff) : born April 3, 1893. 

12 IV. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., 

a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : bom July 6, 1868. 

13 V. H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway (H.R.H. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of the 

United Kingdom) , V.A., a Lady of Justice of St. John of J erusalem : bom Nov. 26, 1869 ; 
married (July 22, 1896) to H.R.H. Prince Charles of Denmark, now H.M. Haakon VII., 
King of Norway (Christian Friederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. 
[both Hon.], Hon. Com. in Brit. Navy, 2nd son of the Crown Prince of Denmark ; 
born Aug. 3, 1872) ; elected King of Norway 1905. 

14 1. H.R H. Olaf, Crown Prince of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Christian 

Frederick of Denmark) : born July 2, 1903. 

15 VI. The deceased Prince Alexander John Charles Albert of Wales : born and died April 

6 & 7, 1871. 


16 I. H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany (in full, Empress and .Queen 

Frederic of Germany and Prussia) ; nee H.R.H. Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa), 
Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe- 
Coburg and Gotha, V. A., C.I. : born at Windsor Castle, Nov. 21, 1840; died at ~Frie&- 
richshof Aug. 5, 1901 ; having been married (at St. James's Palace, Jan. 25, 1858) to 
the late Friedrich Wilhelm Nicolaus Carl, Crown Prince of Prussia, and afterwards 
H.I.M. Frederic III., German Emperor and King of Prussia, K.G. (only son of 
H.I.M. the late Emperor William I. : bom Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9, 1888, to June 
15 of the same year, when he died) . Issue : 

17 1. H.I.M. William II. (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert), German Emperor and 

King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, &c, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 27, 1859 ; succeeded to the two Thrones on the death of his father as above ; 
married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princass Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Son- 
derburg-AuGUSTENBURG, V.A. {nee H.S.H. Princess Auguste Victoria Friederike 
Luise Feodora Jenny : bom Oct. 22, 1858— see 273). Residences— The Marble 
Palace, Potsdam, near Berlin, &c. Issue: 

18 (1) H.I. & R.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst), K.G. : bornMay6, 1882; 
married (1905) to H.H. (now H.R.H.) the Duchess Cacilie Augustine 
Marie (bom Sept. 20, 1886), sister of H.R.H. the Grand Duke of Meck- 

19 (2) H.R.H. Prince Eitel-Frederick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Friedrich 

Christian Carl) : born July 7, 1883. 

20 (3) H.R.H. Prince Adalbert of Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) : 

bom July 14, 1884. 

21 (4) H.R.H. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (August Wilhelm Hejniich 

Gunther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887. 

22 (5) H.R.H. Prince Oscar of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav Adolf) : born July 27, 


23 (6) H.R.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Franz Humbert) : born Dec. 

17, 1890. 

24 (7) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Louisa of Prussia (Victoria Luise Adelheid 

Mathilde Charlotte) : born Sept. 13, 1892. 

25 2. H.R.H. Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Victoria 

Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia), V.A.: born July 24, i860 ; married 
(1878) to H.H. Bernhard Friedrich Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Hereditary Prince 
of Saxe-Meiningen, G.C.B. (son of Duke George II. by his first marriage [see 
288], and born April 1, 1851).- Residence — Meiningen. Issue: 

26 (1) H.S.H.Feodora, Princess Heinrich of Reuss (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Victoria Auguste Marianne Maria., of Saxe-Meiningen) : born May 12, 


The Royal Family. 

1879; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XXX. of Reuss, 

G.C.V.O. Residence — Flensburg. 
§7 3. H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert Wilhelm Heinrich), K.G., G.C.B., Hon. 

Vice-Admiral in the British Fleet \ born Aug. 14, 1862 ; married (1888) his first 
cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.E.H.) Princess Irene Luise Marie Anna of Hesse, 
V.A. (born July 11, 1866— see 51). Residence— Royal Palace, Kiel. Issue: 

28 (1) H.R.H. Prince Waldemar Wilhelm Ludwig of Prussia : born March 20, 1889. 

29 (2) H.R.H. Prince Sigismund (Wilhelm Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : born 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

30 4. H.R. & S.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe (Princess Friederike 

Amalie Wilhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V.A. : born April 12, 1866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Prince Adolf Wilhelm Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, G.C.B. 
(bom July 20, 1859). Residence— Bonn. 

31 5. H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta (Princess Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice of 

Prussia), V.A., R.R.C. : born June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering Greek 
Church 1891) to H.R.H. Constantine (Konstantinos), Duke of Sparta, Prince 
Royal of Greece, G.C.B. (born Aug. 2, 1868, n.s.). Residence— Dekeleia Castle, 
near Athens. Issue : 

32 (1) H.R.H. Prince George of Sparta (Georgios), G.C.B. : born July 19, 1890. 

33 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alexander of Sparta (Alexander) : born Aug. 1, 1893. 

34 (3) H.R.H. Princess Helena of Sparta (Helene) : born May 2, 1896. 

35 (4) H.R.H. Prince Paul of Sparta (Paulos) : born Dec. 14, 1901. 

36 (5) H.R.H. Princess Eirene of Sparta : born Feb. 13, 1904. 

37 6. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margarete Beatrice 

Feodora of Prussia), V.A. : born April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince 
Friedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hesse, G.C.B. (son of H.R.H. the late 
Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and born May 1, 1868). Residence — Frankfort- 
on-Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue : 

38 (1) H.H. Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Sigismund Victor of Hesse: lorn Nov. 

23, 1893. 

39 (2) H.H. Prince Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Eduard of Hesse : 

born Oct. 20, 1894. 

40-1 (3 & 4) T.H. Princes Philipp and Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse : twins, born 

Nov. 6, 1896. 

42-3 (5 & 6) T.H. Princes Richard Wilhelm Leopold and Christoph Ernst August 

of Hesse : twins, born May 14, 1901. 

44 II. H.R. & G.D.H. the late Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of 

the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A. : born at Buckingham Palace, April 25, 1843 ; married (at Osborne, 1862) to the 
late Prince Louis, afterwards H.R. & S.H. Louis IV. (Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm), 
Reigning Grand Duke of Hesse and of the Rhine, K.G. (born Sept. 12, 1837; granted 
title of "Royal Highness " by English warrant, 1862 ; died March 13, 1892) ; died Dec. 
14, 1878 (the 17th anniversary of the death of her father). Issue: 

45 1. H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde 

Alberta Marie of Hesse), V.A. : born April 5, 1863; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Louis (Ludwig Alexander), Prince of Battenberg, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., 
K.C.M.G.. Rear-Adm. R.N., Personal Naval A.D.C. to H.M., Commander of 
2nd Cruiser Squadron, and an Elder Brother of Trinity House (born May 24, 
1854). Issue: 

46 (1) H.R.H. Princess Andrew of Greece (nee Princess Victoria Alice Elisabeth 

Julie Marie of Battenberg) : born Feb. 25, 1885 ; married (1903) to 
H.R.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. (born Jan. 20, 
1882). Residence — Athens. 

47 (2) Princess Louisa of Battenberg (Luise Alexandra Marie Irene) : born July 

13, 1889. 

48 (3) Prince George of Battenberg (Ludwig Victor Georg Heinrich Sergius) : 

born Nov. 6, 1892. 

49 (4) Prince Louis of Battenberg (Albert Victor Nikolas Franz Ludwig) : 

bom June 25, 1900. 

50 2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Sergius of Russia (nee 

H.G.D.H. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : born 
Nov. 1, 1864; married (1884, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the late 
Grand Duke Sergius Alexaudrovitch of Russia. G.C.B., Major-General in the 
Russian Army (born May 11, 1857, assassinated Feb. 17, 1905 ; uncle of the Tsar). 
Residence -Moscow. 

51 3. H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (nee H.G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 

Anna of Hesse), V.A. : born July 11, 1866; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, K.G. (born Aug. 14, 1862— see 27). 

52 4. H.R.H. Ernest Louis (Ernst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm), Reigning Grand Duke 

of Hesse and of the Rhine (" bei Rhein"), K.G., G.C.B., Major-General in the 
German Army : born Nov. 25, 1868 ; succeeded his father 1892 ; married, 1st (1894), 
his first cousin H.R.H. Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I., 
see 62, but the marriage was dissolved Dec. 1901 ; 2ndly (1905), Princess Eleonore 
Ernestine Marie of Solms-Hoiiensolms-Lich (born Sept. 17, 1871). Residence — 
New Palace, Darmstadt. Issue: 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 81 

53 5- H.I.M. AlexandraFedorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa* of Eubsia,V.A. (raeeH.G.D.H. 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse) : born June 6, 187a ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.LM. Nicholas II. Alexandrovitch, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Bussjas, 
Tsar of Moscow, Kiev, &c, K.G. {boi-n May 18, 1868, k.s. ; succeeded his faHiev 
Nov. 1, 1894). Besidences— "Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, and Alexander 
Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, near thereto. Issue : 

54 (1) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga Nicolaievna of Eussia : lorn Nov. 15, 1895. 

55 (2) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Tatiana Nicolaievna of Eussia: 60m June 10,1897. 
55 (3) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nicolaievna of Eussia : born June 26, 1899. 

57 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Axastasia Nicolaievna of Eussia : born June 

17, 1901. 

53 (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitcii of Eussia, Tsarevitcii or 

Heir Apparent to the Throne : born Aug. 12, 1904. 

59 III. H.E.H. the late Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony, K.G., K.T., K.P., &c. ; Admiral of the Eleet : born at Windsor Castle, 
Aug. 6, 1844 ; succeeded his uncle H.H. Ernest II. Aug. 22, 1893 (the Prince of Wales, 
now King Edward, having in 1863 renounced his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 
1900, having married (at St. Petersburg, Jan. 23, 1874) H.I.H. (now H.I. & E.H.) the 
Grand Duchess Marie Alexandeovna of Eussia, V.A., C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. 
the late Alexander II., and sister of Alexander III., Emperors of Eussia, and born. 
Oct. 17, 1853). Eesidence— Coburg. Issue: 

60 1. H.E.H. the late Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of 

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born Oct. 15, 1874 ; died Feb. 6, 1899. 

61 2. H.E.H. Princess Ferdinand of Eoumania (Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of 

Saxe-Coburg &c), V.A., C.I. : born Oct. 29, 1875; married (1893) to H.E.H. 
Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad, Prince of Eoumania, G.C.B. {born Aug. 24, 
1865— see 168-72, where their four children are given). 

62 3. H.E.H. Victoria Melita, Princess of Saxe-Coburg, &c, V.A., C.I. : born in Malta, 

Nov. 25, 1876; married (1894) to her first cousin H.E.H. Ernest Louis, Grand 
Duke of Hesse, K.G. (see 52), marriage dissolved Dec. 1901 ; she was re-married 
(Oct. 8, 1905) to the Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovitch of Eussia {born 1876), 
1st cousin of the Tsar, who, for thus allying himself with the Tsar's sister-in-law, 
was deprived of his military honours and banished. 

63 4. H.E.H. Alexandra, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Princess 
Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c): born Sept. 1, 1878; 
married (1896) to H.S.H. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 
and Eegent of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha {born Sept. 13, 1863— see 256-60, where 
their four children are given) . 

5. H.E.H. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 
April 20, 1884. 

65 IV. H.E.H. Helena, Princess Christian of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 
burg+ (Princess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony 
and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, V. A., C.I., E.E.C.: born at Buckingham Palace, 
May 25, 1846 ; married (at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, 1866) to H.E.H. Prince 
Christian (Friedrich Christian Carl August) of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg- 
Augustenburg, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O., a General in the British Army, High Steward 
of Windsor, and a Personal A.D.C. to H.M. {born Jan. 22, 1831 ; created " Eoyal 
Highness " by English warrant 1866, his sons and daughters being " Highness"). Resi- 
dences —Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park ; Schomberg House, Pall Mall, S.W. Issue: 

66 1. H.H. the late Prince Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernest Antony of Schleswig- 
Holstein, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Africa) : born April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, 1900. 

67 2. H.H. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 

stein, G.C.B. (Civ.), G.C.V.O. : born Feb. 26, 1869. Residence— Potsdam. 

58 3. H.H. Princess Victoria Louise Sophie Auguste Amelie Helena of Schleswig-Hol- 
stein, V.A., C.L.E.E.C, Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the League) : born 
May 3, 1870. 

4. H.H. Princess Francisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christine Helene of 
Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I. : born Aug. 12. 1872; was 1891-1900 "Princess 
Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved by joint request to suit a 
new family law of that Ducal house. Residence— 2\ Queensberry Place, S.W. 
V. H.E.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Akgyll (Louise Caroline Alberta), a Princess of 
the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 

* The common form " Czarina " has no warrant in Russian. As to the cz or is, the latter precisely represents the 
iginal, and now that it is coming so largely into use it is certainly far preferable : the form " czar " is used by the 
•ench, perhaps borrowed by them from the Hungarian, in which tongue alone cz has the sound of ts. It may 
re be added in reference to " I'edorovna " that the termination -vna implies " daughter of " j ust as -vitch implies 
ion of," the "Pedor" (not" Feodor," which is the German form) here being the regular Russian equivalent to 
Medrich," thai name of the father having been preferred to the preceding " Ludwig," the corresponding form 
which would have been "Ludovic." As to the use of v or w in transliterating from Russian characters, the v is 
erect for English use and iv only for German. . 

In the ' Almauach de Gotha' " Holstein " is the leading word and the entire house is arranged under the 
visions " Holstein-Sonderburg " and " Holstein-Gottorp," the former Deing subdivided into the branches 
Ichles.-Holit.-Sond.-Augustenburg " and " Schles.-Holst.-Sond.-Glucksburg : " all under the heading " Holstein." 

82 The Royal Family. 

V.A., G.I. : born at Buckingham Palace, March 18, 1848; married {at St. George's 
Chanel. Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Mar- 
quess of Lome, now 9th Duke of Argyll, K.T., P.C., and born Aug. 6, 1845— see 
" Argyll " in Directory) . Residences— Palace, W. ; Eoseneath House, Dum- 

71 VI. H.R.H. Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and of Strathearn, and 

Earl of Susses {U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gctha, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.O., G.M.B.. G.C.S.I., 
G.G.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.Y.O., LL.D. ; a Field -Marshal in the British Army, In- 
spector-Gen. of the Forces and President of the Selection Boaid, a personal A.D.C. to 
M.M.,Col.-in-Ghiei of the Rifle Brigade, the Inniskilling Dragoons, the Highland Lt. 
Infantry, the Roy. Dublin Fusiliers, and Col. of the Grenadier Guards and of the Army 
Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. and of numerous Militia and 
Volunteer troops, President of the Counc. of the Roy. Patriotic Fund ; served in Canada 
in the Fenian Raid of 1870 and in Egypt 1883 ; was Com.-in- Chief in Bombay iS85-so, 
afterwards of 8. District and at Aldershot, late Commander of the Troops in Ireland ; 
Ranger of Enping Forest, Great Prior of Ireland, a Knight of Justice of St. John of 
Jerusalem, Grand Master of the Freemasons of England, a Bencher of Gray's inn, 
&c. : horn at Buckingham Palace, May 1, 1850; married (at Windsor, March 13 
1879) H.R.II. Princess Louisa Margaret (Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria 
Agues) of Prussia, V.A., C.I.,R.R.C. Mus. D. , a Lady of Justice of St. John of J erusaiem 
(third daughter of H.R.H. the late 'Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, G.C.B., and 
horn July 25, i860). Hesidences—Baghhot Park, Surrey ; Clarence House, St. James's, 
S.W. "Indue : 

72 1. H.R.H. Princess Gustavus Adolfhuh of Sweden {nee H.R.H. Princess Margaret 

Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaugiit), V.A., a Lady of Justice ol 
St. John cf Jerusalem: born Jan. 15, 1S82 ; married (June 15, 1905) to H.R.H. 
Prince Gustayus Adoi.fhus (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf, horn 
Nov. 11, 1882), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.Y.O. (Hon.), Duke of Scania (otherwise 
Schonen), eldest son cf H.R.H. the Crown Piince of Sweden. 

73 2. H.R.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaugiit, K.G., G.C.V.O., 

a Personal A.D.C. to H.M., Lieut. 7th Hussars, served in S. Africa 1901-2. a 
Knight of Justice of St. John of Jemsalem: bom Jan. 13, 1883. (Eventually 
heir to the throne of Saxe-Coburg, which his father had resigned— see 77). 

74 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaugiit: born 

March 17, 1S86. 

75 VII. H.R.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Arklow ( U.K. 1881), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G.. K.T., &c, P.C. : born at Buckingham Palace, 
April 7 1853 : died at Cannes, March 28, 1884, having married (at Windsor, April 27, 
1882) Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, V.A., C.I., R.R.C., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (h^ H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike Auguste, fourth 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Reigning Prince George Victor, and aunt of : H.M. 
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands : horn Feb. 17, 1861 ; residence — Villa Nevada, 
Cannes, and with her son, as below). Issue: 

76 1. H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck (Alice Marie Victoria Auguste Pauline of 

Albany), V.A., Order of Mercy (a Lady Presid. cf the League) : horn Feb. 25, 
1883 ; married (1904) to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (see 108). 

77 2. H.R.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Reigning Duke of Saxe- 

Coburg and Gotha, and 2nd Duke of Albany, &e. (see under 1st Duke), Duke 
of Jiilich, Cleve, and Berg, of Engern and Westphalia, Landgrave of Thuringia, 
Margrave of Meissen, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Col. -in-Chief 95th Prussian 
Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders (having Prince Arthur of Connaught as 
eventual Heir in case of no male line of his own) : bom (posthumous) at Clare- 
mont, July 19, 1884, and succeeded at his birth to the Albany title, in 1900 to that 
of Saxe-Coburg; married (Oct. 11, 1905) Princess Victoria Adelheid Helene 
Friederike, daughter of H.H. the Duke of Schleswig-Holst.-Sond.-Gliicksburg 
(see 275). Residences— The Palaces at Coburg, Ehrenberg, Callenberg, and 
Rosenau in Saxe-Coburg, and those at Reinhardsbrun, Oberhof, and Friedenstein 
in Gotha; Schloss Sauter, Tomerania ; Greinburg and Hinteiriss, Austria; 
Claremont, Esher, Surrey. 

78 VIII. H.R.H. Beatpjce, Princess Henry of Battenbeeg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Fedora of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, Y.A., C.I., R.R.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, now Governor of 
the Isle of Wight : born at Buckingham Palace, April 14, 1857 ; married (at Whippingham 
Church, I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.R.H. the late Prince Henry Maurice (Heinrich Moritz) 
of Battenberg, K.G., P.O., Governor of the Isle of Wight, a Colonel in the Army {born 
Oct. 5, 1858 ; naturalitel and created " Royal Highness " 1885 ; died during the Ashanti 
Expedition, Jan. 20, 1S96). Residence— Osborne Cottage, I.W., and Kensington Palace. 

79 1. H.H. Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg : horn Nov. 23, 18S6. 

80 2. H.H. Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena of Battenberg : born Oct. 24, 1887. 

81 3. H.H. Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg : horn May 21, 1889. 

82 4. H.H. Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg : horn Oct. 3, 1891. 

Cousins of His Majesty. 

— ! 


A t On side off Duke op Kext; 1st Cousins once removed, with Descendants). 
Tlirough H.M. Ernest, ist Duke of Cumberland, King of Hanover, 4th brother of the Duke of Kent. 
I. H.M. the late George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus, 2nd Duke of 
Cumberland and Teviofcdale, and King George V. of Hanover, a Prince of the United 
Kingdom and Duke of Brunswick-Liineburg, K.G., G.C.H. : born May 27, i8ig ; died 
June 12, 1878, having married (1843) H.H. (now H.M. the Queen of Hanover by title) 
Princess Alexandrina Marie Wilhelmine Georgine of Saxe-AltenBurg, V.A. (eldest 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Reigning Duke Joseph, and born April 14, 1818 ; residence — 
Gmundcn, Upper Austria). H. M. succeedel his father in 1851, and reigned over 
Hanover till 1866, when the Kingdom was incorporated with Prussia. Issue: 

1. H.R.H. Ernest Augustus William Adolphus Ge>rge Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale (Gt. Brit. 1799) and Earl of Armagh (Irel. 1799), a 
Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Brunswiek-LQiieburg, K.G., G.C.H. , 
General Supernumerary in the British Army and Colonel in that of Austria : 
born at Hanover, Sept. 21, 1845; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.R.H. Princess Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. King Christian IX., and sister of H.M. Queen 
Alexandra ; born Sept. 29, 1853) . Residences— Gmuiiden, Upper Austria, and 
Penzing, near Vienna. Issue : 

(1) H.R.H. Princess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victoria 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): born Oct. 11,1879; married 
(1900) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of present Grand Duke, and born July 10, 1867). 
Residence — Karlsruhe. Issue: 

(i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden: bom 
Aug. 1, 1902. 

(2) H.R.H. Prince George "William, Earl of Armagh (Georg Wilhelm 

Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.) : born Oct. 28, 1880. 

(3) H.R.H. Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenbuug-Sohwerin (Princess 

Alexandra Luise Marie Olga of Cumberland &c.) : born Sept. 29, 1882; 
married (1904) to H.R.H. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Schwerin (Friedrich Franz Michel, born April 9, 1882; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). 

i (4) H.R.H. Princess Olga Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumber- 

land &c. : born July 11, 1884. 

1 (5) H.R.H. Prince Ernest Augustus of Cumberland &c. (Ernst August 

Christian Georg) : bom Nov. 17, 1887. 

2. H.R.H. Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa of Hanover) , a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Brunswick-Liineburg, C.I., R.R.C. : bom at Hanover, Jan. 
9, 1848; married (1880) to Alphonse, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen (Luitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Mphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H.,V.D. {born July 27, 
1843; naturalised 1880). Residence — Villa Bonair, Biarritz, France, 
i ' 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Mary of Hanover &c. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra), 

C.I. : born at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 5 diicl June 4, 1904. 

Through H.R.H. Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge, 6th brother of the Duke of Kent. 

j I. H.R.H. the late George "William Frederick Charles, 2nd and last Duke of Cambridge, 
Earl of Tipperary, and Baron of Culloden (U.K. 1801) : born at Hanover, March 26, 
1819; succeeded his father 1850; died March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) 
the late Miss Louisa Fairbrother (bom 1815, died 1890), whose children bear the name 
of FitzGeorge (see Directory) . 

% II. H.R.H. Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess Augusta 
Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Bruns- 
wick-Liineburg, C.I. : born at Hanover, July 19, 1822 ; married (1843) to H.R.H. the 
la'e Frederick "William (Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Georg Ernst Adolf Gustav), Grand 
Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. (born Oct. 17, 1819 ; died May 30, 1904). 
Residences— Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 

5 1. H.R.H. Adolphus Frederick (Georg Adolf Friedrich Wellington), Reigning Grand 

Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, G.C.B. : born July 22, 1848 ; succeeded his 
father 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Elisabeth Marie 
Friederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the Reigning 
Duke Leopold Frederick, and born Sept. 7, 1857). Residences— Neustrelitz, Meck- 
lenburg-Strelitz, and 16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 

6 (1) H.H. Duchess Marie, Countess Jametel (nee Victoria Marie Auguste 

Leopoldine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) : born May 8, 1878 ; married 
(1899) to Maurice George, Count Jametel. 

7 (i) Son born Feb. 3, 1904. 

8 (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro (nee Duchess Auguste Charlotte 

Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ; but now takes name Militza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : born Jan. 24, 1880; 
„ _ 

8 4 

The Eoyal Family [Relatives). 

married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander of Montenegro, 
K.C.V.O. {born June 29, 1871). Residen <:e— Cettinje, Montenegro. 
99 (3) H.E.H. Adolf Frederick, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklknburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born J une 17, 1882. 

100 (4) H.H. Duke Charles Boewin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Carl Borwin 

Christian Alexander Arthur) : born Oct. 10, 1888. 

101 III. H.R.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina 

Elizabeth of Cambridge) : born at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1833; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
been married (1866) to H.H. the late Francis, Prince and Duke of Teck, G.C.B.,G.C.V.O. 
(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, born Aug. 27, 1837; created "Highness" by 
English warrant 1887; died Jan. 21, 1900). Issue: 

102 1. H.R.H. Victoria Mary, Princess of Wales (nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary 

Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"), 
V.A., C.I., and a Lady of Justice St. John of Jerusalem: born May 26, 1867; 
married (July 6, 1893) to H.E.H. George, now Prince of "Wales &c, K.G. {born 
June 3, 1865— see 2). 

103 2. H.S.H. Adolphus, Duke of Teck (Adolphus Charles Alexander Ladislaus), 

G.C.V.O., a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Maj. 1st Life Guards, 
served in South African "War 1899-1900: born Aug. 13, 1868; married (1894) 
Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (now H.S.H. the Duchess of Teck, 
daughter of 1st Duke of Westminster, K.G., and born April 9, 1873) . Residences— 
Henry III. Tower, "Windsor Castle; 4 Devonshire Place, Portland Place, "W. 
Issue : 

104 (1) Prince George Francis Hugh of Teck : born Oct. 11, 1895. 

10, (2) Princess Victoria Constance Mary of Teck : bom June 12, 1897. 

106 (3) Princess Helena Frances Auguste of Teck : born Oct. 23, 1899. 

107 3. H.S.H. Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

late Major 1st Dragoons, a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, served in 
Soudan 1897-8 : born Jan. 9, 1870. 

108 4. H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick George of Teck, G.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Capt. Royal Horse Guards, was A.D.C. to 
Col. Mahon in S. Africa, where he served 1900-2: born April 14, 1874; married 
(1904) H.R.H. Princess Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 76). Residence— Aldershot. 

B. On side of Duchess of Kent ; ist Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 

Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly , aunt of Queen Victoria. 

109 I. The late Alfons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly : born 1810: died 1894, 

having married (1st, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein {died 1856), 
and (2ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg {died 1876). Issue: 

110 ' 1. Victoria, Countess Oberndorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff- Pouilly) : 

born (of 1st wife) June 28, 1844; married (1865) to the late Charles, Count 
Oberndorff, long deceased (the Ct. A. Oberndorff now at the German Embassy is 
a cousin) . 

111-2 (1, 2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

113 2. Sophia, Countess Friedrich Kinsky (Sophie Marie Emanuele Julie von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly) : born (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 
Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau {born 1834, died 1899). Issue : 

114 (1) Theresa, Countess Siegfried von Clary-Aldringen (Countess Therese 

Marie Kinsky): born Dec. 10, 1867; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
Franz Johann Carl von Clary-Aldringen {born Oct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

115 (i) Countess Elisabeth Alexandrina von Clary-Aldringen: born 

Dec. 14, 1885. 

116 (ii) Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen: born March 12, 1887. 

117 (iii) Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldringen : born Sept. 2, 1891. 

118 (2) "Wilhelmina, Countess Henckel (Countess "Wilhelmtne Marie Kinsky): 

born Aug. 12, 1869; married (1895) to Edwin, Count Henckel and Baron 
von Donnersmarck. 

119 (3) The Hereditary Princess of LuWENSTEix-Wertheim-Rochefort {nee 

Countess Maria Josephine "Wilhelmine Philippa Kinsky) : born Aug. 23, 
1874 ; married f 1 898) to Aloyse Joseph Camill Maria, Hered. Prince, &c. 

120 (4) Count Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Joseph 

Alfons Johann Kinsky) : born May 11, 1879. 

121 3. Alphonse, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons "Wladimir Franz Emanuel 

Rochus) : born (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1864. 

122 31. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 

Dietrichstein-Nicolhburg, K.C.B. : born 1813; died 1871, having married (1857) 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. (eldest daughter of Joseph, Prince 
of the same and Count of Proskau-Leslie ; born Feb. 29, 1824 ; now Princess Dowager). 

123 1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 
1 (Hugo Alfons "Wenceslaus) : born Dec. 19, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 

Cousins of His Majesty. 85 

(1892) Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgorouki (daughter of Prince Alexander 
Dolgorouki, and born Nov. 27, 1873). Issue: 

124 (1) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born March 24, 1894. 

125 (2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born Dec. 4, 1897. 

126 (3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born July 15, 1899. 

127 (4) Countess Marie Epiphania Clothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : b. Jan. 6, 1901. 

128 2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdokff-Pouilly-Dietrich- 

stein, G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Austro- Hungarian Ambassador in London: born 
Sept. 5, 1861. nesiaence — 18 Belgrave Square, S.W. 

129 3. Countess Apponyi (nee Countess Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly-Dietrichstein) : bom Dec. 23, 1867; married (1897) to Albert, Count 

130 III. Count Arthur August von Mensdorff-Pouilly, G.C.V.O. (Hon.) : born Aug. 19, 1817. 

Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinette., Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

131 I. H.E.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of Wurtemberg : born 1804 : died 

1881, having married (1837) H.R.H. the late Princess Marie Christine d' Orleans (second 
daughter of King Louis Philippe, and born 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

132 l. H.E.H. Duke Philipp Alexander Maria Emst of "Wurtemberg: born July 30, 

1838 ; married (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria 
(daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen, and 
born July 15, 1845). Issue: 

133 (1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 

Wurtemberg: born Dec. 23, 1865; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. the late 
Archduchess Margareta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
daughter of the Archduke Charles Louis, and born May 13, 1870; died 
Aug. 24, 1902). Issue: 

134 (i) H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 

"Wurtemberg: born Nov. 14, 1893. 

135 (ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugen Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 

"Wurtemberg : born Jan. 8, 1895. 

136 (iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of "Wur- 
temberg: born March 12, 1896. 

137 (iv) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of "Wurtem- 
berg: born Aug. 15, 1897. 

138 (v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 
Wurtemberg : born Aug. 16, 1898. 

139 (vi) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Benoite of WUr- 
temberg : born Jan. 4, 1902. 

140 (2) H.R.H. the late Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria 
Isabelle of Wurtemberg) : born Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, 
having married (1894) to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony— see 

141 (3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of Wurtemberg: 
born Jan. 14, 1873 ; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immacu- 
lata Raineria of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Salvator, and born Sept. 3, 1878). 

142 (4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anton of Wurtem- 
berg : born June 13, 1877. 

Through Duke Ferdinand George of Saxe-Coburg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

43 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 till the Queen's decease) : bom 1816 ; died 
- 1885, having married (1836, as her second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria II. 
da Gloria of Portugal (born 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless in 1861). Issue: 
4$ 1. H.M. the late Dom Luik, King of Portugal : bom 1838 ; succeeded his brother Dom 

Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having married (1862) H.R.H. Maria Pia, Princess of 
Savoy, now H.M. the Dowager Queen of Portugal (daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. of Italy, and bom Oct. 16, 1847 ; residence — Lisbon). Issue: 

(1) H.M. Dom Carlos I., present King of Portugal and Algarve, K.G- 
(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria Victor Miguel Raphael Gabriel Gonzaga 
Xavier Francisco de Assis Jose Simao), Hon. Admiral of the Fleet in 
British Navy : bom Sept. 28, 1863 ; succeeded his father 1889 ; married (1886) 
H.R.H. (now H.M.) Princess Marie Amelie Louise Helene d'ORLEANS 
(eldest daughter of the Comte de Paris, and bom at Twickenham Sept. 28, 
1865). Issue: 

(i) H.R.H. Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, Prince Royal of 
Portugal, K.G. (Luiz Felippe Maria Carlos Amelio Fernando 
Victor) : born March 21, 1887. 
(ii) H.R.H. Prince Manuel, Duke of Beja (Manuel Maria Felippe 
Francisco de Assis Eugenio) : bom Nov. 15, 1889. 

(2) H.R.H. Prince Alphonso, Duke of Oporto and of Saxony (Affonso 
Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : bom July 31, 1865. 

The Royal Family {Relatives). 

149 2. H.R.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : horn 1843 \ died 1884, having married (1859) H.R.H. Prince Friedrich. 
August Georg, afterwards H.M. the late King of Saxony- {horn Aug. 8, 1832; 
died Oct. 15, 1904). Issue: 

150 (a) H.R.H. i'lincess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : horn March 19, 1863. 

151 (2) H.M. Augustus III., King of Saxony (Friedrich August Johann Philipp) : 

born May 25, 1865 ; succeeded his father 1904 ; married (1891) H.I. & R.H. 
Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria-Tuscany (eldest 
daughter of Ferdinand IV., Grand Duke of Tuscany), from whom he 
was divorced 1903, and who has formally renounced all claim to her late 
rank. Issue: 

152 (i) H.R.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Georg Paul Marcellus) : born Jan. 15, 1893. 

153 (ii) H.R.H. Prince Frederick Christian of Saxony (Friedrich 

Christian Albeit Macarius) : bom Dec. 31, 1893. 

154 (iii) H.R.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony (Ernst Heinrich 

Ferdinand Melchiades) : horn Dec. 9, 1896. 

155 (iv) H.R.H. Princess Margap.ete Carcla Wilhelmine of Saxony : born 

Jan. 24, 1900. 

156 (v) H.R.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : born Sept. 27, 


157 (vi) H.R.H. Princess Anne Monica Pia of Saxony : born May 4, 1903. 
15a (3) H.I.B. the Archduchess Otho Francis Joseph of Austria (ne'e H.R.H. 

Princess Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth of Saxony) : horn 
May 31, 1867; married (1886) to H.I. & R.H. Archduke Otto Franz 
Joseph Carl Ludwig Maria of Austria (born April 21, 1865). Issue: 

159 (i) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maria of Austria : 

horn Aug. 17, 1887. 

160 (ii) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich 

of Austria : horn April 13, 1895^ 

161 (4) H.R.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Anacletus) : 

horn July 10, 1869 ; married (1894) the late H.R.H. Duchess Isabelle of 

WURTEMBERG (died 1904-SCe I40). — 

162 (5) H.R.H. Prince Maximilian Wilnelm August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 

Saxony : born Nov. 17, 1870. 

163 3. H.R.H. Antonia, Princess of Hoiienzollern, Infanla of Portugal (Dona 

Antonia Maria Fernanda), Duchess of Saxony : horn Feb. 17, 1845 ; man-'ed (1861) 
to H.R.H. the late Leopold Stephan Carl TLassilo, Prince of Hoiienzollern 
(barn Sept. 22, 1835; died June 8, 1905). Issue: 

164 (1) H.S.H. William, Prince of Hoiienzollern (Wilhelm August Carl Bene- 

dict) : bom March 7, 1864 ; succeeded 1905 ; married (1889) H.R.H. Princess 
Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicily (daughter of the late 
Luigi, Conte di Trani, and horn Jan. 15, 1867) . Isfue : 

165 (1) H.S.H. Princess Auguste Victoria Wilhelmine Ludovica of 

Hoiienzollern : horn Aug. 19, 1890. 

166 (ii) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Victor Pius Ferdinand of Hohenzol- 

lern : born Aug. 30. 1891. 

167 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig Thassilo of Hoiienzollern : 

twin vith preceding. 

168 (2) H.R.H. Ferdinand, Prince and Heir Presumptive of Roumania, G.C.B. 

(Prince Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad of Hoiienzollern) : bo-m 
Aug. 24, 1865 ; created " Royal Highness " by King Charles I. in 1889 (his 
elder brother having declined the offer of succession) : married (1893) 
H.R.H. Frinecss Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I. 
(eldest daughter of H.R.H. the late Reigning Duke Alfred, and horn 
Oct. 29, 1875— see 61). Issue: 

169 (i) Prince Carol of Roumania : born Oct. 15, 1893. 

170 (ii) Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Roumania : born 

Oct. 11, 1894. 

171 (iii) Princess Marie of Roumania : born Jan. 8, igoo. 

172 (iv) Prince Nicholas of Roumania : horn Aug. 17, 1903. 

173 (3) H.S.H. Prince Cap.l Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollern : 

horn Sept. 1, 1868 ; married (1894) his cou^n H.R.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Belgium (daughter of H.R.H. Philippe, 
Comte de Flandre, and bom Oct. 18, 1872— see 241). Issue : 

174 (i) Princess Stephanie Josephine Carola of Hoiienzollern: born 

April 8, 1895. 

175 (ii) Princess Marie Antoinette Wilhelrnine Victoria Augusta of Hoiien- 

zollern : bom Oct. 23, 1896. 

176 (iii) Prince Albert Ludwig Leopold Tassillon of Hoiienzollern : born 

Sept. 28, 1898. 

177 II. H.H. the late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (August Ludwig Victor, 

Duke of Saxony : born 1818 ; died 1881, having married (1843) H.R.H. Marie Clementine 

Cousins of His Majesty. 87 

Clothilde d' Orleans (daughter of King Louis Philippe, and lorn June 3, 1817). 

1. H.H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ferdinand Philipp Maria August), 

Duke of Saxony, G .C.B. : lorn March 28, 1844 ; married (1875) his second cousin 
H.E.H. Princess Louise of Belgium {lorn Feb. 18, 1858— see 234). Issue: 

(1) H.H. Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Maria of Saxe-Coburg 

&c. : lorn July 19, 1878. 

(2) H. H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstein-Augustenburg (nee H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, &c.) : 
lorn April 30, 1881 ; married (1898) to H. H. Ernst Gunther, Duke of 
Holstein-Aug. (bom 1853— see 281). 

2. H.H. Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August Maria Eudes) : lorn 

Aug. 9, 1845 ; married (1864) H.I.H. the late Princess Lsopoldina of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and born 1847, died 1S71). Issue: 

(1) Prince Peter August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : lorn March 

19, 1866. 

(2) Prince August Leopold Philipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 

Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I. & E.H. Archdss. Caroline Maria 
.. Immaculata of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.i.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Salvator, and. born Sept. 5, 1869). Issue: 

(i) Prince August Clement Carl Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c: 
bom Oct. 27, 1895. 

(ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born March 23, 1897. 

(iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born Jan. 10, 1899. 

(iv) Prince Bainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Coburg : lorn May 4, 1900. 

(v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph Ignaz of Saxe-Coburg : lorn 

Aug. 18, 1901. 

(vi) Princess Theresia Christiana Maria Eaphaella Gonzaga of Saxe- 

Coburg: lorn Aug. 23, 1902. 

(3) Prince Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Coburg &c. : 60™ 

Sept. 15, 1870; married (1900) H.E.H. Princess Mathilda Maria Theresia 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. Prince Ludwig, and lorn Aug. 17, 1877). 
(i) Prince Anton Marie Ludwig Clemens of Saxe-Coburg : lorn 
June 17, 1901. 

(ii) Princess Marie Immaculata Leopoldina Nicoletta of Saxe- 
Coburg: born Sept. 10, 1904. 

3. H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Marie Adelheid Amalie 

Clothilde of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born July8. 1846* married (1864) to H.I. & E.H. 
the late Archduke Joseph Carl of Austria (lorn March 2, 1833; died June 13, 
1905). Issue: 

(1) H.I. & E.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea 
Amalia of Austria) : born June 14, 1867; married (1896) to Prince Louis 
Philippe Bobert, Due d' Orleans, chief of the French branch of the 
House of Bourbon (son of the late Comte de Paris, and born at Twicken- 
ham, Feb. 6, 1869). Be j id e nee — York House, Twickenham. 

(2 H.I., E., & S.H. Margarete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess 
Margarets Clementine Maria of Austria) : born JulyS, 1870; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, Eeigning ! 
Prince of Thurn and Taxis (bom May 8, 1867). Issue: 

(i) Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis (Franz ! 

Joseph Maximilian Maria) : lorn Dec. 21, 1893. 

(ii) Prince Carl August Joseph Maria of Thurn and Taxis: bom 

July 23, 1898. 

(iii) Frince Ludwig Philipp Maria Fnedrich of Thurn and Taxis 

lorn Feb. 2, 190I. 

(iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maria Siegfried of Thurn and Taxis : lorn 

March 1, 1902. 

(v) Princess Elisabeth Helena Maria Antonia of Thurn and Taxis : 

lorn Dec. 15, 1903. 

(3) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Joseph August Victor Clemens Maria of Austria : 

lorn Aug. 9, 1872 ; married (1893) H.E.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luise 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. Prince Leopold of Bavaria : lorn April 28, 
1875). Issue: 

(i) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : lorn March 28, 

(iij Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria : bom 
March 11. 1899. 

(iii) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria : lorn Jan. 3, 1901. 

(iv) Archduke Matthias Joseph of Austria: lorn June 26, 1904. 

(4) H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Clothilde Maria Victoria 

of Austria : lorn March 9, 1883. j 
4. H.E.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Princess Amalie of j 


The Royal Family {Relatives). 

Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1848 ; died 1894, having married (1875) H.R.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria {born 1849 5 died 1893). Issue : 

208 (1) H.R.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : born July 10, 1876. 

209 (2) H.R.H. Duke Christoph Joseph of Bavaria : born April 22, 1879. 

210 (3) H.R.H. Duke Luitpold Emanuel Ludwig of Bavaria : born June 30, 1890. 

211 5. H.R.H. Ferdinand, Prince of Bulgaria (Ferdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 

Marie of Saxe-CobupvG &c), Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Feb. 26, 
1861 : elected (1887) as Ferdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria; married (1893) the late 
H.R.H. Princess Maria Louisa of Parma (Maria Luigia Pia Teresa, daughter of 
Robert, Duke of Parma, born 1870, died 1899) . Issue : 

212 (1) H.R.H. Boris, Hereditary Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Tjrnova (Boris 

Clement Robert Maria Pius), Duke of Saxony : born Jan. 30. 1894, n.s. 

213 (2) Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry Francis) : 

born Nov. 17, 1895. 

21 % (3) Princess Eudoxia Augusta Philippine of Bulgap.ia: bom Jan. 17, 1898. 

215 (4) Princess Nadejda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : born Jan. 30, 1899. 

216 III. H.R.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours [nee H.H. Princess Victoria Augusts 

Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.R.H. 
the late Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d'ORLEANS, Due de Nemours {born 
1814, died 1896). Issue: 

217 1. H.R.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand 

Gaston) : born April 28, 1842 ; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostinha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor Dom 
Pedro II., Infant of Portugal : born July 29, 1846). Issue: 

218 (1) H.R.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn Oct. 
15, 1875. 

219 (2) H.R.H. Prince Louis Marie Philippe d'ORLEANS : born Jan. 26, 1878. 

220 (3) H.R.H. Prince Antoine Gaston Philippe Gonzaga d'ORLEANS : born 
Aug. 9, 1881. 

t 2. H.R.H. Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'ORLEANS, Due d'ALENCON et de 

Nemours: born Julyi2, 1844; married (1868) H.R.H. the late Duchesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
and born 1847, died in the fire at the Bazar de la Charite\ Paris, May 4, 1897) . Issue : 
l (1) H.R.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.R.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d'ORLEANS) : born July 9, 1869 ; married (1891) to H.R.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria {born Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 

223 (i) Prince Joseph Clement Maria Philipp Neri of Bavaria : born 

May 25, 1902. 

224 (2) H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de Vend6me (Philippe 
Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : born Jan. 18, 1872; married (1896) his second 
cousin H.R.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders {born Nov. 30, 1870 — see 
240). Issue: 

225 (i) Princess Marie Louise Ferdinande Charlotte Henriette of 

Orleans: born Dec. 31, 1896. 

226 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine Louise Henriette of Orleans : born 

Oct. 19, 1898. 

227 (iii) Princess Genevieve Marie Jeanne Francoise of Orleans : born 

Sept. 21, 1901. 

228 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Czartoryski (H.R.H. Princess Marguerite AdelaYde 
Marie d'ORLEANS) : born 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartoryski {born 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 

229 (1) Adam Louis, Prince Czartoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zukow: bom 

Nov. 5, 1872; married (1901) Marie Louise, Comtesse Krasne-Krasinska 
{bom March 24, 1883). 

230 (i) Princess Isabelle Marguerite Czartoryski : born Aug. 17, 1902. 

231 (2) Prince Witold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : born March 10, 1876. 

232 4. H.R.H. Princess Blanche Marie Amelie Caroline d'ORLEANS : bom Oct. 28, 1857. 

Through H.H. Leopold I,, King 0/ the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

233 I. H.M, Leopold II. (Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor), present King of the Belgians, 

Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born at Brussels, April 9, 
1835 ; succeeded his father 1865 ; married (1853) H.I. & R.H. the late Archduchess Maria 
"Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (younger daughter of the late Archduke Joseph, 
Count Palatine of Hungary, and bom Aug. 23, 1836 ; died Sept. 19, 1902). Issue: 

234 1. H.R.H. Princess Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. (H.R.H. Princess Louise Marie 

Amelie of Belgium) : born Feb. 18, 1858 ; married (1875) to her second cousin 
H.H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. {bom March 28, 1844 — see 178). 

235 2. H.L & R.H- Princess Stephanie, Countess Lonyay, late Dowager Princess 

Imperial of Austria {nee H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Clothilde of Belgium) : 
born May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.L & R.H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria {bom 1858; died 1889) ; 2ndly (1900), to 
Elemer, Count Lonyay. Residence— Adscar, near Goodwood. Issue (1st 
marriage) : 

Cousins of His Majesty. 

236 (1) H.I. & R.H. Princess Otto zu "Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

Marie Henriette Stephanie Gisela of Austria) : born Sept. 2, 1883 ; 
married 1902, toH.S.H. Prince Otto Veriand Hugo Ernst zu W.-GrAtz. 
{born Oct. 7, 1873). 

237 (i) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Octavien zu "W.-GrAtz : born 

March 22, 1904. 

238 3. H.Ft.H. Princess Clementine Alberte Leopoldine of Belgium : born July 30, 1872. 

239 II. H.R.H. the late Prince Philip, Count of Flanders (Philippe Eugene Baudouin Leopold 

George) : born March 24, 1837 ; died Nov. 17, 1905, having married (1867) Princess 
Maria Louise Alexandrine Caroline of Hohenzollern (daughter of H.R.H. the 
late Carl Anton. Prince of Hohenzollern, and born Nov. 17, 1845). Issue: 

240 1. H.R.H. Henriette, Duchesse de VendOme, Princess Emmanuel of Orleans 
(H.R.H. Princess Henriette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : born 
Nov. 30, 1870 {twin with the late Princess Josephine Marie Stephanie Victoire, 
who died 1871 — see 243 for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to 
H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel d'ORLEANS, Due de VendOme {b. Jan. 18, 1872 — see 224). 

241 2. H.R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hohenzollern (H.R.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : born Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 
H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrich Wilhelin Ludwig of Hohenzollern {born 
Sept . . 1 , 1 868— see 1 73) . 

242 3. H.R.H. Prince Albert, Count of Flanders (Albert Leopold Clement Marie 
Meinrad), Crown Prince of Belgium : born April 8, 1875 ; married (1900) 
H.R.H. Duchess Elisabeth Valerie Gabriele Marie of Bavaria (daughter of 
Duke Carl Theodor, and born July 25, 1876). 

243 (1) H.R.H. Prince Leopold Philippe Charles of Belgium : born Nov. 3, 1901. 
(2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium : born Oct. 10, 1903. 

«45 III. H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian, ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Princess Marie 
Charlotte Amelie Leopoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840; married (1857) H.I.M. 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {born 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867). 

C. 1st Cousins with Descendants (side of Duchess of Kent continued). 
Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen, half-brother of Queen Victoria. 

I. H.S.H. the late Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Emich), 
G.C.B., G.C.V.O., an Admiral in the British Navy (served in Burma and in Black 
and Baltic Seas) : born Nov. 9, 1830; died April 5, 1904, having married (1858) H.G.D.H. 
the late Princess Marie Amalie of Baden, V.A. ; {born 1834 ; died 1899). Issue: 

1. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl), 
G.CV.O. : born Jan. 18, 1866; succeeded his father 1904; warned (1894) his second 
cousin, Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (second 
daughter of H.S.H. Hermann, Prince of the same, and bom July 23, 1866— see 
266) . Issue : 

48 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Marie Leopoldine Elise Sophie of Leiningen: 

born May 12, 1895. 

9 (2) H.S.H. Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heinrich Maximilian of Leiningen: 

born Dec. 29, 1896. 

,0 (3) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Carl Eduard Erwin of Leiningen: born Feb. 

13. 1898. 

Jl (4) H.S.H. Prince Hermann Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : born Jan. 4, 1901. 

52 (5) H.S.H. Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : born July 29, 1903. 

II. H.S.H. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Joliann of Leiningen, K.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 5, 1833. 

..Through Princess Anne Feodora of Hohenlohe, half-sister of Queen Victoria. 

>4 I. Prince Charles of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Carl Ludwig "Wilhelm Leopold) : born 
Oct. 25, 1829 ; married morganatically (1861) to Baroness von Bronn, and resigned the 
succession to the Principality to his next brother (children named Bronn). 
(5 II. H.S.H. Hermann Ernst Franz Bernhard, Reigning Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 

G. C.B., Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lorraine, a General in the Prussian Army : born 
Aug. 31, 1832; succeeded his father i860; married (1862) H.G.D.H. the late Princess 
Leopoldina Wilhelmine Maximiliane, Margravine of Baden (younger daughter of 

H. G.D.H. the late Prince William, and born Feb. 22, 1837 ; died Dec. 23, 1903). Issue: 
,6 1. Ernst "Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe- 
Langenburg, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Sept. 13, 1863; married (1896) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg, C.I. {born Sept. 1, 1878— see 63). 

7 (1) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred of Hohenlohe : born March 24, 1897. 

8 (2) Princess Maria Melita Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born Jan. 18, 1899. 

9 (3) Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born April 2, 


p (4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : born July 4, 1902. 

I 2. H.S.H. Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (Princess Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Heinrich XXVII., " Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue: 

go The Royal Family {Relatives). 

262 (i) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Feodora Agnes of Reuss : born April 21, 


263 (2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida Helene Wilhelmine of Reuss : born 

July 17, 1890. 

264 (3) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLTII. of Reuss : lorn July 25, 1893. 

265 (4) H.S.H. Prince Heixrich XLV. of Reuss : lorn May 13, 1895. 

266 3. H.S.H. Feodora, Princess of Leinixgex (Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of 

Hohexlohe-Langenburg) : lorn July 23, 1866; married (1894) to H.S.H. Emich 
Eduard Carl, Reigning Prince, &c. (see 247). 

267 III. H.S.H. the late Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Laxgexburg, Vice- Admiral, R.N. : 

lorn 1833; died 1891, having married (1861) Lady Laura Williamina Seymour (sister of 
5th Marq. of Hertford and lorn Jan. 27, 1833; now H.S.H. Princess Victor of 
Houexlohe jraised to rank of daughter of a Marquess 1871). Residences— St. Bruno, 
Sunnirjgdalc, Ascot ; Engine Court, St. James's Palace, S.W. Issue: 

268 1. Countess Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichex : lorn Dec. 20, 1861. 

269 2. Albert Edward Wilfred, Count Gleichex, C.V.O., C.M.G., D.S.O., Lieut,- 

Col. late of Grenadier Guards, now Mil. Attache at Berlin (served in Soudan 
1884-5, Dongola 1895, and in S. Africa 1899-igoi) ; Extra Equerry to H.M. 
and a Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem : lorn Jan. 15, 1863. Residence — 
Engine Court, St. James's Palace. (The title "Count Gleichen" is of Saxe- 

270 3. Countess Victoria Alice Leopoldine Ada Laura Gleichex : lorn Nov. 28, 1868. 

(Adopts the name " Valda " from V.A.L. \A]da.) 

271 4. Countess Helexa Emily Gleichex : lorn Feb. 1, 1873. 

272 IV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTEix-Sonderbiirg-AuGusTENBURG 

(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohexlohe-Laxgenburg) : born July 20, 
i835; died 1900, having been married (1856) to H.H. the late Friedricii Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.-Aug. (lorn 1829; died 1880). Issue: 

273 1. H.I.M. Augusta Victoria, the German Empress, V.A. (nee H.S.H. Princess 

Augusi'h Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augustex- 
burg) : lorn Oct. 22, 1858; married (Feb. 27, 1881) to H.R.H. Prince Frederick 
William, now H.I.M. William II., Germax Emperor (born Jan. 27, 1859— see 17). 

274 2. H.S.H. Carolixe Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEix-Scndeihurg-GLUCKS- 

burg (Princess Victoria Friederike Caroline Mathilde of Holsteix-Augustex- 
burg) : born Jan. 25, i85o ; married (1885) to H.H. Prince Friedricii Ferdixand 
Georg, Duke of Schieswig-HoLSTEix-Sonderburg-GLUCKSBURG (b->rn Oct. 12. 
1855). issue: 

275 (1) H.R.H. the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg axd Gotha (H.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelheid Helene Friederike of Holsteix-Glucksburg) : born Dec. 31, 
1885; married (1905) as under No. 77. 

276 (2) H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Auguste Wilhelmine of Holsteix- 
Glucksburg : lorn April 21, 1887. 

277 (3) H.H. Princess Helena Adelheid Victoria Marie of Holsteix-Glucksburg: 
bom June 1, 1888. 

278 (4) H.H. Princess Adelheid Luise of Holsteix-Glucksburg: born Oct. 19, 

279 (5) H.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedricii Christian Q iinther of Holsteix-Glucks- 

burg : born Aug. 23, 1891. 

; 280 (6) H.H. Princess Victoria Irene Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Glucks- 

BtiEG : lorn May 11, 1894. 

281 3. H.S.H. Ernst Guxther, Duke of Schlesw.-HoLSTEix-Sond.-AuGUSTEXBUEG : horn 

Aug. 11, 1863 ; married (1898) H.H. Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg (see 180). 

282 4. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Leopold of Prussia (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Luise Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustexburg) : born April 8, 1866; 
married (1889) to H.R.H. Prince Joachim Friedricii Leopold of Prussia, 
G.C.V.O. (bom Nov. 14^1865). Issue: 

283 (1) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Marg arete Elisabeth Ulrike of Prussia: born 

April 17, 1890. 

284 (2) H.R.H. Prince Joachim Friedricii Sigismuxd of Prussia : bom Dec. 17, 1891. 

285 [3) H.R.H. IMnce Tassilo Friedricii Carl of Prussia : bom April 6, 1893. 

286 (4) H.R.H. Prince Franz Joseph Friedricii Leopold of Prussia: born 

Aug. 27, 1895. 

287 5. H.S.H. Princess Feodora Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holsteix-Augustexburg : 

born July 3, 1874. 

288 V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess of Saxe-Meixixgex (Princess Feodoee Victoria 

Adelheid of Hoiienlohe-Laxgenburg) : born 1839; died 1872, having married (1858), 
as his second consort, H.H. George II., present Reigning Duke of Saxe-Meinixgen and 
Hildburghausen (born April 2, 1826). [He afterwards married morganatically Helena 
Frances, Baroness von Hcldburg.] Issue (by Duchess Feodora —No. 25 gives one of 
the issue by first consort) : 

289 1. H.H. Prince Ernst Berntiard Victor Georg of Saxe-Meixixgex: born Sept. 27. 

1859; married morganatically (1892) Cathaeixa, Baroness von Saalfeld (born 
1874). (CMldreh entitled *' Barons a,nd Baroness von Saalfeld.") 
: 290 2. H.H. Prince Friedrich Johann Bernhard Moritz of Saxe-Meixingex : born 

Index to the Royal Family. 





Oct. 12, 1861 ; married (1889) Countess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
Lippe-Biesteefeld (eldest daughter of the Most Illustrious Count Ernst, and 
horn June 22, 1870). Issue: 

(1) Princess Carol a Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen : horn May 29, 


(2) Princess Adelheid Erna Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-Meiningen : horn 

Aug. 16, 1891. 

(3) Prince Geoeg of Saxe-Meiningen : horn Oct. 11, 1892. 

(4) Prince Erxst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meinixgen : born Sept. 23, 1895. 

(5) Princess Luise Marie Catherina of Saxe-Meiningex : bom March 13, 


(6) Prince Berxhard Friedrich Julius Heinrieh of Saxe-Meinixgen: born 

June 20, 1901. 


-The net total is 263 living blood-relations (the apj>arent 296 has to he diminished by 27 for 
deceased relatives (some 18 of whom, who have left no issue, have no^v been removed from tae list). 
The 269 comprise 11 married couples who are related to His Majesty on both sides. 


*** There is an unavoidable imperfection in the following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally used. When, however, a name is found cited under some variation — 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed " Prince Berengar "—a reference to " Prussia" would conduct the 
seircher to the only possible houses under which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert of Prussia ' 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia." German names are usually anglicised in the index, whilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Adalbert, Pr. (Prussia), 20 
Adelaide, Prss. (Holst.-Glucks.), 273 

„ ,, (Sa x<i-if.) 290 & 292 
Adolphus, Pr. (Schaumb.-L.), 30 

Fredk., Her. G. D. of Meck.-Strel. 99 
Albany, I), of, 77 ; Dss. of, 75. 
Albert, Ct. (Menadorff-P.-Diei.), 128 
„ D. ( Wdrtemberg), 133 
„ Pr. (Plan lers), 342 
„ „ (Hohinzollern), 176 
„ „ (Schlei.- Hoist.), 67 
„ Eugene, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 135 
„ Predk., Pr. ( Wales), 4 
Alencon, Ferdinand, Due a', 221 
Uexauder, Pr. (Battenberg), 79 
„ „ (Sparta), 33 
„ „ (Teck), io3 
„ Edward, Pr. (Denmark), 14 
Viexandra, Prss. ( Hohenlohe-L.)M & 259 
„ J)uff, Lady, 10 
„ Fedorovna, Empss. Russ. 53 
.. Victoria, Prss. (Holst.-GL), 276 
Llexandrine, Ctss. (Dietrichstein), 124 ! B;nirbon-Sicily—see 164 

Austria-T ascany— see 151, 183 ! Cumberland, D. of, 84 ; house, 8500 

Baden, Prss. Marie Alex, of, 86 j Cyril, Pr. of Presluv (Bulgaria), 213 

,, see also 85, z;6, 255 j Czartoryski, Pr. 229 

[Battenberg, Il.s.H.Pr. Francis J oseph Danilo, Or. Pr. of Montenegro, 98 
of, G.C.V.O. (Hon. 1897), K.O.B. , Denmark, Pr. Charles of, 13 
(Hon. Civ. 1896), bro. of follg. Pr., b. ! ,, see also 84 and Directory 
1861, mar. 1S97 Prss. Anna ot Monte- Dietrichstein-Xicolsburg, Prs. and Cts. 
negro. Res., Leipzig.*] of, 122-7 

Battenberg, Prss. Henry of, 78 ; house, 1 „ „ Dow. Prss. of, 122 
79-82 i Dolgorouki—see 123 

„ Louis, Pr. of, 45 ; house, 46-9 | Donnersmarek—see Henckel 
Bavaria, Pr. Alphonse of, 222 Dorothea. Dss. of llolsi.-Aag., 180 

„ D. Max. Em. of, house, 208-10 | Edinburgh, D. of (the late), 59 
„ see also 190, 23i, 242, and Directory Edward, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), 78 „ Albert, Pr. ( Wales), 3 

„ „ (Saxe-Cob urg), 64 ! [E^loifstein, Bnss. von und zu, a Be 1- 

Beja (Portugal), D. of, 147 j chamber Woman to H.K.H. Prss. 

Belgians, K. of, 233 ; house, 234-8 i Christian.] 
I Belgium— see 173, 178, and Flanders \ Eirene, Prss. (Sparta), 36 

Boruhard, Pr. ot Saxe-Mein., 25 & 296 

i Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 232 
j Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 

Prss. of Dietriohst. 
liexis, Gd. Dk. [Russia), 58 
Llice, Prss. (Teck), 76 
„ „ (the late), 44 
Uix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
llphonse, Ct. v. Mensdorff-P. 121 
„ Pr. (Bavaria), 222 
jlUphonso, D. of Oporto, i<8 
hnastasia, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 57 
Uidrew, Prss. (Greece), 46, see 72 & 95 
i.nne Monica, Pres. (Saxony), 157 
mtoine, Pr. (Orleans), 220 
inJanUt, Prss. of Hohenz., Difanta of 
Portugal, 163 

.ntony, Pr. (Saxe-Cob. ), 191 

.pnonyi, Ctss. 129 

Irgyll, D. of, 70 

Iribert, Pr. (Anhali), see 69] 

irmajh, E. of, 87 

.rthur Aug., Ct. (Mensd.-P.), 130 
„ Patrick (Connaught), 73 

.ugusta, Archdss. (Austria), 201 
„ Victoria, Prss. (Hohenz.), 165 

.ugustus, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 1S1 
„ Charles, Pr. (do.), 184 
„ Leopold, Pr. (do.), 183 
„ III., King of Saxony, 151 
ugustus William, Pr. (Prussia), 21 
ustria, Archd. J oseph of, 193 ; house, 

I n „ Otho F. Jos. of, 158; house, 

Bragauza (Port.), Louis Phil.,D. of, T46 
Brazil—see 181, 217 
Bronn, Bnss. von, 254 
Brunswick— see 83, 94 
Bulgaria, Ferd. Pr. of, 211 : issue, 212-5 
Cambridge, D. of (the late), 93 
Carlos I., K. of Portugal, 145 
Carol, Pr. (Roumania), 169 
Carola, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 291 
Caroline Maria Immac. 
(Saxe-Cob.), 183 

Eitel-Frederick, Pr. (Prussia), 19 
j Eleonore, G. Dss. of //esse, 52 
212 j Elise, Her. Prss. of Reuss, 261 

Elizabeth, G. Dss. of Meck.-Strel, 95 
„ Prss. (Roumania), 173 
„ Alexandrina, Ctss. (Clary-Aldr.), 

„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Russ.), 50 
,, Helena, Prss. (Thurndc Taxis), 200 
„ Henrietta, Archdss. (Aust.), 206 
„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 236 
Emich Chas., Pr. of Leiningen, 247 
,, Ernest, Pr. (Leiningen). 
Archdss. Emmanuel, D. de Venddme, 224 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria Eugenie 

IV! a'tilda, Dss. ( Uol8t.-QlHcks.),s3So' Ernest, lier.Pr. of Hohenlohe- Lang., 216 

Charles, Pr. (BelgiumK 244 
,, „ (Denmark), 13 
„ ,, (Hohenlohe-Lang.), 254 
I „ Alexander, D.( Wiirtemberg), 136 
j „ Antony, Pr. (HohenzoZlern), 173 
! „ August, Pr. (Thum & '/'.), 197 
„ Borwin, D. (Meck.-Strel.), 100 
„ Edward, D. of Saxe-Cob., 77 
„ Fras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 159 
„ Theodore, Pr. (Belj.), 244 
I Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., 25 
I Christiau, Pr. (Schleswig-Holst.), 65 
j Christopher, D. (Bavaria), 20J 

Pr. (Hesse), 43 
! Clarence, D. of (the late), i 
Clary- Aldringen, Cts. &c, 114-7 
Clementine, Prss. (Belgium), 238 
„ ,, (Saxe-Cob.), 177 
,, Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 185 
Clothilde, Archdss. (Austria), 193 
Connaught, D, of, 71 ; house, 72-4 

see also 132-3, 233, and Directory! Constantine, D, ot Sparta, 31 

Augustus, Pr. (Cumbd.), 50 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 289 
„ Giinther, D. of Hoist.- Aug. , 281 
„ Henry, Pr. (Saxon*;), 15% 
,, Leopjid, Pr. (Saxe-Man.), 2;4 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
Ea, Comte d' (Orleans), 217 
Eudoxia, Prss. (Bulgaria), 214 
Fcodora, Ctss. (Gleichen), 263 
„ Prs's. of Leiningen, 266 
„ „ (Hoist.- Aug.), 287 
„ „ (Rems), 26 
Ferdinand, Pr. of Bulgaria, 211 
„ „ (Orleans), 221 
,, „ of Roumania, ±68 
Fife, D. of, 9 ; daughters, 10, 11 
FitzGeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Flanders, Ct. of, 239 ; house, 240-4 

„ see also 224 
Francis, Pr. (Teck), 107 
„ Joseph, Ct. (Nepomuk-P.), 120 
„ Her.Pr.of Thum <&Taxis,ig6 

* A few Court names, not belonging to the Royal Family, are here interpolated in this form. 

9 2 

The Royal Family. 

Francis Joseph, Pr. (Hohemollern), 167 
,, W indisch-Gratz), 237 

Frederica, Bnss. von Pa wel-Ramm., 91 

Frederick, Empress (the late), 16 
,, Pr. (Holstein-Gliicksb.), 279 
„ ,, (Saxe-Meiningen) , 290 
„ Charles, Pr. (Hesse), 37 
,, „ ,, {Leiningeu), 250 
„ „ „ (Prussia), 285 
„ Christian, Pr. (Saxony), 153 
,, Leopold, Pr. (Pruss.), 2E2 & 286 
„ Sigismuad, do. (do.), 284 
„ Victor, Pr. (Hohenzoll.), 166 
„ William, Pr. (Hesse), 38 

Gaston, Cte. d'Eu [Orleans), 217 

Genevieve, Prss. (Orleans), 227 

George, Pr. (Battenberg), 48 
,, „ (Saxe-Meiningen), 293 
„ „ (Saxony), 152 
„ „ (Sparta), 32 

„ (Teck), 104 
„ „ ( IFak's), 7 
„ II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 288 

German Emperor, 17 ; Empress, 273 ; 
house, 18-24 

Germany—see Prussia 

Gleichen, Ct. 253 ; house, 267-71 

Gottfried, Pr. (Hohenl.), 257 

Greece, Pr. Royal of, 31 
„ see Directory 

Gustivus Adolphus, Prss. (Swed.), 72 

Haakon VII., King of Norway, 13 

Hanover, see Cumberland 

Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 
„ Prss. (Holst.-Gliicksbg.), 277 
„ „ (Schles.-Holstein), 65 
„ „ (Sparta), 34 
„ (Teck), 106 

Henckel, Ct. 118 

Henry, Pr. (Prussia), 27; Prss., 51 
„ (Wales), 6 
„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Reuss 

161 ; XXX. (do.), 25 
„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. (do.), 264-5 
Hermann, Pr. (Leiningen), 251 
Hesse, G. D. of, 52 

„ Pr. Fredk. (Jhas. of , 37 ; sons 38-43 
Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Hohenlohe-Lang., Pr. of, 235; house 
2S4-7 1 ; Prss. Victor of, 267 
Hohemollern, Pr. of, 163 ; house, 164-76 
Hoist.- Aug ustenburg, D. of, 281 ; Dss 

„ „ D. Fredk. of, house, 273-87 
„ „ Pr. Christian of, 65 ; house 

Hoist. -Gliicksburg, D. of, 274 ; house, 

275-80: see Directory 
Hungary— see 233 
Iinruaculata, Piss. (Saxe-Oob.), 192 
Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 
Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 260 
Isabella, Ctsse. d'Eu (Orleans), 217 

„ Prss. (Czartoryski), 230 
Italy— see 144, 211 
Jametel, Ct., 96 
Joachim, Pr. (Pruss.), 23 
John Charles, Pr. ( Wales), 8 

,, George, Pr. (Saxony), 161 
Joseph, Archdss. (Austria), 193 

„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 201 

„ Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 223 

„ Francis, Archd. (Austria), 202 
Josephine, Prss. (Hohenzoll.), 241 
Kinsky, house, 113-20 
Ladislas, Archd. (Austria), 204 
Leiningen, Pr. of, 246 ; house, 247-52 
Leopold, Pr. (Battenberg), 81 

„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 179 

„ II. , K. of Belgians, 233 

,, Philippe, Pr. (Belg.), 243 
Lippe-B tester fe Id— see 290 
Lonyay, Ct,, 235 

Louis, Pr. of Battenberg, 45 ; P 
Louis, 49 
,, Pr. (Orleans), 219 
,, „ (Saxe-Coburg), 190 
,, Philip, D. of Braganza, 146 
„ Pr. (Thum $ Taxis), 198 

Louisa, Prss. (Battenberg), 47 
„ Adelaide, Prss. (Reuss), 263 
„ Augusta, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.), 69 
„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 295 
„ Sophia, Prss. (Prussia), 282 
Louise, Prss. (Dss. of Fife), 9 
„ „ (Dss. of Argyll), 70 
(Saxe-Coburg), 234 
„ Auguste, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.), 69 
Lbwenstein, Her. Prss. of, 119 
Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 210 
Manuel, D. of Beja (Portugal), 147 
Margaret, Prss. (Saxony), 155 
„ ,, of Thum & Taxis, 195 
,, Mary, Dss. ( Wilrtemb.), 139 
Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Strelitz), 96 
,, Prss. ( Hohenlohe), 258 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), i36 
„ Amelia, Dss. (Wiirtemberg), 137 
„ Doroth. Amel., Dss. (Orleans), 194 
„ Pia, Dow. Qn. of Portugal, i ;4 
„ Theresa, Archdss. (Austria), 133 
„ „ Dss. ( Wurtmb. ), 138 

„ Her. Prss. of Hohenz., 164 
Marie, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 56 
„ Prss. (Hohemollern), 175 
,, ,, (Roumania), i63 & 171 
„ Alexandra, Prss. (ij'ad'eu), 86 
,, Alice, Prss. (Saxony), 156 
„ Alexandrovna, G. Dss. &c, 59 
„ Amalie, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 137 
„ Louise, Prss. (Orleans), 225 
Matilda, Prss (Saxony), 150 
Matthias, Archd. (Austria), 205 
Maud, Queen of Norway, 13 

„ Duff; Lady, n 
Maurice, Pr. (Battenberg), 82 
Max Emmanuel, Pr. (Thurn<& T.), 199 
Maximilian, Archdss. (Mexico), 245 
,, Prss. (Baden), 85 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ „ (Saxony), 162 
„ Eugene, Archd. (Aust.), 163 
" May," Princess, 103 
Mecklenb.-Schwerin, Gd. Dss. of, 88 
Mecklenb.-Strelitz, Dow. Gd. Dss. of, 

94, Gd. D. 95; house, 96-100 
Mensdorff-Pouilly, house, 109-30 
,, „ Alphonse, Ct. von, 121 
„ „ Hugo, Ct. von, 123 
„ „ Bietrichstein, Ct. Albert, 

Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 245 
Militza, Cr. Prss. of Montenegro, g3 
Nadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 215 
Naples— see Bourbon-Sicily 
Nemours, house, 216-32 
Nepomuk-Paschalis,Ct. Fras. J. v., 120 
Nicholas II., Emp. of Russia, 53 

,, Pr. (Roumania), 171 
Norivay, King of, 13 
Oberndorff, C:ss. no 
Olaf, Cm. Pr. of Norway, 14 
Olga, Ctss. (Dielr.-Nicolsb.), 125 

„ G. Dss. (Russia), 54 

„ Prss. (Cumberland), 89 

„ „ v. Dietrichstein-N.,123 
Oporto, D. of, 143 
Orleans, D. of, 194 

,, Pr. Emmanuel of, 224 

,, ,, Ferdinand 01, 221 


„ ,, Gaston of, 217 ; house, 218-20 
„ Prss. Blanche of, 232 
„ see also 145, 177 
Oscar, Pr. (Prussia), 22 
Otho Fras. Jos., Archd. (Aust.), 158 
Otto, Pr. ( Windisch-Griilz), 236 
Parma— see 211 
Paul, Pr. (Sparta), 35 
Pawel- Ramming en. Bn. von, 91 
Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 182 
Philip, i). ( Wiirtemberg), 133; house, 
133-9 , 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 
„ „ (Saxa-Coburg), 178 & 188 
„ Albert, 1). ( Wiirtemberg), 134 
Pierre, Pr. (Orleans), 218 
Portugal, Antonia, Infanta of, 163 
„ Dow. Qn. of, 144 
,, King of, ?45 ; house, 144-8 

Portugal, see also 219 
Preslav (Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 
Proskau- Leslie— see 122 
Prussia, Fredc. III. of, house, 17-43 
„ Pr. Fredk. Leop. of , 232 
„ William II. of, 17; house, 18-24 
„ see also 71 
Rainer, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 187 
Reuss, Her. Pr. of, 253 ; house, 262 5 

„ Prss. Heinrich XXX. of, 26 
[For Prince Luitpold see Directory.] 
Richard, Pr. (Hesse), 42 
Robert, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 141 
Roumania, Pr. of, 168 ; house, 169-72 
Russia, Emp. of, 53; house, £4-8 
„ G. Dss. Sergius of, 50 
„ see also 59 and Directory 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 289 
Savoy, Prss. of, 144 
Saxe-Altenburg— see 83 
Saxe-Coburg, D. of, 77; Dss. of, 59; 
house, 60-4 
„ Pr. Augustus of, 181 ; house 182-91 
Saxe-Meiningen, Her. Pr. of, 25 
„ Prss. Feodora of, 26 
„ George II. of, 288 ; house, 289-56 
Saxony, King of, 151 ; house, 150 62 

„ Pr. John George of, 161 
Schaumburg-Lippe, Pr. Adolphus of , 30 
Schleswig- Hoist., Pr. Christian of, 65; 
house, 66-9 
„ see Holstein and note to No. 65 
Sergius, G. Dss. (Russia), 50 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary- Aldringen), 114 [ 

,, D. (Bavaria), zcS 
Sigismund, Pr. (Prussia), 29 
Sophia, Archdss. (Austria), 203 
„ Ctss. (Kinsky), 113 
,, Dss. (Sparta), 31 
„ Prss. (Orleans), 226 
Sparta, D. of. 31 ; house, 32-6 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 235 
„ Prss. (Hohemollern), 174 
Sweden, Prss. Gustavus of, 72 
Tatiana, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 55 
Teck, D. of, 103 ; house, 102-8 
Theresa, Ctss. (Clary- Aldringen), 114 

„ Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 189 
Thum & Taxis, Pr. of, 195; house, 196 

Tlryra, Dss. of Cumberland, 84 
Tirnova (Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of, 212 
Tsarevitch, The, 58 
T uscany—see 151, 183 
Ulrich, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 142 
" Valda," Ctss. (Gleichen). 270 
Vendome, Due de, 224 
Victor, Prss. (Hohenl.), 267 
Victoria, Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
,, Prss. of Battenberg, 45 
„ „ (Leiningen), 248 
„ ,, (Reuss), 2S2 
,, „ (Schaumburg-L.), 30 
„ (Schleswig-Holst.), 68 
„ (U.K.), 12 
„ Adel., Prss. (Holst.-Glucks.), 275 
„ Alexandra, Prss. (Wales), 5 
„ Constance, Prss. (Teck), 105 
„ Eugenie, Piss. (Battenberg), 80 
,, Louisa, Prss. (Prussia), 24 
„ Margaret, do. (do.), 283 
„ Mary, Prss. of Wales. 103 
„ Melita, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 62 
„ Patricia, Prss. (Connaught), 74 
Waldeck <k Pyrmont— see 75 
Waldemar, Pr. (Prussia), 28 
Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, 118 
Wales, Pr. of, 2 ; house, 3-8 
William, Her. Pr. of Hohenzoll., 164 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, \3 
„ II., German Emperor, 17 
}1 iii'I !>:<:!i -Grutz, Pr. Otto zu, 236 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 231 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
Worth, D. of— see Thurn <& Taxis 
Wiirtemberg, D. Philip of, 132 ; bouse, 

Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 



H.I.M. the late "Victoria, Empress Frederic : 

H.I.M. "William II. , German Emperor surviving children 

H.E.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen „ 

H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia 

H.E.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe „ 

H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta i... ,, 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse 

H.M. Edward VIE. : 

H.R.H. George, Prince of "Wales 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Pife „ 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

• H.R.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark „ 

H.R.H. the late Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse : 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg „ 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia ,, 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Henry above) ,, 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse ,, 

H.I.M. Alexandra, Empress of Russia ,, 

H.R.H. the late Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : 

H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania ,, 

H.R.H. Victoria Melita, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) ,, 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg ,, 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg „ 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein : 
H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 

H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. Princess Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. 
H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught. 
H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 

H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 
H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck. 
H.R.H. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg. 

H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg : 
H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 
H.H. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. 
H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 
H.H. Prince Maurice of Battenberg. 

Total number of Third Generation 47 


The rules furnished earlier on, with reference to the Descent of the Nobility, will enable any j 
oerson to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only i 
lifference to be observed being that daughters are eligible for succession in order of their own j 
seniority, but not till after the youngest of the sons. Thus after the Prince of Wales and his five { 
sons would come his daughter; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children of the 

Mildest in preference to the second sister ; then the second daughter of the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, 
lis eldest daughter, now the Crown Princess of Roumania, having formally renounced on her 

H Bandage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg branch, 
ve treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thus exhausted the families of all her 

I ate Majesty's sons we turn to her daughters, beginning with the house of the late Empress Fredenc, 

|Lnd thus, just beyond the 20th on the list, we anive at the German Emperor, and at this point it 
nay well appear that the investigation has gone far enough. It may, however, be worth noting that 
rranddaughters who are descended from sons will by the above law take precedence of daughters 

I ven if these are older than those sons (the daughter of the late Duke of Albany ranking prior to 

I he line of the late Empress Frederic), as well as precedence of such sons as are not older. Compare 

I ier late Majesty's succession in preference to the Duke of Cumberland. 


q o 
N ft 


H • . 

D. Ernes 
of S.-Co 
& Goth; 





-S aK) 


ft £ 




| It will at once be noticed, that the Hanover Line is here exhibited by thick lines, and that of 

; Saxe-Coburg by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the ist and 3rd 
places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Frederick Duke 
of York, who died in 1827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Charlotte Princess Royal, who must 
be carefully distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 
and first consort of King Leopold I., whose death in childbirth (1817) caused such general regret. 
Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two mere daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Eliza- 
beth, then the Dukes of Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, and lastly the Princesses Mary, Sophia, 
and Elizabeth, and the infant Princes Octavius and Alfred. To avoid overcrowding we have had to 
omit these live names from the table as well as those of the before-mentioned daughters. 

Turning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Eeigning j 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld from 1800 till his death in 1806. He was succeeded by his eldest ! 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthony, Duke Ernest I. of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter Principality j 
having been acquired by a family compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meiningen. The ! 
Duke died in 1844 and was followed by the elder of his two sons, Ernest Augustus Charles, Duke j 
Ernest PL, the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.R.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and 

I he in turn by his nephew the Duke of Albany. As elsewhere notified, the succession would 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of Wales (now King Edward VII. ) as eldest son of the Prince 

jConsort, the preceding Duke's brother ; but His Royal Highness, as heir to the English throne, 
had formally renounced his claim in 1863. 

[ Returning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess 
jof Mensdorif-Pouilly and Duchess Alexander of Wiirtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand, j 
whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, whilst the 2nd married a Princess of the Bourbon- 
Orleans House, and a daughter became Duchess of Nemours. Some of the descendants of these ! 
^returned by marriage to Saxe-Coburg or passed to Saxony, Hohenzollern, Bavaria, or Austria, which j 
■States, with the already noted Belgium, Wiirtemberg, Portugal, France, and others that might 
jbe added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen, Mecklenburg, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, I 
i Bulgaria, Roumania, Russia, and Denmark, make up considerably the larger portion of Europe for ! 
the regions into which our present Royal Family has spread or from which its alliances have been 

Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Princesses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
able : the former, Princess Juliana, married the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, but after twenty- 
ifour years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
;hikL the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
nentioned, who, after the death of the Princess Charlotte, married the eldest daughter of King Louis 
Philippe, by whom he became father of his present Majesty, King Leopold II. "We have reserved 
;:or the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the Princess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late 
Majesty Queen Victoria, but in the first place wife of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 
vas Reigning Prince of Leiningen, and whose two children, Prince Charles Emich his successor and 
Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents 
j. especially the latter) of the extensive lines of first cousins of His Majesty numbered 246-96 in our 
ist of the Royal Relatives. 

After the death of Prince Emich Charles the Princess Victoria married the Duke of Kent, and their 
>nly issue was our late Queen. By their marriage the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg 
;Vere again united after the unhappy severing of their former alliance by the death of Princess 
bharlotte; but the subsequent union of her late Majesty with Prince Albert, son of Duke Ernest 
;[-., effected a second amalgamation from which the two Houses have seemed to become practically 
dentified. j 
I The death of Queen Victoria occurred on the 22nd of January, 1901, in the 82nd year of her age and 
I he 64th of her reign— distinguished as being the longest in English history. The nearest approach 
|.o it, that of George III., was clearly short of 60, and it is singular that the only other Monarchs who 
[attained to a sovereignty of half a century were al so both of them the third of their respective names— 
lenry III., 56, and Edward III., 50. 


i The system of alphabetical arrangement is carried consistently out^ to the entire 
j ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
: rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a single alphabet. We accord- 
I ingly adopt the following order in cases of more than one person having the same 
surname or title : — First a surname standing alone (family name) ; then the titles of 
j honour, in the alphabetical order — Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop, Count, Duke, 
I Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord, Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Viscount 
i (the widotvs of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as "Baron," 
"Baron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady" and " Lady " being used almost 
\ exclusively as references ; then follow those having a Christian name in the heading 
| (chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
| by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain, Hon., Lady, Lord, Reverend, 
I &c, being printed in small letters and wholly ignored in the alphabetising. A Baronet 
| or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname, Baronets are arranged in the alphabetical 
: order of their topographical distinctions ; their widows similarly (but in one paragraph), 
! and two or more of the same line in order of seniority; Knights and their widows, in 
j the order of their Christian names. The list under a simple surname is exhausted before 
j the compounds of that name are commenced, and an arrangement is adopted which 
I brings all the names of the same compound together. Compound names connected by a 
j hyphen are placed under the second or last name, unless some other is the only one in 
: use; but titles (as " Castle Cuffe," "Mount Edgcumbe," " Saye and Sele," "Burdett- 
Coutts," which is title and name both, and such forms as " Egerton of Tatton " and 
"Willoughby de Broke") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencing 
with St., De, Le, Van, &c, stand under the respective prefixes. " M' " is treated as if 
spelt Mac, and "St." as Saint. See for illustration the Preliminary List under 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
| to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. 

! Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of former Peers are omitted. " Heir to 
I Dukedom, " or other leading title, implies as a rule heir to all the titles borne ; when 

otherwise it is so stated. The expressions, '' Title of heir when a son " and "Title of 
i eldest son " of course refer only to sons of the existing Peer. In the Indexes to surnames 

the same person is often repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names — 

simply because the first is not always the one in conventional use. The addition 

sep. implies a separate entry under the surname. 

Under Baronets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in italics in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a surviving widow of an extinct line, or 
j where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Bailey and Baillie). 

j Under Knights, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed in higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate the date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir." Native Indian and Honorary Companions of Orders 
(also Hon. C.V.O.'s and generally now most Honorary Knights) are not inserted. 
Military Knights and Companions marked {e.g.) "D.S.O. ( 1 900-1 )" were so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen. 

j One Club is given (if known) when there is no other address, but not otherwise unless 
from some specially stated reason. 

The "Cautions as to Spelling of Titles &c." will now be found at the close of the Introduction immediately 
before Eoyal Family 







ABADIE, Capt. Eustace Henry Egremont, 
).S.O. (1900-1), gth Lancers; S.Africa 1899-1900 : 
). 1877. 

ABADIE, Maj.-Gen. Henry Richard, OB. 
Mil. 1891), Abyss. 1867-8 and Afghn. 1878-80, 
ate Lt.-Gov. of Jersey, ret. 1904, is Hon. Col. 
}adet Corps of Chann. Islds. Mil. : b. 1841. Club, 
J. S^rv. 

ABBOT, family name of Colchester Barony. J 
To issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenterden Barony. 
Ifo issue retaining the name. 
ABBOTT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Edith, 
au. of Jas. Solomon, Esq.), mar. 1883, as 2nd wife, 
Con. Sir Jos. Palmer Abbott, K.C.M.G., formerly 
peaker of Legisl. Assemb. N.S.W. (d. 1901). Res., 
'arella, St. Leonard's, Sydney. 
ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Frederick William, D.S.O. 
1902), N.Z. Rough Riders; S. Africa 1900-2: 
. 1865. Res., Abbot's Rd., Mt. Eden, Auckland. 
ABBOTT, Brig.-Gen. Hexry Alexius, C.B. 
Mil. 1898), I.A., Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 2nd 
[iranzai, Tirah 1897-8, now comdg. Ferozepore 
! Tigade : b. 1849. 
ABBOTT, Col. Herbert Edward Stacy, 
».S.O. (1896), R.E., Afghn. 1879-81, Hazara 1888 
ad 1891, and Chitral Relief ; late Supt. Engr. in 
unjab Works Dept., now comdg. R.E. at Ply- 
mouth : b. 1855. 

ABDUL KARIM, C.V.O. (1899), OLE. (1895), 
J .te Ind. Sec. to Queen Victoria, prev. an Ind. 
J ovt. clerk : b. 1863. Res., in India. 
ABDY, Baronet. Sir William Neville 
bdy, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1850), High Sheriff of Essex 
U84, has been a student interpreter in China : 
>n of 1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1877, mar. 1902, 2nd 
1 ife, Eliza Sarah (whom he divorced 1905), dau. 
I ' Oscar W. Beech, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
Sipt. Anthony Charles Sykes A. (b. 1848, mar. 
llg. 1886; 2nd heir, next surv. bro., Henry 
I sadon, b. 1853) . Seat, Albyns, Romford, Essex; 
Iwn res., 66 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 
I ABDY, Hon. Mrs. Anthony, dau. of 4th Bn. 

acdonald, and wife of above heir to Btcy. 
11 A BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady a B. 
usannah Emily, dau. of the lateBenj. Eccleston, 

Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Albert a Beckett, Kt. Bach, 
(just created), of the War Office (d. 1904). Res., 
6 Brompton Sq., S.W. 

ABEKCOKN, Duke of. James Hamilton, 2nd 
Duke {Irel.), sits as 3rd Marq. of A. {Gt. Br.) 
and is 11th Earl of A. {Scot.), holding thus a title 
in each of the three kingdoms, and being also 
Due de Chatelherault {France) ; K.G. (1892), P.C. 
(Irel. 1887), C.B. (Civ. 1885), M.A., Head of the 
House of Hamilton, Groom of the Stole to 
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales (formerly Lord of the 
Bedchamber to H.M. when holding that title) ; 
Lieut, of Co. Donegal and a CO for Tyrone, a 
memb. of Roy. Co. of Archers, and Hon. Col. 
North of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. ; an M.P. 1860-80 
(as Vise, and aftds, Marq. of Hamilton) : son of 
1st D. ; b. Aug. 24, 1838; sue. 1885 (0.) ; mar. 
1869 Lady Mary Anna Curzon, dau. of 1st Earl 
Howe. Seat, Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, 
Co. Tyrone ; town res., Hampden House, 61 Green 
St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Ckeations. Scot. : Ld. of Paisley, 1587 ; Ld. of Aber- 
corn, 1603 ; E. of Abercorn, and Ld. of Hamilton, 
Mountcastle, and Kilpatrick, 1606. Irel. : Ld. Hamil- 
ton, Bn. of Strabane, 1617 ; Vise. Strabane and Bn. 
Mountcastle, 1701 ; D. of Abercorn and M. of Hamilton, 
i863. Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of Abercorn 
1790. France : Due de Chatelherault, 1549 (see that art.). 
—Among the ancestors of this line were the Scottish 
Lords of Cadzow and Earls of Arran (the former title 
feudal and extinct, the letter now passed to the Duke of 
Hamilton— see that title). The 2nd son of the 2nd Earl 
was created Marquess of Hamilton, and is the founder 
of that elder branch of the family from which, though 
afterwards only on the maternal side, the Dukes of 
Hamilton derive their origin. The 4th son of the same 
Earl was given the Paisley Lordship, and his successor 
was made Lord and afterwards Earl of Abercorn, with 
the accompanying titles of 1606. The two Peerages thus 
parted off : the 3rd Marqt. of Hamilton was made Duke 
of the same, and the marriage of his daughter and 
successor with the Earl of Selkirk, son of the 1st Marq. 
of Douglas, constituted the Hamilton line of Dukes 
the representatives on the female side of the older 
branch of the house of Hamilton, whilst the male heir- 
ship passed to the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, through whose 
relatives the younger branch is continued in the present 
Dukes of the latter title— their line having all along 
followed male descent and thus made them the heads of 
the house of Hamilton, as the Hamilton Dukes are of 
that of Douglas. A brother of the 2nd Earl of Aber- 
corn was made Lord Hamilton of Strabane, being thus 
the first in the house to hold an Irish title in this dis- 
tinctly Scottish family; the 6th Earl, who resided 
mostly in Ireland, was promoted to be Vise. Strabane in 


9 8 


Directory of Peerage, 


the same Peerage. The ist Duke of Abercorn was Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland: ho was the 10th Scottish. Earl, 
the 8th having received the British title of Vise. Hamil- 
ton, and the 9th that of Marq. of Abercorn. The French 
Dukedom was conferred upon the 2nd Earl of Arran, as 
stated under " Chatclherault." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (2nd) D.: 

Marq. of Hamilton, heir to Dukedom : James Albert 
Edward H., M.P. for Londonderry City (C.) and 
Treas. of the Househd., IMaj. North of Ireld. Imper. 
Yeom., late Capt. ist Life Gds. : b. i860, mar. 1894 
Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, dau. of 
4th E. of Lucan. Res., 15 Montagu Sq., W. Issue : 
Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia B., b. 1896. 
Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix H., b. 1897. 
Lady Katharine H., b. igoo. 

Lord Paisley, 2nd heir: James Edward H., 
b. 1904. 

The deceased Lord Claud Penn H., b & d. 1871. 

The deceased Lord Chariie H., b. & d. 1874. 

Lady Alexandra Phyllis //., b. 1876. 

The deceased Lord Claud Francis //., b. & d. 1878. 

Lady Gladys Ma>y // Ctss. of Wickloio, b. 1880, 

mar. 1902 7th Earl of W., q.v. 
Lord Arthur John //., Lieut. Irish Gds., b. 1883. 
A deceased son, b. & d. 1886. 
Lord Claud Nigel //., k i38g. 

Surviving issue of 1st D. (bros. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

Lady Harriet Georgiana Louisa, now Dow. Clss. of 
Lichfield (q.v.), b. 1834, mar. 1855 2nd Earl of L. 
(d. 1892). 

Lady Louisa Jane, now Dchss. of Buccleuch, V.A., b. 

1836, mar. 1859 6th Duke of B., q.v. 
(Present Duke, b. 1838.) 

Lady Georgiana Susan, now Ctss. Winterton, b. 1841, 
mar. 1882 5th Earl \V\, q.v. 

Lord Claud John //., Hon. Col. 5th Batt. Roy. 
Innisk. Fus. (Mil.), Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
and High Steward of Yarmouth, formerly Capt. 
Gren. Gds., an A.D.C. to Queen Victoria and the 
Lord Lieut, of Ireld., a Juu. Lord of Treas. 1868, 
an M.P. 1865-88: b. 1843, mar. 1878 Carolina, dau. of 
the late Edwd. S. Chaudos-Pole, Esq. (Lady Claud 
John H.). Res., 4 Hans Mansions, Chelsea, S.W. 

Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis M., M.P., b. 1845, see 
"Hamilton, Priv. Co unc." 

Lady Albertha Frances Anne //., formerly Mchss. of 
L'landford, and often still so called incorrectly : 
b. 1847, mar. 1869, as ist wife, the Marq. of B., but 
obtd. divorce shortly before his succession as 8th 
D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute a few 
weeks after succession) : is mother of the present 
Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., "\V. 

Lady Maud Evelyn, now Mcliss. of Lansdowne, V.A., 
C.I. : b. 1850, mar. 1869 5th Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer //., an M. V. 1885-6 and 1892-5, 
has been Sec. to Brit. Embassies or Legations at 
Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos Aires, 
late Editor of tin Pall Mall Magazine: b. 1856. 
Res., Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, Co. Tyrone ; 
13 Gt. College St., Westinr., S.W. 

Lord Ernest William //..formerly Capt. nth Hussars, 
an M.P. 1885-92 : b. 1858, mar. 1891 Pamela Louisa 
Augusta Ambrose, dau. of Capt. Fredc. A. Camp- 
bell, son of the ist Bt. of Thames Ditton (Lady 
Ernest A/.). Res., Shantock Hall, Bovingdon, 
Hemel Hempstead. Herts. 

ABEECEOMBY, family name of following 

ABERCEOMBY, Baron. George Ralph 
Campbell Abercromby, 4th Bn. (U.K.), late 
a D.L for Stirlingsh. : son of 3id Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 23, 1838; sue. 1852 (L.)\ mar. 1858 Lady 
Julia Janet Georgiana Duncan, V.A., dau. of 2nd 
E*. of Camperdown. Seats, Pern Tower, Crieff, 
Perthsh. ; Tullibody Castle, Clackmannan ; town 
res., 14 Grosvenor St., W. (The Lady Aber- 
cromby, 39 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W., with 
her bro. the Earl of Camperdown.) 

Creation. Bn. Ahercromby, U.K. 1801.— Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Ahercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in 1801. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Ahercromby.) 

Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of 
present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Ctss. of Glasgow, q.v., 

b. 1835, mar. 1856 6th Earl of G. (d. 1890). 
(Preskkt Baron, b. 1838.) 

Hon. John A., heir pres. to Barony, formerly Capt. 
Highl. Bord. Mil. and Lieut, Rifle Brigade : b. 1841, 
mar. 1876 Adele W. M. von Heidenstara, but 
obtained diverse 1879. Res., 62 Palmerston PL, 
Edinburgh. (No 2nd heir.) 

ABERCEOMBY, Baronet. Sir George 
William Abercromby, 8th Bt. (Scot. 1636), Chief of 
the Abercromby Clan, 2nd Lieut. 3rd Batt. Gord. 
Highldrs. (Mil.): son of 7th Bt., b. 1886, sue. 
1895. Heir pres., his bro. Robert Alexander 
(b. 1895 ; 2nd heir, their uncle Captain George 
Cosmo A., b. 1854). Seats, Birkenbog, Banffsh., 
nr. Turriif ; Eorglen House, ditto (let) ; Eermoy, 
Co. Cork ; Castle Douglas, KirkcudbtK. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Ctss. of Northbrook. 

ABEBDAEE, Baron. Henry Campbell Bruce, 
2nd En. (U.K.), Y.D., a B.I,, for Glamorgan, 
late Lt.-Col. 3rd Yol. Batt. Welsh Eegt. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. June 19, 1851 ; sue. 1895 (L.) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of Hamilton Beckett, 
Esq. Seats, Duffryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorg. ; 
Longwood, Winchester; town res., 83 Eaton Sq.. 

Creation. Bn. Aberdare, U.K. 1873.— The ist Bn. had 
been Home Sec. in Mr. Gladstone's first Ministry. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Lynduurst B., heir to Barony, 

late Lieut. 3rd Batt. Hants. Eegt. (Mil.): b. 1881. 
Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Visctss. Newport, b. 1882, 
mar. 1904 Vise. N., eld. son and heir of 4th E. of 

Hon. Clarence Napier B., 2nd heir, b. 1885. 

The deceased Violet B., b. & d. 1887. 

Hon. John Hamilton />'., b. 1889. 

Hon. Eva Isabel Marian B., b. 1892. 

Hon. Constance Pamela Alice B., b. 1895. 

Hon. Victor Austin />'., b. 1897. 

The deceased Hon. Robert B., b. & d. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists., half-bros., and 
half -sists. of present Bn.) : 


Eon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vernon- Har court, b. 1848, mar. 1872 Aug. Geo.' 
V.-H., Esq. Res., St. Clare, Ryde, I.W. 

Hon. Jessie Frances, now Hon. Mrs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 1849, mar. 1878 Rev. Jno. Wm. W.-J. 
Res., Lianbeblig Vic., Carnarvon. 

(Present Baron, b. 1851.) 


Hon. Caroline Louisa B., b. 1855. Res., Pen Pole 

House, Shirehampton, Bristol. 
Hon. Sarah Napier, now Hon. Mrs. Montague Muir- 

Mackenzie, b. 1856, mar. 1888 Mont. Johnstone 

M.-M., Esq., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt M.-M., 2nd 

Bt. Res. ,21 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W., and with preceding. 
Hon. William Napier B., C.B. (Civ. 1905), barrister- 

at-law, Princ. Assist. Sec. Educ. Bd., : b. 1858, mar. 

i382 Emily, dau. of the late Gen Sir Wm. M. S. 

MacMurdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. AVilliam B.). Res., 

jj4 Lcinster Gdns., Bay swat er, W. 
Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion Russell, 

h. 1860, mar. 1887 Champ. Branfill R., Esq. Res., 

Stubbers, North Ockendon, Bomford, Essex. 
Hon. Elizabeth Fox, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Matheson, 

b. 1861, mar. 1896 Percy Ewing M., Esq. Res., 

1 Savile Ed., Oxford. 
Hon. Pamela Georgina/?.,b. 1862. Res., 222 Banbury 

Rd., Oxford. I 
Hon. Charles Granville B., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 

Maj. I.A., served with Tirah Expedn. 1897-8 : b. 

1866, mar. 1894 Finetta Madelina Julia, dau. of Col. ' 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



Sir Edwd. F. Campbell, 2nd Bt. of Thames 
Ditton (Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore B., Vice-Princ. of Somerville 
Coll. Oxford, b. 1867. 

ABERDEEN, Bishop of— not yet appointed. 
Bes., Bishop's Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN, Earl of. John Campbell 
Gordon, 7th Earl (Scot.) and a Bt., sits as 
Vise. Gordon (U.K.) ; P.O. (Gt. Br. 1886), 
G.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L. ; Lord 
[i Lieut, of Aberdeensh. and a D.L. for Co. of 
I City of Aberdeen; late Gov.-Gen. of Canada 
and has been Lord-Lieut, of Ireland, and 
I five years Lord High Commissr. to Ch. of 
! Scotld. : son of 5th E., bro. of 6th, and grandson of 
the Premier of 1852-5 ; b. Aug. 3, 1847 ; sue. 1870 
(L.) ; dropped name of Hamilton 1900 ; mar. 1877 
Hon. Ishbel Maria Marjoribanks, dau. of 1st Bn. 
it Tweedmouth. Seats, Haddo House, Aberdeen; 
The Lodge, Tarland, Aboyne R.S.O. , Aberdeensh. ; 
Coldstream Planch, Brit. Columbia ; town res., 58 
Grosvenor St., W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1642 ; E. of Aberdeen, Vise. 
Pormartine, and Bn. Haddo, Methlic, Tarves, and 
jl Kellie, 1682. U.K.: Vise. Gordon, 1814,— Associated in 
origin with the house of Huntly. The 1st Earl was Lord 
Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th Earl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (7th) E. (name Gordon) : 

Lord Haddo, heir to Earldom : George (?., a D.L. 

for Aberdeensh., b. 1879. 
Lady Marjorie Adeline, now Lady M. Sinclair, b. 1880, 
mar. 1904 Capt. John S., M.P., grandson of Sir 
Jno. R. G. Sinclair, 7th Bt. of I)unbea,th. Res., 2 
Cambridge Sq., W. 
The deceased Lady Dorothea Mary G., b. & d. 1882. 
Hon. Dudley Gladstone G., 2nd heir, Capt. 2nd Vol. 

Batt. Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Archibald Ian (?., b. 1884. 

Surviving issue of ^thE. (sists. of present and 6th): 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1841, lost at sea 1870, unmrrd.) 
Lady Mary, now The Lady Polwarth, b. 1844, mar- 

1863 8th Bn. P., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady H. Lindsay, b. 1849, mar. 
1870 Wm. Alex. L., Esq., K.C., Windsor Herald. 
Res., Deer Pk., Honiton, Devon : 17 Cromwell Rd., 

Lady Katherine Eliza, now The Lady Balfour of 
Burleigh, b. 1852, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.v. 

Issue of 4th E. (uncle of present ; name Hamilton- 
Gordon, so the preceding list bef. mrrge.) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1816, d. 1864.) 
Bn. Stanmore, q.v., b. 1829, formerly Hon. Sir Arthur 
H.-G., G.C.M.G., whose family is thus a branch of 
that of Aberdeen. 
— Daus.-in-law : 

Hon. Lady H.-G., see "Gordon, H.-, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Ellen Susan Anne H.-G., ne'e Douglas, dau. of 
19th E. of Morton, b. 1824, mar. 1851 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Douglas H.-G., Canon of Salisbury (d. 
1901). Res., The Close, Salisbury. 

ABERDOUR, Lord (by courtesy— title, Scot. 
IU458), eld. son and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABERGAVENNY (pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
quess of. "William Nevill, 1st Marq. (U.K.), 
j K.G. (1885), Lord-Lieut, of Sussex and Eon. Col. 

W. Kent and Suss. Imper. Yeomanries, formerly 
j Lieut, in 2nd Life Gds. : son of 4th Earl of A. ; 

>. Sept. 16, 1826; sue. as 5th Earl 1868, cr. Marq. 
[ 876 (C); mar. 1848 the late Caroline (d. 1892), 

lau. of Sir John Vanden-B.- Johnstone, 2nd Bt., 
i tnd sist. of 1st Bn. Dei-vent. Seats &c, Eridge 
! Castle, Sussex, nr. Tunb. Wells; Nevill Ct., 
I Abergavenny, Monm. ; 9 Chichester Terr., 
'. Brighton; town res., 64 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Bag. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke first uses the form Abergavenny 
under the 9th Bn., sue. 1622). Gt. Br.: E. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K. : M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The 1st Bn. Bergavenny 
was son of the isfc Earl of Westmorland and uncde of 
the famous " King-Maker," Earl of Warwick. The 17th 
Bn. was created Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 


Issue of present (1st) 31.: 

The deceased Hon. Caroline Louisa -V., b. 1849, d. 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady Cicely Gathorne- 
Hardy, b. 1831, mar. 1872 Col. Hon. Chas. Gathorne 
G.-H., son of 1st E. of Cranbrook, q.v. 

Earl of Lewes, heir to Marquessate : Reginald 
William Biunsby K., formerly Lieut. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, b. 1353. 

Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph If., 2nd heir, Hon. 
Lt.-Col., late Maj., Suss. Imper. Yeomanry: b. 
1834, mar. 1886, 2nd wife, Maud Augusta, dau. of 
Win. Beckett, Esq., M.P. (Lady Henry K.). Res., 
Eridge Castle, Tunb. Wells ; 43 Wilton Cresc., S.W. 

Lord George Montacute iV., a D.L. for Sussex, 
b. 1856, mar. i382 Florence Mary, dau. of Temple 
Soanes, Esq. (Lady George iV~). .Res., Dane Gate 
House, Eridge, Tunb. Wells. 

The late Lady Alice Maud, af tds. Morland, b. 1858, d. 
1898, having mar. 1334 Maj. Henry Courtenay M. 

Lord William Beauchamp N., formerly A.D.C. to 
Viceroy of Ireland, b. i860, mar. 1889 Luisa Maria 
Carmen de Murrieta, dau. of Marq. de Santurce 
(Lady Wm. N. ; res., 72 Eaton PI., S.W.). 

Lord Richard Plantagenet N., B.A., a D.L. for 
Sussex, was A. D. C. to Lord Tennyson in Australia 
and Priv. Sec. to Vise. Cranbrook : b. 1862. Club, 

Lady Idina Mary, now Lady I. Brassey, b. 1865, 

mar. 1889 Hon. Thos. Aiinutt B., son and heir of 

1st Bn. Brassey, q.v. 
Lady Rose, now Ctss. of Cottenham, b. 1866, mar., 

1st, 1887, Jno. B. Leigh, Est)., who obtcl. divorce 

1S99 : ziidly, 1899, 4th Earl of C, q.v. 
Lady Violet, now Lady V. Myddelion, but adhering 

to the title Ctss. Cowley, b. x865 (twin with Lady 

Rose), mar., 1st, 1889, 3rd Earl Cowley, but obtd. 

divorce 1897; 2ndly, 1898, Robt. Edwd. 21., Esq. 

Res., Church Leys, Rearsby, Leicester. 

Surviving issue of 4th E. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent M.) : 
(Present Marquess and 5th Earl, b. 1826.) 
Lady Henrietta Augusta, now Lady AngastarLloyd- 
Mostyn, b. 1830, mar. 1855 the late Hon. Thos. E. 
Mostyn Ll.-M. (d. 1861), son of 2nd Bn. Mostyn, q.v. 
Lady Isabel Mary Frances, now Lady I. Bligh, b. 
1831, mar. 1854 Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Vesey B. s son 
of 5th E. of Darnley, q.v. 
Hon. Ralph Pelham iV., formerly Capt. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, is a D. L. for the Co., High Sheriff 
1896: b. 1832, mar. i860 Louisa Marianne, dau. of 
Sir Chas. F. Maclean, 9th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. Ralph V.). 
Res., Biding Manor, Maidstone ; 9 Basil St., 
Sloane St., S.W. 
Widow of a cousin of present If. : 

Lady Dorothy Fanny N., nde Lady D. F. Walpole, 
dau of 3rd E. of Orford, b. 1826, mar. 1847 the late 
Regd. Hy. ^V., Esq., nephew of 2nd E. and 1st 
cous. once rem. of present M. (he died 1873). Res., 
45 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
(Scot. 1633)— see "Hamilton, D. of." 

(Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABERRTJTHVEN &c, Baron (Scot. 1707)— see 
"Montrose, D. of." 

ABINGDON, Earl of. Montagu Arthur 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7th Earl (Eng.), a D.L. 
for Berks, and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Berks. 
Regt. (Mil.), is heir pres. to the Lindsey Earl- 
dom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 13, 1836; sue. 
1884 (0.) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late Caroline 
Theresa, dau. of Chas. Towneley, Esq. (she died 
1873) ; 2ndly, 1883, Gwendeline Mary, dau. of 

I 2 

too ABI 

Directory of Peerage, 


Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas. C. Dormer, K.C.B., and 
sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, "Wytham 
Abbey, Oxford. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Norreys, 1572 bv writ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The 1st Bn. Norreys or N orris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
and Bn. was created Earl of Berkshire, but that title 
expired at his death, whilst the Norreys Buy. descended 
through his daughter to his great-grandson, afterwards 
created Earl of Abingdon. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present {jth) E. : 


Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund Talbot, b. 
1859, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard T., M.P., son 
of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 

Lord Norreys, heir to Earldom : Montague Charles 
Francis Tmvneley- Bertie, a D.L. for Berks., formerly 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Berks. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. i860, mar. 1885 Hon. Rose Rivers- 
dale Glyn, sist. of 4th Bn. Wolverton, and granted 
the rank of a Bn.'s dau. : has assumed (without 
licence) the addit. name of Towneley. Res., 2 Nor- 
folk Cresc, Edgware Rd., W. Issue : 
Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., b. 1886. 
Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 
heir to Earldom, b. 1887. 

The deceased Hon. Arthur John B., b. 1861, d. 1862. 

Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Reyntiem, b 
1865, mar., 1st, 1890, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal, 
K.C.M.G. (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1897, Comdt. Reyntiens, 
A.D.C. to the King of the Belgians. -Res., Brussels. 

The late Lady Cecil Josephine, aftds. Kenna, b. 1873, 
d. 1895, having in that year mar. Lt.-Col. Paul K., 


Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary B., b. 1885. 
Hon. Arthur Michael B., b. 1886. 
Lady Betty Constance Mary B., b. 1895. 
Hon. James Willoughby B., b. 1901. 

Issue of 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1838. 

Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. Bicker steth, b. 
1843, mar. 1883 Robt. B., Esq., son of 2nd Bp. of 
Ripon. Res., 70 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

Rt. Hon. and Hon. Sir Francis Leveson B., G.C.V.O., 
b. 1844, see "Bertie, P.C." 

Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A, b. 1846, 
mar. 1881 Lady Caroline Elizabeth M'Bonnell, dau. 
of 10th E. of Antrim. Res., Gedling Rect., Not- 

Lady Frances Evelyn B., a nun, b. 1848. Res., Con- 
vent of the Visitation, Harrow-on-the-Hill. 

Hon. George Aubrey Vere B., formerly Lt.-Col; 
1st Batt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in Zulu War 1879 : 
b. 1850, mar. 1885 Harriet Blanche Elizabeth (Hon. 
Mrs. Geo. B.), dau. of Sir Walter R. Farquhar, 3rd 
Bt. Res.. Maresfield, E. Cowes, LAV. 

Hon. Charles Claude B., formerly Lieut. 47th Foot, 
b. 1851, widower. 

Hon. Reginald Henry B., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Col. retd., 
late comdg. 2nd Batt. Ro3 r . Welsh Fus., served in 
Crete 1897-8, China 1900 : b. 1856, mar. 1892 Lady 
Amy Evelyn Courtenay, dau. of the late Ld. 
Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Devon. Res., 
Ebworth Pk., Stroud, Glouc. 

— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Feodorowna Cecilia B. , nt'e Wellesley, dau. of 
1st Earl Cowley and wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Fras. B. 
Lady Caroline Eliz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 
Lady Amy Evelyn B., see Hon. Reginald. 

ABINGER, Baron. Shelley Leopold Lau- 
rence Scarlett, 5th Bn. {U.K.), Capt. in 3rd Batt. 
Beds. Regt. (Mil.), late Hon. Attache at Stock- 
holm : son of Lt.-Col. J. Y. C. Scarlett, gt. grand- 
son of 1st Bn., and a 2nd cousin of 4t.l1; b. April 
1, 1872; sue. 1903 (C.) ; mar. 1899 Lila Lucy 
Catherine Mary, dau. of the late Rt. Hon. SirWm. 
A. White, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., and widow of M. 
Carl E. de Geijer. Ees. , Boscombe Manor, Bourne- 
mouth ; Arun House, Horsham. 

Creation. Bn. Abinger, U.K. 1833.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving hros. and sist. of present (lyh) Bn. (granted 
rank of Bn.'s children 1904) : 
(Present Baron, b, 1872.) 

Hon. Kobert Brooke Campbell S., heir pres. to 
Bny., b. 1876. Res., Boscombe PL, Bournemouth. 

Hon. Hugh Richard S., 2nd heir, Lieut. R.F.A. : 
b. 1878, Club. Jun. IT. Serv. 

Hon. Ruth Hester Frances S., b. 1882. 

Hon. Percy Gerald S., b. 188c, 

Hon. Leopold Florence S., a Nav. Cadet, b. 1889 

Issue of 3rd Bn. (2nd cousins of present) : 

Hon. Ella Campbell, M.D., now Hon. Mrs. Percy 
Synge, b. 1864, mar. 1901 Lieut. Percy Hamilton S. 
Res., 7 Cromwell PI., S.W. 

Hon. Helen Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1885, wid. 1892. 

Hon. Evelina, now Hon. Mrs. John Haverfield, 
b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd husb., Maj. Jno. Hy. Balguy, 
R.A., but re-assumed the name of her former hus- 
band. Res., Marsh Ct., Sherborne, Dorset. 

(The late 4th Baron b. 1871, d. 1903 unmarrd.) 

Dau. of2ndBn. (1st cous. once rem. of present) : 

(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1892.) 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Smith, 

b. 1828, mar. 1857 the late Rev. Sidney Lidderdale S. 

(d. 1903), Canon Resid. of Hereford. Res., South 

Bank, Hereford. 

ABINGER, Baron's Widow. Helen, Lady A. 
(Helen, dau. of Commodore Geo. A. Magruder, 
of the U.S. Navy), mar. 1863 3rd Bn. (d. 1892). 
Res., Redford House, Ockley, Dorking; Inverlochy 
Castle, Kingussie, Inverness-sh. ; 46 Cornwall 
Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William de 
Wiveleslie Abney, K.C.B. (Civ. 1900), R.E. 
retd., D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S., Scient. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educn., Past Pres. of Roy. Astronom., 
Phys., and Roy. Photog. Socs. : b. 1843, mar. 1889, 
2nd wife, Mary Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. 
Mead, D.D., of U.S.A. Ees., Measham Hall, 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leic. ; Rathmore Lodge, 
Bolton Gdns. Sth., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl of {Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M. of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABYSSINIA (or Ethiopia), the Emperor 
of. H.I.M. Menelik n., G.C.B. (Hon. Mil. 
1902), G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1897) : b. 1843. 

ACHESON {pron. Aitcheson), family name of 
Gosford Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 

ACHESON, Viscount {hy courtesy), elder son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Acheson 
{U.K. 1847) is a title of the Earldom, but "Vise. 
Acheson " is substituted for "Vise. Gosford." 

ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tuam." 

ACKROYD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary, 
dau. of the late Wm. Hy. Lucas, Esq.), mar. 1880 
Sir Edward Jas. Ackroyd, Kt. Bach. (d. 1904). 

ACLAND, Baronet of Columb John (loc. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th 
Bt. {Eng. 1645 N.S.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Co. 
Aid. for Devon (High Sheriff 1903-4), a D.L. for 
Devon and Somerset, and Dep. Warden of the 
Stannaries, formerly Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 1st 
Devon Yeom., Secretary to Bd. of Trade in 1886, 
an M.P. 1882-92, and for a time 2ndChurch Estates 
Commissr. : son of 11th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 1898, 
mar. 1879 Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. Walrond, 


Baronetage, Knightage, Sc. 

ADA 101 

1st Bt. Heir pres., his bro., the under-mentioned 
j Et. Hon. Arthur Herbert Dyke A. (.2nd heir, 
| latter's son Francis Dyke, b. 1874). £ea«s,Killerton, 
Exeter ; Holnicote, Taunton. 

ACL AND, Baronet of Oxford. Vice-Adm. 
Sir William Alison Dyke Acland, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 
1890), C.V.O. (1903), Assoc. Inst. Nav. Architects, 
was attached to Chilian Army in war with Peru 
1880-1, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8, late 
a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 2nd in comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd. : 
son of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin of above Bt. of 
j Columb John ; b. 1847, sue. 1900, mar. 1887 the 
under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
( son "William Henry Dyke (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, 
I next son, Hubert Guy Dyke, b. 1890). Seat, 
Rocklands, Chudleigh, S. Devon. 
I ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 

I and dau. of Vctss. Hambleden. 
ACLAND, Priv. Counc. Et. Hon. Arthur 
Herbert Dyke Acland, P.O. ( Gt. Br. 1892) , M. A. , 
an M.P. 1885-98, and has been Vice-Pres. Cmttee. 
11 of Counc. onEducation, Princ. of Oxford Mil. Coll. 
(Cowley), and Senior Bursar of Balliol Coll. : 2nd 
son of late Et. Hon. Sir Thos. D. Acland, 11th 
Bt. of Columb John, and bro. and heir pres. of 
present Bt. ; b. 1847, mar - *873. Res., 2 Wea- 
ponness Pk., Scarborough; 28 Cheyne Walk, 
Chelsea, S.W. 

ACLAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau. of Vctss. 
I Hambleden and sist. of above Hon. Ladv A. 
A'COUET (a'C), Lt. -Col. Charles, C.M.G. 
(1901), late Eif. Brig. ; Egypt and Nile 1897-8, and 
S. Africa 1900 : b. 1858. 

A'COUET (a'C.) (HOLMES-), family name of 
Heytesbury Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 
I ACTON, Baron. Eichard Maximilian 
\\Dalberg - Acton, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
\ M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), a 2nd Sec. in Diplom. 
IjServ. : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 7, 1870 ; sue. 1902 
I|(L.) ; mar. 1904 Dorothy, dau. of Thos. H. Lyon, 

■ Esq. No present heir to Barony ; heir pres. to 
I Baronetcy, a 3rd cousin, Edward Acton, Esq. 
lib. 1857 ; 2nd heir, latter's 1st cousin Alfred, b. 
U867). Seat, Aldenham Pk., Bridgnorth, Salop; 
mffic. res., Brit. Legat., Berne. 

I Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1644. Bn. Acton, U.K< 1869.— 
I The 1st Peer, an M.P. and K.C.V.O., was Regius Pro- 

essor of Modern History at Cambridge, and a Lord-in- 
IKVaiting to Queen Victoria. 

Titled Relatives. 
{Dalberg- Acton.) 
Wssue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

II Hon. D.-A. (dau.), b. 1903. 

vJurviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

I Hon. Mary Elizabeth Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 
Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 

I Bleiddian H. 

I Hon. Annie Mary Catherine Georgiana D.-A., b. 

1 i858. 

[ (Present Baron, b. 1870.) 

I Hon. Jeanne Marie D.-A., b. 1876. 

I ACTON, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
Iptss. Marie Arco- Valley, of Munich), mar. 1865 
1st Bn. (see under Creations; d. 1902). Res., 
I'egernsee, Bavaria. 

I ACTON (DALBEEG-) , family name of above. 

■ ACLTTT, Ernest Leslie, C.M.G. (1902), Mayor 

■ fDurban, Natal, in year of promotion : b. 1855. 
I es., Berea, Durban. 

■ ACWOBTH, Harry Arbuthnot, C.I E. (1895), 
womb. C. S. retd. ; barrister-at-law and Maj. 
H omb. Eif. Vols., Munic. Commissr. of Bombay 

1800-6, founded Matonga Leper Asyium, has 
written Ballads and other works : b. 1849. Res., 
The Benhams, Malvern. 

ADAIE, Baronet. Sir Frederick Edward 
ShafTo Adair, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1838), formerly 
Capt. Bine Brigade : son of 3rd Bt., b. i860, sue. 
1902. Heir pres., his bro. Bobert Shafto (b. 
1862 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Allan Henry Shafto, 
b. 1837). Seats, Elixton Hall, Bungay, Suffolk; 
Ad lir Lodge, Aldeburgh, same Co. ; The Castle, 
Pallymena, Co. Antrim. 

*** The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Adair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron Waveney in 1873, a title which became extinct 
upon his death in 1886. 

ADAIE, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. (Harriet 
Camilla, dau. of the late Alex. Adair, Esq.), mar. 
1856 her relative Sir Hugh E. Adair, 3rd Bt. (d. 
1902). Res., Heatherton, Pembury, Tunb. Wells. 

ADAM, Baronet. Sir Charles Elphinstone 
Adam, 1st Bt. ( U.K. 1882) ,M.A., barrister-at-law, 
Vice-Lieut., Convener, andC.C. of Kinross-sh.,and 
aD. L. forthat Co. and Fife, late Priv. Sec. to Lord 
Tweedmouth in three offices : son of Et. Hon. Wm. 
P. Adam (see follg.), b. 1859. Heir, none. Res., 
Blair Adam House, and Barns, both Blair Adam 
E.S.O.,Kinross-sh.; chamb., 5 New Sq.,Linc. Inn, 

ADAM, Baronet's Widow {by elevation) . Lady 
A., C.I. (Emily Eliza, dau. of Gen. Sir Wm. 
Wyllie, G.C.B.), mar. 1856 Et. Hon. Wm. P. 
Adam, CLE., M.P., Gov. of Madras (d. 1881 
when designated for a Baronetcy). Res., Barns, 
Blair Adam E.S.O., Kinross-sh.; Wilderness 
House, Hampton Ct. 

ADAM, Knight. Sir Frank Forbes Adam, 
Kt. Bach. (1890), CLE. (1888), a D.L. for Lanes., 
a merchant and a Gov. of Imper. Inst., formerly 
an M.L.C. and Pres. Chamb. Commerce of Bom- 
bay, also of that of Manchester, is a memb. of 
Counc. Manch. Univ. : b. 1846, mar. 1883 Eose 
Frances, dau. of C. G. Kemball, Esq., late Judge 
of Bomb. High Ct. Res., Mere Old Hall, Knuts- 
ford, Cheshire. 

ADAM, Loud {of Session) . James Adam, appd. 
Judge of the Courts of Session and Justiciary 
1876, with official title " (Hon.) Lord Adam," was 
Sheriff of Perthsh. 1874-6, three times Advoc- 
Depute : b. 1824, mar. 1861 a dau. of Jno. 
Beatson Bell, Esq., W.S. {Hon. Lady Adam). 
Res., 34 Moray PI., Edinburgh. 

ADAMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 

ADAMS, Brig.-Gen.EoBERT Bellew, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), (1897), I.A., Afghn. 1879-80, Chitral 
Belief, and N.W. Front. 1897-8, an A.D.C. to 
H.M. and comdg. Umballa Brigade,: b. 1856. Res., 
Umballa, Punjab. 

ADAMS, William Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 
1st Clerk in Teachers' Pension Office, Dublin: 
b. 1844. Res., 143 Triton ville Ed., Sandymount, 

ADAMS (GOOLD-) , Knight. Maj. Sir Hamil- 
ton John Goold-Adams, K.C.M.G. (1902), C.B. 
(Civ. 1898), late of Eoy. Scots (ret. 1901); served in 
Matabeleld. and Bechuanald. 1884-5 and 1893-4, 
and Boer War 1900 ; now Lt.-Gov. of Orange 
Eiv. Col., recently Ees. Conimissr. for Bechuana- 
land Protect. : b. 1858. Res., Bloemfontein. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Maj. Henry Edward 
Fane, C.M.G. (1901), E.A., China 1900-1 : b. i860. 
Res., Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co. Cork. j 

io2 ADA Directory o, 

)f Peerage, 


ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
! CLE. (1889), LA. retd. ; Burma 1886-7, has been 
I Commissi-, of S. Div. of Burma : b. 1846. lies., 
i North Jesmond, IS ewcastle-on-Tyne. 
j . ADAMSON, Harvey, C.S.I. (1903), M.A., 
Judicial Commissr. in Upper Burma and Lt.-Col. 
Rifle Vols., an Addit. Memb. Counc. of Viceroy : 
b. 1854. lies., Mandalay, Burma. 

ADAMSON, "William, C.M.G. (1897), re- 
peatedly an M.L.C. of Straits Settmts., now a City 
merchant, Dir. of P. & O. Steamship Co., and 
Chmn. Str. Setts. Assoc. : b. 18.12. Res. , 9 Avenue 
Rd., Highgate, N. 

AD ARE, Viscount (Irel. 1822) and Baron 
(1S00)— see " Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh AdcocJc, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (i8g7),M.K.C.S., L.R.C.P.E., 
Cons. Phys.-in-Ch. toH.I.M. the Shah of Persia : 
b. 1847. fi* s - Teheran. 

ADDERLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see also below. 

ADDERJLEY, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Lfetitia Annie, dau. of Hon. W. H. Hall), mar. 
1857 Sir Augustus J. Adderley, K. C.M.G., for- 
merlv an M.L.C. Bahamas (d. 1905). Res., 
2 Southwell Gdns., S. Kens., S."W. 

Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

ADDEY, "William Freemf,, I.S.O. (1902), 
Supplem.' C3k. in Solic. Dept. of Treas.: b. 1852. 

ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 
Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." of the name, not 
of the following. 

ADDINGTON, Baron. Egerton Hubbard, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., M.A., a partner in 
two merchant firms, a Co. Aid. for Bucks., late 
Col. 1st Bucks. Rifle Vols., an M.P. 1874-80 and 
1886-9 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Dec. 29, 1842 ; sue. 1889 
(C.) ; mar. 1880 Mary Adelaide, dau. of Sir Wynd- 
ham S. Portal, Bt. Seat, Addington Manor, 
Winslow, Bucks. ; town res., 24 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Addington, U.K. 18S7.— The 1st Bn. 
was Governor of the Bank of England and M.P. for the 
City of London. 

Titled Relatives. 


Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Winifred Mary II., b. iSOx. 

Kon. John Gelmbband II. h heir to Barony, and Lieut. 

1st Bucks. Rif. Vols. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Raymond Egerton //., 2nd heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Francis Sueneer H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Ruth Mary H., b. 1896. 

Surviving issue <?f 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Alice Eliza H., b. 1S41. Res., 24 Prince's Gt., 

(Present Baron, b. 1843.) 

Hon. Cecil John formerly Lt.-Col. Gren. Gds., 
served in Egypt 1882 : b. i3*6, mar. 1872 Helen Jane, 
dau. of AHh, Macdonald-Eitchie, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Cecil H.). Res., Kingsbridge, Stteple Claydon, 
Bucks. ; 247 Knighlsbvidpe, S.W. 

Hon. Rose Ellen II., b. 1851. Res., Seven Gables, 
Winslow, Bucks. 

Hon. Evelyn H., M. A., Lieut, for City of London, a 
Dir. of Bk. of Engld., Commissr. of Tub. Works 
Loans, and partner in same firms with his bro. the 
present B11., late an M.P. : h. 1852, mar. 1S81 Ihcline 
Maude (lion. Mrs. Evelyn //.). dau. of Sir Wyild- 
ham S. Portal, Et., and sist. of the Lady Addington. 
Rvs., The Rookery, Down, I'arnborough R.S.O., 

Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Mrs. Ceorge Fxtrlcer, b. 
18^6, mar. 1888 Col. George B., P..E. Res., Card- 
fields, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Essex. 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur II. (Amy d'Esterre, dau. of the 
late Chas. 11. Huntly, Esq., C.M.G.), mar. 1881 the 
late Hon. Arthur Gellibrand H. (d. 1896). Res., 
Selwyn Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea R.S.O , Kent. 

ADEANE, Lady Edith Isabella, dau. of 11th 
E. of Carnwath. 

ADELAIDE, 4th Bishop op — not yet ap- 
pointed. Res., Bishop's Ct., North Adelaide, S. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1S95), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., Leg. Adviser to Loc. Govt. 
Bd., late Assist. Sec. : b. 1845. Res., Mayfield, 
40 Elsworthy Ed., Primrose Hill Ed., N.W. 

ADRIAN, Frederick Obadiah, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Offr. of Arms to Ord. of SS. Mich, and Geo., 
and Clerk for Leg. Instruments at Colon. Off. : 
b. 1836. Res., 89 Queen's Rd., Sth. Hornsey, N. 

AD YE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary 
Cordelia, dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Hon. Sir 
Mont. Stopford, K.C.B., son of 3rd E. of Cour- 
town),mar. 1356 Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B., 
R.A.. (d. 1900). Res., 92 St. George's Sq., S.W". 

ADYE, Col. John, "C.B. (Mil. 1902), R.A., 
Afghn. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5 (part as 
A.D.C. to Sir G. vVolseley), S. Africa 1899-1902, 
Gibraltar (Assist. Mil. Sec), now comdg. R.A. 
at Mauritius : b. 1857. Res., Port Louis. 

AFFLECK, Baronet. Sir Robert A ffleck, 7th 
Bt- {Gt. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. W. Suffolk 
Militia: son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. 
.1886 Julia Georgina, dau. of Jno. S. Prince, 
Esq. Heir -pres., his bro. John de Linden (b. i860 ; 
2nd heir, next bro., Philip Burton, b. 1862). Club, 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amir of. H.H. Sir 
Habib-Ulla Khan, G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896). 

" Equat. Africa" and " Uganda." 

AG A KHAN, The. H.H. Sir Aga Sultan 
Muhammad Shah, G.C.LE. (1902; K.C.I E. 1898), 
spiritual head of the Khoja Community of W. 
India, a direct descendant of the prophet 
Mohammed, is a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, was 
granted title of Highness 1886. Res., Aga Hall, 

AGAR,_faini]y name of Normanton Earldom, 
q.V. for " .Ladies " a,nd " Hons." Agar-Ellis was, 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden 
Viscounty (now Agar-Robartes). The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, Esq., 
of Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733). 

AGHADOE. Bishop of — see " Limerick." 

AGLIONBY, Col. Arthur (Sisson), C.B. (Mil. 
1868), Mutiny and Abyss., now retired. ; assumed 
surname in lieu of Cooper 1885 : b. 1832. Res., 
Staffield Hall, Carlisle. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Great StanJiope Street. 
Sir William Agnetu, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1895), an M.P. 
18S0-6, late Chmn. of Bradbury, Agnew, and Co., 
printers, proprietors of Bunch, also late head of 
Thos. Agnew and Sons, art publishers : son of 
the late Thos. Agnew, Esq., of Manchester; b. 
1825, widower. Heir, his son George William 
(b. 1852; 2nd heir, latter's son John Stuart, b. 
1879). Rfis. : , 11 Gt. Stanhope St., Mayfair, W. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Lochnaw. Sir Andrew 
Noel Agnew, 9th Bt. (Scot. 1629), LL.B..barrister- 
at-law, M.P. for S. Edinburgh (L.U.), a D.L. 
and Vice-Lieut, of Wigtownsh., Capt. 1st 
Ayrsh. and Galloway Vol. Artill. : son of Sth 
Bt., b. 1850, sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, 
dau. of the late Hon. Gowran C. Vernon and 
granddau. of 1st Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his 
bro. Henry de Courcy (b. 1851 ; 2nd heir, next 

bro., Maj. Charles Hamlyn A., b. 1859). Seat, 
Lochnaw Castle, Stranraer, Wigtownsh : town 
res., 21 Abingdon St., Westmr., S.W. 

AGNEW, Knight. Sir Stair Andrew Agnew, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), M.A., advocate, Kegist.-Gen. 
for Scotld., formerly Lieut. 9th Begt. : uncle of 
Sir Andrew N. Agnew, Qth Bt. of Lochnaw; 
b. 1831, mar. 1870 Georgina, dau. of the late 
Geo. M. Msbett, Esq. Bes., 22 Buckingham 
Terr., Edinburgh. 

AGNEW, Knight'sWidow. Lady-4. (Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg- -Gen. Fawcus, I.M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Bach., formerly 
acting Judge of Calcutta High Ct. (d. 1903). 

AGNEW, Maj. Quentin Graham: Kinnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, igo3),D.S.O. (1902). Manches- 
ter Begt. ; Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C., Tirah 1897-8, 
and S. Africa 1899-1902. late Assist. Mil. Sec. 
to Fd.-Marsh. Sir G. S. White at Gibraltar : b. 
1861 (3rd bro. of Sir Andrew Agnew, Bt.). 

AHMAD-bin-FADTHL, Sultan Sir, K. C.S.I. 
(1901), of Lahej (as residence only). 

AILESBURY, Marquess of. Henry 
Augustus Brudenell-Bruce, 5th Marq. {U.K.) and 
a Bt., formerly Capt. 9th Regt. and Lt.-Coi. 3rd 
Batt. Wilts, Begt. (Mil.), an M.P. 1886-92 (asLd. 
H. Brudenell-Bruce) : son of 3rd M. and uncle of 
4th, whose father, George John B.-B., Esq., elder 
bro. of present Peer, died untitled (i858) before 
I the succession of their father as 3rd Marquess ; b. 
I April 11, 1842; sue. 1894 (C.) ; mar. iS7othe late 
Georgiana Sophia Maria, dau. of G. H. Pinckney, 
Esq. (she died 1902). Seats, Savernake Forest, 
Marlborough, Wilts. ; Villa Marbella, Biarritz. 

Creations. Em.: A Bt. 161 1 ; En. Brudenell, i&23; 
E. of Cardigan, 1661. Gt. Br. : Ba. Brutes of Tottenham, 
1746; E. of Ailesbury, 1776. U.K.: M. of Ailesbury, 
Earl Bruce, ami Vise. Savernake, 1821.— The 2nd E. of 
Elgin was granted the English Earldom of Ailesbury for 
his devotion to the two Charleses. It became extinct in 
1747 on the. death of the 3rd Earl, but was revived to 
his nephew, whose son, the 2nd Earl by the new creation, 
was elevated to the Marquessate. The name Bruce 
was assumed Ivy the 1st Earl of this later creation. The 
Barony of Brudenell was conferred upon Sir Thos. 
Brudenell, 1st Bt., and later on his devotion to the 
Royalist side was rewarded with the Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the 1st Earl of Ailesbury had been 
imprisoned) : ' the two titles came into the Ailesbury 
line under the 2nd Mara, in i8o3. The 3rd Earl 
under the older creation had been given the Bruce 
of Tottenham Barony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
whom it eventually came back to the Ailesbury line ; 
but the Tottenham Park which, gave this title its name 
is in Wiltshire immediately adjoining the above Saver- 
nake Forest. The Bruce Castle of the London suburb of 
Tottenham has thus no connection whatever with this 
line ; in default, however, it can claim to be linked with 
the illustrious lame of "the Bruce of Bannockburn." 
Robert de Brus, as he is termed in the 'History 
of Tottenham,' the grandfather of the great Robert, and 
a descendant of David, Earl of Huntingdon, was allotted 
that portion of the parish of Tottenham then termed the 
Manor of Bruses. His eldest son, Robert, styled in 
right of his wife Earl of Carrick, on returning from the 
Crusades, settled at the Manor House ; but his warrior 
son, the 3rd Robert, on revolting from England, had all 
his English lands seized by Edward II. The Crown, 
however, from time to time made various grants of the 
estate, and in 1514 Henry VIII. consigned it to Sir Wm. 
Compton, an ancestor of the Northampton house. After- 
wards it was held by the Earl of Dorset, Lord Coleraine, 
and others, till in 1827 the famous Sir Rowland Hill 
converted it into a board ing-s*.'] tool . As such it remained 
I till 1850, but is now used only as a house of refreshment 
iu the public park passing under its name. An engrav- 
1 ing dated 1686 shows that it once possessed far more 
than at present of the genuine features of a " Castle." 
Titled Relatives. 
i Issue of present (5th) M.: 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Georgiana, now Lady 

AIL 103 

E. Hunt, b. 1871, mar. 1898 Harry Brady II., Esq. 
Res., Ballyleun, Kildysart, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
Earl of Cardigan, heir to Marquessate : George 
William .Tames Chaudos B.B., D.S.O. (1900-1), a 
C.C. for Wilts., was in Army Transpt. Serv. in S. 
Africa 1903, Capt. Middx. Imper. Yeom., late Maj. 
Roy. Wilts. : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Caroline Sydney ] 
Anne, dau. of the late Jno. Madden, Esq. , and Lady 
Caroline Madden (sist. of 4'h E. of Leitrim). Res., 
The Macor, Tockington R.S.O., Glos. Son: 
Vise. Saoernake, 2nd heir : Chandos Sydney 
Cedric B.-B., b. 190 j. 

Lady B.-B., b. 1503. 

Lady Violet Louisa Marjory B.-B., b. 1880. 

Sist. ofqfh M. (niece of present; granted rank of 
Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1863, d. childless 1894.) 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 
1866, mar. 1392 Robt. blandish ,S'., Esq. Res., j 
Elston, Shrewton, Wilts. 
—For Adeline, Ctss. of Cardigan see " Cardigan, I 
Earl's Widow," her husb.'s title having been that 
of a distinct Peer. 

Surviving issue of 3rd 31. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1842.) 

Lord Robert Thomas B.-B., Com. R.N. retired, b. 
1845, mar. 1878 Emma, dau. of Capel H. Leigh, Esq. 
(Lady Robt. B.-B.). Bus., Stamford Lodge, Hay- 
ling I., Hants. ; 35 Onslow Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 
Lady Ernestine Mary, now Ctss. Of Listowd, b. 1847, 

mar. 1865 3rd Earl of L., q.v. 
Lord Charles Frederick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 
W T ilts., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. Roy. Wilts. 
Yeom. : b. 1849, mar. 1873 Margaret, dau. of the 
late Jas. Rensiiaw, Esq. (Lady Frederick B.-B.). 
Res., 11 Gloucester Terr., Res. Pk., N.W. 
AILESBURY, Marquess's Widow {remrrd.). 
Marchioness of A. (Dorothy Julia, dau. of the 
late Thos. Haseley, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, 4th M. 
of Ailesbury (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1901, David W. 
Webster, Esq. — retaining title'by courtesy. B?s., 
Belle Vue House, Arbroath, Forfarsh. 

AILSA. Marquess ok. Archibald Kennedy, 
3rd Marq. {U.K)„ E. of Cassillis {Scot.) ; LL.D., 
a D.L. for Ayrsh. and Hon. Com. R.N.R., 
formerly Capt. Coldstrrn. Gds. : son of 2nd M. ; 
! b. Sept. 1, 1847; suc - 1870 {€.) ; mar., 1st. 1871, 
the late Hon. Evelyn Stuart, dau. of 12th Bn. 
Blantyre (she died 1888) ; 2ndiy, 1891, Isabella, 
dau. of Hugh M'Master, Esq., of N.W. Provs. 
India. Seats, Culzean Castle and Cassillis House, 
Maybole, Ayrsh.; Newark Castle, Ayr ; town res., 
65 Lancaster Gt., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 1452 ; E. of Cassillis, ; 
1503. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, 1806 ; M. of Ailsa, 1331.— The 1st ] 
Ld. Kennedy was son of the Bishop of St. Andrews, a j 
great Scottish statesman, and was one of the six Regents j 
during the minority of James III. ; the 3rd Ld. was made « 
E. of Cassillis. The 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objecting to 
the marriage of Mary Stuart with the Dauphin. The 
12th Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Marquessate. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) M. : 

By 1ST XllRGE. 

Earl of Cassillis (pron. like Castles), heir to Mar- 
quessate: Archibald K., a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate in Scotld., served in S. Africa 1900-2, 
is Capt. 3i'd Batt. Roy. Scots Fus. (Mil.): b. 1872, 
mar. 1C03 Frances Emily, dau. of Sir Mark J. 
MaeTaggart Stewart, 1st Bt,, M.P. Club, White's. 

Lord Charles K., 2nd heir, formerly Lieut, in pre- 
ceding Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-1 as Capt. Pr. 
of Wales's Lt. Horse : b. 1875. 

The late Lady Evelyn K.. b. 1876, d. i885. 

Lady Aline, now Lady A. Browne, b. 1877, mar. 1901 
Hon. John E. Deane B., only son and heir of 4th 
Bn. Kilmaine, q.v. 

Lord An^us K., b. 1882. 
BY 2ND jirrge. 

Lord Hugh it., b. 1895. 

Lady Marjory K., b. 1898. 

Baronetage, Knightage, dr. 

io4 AIN 

Directory of Peerage, 


Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1847.) 

Lady Julia Alice, now Lady J. Follett, b. 1849, mar. 
1869 Col. Robt. W. Webb F, son of the late 
Sir Wm. Follett. Res., Woodside, Old Windsor. 

Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, 
mar. 1885 Capt. Arthur Y., C.M.G., q.v. 

Lord Alexander K., late Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Maj. 1st Batt. of 
same Regt., served in Egypt and Soudan : b. 1853, 
mar. 1881 Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. T. Gor- 
don, Esq. (Lady Alexander K.). Res., Brockhill, 
Bracknell, Berks. 

Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. Fawkes, b. 
1855, mar. 1891 Col. Lionel Grimston F., late R.A. 
Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 

— Dau. -in-law : 
I Ladv John K. (Mary Adelaide, dau. of the late Col. 
Alex. Learmonth, M.P.), mar. 1890 the late Lord 
John K. (d. 1895). 

Widow of a grandson of 1st M. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1816, d. 1870.) 
Lady David K. (Lady Mary Emily Vere, prev. Boyle, 
sist. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery and widow of 
Wm. E. Hope V., Esq., granted rank of an Earl's 
dau., as her late husb. was granted that of a Marq.'s 
son), b. 1834, mar. 1873 2nd husb., the late Lord 
David K. (d. 1905), son of the Earl of Cassillis. 

AINSWOBTH, John, C.M.G. (igoo), F.E.G.S., 
late Vice-Cons, for Brit. E. Africa, now a Magist. 
I there, b. 1864. Res., Nairobi, via Mombasa, 
E. Afr. Protect.; Oakfield, Crofts Bank Ed., 
Urmston, Manchester. 

AINSWOBTH, Capt. "William John, D.S.O. 
(igoo-i), Durham L.I. : S. Africa 1899-1900, 
now on Gen. Staff at Hdqtrs.: b. 1873. 

AIED, Baronet. Sir John Aird, 1st Bt. ( U. K. 
1901), V.D., M.P. for Nth. Paddington (C), a 
Lieut, for the City of London, el. 1st Mayor of 
Paddington Borough (1900), re-el. 1001, Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. Engr. and Eail. Staff Corps, a 
partner in Jno. Aird and Co., contractors : son of 
Jno. Aird, Esq., of Gt. Cumberld. PI. ; b. 1833, 
mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of Benj. Smith, Esq. Heir, 
his son John (b. 1861, Maj. of Vols. ; and heir, 
latter's son John Eenton, b. 1898). Res., 14 Hvde 
Pk. Terr., W. 

AIEEY, Col. Henry Park, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
D.S.O. (1888), N.S.W. Permt. Artill. ; Soudan 
1885, Burma 1886-8, and comd. N.S.W. Mtd. 
Inf. in S. Africa igoo-i : b. 1844. Address, 
Union Club, Sydney. 

AIELIE, Earl of. David Lyulpii Gore 
Wolseley Og'dvy, gth Earl (Scot.), a minor: 
son of 8th E. ; b. July 18, 1893 ; sue. 1900. Seats, 
Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., and Tulchan Lodge, 
Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth E.S.O. ; Cortachy 
Castle, Kirriemuir, Forfarsh. ; A.uchterhouse, 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Ogilvyof Airlie, 1491 : E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen, 1639. "Ld. | 
Ogilvy " is the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 1 
1st Lord Ogilvy was Ambassador to Denmark ; his grand- 
father had been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th | 
Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number j 
who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
'Burke' and 'Foster' ('Lodge 'j in regarding the present 
Peer as the gth, but some term him the nth or 12th, j 
'Debrett' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder son of the 3rd E., the 
latter that of the elder son and grandson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom ! 
we accept as the gth, were considered during their j 
lifetime as also legally excluded, and this certainly gives 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- j 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the 6th E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of | 

the two attainders, it may be added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1715, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at Culloden. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of 8th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Kitty Edith Blanche 0., b. 1887. 
Lady Helen Alice AVyllington 0., b. 1890. 
Lady Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley 0., b. 1892. 
(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Arthur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, b. 1895. (2nd heir, the following.) 
Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., b. 1896. 

Issue of 1th E. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hosier, 
b. 1852, mar. 1878 Col. Sir Henry Mont. H., K.C.B., 

Lady Clementine Gertrude Helen, now the Lady 
Redesdale, b. 1854, mar. 1874 Alg. B. Freeman- 
Mi tf 01 d, Esq., C.V.O., now 1st Bn. Redesdale, q.y. 

(The late Gth Earl, b. 1856, d. 1900.) 

Lady Maude Josepha, now Lady M . 1T7( yte, b. i8s9,mar. 
1886 the late Theodore W., Esq. (d. 1903V Res., 
Bideford, Devon. 

Hon. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley 0., D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Capt. Brabant's Horse in S. Africa (1900-1), 
has been an agriculturist in Western America : 
b. 1861, mar. 1902 Edith Boothroyd, of Colorado. 
Club, Marlborough. 

Lady Griselda J ohanna Helen, now Lady G. Cheape, 
b. 1865, mar. 1897 James C, Esq. Res., Strath tyrum, 
St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1826, d. 1881.) 
Hon. William Henry Bruce 0., formerly Lieut. 26th 
Foot and Capt. Black Watch (Mil.), b. 1840, widower. 

AIELIE, Earls' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Countess op A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanley, dau. of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. 1830. mar. 1851 7th E. of Airlie (d. 1881). 
Res., Airlie Cast e, Forfarsh., Alyth E.S.O. ; 3 
Halkin PI., West Halkin St., S.W.— (2) Countess 
of A., nee Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth G ore, 
dau. of 5th E. of Arran, b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th 
E. of Airlie (killed at Diamond Hill, S. Africa, 
1900) ; is a Lady of the Bedchamber to H.E.H. 
the Princess of Wales. Res., with present Earl 
(except at Airlie Castle). 

AITCHISON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox, Esq.), 
mar. 1863 Sir Chas. IT. Aitchison, K.C.S.L (d. 
1896). Res., St. Christopher's, 100 Banbury Ed.., 

AITCHISON, Gen. Charles Terrington, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. retd. (1889); S. Mahratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Res., 14 Bedcliffe 
Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

AITHBIE, Viscount (Scot. 1703)— see " Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AIT.KEN, Col. William, C.B. (Mil. 1896), 
E.A. retd. ; Afghn. 1878 80, Mahsud Waziri, 
Burma 1885-7, Chitral Belief, N. W. Front. 1897-8, 
was A.D.C. to late Queen: b. 1846. Res., 
Innergeliie, Anstruther, Fifesh. 

AIYANGAB, Sir Vembakam Bhashyam, Diwan 
Bahadur, Kt, Bach. (1900), CLE. (1895), B.A., 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy, late a Judge of the 
High Ct. of Madras, has been Prof, of Law in 
Madras Pres. Coll., now Pres. of Facults r of Law 
in the local Univ. (title Diwan Bah. personal) : b. 
1844. Res., Lakshmi Villas, Mylapore, Madras. 

AIYAE, Sir Subbaiyar Subramaniya, Dhvan 
Rahadur, K.C.I.E. (1900), a Judge of High Ct. of 
Madras, formerly an M.L.C., received personal 
title of Diwan Bahadur. Res., Madras. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

ALD 105 

Ranjor Singh, Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1897), a Ruling 
Chief : b. 1852. Res., Ajaigarh, Bundelkhand. 

AJUDHYA, the Maharaja of. H.H. Sir 
Partab Narayan Singh, K.C.I.E. (1895), an 
M.L.C. of N.W. Provs. Bus., Allahabad. 

AKERMAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Emma Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Brumby, Esq.), 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. W. Akerman, 
K.C.M.G., late Speaker of Leg. Counc. Natal j 
(d. 1905). 

ALABASTER, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Laura, dau. of Dr. D. J. Macgowan, of New 1 
York), mar. iS75SirChaloner Alabaster,K.C.M.G., I 
Cons.-Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Bes., Dilaram, j 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

ALBANY, Duke of— see Royal Family. 

ALBEMARLE, Earl of. Arnold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
M.Y.O. (4th Class, 1901), A.D.C. to the King for 
Vols., a D.L. for Norfolk, served in S. Africa 
1900 in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.Y., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. Vol. 
Rifles, is now Brig.-Gen. comdg. Norf . Vol. Inf. 
iBrigade, an M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : 
■son of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858; sue. 1894 (C.) ; 
mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
[2nd Bn. (now 1st Earl) Egerton of Tattbn. Seat, 
Quidenham Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk {let). 

Creation. E. of Albemarle, Vise. Bury, and Bn. 
Ashford, Eng. 1696.— The 1st. Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
(was a member of the nobility of Holland who had 
accompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
Albemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E. : 

Vise. Bury, heir to Earldom: Walter Eaerton 
George Lucian K., Lieut. Scots Gds., A.D.C. to 
Earl Grey in Canada ; b. 1883. 
Hon. Arnold Joost William K., zud heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek A'., b. 1886. 
Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude K., b. 1890. 
Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K, b. 1898. 
Surviving issue cf Jth E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1858.) 

Lady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 
1887 Col. W. Leslie !>., C.B., R.A., q.v. 

Hon. Derek William George K, C.M.G. (1901), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, same year), V.D., lateMaj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. 12th Middx. (Civ. Serv.) Vols., is an 
Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, formerly 
a C.E. : b. 1863, mar. 1893 Hon. Bridget Louisa 
Barbord (Hon. Mrs. Derek K.), dau. of 5th Bn. 
Sufneld. lies., 10 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Lady Hilda Mary K., b. 1864. Res., S3 Lowndes Sq., 

II oil. George K., formerly Lieut. Gordon Highlanders, 

now of Norfolk Artil. Mil. (reappd.) : b. 1865, mar. 

1891 Alice Frederica, dau. of the late Adm. Sir.Wrn. 

Edmonstone, 4th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. George K.). 

Res., 30 Portman Sq., W. : h 

Lady Leopoldina Olivia K., a nun of the Sicred 

Heart, b. 1866. 
Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Tovmley, b. i853, mar. 

1895 Walter Beaupre 2'., Esq., of the Embassy, 

Lady Mary Stuart, now Lady M. Tagart, b. 1869, mar. 

1900 Maj. Harold A. Louis T., D.S.O., q.v. 
Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F. Boyle, b. 1871, 

mar. 1902 Lieut. Win. H. Dudley B., R.N. Res., 

10 Victoria Sq., S.W. 

lau. of 6th E. (aunt of present): 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 183?, d. 1894.) 
Lady Louisa, now Lady L. Charteris, b. 1836, mar. 
1864 the late Capt. Hon. Fredk. AVm. C. (d. i83 7 ), son 
of 8th E. of Wemyss. 
ALBEMARLE, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Jountess of A. (Sophia, dau. of Hon. Sir Allan 

N. MacNab, 1st and lastBt., Prem. of Canada), 
mar. 1855 7th E. of Albemarle (d. 1894). Bes., 53 
Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

ALCOCK, Maj. Alfred Willtam, CLE. 
(1903), M.B., LL.D., F.R.S.,F.G.S.,I.M.S.,Supt. 
of Indian Museum, and Prof, of Zoology in Med. 
Coll., Calcutta: b. 1859. Bes., Calcutta. 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALDENBURG, Count— see "Bentinck." 

ALDENHAM, Baron. Henry Hucks Gibbs, 
1st Bn. {U.K.), M.A., E.S.A., E.R.G.S., sen. 
partner in Antony Gibbs and Sons, bankers and 
merchants ; a Lieut, for City of London, a Dir. 
of Bk. of England (Gov. 1875-7), a Trustee of 
Nat. Portr. Gall., and memb. of House of Lay- 
men, an M.P. 1891-2, High Sheriff of Herts. 
1884 : son of Geo. H. Gibbs, Esq. ; b. Aug. 
31, 1819; cr. Bn. 1896 (C); mar. 1845 the 
late Louisa Anne, dau. of Wm. Adams, Esq., 
LL.D. (she died 1897). Seat, Aldenham House, 
Elstree R.S.O., Herts. ; town res., St. Dunstan's, 
Outer Circle, Regent's Pk., N.W. 

Creation. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896. 


Hon. Alban George Henry (?., M.A., heir to 
Barony, M.P. for City of London (C), of the mer- 
chant firm of Antony Gibbs and Sons, and a bank 
and insurance director, Lieut, for City of London: 
b. 1846, widower. Res., Clifton Hampden, Oxon, 
nr. Abingdon : 82 Portland PI., W. (2nd heir, 
his son Gerald Henry Beresford, b. 1379, mar. 1905 
Lillie Caroline, dau. of the Rev. W. T. Houlds- 

Hon. Edith Caroline G., b. 1848. 
The deceased Walter Antony G., b. 1850, d. 1858. 
Hon. Vieary G., B.A., barrister-at-law, a partner in 
same firm with his father and elder bro., and a 
dir. of banking and insurance cos., late an M.P. ; 
b. 1853. Res. , with his father. 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne G., M.A., also a partner in 
above firm, a Commissr. of Pub. Works Loans and 
of Inc. Tax : b. 1854, mar. 1885 Anna Maria, dau. 
of the late Richd. Durant, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Herbert G.). Res., 9 Portman Sq., W. 
Rev. the Hon. Kenneth Francis G., M.A., Rur. Dean 
of Watford and Hon. Canon of St.. Albans and 
Chapl. to the Bp. : b. 1856, mar. 1894 Mabel Alice, 
dau. of Chas. E. Barnett, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Kenneth 
G. ). Res., Aldenham Vic, Elstree R.S.O., Herts. 
Hon. Henry Lloyd G., another partner with the 
above, and Lieut, for City of London : b. 1861, 
mar. 1887 Alice Mary, dau. of Gen. Chas. Crutchley 
(Hon. Mrs. Henry G.). Res., Manor House, Elstree 
R.S.O., Herts. ; 10 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea. S.W. 
ALDERSON, Knight (1). Sir Charles Henry 
Alderson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), barrister-at-law, 
late Chief Charity Commissr., formerly Sen. Insp. 
of Schools : b. 1831 (a cousin of following and son 
of Baron Alderson). Bes., 40 Beaufort Gdns., 
i BromptonRd.,S.W. 

ALDERSON, Knight (2). Maj. - Gen. 
j Sir Henry James Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1891), 
I R.A. retd., served in Crimea, late Pres. of 
Ordnance Cmttee. : b. 1834, mar. 1877 Florence, 
I dau. of his relative Bn. Alderson (Excheq. Ct.), 
! and sist. of the late Mchss. of_ Salisbury. Bes., 
\ Oakfield, Bracknell, Berks.; 6 Hyde Park St., W. 
ALDERSON, Brig.-Gen. Edwin Alfred Her- 
vey, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Transvaal 18S1, Egypt, 
Soudan 1884-5, Mashonald., Boer War 1899-1901, 
now comdg. 2nd Inf. Brigade at Aldershot, is an 
A.D.C. to H.M.: b. 1859. Res., Aldershot. 

ALDRICH, Viee-Adm. Pelham, C.V.O. (1902), 
served in ' Challenger' and 'Alert,' and has been 
Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. Dockyd.: b.1844. Bes., 
Gt. Bealiiigs, Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALD RIDGE, Capt. John Barttelot, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.H.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1871. 

io6 ALD 

Directory of Peerage, 


ALDWOBTH, Lady Mary Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDEE, family name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for "Hons.," also below (and for Lady 

ALEXANDER, Archbishop — see "Armagh." 
i ALEXANDEE, Baronet of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 2nd Bt. '{U.K. 1886), B.A., 
formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Eoy. Scots Fus. (Mil.) : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1857, sue. 1899, mar. 1896, 2nd 
wife (having divorced 1st), Eachel Belasyse, dau. 
of Eev. Hy. Holden, D.D. Heir, his son Wilfred 
Archibald (b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, 
b. 1897). Seals, Ballochmyle, Mauchline, Ayrsh.; 
Faygate AVood, Horsham, Sussex. 
ALEXANDEE, Baronet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
j Cecil "William Alexander, 6th Bt. {U.K. 1809), 
: 2nd Lieut, Gren. Gds. : son of 5th Bt., b. 1885, 
! sue. 1896. No heir. Seats die., Cruisetown and 
j Kentstown, Co. Heath (no post-towns given) ; 
i Cecil House, Gayton Ed., Harrow-on-the-Hill. 
*** The Earls of Caledon are a branch of this house. 

ALEXANDEE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dow- 
ager Lady A. of Balioelirnyle (Eliza, dau. of the 
late Alex. Speirs, Esq.), mar. 1863 Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Claud Alexander, sst Bt. (d, 1899). Res., 24 
Old Queen St., W.— (2) Kathleen, Lady A. of 
Dublin (Maiy Kathleen, dau. of Eev. Jno. 
Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. W. 
Alexander, 4th Bt. 'd. 1888). — (3) Lady A. of 
Dublin, remrrd. (Edith, dau. of thelate_Geo. F. H. 
La Fargue, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, Sir vim.. Ferd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Eev. 
Fredk. W. Thuiiow— retaining title by right. 
Res., with Gth Bt. at Cecil House. 

ALEXANDEE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Eveline, dau. of the Late Lt.-Col. Chas. C. Michell, 
K.H.), mar. 1837 Gen. Sir Jas.E. Alexander, C.B. 
(d. 1885). Res., Westerton House, Bridge of 
Allan. Stirlingsh. ; 3 Sidney Terr., Eyde, I.W. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (subst. 
for " Vise. Caledon "). 

ALEXANDEE, Col. Aubrey de Vere, D.S.O. 
C1903), I.A., Afghn. 1879-80, and China 1900: b. 

ALEXANDEE, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 
1st Bn. Cottesloe. 

ALEXANDEE, Maj. Dudley Henry, C.M.G. 
(1904), late W. Yorfcs. Ecgt,, Friv. Sec. to late 
Gov. of New Zealand : b. 1863. Cub, TJ. Serv. 

ALEXANDEE, Capt. Edward Corbie, D.S.O. 
(1902), I. A., Tirah 1897-8, Mahsud Waziri 1902, 
and other Ind. operations : b. 1875. 

ALEXANDEE, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
rine, dau. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDEE, Col. Harvey, D.S.O. (1900-1 j, 
late comdg. 10th Hussars, now D.A.A.G. at 
Guernsey; S. Africa 1899-igoi : b. 1859. 

ALFOED, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane 
Eliza Helen Nathalie, dau. of the late Col. Jno. 
Shand), mar. 1886 Sir Edwd. Fleet Alford (d. 
1905), son of the late Bp. Alford of Hong Kong. 
Res., 26 The Boltons, S. Kens., S.W. 

ALFOED, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brown! ow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Bishop of. Et. Eev. George 
Thomeloe, D.C.L., 3rd Bp., Canon of Quebec 
1888-96 : b. 1848, mar. 1874, cons. 1897. Res., 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

ALINGTON, Baron. Humphrey Napier Shirt, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. and C.C. for Dorset, 
an M.P. 1891-1904, formerly Lieut. Dorset Yeom.: 
j son of 1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 (<7.) ; 

mar. 1883 Lady Feodorowna Yorlce, dau. of 5th E. 
of Hardwicke. Seat, Crichel, Wimbome, Dorset; 
town res., 38 Fortman Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
former Peerage— Irel. 1643-1723 ; Eng. 1682-91). 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Diana Isabel S., b. 1884. 

The deceased Sylvia S., b. & d. 1886. 

Hon. Gerard Philip Montagu Napier heir to 
Barony, b. 1893. 

Hon. JMapier George Henry S., 2nd heir, b. 1896. 

A deceased dau., b. & d. 1899. 

A deceased son, b. & d. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sis'.s. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Winifred Seiina, now Bon. Lady Hardinc/e, 
a Bedchamber Woman to II. M. Queen Alexandra: 
b. 1868, mar. 1850 Rfc. Hon. Sir Chas. K.C.M.G., 
ste Hardinge, P.O. 

Hon. Mildred Ceciiia Harriet, now Vctss. Chelsea, b. 
1869, mar. 1892 Vise. C, son and heir of 5th Earl 
Cadogan, q.v. 

ALINGTON, Baton's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Evelyn Henrietta, dau. of the late Hy. 
Blundell Leigh, Esq.), a memb. of League of 
Mercy, mar. 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. Alington 
(d. 1904). Res., Alington House, Sth. Audley 
St., W. 

ALINGTON, Hon. Mrs. Cyril, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lytteltcn, see " Cobham." 

ALISON, Baronet. Gen. Sir Archibald 
Alison, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1852), G.C.B. (Mil. 1887), 
LL.D., served in Crimea, Mutiny (as Mil. Sec. 
to Lord Clyde) , Ashanti, and Egypt (comd. Army 
of Occupation 1882-3), as A.G. to the Forces, 
Ch. of Intell. Dept. at Headquarters, and Comdt. 
at Aldershot 1883-8, ret. 1893; is Col. Sea- 
forth Highldrs., late a Memb. of Counc. of 
Sec. of State for India: son of is't Bt. (the 
historian), b. 1826, sue. 1857, mar. 1858 Jane, dau. 
of the late Jas. Black, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. 
Archibald A. (b. 1862; 2nd heir, latter's son 
Archibald, b. 1888) . Res. , 93 Eaton PL , S.W. 

ALLAN, Knight. Sir (Hugh) Montagu Allan, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), of Montreal, Head of the 
"Allan" Line of Steamships and Dir. of several 
trading Cos. : b. i860, mar. 1893 Marguerite 
Ethel, dau. of the late Hector Mackenzie, Esq., 
of Montreal. 7?es., Eavenscrag, Montreal; Mont- 
rose, Cacouna, Quebec. 

ALLAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 
dau. of Waiter Beattie, Esq.), mar. 1870 Sir 
Wm. Allan, Kt. Bach., M.P. (d. 1903). Res., 
Scotland House, Sunderland. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-) , Baronet. Sir Henry 
Spencer Moreton Uavelock-Allan, 2nd Bt (U.K. 
1858) , a D.L. for Durham , Capt. 3rd Batt. Durham 
L.I. (Mil.) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1872, sue. 1897, 
mar. 1903 Edith, dau. of late T. C. J. Sowerby, 
Esq. Heir pres., his bro. Allan (b. 1874 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Hemy Ealph Moreton, b. 1899). 
Seat, Blackwell Grange, Darlington. 

*** The renowned Maj. -Gen. Sir Henry Haveloek, 
K. C.B. —who, in conjunction with Gen. SirClias. Gut ram, 
effected the first relief of Lucknow and then held it 
under unparalleled difficulties until himself relieved by 
Sir Colin Campbell— was designated for a Baronet, but 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art.), who 
assumed the additional name of Allan. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet's Widow. 
Lady Alice H.-A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E. 
of LHicie, b. 1843, mar. 1S65 Lt.-Gen. Sir Hemy 
M. Havelock-Allan, 1st Bt., G.C.B. , Y€, M.P., 
killed by the Afridis, 1897. Res., 8 Hertford Si., 
Mayfair, W. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. 

ALV 107 

ALLANSON and WINN, Baron {Ira. 1797)— 
see "Headlev, Bn." 

ALLARDYCB, William Lamond, C.M.G. 
(1902), late Receiver Gen. and Assist. Colon. Sec. 
of Fiji, now Gov. of the Falkland Is. : b. 1861. 
I Res., Govt. House, Port Stanley, Falkland Islds. 
i ALLASON (BANNATINE-), Col. Richard, 
! C.B. (Mil. 1904), R.H.A. ; Afghn. 1879-80, 
Soudan, and S. Africa 1899-1902, late an A.A.G. 
at Headqrs. : b. 1855. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

ALiXARD, Capt. Herbert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1876. 
ALLDRIDGE, Thomas Joshua, I.S.O. ^1905), 
I late a Dist. Comraissr. in Sierra Leone. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Marian, dau. of Rev. Win. B. Boyce), mar. 1851 
Sir Geo. W. Allen, K.C.M.G., Speaker Leg. 
Assem. N.S.W. (d. 1885). Res., Toxteth Pk., 
Sydney.— (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of tbe late 
; Rev. J. F. Turner), mar. 1876 Sir Geo. \Vm. Allen, 
I K.C.I.E. (d. 1900). Res., Free Chase, Haywards 
j Heath, Sussex; 5 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

ALLEN, Benjamin, I.S.O. (1903), Chief Clk., 
I Public Works Loan Board : b. 1845. Kes., The 
j Lees, Sidcup, Kent. 

j ALLEN, George Thomas, 1.8.0.(1903), Sec. 
j to Treas. Dept. of Commonwealth of Australia: 
|ib. 1852. 

H ALLEN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of the late 
! Bn. Hood of Avalon. 

! [ ALLEN, Maj .-Gen. Ralph Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
J 1 1900-1), Hon. Maj .-Gen. retd. ; Bechuanaland 

1884-5, and S. Africa 1899-1901, late A.A.G. at 

Headqrs. : b. 1845. Res., 10 Hanover Sq., W. 
\\ ALLEN, Lt.-Col. Robert Franklin, D.S.O. 

(1904), R.E., Manipur 1891, Somalild. 1903-4: b. 


ALLEN, Capt. William Lynn, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Border Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

ALLENBY, Brig. -Gen. Edmund Henry 
Hynman, C.B. (Mil. 1002), late 5th Lancers; 
Bechuanald. 1884-5, Zululand 1888, and S. Africa 
1899-1902, now comdg. 4th Cav. Brigade (Col- 
chester) : b. 1861. 

j ALLENBY, Capt, Reginald Arthur, M.V.O. 

! (4th Class, 1904), R.N., Egypt 1882, now Naval 
Attache for Gc-rmany, Holland, and Denmark : 

I b. 1861. Club, IT. Serv. 

! ALLERTON, Baron. William La wiEsJacifc- 
son, 1st Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1890, Irel. 
I 1891), F.R.S., formerly Chief Sec. for Ireland 
I and Financ. Sec. to Treas., was Chmn. of S. 
|l African Cmttee. 1896, now Chmn. of G. N. Rail., 
I late an M.P., was Mayor of Leeds 1895-6, formerly 
I a tanner and leather merchant : son of the 
I late Wm. Jackson, Esq.; b. Feb. 16, 1840 ; cr. Bn. 
H 1902 (C) ; mar. i860 the late Grace (d. 1901), dau. 
I of Geo. Tempest, Esq. Seat, Allerton Hall, Chapel 
I Allerton, Leeds ; town res., 27 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Cre.vtion. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1902. 
I Issue. 


Hon. Gkokge Hekbeiit J., h§jr to Barony, b. 1867, 
mar. 1899 Katherine Louisa, dau. of Win. \V, Wick- 
ham, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Jackson). Res., Walton, 
Boston Spa, Yorks (2nd heir, his son George 
William Lawies, b. 1903.) 

Hon. Francis Stanley J., B.A., late Capt. 3rd 
Batfc. Roy. Lane. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
igco-2, is a well-known Yorkshire cricketer : b. 1370, 
I mar. 1902 Daisy, dau. of Jtfy. Harrison-Broadley, 

Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Francis J.). Club, Jun. Carlton. 
1 Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
i'iimeleff, mar. 1891, wid. 1900. 

Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George Harper, 
mar. 1893 Maj. Geo. Montague D.S.O., q.v. 

Hon. Evelyn Maud, now Hon, Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Arth. Philip B., Esq., M.D. Res., 44 
Seymour St., Portman Sq., W. 
Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-M'isgrave, mar. 
1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham MusgraVe S.^ftL Res., Oak- 
hurst, nr. Allerton, Leeds. 
Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Aubrey Brockle- 
bank, mar. 1898 Aubrey B., Esq. Res., Ingleton, 
Woolton Pk., L'pool. 

ALLEYNE, Baronet. Sir John Gay Newton 
Alleyne, 3rd Bt.{Gt.Br. 1769), M.I.C.E.,M.I.M.E., 
Vice-Pres. Iron and Steel Inst, and a Co. Aid. for 
Derby sh., formerly Warden of Dulwich Coll. and 
Capt. 12th Derby Rifle Vols. : son of 2ndBt., b. 
1820, sue. 1870, mar. 1851 Augusta Isabella, dau. 
of Sir Hy. FitzHerbert, 3rd Bt. Heir, his son 
Reynold Henry Newton (b. 1852 ; 2nd heir, | 
latter's son John Meynell, b. 1889). Seat, Chevin, | 
Belper, Derbysh. 

ALLFREY, Hon. Mrs. Moubray, dau. of 17th 
Bn. Saye and Sele. 

ALLGOOD, Maj .-Gen. George, C.B. (Mil. \ 
1864), Punjab, Mutiny, China, and Peshawar 1863, 
1 ret. 1869 : b. 1827. Res., Blindburn, Wark-on- 
Tyne R.S.O. 

ALLISON, Lady Diana, dau. of 14th E. of j 
Eglinton and Winton. 

ALLMAN, Robert, C.M.G. (1901), L.R.C.P.I , j 
late Princ. Med. Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin ■ 
1897, Aro 1901) : b. 1854. Res., 2 Cowper Villas, | 
Palmerston Pk., Dublin. 

ALLOA, Baron {Scot. 1489), a title of the Mar j 
and Kellie Earldom, claimed also by the E. of Mar. \ 

ALLRIDGE, Thomas Joshua, I.S.O. (1905), 
late Dist. Commissr. in Sierra Leone. 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, 
q.v. for" Hons." and one mrrd. " Lady." 

ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), Collector- 
Gen, of Customs, Excise, &c, in Jamaica. Res., 

ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE op {Gt. Br. 
1784)— see "Northumberland, D. of." 

ALSTON, Knight. Sir Francis Beilby 
Alston, K.C.M.G. (1886), late Ch. Clk. in For. 
OfS.ce, where he was employed 1839-90, has been 
a Lieut, in Herts. Mil. : b. 1820, mar. 1862 Emily 
Louise Caroline, dau. of Bridges Taylor, Esq. 
Res., 69 Eceleston Sq., S.W. 

ALT, Col. William John, C.B. (Civ. 1901), 
V.D., F.R.G.S., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
8th Vol. Batt. King's Rov. Rif. Corps : b. 1840. 
Res., 3 Airlie Gdns., Campden Hill Rd., W. 
Villa Amelia, Rapallo, Liguria, Italy. 

ALTAMONT, Earl of {by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1771), eld. son and heir of Marq. of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Col. Edward Altham (name 
doubled), C.B. (Mil. 1904), C.M.G. (1901), late 
! Roy. Scots; Bechuanald. 1884-5 and Boer War 
1899-1900, late an A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs.: b. 1856. 

ALTHORP, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1765), a title of 
the Spencer Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALTMAN, Knight. Sir Albert Joseph 
Altmav, Kt. Bach. (1894), a merchant, Lieut, and 
Common Councilman for City of London and 
Past Master of three City Cos.: b. 1839, mar. 1869 
Margaret Eliza, dau. of Thos. V ernon, Esq. Res., 
Lewisham Pk., S.E. 

ALTON, Flt.-Paym. Francis Cooke, C.B. (Mil. 
1002), was Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 1898-1901 : 
b. 1856. Res.. 37 St. Michael's Rd., Bedford. 

ALVERSTONE {pron. Alyerston), Baron. 
Richard Everard Webster, 1st Bn. {U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. Br. 1900), G.C.M.G. (1893; 
Kt. Bach. 1885), M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., Lord Chief 
Justice of Engld., late Attorn.-Gen. (3rd time), 
appd. Q..C. 1878. an M.P. 1885-1900, a memb. of | 

io8 AM A 

Directory of Peer age t 


Histor. MSS. Commssn. and a Gov. of the 
Charterhouse, a Kt. of Grace St. John Jems., 
was Brit. Counsel in the Arbitrations of Behring 
Sea 1893 and Venezuela 1898-9 : son of the late 
j Thos. Webster, Esq., Q,.C. ; b. Dec. 22, 1842; cr. a 
! Bn. 1900 (O.) ; mar. 1872 the late Louisa Mary, 
j dau. of Wm. C. Calthrop, Esq. (she died 1877). 
I No heir. Seat, Winterfold, Cranleigh, Guildford ; 
j town res., Hornton Lodge, Pitt St., Kens., W. 
' Creations. U.K. : A Bt. and Bn. Alverstone, iqoo. 

Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw Mellor, 
b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Shaw If., Esq. Res., 14 
Westboume St., Paddington, W. 
The laU Hon. Arthur Harold W., b. 1874, d. 1902, 
having mar. 1898 Gwladys Marie, dau. of Sir Fras. 
H. Evans, Bt., K.C.M.G., M.P. ; she re-married 
1905 as Mrs. Iain Ramsay, forfeiting title. Res., 
Alverstone House, Shanklin, I.W. 
AMAR SINGH, Gen. Raja Sir, K.C.S.I. (1891), 
Vice-Pres. of Kashmir State Counc, Com.-in-Ch. 
of Army, and in charge of Foreign and other 
State Depts., formerly Prime Min. : b. 1864. Res., 
The Mandi Palace, Jammu, and Shergarhi Palace, 
Srinagar— both Kashmir. 

AMBERLEY, Viscount ( U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

AMHERST, family name of the following Earl- 
dom. Index to that line ( a . ) and that of ' ' Amherst 
of Hackney" (a.h., Tyssen- Amherst), see below : 
Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Flcrentia, a. Ly. Margaret, A. 
Lady Charlotte, a. Hn. Hugh, a. Hn. Percy Arth.A. 
Hn. Florence, a.h. Hn. Marg. Mitf.A.H.Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AMHERST, Earl. "William Archer Amherst, 
3rd Earl (U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, a Kt. of Jus- 
tice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1859-80 (as Vise. 
Holmesdale) and formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd E. ; b. March 26, 
1836; sue. 1886 (C), having sat as Bn. Amherst 
from 18S0 in his father's lifetime; mar., 1st, 1862, 
the late Lady Julia Mann Cornwallis, dau. of 5th 
and last Earl Cornwallis (she died 1883) ; 2ndly, 
1889, Alice Dalton, Dowager Ctss. of Lisbume 
(widow of 5th E. and sist. of widow of 6th), 
dau. of Edmd. Probyn, Esq. Seat, Montreal, 
Sevenoaks, Kent; town res., 3 Wilton Terr., 
Belgr. Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Bn. Amherst, Gt. Br. 1788 (orig. 1761) ; 
Earl Amherst and Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The 1st 
Baron was a Field-Marshal Com. -in-Chief of the British 
Army in N. America 1758-64, afterwards of the entire 
British Army ; was also a Knight of the Bath. His 
nephew, who succeeded under special remainder by 
a second patent, and who was Envoy to China and 
Viceroy of India, obtained the Earldom and Viscty. 
Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1835.) 

Rev. the Hon. Percy Arthur A., B.A., heir pres. to 

Earldom : b. 1839, widower. 
Lady Margaret Catherine A., b. 1848. Res., 5 Upper 

Berkeley St., W. 
Lady Elinor, now Lady E. Denison, b. 1850, mar. 1877 

Capt. Wm. Evelyn D. Res., Ossington, Newark, 


Lady Charlotte Florentia A., b. 1851. Res., with Lady 

Hon. Hugh A., 2nd heir, Capt. late Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Nile Expedn. 1884-5: b. 1356, mar. 1896 
Hon. Eleanor Clementina St. Aabyn (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh .4.), dau. of 1st Bn. St. Levari. Club, 

AMHERST (TYSSEN-) , family name of fol- 
lowing Barony (see Index above). 

AMHERST of HACKNEY, Baron. Willtam 
Amhuest Tyssen-Amherst (Tyssen pron. Tysen), 

1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Middx., Kt. # of 
Justice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1880-92, High 
Sheriff of Norfolk 1866 : son of 1 he late Wm. G. T. 
Daniel Tyssen, Esq. (who by licence exchanged 
the name Daniel Tyssen for Tyssen- Amhurst, his 
son by a second licence altering the spelling of 
the last syllable); b. April 25, 1835; cr. Bn. 
1892 (G.) ; mar. 1856 Margaret Susan, dau. of 
the late Adm. Robt. Mitford, a Lady of Grace 
St. John Jerus. Seat, Didlington Hall, Brandon, 
Norfolk ; town res., 8 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Amherst of Hackney, U. K. 1892 (with 
special remainder, in default of male issue, to eld. 
daughter and her issue male). 

( Tyssen- Amherst .) 
Mary Rothes Margaret, now Lady "William Cecil, 
heiress pres. to Barony (by special remainder), 
Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1857, mar. 1885 
Lord Wm. C, son of 3rd M. of Exeter, q.v. (2nd 
heir, her son William Amherst C, b. 1886.) 
Hon. Sibyl Margaret T.-A. } Tjflf ii ps n f Tnxtice 
Hon. Florence Margaret T.-A. } ^S^J* t^ns' 
Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A. ) St. John Jerus. 
Hon. Alicia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Cecil, Lady of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 
Evelyn C, Esq., M. P., son of Lord Eustace Cecil, 
and 1st cousin of present M. of Salisbury. Res., 
10 Eaton PL, S.W. 
Hon. Geraldine Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drummond 
of Meggineh, mar. 1890 Capt. Male. D. of M. Res., 
Megginch Castle, Errol R.S.O., Perthsh. 
The late Beatrice Margaret T.-A., d. 1881. 
AMORY (HEATHCOAT-), Baronet. Sir John 
Heathcoat Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Bt. (U.K. 
1874), a D.L. for Devon, an M.P. 1868-85: son 
of Saml. Amory, Esq., of Homerton and Portland 
Place, London; b. 1829, mar. 1863 Henrietta Maiy, 
dau. of Wm. Unwin, Esq. ; assumed additional 
name of Heathcoat 1874. Heir, his son Ian 
Murray Heathcoat H.-A. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son John, b. 1894). Seat, Knightshayes 
Ct., Tiverton, Devon. 

AMOS, Capt. Herbert Gilbert Maclachlan, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), King's Own Scot. Bords.; S. 
Africa 1900-1 : b. 1866. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Rt. 
Hon. Sir Richd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
Appeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H. Holme, 
Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Res., Clarence 
Lodge, Tunb. Wells. 

AMPHLETT, Maj. Charles Grove, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), with 1st Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-1900, now retd. : b. 1862. Res., Four Ashes 
Hall, nr. Bridgnorth. 

AMPTHILL, Baron. Arthur Oliver Villters 
Russell, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), G.C.S.I. (1904), G.C.I.E. 
(1900), M.A., F.R.G.S., Gov. of Madras (was 
Acting Viceroy 1904), Capt. in Beds. Mil., late 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. of State for Colonies : son of 1st 
Bn. and 1st cousin of D. of Bedford ; b. Feb. 19, 
1869 ; sue. 1884 (L.U.) ; mar. 1894 Lady Margaret 
Lygon, C.I., dau. of 6th Earl Beauchamp. Res., 
Govt. House, Madras. 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. 1881.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the 9th Duke of Bedford, 
wa3 created 1st Baron after a long diplomatic service, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, b. 1896. 
Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R., 2nd heir, b. 1898. 
Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b. 1901. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1869.) 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

AND 109 

Hon. Odo William Theophilus Villicrs R., a 2nd Sec. 

in Diplom.. Serv. , b. 1870. Res. , Brit. Emb. , Vienna. 
Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R., b. 1872. 
Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers R., B.A., 

barrister-at-law, Oapt. _ 
and an Instr. of Musketry: 

Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil. 
b. 1874, mar. 1905 
Annora Margaret Bromley, dau. of the late Geo. 
E. Martin, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Victor R.). Res., 
19 Stratford PL, W. 
Hon. Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers R., Maj. 
Gren. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : twin 
with preceding, and same res. 
Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R., 
b. 1879. 

AMPTHILL, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., V.A., nee Lady Emily Theresa Villiers, 
a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria: 
j dau. of 4th E. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar. 1868 
1st Bn. Amptliill (d. 1884). lies., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 19 Stratford PL, Oxford St., W. 

ANCASTER, Earl of. Gilbert Henry 
Heathcote-Drummond-Wittoughby, 1st Earl {U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880) ; Joint Here- 
ditary Lord Gt. Chamberlain (see note under 
" Cholmondeley, Marq."), Chmn. of Q.S. and a 
■j Co. Aid. for Rutland, a D.L. for that Co., late also 
Lines., an M.P. 1852-67 (as Hon. G. H. Heath - 
I cote) : son of 1st Bn. Aveland and of Bnss. 
Willoughby de Eresby ; b. Oct. 1, 1830; sue. as 
2nd Bn. Aveland 1867, as 25th Bn. Willoughby 
Me E. 1888, cr. Earl 1892 (C.) ; mar. 1863 Lady 
j Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of 10th M. of 
j Huntly ; assumed names Drummond and 
Willoughby 1872. Seats, Normanton Pk., Stam- 
|ford : Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne, Lines. ; Drum- 
mond Castle, Crieff, Perthsh. ; town res., 12 
Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Willoughby de Eresby, 1313 by 
writ. Gt. Br. : A Bt. 1733- U.K. : Bn. Aveland, 1856; 
E. of Ancaster, 1892.— The 1st Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edward I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in line married the 1st Bn. 
Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but on the death of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
widow of the 1st Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, 5th Bt., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dysart in her own right. His son, the present 
Peer, who is thus a Baron through both his father and 
mother, and grandson of a Countess, was created Earl of 
Ancaster. He is 22nd Baron Willoughby, but 25th when 
Baronesses are counted. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Heathcote-Drummond- Willotighby.) 
Issue of present (1st) E.: 

Lady Evelyn Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, Order 
of Mercy : b. 1864, mar. 1888 Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry 
Peter E., G.C.V.O., K.C.B.,q.v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, now Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1866, mar. 1902 Gideon Macpherson R., Esq. 
Res., 31 Sloane Ct. West, Chelsea, S.W. 
Lord Willoughby de Eresky (pron. Derzby), heir to 
Earldom: Gilbert H.-D.-W., M.A., M.P. for Horn- 
castle Div. of Lines. (<?.), Maj. Lines. Imper. Yeom.: 
b. 1867, mar. 1905 Eloise Breese. Res., with Earl 
(Crieff excepted). 
Lady Nina H.-D.-W., b. 1869. 

Hon. Charles Strathavon H.-B.- W., 2nd heir, Maj. 
Scots Gds., served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1870, mar. 
1903 Lady Muriel Agnes Stuart Evskine, dau. of 
14th E. of Buchan. Res., 19 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 
Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1872, mar. 150s, as 2nd husb., 
Lady Florence Astley, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyng- 
ham and widow of Bertram F. Frankland-Russell- 
Astley, Esq. Res., Chequers Ct., Tring, Bucks. ; 
21 Eaton PL, S.W. 
Lady Cecilie, now Lady Cecilie Goff, b. 1874, mar. 
1896 Clarence <■?., Esq. Res., Carrowroe Pk., Ros- 
common ; 46 Pont St., S.W. 
Lady Alice H.-D.- W., b. 1876. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Ctss. of Dalhotisie, b. 1878, 

mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D., q.v. 
Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W., Midsh. R.N., b. 1883. 

— D aus. -in-law : 

Lady Muriel H.-D.-W., see Hon. Charles above. 
Lady Florence H.-D.-W., see Hon. Claud. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. Aveland (sists. of present 
E.) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now Hon Lady Tryon, 
q.v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 1893). 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willoughby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name in 
lieu of Heathcote), b. 1838. Res., Swinstead Hall, 
Bourne, Lines. ; 4 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

ANCRAM, Earl op (Scot. 1633 and 1701) a 
title of the Lothian Marquessate, borne by the 
heir when the first-bom of the family. Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian" under Creations. 

ANDERSON Baronetcy (Eng. 1660), believed extinct 
1891, but now claimed, as 10th Bt., by James S. Ander- 
son, of Gt. Yarmouth. 

ANDERSON, Bishop— sec "Riverina." 

ANDERSON, Knight (1). Sir George Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1905), a banker of Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (2). Sir John AncU rson, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), M.A., Gov. of Straits Settmts., 
High Commissr. for Protected States in Malay 
Penins., and Cons.-Gen. f or Territs. of BritishNth. 
Borneo Co. ; has been attached to important Com- 
mssns. and Confs., was on Staff of H.R.H. the 
present Prince of Wales on his visit to the 
Colonies : b. 1858. Res., Govt. House, Singapore. 

ANDERSON, Knight (3). Sir Robert .<4nderso/<, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late 
Assist. Commissr. Metrop. Police and head of 
Crim. Investig. Dept., a theolog. author: b. 1841, 
mar. 1873 the under-mentioned Lady Agnes 
Anderson. Res., 39 Linden Gdns., Bays water, W. 

ANDERSON", Knight (4). Sir Robert Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1903), an Alderman of Belfast, 
High Sheriff during the visit of H.M. the King ; 
pai'tner in a drapery business and Chmn. of Jno. 
Arnott and Co. and of Anderson and M'Aulay 
and other Cos., also of Belfast Y.M.C.A. : b. 
1837, mar. 1900 Wilhelmina, dau. of Rev. Andrew 
Long. Res., The Park, Dunmurry R.S.O., Co. 
Antrim; Donegall PL, Belfast. 

ANDERSON, Knight (5). Sir Robert Row- 
and Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., P.R.S.E., 
F.R.I.B.A., Hon. R.S.A., a Scottish architect: 
b. 1834, mar. 1863 Mary, dau. of Henry Ross, 
Esq. R(s., Allermuir House, Colinton R.S.O., 
MicQothn. ; 16 Rutland Sq., Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (6). Sir Thomas 
M'Call Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1905), Prof, of 
Medicine in Glasgow Univ. 

ANDERSON, Knight (7). Sir William John 
Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of 
Trinidad and Tobago, prev. of Brit. Honduras, 
and a Judge in Turk's Is. and Jamaica : b. 1846, 
mar. 1871 Mary, dau. of the late S. J. Clutsam, 
Esq., M.D. Res., Belize, Brit. Honduras. 

ANDERSON, Knights' Widows. (1) Hon. 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumarez 
(dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. 
Boston, own sist. of Dow. Lady Boston, and 
mother of present Bn.), b. 1841, mar., 1st, 1859, 
Hon. Florance Irby, who became the above 5th 
Bn. (d. 1877) ; 2ndly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. 
AndersoD, K.C.B. (d. 1896). Res., Tannheirn, 
Wimborne Rd . , Bournemouth, with her son-in-1 iw 
Sir H. H. Johnston.— (2) Lady A. (Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Jos. Barcroft, Esq.), mar. 1863 
Sir Samuel L. Anderson, Crown Solie. in Ireld. 
(d. 1886). Res., 74 Lower Baggot St., Dublin. 

no AND 

Directory of Peerage, 

ANDERSON, Lady Agnes Alexandrina, 
sist. of gth E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of 
Sir Robt. Anderson, K.C.B., Kt. 3. 

ANDERSON, Col. Charles Alexander, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 
I878-80, Burma 1885-6, and N.W. Frontier 1897-8, 
now A.A.G. in Punjab : b. 1857. Res., Murree. 

ANDERSON, Maj. Ernest Chester, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A.M.C., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1S63. 

ANDERSON, Graham, OLE. (1894). (Not in 
Ind. Serv. List.) 

ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1807), 
late Actg. Commissr. of Derajat, prev. Dep. 
Commissi-, in Punjab: b. 1851, Club, E. Ind. 
U. Serv. 

ANDERSON, Gen. Horace Searle, C.B. (Mil. 
1887), LA. Supernum. List; Persia 1856-7, 
Mutiny, Afghn., and Burma 1885-7, comd. 
Dists. of Bombay 1886-94, now Col. 101st Grena- 
diers (Ind.): b. 1833. lies., Faygate, Horsham, 

ANDERSON, Brig.-Surg. John, OLE. (1881), 
M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Trop. Medicine at 
St. Mary's Hosp. Med. Sch., was Med. Offr. on 
stiff of M. of Ripon in India : b. 1840. Res., 
9 Harley St., W. 

ANDERSON, Capt. John, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Qmr. and Hon. Capt. A.S.C.; S. Africa 1893- 
1903, now with Constab. there : b. 1852. 

ANDERSON, John Gerard, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., late Under Sec. Dept. of Public Instruc- 
tion, State of Queensland : b. 1836. lies., Meri- 
vale St., South Brisbane. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Nelson Graham, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), A.S.C., S. Africa 1900: b. 1875. 

ANDERSON, Robert, C.M.G. (1903)', M.I.C.E., 
late Ch. Engr, of Uganda Govt. Rails., prev. of 
lines in Scotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 
Club, Caledonian. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Rowland James Percy, 
D.S O. (1900-1), 11th Hussars ; N. W. Ind. Front, 
and Uganda, served with Tasm. Imper. Bushmen 
in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), Supt. of 
Registry, Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. Will! am Campbell, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), comdg. 4th Batt. Bord. Regt. 
(Mil.) ; Niger and Gold Coast 1896-9, S. Africa 
1899-1902: b. 1868. Res., Earlywood, Windle- 
sham, Camberley. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Robert Le Geyt, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), LA., Egypt 18S2, Tirah 1897, 
A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay 1877-8, now Acct.-Gen. 
to Mil. Dept. India : b. 1850. lies., Simla. 

ANDOE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Bea- 
trice Ruperta, dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, 
Esq., son of 3rd Bt.), mar. 1880 Adm. Sir Hilary 
G. Andoe, K.C.B., of nav. serv. from 1855 (d. 
1905). Res., 2 Elliot Terr., Plymouth. 

ANDOVER, Viscount {Eng. 1622), a title of 
the Suffolk and Berkshire Earldom, borne by 
the heir when a son. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Andrews, P.C. {Irel. 1903), a D.L. for 
Co. Down, Chmn. of Down CO. during the visit 
of H.M. the King, is also Chmn. Co. Down Rail, 
and Pres. of Ulster Lib. Un. Assoc., a flax- 
spinner : b. 1843, mar. 1870. Mm., Ardara, Comber 
R.S.O.. Co. Down. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
William Drennan Andrews, P.C. {Irel. 1897), 
LL.D., Judge of King's Bench Div. High Ct., 
Ireld., formerly of Excheq. and Matrimon. Divs., 
appd. Q.C. 1872: b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 
Lower Leeson St., Dublin. 

ANGEL, Capt. Thomas Lumbard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Kimberley Tn. Gd. ; Bechuanald. 1896-7, 
and S. Afr. War 1900-1. Res., 33 Roper St., 

ANGLER, Knight. Sir Theodore Vivian 
Samuel Angler, Kt. Bach. (1904), F.R.S.S., 
metnb. of the steamship firm of Angier Bros, and 
a Dir. of Empire Steamship Assur. Assoc., Pres. 
1905 of Chamb. of Shipping of U.K., formerly 
; Capt. Middx. Yeom. : b. 1845, mar. 1897 Lilian 
j Maude, dau. of the late Edmd. Routledge, Esq. 
Res., Hill Crest, Dyke Rd., Brighton. 
ANGLESEY, Marquess of. Charles Henry 
I Alexander Paget, 5th Marq. {U.K.) and a Bt. 

{Irel.), 2nd Lieut. Roy. Horse Gds., a minor till 
i April 1906 : 1st cousin of 5th Marq., son of Lord 
I Alex. Victor Paget,and gt. grandson of the Water- 
j loo Fd. -Marshal ; t>. April 14, 1885 ; sue. 1905 (C). 
Seats, Anglesey Castle (Plas Newydd), Llanfair 
I P. G. R.S.O., Anglesea; Beaudesert, Lichfield; 
14 Southwick Crese., Oxford Sq., W. 

Creations. Bn. Paget, Eng. 1553 by writ; E. of 
Uxbriclge, Gt. Br. 1784; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815; a 
Bt. Irel. 1730.— The ist Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VIII. and raised to the Peerage under Edward 
VI. The 9th Bn. obtained the Earldom, and his 
successor the Marquessate, he having been greatly dis- 
tinguished in the Peninsular War and having at 
Waterloo led the grand- charge which is considered to 
have decided the victory ; he was afterwards twice Lord 
Lieut, of Ireland. The line, of succession from 1769 has 
descended from Sir Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Bt., who had 
married the heiress of the Paget Bny., and whose son, 
the above 9th Bn. and ist Earl, immediately assumed 
the ancient family name. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Pro. of present {dth) 31. (heir pres. to arques- 
sate) : 

Victor William P., Esq., b. 1889. (2nd heir, his ist 
cous. once rem. Fitzroy Hicbard Clarence P., b. 

Surviving issue of 2nd 31 . (uncle and aunt of pres.): 
(By ist mrrge. 
The late 3rd Marquess, b. 1821, d. 1880, childless.) 

Bv 2ND mrrge. 
(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1835, d. 1898. Son : 

The late 5th Marquess, b. 1875, d. 1905 childless.) 
Lady Florence Cecilia, aftds. Mchss. of Hastings 
(which title she retains by courtesy), b. 1842, mar., 
ist., 1864, 4th Marq. of H. (d. 1868) ; andly, 1870, Sir 
Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., q.v. 
Lord Berkeley Charles Sydney P., formerly Hon. Maj. 
Staffordsh. Yeomanry, b. 1844, mar. 1877 Florence, 
dau. of the late Wm. H. Chetwynd, Esq. (Lady 
Berkeley P.). Res., 11 Upper Wimpole St., W. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Lady Alexander P. (nie Hon. Hester Alice Stapleton- 
Cotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. Combermere, b. 1851, mar. 
1880 the late Lord Alexander Victor P. (d. 1896). 
Res., 14 Southwick Cresc, Oxford Sq., W. Son: 
Present Marquess, b. i88j. 

Daus.-in-law of 1st 31. (gt. aunts of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1797, d. 1869.) 
Lady Alfred P. (Cecilia, dau. of Geo. T. Wyndham, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Gen. Lord Alfred Henry 
P., C.B. (d. 1888). Res., Upper Lodge, Bushey Pk., 
Teddington ; 56 Queen Anne St., W. 
Lady George Augustus, now by 2nd mrrge. (1881) 
Dow. Ctss. of Essex, q.v. (mar., ist, 1861, Gen. Lord 
Geo. A. Fredk. P., K.C.B., who died 1880). 

ANGLESEY, Marquesses' Widows. (1) 
Dowager Marchioness of A. (Mary Living- 
stone, dau. of J. P. King, Esq., of Georgia, 
U.S.A., and widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), 
mar. 1880, as 3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 
i§g8) . Res., 7 Rue de l'Ermitage, Versailles.— (2) 
Marchioness of A. (Lilian Florence Maud, 
dau. of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the 

ANGr Baronetage, Knightage, Sc. AN" 3 in 

Mchss. of Hastings), mar. 1898 5th Marq. (d. 
1905). lies., 39 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

ANGUS, Earl of {Scot. 1389)— see "Hamil- 
ton, D. of." 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 1st Newcastle- 
on-Tyne Vol. Artill. : b. 1851. lies., Framlington 
House, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

ANLEY, Capt. Baenett Dver Lemprikre 
Gray, D.S.O. (1900-1), Essex Regt.; with 6th Batt. 
Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 1899-1Q00 : b. 1873. 

ANNALY, Baron. Luke White, 3rd Bn. 
{U.K.), a D.L. for Co. Longford, Hon, Col. and 
Lt.-Col. comdg. Northants. Imper. Yeom., for- 
merly Capt. in Scots Gds., served in Egypt 1882 : 
son of 2nd Bn. ; b. Feb. 25, 1857 ; sue. 1888 
{L.U.); mar. 1884 the Hon. Lilah Georgiana 
Augusta Constance Agar-Ellis, dau. of 3rd Vise. 
Clifden. Seats, Gowran E.S.O., Co. Kilkenny; 
Holdenbj^ House, Northampton ; Luttrellstown, 
Cionsilla^ Co. Dublin {let) ; town res., 43 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.K. 1863.— The 1st Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
Lieutenant of latter. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Luk.e Henry IF, heir to Barony, Lieut. 3rd 
Co. of Loud. Impcr. Yeom : b. 1885. (2nd heir, his 
uncle Hon. Charles James.) 
Hon. Lilah Charlotte Sarah W., l>. 1889. 
Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret IF., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Ellen, new Dow. Lady Inchiquin (q.v.), b. 1354. 

mar. 1874 14th Bn. I. (d. 1900). 
Hon. Alice Emily, now Vctss. Coke, b. 1855, mar. 

1879 Vise. C, see " Leicester, 2nd E." 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Charles James IF., formerly Capt. Royal 
Fusiliers and Ch. Commissi 1 , of Police in Rhodesia, 
served in Matabele Campaigns of 1893 and 1G96 : 
b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelyn, dau. of J. JLJ. Bulkeley- 
Johnson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles IF). Res., 
2 West Chapel St., Mayfair, AV. 

Hon. Robert IF, late Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus., and 
Staff Offr. in Rhodesia Horse, served in Nile 
Expedn. 1884-5 aQ d in S. Africa igoo, and took 
part, together with his deceased bro. Hon. Henry 
Freda, in the Jameson Raid (sentenced to seven 
months' imprisonment) : b. 1861. Res., 16 Stratton 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

Hon. Violet, now Lady Percy St. Maur, b. 1869, mar. 
1899 Lord Percy St. M., son of the 14th D. of Somer- 
set (q.v.) and heir pres. to the Dukedom. 

Hon. Francis William IF, b. 1873. 

Surviving daus. of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1829, d. i833.) 

Hon. Eleanor Eliza, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Holden, 
b. 1834. mar. 1854 the late Col. Henry H. (d. 1898). 
Res., Reedley House, Burnley, Lanes. ; 33 Mon- 
tagu Sq., W. 

Hon. Eniilie Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 
1844, mar. 1867 2nd Bn. E., q.v. 
ANNALY, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
.Lady A. (Emily, dau. of Jas. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1853 2nd Bn. Annaly (d. 1888). Bes., 22 Gros- 
venorSt., W. 

ANNESLEY, family name of Annesley Earl- 
dom and Valentia Viscounty. Index to the two 
lines : 

|Hn. Algern.S.A. v.Ly. Constance, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 

Iln. Altisidora, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Lettice, v. 

Hn. Arthur, v. Hon.Mrs. Fras.sep. Hn. Sydney A. v. 

Hn. Mrs. Arthur, a. Hn. Helen, v. Hn. Victoria, v. 

Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hn. Violet, v. 
I Ly. Clare, a. 

ANNESLEY, Earl. Hugh Annesley, 5th Earl 
Vjrel.), an Irish Repres. Peer (el. 1877), B.A., a 

D.L. for Co. Down, an M.P. 1857-74 (as Hon. H. 
Annesley), formerly Lt.-Col. Scots Gds., served in 
Kaffir War of 1851-3 and in Crimea : son of 3rd E. 
and bro. of 4th ; b. Jan. 26, 1831 ; sue. 1874 
(C.) ; mar., 1st, 1877, the late Mabel Wilhelmina 
Frances, dau. of Col. Wm. T. Markham (she died 
1891) ; 2ndly, 1892, Priscilla Cecilia, dau. of the 
late Wm. Armitage Moore, Esq. Seats, Castle- 
wellan, and Donard Lodge, Newcastle R.S.O., 
both Co. Down ; town res., Annesley Lodge, 
Sussex PI., Regent's Pk., N.W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewellan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Glerawly (q.v.) 1766; Earl Annesley, 1789.— The 1st 
Bo. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yorks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {$th) E.: 


Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Soivei-by, b. 18S1, mar. 1904 Lieut. Gerald S:, R.N. 

Vise. Glerawlv, heir to Earldom: Francis A., b. 
1884. (and heir, his 1st cousin Walter Beresford A., 
b. 1861.) 


Lady Clare A. b. 1893. 

Lady Constance Mary A.., b. 1893. 

Dau.-in-laiv of 3rd E. (sist.-in-law of present) : 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1830, d. unmrrd. 1874.) 
(Present Earl, b. 1831.) 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston, Esq.), mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. 
Arth. A. (d. 1881). Res., 6 Coburg PL, Kens. Gdns., 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Francis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. Newborough. 

ANNESLEY, Maj. James Howard Adolphus, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 6th Drgn. Gds. ; Tirah 1897-8, 
S. Africa 1900-1, late a Staff Capt. in Pretoria 
Sub-Dist.: b. 1868 (descendant of 2nd Earl). 

ANNESLEY, Maj. William Richard Norton, 
D.S.O. (1886), Roy. W. Kent Regt. ; Egypt 1886: 
b. 1863 (descendant of 2nd Earl). 

Gen. Sir Arthur Lyttelton Lyttelton-Annesley , 
K.C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.S.Arts, Col. 
11th Hussars, served in Crimea and has been 
A.A.G. at Headqrs. and A.G. at Bombay, ret. 
1898: b. 1837, assumed name of Lyttelton 1884. 
Res. , Templemere, Weybridge, Surrey. 

ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons.," also below. 

ANSON, Baronet. Sir William Reynell 
Anson, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1831), D.C.L., LL.D., M.P. 
for Oxford Univ. {L.U.), Pari. Sec; to Bd. of 
Education, barrister-at-law, Chmn. Oxfordsh. 
Q..S., Warden of All Souls Coll., andChanc. of the 
Diocese of Oxford, a Trustee of Nat. Portr. 
Gall., late Vice-Chanc. of the Univ. and for- 
merly Vinerian Reader in Civ. and Engl. Law : 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1843, sue. 1873. Heir pres., 
his bro. Frederick Arthur (b. 1850 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Denis George William, b. 1888). Seat, 
Birch Hall, Manchester ; res., All Souls Coll., 
Oxford ; Pusey, Faringdon, Berks. ; 192 Ashley 
Gdns., Westmr., S.W. ; chamb., 1 Brick Ct., 
Temple. E.C. 

ANSON, Bishop {retired). Rt. Rev. Hon. 
Adelbert John Robert Anson, D.D., 1st Bp. 
of QuAppelle (Assiniboia, Canada, 1884-92), was 
Warden of St. John's Hosp. Lichfield 1893-8, now 
a Canon of that Cathedral : son of 1st E. of Lich- 
field, b. i8ao, cons. 1884. Bes., The Close, Lich- 

ANSON, Knight. Maj .-Gen. Sir Archibald 
Edward Harbord Anson, K.C.M.G. (1882), R.A. 


Directory of Peerage, 


retd. (1879), served in Crimea and Malay Penins., 
and has three times administered Govt, of Straits 
Settmts., was Insp.-Gen. of Police at Mauritius 
1858-67 and Lt.-Gov. of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1826 
(son of 1st Bt. in above line), widower. Res., 
Southfield, Silverhill, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

ANSON, Viscount {by courtesy— -title U.K. 
1806), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 
Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absorbed 
in the Lichfield Earldom. 

ANSON, Hons. Mrs. Algernon and Mrs. 
Frederick, daus. respectively of 6th and 5th 
Bns. Vernon. 

ANSON, Capt. Charles Eustace, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1901), E.N., Egypt 1882, now comdg. 
H.M.'s Yacht 'Osborne:' b. 1859 (grandson of 
5th Bn. Vernon). Club, Jun. U. Serv. 

ANSTICE, Col. John Arthur, C.B. (Civ. 1904), 
V.D., M.A., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
1st Vol. Batt. Shropsh. L.I., a C.C. for the Co., 
several times Mayor of Wenlock : b. 1846. Res., 
Marnwood, Iron Bridge R.S.O., Salop. 

ANSTICE, Col. Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), M.A., Lt.-Col. (retd.) and Hon. Col. 1st 
Aberdeensh. Vol. R.E. : b. 1843 (elder bro. of 
preceding). Res., Madeley Wood Hall, Iron 
Bridge R.S.O., Salop. 

ANSTRUTHER {pron. Anster), Baronet. Sir 
Ralph "William Anstruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskie 
(Scot. 1694), a D.L. for Caithness and Eifesh., 
Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Vol. Batt, 
Black Watch, formerly Capt. R.E., has served 
in Egypt and BechuanalancL : son of 5th Bt., b. 
1858, sue. 1886, mar. same year Mildred Harriet, 
dau. of the late Edwd Hussey, Esq. Heir, his 
son Robert Edward (b. 1890; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
bro. Henry Torrens, b. i860). Seats, Balcaskie, 
Pittenweem R.S.O., Fifesh. ; Watten R.S.O., 

ANSTRUTHER, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady A. (Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. Wm. K. 
Marshall, D.D.), mar. 1857 Sir Robt. Anstruther, 
5th Bt. (d. 1886). Res., Hook Heath, Woking, 
Surrey ; 23 De Vere Gdns., Kens., W. 

ANSTRUTHER, Col. Charles Frederick St. 
Clair, M.V.O. (4th Class 1905), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
comdg. 2nd Lite Gds. ; S. Africa igoo : b. 1855 
{ne Anstruther - Thomson). Res., Rutland 
House, Rutld. Gdns., S.W. 

ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 
4th Bn. Sudeley. 

Sir Windham Frederick Carmichael-Anstruther, 
11th Bt. of Anstruther {Scot. 1700) and 7th of 
Carcnichael {Gt. Br. 1798), Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Scotld. : son of 10th Bt., 
b. 1902, sue. 1903. Heir, his 1st cousin once 
removed, Gerald Yorke C.-A. (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir latter' s son. Eiic, b. 18—). Seat, Car- 
michael House, Thankerton R.S.O., Lanarks. 

Widows, (i) Dowager Lady C.-A. (Mary Anne, 
dau. of Jno. Parsons, Esq.), mar. 1859, as 3rd 
wife, Sir Windham Carmichael-Anstruther, 8th 
Bt. (d. 1869).— (2) Lady C.-A. (Sylvia, dau. of 
Sir Fredk. M. Darley, G.C.M.G.), mar. 1901 
Sir Windham Robt. Carmichael-Anstruther, 10th 
Bt. (d. 1903), mar. 1905 Hon. A. Hanbury-Tracy, 
C.M.G., q.v. Res., with the infant present Bt. 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. Fitz- 
Roy, dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe. 

ANTICHAMP (or -c 11 an)— see " Autiehamp." 

ANTIGUA, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Farrar, D.D., 6th Bp., late Acting Princ. of 

Theolog. Coll. Kingston, Jamaica, and Rect. of 
Hawkchurch, Dorset. Res., Clare Hall, Antigua. 

ANTILL, Col. John Macquarie, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Rifles; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, now on Staff of Austral. Commonwealth 
Forces and Ch. Instr. of Mtd. Troops in N.S.W. : 
b. 1866. Res., Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl of. William Randal 
31'Donnell, 11th Earl {Irel., 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly Lieut. Tyrone 
Fusiliers : son of 10th (5th) E. ; b. Jan. 8, 1851 ; 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 Louisa Jane, V.A., dau. of 
the late Gen. Hon. Chas. Grey and a Lady of 
the Bedchamber to H. M. the Queen. Seat, 
Glenarm Castle, Larne, Co. Antrim. 

Creation. E. of Antrim and Vise. Dunluce, Irel., new 
patent 1785 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John, Lord of the Isles, 
who married a daughter of King Itobert II. His de- 
scendants, however, were more than once in rebellion, 
and after the execution of one of them, with four of his 
six sons, in 1494, the two surviving sons fled to Ireland, 
but returned later on, and in 1529 " ravaged the lands of 
the Campbells with fire and sword" 1' Burke'). The 
next representative of the family was at war with both 
the Irish and English, but became possessed of lands in 
Ireland and eventually settled down as a faithful sub- 
ject of Queen Elizabeth. He was made a free citizen 
of Ireland, and married the daughter of the Earl of 
Tyrone. His son Sir Randal MacSorley MacDonnell 
obtained the Peerage. The 6th Earl, having no male 
issue, procured the right of succession for his daughters 
and their male issue, so that there was never any 
interruption in the line : the present Earl is therefore 
actually the nth, though holding his title from a 
patent under which he is only the 6th. The 2nd Earl of 
the original creation was promoted to be Marq. of 
Antrim, but that title expired upon the death of the 
6th, not being included in the exrended remainder to 
daughters. The 2nd of these married Lord Mark Robert 
Kerr, but her son, on succeeding as 9th Earl, resumed 
the former name of M'Donnell. 

Titled Relatives. 
{M 'Donnell.) 
Issue of present {llth) E. : 

Lady Sibyl Mary, now Lady S. Smith, b. 1876, mar. 
1897 Vivian Hugh S., Esq. Res., 36 Hertford St., 
Mayfair, W. 

Vise. Dunluce, heir to Earldom : Randal Mark Kerr 
M'D., b. 1878, mar. 1904 Margaret Isabel, dau. of 
Rt. Hon. J. C Talbot, M.P. 
Hon. Angus M'J)., 2nd heir, b. 1881. 
Surviving issue of loth E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1351.) 

Hon. Mark Henry Horace M'D., formerly Lieut. 

Roy. Irish Regt., b. 1852, mar. 1892 Emily Fanny 

Dorothy, dau. of Sir G-eo. R. Osborn, 6th Bt. 

(Hon. Mrs. Horace M'D.). Res., Bedford. 
Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady V. Bertie, b. 1853, 

mar. 1881 Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edwd. B., son of 

6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. 
Hon. Alexander M 'D., a clerk in House of Lords, b. 

1857. Res., 103 Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 
! Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. 1858, 

mar. 1878 Henry Chas. //., Esq., gt. nephew of 12th 

IX of Norfolk. Res., Greystoke Castle, Penrith, 


i Lady Evelyn M'D., b. i860. Ties., with Hon. Alex. 
Hon. Sir Schomberg Kerr M 'D., K.C.B., b. 1861, see 

"M'Donnell, Kt. 1." 
Lady Jane Grey, now The Ijady Clinton, b. 1863, mar. 

i386 Hon. Chas. Jno. Robt. II.-S.-F.-Tre/usis, now 

21st Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. (" IXina,'') Balfour, b. 1865 

mar. 1888 Chas. Barrington B., Esq., M.P. Res., 

Newton Don, Kelso, Roxburgh ; Balfour House, 

Balgonie, Markinch, Fifesh. ; 14 Grosvenor Cresc, 


1 Dau. ofgth E. (1st cousin of present) : 
I Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see "Mac Gregor, Bt.'s 

Dau.-in-law of Ctss. Sth in line (being aunt of 
I present E.) — surname Kerr: 

(The late 9th Earl, b, 1812, d. 1853.) 
I (The laU 10th Earl, b. 1814, d. 1869. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



Hon. Mrs. Arthur Kerr (Agnes Steuart, dau. of J. 
H. Frankland, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg K. (d. 1856). Res., 5 Beaufort 
Gdns., Brompton Rd„ S. W. 

ANTROBUS, Baronet. Col. Sir Edmund 
Antrobus, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1815), formerly comdg. 
3rd Batt. Gren. Gas., served in Suakin Expedn. 
1885, ret. 1903: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1899, 
mar. 1886 Florence, dau. of the late Capt. Jules 
A. Sartoris. Heir, his son Edmund (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Cosmo Gordon, b. 1859). Scat, 
Arnesbury Abbey, Salisbury. 

ANTROBUS, Reginald Laurence, C.B. (Civ. 
1898), B.A., an Assist. Under Sec. in Colon. 
Office, admind. Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has 
been Priv. Sec. to four For. Sees. : b. 1853. Ees., 
19 Cranley Gdns., 8. Kens. S.W. 

AOSTA, Duke d' (Duca, Italy 1238 : d' = di). 
H.R.H. Prince Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio 
Eugenio Geneva Giuseppe Maria, K.G. (1902), 
1st cousin of the King of Italy : b. 1869 (at 
Geneva), mar. (at Kingston) 1895 H.R.H. Prss. 
I HClene d.' Orleans. Ees., Castello di Mandria, 
' Turin. 

seppe Apap, 1st Marq. (Papacy 1889), Hered. Kt. 
of Holy Rom. Emp., a Patrician of Rome and of 
Messina : grandson of 2nd M. of Gnien-is- 
Sultan (of Maltese Nobility), b. 1841, mar. 1874 
Rosina, dau. of Prince Nicodemo Sabatini and of 
Francesca Palermo, a Princess in her own right. 
No heir. Ees., Marsa Scirocco and Zeitun, both 
Malta ; Strada Santa Caterina and 144 Strada 
Cristoforo, both Valetta. 

APLIN, Maj. John George Orlebar, 
C.M.G. (1809), Insp.-Gen. of Lagos Constab., and 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. D. of Cornwall's 
L.I. (Mil.). Ees., Lagos, W. Africa. 

APLIN, Lt.-Col. Philip John Hantham, D.S.O. 
(1904), I.A., Afghn. 1879-1880, Burma 1885-9, 
Somalild. 1903-4 : b. 1859. 

APPELBE, Col. Edward Benjamin, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), 1st Class Offr. in Army Ordnance Dept.; 
Zululd., Soudan 1884-5 and 1888-9, an( i S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1855. Club, Imper. Serv. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), Priv. Sec. to Marq. of Londonderry, 
formerly Capt. and Hon. Maj . Montgom. Imper. 
Yeom. : b. 1846. Res., South End, Durham. 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
is class clerk in Scotch Educn. Dept.: b. 1857. 

APPLEYARD, Maj .-Gen. Frederick Ernest, 
C.B. (Mil. 1875), Burma 1852, Crimea, and Afghn. 
878-9, ret. 1884 as Hon. Maj -Gen. : b. 1829. 
Res., Tarakai, Surbiton, Surrey. 

APPLIN, Capt. Reginald Vincent Kempen- 
feldt, D.S.O. (1902), 14th Hussars; opera- 
tions in India 1894 & c - an( l S. Africa 1900-2, 
now a D.A.A.G. for Musketry : b. 1869. 

APSLEY, Lord (by courtesy— title Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), eld. son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 

ARBUCKLE, Knight. Hon. Sir William 
Arbuckle, Kt. Bach. (1902), Agent-Gen. for Natal 
n London and Chmn. of several Commssns. and 
Umttees., late Pres. Leg. Counc, Colon. Treas., 
fee. (title " Hon." to be retained) : b. 1839, mar. 
1865 Henrietta, dau. of Hy. Shire, Esq. Ees., 
'.6 Victoria St. , S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Sir Robert Keith 
irbuthnot, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1823), M.V.O. (4th Class, 
904), Flag-Capt. to Com.-in-Ch. at Portsmouth : 
:on of 3rd Bt., b. 1864, sue. 1889, mar. 1897 Lina, 
iau. of Col. Alex. C. Macleay, C.B. Heir pres., his 
)ro. Maj. Dalrymple A., R.A. (b. 1867 ; 2nd heir, 

next surv. bro., William Fitzgerald, b. 1875). 
Ees., 105 Cadogan GdDs., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight (1). Sir Alexander 
John A?buth7iot,~K.CS.l. (1873), CLE. (1878), late 
Memb. Counc. of India, formerly of that of the 
Viceroy, and Vice-Chanc. Madras and Calcutta 
Univs., temp. Gov. of Madras 1872 : son of late 
Bp. of Killaloe, b. 1822, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, 
Constance Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 
3rd Bt. Ees., Newtown House, Newbury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight (2). Sir George Gough 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), partner in a merchant 
and banking firm at Madras and an M.L.C : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Isabella, 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Richd. C. Boyle (son of 
8th E. of Cork). Ees., 4 Grosvenor Cresc, Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Caroline Charlotte, dau. of Wm. Clarke, Esq., 
M.D., of Barbados), mar. 1868 Gen. Sir Chas. G. 
Arbuthnot, G.C.B. (d. 1899). Ees., 49 Charleville 
Rd., W. Kens., W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Capt. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
f5th Class, 1902), Scots Gds. ; S. Africa 1900-1, 
late A.D.C. to Gov. of Hong Kong : b. 1875. 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty when a son. 

ARBUTHNOTT (pron. Ar'buthnot), Viscount. 
David Arbuthnott, 11th Vise. (Scot.) : son of 
9th V. and bro. of 10th; b. Jan. 29, 1845; sue. 
1895; unmrrd. Seat, Arbuthnott House, Fordoun, 

Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. 
1641.— The 1st Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 
Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue ofgth V. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 

1838, mar. 1864 the late Alex. S., Esq. (d. 1901). 

Res., Campfield, Glassel R.S.O., Aberdnsh. 
(The late 10th Viscount, b. 1843, d. childless 1895.) 
(Pkesent V'scount, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Huon A., heir pres. to Viscounty, formerly 

Lieut. 81st Toot : b. 1847. Res., with the Peer. 
Hon. William A., 2nd heir, b. 1349. \Res., as pre- 
Hon. Margaret A., b. 1854. J ceding. 

Dau. of 8th V. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 9th Viscount, b. 1806, d. 1891.) 
Hon. Anne Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Crieape, 

b. 1813, mar. 1847 the late Alex. C, Esq. (d. 1892). 

Res., Lathockar, also Strath ty rum (with her son 

-see under " Airlie, 7th E."), both nr. St. 

Andrews, Fifesh. 

— Daus. -in-law: 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh A. (Susannah Morrison, dau. of 
the late Jno. Campbell, Esq.), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. iS65). Res., Downside, 
Otley Rd., Harrogate. 
Hon. Mrs. David A. (Eliza, dau. of Thos. F. 
Reynolds, Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Hon. David A., 
C.S.I, (d. 1901). Res., Fairlawn, Paignton, Devon. 
ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), a Dep. Commissr. in Assam: b. 1858 
(grandson of 8th Vise). ^ _ 

ARCHDALE, Col. Hugh James, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Lines. Regt. ; Soudan 1885, Burma 
1886-7, and S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1854. 

ARCHDALE, Capt. Theodore Montgomery, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1839-1901: b. 

l8 ARCHDALL, Bishop— see " Killaloe." 
ARCHER, Thomas, C.M.G. (1884), formerly 


ii4 ARC Directory of Peerage, 

Agent-Gen. for Queensland : b. 1823. Ees., 
Sydenham, S.E. 

ARCHER, William John, C.M.Gr. (1902), late 
Consul at Bangkok, and Judge of H.M.'s Court 
for Siarn : f ormerly Acting Cons, at Rio Grande 
do Sul, now a Judge of Mixed Gt. of First 
Instance, Egypt: b. 1861. Ees., Alexandria. 

ARCHIBALD, Knights' Vv t idows. (1) Lady 
A. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. Burnyeat), 
mar. 1843 Sir Adams G. Archibald, K.C.M.G., 
Ch. Sec. &c. for Nova Scotia (d. 1892). Ees., The 
j Cottage, Truro, Nova Scotia. — (2) Lad y A . (Sarah, 
I dau. of the late Richd. Smith, Esq., of Dudley), 
! mar. 1841 Hon. Sir Thos. D. Archibald, Judge 
! of Queen's Bench (d. 1876). Res., The Hawthorns, 
2 Carlton Rd., Putney, S."W. 
ARDAGH, Bishop of— see " Kilmore." 
ARDAGH, Knight. Maj.-Gen. Sir John 
Charles Ardagh, K.C.M.G. (1902), K.C.I.E. 
(1894), C.B. (Civ. 1878, Mil. 1884), R.E., A.I.C.E., 
F.R.C.S.,F.R.G.S., served in Egypt, Soudan, &c, 
ret. 1902, was A.A.G. in Nile Expedn. and aftds. 
at Headqrs., an Extra A.D.C. to Com.-in-Ch. 
1887-96, Col. on Staff in S. Africa 1902, has served 
also on various Cmttees., Confs., and Missions, 
and been Priv. Sec. to two Viceroys of India, is a 
memb. of-Ct. of Internat. Arbitr. and Brit. Dir. of 
Suez Canal : b. 1840, mar. 1896 Susan, Otss. of 
Malmesbury, q_.v. Ees., 113 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

ARDAGH, Capt. George Hutchtngs, D.S.O. 
(1902), late 9th Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 
1901 ; b. 1861. Ees., Shorthands, Staines. 

ABDEE, Lord {by courtesy— title Ld. Brabazon, 
Bn. A., Irel. 1616), eld. son and heir of E. of 

ABDEN, Baron {Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
"Egmont, E. of." 

name in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise Baillie-Hamilton. 

ARDFERT, Bishop of — see " Limerick." 

ARDILAUN, Baron. Arthur Edward 
Guinness, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., M.A., 
LL.D., a D.L. for Cos. Galway and Kerry and 
Co. and City of Dublin, an M.P. 1868-9 and 
1874-80: son of Sir Benj. L. Guinness, 1st Bt., 
M.P. ; b. Nov. 1, 1840; sue. as 2nd Bt. 1868, 
cr. Bn. 1880 {€'.) ; mar. 1871 Lady Olivia Charlotte 
White, dau. of 3rd E. of Bantry. Heir, to Peerage 
none; to Baronetcy his nephew Algernon 
Arthur St. Lawrence Lee G. (b. 1883 ; 2nd 
heir, latter 's bro. Kenelm Edward Lee, b. 1887). 
Seats, Ashford, Co. Galway, Cong R.S.O. ; St. 
Anne's, Clontarf , Dublin ; Muckross, Killarney ; 
The Castle, Macroom, Cork ; toivn res., 11 Carlton 
House Terr., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1867 ; Bn. Ardilaun, 1880.— 
No issue. Bn. Iveagh is his younger brother. The 1st 
Bt. had restored the half-ruined Cathedral of St. Patrick 
at his own cost, and was for this liberality permitted to 
bear supporters in his coat of arms. 

ARDROSSAN, Baron {U.K. i8o5)— see 
"Eglinton and Winton, E. of." 

ARDWALL, Lord {of Scssio?i). Andre v 
Jameson, M.A., formerly Sheriff of Cos. Rox- 
burgh, Berwick, and Selkirk, of Ross, Cromarty, 
.and Sutherld., and of Perth ; appd. Q.C. 1897, a 
J_,ord of Session with title Hon. Lord Ardwall 
1905: b. 1845, mar. 1875 Christian Robison {Hon. 
Lady Ardwall), dau. of Jno. Gordon Brown, Esq. 
Res., Ardwall, Kirkeudbt. ; 14 Moray PL, Edin- 

ARGYLL, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. James Robert 
Alexander Chinnery-IIaldane, D.D., LL.M., 
Bp. of Argyll and the Isles, prev. Dean of 


same, and formerly Incumbt. of St. Bride's, 
Lochaber : b. 1842, cons. 1883, mar. and assumed 
name of Chinnery 1864. Ees., Alltsheilaeh, Onich 
R.S.O. , Inverness-sh. 

ARGYLL, Duke of. John Douglas Suther- 
land Campbell, qth Duke {Scot., 2nd of U.K.), 
K.T. (1871), P.O. "((?*. Br. 1875), G.C.M.G. (1878), 
G.C.V.O. (1901), V.D., LL.D.; Heritable Master 
of H.M.'s Househd. in Scotland, Keeper of Dun- 
staffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick Castles, and 
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, Lord 
Lieut, and Hered. High Sheriff of Argyllshire, 
Admiral of the Western Isles, a D.L. for Dum- 
bartonsh. , and Gov. of Windsor Castle, Chane. of 
Order of St. Mich, and St. George, formerly 
Gov. -Gen. of Canada, is Hon. Col. 1st Argyll and , 
Bute Vol. Artill., of 7th Middx. Rifle Vols. (Lond. j 
Scott.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Highld. L. I., of 6th Batt. j 
Lanes. Fus. (Mil.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. and ! 
Suthd. Highldrs., and of Argyll L. I. (15th Canad. I 
L.I.) ; an M.P. 1868-78 and 1895-1900; head of the 
house and clan of Campbell: son of 8th D. ; b. 
Aug. 6, 1845; sue. igoo {L.U.) ; mar. 1871 H.R.H. 
the Princess Louise (see Roy. Fam.). Seat, Rose- 
neath House, Dumbartonsh. ; town res., Ken- 
sington Palace, W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 144.5 ; E. of Argyll, 1457 ; 
Ld. Lome, 1470 ; D. of Argyll, M. of Lome (Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E.of Campbell and Cowuli.V.of Lochow and Glenyla, 
and Ld. of Inveraray, Mull, Movvern, and Tirie, 1701. Gl. 
Br. : Bn. Sundridgo, 1766, and Bn. Hamilton of Hamel- 
don, 1776. U.K.: D. of Argyll, 1892.— Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, who was knighted in 1280 by 
Alexander III., was called by the Gaelic title Mac 
Galium M6r— i.e., Mac Callum the Great (his father 
was called Cailin Mor, and the two similar forms have 
been confused and led to several variations). This chief 
was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
Colin's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
Bruces, and came to be created successively Lords 
Campbell and Earls of Argyll. The 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The 8th received the 
title of Marq. of Argyll, but it died with him, he being 
executed, with the instrument termed " the Maiden," for 
having supported Cromwell. The 9th was sentenced to 
the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
the train of his step-daughter, but was taken in an attempt 
to invade Scotland, find the previous sentence was then 
carried into effect. The xoch Earl was created a Duke in 
the Peerage of Scotland; and the late 8th Duke nearly 
two centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom, The 
British title of Bn. Sundridge was awarded to the 5th 
Duke, and his wife was shortly afterwards made Bnss. 
Hamilton of Hameldon in Leicestershire. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1845.) 

Lord Archibald C, heir pres. to Dukedom, a D.L. 
for Argyllsh., a senior partner in the bank of 
Courts and Co., formerly Capt. 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. 
and Suthd. Highldrs. : b. 1S46, mar. 1S69 Janey 
Sevilla, dau. of the late Jas. H. Callander, Esq. 
(Lady Archibald C). Res., Coombe Hill Farm, 
Kingston-on-Thames ; 14 Hill St., Knightsbridge, 
S.W. (2nd heir, his son Niali Diarmaid, b. 1S72.) 

Lady Edith, now Bchss. of Northumberland, b. 1849, 
mar. 1S68 Earl Percy, now 7th Duke of N., q.v. 

Lord George Granville C, Lieut. K.N. retired, b. 1850, 
mar. 1879 Sibyl Lascelles, dau. of the late Jas. B. 
Alexander, Esq. (Lady George C). Rcs.,z Bryan- 
ston Sq., W. 

Lady Victoria ft, b. 1854. Res., The Lodge, Tiree, 

Oban, Argyllsh. 
Lady Evelyn, now Lady E. Baillie-Hamilton, b. 1855, 

mar. i836 James B.-H., Esq. 
Lady Frances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. 1858, mar. 

1879 Col. Eustace J. Anth. B., A.D.C. Res., 32 

Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Lady Mary Emma, now Lady M. Glyn, b. 1859, mar. 

i382 Bt. ltev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr (?., Bp. of 

Peterborough, q.v. 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. AR2J 115 

Lady Constance Harriet, now Ladv Const. Emmot.t, 
b. 1864, mar. 1891 Chas. E,, Esq. Res., Snow Hall, 
Gainford, Dariington. 
— Dau. -in-law: 

Lady Colin C. (Gertrude Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Edmd. M. Blood, Esq.), mar. 1881 the late Lord 
Colin C. (b. 1853), but obtd. judic. sep. 1884 (he died 
i39S). Res., 67 Carlisle Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 
ARGYLL, Duke's Widow. Dowager Duchess 
of A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine. dau. of the 
late Archibald M'Neill, Esq., W.S., of Colon- 
say), formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman 
and Sec. to Queen Victoria : mar. 1895, as 3rd 
wife, 8th D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.S., an 
eminent statesman, orator, and scientist (d. 1900). 
lies., Macharioch, Campbeltown, Argyllsh. 

ARISUGAWA, H.I.H. Prince Takihito, of 
Japan, G.C.B. (Civ. and Hon. Mil. 1905), b. 1862. 

ARKLOW, Baron — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of " ( U.K. 1881 , Roy. Fam.) and " Ormonde, 
M. of" {tlrel. 1302— a traditional title) . 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Ken yon. 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mary Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON and EUSTON, Earl of (1672) -see 
I Grafton, D. of." 

ARMAGH, Archbishop of. His Grace the 
Most Rev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., uoth Abp. of Armagh and Primate of 
All Ireland, formerly Dean of Emly: b. April 13, 
182.4, widower, cons. Bp. of Derry and Raphoe 
1867, transl. to Armagh 1896. Is the only sur- 
viving Irish Prelate who was consecrated prior to 
Disestablishment. Ees., The Palace, Armagh. 

V The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Clogher, Deny, Down, Kilmore, Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Earl of {Trel. 1799)— see " Cumber- 
land, H.R.H. Duke of" (Roy. Family). 
II ARMITAGE, Cant. Cecil Hamilton, D.S.O. 
I 1901), 3rd Batt. S. Wales Borderers (Mil.); 
lAshanti igoo, serving as Travelling Commissr. 
Juld Coast : b. 1869. He,:., 16 Maddox St., W. 
I ARMITAGE, Rev. Robert, D.S.O. (1902), 
1M.A., Chapl. to Forces in S. Africa 1839-1^02, 
Ibrev. in Barbados : b. 1857. 

ji ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry 
Armstrong FitzPatrick Watson- Armstrong, 1st 
|m. of new creation {U.K.), M.A., D.C.L.. a D.L. 
md C.C. for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 1899), 
jplaj. N'thumb. Imper. Yeom., Dir. of Elswick 
[Arsenal and of N.E. Rail., a Commissr. of River 
Ipyne : son of Jno. Wm. Watson, Esq., of Adder- 
I tone Hall, N'thumb., and gt. nephew of the late 

hi. A. of former line ; b. May 3, 1863 ; cr. Baron 
|9°3 (C-) ; assumed name of Armstrong by licence 
1 889; mar. same year Winifreda Jane, dau. of 
Ihe late Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B. Seats, 
I Samburgh Castle R.S.O., and Cragside, Rotbbury, 
■Both N'thumb. ; Jesmond Dene, Newcastle-on- 

yne; town res., 93 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 

eerage of same title lasted 1887-1900). 

( Watson- Armstrong.) 
H Hon. William John Montagu W.-A., heir to Buy., 

b. 1892. (No 2nd heir.) 
\ Hon. Winifreda Margaret W.-A., b. 1894. 

i ARMSTRONG, Baronet of Ashburn Place. 
I ipt. Sir George Carl yon Hughes Armstrong, ist 
1 1. {U.K. 1892), proprietor of the Globe newspaper 
l| id founder of the People, formerly a Capt. in 
3ngal Army, served during Mutiny : son of the 

: late Col. Geo. C. Armstrong, b. 1836, mar. 1865 Alice 
FitzRoy, dau. of the late Rev. Chas. J. Furlong. 
Heir, his son George Elliot (b. i856, Lieut. R.N. 
and editor of the Globe; 2nd heir, latter's son 
George Carlyon, b. 1896). Res., Fairmile House, 
Cobhani, Surrey ; 39 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ARMSTRONG, BARONETo/ffa^ew. Sir Andrew Armstrong, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1841), served 
in S. Africa 1900-1, formerly Capt. 3rd. Batt. 
Leinst. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1866, sue. 
1899. Heir pres., his bro. Nesbitt William (b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, their 1st cousin Edmund Clarence 
Richard, b. 1879"). Pes., Gallon Priory. Ferbane 
R.S.O., King's Co. 

ARMSTRONG, Bishop — see " Wangarratta." 

ARMSTRONG, Knight. Sir Walter Arm- 
strong,!^. Bach. (1899), B.A., R.H.Acad., Dir. of 
Nat. Gall, of Ireland and is author of works 
on art: b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily Rose, dau. 
of Chas. C. Ferard, Esq. Res., Ceanchor House, 
Howth, Co. Dublin. 

ARMSTRONG, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Charlotte, dau. of the late S. Campbell Simpson, 
Esq., and widow of T. K. Tillotson, Esq., and of 
Adm. Sir W. King-Hall, K.C.B.), mar. 1894, 3rd 
husb., Sir Alex. Armstrong', K.C.B., F.R.S., who 
served in search for Sir J. Franklin and the dis- 
covery of the N.W. Passage (d. 1839). Res., The 
Elms, Sutton Bonnington, Loughborough, Leic. 

ARMSTRONG, Maj. Gerald Denne, D.S.O. 
(igoo-i), Roy. Warwicks. Regfc. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1900 : b. 1855. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt.-Col. Oliver Carleton, 
D.S.O. (1902), LA., Burma 1888, and S. Africa 
1899-1902, now A.A.G. at Ind. Headqrs. : b. 1859. 

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 1898), late 
Dir. of Art Div. S. Kens. Mus. : b. 1832. Res., 
The Abbot's House, King's LanglevR.S.O., Herts. 

ARMSTRONG (WATSON-), family name of 
Armstrong Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armytage, 6th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1738), F.S.A., a D.L. 
for W. Rid., Chmn. Lane, and Yorks. Rail. Co. : 
son of 5th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 1899, mar. 1893, 2nd 
wife, Mary Georgiana, dau. of the late Henry A. 
Littledale, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. George 
Ayscough A. (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir, latter's son John 
Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, Kirklees Pk., Brighouse, 
Yorks. ; town res., 27 Cambridge Sq., W. 

ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
a Gentn. Usher to H.M. : b. 1853. Pes., 26 
Buckingham Pal. Mansns., S.W. 

ARMYTAGE, Hon. Mrs. William — see 
"Hotham, Kt.'s Widow." 

ARNOLD, Knight. Sir Alfred Arnold, Kt. 
Bach. (1903), an M.P. 1895-1900, barrister-at-law 
and a manufacturer : b. 1835, mar - 1 9 01 ; 2nd wife, 
Mary, widow of Jos. Collins, Esq., of Halifax. 
Res., Woodroyde, Halifax; 28 Victoria St., S.W. 

ARNOLD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Amelia Elizabeth, dau. of the late Capt. H. B. 
Hyde), mar. 1867 Sir Arthur Arnold, formerly an 
M.P. and Chmn. L.C.C., first Editor of the Echo \ 
(d. 1902). Res., Hyde Hill, Dartmouth, Devon; j 
45 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W.— (2) Lady A. 
(Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese lady, mar. 1897, 
as 3rd wife, Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., a 
distinguished orientalist and poet, author of 1 The 
Light of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904). Res., 31 Bolton 
Gdns., Earl's Ct., S.W. 

ARNOLD, Col. Alfred James, D.S.O. (1897), 
Niger-Soudan Campaign 1897, S. Africa 1900, 
now serving with the Portug. Mozambique Co. : 
b. 1866. Res., Beira, Mozambique; Heathcourt, 

K 2 

n6 ARN 


of Peerage, 


ARNOLD, Lady Charlotte Georgiana, dau. 
of 3rd M. of Cholmondeley. 

ARNOLD, Col. Stanley, C.B. (Civ. 1904), late 
comdg. Lancashire R.G.A. (Mil.) : b. 1844. ^ es -> 
Barton House, Moreton-in-the Marsh, Glouc. 

ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 
Arnott, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1896), late Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. 4th Batt. Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 
1st Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1898, mar. 1881 Caroline 
Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. Williams, 2nd Bt. 
of Tregullow. Heir, his son John (b. 1885; 2nd 
heir, next son, Lauriston John, b. 1891). Bes., 
68 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

Widow. Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the 
late Rev. Edwd. L. Fitzgerald), mar. 1872. as 
2nd wife, Sir Jno. Arnott, 1st Bt. (d. 1898, 
assumed 1902 the additl. name Fitzgerald). lies., 
Woodlands, Cork; Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. 

ARNOTTLD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Anne Pitcairn, dau. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 
Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Jos. 
Arnould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 
Bes., Paris. 

ARRAN (pron. Arn), Earl of. Arthur 
Jocelyn Charles Gore, 6th Earl (Irel.) and a Bt., 
sits as Bn. Sudley (U.K.) ; Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Civil Service Vol. Rifles, late Maj. Roy. Horse 
Gds., served in Egyptn. Cav. 1896-7 and in S. 
Africa 1900 : son of 5th E. ; b. Sept. 14, 1868 ; 
sue. 1901 (L.U.) ; mar. 1902 Mathilde Jacqueline 
Marie Beauclerk, dau. of Bn. Huyssen van 
Kattendyke, of the Hague. Seat, Castle Gore, 
Ballina, Co. Mayo.— See below for the Scottish 
Earldom of Arran and Cambridge. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn. 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U. K. : Bu. Sudley, 1884. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to the Peerage, obtaining both 
Irish creations. The late 5th Earl was given the U.K. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (6th) E. : 

Viscount Sudlev, heir to Earldom: Arthur Paul 
John Charles James G., b. 1503. (2nd heir— to Irish 
titles, not U.K. Bny.— ^ir Francis Charles G., son 
cf the late Hon. Charles, G., b. 1846. 

Issue of 5th E. (sists. and half-sist. of present) : 


Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Gtss. of Airlie 
(q.v., Widow), b. 1866, mar. 18S6 8th Earl of A. (d. 


Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, h. 1867, 
mar. 1887 Vise. Cranborne, now 4th Maiq. of 8., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1868. ) 

Lady Esther Caroline Georgiana, now Lady E. Smith, 
b. 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. Wm. F. Ltanvers S., M.P., 
heir to Hambleden Viscounty, q.v. 


Lady Winifred Helena Lettice G., b. 1851. 
Surviving issue of \th E. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1839, d. 1901.) 
Lady Caroline Anneshy, now The Lady Ruthven, b. 

1848, mar. 1869 8th Bn. R., q.v. 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta G., b. 1855. 
Lady Mary Napier, now Lady M. Kwart, b. 1858, mar. 

1889 Herbt. Brisbane i?.,Esq. Res., 8 West Eaton 

PI., S.W. 

ARBAN, Earl's Widow. Dowager Countess 
of A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
Beilly, Esq., and widow of Hon. Jno. M. Stopford, 
son of 4th E. of Courtown), formerly a Lady in 
Waiting to H.R.H. Prss. Christian: mar. 1889, 
as 2nd wife, 5th E. of Arran (d. 1901). Bes., 
Queen Anne's Mead, Windsor. 

ARRAN and CAMBRIDGE, Earl of (Scot. 
. 1643) — see " Hamilton, D. of." 

ARROL, Knight. Sir William Arrol, Kt. 
Bach. (1890), LL.D., F.R.S.E., M.P. for S. Ayr- 
shire (L.U.), a D.L. for Co. of City of Glasgow, 
head of the Dalmarnock Ironworks Co., contrac- 
tors for the Tay and Forth Bridges (served ap- 
prenticeship as a blacksmith) : b. 1839, mar. 1905, 
2nd wife, Miss Hodgart. Bes., Dennistoun, Glas- 
gow ; Seafield, Ayr. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Carlung. Sir Matthew 
Arthur, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), a D.L. for Ayrsh. 
and for Co. of City of Glasgow, a Dir. of Glasg. 
and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.U. As soc., 
a memb. of Roy. Co. of Archers : son of the 
late Jas. Arthur, Esq., b. 1852, mar. 1879 Janet 
Stevenson Bennett, dau. of the late Alex. B. 
M'Grigor, Esq., LL.D. Heir, his son James Cecil, 
(b. 1883 ; no 2nd heir). Seat, Carlung, West Kil- 
bride R.S.O., Ayrsh. ; res, Fullarton, Troon, same 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Westminster. Sir 
George Comfton Archibald Arthur, 3id Bt. 
[U.K. 1841), Hon. Capt. in the Army, formerly 
Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., served in Egyptian and 
Nile Campaigns and in S. Africa 1900 : son of 
2nd Bt., b. i860, sue. 1878, mar. 1898, as 2nd husb., 
Kate Harriet, dau. of the late Horatio Brandon, 
Esq. , and widow of Arthur R. Yates, Esq. Heir 
pres., his 1st cous. once rem. Edward Malcolm 
A. (b. 1874; 2nd heir, latter' s bro. George 
Frederick Neale A., b. 1878). Res., 38 Brompton 
Sq., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur, Kt. 
Bach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sheriff of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Address, c/o Messrs. Ewing and Co., Cal- 

ARTHUR, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
Monteagle of Brandon. 

ARUNDEL, Knight. Sir Arundel Tagg 
Arundel. K. C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865, lateM.L.C. andCh. Sec. to Govt, of Madras, 
has been a Dist. and Sessions Judge, Collector, 
&c, now a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1843, 
mar. 1875 Catherine Helen, dau. of the late J. D. 
Sim, Esq., C.S.I. Bes., Simla and Calcutta. 

ARUNDEL and SURREY, Earl of (Arundel 
Eng. 1155 and 1433, Surrey 1483), a double title 
of the Norfolk Dukedom, borne by the heir when 
a son. 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell of 
Wardour Barony (but for Hon. Geo. V. A. 
Monckton- Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V."). 

ARUNDELL, Count— see "Arundell of War- 

ARUNDELL (MONCKTON-), family name 
(in part) of the Galway Viscounty, more usually 
"Monckton "—see "Arundell" above. 

John Francis Arundell (pron. Arr'undel), 12th 
Bn. (Eng.), a Count of the Holy Boman Emp. 
(i595)» a D.L. for Wilts. : son of 11th Bn. ; b. 
Dec. 28, 1831 ; sue. 1862 ( C.) ; mar. same year 
Anne Lucy, dau. of Jno. Errington, Esq. Seat, 
Wardour Castle, Tisbury, Wilts. 

Creation. Bn. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. 1605.— Sir 
Thos. Arundell obtained his German title for services in 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the 
standard of the Turks with his own hand ; on his return 
home he was created 1st Bn. Arundell. The 3rd Bn. 
suffered five years' imprisonment from the false accusa- 
tion of Titus Oates, but on his liberation he was 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 



Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of nth Bn. (bro. and half-sists. of 
present) : 


(Present Baron, b. 1831.) 

Rev. the Hon. Everard Aloysius Gonzaga A., heir 
pres. to Barony, B.A., priest of the Church of 
Rome: b. 1834. Res., Westbourne, Bournemouth 
West. (2nd heir, his 2nd cousin once rem., Edgar 
Clifford A., descended in 5th generation from 6th 
Bn., b, 1S59.) 


Hon. Cecily Mary A., a nun, b. 1845. 
Hon. Gertrude Mary A., b. 1848. 

ASH (BERESFORD-\ Lady Florence 
Marion, dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 

ASHBOURNE, Baron. Edward Gibson, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Irel. 1877, Gt. Br. 1885), 
M.A., LL.D., Lord Chancellor of Ireland (3rd 
time), formerly an M.P. and Attorney-Gen. for 
Irel., appd. Q.C. 1872: son of the late Wm, Gib- 
son, Esq., of Dublin and Gaulstown; b. Sept. 
4, 1837; cr. Bn. 1885 (C); mar. i858 Frances 
Maria Adelaide, dau. of the late Hy. C. Colles, 
Esq. lies., 12 Merrion Sq., Dublin; 5 Grosvenor 
Cresc, S/W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. 


Hon. William G., heir to Barony, M.A. : b. 1868, 
mar. 1896 Marianne, dau. of M. de Monbrison, of 
Paris (Hon. Mrs. Gibson). Res., Moorhurst, Holm- 
wood, Dorking. 

Hon. Henry DOlier Grant. G., 2nd heir, formerly 
Lieut. R.A. : b. 1870. Club, Roy. St. Geo. Yacht, 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-Powlett, 

b. 1S71, mar. 1893 Hon. "Wm. G. Algar O.-P., son 

and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 
Hon. Edward Graves Mayne G., M.A., barrister-at- 

law, late Lieut. 5th Batt. Leinst. Regt, (Mil.): b. 

1873, mar. 1900 Mary Philips, dau. of the late Hy. 

R. Greg, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Edward G.). Rts., 

Clonlea, Sandyf jrd, Dublin ; Cliff, Lee, Ilfracombe. 
Hon. (Ernest) Victor G., barrister-at-law, late Lieut. 

Imper. Yeom. , served in S. Africa iqoo and 1902 : b. 

1875, mar. 1905 Mary AVood Salisbury (Hon. Mrs. 

Victor Gibson) d. of Mr. Joseph L. R. Wood of 

New York. Club, Bachelors'. 
Hon. Violet Albina G., b. 1876. 

Hon. Prances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Port»r, b. 1880, mar. 1904 Alex. Horsbrugh P., Esq., 
sen of Rfc. Hon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. Res., 
Dalitey R.S.O., Co. Dublin. 
Hon. Constance Anna (?., b. i83i. 
ASHBROOK, Viscount. "William Spencer 
Flower, 7th Vise. (Irel.), B.A., a D.L. for 
Queen's Co. : son of 5th V. and bro. of 6th ; b. 
March 23, 1830; sue. 1882; mar. 1861 Augusta 
Madeline Henrietta, dau. of the late Geo. Marton, 
! Esq. Seat, Castle Durrow, Abbeyieix, Queen's 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Castle Durrow, 1733 ; Vise. 
Ashbrook, 1751.— The 1st Bn. was M.P. for Co. Kilkenny ; 
his successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Titled Relatives. 
[issue of present (jth) V.: 

Two deceased daus. (died previous to Peer's accession). 
^Surviving issue of 5th V. (bro. and sist. of present): 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1829, d. childless 1882.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1833.) 

Hon. Robert Thomas F., heir pres. to Viscounty, 
formerly Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. 
II Militia: b. 1836, mar. 1866 Gertrude Sophia, dau. 
of the late Rev. Sewell Hamilton;Hon. Mrs. Robert 
F.). Res., Knockatrina House, Durrow, Abbeyieix, 
Queen's Co. (2nd heir, his son, Llowarch Robert, 
b. 1870.) 

I Hon. Caroline Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. George 
I Marton, b. 1847, mar. 1866 Geo. B. Heneage M., Esq., 
I bro. of the Lady Ashbrook. Res., Capernwray Hall, 
Burton, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorid. 

ASHBURNER, Capt. Lionel Forbes, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. Fus. ; Boer War 1900 and 1902 : b. 

ASHBURNER, Lionel Robert, C.S.I. (1871), 
formerly a Memb. of Counc. Bombay, Acting 
Gov. 1880: b. 1827. Bes., 9A Gloucester PI., 
Portman Sq., W. 

ASHBURNHAM, family name of Earldom 
below . 

ASHBURNHAM, Baronet's "Widow. Lady 
A. (Isabella, dau. of the late Capt. Geo. B. Mar- 
tin, C.B., R.N.), mar. 1859 Sir Anchitel Ash- 
burnham, 8th Bt. (d. 1899). Res., Broomham 
Pk., Guestling, Hastings. — For 9th Bt., see 
"Clement, Ashburnham." 

ASHBURNHAM, Earl of. Bertram Ash- 
burnham, 5th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for Breck- 
nocksh.: son of 4th E. ; b. Oct. 28, 1840; sue. 
1878 (L.) ; mar. 1888 the late Emily (d. 1900), 
dau. of the late R. Chaplin, Esq. Seats, Ashburn- 
ham PL, Battle, Sussex ; Barking Hall, Needham 
Mkt. R.S.O., Suffk. ; Pembrey, Burry Port R.S.O., 

Creations. Bn. Ashburnham, Eng. 1689 ; E. of Ash- 
burnham and Vise. St. Asaph, Gt. Br. 1730.— King 
William III. created this Peerage. The 1st Bn.'s grand- 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell 
for aiding King Charles's escape from Hampton Court in 
1647 ; it would however be wrong to conclude that this 
had anything to do with the promotion, as William was 
not likely to show such regard for the Stuarts. The 3rd 
Bn., who had been Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales, obtained the higher titles. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (yh) E. : 

Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte A., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1840.) 

Hon. John A. , heir pres. toEarldom, formerly Acting 
Cons. -Gen. in Bulgaria : b. 1845. Club, St. James's. 

Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 
mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., Esq., son of late Bp. of 
Ripon. Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 

Hon. Thomas A., 2nd heir, late Capt. 7th Hussars, 
served in Egypt 1882, and has been Extra A.D.C. 
to two Viceroys of Ireland : b. 1855, mar. 1903 Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Anderson, Esq., of 
Fredericton, N. Brunswick (Hon. Mrs. Thomas A.). 

Lady Mary, now Lady M. Holland, b. 1859, mar. 1883 
Hon. Sydney Geo. II., son and heir of 1st Vise. 
Knutsford, q.v. . „ 

Hon. George A., formerly Lieut. Suffolk Yeomanry, 
b. 1853. Club, Wellington. 

ASHBURNHAM, Knight. Sir Cromeb Ash- 
burnham, K.C.B. (Mil. 1882), Maj .-Gen. retd. 
(1886), served in Mutiny, Afghanistan, S. Africa 
1881, Egypt, &c, has been Gov. of Suakin and 
A.A.G. and Q.M.G. of S.E. Dist. : b. 1831 (uncle 
of Sir Anchitel P. Ashburnham-Clement, 9th 
Bt.),mar. 1864 Urith Amelia, sist. of Lady A., 
Bt.'s widow (abo\e). Bes., Brooklands, Welling- 
ton, Salop. , 

ASHBURTON, Baron. Francis Denzil 
Edward Baring, 5th Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for 
Hants, and Capt. Hants. Imper. Yeom. : son of 
4th Bn. ; b. July 20, 1866; sue. 1889 (0.) ; mar. 
same year the late Hon. Mabel Edith Hood, dau. 
of 4th Vise. Hood (she died 1904). Seat, The 
Grange, Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K .1855— The 1st Bn. 
who was President of the Board of Trade and Master of 
the Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt., and 
was uncle of the 1st Bn. North brook and ot the present 
Earl of Cromer and 1st Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 
Barony, extinct in 1323, was held by the family of 



Directory of Peerage, 


Dunning, to whom that of Baring became united by 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5/A) Bn.: 

Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel B., b. 1890. 
lion. Aurea Vera B., b. 1891. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1803. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 1 
Barony, b. 1898. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 

Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bros. and gist, of j 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1866.) 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Hants. Imper. 
Yeoin., b. 1867, mar. 1890 Laura Louise, dau. of ■ 
Fredk. Hobson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). j 
Res., Candover House, Alresford, Hants. 

Hon. Alexander Henry B.,b. 1869. Be?., with Bn. 

Hon. Gay Victor B., Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Olive 
Alethea, dau. of Hugh Colin Smith, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Guy if.). 

Hon. Lilian Tlieresa Claire B., b. 1874. 

Hon. Caryl Digby 7?., Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., served 
in S. Af rica 1899-1902 : b. 1880. 

Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1835, d. 1889.) 
Hon. Marie Louisa Anne, now Bchss. of Grafton, b. 

1833, mar. 1858 the late 6th Luke of G., see "Grafton, 

Duke's Wid." 

ASHBTJRTON, B aron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., nee Hon. Leonora Caroline Digby, dau. 
of 9th Bn. Digby, b. 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 
Ashbiuton (d. 1889). Res., Melcliet Ct., Romsey. 
Hants. ; 16 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHBY, Knight. Sir James William Murray 
Ashby, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; C.B. Civ. 1867), Pay- 
master-in-Cb. R.N (retd.), served in Baltic and 
Black Seas, and in China, also on various borne 
and foreign stations : b. 1822, mar. 1873 Catherine 
Magenis, dau. of the late F. II. Maxwell, Esq. 
Res., Little Park, Ninfield, Battle, Sussex. 

ASHBY, Col. George Ashby (name doubled), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Corndt. Discharge Depot, 
Gosport; Egvpt, Nile, and S. Africa 1899-1901: 
b. 1856. 

ASHCOMBE, Baron. George Cubitt, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880), M.A., a D.L. for 
Sxrrey and Middx., a Co. Aid. for Surrey, 
and Hon. Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Eoy. W. Surrey 
Regfc. ; an M.P. 1860-92 ; is Chmn. House of 
Laymen of Canterb. Prov., has been 2nd Church 
Estates Commissr. and on various Roy. Commssns. : 
son of Thos. Cubitt, Esq. ; b. June 4, 1828 ; er. Bn. 
1892 (C.) ; mar. 1853 the late Laura (d. 1904), 
dau. of the late Rev. Jas. Joyce. Seats, Denbies, 
Dorking ; Eallapit, Kingsbridge, S. Devon ; town 
res., 17 Prince's Gt., SW. 

Ceeation. Bn. Ashcombe, U.K. 1892. 


The deceased Geoffrey George C, b. 1854, d. 1855. 
Hon. Helen Laura C, b. 1855. 

Hon. Mary Agues, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester, 
b. 1857, mar. 1884 Itev. Edwd. Arthur Ch. Res. 
The Vicarage, Dorking. 

The deceased Thomas Edmund Wilfred C, b. 1859, d. 

Hon. Adelaide Lama, now Hon. Mrs. Richd. Fuller- 
Maitland, b. i36i, mar. 1891 Riehd. Anth. F.-M., 
Esq. Res., 38 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 

Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George Tallerds, 
b. 1863, mar. 1883 Geo. Win. 2'., Esq. Res., 49 
Warwick Sq., S.W. 

The deceased Mnhvl (!-•• rgina C, b. 1S64, d. 186s. 

Hon. Henry C'., M. A., heir to Barony, M.P. for Ileigate 
Div. (C), a D.L. tor Surrey, and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Surrey Imper. Yeom. : b. 1867, mar. 1890 Maud 
Mariamne, dau. of the late Col. Archib. M. Calvert 

(Hon. Mrs. Cubitt). Res., Birtley, Bramley, Guild- 
ford ; 20 Prince's Gt., S.W. (2nd heir, his son 
Henry Archibald, b. 1892.) 
Hon. Beatrice Hayward, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
vert, b. 1868, mar. 1891 Wm. Archib. C, Esq. Res.. 
Broomells, Capel, Dorking. 
ASHE, Capt. Edward Percy, M.V.O. (4th 
Class 1905), R.N. comdg. H.M.S. 'Kent.' 

ASHFORD, Baron (Eng. 1696)— see "Albe- 
marle, E. of." 

ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPER, but the 
second name appears to be practically dropped), 
family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies" and "Hons.," also below. 

ASHLEY, Lord (by courtesy—title Baron A. 
Eng. 1661), son and heir of the Earl of Shaf tes- ' 

ASHLEY, Priv. Counc. and Peer's Sox. ; 
Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) (Anthony) Evelyn Mel- 
bourne Ashley (the name Cooper being dis- I 
carded, as is conventionally the name Anthony ' 
also, it being given to every male member of the j 
family), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1891), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, a D.L. for Hants, and Official Verderer of 
the New Forest, was Priv. Sec. to Vise. Palmer- 
ston, and has been Pari. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
Under Sec. for Colonies, and 2nd Church Estates 
Commissr., an M.P. 1874-85, and a former Lieut. 
S. Middx. Rifles : son of 7th E. of Shaftesbury and 
uncle of present Peer; b. 1836, mar. 1891, 2nd 
wife, the following. Bes., Broadlands, Romsey, 
Hants. ; Classiebawn, Co. Sligo, nr. Tullaghan; 
13 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen (q.v.), and wife of preceding. 

ASHMAN, Knight. Sir Herbert Ashman, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), Lord Mayor of Bristol 1900 (first 
of the title, was Mayor 1899), Past Pres. of Anchor 
(Colston) Soc, knighted on occasion of the late 
Queen's visit at opening of the Jubilee Conval. 
Hosp. : b. 1854, mar. 1874 Lizzie, dau. of F. G. 
Lorenzen, Esq. Bes., Cook's Folly, Stoke Bishop, 

ASHMORE, Knight. Sir Alexander Murray 
Ashmore, K.C.M.G. (1905), Lt.-Gov. and Colon. 
Sec. Ceylon, late Govt. Sec. Brit. Guiana, prev. 
Receiver-Gen. fori, of Cyprus: b. 1855. Bes., 

ASH TON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. ( U. K.), a manufacturer^ D.L. for Lanes., was 
High Sheriff 1885, M.P. 1886-95: son of the late 
Jas. Williamson, Esq., of Parkfield; b. Dec. 31, 
1842 : cr. Bn. 1895 (/,.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late 
Margaret (d. 1877), dau. of the late Jos. Gatey, 
Esq.; 2ndly, 1880, the late Jessy Henrietta (d. 
1904), dau. of Jas. Stewart, Esq., of Clapham, 
Yorks. Heir, none. Seats, Ryelands, and Ashton 
Hall, both nr. Lancaster; town res., Alford 
House, Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashton, U.K. 1895. 

Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now Hon. Mrs. Peel, b. 1872, 
mar. 1859 lion. Wm. R. Wellesley P., heir to Peel 
Visctv., q.v. 
Hon. Maud W., b. 1876. 
ASHTOWN, Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (Irel.), a D.L. for Co. Galway : grand- 
son of 2nd Bn. and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, 
who died without succeeding ; b. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 
sue. 1880 ; mar. 1894 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. 
Robt. A. G. Ccsbv. Seats, Glenahira Lodge, Co. 
Waterford, nr. Cionmel; Woodlawn R.S.O.,Co. 

Creation. Bn. Ashtown, Irel. 1800.— The 1st Peer was 
M.P. for Portarlingtcn. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 


ti 9 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Frederic Sydney T.,heii toBaronv, b. 1894. 
Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 1806. 
Hon. Robert Tower T., 2nd heir, b. 1897. 
Hon. Arthur Cosby T., b. 1899. 
Hon. Dudley Oliver T., b. 1901. 
Bros, and sists. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1889) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1868.) 

Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Limerick 
1895, b. 1869, mar. 1893 Frances Elizabeth, dau. 
of Walter T. N. Shaw.e-Ta.vlor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
William T.). Res., Clonodfoy Castle, Kilfinane, 
Kilmallock, Co. Limerick. 

Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smythe, 
b. 1871, mar. 1903 Capt. Alan Theodore >S'. Res., 
Milford Lodge, Craven Arms R.3.O., Saloo. 

Hon. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. (,'rc a- Wilkinson, b. 
1873, mar. 1904 Maj. Lewis Fredc. G.-W. 

Hon. Sydney T., b. 1877. Ren., 139 Bedford Ct. 
Mansns., Bedfd. Avenue, W.C. 
Son of 2nd Bn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphin T. , formerly Capt. 1st Drgns. 
and Mai. King's Co. Militia, High Sheriff of Tip- 
perary 1886, is a D.L. for same : b. 1S44, mar. 1873 
Maria, dau. of Sir Richd. Musgrave, 4th Bt. of 
Tourin (Hon. Mrs. Cosby T.). Res., Sop well Hall, 
Cloughjordan R.S.O., Co. Tipperary. 
— Dau.-in-lavj (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne T. (nee Lc-Poer-Trench), dau. of 3rd E. of 
Clanearty, b. 1839, mar. 1G67 the late Hon. Fredk. 
Sydney Chas. T., father of present Bn. (d. 1879). 

.Sist. of 2nd Bn. (gt. aunt of present ; raised to 
rank of a Bn.'s dau. 1840) : 
(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1894, d. 1880.) 
Hon. Harriet Rose, now Hon. Lady Whalley, b. 1813 
(see " Whalley, Kt. 's Wid. "). 

ASPINALL, Maj. Robert Lowndes, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Cant, and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. Yorks. 
Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1899-1902 as A.D.C. : 
b. 1869. 

ASQTJLTH, Priv. Counc. Bt. Hon. Herbert 
Henry Asauith, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), K G. (1890), 
B.A., LL.D., D.C.L., M.P. for E. Fife (L.), an 
Eccles. Commissr., late Sec. of State for Home 
Dept., el. 1905 Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ.: 
b. 1852, mar. 1894, 2nd wife. Bes., 20 Cavendish 
Sq., W. 

ASSER, Lieut. Verney, D.S.O. (1902), R.A., 
S. Africa 1896-8 and 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ASTELL, Capt. Somerset Charles Godfrey 
Fairfax, D.S.O. (1900-1), late N. Staffs. Regt. ; 
Dongola 1896, S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1866. Bes., 
West Lodge, Piddlehinton, Dorchester. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." 

ASTLEY-CORBETT— see " Corbett " (for late 
Astlev Baronetcy) . 

ASTON, Col. George Grey, C.B. (Mil. 1902), 
R.M.A., Soudan 1884, and S. Africa 1899-1900; 
formerly a Professor at the Rov. Nav. College, 
now a D.A.A.G. Staff Coll. : b. 1861. Bes., Staff 
College, Cambeiiev, Surrey. 

ASTON", William George, C.M.G. (1889), 
M.A., D.Litt., formerly Cons.-Gen. for Corea, 
2nd Sec. to Legat. at Tokio, Student Inter- 
preter, &c, a writer on Japanese literature : b. 
1841 . Bes., The Bluff, Beer, Devon. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, I.S.O. (1902), Librar. 
in Colon. Office : b. 1850. Bes., 25 Dennington 
Pk. Rd., W. Hampstead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, 3rd Bishop of— not yet ap- 
pointed. .Bes., Athabasca Landing, Aita, N.W.T., 

ATHERLEY, Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, 
dau. of 17th E. of Suffolk. 

ATHERTON, Col. Thomas James, 0,8, (Mil. 
1900-1), B.A., late comdg. 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1856. Bes., 82 Sloane St., S.W. 

ATHLUMNEY (pron. Ath'lumny), Baron. 
James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 
ville, 2nd Bn. (Irel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 
Meredyth (U.K.) ; a Page of Honour to three 
Irish Viceroys and late A.D.C., has been Capt. 
and Eon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut. 
Coldstrm. Gds., served in Egypt, Dongola, and 
S. Africa 1900 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. March 23, 
1865; sue. 1873 (O.) ; unmrrd. Heir, none to 
Peerage ; to Baronetcy a remote cousin, William 
Dennistoun 8. (b. 1842, gt.-gt. grandson of 1st 
Bt. ; 2nd heir, 1st heir's bro., Henry Belling- 
ham, b. 1848). Seat, Somerville, Navan, Co. 
Meath : tovmres., 3 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1748 ; Bn. Athlumnev. 1863. 
U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, 1866.— The Rt. Hon. Sir William 
Meredyth Somerville, 5th Bt., M.P. for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Imper. Peerages. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Anne Blanche S., b. 1861. Res-., 16 Cyril 

Mansns., Battersea Pk., S.YV". 
Hon. Georgiana Alice Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 

Tottenham, b. X862, mar. i833 Chas. G. Loftus T., 

Es<i. Res., Tudenhani Pk., Mullingar, Co. West- 

(Present Baron, b. 1865.) 
Hon. Cecilia Louisa S., b. 1866. 

Hou. Florence Emily Frances, now Hon. Mis. 
William Starmer, b. 1869, mar. 1901 Wm. Wooding 
S., Esq., Assoc. R.A.M. Res., 20 Warwick Pk., 
Tunb. Wells. 

ATHOLL, Duke of. John James Hugh 
Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke (Scot.), sits 
asEarlStrange (Gt.Br.) ; K.T. (1868), Lord Lieut, 
and Hered. Sheriff of Perthsh., Hon. Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Capt. Scots 
Gds. : son of 6th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1840 ; sue. 1864 
(C), and in 1865 inherited the Percy Barony; 
restored 1893 the orig. spelling of his title 
("Atholl" "instead of "Athole"); mar. 1863 
the late Louisa, dau. of Sir Thos. Moncreiffe, 7th 
Bt. (she died 1902). Seats, Blair Castle (Blair 
Atholl) and Dunkeld House (Dunkeld), both 
Perthsh. ; town res., 84 Eaton PI., S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of Tullibardine, 1604 ; 
E. of Tullibardine, 1606 and 1676 ; E. of Atholl, 1620 ; 
M. of Atholl, Vise, of Balquhidder, and Ld. Murray, Bal- 
venie, and Gask, 1676 (Baronies renewed 1703); 1). of 
Atholl, M. of Tullibardine, E. of Strathtay and 
Strathardle, Vise, of Balquhidder, Glenalmond, and 
Glenlyon, 1703. Eng. : Bn. Strange, 1628 by writ. 
Gt. Br. : Earl Strange and Bn. Murray of Stanley, 
1786; also (inherited through a gt. uncle, the 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
D., whose own son . became 5th D.). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of Tullibardine. His 
grandson the 3rd Earl of T. obtained in 1629 a re-grant of 
the Earldom of Atholl, which had become extinct. The 
2nd Earl of A. was created Marquess, and the 3rd 
obtained the Dukedom. The 2nd Duke succeeded to the 
Barony of Strange in the English Peerage (by writ), 
which had originally been conferred upon his maternal 
ancestor the 7th Earl of Derby ; the 4th obtained the 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (7th) D. (himself sole issue of 6th) : 
Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Rugglea-Brise, 
b. i366, mar. 1895 Maj. Harold Goodeve R.-B. Res,, 
19 Hanover Terr., Reg. Pk., N.W. 
Lady Helen S.-M., b. 1867. 
Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. i363. 

The deceased John, M. of Tullibardine, b. & d. i35g. 

120 ATK 

Directory of Peerage 


Marq. of Tullibardine (pron. Tullibardeen'), heir 
to Dukedom: John George S.-M., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1902), D.S.O. (1898), a D.L. for Perthsh., Maj. 
Roy. Horse Gds., served with Nile Expedn. 1898, 
and in S. Africa 1399-1902, partly in cornd. of 1st 
Scott. Horse, which Itegt. he raised and of which 
he is Lt.-Col. in cornd. : b. 1871, mar. 1899 Katha- 
rine Marjory, dau. of Sir Jas. H. Ramsay, 10th 
Bt. of Bamff. Club, Turf. 

Lord George S.-M., 2nd heir, Capt. Black "Watch, 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

Lord James Tliomas S.-M., Lieut. Cameron Highldrs.. 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1879. 

ATKINSON, Pbiv. Coung. Bt. Hon. John 
Atkinson, P.O. (Irel. 1892), K.C. (1880), LL.D., 
M.P. for N. Derry (C.), Attorney-General for 
Ireland (2nd time) : b. 1844. Bes., 68 Fitzwilliam 
Sq., Dublin. 

ATKINSON, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of 6th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

AUBEBT, Edgar, C.M.G. (1892), Memb. 
Counc. Govt, of Mauritius, four times Mayor of 
Port Louis : b. 1850. Bes., Port Louis. 

AUBIGNY, Due d' {France 1684) -see " Bich- 
mond and G., D. of." 

AUCHINDOUN, Baron (Scot. 1600)— see 
" Huntly, M. of." 

ATJCHTEBHOUSE, Baron {Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Baron. "William Morton Eden, 
5th Bn. {Gt. Br. and Irel.), formerly Capt. 
in Dorset Begt. and Yorks. Mil. : son of 4th Bn. ; 
b. March 27, 1859 ; suc - 1890 (C.) ; mar. 1891 Sibyl 
Constance, dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hut- 
ton, C.B, Seat, Gravenhurst, Bolney, Hay ward's 
Heath, Sussex. 

Creations. Bn. Auckland, Irel. 1789, Gt. Br. 179?.— 
The 1st Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 
to Prance. His successor was promoted (1839) to be 
Earl of Auckland, but the title lapsed at bis death in 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {5th) Bn.: 

Hon. "William Alfred Morton E., heir to Barony, | 
b. 1892. 

Hon. Frederick Colvin George E., 2nd heir, b. 1895. j 
Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bro., sists., and half- 
bros. of present) : 


(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Dulcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Sutton-Nel- 
thorpe, b. i860, mar. 1885 Robt. Nassau S.-M., Esq. I 
Res., Scawby, Brigg, Lines. 

Hon. George E., b. 1861, mar. 18S8 Amy Violet j 
Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. Chas. R. Hay- ! 
Druitimond and granddau. of 10th E. of Kinnoull 
(Hon. Mrs. George E.). Bes., Red Cottage, Long j 
Cross, Chertsey, Surrey ; 54 Cadogan PI., S.W. | 

Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. lies., Larkhill, Ranskill, 
Bawtry R.S.O., Yorks. 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Godfrey Chetwynd, b. 
1867, mar. 1904 Godfrey John Bo vie C, Esq., son of j 
Capt. Hon. Hy. W. Chetwynd, R.N. Res., Park 
Lane Hall, Doncaster. 
By 3rd mruge. (none by 2nd). 

Hon. Robert Evelyn E., b. 1876. 

Hon. Ashley Moiland E., b. 1878. 

Issue of 3rd Bn. (uncle and aunts of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1829, d. 1890.) 
Hon. Florence Selina E., b. 1835. Res., Boyn Hill j 

House, Maidenhead, Berks. 
Hon. Maria Harriet E., b. 1336. Res., with re- 


Hon. Robert Henley Shaw E., b. 1840. mar. 1862 
Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late Rev. Predk. Hild- I 
yard (Hon. Mrs. Robt. E. ). Res., Tyddynllan, 
Llaudrillo, Corwen, Merionethsh. 

AUCKLAND, Baron's Widow {remrrd.). The | 
Dowager Lady A. (Edith, dau. of Sir Wm. Eden, 
[ 6th Bt.), mar., 1st, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. J 

Auckland (d. 1890) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons, 
Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Bes., Stonepitt 
Grange, Seal, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

AUCKLAND, Bishop of. Bt. Bev. Moore 
Bichard Neligpn, M.A., 3rd Bp., late Vic. of 1 
St. Stephen's, Westbourne Pk. : b. 1863, mar. 
1894, cons. 1903. (The Bo. of Dunedin is now 
Primate of N.Z.) 

AUDLEY Barony {Eng. 1313 by writ)— in 
abeyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 
Surviving Relatives. 
( Thicknesse-Touchet.) 

Daiis. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heiresses to the 
succession, producing the abeyance) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T., b. 1858. 
Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 
Dau. -in-law of lgth Bn.: 

Hon. Mrs. John T.-T. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Jno. H., Blennerhasset, Esq.), mar. 1842 the late 
Hon. John Nicholas T.-T. (d. 1861). 

AULD, Maj. -Gen. Bobert, C.B. (Civ. 1902), 
Dir. of Supplies and Clothing at Headqrs., has 
been A.D.C. to Gov. of Malta and Assist. Dir.- 
Gen. of Ordnance : b. 1848. Bes., 1 Onslow 
Houses, Onslow Sq., S.W. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir John Austin. 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1894), M.P. for Osgoldcross Div. of 
West Biding {L.), partner in a malting firm, 
Chmn. of Visiting Cmttee. of County Justices 
for York Castle, formerly Pres. of Osgoldcross 
Lib. Assoc. : son of the late Jno. Austin, Esq., 
of Kippax, Yorks.; b. 1824, mar. 1866 Agnes, 
dau. of the late Saml. S. Byron, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Michael Byron (b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, 
lather's son John Byron Eraser, b. 1897). Seat, 
Castleford, Yorks. ; marine res., 17 Grosvenor Bd., 

AUSTIN, Maj. Herbert Henry,C.M.G. (1901), 
D.S.O. (1899), B.E.. Waziristan 1894-5, Uganda 
1898, was employed in Brit. E. Afr. Protect. 
1897-9, aftds. on Survey Duty in Egypt : b. 1868. 

ALTICHAMP, Comtesse Charles de Beau- 
mont d', sist. of 2nd Bn. Churston. (Name 
variously given as A uti champ, Aultichamp, Autri- 
chatnp, Auticamp, Antichamp, and Antichan.) 

AVA, Earl of {U.K. 1888), a title of the 
Dufierin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heir 
when a first-born son. 

AVEBURY, Baron. John Lubbock, 1st Bn. 
{U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1830), D.C.L., 
LL.D., Hon. M.D., E.B.S. (Vice-Pres.), E.S.A. 
& E.L.S. (Pres.), a D.L. for Kent, a Lieut, for 
the City of London (formerly a Co. Aid. and 
Chmn. L.C.C.), head of the bank of Bobarts, 
Lubbock, and Co., Pres. of Centr. Assoc. of 
Bankers and of Lond. Chamb. of Commerce, a 
Trustee of Brit. Mus., late Vice-Chanc. London 
Univ., for which he was M.P. 1880-1900 (prev. 
for Maidstone from 1870) : son of 3rd Bt. ; b. 
April 30, 1834 ; suc. as 4th Bt. 1865, cr. Bn. 1900 
(L.U.) ; mar., 1st, 1856, Ellen Frances (d. 1879), 
dau. of the late Bev. P. Hordern; 2ndly, 1884, 
Alice Augusta Laurentia, dau. of Maj .-Gen. 
Aug. II. Lane Eox-Pitt-Bivers. Seats, High 
Elms, Down, Earnborough, Kent ; Kingsgate 
Castle, nr. Bamsaate ; town res., 6 St. James's Sq., 
S.W. ; offices, 15 Lombard St., E.C. 
Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1806; Bn. Avebury, 1900. 



Hon. Amy Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Ferdinand Van 
Zandt, b. 1857, mar. 1884, 2nd husb., the late 
Fcrd. S. Van Z., Esq. (d. 1892). Res., The Croft, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



Bradwell-on-Sea, Southminster R.S.O., Essex; 
56 Elm Park Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 
Hon. John Birkbeck. L., heir to Barony, a D.L. 
Kent and a partner in the bank of Robarts, 
Liibbock, and Co. : b. 1858. Res., 14A Berkeley St., 

Hon. Norman L., 2nd heir, b. 1861. Res., Down, 

Farnborough, Kent. 
The late Hon. Constance Mary, aftds. Hon. Mrs. 

Charles Buxton, b. 186-, d. 1892, having mar. 1882 

Chas. Sydney B., Esq. 
Hon. Rolfe Arthur L., formerly Lieut. 3rd Middx. 

Rifle Vols. : b. 1865, mar. 1854 Ethel, dau. of the 

late Thos. A. Lawi'ord, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rolfe L.). 

Res., 11 Sloane Gdns., S.W. 
Hon. Gertrude L-, b. 18&-. Res., 4 Lawrence Mansns., 

Lordship PL, Chelsea, S.W. 


Hon. Ursula L„ b. 1835. 
Hon. Irene L., b. i836." 
Hon. Harold Fox Pitt L., b. i883. 
Hon. Eric Fox Pitt L.,b. 1893. 
Hon. Maurice Eox Pitt L., b. 1900. 
AVELAND, Baron (U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
ter, E. of." 

AVEN, Baron (Scot. 1643)— see " Hamilton, D. 

AVEEY, Baronet. Sir William Beilby Avert/, 
lstBt. (U.K. 1905). 

AVIGLIANO, Duchessa d', dau. of 6th D. of 
Newcastle (the d' for di). 

AVIS, John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1905), Chf. of 
Continental Dept. S.E. & Ch. R. 

AVONMORE, Viscount. Algernon William 
Yelverton, 6th Vise. (Irel.). late Capt. Dublin City 
Artill. (Mil.), served in W. Africa 1902-3 : son 
of 4th V. and bro. of 5th ; b. Nov. 19, 1866 ; 
sue. 1885 ; mar. 1890 Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. 
Evans, Esq., of Gortmerron, Tyrone. Seats, Belle 
Isle, Roscrea, Co. Tipperary ; Hazle Rock, West - 
port, Co. Mayo. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Yelverton, 1795; Vise. Avonmore, 
1800.— Barry Yelverton, the ist Bn. and Vise, was an 
orator and statesman, Attorney-General for Ireland, a 
P.C., and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
( Yelverto 
\Dau. of present (6t7i) V. : 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel I'., b. 1892. 
\lssue of 4th V. (two others deceased) : 
(The late 5th Viscount, b. 1859, d. 1885. ) 
(Present Discount, b. 1866.) 
ussue of 3rd V. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, b. 1824, d. 1S83.) 
Hon. Louisa Elizabeth, n v ow Hon. Mrs. P.udolpli 
Hultzsch, b. 1827, mar. 1873 Herr Rud. Herm. H. 
Res., Dresden. 
Hon. Anna, now Hon. Mrs. James Walker, b. 1833, 
mar. 1859 the lace James W., Esq. (d. 1901). Res., 
Hanley Lodge, Corstorphine R.S.O., Midlothian. 
Hon. Maletta, now Hon. Mrs. Urofton Vandeleur, 
b. 1839, mar. 1868 the late Capt. Crofton T. B. V. 
(d. 1881). Res., Wardenstown, Athlone, Co. West- 
— wau.-in-law : 

(Hon. Mrs. George F. (Louisa Lenox, dau. of Guy 
L. Prendergast, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1857, the late Hon. 
Geo. F. Win. 1", (d. i860); 2ndly, 1876, the late 
Chas. Fethersionhaugh, Esq. (d. 1835)— forfeiting 
her claim to title. Res., Manor Farm House, 

\Ieir pres. (a 1st cous. once removed, grandson of 
2nd V. and son of Hon. Wm. Yelverton) : 
William Henry Morgan Y., Esq., b. 1840. Res.' 
Whitland Abbey, Carmarthen. (No 2nd heir.) 
AVONMORE, Viscount's Widow. Dowager 
1 'iscountess A. (Emily Marianne, dau. of the 
Ute Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. Ashworth, K.C.B., and 
I idow of Edwd. Forbes, Esq., F.R.S.), mar. 1858 
i ;h Vise. Avonmore (d. 1883) . lies., Villa Gobert, 

AWDRY, Bishop— see "Tokio, Sth." 

AWDRY, Knight. Sir Richard Davis Awdry, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Acct.-Gen. to the Navy, 
prev. Assist. Sec. to Admiralty, is a member of 
Roy. Patriotic Fund Corp. : b. 1843, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Katharine Louise James. Res., Gordon 
Lodge, Ciaygate, Esher, Surrey ; Brithdwr Hall, 
BerriewR.S.O., Montgom. 

AYLESFORD, Earl of. Charles Wight- 
wick Finch, 8th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
War wicks., late Hon. Col. 4th Batt. S. Staff ordsh. 
Regt. (Mil.): son of 6th E. and bro. of 7th; b. 
June 7, 1851; sue. 1885 (67.); mar., 1st, 1873, 
the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. 
of 3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, 
Ella Victoria, dau. of Jno. Ross, Esq., and 
widow of Capt. Jas. H. Linton. Seats, Packing- 
ton and Diddington Halls, Coventry ; The Friars, 
Aylesford, Maidstone. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, Eng. 1703 ; E. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Wmchilsea and Nottingham, its first representative 
being the 2nd son of the 1st Earl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-General, and was distinguished as principal of 
the advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the 
reigu of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to 
the above Barony and Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (Sth) E.: 

Lady Violet Ella,, now Lady V. Crawley, b. 1880, 

mar. 1504 Maj. Eustace C. 
Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthington, b. 
1881, mar. 1901 William Worthington W., Esq. 
lies., Netherseale Old Hall, Ashby-deda-Zoueh. 
Lord Guernsey, heir to Earldom: Heneage Greville 
F., Lieut. Irish Gds., now A.D.C. to Gen. Sir 
E. Forrest ier- Walker at Gibraltar, b. 1883. Res., 36 
Buckingham Gt., S.W. 
Hon. Charles Daniel F., 2nd heir, b. 1S86. 
Hon. Ronald William Edv/ard F., b. 1889. 

Daus. ofjth E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Capt. Malcolm Donald M. 
Res., 2 Ovington Gdns., Brjmpton Rd„ S.W. 
Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Danby, 
b. 1875, mar. 1901 Philip Saml. D., Esq. Res., 
Offchureh, Leamington Spa. 
I Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 

(The late 7th Earl, b. 1349, d. 1885.) 
j (Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmine, now Lady A. 
Murray, b. 1853, mar. 1875 Chas. Jas. M., Esq., 
1 M.P. Res., Loch Carron R.S.O., Ross-sh. ; 41 

Belgrave Sq., S.W. 
; AYLESFORD, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
j Countess of A. (Jane Wightwick, dau. of the 
I late Jno. W. Knightley, Esq.), mar. 1846 6th E. 
! of Aylesford (d. 1871). lies., The Bury, Leam- 
j ington Spa. 

AYLMER, family name of following Barony. 
AYLMER, Baron. Matthew Aylmer, Sth Bn. 
(Irel.) and a Bt., Col. and A.G. of Canadian 
j Militia, of which he comds. Mil. Dist. 4, formerly 
i Lieut. 7th Fusiliers and A. A.G. at Headqrs. : son 
of 7th Bn. ; b. March 28, 1842 : sue. 1901 ; mar. 
1875 Amy Gertrude, dau. of Hon. Jno. Young, 
of Montreal, lies., Ottawa. 

Creations. Irel.: A Et. 1662; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. de 
Balrath, 1718.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was 
awarded this Peerage in recognition of his services : he 
was 2nd son of the 1st Bb., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : they are distinct from the 
Btcv. below. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) Bn. : 

Hon. Amelia Winifred A., b. 1876. 



Directory of Peerage^ 


Hon. John Frederick. Whitwortii A. heir to 

Barony, b. i38o. 
Hon. Kenneth Athalmar A., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Basil Udolphus A., b. 1SS6. 
Hon. Florence Gwendolyn A., b. 1891. 

Surviving issue of Jth Bn. (bros. and sist. of j 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Henry A., Canad. M.P., barrister, Sheriff of j 
St. Francis Dist., Quebec, and Lt.-C'ol. Canad. i 
Artill. Mil. : b. 1843, mar. 1870 Louisa Blanche 
Fanny, dau. of the late Hy. A. Howe. Esq,, LL.D. I 
(Hon. Mrs. Henry A.). Res., Lennoxville, Quebec. 
Hon. Isabella, now Hen. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, , 
mar. 1S72 ber cousin, the late Hy. Lovell Aylmer, 

J Esq. (d. 1882). Res., Richmond, Quebec. 

j Hon. Frederick Whitworth A., C.E. (Canad. Pacific 
By. ) and Capt. Canad. Mil. : b. 1850, mar. 1899 Emma 
Meredith, dau. of R. Lang:, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. j 
Frederick A.), Res., C4oIden, Brit. Columbia. 

j AYLMER, Baronet. Sir Arthur Percy 
i Fitzgerald Aylmer, 13th Bt. (Irel. 1621), granct- 
; son of 12th Bt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
J J. Aylmer; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, 2nd 
1 wife, but divorced 1886 (by an American wife 
! who had prev. been divorced herself). Heir pres., 
! his bro. Col. Fenton John A., TJ(C (b. 1862; 2nd 
I heir, their uncle Capt. John Evans Freke A., b. 
i 1838). Res., Donadea Lodge, Westend Village, 
j Southampton. 

AYLMER, Baronet's "Widow. Lady A. 

(Alice Hester Caroline, dau. of Conway R. Dobbs, 
I Esq.), mar. 1853 Sir Gerald G. Aylmer, 10th Bt. 
! (d/1883). lies., Reduit, Monkstown, Co. Dublin, 
j AYLMER, Col. Edmund Kendal Grimston, 
j C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg. 19th Hussars ; Egypt 

and Soudan 1882-5, S- Africa 1895-1902 : b. 1859. 

Club, Nav. and Mil. 
AYR, Viscount (Scot. 1622)— see " Bute, M. 


AYSCOUGH (PERRY-), Hon. Mrs. George, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Congieton. 

AYTOUN, Maj. Andrew,D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. 
and Suthd. Kighldrs. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, was 
with Colon. Forces in Queensld. 1898 : b. i860. 


BABTIE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1899), 
W (1899), R.A.M.C., M.B., L.R.C.P., a Kt. of 
Grace Sr. John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-S, S. Africa 
1899-1900, now Assist. Dir.-Gen. A. M.S. : b. 1859. 
Res., 21 Carlisle Mansns., "Westmr., S.W., and 
68 Victoria St., S.W. 

BACKHOUSE, Baronet. Sir Jonathan Ed- 
mund Backhouse, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1901), aD.L. for N. 
Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
son of Edmd. Backhouse, Esq., of Trebah, Corn- 
wall : b. 1849, widower. Heir, his son Edmund 
Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, Oliver. 
Lieut. R.N., b. 1876). Seats, Uplands, Darling- 
ton ; The Rookery, MiddletonTyasR.S.O., Yorks. 

BACKHOUSE, Col. Julius Batt, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late East Kent Regt. (the Buffs); Zulu 
War 1879, and S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1854. 

BACKHOUSE, Maj. Miles Roland Charles, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northumbd. Imper. Yeom.; S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1878 (4th son 01 above Bt.). 

BACON, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 
Bacon, nth Bt. of Redgrave (Eng. 1611, Premier 
Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhall, Eng. 
1627), F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
1887), a Co. Aid. for Lindsey Div., formerly 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 16th Bt., b. 1855, 
sue. 1872. Heir pres., his bro. Nicholas Henry 
(b. 1857 ; and heir, latter' s son Edmund Castell, 
b. 1903). Seat, Thonock Hall, Gainsborough, 
Lines. ; town res., Queen Anne's Mansns., St. 
James's Pk., S.W. 

*#* The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Verulam, commonly, 
but incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St. Albans, or rather St. Alban— all his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Roger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son, Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became 1st Bt. 

BACON, Capt. Reginald Hugh Spencer, 
D.S.O. (1897), R.N., Benin 1897, now Nav. Assist. 
"to First Sea Lord of Admiralty, author of a 
' Manual of Electric Lighting for the Navy : ' 
b. 1863. 

BADCOCK, Knight. Gen. Sir Alexander 
Robert Badcoch, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902), C.S.I. (1895), 
LA. retd., served in Bhutan Expedn. 1864-5, 
Hazara 1868, Perak 1875-6. Afghanistan 1878-80, 
now a Memb. Counc. of India, was Q..M.G. in 
India 1895-1900: b. 1844, mar. 1865 Theophila 
Lowther, dau. of J. S. Dumergue, Esq. lies., 
The Elms, Shortlands, Bromley, Kent; 44 Gros- 
venor Ed., S.W. 

BADCOCK, Maj . Francis Frederick, D.S.O. 
(1892), I. A., Hazara 1888 and 1891, 2nd Miran- 
zai, Hunza Nagar, Waziristan, and Tirah 1897-8 : 
b. 1867 (son of preceding). 

BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 
late Controller of London Postal Service, in 
G.P.O. 1858-1905 : b. 1840. Res., Springfield, 
Brodrick Rd., Upp. Tooting, S.W. 

BADENOCH, Baron (Scot. 1600), a title of the 
Huntiy Marquessate. 

I BAGGE, Baronet. Sir Alfred Thomas Bagge, 
\ 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1867), retired Capt. R.N. (served 
] in China 1857-61), a D. L. for Norfolk : son of 1st 
! Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1843, sue. 1881, mar. 1872 
I Millicent Case, dau. of the late Jno. G. Morris, 
j Esq. Heir, his son Alfred William Francis 

(b. 1875; 2nd heir, next son, John Picton, b. 

1877). Seat, Stradsett Hall, Downham Market, 


BAGGE, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). Alice,i 
Lady B., dau. of the late Alf. Giles, Esq., mar., 
1st, 1865, Sir Wm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
2ndlv, 1889, Wm. Wainwright, Esq., but retains 
title by right. Res., The Deanery, Sth. Mailing, 

BAGGE, Maj. Richard Ludwig, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 3rd Batt. Norf. Regt. (Mil.) : S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1872. Res., Islington Hall, 
King's Lynn. 

BAGOT, family name of following Barony. 

BAGOT, Baron. William Bagot, 4th Bn. 
(Gt. Br.) and a Bt., F.S.A., F.L.S. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Chamb. and Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in comd. Staffordsh. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAI 123 

Yeom., formerly A.D.C. to Gov.~Gen. of Canada : 
son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1856; sue. 1887 (C.) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian, dau. of late Henry May, Esq., 
of Maryland, U.S.A. Seats, Blithfield, Rugeley, 
Staffs. ; Pool Pk., Ruthin, Denbighsh. (let). 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1627; Bn. Bagot, Gt. Br. 
1780.— Sir Wm. Bagot, 1st Bn., was M. P. for Staffordshire ; 
the 2nd was a distinguished scientist. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (4th) Bn.: 
Hon. Barbara B., b. 1905. 
Surviving issue of "£r& Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaw, prev. 
Hamar Bass, b. 1853, mar. 1901, 2nd husb.. Rev 
Bemd. I). Douglas S., Vic. of Ch. Ch. Albany St., 
AV. Res., S Hereford Gdns., Park Ln., W. 

(Present Bauon, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Katherine Jane, now Hon. Mrs. David Smythe, 
b. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray 8. Res., 
Methven Castle, Perth. 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Mrs. 
New&ig&te-Newdc'jate, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus.:b. 1S61, mar. 1888 Pras. Alex. Newdigate, 
Esq., M.P., who assumed the addit. name of Mew- 
degate 1902. Res., Arbury, Nuneaton, Warwicks. ; 
West Hallam, Derby ; 1 Timey St., Park Ln., W. 

Hon. Walter Lewis B., heir pres. to Barony, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., served in S. Africa 
1900-1, late Capt. 1st Batt. Gren. Gds. : b. 1864, 
mar. 1892 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. of the late 
Hon. Predk. V/. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl Cadogan 
(Hon. Mrs. Walter B., of 24 Montagu St., Port- 
man Sq., W.). (2nd heir, his sou Edward Lewis 
Henry, b. i3g6.) 

BAGOT, Knight. Sir Charles Samuel Bagot, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), B.A., barrister-at-law, late a 
Legal Commissr. in Lunicy, now an Hon. Com- 
missr : b. 1828, mar. 1851 Lucy Francesca, dau. 
of the late Edmund G. Hornby, Esq. Res., 
The Gables, East Sheen, Mortlake, S.W., and 66 
Victoria St., S.W. 

i BAGOT, Col. Charles Hervey, C.B. (Mil. 

1900), R.E. retd. ; Afghn. i878-g,_ Bsehuanald. 
J1884-5, late Dep. Insp.-Gen. of Fortificns. : b. 
"1847. Brook Cottage, East Grinstead, Sussex. 
BAHRIA— see " Delia Bahria." 
BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 

q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

. BAILEY, Knight (1). Sir James Bailey, Kt. 
iijBach. (1905), M.P. for Walworth (C). 

BAILEY. Knight (2). Sir William Henry 
fBailey, Kt. Bach. (1894), Manag. Dir. of W. H. 
i! 1 Bailey and Co., Mayor of Salford 1893-4 and Past 
II Pres. of Manch. Assoc. of Engineers, a pioneer of 
jjthe Ship Canal : b. 1838, widower. Res., Sale Hail, 

Cheshire, nr. Manchester; Glan-y-Mor, Beaumaris. 
I BAILEY, Capt. Arthur Harold, D.S.O. 
I ; 1900-1), S. Lanes. Regt. ; Rhodesia 1896-7 and 
IpBoer War 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 
I BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. John, dau. of 4th Bn. 
I Lyttelton — see " Cobham." 

I BAILEY, Capt. Percy James, D.S.O. (1902), 
i 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 
I BAILEY, Rowland, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
1LS.O. (igo4\ Controller of Stationery Office, prey. 

pf Stores, Works Office. 

BAILEY, William Henry, I.S.O. (1905), 

(Uolon. Postmr., Barbados. 

J BAILLIE, Baronet. Sir Robert Alexander 
paillie, 4th Bt. of Polkemmet (U.K. 1823), Maj. 
[Uth Co. of Lond. Imper. Yeom. : bro. of 3rd 

3t. and nephew of 2nd, b. 1859, sue. 1896, mar. 

.887 Isabel, dau. of the late David E. Wilkie, Esq., 
|)f Melbourne. Heir, his son Gawain George 
j Stuart (b. 1893 ; 2nd heir, next son, Adrian 
I iVilliam Maxwell, b. 1898). Res., changing. 
I BAILLIE, Baronet's Widow. Mary, Lady 

B., dau. of Stair H. Stewart, Esq., mar. 1846 Sir 
Wm. Baillie, 2nd Bt. (d. 1890). Res., Polkemmet, 
Whitburn, Linlithgowsh. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Bovne. 

BAILLIE, Lt.-Col. Augustus Charles, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army ; S. Africa 1900-2, 
now Maj. Lovat's Scouts : b. 1861. 

BAILLIE, Lady Blanche Harriet Emma, 
sist. of 4th E. of Malmesbury. 

BAILLIE, Col. James Evan Bruce, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), formerly M.P. for Inverness-sh. 
Res., Dochfouv, Inverness; 71 Sth. Audley St., W. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of Bn. Burton, 
and wife of preceding. 

BAILLIE, Lieut. John Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), j 
S. African Constab., late with Ind. Police ; Boer j 
War 1901-2: b. 1874. Res.. Pretoria. 

BAILLIE (COCHRANE-), family name of I 
Lamington Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BAILLIE-HAMILTON— see " Hamilton, B.-" 

BAINBRIDGE, Knight. Col. Sir Edmond 
Bainbridge, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), R.A. retd. (1898), 
late Supt. of Ordn. Factories and of Roy. Labora- 
tory, Woolwich, has also been Instr. to Sch. of 
Gunnery, Sec. of Ordn. Cmttee., &c. : b. 1841, 
mar. 1880, 2nd wife, Kate. dau. of Jno. Page, 
Esq. R»s.. Sheringham R S.O., Norfolk. 

BAINBRIDGE. Capt. Norman Bruce, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Rid. Regt. ; Boer War 1899-1901, now 
an Ordn. Offr. 4th class : b. 1869. 

BAINBRIDGE, Capt. William Frank, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), LA. ; N.W.Frontier 1897-8, China 1900 : 
b. 1873. 

BAINES, Bishop — see "Natal," and note 
" Baynes" as distinct. 

BAINES, Knight. Sir (Jervoise) Athel- 
stane Bainbridge, Kt. Bach. (1905), C.S.I. (1894), 

F. R.G.S.,F.R.S.S.(Hon. Sec.),lateAld.L.C.C.,in 
I.C.S. 1868-95 as Magistrate, Forest Offr., Census ! 
Commissr., fee, author of several works on India : j 
b. 1847, mar. 1874 Constance, dau. of Henry Pyne, i 
Esq. Res., Horns Gloss, Kidlington, Oxford. j 

BAiNES, Frederick Ebenezer, C.B. (Civ. ! 
1885), late Surv.-Gen. of Telegrs. and Assist. Sec. i 

G. P.O., ret. 1803, is author of several works : b. | 
1832. Res., Tunb. Wells. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Newbyth. Sir David 1 
Baird, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1809), a D.L. for Co. 
Haddington and Commissi', of Supply for 
Midlothian, formerly Maj. 98th Regt. and of 
74th Highldrs., served in Kaffir and Crimean 
Wars and in Mutiny: son of 2nd Bt., b. 1832, 
sue. 1852, mar. 1864 Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of 
12th Bn. Blantyre (Hon. Lady Baird of Newbyth). 
Heir, his son Capt. David B. (b. 1865; 2nd heir, 
next son, William Arthur, b. 1879) . Seat, Newbyth 
House, Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. 

*#* This line is a branch of the following. The 1st 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.C.B., was a distinguished 
military commander who figured at the capture of 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corunna. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Saughion Hall. Sir 
William James Gardiner Baird, 8th Bt. (Scot. 
1696), Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Lothians 
and Berwicks. Imper. Yeom., formerly Lieut. 
7th Hussars, is a Commissr. of Supply for Mid- 
lothian : son of 7th Bt., b. 1854, sue. 1896, 
mar. 1S79 Hon. Arabella Ross Evelyn Hozier, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands (Hon. Lady Baird of 
Saughton Hall). Heir, his son James Hozier ; 
Gardiner (b. 1883; 2nd heir, next son, William | 
Frank Gardiner, b. 1885). Res., Luchie, Nth. j 
Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Urie. Sir Alexander j 

124 BAI Directory of Peerage, BAL 

Baird, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1897), Lord Lieut, of Kin- 
eardinesh., and a D.L. for Inverness-sh. and for 
Co. of City of Aberdeen : son of the late Jno. 
Baird, Esq., b. 1849, widower (having mar. Hon. 
Annette M. Folk, dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, 
his son John Lawrence, C.M.G., q.v. (2nd heir, 
next son, Alexander "Walter Frederick, D.S.O., 
q.v.). Seat, Urie, Stonehaven, Kineardinesh. 

BAIRD, Hon. Ladies— see under above Bts. 
of Newbyth and Saughton Hall. 

BAIRD, Knight. Adm. Sir John Kennedy 
Erskine Baird, K.C.B. (Mil. 1890), served in 
Russian "War and commanded Chan. Squad. 
1888-90, ret. 1897, was a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria : bro. of Sir David Baird, Bt. of New- 
byth ; b. 1833, mar. 1905 Constance Barbara, dau. 
of the late Edwd. Clarke, Esq., of Chard. 

BAIRD, Maj . Alexander "Walter Frederick, 
D.S.O. (1902), Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 
as a Staff-Capt. : b. 1876 (son and 2nd heir of 
above Bt. of Urie) . 

BAIRD, Col. Andrew Wilson, C.S.I. (1897), 
R.E. retd., F.R.S., F.R.G.S., A.M.I.C.E., Fell. 
Imper. Inst, (on Governing Body), Abyss. 1867, 
was Dep. Supt. of Great Trigonometr. Surv. of 
India, late Master of Calcutta Mint: b. 1842. 
Res., Palmer's Cross, Elgin. 

BAIRD, Lady Ethel Sydney, dau. of 9th E. 
of Kintore and wife of the under-mentioned Jno. 
L. Baird, C.M.G. 

BAIRD, Capt. Henry Hume Chisholm, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 as 
Signalling Offr. : b. 1878. 

BAIRD, John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), a 
2nd Sec. in Diplom. Sarv. (Abyssinia and Somali- 
land) and a D.L. for Kineardinesh. : son and heir 
of above Bt. of Urie, b. 1874, mar. 1905 the above 
Lady Ethel B. 

BAKER, Baronet of Dunstable House. His 
Honour Sir George Sherston Baker, 4th Bt. {Gt. 
Br. 1796), Recorder of Barnstaple and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has teen a 
Revising Barrister and an Examiner to the Four 
Inns of Court, is editor of several legal works : 
gt. grandson of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin once 
rem. of 3rd ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1873 
Jane Mary, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Fegen, Esq., 

C. B., R.N. Heir, his son Dodington George 
Richard Sherston (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
John Dunstan Sherston, b. 1882). Res., 18 Caven- 
dish Ed., St. John's Wd.,N.W. ; chamb., 13 Bank 
St., Lincoln. 

BAKER, Baronet of Loven'or. — see " Rhodes." 

BAKER, Baronet of Ranston (or of Ashcombe). 
Sir Randolf Littleiiales Baker, 4th Bt. 
{U.K. 1802), 2nd Lieut. Dorset Imper. Yeom. : 
son of 3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No present 
heir. Seat, Ranston, Blandford, Dorset. 

BAKER, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. of 
Ranston (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 
Marryat), mar. 1875, as 2nd wife, Rev. Sir Talbot 
H. B. Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 
1900). Res., with Sir Randolf. 
i BAKER, Knight (1). Sir Augustine Fitz- 
! Gekald Baker, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., Pres. of 
- Iocorp. Law Soc. of Ireld. : b. 1851. Res., 56 
Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BAKER, Knight (2). Sir Benjamin Baker, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), K.C.M.G. (1890), LL.D., 

D. Sc. F.R.S., Past Pres. Inst. C.E. and Lt.-Col. 
and Hon. Col. Engr. and Rail. Vols., joint engr. 
of the Forth Bridge and of the Nile Reservoir, a 
memb. of Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1840. Res., Bowden 

j Grn., Pangbourne, Reading ; 2 Queen Sq. PI., 
Queen Anne's Gt., S.W., and 110 Piccadilly, W. 

BAKER, Knight (3). Sir John Baker, Kt. 
Bach. (1895), a wool merchant, twice Mayor of 
Portsmouth and Chmn. of Sch. Bd. for 21 years, 
anM.P. 1892-1900 : b. 1828, widower. Res., North 
End House, Landport, Portsmouth ; 4 Queen's 
Gdns., Hove, Brighton. 

BAKER, Knight (4). Hon. Sir Richard 
Chaffey Baker, K.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., Pres. of 
first Senate cf Austral. Commonwealth, prev. 
nine years Pres. of Leg. Counc. S. Aust., where 
he had been Attorney-Gen., Min. of Justice, &c. : 
b. 1842, mar. 1865 Katherine Edith, dau. of Richd. 
B. Colley, Esq. Res., Morialta, Norton's Summit, 
nr. Adelaide, and Melbourne. 

BAKER, Knight's Widow. Lady 2?. (Florence, 
dau. of M. Finnian von Sass), mar. i860, as 2nd 

j wife, Sir Saml. W. Baker, F.R.S., distinguished 

I African traveller (d. 1893) . Res., Sandford Orleigh, 

[ Newton Abbot, Devon. 

I BAKER, Maj. Arthur Brander, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Imper. Bushmen; Hazara 1888, 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1868. 

BAKER, Edward Norman, C.S.I. (1900), has 
been Financ. Sec. to Govts, of Bengal and India, 
also a Dep. Commissr., now an M.L.C. of Bengal 
I and Financ. Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1857. 
Res., Calcutta. 

BAKER, Col. George, C.B. (Mil. 1887), 67th 
Regt. retd. ; China i860, Afghn. 1878-80, and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. 20th Eegtl. Dist 1891-6: b. 
1840. Res., Manor Farm, Frindsbury, Rochester. 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of 18th Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Maj. Robert Joseph, D.S.O. (1902), 
Qmr. and Hon. Maj. 5th Batt. Roy. Dubl. Fus. 
(Mil.) ; S. Africa igoo-2 : b. 1856. Res., 138 Sth. 
Circular Rd., Dublin. 

BALA R. VARMA— see " Travancore." 

BALCARRES, Earl of {Scot. 1651) — see 

BALCARRES {proa. Balcar'rez), Lord {by 
courtesy), M.P., eld. son and heir of E. of Crawford 
and Balcaires, q.v. Title varied from one of those 
of the Earldom, " Baron Lindsay of Balcarres." 

BALDOCK, Col. Thomas Stanford, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.A., S. Africa 1901-2, was Brig.-Maj. R.A. 
in Malta 1890-4, now on Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1854. 
Res., Bapchiid Ct., Sittingbourne, Kent. 

BALD WIN, Maj. Guy Melfort, D.S.O. (1896), 
I.A., Hazara 1888, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 
1897-8, now a D.A.A.G. at Ind. Headqrs. : b. 1865. 

BALE, Knight. Hon. Sir Henry Bale, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), F.R.C.I.,Ch. Justice of Natal, 
formerly Attorn. -Gen. and Memb. Counc. of 
Educn., also Chmn. of various Cmttees., and has 
twice been requested to form a Ministry, appd. 
Q.C. 1897: b. 1854, mar. 1904, 2nd wife, Margaret 
Anne, dau. of the late W. F. Berning, Esq. Res., 
Hillside, Pieterraaritzburg. 

BALFOUR, family name of Kinross Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1885, /. 
1887), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., M.P. for 
E. Manchester (6'.), an Elder Brother of Trinity 
House, a D.L. for Haddingtonsh., Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury (appd. to former 
office July 12, 1902), late also Lord Privy 
Seal, is an ex-officio memb. of Scott. Cmttee. of 
Counc. on Educn. ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh 
Univ., late Lord Rector of St. Andrews and 
Glasgow, and has been Ch. Sec. for Ireland 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BAN 125 

(1887-91), Sec. for Scotland, Pres. of Local Govt. 
Bd., and Assist. Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, 
having 1 accompanied the Spec. Mission of Lords 
Beaconsfield and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878 ; 
was Pres. of Brit. Assoc. 1904 ; author of ' Founda- 
tions of Belief,' ' A Defence of Philosophic Doubt," 
and other works : son of Jas. Maitland Balfour, 
Esq., and of Lady Blanche Cecil, sist. of late 
Marq. of Salisbury ; b. July 25, 1848 ; unmrrd. 
10 Downing St., S.W. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Xtt. Hon. 
Gerald "William Balfour, P.C. (irel. 1895, Gt. 
[Br. 1900), M.A., M.P. for Centr. Leeds (C), 
I Pres. of Loc. Govt. Bd., prev. of Bd. of Trade and 
I Chief Sec. for Ireland ; was Priv. Sec. to his bro., 
the preceding, when Pres. Loc. Govt. Bd. : b. 
1853, mar. 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Z/z/Moh, dau. 
of 1st E. of Lytton (Lady Betty Balfour) . Res., 
\ Fishers Hill, Woking, Surrey '; 3 Whitehall Ct., 

BALFOUR, Lady " Betty," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lytton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

BALFOUR, Capt. Christopher Egerton, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), King's Roy. Rif. Corps ; S. 
Africa 1899-1901 as A.D.C. : b. 1872. 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of 8th D. of 

BALFOUR, Lady Helena ("Nina"), dau. of 
10th E. of Antrim. 

BALFOUR, Lt.-Col. John Edmond Heugh, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. Roy. 1st 
Devon Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-igoo as 
A.D.C: b. 1863. Res. Sidmouth Manor, Devon; 
5B Mount St., W. 
I BALFOUR op BURLEIGH, Baron. Alex- 
|| ander Hugh Bruce, 6th Bn. {Scot.), a Scot. Repres. 
j Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892), 
llM.A., LL.D., a D.L. for Clackmannan, andChanc. 
I of St. Andrews Univ., a memb. of Scott. Cmttee. 
I of Counc. on Educn., late Sec. for Scotland (with 
if seat in the Cabinet), formerly Pari. Sec. to 
IfBd. of Trade, a Lord in Waiting to Queen 
[Victoria, and Capt. Highld. Bord. Militia ; has 
I been Chmn. of four Commssns. : son of Robert 
:j Bruce, Esq., a descendant of 4th Bn. ; b. Jan. 13, 
U1849 ; sue. 1869, when the Barony was relieved of 
{ the attainder under which it had lain from 1716 
|(C); mar. 1876 Lady Katherine Eliza Hamilton- 
j Gordon, dau. of 5th E. of Aberdeen. Seat, 
[Kennet House, Alloa, Clackmannansh. ; townres., 
1 47 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Ill Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Scot. 1607.— Sir 
! Michael Balfour (Kt.), the 1st Bn., was Ambassador to 
I the Duke of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 
pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of his sister, who 
I had married Brig. -Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Relatives. 
tissue of present (6th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary B., b. 1877. 
Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1879. 
Master of Burleigh, heir to Barony: Hon. Robert 
B., Lieut. 1st Batt. Argyll and Suthd. Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1880. 
1 Hon. George John Gordon B., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Victoria Alexandrina Katherine B., b. 1898. 

KSist. of present Bn. (advanced to rank of a Bn.'s 
I daughter 1870) : 

(Present Baron, b. 1849.) 
I Hon. Henrietta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Claud Hamil- 
ton, b. 1850, mar. 1874 the late Claud H. H., Esq. (d. 
I 1900). Res., Dunmore Pk., Larbert, Stirlingsh. ; 
Cochna, Duntocher, Duinbartonsh, nr. Glasgow. 

BALGONIE, Lord (by courtesy— -title, Bn. B., 
Scot. 1641), eld. son and heir of E. of Leven and 
Melville, q.v. , 

BALINHARD, Baron ( U.K. 1869) , Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Knight (1). Sir Charles Bent Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), M.D., F.R.C.S.I., Reg. Prof, 
of Surg, in Trin. Coll. Dublin and an Hon. Surg, 
to H.M. in Ireld., a memb. of Gen. Med. Counc. 
and of Advisory Bd. of Army Med. Serv. : b. 1851 1 
(bro. of follg.), mar. 1874 Annie Julia, dau. of the j 
late Danl. Kinahan, Esq. Res., 24 Merrion Sq., ' 

BALL, Knight (2). Sir Robert Stawell Ball, j 
Kt. Bach. (1886), M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E., 
F.R.A.S. (Past Pres.), late Royal Astronomer 
for Ireland, now Lowndean Prof, of Astron. and 
Geom. at Cambridge, well known as a mathe- 
matician and astronomer, and also as a popular 
author and lecturer : b. 1840, mar. 1868 Frances 
Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele, Esq. Res., 
Observatory, Cambridge. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in 1901 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. Res., 
Hereford House, Kloof St., Cape Town. 

BALLARAT, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Vincent Green, LL.D., 2nd Bishop, late 3rd 
Bishop of Grafton and Armidale, formerly 
Archdn. of Ballarat and Exam, in Hist, and Polit. 
Econ. to Melbourne Univ. : b. 1857, mar. 1880, 
cons, to Grafton 1894, transl. 1900. Res., Bishops- 
court, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLARD, Henry, C.M.G. (1901), Port Capt. 
at Durban, Natal : b. 1840. 

BALLINBRIECH, Baron (Scot. 1458), a title 
of E. of Rothes. 

BALLY, Maj. -Gen. John Ford, C.V.O. (1903), 
R.A. retd. (1905) ; Zululd 1879, Supt. of Sch. of 
Gunnery 1897-1902, late comdg. R.A. at Gib- 
raltar : b. 1845. 

BALLYMOTE, Baron (Irel. 1628) — see 
"Taaffe, Vise." 

BALMORE, Baron (Scot. 1600)— see "Huntly, 
M. of." 

BALNIEL, Baron (Scot. 1651)— see " Crawford, 
E. of." 

BALQUHTDDER, Viscount (Scot. 1676), and \ 
BALQHDR., GLENALMOND, &c. (1703)— see 
" Atholl, D. of." 

BALRATH, Baron AYLMER de (Irel. 1718) J 
— see " Aylmer, Bn." 

BALVAIRD, Baron (Scot. 1641), a title of the j 
Mansfield Earldom. 

BALVENIE &c, Baron (Scot. 1676) — see 
"Atholl, D. of." 

BALWEARIE &c, Baron {Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO, Duquesa del— see " Del Balzo." 

BAMPFYLDE, family name of Poltimore 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Baronet. Sir Frederick George 
Banbury, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1902), M.P. for Peckham 
(C.), a partner in Fredk. Banbury and Sons, 
stockbrokers: son of the late Fredk. Banbury,Esq., 
of Shirley ; b. 1850, mar. 1873 Elizabeth Rosa, dau. 
of the late Thos. B. Beale, Esq. Heir, his son 
Charles William (b. 1877 ; no 2nd heir) . Seat, 
Warneford PL, Highworth, Swindon ; town res., 
41 Lowndes St., S.W. ; offices, 23 Old Broad St., 

BANCROFT, Knight. Sir Squire Bancroft 
Bancroft, Kt. Bach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of the Prince of Wales's Theatre, aftds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 

126 BAN 


of Peerage, 


j as a reader on behalf of charities : b. 1841, mar. 
! 1867 Marie Effie Wilton, well-known actress. Res., 
i White Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea R.S.O., Kent; 18 
1 Berkeley Sq., W. 

i BANDxlNARAIKE, Solomon Diab, C.M.G. 
! (1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon, Mohandirum 
of the Governor's Gate, and a native A.D.C. to 
j Gov. : b. 1862. lies., Horagolla, Veyangoda, 
I Ceylon. 

■ BANDINI, Marchess — see " Giustiniani-B." 

I BANDINI (GIUSTINIANI-), family name of 
Newburgh Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
" Hons." (See " Ginstiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Eael of. James Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl (Irel.). an Irish Bepres. Peer (el. 
1881), K.P. (1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Artill. Mil., was on Staff of D. of Abereom (Ld. 
Lieut.) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E. ; b. Sept. 12, 1850; 

! sue. 1877 (0.) ; mar. 1876 Hon. Georgiana 

j Dorothea Harriet Evans- Freke, dau. of 7th Bn. 
Carbery. Seat, Castle Bernard, Bandon, Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bandon, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
1795 ; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1800.— The 1st 
Peer was M.P. for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles successively. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue oford E. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Ald- 
tvorth, b. 1837, mar. 1363 the late Col. Richd. Wm. A. 
(d. 1899). Res., Newmarket Ct., Newmarket, Co. 

Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ) Res., 73 

Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1343. V Chester 
Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1344. ) Sq., SAY. 

(Present Earl, b. 1350.) 

Lady Kathleen Frances, now Lady K. Gaussen, b. 
1853, mar. 1885 Alfd. V/. Geo. G., Esq. Res., 3 Wal- 
pole St., Chelsea, SAY. 

Heir pres. to Earldom (a 1st cousin) : 

Capt. Percy Brodrick B., B.A., a D.L. for Co. Gal- 
way, formerly Capt. Roy. Minister Fus. (Mil.), 
once an M.P. and Priv. Sec. to two Viceroys of 
Ireld. : son of Et. Rev. the Hon. Chas. B. Bernard, 
Bp. of Tuam; b. 1344, mar. 190a, 3rd wife, Eva, 
dau. of the late Henry Hoare, Esq. Res., Castle 
Hackett, Tuam, Co. Galway. (2nd heir, his son 
Ronald Percy Hamilton, b. 1875.) 

BANDON BRIDGE, Baron {Irel. 1628) — 
see " Cork and O., E. of." 

BANERJEE, Sir Gooroo Dass, Kt. Bach. 
(1904), M.A., LL.D., late a Puisne Judge of the 
High Ct. at Fort William, Bengal, an M.L.C., 
and Vice-Chanc. of Calcutta Univ., has been a 
Prof, or Lect. on Mathematics and Law : b. 1844, 
mar. 1861. Res., 19 Sastitala Ed., Narikeldanga, 

BANFIELD, Col. Bees John Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), late Welsh Begt. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1900, now Ch. Staff Offr. at Gibraltar: b. 1850. 

BANGOR, Bishop of. Bt. Rev. Waticin 
Herbert Williams, D.D. ,72nd Bp., late Archdn., 
Canon Res., and Dean of St. Asaph, and Comsry. 
to Bp. of Saskatchewan : son of Sir Hugh 
Williams, 3rd Bt. of Bodelwyddan ; b. Aug. 22, 
1845, mar. 1879, cons. 1899, ent. Lords 1904 {€.). 
Res., Glyngarth Palace. Menai Bridge R.S.O., 
Anglesea ; Pant Eidal, Mach3'nlleth, Montgom. 

BANGOR, Viscount. Henry William Crosbie 
Ward, 5th Vise. (Irel.), an Irish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1885), a D.L. for Co. Down, formerly Capt. 
43rd Regt., served in Kaffir War 1851-3 : son of 
3rd V. and bro. of 4th ; b. July 26, 1828 ; sue. 
1881 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1854, the late Mary, dau. of 
the late Rev. Hy. King (she died 1869) ; 2ndly, 

i874,Elizabeth, dau. of the late Maj. Hugh Eccles. 
Seat, Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel.: Bn. Bangor (Down), 1770 ; Vise. B. 1781. 
—The 1st Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Co. Down. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5th) V.: 

Hon. Harriette Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Waller, 
b. 1856, mar. 1881 Maj. -Gen. Jno. Edmd. W. Res., 
Aughnacloy, Killiney, Co. Dublin. 
The deceased Henry S. Andrew IF., b. 1857, d. 1C60. 
Hon. Kathleen Annette Koran IF., b. 1859. 
Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Kennedy, 
b. i860, mar. 1883 Robt. Jno. K., Esq., C.M.G., q.v. 
The deceased Mary Henrietta IF., b. & d. i86z. 
The late Hon. Edward William Hy. IF., b. 1863, d. 1887. 
Hon. Emily Georgiana IF., b. 1S65. 
Hon. Maxwell Richard Crosbie IF., heir to Vis- 
county, Capt. R.A. and late serving on Staff in 
Canada, now an Instructor in Gunnery, 1st class : 
b. i363, mar. 1905 Agnes Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Dacre Hamilton, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Ward). Club, 
Army and Navy. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Bernard. ) 
Surviving issue of 3rd V. (bros. of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, 1). 1827, d. unmrrd. 1881.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1823.) 

Lt.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew W., C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Maj, -Gen. and Hon. Lt.-Gen., served in Crimea, 
retired 1S86, is Col. Suffolk Regt. : b. 1831, mar. 
1S73, 2nd wi f e, Laura, dau. of Maj. -Gen. Evan 
Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard IF.). Res., 
Staplecross, Christchurch, Hants. 
Capt. Hon. Somerset Richard Hamilton Augusta IF., 
formerly of 17th Foot, served in Crimea and 
Mutiny: b. 1833, mar. 1859 Norah Mary Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Lord George Augusta Hill, son of 
2nd M. of Downshire (Hon. Mrs. Somerset IF.). 
Res., Carrowdore Castle, Donaghadee R.S.O., Co. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. William IF. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
late Lt.-Col. Hon. Bichd. Hare, bro. of 2nd E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 the late Adm. Hon. Wm. 
Jno. ]F., of long nav. and diplom. service (d. 1900). 
BANKART, Staff-Surg. Arthur Reginald, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1898), M.B., R.N., late 
Surg. Ocean Steamship Co., now to Roy. Yacht 
' Victoria [and Albert,' and Hon. Phys. to H.M. : 
b. 1858. Club, Roy. Socs. 

BANKS, Knight. Sir John (Thomas) Banks, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1889), M.D., LL.D., D.Sc., a D.L. 
for Monaghan (High Sheriff 1891), an Hon. Phys. 
to H.M. in Ireld., andex-Pres. of Roy. Col. Phys. 
and Roy. Acad. Med. in Ireld. and of Brit. Med. 
Assoc., a memb. of Senate of Roy. Univ. : b. 1817, 
widower. Res., 45 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BANKS, Knight's Widow. Lady i?. (Eliza- 
beth Rathbone, dau of Jno. Elliott, Esq.), mar. 
1874 Sir Wm. Mitchell Banks, M.D., Emeritus 
Prof, of Anatomy in Univ. Coll. Liverpool (d. 
1904). Res., The Bungalow, Wallasey, Birken- 
head ; 28 Rodney St., Liverpool. 

BANKS, Capt. Henry John Archibald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hampshire Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1901, 
now anlnsp. in Army Ordn. Dept. : b. 1869. 

BANNERMAN, Baronet. Sir Alexander 
Bannerman, 11th Bt. {Scot. 1682), Capt. R.E., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902, now with Japanese 
Army : son of 10th Bt., b. 1871, sue. igoi. Heir 
pres., his 2nd cous. once rem. the under-mentioned 
Gen. William B., C.B. (2nd heir, latter' s son Capt. 
Wyndham Philip B., b. 1870). Res., changing. 

BANNERMAN, Baeonet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Anne Mary, dau. of the late Bichd. Brooke, 
Esq.), mar. 1869 Sir George Bannerman, loth 
Bt. (d. 1901). i?fs.,Brackley, Northants. 

BANNERMAN, Maj. Arthur D'Aecy 
Gordon, OLE. (1903), I.A., Assist, to Gov. -Gen. 's 
Agent in Centr. India: b. 1866. 

BANNERMAN, Gen. William, C.B. (Mil. 1S87), 
LA. Supermini. List ; Punjab, Persia, Mutiny, 

BAN Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAB, 127 

China, and Afghn.: b. 1828, heir to above 
Btcy. (gfc. nephew of 6th Bt.) lies., Cheltenham. 

and Knight. Bt. Hon. Sir Henry Campbell- 
Banner-man, B.C. (G. B. 1884, I. 188s), G.C.B. (Civ. 
1895), M.A., LL.D., M.P. for Stirling Burghs 
(L.), a D.L. for Kent, late Sec. for War, prev. for 
Ireland and to Admiralty: son of the late" Sir Jas. 
Campbell of Stracathro, b. 1836, assumed name 
of Bannerman 1872, mar. i860 Charlotte, dau. 
of the late Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. Bruce, K.C.B. 
Seat, Belmont Castle, Meigle, Perthsh. ; toivn res., 
29 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

BANTRY, Earldom of (Ireh 1816)— extinct 
from 1891 at death of 4th E. (surname White). 

Surviving Relatives. 
Daus. of 3rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilaun, b. 

1850, mar. 1871 1st Bn. A., q.v. 
Lady Ina Maude, now Ctss. Ferrers, b. 1853, mar. 

1885 10th Earl P., q.v. 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1854, d. 1891.) 
Lady Jane Frances Anna, now Lady J. Kenney- 
Herbert, b. 1857, mar. 1876 Edwd. Maxwell K.-H., 
Esq. Res., 3 Kent Gdns., Ealing, W. 

BANTRY, Earl's Widow (remrrd.). Countess 
of B. (now by 2nd mrrge. the Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, 1886, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2ndly, 1897— see "Trevor, Bn." 

BARBADOS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. William 
Proctor Swab?/, D.D., E.R.G.S., 5th Bp. (includ- 
ing Windward Is.), late Bp. of Guiana, was Yic. 
i)f Sunderld. 1884-93, author of various scient. and 
antiq. publications: b. 1844, cons, to Guiana 1893, 
cransl. 1900. Res., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BARBOUR, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1889), K.C.M.G. (1899), late 
Financ. Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on various Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home : b. 1841, 
aaar. 1883 Katherine Constance, dau. of the 
:ate Thos. Gribble, Esq. Bes., Tiltwood, Craw- 
.ey Down, Sussex. 

BARBY, Baroness von— see "Crowe, Kt.'s 

BARCLAY, Baronet. Sir David Edward 
Durell Barclay, 12th Bt. (Scot. 1668), formerly 
3apt. 19th Hussars, served in Egypt and Soudan : 
ion of 11th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1896, mar. 1889 
betitia, dau. of Hon. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, 
)ro. of 3rd Bn. Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. 
SJobert Cecil de Belzim (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
lext bro., Colville Adrian de Rune, M.V.O., 
is below). Bes., Parkhill, Bagshot, Surrey. 

BARCLAY, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Dady B. (Emily, dau. of the late Jas. E. Stacey, 
psq.), mar. 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir David W. 

'I Barclay, 10th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) Louise, Lady B. 
Melanie Louise, dau. of the late Mons. E. J. de 

Belzim, of Mauritius), mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. 

Sp. Barclay, nth Bt. (d. 1896). Bes., 6 Avenue 

itfarceau, Paris. 

BARCLAY, Knight. Sir Thomas Barclay, Kt. 

Bach. (1904), Ph.D., LL.B., Vice-Pres. of 

j nternat. Law Assoc. and Exam, in Jurispr. to 
)xfd. Univ., formerly Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of 

1 Commerce in Paris, was Paiis Corresp. of the 

| Times 1876-82, and is author of several works on 
aw and of articles in Encyc. Brit., &c. : b. 1853, 

i| Harried 1877 Marie Therese, dau. of R. Teauscher, 

jilsq., M.D., of Rio. Bes., 17 Rue Pasquier, 

I 'aris ; 115 Broadway, New York : chamb., 13 Old 

|!q., Line. Inn, W.C. 
BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cameron, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

j )ecies. 

BARCLAY, Colville Adrian de Rune, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Councillor Brit. Embassy 
at Paris : b. 1869 (son and 2nd heir of above i 
Bt.). Club, St. James's. 

BARCLAY, George Head, C.M.G. (1898), 
Counc. of Emb. at Budapest, late Sec. of the 
Brit. Legat. at Tokio, late to Emb. at Constanti- j 
nople, prev. at Washington, Rome, and Madrid : j 
b. 1862. Bes., Brit. Emb., Budapest. 

BARCLAY, Lt.-Col. Henry Albert, M.V.O. \ 
(4th Class, 1901), comdg. the King's OwnNorf. ! 
Imper. Yeom., a D.L. for Norfolk and Surrey : j 
b. 1858. Bes., Hanworth Hall, Norwich; The I 
Grange, Cromer. 

BARCLAY-, Robert Buchanan, I.S.O. (1902), ! 
a Gen. Supt. and Insp. Offr. of Health in Loc. ! 
Govt. Bd. Scotld. : b. 1843. 

BARHAM, Baron (U.K. 1805)— see "Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BARHAM, Knight. Sir George Barham, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), a C. C. for E. Sussex, Chmn. of 
Dairy Supply Co. and of Express Dairy Co., and 
a memb. of Milk Standards Cmttee. of Bd. of 
Agrie. igoo : b. 1836, mar. 1859 Margaret, dau. of 
the late Jarvis Rainey, Esq. Bes., Snape, Wad- 
hurst, Sussex; Danehurst, 112 Haverstock Hill, 

BARING, family name of the Northbrook 
and Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
and Revelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
lines as initialled : 

Hn.Alex.F.St.V.A. Hn. Evelyn, c. Hn. Lilian, a. 
Hn. Alex. Hy. a. Ly. Evelyn, r. Hn. Maurice, p.. 
Hn. Alice, n. Hn. Everard, r. Hn. Theresa C. a. 
Hn. AlmaMadel.A.Hn. Fras. Hy. n. Ly. Ulrica, r. 
Hn. Angela, a. Hn. Fredk. Arth.A Hn. Venetia, a. 
Hn. Aurea Vera, a. Ly. Grace Eliz. k. Hn. Violet, a. 
Hn. Caryl Ligby, a. Hn. Guy Vict. a. Hn. Windham, c. 
Ho. Cecil, r. Hn. Hugo, r. 

The kinship of the four houses is shown by the folig. 
table : 

Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt. 

2nd Bt. 1st Ashburton. Hy. Baring. 

I L_ ! 

1 1 ill 

Bn. Nthbk. 2 Ashbn. 3 Aslibn. 1 Bvlstk. Cromer. 

1st E. of Nthbk. 4 Ashbn. 2 Rvlstk. 

2nd E. of Nthbk, s Ashbn. 

BARING, Yiscount {U.K. 1876), a title of E. 
of Northbrook, borne by the heir when a son. 

BARKER, Knight. Gen. Sir George Digby 
Barker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1900), served in Persia 1857, 
Mutiny, and has comd. troops in China, and been 
Assist. Dir. of Mil. Educn. at Headqrs. and 
AA.G. and A.Q.M.G. for West Dist., was Gov. 
of Bermuda 1896-1902, ret. in latter year, is 
Col. Nth. Stafrords. Regt. : b. 1833, mar. 1902, 2nd 
wife, Katherine Weston, dau. of Edwd. G. Elwes, 
Esq. Res., The Priory, Clare R.S.O., Suffolk. 

BARKER, Col. George, C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Egypt 1882, Bechuanald. 1884-5, n °w Insp. of 
R.E. : b. 1849. 

BARKER, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Addington and wife of preceding. 

BARKER, Brig.-Gen. John Stewart Scott, 
C.B. (Mil. 1903), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1902. late an 
A.A.G. in Western Dist., now a Col. on Staff 
for R.A. Eastn. Comd. in India : b. 1853. Club, 
Nav. and Mil. 

BARKER, Rayner Childe, CLE. (1889), 
served as Engr. in Burma 1886-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Indo-Europ. 
Telegs. : b. 1858. Res., Teheran. 

BARKER, Maj. W. E., D.S.O. (1900-1), S. 

128 BAR Directory of Peerage, 


African Lt. Horse; Boer "War igoo-i. lies., 

BARKING, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. Suff. in St. Albans 
Dioc., Archdn. of Essex, prev. Yic. of Saffron 
Walden, Hon. Canon of St. Albans, and Rur. 
Dean of Barking : b. 1842, mar. 1866, cons. 1901. 
Res., Barking-, Essex. 

BARKLY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anne 
Maria, dau. of tlie late Maj .-Gen. Sir Thos. S. 
Pratt, K.C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd "wife, Sir Henry 
Barkly, G.C.M.G., formerly an M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898). 
Res., 1, Collingham PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

BARLING, Joseph, I.S.O. (1905), a Commissr. 
of Pub. Serv. Bd., N.S. W. 

BARLOW, Baronet of Fort William. Sir 
Hilaro William Wellesley Barlow, 5th 
Bt. [U.K. 1803), Lt.-Col. R.A. and Supt. of Roy. 
Laboratory at Woolwich Arsenal : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1861, sue. 1904, mar. 1891 Victoria Katherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hugh R. Hibbert. Sole heir, 
his son Richard Hugh (b. 1904). Res., 84 
Shooter's Hill Rd., Blaekheath, S.E. 

BARLOW, Baronet of WimpcU Street. Sir 
Thomas Barlow, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1902), K.C.V.O. 
(1901), M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.C.P., Prof, of 
Clin. Med. at Univ. Coll. and Phys. to the Hosp. 
attached, also Pii3's. to H.M.'s Househd., was 
Phys. Extraord. to Queen Victoria, author of 
numerous med. works : son of the late Jas. Bar- 
low, Esq., of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar. 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, Esq., 
W.S. Heir, his son James Alan Noel {b. 
1881 ; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Dalmahoy, b. 
1883). Res., Boswells, Wendover, Tring; 10 
Wimpole St., W. 
BARLOW, Bishop- see " Goulburn." 
BARLOW, Rear-Adm. Charles James, D.S.O. 
(1887), Egypt 1882, and Burma 1885-6, ent. R. N. 
1862, late 2nd in comd. of Home Eleet. 

BARLOW, Maj. Charles Wynn, D.S.O. (1905), 
Essex Begt. ; Nthn. Nigeria 1903, now comdg. 
Southn. Nigeria Regt. : b. 1868. 

BARLOW (EMMOTT-), Hon. Mrs. John, sist. 
of 3rd Bn. Denman. 

BARNABY, Knight. Sir Nathaniel Barnaht/, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1885), Vice-Pres. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, has been Dir. of Naval Construction : b. 
1829, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of Jno. Webber, 
Esq. Res., Bexhill-on-Sea, and Moray House, 
Belmont Hill, Lee, S.E. 

BARNARD, Baron. Henry De Vere Vane, 
9th Bn. {Eng.), B.A., D.C.L. (Hon.), barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, formerly in the 
Charity Commissn. and Lieut. N'thants. Mil. : son 
of Sir Henry M. Vane and a remote cousin of 8th 
Bn.,the 4th D. of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles be- 
came extinct at his death with the exception of 
this Barony; b. May 10, 1854; sue. 1891, and 
claim admitted 1892 {L.U.); mar. 1881 Lady 
Catherine Sarah Cecil, dau. of 3rd M. of Exeter. 
Seat, Raby Castle, Darlington; town res., 20 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnard, Eng. 1698.— The 1st Bn. was 
the Rt. Hon. Sir Christopher Vane, son of Sir Henry 
Vane, perhaps best known l>y the exclamation of 
Cromwell on dissolving the Long Parliament ; after- 
wards treacherously beheaded under Charles II. The 3rd 
Bn. was made Earl of Darlington, and the 3rd Earl 
became Duke of Cleveland— both titles extinct. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Vane. 

Issue of present {gth) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Cecil V., heir to Barony, Lieut. 3rd 
Batt. Durham L.I. (Mil. : b. 1882. 

Hon. Christopher William V., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 
Hon. Ralph Frederick V., b. 1891. 

Bro. and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1892) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1854.) 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Rennell, b. 1856, mar. 1891 Wm. Blackstone R., Esq. 
Res., 62 Eaton PI., S.W. 

Hon. William Lyonel V., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Durham L.I., late Maj. 1st 
(line) Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1859. 
mar. 1904 Lady Katharine Louisa Pakenham, dau. 
of 4th E. of Longford. Res., Thornfield, Darling- 

— S ists. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V. (Mary, dau. of the late E. B. 
Steedman, Esq ), mar. 1891 the late Rev. the Hon. 
Gilbert Holies Parrer V. (d. 1505). 
Lady Katharine V., wife of Hon. Wm. Lyonel V. 

BARNARD, Knight. Sir Herbert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), E.S.A., a banker, Chmn. Pub. 
Works Loan Commssn. : b. 1831, mar. 1854 Ellen, 
dau. of' the late Wm. Wyndham, Esq., M.P. 
Res., Burrows Lea, Shere, Guildford; 23 Port- 
land PL, W. 

BARNARD, Knight* s Widow. Lady B. 
(Julia, dau. of Capt. Edwards, R.N. ), mar. 1858 
Gen. Sir Charles Loudon Barnard, K.C.B. (d. 
1902). Res., Rockneld, White Cross Rd., Hereford. 

BARNARDISTON, Lady Florence, dau. of 
4th E. of Dartmouth (mother of two follg.). 

BARNARDISTON, Lt. - Col. Nathaniel 
Walter, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex 
Regt. ; S. Africa 1901-2, is Mil. Attache at 
Brussels, also for The Hague, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, and Christiania : b. 1858. Res., Biit. 
Legat., Brussels. 

BARNARDISTON, Capt. Samuel John 
Barrington, D.S.O. (1900-1), Suff. Regt.; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1875. 

BARNBY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Edith 
Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. J. W. Silver- 
thorne) , mar. 1878 Sir Jos. Barnby, Conductor 
of the Roy. Choral Soc. (d. 1896). Res., Ashurst 
Hill, Tunb. Wells : 91c Grosvenor Rd., S.W. 

BARNE, Lady Constance Adelaide, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BARNES, Knight (1). Sir Hugh Shake- 
spear Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), M.A., LL.D., lateLt.-Gov. of Burma, prev. 
Eor. Under Sec. to Ind. Govt., Ch. Commissr. 
in Baluchistan, Resid. in Kashmir, &c, now a 
memb. of Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1853, mar. 1894, 
2nd wife, Edith Helen, dau. of the late Rev. 
Regd. Barnes. Res., Govt. House, Rangoon and 

BARNES, Priv. Counc. and Knight (2). Rt. 
Hon. Sir John Gorell Barnes, P.C. (Gt. Br, 
1905), Kt. Bach. (1892), M.A., LL.D., is Pres. 
of the Probate and Divorce Ct., appd. Q.C. 1888 : 
b. 1848, mar. 1881 Mary Humpston, dau. of the 
late Thos. Mitchell, Esq., of W. Australia. Res., 
Stratford Hill, Stratfd. St. Mary, Suffolk, nr. 
Colchester; 14 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W. ; 
chambs. 649 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G, 
(1901), M.I.C.E.,Ch. Engr. of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900: b. 
1851. Res., 27 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BARNES, Col. Osmond, C.B. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supernum. List; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
1878-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed Qn. Victoria,, 
as Empress : b. 1834. Res., 40 Mount Park Rd.,, 
Ealing, W. 

BARNES, Capt. Reginald Walter Ralph,, 
D.S.O. (1900-1),' 4th Hussars, and Comdt. 2nd; 

BAB, Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAB 129 

Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, now 
A.D.C. to Vise. Kitohener : b. 1871. 

BARNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BARNETT, Maj. William Alexander, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), N. Stafforda. Regt. ; Zululd. 
1888, and Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1866. 

BARNEWALL, family name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BARNEWALL, Baronet. Sir Reginald 
Aylmer John de Barneval Barnewall, 10th Bt. 
{Irel. 1622), son of gth Bt„ b. (posthumous) and 
sue. 1838. Heir pres., possibly some nephew or 
gt. nephew of 8th Bt. Bes., 23 Cliveden PI., 
Eaton Sq., S.W. 

BARNHAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Consul at Aleppo, prev. Smyrna, Suakin, &c. : 
b. 1854. Bes., Brit. Consulate, Aleppo. 

BARODA, the Gaekwar of. H.H. Maharaja 
Sir Sayaji Rao, Bahadur, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chimnabai (H.H. the Maharani Gaekwar), C.I. 
Bes., Baroda, Western India. 
I BARR, Knight (1). Lt.-Col. Sir DavidWilliam 
IKeith Barr, K.C.S.I. (1902), I.A. Supermini. 
List; served in Abyssinia 1867-8, has been Resid. 
at Hyderabad, Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Centr. 
India, and Res. of Gwalior and Kashmir, now a 
memo, of Counc. of India: b. 1846, mar. 1871 
!l Constance, dau. of the late Maj. -Gen. J. G. Scott. 

BARR, Knight (2). Sir James Barr, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), M.D. 

I BARRAN, Baronet. Sir John Nicholson 
|Z?arra«, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1895), B.A., son of the 

late Jno. Barran, Esq., eld. son of 1st Bt. ; b. 
;|i872, sue. 1905, mar. 1902 Alice Margarita, dau. 

of the Rev. Leighton Parks, D.D., of New York. 
IpezV, his son John Leighton (b. 1904; 2nd heir, 

Bt.'s bro. Philip Austyn, b. 1876). Seat, Chapel 

Allerton Hall, Leeds; town res., 24 Queen's Gt., 


1 BARRAN, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Iuady B. (Eliza, dau. of Wm. Brown, Esq., of 

lelensburgh, and widow of Jno. Bilton, Esq.), 

nar. 1878, 2nd wife to 2nd husb., Sir Jno. 
Barran, 1st Bt., an M.P. i8;6-95 (d. 1905). 
BARRATT, Lt.-Col. William Cross, D.S.O. 

1897), LA., Soudan 1885, Zhob Valley, Wazir- 
[jstan, E. Africa 1895-8, China 1900 : b. 1862. 
1} BARRETT, Brig.-Gen. Arthur Arnold, C.B. 
Mil. 1903), LA., Afghn. 1879-80, Hazara 1888, 

ther Ind Expedns. 1891-8, now D.A.G. of the 

Torthern Comd. in India : b. 1857. 
I BARRETT, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th 
[jm. Kensington. 

I BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundreda, 
Ijau. of 9th E. of Cavan. 

I BARRETT (MOULTON-), Lt.-Col. Edward 
Ivlfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), Assist. Dir. of 

Iquipmt. and Ordn. Stores at Headqrs. ; Nile 
J U98, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BARRINGTON, family name of Viscounty of 

lat title. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 

prton Barrington, 5th Bt. {U.K. l83l),M.A.,a 
1 .L.. for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), Hon. 
j )1. Limerick City Artill. Mil. : son of 4th Bt., 
I 1848, sue. 1890, mar. 1895 Mary Rose, dau. of 

r Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. Heir, his son Charles 
! vcon (b. 1902; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Croker, b. 
: 51). Seat, Glenstal, Newport, Limerick. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet's Widow. Olivia, 
! idy B. (Elizabeth Olivia, dau. of Hy. Darley, 
|j q.), mar. 1859 Sir Wm. H. Barrington, 3rd 

Bt. (d. 1872). Bes., Clonkeen, Barrington's 
Bridge, Limerick. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (1) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward Barrinaton, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), a Princ. Clerk in For. Office 
late Priv. Sec. to M. of Lansdowne, prev. to E. 
of Iddesleigh and twice to M. of Salisbury, was 
attaohed to the Spec. Mission of latter and 
Lord Beaconsfleld to Berlin in 1878 : son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington and uncle of present Peer; b. | 
1847 (younger bro. of follg.), mar. 1879 Christina, 
dau. of the late Wm. Graham, Esq. {Hon. Lady 
Barrington). Bes., 62 Cadogan PI., S.W. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (2) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon Barrington, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), late Brit. Min. Plen. to Sweden, 
prev. to Argentina and Paraguay, formerly Sec. 
of Emb. at Madrid and Vienna, "and Cons.-Gen. 
at Buda-Pesth : son of 6th Vise. Barrington (see 
preceding;, b. 1842. Bes., 171$ Gt. Cumberland 
PL, W. 

BARRINGTON, Viscount. Walter Bulkeley 
Barrington, 9th Vise. {Irel.), sits as Bn. Shute 
{U.K.); a D.L. and C.C. for Berks., formerly 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds. and Capt. Oxfd. Mil. : 
son of 8th V. ; b. April 20, 1848; sue. 1901 (C.) ; 
mar., 1st, 1870, the late Mary Isabella (d. 1903), 
dau. of the late Rev. Richd. Bogue ; 2ndly, 1905, 
Charlotte Mary Leycester, widow of Jno. Arden 
Birch, Esq., and dau. of the late Maj. Geo. M. 
Stopford, R.E. Seat, Beckett, Shrivenham R.S.O., 
Berks. ; town res., 15 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., 

Creations. Vise, and Bn. Barrington, Irel. 1720; Bn. I 
Shute, U.K. i83o.— The 1st Peer, whose original name j 
was Shute, was M.P. for Berwick-upon-Tweed, but was 
expelled, after promotion to the Irish Peerage, on the 
charge of having taken part in the Harborough lottery. 
The 6th Visct. represented Berkshire 1837-57; the 7th 
was M. P. for Eye 1866-80 whilst only an Irish Peer, but 
obtained the U. t£. Barony in the latter year. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {gth) V. : 

Hon. Maude Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Eustace Fitz- 

Gerald, b. 1871, mar. 1889 Hon. Eust. Robt. BiUG., 

son of late Bn. FitzG., a.. v. 
Hon. Violet Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Hope Brooke, b. 

1372, mar. 1892 Jno. C. E. Hope B., Esq. Res., The 

Hill, Thorpe Mandeville, Banbury. 
Hon. William Reginald Shute B., heir to Viscty., 

Capt. 4th Batt. Oxfordsh. L.l. (Mil.): b. 1873. 

dub, Bachelors'. 
Hon. Hilda Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Reginald ; 

Curtii, b. 1874, mar. 1894 Lt.-Col. Regd. Salmond 

C, D.S.O., R.E„ q.v. 
Hon. ( Walter) Bernard Louis B., 2nd heir, b. 1876, mar. 

1901 Eleanor Nina, dau. of his Honour Judge 

Sir Thos. W. Snagge (Hon. Mrs. Bernard B.). 

Re\, 2 Sumn*r Terr., Onslow Sq., S.W. j 
Hon. Rupert Edward Seiborne B., served in S. : 

Africa 1900- 1, now Hon. Lieut, in Army : b. 1877, ! 

mar. 1903 Mary Georgina, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. j 

A. and Hon. Mrs. Ferguson ( tlon. Mrs. Rupert B.j. ! 
Hon. Percy Evelyn B., 2nd Lieut. 2nd Co. of Lond. ' 

Imper. Yeom., b. 1884. 

Issue of 8th V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Alice Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. George Campbell, 
b. 1846, mar. 1868 Geo. Aug. C, Esq. Res., The : 
Market House, Brackley, N'thants. ; 46 Wilton I 
Cresc., S.W. 

(Present Viscount, b. 1848.) 

Hon. Edith, now Hon. Mrs. Abraham Robaris, b. j 
1850, mar. 1869 Abrm. Jno. R., Esq. Res., Tile ! 
House, Buckingham ; 29 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. > 

Issue of yth V. (1st cousins of present) : 

Hon. Constance Mary, now Constance, Lady Hal- 1 
don (q.v., Widow), b. 1847, mar. 1868 Lawrence 1 
H. Palk, Esq., aftds. 2nd Bn. H. (d. 1903). 




Directory of Peerage, 


Hon. Evelyn Laura, now Dow. Ctss. of Craven (q.v.), 
b. 4848. mar. 1867 3rd Earl of C. (d. 1883). 

Hon. Florence B., a Sist. of the Community of 
St. Mary the Virgin, b. 1850. Res., St. Mary's 
Home, Wantage, Berks. 

Surviving issue of 5th V. (uncles and aunts of pres.) : 
(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1824, d: 1886.) 
(The late 8th Viscount, b. 1325, d. 1901.) 
Hon. Mary Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Alfred Sar- 

toris, b. 1830, mar. 1856 Alfd. S., Esq. Res., 17 

Queen's Gt. PI., S.W. 
Hon. Caroline Susan Augusta, now Dow. Ctss. of 

Normanton, q.v., b. 1834, mar. 1856 3rd Earl of N. 

(d. 1896). 

Hon. Augusta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Maclagan, b. 1836, mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, the Most 
Rev. Wm. Dalrymple M., Abp. of York, q.v. 
' Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon B., K.C.M.G., 
b. 1842— see " Barrington, Kt. (2)." 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward B., K.C.B., b. 1847, 
—sec " Barrington, Kt. (1)." 

Dau.-in-law of $th V. (gt. aunt of present) : 
(The late 6th Viscount, h. 1793, d. 1867.) 
Hon. Mrs. Henry B. (Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 

late Cant. Wright Knox;, mar. 1848 the late Hon. 

Henry Fredk. Fras. Adair B. (d. 1882). 

BARRINGTON, Charles George, C.B. (Civ. 
1887), Gent. Usher of the Scarlet Rod (to Order of 
the Bath), formerly Assist. Sec. to Treasury and 
Aud. of Civ. List : b. 1827 (grandson of 5th 
Vise). Res., 13 Morpeth Mansns., Victoria 

St., s.w. 

BARROW, Baronet. Sir Francis Laurence 
John Barrciv, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1835), son of 3rdBt., 
b. 1862, sue. 1900, mar. 1830 Winifred Sarah, 
dau. of the late Wm. C. Steward, Esq. Heir, his 
son AVilfrid John Wilson Croker (b. 1897; 
2nd heir, next son, Alfred Francis Lendon, b. 
1904). lies., Ulverston, Westby Rd., Boscombe, 

***■ The 1st Baronet, Sir Jno. Barrow, a distinguished 
traveller and author, was Secretary to the Admiralty 
and founder of the Royal Geographical Society. 

BARROW, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Rosamond Hester Elizabeth, dau. of the 
late Wm. Pennell, Esq., and adopted dau. of Rt. 
Hon. Jno. Wilson Croker), mar. 1832 Sir Geo. 
Barrow, 2nd Bt. (d. 1876). Res., .Ulverston Cottage, 
EastMolesey, Surrey.— (2) Emily, Lady B. (Emily 
Jane, dau. of the late Jas. N. Merriman, Esq., 
M.D.), mar. 1857 Sir John Croker Barrow, 3rd 
Bt. (d 1900). Res., Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BARROW, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Edmund 
George Barrow, K.C.B. (Mil. 1901), I.A., Col. 
7th Rajputs :served in Afghanistan 1870, Egypt, 
Tirah 1897, and as Ch. Staff Offr. in China, late 
Mil. Sec. to Govt, of India, now comdg. 1st 
Div. Northn. Comd. in India : b. 1852, mar. 1882 
Marion Letitia, dau. of the late Rev. W. Story. 
Res., Peshawar. 

BARROW-in-FURNESS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
Henry Ware, D.D., Bp. Suff. in Carlisle Dioc. 
and Canon of Carlisle, formerly Vic. and Rur. 
Dean of Kirkby Lonsdale : b. 1830, cons. 1889, 
mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Res., The Abbey, Carlisle ; 
How Foot, Grasmere. 

BARRY, Baronet. Sir Francis Tress Barn/, 
istBt. {U.K. 1899), M.P. for Windsor (C), aD.L. 
for Caithness, is Baron de Bany in Portugal, 
formerly Vice-Cons, for Prov. of Biscay and 
Cons.-Gen. in Gt. Brit, for Ecuador : son of the 
late Chas. Bany, Esq., of Orpington; b. 1825, 
mar. 1851 Sarah Douglas, dau. of the late Arthur 
Herron, Esq. Heir, his son Edward Arthur 
(b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Claude Francis, b. 
1883). Scats, St. Leonard's Hill, Windsor ; Keiss 

Castle, Wick, Caithness; town res., 1 Sth. Audley 

BARRY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Alfred Barry, 
D.D., D.C.L., late 3rd Bp. of Sydney (1884-9), 
Being also Metropol. of N.S. Wales and Piimate 
of Australia, &c. (then styled "Most Rev.")- prtv. 
Princ. of King's Coll. London and Canon of West- 
minster, now Canon of Windsor and Bp. Assist, 
to Bp. of London: b. 1826, mar. 1851. Res., 
The Cloisters, Windsor Castle. 

BARRY, Knight (1). Sir Jacob Dirk Barry, 
Kt. Bach. (1878) , B. A. , late memb. of Ct. of Appeal 
at Cape Town, formerly Judge of Supr. Ct., also 
an M.L.A. and senior M.E.C., has twice been Ad- 
ministrator of Griqualand : b. 1832, widower. 
Bes., The Hawthorns, Grahamstown, Cape Col. 

BARRY, Knight (2) . Sir John Edmond Barry, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), formerly a merchant in Dublin 
and Wexford and Pres. of Dublin Chamb. of 
Commerce, is a memb. of Bd. of Superintendence 
Dublin Hosps. and Gov. of Royal Hibern. Mil. 
Sch. : b. 1828, mar. 1849 Teresa, dau. of the 
late Jno. Keefe, Esq. Res., 12 Mountjoy Sq., 

BARRY, Knight (3)— see ' ' Barrv. Wolfe-." 
BARRY, Hon. Mrs. Charles, sist. of 4th Vise. 

BARRY, Lady Grace, dau. of 7th E. of 

BARRY, Eear-Adm. Henry Deacon, C.V.O. 
(1905), Adm. Supt. of Portsmth. Dockyard: b. 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. James David, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Cianmorris. 

BARRY, Maj. Stanley Leonard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 10th Hussars, Assist. Mil. Sec. to Lt.- 
Gen. Sir J. D. P. French; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1873 (a son of above Bt.). 

BARRY (SMITH-), family name of Barry- 
more Barony, q.v. for Hon. Dorothy. 

BARRY (SMITH-) , Lady Charlotte Jane, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Emiiskiilen. 

BARRY (WOLFE-), Knight. Sir John Wolfe 
Wolfe-Barry, K.C.B. (Civ. 1897), LL.D., F.R.S., 
F.Roy. Inst., M.I.C.E. (Past Pres.), M.I.M.E., a 
D.L. for Co. London, Aid. of Westmr., Engr. of 
the Tower Bridge, Blackfriars Rail. Bridge, Kew 
Bridge, the Bany Docks, &c. ; completed the 
Inner Circle Rail, and built St. Paul's Station ; 
Consg. Engr. to the N. E., Caledonian, S. E., 
Metrop., and other Rails., and to Bombay and- 
Durban Port Trusts, Chmn. Eastern Teleg. Co., 
Brit. Repres. on Suez Canal Commssn., and a 
memb. of numerous Home Commssns., Lt.-Col. 
Engr. and Rail. Vol. Staff Corps, a Crown Memb. 
of Senate Lond. Univ. (for four years from May 
1903) : son of the late Sir Chas. Barry, R.A., b. 
1836, mar. 1874 Rosalind Grace, dau. of the late 
Rev. E. E. Rowsell ; assumed the surname Wolfe 
1898. Res., Balmains, Stanley R.S.O., Perthsh. ; 
23 Delahay St., Westminster, S.W. 

BARRYMO RE, Baron. Arthur Hugh 
Smith-Barry, 1st Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Irel. 1896), 
aD.L. and Co. Aid. for Hivnts., was High Sheriff 
of Cheshire 1S83 and Cork 1886, is a D.L. for i| 
latter Co. also, late an M.P., and has been 
Chmn. of Nat. Union of Conserv. Assocs. : son of 
Jas. Hugh Smith-Barry, Esq., and a descendant, 
of 4th E. of Barrymore (extinct line) ; b. Jan. 17, 
1843; cr.Bn. 1902 {€'.); mar., 1st, 1868, the late Lady 
Mary Frances Wyrulham-Qinn (d. 1884), dau. of 
3rdE. of Dunraven;2ndly, 1889, Elizabeth, dau. of 
the late Gen. Jas. Wadsworth, of New York, and 
widow of Arthur Post, Esq. No heir. Seats, Fota 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 



Island, Queenstowii, Co. Cork; Marbury Hall, 
Northwich, Cheshire; town res,, 20 Hill St., 
Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Barrymore, 1902.— An Irish 
Earldom of Barrymore existed from 1628 till 1824 as 
noted under our list of Extinct Peerages. The present 
Baron is descended from the youngest son of the 4th 
Earl, his grandfather having been a natural son of a 
grandson of that Peer. The compound name was 
assumed by royal licence in 1821 by the present Baron's 
grandfather for himself, his issue, and brothers and 



The deceased James Hugh S.-B., b. 1870, d, 1871. 
Hon. Geraldine, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Overend, b. 

1869, mar. 1893 Henry B. Lethain 0., Esq. Res., 

Thornfield, Donnyhrook, Dublin. 


Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth S.-B., b. 1894. 

BARTER, Col. Charles St. Leger, C.V.O. 
(1904), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late comdg. 2nd Yorks. 
L.I. ; Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
1901, was Mil. Sec. to High Commissr. 1894-5. now 
A.Q.M.G. Welsh Midld. : b. 1856. Bes., Chatham. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Capt. Hugh John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1901: b. 

BARTLETT, Maj. Edwin, D.S.O. (1902), late 
N.Z. Mtd. Rifles ; S. Africa 1900-2. 

BARTLETT, Herbert Folgerstrom, I.S.O. 
(1902), Contr. of Stamps and Registrar of Jt. 
Stk. Comps., late Sec. to Bd. Inld. Rev. : b. 1847. 
Bes., 22 Cedars Rd., Clapham Common, S.W. 

BARTLETT (ASHMEAD-), Knight's Widow. 
Lady A.-B. (Frances Christina, dau. of Hy. E. 
Walsh, Esq.), mar. 1874 Sir Ellis Ashmead- 
Bartlett, M.P. (d. 1902). Bes., Grange House, 
Eastbourne ; 2 Queen's Gt. Terr., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARTLEY, Knight. Sir George Christopher 
Trout Bartley, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), M.P. for Nth. 
Islington (C), founder of the Nat. Penny Bank 
and author of pamphlets on Thrift, formerly Sci. 
Exam, at S. Kens. : b. 1842, mar. 1864 Mary Char- 
lotte, dau. of the late Sir Hy. Cole. Bes., St. 
Margaret's House, 57 Victoria St., S.W. 

BARTON, Knight (1). Sir John George 
Barton, Kt. Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1900), M.I.C.E., 
Fell. Inst, of Surveyors, Commissr. for Valuation 
in Ireld. and Bd. of Trade Arbitrator for Lt. 
Rails, there : b. 1850. Bes.. Altan Grange, Fox- 
rock, Co. Dublin; Valuation Office, Ely PL, 

BARTON, Priv. Counc. and Knight (2). Rt. 
Hon. Sir Edmund Barton, P.O. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
G.C.M.G. (1902) ; M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., late 
Prime Minister of the Australian Federation 
(first to hold the office), now Sen. Puisne Judge of 
Federal High Ct., was Attorn.-Gen. inN.S. Wales 
1889 and 1891-3 and Speaker Leg. Assemb. 1883-7, 
late K.C. : b. 1849, Tdav. 1877 Jean Mason, dau. of 
David Ross, Esq . Bes., Mianetta, Milson's Point, 
Sydney, N.S.W. 

BARTON, Maj. Charles Gerard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1 ), late Roy. Lane. Regt.; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. i860. Bes., East Leigh, Havant, Hants. 

BARTON, Capt. Charles Walter, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N'thants. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 

BARTON, Francis Rickman, CM G. (1905), 
Admin, of Govt, in Brit. New Guinea. 

BARTON, Maj. -Gen. Geoffry, C.B. (Mil. 
1889), C.M.G. (1900-1), Ashanti 1873-4, S.Africa 
1879, Egypt, &c, has been Assist. Mil. Sec. in 
China, late A.A.G. in N.W. Dist., eomd. 6th Brig, 
in Boer War 1899-1902, ret. 1904, is Col. Roy. 
Fus. : b. 1844. Club, U. Serv. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Hugh, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARTON, Col. Maurice Charles, D.S.O. 
(1899), R.E. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-9, Akha 1883-4, 
Burma 1885-7, Isazai, Chitral Relief, and N.W. 
Front. 1897-8 : b. 1852. 

BARTON. Hon. Mrs. Thomas, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet. Sir Walter Bal- 
four Barttelot, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1875), Lieut. Cold- 
strm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly as 
an A.D.C. : son of 2ndBt., b. 1880, sue. 1900, mar. 
1903 Gladys St. Aubyn, dau. of Capt. Wm. C. An- 
gove, R.N.R. Heir, his son Walter de Stop- 
ham (b. 1904; 2nd heir, next son, b. 1905)- Seat, 
Stopham House, Pulborough R.S.O., Sussex. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady B. (Georgiana Mary, dau. of the late Geo. 
Edmd. Balfour, Esq., of Sidmouth), mar., 1st, 
1879, Maj. Sir Walter G. Barttelot, 2nd Bt. (d. on 
service in S. Africa, 1900) ; 2ndly, 1902, Beville 
Molesworth St. Aubyn, Esq. — retaining title by 
right. Bes., Toat Farm, Pulborough, Sussex. 

BASHYAM— see "Aiyangar, Sir Bhashyam." 

BASING, Baron. George Limbrey Sclater- 
Booth, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.B. (Mil. 1902), B.A., 
Col. comdg. 1st Drgns., served in S. Africa 1899- 
1902: son of 1st Bn. ; b. Jan. l, i860 ; sue. 1894 
(O.); mar. 1889 the late Mary (d. 1904), dau. of 
the late Jno. Hargreaves, Esq. Seat, Hoddington 
House, Winchfield, Hants, (let) ; club, Nav. and 

Creation. Bn. Basing, U.K. 1887.— The ist Bn. was 30 
years M.P. for Hants., and held several Ministerial 
offices, including that of President of the Local Govern- 
ment Board ; was also F.R.S. He was the son of Wm. 
Lutley Sclater, and assumed in 1857 the additional name 
of Booth. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. .John Limrrey Robert S.-B., heir to Barony, 

b. 1890. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Charles.) 
Hon. Joan Penelope S.-B., b. 1892. 
Hon. Lydia Joyce S.-B., b. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Charles Lutley S.-B., barrister-at-law, b. 1862, 

mar. 1900, as 2nd husb., Ellen Geraldine, dau. 

of Geo. Jones, Esq., of Mitton Manor, Staffs., and 

widow of W. Tudor Frere, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles 

S.-B. ). Res., Basing House, Basingstoke, Hants. 
Hon. Walter Dashwood S.-B., Maj. R.F.A.,b. 1869. 

Club, Army and Navy. . 
Hon. Theodora Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Remington 

White- Thomson, mar. 1889 Rem. Walter W.-T., 

Esq. Res., Eton Coll., Windsor. 
Hon. Penelope Magdalen, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 

Bovill, mar. 1886 Chas. A. B., Esq. Res., Smeeth 

Paddocks, Ashford, Kent. _ 
Hon. Lydia Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Frank 

Walkinshaw, mar. 1303 Frank Esq. Res., 

Belswood, Winchfield, Hants. 
Hon. Eleanor Birch, now Hon. Mrs. Wilson Fox, 

mar. 1898 Hy. Wilson J?., Esq. .Res.,4 Halkin St.,S.W. 
Hon. Amy Cicely, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Marshall, 

mar. 1893 Fras. M. , Esq. Res. , z Chesham PL, S.W. 

BASS, family name of Burton Barony. No 
issue of the name. (For Hon. Mrs. Hamar B., 
now Shaw, see " Bagot," 3rd Bn.) 

BASS, Lady (Wilmot Ida) Noreen, dau. of 
13th E. of Huntingdon. 

BATE, Col. Thomas Elwood Lindesay, 
CLE. (1902), I.M.S., Insp.-Gen. of Prisons in 
Punjab, formerly Civ. Surg, at Gujerat : b. 1852. 
Bes., Lahore, Punjab. 

L 2 

132 BAT Directory 

BATEMAN, Baron. William Spencer Bate- 
man- Hanbury, 3rd Bn. {U.K.), formerly Capt. 
2nd Life Gds., served in Egypt 1882: son of 2nd 
Bn. ; b. Sept. 30, 1856; sue. 1901 (C); mar. 1904 
Mrs. Henry Cabot Knapp, dau. of Jas. J. Graham, 
Esq., of New York. Seat, Shobdon Ct., Shobdon 
B.S.O., Herefordsb. 

Creation. Bn. Batoman, UK. 1837.— An Irish Viscty. 
of Bateman having become extinct, William Hanbury, 
who succeeded to the estates and assumed the additional 
surname of Bateinan, was awarded this U.K. Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bateman-IIanbury. ) 
Surviving issue of 2nd B n. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Maud Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Archibald 
Parker, b. 1855, n«ar. 1890 Rev. the Hon. Archib. P., 
son of 6th E. of Macclesfield, q.v. 
(Present Baron, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Evelyn Augusta, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Foster, 

b. 1858, mar. 1884 Robt. Jno. F., Esq. Res., Har- 

rowins, Queensbury, Bradford, YorKs. ; Stockeld 

Pk., AVetherby, same Co. 
Hon. Edward Reginald R.-H., heir pres. to Barony, 

a D.L. for Herefordsh., Maj. 4th Batt. Rifle Brigade 

retd. : b. 1859. 
Hon. Gertrude Emily, now Hon. Mrs. John Wood, 

b. i860, mar. 1892 Jno. W., Esq. Res., H engrave 

Hall, Bury St. Edmds. ; Whitfield, Glossop, 

Derbysh. ; 90 Eaton Sq., .S.W. 
I Hon. Agnes Rosamond R.-H., b. 1866. 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Mark Howell, 

b. 1870, mar. 1905 T. Mark //., Esq. 
Hon. Rachel Anne Selina Decima, now Hon. Mrs. 

Hill Wood, b. 1875, mar. 1899 Sam!. Hill W. Esq. 

Res., Moorfield, Glossop, Derbysh.; Oakley Pk., 

Eye, Suffolk; 9 Upp. Belgrave sat. S.W. 
Hon. Charles Stanhope Melville R.-H., 2nd heir, a 

D.L. for Norfolk and Norwich, Lieut. Norf. Imper. 

Yeom.: b. 1877. Res., Breckels Hall, Attleborough, 


Issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of present) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Whyte-Melville- 
Runcan, b. 1825, mar. 1890, 2nd hush., Leslie Fraser 
Duncan, Esq., who in 1903 assumed the additl. 
names of her pre v. husb. Res., 54 Upper Brook 
St., W. 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1901.) 

Hon. Chas. Spencer Ratema 11- Hanbury- Kincaid-Len- 
nox ("Hon. Spencer Hanbury"), M.A., a D.L. for 
Co. Hereford, late also Stirling, formerly Capt. 2nd 
Life Gds., A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (E. of 
Eglinton), and an M.P. ; assumed addit. names of 
Kincaid-Lennox 1802; b. 1827, mar., 1st, 1861, Dow. 
Vctss. Strangford (d. 1892) ; zndly, 1S93, Rosa, dau. 
of the late Boyd Alex. 'Cuningtiame, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Spencer Hanbury). Res., 63 Montagu Sq., W. 

Rev. the Hon. Arthur Allen R.-H., M.A., Pre b. of 
Hereford : b. 1829, widower. Res., The Rectory, 
Shobdon R.S.O., Herefs. 

Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, now The Lady Northwick 
(q.v.), b. 1832, mar. 1869, 2nd husb., the late 3rd 
and last Bn. Northwick (d. 1887). 

Hon. Louisa Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. de Vismes 
Kane, b. 1837, mar. 1902, 2nd wife to 2nd husb., 
AVm. F. de Vismes A"., Esq. Res., Drumreaske 
House, Monaghan. 

j BATEMAN, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
I Lady B. (Agnes Bun ell, dau. of Gen. Sir Edwd. 
j Kerrison, 1st Bt., G.C.H., K.C.B.), mar. 1854 2nd 
I Bn. Bateman (d. 1901). lies., Oakley Pk., Suffk.. 
Scole R.S.O. ; Brome Hall, Eye, same Co. 

BATEMAN, Knight. Sir Alfred Edmund 
Bateman, K.C.M.G. (1900), E.R.S.S. (Pres. 1897), 
barrister-at-law, Chmn. of Bd. of Trade Advi- 
sory Cmttee. on Commerc. In tell., late Comptr.- 
Gen. to that Dept.; has been Sec. or Brit. Deleg. 
to various Commssns. &c. : b. 1844, mar. 1868 
Edith Ellen, dau. of the late Jas. E. Hobson, Esq. 
Res. Woodhouse, Wimbledon Pk., S.W.; 7 White- 
hall, Gdns., S.W. 

of Peerage, BAT 

BATEMAN, Edward Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1898), 
B.A., barrister-at-law, late Assist.-Sec. to Eccle- 
siast. Commissrs. : b. 1834. Res., Rowditch 
Lodge, Derby ; 47 Duke Street, St. James's, S.W. 

BATEMAN, Hon. Mrs. John, aunt of present 
E. of Lathom. 

BATEMAN-SCOTT, Lady (or " Bateman and 
Scott ")— see " Scott, Bts.' Wids." 

BATES, Baronet. Sir Percy Elly Bates, 4th 
Bt. {U.K. 1880), son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 
3rd, b. 1879, sue. 1903. Heir pres., his bro. Cecil 
Robert, Lieut. R.A. (b. 18S2 ; 2nd heir, next bro., 
Frederic Alan, b. 1884). Seats, Gym Castle, 
Mostyn, Elints. ; Beechenhurst, Allerton, Liver- 

BATES, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance Elizabeth, dau. of the late Saml. B.Graves, 
Esq., M.P.), mar. 1876 Sir Edwd. Percy Bates, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1899). K es -> with present Bt. 

BATES, Col. Charles Loftus, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Northumbd. Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1863. Res., The 
Spital, Hexham, N'thumb. 

BATESON, Hon. Mrs. Samuel (Florinda), 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Castlemaine. 

BATESON ( DE- YABBURGH-) , family name 
of Deramore Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BATH, Marquess of. Thomas Henry Thynne 
(pron. Tine), 5th Marq. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., 
Lord Lieut, of Somersetsh.,Maj.andHon. Lt.-Col. 
Wilts. Imper. Yeom., appd. 1905 Under Sec. for 
India, late an M.P. (as Vise. Weymouth) : son of 
4th M. ; b. July 16, 1862 ; sue. 1896 {€.); mar. 1890 
Violet Caroline, dau. of Sir Chas. Mordaunt, 10th 
Bt. Seat, Longleat, Warminster, Wilts. ; town 
res., 29 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Cre vtions. Eng. : A Bt. 1641 ; Vise. Weymouth and 
Bn. Thynne, 1682. Gt. Br. : M. of Bath, 1789.— The 2nd 
Bt., who was several years in Parliament, was created 
Vise. Weymouth; the 3rd Vise, who had married a 
(laughter of the 2nd Duke of Portland, obtained the 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {$th) 31. : 

Lady Alice Kathleen Violet T., to. 1891. 
Lady Emma Marjory T., b. 1893. 
Vise. Weymouth, heir to Marquessate: John Alex- 
ander T., b. 1895. 
Lady Mary Beatrice T., b. 1903. 
Lord Frederick Henry T., 2nd heir, b. 1905. 

Surviving issue of 4th M. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

(Present Marquess, b. i86s.) 

Lady Alice Emma, now Lady A. Shaiv- Stewart, b. 
1864, mar. 1883 Sir Mich. Hugh S.-S., M.P., 8th Bt., 


Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa, now Ctss. of 
Cromer, b. 1865, mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, 1st Earl of 
C, q.v. 

Lady Beatrice T., b. 1867 (twin with dec. bro. Ld. 

Lord Alexander George T., Capt. Wilts. Imper. 
Yeom., served in 8. Africa 1900-2, late L.C.C. : b. 
1873. Address, 4 Plowden Kdgs., Temple, E.G. 

Dau. of 3rd M. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1831, d. 1896.) 
Lady Louisa Isabella Harriet, now Lady L. Feildingi 
b. 1834, see "Feilding, Kt.'s Wid." 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Ulrica Frederica Jane T., nde St. Maur, dau. of 
12th D. of Somerset, K.G.,b. 1833, mar. 1858 the late 
Rt. Hon. Ld. Henry Fredk. T. (d. 1904). Res., 
Muntham Ct., Worthing; 30 Grosvenor Gdns. S.W. 


BATH, Marquess's Widow. Dowager Mar- 
chioness op B., nee Hon. Frances Isabella 
Catherine Vesev. dau. of 3rd Vise, de Vesci, b. 
1840, mar. 1861 4th M. of Bath (d. 1896). Bes., 15 
Manchester Sq., W. 

BATH and WELLS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
George Wyndham Kennion, D.D., 70th Bp., 
York Dioc. Insp. of Schools 1871-3, Vic. of All 
Saints, Bradford, 1876^82 and Bp. of Adelaide 
i"882-94, has also been Lect. in Pastoral Theol. and 
Bamsden Preacher at Cambridge : b. 1845, cons. 
1882, transld. 1894, ent. Lords 1899 (Indep.), mar. 
1882. Res., The Palace, Wells, Somerset.— Assist. 
Bishop, see " Stirling." 

BATHURST, family name of Earldom of that 
title, q.v. for "Hons." and Lady Meriel, see also 

BATHURST, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Edward Camidge, D.D., 2nd Bp., formerly Vic. 
and Rur. Dean of Thirsk and Preb. and Canon 
of York : b. 1838, cons. 1887, mar. 18—. Res., 
Bishop's Ct., Bathurst, N.S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl. Seymour Henry Bathurst, 
7th Earl (Gt.Br.), C.M.G.(igo2), a D.L. and C.C. 
'or Gloucestersh., Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
4th Batt. Glouc. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900: son of 6th E.; b. July 21, 1864; sue. 1892 
(C.) ; mar. 1893 Lilias Margaret Frances Borth- 
wick, dau. of Bn. Glenesk. Seat, Cirencester 
House, Cirencester; town res., 22 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bathurst, 1712 ; Bn. Apsley, 
1771; Earl Bathurst, 1772.— Allen Bathurst, M.P., son 
of Sir Benj. Bathurst, Cofferer to Queen Anne, was made 
Bn. and Earl Bathurst, whilst his 2nd sou. who became 
Lord Chancellor and eventually succeeded his father, 
was on his appointment created Bn. Apsley. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (jth) E, : 

Lady Meriel Olivia B., b. 1894. 

Lord Apsley, heir to Earldom : Allen Algernon B., 
h. 189s. 

Hon. William Ralph Seymour B., 2nd heir, h. 1903. 
Hon. Ralph Henry B., b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bros., sist., and half- 
sist. of present) : 


Lady Georgina Meriel, now Lady Georgina Buchanan, 
b. 1863, mar. 1885 Sir George Wm. if., K.C.V.O., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1864.) 

Hon. Lancelot Julian B., b. 1868. Res., 41 Lowndes 
Sq., S.W. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin B., M.P. for Cirencester Di v. 
(C ), Capt. and Hon. Maj. in Glouc. Mil., served in 
S. Africa 1900, was Parliam. Priv. Sec. (unpaid) to 
the late Postmr. -Gen.: b. 1872, mar. 1902 Augusta 
< Ruby, dau. of Lord Edward Spencer- Churchill, son 
of 6th D. of Marlborough (Hon. Mrs. Benjamin B.). 
Res., Dyer Street House, Cirencester : ; 28 Grosvenor 
St., W. 


Lady Evelyn Selina, now Lady E. Lister, b. 187s, 
mar. 1898 the late Maj. Geo. Coryton L., son of Sir T. 
Villiers Lister, K.C.M.G. (d, 1903). Res., soWarwick 
Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess B. (Evelyn Elizabeth dau. of Geo. J. B. 
Hankey. Esq.), mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl 
Bathurst (d. 1892). Res., St. Hilda, Sea View, 
Etyde, I.W. ; 41 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 
I BATHURST, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
3n. Ludlow. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Frederick Edward William Eervey-Bathurst, 
,thBt. ( U.K. 1818) , Capt. Gren. Gds., served in 
file Expedn. 1898 and in S. Africa 1900 : son of 
.th Bt., b. 1870, sue. 1900, mar. igoi the under- 
mentioned Hon. Lady Hervey-Bathurst. Heir, 

BAY 133 

his son Frederick Peter Methuen (b. 1903 ; 2nd J 
heir, Bt's bro. Felton Rainald George, b. 1871). 
Seat, Somborhe Pk., Stockbridge R.S.O., Hants. 

BATHURST (HER VEY-), Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady II.-B. (Ada, dau. of Sir Jno. S. 
Ribton, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1869 Lt.-Col. Sir Fredk. T. 
A. Hervey-Bathurst, 4th Bt., an M.P. 1861-5 (d. 
1900). Res., 69 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Hon. Lady, wife of 
above Bt. and dau. of 14th Bn. Inchiquin, q.v. 

BATSON, Col. Herbert, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
Devon Regt. retd. (1904) ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 

BATTEN, Col. John Mount, C.B. (Civ. 1903), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.) retd., 
a Co. Aid. for Dorset (High Sheriff 1903) ; S. Africa 
1902: b. 1843. Res., Upcerne, Dorchester ; Morn- 
in^ton Lodge, W. Kens., W. 

BATTEN (CHISHOLM-), Rear-Adm. Alex- 
ander William, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late 
A.D.C. toH. M. : b. 1851. 

BATTENBERG— see Roy. Fam. and its Index. 

BATTERSEA, Baron. Cyril Flower, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Lieut, for 
City of London and late Lieut. Bucks. Imper. 
Yeom. ; an M.P. 1880-92, and has been Junior 
Lord of the Treasury : son of Philip W. Flower, 
Esq., of Streatham; b. Aug. 30, 1843; cr. Bn. 1892 
(L.) ; mar. 1877 Constance, a memb. of League of 
Mercy, dau. of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, 1st Bt. 
Heir, none. Seat, The Pleasaunce, Overstrand, 
Cromer; town res., Surrey House, 7 Marble Arch, 

Creation. Bn. Battersea,!/^. 1392.— No titled relatives. 

BATTYE, Maj.-Gen. Arthur, C.B. (Mil. 

1881) , LA. Supernum. List; Oudh 1858, N. W. 
Frontier 1864, Hazara 1868, Lushai 1871-2, and 
Afghn. 1878-80 : b. 1839. 

BATTYE, Capt. Clinton Wynyard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L. I.; Boer War 1899-1900: 
b. 1874. 

BAUCHOP, Lt.-Col. Artiyur, C.M.G. (1902), 1 
7th New Zeald. Contingt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1871. Res., Port Chalmers, N.Z. 

BAUGHAN, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 

1882) , Assist. Dir. of Transports at Admiralty : b. 
1834. Res., 1 Acacia Gdns., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

BAVARIA, H.R.H. the Regent of (Prince 
Luitpoid Carl Joseph Wiihelm Ludwig), G.C.B. 
(Hon. Mil. 1901), b. 1821, widower (mar. 1844 
H.I.H. Archdss. Augustin of Austria, d. 1864).— 
For other names see Royal Fami ly. 

BAXTER, Knight. Sir George Washington 
Baxter, Kt. Bach. (i904),LL.D v aD.L. of Dundee, 
and a manufacturer : b. 1853, mar. 1899 Edith, 
dau. of Maj .-Gen. J. L. Fagan. Re?., Invereighty, 
Forfarsh. ( ? post-town) ; Ashcliff, Dundee. 

BAYARD, Maj. Reginald, D.S.O. (1902), 
E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BAYFORD, Lieut. Edmund Heseltine, D.S.O. 
(Mil. 1902), 18th Hussars; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay : b. 1873. 

BAYHAM, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1786) — see 
" Camden, Marq." 

BAYLEY, Knight (1). Su-Lyttelton Holy- 
oake Bayley. Kt. Bach. (1896), late Puisne Judge 
of the High Ct, of Bombay and an M.L.C., also 
Lt.-Col. Bomb. Rifle Vols, and Hon. A.D.C. to 
Viceroy, prev. Attorn. -Gen., M.L.C., audM.L.A. 
of N.S. Wales : b. 1827, widower ; is bro. of Rev. 
Sir J. Emilius Laurie, Bt., q.v. for altered name. 
Club, Oriental. 

BAYLEY, Knight (2). Sir Steuart Colvin 
Bayley, K.C.S.I. (1878), CLE. (1882), late Lt.- 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

i 34 BAY 

Directory of Peerage, 


Gov. of Bengal and Memb. Coune. of Viceroy, 
now of that of Sec. for India, has been Ch. 
Commissi', of Assam and Acting Lt.-Gov. of 
Bengal : b. 1836, mar. i860 Anna, dau. of R. N. 
Farquharson, Esq. Res., 2 Barkston Gdns., Earl's 
Ct., S.W. 

BAYLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Emily 
Anne Theophila, dan. of Sir Thos. T. Metcalfe, 
4th Bt.), mar. 1850 Sir Edwd. C. Bayley, K.C.S.I. 
(d. 1884). Res., The Wilderness, Ascot, Berks. 

BAYLEY, Charles Stuart, C.S.I. (1903), 
barrister-at-law, has been an Under Sec. to Ind. 
Govt., now Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Central India : 
b. 1854. Res., The Besidency, Indore. 

BAYLISS, Knight. Sir WYxe Bayliss, Kt. 
Bach. (1897), F.S.A., an author on Art and a 
painter of cathedral interiors, Pres. Boy. Soc. Brit. 
Artists : b. 1835, mar. 1858 Elise, dau. of Rev. Isaac 
Broade. #es.,7NorthRd.,ClaphamPk., S.W. 

BAYLY, Brig.-Gen. Alfred William Lam- 
bart, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1887), LA., 

A. D.C. to H.M. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Soudan, and 
Burma 1886-7, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Comdt. 
of Staff Coll. in India : b. 1856. 

BAYLY, Francis Albert, I.S.O. (1902), Sec. 
and Reg. of Dist. Serv. Order, late a Princ. Clk. 
War Office : b. 1842. 

BAYLY, Hon. Mrs. Paget, dau. of 13th Bn. 

BAYLY, Col. Zachary Stanley, C.M.G. 
(1880), late Comdt.-Gen. Cape Colon. Forces. 
Res., Butterworth, Transkei, Cape. 

BAYNE, Charles Gerwien, C.S.I. (1901), 
Chief Sec. in Brit. Burma and memb. of Lt.-Gov.'s 
Counc, in I.C.S. from 1880: b. i860. Res., Ran- 
goon and Maymyo. 

BAYNES, Baronet. Sir Christopher Wil- 
liam Bayncs, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1801), Agent to 
Bk. of Engld. at Law Cts. Branch : son of 3rd 
Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1897, mar. 1872 Amy Ruperta, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Colston, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Edward Colston (b. 1876; 2nd 
heir, next son, Ronald Christopher, b. 1878). 
Address, Bank of England Branch, Temple 
Bar, W.C. 

BAYNES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 

B. (Margaret, dau. of Danl. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1845 Sir Wm. J. W. Baynes, 3rd Bt. (d. 1897). 

BAYNES, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Arthur Hamilton 
Baynes, D . D . , late 2nd Bp. of Natal ( 1893-1 900), was 
Domest. Chap!, to Abp. Benson and has been Six 
Preacher at Canterbury, now Vic. of St. Mary's, 
Nottingham, a Preb. in Southwell Cathedral, and 
Bp. Assist. : b. 1854, mar. 1894. [Distinct from Bp. 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), late Sen. 
M.L.A. of Natal, nowMin. of Lands and Works : 
b. 1842. Res., Nel's Rust, Natal. 

BAZLEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Sebastian 
Baxley, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1869), M.A., a D.L. for 
Glouc. (High Sheriff 1874) : son of istBt.,b. 1829, 
sue. 1885, widower. Heir, his son Gardner 
Sebastian (b. 1863 ; no 2nd heir). Res., Winter- 
dyne, Bournemouth West. 

BEACH (HICKS-), Priv. Counc. and Baronet. 
Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach, P.C. 
(G.B. & I. 1874), 9th Bt. (Ena. 1619), M.A., 
D.C.L.,M.P. for W. Bristol (C), a D.L. for 
Gloucestersh. and Lord High Steward of Glou- 
cester, has been Chanc. of Exchequer and Sec. for 
Ireid. (both twice), Sec. for Colonies, Pres. of Bd. 
of Trade, a Church Estates Commissi'., and Capt. 
N. Glouc. Mil. : son of 8th Bt., b. Oct. 23, 1837, 
sue. 1854, mar. 1874, 2nd wife, the under-men- 
tioned Lady Lucy Hicks-Beach. Heir, his son 

Michael Hugh (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
William Frederick, b. 1841). Seat, The Manor 
House, Coin St. Aldwyns, Fairford, Glouc. 

BEACH (HICKS-). Lady Lucy Catherine, 
dau. of 3rd Earl Fortescue (q.v.) and wife of the 
above Rt. Hon. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach. 

BEACHCROFT, Knight. Sir (Richard) 
Melvill Beachcroft, Kt. Bach. (1904), of a firm of 
solicitors, formerly Vice-Chmn. L.C.C., and first 
Chmn. Metrop. Water Board : b. 1846, mar. 1877 
Charlotte Emily, dau. of the late Robt. M. 
Bonnor-Maurice, Esq. Res., Littlemount, Cook- 
ham Dean, Cookham Rise, Berks. ; 11 Craven 
I Hill, HydePk., W. 

I BEADON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Agnes, 
dau. of W. H. Sterndale, Esq.), mar. i860, as 
' 2nd wife, Sir Cecil Beadon, K.C.S.I.. Lt.-Gov. 
j of Bengal (d. 1880). Res., The Grove, Fleet, 
! Winchfield, Hants. 

j BEAL, Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1885), late S. 

Staff ords. Regt. ; Egypt, Soudan, and Nile 
j Expedns., ret. 1888: b. 1842. Club, U. Serv. 

BEAL, Lt.-Col. Robert, C.M.G. (1897), United 
j Gwelo Field Force; Matabeleld. 1896. Res., 
; Gwelo, Rhodesia. 

BEALE, Maj. Henry Yelverton, D.S.O. 
(1902), late Norf. Regt. ; Burma 1892-3, S. Africa 
j 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BEALL, Capt. George,I.S.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., 
, formerly in merchant service, late Princ. Examiner 
of Masters end Mates, Bd. of Trade: b. 1840. 
Res., Eyot Mead, Mayfield, Sussex. 
BEARCROFT, Col. Edward Hugh, C.B. (Civ. 
I 1903), late Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Batt. 
Wore. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1901-2: b. 1852. 
Res., Mere Hall, Droitwich. . . 

BEARCROFT, Capt. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), R.N., E. Coast 
of Africa 1S71-80, Coast of Greece 1886, and in 
China-Japan War, comd. Roy. Nav. Brigade in 
S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1851. Club, U. Serv. 

BEARD, Charles Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), B.A., 
1st class clerk in Irish Secretary's Office : b. 1858. 
Res., Avonbeg, Terenure, Dublin. 

BEARD, Supt. Frederick, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1902), Chief Offr. "A" Divn., Metrop. Police. 

BEATSON, Col. Finlay Cochrane, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), Wilts. Regt.; South Africa 1899-1902, was 
Prof, at Staff Coll. 1892-8 : b. 1855. 

BEATSON, Col. George Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 
1902). V.D., M.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. ColJ 
R.A.M.C. Vols., Glasgow Company; Sen. Sur- 
geon to Glasgow Cancer Hospital : b. 1848. Res., 
7 Woodside Cresc, Glasgow. 

BEATSON, Maj. -Gen. Stuart Brownlow, C.B. 
(Mil. 1898), I.A., Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 1878-80, 
Egypt, Burma 1886-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8, S. 
Africa 1901-2, now Insp.-Gen. Imper. Serv. 
Troops in India : b. 1854. Club, Cavalry. 

BEATTY, Maj. Charles Harold Longfield, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., late Capt., 6th Batt. 
Roy. Warwicks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1: 
b. 1870. Res., Bedford Cottage, Newmarket; 
Borodale, Wexford. 

BEATTY, Capt. David, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1905), D.S.O. (1896), R.N., Dongola, Nile 1897-8, 
China 1900 : b. 1871. 

BEATTY, Haslitt Michael, C.M.G. (1902), 
Chief Locomotive Supt. Govt. Rails., Cape of 
Good Hope. Res., Cape Town. 

BEAU CHAMP (pron. Beecham), Earl. Wil- 
liam Lyqon (pron. Ligrjon), 7th Earl {U.K.), 
K.C.M.G. (1899), LL.D., a D.L. and C.C. for 
Wore, Hon. Col. 1st Wore. Vol. Artill., Mayor of 

Baronetage, Knightage, <ka. BE A 135 


the city 1895, was Gov. of N. S. Wales 1899-1901 : 
son of 6th E. ; b. Feb. 20, 1872; sue. 1891 (L.) ; 
mar. 1902 Lady Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvsnor, 
sist. of present D. of Westminster. Seat, Madres- 
field Ct., Malvern Link. 

Creations. U.K.: Bn. Beauchamp, iSo5 ; Earl Beau- 
champ and Vise. Elmley, 1815.— Win. Lygon, for 30 years 
M.P. for Worcestershire, was the recipient of these 
three titles. That of Bn. Beauchamp had been granted 
to this line by King Henry VI., lasting 1447-96, and no 
fewer than nine titles so styled iire enumerated in 
' Nicolas.' 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (jth) E. : 

Vise. Elmley, heir to Earldom: William L., b. 1503. 
Hon. L., 2nd heir, b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6fh E. (sists., half-bros., &c, of 
present) : 


Lady Mary, now Lady M. H.-S.-Forbes-Trefusis, a 
AVoman of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. the Princess 
of Wales : b. i860, mar. 1905 Maj. Hon Henry Walter 

Lady Susan, now Lady S. Gordon- Gilmour, b. 1870, 

mar. 1889 Lt.-Col. Robt. Gordon G.-G-, O.B., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1872. ) 

Lady Margaret, now The Lady Ampthill, C.I. , b. 1874, 
mar. 1894 2nd Bn. A., q.v. 


Hon. Robert L., C'apt. Gren. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1879, mar. 1003 Cecil Albinia, 
dau. of Sir Geo. G. Arbuthnot (Hon. Mrs. Robert 
L.). Club, Guards'. 

Lady Agnes L., b. 1880. 

Lady Maud L., b. 1882. 

Hon. Henry L., B.A., b. 1884. 

BEAUCHAMP, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
I Countess E., nee Lady Emily Annora Charlotte 
Pierrepont, dau. of 3rd Earl Manvers, b. 1853, 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl Beauchamp (d. 
1891). lies., 13 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

BEAUCHAMP, Viscount (Gt. Br. 1750)— see 
" Hertford. M. of." 

BEAUCHAMP, Henry King, CLE. (1903), 
E. R. Hist. S., M. R. A. S., twice Sheriff of Madras, 
is Editor of the Madras : b. 1866. lies., 
Graem's Gdns., Cathedral, Madras. 

Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 5th Bt. 
||i (Gt. Br. 1745), a D.L. for Norfolk, late CaDt. and 
' Hon. Maj. Pr. of Wales's Own Norf/Artill. 
(Mil.) : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1874, mar. 
1880 Lady Violet Jocelyn, whom he divorced 1901. 
Heir pres., his bro. Col. Horace George P.-B., 
C.B., q.v. (2nd heir, next bro., Montagu Harry, 
b. i860). Seat, Langley Pk., Norwich; town 
res., 27 Hill St.. Berkeley Sq., W. 

George, C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg.2oth Hussars; 
Soudin 1885 and 1888, S. Africa 1902, was with 
Egypt 0. Army 1887-91, ret. 1904 : b. 1856, is heir 
to above Baronetev. Pes., 5 Hans PI., Chelsea, 

BEAUCLERK, family name of St. Albans 
Dukedom, q.v. for " Lords " and " Ladies." 

BEAUFORT, Duke of. Henry Adelbert 
Wellington EitzRoy Somerset, 9th Duke (Eng.), 
a D.L. for Brecon, Glouc, and Monrn., High 
Steward of Bristol, Hered. Keeper of Ragland 
Castle, Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg,, Glouc. 
Imper. Yeom. an A.D.C. to H.M., formerly Capt. 
I Roy. Horse Gds. : son of 8th D. ; b. May 19, 
i 1847 ; snc. 1899 (O.) ; mar. 1895 Louise Emily,' dau. 
I of the late Wm. H. Harford, Esq., and widow of 
[ Bn. Carlo de Tuyll. Seats, Badminton House, 
I Chippenham, Wilts. ; Llangattock Pk., Crick- 
1 howell, Breeons. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Botetourt, 1803 (orig. 1305 by 
writ) ; Bn. Herbert of Herbert, 1461 by writ, and Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow, and Gower, 1506 by 
patent ; E. of Worcester, 1514 : M. of Worcester, 1642 , 
E. of Glamorgan, Vise. Grosmont, and Bn. Beaufort,, 
1644; D. of Beaufort, 1682.— The Botetourt Bny. was 
first granted to Jno. de Botetourt, but fell into abeyance 
on the death of his son in 1405, so continuing till 1764, 
and again from 1776 to 1803, when it was revived to the 
Sth Duke. The Herbert of Herbert Bny. was conferred 
upon Wm. Herbert, afterwards E*rl of Pembroke, 
beheaded 1469. His son succeeded him, and had his 
Earldom exchanged for that of Huntingdon. Sir Chas. 
Somerset, K.G. and Kt. Banneret, a natural son of 
Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, was created Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland &c, but, having married the 
heiress of the preceding, he was summoned to Parliament 
as Bn. Herbert of Herbert, thus uniting the two; 
Baronies, though they retain their distinction as one by ; 
writ and the other by patent, and are subject to .the : 
possibility of becoming separated, as shown in the 
statement of heirdom below. Sir Charles was after- 
wards ci-eated Earl of Worcester. The 5th Earl was 
raised to the Marquessate, the 2nd Marq. before succes- 
sion had the title Earl of Glamorgan conferred on 
him, and the 3rd was created Duke of Beaufort. The 
Grosmont Viscty. m iy originally have been " Grismond," 
as Sir H. Nicolas argues, mentioning, however, a 
G rosmont in Normandy which may have produced the 
altered form. At all events the ruins of Grosmont 
Castle still exist in the late grounds of the Duke in 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (gih) D.: 

Lady Blanche Linnie S., b. 1897. 
Lady Diana Maud Nina S., b. 1898. 
Marquess of Worcester, heir to Dukedom and all 
titles : Henry Hugh Arthur EitzRoy S., b. 1900. 
(2nd heir to Dukedom and other titles by patent, 
his. uncle Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard ; to 
Barony of Herbert of Herb., the above two 
daughters. ) 

Surviving issue of Sth D. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Dure, b. 1847.) 

Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard Charles S., b. 1849— 
see " Somerset, Priv. Counc." f 

Lord Henry Arthur George S., a D.L. for Wilts., 
formerly Maj. Roy. Horse Gds. (served in Egyptian 
and Nile Expcdns.) and Extra Equerry to H.M. 
when Prince of Wales : b. 1851. 

— -in-law : 

Lady Henry (Richard) S., wife of Rt. Hon. Lord 
Henry iiichard. 

Lady Edward (Fanny Julia, dau. of Sir Alex. B. G. 
Dixie, 10th Bt.), mar., 1st, 1880, the late Lord 
Hy. Edward Brudenell S. (b. 1853, d. 1897); 2ndly, 
1898, J. Gratwicke Blagrave, Esq.— retaining title 
by courtesy. 

Issue of jth D. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 8th Duke, b. 1824, d. 1859.) 
Lady Geraldine Harriet Anne S., V.A., Lady n 

Waiting to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Cambridge : 

b. 1832. lies., 8 Upper Brook St., W. 
Lady Katherine Emily Mary, now The Lady Qrma- 

thwaite, b. 1834, mar. 1858 2nd Bn. O., q.v. 
Lady Edith Frances Wilhelmine, now Dow. Ctss. of 

Londetborough (q.v.), b. 1838, mar. 1863, wid. 1900. 

Dau. of 6th D. (gfc. aunt of present) : 
(The late 7th Duke, b. 1792, d. 1853.) 
Lady Mary Octavia, now Lady M. Farquhar (q.v., 
Bt.'s Wid.), b. 1814, mar. 1837 the late Sir Walter 
Rockcliff F. (d. 1900). 

BEAUFORT, Duke's Widow. Dowager 
Duchess of B., nee Lady Georgiana Charlotte 
Gurzon, dau. of 1st Earl Howe, G.C.H. : b. 1825, 
mar. 1845 8th D. of Beaufort (d. 1899). Res., 
Stoke Pk., Stapleton, Bristol. 

BEAUMONT, Baroness. Mona Josephine 
Tempest Stapleton, Bnss. 11th in line (Eng.):. 
dau. of 10th Bn. ; b. Aug. 1, 1894: sue. (after an 
abeyance of nine months) 1896. Seat, Carlton 
Towers, Carlton R.S.O., Yorks. 



Directory of Peerage, 


Creation. Bn. Beaumont, Eng. 1309 by writ.— The 
1st Bn., Henry de Beaumont, had for one of his 
ancestors John de Brienne, King of Jerusalem ; he was 
also a relative and companion-in-arms of Edward I. in 
his Scottish wars. On the death of the 7th Bn. in 1507 
the Peerage fell into abeyance, and so continued until 
1840. A second but much briefer abeyance followed in 
1895 when the 10th Bn. left at his death two daughters, 
to the elder of whom the succession was awarded by the 
Crown in the next year. The 6th and 7th Bns. held the 
title of Vise. Beaumont (1440-1507), this constituting the 
first creation of this rank in England. 


(Present Baroness, b. 1894.) 

Hon. Ivy Mary Stapleton, heiress pres. to Barony, 
b. (posthumous) 1895. (Ko definite 2nd heir, but 
the Rev. Gilbert S., b. 1862, a 1st cousin once 
removed, is the nearest relative among the many 
descendants under the first abeyance. 

BEAUMONT, Barons' Widows. (1) The 
Dowager Lady ~B.,nee Hon. Isabella Anne Browne, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Kilmaine, b. abt. 1824, mar. 1844 
8th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1854).— (2} Violet, Lady B., 
dau. of the late Fredk. W. Isaacson, Esq., M.P., 
mar. 1888 9th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1892). Res., 49 
Eaton PL, S.W.— (3) Ethel, Lady B. (Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Sir Chas. H. Tempest, 1st and only Bt. of 
Heaton). mar. 1893 10th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1895). 
Res., with her dau. the Baroness. 

BEAUMONT, Baronet. Sir George Howland 
"William Beaumont, 10th Bt. {Eng. 1661), formerly 
Capt. R.A. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1851, sue. 1882, 
mar. 1880 Lillie Ellen, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Geo. A. 
Craster. Heir, his son George Arthur Hamilton 
(b. 1881 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Frederick Louis 
Maureward, b. 1862). lies., Cole Orton Hall, 
Ashby-d e - la-Zouch . 

BEAUMONT, Knight. Vice-Adm. Sir Lewis 
Anthony Beaumont, K.C.B. (Mil. 1904), K.C.M.G. 
(iSOi),F.R.G.S., Com.-in-Ch. at Plymouth, prev. 
on Austral. Station, was Dir. of Nav. Intell. at 
Admiralty and a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 
served in Arctic Expedn. 1875-6 : b. 1847, mar. 
1889 Mary Eleanor, dau. of Chas. C. Perkins, Esq., 
of Boston, U.S. 

BEAUMONT, Ladies — see Baroness, Barons' 
Widows, and under Baronet and Knight. 

BEAUMONT, Lady Alexandria ("Aline") 
Louisa Maud, dau. of 5th M. of Londonderry. 

BEAVER, Lieut. Henry Allen, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1903), R.N. retd., of H.M's yacht. 

BEBERRUA, Count of. Antonio Caruana- 
Gatt 0,3rd Ct. {Malta 1783), M.D., Vice-Pres. of 
Cmttee. of Privileges and a memb. of Cmttee. of 
Assembly of Maltese Nobility : nephew of 2nd 
Ct.. b. 1839, sue. 1891, mar. 1867 Vincenza, dau. 
of Ct. Feidinando F. Mont' Alto. Heir, his son 
Alfred, Gontino of Beberrua (b. 1868; 2nd heir, 
next son, Bev. Robert, dei Conti C.-G., b. 1871). 
Res., 59 Strada Levante, Valetta ; 3 Strada 
Reale, Casal Attard, Malta. 

BECHER (WRTXON-), Baronet. Sir John 
Wrixon-Becher, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), M.A., 
a D.L. for Co. Cork (High Sheriff 1867) : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1828, sue. 1893, mar. 
1857 the under-mentioned Lady Emily Wrixon- 
Becher. Heir, his son Eustace William Wind- 
ham (b. 1859; 2nd heir, next son, Edgar, 
b. 1862). Seats, Ballygiblin (Mallow), and Creagh 
(Skibbereen). both Co. Cork. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Baronet's Widow {rc- 
vnrrd.). Florence, Lady W.-B. (Florence Eliza- 
beth Hannah, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Walker, 
Esq.) mar., 1st, 1878, Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 
and Bt. (d. 1893) ! 2ndly, 1894, Arthur D. H. H. 
Reynell-Pack,Esq.,but retains her title by right. 
Res., Netherton, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BECHER ( WRIXON-) , Lady Emily Kathe- 
rine, dau. of 2nd E. of Listowel (q.v.), and wife 
of Sir Jno. Wrixon-Becher, Bt. 

BECK, Col. Charles Hareop, C.B. (Mil. 
1903-1), Hon. Col., late Lt.-CoL, 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1861. Res., 
Upton Priory, Macclesfield ; Frongoch, Llan- 
lugan, Berriew R.S.O,, Montgom. 

BECK, Frank Reginald, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1901), Agent to H.M. at Sandringham: b. 1861. 
I BECKETT, family name of Grimthorpe 

BECKETT, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), late 3rd Hussars; Egypt and Soudan, was 
an A.A.G. in Natal 1899-igoo, and A.Q.M.G. at 
Headqrs., now Ch. Staff Offr. in Malta : b. 1849. 
Res., Malta. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Gervase, dau. of late 
Vise. Helmsley, and granddau. of E. of Fever- 
sham, q.v. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton, dau. of 1st 
and last Bn. Lyndhurst. 

BECKETT, Col. Stephen, C.B. (Mil. 1885), 
I. A. retd. (1889) ; Mutiny, Frontier 1863-4, 
Afghn. 1879, Suakin 1885 : b. 1840. Res., 10 
Freeland Rd., Ealing, W. 

BECKWITH, Lady Muriel Beatrice, dau. of 
7th D. of Richmond. 

BECTIVE, Earl of {by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1766), elder son and heir of Marq. of Headfort. 

BEDDARD, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, dau. of Bn. 

BEDFORD, Duke of. Herbrand Arthur 
Russell, nth Duke {Eng.). K.G. (1902), F.S.A., 
P.Z.S., Lord Lieut, of Middx., Chmn. Beds. CO 
and a D.L., Hon. Col. and Lt.-CoL comdg. 3rd 
Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.), Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. 
Batt. Beds. Regt. and of 19th Middx. Rifle Vols., 
formerly Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in Egypt 
1882 and was A.D.C. to Gov.-Gen. of India, 'el. 
1st Mayor of Holborn 1900: son of gth D. and 
bro. of 10th : b. Feb. 19, 1858 ; sue. 1893 {L.U.) ; 
mar. 18S8 Mary Du Caurroy, a Lady of Grace 
St. John Jerus., dau. of Ven. Archdn. Tribe. 
Seats, Woburn Abbey, Beds. ; Oakley House, 
Bedford; Endsleigh, Tavistock, Devon; Meikleour 
House, Perth {leased from Marq. of Lansdowne) ; 
town res., 15 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Russell cf Cheneys, 1539 ; E. of 
Bedford, 1550 ; Bn. Russell of Tbornhaugh, 1603; D. of 
Bedford and M. of Tavistock, 1694; Bn. Howland, 1695.— 
An Earldom of Bedford and two Dukedoms had existed 
between 1150 and 1495, but had all become extinct : the 
earliest to hold the Dukedom was a brother of King 
Henry V., who became Regentof England and Constable 
of France during the next King's minority. The above 
Bny. and Earldom were conferred upon John Russell, a 
gentleman residing on the Dorsetshire coast, whose 
cousin Sir Thos. Tienchavd had hospitably entertained 
the Archduke Philip of Austria, who, in a voyage from 
Flanders to Spain, had bee n driven into Weymouth by 
a violent hurricane. Sir Thomas acquainted the Court 
with the presence of the illustrious visitor, but deputed 
the actual attendance upon him to Mr. Russell, who 
had lately returned frtin the Continent and was 
familiar with the German language. He was in 
consequence introduced (with the Aichduke) to Henry 
VII., by whom he was taken into favour, and this 
continued under his three successors to the throne. 
The 5th Earl obtained the Dukedom and Marquessate, 
the 2111I Duke before succession being given the Howland 
Barony, that of Tbornhaugh having been awarded to 
the 4th son of the rnd Earl, whose own son succeeded as 
4th Earl. William Lord Russell (courtesy-title ; he was 
''Hon. Wm. Russell" until the death cf his elder I 
brother), the distinguished statesman who was beheaded I 
in 1683 on a charge of high treascp, was 2nd son of the 
Earl who became 1st Duke. 


BEL 137 

Titled Relatives. 

Sole issue of present {nth) D.: 

Marq. of Tavistock, heir to Dukedom : Hastings 
William Sackville R., b. 1888. (2nd heir, his 1st 
cous. once rem.. Harold John Hastings R., son of 
9th Duke's bro. Lord Arthur, b. 1868.) 

Surviving issue of gth D. (sists. of present) : 
(The late 10th Dure, b. 1852, d. 1893, childless.) 
Lady Ela Monica Sackville R., b. 1854. Res., Chorley 

Wood House, Rickmansworth R.S.O, Herts. : 51 

Prince's Gt., S.W. 
Lady Ermyntrude Sackville, now Lady Erm. Malet, 

b. 1856, mar. 1885 Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Baldwin M., 

Bt., G.C.B., q.v. 
(Present Dure, b. 1858.) 

Sist. -in-law of gth D. (aunt of present; busb. 
granted rank of Duke's son) : 
(The late 9th Duke, b. 1819, d. 1891.) 
Lady Arthur jR. (Laura, dau. of Vicomte de Pey- 
ronnet), mar. 1865 the late Lord Arthur John 
Edward R. (d. 1892). Res., The Ridgeway, Shere, 
Guildford ; 2 Audley Sq. , W. 
(The late 1st Bn. Ampthill, b. 1829, d. 1884.) 

Issue of 6th D. (gt. uncle of present) : 

(The late 7th Duke, b. 1788, d. 1861. Sole issue : 
The late 8fch Duke, b. 1809, d. unmrrd. 1872.) 
(The late 1st Earl Russell, b. 1792, d. 1878.) 
Lord Alexander George R., G.C.B., b. 1821— see 
" Russell, Kt. (1)." 

BEDFORD, Duke's Widow. Adeline, Duchess 

of B., nee Lady Adeline Marie Somers-Cocks, dau. 

of 3rd Earl Somers, b. 1852, mar. 1876 10th D. of 

Bedford (d. 1893). lies., Chenies. Rickmansworth 

R.S.O., Herts. ; 26 Bruton St., W. 
BEDFORD, Knight. Adm. Sir Frederick 

George Denham Bedford, G.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; 

K.C.B., 1894), Gov. of Western Australia ; served 

in Russian War and in operations on the Nile 
It and the Gambia ; late Com.-in-Ch. on N. Amer. 

Station, was 2nd Nav. Lord of the Admiralty 
1 1895-9, prev. on tbe Cape and W. Coast, a Nav. 
I A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 1888-91 , ret. 1903 : b. 
R 1838, mar. 1880 Ethel, dau. of E. R, Turner, Esq. 

Res., Govt. House, Perth, W. Australia. 
BEDFORD, Lt.-Col. Walter George 
I Augustus, C.M.G. (1900-1), M.B., R.A.M.C., S. 
I Africa 1899-1901 as Sec. to Princ. Med. Offr., 
I prev. Dep. Assist. Dir. A.M.S. : b. 1858. 
1 BEDINGFELD (PASTON-), Baronet. Sir 
'( Henry Edward Paston-Bedingfeld, 8th Bt. (Eng. 
II1661), late Maj. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.), 
I served in S. Africa 1901-2 : son of 7th Bt., b. i860, 
I sue. 1902, mar. 1904 Sibyl, dau. of the late Henry 
I A. Lyne-Stephens, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
i Biciiard Henry Clavering (b. 1862; 2nd heir, 

I next bro., Charles, b. 1S64). Seat, Oxburgh Hall, 
[| Stoke Ferry. Norfolk. 

I Widow. Dowager Lady P.-B. (Augusta, dau. of 
E. Clavering, Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Henry G. Pas- 
ton-Bedingfeld, 7th Bt. (d. 1902). Pes., 45 Crom- 
well Rd.,S.W. 

BEDOYERE, Marquise de La, dau. of 1st Bn. 

BEECH, Maj. John Robert, C.M.G. (1888), 
D.S.O. (1891), Scottish Horse Imper. Yeom., 
! ormerly Capt. 20th Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan 
1882-91, S. Africa 1900 : b. i860. 

BEEK, James Scott, I.S.O. (1903), Auditor- 
Jen, of New Brunswick. Pes,, Fredericton. 

BEEVOR, Baronet. Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 
,thBt. (Gt. Br. 1784), M.D., F.R.C.P., Phys. to 
ting's Coll. Hosp., and to City of Lond. Hosp. 
or Diseases of Chest, Repres. for Soc. of Apothecs. 
*nGen. Med. Counc. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 

1885, mar. 1894 Emily Georgina, dau. of Sir Wm. 
Foster, 2nd Bt. of Norwich. Heir, his son Thomas 
Lubbock (b. 1897; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ralph 
Jenny, b. 1859). Res., Croxley Grn., Rickmans- 
worth R.S.O. , Herts.; 17 Wimpole St., W. 


(1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., late 1st Scots Gds. ; 
Soudan 1885, Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1S97-8, S. 
Africa 1900 (a Princ. Med. Offr. 1901-2"), now on 
Staff of Gov. of Bombay : b. 1858. Club, Guards' . 

BEGBIE, Maj.-Gen. Elphinstone Waters, 
OB. (Mil. 1896), D.S.O. (1891), Abyss. 1867-8, 
Datfla 1874-5. and Burma 1885-6. was D.A.G. 
Madras 1895-6, now on Supernum. List : b. 1842. 

BEGBIE, Mai. George Edward, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Highld. L.I. ; Crete 1897-8 and S. Africa 
1899-1900 : b. 1868. 

BEHRENS, Hon. Mrs. Clive, dau of Bn. 

BELAM, Com. Henry, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), R.N. retd., now Marine Surveyor to Mersey 
Docks Bd. : b. 1853. Pes., 34. Bentley Rd., 

BELCHER, Capt. Harold Thomas, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1875. 

BELCHER, Maj. Robert, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Canad. Bebellion 1885 and S. Africa 1900-1, now 
an Insp. of N.W. Territs. Mtd. Police : b. 1849. 
Res.. Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. 

BELFAST, Earl of (Irel. 1791), a title of the 
Donegall Marquessate borne by the heir when a 
son. Baron Chichester of Belfast (1625) is also a 
title of the Marquessate. 

BELFIELD, Brig.-Gen. Herbelt Eversley, 
OB. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1902), Ashanti 1895-6, 
S. Africa 1900-2, now comdg. 4th Brigade Alder- 
shot Comd. : b. 1857. Pes., Aldershot. 

BELGRAVE, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1784), a title 
of the Westminster Dukedom, borne by the 
present Duke while heir as a grandson. 

BELHAVEN, Master of, title of the son and 
heir of following. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron. Alex- 
ander Charles Hamilton, 10th Bn. (Scot.). 
a Scott. Repres. Peer (el. 1900), a D.L. for 
Lanarks., Col. R.E. retd., Hon. Col. 2nd Lanarks. 
Vol. Engrs. , comd. Surrey Vol. Inf. Brig. 18S8- 
1902, served in Zulu War: son of Wm. Jno. 
Hamilton, Esq., M.P., F.R.S., and a collateral 
relation of the late gth Bn. (they being both 
descended from a gt. uncle of the 2nd Bn., the 
succession pa ssing to heirs - genera D ; b. July 3, 
1840 ; sue. 1893 and established his claim 1894 
(C); mar. 1880 Georgina Katharine, dau. of the 
late Legh Richmond, Esq. Seat, Wishaw House, 
Wishaw, Lanarks. ; town res., 41 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belhaven and Stenton, Scot. 1647, 
renewed 1675.— The 1st Bn. was so created for his devotion 
to Charles I. His father was a natural brother of the 
xst Earl of Arran (Scot.), and an additional connection 
between this house and those of Abercorn and Hamilton 
existed on the mother's side, she being a descendant of 
Sir Jno. HamiltoD, 4th Ld. of Cadzow, whose grandson 
whs summoned to Parliament as Ld. Hamilton (see 
" Hamilton and B., D. of "). The U.K. title Bn. Hamil- 
ton of Wishaw was in 1S11 granted to the 8th Bn , who 
died childless in 1868. The course of succession has 
repeatedly been the subject of dispute. 

Titled Relatives. 

Sole issue of present (\oth) Bn. : 

Master of Belhaven, heir to Barony : Hon. Ralph 
Gerard Alexander B.,znd Lieut. 3rd Hussars, b. 
1883. mar. 1904 Lady Grizel Winifred Louisa 
Cochrane, dau. of 12th E. of Dundonald. (znd heir, 

138 BEL 

Directory of Peerage, 

his 1st cousin Caut. Robert Edward Archibald II., 
b. 1871.) 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Grizel W. Louisa II., see preceding. 

Issue o/gth Bn. (remote cousins of present) : 

Hon. Leonore Agnes Watson Nisbet. now Hon. Mrs. 

Borras Whiteside,, b. 1878, mar. 1903 E. Borras W., 

Esq. Res., 3 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 
Hon. May Clarke Mary Nisbet H.,h. 1879. 
Hon. Clarice Jessie Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Napier, 

b. 1881, mar. 1899 the Master of Napier, see " N. and 

Hon. Muriel Louise H., b. 1834. 
Hon. Wimfred Maude II., b. i836. 
Hon. Dorothy Henrietta H., b. i838. 
Hon. Georgina Violet H., b. 1889. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron's Widow. 
Georgina, Lady Belh. & S., dau. of Sir Jno. "Wat- 
son, 1st Bt. of Earnock, mar. 1877 oth Bn. 
Belhaven and S. (d. 1893). Res., 8 Eglinton 
Cresc, Edinburgh. 

BELL, Baronet of Gotan. Sir James Bell, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1895), a ship-owner, a D.L. for 
Glasgow (late Lord Provost), also a D.L. for 
Lanarks. and late Hon. Col. 1st Lanarks. Bine 
Vols., is a memb. of Boy. Patriotic Fund Corp., 
son of Jno. Bell, Esq., of above city; b. 1850, 
mar. 1875 Helen, dau. of the late Wm. Eindlay, 
Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1876; no 2nd heir). 
Res., Montgreenan, Kilmarnock. 

BELL, Baronet of Rounton. Sir (Thomas) 
Hugh Bell, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1885), a D.L. for Co. 
Durham, ah iron-master and" coal-owner, High 
Sheriff of Co. Durham 1895 : son of 1st Bt., b. 
1844, sue. 1904, mar. 1876, 2nd wife, Florence 
Eveleen Eleanore, dau. of the late Sir Jos. 
Oliiffe, M.D. Heir, his son Maurice Hugh Low- 
thian (b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, next son, Hugh Low- 
thian, b. 1878). Seat, Bed Barns, Coatham, 
Bedcar, Yorks. : town res., 95 Sloane Street., 

BELL, Knight (1). Sir John Charles Bell, 
Kt. Bach. (1902;, an Aid. and Lieut, of City of 
London, was Sheriff 1901-2, Past-Master or upon 
Court of three City Cos., Chmn. of Wenlock 
Brewery Co., City Bd. : b. 1844, mar. 1868 
Caroline, dau. of Thos. Clare, Esq. Res., Frame- 
wood, Stoke Pcges B.S.O., Bucks. ; 61 Portland 
PL, W. 

BELL, Knight (2). Sir William James Bell, 
Kt. Bach. (1892), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Vice- 
Chmn. Boss and Cromarty C.C. 1891-2, is a D.L. 
for same Cos. and for Co. of London, a Co. Aid. for 
latter and a memb. Boy. Co. of Archers (Scot.) : 
b. 1859, mar. 1882 Bertha Diana, dau. of the late 
G. Toit, Esq. Res., 49A Pall Mall, S.W. 

BELL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Margaret 
Miller, dau. of Wm. M'T. D'Orsey, Esq., M.D.), 
mar. 1861 Sir Josh. P. Bell, Pres. Leg. Counc. 
Queensld. (d. 1881). Res., Jimbour, Dalby, Qns.ld. 

BELL, Charles George Harland, C.M.G. 

(1902) , late Civil Commissr. and Ees. Magistrate 
at Maf eking. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Charles (Wentworth), dau. 
of Bn. Biddulph. 

BELL, Lieut. G. T., D.S.O. (1902), Yictrn. 
Contgt. ; S. Africa 1902. 

BELL, Henry Hesketh Joudon, C.M.G. 

(1903) , Administrator of Dominica, prev. Assist. 
Treas. at Gold Coast and M.E.C. Bahamas : b. 
1864. Res., Govt. House, Dominica. 

BELL, Capt. Henry Stanley, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
1st N'thumb. Vol. Artill. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 

BELL, James, C.B. (Civ. 1889), D. Sc., Ph.D., 
F.B.S.,late Princ. of Somerset House Laboratory 
and Cons. Chemist to chief Pub.Depts. : b. 1825. 
Res., 52 Cromwell Bd., Hove, Brighton. 

BELL, Lt.-Col. John William, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
V.D., latecomdg. Queenstn. Bif. Vols., is Master 
of Supr. Ct. Transvaal ; S. Africa 1877-8 and 
1899-1901 : b. 1848. Res., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

BELL, Col. Mark Sever, C.B. (Mil. 1893), UflC 
(1874), B.E., Bhutan 1855-6. Hazara 1868, Ashanti 
3 873-4, and Burma 1886-7, l ate an A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria, ret. 1900 ; an extensive Asiatic 
explorer : b. 1843. Res., Earleywood Ldg., Wind- 
lesham, Bagshot, Surrey. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Matthew— see " Dyke. Hon. 
Mrs. M." 

BELL, Eobert, I.S.O. (1903), M.D., D.Sc, 
LL.D., F.B.S., Dir. of Geolog. Survey of Canada, 
Prof, of Chemistry and Nat. Sci. in Queen's Univ. 
Kingston, author of numerous geolog. papers: 
b. 1841. Res., 136 Maelaren St., Ottawa. 

BELL, Valentine Graeme, C.M.G. (1903), 
P.O. (Jamaica), F.B.C.T., M.I.C.E., M.L.C., and 
Dir. of Public Works, Jamaica : b. 1839. ^ es -> 

BELL, Col. William (i),C.B.(Civ. 1889), retired 
from Army and now Sec. to Govt, of Guernsey 
(from 1862), late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1829. 
Res., Swissville, Guernsey. 

BELL, William (2), CLE. (1904), M.A., Dir. 
of Publ. Instr. and Under Sec. to Govt, in Educ. 
Dept., Punjab : b. i860. Res., Lahore. 

BELL (LYNDEN-), Maj. Arthur Lyxden 
(name doublel), C.M.G. (1905), E. Kent Begt. ; 
Chitral Belief 189=;, late D.A.Q.M.G. of Gen. 
Staff of Army : b. 1867. 

BELLAIBS, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir William 
Bellairs, K.C.M.G. (1882), C.B. (Mil. 1878), served 
through Crimean War, Kaffir and Zulu Wars, 
and has been Administr. of Natal and M.L C. 
and Com. of Forces in Transvaal, ret. 1887 and is 
Col. Boy. Berks. Begt.: b. 1S28, mar. 1867, 2nd 
wife, Blanche St. John, dau. of Eras. A. Mosch- 
{ zisker, Esq., Ph.D. Res., Clevedon, Somerset. 

BELLAMY, Knight. Sir Joseph Arthur 
J Bellamy, Kt. Bach. (1904). memb. of a steamship 
firm and holding office in Harbour Improvement 
' and Gaslight Cos., a C.C. for Plymouth, was I 
I Mayor 1901 and igo2 ; b. 1845, mar. 1868 Susan : 
j Mill, dau. of Wm. S. Wills, Esq. Res., Yalta, | 
I Mannamead, Plymouth. 

' BELLAMY, Capt. Eobert, D.S.O. (1900-1). ! 
1 Boy. Suss. Begt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1871. 
j BELLEW, family name of following Barony, j 
; BELLEW {pron. Bel'oo), Baron. Charles 
; Bertram Bellew, 3rd Bn. {Irel.), an Ir. Eepres. 
Peer (el. 1904) and a Bt., Lieut, of Co. Louth, 
formerly Capt. 6th Batt. Boy. Ir. Eifles (Louth 
Mil.) : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. April 19, 1855 ; sue. 
1895 (<7.) ; mar. 1883 Mildred Mary Josephine, 
dau. of Sir Humphrey de Trafford, 2nd Bt. 
/S'ea;,Barmeath Casfcle, Dunleer B.S.O., Co. Louth. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1688 ; Bn. Bellew, 1848.— The 
Rt. Hon. Sir Patrick Bellew, 7th Bt., Lieut, of Co. 
Louth, was the first to obtain this Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros.'of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Hon. George Lf.opold Bryan (assumed surname by 
licence 18S1 in lieu of Bellew), heir pres. to Barony, 
Maj. late 10th Hussars, served in Nile Expedn. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BEL 139 

1884-5 and in S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1857. Res., with 

Hon. Richard Eustace B-, 2nd heir, b. 1858, mar. 
1895, and wife, Gwendoline Marie Josephine, dau. 
of Wm. R. J. F. Herbert, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Richd. 
B.). Res., Jenkinstown Pk., Kilkenny. 

'. Issue of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1830, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Woolmore 
Smith, b. 1832, mar. 1865 the late Cant. Jno. Wool- 
more S., but obtd. judic. sep. 1500. (he died 1903). 
Res., with following. 

Hon. Annabella Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Conyers 
Tower, b. 1833, mar. 1857 the late Lt.-Gen. Conyers 
T., C.B. (d. 1903I. Res., Thornfield, Rugby, 
j Hon. Fermina Maria Magdalena, now Hon. Mrs. 
Everard Stourton, b. 1835, mar. 1862 the late Capt. 
Hon. Everard S., son of 19th Bn. Stourton, q.v. 
under "Mowbray, Segrave," &c. 

BELLEW(GRATTAN-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
I Christopher Graitan-Bellew, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1838), 

I Capt. Provis. Batt., and 4th Batt. Connaught 
Bangers (Mil.) , late Lieut. 5th Drgn. Gds., a D.L. 
for G-alway (High Sheriff 1884) : son of the late 

In Thos. A. Grattan-Bellew and nephew of 2nd Bt. 
■I (Rev. Sir Christopher Bellcw) , b. i860, sue. 1867, 

I I mar. 1885 the following. Heir, his son Herbert 
I Michael (b. 1886 ; 2nd heir, next son, Charles 
I Christopher, b. 1887). Seat, Mt. Bellew, Ballin- 
1 asloe, Co. Galway. 

! BELLEW (GRATTAN-) , Lady Sophia Maria 

I Elizabeth, dau. of 7th E. of Granard (q.v.) and 
wife of the preceding. 

BELLINGHAM, Baronet. Sir (Alan) Henry 
Bellinghani, 4th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1796 ; a prev. creation 
lasted 1620-50) , M. A. , barrister-at-law, a D.L. for 

; Co. Louth, a Commissr. of Nat. Educn. for Held, 
and Senator of Roy. Univ., Private Chamberlain 
to present and preceding Popes, formerly an M.P. 
and Capt. 6th Batt. Roy. Ir. Rifles (Louth 
Militia) : on of 3^*3. Bt.. b. 1846, sue. 1889, mar. 

\ 1895, 2nd wife, the following (1st wife was Lady 
Constance Noel, dau. of 2nd E. of Gainsborough). 
Heir, his son Edward Henry Charles Patrick 
(b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, next son, Roger Charles Noel, 
b. 1884). Seal, Bellingham Castle, Castlebelling- 
ham R.S.O., Co. Louth. 

*** The 1st Bt. was Sec. to Mr. Pitt and M.P. for 
Rebate ; hence we must account for the title being of 

I Gt. Britain instead of Ireland. 

i BELLINGHAM, Hon. Lady, dau. of 23rd Bnss. 
! Grey de Ruthyn (q.v.) and wife of above Bt. 
j BELMORE, Earl of. Somerset Richard 
Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl {Irel.), P.C. {Irel. 1867), 
G.C.M.G. (1890), M.A., MiR.I.A., a Repres. 
[ Peer of Ireland (el. 1857), Lieut, of Tyrone, 
I formerly Under - Sec. for Home Dept., Gov. 
of N.S. Wales 1867-72, repeatedly an Acting Ld. 
Justice of Ireld., and has been Maj. of Lond. 
I Irish Rifle Vols. : son of 3rd E. ; b. April 9, 1835 ; 
I sue. 1845 (C.) ; mar. 1861 Anne Elizabeth Honoria, 
I dau. of the late Capt. Jno. N. Gladstone, R.N., 
I M.P. Seat, Castle Coole, Enniskillen. 
I Creations. Irel. : Bn. Belmore, 1781 ; Vise. Belmore, 
I 1789; E. of Belmore, 1797 (the "of "is correct, omitted in 
j some books). "Vise. Corry" is the courtesy-title of the 
1 eld. son.— Armar Lowry-Corry, M.P. for Co. Tyrone, was 
! awarded the three titles in succession. His father, 
1 Galbraith Lowry, assumed the additional name Corry. 

Titled Relatives. 
k Issue of present (4th) E. : 

Lady Theresa L.-C, b. 1C62. 

Lady Florence, now Lady F. Eden, b. 1864, mar. 1893 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Hy. E. Res., Bishopton Grange, 
It Ripon. 

The late Lady Madeline L.-C, b 1865, d. 1898. 
I Lady Mary L.-C, b. 1857. 

Vise. Corry, heir to Earldom: Armar L.-C, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, a D.L. and C.C. for Fermanagh, 1 
High Sheriff 1895, and for Tyrone 1901, formerly 
Capt. Roy.Innisk. Fus. (Mil.): b. 1870. Club, Carlton. 

Hon. Cecil L.-C, 2nd heir, b. 1873. Club, Fer- 
managh (Dublin). 

Hon. Ernest L.-C., b. 1874. Res., Estr.ncia Santa 
Teresa, Gualaguay, Entre Rios, Argentina. 

Lady Winifred L.-C, b. 1876. 

Lady Edith L.-C, b. 1878. 

Lady Violet L.-C.,b. 1S81. 

Lady Margaret L.-C, b. 1883. 

Lady Dorothy L.-C, b. 1885. 

Lady Kathleen L.-C, b. 1887. 

Surviving issue of 3rd E. (bros. and sists. of I 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1835.) 

Adm. Hon. Armar L.-C. (retired list), b. 1836, 

widower. Res., 15 Warwick Sq., S.W. 
Lady Louisa Ann, now Lady L. Magenis, b. 1837, mar. 

1860 the late Lt.-Col. Richd. Hy. M. (d. i38o). .Res., 34 J 

Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
Lady Florence Elizabeth, now Lady F. King-King, i 

b. 1842, mar. 1876 Wm. Edwd. K.-K., Esq.. Res., j 

Bodenham Manor, Leominster, Herefs. 
Col. Hon. Henry William L.-C, M.A., a Co. Aid. for I 

W. Suffolkand Chmn. of Q.S., late comdg. Coidstrm. 

Gds., served in Suakin Expedn., ret. 1903, an M.P. 

1873-30 : b. 1845, mar. 1876 Hon. Blanche Edith 

Wood, dau. of 1st Vise. Halifax (Hon. Mrs. Henry 

L.-C). Res., Edwardstone Hall, Boxford, Suffk., 

nr. Colchester. 

BELPER, Baron. Henry Strutf, 2nd Bn. 
{U.K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1895), LL.M., Hon. Col. 
(formerly comdg.) Sth. Notts. Imper. Yeom., and 
an A.D.C. for Yeom. to H.M., Capt. Hon. Corps 
of Gentn. at Arms, a D.L. for Notts, and Chmn. 
Notts. Q.S. and C.C, an M.P. 1868-74 and 1880 : 
son of 1st Bn. ; b. May 20, 1840 ; sue. 1880 {L. U.) ; 
mar. 1874 Lady Margaret Coke, dau. of 2nd E. of 
Leicester. Seat, Kingston Hall, Derby; town res., 
31 Cadogan Sq., S.W., and Engine Ct., St. James's 
Pal., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belper, U.K. 1856. — The Rt. Hon. 
Edwd. Strutt, Lord Lieut, of Notts., who had married a 
daughter of the Bp. of Chichester, was the 1st Peer. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

The late Hon. William S., b. 1875, d. 1898. 
Hon. Norah S., b. 1876. | 
Hon. Lilian, now Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcohnson, b. ! 
1877, mar. 1901 Vern. Austen M., Esq. Res., 21 
Draycott PI., S.W. 
Hon. Hilda S., h. 1879. 

The deceased Hon. Reginald Edward S., b. 1881, d. 

1388. _ j 

Hon. Algernon Henry S., heir to Barony, Lieut, j 

S. Notts. Imper. Yeom. : b. 18S3 (2nd heir, his 1st 

cousin Edward Lisle S., b. 1374, son of late Hon. j 

Hon. Margaret S., b. i836. 
Hon. Muriel^., b. 1890. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1840.) 

Hon. Frederick S., a C.C. for Derbysh., Mayor of 

Derby 1903, formerly Lieut. S. Notts. Yeom. : b. 

1843. Res., Milford House, Derby. 
Hon. Sophia, now Hon. Lady Le Marchant, b. 1845, 

mar. 1869 (see "Le Marchant, Bt."). 
Hon. Caroline, now Hon, Lady Digby, b. 1848, mar. 

1870 Sir Kenelm Edwd. D., K.C.B., q.v. 
Hon. Mary Emily, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Handford, 

b. 1853, mar. 1893, 2nd husb., Henry H., Esq., 

M.D., F.R.C.P. Res., Hardwicke House, The Park, 


Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Murray Smith, b. i860, 
mar. iS8s Geo. Murray S., Esq. Res., Gumley Hall, 
Mkt. Harborough, Leic, 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur S. (Alice Mary Elizabeth, dau. j 
of the late Ambrose L. M. Phillipps-de-Lislc, Esq.), j 

140 BEL 

Directory of Peerage, 


mar. 1873, wid. 1877. Res., Milford House, Bourne- 

BELSHAW, Edward, I.S.O. (1903), Ch. Clk. to 
Bd. of Education, S. Kensington : b. 1844. 

BEMROSE, Knight. Sir Henry Howe Bern- 
rose, Kt. Bach. (1897), Chmn. of Bemrose and 
Sons, printers &c, Derby, and a Dir. of Parr's 
Derby Bank, Linotype, and other cos., memb. 
of House of Laymen, an M.P. 1895-1900, Mayor 
of Derby 1877, and formerly Capt. 1st Derbysh. 
Vols. : b. 1827, mar. 1855 Charlotte, dau. of Wm. 
Brindley, Esq. lies., Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 

BENARES, H. H. Maharaja Sir Prabhu 
Narayan Singh, Bahadur, of (G.C.I.E. 1898; 
K.C.I.E. 1890), has conferred great benefits 
on Benares by gifts of money and land (titles 
parsonal only, though the ' India List ' adopts his 
usual style of Maharaja of Benares) : b. 1855. 
Ties., Fort Eamnajar, Benares ; Chakya, Mirzapur. 

BENBOW, Knight. Sir Henry Bevlwiv, K.C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), D.S.O. (1891), served in Nile Expedn. 

1884- 5 ; late Ch. Insp. Machinery R.N., ret. 
1893: b. 1838, mar. 1892 Elizabeth Jean, dau. of 
the late Hy. Bird, Esq. lies., Dormans Pk., 
Surrey, nr. E. Grinstead. 

BENDIGO, Bishop of. Rt. Eev. Henry Arch- 
d all Langley, D.D., 1st Bp., late Archdn. of 
Melbourne and Geelong, prev. of Gippsland, has 
been Incumb. of Balmain and Windsor (Sydney) 
and of Prahran (Victoria) : b. 18 — , mar. 1867, 
cons. 1902. Res., Forest Hill, Bendigo, Victoria. 

BENEDERALOCH &c, Baron (Scot. 1677)— 
see " Breadalbane, M. of." 

BENEDICT, Knight's Widow {remrrd. and 
known as Mrs. Frank Laivson : Mary Comber, 
dau. of the late Hy. Fortey, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1879, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Julius Benedict, mus. composer 
(d. 1885) ; 2ndly, 1886, Frank Lawson, Esq. Res., 
104A Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

BENGOUGH Maj.-Gen. Harcourt Mortimer, 
C.B. (Mil. 1886), Crimea. Zululd., and Burma 

1885- 6 ; has cornel, a 2nd class Dist. of Madras, 
troops in Jamaica, and a Brigade at Aldershot ; 
ret. 1898: b. 1837. Res., The Beech House, 
Whitwell, Welwvn, Herts. 

BENJAMIN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Fanny, dau. of Abraham Cohen, Esq., of Syd- 
ney), mar. 1857 Sir Benjamin Benjamin, Kt. 
Bach., formerly M.L.C. of Victoria and Mayor 
of Melbourno (d. 1905). Res., Canally, George 
St., East Melbourne. 

BENN, Maj. Robert Arthur Edward, CLE. 
(1904), LA., late Vice-Cons, for Seistan and Kain 
I (Persia), now a 3rd class Polit. Assist, in India : 
b. 1867. 

BENNET, family name of Tankerville 
Earldom, q.v. for Lady Corisande and Hon. 

BENNETT, Knight. Sir William Henry 
Bennett, K.C.V.O. (1901), F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., and 
Fell, of Roy. Med. and Chirurg. Socs., has been 
Exam, in Surg, at Camb. Univ. &c, is a Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., Sen. Surg, to St. George's 
Hospital, H.M.'s Insp. of Anatomy for the Metro- 
polis, and an author of numerous mod. works : b. 
1852. mar. 1882 Isabel Lloyd, dau. of Thos. Dickin- 
son, Esq. Res., 1 Chesterfield St., Mayfair, W. 

BENNETT, Lt.-Col. Alfred Charles, D.S.O. 
(1902), late W. Yorks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-2. Res., The Cleevelands, Bp.'s Cleeve, 

BENNETT, Maj. Alfred Joshua, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S. W. Mtd. Inf. ; Soudan 1885, S. Africa j 
1900-1: b. 1865. Res., Wagga Wagga, N.S.W. 

BENNETT, Maj. Charles Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 

BENNETT, Courtenay Walter, OLE. (1903), 
British Cons. -Gen. at San Francisco, late Cons, 
at Bilbao, prev. at Panama, Guatemala, Rio 
I Grande do Sul, and Reunion: b. 1855. R es -> 
Brit. Consulate-Gen., San Francisco. 

BENNETT, George Wheatley, I.S.O. (1903), 
! Acct. and Controller-Gen. Customs Dept. : b. 1845. 
I Res., Edendale, Queen Anne Avenue, Bromley, 
I Kent. 

I BENNETT, Engr. - Capt. James Martin 
Cameron, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N., Perak 

BENNETT, Thomas Jewell, OLE. (1903), 
chief proprietor of the Times of India. Res., 
Bombav, and Bryn Cregin, Deganwy, Llandudno. 

BENNETT, Col. William, D.S.O. (1886), 
late Yorks. Regt. ; Eazara 1868 and Nile Expedns. 
1884-6. ret. 1890 : b. 1835. 

BENSON, Capt. Charles Bingley, D.S.O. 
(1902), Roy. Warwicksh. Regt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1876. 

BENSON, Maj. -Gen. Frederick William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), late 17th Lancers; Fenian E aid in 
Canada, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Dir. of Trans- 
ports and Remounts : b. 1849. Res., 28 Pall Mall, 

BENSON, Maj. Henry Wightman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late E. Surrey Regt. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1855. 

BENTINCK, Count. The Most Illustr. William 
Charles Philip Otho Bentinck, 7th Ct. (Graf — 
Holy Rom. Emp., i.e., Austro-Germany, 1732), 
also Ct. of Waldeck - Limpurg and Ct. of 
Aldenburg, Hered. Memb. of Upper II. of Parlt. 
Wiirtemberg, formerly in Engl. Diplom. Serv. : 
bro. of 6th Ct., b. 1848, sue. 1874 as Ct. von B. 
and Aldenburg, and became Ct. of Waldeck-L. 
by contract with his mother in 1888 ; mar. 1877 
Freiherrin Marie Cornelia von Heeckeren-Was- 
senaer (Ctss. or Grafin B.). Res., Gaildorf, 
Wiirtemberg ; Weldam, Goor, Overyssel, Hol- 
land ; Middachten, Arnhern, Gelderland, do. ; 
13 Voorhout, The Hague. 

*#* This house has been reckoned among the Gelderland 
nobility from 1377. All descendants of the 5th Count are 
authorised to prefix "Count" or "Countess" to their 
Christian names for use in this country, but the 
daughters lose the title upon marriage. We have thus 
the following list : 

Counts and Countesses. 
Issue of present (jth) Ct. : 

Ctss. Mtchtild Corisande Renira Mary, now Ctss. 

Castdl, b. 1877, mar. 190s Casimir, Hered. Ct. C. 
Ct. William Frederick Charles Henry B.,heirto 

title, Lieut, in Prussian Gardes du Corps, b. 1880. 
Ct. Fredk. Geo. Unico Wm. B., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 
Ctss. Isabella Antoinette Mary Clementina B., 
b. 1889. 

Issue of 5th Ct. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Count Bentinck. b. 1848.) 
Ct. Chas. Reginald Adelbcit B., Capt. in Prussian 
Army, b. 1853, mar., but mrrge. dissolved: issue— 
Ctss. Mary Amelia Mcchtild Agnes, b. 1879. Res., 
Zuylestein. Utrecht, Holland; 
Ct. Godard John Geo. Chas. B., b. 1857, mar. 1884 
Ctss. Augustine W. Louise A. de Bylandt : issue— 
Ct. Chas. Arthur Reginald Wm. Godard Aug. B., 
b. 188s; Ct. Godard Adrian Hy. Jules, 1). 1887; 
Ctss. Eliz. Mcchtild Marie Sophie Louise, b. 1892; 
Ct. J no. Victor Richd. Rodolphe, b. 1895 ; Ct. Alfred 
Louis Hy. Godard, b. 1897; Ct. William Henry 
Ferdinand Godard, b. 1900. Res., Amerongen 
Castle, Prov. Utrecht. 
Ctss. Victoria Mary Frederica Mechtild B., b. 1863. 
Rks., with Ct. Charles. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BER 141 

— D au. -in-law : 

Ctss. Aldenburg B. (Henrietta Eliza Cathcart. dau. 
of the late llobt, M'Kerrell, Esq.), mar. 1874 the 
late Ct. Hy. C. A. F. W. Aldenburg B. (prev. 6th 
Ct. Bentinck, but on mrrge. resigned title to his 
bro. ; b. 1846, d. 1903); issue— Ct. Robt. Chas., 
b. 1875 ; Renira Christine (late Ctss.), b. 1877, mar. 
1898 Bn. Alex, de Heeckeren de Kell ; Ct. Chas. 
Henry, Attache in For. Off. London, b. 1879 ; Ct. 
Henry Duncan, Lieut. Coldstrm. (Ms., b. 1881 ; 
Ctss. Ursula Victoria Henrietta, b. 1884 ; Ct. Arthur 
"Win. Douglas, and Ctss. Naomi Mechtild Henrietta, 
b. 1887 (twins). Res., Bustard Manor, Martin, 
Salisbury ; 53 Green St., Park Ln., W. 

BENTINCK, Maj. Walter Guv, D.S.O. (1902), 
Rifle Brigade ; S. Africa 1899-1902, now a Magist. 
there : b. 1864. lies., The Residency, Wakker- 
stroom, Transvaal ; Larachmore, Strachan, Ban- 
chory R.S.O., Kincards. 

only, family name of Portland Dukedom, q.v. 
for " Lords " and " Ladies," see also index under 
r Cavendish." 

BENTON, John, CLE. (1902), Ch. Engr. and 
3ec. to Punjab Pub. Works Dept. (Irrig. Branch) , 
ate Supt. Engr. at Mandalay: b. 1850. Res., 

BENUARRAT, Baron of. Giuseppe Attard- 
\Wontalto, 7th Bn. {Malta 1737), Treas. of Cmttee. 

>f Privileges, Malta, and memb. of Soc. of St. 

Vincent de Paul : b. 1870, sue. 1892 (related col- 
laterally to predecessor). Heir pres., his bro. 
[Paolino, dei Baroni Attard-Montalto (b. 1S75 ; 2nd 

ten, hitter's son Angiolino, b. 1898). lies., Marsa 

icala Bay, Malta ; 1 1 Strada Britannica, Valetta. 
BENUARRAT, Baron's Widow. Bnss. B. 

! Angiolina, dau. of Antonio Manduca, dei Conti 
Hi Mont' Alto), mar. 1869 6th Bn. of Benuarrat 
Id. 1892). Res., with present Bn., also at Zeitun, 

BERESFORD, family name of Waterford 
larquessate, which see for all issue styled 

Lord" or "Lady," but the Decies Barony 
Horsley-Beresf ord) , and below, for " Hons." 

BERESEORD, Baron {Irel. 1720)— see " Water- 
prd, M. of." 

BERESEORD, Knight and Peer's Son. 
.dm. Lord Charles William de la Poer Beres- 
hrd, K.C.B. (Mil. 1903), K.C.V.O. (same year), 
bpeatedly an M.P., and was Nav. A.D.C. to late 
I ,ueen and Jun. Lord of Admiralty, served at 
Alexandria (where he was appd. Gov.) and in 
ile Expedn., accompd. H.R.H. Prince of Wales 
low H.M. the King) to India 1875-6, now Com. 

Meditn. Fleet : son of 4th M. of Waterford 
id uncle of present Peer; b. 1846, mar. 1878 
ina, dau. of the late Richd. Gardner, Esq., 
.P. (Lady Charles B.). Res., Park Gate House, 
am Common, Richmond, Surrey. 
BERESFORD, Hon. Mrs. John (George), dau. 
1st Bn. Denman. 

BERESFORD, John Stuart, CLE. (1900), 
.I.C.E., late Ch. Engr. and Joint Sec. Works 
nig.) Dept. of India, in I.C.S. 1867-1900: b. 
45. Res., 2 Carlton Gdns., Ealing, W. 
BERESFORD, Marcus Henry De La Poer, 
3.0. (1904), Sec. to Administration, Nthn. 
geria: b. 1854 (descendt. of 1st E. of Tyrone). 
s., Zungeru, N. Nigeria. 

BERESFORD (HORSLEY-), family name of 
:oies Barony (see " Beresford " above). 
3ERESF0RD (MASSY-) , Hon. Mrs. John, 
.. of 1st Bn. Dunleath. 

BERGAVENNY, Baron {Eng. 1392, con- 
firmed 1450)— see " Abergavenny, M. of ." 

BERGNE, Knight. Sir (John) Henry Gibbs 
Bergne, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), K.C.M.G. (1888), has 
been chief of two Depts. in For. Off. and taken 
part in various Conferences, &c, having been 
located at Halifax (N.S.), Berne, Rome, Madrid, 
Brussels, Paris, and Washington, ret. 1902 : b. 
1842, mar. 1878 a relative, Mary a Court, dau. of 
the late Rev. S. B. Bergne. Res., 13 Pembroke 
Rd., Kens., W. 

BERKELEY {pron. Barkly), family name of 
Berkeley Earldom and of Fit zhardinge Barony 
(no issue of the name to either ; see below). 

BERKELEY, Baroness. Eva Mary Fitz- 
hardinge Foley, Bnss. 16th in line (21st of orig. 
creatioa ; Eng.) : dau. of prev. Bnss. and of Maj.- 
Gen. Gustavus H. L. Miiman, R. A. ; b. March 4, 
1875 ; sue. 1899 ; mar. 1903 Capt. Frank Wigram 
Foley, D.S.O., q.v. Seat, Martin's Heron, Brack- 
nell, Berks. 

Creation. Bn. Berkeley, Eng. 1421 (orig. 1295).— The 
6th feudal Lord of Berkeley had accompanied Edward I. 
in his W elsh wars, aDd was the 1st Bn. B. by writ under 
the summons of 1295. His successors each received 
the same summons till the death of the 5th Bn. in 
1417. This nobleman left an only child, a daughter 
Elizabeth, to whom by right the title should have 
descended. The writ, however, was issued in 1421 to Jas 
de Berkeley, nephew of the late Peer, and this Sir H. 
Nicolas regards as a new creation and "the beginning of 
the present Barony of Berkeley-" As to the title dejure, 
it passed from the above Elizabeth to her three daughters, 
involving an abeyance which has never been terminated. 
The sth Bu. was knighted on Elodden Field by the 
Earl of Surrey. Tiie oth Bn. was created an Earl, but 
the succession to that title was not open to females 
as in the case of the Barony, so that on the death of 
the 6th Earl without issue in 1882, the two Peerages 
became separated as at present. The Bnss. 15th in line 
(nie Berkeley) changed the family name by her marriage 
with Maj. -Gen. Gustavus Miiman, but her daughter the 
present Peeress has again (1903) introduced a change by 
her union with Capt. Foley. 


Dau. of present Bnss. : 

Hon. Foley, heiress pres. to Bny., b. 1905. 

(Co-heirs ranking 2nd, numerous descendants of 
the 2nd and 3rd daus. of sth Earl.) 

BERKELEY, Earl of. Randal Mowbray 
Thomas Berkeley, 8th Earl {Eng.), formerly Lieut. 
R.N. : son of 7th E. ; b. Jan. 31, 1865; sue. 
i883, claim estabd. 1891 {L. U.); mar. 1887 the late 
Kate (d. 1898), widow of Arth. Jackson, Esq., 
and dau. of Wm. Brand, Esq. Heir, none. 
Res., Foxcombe, Boar's Hill, Berks., nr. Oxford. 

Ckeatioxs. E. of Berkeley and Vise. Dursley, Eng. 
1679.— The 7th Earl, who succeeded dejure on the death 
in 1882 of the 6th Earl and 14th Bn. (see preceding art.), 
never took steps to establish his claim, which task had 
therefore to be undertaken, after his death in 1888, by i 
his successor, the present Eari. 

BERKELEY, Earl's Widow. (Dowager) 
Countess of B. (Cecile, dau. of the late Edward 
Drummond, Esq., in France Vicomte de Melfort), 
mar. i860 (after*divorce from 1st husb.) 7th E. of 
Berkeley (d. 1888). 

BERKELEY, Knight. Sir Henry Spencer 
Berkeley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of Fiji, 
now Attorn. -Gen. of Hong Kong; prev. Solic.-Gea. 
&c. of Leeward Is. and has been Acting Gov. of 
Fiji and High Commissr. for W. Pacific : b. 1851, 
mar. 1878 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Fredk. 
S. Cassin, Esq., of Antigua. Res., The Park, 
Hong Kong. 

BERKELEY, Capt. Christopher Robert, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Welsh Regt. ; S. Africa 1900: b. 
1877 (descended from 6th Bn. Berkeley). 



Directory of Peerage, 


BERKELEY, Ernest James Lennox, C.Bj 
(Civ. Cons. -Gen. at Tunis, late Commissi?, 

and. Cons.-Gen. for Uganda Protect., admifid. 
Brit. E. Afr. Co.'s Territs. 1891-2 ; formerly in 
Army: b. 1857. Res., Brit. Cons.-Gen., Tunis. 

BERKELEY, Essex Digby, I.S.O. (1902), Clk. 
of Accts. in Seott. Pay Dept. : b. 1843. Le 
Hocc[, Victoria Rd., Upp. Norwood, S.E. 

BERKELEY, Maj.-Gen. James Cavan, CLE. 
(1888), LA. Supermini. List; formerly Res. in 
Kashmir, Nepal, &c. : b. 1839. Res., Rahere, 
The Avenue, Branksome Pk., Bournemouth. 

BERKELEY, Lady (Mary) Catherine, dau. 
of 3rd E. of Kenmare. 
BERKSHIRE, Earl op {Eng. 1626) — see 
1 " Suffolk and Berks., E. of." 
I BERNAL, Frederic, C.M.G. (1891), formerly 
! Cons, at Madrid, Carthagena (Colombia, S.A.). 
! and Baltimore, and Cons.-Gen. at Havre : b. 1828! 
j Rts., 94 Cheriton Rd., Eolkestone. 
j BERNAL, Capt. Greville Hugh Woodley, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), lateDerb. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 

: 1899-1900. 

I BERNARD, family name of Bandon Earldom, 
I q.v. for " Ladies." 

I BERNARD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Susan Capel, dau. of Rev. R. Tawney), mar. 
1862 Sir Chas. Edwd. Bernard, K.C.S.I., formerly 
Sec. to Ind. Govt, in three Depts. (d. 1901). 
Res., Camberley, Surrey. 

BERNARD, Viscount {Irel. 1800), a title of the 
Bandon Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

BERN AYS, Lewis Adolphus, C.M.G. (1892), 
F.L.S., Clerk to Legisl. Assemb. Queensland, 
belongs to numerous scient. socs. : b. 1831. Ad- 
dress, Houses of Parliamt., Brisbane. 

BERNERS, Baroness. Emma Harriet 
Tyrwhitt (pron. Tirril), Bnss. 7th in line {Eng.) : 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Robt. "Wilson, son of 
5th Bn. and bro. of 6th ; b. Nov. 18, 1835 ; sue. 
1871 ; mar. 1853 the late Sir Hy. Thos. Tyrwhitt, 
3rd Bt. (d. 1894). Seat, Ashwellthorpe, Norwich. 

Creation. Bn. Berners, Eng. 1455 (abe3'ant 1532-1720, 
and 1743-1832).— The 1st Baron was Sir Jno. Bourchier, 
K.G., 4th son of Wm, Comte d'Eu in Normandy. Owing 
to female descent, the surname changed to Knyvet and 
then to Wilson. 


The lat Hon. Harry Tyrwhitt Wilson, b. i3g4, d. 

Hon. Sir Raymond Robert Tyrwhitt- Wilson, heir 

to Barony, 4th Bt. (q.v. under "Wilson"), b. 1855. 
Commod. Hon. Hugh T., 2nd heir, M.V.O. (4th Class, 

1903), R.N., late Priv. Sec. to First Lord of 

Admiralty, now on II. M.S. ' Renown' for Indian 

tour of H.R.H. Prince of Wales b. 1856, mar. 

1882 Julia Mary, dau. of Wm. 0. Foster, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Hugh T.). Res., 28 Egerton Gdns., 

Broinpton Rd., S.W. 
Hon. Clement T., b. 1857, mar. 1884 Annette, dau. 

of W. Webb, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Clement T.). 
Hon. Rupert Maj. R.A., b. 1859, mar. igco Louise 

Isabel Frances, dau. of Walter F. W. Wells, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Rupert T.). 
Hon. Ardyn Mary, now The Lady Knollys, b. 1860, 

mar. 1887 Sir Fras. K., K.C.M.G., now 1st Bn. K., 


Hon. Philip Bourchier T., late Sub-Lieut. R.N., b. 

Rev. the Hon. Leonard Francis T., M.A., a Chapl. 

in Ord. to H.M., b. 1863. Res., Fenton Vicarage, 

The lata Hen. Thomas Knyvet T., b. 1864, d. 1886. 
Hon. Sibyl Grace, now Hon. Mrs. James Wheeler, 

b. 1866, mar. 1895 Jas. Volant W., Esq. Res., 

Bitterley Ct., Ludlow, Salop. 
Hon. Hester Efa T, b. 1869. 
Hon. John T., b. 1876. 

BERNEY, Baronet. Sir Henry Hanson ! 
Birney, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1620), LL.B., son of 8th Bt., 
b. 1843, sue. 1870, mar. 1866 Jane Dorothy, dau. 
of the late Rev. Andrew Bloxam. Heir, Ms grand- j 
son Thomas Reedhak (b. 1893 ; 2nd heir, latter's ' 
bro. Richard Geoffrey Gordon, b. 1897). ^ es -> 
Bitrncrook, Moffat, Dumfriessh. 

BERRANGE (Berrange), Maj. Christian 
Anthony Lawson, C.M.G. (1902), S. Africa in 
Cape Police 1902. 

BERRIED ALE, Baron {Scot. 1543, orig. 1455), 
a title of the Caithness Earldom, borne (as 
"Lord ") by the heir when a son. 

BERRY, Knight. Hon. Sir William Bisset 
Berry, Kt. Bach. (1900), M.A., M.D., Speaker of 
H. of Assembly, Cape Colony : b. 1839, widower. 
Res., Cape Town. 

BERRY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Madge, 
dau. of Jno. B. Evans, Esq.), mar. 1869, as 2nd 
wife, Hon. Sir Graham Berry, K. C.M.G., Premier 
of Victoria (d. 1904). Res., Melbourne. 

BEERY, Henry FitzPatrick, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., M.R.I.A., E.S.A. (Ireld.), Assist. Keeper 
Irish Record Office : b. 1847. Res., 51 Waterloo 
Rd., Dublin. 

BERTIE {pron. Barty), family name of the 
two Earldoms, Asingdon and Lindsey. See the 
f ormer for all issue except Lady Muriel. Towneley- 
Bertie is the surname of Lord Norreys and his 
issue (see under "Abingdon "). 

BERTIE, Lord, courtesy-title of the heir of E. 
of Lindsey when a son (not a title of the Earldom, 
but the f am. name utilised in default of a 2nd title) . 

BERTIE, Priv. Counc, Knight, and Peer's 
Son. Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) Sir Erancis Leveson 
Bertie, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1903), G.C.M.G. (1904), 
G.C.V.O. (1903), K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Ambass. at 
Paris (from Jan. 1905), prev. at Rome, late Assist. 
Under Sec. for Eor. Affairs, has served on two 
important Missions, including that of Lords 
Beaconsfield and Salisbury to Berlin : son of 6th 
E. of Abingdon and bro. of present Peer ; b. 1844, 
mar. 1874 Lady Feodorowna Cecilia Wellesley, 
dau. of 1st Earl Cowlev. Res., Brit. Embassy. 

BERTRAM, Knight. Sir George Clement Ber- 
tram, Kt. Bach. (1885), M. A., late Bailiff of Jersey 
(1884-98), prev. Attorn.-Gen. &c. : b. 1841, mar. 
1866 Anna Maria, dau. of Gen. Edwd. J. Lawder, 
M.S.C. Res,, 45 Argyll Rd., Kens., W. 

BERTRAM, Louis John, C.M.G. (1904),! 
Auditor-Gen. of Jamaica, prev. in Gold Coast 
and Windward Is. Res., Kingston. 

BERWICK, Baron. Thomas Henry Noel- 
11 ill, 8th Bn. {Gt. Br.), B.A., Lieut. Shropsh. 
Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Attache" to Brit. Emb. at 
Paris : nephew of 7th Bn. and sen of Rev. the 
Hon. Thos. Noel Noel-Hill ; b. June 2, 1877 I 
sue. 1897 {('.); unmrrd. Seat, Attingham Hall 
Shrewsbury; offic. res., Brit. Emb., Paris; town 
house, 8 Clarges St., Piccadilly, W. 

Creation. Bn. Berwick, Gt. Br. 1784.— Noel Hill, the 
1st Bn., had represented Shropshire in three Parlia-i 
meats. The name Noel was first adopted as a surname 
by the 4th Peer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Sist. of present {8th) Bn. (granted rank of a Bn.'f 
dau. 1901) : 

Hon. Mary Selina N.-H., b. 1375. Res., with Baron. 
(Present Baron, b. 1877.) 

BEE, Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BHA 143 

Aunt of present Bn. (granted rank of a Bn.'s dau. 

(The late 7th Baron, b. 1847, d. childless 1897.) 
Hon. Anne N.-H., b. 1852. Res., Cronkhill, Shrews- 

Heir pres. to Barony (a 1st cons, onee rem., grand- 
son of 4th Bn.) : 
Rev. Charles N.-Ii., M.A.., b. 1848, mar. 1891 
Edith Mary, dau. of the late Rev. Riou G. Benson. 
Res., The Rectory, Church Btretton R.S.O., Salop. 
(2nd heir, his son Charles Michael Wentworth, 
b. x8 37 .) 

BERWICK, Baron's Widow. The Lady B. 
(Ellen, dau. of Herr Bruckspatron Nystrom, of 
Sweden), mar. 1869 7th Bn. Berwick (d. 1897). 
I Res., 2 Cadogan Ct. Gdns., S.W. 
I BESSBOROUGH, Earl of. Eev. Walter 
: William Brabazon Ponsonby (pron. Pun'sonby), 
! 7th Earl (Irel.), sits as Bn. Ponsonby (Gt. Br.); 
I M.A., late Rector of Stutton, ipswich : bro. of 
I 5th and 6th Earls and son of 4th ; b. Aug. 13, 
j 1821 ; sue. 1895 (L. U.) ; mar. 1850 Lady Louisa 
Susan Comwallis Eliot, dau. of 3rd E. of St. 
Germans. Seats, Bessborough, Piltown R.S.O., 
[ Co. Kilkenny ; Garryhill, "Bagenalstown, Co. 
i Carlow; town res., 38 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Bessborough, 1721 ; Vise. Dun- 
cannon, 1723; E. of Bessborough, 1739. Gt. Br.: Bn. 
Ponsouby (of Sysonby), T749. U.K. : Bn. Duncannon, | 
1834.— This Peerage commenced with Wm. Ponsonby, 
M.P. for Co. Kilkenny and a P.O., who received the 
Irish Barony and Viscty., his son becoming an Earl and 
an Imperial Bn. The U. K. Barony was added to the 4th 
Earl, who was afterwards Lord Lieutenant of IreiaDd. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (jth) E. : 

Vise. Duncannon, heir to Earldom : Edward P., 
C.V.O. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1895), a D.L. and C.C. for 
Kilkenny, Lieut. R.N. retired, barrister-at-law, 
was Sec. to Speaker (Peel) of H. of Commons, 
High Sheriff of Carlow 1898 : b. 1351, mar. 1875 ' 
Blanche Vcre Guest, sist. of 1st Bn. Wimborne. i 
Res., Bessborough and Garryhill, with the Earl ; 1 
17 Cavendish Sq., W. Issue : 
Hon. Ohven Verena, now The Lady Oranmore j 
and Browne, b. 1876, mar. 1901 3rd Bn. O. & B., ! 

Hon. Helena Blanche Irene, now Hon. Mrs. John | 
Congreve, b. 1878, mar. 1904 John C, Esq. Res., j 
Mount Congreve, Waterford, 

Hon. VereBrabazonP.,2nd heir, B.A., barrister- 
at-law, 2nd Lieut. Bucks. Iinper. Yeom. : b. ' 

Hon. Cyril Mylcs Brabazon P., M.V.O. (5th Class, I 
1901), Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in S. Africa \ 
1902, late. A.D.C. to Gov. of Ceylon : b. 1881. 

Hon. Bertie Brabazon P., b. 1885. 

Hon. Gweneth Frida P., b. 1S88. 
Lady Maria P. (" May "I, b. 1852. 

Hon. Cyril Walter P., Lieut, of City of London : b. ! 

1853, mar. 1893 Emily H. Eyre, dau. of Rev. H. j 

Addington (Hon. Mrs. Cyril P.). Res. , 31 Grosvenor 

Rd., S.W. ; ss AViiburv Rd., Hove, Brighton. 
Hon. Granville P., Chief of Police, St. Lucia, W. I.: 

b. 1854, mar. 1879 Mabel, dau. of ihe late Hon. 

Chas. Jackson, of Jamaica (Hon. Mrs. Granville 

P.). Res., Choc, Castries, St. Lucia. 
Hon. Arthur Cornwallis P., b. 1856. 
Lady Ethel Jemima, now The Lady Raglan, b. 1857, 

mar. 1883 3rd Bn. R., q.v. 
Hon. AValter Gerald P., barrister-at-law, b. 1859. 
Lady Sara Kathleen, now Lady Kathleen Skinner, 

b. 1861, mar. 1883 Chas. L. Andrewes S., Esq. 

Res., 57 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (bros, of present): 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1809, d. childless 1880.) 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1815, d. unmrrd. 1895.) 
(Present Earl, b. 1821.) 

Rt. Hon. Sir Spencer Cecil Brabazon Ponsonby-Fane, 
G.C.B., b. 1824, see art. under "Fane." 
j Hon. Gerald Henry Brabazon P., formerly Priv. Sec. 
to E. of Clarendon and Vise. Palmerston, attached 
to Earl Granville's Mission to Russia 1856 : b. 1829, 
. . ___ 

mar; 1858 Lady Maria Emma Catherine Coventry, 
sist. of 9th E. of Coventry (raised to rank of an 
Earl's dau.). Res., 3 Stratford Pi., Oxford St., W. 
— Dau.-in-laiv : 

Lady Maria E. Cath. P., see preceding. 
BEST, family name of Wyxford Barony, q.v. 
for "Hons." 

BETHELL, family name of We steury Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons." 

BETHELL, Col. Edward Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., Afghn. 1878-80, S. Africa 1899- 
1902 as A.A.G., now Ch. Engr. Southern Comd. : 
b. 1854. 

BETHUNE (pron. Beetun), family name of 
Lindsay Earldom, q.v. for Hon. Archibald. 

BETHUNE, Brig.-Gen. Edward Cecil, C.B. 
(Mil. 1905), late 16th Lancers ; Afghn. 1878-80, 
Transvaal 1881, and S. Africa, was D.AiA.G. 
Bombay 1898, now on Gen. Staff Southern Comd. : 
b. 1855. 

BEVAN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Louise, 
dau. of the late Niven Kerr, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir 
Alfd. H. Bevan, late Sheriff of Lond. and Middx. 
(d. 1900). Pes., 39 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

BE VAN, Hon. Mrs. David, dau. of 1st Vise. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edmund, dau. of 5th Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edwyn, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Molesworth. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of 3rd Vise. 

BEVAN, Lady Mary Wilfreda, dau. of 9th 
Earl Waldegrave. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Yorke, dau. of 10th Bn. 

BEVERIDGE, Maj. Wilfred William 
Ogilvy, D.S.O. (1902), R.A.M.C. ; S. Africa 1902 : 
b. 1864. 

BEVERLEY, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Robert 
Jarratt Crosthwaite, D.D., Bp. Suff. in York 
Dioc, Archdn. of York, and Reet. of Bolton 
Percy, formerly Vic. of St. Lawrence's, York : 
b. 1837, cons. 1889, mar. 1887 2nd wife. Pes-., The 
Rectory, Bolton Percy R.S.O., Yorks. 

BEVERLEY, Earl of {Gt. Br. 1790)— see 
" Northumberland, D. of." 

BEVTLLE, Gen. George Francis, C.B. (Mil. 
1893), LA. Supermini. List ; Mutiny 1857-9, 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1880-1, comd. a 2nd 
class Dist. of Bombay 1889-94: b. 1837. Pes., 
41 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BEWLE Y, Knight. Sir Edmund Thomas Bew- 
ley, Kt. Bach. (1898), M.A., LL.D., late Judge of 
Supr. Ct. of Ireld. and Judic. Commissi'. Ir. Land 
Commssn., appd. Q..C. 1882, formerly Reg. Prof, 
of Feudal and Eng. Law in Dubl. Univ., author 
of various leg. and other works : b. 1837, mar. 1866 
Anna Sophia Stewart, dau. of Hy. C. Colles, Esq. 
Pes., 40 Eitzwilliam PL, Dublin. 

BEYNON, Lt.-Col. William George Law- 
rence, D.S.O. (1895), I.A., Hazara 1888, Chitral 
Relief, and Tirah, Somalild. 1901, Thibet 1904, 
formerly Assist. Mil. Sec. to Ind. Govt. : b. 1866. 

BHANUWONGSE (H. E.), Chao Phya, Maha 
Kosa, Tibodi ti Phraklang, K.C.M.G. (Hon. 1880), 
of Siam. 

*#* The explanation of this series of titles has been 
courteously supplied us from the Siamese Legation: 
Chao Phya is the highest title in the nobility, taken as 
equal to Duke (Phya alone equals Marquess), while 
Maha Kosa corresponds to His Grace or His Lordship, 
so that " Chao Phya Bhanuwongse, Maha Kosa " may be 
rendered "His Nobility the Duke Bhanuwongse" (the 

144 BHA 

Directory of Peerage, 

English prefix of H.E. being rendered superfluous). 
The additional words Tibudi ti Phraklang imply 
" Administrator of Finances." 

BHASHYAM IYENGAR — see " Aiyangar." 

BHATAWADEKAR, Sir Bhalchandea 
Krishna, Kt. Bach. (1900), Chnan. of Standing 
Cmttee. Bombay Munic. Corp., and of Ind. Temp. 
Assoc., is a Syndic in Medicine: b. 1852. Res., 

BHAUNAGAR— see following. 

Thakur Sabeb Sir, K.C.S.I. (1904), of Bhaunagar, 
a Ruling Prince of India and Cnief of a tribe of 
Gohil Rajputs : b. 1875, mar. 1893 Prss. Devkun- 
varba. lies., The Nilambag Palace, Bhaunagar, 

BHOPAL, Begum of. H.H. the Nawab Sultm 
Jahan, G.C.LE. (1904), a Puling Princess : mar. 
1874 Ahmad Ali Khan, of Afghanistan. Res., 
Bhopal, Centr. India. 

*#* Like her predecessor who died in 1901 and was a 
G.C.S.I., she is the only lady in the British Dominions 
who bears a title of Knighthood. 

BHOWNAGGREE, Knight. Sir Mancherjee 
Merwanjee Bhownaggree, K.C.I.E. (1897), M.P. 
forN.E. BethnalGin. (C), barrister-at-law (Line. 
Inn), Fell. Bomb. "Univ., late Judic. Counc. and 
head of State Agency, Bhaunagar, is a memb. 
of League of Mercy : b. 1851, mar. 1872. Res., 196 
Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

BIANCARDI (GRECH-), Lt.-Col. Nicola, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Roy. Malta Militia, and 
Colonial A D.C. to the Governor. Res., 15 Strada 
Cristoforo, Valetta. 

BICKERSTETH, Bishop (retired). Rt. Rev. 
Edward Henry Bickersteth, D.D., late 62nd Bp. of 
Exeter (1885-1900), prev. Dean of Gloucester : b. 
1825, mar. 1876, 2nd wife. Res., 95 Westbourne 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Lavinia Louisa, dau. 
of 6th E. of Abingdon. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Margaret, dau. of 4th 
E. of Ashburnham. 

BICKEORD, Vice-Adm. Andrew Kennedy, 
C.M.G. (1885), Japan 1863, on Irish Coast and 
in operations in Egypt and Sumatra, late Capt. 
Supt. of Sheerness JJckyd. and Naval A.D C. to 
Queen Victoria, late Com. -in-Ch. on Pacific station : 
b. 1844. Res., The Grange, Uckfield, Sussex. 

BIDDULPH, Baron. Michael Biddulph, 1st 
Bn. ( U.K.), a D.L. for Herefordsh., an M.P. 1865- 
1900, a partner in the bank of Cocks, Biddulph, 
and Co. : son of the late Robt. Biddulph, Esq., 
M.P. ; b. Feb. 17, 1834; cr. Baron 1903 (C.) ; mar., 
1st, 1864, Adelaide (ieorgiana (d. 1872), dau. of 
the late Gen. the Rt. Hon. Jonathan Peel, M.P. ; 
2ndly, 1877, Lady Elizabeth Philippa (nee Yorke), 
V.A., dau of 4th E. of Hardwicke and widow of 
Hy. J. Adeane, Eso_., M.P. Sea's, The Park, Led- 
bury, Herefs. ; Kemble House, Cirencester; town 
res., 19 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Biddulph, 1:03. 



The deceased Adela Margaret Mary B., b. iS6<, d. 1876. 
Hon. Edith Hon. Mrs. Charles Bell, b. 1866, 

mar. 1891 Chas. Wentworth B., Esq. Res., Bronsil, 

Eastnor, Ledbury, Herefs. 
Hon. Violet Maud B., b. 1868. 

Hon. JoaN Michael Gordon B., heir to Barony, a 
Dir. of Equit. Life Assur. Soc. : b. 1869, mar. 1896 
Marjorie Caroline Susan, dau. of the late Col. ffm. 
Mure, of Caldwell, N.B. Res., 6 Eaton PI., S.W. 
(2nd heir his sou Michael AVilliam, b. 1898.) 

Hon. Claud William B., a D.L. for Herefordsh., 
b. 1871. Res., 7 Park PI., St. James's St., 8, W. 

BIDDULPH, Baronet. Sir Theophilus 
George Biddulph, 8th Bt. (Eng. 1664), son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1874, sue. 1883. Heir pres., a remote 
(3rd) cousin, William Hugh B. (b. 1869; no 
2nd heir). Res., unfixed. 

BIDDULPH, KniohT. Gen. Sir Robert Bid- 
dulph, G.C.B. (Mil. 1899), G.C.M.G. (1886; 
K.C.M.G. 1880), R.A. retd. (1902), served in 
Crimea, Mutiny, China, &c, High Commissr. in 
Cyprus 1879-86, has been Dir.-Gen. of Mil. Educ. 
and twice Q.M.G. to the Forces, late Gov. of Gib- 
raltar: b. 1835 (bro. of Bn. Biddulph), widower 
(twice) . Res.. 83 Cornwall Gdns , S. Kens., S.W. 

BIDDULPH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Katherine, dau. of Capt. Stamati, Comdt. of 

I Balaklava), mar, 1857 Gen. Sir Mich. A. S. 
Biddulph, G.C.B. , Gentn. Usher of the Black 

i Rod (d. 1904). Res., Hampton Ct. Palace. 

j BIDDULPH, Lady (Sarah) Wilfreda, dau. of 
1st E. of Selborne. 
BIDIE, Surg.-Gen. George, CLE. (1883), 

I M.B., F.Z.S., an Hon. Surg, to H.M., formerly 

I to Ind. Viceroy, retired from Army 1890 ; is 

j attached to numerous learned Socs. : b. 1830. Res., 
Bridge of Allan, Stirlingsh. 

] BIGGE, Knight. Lt.-Col. Sir Arthur John 
Bigge, G.C.V.O. (1901), K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C.M.G. (1901), I.S.O. (1903), R.A. retd., served 

I in Zulu War, now an Extra Equerry to H.M. and 

j Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales : 
b. 1849, mar. 1881 Constance dau. of the late Rev. 

j Wm. F. Neville and gt. granddau. of 2nd Bn. 

i Braybrooke. Res., Warren Lodge, Thursley, 

I God'alming ; Colour Ct., St. James's Pal., S.W. 

i BIGGE, Lewis Amherst Selby,C.B. (Civ. 1905). 
BIGGE, Ma j. -Gen. Thomas Scovell Charles, 
C.B. (Mil. 1905), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. (1882) ; 
Crimea and Mutiny : b. 1837. Res., The Lye 
House, St. Albans. 

BIGGS, Lt.-Col. Henry Vero, D.S.O. (1898), 
R.E., Zhob Valley 1884, Burma 1885-7, N.W. 
Front. 1897-8 : b. i860. 

BIGGS (YEATMAN-), Bishop— see " Worces- 
ter." His wife, Lady Barbara Caroline Y.-B., 
is a dau. of 4th E. of Dartmouth (q.v.). 

BIGHAM, Knight. Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bigham, Kt. Bach. (1897), officially "Mr. Justice 
Bigham," a Judge of Bankruptcy Div. of the 
High Ct. (thence "Hon.") and Pres. of the 
Railway Commissn., appd. Q.C. 1883, late an 
M.P. : b. 1840, mar. 1871 Georgina, dau. of Jno. 
Rogers, Esq., of Liverpool. Res.. 22 Grosvenor PL. 
S.W. ; chamb., 652 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BIGHAM, Capt. Charles Clive, C.M.G. 
(1901), late Gren. Gds. ; China 1900; has been 
Hon. Attache to Brit. Legat. or Emb. at Peking, 
St. Petersburg, and Constantinople, and A.D.C. 
to Lord-Lieut, of Ireld. (Earl Cadogan), late on 
Intell. Div. at Headqrs., now at Bd. of Trade: 
b. 1872 (son of Mr. Justice Bigham) . Res., 14 
St. James's PL, S.W. 

BIGNOLD, Knight. Sir Arthur Bignold, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), M.P. for Wick Burghs (C), 
B.A., LL.B., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., Chief of Gaelic 
Soc. of Scotld., formerly of Lond. Stock Exchge. : 
b. 1839, widower. Ncs., Loch Rosque Castle, 
Achnasheen R.S.O., Ross-sh. ; Strathbran Lodge 
and Cabuie Lodge, Achanalt R.S.O., same Co.; 
town res., 2 Curzon St., Mayfair, W. 

BIKANIR, the Maharaja of. Maj. H. H. 
Raj Rajeshwar Shiromani Sliri Sir Ganga Singh, 
Bahadur, K.C.S.I. (1904), K.C.I.E. (1901), a Ruling 
Chief of India, served in China 1900, an Hon. 

BIL Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 

bir 145 

A.D.C. to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales : b. 1880, 
mar. 1897. Res., Bikanir, Rajputana. 

BILIOTTI, Knight. Sir Alfred Biliotti, 
K.C.M.G. (1896), C.B. (Civ. 1890), late Consul- 
Gen, at Salonica, formerly for island of Crete, 
prev. Vice-Cons, at Rhodes and Cons, at Trebi- 
zond; superintended excavations of Halicamassus, 
and discovered Necropolis at Rhodes : b. 1833, mar. 
1889 a French ladv. 

BINGHAM, family name of Lucas Earldom 
and of Clanmorris Barony. Index to the two 
lines (all " Honourables ") : 

Albert Edwd. l. Edwd. B. S. c. Ierue Maude, c. 
Albert Yelrrtn. c. Eleanor C. A. c. Ina Florence, c. 
Alex. Fredc. l. Emily I. Flor. c. Isabella C. S. c. 
Arthur M. R. c. Richd. h. Jno. Denis Y. 0. 
Barbara Violet, l. George C. Patk. l. Jno. Edwd. l. 
Barry, Mrs. Jno., c.George Rodk. B. c. Lionel Ernest, l. 
Burton, Mrs., c. Harriette I. M. c. Richard, Adm. l. 
Cecil Edwd. l. Hugh T. de B. c. Richd. Ger. A. c. 
Clare Alice, c. 

BINGHAM, Baronet. Col. Sir John Edward 
Bingham, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), V.D., a Dir. of large 
industrial concerns in Sheffield, Hon. Col. 1st W. 
Rid. R. E. Vols., has been twice Master Cutler 
of Sheffield : son of the late Edward Bingham. 
Esq., b. 1839, mar. 1863 Maria, dau. of Wm. 
Fawcett, Esq. Heir, bis son Albert Edward, 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. R.E. Vols. (b. 1868; no 2nd 
heir) . Bes. , "West Lea , Ranmoor, Sheffield . 

BINGHAM, Lord (by courtesy), eld. son and 
heir of E. of Lucan, q.v. (title subst. for Lord 
Lucan, using the fam. name). 

BINGHAM (SMITH-), Maj. Oswald Buckley 
Bingham (i.e. O. B. Bingham Smith-Bingham), 
D.S.O. (1901), 3rd Drgn. Gds.; S. Africa 1901-2: 
b. 186S. 

BINNIE, Knight. Sir Alexander Richard- 
son Binnie, Kt. Bach. (1897), M.I.C.E., lateEngr. 
toL.C.C, constructed the new Blackwall Tunnel ; 
prev. in Pub.Works Dept. India : b. 1839, widower. 
Res., 77 Ladbroke Grove, Notting Hill, W. 

BINNIE, James, I.S.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools, Scotld. : b. 1842. 

BINNING, Lord (by courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Haddington. The title in the Earl- 
dom is " Bn. of Binning and Byres " (Scot. 1613). 

BINNY, Capt. Steuart Scott, D.S.O. (1902), 
19th Hussars ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

BIRCH, Knight. Sir Arthur (Nonus) Birch, 
K.C.M.G. (i836), Agent to Bank of England, 
Burlington Gdns. ; acting Gov. of Brit. Columbia 
1866-7, aftds. Lt.-Gov. of Penang and Ceylon : 
b. 1837, widower. Res., 1 Old Burlington St., W. 

BIRCH, Knight's "Widow. Lady B. (May, 
dau. of Capt. Geo. P. Burden), mar. 1868, as 2nd 
wife, Lt.-Gen. Sir Richd. J. H. Birch, K.C.B. (d. 
1875) . Res., 8 Lovaine Terr., King's Rd., Eulham, 

BIRCH, Claude Churchill, I.S.O. (1905), 
Princ. Clerk at Admiral' y. 

BIRCH, Capt. Edward Massy, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
R.A., S. Africa 1899-1903, late as a Remount 
Offr. : b. 1875- 

BIRCH, Ernest Woodford, C.M.G. (1900), late 
Gov. of Labuan (with Nth. Borneo, Sarawak, and 
Brunei), formerly held posts at Malacca, Singa- 
pore, &c, now Resid. at Perak : b. 1857. Res., 
Perak, Straits Settlemts. ; Wolverton, Bexhill- 
on-Sea R.S.O. 

BIRCH, Maj. James Richard Kemmis, D.S.O. 
(1902), Cheshire Regt. ; Soudan 1885, and on Staff 
in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BIRCHENOUGH, Henry, C.M.G. (1905), late 

Spec. Commissr. on Prospects of Brit. Trade in S 

BIRD, Knight. Gen. Sir George Corrie 
Bird, K.C.I.E. (1899), C.B. (Mil. 1889), LA. 
Supemum. List, served in Mutiny, Afghanistan 
1878-80, Tochi 1897, late comdg. Oudh Dist., prev. 
Chin Hills : b. 1838, mar. 1872 Emily Ellen, dau. 
of the late Maj .-Gen. Hy. D. Manning. 

BIRD, Christopher John, C.M.G. (1901), 
Princ. Under Sec. in Natal, in C.S. of that Colony 
from 1874 : b. 1855. Res., Pietermaritzburg. 

BIRD, Maj. Robert, CLE. (1905), M.D., 
I.M.S., Surg, to the Viceroy : b. 1866. 

BIRD, Col. Spencer Godfrey, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Roy. Dubl. Eus. ; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1854. 

BIRD, Maj. Wilkinson Dent, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. W. Surrey Regt. ; Niger 1897, 
N.W. Frontier, S. Africa with Mtd. Inf. 1899-1900, 
late Ch. Instr. to Sch. of Musketry, now an 
A.A.G. in Ind. Staff Coll. : b. 1869. 

BIRDWOOD, Knight. Sir George Christo- 
pher Molesworth Birdwood, K.C.I.E. (1887; Kt. 
Bach. 1881), C.S.I. (1877), M.D..LL.D., late special 
assistant in Rev. and. Commerc. Dept. of India 
Office, formerly of Bombay Med. Staff (served in 
Persian Campaign 1856-7) and Prof, of Anatomy, 
Botany, &c, in Grant Coll., Bombay, since then 
holding numerous C. S. and. scientific apptmts., 
was Sheriff of Bombay 1864, a Kt. of Grace St. 
John Jerus. : b. 1832, mar. 1856 Frances Anne, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Tolcher, Esq., R.N. Res., 
119 The Avenue, Ealing, W. 

BIRDWOOD, Herbert Mills, C.S.I. (1893), 
M.A., LL.D., late Puisne Judge and Memb. 
Counc. of Bombay, is Vice-Chanc. Bomb. Univ., 
author of legal, botanical, and other works : b. 
1837. Res., Dalkeith House, Cambridge Pk., 
Twickenham; chamb., 1 Brick Ct., Temple, E.C. 

BIRKBECK (pron. Burbeck), Baronet. Sir 
Edward Birkbeck, 1st Bt. (O.K. 1886), a D.L. for 
Norfolk, a Pub. Works Loan Commissr., Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., and Chmn. Roy. Nat. 
Lifeboat Inst., an M.P. 1879-92 : son of the 
late Hy. Birkbeck, Esq., b. 1838, mar. 1865 the 
following. Heir, none. Seat, Horstead Hall, Nor- 
wich ; town res., 10 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

BIRKBECK, Hon. Lady, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Hylton (q.v.) and wife of the preceding. 

BIRKBECK, Col. William Henry, C.B.. 
(Mil. 1902), late King's Drgn. Gds. ; Hazara and 
Chin Lushai 1888-90, S. Africa 1899-1902, late 
D.A.A.G. for Mil. Instruction at Headqrs. : b. 
1863. Res., 47 Duke St., St. James's, S.W. 

BIRKIN, Baronet. Sir Thomas Isaac Birkin, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1905), a D.L. for Notts. (High 
Sheriff 1892) : son of the late Richd. Birkin, Esq., 
of Aspley Hall ; b. 1831, mar. 1856 Harriet, dau. 
of Matt. Tebbutt, Esq. Heir, his son Thomas 
Stanley (b. 1857). Seat, Ruddington Grange, 

BIRKIN, Lt.-Col. Richard Leslie, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Maj. S. Notts. Imper. Yeom. ; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862. 

BIRLEY, Col. Richard Kennedy, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 7th Lanes. 
Vol. Artill. : b. 1845. Res., Cambridge St., Man- 

BIRMINGHAM, Baron (? Irel. temp. Edward 
III.)— see "Gormanston, Vise," with note. 

BIRMINGHAM, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Gore, D.D., D.C.L., 1st Bp., formerly a Chapl. in 
Ord. to H.M., late 104th Bp. of Worcester, prev. 
a Canon of Westminster, and has been Vice- Prin- 
cipal of Cuddesdon College, Princ. of Pusey 




Directory of Peerage, 


House, Vie. of Eaclley, Examg. Chapl. to Bp. of 
Lincoln, and repeatedly Select Preacher at both. 
Oxford and Cambridge, was editor of 'Lux 
Mundi : ' b. Jan. 23, 1853 (nephew of 4th E. of 
Arran and maternal grandson of 4th E. of Bess- 
borough) ; eons. 1902, trans, to B'ham 1904, ent. 
Lords 1905 (£.). lies.. High Croft, Somerset lid., 
Edgbaston, B'ham. — Assist. Bp., see "Mylne." 

BIET, Knight. Sir William Birt, Kt. Bach. 
(1897), V.D., A.I.C.E., late Gen. Man. of Gt. 
Eastern Railway, now on Bd. of Dirs., also of 
Metropol. Rail., late Hon. Col. Rail, and Engr. 
Vol. Staff Corps : b. 1834, mar. 1872 Constantia 
Mary Ann, dau. of Matt. W. Thomas, Esq. Bes., 
Devonshire House, Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

BISCOE, Lt.-Gen. William Walters, C.B. 
(Mil. 1896), Col. 19th Lancers, LA. ; Afghn. 
1878-80, 2nd MiranzaiExpedn., has been A.A.Cr. 
Bengal, ret. 1901: b. 184:. fies.,8oSt. Brannock's 
Rd., Ilfracombe. 

BISHOP, Capt. Frederick Edward, D.S.O. 
(1901), Beds. Regt. (Mil.) ; Ashanti 1900 : b. 1872. 

BISSET, Knight. Col. Sir IVilliam Sinclair 
Smith Bisset, K.C.I.E. (1897), R.E., M.A., served 
in Afghan Vv r ar 1878-80, ret. 1898 ; has been Sec. 
to Pub. Works Dept. and Dir.-Gen. of Rails, in 
India: b. 1843, mar. 1888 Henrietta Marv, dau. of 
Lt.-Gen. Tim. P. La Touche. Bes., Pineeroft, 
Camberley, SuiTey. 

BLACK, Knight. Sir Samuel Blade, Kt. Bach. 
(1892), Aid. and Town Clerk of Belfast, prev. 
Town Solicitor : b. 1830, mar. 1853 Ellen, dau. of 
the late Saml. Archer, Esq. Bes., Glen Ebor, 
Strandtown R.S.O., Co. Down. 

BLACK, Maj.-Gen. Wilsone, C.B. (Mil. 1879), 
Crimean, Kaffir, and Zulu Wars; has been in 
comd. in Jamaica and Hong Kong, A.Q.M.G. in 
N. Scotia and A.A.G. at Gibraltar, ret. 1899 : b. 
1837. Club, Jun. U. Serv. 

BLACKADER, Maj . Charles Gi;inand,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Leic. Regt, ; Niger 1897-8 and S. Africa 

1899- 1902: b. 1869. Bes., The Hall, Broughton 
Astley, nr. Rugby. 

BLACKBURN, Lady Constance Frances, 
dau. of 13th E. of Strathmore. 

BLACKBURNE, Capt. Charles Harold, 
D.S.O. (1902), late Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 

1900- 2, now Manager of Horse Breeding Dept. 
there : b. 1876. Bes., Standerton, Transvaal. 

BLACKBURNE, Col! Robert Ireland, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), Hon. Col. (formerly Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
3rd Batt. S. Lanes. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1, 
is a D.L. for Lanes. : b. 1850. Bes., Hale Hall, 
nr. Liverpool ; Orford Hall, Warrington. 

BLACKETT, Baronet. Sir Edward William 
Blacken, 7th Bt. {Eng. 1673), C.B. (Mil. 1905;, 
Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd., served in Crimea: son of 
6th Bt., b. 1831, sue. 1S85, mar. 1871 Hon. Lady 
B. (as below). Heir, his son Hugh Douglas (b. 
1873 ; 2nd heir, latter' s son, b. 1904). Seat, Matfen 
Hall, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

BLACKETT, Baronet's Widow {remird). 
Dowager Lady B. (Alethea Rianette Anne, dau. 
of the late Gen. Wm. Hy. Scott), mar., 1st, 1880, as 
4th wife, Sir Edwd. Blackett, 6th Bt. fd. 188s) ; 
2ndly, 18S8, Hy. G. Holt, Esq.— title retained lw 
right. ii'-36'.,The Grove, Ropley, Alresford, Hants". 

BLACKETT, Hon. Lady, dau. of 17th Bn. 
Somerviile (q.v.) and wife of the above Bt. 

BLACKMOBE, Edwin Gordon, C.M.G. (1901), 
Clerk of Parliaments to Austral. Commonwealth, 
served in N.Z. war of 1863-4, formerly an Exam, 
m Hist, to Adelaide Univ.: b. 1837. Bes., 
Toorak, Victoria. 

BLACKWOOD, Baronet. Sir Francis Black- j 
wood, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1814), Capt. R.N. retd. (1886), 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 3rd, 
b. 1838, sue. 1854, mar. 1871, 2nd wife, Dorothy 
Frances, dau. of the late Rev. E. H. Quicke. Heir, 
his son Henry Robert Temple (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son Henry Palmer Temple, b. 1896). 
Club, U. Serv. 

BLACKWOOD, Lady Alicia, sist. of 8th E. of 

family name of Dufferin Marquessate, q .v. for 
" Lords " and " Ladies," with Lord Basil Black- 

BLAGROVE, Col. Henry John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late 13th Hussars; Afghn. 1879-80, Egypt 
1882, S. Africa 1899-1901, ret. 1901: b. 1854. 

Bes., Thurston Grange, Gt. Barton, Bury St. 

BLAIN, Knight. Sir William Arbuthnot 
Blain,Kt. Bach. (1897), a merchant, Pres. of Con- 
serv. Assoc. of Nottingham, Dir. of Dist. Bk., 
Chmn. of High School, Med. Aid Inst., &e. : b. 
1833, mar. i860 Harriet Ann, dau. of Jas. Allen, 
Esq., of Handsworth. Bes., The Park, Notting- 

BLAINE, Knight. Sir Charles Frederick 
Blame, Kt. Bach. (1889), knighted for services in 
promoting the S. African Customs Union : b. 18—, 
mar. 18 — Helen Mary, dau. of Thos. Howie, Esq. 
Bes., Jetty St., Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony. 

BLAINE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lydia 
Letitia Purvis, dau. of Sir Timothy V. Stonhouse, 
14th Bt.), mar. 1881, as 2nd wife, Sir Robt. 
Stiekney Blaine, a former M.P. and Mayor of 
Bath (d. 1897). Bes., Summerhill, Bath. 

BLAIR, Capt. Arthur, D.S.O. (1900-1), King's 
Own Scott. Bords. ; Soudan 189S-9, S. Africa 
1900-2 as an A.D.C., now D.A.Q.M.G. in Cape 
Col. Dist. : b. 1869. 

jbLAiR, Col. Frederick Gordon, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Leic. Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, a D.L. for Avrsh., 
was High Sheriff of Rutland 1886 : b. 1852. "Bes., 
Ashweli Hall, Oakham ; Blah-, Dairy R.S.O., 

BLAIR (HUNTER-) .Baronet. Rev. Sir David 
Oswald Hanter-Blair, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1786), 
M.A., was Chamberlain of Sword and Cloak to 
Popes Pius IX. and Leo XliL, a monk of 
the Order of St. Benedict and Master of 
Hunter-Blair's Hall, Oxford; formerly Capt. 
Ayr and Wigtown Mil. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, 
I sue. 1896. Heir pres., his bro. Edward, Com. 
j R.N. retd. (b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, latter's son James, 
I b. 1889). Bes., The Abbey, Fort Augustus, 
Inverness; 9 Beaumont St., Oxford. 

BLAKE, family name of Wallscourt Barony, I 
q.v. for "Hons.," also below. 

BLAKE, Baroxet of Langham. Sir Patrick 
James Graham Blake, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1772), 
formerly Lieut, in Suffolk Mil. : son of the late ; 
Rev. Hy. 3. Blake and grandson of 4th Bt., b. I 
1861, sue. 1880. mar. 1883 Emma Gertrude, dau. of j 
the late Thos. P. Dawson, Esq. Heir, his son 
Cuthbert Patrick (b. 1885 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 1st 
cous. once rem., Col. George Pilkiiigton B., b. I 
1835). Seat, Bardwell Manor, Ixworth. Bury St. 

BLAKE, Baronet ofMenlough. Sir Valentine 
Blake, 14th Bt. {Ml. 1622), High Sheriff of Co. 
Galway 1872, formerly Hon. Maj. Galway Mil.: 
son of 13th Bt., b. 1836, sue. 1875, mar. 1864 
Camilla Eugenia, dau. of Harvey Combe, Esq. 

BLA Baronetage, Knightage, <fhc. 

Heir, his son Thomas Patrick Ulick John 
Harvey (b. 1870; 2nd heir, latter's son Ulick 
Temple, b. 1904). Seat, Menlcugh Castle, Galway. 

BLAKE, Knight (1). Sir Ernest Edward 
Blake, K.C.M.G. (1901), one of the Crown Agents 
for the Colonies, ent. Colon. Off. 1863 and was late 
head of Gen. Dept., Priv. Sec. to Sees, of State 
1872-9: b. 1845, widower. Res., Hawkshill, 
Leatherhead, Surrey; 4 "Whitehall Gdns., S."W. 

BLAKE, Knight (2). Sir Henry Arthur 
Blake, G.C.M.G. (1897; K.C.M.G. 1888), Gov. of 
Ceylon, prev. of the Bahamas, Newfoundland, 
Jamaica, Hong Kong. &c, and one of five special 
magistrates in Ireland, Kt. of Justice St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1840, mar. 1874, 2nd wife, Edith, dau. 
of the late Ralph Bernal-Osborne, Esq. , M.P., and 
sist. of Dehss. of St. Albans. Res., Queen's House, 
Colombo, Ceylon; Mvrtle Grove, Youghal, Co. 

BLAKE, Col. Arthur Maurice, C.B. (Civ. 
1897), a D.L. for Herts., High Sheriff of Rutland 
1887, late Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 1st Vol. 
Batt. Beds. Regt., formerly Capt. Gren. Gds. : b. 
1852. Res., Danesbury, Welwyn, Herts. 

BLAKE, Henry Claude, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1903), Athlone Pursuivant of Arms and Priv. Sec. 
to Ulster King : b. 1874. Res., 22 Morehampton 
Ed., Dublin ; Office of Arms, Dublin Castle. 

BLAKE, Col. Maurice Charles Joseph, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), V.D., a D.L. for Mayo (High Sheriff 
1864), late Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. 
Connaught Rangers (Mil.) : b. 1837. Res. , Tower- 
hill, Ballyglass R.S.O., Co. Mayo. 

BLAKE, Maj. Napoleon Joseph Rudolph, 
D.S.O. ( 1900-1 ),Middx. Regt. retd. ; Zululd. 1879, 
Boer "War 1899-igoi : b. 1853. 

BLAKE, Horn Mrs. Valentine, dau. of 3rd 
Bn. De Freyne. 

BLAKENEY, Maj . Herbert Norwood, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Middx. Regt. ; Boer "War iqoo-2 : b. 1871. 

BLAKENEY, Capt. Robert Byron Drury, 
D.S.O. (1898), R.E., Dongola and Kliartoum, 
comd. a Balloon Section in S. Afr. War 1900, 
aftds. a Dep. Assist. Dir. of Rails. : b. 1872. 

BLAKER, Knight. Sir John George Blaker, 
Kt. Bach. (1897), four times Mayor of Brighton : 
b. 1854, mar. 1890 Lily, dau. of Saml. Cowell, Esq. 
Res., The Romans, Stanford Avenue, Brighton. 

BLAKEY, James, I.S.O. (1902), Actuary and 
Princ. Clk. in Nat. Debt Office : b. 1851. 

BLAKISTON, Baronet. Sir Horace Nevile 
Blakiston, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1763), son of the late 
Rev. Horace M. Blakiston and nephew of 4th Bt. ; 
b. 1861, sue. 1883. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Edward (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, their nephew Arthur 
Frederick, b. 1892). Res., Lynton, "Westby Ed., 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BLANC, Knight. Dep. Surg.-Gen. Sir Henri 
Jules Blanc, K.C.V.O. (1901), M.D., I.M.S. retd., 
served in Crimea, China 1860-2, Abyssinia 1867-8, 
I having accompd. Mission to Emp. Theodore and 
been kept a prisoner by him for nearly two years, 
being in consequence awarded a gratuity of 
£2000 by Engl. Govt. ; aftds. Prof, of Surg, at 
Grant Med. Coll. Bombay, now a Consg. Surg, at 
Cannes : b. 1831, mar. 1877 Stella, dau. of EyreB. 
Powell, Esq., C.S.I. Res., Villa Manouka, Cannes. 

BLANDFORD, Marquess of {by courtesy— -title 
®ng. 1702) , elder sonand heir of D. of Marlborough. 
1 For the ex-Mchss. see under " Abercorn." 
j BLANE, Baronet. Lt.-Gen. Sir Seymour 
Tohn Blane, 3rdBt. {U.K. 181a), C.B. (Mil. 1871), 
1 erved in Crimea and Mutiny, was A.D.C. to 
I Sari Canning and has been Mil. Sec. to three 

BLO 147 

successive Viceroys of India ; ret. 1881 as 
Lt.-Gen. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1869, mar. 
1903 the widow of Henry Blake, Esq., of Boston, 
Mass. Heir pres., his nephew Charles Rodney 
B., Lieut. R.N. (b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, latter's bro. 
James Pitcairn, b. 1883). Res., 37 Lowndes St., 

BLANTYRE Barony {Scot. 1606), extinct 1900 
on death of 12th Bn. (surname Stuart). 

Surviving Representatives. 
Issue of Inst {12(h) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary#.,b. 1845. 

Hon. Eilen, now Hon. Lady Baird, b. 1846, mar. 1864 
Sir David B., 3rd Bt. of Newbyth, q.v. 

Hon. Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. William Hy. Glad- 
stone, b. 1849, mar. 1875 the late Wm. Hy. G., Esq. 
(d. 1391), eld. sou of Bt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone. Res., 
Hawarden House, Flints., nr. Chester (with her 
bro. -in-law H. N. Gladstone, Esq.) ; 41 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Dau. of nth Bn. (sist. of 12th) : 

(The late 12th Baron, b. 1818, d. 1900.) 
Hon. Caroline Henrietta, now Caroline, Ctss. of Sea- 
field, q.v., b. 1830, mar. 1850 7th Earl of S. (d. 1S81). 

BLENKINSOP, Lt.-Col. Layton John, D.S.O. 
(1898), Khartoum, S. Africa 1899-1902, was Sen. 
Vet. Offr. in Egypt, formerly Prof, in Lahore 
Vet. Coll. : b. 1862. Res., Dublin. 

BLENNERHASSETT, Baronet. Sir Row- 
land Blennerhassett, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1809), D. es Sc., 
late Pres. of Oueen's Coll. Cork, is a Senator Roy. 
Univ. Ireld., a D.L. for Kerry (High Sheriff 1866), 
a Commissr. of Natl. Educn. in Ireld., an M.P. 
1865-74 and 1880-5: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1839, sue. 
1849, mar. 1870 Countess Charlotte de Leyden. Heir; 
his son Arthur Charles Bernard (b. 1871 , 
2nd heir, next son, "William Paul Rowland Lewis, 
b. 1882). Club, Brooks's. 

BLENNERHASSETT, Col. Blenneriiasset 
Montgomery, C.M.G. (1896), R.A.M.C., 
F.R.C.S.I., Ashanti 1895-6, now Med. Offr. for 
Murree Dist. : b. 1849. 

BLEWITT, Col. William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1900-1), R.A. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, late Sec. to 
Ordn. Cmttte., now Comdt. Sch. for Horse and 
Fd. Artill. at Shoeburyness : b. 1854. 

BLEZARD, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 7th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

BLIGH, family name of Darnley Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons." (is also surname 
of infant Bnss. Clifton). 

BLISS, Knight. Sir Henry William Bliss, 
K.C.I.E. (1897), B.A., L.C.C., late Memb. Counc. 
Gov. of Madras, prev. an Addit. Memb. of that 
of Viceroy : b. 1840, mar. igoo, 3rd wife, 
Florence, dau. of Sir Fredk. J. Bramwell, 1st Bt., 
F.R.S. Res., Four Elms, Eden Bridge, Kent; 
10 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BLISSETT,Comsry. Henry Frederick, C.M.G. 
(1874), Ashanti 1873-4, held.numerous apptmts. in 
Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, &c, and was Commissr. 
of Accts. in Falkld. Is. ; ret. 1885 : b. 1847. 

BLOCK, Adam Samuel James, C.M.G. (1895), 
late Ch. Dragoman and Orient. Sec. at Constanti- 
nople: b. 1856. Club, St. James's. 

BLOEMFONTEIN {pron. Bloomf ontayn) , 
Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur Chandler, D.D., 
5th Bp., late Vic. of Poplar, prev. Chapl. to Bp. 
of Salisbury, was Select Preacher at Oxford 1891: 
b. i860, cons. 1901. Res., Bishop's Lodge, Bloem- 
fontein. Orange River Col. 

BLOIS, Baronet. Sir Ralph Barrett Mao 
naghten Bio is, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1686), a D.L. for 1 
Suffolk (High Sheriff 1905-6), Capt. Reserve of | 

148 BLO 

Officers, formerly Lieut. Scots Gds. : son of 8th 
Bt., b. 1866, sue. 1888, mar. 1898 Winifred Grace 
Hegan, dau. of Col. Edmd. H. Kennard. Heir, 
his son Gervase Ralph Edmund (b. 1901 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Eardley Stuart, b. 1869). Seat, 
Cockfield Hall, Yoxford, Saxmundham, Suffolk. 

BLOIS, Baronet's "Widow. Dowager Lady B. 
(Eliza Ellen, dau. of the late Gapt. Alt'. Chapman, 
R.N.), mar. 1855 Sir Jno. R. Blois, 8th Bt. (d. 
1888). lies., 8 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BLOMEFIELD, Baronet. Sir Thomas Wilmot 
Peregrine Blomefield, 4th Bt. ( U.K. 1807). C.B. 
(Civ. 1903), Financ. Assist. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
has been Priv. Sec. to successive Presidents: son 
of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1878, mar. 1874 Lilias, 
dau. of the late Maj. Hon. Chas. Napier, son of 8th 
Bn. Napier of Merchistoun. Hair, his son Thomas 
Charles Alfred, Lieut. R.N. (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Nigel Napier, b. 1877). Res., 6 
The Grange, Wimbledon Common, S. W. 

BLOMEFIELD. Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Fanny, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. D'A. 
J. Preston), mar. 1853, aa 2nd wife, Rev. Sir Thos. 
E. W. Blomefield, 3rd Bt. (d. 1878). lies., St. 
John's, Wakefield. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight. Adm. Sir Richard 
Massie Blomfield, K.C.M.G. (1904), Dir.-Gen. 
of Egyptian Ports and Lighthouses ; served 
in Crimea, and Egypt 1882 : b. 1835, mar. 1877 
Rosamund Selina. daa. of the late Bp. Graves, of 
Limerick. Res., Port House, Alexandria. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Sara Louisa, dau. of M. J. Ryan, Esq.), mar. 
1887, as 2nd wife, Sir Arthur Win. Blomfield, 
A.R.A., Architect to Bank of England (d. 1899). 
Res., Springfield. Bioadway R.S.O., Wore; 97 
Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 

BLOMFIELD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 
1904), D.S.O. (1898), Lanes. Fus. ; Nile 1898, 
S. Africa 1899-1902, now comdg. Harrismith and 
Natal Sub-Dist., was A.A.G. Bombay 1897-8: 
b. 1855. Res., Harrismith, S. Africa. 

BLOOD, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Bindon Blood, 
K.C.B.(Mil. i896),R.E.,servedinJowakiExpcdn., 
S. Africa 1879, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt, and 
Chitral Relief, comd. Frontier Field Forces 1897-8 ; 
a Div. in S. Africa 1901, and the troops in the 
Punjab : b. 1842, mar. 1883 Charlotte Elizabeth, 
dau. of Sir Auckland Colvin, K.C.S.I. Res., 
Cranagher, Ennis, Co. Clare ; Rawal Pindi, 

BLOOMFIELD, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 
1st Bn. Playfair. 

BLOSSE (LYNCH-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Lynch-Blosse, nth Bt. {Irel. 1622), son of 10th 
Bt., b. 1857, sue. 1893. Heir pres., his bro. 
Capt. Robert L.-B. (b. 1861 ; 2nd heir, next bro., 
Francis, b. 186S). Seat, Athavaliie, Balla R.S.O., 
Co. Mayo. 

BLOUNT, Baronet. Sir Walter de Soding- 
ton Blount, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1642), a D.L. for 
Worcestersh. : son of 8th Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1881, 
mar. 1874 Elizabeth Anne Mould, dau. of Jas. Z. 
Williams, Esq., of Cader Idris. Jleir, his son 
Walter Aston (b. 1876; 2nd heir, next son, 
Edward Robert, b. 1884). Club, Brooks's. 

BLUNDELL, Col. John Eyles, C.B. (Mil. 1S97), 
late Hants. Regt. ; China 1853, Afghn. 1879-S0, 
Burma 1885-7 an( l 1889-go, was A.A.G. Madras 
i832-7, ret. 1900 : b. 1843. Club, Army and 

Capt. Dermot Howard, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1900), King's Roy. Rif. Corps; S. Africa 1899- 

1900, late A.D.C. in 4th Army Corps, prev. to 
Gov. of Malta : b. 1874. Res., 12 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1887), B.A., M.P. f or Ince 
Div. (C.),aD.L. for Lancashire ; Gren. Gds. retd. 
(1889); Crimea, Nile 1884-5: b. 1831. Res., 
Ashurst Lodge, Sunninghill, As^ot; Dcystrook, 
nr. Liverpool ; 10 Stratton St., Piccadilly, W. 

BLUNDEN, Baronet. Sir William Blunden, 
4th Bt. {Irel. 1766), B.A., M.B., L.R.C.S.I., ! 
L.M.K.Q.C.P. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1840, sue. 189c, 
mar. 1879 Florence Caroline, dau. of Hy. Shuttle- 
worth, Esq., of N.Z. Heir, his son John (b. I 
1880; 2nd heir, next son, Eric Overington, b. 
1892) . Seat, Castle Blunden, Kilkenny. 

BLUNT, now the family name of the Crom artie 
Earldom (no representative known by the name) . 

BLUNT, Baronet. Sir John Harvey Blunt, 
8th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1720), late Capt. Roy. Dub. Fus., 
served in Indian Mutiny 1857-9: bro. of 7th Bt. 
and grandson of 3rd, b. 1839, sue. 1902, mar. 1870 
Susan, dau. of P. Hoad, Esq. Heir, his son John 
Harvey (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir next son, Walter 
Cecil, b. 1877). Res., The Priory, Lamberhurst, 

BLUNT, Bishop— see "Hull." 

BLUNT, Knight. Sir John Elijah Blunt, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1878), late Cons.-Gen. at 
Boston, U.S.A., prev. at Salonica, was a Ch. 
Interpr. in Crimean War, and has held several 
diplomatic apptmts. : b. 1832, mar. 1858 Fanny 
Janet, dau. of D. Sandison, Esq. dub, Athe- 

BLUNT, Lady Anne Isabella Noel, dau. of 
1st E. of Lovelace. 

BLUNT, Ladv Florence Catherine, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BLYTH, Baronet. Sir James Blyth, 1st Bt. 
( U.K. 1895) , F.R.S.S. and a Manager of Roy. Inst., 
an extensive agriculturist, is on the Exec, of Brit. 
Ernp. League, a Gov. of the Gordon Memor. Coll. 
at Khartoum, also of St. Barthol.'s Hosp., and 
Gov. or Vice-Pres. of numerous Agric. Socs. (Dairy 
Farmers', Jersey Cattle, National Poultry, &c), 
also a Dir. of W. & A. Gilbey, a memb. League of 
Mercy: son of Jas. Blyth, Esq., of Chelmsford; 
b. 1841, widower. Heir, his son Herbert William 
(b. i858; 2nd heir, next son, James Audley, b. 
1874). Seat, Blythwood, Stansted, Essex, nr. 
Bp.'s Stortford ; town res., 33 Portland PL, W. 

BLYTH, Bishop— see "Jerusalem." 

BLYTHSWOOD, Baron. Archibald Camp- 
bell Campbell, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
L.L.D., V.D., Lord Lieut, of Renfrewsh. and a 
D.L. for Lanarks. and Co. of City of Glasgow, 
an A.D.C. to H.M., Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. 
Highld. L.I., and of 4th Batt. Prss. Louise's 
Highldrs. (Mil.), formerly Lt.-Col. of Scots Gds. 
(served in Crimea), twice an M.P. : son of Archi- 
bald Douglas, Esq. (aftds. Campbell), of Mains and 
Blythswood ; b. Feb. 22, 1835; cr. Bn. 1892 (C.) ; 
mar. 1864 Hon. Augusta Clementina Carington, 
dau. of 2nd Bn. Carrington. Seat, Blythswood 
House, Renfrew; town res., 2 Searaore PL, 
Curzon St., W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1880 : Bn. Blythswood. 1892 ! 
(with remainder to his bros. in default of male issue). 
—Descended from the same line as the Dukes of Argyll. 
An ancestor had in 1705 exchanged his patronymic for 
Douglas, but the present Peer's father restored the other 

Heir pres. (under above remainder), his next bro.: 
Rev. Sholto Doi'glas Campbvll- Douglas, M.A., b. 
1833, mar. 1889 Violet Mary, dau. of the late Gen. ' 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BOL 149 

Lord Alfred H. Paget, C.B., assumed 1869 in 
addition the former surname Douglas. Res., 
Douglas Support, Coatbridge, Lanarks. (2nd heir, 
his nephew Archibald James Hamilton Douglas 
Campbell, son of deceased 2nd bro.. b. 1884.) 

BOAK, Knight. Hon. Sir Robert Book, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), Pres. Lpgisl. Counc. of Nova Scotia 
— hence "Hon.," is Dir. of Union Bank, N.S. : 
h. 1822. Res., 3 Fawson St., Halifax, N.S. 

BOARDMAN, Vice-Adra. Frederick Ross, 
C.B. (Mil. 1885), Egypt 18S2, Soudan and Nile 
Expedns., ret. 1899: b. 1843. Res., 5 South 
Bow, Blackheath, S.E. 

BOBBILI, Raja of. Maharaja Sir Venkata- 
8 vet a Chhala-Pathi Rang a Rao, Bahadur, 
K.C.I.E. (1895), an M.L.C. Madras, M.R.A.S., 
has erected a High School and other pub. bdgs. 
at Bobbili, is hered. Raja of Bobbili, but Maha- 
raja is a personal title only : b. i852, mar. thrice. 
Res., Bobbili, Vizagapatam, Madras : Gopal Bagh, 
Mount Rd., Madras. 

BOCQUET, Roland Roscoe Charles, CLE. 
(1878), was Eugr. on Scinde and Delhi and Sth. 
Amer. Rails., rendered spec. serv. during Madras 
Famine 1876 : b. 1839. Res., VilliersRd., Southsea. 

BODE (Bode), Maj. Louis William, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 1st Roy. Scots. ; Zululd. 1879 and 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. i860. 

BODKIN, Knig ht's Widow {rcmrrd. and known 
as Mrs. Silver : Sarah Constance, dau. of the late 
J. J. Miles, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1865, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Wm. H. Bodkin, Assist. Judge Middx. Sessions 
(d. 1874) ; 2ndly, 1875, S. W. Silver, Esq. Res., 
Letcombe Manor, Wantage, Berks. ; 3 York Gt., 
Reg. Pk., N.W. 

BODLE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Brit. S. Afr. Police ; Matabeleld. 1893 and 1896, 
Boer War 1900, now in comd. of Amalgd. Divs. 
of same Police : b. 1853. Res., Johannesburg. 

BOEHM, Baronet. Sir Edg ar Collins Boehm, 
2nd Bt. {U.K. 1889), F.R.G.S., late Lieut. Car- 
digan Artill. : son of 1st Bt. (a distinguished 
sculptor and Royal Academician), b. 1870, sue. 
1890. Heir, none. Res., Bentsbrook, Flint Hill, 
Dorking ; Wetherby House, 25 We':herby Gdns., 

BOEVEY (CRAWLEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Thomas Hvde Crawley-Boevey, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 
1784). V.D., Verderer of Dean Forest, Hon. Col. 
2nd Vol. Batt. Glouc. Regt. retired, formerly 
Lieut. 69th Foot, High Sheriff of Glouc. 1882 : 
son of 4th Bt., b. 1837, sue. 1862, mar. 1865 
Frances Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Thos. 
Peters. Heir, his son Francis Hyde (b. 1808 ; 
2nd heir, litter's son Launcelot Valentine Hyde, 
b. 1900). Seat, Flaxley Abbey, Newnham, Glouc. 

BOILEAU, Baronet. Sir Maurice Colborne 
Boileau, 3v&Bt. {U.K. 1838), M. A., a D.L. for Nor- 
folk and for City of Norwich : son of 2nd Bt., 
b. 1865, sue. 1900. Heir pres., his bro. Raymond 
Frederic (b. 1868 ; 2nd heir, a son of late Edmond 
B., 3rd son of 1st Bt.). Seats, Ketteringham Park, 
Wymondham, Norfolk ; Hethel and Tacolne- 
stone Halls, both near Norwich. 

BOILEAU, Baronet's Widow. LadyB. (Lucy 
Henrietta, dau. of Sir Geo. E. Nugent, 2nd Bt. 
of Waddesdon), mar. i860 Sir Fras. Geo. M. 
Boileau, 2ndBt., F.S.A. (d. 1900). Res., Kettering- 
ham Pk. , as above. 

BOILEAU, Col. Francis William, C.B. (Mil. 
1891), LA. Supermini. List; Mutiny 1857-9, 
I Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1878-9 : b. 1835. Res., 
j Elstowe, Camberley, Surrey. 

' BOIS, Knight. Sir Stanley Bois, Kt. Bach. 
(1905)) of Colombo, Ceylon. 

BOLAND, Capt. Simon B., D.S.O. (1902), 
Qusland. Contgt. ; S.Africa 1901-2: b. 1875. Res., 

BOLINGBROKE and ST. JOHN {pron. Sin'- 
jun), Viscount. Vernon Henry St. John, 6th 
Vise. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., a minor : son of 5th V. ; 
b. March 15, 1896 ; sue. 1899. Seat, Lydiard Pk., 
Swindon, Wilts. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. i6it. Gt. Br. : Vise. Eoling- 
broke and Bn. St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, 1712 ; Vise. 
St. John and Bn. St. John of Battersea, 1716.— The second 
pair of creations elevated Sir Henry St. John, 4th Bt. 
(a descendant of the ancestors of the St. John of Lletso 
Bny.), to the Viscty. of St. John; the former pair had 
already been granted to his eldest son, the statesman 
and writer so well known as the friend and patron of 
Pope. (The Roll of the Peers still gives this title with 
a blank, apparently as the result of the mystery observed 
by the late Peer as to his marriage and the birth of an 
heir. It may thus remain till the present Viscount 
grows up and substantiates his claim.) 

ITeir Presumptive. 
Rev. Maurtce William Ferdinand St. John, D.D., 

Canon of Gloucester, grandson of 3rd Vise, and 

1st cons, once rem. of present; b. 1827, widower. 

Res., The Cloister House, Gloucester. (2nd heir, his 

son Ilenry Percy, b. 1854.) 

BOLINGBROKE and ST. JOHN, Viscount's 
Widow. Viscountess B. & St.-J. (Mary Emily 
Elizabeth, dau. of Robt. Howard, Esq.), mar. 
1893 5th Vise. Bolingbroke (d. 1899). Res., with 
present Visct. 

BOLITHO, Maj. William Edward Thomas, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late Maj. Roy. 1st Devon Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1862. Res., York 
House, Penzance. 

BOLS, Capt. Louis Jean, D.S.O. (1900-1), Devon 
Regt ; Burma 1891-2, Chitral Belief, and S. 
Africa 1899-1902, now Com. of a Co. of Gentn. 
Cadets : b. 1867. 

BOLSOVER, Baron {U.K. i88o)-see "Port- 
land, D. of." 

BOLTON, Baron. William Thomas Orde- 
Powlett (pron. Potc-let, as in fowl), 4th Bn. (Gt.Br.), 
a D.L. and C.C. for North Rid. of Yorks., late Hon. 
Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. Yorks. Hussars Imper. 
Yeom.: son of 3rd Bn.; b. Jan. 31, 1845 ; sue. 1895 
(C.) ; mar. 1868 Lady Algitha Frederica Mary 
Lumley, dau. of 9th E. of Scarhrough. Seats, 
Bolton Hall {destroyed), Leyburn R.S.O., Yorks. ; 
Hackwood Pk., Basingstoke, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Bolton, Gt. Br. 1797.— The 1st Bn., 
Thos. Orde, was Secretary to the Treasury, and after- 
wards to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, also a P.C. 
of that kiDgdom. On inheriting part of the estates of 
the 5th Duke of Bolton he adopted the additional name of 
Powlett (that borne by the Duke3 having been Pawlet 
or Paulet; the title was attached to the Winchester 
Marquessate so long as it lasted, 1689-1794). 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {4th) Bn. : 

Hon. William George Algar O.-P., heir to Barony, 
a D.L. for N. Rid., Maj. 1st Vol. Batt. Yorks. Regt.: 
b. 1869, mar. 1893 Hon. Elizabeth Mary Gibson, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Ashbourne (Hon. Mrs. Orde- 
Powlett). Res., Wensley Hall, Leyburn R.S.O., 
Yorks. (2nd heir, his son William Percy, b. 1894.) 
The deceased Algitha Alkelda Brenda O.-P. , b . & d. 1871. 
The late Rhoda Lelia Alice O.-P., b. 1875, d. 1890. 
Hon. Myra Rowena Sibell, now 3/chss. of Exeter, b. 
1879, mar. 19D1 5th Marq. of E., q.v. 
Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Henry Robert O.-P., M.A., barrister-at-law, b. 

1846, mar. 1877 Henrietta Cathcart, dau. of the late 

Jno. R. de Traffoid, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Henry O.-P.). 

Res., 2 Queensberry PL, S. Kens., S.W. 
Hon. Jean Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus Cathcart, 

b. 1848, mar. 1866 Col. Hon. Aug. Murray C, son 

of 2nd Earl Cathcart, q.v. 



Directory of Peer 


Sists. -in-law of 3rd Bn. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 3rd Baro:;, b. 1818, d. 1895.) 
Hon. Mrs. Thomas O.-P. (Elizabeth Jane, dan. of 
the late Marmaduke Wyvill, Esq.), mar. 1846 the 
late Rev. the Hon. Thomas O.-P. (granted, -with 
his bro., the rank of a Bn.'s son; d. 1894). Res., 
Loehiel House, Leyburn R.S.O., Yorks. 
Hon. Mrs. Amias O.- P. ( Martha, dan. of the 
late Christopher Topham. E^p) , mar. 1852 the late 
Hon. Amias Charles O.-P. id. 1899) Res., Thorney 
Hall, Spemiithorne, Leyburn R..S.O. Yorks. 
BOLTON, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). Lady 
B. (Julia Maria, clan, of the late R. Mathews, Esq . ) , 
mar., 1st, 1866. Col. Sir Eras. J. Eolton (d. 1887) ; 
2ndly, 1890, Yvm. A. Rixon- Esq.— retaining- title 
by courtesy. Res., Adfoxton Ek., Holford, Bridg- 
water ; Turkdean Manor, Northleach R.S.O., 

EOLTON, Charles Walter, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Ch. See. to Bengal Govt, and a memb. of 
I Counc. of Viceroy, now Acting Ch. Commissr. 
: Assam : b. 1850. 

j BOLTOUN, Baron (Scot. 1624)— see "Lauder- 
dale, E. of." 

! BOMBAY, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Rdthyen Pym, 6th Bp., late 6th Bp. of Mauritius, 
formerly Vicar of Rotnerharn and Rut. Dean of 
Sheffield : b. 1856, cons. 1898, trans. 1903, 
widower. Res.. Malabar Hill, Bombay. 

BOMFORD, Surg.-Gen. Gerald. C I.E. (1903), 
M.B., I.M.S., late Princ. of the Med. Coll., Cal- 
cutta, now Insp.-Gen. of Civ. Hosps., Punjab; 
Perak 1875-6: b. 1851. Res., Lahore. 

BOMPAS, Bishop — retd. 1905, formerly 

BONCAMBI (Ital. spelling "Boneambj"). 
Contessa Federico Pucci, dau. of late Ctss. of 

BOND, Archbishop— see " Montreal." 

BOND. Knight's Widow (by elevation). Lady 
I B. (Caroline Frances, dau. of the late Rev. R. H. 
Barham, author of 'Ingoldsbv Legends '), mar. 
1847 Edwd. A. Bond, Esq., C.B., late of Brit. Mus., 
who was nominated for K.C.B. 1898, but died 
before investiture : she was aftds. granted rank of 
aKt's. widow. Res., 64 Erince's Sq.,Bayswater, W. 

BOND, Eriv. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir Robert Bond, B.C. (Gt. Br. 1902), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), LL.D., Brern. and (3rd time) Colon. Sec. of 
Newfoundland, formerly Speaker of House of 
Assembly, was official Delegate to Fishery and 
Reciprocity Confs. : b. 1857. Res., St. John's and 
Whitbourne, Newfdld. 

BOND, Lieut. Charles Earbery, D.S.O. (1902), 
Rov. Sussex Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOND, Engr.-Com. Edmund Edward, D.S.O. 
(1898). R.N., Nile Flotilla 1898: b. 1865. 
1 BOND, Col. Francis George, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.E., Zululd. 1879, Egypt, Hazara 1891. 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1901-2, now A.Q.M.G., 
: Punjab : b. 1856. Club, U. Serv. 

BOND, Map Reginald Copleston, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Yorks. Lt. Inf.; Zhob Fd. Force 1890, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1809-1902 : b. 1866. 

BOND, Lt.-Col. Wensly James Hodson. C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I.A., Burma 1885-8, Chin-Lushai 
1889-90, Chitral Belief, Dongola, N.W. Frontier 
1897-8, and China : b. 1854. 

BOND, Maj.-Gen. William Dunn, C.B. (Mil. 
1886), Zululd. i879,Transvaal 1881, retired 1893 : b. 
1836. Res., Dullerton, Londonderry. 

BONHAM, Baronet. Sir George Francis 
Bonham, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1852), M.A., Brit. Min. 
in Servia, late Sec. to Embs. at Rome and Madrid 
and to Legat. at the Hague : son of 1st Bt., b. 
1847, sue. 1863, mar. 1871 Louisa, dau. of Rt. Hon. 

! Sir And. Buchanan, 1st Bt. Heir, his son Capt. 
j George Lionel B. (b. 1873; 2nd heir, next son, 
Eric Henry, b. 1875). Seat, Knowle, Cranleigh, 
j Guildford; res., Brit. Legat., Belgrade. 
! BONSER, Priy. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon- 
1 Sir John Winfield Bonser, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
I Kt.Bach. (1894), M.A., late Ch. Justice of Ceylon, 
I prev. of Straits Settmts., where he had been 
Attorn. -Gen., was formerly an Inns of Gt. 
Examiner, is a memb. of Judic. Cmttee. of P.C. : 
b. 1847, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, Mary Catherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hon. Sir Wm. J. Colville, 
K.C.V.O., bro. of 9th Bn. Colville of Culross. 
Sea., 3 Eaton PL, S.W. 

PONTINE (GRAHAM-), Hon. Mrs. William, 
sist. of 14th Bn. Elphinstone. 

BONUS, Maj. William John, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Dorset Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902, late D.A.A.G. 
Belfast Dist. : b. 1862. 

BONYTHON, Knight. Sir John Langdon 
Bonython, Kt. Bach. (1898), proprietor of the 
Adelaide Advertiser and other journals, Pres. S. 
Austral. Sch. of Mines and of S. Austral. Branch 
of Roy. Geograph. Soc, Chmn. of Govt. Agile. 
Coll., late of Adelaide Sch. Bd., a memb. of first 
House of Repres. of Austral. Commonwealth : 
b. 1848, mar. 1870 Mane Louise Frederica, dau. 
of D. F. Balthasar, Esq., of Berlin. Res., 
Carelew, Adelaide; Carminow, Mount Lofty, 

BOOKEY,Col. John Thomas Brownrtgg, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I.M.S., Jowaki and other Ind. 
campaigns 1877-97, China 1900-1, Mahsud Waziri 
1902, now Princ. Med. Offr. at Kohat : b. 1846. 
Res., Kohat, Pimjab. 

BOON, Capt. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), E. Kent 
Regt., late Qmr. and Hon. Capt. ; Malay States 
1874-5, S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1846. Res., The 
Homestead, Wastboro, Canterbury. 

BOORD, Baronet. Sir (Thomas) William 
Board, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1896), V.D., F.S.A., partner 
in the firm of Boord k Son, distillers, a Gov. of St. 
Barthol.'s Hosp., a Dir. of Lond. and Prov. Bk., 
and memb. of Roy. lust., an M.P. 1873-95 and 
retd. Capt. 1st Vol. Batt. King's Roy. Rifle Corps : 
son of the late Joseph Boord, Esq., of Harefield 
Grove; b. 1838, mar. 1861 Margaret d' Almaine, 
dau. of the late Thos. G. Mackinlay, Esq. Heir, 
his son William Arthur (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Harry Percy, b. i853). Seat, Oldbury 
PL, Ightham, Kent; town res., 36 Buckingham 
Gt., S.W. 

BOOTH, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Charles 
Booth, P.C. (Gt.Br. 1904), D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S., 

F. R.S.S. (late Pres.), an authority on the con- 
dition of the poor, a subject upon which he has 
written many works ; a partner in Alfred Booth 
and Co., ship-owners, Liverpool : b. 1840, mar. 
1871 Mary, dau. of Charles Za chary Macaulav, 
Esq. Res., 24 Gt. Cumberland PL, W. 

BOOTH.Maj. William Henry, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as A.D.C., 
now a Recruiting Staff Officer: b. 1862. 

BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet. Sir Josslyn 
Augustus Richard Gore-Booth, 6th Bt. (Irel. 
1760), formerly Lieut. 5th Batt. Boy. Munst. Fus. 
(Mil.) : son of 5th Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1900. Heir 
pres., his bro. Mordaunt (b. 1878 ; 2nd heir, their 
1st eous. once rem., Robert Henry G.-B., b. 1838). 
Seat, Lissadell, nr. Sligo. 

BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet's Widow. Lady 

G. -B. (Georgina Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. 
Chas. J. Hill), mar. 1867 Sir Henry W. Gore- 
Booth, 5th Bt. (d. 1900). Res., with present Bt. 

BOO Baronetage, Knightage, Sc. 

BOOTH (SCLATER-), family name of Basing 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BOOTHBY, Baronet. Sir Brooke Boothby, 
nth Bt. {Eng. 1660, desig. 1644), a Counc. of 
Emb., late Sec. to Brit. Legat. at Brussels, prev. 
at Tokio and Bio, and 2nd Sec. in Brit. Emb. 
Paris: son of 10th Bt., b. 1856, sue. 1865. Heir 
pres., his bro. Charles Francis (b. 1858 ; 2nd 
heir, next bro., Rev. Herbert Cecil B., b. 1863). 

BOOTHBY, Baronet's "Widow. Lady B. 
(Martha Serena, dau. of the late Rev. Chas. 
Boothby), mar. 1852 her 1st cousin, Rev. Sir 
Brooke Wm, R. Boothby, 10th Bt. (d. 1865). 
lies., 18 Evelyn Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BOOTHBY, Josiaii, C.M.G. (1878), formerly 
Under Sec. and Govt. Statist, S. Australia: b. 
1837. Res., 158 Barnard St., Nth. Adelaide. 

BOPPE,Lucien,C.I.E. (1885), Hon. Dir. of Sen. 
of Forestry at Nancy. France : b. 1834. 

BOR, Col. James Henry, C.M.G-. (1899), 
A.A.G-. to R.M. ; various services in Crete, 
. Bombay, and Cyprus, and as a Turk. Interp., is 
an A.D.C. to H.M., and was A.D.C. to H.R.H. 
the present Prince of Wales during his Colonial 
tour, now an Extra Equerry : b. 1857. Club, U. 

BORDEN, Knight. Hon. Sir Frederick 
William Borden, K.C.M.G. (1902), M.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., Minister of Militia and Defence for 
Dominion of Canada, Hon. Col. Canad. Mil. 
Army Med. Corps and a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1847, mar. 1884, 2nd wife, Bessie B., 
dau. of Jno. H. Clarke, Esq. Ites., Stradacona 
Hall, Ottawa ; Canning, Nova Scotia. 

BOREEL, Baronet. Sir Jacob Willbm 
Gustaap Boreel, 10th Bt. {Eng. 1645), Burgomaster 
of Haarlem and Gent, of Privy Chamber to the 
Queen of the Netherlds. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, 
sue. 1883, mar. 1898, 2nd wife, Cornelie Marie, 
dau. of H. M. van Weede, Chambn. to the late 
King of Holland. Heir pres., his 2nd cous. 
Alfred Montalto B. (b. 1849 ; 2nd heir, ratter's 
nephew Francis William Robert *B., b. 1882). 
Res., Waterland, Velsen, Nth. Holland, 
i *#* The pedigree of this line has been omitted to be 
registered, but ' Burke ' gives it complete and accepts the 

I above Bt. without demur. 

BORINGDON, Baron {Gt. Br. 1784)— see 
" Morley, E. of." 

BORINGDON, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title 
of E. of Morley, borne by the heir when a son. 

BORRADAILE, Col. George William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1882), R.A., Egyptian Campaign 1882, ret. 
1894, was A.A.G. Bombay 1884-9 : b. 1838. 

BORRADAILE, Lt.-Col. Harry Benn, D.S.O. 
(1895), LA., Burma 1885-9, Sikkim, and Chitral 
Relief : b. i860. 

BORRETT, Maj .-Gen. Herbert Charles, C.B. 
(Civ. 1902), Abyss. 1867-8, late Insp.-Gen. of 
Auxil. Forces and Recruiting at Headqrs., ret. 
;| 1903 : b. 1841. Res., 23 Porchester Sq., W. 

II BORROWES, Baronet. Sir Kildare Dixon 
jj Borrowes, 10th Bt. {Irel. 1646), a D.L. for Kildare 

I (High Sheriff 1902), Lt.-Col. retd. (1895), formerly 
i Maj. 11th Hussars: son of 9th Bt., b. 1852. sue. 
[ j 1898, mar. 1886 Julia Aline, dau. of the late Wm. 
i ; Holden, Esq., and sist. of Lady Howard de 
j ; Walden. Heir pres., his bro. Eustace (b. 1866; 
! 2nd heir, their half -bro. Walter, b. 1892). Seat, 
1 Barretstown Castle, Ballymore Eustace, Naas, Co. 
I Kildare. 

BORROWES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
] Lady B. (Florence Elizabeth, dau. of the late Wm. 
Ruxton, Esq.), mar. 1887, as 2nd wife, Sir 

BOS 151 

j Erasmus D. Borrowes, 9th Bt. (d. 1898). Res., 
The Seasons, Ballymore Eustace, as above. 

BORTHWICK, family name of Boilthwick 
and Glenesk Baronies — seethe former (below) for 

BORTHWICK, Baron. Archibald Patrick 
Thomas BorthwicJc, 17th Bn. {Scot.) : son of 
16th Bn.; b. Sept. 3, 1867; sue. 1885; mar. 1901 
Susanna Mary, dau. of Sir Mark J. MacTaggart- 
Stewart, 1st Bt., M.P. Heir, none. Seats, 
Ravenstone Castle, Whithorn R.S.O., Wig- 
townsh. ; town res., 2 IJpp. Grosvenor St., W. 

Creation. Ld. Borthwick, Scot. 1452.— Sir Wm. Borth- 
wick, Keeper of Edinburgh Castle, is given as the isfc 
Peer, and ' Burke ' relates of him that he was "promi- 
nent among the magnates who habitually plundered the 
Customs." The Peerage has been more than once dor- 
mant through reluctance of the successors to assume the 
title. Recently it was a question whether it was open to 
female succession, but it never has been so held. We 
read in 'Burke,' " No instrument of creation is extant, 
but the investitures of the lands seem to have been to 
heirs male." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {17th) Bn.: 

Hon. Isolde Frances B., b. 1903. 
Issue of 16th Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Gabrielle Margaret Ariana B., b. 18S6. 
(Puesent Baron, b. 1867.) 

Hon. Alice Rachel Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Campbell, b. 1868, mar. 1893 Capt. Alex. Straton G. 
Res., Weasenham, Swaffham, Norfolk; 2 Culford 
Mansns., Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Hon. Violet Dagmar Marion Olga, now Hon. Mrs. 
Lewis Freeland, b. 1871, mar. 1900 Capt. Lewis 
Grey F. Res., Moat House, Gestingthorpe, Hal- 
stead, Essex. 

Hon. Mary Frances Harriet , now Hon. Mrs.Chaloner 
Dowdall, b. 1876, mar. 1897 Harold Chaloner I)., Esq. 
Res., 28 Alexandra Drive, Liverpool. 

Daus. of 15th Bn. de jure (1st cousins of present, 
the 15th and 16th having been bros.) : 
Hon. Louisa Ramsay, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Wylie, 

b. 184-, mar. 1873 Col. Hy. P. Miles W. 
Hon. Mary Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. William Spens, 
b. 1846, mar. 1870 Wm. Geo. 8., Esq.. Res., 3 Bel- 
grave Pi., Edinburgh. 
BORTHWICK, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Harriet Alice, dau. of T. Hermitage 
Day, Esq.), mar. 1865 16th Bn. Borthwick (d. 
1885). Bes., Ravenstone Castle, Whithorn R.S.O., 

BORTHWICK, Master of, title of heir to 
above Barony when a son. 

BORTHWICK, Lt.-Col. Alexander, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1903), Ch. Const, of the Lothians and 
Peebles-sh., late Rifle Brigade : b. 1829. Bes., 35 
Palmerston PI., Edinburgh. 

BORTON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Caroline Mary Georgina, dau. of Rev. Jno. F. 
Close), mar. 1850 Gen. Sir Arth. Borton, G.C.B., 
formerly Gov. of Malta (d. 1893). Res. ,105 Eaton 
PL, S.W. 

BORTON, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1902) , Norfolk Regt. retd. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Burma 
1887-9, and S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 1857. 

BORWICK, Knight. Sir Robert Hudson 
Borwiclc, Kt. Bach. (1902), b. 1845, mar. 1872 Caro- 
line, dau. of Rev. R. D. Johnston. Res., Eden 
Lacy, LazonbyR.S.O.,Cumbd.; 16 Berkeley Sq.,W. 

BOSANQUET, Knight. Vice-Adm. Sir Day; 
Hort Bosanquet, K.C.B. (Mil. 1905) : b. I843. 

BOSCAWEN, family name of Falmouth Vis- 
county, q.v. for " Hons. " and " Ladies" (mrrd.). 

BOSCAWEN-ROSE, Baron {Gt. Br. 1720) 
— see "Falmouth, Yisc." 



Directory of Peerage, 


BOSTON, Baron. George Florance Irbv, 
6th Bn. (Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., a D.L. for 
Anglesea, formerly a Lord-in- Waiting to Queen 
Victoria : son of 5th Bn. ; b. Sept. 6, i860 ; sue. 
1877 (C.) ; mar. 1890 his cousin Cecilia Constance, 
dau. of the late Hon. Aug. A. F. Irby, son of the 
3rd Bn. Seats, Hedsor, Bourne End, Bucks. ; 
Lligwy, Moelfre, Anglesea, Menai Bridge R.S.O. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1704 ; Bn. Boston, Gt. Br. 1761. 
—Sir AVm. Irby, 2nd Bt., M.P. for Launceston and 
Bodmin, was the 1st Bn. ; he afterwards held several 
high offices about the Court. 

Titled Rklatives. 

Surviving issue of 5th Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Cecil Sa um aiiez I. ,heir pres to Barony, formerly 

Capt. 7th Batt. King's Roy. Rifle Corps (Mil.) : 

b. 1862, mar. 1885 Florence Augusta, dau. of the late 

Clement Upton-Cottrell-Dormer, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Cecil /.). Res., Hitcham Grange, Taplow, Bucks. 

(2nd heir, his sou Greville Northey, b. 1889.) 
Hon. Alice Fanny Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. Gordon 

Deedes, b. 1863, mar. 1800 Gordon Fradc. D., Esq. 

fles.. Hill hurst, Hythe, Kent. 
Hon. Gilbert Neville late Hon. Attache in Diplom. 

Serv. and Lieut. 1st Argyll Vols. : b. 1864, mar. 

1891 Esme, rlau. of the late Geo. O. Edwards, 

Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Gilbert /.). Res., Glenaethwy, 

Bangor, Carnarvs. 
Hon. AVinifred Mary, now Hon. Lady Johnston, b. 

1871^ mar. 1896 Sir Harry H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., 

see Johnston, Kt. (1)." 

Issue of 4th Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Rachel Fanny Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vansittart, b. 1831, mar. 1857 the late Aug. Artb. 
V., Esq. (d. 1882). 
(The late 5th Baron, b. 1837, d. 1877.) 

Issue of pj-d Bn. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1802, d. i85g.) 
Rev. the Hon. Llewellyn Charles Robert 7., M.A., 

late Rect. of Whiston: b. 1822, mar. 1845 Margaret 

Emily, dau. of the late Jonathan Bullock, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Llewellyn /.). Rss., Irby House, 

Whiston, Northampton. 

— -Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Augustus I. (Jessie Augusta, dau. of Sir 
Thos. Montgomery-Cuninghame, 8th Bt.), mar. 
i860 the late Hon. Augustus Anthony Frederick I. 
(d. 1370). Res., 5 Quean's Gdns., Osborne ltd., 

BOSTON, Barons' Widows. (1) The Dowager 
Lady B., nee Hon. Caroline Amelia Saumarez, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, b. 1839, mar. 1861, 
as 2nd wife, 4th Bn. Boston, grandfather of present 
Peer (d. 1869), she herself being step-mother 
of the 5th Bn., who mar. her sist. thefollg. Bes., 
Villa St. Raphael, Tankerton, Whitstable.— 
(2) Augusta Caroline, late Baroness, but now 
adopting the style of "Hon. Lady Anderson," 
sist. of above Dowager Lady and mother of 
present Bn. : see " Anderson, Kts.' Wids." 

BOSWALL (HOUSTOUN-), Baronet. Sir 
George Lauderdale Houstoun - Boswall, 3rd 
Bt. (U.K. 1836), a D.L. for Berwicksh., late 
Capt. Gren. Gds. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1847, sue. 
1886, widower. Heir, his son George Reginald, 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. (b. 1877; 2D -d heir, next son, 
Thomas Bandolph, b. 1882). Seats, Blackadder, 
Edrom R.S.O., Berwicksh. ; Allanbank, Berwick- 
on-Tweed ; town res., 54 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BOSWELL, Maj.-Gen. John James, C.B. (Mil. 
1881), Miranzai 1856, Mutiny, Eusofzai, Hazara 
1863, Afghn. 1878-80, ret. 1885 and is Col. 
57th Sikhs: b. 1835. Bes., Darnlee, Melrose, 

BOTETOURT, Baron (Eng. 1305, confirmed 
1803)— see "Beaufort, D. of." 

BOTREAUX, Baron (Eng. 1368), Imper. title 
of E. of Loudoun. 

BOTTESFORD, Baron (U.K. 1835)— see 
" Canterbury, Vise." 

BOTTOMLEY, Lt.-Col. Herbert, C.M.G. 
(1900-1), comdg. Imper. Lt. Horse; S. Africa 

1899- 1901: b. 1866. Bes., Johannesburg. ■ 
BOUCAUT, Knight. Hon .Sir James Penn 

Boucaut, K.C.M.G. (1898), a Judge of Supr. Ct. S. 
Australia, formerly Attorney-Gen., three times 
Premier, and has twice admind. the Govt., appd. 
Q.C. 1875 : b. 1831, mar. 1864 Janet, dau. of Alex. 
M'Culloch, Esq. Bes., Liverpool Terr., Glenelg, 

BOUCHER, Antoine Alphonse, I.S.O. (1904), 
Assist. Clerk and Master in Chancery to Canad. 
Senate: b. 1831. Bes., Ottawa. 

BOUCHER, Capt. Benjamin Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(i9C0-i),late Hants. Regt. ; Burma 1887-9, Chitral 
Relief, and S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1864. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Fletcher 
Boughey, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1798), a D.L. f or Staf- 
fordsh.' (High Sheriff 1898), a C.C. for Salop, 
formerly Capt. 2nd Staffs. Mil. and 18th Salop Rifle 
Vols. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1836, sue. 1880, mar. 1864 
Sarah Annabella, dau. of the late Harold Little- 
dale, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. Rev. George B. 
(b. 1837 ; 2nd heir, next bro., William Fletcher, 
Com. R.N. retd. b. 1840). Seat, Aqualate, New- 
port, Salop. 

BOUGHEY, Col. George Fletcher Ottley, 
C.S.I. (1896), R.E. retired; Bhutan 1865-6. and 
Afghn. 1879-80, is a Commissr. under the Light j 
Railways Act 1896 : b. 1844 (grandson of 2nd Bt.). 
Res., 60 Courtfield Gdns.. S. Kens., S.W. 

BOUGHTON (ROUSE-), Baronet. Sir 
Charles Henry Rouse-Boughtov, 11th Bt. of 
Lawford (Eng. 1641) and 3rd Bt. of Downton 
(Gt.Br. 1791 ),' formerly Lieut. 52nd Foot and Capt. 
10th Salop Rifle Vols., High Sheriff of Salop i860 : 
son of 10th Bt., b. 1825, sue. 1856, widower. 
Heir, his son •William St. Andrew (b. 1853; 2nd 
heir, latter" s son Edward Hotham, b. 1893). Seat, 
Downton Hall, Ludlow, Salop. 

BOULTON, Baronet. Sir Samuel Bagster 
Boulton, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1905), F.R.G.S., A.I.C.E., 
late Pres. of West Ham Chamb. of Commerce : 
son of the late Rev. Thos. Boulton, of S. Africa ; 
b. 1830, mar. 1855 Sophia Louisa, dau. of the late 
Tho3. Cooper, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. Harold 
Edwin B., M.V.O., q.v. (2nd heir, next son). 
Seat-, Copped Hall, Totteridge, Whetstone, N. 

BOULTON, Mai. Charles Percy, D.S.O. 
(1902), B.A., Beds. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 

1900- 2 ; b. 1867. 

BOULTON. Harold Edwin, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1903), M. A., Hon. Manage: 1 or official in several 
charitable institutions, a Kt. of Grace^ St. John 
Jerus., Hon. Treas. to Queen Victoria's Jubilee 
Inst, for Nurses, a Dir. of Burt, Boulton, and 
Hayward : b. 1859 (heir to above Btcv.). Bes., 
167 Victoria St., S.W. 

BOURDILLON, Knight. Sir James Austin 
BourdHlnn, K.C.S.I. (1904), V.D., late M.L.C. 
Bengal (twice), also Ch. Sec. and Acting Lt.-Gov., 
has been Insp.-Gen. of Registration, &c., Com- 
missr. of Patna, and Maj. Behar Lt. Horse 
Vols., now Resid. in Mysore and Ch. Commissr. 
of Coorg : b. 1848, mar. 1887 Mary Wake, dau. of 
Jno. M. Lowis. Esq. Bes., The Residency, Mysore. 

BOURINOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Isabella, dau. of the late Jno. Cameron, Esq.), 
mar. 1889, as 3rd wife, Sir Jno. G. Bourinot, 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BOW 153 

K.C.M.G., Clerk of the H. of Commons, Canada 
(d. 1902). Bes., Tyldesley PL, Ottawa; Kings- 
mere, Quebec. 

BOUKKE (pron. Burk), family name of Mayo 
Earldom, q.v. for " Ladies" and "Hons." 

BOURKE, Lt.-Col. Henry Beresford, D.S.O. 
(1894), late 3rd W. I. Regt. ; West Africa 1892-4 
and 1898-9 (Sierra Leone) : b. 1855 (gt. grandson 
of 4th E. of Mayo). Club, V. Sew. 

BOURNE, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.) — see 
under " Ely, 3rd M." (now Ladv Marion Wetter). 

BOUSFIELD, Knight. Sir Willi am Bousfield. 
Kt. Bach. (1905), Chmn. of Girls' Pub. Day 
Schools Co., formerly L.S.B. : b. 1842. Ess., 20 
Hyde Pk. Gate, S.W. 

BOUSFIELD,Lt.-Col. Henry Riciiixgs,C.M.G. 
(1902), Natal Vols, retd., an advocate of Supr. Ct. 
of Cape and Natal; Zululd. 1879-80 and Boer 
Wars 1881 and 1899-1902: b. 1863. lies., St. 
Andrew's St., Durban. 

BOUTFLOWER, Bishop— see "Dorking." 

BOUVERIE (PLEYDELL-) family name of 
Radnor Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 

BOVELL, Knight. Sir Henry Alleyne 
Bovell, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.B., Ch. Justice Brit. 
Guiana, an M.L.C. of Barbados 1883 and Chanc. 
of the Dioc. 1886: b. 1854. lies., Georgetown, 

BOVILL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anna, 
dau. of Rev. Jno. T. White, D.D.), mar. 1876 Hon. 
Sir Elliot C. Bovill, Ch. Just. Straits Settmts. 
(d. 1893). Bes., 97 Linden Gdns., Notting Hill, 

BOVILL, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 

BOWDEN, Capt. Frank Lake, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Brit, S. Afr. Police ; Matabeleld. 1893 and 1896, 
Jameson Raid, and Boer War 1899-1901 : b. 1863. 

BOWDEN, Flt.-Surg. Walter. D.S.O. (1894), 
R.N., L.R.C.P., Gambia 1894, in Nav.Med. Serv. 
from 1887 : b. 1859. 

BOWDLER. Col. Cyrtl William Bowdler 
(name doubled), C.B. (Civ. 1902). late 8th Hus- 
sars., a Kt. of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1839. 
Club, Army and Navy. 

BOWDON (BUTLER-). Hon. Mrs. John, dau. 
of 12th Bn. Petre. 

BOWDON (BUTLER-), Hon. Mrs. Lancelot, 
dau. of the late Bnss. Grey de Ruthyn. 

BOWELL, Knight. Hon. Sir Mackenzie 
Bowell, K.C.M.G. (1895) , F.R.C.I.,a P.C. of Canada 
(1878), late Prime Min., and has been Min. 
of Customs, Defence, Trade, &c. ; formerly a 
journalist and printer, served as a vol. during 
Fenian outbreak, and retired as Lt.-Col., is ed. 
and proprietor of Belleville Daily Intelligence : b. 
1823, widower. Bes., Belleville, Ontario. 

BOWEN Barony {Life Peerage, U.K. 1893) — 
extinct from death of oniy Bn. in 1894. 


Rev. the Hon. William Edward B., M.A., b. 1862, 
mar. 1890 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Morse (Hon. Mrs. Bowen). Res., Glenheadon, 
Totland R.S.O., I. of Wight; 119 Barkston Gdns., 
Earl's Ct., S.W. 

Hon. Maxwell Steele B., late Lieut. Sherwood 
Foresters (Mil.), b. 1863. lies., Bramshott, Liphook 
R.S.O., Hants. 

Hon. Ethel Kate, now Hon. Mrs. Josiah Wedgwood, 
b. 1869, mar. 1894 Josiah W-, Esq. 

BOWEN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Florence, dau. of the late Rev. Thos. Luby, 
D.D., and widow of Rev. Hy. White), mar. 1896, 
2nd wife to 2nd husb., Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. Fergu- 

son Bowen, G.C.M.G. formerly Gov. of Queens- 
land and other Colonies (d. 1899). Bes.. Rosecliff, 
Luccombe, Shanklin R.S.O., I.W. ; 16 Lowndes 
St., S.W. 

BOWEN, Capt. Charles Otway Cole, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1867. 

BOWEN, Capt. Gerard Christopher, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Roy. Munst. Fus. ; Boer War 1899- 
iqo2 : b. 1864. 

BOWEN, Capt. Harry James Ap-Owen, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), S. Africa with Kimberley Light 
Horse 1900 : b. 1S68. 

BOWEN, Paym.-in-Ch. William Herbert, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N. retd., late of H.M.'s 
yachts : b. 1843. Res., Dunedin, St. Edward's 
Rd., Southsea. 

BOWER, Knight. Sir Graham John Bower, 
K.C.M.G. (1892), Colon. Sec. of Mauritius 
(admind. Govt. 1900-1), Com. R.N. retd., was Im- 
per. Sec. to High Commissr. for S. Africa 1884 : b. 
1848, mar. 1882 Maud Laidley, dau. of Jas. S. 
Mitchell, Esq., of Sydney. Bes., Port Louis, 

BOWER, Maj. Robert Lister, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Capt. and Hon. Maj. King's Roy. Rifle Corps 
(Mil.) ; Egvpt 1882, Soudan, Nile, Jebu 1892, now 
Ch. Const. "N. Riding: b. i860. Rss., The West 
House, Thirsk, Yorks. 

BOWERS, Bishop— see " Thetford." 

BOWERS, Capt. Dillon Aldwortii Hare, 
D.S.O. (1902), Cape Mtd. Rifles; Boer War 
1900-2 : b. 1870. B-!S.. Umtata, Tembuland. 

BOWES, Baron {U.K. 1887), Imper. title of E. 
of Strathmore andK. (fam. name Bowes-Lyon) . 

BOWKER, Capt. William James, D.S.O. 
(1899). Somerset L.I. ; Beniu 1899, empld. in 
Roy. Niger Territs. : b. 1869. 

BOWLBY, Anthony Alfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
F.R.C.S., a Surg, in Ord. to H.M.'s Househd., 
was Head of the Portland Hosp. in S. Afr. War 
1900, author of several med. works : b. 1855. Res., 
24 Manchester Sq., W. 

BOWLES, Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 
Yorks. Regt. ; Nile 1884-5, Tirah 1897-8, and 
S. Africa 1899-1901, now A.A.G. at Headqrs. : 
b. 1854. Club, U. Serv. 

BOWMAN, Baronet. Sir William Paget 
Bowman, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1884), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, Regist. of Corp. Sons of Clergy and Treas. 
of Cholmondeley Charities: son of 1st Bt., b. 
1845, sue. 1892, mar. 1870 Emily Frances, dau. 
of the late Capt. Wm. Swabey, R A. Heir, his | 
son Rev. Paget Mervvn B. \\>. 1873; 2nd heir, 
lattei-'s son JohnPaget, b. 1904). Bes., Joldwynds, 
Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking ; Corporation 
House, 2 Bloomsbury PL, W.C. 

BOWMONT and CESSFORD, Marquess of 
{Scot. 1707), a title of the Roxburghe Dukedom, 
borne ("M. of Bowmont" only) by the heir when 
a son. 

BO WRING, Knight. Sir (Charles) Clement 
Bowi ing, Kt. Bach. (1900), of the firm of Cox and 
Bowring, wine merchants, Derby ; Chmn. of Derby 
Conserv. Assoc., and a Vice-Pres. of Nat. Union, 
many years in 1st Vol. Batt. Sherwood Foresters 
(ret. as Major) : b. 1844, mar. 1872 Violet Camilla, 
dau. of Saml. Ball, Esq. Bes., Park Grange, 

BOWRING, Edgar Alfred, C.B. (Civ. 1862), 
formerly an M.P., and Libr. and Regist. to Bd. of 
Trade : b. 1826. lies., 5 Lewes Crcic, Brighton ; 
30 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BOWRING, Col. Frederick Thomas Nels jn 

Directory of Peerage, SOY 

154 BOW 

Spbatt, C.B. (Mil. 1904), E.E. retd. (1904); 
Afghn. 1878-80, and Burma 1886-7 = 1847. 

BOWRLNG, Lewin Bentham, C.S.I. (1867), 
formerly Ch. Commissi', of Mysore and Coorg, 
Priv. Sec. to Earl Canning 1858-62 : b. 1824. 
Fes., Woodlands, Torquay. 

BOWYER, Baronet. Sir George Henry 
Bowyer, 9th Bt. of Denhain {Eng. 1660) and 5th 
Bt. of Badley (Gt. Br. 1794), late Lieut. 4th Batt. 
Chesh. Eegt. (Mil.): son of the late Hy. G. 
Bowyer, Esq., and nephew of 7th and 8th Bts. ; 
b. 1870, sue. 1893, mar. 1899 Ethel, dan. of the late 
Eras. Hawkins, Esq., from whom he (1900) obtd. 
a divorce. Heir pres. to Baronetcy of 1660, a (3rd) 
cousin, Maj. Wentworth Grenville Atkins- 
Boivyer (b. 1850 ; 2nd heir, latter s son George 
Edward Wentworth, b. 1886; no heir to the 
Badley Btey.). Res,, changing. 

BOWYER, Hon. Mrs. Edward, dau. of present 
Vise. Cross. 

BOXALL, Baron. Alleyne Alfred Boxall, 
1st Bn. (Saxe-Coburg 1900), Commander of the 
Saxe-Ernestine Coburg -Eamily Order, formerly 
Personal Solie. to the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg 
(Duke of Edinburgh, E.G.) : son of Wm. P. 
Boxall, Esq., of Brighton and Cowfold : b. 1855, 
mar. 1881 Mary Elizabeth, dau. of the late Jas. H. 
Lermitte, Esq. Heir, his son Alleyne Percival 
(b. 1882; 2nd heir, next son, Caryl Lermitte, b. 
1888). Res., 14 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk., W. 

*** This creation was designed by H.R.H. the late 
Reigning Duke, and carried out by his successor. Is 
authorised by the Crown for use in this country by 
the grantee and his heirs male. 

BOXALL, Knight. Col. Sir Charles Gervaise 
Boxall, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), V.D., Hon. Col. 1st 
Sussex Vol. Artill., organised City Imper. Vols. ; 
is a partner in the legal firm of Boxall and 
Boxall : b. 1852 (a bro. of Baron Boxall), mar. 
1879 Eugenie, dau. of Hy. Wyles, Esq. Res., 
Battlemead, Maidenhead, Berks. ; West Chil- 
tington, Pulborough R.S.O., Sussex. 

BOYALL, Capt. Alfred Morey, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Yorks. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1877. 

BOYCE, Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 1899), C.E., 
was Princ. Surveyor of Consular Bdgs. 1877-1900, 
formerly in like posts in China and Japan : b. 
1834. Res., Ee-Yuan, Hampton Wick, Middx. 

BOYCE, Maj. William George Bertram, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), A.S.C., S. Africa 1899-1900, prev. 
Staff-Capt. Cork Dist. : b. 1868. 

BOYCOTT (WIGHT-), Lt.-Col. Thomas 
Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), Capt. Staffords. Imper. 
Yeom. and Lt.-Col. 27th Batt. ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1872. Res., Rudge Hall, Pattingham, Wolver- 

BOYD, Knight. Hon. Sir John Alexander 
Boyd, K.C.M.G. (1901; Kt. Bach. 1899), M.A., 
LL.D., Pres. of High Ct. of Ontario, a Gov. of 
M'Master Univ., appd. Q.C. (Can.) 1880 : b. 
1837, niar. 1863 Elizabeth, dau. of David Buchan, 
Esq. Res., 119 Bloor St., Toronto. 

BOYD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Isabella, 
dau. of the late Jno. Lawson, Esq., W.S.), mar. 
1853 Sir Jno. Boyd (d. 1893). lies., Maxpoffle 
House, St. Boswells, Roxburgh. 

BOYD, Charles Walter, C.M.G. (1904), Joint 
Sec. to the Rhodes Trust : b. 1869. Res., 2 White- 
hall Gdns., S.W. 

BOYD, Francis Darby, C.M.G. ( 1900-1 ),M.D., 
F.R.C.P.E., Phys. to Deaconesses' Hosp. Edin- 
burgh, was head of the Edinburgh Hosp. in Boer 
War 1900 : b. 1866. Res., 22 Manor PL, Edinburgh. 

BOYD, Capt. Gerald Farrell, D.S.O. (1902), 
Leinster Regt. : S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOYD, Col. John Alexander, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
A.S.C. retd. (1900) ; S. Africa 1879-81, Nile 1884-5, 
late aD.A.Q,.M.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1857. Res., 20 
Sunderld. Terr., Westbourne Gdns., W. 

BOYD, Lady Lilian Adelaide Katiierine 
Mary, dau. of 2nd E. of Munster. 

BOYD (ROCHFORT-),Col. Charles Augustus, 
C.M.G. (1900-1), R.E. retd. (1903) ; Egypt 1882, S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1850. Club, U. Serv. 

BO YES, Maj. -Gen. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late Gord. Highldrs. ; Egypt 1882-4, 
Soudan, Nile 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1900 (comdg. 
a Brigade), ret. 1904: b. 1843. Res., The Holt, 
Appledore R.S.O., N. Devon. 

BOYLE, family name of Cork and Orrery, 
Glasgow, and Shannon Earldoms. Index to the 
three lines and below : 

Hn. Alan Reg. o. Ly. Helen, s. Hn. Mrs. Rich. c. 
Hn. Alex. Jas. g. Ly. Helen Jane, g. Hn. Mrs.Rob.Ed.c. 
Hn. Alg. D. E. H. s.Hn. Henry Geo. s. Hn. Rob. Elph. g. 
Hn. Edwd. S. II. s.Hn. James, g. Hn. Rob. Eras. s. 
Ly. Eliz. M. G. g. Hn. Jno. Lav. g. Hn. Rob. Hy. s. 
Hn.Elphinstone,c-.Hn. Lascelles, c. Hn. Rob. J. L. c. 
Hn. Louglas, s. Ly. Mary Helen.G. Hn. Spencer, s. 
Hn. Mrs. Edmd. c. Ly. Muriel L.Li. G.Hn.Walt. J. H. s. 
Ly. Florence, sep. Ly. Mur., Kt.'sWd.Hn. Wm. Geo. c. 

BOYLE, Baron (Gt. Br. 1711), Imper. title of 
the Cork and Orrery Earldom : see compds. below. 

BOYLE, Baronet. Sir Edward Boyle, 1st Bt, 
(U.K. 1904), K.C. (1898), a Dir. of Lond. and 
Ind. Docks: son of Edwd. O. Boyle, Esq., C.E., 
b. 1849, mar. 1874 Constance Jane, dau. of Wm. 
Knight, Esq. Heir, his son Edward Gurney (b. 
1878; no 2nd heir). Seat, Ockham, Hurst 6m., 
Etchingham, Sussex; town res., 63 Queen's Gt., 
S.W.; chamb., 1 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

BOYLE, Knight. Sir (Charles) Cavendish 
Boyle, K.C.M.G. (1897), Gov. of Mauritius, late of 
Newfoundld., has been Lt.-Gov. British Guiana, 
Colon. Sec. Bermuda and Gibraltar, and held 
office in Leeward Is. and Dominica, also in Ct. of 
Probate : b. 1849 (gt. grandson of 7th E. of Cork). 
Res., Govt. House, Port Louis, Mauritius ; Reduit, 
same Isld. 

BOYLE, Knight's Widow. Lady Muriel 
Sarah B. (nee Campbell), dau. of 2nd Earl 
Cawdor, b. 1845, mar. 1876 Sir CourtenayE. Boyle, 
K.C.B., Perm. Sec. to Bd. of Trade (d. 1901, bro. 
of nreceding). Res., 86 Beulah Hill, Norwood, 
S.E. . 

BOYLE, Viscount (by courtesy) , son and heir of 
E. of Shannon — see " Boyle of Bandon " below. 

BOYLE, Lady Florence Cecilia, dau. of 7th 
E. of Albemarle. 

BOYLE, Capt. James, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), 
Brit, Cons, at Copenhagen, prev. A.D.C. to Gov. 
of Bombay and Cons, for Texas, Greece, and 
Negropont : b. 1850. Res., Brit. Consulate, 

BOYLE, Col. Lionel Richard Cavendish, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late Hon. Col. and Lt.- 
Col. comdg. Inf. Batt. of Hon. Artill. Co., formerly 
Sub-Lieut. R.N. : b. 1851 (gt. grandson of 7th E. 
of Cork and 1st cous. of above Kt.). Club, Army 
and Navy. 

BOYLE, Richard Vicars, C.S.I. (1869), 
M.I.C.E., formerly in Pub: Works Dept. India, 
distinguished for defence of his house (Puckah 
House) at Arrah during Mutiny, was Chf . Engr. 
to Japan Govt. 1872-7, has practised also in Spam : 
b. 1822. Res., 3 Stanhope Terr., Hyde Park, W. 1 

BOYLE of BANDON, Viscount (Irel. 1756) — 
see " Shannon, E. of," and " Boyle, Vise." above. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



&c, Baron (Scot. 1699), also of Stewartoun, 
C umbrae, &c. (1703)— see " Glasgow, E. of." 

BOYLE of KINALMEAKY, Viscount (Irel. 
1628)— see " Cork and O.. E. of." 

BOYLE op MARSTON, Baron (Gt. Br. 1711), 
and of YOUGHAL (Irel. 1616)— see "Cork and 
O., E. of," and " Boyle, Bn. " above. 

BOYNE, Viscount. Gustavus Russell Hamil- 
ton-Russell. 8th Vise. (Irel.), stoasBn. Brancepeth 
j (U.K.) ; a D.L. for Shropshire : son of 7th V. ; 
1 1). May 28, 1830; sue. 1872 (C); mar. 1858 the 
I late Lady Katharine Frances Scott, dau. of 2nd E. 
J of Eldon (d. 1903). Seats, Brancepeth Castle, 
I Brancepeth B.S.O., Co. Durham; Burwarton 
House, Bridgnorth, Salop ; town res., 16 Grosvenor 
j Gdns., S.W. 

\ Creations. Irel. : Bn. Hamilton of Stackallan, 1715 : 
I Vise. Boyne, 1717. U.K. : Bn. Brancepeth, 1866.— The jst 
Peer was Gustavus Hamilton, a distinguished military 
officer (at the Boyne, Londonderry, &c); The 7th Vise, 
appended the name Russell. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Hamilton- Russell. ) 
i Issue of present (8th) V. (himself sole surviving 
issue of 7th) : 

The three deceased infants, Louisa, Emma Maria, 
and Gustavus Claud (b. 1859-61, d. i36i-2). 

Hon. Alice Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Wyndham 
St.-John-Mildmay, b. 1862, mar. 1889 Capt. Wyndham 
P. St.-J.-M. Res., Hazlegrove, Sparkford, Bath ; 
121 Mount St., W. 

Hon. Gustavus William H.-R., heir to Viscounty, 
a D.L. for Durham and Salop, formerly Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Northumbd. Fus. (Mil.): b. 1864. Res., 
Hardwick, Sedgcfield, Ferry Hill, Co. Durham. 

Hon. Maud Harriet H.R., b. 1865. 

Hon. Constance Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Albert 
Baillie, b. 1866, mar. 1898 Rev. Albert Victor B. 
Res., The Rectory, Rugby. 

Hon. Frederick Gustavus H.-R., and heir, a D.L. 
for Durham : b. 1S67, mar. 1897 Lacly Margaret 
Rachel Scott, dau. of 3rd E. of Eldon. Res., 45 
Gloucester PI., W. ; La Boysonnade, Bellagio, 
Lake Como, Italy. 

Hon. Claud Eustace H.-R., a. D.L. for Durham, for- 
merly Lieut. Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) : b. 1871, mar. 1899 
Maria Lindsay (" May"), dau. of Sir Lindsay Wood, 
1st Bt. of The Hermitage (Hon. Mrs. Claud 
H.-R.). Res., Cleobury Ct., Bridgnorth, Salop. 

Hon. Arthur H.-R., Capt. 1st Brgns., served in S. 
Africa 1900 : b. 1872, mar. 190s Marion Lilias, dau. 
of the late II v. Harris, Esq., of Steventon (Hon. 
Mrs. Arthur H.-R.). 

Hon. Florence Rachel H.-R., b. 1875. 

Hon. Eustace Scott H.-R., late Capt. Northumb. Fus. 
(Mil.) : b. 1878. 

The deceased Hubert H.-R., b. & d. 1886. 

— D au. -in-law : 

Lady Margaret Rachel H.-R., see Hon. Fredk. above. 
BOYNTON, Baronet. Sir Griffith Henry 
Boynton, 12th Bt. (Eng. 1618), son of the late Rev. 
Griffith Boynton and 1st cousin of 11th Bt. ; b. 
1849, sue. 1899, mar. 1885 Euphernia Violet, dau. 
of the late J. Inglis Chalmers, Esq. Heir, his son 
Griffith Wilfrid Norman (b. 1889; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Rev. Charles Ingram William B., b. 
1853). Res. (Lady B.), 11 Montpelier Cresc., 

BOYNTON, Baronet's Widow. Mildred, 
Lady B. (Mildred Augusta, dau. of Rev. Thos. B. 
Paget, Canon of York), mar. 1876 Sir Henry S. 
Boynton, 11th Bt. (d. 1899). Res., Cherry Burton, 
Beverley, E. Yorks. 

BOYS, Maj. Reginald Harvey Henderson, 
B.S.O. (1900-ij, R.E., Teleg. Batt. in S.Africa 
1900-2, rendered valuable service during plague 
at Hong Kong 1894 : b. 1867. 

BRABANT, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Edward 

Yewd Brabant, K.C.B. (Mil. igoi),C.M.G. (1879), 
M.L.A. Cape Col., has been Comdt.-Gen. of Cape 
Vols., had chief comd. of Troops from that Col. in 
S. Africa 1899-1901, formerly Capt. 80th Regt. : b. 
1839, mar. 1862 Mary Burnet, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Robertson. Res., King William's Town, Cape. 

BRABANT, Capt. Guy Alfred, D.S.O. (1902), 
S. African Irrcg. Forces 1900-2 : b. 1873. . Res., 
Gonnubie Pk., East London, Cape Col. 

BRABAZON, family name of Meath Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies" and "Hons." 

BRABAZON, Baron (Brabazon of Ardee, Irel. 
1616), a title of the Meath Earldom formerly 
borne by an heir (present heir, Lord Ardee) . 

BRABAZON, Maj .-Gen. John Palmer, C.V.O. 
(1901), C.B. (Mil. 1893), Ashanti 1873-4, Afghn. 
1878-80, Egypt and Nile 1884-5, s - Africa 1899-1900, 
ret. 1901 and is a Gentn. Usher to H.M., late an 

A. D.C. to Queen Victoria : b. 1843. Res., Bra- 
bazon Pk., Swinford, Co. Mayo ; 10 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

BRABOURNE, Baron. Edward Knatchbull- 
Hugessen, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, late 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., an M.P. 1889-92 : son of 
1st Bn. and heir pres. to his 1st cousin Sir Wynd- 
ham Knatchbull, Bt. ; b. April 5, 1857 ; sue. 1893 
(L.) ; mar. 1880 Amy Virginia, dau. of Wentworth 

B. Beaumont, Esq. Res., Hoath Cottage, Smeeth, 
Ashford, Kent. (The Lady B., The Hatch, God- 
den Grn., Sevenoaks; 7 Upp. Belgrave St., S.W.) 

Creation. Bn. Brabourne, U.K. 1880.— The Rt. Hon. 
Edwd. Knatchbull-Hugessen, M.P. for Sandwich, a 
Lord of the Treasury, and Under Sec. in the Home and 
Colonial Depts., was the 1st Bn. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Knatchbull-Hugessm.) 
Issue 0/ present (2nd) Bn.: 

The deceased Richard E. W. K.-H., b. 1881, d. 1883. 
Hon. Margaret Eva de Burgh, now Hon. Mrs. John 
Henry Savile, b. 1883, mar. 1905 Hon. Jno. Hy. 8., 
son of 4th E. of Mexborough and heir pres. to the 

Hon. Wyndham Wentwortu K.-H., heir to Barony, 
late 2nd Lieut. 7th Batt. Rif. Brig. (Mil.) : b. 1385. 
(2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Cecil.) 
Hon. Bettine Henrietta K.-H, b. 1888. 
Surviving iscv.e of 1st Bn. (bro., sist., half-bro., 
&c, of present) : 

Bv ist mrrge. (1852.) 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Katharine Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
Prideaux-Brune, b. 1859, mar. 1883 Col. Chas. Robt. 
P.-B. Res.. The Grange, Wclwyn, Herts. 

Hon. Cecil Marcus K. -H., B.A., barrister-at-law : b. 
1863, mar. 1803 Helena Regina Frederica de Heyden, 
dau. of the late Hermann von-Flescli-Brunningen, 
Imper. Counc., of Vienna (Hon. Mrs. Cecil K.-H.). 
Res., 43 Norfolk So.., W. ; chamb., 2 Mitre Ct. 
Bdgs., Temple, E.C. 

BY 2ND MRRGE. (l8$0.) 

Hon. Adrian Norton K.-H., b. 1891. 
Hon. Alicia Mary Dorothea K.-H., b. 1893 (posthu- 

BRABOURNE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Ethel Mary, dau. of the late Col. Sir 
Geo. G. Walker, K.C.B.), mar. 1890, as 2nd wife, 
1st Bn. Brabourne (d. 1893). Res., 13 West 
Eaton PL, S.W. • 

BRABROOK, Knight. Sir Edward William 
Brabrooh, .Kt. Bach. (1005), C.B. (Civ. 1897), 
E.S.A., barrister-at-law, Vise-Pres. and Treas. 
Roy. Soc. of Lit. , and connected with other learned 
bodies, late Ch. Registrar of Eriendly Socs. : b. 
1839, mar. 1862. Res., 178 Bedford Hill, Balham, 

BRACKENBURY, Priv. Counc. and Knight. 
Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Brachenbury, P.C. 
(Gt. Br. 1904), G.C.B. (Mil. 1901 ; K.C.B. 1894), 

156 BRA 

K.C.S.I. (1896), was Dir.-Gen. of Ordn. in S. Afr. 
War and at Headqrs., has been Mil. Attache in 
Paris, Assist. Und. Sec. in Ireland, and Mil.Memb. 
of Counc. of Gov.-Gen. of India ; served in Centr. 
j India, Cyprus, in Ashanti and Zulu Wars, Nile 
Expedn., &c, ret. 1904 and is Col. Comdt. R.A. : 
b. 1837, widower. Res., ik Albanv. W. 

BRACKENBURY, Adrn. John William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1887), C.M.G. (1879). B. 1ST. retd. ('1905); 
Zululd. 1879, Egypt, and Witu [E. Africa), late 
2nd in comd. of Channel Squad. : b. 1842. Res., 
Speen Hill Lodg-e, Newbury, Berks. 

BRACKENBUR Y, Col. Mao lb Campbell, 
C.S.I. (1898), R.E. retd. (1839); Perak Expedn. 
1874-5. Af'ghn. 1873-81, and N.W. Frontier 1898, 
retd. 1899, andisManasr. Rohilkand Rail . : b. 1844. 
lies., 25 Queen's Mansns., 56 Victoria St., S.W. 

BRACKLEY, Viscount {by courtesy— title U.K. 
1846), eld. son and heir of E. of Ellesmere. 

BRACO, Baron {Irel, 1735)— see "Fife, D. of." 

BRADDELL, Octavius Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 
Acct. in Works Off., Dublin : b. 1843. Res., 
Sarnia. Donnybrook, Dublin ; Bullingate, Car- 
new. Shillelagh R.S.O., Co. Wicklow. 

BRADDON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Alice Harriet, dau. of W. H. Smith, Esq.), mar. 
1876, as 2nd wife, the Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. N. 
Coventry Braddon, K. C.M.G. , late Premier of 
Tasmania (d. 1904). Res., Treglith, Tasmania. 

BRADFORD, Baronet. Col. Sir Edward 
Ridley Colborne Bradford, 1st Bt. [U.K. 1902), 

G. C.B. (Civ. 1897), G.C.V.O. (1902), K.C.S.I.(i885), 
I. A. Supermini. List, an Extra Equerry to 

H. M., Commissr. of Police for the Metropolis 
1890-1903, formerly in Madras Cavalry (served in 
Persia, in N.W. Provs., &c), has been Ser\ to 
Polit. Dept. at India Office : son of the late Rev. 
Wm. M. K. Bradford, b. 1836, mar. 1898, 2nd 
wife, Edith Mary, dau. of Wm. Nicholson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Maj. Evelyn Ridley B. (b. 1869; 
2nd heir, next son, Edward Austen, Lieut., b. 
1879). Res., 50 Sth. Audley St., W. 

BRADFORD, Earl of. George Cecil 
Orlando B ridge ■man. 4th Earl ( U. K.) and a Bt. ; 
a D.L. for Salop and AVarwicks., formerly Lieut. 

I 1st Life Gds. and Capt. Shropsh. Yeom., an M.P. 

I 1867-85 (as Vise. Newport) : son of 3rd E. ; b. Feb. 
3, 1845; sue. 1898 {0.) ; mar. 1869 Lady Ida 
Frances Annabella Burnley, dau. of 9th E. of Scar- 
brough and an Extra Lady of the Bedchamber 
to H.R.H. the Princess oit" Wales (formerly to 
present Queen when holding that title). Seats 
&c, Weston Pk., Shifnal, Salop; Castle Brom- 
wich, Birmingham ; Clarendon House, New- 
market; Knockin Hall, Oswestry, Salop {let) ; 
town res., 44 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1660: Bn. Bradford, Gt. Br. 
1794 ; E. of Bradford (Salop) and Vise. Newport (of Brad- 
ford aforesaid), U.K. 1815.— Sir Henry Bridgeman, 5th 
Bt., was created a Bn., and his son and successor 
became Vise, and Earl. An earlier series of similar 
titles had lapsed ; the family name under these was 
Newport, but a daughter of the 3rd Earl married the 
4th Bridgeman Bt., and thus led to the revival of the 
title, which consequently represents the surname, and 
is not taken from the town of Newport. 

Titled Relatives. , 
Issue .of present (4^) E.: 

Lady Beatrice Adine, now Lady B. Pretyman, b. 
1870, mar. 1894 Ernest Geo. P., Esq., M.P. Res., 
Orwell J'ark, Ipswich; Riby Grove, Stalling- 
borough, Lines. ; 2 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 
Lady Margaret Alice, now Ctss. of Dalkeith, b. 1872, 
mar. 1893 Earl of D., M.P., son and heir of 6th D. 
of Buccleuch, q.v. I 


Vise. Newport, heir to Earldom : Orlando B., M.A., 
a D. h. for Warwickshire, Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots 
(Mil"), served in S. Africa 1900-2, late Priv. Sec. to 
Lord Salisbury, now to Mr. Balfour : b. 1873, mar. 
1901 Hon. Margaret Cecilia Bruce, dau. of snd Bn. 
Aberdare. Club, Carlton. 

Lady Helena Mary, now Ctss. of Sefton, b. 1875, 
mar. 1893 Hon. Osbert Cecil Molyneux, now 6th 
Earl of S., q.v. 

Lady Florence Sibell, now Lady F. Norman, b. 1877, 
mar. 1904 llonald Collet A'., Esq. lies., 2 Sloane 
Ct,, S.W. 

Hon. Richard Orlando Beaconsfield B., 2nd heir, 

Lieut. R.N. : b. 1879. 
Hon. Henry George Orlando B., Lieut. R. A., b. 1882. 

Surviving issue of yd E. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Francis Charles B., formerlv Col. 1st Batt. Scots 
Gds. and A. B.C. to Fd.-Marsh. Prince Edward of 
Saxe-Weimyr, served at Suakin, an M.P. 1385-95 : % 
1846, mar. 1883 Gertrude Cecilia, dau. of Geo. Han- 
bury, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Francis B.). Res., Neachley, 
Shifnal, Salop ; 59 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Lady Mabel Selina, now Lady M. Kenyon-Slaney. b. 
1855, mar. 1387 Col. Rt. Hon. Wm. Slaney K.-S., 
M.P. Res., Hatton Grange, Shifnal, Salop. 

Lady Florence Katherine, now Vtus. of Hareivood, 
b. 1859, mar. 1881 5th Earl of II. , q.v. 

Dau.-in-laiv of 2nd E. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 3rd Earl, b. 1819, d. 1898.) 

Hon. Mrs. John B. (Marianne Caroline, dau. of the 
late Ven. Wm. Clive), mar. 1862 the late Rev. the 
Hon. John Robert Orlando B. (d. 1897). Res., 
Frogne), Torquay. 

BRADFORD, Capt. Edward EdexN. M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905 's R N., Solomon Is. and Egypt ; 
Chief of Staff of Channel Fleet. 

BRADLEY, Hon. Mrs. Henry, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
St. Leonards. 

BRADLEY, Lieut. Robert William, D.S.O. 
(1902), S. Wales Borderers; S.Africa 1899-1902, 
now an Assist. Instr. Sc'i. of Musketry : b. 1874. 

BRADSHAW, Surg.-Maj.-Gen. (Alexander) 
Frederick, C.B. (Mil. 1891), M.A.. M.R.C.P., 
F.R.G.S., R.H.A. retd. (1895); Mutiny 1857-9, 
Zhob Valley, Hazara 1891, Princ. Med. Offr. to 
Forces in India 1892-5 and on Staff of three 
Coins. -in-Ch. ; an Hon. Phys. to H.M. : b. 1834. 
Res., 111 Banbury Rd., Oxford. 

BRADSTREET, Baronet. Sir Edward Simon 
Victor Bradstreet, 7th Bt. {Irel. 1759), C.E. : son 
of 6th Bt., b. 1855, sue. 1905. mar. 1888 Fortuna 
Mary. dau. of Signor Fioride' Leiichi, of Algerin. 
Heir, his son Gerald Edmund (b. 1891 ; no 2nd 
heir). lies:, Castilla, Clontarf, Dublin. 

BRADY, Baronet. Sir Francis William 
Brady, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1869), K.C. (i860), B.A., 
a D.L. of Dublin City, County Ct. Judge and 
Chmn. of Q.S. Tyrone : son of 1st Bt. (Rt. Hon. 
Sir Maziere Brady, three times Ld. Chanc. of 
Ireld.), b. 1824, sue. 1871, mar. 1892, 2nd wife, 
Geraldine Kathleen, dau. of Geo. Hatchell, Esq., 
M.D. Heir pres., his nephew Col. Robert 
Maziere B. (b. 1854 ; 2nd heir, latter's bro. Maj. 
William LiOiigrield B., b. 1863). Res., Sorrento 
Cottage, Dalkey, Co. Dublin ; 25 Up. Pembroke 
St., Dublin. 

BRADY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Annie, 
dau. of Jno. Lipsett, Esq.), mar. 1884, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Thos. F. Brady, Kt. Bach., Insp. of 
Irish Fisheries and Commissr. of Piers and Har- 
bours (d. 1904). lies., 11 Percv PL, Dublin. 

BRAGANZA— see Royal Family. 

BRAITH WAITE, Capt. William Garnett, 
D.S.O. (190C-1), Roy. Welsh Fus.; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, aftds. D.A.A.G. in W. Transvaal: b. 1870. 

Directory of Peerage, 

BBA Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BRAKE, Maj. Hbrbeet Edward John, 

C. B. (Mil. 1901), D.S.O. (1899), R.A., Punjab 
Front. 1892-6, Uganda 1898-9, Ashanti and 
Gambia 1900-1, formerly in civil employment, 
now Comdt. of Loc. Eorees in Trinidad : b. 1866. 
Club, U. Serv. 

BRAMPTON, Baron. Henry Hawkins, 1st 
Bn. {U. A'.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1899), a Judge of the 
High Ct. (Qn.'s Bch. and Excheq.) 187S-98, appd. 
Q,.C. 1858 : son of Jno. Hawkins, Esq.. of Hitchin ; 
b. Sept. 14, 1817 ; cr. Kt. Bach. 1876, a Baron 1899 
(C.) ; mar. 1887, 2nd wife, Jane Louisa, dau. of 
Hy. Fras. Reynolds, Esq. No heir. Res., 5 Tilney 
■ St., Park Lane, W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Brampton, 1899.— No issue. 

BBAMSTON, Knight. Sir John Bramston, 
G.C.M.G. (1900; K.C.M.G. 1897), C.B. (Civ. 1886), 

D. C.L., F.R G.S., F.R.C.I., late Leg. Assist. 
Under Sec. for Colon. Dept., formerly Attorn- 
G-en. of Queensland and Hong Kong: b. i8~2, 
mar. 1872 Eliza Isabella, dau. of the late Rev. 
Harry V. Russell, lies., 18 Berkeley PL, Wimble- 

I don, S.W. 

BRAMWELL, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Harriet Leonora, dau. of the late Jos. Frith, 
I Esq.), mar. 1847 her cousin Sir Frederick Jos. 
I Bramwell, 1st and only Bt., F.R.S., a distin- 
guished engineer (d. 1903). Res., Holmwood, 
Eden Bridge, Kent. 

BRAMWELL, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 2nd 
Bn. Rathdonaell. 

BRANCEPETH, Baron {U.K. 1866), Imper. 
title of Vise. Boyne. 

BRAND, family name of Hampden Viscounty, 
q.v. for " Hons." and Lady Katharine. 

BRAND, Knight's Widow. Lady£. (Catherina 
Dorothea, dau. of Robt. Aling, Esq.), mar. 1869, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Christofhl Jos. Brand, Speaker in 
Cape House of Assemb. (d. 1875). Ets., Cape Town. 

BRAND, Ferdinand, I.S.O. (1902), Staff Clk. 
and Librarian at Admiralty, was Co -Editor of 
Navy List 1880-98: b. 1848. Res., Heywood 
Lodge, Curuber'and Rd., Kew. 

BRAND, James, I.S.O. (1903), 2nd class Clk. in 
Exchequer and Audit Dept. Res., 130 Burnt Ash 
li Hill, Lee. S.E. 

! BRANDER, Lt.-Col. Herbert Ralph, C.B. 
; (Mil. 1904), I.A., Hazara 1891, Chitral Relief, 
I Thibet 1904: b. 1861. 

I BRANDIS, Knight. Sir Dietrich Brandis, 
I K.C.I.E. (18S7), L.L.D., Ph.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., 
j Insp.-Gen. of Forests in India 1864-83, prev. in 
! Pegu and Burma, Lecturer on Botany at Bonn 
I Univ. from 1849 : b. 1824, mar. 1867, 2nd wife, 
I Katherine, dau. of Dr. Rudolf Hasse. Res., Bonn. 
I BRANDON, Duke of (Gt. Br. 1712), Imper. 
I title of D. of Hamilton. 

I BRANDRETH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
! (Madeline, dau. of Alex. Colvin, Esq.), mar. 
1886 Adm. Sir Thos. Brandreth, K.C.B., a Lord 
of Admir. and Pres. Roy. Nav. Coll. Greenwich 
1 (d. 1894). Res., Heathfield, Winchester. 

BRANFOOT, Surg.-Gen. Arthur Mudge, 
CLE. (1898), M.B.,L.R.C.P.,I.M.S.retd. (1903) ; 
Pres. of Med. Bd. Ind. Office, late Princ. Med. 
Offr. Bangalore and Southn. Dists. of Madras, 
prev. Supt. Govt. Maternity Hosp. Madras: b. 
1848. Clvb, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BRASIER, Lady Charlotte Adelaide Louisa 
Riversdale, dau. of 5th Earl MountCashell. 
BRASSEY, family name of following Barony. 
BRASSEY, Baron. Thomas Brassey, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), K.C.B. (Civ. 1881), M. A., D.C.L., 
LL.D., A.I.C.E., a D.L. for Sussex, barrister-at- 

BRA 157 

law, Kt. of Justice St. John Jerus., Hon. Col. 
Cinque Ports Vol. Artill., Hon. Com. R.N.R., a 
Younger Bro. of Trin. House ; Gov. of Victoria 
1895-1900, an M.P. 1865-86, and has been Sec. to 
the Admiralty and Civil Lord, a memb. of three 
Commssns., and a Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria : son of Thos. Brassey, Esq., the noted 
railway contractor; b. Feb. 11, 1836; cr. Bn. 
i885 (L.) ; mar., 1st, i860, the late Anna, dau. 
of Jno. Allnutt, Esq. (she died 1887) ; 2ndly, 1890, 
Lady Sibyl de Vere Capell, dau. of late Vise. 
Maiden, son of 6th E. of Essex. Seat, Norman- 
hurst, Battle, Sussex ; town res., 24 Park Lane, W. 
Creation. Bn. Brassey, U.K. 1886. 



Hon. Thomas Allnutt B., heir to Barony, M.A., 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. W. Kent Imper. Yeom , 
served in S. Africa 1500 and has been Assist. Priv. 
See. to First Lord of Admiralty : b. 1863, mar. 1889 
Lady Idina Mary Nevill, dau. of 1st M. of Aber- 
gavenny. Rev., Park Gt., Battle, Sussex. (No 
2nd heir.) 

Hon. Mabelle Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Charles Egerton, 
a Lady of Grace St. J ohn Jerus. : b. 1865, mar. 1888 
Chas. Aug. E., Esq. Res., The Banks, Roberts- 
bridge, Sussex. 

The deceased Constance Alberta B., b. 1868, d. 1873. 

Hon. Muriel Agnes B., b. 1872, mar. 1891 8th Earl 
He La Warr, from whom she in 1902 obtd. a 
divorce. Res., Old Lodge, Ashdown Forest, Uck- 
field, Sussex; z\ Park Ln., W. 

Hon. Marie Adelaide, now Hon. Mrs. Freeman 
Fresman-Thomas, b. i875,mar. 1892 Freeman F.-T., 
Esq., M.P. Re*., Ratton, Willingdon, Sussex; 76 
Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 


Hon. Helen de Vere B., b. 1892. 

Lady Idina Mary B., see Hon. Thomas above. 
BRASSEY, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 4th Bn. 

BRASSEY, Lady Violet Mary, dau. of 7th 
D. of Richmond. 

BRAY, Knight. Hon. Sir Reginald More 
Bray, Kt. Bach. (1904), officially "Mr. Justice 
Bray," M.A., a Judge of the King's Bench Div. 
of the HighCt., a D.L. for Surrey, late Roeorder 
of Guildford, appd. Q.C. 1897: b. 1842, mar. 
1868 Emily Octavia, dau. of Arthur K. Barclay, 
Esq. Res., The Manor House, Shere, Guildford : 
17 TheBoltons, S. Kens., S.W. ; chambs., 4 Crown 
Office Row, Temple, E.C. 

BRAY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Alice 
Maud, dau. of Jno. Hornabrook, Esq.), mar. 
1871 Hon. Sir Jno. Cox Bray, K.C.M.G., Prem. 
of S. Australia (d. 1894). Res., Adelaide. 

BRAY, Maj. Claude Arthur, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Army Pay Dept. ; Afghn. 1880, S. Africa 1900-1, 
author of some novels and other books : b. 1858, 
Res., Emberton House, Newport Pagnell, Bucks. 

BRAYBRO OKE , B a ron . He nry Nevil e, 7th 
Bn. {Gt. Br.), M.A., a D.L. for Cambs. and 
Hered. Visitor of Magdalene Coll. : son of 6th 
Bn. ; b. July 11, 1855 ; sue. 1904 (C.) ; mar. 1898 
Emilie Pauline, dau. of the late Antoine Gonin, 
Esq., of Macon, France. Seats, Audley End, 
Saffron Walden {let to Lord Howard de Walden) ; 
Heydon House, Royston, Herts; Billingbear, 
Wokingham, Berks. 

Creajpiox. Bn. of Braybrooke, Gt. Br. 1788.— The 1st 
Peer had four years previously succeeded as 4th Bn. 
Howard de Walden. Before this he was known as Fd.- 
Marshal Sir John Griffin- Whitw ell (the name Griffin 
assumed as a descendant of the 1st Ld. Griffin). As he 
had no male issue, the succession was assigned to his 
relative Richd. Aldworth Neville, who also assumed the 
name of Griffin, which the 5th Bn. dropped. On the 1st 
Bn.'s death the Howard Peerage fell into abeyance, but 

158 BRA 

the above special remainder preserved the Brayhrook 

Titles Relatives. 

Issue of 6th Bn. (bro. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Rev. the Hon. Grey N., heir pres. to Barony, M. A., 
Vicar of Waltham St. Lawrence : b. 1857, mar. 1S89 
Mary Peele, dau. of the late Rev. Eras. Slater. 
Res., The Vicarage, Waltham St. Lawrence, Twy- 
fordR.S.O., Berks. (2nd heir, his son Henry Sey- 
mour, b. 1897.) 

Hon. Alice Mirabel Cornwallis V., b. 1869. 

Surviving dau. oft t th Bn. (1st cousin of present) : 
Hon. Mary Isabella, now Hen. Mrs. Robt. Joynes, 
b. 1858, mar. 1880 Robt. J., Esq., formerly R.H.A. j 
Res., Staffa Lodge, Guildford. 

Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1820, d. 1861.) 
(The laie 5th Baron, b. 1823, d. 1902, no surv. issue.) 
(The late 6th Baron, b. 1827, d. 1904.) 
Hon. Lucy Georgina, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Savile, 

b. 1828, mar. 1852 the late Rev. the Hon. Arthur S. 

(d. 1870), son of 3rd E. of Mexborough, q.v. 

BRAYBROOKE, Barons' Widows. (1) 
Florence, Lady B., nee Hon. Florence Priscilla 
Alicia Maude, dau. of 3rd Vise. Ha warden, mar. 
1849 5 tn Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1002). Res., Little 
Hadham PL, Much Hadham," Herts..— (2) The 
Dowager Lady B. (Lucy Frances, dau. of Jno. 
Le Marchant, Esq.), mar. 1853 the Rev. the 
6th Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1904). Res., Binsted, 

BRAYE, Baron. Alfred Thomas Townshend 
Verney-Cave, 5thBn. {Eng.) ,aD.L. for Leicestersh. , 
late Lt.-Col. and Eon. Col. in Leic. Regt. (Mil.), 
served in S. Africa 1902, is heir general of the 
Earls Verney : son of Edgell Wyatt-Edgell, Esq., 
and of Bnss. Braye, in own right, 4th in line ; 
b. July 23, 1849; suc - ^79 (L.U.); mar. 1873 
Cecilia Harriet, dau. of the late Wm. Gerard 
Walmesley, Esq.; assumed 1880 the name 
Verney-Cave in lieu of Wyatt-Edgell. Seat, 
Stanford Hall, Mkt. Harborough, Leic. ; town 
res., 4 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Braye, Eng. 1529 by writ (in abeyance 
1557-1839 and 1862-79).— Sir Edmund Braye (Kt.), nephew 
of Sir Regd. Braye, K.G., Prime Minister to Henry VlL, 
was the 1st Bn. The family is directly descended 
from Edward III. The long abeyance occurred on the 
death of the 2nd Bn. , who held high military commands 
under Henry VIII. and his two successors, and died of 
wounds received at the Battle of St. Quintin. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Verney-Cave.) 
Issue of present ($th) Bn. (himself sole sirrviving 
issue of late Bnss.) : 
Hon. Adrian Verney V.-C, heir to Barony, C'apt. 
Motor Vol. Corps : b. 1874, mar. 1900 Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Capt. Edwd. Bouverie Bouvcrie-Pusey, R.N. 
(Hon. Mrs. Verney-Cave). lies., Stanford-on-Avon, 
Rugby, (and heir, his son Thomas Adrian, b. 

Hon. Cecilia Violet, now Hon. Mrs. Karl I'onGratzy, 
b. 1876, mar. 1903 Lieut. K. von G-, of the Austrian 
A r my. 

The deceased Hon. Ianthe Mary Dolores V.-C, b. 

1880, d. 1881. 

Hon. Vera Anereln, now Hon. Mis. Hillary Wild, b. 

1881, mar. 1905 Chas. Hillary W., Esq. 
Hon. Thomas Elorian V.-C, b. 1885. 

BREADALBANE (pron. Breda wl'ban), Mar- 
quess of. Gavin Campbell, 1st Mara. (U.K.), 
7th Earl of B. and a Bt. (Scot.) ; K.G. (1893), 
P.C. (Gt.Br. 1880), a D.L. for Argyllsh., Kt. 
of Justice St. John Jems, and Dir. and Cimm. of 
its Ambulance Dept., formerly a Lord in Waiting 
to Queen Victoria and Treas. and Lord Steward 

of the Household, is Col. 5th Vol. Batt. Black 
Watch, an A..D.C. to H.M. for Vols., and Brig.- 
Gen. of Roy. Co. of Archers; three years (1893-5) 
Lord High Comrnissr. to Gen. Assembly of Ch. of 
Seotld. : son of 6th E. ; b. April 9, 1851 ; suc. as 
7th Earl (Scot.) 1871, cr. Bn. {U.K.) 1873, Marq. 
1885 (L.) ; mar. 1872 Lady Alma Imogine Carlotta 
Leonore Graham, dau. of 4th D. of Montrose, 
and a Lady of Grace St. John Jems. Seats, Tay- 
mouth Castle (Aberfeldv), Auchmore House 
(Killin R.S.O.), and Glenfalloch House (Tyn- 
drum R.S.O.)— all in Perthsh. ; Ardmaddy Castle 
(Oban), and Black Mt. (Bridge of Orchy)— both 
in Argyllsh. ; town res., 68 Ennismore Gems., S. 
Kens., S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1625 ; E. of Breadalbane and 
Holland, Vise, of Tay and Paintland, Lord Glenorchy, 
Bencdei-aloch, Ormelie, and Weick, 1677. U.K. : Bn. 
Breadalbane, 1873 ; M. of Breadalbane and E. of Ormelie, 
1885 (the earlier creation of 1831 became extinct with 
the death of the 2nd M. in 18&2).— Sir John Campbell, 
5th Bt. of Glenorchy, who, like Bn. BIythswood, was 
descended from the same line as the Argylls, was the 
recipient of all the Scottish Peerages. An invasion by 
him of the lands of the Earl of Caithness was the origin 
of the song "The Campbells are coming." Owing to 
an heraldic error, King Charles II. had awarded him also 
the title of Earl of Caithness, and this invasion was hia 
mode of enforcing his claim; but in 1681 the mistake 
was discovered and the wrong title dropped, though the 
precedence of 1677 was certified for the remaining 
honours. The original title is given in ' Burke ' as 
" Braecl Albane." The U.K. titles were awarded to the 
4th Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bro. and sist. of 
present M.) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1851.) 

Lady Eva, now Lady E. Heathcotc, b. 1855 mar. 1S76 
Jno. Cuthbt. H., Esq. Res., Hinton Abbey, Bath. 

Hon. Ivan C, heir pres. to Earldom and other 
Scottish titles (no heir to Marquessate &c. ), a D. L. 
for Argyllsh., a memb. of Hon. Corps of Gentn. at 
Arms and late Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots (Mil.), 
served in Egypt 1882 and S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1859, 
mar. 1884 Lady Margaret Elizabeth Diana Agar, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Norman ton. Res., 18 Roland 
Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. (2nd heir, his son Iain 
Edward Herbert, b. 1885.) 

— Dau. -in-law: 

Lady Margaret Eliz. Diana C, see preceding. 

BREADING, Capt. George Remington, 
D.S.O. (1904), Wore. Regt. ; Somalild. 1901 and 
1903-4 : b. 1877. 

BRECHIN, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter John 
Forbes Robberds, D.D., 50th Bp., late Vic. of St. 
Mary Redcliffe, Bristol : b. 1863 (nephew of 17th 
Bn. Sempill), mar. i8q6, cons. 1904. Res., Bishop's 
Ct., Broughty Ferry R.S.O. , Forfarsh. 

BRECKNOCK. Earl of (by courtesy— title, 
U.K. 1812), son and heir of Marq. Camden. 

BREDON, Knight. Sir Robert Edward 
Bredon, K.C.M.G. (1904), M.A., M.B., Dep. 
Insp.-Gen. of Imper. Chinese Maritime Customs, 
was Surg, in 97th Regt. 1867-73, aftds. Commissi', 
j of Chinese Customs at five ports : b. 1846, mar. 
1879 Lily Virginia, dau. of Tlios. C. Banks, Esq. 
Res., Shanghai. 

! BREMER, Countess, Lady in Waiting to 

H.R.H. Bnss. von Pawel-Rainmingen. 
: BRENAN, Byron, C.M.G. (1894), late Cons.- 
\ Gen. at Shanghai, prev. Cons, at Chefoo, Tientsin, 

Peking, Canton, &c. : b. 1847. 
! BRENNAN, Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1832), Supt, of 
j Brennan Torpedo Fact, at Chatham : b. 1852. 

Res., Woodlands, Gillingham, Chatham. 
BRERETON, Alfred, C.S.I. (1904I, late Sec. 

to Ind. Govt, in Rail. Branch of Works Dept, was 


Baronetage, Knightage, 



in that Branch 1873-1904, now Govt. Dir. of Ind. 
Rail. Cos. : b. 1849. Ees., Sliev Eush, Claremont 
Ed., Surbiton. 

BRERETON, Maj. Edward FitzGerald, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northamptohsh. Regt. ; N.W. 
Front. 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1861. 

Frederick, dau. of 12th Bn. Petre. 

BEETT, family name of Esher Viscounty, a. v. 
for "Eons." 

BEETT, Capt. Charles Arthur Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Suff. Eegt. ; Hazara 1888 and 8. Africa 
1899-1900: b. 1865. 

BEEW, Robert John, I.S.O. (1902), late Sec. 
and Assist. Regist.-Gen. at Dublin: b. 1838. 
Bes., 12 Crosthwaite Pk., Sth. Kingstown, Co. 

BEEWSTEE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Jane Kirke, dau. of the late Thos. Purneil, Esq.), 
mar. 1857, as 2nd wife, Sir David Brewster, K.H., 
F.R.S., the eminent optical scientist (d. 1868). 
Bes., Allerly, Melrose, Roxburgh. 

BEICKWOOD, Knight. Sir John- Brickwood, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), Chmn. of Brickwood and Co., 
jreweis, of Southsea, and of County Brewers' 
Boc. &c, a principal supporter of the Eoy. 
Portsmth. and Gosport Hosp. : b. 1852, mar. 1893, 
ind wife, Jessie, dau. of the late J no. Cooper, 
3sq., of East Molesey. lies., Brankesmere, 

BEIDGE, Knight (1). Adm. Sir Cvprian 
Lrthur George Bridge, G.C.B. (Mil. 1903; 
LC.B. 1899), served in White Sea and in 
•lutiny, late Com.-in-Ch. on China Station (prev. 
Vustral. ), and has been Dir. of Nav. Intell. and a 
lemb. of Ordn. and other Cmttees., ret. 1904 : b. 
839, mar. 1879 Eleanor, dau. of Geo. Thornhill, 
]sq., C.S.I. Res., 1 Eaton Terr., S.W. 

BEIDGE, Knight (2). Sir (John) Frederick 
fridge, Kt.Bach. (1897), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1902), 
fus. Doc, organist at Westminster Abbey, 
rresham Prof, of Music and a well-known com- 
■oser, Conductor Eoy. Choral Soc. and was Mus. 
>ir. at late Coronation : b. 1844, mar. 1883 Helen 
lary Flora, dau. of E. Amphlett, Esq. fies., 
ornie Haugh, Huntly, Aberdeensh. ; Little 
loisters, Westminster Abbey, S.W. 

BEIDGE, Col. Charles Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
597), C.M.G. (1900-1), A.S.C., Egypt 1882, Mata- 
eleld. 1896, S. Africa 1899-1900, now retd., and 
1 an Insp. of Eemounts to Eastern Comd. : b. 

BEIDGEMAN", family name of Bradford Earl- 
om, q.v. for " Hons." and see below. 
BRIDGEMAN, Bear- Adm. Francis Charles 
•iridgeman (name doubled, ne Bridgeman-Simp- 
m), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), EN., late Nav. 
..D.C. to H.M., prev. 2nd in comd. of Atlantic 
leet : b. 1848 (gt. grandson of 1st Bn. Bradford) 
e$., Copgrove, nr. Leeds. 

BRIDGEMAN", Lady Mary Eleanor, dau. of 
fdEarl Fortescue. 

BEIDGES, Sec. Lieut. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
-te Derby Imper. Yeom. ; Malay Penins. 1893-5, 
.Africa 1899-1900: b. 1874. Bes., 13 Berkeley 
mise, Hay Hill, W. 

BEIDGES, Maj. George Tom Molesworth, 
.S.O. (1904), E.A., S. Africa 1899-1901, Somalild. 
P3-4: b. 1871. 

BEIDGES, Lady Grace Harriet, dau. of 5th 
. of Courtown. 

BEIDGFOED, Knight's Widow. Lady B., 
idow of Col. Sir Robert Bridgford, K.C.B. (d. 
105). Ees., Beech lawn, Whalley Range, Man- 

BEIDGFOED, Maj. Robert James, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shroiish. L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 
comdg. a Batt. of Mtd. Inf. : b. 1869. 
BRIDPORT, Viscount. Arthur Welling- 
t ton Alexander ^Nelson Hood, 2nd Vise. (U.K.), 
j Baron Bridport (Irel.), Duke of Bronte in Italy, 
OB. (Civ. 1892), formerly Capt. 25th Foot and 
Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. Comdt, W. Somerset 
j Yeom., an M.P. 1868-80 : son of 1st Vise. ; b. 
! Dec. 15, 1839; sue. 1904 (C.) ; mar. 1872 Lady 
Maria Georgiana Julia Fox-Slrangicays, sist. of 
i 5th E. of iieh ester (granted rank of an Earl's 
I dau.). Bes., Sudley Lodge, Bognor, Sussex. 

I Creations. Bn. Bridport, Irel. 1794; Vise. Bridport, 
j U.K. 1S68; Duke of Bronte, Sicily, 1801 (granted first to 
: Adm. Ld. Nelson, the mrrge. of whose niece with the 
2nd Bn. Bridport brought the title into this family).— 
Rear- Adm. Alex. Hood, brother of 1st Vise. Hood, for his 
disthi guished services against the French in several naval 
actions, some of them against heavy odds, was appointed 
Vice- Adm. of Gt. Britain in succession to Earl Howe, and 
was awarded the above Irish Barony and one of Gt. 
Britain ; the latter lapsed at his death, hut a U.K. 
Viscty. was substituted to bis late successor. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) V.: 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Herbert Cool; b. 1873. 
mar. 1898 Herb. Fredk. C, Esq., son and heir of 
Sir Fredk. L. Cook, and Bt,, M.P. 
Hon. Sibyl Amy H., b. 1874. 

The deceased lion. Alex. Jho. Nelson 77., b. 1876, d. 

Hon. Maurice Henry Nelson 77"., heir to Viscty., b. I 
1881. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. William Nelson.) J 

Surviving issue o/ist V. (bros. and sists. of present) : j 
(Present Viscount, b. 1839.) 

Hon. Nina Maria, now Hon. Mrs. George Ferguson, I 
V.A., a Bedchamber Woman to Queen Victoria j 
1877-1901 : b. 1841, mar. 1861 Lt.-Col. Geo. Arth. F. \ 
Res., Pitfour, Mintlaw R.S.O., Aberdeensh. 

Hon. Mary, now Mcliss. of Hertford, b. 1845, mar. | 
1868 the Etui of Yarmouth, now 6th Marq. of H.,q.v. 

Hon. William Nelson H, Lieut. E.N, retired, b. 1843. 

Hon. Adelaide Fanny, now Hon. Mrs. Herbert Gye, 
b. 1850, mar. 1879 Capt. Herb. Fredk. Q., M.V.O., 

Hon. Rosa Penelope, now Hon. Mrs. William Evans, 
a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria 1886-94 : b. 
1852, mar. 1894 the lat« Wm. Herb. E., Esq. (d. 1900). 

Hon. Alexander Nelson 77., Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. 
the Princess of Wales, was an Extra Gent. Usher 
to the late Queen, and Comptroller of Household, 
&c, to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Teck : b. 1354. 
Ties., 28B Albemarle St., W. ; Casteilo di Maniace, 
Bronte, Sicily. 

Hon. Alfred Nelson H, b. 1858. 

Hon. Victor Albert Nelson 77".. Priv. Sec. to Gov. of 
S. Australia, b. 1862. Club, Union. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

[Hon. Mrs. Horatio II. (Isabella Emiiy,dau. of Sir 
Robt. M. Mundy, K.C.M.G.),mar., 1st, 1872, the late 
Hon. Horatio Nelson Sandys II., Com. R.N. (d. 
1881) ; 2ndly, 1S88, the late Percy J. E. Leveson, 
Esq. (d. 1896)— forfeiting her title.] 

Issue of 2nd Bn. (aunts of present V.) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Horace Rochfort, l>. 

1813, mar. 1345 the late Horace W. Noel R., Esq. 

(d. 1891). Res., 30 Upper Merrion St., Dublin. 
(The late 1st Viscount, b. 1814, d. 1904-) , _ , 
Hon. Jane Sarah, now known as 77cm. Lady Iiotham 

(q.v.): b. 1817, mar. three times. 

BRIENE, Viscount (Scot. 1701)— see " Lothian, 
M. of." 

BRIERLEY, Capt, Geoffrey Teale, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A., a 1st class Instr. in Gunnery; 
S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

BRIGGS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Mary- 
Jane, dau. of the late Benj. C. Howell, Esq., 
Treas. of Barbados), mar. 1857 Srr Thos. G. 



Directory of Peerage, 


Briggs, ist and only Et. (d. 1887). lies., 18 
Alexander St., Westbourne Pk., W. 

BRIGGS, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eliza- 
beth Charlotte, dau. of Jas. Gruar, Esq.), mar. 
1889, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. Hy. Briggs, Ch. Clerk 
to Admiralty (d. 1897) ; has edited her husb.'s 
work on Naval Administrations. Res., 5 Charles 
St., St. James's Sq., S.W. 

BRIGHT, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady B. 
(Catherine, dau. of Sir Wm. Miles, 1st Bt.), 
mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Robt. O. Bright, G.C.B. (d. 
1896) . lies., 71 Cornwall Gdns. , S. Kens., S.W.— 
(2) Lady B. (Hannah Barrick, dau. of Jno. 
Taylor, Esq., of Bellevue, Hull\ mar. 1853 Sir 
Chas. T. Bright, C.E., M.P. (d. 1888). Bes., 
74 West Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

BRIGHT, Charles Edward, C.M.G. (1883), 
twice Chmn. Melbourne Harb. Trust, Commissr. 
to several Exhibitions : b. 1829, mar. 1868 the 
following. Bes., 98 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

BRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 3rd 
Vise. Canterbury (q.v.) and wife of preceding. 

BRIGHT, Maj. Richard George Tvndall, 
C.M.G. (1901), Rifle Brigade; Uganda 1897-8, 
Juba 1898-9, empld. on survey of frontier of 
Abyssinia and Brit. Protect. 1899-1902 : b. 1872. 
Club, Windham. 

BRIGHT, William Robert, C.S.I. (1901), in 
I.C.S. as Magistrate, Collector, &c, from 1880, 
I late Insp.-Gen. of Police in Bengal, now Opium 
1 Agent at Behar : b. 1857. Bes., Behar, Bengal. 

BRINCKMAN, Baronet. Sir Theodore 
Francis Brinekmon, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. E. 
Kent Regt. (Mil.) ; served in S. Africa 1900-2: 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1862, sue. 1905, mar. 1895, 
2nd wife (divorced by 1st), Mamie, dau. of the 
late Capt. J. H. Linton. Heir, his son Theodore 
Ernest Warren (b. 1898 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Roderick Napoleon, b. 1902). Seat, St. Leonard's, 
Windsor; town res., 34 Grosvenor St., W. 

BRLND, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eleanor 
Elizabeth Lumley, dau. of the late Rev. Hy. 
T. Burne), mar. 1873, as 5th wife, Gen. Sir Jas. 
Brind, G.C.B. (d. 1888). 

BRINDLE, Mgr. Et. Rev. Robert, D.S.O. 
(1898), R.C. Bp. of Nottingham, prev. Assist. Bp. 
of Westminster and Domest. Chapl. to the Pope, 
Acting Chapl. to 5th Vol. Batt. L'pool Regt. ; 
Egypt 1882-4, Soudan and Nile 1884-6 and 1898, 
Dongola 1896: b. 1837. lies., Nottingham. 

BRINTON, Capt. John Chaytor, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), D.S.O. (1900-1), B.A., 2nd Life 
Gds., Extra A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ireld. ; Nile 
1898 (Omdurman) and S. Africa 1899-1900 as an 
A.D.C. : b. 1867. 

BEISBANE, Archbishop of. Most Rev. St. 
Clair George Alfred Donaldson, D.D. , 1st 
Abp. and 4th Bp., late Vic. of Hackney Wick 
and Rect. of Hornsey : ord. 1888, cons. 1904. 
Bes., Bishopsbourne. Brisbane. 

*#*' The above is a new Province parted off (as Victoria 
also has been) from that of N.S. Wales. It includes the 
Dioceses of Brisbane, Rockhampton, North Queensland, 
Carpentaria, and New Guinea. 

BEISCO, Baronet. Sir Musgrave Horton 
Brisco, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1782), a D.L. and Co. Aid. 
for Cumberld., formerly Lieut. Cumbd. and West- 
morld. Yeom. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1884, 
mar. 1867, as 2nd husb., Maiy Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Wm. H. Feilden, 2nd Bt,, and widow of 
Capt. N. Pedder. Heir, his son Hylton Ealph 
(b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s nephew Aubrey Hylton, 
b. 1873). Seats, Crofton Hall, Wigton, Cumb. ; 
Coghurst, Hastings. 

*#* The family name is derived from Brisgau in Suabia, 

from which place a company of free lances accompanied 
Wm. the Conqueror to England 

BRISE (RUGGLES-), Knight. Sir Evei.yn 
John Buggles-Brise, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Chmn. of 
Joint Bds. of Convict Prisons, prev. a Priv. Sec. 
to successive Home Sees. (1883-91) : b. 1857. 
Bes., 41 Hill St., Berkelev Sq., W. 

BRISE (RUGGLES-), Lady Dorothea Louisa, 
dau. of 7th D. of Atholl. 

BRISTOL, Bishop of. Rt, Rev. George For- 
rest Browne, 48th Bp. of Bristol (1st of new 
creation), D.D., D.C.L., F.S.A., late Bp. Suff. of 
Stepney, formerly Canon of St. Paul's, also Disney 
Prof, of Archaeology at Cambridge and Secretary 
for Local Exams, and Lectures : b. Dec. 4, 1833, 
cons. 1895 to Stepney, trans, to Bristol 1897 on 
the separation of that See from Glouc, ent. Lords 
1903 (C), widower. Bes., The Palace, Redland 
Grn., Bristol. 

BRISTOL, Marquess of. Frederick William 
John Hervey (pron. Harvey), 3rd Marq. ( U.K.), 
M.A., Lord Lieut, of Suffolk, a Co. Aid. for 
W. Div. of Co., and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Suffk. 
Eegt. (Mil.) ; an M.P. 1859-64 (as Earl Jermyn) : 
son of 2nd M. ; b. June 28, 1834 ; sue. 1864 (C.) ; 
mar. 1862 Geraldine Georgiana Mary, dau. of 
the late Gen. the Hon. Geo. Anson, son of 1st 
Vise. Anson (Lichfield line). Seat, Ickworth Pk., 
Bury St. Edmunds; res., 19 Sussex Sq., Brighton. 

Creations. Bn. Hervey, Eng. 1703 ; E. of Bristol, Gt. 
Br. 1714; M. of Bristol and Earl Jermyn, U.K. 1826.— 
Jno. Hervey, a distinguished M.P., received the ist 
Barony and Earldom. The 5th Earl (F.R.S. and F.S.A.) 
was raised to the Marquessate. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (3rd) M. : 

Lady Katherine Adine Geraldine, now Lady K. 
Drummond, b. 1864, mar. 1886 Allan Harvey 1)., 
Esq. Res., 7 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 
Lady Alice Adeliza, now The Lady Hylton, b. 1874, 
mar. 1896 Hon. Hylton G. Hylton Jolliffe, now 3rd 
Bn. Hylton, q.v. 
Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess,!). 1834.) 

Lady Adeliza Georgiana, now Adeliza, Ctss. of 
Clancarty (q.v.), b. 1843, mar. 1866 the late 4th Earl 
of C. (d. 1891). 

Lady Mary Katharine Isabella H., h. 1843. .Res., with 
the Marq. at Ickworth Pk. 

Lord Francis H., M.A. barrister-at-law, a Civ. Serv. 
Commissr. and Co. Aid. for W. Suffolk, an M.P. 
1874-80 and 1885-92: b. 1846. Res. , 34 Buckingham 
Pal. Mansns., S.W. 
■ — Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Augustus H. (Mariana, dau. of W. P. Hodnett, 
Esq., and widow of Ashton Benyon, Esq.), mar. 
1861, 2nd husb., the late Lord Augustus Henry 
Charles H., M.P. (d. 1875). Res., Hampton Court 
Palace, Middx. Eld. son (heir pres. to Mar- 
quessate) : 

Frederick. William Fane Esq., Capt. R.N., 
b. 1863, ma r. 1896 A lice Frances Theodora, dau. of 
the late G. E. Wythes, Esq. Res., Ickworth 
Lodge, Bury St. Edmds. (2nd heir, his bro. 
Walter John, b. 1865.) 

BEITISH COLUMBIA-see "Columbia." 

BRITTAN, Maj. Reginald, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Notts, and Derb. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-1, prev. Supt. of Gymnasia in E. Dist. : 
b. 1865. lies., Hafoclneddyn, Llandilo R.S.O., 

BEITTEN, Hon. Mrs. Richard, dau. of 1st 
Vise. Colville of Culross. 

BROAD, Staff- Capt. George Alexander, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), R.N. : Arctic Expedn. 
1875, now comdg. Roy. Yacht 'Alberta : ' b. 1844. 
Bes., Avoca, Alverstoke, Gosport. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. 

BRO 161 

BROADBENT, Baronet. Sir William Henry 
Broadbent, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1893), K.C.V.O. (1901), 
M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.C.P., a Phys. in Ord. 
to H.M, and H.E.H. the Prince of "Wales, 
Cons. Phys. to Lond. Fever Hosp., Victoria 
Hosp. for Children, &c , Past Pres. of London 
Medical and other Socs., author of various 
med. works and papers : son of Jno. Broadbent, 
Esq., of Huddersfield ; b. 1835, mar. 1863 Eliza, 
dau. of Jno. Harpin, Esq. Heir, his son John- 
Francis Harpin,M.D. (b. 1865; 2nd heir,latter's 
son, b. 1904. Be.?., 84 Brook St., Grosvenor Sq.. W. 

BROADBENT, Col. John Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1898), R.E. retd. (1902) ; Tirah 1897-8, has 
been Assist. Sec. Mil. Dept. Iud. Govt, and Ch. 
Engr. for Mil. "Works, Punjab: b. 1845, mar. 
1900 the following. 

BROADBENT, Hon. Mrs. John, wife of pre- 
ceding and dau. of 17th Bn. Saye and Sele. 

BROADFOOT, Col. Archibald, C.B. (Mil. 
A894), R.A. retd. (1898) ; Bhutan 1865-6. 
Abyss. i863, Afghn. 1878-80, Mahsud "Waziri, and 
Burma 1885-6: b. 1843. Res., Duncree, Newton 
Stewart, Wigtownsh. 

BRO AD WOOD, Brig.-Gen. Arthur, C.V.O. 
(1905)) comdg. istlnft. Div. Scot. Comd. 

BROADWOOD, Brig.-Gen. Robert George, 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 12th Lancers, now a Col. on 
Stiff and an A.D.C. to H.M.; Dongola 1896, 
Nile 1897-8, S. Africa 1900-1, now comdg. Orange 
Riv. Col. : b. 1862. lies., Bloemfontain. 

BROCKLEBANK, Baronet. Sir Thomas 
Brocklebank, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1885), a D.L. for 
Lanca., High Sheriff of Cumberld. 1864 : son of the 
late Wilson Fisher, Esq., of Keekle, Cumb. (whose 
name he exchanged by licence for Brocklebank, 
1845), b. 1814, widower. Hoir, his son Thomas (b. 

3; 2nd heir, latter's son Aubrey, b. 1873). 
Seats, Springwood, Woolton, Liverpool ; Green- 
lands, Holmrook, Cumbd.,nr. Carnforth. 

BROCKLEBANK, Hon. Mrs. Aubrey, dau. of 
Bn. Allerton and wife of above 2nd heir. 

BROCKLEBANK, Lieut. Joux Jasper, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 1st Drgn. Gds. ; S. Africa 1899-1901, now 
with Nth. Nigeria Regt. : b. 1875 (grandson of 
above Bt.). 

BROCKLEHURST, Baroxet. Sir Philip Lee 
'•ocklehurst, 2nd Bt. {UJC. 1903), 2nd Lieut. 
Derb. Imper. Yeom. : son of 1st Bt. , b. 1887, sue. 
1904. Heir pres., his bro. Henry Courtney (b. 
1888 ; no 2nd heir) . Seat, Swythamley Pk., Staffs., 
ar. Macclesfield. 

BROCKLEHURST, Baronet's Widow. Lady 
B. (Annie Lee, dau. of the late Samuel Dewhurst, 
Esq.), mar. 1884 Sir Philip Lancaster Brockle- 
aurst, 1st Bt. (d. 1904). Res., 1 Stanhope Terr., 
BROCKLEHURST, Col. John Fielden, C.V.O. 
1901), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late Roy. Horse Gds. ; 
Cgypt 1882, Nile 1884-5, and S. Africa 1899, now 
n Equerry to H.M. Queen Alexandra : b. 1852. 
les., Ranksbrough, Oakham. 
BRODIE, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Vincent 
Iellon Brodie, 3rd Bt. of Boxford [U.K. 1834), 
I.A., F.S.A., barrister-at-law, a C.C. for Surrey : 
on of 2nd Bt., b. 1862, sue. 1880, widower. Heir, 
is son Benjamin Collins (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
3t cousin Alfred Waldegrave, b. 1851). Res., 
•rockham Wan-en, Betchworth R.S.O., Surrey; 
iamb., 5 Stone Bdgs., Line. Inn, W.C. 
BRODIE, Lady Eleanor {Brodie of Brodie), 
iu. of 2nd E. of Ducie. 

BRODIE, Maj. Ian Ashley Moreton, D.S.O. 
902), Lo vat's Scouts Imper. Yeom., formerly 

Lieut. Scots Gds. ; S, Africa 1900*2, is Lord Lieut, 
of Nairnsh. : b. i85S (grandson of 2nd E. of 
Ducie). Res., Brodie Castle, Forres, Elginsh. 

BRODIE, Lady Maria, dau. of 8th Earl 

BRODRICK, family name of Midleton 
Viscounty, q.v. for " Hons." 

BRODRICK, Baron (67. Br. 1796), Imper. title 
of Vise. Midleton, also Irish title (1715). 

BRODRICK, Priv. Counc. and Peer's Son 
Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) William St. John 
Fremantle Brodrick. P.C. (G-t. Br. 1897), M.A 
M.P. for Guildford Div. {€'.), a D.L. for Surrey, 
Sec. of State for India, late for War, prev. Under 
Sec. for For. Affairs and to War Dept., is Hon. Col 
Surrey Imper. Yeom. : eld. son and heir of Vise, 
Midleton, b. 1856, mar., 1st, 1880, the late Lady 
Hilda Charteris (d. 1901) ; 2ndly, 1903, Madeleine 
Cecilia Carlyle (Hon. Mrs. St. John B.), dau. of 
the late Col. Hon. J. C. Stanley (son of 2nd Bn 
Stanley of Aldeiiey) and Lady St. Helier. Res., 34 
Portland PL, W. 

BROGHILL, Baron {Irel. 1628)— see "Cork 
and Orrery, E. of." 

BROKE (DE-CAPELL-),— see "Brooke." 

BROMBY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Charles Henry 
Bromby, D.D., was 2nd Bp. of Tasmania 1864-82, 
aftds. Bp. Assist, to the late Bp. of Bath and 
Wells : b. 1814, widower. Res., Bristol. 

BROMFIELD, Capt. Harry Hickman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Wales Bords. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. i85g. Res., Penlanole, Rhayader, Radnorsh. 

BROMHEAD, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Par- 
nell Bromhead, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1806), C.B. (Mil. 
i83g), Col. in LA. Supermini. List, served in 
Afghan War 1878-80 and in Soudan, Sikkim, 
and Hazara 1891 Expedns. ; has been Gov. of 
Aitchison Coll., Lahore: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1838, 
sue. 1870, widower. Heir, his son Edward 
Gonville, Capt. LA. (b. 1869 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son Benjamin Denis Gonville, b. 1900). Seat, 
Thurlby Hall, Lincoln. 

BROMHEAD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 
1893), Ashanti 1873-4, Zululd., and Burma 1887-9, 
comd. 24th Regtl. Dist. 1892-7, retired 1897: b. 
1840 (bro. of preceding). Club, U. Serv. 

BROMLEY", Baronet. Sir Robert Bromley, 
6th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1757), Admin, and Treas. of St. 
Kitts and Nevis, late Hon. Attache at Washing- 
ton and Assist. Priv. Sec. to Rt. Hon. J. 
Chamberlain : son of 5th Bt.,b.i874, sue. 1905, mar. 
1900 the under-mentioned Hon. Lady Bromley. 
Heir pres., his bro. Maurice Bromley-Wilson, b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Arthur, Lieut. R.N., 
b. 1876). Seats, Stoke, Newark, Notts. ; Ashwell, 
Oakham; res., Govt. House, St. Kitts, W.I. 

BROMLEY, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Georgiana Ellen, dau. of the late Vere 
Fane, Esq.), mar. 1856, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Bromley, 4th Bt. (d. 1895). Res., Stoke as above. 
— (2) Adela, Lady B. (Adela Augusta, dau. of 
the late Westley Richards, Esq.), mar. 1873 Sir 
Henry Bromley, 5th Bt. (d. 1905). 

BROMLEY, Hon. Lady, dau. of the late Bn. 
Pauncefote (see that title), and wife of above 

BROMLEY, John, C.B. (Civ. 1904), Acct.-Gen. 
to Bd. of Education, has been on spec. serv. in 
Meditn. and Natal : b. 1849. ^ es -> Sutton Corner, 
Seaford, Sussex. 

BRONTE, Duke of {Sicily 1801)— see "Brid- 
port, Vise." 

BROOK, Maj. -Gen. Edmund Smith, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), Zululd. 1879, Transvaal 1881, Ind. Frontier 



Directory of Peerage, 


1897-8, and S. Africa 1901-2, now comdg. troops 
in Cape Colony : b. 1845. Res., Cape Town. 

BROOK, Herbert Arthur, I.S.O. 1905), 
M.L.C. and Registr. of Records in the Bahamas. 

BROOKE, Baron {Eng. 1621)— see "Warwick, 
E. of." For Lord Brooke, see below. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Armitage Bridge. Sir 
Thomas Brooks, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1899), F.S.A., a 
D.L. and Chirm. O.S. for W. Riding, a Dir. of 
L. & N. W. Rail., late Lt.-Col. comdg. 5th W. Rid. 
Rif. Vols. : son of the late Thos. Brooke, Esq., 
b. 1830, mar. 1902, 2nd wife, Mary, dau. of Jas. 
Priestly, Esq . Heir, none. Seat , Armitage Bridge, 
Almondbury, Huddersfield. 

BROOKE. Baronet of OolebrooJce. Sir Arthur 
Douglas Brooke, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1822), F.Z.S., a 
D.L. for Fermanagh (High Sheriff 1896) : son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1891, mar. 1887 Gertrude 
Isabella, dau. of the late Stanlake R, Batson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Basil Stanlake (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Victor Mervyn, b. 1893). Seat, Cole- 
brooke Pk., Brookeborough, Co. Fermanagh. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Norton. Sir Richard 
Marcus Brooke, 8th Bt. {Eng. 1662), a D.L. for 
Cheshire, formerly in 1st Life Gds. : son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1850, sue. 1888, mar. 1883 Alice, dau. of 
the late Jno. S. Crawley, Esq. Heir, his son 
Richard Christopher (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
bro. Basil Poynings, b. 1853). Seat, Norton Priory, 
Halton, Runcorn, Cheshire. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Oakley— see '-'Brooke 

BROOKE, Baronet of Summer ton. Sir George 
Frederick Brooke, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), a D.L. 
for City of Dublin, High Sheriff of Wexford 
1882, and of Co. Dublin 1898, head of a Dublin firm 
of wine merchants and Dep. Gov. of the Bank of 
Ireld. : son of the late Eras. II. Brooke, Esq., b. 1849, 
mar. 1881, 2nd wife, Emily Alma, dau. of the late 
Augustine H.Barton, Esq. Heir,his son George (b. 
1877; 2nd heir, son by 2nd mrrge., FrancisHugh, b. 
1882) . Seat, Surnmerton, Castleknock, Co. Dublin. 
| BROOKE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. of Colebrooke (Alice Sophia, dau. of 
Sir Alan E. Bellingham, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1864 
Sir Victor Alex. Brooke, 3rd Bt. (d. 1891). Res., 
Villa Jouvence, Pau, France. — (2) Dowager Lady 
B. of Norton (Henrietta Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
Hariy Mainwaring, 2nd Bt.). mar. 1871, as 
2nd wife, Sir Richard Brooke, 7th Bt. (d. 1888). 
Res., 73 Eccleston Sq., S.W. — (3) See "Brooke, 

BROOKE, Earl {Gt. Br. 1746)— see "War- 

BROOKE, Knight (1) and Raj .a. Sir Charles 
Anthony Brooke, G.C.M.G. (1888), late R.N., 
now H.H. the Raja of Sarawak (succeeding 1868 
his uncle, whose name he assumed in lieu of 
Johnson) : b. 1829, mar. 1869 Margaret Alice 
Lilly (H.H. the Rani of Sarawak), dau. of Clayton 
de Windt, Esq. Heir (as Raja), his son Charles 
Vyner, Raja Muda (b. 1874 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Bertram W. D., TuqnMuda). Res., The Astana, 
Sarawak ; Chesterton, Cirencester. 

BROOKE, Knight (2). Sir William Robert 
Brooke, K.C.I.E. (1895), late Dir.-Gen. of Tele- 
graphs in India : b. 1842, mar. 1870 Evelyn, dau. 
of Jno. Simons, Esq. Res., 62 Albert Gt. 
Mansns., 219 Knightsbridge, S.W. 

BROOKE, Lord {b.y courtesy— see Bn. B. 
above), elder son and heir of E. of Warwick. 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 3rd 
Vise. Monck. 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Hope, dau. of 9th Vise. 

BROOKE, Brig. -Gen, Lionel Godolphin, C.B. 
(Mil igoo«-i), Zululd. 1879 and S. Afr. War 1899 
(comdg. Connaught Rangers), now a Brig.-Gen. 
comdg. a Grouped Regtl. Dist : b. 1849 (cousin of 
two follg.). Res., Vicar's Croft, Galway. 

BROOKE, Lt.-Col. Ronald George, D.S.O. 
(1898), nth Hussars; Chitral Relief 1895, Matabe- 
leld., Tirah 1897-8, and Khartoum, S. Africa 
1899-1902, part as an A.D.C., late a D.A.A.G. to 
Headnrs. Staff in Somalild. : b. 1866 (bro. of above 
Bt. of Colebrooke, as is follg.). 

BROOKE, Maj. Victor Reginald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 9th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1900, and 
1901-2 as A.D.C., now A.D.C. to Com.-in-Ch., 

I India : b. 1873 (see preceding). 

j BROOKE, Lady Wilhelmina, dau. of 4th E. 

, of Dartmouth. 

! BROOKE (DE-CAPELL-), Baronet. Sir 
I Arthur Richard De-Capell-Brooke, 5th Bt. 
j {U.K. 1803), B.A., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. in 
j Northants. Mil., served in S. Africa 1902, is a C.C. 
I for Northants., High Sheriff of Rutland 1899 : 
j son of 4th Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1892, mar. 1897 Fanny 
Cecil Talbot, dau. of Capt. Duncan M'Neill. Heir 
pres., his bro. Edward Geoffrey (b. 1880; 2nd 
heir, their uncle Charles Edward, b. 1844). Seats, 
Gt. Oakley Hall, Kettering, Northants. ; Aghadoe 
House, Killeagh, Co. Cork. 

**■* The family surname has varied between De Capell, 
Broke, Brooke, and Supple. The present compound form 
is that adopted by the 1st Bt. and restored by the 4th 
after the 2nd had varied it do De-<J.-Broke. 

BROOKE (DE-CAPELL-), Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady- De-O.-B. (Mary Grace, dau. of the 
late Rt. Rev. Edwd. Troilope, Bp. Suff. of Not- 
tingham), mar. 1867 Sir Richd. L. De-Capell- 
Brooke, 4th Bt. (d. 1892). Res., Hill House, 
! W oodford, Thrapston, N'thants. 
j BROOKS, family name of Crawshaw Barony, 
; q.v. for "Hons." 

BROOKS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Jane, 
dau. of the late Col. Sir David Davidson, K.C.B.), 
! mar. 1879, as 2nd wife, Sir Wm. Cunliffe Brooks, 
j 1st and only Bt. (d. 1900). (The Mchss. of 
I Huntly is the late Bt.'s dau. bv 1st wife.) 

BROOME, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Mary 
Anne, dau. of the late Walter G. Stewart, Esq., 
aftds. Lady Barker), mar. 1865, 2nd hush., Sir 
Fredk. N. Broome, K.C.M.G., Gov. of W. Aus- 
tralia, Trinidad, &c. (d. 1896). Res., 42 Eaton 
Terr., S.W. 
BROUGHAM, family name of follg. Barony. 
BROUGHAM and VAUX {pron. Broom and 
Vawks) , Baron. Henry Charles Brougham, 3rd 
Bn. (c7.A'.),K.C.V.O. (i905),aD.L.forCumbd.and 
Westmorld., and C.C. for latter, formerly a clerk 

in H. of Lords : son of 2nd Bn. and nephew of 1st 
(the distinguished statesman) ; b. Sept. 2, 1836 ; 

! sue. 1886 {L.U.) ; mar 

Adora Frances Olga, 

dau. of Peter Wells, Esq., and widow of Sir 
Richd. C. Musgrave, 11th Bt. of Edenhall, M.P. 
Scats, Brougham Hall, Penrith, Cumb. ; Chateau 
Eleonore, Cannes; town res. ,36 Chesham PI., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Brougham and Vaux, U.K., orig. 1830, 
2nd patent i860 extending succession to the brother (takes 
precedence from the latter, as the title based upon the 
former would have become extinct). — Henry, Lord 
Brougham, the eminent lawyer, statesman, and writer, 
was appointed Lord Chancellor with the above double 
title of Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Eleanor Mabel B., b. 1883. 
A deceased dau., b. & d. 1885. 

Hon. Henry B„ heir to Barony, b. 1887. 2nd heir, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



his 1st cousin Wilfrid Francis, h. 1864, son of late 
Hon. w llfnd.) 

Issue of 2nd Bn. (bro. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1836.) 

Hon Alice Eleanora, now Hon. Mrs. Thomas 
Adwardes, b. abt. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Rev. the 
Hon. Tliomas E., son of snd Bn. Kensington, q.v. 

lion. Emily Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Bug- 
™ m ; e > »• 1839, mar. 1867 the late Capt. Fras. Sandys 
B. (d. 1858). Res,, Brcckhr.i«t, Guernsey. 

Hon. Adcla Mary Grenville, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
Cool; b. 1846, mar. 1885 Chas. Archer C, Esq. Res., 
bullingstead, Haseombe, Godalming. 

Hon. Reginald Thomas Dudley B., b. 1853, mar.. 1st 
^4, tiu late Augusta Louisa, dau. of Arth. W. 
>\ ard, Esq., who cbtd. a divorce 1900 and died 1902; 
zndly, igco. Isabella Aususta .Hon. Mrs. Reginald 
&.), dau. of the lace Saml. L. Schuster. Esq., and 
divorced wife of Fras. ('. Baring, Esq. Res., 
(-hesham Monsns., 8 Pont St., S.W. 

- Dau. -in-law. ■ 

Hon. Mrs. Wilfrid B. (Maria Sophia, dau. of the 
late Col. I'aunce), mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, the late 
S°?,\ AV i Ifml B - < d - Res. Penla, Swanage 

R.h.O., Dorset; 35 Kildare Terr., Bayswater. W. 

BROUGHTON {pron. Brawton) Barony ( UK . 
1851)— extinct 18&9 on death of 1st and only Bn. 
(surname Hoblwusc) : 

Surviving Daughters. 
Hon. Charlotte, now Charlotte, Lady Borchester, 

q. v b. 1831, mar. 1854 the late 4th Bn. D. (d. 18971. 
Hon. Sophia, now Ctss. of Roden, q.v. (Widow), b. 

1832, mar. 1851 the late 5th Earl of R. (d. 1897). 

BROUGHTON, Baronet. Sir Delves Louis 
Brougldon, 10th Bt. (Eng. 1660), late Lieut. 4th 
Batt. N. Staffs. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 9th Bt., b. 
1857, sue. 1899, mar. 1887, 2nd wife, Mary Evelyn, 
dau. of the late Rowland H. Cotton, Esq. Heir, his 
; son Henry John Delves (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next 
son, Brian Evelyn Delves, b. 1898). Seats, Dod- 
dington Pk., Nantwich, Chesh. : Broughton 
Hall, Eccleshall R.S.O., Staffs. 

BROUN, Baronet. Sir William Broun, 10th 
Bt. {Scot. 1686), son of 9th Bt., b. 1848, sue. 
1882, mar. 1871 Alice Jane, dau. of the late Y. C. 
Peters, Esq. Heir, his son James Lionel (b. 1875 ; 
2nd heir, next son, William Arthur, b. 1876). 
Bes., Dalblair, Winton, N. S. Wales. 

* # # « Debrett ' still regards the title of this Bt. as 
doubtful, but 'Burke' accepts it without hesitation. 
There is an old tradition in this family associated with 
the " Colstoim Fear," a singular specimen of fruit which 
is stili preserved, and which is said to have been given to 
a lady on her marriage by her ancestor Hugo de Gitford/ 
a noted necromancer, wno professed to have endued it 
with the faculty of confer rim/ prosperity upon anyone 
who possessed it. 

BROWN, Baronet of Astrop. Sir William 
Richmond Brown, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1863), High 
Sheriff of Northants. 1873 and formerly Hon. Col. 
1st Vol. Brig. Lanes. Artill. : grandson of 1st Bt. 
and son of Alex. Brown, Esq., b. 1840, sue. 1864, 
mar. 1862 Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Wm. T. B. 
Mountsteven. Heir, his son Melville Richmond 
(b. 1866 ; 2nd heir, next son, Frederick Richmond, 
b. 1868). Seat, Astrop Pk., King's Sutton, 
j&F'thants., nr. Banbiuy ; town res., 34 Chesham PL, 

BROWN, Baronet of Broome Hall. Sir 
Alexander Hargreaves Brown, 1st Bt. {U.K. 
1902), M.P. for Wellington Div. of Salop {L.U.), 
Hon. Col. 1st Lanes. Vol. Artill., formerly a Comet 
in 5th Drgn Gds. : son of the late Alex. Brown, 
Esq., of Beilby Grange, Yorks. ; b. 1844, mar. 
1876 Henrietta Agnes Terrell, dau. of Chas. R. 
Blandy, Esq., of Madeira. Heir, his son Gordon 
Hargreaves, Lieut, in Army (b. 1880; 2nd heir, 
next son, Walter Hargreaves, b. 1881). Seat, 

Broome Hail, Holmwood, Dorking ; town res., 
12 Grosvenor Gdns., S.W. 

BROWNjKnight (1). Sir Charles Gage J?rou> ?i, 
K.C.M.G. (1897), M.D., LL.D.. F.R.C.P.E., late 
Phys. and Med. Adviser to Colon. Off. (1874-97), 
also for some time to For. and Audit Offs. : b. 
1826, mar. 1855 Mary Anne, dau. of the late Wm. 
M'P. Rice, Esq. Bes., 88 Sloane St., S.W. 

BROWN, Knight (2) . Prof. Sir George Thomas 
Brown, Kt. Bach. (1898), OB. (Civ. 1887), a Gov. 
of Roy. Vet. Coll. London, late Dir. of Vet. Dept. 
and aftds. Cons'?. Vet. Adviser to Bd. of Agric. : 
b. 1827, mar. i860 Margaret, dau. of Jas. Smith, 
Esq., of Stroud. Bes., Orme Lodge, Stanmore, 

BROWN, Knight (3). Maj. Sir Robert Han- 
bury Brown, K.C.M.G. (1902), R.E. retd. (1893H 
served in Afghanistan 1878-80, aftds. in Bengal 
Irrigation Dept., later Insp.-Gen. in Egypt in 
connection with the Nile Reservoir : b. 1849, mar. 
1878 Marian, dau. of Rev. Edwin Meyrick. Bes., 
Newlands, Crawley Dawn, Sussex. 

BROWN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Frances 
Caroline, dau. of Chas. Baker, Esq., and widow of 
Russell Jeffrey, Esq.), mar. 1883, 2nd wife to 2nd 
husb., Surg.-Gen. Sir Jno. CampbellBrown,K.CB. 
(d. 1890). Res., 3 South Terr., Adelaide, S.A. 

BROWN, Charles, CLE. (1903), Insp.-Gen. 
of Police, Punjab, and Under Sec. to Govt, in 
Home Dept., had charge of Police arrangemts. 
during Delhi Durbar festivities 1902-3 : b. 1849. 
Bes., Lahore. 

BROWN, Col. Frederick John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1 ), Essex Regt. ; Soudan 1884-5 and S. Africa 
180.9-1902 : b. 1857. Club, Jun. IT. Serv.