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Full text of "Whitaker's peerage, baronetage, knightage, and companionage"

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929.72 — . - ■ 

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1907 I REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
1804465 { GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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tributed 571 guineas between servants who have kept for periods 
varying between and 30 years, situations obtained through her. 

I PERMANENT SERVANTS ENGAGED AND SENT IN 

In cases where a personal interview between employer and servant 
I is impossible, Mrs. Hunt is prepared, if full instructions are given 
her early, to interview or correspond with servants, take up their 
characters, and send the servants into the situations without am' 
trouble whatever to the employer. * 



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3 1833 00861 1573 

National Incorporated Association. 



S: 



ABOUT 8,000 CHILDREN ALWAYS UNDER THEIR CARE. 

Patron HER MAJESTY QUEEN ALEXANDRA. 
President— The Right Hon. LORD BRASSEY, G.C.B. 



2,412 New and Permanent Admissions in 1905* 

(A unique Sheet Photograph of these can be obtained on application.) 

No Destitute Child ever refused Immediate and Free 
Admission, even if Sick, Afflicted, Incurable, or a Helpless 
Infant. 

61,849 Children Rescued, Trained, and Placed Out. 
11,277 Boys and Girls wholly maintained in 1905. 
IO New Cases admitted Daily. 

NO ELECTION; NO WAITING LIST; No Money 
Promise needful; No Barriers on Account of Age, Sex, 
Creed, Nationality, or Physical Health. Destitution 
is the ONLY but essential qualification* 

1,200 EMIGRANTS leave for Canada every year. 
18,645 have already (November, 1906) been sent and 98% 
have succeeded. 



FUNDS URGENTLY NEEDED. 

£240 required daily for FOOD 4LONE. 

£16 per annum maintains one Healthy Child. 
£30 per annum maintains one Suffering Child. 
£10 defrays the cost of one Emigrant. 



Honorary Director— "SRI L LI AM BAKER, Esq., M.A., LL.B. 
Honorary Treasurer —HOWARD WILLIAMS, Esq. 

Honorary Secretary— GEORGE CODE, Esq. 



Cheques and Money Orders should be made payable to Mr. WILLIAM BAKER, 
crossed "L. &. S.W. Bank: Barnardo's Homes," and remitted to him at 

Head Offices: 18 to 26, STEPNEY CAUSEWAY, LONDON, E. 



NOTICE. 

New Branch Depot, 
93, NEW BOND ST., 

, . . formerly . , , 

" WU Wmxzx " Book Club. 



HOMESPUNS 

From all parts of IRELAND — viz., Donegal, Antrim, Mayo, Gal way, Kerry, Cork, 
Tipperary, Kilkenny, etc. 

HOMESPUNS 

From the Isles of HARRIS and LEWIS, and smaller Islands of the Hebrides. 

HOMESPUNS 

From the SHETLAND Islands. 

HOMESPUNS 

From the Island of ST. KILDA. 

H0MESPDNS 

From SUTHERLAND and SKYE. 

These are the true Peasant-made Homespuns. 
The different Localities having Distinctive Features. 
The Rarest and Choicest Webs only. 
Form an Exhibition well worth visiting, 
Not to be surpassed in the U.K. 

Prices fixed on a Moderate Basis, and Reductions made to 
Large Buyers. 



For all purposes of out-door country wear nothing can excel these charming: old- 
world textiles; qualities and designs suitable for Ladies, Gentlemen, and Children — 
Suits, Gowns, Overcoats, and Capes. Tens of Thousands of Yards always in Stock. 

Affiliated tailoring firms in connection who will make up the cloths if Customers 
so desire. Estimates by request, with Measurement Forms and Illustrations. 



Patterns and Catalogues on application. 



TELE. : 8303 CERRARD. 


ESTD. OVER 60 YEARS. 


T. A.: SELFHELP, LONDON. 






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Y 



Contains a Special Article 

UPON THE 

PRINCIPE HOLIDAY & HEALTH RESORTS 

IN 

ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, 
IRELAND & WALES, 

Giving information of interest to 

HOLIDAY-MAKERS, HEALTH-SEEKERS, 
and TOURISTS. 



SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT TO ABOVE. 

Whitaker's Almanack, pp. 845-887. 

THE HOLIDAY GUIDE 

FOB 

INTENDING VISITORS 

Gives the greatest amount of 
information with regard to accom- 
modation, &c, in the fewest possible 
words. 



EDUCATIONAL SUPPLEMENT TO ABOVE. 

"Whitaker's Almanack, pp. 817-844. 
THE 

DIRECTORY OF SCHOOLS 

Contains a specially selected List of 
EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
With, wherever 1 obtainable, 
PARTICULARS OF CLIMATE 

BY 

MEDICAL OFFICER op HEALTH. 






PEERAGE 

Baronetage, 
Knightage, 

and 

Companionage 

for the Year 

1907 

containing 
An Extended List of the Royal Family 
The Peerage with Titled Issue 
Dowager Ladies 
Baronets Knights and Companions 
Privy Councillors 
and Home and Colonial Bishops 
with a Comprehensive 
Introduction 
and an Index 
to Country Seats 




LONDON 



13, WARWICK LANE PATERNOSTER ROW, E.G 




PBEFACEJ/\Ka;0W0 

Fjrom the special point of view of a work like the present, the most 
striking feature of the year that has passed has been the unprecedentedly large 
1 creation of new Peers. The process had just commenced with the six 
enumerated in our last year's issue, and we have now to follow this with a 
list of no fewer than twenty-eight. Other noticeable changes have been the re- 
merging of the Manners of Iladdon Barony in the Dukedom of Eutland and 
the branching- off of the Went worth Barony from the Earldom of Lovelace. 

Much as this work has been indebted to the larger ' Peerages ' of " Burke " 
and " Debrett," we are unremitting in our efforts to procure information on 
our own account, and during the past autumn we have forwarded between 
two and three thousand proofs to Peers, Baronets, Widows, and many others. 
From a large number of these we have received the most valuable and courteous 
information, through which the accuracy of the present issue is greatly im- 
proved, and for which we return our most cordial thanks ; but, on the other 
hand, there are those who never return a proof, accompanied though it is with 
a stamped and directed envelope ; and there are others again who apparently 
return it only because of that envelope and without either marking a stroke 
or appending the word "correct." One elderly Peer who falls under this 
category yet takes the pains to send us the fatherly admonition, "Would 
it not save your time and postage if you looked at the published Eoll of the 
House of Lords ? " Of course it would be idle to suppose that either this 
volume or this Preface would ever meet his eye, or we might have informed 
him at least as to the nature of the document he cites : it is issued every 
February at the price of two-pence, and we not only purchase it, but study 
it and in substance reprint it every year. We hold, however, the opinion that, 
cheap as our own volume is, its readers will expect from it something more 
than what is thus to be had for an expenditure of two-pence. 

One frequent difficulty in this connection has been that of obtaining an 
answer to a query. Particularly has this been the case in the endeavour to 
ascertain how a name or title is pronounced. In many scores of instances the 
Editor has this year pointedly put the question as to whether a given utterance 
ought to be this or that ; and far too often, though happily not nearly always, 
the request has been absolutely ignored. We presume that it must be pro- 
voking to a titled person to hear his designation mispronounced ; then why 
will he not assist the effort towards putting the annoyance out of his way ? 
Several amateurs from time to time have pressed us with their own accustomed 
methods, and in some cases they have been right, but in others egregiously 
wrong. For the future we must restrict our acceptance of their statements to 
persons who can assert acquaintance with the families themselves. 

The Post Office has recently introduced a trifling change in the style it 
wishes adopted in the addressing of letters, abolishing the use of the form 
"E.S.O." (Eailway Sub-Office) and merging it in the simpler "S.O.," 
which is requested to be regularly appended " to assist sorters and thus avoid 
possible delay to correspondence." We much fear that this aspiration will be 
but exceptionally realised ; for to those who acknowledge our immense in- 
debtedness to the Post Office, and who know the lightning-like speed at which 
the sorting has to be performed, it will surely appear to be one with which 
they ought most cheerfully to comply. 

12 Warwick Lane, E.O. 
November 24, 1906. 



Claimant Baronets — Description of Title-page, 



REMARKS ON CLAIMANT BARONETS AND OTHERS. 

Tan increase year by year in the number of aspirants to the dignity of a Baronetcy 
induced us lately to take a step requiring to be noticed. There are possibly a few 
amongst these who are genuinely entitled to the style which they claim ; but, taking 
them in the bulk, it is evidently safe to say that those who are not downright impostors 
are the deluded victims of an impractical idea. The modus dpcrandi of these latter is 
apparently this : they become aware of a lapsed Baronetcy of their own surname, the 
last holder of which was either certainly or possibly a relative ; no one else has assumed 
the title, so why should not they ? The other class, believing that a Baronet's title will 
give them a standing or secure them longer credit from tradesmen, hunt up some name 
in Burke's ' Extinct Baronetcies ' (if it does not happen to be their own, what is easier 
than to make, it such ?), give it out that the latest holder left a son or brother whose name 
was never registered, and that from that son or brother themselves are descended ; 
servants and shopkeepers have perforce to give them their title, and thus a fictitious 
local position is secured, which probably suffices for the main purpose of most of them. 
Some of them tell us that they cannot afford the fees necessary for establishing their 
claim, thus ignoring the law of society that what a man cannot pay for he has to do 
without. They may say that in their case no person is injured by the unauthorised 
assumption ; but if they injure no individual they degrade and insult the Baronetage at 
large. Aspirants whose claim is good do not usually assume the title till they have 
established it, and the converse is reasonable as to those who first assume what they 
know they never can establish, A Mr. Robert Dennis, who has gone deeply into the 
.subject, lately wrote to The Times characterising the mass of these pretenders as a race 
of unmitigated scoundrels ; whilst the Editor of ' Dod's Peerage ' in a subsequent letter 
stated that if an investigation wei-e instituted there would probably be as many as fifty 
who would go by default. There are a few " Ladies " entered in West-End Directories 
but in no ' Knightage,' so that they would do well to establish their credentials. 

1C04465 

DESCRIPTION OP TITLE-PAGE. 

There is liere either latent or patent a considerable amount of illustration of the following pages. 
Turning first to the corners, we have, as now notified, representations of the Stars of the Order of the 
Garter ^the Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Military Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of 
a Maltese Cross (the clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper) . Next as to the coronets in the 
oval design surrounding the letter-press,we need only remark that "Nephews " corresponds to "Princes 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Itoyai Dukes" to "Princes of the Blood Royal," whilst the 
f Cap of Dignity " or "of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dress of Royalty (much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of forty of the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leeds, Rutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, Norton, 
Brabourne, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop's mitre, 
which some protest ought in nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks under the headings of these 
two Orders will suffice to make our position clear in the matter. The intermediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
figured Star. < Thus perpendicularly under the Garter corner is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by the 
coronets, is a true-lovers' knot as described in loc. The adjacent upper quarter is devoted to the 
Thistle, and exhibits the device of that symbol with the intervening sprigs of rue as they are found in 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick will be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick Collar. Lastly, against the Bath comer we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the form 
worn by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork,. being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as in 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objects are attached together by their edges and without chains. Surmounting the entire oval of 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Imperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Demription of Title-page . . , ix 

List of Promotions and Creations , ...... xii 

Obituary xiii 

Abbreviations . , , . . ."' ... xvi v 

INTRODUCTION: 

The Sovereign . . i 

Relatives of the Sovereign 3 

The Peerage and its Degrees (Bishops, 14 ; Classification. iS) . . 5 

The House of Lords •. .18 

The Peerage outside of the House (Foreign Titles, 21) . . . 20 
Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives (Divorcees, 27) . . . .22 

The Polls of the Three Peerages (Index-, 33) 28 

Rom \n Catholic Peers . . 35 

Scottish and Irish Representative Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Peers with Imperial Titles . . . .36 

Historic Peerage . ... 38 

Peerages Extinct or Dormant since 1836 45 

The Privy Council 47 

The Baronetage 49 

Historic Baronetage . . . 52 

Rannterets (or Knights Bannerets) 56 

The Knightage, Companionace, and Decorations . . . . 56 
Remarks on Native Eastern Names and Titles . . . .68 

Officers of Arms 70 

Precedence . , . 71 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title . . . . . . 74 

Cautions as to the Spelliyig of certain Titles and Names . . . .76 

THE POYAL FAMILY: 

H.M. King Edward VII., with Descendants and Relatives . .78. 

Index to the Royal Family 91 

Conspectus of the 1'oyal Family 93 

Order of Succession to the Throne 93 

Genealogical Table showing the Union of the Houses of 

George III. and Saxe-Coburg, with Observations . , .94 

Plan of the Directory • . t 96 

DIRECTORY OF THE PEERAGE, BARONETAGE, KNIGHTAGE, &c. 97-684 

Roman Catholic Bishops 6S5 

Reformed Anglican Bishops ......... 688 

Index to Seats and Residences in above .... 689-737 



INDEX TO INTRODUCTION. 



PAGE 

Abeyance 1.1.*;. 12 

Albert Crown ^ ix, 61 

Accession of a new Sovereign. . . 3 
Addressing Persons of Title . . .74 

Albert Medal 67 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2 

Archbishops 14 

Armil or Armilla 2, 3 

Arms, 8 ; College of 70 

Attainder 7, 8 

Bankruptcy of a Peer 19 

Bannerets 56 

Baronets, 49 ; succession of, 7, 
50 ; arms of, 8, 50 ; marriage 

of, '25 ; widow of 27 

Barons 

Bath, Order of the 60 

Bishops, 14; Suffragans 17 

Black Rod, 58 ; in Ireld 59 

"Blood" and "Blood Royal" 5 
Cap of Dignity or Maintenance ix 

Cautions on spelling 76 

Chancellor, Lord 19 

Classification of the Peerage ...18 

Cockade, The 68 

Collars, singular custom... 59, note 

Colobium Sindonis 2 

Commons,not dissolved at death 
of a Sovereign, 3 ; Irish Peers 
who have been members of... 6 
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. . .67 

„ Service Cross 67 

Coronation Chair 2 

Coronation Oath 3 

Coronets, 8; Note on 13 

Count, the term 10, note 

Courtesy, Lords by, 24 (also 
under Duke) ; their marriage 26 

"Cousin" of King 8, 9, 10, 11 

Crosiers and Crosses 18 

Cross-pattee 2 

Crown Colonies 23, note 

Crown of India, Order of 65 

Crowns, various Royal 1 

"Curtana" 2 

Dalmatic Robe 3 

" Dame," a Baronet's "Wife ...50 

"Decreet of Ranking" 21 

" Defender of the Faith " 1 

Descent of Nobility 6 

Distinguished Service Order ...65 

Dowager Ladies 2 

Dukes 

Earls g 

Egyptian Titles 69 

Ermine 8, note 

Extinct Peerages 4 

Female succession 1 

Foreign Titles of Nobility 21 

Garter King of Arms 19, 58 

Garter, Order of 57 

Golden Eagle and Spurs 2 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 24 

Green Rod 59 

Hanover,Kings of , 1 ; Knights of 64 

Hat privilege 

Heir Apparent, &c 

„ of Peers 6 

" Heirs general " 

Heralds &c 70 

Historic Baronetage 52 

Historic Peerage 38 

"Honourable," the term 22 



"Hon. Lady".., 23, 26 

"Ilk, Of that" 50 

Imperial titles held by Scottish 

and Irish Peers 37 

Imperial Service Order 65 

Indian Empire, Order of 63 

Indian native titles 68 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; of" 
Peers, see under "Dukes" 
&c, and Note on Coronets. 
Irish Peers, 20, 36 ; do. in Com- 
mons, and remark on their 

titles, 6 ; Bishops i5 

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 67 

Kingdom and its Rulers 1 

King's Champion 3 

Kings of Arms 70 

Knightage, early usages, 56, 60 ; 
higher Orders restricted to 
nobles, 57; "additional" or 
"extras," 58, 61; antipathy 

to 64 

Knights Bachelor 64 

Knights' fees (feudal term) 12, 64 

„ ,, abolished 64 

"Lady," the term, 23, 25: re- 
tained by a Baronetess 50 

Lapsing of titles 7 

League of Mercy 67 

Life Peers 20 

" Lord," the term 22 

Lord Chancellor 19 

Lord of Session 21 

Lords, House of, composition 
18 ; forms of admittance, 
procedure, &c, 18, 19; order 

of calling 28 

Maltese Cross 67 

Mantles— King's, 2; Peers' 14 

Marquesses 9 

Marriage of Peeresses &c 25 

" Master," a term of Scottish 

Peerage 24, 27 

Military Knights of Windsor. . .66 

Miniver 8, note 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 19 

Missionary Bishops 17 

Mitres 18 

Montfort, Sir Simon de 11 

Morganatic marriage 27 

Mound 2 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 10, note 

Nobility, privileges of 7 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of 51 

Oath at Coronations, 3 ; on a 

Peer's accession 19 

"Of," when used in titles 6 

Official Peers 20 

Orb 2 

Order of Mercy 67 

Order of Merit 65 

Patent of nobility 13 

Patrick, Order of St 59 

" Pearls " in coronets 9, 14 

Peeresses, marriage of, 25 ; in 

own right 21 

Peers of Parliament, 6, 16 ; of 
England, Scot., Irel., &c, 6; 
trial of, 7 ; term implying 
" equals," 12 ; classifications 
of, 18 ; cannot be K.C.'s, 19 ; 
hereditary, life, official, and 

elected, 20 ; by courtesy 24 

' Peers' S ons and Grandso ns ...2 4 



PAGE 

Peers' "Widows 27 

Powdered mantle 8 

Precedence 71 

Premier Dukes,8; Marquesses, 

9 ; Earls, 10 ; Viscounts, 11 ; 

Barons, 13; Baronets 51 

Premiers obtaining Peerages... 11 

Princes and Princesses 4, 5 

Privileges of Peers 7 

Privy Council 47 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 19 

Pursuivants 70 

Queen Consort and Dowager. . . 3 

Quorum in Lords 19 

Regalia of Sovereign 1 

Representative Peers 20, 35 

" Right Hon.," the term 23 

Ring, Ruby 3 

Robes, Note on 13 

Roll of the House of Lords 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Royal Family Surname 45 

Royal Hanoverian Order 64 

Royal Red Cross 67 

Royal Victorian Order 63 

St. Edward's Crown and Staff,i,2 
St. John of Jerus., Order of ...66 
St. Mich, and St. Geo., Order of 62 

St. Patrick, Order of 59 

Scarlet Rod 61 

Sceptres 2 

" Scotch," the word objected 

to 20, note 

Scottish Peers, 20, 36; Lords of 

Session 21 

" Sir" with a Peer's name 57 

Special Remainder 7 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2 ; of 

Knights 56 

Star of India, Order of 61 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Stone of Destiny 2 

Succession 6 

Summons, "Writ of, 12; of 

Peer's son to Lords 19 

Supertuniea 2 

" Supporters" in arms 8 

Swords of State, Justice, and 

Mercy 2 

Tabard 70 

Tenants in Chief 12 

Tenure, Barons by 11 

Thanes 11 

"The" before "Lord," 

"Lady,"&c.74 (under Baron). 

Thistle, Order of 59 

Title-page, description of ix 

Titles of Sovereign 1, of Peers 6 

Triple Peerages 37 

Ulster, " Bloody Hand of " ...50 
Victoria and Albert, Roy.Order 

of 65 

Victoria Cross 66 

Victorian Order, Royal 63 

Viscounts 11 

Volunteer Officers' Decoration 67 

Voting in Lords 19 

Wales, Prince of (position, in- 
signia, &c.) 4 

Woolsack 19 

Writ, Barons by, 12 ; when still 

used 13 

Younger sons of nobles 24, 

and see under " Duke " &c. 



PROMOTIONS AND CREATIONS. 



Eor 1906 (tip to Nov. 24). 
Peers. 

Lefevre (Shaw-), fit. Hon. G. J., made Bn. Eversley. 



Pirrie, Rt. Hon. W. J., made Bn, Pirrie, 
Reid, Sir R. T., made Bn. Loreburn. 
Ritchie, C. T. (deceased), made Bn. Ritchie of 
Dundee. 

Sanderson, Sir T. II., made Bn. Sanderson. 
Spencer, Rt. Hon. C. R., made Vise. Althorp. 
Stanhope, Hon. P. J., made Bn. Weafdale, 
Stern, H.. made Bn. Mich el h am . 
Thompson (Meysey-), Sir Ii., made Bn. Knaves- 
borough. 

Tredegar, Bn., made Vise. Tredegar. 
Walrond, Sir W. H, made Bn. Waleran. 
Wills, Sir W. H., made Bn. Wintersloke. 
Wilson, C. II., made Bn. Nunburnhohne. 



Armitstead, G., made Bn. Armitstead. 
Atkinson, J., made Lord of Appeal. 
Beach (Hicks-), Sir M., made' Vise. St, Aidifiy®. 
Beaumont, W. B., made Bn. Allendale. 
Colebrooke, Sir E. A., made Bn. Colebrooke. 
Courtney, Rt. Hon. I/., made Bn. Courtney. 
Faber, E. B., made Bn. Faber. 
Fitzmaurice, Lord E., made Bn. Fitsmaurice. 
Grenfell, Vv r . II., made Bn. Desborough. 
Harmsworth, Sir A., made Bn. NorthcUffe. 
Hawkesbnry, Bn., made Earl of Liverpool. 
Hayter, Sir A. D., made Bn. Haversham. 
Hemphill, C. H.. made Bn. Hemphill. 
Jenkins, Sir J. J., made Bn. Glantawe. 
Joicey, Sir J., made Bn. Joicey. 

(Extinct— Currie Barony ; merged in a Dukedom, Mansfield of Iladdon Buy.) 
Three Scott, and Ir. Peers elected as Representatives— Lord Borthwick, E. of Rothes, E. of Wicklow. 

Bishops. 

Ellis, Canon Rowland, to Aberdeen; Mckson, Rev. E., to Jarroio (Suffr.) ; Stubbs, Very Rev. C. W., to 
Truro. 

Privy Councillors. 

Beaucb amp, Earl ; Birrell, A.; Blennerhassett, Sir R. (Ireld,); Brunner, S. J. T. ; Bryce, Rt. Hon. J. 
(Ireld. added); Buckley, Sir II. B. ; Burns, J.; Burt, T. ; Buxton, S. C. ; Campbell, J. H. M. [Ireld.); 
Carson, Rt. Hon. Sir E. (G. B. added); Causton, R. K. ; Cavendish, V. C. W. ; Coll, Sir P. (Ireld,); 
Dalrymple, Sir C. ; De Bnnsen, Sir M. W.; Ellis, J. E. ; Farquharson, R. ; Farrell, Sir G. ; Foster, Sir 
W. ; George (Lloyd-), D. ; Hai'court, L. ; Kekewich, Sir A.; Kitson, Sir J. ; Labouchere, H. : Loekwood, 
Lt.-Col. A. ; Macnaghten (Workman-), Sir F. E. (Ireld.) ; Manchester, Duke of ; Moulton, Sir J. F. ; Mowatt, 
Sir P.; Palmer, G. W. ; Reay, Lord; Robertson, Edmd. ; Sandars, J. G. ; Sandhurst, Lord; Satow, Sir 
E. M. ; Sefton, Earl of; Shaw, Thos.; Sinclair, Jno. ; Smith, Sir C. Cleinenti ; Smith, Saml.; Wills, 
Sir Alf . 

Baronets. 

Bell, C. M. ; Canning, P. A.; Cawley, P.; Cohen, B. L. ; Cooper, R. P.; Ferguson (Johnson-), J. E.; 
Graham, J. H. M. ; Greenwell, W. Li. ; Hare, T. L. ; Hogg (Lindsay-), L. : Hulton, W. B. ; Hunter 
(Hughes-), Col. C. ; Huntington, B. ; Langman, J. C. ; Lawrence, E. W. R. ; Lawson, J. G. ; Ley, Fras. ; 
Mason, Edwd. ; Milburn, J. D. ; Morgan, VV. V. ; Nixon, Sir C. ; Praed (Mackworth-), H. B. ; Runciman, 
W.; Schuster, P.; Schwann, 0. E. ; Speyer, E. ; Spicer, A.; Tooth (Lucas-), R. ; Walker, Rt. Hon. S. ; 
Wilson, Jno. 

(E.rtinct.—Kellett ; Wells. Merged in Peerage.— Beach (Hicks-); Colebrooke; Harmsworth; Hayter; 
Joicey ; Thompson (Meysey-) ; Walrond ; Wills of Blagdon.) 

Knights. 

E.G.— Carrington, Earl. 
K. T.— Aberdeen, Earl of. 

G.C.B.-Mil.: Butler, Lt.-Gen. Sir W. P.; M'Queen, Lt.-Gen. Sir J. W. ; Raines, Gen. Sir J. A. R. : 

Rawson, Adm. Sir H. H. ; Wilson, Adm. Sir A. K. Civ. : Brassey, Lord ; Digby, Sir K. E. ; Hamilton, 

Sir E. W. ; MacGregor, Sir Evan ; Ridgeway, Rt. Hon. Sir W. 
K.C.B.— Mil. : Anderson, Gen. H. S. ; Boyes, Vicc-Adm. G. T. H. ; Burnett, Gen. C. J.; Chapman, Gen. 

E. F.; Colvite, Lt.-Gen. F. M. ; Donnelly, Dep. Sg. Gen. J. M'N. ; Dunne, Gen. J. H.; Durnford, Vice- 

Adm. J. ; Keogh, Sg.-Gen. Alf. ; Maunsell, Maj.-Gen. T. ; May, Vice-Adm. Sir W. H. ; Owen, Gen. J. F. ; 

l'lumer, Maj.-Gen. H. C. B. ; Pritchard, Lt.-Gen. G. D. ; Sayer, Lt.-Gen. J. R. S. ; Shone, Lt.-Gen. W. T. ; 

Toker, Maj.-Gen. A. 0. ; Williams, Lt.-Gen. H. F. Cio.: Chalmers, M. D. : Hervey, G. W.; Raban, 

Col. E. ; Redesdale. Lord. 
&.C.S.L— Orchha, II. II. the Maharaja of. 

K.C.S.I.—Resit$on, Maj.-Gen. N. B. ; Bhure Singh, II. II. Raja ; Bigge, Lt.-Col. Sir A. J. ; Deane, Lt.-Col. 
II. H. ; Fuller, J. B. ; Law, Sir E. F. 

G.C.M.G.— Cassell, Rt. Hon. Sir E. J. ; Clarke, Sir G. S. ; Madden, Sir J. ; Nicolson, Rt. Hon. Sir A. 

K.C.M.G. — Campbell, F. A. ; Chelmsford. Lord; De Bnnsen, Rt. Hon. Sir M.; Hopwood, Sir P. J. S. ; 
Johnston, 1). A.; Matthews, Win.; Micallef, R. ; Rice, C. A. Spring; Sanders, C. J. R. ; Trotter, 
Lt.-Col. H. ; Villiers, Hon. F. II. 

G.C.I. E. — Elles, Maj.-Gen. Sir E. R. ; Jaujira, II. II. Tvawab ; Lawley, Hon. Sir A. 

K. (?./.#.— Bhaiovati P. Singh, Maharaja; M'beod, Gen. D. J. S.; M'Mahon, Maj. A. II. 

G.C.V.O.— Beresford, Lord Chas. ; Gasseil, Rt. Hon. Sir E. J. ; Clarendon. Earl of; De Bnnsen, Rt. Hon. 
SirM.; Ducie. Earl of; Elliott, Sir F. E. H. ; Kenny (Kelly-), Gen. Sir T. ; MacDonald, Sir C. M. ; Redes- 
dale, Lord.— Royal Victorian Chain, M. of Lansdowne. 

K.C.V.O.— Barry, II. 1).; Barton, Maj.-Gen. G. ; Charles, Lt.-Col. R. II.; Coke, Vise. ; Davidson, Col. A. ; 
Duff, Maj.-Gen. B. ; Edgerley, 8. W. ; Fripp, Sir A. D.; Henry, E. R. ; Holmes, G. C. V. ; Jackson, 
R.-Adm. II. B. ; Leach, E. P.; Mitchell, T. ; Paget, Lt.-Gen. A. II. F. ; Poo, V.-Aclm. E. S. ; Probyn, 
L. C. ; Sandwich, Earl of; Shaftesbury, Earl of: Stuart, H. A. ; Upcott, P. R. 

A7.v. Bach .— Adamson, II.; Ballantyne, 11. ; Barker, F. W.; Benn, J. W. ; Benson, R. S. ; Bethell, J. H.; 
Biggs, A. W. ; Bowater, T. V. ; Boyce, R. W. ; Brett, C. H. ; Bright, Jos. ; Brown, J. M. ; Buckingham, 
Jos.; Bull, W. J.; Byers, J. W. ; Cath, E. : Olegg, W. E. ; Cook, W. T. G. ; Cooke (Kinloch-), C. ; ( nuke 
(Paget-), II. ; Copland, W. R. ; Crawford, W. ; Cruickshank, W. D. ; David, S. J. ; Desikachariyar, V. C. ; 
Ebrahim, C. ; Evans, Edwd. ; Faire, S. ; Fildes, J. L. ; Fleming, Jas. ; Ghose, J.; Gold, C. ; Gordon 
(Evans-), Maj. W. E. ; Gould, F. C. ; Graham, Clav. ; Hamilton, D. M. ; Hay, Col. G. J. ; Hay (Drummond-), 
R. ; Hudson, R. A.; Hughes, W. C. ; Hutchinson, C. P.; Hutchinson, S. H. C. ; Irving, vEmil ; Jacoby, 
J. II.; Jones, 1). B. ; Jones, W. II. II.; Kelly, H. G. ; King, II. C. ; Knox, G. E. ; Langrishe, W. H. ; 
Lowe, F. W. ; Lyon, Alex.; Marshall, Col. T. II.!; Menendez, M. R. ; Moody, Maj-Gen. J. M. ; Moss' 



Obituary. 



H. E. ; Moulton, Rt. Hon. J. F. ; Munro, Hy. ; Murray, 0. W. ; Murray. G. S. ; Nathan, F. L. ; Neville : 
Ralph; Mcoll. Wm.; Norman, H. ; North, Maj.H. ; Owen, W. ; Parker, 11. J. ; Pedler, A.; Pigott, T. D. 
Eamsay, W. M. ; Bandall, H. E. ; Randies, J. 8. ; Robinson, Jno. ; Robson, W. G. ; Royds, Col. C. M. 
Shaw, A. W. ; Simpson, A. B>. ; Slack, J. B. ; Smallman, H. G. ; Sutton, Hon.H. ; Tagore, Mah.Prodyat 
Talbot, W. H. ; Tarring, C. J. ; Thomas, A. B. ; Torrance. A. M. ; Tweedy, J. ; Vaudrey, W. V. ; Venning 
E. : Voulis, G. B. ; Walton, J. L, ; Ward, Jno. ; Weatherbe, R. L. ; Welby, G. E. ; Whitbread, Col. H. 
Whittaker, T. P. ; Wood, Edwd. ; Wright, Dr. A, E. 



0. M .—Cromer, Earl 



Oyama, Fd.-Marsh. Marq, ; Yamagata, Fd.-Marsh. Marq, 

COMMANDERS, COMPANIONS, &C. 

C.V.O. 30; M.V.O. 73 ith CI., 18 5th; C.B. 33 Mil., 19 Civ.; C.S.I. 17; C.M.G. 32; CLE. 
I.S.0. 35 : Total 291 (exclusive of Honorary Creations), 



D.S.O. 4 : 



OBITUARY. 



All dates for 1906 unless otherwise stated. 



Royal Personages. 
Denmark, H.M. Christian IX., King of.'s.G. (aged 
87).— Jan. 2>. 

Dietrichstein, Princess Dowager (aged 81).— Feb. 22. 
Saxe-Coburg, Princess Mathilda of (wife of H.R.H. 
Prince Louis).— Aug. 6. 

Peers. 

Arundell of Wardour, 12th Baron— Oct. 26. 
Bessborough, Rev., 7th Earl of (aged 81).— Feb. 24. 
Congleton, 4th Baron, c.b— Nov. 12. 
Cranbrook, 1st Ear] of, p.c.,g.c.s.i. (aged 92) —Oct. 30. 
Currie, 1st and only Baron, p.c, g.c.b.— May 12. 
Foley, 5th Baron.— Dec. 17, 1905. 
Gandolfi, 1st Duke (Papacy).— Feb. 27. 
Glanusk, 1st Baron.— Jan. 6. 

Hampden, 2nd Viscount, g.c.m.g.— Nov. 22 (too late 

for p. 343). 
Hampton, 3rd Baron.— March 17. 
Ilchester, 5th Earl of, p.c— Dec. 6, 1905. 
Leven and Melville, 13th Earl of, k.t.— Aug. 21. 
Losada y Lousada, 5th Duke de (Spain).— Dec. 26, 

1905. 

Lovelace, 2nd Earl of (12th Baron Wentworth).- 
Aug. 28. 

Mansfield, 5th Earl of, p.c— April 29. 
Masham, 1st Baron (aged 91).— Feb. 2. 
Molesworth, Rev., the 8th Viscount,— June 6. 
Newlands, 1st Baron (aged 80).— Jan. 30. 
Eitchie of Dundee, 1st Baron (just created), p.c— 
Jan. 9. 

Rutland, 7th Duke of, k.g., p.c, g.c.b. (aged 87).— 
Aug. 4. 

Templemore, 2nd Baron (aged U).—June 10. 

Peeresses and Peers' Issue, 

Acheson, Lady Edith.— Aug. 14. 
Althorp, Viscountess.— July 4. 
Arbuthnott, Hon. Hugh.— July 18. 
Ashbrook, Viscountess.— Jan. 5. 
Astley, Hon. Bridget.— March 2. 
Bateson, Hon. Mrs. Robert, daughter of 3rd Baron 
Castlemaine.— April 26. 

eaufort, Dowager Duchess of (aged 80).— May. 14. 
BCdoyere, Marquise de la, dau. of 1st Baron Greville. 

■—April 21. 
Boscawen, Hon. Edith Maria.— Sept. 24. 
Boscawen, Hon. Gertrude E. (aged 81).— July 18. 
Bourke, Hon. Mrs. George.— Aug. 22. 
Brodrick, Hon. Mrs. Alan.— August. 
Browne, Lady Ellen Maria.— Dec. 10, 1905. 
[Brownlow, Hon. Mrs. Edward.— March 14. 
iByng, Hon. Mrs. James (aged 81).— Apr. 2. 
; Caithness, Countess of, widow of 16th Earl.— Feb. 5. 
ICalthorpe, Hon. Susan Caroline.— Oct. 15. 
iCapel, Hon. Regd. Algernon.— July 31. 
1 Carnegie, Hon. Charles.— Sept. 12. 
Carter (Bonham-), Hon. Mrs. John, daughter of 1st 

Baron Northbrook.— June 5. 
Castlestewart, Dowager Countess (aged 99).-^f e&.3. 
Cavendish, Hon. Susan Frederica.— Jan. 28. 



Cholmondeley, Hon. Mrs. Henry, daugnter-in-law 

of 1st Baron Delamere.— Aug. 24. 
Cocks, Hon. Jno. J. T. Somers (aged 86).— Sept. .21. 
Cottesloe, The Lady, wife of present Baron.— A 00 . 4. 
Curzon of Kedleston, The Lady, C.I.— July 18. 
Denman, Hon. Mrs. George— Dec. 19, 1905. 
Dormer, Hon. Lady, daughter-in-law of 11th Baron. 

and widow of Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas. C. Dormer, 

R.c.B.— June 1. 
Dundas, Hon. Cospatrick Thomas.— Nov. 23. 
Elliot, Hon. Mrs. Arthur.— Jan. 1. 
Ellis, Hon. Chas. Arthur.— March 30. 
Farquhar, Lady Mary Octavia, daughter of 6tn 

Duke of Beaufort and widow of 3rd Bt.— Sept. 7. 
Peilding, Very Eev. Mgr. Hon. Basil G. E. Vincent. 

—July 31. „ 
Pfrench, Mary Anne, Lady, widow of 4th Baron.— 

Fiennes,*Rev. the Hon. Wm. Cecil— Sept. 22. 
Pitzwilliam (Wentworth-), Hon. Wm. Reginald — 

Praser/cen. the Hon. Sir David Macdowall, g.c.b. 

(aged 80).— Feb. £5. _ 
Gibson, Hon. Henry D'OUier Grant.— Dec. 10, 1D05. 
Grimston, Hon. Mrs. Edward (aged 90).— July 14. 
Haldon, The Dowager Lady.- Dec. 19, 1905. 
Hamilton (Dalrymple-), Hon. North, M.v.o.— ISiov. 4. 
Haugvvitz, Baroness von (Lady Inglefield).— ISov. 10. 
Herbert, Hon. Auberon.— Nov. 5. 
Herbert, Hon. Mrs. Eobert— March 13. 
Hill (Noel-), Hon. Anne- Nov. 25, 1905. 
Hindlip, The Dowager Lady, widow 01 1st Baron 

(aged 84) .-^.19. 
Hood, Hon. Mrs. Albert.— Aug. 20 
Howard, Lady Louisa, daughter-in-law of 16th Earl 

of Suffolk and daughter of 3rd Marq. of Lans- 

downe (aged 92).— June 12. ^ 
Howard, Lady Rachel, sister of Earl Cawdor.— 

Oct. 6. 

Howard, Lady Victoria Margaret.— Jan. 4. 
Howe, Countess.— Feb. 9. , tt 
Hutchinson (Ilely-), Hon. Granville Wm- June 11. 
Ingham, Lady Caroline, daughter of 7th E. of 

Harrington. — Aug. 7. „ , „ , ^ 

Keane, Lady Isabella, daughter of the 5th Earl of 

Orkney, and daughter-in-law of 1st Baron Keane. 

Kerr! tody Amabel, sister of late Earl Cowper and 
wife of Adm. of the Fleet Lord Walter Kerr.— 
Oct. 15. 

Knutsford, Viscountess.— Aug. 26. 

Leigh, the Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Baron.— 

March 24. „ „ . 

Londonderry, Dowager Marchioness of .— kept. 19. 
Maurice, Hon. Mrs. John, daughter of 2nd Baron 

Lilford (aged 95).— Dec. 4, 1905. 
Montgomery, Lady Charlotte, daughter of 2nd Earl 

of Powis (aged 84).— May. 15. 
Morris and Killanin, The Lady.— Oct. 11. 
Munster, Countess of, widow of 2nd Earl.— Oct. 9. 
Nelson, Hon. Mrs. Maurice.— Sept. 24. 
Osborne, Lady Emma Godolphin.— May 24 



Obituary. 



xiv 



Pelham, Lady Henrietta Juliana (aged 92).— Dec. 4, 
1905. 

Pembroke, Gertrude, Countess of, widow of 13th 

Earl— Sept. 30. 
Petre, Hon. Fredc. C. Edmund (aged 82).— July 19. 
Phipps, Lord Henry G. Russell.— Nov. 27, 1903. 
Portsmouth, Dowager Countess of —Sept. 30. 
Powlefct (Orde-), Hon. Mrs. Thomas (aged 82).— 

March 31. 
Powys, Hon. Mrs. Charles— A\ aril 26. 
Eochfort. Hon. Mrs. Horace, daughter of 1st Baron 

Bridport (aged W-i).—Aug. 21. 
Rollo, The Lady, wife of present Baron.— May 2. 
Rotnilly, The Lady, mother of present Peer. — 

March 1. 

Russell, Lady Alexander.— Oct. 10. 
Sandhurst, The Lady.— March 13. 
Sefton, Dowager Countess of (aged 92).— Oct. 5. 
Selby, Viscountess.— Nov. 15. 

Sernioneta, Duehessa di, daughter of 6th Baron 

Howard de Walden — April 15. 
Skeffington, Hon. Florence Cecilia.— 1903. 
Somerset, Hon. Charlotte (aged 91).— July 3. 
Somerset, Hon. Mrs. Granville.— March 9. 
Tagart, Lady Mary, daughter of the 7th Earl of 

Albemarle.— Sept. 17. 
Temple, Hon. Arthur Ernest, son of 2nd Bn. Harris. 

— Aug. 12. 

Tracy (Hanbury-), Hon. Fredk. S. Archib.— Aug. 9. 
French, Hon. Sydney— Dec. 16, 1905. 
Vereker, lion. Mrs. John. — June 12. 
Waldegrave, Lady Mary.— May 1. 
Walsingham, The Lady, wife of present Baron.— 
Nov. 4. 

Way, Hon. Mrs. Albort, daughter of 1st Baron 

Stanley of Aldcrley.— Aug. 31. 
Westmcath, Countess of (widow).— July 7. 
Whalley, Hon. Lady, sister of 2nd Bn. Ash town 

and widow of Sir Saml. St. S. B. Whalley, m.p. 

(aged 93).— Aug. 19. 
Williamson, Hon. Maud.— May 11. 
Yonge, Hon. Mrs. John, daughter of 4th Baron Lisle 

(aged 83).— Dec-. 22, 1905. 



PRELATES. 

Bickerstcth, Rt. Rev. Edwd. Henry, late 62nd Bp. of 

Exeter (aged 81).— May 16. 
Bompas. Rt. Rev. Win. Carpenter, late Bp. of 

Selkirk (Yukon Territory).— June 9. 
Bond, Most Rev. Win. Bennett, Abp. of Montreal 

(aged 91). —Oct. 10. 
Compton, Rt. Rev. Lord Alwyne, late 59th Bp. of Ely 

(aged 80).— April 4. 
Courtenay, Rt. Rev. Reginald, formerly Bp. of 

Kingston, Jamaica (aged 93).— April 13. 
Douet, Rt. Rev. Chas. Fredk., late Bp. Assist, in 

Jamaica.— Dec. 28, 1905. 
Gott, Rt. Rev. John, 3rd Bp. of Truro.— July 21. 
Haldanc (Chinnery-), Rt. Rev. Jas. R. Alex., Bp. of 

Argyll and the Isles — Feb. 16. 
Hoare, Rt. Rev. Jos. Chas., 4th Bp. of Victoria, 

Hong Kong.— Sept. 18 (lost in a typhoon). 
Langley, Rt. Rev. Henry Archdall, 1st Bp. of 

Bendigo.— Aug. 4. 
Sandford, Rt. Rev. Daniel Fox, formerly Bp. of 

Tasmania.— Aug. 20. 
Stanton, Rt. Rev. Geo. Henry, 4th Bp. of Newcastle, 

JNf.S.VV— Dec. 4, 1905. 
Strachan, Rt. Rev. Jno. Miller, d.d., M.D., late 2nd 

Bp. of Rangoon.— May 3. 



PiuvY Councillors. 

Couch, Rt. Hon. Sir Richd., Kt. Bach, (aged 88).— 
Nov. 29, 1905. 

Duff (Grant-), Rt. Hon. Sir Mountstuart E., g.c.s.i., 

c.i.e. — Jan. 12. 
Jeffreys, Rt. Hon. Arthur Fredk., M.P. — Feb. 14. 
Nelson, Rt. Hon. Sir Hugh Muir, p.c, k.c.m.g.— 

Dec. 31, 1905. 

O'ConorDon, Rt. Hon. The (Chas. Owen O'Conor).— 
June 30. 

Peel, Rt. Hon. Sir Frederick, k.c.m.g. (aged 82).— 
June 6. 



Sauuderson, Col. Rt. Hon. Edwd. James, M.P.— 
Oct. 21. 

Thornton, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward, g.c.b. (aged 88).— 
Jan. 26. 

Baronetagk. 

Adam, Lady, widow of Rt. Hon. Wm. P. Adam, 

c.i.e., designated for Baronetcy.— Nov. 19 (too 

late for p. 101). 
Anstruther (Carmichael-), Dowager Lady (aged 83). 

— Dec. 31, 1905. 
Austin, Sir John, 1st Bt. (aged 81).— March 30. 
Barrow, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt. (aged 96). 

—Jan. 9. 

Blomelield, Fanny, Lady, widow of 3rd Bt.— Tan. 9. 
Boevey (Crawley-), Lady, wife of 5th Bt. — Nov. 24, 
1905. 

Boughey, Sir Thos. Fletcher, 4th Bt— Aug. 30. 
Boughton (Rouse-), Sir Chas. Henry, 11th Bt. of 

Lawford (aged 81).— Feb. 20. 
Broeldebank, Sir Thomas, 1st Bt. (aged 91),— June 8. 
Bromley, Dowager Lady, widow of 4th Bt.— June 17. 
Bromley, Sir Robert, 6th Bt.— May 13. 
Brown, Sir Wm. Richmond, 2nd Bt. of Astrop.— 

May 10. 

Bruce, Sir Wm. Cuningham, 9th Bt. of Stenhouse 

(aged 80).— May 29. 
Chichester, Rear-Adm. Sir Edwd., c.b., c.m.g.— 

Sept. 17. 

Coghill, Sir Jno. Joscclyn, 4th Bt.— Nov. 29, 1905. 
Cooper, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt. of Wool- 

lahra. —April 1. 
Cunynghainc, Louisa, Lady, widow of 6th Bt.— 

Nov. 7. 

Dale, Sir David, 1st Bt— April 28. 
Dering, Sir Hy. jNevill. 9bh Bt., k.c.m.g.,c.b.— Aug. 25. 
Echlin, Sir Thos., 7th Bo.— Nov. 16 (too late for 
P. 271). 

Fitzllerbert, Rev. Sir Richard, 5th Bt.— Jan. 4. 
Gethin, Dowager Lady.— Aug. 27. 
Gordon, Sir William, 6th Bt. of Earlston.— May 12. 
Gordon (Smith-), Sir Lionel Eldred, 2nd Bt.— Dec. 1, 

1905.— His widow died Jan. 13, 1900. 
Graham, Lady, widow of last Bt. of Kirkstall.— 

Jan. 27. 

Grey, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Edw. Grey, 3rd Bt., 

n.p.—Feb. 4. 
Gunning, Sir Fredk. Di^by, 6th Bt.— July 21. 
Hamilton, Lady, wife of Sir Chas. E. Hamilton, 1st 

Bt. of London.— Aug. 6. 
Hay, Lady, wife of 7th Bt. of Alderston.— March 11. 
Heuniker, Sir Brydgcs Powell, 4th lit.— July 12. 
Hodson, Lady, widow of 3rd Bt.— March 17. 
Kelleit, Sir William, 3rd Bt— Dec. 27, 1905.-His 

successor, Sir Henry, is stated to have died in 1906. 
Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, 2nd Bt. of Brayton, u.v.—Julyl. 
M'Clure, Lady, widow of Sir Thos. M'Clure, Jan. 4. 
Mackenzie, Dowager Lady, of Coul.— May 13. 
Mackenzie, Sir Allan Russell, 2udBt. of Glen Muick. 

—Aug. 19. 

Mainwaring, Sir Philip Tatton, 4th Bt— Feb. 21. 
Makins, Kir William Thos., 1st Bt— Feb. 2. 
Milbanfce, Dowager Lady, widow of Sir J. R. Mil- 

banke-Huskissou, Sth Bt. (aged 83).— Dec. 19, 1905. 
Miller, Sir Jas. Percy, 2nd Bt. of Manderston, d.s.o. 

—Jan. 22. 

Moon, Lady, widow of Rev. Sir E. G. Moon, 2nd Bt. 
— Sept. 29. 

Murray, Sir Digby, 11th Bt. of Blackbarony —Jan. 5. 
Palmer, Sir Archdale Root., 4th Bt. of Wanlip.— 
July 26. 

Piers, Lady, widow of 7th Bt. (aged 92).— Feb. 7. 
Poyntcr, Lady, wife of Sir Edwd. J. Poyutcr, 1st Bt. 

—June 12. 
Pryse, Sir Pryse, 1st Bt.— April 21. 
Ribton, Lady, widow of last Bt.— Feb. 27. 
Savory, Rev. Sir Borradaile, 2nd Bt. of Brook St.— 

Sept. 12. 

Scott, Sir Fras. D. S.,4thBt. of Dunninald.— Aug. 11. 
Shi liner, Rev. Sir Geo. Croxton, 4th Bt. (aged 86).— 
Jan. 23. 

Shuckburgh, Lady, widow of 9th Bt. and afterwards 

of his cousin Maj. Shuckburgh.— Jan. 12. 
Soame (Buckworth-Herne-), Sir C, 9th Bt.— 

March 25. 



Obituary. 



xv 



Sullivan, Adm. Sir Eras. Wm„ 6th Bt. of Thames 

Ditton, k.c.b., c.m.g.— May 13. 
Tempest, Lady, wife of Sir Tristram Tempest, 4th 

Bt.— April 16. 
Tennant, Sir Charles, 1st Bt. (aged 82).— June 4. 
Walsham, Sir "John, 2nd Bt., k.c.m.g — Dec. 10, 1905. 
Waterlow, Sir Sydney Hedley, 1st Bt., K.c.v.o. 

(aged 83).— Aug. 3. 
Wells, Sir Arthur Spencer, 2nd and last Bt.— April 1. 

Knightage. 

Alston, Sir Fras. Beilby, k.c.m.g. (aged 85) —Aug. 24. 
Bagot, Sir Chas. Satnl., Kt. Bach.— July 21. 
Banoermau (Campbell-), Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. 

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman,— Aug. SO. 
Barham, Lady, wife of Sir Geo. Barham, Kt. Bach. 

—April 14. 

Barnard, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir C. L. Barnard. 

k.c.b.— <Sept. 9. 
Barry, Sir Jacob Dirk, Kt. Bach.— 1905. 
Bayliss, Sir Wyke, Kt. Bach.— April 5. Lady B.— 

Aug. 17. 

Bridge, Lady, wife of Sir J. Fredk. Bridge, Kt. Bach. 
—Jan. 13. 

Bright, Lady, wife of Sir Jos. Bright, Kt. Bach.— 
Nov. 5. 

Brown, Prof. Sir Geo. Thomas. Kt. Bach, c.b.— 
J une 20. 

Browne (Gore-), Lady, widow of Sir Thos. Gore- 
Browne.— April 9. 
Bullard, Lady, widow of Sir H. Bullard, Kt. Bach. 

—March 18. 
Buller, Sir Walter Lawry, k.c.m G.-July 19. 
Carey, Sir T. Godfrey, Kt. Bach.— Nov. 8. 
Chads, Adm. Sir Henry, k.c.b (aged 86).— June 30. 
Cloete", Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Abraham J. Cloetc, 

k.c.b., k.h— Aug. 4. 
Collard, Lady, wife of Sir Geo. Collard, Kt. Bach.— 

Dec. 10, 1905. 
Cookson, Sir Chas. Alfred, k.cm-g.,c.b — Feb. 3. 
Cooper, Lady, widow of Sir Chas. Cooper, Kt. Bach. 

(aged 89).— Oct. 18. 
Daubeney, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir II. C. B. 

Daubeney, g.c.b.— Jan. 13. 
Davenport, Sir Samuel, k.c.m.g. (aged 83).— Sept. 4. 
Davies, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. Davies, m.p,— 

June 19. 

Davies, Sir J as. Acworth, Kt. Bach.— Sept. 17. 
Dawkins, Sir Clinton Edwd., k.c.b.— Dec. 2, 1905. 
Douglas (Thorpe-), Hon. Sir Adye, Kt. Bach, (aged 

90).— April 17. 
Doyle, Lady, wife of Sir Conan Doyle, Kt. Bach.— 

July 4. 

Dunne, Sir John. Kt. Bach, (aged 80).— Jan. 5. 
Ewart, Dep. Surg.-Gen. Sir Joseph, Kt. Bach.— 
Jan. 10. 

Fanshawe, Adm. Sir Edwd. Gennys, g.c.b. (aged 91). 
— Oct. 21. 

Findlater, Sir Wm. Huffington, Kt. Bach, (aged 82). 
-April 16. 

Fischer, Sir Henry Chas., Kt. Bach., c.m.g— iVow. 30, 

!905. , , 

Forbes, Gen. Sir John, g.c.b. (aged 89). -July 6. 
Galbraith, Maj.-Gen. Sir William, k.c.b— Oct. 15. 
Gallwey, Lt.-Gen. Sir Thos. Lionel Jno., k.c.m.g. 

(aged 84).— April 12. 
Gatacre. Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm. Forbes, k.c.b., d.s.o.— 

March 5. 

Godson, Sir Augustus Fredk., Kt. Bach.- Oct. 11. 
■Goldsworthy.Lady, widow of Sir R. T. Goldsworthy, 

k.c.m.g —Ma rch 30, 
/>av, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. Gray, Kt. Bach.— 

Sept. 7. 

Grenfell, Vice-Adm, Sir H. Tremenheere, k.c.b.— 
Feb. 19. 

Griffith, Lady, widow of Sir W. B- Griffith, k.c.m.g. 
—July 1. 

Harwood, Sir Jno. Jos.. Kt. Bach.— April 15, 
Helder, Sir Augustus, Kt. Bach.— March 31. 
Howard, Sir Richd. Nicholas, Kt. Bach.— Nov. 25, 
1905. 

Hunter, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. W. Hunter, k.c.s.i. 
—July 20. 

J ebb, Prof. Sir Richd., o.m., Kt. Bach., m.p.— 
Dec. 9, 1903. 



Jenkins, Col. Sir Fras. Howell, k.c.b.— June 6. 
Johnson, Gen. Sir Chas. Cooper, g.c.b.— Dec. 7, 1905. 
Kershaw, Lady, widow of Sir Louis A. Kershaw, 

Kt. Bach.— Dec. 25, 1905. 
Knollys, Sir C. Courtnay, k.c.m.g— Dee. 16, 1905. 
Knox, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir R. II. Knox, k.c.b. 

—Oct. 2. 

Langevin, Hon. Sir Hector Louis, k.c.m.g., c.b.— 
June 11. 

Macartney, Sir Halliday, k.c.m.g.— June 8. 
M'Causland, Lady, widow of Sir R. B. M'Causland, 

Kt. Bach— Jan. 29. 
M'Kenna, Sir Jos. Neale," Kt. Bach, (aged 87).— 

Aug. 15. 

Macnaghten, Lady, widow of Sir Steuart Mac- 

naghten.— Nov. 2. 
Macpherson, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Henry Mac- 

pherson, k.c.b., "S^.— Jan. 2. 
Marsh, Sir William Henry, k.c.m.g.— July 21. 
Martin, Sir T. Acquin, Kt. Bach.— April 29. 
Miller, Sir Gordon Wm., k.c.b— April 24. 
Milward, Sir Christopher Annakin, Kt. Bach.— 

Feb. 2. 

Moncrieff, Col. Sir Alexander, k.c.b , f.r.s — Aug. 3. 
Morgan, Sir Walter, Kt. Bach, (aged 85).— Oct. 28. 
Morton, Lt.-Gen. Sir Gerald, k.ci.k., c.v.o., c.b.— 
April 20. 

Murphy, Lady, widow of Sir Fras. Murphy (aged89). 
— Jan. 27. 

Nathan, Lady, wife of Sir Nathaniel Nathan, Kt. 

Bach— Sept. 6. 
Newdigate, Lady, wife of Lt.-Gen. Sir H. R. L. 

Newdigate, k.c.b.— March 19. 
O'Brien, Sir Geo. T. Michael, k.c.m.g.— April 12. 
Ommanney, Lady, widow of Adm. Sir Erasmus 

Ommanney, k.c.b. (aged 80).— Sept. 1. 
Palmer, Sir Elwin Mitford, k.c.b., k.c.m.g— Jan. 28. 
Patterson, Sir Robt. Lloyd, Kt. Bach.— Jan. 29. 
Peile, Sir J as. Braithwaite, k.c.s.i.— April 25. 
Pemberton, Lady, wife of Sir E. L. Pemberton, 

K.c b.~ Jan. 5. 
Pile, Sir Geo. Clarke, Kt. Bach, (aged 8o).-April28. 
Pink, Sir William, Kt. Bach.— Jan. 12. 
Rawson, Lady, wife of Adm. Sir H. H. Rawson. — 

k.c.b.— Dec. 3, 1905. 
Richardson, Sir Thomas, Kt. Bach— May 22. 
Robinson, Lady, widow of Sir Thos. Robinson, Kt. 

Bach.— March 2. 
Rogers, Lt.-Gen. Sir Robt. Gordon, k.c.b.— Nov. 8.— 

Widowclied Nov. 19. 
Ross, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Campbell Ross, k.c.b. 

—May 31. 

Saunders, Lady, widow of Sir Edwin Saunders.— 
Aug. 9. 

Schomberg, Lady, wife of Gen. Sir G. A. Schomberg, 

k.c.b.— April 1. 
Smyth, Gen. Sir Hy. Augustus, k.c.m.g. (aged 80).— 

Sept. 18. 

Stewart, Lady, widow of Sir R. P. Stewart, Mus.D. 
Nov. 4. 

Stirling, Gen. Sir William, k.c.b.— April 11. 
Strickland, Lady, widow of Sir Edwd. Strickland, 

k.c.b.— Jan. 12. 
Tangye, Sir Richard, Kt. Bach.— Oct. 14. 
Thoinpson, Sir Jaincs, Kt. Bach.— June 8. 
Thorburn, Hon. Sir P.obert, k.c.m.g.— April 12. 
Thuillier, Gen. Sir Henry E. Landor, Kt. Bach., 

c.s.i. (aged 92).— May 6. 
Vaughan, Sir James, Kt. Bach, (aged 92)— May 20. 
Wade, Sir Willoughby Fras., Kt. Bach.-jT/n/y 28. 
Wellcslev, Lady, widow of Adm. Sir Geo. G. 

Wellesley, g.c.b. (aged 89).— Jan. 9. 
Wills, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Alf. Wills, p.c, 

Kt. Bach— Feb. 5. 
Wood, Lady, widow of Sir C. Alex. Wood, Kt. Bach. 

(aged 89).— Jan. 29. 
Woodhead, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Woodhead, Kt. 

Bach.— March 24. 



Knights' Companions. 

In addition to the above, the names of seventy- 
seven Companions of the various Orders of Knight- 
hood must also be included. 



xvi 



ABBREVIATIONS OCCURRING IN THIS WORK. 



A.A.G., Assistant Adjutant-General. 
A.D.C., Aide-de-Camp. 
A.G., Adjutant-General. 

A.I.C.E., A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. (Memb.) Inst. Civ.Engrs. 

A.M.S., Army Medical Staff. 

A.Q.M.G., Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

A. S.C., Army Service Corps. 

B. C.L., Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.C.S., Bengal Civil Service. 
B.D., Baclieior of Divinity. 
Bn., Baron. 

Bomb. S.C., Bombay Staff Corps. 
Bp., Bishop. 

B. S.C., Bengal Staff Corps. 

C. B., Companion of the Bath. 
C.C., County Council. 

C.E., Civil Engineer. 

Chmn., Chairman. 

C.I.. Crown of India (Order of). 

C.I.E., Companion of Indian Empire. 

C.I.V., City Imperial Volunteers. 

C.M.G., Companion of St. Michael and St. George. 

C.M.S., Church Missionary Society. 

Cmttee., Committee.' 

Com., Commander. 

Commissi'. , Commissioner. 

Commssn., Commission. 

Comsry., Commissary. 

Cons., Consul or Consulting. 

C.S., Civil Service. 

C.S.I., Companion of the Star of India. 

C. V.O., Commander of Royal Victorian Order. 

D. , Buke. 

D.A.G., Deputy Adjutant-General. 

D.C.L., Doctor of Civil Law. 

Dep., Deputy. Dept., Department. 

Dir., Director. 

D.L., Deputy Lieutenant. 

D. Litt., Doctor of Literature. 

D.Sc, Doctor of Science. 

D. S.O., Distinguished Service Order. 

E. , Earl. 

Engr., Engineer. 

F. C.S., Bellow of the Chemical Society. 
F.G.S., Fellow of the Geological Society. 

E. K.Q.C.P., Bell, of King and Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 
P.L.S., Fellow of the Liimean Society. 

F. R.A.S., Bellow of the Royal Astronom. Society. 
B.R.C.I., Bellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. 
F.R.C.S., Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. 
F.R.O.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh ; R R.C.S.I., of Ireland. 
F.R.C.V.S., Fellow of Rov. Coll. of Vet. Surgeons. 
F.R.G.S., Fellow of the Royal Geograph. Society. 
F.R.H.S., Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 
F.R.I. B.A., Fellow of the Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects. 
F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society. 

F.R.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 
F.R.S.L., Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. 
F.R.S.S., Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
F.S.A., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F. Z.S., Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B., Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 
G.C.H., Knight Grand Cross of Hanover. 
G.C.I.E., Knight Gd. Commander Indian Empire. 
G.C.M.G., Kt. (id. Cross St. Michael and St. George. 
G.C.S.I., Knight Grand Commander Star of India. 
G.C.V.O., Knight Gd. Cross Royal Victorian Order. 
G.M.B., Great Master of the Bath. 

G. M.P., Grand Master of St. Patrick similarly 
G.M.I.E., G.M.M.G., and G.M.S.I. 

II.E., His Excellency. 

H. E.I.C.S., Hon. Fast India Company's Service. 
II. G.I). II., His rilcrl Grand Ducal Highness. 

II. II.. His [Her] Highness. 

ir.T.11., His [Her] Imperial Highness, 

H.I.M., His [Her] Imperial Majesty. 

Also -aftds., afterwards ; appd., appointed ; b., 



H. S.H., His [Her] Serene Highness. 

I. A., Indian Army. 
I.C.S., Indian Civil Service. 
I.M.S., Indian Medical Service. 

I.S.C., Indian Staff Corps (now Ind. Army). 

I.S.O., Impei'ial Service Order. 

I.W., Isle of Wight. 

K.C., King's Counsel. 

K.C.B., Knight Commander of the Bath. 

K.C.H., Knight Commander of Hanover. 

K.C.I.E., Knight Commander of Indian Empire. 

K.C.M.G., ditto of St. Michael and St. George. 

K. C.S.I. , Knight Commander of the Star of India. 

K.C.V.O., ditto of Royal Victorian Order. 

K.G., Knight of the Garter. 

K.H., Knight of Hanover (not a "Sir"). 

K.P., Knight of St. Patrick. 

K.T., Knight of the Thistle. 

Kt. Bach., Knight Bachelor. 

L.C.C., London County Council. 

L.I., Light Infantry. 

L.K.Q.C.P., Licentiate, &c. (see M.K.Q.C.P.). 
LL.B., Bachelor of Laws ; LL.D., Doctor of do. 
LL.M., Master of Laws. 

L.R.C.P., Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. 
L.S.A., Licentiate of Society of Apothecaries. 
L.S.B., London School Board. 
M.. Marquess. 

M.B.. Bachelor of Medicine ; M.D., Doctor of do. 

M.E.C., Member of Executive Council. 

M.I.C.E., Member of Inst, of Civil Engineers. 

M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., do. Electr. and Mechan. Engrs. 

M.K.Q.C.P., Memb. of King & Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

M.L.A., Member of Legislative Assembly. 

M.L.C., ditto Council. 

M.R.A.S., Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.P., Member of Royal College of Physicians. 

M.R.C.S., Member of Royal College of Surgeons. 

M.R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 

M.R.I.A.. Member of Royal Irish Academy. 

M.S.C., Madras Staff Corps. 

Mus.D. [B.], Doctor [Bachelor] of Music. 

M.V.O., Member of Royal Victorian Order. 

N.I., Native Infantry. 

N.S., Nova Scotia. 

N.S.W., New South Wales. 

N.W.P.[T.], North West Provinces [Territory]. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 

O.M., Order of Merit. 

P. (inP.R.S. &c), President— see F.R.S..R.A., &c. 

P.C., Privy Councillor. 

Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy. 

Q.C., Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M.G., Quartermaster-General. 

Q.S., Quarter Sessions. 

R.A., Royal Artillery or Royal Academy. 

R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music. 

R.A.M.C., Roy. Army Medical Corps. 

R.E., Royal Engineers. 

R.H.A., Roy. Horse Artill. or Roy. Hibern. Acad. 

R.I. A., Royal Irish Academy. 

R.M.A., Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I., Royal Marine Lt. Infantry. 

R.N., Royal Navy ; R.N.R., do. Reserve. 

R.R.C., Royal Red Cross. 

R.S.A., Royal Scottish Academician. 

R.S.O., Railway Sub-office. 

S.P.G., Society for Propagation of the Gospel. 

Sup t . , S u peri 1 1 tendent . 

T.R.H., Their Royal Highnesses. 

V., Viscount. 

V.A , Victoria and Albert (Order of). 
"KflT, Victoria Cross. 
V.D., Voluuteer Olliccrs' Decoration. 
W.S., Writer to the Signet. 
Y.M.C.A., Young Men's Christian Association, 
bom; cons., oonseorated ; cr., created; d., died; 



el., elected ; mar. or mrrd., married ; ord., ordained (deacon) ; pres., presumptive or present ; prev., 
previously; q.v. {quod vide), "which see" (a common form of reference) ; rem., removed ; res., resigned ; 
ret., retired _; sue, succeeded ; surv., surviving ; with others needless to cite. The common French word 
nie (bom) is used to denote the maiden name of a married lady ; the masculine ni is occasionally 
employed of a gentleman who has since adopted some other surname. De jure, " by right." 



WH {TAKER'S PEERAGE. 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE SOVEREIGN. 

The ( Kingdom, its Rulers, and Their Titles.— An English Sovereign ia now 
Sovereign of the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not always 
been the case : in Scotland the sovereignty was not amalgamated till 1603 and the 
countries with their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in Ireland the country was first 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. Eor three centuries from the Plantagenet times the English Kings were styled 
"Lords of Ireland;" Henry the Eighth was the first to substitute the title of King; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801. 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the first and third 
succeeded him as the Fourth George and William. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, our late Queen, 
who, by the law of succession, took precedence of the fifth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth by Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther ; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his own Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Third Edward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded her late Majesty from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at the fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia. — The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
j stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spurs. Of the crowns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, the Heraldic, Queen Victoria's, 
and King Edward's. The last of these, however, is practically identical with the second, 
and to avoid confusion between "King Edward" and " Saint Edward," we shall in the 
further portions of this Introduction designate the form of crown worn by our present 
Sovereign by the older term " Heraldic," and for the same reason we shall apply the 
word "Imperial "to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King Edward's 
Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting "arches" rising sharply from 
their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward's Crown has 
these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rose almost perpendicularly 
to the bend, at which they were nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
the miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by her late Majesty. The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward's 
Crown, which was - so called from a supposed resemblance (though a very remote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 
and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upper 
rim of its principal circle entirely even, whilst those of the Victoria and King Edward's 



C 



2 



Crowns are wrought into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rim four 
crosses-pattee alternating With four fleurs-de-lis — the former ornaments denoting the 
Sovereign's religious headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion. 
The crown in each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every part with a blaze of 
jewels. The four crosses-pattee are frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe 
incorrectly* their limbs not being cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind 
the crosses, and above their intersecting point over the crown of the head is a miniature of 
the "orb" to be presently described — both arches and ball being completely overlaid 
with jewellery. The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds 
(brilliant, rose, or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including 
one stated to have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was 3II). 3J0Z. troy, and we 
read that a crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something over 7lb., whilst 
even that of George the Fourth weighed silb. 

Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the 
French monde, so that the idea of a ivorld-wide domination is implied equally by either 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up the entire device to a 
height of 11 inches. The globular portion 'is of gold, and is engirt with a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres— the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal Sceptre, 
2| ft. in length, borne in the King's right hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb 
pretended to contain wood from the true Cross), over 4|ft. in length, carried before the 
King in the coronation procession ; and the Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, 3! ft. 
in length, placed in the King's left hand : these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished 
by a "mound," from which the dove, when there is one, appears to spring. The Queen 
Consort has also her Sceptre with the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of 
these being known also as the Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it 
is girded on to the Sovereign at his coronation, and this was done even in the case of 
Queen Anne, but Victoria, who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by 
having it placed in her hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign 
at this ceremony, but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword 
of Mercy (called, like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, "Curtana"), an 
unpointed weapon ; the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather 
obtusely ; and the Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp- pointed. Finally- 
come the Spurs, called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), which 
are without rowels, but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. 
The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was not among those figuring in 
the late ceremony. The Bracelets have been wholly discontinued, but their Latin 
name " Armillee " has been confused with the " Armil " or Stole, which is called 
" Armilla " in the Gazette account of the late coronation. Other royal insignia or ac- 
cessories of that ceremony may be thus described : 

The Coronation Chair or St. Edward's Chair (distinct from both the Recognition Chair and the 
Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to have been made in the reign of Edward the First, who had 
brought from Scotland the sacred Inauguration Stone, and had it embedded beneath the seat of this 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartz, but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in inches 26 x 16$ x ioi ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
( where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, whom he sent to Ireland with an army), 
and before even this it was said to have come from Egypt— in fact, it was the identical stone used by 
Jacob l'or a pillow ! Another story represents it to have been hauled up out of the sea, in the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailors of Simon Brek himself . Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
knocked all this nonsense on the head, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been 
almost certainly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The Ampul la, called also the Golden Eagle, is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its wings 
outspread, its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw off for reception of the oil, some 6oz., 
which is poured out through the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Virgin to St. Thomas a Beckct, who gave it in charge to a monk of Foictiers, who again secreted it— with 
other similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a church at that place, whence they came 
into the hands of the Black Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Anointing Oil is now pure olive ; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or 
cream. It is consecrated previous to the ceremony. In an account of Queen Anne's coronation we read 
that the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine linen or fine 
Lombart wool." 

The Anointing Spoon is of pure gold with four pearls in the broadest part of the handle and finely 
chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appear to be very ancient. Its length is about 10 ins., 
the bowl 2* ins. 

The Colobium Sindonis is a sleeveless garment of fine white linen, worn by Kings only. This is the 
first of the garments to be put on after the anointing, and it corresponds to the alb of a priest. The 
Supertunica, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of rich cloth of gold with purple 



Relatives of the Sovereign. 



3 



embroidered tissue. A "girdle" used iii the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, At mil, or 
Armilla. Lastly the Dalmatic Robe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 
loosely over the shoulders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles. 

The Ruby Ring, which has been styled by some " the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
the back a large violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 26 diamonds : it is jointed 
like a bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to this ornament also. King 
Edward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " fayre old man," to whom, 
having nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
to lose their way in the Holy Land, where "there came to them a fayre ancient man, wyth whyte heer for 
age," Having learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and . . . brought 
theynl in the ryghte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was, and sayd, ' I am Johan the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng, that I grete him well 
by the token that he gaff to me thys rynge with his own handes, whych rynge ye shalle delyver to hym 
agayne;' and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym sodenly."— Golclene 
Legende, p. 187. 

The lung's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into Westminster Hall and 
challenging any gainsayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir W. Dugdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Marmion, in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the extinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Dymoke, by one of whose 
descendants, "Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the last Coronation, when the decision of the 
Court of Claims against the application must be regarded as the extinction of the office itself. 

i Accession of a New Sovereign. — From the time of Henry the Eighth it has been 
a recognised constitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
heir becomes his already constituted successor. A meeting of the Privy Council is 
the first procedure, and Parliament is also summoned, the Commons being no longer 
subject to immediate dissolution as was the case previous to the Reform Act of 1867. 
The Councillors, Lords, and Commons are all re-sworn, and public proclamation is 
made of the accession of the new Sovereign, followed by notices of his having taken the 
oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, of his own choice of title, and 
of the continuance in their posts of persons in civil or military employment. A state 
procession on the next day, from St. James's Palace to the City, makes further an- 
nouncement of the change of ruler. For further details, with a full account of the 
Coronation itself , we must refer to our issues of 1903 and 1904. The Coronation Oath, 
it may be well to state, consists in a sworn affirmative response to each of the following 
questions : 

Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the people of this United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament agreed 
on, and the respective laws and customs of the same?— Will you to your power cause law and justice, in , 
mercy, to be executed in all your judgments?— Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws- 
of God, the true profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? 
And will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, 
worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England ? And will you preserve 
unto the bishops and clergy of England, and to the Church therein committed to their charge, all such 
rights and privileges as by law do or shall appertain to them, or any of them ? 

RELATIVES OF THE SOVEREIGN. 
The Queen-Consort. — When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a variety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The ecclesiastic charged with the office of crowning her is the Archbishop 
of York. The Queen-Consort's Crown, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 
"the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Dowager. — This royal lady, of whom the last example was Queen 
Adelaide, widow of William the Fourth, remains in most respects in the same position 
as when she was Queen-Consort, but it is no longer high treason, as it then was, to con- 
spire her death. No man can marry her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, 
but she does not forfeit her royalty by marriage with a subject. 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attached any 
special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman can 
receive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
three examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
though the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
most rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
quitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 



4 



Introduction. 



for years been known simply as "Prince Albert," received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Royal Highness." 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne, constitutes the third example. 

The Heir to the Throne. — This Royal personage is styled " the Heir 
Apparent" if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is "presumed " that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. For the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Prince of Wales.— The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) son of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth ; hence the delay which occurred in the present instance. He is by 
right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, 
Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward or Seneschal of 
Scotland, also Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the Sovereign's pleasure he is created 
by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, the patent testifying that he is con- 
firmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the girding on of a sword, the delivering 
of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring on his finger and a golden staff in his 
hand, according to custom," all at the hands of his royal parents ; the additional titles 
of Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, borne (in either the mascu- 
line or feminine form) alike by King Edward when Prince and his royal brothers 
and sisters, are an inheritance from their father and descend also to the children of His 
Majesty's brothers. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority 
in his case does not count, though, by the present King, his seat as Prince was not 
taken until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent 
a son of his own will naturally succeed to his titles, but that of Duke of Cornwall 
cannot be borne by the son of a Prince of Wales who has died whilst such : thus George 
the Third never held the title. But a brother can succeed thereto, being the eldest 
surviving son of a King, as was ultimately decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and 
Charles the First, and so with the present Prince, though no possible son of the late Duke 
of Clarence could have held it. The title, however, has been dormant more than once, 
and Richard the Second received it by a new creation. On the other hand, Sir H Nicolas 
notes six Royal Princes born Dukes of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales, 
namely, Kings Henry and Edward the Sixth, two sons (besides this latter) of Henry 
the Eighth (who died at birth or in infancy), an infant son of Charles the First, and 
the " Old Pretender," to whom, however, some do assign the title. This title of Prince 
of Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince " free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs ; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in every 
instance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above string of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally passed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in supplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that "Carrick" is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in *ound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the Crown, 
was when extant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland ; in fact, "Knight 
of St. Patrick " is the heir's only distinctively Irish honour, and the Duke of Cumber- 
land is the only member of the Royal Family who has an Irish peerage. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's Feathers, consisting of three ostrich plumes, customarily figured 



Royal Family — The Peerage and its Degrees. 



5 



as drooping, though in 1878 this form was abandoned for the older one in which the 
feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of these is an antique coronet, 
pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for "I serve ) 
— both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black Prince from the head of the 
King of Bohemia, who was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's Crown except 
that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb),; and is of gold 
without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a gold lace above it that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Peincess Royal. — The Sovereign's eldest daughter bears this title, so that it now 
accrues to the Princess Louise, Duchess of Pife, whose reception of it was, however, 
deferred till November, 1905. The law hedges her about as a possible successor to the 
throne, but this privilege extends to no younger Prince or Princess. Her coronet is like 
that of her royal sisters as below. 

Remainder op the Royal Family. — Younger daughters enjoy no special precedence 
like the preceding, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when they enter the House of 
Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales (of course we are speaking in a 
general way, not of present conditions). Their seats in that House are to the left 
of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of the Sovereign, they are converted from 
sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. 
This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
according to the dates of their patents alone : this is at the present time the case with 
the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of "Royal Highness" is due to his father 
having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence — that father, being 
a King's grandson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uncles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated "Royal 
Highness,"and the latter term is bestowed also upon grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sons, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of "the Blood," and, in common with 
grandchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as ' ' Highness " only, though the 
husbands of those daughters of ten receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. Those 
of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-pattee, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 

THE PEERAGE AND ITS DEGREES. 

General Remarks. — The rules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complications that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed. 
All Peers of England are Peers of Parliament, and have been such from the creation of 
their titles, except in those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. In 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peerages of equally long standing, and upon the succes- 
sive Unions of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
Imperial titles and summoned to the House of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes only variations in 
rank — as " Baron A." in place of " Earl of A.," or Earl instead of Marquess, at vice versa 
—the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
. (which they most frequently are, but with numerous exceptions), the respective Peers' 
ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term ' ' Imperial " is convenient 



Introduction. 



as covering three variation entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to June 20, 1707, are classed as " Peers of England" and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of i8oo_ all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland were called " Peers of Great Britain ; " and 
creations from the 1st of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as "Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages of older date than the Union which had become extinct— a 
function which had been dropped by her Jate Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Pathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived in the case of Baron Curzon of Kedleston, to allow of his returning to the House 
of Commons instead of entering the Lords (see immediately below). One apparent 
exception to the exclusion of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case 
of the Elected Representative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by 
their native titles, but do not hold them as hereditary members— those of Ireland as Life 
Peers, and those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further 
under " Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottish Peer ; but an Irish Peer who has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself (such election, however, would 
involve his being summoned to any royal function as an M.P. and not a Peer). Viscount 
Palmerston, so long member for Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent 
ones have been afforded by Lords Eermoy, Kensington, Muncaster, Dunsany, and the 
Earl of Cavan, and we have one at present in Viscount Valentia. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 
quesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a rule without this word. 
But to this rule there are exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, in spite of identity 
with the family name (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles Ashburnham, 
Cholmondeley, Coventry, Craven, Graham (Marquess, not Earl), Lytton, and Onslow, 
whilst it is omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, Brownlow, 
Camden, Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Eerrers, Manvers, MountCashell, Sondes, 
Strange, Temple of Stowe, and Winterton. A caution must also be observed as to 
assuming too readily that a local title gives the place of the Peer's principal residence or 
other connection ; for though this has usually been originally the case yet there have been 
numerous changes of location, and in particular there appears to have been a special 
fancy in the Irish Peerage for selecting a title which was, or would appear to be, 
English or Scottish, though perhaps chosen from some obscure Irish village of identical 
name — as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Eife, Kensington, Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of 
which titles are of Irish creation, though some of the Peers bearing them have since 
had Imperial titles also conferred. The following is a revised list of all the titles in use 



of Marquesses and Earls which omit the 



in modern practice 



Marqukssks. 
Camden 
Conyngtiam 
Douro 
Townshend 

Earls. 
Amherst 
Anncsley 



Batliurst 

Baanchamp 

Brooko 

Brownlow 

Brace 

Cadogan 

Cairns 

Carrington 

Castlestewart 



Catlicart 
Cawdor 
Compton 
Cowley 
l)c Grey 
Be La YVavr 
Egerton of T. 
Ferrers 

Fife (Irish title) 



Fitzwilliam 

Fortescue 

Gowcr 

Graham 

Granville 

Grey 

Grosvenor 

Howe 

Innes 



Jcrmyn 

Manvers 

MomitCashell 

Nelson 

Percy 

l'oulett 

Roberts 

llussell 

Sondes 



Spencer 

Stanhope 

Strange 

Talbot 

Temple of S. 

Vane 

Waldegrave 
Winterton 



Descent or succession of nobility commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for whilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, and in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher Peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
female descent except in the two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of whom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into abeyance^'' fqr which subject see below in the third 



The Peerage and its Degrees. 7 

paragraph under "Barons." A somewhat similar exercise of the prerogative to that 
by which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 
"House of Lords," of summoning to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. The succession to different titles is likely to perplex the novice, who 
finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom lapsed 
but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." There may be "limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though " extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general," or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term is "heirs male general"); or a 
"special remainder" may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But 
the ordinary law is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former bearer 
of the same. Of course the direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a son to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his son or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heir, then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late Baron had been created an Earl, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special" or "general "remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one who was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a few patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may be 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if the Peerage 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires. 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the House of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belonging to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not compelled) to attend, when each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the Royal Gallery, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
white rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts were called in to give advice 
in the case of legal difficulties, and about two hundred members of the House of Peers 
sat as both judges and jury, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon their 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this will have been the last. In cases of misde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tried by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinary 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
not liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
the Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Forester there is, moreover, 
attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated with exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order— availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Ferrers— -if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edward the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason, 
it annuls the title for ever (unless restored) ; but if only for felony, then if the title was 



8 



Introduction. 



granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case 

of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a I 
descendant through a collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue 
came to an end ; but if the peerage was held by letters-patent the attainder would 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be 

met with in the Dikectory of an attainder being removed by Act of Parliament; and L 

then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities as to how many |i 
Peers of the title there have been. 

The arms of all Peers contain "supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical I 

figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, I 

not "as Baronets," we are told, but the exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland | 
rather the rule ; even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. 

Dukes. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been I 

primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl ; but its first I 

employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of Edward the I 

Third, when the Black Prince, who was already Earl of Chester, though not as yet m\ 

Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. In English usage it is thus less ancient t 

than either Earl or Baron, though the military term "Dux " was common even among I 

the Anglo-Saxons, whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke 1 1 

(indeed, it is remarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for m 

the tardiness of its adoption in England, they being reluctant to accord to their subjects li; 

a title making these seem equal with themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was phi 

the next creation, and others followed, though so sparingly that when in 1572 the Duke 1 

of Norfolk was executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was | w t, 

speedily revived, however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Richmond Ml 

and Buckingham were created in 1623; whilst Charles the Second restored with full | B 

precedence the attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles I 

in the English Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and 1 |ja- 

Peer; the Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier Duke of Scotland, and the Duke of ■ 

Leinster (1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are I 

— 22 Imperial (besides Princes of the Blood Royal), 7 Scottish (besides the heir to the 1 Hi 

throne), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created by the ceremony of girding on a I I 

sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. They are now, like Peers j lli 

generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled in official language " Most II 

Noble," but conventionally and more commonly " His Grace ; " in very formal style h\ 

he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and Noble Prince," and by the II 

Sovereign, "Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin," adding "and II 

Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," according to Blackstone, 11 1 

began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in some way with every § j 

Earl in the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the others, Barons only I 
excepted. 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over |j| : 

a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger II 

Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- Kg 

berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, f 1 

as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white 1 

taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- I 

zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold I 

lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives I 

place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, I 

the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver I 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same 

occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of which is furred with miniver five I 

inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black I 

ermine: train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet is a miniature of the Duke's j 
(page 14). 

A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore I 
follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

* Ermine takes its name from the ermine weasel, which in winter is pure white with the exception of the black 
tips of the tail : these tips are used to form the variegations in the regular ermine as well as the dark bars. 
Miniver is strictly the pure white fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied to 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. 



The Peerage and its Degrees. 



9 



he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq. 



second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," arid once (Somerset) only " Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only " Bight Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
1 A Duke's younger sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never taking the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word "Lord "to their Christian names. So a Duke's 
daughters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
. ness, " and rank after these and the wives of Dukes' eldest sons ; whilst if a Duke's 
. daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Maequesses. — The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Richard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of 
Dublin, when the King performed the ceremony of girding a sword to his side and 
placing a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made the 
Earl of Somerset Marquess of Dorset ; but no further instance occurs till the reign of 
Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from Marchio, a title previously 
employed in the description of both Earls and Barons, especially of those who were 
" Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The French 
form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means gone 
out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in Thoms's ' Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption 
as a travelling-title — which it must be confessed is rather a reason for wishing it abolished 
than for proving it to be wrong: indeed, in old usage we have met with the form 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marquis." We have, however, both here 
and in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the more favoured form 
with the upper circles. The German title corresponding to it is MarJcgraf, which 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which 
happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; 
but in the year 1532 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Poll of Marquesses so styled, is premier 
in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged in the Leinster dukedom, 
has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 23 Imperial Mar- 
quesses, 4 Scottish, and 10 Irish. The style of a Marquess is "Most Honourable," 
not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under "Dukes"). 

As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called " pearls "), slightly raised on points (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry -leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller; her robe has three and a half bars of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, whilst the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 

A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of "Dukes" applies here also. 
See, for all degrees, the "Table of Precedency " and "Eorms of Addressing." 

Earls. — This degree is much older than either of the preceding, as well as much more 
numerous. Blackstone says that "Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin 
cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much seems tolerably certain, that among the 
Saxons they were called Ealdormen, quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior^ or 
Senator among the Romans : and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil 
government of a several division or shire. On the irruption of the Danes they changed 
the name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their language. 
In Latin they are called Comites from being the King's attendants. . , . After the 




io Introduction. 



Norman conquest they were called Counts* or Coxintecs from the French ; but they did not J 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires are from them called counties to 
this day." This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon | 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans with simply an altered 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriators who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the 
Third "Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only dignities existing 
in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest rank of nobility then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by j 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two jjj 
or perhaps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons — within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. A 
lower order was made Earl of a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denarium or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst in 
Scotland and Ireland the proportion is larger still — in Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quite so 
disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are — Imperial 125 (1 female), Scottish 45, Irish 62. "For many centuries," says Sir Harris |i 
Nicolas,f "earldoms have always been conferred by letters-patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of creating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in this country, 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of | 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Roll the Earl of Shrewsbury and I 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish jjj 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year 1100, being given precedence 1 
of 1404 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1228), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl upon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland L 
we have been directed to the earldom of Karrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde mar- j 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a believer in its genuineness, can find no proof as j i 
to when such title was conferred, and thus the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) Ij 
must stand first in antiquity (1316), whilst the Earl of Waterford (1446), who is also 
Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, f 
and Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
Sovereign, " Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under ' ' Dukes "). "! 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of any other r 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden rays which reach to the jj! 
top of the cap and have small golden strawberry-leaves alternating between them. His 
mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine, &c. A f 
Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of ermine, \ 
a miniver edging three inches in breadth, and a train a yard and a half on the ground. !1 

An Earl's eldest son is "born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that i' 
courtesy-title; but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected. 
Younger sons are esteemed as equal to Barons, but all daughters as Viscountesses ; these 
latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
(though only a part of that unfair elevation of daughters over all sons but the eldest 
which runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies" and 
"Right Honourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables." i " 
Again see at the conclusion of "DukGs" and under "Peers by Courtesy "and "Addressing." M 1 



* The title "Count" is nqw purely honorary in France. 

t As the name of this learned 1; era Id is liable to be misspelt we may observe that its coiTsct awl complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (familiarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," as Hood calls him in ' Miss Kilmansegg '). 




The Peerage and its Degrees. 



1 1 



Viscounts. — This degree, like that of Marquesses, has been but sparingly conferred, 
though its numbers have been almost exactly doubled during the past quarter of a 
century. The word, however, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-comes, 
Earl's Deputy or Sheriff, which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal 
application in France ; but its first employment as designating a rank in the English 
nobility was in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated John, Lord Beaumont, to the title of 
Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the succession to 
heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been the one usually observed in 
the creation of any Peer. Twice the degree became extinct, but it was finally revived 
in 1550 by the elevation of Baron Ferrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor being 
now the Premier English Viscount. In Ireland this degree is proportionally more 
numerous than in England, there being now 37 to English 41, the premier being Viscount 
Gormanston (1478) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it numbers but four (now that that of 
Strathallan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falkland (1620) for premier 
upon the Boll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Earl of Mar and Kellie, as holder of the 
premier viscounty. At first a viscounty was simply the advancement of a barony, and then 
its superior accompaniment ; but modern Viscounts have usually no second title, though 
exceptions do crop up as in the creation in 1900 of Viscount Ridley, who is also Baron 
Wensleydale. It is stated in ' The Book of the Court ' that any English Premier on 
retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice it would be far better to say this of every 
Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the Premiers of the nineteenth century, we 
note three who were made Earls, one a Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired 
without any advancement, the remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon 
entering office. A Viscount is designated by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and 
well-beloved cousin." This form does not extend to Barons. 

The insignia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls (this 
is the number enjoined at coronations, but fourteen may often be found in books) ; 
and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine {i.e. three on the right side 
and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son &nd his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no definite equivalent, now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsolete, but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title " Honourable." 

Barons. — The word "Baron" is supposed by some to have been derived from the 
Celtic Ber or Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural 
Barones). The Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegncs or " Thanes," and these terms, 
as well as the later one " Baron," were employed, both for ecclesiastics and laymen, to 
designate those men of rank who were about the King. "Baron " came thus, for a long 
period, to be prefixed to the names of saints (e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), and after it 
" Monsieur " was similarly used down to the fifteenth century : in France the nobles 
would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of "Baron," and we read that the family 
of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la Chretiente." A Thane 
under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required to possess "fully five 
hides of his own land," together with a church, a "borough-gate" where he could dis- 
pense justice on the Scripture model, and a " kitchen and bell-house " for the exercise of 
hospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. The Normans 
either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule that Ave come 
to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure in the history 
of this degree. 

These were the Barons by Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
of them were leading citizens, they were as distinctly subordinated to the Earls of their 
respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordinate to themselves. But 
this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons " was used conventionally for 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montfort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as " Simon <\e 
Montfort with other Barons," though in the same sentence he speaks of the " Ear}s and 
Barons of the realm of England." And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 



1 2 Introduction. 



immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As . 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were j 
"Barons and Earls" to the King became "Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached 
to each " fee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons 
to the Great Council. But by the time of J ohn many of the Barons had become greatly 
impoverished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the whole of 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into 
Barones Majores and Barones Minores, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. 
These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively by the Sheriff : hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses (accomplished 1332). As yet, 
however, the Lower House was not really established, and the Greater Barons con- 
stituted the only regular Legislature for another half-century. Baronies by Tenure 
have now been long a thing of the past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there had 
been none "for many ages," though there is still an earldom — that of Arundel — which 
is attached to the ducal house of Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel Castle. 

The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted, them were the Barons by Writ. We 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- | ( ) 
self vouchsafed to direct his writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, ^ 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time was \ 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- | 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of L 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, r 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than | 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election, " along with ! | 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each \ 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear # 
to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, | 
and leaving the others to the Sheriff. The still existing Baronies then named are those 
of De Ros, Le Despencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), 
whilst in the line of Oanaoys (q. v.) the first Baron by writ was summoned twelve daysearlier | \\ 
than any of these ; but the validity of them all as to date has been contested, as noted in j 
the Directory under Baron Mowbray. Following this we read of writs of summons p t 
in the nth year of Edward the First (1283), constituting a small number of Barons, fa 
among whom were those of Mowbray and Segrave (titles since united in one noble- ! T ] 
man) ; whilst in the 22nd of the same King there was published a decree commanding | 
some sixty persons " to attend the King wherever he might be, to advise on the affairs, 
of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients Peers of l 
Parliament is by no means clear. In the year that followed, however (June 24, 1295), an 
unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one of its recipients. |, 
The writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony | 
(Blackstonc states that some had supposed two sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas ^ 
shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the lineal heirs both male and 
female. These writs are of the class termed Brcvia clausa, from being " closed up " with j 
yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
are occasionally brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
stated under " General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
or daughter's descendant. In the case of females, primogeniture is disregarded in the 
succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family, nor yet with 
Peers of Scotland; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 
succession not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ; but see under , 

* Mr. Walford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the offoct that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th year of Henry 
the Fjrst) giving the degrees and seats of the Lords and Commons of that year as constituting one united body. 



The Peerage and its Degrees. 



13 



" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more than one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson {i.e. a son of J one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only). Thus the abeyance 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a 
prerogative of the Crown which enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
first co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The succession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by letters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage; in that of a male holding 
no such higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
! and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
! father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any new creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Roll of the Lords, for, 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can 
occur. 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons by Patent. Though a patent is now the only form 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern 
■ innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the 
Second in 1387. From this date for a long period the processes of writ and patent were 
' followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the Great Seal, 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — generally limited to his own heirs male. Up 
to the thirteenth year of James the First the creation by letters-patent was accompanied 
1 by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver ; but in that year it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all there are now 346 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, with 65 Irish, but only 
26 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Roll is that of De Ros 
dating from 1283. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," we find the Duke of Sutherland holding the barony or lordship of 
Strathnaver (1228), whilst Baron Forbes (about 1442) stands first upon the Roll. But 
the oldest barony of all is in the Irish Peerage, where (disregarding that of 
Howth and others which are by tenure only) that of Kingsale stands first upon the 
Roll, though not awarded till 1223 (Sir John de Courcy, the famous English 
champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having received no title of nobility 
whatever). A Baron is conventionally called " Lord." 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
P Baron" in the official titles. On this see further under "Scottish and Irish Peers " 
(page 20). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet — which from the time of Charles the Second 
has been denoted by six silver balls — and the mantle with two bars of black fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and 
daughters without distinction take the designation "Honourable." 

Note on Coeonets and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending 
in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading 
insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be 
chased only. All alike have the cap of velvet, lined with white silk and turned up with 



14 Introduction. 

Spotted ermine (page 8, note). The following are the distinctions among crowns and 
Coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereign— x crosses-pattee and 4 fleurs-de-lis, with 2 arches i 
Prince of Wales— the same with only 1 arch. 
Princes of " Blood Royal "^the saind with no arch: 

Princesses of ditto— 2 crosses-pattee, 2 strawberry-leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 
Princes and Princesses of " the Blood, "^—4 crosses-pattee and 4 stra wberry -leaves 1 
Dukes— 8 strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry-leaves and 4 t£ pearls " (silver balls) slightly mounted. 
Earls— -8 pearls mounted on high golden rays with leaves alternating, 
Viscounts— 16 pearls, not mounted. 
Barons— 6 pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage (as to which see "Insignia' 5 under "Dukes") the 
differences consist in the number of bars or guards of ermine upon those worn on state 
occasions in Parliament, and the corresponding number of rows of ermine-spots upon 
the Coronation robes — Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above 
in loc. ), Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The coronation mantles 
of Peeresses vary thus : 

Duchesses ...—5 inches miniver border, 4 bars ermine, 2 yards train. 
Marchionesses— 4 „ „ „ 3$ „ ,, if „ „ 

Countesses ...—3 „ „ „ 3 ., „ il „ ,, 

Viscountesses —2I „ „ ,, 2* ,, „ i\ ,, „ 

Baronesses ...—2 „ „ ,, 2 „ „ 1 yard ,, 

Archbishops. — The general character of this division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Archbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-seven Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) against ten in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, whilst his colleague follows after 
that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
All England" and "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself "By Divine 
Providence " and the other "By Divine Permission," as do the Bishops. To the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal 
Family, the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that 
" wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners" 
(the Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the First, Edward the Second, Queen 
Mary, and William the Third) ; the Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the 
Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Previous 
to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishop of York crowns the Queen-Consort, and is consti- 
tuted her perpetual chaplain. This Archbishopric is more ancient than that of Canter- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 A. D. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Canterbury, owing to a suggestion from Archbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown 
upon some Scot or Dane! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Your 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state 
that they do not differ from those of Bishops, but the ' Encyclopaedia Britannica ' 
asserts that they rise out (if ducal coronets, though adding that the decoration is 
" without authority : " see at close of "Bishops." 

Bishops. — There are at present thirty-five diocesan Bishops in the English Church 
in addition to the two Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own dioceses. There 
are also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such, do not form a 
part of the Peerage. The twenty-seven sees or dioceses in the Province of Canter- 
bury are : 

Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chichester, Ely, 
Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, London, Norwich, 
Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salis- 
bury, Southwark, Southwell, Truro, Winchester, Worcester. 
The ten of York Province are : 

Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, York. 



The Peerage and its Degrees. 15 

Of these, Birmingham, St. Albans, Southwark, Southwell^ and Truro in the former 
list, and PJpon, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, and Wakefield in the latter, are 
of recent institution, the original total having been twenty^four, in addition to the 
see of Sodor and Man, the occupant of which has still an honorary seat in the House 
of Lords, without a vote or liberty to join in the debates, having his own legislative 
position in the Manx House of Keys. When an increase upon the original twenty-four 
was commenced, it was enacted that new appointees should not sit in the House of 
Lords until vacancies arose among their seniors, the new prelate chosen to fill the vacancy 
being placed in turn at the foot of the junior list, so that the former number of seats in 
the House should never be exceeded.* Thus the newly-created sees rank on f ull equality 
with the old, and a rotation is maintained among their occupants which, except as to the 
statement in the next sentence, follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special 
feature consists in the continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, 
and Winchester, who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. 
In fact, we come to have four classes or series among the thirty-five Bishops : 
I . 1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty-one seniors of the remainder— Peers through seniority. 

3. Ten juniors — awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man — incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given in Whitaker's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that in which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Barons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order — London, Durham, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should " precede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This, section of our work obtained, for its issue in the year 1900, the privilege of high 
ecclesiastical supervision, having been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the 
English Church and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, since elevated 
to the bishopric of Gibraltar. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the 
"diversity between important persons;" the second pronounced that "Bishops are 
Peers of the Realm," and that "all Bishops are Lords Bishops;" whilst the third 
favoured us with the following valuable paper : 

;-: " Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in the Witan, together with the Ealdormen and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Great Council 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the House of Lords. Their 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be 
summoned in like manner as barones, still, however, retaining much of their earlier 
character as sapientes or 'Spiritual Lords of Parliament.' Both characters have been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past — in respect both 
of his barony and of his personal status as Earl Palatine of the County of Durham and 
Prince Bishop— by making his appearance at a review ' in a lay habit of purple, with 
jack boots and his hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

"Upon the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided that the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should be represented in 

* But a Bishop who has once attained the seniority will not forfeit his seat in the Lords though he accepts 
translation to another see that has become vacant. This was exemplified in 1895 on the Bishop of Newcastle 
becoming Bishop of Chichester, and again in 1903 upon another Bishop of Newcastle changing to St. Albans ; yet 
again in 1905 on the Bishop of Worcester going to Birmingham and the Bishop of Rochester to Southwark : the See 
vacated goes in these cases to the foot of the list. 



i6 



Introduction. 



'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of theif 
number chosen 'by rotation of sessions. 5 Of the four Archbiahops one aat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bishoprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes 5 and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, the Irish 
Bishops were excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
precedency is now shared by the lloman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. 

' ' The question whether the Bishops who have seats in Parliament are Peers of the 
Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term 
' Peer ' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
j udgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
exempt from secular jurisdiction on the same grounds. _ These were ecclesiastical 
provisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
privileges of Peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that ' they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
not Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of Peerage which the Bishops once 
possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

"A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
' Lord Bishop, ' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves. 
But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as ' Lord 
Bishop,' and this not by virtue of any special grant — still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be' given to all Bishops at the present day, is 
another question." 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed 
to us the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion 
and practice came out clear beyond mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others we find a gradual shading 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter 
of right is concerned, the title "Lord Bishop" belongs not only to English diocesan 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess 
patents have it therein expressly conveyed ; and even as to the English Bishops 
Suffragan, the plea is advanced that when a small number of these were created in the 
16th century they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to be deduced. There were 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dominus Episcopus " 
was applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their 
address. But now, when the degrees of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, 
we find that this form has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Church still in office have come to be styled " Lords Bishops : " the 
Suffragans are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a | 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actually dis- 
senters from the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expressly answered bur enquiry with, "No, this style is 
happily not customary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclaimer, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
"Lord" where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its omission : one clerical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
address "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an American Missionary or "Foreign" Bishop) 
without being reproved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of j 



The Peerage and its Degrees. 



17 



"Eight Reverend Sir " is beginning to be dropped for the English style. A retired 
Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching to the see and not 
to the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somewhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Eight Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord. " The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but "Bishop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ;" still his personal address 
is "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissary is simply the agent of a Colonial or other prelate. 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our former opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 

Erominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
t e it was) could have laid it down to us that they were Peers of the Realm is something 
incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of thGir office alone, and 
that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves, usually not gaining their seats 
till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels^ them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My .Lord "j as purely 
commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called "Peers 
of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in which it 
might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. This statement must cover even the remark 
attributed to the late Bp. Creighton that he was the holder of a " barony : " the Standing 
Orders of the House of Lords most expressly lay it down that "Bishops are not 
Peers." 

Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdivision of a diocese 
or yielding an unlocalised assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguished by some 
topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
"Nottingham," "Penrith," &c, have disappeared, whilst new titles crop up from year 
to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomalies as 
" Bedford " and " Marlborough " recently in the diocese of London ; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old, thus actually remaining a " Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suffragan to be . consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had been consecrated already (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics in the various dioceses as at present constituted are as follows : 



Canterbury — Dover, Croydon. 
Carlisle — Barrow-in-Furness. 
Durham — Jarrow (or Yarrow). 
Exeter — Crediton. 
Lincoln — Grantham. 

London— Stepney, Islington, Kensington. 
Manchester — Burnley . 
Norwich— Thetford, Ipswich. 
Oxford— T ' ' 



Peterborough — Leicester. 
Eipon — Richmond, Knaresborough. 
St. Albans— Colchester, Barking. 
St. David's— Swansea. 

Southwark— Kingston-on-Thames, "Woolwich. 
Southwell — Derby. 
Truro- St. Germans. 

Winchestei — Guildford, Southampton, Dorking. 
York— Beverley, Hull, Sheffield. 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Bristol, Chester, Chichester, Ely, Lichfield, 
Llandaff, Newcastle, Rochester (from 1905), St. Asaph, Salisbury, _ Sodor and Man, 
Wakefield, or Worcester ; whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there is a Bishop Assistant in 
Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Gloucester, Hereford, and Liverpool. 

Coadjutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
Missionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make _ them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their superiors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere. 

* There were but two or three Suffragan sees actually constituted out of this 26, and upon their holder 
dying out no successors were appointed, so that from 1597 to 1870 the title had no distinctive existence in the 
English Protestant Church. Still, in this Church as in that of Rome, all Bishops not Metropolitans are sometimes 
called Suffragans, and from this circumstance a former correspondent of ' Crockford ' was led to pronounce an 
essential difference between Suffragan Bishops and Bishops Suffragan. We have followed his harmless caution, 
but successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of no practical moment. 



P 



1 8 Introduction. 



A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, and having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Durham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two "orbs." If the Archbishops adopt this style of one of their own subordinates, 
it will surely be generally desired that usage should ere this have supplied them with 
the " authority " said to be lacking. The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating 
in a crook, is still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from 
a crosier) is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage. — Even neglecting the above degrees of Dukes, 
Marquesses, Earls, &c, we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars see the two following divisions) : 

I. The House of Lords. 

I. Peers created. 

(1) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Law Lords). 

(3) Official Peers (Lords Spiritual). 

2 Peers elected 

(1) For Life (Irish Representative Peers). 

(2) For one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 

II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Full Bank. 

(1) Scottish Peers \ Many of these sit in the House of Lords either under Imperial titles or 

(2) Irish Peers J as Representatives. 

2. Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession). 

(2) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles. 

(1) Eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters "). 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and Marquesses' eldest sons. 

(3) Younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons. 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 

(6) Daughters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 



THE HOUSE OF LORDS. 

Classification of Degrees. — The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these are accordingly specified 
separately. Up to the date of our going to Press, the list stands as under : 



Princes of the Blood Royal 

Archbishops 

Dukes 

Marquesses 

Earls 

Viscounts 

Bishops 

Barons (exclusive of Bn. Gardner) . 

Scottish Representative Peers 

Irish ditto 



Hereditary. 
• 3 



Life or a Term. Minors. 



23 
123 

35 



Total. 
3 



12 Minors =618 



Peeresses. 



Forms of Admittance.— The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole 
Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the 
heading of " Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons 
are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions, it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal of England. It 
may almost be added that no new peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
them a right to sit in the House of Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her ; but the 



The House of Lords. 



19 



power of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
have lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters-patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" hear 
the end _ of 'the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 

I son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
title and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the issue of such writs centuries ago, and 

! that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
: issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Representative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 

I informing him of the re-assenibling of the House. 

I > The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
j either to the creation, succession, or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
I King of Arms (or " Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
j place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and 
\. writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
I all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 
j who enjoins that his credentials shall be read ; the oaths are next administered, the writ 

handed over for keeping by the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his 
I seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
I Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
E Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 

Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat, 
j It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 

bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 

Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Arrangement and Peoceduee. — Two thrones are provided for the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince anc. Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
j Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers constitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. The House gives its votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering " Content " or "Not Content," 
! but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
! an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
I Lord Chancellor himself participates in the vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House as the 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose presence, or that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part in the debates in addition to recording his vote.* The 
Chairman of Committees aces as Deputy Speaker. The Peers, by a Standing Order in 1868, 
have dropped the right of voting by proxy, but members may enter upon the journals of 
the House (if within 48 hours) their individual protest against any measure which has 
received the sanction of the majority. The House still constitutes the ultimate Court 
of Appeal, those Peers who are or have been Judges being the acting members, though 
any other Peer could participate if he chose so to insist : consequently no Peer can con- 
tinue a K.C. Some further rules are stated in the Official Note on page 28. 

* The "Lord High Chancellor of England" finds his more exalted functions in his position as the first judicial 
officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. He is created by the mere 
delivery of the Great Seal into his custody. He is ex officio a Privy Councillor, he appoints all justices of the peace, 
is visitor of royal foundations, patron of the smaller Crown livings, and guardian of infants, idiots, and lunatics 
(through the Masters in Lunacy) ; he presides over the Court of Chancery, and has been assigned the title of " Keeper 
of the King's Conscience." Till the time of James the First the post did not carry with it an hereditary peerage, 
I but was at first always filled by ecclesiastics, of whom Cardinal Wolsey is the most eminent example. It was when 
Henry the Eighth had resolved to overthrow the Church that he transferred the appointment to Sir Thomas More. 



D 2 



20 Introduction. 



Hereditary Peers. — Our two tables have brought out the fact that there are Peers 
of Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and 
Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, shows that the 
former class of exceptions are comparatively few. These are noticed in our next two 
paragraphs, whilst the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary 
Peers within the House, but not succeeding by heredity thereto. 

Life Peers. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small 
number of Law Lords, at present five. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 in 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of Appeal into Life Barons 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired (the late Lord Chief Justice was 
also a Life Peer). There have up to the present been thirteen such appointments (in addic- 
tion to the preceding, who was afterwards made an hereditary Baron, as was the late 
Lord Morris), namely, Lords Blackburn, Bowen, FitzGerald, Gordon, Hannen, Morris, 
Watson, and Russell of Killowen, who are deceased, and Lords Atkinson, Davey, 
Macnaghten, Lindley (retired), and Robertson, who are still living. The wives of these 
Peers take the title of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the children 
of Life Peers now rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the courtesy- 
title "Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Spiritual, already described under the 
preceding division. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on 
condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops." 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their wives and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop 
being simply " Mrs." 

Peers Elected. — We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Representa- 
tive Peers, both of which are full Peers of their respective nations, and are elected by 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 
omissions under Irish Poll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life : those 
of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-eleeted at every fresh Parliament. Elected Peers 
do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new Parliament. 



THE PEERAGE OUTSIDE OF THE HOUSE. 

Scottish and Irish Peers. — The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barons, differ broadly from that of England in 
their not conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, there are very many who, as fully enumerated upon ] 
page 36, possess Imperial hereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native j 
ones — in fact, this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland, and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earl's, Barons, &c, see under those degrees, 
as per Index). 

The Scottish Peerage in its early beginnings comes to us under a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet bears the Gaelic form of Mbrmhaor(usually printed ft 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this distinction 
were the predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under that title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 11 14 as one of "the Seven 
Earls " connected with the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have jj 

* It may here be remarked upon this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word I 
"Scotch;" the people are "Scots," and their adjective is " Scots "or "Scottish." Their Education Department has, 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may turn up from time to 
time, such as " Scotch whisky," " Scotch snuff," "Scotch haggis," "Scotch thistle," " Scotch kale," "Scotch mist ;" 
whilst the mention of a " Scottish " terrier might hardly suggest a recognisable animal. Again, the Scotsman 
Boswell uses the form " Scotch" repeatedly in his 'Life of JolmSbn,' so that certainly no one can say that "the 
decree has been made absolute." 



The Outside Peerage. 



21 



held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to have 
been merged under this wider designation, just as we had it above (page 11) 
in the case of "Simon de Montfort with other Barons," for the Scottish nobility- 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the lands, already designated 
earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going 
to the eldest inheritor only). But James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament, " and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl," acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (now 45 against 26). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nobles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of- English usage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Robert the Third in 1398 made his son 
Duke of Rothesay, and his brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland, as elsewhere observed, 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of primogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. 

In the Irish Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and this in spite of the fact 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively used for 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, but this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word " Baron " for a title of nobility. Irish Peers, as else- 
where stated, have the distinctive privilege of admission to the House of Commons for 
any constituency not in Ireland itself. 

Peeresses in Own Bight. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but f requently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some of 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict right in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by males will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
; time take leave of that House. 

' Scottish Loeds of Session. — We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether ; 
for the word "Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately "Baron "and "Lord Chief 
Baron " were used. An Order in Council of February 1905 authorised the retention of 
the title for life, irrespective of retirement, and the style "Lady" is to be enjoyed by 
the wife, and to continue in widowhood though not after re-marriage ; but no distinction 
is conferred upon the children. " Lord" in this case takes the prefix " Hon." in place 
of the "Right Hon." of actual Lords. These Lords, fourteen in mimber, are included 
in our Directory, and a list of them will be found in Whitaker's Almanack. For the 
style of the two Presidents see the note under " Kingsburgh." 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions. — We are continually 
meeting in the papers with some title which belongs, or affects t'o belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fact, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
flash in English society, or it may be* a crash among English tradesmen ; while others 
are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 
We have given nearly all the names to be found in either ' Burke ' or ' Debrett,' 



Introduction, 



together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly sure to take steps for making their presence known, 

A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (De Longueiiil), 
and quite a host of those holding Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these 'Debrett' supplies notices of an 
extensive series, and an official list obligingly sent us by Count Strickland enables us 
to add several to our own pages, including even those rather numerous ones who hold un- 
couth Arabic titles : one of these last, the Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble 
of Malta, and as such was deputed to represent the Peerage of the island at King 
Edward's coronation. As a rule, a foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence 
in the British dominions, but some thirty of those held in Malta are practically " taken 
over " by our Government, though this does not, as we were incorrectly informed, 
impart to them equal ranks with those in the House of Lords. Among them- 
selves, however, they have the anomalous arrangement of treating the terms Marquess, 
Count, and Baron as titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation 
alone governing their precedence, and the form of address being "Most Noble" 
irrespectively to all. Besides Spain and Genoa, we find among the sources of these 
honours the Papacy, Austria, Naples, Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of 
Malta itself, these last supplying the only strictly Maltese peerages. Turning from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," which the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our own aristocracy can append to their other titles that of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Roman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable means. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a "Spanish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom, while Italy, since King Humbert ascended the throne, has become 
very conservative in the matter of ennobling foreigners." The same writer states that 
at least 120 British subjects hold foreign titles. We may briefly instance the French 
dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort, and Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, 
Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Reay's 
Dutch title, and the Earl of Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, there are the 
Austrian baronies of Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's 
Prussian barony of Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of 
Maranham, the Portuguese viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern and earldom of 
Cape St. Vincent, the Italian dukedom of Gandolfi, and the Russian barony of 



Use of the Terms "Lord," "Lady," "Hon.," &c— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular conventional designation of a Baron, and frequently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patent or writ, as is especially noticeable 
in the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general term for 
any nobleman, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
used in the case of the eldest sons of such of the higher Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is higher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title "Lady'' 
is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases except the fifth (the sixth is now included), 
by the daughters of Earls, and by the wives of Baronets, and, in practice, by those of 
Knights also. When the word "Lord, "or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian 
name, as "Alfred, Lord Tennyson," the title " Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the 
"Alfred" shows which one of the line is intended (the form " Lord Alfred " could only 
be the courtesy-title of some younger son as above); and so we have "Edward, Earl 
of Derby," " Maria, Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each 
nobleman is designated by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian 
names. The leading name suffices for less formal use. 




while Hanover, 



NOMENCLATURE OF PEERS' RELATIVES. 



Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 



We have found it necessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we 
had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with 
which we have met, even amongst Writers whom we should have assumed to be well- 
informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater 
fulness to those with whom the laws of address have long been as their ABC. In 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, 
Earl of Derby" are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " ist Baron 
T." and " 14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages we may hear of 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can never have this inversion of the Christian 
name in either of the Peerages of our own islands. In fact, even in the use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than that of " Lord," so that 
such forms as "Viscount James Cranborne" are simply outrageous monstrosities. 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied term "Lord" is the 
courtesy-title of a younger son of some Duke or Marquess; then the addition of 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even 
here care must be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy-title of an eldest 
son, which, if " Lord," will usually be that of a barony included in his father's titles, 
whilst those of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname : thus we 
have Lords Stanley, Balcarres, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms 
of Derby, Crawford, and Cranbrook, and many similar titles will be found on 
glancing down the column of Eldest Sons of Earls in Whitaker's Almanack. In 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the word "Lady" the blunder is 
even more frequent ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms "Lady Anne," " Lady J ane," 
&c, must never be used except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown " or 
"Lady White," though if requiring distinction from other Ladies cf the surname they 
may prefix their own Christian names, or if two ladies of the name chanced to be at 
the same address the form "Lady (E.) Smith" can be adopted : these, however, are 
conventional resorts only, "for," says the late Lord Chamberlain (who kindly examined 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented 
at Court they would each be ' Lady Smith ' simply ; " whilst the bold device of invent- 
ing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady Douglas Smith," 
amounts at once to making a " Lord Douglas Smith " (instead of "Sir Douglas") of 
the husband. 

The prefix "Hon." is given personally to most Peers' issue (see "Earls" &c), and 
officially to all present or past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during 
office (not Lords Justices, who are all made Privy Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, 
who hold Life Peerages), to Lords of Session and their wives or widows ("Hon. Lord," 
" Hon. Lady "), the Lord Provost of Glasgow &c. (during office), and to members of Exe- 
cutive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* The Parliamentary phrase "Hon. 
Member" implies no personal or official title, and it is a mistake to prefix "Hon." 
to Gentlemen Ushers : " Never with men," says our authority. " Right Hon." is the 
title of a Privy Councillor and of any Peer lower than a Marquess ; Peeresses take the 
style of their husbands, and by courtesy either " Rt. Hon." or the commonly substituted 
" The " must be prefixed to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than 
" Hon.,"f a courtesy-Marquess being "Most Hon.," and " Rt. Hon. "being preferable to 
"The " in the case of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Pvt. Hon." is also 
given during term of office to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Pro- 
vost of Edinburgh (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady pre- 



* This use of the title, having its rules to some extent complex, has occasionally been applied too freely. It per- 
tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria, Tasmania, or the 
Cape, all of these memberships being life appointments ; also, during office, to Senators of Canada (with the 
Speakers of both Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in 
a Colony possessing responsible government (by the King's permission the title may be retained by ex-members). 
Locally the " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the Speaker of 
a Legislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, some 45 in number, comprise all 
the British dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Cape). The designation of a 
Judge in a Colonial Supreme Court is less absolutely denned : in some Colonies it is " The Honourable Mr. 
Justice A.," in others merely " His Honour Judge B." 

t This statement having recently been challenged, we in 1904 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and were 
assured in answer that "younger sons and daughters styled Lord or Lady, and eldest sons bearing special courtesy- 
titles, are entitled to the term Rt. Hon. or ihe substituted article," though this is simply " a matter of usage as is 
the courtesy- title itself." 



24 



Introduction, 



viously " Hon." who has married a " Sir, 5 ' or else any lady who has married an " Hon. 
Sir," provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a mere office. 

The article " The " when prefixed to "Lord " or " Laciy ' is a conventional substitute j 
for "Rt. Hon,," and the combination "The Lady" must, therefore, nob be applied to 
the wife of a Baronet or Knight. Nevertheless "The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and 
"The Dowager Lady" (though only a Baronetass) are correct forms in addressing. 

Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles.— We first note that some of these are heirs • 
to peerages, while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, j 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them 
quite a multiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternatelv, and in some 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother — may either step into his H 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, continued to be called "Viscount Belgrave," his title during 
the life of his father, Earl Grosvenor). But we find deviations more or less from any 
of the titles of the fathers, as when the word "Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed 
to the family name (as is almost regularly done when the Peer bears no third title, 
and is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designation, whilst in the cases 
of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as those 
peerages have no second title attached); or in such cases as "Viscount Trafalgar" 
instead of "Viscount Merton of Trafalgar "for the late son of Earl Nelson, or "Lord j 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of • 
Kintore. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is the eldest son of I 
the heir, but never upon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a previous Peer), j 
who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest sons of : 
Viscovnts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the titles 1 
of their fathers — this term having formerly been something more than a term of , | 
courtesy, for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in | 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their presence : at one j 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" j 
before their Christian names ; whilst the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- | 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 1 
" Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Crown or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon • 
meet the difficulty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so with the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is "Earl," but not if it is j 
"Viscount" (just as with the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron-by-courtesy (an Earl's grandson usually) 
may be called " Master 5 " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they ij 
will prefix "Lord "to their names,* but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable." 
Similarly the younger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled 
either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only " Honourables," as 
are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
st.yled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
I^jarons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be ''Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord," and his next son 
" Lord John," the younger sons of the Duke can never be higher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any "Lord John" only Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord " of an eldest son and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being "Honourable," but not those of the latter. 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 

* It is singular enough to be worth noting that at the present time there is not a single instance in the entire 
Peerago of a Duke's younger grandson bearing the title of " Lord ;" either the son is an Earl by courtesy (in which 
event his younger sons are only " Honourable "), or if a Marquess he has no second son. The only recent instances 
are the present Marquess of Granby, who was Lord John Henry Manners while his elder brother was living; a 
deceased infant son of the Marquess of Hamilton (now 2nd Duke of Abercorn), styled Lord Claud Francis 
Hamilton ; and Lord .Alistair Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, son of the Marquess of Stafford, now Duke of Sutherland. 



Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives, 



their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons -take---— Honourable " 
like the sons. It will be observed, as already commented upon, that in the case 
of Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons, 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, whilst the sons 
obtain only the title assigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality 
is only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons— an Earl's 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in 
that of Barons only. The distinction has the effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
(before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and 
in consequence of greater apparent honour; whilst the term "Lady," as we have 
already remarked, is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the 
prefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a 
Baron marries- a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of the 
higher value of the two. Granddaughters, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled "The Lady " if their father's title is either "Marquess" or 
" Earl," but if it is only " Viscount," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable" only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons bear any 
title as such. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only " Lord," and the Duke's eldest son's 
eldest son will be level with an Earl even if termed only "Honourable :" what is said of 
the wife's rank at the end of the notes upon the next page is a favour to certain married 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscount or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secondly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's ; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Courtesy- 
Titles in present use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which we 
believe to be extant, will be found in their respective alphabetical positions in 
the following Directory. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atholl even exceeding twenty. 

On the Marriage of Peeresses &c— The most essential rules may be thus briefly 
specified : 

The wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his own title, wholly irrespective of 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a 
Baroness being styled " The Bight Hon. Lady." 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." 
with no Christian name. 

The wife of a Baronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," " The Hon. Lady," &c. (see next page). 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her own Right retains her title after 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or 
even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is 
inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's widow who re-marries the case is in appearance the same as to 
retention of a former superior title ; but it is so by etiquette only, for even if she 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned 
to any royal function,* although conventionally she will be known by whichever title 
is the higher, and if both are the same in degree, that of her husband will naturally 

* The Dowager Countess Be La Warr who had just re-married to a commoner was allowed to be present as a 
Peeress for the single day of the late Coronation. 



26 



Introduction. 



be used, But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord 
by Courtesy, or to a commoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by 
her former marriage and comes to her second husband in precisely the same rank 
in which she came to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher 
than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usually gratifies her by 
continuing the recent honour if desired. If the widow of a Lord by courtesy, the same 
remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any 
daughter _ of a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, takes the rank of her husband, 
whether it exalts or lowers her ; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title 
of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank 
(governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as 
Earl, Viscount, &c), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by prefixing her 
Christian name to her husband's courtesy -title (on the diverse practice see "Ingestre," 
under "Shrewsbury") ;* lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or an 
eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own 
rank, as denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise 
with him if previously beneath him, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become 
"The Lady " (a " Lady " marrying a Knight or Baronet continues " The Lady Alice " 
with only change of surname, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady" without 
Christian name, the " Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady " her married status, 
which in the other case has to be absorbed). But a married lady will never retain such a 
style as "the Hon. Alice; "and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be 
omitted if he is the eldest living son of a living Peer, it must not be omitted, nor "Alice" 
substituted, on the ground of his being a commoner himself : we give this on the direct 
authority of the late Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous 
care, complicated by the anomalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher 
than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal) : the daughter 
of a Duke ranks higher than the younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own 
Christian name in preference to his ; but the daughter of a Marquess ranks only 
as equal to a Duke's younger son, and consequently may take either his or her own 
Christian name after "The Lady" (his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice 
upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : 
A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" will on marriage become "The Lady John" if 
her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain " The 
Lady Alice " if it was either trie same or inferior : there is, however, an option of 
either style (but regularly the husband's) if higher by only one degree, f 
If entitled "Honourable" she will become " The Lady John" on marrying a Peer's son 
designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another "Honourable" or a 
commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John." 
It may be added to the above remarks that the widow of either a Lord by Courtesy or a 
younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her 
by a first (as distinct from one which was her own by birth), though here again Custom 
humours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix " The Lady," but not 
that of "Honourable," which, however, many ladies still strive desperately to retain (a 
Baronets widow has an express right to continue "Lady," with her late husband's sur- 
name, but a Knight's retains the distinction by courtesy only : again, if either of these 
marries an "Honourable," that title is really higher than "Lady" in her case). The 
daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honourable," will on 
marrying a "Sir" become "The Hon. Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was 
"Lady" (with a Christian name) she will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," 

* Note that this will not happen in the case of marriage of any Peer s daughter to the eldest son of a Duke, for 
the wife's rank cannot possibly be higher than his, and she will therefore take (with the rank of a Marchioness) the 
regular feminine of his own style whether Marquess, Earl, or even Lord. This rule of precedence by actual rank 
regardless of style may seem at first inconsistent with the latter half of the note that follows ; but the difference 
there denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
keeping herself superior to her unfortunate husband. 

t Only a knowledge of individual instances can sometimes decide as to the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as well as his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
Lady Florence and the others as Lady Robert and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception socn 
becomes evident : Lady Florence's husband is known as the Rev. Lord William Cecil (though his first Christian 
name is Rupert), and there is another Lord Wm. Cecil, son of the 3rd Marquess of Exeter; the " Rev." distinguishes 
the husbands, but two " Lady Williams" would be confusing. Sometimes the option is extended to other cases, 
and a wife gracefully sinks her own rank in order to stand exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud 
Dundas, though a Marquess's daughter, took the courtesy-title of Viscountess Milton until she became Countess I 
Fitzwilliam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a Lady Frances, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry 
Lord Francis, the younger son of a Marquess, she would sink two degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis 
instead of Frances. 



Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives* 



*7 



disregarding the " Sir." A commoner marrying any person of title whatever follows her 
husband's style exactly, from " Duchess " downward to " The Lady JohnH." or 4 'The Hon. 
Mrs. Charles B." (thus the wife of an Earl's younger son is " Hon." only). As to the hus- 
band's Christian names, they may not always be needed after "Mrs." if no uncertainty is 
caused by their omission, and in point of fact they are very frequently omitted even when 
uncertainty is caused ; the wife of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. 
Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the wife of a Scottish " Master" (himself always 
* ' Honourable ") will be styled " The Hon. Mrs. N. ," unless, of course, she was previously 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remark that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife 
of a "Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. The Lord 
Chamberlain further informed us (1905) that the rule as to omitting the Christian 
name from the wife of an eldest son does not apply to husbands lower than the Peerage, 
so that even the wife of the heir to a baronetcy is strictly " Mrs. John B." and if she was 
"Hon." she will be " the Hon. Mrs. John B." (however conventionality may incline). 
The above rules show that while a lady may often rise by marriage, there is only one case in 
which she can sink by it— that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual 

I Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 

' the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, while the others, 
though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and 

' three degrees beneath her. 

A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; 

I it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, and compels 
himself on marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. 

Peers' Widows. — The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so that it is desirable to use it 
with care, though, as being a form in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to 
give offence when correctly applied. So long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is 
unmarried, the widow of his predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earlier Peer ; but as soon as (and for so 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some way. If 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes 
t the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's mother whilst his grandmother is also living, then 
she takes the style "Mary, Lady A.," "Catherine, Countess of B.," &c. ; the elder 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." 

hi Divorcees. — Our remarks under "Modes of Addressing " (page 74) have been more 
than once challenged, though our rule is identical with that given by ' Debrett.' But 
conventionality is apt to override rules, especially in a case of gratifying the favoured 
sex. Thus, strange as it seems, a lady who has divorced her husband continues very 
commonly to cling to his name, and if a title was attached it is a thing too precious to 
part with : indeed, one of the Judges in the recent Cowley appeal observed that he had 
never known a lady relinquish a title which she had once acquired (for the credit of the 
sex there are five or six such instances occurring in this book, but they are in the 
connection of re-marriage and not of divorce). Any title thus retained is of course, 
in " Debrett's " words, "assumptive and worthless, and ought not to be recognised." 
He adds, " Divorced peeresses, no matter whether they have been divorced by, or have 
themselves obtained a divorce from, their husbands, do not receive a summons to a 
Coronation." None the less the empty honour is claimed, so that, as it has been put to 
us, "any person addressing such a lady without giving her the title must expect his 
letter to go unanswered ; " very likely, but not, to our mind, very creditable to the lady 
who so acts : divorce with retained style is the annulling of a bargain, but the keeping 
back of part of the price. In the case of a surname only the matter is not quite 
the same, for a person can adopt any name which is clear from the least lurking 
of fraud, so that if Mary Jones marries John Smith and then divorces him, there appears 
to be nothing absolutely to prevent her calling herself Mrs. Mary Smith (but no longer 
Mrs. John Smith). 



28 



Introduction,. 



the rolls oe the three peerages. 

I. Titles on the Roll op the House op Lords. 

When the House appoints a Select Committee, the Lords appointed are named in the order of their rank, 
beginning with the highest ; but when the whole House is called over the call begins with the Junior Baron. 
[Additions in square brackets are editorial, whilst we have substituted the more definite term " Baron " for that of 
" Lord," which is used in the Boll.] 



Royal Princes. i 

1 H.R.H. The Prince of Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 

naught and Strathearn 

3 H.R.H. The Duke of Albany 

Archbishops and High State 
Officers. 

4 Archbishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancellor 

(=6io) 

6 Archbishop of York 

7 The Lord President of the 

Council (=193) 

8 The Lord Privy Seal (=48) 



Dukes. 
9 Norfolk, Earl Marshal 



of 



England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon (D. of Hamilton) 

21 Portland 

22 Manchester 

23 Newcastle 

24 Northumberland 

25 H.R.H. The Duke of Cum- 

berland and Teviotdale 

26 "Wellington 

27 Sutherland 

28 "Westminster 

29 Fife 

30 Argyll 

Marqu ESSES. t 

31 "Winchester 

32 Lansdowne 

33 Townshend, Marq. 

34 Salisbury 

35 Bath 

36 Abercorn (Duke of A.) 

37 Hertford 

38 Bute 

39 Exeter 

40 Northampton 

41 Camden, Marq. 

42 Anglesey 

43 Cholmondeley 

44 Ailesbury 

45 Bristol 



46 Ailsa 

47 Normanby 

48 Ripon (=8) 

49 Abergavenny 

50 Breadalbane 

51 Dufferin and Ava 

52 Zetland 

53 Linlithgow 

Earls. 

54 The Lord Steward of the 

Household (=199) 

56 Shrewsbury 

57 Derby 

58 Huntingdon 

59 Pembroke and Montgomery 

60 Devon 

61 Suffolk and Berkshire 

62 Denbigh 

63 "Westmorland 

64 Lindsey 

65 Stamford 

66 Winchilsea and Nottingham 

67 Chesterfield 

68 Sandwich 

69 Essex 

70 Carlisle 

71 Doncaster (D. of Buccleuch 

and Queensberry) 

72 Shaftesbury 

73 Berkeley 

74 Abingdon 

75 Scarbrough 

76 Albemarle 

77 Coventry 

78 Jersey 

79 Poulett, Earl 

80 Mar [Elected for Scotld.) 

81 Rothes {Elected for Scotld.) 

82 Morton (Elected for Scotld.) 

83 Mar and Kellie (Elected for 

Scotld.) 

84 Haddington (Elected for 

Scotld.) 

85 Lauderdale (Elected for 

Scotld.) 

86 Caruwath (Elected for Scotld.) 

87 Northesk (Elected for Scotld.) 

88 Dundonald (Elected for 

Scotld.) 

89 Ferrers, Earl 

90 Dartmouth 

91 Tanker ville 

92 Aylesford 

93 Stanhope, Earl 

94 Macclesfield [a Minor] 

95 Graham, Earl (D. of Montrose) 

96 "Waldegrave, Earl 

97 Ashburnham 



98 Harrington 

99 Portsmouth 

100 Brooke, Earl, and E. of 

Warwick 

101 Buckinghamshire 

102 Fitzwilliam, Earl 

103 Guilford 

104 Hardwicke 

105 Ilchester 

106 De La Warr, Earl 

107 Radnor 

108 Spencer, Earl 

109 Bathurst, Earl 

110 Hillsborough (M. of Down- 

shire) 

111 Clarendon 

112 Mansfield 

1 13 Strange, Earl (D. of Atholl) 

114 Mount Edgcumbe 

115 Fortescue, Earl 

116 Carnarvon 

117 Cadogan, Earl 

118 Malmesbury 

119 Westmeath (Elected forlreld.) 

120 Drogheda (Elected for Ir eld.) 

121 Darnley (Elected for Ireld.) 

122 Mayo (Elected for Ireld.) 

123 Annesley, Earl (Elected for 

Ireld.) 

124 Wicklow (Elected for Ireld.) 

125 Lucan (Elected for Ireld.) 

126 Belmore (Elected for Ireld.) 

127 Bandon (Elected for Ireld.) 

128 Rosslyn 

129 Craven 

130 Onslow 

131 Romney 

132 Chichester 

133 Wilton 

134 Powis 

135 Nelson, Earl 

136 Rosse (Elected for Ireld.) 

137 Man vers, Earl 

138 Orford 

139 Grey, Earl 

140 Lonsdale 

141 Harrowby 

142 Harewood 

143 Minto 

144 Cathcart, Earl 

145 Verulam 

146 Brownlow, Earl 

147 St. Germans 

148 Morley 

149 Bradford 

150 Beauchamp, Earl 

151 Eldon 

152 Howe, Earl 

153 Stradbroke 



* Occupies this position both as Premier Duke, and as a High State Officer. 

t Under this and the following series the word Marq. or Earl is appended to the title when without " of.' 



Roll of the House of Lords. 



29 



154 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

155 Kilmorey (Elected for Ireld.) 

156 Vane, Earl (M. of London- 

derry) 

157 Amherst, Earl 

158 Cawdor, Earl 

159 Munster 

160 Camperdown 

161 Lichfield 

162 Durham 

163 Granville, Earl 

164 Effingham 

165 Ducie 

166 Yarborough 

167 Innes, Earl (D. of Boxburghe) 
,168 Leicester 

169 Lovelace 

170 Gainsborough 
[171 Ellesmere 
172 Strafford 

'173 Cottenham 

174 Cowley, Earl 

175 "Winton (E. of Eglintoun 

[Eglinton & Winton]) 
>76 Dudley 

177 Russell, Earl 

— [Cromartie, Gtss. of] 

178 Kimberley 

179 Dartrey 

180 Feversham 

181 Wharncliffe 

182 Northbrook 

183 Cairns, Earl 

184 Lytton 

185 Lathom 

186 Sondes, Earl 

187 Selborne 

188 Iddesleigh 

189 Londesborough 

190 Cranbrook 

191 Ancaster 

192 Carrington, Earl 

193 Crewe (=7) 

194 Egerton [of Tatton], Earl 

195 Halsbury 

196 Roberts, Earl 

197 Cromer 

198 Plymouth 

199 Liverpool (=54) 

Viscounts. 

200 The Lord Chamberlain of the 

Household (=241) 
;20i Hereford 

202 Falkland (Elected for Scotld.) 

203 Bolingbroke and St. John 

[vacant on BoU — a Minor'] 

204 Cobham 

205 Falmouth 

206 Torrington [a Minor] 

207 J jeinster (Luke of L.)[a Minor] 

208 Hood 

209 Bangor (Eleeted for Ireld.) 

210 St. Vincent 
2H Melville 

212 Sidmouth 

213 Templetown(jE7ec;ed: for Ireld.) 

214 Gordon (E. of Aberdeen) 

215 Exmouth [a Minor] 

216 Hutchinson (E. of Lonough- 

more) 

217 Clancarty (Earl of G.) 

218 Combermere [a Minor] 

219 Canterbury 

220 Hill 



221 Hardinge 

222 Gough 

223 Halifax 

224 Bridport 

225 Portman 

226 Hampden 

227 Wolseley 

228 Cross 

— [Hambleden, Vctss.] 

229 Peel 

230 Knutsford 

231 Llandaff 

232 Esher 

233 Goschen 

234 Ridley 

235 Kitchener of Khartoum and 

of the Vaal 

236 Colville of Culross 

237 Churchill 

238 Milner 

239 Selby 

240 Iveagh 

241 Althorp (=200) 

242 Tredegar 

243 St. Aldwyn 

Bishops. 

244 London 

245 Durham 

246 Winchester 

247 Chichester 

248 Ripon 

249 Lincoln 

250 Salisbury 

251 Chester 

252 St. Asaph 

253 Lichfield 

254 Norwich 

255 Bath and Wells 

256 Hereford 

257 Southwark 

258 St. Albans 

259 Peterborough 

260 St. David's 

261 Bristol 

262 Wakefield 

263 Bangor 

264 Liverpool 

265 Oxford 

266 Birmingham 

267 Exeter 

Babons. 

268 De Ros 

269 Mowbray 

— [Fauconberg and Conyers, 

Bnss.] 

270 Hastings 

271 De Clifford 

272 Clinton 

273 Zouche of Haryngworth 

— [Beaumont, Bnss.] 

274 Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Darcy de Knayth, Bnss.] 

275 Botreaux (E. of Loudoun) 

276 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, Bnss.] 

— [Berners,2?nss. ] 

277 Willoughby de Broke 

278 Vaux of Harrowden 

— [Wentworth, Bnss.] 

279 Braye 

280 North 

281 St. John of Bletso 

282 Howard de Walden 



283 Petre 

284 Saye and Sele 

285 Arundell of Wardour 
— [Clifton, Bnss.] 

286 Dormer 

287 Teynham 

288 Stafford 

289 Byron 

290 Lucas 

291 Clifford of Chudleigh 

292 Barnard 

293 Saltoun (Elected for Scotld.) 

294 Sinclair (Elected for Scotld.) 

295 Bovth-wick(Elected for Scotld.) 

296 Torphichen (Elected for 

Scotld.) 

297 Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

298 Belhaven and Stenton 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

299 Boyle (E. of Cork and Orrery) 

300 Hay (E. of Kinnoul [Kin- 

noull]) 

301 Middleton 

302 Monson 

303 Ponsonby (E. of Bessborough) 

304 Scarsdale 

305 Boston 

306 Lovel and Holland (E. of 

Egmont) 

307 Vernon [a Minor] 

308 Digby 

309 Hawke 

310 Foley 

311 Dinevor [Dynevor] 

312 Walsingham 

313 Bagot 

314 Southampton 

315 Grantley 

316 Rodney 

317 Somers [a Minor] 

318 Berwick 

319 Sherborne 

320 Tyrone (M. of Waterford) 

321 Carleton (E. of Shannon) 

322 Suffield 

323 Kenyon 

324 Braybrooke 

325 Fisherwick (M. of Donegall) 

[a Minor] 

326 Gage (Visct. G.) 

327 Thurlow 

328 Auckland 

329 Mendip(FwcJ. Olifden) 

330 Stuart of Castle Stuart (E. of 

Moray) 

331 Stewart of Garlies (E. of 

Galloway) 

332 Saltersford (E. of Courtown) 

333 Brodrick ( Visct. Midleton) 

334 Calthorpe 

335 Gwydir [Gwydyr] 

336 Bolton 

337 Lilford 

338 Ribblesdale 

339 Dunboyne (Elected for Ireld.) 

340 Inchiquin (Elected for Ireld.) 

341 Massy (Elected for Ireld.) 

342 Muskerry (Elected for Ireld.) 

343 Kilmaine (Elected for Ireld.) 

344 Clonbrock (Elected for Ireld.) 

345 Headley (Elected for Ireld.) 

346 Crofton (Elected for Ireld.) 

347 Langford (Elected for Ireld.) 

348 Ventry (Elected for Ireld.) 



3° 



Introduction. 



349 Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 
330 Loftus {31. of Ely) 

351 Carysfort {Earl of G.) 

352 Abercromby 

353 Ellenborough 

354 Sandys 

355 Sheffield {Earl of S.) 

356 Erskine 

357 Monteagle [MontEagle] (if. 

of Sligo) 

358 Granard {Earl of G.) 

359 Gardner [vacant] 

360 Manners 

361 Castlemaine {Elected for 

Ireld.) 

362 Meldrum {31. of Huntly) 

363 Grinstead {E. of Enniskillen) 

364 Foxford {E. of Limerick) 

365 Harris 

366 Colchester 

367 Ker {31. of Lothian) 

368 Minster {3Larq\. Gonyngham) 

369 Ormonde {3farq. of 0.) 

370 Wemyss {Earl of W.) 

371 Silchester {E. of Longford) 

372 Oriel {Visct. 3Iassereene) 

373 Ravensworth 

374 Delamere 

375 Forester 

376 Rayleigh 

377 Gilford 

378 Somerhill {31. of Glanricarde) 

379 Wigan {E. of Crawford) 

380 Ranf urly {Earl ofR.) 

381 Tenterden 

382 Plunket 

383 Heytesbury 

384 Rosebery {Earl of R.) 

385 Clan william {Earl of C.) 

386 Wynford 

387 Kilmarnock {E. of Erroll) 

388 Fingall {Earl of F.) 

389 Sefton {Earl of S.) 

390 Clements {E. of Leitrim) 

391 Kenlis {M. of Headfort) 

392 Chaworth {E. of 3Ieath) 

393 Dunmore {Earl of D.) 

394 Poltimore 

395 Mostyn 

396 Templemore 

397 Cloncurry 

398 De Saumarez 

399 Denman 

400 Abinger 

401 De L'Li? and Dudley 

402 Ashburton 

403 Hatherton 

404 Worlingham {E. of Gosford) 

405 Stratheden [and Campbell] 

406 Oranmore and Browne 

{Elected for Ireld.) 

407 Lovat 

408 Bateman 

409 Kintore {Earl of K.) 

410 Rossmore 

411 Carew 

412 De Mauley 

413 Wrottesley 

414 Sudeley 

415 Methuen 

416 Stanley of Alder ley 

417 Leigh 

418 Wenlock 

419 Lurgan 

420 Monteagle of Brandon 



421 Seaton 

422 Oxenfoord {E. of Stair) 

423 Vivian 

424 Congleton [a Minor'] 

425 Bellew {Elected for Ireld.) 

426 Elgin {E. of Elgin and Kin- 

cardine) 

427 De Freyne 

428 Saint Leonards 

429 Raglan 

430 Kenmare {Earl of K.) 

431 Belper 

432 Talbot de Malahide 

433 Ebury 

434 Chesham 

435 Chelmsford 

436 Churston 

437 Leconfield 

438 L3 r veden 

439 Brougham and Vaux 

440 Kinnaird 

441 Westbury 

442 Fitzhardinge 

443 Annaly 

444 Romilly [a 3Iinor] 

445 Meredyth {Bn. Athlumney) 

446 Kenry {E. of Dunraven and 

Mount Earl) 

447 Monck {Visct. 31.) 

448 Hartismere {Bn. Henniker) 

449 Hylton 

450 Penrhyn 

451 Brancepeth {Visct. Boyne) 

452 Kesteven 

453 Ormathwaite 

454 O'Neill 

455 Napier [of Magdala] 

456 Gormanston ( Visct. G.) 

457 Rathdonnell {Elected for 

Ireld.) 

458 Lawrence 

459 Dunning {Bn. Bollo) 

460 Balinhard {E. of Southesk) 

461 Hare {E. of Listowel) 

462 Howard of Glossop . 

463 Castletown 

464 Acton 

465 Wolverton 

466 Greville 

467 O'Hagan 

468 Sandhurst 

— [Burdett-Coutts, Buss.'] 

469 Ettrick {Bn. Napier [of 3Ier- 

chistoun, Bn. Napier and 
Ettrick]) 

470 Somerton {E. of Normauton) 

471 Aberdare 

472 Moncreiff 

473 Coleridge 

474 Emly 

475 Cottesloe 

476 Hampton 

477 Douglas {E. of Home) 

478 Ramsay {E. of Dalhousie) 

479 Fermanagh {E. [of] Erne) 

480 Harlech 

481 Alington 

482 Tollemache 

483 Gerard 

484 Sackville 

485 Norton 

486 Shute {Visct. Barrington) 

487 Haldon 

488 Wimborne 

489 Ardilaun 



490 Lamington 

491 Trevor 

492 Brabourne 

493 Ampthill 

494 Tweeddale {Marq. ofT.) 

495 Howth {Earl of H.) 

496 Reay 

497 Derwent 

498 Hothfield 

499 Tweedmouth 

500 Tennyson 

501 Strathspey {E. of Seafield) 

502 Monk Bretton 

503 Northbourne 

504 Sudley {E. of Arran) 

505 Herries 

506 Powerscourt 

507 Northington {Bn. Henley) 

508 Rothschild 

509 Revelstoke 

510 Monkswell 

511 Ashbourne 

512 Saint Oswald 

513 Deramore 

514 Montagu of Beaulieu 

515 Elphinstone 

516 Herschell 

517 Hillingdon 

518 Hindlip 

519 Grimthorpe 

520 Stalbridge 

521 Kensington 

522 Burton 

523 Hamilton of Dalzell 

524 Brassey 

525 Thring 

526 Macnaghten [Life Peer] 

527 Bowes {E. of Strathmore and 

Kinghorn [Kinghorne]) 

528 Monckton {Visct. Galway) 

529 Saint Levan 

530 Magheramorne 

531 Basing 

532 De Ramsey 

533 Cheylesmore 
534. Addington 

535 Savile 

536 Field 

537 Mount Stephen 

538 Masham 

— [Macdonald of Earnscliflfe, 
Bnss. ] 

539 Kelvin 

540 Ashcombe 

541 Blythswood 

542 Crawshaw 

543 Amherst of Hackney 

544 Newton 

545 Dunleath 

546 Llangattock 

547 Playfair 

548 Battersea 

549 Swansea 

550 Farrer 

551 Overtoun 

552 Stanmore 

553 Rendel 

554 Welby 

555 Davey [Life Peer] 

556 Loch 

557 Wandsworth 

558 Ashton 

559 Burghclere 

560 James [of Hereford] 

561 Rathmore 



Roll of the Lords— Scottish Peerage. 



3i 



562 Glenesk 

563 Aldenham 

564 Heneage 

565 Bosmead 

566 Kin near 

567 Lister 

568 Fairlie {E. of Glasgow) 

569 Dawnay ( Visct. Downe) 

570 Ludlow 

571 Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick 

— a Minor] 

572 Inverclyde 

573 Strathcona and Mount 

Eoyal 

574 Newlands 
[575 Farquhar 
[576 Muncaster 

577 Haliburton 

578 Glanusk 
(579 Brampton 
580 Cranworth 

— [Dorchester, Bnss.] 



581 Bobertson [Life Peer] 

582 Northcote 

583 Avebury 

584 Lindley [Life Peer] 

585 Killanin 

586 O'Brien 

587 Alverstone 

588 Kinross 

589 Shuttleworth 

590 Allerton 

591 Barrymore 

592 Grenfell 

593 Knollys 

594 Bedesdale 

595 Burnbam 

596 Biddulph 

597 Estcourt 

598 Armstrong 

599 Dunedin 

600 Leith of Fyvie 

601 Atkinson [Life Pew] 

602 Bitcbie of Dundee 



603 Sanderson 

604 Waleran 

605 Knaresborougb 

606 Northcliffe 

607 Michelbam 

608 Faber 

609 Desborough 

610 Loreburn (=5) 

611 Fitzmaurice 

612 "Weardale 

613 Haversham 

614 Hempbill 

615 Joicey 

616 Nunburnholme 

617 "Wiaterstoke 

618 Colebrooke 

619 Courtney 

620 Eversley 

621 Pirrie 

622 Glantawe 

623 Armitstead 

624 Allendale 



*#* This number is in excess of the total number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused 
by the f ollowing Lords being twice named in the Roll : 

Baron Loreburn as Lord High Chancellor and as Baron Loreburn (Nos. 5 and 610). 

Earl of Crewe as Lord President and as Earl of Crewe (Nos. 7 and 193). 

Marquess of Ripon as Lord Privy Seal and as Marquess of Ripon . . . . _ (Nos. 8 and 48). 

Earl of Liverpool as Lord Steward and as Earl of Liverpool (Nos. 54 and 199). 

Viscount Althorp as Lord Chamberlain and as Viscount Althorp (Nos. 200 and 241). 

[This deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to 6 to, which has, however, to be further reduced by 12 for 
the Minors, and 1 for the vacant Gardner Barony, after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the 
business of the House will be 606, which accords with that given under " House of Lords."] 



II, liOLL OF THE SCOTTISH PeEKAGE. 



Dukes. 

1 Bothesay {Prince of Wales) 

2 Hamilton {D. of Brandon) 

3 Buccleuch and Queensberry 

{E. of Doncaster) 

4 Lennox {D of Richmond) 

5 Argyll {same title in IT. K.) 

6 Atholl {Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose {Earl Graham) 

8 Boxburghe {Earl Innes) 

Marquesses. 

9 Huntly {Bn. Meldrum) 

10 Queensberry 

11 Tweeddale {Baron T.) 

12 Lothian {Bn. Ker) 

Earls. 

13 Crawford and Balcarres {Bn. 

Wigan) . 

14 Erroll {Bn. Kilmarnock) 

15 Sutherland {Duke of S.) 

16 Mar {Repres. Peer) 

17 Bothes 

18 Morton {Repres. Peer) 

19 Buchan 

20 Eglinton and Winton {E. of 

Winton) 

21 Cassillis {31. of Ailsa) 

22 Caithness 

23 Moray {Bn. Stuart of Castle 

Stuart) 

24 Mar and Kelli© {Repres. Peer) 

25 Home {Bn. Douglas) 

26 Perth 

27 Strathmore [and Kinghorne] 

{Bn. Bowes) 

28 Abercorn {Marq. of A., Ir. 

Duke of A.) 



29 Haddington {Repres. Peer) 

30 Galloway {Bn. Stewart of 

Garlies) 

31 Lauderdale {Repres. Peer) 

32 Lindsay 

33 Kinnoull {Bn. Hay) 

34 Juoudoun {Bn. Botreaux) 

35 Dumfries and Bute {Marq. of 

Bute) 

36 Elgin and Kincardine {Bn. 

Elgin) 

37 Southesk {Bn. Balinhard) 

38 Wemyss and March {Bn. 

Wemyss) 

39 Dalhousie {Bn. Ramsay) 

40 Airlie [a Minor] 

41 Carnwath {Repres. Peer) 

42 Leven and Melville 

43 Dysart 

44 Northesk {Repres. Peer) 

45 Newburgh 

46 Dundonald {Repres. Peer) 

47 Kintore {Baron K.) 

48 Breadalbane {Marq. of B.) 

49 Aberdeen {Visct. Gordon) 

50 Dunmore (Baron D.) 

51 Melfort, Countess of [do)-~ 

mant] 

52 Orkney 

53 Seafleld {Bn. Strathspey) 

54 Stair {Bn. Oxenfoord) 

55 Bosebery {Baron R.) 

56 Glasgow {Bn. Fairlie) 

57 Hopetoun {Marq. of Linlith- 



VlSCOUNTS. 

58 Falkland {Repres. Peer) 

59 Stormont {E. of Mansfield) 



60 Arbuthnott 

61 Dumblane [Dun-] {D. of 

Leeds) 

Barons. 

62 Forbes 

63 Saltoun {Repres. Peer) 

64 Gray, Baroness 

65 Cathcart {Earl C.) 

66 Sinclair {Repres. Peer) 

67 Sempill 

68 Herries {same title in IT. K.) 

69 Elphmstone {same title in 

U. K.) 

70 Lovat {same title in U. K.) 

71 Borthwick {Repres. Peer) 

72 Torphichen {Repres. Peer) 

73 Kinloss, Baroness 

74 Colville [of Culross] (Visct. 

C. of C.) 

75 Dingwall {Bn. Lucas) 

76 Balfour of Burleigh {Repres. 

Peer) 

77 Napier [of Merchistoun] {Bn. 

Ettrick [Napier & Ettrick]) 

78 Fairfax of Cameron 

79 Beay {same title in U. K.) 

80 Forrester (E. of Verulam, Ir 

Visct. Grimston) 

81 Elibank 

82 Belhaven and Stenton 

{Repres. Peer) 

83 Bollo {Bn. Dunning) 

84 Buthven 

85 Nairne {M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 

E. of Kerry) 

86 Kinnaird {same title in U. K.) 

87 Polwarth 



32 



Introduction. 



III. .Roll of the Irish Peerage. 

*«* Peers marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, having never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minors). 



Dukes. 

1 *Leinster (Visct.L. [a Minor]) 

2 Abercorn (3farq. of A., Sc. 

Earl of A.) 

Marquesses. 

3 Waterford ( Bn. Tyrone) 

4 Downshire (E. of Hillsborough) 

5 *Donegall (Bn. Fisherwick) 

6 Headfort (Bn. Kenlis) 

7 *Sligo (Bn. MontEagle) 

8 Ely ( Bn. Loftus ) 

9 Londonderry (Earl Vane) 

10 *Conyngham, Marq. (Bn. 

Minster [a Minor]) 

11 Ormonde (Baron 0.) 

12 Clanricarde (Bn. Somerhill) 

Earls. 

13 "Waterford (E. of Shrewsbury) 

14 Cork [and Orrery] (Bn. Boyle) 

15 "Westmeath (Repres. Peer) 

16 *Desmond (E. of Denbigh) 

17 Meath (Bn. Chaworth) 

18 Fingall (Baron F.) 

19 Cavan 

20 Drogheda (Repres. Peer) 

21 Granard (Baron G.) 

22 *Fitzwilliam, Earl (same in 

U.K.) 

23 Kerry [and Shelburne] (M. of 

Lansdowne, Sc. Bn. Nairne) 

24 Darnley (Repres. Peer) 

25 *Egmont (Bn. Lovel and 

Holland) 

26 Bessborough (Bn. Ponsonby) 

27 *Carrick 

28 *Shannon (Bn. Carleton) 

29 Lanesborough 

30 Fife, Earl (Duhe of F.) 

31 *Mornington (D. of Wellington) 

32 Arran (Bn. Sudley) 

33 Courtown ( Bn. Saitersford) 

34 *Milltown [dormant] 

35 Mexborough 

36 Winterton, Earl 

37 *Howth (Baron H.) 

38 Kingston 

39 Sefton (Baron S.) 

40 Eoden 

41 *Lisburne 

42 Clanwilliam (Baron 0.) 

43 MountCashell, Earl 

44 Antrim 

45 Longford (Bn. Silchester) 

46 *Portarlington 

47 Mayo (Repres. Peer) 

48 Annesley, Earl (Repres. Peer) 

49 Enniskillen (Bn. Grinstead) 

50 Erne, Earl [of] (Bn. Fer- 

managh) 

51 Carysfort (Baron C.) 

52 Desart 

53 Wicklow (Repres. Peer) 

54 Clonmell 

55 Leitrim (Bn. Clements) 

56 Lucan (Repres. Pee?-) 



57 Belmore, Earl [of] (Repres 

Peer) 

58 * Armagh (D. of Cumberland) 

59 Bandon (Repres. Peer) 

60 Castle Stewart, Earl [Earl 

Castlestewart] 

61 Donoughmore (Visct. Hutch 

inson) 

62 *Caledon [a Minor] 

63 Kenmare (Baron K.) 

64 Limerick (Bn. Foxford) 

65 Clancarty (Visct. C.) 

66 Grosford (Bn. Worlingham) 

67 Bosse (Repres. Peer) 

68 Normanton (Bn. Somerton) 

69 *Shefneld (Baron S.) 

70 Kilmorey (Repres. Peer) 

71 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

(Bn. Kenry) 

72 Listowel (Bn. Hare) 

73 Norbury 

74 Banfurly (Baron R.) 

Viscounts. 

75 Gormanston (Baron G.) 

76 Mountgarrett [-et] 

77 Grandison (E. of Jersey) 

78 *Valentia 

79 Dillon 

80 Lumley (E. of Scarbrough) 

81 *Taaffe 

82 *Cholmondeley (Marq. of C.) 

83 Charlemont 

84 Downe (Bn. Dawnay) 

85 Molesworth 

86 Chetwynd 

87 Midleton (Bn. Brodrick) 

88 Boyne (Bn. Brancepeth) 

89 Grimston (E. of Verulam, Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

90 Barrington (Bn. Shute) 

91 *Gage (Baron G.) 

92 Galway (Bn. Monckton) 

93 Powerscourt (U. K. Baron P.) 

94 Ashbrook 

95 *Mountmorres 

96 Southwell 

97 De Vesci 

98 Liff ord 

99 Bangor (Repres. Peer) 

100 Clifden (Bn. Mendip) 

101 Doneraile 

102 Harberton 

103 Ha warden 

104 [*Massereene and] Ferrard 

(Bn. Oriel) 

105 Monck (Baron M.) 

106 *Avonmore 

107 Templetown (Repres. Peer) 

108 -Frankfort de Montmorency 

109 *Gort [a Minor] 

110 Guillamore 

Barons. 

111 Kingsale, Bn. of 

112 Trimleston [-town] 

113 Dunsany, Bn. of 



H4Dunboyne, Bn. of (Repres. 
Peer) 

115 Louth, Bn. of 

116 Inchiquin, Bn. of (Repres. 

Peer) 

117 *Digby (same title in Gt. Br.) 

118 *Sherard 

119 Conway (M. of Hertford) 

120 *Carbery [a Minor] 

121 *Aylmer 

122 Farnham 

123 *Lisle 

124 *Clive (E. of Powis) 

125 Mulgrave (M. of Normanby) 

126 Newborough 

127 Macdonald 

128 *Kensington (same titleJJ. K.) 

129 *Westcote (Visct. Cobham) 

130 Massy (Repres. Peer) 

131 Muskerry (Repres. Peer) 

132 Hood ( Visct. H.) 

133 Muncaster (same title IT. K.) 

134 Auckland {same title Gt. Br.) 

135 Kilmaine (Repres. Peer) 

136 Cloncurry (same title TJ. K.) 

137 Clonbrock (Repres. Peer) 

138 Waterpark 

139 Graves 

140 *Bridport (Visct. B.) 

141 *Huntingfield 

142 *Carrington (Earl C.) 

143 Bossmore (same title TJ. K.) 

144 Hotham 

145 Cremorne (E. of Dartrey) 

146 Headley (Repres. Peer) 

147 Teignmouth 

148 Crofton (Repres. Peer) 

149 Ffrench 

150 Henley (Bn. Northington) 

151 Langford (Repres. Peer) 

152 De Blaquiere 

153 Duff erin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] (M. ofDufferin 
and Ava) 

154 Henniker (Bn. Hartismere) 

155 Ventiy (Repres. Peer) 

156 *"Wallscourt 

157 Dunalley (Repres. Peer) 

158 Clanmorris 

159 Radstock 

160 Ashtown 

161 Clarina 

162 ^Gardner (vacant—same title 

TJ. K.) 

163 Bendlesbam 

164 Castlemaine (Repres. Peer) 

165 Decies 

166 Garvagh 

167 Talbot of Malahide (Tall, de 

31.) 

168 ^Carew (same title in U.K.) 

169 Oranmore and Browne, Bn. of 

(Repres. Peer) 

170 Dunsandle and Clan Conal 

171 Bellew (Repres. Peer) 

172 Fermoy 

173 *Athlumney (Bn. Meredyth) 

174 Rathdonnell (Repres. Peer) 

175 *Curzon of Kedleston 



Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls. 



33 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO THE THREE ROLLS, 

*#* tfhe letter "S." prefixed tb the index figiires deridte* the Scottish Peerage, "I." the Irish ; all others are of 
the House of Iiords. Peeresses (Ibiperial) are referred tb by bracketing the twb Nos. between which they fall. 



Abercorn ,M. of, 36 ; E. Of* 

S-. 28 ; D. Of, I. 2 
Abercromby, Bn., 352 
Aberdare, Bn., 471 
Aberdeen, E. of, S. 49 
Abergavenny, M. of, 49 
Abingdon, E. of, 74 
Abinger, Bn., 400 
Acton; Bn., 464 
Addington, Bn., 534 
Ailesbury, M. of, 44 
Ailsa, M. of, 46 
Airlie, E. of, S. 40 
Albany, II.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 76 
Aldenham, Bn., 563 
Alington, Bn., 481 
Allendale, Bn., 624 
Allerton, Bn., 590 
Althorp, Visct., 241 
Alverstone, Bn., 587 
Amherst, Earl, 157 
Amherst of H., Bn., 543 
Ampthill, Bn., 493 
Ancaster, E. of, 191 
Anglesey, M. of, 42 
Annaly, Bn., 443 
Annesley, Earl, 123, 1. 48 
Antrim, E. of, I. 44 
Arbuthnott, Visct., S. 60 
Ardilaun, Bn., 489 
Argyll, D. of, 30, S. 5 
Armagh, E . of, I. 58 
Armitstead, Bn., 623 
Armstrong, Bn., 598 
Arran, E. of, I. 32 
Arundell of W., Bn., 285 
Ashbourne, Bn., 511 
Ashbrook, Visct., I. 94 
Ashburnham, E. of, 97 
Ashburton, Bn., 402 
Ashcombe, Bn., 540 
Ashton, Bn., 558 
Ashtown, Bn., I. 160 
Athlumney, Bn., I. 173 
Atholl, D. of, S. 6 
Atkinson, Bn., 601 
Auckland, Bn., 328, 1. 134 
Avebury, Bn., 5^3 
Avonmore, Visct., 1. 106 
Aylesford, E. of, 92 
Aylmer, Bn., I. 121 
»Bagot, Bn., 313 
Balfour of B., Bn., 297, S. 

76 

Balinbard, Bn., 460 
•Bandon, E. of, 127, 1. 59 
Bangor, Bp. of, 263 
Bangor, Visct., 209, I. 99 
Barnard, Bn., 292 
Barrington, Visct., I. 90 
Barrymore, Bn., 591 
Basing, Bn., 531 
Bateman, Bn., 408 
Bath, M. of, 35 
Bath and W., Bp. of, 255 
Bathurst, Earl, 103 
Battersea, Bn., 548 
Beauchamp, Earl, 150 
Beaufort, D. of, 13 
Beaumont, Bnss. [273— 
74j 

Bedford, D. of, 16 
Belhaven and S., Bn., 298, 
S. 82 

Bellew, Bn., 425, 1. 171 
Belmore, E. of, 126, 1. 57 



324 



Belper, Bil, 421 
Berkeley, Bnss. [^76^7] 
Berkeley, E. of; 73 
Berners, Buss. [276—7] 
Berwick, Bn., 318 
Bessborough. E. of, I. 26 
Biddulph, Bri., 596 
Birmingham, Bp. of, 266 
Blythswood, Bn., 541 
Bolingbroke and St. J., 

Visct., 203 
Bolton, Bn., 336 
Borthwick, Bn., 295, S. 71 
Boston, Bn., 305 
Botreaux, Bn. 275 
Bowes, Bn., 527 
Boyle, Bn., 299 
Boyne, Visct., I. 88 
Brabourne. Bn., 492 
Bradford, E. of, 149 
Brampton, Bn., 579 
Brancepeth, Bn., 451 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Bn., 524 
Braybrooke, Bn., 
Braye, Bn., 279 
Breadalbane, M. of, 50; 

E. of, S. 48 
Bridport, Visct., 224 ; Bn., 

I. 140 
Bristol, Bp. of, 26r 
Bristol, M. of, 45 
Brodrick, Bn., 333 
Brooke, Earl, 100 
Brougham & V., Bn., 439 
Brownlow, Earl, 146 
Buccleuch & Q.,D. of, S. 3 
Buchan, E. of, S. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of, 

101 

Burdett-Coutts, Bnss. 

[468-9] 
Burghclere, On., 559 
Burnham, Bn., 595 
Burton, Bn., 522 
Bute, M. of, 38 
Byron, Bn., 289 
Cadogan, Earl, 117 
Cairns, Earl, 183 
Caithness, E. of, S. 22 
Caledon, E. of, I. 62 
Calthorpe, Bn., 334 
Camden, Marq., 41 
Camoys, Bn., 276 
Camperdown, E. of, 160 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 219 
Carbery, Bn., I. 120 
Carew, Bn., 41 j, I. 168 
Carleton, Bn., 321 
Carlisle, E. of, 70 
Carnarvon, E. of, 116 
Carnwath, E. of, 86, S. 41 
Carrick, E. of, I. 27 
Carrington, Earl, 192 ; Bn., 

I. 142 

Carysfort, Bn., 351 ; E. of, 
I- 5i 

Cassillis, E. of, S. 21 
Castlemaine,Bn.,36i,I.i64 
Castlestewart, Earl, I. 60 
Castletown, Bn., 463 
Cathcart, Earl, 144, S. 65 
Cavan, E. of, I. 19 
Cawdor, Earl, 158 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 83 
Chaworth, Bn., 392 



236 



Chelmsford, Bn., 435 
Chesham, Bn., 434 
Chester, Bp. of, 251 
Chesterfield, E. of, 67 
Chetwynd, Visct., I. 86 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 533' 
Chichester, Bp. of, 247 
Chichester, E. of, 132 
Cholmondeley, M. of, 43; 

Visct., I. 82 
Churchill, Vise, 237 
Churston, Bn., 436 
Clancarty, Visct., 217 ; E. 

of, I. 6 S 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 158 
Clanricarde, M. of, I. 12 
Clan william, Bn., 385; E. 

of, I. 42 
Clarendon, E. of, 111 
Clarina, Bn., I. 161 
Clements, Bn., 390 
Clifden, Visct., 1. 100 
Clifford of C, Bn., 291 
Clifton, Bnss. [285-6] 
Clinton, Bn., 272 
Clive, Bn., I. 124 
Clonbrock, Bn., 344, 1. 137 
Cloncurry, Bn., 397. I- 136 
Clonmell, E. of, I. 54 
Cobham, Visct., 204 
Colchester, Bn., 366 
Colebrooke. Bn., 618 
Coleridge, Bn., 473 
Colville of C, Visct 

Bn., S. 74 
Combermere, Visct., 218 
Congleton, Bn., 424 
Connaught & S., H.R.H. 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., I. 119 
Conyngham, Marq., I. 10 
Cork and O., E. of, I. 14 
Cottenham, E. of 173 
Cottesloe, Bn., 475 
Courtney, Bn., 619 
Courtown, E. of, I. 33 
Coventry, E. of, 77 
Cowley, Earl, 174 
Cranbrook, E. of, 190 
Cranworth, Bn., 580 
Craven, E. of, 129 
Crawford & B., E. of, S. 

13 

Crawshaw, Bn., 542 
Cremorne, Bn., I. 145 
Crewe, E. of, 193 
Crofton, Bn., 346, I. 148 
Cromartie, Ctss.of [177—8] 
Cromer, E. of, 197 
Cross, Visct., 228 
Cumberland & T., H.R.H 

D. of, 25 
Curzon of K., Bn., I. 175 
Dalhousie, E. of, S. 39 
Darcy de Knayth, Bnss. 

Darnley^E. of, 121, 1. 24 
Dartmouth, E. of, 90 
Dartrey, E. of, 179 
Davey, Bn., 555 
Dawnay, Bn., 569 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I. 152 
Decies, Bn., 1. 165 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 271 
De Freyne, Bn., 427 
Delamere, Bn., 374 
De La Warr, Earl, 106 



De L'Isle and D., Bn., 401 
De Mauley, Bn., 412 
Denbigh, E. of, 62 
Denman, Bn., 399 
Derarnore, Bn., 513 
De Ramsey, Bn., 532 
Derby, E. of, 57 
De Ros (de R.), Bn., 268 
Derwent, Bn., 497 
Desart, E. of, 1. 52 
Desborough, Bn., 609 
Desmond, E. of, I. 16 
De Saumarez, Bn., 398 
De Vesci (de V.),Visct., I. 
07 

Devon, E. of, 60 
Devonshire, D. of, 17 
Digby, Bn., 308, 1. 117 
Dillon, Visct., I. 79 
Dingwall, Bn., S. 75 
Doncaster, E. of, 71 
Donegall, M. of, I. 5 
Doneraile, Visct., I. 101 
Donoughmore, E. of, I. 61 
Dorchester, Bnss. [580—1] 
Dormer, Bn., 286 
Douglas, Bn., 477 
Downe, Visct., I. 84 
Downshire, M. of, I. 4 
Drogheda, E. of, 120, 1. 20 
Ducie, E. of, 165 
Dudley, E. of, 176 
Dufferin & Ava, M. of, 51 ; 
D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. 
153 

Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 35 
Dunalley, Bn., 349, I. 157 
Dunblane, Visct., S. 61 
Dunboyne, Bn., 339, I. 114 
Dundonald, E. of, 88, S. 46 
Dunedin, Bn., 599 
Dunleath, Bn., 545 
Dunmore, Bn., 393 ; E. of, 
S. 50 

Dunning, Bn., 459 
Dunraven & Mt. E., E. of, 
I. 71 

Dunsandle & Clan C, Bn., 

I. 170 
Dunsany, Bn., I. 113 
Durham, Bp. of, 245 
Durham, E. of, 162 
Dynevor, Bn., 311 
Dysart, E. of, S. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 433 
Effingham, E. of, 164 
Egerton of T., Earl, 194 
Eglinton & W., E. of, S. 20 
Egmont, E. of, I. 25 
Eldon, E. of, 151 
Elgin, Bn., 426 ; E. of E. 

and Kinc, S. 36 
Elibank, Bn., S. 81 
Ellenborough, Bn., 353 
Ellesmere, E. of, 171 
Elphinstone, Bn., 515, S. 

Ely, M. of, I. 8 
Emly, Bn., 474 
Enniskillen, E. of, I. 49 
Erne, E. of, I. 50 
Erroll, E. of, S. 14 
Erskine, Bn., 356 
Esher, Visct., 232 
Essex, E. of, 69 
Estcourt, Bn., 557 
Ettrick, Bn., 469 



E 



34 



Introduction. 



Eversley, Bn., 620 
Exeter, Bp. of, 267 
Exeter, M. of, 39 
Exmouth, VisGt., 215 
Faber, Bn., 608 
Fairfax of C, Bn., S. 78 
Fairlie, Bn., 568 
Falkland, Visct., 202* S. 5' 
Falmouth, Visct., 205 
Farnham, Bn., I. J22 
Farquhar, Bn., S7S 
Farrer, Bn., 550, n 
Fauconberg andConyers, 

Bnss. [269—70] 
Fermanagh, Bn., 479 
Fermoy, Bn., I. 172 
Ferrers, Earl, 89 
Feversham, E. of, 1S0 
Ffrench, Bn., I. 149 
Field, Bn., 536 „ 
Fife, D. of, 29; Earl, I. 30 
Fingall, Bn., 388; E.of.I.iJ 
Fisher wick, Bn., 325 
Fitzhardinge, Bn., 442 
Fitzmaurice, Bn., 611 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 102, 1. 22 
Foley, Bn., 310 
Forbes, Bn., S. 62 
Forester, Bn., 375 
Forrester, Bn., S. 80 
Fortescue, Earl, 115 
Foxford, Bn., 364 „. ^ 
Frankfort de M., Visct., 

I- 108 ^. L T 

Gage, Bn., 326 ; Visct., 1. 91 
Gainsborough, E. of, 170 
Galloway, E. of, S. 30 
Galway, Visct., I. 92 
Gardner, Bn. (dormant), 

359, I. 162 
Garvagh, Bn., I. 166 
Gerard, Bn., 483 
Gilford, Bn., 377 
Glantawe, Bn., 622 
Glanusk, Bn., 578 
Glasgow, E. of, S. 56 
Glenesk, Bn., 562 
Gordon, Visct., 214 
Gormanston, Bn., 456 ; 

Visct., I. 75 
Gort, Visct., I. 109 
Goschen, Visct., 233 
Gosford, E. of, I. 66 
Gough, Visct., 222 
Grafton, D. of, 12 
Graham. Earl, 95 „ „ . 
Granard, Bn., 358; E. of, 

I. 21 

Grandison, Visct., I. 77 
Grantley, Bn., 315 
Granville, Earl, 163 
Graves, Bn., I. 139 
Gray, Bnss., S. 64 
Grenfell, Bn., 592 
Greville, Bn., 466 
Grey, Earl, 139 
Grey de B., Bn., 274 
Grimston, Visct., I. 89 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 519 
Grinstead, Bn., 3°3 
Guilford, E. of, 103 
Guillamore, Visct., I. no 
Gwydyr, Bn., 335 o o „ 
Haddington, E. of, 84, S. 29 
Haldon, Bn., 487 
Haliburton, Bn., 577 
Halifax, Visct., 223 
Halsbury, E. of, 195 
Hambleden, Visctss. [228 

Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of D., Bn., 523 
Hampden, Visct., 226 
Hampton. Bn., 476 
Harberton, Visct., I. 102 
Hardinge, Visct., 221 



Hardwicke, E. of, 104 
Hare, Bn., 461 
Harewood, E. of, 142 
Hai-lech, Bn., 480 
Harrington, E. of, 98 
Harris, Bn., 365 
Harrowby, E. of, 141 
Hartismere, Bn., 448 
Hastings, Bn., 270 
Hatherton, Bn., 403 
Havershani, Bn., 613 
Hawarden, Visct., I. 103 
Hawke, Bn., 309 
Hay, Bn., 300 
Headfort, M. of, I. 6 
Headley, Bn., 345, I. 146 
Hemphill, Bn., 614 
Heneage, Bn., 564 
Henley, Bn., I. 150 
Henniker, Bn., I. 154 
Hereford, Bp. of, 256 
Hereford, Visct., 201 
Herries, Bn., 505, S. 68 
Herschell, Bn., 516 
Hertford, M. of, 37 
Heytesbury, Bn., 383 
Hill, Visct., 2?o 
Hillingdon, Bn., 517 
Hillsborough, E. ol, no 
Hindlip, Bn., 518 
HolmPatrick, Bn., 571 
Home, E. of, S. 25 
Hood, Visct., 208 ; Bn., I. 
132 

Hopetoun, E. of, S. 57 
Hotham, Bn., I. 144 
Hothfield, Bn., 408 
Howard de W., Bn., 282 
Howard of G., Bn., 462 
Howe, Earl, 152 
Howth, Bn., 49s ; E. of, I. 
37 

Huntingdon, E. of, 58 
Huntingfield, Bn., I. 141 
Huntly, M. of, S. 9 
Hutchinson, Visct., 216 
Hylton, Bn., 449 
Iddesleigh, E. of, 188 
Ilchester, E. of, 105 
Inchiquin, Bn., 340, I. 116 
Innes, Earl, 167 
Inverclyde, Bn., 572 
Iveagh, Visct., 240 
James of H., Bn., 560 
Jersey, E. of, 78 
Joicey, Bn., 615 
Kelvin, Bn., 539 
Kenlis, Bn., 391 
Kenmare, Bn., 430 ; E. of, 

I. 63 
Kenry, Bn., 446 
Kensington, Bn., 521, I. 

128 

Kenyon, Bn., 323 
Ker, Bn., 367 
Kerry & S., E. of, I. 23 
Kesteven, Bn., 452 
Killanin, Bn., 585 
Kilinaine, Bn., 343, I. 135 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 387 
Kilmorey, E. of, 155, 1. 70 
Kimberley, E. of, 178 
Kingsale, Bn., I. m 
Kingston, E. of, I. 38 
Kinloss, Bnss., S. 73 
Kinnaird, Bn., 440, S. 86 
Kinnear, B 11., 566 
Kinnoull, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 588 
Kintore, Bn., 409; E. of, 
S.47 

Kitchener of K., Visct., 

235 

Knaresborough, Bn., 605 
Knollys, Bn., 593 
Knutsford, Visct., 230 



Lamington, Bn., 490 
Lanesborough, E. of, I. 29 
Langford, Bn., 347, 1. 151 
Lansdowne, M. of, 32 
Lathbm, E. of, 185 
Lauderdale, E. of, 85, S. 31 
Lawrence, Bn., 458 
Leconfield, Bn., 437 
Leeds, D. of, is 
Leicester, E. of, 168 
Leigh, Bn., 417 
Leinster, Visct., 207 ; D. 

of, I. 1 
Leith of F., Bn., 600 
Leitrim, E. of, 1. 55 
Lennox, i). of, S. 4 
Leven & M., E. of, 

42 

Lichfield, Bp. of, 253 
Lichfield, E. of, 161 
Lifford, Visct., 1. 98 
Lilford, Bn., 337 
Limerick, E. of, I. 64 
Lincoln, Bp. of, 249 
Lindley, Bn., 584 
Lindsay, E. of, S. 32 
Lindsey, E. of, 64 
Linlithgow, M. of, 53 
Lisburne, E. of, I. 41 
Lisle, Bn., I. 123 
Lister, Bn., 567 
Listowel, E. of, I. 72 
Liverpool, Bp. of, 264 
Liverpool, E. of, 199 
Llandaff, Visct., 231 
Llangattock, Bn., 546 
Loch, Bn., 556 
Loftus, Bn., 350 
Londesborough, E.of, 189 
London, Bp. of, 244 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of, I. 45 
Lonsdale, E. of, 140 
Loreburn, Bn., 610 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
Louth, Bn., I. 115 
Lovat, Bn., 407, S. 70 
Lovelace, E. of, 169 
Lovel & H., Bn., 306 
Lucan, E. of, 125, I. 56 
Lucas, Bn., 290 
Ludlow, Bn., 570 
Lumley, Visct., I. 80 
Lurgan, Bn., 419 
Lytton, E. of, 184 
Lyveden, Bn., 438 
Macclesfield, E. of, 94 
Macdonald, Bn., I. 127 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 

[538-9] 
Macnaghten, Bn., 526 
Magheramorne, Bn., 530 
Malmesbury, E. of, 118 
Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 360 
Mansfield, E. of, 112 
Manvers, Earl, 137 
Mar, E. of, 8o, S. 16 
Mar & K., E. of, 83, S. 24 
Marlborough, D. of, 18 
Masham, Bn., 538 
Massereene & F., Visct., 

I. 104 

Massy, Bn., 341, 1. 130 
Mayo, E. of, 122, I. 47 
Meath, E. of, I. 17 
Meldrum, Bn., 362 
Melfort, Ctss. of, S. 51 
Melville, Visct., 211 
Mendip, Bn., 329 
Meredyth, Bn., 445 
Methuen, Bn., 415 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 35 
Michelham, Bn., 607 
Middleton, Bn., 301 



Midleton, Visct., I. 7 
Milltown, E. of (dormt.), 
1.34 

Milner, Visct., 238 
Minster, Bn., 368 
Minto, E. of, 143 
Moiesworth, Visct,, I. 85 
Monck, Bn., 447; Visct., 

I. 105 
Monckton, Bn., 528 
Moncreiff, Bn., 473 
Monk Bretton, Bn., 502 
Monkswell, Bn., 510 
Monson, Bn., 302 
Montagu of B., Bn., 514 
MontEagle, Bn., 357 
S.lMonteagle of B., Bn., 420 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 
Moray, E. of, S. 23 
Morley, E. of, 148 
Mornington, E. of, I. 31 
Morton, E. of, 82, S. 18 
Mostyn, Bn., 395 
MountCashell, Earl, 1. 43 
Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 
114 

Mountgarret, Visct., I. 76 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 95 
Mount Stephen, Bn., 537 
Mowbray, Bn., 269 
Mulgrave, Bn., I. 125 
Muncaster, Bn., 576, 1. 133 
Munster, E. of, 159 
Muskerry, Bn., 342, 1. 131 
Nairne, Bn., S. 85 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 455 
Napier of Merch., Bn., 469, 

S. 77 
Nelson, Ear], 135 
Newborough, Bn., I. 126 
Newburgh, E. of, S. 45 
Newcastle, D. of, 23 
Newlands, Bn., 574 
Newton, Bn., 544 
Norbury, E. of, I. 73 
Norfolk, D. of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 47 
Norman ton, E. of, I. 68 
North, Bn., 280 
Northampton, M. of, 4c 
Northbourne, Bn., 503 
Northbrook, E. of, 182 
Northcliffe, Bn,. 606 
Northcote, Bn., 582 
Northesk. E. of, 87, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., 507 
Northumberland, D. of, 24 
Norton, Bn., 485 
Norwich, Bp. of, 254 
Nunburnholme, Bn., 616 
O'Brien, Bn., 586 
O'Hagan, Bn., 467 
O'Neill, Bn., 454 
Onslow, E. of, 130 
Oramnore & B., Bn., 406, 1. 
169 

Or ford, E. of, 138 
Oriel, Bn., 372 
Orkney, E. of, S. 52 
Ormathwaite, Bn., 453 
Ormonde, Bn., 369 ; M. of, 
I. 11 

Overtoun, Bn., 551 
Oxenfoord, Bn., 422 
Oxford, Bp. of, 265 
Peel, Visct., 229 
Pembroke & M., E. of, 59 
Penrhyn, Bn., 450 
Perth, E. of, S. 26 
Peterborough, Bp. of, 259 
Petre, Bn., 283 
Pirrie, Bn., 621 
Playfair, Bn., 547 
Plunket, Bn., 382 
Plymouth, E. of, 198 
Poltimore, Bn., 394 



Index to Rolls — Roman Catholic Peers — Representative Peers, 35 



PolWarth, Bn., S. 87 

Ponsonby, Bn., 303 

Portarlington, E. of, I. 

Portland, B. of, 21 

Portman, Visct.,- 225 

Portsmouth, E. of, 99 

Poulett, Ear], 79 

Powerscourt, Bn., 506; 
Visct., I. 93 

Powis, E. of, 134 
t Queensberry, M. of, S. 10 

Radnor, E. of, 107 
s Radstock, Bn., I. 159 
1 Raglan, Bn., 429 

Ramsay, Bn., 478 
IRanfurly, Bn., 380 ; E. of, 
I. 74 

fRathdonnell, Bn., 457, I. 
1 174 

Rathmore, Bn., 561 
iRavensworth, Bn., 373 
iRayleigh, Bn., 376 
iReay, En., 496, S. 79 
Redesdale, Bn., 594 
Rendel, Bn., 553 
IRendlesham, Bn., I. 163 
iRevelstoke, Bn., 509 
Ribblesdale, Bn., 338 
Richmond & G., D. of, 11 
Ridley, Visct., 234 
Ripon, Bp. of, 248 
Ripon, M. of, 48 
iRitchie of D.. Bn., 602 
iRoberts, Earl, 196 
(Robertson, Bn., 581 
Roden, E. of, I. 40 
Rodney. Bn., 316 
Rollo, Bn., S. 83 
Romilly, Bn., 444 
Romney,.E. of, 131 
Rosebery, Bn., 384 ; E. of, 
S. 55 

Rosmead, Bn., 565 



E. of, 136, I. 67 
Rosslyn, E. of, 128 
Rossmore, Bn., 410 : 1. 143 
Rothes, E. of, 8j, S. 17 
Rothesay, D. of, S. 1 
Rothschild, Bn., 508 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 ' 
Russell, Earl, 177 
Ruthven, Bn., S. 84 



Rutland, D. of, 19 
Sackville, Bn., 484 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 258 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
at. Aldwyiij Viscfci, 243 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 252 
St! David's, Bp; of. 260 
St. Germans, E. of, 147 
St. John of B., Bn., 281 
St. Leonards, Bn., 428 
St. Levan, Bn., 539 
St. Oswald, Bn., 512 
St. Vincent, Visct., 210 
Salisbury, Bp. of, 250 
Salisbury, M. of, 34 
Saltersford, Bn., 332 
Saltoun, Bn., 293, S. 63 
Sanderson, Bn., 603 
Sandhurst, Bn., 468 
Sandwich, E. of, 68 
Sandys, Bn., 354 
Savile, Bn., 535 
Saye & S., Bn., 284 
Scarbrough, E. of, 75 
Scarsdale, Bn., 304 
Seafield, E. of, S. 53 
Seaton, Bn., 421 
Sefton, Bn., 389 ; E. of, 1. 39 
Selborne, E. of, 187 
Selby, Visct., 239 
Sempill, Bn., S. 67 
Shaftesbury, E. of, 72 
Shannon, E. of, I. 28 
Sheffield, Bn., 355 ; E. of, 
I. 69 

Sherard, Bn., I. 118 
Sherborne, Bn., 319 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 56 
Shute, Bn., 486 
Shuttleworth, Bn., 589 
Sidmouth, Visct., 212 
Sil Chester, Bn., 371 
Sinclair, Bn., 294, S. 65 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerhill, Bn., 378 
Somers, Bn., 317 
Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 470 
Sondes, Earl, 186 
Southampton, Bn., 314 
Southesk, E. of, S. 37 
Southwark, Bp. of, 257 



Southwell, Visct., I. 96 
Spencer, Earl, 108 
Stafford, Bn., 288 
Stair, E. of, S. 54 
Stalbridge, Bn., 520 
Stamford, E. of, 65 
Stanhope, Earl, 93 
Stanley of A., Bn., 416 
Stanmore, Bn., 552 
Stewart of G., Bn., 331 
Stormont, Visct., S. 59 
Stradbroke, E. of, 153 
Strafford, E. of, 172 
Strange, Earl, 113 
Strathcona & Mt. R., Bn., 

Stratheden & C, Bn., 405 
Strathmore & K., E. of, S. 
27 

Strathspey, Bn., 501 
Stuart of Castle S., Bn., 330 
Sudeley, Bn., 414 
Sudley, Bn., 504 
Suffield, Bn., 322 
Suffolk & B., E. of, 61 
Sutherland, D. of, 27; E. 

of, S. 15 
Swansea, Bn., 549 
Taaffe, Visct., I. 81 
Talbot de M. Bn., 432 ; T. 

of M., Bn., I. 167 
Tankerville, E. of, 91 
Teignmouth, Bn., 1. 147 
Temple of S., Earl, 154 
Templemore, Bn., 396 
Templetown, Visct., 213, 1. 

107 

Tennyson, Bn., 500 
Tenterden, Bn., 381 
Teynham, Bn., 287 
Thring, Bn., 525 
Thurlow, Bn., 327 
Tollemache, Bn., 482 
Torphichen, Bn., 296, S.72 
Torrington, Visct., 206 
Townshend, Marq., 33 
Tredegar, Visct., 242 
Trevor, Bn., 491 
Trimlestown, Bn., I. 112 
Tweeddale, Bn., 494; M. 

of, S. 11 
Tweedmouth, Bn., 499 



Tyrone, Bn., 320 
Valentia, Visct., I. 78 
Vane> Earl, 156 
Vaux of J!., Bn., 278 
Veritry, Bn. 348* I. i55 
Vernon, Bn., 307 
Verulam, E. of, 145 
Vivian, Bn., 423 
j Wakefield, Bp. of, 262 
I Waldegrave, Earl, 96 
iWaleran, Bn., 604 
I Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, 
iWallscourt, Bn., I. 156 
Walsingham, Bn., 312 
Wandsworth, Bn., 557 
Warwick, E. of, ioo 
Waterford, E. of, I. 13 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark, Bn., I. 138 
Weardale, Bn., 612 
Welby, Bn., 554 
Wellington, 1). of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 370 ; E. of 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wenlock, Bn., 418 
Wentworth, Bnss. [278—9] 
Westbury, Bn., 441 
Westcote, Bn., I. 129 
Westmeath, E. of, 119,1. 15 
Westminster, D. of, 28 
Westmorland, E. of, 63 
Wharncliffe, E. of, 181 
Wicklow, E. of, 124, I. 53 
Wigan, Bn., 379 
Willoughby de B., Bn., 277 
Wilton, E. of, 133 
Wimborne, Bn., 488 
Winchester, Bp. of, 246 
Winchester, M. of, 31 
Winchilsea & N., E. of, 66 
Winterstoke, Bn., 617 
Winterton, Earl, I. 36 
Winton, E. of, 175 
Wolseley, Visct., 227 
Wolverton, Bn., 465 
Worlingham, Bn., 404 
Wrottesley, Bn.. 413 
Wynford, Bn., 386 
Yarborough, E. of, 166 
York, Abp. of, 6 
Zetland, M. of, 52 
Zouche of H., Bn., 273 



1S04465 



ROMAN CATHOLIC PEERS. 

Duke —Norfolk. 
Marquesses. — Bute, Ripon. 
Earls.— Abingdon, Ashburnham, Denbigh, Fingall, Gainsborough, Granard, Kenmare, Newburgh, 
Westmeath. 

Viscounts. — Gormanston, Llandaff, Southwell, Taaffe. 

Barons. — Acton, Arundell of Wardour, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Brampton, Braye, Camoys, 
Clifford of Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emly, Ffrench, Gerard, Herries, Howard of 
Glossop, Killanin, Louth, Lovat, Mowbray and Stourton, North, O'Brien, Petre, Stafford, 
Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden. 

SCOTTISH AND IRISH REPRESENTATIVE PEERS, 

WITH DATES FROM WHICH THEY HAVE SAT. 



SCOTTISH. 

Balfour of B., Bn., 1876 
Belhaven & S., Bn., 1900 
iorthwick, Bn., 1906 
3arnwath, E. of, 1892 
)undonald, E. of, 1886 
Falkland, Visct., 1894 
laddington, E. of, 1874 
jauderdale, E. of, 1889 
lar, E. of, 1886 
lar & Kellie, E. of, 1892 
lorton, E. of, 1886 



Northesk, E. of, 1900 
Rothes, E. of, 1906 
Saltoun, Bn., 1890 
Sinclair, Bn., 1885 
Torphichen, Bn., 1894 



IRISH. 

Annesley, Earl, 1877 
Bandon, E. of, 1881 
Bangor, Visct., 1885 
Bellew, Bn., 1904 



Belmore, E. of, 1857 
Castlemaine, Bn., 189! 
Clonbrock, Bn., 1895 
Crofton, Bn., 1873 
Darnley, E. of, 1905 
Drogheda. E. of, 1899 
Dunalley, Bn., 1893 
Dunboyne, Bn., 190 1 
Headley, Bn., 1883 
inchiquin, Bn., 1000 
Kilmaine Bn., 1893 
Kilmorey, E. of, 1882 



Langford, Bn., 1884 
Lucan, E. of, 1889 
Massy, Bn., 1876 
Mayo, E. of, 1890 
Muskerry, Bn., 1892 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 1902 
Rathdonnell, Bn., 1889 
Rosse, E. of, 1868 
Templetown, Visct., 1894 
Ventry, Bn., 1871 
Westmeath, E. of, 1901 
Wicklow, E. of, 19^5 



36 



Introduction. 



SCOTTISH AJ?D IRISH PEERS WITH IMPERIAL TITLES. 

The numerous Scottish and Irish Peers noticed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their "native " 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given in 
division lists of the House of Lords, but in a majority of instances, though far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former (precisely— 76 are inferior, 30 superior, 
12 identical in rank, and 15 more in both rank and designation). The higher title, 
which is naturally the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table. 

(1) Scottish and Irish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents. 



SStg} Abercorn,M.of 

Aberdeen, E.of,So Gordon, V. 

Argyll, D. of, Sc The same 

Armagh, E. of, Ir Cumberland & Teviotdale, 

H.R.H. D. of 

Arran, E. of, Ir Sudley, B. 

Athlumney, B.,Ir Meredyth. B. 

Atholl,D. of, Sc Strange, E. 

Auckland, B., Ir The same 

Barrington, V., Ir Shute, B. 

Bessborough, E. of, Ir Ponsonby, B. 

Boyne, V., Ir Brancepeth, B. 

Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. Breadalbane, M. of 

Bridport, B., Ir Bridport, V. 

Buccleuch <Sc Queensberry, D. Doncaster, E. of 
of, Sc. 

Garew, B., Ir The same 

Carrington, B.,Ir Carrington, Earl 

Carysfort, E. of, Ir Carysfort, B. 

Cassillis, E. of, Sc Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, B., Sc Cathcart, Earl 

Cholmondeley, V., Ir Cholmondeley, M. of 

Clancarty, E. of, Ir Olancarty, V. 

Olanricarde, M. of, Ir Somerbill, B. 

Clamvilliam, E. of, Ir ClanwiUiam, B. 

Clifden. K, Ir Mendip, B. 

Clive, B.,Ir Poivis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B.,Ir The same 

Colvillc(ofCulross) > B.,Sc... Colville of Culross, V. 

Conway. B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Conyngham, Marq., Ir Minster, B. 

Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Courtown, E. of, Ir Saltersford, B. 

Crawford, E.ofSc Wigan, B. 

Cremorne, B., Ir Durtrey, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of, Sc liamsa.v, 11. 

Desmond, E. of. Ir Denbigh, E. of 

Digby, B.,It The same 

Dingwall, B., Sc Lucas, B. 

Donegall, M. of, It Eisherwick, B. 

Donoughmore, E. of, Ir Hutchinson, V. 

Downe, P., Ir Dawnay, B. 

Doamshire, M. of, Ir Hillsborough, E. of 

Dufferin & Claneboye, li. ,Ir. Dufferin & Ava, M. of 
Dumblane [VDun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, I), of 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, M. of 

Dunmore, E.of,8c Dunmore, B. 

Dunravendk Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
of, Ir. 

Eglinton & Winton, E. of, Sc. Winton, E. of 

Earititnt, E. of, Ir Lovel & Holland, B. 

Elgin dc Kincardine, E. of, Elgin, B. 
Sc. 

Elphinstone, B.,Sc The same 

Ely, M. of, Ir Loftus, B. 

Enniskillen, E. of, Ir Crinstead, B. 

Erne, E.oflr Fermanagh, B. 

Erroll, E. of, Sc Kilmarnock, B. 

Fife, Earl, Ir Fife, I), of 

Fingall, E. of, Ir Fingall, B. 

FitzwUliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., Sc Verulam, E. of 

Caere, V., Ir Gage, B. 

Qiulowccy, E.of.Sc Stewart of Garliee, B. 

Qalwatf, v., Ir Monckton, B. 

Gardner, B., Ir The same 

Glasgow, E. of, Sc Fairlie, B. 

Gormanston, V ., It Gormanfiton, B. 

Gvsford. E, of, Ir Worlingham.B. 

Granard, E.of.lr Graeard B. 



Grandison, V., Ir Jersey, E. of 

Grimston, V., Ir Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of , Sc Brandon, D. of {Hamilton & 

* Brandon) 

Headfort, M. of, It Kenlis, B. 

Henley, if., Ir. Northington, B. 

Henniker, B.,It Hartismere, B. 

Herries, B., Sc The same 

Home, E. of, Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood. B.,Ir Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, Sc Linlithgow, M. of 

Howth, E. of, It Howth, B. 

Huntly, M. of, Sc Meldrum, B. 

Kenmare, E. of, Ir Kenmare, B. 

Kensington, B.,It The same 

Kerry & Shelburne, E, of, Lansdowne, M. of 
Ir. 

Kinnaird, B., Sc The same 

Kinnoull, E. 0/, Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E.ofSc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, D. of, Ir Leinster, V. 

Leitrim, E. of, Ir Clements, B. 

Lennox, D. of, Sc Richmond (<& Gordon), D. of 

Limerick, E. of, Ir Foxford, B. 

Listowel, E. of, Ir Hare, B. 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir Vane, Earl 

Lonaford, E.of,Ir Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M. of, Sc Kei, B. 

Loudoun, E. of, Sc Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B.,Sc The same 

Lumley, v., Ir Scarbrough, E. oj 

Massereene & Ferrard, V. Oriel, B. 
Ir. 

Meath, E.oflr Chaworth, B. 

Midleton, V., Ir Brodrick, B. 

Monck, V., It Monck, B. 

Montrose, D. of, Sc Graham, Earl 

Moray, E.of,Hc Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir Wellington, D. of 

Mulgrave, B., Ir Nonnanby, M. of 

Muncastcr, B.,Ir The same 

Nairne, B., Sc Lansdowne, M. of 

Napier, B.. Sc Ettrick, B. {Napier & 

Ettk.) 

Normanton, E. of, It Somerton, B. 

Ormonde, M. of, Ir Ormonde, B. 

Powerscourt, V., Ir Powerseourt, B. 

Ranfurly, E. of, Ir Ranfurly, B. 

Reay, B.,Sc The same 

Rollo, B.,8c Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E. of, Sc Rosebery, B. 

Rossmore, B., Ir The same. 

Rothesay, D. of, Sc Wales, H.R.H., Prince of 

Roxburghe, I), of, Sc Innes, Earl 

Seaiield, E. of, Sc Strathspey, B. 

Sefton, E.oflr Sefton, B. 

zbunnan, E. of, Ir Carleton, B. 

Sheffield, E. of, Ir Sheffield, B. 

Sligo, M. of, It MontEagle, B. 

So uthesk, E.of,Sc Balinhard, B. 

Stair, E.of,Sc Oxcnfoord, B. 

Stormont, V., Sc Mansfield, E. 

Strathmore {JcKinghorne), E. Bowes, B. 
of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of , Sc Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. . Talbot de Malahide, B. 

Tweeddale, M. of, Sc Tweeddale, B. 

Waterford, E. of, /}• Shrewsbury {& Talbot), E, of 

Water ford, M. of, Ir Tyrone, B. 

Wemyss & March, E. of, Sc. Wemyss, B. 
Westcote, B., Ir Cobham, V. 



Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 



37 



limes, Earl . 
Jersey, E. of. 

Kenlis, B 

Kenmare, B. 
Kenry, B. . . . 



Kensington, B. 

Ker, B 

Kilmarnock, B. 
Kinnaird, B. . . 
Kintore, B 



There are thus in the preceding list 82 Irish titles of a total 175 in the Irish Peerage, 
and 51 Scottish of a total 87 : of the entire 262 there are therefore 133 with Imperial 
titles and 129 without. The legislative predominance of Ireland over Scotland is thus 
conspicuous here as it is in the number of Representative Peers (28 against 16) and in 
their representation in the Commons (103 against 72). There are several among the 
names, however, that should be regarded as those of English nobles who have come also 
into possession of Scottish or Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess 
of Lansdowne, and the Earl of Verulam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to 
Imperial titles, as the list that follows will more readily exhibit. 

1 - (2) Imperial Titles with their Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

Ahpronrn M of i Abercorn, D. of, Ir. 

Abercorn, M. of j Abercorn, E. of, Sc. 

Ailsa, M.of Cassillis, E. of, Sc. 

Argyll, D. of The same, Sc. 

Auckland, B The same, Ir. 

Balinhard, B Southesk, E. of, Sc. 

Botreaux, B Loudoun, E. of, Sc. 

Bowes, B Strathmore (&Kinghorne), E. 

of, Sc. 

Boyle, B Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 

Brancepeth, B Boyne, V., Ir. 

Brandon, D. of (Hamilton & 

Brandon) Hamilton, D. of, Sc. 

Breadalbane, M. of Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. 

Bridport, V. Bridport, B., Ir. 

Brodrick, B Midleton, v., Ir. 

Bute, M.of Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. 

Carew, B The same, Ir. 

Carleton, B Shannon, E. of, Ir. 

Carrington, Earl Carrington, B., Ir. 

Carysfort, B Garysfort, E. of, Ir. 

Cathcartt Earl Cathcart, B., Sc. 

Chaworth, B Meath, E. of, Ir. 

Cholmondeley, M. of Cholmondeley, V., Ir. 

Clancarty, V Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 

Clanwilliam, B Glanwilliam, E. of, Ir. 

Clements, B Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 

Cloncurry, B The same, Ir. 

Cobham, V. Westcote, B., Ir. 

ColvilleofCulross,V. Colville (of Culross), B., 

Sc. 

Cumberland & Teviotdale, Armagh, E. of, Ir. 
H.R.H.D. of 

Bartrey, E.of Cremorne, B., Ir. 

Dawnay, B Downe, v., Ir. 

Denbigh. E- of _Desmond, E. of, Ir. 

Digby, B The same, Ir. 

Doncaster, E. of Buccleuch & Queensberry, D. 

of, Sc. 

Douglas, B Home, E. of, Sc. 

Bufferin & Ava, M. of Dufferin& Claneboye, B., Jr. 

Dunmore, B Dunmore, E. of, Sc. 

Dunning, B Rollo, B., Sc. 

Elgin, B Elgin & Kincardine, E of, 

Elphinstone, B The same, Sc. 

Ettrick, B. (Napier & Ettk.) Napier, B., Sc. 

Fairlie, B Glasgow, E. of, Sc. 

Fermanagh, B. Erne, E. of, Ir. 

Fife, B. of Fife, Earl.ir. 

Fingall, B Fingall, E. of, Ir. 

Fisherwick, B Bonegall, M. of, Ir. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl The same, Ir. 

Foxford, B Limerick, E. of, Ir. 

Gage, B Gage, V., Ir. 

Gardner, B The same, Ir. 

Gordon, V Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 

Gormauston, B Gormanston, v., Ir. 

Graham, Earl Montrose, D. of, Sc. 

Granard, B Granard, E. of, Ir. 

Grinstead, B Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 

Hare, B Listowel, E. of, Ir. 

Hartismere, B Henniker, B., Ir. 

Hay, B Kinnoull, E. of, Sc. 

Herries, B The same. Sc. 

Hertford, M.of Conway, B., Ir. 

Hillshorough, E. of Bownshire, M. of Ir. 

Hood, V. Hood, B., Ir. 

Howth, B. . Howth, E. of, Ir. 

Hutchinson, V. . , . , Bonoughmore, E, of. Ir. 



Lansdowne, M.of ... 

Leeds, D. of 

Leinster, V 

Linlithgow, M. of . 

Loftus, B 

Lovat, B 

Lovel & Holland, B. 

Lucas, B 

Mansfield, E.of 

Meldrum, B 

Mendip, B 

Meredyth, B. 

Minster, fi 

Monek, B 

Monckton, B 

MontEagle, B 

Muncaster, B 

Normanby, M. of . . 

Northington, B 

Oriel, B 



Ormonde, B 

Oxenfoord, B 

Ponsonby, B 

Powerscourt, B 

Povris, Eiof 

Ramsay, B 

Ranfurly, B 

Reay, B 

Richmond (& Gordon), D. of 

Rosebery, B 

Rossnwre, B 

Saltersford, B 

Scarbrough, E. of 

Sefton, B 

Sheffield, B 

Shrewsbury (& Talbot), E. of 

Shute, B 

Silchester, B 

Somerhill, B 

Somerton, B 

Stewart of Garlies, B 

Strange, Earl 

Strathspey, B 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . 

Suaiey, B 

Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot de Mulahide, B. .... 

Tweeddale, B 

Tyrone, B 

Vane, Earl 

Verulam, E. of ^ 

Wales, H.R.II. Prince of . . 

Wellington, D. of 

Wemyss, R. , . . 

Wigan, B 

Winton, E.of ,.. 

Wprlingham, B. , , , 



Roxburghe, B. of, Sc. 
Grandison, V., Ir. 
Headfort, M. of, Ir. 
Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 
Dunraven & Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Lothian, M. of, Sc. 
Erroll, E. of, Sc. 
The same, Sc. 
Kintore, E. of, Sc. 
Kerry & Shelburne, E. of, Ir. 
Nairne, B., Sc. 
Dumblane 1'1'Dun-], V., Sc. 
Leinster, B. of, Ir. 
Hopetoun, E. of, Sc. 
Ely, M. of, Ir. 
The same. Sc. 
Egmont, E. of, Ir. 
Dingwall, B., Sc. 
Stormont, V., Sc. 
H unity, M. of, Sc. 
Clifden, V., Ir. 
Athlumney, B., Ir. 
Conyngham, Mara., Ir. 
Monck, V.,Ir. 
Gahvay, V., Ir. 
Sligo, M. of, Ir. 
The same, Ir. 
Mulgrave, B., Ir. 
Henley, B., Ir. 
Massereene & Ferrard, V., 

Ir. 

Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 
Stair, E. of. Sc. 
Bessborough, E. of, Ir. 
Powerscourt, V., Ir. 
Clive, B., Ir. 
Dalhousie, E. of, Se. 
Ranfurly, E. of, Ir. 
Tlie same, Sc. 
Lennox, D. of, Sc. 
Rosebery, E. of, Sc. 
The same, Ir. 
Cowtown, E. of, Ir. 
Lumley, V., Ir. 
Sefton, E. of, Ir. 
Sheffield, E. of, Ir. 
Waterford, E. of, Jr. 
Barrington, V., Ir. 
Longford, E. of, Ir. 
Olanricarde, M. of, Ir. 
Normanton, E. of, Ir. 
Galloway, E. of, Sc. 
Atholl, B. of, Sc. 
Seafield, E. of, Sc. 
Moray, E. of, Sc. 
Arran, E. of.lv. 
Sutherland, E. of, Sc. 
Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 
Tweeddale, M. of, Sc. 
Waterford, M. of, Ir. 
Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 
Grimston, V., Ir. 
Forrester, B., Sc. 
Rothesay, D. of, Sc. 
Mc-rnington, E, of, Ir. 
Wemyss <g March, E. of, Sc. 
Orawford E, of, So, 
Mglinton <£ Winton, E, of. Sc. 
, Gasford, E. of, Ir, 



38 



Introduction. 



HISTOKIO PEERAGE, 

Showing the Dates of Existing Dignities in the Order in which they were Conferred. 
*#* Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Directory, and there 
folloAved by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
leading one. Note that both here and in the references the term " Baron " is employed uniformly, though under 
" Creations " it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation 



Peerages oj 'England, Scot- 
*land, and Ireland: all 

previous to 1387, by 

writ unless "tenure' 

is added. 
[Alex. I., 1107-24.] 
1114+ Mar, Earl (orig.) 
[David I., Scot. 1124-53.] 

(" fErcildun, Baron 
H40< +Lindsay of Craw- 

(. ford, Baron 
[Malcolm, Scot., 1 153-65] 
HenryII.,1154-1189, 
1155 Arundel, Earl 
(tenure) 

[Wm.,Scot., 1165-1214] 
1170 ?Laundres (!), Baron 
1177 ? Howth, Bn . (tenure) 
1180 I D el vin, Bn. (tenure 
Richard I.,i 1 89- 1 199 
(No creation surviving.) 

John, 1199-1216. 

1205 i Off aly,^n. (tenure) 
[Alex. II. Scot., 1214-49] 
Henry III., 1 2 16- 1 2 72 
1223 $Kingralk, Courcy, 
& Eingrone, Bn. 
[Alex. III. Scot.,1249-86] 
1250 \ Kerry & Lixnaw, 

Baron (tenure) 
1264 See 1283.* 
Edward I., 1272-1307 

1274 § Dunboyne, Baron 
1283 De Ros, Bn. 

Le Despencer, Bn. 
Mowbray, Baron 
Segrave, Baron 
Eauconberg, Bn. 
Ross of Kendal, Bn. 
(tenure) . 
[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90. 
then 2 yrs. interregnum] 
1290 Hastings, Baron 
[JohnBaliol, Scot., 1292- 
1306.] 

1295 \ Kerry, Baron 
1299 De Clifford, Baron 
Clinton, Baron 
Latimer, Baron 
De La Warr, Baron 
(precedence of) 
1302 '{Arklow (?), Baron 
1305 Botetourt, Baron 
[Robt. I. Scot., 1306-29] 
Edward II., 
1307-1327. 

1308 Zouche of Haryng- 

WORTH, Baron 

1309 Beaumont, Baron 
1313 Willoughby de 

Eresby, Baron 



3i6?Kildare, Earl 
1321 Dacre (Hampden), 
Baron 

1324 Grey de Ruthyn,!?. 

Edward III., 

I327-I377- 

1328 \ Ormonde, Earl 
[David II. Scot., 1329-71] 
1330 Maltra vers, Baron 
1332 Darcy de Knayth, 
Baron 

1336 +Garioch, Baron 

1337 Cornwall, Duke 
1350 $ Birmingham ('/) Bn. 
1368 Botreaux, Baron 
1370 \ Gormanston, Bn. 
[Robt. II. Seot. , 1371-90] 
!375 Boer, Baron 

Richardll. 1 377- 1 399 

1383 Camoys, Baron 

1387 Baronies by Letters 
Patent first created : 
all follg. by patent 
unless "writ" is 
added. 
1389 t Angus, Earl 

SDelvin, Bn. (writ) 
[Robert III. Scot., 1390- 
1406] 

1392 Bergavenny, Baron 
(writ) 

1397 ?Kingsale, Baron 

(patent) 

1398 +Crawford, Earl 
Henry IV., 1 399-141 3 

(No Engl, creation left.) 
1401 tDalkeith (Morton) , 
Baron 

1403 ?KiHeen, Baron 

1404 +Mar, Earl 

[Jas. I. Scot., 1406-37] 
Henry V., 141 3-1422. 

1421 Berkeley, Baron 
(writ) 

Henry VI., 1 422-1 461 

1424+Hay of Slains, Bn. 
1426 Hungerford, Baron 
(writ) 

1429 tErskine (Mar &| 
Kellie ?). Baron 



1445 +Saltoun, Baron 
+Gray, Baron 
+Campbell (Argyll), 

Baron 
+Glamis, Baron 
+Graham, Baron 

1446 ?Waterford, Earl 

1447 -I-Cathoart, Baron 
Saye and Sele, Bn. 

(writ) 

1448 Stourton, Baron 
tAAnS +Montgomerie,J?w. 

1449 j tSeton, Baron 

1450 tHuntly, Earl 
Bergavenny, 

Bn. (renewed) 

1452 +Borthwick, Baron 
+Kennedy, Baron 

1453 1-Erroll, Earl 
1455 +CAITHNESS, Earl 

(orig.) 

Berners, Baron 
1457 + Argyll, Earl 
1 . c o J + Rothes, Earl 
145{S ltBallinbriech, Bn. 

< +Morton, Earl 

\ tAberdour, Baron 
[Jas. in. Scot., 1460-88] 

Edward IV., 
1461-1483. 

1461 Hastings of Ashby 
de la Z., Bn. (writ) 
Herbert of Herbert, 

Baron (writ) 
?Trimlestown, Bn. 
?Dunsany, Bn. (pat.) 
1464 +Lovat, Bn. (orig.) 
( +Rotiisay, Duke 

1469 ] tCarrick, Earl 

{ + Renfrew, Baron 
{ +Buchan, Earl 
\ t Auchterhouse, Bn 

1470 tLorne, Baron 
1473 tHome, Baro?i 
1478 § Gormanston, Vt. 
..o„ I Norfolk, Duke 
1403 ( Surrey, Earl 

Edward V., 1483 
(3 months) . 
(No creation . ) 
Richard III., 
1483-1485 



1433 Arundel, Earl 

(tenure confirmed) (No cre Ztion surviving.) 
[Jas II. Scot., 1437-60] Henry yH 
1439 $ Dunsany, Baronl _ J ' 

(writ) I485-I509- 
i 1442 Shrewsbury, Earl 1485 Derby, Earl 
I tFoRBES, Baron 1488 tDrummond of Car- 
1445+Lindsay of thej _ gill, Baron 



Byres, Baron 

+ Leslie, Baron 

De Molines (Lou- 
doun), Bn. (writ) 



[Jas. IV. Scot. 1488-1513] 
1488 tCrichton of San- 
quhar, Baron 
+Hay of Yester, Bn. 



1489 tSiNCLAiR, Baron 
t Alloa, Baron 
1-Sempill, Baron 

1490 -tHerries, Baron 

1491 tOgilvy of Airlie,i?tt. 

1492 Willoughby de 

BROKE,i?aroj! (writ) 

1505 tMontrose, Earl ♦ 

1506 Herbert of Ragland, 

Baron 

1508 +Eg Linton, Earl 

1509 +Cassillis, Earl 

Henry VIII., 

I509-I547- 

1509 Conyers, Bn. (writ) 

1510 1\Elphinstone, Bn. 
[Jas. V. Scot. 1513-42.] 

1514 Worcester, Earl 
1523 Vaux of Harrow- 
den, Baron (writ) 
1525 Rutland, Earl 
1527 §Ossory, Earl 
1529 Braye, Baron (writ) 
Windsor, Bn. (writ) 
Wkntworth, Baron 

(writ) 
Huntingdon, Earl 
1537 §Thurles, Viscount 
1539 tLovAT, Baron 
(new charter) 
Russell of Cheneys, 

Baron 
St. John of Basing, 
Baron 

1541 ?Dunboyne, B. (pat.) 
\ Louth, Baron 
[Mary of Scot., 1542-67] 
?Clanricarde, Earl 
SDunkellin, Bn. 
§Inchiquin, Baron 
I tCAiTHNESS, Earl 
( tBerriedale, Bn. 

Edward VI., 

I547-I553- 

{ Seymour, Baron 
^ 4 ' \ Somerset, Duke 

1550 Bedford, Earl 
Wiltshire, Earl 
Hereford, Vise. 

5MOUNTG ARRET, 

Viscount 
?Kells, Baron 
( Pembroke, Earl 

1551 I Herbert of Cardiff, 
' Baron 
Winchester, Mq. 

*553 Paget, Baron (writ) 

Mary, 1553-1558. 

J 553 Devon, Earl 
1554 North, Baron (writ) 
Howard of Effing- 
ham, Baron 



1543 



* The first four of the Bnies. now pl;iced under 1283, together with that of Hastings (1290), were originally created 
by Sir Simon de Montfort in 1234 ; but the House of Lords has recently decided that no creation made by him can 
l«e valid. That of Fauronberg was made by first summons in 1283, renewed 1295. 



Historic Peerage. 



39 



\ Elizabeth, 1558-1603 
1559 St. John ofBletso, 
Baron 
t' t Moray, Earl 
1562 < tAbernethy and 
(. Strathearn, Bn. 
\\ 1564 +TORPHICHEN, Bn. 
1565 I ■('Sutherland, E. 
\ tStrathnaver, Bn. 
tMAR (M.&Kellie^ 
Earl [1625. 
[James YI. Scot., 1567- 
1571 Burghley, Baron 
1 1572 Lincoln, Earl 

D,e La Warr, Baron 
Norreys, Bn. (writ) 
1 1581 tDoune, Baron 
1 1587 tPaisley, Baron 
1 1590 tMaitland, Baron 
1 1591 tNewbottle, Baron 
1 1597 Howard de Wal- 
den, Baron (writ) 
_ ( +Huntly, Mara. 
1 1599 | tEnzie, #arZ 

I t Inverness, Vise. 
1 1600 \ tBadenoch, Loch- 
( aber, &c.,Bn. 
tBoxburghe, Baron 
\ ( tWiNTON, Earl 

•] tSeton & Tranent, 
C Baron 
; 1601 tCampbell of Lou- 
doun, Baron 
' 1602 tKiNLOSS, Baron 

} James I., 1603-1625. 

I 1603 Suffolk, Earl 

tAbercorn, Baron 
Cecil, Baron 
tDirleton, Baron 
Grey of Groby, Bn. 
Petre, Baron 
Russell of Thorn- 

liaugh, Baron 
Spencer (Marl- 
borough) , Baron 
Saye & Sele, Baron 
(patent) 
1604 tMurray of Tulli- 
bardine, Baron 
Cranborne, Viscount 

tCOLVILLE OF CuL- 

ROSS, Baron 
I g ( +Home, Earl 

5 ( tDunglass, Baron 
( +Perth, Earl 
I tDrammond of 
(. Stobhall, Baron 
Exeter, Earl 
f Montgomery, Earl 
^Herbert of Shur- 
t land, Baron 
Salisbury, Earl 
Cavendish of Hard- 
wick, Baron 
Arundell of War- 
dour, Baron 
tScone, Baron 
1606 t Lothian, Earl 

tSoott of Buccleuch, 

Baron 
tEentoun, Viscount 

I+Abercorn, Earl 
+Hamilton,MQunt- 
castle, and Kil- 
y patriot;, Bjaron 



1606J +Kinghorne, Earl 
\ tLyon&Glamis,^ 
tTullibardine, Earl 

1607 tGarlies, Baron 
-KBalfour of Bur- 
leigh, Baron 

1 608 CLiFTON(of Leighton 
Bromswold), Baron 

(writ) 

1609 "KDingwall, Baron 
tMaderty, Baron 

1610 tCardross, Baron 

1611 +St. Colme, Baron 
1613 +Binning&Byres,i?w 

1615 Dormer, Baron 

1616 tLauderdale, Vt. 
tCarnegie of Kin- 

naird, Baron 
tMelville, Baron 
Teynham, Baron 
?Brabazon of Ardee, 

Baron 
\ Moore, Baron 
\ i Boyle of Youghal, 

Baron 

{tBoxburghe, Earl 
tKerofCessford,£». 
Stanhope (Chester- 
field) , Baron 

1617 ^Hamilton of Stra- 

bane, Baron 

1618 \ Lambart of Cavan. 

Baron 
Northampton, Earl 
Devonshire, Earl 
tRamsay of Dal- 

housie, Baron 

1619 +Kellie, Earl 

i+Buccleuch, Earl 
tScottofWhitches- 
ter and Eskdaill, 
Baron 
1-Haddington, Earl 
\ Stuart of Castle- 
stuart, Baron 

1620 ?Grandison, Vt. 
(SDiGBY, Baron 

( \ Cork, Earl 
\ \ Dungarvan, Vt. 
\ +Falkland, Vt. 
\ +Cary, Baron 
§Fitzwilliam, Baron 
(Mandeville, Vt. 
I Montagu of Kim- 
' bolton, Baron 
?Caulfeildof Charle 

mont, Baron 
I Feilding, Viscount 
\ Feilding, Baron 
^Antrim, E. (orig.) 

1621 Brooke, Baron 

I Moore, Viscount 

tSTORMONT, Vise. 

$Westmeath, Earl 
( Andover, Viscount 

1622 < Howard of Charl- 
' ton, Baron 

m +Ayr, Viscount 
t Jedburgh, Baron 
SValentia, Vise. 
§ Dillon, Viscount 

! Denbigh, Earl 
\ Desmond, Earl 
(iCallan, Viscount 
$ Feilding, Baron 



1623 Maidstone, Viscount 
+Galloway, Earl 

itLAUDERDALE, E. 
tMaitland, Vise. 
tThirlestane and 
Boltoun, Baron 
( Westmorland, i£. 
( Burghersh, Baron 

Charles I., 1625- 1649 

1625 \ Chichester (Done- 
gall), Vise, and Bn. 

$Kilmorey, Viscount 

1626 Manchester, Earl 
Berkshire, Earl 
Lindsey, Earl 

1627 ?Meath, Earl 
tDupplin, Vise. 
tHay of Kinf auns, 

Baron 
tNAPIER of Mer- 

CHIStoun, Baron 
Poulett, Baron 
^Sherard, Baron 

tF A I R F A X OF 

Cameron, Baron 
Fitzalan of Clun 

andOswaldestre, 

Baron 

1628 Brudenell, Baron 
(\ Boyle of Kinal- 
I meaky, Viscount 
■I ?Bandon Bridge, 

Baron 
\JBroghill, Baron 
Stamford, Earl 
( tDrumlanrig, Vt. 
\ tDouglas of Haw- 
( ick & Tibbers, Bn 
tWemyss, Baron 
Strange, Baron (writ) 
+Reay, Baron 
Winchilsea, Earl 
^Lumley, Viscount 
* ?Taaffe, Viscount 
\ ^Ballymote, Baron 
Chesterfield, Earl 
tDalzell, Baron 
§Fingall, Earl 
SMolyneux, Vise. 

1629 \ Mountnorris, Bn. 
tAtholl, Earl 
\ Burke, Viscount 
?Ikerrin, Viscount 

1633 tKiNNOULL, Earl 
( t Lindsay, Earl 
\ tParbroath, Baron 
I tLoUDOUN, Earl 
\ tTarrinzean and 
( Mauchline, Bn 
I tDuMFRiES, Earl 
\ tCrichton of Cum- 
( nock, Baron 
tQueensberry, Ea 

! tDouglas, Mara. 
tAbernethy and 
Jedburgh Fo- 
rest, Baron 
( +Elgin, Earl 
\ tBruce of Kinloss, 
( Baron 
1 tSoUTHESK, Earl 
I tCamegie of Kin- 
j naird&Leuchars, 
' Baron 



{+Ancram, Earl 
tKerr of Nisbet, 
&c, Baron 
( tWEMYSS, Earl 
} tElchoandMethel, 
( Baron 

I tDALHOUSiE, Earl 
\ tRamsay of Ker- 
' rington, Baron 
t Forrester (Veru- 

lam), Baron 
tLindsay of Bal- 

carres, Baron 
C tAiRLiE, Earl 
639 { tOgilvy of Alyth & 
( Lintrathen, Bn. 
1-Carnwath, Earl 
tBosehill and Inglis- 

maldie, Baron 
1640 Stafford, Baron 
641 Capell, Baron 
i tLEVEN, Earl 
\ tBalgonie, Baron 

j tARBUTHNOTT, Vt. 

\ tlnverbervie, Bn. 
tBalvaird, Baron 

1642 Worcester, Mara. 

1643 tELiBANK, Baron 
tHAMiLTON, Duke 
tClydesdale, Ma. 
tArran, Earl 
tLanark, Earl 
tCambridge, Earl 
tAven, Baron 
tlnnerdale, Bn. 
tPolmont, Bn. 
tMachanshire, Bn. 

Sunderland, Earl 
( tDi'SART, Ea,rl 
I tHuntingtower, 
' Baron 
Byron, Baron 

1644 Norfolk, Earl 

C Glamorgan, Earl 
\ Grosmont, Vise. 
( Beaufort, Baron 
tMontrose, Mara. 
Ward, Baron 
I tSelkirk, Earl (?) 

1646 \ tDaer and Short- 
( cleuch, Baron 
tTweeddale, Earl 

1647 SDonegall, Earl 
{ ? Cavan, Earl 

\ ?Kilcoursie, Vise. 

tNORTHESK, Earl 
tBELHAVEN & STEN- 

ton, Bar on 
tFalconer, Baron 

{tKlNCARDINE,-EJa?-Z 
tBruce of Tony, 
Baron 
t Cochrane of Dun- 
donald, Baron 



Charles II., 1649-85 

(in exile 1649-60, but the 
interim creations made 
by him). 

JtBALCARRES, Ear 
^"[tBamiel, Baron 
tBoLLO, Baron 
iEuthven, Baron 



4o 



Introduction. 



f Sandwich, Earl 
I Hinchingbrooke, 
l66o4 Viscount 

Montagu of St. 
I Neots, Baron 
\ Orrery, Earl 

I tAboyne, Earl 

I I Gordon of 

' Strathavon, Bn. 
( ?Massereene, Vt. 
\ ? Loughneagh, Bn. 
( tNEWBURGH, Earl 
I tKynnaird, Vise. 
[ tLevingstone, Bn. 

1661 $Cholmondeley, 

Viscount 
i Essex, Earl 
\ Maiden, Viscount 
Cardigan, Earl 
TWnsbend, Baron 
Carlisle, Earl 
Howard of Mor- 
peth, Viscount 
Dacre, Baron 
?Drogheda, Earl 
Ashley, Baron 

(tBuccLEUCH, Duke 
tDalkeithj Earl 
Doncaster, Earl 
Scott of Tyndale, 
Baron 
Lucas, Baron 

1664 St. Liz, Baron 
Arlington, Baron 

1665 §Charlemont, Vt. 
Craven, Baron 

I +Dundonald, Earl 
1669 I ^Cochrane of 

( Paisley, Baron 
fi ( Arlington, Earl 

1072 \ Thetford, Viscount 

Clifford of Chud- 

leigh, Baron 
( Shaftesbury, E. 
( Cooper, Baron 
( Euston, Earl 
I Ipswich, Viscount 
( Sudbury, Baron 
(■ ) Latimer, Viscount 

1073 \ Osborne, Baron 
,Zha S +Osborne, Viscount 

1074 j Danby, Earl 
Einch, Baron 

1675 -KDunblane, Vt. 
I Richmond, Duke 
I March, Earl 
[ Settrington, Baron 
Grafton, Duke 
I +Lennox, Duke 
I tDarnley, Earl 
{ +Methuen, Baron 
\ SGranard, Vt. 
\ JClanehugh, Baron 
/ tAtholl, Marquess 

e- c 1 tBalquhidder, Vt. 

1070 \ +Murray,Balvenie, 
\ and Gask, Baron 
i Burford, Earl 
\ Hedington, Bn. 
( tKiNTORE, Earl 

1677 ] tKeith of In- 
' verurie, Baron 



1677 



■KBreadalbane 

and Holland, E. 
tTay and Paint- 
land, Viscount 
tGlenorchy, 
Benederaloch, 
Ormelie, and 
Weick, Baron 
+Strathmore & 

Kinghorne, E. 
tLyon, Viscount 
tTannadyce, Sid- 
law, and Strath- 
dichtie, Baron 
1679 Manners of Had- 
don, Baron (writ) 
( Berkeley, Earl 
\ Dursley, Viscount 
i68o?Downe, Viscount 

1681 +Nairne, Baron 
Nottingham, Earl 
Lumley, Baron 

1682 +Q,UEENSBERRY, Mq. 

Ossulston, Baron 
1 1 Aberdeen, Earl 
I tFormartine, Vt. 

-I tHaddo, Methhc, 
1 Tarves, and 
V Kellie, Baron 
Abingdon, Earl 
Beaufort, Duke 
Dartmouth, Baron 

Townshend of Rayn- 

ham, Vt. 
\ Weymouth, Vt. 
\ Thynne, Baron 
tKiNNAiRD, Baron 

1683 Guilford, Baron 

1684 St. Albans, Duke 
?Granard, Earl 

James II., 1685-1688. 

( tMelfort, Viscount 

1685 < tDrummond of 

( Gilstoun, Baron 
Churchill (Marl- 
borough), Baron 

1686 Waldegrave, Baron 
C +DUNMORE, Earl 

J tFincastle, Vt. 
j tMurray of Blair, 
\ Baron 
I tStrathallan, V. 
I tLrummond of 
' Cromlix, Baron 
/ +Melfort, Earl 
coo ' + Forth, Viscount 
looe < +Drumm0 nd of 
I Riccartoun, Bn. 

William III., 

1 689- 1 702. 
1689 Carmarthen, Mq. 
Marlborough, Earl 
( Portland, Earl 
J Woodstock, Vt. 
{ Cirencester, Baron 
Lumley, Viscount 
Cholmondelcy, Bn 
Ashburnham, Baron 
+Melville, Earl 
,c nn j tKirkaldie, Vt. 
109O< itEaith,Monymail 
& Balwearie, Bn 



1690 Scarbrough, Earl 
( tStair, Viscount 
I tGlenluce and 
( Stranraer, Baron 
+Polwarth, Baron 
1 S Villiers, Viscount 
1091 j villiers, Baron 

1694 Leeds, Duke 
( Bedford, Duke 
\ Tavistock, Marq. 
\ Devonshire, Duke 
\ Hartington, Marq. 

( tTwEEDDALE, Mq. 

\ tGifford, Earl 
' tWalden, Viscount 

1695 Howland, Baron 
I $Lisburne, Vt. 

\ ?Vaughan of Fe- 
( thard, Baron 
I +Orkney, Earl 
696 \ tKirkwall, Vt. 
{ tDechmont, Baron 
Albemarle, Earl 
Bury, Viscount 
Ashford, Baron 
1-March (Wemyss 
& M.), Earl 

1697 \ t Peebles, Viscount 
tDouglas of Neid- 

path &c, Baron 
Coventry, Earl 
Deerhurst, Vt. 
Jersey, Earl 

1698 Barnard, Baron 

1699 tBoyle of Kelburne 
&c, Baron 

(tRosebery, Vt. 

1700 < tPrimrose and 
( Dalmeny, Baron 

+ Argyll, Duke 
tLorn and Kin- 
tyre, Marquess 
tCampbell and 

1701 i Cowall, Earl 
7 1 tLochow and 

Glenyla, Visct. 
tlnveraray, Mull, 
Morvern, and 
Tirie, Baron 

tLOTHIAN, Mq. 
tBriene, Viscount 
tKerr of New- 
bottle, Baron 
+Seafield, Earl 
tReidhaven, Vt. 
tOgilvy of Desk- 
ford, Baron 
\ iSStrabane, Vt. 
\ ?Mountcastle, Bn 

Anne, 1702-1714. 

j Marlborough, Dk 

1702 \ Blandford, Mq. 

1703 Guernsey, Baron 
Gower, Baron 
Conway of Ragley. 

Baron 
Hervey, Baron 
< Rutland, Duke 
\ Granby, Marquess 
( i-Stair, Earl 
\ tDalrymple, Vt. 
{ tNewliston, Baroi 



, vr ._ ) +Rosebery, Earl 
170,3 { +Inverkeithing,F«. 

!+Glasgow, Earl 
tKelbume, Vt. 
tBoyle of Stewar- 
toun &c, Baron 

{tBuTE, Earl 
tKingarth, Vt. 
tMount Stuart, 
Cumra, and 
Inchmarnock, 
Baron 
( +Hopetoun, Earl 
\ tAithrie, Viscount 
{ tHope, Baron 
+Atholl, Duke 
tTullibardine, Mq. 
tStrathardle and 

Strathtay, Earl 
tBalquhidder, 
Glenalmond, and 
Glenlyon, Vt. 

i+Garnock, Viscount 
tKilbirnie, Eongs- 
burn, and 
. Drumry, Baron 

"FOjUEENSBERRY 

( (Buccleuch),Z>ft. 
+Dumfriesshire,J/. 
I tDrumlanrig and 
,„ fi J Sanquhar, Earl 
17 ° b |tNith, Torthor- 
wald, and Ross, 
J Viscount 
\tDouglas of Kin- 
mont &c, Baron 
\ Poulett, Earl 
( Hinton, Viscount 
\ Cholmondeley, E. 
\ Malpas, Viscount 

ft Montrose, Duke 
tGraliam and Bu- 
chanan, Mq. 
tKincardine, Earl 
tDundaff, Viscount 
tAberruthven, 
Fintrie, and 
Mugdock, Baron 
tRoXBURGHE, Duke 

tBowmont & Cess- 
ford, Marquess 
tKelso, Earl 
tBroxmouth, Vt. 



Peerages of Gt. Britain 
and of Ireland. 
S Ferrers, Earl 

1711 \ Tamworth, Vt. 

\ Dartmouth, Earl 
) Lewisham, Vt. 
Boyle (of Marston), 

Baron 
Hay (of Pedwar- 

dine), Baron 
Middleton, Baron 

1712 Bathurst, Baron 

t BOLINGBROKE, Vt. 

1 St. John of Lydi- 
( ard Tregoze, Bn. 
( Brandon, Duke 

\ Dutton, Baron 

2 Conway (of Kill- 

ultagh) , Baron 



Historic Peerage. 



4i 



George I., 
1714-1727. 

1714 Bristol, Earl 
Tankerville, Earl 
Aylesford, Earl 
Cobham, Baron 

1715 ?Newborough 
(Cholmondeley), Bn. 
JBrodrick, Baron 

\ Perceval, Baron 
SCarbery, Baron 
\ Hamilton of Stack- 

allan, Baron 
\ Newtown-Butler, 
Baron 

1716 Parker of Maccles- 

field, Baron 
Onslow, Baron 
Romney, Baron 

(St. John (Boling- 
broke & St. J.), 
Viscount 
St. John of Bat- 
tersea, Baron 
( Portland. Duke 
X Titchfield,' Ma. 
Newburgh (Chol- 
mondeley), Baron 

I ?MOLESWORTH,F*. 

( ?Philipstown, Bn. 

I ?FlTZWILLIAM, E. 

\ \ Milton, Viscount . 

1717 \ ?CHETWYND, Vt. 

171 ' \ ?Rathdown, Baron 
1" Stanhope of 
■< Mahon, Viscount 
(. Stanhope, Baron 

SMlDLETON, Vt. 

?Boyne, Viscount 
I \ Hillsborough, Vt. 
UHillofKilwarlin, 
\ Baron 

\ Southwell, Baron 

1718 Stanhope, Earl 

( ?Aylmer of Bal- 
X rath, Baron 
Cadogan, Baron 
Cobham, Viscount 

1719 Manchester, Duke 
\ $ Grimston, Vt. 

\ $Dunboyne, Baron 
I Falmouth, Vt. 

1720 < Boscawen-Rose, 
' Baron 

I Lymington, Vt. 
\ Wallop, Baron 
i §Barrington, Vt. 
\ SBarrington^arow 
I $Gage, Viscount 
\ SGage, Baron 
I \ Tyrone, Viscount 
\ (SBeresford, Baron 

1721 §Bessborough, Bn. 

? Clifton of Rath- 
more, Baron 
i Torrington, Vt. 
\ Byng, Baron 
i Macclesfield, E. 
\ Parker, Viscount 
( Graham, Earl 

1722 I Graham of Bel 
' ford, Baron 
Percy (Atholl), Bn. 

(writ) 



1723 § Perceval, Viscount 
I ? Kerry, Earl 
I ? Clanmaurice, Vt. 
JDuncannon, Vt. 
§Darnley, Viscount 
Walpole of Wal- 
pole, Baron 
(King of Ockham, 
172 5 \ Baron 

?Darnley, Earl 

George II., 

1 727- 1 760. 

1707$ ?Galway, Vt. 
Xlil X SKillard, Baron 
1728 Hobart, Baron 
Monson, Baron 
?Lanesborough, Vt. 
,_ 2Q I Waldegrave, E. 
' 9 \ Chewton, Viscount 
1730 Harrington, Baron 

( ASHBURNHAM, E. 

\ St. Asaph, Vt. 
1733 ? Castle Durrow, Bn. 
SEgmont, Earl 
?Desart, Baron 
Hardwicke, Baron 
Talbot, Baron 
1735 ?Braco, Baron 
1739 ?Bessborough, E. 
1741 Ilchester and 

Strangways, Bn. 
_ ( Harrington, Earl 
74 ^ \ Petersham, Vt. 
Fitzwilliam of Mil- 
ton, Baron 
Edgcumbe, Baron 

1743 Portsmouth, Earl 
J Newport (Roden), 

Baron 

( ^POWERSCOURT, 

1744 < Viscount 
' ? Wingfield, Baron 

1746 Bruce of Totten- 

ham, Baron 
Fortescue, Baron 
Brooke, Earl 
< Gower, Earl 
X Trentham, Vt. 
jMornington, Bn. 
^Tyrone, Earl 
Buckinghamshire, 

Earl 

I FlTZ WILLIAM, E. 

X Milton, Viscount 

1747 Ilchester, Stavor- 

dale, and Red- 
lynch, Baron 
Leinster, Viscount 
( Folkestone, Vt. 
J Longford (Rad- 
( nor) , Baron 

1748 ?Carrick, Earl 

1749 PoNSONBY (Of 

Sysonby), Baron 
( Northumberland, 
J Earl 

( Warkworth, Bn. 

1750 Vere, Baron 
$Knapton, Baron 
i Hertford, Earl 

X Beauchamp, Vt. 

1751 ? Ashbrook, Vt. 

i I Hillsborough, E, 
X ?Kilwarlin, Vt. 



j ?Fitzmaurice, Vt. 
1/51 i ?Dunkeron, Bn. 

1752 ?Carysfort, Baron 
Guilford, Earl 

1753 ? Shelburne, Earl 
SPollington, Baron 

17 I Hardwicke, Earl 
754 ( Royston, Viscount 
1755? Jocelyn, Viscount 
/ ? Shannon, Earl 
I 5 Boyle of Bandon, 
1756 s Viscount 

§ Castle Martyr, 
I Baron 

JMountmorres, Bn. 
\ Russborough, Bn. 
\ Farnham, Baron 
\ Longford, Baron 
Hyde, Baron 
"Walpole of Wolter- 

ton, Baron 
Ilchester, Earl 
?Lanesborough, E. 
Newcastle, Duke 
Harwich, Baron 
o ( §Sudley, Viscount 
'5 X \ Saunders, Baron 
1 Lisle, Baron 
ijCourtown, Baron 
I Annesley, Baron 
( ?Fife, Earl 
759 X I Macduff, Vt. 
Warwick, Earl 

George III., 

1 760-1 820. 
1760 Wycombe of Chip- 
ping Wycombe, 

Baron 
Sondes, Baron 
?Headfort, Baron 
\ Russborough, Vt. 
?Mountflorence, Bn. 
JMontEagle of 

Westport, Baron 
j ?Mornington, E. 
X ?Wellesley, Vt. 
\ De La Warr, E. 
1701 X Cantelupe, Vt. 
\ ?Kildare, Mara. 
\ SOffaly, Earl 
i Spencer, Viscount 
X Spencer, Baron 
Mount Stuart, Bn. 
Grantham, Baron 
Grosvenor, Baron 
Scarsdale, Baron 
Boston, Baron 
$Winterton, Baron 
1762?Clive (of Plassey), 

Baron 
?Arran, Earl 
\ ?Courtown, Earl 
X ?Stopford, Vt. 
?Headfort, Viscount 
Pelham, Baron 
Lovel & Holland, 

Baron 
Vernon of Kinder - 

ton, Baron 

1763 Ducie, Baron 
?Milltown, Earl 

\ MOUNTMORRES, Vt, 

1764 ? Kingston, Baron 



1764 ?Kilworth, Baron 

1765 Camden, Baron 
Digby, Baron 
( Radnor, Earl 
\ Pleydell-Bouverie, 
( Baron 
I Spencer, Earl 
X Althorp, Vt., 1st cr. 

1766 ?MountCashell, Vt. 
\ SMexborough, E. 
X ?Pollington, VI. 
j ?Winterton, Earl 
X \ Tumour, Vt. 

( NORTHUMBER- 

< land, Duke 
\ Percy, Earl 
SBective, Earl 
^Glerawly, Viscount 
SKingsborough, Vt. 
\ ?Clanwilliam, Vt. 
X SGillford, Baron 
\ Leinster, Duke 
Sundridge, Baron 
\ §Howth, Earl 
1707 U St. Lawrence, Vt. 

? Mulgrave, Baron 
1768 ?Lifford, Baron 
?Erne, Baron 
i Westport, Viscount 
? Kingston, Earl 

1770 ? Arden, Baron 

I Bangor, Baron 
^Dawson, Baron 

1771 Apsley, Baron 
?Sefton, Earl 
JRoden, Earl 
§Altamont, Earl 

1772 Bathurst, Earl 

i Hillsborough, E. 
X Fairford, Viscount 
1776 Hamilton of Ham- 
bled en, Baron 
Brownlow, Baron 
Cardiff, Baron 
Harrowby, Baron 
Hawke, Baron 
Foley, Baron 
Ailesbury, Earl 
Clarendon, Earl 
?Doneraile, Baron 
Cranley, Baron 
?Lisburne, Earl 
ij Southwell, Vt. 
?De Vesci, Viscount 
\ Clan willi am, E. 
^Enniskillen, Vt. 
?Gosford, Baron 
^Newborough, Bn. 
?Macdonald, Bn. 
\ Kensington, Bn. 
?Westcote, Baron 
?Carlow, Viscount 
?Lucan, Baron 
ijClifden, Baron 
?Naas, Baron 
^Templetown, Bn. 
\ Massy, Baron 
Mansfield (of 
Notts., 1st Earl- 
dom), Earl 
?Clonmore, Baron 
1780 Dynevor, Baron 
Walsingham, Bn. 
Bagot, Baron 



42 



Introduction. 



1780 Porchester, Baron 
Southampton, Bn. 

1781 §Lifford, Viscount 
?Conyngham, Bn. 
QMountCashell, 

Earl 

§Muskerry, Baron 
$Desart, Viscount 
?Erne, Viscount 
?Belmore, Baron 
\ Sheffield of Duna- 

more, Baron 
\ Bangor, Viscount 
JClifden, Viscount 
?Mayo, Viscount 
? Welles, Baron 
Mount Edgcumbe 

and Valletort, 

Viscount 

1782 Grantley of Mar 

kenfield, Baron 
Rodney, Baron 
?Hood, Baron 

1783 ?Harberton, Baron 
?Leitrim, Baron 

\ Donoughmore, Bn. 
\ Sheffield of Bos 

common, Baron 
$Muncaster, Baron 

1784 Lovaine of Alnwick 

Bar on 
Eliot, Baron 
?Earlsfort, Baron 
\ Abergavenny, E. 
\ Nevill, Viscount 
Somers of Evesham, 

Baron 
Boringdon, Baron 
Uxbridge, Earl 
Berwick, Baron 
Sherborne, Baron 
( Talbot (Shrews- 
] bury & T.), Earl 
( Ingestre, Viscount 
I Grosvenor, Earl 
\ Belgrave, Vt. 

!Lansdowne, Ma. 
"Wycombe, Earl 
Calne & Calstone, 
Viscount 
(\ Antrim, Earl 
j 785 X (new patent) 
( ^Dunluce, Vt. 
{Gosford, Viscount 

\ DONERAILE, Vt. 

iiWicklow, Viscoiuit 
§Loftus, Baron 
?De Montalt, Baron 
'(> Longford, Earl 

I PORTARLINGTON, E. 

$Mayo, Earl 
17 Stafford (Suther- 
land), Marquess 
{ Camden, Earl 
) Bayham, Viscount 
Hamilton (Aber- 

corn), Viscount 
i Strange, Earl 
\ Murray of Stan 
( ley, Baron 
Tyrone, Baron 
Carleton, Baron 
Suffield, Baron 
Townsiiend, Mq. 



1788 Kenyon of Greding 

ton, Baron 
Howe, Baron 
Braybrooke, Baron 
Amherst, Bn. (Earl 

A.) 

Malmesbury, Baron 

1789 ?Annesley, Earl 
?Enniskillen, Earl 
?Erne, Earl 
SCarysfort, Earl 
$Clonmell, Viscount 
?Waterford, Mq. 
?Downshire, Ma. 
Salisbury, Mq. 

B ath, Marquess 
Mount Edgcumbe, 
Earl 

( Forte scue, Earl 
\ Ebrington, Vt. 
^Londonderry, Bn. 
\ Auckland, Baron 
?Kilmaine, Baron 
JCloncurry', Baron 
?Belmore, Viscount 
SConyngham, Vt. 
$Loftus, Viscount 

1790 \ Glentworth, Baron 
§Clonbrock, Baron 
Fisherwick, Baron 
\ Oriel, Baron 
?Caledon, Baron 
Verulam, Baron 
Abercorn, Mq. 
Gage, Baron 
Beverley, Earl 

1791 §Harberton, Vt. 
§Hawarden, Vt. 

( §DONEGALL, 31 q. 

\ $ Belfast, Earl 
\ Northland, Vt. 

1792 Thurlow, Baron 

\ Waterpark, Baron 
Mansfield (of 
Middx., 2nd Earl- 
dom), Earl 
?Oxmantown, Bn. 

1793 Auckland, Baron 
Carnarvon, Earl 
I Hertford, Mq. 

I Yarmouth, Earl 
§Bandon, Baron 
iSLeitrim, Viscount 
\ JDesart, Earl 
\ I Castle Cuffe, Vt. 
JWicklow, Earl 
?Clonmell, Earl 
\ Castlestuart, Vt. 

1794 §Ely, Earl 
Bradford, Baron 
Clive of Walcot, Bn. 
Curzon of Penn, Bn . 
Dundas, Baron 
Lyttelton of Prank- 
ley, Baron 

Mendip, Baron 
Mulgrave, Baron 
Yarborough, Baron 
^Graves of Graves- 
end, Baron 
? Bridport, Baron 

1795 Hood, Bn. (Visc.H.) 
\ Somerton, Baron 
(SYelverton, Baron 



*795 ?Leitrim, Earl 
$Lucan, Earl 
\ Castlereagh, Vt. 
^Bandon, Viscount 
Loughborough, Bn. 
( Bute, Marquess 

1796 ] Windsor, Earl 
(Mount joy, Vt. 
Rous, Baron 
Hood, Viscount 
Stuart of Castle 

Stuart, Baron 
Stewart of 

Garlies, Baron 
Saltersford, Baron 
Brodrick, Baron 
Calthorpe, Baron 
Gwydyr, Baron 
Harewood, Baron 
Cawdor, Baron 

\ HUNTINGFIELD,i>W. 

\ Carring ton, Baron 
( Newark, Viscount 
\ Pierrepont, Baron 
\ Londonderry, Earl 
JRossmore, Baron 

1797 ?Hotham, Baron 
JCremorne, Baron 
?Headley% Allan- 
son, and Winn, Bn. 

?Teignmouth, Bn. 
Bolton, Baron 
Carrington, Baron 
Minto, Baron 
I Lowther, Viscount 
I Lowther, Baron 
Lilford, Baron 
Ribblesdale, Baron 
Wodehouse, Baron 
§Conyngham, Earl 
I Mount Charles, 
Viscount 

! Duncan, Viscount 
Duncan, Baron 
(SBelmore, Earl 
$ Donoughmore, Vt. 
§Ferrard, Visct. 
?Monck, Baron 
^Norwood, Baron 
iSKilconnel, Baron 
?Caledon, Viscount 
?Crofton, Baron 

1798 ?Ffrench, Baron 
j {Kenmare, Vise. 
\ (SCastlerosse, Bn. 

1 Cumberland and' 
17QQ Teviotdale, 
1/yy ) Duke 

\ \ Armagh, Earl 
Eldon, Baron 
'{Henley, Baron 
1800 '{Ennismore, Baron 
3 Frankfort, Baron 
\ Lang ford, Baron 
\ De Blaquiere, Bn. 
\ ?Dufferin and 
i| Claneboye, Bn. 
JHenniker, Baron 
JVentry, Baron 
?Wallscourt, Bn. 
?Dunalley, Baron 
\ Clanmorris, Baron 
SRadstock, Baron 



1800 ?Adare, Baron 

{ §Bandon, Earl 
\ ji Bernard, Viscount 
§Norbury, Baron 
( Cadogan, Earl 
\ Chelsea, Viscount 
^Gardner, Baron 
$Ashtown, Baron 
JClarina, Baron 
?Headfort, Mq. 
§Sligo, Marquess 
?Ely, Marquess 
{ Malmesbury, Earl 
\ FitzHarris, Vt. 
? Clanricarde, Earl 

(renewed) 
§ Ca stleste wart, 

Earl 

5 AVONMORE, Vt. 

? Limerick, Vt. 
§Erris, Baron 
^Somerton, Vt. 
I Donoughmore, E. 
?Caledon, Earl. 
\ ? Ken mare, Earl 
\ jsCastlerosse, Vt, 

Peerages of IT. Kingdom 
and of Ireland 

1801 §Dunlo, Viscount 
Loftus, Baron 
Carysfort, Baron 
Exeter, Mq. 
Bosslyn, Earl 
§Monck, Viscount 
St. Vincent, Vt. 
Abercromby, Baron 
j Craven, Earl 

\ Uffington, Vt. 
j Onslow, Earl 
\ Cranley, Viscount 
♦ Romney, Earl 
\ Marsham, Vt. 
Chichester, Earl 
Grey, Baron 
( Wilton, Earl 
I Grey de Wilton, 
' Viscount 
Nelson, Baron 

1802 Curzon, Viscount 
Ellenborough, Bn. 
Sandys, Baron 
Arden, Baron 
Sheffield (of 

Sheffield), Baron 
i Melville, Vt. 
\ Duneira, Baron 

1803 $ Limerick, Earl 
{Clancarty, Earl 
Botetourt, Baron 

confirmed by pat. 
/Powis, Earl 
I Clive, Viscount 

1804/ Powis, Baron 

[Herbert of Chir- 
^ bury, Baron 

1805 Sidmouth, Viscount 
Barham, Baron 
( Nelson, Earl 
I Merton of Trafal- 



gar, Viscount 



1806 5 Rendlesh am, Bn. 
(IGosford, Earl 
jRossE, Earl 
i Norm anton, Earl 



Historic Peerage. 



43 



1806 Erskine, Baron 
{Templetown, Vt. 
Ardrossan, Baron 

< Anson, Viscount 
\ Sobertori, Baron 
MontEagle (of 

Westport), Baron 
Granard, Baron 
Beauchamp, Baron 
Manvers, Earl 
Orford, Earl 
( Grey, Earl 
\ Howick, Viscount 
jLorton, Viscount 
Ailsa, Baron 
Gardner, Baron 

1807 Lonsdale, Earl 
Manners, Baron 

( Cathcart, Viscount 
\ Greenock, Baron 

1809 Hopetoun, Baron 

i Harrowby, Earl 
\ Sandon, Viscount 
( Wellington, Vt. 
\ Douro, Baron 

1810 {Kiltarton, Baron 
1812 Wellington,^. (Feb. 

Wellington, J»f. (Oct. 

( NORTHAMPTONjilfg 

] Compton, Earl 
( Wilmington,5a7-o« 
( Harewood, Earl 
{ Lascelles, Viscount 
I Mulgrave, Earl 
\ Normanby, Vt. 
i Camden, Marquess 
\ Brecknock, Earl 
{Castlemaine, Bn. 
{Decies, Baron 

181 1 i Minto, Earl 

3 \ Melgund, Viscount 
.a..} Wellington, Duke 

4 ( Douro, Marquess 
Combermere, Baron 
Niddry, Baron 
Gordon, Viscount 
Exmouth, Baron 
Stewart of Stewart's 

Court, Baron 
Cathcart, Earl 

1815 ANGLESEY,ifa>'2i<eS5 

Trench, Baron 
Meldrum, Baron 
Grinstead, Baron 
Foxford, Baron 
Churchill, Baron 
Harris, Baron 
Granville, Viscount 
I Cholmondeley, 

< Marquess 

' Rocksavage, Earl 
\ Verulam, Earl 
\ Grimston, Viscount 
( Brownlow, Earl 
\ Alford, Viscount 
St. Germans, Earl 
I Morley, Earl 
\ Boringdon, Vt. 

S Bradford, Earl 
Newport, Viscount 

< Beauchamp, Earl 
\ Elmley, Viscount 

1816 {Londonderry,.^. 
I {Ennismore and 

( Listowel, Vt. 



1816 5 Frankfort de 

Montmorency, Vt. 
{ Gort, Viscount 
Hill of Almarez, 

Baron (Vt. Hill) 

({ CONYNGHAM, Mq. 
{Mount Charles, 
Earl 
{Slane, Viscount 
\ { Sheffield, Earl 
\ \ Pevensey, VI. 
{Mount Earl, Vt. 
De Grey, Earl 
Exmouth, Viscount 

1817 Colchester, Baron 

1818 { Garvagh, Baron 

George IV., 

1 820- 1 830. 

1821 Hutchinson, Vt. 
4 Eldon, Earl 

\ Encombe, Viscount 

Howe, Earl 

( Ailesbury, Mq. 

< Bruce, Earl 
(Savernake, Vt. 
KER(of Kersheugh), 

Baron 
Minster, Baron 
Ormonde, Baron 
Wemyss, Baron 
Silchester, Baron 
Oriel, Baron 
Ravens worth, Bn. 
Delamere, Baron 
Forester, Baron 
Glenlyon, Baron 

< Stradbroke, Earl 
\ Dunwich, Viscount 
Rayleigh, Baron 

1822 Temple of Stowe, 

Earl 

I {Kilmorey, Earl 

< {Newry & Mourne, 
( Viscount 

{DUNRAVEN AND 

Mount Earl, E. 
{Adare, Viscount 
{jListowel, Earl 
o i Vane, Earl 
3 \ Seaham, Viscount 
Clancarty, Vt. 

1824 Gifford, Baron 

1825 { Ormonde, Marquess 
{Clanricarde, Mq. 

. Ho< - i Bristol, Marquess 
1020 \ Jermyn, Earl 
Somerhill, Baron 
Wigan, Baron 
Ranfurlv, Baron 
Wharncliffe, Baron 
Feversham, Baron 
Seaford, Baron 
( Amherst, Earl 
\ Holmesdale, Vt. 

1827 Combermere, Vt. 
Goderich, Viscount 
Tenterden, Baron 
Plunket, Baron 
i Cawdor, Earl 
\ Emlyn, Viscount 
i {Norbury, Earl 
\ {Glandine, Vt. 

1828 Cowley, Baron 



1828 Heytesbury, Baron 
Rosebery, Baron 
Clanwilliam, Bn. 
Durham, Baron 
Skelmersdale, Bn. 

1829 Wynford, Baron 

William IV., 1830-7. 

.o., ( { GuiLLAMORE, Vt. 

1031 O' Grady, Baron 
l {Talbot of Mala- 
< hide, Baron 
( {Malahide, Baron 
( Munster, Earl 
] FitzClarence, Vt. 
( Tewkesbury, Bn. 
Kilmarnock, Baron 
Fingall, Baron 
Sefton, Baron 
Clements, Baron 
Ailsa, Marquess 
( Burlington, Earl 
] Cavendish of 
( Keighley, Baron 
Kenlis, Baron 
Chaworth, Baron 
Dunmore, Baron 
Oakley, Baron 
Poltimore, Baron 
Mostyn, Baron 
Templemore, Baron 
Camperdown, Earl 
Westminster, Mq. 
{Ranfurly, Earl 
Cloncurry, Baron 
Lichfield, Earl 
De Saumarez, Bn. 

1832 Godolphin, Baron 
Stanley of Bicker- 

staffe, Baron 

1833 Sutherland, Duke 
( Durham, Earl 

I Lambton, Viscount 
Ripon, Earl 
( Granville, Earl 
\ Leveson, Baron 

1834 Denman, Baron 
{Carew, Baron 
Duncannon, Baron 

1835 Abinger, Baron 
DeL'Isle and Dud- 
ley, Baron 

J Canterbury, Vt. 
\ Bottesford, Baron 
Ashburton, Baron 
Hatpierton, Baron 
Strafford, Baron 
Worlingham, Bn. 

1836 Cottenham, Baron 
Stratheden, Baron 
{ Oranmore and 

Browne, Baron 

1837 Effingham, Earl 
Portman, Baron 
( Ducie, Earl 
\ Moreton, Baron 
Lovat, Baron 
( Yarborough, Earl 
\ Worsley, Baron 
Bateman, Baron 

Victoria, 183 7-1 901. 

Premier, Vt. Melbourne. 
1837 Innes, Earl 



, a „ ( Leicester, Earl 
1037 ( Coke, Viscount 

1838 Normanby, Mq. 

i Lovelace, Earl 
\ Ockham, Viscount 
Zetland, Earl 
Kintore, Baron 
Rossmore, Baron 
Carew, Baron 
De Mauley, Baron 
Wrottesley, Bn. 
Sudeley, Baron 
Methuen, Baron 

1839 Stanley of Alder- 

ley, Baron 
Leigh, Baron 
Wenlock, Baron 
Lurgan, Baron 
Monteagle of 

Brandon, Baron 
Seaton, Baron 

1841 Campbell (of St. 

Andrews), Baron 
Oxenfoord, Baron 
( Gainsborough, E. 
< Campden, Viscount 
( Noel, Baron 
Vivian, Baron 
Congleton, Baron 
Premier, Sir R. Peel. 

1842 Hill, Viscount 

1845 {Dunsandle and 

Clan Conal, Bn. 

1846 Gough, Baron 
Hardinge, Viscount 
J Ellesmere, Earl 

\ Brackley, Viscount 

Prem., Lord J. Russell. 
,0.. ( Strafford, Earl 
1047 \ Enfield, Viscount 
Acheson, Baron 
Dartrey, Baron 

1848 Eddisbury, Baron 
{Bellew, Baron 

1849 Gough, Viscount 
Elgin, Baron 

1850 Clandeboye, Baron 
Londesborough, Bn. 
i Cottenham, Earl 

I Crowhurst, Vt. 

1851 De Freyne, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1852 St. Leonards, Bn. 
Raglan, Baron 

Prem., Vt. Palmerston. 
1856 Aveland, Baron 
Kenmare, Baron 
Belper, Baron 
{Fermoy, Baron 
Talbot de Mala- 
iiide, Baron 
o ( Cowley, Earl 
**' ( Dangan, Viscount 
Ebury, Baron 
Skene, Baron 
1858 Chesham, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1858 Chelmsford, Baron 
Churston, Baron 

1859 Leconfield, Baron 
Tredegar, Baron 



44 



Introduction. 



1859 Egerton of Tatton, 

Baron 
Winton, Earl 

Prem., Vt. Palmerston. 

1859 Lyveden, Baron 

1860 i Dudley, iforZ 
1000 ^ jj^jj^jjj^ Viscount 

Brougham and 

Vaux, Baron 
Kinnaird, Baron 

1861 Herbert of Lea, Bn. 
Westbury, Baron 

j Russell, Earl 
I Amberley, Vt. 

FlTZHARDINGE, Bn. 

!Cromartie, Earl 
Tarbat, Viscount 
Castlehaven and 
MacLeod, Baron 

1863 Annaly, Baron 
Houghton, Baron 

\ Athlumney, Baron 

1864 Buekhurst, Baron 

Premier, Earl Russell. 

1866 Romilly, Baron 
Northbrook, Baron 
Halifax, Viscount 
Meredyth, Baron 
Kimberley, Earl 
Kenry, Baron 
Dartrey, Earl 

Premier, Earl op Derby. 

1866 Monck, Baron 
Hartismere, Baron 
Lytton, Baron 
Hylton, Baron 
Penrhyn, Baron 
Brancepeth, Baron 

1867 Cairns, Baron 

Premier, Hex. j. Disraeli. 

1868 Kesteven, Baron 
Ormathwaite, Bn. 
O'Neill, Baron 
Bridport, Viscount 
Napier of Mag- 

dala, Baron 
( Feversiiam, Earl 
\ Helmsley, Vt. 
i §Abercorn, Duke 
\ ^Hamilton, Ma. 
Gorman ston, Baron 
$Rathdonnell, Bn. 

Prem.,W.~Ei. Gladstone. 

1869 Lawrence, Baron 
Dunning, Baron 
Baliniiard, Baron 
Hare, Baron 
Howard of Glos- 

sop, Baron 
Castletown, Baron 
Acton, Baron 
Robartes, Baron 
Wolverton, Baron 
Greville, Baron 

1870 Kildare, Baron 
O'Hagan, Baron 

1871 Sandhurst, Baron 

BlTRDETT - COUTTS, 

Baroness 
Ripon, Marquess 



, o_ i ( Duflferin, Earl 

1871 \ Clandeboye, Vt. 

1872 Ettrick, Baron 
Selborne, Baron 

1873 Breadalbane, Baron 
Portman, Viscount 
Somerton, Baron 
Aberdare, Baron 

1874 Moncreiff, Baron 
Coleridge, Baron 
Emly, Baron 
Westminster, Duke 
Cottesloe, Baron 

Premier, B. Disraeli. 
(Earl of Beaconsfield' 
1874 Hampton, Baron 
' connaught and 
Strathearn,Z>&. 



Earl 

1875 Douglas (of Doug- 
las), Baron 
Ramsay (of Glen- 
mark), Baron 
( Gordon (Rich- 
T876] mond & Q.),Dk. 
\ Kinrara, Earl 
Fermanagh, Baron 
Abergavenny, 

Marquess 
Lewes, Earl 
Harlech, Baron 
I Wharncliffe, E. 
\ Carlton, Viscount 
Alington, Baron 

TOLLEMACHE, Bn. 

Gerard, Baron 
( Northbrook, E. 
\ Baring, Viscount 
Sackville, Baron 

1878 Norton, Baron 

Cranbrook, Viscount 
t Cairns, Earl 
\ Garmoyle, Vt. 

1880 Shute, Baron 
Bolsover, Baron 
[ Lytton, Earl 
} Knebworth, Vt. 
Haldon, Baron 
Wimborne, Baron 
Ardilaun, Baron 
Latkom, Earl 
Lamington, Baron 
( Sondes, Earl 
\ Throwley, Vt. 
Donington, Baron 
Trevor, Baron 

Prem.,'W. E. Gladstone 

1880 Brabourne, Baron 

1881 Ampthill, Baron 
( Albany, Duke 

\ Clarence, Earl 
( Arklow, Baron 
Tweeddale, Baron 
Howth, Baron 
Reay, Baron 
Derwent, Baron 
Hothfield, Baron 
Tweedmouth, Bn. 

1882 Wolseley, Baron 
oo„J Selborne, Earl 

J ( Wolmer, Viscount 
1884 Tennyson, Baron 
Hampden, Viscount 



1884 Strathspey, Baron 
Monk Bretton, Bn. 

NORTHBOURNE, Bn. 

Sudley, Bn. (E. of 

Arran) 
Herries, Baron 

1885 Powerscourt, Bn. 

NORTHINGTON, Bn. 

Rothschild, Baron 
Revelstoke, Baron 
Monks well, Baron 
J Breadalbane, Mq. 
\ Ormelie, Earl 
Fife, Earl 



Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1885 Halsbury, Baron 

I Iddesleigh, Earl 
\ St. Cyres, Viscount 
Ashbourne, Baron 
St. Oswald, Baron 
Esher, Baron 
Wolseley, Vt. 
Deramore, Baron 
Montagu of Beau- 
lieu, Baron 
Elphinstone, Bn. 
Colville of Cul- 
ross, Baron 

1886 Hillingdon, Baron 
Hindlip, Baron 
Grimthorpe, Baron 

Prem.,~W. E. Gladstone. 
1886 Herschell, Bn. (in 
precedence before 
Bn. Hillingdon) 
Stalbridge, Baron 
Kensington, Bn. 
Burton, Bn. (orig.) 
Hamilton of Dal- 

zell, Baron 
Brassey, Baron 
Thring, Baron 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1886 Cross, Viscount 
Stanley of Preston, 

Baron 

1887 Macnaghten, 
Baron (life) 
LondesborOugh, 

Earl 

Raincliffe, Viscount 
Bowes, Baron 
Monckton, Baron 
St. Levan, Baron 
Magheramorne, 

Baron 
Basing, Baron 
De Ramsey, Baron 
Cheylesmore, Bn. 
Addington, Baron 
Knutsford, Baron 
Savile, Baron 
Dufferin & Ava, 

Marquess 
Ava, Earl 
,««n S Fife, Duke 
lf5e 9 j Macduff, Marquess 

1890 Field, Baron 

1891 Iveagh, Bardn 



1891 Mount Stephen,!?/!. 
Masham, Baron 
Macdonald of 

Earnscliffe, 
Baroness 
Hambleden, Vctss. 

1892 Roberts of Kanda- 

har, Baron 
Kelvin, Baron 
Argyll, Duke 
( York, Duke 

< Inverness, Earl 

( Killarney, Baron 
Cromer, Baron 

< Cranbrook, Earl 
\ Medway, Baron 
Ancaster, Earl 
Ashcombe, Baron 
Blythswood, Bn. 
Crawshaw, Baron 
Amherst of Hack- 
ney, Baron 

Newton, Baron 
Dunleath, Baron 
Llangattock, Bn. 
{ Zetland, Mq. 
\ Ronaldshay, Earl 

Prem.,'W.'E. Gladstone. 

1892 Playfair, Baron 
Battersea, Baron 

1893 Swansea, Baron 
Farrer, Baron 
Overtoun, Baron 
Hawkesbury, Bn. 
Stanmore, Baron 

1894 Rendel, Baron 
Welby, Baron 

Prem., EarlofRosebery 

1894 Davey, Baron (life) 

1895 Peel, Viscount 

J Carrington, Earl 
\ Wendover, Vt. 
Crewe, Earl 
Loch, Baron 
Wandsworth, Bn. 
Ashton, Baron 
Burghclere, Bn. 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

1895 Knutsford, Vt. 
Llandaff, Viscount 
James of Here- 
ford, Baron 

Rathmore, Baron 
Glenesk, Baron 

1896 Aldenham, Baron 
Heneage, Baron 
Roos of Belvoir, Bn. 
Rosmead, Baron 

1897 Kinnear, Baron 
Lister, Baron 

( Egerton of Tat- 
l ton, Earl 
{ Salford, Viscount 
Fairlie, Baron 
Dawnay, Baron 
Ludlow, Baron 
HolmPatrick, Bn. 
Inverclyde, Baron 
Stratiicona & Mt. 

Royal, Bn. (orig.) 
Esher, Viscount 



Historic Peerage^ Peerages Extinct. 



45 



1897 Bueton, Baron 
(new patent) 
jg-g ( HalsbuEY, Earl 
y ( Tiverton, Viscount 
Newlands, Baron 
FaequhAb, Baron 
MuncasteE, Baron 
Blalibubton, Baron 
SCurzon ofKedle- 

Ston, Baron 
Kitchener of 
Khartoum, Baron 

1899 Cromer, Vise. 
Glanusk, Baron 
Beampton, Baron 
Cranwobth, Baron 

DOECHESTEE, BriSS. 

(new creation) 
BoBEETSON,2?ra(life) 

1900 Noethcote, Baron 
Avebuey, Baron 

( Fife, Duke (new 
< patent) 
( Macduff, Earl 
Lindley, Bn. (life) 
Killanin, Bn. 



I900 O'Beien, Baron 

AlveestOne, Baron 
StbathcOna & Mi. 
Royal, Bn. (new 
patent) 
GOschen, Viscount 
\ Ridley, Vise. 
"Wensleydale, Bn. 



1901 [ 



RobEbts, Earl 
St. Pierre, Vise. 



Edward VII., 1901. 

1901 i "Wales, Prince 
\ Chester, Earl 
J Ceomee, Earl 
\Errington, Vise. 
Milner, Baron 

1902 KlTCHENEE OP 

Khaetoum, Vise. 

COLVILLE OP 

Culboss, Vise. 
Churchill, Vise. 

MlLNEE. Vise. 

Kineoss, Baron 
Shuttlewoeth,Z?w, 
Alleeton, Baron 



1902 Babbymobe, Baron 
Gbenfell, Baron 
Kwollys, Baron 
Redesdale, Baron 
Linlithgow, Ma. 

Prim., A 4 J. BalPoue. 

igo3BuENHAM, Baron 
Biddulph, Baron 
Estcouet, Baron 
Aemsteono, Baron 

1905 Dunedin, Baron 
Selby, Visct. 
Plymouth, Earl 
Iveagh, Visct. 

TilfDEGAR, Visct* 

St. Aldwyn, Visct* 
Leith of Fyvie, Bn. 
Atkinson, Bn. (life) 
Ritchie of Dundee, 

Baron 
Sandeeson, Baron * 
Waleean, Baron * 
Knabe sboeough, 

Baron * 
Noethcliffe, Bn* 



1905 MlCHELHAM, Bn.* 
Fabeb, Baron * 
Desboeough, Bn.* 

Prem., Sir H. Camp- 
bell-Banneeman. 
1906 /Liverpool, Earl 
\ Hawkesbury, Vise. 
Althoep, Visct., 2nd 
or. (in precedence 
before Tredegar) 
Lorebuen, Baron 
FiTZMAUEiCE, Baron 
Weaedale, Baron 
Haveesham, Baron 
Hemphill, Baron 
Joicey, Baron 

NUNBURNHOLME, Bn. 
"WlNTEESTOKE, Bn. 

Colebeooke, Baron 
Couetney, Baron 
Eveesley, Baron 
Pierie, Baron 
Glantawe, Baron 
Aemitstead, Baron 
Allendale, Baron 



* Not Gazetted till 1906. 



PEERAGES EXTINCT OR DORMANT SINCE 1836, 

WITH A FEW OTHERS OP SPECIAL NOTE SINCE 1800. 

*#* The mark t denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish;* or unmarked, Imperial: ab., abeyant; dm., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Life Baronies see under " Life Peers." 
—Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind 
advice of Mr. Cokayne, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing idea that the name is 
Guelph he dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Christian name of a mediaeval Duke of Bavaria 
whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of Este, and it is from that couple that the Hanoverian line is 
descended. Hence D'Este (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his children) comes nearer to a correct name 
than the above, whilst Guelph d'Este has been supplied us by another authority. But neither of these names 
can hold good any later than the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and descended 
from the ancient Counts of Wettin, which has changed the present line to that of " Saxony " or " Saxe-Coburg," 
and presumably made Wettin its surname if it possesses one at all— both that word and D'Este being really local 
titles. 

To save overcrowding, we have removed from the list the following titles every one of which is simply a different 
degree of another, of the same designation and house, which still exists : Auckland Eldm. ; Bantry Eldm. ; 
Castlemaine Vcty. ; Charlemont Eldm. ; De VESCi*Bny. ; Digby Eldm. ; Drogheda Mqte. ; Ellenborough Eldm. ; 
Falmouth Eldm. ; Farnhaji Eldm. : Fife Bny. ; Hill Bny. ; Kingston Bny. ; Lauderdale Bny. ; MountnOrris 
Eldm. ; O'Neill § Vcty. & *Eldm. ; Ravensworm Eldm. ; St. Vincent Eldm. ; Somers Eldm. ; Westmeath Mqte. 

Aieey Bny. (Airey), 1876-81. 



Alcestee Bny. {Seymour), 1882-95. 
?Aldboeough Eldm. [Stratford), 1777-1875. 
?Allen Vcty. [Allen), 1717-1845. 

Alvanley Bny. [Arden), 1801-57. 

Aemsteong Bny. [Armstrong), 1887-1900. [Re- 
vived 1903.] 
+Aston Bny. [Aston), 1627-1845. 
JAthlone Eldm. [Ginkel), 1692-1844. 

Audley Bny. ( Thicknesse- Touchet), 1313- 1872 [ah.) . 

Baeeogill Bny. [Sinclair), 1866-89. 

Basset Bny. [Basset), 1797-1855. 

Banning Bny. [Powlett), 1797-1866. 

Beaconsfield (pron. Beek-; the village, Beck-) 
Eldm. [Disraeli, pron. Dizrayly), 1876-81. 
(Pronunciations given by Mr. C. Disraeli). 

Beaconsfield Vcty. [Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 

Beauvale Bny. [Lamb), 1839-53. 

Beeesfoed Vcty. [Beresford), 1823-54. 

Bexley Bny. [Vansittart), 1823-51. 

Blachfoed Bny. [Sogers), 1871-89. 
tBLANTYEE Bny. [Stuart), 1606-1900. 
?Blayney Bny. [Blayney), 1621-1874 [dm.). 

Bloomfield Bny. [Bloomfield), §1825 (*l87l) -79. 

Bouechiee Bny. ( Townshend), 1342-1855 (dm.) 

Beamwell Bny. [Bramwell), 1882-92. 

Beeadalbane Mqte., 1st cr. [Campbell), 1831-62. 

Beoughton Bny. [Hobhouse), 1851-69. 



Buckingham and Chandos Dkdm. [Temple-N.- 

B.-G.-Grenville), 1822-89. 
?Cahee Bny. [Butler), 1583-1858 [dm.). 
Cambeidge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 

Culloden Bny. (Roy. Fam.), 1801-1904. 
Canning Eldm. [Canning), 1859 (Vcty. 1828) -62. 
Caedwell Vcty. [Cardwell), 1874-86. 
Caelingfoed Bny. ( Parkinson- For tescue), 1874-98. 
Caeteeet Bny. [Thynne), 1784-1849. 
Chaeleville Eldm. [Bury), 1806-75. 
Chatham Eldm. [Pitt), 1766-1833. 
Clanbeassil Bny. [Jocelyn), 1821-97. 
Claee ?Eldm. [FitzGibbon), 1795 (*Bny. 1799) 
-1864. 

Claeence and Avondale Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 
1890-2. 

Claeence and St. Andeews Dkdm., and $Mun- 

stee Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1789-1837. 
SCleemont Eldm. [Fortescue), 1778-1829; *Bny. 
1866-87. 

\ Do. Bny. [Parkinson- Fortescue), 1852-98. 
Cleveland Dkdm. [Powlett), 1833-91. 
Clyde Bny. ( Campbell), 1858-63. 
Colboene Bny. [Ridley -Colborne), 1839-54. 
Colonsay Bny. [M'Neill), 1867-74. 
Compton Bny. [Townshend), 1572-1855 [ab.). 
Connemaea Bny. [Bourke), 1887-1902. 
Coenwallis Eldm., 1753-1852. 



4 6 



Introduction. 



Cowper Eldm. (CoWper), 1718-1905 (Lucas and 

tDingwall Bnies. remain). 
+Cranstoun Bny. (Cranstoun), 1609-1869. 

Cranworth Bny., older cr. (Rolfe), 1850=68. 

Crewe Bny. ( Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 
Eldm. 1895.] 

Ccrrie Bny. {Carrie), 1899^1906; 

Dalling and Bulwer Bny. (Bulwer), 1871-2. 

De Freyne Bny. older cr. (French); 1839-56. 

DeMontalt Eldm. {Maude), 1886-1905 ({Hawar- 
den Vcty. remains) . 

De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826^95. 

Dinorben Bny. (Hughes), 1831-52. 

Dorchester Bny. older cr. (Carleton), 1786-1897. 

Dorset Dkdm. (Sackville), 1720-1843. 

Douglas of Douglas Bny. (Douglas), 1790-1857. 

Dover Bny. (Agar-Ellis), 1831-99. [Clifden.] 
{Downes Bny. (Burgh), 1822-64. 
{ Do. Do. (De Burgh), 1822-63. 
tDuFFUS Bny. (Sutherland-Dunbar), 1650-1876 
(under attainder 1715-1826). 

Dunfermline Bny. (Abercomby), 1839-68. 
{Dungannon Vcty. (Hill- Trevor), 1765-1862. 

Edinburgh Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1900. 

Egremont Eldm. ( Wyndham), 1749-1845. 

Elphinstone Bny. (Elphinstone), 1859-60. [Re- 
vived 1885; +Bny. remains.] 

Ennishowen and Carrickfergus Bny. 
(Chichester) 1841-83. TDonegall.] 

Eversley Vcty. (Shaw-Lefevre), 1857-88. [Re- 
vived as Bny. 1906. J 

Farnborough Bny. (Long), 1826-38. 
Do. Do. (May), 1886 only. 

Ferrers of Chartley Bny. (Townshend), 1299- 
1855 (dm.). 

FitzGerald andVesuyBuv. (Vesey-Fitz Gerald), 
{FitzGerald 1826-60, *Vesey 1835-43. 

Fitzhardinge Eldm. (Berkeley), 1841-57. [An 
offshoot from Berkeley Eldm.] 

Fitzw alter Bny. (Bridges), 1868-75. 

Furnival Bny. ( Talbot), 1839-49. 

Gardner Bny. (Gardner), 1806 ({i8oo)-83 (dm.). 

Glenelg Bny. ( Grant), 1835-66. 
{Glengall Eldm. (Butler), 1816-58. 

Gloucester and Edinburgh Dkdm. and ? Con- 
naught Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1764-1834. 

Grey de Radcliffe Bny. (Egerton), 1875-85. 

Hamilton Bny. (Hamilton), 1831-68. [Belhaven.] 

Hammond Bny. (Hammond), 1874-90. 

Hanmer Bny. (Hanmer), 1872-81. 

Harborough Eldm. (Sherard), 1719-1859. 
{Hartland Bny. (Mahon), 1800-45. 

Hastings Mqte. (Rawdon- Hastings), 1816-68. 

Hatherley Bny. (Page- Wood), 1868-81. 

Hobhouse Bny. (Hobhouse), 1885-1904. 

Holland Bny. (Fox), 1763-1859. 

Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hoocl), 1892-1901. 

Howden Bny. (Caradoc), 1831 (?l8ig)-73. 

Hunsdon Bny. (Cary), 1830-84. 

Inverness Dkdm. ( Underwood), 1840-73. 

Keane Bny. (Keane), 1839-1901. 

Keith Vcty. (Elphinstone), 1814-23 ; { Bny., 1797- 

Kelhead Bny. (Douglas), 1893-4. [1867. 
tKENMURE Vcty. ( Gordon), 1633-1847 (dm.). 

Kent and Strathearn Dkdm. and { Dublin 

Eldm. (Roy. Fam), 1799-1820. 
{Kilkenny Eldm. (Butler), 1793-1846. 

Kingsdown Bny. (Leigh), 1858-67. 

Kingston Bny. (King), 1821-69. 

Knightley Bny. (Knightley), 1892-5. 

Lake Vcty. (Lake), 1807-48. 

Lanerton Bny. ( Hoioard), 1873-80. 

Langdale Bny. (Bicker steth), 1836-51. 

Leicester Eldm., one of the older creations 
(Townshend), 1784-1855. I 



Leighton Bny. (Leighlon), 1896 only, 
Lisgen Bny. (Lingen), 1835-1905. 
LtsuAR Bny. ( Yoitng), 1870*6. 
{Lismore Vcty. (C Callaghan), 1806 (*Bny. 1838)- 
98. 

Liverpool ~EldTQ..(Jenkifison),ifg6nS5i. [Revived 
1905-] 

Llanover Bny. (Hall), 1859-67, 
{Ludlow Eldm. (LudloW), 1831 (Bny. {1755, 

* 1831)^42. 
Lyndhurst Bny. (Copley), 1817-63. 
LynEdoch Bny. (Graham), 1814^43. 
Lyons Vcty. (Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i856)-87. 
Macaulay Bny. (3Iacaulay), 1857-9. 
Malcolm of Poltalloch Bny. (Malcolm), 1896- 

1902. 

Marjoribanks Bny. (Robertson), 1873 only. 
{ Maryborough Bny. ( Pole - T. -L.-W ellesley), 
1821-63. 

Maynard Vcty. ( Maynard), i766({Bny. i62o)-i865. 
{Melbourne Vcty. (Lamb), 1781 (*Bny. i8i5)-i853. 
+Melfort Eldm. (Drummond), 1686-1902 (dm.). 

Melrose Bny. (Hamilton), 1827-58. 

Metcalfe Bny. (Metcalfe), 1845-6. 

Milford Bny. (Philipps) ; 2nd cr. 1847-57. 
{Milltown Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-I891 (dm.). 

Montagu Bny. (Montagu), 1770-1845. 

Montford Bny. (Bromley), 1741-1851. 
*Moore, Bny. (Moore), 1801-1902. [Drogheda.] 
{Mount Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1800-46. 

Mount Temple Bny. (Cowper- Temple), 1880-8. 
{Netterville Vcty. (Netterville), 1622-1882. 

North wick Bny. (Rushout), 1797-1887. 
{Nugent Bny. (Nugent), 1800-50. 
{Ongley Bny. (Henley- Ongley), 1776-1877. 

Ossington Vcty. (Denison), 1872-3. 

Overstone Bny. (Loyd), 1850-83. 

Oxenbridge Vcty. (Monson), 1886-98. 

Oxford Eldm. (Harley), 1711-1853. 
{Palmerston Vcty. (Temple), 1722-1865. 

Panmure Bny. (Maule-Ramsay), 1831-74. 

Pauncefote Bny. (Pauncefote, 1899-1902. 

Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 

Pirbright Bny. (De Worms), 1895-1903. 

Plymouth Eldm. ( Windsor), 1682-1843. [Revd. 
1905] 

Pomfret Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 

PoNSONBY(oflmokilly) Bny. (Ponsonby), 1806-66. 

Prudhoe Bny. (Percy), 1816-65. 
{Rancliffe Bny. (Parkyns), 1795-1850. 
{Ranelagh Vcty. (Jones), 1628-1885. 
{Rathdowne Eldm. (Monck), 1822-48. 

Redesdale Eldm. (Freeman- Mitford), 1877 (Bny. 
i8o2)-86. [Revived 1902.] 

Rivers Bny. ( Pitt Rivers), 1802-80. 
{Riversdale Bny. (Tonson), 1783-1861. 
{Rokeby Bny. (Montagu-Robinson), 1777- 1883. 

Rolle Bny. (Rolle), 1796-1842. 

Rookwood Bny. (Selwin-Ibbetson), 1892- 1902. 
{Roscommon Eldm. (Dillon), 1622-1850. 

Ross Bny. (Boyle), 1815-90. 

Rossie Bny. (Kinnaird), 1831-78. 

Rowton Bny. (Lowry-Corry) , 1880-1903. 
{St. Helens Bny. (Fitz Herbert), 1791 (*i8oi)-i83g. 

St. Helier Bny. (Jeune), 1905 (3 mos.). 

St. Maur Eldm. (St. Maur), 1863-85. 

Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1S91-3. 
-(•Selkirk Eldm. (Douglas), 1646- 1885 (dm.) 

Selsey Bny. (Selsey), 1794-1838. 

Shand Bny. (Shand) 1892-1904. 

Sherbrooke Vcty. (Lowe), 1880-92. 

Solway Bny. (Douglas), 1833-7. 
+SOMERVILLE Bny. (Somerville), 1430-1870 (dm.). 
{Strangford Vcty. (Smythe), 1628 (*Penshurst 
Bny. 1825) -1869. 



Peerages Extinct — The Privy Council. 



47 



Stratfoed dE Redcliffe Vcty. (Canning), 1852- 
80. 

StrathnaiRn Bny. (Rose), 1866-85. 
Strathspey Bny; (OgiWie* Grant), 1858-84. 
Stuart i>e DEoiESBny. (VUUers°-Stuart), 1839*74 
(dm.). 

Stuart de Rothesay Bny. (Stuart), 1828-45.. 
Sussex Dkdm. and Inverness Eldm. (Roy. 

Fam.), 1801-34. 
Sydenham Bny. (Thomson), 1840-!. 
Sydney Eldm. (Townshend) , 1874 (Bny. 1783) -90. 
Tadcaster Bny. (O'Briin), 1826-46. 
Taunton Bny. (Labouckere), 1859-69. 
Tha.net Eldm. (Tufton), 1628-1849. 
?Thomond Mqte. (O'Brien), 1800 (*Bny. 180O-55. 
TnufeLOw Bny. (Thurlow), 1783-1806. 



tTRAQUAiB Eldm; (Slitart)^ 1683-11861 (dm.). 
Truro Bny. ( Wilde), 1850-99. 
?Tyrconnell Eldm. (Carpenter), 1761-1853. 
WAllAce Bny. ( Wallace), 1828-44. 
Wantage Bny. (Loyd'-Lindsay), 1885-1901. 
Warrington Eldm. (Grey), 1769-1883. 
Wavhney Bny. (Adair), 1873-86. 
5Wellesley Mqte. (Wellesley), 1799- 



Wenman Bny. ( Wykeham), 1834-70. 



1842. 



Wensleydale Bny. (Parke), 1856-68. [Revived 
1900.] 

Western Bny. ( Western), 1833-44; 

Winmarleigh Bny. (W ilson- Patten) , 1874-92. 

York and Albany Dkdm. and $ Ulster Eldm. 
(Roy. Fam.), 1784-1827. [York revived 1892, 
Albany 1881, *Ulster 1866-1900.] 



THE PRIVY COUNCIL. 

This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its 
proceedings, however, are not published, and, except in the rare instances of a general 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an, honourable sinecure. A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign's will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. The number, 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are some 270 in 
the Council of Great Britain and 60 in that of Ireland (but some 20 of these are members 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of " Rt. 
Hon." The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined 
as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates in Council, to propose 
matters from the Sovereign," and report the issue. The Sovereign with its advice 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but 
only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments in the law. The 
former* judicial functions of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the 
Colonial J udges have been recently added to this Committee. 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ireland, though Scotland is content to 
participate in the larger and more important one, the former being concerned solely with 
Irish affairs. The members of both Councils range down from the first Prince of the 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of " Right 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their 
position as Councillors except by the added letters "P. C. ; " and " Right Honourable " 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of "Most Honourable " or "His Grace." 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged in accordance 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to familiarise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members, Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England, then two of Scotland (Buccleuch and Argyll, 
whose older title is Scottish), next two of Great Britain (Portland and Northumberland), 
and then one of the United Kingdom (Fife). The Marquesses follow on the same system. 
Next come the Earls, headed by a Household official, and followed by younger sons of 
Dukes ; next the Viscounts, headed like Earls and followed by an Earl's eldest son ; 
one Marquess's younger son ; the Bishop of London (ex officio, as are the Archbishops) ; 
the Barons ; the Speaker ; Secretaries of State not Peers ; one Viscount's eldest son ; 
Earls' younger sons ; and now the Table reaches the grade of the Privy Council itself, 
from which point all distinctions are disregarded — Baronets, Knights, and Viscounts' 
and Barons' younger sons — and we proceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while 
recognising the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for 



4 8 



Introduction. 



practical Use & list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of Sntry 
the member belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an L denotes that Of Ireland ; 
and Cr. B. & L marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official 
list the members are termed Privy Counselors, which is correct in view of the wise 
counsel they are supposed to give ; but they are equally Councilors as being members of 
a Council. The Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 



Lord President of the Council, The Earl 
President of Irish Council, H, E. The Lord Lieutenant, 
I. 18S7 



Abercorn, Duke of, k.o. . 
Aberdeen, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 

G.B. 1886; L 1905 

Acland, Arthur H. Dyke 1892 

Allerton, Lord G. B. 1890 ; 1. 1891 

Althorp, Vise 1892 

Alverstone, Lord, g.c.m.g 1900 

Ancaster, Earl of 1880 

Andrews, Thomas I. 1903 

Andrews, William D I. 1897 

Argyll, Duke of, k.t 1875 

Ashbourne, Lord ..1. 1877; G.B. 1885 

Ashcombe, Lord 1880 

Ashley, Hon. Evelyn M 1891 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., k.c 1892 

Atkinson, Lord 1. 1892 

Avebury, Lord 1890 

Balfour, Arthur J., G. B. 1885 ; I. 1887 
Balfour, Gerald W., 1. 1895 : G.B. 1900 
Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, k.t. . 1892 
Bannerman (Campbell-), Sir Hy., 

g.c.b G.B. 1884 ; I. 1885 

Barnes, Sir Jno. Gorell 1905 

Barrymore, Lord I. 1896 

Barton, Hon. Sir Edmund, k.c , 

g.c.m.g 1901 

Beauchamp, Earl, k.c.m.g 1906 

Belmore, Earl of I. 1867 

Belper, Lord 1895 

Bertie, Hon. Sir Pras. L., k.c b. 1903 

Birrell, Augustine, k.c 1905 

Blennerhassett, Sir Ro wld. , Bt. I. 190s 
Bond, Hon. Sir Robt., k.c.m.g. .. 1902 

Bonser, Sir Jno. W 19°* 

Booth, Charles 1904 

Brackenbury, Gen. Sir Henry, 

G.C.B I9<>4 

Brampton, Lord 1899 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g 1880 

Brodrick, Hon. Wm. St. John P. 1897 

Brownlow, Earl 1887 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford 1904 

Bruce, Sir Henry H., Bt I. 1889 

Bruen, Henry I. 1880 

Brunner, Sir Jno. T., Bt 1906 

Bryce, James G.B. 1892 ; I. 1906 

Buccleuch, Duke of, k.g., k.t. .. 1901 

Buckley, Sir Henry B 1906 

Buller, Gen. Sir Redvers H., 

g.c.b 1. 1887 

Burghclere, Lord 1892 

Burns, Jno , 1905 

Burt, Thos A 1905 

Buxton, Sydney Chas 1905 

Cadogan, Earl, k.g 1885 

Campbell, Jas. Alex 1898 

Campbell, Jas. H. Mussen — I. 1905 

Canterbury, Archbp. of 1903 

Carrington, Earl, g.c.m.g 1881 

Carson, Sir Edwd. H., k.c. 

I. 1896: G.B. 1905 
Cartwright, Sir Richard J., 

g.c.m.g 1902 

Cassel, Sir Ernest, g.c.m.g 1902 

Caustou, Richd. K 1905 

Cavendish, Victor C. W 1905 

Cawdor, Earl 1905 



Chamberlain, Joseph 1880 

Chamberlairl, J. Austen 1902 

Chaplin, Henry 1885 

Charles, Sir Arthur 1903 

Chatterton, Hedges E I. 1867 

Chesham, Lord, k.c.b 1901 | 

Chesterfield, Earl of 1894 j 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 1901 

Christian, H.R.H. Prince, k.g. 1894 

Clarendon, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Clonbrock, Lord, k.p I. 1898 

Cohen, Arthur, k.c i9°S | 

Coll, Sir Pptrick, k.c.b I. 1905 

Collings, Jesse 1892 

Collins, Sir Richd. Henn..': 1897 

Colomb, Sir James, k.c.m.g. ..I. 1903 
Connaught, H.R.H. Duke of 

G.B. 1871; I. 1900 
Cork & Orrery, Earl of, k.p. . . 1866 

Courtney, Lord 1889 

Coventry, Earl of 1877 

Cranbrook, Earl of, g. c.s.i 1866 

Crewe, Earl of 1892 

Cromer, Earl of, g.c.b., o.m 1900 

Cross, Vise, g.c.b 1874 

Crossley, Sir Savile B., Bt 1902 

Curzon of Kedleston, Lord 1895 

Dalrymple, Sir Chas., Bt 1905 

Darley, Sir F. M., g.c.m.g 1905 

Dartmouth, Earl of 1885 

Davey, Lord 1893 

Day, Sir Jno. Chas 1902 

De Bunsen, Sir Maurice W. E. . . 1906 

Derby, Earl of, k.g 1878 

De Villiers,Hon. Sir J ohn Henry, 

k.c.m.g 1897 

Devonshire, D. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1866; I. 1871 

Dickson, Chas. Scott, k.c 1903 

Dickson, Thos. A I. 1893 

Dilke, Sir Chas. W., Bt 1882 

Dimsdale, Sir Joseph C, Bt., 

K.C.V.0 1902 

Dixon, Sir Danl., Bt I. 1902 

Dorington, Sir Jno., Bt 1902 

Douglas (Akers-), Aretas 1891 

Ducie, Earl of 1859 

Dudley, Earl of 1902 

Dunedin, Lord 1896 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, Earl 

Of, K.P I. 1899 

D urand.Sir H . M ortimer,G .cm. g. 1901 
Dyke, Sir William Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880; I. 1885 
Edwards, Lt.-Col. Sir Fleetwood 

Isham, o.c.v.o 1895 

Egerton, Sir Edwin Hy., g.c.m.g. 1904 
Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, k.g. 1886 
Elliot, Hon.Sir Henry G., g.c.b. 1867 

Ellis, Jno. E i9°5 

Eme, Earl of, k.p 1902 

Eversley. Lord 1880 

Falkiner, Sir Fredk. R., k.c... I. 1905 
Fane (Ponsonby-), Hon. Sir 
Spencer C. B., g.c.b 1901 



of Crewe. 

Earl of Aberdeen, g.m.p. 

Farquhar, Robt., m.d 1906 

Farwell, Sir George 1906 

Fellowes, Hon. Ailwyn Edwd . . 1905 
Fergusson, Sir Jas., Bt., g.c.s.i. 1868 

Field, Lord 1890 

Fife, Duke of, k.t 1880 

Finch, Geo. Hy 1902 

Fingall, Earl of I. 1892 

Finlay, Sir R. B., g.c.m.g., k.c. 1905 
FitzGibbon, Gerald. . 1. 1879; G.B. 1900 
Fletcher (Aubrey-), Sir Henry, 

Bt., c.b 1901 

Foljambe, Fras. J. Savile 1895 

Forrest, Hon. Sir John, g.c.m.g. 1897 

Forster (Arnold ), Hugh D 19*3 

Foster, Sir B. Walter 1905 

Fowler, Sir Henry H., g.c.s.i. .. i836 

Fry, Sir Edward 1883 

Fry, Lewis 1901 

George (Lloyd-), David 1905 

Gibson, John G I. 1887 

Gladstone, Herbert J 1894 

Goldie, Sir George D. T., k.c.m.g. 1898 

Gorst, Sir John E., k.c 1890 

Goschen, Vise 1865 

Goschen, Sir Wm. Edwd., 

G.C.V.0 IQ05 

Grenfell, Lord, g.c.b 1905 

Grey, Sir Edwd., Bt 1902 

Griffith, Hon. Sir Samuel W., 

g.c.m.g 1 901 

Haldane, Richd. B., k.c 1902 

Halsbury, Earl of 1885 

Halsey, Thos. Fredk .*. . . 1901 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 1878 

Harcourt, Lewis 1905 

Hardinge, Hon. Sir Chas. H. 

k.c.m.g 1904 

Hardy (Cozens ), Sir Herb. H. .. 1901 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 1900 

Haversham, Lord 1894 

Hay (Dalrymple-), Adm. Sir 

Jno. C, Bt., g.c.b 1874 

Hemphill, Lord I. 1895 

Heneage, Lord 1886 

Hertford, Marq. of, c.b 1879 

Hibbert, Sir Jno. T., k.c.b 1886 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 1885 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Hon. Sir Albt. 

H., k.c.m.g 1902 

Hobhouse, Henry 1902 

Hogg Jonathan I. 1902 

Holmes, Hugh I. 1885 

Hood (P. -Acland-), Sir Alex., Bt. 1904 

Huutly, Marq. of 1881 

James of Hereford, Lord 1885 

Jersey, Earl of, g.c.b 1890 

Johnson, Wm. Moore I. 1881 

Kekewich, Sir Arthur 1906 

Kelvin, Lord, g.c.v.o., f.k.s 1902 

Kennaway, Sir John H., Bt. ... 1897 

Kenny, Wm. (Justice) I. 1902 

Kenrick, William 1899 

Kingston, Hon. Charles C, k.c 1897 
Kintore, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1886 



The PfiDy Council— The Baronetage. 



49 



Kitson, Sir Jasi, fit. . ■. . 

Knox, Sir Italph H., k.c.b 

Knutsford, Vise, g.c.m.g 

Labouchere, Henry 

Lansdowne, Marq. of, k.g. .... 
Lascelles, Sir Frank C. , g. c. b. 
Laurier, Hon. Sir Wilfrid, k.c, 

g.c.m.g 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 

Lindley, Lord 

Linlithgow, Marq. of, k.t 

Lister, Lord, f.r.s 

Liverpool, Earl of . 

Llandaff, Vise 

Lockwood, Lt.-Col. A. R. M., 

c.v.o 

London, Bishop of 

Londonderry, Marq. of, k.g. 

G.B. 1886 ; I. 
Long, Walter H. . . G.B. 1895 ; I. 

Lopes, Sir L. Massey, Bt 

Loreburn, Lord 

Lowther, Jas. Wm 

Lyall, Sir Alfred, g.c.i.e 

Lyttelton, Hon. Alfred, k.c 

Macartney, Wm. G. E 

Macdonald, Sir John H. A., k.c.b. 
MacDonnell, Sir Antony P,, 

g.c.s.i G.B. 1902 ; I. 

Macnaghten, Lord 

Macnaghten (Workman-), Sir F. 

E., Bt I. 

Madden, DodgsonH I. 

Malet, Sir Edwd. B., Bt., g.c.b. 

Manchester, Duke of 

Marlborough, Duke of 

Mathew, Sir Jas. C 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E., Bt. .... 

Mayo, Earl of I. 

Meath, Earl of I. 

Mellor, Jno. Wm., k.c 

Milner, Vise, g.c.b 

Milner, Sir Frederick G., Bt. . . 

Minto, Earl of, g.m.s.i 

Monson, Hon. Sir E. J., Bt., 

g.c.b 

Morley, Arnold 

Morley, John G.B. & I. 

Moulton, Sir Jno. Fletcher .... 
; Mount Edgoumbe, Earl of, 

G.C.V.0 

'Mowatt, Sir Fras., g.c.b 

•Nicolson, Sir Arthur, Bt., k.c.b. 

Noel, Hon. Gerard J 

Norfolk, Duke of, k.g 



1905 
1901 



1906 

1879 
1906 
1905 
1874 
189s 



North, Sir Ford , . w . 1 . » . . 1900 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 1874 

O'Brien, Lord I. i388 

O'Conor, Sir Nicholas R., g.c.b. 1896 

Onslow, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1903 

Ormonde, Marq. of, k.p I. 1902 

Otway, Sir Arthur J., Bt 1885 

Paget, Sir Richd. H., Bt 1893 

Palles, Christopher. .1. 1872; G.B. 1892 

Palmer, Geo. W 1906 

Pearson (Ld.), Sir Chas. J 1891 

Peel, Vise 1884 

Pembroke & Montgomery, E. of, 

G.C.V.0 1895 

Pirrie, Lord I. 1897 

Pluukett, Hon. Sir Fras. It., 

G.C.B 1901 

Plunkett, Hon. Sir Horace C. , 

K.C.V.0 1. 1897 

Plymouth, Earl of 1891 

Poltimore, Lord 1872 

Porter, Sir Andrew M., Bt. . . .1. 1883 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 1886 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M., 

g.cb., U(S; 1901 

Raufurly, Earl of, g.c.m.g I. 1905 

Rathmore, Lord 1880 

Rayleigh, Lord, o.m 1905 

Reay, Lord 1905 

Reid, Hon. George H 1897 

Revelstoke, Lord 1902 

Ribblesdale, Lord 1892 

Ridgeway, Sir J. West, g.c.m.g. I. 1839 

Ripon, Marq. of, k.g 1863 

Roberts, Fd.-Mrsh. Earl, k.g., 

k.p., 1J(£ I. 1895; G.B. 1901 

Robertson, Lord 1888 

Robertson, Edmund, k.c 1905 

Robinson, Sir Hy. Aug., k.c.b. I. 1902 

Romer, Sir Robert, g.c.b 1899 

Rosebery, Earl of, k.g., k.t 1881 

Ross, John (Justice) I. 1902 

Rothschild, Lord, g.c.v.o 1902 

Round, James 1902 

Rumbold, Sir Horace, Bt., g.c.b. 1896 

St. Aldwyn, Vise G.B. & I. 1874 

Salisbury, Marq. of, c.b 1903 

Sandars, Jno. S 1905 

Sandhurst, Lord, g.c.s.i 1906 

Satow, Sir Era. M., g.c.m.g 1906 

Scoble, Sir Andrew R., k.c.s.i. 1901 
Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, g.c.b. 1898 

Sefton, Earl of 190C 

Selborne, Earl of, g.c.m.g 1900 



Selby,Visc ...». 1895 

Shaw, Thomas i9°5 

Shuttleworth, Lord 1886 

Sinclair, Capt. Jno 190S 

Sinclair, Thomas I. 1896 

Slaney (Kenyon-), Col. Wm. S. 1904 j 
Smith, Sir C. Clementi, g.c.m.g. 1906 

Smith, Jas. Parker 1904 

Smith, Samuel 1906 

Somerset, Lord Henry R. C. .. 1874 

Spencer, Earl, k.g 1859 

Sprigg, Hon. Sir John G., 

G.C.M.G 1897 

Stalbridge, Lord 1872 

Stanley, Lord 1903 

Stirling, Sir James 1900 

Strong, Sir Samuel Henry 1897 

Sudeley, Lord , 1886 

Sufheld, Lord, g.c.v.o 1886 

Talbot, Jno. Gilbert ... 1897 

Taschereau, Hon. Sir Henri 

E., k.c 1904 

Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g 1905 

Thurlow, Lord 1886 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto,-Bt. 

G.B. & I. 1882 
Turner.Hon. Sir George,K.c.M.G. 1897 

Tweedmouth, Lord 1886 

Waldegrave, Earl 1897 

Waleran, Lord 1899 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, k.g. 

&c G.B. 1894; 1. 1897 

Walker, Sir Samuel, Bt I. 1885 

Way, Hon. Sir Samuel Jas., Bt. . . 1897 

Wenlock, Lord, g.c.s.i 1901 

West, Sir Algernon E„ g.c.b. .. 1894 

Westmeath, Earl of . I. 1902 

Wharton, John LI 1897 

Whiteway, Hon. Sir William V., 

K.C.M.G 1897 

Williams, Sir Roland L. B. V. 1897 

Wills, Sir Alfred 1905 

Wilson, Sir Arthur, k.c.i.e 1902 

Wodehouse, Edmond R 1898 

Wolff, Sir H. Drummond, g.c.b. 1885 
Wolseley, Fd. -Marsh. Vise, 

k.p., ijs: 1. 1890 

Wortley (Stuart-), Chas. B., k.c. 1896 

Wrench, Fredk. W I. 1902 

Wyndham, George, I. igco ; G.B. 1902 

Yar borough, Earl of 1890 

York, Archbp. of 1891 

Toung (Lord), George 1872 

Young, John I. i885 

Zetland, Marq. of, k.t 1889 



Clk. of the Counc.— Gt.Brit., Almeric W,FitzRoy,c.v.o. j Irel., Sir Jas. B. Dougherty, C.B. 
Dep. Clk. Gt. Brit., Jas. H. Harrison, M.v.o. Registrar, Edwd. Stanley Hope, c.B. 

THE BARONETAGE. 

General Remarks.— This degree is often accounted the lowest grade of the major 
nobility, and, as was noticed under "Barons," its title grew out of a lower division of 
that rank of nobles. We meet with the phrase " Barones et Baron etti " so early as 1321, 
in the reign of Edward the Second, whilst his successor in 1340 by letters patent made 
an hereditary Baronet of William de la Pole. " Other Baronetcies," says Mr. Pixley in 
his very informing work, 'History of the Baronetage,' " were similarly created, . . . 
but, with the exception of a few cases in Ireland, the dignity had not been regularly 
hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First it had become practically 
unknown." The term was often confused, even officially, with that of "Banneret," so 
that in the case of Sir Ralph Pane, who was awarded the "dignitas Baronetti" by 
Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really designed, and 
practically evident that at most it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the Pirst in 161 1 the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 



5© Introduction, 



mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage. It is linked with the nobility 
by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone, the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has much the 
appearance of a specialised order of Knighthood — by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membership of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence below 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there are at present scarcely 
any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the con- 
sequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies are 
cropping up and pestering us year after year. (See the paragraph on " Claimant 
Baronets " facing the Preface.) Every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register 
his pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
161 2 five new privileges were granted, of which one was the right for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up 
to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in 
later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874; but other applications have proved unsuccessful, 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen 
(armigeri) "of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 
lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has wholly ceased, though, 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed 
to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy 
to a female— Dame Mary Bolles, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under "Descent of Peers" we 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow through a female 
parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number 
of Baronets enjoy Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in 
the English and Irish divisions no badge whatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 7, 8. Early in the late reign an effort was 
made by the whole body of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because " too much was asked ; " but 
the recently founded "Standing Council of the Baronetage" (to whom we are under J 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of their seat (or of that of the founder of 
their line, as they may prefer) ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical with their own (e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) our northern friends 
often substitute "Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronetesses, 
but the word is scarcely ever used; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian 
name, or "Dame " toith the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they have the special privilege of 
retaining after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers their 
correct style is given on pages 25-7, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager." Designation of a Baronet, Sir A. B., Baronet or Bt. 

Baronets of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. — We have here 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under the Peers : Baronets created 
f v: 1 from 1611 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronets of England;" from that! 
rffln date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets 
IajJ of the United Kingdom " — the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
the first only, and the Irish by the side of first, and second. The English!* 

* The occasion of the starting of the Council was this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
between the issue of other Barons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
breach of faith. But the only alternative to the course taken would have been the use of the form "Youngei 
Sons of Barons and all sons of Life Barons," these latter having no precedence of eldest sons over younger. 



The Baronetage. 51 



degree was instituted by James the First in 161 1, ostensibly for the purpose of providing 
means to effect the settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 
awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot-soldiers at eightpence per day 
for three years ; the total of this was about ^1095, and the first year's instalment was 
to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to 
the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 
increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about 
930 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title was Sir Nicholas 
Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt.), afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a 
I descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier Baronet of England (see remark under 
. the name in the Directory). The name of Sir Robert J. Dashwood is cited as Premier 
Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir Henry M. Vavasour as of "the United 
kingdom;" but of course the junior Baronet in an earlier series takes precedence of 
the premier in a later one. 

Baronets of Scotland and Nova Scotia.— As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
I date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 

Sand the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain " or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction between Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
1 that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
"Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
1! actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottish Baronets in 1775. This 
: degree was planned by James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
■ settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
• Scotland " to Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling ; but owing to the King's 
ideath the design was left to be carried out by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet, he having already received 
from King James the baronetcy of Galloway in New Scotland (his descendant Sir Robert 
Glendonwyn Gordon holding the premier distinction still). The number of the degree 
was not to exceed 150, and to each of these, on payment of a sum of about £2.000, was 
to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres " of good land." No service was required from them, 
nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried out the scheme of colonisation : the 
raising of money to the Crown was the one great concern. Sir William Alexander, who 
first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, 
Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet 
Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, 
consisting in an enamelled decoration worn from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbon, 
j and containing the arms of Scotland displayed upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne 
upon a larger one charged with a St. Andrew's Cross, and surmounted by a crown, the 
whole within an oval bearing the motto "Fax mentis honestse gloria" (Glory, the 
beacon -light of the noble mind). This badge was substituted for the originally intended 
arms of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles conferred the crest, which is a branch of 
laurel and a thistle issuing from two conjoined hands, the one armed and the other 
i naked, with the motto, "Munit haec, altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baronets of Ireland. — These all necessarily date from prior to the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
r /fh. 1 James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
wjjj account given under that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
IN-iJ Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 1621 ; 
the Baronetcy merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous year 
and is apparently the very first that was granted. In Ireland as in England there had 
very early existed an hereditary rank bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was 
Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These 
were descendants of certain "lesser Barons" whom Edward the Third had summoned 
to Parliament for a special object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their 
baronial rank sunk to that of Baronets. 



F 2 



52 



Introduction, 



HISTORIC BARONETAGE. 

**•* As Under the Peeris, f denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § im Irish Biitohetc j; all .others are 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United Kingdom. Peers who are Baronets are given in parentheses. A surname 
not that tff the original Baronetcy is followed by the latter in equarc brackets. 



James I. 

Baronetcies o/Englcl. only 
1611 Bacon (Redgrave 
line) 

De Hogliton 

(Chichester, E ; of) 

(Ferrers, Earl) 

(Sefton, E. of) 

(Bolingbroke, Vise.) 

(Gerai-d, Bn.) 

Shelley of Michel- 
grove 

(Buckinghamsh., E. 
of) 

(Kimberley, E. of) 
(Monson, Bn.) 
Musgrave of Edenhl. 
(Somerset, D. of) 
(Ailesbury, M. of) 
Cope 
Gresley 
Harington 
Mordaunt 
Twysden 
Temple of Stowe 
fWinchilsea, E. of) 
(Hereford, Vise.) 
1615 (Dormer, Bn.) 

1617 Egerton (Grey-) 
(Townshend, Marq.) 

1618 Boynton 
(Cobham, Vise.) 

Baronetcies of Ireld. hist. 

1619 Burdett of Bramcote 
(St. Aldwyn, Vise.) 

1620 Berney 
(Sutherland, D. of) 
(Leeds, D. of) 
Vincent 

($Valentia, Vise.) 

1621 (Hotham, Bn.) 
Tichborne (Doughty-) 
§Coote of Ballyfin 
(Stafford, Bn.) 
Philipps of Picton 
Wake 

1622 Mansel 
§Aylmer 
$Gore 

(^Kenmare, Bn.) 
(Westminster, D. of) 
(Gage, Vise.) 
§Blosse (Lynch-) 
$Tuite 

(Shaftesbury, E. of) 
§ Blake of Menlough 
Hazlerigg 
Skipwith 

1623 GBarnewall 

$ Stewart of Tort S. 

Charles I. 

Baronetcies of ' Scottd. inst. 

1625 (tRoxburghe, D. of) 
fGordon of Letter- 

fourie 

Huntly, M. of) 
Breadalbane, M. of) 
(tMacdonald, Bn.) 
, Seafield, E. of) 
fLeslie of Wardis 

1626 tForbes of Pitsligo 
tJohnston 
tBurnett 
(tMoncreiff, Bn.) 
tOgilvy 

Crewe 
Sebright 

1627 Dering 



+627 fNapier of Napier 
(fReayj Bn.) 
Style 

(fBittc, M. of) 
(tGalloway, E. of) 
(Bagbt, Bh.) . 
I sham 

Goring (patent 167S) 
Bacon (Mildenhall 

line) 
(Farnham, Bn.) 

1628 (fGosford, E. of) 
tlnnes 

tCampbell of Ardna 

murchan 
tCampbell of Auch- 

inbreck 
tHope 

(Verulam, E. of) 
tMaekenzie of Tarbat 
Stonhouse 

tRiddell (Buchanan-) 
[Riddell of Riddell] 

fMurray of Black- 
barony 

(tElibank, Bn.) 

(Derby, E. of) 

Wrey 

Trelawny (Salusby.-) 
6Staples 

§Burke of Glinsk 
^Butler 
Wiseman 
Nightingale 
De la Pole 
(tGranard, E. of) 
(tCastlestewart,Earl) 
Wolseley of Wolseley 

1629 $Esmonde 
Graham of Esk 
fBruce of Stenhouse 
tNicolson of Lass- 
wade, or Niclsn. 

tAgnew of Lochnaw 
^Osborne 

1630 (fSempill, Bn.) 
Murray of Dimerne 
6Crosbie 
fRichardson 

(Stewart-) [Richard- 
son of Pencaitland] 

tCuninghame 

(Fairlie-) 

[Cuningham-Fairlie] 

1631 fGordon of Embo 
tWardlaw 

($Mountmorres,Visc.) 
(tCaithness, E. of) 

1632 fMaclean 

1634 tMunro of Foulis 
t Foulis (Liston-) 

[Foulis] 
(fLucan, E. of) 

1635 fLockhart (Sinclair-) 

[Sinclair] 
tPilkington (Mil- 
borne-S.-) [Pilking- 
ton] 

tllay of Smithfield 

1636 fAbercromby 
(fKilmaine, Bn.) 

1637 f-Nicolson of Tilli- 

coultrie 

1638 fTuring 
1641 Every 

(Bath, M. of) 
Cave-Browne-Cave 
(Poltimore, Bn.) 
Burgoyne 
(Iddesleigli, E. of) 



1641 Strickland 
Boughton (Rouse*), 

Lawford line 

[Boughton] 
Chichester of 

Raleigh 
Knatchbull 
(Scarsdale, Bn. 
(Wenlock, Bn.) 

1642 (Kesteven, Bn.) 
Kemp 

(Downe, Vise.) 

Hampson 

Williamson 

(t Aberdeen, E. of) 

Thorold 

(Wrottesley, Bn.) 

Throckmorton 

Blount 

(Ravensworth, Bn. 

1643 (Waldegrave, Earl) 
Haggerston 

1644 (Acton, Bn.) 
(Devon, E. of) 

1645 Vyvyan 

Aelan d of Columb Jn . 
Boreel 

1646 GBorrowes 
fHamilton of Silver- 
ton 

Charles II. 

1651 (tRosebery, E. of— 
in King's exile) 

1660 §Piers 
Reade 

Wilson (Maryon-) 

Broughton 

Whiehcote 

(Stradbroke, E. of) 

Stuart of Hartley M. 

(Bradford, E. of) 

(Nottingham, E. of) 

Langham 

Palmer of Carlton 

Robinson of London 

(Hastings, Bn.) 

(Stanley of A., Bn.) 

Bowyer of Denhani 

Shuckburgh 

(St. John of B., Bn.) 

Dixie 

Clerke 

Boothby 

Honywood 

(Northumbd., D. of) 

Wheler 

Swinburne 

(Onslow, E. of) 

(Headley, Bn.) 

Fagge 

Frankland 

Legard 

1661 Bedingfeld (Paston-) 
Colleton 
Beaumont 
Smythe 

Cayley 

Cooke of Wheatley 
Clement (Ashburn- 

ham-) [Ashburn- 

ham] 
Jenkinson 
Bulkeley (Wms.-) 

[Williams] 
Carew 

Milbanke of Hainaby 
(SEgmont, E. of) 
Smijth (Bowyer-) 



16S2 Trevelyan of Nettle- 
combe 

Osborn 

(§Arran, E. of) 

(^Southwell, Vise.) 

($ Aylmer, Bn.) 

\ Dancer 

Middleton 

Graham of Norton 
Conyers 

Tancred 

Brooke of Norton 

1663 (fSouthesk, E. of) 
tSeton of Abercorn 
(Romney, E. of) 
D'Oyly 

tHay of Park 

1664 (fStair, E. of) 
Lorain e 
Biddulph 

1665 Shaw of Eltham 
($Wateribrd, M. of) 
(Roden, E. of) 

tCampbell (Home- 
P.-Hume-) [Home- 
Purves] 
Burdett of Bur- 

thwaite 
tMalcolm 
§Gethin 
tMenzies 

1666 (Carnwath, E. of) 
tStirling of Glorat 
(tRosslyn, E. of) 
fEliott 

tRamsay of Bamft 
(tNapier& E., Bn.) 

1667 tStewart (Shaw-) 
Hanham 

tWauchope (Don-) 
[Don] 

1668 tCampbell of 

Aberuchiil 
tBarclay 

1669 (tQueensberry, M. of) 
Cunyngham (Dick-) 

1st cr. of Cun. line 
[Cunningham of 
Caprington] 

1670 Mostyn 
Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 

167 1 tHome 
^Leicester 
Croft of Croft 

1672 tCuninghame 

(Montgomery-) 
[Cuninghame of 
Corse Hill] 
tRoss 

(tLauderdale, E. of) 
tJardine of Apple- 
girth 
Eden 

1673 tMurray of Ochter- 

tyre 

tMaekenzie of Coul 
Hamilton (Stirling-) 

[Hamilton of 

Preston] 

1674 Blackett 
Filmer 

1676 (Muncaster, Bn.) 
Hoskyns 

1677 tCunyngham (Dick-) 

1 st. cr. of Dick line 
Dyke 

(Combermere, Vise.) 
(Middleton, Bn.) 
(Brownlow, Earl) 
($Rosse, E. of) 



Historic Baronetage. 



53 



1678 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 

[Oxenden] 
Dyer 

1679 fClerk 
Stapleton 

168 if Maxwell of Mon- 
reith 
Parkyns 
$ Moore 

Bunbury of Stanney 
Hall 

Parker of Melford 

1682 fMaxwell (Stirling-) 

[Maxwell] 
(§ Kingston, E. of) 
tBannerman 

1683 fMaxwell (Heron-) 
Prlngle 

tSeton of Pitmedden 

1684 Dashwood of Kirt- 

lington 

James II. 

f 1685 tGrierson 
tKirkpatrick 
tMoncrehte 

1686 tBroun 
Blois 

tKinloch of Gilmer- 
ton 

(§Inchiquin, Bn.) 

1687 fHall 
' 1688 Wynn (Wins.-) 

fGrant of Dalvey 
($Bellew, Bn.) 

William III. 

1689 Molesworth 
Ramsden 

1690 tLauder (Dick-) 
(Ripon, M. of) 

1693 Leighton 

1694 Colt 

tDunbar of Moclirum 
tAnstruther of Bal- 

caskie 
Thomas of Wenvoe 

1696 fBaird of Saughton 

Hall 

1697 tDunbar of Durn 
Soame(Buckwth-H-) 

[Buckworth] 
tDalryraple (Hamil- 
ton-) [Dalrymple] 

1698 ($De Vesci, Vise.) 
>i7oo tAnstruther (Car- 

micbael-) 
[Anstruther] 
Cbetwode 

tDunbar of Northfd. 
(tMinto, E. of) 
tJohnstone 
1702 tCunyngbame of 
Milncraig 

Anne 

1702 tSuttie (Grant-) 
tCarmichael (Gib- 
son-) [Gibson] 

1703 tHay of Alderston 
tMackenzie of Gair- 

locb 

tMackenzie of Scat- 
well (Tarbat) 
Webster 

(SClanwilliaui, E. of) 
tCatbcart 

tFergussonof Kilker- 
ran 

1704 (Boston, Bn.) 
(§Headfort. M. of) 
fSinclair of Dunbth. 
§Levinge 

70s (^Hawarden, Vise.) 
Le Fleming 



1705 Miller of Chichester 
Grant of Monymusk 

1706 tGordon of Earlston 
iNaesmyth 
tDunbar (Duff-Suth- 

erld.) [Dunbar of 
Hempggs.] 

1707 Cunyngham (Dick-), 

2nd cr. of Dick line 
Dashwood of W.Wyc. 
Maxwell (Stirling-), 
2nd cr. [Maxwell] 
Baronetcies of Gt. Brit, 
begin (Engld. and Scotld. 

merged). 
1709 ($Muskerry. Bn.) 
17 1 1 Grey of London 
[Lambert] 
Lake 

1 7 14 (Radnor, E. of) [Des 

Bouveries] 

George I. 

17 15 Warrender 
(Torrington, Vise.) 

1716 Perrott 

1 7 17 Milner 
Elton 

1720 Blunt 

172 1 Codrington of Dod- 

ington 
§Echlin 

1723 Frederick 
§Weldon 

1724 Mitchell, dormant 

1727 (Hill, Vise.) 

George II. 

1728 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 
1730 ($ Anglesey, M. of) 

$Molyneux 

1732 Clayton 

1733 (Ancaster, E. of) 
Heatbcote 
Dryden, 1st cr. [Tur- 
ner] 

1738 Armytage 

1739 Hulse 

1742 (Newborough, Bn.) 

1744 Wolseley of Mt. W. 
$Colthurst 

1745 Beaucbamp (Proc- 

tor-) 
(Suffield, Bn.) 

1746 (Grey, Earl) 
Gooch of Benacre 

1748 (§Athlumney, Bn.) 

1751 (Huntingfield, Bn.) 

1752 Gibbons 

1755 Winnington 

( Waterpark, Bn.) 
Johnson of N. York 

1756 Sheffield 
(Ridley. Vise.) 

1757 Wilson (Bromley-) 

[Bromley] 

1758 ($Crofton, Bn.) 

1759 Wilmot of Chaddes- 

den 
Cunliflfe 
§Bradstreet 
Glyn of Ewell 
(Colebrooke, Bn.) 
Fludyer 

1760 §Booth (Gore-) 

George III. 

1761 Hesketh (Fermor-) 

[Hesketh] 

1762 (Zetland, M. of) 

1763 Blakiston 
($Dufferin&A.,M,of) 
^Cotter 

1764 (Rodney, Bn.) 



1764 Cornewall 

(Lonsdale, E. of) 
Pigot 
765 (Henniker, Bn.) 
Knowles of Lovell 
Hill 

1766 6Blunden 
4St. George 
(Gwydyr, Bn.) 
Thomas of Yapton 
(^Congleton, Bn.) 

1767 Hort 
Burnaby 

1768 (^Carbery, Bn.) 

1769 Burrard 
Alleyne 

Young of Nth. Dean 

1772 (Somers, Bn.) 
Blake of Langham 
Mildmay (St.-J.-) 
Wilmot of Osmaston 
Sutton 

1773 Hughes 

1774 Coote of Donnybrk. 
Edmonstone 
Hanmer 

Ffolkes 

Gibbes (Osborne-) 
Burrell 

Marriott (Smith-) 
Duntze 

1775 § Walsh (Johnson-) 
Buchanan (Leith-) 

[Leith] 

1776 ($0loncurry, Bn.) 
6Fetherston 
Hamilton of Marl- 
borough House 

(Headley.Bn., 2nd cr.) 
Mackworth 
Peyton 

Rhodes [Baker of 

Loventor] 
Eden (Maryland line) 

1777 Doiiglas of Carr 
*Langrishe 

k Palmer of Kenure 
^Falkiner 

1778 (Hood, Vise.) 
Hawkins 
Wombwell 
(Mostyn, Bn.) 
Coghill 

Riddell of Ardnamur- 

chan 
Gunning 

1779 Rumbold 
§Hill 

($Ffrench ; Bn.) 

1780 Farmer 

$ Waller of Newport 
(§Ely, M. of) 
17S1 (Dunraven, E. of) 
Craufurd 
Sykes of Basildon 
Mosley 

(Gainsboro', E. of) 

1782 iDenny 

§ Chapman 
Fletcher (Aubrey-) 

[Fletcher] 
Affleck 
(Haldon, Bn.) 
Brisco 
Geary 

^Hutchinson (Synge-) 
[Hutchinson, then 
Synge] 

$Musgrave of Tourin 

1783 Graham of Netherby 
Jodrell 

Sykes of Sledmere 
Guise 

Graeme (Hamond-) 

1784 (Cottenham, E. of) 
(Halifax, Visct.) 



1784 Durrant 
FitzHerbert 
Rycroft 

Boevey (Crawley-) 
Dodsworth (Smith-) 
Beevor 

($De Blaquiere, Bn.) 
§ W arren of Warren's 
Ct. 

(Kenyon, Bn.) 
$Hoare of Annabella 

1785 ^Godfrey 

1786 Sinclair of TJlbster 
Rowley of Tendring 
Vane 

Hoare of Stourhead 
Blair (Hunter-) 
Douglas of Springwd. 

[Scott-Douglas] 
Colquhoun 

1787 4Hodson 
$Bunbury (Richdsn.-) 

[Richardson of 
Augher] 

§Carden of Temple- 
more 

$Des Vceux 
17S8 Miller of Glenlee 

1789 §Hayes 

1790 (Churston, Bn.) 
Oakeley 

Orde (Campbell-) 

1791 Malet 
Kennaway 
$Lighton 
Lushington 
Rich 

(Northbourne, Bn.) 
Boughton (Rouse-), 

Rouse-Lench line 
Martin of Lockynge 
Pole (Van-Notten-) 
Palmer of Wanlip 
Meyrick (Tapps-G.-) 

[Tapps] 

1792 King (Duckworth-) 
(Teignmouth, Bn.) 
(Tredegar. Bn.) 

1793 (Dysart, E. of) 
Ford 

(Northbrook, E. of) 

1794 f>Paul of Paulville 
Pasley 

Bowyer of Radley, 

2nd cr. 
(Gardner, Bn., drmt.) 
Curtis of Gatcombe 
Willoughby 
Prescott 

1795 Grace 
Chetwynd 
Dryden, 2nd or. 

[Turner] 
Darell 
Neave 
Hawley 
Pollen 

Mac Gregor of Mac G. 
(Heytesbury, Bn.) 
(Derwent, Bn.) 
Poore 

§Nugent of Ballin- 

lough 
§Meredyth of Car- 

lanstown 
Lamb 

1796 Farquhar 
(Exmouth, Vise.) 
Bellingham 
Hartopp (Cradock-) 
Baker of Richmond 

1797 Pechell (Brooke^) 
Onslow 

jBurke of Marble 
Hill 

$Jer?is«W.»Jervis 



54 



Introduction. 



1797 ($ Ven try, Bn.) 

1798 Knightley 

Hay (Dalrymple-) 
Anstruther (Carmi- 

cliael-, 2nd cr.) 
Williams of Bodel- 

wyddan 
Dallas 
Boughey 

1799 ^Macartney 
$Smith (Cusack-) 
Cuffe (Wheeler-) 
Troubridge 

1800 Glyn of Gaunt's 
Milman 

Peel of Drayton 
Stirling of Faskine 

Baronetcies all of U.K. 
(Gt. Brit.&Ireld. merged) 

1801 Vavasour of Spal- 

dington 
(De Saumarez, Bn.) 
Strachey 

(Cottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
Welby [Welby- 

Gregory] 
Baynes 

Lennard (Barrett-) 
Montgomery 
(Graham-) 
Dillon 
Keane 
Hardinge 

Fitzgerald (Judkin-) 

Kellett 

Goold 

Crofton of Mohill 
De Bathe 
Synge 

1802 Nepean 

Baker of Ranston 
Poynder (Dickson-) 

[Dickson] 
White 
Metcalfe 

Curtis of Cullands 

1803 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

[Broke] 
Stewart of Athenry 
Stronge 

Barlow of Bengal 

Wedderburn 

Kay 

1804 Price (Rugge-) [Price] 
Honyman 
Cumming (Gordon-) 
Sullivan of Thames 

Ditton 
Main waring 
Maxwell of Cardo- 

ness 
Smith of Tring 
(Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
Lethbridge 
Clarke of Rossmore 
Bruce of Downhill 
Lees of Blackrock 

1805 Hartwell 
FitzWygram 
De-Crespigny 

(Champion-) [De 

Crespigny] 
Lopes 
Cotterell 

Mackenzie (Muir-) 
Prevost 

1806 Bromhead 
Shelley of Avington 
Cholmeley 

Louis 

(Avebury, Bn.) 
Scott of Gt. Barr 
Moms 



1806 Ramsay of Balmain 
Lockhart of Lee 
Praser 

Nugent of Waddes- 
don 

Thompson of Herts- 
bourne 
Scott of Dunninald 
Hood (F.-Acland-) 
(Hartington line) 
[Bateman, then 
Scott] 

1807 (Chesterfield E. of) 
Blomefield 

1808 Campbell of Succoth 
Montgomery of The 

Hall 

Wilson (Tyrwhitt-) 

[Jones] 
Corbet 
Sitwell 
Medlycott 
Perring 
Pigott 

1809 Hood (F.-Acland-) (St. 

Audries line) 
Baird of Newbyth 
Seymour (Culme-) 
Roberts 
Blennerhassett 
Smith of Eardiston 
Rushout 

Alexander of Dublin 

Stamer 
1812 Gallwey (Payne-) 
[Gallwey] 

Russell of Swallow- 
field 

Hunter 

Hobhouse 

Blane 

Kaye (Lister-) 
Leeds 
18 [3 Owen 

(Grimthorpe, Bn.) 

Radcliffe 

Henniker 

Hewett 

Gordon (Duff-) 

Jervoise (Clarke-) 

Denys 

Young of Formosa 

Macdonald 

Wraxall 

1814 Fowke 

Peirse (Beresford-) 

Domville 

Grey of Falloden 

Blackwood 

Dunbar of Boath 

Hoste 

Cuyler 

1815 Hepburn (Buchan-) 
MacMahon of Dublin 
Simeon 

Campbell of Thames 

Ditton 
Domvile 

Jackson of Arlsey 
Steuart (Seton-) 
Antrobus 

Waller of Braywick 
Preston 

Price of Trengwain- 
ton 

Oakes 

King of Charlestown 

1816 Brownrigg 
Ogle 
Floyd 

Elohinstone of 
Sowerby 

1817 M'Mahon of St. Jas. 

1 8 18 Maitland 
Johnson of Bath 
Farrington 



1818 Verney 
Bathurst (Hervey-) 
Lechmere 
Lacon 

(De L'Isle & D., Bn.) 
Hare of Stow 

Bardolph 
Stracey 
Shiffner 

Croft of Dodington 
(Deramore, Bn.) 

1819 Hamilton of Marlb. 

Ho. (Trebinshun 
line) 
Mahon 

Kobinson of Rokeby 

George IV. 

182 1 Campbell (Cockbn.-) 
(Cottesloe, Bn.) 
Corbett (Astley-) 
Shaw of Terenure 
Pocock 

(Hylton, Bn.) 
Farquhar (Townsd.-) 
Drake (Fuller-E.-) 
Wilmot (Eardley-) 
Dundas of Beechwd. 
Erskine 

Young of Baillieboro' 
Cooper (Paston-) 

[Cooper of Gade- 

bridge] 
Paul of Rodboro' 
Lindsay [Trotter] 
Scott of Lytchett 
King of Corrard 

1822 FitzGerald of New- 

market-on-Fergus 
Brooke of Colebrooke 

1823 James 
Arbuthnot 
Forbes of Newe 
Robinson of Batt's 

House 
Baillie 
Ochterlony 

1824 Lowther 

1825 Munro of Lindertis 
1828 Dalrymple (Elphin- 

stone-) [Dalrymple 
of Nth. Berwick, 
then Bairymple- 
Horn-E 1 phinston e] 

(Vivian, Bn.) 

Vavasour of Hazel- 
wood 

Tempest [Ricketts] 

Doyle 

Wakeman 

Chamberlain 

Drummond (Wms.-) 
[Drummond] 

Freeling 

Macgregor of Savile 
Row 

William IV. 

1831 Key 
Slade 
Anson 

Douglas of Glen- 

bervie 
Otway 

Campbell of Bar- 

caldine 
Foster of Glyde Ct. 
M'Grigor 
Harty 
Jones 
Chaytor 

Becher (Wrixon-) 
Campbell of Carrick 

Buoy 
Lawson of Brayton 



1831 Nugent of Cloncos- 
koran [Humble] 

Craig (Gibson-) 
Barrington 
Brinckman 
Rashleigh 
Campbell of New 

Brunswick 
Nugent of Donore 
Walsham 
Heygate 

Clarke of Dunham 

1832 Russell of Charlton 

1834 Laurie [Bayley] 
Hammick 
Brodie 

1835 Walker (Forestier-) 
Barrow 

1836 Rowley of Hill Ho. 
Carnac (Rivett-) 
Lucy (Rams.-Fairf.-) 

[Ramsay-Fairfax] 
Newman 
Sawle (Graves-) 
Power of Kilfane 
Macnaghten (Work- 
man-) [Macnaghten] 
Kennedy 

Boswall (Houston-) 

Victoria. 

837 Clark of Tillypronie 
Wood of Hatherley 

838 Head 
O'Loghlen 
(Lytton, E. of) 
Herschel . 
Gordon (Smith-) 

[Smith] 
Boileau 

Grant (M'Pherson-) 
Shakerley 



Adair 

Foster of Norwich 

Forrest 

Roche 

Heywood 

Worsley 

Jlenteth (Stuart-) 
(Wimborne, Bn.) 
Bellew (Grattan-) 
East (Clayton-) 
Crofton of Longfd. 
House 

1840 Stockenstrom 
Pottinger 
Spearman 
Buxton of Bellfield 
Pelly 

1841 Stuart of Canada 
Willshire 
Arthur of West- 
minster 

Couper 
De Trafford 
Lawson of Brotigh 
Armstrong of Gallen 
Clay 

Le Marchant 
Power of Edermine 

1842 (Gough, Vise.) 
1844 Magnay 

Parker of Shenstone 
^46 Lewis of Harpton Ct. 
(Hampton, Bn.) 
Gladstone 

(Magheramorne, Bn.) 
Feilden 
Verner 
1847 Davie (Ferguson-) 
Currie 

(Rothschild. Bn.) 
1849 O'Brien of Borris 
Duke 

(Shuttleworth, Bn.) 



Historic Baronetage. 



1850 Abdy 

1851 (Hothfield, Bn.) 

1852 Alison 
(Glanusk, Bn.) 
Bonham 

1853 (Knutsford, Vise.) 

1854 Robinson of Toronto 

1855 Peto 

Moon of Portm. Sq. 

1856 Walker of Oakley 

1857 Locock 
Jejeebhoy 

1858 Allan (Havelock-) 

[Havelock] 
(Haversbam, Bn.) 
Griffith (Waldie-) 

[Griffith] 
Wilson of Delhi 
Lawrence of Bel- 

gard 
(Lawrence, Bn.) 
Outram 

1859 Cunard 
Nicholson 
Miles 
Neeld 
Grogan 
Stucley 
Duncombe (Paunce- 

fort-) 

1862 Dilke 

1863 Lloyd 
Crossley 

Brown of Astrop 
Cooper of Woollahra 

1864 Western 

1866 Buller (Manning- 
ham-) 
Fergusson of Spital 
liaugh 



Watson of Henrietta 
St. 

(Tweedmouth, Bn.) 
Ingilby 

(St. Levan, Bn.) 
Pryse (Webley- 
Parry-) [Pryse] 
Pollock 
Edwards 

Williams of Tregul 
low 

Gooch of Clewer 
Lampson 

1867 Napier of Dublin 
Bagge 

(Ardilaun, Bn.) 
Lawrence of Ealing 

1868 Jenner 
(Hillingdon, Bn.) 
Harvey of Langley 
Child 

Harvey of Crown Pt. 
Walker of Sand 

Hutton 
Humphery 
Buckley 
Moss (Edwards-) 
Larcom 
i860 Brady 

Salomons (Goldsmid 

Stern-) [Salomons] 
Seymour 
O'Connell 
Salt of Saltaire 
Fairbairn 
Earle of Allerton 
Jackson (Mather-) 

[Jackson of Birken 

head] 
Bazley 

187 1 (Moncreiff, Bn.) 
Paget of Harewd.Pl, 
Stepney (Cowell-) 
Christison 

1872 Gull 



1872 Pollock (Montagu-) 
Rose of Montreal 

1873 Kinloch of Kinloch 
Waterlow 

1874 Trevelyan of Walling 

ton 

Wilson of Eshton 
Forster of Lysways 
Grove 
Burrows 

Amory (Heathcoat-) 
Price (Green-) 
Miller of Mander- 
ston 

( Knaresborough, Bn. ) 
Peek 

Rose of Raynera 

Elliot 

Kelk 

Lusk 

1875 Barttelot 

1876 Scourfield 

Leslie of Glasslough 

Greenall 

Hardy 

(Waleran, Bn.) 
Codrington of Dod- 

ington Park 
Cust 
Frere 

Temple of The Nash 

Milne 
1878 Buchanan of Dun- 
burgh 
1880 Mowbray 

(Blythswood, Bn.) 

Meyrick (Charlton-) 
[Meyrick] 

Lennard 

(Hindlip, Bn.) 

Bipley of Rawdon 

Goldney 

Watkin 



FitzGerald of Valen- 
cia 

1881 Stewart of S.Kensgtn. 
(Roberts, Earl) 
Phillimore 
Sullivan of Garryduff 

1882 (Swansea, Bn.) 
Matheson 
Milbank of Well & 

Hart 
(Burton, Bn.) 
Pease 

Wittewronge (Lawes-) 

[Lawes] 
Adam 
Marling 
Freake 
Ellis 

Clarke of Rupertswd. 

1883 Jessel 

Clark of Pangbourne 
(Lister, Bn.) 
(Farrer, Bn.) 

1884 Bowman 
Samuelson 

1885 (Iveagh, Bn.) 
Millais 
Tennant 
Errington 

Jardine of Castlemilk 
Bell of Rounton 
Brocklebank 
Vernon 

Thornhill (Compton-) 

[Thornhill] 
(Killanin, Bn.) 
Corry 

1886 Alexander of Bal- 

lochmyle 
Walker of Ga|;eacre 
Dorington 
Montefiore 



1886 (Mount Stephen, Bn.) 
Green of Wakefield 
Paget of Cranmore 
Ewing (Orr-) 
Birkbeck 

Cook of Richmond 

Mappin 

Kitson 

Palmer of Grinkle 
Clark of Edinburgh 

1887 Hanson 
(Glenesk, Bn.) 
Carden of Molesey 
Clifford 

Dalrymple of New- 

hailes 
Houldsworth 
Pearce 

Moon of Copsewood 
Philipps of Picton 

Castle 
Lucas 
Thursby 
Loder 
Ewart 

Kinahan (Hudson-) 
(Northcote, Bn.) 

1888 Collet 
Tapper 

King of Campsie 

1889 (Inverclyde, Bn.) 
Porter of Merrion Sq. 
Stokes 

Boehm 
Whitehead 

1890 Llewelyn (Dillwyn-) 
Mackenzie of Glen 

Muick 
Sassoon 

Savory of Brook St. 
Fowler of Braemore 
Thompson of Guise- 
ley 

(Newlands, Bn.) 
Acland of Oxford 
Petit 

1891 (Rosmead, Bn.) 
Kennard 
Rawlinson 
(Crawshaw, Bn.) 
Stephen 

Savory of Buckhurst 
(O'Brien, Bn.) 

1892 Durand 
Powell of Horton 
Wiggin 
Carbutt 

Hartland (Dixon-) 
(Burnham, Bn.) 
Lea 

Stewart (M'Taggart-) 
[Stewart of South- 
wick] 

Jaffray 

Armstrong of Ash- 
burn PI. 
Muir 

(Farquhar, Bn.) 
Hamilton of London 
Schroder (Bn. von S.) 

1893 Holden 
(Joicey, Bn.) 
Hart 
Cameron 
Hingley 
Ingram 
Broadbent 
Knill 

(Winterstoke, Bn.) 
Gilbey 

1894 Lyell 
Fry 

Jones (Burne-) 
Montagu [Samuel] 
Coats (Glen-) 
Pearson 



1894 Austin 
Reckitt 
Tyler 

Williams of Brook St. 

1895 Barran 
Newnes 
Dale 

Watson of Earnock 

Brunner 

Dunn 

Bell of Glasgow 
Blyth 

Leyland (Naylor-) 
Agnew of Gt. Stan- 
hope St. 
Renals 
Forwood 

1896 Fayrer 
Arnott 

Lewis of Nantgwyne 

Coddington 

Boord 

Seely 

Cave 

Dalgleish (Ogilvy-) 

M'lver 

Verdin 

FitzGerald (TJniacke- 
Penrose-) 

1897 Lees of Sth. Lytchett 
Wills of Northmoor 
Powell of Wmpl. St. 
Baird of Urie 
Wilson of Ecclesall 
Phillips (Faudel-) 
Reid of Ellon 
Gamble 

Gilraour 

Peel of Tyersal 

Pender 

Ripley of Acacia 
Smith of Stratfd. PI. 
Quilter 

Paget of Sutton Bonn. 
Wood of The Hermit- 
age 

1898 Wilks 
Nanney (Ellis-) 
Samuel of Sophien- 

burg 
Wigan 
Holder 

Lawrence (Durning-) 

Maclure 

De la Rue 

Dundas of Arniston 

Rankin 

Tate 

1899 Thompson of Wim- 
pole St. 

Hornby 
Barry 

Scott of Castle House 
Way 

Brooke of Armitage 

Bridge 
Hoare of Sidestrand 
Salt of Weeping Cross 
Usher 

1900 (Alverstone, Bn.) 
Newton 
Chance 

Chubb 

Greene of Nether Hall 
Lawson of Weetwd. 
Wrightson 
Pile 

M'Connell 
Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 

1901 Aird 
Backhouse 
Gunt§r 
Portal 



56 



Introduction. 



1 90 1 Church 

Green of London 

1902 Barlow of London 
Porter of St. Nessans 
Bimsdale 
Bradford 

Noble 

Evans 

Laking 

Lipton 

Treves 

Panry 

Lewis of Portl.Pl. 
Poynter 

Jackson of Stansted 
Henderson 
Hodge (Uermon-) 
Mtintz 
M'Laren 
Tomlinson 
1003 Brown of Broome 
Hall 
Banbury 
Renshaw 

Prevost of Padding- 
ton 
Makins 



1903 Arthur of Carlung 
Chisholm 
Nutting 
Primrose 
Hickman 

Samuel of The Mote 
Brocklehurst 
Wright (Cory-) 
Rasch 

Todd (Wilson-) 
Dixon 
Cochrane 
Murphy 

Pitzgerald of Queens- 
town 

Brooke of Summer- 
ton 

Smiley 

Bingham 

Knowles of Westwd. 
Ritchie 

1904 Wills of Hazelwood 
Ropner 
Goulding 
(Northcliffe, Bn.) . 
Kimber 

Palmer of Reading 



1904 White of Bristol 
Cayzer 
Plannery 
Boyle 

Heath 
Nairn 

1905 Monson 
Boulton 
Birkin 

Cooper of Hursley 

Pison 

Holcroft 

Royden 

(Michelham, Bn.) 

Tritton 

Wernher 

Pound 

Avery 

Coats 

Goff (Davis-) 

Duncan 

Ellerman 

Martin of Overbury 
Bell (Morrison-) 
Cohen 

Cooper of Sherstone 
Hare of Stow Hall 



1905 Hogg 
Hulton 

Lawson of Knaves- 
mire 
Ley 

Praed (Mackworth-) 

Mann 

Milburn 

1906 Walker of Gore Point 
Lawrence of Sloane 

Gdns. 
Nixon 
Schwann 
Spicer 

Ferguson (Johnson-) 

Greenwell 

Huntington 

Langman 

Runciman 

Schuster 

Speyer 

Tooth 

Wilson of Airdrie 
Caw ley 
Channing 
Graham of Bombay 
Hunter (Hughes-) 



BANNERETS (or KNIGHTS BANNERETS). 

Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the Xing himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, "after good words and 
wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standard at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
First ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in Prance. 

THE KNIGHTAGE, COMPANIONAGE, AND DECORATIONS. 

General Remarks. — In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : " It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which does not 
imply its equestrian nature, for in the French a Knight is styled ' Chevalier ' from 
cheval, as in German 'Ritter 'or rider; " " Caballiero " is further cited as a Spanish form, 
adding, "From the spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Equites Aurati" The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William Walworth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performii»g 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were put on ; whilst both before and after the conf ei-ring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Kenelm Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from such, as 
did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 
the Knight " sans peur et sans reproche ; " and so, in our own country, Brand, Abbot of 



The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 



57 



Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 
father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even _ enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term — not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelors until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so early as the year 506 
(the reputed era of King Arthur's Knights of the Bound Table). 

There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood — the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Batrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Royal Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Bachelors, though not a 
constituted Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India ; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the Knights of 
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, which embrace both sexes, and which, 
like the Military Knights of Windsor, confer no precedence and are denoted by no initials. 
Not one of these is hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only com- 
moners, would take precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and 
St. Batrick are regularly restricted to nobles, the only recorded exceptions being the 
bestowal of the Garter upon Sir Robert Walpole and William Herbert who became Earl of 
: Pembroke, and of the Thistle upon the present Duke of Argyll when Marquess of Lorne, 
j j and the late Sir William Stirling T Maxwell, whilst it has been declared that the Garter was 
1 offered upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title "Sir " is formally prefixed to the 
! names, when given in full, of all Beers who are also either Knights or Baronets. 
Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir " the wife, in conventional usage, 
has the title "Lady "or "Dame" as in the case of a Baronetess. But in her case the 
' honour is one of courtesy and not of right, as we are shown by an amusing story 
1 in ' The Book of the Court : ' The lady of a certain City Knight was once pre- 
| sented to the old Princess Amelia, who was very deaf. The Princess, not aware that 
she was merely a Knight's lady, was about to salute her as she would have done with 
the daughter of a Peer, to the great horror of the Gentleman Usher in Waiting, who, 
shocked at such a violation of etiquette, exclaimed, loud enough to be heard by all 
I present, " Don't kiss her, Your Royal Highness; she is not a real Lady ! " 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
I above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
I is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
; most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
I the year 1900, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelor. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and 
I it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be 
carried out by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace*. 

We are now inserting, from Whitaker's Almanack, small cuts of the Stars worn 
by the respective Orders ; but for those of the Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Bath 
(G.C.B. Mil.) far clearer ones will be found on our title-page, described on page ix. 

The Most Noble Order of the Garter. — The commonly accepted date of the 
institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 
, Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 

' j|l§|L in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be pre- 
pipi ferred is that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 
in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
own knee by way of rebuke to those who " saw harm " in it, and that the occurrence 
thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Crecy. 
Another story is that Richard Coeur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
leathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
night assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 



58 Introduction. 



half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, " May 
he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it, "adding ' ' i.e. , the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for the Order, apparently following Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; but here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should " think ill " of a grand warlike expedition. But 
though mistrusting this application, we must all admit without hesitation that Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly literal than the one commonly received, which 
first ignores the "y" for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or 
nothing, and then repeats the word "evil" without any warrant from the original. 
For the word "honi," which in modern French would be "honni," is not even a 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount 
to a curse). " Accursed be he v/ho sees harm in the Garter " is evidently the real 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured " is far too feeble. 

The Order itself may be said to rank indisputably as the first in the world, and the 
number of foreign Sovereigns who have accepted it is almost countless. It is 
still limited to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign and the Prince 
of Wales, and such occasional extra Knights and foreign rulers and dignitaries as 
may be admitted by special statute, the "extras" being merged in the regular five- 
and-twenty upon the first occurrence of vacancies ; the only alteration has been the 
extension of the limits to descendants of the first instead of the second George. A Knight 
of the Garter is at his investiture allotted a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, 
over which are set up, to be retained throughout his life, his sword, helmet, crest, 
banner, and a plate containing his arms and titles : this practice is still in vogue. 

The officers of the Order are — Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor — all three ex 
officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, usually called " Garter," and the Gentle- 
man Usher of the Black Bod — these two being personal appointments. The Prelate and 
Chancellor are authorised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms of St. 
George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and on 
the other with a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms embroidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he wears a red book of the Order with a device of two pens 
within the garter. The mantle of "Garter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
(for whose names and titles see page 70) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
similar mantle. His Rod is surmounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
and motto. He is granted for life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 

The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
array, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser 
George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly 
comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (this is the mantle 
worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle and 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidered Star, within 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the Avhole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, 
which is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black. ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of twenty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each medal has for its 
border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
between each medal and the next is a true-lovers' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (we here call them medals fop 



The Knightage, Companionage ) &c. 



59 



clearness, as the idea of twenty -six garters round the neck might be too suggestive of 
strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order — the Sovereign and Knight 
Companions; the entire Collar weighs exactly thirty-two ounces.* Suspended to this 
Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
Dragon ; the Lesser George, which is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 
of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing obliquely to beneath the right 
arm. Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.G. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order op the Thistle.— The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to a.d. 787, 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen 
by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, King of the Picts, as they were engaged 
in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently state. 
What is historical is that in the year 1540 James the Fifth either established or revived 
the Order, and that it had again to be restored in 1687 by J ames the Seventh of Scotland 
and Second of England, who created eight Knights and assigned to them the royal chapel 
at Holyrood, which is still the chapel of the Order. Once more the Order collapsed 
through the Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again 
and more permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it was decreed that its 
membership should comprise the Sovereign and sixteen Knights, but other personages 
of the Royal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Dean, the Secretary, 
Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod. The decorations con- 
sist of the Badge or Jewel, the Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge is in the 
form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with a gold enamelled 
figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is worn either pendent to 
the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which passes over the left 
shoulder and across the breast. The Star, properly so called, is itself formed in part of a 
St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroidery, between the four limbs of which are four starry 
rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with green foliage), which is 
surrounded by a circle with the motto, " Nemo me impune lacessit " (No one provokes 
me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the coat or cloak. The Collar is 
composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with sprigs of rue. The Mantle (a 
recent addition) is of green velvet lined with taffeta. The Chapel of the Order is in St. 
Giles's Cathedral, Edinburgh. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 
Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and 
some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
the insignia, but not the ex-officio knighthood. There was formerly a religious cere- 
mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church, and simultaneously the offices of Prelate and Registrar have lapsed, whilst the 
Chancellor, instead of being an Archbishop, is now the Secretary for Ireland of the 
Ministry of the day. The other officers are the Ulster King of Arms, the Secretary, the 
Usher of the Black Rod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. The decorations consist of the 
Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and Star have each of them in the 
centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf of shamrock, each lobe of 
which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle with a motto in gold 
letters, " Quis separabit ? " (Who shall separate us ? ) ; surrounding this again there is in the 
Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole within an oval out- 
line, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two ornaments are 
worn as under the previous Orders. The Collar is wholly of gold and made up of a series 
of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crown, alternating with eight golden knots, the 
roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; whilst 
the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much larger 
harp forming the connecting-link between the Collar and Badge (the other two harps are 
at the sides, the roses three behind and two in front, the crown taking in this last position 
the place of the centre one). The Mantle is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. 
The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over the right shoulder. Designation, the letters K.P. 

* Among peculiar Court usages it is noted that no Collar of any Order may be worn after sunset ; also, that any 
member of the Household must display a portion of his linen collar above the golden one ! 



6o Introduction. 



The Most Honourable Order of the Bath.— The name of this, by far the largest 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in honour of those to which commoners can 
hope to attain, was evidently taken from an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 1399, it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coronation in that year, 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
G.c.B.Mii. wen t a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 

indeed, we are told that in 1127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others "Knights of the Bath" at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
"received knighthood by bathing" from Edward the Second. But it was not 
till 1725 that the Order was placed upon a solid foundation ; since then it has 
been successively enlarged in 1815, 1847, 1861, 1887, and 1901. We are told by 
Froissart of Henry the Fourth's Knights being presented by the King with 
"long green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with 
miniver, and with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and 
b. Mil. after the fashion used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left 
shoulder had a double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tassels 
were pendent." On the evening previous to their investiture they were all 
assembled together, and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the 
rites of the latter having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, 
'• Clv - however, appears to have been observed at the creation of Knights much earlier 
still ; but we find the Order in existence later on, and habitually bestowed on 
state occasions upon such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other 
knighthood. . Thus we can supplement Froissart's account by a more definite 
c.b. Mil. one as described on the investiture of a number of Knights in 1610, when Prince 
Badge. Henry, son of James the First, was created Prince of Wales. Those to be 
invested were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, and were conducted in 
the evening to the bathing-chamber, "where for each of them was provided a several 
bathing-tub, which was lined both within and without with white linen and covered 
with red say. Early the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to "honour God and main- 
tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the utmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
sword and spurs. In this array they rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
highest in rank first) entered the hall and knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then put on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels." The 
above is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last of this Order of 
Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Walford to have been the sixty-eight created by 
Charles the Second at his coronation. _ We pass to 1725, when George the First renewed 
the Order, fixing it at thirty-seven Knights and the Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, 
that it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only 
the highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 
total of the Class (hitherto the letters K.B. forming the unvarying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it was again enlarged, the Civil Division being extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first. Eventually the numbers 
were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive of the Royal Family and of such 
distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either Division 
or Class : even then much laxity obtains by the temporary use of the word 
" Additional " (and so with the Orders generally). It must also be particularly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 



The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 61 

their special services having been, of a scientific or other non-military character or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces^ whereas actual military service^ with mention 
in a Gazette, is Required for the other Division ) a few have Obtained both Divisions. 

The officers are the Dean (the Dean of Westminster^ the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. The Duke 
of Connaught was in 1901 appointed Great Master, an honour previously held by his 
present Majesty, and at one time by their father, the Prince Consort. As a rule, though 
not without frequent exceptions* recipients of this Order must begin with the lowest 
Class, or Companions, and proceed to Knights Commanders before they can become 
Grand Crosses. The Military Division of even the lowest rank is only conferred upon 
such distinction in action against the enemy as shall procure a medal or other 
decorative badge, or else a special mention in despatches ; it is never granted to any officer 
of lower grade than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy — indeed 
very' rarely even so low, the Distinguished Service Order being substituted. 

The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and Ribbon. The 
Badge for the Military Division is a (genuine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 
enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in 
the central circle are a rose, thistle, and shamrock issuing from a sceptre, with three 
Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
juncta in uno " (Three joined in one), with a laurel-wreath completely surrounding it, 
whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve) : by the Grand Crosses 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, 
being externally surrounded with a glory of silver names ; for the Civil Grand Crosses 
there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 
for the Knights Commanders there is a silver cross-pattee round the same centre, the 
Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll ; Companions have no 
Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
composed of nine Albert Crowns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and 
shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 
white. The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Gx-and Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B. is entitled to " supporters " in his 
coat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red 
mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and 
a high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. The Chapel of the Order is 
Henry the Seventh's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. The designations with the nominal 
limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being at the present date all greatly 
exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division was increased enormously, 
having pronounced those in excess to be "additional," in virtue of a provision that 
the second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occurrence of a war. The 
nominal total is 1338, and the oddness of the figures throughout is perplexing when we 
come to discover that about 1800 is the present actual membership without including 
Honorary Members : 



1st Class, Knights Grand Cross . 
2nd Knights Commanders. 
3rd Companions 



.Sir A. B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 
.Sir A.B., K.C.B. ... 145 „ 108 „ 
.The letters C.B. ... 705 „ 298 „ 



The Most Exalted Order of the Star op India. — The Order next in precedence 
after the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by her late Majesty in 

.^1%, 1861, and subsequently enlarged successively in 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, and 
1903. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 

WW loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It consists of the Sovereign, the 
G.cs.1. &c Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 276 Knights and Companions disposed 
in three Classes as below, and such extra and Honorary Members as the Sovereign may 
from time to time appoint : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- 
tion K.S.I, then represented the onlyjtitle which it conferred. The officers are the 



6 s introduction. 

Registrar and the Secretary (who is the foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern 
ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and 
Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set 
in an oval and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Guide ; " it is sur- 
mounted by a five-rayed star 4 wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with 
the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like 
the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the 
whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their 
proper colotirs, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and 
ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards 
each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left, 
and by Knights Commanders round the neck, as with the preceding Order ; Companions 
attach the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with 
white and adorned with blue and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. Desig- 
nations and limits (as increased in 1903) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G. C.S.I. ... 36 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.S.I. ... 85 „ 

3rd Companions The letters C.S.I. ...170 „ 

In 1st Class, 18 each European and Indian ; ex -Viceroys additional. 

The Most Distinguished Order op St. Michael and St. _ George. — Though 
clearly older than the preceding and now of much wider application, this Order has 
^Mfa. been placed after it in dignity, because, having been originally established (in 
; «§§||§[ 1818) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the protec- 
H§Pr torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands 
c.c.m.g. and of Malta, and to " such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean : " indeed, it was not made 
applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the ' ' Star 
of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, 
and twenty-five respectively ; but it was enlarged successively in 1868, 1877, 1879, and 
1887, till it has come to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 
in either Colonial or Foreign Affairs. It now comprises the Sovereign, the Grand 
Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, with foreign 
Princes and persons of distinction (who are Honorary Members), and the ordinary 
Knights and Companions as below. Its officers are the Prelate, Chancellor, Secretary, 
King of Arms, and Registrar : the Colonial Office is its Chancery, and there is now 
added a Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge 
is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four : 
on one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St. 
George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris 
sevi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading 
like the Badge, and with narrow ones of gold between, whilst in the centre is the 
figure of St. George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a 
cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear 
in our illustration). That of Knights Commanders is smaller and of only four 
rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), 
Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front 
centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the 
three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are 
of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the latter surmounted with white and black ostrich 
feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear " supporters." The following are 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," whilst the two Indian Orders alone substitute 
" Grand Commanders "), also the statutory limits of each Class as extended in 1902, 
and not exceeded by more than a hundred in even the 3rd Class : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.M.G. ...100 members. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.M.G. ...300 „ 

3rd Companions The letters CM.G. ...000 

The Foreign Office may designate 30 of the 1st Class, 90 of the and, and 180 of the 3rd. 



The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 63 

The Most Eminent Oeder of the Indian Empire. — The Order so entitled was 
instituted by her late Majesty on January 1, 1878, and for the purpose of commemorating 
"""" her proclamation in the previous year as Empress of India. It is awarded for a 
like purpose with the Order of the Star of India, thoiigh inferior to it in rank. In 
1886 it was enlarged, and again at the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. It now coh- 
g.c.i.e. sists of the Sovereign, the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members 
Badge. f the Royal Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there 
exists the special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions 
ex officio. Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Classes were added 
in that year. Its officers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations are the Badge, Star, 
Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an open 
red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto "Imperatricis 
auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria Impera- 
trix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar but 
larger crown in the Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the 
Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
gold and silver rays ; for the Second C] ass these rays are all silver. The Collar, worn by the 
First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c, Companions 
attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
the Star. Designations, with limits (ex- Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.C.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A. B., K.C.I. E. ...92 „ 

3rd „ Companions The letters CLE. ...unlimited. 

The CLE. appointments each year are limited to ao (40 in 1903) + vacancies through promotion (not death). 

The Royal Victorian Order.— This last of our Orders of Knighthood, which dates 
only from 1896, was designed as a recognition of personal services to Queen Victoria, 
but since her decease it has been enormously increased in numbers, and 
additions, in fact, are now made to it every few days. It had been anticipated, 
on the contrary, that it would now have been wholly closed ; but our present 
esteemed Monarch retains it under the nomenclature adopted by his mother, 
and it was her foible to connect herself in some way personally with every one 
of the many Orders or Decorations which she instituted. The Court Journal 
incidentally remarked that such had not been the practice of British Sovereigns 
before her; and the creations instituted by King Edward make it probable 
that such practice is now at an end. The Order under consideration comprises 
no fewer than five Classes, of which the 1st is to take precedence after G.C.I.E., the 2nd 
after K.C. I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelors, the 4th after CLE., and the 5th 
after D.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., styled "Commander," is 
superior to a C.B. (at first he was superior even to a Knight Bachelor). Higher than all 
these classes there is the Victorian Chain, which is regularly restricted to the Royal 
Family and its connections abroad, but is also held by the Dukes of Argyll and Fife, 
the Marquess of Lansdowne, and Lord Curzon of Kedleston. The numerous 
foreign members are Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on June 20, the 
day of her late Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and the Secretary, 
who are respectively the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Keeper of 
the Privy Purse for the time being. The decorations are the Badge, Star, and 
Ribbon. The Badge, for the 1st Class, is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, with 
a crimson oval in the centre containing the royal and imperial cipher and the name 
"Victoria," all in gold letters, the name being surrounded by a blue circle surmounted 
by a crown ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but smaller, and for the 4th smaller 
still ; for the 5th it is the size of the 4th, but with the cross in frosted silver instead of 
white enamel. The Star for the 1st Class is silver chipped, with eight points, and having 
a smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 2nd Class it is in the form of a 
Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having the reproduced Badge in 
frosted silver instead of enamel : it is not worn by the three lower Classes. The Ribbon 
is of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes — red, white, and red again ; for 
the 1st Class it is 3I ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder to below the left 




6 4 



lntroductio7b. 



arm, having the Badge suspended to It ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is if ins. broad 
and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is i\ ills, broad and attached to the 
left breast. The numbers of all the Classes are unlimited, and the following are the 

designations : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.V.O. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., X.C.V.O. 

3rd „ Commanders > Sili The letters C.V.O. 

4th „ Members 4th Class ) Th lpHprc! w V O 

5th „ Members S th Class i lhe letters M,V0 - 

The Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order. — This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto "Nec aspera terrent" (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.G.H. (Knight Grand Cross of Hanover)— H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
K.G.H. (Knight Commander of Hanover— last, Sir Woodbine Parish, who died 1881). 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover— corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir"). 
Baron von Pawel-Raramingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country 

Knights Bachelor. — In strict terms these do not constitute an "Order," though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 
j£v have mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 
^|§P Knights were known simply as "Knights, " or Equites Aurati ; it must be added 
^^P 8 that "Bachelors" [Milites Bmtihilarii) were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modern "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of " bas chevalier," as implying a lower 
rank of Knights than those who received the honour under the royal banner; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by James the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers ; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at his own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have." A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! 

A few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal system, 
and the possession of a Knight's fee or of a certain small amount of land not only gave a 
claim to but allowed no escape from the title. Still, though it might be a burden it was 
an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts the honour was 
degraded as above, while the ancient requirement to provide troops for the King was 
still maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from the promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ^100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the 12th of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished — the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for which they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1904 the fees on the letters patent (^50) and on the warrant for the 
same {£10) were wholly abolished. 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
" Knight "or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 60) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming an Order. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland can create Knights Bachelor. 



Decorations. 65 



Oedek of Merit. — King Edward in June 1902 instituted this Order, which at 
present occupies a very anomalous position, conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
ship 'of the Order of the Bath. It is designed as a very special distinction for 
men most eminent in any department whatever — war, science, literature, or art 
— without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens that of the 
twelve originally appointed, all but one were either a Peer, Knight, or Privy 
Councillor. The Order is limited in numbers to 24, with the addition of foreign 
Honorary Members, and its only Officer is the Secretary and Registrar, who is 
the Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department for the time being. 
The Badge is a species of cross of red and blue enamel, and its inner portion 
bears the words "For Merit" in gold letters within a laurel wreath, the reverse 
containing the royal and imperial cipher : in the cases of naval and military men 
two silver swords with gilt hilts are added, as shown in the cut. The whole is 
o.m. Civ. attached to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended by a broad ribbon of Garter- 
blue and crimson, and worn from the neck. The Secretary's badge has the substitution of 
two silver pens in the place of the swords. The Order has an anniversary day fixed 
for June 26 (that intended for the Coronation). Its designation is the letters O.M. 

The Distinguished Service Order.— In this also and some following Orders we may 
be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members being Companions only. The 
present Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian, 
the sequence of Companions &c. thus becoming — C.V.O., C.B., C.S.I., C.M.G., 
CLE., M.V.O. 4th Class, D.S.O., M.V.O. 5th Class. The Order under notice 
was instituted by her late Majesty in 1886, its purpose being the recognition 
of special services of commissioned officers in the Army and Navy. The Sovereign is at 
its head and its numbers are unlimited (now about 1650). Its Badge is a gold cross 
enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown surrounded by a wreath of 
laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground) ; on the reverse side there is 
now the cipher ER VII within a similar wreath: this is worn attached to the left 
breast by a red ribbon edged blue. Designation, the letters D.S.O. 

Imperial Service Order. — King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902, insti- 
tuted this Order. It is restricted to members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) 
branches of the Civil Service, and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, and Companions (not exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 425, 
of whom 250 may belong to the Home Services and 175 to the Colonial. _ Those 
of the former class must, as a rule, have rendered 25 years of meritorious 
service, and those of the latter 16 ; but these rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even 
subject to alteration. Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled Secretary a-nd 
Registrar. The Badge is a medallion to be worn on the left breast, bearing on one side 
the royal cipher, and on the other the words, "For Faithful Service," the lettering 
being m dark blue enamel upon a shield of gold girt with a laurel wreath and sur- 
mounted by a crown. (The minor honour of the Imperial Service Medal, like the 
above, but of silver, is announced as designed for award to those who have served 
the full terms without displaying any particular merit.) Designation, the letters I.S.O. 
— We presume that this Order will eventually confer precedence next after the pre- 
ceding, but all those that follow are honours only and give no rank. 

The Royal Order op Victoria and Albert (for Ladies). — Instituted in 1862, and 
enlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880. It comprises Her Majesty Queen Alexandra and four 
Classes, of which the First consists of Princesses of the Royal Family with some foreign 
Queens, the Second of Royal ladies less nearly connected with our Royal Family, and 
the Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility of higher or lower rank. Badge, 
in the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, differing 
in the width and jewelling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the fourth 
substitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
which is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. Designation, the letters Y.A. 

The Imperial Order op the Crown op India (for Ladies). — Instituted Jan. 1, 1878, 
and for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. It 
consists of her present Majesty with some Royal Princesses, and the female relatives of 
Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection with India. 



G 



66 



Introduction. 



Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an Heraldic Crown 
and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. Designation, the 
letters C.I. 

The Order of St. John of Jerusalem.— Though containing "Knights of Justice" 
and " of Grace," this Order is no more than an honorary title. Its Maltese prototype 
arose in the century of the Norman Conquest, and by about iioo it was established in 
England, making its headquarters the Priory of St. John in Clerkenwell, of which the 
ancient gateway still remains ; the Sisters of the Order were located at Bucklands in 
Somersetshire. It began as a voluntary confraternity for the relief of pilgrims to 
Jerusalem, and a similar object has all along been kept before it, its present English 
namesahe having offshoots such as the St. John Ambulance Association and the British 
Ophthalmic Hospital at J erusalem. A charter v/as granted to the British Order by Queen 
Victoria in 1888, its full title being therein given as "The Grand Priory of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England." Besides the above Knights it possesses 
Commanders, as well as Squires, Chaplains, Honorary Serving Brothers and Sisters, 
and Honorary Associates ; for its long string of officers we must refer to the Almanack. 
Its Badge is a Maltese Cross deeply cleft, with alternately a lien and a unicorn between 
the branches : it is of gold or silver according to the grade, and is worn suspended from 
a black watered silk ribbon. Its medal, with a device like that of the Badge upon one 
side and a sprig of St. John's wort upon the other, is conferred for acts of gallantry 
involving risk of life. The fraternity may be described as a Protestant analogue to the 
Roman Catholic Order known as "The Knights of Malta" (hence the Maltese Cross), 
it having long settled in that island after migrating from Jerusalem to Acre and thence 
to Rhodes ; but the two are absolutely unconnected. 

Military Knights of Windsor. — A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, arc granted a pension ranging from ^"50 to ^130 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, confers no more of a title than does a suite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
Up till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
the will of S. Travers, Esq.), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
amounts to £7$ a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from 1349, 
having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
constituted " The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter " as it then was, and they 
continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
the Sovereign in his capacity as head of that Order. Till 1906 they formed part of an 
ecclesiastical college under its Registrar, the Dean of Windsor, but the control is now 
transferred to the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Castle, whilst the Governor of 
the Order is now a superior officer, not one of the Knights. Their pay comes from the 
revenues of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every K.G. has upon appoint- 
ment to contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that 
of the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Eourth, who 
prefixed the word ' ' Military " to their title. Under Charles the Eirst the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queen 
Elizabeth drew "up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the year, and must attend St. George's Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides acting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 

The Victoria Cross (W(&) was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of conspicuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displayed by 
either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and hie and 
non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field -Marshall 
and Admirals of the Elect, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers ; the Militia also are now included if they have 
been serving under regular officers. Conjoined with the decoration is the confer- 
ment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of .£10 per annum and an 
additional £$ for each Bar, as immediately to be explained; and what is still more, 
this £10 may lie increased to /50 (at the option of the Secretary for War or Eirst 
Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. The Badge consists in a cross-pattee of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion above if, and a scroll below bearing the words 



Decorations. 



67 



" For Valour." Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 
ribbon is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The cross is usually styled 
" Maltese," but this cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the end3 
as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St. George, and the Royal 
Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never cloven 
. at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
1 as from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

The Conspicuous Service Cross (C.S.C.), instituted by King Edward in 1901, is also 
1 a decoration in reward of "distinguished service before the enemy," but is specially 
j designed for bestowal on Warrant Officers and subordinate officers in the Fleet who do 
! not hold commissions in the Navy. It consists of a silver cross with the reverse side 
I plain, but on the obverse the cipher ERI surmounted by an Imperial Crown. 

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which has been very extensively awarded of 
j late, is a similar decoration, confined to the rank and file of the Army. Its equivalent 
iin the Navy is termed the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. 

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) is an honour for rewarding the 
[ meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must be or have been in 
I commission and have served twenty years, though a provision is made allowing half the 
I time spent in other military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
I able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 
Gazette. The Badge is an oak wreath in silver with the cipher EE and an Heraldic 
Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a 
I silver oak bar-brooch. 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
I recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
'. ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry in Saving 
li Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
li now two Classes, the Badge of the one having a golden centre with a bronze garter 
around it, that of the other being wholly in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an 
Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which in the Sea Division an anchor is added. 
I The suspending ribbon in this Division is of dark blue, with four white stripes in the 
' : First Class and two in the Second ; in the Land Division it is crimson with similar 
; white stripes. An added Bar records an additional act of gallantry. — Another 
!' "Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, is given by the Society of Arts. 

The Royal Red Cross (E. E.G.— for Ladies), founded 1883, is a distinction conferred 
upon ladies of any rank or position, whether subjects or foreigners, who may be brought 
to the Sovereign's notice for acts of mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of 
a war. It has the Queen and several Royal Princesses at its head. Badge, a cross-patte'e 
I enamelled crimson which has hitherto borne her late Majesty's effigy in the centre on 
one side, on the reverse the cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words 
1 "Faith," "Hope," "Charity," "1883." The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied in a 
bow and worn on the left shoulder. 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the First 
Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 
; State for India ; the Second as the granc of the Governor-General. The medal is an 
oval-shaped badge— in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second— with the 
Royal cipher on one side, and on the reverse side the words " Kaisar-i-Hind— for 
Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blu® ribbon. 
Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Order of Mercy (both sexes) was established in 1899, with the King as its 
Sovereign, in connection with the League of Mercy, an institution also founded in 
I 1899 by Royal Charter to promote the welfare of Hospitals, by obtaining small sub- 
1 scriptions for King Edward's Hospital Fund for London, &c. The Order, which has 
1 been awarded to a number of officers and members of the League, is conferred by the 
' King as a reward for personal services only, which must have been gratuitously ren- 
: dered in connection with the relief of sickness, suffering, poverty, or distress. 
' It consists of a red cross surmounted by the Prince of Wales's feathers, and having; 

> 2 



68 



Introduction. 



in the centre a group of figures representing " Charity," by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The 
Prince and Princess of Wales are the Grand President and Lady Grand President of 
both League and Order ; the Hon. Secretaries are Lord W olverton, Sir William J. 
Collins, M.D., M.P., and Mr. J. Harrison, M.V.O. ; and the Treasurer is Sir Henry 
Burdett, K.C.B. Mr. E. W. Wallington, C.M.G., is Hon. Registrar of the Order, 
and the Secretary is Mr. Reginald G. Lund. 

The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather than of title, 
it being a head-dress which can legally be worn only by servants of royalty and of 
naval and military officers, diplomatists, and the lieutenants, deputy-lieutenants, and 
high sheriffs of counties. As worn by these its colour is black — circular with a 
projecting fan for military and semi-military men, and oval without fan for naval 
officers. Its introduction into England in these forms was due to the House of Hanover, 
those who adopted it signifying thereby their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of 
various colours had been here known long previous to their time. Under Charles the First 
there was a scarlet cockade, but under his son the colour was changed to white, and 
"the white cockade" became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (in accord with his title "Prince of Orange," a small [ 
principality now belonging to France). At that date "to mount the cockade" 
implied simply "to become a soldier," the white or orange denoting the party. 
The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London in the foreign 
liveries of carriage attendants — black and white for Prussia; black, white, and red for 
Germany ; black and yellow for Austria ; blue and white for Bavaria ; the tricolour for | 
France ; scarlet for Spain ; blue and white for Portugal ; and black, red, and yellow 
for Belgium. The word was borrowed from the French cocarde, having originally been 
applied to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian soldiers serving in the 
French army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of ribbons, came to be used 
in pinning up the flaps of the hat into a cocked position, and thus gradually the word 
passed for the name of the " cocked" hat itself. (This paragraph is mainly based upon \ 
an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical Magazine for June 1899.) 

REMARKS ON NATIVE EASTERN NAMES AND TITLES. 

l. INDIAN. 

The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders it ! 
desirable that some explanation of their titles as well as of their names should be!] 
supplied to English readers. For that which we here present, as also for a considerable 
amount of rearrangement in the Dikectory, we are indebted in the first place toj 
Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffield, but formerly of Calcutta, the one as I 
proprietor and editor of the Indian Daily Neivs, and the other as a practising barrister j 
in the Supreme Court. Their generous help has been supplemented and greatly] 
extended by the kindness of Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. Burne, G.C.I.E. ; and for some) 
additions we are indebted to Sir Roper Lethbridge's admirable compilation ' The l|' 
Golden Book of India.' 

Taking up the names first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or p 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what! 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unfrequently a man has to be 
entered under the first of his names, be it "Christian" name or not. " In Bengal,"' 
says our informant, " a Hindu generally has three names, just as the old Roman had 
his prcenomen, nomen, and cognomen. The first would be the personal name (' Christian'! 
name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." Thus the} 
order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, " Marcus Tullius Cicero "1 
has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of the! 
Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 
"some seeming to have no family name at all, as Khadia Bux = 'the gift of God;'"; 
to which may be appended the range of variations from the lengthy ' Abdul Fayal 
Muhammad Abdur Rahman " to the single name " Buddhu." 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multiplicity. Here again we 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 
medans, the highest in rank with the former being Maharaja and with the latter Nawab,! 
with the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Some titles are 



Native Eastern Names and Titles. 



69 



; hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those nominally such (and of theSe fhf r<3 are 
no less than some 620) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by our 
I Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary* It must be added 
; that though taste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with 
: the titles. Amir, Khan, &c, are confusingly used as both titles and names. 

Ahluwalia—Trinoe, head of a princely family. 
I Akhundzada — son of a head officer. 

j Amir (corruptly Emir)— -a Mohammedan Chief, a man of high rank ; also often a personal nanle» 
Baba or Babu — lit. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Bahadur — lit. " noble," or " warrior : " a title much valued by Mohammedans and often bestowed by 
Government ; added to other titles it = " Hon.," but if alone it may designate a petty ruler. 
j( Bakhshi — a Revenue Officer or Magistrate. 

Begum — feminine of " Nawab," combined as " Nawab Begum" in Bhopal. 

Besar— understood to mean a large land-owner. 

Bhup—a, sovereign or king (used in one locality only). 

Chhatrapati— implying one who has an umbrella carried over him. 

Dada— lit. " grandfather " (paternal): any venerable person. 

Deb— a, Brahminieal priestly title ; it is the name of a divinity. 
|i Dhiraj—" Lord of the Lands " (comp. " Besar "). 

Diwan—& First Minister to a native Mohammedan prince, a Vizier ; also a Council of State. 

Gaekwar or Guicowar — title of the ruler of Baroda, with " Maharaja " added (Hindu); it was once a 
caste name, and means " cowherd," implying, the protector of the sacred animal. 

Kazi — a Judge. 

Khan— orig. the ruler of a small Mohammedan State, now a prized but nearly empty title, and very 

commonly used as a name, especially as an adjunct to Afghan or Pathan names. 
• Kunwar or Kumar — heir to a title, son of a Raja. 

' Lokindra — " Protector of the "World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Duttia. 

ii Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hindus, or else a personal distinction con- 
ferred by Government. Maharaj Dhiraj, Lord Paramount; Maharana and Mahai'ao are 
merely variants of Maharaja, of which Maharani is the feminine (maha — great). 

I Mian— like the Scottish " Master " (son of a Rajput Prince). 

I Mir — a chief or leader, an inferior title which, like " Khan," has grown into a name. 
I Mirza— if prefixed, " Mr. ; " if following, " Prince." 
Moulvi — a learned man or teacher, 
jl Mudeliar — " Steward of the Lands." 
|i Myowun — "Mr." 

j 1 Nawab— orig. a Viceroy under the Mogul Government ; the title of a Mohammedan prince, inferior 

only to " Nizam ; " also a Government bestowal on men of high rank. 
I Nizam — the title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the leading Mohammedan prince in India. 
|' Pandit or Pundit — a learned man. 
Raja — a Prince, a title given largely to Hindus of rank, similar to "Maharaja" but lower. It has 

the similar variations Raj, Rana, and Rao, also the feminine Rani. 
Rani — Queen. 

i Saheb— the native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
" Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb, but in addressing it would be " Saheb," 
fern. " Saheba," without the name) ; occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master). The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

j Sahibzada— son of a person of consequence. 

j Said, Sayid, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, Syud—v&,vious forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 
male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 
Sawai—& Hindu title implying a slight distinction (lit. one-fourth better than others), 
j Sawbwa — a chief. 
yShahzada — son of a Prince. 

; Sirdar (properly Sardar)—& leading Government official entrusted with either the civil or military or 
both departments of the State ; a chief or head man, or even a Grand Vizier. 

Sri or Shrv— lit. fortune, wealth : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person whom they 
regard with special respect (never addressed to him) ; used also of divinities. The two forms 
of spelling are occasioned by the intermediate sound of the s (that of s in the German Stadt). 

Sultan — Prince. 

Talpur— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

Thakur— an equivalent to " Raja," and also Hindu ; used locally in Central and N.W. India. 
Zemindar— a landowner. 

2. EGYPTIAN. 

Most of the following have been kindly supplied us by the Earl of Cromer : 
Emi) — see "Amir" of previous list, 
j Ferik — a Vice-Admiral. 

[ Ghaly—a. word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in " Boutros Ghaly Pacha." 
Kaid— used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province. 
Mudir — a Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 
Taver — an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Yaver Pacha." 



Introduction. 



OFFICERS OF ARMS, 

The English College of Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate body originally 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are appointed on the nomination of the 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remuneration, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive from 
private practice, though one Herald and one Pursuivant are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they are in no degree 
connected with either the Earl Marshal or Garter. The duty of the various Offices is 
to attend to all matters of pedigrees, honours, and precedence ; and to arrange all state 
ceremonies in their respective countries. The rank of the three English Kings remains 
invariably in the order given below, but that of the Heralds and Pursuivants changes 
with personal seniority. 

Tho three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in the 
tabard or sleeveless coat — that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arms are 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak-leaves, and they 
wear gold collars of SS., which perhaps means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, one of the 
Kings tells us, is "hotly controverted " (the term occurs in Shakespeare's ' Henry VIII.,' 
Act iv., Scene i.) ; they are assigned official arms to impale with their own (for Garter 
see further under that Order). The Heralds have similar collars, but of silver ; their 
designation is solely in connection with "heraldry," the trumpeters attending them 
upon state ceremonies whenever the more ordinary function of a "herald" has to be 
performed. 

List of Kings of Arms. 
(For names see below. ) 
Garter— Principal King for England. 

Clarenceux— for England E., W., & S. of the Trent, 
Norroy—iox England North of the Trent. 
Lyon— ion Scotland. 
Ulster— for Ireland. 
ENGLAND. 
College Of Arms, Queen Victoria St., E.C. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms. 
Garter— Sir Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty, F.S.A. 



Clarenceux— George Edwd. Cokayne, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. 

Norroy— William Henry Weldon, Esq., C.V.O., 
F.S.A. 

Heralds. 
Chester — Henry Murray Lane, Esq. 
Lancaster — Edward Bellasis, Esq. 
Somerset— Henry Farnham Burke, Esq., C.V.O., 

F.S.A. {Begistrar). 
Richmond — Chas. Harold Athill, Esq., F.S.A. 
Windsor— Wm. Alex. Lindsay, Esq., K.C., M.A., 

F.S.A. 

York— Gordon Ambrose De Lisle Lee, Esq. 

Pursuivants. 
Rouge Dragon — Everard Green, Esq., "V.P.S.A. 
Portcullis — Thos. Morgan Joseph -Watkin, Esq., 

B.A., F.S.A. 
Rouge Croix— Arthur Wm. Steuart Cochrane, 

Esq. 

Bluemantle— Gerald Woods Wollaston, Esq., 
M.V.O. 

Earl Marshal's Sec, W. H. Weldon, Esq., 
C.V.O. (Norroy King of Arms). 

Regist., H. F. Burke, Esq., C.V.O. {Somerset 
Herald). 



SCOTLAND. 
Lyon Court, General Register House, Edinburgh. 

King of Arms. 
Lyon— Sir James Balfour Paul, F.S. A.Scot. 
Heralds. 

A Tbany— Robert Spence Livingstone, Esq. 
Ross — Andrew Ross, Esq. , Solic. to Supr. Ct. 
Rothesay — Francis Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. 
Scot. (Lyon Clerk). 

Pursuivants. 
Carrick — William Rae Macdonaid, Esq., F.S.A. 

Scot., Fell, of Fac. of Actuaries. 
March— Capt. Geo. Sitwell Campbell-Swinton, 
F.S.A. Scot. 

Unicorn — John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot, 
Lyon Clerk and Keeper of Records— Francis 

Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A.Scot. 
Procurator Fiscal — David Scott-Moncrieff, 

Esq., W.S. 
Herald Painter — Graham Johnston, Esq. 
Mace/ — Robt. Gardiner, Esq. 

IRELAND. 

Office of Arms, Record Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms. 
Ulster— Sir Arthur Edwd. Vicars, K.C.V.O., F.S.A. 

Heralds. 
Dublin— Fras. Richd. Shackleton, Esq. 
Cork— Pierce G. Mahoney, Esq. 

Pursuivant. 
Athlone— Heniy Claude Blake, Esq., M.V.O. (Priv, 
Sec. to Ulster King). 



I 



Precedence. 7 1 



PRECEDENCE. 

The relative positions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this we meet with a statute passed under 
Henry the Seventh, and a more important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
which has since been looked upon as the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, there being no recognition of Colo- 
nial Governors, military or naval commanders, or of the sons of Peers' eldest sons, whilst 
till December 1905 the office of Prime Minister was absent. Hereditary precedence 
as a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
offspring. Men possessing two claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher : yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Barony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks to that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it will 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. ^ The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of his predecessor, as they themselves will 
have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official — as that of the 
Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session— confers no precedence whatever upon 
the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as only one degree lower than the 
younger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers any precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the lloyal Family, whilst Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, ' Burke ' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marquesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of seniority of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 

Table of General Precedence — Men. 



The Sovereign. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Sovereign's grandsons. 
Sovereign's brothers. 
Sovereign's nephews. 
Ambassadors. 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor. 
Archbishop of York. 
Prime Minister. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Lord President of the Council. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Four following State Officers if Dukes : 
1, Lord Great Chamberlain, when on duty ; 2, Earl 
Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 
of Household. 
Dukes of England in order of dates of their patents. 
Dukes of Scotland. 
Dukes of Great Britain. 
Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 
Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Pour State Officers as above if Marquesses. 
Marquesses of England &c, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Four State officers as above, if Earls. 
Earls, in same order as Dukes. 
Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood RoyaL 
Marquesses' eldest son3. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Four State officers as above, if Viscounts. 
Viscounts, in same order as Dukes. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester 

(in that order). 
Other English Bishops, in order of consecration. 
Irish Archbishops and Bishops (either Prot. or R.C.). 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Four above Officers of State, if Barons. 
Secretaries of State and Irish Secretary, if Barons 
(Order— Home, Foreign, Colonial, War, India, Irish). 
• Barons, in same order as Dukes. 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 



Treasurer of the Household. 
Comptroller of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State Sc., below rank of Barons. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter if Commoners. 
Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of England. 
Master of the Bolls. 
Lords Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 
Judges of the High Court of Justice. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronets of either Kingdom (concurrently). 
Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Indian Empire. 
Knights Grand Cross of lloyal Victorian Order. 
Knights Commanders of the above five Orders, 
in same sequence. 
Knights Bachelors. 
Commanders of the lloyal Victorian Order. 
Judges of County Courts and of City of Lond. Ct. 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Companions of first four of the above five Orders, in 
same sequence. 
Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 
' Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Eldest sons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 
Members (Class 5) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Younger sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 
Esquires. 
Gentlemen. 



72 



Introduction* 



Knights of the Thistle and St, Patrick are wholly overlooked (Burke now inserts the 
latter next after the Garter), but as they are invariably of some other high rank the 
omission is of no practical consequence. We have omitted not only these, but also three 
or four offices which are now non-existent. In University Precedence we have Doctors 
(in the order— D.D., D.C.L. or LL.D., M.D., Mus. D., D. Litt., D. Sc.), Bachelors of 
the same faculties, then Masters of Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative 
Ranks of Army and Navy, see the Almanack. The order of Legal Precedence is, for 
the highest officials, given under the general list above ; but for the remaining 
classes we must append the following after " Judges of the High Court : " 

Judge Advocate-General. 
Attorney-General. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland. 



Solicitor-General. 
King's Counsel. 
Serjeants. 
Recorder of London. 
Common Serjeant of London. 
Attorney-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 



Masters in Chancery 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Doctors of Civil Law. 
Barristers with patents of precedence. 
Other Barristers. 
King's Remembrancer. 
Proctors. 
Solicitors. 
Notaries. 



Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Irish Bishops :" 

Archdeacons. 
Canons. 
Rectors of degree D.D. 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 



Bishop of Sodor and Man. 
Scottish Bishops. 
Colonial Bishops. 
Bishop? Suffragan, Retired, Assistant, and 
Missionary Bishops 
Deans. 



Precedence among Ladies. 

As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if married and of 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading " Nomenclature of 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- 
ticular, we may here repeat that whilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Lord, the 
married daughter of a Peer may either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to 
her former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 
so styled, see page 74) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. _ The mere official rank of the husband as a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of L eland. The following is the order observed : 



The Queen. 
The Princess of Wales. 
Sovereign's daughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 
Sovereign's granddaughters.* 
■Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 
Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nieces. 
Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 
Duchesses (in order of Dukes). 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Marchionesses. 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 
Daughters of Dukes. 
Countesses. 

Wives of younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses. 
Daughters of Marquesses. 
Wives of younger sons of Dukes. 
Viscountesses. 
Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 
Daughters of Earls. 
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses. 



Wives of eldest sons of Viscounts. 
Daughters of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Earls, 
Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 
Daughters of Barons. 
Maids of Honour. 
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Barons. 
Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Peers. 

Wives of Baronets. 
Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 
Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Older. 
Wives of Companions. 
Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 
Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 
Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 
Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 
Wives of Members (5th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 
Wives of younger sons of Peers' younger sons. 
Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 
Wives of younger sons of Knights. 
Wives of Esquires. 
Wives of Gentlemen. 



* The daughters of the Princess Royal follow, styled H.H. 



Precedence. 



73 



Local Precedence. 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
rank in a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
the City of London the order is — Lord Mayor (on City state occasions he ranks next 
to the Sovereign; in the County of London the Duke of Fife, as Lord Lieutenant, 
would have pre-eminence), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the 
Chair, Sheriffs, _ Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Remem- 
brancer (no position is yet assigned to the new office of Lieutenant, of which there are 
not far short of four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor 
first unless there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At 
Oxford and Cambridge the Sheriff take3 precedence of the Vice- Chancellor. 

Precedence in Scotland. 

' The Sovereign. 

The Lord High Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly 
(while that Assembly is sitting). 
The Duke of Rothesay (Pr. of Wales). 
Younger sons of the Sovereign. 
Grandsons, brothers, uncles, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 
Lords Lieutenant of Counties, Lord Provosts of Cities, 
and Sheriffs Principal (successively— within their 
own localities and during holding of office). 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if Peers). 
Hereditary High Constable. 
Hereditary Master of the Household. 
Dukes (successively) of England, Scotland, Gc. Britain, 
and United Kingdom (including Ireland since date of 
Union). 

Eldest sons of Duke3 of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls, in order as Dukes. 
Younger sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 



Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if not Peers). 
Lord Justice-General. 
Lord Clerk-Register. 

Lord Advocate. 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 
Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 



Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter. 
Privy Councillors not included in above ranks. 
Senators of Coll. of Justice (Lords of Session). 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronets. 
Knights of the Thistle. 
Knights of St. Patrick. 
Knights of other Orders as in England. 
Solicitor-General for Scotland. 
Lyon King of Arms. 
Sheriffs Principal. 
Knights Bachelor. 
Sheriffs Substitute. 
Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons successively (from Garter to 
Bachelor). 

Members of Class 5 of Roj'al Victorian Order. 

its' 



Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
King's Counsel. 
Esquires. 
Gentlemen. 



Precedence in Ireland. 



The Sovereign. 
The Lord Lieutenant. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively), 
of the Sovereign. 
Ambassadors. 
Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Archbishop of York. 
Archbishop of Armagh. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. 
Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 
together with Moderator Gen. Asscmb. Presb. 
Ch. in Ireland. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 
Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord Great Chamberlain. "| 
Earl Marshal. 
Lord Steward of the Household. 
Lord Chamberlain of ditto. 
The Hereditary Seneschal of Ireland. 
Dukes, in same order as in England. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 
Marquesses. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood RoyaL 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Viscounts. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
English Bishops as in England. 
Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic. 
Secretaries of State, if Barons. 



Varied 



q.v. 



Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 
Barons. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, 
Secretaries of State &c, if lower than a Baron (see 
General Table for order). 
Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 
General Commanding the Forces in Ireland. 
Attorney-General of Ireland. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. ' 
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 
[The English order from here holds good to Knights 
Bachelors, inserting "Judicial Commissioner of Irish 
Land Commission " after other Judges.] 

Solicitor-General of Ireland. 
Serj eants-at-Law. 
Judges of Court of Bankruptcy. 
Judges of County Courts. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Provost of Trinity College. 
Doctors of Divinity. 

Doctors of Laws. 
Doctors of Medicine. 
Esquires. 
Gentlemen. 

Locally, the Lieut, of a County precedes the Sheriff. 



74 



Introduction. 



MODES Otf ADDRESSING PERSONS OF TITLE, 

»** For Conclusions of Letters see near the end of section. 



Admiral. — The title and name only, any other 
ascription following- the office thus : " Vice- 
Admiral Lord A.," " Rear- Admiral the Earl of 
C." (or "the Eon. C. D."}. So with other Naval 
and Ililitary Officers, q.v. 

Alderman. — If of London, and having passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Eight Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " "Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — "Your Excellency" (but a 
Duke "Your Grace "); " His Excellency Sir Y. Z., 
H.B.M.'s Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of B." (but see Envoy 
or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

Archbishop.— "My Lord Archbishop," "Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord Archbishop of C. ;" 
in formal addresses " The Most Eeverend Father 
in God, John, by Divine Providence, Archbishop 
of Canterbury ; " elsewhere, "by Divine Permis- 
sion." (The Abp. of Armagh is in Ireland styled 
"His Grace the Lord Priniate of All Ireland.") 
Wife, no title (nor precedence) . 

Archdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
repeating), "The Venerable A. B.," or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of C." (not when 
retired) . 

Baron. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," " The 
Eight Hon. Lord A." Baroness, "Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Eight Hon. Lady A." 
(but "Baroness A." if the title is inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Eight Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The " being understood as a substitute for " Et. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Duke. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or " Madam," " The Hon. C. D." 
Son's wife, " The Hon. Mrs. D." (of eldest son of 
present Peer) or "The Hon. Mrs. John D.," 
unless her own rank is higher, in which case attend 
to Note on " Marriage of Peeresses," at pp. 25-7. 

Baronet.— " Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
rather too familiar to be used by inferiors), " Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Et." preferred to "Bart."). 
Wife, "Madam," " Your Ladyship," "Lady A." 
(without any Christian name unless she is a Lady 
by birth, as daughter of a Duke, Marquess, or 
Earl, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ; " if 
daughter of a Viscount or Baron, "The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The"— see preceding paragraph). For widow, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 
commoners. 

Bishop.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Eight Eeverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;"formally, 
" The Eight Eeverend Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial, Bps. the same, and so also 
by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even Missionary Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Retired Bishop, " The Eight Eeverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but "My Lord." 
The Bishop of Meath takes the style of " Most 
Eeverend," and so all Irish Bcman Catholic 
Bishops. 



Canon,— "Eeverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating) , 
"The Eeverend Canon B.'' 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen.— " Eeverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Eev. E. F.," "The Eev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Eev. the Hon." (so " Eight 
Eev. the Hon.," " Eev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than "Hon. and Eev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
sometimes find the form "The Eev. and Hon." 

Companions oe Knighthood. —No distinc- 
tion : " E. F., Esq., C.B." So with a C.V.O. 

Consul. — "B. C.,Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul at D." 

Countess. — See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords. — Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other sons, 
see under Dulce &c. 

Dean.— "Very Eeverend Sir," "Mr. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Eev. the Dean 
of B." But a Dean ought not to be addressed as 
Dean with his surname. 

Divorced Lady. — In her maiden name, but 
with " Mrs." instead of " Miss" (no retention of 
any former title whether claimed or not). If 
divorced on her own petition the presumption 
would seem to be that she would be eager to be 
quit of the obnoxious name ; but in spite of its 
gross inconsistency the retention appears to be 
the more customary course, and that even when 
merely the surname and not an actual title 
is concerned. -Of course no such title would be 
recognised at Court, but the recent Cowley case 
has elicited a judgment from the House of Lords 
that, while such assumption can have no legal 
right, its conventional adoption cannot be inter- 
fered with by a Court of Law, and can only be 
dealt with by the Committee of Privileges. See 
further under " Divorcees " on p. 27. 

Dowager Ladies. — Directions for the correct 
use of the term " Dowager " or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 27. 
The forms of address will then be such as "The 
Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," " The 
Eight Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," " Her Grace 
the Dowager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for " Et. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or "Emily, Lady E." A Knight's widow suffers 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
wife where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 23) a Christian name can 
be prefixed to "Lady" when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager" shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We venture to recommend that 
it should follow when the name or title is not 
expressed (as "the Duchess Dowager," "The 
Lady Dowager"), but precede when that title is 
given (as "The Dowager Duchess of A.," "The 
Dowager Countess of [or "Lady"] B."). 
We once even met with an advertisement com- 
mencing " Dowager the Lady H. will gladly," &c. | 



75 



Duke. — "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble"] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally, " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGrace." Duchess, "Madam," " YourGrace," 
"Her Grace the Duchess of A." For xvidow, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see under 
"Courtesy Titles," p. 24, and again address pre- 
cisely as if their father was an actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger son, "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," " The Lord Henry C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C," unless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The Lady Sophia" will again 
be correct. Eor the status of married daughters of 
Dukes and other Peers, see art. on pp. 25-7. The 
prefix " Eight Honourable " is by courtesy 
assigned to younger sons and all daughters of 
Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughters of 
Earls {i.e., to those taking the title "Lord" or 
"Lady"), but it is seldom used in any of these 
cases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Right Hon. the Earl of A." Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Emperok. — " Sire," " Your Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy.— "A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of B." 

General.— See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony. — " His Excellency Sir 
A. B., the Governor of D." (if a Duke "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
"Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colony). 

Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles like 
" The O'Donoghue " are complete without " Mr." 
or "Esq." "Wives are addressed as " Madam." 

Judge of a County Court and of City of 
London Court.—" Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
bench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 
retirement) . 

Judge of Superior Court. — " Sir," "My 
Lord" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
(not after retirement). If a Peer, address as such. 

Justice of the Peace. — Officially, "Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King.— "Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence "Sire," or, 
" May it please Your Majesty." 

King's Counsel.— "A. B., Esq., K.C." 

Knight.— As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
the correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
omitting any affix, though " Knight " is appended 
in formal style. Wife also as Baronet's. Eor a 
widow, see under Dowager Ladies. 

Knight of the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
Patrick.— A Peer bearing either of these titles 
should have the respective initials appended to 
his name— in fact, the initals of any Order. 

Lord Advocate. — " Sir," " The Bight Honour- 
able." 

Lord of Appeal. — As other Barons. So wife, 
and now so children also. 

Lord Chancellor. — "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," "The Bight Hon. the Lord High 
Chancellor." 



Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "The 
Rt. Eon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland) .—" Your 
Grace," "His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland." 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Bight Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E.").— Distinguish "Lord of Ap- 
peal." 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency ["Grace," if a Duke] the Lord Lieutenant," 
and according to rank. Wife, " Her Excellency " 
(see "Precedence among Ladies"). 

Lord Mayor. — "My Lord," " Your Lordship," 
"The Bight Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Bight Eon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness. 

Lord Provost.— " My Lord ; " in Edinburgh, 
" The Bight Hon. the Lord Provost ; " in 
Glasgow &c, " The Hon." Wife as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland). — "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship," "The Hon. Lord A." Wife, 
" Madam," " Your Ladyship," " Lady A." 

Magistrate. — See J ustice. 

Maid of Honour. — "Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss"). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank). — "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship" or "Ladyship," "The Most 
Noble the Baron B." 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," "My 
Lord," "Your Lordship," "The Most Hon. the 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of 
" Most Noble ") . 3farchioness, " Madam," " Your 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. Sons &c, 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. 

Master (Scottish). — " The Hon. the Master of," 
and as Barons' sons. Wife, " The Hon. Mrs. A." 
(see p. 27). 

Master of the Bolls. — "Sir," "My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Bight 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) 

Mayor.— " Sir," "The Worshipful the Mayor 
of D.," in a few cities "Bight Worshipful." 
Wife, no distinction. 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. 
23). — " The Honourable." Wife, no distinction. 

Member of Parliament.— No distinction as 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c, when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — "Sir," "A. B., Esq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or "Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy. 

Moderator of General Assembly (Scotland). 
—"Bight Beverend Sir," "The Right Reve- 
rend." 

Officers, Naval and Military. — See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Army and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing R.A., R.E., R.N., &c, when 
correct. When the prefix "Honourable " occurs 
there is not even in practice the same licence as 
under Clergymen, but the arrangement must be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt." implies 
" Honorary Captain." 

Premier. — According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty's Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland).— 
" Most Reverend Sir," " The Most Reverend the 
Lord Bishop of C." (or " Most Rev. Bishop A."). 



7 6 



Introduction. 



Prince or Princess.— " Your Eoyal Highness," 
" His [Her] Eoyal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B.") 
Commence "Sir," or "Madam."- 

Principal of a Scottish College. — "Very 
Reverend " (if in orders) . 

Privy Councillor. — " Eight Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Commence "Sir" 
(unless holding rank). Wife, as commoner. 

Queen. — " Your Majesty," "The Queen's 
Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 

Eecorder. — "Sir," "Your "Worship," "The 
Worshipful ; " but in London, " Eight W orship- 
ful." 

Secretary op State. — " His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
prefixing rank, if any. 

Serjeant-at-Law.— " Mr. Serjeant A." 

Sheriff of London. — As Eecorder of ditto. 

Speaker.— " The Eight Honourable the 
Speaker." 

Viscount.— " The Eight Hon. the Viscount 
[or "the Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a 
Baron. Viscountess, " The Eight Hon. the Vis- 
countess A." Son or daughter, precisely as under 
Baron. 

Widows. — See Dowager Ladies. 



Conclusions of Letters. — As these are too 
lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. — "I remain, Sir, with the greatest 
respect, Your Eoyal Highness's most dutiful and 
most obedient servant." 

Duke or Archbishop. — "I have the honour to 
be, My Lord Duke [Archbishop], Your Grace's 
most obedient and humble servant." 



Other Peer. — "I have the honour to be, My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Peer's Son or Daughter.— -If styled "Lord" or 
"Lady," "I have the honour to be, My Lord 
[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If ' ' Honourable," 
"I have the honour to be, Sir [Madam], your 
obedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, or J udge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be, 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but "Very Eeverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman.—" I am, Eeverend Sir, your obedient 
servant." 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c. — 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below), Sanitary, and School 
Boards, County Councils, &c, may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies. — " The Worshipful." 

Gen. Assembly of Church of Scotland. — "The 
Venerable." 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Lords.— 11 The Eight Honourable the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c, as 
Commons. 

Inns of Court.— " The Honourable Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners. — "The Eight Honour- 
able." 

Presbyteries. — " The Eeverend." 
Provincial Synods (Scotland). — "The Very 
Eeverend." 



CAUTIONS AS TO THE SPELLING &o. OF CEETAIN TITLES AND NAMES. 



Beware of confounding the following groups 
Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdour, Ld. 
Addington, Bn., and Haddington, E. 
Alington and Allerton, Bns. 
Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bn. 
Annaly, Bn., and Annesley, E. 
Arbuthnott, V.. and Arbuthnot, Bt. and Kt. 
Arundel and Surrey and Arundell of Wardour. 
Ashburnham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 
Ashton and Ashtown, Bns. 

Barrington, V., Carrington, E., and Harring- 
ton, E. 

Beaumont, Bnss., and Bowmont, M. 

Bessborough, E., and Desborough, Bn. 

Brooke (Warwick) and Brooks (Crawshaw), sums. 

Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 

Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh,Ld. 

Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 

Balfour of Burleigh. 
Camden, M., and Campden, V. 
Carleton, Bn. (E. of Shannon), and Carlton, V. 

(E. of Wharncliffe). 
Castlestewart, E. (see note there), and Stuart of 

Castle Stuart, Bn. 
Clandeboye and Claneboye, both titles of M. of 

Dufferin. 

Clanmaurice, V., and Clanmoms, Bn. 

Clifden, V., Clifton Ld. and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 

Clifford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 



Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 
Desart and Dysart, Earls. 
Dudley, E., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 
Ebrington and Errington, Viscts. 
Eliot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Minto), sums. 
Emly, Bn., and Elmley and Emlyn, Viscts. 
Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), surns. 
Eitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and FitzMaurice (Ork- 
ney), surn3. 

Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzEoy (Grafton), 
sums. 

Forester, Eng. Bn., and Forrester, Scot. 

French (De Freyne)and Ffrench (Ffrench), surns. 

Galloway, E., and Gal way, V. 

Garioch, Ld., and Gamock, V. 

Giifard (Halsbury) and Gilford (Gifford), surns. 

Gifford, Bn., and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., Guilford, E., and Guildford, Bp. 
Glenesk and Glanusk, Bns. 
Gray, Bnss., and Grey, E. and Bt. 
Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 
Harberton, V., and Hatherton, Bn. 
Hepburn-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepburne- 

Scott (Polwarth), surns. 
Herschell,Bn., and Herschel, Bt. 
Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 
Killala and Killaloe, Ir. Bprics. 
Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Kinnear, Bns., and 

Kynnaird, V. 



Cautions as to Spelling, Sec. 



77 



Kingsborough, V., and Kingsbnrgh, Ld. of Sessn. 

Kin loss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 

Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 

Lawless (Cloncurry) and Lawley (Wenlk.), sums. 

Lawrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 

(Howth), sums. 
Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 

(Leigh), sums. 
Lifford, V., and Lilford, Bn. 
Lindsay, Scot. E., and Lindsey, Eng. ; Lindley, 

Bn. 

Lisle and De L'Isle, Bns. 

Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham), 
sums. 

Lucan, E., and Lucas, Bn. 

Manners, Bn., and Manvers, E. 

Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 

Marsham, V. and sum., and Masham, Bn. 

Massey (Clarina) and Massy (Massy), sums. 

Meldrum, Bn. (Huntly) , and Meigund,V. (Minto). 

MelviUe, V., andLeven & Melville, E. 

Middleton, Bn., and Midleton, V. 

Milles (Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), sums. 

Milltown, E., and Milton, V. 

Moncreiff,Bn., Moncreiffe, Bt., and Moncrieff, Kt. 

Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. ofSligo). 
Montgomerie, Ld. (and sum. of Egliuton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Morton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmorres, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 



Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Braybrooke), 
sums. 

Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. 
Oakeley, Bt. and Kt., and Oakley, Sir Hy. 
Orford, E. ; Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay and Be Ramsey, Bns. 
Roden, E., Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
Rolle, Rollo, and Rolls, all surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bn., Ross, V., Rosse, E. 
Sackvilie and Savile, Bns. 

St. John of Bletso, Bn., and Bolingbroke & St. 

John, V. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. 
Stanley, Ld., son of E. of Derby, and Stanley of 

Alderley, Bn. 
Strutt (Belper and Rayleigh) and Sturt (Aling- 

ton), sums. 

I Sudley, V., and Sudeley, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran) . 
Waterford, M., and ditto E. (Shrewsbury). 
"Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and "Wynn 

(Newborough), sums. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles 



Ailesbury. 
Argyll. 
Carbery. 
Clonmell. 
Cromartie. 
Donegall. 
Downe. 
Pingall. 



Hopetoun. 
Huntly. 
Kingsale. 
Lisbiirne. 
Loudoun. 
Naime. 
Overtoun. 
Peni'hyn. 



Queensberry. 
Rosebery. 
Roxburghe. 
Saltoun. 
Savile. 
Scarbrough. 
"Westmorland. 
Winchilsea. 



The following crossings of surnames with titles are worth noticing : 
Addington (Vise. Sidmouth) ; Addington, Bn. {Hubbard). 
Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. {Bruce). 
Beaumont (Bn. Allendale) ; Beaumont, Bnss. {Staplcton). 
Brownlow (Bn. Lurgan) ; Brownlow, Earl {Oust). 

Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; Chichester, E. of {Pelham). 

Clifton (Bn. Grey de Ruthyn) ; Clifton, Bnss. and Ld. {Bligh). 

Clinton (D. of Newcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. {Hcpburn-S.-F.-Trefusis). 

Grey (Earls Grey and of Stamford) ; Grey de Ruthyn, Bn. {Clifton). 

Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun) ; Hastings, Bn. ( Astley), 

Howard (several Peers) ; Howard de Walden, Bn. {Ellis). 

Lindsay (E. of Crawford) ; Lindsay, E. of {Bethune). 

Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst) ; Mansfield, E. of {Murray). 

Marjoribanlcs (Bn. Tweedmouth) ; Marjoribanks Bny. {Robertson). 

Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville) ; Melville, Viae. (Dundas). 

Norton (Bn. Grantley) ; Norton, Bn. {Adderley). 

Sackvilie (E. De La Warr) ; Sackvilie, Bn. {Saclcville-West). 

Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. {Savile-Lumley). 

Sinclair (E. of Caithness) ; Sinclair, Bn. {St. Clew-). 

Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan) ; Somerset, D. of {St. Maur). 

Spencer-Churchill (D. of Marlborough) ; Churchill, Vise, and Spencer, Earl {Spencer). 

Willoughby (Bn. Middleton and E. of Ancaster) ; "Willoughby de Broke, Bn. {Verney). 



THE ROYAL FAMILY 



WITH OTHER RELATIVES OF ROYALTY. 



His Most Excellent Majesty Albert Edward, bearing the title "EDWARD 
THE SEVENTH, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of 
the Eaith, Emperor of India ; " Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha ; Sovereign of the British Orders of Knighthood ; a Field-Marshal in the Army 
and Honorary Admiral of the Fleet ; Col. in Chief of the Household Cavalry (Life and 
Horse Guards), and of the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, and Irish Guards, the 
Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, the ioth Hussars, the Gordon Highlanders, and 
numerous other Home and Indian Corps, Captain-General of the Hon. Artillery 
Company, &c, &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., Mus.D., has been an Elder Brother of Trinity 
House, a Bencher of the Middle Temple, a Trustee of the British Museum, &c. : eldest 
son and eldest surviving child of Rer late Majesty Queen Victoria and of His late 
Royal Highness Albert, Prince Consort ; born at Buckingham Palace Nov. 9, 1841 ; 
succeeded to the Throne (in his 60th year) Jan. 22, 1901 ; crowned at Westminster Abbey 
Aug. 9, 1902; married (at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 1863) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Luise Julia of Denmark, now Her 
Majesty Queen Alexandra, Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of St. J ohn of Jerusalem, 
Mus. D. (eldest daughter of H.M. the late King Christian IX. and sister of H.I.M. the 
Dowager Empress of Russia) ; born Dec. 1, 1844. 

Residences. — "Windsor Castle and Frogmore House (private property) , Windsor ; Sb. James's and 
Buckingham Palaces, London ; Sandringham Hail (private), Noifolk; Balmoral (private), andAber- 
geldie Castle, Ballater S.O., Aberdeenshire ; Holyrood House, Edinburgh;; also (tnoughnot occupied 
personally) Kensington, Kew, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; and the Palaces of Falkland 
and Lochmabcn and Castles of Rothesay, Dunstaifnagc, Dunoon, and Carriek, all in Scotland ; and 
The Castle, Dublin. (Osborne House, I. of Wight, has been presented by His Majesty to the nation.) 

DESCENDANTS OF HIS MAJESTY WITH MARRIAGE CONNECTIONS. 

1 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edwardof Wales, Duke of Clarence 

and Avondale and Earl of Athlone {U.K. 1890), K.G., K.P. : bom at Erogmore House, 
Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864; died at Sandringham, Jan. 14, 1892. 

2 II. H.R.H. Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Prince of WALES, heir apparent to 

the Grown (created Princa of Wales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; Duke of Cornwall, 
in Peerage of England, 1337 : Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killarney, 
U.K. 1892 ; Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carriek, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, 
and Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage of Scotland, 1469) ; Duke of 
Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.S.I., 
G.M.M.G., G.C.I. E., G.C.V.O. (has Chain), I.S.O., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S. ; Vice-Adm. 
in the Navy, Personal Nav. A.D.C. to the King, Gen. in the Aiany (Supernumerary), 
Col. -in-Chief of Royal Marine Forces, of the Royal Fusiliers (and Welsh ditto), of the 
Cameron Highlanders, the Kings Roy. Rifle Corps, the 18 Regts. of Australian Lt. Horse, 
and 10 Rpgts. of Indian Army; Hon. Col. of the King's Colonials, of the 1st Bengal 
Lancers, and of various Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteer troops; Lord Warden of the 
Cinque Ports and Keeper of Dover Castle ; Grand Master of the Order of St. Michael and 
St. George ; Cha.no. of the uhivs. of Wales and the Cape, Grand Prior of Order of St. John 
of Jerusalem, Master of Trinity House, High Steward of Plymouth and Pleading, Pres. 
of the Roy. Acad, of Music, the Roy. Coll. of Music, and the Soc. of Arts, and a 
Bencher of Lincoln's Inn : born at Marlborough House, June 3, 1865 ; married (at 
St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893) his second cousin once removed, " Princess Victoria 
Mary ("May") of Teck, V.A., C.I., Mus.D. H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta 
Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes: born May 26, 1867 — see 102). Residences — 
Marlborough House, Pall Mall; York House, St. James's; York Cottage and 
Dersingham Hill House, Sandringham ; Frogmore House, Windsor ; and Craigowan, 
Ballater S.O., Aberdeensh. Issue : 



* The Prince and Princess have this relationship through King Edward and Queen Alexandra also— the former 
as traceable in No. 107, and the latter through the late CJuecn of Denmark having been a niece of the 1st Duke 
of Cambridge's wife, Augusta of Hesse. 



Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 



79 



3 l. H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of 

Wales, Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : born at 
"White Lodge, Sheen, June 23, 1894. 

4 2. H.R.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Wales: lorn at York 

Cottage. Sandringham, Dec. 14, 1895. 

5 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary of Wales: lorn at York 

Cottage, April 25, 1897. 

6 4. H.R.H. Prince Henry William Frederick Albert of Wales: lorn at York 

Cottage, March 31, 19-00. 

7 5. H.E.H. Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund of Wales : lorn at York 

Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. 

8 6. H.R.H. Prince John Charles Francis of Wales : lorn at York Cottage, July 12, 1905. 

9 III. H.R.H. the Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria 

Alexandra Dagmar), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born 
Feb. 20, 1867; declared Princess Royal Nov. 9, 1905; married (July 27, 1889) to Alex- 
ander William George, 1st Duke of Fife, K.T., P.C. {lorn Nov. 10, 1849— see " Fife " in 
Directory : married as an Earl, created Duke at the wedding breakfast). Issue : 

10 1. H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise : born May 17, 1891. 

11 2. H.H. Princess Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha : born April 3, 1893. 

12 IV. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., 

a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born July 6, 1868. 

13 V. H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway (H.R.H. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of the 

United Kingdom) , V. A. , a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born Nov. 26, 1869 ; 
married (July 22, 1896) to H.R.H. Prince Charles of Denmark, now H.M. Haakon VII., 
King of Norway (Christian Friederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, K.G., G.C.B., 
G.C.V.O. [both latter Hon.], Hon. Col. Norfolk Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Adm.in Brit. 
Navy, 2nd son of King Frederick VIII. of Denmark ; born Aug. 3, 1872) ; elected King 
of Norway 1905. Residences — Royal Castle, Christiania ; King George's Palace, 
Bredgade, Copenhagen ; Appleton House, King's Lynn. Issue: 

14 1. H.RH. Olaf, Crown Prince of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Christian 

Frederick of Denmark) : born July 2, 1903. 

15 VI. The deceased Prince Alexander John Ciiarles Albert of Wales : lorn and died April 

6 & 7, 1871. 

, BROTHERS AND SISTERS OF HIS MAJESTY, WITH DESCENDANTS. 

16 I. H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany (nee H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelaide Mary Louisa), Princess Royal of the United Kingdom : born Nov. 21. 1840 ; 
died Aug. 5, 1901 ; having been married (Jan. 25, 1858) to the late Friodrich Wilbelm 
Nicolaus Carl, Crown Prince of Prussia, afterwards H.I.M. Frederic III., German 
Emperor and King of Prussia, K.G. (only son of H.I.M. the late Emperor William I. : 
lorn Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9, i388, to June 15 of the same year, when he died). 
Issue : 

17 1. H.I.M. William II. (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert), German Emperor and 

King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, &c, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. : lorn 
Jan. 27, 1859 ; succeeded to the two Thrones on the death of his father as above ; 
married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Son- 
derburg-AuGUSTENBURG, V.A. (nee H.S.H. Princess Auguste "Victoria Friederike 
Luise Feodora Jenny : born Oct. 22, 1858 — see 273). Residences — The Marble 
Palace. Potsdam, near Berlin, &c. Issue: 

18 (1) H.I. & R.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst), K.G. : born May6, 18S2; 
married (1905) to H.H. (now H.R.H.) the Duchess Cacilie Augustine 
Marie (bom Sept. 20, 1880), sister of H.R.H. tHe Grand Duke of Meck- 
lenburg'-Schwerin. Issue : 
18a (i) H.I. & R.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Franz Joseph Christian 

Olaf of Germany and Prussia : born July 4, igo5. 

19 (2) H.R.H. Prince Eitel-Frederick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Friedrich) : 

born July 7, 1883; married (igo5) H.H., now H.R.H., Duchess Sophie 
Charlotte daughter of the Grand Duke of Oldenburg (born Feb. 2, 1879). 

20 (3) H.R.H. Prince Adalbert of Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) : 

born July 14, i83a. 

21 (4) H.R.H. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (August Wilhelm Heinrich 

Gimther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887. 

22 (5) H.R.H. Prince Oscar of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav) : bom July 27, 1888. 

23 (6) H.R.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Franz Humbert) : born Dec. 

17, 1890. 

24 (7) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Louisa of Prussia (Victoria Luise Adelheid 

Mathilde Charlotte) : born Sept. 13, 1892. 

25 2. H.R.H. Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Victoria 

Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia), V.A. : born July 24, i860; married 
(1878) to H.H. Bermhard Friedrich Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Hereditary Prince 
of Saxe-Meiningen, G.C.B. (son of Duke George II. by his first marriage [see 
283], and born April 1, 1851). Residence— Meiningen. Issue: 

26 (1) H.S.H.Feodora, Princess Heinrich of Reuss (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 
Victoria xiuguste Marianne Maria of Saxe-Meiningen) : lorn May 12, 



8o 



The Royal Family. 



1879; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XXX. of Reuss, 
G.C.V.O. Residence— Flensburg. 

27 3. H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert Wilhelm Heinrich), K.G., G.C.B., Hon. 

Yice- Admiral in the British Fleet : horn Aug. 14, 1862 ; married (1888) his first 
cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Irene Luise Marie Anna of Hesse, 
V.A. {born July 11, 1866— see 51). Residence— ~Roysl Palace, Kiel. Issue: 

28 (1) H.R.H. Prince Waldehae Wilhelm Ludwig of Prussia : born March 20, 1889. 

29 (a) H.R.H. Prince Sigismund (Wilhelm Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : bom 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

30 4. H.R. & S.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe (Princess Friederike 

Amalie Wilhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V.A. : born April 12, 1866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Prince Adolf Wilhelm Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, G.C.B. 
{born July 20, 1859). Residence— Bonn. 

31 5. H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta (Princess Sophie Dorothea TJirike Alice of 

Prussia), V.A., R.R.C. : born June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering Greek 
Church 1891) to H.R.H. Constantine (Konstantinos), Duke of Sparta, Prince 
Royal of Greece, G.C.B. {born Aug. 2, 1868, n.s.). Residence— Dekeleia Castle, 
near Athens. Issue : 

32 (1) H.R.H. Prince George of Sparta (Georgios), G.C.B. : born July 19, 1890. 

33 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alexander of Sparta (Alexander) : born Aug. 1, 1893. 

34 (3) H.R.H. Princess Helena of Sparta (Helene) : bom May 2, 1896. 

35 (4) H.R.H. Prince Paul of Sparta (Paulos) : born Dec. 14, 1901. 

36 (5) H.R.H. Princess Eirene of Sparta : born Feb. 13, 1904. 

37 6. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margarete Beatrice 

Feodora of Prussia), V.A. : born April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince; 
Friedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hesse, G.C.B. (son of H.R.H. the late 
Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and born May 1, i858). Residence — Frankfort- 
on-Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue : 

38 (1) H.H. Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Victor of Hesse : born Nov. 23, 1893. 

39 (2) H.H. Prince Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Eduard of Hesse : 

born Oct. 20, 1894. 

40-1 (3 & 4) T.H. Princes Philipp and Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse : twins, born 

Nov. 6, 1896. 

42-3 (5 & 6) T.H. Princes Richard Wilhelm Leopold and Christoph Emst August 

of Hesse : twins, born May 14, 1901. 

44 II. H.R. & G.D.H. the late Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of 

the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A. : born at Buckingham Palace, April 25, 1843 ; married (at Osborne, 1862) to the 
late Prince Louis, afterwards H.R. & S.H. Louis IV. (Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm), 
Reigning Grand Duke of Hesse and of the Ehine, K.G. {bom Sept. 12, 1837 ; granted 
title of Royal Highness " by English warrant, 1862 ; died March" 13, 1892) ; died Dec. 
14, 1878 (the 17th anniversary of the death of her father). Issue: 

45 1. H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde 

Alberta Marie of Hesse), V.A. : born April 5, 1863; m.arrkd (1884) to H.S.H. 
Louis (Ludwig Alexander), Prince of Battenberg, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., 
K.C.M.G., Rear-Adm. R.N., Second in Comd. of the Meditn. Fleet, Personal 
Naval A.D.C. to H.M., Commander of 2nd Cruiser Squadron, and an Elder 
Brother of Trinity House {born May 24, 1854). Issue: 

46 (1) H.R.H. Princess Andrew of Greece {nee Princess Victoria Alice Elisabeth 

Julie Marie of Battenberg) : born Feb. 25, 1885 ; married (1903) to 
H.R.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. {born Feb. 1, n.s., 
1882). Residence — Athens. Issue: 
46a (i) H.R.H. Princess Margaret of Greece : bom April 17, 1905. 

47 (2) Princess Louisa of Battenberg (Luise Alexandra Marie Irene) : born July 

13, 1889. 

48 (3) Prince George of Battenberg (Ludwig Victor Georg Heinrich Sergius) : 

bom Nov. 6, 1892. 

49 (4) Prince Louis of Battenberg (Albert Victor Ludwig) : born June 25, 1900. 

50 2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Sergius of Russia {nee 

H.G.D.H. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : born 
Nov. 1, 1864; married (1884, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the late 
Grand Duke Sergius Alexandrovitch of Russia, G.C.B., "Major-General in the 
Russian Army {bom May 11, 1857, assassinated Feb. 17, 1905 ; uncle of the Tsar). 
Residence -Moscow. 

51 3- H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia {nee H.G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 

Anna of Hesse), V.A. : born July 11, 1866; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, K.G. {bom Aug. 14, 1862— see 27). 

52 4- H.R.H. Ernest Louis (Emst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm) , Reigning Grand Duke 

of Hesse and of the Rhine (" bei Rhein"), K.G., G.C.B., Major-General in the 
German Army : born Nov. 25, 1868 ; succeeded his father 1892 ; married, 1st (1894),' 
his first cousin H.R.H. Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I., 
see 62, but the marriage was dissolved Dec. 1901 ; andly (1905), Princess Eleonop.e 
Ernestine Marie of Solms-Hoiiensolms-Lich {bom Sept. 17, 1871). Residence — 
New Palace, Darmstadt. Issue : 
52 rt (1) H.R.H. Prince of Hesse : born Nov. 1906. 



Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 



81 



53 5. H.I.M. Alexandra Fedorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa*of Russia,V.A. (?ieeH.G.D.H. 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse) : born June 6, 1872 ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.I.M. Nicholas H. Alexandrovitch, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, 
Tsar of Moscow* Kiev, &c, K.G. [born May 18, 1868, n.s. ; succeeded his father 
Nov. 1, .1894). Besidences— Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, and Alexander 
Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, near thereto. Issue: 

54 (1) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga Nieolaievna of Russia : born Nov. 15, 1895. 

55 (2) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Tatian a Nieolaievna of Russia : born June 10,1897. 
55 (3) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nieolaievna of Russia : born June 26, 1899. 

57 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nieolaievna of Russia : born June 

17, 1901. 

58 (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitch of Russia, Tsarevitch or 

Heir Apparent to the Throne : bom Aug. 12, 1904. 

59 III. H.R.H. the late Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony', K.G., K.T., K.P., &c. ; Admiral of the Eleet : born at Windsor Castle, 
Aug. 6, 1844 ; succeeded his uncle H.H. Ernest II. Aug. 22, 1893 (the Prince of Wales, 
now King Edward, having in 1863 renounced his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 
1900, having married (at St. Petersburg, Jan. 23, 1874) H.I.H. (now H.I. & R.H.) the 
Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, V.A., C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. 
the late Alexander II., and sister of Alexander III., Emperors of Russia, and born 
Oct. 17, 1853). Residence— Coburg. Issue: 

60 1. H.R.H. the late Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of 

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born Oct. 15, 1874 ; died Feb. 6, 1899. 

61 2. H.R.H. Princess Eerdinand of Roumania (Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of 

Saxe-Coburg &c), V.A., C.I. : born Qct. 29, 1875; married (1893) to H.R.H. 
Eerdinand Victor Albert Meinrad, Prince of Roumania, G.C.B. (born Aug. 24, 
1865 — see 168-72, where their four children are given). 

62 3. H.R.H. Victoria Melita, Princess of Saxe-Coburg, &c, V.A., C.I. : born in Malta, 

Nov. 25, 1876; married (1S94) to her first cousin H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand 
Duke of Hesse, K.G. (see 52), marriage dissolved Dec. 1901 ; she was re-married 
(Oct. 8, 1905) to the Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovitch of Russia {born 1876), 
1st cousin of the Tsar, who, for thus allying himself with the Tsar's sister-in-law, 
was deprived of his military honours and banished. 

63 4. H.R.H. Alexandra, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Princess 

Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c): born Sept. 1, 1878; 
married (1896) to H.S.H. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Hokenlohe-Langenburg 
and Regent of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha {born Sept. 13, 1863— see 256-60, where 
their four children are given) . 
5. H.R.H. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 
April 20, 1884. 

65 IV. H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of ScuLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 

burgt (Princess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony 
and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, V.A., C.I., R.R.C.: born at Buckingham Palace, 
May 25, 1846 ; married (at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, 1866) to H.R.H. Prince 
Christian (Friedrich Christian Carl August) of SciiLESWiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg- 
Augustenburg, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O., a General in the British Army, High Steward 
of Windsor, and Chief Ranger of the Park, a Personal A.D.C. to H.M. (born Jan. 22, 
1831; created "Royal Highness" by English warrant 1866, his sons and daughters 
being "Highness"). Residences— Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park; Sjhomberg House, 
Pall Mall, S.W. Issue: 

66 1. H.H. the late Prince Christian Victor Albert Louis Emest Antony of Schleswig- 

Holstein, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Africa) : born April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, igoo. 

67 2. H.H. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 

stein, G.C.B. (Civ.), G.C.V.O. : born Feb. 26, 1869. Residence— Potsdam. 

68 3. H.H. Princess Victoria Louise Sophie Helena of Sceleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I., 

R.R.C., Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the League) : born May 3, 1870. 

69 4. H.H. Princess Francisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christine Helene of 

SciiLESwiG-HoLSTEiN, V.A., C.I. : born Aug. 12, 1872; was 1891-1900 "Princess 
Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved by joint request to suit a 
new family law of that Ducal house. Residence — 21 Queensberry Place, S.W. 

70 V. H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (Louise Caroline Alberta), a Princess of 

the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 



* The common form " Czarina " has no warrant in Russian. As to the cz or ts, the latter precisely represents the 
original, and now that it is coming so largely into use it is certainly far preferable : the form " czar " is used by the 
French, perhaps borrowed by them from the Hungarian, in which tongue alone cz has the sound of is. It may 
here be added in reference to " Fedorovna" that the termination -vna implies " daughter of" just as -vitch implies 
''son of," the "Fedor" (not "Feodor," which is the German form) here being the regular Russian equivalent to 
'Friedrich," that name of the father having been preferred to the'preceding "Ludwig," the corresponding form 
bo which would have been "Ludovic." As to the use of v or w in transliterating from Russian characters, the v is 
iorrect for English use and w only for German. 

t In the ' Almanach de Gotha' " Holstein" is the leading word and the entire house is arranged under the 
livisions " Holstein-Sonderburg " and " Holstein-Gottorp," the former Deing subdivided into the branches 
' Schles. -Hoist. -Sond.-Augustenburg " and " Scales. -Holst.-Sond.-Gliicksburg : " all under the heading "Holstein." 



H 



82 The Royal Family, 



V.A., C.I. : lorn at Buckingham Palace, March. 18, 1848; married (at St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Campbell, Marquess of Lome, now 
9th Duke of Argyll, K.T. — see " Argyll " in Directory) . 

71 VI. H.B.H. Arthur William Patrick Albeit, Duke of Connaught and of Strathearn, and 

Earl of Sussex {U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.M.B.. Gr.C.S.L, G.C.M.G., 

G. C.I.E., G.C.V.O. (has Chain), LL.D. ; a Field-Marshal in the British Army. In- 
spector-Gen. of the Forces and President of the Selection Board, a personal A.D.C. to 

H. M., Col.-in-Chief of the Bine Brigade, the Inniskilling Dragoons, the Highland Lt. 
Infantry, the Boy. Dublin Fusiliers, and Col. of the Grenadier Guards and of the Army 
Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. and of numerous Militia and 
Volunteer troops, President of the Counc. of the Boy. Patriotic Fund; served in Canada 
in the Fenian Paid of 1870 and in Egypt 1883 ; was Com.-in-Chief in Bombay 1886-90, 
afterwards of S. District and at Aldershot, late Commander of the Troops in Heland; 
Banger of Epping Forest, Great Prior of Ireland, a Knight of Justice of St. John of 
Jerusalem, Grand Master of the Freemasons of England, a Bencher of Gray's Inn, 
&c. : lorn at Buckingham Palace, May 1, 1850; married (at Windsor, March 13 
1879) H.B.H. Princess Louisa Margaret (Luise Margarete Agnes) of Prussia, V.A., 
C.I.,B.B.C, Mus. D., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (third daughter of 
H.B.H. the late Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, G.C.B., and born July 25, i860). 
Residences— Bagshot Park, Surrey ; Clarence House, St. James's, S.W. Issue: 

72 1. H.B.H. Princess Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden {nee H.B.H. Princess Margaret 

Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught), V.A., a Lady of Justice of 
St. John cf Jerusalem : born Jan. 15, 1882 ; married (June 15, 1905) to H.B.H. 
Prince Gustavus Adolphus (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf, born 
Nov. li, 1S82), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Duke of Scania (otherwise 
Schonen), eldest son of H.B.H. the Crown Prince of Sweden. Issue: 
72a (1) H.B.H. Prince Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Duke of Westerbotten : 

lorn April 22, igo5. 

73 2. H.B.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albeit of Connaught, K.G., G.C.V.O., 

a Personal A.D.C. to H.M., Lieut. 7th Hussars, served in S. Africa 1901-2, a 
Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : lorn Jan. 13, 1883. 

74 3. H.B..H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught : born 

March 17, 1886. 

75 VH. H.B.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Arklow {U.K. 1881), K.G., K.T., &c, B.C. : lorn at Buckingham Palace, 
April 7 1853 : died at Cannes, March 28, 1884, having viarried (at Windsor, April 27, 
1882) Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, V.A., C.I., B.B.C., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (weV: H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike Auguste, fourth 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Beigning Brince George Victor, and aunt of H.M. 
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands : lorn Feb. 17, 1861 ; residence — Villa Nevada, 
Cannes, and with her son, as below). Issue : 

76 1. H.B.H. Princess Alice of Teck (Alice Marie Victoria Auguste Pauline of 

Albany), V.A., Order of Mercy (a Lady Presid. of the League) : lorn Feb. 25, 
1883 ; married (1904) to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (see 108). 

77 2. H.B.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albeit, Beigning Duke of Saxe- 

Coburg and Gotha, and 2nd Duke of Albany, &c.' (see under 1st Duke), Duke 
of Jiilich, Cleve, and Berg, of Engem and Westohalia, Landgrave of Thuringia, 
Margrave of Meissen, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Col.-in-Chief 95th Brussian 
Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders : lorn (posthumous) at Claremont, July 19, 
1884, and succeeded at his birth to the Albany title, in 1900 to that of Saxe- 
Coburg ; married (Oct. 11, 1905) Brincess Victoria Adelheid Helene 
Friederike, daughter of H.H. the Duke of Schleswig-Hoist.-Sond.-Glucksburg 
(see 275). Residences— The Palaces at Coburg, Ehrenberg, Callenberg, and 
Bosenau in Saxe-Coburg, and those at Beinhardsbrun, Oberhof, and Friedenstein 
in Gotha; Schloss Santer, Pomerania ; Greinburg and Hinterriss, Austria; 
Claremont, Esher, Surrey. Issue: 
77« (1) H.B.H. Prince Johann Leopold Victor of Saxe-Coburg: born Aug. 2, 

1906. 

78 VIII. H.B.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Fedora of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, V.A., C.I., B.B.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, now Governor of 
the Isle of Wight : bom at Buckingham Palace, April 14, 1857 '■> married (at Whippingham 
Church, I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.B.H. the late Brince Henry Maurice of Battenberg, 
K.G., B.C., Governor of the Isle of Wight, a Colonel in the Army {born Oct. 5, 1858 ; 
nahtralised and created " Boyal Highness" 1885; died during the Ashanti Expedition, 
Jan. 20, 1896). Residence — Osborne Cottage, I.W., and Kensington Palace. Issue: 

79 »• H.H. Prince Alexander Albeit of Battenberg : lorn Nov. 23, 1886. 

80 2. H.M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain {nee H.H. Brincess Victoria Eugenie 

Julia Ena of Battenberg): lorn Oct. 24, 1887; created Boyal Highness 
April 5, 1906; married May 31, same year, H.M. Alfonso XIII., King of 
Spain {born May 17, 1886), having joined B. C. Church, March 7. 

81 3. H.H. Prince Leoi old Arthur Louis of Battenberg : born May 21, 1889. 

82 4. H.H. Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg : lorn Oct. 3, 1891. • 



Cousins of His Majesty. 



COUSINS 03? HIS MAJESTY. 
A. On SIbe of Duke oe Kent?; 1st Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through H*m t Ernest) tst Duke of Cumberland, King of Hanover \ ith brother of the Duke of Kent. 

83 I. H.M. the late George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus, 2nd Dtike of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale, and King George V. of Hanover, a Prince of the United 
Kingdom and Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, K.G.,'G.C.H. : born May 27, 1819; died 
June 12, 1878, having married (1843) H.H. (now H.M. the Queen of Hanover by title) 
Princess Alexandrina Marie Wilhelmine Georgine of Saxe-Altenbueg, V.A. (eldest 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Reigning Duke Joseph, and 60m April 14, 1818 ; residence— 
Gmunden, Upper Austria). H. M. succeeded his father in 1851, and reigned over 
Hanover till 1866, when the Kingdom was incorporated with Prussia. Issue: 

84 1. H.R.H. Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale (Gt. Brit. 1799) and Earl of Armagh (Ire .1799), a 
Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Branswick-Luneburg, K.G. ,G.C.H., 
General Supernumerary in the British Army and CSISnel in that of Austria : 
born at Hanover, Sept. 21, 1845; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.R.H. Princess Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. the late King Christian IX., and sister of H.M. 
Queen Alexandra; born Sept. 29, 1853). Besidences — Gmunden, Upper Austria, 
and Penzing, near Vienna. Issue : 

85 (1) H.R.H. Princess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victoria 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): born Oct. 11,1879; married 
(1900) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian Alexander Eriedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of present Grand Duke, and bom July 10, 1867). 
Besidence — Karlsruhe. Issue: 

86 (i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden: born 

Aug. 1, 1902. 

86a (ii) H.H. Prince of Baden : bcrnFeb. 25, 1906. 

87 (2) H.R.H. Prince George William, Earl of Armagh (Georg Wilhelm 

Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.) : bom Oct. 28, 1880. 

88 (3) H.R.H. Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Princess 

Alexandra Luise Marie Olga of Cumberland &c.) : born Sept. 29, 1882 ; 
married (1904) to H.R.H. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Schwerin (Friedrich Franz Michel, born April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). 

89 (4) H.R.H. Princess Olga Adeiheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumber- 

land &c. : born July 11, 1884. 

90 (5) H.R.H. Prince Ernest Augustus of Cumberland &c. (Ernst August 

Christian Georg) : born Nov. 17, 1887. 

91 2, H.R.H. Princess Frederic a, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa of Hanover) , a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Branswick-Liineburg, C.I., R.R.C. : born at Hanover, Jan. 
9, 1848 ; married (1880) to Alpiionse, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen (Luitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Alphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H., V.D. (bom July 27, 
1843; naturalised 1880). Besidence — Biarritz, France. 

92 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Mary of Hanover &c. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra), 

C.I. : bom at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 ; died June 4, 1904. 

Through H.B.H. Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge, 6f7i brother of the Duke of Kent. 

93 I. H.R.H. the late George William Frederick Charles, 2nd and last Duke of Cambridge, 

Earl of Tipperary, and Baron of Culloden (U.K. 1801) : born at Hanover, March 26, 
1819; succeeded his father 1850; died March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) 
the late Miss Louisa Fairbrother (born 1815, died 1890), whose children bear the name 
of FitzGeorge (see Directory). 

94 II. H.R.H. Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess Augusta 

Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Bruns- 
wick-Luneburg, C.I. : bom at Hanover, July 19, 1822 ; married (1843) to H.R.H. the 
late Frederick William (Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Georg Ernst Adolf Gustav), Grand 
Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. (born Oct. 17, 1819; died May 30, 1904). 
Besidences— Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 

95 1. H.R.H. Adolphus Frederick (Georg Adolf Friedrich Wellington) , Reigning Grand 

Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, G.C.B. : born July 22, 1848; succeeded his 
father 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Elisabeth Marie 
Friederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the Reigning 
Duke Leopold Frederick, and bom Sept. 7, 1857) . Besidences — Neustrelitz, Meck- 
lenburg-Strelitz, and 16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 
I- 96 (1) H.H. Duchess Marie, Countess Jametel (nee Victoria Marie Auguste 

Leopoldine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) : born May 8, 1878; married 
(1899) to Maurice George, Count Jametel, 
1 97 (i) Son born Feb. 3, 1904. 

I 98 (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro (nee Duchess Auguste Charlotte 

Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ; but now takes name Militza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : born Jan. 24, 1880 . 



.8 4 



The Royal Family [Relatives). 



married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander of Montenegro, 
K.C.V.O. (born June 29, 1871). Residence— Cettinje, Montenegro. 
99 (3) H.R.H. Adolf Frederick, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born June 17, 1882. 

100 (4) H.H. Duke Charles Borwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Carl Borwin 

Christian Alexander Arthur) : born Oct. 10, 1888. 

101 3H. BuB.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina 

Elizabeth of Cambridge) : born at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1833 ; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
beenmarried (1866) to H.H. the late Francis, Prince and Duke of Teck, G.C.B.,G.C.V.O. 
(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, born Aug. 27, 1837; created "Highness" by 
English warrant 1887 ; died Jan. 21, 1900). Issue: 

102 1. H.R.H. Victoria Mary, Princess of Wales (nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary 

Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"), 
V.A., C.I., and a Lady of Justice St. John of Jerusalem: born May 26, 1867; 
married (July 6, 1893) to H.E.H. George, now Prince of Wales &c, K.G. (born 
June 3, 1865— see 2). 

103 2. H.S.H. Adolphus, Duke of Teck (Adolphus Charles Alexander Ladislaus), 

G.C.V.O., a' Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Maj. 1st Life Guards, 
served in South African War 1899-1900, now a Mil. Attache : born Aug. 13, 1868 ; 
married (1894) Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (now H.S.H. the Duchess of 
Teck, daughter of 1st Duke of Westminster, K.G., and born April 9, 1873). 
Residences— Remy HI. Tower, Windsor Castle ; 4 Devonshire Place, Portland 
Place, W. Issue : 

104 (1) Prince George Francis Hugh of Teck : born Oct. 11, 1S95. 

105 (2) Princess Victoria Constance Mary of Teck : born June 12, 1897. 

106 (3) Princess Helena Frances Auguste of Teck : born Oct. 23, 1899. 

107 3. H.S.H. Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

late Major 1st Dragoons, a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, served in 
Soudan 1897-8 : born Jan. 9, 1870. 

108 4. H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick George of Teck, G.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Capt. Royal Horse Guards, was A.D.C. to 
Col. Mahon in S. Africa, where he served 1900-2: born April 14, 1874; married 
(1904) H.R.H. Princess Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 75). Residence— AldersltOt, 
Issue : 

108a (1) Princess May Helen Emma of Teck : born Jan. 23, 1906. 

B. On side op Duchess of Kent ; ist Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 

Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

109 I. The late Alfons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly : born 1810 ; died 1894, 

having married (1st, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein (died 1856), 
and (2ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg (died 1876). Issue: 

110 1. Victoria, Countess Oberndorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff-Pouilly): 

born (of 1st wife,) June 28, 1844; married (1865) to the late Charles, Count 
Oberndorff, long deceased (the Ct. A. Oberndorff now at the German Embassy is 
a cousin) . 

111-2 (1, 2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

113 2. Sophia, Countess Friedrieh Kinsky (Sophie Marie Emanuele Julie von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly) : born (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 
Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau (born 1834, died 1899). Issue: 

114 (1) Theresa, Countess Siegfried von Clary- Aldringen (Countess Therese 

Marie Kinsky) : born Dec. 10, 1867 ; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
Franz Johann Carl von Clary- Aldringen (born Oct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

115 (i) Countess Elisabeth .Alexandrina von Clary-Aldringen: born 

Dec. 14, 1885. 

116 (ii) Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen: born March 12, 1S87. 

117 (iii) Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldringen : born Sept. 2, 1891. 

118 (2) Wilhelmina, Countess Henckel (Countess Wilhelmine Marie Kinsky): 

born Aug. 12, 1869 ; married (1895) to Edwin, Count Henckel and Baron 
von Donnersmarck. 

119 (3) The Hereditary Princess of LowENSTEiN-Wertheim-Roehcfort (ne'e 

Countess Maria Josephine Wilhelmine Phiiippa Kinsky) : born Aug. 23, 
1874 ; married ^1898) to Aloyse Joseph Camill Maria, Hered. Prince, &c. 

120 (4) Count Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Joseph 

AlfoDS Johann Kinsky) : born May 11, 1879. 

121 3. Alphonse, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons Wladimir Franz Emanuel 

Rochus) : born (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1854. 

122 II. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 

Dietrichstein-Nicolsburg, K.C.B. : born 1813; died 1871, having married (1857) the toe 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. (eldest daughter of Josepn, Prince 
of the same and Count of Proskau-Leslie ; born Feb. 29, 1824 ; died 1906. Issue: 

123 1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 

(Hugo Alfons Wenceslaus) : born Dec. 19, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 



Cousins of His Majesty. 85 



(1892) Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgorouki (daughter of Prince Alexander 
Dolgorouki, and born Nov. 27, 1873). Issue: 

124 (1) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb.: born March 24, 1894. 

125 . (2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : lorn Dec. 4, 1897. 

126 (3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : lorn July 15, 1899. 

127 (4) Countess Marie Epiphania Clothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : I. Jan. 6, 1901. 

128 2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrich- 

stein, G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Austro- Hungarian Ambassador in London: lorn 
Sept. 5, 1861. Residence — 18 Belgrave Square, S.W. 

129 3. Countess Apponyi {nee Countess Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly-Bietrichstein) : lorn Dec. 23, 1867; married (1897) to Albert, Count 
Apponyi. 

130 III. Count Arthur August von Mensdorff-Pouilly, G-.C.V.O. (Hon.) : lorn Aug. 19, 1817. 
Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinetta, Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

131 I. H.E.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of Wurtemberg : lorn 1804 : died 

1881, having married (1837) H.R.H. the late Princess Marie Christine d'Orleans (second 
daughter of King Louis Philippe, and lorn 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

132 1. H.R.H. Duke Piiilipp Alexander Maria Emst of "Wurtemberg: lorn July 30, 

1838 ; married (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria 
(daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen, and 
lorn July 15, 1845). Issue: 

133 (1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 

"Wurtemberg: lorn Dec. 23, 1805; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. the late 
Archduchess Map.gap.eta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
daughter of the Archduke Charles Louis, and lorn May 13, 1870; died 
Aug. 24, 1902). Issue: 

134 (i) H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 

"Wurtemberg : lorn Nov. 14, 1893. 

135 (ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugen Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 

"Wurtemberg: born Jan. 8, 1895. 

136 (iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of Wur- 

temberg : lorn March 12, 1896. 

137 , (iv) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of "Wurtem- 

berg : lorn Aug. 15, 1897. 

138 (v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 

"Wurtemberg : lorn Aug. 16, 1898. 

139 (vi) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Benoite of WUr- 

temberg: born Jan. 4, 1902. 

140 (2) H.R.H. the late Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria 

Isabelle of Wurtemberg) : lorn Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, 
harm's married (1894) to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony — see 
161. 

141 (3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of Wurtemberg: 

lorn Jan. 14, 1873 ; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immacu- 
lata Raineria of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Saivator, and lorn Sept. 3, 1878). 

142 (4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anton of Wurtem- 

berg : born June 13, 1877. 

Through Duke Ferdinand George of Saxe-Coburg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

143 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha* 

Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 till the Queen's decease) : born 1816 ; died 
1885, having married (1836, as her second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria H. 
da Gloria of Portugal (born 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless in 1861). Issue : 

144 1. H.M. the late Dom Luiz, King of Portugal : bom 1838 ; succeeded his brother Dom 

Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having married (1862) H.R.Jti. Maria Pia, Princess of 
Savoy, now H.M. the Dowager Queen of Portugal (daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. of Italy, and born Oct. 16, 1847 > residence — Lisbon). Issue: 

145 (1) H.M. Dom Carlos I., present King of Portugal and Algarve, K.G. 

(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria Victor Miguel Raphael Gabriel Gonzaga 
Xavier Francisco de Assis Jose Simao), Hon. Admiral of the Fleet in 
British Navy : lorn Sept. 28, 1863 ; succeeded his father 1889; married (1886) 
H.R.H. (now H.M.) Princess Marie Akelie Louise Heiene d' Orleans 
(eldest daughter of the Comte de Paris, and born at Twickenham Sept. 28, 
1865). Issue: 

146 (i) H.R.H. Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, Prince Royal of 

Portugal, K.G. (Luiz Felippe Maria Carlos Amelio Fernando 
Victor) : born March 21, 1887. 

147 (ii) H.R.H. Prince Manuel, Duke of Beja (Manuel Maria Felippe 

Francisco de Assis Eugenio) : born Nov. 15, 1889. 

148 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alphonso, Duke of Oporto and of Saxony (Alfonso 

Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : born July 31, 1865. 



86 The Royal Family {Relatives). 

149 2. H.R.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : born 1843 ; died 1884, having married (1859) H.R.H. Prince Friedrieh 
August Georg, afterwards II. M. the late King of Saxony {born Aug. 8, 1832 ; 
died Oct. 15, 1904). Issue: 

15° (1) H.R.H. Princess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : born March 19, 1863. 

151 (2) H.M. Frederick Augustus III., King of Saxony (Friedrieh August 

Johann Philipp) : born May 25, 1865; succeeded Yas father 1904; married 
(1891) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria- 
Tuscan y (eldest daughter of Ferdinand TV., Grand Duke of Tuscany), 
from whom he was divorced 1903, and who has formally renounced all 
claim to her late rank. Issue : 

152 (i) H.R.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony (Friedrieh August 

Georg Paul Marcellus) : born Jan. 15, 1893. 

153 (ii) H.R.H. Prince Frederick Christian of Saxony (Friedrieh 

Christian Albert Maearius) : born Dec. 31, 1893. 

154 (iii) H.R.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony' (Ernst Heinrich 

Ferdinand Meichiades) : born Dec. 9, 1896. 

155 (iv) H.R.H. Princess Margarets Caroia Wilhelmine of Saxony : born 

Jan. 24, 1900. 

156 (v) H.R.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : lorn Sept. 27, 

1901. 

157 (vi) H.R.H. Princess Anne Monica Pia of Saxony : born May 4, 1903. 
15& (3) H.I.H. the Archduchess Otho Francis Joseph of Austria (ne'e H.R.H. 

Princess Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth of Saxony) : born 
May 31, 1867; married (1886) to H.i. & R.H. Archduke Otto Franz 
Joseph Carl Ludwig Maria of Austria (bom April 21, 1865). Issue: 

159 (i) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maria of Austria : 

bom Aug. 17, 1887. 

160 (ii) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrieh 

of Austria. : born April 13, 1895. 

161 (4) H.R.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Anacletus) : 

bom July 10, 1S69 ; married, 1st, 1S94, the late H.R.H. Duchess Isabelle 
of Wurtembeeg {died 1904— see 140) ; andly, 190G, H.R.H. Princess Maria 
Immaculata, daughter of H.R.H. Prince Alfonso of Bourbon-Sicilies, and 
born Oct. 30, 1874. 

162 (5) H.R.H. Prince Maximilian Y/iihelm August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 

Saxony: bo?-n'Nov. 17, 1870. 

163 3. H.R.H. Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, Infanta of Portugal (Dona 
Antonia Maria Fernanda), Duchess of Saxony : born Feb. 17, 1845 ; married (1861) 
to H.R.H. the late Leopold Stephan Carl Thassilo, Prince of Hohenzollern 
(born Sept. 22^1835 ; died June 8, 1905). Issue: 

164 (1) H.S.H. William, Prince of Hohenzollern ("Wilhelm August Carl Bene- 
dict) : born March 7, 1864 ; succeeded 1905 ; married (1889) H.R.H. Princess 
Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicily (daughter of the late 
Luigi, Conte di Trani, and born Jan. 15, 1867) . Issue : 

165 (i) H.S.H. Princess Augusts Victoria Wilhelmine Ludoviea of 

Hohenzollern : born Aug. 19, 1890. 

166 (ii) H.S.H. Prince Friedeich Victor Pius Ferdinand of Hohenzol- 
lern : born Aug. 30, 1891. 

167 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig Thassilo of Hohenzollern : 

twin with preceding. 

168 , (2) H.R.H. Ferdinand, Prince and Heir Presumptive of Roumania, G.C.B. 
(Prince Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad of Hohenzollern) : born 
Aug. 24, 1865 ; created " Bo3 r al Highness " by King Charles I. in 1889 (his 
elder brother having declined the cEer of succession) : married (1893) 
H.R.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I. 
(eldest daughter of H.R.H. the late Reigning Duke Alfred, and born 
Oct. 29, 1S75— see 61). Issue: 

169 (i) Prince Carol of Roumania : born Oct. 15, 1893. 

170 (ii) Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Roumania : born 

Oct. n, 1894. 

171 (iii) Princess Marie of Roumania : born Jan. 8, 1900. 
173 (iv) Prince Nicholas of Roumania : bom Aug. 17, 1903. 

173 (3) H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrieh "Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollern : 

bom Sept. 1, 1868; married (1S94) his cousin H.R.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Aibertine of Belgium (daughter of H.R.H. Philippe, 
Comte de Flandre, and born Oct. 18, 1872— see 241). Issue : 

174 (i) Princess Stephanie Joseuhine Caroia of Hohenzollern : born 

April 8, 1895. 

175 (ii) Princess Mari e Antoinette Wilhelmine Victoria Augusta of Hohen- 

zollern : born Oct. 23, 1806. 

176 (iii) Prince Albert Ludwig Leopold Tassillon of Hohenzollern: born 

Sept. 28, 1898. 

177 II. H.H. the late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotiia (August Ludwig Victor, 



Cousins of His Majesty, 87 



Duke of Saxony : born 1818 ; died 1881, having married (1843) H.E.H. Marie Clementine 
Clothilde d' Orleans (daughter of King Louis Philippe, and born June 3, 1817). 
Issue: 

178 1. H.H.Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ferdinand Philipp Maria August"), 

Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. : born March 28, 1844; married (1875) his second cousin 
H.E.H. Priucess Louise of Belgium {born Fob. 18, 1858— see 234). Issue: 

179 (*) H.H. Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Maria of Saxe-Coburg 

&c. : born July 19, 1878. 

180 (2) H. H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstein-Augustenburg {nee H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, &c.) : 
bom April 30, 1881 ; married (1898) to H. H. Ernst GSnther, Duke of 
K Holstein-Aug. {bom 1853— see 281). 

181 2. H.H. Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August Maria Eudes) : born 
Aug. 9, 1845 ; married (1864) H.I.H. the late Princess Leopoldina of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and born 1847, aied 1871). Issue: 

182 - (1) Prince Peter August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born March 

19, 1866. 

183 (2) Piince August Leopold Philipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 
Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I. & E.H. Archdss. Caroline Maria 
Immaculata of Austria-Tuscan y (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Sal vator, and born Sept. 5, 1869). Issue: 

184 (i) Prince August Clement Carl Gkmzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c: 

born Oct. 27, 1895. 

185 (ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born March 23, 1897. 

1S6 (iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born Jan. 10, 1899. 

187 (iv) Prince Eainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Coburg : born May 4, 1900. 

188 (v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph Ignaz of Saxe-Coburg : bom 

Aug. 18, 1901. 

189 (vi) Princess Theresia Christiana Maria Eaphaele Gonzaga of Saxe- 

Coburg: born Aug. 23, 1902. 

190 (vii) Princess Leopoldine Blanca Eaphaele Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born May 13, 1905. 

191 * (3) Prince Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Coburg &c: born 

Sept. 15, 1870; married (1900) H.E.H. the late Princess Mathilda of 
Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. Prince Ludwig, and born 1877 ; died 1906). 

192 (i) Prince Anton Marie Ludwig Clemens of Saxe-Coburg : "born 

June 17, 1901. 

ig3 (ii) Princess Marie Immaculata Leopoldina Nicoletta of Saxe- 

Coburg : born Sept. 10, 1904. 
104 3. H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Marie Adelheid Amalie 

Clothilde of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born July 8, 1846 ; married (1864) to H.I. & E.H. 

the late Archduke Joseph Carl of Austria {born March 2, 1833 \ died June 13, 

1905) . Issue : 

195 (1 H.I. & E.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea 

Amalia of Austria) : born June 14, 1887 ; married (1896) to Prince Louis 
Philippe Eobert, Due d' Orleans, chief of the French branch of the 
House of Bourbon (son of the late Comte de Paris, and born at Twicken- 
ham, Feb. 6, 1869). Besidence — York House, Twickenham. 

196 (2 H.I., E.*, & S.H. Margarete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess 

Marg arete Clementine Maria of Austria) : born July 6, 1870; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, Eeigning 
Piince of Thurn and Taxis {born May 8, 1867). Issue: 

(i) Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis (Franz 
Joseph Maximilian Maria) : born Dec. 21, 1893. 

(ii) Prince Carl August Joseph Maria of Thurn and Taxis : born 
July 23, 1898. 

(iii) Prince Ludwig Philipp Maria Friedrich of Thurn and Taxis 
born Feb. 2, 1901. 

(iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maria Siegfried of Thurn and Taxis : born 
March 1, 1902. 

(v) Princess Elisabeth Helena Maria Antonia of Thurn and Taxis : 
born Dec. 15, 1903. 

(3) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Joseph August Victor Clemens Maria of Austria : 
bom Aug. 9, 1872 ; married (1893) H.E.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luiss 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. Prince Leopold of Bavaria : born April 23. 
1875) . Issue : 

(i) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : born March 28, 1895. 
(iij Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria: born 
March 11, 1899. 

(iii) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria: born Jan. 3, 1901. 

(4) H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Clothilde Maria Victoria 
of Austria : born March 9, 1883. 

4. H.E.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Princess Amalie of 



88 



The Royal Family [Relatives). 



Saxe-Coburg &c.) : lorn 1848 ; died 1894, having 1 married (1875) H.R.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (born 1849; ^93) • Issue: 

208 (1) H.R.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : born July 10, 1876. 

209 (2) H.R.H. Duke Ciiristoph Joseph of Bavaria : born April 22, 1879. 

210 (3) H.R.H. Duke Luitpold Emanuel Ludwig of Bavaria : born June 30, 1890. 

211 5. H.R.H. Eerdinand, Prince of Bulgaria (Ferdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 

Marie of Saxe-Coburg &c), Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Eeb. 26, 
1861 : elected (1887) as Ferdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria; married (1893) the late 
H.R.H. Princess Maria Louisa of Parma (Maria Luigia Pia Teresa, daughter of 
Robert, Duke of Parma, born 1870, died 1899). Issue: 

212 (1) H.R.H. Boris, Hereditary Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Tirnova (Boris 

Clement Robert Maria Pius), Duke of Saxony : lorn Jan. 30, 1894, n.s. 

213 (2) Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry Francis) : 

lorn Nov. 17, 1895. 

214 (3) Princess Eudoxia Augusta Philippine of Bulgaria: lorn Jan. 17, 1898. 

215 _ (4) Princess Nadejda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : lorn Jan. 30, 1899. 

216 HL H.R.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours (nee H.H. Princess Victoria Auguste 
Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : lorn 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.R.H. 
the late Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d' Orleans, Due de Nemours (lorn 
1814, died 1896). Issue: 

217 1. H.R.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand 
Gaston) : lorn April 28, 1842 ; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostinha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor Dom 
Pedro II., Infant of Portugal : born July 29, 1846). Issue: 

218 (1) H.R.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d' Orleans : lorn Oct. 
15, 1875. 

219 (2) H.R.H. Prince Louis Marie Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn Jan. 26, 1878. 

220 (3) H.R.H. Prince Antoine Gaston d'ORLEANS : lorn Aug. g, 1881. 

221 2. H.R.H. Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'ORLEANS, Due d'ALENCON et de 
Nemours: lorn Juiyi2, 1844; married (1868) H.R.H. the late Duchesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
and born 1847, died in the fire at the Bazar de la Charite\ Paris, May 4, 1897) . Issue : 

i (1) H.R.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.R.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d' Orleans) : born July 9, 1869 ; married (1891) to H.R.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria (born Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 

223 (i) Prince Joseph Clement Maria Philipp Neri of Bavaria : bom 

May 25, 1902. 

224 (2) H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de Vend6me (Philippe 
Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : born Jan. 18, 1872 ; married (1896) his second 
cousin H.R.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders (born Nov. 30, 1870 — see 
240). Issue: 

225 (i) Princess Marie Louise Ferdinande Charlotte Henriette of 

Orleans: bom Dec. 31, 1896. 

226 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine Louise Henriette of Orleans : lorn 

Oct. 19, 1898. 

227 (iii) Princess Genevieve Marie Jeanne Francoise of Orleans: lorn 

Sept. 21, 1901. 

2^a (iv) Prince Charles Philippe of Orleans, Due de Nemours : born 

_ April 4, 1905. 

228 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Czartoryski (H.R.H. Princess Marguerite Adelaide 
Marie d' Orleans) : born 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartoryski (born 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 

229 (1) Adam Louis, Prince Czartoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zukow: born 
Nov. 5, 1872; married (1901) Marie Louise, Comtesse Eiasne-Krasinska 
{born March 24, 1883). 

230 (i) Princess Isabelle Marguerite Czartoryski : born Aug. 17, 1902. 

231 (2) Prince Witold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : born March 10. "1876. 
233 4. H.R.H. Princess Blanche Marie A melie Caroline d'ORLEANS : born Oct. 28, 1857. 

Through II. 31. Leopold I., King of the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

233 I. H.M. Leopold II. (Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor), present King of the Belgians, 
Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born at Brussels, April 9, 
1835 ; succeeded his father 1865; married (1853) H.I. & R.H. the late Archduchess Maria 
Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (younger daughter of the late Archduke Joseph, 
Count Palatine of Hungary, and lorn Aug. 23, 1836; died Sept. 19, 1902). Issue: 

234 1. H.R.H. Princess Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. (H.R.H. Princess Louise Marie 
Amelie of Belgium) : bom Feb. 18, 1858 ; married (1S75) to her second cousin 
H.H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg &c. (lorn March 28, 1844— see 178). 

235 2. H.I. & R.H. Princess Stephanie, Countess Lonyay, late Dowager Princess 
Imperial of Austria (nee H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Ciothilde of Belgium): 
lorn May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria (lorn 1858; died 1S89) ; 2ndly (igcc), to 
Elemer, Count Lonyay. Residence — Adscar, near Goodwood. Issue (1st 
marriage) : 



Cousins of His Majesty. 89 

236 (1) H.I. &R.H. Princess Otto zu Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

Marie Henriette Stephanie Gisela of Austria) : born Sept. 2, 1883 ; 
married 1902, to H.S.H. Prince Otto Veriand Hugo Ernst zu W.-GrAtz. 
{born Oct. 7, 1873). 

237 (i) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Octavien zu W.-GrAtz : lorn 

March 22, 1904. 

237« (ii) H.S.H. Prince Ernest Veriand' zu "W.-GrAtz : lorn April 21, 1905. 

238 3. H.R.H. Princess Clementine Alberte Leopoldine of Belgium : born July 30, 1872. 

239 IE. H.R.H. the late Prince Philip, Count of Flanders (Philippe Eugene Baudouin Leopold 

George) : born March 24, 1837 ; di(, d Nov. 17, 1905, having married (1867) Princess 
Maria Louise Alexandrine Caroline of Hohenzollern (daughter of H.R.H. the 
late Carl Anton. Prince of Hohenzollern, and born Nov. 17, 1845). Issue : 

240 1. H.R.H. Henriette, Duchesse de Vend6me, Princess Emmanuel of Orleans 

(H.R.H. Princess Henriette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : born 
Nov. 30, 1870 {twin with the late Princess Josephine Marie Stephanie Victoire, 
■who died 1871— see 243 for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to 
H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel d'ORLEANS, Due de VendCme {I. Jan. i3, 1872—866224). 

241 2. H.R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hoiienzollern (H.R.H. Princess Josephine 

Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : born Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 
H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton of Hohenzollern {bom Sept. 1, 1868— see 173). 

242 3. H.R.H. Prince Albert, Count of Flanders (Albert Leopold Clement Marie 

Meinrad), Crown Prince of Belgium : born April 8, 1875 ; married (1900) 
H.R.H. Duchess Elisabeth Valerie Gabriele Marie of Bavaria (daughter of 
Duke Carl Theodor, and born July 25, 1876). 

243 (1) H.R.H. Prince Leopold Philippe Charles of Belgium : lorn Nov. 3, 1901. 

244 (2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium : born Oct. 10, 1903. 
2440s (3) H.R.H. Princess of Belgium : born Aug. 4, 1906. 

245 III. H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian. ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Princess Marie 

Charlotte Amelie Leopoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840 ; married (1857) H.I.M. 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {born 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867). 

C 1st Cousins with Descendants (side of Duchess of Kent continued). 
Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen, half-brother of Queen Victoria. 

246 I. H.S.H. the late Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Emich), 

G.C.B., G.C.V.O., an Admiral in the British Navy (served in Burma and in Black 
and Baltic Seas) : lorn Nov. 9, 1830; died April 5, 1904, having married (1858) H.G.D.H. 
the late Princess Marie Amaiie of Baden, V.A. ; {lorn 1834 ; died 1899). Issue: 

247 1. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl), 

G.C.V.O. : born Jan. 18, 1866 ; succeeded his father 1904; married (1894) his second 
cousin, Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of Hoiienlohe-Langenburg (second 
daughter of H.S.H. Hermann, Prince of the same, and lorn July 23, 1866— see 
266). Issue: 

248 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Marie Leopoldine Elise Sophie of Leiningen: 

born May 12, 1895. 

249 (2) H.S.H. Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heinrich Maximilian, Hered. Prince 

of Leiningen : lorn Dec. 29, 1896. 

250 (3) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Carl Eduard Erwin of Leiningen: lorn Feb. 

13, 1898. 

251 (4) H.S.H. Prince Hermann Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : lorn Jan. 4, 1901. 

252 (5) H.S.H. Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : lorn July 29, 1903. 

253 II. H.S.H. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Johann of Leiningen, K.C.V.O. : born 

Jan. 5, 1833. 

Through Princess Anne Feodora of Hohenlohe, half-sister of Queen Victoria. 

254 I. Prince Charles of Eoiienlohe-Langenburg (Carl Ludwig Wilhelm Leopold) : lorn 

Oct. 25, 1829; married morganatically (1861) to Baroness von Bronn, and resigned the 
succession to the Principality to his next brother (children named Bronn). 

255 II. H.S.H. Hermann Emst Franz Bemhard, Reigning Prince of Eoiienlohe-Langenburg, 

G. C.B., Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lorraine, a General in the Prussian Army : born 
Aug. 31, 1832: succeeded his father i860; married (1862) H.G.D.H. the late Princess 
Leopoldina Wilhelmine Maximiliane, Margravine of Baden (younger daughter of 

H. G.D.H. the late Prince "William, and born Feb. 22, 1837 ; died Dec. 23, 1903). Issue: 

256 1. Ernst Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Hohenloiie- 

Langenburg, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Sept. 13, 1863 ', married (1896) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg, C.I. {born Sept. 1, 1878— see 63). 

257 (1) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred of Hohenlohe : born March 24, 1897. 

258 (2) Princess Maria Melita Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born Jan. 18, 1899. 

259 (3) Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : lorn April 2, 

1901. 

26q (4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : born July 4, 1902. 

261 2, H.S.H. Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (Princess Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H, 
Heinrich XXVIL, "Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue: 



9° The Royal Family {Relatives). 



262 (1) H.S.H. Princess "Victoria Feodora of Eeuss : born April 21, 1889. 

263 (2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida Helens Wilhelmine of Eeuss: born 

July 17, 1890. 

264 (3) H.S.H. Prince Heineich XLIII. of Eeuss : born July 25, 1893. 

265 (4) H.S.H. Prince Heineich XLV. of Eeuss : born May 13, 1895. 

266 3. H.S.H. Feodora, Princess of Leiningen (Princess Feodoea Victoria Alberta of 

Hohenlohe-Langenbueg) : born July 23, 1866; married (1894) to H.S.H. Emich 
Eduard Carl, Beigning Prince, &c. (see 247). 



267 III. H.S.H. the late Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenbueg, Vice- Admiral, B.N. : 

born 1833; died 1891, .having married (1861) Lady Lauea Williamina Seymour (sister of 
5fch Marq. of Hertford and born Jan. 27, 1833 ; now H.S.H. Princess Victoe of 
Hohenlohe; raised to rank of daughter of a Marquess 1871). Besidences— St. Bruno, 
Sunningdale, Ascot ; Engine Court, St. James's Palace, S.W. Issue: 

268 1. Countess Feodoea Ceorgina Maud Gleichen : born Dec. 20, 1861. 

269 2. Albert Edward Wilfred, Count Gleichen, C.V.O., C.B. (Mil.), C.M.G., D.S.O., 

Col., late of Grenadier Guards, now Mil. Attache at Washington (served 
in Soudan 1884-5, Dongola 1896, and in S. Africa 1899-1901) ; Extra Equerry to 
H.M. and a Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem: born Jan. 15, 1863. 
Hesidence — Engine Court, St. James's Palace. (The title "Count Gleichen" is 
of Saxe-Coburg.) 

270 3. Countess Victoeia Alice Leopoldine Ada Laura Gleichen : born Nov. 28, 1868 ; 

married (1905) to Capt. Percy Wilfred Machell. (Adopts the name "Valda" 
from V.A.L. [A]da; now " Lady Valda Machell.") 

271 4. Countess Helena Emily Gleichen : born Feb. 1, 1873. 

272 IV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-AuGUSTENBURG 

(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenbueg) : born July 20, 
1835; died 1900, having been married (185G) to H.H. the late Feiedeich Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.-Aug. (born 1829 ; died 1880) . Issue : 

273 1. H.I.M. Augusta Victoeia, the German Empress, V.A. (nee H.S.H. Princess 

Augusts Victoeia Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augusten- 
bueg) : born Oct. 22, 1858 ; married (Feb. 27, 1881) to H.E.H. Prince Frederick 
William, now H.I.M. William II., German Emperor (bom Jan. 27, 1859— see 17). 

274 2. H.S.H. Caroline Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUcits- 

burg (Princess Victoria Friederike Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Augusten- 
buec) : born Jan. 25, i860 ; married (1885) to H.H. Prince Friedrich Ferdinand 
Georg, Duke of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUCKSBURG (born Oct. 12, 
1855). Issue: 

275 (1) H.E.H. the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (H.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelheid Helene Friederike of Holstein-Glucksburg) : born Dec. 31, 
1885 ; married (1905) as under No. 77. 

276 (2) H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Auguste Wilhelmine of Holstein- 

Glucksburg: born April 21, 1887. 

277 (3) H.H. Princess Helena Adelheid Victoria Marie of Holstein-Glucksburg : 

born June 1, 1888. 

278 (4) H.H. Princess Adelheid Luise of Holstein-Glucksburg : born Oct. 19, 

1889. 

279 (5) H.H. Prince Wilhelm Feiedeich Christian Giinther of Holstein-Glucks- 

bueg: born Aug. 23, 1891. 

280 (6) H.H. Princess Victoria Lene Caeolime Mathilde of Holstein-Glucks- 

bueg : born May 11, 1894. 

281 3. H.S.H. Eenst Gunther, Duke of Schlesw.-HoLSTEiN-Sond.-AuGUSTENBUEG : born 

Aug. 11, 1863 ; married (1898) H.H. Princess Doeothea of Saxe-Cobueg (see 180). 

282 4. H.E.H. Princess Feedeeick Leopold of Peussia (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Luise Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustenbueg) : born April 8, 1866; 
married (1889) to H.E.H. Prince Joachim Feiedeich Leopold of Peussia, 
G.C.V.O. (born Nov. 14, 1865). Issue: 

283 (1) H.E.H. Princess Victoria Margaeete Elisabeth Ulrike of Prussia : bom 

April 17, 1890. 

284 (2) H.E.H. Prince Joachim Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia : born Dec. 17,1891. 

285 (3) H.E.H. Prince Tassilo Friedrich Caul of Prussia : born April 6, 1893. 

286 (4) H.E.H. Prince Franz Joseph Friedrich Leopold of Prussia: born 

Aug. 27, 1895. 

287 5. H.S.H. Princess Feodoea Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holstein-Augustenburg : 

bom July 3, 1874. 

288 V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Feodore Victoria 

Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : born 1839; dieti 1 272, having married (1858), 
as his second consort, H.H. George II., present Eeigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and 
Hildburghausen (born April 2, 1826). [He afterwards married morganatically Helena 
Frances, Baroness von Heldburg. ] Issue (by Duchess Feodora — No. 25 gives one of 
the issue by first consort) : 

289 1. H.H. Prince Ernst Bernhard Victor Georg of Saxe-Meiningen: born Sept. 27, 

1859 ; married morganatically (1892) Catharina, Baroness von Saalfeld (born 
1874). (Children entitled "Barons and Baroness von Saalfeld.") i 

290 2. H.H. Prince Friedrich Johann Bernhard Moritz of Saxe-Meiningen : born 



Index to the Royal Family. 



9 1 



291 

292 



Oct. 12, 1861 ; married (1889) H.S.H. Princess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
Lippe-Biesterfeld (eldest daughter of the late Most Illustrious Count Ernst, 
and lorn June 22, 1870). [In 1905 the reigning title was advanced to " Prince."] 
Issue : 

(1) Princess Carola Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen: lorn May 29, 



(2) Princess Adelheid Erna Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn 
Aug. 16, 1891. 

(3) Prince Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn Oct. u, 1892. 

(4) Prince Ernst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn Sept. 23, 1895. 

(5) Princess Luise Marie Catherina of Saxe-Meiningen: lorn March 13, 
1899. 

(6) Prince Bernhard Eriedrich Julius Heinrich of Saxe-Meiningen: lorn 
June 20, 1901. 

Note. — The net total is 278 living blood-relations (the apparent 296 has to be first increased by 9 
for those numbers to which a is appended, and then diminished by 27 fori deceased relatives). The 
278 comprise 11 married couples who are related to His Majesty on both sides. 



293 
294 
295 

296 



INDEX TO THE ROYAL FAMILY. 

*#* There is an unavoidable imperfection in the following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally used. When, however, a name is found cited under some variation- 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed " Prince Berengar "—a reference to " Prussia" would conduct the 
s jarcher to the only possible houses under which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert of Prussia" 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia." German names are usually anglicised in the index, whilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Cyril, Pr. of Preslav (Bulgaria), 213 
Czartoryski, Pr. 229 
Danilo, Cr. Pr. of Montenegro, 98 
Denmark, Pr. Charles of, 13 

,, see also 84 and Directory 
Dietrichstein-Nicolsburg, Prs. and Cts. 
of, 122-7 
„ „ Dow. Prss. of, 122 
Dolgorouki—see 123 
Donnersmarck— see Henckel 
Dorothea, Dss. of Holst.-Aug., 180 
Edinburgh, D. of (the late), 59 
Edward, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 

„ Albert, Pr. ( Wales), 3 
[Egloffstein, Bnss. von und zu, a Bed- 
chamber Woman to H.K.H. Prss. 
Christian.] 
Eirene, Prss. (Sparta), 36 
Eitel-Frederick, Pr. (Prussia), 19 
Eleonore, G. Dss. of Hesse, 52 
Elise, Her. Prss. of Reuss, 261 
Elizabeth, G. Dss. of Meck.-Strel, 95 
„ Prss. (Roumania), 170 
„ Alcxandrina, Ctss. (Clary-Aldr.), 
"5 

„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Russ.), 50 
„ Helena.Prss. (Thurnds Taxis), 201 
„ Henrietta, Archdss. ( Aust.), 206 



Adalbert, Pr. (Prussia), 20 
Adelaide, Prss. (Holst.-Gliicks.), 278 

„ „ (Saxe-M.) 290 & 292 
Adolphus, Pr. (Schaumb.-L.), 30 

„ Fredk., Her. G. D. of Meck.-Strel. 99 
Albany, D. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 7s. 
Albert, Ct. (Mcnsdorff-P.-Diet.), 128 

„ D.' ( Wiirtemberg), 133 

„ Pr. \Planders), 242 

,, „ (Hohenzollern), 176 

„ „ (Schles.-Holst.), 67 

„ Eugene, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 13s 

„ Fredk., Pr. ( Wales), 4 
Alencon, Ferdinand, Due d', 221 
Alexander, Pr. (Battenberg), 79 

„ „ (Sparta), 33 
„ (Teck), 108 

,, Edward, Pr. (Denmark), 14 
Alexandra, Prss. ( Hohenlohe-L. ) ,63 & 259 

,, ,, (U.K.) 10 

„ Fedorovna, Empss. Russ. 53 

„ Victoria, Prss. (Holst.-Gl.), 276 
Alexandrine, Ctss. (Dietrichstein), 124 
Alexis, Gd. Dk. (Russia), 58 
Alice, Prss. ( Teck), 76 

,, „ (the late), 44 
Alix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
Alphonse, Ct. v. Mensdorff-P. 121 

,, Pr. (Bavaria), 222 
Alphonso, D. of Oporto, 148 
Anastasia, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 57 
Andrew, Prss. (Greece), 46 
Anhalt, see 72 & 05 
Anne Monica, Prss. (Saxony), 157 
Antoine, Pr. (Orleans), 220 
Antonia, Prss. of Bohenz., Infanta of 

Portugal, 163 
Antony, Pr. (Saxe-Cob. ), iga 
Apponyi, Ctss. 129 
Argyll, D. of, 70 
[Aribert, Pr. (Anhalt), see 69] 
Armagh, E. of, 87 
Arthur Aug., Ct. (Mensd.-P.), 130 

„ Patrick (Connaught), 73 
Augusta, Archdss. (Austria), 201 

„ Victoria, Prss. (Hohenz.), 165 
Augustus, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), i3i 

„ Charles, Pr. (do.), 184 

„ Leopold, Pr. (do.), 183 
Augustus William, Pr. (Prussia), 21 
Austria, Archd. Joseph of, 193; house, 
194-205 

„ „ Otho F. Jos. of, 158 ; house, 
159-60 

„ see also 132-3, 233, and Directory 
Austria-T ascany— see 151, 133 
Baden, Prss, Marie Alex, of, 86 



Baden— see also 85, 246, 255 

[Battenberg, H.S.H. Pr. Francis J oseph 
of, G.C.V.O. (Hon. 1897), K.C.B. 
(Hon. Civ. 1896), bro. of follg. Pr., b. 
1861, mar. 1897 Prss. Anna of Monte- 
negro. Res., Leipzig.*] 

Battenberg, Prss. Henry of, 78 ; house, 
79-82 

„ Louis, Pr. of, 45; house, 46-9 
Bavaria, Pr. Alphonse of, 222 
,, D. Max. Em. of, house, 208-10 
„ see also 190, 201, 242, and Directory 
Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), 78 

„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 64 
Beja (Portugal), D. of, 147 
Belgians, K. of, 233 ; house, 234-8 
Belgium— see 173, 178, and Flanders 
Bernhard, Pr. of Saxe-Mein., 25 & 296 
Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 232 
Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 212 
Bourbon-Sicily— sen 164 
Braganza (Port. ), Louis Phil., D. of, 146 
Brazils- see i8r, 217 
Bronn, Bnss. von, 254 
Brunswick— see 83, 94 
Bulgaria, Ferd. Pr. of, 211 ; issue, 212-5 
Cambridge, D. of (the late), 93 
Carlos I., K. of Portugal, 145 
Carol, Pr. (Roumania), 169 
Carola, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 291 
Caroline Maria Immac, Archdss. 
(Saxe-Cob.), 183 
„ Matilda, Dss. (Holst.-GlixcJ:s.),zZo 
Charles, Pr. (Belgium), 244 
„ ,, (Denmark), 13 
„ ,, (Hohenlohe-Lung.), 254 
„ Alexander, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 136 
„ Antony, Pr. (Hohenzollern), 173 
„ August, Pr. (Thum & T.), 198 
„ Borwin, D. (Meck.-Strel.), 100 
„ Edward, D. of Saxe-Cob., 77 

Fras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 159 
„ Philip, Pr. (Orleans), 227a 
„ Theodore, Pr. (Belg.), 244 
Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., 25 
Christian, Pr. (Schleswig-Holst.), 65 
Christopher, D. (Bavaria), 209 

„ Pr. (Hesse), 43 
Clarence, D. of (the late), 1 
Clary-Aldringen, Cts. &c, 114-7 
Clementine, Prss. (Belgium), 238 
„ ,, (Saxe-Cob.), 177 
„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 185 
Clothilde, Archdss. (Austria), 193 
Connaught, D. of, 71 ; house, 72-4 
Constantine, D. of Sparta, 31 
Ctimberland, D. of, 84 ; house, 85^90 



„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 23 
Emich Chas., Pr. of Leiningen, 247 

„ Ernest, Pr. (Leiningen), 249 
Emmanuel, D. de Venddme, 224 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria Eugenie 
Ernest, Her.Pr. of tlohenlohe-Lang., 256 
„ Augustus, Pr. ( Cumbd. ), 90 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 289 
„ Gunther, D. of Hoist.- Aug., 281 
„ Henry, Pr. (Saxony), 154 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 254 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
Eu, Comte d' (Orleans), 217 
Eucloxia, Prss. (Bulgaria), 214 
Feodora, Ctss. (Gleichen), 268 
„ Prss. of Leiningen, 266 
„ „ (Holst.-Aug.), 287 
„ „ (Reuss), 26 
Ferdinand, Pr. of Bulgaria, 211 
„ „ (Orleans), 221 
,, „ of Ro7imania, 168 
Fife, D. of, 9 ; daughters, 10, 11 
FitzGeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Flanders, Ct. of, 239 ; house, 240-4 

„ see also 224 
Francis, Pr. (Teck), 107 
„ Joseph, Ct. (Nepomuk-P.), 120 
„ „ Her.Pr.of Thurn&Tqzisaq? 
„ „ Pr. (Hohenzollern), 167 



A few Court names, not belonging to the Royal Family, are here interpolated in this form. 



9 2 



The Royal Family. 



Francis (Joseph Windisch-Grdtz), 237 
Frederica, Bnss. vonPawel-Ramm.,9z 
Frederick, Empress (the late), 16 
„ Pr. (Holstein-Glucksb.), 279 
„ „ (Saxe-Meiningen), zgo 
„ Augustus III., King of Saxony. 

„ Charles, Pr. (Hesse), 37 . 
„ „ „ (Leiningen), 250 
„ „ ,, (Prussia), 285 
„ Christian, Pr. (Saxony), 153 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Pruss.), 282 & 286 
„ Sigismund, do. (do.), 284 
„ Victor, Pr. (Hohenzoll.), 166 
„ AVilliam, Pr. (Hesse), 38 

Gaston, Cte. d'Eu [Orleans], 217 

Genevieve, Prss. (Orleans), 227 

George, Pr. ( Battenberg), 48 
„ „ (Saxe-Meiningen), 293 
„ „ (Saxony), 152 
„ „ (Sparta), 32 
„ „ (Teck), 104 
„ „ (Wales), 7 
„ II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 288 

German Emperor, 17 ; Empress, 273 ; 
house, 18-24 

Germany— see Prussia 

Gleichen, Ct. 269 ; house, 267-71 

Gottfried, Pr. (Hohenl.), 257 

Greece, Pr. lloyal of, 31 
„ see Directory 

Gustavus Adolphus, Prss. (Swed.), 72 

Haakon VII., King of Norway, 13 

Hanover, see Cumberland 

Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 
„ Prss. (Holst.-Glncksbg.), 277 
„ „ (Schles.-Holstein), 65 
»» » (Sparta), 34 
„ (Teck), 106 

Henckel, Ct. 118 

Henry, Pr. (Prussia), 27; Prss., 51 
„ (Wales), 6 
„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Reuss, 

261 ; XXX. (do.), 26 
„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. (do.), 264-5 
Hermann, Pr. (Leiningen), 251 
Hesse, G. D. of, 52 

„ Pr. Fredk. Chas. of, 37 ; sons 38-43 
Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Hohenlohe-Lang., Pr. of, 255; house, 
254-71 ; Prss. Victor of, 267 
Hohenzoll em, Pr. of, 163 ; house, 164-76 
Hoist. -Augustenburg, D.of,a8i; Dss. 180 
„ „ D. Fredk. of, house, 273-87 
„ „ Pr. Christian of, 65 ; house 
66-9 

Holst.-Glucksburg, I), of, 274; house 
275-80 : see Directory 

Hungary— see 233 

Immaculata, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 193 

Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 

Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 260 

Isabella, Ctsse. d'Eu (Orleans), 217 
„ Prss. (Czartoryski), 230 

Italy— see 144, 211 

Jametel, Ct., 96 

Joachim, Pr. (Pi-uss.), 23 

John, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 770 
„ Charles, Pr. ( Wales), 8 
„ George, Pr. (Saxony), 161 

Joseph, Archdss. (Austria), 194 
„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 202 
,, Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 223 
„ Francis, Archd. (Austria), 203 

Josephine, Prss. (Hohenzoll), 241 

Kins!, !/, house, 113-20 

Ladislas, Archd. (Austria), 205 

Leiningen, Pr. of, 246 ; house, 247 52 

Leopold, Pr. (Battenberg), 81 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 179 
„ IT., K. of Belgians, 233 
,, Philippe, Pr. (Belg.), 243 

Leopoldine, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 190 

Li 1 >p;i-BieytcrJ eld— see 290 

Lonyay, Ct., 235 

Louis, Pr. of Battenberg, 45; Pr. 
Louis, 49 
„ Pr. (Orleans), 219 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 191 

Philip, D. of Braganza, 146 
„ „ Pr. (Thurn & Taxis), 199 



Louisa, Prss. (Battenberg), 47 
„ Adelaide, Prss. (Reuss), 263 
„ Augusta, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.) 
69 

„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 295 
„ Sophia, Prss. (Prussia), 282 

Louise, Prss. (Dss. of Fife), 9 
„ „ (Dss. of Argyll),\7o 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 234 
„ Auguste, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.), 69 

Loivenstein, Her. Prss. of, 119 

Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 210 

Manuel, D. of Beja (Portugal), 147 

Margaret, Prss. (Greece), 46a 
„ ,, (Saxony), 155 

„ ,, of Thurn & Taxis, 195 
„ Mary, Dss. ( Wilrtemb.), 139 

Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Strelitz), 96 
,, Prss. (Hohenlohe), 258 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 186 
„ Amelia, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 137 
„ Doroth. Amel., Dss. (Orleans), 194 
„ Pia, Dow. Qn. of Portugal, i<4 
„ Theresa, Archdss. (Austria), 133 
„ „ Dss. ( Wiirtmb. ), 138 
,. „ Her. Prss. of Hohenz., 164 

Marie, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 56 
„ Prss. (Hohenzollem), 175 
„ ,, (Roumania), i63 & 171 
„ Alexandra, Prss. ( Baden), 86 
,, Alice, Prss. (Saxony), 156 
„ Alexandrovna, G. Dss. &c, 59 
„ Amalie, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg). 137 
„ Louise, Prss. (Orleans), 225 

Matilda, Prss. (Saxony), 150 

Maud, Queen of Norway, 13 
„ Prss. (U.K.), 11 

Maurice, Pr. (Battenberg}, 82 

Max Emmanuel, Pr. (Thurn &T.), 200 

Maximilian, Archdss. (Mexico), 245 
,, Prss. (Baden), 85 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ „ (Saxony), 162 
„ Eugene, Archd. (Anst), 160 

May, Prss. (Teck), ioS« 

Mrcklcnb.-Schivcrin, Gd. Dss. of, 88 

Mecklenb.-Slrelitz, Dow. Gd. Dss. of, 
94, Gd. D. 95 ; house, 96-100 

Mensdorff-Pouilly, house, 109-30 
„ „ Alphonse, Ct. von, 121 
„ „ Hugo, Ct. von, 123 
,, „ Bietrichstein, Ct. Albert. 

123 

Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 245 
Militza, Cr. Prss. of Montenegro, 98 
Nadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 215 
Naples— see Bourbon-Sicily 
Nemours, Due de, 227a 
Nepomuk-Paschalis,Ct. Fras. J. v., 120 
Netherlands— -see 75 
Nicholas II., Emp. of Russia, 53 

,, Pr. (Roumania), 171 
Norway, King of, 13 
Olwndortf, Ctss. no 
Olaf , Crn. Pr. of Norway, 14 
Oldenburg— see 19 
Olga, Ctss. (Bietr.-Nicolsb.), 125 

„ G. Dss. (Russia,), 54 

„ Prss. (Cumberland), 89 

„ „ v. Bietrichstein-N, 123 
Oporto, D. of, 148 
Orleans, D. of, 195 

„ Pr. Emmanuel of, 224 

„ „ Ferdinand of, 221 ; house, 
222-7 

„ „ Gaston of, 217 ; house, 218-20 

„ Prss. Blanche of, 232 

„ see also 145, 177 
Oscar, Pr. (Prussia), 22 
Otho Fras. Jos., Arnhd. (Anst.), 158 
Otto, Pr. ( Windisch-Griitz), 236 
Parma— see 211 
Paul, Pr. (Sparta), 35 
Paivel-Rammingen, Bn. von, 91 
Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 182 
Philip, D. ( W iirtemberg), 133 ; house, 
133-9 

„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 

„ ,, (Saxe-Coburg), 178 & 188 

„ Albert, D. ( Wurtemberg), 134 
Pierre, Pr. (Orleans), 218 j 



Portugal, Antonia, Infanta of, 163 

,, Dow. Qn. of, 144 

,, King of, 145 ; house, 144-8 

,, see also 219 
Preslav (Bidgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 
Proskau-Leslie—see 122 
Prussia, Fredc. III. of, house, 17-43 
Pr. Fredk. Leop. of , 2S2 

„ William II. of, 17 ; house, 18-24 

,, see also 71 
Rainer, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 187 
Reuss, Her. Pr. of, 263 ; house, 2S2-5 

„ Prss. Heinrich XXX. of, 26 
TFor Prince Luitpold see Directory.] 
Richard, Pr. (Hesse), 42 
Robert, D. ( Wiirten^-g), 141 
Roumania, Pr. of, 168; house, 169-72 
Russia, Emp. of, 53; house, 54-8 

„ G. Dss. Sergius of, 50 

„ see also 59 and Directc-ry 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 289 
Savoy, Prss. of, 144 
Saxe-Altenburg—see 83 
Saxe-Coburg, D. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 59 ; 
house, 60-4 

„ Pr. Augustus of, 181 ; house 182-91 
Saxe-Meiningen, Her. Pr. of, 25 

„ Prss. Feodora of, 26 

„ George II. of, 288 ; house, 289-96 
Saxony, King of, 151 ; house, 150-62 

„ Pr. John George of, 161 
Schaumburg-Lippe,Fr. Adolphus of, 30 
Schlesivig- Hoist., Pr, Christian of, 65; 
house, 66-9 

„ see Holstein and note to Xo. 65 
Sergius, G. Dss. (Russia), 50 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary-Aldringen), 114 

„ D. (Bavaria), 208 
Sigismund, Pr. (Prussia), 29 
Sophia, Archdss. (Austria), 204 

„ Ctss. (Kinsley), 113 

„ Dss. (Sparta), 31 

„ Prss. (Orleans), 226 
Spain, King of, 80 
Sparta, D. of, 31 ; house, 32-6 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 235 

„ Prss. (Hohenzollem), 174 
Sweden, Prss. Gustavus of, 72 
Tatiana, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 55 
Teck, D. of, 103 : house, 102-8 
Theresa, Ctss. (Clara- Aldringen), 114 

„ Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 189 
Thurn & Taxis, Pr. of, 196 ; house, 197- 

Thyra, Dss. of Cumberland, 84 
Tirnova (Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of, 212 
Tsarevitch, The, 58 
Tuscany— see 151, 183 
Ulrich, I). ( Wuriemberg), 142 
"Valda," Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
VendCme, Due de, 224 
Victor, Prss. (Hohenl.), 267 
Victoria Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
„ Prss. (Leiningen), 248 
„ (Reuss), 262 

„ „ (Schaumburg-L.), 30 
„ „ (Schleswig-Holst.), 68 

„ (U.K.), 12 
,, Queen of Spain, 80 
„ Adel., Prss. (Hohst.-Gliicks.), 275 
„ Alexandra, Prss. ( Wales), 5 
„ Constance, Prss. (Teck), 105 
„ Eugenic, Queen (Spain), 80 
„ Louisa, Prss. (Prussia), 24 
„ Margaret, do. (do.), 283 
„ Mary, Prss. of Wales, 103 
„ Meiita, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 62 
„ Patricia, Prss. (Connaught), 74 
Waldeck <C Pyrmont—see 75 
Waldemar, Pr. (Prussia), 28 
Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, 118 
Wales, Pr. of, 2; house, 3-8 
William, Her. Pr. of Hohenzoll., 164 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, 18 
,, II., German Emperor, 17 
Windisch-Grdtz, house, z^-ja 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 231 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
VvYi-.-Ut, D. of— see Thurn & Taxis 
V,' irrtemberg, D. Philip of, 132 ; hous, 
133-9 



Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 93 



CONSPECTUS OF THE ROYAL FAMILY. 

H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic : 

H.I.M. William II. , German Emperor surviving children and grandchild 

H.R.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen 

H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia 

H.R.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe 

H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse 

H.M. Edward VII. : 

H.R.H. George, Prince of Wales 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

H.R.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark 

H.R.H. the late Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse : 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Henry above) 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse 

H.I.M. Alexandra, Empress of Russia , 

H.R.H. the late Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : 

H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania 

H.R.H. Victoria Melita, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein : 

H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 
H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. Princess Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden i 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught. 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 
H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 

H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck. 

H.R.H. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg „ 1 

H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg : 
H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 
H.M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain. 
H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 
H.H. Prince Maurice of Battenberg. 

Total number of Queen Victoria's Descendants 50 



3 



ORDER OF SUCCESSION TO THE THRONE, 

The rules furnished earlier on, with reference to the Descent of the Nobility, will enable any 
person to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only 
difference to be observed being that daughters are eligible for succession in order of their own 
seniority, but not till after the youngest of the sons. Thus after the Princt; of Wales and his Uve 
sons would come his daughter ; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children ot tne 
eldest in preference to the second sister ; then the second daughter of the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, 
his eldest daughter, now the Crown Princess of Roumania, having formally renounced on her 
marriage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg branch, 
we treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thus exhausted the families ot all her 
late Majesty's sons we turn to her daughters, beginning with the house of the late Empress ireaeric, 
and thus, just beyond the 20th on the list, we arrive at the German Emperor, and at tins point it 
may well appear that the investigation has gone far enough. It may, however, be worth noting that 
granddaughters who are descended from sons will by the above law take precedence ot daughters 
even if these are older than those sons (the daughter of the latf Duke of Albany ramnng prior to 
the line of the late Empress Frederic), as well as precedence of such sons as are not older. Compare 
her late Majesty's succession in preference to the Duke of Cumberland. 



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Observations on Genealogical Table. 95 



- OBSERVATIONS ON THE OPPOSITE TABLE. 

It will at Cnee be noticed that the Hanover Line is here exhibited by thick lines, arid that of 
Saxe-Coburg by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the ist and 3rd 
places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Frederick Duke 
of York, who died in 1827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Ohaiiotte Princess Royal, who must 
be carefully distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 
and first consort of King Leopold L, whose death in childbirth (1817) caused such general regret. 
Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two more daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Eliza- 
beth, then the Dukes of Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, and lastly the Princesses Mary, Sophia, 
and Elizabeth, and the infant Princes Octavius and Alfred. To avoid overcrowding we have had to 
omit these five names from the table as well as those of the before-mentioned daughters. 

Turning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Reigning 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld from 1800 till his death in 1806. He was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthony, Duke Ernest I. of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter Principality 
having been acquired by a family compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meiningen. The 
Duke died in 1844 an( i was followed by the elder of his two sons, Ernest Augustus Charles, Duke 
Ernest IT., the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.E.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and 
he in turn by his nephew the Duke of Albany. As elsewhere notified, the succession would 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of Wales (now King Edward VII. ) as eldest son of the Prince 
Consort, the preceding Duke's brother ; but His Eoyal Highness, as heir to the English throne, 
had formally renounced his claim in 1863. 

Returning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess 
of Mensdorff-Pouilly and Duchess Alexander of "Wiirtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand, 
whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, whilst the 2nd married a Princess of the Bourbon- 
Orleans House, and a daughter became Duchess of Nemours. Some of the descendants of these 
returned by marriage to Saxe-Coburg or passed to Saxony, Hohenzollem, Bavaria, or Austria, which 
States, with the already noted Belgium, "Wiirtemberg, Portugal, France, and others that might 
be added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen, Mecklenburg, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, 
Bulgaria, Eoumania, Eussia, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, and Norway, make up 
very considerably the larger portion of Europe for the regions into which our present Eoyal Family 
has spread or from which its alliances have been drawn. 

Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Princesses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
table : the former, Princess Juliana, married the Grand Duke Constantine of Eussia, but after twenty- 
four years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
child, the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
mentioned, who, after the death of the Princess Charlotte, married the eldest daughter of King Louis 
Philippe, by whom he became father of his present Majesty, King Leopold II. We have reserved 
for the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the Princess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late 
Majesty Queen Victoria, but in the first place wife of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 
was Eeigning Prince of Leiningen, and whose two children, Prince Charles Emich his successor and 
Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents 
(especially the latter) of the extensive lines of first cousins of His Majesty numbered 246-96 in our 
list of the Roj'al Relatives. 

After the death of Prince Emich Charles the Princess Victoria married the Duke of Kent, and their 
only issue was our late Queen. By their marriage the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg 
were again united after the unhappy severing of their former alliance by the death of Princess 
Charlotte; but the subsequent union of her late Majesty with Prince Albert, son of Duke Ernest 
HL effected a second amalgamation from which the two Houses have seemed to become practically 
identified. 

The death of Queen Victoria occurred on the 22nd of January, 1901, in the 82nd year of her age and 
the 64th of her reign— distinguished as being the longest in English history. The nearest approach 
to it, that of George III., was clearly short of 60, and it is singular that the only other Monarchs who 
attained to a sovereignty of half a century were also both of them the third of their respective names- 
Henry III., 56, and Edward III., 50. 



PLAN OF THE DIRECTORY. 

~ — H — 

The system of alphabetical arrangement is carried consistently out, to the entire 
ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a single alphabet. W e accord- 
ingly adopt the following order in cases of more than one person having the same 
surname or title : — First a surname standing alone (family name) ; then the titles of 
honour, in the alphabetical order — Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop, Count, Duke, 
Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord, Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Viscount 
(the widows of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as "Baron," 
"Baron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady" and " Lady " being used almost 
exclusively as references ; then follow those having a Christian name in the heading 
(chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain, Hon. , Lady, Lord, Reverend, 
&c, being printed in small letters and wholly ignored in the alphabetising. A Baronet 
or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname, Baronets are arranged in the alphabetical 
order of their topographical distinctions ; their widows similarly (but in one paragraph), 
and two or more of the same line in order of seniority ; Knights and their widows, in 
the order of their Christian names. The list under a simple surname is exhausted before 
the compounds of that name are commenced, and an arrangement is adopted which 
brings all the names of the same compound together. Compound names connected by a 
hyphen are placed under the second or last name, unless some other is the only one in 
use; but titles (as "Castle Cuffe," "Mount Edgcumbe," " Saye and Sele," "Burdett- 
Coutts," which is title and name both, and such forms as " Egerton of Tatton " and 
"Willoughby de Broke") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencing 
with St., Du, Le, Von, &c, and mostly De and Van (see note under "De"), stand 
under the respective prefixes. " M' " or " Mc " is treated as if spelt Mac, and " St." as 
Saint. See for illustration the Preliminary List under "Campbell." 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. This rule applies to the wives of 
Bishops, Privy Councillors, and Knight Companions, but if these, though untitled, 
hold precedence as daughters of Baronets or Knights, that fact is endeavoured to be 
made known. 

Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of former Peers are omitted. "Heir to 
Dukedom," or other leading title, implies as a rule heir to all the titles borne ; when 
otherwise it is so stated. The expressions, " Title of heir when a son" and "Title of 
eldest son " of course refer only to sons of the existing Peer. _ In the Indexes to surnames 
the same person is often repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names — 
simply because the first is not always the one in conventional use. The addition 
sep. implies a separate entry under the surname. 

Under Baronets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in italics in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a surviving widow of an extinct line, or 
where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Bailey and Baillie). 

Under Knights, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed in higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate the date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir." Native Indian and Honorary Companions of Orders 
(also Hon. C.V.O.'s and generally now most Honorary Knights) are not inserted. 
Military Knights and Companions marked {e.g.) "D.S.O. (1900-1) " were so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen. 

One Club is given (if known) when there is no other address, but not otherwise unless 
from some specially stated reason. 



The " Cautions as to Spelling of Titles &c." will now be found at the close of the Introduction immediately 
before Royal Family. 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY 



OP 

PEERS, BARONETS, KNIGHTS, AND PRIVY COUNCILLORS, 

TOGETHER WITH 

SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF PEERS, DOWAGER LADIES, LORDS OE SESSION, 
SCOTTISH, IRISH, COLONIAL, MISSIONARY, AND RETIRED BISHOPS, 
COMPANIONS OF ORDERS OF KNIGHTHOOD, MALTESE PEERS, &c. 



A. 

ABADIE, Capt. Eustace Henry Egremont, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), gth Lancers; S.Africa 1899-1900 : 
b. 1877. 

ABADIE, Maj.-Gen. Henry Richard. C.B. 
(Mil. 1891), Abyss. 1867-8 and Afghn. 1878-80, 
late Lt.-Gov. of Jersey, ret. 1904, is Hon. Col. 
Cadet Corps of Chann. Islds. Mil. : b. 1841. Club, 
U. Serv. 

ABBOT, family name of Colchester Barony. 
No issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenterden Barony. 
No issue retaining tbe name. 

ABBOTT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Edith, 
dau. of Jas. Solomon, Esq.) , mar. 1883, as 2nd wife, 
Hon. Sir Jos. Palmer Abbott, K.C.M.G., formerly 
Speaker of Legisl. Assemb. N.S.W. (d. 1901). Res., 
Tarella, St. Leonard's, Sydney. 

ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Frederick William, D.S.O. 
(1902), N.Z. Rough Riders ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1865. Res., Abbot's Rd., Mt. Eden, Auckland. 

ABBOTT, Col. Henry ALEXius,C.B.(Mil. 1898), 
LA. Supermini. List, Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 
2nd Miranzai, Tirah 1897-8, lat 3 comdg. Feroze- 
pore Brigade : b. 1849. 

ABBOTT, Col. Herbert Edward Stacy, 
D.S.O. (1896), R.E., Afghn. 1879-81, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, andChitral Relief ; late Supt. Engr. in 
Punjab Works Dept., and comdg. R.E. at Ply- 
mouth : b. 1855. 

ABDUL KARIM, C.V.O. (1899), CLE. (1895), 
late Ind. Sec. to Queen Victoria, prev. an Ind. 
Govt, clerk : b. 1863. Res., in India. 

ABDY, Baronet. Sir William Neville 
Ahdy, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1850), High Sheriff of Essex 
1884, has been a student interpreter in China : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1877, mar - l 9° 2 , 2n( I 
wife, Eliza Sarah (whom he divorced 1905), dau. 
of Oscar W. Beech, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
Capt. Anthony Charles Sykes A. (b. 1848, mar. 
follg. 1886 ; 2nd heir, next surv. bro., Henry 
Beadon, b. 1853). Seat, Albyns, Romford, Essex. 

ABDY, Hon. Mrs. Anthony, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Macdonald, and wife of above heir to Btcy. 
I A BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady a B. 
1 (Susannah Emily, dau. of the lateBenj. Eccleston, 
I Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Albert a Beckett, Kt. Bach. 



(just created), of the War Office (d. 1904). Res., 
6 Brompton 8q., S.W. 

ABERCORN, Duke of. James Hamilton, 2nd 
Duke (Irel.), sits as 3rd Marq. of A. (Gt. Br.) 
and is 11th Earl of A. (Scot.), holding thus a title 
in each of the three kingdoms, and being also 
Due de Chatelherault [France) ; K.G. (1892), P.C. 
(Irel. 1887), C.B. (Civ. 1885), M.A., Head of the 
House of Hamilton, Groom of the Stole to 
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales (formerly Lord of the 
Bedchamber to H.M. when holding that title) ; 
Lieut, of Co. Donegal and a C.C. for Tyrone, a 
memb. of Roy. Co. of Archers, and Hon. Col. 
North of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. ; an M.P. 1860-80 
(as Vise, and aftds. Marq. of Hamilton) : son of 
1st D. ; b. Aug. 24, 183b; sue. 1885 (C.) ; mar. 
1869 Lady Mary Anna Gurzon, dau. of 1st Earl 
Howe. Seat, Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, 
Co. Tyrone ; town res., 35 Park St., Grosvenor 
Sq., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. of Paisley. 1537 ; Ld. of Aber- 
corn, 1603 ; E. of Abercorn, and Ld. of Hamilton, 
Mountcastle, and Kilpatriek, 1606. Irel. : Ld. Hamil- 
ton, Bn. of Strabane, 1617 ; Vise. Strabane and Bn. 
Mountcastle 1701 ; D. of Abercorn and M. of Hamilton, 
iS63. Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of Abercorn, 
1790. France : Due de Chatelherault, 1549 (see that art.). 
—Among the ancestors of this line were the Scottish 
Lords of Cadzow and Earls of Arran (the former title 
feudal and extinct, the bitter now passed to the Duke of 
Hamilton — see that title). The 2nd son of the 2nd Earl 
was created Marquess of Hamilton, and is the founder 
of that elder branch of the family from which, though 
afterwards only on the maternal side, the Dukes of 
Hamilton derive their origin. The 4th son of the same 
Earl was given the Paisley Lordship, and his successor 
was made Lord and aftetwards Earl of Abercorn, with 
the accompanying titles of 1606. The two Peerages thus 
parted off : the 3rd Mary., of Plamiiton was made Duke 
of the same, and the marriage of his daughter and 
successor with the Earl of Selkirk, son of the 1st Marq. 
of Douglas, constituted the Hamilton line of Dukes 
the representatives on the female side of the older 
branch of the house of Hamilton, whilst the male heir- 
ship passed to the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, through whose 
relatives the younger branch is continued in the present 
Dukes of the latter title— their line having all along 
followed male descent and thus made them the heads of 
the house of Hamilton, as the Hamilton Dukes are of 
that of Douglas. A brother of the 2nd Earl of Aber- 
corn was made Lord Hamilton of Strabane, being thus 
the first in the house to hold an Irish title in this dis- 
tinctly Scottish family ; the 6th Earl, who resided 
mostly in Ireland, was promoted to be Vise. Strabane in 
the same Peerage. The 1st Duke of Abercorn was Lord 



I 



98 ABE Directory of Peerage, 



ABE 



Lieutenant of Ireland: he was the 10th Scottish Earl, 
the 8th having received the British title of Vise. Hamil- 
ton, and the 9th that of Marq. of Ahercorn. The French 
Dukedom was conferred upon the 2nd Earl of Arran, as 
stated under " Chatelherault." 

Titled Relatives. 
(Hamilton.) 
Issue of present {2nd) D.: 

Marq. of Hamilton, heir to Dukedom : James Albert 
Edward II., M.P. for Londonderry City (C), late 
Treas. of the Househd., is Maj. North of Ireld. 
Imper. Yeom., late Capt. 1st Life Gds. : b. 1869, 
mar. 1894 Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, 
dau. of 4th E. of Lucan. Issue : 
Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia H., b. 1896. 
Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix 17., b. 1897. 
Lady Katharine H., b. 1900. 

Lord Paisley, 2nd heir: James Edward II., 
b. 1904. 

The deceased Lord Claud Penn H.,h & d. 1871. 

The deceased Lord Charlie H., b. & d. 1874. 

Lady Alexandra Phyllis H., b. 1876. 

The deceased Lord Claud Francis II., b. & d. 1878. 

Lady Gladys Mary H., now Ctss. of Wicklow, b. 1880, 

mar. 1902 7th Earl of W., q.v. 
Lord Arthur John H., Lieut. Irish Gds., b. 1883. 
A deceased son, b. & d. 1880. 
Lord Claud Nigel II., b. 1889. 

Surviving issue of 1st D. (bros. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

Lady Harriet Georgiria Louisa now Dow. Ctss. of 
Lichfield (q.v.), b. 1834, mar. 1855 2nd Earl of L. 
(d. 1892). 

Lady Louisa Jane, now Dchss. of'Buccleuch, V.A., b. 

1836, mar. 1859 6th Duke of B., q.v. 
(Present Duke, b. 1838.) 

Lady Georgiana Susan, now Ctss. Y/interton, b. 1841, 
mar. 1882 5th Earl W., q.v. 

Lord Claud John H., Hon. Col. 5th Batt. Roy. 
Innisk. Fus. (Mil.), Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
and High Steward of Yarmouth, formerly Capt. 
Gren. Gds., an A.D.C. to Queen Victoria and the 
Lord Lieut, of Ireld., a Jun. Lord of Treas. 1868, 
an M.P. 1865-88: b. 1843, mar. 1878 Carolina, dau. of 
the late Edwd. S. Chandos-Pole, Esq. (Lady Claud 
John //.). Res., 4 Hans Mansions, Chelsea, S.W. 

Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis H., M.P., b. 1845, see 
"Hamilton, Priv. Counc." 

Lady Albertha Frances Anne H., formerly Mchss. of 
Blandford, and often still so called incorrectly : 
b. 1847, mar. 1869, as 1st wife, the Marq. of B., but 
obtd. divorce shortly before his succession as 8th 
D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute a few 
weeks after succession) : is mother of the present 
Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Lady Maud Evelyn, now Mchss. of Lansdoivne, V. A., 
C.I. : b. 1850, mar. 1869 5th Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer H., an M.P. 1885-6 and 1892-5 
(C), has been Sec. to Brit. Embassies or Legations 
at Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos 
Aires, late Editor of the Pall Mall Magazine : 
b. 1856. Res., Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, Co. 
Tyrone ; 13 Gt. College St., Westmr., S.W. 

Lord Ernest William H., formerly Capt. nth Hussars, 
an M.P. 1885-92 (C.): b. 1858, mar. 1891 Pamela 
Louisa Augusta Ambrose, dau. of Capt. Fredc. A. 
Campbell, son of the 1st Bt. of Thames Ditton 
(Lady Ernest FT. ). Res., Shantock Hall, Bovingdon, 
Hemel Hempstead. Herts. 

ABE RCEOMB Y, family name of following 
Barony. 

ABERCROMBY, Baron. George Ralph 
Campbell, Abercromby, 4th Bn. (U.K.), late 
a D.L. for Stirlingsh. : son of 3rd Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 23, 1838 ; sue. 1852 (L.) ; mar. 1858 Lady 
Julia Janet Georgiana Duncan, V.A., dau. of 2nd 
E. of Camperdown. Seats, Fem Tower, Crieff, 
Perthsh. ; Tullibody Castle, Clackmannan ; town 
res., 14 Grosvenor St., W. (The Lady Abor- 
cromby, 39 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W., with 
her bro. the Earl of Camperdown.) 

Creation. Bn. Abercromby, U.K. i3oi.— -Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in 1801. 



Titled Relatives. 
(Abercromby.) 

Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of 
present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Ctss. of Glasgow, q.v., 

b. 1835, mar. 1856 6th Earl of G. (d. 1890). 
(Present Baron, b. 1S38.) 

Hon. John A., heir pres. to Barony, formerly Capt. 
Highl. Bord. Mil. and Lieut. Rifle Brigade : b. 1841, 
mar. 1876 Adele W. M. von Heidenstam, but 
obtained divorce 1879. Res., 62 Palmerston PI., 
Edinburgh. (No 2nd heir.) 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet. Sir George 
William Abercroviby, 8th Bt. (Scot. 1636) , Chief of 
the Abercromby Clan, 2nd Lieut. Scots Gds. : son 
of 7th Bt., b. 1886, sue. 1895. Heir pres., YiisYno. 
Robert Alexander (b. 1805 ; 2nd heir, their 
uncle Captain George Cosmo A ., b. 1854). Seats, 
Birkenbog, Banffsh., nr. Turriff ; Forglen House, 
ditto (let) ; Castle Douglas, Kirkcudbts. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Ctss. of Northbrook. 

ABERDARE, Baron. Henry Campbell Bruce, 
2nd Bn. (U.K.), V.D., a D.L. for Glamorgan, 
late Lt.-Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. Welsh Regt. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. June 19, 1851 ; sue. 1895 (L.) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of Hamilton Beckett, 
Esq. Seats, Duffryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorg. ; 
Longwood, Winchester; town res., 83 (Eaton Sq., 
SW. 

Creation. Bn. Aberdare, U.K. 1873.— The 1st Bn. had 

been Home Sec. in Mr. Gladstone's first Ministry. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bruce.) 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Lyndhurst B., heir to Barony, 

Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots (Mil.) : .b. 1881, mar. 

1906 Camille Clifford. 
Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Visctss. Newport, b. 1882, 

mar. 1904 Vise. N., eld. son and heir of 4th E. of 

Bradford, q.v. 
Hon. Clarence Napier B., 2nd heir, b. 1885. 
The deceased Violet B., b. & d. 1887. 
Hon. John Hamilton B., b. 1839. 
Hon. Eva Isabel Marian B., b. 1892. 
Hon. Constance Pamela Alice B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Victor Austin B., b. 1897. 
The deceased Hon. Robert B., b. & d. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists., half-bros., and 
half -sists. of present Bn.) : 
By ist mrrge. 
Hon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 

Vernon- Harcourt, b. 1848, mar. 1872 Aug. Geo. 

V.-H., Esq. Res., St. Clare, Ryde, I.W. 
Hon. Jessie Frances, now Hon. Mrs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 1849, mar. 1878 Rev. J no. Wm. W.-J. 

Res., Llanbeblig Vic, Carnarvon. 
(Present Baron, b. 1851.) 

By snd mrrge. 
Hon. Caroline Louisa B., b. 1855. Res., Pen Pole 

House, Shirehampton, Bristol. 
Hon. Sarah Napier, now Hon. Mrs. Montague Muir- 

Maclcenzie, b. 1856, mar. 1888 Mont. Johnstone 

M.-M., Esq., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt M.-M., 2nd 

Bt. Res. ,21 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.AV., and with preceding. 
Hon. William Napier B., C.B. (Civ. 1905), barrister- 

at-law, Princ. Assist. Sec. Educ. Bd., : b. 1858. mar. 

1882 Emily, dau. of the late Gen Sir Wm. M. S. 

M'Murdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. William B.). Res., 

34 Leinster Gdns., Bayswater, W. 
Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion Russell, 

b. i860, mar. 1887 Champ. Branfiil R., Esq. Res., 

Stubbers, North Ockeudon, Bom ford, Essex. 
Hon. Elizabeth Fox, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Matheson, 

b. 1861, mar. 1896 Percy Ewing M., Esq. Res., 

1 Savile Rd., Oxford. 
Hon. Pamela Georyina B., b. 1862. Res. , 222 Banbury 

Rd., Oxford. 

Hon. Charles Granville B., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 
Ma.j. I.A., served with Tirah Expedn. 1897-8 : b. 
1866, mar. 1894 Fiuetta Madelina Julia, dau. of Col. 



ABE 



Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 



ABI 



99 



Sir Edwd. F. Campbell, 2nd Bt. of Thames 
Ditton (Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore B., Vice-Princ. of Somerville 
Coll. Oxford, b. 1867. 

ABERDEEN, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Rowland 
Ellis, D.D., Bp. of Aberd. and Orkney, late 
Canon of St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, 
formerly Vic. of Gwersyllt and Mold : ord. 1864, 
cons. 1906. Bes., Bishop's Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN, Earl oh*. John Campbell 
Gordon, 7th Earl (Scot.) and a Bt., sits as 
Vise. Gordon (U.K.) ; K.T. (1906), G.M.P. (1905), 
P.C. (Gt. Br. 1886,7.1905), G.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., 
LL.D., D.C.L. ; Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (2nd time), 
also- of Aberdeensh., a D.L. for Co. of City of 
Aberdeen ; late Gov.-Gen. of Canada and was five 
years Lord High Commissr. to Ch. of Scotld. : son 
of 5th E., bro. of 6th, and grandson of the Premier 
of 1852-5 : b. Aug. 3, 1847 ; sue. 1870 (L.) ; has 
dropped name of Hamilton; mar. 1877 Hon. 
Ishbel Maria Mar j or Hanks, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Tweedmouth. Seats, Haddo House, Aberdeen; 
House of Cromar, Tarland, Aboyne S.O., Aber- 
deensh. ; Coldstream Ranch, Brit. Columbia ; 
qMo> res., The Castle, Dublin; town house, 58 
Grosvenor St., W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1642 ; E. of Aberdeen, "Vise. 
Formartine, and Bn. Haddo, Methlic, Tarves, and 
Kellie, 1682. U.K. : Vise. Gordon, 1814,— Associated in 
origin with the house of Huntly. The 1st Earl -was Lord 
Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th Earl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (Jth) E. (name Gordon) : 

LoRn Haddo, heir to Earldom : George G., a D.L. 

for Aberdeensh., b. 1879, mar. 1906 the widow of 

E. S. Cockayne, Esq. hide Clixby). Res., House of 

Schivas, Ellon, Aberdeensh. 
Lady Marjorie Adeline, now Lady M. Sinclair, b. 1880, 

mar. $904 Capb. Rt. Hon. John 5'., M.P., grandson 

of Sir Jno. Sinclair, 6th Bt. of Dunboatn. Res., 

2 Cambridge Sq., W. 
The deceased Lady Dorothea Mary G., b. & d. 1882. 
Hon. Dudley Gladstone G., 2nd heir, late Cant. 2nd 

Vol. Batt. Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Archibald Ian G., b. 18S4. 
Surviving issue of ^th E. (sists. of present and 6th): 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1841, lost at sea 1870, unmrrd.) 
Lady Mary, now The Lady Polwarth, b. 1844, mar. 

1863 8th Bn. P., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady H. Lindsay, b. 1849, mar. 
1870 Wm. Alex. L„ Esq., K.C., Windsor Herald. 
Res., Deer Pk., Honiton, Devon; 17 Cromwell Rd., 
S.W. 

Lady Katherine Eliza, now The Lady Balfour of 
Burleigh, b. 1852, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.v. 

Issue of <\th E. (uncle of present ; name Hamilton- 
Gordon, so the preceding list bef. mrrge.) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1816, d. 1864.) 
Bn. Stanmore,q..v., b. 1829, formerly Hon. Sir Arthur 
H.-G., G.C.M.G., whose family is thus a branch of 
that of Aberdeen. 
— Daus. -in-law: 

Hon. Lady H.-G., see "Gordon, H.-, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Ellen Susan Anne H.-G., nee Douglas, dau. of 
19th E. of Morton, b. 1824, mar. 1851 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Douglas H.-G., Canon of Salisbury (d. 
1901). Rss., The Close, Salisbury. 

ABERDOUR, Lord (by courtesy— title, Scot. 
1458), eld. son and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABERGAVENNY (pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
quess of. William Nevill, 1st Marq. (U.K.), 
K.G. (1885), late Lord Lieut, of Sussex, isHon. Col. 
W. Kent and Suss. Imper. Yeomanries, formerly 
Lieut, in 2nd Life Gds. : son of 4th Earl of A. ; 
b. Sept. 16, 1826; sue. as 5th Earl 1868, cr. Marq. 
1876 (C.) ; mar. 1848 the late Caroline (d. 1892), 



dau. of Sir John Vanden-B.-Johnstone, 2nd Bt., 
and sist. of 1st Bn. Derwent. Seats, &c, Eridge 
Castle, Sussex, nr. Tunb. Wells; Nevill Ct., 
Abergavenny, Monm. ; 9 Chichester Terr., 
Brighton ; town res., 64 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke first uses the form Abergavenny 
under the 9th Bn., sue. 1622). Gt. Br.: E. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K. : M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The 1st Bn. Bergavenny 
was son of the 1st Earl of Westmorland and uncle of 
the famous " King-Maker," Earl of Warwick. The 17th 
Bn. was created Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Nevill.) 
Issue of present (1st) M.: 

The deceased Hon. Caroline Louisa N., b. 1849, d. 
1850. 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady Cicely Gathorne- 
Hardy, b. 1851, mar. 1873 Col. Hon. Chas. Gathorrte 
G.-H., son of 1st E. of Cranbrook, q.v. 

Earl of Lewes, heir to Marquessate : Reginald 
William Bransby iV", formerly Lieut. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, b. 1853. 

Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph iV., 2nd heir, Hon. 
Lt.-Col., late Maj., Suss. Imper. Yeomanry: b. 
1854, mar. 1886, 2nd wife, Maud Augusta, sist. of 
2nd Bn. Grimthorpe (Lady Henry N.). Res., 
Eridge Castle, Tunb. Wells ; 64 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Lord George Montacute A'., a D.L. for Sussex, 
formerly Lieut. Roy. W. Kent. Mil. : b. 1856, mar. 
1882 Florence Mary, dau. of Temple Soanes. Esq. 
(Lady George N.). Res., 14 Palmeira Sq., Hove, 
Brighton. 

The late Lady Alice Maud, aftds. Morland, b. 1858, d. 

1898, having mar. 1884 Maj. Henry Courtenay M. 
Lord William Beauchamp N., formerly A.D.C. to 

Viceroy of Ireland and Lieut. Roy. W. Kent Mil. : 

b. i860, mar. 1889 Luisa Maria Carmen de Murrieta, 

dau. of Marq. de Santurce (Lady Wm. JV. ; res., 

72 Eaton PL, S.W.). 
Lord Richard Plantagenet N., B.A., a D.L. for 

Sussex, was A. D. C. to Govs, of Victoria and S. 

Australia and of the Commonwealth, also Priv. 

Sec. to Vise. Cranbrook : b. 1862. Club, Carlton. 
Lady Idina Mary, now Lady I. Brassey, b. 1865, 

mar. 1889 Hon. Thos. Allnutt B., son and heir of 

1st Bn. Brassey, q.v. 
Lady Rose, now Ctss. of Cottenham, b. 1866, mar., 

1st, 1887, Jno. B. Leigh, Esq., who obtd. divorce 

1899 ; 2iidly, 1899, 4th Earl of C, q.v. 
Lady Violet, now Lady V. Myddelton, formerly Ctss. 

Cowley, b. 1866 (twin with Lady Rose), mar., 1st, 

1889, 3rd Earl Cowley, but obtd. divorce 1897 ; 

2ndly, 1898, Robt. Edwd. M., Esq. Res., Church 

Leys, Rearsby, Leicester. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent M.) : 
(Preseni Marquess and 5th Earl, b. 1826.) 
Lady Henrietta Augusta, now Lady Augusta Lloyd- 

Mostyn, b. 1830, mar. 1855 the late Hon. Thos. E. 

Mostyn Ll.-M. (d. 1861), son of 2nd Bn. Mostyn, q.v. 
Lady Isabel Mary Prances, now Lady I. Bligh, b. 

1831, mar. 1854 Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Vesey B., son 

of 5th E. of Darnley, q.v. 
Hon. Ralph Pelham K., formerly Capt. W. Kent 

Yeomanry, is a D. L. for the Co., High Sheriff 

1896: b. 1832, mar. i85o Louisa Marianne, dau. of 

Sir Chas. F. Maclean, 9th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. Ralph iV.). 

Res., Birling Manor, Maidstone ; 9 Basil St., 

Sloane St., S.W. 
Widow of a cousin of present 31. : 

Lady Dorothy Fanny N.,nie Lady D. F. Walpole, 

dau. of 3rd E. of Orford, b. 1826, mar. 1847 the late 

Regd. Hy. X., Esq., nephew of 2nd E. and 1st 

cous. once rem. of present M. (he died 1878). Res., 

45 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

ABERNETHY and JEDBURGH FOREST 
(Scot. 1533)— see "Hamilton, D. of." 

ABERNETHY and STRATHEARN, Baron 
(Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABERRUTHVEN &c, Baron (Scot. 1707)— see 
"Montrose, D. of." 

ABINGDON, Earl of. Montagu Arthur 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7th Earl (Eng.), a D.L. 



I 2 



ioo ABI 



Directory of Peerage, 



ACL 



for Berks, and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Berks. 
Regt. (Mil.), is heir pres. to the Lindsey Earl- 
dom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 13, 1836; sue. 
1884 (G.) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late Caroline 
Theresa, dau. of Chas. Towneley, Esq. (she died 
1873) ; 2ndly, 1883, Gwendeline Mary, dau. of 
the late Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas.C. Dormer, K.C.B., 
and sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, "Wytham 
Abbey, Oxford. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Norreys, 1572 by writ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The 1st Bn. Norreys or Norris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
2nd Bn. was created Earl of Berkshire, but that title 
expired at his death, whilstithe Norreys Bny. descended 
through his daughter to his great-grandson, afterwards 
created Earl of Abingdon. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bertie.) 
Issue of present (jth) E. : 

BY 1ST MRRGE. 

Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund Talbot, b. 
1859, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard T., M.P., son 
of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 

Lord Norreys, heir to Earldom : Montague Charles 
Francis Towneley-Bertie,a, D.L. for Berks., formerly 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Berks. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. i860, mar. 1885 Hon. Rose Rivers- 
dale Glyn, sist. of 4th Bn. Wolverton, and granted 
the rank of a Bn.'s dau. : has assumed (without 
licence) the addit. name of Towneley. Res., 2 Nor- 
folk Cresc, Edgware Rd., W. Issue : 
Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., b. 1886. 
Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 
! heir to Earldom, 2nd Lieut. Roy. Anglesey 

R.E. (Mil.) : b. 1887. 

The deceased Hon. Arthur John B., b. 1861, d. 1862. 

Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Revntiens, b 
1865, mar., 1st, 1890, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal, 
K.C.M.G. (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1897, Comdt. Reyntiens, 
A.D.C. to the King of the Belgians. Res., Brussels. 

The late Lady Cecil Josephine, aftds. Kenna, b. 1873, 
d. 1895, having in that year mar. Lt.-Col. Paul li., 

d.s.o.. uar. 

BY 2ND MRRGE. 

Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary B., b. 1885. 
Hon. Arthur Michael B., b. 1886. 
Lady Betty Constance Mary B., b. 1893. 
Hon. James Willoughby B., b. 1901. 

Issue of 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1838. 

Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. Biclcersteth, b. 
1843, mar. 1883 Robt. B., Esq., son of 2nd Bp. of 
Ripon. Res., 70 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

Rt. Hon. and Hon. Sir Francis Levesoni?., G.C.M.G., 
b. 1844, see "Bertie, P.C." 

Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A, b. 1846, 
mar. 1881 Lady Caroline Elizabeth M'Donnell, dau. 
of 10th E. of Antrim. Res., Gedling Rect., Not- 
tingham. 

Lady Frances Evelyn B., a nun, b. 1848. Res., Con- 
vent of the Visitation, Harrow-on-the-Hill. 
Hon. George Aubrey Vere B., formerly Lt.-Col. 
1st Batt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in Zulu War 1879 : 
b. 1850, mar. 1885 Harriet Blanche Elizabeth (Hon. 
Mrs. Geo. B.), dau. of Sir Walter R. Farquhar, 3rd 
Bt. Res., Maresfield, E. Cowes, I.W. 
Hon. Charles Claude B., formerly Lieut. 47th Foot, 

b. 1851, widower. 
Hon. Reginald Henry B., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Col. retd., 
late comdg. 2nd Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus., served in 
Crete 1897-8, China 1900 : b. 1856, mar. 1892 Lady 
Amy Evelyn Courtenay, dau. of the late Ld. 
Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Devon. Res., 
The Grondra, Chepstow. 
— D aus. -in-law : 

Lady Feodorowna Cecilia B., nie Wellesley, dau. of 
1st Earl Cowley and wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Fras. B. 
Lady Caroline Eliz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 
Lady Amy Evelyn B., see Hon. Reginald. 
ABLNGER, Baron. Shelley Leopold Lau- 
rence Scarlett, 5th Bn. {U.K.), Capt. in 3rd Batt. 
Beds. Regt. (Mil.), late Hon. Attache at Stock- 
holm : son of Lt.-Col. J. Y. C. Scarlett and a 2nd 
cousin of 4th Bn. ; b. April 1, 1872; sue. 1903 



(G.) ; mar. 1899 Lila Lucy Catherine Mary, dau. 
of the late Bt. Hon. Sir Wm. A. White, G.C.B., 
G.C.M.G., and widow of M. Carl E. de Geijer. 
Bes., Boscombe Manor, Bournemouth; Aran 
House, Horsham. 

Creation. Bn. Abinger, U.K. 1835.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 
Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heib. 
(Scarlett.) 

Surviving bros. and sist. of present ($th) Bn. (granted 
rank of Bn.'s children 1904) : 
(Present Baron, b, 1872.) 

Hon. Robert Brooke Campbell S., heir pres. to 
Bny., b. 1876. Res., Boscombe PL, Bournemouth. 
Hon. Hugh Richard S., 2nd heir, Lieut. R.F.A. : 

b. 1878, Club. Jun. U. Serv. 
Hon. Ruth Hester Frances S., b. 1882. 
Hon. Percy Gerald S., Lieut. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. 

(Mil.), b. 1885, 
Hon. Leopold Florence S , a Nav. Cadet, b. 1889 
(posthumous). 

Issue of 3rd Bn. (and cousins of present) : 

Hon. Ella Campbell, M.D., now Hon. Mrs. Percy 
Synge, b. 1864, mar. 1901 Lieut. Percy Hamilton A'. 
Hon. Helen Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1885 the late Nich. Jno. C, 
Esq. (d. 1892). 
Hon. Evelina Haverfield, b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd 
husb, Maj. Jno. Hy. Balguy, R.A., but re-assumed 
the name of her former husband. Res., Marsh Ct., 
Sherborne, Dorset. 
(The late 4th Baron b. 1871, d. 1903 unmarrd.) 

Dau. of2ndBn. (1st cous. once rem. of present) : 
(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1892.) 
Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Smith, 
b. 1828, mar. 1857 the late Rev. Sidney Lidderdale S. 
(d. 1903), Canon Resid. of Hereford. Res., South 
Bank, Hereford. 

ABINGER, Baron's Widow. Helen, Lady A. 
(Helen, dau. of the late Commodore Geo. A. Mag- 
ruder, of the U.S. Navy), mar. 1863 3rd Bn. (d. 
1892). Bes., Bedford House, Ockley, Dorking; 
Inverlochy Castle, Kingussie, Invemess-sh. ; 46 
Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William de 
Wiveleslie Abney, K.C.B. (Civ. 1900), R.E. 
retd., D.C.L., D.Sc, E.R.S., Scient. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educn., Past Pres. of Roy. Astronom., 
Phys., and Roy. Photog. Socs. : b. 1843, mar. 1889, 
2nd wife, Mary Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. 
Mead, D.D., of U.S.A. Bes., Measham Hall, 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leic. ; Rathmore Lodge, 
Bolton Gdns. Sth., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl of (Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M. of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABYSSINIA (or Ethiopia), the Emperor 
of. H.I.M. Menelik II., G.C.B. (Hon. Mil. 
1902), G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1897) : b. 1843. 

ACHESON (pron. Aitcheson), family name of 
Gosford Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
"Hons." 

ACHESON, Viscount (by courtesy) , elder son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Aclieson 
(U.K. 1847) isa title °f the Earldom, but " Vise. 
Acheson " is substituted for "Vise. Gosford." 
ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tuam." 
ACKROYD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary, 
da,u. of tho late Wm. Hy. Lucas, Esq.), mar. 1880 
Sir Edward Jas. Ackroyd, Kt. Bach. (d. 1904). 
Address, 31 Brunswick PI., Hove, Brighton. 

ACLAND, Baronet of Columb John (loc. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th 
Bt. (Eng. 1645 n.s.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a 
D.L. for Devon and Somerset, and Dep. Warden 



ACL 



Baronetage, Jlnightage, &c. ADA 101 



of the Stannaries, High Sheriff of Devon 1903-4, 
formerly Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 1st Devon Yeom., 
Secretary to Bd. of Trade in 1886, an M.P. 1882-92 
(L.), and for a time 2nd Church Estates Commissr. : 
son of 11th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 1898, mar. 1879 
Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. Walrond, 1st Bt. 
Heir pres., bisbro., the under-mentioned Bt. Hon. 
Arthur Herbert Dyke A. [2nd -heir, latter' s son 
Francis Dyke, M.P.,i,.,b. 1874). Seats, Killerton, 
Exeter; Holnicote, Taunton. 

ACL AND, Baronet of Oxford. "Vice-Adm. Sir 
"William Alison D yk e A eland, 2nd Bt.(Z7.iT. 1890), 
C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., Assoc. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, was attached to Chilian Army in war with 
Peru 1880-1, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8* 
late a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria , 2nd in comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd. : 
son of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin of above Bt. of 
Columb John; b. 1847, sue. igoo, mar. 1887 the 
under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
son William Henry Dyke (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Hubert Guy Dyke, b. 1890). 

ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 
and dau. of the late Rt. Hon. W. H. Smith and 
Vctss. Hambleden. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. Bt. Hon. Arthur 
Herbert Dyke Acland, P.C. ( Gt. Br. 1892) , M. A. , 
an M.P. 1885-98 (£,.), and has been Vice-Pres. 
Cmttee. of Counc. on Education, Princ. of Oxford 
Mil. Coll. (Cowley), and Senior Bursar of Balliol 
Coll. : 2nd son of late Bt. Hon. Sir Thos. D. 
Acland, 11th Bt. of Columb John, and bro. and 
heir pres. of present Bt. ; b. 1847, nia.r. 1873. Res., 
2Weaponness Pk., Scarborough: 29 St. James's 
Ct.,45Buckm. Gt., S.W. 

ACLAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau. of Vctss. 
Hambleden and sist. of above Hon. Ladv A. 

A'COURT (HOLMES-), family name of 
Heytesbury Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

A'COURT-BEPINGTON— see " Repington." 

ACTON, Baron. Richard Maximilian 
Dalberg - Acton, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), a Lord-in-Waiting to 
H.M., late a 2nd Sec. in Diplom. Serv. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 7, 1870 ; sue. 1902 (L.) ; mar. 1904 
Dorothy, dau. of Thos. H. Lyon, Esq. No present 
heir to Barony ; heir pres. to Baronetcy, a 3rd 
cousin, Edward Acton, Esq. (b. 1857; 2nd heir, 
latter's 1st cousin Alfred, b. 1867). Seat, Alden- 
ham Pk., Bridgnorth, Salop. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1644. Bn. Acton, U.K. 1869.— 
The 1st Peer, an M.P. and K.C.V.O., was Regius Pro- 
fessor of Modern History at Cambridge, and a Lord-in- 
Waiting to Queen Victoria. 

Titled Relatives. 
{Dalberg- Acton.) 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Marie Immaculee Antoinette D.-A., b. 1905. 
Hon. D.-A. (dau.), b. 1906. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Elizabeth Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 

Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 

Bleiddian grandson of the late Baron Llanover. 
Hon. Annie Mary Catherine Ueorgiaua D.-A., b. 

1868. 

(Present Baron, b. 1870.) 

Hon. Jeanne Marie D.-A., b. 1876. 

ACTON, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
(Ctss. Marie Arco- Valley, of Munich), mar. 1865 
1st Bn. (see under Creations; d. 1902). Res., 

ACTON (DALBERG-), family name of above. 

ACUTT, Ernest Leslie, C.M.G. (1902), Mayor 
of Durban, Natal, in year of promotion : b. 1855. 
Res., Berea, Durban. 



ACWORTH, Harry Arbuthnot, OLE. (1895), 
Bomb. C. S. retd.; barrister-at-law and Maj. 
Bomb. Rif. Vols., Munic. Commissr. of Bombay 
1890-6, founded Matonga Leper Asylum, has 
Written Ballads and other works : b. 1849. Res., 
The Benhams, Malvern. 

ADAIR, Baronet. Sir Frederick Edwabd 
Shafto Adair, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1838), formerly 
Capt. Rifle Brigade : son of 3rd Bt., b. i860, sue, 
1902. Heir pres., his bro. Robert Shafto (b. 
1862 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Allan Henry Shafto, 
b. 1897). Seats, Flixton Hall, Bungay, Suffolk; 
Adair Lodge, Aldeburgh, same Co. ; The Castle, 
Ballymena, Co. Antrim. 

**-* The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Adair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron Waveney in 1873, a title which became extinct 
upon his death in 1886. 

ADAIR, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. (Harriet 
Camilla, dau. of the late Alex. Adair, Esq.), mar. 
1856 her relative Sir Hugh E. Adair, 3rd Bt. (d. 
1902). Res., Heatherton, Pembury, Tunb. Wells. 

ADAM, Baronet. Sir Charles Elphinstone 
Adam, 1st Bt. ( U.K. 1882) ,M.A., barrister-at-law, 
Vice-Lieut., Convener, andC.C. of Kinross-sh.,and 
aD. L. for that Co. and Fife, late Priv. Sec. to Lord 
Tweedmouth in three offices : son of Rt. Hon. Wm. 
P. Adam (see follg.), b. 1859. Heir, none. Res., 
Blair Adam House, and Barns, both Blair Adam 
S.O., Kinross-sh. ; chamb., 5 New Sq., Line. Inn, 
W.C. 

ADAM, Baronet's Widow (by elevation) . Lady 
A., C.I. (Emily Eliza, dau. of Gen. Sir Wm. 
Wyllie, G.C.B.), mar. 1856 Rt. Hon. Wm. P. 
Adam, OLE., M.P., Gov. of Madras (d. 1881 
when designated for a Baronetcy) . Res., Barns, 
Blair Adam S.O., Kinross-sh.; Wilderness House, 
Hampton Ct. 

ADAM, Knight. Sir Frank Forbes Adam, 
Kt. Bach. (1890), CLE. (1888), a D.L. for Lanes., 
a merchant and a Gov. of Imper. Inst., formerly 
an M.L.C. and Pres. Chamb. Commerce of Bom- 
bay, also of that of Manchester, is a memb. of 
Counc. Manch. Lniv. : b. 1846, mar. 1883 Rose 
Frances, dau. of C. G. Kemball, Esq., late Judge 
of Bomb. High Ct. Res., Mere Old Hall, Knuts- 
ford, Cheshire. 

ADAM, Lord (of Session — retired). James 
Adam, late Judge of the Courts of Session and 
Justiciary 1876, with official title " (Hon.) Lord 
Adam," re*. 1905, was Sheriff of Perthsh. 1874-6, 
three times Advoc.-Depute : b. 1824, mar. 1861 
a dau. of Jno. Beatson Bell, Esq., W.S. (Lady 
Adam) . Res. , 34 Moray PI. , Edinburgh. 

ADAM, Lt.-Col. Frederick Loch, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), Scots Gds. and Mil. Sec. to Viceroy 
of India ; S. Africa 1899 : b. 1864. 

ADAM, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Ashburton and wife of preceding. 

ADAMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Coleridge. 

ADAMS, Maj .-Gen. Robert Bellew, C.B.(Mil. 
1898), ytC (1897), I.A., Afghn. 1879-80, Chitral 
Relief, and N.W. Front. 1897-8, late an A.D.C. to 
H.M. now comdg. Derajat Brigade,: b. 1856. Res., 
Umballa, Punjab. 

ADAMS, William Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 
1st Clerk in Teachers' Pension Office, Dublin: 
b. 1844. Res., 143 Triton ville Rd., Sandymount, 
Dublin. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Knight. Maj. Sir Hamil- 
ton John Goold-Adams, K.C.M.G. (1902), C.B. 
(Civ. 1898), late of Roy. Scots (ret. 1901); served in 
Matabeleld. and Bechuanald. 1884-5 and i 8 93~4 



io2 ADA 



Directory of Peerage, 



AGE" 



and Boer War 1900 ; now Lt.-Gov. of Orange 
Riv. Col., recently Res. Comrnissr. for Bechuana- 
land Protect. : b. 1858. Res., Bloemfontein. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Lt.-Col. Henry Edward 
Fane, C.M.G. (1901), R.A., China 1900-1 : b. i85o. 
Res., Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co. Cork. 

ADAMSON, Knight. Sir Harvey Adamson, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), C.S.I. (1903), M.A., Chf. Judge 
in Lower Burma, late Judicial Comrnissr. in 
Upper Burma, is Lt.-Col. Rifle Vols., an Ord. 
Memb. Counc. of Viceroy: b. 1854, mar. 1892 
Jane Charlotte, dau. of Jno. Leslie, Esq. Res., 
Rangoon, Burma. 

ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
CLE. (1889), LA. retd. ; Burma 1886-7, has been 
Comrnissr. of S. Div. of Burma: b. 1846. Res., 
North Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

ADAMSON, William, C.M.O. (1897), re- 
peatedly an M.L.C. of Straits Settmts. , now a City 
merchant, Dir. of P. & O. Steamship Co., and 
Chmn. Str. Setts. Assoc. : b. 1832. Res., Roth- 
bury, 9 Avenue Rd., Highgate, N. 

ADARE, Viscount {Irel. 1822) and Baron 
(1800)— see "Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh Adeoch, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (1897), M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.E., 
Cons. Phys.-in-Ch. toH.I.M. the Shah of Persia : 
b. 1847. Res. Teheran. 

ADDERLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," see also below. 

ADDERLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Lsetitia Annie, dau. of Hon. W. H. Hall), mar. 
1857 Sir Augustus J. Adderley, K.C.M.Gr., for- 
merly an M.L.C. Bahamas (d. 1905). Res., 
2 Southwell Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ADDERLEY (BROUGHTON-), Hon. Mrs. 
Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

ADDEY, William Ereeme, I.S.O. (1902), 
Supplem. Clk. in Solic. Dept. of Treas.: b. 1852. 

ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 
Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." of the name {not 
of the following). 

ADDINGTON, Baron. Egerton Hubbard, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., M.A., a partner in 
two merchant firms, a Co. Aid. for Bucks., late 
Col. 1st Bucks. Rifle Vols., anM.P. 1874-80 and 
1886-9 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Dec. 29, 1842 ; sue. 1889 
(C.) ; may. 1880 Mary Adelaide, dau. of SirWynd- 
ham S. Portal, 1st Bt. Seat, Addington Manor, 
Winslow, Bucks. ; town res., 24 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. En. Addington, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bn. 
was Governor of the Bank of England and M.P. for the 
City of London. 

Titled Relatives. 

(Hubbard.) 

Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Winifred Mary H., b. 1881. 

Hon, John Gellibrand 77., heir to Barony, Lieut. 

*gt Bucks. Rif. Vols. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Raymond Egerton H., 2nd heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Francis Spencer H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Ruth Mary H., b. 1898. 

Surviving issue e>f 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Alice Eliza H., b. 1841. Res., 24 Prince's Gt., 
S.W. 

(Present Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Cecil John H., formerly Lt.-Col. Gren. Gds., 
served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1846, mar. 1872 Helen J ane. 
dau. of the late Arth. Macdonald-Ritchie, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Cecil H.). Res., Kingsbridge, Steeple 
Claydon, Bucks. ; 247 Knightsbridge, S.W. 

Hon. Rose Ellen H., b. 1851. Res., Seven Gables, 
Winslow, Bucks. | 



Horn Evelyn H., M.A., Lisut. for City of London, a 
Dir. of Bk. of Eiigld., Comrnissr. of Pub. Works 
Loans, and partner in same firms with his bro. the 
present Bn., late an M.P. : b. 1852, mar. 1881 Eveline 
Maude (Hon. Mrs. Evelyn H.), dau. of Sir Wynd- 
ham S. Portal, Bt., and sist. of the Lady Addington. 
Res., The Rookery, Down, Farnborough S.O., 
Kent ; Queen Anne's Mansns., Westmr., S.W. 
Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Mrs. George Barker, b. 
1856, mar. 1S88 Col. George B., R.E., C.B., q.v. 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur H. (Amy d'Esterre, dau. of the 
late Chas. H. Huntly, Esq., C.M.G.), mar. 18S1 the 
late Hon. Arthur Gellibrand H. (d. 189S). Res., 
Bel wyn Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea S.O., Kent. 

ADEANE, Lady Edith Isabella, dau. of 11th 
E. of Carnwath. 

ADELAIDE, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Nutter Thomas, M.A., 4th Bp., late Rect. of 
Guisbrough, formerly Resid. Chapl. to Abp. of 
York: ord. 1870, cons. 1906. Res., Bishop's Ct., 
North Adelaide, S. Australia. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., Leg. Adviser to Loc. Govt. 
Bd., late Assist. Sec. : b. 1845. Res., Mayfield, 
40 Elsworthy Rd., Primrose Hill Rd., N.W. 

ADRIAN, Frederick Obadtah, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Offr. of Arms to Ord. of SS. Mich, and Geo., 
and Clerk for Leg. Instruments at Colon. Off. : 
b. 1836. Res., 89 Queen's Rd., Sth. Hornsey, N. 

AD YE, Knight's Widow. Lady A.. (Mary 
Cordelia, dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Hon. Sir 
Mont. Stopford, K.C.B., son of 3rd E. of Cour- 
town),mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B., 
R.A., (d. igoo). Res., 92 St. George's Sq., S.W. 

ADYE, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1902), late R. A., 
Afghn. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5 (part as 
A.D.C. to Sir G. Wolseley), S. Africa 1899-1902, 
Gibraltar (Assist. Mil. Sec), now an A.A.G., late 
comdg. R.A. at Mauritius : b. 1857. 

AFELECK, Baronet. Sir Robert Affleck, 7th 
Bt. {Gt. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. W. Suffolk 
Militia : son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. 
1886 Julia Georgina, dau. of Jno. S. Prince, 
Esq. Heir -pres., his bro. John de Linden (b. i860; 
2nd heir, next bro., Philip Burton, b. 1862). Club, 
Yorkshire (York). 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amir op. H.H. Sir 
Habib-UllaKhan,G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896): b. 1872. 

AFRICA ( EQUATORIAL), Bishops OF-see 
" Equat. Africa" and " Uganda." 

AGA KHAN, The. H.H. Sir Aga Sultan 
Muhammad Shah, G.C.I.E. (1902; K.C.I.E. 1898), 
spiritual head of the Khoja Community of W. 
India, a direct descendant of the prophet 
Mohammed, is a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, was 
granted title of Highness 1886. Res., Aga Hall, 
Bombay. 

AGAR, family name of Normanton Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies" and " Hons." Agar-Ellis was, j 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden 
Viscounty (now Agar-Robartes). The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, Esq., 
of Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733) . 
AGHADOE, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 
AGLIONBY, Col. Arthur (Sisson), C.B. (Mil. 
1868), Mutiny and Abyss., now retired ; assumed 
surname in lieu of Cooper 1885 : b. 1832. Res., ! 
Staffield Hall, Carlisle. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Great Stanhope Street. 
Sir William Agneiv, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1895), an M.P. 
1880-6 {L.), late Chmn. of Bradbury, Agnew, and I 
Co., printers, proprietors of Bunch, also late head of 
Thos. Agnew and Sons, art publishers : son of 
the late Thos. Agnew, Esq., of Manchester; b. 
1825, widower. Heir, his son George William, 



AG-N Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. AIL 103 



M.P. for Salford W., L. (b. 1852; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John Stuart, b. 1879). Res., 11 Gt. 
Stanhope St., Mayfair, W. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Lochnaio. Sir Andrew 
Noel Agnew, 9th Bt. (Scot. 1629), LL.B.,barrister- 
at-law, late an M.P. (L.U.), a D.L. and Vice- 
Lieut, of Wigtownsh., Capt. 1st Ayrsh. and 
Galloway Vol. Artill. : son of 8th Bt., b. 1850, 
sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, dau. of the late 
Hon. Gowran C. Vernon and granddau. of 1st 
Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his bro. Henry de 
Courcy (b. 1851; 2nd heir, next bro., Maj. 
Charles Hamlyn A., b. 1859). Seat, Lochnaw 
Castle, Stranraer, Wigtownsh: town res., 21 
Abingdon St., Westmr., S."W. 

AGNEW, Knight. Sir Stair Andrew Agnew, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), M.A., advocate, Regist.-Gen. 
for Scotld., formerly Lieut. 9th Regt.: uncle of 
Sir Andrew N. Agnew, 9th Bt. of Lochnaw ; 
b. 1831, mar. 1870 Georgina, dau. of the late 
Geo. M. Nisbett, Esq. Res., 22 Buckingham 
Terr., Edinburgh. 

AGNEW, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg. -Gen. Fawcus, I.M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Bach., formerly 
acting Judge of Calcutta HighCt. (d. 1903). Res., 
33 Abingdon Ct., Marloes Rd., Kens., W. 

AGNEW, Maj. Quentin Graham Kinnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903),D.S.0. (1902), Manches- 
ter Regt. retd. ; Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C., Tirah 
1897-8, and S. Africa 1899-1902, late Assist. Mil. 
Sec. at Gibraltar, is a memb. of Hon. Corps. 
Gentn. at Arms: b. 1861 (3rd bro. of Sir Andrew 
Agnew, Bt.). 

AHMAD-bin-FADTHL, Sultan Sir, K.C.S.I. 
(1901), of Lahej (as residence only). 

AHMAD KHAN— see " Janjira." 

AILESBURY, Marquess op. Henry 
Augustus Brudenell-Bruce, 5th Marq. (U.K.) and 
a Bt., formerly Capt. 9th Regt. and Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Wilts. Regt. (Mil.), an M.P. 1886-92 (asLd. 
H. Brudenell-Bruce) : son of 3rd M. and uncle of 
4th, whose father, George John B. -B., Esq., elder 
bro. of present Peer, died untitled (1868) before 
the succession of their father as 3rd Marquess ; b. 
April 11, 1842; sue. 1894 (C); mar. 1870 the late 
Georgiana Sophia Maria, dau. of G. H. Pinckney, 
Esq. (she died 1902). Seats, Savernake Forest, 
Marlborough, Wilts. ; Villa Marbella, Biarritz. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. 1611 ; Bn. Brudenell, 1628 ; 
E. of Cardigan, 1661. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bruce of Tottenham, 
1746 ; E. of Ailesbury, 1776. U.K. : M. of Ailesbury, 
Earl Bruce, and Vise. Savernake, 1821.— The 2nd E. of 
Elgin was granted the English Earldom of Ailesbury for 
his devotion to the two Charleses. It became extinct in 
1747 on the death of the 3rd Earl, but was revived to 
his nephew, whose son, the 2nd Earl by the new creation, 
was elevated to the Marquessate. The name Bruce 
was assumed by the 1st Earl of this later creation. The 
Barony of Brudenell was conferred upon Sir Thos. 
Brudenell, 1st Bt., and later on his devotion to the 
Royalist side was rewarded with the Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the 1st Earl of Ailesbury had been 
imprisoned) : the two titles came into the Ailesbury 
line under the 2nd Marq. in i863. The 3rd Earl 
under the older creation had been given the Bruce 
of Tottenham Barony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
whom it eventually came back to the Ailesbury line ; 
but the Tottenham Park which gave this title its name 
is in Wiltshire immediately adjoining the above Saver- 
nake Forest. The Bruce Castle of the London suburb of 
Tottenham has thus no connection whatever with this 
line ; in default, however, it can claim to be linked with 
the illustrious name of "the Bruce of Bannockburn." 
Robert de Brus, as he is termed in the 'History 
of Tottenham,' the grandfather of the great Robert, and 
a descendant of David, Earl of Huntingdon, was allotted 
that portion of the parish of Tottenham then termed the 
Manor of Bruses. His eldest son, Robert, styled in 
right of his wife Earl of Carrick, on returning from the 



Crusades, settled at the Manor House ; but his warrior 
son, the 3rd Robert, on revolting from England, had all 
his English lands seized by Edward II. The Crown, 
however, from time to time made various grants of the 
estate, and in 1514 Henry VIII. consigned it to Sir Wm. 
Compton, an ancestor of the Northampton house. After- 
wards it was held by the Earl of Dorset, Lord Coleraine, 
and others, till in 1827 the famous Sir Rowland Hill 
converted it into a boarding-school. As such it remained 
till 1890, but is now used only as a house of refreshment 
in the public park passing under its name. An engrav- 
ing dated 1686 shows that it once possessed far more 
than at present of the genuine features of a " Castle." 

Titled Relatives. 

{Brudenell-Bruce.) 

Issue of present ($th) 31. : 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Georgiana, now Lady 
E. Hunt, b. 1871, mar. 1898 Harry Brady H., Esq. 
Res., Ballyleun, Kildysart, Ennis, Co. Clare. 

Earl of Cardigan, heir to Marquessate : George 
William James Chaudos B.-B., D.S.O. (1900-1), a 
C.C. for Wilts., Capt. Middx. Irnper. Yeom., late 
Maj. Roy. AVilts., was in Army Transpt. Serv. in 
S. Africa 1900 : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Caroline Sydney 
Anne, dau. of the late Jno. Madden, Esq., and Lady 
Caroline Madden (sist. of 4th E. of Leitrim). Res., 
The Manor, Tockiugton S.O., Glos. Issue : 

Vise. Savernake, 2nd heir : Chandos Sydney 

Cedric B.-B., b. 1904. 
Lady Ursula Daphne B.-B., b. 1905. 

Lady Violet Louisa Marjory B.-B., b. 1880. 

Sist. oj 4th 31. (niece of present ; granted rank of 
Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
(The laie 4th Marquess, b. 1863, d. childless 1894.) 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 
1866, mar. 1892 Robt. Standish S., Esq. Res., 
Elston, Shrewton, Wilts. 
—For Adeline, Ctss. of Cardigan see " Cardigan, 
Earl's Widow," her husb.'s title having been that 
of a distinct Peer. 

Surviving issue of yd 31. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1842.) 

Lord Robert Thomas B.-B., Com. R.N. retired, b. 

1845, mar. 1S78 Emma, dau. of the late Capel H. 

Leigh, Esq. (Lady Robt. B.-B.). Res., Stamford 

Lodge, Hayling I., Hants. ; 35 Onslow Gdns., 

S. Kens., S.W. 
Lady Ernestine Mary, now Ctss. of Listowel, b. 1847, 

mar. 1865 3rd Earl of L., q.v. 
Lord Charles Frederick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 

Wilts., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. Roy. Wilts. 

Yeom. : b. 1849, mar. 1873 Margaret, dau. of the 

late Jas. Renshaw, Esq. (Lady Frederick B.-B.). 

Res., 11 Gloucester Terr., Re^. Pk., N.W. 

AILESBURY, Marquess's Widow (remrrd.). 
Marchioness op A. (Dorothy Julia, dau. of the 
late Thos. Haseley, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, 4th M. 
of Ailesbury (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1901, David W. 
Webster, Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Res., 
Belle Vue House, Arbroath, Forfarsh. 

AILSA, Marquess of. Archibald Kennedy, 
3rd Marq. (U.K)., E. of Cassillis (Scot.) ; LL.D., 
a D.L. for Ayrsh. and Hon. Com. Clyde Div. 
Nav. Vol. Res., formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds. : 
son of 2nd M. ; b. Sept. 1, 1847; sue. 1870 (G.) ; 
mar., 1st, 1871, the late Hon. Evelyn Stuart, dau. 
of 12th Bn. Blantyre (she died 1888) ; 2ndly, 
1891, Isabella, dau. of the late Hugh M'Master, 
Esq., of N.W. Provs. India. Seats, Culzean 
Castle and Cassillis House, Maybole, Ayrsh. ; 
Newark Castle, Ayr ; town res., 65 Lancaster 
Gt., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 1452 ; E. of Cassillis, 
1509. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, 1806 ; M. of Ailsa, i83i.--The 1st 
Ld. Kennedy was son of the Bishop of St. Andrews, a 
great Scottish statesman, and was one of the six Regents 
during the minority of J ames III. ; the 3rd Ld. was made 
E. of Cassillis. The 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objecting to 
the marriage of Mary Stuart with the Dauphin. The 
12th Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Marquessate. 



io 4 All* 



Titled Relatives. 
(Kennedy.) 
Issue of present (3rd) M. : 

By 1ST MRROE. 

Earl of Cassil lis (pron, like Castles), heir to Mar- 
quessafce: Archibald K., a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate in Scotld., served in S. Africa 1900-2, 
is Capt. 3rd Batt. Koy. Scots Fus. (Mil.): b. 1875, 
mar. 1903 Frances Emily, dau. of Sir Mark J. 
MacTaggart Stewart, 1st Bt., M.P. lies., 1 Moray 
PL, Edinburgh. 

Lord Charles K., 2nd heir, formerly Lieut, in pre- 
ceding Batt., served in 8. Africa 1900-1 as Capt. Pr. 
of Wales's Lt. Horse : b. 1375. 

The late Lady Evelyn K., b. 1876, d. 1886. 

Lady Aline, now Lady A. Browne, b. 1877, mar. 1901 
Hon. John E. Deane B., only son and heir of 4th 
Bn. Kilmaine, q.v. 

Lord Angus K., b. 1882. 

By 2ND MRRGE. 

Lord Hugh K., b. 1893. 
Lady Marjory K., b. 1898. 
Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1847.) 

Lady Julia Alice, now Lady J. Follett, b. 1849, mar. 
1869 Col. Robt. W. Webb F., son of the late 
Sir Wm. Follett. Res., Woodside, Old Windsor. 
Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, 
mar. 1885 Capt. Arthur Henderson Y., C.M.G., q.v. 
Lord Alexander K., late Alaj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Maj. 1st Batt. of 
same Regt., served in Egypt and Soudan : b. 1853, 
mar. 1881 Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. T. Gor- 
don, Esq. (Lady Alexander K.). Res., Brockhill, 
Bracknell, Berks. 
Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. Favjlces, b. 
l8 SS> mar. 1891 Col. Lionel Grimston F., late R.A. 
Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady John K. (Mary Adelaide, dau. of the late Col. 
Alex. Learmonth, M.P.), mar. 1890 the late Lord 
John K. (d. 189s). Res., 15 Culford Mansns., Culfd. 
Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
Widow of a grandson of 1st M. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1816, d. 1870.) 
Lady David K. (prev. Lady Mary Emily Vere, nde 
Boyle, sist. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery and widow 
of Wm. E. Hope V., Esq., granted rank of an Earl's 
dau., as her late husb. was granted that of a Marq.'s 
son), b. 1834, mar. 1873 2nd husb., the late Lord 
David K. (d. 1005), son of the Earl of Cassillis. Res. 
93 Queen's Gt. S.W. 
AINSWORTH, John, C.M.G. (1900), F.R.G.S., 
late Vice-Cons, for Brit. E. Africa and Sub- 
Commissr. for Prov. of Ukamba : b. 1864. Hes., 
Willowdene, Urmston, Manchester. 

ALNSWORTH, Capt. William John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Durham L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
now on Gen. Staff at Hdqrs.: b. 1873. Address, 
c/o Messrs. Holt and Co., Whitehall PL, S.W. 

AIRD, Baronet. Sir John A ird, 1st Bt. ( U. K. 
1901), V.D., a Lieut, for the City of London, late 
an M.P. (C), el. 1st Mayor of Paddington 
Borough (1900) and re-el. 1901, Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. Engr. and Rail. Staff Corps, a partner in 
Jno. Aird and Co., contractors : son of Jno. Aird, 
Esq., of Gt. Cumberld. PI. ; b. 1833, mar. 1855 
Sarah, dau. of Benj. Smith, Esq., of Lewisham. 
Heir, his son John (b. 1861, Maj. of Vols. ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son John Renton, b. 1898). Seat, 
Wilton Pk., Beaconsfield S.O., Bucks. ; town res., 
14 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. 

AIREY, Col. Henry Park, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
D.S.O. (1888), N.S.W. Permt. Artill. ; Soudan 
1885, Burma 1886-8, and comd. N.S.W. Mtd. 
Inf. in S. Africa igoo-i : b. 1844. yAddress, 
Victoria Barracks, Sydney. 

AIRLIE, Earl of. David Lyulph Gore 
Wolseley Ogilvy, gth Earl (Scot.), a minor: 
son of 8th E. ; b. July 18, 1893 ; sue. 1900. Seats, 



AIT 



Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., and Tulchan Lodge, 
Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth S.O. ; Cortachy 
Castle, Kirriemuir, Forfarsh. ; Auehterhouse, 
Dundee. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Ogilvy of Airlie, 1491; E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen, 1639. " Ld. 
Ogilvy" is the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 
1st Lord Ogilvy was Ambassador to Denmark ; his grand- 
father bad been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th 
Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number 
who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
' Burke ' and ' Foster ' ('Lodge ') in regarding the present 
Peer as the 9th, but some term him the nth or 12th, 
'Debrett' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder son of the 3rd E., the 
latter that of the elder son and grandson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom 
we accept as the gth, were considered during their 
lifetime as also legally excluded, and this certainly gives 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the 6th E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of 
the two attainders, it may be added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1715, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at Culloden. 
Titled Relatives. 
(Ogilvy.) 

Issue of 8th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Kitty Edith Blanche, now Lady K. Vincent, 

b. 1887, mar. 1906 Capt. Berkeley V. 
Lady Helen Alice Wyllington 0., b. 1890. 
Lady Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley 0., b. 1892. 
(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Arthur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, b. 1895. (2nd heir, the following.) 

Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., b. 1896. 
Issue of 7th E. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hozier, 
b. 1852, mar. 1878 Col. Sir Henry Mont. H., K.C.B., 
q.v. 

Lady Clementine Gertrude Helen, now the Lady 
Redesdale, b. 1854, mar. 1874 Alg. B. Freeman- 
Mitford, Esq., C.V.O., now 1st Bn. Redesdale, q.v. 

(The late 8th Earl, b. 1856, d. 1900. ) 

Lady Maude Josepha, now Lady M. Whyte, b.i8s9,mar. 
1886 the late Theodore W., Esq. (d. 1903). Res., 
Bideford, Devon. 

Hon. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley 0., D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Capt. Brabant's Horse in S. Africa (1900-1), 
has been an agriculturist in Western America: 
b. 1861, mar. 1902 Edith Boothroyd, of Colorado. 

Lady Griselda Johanna Helen, now Lady G. Cheape, 
b. 1S65, mar. 1897 James C, Esq. Res., Strathtyrum, 
St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1826, d. 1881.) 
Hon. William Henry Bruce 0., formerly Lieut. 26th 
Foot and Capt. Black Watch (Mil.), b. 1840, widower. 

AIRLIE, Earls' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Countess of A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanley, dau. of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. 1830, mar. 1851 7th E. of Airlie (d. 1881). 
Hes., Airlie Castle, Eorfarsh., Alyth S.O. ; 3 
Halkin PL, West Halkin St., S.W.— (2) Countess 
of A., nee Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth Gore, 
dau. of 5th E. of Arran, b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th 
E. of Airlie (killed at Diamond Hill, S. Africa, 
1900) ; is a Lady of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. 
the Princess of Wales. Hes., with present Earl 
(except at Airlie Castle) . 

AITCHISON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox, Esq.), 
mar. 1863 Sir Chas. U. Aitchison, K.C.S.I. (d. 
1896). Hes., St. Christopher's, 100 Banbury Rd., 
Oxford. 

AITCHISON, Gen. Charles Terrington, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. retd. (1889); S. Mahratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Hes., 14 Redcliffe 
Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 



Director?/ of Peerage, 



AIT Baronetage, Knightage, &c. ALD 105 



AITHEIE, Viscount {Scot. 1703)— see "Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AITKEN, Col. William, C.B. (Mil. 1896), 
E.A. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-80, Mahsud Waziri, 
Burma 1885-7, Chitral Belief, N. W. Front. 1897-8, 
was A.D.C. to late Queen: b. 1846. Bes., 
Innergellie, Anstruther, Fifesh. 

AIYANGAB, Sir Vembakam Bhasiiyam, Dlwan 
Bahadur, Kt. Bach. (1900), CLE. (1895), B.A., 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy, late a Judge of the 
High Ct. of Madras, has been Prof, of Law in 
Madras Pres. Coll., now Pres. of Faculty of Law 
in the local Univ. (title Diwan Bah. personal) : b. 
1844. Bes., Lakshmi Villas, Mylapore, Madras. 

AIYAB, Sir Subbaiyak Subbamaniya, Diwan 
Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1900), a Judge of High Ct. of 
Madras, formerly an M.L.C., received personal 
title of Diwan Bahadur. Bes., Madras. 

"A J AIGABH, the Mahab a ja of. H.H. Su-Sawai 
Eanjoe Singh, Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1897), a Puling 
Chief: b. 1852. Bes.. Ajaigarh, Bundelkhand. 

AJUDHYA, the Mahabaja of. H.H. Sir 
Paetab Naeayan Singh, K.C.I.E. (1895), an 
M.L.C. of N.W. Provs. Bes., Allahabad. 

AKEBMAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Emma Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Brumby, Esq.), 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. W. Akerman, 
K.C.M.G., late Speaker of Leg. Counc. Natal 
(d. 1905). Bes., Fairlight, "Oxbridge Ed., Ealing, 

ALABASTER, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Laura, dau. of Dr. D. J. Macgowan, of New 
York), mar. 1875 Sir ChalonerAlabaster.K.C.M.G., 
Cons.-Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Bes., Dilaram, 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

ALBANY, Duke of — see Eoyal Family. 

ALBEMAELE, Eael of. Aenold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), A.D.C. to the King for 
Vols., a D.L. for Norfolk, served in S. Africa 
1900 in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.V., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. Vol. 
Eifles, now Hon. Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Norf. 
Eegt., an M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : son 
of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858; sue. 1894 (C); 
mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
2nd Bn. (now 1st Earl) Egerton of"Tatton. Seat, 
Qnidenham Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk {let) ; 
town res., 5 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Creation. B. of Albemarle, Vise. Bury, and Bn. 
Ashford, Eng. 1696.— The 1st Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
was a member of the nobility of Holland who had 
accompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
Albemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Keppel.) 
Issue of present (8th) E.: 

Vise. Bury, heir to Earldom: Walter Egerton 
George Lucian K., Lieut. Scots Gds., A.D.C. to 
Earl Grey in Canada ; b. 1882. 
Hon. Arnold Joost William K., 2nd heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek if., 2nd Lieut. Coldstrm. 

Gds., b. 1886. 
Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude K., b. 1890. 
Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K., b. 1898. 
Surviving issue <f 7th E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Eaul, b. 1858.) 

Lady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 
1887 Col. W. Leslie D., C.B., R.A., q.v. 

Hon. Derek William George K., C.M.G. (1901), 
CLE. (1906), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), V.D., late 
Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 12th Middx. (Civ. Serv.) 
Vols., is an Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of 
Wales, formerly a C.E. : b. 1863, mar. 1898 Hon. 
Bridget Louisa Harbord (Hon. Mrs. Derek K.), 
dau. of 5th Bn. Suffield. Res., 10 Buckingham 
Gt., S.W. 



Lady Hilda Mary K., bi 1864. Bes., 53 Lowndes Sq., 

Hon. George K. , formerly Lieut. Gordon Highlanders, 

now of Norfolk Artil. Mil. (reappd.) : b. 1865, mar. 

1891 Alice Frederica, dau. of the late Adm. Sir Wm. 

Edmonstone, 4th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. George K.). 

Res., 30 Portman Sq., W. 
Lady Leopoldina Olivia K., a nun of the Sacred 

Heart, b. 1866. 
Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Townley, b. 1868, mar. 

1896 Walter Beaupre T., Esq., of the Embassy, 

Washington. 

Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F. Boyle, b. 1871, 
mar. 1902 Lieut. Wm. H. Dudley B., R.N., gt. 
grandson of 2nd E. of Cork. Res., 10 Victoria Sq., 
S.W. 

Dau. of 6th E. (aunt of present): 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1832, d. 1894.) 
Lady Louisa, now Lady L. Charteris, b. 1836, mar. 

1864 the late Capt, Hon. Fredk. Wm. G. (d. 1887), son 

of 8th E. of Wemyss. 

ALBEMAELE, Eael's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Sophia, dau. of Hon. Sir Allan 
N. MacNab, 1st and last Bt., Prem. of Canada), 
mar. 1855 7th E. of Albemarle (d. 1894). Bes., 53 
Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

ALCOCK, Lt.-Col. Alfeed William, CLE. 
(1903), M.B.,LL.D., F.E.S.,F.G.S.,I.M.S., Supt. 
of Indian Museum, and Prof, of Zoology in 
Med. Coll., Calcutta: b. 1859. Bes., ind. Mus., 
Calcutta. 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALDENBUEG, Count— see « ' Bentinck. " 

ALDENHAM, Baeon. Heney Hucks Gills, 
1st Bn. {U.K.), M.A., F.S.A., F.E.G.S., sen. 
partner in Antony Gibbs and Sons, bankers and 
merchants ; a Lieut, for City of London, a Dir. 
of Bk. of England 1853-1901 (Gov. 1875-7) a 
Trustee of Nat. Portr. Gall., and memb. of House 
of Laymen, an M.P. 1891-2, High Sheriff of 
Herts. 1884 : son of the late Geo. H. Gibbs, Esq. ; 
b. Aug. 31, 1819; cr. Bn. 1896 (C); mar. 1845 
the late Louisa Anne, dau. of Wm. Adams, Esq., 
LL.D. (she died 1897). Seat, Aldenham House, 
Elstree S.O., Herts.; town tes., St. Dunstan's, 
Outer Circle, Eegent's Pk., N.W. 

Creation. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896. 

Issue. 
(Qibbs.) 

Hon. Alban George Henry 67., M.A., heir to 
Barony, late an M.P. (C), of the merchant firm 
of Antony Gibbs and Sons, and a bank and in- 
surance director, Lieut, for City of London: b. 
1846, widower. Res., Clifton Hampden, Oxon, 
nr. Abingdon ; 82 Portland PI., W. (2nd heir, 
his son Gerald Henry Beresford, b. 1879, mar. 1905 
Lillie Caroline, dau. of the Rev. W. T. Houlds- 
worth. ) 

Hon. Edith Caroline G., b. 1848. 

The deceased Walter Antony G. , b. 1850, d. 1858. 

Hon. Vicary 67., B.A., barrister-at-law, a partner in 

same firm with his father and elder bro., and a 

dir. of banking and insurance cos., late an M.P. 

( C. ) ; b. 1853. Res. , with his father. 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne G., M.A., also a partner in 

above firm, a Commissr. of Pub. Works Loans and 

of Inc. Tax : b. 1854, mar. 1885 Anna Maria, dau. 

of the late Richd. Durant, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Herbert 67.). Res., 9 Portman Sq., W. 
Rev. the Hon. Kenneth Francis 67., M.A., F.S.A., 

Rur. Dean of Watford and Hon. Canon of St. 

Albans and Chapl. to the Bp. : b. 1856, mar. 1894 

Mabel Alice, dau. of Chas. E. Barnett, Esq. (Hon. 

Mrs. Kenneth G.). Res., Aldenham Vie., Elstree 

S.O., Herts. 

Hon. Henry Lloyd G., another partner with the 
above, and Lieut, for City of London : b. 1861, 
mar. 1887 Alice Mary, dau. of the late Gen. Chas. 
Crutchley (Hon. Mrs. Henry G.). Res., Manor 
House, Elstree S.O., Herts. ; 10 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 



io6 ALD 



Directory of Peerage, 



ALL 



ALDERSON, Knight (i). Sir Charles Henry 
Alderson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), barrister-at-law, 
late Chief Charity Commissr. , formerly Sen. Insp. 
of Schools : b, 1831 (a cousin of following and son 
of Baron Alderson). Res., 40 Beaufort Gdns., 
BromptonEd..S.W. ' 

ALDERSON, Knight (2). Maj. - Gen. 
Sir Henry James Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1891), 
Col. Comdt. E.A., served in Crimea, late Pres. of 
Ordnance Cmttee. : b. 1834, mar. 1877 Florence, 
dau. of his relative Bn. Alderson (Excheq. Ct.), 
and sist. of the late Mchss. of Salisbury. Res., 
Oakneld, Bracknell, Berks.; 6 Hyde Park St., W. 

ALDERSON, Brig.-Gen. Edwin Alfred Her- 
vey, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Transvaal 1881, Egypt, 
Soudan 1884-5, Mashonald., Boer War 1899-1901, 
now comdg. 2nd Inf. Brigade at Aldershot, is 
an A.D.C. to H.M.: b. 1859. Ees., Blackdown 
House, Farnborough, Hants. 

ALDRICH, Vice-Adm. Pelham, C.V.O. (1902), 
served in ' Challenger ' and ' Alert,' and has been 
Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. Dockyd.: b. 1844. Res., 
The Croft, Gt. Bealings, Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALDRIDGE, Maj. John Barttelot, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.H.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1871. 

ALDWORTH, Lady Mary Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDER, family name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for "Hons.," also below (and for Lady 
Emily). 

ALEXANDER, Archbishop— see "Armagh." 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1886), B.A., 
formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Fus. (Mil.) : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1899, mar - 1896, 2nd 
wife (having divorced 1st), Rachel Belasyse, dau. 
of Rev. Hy. Holden, D.D. Heir, his son Wilfred 
Archibald (b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, 
b. 1897). Seats, Ballochmyle, Mauchline, Ayrsh.; 
Faygate Wood, Horsham, Sussex. 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
Cecil William Alexander, 6th Bt. (U.K. 1809), 
2nd Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 5th Bt., b. 1885, 
sue. 1896. No heir. Seat, Kentstown, Co. Meath 
(no post-town given). 

*** The Earls of Caledon are a branch of this house. 

ALEXANDER, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dow- 
ager Lady A. of Ballochmyle (Eliza, dau. of the 
late Alex. Speirs, Esq.), mar. 1863 Maj .-Gen. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 1st Bt. (d. 1899), Res., 24 
Old Oueen St., W.— (2) Kathleen, Lady A. of 
Dublin (Mary Kathleen, dau. of Rev. Jno. 
Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. W. 
Alexander, 4th Bt. (d. 1888). — (3) Lady A. of 
Dublin, remrrd. (Edith, dau. of the late Geo. F. H. 
La Fargue, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, Sir Wm. Ferd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Rev. 
Fredk. W. Thurlow — retaining title by right. 
Res., 6 Morpeth Mansns., Westmr., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (subst. 
for "Vise. Caledon"). 

ALEXANDER, Col. Aubrey de Vere, D.S.O. 
C1903), LA., Afghn. 1879-80, and China 1900: b. 
1849. Address, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., 16 
Charing Cross, S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 
1st Bn. Cottesloe. 

ALEXANDER, Maj. Dudley Henry, C.M.G. 
(1904), late W. Yorks. Regt., Priv. Sec. to late 
Gov. of New Zealand : b. 1863. Club, U. Serv. 



ALEXANDER, Capt. Edward Currie, D.S.O. 
(1902), I. A., Tirah 1897-8, Mahsud Waziri 1902, 
and other Ind. operations : b. 1875. 

ALEXANDER, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
rine, dau. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDER, Col. Harvey, D.S.O. (1900-1 ), 
late comdg. 10th Hussars, aftds. D.A.A.G. at 
Guernsey; S. Africa 1899-1901. ret. 1906 : b. 1859. 

ALFORD, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). Lady 
A. (Jane Eliza Helen Nathalie, dau. of the -late 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Shand), mar., 1st, 1886, Sir Edwd. 
Fleet Alford (d. 1905), son of the late Bp. Alford 
of Hong Kong ; 2ndly, 1906, Edwd. R. Burdon, 
Esq., F.L.S., son of Rt. Rev. Bp. Burdon— 
retaining title by courtesy. Res., 26 The Boltons, 
S. Kens., S.W. 

ALFORD, Viscount (U.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brownlow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. George 
Thorneloe, D.C.L., 3rd Bp., Canon of Quebec 
1888-96: b. 1848, mar. 1874, cons. 1897. Res., 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

ALINGTON (pron. all-) Baron. Humphrey 
Napier Start, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), C.V.O. (1905), a 

D. L. and C.C. for Dorset, an M.P. 1891-1904, 
formerly Lieut. Dorset Yeom. : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 (C.) ; mar. 1883 Lady 
Feodorowna Yorke, Order of Mercy, dau. of 5th 

E. of Hardwicke. Seat, Crichel, Wimborne, 
Dorset; town res., 38 Portman Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
former Peerage— Irel. 1642-1723 ; Eng. 1682-91). 

Titled Relatives. 
(Sturt.) 

Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Diana Isabel S., b. 1384. 

The deceased Salvia S., b. & d. 1886. 

Hon. Gerard Philip Montagu Napier S., heir to 
Barony, b. 1893. 

Hon. Napier George Henry S., 2nd heir, b. 1896. 

A deceased dau., b. & d. 1899. 

Hon. Lois S., b. 1900. 

A deceased son, b. & d. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sis's. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Winifred Selina, now Bon. Lady Hardinge, 
a Bedchamber Woman to H.M. Queen Alexandra : 
b. 1868, mar. 1890 Pvt. Hon. Sir Chas. H„ G.C.M.G., 
see Hardinge, P.C. 

Hon. Mildred Cecilia Harriet, now Vctss. Chelsea, b. 
1369, mar. 1892 Vise. C, son and heir of 5th Earl 
Cadogan, q.v. 

ALINGTON, Baron's Widow. Evelyn, Lady 
A. (Evelyn Henrietta, dau. of the late Hy. 
Blundell Leigh, Esq.), a memb. of League of 
Mercy, mar. 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. Alington 
(d. 1904). Res., Alington House, Sth. Audley 
St.,W. 

ALINGTON, Hon. Mrs. Cyril, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lyttelton, see " Cobham." 

ALISON, Baronet. Gen. Sir Archibald 
Alison, 2nd. Bt. (U.K. 1852), G.C.B. (Mil. 1887), 
LL.D., served in Crimea, Mutiny fas Mil. Sec. 
to Lord Clyde), Ashanti, and Egypt (comd. Army 
of Occupation 1882-3), also as A.G. to the Forces, 
Ch. of Intell. Dept. at Headquarters, and Comdt. 
at Aldershot 1883-8, ret. 1893; is Col. Sea- 
forth Highldrs., late a Memb. of Counc. of 
Sec. of State for India: son of 1st Bt. (the 
historian) , b. 1826, sue. 1867, mar. 1858 Jane, dau. 
of the late Jas. Black, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. 
Archibald A. (b. 1862; 2nd heir, latter's son 
Archibald, b. 1888). Res., 93 Eaton PL, S.W. 

ALLAN, Knight. Sir (Hugh) Montagu Allan, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), of Montreal, Head of the 



ALL 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



ALL 107 



"Allan" Line of Steamships and Dir. of several 
trading 1 Cos. : b. i860, mar. 1893 Marguerite 
: Ethel, dau. of the late Hector Mackenzie, Esq., 
of Montreal. -i?es.,Eavenscrag, Montreal; Mont- 
rose, Cacouna, Quebec. 
ALLAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 
> dau. of Walter Beattie, Esq.), mar. 1870 Sir 
: ¥m. Allan, Kt. Bach., M.P. (d. 1903). Ees., 
< Scotland House, Sunderland. 
; ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
: Spencer Moreton Havelock- Allan, 2nd Bt, (U.K. 
1858) , a D.L. for Durham, Capt. 3rd Batt. Durham 
L.I. (Mil.) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1872, sue. 1897, 
mar. 1903 Edith, dau. of the late T. C. J. Sowerby, 
Esq.. Heir pres., his bro. Allan (b. 1874; 2nd 
heir, latter' s son Henry Ealph Moreton, b. 1899). 
Seat, Blackwell Grange, Darlington. 

*** The renowned Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Havelock, 
K.C.B. — who, in conjunction with Gen. SirChas. Outram, 
effected the first relief of Lucknow and then held it 
under unparalleled difficulties until himself relieved by 
Sir Colin Campbell— was designated for a Baronet, but 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art.), who 
assumed the additional name of Allan 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet's Widow. 
Lady Alice H.-A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Ducie, b. 1843, mar. 1865 Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry 
M. Havelock-Allan, 1st Bt., G.C.B., W, M.P., 
killed by the Afridis, 1897. Ees., 8 Hertford St., 
Mayfair, W. 

ALLANSON and WINN, Baron (Irel. 1797)— 
see "Headley, Bn." 

ALLAEDYCE, Hon. William Lamond, C.M.G. 
(1902), -late Beceiver Gen. and Assist. Colon. Sec. 
of Eiji, now Gov. of the Falkland Is. : b. 1861. 
Ees., Govt. House, Port Stanley, Falkland Islds. 

ALLASON (BANNATINE-), Col. Eichard, 
C.B. (Mil. 1904), E.H.A. ; Afghn. 1879-80, 
Soudan, and S. Africa 1899-1902, now comdg. 
Potchefstroom Sub-Dist. as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 
1855. Ees., Potchefstroom. 

ALLCAED, Capt. Herbert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 

E. A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1876. 
ALLDBIDGE, Thomas Joshua, I.S.O. (1905), 

F. E.G.S., F.Z.S., Hon. Corresp. Sec. of Eoy. 
Colon. Inst., late a Dist. Commissr. in Sierra 
Leone: b. 1847. Ees., Godalming. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Marian, dau. of Eev. Wm. B. Boyce), mar. 1851 
Sir Geo. W. Allen, K.C.M.G., Speaker Leg. 
Assem. N.S.W, (d. 1885). Ees., Toxteth Pk., 
Sydney.— (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of the late 
Eev. J. F. Turner), mar. 1876 Sir Geo. Wm. Allen, 
K.C.I.E. (d. 1900). Ees., Free Chase, Haywards 
Heath, Sussex ; 5 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

ALLEN, Benjamin, I.S.O. (1903), Chief Clk., 
Public Works Loan Board : b. 1845. Ees., The 
Lees, Sidcup, Kent. 

ALLEN, George Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), Sec. 
to Treas. Dept. of Commonwealth of Australia : 
b. 1852. 

ALLEN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of the late 
Bn. Hood of Avalon. 

ALLEN, Maj.-Gen. Ealph Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. ; Bechuanaland 
1884-5, and S. Africa 1899-1901, late A.A.G. at 
Headqrs. : b. 1846. Ees., 10 Hanover Sq., W. 

ALLEN, Lt.-Col. Eobert Franklin, D.S.O. 
(1904), E.E., Manipur 1891, Somalild. 1903-4: b. 
i860. 

ALLEN, Capt. William Lynn, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Border Eegt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. : 

ALLENBY, Col. Edmund Henry Hynman, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), late 5th Lancers; Bechuanald. i 



1884-5, Zululand 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now comdg. 4th Cav. Brigade (Colchester) : b. 
1861. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

ALLENBY, Capt. Eeginald Arthur, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1904), E.N., Egypt 1882, late Naval 
Attache for Germany, Holland, and. Denmark : 
• b. 1861. Club, U. Serv. 

ALLENDALE, Baron. Wentworth 
Blackett Beaumont, 1st Bn. [U.K.), a D.L. for 
Northumbd. and W. Bid., an M.P. 1852-85 : son 

of the late Thos. W. Beaumont, Esq. ; b. , 

1829; cr. Bn. 1906 (L.); mar., 1st, 1856, the late 
Lady Margaret de Burgh (d. 1888). dau. of 1st 
M. of Clanricarde; 2ndly, 1891, Edith Althea, 
dau. of Maj.-Gen. Hy. M. Hamilton and widow 
of Col. Sir Geo. P. Colley, K.C.S.I. Seats, 
BrettonPk., Wakefield; Dilston Hall, Corbridge 
S.O., Northumb. ; town res., 144 Piccadilly, W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allendale, 1906. 

Issue. 
(Beaumont.) 

Hon. Wentworth Canning Blackett B., heir to 
Barony, M.A., M.P. for Hexham Div. (L.), a D.L. 
for Northumbd., Hon. Maj. retd. (late Capt.) Roy. 
Welsh Fus. : b. i860, mar. 1889 Lady Alexandrina 
Louisa Maud Vane - Tempest, dau. of 5th M. of 
Londonderry. Res., Bywell Hall, Stocksfield S.O., 
Northumb. ; BrettonPk., Wakefield ; 25 St James's 
PL, S.W. 

ALLEETON (pron. all-), Baron. William 
Lawies Jackson, 1st Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 
1890, Irel. 1891), LL.D., F.E.S., formerly Chief 
Sec. for Ireland and Financ. Sec. to Treas., was 
Chmn. of S. African Cmttee. 1896, now Chmn. 
of G. N. Bail., late an M.P. , was Mayor of Leeds 
1895-6, formerly a tanner and leather merchant : 
son of the late Wm. Jackson, Esq. ; b. Feb. 16, 
1840 ; cr. Bn. 1902 (C.) ; mar. 1S60 the late Grace 
(d. 1901), dau. of Geo. Tempest, Esq. Seat, 
Allerton Hall, Chapel Allerton, Leeds ; town res., 
27 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1902. 

Issue. 
(Jackson.) 

Hon. George Herbert J., heir to Barony, b. 1867, 
mar. 1899 Katherine Louisa, dau. of Wm. W Wick- 
ham, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Jackson). Res., Walton 
House, Boston Spa, Yorks. (2nd heir, his son 
George William Lawies, b. 1903.) 
Hon. Francis Stanley J., B.A., late Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Roy. Lane. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900-2, is a well-known Yorkshire cricketer : b. 1870, 
mar. 1902 Daisy, dau. of Hy. Harrison- Broadley, 
Esq.. (Hon. Mrs. Francis J.). Club, Jun. Carlton. 
Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
Tinsley, mar. 1891, wid. 1900. Res., Allerton Hall, 
as above. 

Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George Harper, 

mar. 1893 Maj. Geo. Montague H., D.S.O., q.v. 
Hon. Evelyn Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Arth. Philip B., Esq., M.D. Res., 44 
Seymour St., Portman Sq., W. 
Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-Musgrave, mar. 

1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham Musgrave S.-M. 
Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Aubrey Brockle- 
bank, mar. 1898 Aubrey B., Esq.. grandson of 1st 
Bt. Res., West House, Hartford, Northwich, 
Cheshire. 

ALLEYNE, Baronet. Sir John Gay Newton 
Allet/ne,3r&Bt. ( Gt.Br. 1769),M.I.C.E.,M.I.M.E., 
Vice-Pres. Iron and Steel Inst, and a Co. Aid. for 
Derbysh., formerly Warden of Dulwich Coll. and 
Capt. 12th Derby Eifle Vols. : son of 2ndBt., b. 
1820, sue. 1870, mar. 1851 Augusta Isabella, dau. 
of Sir Hy. FitzHerbert, 3rd Bt. Heir, his son 
Eeynold Henry IS ewton (b. 1852 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John Meynell, b. 1889). Seat, Chevin, 
Belper, Derbysh. 

ALLFEEY, Hon. Mrs. Moubray, dau. of 17th 
Bn. Saye and Sele. 



io8 ALL 



Directory of Peerage, 



AMH 



ALLISON, Lady Diana, dau. of 14th E. of 
Eglinton and Winton. 

ALLIX, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 2nd Bn. 
Belper. 

ALLMAN, Eobert, C.M.G. (1901), L.R.C.P.I , 
late Princ. Med. Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin 
1897, Aro 1 9 01 ) : b- 1 854- Res., 2 Cowper Villas, 
Palmerston Pk., Dublin. 

ALLOA, Baron (Scot. 1489), a title of the Mar 
and Kellie Earldom, claimed also by the E. of Mar. 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." and one mrrd. " Lady." 

ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), Collector- 
Gen, of Customs, Excise, &c, in Jamaica. lies., 
Kingston. 

ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE op (Gt. Br. 
1784}— see "Northumberland, D. of." 

ALSTON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Emily Louise Caroline, dau. of Bridges Taylor, 
Esq.), mar. 1862 Sir Fras. B.Alston, K.C.M.G., 
late Ch. Clk. in For. Office (d. 1906). Res., 
6gEccleston Sq., S.W. 

ALT, Col. William John, C.B. (Civ. 1901), 
V.D., F.R.G.S., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
8th Vol. Batt. King's Roy. Eif. Corps : b. 1840. 
Res., 3 Airlie Gdns., Campden Hill Bd., W. 
Villa Aurelia, Rapallo, Liguria, Italy. 

ALTAMONT, Earl of (by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1771), eld. son and heir of Marq. of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Col. Edward "Altham (name 
doubled), C.B. (Mil. 1904), C.M.G. (1901), late 
Roy. Scots; Bechuanald. 1884-5 and Boer War 
1899-1900, now A.A.G. in Cape Dist. : b. 1856. 

ALTHORP, Viscount. Charles Robert 
Spencer, 6th Vise. (Gt. Br. ; 1st of new creation, 
U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892), V.D., M.A., Lord 
Chambn. of the Househd., formerly Vice- 
Chambn. and a Groom in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, is a 1).L. for Northants. and Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. 1st Vol. Batt. N'thants. Regt., 
late an M.P. : half-bro. and heir pres. to Earl 
Spencer; b. Oct. 30, 1857; cr. Vise. 1905 (L.); 
mar. 1887 Hon. Margaret Baring, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Revelstoke. Seat, Dallington House, North- 
ampton; town res., Stable Yard, St. James's 
Palace, and 28 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Vise. Althorp, Gt. Br. 1765 and U.K. 1905. 

Issue. 

{Spencer.) 

Hon. Adelaide Margaret S., b. i33q. 

Hon. Albert Edward John S., heir to Viscty. and 

2nd heir to Spencer Earldom : b. 1892. 
Hon. Cecil Edward Robert S., 2nd heir to Viscty., 

b. 1894. 

Hon. Lavinia Emily 5., b. 1895. 
Hon. George Charles S., b. 1903. 
Hon. Alexandra Margaret Elizabeth S., b. 1906. 

ALTMAN, Knight. Sir Albert Joseph 
Altman, Kt. Bach. (1894), a merchant, Lieut, and 
Common Councilman for City of London and 
Past Master of three City Cos.: b. 1839, mar. 1869 
Margaret Eliza, dau. of Thos. Vernon, Esq. Res., 
The Lodge, Watford. 

ALTON, Flt.-Paym. Francis Cooke, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), was Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 1898-1901 : 
b. 1856. Res., 37 St. Michael's Rd., Bedford. 

ALVERSTONE (pron. Alverston), Baron. 
Richard Everard Webster, 1st. Bn. (U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1900), G.C.M.G. (1893; 
Kt.Bach. 1885), M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., Lord Chief 
Justice of Engld., late Attorn.-Gen. (3rd time), 
appd. Q,.C. 1878. an M.P. 1885-1900, a memb. of 
Histor. MSS. Commssn. and a Gov. of the 
Charterhouse, a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 



was Brit. Counsel in the Arbitrations of Behring 
Sea 1893 and Venezuela 1898-9 : son of the late 
Thos. Webster, Esq., Q..C. ; b. Dec. 22, 1842; cr. a 
Bn. 1900 (C.) ; mar. 1872 the late Louisa Mary, 
dau. of Wm. C. Calthrop, Esq. (she died 1877). 
No heir. Seat, Winterf old, Cranleigh, Guildford ; 
town res., Hornton Lodge, Pitt St., Kens., W. 
Creations. U.K. ; A Bt. and Bn. Alverstone, 1900 
Issue. 
( Webster.) 

Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw Mellor, 
b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Shaw M., Esq. Res., 14 
Westbourne St., Paddington, W. 
The late Hon. Arthur Harold W., b. 1874, d. 1902, 
having mar. 1898 Gwladys Marie, dau. of Sir Fras. 
H. Evans, Bt., K.C.M.G., M.P. ; she re-married 
1905 as Mrs. Iain Ramsay, forfeiting title. 

AMAR SINGH, Gen. Raja Sir, K.C.S.I. (1891), 
Vice-Pres. of Kashmir State Counc, Com.-in-Ch. 
of Army, and in charge of Foreign and other 
State Depts., formerly Prime Min. : b. 1864. Res., 
The Mandi Palace, Jammu, and Shergarhi Palace, 
Srinagar — both Kashmir. 

AMBERLEY, Viscount (U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

AMHERST, family name of the following Earl- 
dom. Index to that line ( a .) and that of ' ' Amherst 
of Hackney" (a.h., I'yssen- Amherst), see below : 
Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Florentia, a. Ly. Margaret, a. 
Ly. Charlotte, a. Hn. Hugh, a. Hn. PercyArth.A. 
Hn. Florence, a.h. Hn. Marg. Mitf.A.H.Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AMHERST, Earl. William Archer Amherst, 
3rd Earl (U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, a Kt. of Jus- 
tice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1859-80 (as Vise. 
Holmesdale) and formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd E. ; b. March 26, 
1836; sue. 1886 (0.), having sat as Bn. Amherst 
from 1880 in his father's lifetime; mar., 1st, 1862, 
the late Lady Julia Mann Gornwallis (d. 1883), 
dau. of 5th and last Earl Cornwallis; 2ndly, 
1889, Alice, Ctss. of Lisbume (widow of 5th E. 
and sist. of widow of 6th), dau. of the late 
Edmd. Probyn, Esq. Seat, Montreal, Sevenoaks, 
Kent; town res., 3 Wilton Terr., Belgr. Sq., 
S.W. 

Creations. Bn. Amherst, Gt. Br. 1788 (orig. 1761): 
Earl Amherst and Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The 1st 
Baron was a Field-Marshal Com. -in-Chief of the British 
Army in N. America 1758-64, afterwards of the entire 
British Army ; was also a Knight of the Bath. His 
nephew, who succeeded under special remainder by 
a second patent, and who was Envoy to China and 
Viceroy of India, obtained the Earldom and Viscty. 
Titled Relatives. 
(Amherst.) 

Surviving issue of 2nd E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Kev. the Hon. Percy Arthur A., B.A., heir pres. to 

Earldom : b. 1839, widower. 
Lady Margaret Catherine A., b. 1848. Res., 5 Upper 

Berkeley St., W. 
Lady Elinor, now Lady E. Denison, b. 1850, mar. 1877 

Capt. Wm. Evelyn D. Res., Ossington, Newark, 

Notts. 

Lady Charlotte Flore Ma A. , b. 1851. lies., with Lady 

Margaret. 

Hon. Hugh A., 2nd heir, Capt. late Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Nile Expedn. 1884-5 : b. 1856, mar. 1896 
Hon. Eleanor Clementina St. Aubyn (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh A.), dau. of 1st Bn. St. Levan. Club, 

Guards'. 

AMHERST (TYSSEN-), family name of fol- 
lowing Barony (see Index above). 

AMHERST of HACKNEY, Baron. William 
Amhurst Tyssen- Amherst (Tyssen pron. Tysen), 
1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Middx., Kt. of 
Justice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1880-92, High 
I Sheriff of Norfolk 1866: son of the late Wm. G. T. 



AMO 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



AIC 



109 



Daniel Tyssen, Esq. (who by licence exchanged 
the name Daniel Tyssen for Tyssen- Amhurst, his 
son 'by a second licence altering the spelling of 
the last syllable) ; b. April 25, 1835 ; cr. Bn. 
1892 (G.) ; mar. 1856 Margaret Susan, dau. of 
the late Adm. Eobt. Mitford, a Lady of Grace 
St. John Jerus. Seat, Didlington Hall, Brandon, 
Norfolk ; town res. , 8 Gros>-enor Sq. , W. 

Creation. Bn. Amherst of Hackney, U.K. 1892 (with 
special remainder, in default of male issue, to eld. 
daughter and her issue male). 

ISsv e. 
(Tyssen-Amherst.) 
Mary Rothes Margaret, now Lady William Cecil, 
heiress pres. to Barony (by special remainder), 
Lady of Justice St. John Jcrus. : b. 1857, mar. 1885 
Lord Wm. C, son of 3rd M. of Exeter, q.v. (2nd 
heir, her son William Amherst C, b 1886.) 
Hon. Sibyl Margaret T.-A. ) T „* t..„«..„ 

-Hon. Florence Margaret T.-A. \ La i le Tnl ° f n ^L ce 
Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A. ) St. John Jerus. 
Hon. Alicia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Cecil, Lady of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 
Evelyn C, Esq., M. P., son of Lord Eustace Cecil, 
and 1st cousin of present M. of Salisbury. Res., 
10 Eaton PL, S.W. 
Hon. Geraldine Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drummond 
of Megginch, mar. 1390 Capt. Male. D. of M. Res., 
Megginch Castle, Errol R.S.O., Perthsh. 
The late Beatrice Margaret T.-A., d. 1881. 
AMOEY (HEATHCOAT-), Baronet. Sir John 
Heathcoat Heathcoat- Amor y, istBt. (U.K. 1874), 
a D.L. for Devon, an M.P. 1868-85 (L.) : son 
of Saml. Amory, Esq., of Homerton and Portland 
Place, London; b. 1829. mar. 1863 Henrietta Mary, 
dau. of Wm. LTnwin, Esq. ; assumed additional 
name of Heathcoat 1874. Heir, his son Ian 
Murray Heathcoat H.-A. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son John, b. 1894). Seat, Knightshayes 
Ct., Tiverton, Devon. 

AMOS, Capt. Herbert Gilbert Maclachlan, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late King's Own Scot. Bords., 
now 3rd Batt. Norf. Eegt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1866. Res., St. Ibbs, Hitchin. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Et. 
Hon. Sir Eichd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
Appeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H. Holme, 
Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Res., Clarence 
Lodge, Tunb. Wells. 

AMPHLETT, Maj. Charles Grove, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), with 1st Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-igoo, now retd. : b. 1862. Res., Four Ashes 
Hall, nr. Bridgnorth. 

AMPTHILL (pron. Amt-hill), Baron. Arthur 
Oliver Villiers Russell, 2nd Bn. ( U.K.). G.C.S.I. 
(1904), G.C.I.E. (1900), M.A., F.E.G.S., iate Gov. 
of Madras (was Acting Viceroy 1904), Maj. in 
Beds. Mil., late Priv. Sec. to Sec. of State for 
Colonies: son of 1st Bn. and 1st cousin of D. of 
Bedford; b. Feb. 19, 1869; sue. 1884 {L.U.); 
mar. 1894 Lady Margaret Lygon, C.I., dau. of 6th 
Earl Beauchamp. 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. 1881.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the 9th Duke of Bedford, 
was created 1st Baron after a long diplomatic service, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 
Titled Relatives. 
(Russell.) 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, b. 1896. 
Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R., 2nd heir, b. 1858. 
Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b 1901. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1869. ) 

Hon. Odo William Theophilus Villiers R., a 1st Sec. 

in Diplom. Serv., late at Berlin, prev. Vienna : 

b. 1870. Res., 86 Eaton Sq., S.W. 
Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R., b. 1872. 



Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers R., B.A., 
barrister-at-law, Capt. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.) 
and Assist. Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs: 
b. 1874, mar. 1905 Annora Margaret Bromley, dau. 
of the late Geo. E. Martin, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Victor 
R.). Res., 17 Hornton St., Kens., W. ; chamb., 
5 Crown Office Row, Temple, E.C. 

Hon. Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers R., Maj. 
Gren. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : twin 
with preceding, and same res. 

Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R., 
b. 1879. 

AMPTHILL, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., V.A., nee Lady Emily Theresa Villiers, 
a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria: 
dau. of 4th E. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar. i858 
1st Bn. Ampthill (d. 1884). Res., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 85 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

ANCASTEE, Earl of. Gilbert Henry 
Heathcote-Drummond-WHloughly, 1st Earl (U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880); Joint Here- 
ditary Lord Gt. Chamberlain (see note under 
" Cholmondeley, Marq."), Chmn. of Q,.S. and a 

D. L. for Parts of Kesteven, and a D.L. and Co. 
Aid. for Eutland, an M.P. 1852-67 (as Hon. G. H. 
Heathcote) : son of 1st Bn. Aveland and of Bnss. 
Willoughby de Eresby ; b. Oct. 1, 1830; sue. as 
2nd Bn. Aveland 1867, as 25th Bn. Willoughby 
de E. 1888, cr. Earl 1892 (G.) ; mar. 1863 Lady 
Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of 10th M. of 
Huntly ; assumed names Drummond and 
Willoughby 1872. Seats, Normanton Pk., Stam- 
ford : Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne, Lines. ; Drum- 
mond Castle, Crieff, Perthsh. ; town res., 12 
Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Willoughby de Eresby, 1313 by 
writ. Gt. Br. : A Bt. 1733. U.K. : Bn. Aveland, 1856; 

E. of Anca3ter, 1892.— The 1st Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edward I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in line married the 1st Bn. 
Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but on the death of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
widow of the 1st Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, 5th Bt., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dysart in her own right. His son, the present 
Peer, who is thus a Baron through both his father and 
mother, and grandson of a Countess, was created Earl of 
Ancaster. He is 22nd Baron Willoughby, but 25th when 
Baronesses are counted. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Heathcote-Drumrnond- Willoughby.) 
Issue of present (1st) E.: 

Lady Evelyn Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, Order 
of Mercy : b. 1864, mar. 1888 Maj. -Gen. Sir Henry 
Peter E., G.C.V.O., K.C.B.,q.v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, now Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1866, mar. 1902 Gideon Macpherson R., Esq. 
Res., 31 Sloane Ct. West, Chelsea, S.W. 
Lord Willoughby de Ereshy (pron. Derzby), heir to 
Earldom: Gilbert H.-D.-W., M.A., M.P. for Horn- 
castle Div. of Lines. (C), Maj. Lines. Imper. Yeom.: 
b. 1367, mar. 1905 Eloise, dau. of the late W. L. 
Breese, isq., of New York. Res., with Earl (Crieff 
excepted). Issue : 

Hon. ■ H.-D.-W. (dau.), b. 1906, heiress 

after her father to Willoughby Buy. 
Lady Nina H.-D.-W., b. 1869. 

Hon. Charles Strathavon H.-D.-W., 2nd heir (but 
not to Willoughby Bny.), Maj. Scots Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1870, mar. 1903 Lady Muriel 
Agnes Stuart Erskine, dau. of 14th E. of Buchan. 
Res., 19 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 

Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1872, mar. 1905, as and husb., 
Lady Florence Astle.y, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyng- 
ham and widow of Bertram F. Fi ankland-Russell- 
Astley, Esq. Res., 21 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Lady Cecilie, now Lady Cecilie Goff, b. 1874, mar. 
1896 Clarence (?., Esq. Res., Carrowroe Pk., Ros- 
common ; 46 Pont St., S.W. 

Lady Alice H.-D.-W., b. 1876. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Ctss. of Dalhousie, b. 1878, 

mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D., q.v. 
Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W., Lieut. R.N., b. 1885. 



no ANC 



Directory 



of Peerage, 



— D axis. -in-law : 

Lady Muriel H.-D.-W., see Hon. Charles above 
Lady Florence H.-D.-W.* see Hon. Claud. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. Aveland (sists. of present 
E.) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now Bon, Lady Tryon, 
q.v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 1893). 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willoughby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name in 
lieu of Heathcote), b. 1838. Res. , Swinstead Hall, 
Bourne, Lines. ; 4 Belgrave Sq,, S.W. 

_ ANCRAM, Earl of (Scot. 1633 and 1701) a 
title of the Lothian Marquessate, borne by the 
heir when the first-bom of the family. Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian" under Creations. 

ANDERSON Baronetcy (Eng. 1660), believed extinct 
1891, but now claimed, as 10th Bt., by James S. Ander- 
son, of Gt. Yarmouth. 

ANDERSON, Bishop— see "Riverina." 
! ANDERSON, Knight (1). Sir George Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1905), Treasurer and Chf. Offr. 
of Bank of Scotld.' late Pres. of Inst, of Bankers 
in Scotld. : b. 1845, mar. 1870 Mary, dau. of 
his relative Alex. Anderson, of London. Res., 
Beechmount, Murrayfield S.O., Midlothn. 

ANDERSON, Knight (2). Gen. Sir Horace 
Searle Anderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1906), LA. Super- 
mini. List; Persia 1856-7, Mutiny, Afghn., and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. Dists. of Bombay 1886-94, 
now Col. 101st Grenadiers (Ind.): b. 1833, mar. 
1867, 2nd wife, Marian, dau. of the late Thos. 
S. Heptinstall, Esq. Ees., Seerscroft, Faygate, 
Horsham, Sussex. 

ANDERSON, Knight (3). Sir John Anderson, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), M.A., Gov. of Straits Settmts. 
and of Labuan, High Commissr. for Protected 
States in Malay Penins. and of Brunei, and 
Cons. -Gen. for Territs. of British Nth. Borneo 
Co. ; has been attached to important Com- 
mssns. and Confs., was on Staff of H.R.H. the 
present Prince of Wales on his visit to the 
Colonies : b. 1858. lies., Govt. House, Singapore. 

ANDERSON, Knight (4). Sir Robert Anderson, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late 
Assist. Commissr. Metrop. Police and head of 
Crim. Investig. Dept., a theolcg. author: b. 1841, 
mar. 1873 the under-mentioned Lady Agnes 
Anderson. lies., 39 Linden Gdns., Bayswater, W. 

ANDERSON, Knight (5). Sir Robert Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1903), an Alderman of Belfast, 
High Sheriff during the visit of H.M. the King ; 
partner in a drapery business and Chmn. of Jno. 
Arnott and Co. and of Anderson and M'Aulay 
and other Cos., also of Belfast Y.M.C.A. : b. 
1837, mar. 1900 Wilhelmina, dau. of Rev. Andrew 
Long. Ees., The Park, Dunmurry S.O., Co. 
Antrim; Donegall PL, Belfast. 

ANDERSON, Knight (6). Sir Robert Row- 
and Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., E.R.S.E., 
F.R.I.B.A., Hon. R.S.A., a Scottish architect: 
b. 1834, mar. 1863 Mary, dau. of Henry Ross, 
Esq. Ees., Allermuir House, Colinton S.O., 
Midlothn. ; 16 Rutland Sq. , Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (7). Sir Thomas 
M'Call Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1905), Regius Prof, 
of Medicine in Glasgow Univ. and late Dean of 
Med. Faculty of same, was Pres. of Med. Section 
of Brit. Med. Assoc. 1888: b. 1836, mar. 1864 
Margaret Richardson, dau. of Alex. Ronaldson, 
Esq. Address. 9 The University, Glasgow. 

ANDERSON, Knight (8). Sir William John 
Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of I 



Trinidad and Tobago, prev. of Brit. Honduras, 
and a Judge in Turk's Is. and Jamaica : b. 1846, 
mar. 1871 Mary, dau. of the late S. J. Clutsam, 
Esq., M.D. Ees., Belize, Brit* Honduras. 

ANDERSON, Knights' Widows. (1) Hon. 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumarez 
(dau, of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. 
Boston, own sist. of Caroline, Lady Boston, and 
mother of present Bn.), b. 1841, mar., 1st, 1859, 
Hon. Florance Irby, who became the above 5th 
Bn. (d. 1877) ; 2ndly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. 
Anderson, K.C.B. (d. i8g6). Ees., Tannheim, 
Wimborne Rd. , Bournemouth, with her son-in-iaw 
Sir H. H. Johnston.— (2) Lady A. (Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Jos. Barcroft, Esq.), mar. 1863 
Sir Samuel L. Anderson, Crown Solic. in Ireld. 
(d. 1886). Ees., 74 Lower Baggot St., Dublin. 

ANDERSON, Lady Agnes Alexandrina, 
sist. of 9th E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of 
Sir Robt. Anderson, K.C.B., Kt. 4. 

ANDERSON, Col. Chaulks Alexander, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 
1878-80, Burma 1885-6, and N.W. Frontier 1897-8, 
now Com. of the Ferozepur Brigade (temp. Brig,- 
Gen.) : b. 1857. 

ANDERSON, Maj. Ernest Chester, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A.M.C, S, Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1863. 

ANDERSON, Graham, CLE. (1894). (Not in 
Ind. Serv. List.) 

ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Actg. Commissr. of Derajat, prev. Dep. 
Commissr. in Punjab: b. 1851. 

ANDERSON, Brig.-Surg. John, CLE. (1881), 
M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Trop. Medicine at 
St. Mary's Hosp. Med. Sen., was Med. Offr. on 
staff of M. of Ripon in India : b. 1840. Ees., 
9 Harley St., W. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. John, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Q,mr. and Hon. Capt. A.S.C; S. Africa 1899- 
1903, now with Constab. there : b. 1852. 

ANDERSON, John Gerard, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., late Under Sec. Dept. of Public Instruc- 
tion, State of Queensland : b. 1836. Ees., Meri- 
vale St., South Brisbane. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Nelson Graham, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), A.S.C, S. Africa 1900: b. 1875. Ees., 
Peshawar, Punjab. 

ANDERSON, Robert, C.M.G. (1903), M.I.C.E., , 
late Ch. Engr. of Uganda Govt. Rails., prev. of 
lines in Scotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 
Club, Caledonian. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Rowland James Percy, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 11th Hussars ; N.W. Ind. Front, 
and Uganda, served with Tasm. Imper. Bushmen 
in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), Supt. of 
Registry, Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. William Campbell, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), F.R.G.S.,comdg. 4th Batt.Bord. 
Regt. (Mil.) ; Niger and Gold Coast 1896-9, S. 
Africa i39g-:go2 : b. 1868. Ees., Early wood, 
Windlesham, Camberley. 

ANDERSON, William, M.A., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), M,B. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Robert Le Geyt, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), LA., retd. (1906); Egypt 1882, 
Tirah 1897, A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay 1877-8, 
now Acct.-Gen. to Mil. Dept. India : b. 1850. 
Ees., Simla. 

ANDOE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Bea- 
trice Ruperta, dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, 
Esq., son of 3rd Bt.), mar. 1880 Adm. Sir Hilary 
G. Andoe, K.C.B., of nav. serv. from 1855 (d. 
1905). lies., 2 EUiot Terr., Plymouth. 

ANDOVER, Viscount (by courtesy— title, Eng. 



AND 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



ANN 



in 



1622), son and heir to Suffolk and Berkshire 
Earldom. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Andrews, P.O. {Irel. 1903), a D.L. for 
Co. Down, Chmn. of Down. CO. during the visit 
of H.M. the King, is also Chmn. Co. Down Eail. 
and Pres. of Ulster Lib. Un. Assoc., a flax- 
spinner : b. 1843, mar. 1870. Res., Ardara, Comber 
S.O., Co. Down. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
William Drennan Andrews, P.C. {Irel. 1897), 
LL.D,, Judge of King's Bench Div. High Ct., 
Ireld., formerly of Excheq. and Matrimon. Divs., 
appd. Q,.C. 1872: b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 
Lower Leeson St., Dublin. 

ANGEL, Capt. Thomas Lumbard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), KimberleyTn. Gd. ; Bechuanald. 1896-7, 
and S. Afr. War 1900-1. Res., 33 Roper St., 
Kimberley. 

ANGLER, Knight. Sir Theodobe Vivian 
Samuel Angler, Kt. Bach. (1904), F.R.S.S., 
memb. of the steamship firm of Angier Bros, and 
a Dir. of Empire Steamship Assur. Assoc., Pres. 
1905 of Chamb. of Shipping of U.K., formerly 
Capt. Middx. Yeom. : b. 1845, mar. 1897 Lilian 
Maude, dau. of the late Edmd. Routledge, Esq. 
Res., Hill Crest, Dyke Rd., Brighton. 

ANGLESEY, Mabquess of. Charles Henry 
Alexander Paget, 6th Marq. (U.K.) and a Bt. 
(Irel.), Lieut. Roy. Horse Gds., 1st cousin of 5th 
Marq., son of Lord Alex. Victor Paget, and gt. 
grandson of the Waterloo Fd.-Marshal ; b. April 
14, 1885; sue. 1905(C); unmrrd. Seats, Beau 
Desert, Rugeley, Staffords. ; Plas Newydd, Llan- 
fairpwll S.O., Anglesey (the name "Anglesey 
Castle" is abandoned); town res., 14 South wick 
Cresc, Oxford Sq., W. 

Creations. Bn. Paget, Eng. 1553 by writ; E. of 
Uxbridge, Gt. Br. 1784; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815; a 
Bt. Irel. 1730.— The 1st Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VIII. and raised to the Peerage under Edward 
VI. The gth Bn. obtained the Uxbridge Earldom, 
he being cousin of a previous Earl of that title, which 
had subsisted 1714-69. His successor was raised to the 
Marquessate, having been greatly distinguished in the 
Peninsular War and having at AVaterloo led the grand 
charge which is considered to have decided the victory ; 
he. was afterwards twice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
The line of succession from 1760 has descended from Sir 
Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Bt., who had married the heiress 
of the Paget Bny., and whose son, the above 9th Bn. 
and 1st Earl, immediately assumed the ancient family 
name. A former Earldom of Anglesey belonged to a 
distinct family— that of Villiers— and lasted 1623-60; 
this was followed in 1661 by the awarding of the same 
title to the 2nd Vise. Valentia, but it also expired as 
noticed under the latter peerage. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
{Paget.) 

Bro. and sists. oj present (6th) 31. (granted rank of 
Marq.'s issue 1906) : 
Lord Victor William P.,nt>. 1889, heir pres. to all 
titles. (2nd heir to Marquessate, Earldom, and Btcy. , 
his uncle Lord Berkeley P. ; to Paget Bny., Peer's 
two sists.) 

Winifred Constance Hester, Visctss. Ingestre, b. 1881, 
mar. 1904 Vise. L, heir to Shrewsbury Earldom, q.v. 

Beatrice Eleanor, The Lady Herbert, b. 1883, mar. 
1904 Lord H., M.V.O., heir to Pembroke and M. 
Earldom, q.v. 

Surviving issue of 2ndM. (uncle and aunt of pres.): 

(Br 1ST MRRGE. 

The late 3rd Marquess, b. 1821, d. 1880, childless.) 

By 2ND MRRGE. 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1835, d. 1898. Son : 

The late 5th Marquess, b. 1875, d. 1905 childless.) 

Lady Florence Cecilia, aftds. Mchss. of Hastings 
(which title she retains by courtesy), b. 1842, mar., 
1st., 1864, 4th Marq. of II. (d. 1868) ; 2ndly, 1870, Sir 
Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., q.v. 



Lord Berkeley Charles Sydney P., formerly Hon. Maj. 
Staffordsh. Yeomanry, b. 1844, mar. 1877 Florence 
(Lady Berkeley P.), dau. of the late Wm. H. Chet- 
wynd, Esq., son of 2ndBt. Res., 11 Upper Wim- 
pole St., W. 

— Dau.-in-law : (mother of present M.). 

Lady Alexander P. (ne'e Hon. Hester Alice Stapleton- 
Gotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. Combermere, b. 1851, mar. 
1880 the late Lord Alexander Victor P. (a. 1896). 
Res. , with her son : 
' Present Marquess, b. 1885. 

Daus.-in-law of 1st M. (gt. aunts of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1797, d. 1869.) 
Lady Alfred P. (Cecilia, dau. of Geo. T. Wyndham, 

Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Gen. Lord Alfred Henry 

P., C.B. (d. 1888). Res., Upper Lodge, Bushey Pk., 

Teddington; 56 Queen Anne St., W. 
Lady George Augustus, now by 2nd mrrge. (1881) 

Louisa, Ctss. of Essex, q.v. (mar., 1st, 1861, Gen. 

Lord Geo. A. Fredk. P., K.C.B., who died 1880). 

ANGLESEY, Marquesses' Widows. (1) 
Dowager Marchioness op A. (Mary Living- 
stone, dau. of J. P. King, Esq., of Georgia, 
U.S.A., and widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), 
mar. 1880, as 3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 
1898). Res., 7 Rue de l'Ermitage, Versailles. — (2) 
Marchioness of A. (Lilian Florence Maud, 
dau. of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the 
Mchss. of Hastings), mar. 1898 5th Marq. (d. 
1905). Res., 7 Ovington Gdns., S.W. 

ANGUS, Earl of (Scot. 1389)— see "Hamil- 
ton, D. of." 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 1st Newcastle- 
on-Tyne Vol. Artill. : b. 1851. Res., Framlington 
House, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Avondale, Newbig- 
gin-by-the-Sea S.O., N'tbumbd. 

ANLEY, Capt. Barnett Dyer Lempriere 
Gray, D.S.O. (1900-1), Essex Regt.; with 6th Batt. 
Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1873. 

ANN, Knight. Sir Edwin Thomas Ann, Kt. 
Bach. (1906), Mayor of Derby in year of promo- 
tion. 

ANNALY, Baron. Luke White, 3rd Bn. 
(U.K.), a D.L. for Co. Longford, Lt.-Col. eomdg. 
and Hon. Col. Northants. Imper. Yeom., for- 
merly Capt. in Scots Gds., served, in Egypt 1882 : 
son of 2nd Bn. ; b. Feb. 25, 1857 ; sue. 1888 
(L.U.); mar. 1884 the Hon. Lilah Georgiana 
Augusta Constance A gar-Ellis, dau. of 3rd Vise. 
Clifden. Seats, Gowran S.O., Co. Kilkenny; 
Holdenby House, Northampton ; • Luttrellstown, 
Clonsilla, Co. Dublin (let) ; town res., 43 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.K. 1863.— The 1st Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
Lieutenant of latter. 

Titled Relatives. 
(White.) 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Luke Henry TP"., heir to Barony, 2nd Lieut, 
nth Hussars, late Lieut. 3rd Co. of Lond. Imper. 
Yeom. : b. 1885. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Charles 
James.) 

Hon. Lilah Charlotte Sarah W-, b. 1889. 
Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret W., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Ellen, now Ellen, Lady Inchiquin(q..x. Widow), 
b. 1854, mar. 1874 14th Bn. I. (d. 1900). 



Hon. Alice Emily, now Vctss. Coke, b. 1855, mar. 

1879 Vise. C, see " Leicester, 2nd E." 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Charles James W-, formerly Capt. Royal 
Fusiliers and Ch. Commissr. of Police in Rhodesia, 
served in Matabele Campaigns of 1893 and 1896 : 
b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelyn, dau. of the late J. B. 
Bulkeley-Johnson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles IP".). 

Hon. Robert W., late Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus., and 



ii2 ANN Directory of Peerage, ANS 



Staff Offr. in Rhodesia Horse, served in Nile 
Expedn. 1884-5 and in S. Africa 1900, and took 
part, together with his deceased bro. Hon. Henry 
Freda, in the Jameson Raid (sentenced to seven 
months' imprisonment) : b. 1861. Res., 16 Stratton 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

Hon. Violet, now Lady Percy St. Maur, b. 1869, mar. 
1899 Lord Percy St. AT., son of the 14th D. of Somer- 
set (q.v.) and heir pres. to the Dukedom. 

Hon. Francis William W-, b. 1873. 
Surviving daus. of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1839, d. 1888.) 

Hon. Eleanor Eliza, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Holden. 
b. 1834. mar. 1854 the late Col. Henry H. (d. 1898). 
Res., Reedley House, Burnley, Lanes. ; 10 tit. 
Cumberld. PL, W. 

Hon. Eniilie Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 
1844, mar. 1867 2nd Bn. E., q.v. 

ANNALY, Baron's "Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Emily, dau. of Jas. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1853 2nd Bn. Annaly (d. 1888). Res., Holkham, 
Wells S.O., Norfolk; 22 Grosvenor St., W. 

ANNESLEY, family name of Annesley Earl- 
dom and Valentia Viscounty. Index to the two 
lines : 

Hn. Algern.S.A. v.Ly. Constance, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 
Hn. Altisidora, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Lettice, v. 
Hn. Arthur, v. Hon.Mrs.Fras.sep. Hn. Sydney A. v. 
Hn. Mrs. Arthur, a. Hn. Helen, v. Hn. Victoria, v. 
Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hn. Violet, v. 
Ly. Clare, a. 

ANNESLEY {pron. Annezly), Earl. Hugh 
Annesley, 5th Earl (lrel.), an Irish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1877), B.A., a D.L. for Co. Down, an M.P. 
1857-74 (as Hon. H. Annesley), formerly Lt.-Col. 
Scots (Ms., served in Kaffir War of 1851-3 and in 
Crimea: son of 3rd E. and bro. of 4th; b. Jan. 
26, 1831 ; sue. 1874 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1877, the late 
Mabel Wilhelmina Frances, dau. of Col. ¥m. T. 
Markham (she died 1891) ; 2ndly, 1892, Priscilla 
Cecilia, dau. of the late Wm. Armitage Moore, 
Esq. Seats, Castlewellan S.O., and Donard Lodge, 
Newcastle S.O., both Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewellan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Glerawly (q.v.) 1766; Earl Annesley, 1789.— The 1st 
Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yorks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. 
Titled Relatives. 
(Annesley.) 
Issue of -present (5th) E.: 

BY 1ST MRRGE. 

Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Sowerby, b. 1881, mar. 1904 Lieut. Gerald S., R.N. 

Vise. Glerawly, heir to Earldom : Francis A., b. 
1884. (2nd heir, his ist cousin Walter Beresford A., 
b. 1861.) 

By 2ND MRRGE. 

Lady Clare A. b. 1893. 

Lady Constance Mary A., b. 1895. 

Dau.-in-laiv of 3rd E. (sist.-in-law of present) : 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1830, d. unmrrd. 1874.) 
(Present Earl, b. 1831.) 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston, Esq.), mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. 
Arth. A. (d. 1881). 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Francis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. Newborough. 

ANNESLEY, Brig. -Maj. James Howard Adol- 
phus, D.S.O. (1900-1), 6th Drgn. Gds. ; Tirah 
1897-8. S. Africa 1900-1, late a Staff Capt. in Pre- 
toria Sub-Dist.: b. i858 (descendant of 2nd Earl). 

ANNESLEY, Maj. William Richard Norton, 
D.S.O. (1886), late Roy. W. Kent Regt. ; Egypt 
1886 : b. 1863 (descendant of 2nd Earl). 

ANNESLEY (L YTTELTON-) , Knight. Lt.- 
Gen. Sir Artiiur Lyttklton i//«e//o?i-i»«csfe«, 
K.C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.S.Arts, Col. 
11th Hussars, served in Crimea and has been 
A.A.G. at Headqrs. and A.G. at Bombay, ret. 



1898 : b. 1837, assumed name of Lyttelton 1884. 
Res., Templemere, Weybridge, Surrey. 

ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons.," also below. 

ANSON, Baronet. Sir William Reynell 
Anson, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), D.C.L., L.L.D., M.P. 
for Oxford Univ. (L.U.), late Pari. Sec. to Bd. of 
Education, barrister-at-law, Chmn. Oxfordsh. 
Q.S., Warden of All Souls Coll., andChanc. of the 
Diocese of Oxford, a Trustee of Nat. Portr. 
Gall., late Vice-Chanc. of the Univ. and for- 
merly Vinerian Reader in Civ. and Engl. Law : 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1843, sue. 1873. Heir pres., 
his bro. Frederick Arthur (b. 1850 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Denis George William, b. 1888). Seat, 
Birch Hall, Manchester ; res., All Souls Coll., 
Oxford ; Pusey, Faringdon, Berks. ; 192 Ashley 
Gdns., Westmr., S.W. ; chamb., 1 Brick Ct., 
Temple, E.C. 

ANSON, Bishop (retired). Rt. Rev. Hon. 
Adelbert John Robert Anson, D.D., 1st Bp. 
of Qu'Appelle (Assiniboia, Canada, 1884-92), was 
Warden of St. John's Hosp. Lichfield 1893-8, now 
a Canon of that Cathedral : son of 1st E. of Lich- 
field, b. 1840, cons. 1884. Res., The Close, Lich- 
field. 

ANSON, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Archibald 
Edward Harbord Anson, K.C.M.G. (1882), R.A. 
retd. (1879), served in Crimea and Malay Penins., 
and has three times administered Govt, of Straits 
Settmts., was Insp.-Gen. of Police at Mauritius 
1858-67 and Lt.-Gov. of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1826 
(son of 1st Bt. in above line), mar. 1906, 2nd wife, 
Isabelle Jane, dau. of the late Robt. Armitstead, 
Esq. Res., Southfield, Silverhill, St. Leonards- 
on-Sea. 

ANSON, Viscount {by courtesy — title U.K. 
1806), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 
Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absorbed 
in the Lichfield Earldom. 

ANSON, Hons. Mrs. Algernon and Mrs. 
Frederick, daus. respectively of 6th and 5th 
Bns. Vernon. 

ANSON, Capt. Charles Eustace, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1901), R.N., Egypt 1882, now comdg. 
H.M.S. " Argyll : " b. 1859 (grandson of 5th Bn. 
Vernon). Club, Jun. U. Serv. 

ANSTICE, Col. John Arthur, OB. (Civ. 1904), 
V.D., M.A., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
1st Vol. Batt. Shropsh. L.I., a CO for the Co., 
several times Mayor of Wenlock : b. 1846. Res., 
Marnwood, Iron Bridge S.O., Salop. 

ANSTICE, Col. Robert Henry, OB. (Civ. 
1902), M.A., Lt.-Col. (retd.) and Hon. Col. 1st 
Aberdeensh. Vol. R.E. : b. 1843 (elder bro. of 
preceding). Res., Westbourne House, Union St., 
Aberdeen. 

ANSTRUT HER (pron. An'struther; place 
locally called Anster), Baronet. Sir Ralph 
William Anstruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskie (Scot. 
1694), a D.L. for Caithness and Fifesh., Lt.-Col. 
Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Vol. Batt. Black 
Watch, formerly Capt. R.E., has served in 
Egypt and Bechuanaland : son of 5th Bt., b. 
1858, sue. 1886, mar. same year Mildred Harriet, 
dau. of the late Edwd Hussey, Esq. Heir, his 
son Robert Edward (b. 1890 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Henry Torrens, b. i860). Seats. Balcaskie, Pitten- 
weem S.O., Fifesh. ; Watten S.O., Caithness. 

ANSTRUTHER, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady A. (Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. Wm. K. 
Marshall, D.D.), mar. 1857 Sir Robt. Anstruther, 
5th Bt. (d. 1886). Res., Hook Heath, Woking, 
Surrey. 



ANS 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



APL 



ANSTRUTHER, Col. Charles Frederick St. 
Clair, M.V.O. (4th Class 1905), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
comdg. 2nd Life Gds. ; S. Africa igoo : b. 1855 
(we Anstruther -Thomson). Bes., Charleton, 
ColiDsburgh S.O., Fifesh. ; Rutland House, 
Rutld. Gdns., S.W. 

ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 
4th Bn. Sudeley. 

ANSTRUTHER (CARMICHAEL-), Baronet. 
Sir "Windham Frederick Carmichael- Anstruther, 
nth Bt. of Anstruther {Scot. 1700) and 7th of 
Carmichael {Gt. Br. 1798), Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Scotld. : son of 10th Bt., 
b. 1902, sue. 1903. Heir, his 1st cousin once 
removed, Gerald Yorke C.-A. (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Windham Eric Francis, b. 
1900). Seat, Carmichael House, Thankerton S.O., 
Lanarks. 

- ANSTRUTHER (CARMICHAEL-), Baronet's 
Widow. Lady C.-A., now Hon. Mrs. Algernon 
Hanbury-Tracy (Sylvia, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Darley. G.C.M.G.), mar., 1st, 1901, Sir Windham 
Robt. Carmichael-Anstruther, 10th Bt. (d. 1903) ; 
2ndly, 1905, Hon. A. Hanbury-Tracy, C.M.G., 
q.v. (under "Sudeley"). 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. Frrz- 
Roy, dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe. 

ANTICHAMP (or -chan)— see " Autiehanip." 

ANTIGUA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Farrar, D.D., 6th Bp., late Acting Princ. of 
Theolog. Coll. Kingston, Jamaica, and Rect. of 
Hawkchureh, Dorset. Bes., Clare Hall, Antigua. 

ANTILL, Col. John Macquarie, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), N.S.W. Mid. Rifles; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, now on Staff of Austral. Commonwealth 
Forces and Ch. Instr. of Mtd. Troops in N.S.W. : 
b. 1866. Res., Victoria Barracks, Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl of. William Randal 
McDonnell, nth Earl {Irel., 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly Lieut. Tyrone 
Fusiliers : son of 10th (5th) E. ; b. Jan. 8, 1851 ; 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 Louisa Jane, V.A., dau. of 
the late Gen. Hon. Chas. Grey and a Lady of 
the Bedchamber to H.M. the Queen. Scat, 
Glenarm Castle, Lame, Co. Antrim. 

Cre ation. E. of Antrim and Vise. Dunluce, Irel., new 
patent 1785 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John, Lord of the Isles, 
who married a daughter of King Robert II. His de- 
scendants, however, were more than once in rebellion, 
and after the execution of one of them, with four of his 
six sons, in 1494, the two surviving sons fled to Ireland, 
but returned later on, and in 1529 " ravaged the lands of 
the Campbells with lire and swerd" ('Burke'). The 
next representative of the family was at war with both 
the Irish and English, but became possessed of lands in 
Ireland and eventually settled down as a faithful sub- 
ject of Queen Elizabeth. He was made a free citizen 
01 Ireland, and married the daughter of the Earl of 
-yrone. His son Sir Randal MacSorley McDonnell 
obtained the Peerage. The 6th Earl, having no male 
issue, procured the right of succession for his daughters 
and their male ijsue, so that there was never any 
interruption in the line : the present Earl is therefore 
actually the nth, though holding his title from a 
patent under which he is only the 6th. The 2nd Earl of 
the original creation was promoted to be Mara, of 
Antrim, but that title expired upon the death of the 
6th, not being included in the extended remainder to 
daughters. The 2nd of these married Lord Mark Robert 
Jterr, but her son, on succeeding as 9th Earl, resumed 
tne former name of McDonnell. 

Titled Relatives. 
(McDonne.ll.) 
Issue of present {nth) E. : 

Lady Sibyl Mary, now Lady S. Smith, b. 1876, mar. 

1897 Vivian Hugh S., Esq. Res., 36 Hertford St., 
_ Mayf air, W. 

Vi s c - Dunluce, heir to Earldom : Randal Mark Kerr 
McD., b. 1878, mar. 1904 Margaret Isabel, dau. of | 



113 



Rt. Hon. J. G. Talbot, M.P., grandson of 2nd Earl 
Talbot. Res., Waluey Old Vicarage, Barrow-in- 
Furness. 

Hon. Angus McD., 2nd heir, b. 1881. 
Surviving issue of loth E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Hon. Mark Henry Horace McD., formerly Lieut. 
Roy. Irish Regt., b. 1852, mar. 1892 Emily Fanny- 
Dorothy, dau. of Sir Geo. R. Osborn, 6th Bt. 
(Hon. Mrs. Horace McD.). 

Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady C. Bertie, b. 1853, 
mar. 1881 Rev. the Hon. Alberio Edwd. B. , son of 
6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. 

Hon. Alexander McD., a clerk in House of Lords, b. 
1857. Res., 103 Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 

Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. 1858, 
mar. 1878 Henry Chas. H, Esq., gt. nephew of 12th 
D. of Norfolk. Res., Greystoke Castle, Penrith, 
Cumbd. 

Lady Evelyn McD., b. i860. Res., with Hon. Alex. 
Hon. Sir Wcbomberg Kerr McD., K.C.B., b. 1861, see 

" M'Donnell, Kt. 1." 
Lady Jane Grey, now The Lady Clinton, b. 1863, mar. 

1886 Hon. Chas. Jno. Robt. II. -S.-F.-Trc/usis, now 

21st Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. (" Nina '') Balfour, b. x86"5, 

mar. 1888 Chas. Barrington B., Esq., M.P. Res., 

Newton Don, Kelso, Roxburgh ; Balfour House, 

Balgonie, Markiuch, Fil'esh. ; 14 Grosvenor Cresc. , 

S.W. 

Dau. qfgth E. (1st cousin of present) : 

Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see "Mac Gregor, Bt.'s 
Widow." 

Dau.~in-law of Otss. 8th in line (being aunt of 
present E.)— surname Kerr: 

(The late 9th Earl, b, 1812, d. 1855.) 

(The hits 10th Earl, b. 1814, d. 1869. 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur Kerr (Agnes Steuart, dau. of J. 
H. Frankland, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg K. (d. 1856). Res., Eashtng Pk., 
Godalming; 5 Beaufort Gdns., BromptonRd., S.W. 



ANTROBUS, Baronet. Col. Sir Edmund 
Antrobus, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1815), formerly comdg. 
3rd Batt. Gren. Gds., served in Suakin Expedn. 
1885, ret. 1903: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1899, 
mar. 1886 Florence, dau. of the late Capt. Jules 
A. Sartoris. Heir, his son Edmund (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Cosmo Gordon, b. 1859). Seat, 
Amesbury Abbey, Salisbury. 

ANTROBUS, Reginald Laurence, C.B. (Civ. 
1898), B.A., an Assist. Under Sec. in Colon. 
Office, adrnind. Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has 
been Priv. Sec. to four For. Sees. : b. 1853. Bes., 
19 Cranley Gdns., S. Kens. S.W. 

AO ST A. Duke d' (Duca, Italy 123S: d' = di). 
H.R.H. Prince Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio 
Eugenio Geneva Giuseppe Maria, K.G. (1902), 
1st cousin of the King of Italy: b. 1869 (at 
Geneva), mar. (at Kiogston^ 1895 H.R.H. Prss. 
Helene d' Orleans, lies., Castello di Mandria, | 
Turin. 

APAP-TESTAFERRATA, Marquess. Giu- 
seppe Apap, 1st Marq. {Papacy 1889), Hered. Kt. | 
of Holy Rom. Emp., a Patrician of Rome and of j 
Messina : grandson of 2nd M. of Gnien-is- .1 
Sultan (of Maltese Nobility), b. 1841, mar. 1874 s 
Rosina, dau. of Prince Nicodemo Sabatini and of 
Francesca Palermo, a Princess in her own right. 
No heir. Bes., Marsa Scirocco and Zeitun, both 
Malta ; Strada Santa Caterina and 144 Strada 
Cristoforo, both Valetta. [? deceased.} 

APCAR, Alexander Afcar (name doubled), 
C.S.I. I'igos), Pres. of Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 
and an Addit. Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy. 

APLIN, Maj. John George Orlebar, 
C.M.G. (1899), Insp.-Gen. of Lagos Constab., late 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. D. of Cornwall's 
L.I. (Mil.). Bes., Lagos, W. Africa. 



K 



ii4 



APL 



Directory of Peerage, 



ABD 



APLIN, Lt.-Col. Philip John Hantham, D.S.O. 
(1904), LA., Afghn. 1879-1880, Burma 1885-9, 
Somalild. 1903-4: b. 1859. 

APPELBE, Col. Edward Benjamin, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), 1st Class Offr. in Army Ordnance Dept.; 
Ziiluld., Soudan 1884-5 and 1888-9, and S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1855. Club, Imper. Serv. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), Priv. Sec. to Marq. of Londonderry, 
formerly Capt. and Hon. Maj. Montgom. Imper. 
Yeom. : b. 1846. Res., South End, Durham. 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
Accountant in Scotch Educn. Dept.: b. 1857. 

APPLEYARD, Maj .-Gen. Frederick Ernest, 
C.B. (Mil. 1875), Burma 1852, Crimea, and Afghn. 
1878-9. ret. 1884 as Hon. Maj .-Gen. : b. 1829. 
Res.. Tarakai. Surbiton, Surrey. 

APPLES', Capt. Reginald Vincent Kempen- 
feldt, D.S.O. (1902), 14th Hussars; opera- 
tions in India 1894 &c. and S. Africa 1900-2, 
now a D.A.A.G. for Musketry : b. 1869. 

APPS, Engr.-Com. William Richard, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), R.N. 

APSLEY, Lord (by courtesy— title Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), eld. son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 

ARBUCKLE, Knight. Hon. Sir William 
Arbuckle, Kt. Bach. (1902), Agent-Gen. for Natal 
in London and Chmn. of several Commssns. and 
Cmttees., late Pres. Leg. Counc, Colon. Treas., 
&c. (title " Hon." to be retained) : b. 1839, mar. 
1865 Henrietta, dau. of Hy. Shire, Esq. Res., 
2o5 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W., and 26 Victoria 
St., s.w. 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Sir Robert Keith 
Arbuthnot, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1823), M.V.O. (4th Class. 
1904), Comdg. H.M.S. "Hampshire": son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1864, sue. 1889, mar. 1897 Lina, dau, 
of Col. Alex. C. Macleay" C.B. Heir pres., his 
bro. Maj. Dalrymple A., R.A. (b. 1867 ; 2nd heir, 
next surv. bro., William Fitzgerald, b. 1875). 
Res., 105 Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight (1). Sir Alexander 
Jokx Arbuthnot,K.C.S.i: (1873), CLE. (1878), late 
Memb. Counc. of India, formerly of that of the 
Viceroy, and Vice-Chanc. Madras and Calcutta 
Univs., temp. Gov. of Madras 1872: son of late 
Bp. of Killaloe, b. 1822, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, 
Constance Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 
3rd Bt. Res., Newtown House, Newbury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight (2) . Sir George Gough 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), partner in a merchant 
and banking firm at Madras and an M.L.C : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Isabella, 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Richd. C. Boyle (son of 
8th E. of Cork). Res., 4 Grosvenor Cresc, Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Caroline Charlotte, dau. of Wm. Clarke, Esq., 
M.D., of Barbados), mar. 1868 Gen. Sir Chas. G. 
Arbuthnot, G.C.B. (d. 1899). Res., 49 Charlevillc 
Rd., W. Kens., W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Capt. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1902), Scots Gds.; S. Africa 1900-1, 
late A.D.C. to Gov. of Hong Kong : b. 1875, gt. 
grandson of 2nd Bt. 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 
Viscounty. 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty when a son. 

ARBUTHNOTT (pron. Ar'buthnot), Viscount. 
David Arbuthnott, 11th Vise. (Scot.) : son of 
9th V. and bro. of 10th; b. Jan. 29, 1845; sue. 
1895 ; unmrrd. Seat, Arbuthnott House, Fordoun, 
Kineardinesh. 



Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. ! 
1641.— The 1st Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 
Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Arbuthnott.) 

Surviving issue ofgth V. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 

1838, mar. 1364 the late Alex. S., Esq. (d. 1901). 

Res., Campfield, Glassel S.O., Aberdnsh. 
(The late xoth Viscount, b. 1843, d. childless 1855.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1845.) 

Hon. William A., heir pres. to Viscty., b. 1849. Res., 
with Peer. (2nd heir, his 1st cousin Lt.-Col. W alter 
Charles Warner A., b. 1847.) 

Hon. Margaret A., b. 1854. Res., Bridge of Allan, 
Stirlingsh. 
Dau. of 8th V . (aunt of present) : 

(The late 9th Viscount, b. 1806, d. 1891.) 

Hon. Anne Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Gheape, 
b. 1813, mar. 1847 the late Alex. C, Esq. (d. 1892). 
Res., Lathockar, also Strathtyrum (with her son 
- see under " Airlie, 7th E."), both nr. St. 
Andrews, Fifesh. 
— D aus. -in-law: 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh ^1. (Susannah Morrison, dau. of 
the late Jno. Campbell, Esq.), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. 1866). Res., Downside, 
Otley Rd., Harrogate. 

Hon. Mrs. David A. (Eliza, dau. of Thos. F. 
Reynolds, Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Hon. David A., 
C.S.I, (d. 1901). Res., Fairlawn, Paignton, Devon. 

ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), a Dep. Commissr. in Assam: b. 1858 
(grandson of 8th Vise). 

ARCHDALE, Col. Hugh James, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Lines. Regt. ; Soudan 1885, Burma 

1886- 7, an( l s - Africa 1899-1902: b. 1854. Club, 
Nav. and Mil. 

ARCHDALE, Capt. Theodore Montgomery, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 
1873. 

ARCHDALL, Bishop— see "Killaloe." 

ARCHER. Maj. Charles, CLE. (1905), Polit. 
Agent and Dep. Commissi', of Quettaand Pishni. 

ARCHER, William John, C.M.G. (1902), late 
Consul at Bangkok, and Judge of H.M.'s Court 
for Siam : formerly Acting Cons, at Rio Grande 
do Sul, now a Judge of Mixed Ct. of First 
Instance, Egypt : b. 1861. Res., Alexandria. 

ARCHIBALD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady 
A. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. Burnyeat), 
mar. 1843 Sir Adams G. Archibald, K. C.M.G. 
Ch. Sec. &c. for Nova Scotia (d. 1892). Res., The 
Cottage, Truro, Nova Scotia. — (2) IjADY A . (Sarah, 
dau. of the late Richd. Smith, Esq., of Dudley), 
mar. 1841 Hon. Sir Thos. D. Archibald, Judge 
of Queen's Bench (d. 187G). Res., The Hawthorns, 
2 Carlton Rd., Putney, S.W. 

ARDAGH, Bishop of — see " Kilmore." 

ARDAGH, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir John 
Charles Ardagh, K.C.M.G. (1902), K.C.I.E. 
(1894), C.B. (Civ. 1878. Mil. 1S8.1), R.E., A.I.C.E., 
F.R,C.S.,F.R.G.S., served in Egypt, Soudan, &c, 
ret. 1902, was A.A.G. in Nile Expedn. and aftds. 
at Headqrs., an Extra A.D.C. to Com.-in-Ch. 

1887- 96, Col. on Staff in S. Africa 1902, has served 
also on various Cmttees., Confs., and Missions, 
and been Priv. Sec. to two Viceroys of India, is i 
memb. of Ct. of Internat. Arbitr. and Brit. Dir. of 
Suez Canal : b. 1840, mar. 1896 Susan, Ctss. of 
M aline sburu, q.v. Res., 113 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

ARDAGH, Capt. George Hutchings, D.S.O. 
(1902), late 9th Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 
1901 : b. 1861. Res., Shortlands, Staines. 

ARDEE, Lord (by courtesy— title, Ld. Brabazon, 
Bn. A., Irel. 1616), eld. son and heir of E. of 
Meath. 



ARD 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. ARM 115 



ARDEN, Baron {Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
"Egmont, E. of." 

ARDEN (BAILLIE- HAMILTON-), family 
name in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise Baillie-Hamilton, 
ARDFERT, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

ARDILAUN, Baron. Arthur Edward 
Guinness, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., M.A., 
LL.D., a D.L. for Cos. Galway and Kerry and 
Co. and City of Dublin, an M.P. 1868-9 and 
1874-80: son of Sir Benj. L. Guinness, 1st Bt., 
M.P. ; b. Nov. 1, 1840; sue. as 2nd Bt. 1868, 
cr. Bn. 1880 (C.) ; mar. 1871 Lady Olivia Charlotte 
White, dau. of 3rd E. of Bantry. Heir, to Peerage 
none; to Baronetcy his nephew Algernon 
Arthur St. Lawrence Lee G. (b. 1883 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's bro. Kenelm Edward Lee, b. 1887). 
Seats, Ashford, Co. Galway, Cong S.O. ; St. 
Anne's, Clontarf , Dublin ; Muckross, Killarney ; 
The Castle, Macroom, Cork ; town res., 11 Carlton 
House Terr., S.W. 

Creations. U.K.: A Bt. 1867; Bn. Ardilaun, i83o.— 
No issue. Vise. Iveagh is his younger brother. The 1st 
Bt. had restored the half-ruined Cathedral of St. Patrick 
at his own cost, and was for this liberality permitted to 
bear supporters in his coat of arms. 

ARDRON, John, C.B. (Civ. 1906), an Assist. 
See. in G.P.O. 

ARDROSSAN, Baron {U.K. 180S)— see 
"Eglinton and Winton, E. of." 

ARDWALL, Lord {of Session). Andrew 
Jameson, M.A., LL.D., formerly Sheriff of Cos. 
Roxburgh, Berwick, and Selkirk, then of Ross, 
Cromarty, and Sutherld., and lastly of Perth ; 
appd. -Q,.C. 1897, a Lord of Session with title 
Hon. Lord Ardwall 1905 : b. 1845, mar. 1875 Chris- 
tian Robison {Lady Ardwall), dau. of Jno. Gordon 
Brown, Esq. Res., Ardwall, Kirkcudbt. ; 14 Moray 
PI., Edinburgh. 

ARGYLL, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Bp. of Argyll 
and the Isles, not yet appd. Bes., Alltshellach, 
Onich S.O., Inverness-sh. 

ARGYLL, Duke of. John Douglas Suther- 
land Campbell, 9th Duke {Scot., 2nd of U.K.), 
K.T.(i87i),P.C. {Gt. Br. 1875), G.C.M.G. (1878), 
G.C.V.O. (1901) and hasVictn. Chain, V.D., LL.D.; 
Heritable Master of H.M.'s Househd. in Scotland, 
Keeper of Dunstaffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick 
Castles, and Keeper of the Great Seal of Scot- 
land, Lord Lieut, and Hered. High Sheriff of 
Argyllshire, Admiral of the Western Isles, a 
D.L. for Dumbartonsh., and Gov. of Windsor 
Castle, Chanc. of Order of St. Mich, and St. 
George, formerly Gov.-Gen. of Canada, is Hon. 
Col. 1st Argyll and Bute Vol. Artill., of 7th Middx. 
Rifle Vols. (Lond. Scott.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Highld. 
L. I., of 6th Batt. Lanes. Eus. (Mil.), of 5th Vol. 
Batt. Arg. and Suthd. Highlars., and of Argyll 
L. I. (15th Canad. L.I.) ; an M.P. 1868-78 and 1895- 
1900 ; head of the house and clan of Campbell : son 
of 8th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1845 ; sue. 1900 {L. U.) ; mar. 
1871 H.R.H. the Princess Louise (see Roy. Fam.). 
Seat, Roseneath House, Roseneath S O., Dum- 
bartonsh. ; * town res., Kensington Palace, W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 1445 ; E. of Argyll, i4S7 ; 
Ld. Lome, 1470 ; D. of Argyll, M. of Lome (Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E.of Campbell and Cowa.ll, V.of Lochow and Glcnyla, 
and Ld. of Inveraray, Mull, Morvern. and Tirie, 1701. Gt. 
Br. : Bn. Sundridge, 1766, and Bn. Hamilton of Hamel- 
don, 1776. U.K.: D. of Argyll, 1892.— Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, wbo was knighted in 1280 by 
Alexander III., was called by the Gaelic title Mac 
Callum Mor— i.e., Mac Callum the Great (his father 
was called Cailin Mor, and the two similar forms have 
been confused and led to several variations). This chief 
was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
Colin's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
Bruces, and came to be created successively Lords 



Campbell and Earls of Argyll. The 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The 8th received the 
title of Marcj. of Argyll, but it died with him, he being 
executed, with the instrument termed " the Maiden," for 
having supported Cromwell. The 9th was sentenced to 
the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
the train of his step-daughter, butwas taken in an attempt 
to invade Scotland, and the previous sentence was then 
carried into effect. The io&h Earl was created a Duke in 
the Peerage of Scotland, and the late 8th Duke nearly 
two centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom. The 
British title of Bn. Sundridge was awarded to the 5th 
Duke, and his wife was shortly afterwards made Bnss. 
Hamilton of Hameldon in Leicestershire. 

* His Grace writes this county " Dumbarton." That 
form may be the original, but it is clearly gone out of 
use as we do no find it recognised in either the Census 
Returns, the Postal Guide, or Oliver and Boyd's Almanac, 
though Keith Johnston's Gazetteer gives " Dumbarton 
or Dunbarton." 

Titled Relatives. 
(Campbell.) 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Dl t ke, b. 1845.) 

Lord Archibald G, neir pres. to Dukedom, a D.L. 
for Argylish., a senior partner in the bank of 
Coutts and Co., formerly Capt. 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. 
and Suthd. Highldrs. : b. 1846, mar. 1869 Janey 
Sevilla, dau. of the late Jas. H. Callander, Esq. 
(Lady Archibald C). Res., Coombe Hill Farm, 
Kingston-on-Thames ; 14 Hill St., Knightsbridge, 
S.W. (2nd heir, his son Niall Diarmaid, b. 1872.) 

Lady Edith, now Dchss. of Northumberland, b. 1849, 
mar. i863 Earl Percy, now 7th Duke of N., q.v. 

Lord George Granville G., Lieut. R.N. retired, b. 1850, 
mar. 1879 Sibyl Lascelles. dau. of the late Jas. B. 
Alexander, Esq. (Lady George G). Res.,z Bryan- 
ston Sq., W. 

Lady Victoria G, b. 1854. Res., The Lodge, Tiree, 

Oban, Argylish. 
Lady Evelyn, now Lady E. Baillie-Hamilton, b. 1855, 
mar. 1886 James B.-H., Esq. (descendt. of 6th E. of 
Haddington). 
Lady Frances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. 1858, mar. 
1879 Col. Eustace J. Anth. B., A.D.C. Res., 32 
Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Lady Mary Emma, now Lady M. Glyn, b. 1859, mar. 
1882 Rt. Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr G., Bp. of 
Peterborough, q.v. 
Lady Constance Harriet, now Lady Const. Emmott, 
b. i854, mar. 1891 Chas. E., Esq. Res. , Snow Hall, 
Gainford, and Thorpe Hall, Winston, both near 
Darlington. 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Colin G (Gertrude Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Edmd. M. Blood, Esq.), mar. i83i the late Lord 
Colin 0. (b. 1853), but o'otd. judic. sep. 1884 (he died 
1895). Res., 67 Carlisle Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 
ARGYLL, Duke's Widow. Ina, Duchess 
op A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine. dau. of the 
late Archibald M'Neill, Esq., W.S., of Colon- 
say), formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman 
and Sec. to Queen Victoria : mar. 1895, as 3rd 
wife, 8th D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.S., an 
eminent statesman, orator, and scientist (d. 1900). 
lies., Macharioch, Campbeltown, Argylish. 

ARISUGAWA, H.I.H. Prince Takihito, of 
Janan, G.C.B. (Civ. and Hon. Mil. 1905), b. 1862. 

ARKLOW, Baron — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of " ( U.K. 1881, Roy. Fam.) and 46 Ormonde, 
M. of" {Hrel. 1302— a traditional title) . 

ARK WRIGHT , Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Kenyon. 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mary Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON and EUSTON, Earl of (1672)— see 
" Grafton, D. of." 

ARMAGH, Archbishop op. His Grace the 
Most Rev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., 110th Abp. of Armagh and Primate of 



K 2 



Directory of Peerage, 



All Ireland, formerly Dean of Emly : b. April 13, 
1824, widower, cons. Bp. of Derry and Raphoe 
1867, transl. to Armagh 1896. Is the only sur- 
viving Irish Prelate who was consecrated prior to 
Disestablishment. Bes., The Palace, Armagh. 

*** The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Cloghcr, Derry, Down, Kilmore, Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Earl of {by courtesy— -title, Irel. 
1799), elder son and heir of H.R.H.Duke of Cum- 
berland (Roy. Family). 

ARMITAGE, Capt. Cecil Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1901), 3rd Batt. S. Wales Borderers (Mil.); 
Ashanti 1900, serving as Travelling Commissr. 
Gold Coast : b. 1869. Bes., 16 Maddox St., W. 

ARMITAGE, Rev. Robert, D.S.O. (1902), 
M.A., Chapl. to Forces in S. Africa i89g-ic,02, 
prev. in Barbados : b. 1857. 

ARMITSTEAD, Baron. George Armitstead, 
1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Forfar, a merchant in 
London and Dundee, twice au M.P. : son of the 
late Geo. Armitstead, Esq., of Easingwold, and 
Eiga; b. 1824, cr. Bn. 1906 {L.) ; mar. 1848 Jane 
Elizabeth, dau. of Edwd. Baxter, Esq. No heir 
or other issue. Bes., Butterstone House, Dim- 
keld, Perthsh. ; 4 Cleveland Sq., St. James's, j 
S.W. ' 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Armitstead, 1906. 

ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry \ 
Armstrong FitzPatrick Watson-Armstrong, 1st 
Bn. of new creation {U.K.), M.A., D.C.L., a D.L. j 
and C.C. for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 1899), 
Maj. N'thumb. Imper. Yeom., Dir. of Elswick j 
Arsenal and of N.E. Rail., a Commissr. of River 
Tyne : son of Jno. Wm. AVatson, Esq., of Adder- 
stone Hall, N'thumb., and gt. nephew of the late 
Bn. A. of former line ; b. May 3, 1863 ; cr. Baron 
1903 {€'.) ; assumed name of Armstrong by licence 
1889; mar. same year Winifreda Jane, dau. of 
the late Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B. Seats, 
Bamburgh Castle S.O., and Cragsidc, Rothbury, 
both N'thumb. ; Jesmond Dene. Newcastlc-on- 
Tyne; town res., 93 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 
Peerage of same title lasted 1887- 1900). 

Issue. 
( Watson- Armstrong.) 
Hon. William John Montagu W.-A., heir to Bny., j 

b. 1892. (No 2nd heir.) 
Hon. Winifreda Margaret W.-A., b. 1894. 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet of Ashbnrn Place. 
Capt. Sir George Carlyon Hughes Armstrong, 1st 
Bt. {U.K. 1892), proprietor of the Globe newspaper 
and founder of the People, formerly a Capt. in 
Bengal Army, served during Mutiny : son of the 
late Col. Geo. C. Armstrong, b. i836,mar. 1865 Alice 
FitzBoy, dau. of the late Eev. Chas. J. Furlong. 
Heir, his son George Elliot (b. 1866, Lieut. E.N. 
and editor of the Globe; 2nd heir, latter's son 
George Carlyon, b. 1896). Bes., Fairmilc House, 
Cobham, Surrey ; 39 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

AEMSTEONG, Baroneto/ 'Gallen. Sir Andrew 
Harvey Armstrong, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1841), served 
in S. Africa 1900-1, formerly Capt. 3rd Batt. 
Leinst. Eegt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1866, sue. 
1899. Heir pres., his bro. Nesbitt Willtam (b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, their 1st cousin Edmund Clarence 
Bichard, b. 1879). Bes., Gallen Priory, Ferbane 
S.O., King's Co. 

AEMSTEONG, Bishop— see " Wangarratta." 

ARMSTEONG, Knight. Sir Walter Arm- 
strong,^. Bach. (1899), B.A., E.H.Acad., Dir. of 
Nat. Gall, of Ireland and is author of works 
n u art: b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily Eosc, dau. 



of Chas. C. Ferard, Esq. Bes., Ceanchor House, 
Howth, Co. Dublin. 

AEMSTEONG, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Charlotte, dau. of the late S. Campbell Simpson, 
Esq., and widow of T. K. Tillotson, Esq., and of 
Adm. Sir W. King-Hall, K.C.B.), mar. 1894, 3rd 
husb., Sir Alex. Armstrong 1 , K.C.B., F.R.S., who 
served in search for Sir J. Franklin and the dis- 
covery of the N.W. Passage (d. 1899). Bes., The 
Elms, Sutton Bonnington, Loughborough, Leic. 

ARMSTEONG, Lt.-Col. Gerald Denne, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Eoy. Warwicks. Regt. ; S.Africa 1899- 
1900 : b. 1865. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt.-Col. Oliver Carleton, 
D.S.O. (1902), LA., Burma 18S8, and S. Africa 
1899-1902, now A.A.G. at Ind. Headqrs. : b. 1859. 

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 1898), late 
Dir. of Art Div. S. Kens. Mus. : b. 1832. Bes., 
The Abbot's House, King's Langlev S.O., Herts. 

ARMSTRONG (WATSON-), family name of 
Armstrong Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armi/taqe, 6th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1738), F.S.A., a D.L. 
for W. Rid., Chmn. Lanes, and Yorks. Rail. Co. : 
son of 5th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 1899, mar., 1st, 1871 
(wid. 1890) ; 2ndly. 1893, Mary Georgiana, dau. 
of the late Henry A. Littledale, Esq. Heir, his 
son Capt. George Ayscough A. (b. 1872; 2nd 
heir, latter's son John Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, 
Kirklees Pk., Brighouse, Yorks. ; town res., 27 
Cambridge Sq., W. 

ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
a Gentn. Usher to H.M. : b. 1853 (gt. grandson of 
4th Bt.). Bes. . 6 Euckingham Pal. Mansns., S.W. 

ARMYTAGE, Hon. Mrs. William — see 
"Hotham, Kt.'s Widow." 

ARNOLD, Knight. Sir Aleeed Arnold, Kt. 
Bach. (1903), an M.P. 1895-1900 {L.), barrister- 
at-law and a manufacturer : b. 1835, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Mary, widow of Jos. Collins, Esq., of 
Halifax. Bes., Woodroyde, Halifax. 

ARNOLD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Amelia Elizabeth, dau. of the late Capt. H. B. 
Hyde), mar. 1867 Sir Arthur Arnold, formerly an 
M.P. and Chmn. L.C.C., first Editor of the Echo 
(d. 1902). Bes., Hyde Hill, Dartmouth, Devon; 
45 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W. — (2) Lady A. 
(Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese lady, mar. 1897, 
as 3rd wife, Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., a 
distinguished orientalist and poet, author of ' The 
Light of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904). Res., 1 Wetherby 
Mansns., Earl's Ct, Sq., S.W. 

ARNOLD, Col. Alfred James, D.S.O. (1897), 
Niger-Soudan Campaign 1897, S. Africa 1900, 
now serving with the Portug. Mozambique Co. : 
b. 1866. Bes., Beira, Mozambique; Heathcourt, 
Bournemouth. 

ARNOLD, Lady Charlotte Geokgiana, dau. 
of 3rd M. of Cholmondeley. 

ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 
Amott, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1896), a D.L. for Dublin, 
late Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.): son of 1st Bt., b. 1853, ™c. 1898, 
mar. 1S81 Caroline Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Williams, 2nd Bt. of Tregullow. Heir, his son 
John (b. 1885; 2nd heir, next son, Lauriston 
John. b. 1891). Bes., 12 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

ARNOTT (FITZGERALD-), Baronet's 
Widow. Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the 
late Rev. Edwd. L. Fitzgerald), mar. 1872, as 
2nd wife, Sir Jno. Arnott, 1st Bt. (d. 1898, 
assumed 1902 the additl. name Fitzgerald). Bes., 
Woodlands, Cork; Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. 
Dublin. 

ARNOULD, Knight's Widow. Lady A, 



ARU Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



(Anne Pitcaim, datl. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 
Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Jos. 
Arnould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 

ARRAN (pron. Am), Earl of. Arthur 
J ocelyn Charles Gore,6th Earl (Irel.) and a Bt., 
sits as Bn. Sudley {U.K.) ; Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Civil Service Vol. Rifles, late Maj. Roy. Horse 
Gds., served in Egyptn. Cav. 1896-7 and in S. 
Africa 1900: son of 5th E. ; b. Sept. 14, 1868; 
sue. 1901 (L.U.) ; mar. 1902 Mathilde Jacqueline 
Marie Beauclerk, dau. of Bn. Huyssen van 
Kattendyke, of the Hague. Seat, Castle Gore, 
Ballina, Co. Mayo. — See below for the Scottish 
Earldom of Arran and Cambridge, this title being 
taken from the islets of Arran, Co. Galway. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn. 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U. K. : Bu. Sudley, 1884. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to the Peerage, obtaining both 
Irish creations. The late 5th Earl was given the U.K. 
Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Gore.) 

Issue of present (6th) E. : 
I Viscount Sudlev, heir to Earldom: Arthur Paul 
I John (.'hai low .lames G., b. 1903. (2nd heir— to Irish 

titles, not U.K. Bny.— Sir Francis Charles G-, son 

of the late Hon. Charles G., b. 1846. 

Issue of 5th E. (sists. and half-sist. of present) : 

By 1ST MRRGE. 

Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Ctss. of Airlie 
1 (q.v., Widow), b. 1866, mar. i8t>6 Cth Earl of A. (d. 
1900). 

Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, b. 1867, 
mar. 1887 Vise. Cranborne, now 4th Marq. of 8., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1868.) 

Lady Esther Caroline Ceorgiana, now Lady E. Smith, 
b: 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. VVm. ¥. banvers 8., M.P., 
heir to Hambleden Viscounty, q.v. 

Bv 2ND MRRGE. 

Lady Winifred Helena Lettice G. , b. 1891. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1839, d. 1901.) 
Lady Caroline Annesley, now The Lady Ruthven, b. 

1848, mar. 1869 8th Bn. R,, q.v. 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta G., b. 18SS. 
Lady Mary Napier, now Lady M. Eivart, b. 1858, mar. 

1889 Herbt. Brisbane J£.,Esq.. Res., 8 West Eaton 

PI., S.W. 

ARRAN, Earl's Widow. Winifred, Countess 
ok A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
Reiliy, Esq., and widow of Hon. Jno. M. Stopford, 
son of 4th E. of Courtown), formerly a Lady in 
Waiting to H.R.H. Prss. Christian: mar. 1889, 
as 2nd wife, 5th E. of Arran (d. 1901). Res., 
Queen Anne's Mead, Windsor ; 111 Piccadillv, W. 

ARRAN and CAMBRIDGE, Earl op (Scot. 
1643) — se e " Hamilton, D. of." 

ARROL, Knight. Sir William Arrol, Kt. 
Bach. (1890), LL.D., F.R.S.E., late an M.P. 
(L.U.), a D.L. for Co. of City of Glasgow, 
head of the Dalniamock Ironworks Co. , contrac- 
tors for the Tay and Forth Bridges (served ap- 
prenticeship as a blacksmith) : b. 1839, mar. 1905, 
2nd wife, Miss Hodgart. Res., Dennistoun, Glas- 
gow ; Seafield, Ayr. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Carlung. Sir Matthew 
Arthur, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), a D.L. for Ayr3h. 
and for Co. of City of Glasgow, a Dir. of Glasg. 
and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.U. Assoc., 
also of Westa. Inflrm., Glasgow ; a memb. of Roy. 
Co. of Archers : son of the late Jas. Arthur, Esq., 
b. 1852, mar. 1879 Janet Stevenson Bennett, dau. 
of the late Alex. B. M'Grigor, Esq., LL.D. Heir, 
his son J ames Cecil (b. 1883 ; no 2nd heir). Seat, 
Carlung, West Kilbride S.O., Ayrsh. ; res, Ful- 
larton, Troon, same Co. ; 49 Mount St., W. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Westminster. Sir 



ASH 117 



George Compton Archibald Arthur, 3rd Bt., 
(U.K. 1841), Hon. Capt. in the Army, formerly 
Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., served in Egyptian and 
Nile Campaigns and in S. Africa 1900-1 : son of 
2ndBt., b. i860, sue. 1878, mar. 1898, as 2ndhusb., 
Kate Harriet, dau. of the late Horatio Brandon, 
Esq., and widow of Arthur R. Yates, Esq. Heir 
pres., his 1st cous. once rem. Edward Malcolm 
A. (b. 1874; 2nd heir, batter's bro. George 
Frederick Neale A., b. 1878). R-s., 38 Brompton 
Sq., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur, Kt. 
Bach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sheriff of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Address, c/o Messrs. Ewing and Co., Cal- 
cutta. , . 

ARTHUR, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
Monteagle of Brandon. 

ARUNDEL, Knight. Sir Arundel Tagg 
Arundel, K.C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865. lateM.L.C. andCh. Sec. to Govt, of Madras, 
has been a Dist. and Sessions Judge, Collector, 
&c, late a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1843, 
mar. 1875 Catherine Helen, dau. of the late J . D. 
Sim, Esq., C.S.I. Res., Simla and Calcutta. 

ARUNDEL and SURREY, Earl of (Arundel 
Eng. 1155 and 1433, Surrey 1483), a double title 
of the Norfolk Dukedom, borne by the heir when 
a son. n 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell of 
Wardour Barony (but for Hon. Geo. V. A. 
Monckton- Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V."). 

ARUNDELL, Count (Holy Rom. Erap., abt. 
1595)— see "Arundell of Wardour" and "Clif- 
ford of Chudleigb," the title pas.^ing to both 
male and female descendts. 

ARUNDELL (MONCKTON-), family name 
(in part) of the Galway Viscounty, more usually | 
"Monckton "—see "Arundell" above. 

ARUNDELL op WARDOUR, Baron. 
Rev. Everard Aloysius Goszag a Arundell (pron. 
Arr'undel), 13th Bn. (Eng.), a Count of the Holy 
Roman Emp. (1595), B.A., a priest of the Church 
of Rome: son of nth Bn. and bro. of 12th; b. \ 
Sept. 6, 1834 ; sue. 1906(C) Seat, Wardour Castle, | 
Tisbury S.O., Wilts. ; res., Westbourne, Bourne- j 
mouth West. 

Creation. Bu. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. i6os.-Sir 
Thos Arundell obtained his German title for services m | 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the ( 
standard of ihe Turks with his own nana ; on his return 
home he was created 1st Bn. Arundell. The 3rd Bn. j 
suffered five years' imprisonment from the false accusa- j 
tion of Titus Oates, but on his liberation he was « 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Arundell.) 

Surviving issue of nth Bn. (half-sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

BY 2ND MRRGE. 

(The late 12th Baron, b. 1331, d. i9°6). 
(Present Baron, b. 1834.) 

BY 3RD MRRGE. 

Hon. Cecily Mary A., a nun, b. 1845. 
Hon. Gertrude Mary A., b. 1848. 
Heir pres. to Barony (a 2nd cous. once rem.) : 

Edgar Clifford A., Esq., descended in 5th genera- 
tion from 6th Bn,, b. 1859. 2nd heir, his loio. 
Gerald Arthur, b. 1861.) 
ARUNDELL OF WARDOUR, Baron's 
Widow. The Lady A. of W. (Anne Lucy, dau. 
of Jno. Errington, Esq.), mar. 1862 12th Bn. 
Arundell of W. (d. 1906). 

ASH (BERESFORD-\ Lady Florence j 
Marion, dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 



n8 ASH Directory of Peerage^ 



ASH 



ASHBOURNE, Baron. Edward Gibson, ist 
Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Irel. 1877, Gt. Br. 1885), 
M.A., LL.D., late Lord Chancellor of Ireland 
(3rd time, with a seat in the Cabinet) , formerly 
an M.P. and Attornej'-Gen. for Irel., appd. Q.C. 
1872 : son of the late Wm. Gibson, Esq., of 
Dublin and Gaulstown; b. Sept. 4, 1837; er. Bn. 
1885 (C.) ; mar. 1868 Frances Maria .Adelaide, 
dau. of the late Hy. C. Colles, Esq. Bes., 
12 Merrion Sq,, Dublin ; 5 Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. 

Issue. 
(Gibson.) 

Hon. William G., heir to Barony, M.A. : b. 1S68, 
mar. 1896 Marianne, dau. of M. de Monbrisoiij of 
Paris (Hon. Mrs. Gibson). Res., Moorhurst, Holm- 
wood, Dorking. 

The late Hon. Henry D'Olier Grant G-, b. 1870, 
d. 1905. 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-Poivlett, 
b. 1871, mar. 1893 Hon. Wm. G. Algar O.-P., son 
and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 

Hon. Edward Graves Mayne G., 2nd heir, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, late Lieut. 5th Batt. Leinst. Regt, 
(Mil.) : b. 1873, mar. 1900 Mary Philips, dau. of the 
late Hy. R. Greg, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Edward G.). Res., 
Clonlea, Sandyf 3rd, Dublin ; Cliff, Lee, Ilfraeombe. 

Hon. (Ernest) Victor (?., barrister-at-kw, late Lieut. 
Imper. Yeom., served in S. Africa 1900 and 1902 : b. 
1875, widower. Club, Bachelors'. 

Hon. Violet Albina G., b. 1876. 

Hon. Prances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Porter, b. i83o, mar. 1904 Alex. Horsbrugh P., Esq., 
son of Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. Res., 
Pilot View, Dalkey S.O., Co. Dublin. 

Hon. Constance Anna G., b. 1881. 

ASHBROOK, Viscount. "William Spencer 
Flower, 7th Vise. {Irel.), B.A., a D.L. for 
Queen's Co. : son of 5th V. and bro. of 6th; b. 
March 23, 1830; sue. 1882; mar. 1861 the late 
Augusta Madeline Henrietta (d. 1906), dau. of the 
late Geo. Marton, Esq. Seat, Castle Duitow, 
Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Castle Durrow, 1733 ; Vise. 
Ashbrook, 1751.— The ist Bn. was M.P. for Co. Kilkenny ; 
his successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Flower.) 
Issue of present (jth) V. : 

Two deceased daus. (died previous to Peer's accession). 
Surviving issue of$th V. (bro. and sist. of present): 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1829, d. childless i382.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Robert Thomas P., heir pres. to Viscounty, 
formerly Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. 
Militia: b. 1836, mar. 1866 Gertrude Sophia, dau. 
of the late Rev. Sewell Hamilton(Hon. Mrs. Robert 
F.). Res. , Knockatrina House, Durrow, Abbeyleix, 
Queen's Co. (2nd heir, his son, Llowarch Robert, 
b. 1870.) 

Hon. Caroline Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. George 
Marton, b. 1847, mar. 1866 the late Geo. B. Heneage 
M., Esq. (d. 1905), bro. of the Lady Ashbrook. 
Res., Capernwray Hall, Burton, Kirkby Lonsdale, 
Westmorld. 

ASHBURNER, Capt. Lionel Forbes, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), D.S.O (1900-1), Roy. Fus. ; 
Boer War 1900 and 1902, is an Hun. A.D.C. 
to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales : b. 1874. 

ASHBURNER, Lionel Robert, C.S.I. (1871), 
formerly a Memb. of Coune. Bombay, Acting 
Gov. 1880: b. 1827. Bes., 9A Gloucester PI., 
Portman So., W. 

ASHBURNHAM, family name of Earldom 
below. 

ASHBURNHAM, Baronet's Widow. Lady 
A. (Isabella, dau of the late Capt. Geo. B. Mar- 
tin, C.B., R.N.), mar. 1859 Sir Anchitel Ash- 
burnham, 8th Bt. (d. 1899). Bes., Broomham 
Pk., Guestling, Hastings. — For 9th Bt., see 
"Clement (Ashburnham-)." 



ASHBURNHAM, Earl of. Bertram Ash- 
burnham, 5th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for Breck- 
nocksh.: son of 4th E. ; b. Oct. 28, 1840; sue. 
1878 (L.) ; mar. 1888 the late Emily (d. 1900), 
dau. of the late R. Chaplin, Esq. Seats, Ashburn- 
ham PL, Battle S.O., Sussex; Barking Hall, 
Needham Mkt. S.O., Suffk.; Pembrey, Burry 
Port S.O., Carmarths. 

Creations. Bn. Ashburnham, Eng. 1689 ; E. of Ash- 
burnham and Vise. St. Asaph, Gt. Br. 1730.— King j 
William III. created this Peerage. The ist Bn.'s grand- ! 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell i 
I for aiding King Charles's escape from Hampton Court in j 
I 1647 ; it M r ould however be wrong to conclude that this | 
had anything to do with the promotion, as William was | 
not likely to show such regard for the Stuarts. The 3rd 
Bn., who had been Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales, obtained the higher titles. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Ashburnham.) 
Issue of present ($fh) E. : 

Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte A., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 4th E, (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1840.) 

Hon. John ^4., heir pres. to Earldom, formerly Acting 
Cons.-Gen. in Bulgaria : b. 1845. Club, St. James's. 

Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 
mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., Esq., son of late Bp. of 
Ripon. Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 

Hon. Thomas A., 2nd heir, late Capt. 7th Hussars, 
served in Egypt 1882, and has been Extra A.D.C. 
to two Viceroys of Ireland: b. 1855, mar. 1903 Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Anderson, Esq., of 
Fredericton, N. Brunswick (Hon. Mrs. Thomas A.). 
Res., Fredericton. 

Lady Mary, now Lady M. Holland, b. 1859, mar. 1883 
Hon. Sydney Geo. H., son and heir of ist Vise. 
Knutsford, q.v. 

Hon. George ^1., formerly Lieut. Suffolk Yeomanry, 
b. 1863. Club, Wellington. 

ASHBURNHAM, Knight. Sir Cromer Ash- 
burnham, K.C.B. (Mil. 1882), Maj .-Gen. retd. 
(1886), served in Mutiny, Afghanistan, S. Africa 
1881, Egypt, &c, has been Gov. of Suakin and 
A.A.G. and Q.M.G. of S.E. Dist. : b. 1831 (uncle 
of Sir Anchitel P. Ashburnham-Clement, 9th 
Bt.), mar. 1864 Urith Amelia, sist. of Lady A., 
Bt.'s widow (above). 

ASHBURTON, Baron. Francis Denzil 
Edward Baring, 5th Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for 
Hants, and Capt. Hants. Imper. Yeom. (Cara- 
biniers) : son of 4th Bn. ; b. July 20, 1866; sue. 
1889 (C.) ; mar., 1st., same year, the late Hon. 
Mabel Edith Hood (d. 1904), dau. of 4th Vise. 
Hood; 2ndly, 1906, Frances, dau. of Mr. J. C. 
Donnelly, of New York. Seat, The Grange, 
Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K. 1835.— The *st Bn. 
who was President of the Board of Trade and Master of 
the Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Fras. Baring, ist Bt., and 
was uncle of the ist Bn. North brock and of the present 
Earl of Cromer and ist Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 
Barony, extinct in 1823, was held by the family of 
Dunning, to whom that of Baring became united by 
marriage. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Baring.) 
Issue of present ($th) Bn. : 

Hon. Venetia Mar.iorie Mabel B., b. 1890. 
Hon. Aurea Vera B., b. 1891. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 
Barony, b. 1898. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 
Frederick.) 

Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1866.) 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Hants. Imper. 



ASH Baronetage, Knightage, &c. ASH 119 



Yeom., b. 1867, mar. 189O Laura Louise, dau. of 

Fredk. Hobson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). 

Res., Candover House, Alresford, Hants. 
Hon. Alexander Henry B., b. 1869. Res., with Bn. 
Hon. Guy -Victor J?., M.P. for Winchester (€'.), Capt. 

Coldstrm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 

1873. mar. 1903 Olive Alethea, dau. of Hugh Colin 

Smith, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Guy B.). Club, Carlton. 
' Hon. Lilian Theresa Claire, now Hon. Mrs. Fredk. 

Adam, b. 1874, mar. 1906 Lt.-Col. Fredk. Loch A., 

M.V.O., q.v. 

Hon. Caryl Digby 7?., Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., served 
in S. Africa 1899-1002, now A.D.C. to Maj. -Gen. 
comdg. in Straits Se'ttmts. : b. 1880. 
Dau. of yd Bn. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Baron, b. 1835, d. 1889.) 

Hon. Marie Louisa Anne, now Dchss. of Grafton, b. 
1833, mar. 1858 the late 6th Duke of G. , see "Grafton, 

- Duke's Wid." 

ASHBUBTON, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., nee Hon. Leonora Caroline Digby, dau. 
of 9th Bn. Digby, b. 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 
Ashburton (d. 1889). Res., Melchet Ct., Bomsey, 
Hants. ; 16 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHBY, Knight. Sir James William Murray 
Ashby, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; C.B. Civ. 1867), Pay- 
master-in-Ch. E.N. (retd.), served in Baltic and 
Black Seas, and in China, also on various home 
and foreign stations : b. 1822, mar. 1873 Catherine 
Magenis, dau. of the late F. E. Maxwell, Esq. 
Res., Little Park, Ninfleld, Battle S.O., Sussex. 

ASHBY, Col. George Asiiby (name doubled), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Comdt. Discharge Depot, 
Gosport; Egypt, Nile, and S. Africa 1899-1901: 
b. 1856. Res., Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hants. 

ASHCOMBE, Baron. George Cubitt, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880), M.A., a D.L. for 
Surrey and Middx., a Co. Aid. for Surrey, 
and Hon. Col. 2nd Vol. Batt Eo-v W. Surrey 
Bngt. ; an M.P. 1860-92 ; late Chmn. House of 
Laymen of Canterb. Prov., has been 2nd Church 
Estates Commissr . and on various Boy . Commssns . : 
son of the late Thos. Cubitt, Esq.; b. June 4, 1828 ; 
cr. Bn. 1892 (0.) ; mar. 1853 the late Laura (d. 
1904), dau. of thelateEev. Jas. Joyce. Seat, Falla- 
pit, Mounts S.O., Devon; town res., 17 Prince's 
Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashcombe, U. R. 1892. 

Issue. 
(Cubitt.) 

The deceased Geoffrey George ft, b. 1854, d. 1855. 
Hon. Helen Laura ft, b. 1855. 

Hon. Mary Agnes, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester, 
b. 1857, mar. 1884 Rev. Edwd. Arthur Ch. Res., 
The Vicarage, Dorking. 

The deceased Thomas Edmund Wilfred C, b. 1859, d. 
1865. 

Hon. Adelaide Laura, now Hon. Mrs. Richd. Faller- 
Maitland, b. 1861, mai\ 1891 Richd. Anth. F.-M., 
Esq. Res., 38 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 
Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George Tallenis, 
b. 1863, mar. 1883 Geo. Wm. T., Esq. Res., 49 
Warwick Sq., S.W. 
The deceased Mabel Georgica C, b. 1864, d. 1365. 
Hon. Henry ft, M. A., heir to Barony, rate an M.P. 
(ft), is Lord-Lieut, of Surrey and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
and Hon. Col. Surrey Imper. leom. : b. 1867, mar. 
1890 Maud Mariamne, dau. of the late Col. Arcliib. 
M. Calvert (Hon. Mrs. Cubitt). Res., Denbies, Dor- 
king ; 17 Prince's Gt., S.W. (2nd heir, his son 
Henry Archibald, b. 1892.) 
Hon. Beatrice Hayward, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
vert, b. 1868, mar. 1891 Wm. Archib. ft, Esq. Res., 
Broomells, Capel, Dorking. 
ASHE, Capt. Edward Percy, M.V.O. (4th 
Class 1905), E.N., served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1852. 

ASHFOBD, Baron (Eng. 1696)— see "Albe- 
marle, E. of." 

ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPEE, but the 
second name appears to be practically dropped) , 
family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and "Hons.," also below. 



ASHLEY, Lord (by courtesy— title, Baron A. 
Eng. 1661), son and heir of the Earl of Shaftes- 
bury. 

ASHLEY, Priv. Counc. and .Peer's Son. 
Et. Hon. (and Hon.) (Anthony) Evelyn Mel- 
bourne Ashley (the name Cooper being dis- 
carded, as is conventionally the name Anthony 
also, it being given to every male member of the 
family), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1891), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, a D.L. for Hants, and Official Verderer of 
the New Forest, was Priv. Sec. to Vise. Palmer- 
ston, and has been Pari. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
Lnder Sec. for Colonies, and 2nd Church Estates 
Commissr., an M.P. 1874-85 (L.), and a former 
Lieut. S. Middx. Bines : son of 7th E. of Shaftes- 
bury and uncle of present Peer ; b. 1836, mar. 1891, 
2nd wife, the following. i?es.,Broadlands,Eom- 
sey, Hants. ; Classiebawn, Co. Sligo, Tullaghan 
S.O. ; 13 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen (q.v.), and wife of preceding. 

ASHMAN, Knight. Sir Herbert Ashman, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), Lord Mayor of Bristol 1900 (first 
of the title, was Mayor 1899), Past Pres. of Anchor 
(Colston) Soc, knighted on occasion of the late 
Queen's visit at opening of the Jubilee Conval. 
Hosp. : b. 1854, mar. 1874 Lizzie, dau. of F. G. 
Lorenzen, Esq. Res., Cook's Folly, Stoke Bishop, 
Bristol. 

ASHMOEE, Knight. Sir Alexander Murray 
Ashmore, K.C.M.G. (1905), Lt.-Gov. and Colon. 
Sec. Ceylon, late Govt. Sec. Brit. Guiana, prev. 
Eeceiver-Gen. for I. of Cyprus: b. 1855, mar. 
1897 Dorothy Emily Augusta, dau. of the late 
Chas. J. K. Shaw, Esq. Res., The Temple 
Trees, Colombo. 

ASHTON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. ( U. K.), a manufacturers D.L. for Lanes., was 
High Sheriff 1885, M.P. 1886-95 : son of the late 
Jas. Williamson, Esq., of Parkfield; b. Dec. 31, 
1842 ; cr. Bn. 1895 (L.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late 
Margaret (d. 1877), dau. of the late Jos. Gatey, 
Esq."; 2ndly, i88o,thelate Jessy Henrietta (d.1904), 
dau. of the late Jas. Stewart, Esq., of Clapham, 
Yorks. Heir, none. Seats, Eyelands, and Ashton 
Hall, both nr. Lancaster; town res., Alford 
House, Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashton, U.K. 1895. 

Issue. 
(Williamson.) 
Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now Hon. Mrs. Peel, b. 1872, 
mar. 1899 Hon. Wm. R. 'VYellesley P., heir to Peel 
Viscty., q.v. 
The late Hon. Maud W., b. 1876, d. 1906. 

ASHTOWN, Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (tret), a D.L. for Co. Galway: grand- 
son of 2nd Bn. and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, 
who died without succeeding ; b. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 
sue. 1880 ; mar. 1S94 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. 
Eobt. A. G. Cosby. Seats, Glenahira Lodge, Co. 
Waterford, nr. Clonmel; Woodlawn S.O., Co. 
Galway. 

Creation. Bn. Ashtown, Irel. 1800.— The 1st Peer was 
M.P. for Portarlington. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Trench.) 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn.: 

Hon. Frederic Sydsey ?'. s heh to Barony, b. 1894. 
Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 1396 
Hon. Robert Power T., 2nd heir, b. 1897 
Hon. Arthur Cosby T., b. 1899. 
Hon. Dudley Oliver T., b. 1901. 
Bros, and sists. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1*889): 
(Present Baron, b. 1868.) 

Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Limerick 



120 



ASP 



Directory of Peerage, 



ATS 



1895, b. 1869, mar. 1893 Frances Elizabeth, dau. 

of Walter T. K Shawe-Taylor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

William T.). Res., Clonodfoy Castle, Kilfinane, 

Kilmallock, Co. Limerick. 
Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smythe, 

b. 1871 mar. 1303 Capt. Alan Theodore S. Res., 

Milford Lodge, Craven Arms S.O., Salon. 
Hon. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. Green- Wilkinson, b. 

1873, mar. 1904 Maj. Lewis Fredc. G.-W. 

-Sist.-in-laiv : 

Hon, Mrs. Sydney T. (Elinor Mary, dau. of Dr. J. C. 
Cox, of N.S. W. ), mar, 1905, 2nd hush., the late Hon. 
Sydney T. (d. same year). 

j Son o/2ndBn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphin T., formerly Capt. 1st Drgns. 
and Maj. King's Co. Militia, High Sheriff of Tip- 
perary 1886, is a D.L. for same : b. 1344, mar. 1873 
Maria, dan. of Sir Richd. Musgrave, 4th Bt. of 
Tourin (Hon. Mrs. Cosby T.). Res., Sopwell Hall, 
Cloughjordan S.O., Co. Tipperary. 

— Dau. -in-law (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne T. (ne'e Le-Poer-Trench), dau. of 3rd E. of 
Clancarty, b. 1839, mar. 1867 the late Hon. Fredk. 
Sydney Chas. T., father of present En. (d. 1879). 

ASPINALL, Lt.-Col. Eobeet Lowndes,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd Batt. Yorks. 
Eegt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1899-1902 as A.D.C. : 
b. 1869. 

ASUUITH, Priv. Counc. Et. Hon. Herbert 
Henry Asauith, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892), K C. (1890), 
B.A., LKD., D.C.L., M.P. for E. Fife (L.), 
Chanc. of Exchequer and an Eccles. Commissr., 
formerly Sec. of State for Home Dept., el. 1905 
Lord Eector of Glasgow Univ. : b. 1852, mar. 
1894, 2nd wife. Bes., 20 Cavendish Sq., W. ; 
Treasury, Whitehall, S.W. 

ASSEE, Lieut. Verney, D.S.O. (1902), B.A., 
S. Africa 1896-8 and 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ASTELL, Capt. Somerset Charles Godfrey 
Fairfax, D.S.O. (1900-1), late N. Staffs. Eegt.; 
Dongola 1896, S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1866. Bes., 
West Lodge, Piddlehinton, Dorchester. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." For Astley-Corbett, see " Cor- 
bett " Uate Astley Baronetcy). 

ASTON, Col. George Grey, C.B. (Mil. 1902), 
E.M.A., Soudan 1884, and S. Africa 1899-1900; 
formerly a Professor at the Boy. Nav. College, 
now a D.A.A.G. Staff Coll. : b. 1861. Bes., Staff 
College, Camberley, Surrey. 

ASTON, William George, C.M.G. (1889), 
M.A., D.Litt., formerly Cons.-Gen. for Corea, 
2nd Sec. to Legat. at Tokio, Student Inter- 
preter, &c, a writer on Japanese literature : b. 
1841. Bes., The Bluff, Beer S.O., Devon. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, I.S.O. (1902), Librar. 
in Colon. Office : b. 1850. Bes., 25 Dennington 
Pk. Ed., W. Hampstead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, 3rd Bishop of— not yet ap- 
pointed (Bp. of Mackenzie P.iver acting). Bes., 
Athabasca Landing, Alta, N.W.T., Canada. 

ATHEELEY, Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, 
dau. of 17th E. of Suffolk. 

ATHEETON, Col. Thomas James, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), B. A., late comdg. 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1856. Bes., 82 Sloane St.. S.W. 

ATHLTJMNEY {pron. Ath'lumny), Baron. 
James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 
ville, 2nd Bn. {Irel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 
Meredyth (U.K.) ; a Page of Honour to three 
L"ish Viceroys and late A.D.C., has been Capt. 
and Hon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut. 
Coldstrm. Gds., served in Egypt and Dongola, and 
in S. Africa 1900 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. March 23, 
1865; sue. 1873 (C.) ; unmrrd. Heir, none to 
Peerage ; to Baronetcy a remote cousin, William 
Dh*inistoun S. (b. 1842, gt.-gt. grandson of 1st | 



Bt. ; 2nd heir, 1st heir's bro., Henry Belling- 
! ham, b. 1848). Seat, Somerville, Navan, Co. 
: Meath ; townres., 3 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
! Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1748 ; Bn. Athlumney, 1863. 
j U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, i856.— The Bt. lion. Sir William 
Meredyth Somerville, 5th Bt., M.P. for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Imper. Peerages. 

Titled Relatives. 

(Somerville.) 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Anne Blanche S., b. 1S61. Res., Broom- 
ham Farm, Battle S.O., Sussex. 
Hon. Georgiana Alice Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 
Tottenham, b. 1S62, mar. 18S8 Cha3. G. Loftus T., 
Esq.. Res., Tudenham Pk., Mullingar, Co. H'est- 
I meath. 

i (Present Baron, b. 1865.) 

Hon. Cecilia Louisa S., b. 1866. Res., with Hon. Mary. 
Hon. Florence Emily Frances, now Hon. Mrs. 
I William Starmcr, b. 1869, mar. 1901 Wm. Wooding 

S., Esq., Assoc. R.A.M. Res., 20 Warwick Pk., 
Tunb. Wells. 

ATHOLL, Duke of. John James Hugh 
! Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke (Scot.), sits 
! as Earl Strange ( Gt. Br) ; K.T. (1868) , Lord Lieut. 
! and Hered. Sheriff of Perthsh., Hon. Col. 3rd 
j Batt. Black Wateh (Mil.), formerly Capt. Scots 
Gds. : son of 6th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1840 ; sue. 1864 
(C), and in 1865 inherited the Percy Barony; 
restored 1893 the orig. spelling of his title 
I ("Atholl" instead of "Athole"); mar. 1863 
the late Louisa, dau. of Sir Thos. Moncreiffe, 7th 
! Bt. (she died 1902). Seats, Blair Castle (Blair 
; Atholl) and Dunk eld House (Dunkeld), both 
Perthsh. ; town res., 84 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of Tullibardine, 1604 ; 
[ E. of Tullibardine, 1606 and 1676; E. of Atholl, 1629; 

M. of Atholl, Vise, of Balquhidder, and Ld. Murray, Bal- 
; venie, and Gask, 1676 (Baronies renewed 1703) ; I), of 
! Atholl, M. of Tullibardine, E. of Strathtyy and 

md, 



Strathardle, Vise, of Balquhidder, Glcnalmon d, and 
Glenlyon, 1703. Eng. : Bn. Strange, 1623 by writ. 
Gt. Br. : Earl Strange and Bn. Murray of Stanley, 
1785 ; also (inherited through a gt. uncle, the 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
I)., whose own son became gth I).). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of Tullibardine. His 
grandson the 3rd Earl of T. obtained in 1629 a re-grant of 
the Earldom of Atholl, which had become extinct. The 
2nd Earl of A. was created Marquess, and the 3rd 
obtained the Dukedom. The 2nd Duke succeeded to the 
Barony of Strange in the English Peerage (by writ), 
which had originally been conferred upon his maternal 
ancestor the 7th Earl of Derby; the 4th obtained the 
Earldom. The name of Stewart was brought into the 
family by marriage in the 14th century ; but we can find 



no record as to when or by whom 
fixed to the patronymic. 



was formally pre- 



Titled Relatives. 
(Stewart-Murray.) 
Issue of present (7/7;) D. (himself sole issue of 6th) : 
Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Ruggles-Brise, 
b. 1S66, mar. 1895 Maj. Harold Goodeve R.-B. Res., 
19 Hanover Terr., Keg. Pk., N.W. 
Lady Helen S.-M., b. 1867. 
Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. 1868. 

The deceased John, M. of Tullibardine, b. & d. 1869. 

Marq. oe Tullibardine (jjron. Tullibardcen'), heir 
to Dukedom: John George S.-M., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1902), D.S.O. (1898) a D.L. for Perthsh., Maj. 
Roy. Horse Gds., served with Nile Expedn. 1898, 
and in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly in comd. of 1st 
Scott. Horse, which Kegt. lie raised and of which 
he is Lt.-Col. in comd. : b. 1871, mar. 1899 Katha- I 
rine Marjory, dau. of Sir Jas. II. Ramsay, 10th 
Bt. of Bamff. Club, Turf. 

Lord George S.-M., 2nd heir, Capt. Black AVatch, 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

Lord James Thoma3 S.-M., Lieut. Cameron Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1879. 



ATK 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



AVE 



121 



ATKINSON, family riame of follg. Bny., 
qiV. for " Hons.," and see also below. 

ATKINSON, Baron. John Atkinson, Life. 
Veer, P.C. {Irel. 1892; Gt. Br. 1905), LL.D., a 
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, has been twice 
Attorn.-Gen. for Ireld., M.P. 1895-1905, cr. Q.C. 
1880: son of Edwd. Atkinson, Esq., M.D. ; b. 
3844; cr. a Life Baron 1905 (C); mar. 1S73 
Bowena, dau. of the late Bichd. Chute, Esq., 
M.D. lies., 68 iitzwilliam Sq., Dublin. 

Issue. 
(Atkinson.) 
Hon. Edward Chute A., b. 1S74. 
Hon. Cecil Thomas .4., b. 1S76. 
Hon. Hector John A., h. 1879. 
Hon. Herbert Rowan A., b. 1882. 



dau. 



of 6th 
'Eich- 



ATKINSON, Hon. Mrs. James, 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

AUBIGNY, Duo d' {France 1684) 
mond and G., D. of." 

AUCHINDOUN, &c, Baron (Scot. 1600) -sec 
"Huntly, M. of." 

AUCHTEBHOTJSE, Baron {Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Barox. William Morton Eden, 
5th Bn. {Gt. Br. and Irel.), formerly Capt. 
in Dorset Eegt. and Yorks. Mil. : son of 4th Bn. ; 
b. March 27, 1859 5 sue. 1890 (C.) ; mar. 1891 Sibyl 
Constance, dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hut- 
ton, C.B. Res., 7 Launceston PI., Kens., W. 

Creations. Bn. Auckland, Irel. 1789, Gt. Br. 1793.— 
The 1st Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 
to Prance. His successor was promoted (1839) to be 
Earl of Auckland, but the title lapsed at his death in 
1849. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Eden.) 

Issue of present {$t7i) Bn.: 

Hon. AVilliam Alfred Morton E., heir to Baroivy, 
b. 1892. 

Hon. Frederick Colvin George E., 2nd heir, b. 1893. 
Surviving issue of \(h Bn. (bro., sists., and half- 
bros. of present) : 

By 1ST MRKGE. 

(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Bulcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Sutton-Xel- 
thorpe, b. i860, mar. 1885 Robt. Nassau S.-N., Esq. 
Res., Scawby, Brigg, Lines. 

Hon. George E., b. 1861, mar. i883 Amy Violet 
Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. Chas. R. Hay- 
Drummond and granddau. of 10th E. of Kinnoull 
(Hon. Mrs. George E.). Res., Red Cottage, Long 
Cross, Chertsey, Surrey. 

Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. Res., Larkhill, Ranskill, 
Bawtry S.O , Yorks. 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. 



AUCKLAND, Bishop of. Et. Bev. Moore 
Bichard Nellgpn, M.A., 3rd Bp., late Vic. of 
St. Stephen's, Westbourne Pk. : b. 1863, mar. 
1894, cons. 1903. Res., Bishopscourt, Auckland. 
(The Bp. of Dunedin is now Primate of N.Z.) 

AUDLEY Barony (Eng. 1313 by writ)— in 
abeyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 
Surviving Relatives. 
( 'Chick nesse- Touchet. ) 
Daus. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heiresses to the 
succession, producing the abeyance) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T., b. 1838. 
Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 
Ban. -in-law of lgth Bn.: 

Hon. Mrs. John T.-T. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Jno. H., Blennerhasset, Esq.), mar. 184a the late | 
Hon. John Nicholas T.-T. (d. 1861). 
AULD, Maj.-Gen. Bobert, C.B. (Civ. 1902), j 
Dir. of Supplies and Clothing at Headqrs., has 
beenA.D.C. to Gov. of Malta and Assist. Dir. - 
Gen. of Ordnance, now comdg. an Inf. Brig, at 
Gibraltar : b. 1848. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir Wjlliam- Michael 
Byron Austin, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1894), son of 1st Bt., 
b. 1871, sue. 1906, mar. 1896 Violet Irene, dau. 
of Alex. Fraser, Esq. Heir, his son John Byron 
Eraser (b. 1897; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Eonalcl, b. 1904). Seats, Castleford, Yorks.; 
Eryston Hall, Ferrybridge S.O., same Co. 

AUSTIN, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
A. (Agnes, dau. of the late Saml. S. Byron, 
Esq.), mar. 1866 Sir Jno. Austin, 1st Bt., M.P. 
(d. 1906). 

AUSTIN, Maj. Herbert Henry, C.M.G. (1901), 
D.S.O. (1899), B.E., Waziristan 1894-5, Uganda i 
1898, was employed in Brit. E. Afr. Protect. 
1897-9, aftds. on Survey Duty in Egjqrt : b. 1868. 
j Res., 23 Beaufort Ed., Clifton, Bristol. 
I AETICHAMP, Cooitesse Charles de Beau- 
I mont d', sist. of 2nd Bn. Churston. (Name 
variously given as Autichamp, Aulticharnp, Autri- 
champ, Auticamp, Antichamp, and Antichm.) ! 

AVA, Earl of {U.K. 1888), a title of the! 
Dufferin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heir 
I when a first-bom son. j 
I AVEBUEY (pron. Ayv-), Baron. John Lul- \ 
I bock, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. Br. i 
I 1890), D.C.L., LL.D., Hon. M.D., F.E.S. I 
1 (Vice-Pres.), E.S.A. & F.L.S. (Pres.), a D.L. j 
for Kent, a Lieut, for the City of London (formerly j 
Chmn. L.C.C.), head of the bank of Eobarts, I 
Lubbock, and Co., Pres. of Centr. Assoc. of j 
Bankers and of Lond. Chamb. of Commerce, j 
: a Trustee of Brit. Mus., late Vice - Chanc. j 
I London Univ., for which he was M.P. 1880- ! 



Mrs. Godfrey Chetwynd, b. 
867, mar.c jo4, as 2nd wife, Codfrev John Boyle 1900 (prev. for Maidstone from 1870) : son of 
C, Esq., son of Capt Hon. Hy. W. Chetwynd, 3rd Bt. ; b. April 30, 1834 ; sue. as dth Bt. 1865, 

cr. Bn. 1900 (L.U.) ; mar., 1st, 1856, the late Ellen 
Frances (d. 1879), dau. of the late Bev. P. 
Hordern; 2ndiy, 1884, Alice Augusta Laurentia, 
dau. of Maj.-Gen. Aug. H. Lane Fox-Pitt- 
Eivers. Seats, High Elms, Down, Farnborough, 
Kent ; Kingsgate Castle, nr. Kamsgate ; town res., 



R.N. Res., Park Lane Hall, Boneaster. 
By 3rd mrrge. (none by 2nd). 
Hon. Robert Evelyn E., b. 1876. Club, Travellers'. 
Hon. Ashley Morland E., b. 1878. Res., Stonepitt 
Grange, with widow below. 
I Issue of 3rd Bn. (uncle and aunts of present) : 
) 



(The late 4th Baron, b. 1829, d. 1890 
Hon. Florence Selina E., b. 1335. 

House. Maidenhead, Berks. 
Hon. Maria Harriet E., b. 1836. 
ceding. 

Hon. Robert Henley Shaw E., b. 1840. mar. 1862 
Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late Rev. Eredk. Hild- 
yard (Hon. Mrs. Robt. E.). Res., Tyddynllan, 
Llandrillo, Corwen, Merionethsh. 

AUCKLAND, Baron's Widow {remrrd.). 
Edith, Lady A., dau. of Sir Win. Eden, 6th Bt., 
mar., 1st, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. Auckland 
(d. 1890) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons, Esq.— 
retaining title by courtesy. Res . , Stonepitt Grange, 
Seal, Sevenoaks, Kent. 



Res.. Boyx« Hill 1 6 St. James's Sq., S.W. : offices, 15 Lombard St. 
E.C. 

Res., with pre- Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1806; Bn. Avebury, 190a. 

Issue. 
(Lubbock.) 

BY 1ST MRRGE. 

Hon. Amy Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Ferdinand van 
Zandt, b. 1857, mar. 1884, 2nd husb., the late 
Eerd. S. van ^.,Esq. (d. 1892). Re*., The Croft, 
Bradwell-on-Sea, Southminster S.O., Essex ; 56 Elm 
Park Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 
Hon. John Birkbeck. L., heir to Barony, a B.L. for 
Kent and a partner in the bank of Robarta, 
Lubbock, and Co. : b. 1858. Res., 14A Berkeley St., 
W. 



122 AVE 



Directory of Peerage, 



AYL 



Hon* Norman L., and heir, served in S. Africa : 
b. 1861. Res., Down, Farnborough, Kent. 

The late Hon. Constance Mary, aftds. Hon. Mrs. 
Charles Button, b. 186-, d. 1892, having mar. 1882 
Chas. Sydney B., Esq. 

Hon. Rolfe Arthur L., formerly Lieut. 3rd Middx. 
Rifle Vols. : b. 1865, mar. 1894 Ethel, dau. of the 
late Thos. A. Lawford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rolfe L.). 
Res., xi Sloane Gdns., S.W. 

Hon. Gertrude L-, b. 186-. 

By 2ND M URGE. 

Hon. Ursula now Hon. Mrs. Adrian Grant-Duff, b. 

1885, mar. 1906 Cant. Adr. G.-D. 
Hon. Irene, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Pelham, b. 1886, 

mar. 1905 Edwd. H. P., Esq. 
Hon. Haroid Fox Pitt L., b. 1888. 
Hon. Eric Fox Pitt L.,b. 1893. 
Hon. Maurice Fox Pitt L., b. 1900. 
AVE LAND, Baron (U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
ter, B. of." 

AVEN, Baron {Scot. 1643)— see " Hamilton, I) - 
of." 

AVERY, Baronet. Sir William Beilby Avery, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1905), son of the late Wm. Hy. 
Avery, Esq., of Birmingham ; b. 1S54, mar. 1902, 
2nd -wife, Suzanne Mathilde Irma, dau. of 
Mons. Pierre Crets, of Paris. Heir, his son 
William Eric Thomas (b. 1890; no present 2nd 
heir). Seat, Oakley Ct., Bray, Maidenhead. 
* AVIGLIANO, Duchessa d', dau. of 6th D. of 
Newcastle (the aV for di) . 

AVIS, John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1005), Ghf. of 
Continental Dept. S.E. & Ch. R. : b. 1851. Res., 
4 Park Crese., Ciapham Pk., S.W. 

AVONMORE, Viscount. Algernon William 
Yelverton, 6th Vise. [IreL), late Capt. Dublin City 
Artill. (Mil.), served in W. Africa 1902-3 : son 
of 4th V. and bro. of 5th ; b. Nov. 19, 1866 ; 
sue. 1885 ; mar. 1890 Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. 
Evans, Esq., of Gortmerron, Tyrone. Seats, Belle 
Isle, Roscrea, Co. Tipperaiy ; Hazle Rock, West- 
port, Co. Mayo. 

Creations. Trel.: Bn. Yelverton, 1795; Vise. Avonmore, 
1800.— Barry Yelverton, the 1st Bn. and Vise, was an 
orator and statesman, Attorney-General for Ireland, a 
P.C., and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heie. 
( Yelverton. ) 
Dau. of present {6th) V.: 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel Y., b. 1892. 
Issue of 4th V. (two others deceased) : 
(The late 5th Viscount, b. 1859, d. 1885.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1866.) 
Issue of 3rd V. (aunts of present) : 
(The lata 4th Viscount, b. 1824, d. 1883.) 
Hon. Louisa Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Rudolph 
Hultzsch, b. 1827, mar. 1873 Herr Rud. Herm. //. 
Res., Dresden. 
Hon. Anna, now Hon. Mrs. James Walker, b. 1833, 
mar. 1859 the lace James W., Esq. (d. 1901). Res., 
Hanley Lodge, Corstorphine S.O., Midlothian. 
Hon. Maletta, now Hon. Mrs. Crofton Vandeleur, 
b. 1839, mar. 1868 the late Capt. Crofton T. B. V. 
(d. 1881). Res., Wardenstown, Athlone, Co. West- 
meath. 
— Dau. -in -law : 

[Hon. Mrs. George I". (Louisa Lenox, dau. of the 
late Guy L. Prendergast, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1857, the 
late Hon. Geo. F. Wm. 1". (d. i860) ; 2udly, 1376, 
the late Chas. Fetherstonhaugh, Esq. id. 1S85)— 
forfeiting her claim to title. Res., Manor Farm 
House, Windsor.] 
Heir pres. (a 1st cous. once removed, grandson of 
2nd V. and son of Hon. Wm. Yelverton) : 
William Henry Morgan Y., Esq., b. 1840. Res., 
Whitland Abbey, Carmarthen. (No 2nd heir.) 
AVONMORE, Viscount's Widow. Dowager 
Viscountess A. (Emily Marianne, dau. of the 
late Maj. -Gen. Sir Chas. Ashworth, K.C.B., and 
widow of Edwd. Forbes, Esq., F.R.S.), mar. 1858 
4th Vise. Avonmore (d. 18S3). Res., Villa Gobert, 
Biarritz. 



AWDRY, Bishop— see "Tokio, Sth." 
AWDRY, Knig ht. Sir Richard Davis Awdry, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Acct.-Gen. to the Navy, 
prev. Assist. Sec. to Admiralty, is a member of 
Roy. Patriotic Eund Corp. : b. 1843, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Katharine Louise James. Res., Gordon 
Lodge, Claygate, Esher, Surrey ; Brithdwr Hall, 
Berriew S.O., Montgom. ; 63 Victoria Rd., Kens., 
W. 

AYLESFORD, Earl of. Charles Wight- 
! wick Finch, 8th Earl {Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
i Warwicks., late Hon. Col. 4th Batt. S. Staffordsh. 
Regt. (Mil.): son of 6th E. and bro. of 7th; b. 
June 7, 1851; sue. 1885 (67.); mar., 1st, 1873, 
the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. 
of 3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, 
Ella Victoria, dau. of the late Jno. Ross, Esq., and 
widow of Capt. Jas. H. Linton. Seats, Packing- 
ton and Diddington Halls, Coventry ; The Friars, 
Aylesford, Maidstone. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, Eng. 1703 ; E. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Winchilsea and Nottingham, its first representative 
being the 2nd son of the 1st F'arl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-General, and was distinguished as principal of 
the advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the 
reigu of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to 
the above Barony and Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Finch.) 
Issue of f resent {8th) E. : 

Lady Violet Ella, now Lady V. Crawley, b. 1880, 

mar. 1904 Maj. Eustace C. 
Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthington, b. 
1881, mar. 190 1 William Worthington W., Esq. 
Res., Nethcrseale Old Hall, Ashby-deda-Zouch. 
Lord Guernsey, heir to Earldom: Heneage Grcvilie 
F., late Lieut. Irish Gds. and A.D.C. to Gen. Sir 
F. Forrestier- Walker at Gibraltar : b. 1833. 
Hon. Charles Daniel F., znd heir, b. 1886. 
Hon. Ronald William Edward F., R.N., b. 18O9. 

Daus. of 7th E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Maj. Malcolm Donald M., 
M.V.O., q.v. 

Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Danby, 
b. 1875, mar. 1901 Philip Saml. D., Esq. Res., 
Offchurch, Len.mingtonSpa. 
Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1849, d. 1885.) 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmine, now Lady A. 
Murray, b. 1853, mar. 1875 Chas. Jas. M., Esq., 
grandson of sth E. of Dunmorc. /?<?s.,Loch Carron 
S.O., Ross-sh. ; 41 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 
AYLESFORD, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Jane Wightwick, dau. of the 
late Jno. W. Knightley, Esq.), mar. 1846 6th E. 
of Aylesford (d. 1871). Res., The. Bury, Leam- 
ington Spa. 

AYLMER, family name of following Barony. 
AYLMER, Baron. Matthew Aylmer. 8th Bn. 
{Irel.) and a Bt., Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen.) and 
Insp.-Gen. of Canadian Militia, formerly 
Lieut. 7th Foot : son of 7th Bn. ; b. March 
28, 1842; sue. 1901; mar. 1875' Amy Gertrude, 
dau. of Hon. Jno. Young, of Montreal. Res., 
Ottawa. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. de 
Balrath, 1718.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was 
awarded this Peerage in recognition of his services : he 
was 2nd son of the 1st Bt., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : they are distinct from the 
Btcy. below. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Aylmer.) 
Issue of present {8th) Bn. : 

Hon. Amelia Winifred A., b. 1876. 



AYL Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BAG- 123 



Hon. John Frederick. "WhitWorth A., heir to 

Barony, b. iS80. 
Hon. Kennetli Athalmar A., and heir, b. 1883, 
Hon. Basil Ldolphus A., b. 1886. 
Hon. Florence Gwendolyn A., b. 1S91. 

Surviving issue of Jth Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Ilenrv A., Canad. M.P., barrister, Sheriff of 
St. Francis List., Quebec, and Lt.-Col. Canad. 
Artill. Mil. : b. 1843, mar. 1370 Louisa Blanche 
Fanny, dau of the late Hy. A. Howe, Esq,, LL.D. 
(Hon. Mrs. Henry A.). Res., Lennoxville, Quebec. 
Hon. Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, 
mar. 1872 her cousin, the lateHy. Lovell Aylmer, 
Esq. (d. 1882). Res., Richmond, Quebec. 
Hon. Frederick Whitworth A., O.E. to Govt, of 
Canad. Domin. and Capt. Canad. Mil.: b. 1850, mar. 
1899 Emma Meredith, dau. of R. Lang, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Frederick A.). Res., Golden, Brit. Columbia. 
AYLMEE, Baronet. Sir Arthur Percy 
I Fitzgerald Aylmer, 12th Bt. {Irel. 1621), grand- 
li son" of nthBt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
y J. Aylmer; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, 2nd 
■wife, but divorced 1886 (by an American wife 
; who had prev. been divorced herself). Heir pres., 
I his bro. Col. Fenton John A., U(fD (b. 1862; 2nd 
heir, their uncle Capt. John Evans Freke A., 
f b. 1838). Res., Ddnadea Lodge, West End, 
p Southampton. 

AYLMER, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. 
I (Alice Hester Caroline, dau. of Conway R. Dobbs, 
£ Esq.), mar. 1853 Sir Gerald G. Aylmer, gth Bt. 
(d. 1883). Res., Reduit, Monkstown, Co. Dublin. 
AYLMER, Col. Edmund Kendal Grimston, 
I C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg. 19th Hussars; Egypt 
I and Soudan 1882-5, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 
i Club, Nav. and Mil. 

AYR, Viscount (Scot. 1622)— see "Bute, M. 
j of." 

AYSCOUGH (PERRY-), Hon. Mrs. George, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Congleton. 

AYTOUN, Maj. Andrew,D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. 
and Suthd. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, was 
with Colon. Forces in Queensld. 1898 : b. i860. 



B. 



BABINGTON, Col. James Melville, C.M.G. 
I (1906). 

ti BABTIE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1899), 
W (1899), R.A.M.C., M.B., L.R.C.P., a Kt. of 
Grace Si.. John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-8, S. Africa 

j 1899-1900. late Assist. Dir.-Gen. A.M.S. : b. 1859. 

j Res., 21 Carlisle Mansns., Westmr., S.W., and 

; 68 Victoria St., S.W. 

! 1 BACKHOUSE, Baronet. Sir Jonathan Ed- 
j mund Backhouse, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1901), a D.L. for N. 
Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
I son of the late Edmd. Backhouse, Esq.., of Tre- 
| bah, Cornwall : b. 1849, widower. Heir, his son 
I Edmund Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Oliver, Lieut. R.N., b. 1876). Seats, Uplands, 
I Darlington ; The Rookery, Middleton Tyas S.O., 
' I Yorks. 

! BACKHOUSE, Col. Julius Batt, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late East Kent Regt. (the Buffs) ; Zulu 
War 1879, and S. Africa 1900-2 : b, 1854. Res., 

, The Citadel, Dover. 



BACKHOUSE, Maj. Miles Roland Charles, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northumbd. Imper. Yeom.; S. 
Africa igoo-2 : b. 1878 (4th son of above Bt*). 

BACON, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 
Bacon, 11th Bt. of Redgrave {Eng. 1611, Premier 
Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhail, Eng. 
1627), F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
1887), a Co. Aid. for Lindsey Div., formerly 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 16th Bt., b. 1855, j 
sue. 1872. Heir pres., his bro. Nicholas Henry j 
(b. 1857 ; 2nd heir, latter' s son Edmund Castell, \ 
b. 1903). Seat, Thonock Hall, Gainsborough, j 
Lines.; town res., Queen Anne's Mansns., St. 
James's Pk., S.W. 

*** The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Vcrulam, commonly, 
but incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St. Albans (a facsimile of his autograph in 
Doyle's "Baronage" gives it as St. Alban), all his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Roger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son, Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became 1st Bt. 

BACON, Capt. Reginald Hugh Spencer, 
D.S.O. (1897), R.N., Benin 1897, now Nav. Assist, 
to First Sea Lord of Admiralty, author of a 
' Manual of Electric Lighting for the Navy : ' 
b. 1863. 

BADCOCK, Knight. Gen. Sir Alexander 
Robert Badcock, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902), C.S.I. (1895), 
LA. retd., served in Bhutan Espedn. 1864-5, 
Hazara 1868, Perak 1875-6. Afghanistan 1878-80, 
now a Memb. Counc. of India, was Q.M G. in 
India 1895-1900: b. 1844, mar. 1865 Theophila 
Lowther, dau. of J. S. Dumergae, Esq. Res., 
44 Grosvenor Rd., S.W. 

BADCOCK, Maj. Francis Frederick, D.S.O. 
(1892), I.A., Hazara 1888 and 1891, 2nd Miran- 
zai, Hunza Nagar, Waziristan, and Tirah 1897-8 : 
b. 1867 (son of preceding). 

BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 
late Controller of London Postal Service, in 
G.P.O. 1858-1905: b. 1840. Ees., Springfield, 
Brodrick Rd., Upp. Tooting, S.W. 

BADENOCH, Baron {Scot. 1600), a title of the 
Huntly Marquessate. 

BAGGE, Baronet. Sir Alfred Thomas Bagge, 
3rd Bt. {U.K. 1867), retired Capt. R.N. (served 
in China 1857-61), a D. L. for Norfolk : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1843, sue - 1881, mar. 1872 
Millicent Case, dau. of the late Jno. G. Morris, 
Esq.. Heir, his son Alered William Francis 
(b. 1875; 2nd heir, next son, John Picton, b. 
1877). Seat, Stradsett Hall, Downham Market, 
Norfolk. 

BAGGE, Baronet's Widow {remrrd.). Alice, 
Lady B., dau. of the late Alf. Giles, Esq., mar., 
1st, 1865, Sir Wm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
2ndly, 1889, Wm. "W ainwright, Esq., but retains 
title by right. 

BAGGE, Maj. Richard Ludwig, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 3rd Batt. Norf. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1872. Res., Islington Hall, 
King's Lynn. 

BAGOT, family name of following Barony. 

BAGOT, Baron. William Bagot, 4th Bn. 
{Gt. Br.) and a Bt., F.S.A., F.L.S. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Chamb. and Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in comd. Staffordsh. 
I Yeom., formerly A.D.C.to Gov.-Gen. of Canada : 



I2 4 



BAG 



Directory of Peerage, 



BAI 



son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1857 ; sue. 1887 (0.) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian, dau. of the late Mr. Henry May, 
of Maryland, U.S.A. Seats, Blithtield, Rugeley, 
I Staffs. ; Pool Pk., Ruthin, Denbighsh. {let). 
i Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1627; Bn. Bagot, Gt. Br. 

1780.— Sir Wm. Bagot, 1st Br.., was M.l^ for Staffordshire ; 
1 the 2nd was a distinguished scientist. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bagot.) 

! Issue of present {4th) Bn.: 
j Hon. Barbara B., b. 1903. 

I Surviving issue, of 3/^ Bn. (bro. and sists. of 

j present) : 

Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaio, prev. 

I Hamar Bans, b. 1853, mar. 1901, 2nd hush., llev. 

I Benid. J). Douglas >>'., Vie. of Cli. Ch. Albany St., 

W. Res., 5 Hereford Gdns., Park Ln., W. 

j (Present Baron, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Katherinc Jane, now Hon. Mrs. David Smythe, 
b. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray 8. Res., 

! Metliven Castle, Perth. 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Mrs. 

I Newdigate- Xewjr.gute, a Lady of Grace St. John 

j Jems.: b. 1861, mar. i838 Fras. Alex. Newdigate, 

I Esq., who assumed the addit. name of Newdegate 

I 1902. Res., Arbury, Nuneaton, Warwicks. ; West 

Hallam, Derby. 
Hon. Walter Lewis B., heir pres. to Barony, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., served in S. Africa 

I 1900-1, late Capt. 1st Batt. C!ren. Ods. : b. 1864, 

mar. 1892 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. of the late 
Hon. Fredk. W. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl Cadogan 
(Hon. Mrs. Walter B., 1 Southwiek Cre-c, Oxford 
Sq., W.i. (2nd heir, his son Edward Lewis Henry, 
b. 1896.) 

BAGOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lucy 
Franeesca, dau. of the late Edmund G. Hornby, 
Esq.), mar. 1851 Sir Chas. S. Bagot, Kt. Bach., 
an Hon. Commissi-, in Lunacy (d. 1906). Res., 
The Gables, East Sheen, Mort'lake, S.W. 

BAGOT, Col. Charles Hervey, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), R.E. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-9, Bechuanald. 
1884-5, late Dep. Insp.-Gen. of Fortificns. : b. 
1847. -ffes.,Brook Cottage, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

BAHRTA— see " Delia Bahria." 

BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BAILEY, Knight (1). Sir James Bailey, Kt. 
Bach. (1905), a D.L. for Norfolk, late an M.P. 
(C): b. 1P40, mar. 1S96, 2nd wife, Lily, dau. of 
the late Adolphus Fast, Esq. Ties.. Lofts Hal!, 
Saffron Walden ; 1 Prince's Gt., SAY. 

BAILEY, Knight (2). Sir William Henry 
Bailey, Kt. Bach. (1894), Manag. Dir. of W. H. 
Bailey and Co., Mayor of Salford 1893-4 and Past 
Pres. of Manch. Assoc. of Engineers, a pioneer of 
the Ship Canal : b. 1838, widower. Res., Sale Hall, 
Cheshire, nr. Manchester; Glan-y-Mor, Beaumaris. 

BAILEY, Capt. Arthur Harold, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Lanes. Regt. ; Rhodesia 1836-7 and 
Boer War 1899-1902, now Qmr. in Cav. School : 
b. 1873. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. John, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lyttelton— see "Cobham." 

BAILEY, Capt. Percy James, D.S.O. (1902), 
12th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1873 (son 
of above Sir Jas. Bailey). 

BAILEY, Rowland, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
I.S.O. (1904), Controller of Stationery Office, prev. 
of Stores, Works Office. 

BAILEY, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 
1906), Estima'es Commissi-, in Ireld. 

BAILEY, William Henry, I.S.O. (1905), 
Colon. Postmr., Barbados. Bes., Bridgetown. 

BAILLIE, Baronet. Sir Robert Alexander 
BaiUie, 4th Bt. of Polkemmet {U.K. 1823), B.A., 
Maj. 4th Co. of Lond. Imper. Yeom. : bro. of 3rd 
Bt. and nephew of 2nd, b. 1859, sue. 1896, mar. 
1887 Isabel, dau. of the late David E. Wilkie, Esq., 



of Melbourne. Heir, his son Gawain George 
j Stuart (b. 1893 ; 2nd heir, next son, Adrian 
j William Maxwell, b. 1898). Club, Melbourne, 
j BAILLIE, Baronet's Widow. Mary, Lady ! 
j B., dau. of Stair H. Stewart, Esq., mar.' 1846 Sir 
I Wm. Baillie, 2nd Bt. (d. 1890). Bes., Polkemmet, 
! Whitburn, Linlithgowsh. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Boyne. 

BAILLIE, Lt.-Col. Augustus Charles, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army ; S. Africa 1900-2, 
now Maj. Lo vat's Scouts : b. 1861. 

BAILLIE, Lady Blanche Harriet Emma, 
sist. of 4th E. of Malmesbury. 
j BAILLIE, Col. James Evan Bruce, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), V.D., formerly M.P. for Inver- 
ness-sh. (Q.). Res., Doehfour, Inverness; 71 Sth. 
I Audley St., W. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of Bn. Burton, 
I and wife of preceding. 

BAILLIE, Lieut. John Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), 
j S. African Constab., late with Ind. Police ; Boer 
War 1901-2: b. 1874. 

BAILLIE (COCHRANE-), family name of! 
Lamington Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 
j BAILLIE-HAMILTON— see 1 ' Hamilton (B.-)" 
j BAINBRIDGE, Knight. Col. Sir Edmond 
Bainbridge, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), R.A. retd. (1898), 
j late Supt. of Ordn. Factories and of Roy. Labora- 
tory, Woolwich, has also been Instr. to Sch. of 
Gunnery, Sec. of Ordn. Cmttee., &c. : b. 1841, 
mar. 1880, 2nd wife, Kate, dau. of Jno. Page, 
Esq. Bes., Sheringham S.O., Norfolk. 

BAINBRIDGE, Capt. Norman Bruce, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Rid. Regt. ; Boer War 1899-1901, now 
an Ordn. Offr. 4th class : b. 1869. 

BAINBRIDGE, Capt. William Frank, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), LA. ; N. W. Frontier 1897-8, China 1900 : 
b. 1873. 

BA1NES, Bishop — see "Natal," and note 
" Baynes " as distinct. 

BAINES, Knight. Sir (Jervoise) Athel- 
stane Raines j Kt. Bach. (1905), C.S.I. (1894), 

F. R.G.S.,F.R.S.S.(Hon. Sec ),late Aid. L.C.C.,in 
I.C.S. 1868-95 as Magistrate, Forest Offr., Census 
Commissi"., &c, author of several works on India : 
b. 1847, mar. 1874 Conrtance, dau. of the late 
Henry Pyne, Esq. Res., Home Close, Kidlington, 
Oxford. 

BAINES, Frederick Ebenezer, C.B. (Civ. 
1885), late Surv.-Gen. of Telegrs. and Assist. Sec. 

G. P.O., ret. 1893, is author of several works : b. 
1832. lies., Tunb. Wells. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Newbyth. Sir David 
Baircl, 3rd Bt. (O.K.' 1809), a D.L. for Co. 
Haddington and Commissi', of Supply for 
Midlothian, formerly Maj. 98th Regt. and of 
74th Highldrs., served in Kaffir and Crimean 
Wars and in Mutiny : son of 2nd Bfc., b. 1832, 
sue. 1852, mar. 1864 Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of 
12th Bn. Blantyre (Hon. Lady Baird of Newbyth). 
Heir, his son Capt. David B. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, William Arthur, b. 1879) . Seat, Newbyth 
House, Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. 

*#* T'nis line is a branch of the following. The 1st 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.C.B., was a distinguished 
military eommander who figured at the ca.pture of 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corimna. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Saughton Hall.- Sir 
William James Gardiner Baird, 8th Bt. (Scot. 
1696), late Lt.-Col. comdg. Lothians and Ber- 
wicks. Imper. Yeom. (ret. 1906), formerly Lieut. 
7th Hussars, is a Commissr. of Supply for Mid- 
ilothian: son of 7th Bt., b. 1854, sue. 1896, 



BAI 



Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 



mar. 1879 Hon. Arabella Eose Evelyn Hozier, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands {Hon. Lady Baird of 
Saughton Hall). Heir, his son James Hozier 
Gardiner (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Frank Gardiner, b. 1885). Bes., Luchie, Nth. 
Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Urle. Sir Alexander 
Baird, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1897), Lord Lieut, of Kin- 
cardinesh., and a D.L. for Inverness-sh. and for 
Co. of City of Aberdeen : son of the late Jno. 
Baird, Esq., b. 1849, widower (having mar. Hon. 
Annette M. Palk, dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, 
his son John Lawrence, C.M.G., q.v. (2nd heir, 
next son, Alexander Walter Frederick, D.S.O., 
q.v.). . Sent, Urie, Stonehaven, Kincardinesh. 

BAIRD, Hon. Ladies— see under above Bts. 
of Newbyth and Saughton Hall. 

BAIRD, Knight. Adm. Sir John Kennedy 
Erskine Baird, K.C.B. (Mil. 1890), served in 
Russian War and commanded Chan. Squad. 
1888-go, ret. 1897, was a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria : bro. of Sir David Baird, Bt. of New- 
byth; b. 1833, mar. 1905 Constance Barbara, dau. 
of the late Edwd. Clarke, Esq., of Chard. Bes.. 
31 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

BAIRD, Maj . Alexander Walter Frederick, 
D.S.O. (1902), Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 
as a Staff -Cipt. : b. 1876 (son and 2nd heir of 
above Bt. of Uric) . 

BAIRD, Col. Andrew Wilson, C.S.I. (1897), 
R.E. retd., F.R.S., F.R.G.S., A.M.I.C.E., Fell. 
Imper. Inst, (on Governing Body), Abyss. 1867, | 
was Dep. Supt. of Great Trigonometr. Surv. of I 
India, late Master of Calcutta Mint: b. 1842. J 
Bes., Palmer's Cross, Elgin. 

BAIRD, Lady Ethel Sydney, dau. of 9th E. 
of Kintore and wife of the under-mentioned Jno. I 
L. Baird, C.M.G. 

BAIRD, Capt. Henry Hume Chisholm, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 as 
Signalling Offr. : b. 1878. 

BAIRD, John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), a 
2nd Sec. in Diplom. Serv. (Abyssinia and Somali- 
land) and a D.L. for Kincardinesh. : son and heir 
of above Bt. of Urie, b. 1874, mar. 1905 the above 
Lady Ethel B. Bes., Rue de Pomeren, Paris? . 

BAKER, Baronet of Loventor—see ' Rhodes." 

BAKER, Baronet of Ranston (or of Ashcombe) . 
Sir Randolf Littlehales Baker, 4th Bt. 
{U.K. 1802), B.A., Lieut. Dorset Imper. Yeom. : 
son of 3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No present 
heir. Seat, Ranston, Blandford, Dorset. 

BAKER, Baronet of Bichmcnd. His Honour 
Sir George Skerston Baker, 4th Bt. {Gt. Br. 
1796), Recorder of Barnstaple and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has been a 
Revising Barrister and an Examiner to the Four 
Inns of Court, is editor of several legal works : 
gt. grandson of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin once 
rem. of 3rd ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1S73 
Jane Mary, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Fegen, Esq., 
C.B., R.N. Heir, his son Dodington George 
Richard Sherston (b. 1877 '■> 2nd heir, next 
son, John Dunstan Sherston, b. 1882). Bes., 
Dunstable House, Richmond, Surrey ; 18 Caven- 
I dish Rd., St. John's Wd., N.W. ; chamb., 1 Clois- 
ters, Temple, E.C. 

BAKER, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. of 
1 Ranston (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 
j Marryat) , mar. 1875, a s 2n(i wife, Rev. Sir Talbot 
' H. B. Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 
1900). Bes., with Sir Randolf. 

BAKER, Knight (1). Sir Augustine Fitz- 
Gerald Baker, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., Pres. of 



BAL 125 

Incorp. Law Soc. of Ireld. : b. 1851. Bes., 56 
Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BAKER, Knight (2). Sir Benjamin Baker, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), K.C.M.G. (1890), LL.D., 
D.Sc, F.R.S., Past Pres. Inst. C.E. and Lt.-Col. 
and Hon. Col. Engr. and Rail. Vols., joint engr. 
of the Forth Bridge and of the Nile Reservoir, a 
memb. of Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1840. Bes., Bowden 
Grn., Pangbourne, Reading; 2 Queen Sq. PI., 
Queen Anne's Gt., S.W., and 110 Piccadilly, W. 

BAKER, Knight (3). Sir John Baker, Kt. 
Bach. (1895), M.P. for Portsmouth (£.), a wool 
merchant, twice Mayor of Portsmouth and Chmn. 
of Sch. Bd. for 21 years: b. 1828, widower. Bes., 
North End House, Landport, Portsmouth; 
4 Queen's Gdns., Hove, Brighton. 

BAKER, Knight (4). Hon. Sir Richard 
Chaffey Baker, K.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., Pres. of 
first Senate cf Austral. Commonwealth, prev. 
nine years Pres. of Leg. Counc. S. Aust., where 
he had been Attomey-Gen., Min. of Justice, &c. : 
b. 1842, mar. 1865 Katherine Edith, dau. of Richd. 
B. Colley, Esq. Bes., Morialta, Norton's Summit, 
nr. Adelaide, and Melbourne. 

BAKER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Florence, 
dau. of M. Finnian von Sass), mar. i860, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Saml. W. Baker, F.R.S., distinguished 
African traveller (d. 1893) . Bes., Sandford Orleigh, 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BAKER, Maj. Arthur Brander, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Imper. Bushmen; Hazara 1888, 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1868. 

BAKER, Edward Norman, C.S.I. (1900), has 
been Financ. Sec. to Govts, of Bengal and India, 
also a Dep. Commissr., now an M.L.C. of Bengal 
and Financ. Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1857. 
Bes., Calcutta and Simla. 

BAKER, Col. George, C.B. (Mil. 1887), 67th 
Regt. retd.; China i860, Afghn. 1878-80, and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. 20th Regtl. Dist 1891-6 : b. 
1840. lies.. Manor Farm, Frindsbury, Rochester. 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of 18th Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Maj. Robert Joseph, D.S.O. (1902), 
Qmr. and Hon. Maj. 5th Batt. Roy. Dubl. Fus. 
(Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1856. Bes., 138 Sth. 
Circular Rd.. Dublin. 

BALA R. VARMA— see " Travaneore." 

BALCARRES, Earl of {Scot. 1651) — see 
" Crawford." 

BALCARRES {pron. Balcar'rez), Lord {by 
courtesy) , M.P., eld. son and heir of E. of Crawford 
and Balcarres , q . v. Title varied from one of those 
of the Earldom, " Baron Lindsay of Balcarres." 

BALDOCK, Col. Thomas Stanford, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.A., S. Africa 1901-2, was Brig.-Maj.R. A. 
in Malta 1890-4, late on Ordn. Cmttee. : b. 1854. 
Bes., Bapchild Ct., SittiDgbourne, Kent. 

BALDWIN, Maj . Guy Melfort, D.S.O. (1896), 
LA., Hazara 1888, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 
1897-8, now aD.A.A.G. atlnd. Headqrs. : b. 1865. 

BALE, Knight. Hon. Sir Henry Bale, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), F.R.C.I.,Ch. Justice of Natal, 
formerly Attorn. -Gen. and Memb. Counc. of 
Educn., also Chmn. of various Cmttees., and has 
twice been requested to form a Ministry, appd. 
Q.C. 1897: b. 1854, mar. 1904, 2nd wife, Margaret 
Anne, dau. of the late W. F. Berning, Esq. Bes., 
Hillside, Pietermaritzburg. 

BALFOUR, family name of Kinross Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1885, /. 
1887), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., M.P. 



126 BAL 



Directory of Peerage, 



BAN 



for City of London (C.), an Elder Brother of 
Trinity House, a D.L. for Haddingtonsh., late 
Prime Minister and Eirst Lord of the Treasury 
(1902-5) ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh Univ., late 
Lord Rector of St. Andrews and Glasgow, and 
has been Ch. See. for Ireland (1887-91), Sec. for 
Scotland, Pres. of Local Govt. Bd.,and Assist. 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. for Eor. Affairs, having accom- 
panied the Spec. Mission of Lords Beaconsfield 
and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878 ; was Pres. of 
Brit. Assoc. 1904; author of 'Foundations of 
Belief,' 'A Defence of Philosophic Doubt,' and 
other works : son of the late Jas. Maitland 
Balfour, Esq., and of Lady Blanche Cecil, sist. 
of late Marq. of Salisbury ; b. July 25, 1848 ; 
unmiTd. Bes., Whittingehame, Prestonkirk, 
Haddingtonsh. ; 4 Carlton Gdns., Pall Mall, S.W. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
Gerald William Balfour, P.C. (Irel. 1895, Gt. 
Br. 1900), M.A., late an M.P. (G.) and Pres. of 
Loc. Govt. Bd., prev. of Bd. of Trade and Chief 
Sec. for Ireland : b. 1853 (younger bro. of pre- 
ceding), mar. 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Lytton, 
dau. of 1st E. of Lytton (Lady Betty Balfour). 
Bes., Fishers Hill, Woking, Surrey. 

BALFOUR, Lady " Betty," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lytton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

BALFOUR, Capt. Christopher Egerton, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), King's Roy. Rif. Corps ; S. 
Africa 1899-1901 as A.D.C. : b. 1872. 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of 8th D. of 
Argyll. 

BALFOUR, Lady Helena ("Nina"), dau. of 
10th E. of Antrim. 

BALFOUR. Col. John Edmond Heugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Roy. 1st 
Devon Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as 
A.D.C. : b. 1863. Bes. Sidmouth Manor, Devon ; 
5B Mount St., W. 

BALFOUR of BURLEIGH, Baron. Alex- 
ander Hugh Srac?, 6th Bn. (Scot.), a, Scot. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892), 
M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., a D.L. for Clackmannan, 
and Chanc. of St. Andrews Univ., late Sec. for 
Scotland (with seat in the Cabinet) , formerly Pari. 
Sec. to Bd. of Trade, a Lord in Waiting to 
Queen Victoria, and Capt. Highld. Bord. Militia ; 
has been Chmn. of four Commssns. : son of Robert 
Bruce, Esq., a descendant of 4th Bn. ; b. Jan. 13, 
1849 ; sue. i860, when the Barony was relieved of 
the attainder "under which it had lain from 1716 
(0.) ; mar. 1876 Lady Katherine Eliza Hamilton- 
Gordon, dau. of 5th E. of Aberdeen. Seat, 
Kennefc, Alloa, Ciackmannansh. ; town res., 
47 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Sect. 1607.— Sir 
Michael Balfour (Kt.), the 1st Bn., was Ambassador to 
the Duks of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 
pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of his sister, who 
had married Brig. -Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bruce.) 
Issue of present (5th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary B., b. 1877. 
Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1879. 

Master ok Burleigh, heir to Barony: Hon. Robert 
B., Lieut. 2nd Butt. Argyll and suthd. llighldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. i38o. 
Hon. George John Gordon i>\, and heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. V ictoria Alexandrina Katherine B., b. 1898. 
Sist. of present Bn. (advanced to rank of a Bn.'s 
daughter 1870) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1849.) 

Hon. Henrietta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Claud Hamil- 
ton, b. 1850, mar. 1874 the late Claud H. Esq. (d. 



1900). Res., Dunmore Pk., Larbert, Stiriingsh. ; 
Cochna, Duntocher, Dumbartonsh, nr. Glasgow. 

BALGONIE, Baron (Scot. 1641), a title of E. of 
Leven and Melville, borne by the heir when a son. 

BALINHARD, Baron ( U.K. 1869) , Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Knight (1). Sir Charles Bent Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), M.D., F.R.C.S.L, Reg. Prof, 
of Surg, in Trin. Coll. Dublin and an Hon. Surg, 
to H.M. in Ireld., a memb. of Gen. Med. Counc. 
and of Advisory Bd. of Army Med. Serv. : b. 1851 
(bro. of follg.), mar. 1874 Annie Julia, dau. of the 
late Danl. Kinahan, Esq. Bes., 24 Merrion Sq., 
Dublin. 

BALL, Knight (2). Sir Robert Stawell Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1886), M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E., 
F.R.A.S. (Past Pres.), late Royal Astronomer 
for Ireland, now Lowndean Prof, of Astron. and 
Geom. at Cambridge, well known as a mathe- 
matician and astronomer, and also as a popular 
author and lecturer : b. 1840. mar. 1868 Frances 
Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele, Esq. Bes., 
Observatory, Cambridge. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in 1901 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. Bes., 
Hereford House, Kloof St., Cape Town. 

BALLANCE, Charles Alfred, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), F.R.CS. 

BALLANTYNE, Knight. Sir Henry Ballan- 
tyne, Kt. Bach. (1906). 

BALLARAT, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Vincent Green, LL.D., 2nd Bishop, late 3rd 
Bishop of Grafton and Armidale, formerly 
Archdn. of Ballarat and Exam, in Hist, and Polit. 
Econ. to Melbourne Univ. : b. 1857, mar. 1880, 
cons, to Grafton 1894, transl. 1900. Bes., Bishops- 
court, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLARD, Henry, C.M.G. (1901), Port Capt. 
at Durban, Natal: b. 1840. Bes.. Point, Natal. 

BALLINBRIECH, Baron (Scot. 1458), a title 
of E. of Rothes. 

BALLY, Maj.-Gen. John Ford, C.V.O. (1Q03), 
R.A. retd. (1905) ; Zululd 1879, Supt. of Sch. of 
Gunnery 1897-1902, late comdg. R.A. at Gib- 
raltar : b. 1845. 

BALLYMOTE, Baron (Irel. 1628) — see 
"Taaffe, Vise." 

BALMORE, &c. Baron (Scot. 1600) — see 
" Huntly, M. of." 

BALNIEL, Baron (Scot. 1651)— see " Crawford, 
E. of." 

BALQUHIDDER, Viscount (Scot. 1670), and 
BALOJIDR., GLENALMOND, &c. (1703) -see 
" Atholl, D. of." 

BALRAMPUR— see " Bhagwati." 

BALRATH, Baron AYLMER de (Irel. 1718) 
— see " A3'lmer, Bn." 

BALVAIRD, Baron (Scot. 1641), a title of the 
Mansfield Earldom. 

BALVENIE &c, Baron (Scot. 1676) — see 
"Atholl, D. of." 

BALWEARIE &c, Baron (Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO, Duqttesa del— see " Del Balzo." 

BAMBER, Herbert Kelway, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1906), Supt. Carriage Dept., E. Ind. Rail. 

BAMPFYLDE, family name of Poltimore 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Baronet. Sir Frederick George 
Banbury, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1902), M.P. for City of 
London ( C.) , a partner in Fredk. Banbury and Sons, 
stockbrokers: son of the late Fredk. Banbury,Esq., 
of Shirley ; b. 1850, mar. 1873 Elizabeth Rosa, dau. 
of the late Thos. B. Beale, Esq. Heir, his son 
Charles William (b. 1877; no 2nd heir). SeatA 



BAN Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAN 127 



Warneford PL, Highworth, Swindon ; town res., 
&\ Lowndes St., S.W. ; offices, 23 Old Broad St., 
E.G. 

BANCROFT, Knight. Sir Squiee Bancroft 
Bancroft, Kt. Bach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of the Prince of "Wales's Theatre, aftds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 
as a reader on behalf of charities : b. 1841, mar. 
1867 Marie Effie Wilton, well-known actress. Bes. , 
"White Lodge, Wcstgate-on-Sea S.O., Kent; 18 
Berkeley Sq., W. 

BANDANARAIKE, Solomon Dias, C.M.G. 
(1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon, Mohandirum 
of the Governor's Gate, and a native A.D.C. to 
Gov. : b. 1862. Bes., Horagolla, Veyangoda, 
Ceylon. 

BANDINI, Maechese — see " Giustiniani-B." 

BANDINI (GIUSTINIANT-), family name of 
Newbuegii Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
" Hons." (See " Giustiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Earl of. James Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl (Irel.), an Irish Repres. Peer (el. 
1881), K.P. (1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Artill. Mil., was on Staff of D. of Abercom (Ld. 
Lieut.) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E. ; b. Sept. 12, 1850 ; 
sue. 1877 (G\) ; mar. 1876 Hon. Georgiana 
Dorothea Harriet Evans-Freke, dau. of 7th Bn. 
Carbeiy. Seat, Castle Bernard, Bandon, Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bandon, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
1795 ; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1800.— The 1st 
Peer was M.P. for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles successively. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
(Bernard.) 

Surviving issue of yd E. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Aid- 
worth, b. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Col. Richd. Wm. A. 
(d. 1899). Res., Newmarket Ct., Newmarket, Co. 
Cork. 

! Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ) Res., 78 

! Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1843. V Chester 

Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1844. ) Sq.., S.W, 

(Present Earl, b. 1850.) 

Lady Kathleen Prances, now Lady K. Gamsen, b. 
18S3, mar. 1885 Alfd. W. Ceo. (?., Esq. Res., 3 Wal- 
| pole St., Chelsea, S.W. 

t Heir pres. to Earldom (a ist cousin) : 

i Capt. Percy Brodrick B., B.A., a B.L. for Co. Gal- 
way, formerly Capt, Roy. Munster Pus. (Mil.), 

! once an M.P. and Priv. Sec. to two Viceroys of 
Ireld. : son of Rt. Rev. the Hen. Chas. B. Bernard, 
Bp. of Tuam; b. 1844, mar. 1900, 3rd wife, Eva, 
dau. of the late Henry Hoare, Esci. Res., Castle 

] Hackett, Tuam, Co. Galway. (2nd heir, his son 

! Ronald Percy Hamilton, b. 1875.) 

BANDON BRIDGE, Baron {Irel. 1628) — 
see " Cork and 0., E. of." 

BANERJEE, Sir Gooroo Dass, Kt. Bach. 
(1904), M.A., LL.D., late a Puisne Judge of the 
High Ct. at Fort William, Bengal, an M.L.C., 
and Viee-Chanc. of Calcutta Univ., has been a 
Prof, or Lect. on Mathematics and Law : b. 1844, 
mar. 1861. Bes., 19 Sastitala Ed., Narikeldanga, 
Calcutta. 

BANFIELD, Col. Rees John Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1 ), Welsh Regt. retd. (1906) , now comdg. 
Welsh Vol. Inf. Brigade ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
late Ch. Staff Offr. at Gibraltar : b. 1850. 

BANGOR, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Watkin 
Herbert Williams, D.D., 72nd Bp., late Archdn., 
Canon Res., and Dean of St. Asaph: son of Sir 
Hugh Wlliams, 3rd Bt. of Bodelwyddan; b. 
Aug.22, 1845 ; mar. 1879, cons. 1899, ent. Lords 1904 



{€.). Bes., Glyngarth Palace, Menai Bridge S.O., 
Anglesey ; Pant Eidal, Machynlleth, Montgom. 

BANGOR, Viscount. Henry William Crosbie 
Ward, 5th Vise. {Irel.), an Irish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1885), a D.L. for Co. Down, formerly Capt. 
43rd Regt., served in Kaffir War 1851-3 : son of 
3rd V. and brp. of 4th ; b. July 26, 1828 ; sue. 
1881 {€'.) ; mar., 1st, 1854, the late Mary, dau. of \ 
the late Rev. Hy. King (she died 1869) ; 2ndly, 
i874,Elizabeth, dau. of the late Maj. Hugh Eccles. 
Seat, Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bangor (Down), 1770 ; Vise. B. 1781. 
—The ist Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Co. Down. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Ward.) 
Issue of present (5th) V. : 

Hon. Harrictte Mary, now Hon. Mrs. J ohn Waller, 
b. 1856, mar. 1881 Maj. -Gen. Jno. Ednid. W. Res., 
Aughnaciey, Kiiliney, Co. Dublin. 
The deceased Henry S. Andrew W., b. 1857, d. i860. 
Hon. Kathleen Annette Norah IK., b. 1859. 
Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Kennedy, 
b. 1S60, mar. 1883 Robt. Jno. K., Esq., C.M.G., q.v. 
The deceased Mary Henrietta W., b. & d. 1861. 
The late Hon. Edward William Hy. 1'/., b. 1863, d. 1887. 
Hon. Emily Georgiana IF., b. 1865. 
Hon. Maxwell Richard Crosbie W., heir to Vis- 
county, Capt. R.A. and late serving on Staff in 
Canada, now Capt. of Legation Gel., Peking : b. 
1S68, mar. 1905 Agnes Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Dacre Hamilton, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Ward). Club, 
Army and Navy- tend heir, his son Edward Henry 
Harold, b. 1905.) 

Surviving issue of$rd V. (bros. of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, b. 1827, d. unmrrd. 1881.) 
(Present VrscouxT, b. 1S28.) 

Lt.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew W., C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Maj, -Gen. and Hon. Lt.-Gen., served in Crimea, 
retired 1886, is Col. Suffolk Regt. : b. 1831, mar. 
1873, 2nd wife, Laura, dau. of Maj. -Gen. Evan 
Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard IK.). Res., 
Staplecross, Christchurch, Hauts. 

Capt. Hon. Somerset Richard Hamilton Augusta W., 
formerly of 17th Foot, served in Crimea and 
Mutiny: b. 1833, mar. 1859 Norah Mary Elizabeth, 
dau. 01 the late Lord George Augusta Hill, son of 
2nd M. of Downshire (Hon. Mrs. Somerset IK). 
Res., Carrowdore Castle, Donaghadee S.O., Co. 
Down. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. William IK. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
late Lt.-Col. Hon. Richd. Hare, bro. of 2nd E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 the late Adm. Hon. Wm.. 
Jno. IK., of long nav. and diplom. service (d. 1900). 

BANKART, Staff-Surg. Arthur Reginald, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1898), M.B., R.N., late 
Surg. Ocean Steamship Co., now to Roy. Yacht 
' Victoria and Albert,' and Hon. Phys. to H.M. : 
b. 1868. Club, Roy. Socs. 

BANKS, Knight. Sir JonN (Thomas) Banks, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1889), M.D., LL.D., D.Sc, a D.L. 
for Monaghan (High Sheriff 1891), an Hon. Phys. 
to H.M. in Ireld., andex-Pres. of Roy. Col. Phys. 
and Roy. Acad. Med. in Ireld. and of Brit. Med. 
Assoc., a memb. of Senate of Roy. Univ. : b. 1817, 
widower. Bes., 45 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BANKS, Knight's Widow. Lady B. ( Eliza- 
beth Rathbone, dau of Jno. Elliott, Esq.), mar. 
1874 Sir Wm. Mitchell Banks, M.D., Emeritus 
Prof, of Anatomy in Univ. Coll. Liverpool (d. 
1904). Bes., The Bungalow, Wallasey, "Birken- 
head ; Rodney House, Normanton Avenue, Sef ton 
Pk., Liverpool. 

BANKS, Capt. Henry John Archibald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hampshire Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1901, 
now anlnsp. in Army Ordn. Dept. : b. 1869. 

BANNERMAN, Baronet. Sir Alexander 
Bannerman, nth Bt. {Scot. 1682), Maj. R.E., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : son of 10th Bt., b. 
1871, sue. igoi. Heir pres., his2ndcous. once rem. 



128 



BAN 



Directory of Peerage, 



BAR 



the under-mentioned Gen. William B., C.B. (2nd 
heir, latter' s son Capt. Wyndham Philip B., b. 
1870). lies., Braeklev, N'thants. 

BANNERMAN, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Anne Mary, dau. of the late Richd. Brooke, 
Esq.), mar. 1869 Sir George Bannerman, 10th 
Bt. (d. 1901). Res., 45 Pennsylvania, Exeter. 
BANNERMAN, Maj. Arthur D'Arcy 

i Gordon, CLE. (1903), I. A., a Polit. Agent in 

! Rajputana: b. 1866. 

I BANNERMAN, Gen. Willi am, C.B. (Mil. 1887) , 
I LA. Supermini. List ; Punjab, Persia, Mutiny, 
I China, and Afghn. , is Col. 104th Wellesley's Rifles : 
I b. 1828, heir to above Btcy. (gt. nephew of 6th Bt.) . 
I Bes., Cheltenham. 

I BANNERMAN (CAMPBELL-), Priv. Counc. 
I and Knight. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Campbell- 
I Bannerman, P.C. {G. B. 1884, 1. 1885), G.C.B. (Civ. 
! 1895), M.A., LL.D., M.P. for Stirling Burghs 
(L.), appd. 1905 Prime Min. and First Lord of the 
' Treasury, a D.L. for Kent, formerly Sec. for War 
and for Ireland and to Admiralty : son of the late 
Sir Jas. Campbell of Stracathro, b. 1836, assumed 
name of Bannerman 1872, widower. Seat, Bel- 
mont Castle, Meigle, Perthsh. ; town res., 10 
Downing St., S.W. 

BANTRY, Earldom of {Irel. 1816)— extinct 
from 1891 at death of 4th E. (surname White). 

Surviving Relatives. 
Davs. of 3rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilaun, b. 

1850, mar. 1871 1st Bn. A., q.v. 
Lady Ina Maude, now Clss. Ferrers, b. 1852, mar. 

1885 10th Earl F., q.v. 
(The late 4th Earl, 1). 1854, d. 1891.) 
Lady Jane Trances Anua, now Lady J. Kenney- 
Herbert, b. 1857, n_ar. 1876 Euv.d. Maxwell K.-H., 
Esq. Bes., 3 Kent Gdns., Ealing, W. 
BANTRY, Earl's Widow (rewind.). Countess 
of B. (now by 2nd mrrge. the Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, 1886, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2ndly, 1897— see "Trevor. Bn." 

BARBADOS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. William 
Proctor Swaby, D.D., F.R.G.S., 5th Bp. (includ- 
ing Windward Is.), late Bp. of Guiana, was Vic. 
of Sunderld. 1884-93, author of various scient. and 
antiq. publications: b. 1844, cons, to Guiana 1893, 
transl. igoo. Res., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BARBOUR, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1889), K.C.M.G. (1899), late 
Financ. Mcmb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on various Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home : b. 1841, 
mar. 1883 Katherine Constance, dau. of the 
late Thos. Gribble, Esq. Res., Tiltwood, Craw- 
ley Down, Sussex. 

BARBY, Baroness von— see "Crowe, Kt.'s 
Wid." 

BARCLAY, Baronet. Sir David Edward 
Dubell Barclay, 12th Bt. {Scot. 1668), formerly 
Capt. 10th Hussars, served in Egypt and Soudan : 
son of nth Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1896, mar. 1889 
Letitia, dau. of Hon. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, 
bro. of 3rd Bn. Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. 
Robert Cecil de Belzim (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Colville Adrian de Rune, M.V.O., 
as below). Bes., ParkhiU, Bagshot, Surrey. 

BARCLAY, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily, dau. of the late Jas. E. Stacey, 
Esq.), mar. 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir David W. 
Barclay, lothBt. (d. 18S8).— (2) Louise, Lady B. 
(Melanie Louise, dau. of the late Mons. E. J. de 
Belzim, of Mauritius), mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. 
D. Barclay, nth Bt. (d. 1896). Res., 6 Avenue 
Marceau, Paris. 

BARCLAY, Knight. Sir Thomas Barclay, Kt. 



Bach. (igo4), Ph.D., LL.B., Vice-Prcs. of 
Internat. Law Assoc. and Exam, in Jurispr. to 
Oxfd. Univ., formerly Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of 
Commerce in Paris, was Paris Corresp. of the 
Times 1876-82, and is author of several works on 
law and of articles in Encyc. Brit., &c. : b. 1853, 
mar. 1877 Marie Therese, dau. of R. Teuscher, 
Esq., M.D., of Rio. Res., 17 Rue Pasquier, 
Paris; 7 Boulevard Beausej our, Passy, Paris ; 20 
Broad St., New York : chamb., 13 Old Sq., Line. 
Inn, W.C. 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cameron, dau. of 3rd Bn. 
Decies. 

BARCLAY, Colville Adrian de Rune, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 2nd Sec. to Emb. at Rio, 
prev. Councillor Brit. Embassy at Paris: b. 1869 
(bro. and 2nd heir of above Bt.). Res., Brit. 
Legat., Rio Janeiro. 

BARCLAY, George Head, C.V.O. (1906), 
C.M.G. (1898), Counc. of Emb. at Tokio, late to 
Emb. at Budapest, prev. at Constantinople, 
Washington, Rome, and Madrid: b. 1862. Res., 
Brit. Emb., Tokio. 

BARCLAY, Col. Henry Albert, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, iqoi), Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. the 
King's Own Norf. Imper. Yeom., a D.L. for Nor- 
folk and Surrey : b. 1858. Res., Hanworth Hall, 
Norwich ; The Grange, Cromer. 

BARCLAY, Robert Buchanan, I.S.O. (1902), 
a Gen. Supt. and Insp. Ofl'r. of Health in Loc. 
Govt. Bd. Scotld. : b. 184.3. 

BARHAM, Baron {U.K. 1805)— see "Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BARHAM, Knight. Sir George Barham, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), a C. C. for E. Sussex, Chmn. of 
Dairy Supply Co. and .of Express Dairy Co., and 
a memb. of Milk Standards Cmttee. of Bd. of 
Agric. 1900 : b. 1836, widower. Bes., Snape, Wad- 
hurst, Sussex; Danehurst, 112 Havcrstock Hill, 
N.W. 

BARING, family name of the Northbrook 
and Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
and Revelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
lines as initialled : 

Hn.AIex.F.St.V.A. Hn. Evelyn, c. Hn. Marj. Mabel, a. 
Hn. Alex. Hy. a. Ly. Evelyn, 11. Hn. Maurice, r. 
Jin. Alice, n. Hn. Everard, r. Ly. Ulrica, r. 
Hn. AlmaMadel.A.Hn. Eras. llv. n. Hn. Venetia, a. 
Hn.AngelaMild.A.Hn. Fredk. Arth.A Hn. Violet, a. 
Hn. Aurea Vera, a. Ly. Grace Eliz. n. Hn. Windham, c. 
Hn. CarvlI)igby,A. Hn. Guy Vict. a. 
Hn. Cecil, r. Hn. Hugo, R. 

The kinship of the four houses is shown by the follg. 
table : 

Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt. 
I 



I 

2nd Bt. 

I 

I Bn. Nthbk. 
' istE'! of Nthbk. 
2nd E. of Nthbk. 



1st Ashburton. 
I 



Ily. Baring. 



2 Ashbn. 3 Ashbn. 1 Rvlstk. Cromer. 



.hA 



tk. 



4 Ashbn. 

5 Ashbn. 

I BARING, Viscount {U.K. 1876), a title of E. 

f of Northbrook, borne by the heir when a son. 

j BARKER, Knight (1). Col. Sir Francis Wm. 
J. Barker, Kt. Bach. (1906). 
BARKER, Knight (2). Gen. Sir George Digby 

j Barker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1900). served in Persia 1857, 
Mutiny, and has comd. troops in China, and been 
Assist. Dir. of Mil. Educn. at Headqrs. and 
A.A.G. and A.Q.M.G. for West Dist., was Gov. 
of Bermuda 1896-1902, ret. in latter year, is 
Col. Nth. Staffords. Regt. : b. 1833, mar. 1902, 2nd 
wife, Katherine Weston, dau. of Edvvd. G. Elwes, 
Esq. Res., The Priory, Clare S.O., Suffolk. 



BAR 



Baronetage, Knightage, &x, 



BAR 



129 



BARKER, Col. George, C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Egypt 1882, Bechuanald. 1884-3, n °w I ns P- of 
R.E. : b. 1849, mar. follg. 1888. i?es.» Cardfields, 
Hatfield Peverel,Witham;Queen Anne's Mansns., 
Qn. Anne's Gt., S.W. 

BARKER, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Addington and wife of preceding. 

BARKER, Gbl.Joi-iN Stewart Scott, C.B. (Mil. 
1903), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1902. late an A.A.G. in 
Western Dist., now a Col. on Staff for R.A. 
Eastn. Comd. in India : b. 1853. Ees., Simla. 

BARKER, Rayner Childe, CLE. (1889), 
served as Engr. in Burma 1886-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Indo-Europ. 
Telegs. : b. 1858. Ees., Teheran. 

BARKER, Maj. William Frank, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. African Lt. Horse ; Boer War 1900-1. 
Address, Box 4444, Johannesburg. 

-BARKING, Bishop ok. Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. SufF. in St. Albans 
Dioc, Archdn. of Essex, prev. Vic. of Saffron 
Walden, Hon. Canon of St. Albans, and Rur. 
Dean of Barking: b. 1842, mar. 1866, cons. 1901. 
Res., Barking, Essex. 

BARKLY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anne 
Maria, dau. of the late Maj. -Gen. Sir Thos. S. 
Pratt, K.C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Barkly, G.C.M.G., formerly an M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898) . 
Res., 1 Collingham PI., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARLING, Joseph, I.S.O. (1905), A.I.C.E., a 
Commissr. of Pub. Serv. Bd., N.S.W. 

BARLOW, Baronet of Fort William. Sir 
Hilaro William Wellesley Barlow, 5th 
Bt. {U.K. 1803), Lt.-Col. R.A. and Supt. of Roy. 
Laboratory at Woolwich Arsenal : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1861, sue. 1904, mar. 1891 Victoria Katherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hugh R. Hibbert. Sole heir, 
his son Richard Hugh (b. 1904). Res., 84 
Shooter's Hill Rd., Blackheath, S.E. 

BARLOW, Baronet of WimpoU Street. Sir 
Thomas Barlow, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1902), K.C.V.O. 
(1901), M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.C.P., Prof, of 
Clin. Med. at Univ. Coll. and Phys. to the Hosp. 
attached, also Phys. to H.M.'s Househd., was 
Phys. Extraord. to Queen Victoria, author of 
numerous med. works : son of the late Jas. Bar- 
low, Esq., of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar. 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, Esq., 
W.S. Heir, his son James Alan Noel (b. 
1881 ; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Dalmahoy, b. 
1883). Res., Boswells, Wendover, Tring; 10 
Wimpole St., W. 
BARLOW, Bishop— see "Goulburn." 
BARLOW, Rear-Adm. Charles James, D.S.O. 
(1887), Egypt 1882, and Burma 1885-6, ent. R. N. 
1862, late 2nd in comd. of Home Fleet, now 
Adm. Supt. of Devonpt. Dock5'd. 

BARLOW, Maj. Charles Wynn, D.S.O. (1905), 
Essex Regt. ; Nthn. Nigeria 1903, now comdg. 
Southn. Nigeria Regt. : b. 1868. 

BARLOW (EMMOTT-), Hon. Mrs. John, sist. 
of 3rd Bn. Denman. 

BARNABY, Knight. Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1885), Vice-Pres. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, has been Dir. of Naval Construction : b. 
1829, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of Jno. Webber, 
Esq. Res., Moray House, Belmont Hill, Lee, 
S.E. ' 

BARNARD, Baron. Henry De Vere Vane, 
9th Bn. {Eng.), B.A., D.C.L. (Hon.), barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, formerly in the 
Charity Commissn. and Lieut. N'thants. Mil. : son 
of Sir Henry M. Vane and a remote cousin of 8th 



Bn.,the 4th D. of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles be- 
came extinct at his death with the exception of 
this Barony; b. May 10, 1854; sue. 1891, and 
claim admitted 1892 {L.U.); mar. 1881 Lady 
Catherine Sarah Cecil, dau. of 3rd M. of Exeter. 
Seat, Raby Castle, Darlington; town res., 20 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnard, Eng. 1698.— The 1st Bn. was 
the Bt. Hon. Christopher Vane, son of Sir Henry 
Vane, perhaps best known by the exclamation of 
Cromwell on dissolving the Long Parliament ; after- 
wards treacherously beheaded under Charles II. The 3rd 
Bn. was made Earl of Darlington, and the 3rd Earl 
became Duke of Cleveland— both titles extinct. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Vane.) 

Issue of present {gth) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Cecil V., heir to Baronv, Lieut. 3rd 
Batt. Durham L.I. (Mil.), was A.D.C. to Lord 
Ampthill in Madras, now to his successor : b. 1882. 

Hon. Christopher AVilliam V., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 

Hon. Ralph Frederick V., b. 1891. 

Bro. and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1892) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1834.) 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Rennell, b. 1856, mar. 1891 Win. Blackstone R., Esq. 
Res., 62 Eaton PI., S.W. 

Hon. William Lyonel V., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Durham L.I., late Maj. 1st 
(line) Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-2: b. 1859. 
mar. 1904 Lady Katharine Louisa Pakenham, dau. 
of 4th E. of Longford. Res., Thornfield, Darling- 
ton. 

— Sist s. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V. (Mary, dau. of the late E. B. 
Steedman, Esq ), mar. 1891 the late Rev. the Hon. 
Gilbert Holies Parrer V. (d. 1505). 
Lady Katharine V., wife of Hon. Wm. Lyonel V. 

BARNARD, Knight. Sir Herrert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), F.S.A., a banker, Chmn. Pub. 
Works Loan Commssn. : b. 1831, mar. 1854 Ellen, 
dau. of the late Wm. Wjndham, Esq., M.P. 
Res., Burrows Lea, Shere, Guildford; 23 Port- 
land PI., W. 

BARNARD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Julia, dau. of Capt. Edwards, R.N. ), mar. 1858 
Gen. Sir Charles Loudon Barnard, K.C.B. (d. 
1902). Res., Sunny Side, Broomy Hill, Hereford. 

BARNARDISTON, Lady Florence, dau. of 
4th E. of Dartmouth (mother of two follg.). 

BARNARDISTON, Lt. - Col. Nathaniel 
Walter, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex 
Regt. ; S. Africa 1901-2, has been Mil. Attache to 
Northn. Cts., now 2nd in Comd. Roy. Mil. Coll. : 
b. 1858. Res., The Ryes, Sudbury, Suffolk. 

BARNARDISTON, Capt. Samuel John 
Barrington, D.S.O. (1900-1), Suff. Regt.; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1875. 

BARNBY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Edith 
Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. J. W. Silver- 
thorne), mar. 1878 Sir Jos. Barnby, Conductor 
of the Roy. Choral Soc. (d. 1896). Res., Ashurst 
Hill, Tunb. Wells : 91c Grosvenor Rd., S.W. 

BARNE, Lady Constance Adelaide, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BARNES, Knight (1). Sir Hugh Shake- 
spear Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), M.A., LL.D., lateLt.-Gov. of Burma, prev. 
For. Under Sec. to Ind. Govt., Ch. Commissr. 
in Baluchistan, Resid. in Kashmir, &c, now a 
memb. of Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1853, mar. 1894, 
2nd wife, Edith Helen, dau. of the late Rev. 
Regd. Barnes. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BARNES. Priv. Counc. and Knight (2). Rt. 
Hon. Sir John Gorell Barnes, P.C. {Gt. Br. 
1905), Kt. Bach. (1892), M.A., LL.D., is Pres. 



130 BAB 



Direcioty of Peerage, 



BAR 



of the Probate and Divorce Ct,, appd. Q.C. 1888 : 
b. 1848, mar. 1881 Mary Eumpston, dau. of the 
late Thos. Mitchell, Esq., of ¥/. Australia. Res., 
Stratford Hill, Stratfd. St. Mary, Suffolk, nr, 
Colchester; 14 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W.J 
chambs. 649 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyk, C.M.Q-. 
(1901), M.I.C.E.,Ch. Engr. of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900; b. 
1851. JRes., 27 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BARNES, Col. Osmond, C.B. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supernum. List; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
1878-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed Qn. Victoria 
as Empress : b. 1834. lies., 40 Mount Park Rd. , 
Ealing, W. 

BARNES, Capt. Reginald Walter Ralph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 4th Hussars, Comdt. 2nd Batt. 
Irnper. Yeom. in S. Africa 1899-1900, now 
an Instr. in Cav. Sch., late A.D.C. to Vise. 
Kitchener: b. 1871. 

BARNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BARNETT, Maj. William Alexander, 
D.S.O. (19001), N. Stalfords. Regt. ; Zululd. 
1888, and Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1866. 

BARNEWA.LL, family name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BARNEWALL, Baronet. Sir Reginald 
Aylmer John de Barneval Barnewall, 10th Bt. 
(Irel. 1622), son of gth Bt., b. (posthumous) and 
sue. 1838. Heir pres., possibly some nephew or 
gt nephew of 8th Bt. Res., 23 Cliveden PI., 
Eaton Sq., S.W. 

BARNHAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Cons. -Gen. at Ispahan, prev. Consul at Smyrna, 
Suakin, Aleppo, &c. : b. 1854. lies., Brit. Con- 
sulate-Gen., Ispahan. 

BARODA, the Gaekwar of. H.H. Maharaja 
Sir Sayaji Rao, Bahadur, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chimnabai (H.H. the Maharani Gaekwar), C.I. 
Res., Baroda, Western India. 

BARE, Knight (1). Lt.-Col. Sir D avid William 
Keith Barr, K.C.S.I. (1902), LA. Supernum. 
List; served in Abyssinia 1867-8, has been Resid. 
at Hyderabad, Agent to Gov. -Gen. in Centr. 
India, and Res. of Gwalior and Kashmir, now a 
memb. of Counc. of India : b. 1846, mar. 1871 
Constance, dau. of the late Maj. -Gen. J. G. Scott. 
Res., 40 Evelyn Gdns., Brompton, S.W. 

BARR, Knight (2) . Sir James Barr, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), M.D., E.R.C.P., F.R.S.E., Pres. Liver- 
pool Med. Inst., Exam, in Med. to L'pool and 
Glasgow 'Ur.ivs. : b. 1849, mar - *882 Isabella, 
dau. of J. Woolley, Esq. Res., 72 Rodney St., 
L'pool. 

BARRAN. Baronet. Sir John Nicholson 
Barron, 2nd' Bt. {U.K. 1895), B.A., son of the 
late Jno. Barran, Esq., eld. son of 1st Bt. ; b. 
1872, sue. 1905, mar. 1902 Alice Margarita, dau. 
of the Rev. Leighton Parks, D.D., of New York. 
Heir, his son John Leighton (b. 1904; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Philip Austyn, b. 1876). Res., Chapel 
Allerton, Leeds. 

BARRAN, Baronet's Widow. Eliza, Lady B. 
(dau. of Wm. Brown, Esq., of Helensburgh, and 
widow of Jno. Biiton, Esq.), mar. 1878, 2nd wife 
to 2nd husb., Sir Jno. Barran, 1st Bt., an M.P. 
i8;6-95 (d. 1905). Res., with present Bt. 

BARRATT, Lt.-Col. William Cross, D.S.O. 
(1897), LA., Soudan 1885, Zhob Valley, Wazir- 
istan, E. Africa 1895-8. China 1900 : b. 1862. 

BARRETT, Col. Arthur Arnold, C.B. (Mil. 
1903), LA., Afghn. 1879-80, Hazara 1888, other 



Ind Expednsi 1891-8, nowD.A.G. of the Northern 
Comd. in India : b. 1857. ^ es -> Abbottabad, 
N.W. Prov. 

BARRETT, Hon, Mrs, Frederick, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Kensington. 

BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundreda, 
dau. of gth E. of Cavan. 

BARRETT (MOULTON-) ,' CpL Edward 
Alfred, C.M.G. (1901), an Ordn. Offr. 1st class, 
prev. an Assist. Dir. at Headqrs. ; Nile 1898, 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BARRINGTON, family name of Viscounty of 
that title. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 
Bitrton Barrinqton, 5th Bt. (U.K. 1831), M. A., a 
D.L., for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), Hon. 
Col. Limerick City Artill. Mil. : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 184S, sue. 1890, mar. 1895 Mary Rose, dau. of 
Sir Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. Heir, his son Charles 
Bacon (b. 1902 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Croker, b. 
1851). Seat, Glenstal, Newport, Limerick. 

BARRINGTON, Baronet's Widow. Olivia, 
Lady B. (Elizabeth Olivia, dau. of Hy. Darley, 
Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Wm. H. Barrington, 3rd 
Bt. (d. 1872). Res., Clonkeen, Barrington's 
Bridge, Lisnagrv S.O., Co. Limerick. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (1) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward Barrington, 
K.C.B. JCiv. 1902), Assist. Under Sec. in For. 
Office, Priv. Sec. to Sir Edwd. Grey, prev. to 
M. of Lansdowne, E. of Iddesleigh, and twice to 
M. of Salisbury: son of 6th Vise. Barrington 
and uncle of present Peer; b. 1847 (younger bro. 
of follg.), mar. 1879 Christina, dau. of the late 
Wm. Graham, Esq. (Hon. Lady Barrinqton). Res., 
62 Cadog&n PI., S.W. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (2) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon Barrington, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), late Brit. Min. Plen. to Sweden, 
prev. to Argentina and Paraguay, formerly Sec. 
of Emb. at Madrid and Vienna, and Cons. -Gen. 
at Buda-Pesth, ret. 1904 : son of 6th Vise. Bar- 
rington (see preceding;, b. 1842. Res., 17A Gt. 
Cumberland PL, W. 

BARRINGTON, Viscount. Walter Bulkeley 
Barrington, 9th Vise. (Irel.), sits as Bn. Shute 
(U.K.); a D.L. and C.C. for Berks., formerly 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds. and Capt. Oxfd. Mil. : 
son of 8th V. ; b. April 20, 1848; sue. 1501 (C.) ; 
mar., 1st, 1870, the late Mary Isabella (d. 1903), 
dau. of the late Rev. Bichd. Bogue ; 2ndly, 1905, 
Charlotte Mary Leycester, widow of Jno. Arden 
Birch, Esq., and dau. of the late Maj. Geo. M. 
Stopford, R.E., grandson of 3rd E. of Courtown. 
Seat, Beckett, Shrivenham S.O., Berks. ; town res., 
15 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Creations. Vise, and Bn. Barrington, Irel. 1720; Bn. 
Shute, U.K. 1880.— The 1st Peer, whose original name 
was Shute, was M.P. for Berwick-upon-Tweed, but was 
expelled, after promotion to the Irish Peerage, on the 
charge of having taken part in the Harhorough lottery. 
The 6th Visct. represented Berkshire 1S37-57; the 7th 
was M.P. for Eye 1866-80 whilst only an Irish Peer, but 
obtained the U. K. Barony in the hitter year. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Barrington.) 
Issue of present, (gth) V. : 

Hon. Maude Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Eustace Fits- 
Gerald, b. 187s, mar. 1889 Hon. Eust. Robt. litsG., 
son of late Bn. FitzG., q.v. 
Hon. Violet Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Hope Erodke, h. 
1872, mar. 1802 Jno. 0. E. Hope B., Esq. Res., The 
Hill, Thorpe Mamleviile, Barib-ury. 
Hon. William Reginald Shute B., heir to Viscty., 
Capt. 4th Batt. Oxfordsh. L.l. (Mil.): b. 1873. 
Club Bachelors' 



BAB 



Hon. Hilda Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Reginald 
Curtis, b. 1874. mar. 1894 Lt.-Col. Regd. Salmond 

a, d.s.o., rX, a.v. 

Hon. (Walter) Barnard Louis B., 2nd heir, b. 1876, mar. 

1901 Eleanor Nina, dau. of his Honour Judge 

Sir Thos. W. Snagge (Hon. Mrs. Bernard B.). 

Res., Garden Hill, Totteridge, Whetstone, N. 
Hon. Rupert Edward Selborne B., served in S. 

Africa igoo-r, now Hon. Lieut, in Army : b. 1877, 

mar. 1903 Mary Georgina, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 

A. and Hon. Mrs. Ferguson (Hon. Mrs. Rupert B.). 

Res., in Transvaal. 
Hon. Percy Evelyn B., late 2nd Lieut. 2nd Co. of 

Lond. Imper. Yeom., b. 1884. 

Issue of 8th V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Alice Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. George Campbell, 

b. 1846, mar. i863 Geo. Aug. C, Esq. Res., The 
' Market House, Brackley, N'thants. ; 46 Wilton 

Crest-., S.W. 
Puesent Viscount, b. 1848.) 

Hon. Edith, now Hon. Mrs. Abraham Roharts, b. 
1850, mar. 1869 Atom. Jno. R., Esq. Res., Tile 
House, Buckingham ; 29 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Issue of 7th V. (1st cousins of present) : 

Hon. Constance Mary, now the Dow. Lady Hal- 
don (q.v., Widow"), b. 1347, mar. i363 Lawrence 
H. Palk, Esq., aft ds. 2nd Bn. H. (d. 1903). 
Hon. Evelyn Laura, now Dow. Ctss. of Craven (q.v.), 

b. 1S48, mar. 1867 3rd Earl of C. (d. 1883). 
Hon. Florence B., a Sist. of the Community of 
St. Mary the Virgin, b. 1850. Res., St. Mary's 
Home, Wantage, Berks. 

Surviving issue of 5th V. (uncles and aunts of pres.) : 
(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1324, d. 1886.) 
(The late Sth Viscount, b. 1835, cl. 1901.) 
Hon. Mary Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Alfred Sar- 

toris, b. 1830, mar. 1856 Alfd. S., Esq. Res., 17 

Queen's Gt. PL, S.W. 
Hon. Caroline Susan Augusta, now Dow. Ctss. of 

Normariton, q.v., b. 1834, mar. 1856 3rd Earl of N. 

(d. 1896). 

Hon. Augusta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Maclagan, b, 1S36, mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, the Most 
Rev. Win. Dalryrnple M. , Abp. of York t q.v. 

Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon B., it.C.M.G., 
b. 1842— see " Barrington, Kt. (2)." 

Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward i>\,K.C.B., b. 1847, 
—sec " Barrington, Kt (1)." 

Dau.-in-law of$th V. (gt. aunt of present) : 

(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1793, d. 1867.) 

Hon. Mrs. Henry B. (Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 
late Capt. Wright Knox), mar. 1848 the late Hon. 
Henry Fredk. Eras. Adair B. (d. 1882). Res., 
Broughton, Bath Rd., Felixstowe, S.O. 

BABEINGTON, Charles George, C.B. (Civ. 
1887), Gent. Usher of the Scarlet Hod (to Order of 
the Bath), formerly Assist. Sec. to Treasury and 
Aud. of Civ. List : b. 1827 (grandson of 5th 
Vise). Ees., 13 Morpeth Mansns., Victoria 
St., S.W. 

BAEEOW, Baronet. Sir Francis Laurence 
John Barrow, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1835), son of 3rdBt., 
b. 1862, sue. 1900, mar. 1890 Winifred Sarah, 
dau. of the late Wm. C. Steward, Esq. Hdr, his 
son Wilfrid John Wilson Croker (b. 1897 ; 
2nd heir, next son, Alfred Francis Lendon, b. 
1904). Res., Catherington, Hillborough Cresc, 
Southsea. 

*** The 1st Baronet, Sir Jno. Barrow, a distinguished 
traveller and author, was Secretary to the Admiralty 
and founder of the Royal Geographical Society. 

BAEEOW, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily Jane, dau. of the late Jas. N. 
Merriman, Esq., M.D.),inar. 1857 Sir John Croker 
Barrow, 3rd Bt. (d. 1900). Ees., Boseombe, 
Bournemouth. 

BAEEOW, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Edmund 
George Barrow, K.C.B. (Mil. 1901), I. A., Col. 
7th Eajputs, served in Afghanistan 1879, Egypt, 
Tirah 1897, and as Ch. Staff Offr. in China, late 



BAR 131 



Mil. Sec. to Govt, of India, now comdg. 1st 
Div. Northn. Comd. in India : b. 1S52, mar. 1882 
Marion Letitia, dau, of the late Eev. W. Story. 
Res., Peshawar. 

BAEEOW-in-FUENESS, Bishop of. Et. Eev. 
Henry Ware, D.D., Bp. Suff. in Carlisle Dioe. 
and Canon of Carlisle, formerly Vic. and Eur. 
Dean of Kirkby Lonsdale : b. 1830, cons. 1889, 
mar. 18S7, 2nd wife. Res., The Abbey, Carlisle ; 
How Foot, Grasmere. 

BARRY, Baronet. Sir Francis Tress Barry, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1899), a D.L. for Caithness, is 
Baron de Barty in Portugal, late an M.P. (C), 
formerly Vice-Cons, for Prov. of Biscay and 
Cons. -Gen. in Gt. Brit, for Ecuador : son of the 
late Chas. Barry, Esq., of Orpington; b. 1825, 
mar. 1851 Sarah Douglas, dan. of the late Arthur 
Herron, Esq. Heir, his son Edward Arthur 
(b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Claude Francis, b. 
1883). Seats, St. Leonard's Hill, Windsor ; Keiss 
Castle, Wick, Caithness ; town res., 1 Sth. Audley 
St.,W. 

BARRY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Alfred Barry, 
D.D., D.C.L., late 3rd Bp. of Sydney (1884-9), 
being also Metropol. of N.S. Wales and Primate 
of Australia, &c. (then styled " Most Rev."), prev. 
Princ. of King's Coll. London and Canon of West- 
minster, now Canon of Windsor and Bp. Assist, 
to Bp. of London: b. 1826, mar. 1851. Res., 
The Cloisters, Windsor Castle. 

BARRY, Knight (1). Eear-Adm. Sir Henry 
Deacon Barry, K.C.V.O. (1906), late Adm. Supt. 
of Portsmth. Dockyard, now. comdg. Meditn. 
Cruiser Squadr. : b. 1849, mar. 1881 Elizabeth 
Annie, dau. of the late Rev. H. J. Maltby. Res. 
Portsmouth. 

BARRY, Knight (2). Sir John Edmond Barry, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), formerly a merchant in Dublin 
and Wexford and Pres. of Dublin Chamb. of 
Commerce, is a memb. of Bd. of Superintendence 
Dublin Hosps. and Gov. of Royal Hibern. Mil. 
Sch. : b. 1828, mar. 1849 Teresa, dau. of the 
late Jno. Keefe, Esq. Res., 12 Mount joy Sq., 
Dublin. 

BARRY, Knight (3)— see "Barry (Wolfe-)." 
BARRY, Hon. Mrs. Charles, sist. of 4th Vise. 
Southwell. 

BARRY, Lady Grace, dau. of 7th E. of 

Dunmore. 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. James David, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Clanmurris. 

BAEEY, Maj. Stanley Leonard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 10th Hussars, Assist. Mil. Sec. to Lt.- 
Gen. Sir J. D. P. French; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1873 (a son of above Bt.). 

BAEEY (SMITH-), family name of Barry- 
more Barony, q.v. for Hon. Dorothy. 

BAEEY (SMITH-), Lady Charlotte Jane, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Enniskillen. 

BAEEY (WOLFE-) Knight. Sir John Wolfe 
Wolfe-Barry, K.C.B. (Civ. 1897), V.D., LL.Di, 
F.E.S., F.Roy. Inst., M.I.C.E. (Past Pres.), 
M.I.M.E., a D.L. for Co. London, Aid. of 
Westmr., Engr. of the Tower Bridge, Blackfriars 
Rail. Bridge,l£ew Bridge, the Barry Docks, &c. ; 
completed the Inner Circle Rail, and built St. 
Paul's Station; Consg. Engr. to the N. E., Cale- 
donian, S. E., Metrop., and other Rails., and to 
Bombay and Durban Port Trusts, Chmn. Eastern 
Teleg. Co., Brit. Repres. on Suez Canal Com- 
mssn., and a memb. of numerous Home Com- 
inssns., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Engr. and Rail. 
Vol. Staff Corps, a Crown Memb. of Senate Lond. 
Univ. (for four years from May 1903) : son of the 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



l 2 



132 



BAR 



Directory of Peerage, 



BAS 



late Sir Chas. Barry, E.A., b. 1836, mar. 1874 
Rosalind Grace, dau. of the late Rev. E. E. Row- 
sell; assumed the surname Wolfe 1898. lies., 
Ralmains, Stanley S.O., Perthsh. ; 23 Delahay 
St., Westminster, S.W. 

BARRYMORE, Baron. Arthur Hugh 
Smith-Barry, 1st Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Irel. 1896), 
aD.L. andCo. Aid. for Hunts., was High Sheriff 
of Cheshire 1883 and Cork 1886, is a D.L. for 
latter Co. also, late an M.P., and has been 
Chmn. of Nat. Union of Conserv. Assoes. * son of 
the late Jas. Hugh Smith -Barry, Esq., and a 
descendant of 4th E. of Barrymore (extinct line) ; 
b. Jan. 17, 1843; cr - Bn. 1902 (C); mar., 1st, 1868, 
the late Lady Mary Prances W yndham-Quin (d. 
1884), dau. of 3rd E. of Dunraven; 2ndly, 1889, 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Gen. Jas. Wadsworth, 
of New York, and widow of Arthur Post, Esq. 
No heir. Seats, Fota Island, Queenstown, Co. 
Cork ; Marbury Hall, Northwich, Cheshire ; town 
res., 20 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Barrymore, 1002.— An Irish 
Earldom of Barrymore existed from 1623 till 1824. The 
present Baron is descended from the youngest son of the 
4th Earl, his grandfather having been a natural son of 
a grandson of that Peer. The compound name was 
assumed *by royal licence in 1821 by the present Baron's 
grandfather for himself, his issue, and brothers and 
sisters. 

Issue. 
[Smith-Barry.) 

By 1ST MRRGE. 

The deceased James Hugh S.-B., b. 1870, d. 1871. 
Hon. Geraldine, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Ouerend, b. 

1869, mar. 1893 the late Henry B. Letharn 0., Esq. 

(d. 1904). Res., Thornfield, Donnybrook, Dublin. 

BY 2ND MRRGE. 

Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth S.-B., b. 1894. 
BARTER, Col. Charles St. Leoee, C.V.O. 
(1904), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late comdg. 2nd Yorks. 
L.I. ; Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
1901, was Mil. Sec. to High Commissi-. 1804-5, la *e 
A.Q.M.G. Welsh Midld. : b. 1856. Club., IT. Serv. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Capt. Hugh John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 
I 1871. 

I BARTLETT, Maj. Edwin, D.S.O. (1902), late 

I N.Z. Mtd. Rifles ; S. Africa 1900-2. 

i BARTLETT, Herbert FolgerstrOM, I.S.O. 
(1902), Contr. of Stamps and Registrar of Jt. 
Stk. Comps., late Sec. to Bd. Inld. Rev. : b. 1847. 
Res., 22 Cedars Rd., Clapham Common, S.W. 

BARTLETT (ASHMEAD-), Knight's Widow. 
Lady A.-B. (Frances Christina, dau. of Hy. E. 
Walsh, Esq.), mar. 1874 Sir Ellis Ashmead- 
Bartlett, M.P. (d. 1902). Bes., Grange House, 
Eastbourne; 2 Queen's Gt. Terr., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARTLEY, Knight,, Sir George Christopher 
Trout Bartley, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late an M.P. 
(C), founder of the Nat. Penny Bank and authoi 
of pamphlets on Thrift, formerly Sci. Exam, at 
S. Kens. : b. 1842, mar. 1864 Mary Charlotte, dau. 
of the late Sir Hy. Cole. Bes , St. Mai'garet's 
House, 57 Victoria St., S.W. 

BARTON, Knight (1). Maj. -Gen. Sir Geoefry 
Barton, K.C.V.O. (1906), C.B. (Mil. 1889), C.M.G. 
(1901), Ashanti 1873-4, S. Africa 1879, Egypt, &c, 
has been Assist. Mil. Sec. in China, late A.A.G. 
in N.W. Dist., comd. 6th Brig, in Boer War 
1899-1902, ret. 1904, is Col. Roy. Fus. : b. 1844, 
mar. 1890 Beryl, dau. of Col. Edwd. P. Mackenzie. 
Club, TJ. Serv. 

BARTON, Knight (2). Sir John George 
Barton, Kt. Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1900), M.I.C.E., 
Fell. Inst, of Surveyors, Commissi 1 for Valuation 
in Ireld. and Bd. of Trade Arbitrator for Lt. 
Rails, there : b. 1850. Bes., Altan, Grange, Fox- 



rock, Co. Dublin; Valuation Office, Ely PL, 
Dublin. 

BARTON, Peiv. Counc. and Knight (3). Rt. 
Hon. Sir Edmund Barton, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
G.C.M.G. (1902), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., late 
Prime Minister of the Australian Federation 
(first to hold the office), now Sen. Puisne Judge of 
Federal High Ct., was Attorn. -Gen. inN.S. Wales 
1889 and 1891-3 and Speaker Leg. Assemb. 1883-7, 
late K.C. : b. 1849, mar. 1877 Jean Mason, dau. of 
David Ross, Esq. Bes., Eiystm, Woollahia, 
Sydney, N.S.W. 

BARTON, Maj. Charles Gerard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Roy. Lane. Regt.; S. Africa 1899- 

1902 : b. i860. Bes., East Leigh, Havant, Hants. 
BARTON, Capt, Charles Walter, D.S.O. 

(1900-1), N'thants. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 
1876. 

BARTON, Francis Rickman, CM G. (1905), 
Admin, of Govt, in Brit. New Guinea. Bes., Port 
Moresby, N. Guinea. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Hugh, dau. of 3rd Bn. 
Clarina. 

BARTON, Col. Maurice Charles, D.S.O. 
(1899), R.E. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-9, Akha 1883-4, 
Burma 1885-7, Isazai, Chitral Relief, and N.W. 
Front. 1897-8 : b. 1852. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Thomas, dau. of 3rd Bn. 
Plunket. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet. Sir Walter Bal- 
four Barttelot, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1875), Lieut. Cold- 
strm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly as 
an A.D.C. : son of 2ndBt., b. 1880, sue. 1900, mar. 

1903 Gladys St. Aubyn, dau. of Capt. Wm. C. An- 
gove, R.N.R. Heir, his son Walter de Stop- 
ham (b. 1904 ; 2nd heir, next son, b. 1905). Seat, 
Stopham House, Pulborough S.O., Sussex. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady B. (Georgiana Mary, dau. of the late Geo. 
Edmd. Balfour, Esq., of Sidmouth), mar., 1st, 
1879, Maj. Sir Walter G. Barttelot, 2nd Bt. (d. on 
service in S. Africa, 1900) ; 2ndly, 1902, Beville 
Molesworth St. Aubyn, Esq. — retaining title by- 
right. Bes., Toat Farm , Pulborou gh S O . , S ussex*; 
10 Berkeley Sq., W. 

B ASHY AM— see "Aiyangar, Sir Bhashyam." 

BASING, Baron. George Ltmbrey Sclater- 
Booth, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.B. (Mil. 1902), B.A., 
late Col. comdg. istDrgns., served in S. Africa 
1899-1902 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Jan. 1, i860; sue. 
1894 (C.) ; mar. 1889 the late Mary (d. 1904), dau. 
of the late Jno. Hargreaves, Esq. Seat, Hodding- 
ton House, Winchheld, Hants, (let) ; club, Nav. 
and Mil. 

Creation. Bn. Basing, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bn. was 30 
years M.P. for Hants., and held several Ministerial 
offices, including that of President of the Local Govern- 
ment Board ; was also F.R.S. He was the son of Wm. 
Lutley Sclater, and assumed in iS57the additional name 
of Booth. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Sdatar-Booth.) 
Issue of -present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. John Limrrey Robert S.-B., heir to Barony, 

b. 1890. (and heir, his uncle Hon. Charles.) 
Hon. Joan Penelope S.-B., b. 1892. 
Hon. Lydia Joyce S.-B., b. 1893. 

Surviving issue of xstBn. (bros. andsists. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Charles Lutley S.-B., barrister-at-law, b. 1862, 
mar. 1900, as 2nd husb., Ellen Geraldine, dau. 
of Geo. Jones, Esq., of Mitton Manor, Staffs., and 
widow of W. Tudor Erere, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles 
S.-B.). Res., Basing House, Basingstoke, Hants. 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c, BAT 133 



EAS 



Hon. Walter Dashwood S.-B., Maj. R.F.A.,b. 1869. 

Club, Army and Navy. 
Hon. Theodora Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Remington 

White-Thomson, mar. 1889 Rem. Walter W. -2'., 

Esq. Res., 39 Hans PL, Sloane St., S.W. 
Hon. Penelope Magdalen, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 

Bovill, mar. 1886 Ghas. A. B., Esq. Res., Smeeth 

Paddocks, Ashford, Kent. 
Hon. Lydia Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Frank 

Walkinshaiv, mar. 1893 Prank IP., Esq. Res., 

Hartley Grange, Winchfield, Hants. 
Hon. Eleanor Birch, now Hon. Mrs. Wilson Fox, 

mar. 1898 J ly. Wilson F, Esq. Res. a Halkin St., S.W. 
Hon. Amy Cicely, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Marshall, 

mar. 1893 Eras. M., Esq. Res., 2 Chesham PI., S.W. 

BASS, family name of Burton Barony. No 
issue of the name. (For Hon. Mrs. Hamar B., 
now Shaw, see " Bagot," 3rd Bn.) 

BASS, Lady (Wilmot Ida) Noreen, dan. of 
13th E. of Huntingdon. 

" BATE, Col. Thomas Elwood Lindesay, 
CLE. (1902), I.M.S., Insp.-Gen. of Prisons in 
Punjab, formerly Civ. Surg, at Gujerat : b. 1852. 
Res., Lahore, Punjab. 

BATEMAN, Baron. William Spencer Bate- 
man-Hanbury, 3rd Bn. (U.K.), formerly Capt. 
2nd Life Gds., served in Egypt 1882: son of 2nd 
Bn. ; b. Sept. 30, 1356; sue. 1901 (C); mar. 1904 
Marion Alice, widow of Henry Cabot Knapp, Esq., 
and dau. of Jas. J. Graham, Esq., of New York. 
Seat, Shobdon Ct., Shobdon S.O., Herefordsh. 

Creation. Bn. Bateman, UK. 1837.— An Irish Viscty. 
of Bateman having become extinct, William Hanbury, 
who succeeded to the estates and assumed the additional 
surname of Bateman, was awarded this U.K. Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bateman-Hanbury. ) 
Surviving issue of2ndBn. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Maud Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Archibald 
Parker, b. 1855, mar. 1890 Rev. the Hon. Archib. P. , 
son of 6th E. of Macclesfield, q.v. 
(Present Baron, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Evelyn Augusta, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Foster, 
b. 1858, mar. 1884 Robt. Jno. F., Esq. Res., Har- 
rowins, Queensbury, Bradford, Yorks. ; Stockeld 
Pk., Wetherby, same Go. 

Hon. Edward Reginald B.-H., heir pres. to Barony, 
a D.L. for Herefordsh., formerly Maj. 4th Batt. 
Rifle Brigade : b. 1859. Club, Boodle's. 

Hon. Gertrude Emily, now Hon. Mrs. John Wood, 
b. i860, mar. 1893 Jno. W., Esq. Res., Hengrave 
Hall, Bury St. Edmds. ; Whitfield, Glossop, 
Derbysh. 

Hon. Agnes Rosamond B.-H., b. 1866. 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Mark Rovell, 

b. 1870, mar. 1905 T. Mark II., Esq. Res., 105 

HarleySt.,W. 
Hon. Rachel Anno Selina Decima, now Hon. Mrs. 

Hill Wood, b. 1875, mar. 1399 Saml. Hill W. Esq. 

Res., Moorfield, Glossop, Derbysh. ; Oakley Pk. . 

Eye, Suffolk. 

Hon. Charles Stanhope Melville B.-H., 2nd heir, a 
D.L. for Norfolk and Norwich, Lieut. Norf. Imper. 
Yeom.: b. 1877. Res., Breckels Hall, Attleborough, 
Norfolk. 

Issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of present) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Whyte-Melville- 
l)ancan,b. 1823, mar. 1890, 2nd husb., Leslie Fraser 
Duncan, Esq., who in 1903 assumed the additl. 
names of her prev. husb. Res., 54 Upper Brook 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1901.) 

Hon. Chas. Spencer Bateman-Haribury-Kincaid-Len- 
nox ("Hon. Spencer Hanbury"), M.A., a D.L. for 
Co. Hereford, late also Stirling, formerly Capt. 2nd 
Life Gds., A.D.G. to Lord Lieut, of Ircld. (E. of 
Eglinton), and an M.P. ; assumed addit. names of 
Kincaid-Lennox 1862; b. 1827, mar., 1st, 1861, Dow. 
Vctss. Strangford (d. 1892) ; 2ndly, 1893, Rosa, dau. 
of the late Boyd Alex. Cuninghame, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Spencer Hanbury). Res., 63 Montagu Sq.. W. 

Rev. the Hon. Arthur Allen B.-H., M.A., Preb. of 



Hereford : b. 1829, widower. Res., The Rectory, 

Shobdon S.O., Herefs. 
Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, now The Lady Northwick 

(q.v.), b. 1832, mar. 1869, 2nd husb., the late 3rd 

and last Bn. Northwick (d. 1887). 
Hon. Louisa Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. de Vismes 

Kane, b. 1837, mar. 1902, 2nd wife to 2nd husb., 

Wm. F. de Vismes K., Esq. Res., Drumreaske 

House, Monaghan. 

BATEMAN, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Agnes Burrell, dau. of Gen. Sir Edwd. 
Kerrison, 1st Bt., G.C.H., K.C.B.), mar. 1854 2nd 
Bn. Bateman (d. 1901). Ees., Oakley Pk., Suffk., 
Scole S.O. ; Brome Hall, Eye, same Co. 

BATEMAN, Knight. Sir Alfred Edmund 
Bateman, K.C.M.G. (1900), E.R.S.S. (Pres. 1897), 
barrister-at-law, Ghmn. of Bd. of Trade Advi- 
sory Cmttee. on Commerc. Intell., late Comptr.- 
Gen. to that Dept.; has been Sec. or Brit. Deleg. 
to various Commssns. &c. : b. 1844, mar. 1868 
Edith Ellen, dau. of the late Jas. E. Hobson, Esq. 
lies. Woodhouse, 1 Wimbledon Pk., S.W. 

BATEMAN, Edward Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1898), 
B.A., barrister-at-law, late Assist.-Sec. to Eccle- 
siast. Commissrs. : b. 1834. lies., Rowditch 
Lcdg<?, Derby ; 47 Duke Street, St. James's, S.W. 

BATEMAN, Hon. Mrs. John, aunt of present 
E. of Lathom. 

BATEMAN-SCOTT, Lady (or " Bateman and j 
Scott")— see " Scott, Bts.' Wids." 

BATES, Baronet. Sir Percy Elly Bates, 4th 
Bt. (U.K. 1880), son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of ! 
3rd, b. 1879, sue. 1903. Heir pres., his bro. Cecil j 
Robert, Lieut. RA. (b. 1882 ; 2nd heir, next bro., \ 
Frederic Alan, b. 1S84). Seats, Gym Castle, I 
Mostyn S.O., Elints. ; Beechenhurst, Allerton, ! 
Liverpool. 

BATES, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance Elizabeth, dau. of the late Saml. B.Graves, 
Esq., M.P.), mar. 1876 Sir Edwd. Percy Bates, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1899). Ties., with present Bt. 

BATES, Col. Charles Loftus, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Northumbd. Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1863. Ees., The 
Spital, Hexham, N'thumb. 

BATESON ( DE- YARBURGH-) , family name 
of Deramore Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BATH, Marquess of. Thomas Henry Thynne 
(pron. Thin), 5th Marq. (Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., 
Ijord Lieut, of Somersetsh., Lt.-Col._ comdg. and j 
Hon. Col.Wilts.Imper.Yeom.,lateLnderSec.for j 
India, prev. an M.P. (as Vise. Weymouth) : son of 
4th M. ; b. July 16, 1862 ; sue. 1896 (C); mar. 1890 
Violet Caroline, dau. of Sir Chas. Mordaunt, 10th 
Bt. Seat, Longleat, Warminster, Wilts. ; town 
res., 29 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. 1641 ; Vise. Weymouth and 
Bn. Thynne, 1682. Gt. Br. : M. of Bath, 1789.— The 2nd 
Bt., who was several years in Parliament, was created ; 
Vise. AVeymouth ; the 3rd Vise, who had married a \ 
daughter of the 2nd Duke of Portland, obtained the 
Marquessate. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Thynne.) 
Issue of present ($th) 31. : 

Lady Alice Kathleen Violet T., b. 1S91. 
Lady Emma Marjory T., b. 1893. 
Vise. Weymouth, heir to Marquessate: John Alex- 
ander T., b. 1895. 
Lady Mary Beatrice T., b. 1903. 
Lord Henry Frederick T., 2nd heir, b. 1905. 

Surviving issue of qih 31. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

(Present Marquess, b. 1862.) 

Lady Alice Emma, now Lady A. Shaw-Steteart, b. 
1864, mar. 1883 Sir (Mich.) Hugh S.-S., M.P., 8th Bt. 
q.v. 



134 BAT 



BAX 



Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa, now Ctss. of 
Cromer, b. i36s, mar. 1901, as snd wife, 1st Earl of 
C, q.v 

L^idy Beatrice T., b. 1867 (twin with dec. bro. Ld. 
Jno.). 

Lord Alexander George 7., Capt. Roy. Wilts. Irnper. 
Yeom., Lerved in S. Africa 1900-2, late L.O.C. : b. 
1873. 

Dau. of 3rd M. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1831, d. 1896.) 
Lady Louisa Isabella Harriet, now Lady L. Feilding, 
b. 1334, see "Feilding, Kt.'s Wid." 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Ulrica Frederica Jane T., ne'e St. Maur, dau. of 
12th D. of Somerset, K.G.,b. 1S33, mar. 1858 the late 
Rt. Hon. Ld. Henry Fredk. T. (d. 1904). Res., 
Muntham Ct., Worthing; 30 Grosvenor Gdns. S.W. 

BATH, Marquess's Widow. Dowager Mar- 
chioness of B., nee Eon. Frances Isabella 
Catherine Vesey, dan. of 3rd Vise, de Vesci, b. 
1840, mar. 1861 4th M. of Bath (d. 1896). Bes., 15 
Manchester Sq., W. 

BATH and WELLS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
George Wyndham Kenhion, D.D., 70th Bp., 
Yor"k Dioc. Insp. of Schools 1871-3, Vic. of All 
Saints, Bradford, i875-,82 and Bp. of Adelaide 
I882-94, lias also been Lect. in Pastoral Theol. and 
Bamsden Preacher at Cambridge : b. 1845, cons. 
1882, transld. 1894, ent. Lords 1899 (Indep.), mar. 
1882. Bes., The Palace, Wells, Somerset.— Assist. 
Bishop, see " Stirling." 

BATHURST, family name of Earldom of that 
title, q.v. for "Hons." and Lady Meriel, see also 
below. 

BATHURST, Bishop of. Bt. Bev. Charles 
Edward Camidge, D.D., 2nd Bn., formerly Vic. 
and Bur. Dean of Thirsk, Beet, of Wheldrake, 
and Preb. and Canon of York, twice el. Proctor 
of Convocn. : b. 1838, cons. 1887, mar. 1863. 
Bes., Bishop's Ct., Bathurst, N.S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl. Seymour Henry Bathurst, 
7th Earl (Gt.Br.), C.M.G.(i902), a D.L. and C.C. 
for Gloucestersh., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 
4th Batt. Glouc. Eegt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900: son of 6th E. 1 ; b. July 21, 1864; sue. 1892 
(Q.) ; mar. 1893 Lilias Margaret Frances Borth- 
wieli, dau. of Bn. Clenesk. Seat, Cirencester 
House, Cirencester; toivn res., 22 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bathurst, 1712 ; Bn. Apsley, 
1771; Earl Bathurst, 1772.— Allen Bathurst, M.P., son 
of Sir Ben.i. Bathurst, Cofferer to Queen Anne, was made 
Bn. and Earl Bathurst, whilst his 2nd son, who became 
Lord Chancellor and eventually succeeded his father, 
was on his appointment created Bn. Apsley. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bathurst.) 
Issue of present (jth) E. ; 

Lady Meriel Olivia. B., b. 1804. 

Lord Apsley, heir to Earldom : Allen Algernon B., 
b. 1805. 

Hon. William Balph Seymour J?., 2nd heir, b. 1503. 
Hon. Ralph Henry B., b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6tJi E. (bros., sist., and half- 
sist. of present) : 

By 1ST MRRQE. 

Lady Georgina Meriel, now Lady Georgir.a Buchanan, 
b. 1863, mar. 1885 Sir George Wm. B., K.C.V.O., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1864.) 

Hon. Lancelot Julian B,, b. 1868. Res., 41 Lowndes 
Sq„ S.W. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin B-, late an M.P. (C), 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. in Glouc. Mil., served in 
S. Africa 1900, was Parliam. Priv. Sec. (unpaid) to 
the late Postmr.-Gen.: b. 1872, mar. 1902 Augusta 
Ruby, dau. of Lord Edward Spencsr-ChirrchiU, son 
of <5tp D. of Marlborough (Hon. Mrs. Benjamin B.). 
Res., Lyer Street House, Cirencester. 
By asp ifuiipE. 

Lady Evelyn Selina, now Lady E. Lister, b. 1875, 



rnar. 1898 the late Maj. Geo. Coryton L., son of Sir T. 
Villiers Lister, K.C.M.G. (d. 1903). Res., 50 Warwick 
Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl's Widow. Evelyn, 
Countess B. (Evelyn Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. J. B. 1 
Hankey, Esq.), mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl , 
Bathurst (d. 1892). Bes., St. Hilda, Sea View, 
Ryde, I.W. ; 41 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ludlow. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Frederick Edward William Hervey-Bathurst, 
5th Bt. {U.K. 1818), Capt. Gren. Gds. retd. U9o6), 
served in Nile Expedn. 1898 and in S. Africa 
1900: son of 4th Bt., b. 1870, sue. 1900, mar. 
1901 the undermentioned Hon. Lady Hervey- 
Bathurst. Heir, his son Frederick Peter 
Methuen (b. 1903; 2nd heir, Bt's bro. Felton 
Rainald George, b. 1871). Seat, Somborne Pk., 
Stockbridge S.O., Hants. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady H.-B. (Ada, dau. of Sir Jno. S. 
Bibton, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1869 Lt.-Col. Sir Fredk. T. 
A. Hervey-Bathurst, 4th Bt., an M.P. 1861-5 
(C, d. 1900). Bes., 69 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., 
S.W. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Hon. Lady, wife of 
above Bt. and dau. of 14th Bn. Inchiquin, q.v. 

BATSON, Col. Herbert, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
Devon Regt. retd. (1904) ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 
1853- 

BATTEN, Col. John Mount, C.B. (Civ. 1903), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.) retd., 
Lord Lieut, and a Co. Aid. for Dorset (High 
Sheriff 1903); S. Africa 1902: b. 1843. Sea., 
Upcerne, Dorchester ; Mornington Lodge, W. 
Kens., W. 

BATTEN (CHISHOLM-), Rear-Adm. Alex- 
ander William, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late 
A.D.C. to H. M. : b. 1851. 

BATTENBERG — see Roy. Fam. and its Index. 

BATTERSEA, Baron. Cyril Flower, 1st 
En. (U.K.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Lieut, for 
City of London and late Lieut. Bucks. Imper. 
Yeom. ; an M.P. 1880-92, and has been Junior 
Lord of the Treasury : son of the late Philip W. 
Flower, Esq., of Streatham; b. Aug. 30, 1843; 
cr. Bn. 1892 (L.) ; mar. 1877 Constance, a memb. 
of League of Mercy, dau. of Sir Anthony de 
Rothschild, 1st Bt. Heir, none. Seat, The 
Pleasaunce, Overstrand, Cromer; town res., Surrey 
House, 7 Marble Arch, W. 

Creation. Bn. Battersea, U.K. 1S92.— No titled relatives. 

BATTYE, Maj.-Gen. Arthur, C.B. (Mil. 

1881) , I. A. Supernum. List; Oudh 1858, N. W. 
Frontier 1864, Hazara 1868, Lushai 1871-2, and 
Afghrj. 1878-80: b. 1839. 

BATTYE, Capt. Clinton Wynyard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L. I.; Boer War 1899-1000 : 
b. 1874. 

BAUCHOP, Lt.-Col. Arthur, C.M.G. (1902), 
7th New Zeald. Contingt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1871. Bes., Defence Office, Christchurch, N.Z. 

BAUGHAN, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 

1882) , Assist. Dir. of Transports at Admiralty : b. 
1834. Bes., 1 Acacia Gdns., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

BAVARIA, H.R.H. the Regent of (Prince 
Luitpold Carl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig), G.C.B. 
(Hon. Mil. 1901), b. 1821, widower (mar. 1844 
H.I.H. Archdss. Augustin of Austria, d. 1864). — 
For other names see Royal Family. 

BAXTEB, Knight, Sir George Washington 
Baxter, Kt. Bach. (igo4),LL.D. : a D.L. of Dundee, 



BAY 



Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 



BEA 135 



and a manufacturer : b. 1853, mar. 1899 Edith, 
dau. of Maj. -Gen. J. L. Fagan. JRes., Invereighty, 
Forfarsh. (? post-town). 

BAYAED, Maj. Eeginald, D.S.O. (1902), 
E. KentBegt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BAYFOBD, Capt. Edmund Hesei.tine, D.S.O. 
(Mil, 1902), 18th Hussars; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay : b. 1873. 

BAYHAM, Viscount (Gt. Br. 1786) — see 
" Camden, Marq." 

BAYLEY, Knight (1 ) . Sir Lyttelton Holy- 
oake Bayley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Puisne Judge 
of the High Ct. of Bombay and an M.L.C., also 
Lt.-Col. Bomb. Rifle Vols, and Hon. A.D.C. to 
Viceroy, prev. Attorn. -Gen., M.L.C., andM.L.A. 
of N.S. "Wales : b. 1827, widower ; is bro. of Eev. 
Sir J. Emilius Laurie, Bt., q.v. for altered name. 
Club, Oriental. 

BAYLEY, Knight (2). Sir Steuart Colvin 
Bayley, K.C.S.I. (1878), CLE. (1882), late Lt.- 
Gov. of Bengal and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, 
now of that of Sec. for India, has been Ch. 
Commissr. of Assam and Acting Lt.-Gov. of 
Bengal : b. 1836, mar. i860 Anna, dau. of E. N. 
Farquharson, Esq. Bes. , 2 Barkston Gdns. , Earl's 
Ct., S.W. 

BAYLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Emily 
Anne Theophila, dau. of Sir Thos. T. Metcalfe, 
4th Bt.), mar. 1850 Sir Edwd. C. Bayley, 
K.C.S.I. (d. 1884). Bes., The Wilderness, Ascot, 
Berks. 

BAYLEY, Charles Butterworth, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Assist. Sec. to Bengal Govt. 

BAYLEY, Charles Stuart, C.S.I. (1903), 
barrister-at-law, has been an Under Sec. to Ind. 
Govt., now Eesid. at Hyderabad: b. 1854. Bes., 
The Eesidency, Hyderabad, Deccan. 

BAYLY, Maj. -Gen. Alfred William Lam- 
bart, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1887), LA., 
late A.D.C. to H.M.; Afghn. 1879-80, Soudan, 
and Burma 1886-7, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Sec. 
to Ind. Army Dept. : b. 1856. Club, U. Serv. 

BAYLY, Francis Albert, I.S.O. (1902), Sec. 
and Eeg. of Dist. Serv. Older, late a Princ. Clk. 
War Office : b. 1842. 

BAYLY, Hon. Mrs. Paget, dau. of 13th Bn. 
Inchiquin. 

BAYLY, Col. Zaciiary Stanley, C.M.G. 
(1880), late Comdt.-Gen. Cape Colon. Forces. 
Bes., Butterworth, Transkei, Cape. 

BAYNE, Charles Gerwien, C.S.I. (1901), 
Chief Sec. in Brit. Burma and memb. of Lt.-Gov.'s 
Counc, in I.C.S. from 1880: b. i860. Bes., Ran- 
goon and Mavmyo. 

BAYNES, Baronet. Sir Christopher Wil- 
liam Baynes, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1801) , Agent to 
Bk. of Engld. at Law Cts. Branch: son of 3rd 
Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1897, mar. 1872 Amy Ruperta, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Colston, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Edward Colston (b. 1876; 2nd 
heir, next son, Ronald Christopher, b. 1878). 
Address, Bank of England Branch, Temple 
Bar, W.C. 

BAYNES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Margaret, dau. of Danl. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1845 Sir Wm. J. W. Baynes, 3rd Bt. (d. 1897). 

BAYNES, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Arthur Hamilton 
Baynes,D.~D., late 2nd Bp. of Natal (1893-1900), was 
Domest. Chapl. to Abp. Benson and has been Six 
Preacher at Canterbury, now Vic. of St. Mary's, 
Nottingham, a Preb. in Southwell Cathedral, and 



Bp. Assist. : b. 1854, mar. 1894. [Distinct from Bp. 
Baines.] 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), late Sen. 
M.L.A. of Natal, now Min. of Lands and Works : 
b. 1842. Res., Nel's Rust, Natal. 

BAZLEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Sebastian 
Bazley, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1869), M.A., a D.L. for 
Glouc. (High Sheriff 1874) : son of istBt., b. 1829, 
sue. 1885, widower. Heir, his son Gardner 
Sebastian (b. 1863 ; no 2nd heir). Bes., Winter- 
dyne, Bournemouth West. 

BEACH (HICKS-) , family name of St. Aldwys 
Viscty., q.v. for Hon. Michael. 

BEACHCROFT, Knight. Sir (Richard) 
Melvill Beachcroft, Kt. Bach. (1904), of a firm of 
solicitors, formerly Vice-Chum. L.C.C., and first 
Chmn. Metrop. Water Board : b. 1846, mar. 1877 
Charlotte Emily, dau. of the late Robt. M. 
Bonnor-Maurice, Esq. Bes., Littlemouat, Cook- 
ham Dean, Cookham Rise, Berks. ; 11 Craven 
Hill, Hyde Pk., W. 

BEADON, Knight's Widow. LadyJ5. (Agnes, 
dau. of W. H. Sterndale, Esq.), mar. i860, as 
2nd wife, Sir Cecil Beadon, K.C.S.I.. Lt.-Gov. 
of Bengal (d. 1880). 

BEAL, Lt.-Col. Robert, C.M.G. (1897), United 
Gwelo Field Force; Matabeleld. 1896. Bes., 
Gwelo, Rhodesia. 

BEALE, Maj. Henry Yelverton, D.S.O. 
(1902), late Norf. Regt. ; Burma 1892-3, S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. i85o. 

BEALL, Capt. George.I.S.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., 
formerly in merchant service, late Princ. Examiner 
of Masters nd Mates, Bd. of Trade, is a Younger 
Bro. of Trin. House : b. 1840. Bes., Eyot Mead, 
Maylield, Sussex. 

BEARCROFT, Col. Edward Hugh, C.B. (Civ. 
1903), late Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Batt. 
Wore. Regt. (Mil.); S. ASrica 1901-2: b. 1852. 
Bes., Mere Hall, Droitwich. 

BEARCROFT, Rear-Adm. John Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), E. Coast 
of Africa 1871-80, Coast of Greece 1886, and in 
China-Japan War, comd. Roy. Nav. Brigade in 
S. Africa 1899-1900, ret. 1906 : b. 1851. Club, 
U. Serv. 

BEARD, Charles Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), B.A., 
Chief Clerk in Irish Secretary's Office : b. 1858. 
Bes., Avonbeg, Terenure, Dublin. 

BEARD, Supt. Frederick, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1902), Chief Ofir. "A" Divn., Metrop. Police. 

BEATSON, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Stuart 
Brownlow Beatson, K.C.S.I. (1906), C.B. (Mil. 
1898), LA., served in Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 1878- 
80, Egypt, Burma 1886-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8, 
S. Africa 1901-2, now Insp.-Gen. Imper. Serv. 
Troops in India and an Extra Equerry to H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales : b. 1854, mar. 1889 Edith 
Cecil, dau. of the late Lt.-Gen. Sir Wm. K. Elles, 
k.c.b. Res., Armadale, Simla. 

BEATSON, Col. Fixlay Cochrane, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), Wilts. Regt.; South Africa 1899-1902, was 
Prof, at Staff Coll. 1892-8. now D.A.G. at Headqrs. 
LA. : b. 1855. 

BEATSON, Col. George Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., M.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 
E.A.M.C. Vols., Glasgow Company; Sen. Sur- 
geon to Glasgow Cancer Hospital : b. 1848. Bes., 
7 Woodside Cresc, Glasgow. 

BEATTY, Maj. Charles Harold Longfield, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., late Capt., 6th Batt. 
Eoy. Warwioks. Eegt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1: 
b. 1870. Bes., Bedford Cottage, Newmarket; 
Borodale, Wexford. 



136 



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Directory of Peer< 



BEA 



BEATTY, Capt. David, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1905), D.S.O. (1896), R.N., Dongola, Nile 1897-8, 
China 1900: b. 1871. Res., 15 UpD. Giosvenor 
St., W. 

BEATTY, Haslitt Michael, C.M.G. (1902), 
Chief Locomotive Supt. Govt. Rails., Cape of 
Good Hope. Res., Cape Town. 

BEAUCHAMP (pron. Beecham), Earl. "Wil- 
liam Lyqon (pron. Liggon), 7th Earl (U.K.), 
P.C. (Gt'. Br. 1906), K.C.M.G. (1899), LL.D., a 
D.L. for Wore, Capt. of Hon. Corps of Gentn. 
at Arms, Hon. Col. 1st Wore. Vol. Artill., Mayor 
of the city 1895, was Gov. of N.S. Wales 1899-1901 : 
son of 6th E. ; b. Eeb. 20, 1872; sue. 1891 (L.) ; 
mar. 1902 Lady Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvsnor, 
sist. of present D. of Westminster. Seat, Madres- 
field Ct., Malvern Link ; town res., 7 Carlton Gdns., 
S.W., and Engine Ct., St. James's Pal., S.W. | 

Creations. U.K.: Bn. Beauchamp, 1806; Earl Beau- 
champ and Vise. Elmley, 1815.— Wm. Lygon, for 30 years 
M.P. for AVorcestershire, was the recipient of these 
three titles. That of Bn. Beauchamp had been granted 
to this line by King Henry VI., lasting 1447-96. and no 
fewer than nine titles so styled are enumerated in 
' Nicolas.' 

Titled Relatives. 

(Lygon.) 
! Issue of present (jth) E.: 

A T isc. Elmley, heir to Earldom : William L., b. 1903. 
Hon. Hugh Patrick L., 2nd heir, b. 1904. 
Lady L. , b. 1906. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (sists., half-bros., &c., of 
present) : 

B¥ 1ST MRRGE. 

Lady Mary, now Lady M. If.-S.-Forbes-Trefnxis, a 
AVoman of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. the Princess 
of Wales : b. 1869, mar. 1905 Mai. Hon. Henry AValtcr 
H.-S.-F.-T., son of 2<Kh Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Susan, now Lady S. Gordon-Gilmonr, b. 1870, 

mar. 1889 Lt.-Col. llobt. Gordon G.-G., C.B., q.v. 
Present Earl, b. 1872.) 
dy Margaret, now The Lady Ampthill, C.I.,b. 1874, 
mar. 1894 2nd Bn. A., q.v. 

BY 2ND MRRGE. 

Hon. Robert L., Capt. Gren. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-igoo, was A. PC. to Gov. of Madras 
1900-3 : b. 1879, mar. 1903 Cecil Albinia, dau. of Sir 
Geo. G. Arbuthnot (Hon. Mrs. Robert L.) Club, 
Guards'. 

Lady Agnes, now Lady A. Peel, b. 1880, mar. 1906 

Hon. Arthur Geo. A'illiers P., son of Vise. Peel. 
Lady Maud L., b. 1882. 
Hon. Henry L., B. A., b. 1C84. 

BEAUCHAMP, Earl's Widow. Emily, Coun- 
tess B., nee Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierre- 
pont, dau. of 3rd Earl Manvers, b. 1853, mar. 
1878, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl Beauchamp (d. 1891). 
Res., i3Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

BEAUCHAMP, Viscount (Gt. Br. 1750)— see 
"Hertford. M. of." 

BEAUOHAMP, Henry King, CLE. (1903), 
F. R. Hist. S., M. R. A. S., twice Sheriff of Madras, 
is Editor of the Madras Mail : b. 1866. Res., 
Graem's Gdns., Cathedral, Madras. 

BEAUCHAMP (PROCTOR-), Baronet. Sir 
Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 5th Bt. 
{Gt. Br. 1745), a D.L. for Norfolk, late Capt. and 
Hon. Maj. Pr. of Wales's Own Norf. Artill. 
(Mil.) : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1874. mar. 
1880 Lady Violet JoceJyn, whom he divorced 1901. 
Heir pres., his bro. Col. Horace George P.-B., 
C.B.. q.v. (2nd heir, next bro., Montagu Harry, 
b. i860). Seat, Langley Pk., Norwich. 

BEAUCHAMP (PROCTOR-), Col. Horace 
George,C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg. 20th Hussars; 
Soudan 1885 and 18S8, S. Africa 1902, was with 
Egypto. Army 1887-91, let. 1904 : b. 1856, is heir 
to above Baronetcv. Res., 5 Hans PI., Chelsea, 
S.W. 



(Pi< 
La- 



BEAUCLERK, family name of St. Albans 
Dukedom, q.v. for Lord William and " Ladies." 

BEAUFORT, Duke of. Henry Adelbert 
Wellington FitzRoy Somerset, 9th Duke {Eng.), 
a D.L. for Brecon, Glouc, and Monm., High 
Steward of Bristol, Hered. Keeper of Ragland 
Castle, Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., Glouc. 
Impcr. Yeom., an A.D.C. to H.M., formerly Capt. 
Roy. Horse Gds. : son of 8th D. ; b. May 19, 
1847; sue. 1899 (G.) ; mar. 1895 Louise Emilv,dau. 
of the late Wm. H. Harford, Esq., and widow of 
Bn. Carlo de Tuyll. Seats, Badminton House, 
Chippenham, Wilts. ; Llangattock Pk., Crick- 
how ell, Brecons. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Botetourt, 1803 (orig. 1305 by 
writ); Bn. Herbert of Herbert, 1461 by writ, and Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow, and Gower, 1306 by 
patent : E. of AA r orcestcr, 1514 : M. of AVorcester, 1642 ; 
E. of Glamorgan, A'isc. Grosmont, and Bn. Beaufort, 
1644; 1). of Beaufort, i632.— The Botetourt Bny. was 
first granted to Jno. de Botetourt, but fell into abeyance 
on the death of his son in 1405, so continuing till 1764, 
and again from 1776 to 1803, when it was revived to the 
5th Duke. The Herbert of Herbert Bny. was conferred 
upon AVm. Herbert, afterwards Eirl of Pembroke, 
beheaded 1469. His son succeeded him, and had his 
Earldom exchanged for that of Huntingdon. Sir Gluts. 
Somerset, K.G. and Kt. Banneret, a natural son of 
Henry Beaufort, Luke of Somerset, was created Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland &c, but, having married the 
heiress of t he preceding, he was summoned to Parliament 
as Bn. Herbert of Herbert, thus uniting the two 
Baronies, though they retain their distinction as one by 
writ and the other by patent, and are subject to the 
possibility of becoming separated, as shown in the 
statement of heirdom below. Sir Charles was after- 
wards created Earl of AVorcester. The 5th Earl was 
raised to the Marquessate, the 2nd Marq. before succes- 
sion had the title Earl .of Glamorgan conferred on 
him, and the 3rd was created Duke of Beaufort. The 
Grosmont A'iscty. may originally have been " Grismond," 
as Sir H. Nicolas argues, mentioning, however, a 
Grosmont in Normandy which may have produced the 
altered form. At all events the ruins of Gros>r>ont 
Castle still exist in the late grounds of the Duke in 
Monmouthshire 

Titled Relatives. 
{Somerset.) 
Issue o f present (glh) I).: 

Lady Blanche Lhmie &, b. 1897. 
Lady Diana Maud Nina S., b. 1898. 
Marquess of AVorcester, heir to Dukedom and all 
titles: Henry Hugh Arthur FitzRoy S., b. 1500. 
(2nd heir to Dukedom and other titles by patent, 
his uncle Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard; to 
Barony of Herbert of Herb., the above two 
daughters.) 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1847.) 

Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard Charles S., b. 1849— 
see " Somerset. Priv. Counc." 

Lord Henry Arthur George S., a D.L. for Wilts., ! 
formerly Maj. Roy. Horse '.ids (served 111 Egyptian 
and Nile Expedns.) and Extra Equerry to 11. M. 
when Prince of AVales : b. 1851. 
— Dolus. -in-law : 

Lady Henry (Richard) S., wife of Rt. Hon. Lord 
Henry Bichard. 

Lady Edward A'. (Fanny Julia, dau. of Sir Alex. B. C. 
Dixie, 10th Bt.), mar., 1st, 1880, the late -Lord 
Hy. Edward Brudenell & (b. 1853^1.1897); ndly, 
1898, J. Gratwicke Bla-rave, Esq.— retaining title 
by courtesy, Res., Apostles' Oak, Abberley, Stcur- 
liort, AVorc. 
Issue of 7th D. (aunts of present) : 

(The. late 8th Duke, b. 1824, d. 1899.) , . 

Lady Geraldine Harriet Anne S., Y.A., lady in 
AVaiting to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Cambridge : 
b. 1832. Rex., 8 Upper Brook St., AV. 

Lady Katherine Emily Mary, now The Lauy Orma- 
thwaite, b. 1834, mar. 1858 2nd Bn. O., q.v. 

Lady Edith Frances Wilhelmine, now Dow. Cits, of 
Londesborough (q.v.), b. 1838, mar. 1863, wid. 1500. 

BEAUMONT, family name of Allendale 
i Barony, q.v. for "Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 



BEA Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BED 137 



BEAUMONT, Baroness. Mona Josephine 
Tempest Stapleton, Bnss. nth in line (Eng.) : 
dau. of 10th Bn. ; b. Aug. 1, 1894: sue. (after an 
abeyance of nine months) 1896. Seat, Carlton 
Towers, Carlton S.O., Yorks. 

Creation. Bn. Beaumont, Eng. 1309 by writ.— The 
1st Bn., Henry de Beaumont, was son of Louis 
de Brienne (by an heiress of the Beaumonts of Nor- 
mandy, whose name he assumed), and grandson of John 
de Brienne, King of Jerusalem, by Bcrengaria sister of 
Ferdinand, King of Castile and Leon, being thus 2nd 
cousin to Edward IT. ; he was also a, relative and com- 
panion-in-arms of Edward I. in his Scottish wars. The 
2nd Baron, John, married Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter 
of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, who was grandson of 
Henry III. and great-grandson, through his mother, 
Blanche d'Artois, of Louis VIII. of France. Isabel, 
daughter of the 1st Baron, married Henry, Duke of Lan- 
caster, and was grandmother of Henry IV. On the 
death of the 7th Bn. in ^507 the Peerage fell into abey- 
ance, and so continued until 1840. A second but much 
briefer abeyance followed in 1895 when the 10th Bn. left 
at his death two daughters, to the elder of whom the 
succession was awarded by the Crown in the next year. 
The 6th and 7th Bhs. held the title of Vise. Beaumont 
(1440-1507), this constituting the first creation of this 
rank in England. 

Sister. 

(Present Baroness, b. 1894.) 

Hon. Ivy Mary Stapleton, heiress pres. to Barony, 
b. (posthumous) 1895. (No definite 2nd heir, but 
the Rev. Gilbert S., M.A., b. 1862, a 1st cousin 
once removed, is the nearest relative among the 
many descendants under the first abeyance. ) 

BEAUMONT, Barons' Widows. (1) The 
Dowager Lady B., nee Hon. Isabella Anne Browne, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Kilmaine, b. abt. 1824, mar. 1844 
8th Bn., Beaumont (d. 1854).— (2) Violet, Lady B., | 
dau. of the late Fredk. W. Isaacson, Esq., M.P., 
mar. 1888 9th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1892). Res., 49 
Eaton PL, S.W.— (3) Ethel, Lady B. (Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Sir Chas. H. Tempest, 1st aud only Bt. of 
Heaton). mar. 1893 10th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1895). 
Res., with her dau. the Baroness. 

BEAUMONT, Baronet. Sir George Howl and 
William Beaumont, lothBt. (Eng. 1661), formerly 
Capt. R.A. : son of gth Bt., b. 1851, sue. 1882, 
mar. 1880 Lillie Ellen, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Geo. A. 
Craster. Heir, his son George Arthur Hamilton 
(b. 1881 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Frederick Louis 
Maureward, b. 1862) . Res., Coleorton Hall, Ashby- 
de-la-Zouch. 

BEAUMONT, Knight. Adm. Sir Lewis 
Anthony Beaumont, K.C.B. (Mil. 1904), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), F.R.G.S., Com.-in-Ch. at Devonpoit, prev. 
on Austral. Station, was Dir. of Nav. Intell. at 
Admiralty and a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 
served in Arctic Expedn. 1875-6 : b. 1847, mar. 
1889 Mary Eleanor, dau. of Chas. C. Perkins. Esq., 
of Boston, U.S. Res., Admiralty House, Devon- 
port. 

BEAUMONT, Ladies— see Baroness, Barons' 
Widows, and under Baronet and Knight. 

BEAUMONT, Lady Alexandrina ("Aline") 
Louisa Maud, dau. of 5th M. of Londonderry. 

BEAVER, Lieut. Henry Allen, M.V.O. (5th 
Clap s. 1903), E.N. retd., of H.M's yacht. 

BEBERRUA, Count of. Antonio Caruana- 
Gatto, 3rd Ct. (Malta 1783), M.D., Vice-Pres. of 
Cmttee. of Privileges and a memb. of Cmttee. of 
Assembly of Maltese Nobility : nephew of 2nd 
Ct.. b. 1839, sue. 1891, mar. 1867 Vincenza, dau. 
of Ct. Ferdinando F. Mont' Alto. Heir, his son 
Alfred, Cmitino of Beberrua (b. 1868; 2nd heir, 
next son, Rev. Robert, dci Coriii C.-G., b. 1871). 
Res., 59 Strada Levante, Valetta; 3 Strada 
Reale. Casal Attard, Malta, 

BECHER (WR.TXON-) , Baronet. Sir John 
Wrixon-Becher, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1831), M.A., 



a D.L. for Co. Cork (High Sheriff 1867) : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1828, sue. 1893, mar. 
1857 the under-mentioned Lady Emily Wrixon- 
Becher. Heir, his son Eustace William Wind- 
ham (b. 1859; 2nd heir, next son, Edgar, 
b. 1862). Seats, Baliygiblin (Mallow), and Creagh 
(Skibbereen). both Co. Cork. 

BECHER (WRIXON-) , Baronet's Widow (re- 
mrrd.). Florence, Lady W.-B. (Florence Eliza- 
beth Hannah, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Walker, 
Esq.) mar., 1st, 1878, Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1893) ;'zndly, 1894, Arthur D. H. II. 
Reynell-Pack,Esq..but retains her title by right. 
Res.. Netherton, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Lady Emily Kathe- 
rine, dau. of 2nd E. of Listowel (q.v.), and wife 
of Sir Jno. Wrixon-Becher, Bt. 

BECK, Col. Charles Hareop, C.B. (Mil. 
1902-1), Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg. 4th Batt. 
Chesh. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-2: b. 1861. 
lies., Upton Priory, Macclesfield; Frongoch, 
Llanlugan, Berriew S.O., Montgom. 

BECK, Frank Reginald, M.V.O. (4th Class, \ 
1901), Agent to H.M. at Sandringham : b. 1861. | 

BECKETT, family name of Grimthorpe 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons.," and see below. 

BECKETT, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), late 3rd Hussars; Egypt and Soudan, was 
an A.A.G. in Natal 1899-1900, and A.Q.M.G. at 
Headqrs., late Ch. Staif Offr. in Malta, ret. 1906: 
b. 1849. Club, U. Serv. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Gervase, dau. of late 
Vise. Helmsley, and granddau. of E. of Fever- 
sham, q.v. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton, dau. of 1st 
and last Bn. Lyndhurst. 

BECKETT, Col. Stephen, C.B. (Mil. 1885), 
I. A. retd. (1889) ; Mutiny, Frontier 1863-4, 
Afghn. 1879, Suakin 1885 : b. 1840. Res., 10 
Freeland Ed., Ealing, W. 

BECKWITH, Lady Muriel Beatrice, dau. of 
7th D. of Richmond. 

BECTIVE, Earl of (by courtesy— title, Trel. 
1766), elder son and heir of Marq. of Headfort. 

BEDDARD, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, dau. of Bn. 
Allerton. 

BEDFORD, Duke of. Herbrand Arthur 
Russell, nth Duke (Eng.), K.G. (1902), F.S.A., 
P.Z.S., Lord Lieut, of Middx., Chmn. Beds. 
C.C. and a D.L., a Trustee of Brit. Mus , 
Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. Beds. Eegt. and of 
19th Middx. Rifle Vols., formerly Lieut. Gren. 
Gds., served in Egypt 1882 and was A.D.C. to 
Gov.-Gen. of India, el. 1st Mayor of Holborn 
1900: son of 9th D. and bro. of 10th : b. Feb. 19, 
1858; sue. 1893 (LM.) ; mar. 1888 Mary Du 
Caurroy, a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus., dau. 
of Ven. Archdn. Tribe. Seats, Woburn Abbey, 
Beds. ; Oakley House, Bedford; Endsleigh, 
Tavistock, Devon; town res., 15 Belgrave Sq., 
S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Russell of Cheneys, 1539 ; E. of 
Bedford, 1550; Bn. Russell of Thornhaugh, 1603; D. of 
Bedford and M. of Tavistock, 1694: Bn. Howland, 1605,— 
An Earldom of Bedford and two Dukedoms had existed 
between 1150 and 149S, hut had all become extinct : the 
earliest to hold the Dukedom was a brother of King 
Henry V., who became Regentof England and Constable 
of France during the next King's minority. The above 
Bny. and Earldom were conferred upon John Russell, a 
geiitlemnn residing on the Dorsetshire coast, whose 
cousin Sir Thos. Trenchard had hospitably entertained 
the Archduke Philip of Austria, who, in a voyage from 
Flanders to Spain, had been driven into Weymouth by 
a violent hurricane. Sir Thomas acquainted the Court 



133 



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Directory of Peerage, 



BEL 



witn the presence of the illustrious visitor, but deputed 
the actual attendance upon him to Mr. Russell, who 
had lately returned from the Continent and was 
familiar with the German language. He was in 
consequence introduced (with the Archduke) to Henry 
VII., by Avhom he was taken into favour, and this 
continued under his three successors to the throne. 
Tne 5th Earl obtained the Dukedom and Marquessate, 
the and Duke before succession being given the Rowland 
Barony, that of Thornhaugh having been awarded to 
tne 4th son of the 2nd Ear!, whose own son succeeded as 
4th Earl. William, Lord Russell (courtesy-title ; he was 
Hon. Wm. Russell" until the death of his elder 
brother), the distinguished statesman who was beheaded 
U l I ? 8 3, on a charge of high treason, was znd s.on of the 
Earl who became 1st Duke. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Russell.) 

Sole issue of present {nth) D.: 

Marq. ok T.wistock, heir to Dukedom: Hastings 
William Sackville R., b. i883. (2nd heir, his 1st 
cous. once rem., Harold John Hastings R., son of 
9th Duke's bro. Lord Arthur, b. 1868.) 
Surviving issue ofgth D. (sists. of present) : 
(The late 10th Duke, b. 1852, d. 1893, childless.) 
Lady Ela Monica Sackville R., b. 1854. Res. , Chorley 
Wood House, Rickmansworth S.O., Herts. ; si 
Prince's Gt, S.W. 
Lady Ermyntrude Sackville, now Lady Erm. Malet, 
b. 1856, mar. 1885 Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Baldwin M., 
Bt., G.C.B., q.v. 
(Present Ddke, b. 1858.) 
Sist.-in-law of gfh D. (aunt of present; husb. 
granted rank of Duke's son) : 
(The late 9th Dure, b. 1819, d. 1C91.) 
Lady Arthur R. (Laura, dau. of Vieomte de Pey- 
ronnet), mar. 1865 the late Lord Arthur John 
Edward R. (d. 1892). Res., The Ridgeway, Shere, 
Guildford ; 2 Audley Hq., W. 
(The late 1st Bn. Ampthill, b. 1829, d. 1884.) 
Issue of6tk D. (gt. uncle of present) : 

(The late 7th Duke, b. 1788, d. 1861. Sole issue : 
The late Sth Duke, b. 1800, d. unmrrd. 1872.) 
(The late 1st Earl Russell, b. 1792, d. 1378.) 
Lord Alexander George R., G.C.B., b. 1821— see 
"Russell, Kt. (ij." 

BEDFORD, Duke's Widow. Adeline, Duchess 
of B., nee Lady Adeline Marie Somers-Cocks, dau. 
of 3rd Earl Somers, b. 1852, mar. 1876 10th D. of 
Bedford (d. 1893). Res., Chenies. Rickmansworth 
S.O., Herts. ; 26 Braton St., W. ' 

BEDFORD, Knight. Adm. Sir Frederick 
George Denham Bedford, G.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; 
K.C.B., 1894), Gov. of Western Australia ; served 
in Russian War and in operations on the Nile 
and the Gambia ; late Com.-in-Ch. on N. Amer. 
Station, was 2nd Nav. Lord of the Admiralty 
1895-9, prev. on the Cape and W. Coast, a Nav. 
A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 1888-91, ret. 1903: b. 
1838, mar. 1880 Ethel, dau. of E. R. Turner, Esq. 
Res., Govt. House, Perth, W. Australia. 

BEDFORD, Lt.-Col. Walter George 
Augustus, C.M.G. (1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., S. 
Africa 1899-1901 as Sec. to Princ. Med. Offr., 
prev. Dep. Assist. Dir. A.M.S. : b. 1858. 

BEDINGFELD (PASTON-), Baronet. Sir 
Henry Edward Paston-Bedingfeld, 8th Bt. (Eng. 
1661), late Maj. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.), 
served in S. Africa 1901-2 : son of 7th Bt., b. i860, 
sue. 1902, mar. 1904 Sibyl, dau. of the late Henry 
A. Lyne-Stephens, Esq. Ht-ir, his son (b. 1906; 
2nd heir, his bro. Richard Henry Claverina-, b. 
1862). Seat, Oxburgh Hall, Stoke Ferry S.O., 
Norfolk. 

BEDINGFELD (P ASTON-), Baronet's 
Widow. Dowager Lady P.-B. (Augusta, dau. of 
E. Clavering, Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Henry G. Pas- 
ton-Bedingfeld, 7th Bt. (d. 1902). Res., 45 Crom- 
well Rd., S.W. 



BEECH, Maj. John Robert, C.M.G. (1888), 
D.S.O. (1891), Scottish Horse Imper. Yeom., 
formerly Capt. 20th Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan 
1882-91, S. Africa 1900: b. i860. 

BEEK, James Scott, I.S.O. (1903), Auditor- 
Gen, of New Brunswick. Res., Fredericton. 

BEEVOR, Baronet. Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 
5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1784), M.D., F.R.C.P., Phys. to 
King's Coll. Hosp., and to City of Lond. Hosp. 
for Diseases of Chest, Repres. for Soc. of Apothecs. 
on Gen. Med. Counc. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 
1885, mar. 1894 Emily Georgina, dau. of Sir Wm. 
Foster, 2nd Bt. of Norwich. Heir, his son Thomas 
Lubbock (b. 1897; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ralph 
Jenny, b. 1859). Res., Croxley Grn., Rickmans- 
worth S.O., Herts. 

BEEVOR, Lt.-Col. Walter Calverley, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., late 1st Scots Gds. : 
Soudan 18S5, Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. 
Africa 1900 (a Princ. Med. Offr. 1901-2), now on 
Staff of Gov. of Bombay : b. 1858. Club, Guards'. 

BEGBIE, Maj.-Gen. Elphinstone Waters, 
C.B. (Mil. 1896), D.S.O. (1891), Abyss. 1867-8, 
Datila 1874-5, and Burma 1885-6, was D.A.G. 
Madras 1895-6, now on Supernum. List : b. 1842. 
Address, e/o London and County Bank, Brighton. 

BEGBIE, Maj. George Edward, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Highld. L.I. ; Crete 1897-8 and S. Africa 
1899-1900 : b. 1868. 

BEHRENS, Hon. Mrs. Clive, dau. of Bn. 
Rothschild. 

BELAM, Com. Henry, M.Y.O. (4th Class, 
1904), R.N. retd., now Marine Surveyor to Mersey 
Docks Bd. : b. 1S53. Sea. t 34 Bentley Rd., 
Liverpool. 

BELCHER, Capt. Harold Thomas, D.S.O. 
(iqoo-i), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1875. 

BELCHER, Maj. Robert, C.M.G. (1901), 
Canad. Rebellion 1S85 and S. Africa 1900-1, now 
an Insp. of N.W. Territs. Mtd. Police : b. 1849. 
Res., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 

BELFAST, Earl of (Irel. 1791), a title of the 
Donegall Marquessate borne by the heir when a 
son. Baron Chichester of Belfast (1625) is also a 
title of the Marquessate. 

BELFIELD, Col. Herbert Eversley, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1902), Ashanti 1895-6, 
S. Africa 1900-2, now comdg. 4th Brigade Alder- 
shot Comd. : b. 1857. Res., Aldershot. 

BELGRAYE, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1784), a title 
of the Westminster Dukedom, borne by the 
present Duke while a grandson. 

BELHAVEN, Master of, title of the son and 
heir of following. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron. Alex- 
ander Charles Hamilton, 10th Bn. (Scot.), 
a Scott. Repres. Peer (el. J 900), a D.L. for 
Lanarks., Col. R.E. retd., Hon. Col. 2nd Lanarks. 
Vol. Engrs. : comd. Surrey Vol. Inf. Brig. 1888- 
1902, served in Zulu War: son of the late Wm. 
Jno. Hamilton, Esq., M. P., F.R.S., and a collateral 
relation of the late 9th Bn. (they being both 
descended from a gt. uncle of the 2nd Bn., the 
succession passing to h eirs- general) 1; b. July 3, 
1840; sue. 1893 and established his claim 1894 
(C); mar. 1880 Georgina Katharine, dau. of the 
late Legh Richmond, Esq. Seat, Wishaw House, 
Wishaw, Lanarks. ; town res., 41 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

Ckeation. Bn. Belhaven and Stenton, Scot. 1647, 
renewed 1675.— The istBn. was so created for his devotion 
to Charles I. His father was a natural brother of the 
1st Earl of Arran (Scot.), and an additional connection , 
between this house and those of Abercorn and Hamilton 1 
existed on the mother's side, she being a descendant of 



BEL 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c, 



BEL 139 



j Sir Jno. Hamilton, 4th Ld. of Cadzow, whose grandson 
! was summoned to Parliament as Ld. Hamilton (see 
\ "Hamilton and B., D. of"). The U.K. title Bn. Hamil- 
I ton of Wishaw was in 1831 granted to the 8th B11 , who 
died childless in iS53. The course of succession has 
I repeatedly been the subject of dispute. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Hamilton.) 

', Sole issue of present (10th) Bn. : 

! Master of BelHaven, heir to Barony : Hon. Ralph 
Gerard Alexander H., Lieut. 3rd Hussars, b. 
1883, mar. 1904 Lady Grizel Winifred Louisa 
Cochrane, dau. of 12th E. of Lundonald. (2nd heir, 
his ist cousin Capt. Robert Edward Archibald H., 
b. 187 1.) 

— D au. -in-law : 

Lady Grizel W. Louisa H., see preceding. 

Issue ofgth Bn. (remote cousins of present) : 

Hon. Leonore Agnes "Watson Nisbet, now Hon. Mrs. 
" Borras Whiteside, b. 1878, mar. 1903 R. Borras IF., 

Esq. Res., 3 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 
Hon. May Clarke Mary Nisbet II., b. 1879. 
Hon. Clarice Jessie Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Napier, 

b. i88i,mar. 1899 the Master of Napier, see " N. and 

Ettrick." 
Hon. Muriel Louise H., b. 1884. 
Hon. WiDifred Maude H., b. 1886. 
Hon. Dorothy Henrietta H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Georgina Violet H., b. 1889. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron's Widow. 
I Georgina, Lady Belh. & S., dau. of Sir Jno. "Wat- 
son, 1st Bt. of Earnock, mar. 1877 gtli Bn. 
Belhaven and S. (d. 1893). Res., 8 Eglinton 
I Crese., Edinburgh. 

BELL, Baronet of Glasgoic. Sir J ames Bell, 
list Bt. {U.K. 1895), a ship-owner, a D.L. for 
j Glasgow (late Lord Provost), also a D.L. for 
j Lanarks. and late Hon. Col. 1st Lanarks. Rifle 
: Vols., is a memb. of Eoy. Patriotic Fund Corp.: 
son of Jno. Bell, Esq., of above city; b. 1850, 
mar. 1875 Helen, dau. of the late Wm, Find lay, 
Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1875 ; no 2nd heir) . 
I Res., Montgreenan, Kilmarnock. 

BELL, Baronet of Ot'e, -burn— see " Bell 
1 (Morrison-)." 

i BELL, Baronet of Rounton. Sir (Thomas) 
Hugh Bell, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1885), Lord Lieut, of 

; N. Rid., a D.L. for Co. Durham (High Sheriff 
1895) , an iron-master and coal-owner : son of 
1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1904, mar. 1876, 2nd wife, 

I Florence Eveleen Eleanore, dau. of the late Sir 
Jos. Olliffe, M.D. (1st wife d. 1871). Heir, his 
son Maurice Hugh Lowthian (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Hugh Lowthian, b. 1878). Seat, 

j Rounton Grange and Mt. Grace Priory, both nr. 

|| Northallerton, Yorks. ; town res., 95 Sloane St., 
S.W. 

I BELL, Knight (1). Sir John Charles Bell, 
Kt. Bach. (1902J, an Aid. and Lieut, of City of 
I London, was Sheriff 1901-2, Past-Master or upon 
i Court of three City Cos., Chmn. of Wenlock 
I Brewery Co., City Rd. : b. 1844, mar. i863 
I Caroline, dau. of Thos. Clare, Esq. Res., Frame- 
\ wood, Stoke Poges S.O., Bucks. ; 61 Portland 

BELL, Knight (2). Sir William James Bell, 
. Kt. Bach. (1892), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Vice- 
S Chmn. Ross and Cromarty C.C. 1891-2, is a D.L. 
1 for same Cos. and for Co. of London, a Co. Aid. for 

latter and a memb. Roy. Co. of Archers (Scot.) : 
i b. 1859, mar. 1882 Bertha Diana, dau. of the late 

G. Torr, Esq. Res., 211 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., 
1 S.W. 

BELL. Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Margaret 
! Miller, dau. of Wm. M'T. D'Orsey, Esq., M.D.), 
mar. 1861 Sir Josh. P. Bell, Pres. Leg. Counc. 
; Queensld. (d. 1881). Res., Jimbour, Dalby, Qnsld. 



BELL, Charles George Harland, C.M.G. 

(1902) , late Civil Commissr. and Res. Magistrate 
at Mafeking. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Charles (Wentworth), dau. 
of Bn. Biddulph. 

BELL, Capt. G. J., D.S.O. (1902), Victrn. 
Contgt. ; S. Africa 1902. 

BELL, Henry Hesketh Joudou, C.M.G. 

(1903) , Commissr. of Uganda Protect., late 
Administrator of Dominica, prev. Assist. Treas. 
at Gold Coast and M.E.C. Bahamas : b. 1864. 
Res.. Entebbe, Uganda. 

BELL, Capt. Henry Stanley, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
1st Nthumb. Vol. Artill. : S. Africa 19001 : b. 
1874. 

BELL, James, C.B. (Civ. 1889), D.Sc, Ph.D., 
F.R.S.,late Princ. of Somerset House Laboratory 
and Cons. Chemist to chief Pub.Depts. : b. 1825. 
Res., 52 Cromwell Rd., Hove, Brighton. 

BELL, Lt.-Col. John William, C.M.G. (1901), 
V.D., late comdg. Queenstn. Rif. Vols., is Master 
of Supr. Ct. Transvaal; S. Africa 1877-8 and 
1899-1901 : b. 1848. Res., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Matthew— see " Dyke, Hon. 
Marv." 

BELL, Robert, I.S.O. (1903), M.D., D.Sc, 
LL.D., F.R S., Dir. of Geolog. Survey of Canada, 
Prof, of Chemistry and Nat. Sci. in Queen's Univ. 
Kingston, author of numerous geolog. papers: 
b. 1841. Res., 136 Maclaren St., Ottawa. 

BELL, Valentine Graeme, C.M.G. (1903), 
P.C. (Jamaica), F.R.C.T., M.I.C.E., M.L.C., and 
Dir. of Public Works, Jamaica: b. 1839. Res., 
Kingston. 

BELL, Col. William (i),C.B.(Civ. 1889), retired 
from Army and now Sec. to Govt, of Guernsey 
(from 1862), late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1829. 
Res., Swissville, Guernsey. 

BELL, William (2), OLE. (1904), M.A., Dir. 
of Publ. Instr. and Under See. to Govt, in Educ. 
Dent. , Punj ab : b. 1S60. Res., Lahore. 

BELL (BEATSON-), Nicholas Dodd, CLE. 
(1905), Acting Dir. of Land Records and Agric, 
Bengal. 

BELL (LYNDEN-), Maj. Arthur Lynden 
(name doubled), C.M.G. (1905), E. Kent Regt. : 
Chitral Relief- 1895, late D.A.QM.G. of Gen. 
Staff of Army : b. 1867. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

BELL (MORRISON-) , Baronet. Sir Charles 
William Morrison-Bell, 1st Bt. of OLterbuin 
(U.K. 1905). Seat, High Grn. Manor, Belling- 
ham S.O., N'thumbd. ; town res., 13 Grosvenor 
Cresc, S.W. 

BELLAIRS, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir William 
Bellairs, K.C.M.G. (1882), C.B. (Mil. 1878), served 
through Crimean War, Kaffir and Zulu Wars, 
and has been Administr. of Natal and M.L.C. 
and Com. of Forces in Transvaal, ret. 1887 and is 
Col. Roy. Berks. Regt.: b. 1828, mar. 1867, 2nd 
wife, Blanche St. John, dau. of Eras. A. Mosch- 
zisker, Esq.. Ph.D. Res., Clevedon, Somerset. 

BELLAIRS, Hamosd d'Albini, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), Brit. Vice-Cons, at Biarritz. 

BELLAMY, Knight. Sir Joseph Arthur 
Bellamy, Kt. Bach. (1904). memb. of a steamship 
firm and holding office in Harbour Improvement 
and Gaslight Cos., a C.C. for Plymouth, was 
Mayor 1901 and 1902 ; b. 1845, mar. 1868 Susan 
Mill, dau. of Wm. S. Wills, Esq. Res., Yalta, 
Mannamead, Plymouth. 

BELLAMY, Capt. Robert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Roy. Suss. Regt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b, 1871. 

BELLEW, family name of following Barony. 

BELLEW (pron. Belyoo), Baron, Charles 



140 BEL 



Directory of Peerage, 



BEL 



Bertram Bellew, 3rd Bn. (IreL), an Ir. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1904) and a Bt., Lieut, of Co. Louth, 
formerly Capt. 6th Batt. Roy. Ir. Rifles (Louth 
Mil.) : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. April 19, 1855 ; sue. 
1895 (G.) ; mar. 1883 Mildred Mary Josephine, 
dau. of Sir Humphrey de Trafford, 2nd Bt. 
Seat, Baraieath Castle, Dunleer S.O., Co. Louth. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1688 ; Bn. Bellew, 1843.— The 
Rt. Hon. Sir Patrick Bellew, 7th Bt., Lieut, of Co. 
Louth, was the first to obtain this Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bellew.) 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Hon. George Leopold Bryan (assumed surname by 
licence 1881 in lieu of Bellew), heir pres. to Barony, 
Maj. late 10th Hussars, served in Nile Expedn. 
1884-5 and in S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1857. Res., with 
following. 

Hon. Richard Eustace B-, 2nd heir, b. 1858, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, Gwendoline Marie Josephine, dau. 
of Wm. R. J. F. Herbert, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Richd. 
B.). Res., Jenkmstown Pk., Kilkenny; 232 St. 
James's Ct., Buckm. Gt., S.W. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late and Baron, b. 1830, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Woolmore 
Smith, b. 1832, mar. 1865 the late Capt. J no. Wool- 
more S., but obtd. judic. sep. 1900. (he died 1903). 
Res., with following. 

Hon. Annabella Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Conyers 
Tower, b. 1833, mar. 1857 the late Lt.-Gen. Conyers 
T., C.B. (d. 1903). Res., Thornfield, Rugby. 

Hon. Fermina Maria Magdalena, now Hon. Mrs. 
Everard Stourton, h. 183?, mar. 1862 the late Capt. 
Hon. Everard S., son of 19th Bn. Stourton, q.v. 
under " Mowbray, Segrave," &c. 

BELLEW (GRATTAN-), Baronet. Sir Hknry 
Christopher Grattcn-Bellew, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1838), 
Capt. 5th Batt. Coimaught Bangers (Mil.), late 
Lieut. 5th Drgn. Cds., a L>.L. for Galway (High 
Sheriff 1884) : son of the late Thos. A. Grattan- 
Bellew and nephew of 2nd Bt. (Rev. Sir Christopher 
Bellew), b. i85o, sue. 1867, mar. 1885 the following. 
Heir, his son Charles Christopher (b. 1887; 2nd 
heir, next son, "William Arthur, b. 1893). Seat, 
Mt. Bellew, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway. 

BELLEW (GRATTAN-) , Lady Sophia Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of 7th E. of Granard (q.v.) and 
wife of the preceding. 

BELLINGHAM, Baronet. Sir (Alan) Henry 
Bdlingham, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1796 ; a prev. creation 
lasted 1620-50), M. A., barrister-at-law, a D.L. for 
Co. Louth, a Commissr. of Nat. Educn. for Ireld. 
and Senator of Roy. Univ., Private Chamberlain 
to present and preceding Popes, formerly an M.P. 
and Capt. 6th Batt Roy. Ir. Rifles (Louth 
Militia) : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1846, sue. 1889, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, the following (1st wife Avas Lady 
Constance Noel, dau. of 2nd E. of Gainsborough). 
Heir, his son Edward Henry Charles Patrick 
(b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, next son, Roger Charles Noel, 
b. 1884). Seat, Bellingham Castle, Castlebelling- 
ham S.O., Co. Louth. 

*** Theist Bt. was Secretary to Mr. Pitt and M.P. for 
Reigate ; hence we must account for the title being of 
Gt. Britain instead of Ireland. 

BELLINGHAM, Hon. Lady, dau. of 23rd Bnss. 
Grey de Ruthyn (q.v.) and wife of above Bt. 

BELMORE, Earl of. Somerset Richard 
Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl (Irel.), P.C. (Irel. 1867), 
G.C.M.G. (1890), M.A., M.R.I.A., a Repres. 
Peer of Ireland (el. 1857), Lieut, of Tyrone, 
formerly Under - See. for Home Dept., Gov. 
of N.S. Wales 1867-72, repeatedly an Acting Ld. 
Justice of Ireld., and has been Maj. of Loud. 
Irish Rifle Vols. : son of 3rd E. ; b. April 9, 1835 ; 
sue. 1845 (C.) ; mar. 1861 Anne Elizabeth Honoria, 



dau. of the late Capt. Jno. N. Gladstone, R.N, 
M.P. Seat, Castle Coole, Enniskillen. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Belniore, 1781 ; Vise. Belmore, 
1789 ; E. of Belmore, 1797 (the " of " is correct, omitted in 
some books). " Vise. Corry" is the courtesy-title of the 
eld. son.— Armar Lowry-Corry, M.P. for Co. Tyrone, was 
awarded the three titles in succession. His father, 
Galbraith Lowry, assumed the additional name Corry. 
Titled Relatives. 
(Loiory-Corry.) 
Issue of present (4th) E. : 
Lady Theresa L.-C, b. 1862. 

Lady Florence, now Lady F. Eden, b. 1864, mar. 1893 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Hy. E. Res., Bishopton Grange, 
Ripon. 

The late Lady Madeline L.-C, b i36s, d. 1898. 
Lady Mary L.-C, b. 1S67. 

Vise. Corry, heir to Earldom: Armar L.-C, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, a D.L. and C.C. for Fermanagh, 
High Sheriff 1895, and for Tyrone 1901, formerly 
Capt. Roy.Innisk. Fus. (Mil.): b. iSyo.Club, Carlton. 

Hon. Cecil L.-C, 2nd heir, b. 1873. Club, Fer- 
managh (Enniskillen). 

Hon. Ernest L.-C, b. 1S74. Res., Estancia Santa 
Teresa, Gualeguay, Entrc Rios, Argentina ; club 
Isthmian. 

Lady Winifred L.-C, b. 1876. 

Lady Edith L.-C, b. 1878. 

Lady Violet L.-C,b. 1881. 

Lady Margaret L.-C, b. 1883. 
. Lady Dorothy L.-C, b. 1885. 

Lady Kathleen L.-C, b. 1887. 
Surviving issue of 3rd E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

(Present Eael, b. 1835.) 

Adm. Hon. Armar L.-C (retired list), b. 1836, 

widower. Res., 15 Warwick Sep, S.W. 
Lady Louisa Ann, now Lady L. Magenis, b. 1837, mar. 
i860 the late Lt.-Col. Richd. Hy. M. (d. 1880). Res., 34 
1 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

Lady Florence Elizabeth, now Lady F. King-King, 
b. 1842, mar. 1876 Wm. Edwcl. K.-K, Esq. Res., 
Graftonburv, Hereford. 
Col. Hon. Henry William L.-C, M.A., a Co. Aid. for 
W. Suffolk and Chain, of (^.S., late comdg. Coldstrm. 
Gds., served in Suakin Expedn., ret. 1903, an M.P. 
1873-80 : b. 1S45, mar. 1876 Hon. Blanche Edith 
irood, dau. of 1st Vise. Halifax (lion. Mrs. Henry 
L.-C). Res., Edwardstone Hall, Boxford, Suffk., 
nr. Colchester. 
BELPER, Baron. Henry Strutt, 2nd Bn. 
(U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1895), LL.M., Hon. Col. 
(formerly comclg.) Sth. Notts. Imper. Yeom., and 
an A . D . C . f or Yeom . to H . M . , late Capt. Hon . Corps 
of Gentn. at Arms, is a D.L. for Notts, and Chmn. 
Notts. Q,.S. and C.C, an M.P. 1868-74 and 1880 : 
son of 1st Bn. ; b. May 20, 1840 ; sue. 1880 (L.U.) ; 
mar. 1874 Lady Margaret Coke, dau. of 2nd E. of 
I Leicester. Seat, Kingston Hall, Derby ; town res., 
I 31 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belper, U.K. 1856. — The Rt. Hon. 
I Edwd. Strutt, Lord Lieut, of Notts., who had married a 
daughter of the Bp. of Chichester, was the 1st Peer. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Strutt.) 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

The late Hon. William S., b. 1875, d. 1898. 
Hon. Norah S., b. 1876. -y 
Hon. Lilian, now Hon. Mrs. A'crnon Malcohnson, b. 
1877, mar. 1901 Vein. Austen M., Esq.. Res., 21 
Draycott PL, S.W. 
Hon. Hilda, now lion. Mrs. Chas. Allix.b. 1879. mar. 
1905 Charles P. -1., Esq. Res., Swatfham House, 
Cambridge. 

The deceased Hon. Reginald Edward S., b. 1881, d. 
1888. 

Hon. Algernon Henry S., heir to Barony, Lieut. 
2nd Life Gds. : b. 1883. (2nd heir, his 1st cousin 
Edward Lisle S., b. 1874, son of late lion. Arthur.) 
Hon. Margaret b. 1S86. 
Hod. Muriel S., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn, (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1840.) 

Hon. Frederick S., a C.C. for Dcrbysh., Mayor of 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BEIT 141 



BEL 



Derby 1903, formerly Lieut. S. Notts. Ycom. : b. 

1843. Res., Milford House, Derby. 
Hon. Sophia, now Hon. Lady Le Marchant, b. 1845, 

mar. 1869 (see " Le Marchant, Bt."). 
Hon. Caroline, now Hon. Lad)/ Digby, b. 1848, mar. 

1870 Sir Kenelm Edwd. D., K.C.B., q.v. 
Hon. Mary Emily, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Ilandford, 

b. 1853, mar. 1893, 2nd husb., Henrv H., Esq., 

M.D., F.R.C.P. ties., Hardwicke House, The Park, 

Nottingham. 

Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Murray Smith, b. i860 
mar. 1885 Geo. Murray 8., Esq. Res., Gumley Hall, 
Mkt. Harborough, Leic. 

I — Dau.-ln-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur S. (Alice Mary Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late Ambrose L. M. Phillipps-de-Lisle, Esq.), 
mar. 1873, wid. 1877. Res., Milford House, Bourne- 
mouth. 

BELSHAW, Edward, I.S.O. (1903), Ch. Clk. to 
Bd. of Education, S. Kensington : b. 1844. 

I BEMROSE, Knight. Sir Henry Howe Bern- 
rose, Kt. Bach. (1897), Chmn. of Bemrose and 

li Sons, printers &c, Derby, and a Dir. of Parr's 
Derby Bank, Linotype, and other cos., memb. 
of House of Laymen, an M.P. 1895-1900 (C), 
Mayor of Derby 1877, and formerly Capt. 1st 
Derbysli. Vols. : b. 1827, mar. 1855" Charlotte, 
dau. of Wm, Brindley, Esq. lies., Lonsdale Hill, 

• Derby. 

I BENARES, H. H. Maharaja Sir Prabiiu 
Narayan Singh, Bahadur, of (G.C.I.E. 1898 ; 
K.C.I.E. 1890), has conferred great benefits 
on Benares by gifts of money and land (titles 

i personal only, though the ' India List ' adopts his 

1 usual style of Maharaja of Benares) : b. 1855. 

files., Port Ramnajar, Benares ; Chakya, Mirzapur. 

I BENBOW, Knight. Sir Henry ^w^.K.C.B. 

I (Mil. 1902), D.S.O. (1891), served in Nile Expedn. 

1884- 5 ! l ?i te Ch. Insp. Machinery R.N., ret. 
1893 : b. 1838, mar. 1892 Elizabeth Jean, dau. of 

I the late Hy. Bird, Esq. Res., Dormans Pk., 
|j Surrey, nr. E. Grinstead. 

1 BENDIGO, 2nd Bishop of— not yet appd. 

Res., Eorest Hill, Bendigo, Victoria. 
BENEDERALOCH &c, Baron {Scot. 1677)— 

see "Breadalbane, M. of." 
BENEDICT, Knight's Widow (remrrd. and 

known as Mrs. Frank Lawson : Mary Comber, 

dau. of the late Hy. Fortey, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1879, 
I as 2nd wife, Sir Julius Benedict, mus. composer 

(d. 1885) ; 2ndly, 1886, Frank Lawson, Esq. Res., 

104A Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 
i BENGOUGH, Maj .-Gen. Harcourt Mortimer, 

C.B. (Mil. 1886), Crimea, Zululd., and Burma 

1885- 6 ; has comd. a 2nd class Dist. of Madras, 
troops in Jamaica, and a Brigade at Aldersliot ; 
ret. 1898 : b. 1837. Res., The Beech House, 

\ Whitwell, Welwvn, Herts. 

BENJAMIN, 'Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
I (Fanny, dau. of Abraham Cohen, Esq., of Syd- 
!| ney), mar. 1857 Sir Benjamin Benjamin, Kt. 
j Bach., formerly M.L.C. of Victoria and Mayor 
of Melbourne (d. 1905). Res., Canally, George 
I St., East Melbourne. 

j BENN, Knight. Sir John Williams Benn, 
j Kt. Bach. (1906), M.P. for Devonport (L.) and 
if L.C.C. 

I BENN, Maj. Robert Arthur Edward, CLE. 
! (1904), LA., late Vice-Cons, for Seistan and Kain 
(Persia), now a 3rd class Polit. Assist, in India : 
I b. 1867. 

i BENNET, family name of Tankerville 
j Earldom, q.v. for Lady Corisande and Hon. 

George. Lord Bennet, occasional courtesy-title of 
I; eld. son. 



BENNETT, Knight. Sir William Henry 
Bennett, K.C.V.O. (1901), F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., and 
Fell, of Roy. Med. and Cbirurg. Socs., has been 
Exam, in Surg, at Camb. Univ. &c, is a Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., Sen. Surg, to St. George's 
Hospital, H.M.'sInsp. of Anatomy for the Metro- 
polis, and an author of numerous med. works : b. 
1852, mar. 1882 Isabel Lloyd, dau. of Thos. Dickin- 
son, Esq. Res., 1 Chestevfield St., Mayfair, W. 

BENNETT, Lt.-Col. Alfred Charles, D.S.O. 
(1902), late W. Yorks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-2. Res., The Cleevelands, Bp.'s Cleeve, 
Cheltenham. 

BENNETT, Maj. Alfred Joshua, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S. W. Mtd. Inf. ; Soudan 1885, S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1865. Res., Brucedale Pk., Wagga 
Wagga, N.S.W. 

BENNETT, Maj. Charles Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 
1867. 

BENNETT, Courtenay Walter, CLE. (1900), 
F.R.C.I., British Cons. -Gen. at San Francisco, 
late Cons, at Bilbao, prev. at Panama, Guate- 
mala, Rio Grande do Sul, and Reunion : b. 1855. 
Res., Brit. Consulate-Gen., San Francisco. 

BENNETT, George Wheatley, I.S.O. (1903), 
late Acct. and Controller-Gen. Customs Dept. (ret. 
1906) : b. 1845. l? es -> Edendale, Queen Anne 
Avenue, Bromley, Kent. 

BENNETT, Engr. - Capt. James Martin 
Cameron, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N., Perak 
1875-6. 

BENNETT, Thomas Jewell, CLE. (1903), 
chief proprietor of the Times of India. Res., 
Bombay, and Bryn Cregin, Deganwy, Llandudno. 

BENNETT, Col. William, D.S.O. (1886), 
late Yorks. Regt. ; Hazara 1868 and Nile Expedns. 
1884-6. ret. 1890 : b. 1835. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Holt and Co., 3 Whitehall PL, S.W. 

BENSON, Knight. Sir Ralph Sillery Benson, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), Puisne Judge of High Ct. of 
Madras. 

BENSON, Capt. Charles Bingley, D.S.O. 
(1902), Roy. Warwicksh. Regt. ; S.Africa igoi-2 : 
b. 1876. Address, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., Charing 
Cross, S.W. 

BENSON, Maj. -Gen. Frederick Willt am, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), late 17th Lancers; Fenian Raid in 
Canada, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Dir. of Trans- 
ports and Remounts : b. 1849. Club, Army and 
Navy. 

BENSON, Maj. Henry Wighthan, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late E. Surrey Regt. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1855. 

BENTLNCK, Count. The Most Iilustr. William 
Charles Philip Otho Bentinck, 7th Ct. (Graf— 
.Holy Rom. Emp., i.e., Austro-Germany, 1732), 
also Ct. of Waldeck - Limpurg and Ct. of 
Aldenburg, Hered. Memb. of Upper H. of Parlt. 
Wurtemberg, formerly in Engl. Diplom. Serv. : 
bro. of 6th Ct., b. 1848, sue. 1874 as Ct. von B. 
and Aldenburg, and became Ct. of Waideck-L. 
by contract with his mother in 1888 ; mar. 1877 
Freiherrin Marie Cornelia von Heeckeren-Was- 
senaer (Ctss. or Griifin B.). Res., Gaildorf, 
Wurtemberg ; Weldam, Goor, Overyssel, Hol- 
land ; Middachten, Amhem, Gelderland, do. ; 
13 Voorhout, The Hague. 

*** This house has been reckoned among the Gelderland 
nobility from 1377. All descendants of the 5th Count are 
authorised to prefix " Count " or " Countess " to their 
Christian names for use in this country, but the 
daughters lose the title upon marriage. We have thus 
the following list : 



142 BEN 



Directory of Peerage ) 



BEH 



Counts and Couutesbes, 
{Bentinck.) 
Issue of present ("jth) Ct. : 

Ctss. Mechtild Corisande Reiiifa Mai'y, lioW Cess. 

Casiell, b. 1877, mar. 1905 Casirnir, Hered. Ct. C. 
Ct. William Frederick Charles Henry B., heir to 

title, Lieut, in Prussian Gardes du Corps, b. *83o. 
Ct. Fredk. Geo. Unico Wm. B., 2nd heir, b. 18S8. 
Ctss. Isabella Antoinette Mary Clementina B., 
b. 1889. 

Issue of$th Ct. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Count Bentinck, b. 1848.) 
Ct. Chas. 1'eginald Adelbert B., Capt. in Prussian 

Army, b. 1833, mar., but mrrge. dissolved: issue— 

Ctss. Mary Amelia Mechtild Agnes, b. 1879. Res., 

Zuylestein, Utrecht, Holland. 
Ct. Godard John Geo. Chas. B., b. 1857, mar. 1884 

Ctss. Augustine W. Louise A. de Bylandt: issue— 

Ct. Chas. Arthur llenaud Wm. Godard Aug. B., 

b. 1885; Ct. Godard Adrian Hy. Jules, b. 1887; 

Ctss. Eliz. Mechtild Marie Sophie Louise, b. 1892 ; 

Ct. J no. Victor liichd. Rodolphe, b. 1395; Ct. 

William Henry Ferdinand Godard, b. igoo. Res., 

Amerongen Castle, Prov. Utrecht. 
Ctss. Victoria Mary Frederica Mechtild B., b. 1863. 

Res., with Ct. Charles. 

— D au. -in-law : 

Ctss. Aldenburg B. (Henrietta Eliza Cathcart, dau. 
of the late llcbt. M'Kerrell, Esq.), mar. 1874 the 
late Ct. Hy. C. A. F. W. Aldenburg B. (prev. 6th 
Ct. Bentinck, but on mrrge. resigned title to his 
bro. ; b. 1846, d. 1903); issue— Ct. Robt. Chas., 
b. 1875 ; Renira Christine (late Ctss.), b. 1877, mar. 
1898 Bn. Alex, de Heeckeren de Kell ; Ct. Chas. 
Henry, Attache in Brit. Emb. Berlin, b. 1879 ; Ct. 
Henry Duncan, Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., b. 1881 ; 
Ctss. Ursula Victoria Henrietta, b. 1884 ; Ct. Arthur 
Wm. Douglas, and Ctss. Naomi Mechtild Henrietta, 
b. 1887 (twins). Res., 53 Green St., Park Ln., W, 

BENTINCK, Maj. Walter Guy, D.S.O. (1902), 
late llifle Brigade; S. Africa 1899-1902, now a 
Magist. there : b. 1864. Res., The Residency, 
W akkerstroom, Transvaal ; Laracbmore, Stra- 
chan, Banchory S.O., Kineards. 

BENTINCK (CAVENDISH-), or BENTINCK 
only, family name of Portland Dukedom, q.v. 
for " Lords " and " Ladies," see also index under 
" Cavendish." 

BENTON, John, CLE. (1902), Ch. Engr. and 
Sec. to Punjab Pub. Works Dept. (Irrig. Branch), 
late Supt. Engr. at Mandalay: b. 1850. lies., 
Lahore. 

BENUARRAT, Baron of. Giuseppe Attard- 
Montalto, 7th Bn. (Malta 1737), Treas. of Cmttee. 
of Privileges, Malta, and mernb. of Soc. of St. 
Vincent de Paul : b. 1870, sue. 1892 (related col- 
laterally to predecessor). Heir pres., his bro. 
Paolino, dei Baroni Attard-Montalto. (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, latter s son Angiolino, dei Baroni A.-M., b. 
1898). Res., Marsa Scala Bay, Malta; 11 Strada 
Britannica, Valetta. 

BEN U ABB AT, Baron's Widow. Bnss. B. 
(Angiolina, dau. of Antonio Manduca, dei Conti 
di Mont' Alto), mar. 1869 6th Bn. of Benuarrat 
(d. 1892). Res., with present Bn., also at Zeitun, 
Malta. 

BERESFORD, family name of Waterford 
Marquessate, which see for all issue styled 
"Lord" or ".Lady," but the Decif.s Barony 
(Horslcy-Beresford), and below, for " Hons." 

BERESFORD, Baron {Ircl. 1720)— see " Water- 
ford, M. of." 

BERESEORD, Knight and Peer's Son. 
Adm. Lord Charles William de la Poer Beres- 
ford, G.C.V.O. (1906), K.C.B. (Mil. 1903), re- 
peatedly an M.P. (C), and was Nav. A.D.C. to 
late Queen and Jun. Lord of Admiralty, served 



at Alexandria (where he was appd. Gov.) and in 
Nile Expedn., accompd. H.R.H. Prince of Wales 
(now H.M. the King) to India 1875-6, now Com. 
of Channel Fleet : son of 4th M. of Waterford 
and uncle of present Peer; b. 1846, mar. 1878 
Mina, dau. of the late Richd. Gardner, Esq., 
M.P. (Lady Charles B.). Res., Coombe Cottage, 
Kingston Hill, Surrey. 

BERESFORD, Hon. Mrs. John (George), dau. 
of 1st Bn. Denman. 

BERESFORD, John Stuart, CLE. (1900), 
M.I.C.E., late Ch. Engr. and Joint Sec. Works 
(Irrig.) Dept. of India, in I.C.S. 1867-1900: b. 
1845. Res., 2 Carlton Gdns., Ealing, W. 

BERESFORD, Marcus Henry de la Poer, 
I.S.O (1904), Sec. to Administration, Nthn. 
Mgeria: b. 1854 (descendt. of 1st E. of Tyrone). 
Res., Zungeru, N. JNigeria. 

BERESFORD (HORSLEY-) , family name of 
Deoies Barony (see * i Beresford " above). 

BERESFORD (MASSY-), Hon. Mrs. John, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Dunleath. 

BERGAVENNY, Baron (Eng. 1392, con- 
firmed 1450)— see " Abergavenny, M. of." 

BERGNE, Knight. Sir (John) Henry Gibbs 
Bergne, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), K.CM.G. (1888), has 
been chief of two Depts. in For. Off. and taken 
part in various Conferences, &c, having been 
located at Halifax (N.S.), Berne, Rome, Madrid, 
Brussels, Paris, and Washington, ret. 1902 : b. 
1842, mar. 1878 a relative, Mary a' Court, dau. of 
the late Rev. S. B. Bergne. Res., 13 Pembroke 
Ed., Kens., W. 

BERKELEY (pron. Barkly), family name of 
Berkeley Earldom and of Fitzhardinge Barony 
(no issue of the name to either ; see below). 

BERKELEY, Baroness. Eva Mary Fitz- 
hardinge Foley, Bnss. 16th in line (21st of orig. 
creation ; Eng.) : dau. of prev. Bnss. and of Maj.- 
Gen. Gustavus H. L. Miiman, B.A. ; b. March 4, 
1875 ; sue. 1899 ; mar. 1903 Capt. Frank Wigram 
Foley, D.S.O., q.v. 

Creation. Bn. Berkeley, Eng. 14*1 (orig. 1295).— The 
6th feudal Lord of Berkeley had accompanied Edward I. 
in his Welsh wars, and was the isb Bn. B. by writ under 
the summons of 1295. His successors each received 
the same summons till the death of the 5th Bn. in 
1417. This nobleman left an only child, a daughter, 
Elizabeth, to whom by right the title should have 
descended. The writ, however, was issued in 1421 to Jas 
de Berkeley, nephew of the late Peer, and this Sir H. 
Nicolas regards as a new creation and "the beginning of 
the present Barony of Berkeley." As to the title dejure, 
it passed from the above Elizabeth to her three daughters, 
involving an abeyance which has never been terminated. 
The 5th Bn. was knighted on Plodden Field by the 
Earl of Surrey. The 9th Bn. was created an Earl, but 
the succession to that title was not open to females 
as in the case of the Barony, so that on the death of 
the 6th Earl without issue in 1S82, the two Peerages 
.became separated as at present. The Bnss. 15th in line 
{n.'e Berkeley) changed the family name by her marriage 
with Maj.-Gen. Gustavus Mflman, and her daughter the 
present Peeress has again (1903) introduced a change by 
her union with Capt. Eoley. 

Issue. 

Dau. of present Bnss. : 

Hon. Mary Lalle Foley, heiress pres. to Bny., b. 1905. 
(Co-heirs ranking 2nd, numerous descendants of 
the 2nd and 3rd daus. of 5th Earl.) 

1 BERKELEY, Earl of. Randal Mowbray 
Thomas Berkeley, 8th Earl (Eng.), formerly Lieut. 
R.N. : son of 7th E. ; b. Jan. 31, 1865; sue. 
1888, claim estabd. 1891 (L. U.); mar. 1887 the late 
Kate (d. 1898), widow of Arth. Jackson, Esq., 
and dau. of Wm. Brand, Esq. Heir, none. 
Res., Foxcombe, Boar's Hill, Berks., nr. Oxford. 



BER 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BER 143 



CheaWoxs. E. of Berkeley and Vise Dlirsley, Eng. 

1679 The 7th Earl, who succeeded dejure on the death 

in 188a of the 6th Earl and 14th Bh. (see preceding art.), 
never took steps to establish his claim, which task had 
therefore to be undertaken, after hie death iia i883, by 
his successor, the present Earl. 

BERKELEY, Earl' 3 Widow. (Dowager) 
Countess of B. (Cecile. dau. of the late Edward 
Drummond, Esq., in France Vicomte de Melfort), 
mar. 1S60 (after divorce from 1st husb.) 7th E. of 
Berkeley (d. 1888). 

BERKELEY, Knight. Sir Henry Spencer 
Berkeley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of Eiji, 
now Attorn. -Gen. of Hong Kong ; prev. Solic.-Gen. 
&c. 0? Leeward Is. and has been Acting Gov. of 
Fiji and High Commissi', for W Pacific : b. 1851, 
mar. 1878 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Fredk. 
S. Cassin, Esq., of Antigua. Res., The Park, 
Hong Kong. 

BERKELEY, Capt. Christopher Robert, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Welsh Regt. ; S. Africa 1900: b. 
■ 1877 (descended from 6th Bn. Berkeley) . 

BERKELEY, Ernest James Lennox, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), Cons. -Gen. at Tunis, late Commissr. 
and Cons.-Gen. for Uganda Protect., admind. 
Brit. E. Afr. Co.'s Territs. 1891-2 ; formerly in 
Army: b. 1857. Res., Brit. Cons.-Gen., Tunis. 

BERKELEY, Essex Digby, I.S.O. (1902), Clk. 
of Accts. in Scott. Pay Dept. : b. 1843. l? es -> De 
Kocq, Victoria Rd., Upp. Norwood, S.E. 

BERKELEY, Maj .-Gen. James Cavan, CLE. 
(1888), LA. Supermini. List; formerly Res. in 
Kashmir, Nepal, &c. : b. 1839. Res., Rahere, 
bThe Avenue, Branksome Pk., Bournemouth. 

BERKELEY, Lady (Mary) Catherine, dau. 
Ibf 3rd E. of Kenmare. 

I BERKSHIRE— see 4 ' Suffolk and Berks. ' ' 

j BERNAL, Frederic, C.M.G. (1891), formerly 

Oons. at Madrid, Carthagena (Colombia, S.A.). 

md Baltimore, and Cons.-Gen. at Havre : b. 1828. 

Res., 94 Cheriton Rd., Folkestone. 
BERNAL, Capt. Greville Hugh Woodley, 

D.S.O. (1900-1), lateDerb. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 

1899-1900. 

1 BERNARD, family name of Bandon Earldom, 
I j.v. for " Ladies." 

i BERNARD, Knight's "Widow. Lady B. 

Susan Capel, dau. of Rev. R. Tawney), mar. 
1862 SirChas. Edwd. Bernard, K.C.S.I., formerly 
3ec. to Ind. Govt, in three Depts. (d. 1901). 
; Res., Camberiey, Surrey. 

BERNARD, Viscount (Irel. 1800) , a title of the 
Bandon Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 
I BERNARD, Lt.-Col. Edgar Edwin, C.M.G. 

1906), A.S.C., Financ. Adviser to Soudan Govt. ; 
^ ishanti 1895-6, Nile 1898: b. 1866. 

BERN AYS, Lewis Adolphus, C.M.G. (1892), 
BF.L.S., Clerk to Legisl. Assemb. Queensland, 
j belongs to numerous scient. socs. : b. 1831. Ad- 

Iress, Houses of Parliamt., Brisbane. 
' BERNERS, Baroness. Emma Harriet 
[Tyrwhitt (pron. Tirrit), Bnss. 7th in line (Eng.) : 

lau. of the late Rev. the Hon. Robt. Wilson, bro. 

>f 6th Bn. ; b. Nov. 18, 1835 ; sue. 1871 ; mar. 
I 853 the late Sir Hy. Thos. Tyrwhitt, 3rd Bt. 

d. 1894). Seat, Ashwelithorpe, Norwich, 
j: Creation. Bn. Berners, Eng. 1453 (abeyant 1532-17201 

nd 1743-1832).— The 1st Baron was Sir Jno. Bourchier, 

LG., 4th son of AVin. Comte d'Eu in Normandy. Owing 

female descent, the surname changed to Knyvetand 

hen to Wilson. 

Issue. 
{Tyrwhitt.) 

The late Hon. Harry Tyrwhitt Wilson, b. 1854, d. 
1891. 



Hon. Sir Raymond Robert Tyrwhitt- Wilson, heir 
to Barony, 4th Bti (q.v. under " Wilson"), b. 1855. 

Commod. Hon. Hugh T., and heir, C.V.O. (1906), C.S.I, 
(same year), R.N., late Priv. Sec. to First Lord of 
Admiralty, commanded H.M.S. ' Renown ' for 
Indian tour of H.R.H. Prince, of Wales: b. 1856, 
mar. 18.12 Julia Mary, dau. of Wm. 0. Foster, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Hugh T.). Res., a8 Egerton Gdns., 
Brompton Rd., S,W. 

Hon. Clement T., b. 1857, mar. 1884 Annette, dau. 
of W. Webb, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Clement T.). 

Hon. Rupert T., Maj. R.A., b. 1859, mar. 1900 Louise 
Isabel Frances, dau. of Walter F. W. Wells, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Rupert T.). 

Hon. Ardyn Mary, now The Lady KnoUys, b. 1860, 
mar. 18S7 Sir Fras. K., K.C.M.G., now 1st Bn. K., 
q.v. 

Hon. Philip Bourchier T., late Sub-Lieut. R.N., b. 
1861. 

• Rev. the Hon. Leonard Francis T., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), M.A., a Chapl. in Ord. to H.M., 
b. 1863. lies., Fenton Vicarage, Stoke-upon -Trent. 

The late Hon. Thomas Knyvet T., b. 1864, d. 1886. 

Hon. Sibyl Grace, now Hon. Mrs. James Wheeler, 
b. 1866, mar. 1895 Jas. Volant W., Esq. Res., 
Bitteiiey Ct., Ludlow, Salop. 

Hon. Hester Efa T., b. i85g. 

Hon. John T., b. 1876. 

BERNEY, Baronet. Sir Henry Hansox 
Berney, 9th Bt. (Eng. 1620), LL.B., son of 8th Bt., 
b. 1843, sue. 1870, mar. 1866 Jane Dorothy, dau. 
of the late Rev. Andrew Bloxam. Heir, Ms grand- 
son Thomas Reediiak (b. 1893 ! 2n( l ne i r > latter' s 
bro. Richard Geoffrey Gordon, b. 1897). Res., 
Burncrook, Moffat, Dumfriessh. 

BERRANGE (Berrange), Maj. Christian 
Anthony Lawson, C.M.G. (1902), S. Africa in 
Cape Police 1902. Res., Kimberley. 

BERRIED ALE, Baron {Seat. 1543, orig. 1455), 
a title of the Caithness Earldom, borne (as 
f ' Lord ") by the heir when a son. 

BERRY, Knight. Hon. Sir William Bisset 
Berry, Kt. Bach. (1900), M.A., M.D., Speaker of 
H. of Assembly, Cape Colony : b. 1839, widower. 
Res., Queenstown, Cape Col. 

BERRY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Madge, 
dau. of Jno. B. Evans, Esq.), mar. 1869, as 2nd 
wife, Hon. Sir Graham Berry, K. C.M.G., Premier 
of Victoria (d. 1904). Res., Melbourne. 

BERRY, HtfNRY FitzPatrick, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., M.R.I.A., F.S.A. (Ireld.), Assist. Keeper 
Irish Record Office : b. 1847. Res., 51 Waterloo 
Rd., Dublin. 

BERTIE (pron. Barty), family name of the 
two Earldoms, Abingdon and Lindsey. See the 
former for all issue of the name except Lady 
Muriel. Towneley-Bertie is the surname of Lord 
Norreys and his issue (see under "Abingdon "). 

BERTIE, Lord, courtesy-title of the heir of E. 
of Lindsey when a son (not a title of the Earldom, 
but the f am. name utilised in default of a 2nd title) . 

BERTIE, Priv. Counc, Knight, and Peer's 
Son. Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) Sir Francis Leveson 
Bertie, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1903), G.C.M.G. (1904), 
G.C.V.O. (1903), K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Ambass. at 
Paris (from Jan. 1905), prev. at Rome, late Assist. 
Under Sec. for For. Affairs, has served on two 
important Missions, including that of Lords 
Beaconsfield and Salisbury to Berlin : son of 6th 
E. of Abingdon and bro. of present Peer ; b. 1844, 
mar. 1874 Lady Feodorowna Cecilia Wellesley, 
dau. of 1st Earl Cowley. Res., Brit. Embassy, 
Paris. 

BERTRAM, Knight. Sir George Clement Ber- 
tram, Kt. Bach. (1885), M.A., late Bailiff of Jersey 
(1884-98), prev. Attorn.-Gen. &c. : b. 1841, mar. 
1866 Anna Maria, dau. of Gen. Edwd. J. Lawder, 
M.3.C. 



144 



BEE, 



Directory of Peerage, 



BEV 



BERTRAM, Louis John, C.M.G. (1904), 
Auditor-Gen. of Jamaica and an M.L.C., prey, 
in Gold Coast and Windward Is. Res., Kingston. 

BERWICK, Baron. Thomas Henry Noel- 
17 ill, 8th Bn. (Gt. Sr.), B.A., Lieut. Shropsh. 
Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Attache to Brit. Emb. at 
Paris : nephew of 7th Bn. and son of the late 
Rev. the Hon. Thos. Noel Noel-Hill ; b. June 2, 
1877 ; sue. 1897 (C); unmrrd. Seat, Attinghani 
Hall, Shrewsbury; offic. res,, Brit. Emb., Paris; 
town house, 8 Clarges St., Piccadilly-, W. 

Creation. Bn. Berwick, Gt. Br. 1784.— Noel Hill, the 
1st Bn., had represented Shropshire in three Parlia- 
ments. The name Noel was first adopted as a surname 
by the 4th Peer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
(Noel-Hill) . 

Sist. of present (8th) Bn. (granted rank of a Bn.'s 
dau. 1901) : 

Hon. Mary Selina N.-TI., b. 1875. Res., with Baron. 
(Present Baron, b. 1877.) 
Heir pres. to Barony (a 1st cous. once rem., grand- 
son of 4th Bn.) : 
Rev. Charles N.-TI., M. A., b. 1848, mar. 1891 
Edith Mary, dau. of the late Rev. Eiou G. Benson. 
Res., Stockton Rectory. Shifml, Salop. (2nd heir, 
his son Charles Michael Wentworth, b. 18Q7.) 

BERWICK, Baron's Widow. The Lady B. 
(Ellen, dau. of Herr Bruckspatron Nystrom, of 
Sweden), mar. 1869 7th Bn. Berwick (d. 1897). 
Res., 2 Cadogan Ct. Gdns., S.W. 

BESSBO ROUGH, Earl of. Edward 
William Brabazon Ponsonbi/ (pron. Pun'sonby), 
8th Earl (Irel.), sits as Bn. Ponsonby (Gt. Br.); 
C.V.O. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1895), a D.L. and late 
C.C. for Kilkenny, Lieut. R.N. retired, barrister - 
at-law, was See. to Speaker (Peel) of H. of 
Commons, High Sheriff of Carlow 1898: son of 
7th E. ; b. March 1, 1851 ; sue. 1906 (L. (J.) ; mar. 
1875 Blanche Vere Guest, dau. of the late Sir J. 
J. Guest, Bt., and sist. of 1st Bn. Wimborne. 
Seats, Bessborough, Piltown S.O., Co. Kilkenny; 
Garryhill, Bagenalstown, Co. Carlow; town res., 
17 Cavendish Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Bessborough, 1721 ; Vise. Dun- 
cannon, 1723; E. of Bessborough, 1739. Gt. Br.: Bn. 
Ponsonby (of Sysouby), 1749. U.K. : Bn. Duncannon, 
1834.— This Peerage commenced with VVm. Ponsonby, 
M.P. for Co. Kilkenny and a P.C., who received the 
Irish Barony and Viscty., his son becoming an Earl and 
an Imperial Bn. The U. K. Barony was added to the 4th 
Earl, who was afterwards Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Ponsonby.) 
Issue of present (StJi) E.: 

Lady Olwen Verena, now The Lady Oranmore and 

Browne, b. 1876, mar. 1901 3rd Bn. O. & B.. q.v. 
Lady Helena Blanche Irene, now Lady Irene Con- 

greve, b. 1878, mar. 1904 John C, Esq. 'Res., Mount 

Congreve, Waterford, 
Vise. Duncannon, heir to Earldom: Vere Brabazon 

P.,B.A., barristcr at-law, 2nd Lieut. Bucks. Imper. 

Yeom. : b. 1880. 
Hon. Cyril Myles Brabazon P., 2nd heir, M.V.O. 

(5th Class, 1901), Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in S. 

Africa 1900-2, late A.D.C. to Gov. of Ceylon : 

b. 1881. 

Hon. Bertie Brabazon P., b. 1885. 
Lady Gweneth Frida P., b. i388. 

Issue of 7th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1831.) 
Lady Maria P. (" May "), b. 1852. 
Hon. Cyril Walter P., Lieut, of City of London : b. 

1853, mar. 1893 Emily H. Eyre, dau. of the late 

Rev. H. Addington (Hon. Mrs. Cyril P.). Res., 

55 Wilbury Rd., Hove, Brighton. 
Hon. Granville P., Chief of Police, Sfc. Lucia, W. I.: 

b. 1854, mar. 1879 Mabel, dau. of the late Hon. 



Chas. Jackson, of Jamaica (Hon. Mrs. Granville 

P.). Re*., Choc, Castries, St. Lucia. 
Hon. Arthur Cornwallis P., b. 1856. 
Lady Ethel Jemima, now The Lady Raglan, b. 1857, 

mar. 1883 3rd Bn. R., q.v. 
Hon. Walter Gerald P., barrister-at-law, b. 1859. 
Lady Sara Kathleen, now Lady Kathleen Skinner, 

b. 1861, mar. 1883 Chas. L. Andrewes 8., Esq. 

Res., 57 Eccleston Sq., S. W. 

Surviving issue of $th E. (uncles of present) : 

(The late 5th Earl, b. 1809, d. childless 1880.) 

(The late 6th Earl, b. 1815, d. unmrrd. 1895.) 

(The late 7th Earl, b. 1821, d. 1906.) 

Rt. Hon. Sir Spencer Cecil Brabazon Ponsonby-Fane 
G.C.B., b. 1824, see art. under "Pane." 

Hon. Gerald Henry Brabazon P., formerly Priv. Sec. 
to E. of Clarendon and Vise. Palmerston, attached 
to Earl Granville's Mission to Russia 1856 : b. 1829, 
mar. 1858 Lady Maria Emma Catherine Coventry, 
sist. of 9th E. of Coventry (raised to rank of an 
Earl's dau.). Res., 3 Stratford PL, Oxford St., W. 
— Dau. -in-law: 

Lady Maria E. Cath. P., see preceding. 

BESSBOROUGH, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess op B., ne'e Lady Louisa Susan Corn- 
wallis Eliot, dau. of 3rd E. of St. Germans, mar. 
1850 7th E. of Bessborough (d. igo5). Res., 38 
Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

BEST, family name of Wynford Barony, q.v. 
for "Hons." 

BETHELL, family name of Westbtjry Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons." 

BETHELL, Knight. Sir John Henry Bethell, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), M.P. for Romford Div. (L.). 

BETHELL, Col. Edward Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., retd. (190&) ; Afghn. 1878-80, S. 
Africa 1899-1902 as A.A.G., late Ch. Engr. 
Southern Comd. : b. 1854. Res., Fulford, York. 

BETHUNE (pron. Beetnn), family name of 
Lindsay Earldom, q.v. for Hon. Archibald. 

BETHUNE, Col. Edward Cecil, C.B. 
(Mil. 1905), late 16th Lancers; Afghn. 1878-80, 
Transvaal 1881, and S. Africa, was D.A.A.G. 
Bombay 1898, now on Gen. Staff Southern Comd. : 
b. 1855. Res., Tidworth House, Andover, Hants. 

BE VAN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Louise, 
dau. of the late Niven Kerr, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir 
Alfd. H. Bevan, late Sheriff of Lond. and Middx. 
(d. 1900). Res., 39 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

BE VAN, Hon. Mrs. David, dau. of 1st Vise. 
Hampden. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edmund, dau. of 5th Bn. 
Grantley. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edwyn, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

Radstoek. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Molesworth. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. (James), dau. of 3rd Vise. 
Sid mouth. 

BEVAN, Lady Mary Wilfreda (Johnstone), 
dau. of 9th Earl Waidegrave. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Yorke, dau. of 10th Bn. 
Kinnaird. 

BEVERIDGE, Maj. Wilfred William 
Ogilvy, D.S.O. (1902), R.A.M.C. ; S. Africa 1902 : 
b. 1864. Res., 3 Wilbraham Mansns., Chelsea, 
S.W. 

BEVERLEY, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Robert 
Jarratt Crosthwaite, D.D., Bp. Suff. in York 
Dioc, Archdn. of York, and Rect. of Bolton 
Percy, formerly Vic. of St. Lawrence's, York: 
b. 1837, cons. 1889, mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Res., The 
Rectory, Bolton Percy S.O., Yorks. 

BEVERLEY, Earl of. (Gt. Br. 1790)— see 
" Northumberland, D. of." 

BEVILLE, Gen. George Francis, C.B. (Mil. 
1 8g3), LA. Supernum. List ; Mutiny 1857-9, 



BEW Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. BIG- 145 



Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1880-1, eomd. a 2nd 
class Dist. of Bombay 1889-94: b. 1837. lies., 
4i Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BEWLE Y, Knight. Sir Edmund Thomas Bew- 
ley, Kt. Bach. (1898), M.A., LL.D., late Judge of 
Supr. Ct. of Ireld. and Judic. Commissr. Ir. Land 
Commssn., appd. Q.C. 1882, formerly Reg. Prof, 
of Feudal and Eng. Law in Dubl. Univ., author 
of various leg. and other works : b. 1837, mar. 1866 
Anna Sophia Stewart, dau. ofHy. C. Colles, Esq. 
Res., 40 Fitz william PL, Dublin. 

BEYNON, Lt.-Col. William George Law- 
rence, D.S.O. (1893), LA., Hazara 1888, Chitral 
Relief, and Tirah, Somalild. 1901, Thibet 1904, 
formerly Assist. Mil. Sec. to Ind. Govt. : b. 1866. 
Address, c/o Messrs. H. S. King and Co., 9 Pall 
Mall, S.W. 

BHAGWATI PRASAD SINGH, Maharaja, 
K:C.I.E. (1906), of Balrampur, Oudh. 

BHANUWONGSE (H. E.), Chao Phya, Maha 
Rosa, Tiboditi Phraklang, K.C.M.G. (Hon. 1880), 
ofSiam. 

*#* The explanation of this series of titles has been 
courteously supplied us from the Siamese Legation: 
Chao Phya is the highest title in the nobility, taken as 
equal to Duke (Phya alone equals Marquess), While 
Maha Kosq corresponds to His Grace or His Lordship, 
bo that " Chao Phya Bhanuwongse, Maha Kosa " may be 
rendered "His Nobility the Luke Bhanuwongse" (the 
English prefix of H.E. being rendered superfluous). 
The additional words Tibodi li PhraHang Imply 
" Administrator of Finances." 

BHASHYAM IYENGAR - see " Aiyangar." 

BHATAWADEKAR, Sir Bhalchandra 
Krishna, Kt. Bach. (1900), Chmn. of Standing 
Cmttee. Bombay Munic. Corp., and of Ind. Temp. 
Assoc., is a Syndic in Medicine; b. 1852. Res., 
Bombay. 

B HAUN AGAR— see following. 

BHAVSINGHJI TAKHTSINGHJI, H.H. 
Thakur Saheb Sir,K.C.S.I. (1904), of Bhaunagar, 
a Rulin? Prinee of India and Chief of a tribe of 
Gohil Rajputs :b. 1875, mar. 1905, 2nd wife, Prss. 
Nand Kunvarba. Res., The Nila'mbag Palace, 
Bhaunagar, Bombay. 

BHOPAL, Begum op. H.H. the Nawab Sultan 
Jahan, G.C.I.E. (1904), a Ruling Princess : mar. 
1874 Ahmad Ali Khan, of Afghanistan. Res., 
Bhopal, Centr. India. 

*** Like her predecessor who died in 1901 and was a 
G.C.S.I., she is the only lady in the British Lominions 
who bears a title of Knighthood. 

BHOWNAGGREE, Knight. Sir Mancherjee 
Merwanjee Bhownaggree, K.C.I.E. (1897), late 
an M.P. (G.), barrister-at-law (Line. Inn), Fell. 
Bomb. Univ., late Judic. Counc. and head of 
State Agency, Bhaunagar, is a memb. of League 
of Mercy : b. 1851, mar. 1872. Res., 196 Cromwell 
Ed.. S.W. 

BHURE SINGH— see "Chamba." 

BIANCARDI (GRECH-), Lt.-Col. Nicola, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Roy. Malta Militia, and 
Colonial A.D.C. to the Governor. Res., 15 Strada 
Cristoforo, Valetta. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Lavinia Louisa, dau. 
of 6th E. of Abingdon. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Margaret, dau. of 4th 
E. of Ashburnham. 

BICKFORD, Vice-Adm. Andrew Kennedy, 
C.M.G. (1885), Japan 1863, on Irish Coast and 
in operations in Egypt and Sumatra, late Capt. 
Supt. of Sheerness Dckyd. and Naval A.D C. to 
Queen Victoria, late Com.-in-Ch. on Pacific station : 
b. 1844. Res., The Grange, Uckfield, Sussex. 

BIDDULPH, family name of follg. Barony. 

BIDDULPH, Baron. Michael Biddulph 1st 



Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for Herefordsh., an M.P. 1865- 
1900, a partner in the bank of Cocks, Biddulph, 
and Co. : son of the late Robt. Biddulph, Esq., 
M.P. ; b. Feb. 17, 1834; cr. Baron 1903 (L.U.)* 
mar., 1st, 1864, Adelaide Georgiana (d. 1872), dau. 
of the late Gen. the Rt. Hon. Jonathan Peel, M.P. ; 
2ndly, 1877, Lady Elizabeth Philippa (nee Yorke), 
V.A., dau. of 4th E. of Hardwicke and widow of 
Hy. J. Adeane, Esq., M.P. Seats, Ledbury, 
Herefs, ; Kemble House, Cirencester; tovjn res., 
19 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Biddulph, 1903. 

Issue. 
(Biddulph.) 

By 1ST MRRGE. 

The deceased Adeia Margaret Mary B., b. 186s, d. 1876. 
Hon. Edith Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Charles Bell, b. 1867, 

mar. 1891 Chas. Wentworth B., Esq. Re-s,, Bronsil, 

Eastnor, Ledbury, Herefs. 
Hon. Violet Maud B., b. 1868. 

Hon. John Michael Gordon B., heir to Baroirj, a 
Dir. of Equit. Life Assur. Soc. : b. 1869, mar. i%6 
Marjoric Caroline Susan, dau. of the late Col. Wril. 
Mure, of Caldwell, N.B., and maternal granddau 
of 1st Bn. Leconfieid. Res., 6 Eaton PI., S.W. 
(znd heir his son Michael William, b. 1898.) 

Hon. Claud William B., a D.L. for Herefordsh., 
b. 1871. Res., 7 Park PI., St. James's St., S,W. 

BIDDULPH, Baronet. Sir Theophilus 
George Biddulph, 8th Bt. (Eng. 1664), son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1874, sue. 1883. Heir pres., a remote 
(3rd) cousin, William Hugh B. (b. 1869; no 
2nd heir). Res., unfixed. 

BIDDULPH, Knight. Gen. Sir Robert Bid- 
dulph, G.C.B. (Mil. 1899), G.C.M.G. (1886; 
K.C.M.G. 1880), R.A. retd. (1902), served in 
Crimea, Mutiny, China, &c, High Commissr. in 
Cyprus 1879-86, has been Dir.-Gen. of Mil. Educ. 
and twice Q.M.G. to the Forces, late Gov. of Gib- 
raltar: b. 1835 (bro. of Bn. Biddulph), widower 
(twice). Res., 83 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BIDDULPH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Katherine, dau. of Capt. Stamati, Comdt. of 
Balaklava), mar, 1857 Gen. Sir Mich. A. S. 
Biddulph, G.C.B. , Gentn. Usher of the Black 
Rod (d. 1904). Res., Hampton Ct. Palace. 

BIDDULPH, Lady (Sarah) Wilfreda, dau. of 
1st E. of Selbome. 

BIDIE, Surg.-Gen. George, CLE. (1883), 
M.B., F.Z.S., an Hon. Surg, to H.M., formerly 
to Ind. Viceroy, retired from Army 1890 ; is 
attached to numerous learned Socs. : b. 1830. Res., 
Barmore, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingsh. 

BIGGE, Knight. Lt.-Col. Sir Arthur John 
Bigge, G.C.V.O. (1901), K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C.S.I. (1906), K.C.M.G. (1901), I.S.O. (1903), 
R.A. retd., served in Zulu War, now an Extra 
Equerry to H.M. and Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales : b. 1849, mar. 1881 Constance, 
dau. of the late Rev. Win, F. Neville and gt. 
granddau. of 2nd Bn. Braybrooke. Res., Warren 
Lodge, Thursley, Godalming ; Colour Ct., St. 
James's Pal., S.W. 

BIGGE, Lewis Amherst Selby, C.B. (Civ. 1905) , 
M.A., late an Assist. Charity Commissr., now 
Assist. Sec. Bd. of Educn. : b. i860. R'-s. , Manor 
House, King's Sutton, Banbury ; 7, Wilbraham 
PL, Chelsea, S.W. 

BIGGE, Maj.-Gen. Thomas Scovell Charles, 
C.B. (Mil. 1905), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. (1882) ; 
Crimea and Mutiny: b. 1837. Res., The Lye 
House, Bricket Wood, St. Albans. 

BIGGS, Knight. Maj. Sir Arthur W. Biggs, 
Kt. Bach. (1906). 

BIGGS, Lt.-Col. Henry Vero, D.S.O. (1898), 
R.E., Zhob Valley 1884, Burma 1885-7, N.W. 



M 



i 4 6 BIG 



Directory of Peerage, 



BIR 



Front. 1897-8: b. i860. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Cox and Co., Charing Cross, S.W. 

BIGGS (YE ATM AN-), Bishop— see ''Worces- 
ter." His wife, Lady Barbara Caroline Y.-B., 
is a dau. of 4th E. of Dartmouth (q.v.). 

BIGBAM, Knight. Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bigham, Kt. Bach. (1897), officially "Mr. Justice 
Bigham," a Judge of Bankruptcy Biv. of the 
High Ct. (thence "Hon.") and Pres. of the 
Railway Comrnissn., appd. Q.C. 18S3, late an 
M.P. {&.): b. 1840, mar. 1871 Georgina, dau. of 
the late Jno. Eogers, Esq., of Liverpool. Bes., 22 
Grosvenor PL. S.W. ; chamb., 652 Boy. Cts. of 
Justice, W.C. ' 

BIGHAM, Capt. Charles Clive, C.M.G. 
(1901), late Grcn. Gds. ; China igoo ; has been 
Hon. Attache to Brit. Legat. or Emb. at Peking, 
St. Petersburg, and Constantinople, and A.D.C. 
to Lord-Lieut, oflreld. (Earl Cadogan), late on 
Intell. Div. at Headqrs., now at Bd. of Trade: 
b. 1872 (son of Mr. Justice Bigham). Bes., 14 
St. James's PL, S.W. 

BIGNOLD, Knight. Sir Arthur Bignold, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), late an M.P. (C.),B.A., LL.B., 
E.E.G.S., F.Z.S., Chief of Gaelic Soc. of Scotld., 
formerly of Lond. Stock Exchge. : b. 1839, mar. 
1906, 2nd wife, Emily Florence, dau. of the late 
Thos. Agar, Esq. Bes., Loch Rosque Castle, 
Achnasheen S.O., Ross-sh. ; Strathbran Lodge 
and Cabuie Lodge, Achanalt S.O., same Co. ; town 
res., 2 Curzon St., Mayfair, W. 

BIKANIR, the Maharaja of. Maj. H. H. 
Raj Rajeshwar Shiromani Shri Sir Ganga Singh, 
Bahadur, K.C.S.I. (1904), K.C.I.E. (1901), aRuling 
Chief of India, served in China 1900, an Hon. 
A.D.C. to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales : b. 1880, 
mar. 1897. Bes., Bikanir, Raiputana. 

BILIOTTI, Knight. Sir Alfred Biliotli, 
K.C.M.G. (1896), C.B. (Civ. 1890), late Consul- 
Gen, at Saloniea, formerly for island of Crete, 
prev. Vice-Cons, at Rhodes and Cons, at Trebi- 
zond; superintended excavations of Halicamassus, 
and discovered Necropolis at Rhodes, ret. 1903: 
b. 1833, mar. 1889 a French lady. 

BINGHAM, family name of Lucan Earldom 
and of Clanmorris Barony. Index to the two 
lines (all "Honourables") : 

Albert Edwd. l. Edwd. B. Stew. c. Isabella C. S. c. 
Albert Yelvrtn. c. Eleanor C. A. c. Jno. Denis Y. c. 
Alex. Fredo. u Fms. Kichd. l. Jno. Edwd. l. 
Arthur M. It. c. George C. Patk. l. Lionel Ernest, l. 
Barbara Violet, l. George Kodk. 15. c.Marg. Diana, l. 
Larry, Mrs. Jno., c.Harriette I. M. c. Richard, Adm. l. 
Burton, Mrs., 0. Hugh T. de B. c. Iliclid. Ger. A. c. 
Cecil Edwd. l. Ierne Maude, c. Terence, c. 
Clare Alice, c. 

BINGHAM, Baronet. Col. Sir John Edward 
Bingham, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), V.D., head of the 
Sheffield firm of Walker and Hall, Hon. Col. 1st 
Yorks. R.E. Vols., has been twice Master Cutler 
of Sheffield : son of the late Edward Bingham, 
Esq., b. 1839, mar. 1863 Maria, dau. of the late 
Win. Fawcett, Esq. Heir, his son Albert Edward, 
Capt. and Bon. Maj. R.E. Vols. (b. 1868; 1102nd 
heir). Bes., West Lea, Ranmoor, Sheffield. 

BINGHAM, Lord {by courtesy), eld. son and 
heir of E. of Lucan, q.v. (title subst. for Lord 
Lucan, using the fam. name). 

BINGHAM (SMITH-), Maj. Oswald Buckley 
Bingham {i.e. O. B. Bingham Smith-Bingham), 
! D.S.O. (1901), 3rd Drgn. Gds.: S. Africa 1901-2: 
I b. 1868. 

I BINNIE, Knight. Sir Alexander Richard- 
! son Binnie, Kt. Bach. (1897), M.I.C.E., lateEngr. 
I toL.C.C, constructed the new Blackwall Tunnel ; 



prev. in Pub.Works Dept. India : b. 1839, widower. 
Bes., 77 Ladbroke Grove, Notting Hill, W. 

BINNIE, James, I.S.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools, Scotld. : b. 1842. 

BINNING, Lord {by courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Haddington. The title in the Earl- 
dom is "Bn. of Binning and Byres " (Scot. 1613). 

BINNS, Knight's Widow. Lady" B. (Clara, 
dau. of Jno. Acutt, Esq.), mar. 1861 Sir Henry 
Binns, K.C.M.G. (d. 1899). Bes., Carlton-Biggin, 
Berea, Natal. 

BINNY, Capt, Steuart Scott, D.S.O. (1902), 
19th Hussars ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

BIRCH, Knight. Sir Arthur (Nonus) Birch, 
K.C.M.G. (1886), Agent to Bank of England, 
Burlington Gdns. ; acting Gov. of Brit. Columbia 
1866-7, aftds. Lt.-Gov. of Penang and Ceylon : 
b. 1837, widower. Bes., 1 Old Burlington St., W. 

BIRCH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (May, 
dau. of Capt. Geo. P. Burden), mar. 1868, as 2nd 
wife, Lt.-Gen. Sir Richd. J. H. Birch, K.C.B. (d. 
1875) . Bes. ,8 Lovaine Terr., King's Rd., Fulham, 
S.W. 

BIRCH, Claude Churchill, I.S.O. (1905), 
Princ. Clerk at Admiralty. Bes., Granville 
House, Granv. PL, W. 

BIRCH, Capt. Edward Massy, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
R.A., S. Africa 1899-1903, late as a Remount 
Offr. : b. 1875. 

BIRCH, Ernest Woodford, C.M.G. (1900), late 
Gov. of Labuan (with Nth. Borneo, Sarawak, and 
Brunei) , formerly held posts at Malacca, Singa- 
pore, Sc., now Resid. at Perak : b. 1857. Bes., 
Perak, Straits Settlemts. ; Wolverton, Bexhill- 
on-Sea S.O. 

BIRCH, Maj. James Rtchard Kemmis, D.S.O. 
(1902), Cheshire Regt. ; Soudan 1885, and on Staff 
in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859. 

BIRCHENOTJGn, John Henry, C.M.G. (1905L 
F.R.S.S., late Spec. Commissi', on Prospects of 
Brit. Trade in S. Africa. Bes., West Bank, 
Macclesfield ; 79 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

BIRD, Knight. Gen. Sir George Corrie 
Bird, K.C.I.E. (1899), C.B. (Mil. 1889), LA. 
Supemum. List, served in Mutiny, Afghanistan 
1878-80, Tochi 1897, late comdg. OudhDist., prev. 
Chin Hills : b. 1838, mar. 1872 Emily Ellen, dau. 
of the late Maj. -Gen. Hy. D. Manning. 

BIRD, Christopher John, C.M.G. (1901), 
Princ. Under Sec. in Natal, in C.S. of that Colony 
from 1874 : b. 1855. Bes., Pictermaritzburg. 

BIRD, James William Fairbkidge, I.S.O. 
(1906), Sec. to Law Dept. Natal. 

BIRD, Maj. Robert, CLE. (1905), M.D., 
I.M.S., Surg, to the Viceroy : b. 1866. 

BIRD, Col. Spencer Godfre y, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Roy. Dubl. Fus. retd. (1906) ; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1854. 

BIRD, Lt.-Col. Stanley, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1906), comdg. 1st Batt. Roy. Fus.; Nile 1898: 
b. 1864. 

BIRD, Lt.-Col. Wilkinson Dent, D.S.O. 
(lgoo-i'), Roy. W. Surrey Regt'. ; Niger 1897, 
N.'W. Frontier, S. Africa with Mtd. Inf. 1899-1900, 
late Ch. Instr. to Sch. of Musketry, now a 
Trof . in Ind. Staff Coll. : b. 1869. 

BIRDWOOD, Knight. Sir George Christo- 
pher Moles worth Birdwood, K.C.I.E. (1887; Kt. 
Bach. 1881), C.S.I. (1877), M.D.,LL.D.,latespecial 
assistant in Rev. and Commerc. Dept. of India 
Office, formerly of Bombay Med. Staff (served in 
Persian Campaign 1856-7) and Prof, of Anatomy, 
Botany, &c., in Grant Coll., Bombay, since then 



BIR Baronetage, Knightage, Sc. BLA 147 



holding numerous C. S. and scientific apptmts., 
was Sheriff of Bombay 1864, a Kt. of Grace St. 
John Jerus. : b. 1832, mar. 1856 Frances Anne, 
dau. of the lateEdwd. Tolcher, Esq., R.N. Res., 
119 The Avenue, Ealing, W. 

BIRD WOOD, Herbert Mills, C.S.I. (1893), 
M.A., LL.D., late Puisne Judge and Memb. 
Counc. of Bombay, is Vice-Chanc. Bomb. Univ., 
author of legal, botanical, and other works : b. 
1837. Res., Dalkeith House, Cambridge Pk., 
Twickenham; chamb., 1 Brick Ct., Temple, E.C. 

BIRKBECK (pron. Burbeck), Baronet. Sir 
Edward Birkbeck, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1886), a D.L. for 
Norfolk, a Pub. Works Loan Commissr., Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., and Chmn. Roy. Nat. 
Lifeboat Inst., an M.P. 1879-92 (C.) : son of the 
late Hy. Birkbeck, Esq., b. 1838, mar. 1865 the 
following. Heir, none. Seat, Horstead Hall, Nor- 
wich ; town res., 9 Wilton Cresc, S.W, 

BIRKBECK, Hon. Lady, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Hylton (q.v.) and wife of the preceding. 

BIRKBECK, Col. William Henry, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), C.M.G. (1906), late King's Drgn. 
Gds. ; Hazara and Chin Lushai 1888-90, S. Africa 
1899-1902, late D.A.A.G. for Mil. Instruction at 
Headqrs. : b. 1863. 

BIRKIN, Baronet. Sir Thomas Isaac BirJcin, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1905), a D.L. for Notts. (High 
Sheriff 1892), late Capt. Robin Hood Rifles, of 
which he was one of the promoters : son of the 
lateRichd. Birkin, Esq., of Aspley Hall; b. 1831, 
mar. 1856 Harriet, dau. of Matt. Tebbutt, Esq. 
Heir, his son Thomas Stanley (b. 1857). Seat, 
Ruddington Grange, Nottingham. 

BIRKIN, Lt.-Col. Richard Leslie, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Maj. S. Notts. Imper. Yeom. ; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862. 

BIRLEY, Col. Richard Kennedy, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 7th Lanes. 
Vol. Artill. : b. 1845. Res., Cambridge St., Man- 
chester. 

BIRMINGHAM, Baron (? Irel. temp. Edward 
III.)— see "Gormanston, Vise," Avith note. 

BIRMINGHAM, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Gore., D.D., D.C.L., 1st Bp., formerly a Chapl. in 
Ord. to H.M., late 104th Bp. of Worcester, prev. 
a Canon of Westminster, and has been Vice-Prin- 
cipal of Cuddesdon College, Princ. of Pusey 
House, Vic. of Radley, Examg. Chapl. to Bp. of 
Lincoln, and repeatedly Select Preacher at both 
Oxford and Cambridge, was editor of ' Lux 
Mundi : ' b. Jan. 22, 1853 (nephew of 4th E. of 
Arran and maternal grandson of 4th E. of Bess- 
borough) ; cons. 1902, trans, to B'ham 1904, ent. 
Lords 1905 (L.). Res.. Bishop's Croft, Birming- 
ham. — Assist. Bp., see "Mylne." 

BIRRELL, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Augustine 
Birrell, P.O. (Gt. Br. 1905), K.C. (1894), M.P. 
for Nth. Bristol (£.), Pres. of Bd. of Educn. : 
b. 1850. Res., The Pightle, Shering-ham S.O., 
Norfolk; 70 Elm Pk. Rd., Chelsea, S.W. ; chamb., 
3 New Sq., Line. Inn, W.C. 

BIRT, Knight. Sir William Birt, Kt. Bach. 
(1897), V.D., A.I.C.E., late Gen. Man. of Gt, 
Eastern Railway, now on Bd. of Dirs., also of 
Metropol. Rail., late Hon. Col. Rail, and Engr. 
Vol. Staff Corps : b. 1834, mar. 1872 Constantia 
Maiy Ann, dau. of Matt. W. Thomas, Esq. Res., 
Devonshire House, Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

BISCOE, Lt.-Gen. William Walters, C.B. 
(Mil. 1896), Col. 19th Lancers, LA. ; Afghn. 
1878-80, 2nd MiranzaiExpedn., has been A.A.G. 
Bengal, ret. 1901: b. 1841. #es.,8oSt. Brannock's 
Rd., llfracombe. 



BISHOP, Capt. Frederick Edward, D.S.O. 
(1901), Unattached List (Auxils.) ; Ashanti igoo : 
b. 1872. 

BISSET. Knight. Col. Sir William Sinclair 
Smith Bisset, K.C.I.E. (1897), R.E., M.A., served 
in Afghan War 1878-80, ret. 1898 ; has been Sec. 
to Pub. Works Dept. and Dir.-Gen. of Rails, in 
India : b. 1843, mar. 1888 Henrietta Marv, dau. of 
Lt.-Gen. Wm. P. La Touche. Res., Hill House, 
Stoke Poges S.O., Bucks. 

BLACK, Knight. Sir Samuel Black, Kt. Bach. 
(1892), Aid. and Town Clerk of Belfast, prev. 
Town Solicitor : b. 1830, mar. 1853 Ellen, dau. of 
the late Saml. Archer, Esq. Res., Glen Ebor, 
Strandtown S.O., Co. Down. 

BLACK, Maj.-Gen. Wilsone, C.B. (Mil. 1879), 
Crimean, Kaffir, and Zulu Wars; has been in 
comd. in Jamaica and Hong Kong, A.Q.M.G. in 
N. Scotia and A.A.G. at Gibraltar, ret. 1899 : b. 
1837. Club, Jun. U. Serv. 

BLACKADER, Maj. Charles Gcinand,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Leic. Regt. ; Niger 1897-8 and S. Africa 

1899- 1902 : b. 1869. 

BLACKBURN, Lady Constance Frances, 
dau. of 13th E. of Strathmore. 

BLACKBURNE, Capt. Charles Harold, 
D.S.O. (1902), late Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 

1900- 2, now Manager of Horse Breeding Dept. 
there: b. 1876. Res., Standerton, Transvaal. 

BLACKBURNE, Col. Robert Ireland, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), Hon. Col. (formerly Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
3rd Batt. S. Lanes. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1, 
is a D L. for Lanes. : b. 1850. Res., Hale Hall, 
nr. Liverpool ; Orford Hall, Warrington. 

BLACKETT, Baronet. Sir Edward William 
Blackett, 7th Bt. (Eng. 1673), C.B. (Mil. 1905;, 
Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd., served in Crimea: son of 
6th Bt., b. 1831, sue. 1885, mar. 1871 Hon. Lady 
B. (as below). Heir, his son Hugh Douglas (b. 
1873 ; 2nd heir, latter's son, Charles Douglas, 
b. 1904). Seat, Matfen Hall, Corbridge S.O., 
N'thumbd. 

BLACKETT, Baronet's Widow (remrrd). 
Alethea, Lady B. (Alethea Rianette Anne, dau, 
of the late Gen. Wm. Hy. Scott), mar., 1st, 1880, as 
4th wife, Sir Edwd. Blackett, 6th Bt. (d. 1885) ; 
2ndly, i883, Hy. G. Holt, Esq.— title retained by 
right. Res., The Grove, Ropley, Alresford, Hants. 

BLACKETT, Hon. Lady, dau. of 17th Bn. 
Somerville (q.v.) and wife of the above Bt. 

BLACKMORE, Edwin Gordon, C.M.G. (1901), 
Clerk of Parliaments to Austral. Commonwealth, 
served in N.Z. war pf 1863-4, formerly an Exam, 
in Hist, to Adelaide Univ. : b. 1837. Address, 
Parliamt. House, Melbourne. 

BLACKWOOD, Baronet. Sir Francis Black- 
wood, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1814), Capt. R.N. retd. (1886), 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 3rd, 
b. 1838, sue. 1854, mar. 1871, 2nd wife, Dorothy 
Frances, dau. of the late Rev. E. H. Quicke. Heir, 
his son Henry Robert Temple (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Henry Palmer Temple, b. 1896). 
Club, U. Serv. 

BLACKWOOD, Lady Alicia, sist. of 8th E. of 
Cavan. 

BLACKWOOD (HAMILTON - TEMPLE -) , 
family name of Dufferin Marquessate, q.v. for 
" Lords " and " Ladies," with Lord Basil Black- 
wood. 

BLAGROVE, Col. Henry John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late 13th Hussars; Afghn. 1879-80, Egypt 
1882, S. Africa 1899-1901, ret. 1901 : b. 1854. 

Res., Thurston Grange, Bury St. Edmds. 



M 2 



148 SLA 



Directory of Peerage, 



BLA 



BLAIN, Knight. Sir William Arbuthnot 
Blain, Kt. Bach. (1897), a merchant, Pres. of Con- 
serve Assoc. of Nottingham, Dir. of Dist. Bis:., 
Chmn. of High School, Med. Aid Inst., &c. : b. 
1833, mar. i860 Harriet Ann, dan. of Jas. Allen, 
Esq., of Handsworth. Bes., The Park, Notting- 
ham. 

BLAIN, William, C.B. (Civ. 1906), a Princ. 
Clerk in Treasury. 

BLAINE, Knight. Sir Charles Frederick 
Blaine, Kt. Bach. (1889), knighted for services in 
promoting the S. African Customs Union : b. 18 — , 
mar. 18 — Helen Mary, dau. of Thos. Howie, Esq.. 
Bes., Jetty St., Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony. 

BLAINE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lydia 
Letitia Purvis, dau. of Sir Timothy V. Stonhouse, 
14th Bt.), mar. 1881, as 2nd wife, Sir Robt. 
Stickney Blaine, a former M.P. and Mayor of 
Bath (d. 1897). Bes., Summerhill, Bath. 

BLAIB, Capt. Arthur, D.S.O. (1900-1), King's 
Own Scott. Bords. ; Soudan 1898-9, S. Africa 
1900-2 as an A.D.C., now D.A.Q.M.G. in Cape 
Col. Dist. : b. 1869. 

BLAIR, Col. Frederick Gordon, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) Leic. 
Imper. Yeom. (retd. 1906) ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
a D.L. for Ayrsh., was High Sheriff of Rutland 
1886: b. 1852. Bes., Ashwell Hall, Oakham; 
Blair, Dairy S.O., Ayrsh. 

BLAIR (HUNTER-), Baronet. Rev. Sir David 
Oswald Hunter-Blair,_ 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1786), 
M.A., was Chamberlain of Sword and Cloak to 
Popes Pius IX. and Leo XIII., a monk of 
the Order of St. Benedict and Master of 
Hunter-Blair's Hall, Oxford ; formerly Capt. 
Ayr and Wigtown Mil. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, 
sue. 1896. Heir pres., his bro. Edward, Com. 
R.N. retd. (b. 1858; 2nd heir, latter's son James, 
b. 1889). Bes., The Abbey, Port Augustus, 
Inverness; 9 Beaumont St., Oxford. 

BLAKE, family name of Wallscourt Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Langliam. Sir Patrick 
James Graham Blake, 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1772), 
formerly Lieut, in Suffolk Mil. : son of the late 
Rev. Hy. B. Blake and grandson of 4th Bt., b. 
1861, sue. 1880, mar. 1883 Emma Gertrude, dau. of 
the late Thos. P. Dawson, Esq. Heir, his son 
Cuthbert Patrick (b. 1885; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 1st 
eous. once rem., Col. George Pilkington B., b. 
1835). Seat, Bardwell Manor, Bury St. Edmunds. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Menlough. Sir Valentine 
Blake, 14th Bt. (Irel. 1622), High Sheriff of Co. 
Galway 1872, formerly Hon. Maj. Galway Mil.: 
son of 13th Bt., b. 1836, sue. 1875, mar. 1864 
Camilla Eugenia, dau. of Harvey Combe, Esq. 
Heir, his son Thomas Patrick Ulick John 
Harvey (b. 1870 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Ulick 
Temple, b. 1904). Seat, Menlough Castle, Galway. 

BLAKE, Knight (1). Sir Ernest Edward 
Blake, K.C.M.G. (1901), one of the Crown Agents 
for the Colonies, ent. Colon. Off. 1863 and was late 
head of Gen. Dept., Priv. Sec. to Sees, of State 
1872-9:. b. 1845, widower. Bes., Hawkshill, 
Leatherhead, Surrey; 4 Whitehall Gdns., S.W. 

BLAKE, Knight (2). Sir Henry Arthur 
Blake, G.C.M.G. (1897; K.C.M.G. 1888), Gov. of 
Ceylon, prev. of the Bahamas, Newfoundland, 
Jamaica, Hong Kong, &c, and one of five special 
magistrates in Ireland, Kt. of Justice St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1840, mar. 1874, 2nd wife, Edith, dau. 
of the late Ralph Bemal-Osborne, Esq. , M.P., and 
sist. of Dchss. of St. Albans. Bes., Queen's House, 



Colombo, Ceylon; Myrtle Grove, Youghal, Co. 
Cork. 

BLAKE, Col. Arthur Maurice, C.B. (Civ. 
1897), a D.L. for Herts., High Sheriff of Rutland 
1887, late Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 1st Vol. 
Batt. Beds. Regt., formerly Capt. Gren. Gds. : b. 
1852. Bes., Danesbury, Welwyn, Herts. 

BLAKE, Henry Claude, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1903), Athlone Pursuivant of Arms and Priv. Sec. 
to Ulster King : b. 1874. Bes., 22 Morehampton 
Rd., Dublin ; Office of Arms, Dublin Castle. 

BLAKE, Col. Maurice Charles Joseph, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), V.D., a D.L. for Mayo (High Sheriff 
1864), late Hon. Col. and Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. 
Connaught Rangers (Mil.) : b. 1837. Bes. , Tower- 
hill, Ballyglass S.O., Co. Mayo. 

BLAKE, Maj. Napoleon Joseph Rudolph, 
D.S.O. ( 1900-1 ),Middx. Regt. retd. ; Zululd. 1879, 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. 1853. 

BLAKE, Hon. Mrs. Valentine, dau. of 3rd 
Bn. De Ereyne. 

BLAKENEY, Charles Altavilla, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Brit. Cons, for Ionian Is. Bes., 
Corfu. 

BLAKENEY, Maj. Herbert Norwood, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Middx. Regt. ; Boer War 1900-2 : b. 1871. 

BLAKENEY, Capt. Robert Byron Drury, 
D.S.O. (1898), R.E., Dongola and Khartoum, 
comd. a Balloon Section in S. Afr. War 1900, 
now Traffic Manager Egyptn. State Rails. : b. 
1872. Bes., Maison Chawarby Pasha, Cairo. 

BLAKER, Knight. Sir John George BlaTcer, 
Kt. Bach. (1897), four times Mayor of Brighton: 
b. 1854, mar. 1890 Lily, dau. of Saml. Cowell, Esq. 
Bes., The Romans, Stanford Avenue, Brighton. 

BLAKEY, James, I.S.O. (1902), Actuary and 
Princ. Clk. in Nat. Debt Office : b. 1851. 

BLAKISTON, Baronet. Sir Horace Nevile 
Blakiston, 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1763), son of the late 
Rev. Horace M. Blakiston and nephew of 4th Bt. ; 
b. 1861, sue. 1883. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Edward (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, their nephew Arthur 
Frederick, b. 1892). Bes., Lynton, Westby Rd., 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BLANC, Knight. Dep. Surg.-Gen. Sir Henri 
Jules Blanc, K.C.Y.O. (1901), M.D., I.M.S.retd., 
served in Crimea, China 1860-2, Abyssinia 1867-8, 
having accompd. Mission to Emp. Theodore and 
been kept a prisoner by him for nearly two years, 
being in consequence awarded a gratuity of 
£2000 by Engl. Govt. ; aftds. Prof, of Surg, at 
Grant Med. Coll. Bombay, now a Consg. Surg, at 
Cannes : b. 1831, mar. 1877 Stella, dau. of EyreB. 
Powell, Esq., C.S.I. Bes., Villa Manouka, Cannes. 

BLANDFORD, Marquess of (by courtesy— -title 
Eng. 1702) , elder sonand heir of D. of Marlborough. 
For the ex-Mchss. see under " Abercorn." 

BLANE, Baronet. Lt.-Gen. Sir Seymour 
John Blane, 3rdBt. (U.K. 1812), C.B. (Mil. 1871), 
served in Crimea and Mutiny, was A.D.C. to 
Earl Canning and has been Mil. Sec. to three 
successive Viceroys of India ; ret. 1881 as 
Lt.-Gen. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1869, mar. 
1903 the widow of Henry Blake, Esq., of Boston, 
Mass. Heir pres., his nephew Charles Rodney 
B., Lieut. R.N. (b. 1879; 2nd heir, latter's bro. 
James Pitcairn, b. 1883). Bes., 37 Lowndes St., 
S.W. 

BLANTYRE Barony (Scot. 1606), extinct 1900 
on death of 12th Bn. (surname Stuart). 

Surviving Representatives. 
Issue of last (\2th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary S., b. 1845. 



BLE Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BLU 149 



Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Lady Baird, b. 1846, mar. 1864 
Sir David B., 3rd Bt. of Newbyth, q.v. 

Hon. Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. William Hy. Glad' 
sione s b. 1:849, mar. 1875 the late Wm. Hy. G., Esq. 
(d. 1891), eld. son of Rt. Hon. \V. E. Gladstone. Res., 
Hawarden Castle, Flints., nr. Chester (with her 
bro. -in-law H. N. Gladstone, Esq.) ; 41 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Dau. of nth Bn. (sist. of 12th) : 
(The late 12th Baron, b. 1818, d. 1900.) 
Hon. Caroline Henrietta, now Caroline, Ctss. of Sea- 
Held, q.v., b. 1830, mar. 1850 7th Earl of S. (d. 1881). 

BLENKINSOP, Lt.-Col. Layton John, D.S.Q. 
(1898), Khartoum, S. Africa 1899-1902, was Sen. 
Vet.- Offr. in Egypt, formerly Prof, in Lahore 
Vet. Coll. : b. 1862. Bes., Dublin. 

BLENNERHASSETT,Priv. Counc. andBARO- 
! net. Rt. Hon. Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, P.C. 
' (Irel. 1905), 4th Bt. {U.K. 1809), D. es Sc., LL.D., 
late Pi*es. of Queen's Coll. Cork, is a Senator Roy. 
Univ. Ireld., a D.L. for Kerry (High Sheriff 1866), 
a Commissr. of Natl. Educn. in Ireld., an M.P. 
1865-74 and 1880-5 (L.) : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1839, 
sue. 1849, mar. 1870 Countess Charlotte de Leyden. 
Heir, his son Arthur Charles Francis Bernard 
(b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, next son, William Paul 
Rowland Lewis, b. 1882). Club, Athenaeum. 

BLENNERHASSETT, Col. Blennerhasset 
Montgomery, C.M.G. (1896), R.A.M.C. retd. 
(1906), F.R.C.S.I., Ashanti 1895-6, late Med. Offr. 
for Murree List. : b. 1850. 

BLE WITT, Col. William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1901), R.A. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, late Sec. to 
Ordn. Cmttee., now Comdt. Sen. for Horse and 
Fd. Artill. at Shoeburyness : b. 1854. Bes., The 
Manor House, Aylesbury. 

BLEZARD, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 7th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

BLIGH, family name of Darnley Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons." (is also surname 
of infant Buss. Clifton) . 

BLISS, Knight. Sir Henry William Bliss, 
K.C.I.E. (1897), B.A., L.C.C., late Memb. Counc. 
Gov. of Madras, prev. an Addit. Memb. of that 
of Viceroy: b. 1840, mar. 1900, 3rd wife, 
Florence, dau. of Sir Fredk. J. Bramwell, 1st Bt., 
F.R.S. Bes., Four Elms, Edenbridge, Kent; 
10 Cornwall Gdns.. S. Kens., S.W. 

BLISSETT, Comsry. Henry Frederick, C.M.G. 
(1874), Ashanti 1873-4, held numerous apptmts. in 
Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, &c, and was Commissr. 
of Accts. in Falkld. Is., ret. 1885 : b. 1847. 

BLOCK, Adam Samuel James, C.M.G. (1895), 
late Ch. Dragoman and Orient. Sec. at Constanti- 
nople, now a Delegate of Bondholders on Otto- 
man Pub. Debt: b. 1856. Address, Ottoman 
Public Debt Office. Constantinople. 

BLOEMFONTEIN {pron. Bloomf ontayn) , 
Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur Chandler, D.D., 
5th Bp., late Vic. of Poplar, prev. Cha-pl. to Bp. 
of Salisbury, was Select Preacher at Oxford 1891 : 
b. 1860, cons. 1901. Bes., Bishop's Lodge, Bloem- 
fontein, Orange River Col. 

BLOIS, Baronet. Sir Ralph Barrett Mac- 
naghten Blots, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1686), a D.L. for 
Suffolk (High Sheriff 1905-6), Capt. Reserve of 
Officers, formerly Lieut. Scots Gds. : son of 8th 
Bt., b. 1866, sue. 1888, mar. 1898 Winifred Grace 
Hegan, dau. of Col. Edmd. H. Kennard. Heir, 
his son Gervase Ralph Edmund (b. 1901 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Eardley Steuart, b. 1869). Seat, 
Cockfield Hall, Yoxford, Saxmundham, Suffolk. 

BLOIS, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady B. 
(Eliza Ellen, dau. of the late Capt. Alf . Chapman, 



R.N.), mar. 1865 Sir Jno. R. Blois, 8th Bt. (d. 
1888) . Bes. , 8 Ennismore Gdns. , S. Kens. , S.W. 

BLOMEFIELD, Baronet. Sir Thomas Wilmot 
Peregrine Blomefield, 4th Bt. {U.K, 1807), C.B. 
(Civ. 1903), Financ. Assist. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
has been Priv. Sec. to successive Presidents: son 
of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1878, mar. 1874 Lilias, 
dau. of the late Maj . Hon. Chas. Napier, son of 8th 
Bn. Napier of Merchistoun. Heir, his son Thomas 
Charles Alfred, Lieut. R.N. (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Nigel Napier, b. 1877). Bes., 6 
The Grange, Wimbledon Common. S. W. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight. Adm. Sir Richard 
Massie Blomfield, K.C.M.G. (1904), Dir.-Gen. 
of Egyptian Ports and Lighthouses ; served 
in Crimea, and Egypt 1882 : b. 1835, mar. 1877 
Rosamund Selina, dau. of the late Bp. Graves, of 
Limerick. Bes., Port House, Alexandria. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Sara Louisa, dau. of M. J. Ryan, Esq.), mar. 
1887, as 2nd wife, Sir Arthur Wm. Blomfield, 
A.R.A., Architect to Bank of England (d. 1899). 
Bes., Springfield, Broadway S.O., Wore. 

BLOMFIELD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 
1904), D.S.O. (1898), Lanes. Fus. ; Nile 1898, 
S. Africa 1899-1902, late comdg. Harrismith and 
Natal Sub-Dist., was A.A.G. Bombay 1897-8: 
b. 1855. Club, Army and Navy. 

BLOOD, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Bindon Blood, 
K.C.B.(Mil. i896),R.E.,servedinJowakiExpedn., 
S. Africa 1879, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt, and 
Chitral Relief, comd. Frontier Field Forces 1897-8 ; 
a Div. in S. Africa 1901, now Nthn. Comd., 
India: b. 1842, mar. 1883 Charlotte Elizabeth, 
dau. of Sir Auckland Colvin, K.C.S.I. Bes., 
Cranagher, Ennis, Co. Clare ; Rawal Pindi, 
Punjab. 

BLOOMFIELD, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 
1st Bn. Playfair. 

BLOSSE (LYNCH-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Lynch-Blosse, 11th Bt. {Irel. 1622), son of 10th 
Bt., b. 1857, sue. 1893. Heir pres., his bro. 
Capt. Robert L.-B. (b. 1861 ; 2nd heir, next bro., 
Francis, b. 1868). Seat, Athavallie, Balla S.O., 
Co. Mayo. 

BLOUNT, Baronet. Sir Walter de Soding- 
ton Blount, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1642), a D.L. for 
Worcestersh. : son of 8th Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1881, 
mar. 1874 Elizabeth Anne Mould, dau. of Jas. Z. 
Williams, Esq., of Cader Idris. Heir, his son 
Walter Aston (b. 1876; 2nd heir, next son, 
Edward Robert, b. 1884). Club, Brooks's. 

BLUNDELL, Col. John Eyles, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
late Hants. Regt. ; China 1863, Afghn. 1879-80, 
Burma 1885-7 an< i 1889-90, was A.A.G. Madras 
1882-7, r et- 1900: b. 1843. Club, Army and 
Navy. 

BLUNDELL-HOLLINSHEAD-BLUNDELL, 
Capt. Dermot Howard, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1900), King's Roy. Rif. Corps; S. Africa 1899- 
1900, late A.D.C. in 4th Army Corps, prev. to 
Gov. of Malta : b. 1874. Bes., 12 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

BLUNDEN, Baronet. Sir William Blunden, 
4th Bt. {Irel. 1766), B.A., M.B., L.R.C.S.I., 
L.M.K.Q.C.P. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1840, sue. 1890, 
mar. 1879 Florence Caroline, dau. of Hy. Shuttle- 
worth, Esq., of N.Z. Heir, his son John (b. 
1880 ; 2nd heir, next son, Eric Overington, b. 
1892). Seat, Castle Blunden, Kilkenny. 

BLUNT, now the family name of the Crom artie 
Earldom (no representative known by the name) . 

BLUNT, Baronet. Sir John Harvey Blunt 
8th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1720), late Capt. Roy. Dub. Fus., 



150 BliTT 



D irectory 



of Peerage, 



BOL 



served in Indian Mutiny 1857-9 : kro. of 7th Bt. 
and grandson of 3rd, b. 2839, sue. 1902, mar. 1870 
Susan, dau. of P. Hoad, Esq. tleir, his son John 
Harvey (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir next son, Walter 
Cecil, b. 1877). lies., The Priory, Lamberhurst 
S.O., Kent. 

BLUNT, Bishop— see "Hull." 

BLUNT, Knight. Sir John Elijah Blunt, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1878), late Cons.-Gen. at 
Boston, U.S.A., prev. at Salonica, was a Ch. 
Interpr. in Crimean War, and lias held several 
diplomatic apptmts. : b. 1832, mar. 1858 Fanny 
Janet, dau. of D. Sandison, Esq. Club, Athe- 
naeum. 

BLUNT, Lady Anne Isabella Noel, dau. of 
1st E. of Lovelace and heiress pres. to Went- 
worth Barony. 

BLUNT, Lady Florence Catherine, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BLYTH, Baronet. Sir James Blyth, 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1895), F.K.S.S., Vice-Pres. of this and of 
Soc. of Arts, an extensive agriculturist, is on the 
Exec, of Brit. Emp. League, a Gov. of the Gordon 
Memor. Coll. at Khartoum, also of St. Barthol.'s 
Hosp., and Gov. or Vice-Pres. of numerous Agric. 
Socs. (Dairy Farmers', Jersey Cattle, National 
Poultry, &c), also a Dir. of W. & A. Gilbey, a 
memb. League of Mercy: son of the late Jas. 
Blyth, Esq., of Chelmsford; b. 1841, widower. 
Heir, his son Herbert William (b. 1868; 2nd 
heir, next son, James Audley, b. 1874). Seat, 
Blythwood, Stansted S.O., Essex, nr. Bp.'s 
Stortford; town res., 33 Portland PL, W. 

BLYTH, Bishop — see "Jerusalem." 

BLYTHSWOOD, Baron. Archibald Camp- 
bell Campbell, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
LL.D., V.D., Lord Lieut, of Benfrewsh. and a 

B. L. for Lanarks. and Co. of City of Glasgow, 
an A.D.C. to H.M., Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. 
Highld. L.I., and of 4th Batt. Prss. Louise's 
Higbldrs. (Mil.), formerly Lt.-Col. of Scots Gds. 
(served in Crimea) , twice an M.P. : son of the late 
Archibald Douglas, Esq. (aftds. Campbell), of 
Mains and Blythswood ; b. Feb. 22, 1835; cr. Bn. 
1892 {€.) ; mar. 1864 Hon. Augusta Clementina 
Cariugton, dau. of 2nd Bn. Carrington. Seat, 
Blythswood House, Renfrew; town res., 2 Sea- 
more PL, Curzon St., W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Et. 1880 : Bn. Blythswood, 1892 
(with remainder to his bros. in default of male issue). 
— Descended from the same line as the Dukes of Argyll. 
An ancestor had in 1705 exchanged his patronymic for 
Douglas, but the present Peer's father restored the other 
name 

Heir pres. (under above remainder), his next bro. : 
Rev. Sholto Douolas Campbell-Douglas, M. A. for- 
merly Beet, of All Saints, Marylebone : b. 1839, 
mar. 1839 Violet Mary, dau. of the late Gen. 
Lord Alfred H. Paget, O.B., assumed 1869 in 
addition the former surname Douglas. Res., 
Douglas Support, Coatbridge, Lanarks. (2nd heir, 
his nephew Archibald James Hamilton Douglas 
Campbell, son of deceased 2nd bro., b. 1884.) 

BOAK, Knight. Hon. Sir Robert Book, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), Pres. Legisl. Counc. of Nova Scotia 
— hence "Hon.," is Dir. of Union Bank, N.S. : 
b. 1822. Bes., 3 Fawson St., Halifax, N.S. 

BOABDMAN, Vice-Adm. Frederick Ross, 

C. B. (Mil. 1885), Egypt 1882, Soudan and Nile 
Expedns., ret. 1899: b. 1843. Bes., 5 South 
Row, Blackheath, S.E. 

BOBBILI, Raja op. Maharaja Sir Venkata- 
sveta Chhala-Pathi Ranga Rao, Bahadur, 
K.C.I.E. (1895), an M.L.C. Madras, M.R.A.S., 
has erected a High School and other pub. bdgs. 
at Bobbili, is hered. Raja of Bobbili, but Maha- 



raja is a personal title only : b. 1862, mar. thrice. 
Bes,, Bobbili, Vizagapatam, Madras : Gopal Bagh, 
Mount Rd., Madras. 

BOCQUET, Roland Roscoe Charles, CLE. 
(1878), was Engr. on Scinde and Delhi and Sth. 
Amer. Rails., rendered spec. serv. during Madras 
Famine 1876 : b. 1839. Bes., VilliersRd., Southsea. 

BODE (Bode), Maj. Louis William, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 1st Roy. Scots.; Zululd. 1879 and 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. i860. 

BODKIN, Knight's Widow {remrrd. and known 
as Mrs. Silver : Sarah Constance, dau. of the late 
J. J. Miles, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1865, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Wm. H. Bodkin, Assist. Judge Middx. Sessions 
(d. 1874) ; 2ndly, 1875, S. W. Silver, Esq. Bes., 
Letcombe Manor, Wantage, Berks. ; 3 York Gt., 
Reg. Pk.,N.W. 

BODLE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
Brit. S. Afr. Police ; Matabeleld. 1893 and 1896, 
Boer War 1900, now in comd. of Amalgd. Divs. 
of same Police : b. 1853. Bes., Johannesburg. 

BOEHM, Baronet. Sir Edgar Collins Boehm, 
2nd Bt. {U.K. 1889), F.R.G.S., late Lieut. Car- 
digan Artill. : son of 1st Bt. (a distinguished 
sculptor and Royal Academician), b. 1870, sue. 
1890. Heir, none. Bes., unfixed. 

BOEVEY (CRAWLEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Thomas Hvde Grawley-Boevey , 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 
1784), V.D., Verderer of Dean Forest, Hon. Col. 
2nd Vol. Batt. Glouc. Regt. retired, formerly 
Lieut. 69th Foot, High Sheriff of Glouc. 1882 : 
son of 4th Bt., b. 1837, sue. 1862, widower. 
Heir, his son Francis Hyde (b. 1868; 2nd heir, 
letter's son Launcelot Valentine Hyde, b. 1900). 
Seat, Flaxley Abbey, Newnham, Glouc. 

BOILEAU {pron. as French), Baronet. Sir 
Maurice Colborne Boileau, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1838). 
M.A., a D.L. for Norfolk and for City of 
Norwich : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1900. 
Heir pres., his bro. Raymond Frederic (b. i858; 
2nd heir, a son of late Edmond B., 3rd son of 1st 
Bt.). Seats, Ketteringham Park, Wymondham, 
Norfolk ; Hethel and Tacolneston Halls, and 
Fundenhall Grange— all nr. Norwich. 

BOILEAU, Baronet's Widow. Lady 2?. (Lucy 
Henrietta, dau. of Sir Geo. E. Nugent, 2nd Bt. 
of Waddesdon), mar. i860 Sir Fras. Geo. M. 
Boileau, 2ndBt., F.S.A. (d. 1900). Bes., Kettering- 
ham Pk., as above. 

BOILEAU, Col. Francis William, C.B. (Mil. 
1891), LA. Supermini. List; Mutiny 1857-9, 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1878-9 : b. 1835. Bes., 
Elstowe, Camberley, Surrey. 

BOIS, Knight. Sir Stanley Bois, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), of Colombo, Ceylon. 

BOLAND, Capt. Simon B., D.S.O. (1902), 
Q.nsland. Contgt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 1875. Bes., 
Railway Dept., Brisbane. 

BOLINGBROKE and ST. JOHN {pron. Sin'- 
jun), Viscount. Vernon Henry St. John, 6th 
Vise. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., a miuor : son of 5th V. ; 
b. March 15, 1896 ; sue. 1S99. Scat, Lydiard Pk., 
Swindon, Wilts. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. 1611. (it. Br. : Vise. Boling- 
broke and Bn. St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, 1712 ; Vise. 
St. John and Bn. St. John of Battersea, 1716.— The second 
pair of creations elevated Sir Henry St. John, 4th Bt. 
(a descendant of the ancestors of the St. John of Bletso 
Bny.), to the Viscty. of St. John ; the former pair had 
already been granted to his eldest son, the statesman 
and writer so well known as the friend and patron of 
Pope. (The Roll of the Peers still gives this title with 
a blank, apparently as the result of the mystery observed 
by the late Peer as to his marriage and the birth of an 
heir. It may thus remain till the present Viscount 
grows up and substantiates his claim.) 



Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. !60N 15 1 



BOL 



HEIR PRESOlr^riVE. 

EeV. Ma^rIce William Ferdinand St. John, T5.D., 
Canon of Gloucester, grandson of 3rd Vise, and 
1st cons, once rem. of present; b. 1827, widower. 
Res., The Cloister House, Gloucester. (2nd heir, his 
son Henry Percy, b. 1834.) 

BOLINGBROKE and ST. JOHN, Viscount's 
Widow. Viscountess B. & St. J. (Mary Emily 
Elizabeth, dau. of Robt. Howard, Esq.), mar. 
1893 5th Vise. Bolingbroke (d. 1899). Ees., with 
present Visct. 

BOLITHO, Maj. "Willtam Edward Thomas, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late Maj. Boy. 1st Devon Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1862. Res., York 
House, Penzance ; Hannaford, Ashburton, Devon. 

BOLS, Maj. Louis Jean, D.S.O. (1900-1), Devon 
Regt. ; Burma 1891-2, Chitral Belief, and S. 
Africa 1899-1902, now Com. of a Co. of Gentn. 
Cadets : b. 1867. 

BOLSOVEB, Baron {U.K. 1880)— see "Port- 
land, D. of." 

BOLTON, Baron. William Thomas Orde- 
Powlett (pron. Pawlet), 4th Bn. (Gt. Br.), F.S.A., 
a D.L. and CO for North Bid', of Yorks., late 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Yorks. Hussars 
Imper. Yeom. : son of 3rd Bn.; b. Jan. 31, 1845 5 
sue. 1895 (C.) ; mar. i858 Lady Algitha Frederica 
Mary Lumley, dau. of 9th E. of Scarbrough. 
Seats, Bolton Hall, Leyburn S.O., Yorks. ; 
Hackwood Pk., Basingstoke, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Bolton, Gt. Br. 1797.— The xst Bn., 
Thos. Orde, was Secretary to the Treasury, and after- 
wards to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, also a P.C. 
of that kingdom. On inheriting part of the estates of 
the 5th Luke of Bolton he adopted the additional name of 
Powlett (that borne by the Lakes having been Pawlet 
or Paulet; the title was attached to the Winchester 
Marquessate so long as it lasted, 1689-1794). 

Titled Relatives. 
(Orde-Powlett.) 
Issue of present (4th) Bn. : 

Hon. William George Algar O.-P., heir to Barony, 
a D.L. for N. Hid., Maj. 1st Vol. Batt. Yorks. Regt.: 
b. 1869, mar. 1893 Hon. Elizabeth Mary Gibson, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Ashbourne (Hon. Mrs. Orde- 
Powlett). Res., Wensley Hall, Leyburn S.O., 
Yorks. (and heir, his son William Percy, b. 1894.) 
The deceased Algitha AlkeldaBrenda O.-P., b.&d.xfyi. 
The late Rhoda Lclia Alice O.-P., b. 1875, d. 1890. 
Hon. Myra Rowena Sibell, now Mchss. of Exeter, b. 
1879, mar. 1901 5th Marq. of E., q.v. 
Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Henry Robert O.-P., M.A., barrister-at-Iaw, b. 

1846, mar. 1877 Henrietta Cathcart, dau. of the late 

Jno. R. de Trafford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Henry O.-P.). 

Res., 2 Queensberry PI., S. Kens., S.W. 
Hon. Jean Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus Cathcart, 

b. 1848, mar. 1866 Col. Hon. Aug. Murray C, son 

of 2nd Earl Cathcart, q.v. 

Sist.~in-law of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1818, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Mrs. Amias O.-P. (Anne Martha, dau. of the 
late Christopher Topham, Esq.), mar. 1852 the late 
Hon. Amias Charles O.-P. (d. 1899). Res., Thorney 
Hall, Spennithome, Leyburn S.O., Yorks. 

BOLTON, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). Lady 
I). (Julia Maria, dau. of the late B. Mathews, Esq.) , 
mar., 1st, 1866, Col. Sir Fras. J. Bolton (d. 1887) ; 
2ndly, 1890, Wm. A. Rixon, Esq.— retaining title 
by courtesy. Bes., Tuxkdean Manor, Northleach 
S.O., Glouc. 

BOLTON, Charles Walter, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Ch. Sec. to Bengal Govt, and a memb. of 
Counc. of Viceroy, now Acting Ch. Commissr. 
Assam : b. 1850. 

BOLTOUN, Baron THIRLESTANE and 
(Scot. 1624)— see "Lauderdale, E. of." 



BOMBAY, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Ruthven Pyni, 6tb Bp., la,te6thBp. of Mauritius, 
formerly Vicar' of Rothcrhim and Bur. Dean Of 
Sheffield : b. 1856, cons. 1898, trans. 1963, 
widower. Bes., Dilkoorh, Pooha. 

BOMFORD, Surg-.-Gen. Gerald, C.I.E. (1903), 
M.D., I.M.S., Perak 1875-6, late Prine. of the 
Med. Coll., Calcutta, now Dir. -Gen. of Ind. Med. 
Serv. : b. 1851. Bes., Simla. 

BONCAMBI (Ital. spelling "Boncambj"). 
Contessa Federico Pucci, dau. of late Ctss. of 
Newburgh. 

BOND, Knight's Widow (by elevation). Lady 
B. (Caroline Frances, dau. of the late Bev. R. H. 
Barham, author of 'Ingoldsby Legends'), mar. 
1847 Edwd. A. Bond, Esq., C.B., late of Brit. Mus., 
who was nominated for K.C.B. 1898, but died 
before investiture : she was aftds. granted rank of 
a Kt's. widow, lies. , 64 Prince's Sq. , Bayswater, W. 

BOND, Priv. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir Robert Bond, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1902), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), LL.D., Prem. and (3rd time) Colon. Sec. of 
Newfoundland, formerly Speaker of House of 
Assembly, was official Delegate to Fishery and 
Reciprocity Confs. : b. 1857. Bes., St. John's and 
Whitbourne, Newfdld. 

BOND, Lieut. Charles Earbery, D.S.O. (1902), 
Boy. Sussex Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOND, Engr.-Com. Edmund Edward, D.S.O. 
(1898), B.N., Nile Flotilla 1898: b. 1865. 

BOND, Col. Francis George, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), B.E., Zululd. 1879, Egypt, Hazara 1891, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1901-2, now an A.Q.M.G. 
at Headqrs. : b. 1856. Club, IT. Serv. 

BOND, Maj. Beginald Copleston, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Yorks. Lt. Inf.; Zhob Fd, Force 1890, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1866. 

BOND, Col. Wensly James Hodson, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I. A., Burma 1885-8, Chin-Lushai 
1889-90, Chitral Relief, Dongola, N.W. Frontier 
1897-8, and China : b. 1854. 

BOND, Maj.-Gen. William Dunn, C.B. (Mil. 
1886) , Zululd. i879,Transvaal 1881 , retired 1893 : b. 
1836. Bes., Dullerton, Londonderry. 

BONHAM, Baronet. Sir George Francis 
Bonlmm, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1852), M.A., Brit. Mia. 
in Switzerld., prev. Servia, late Sec. to Embs. at 
Borne and Madrid and to Legat. at the Hague 
and Lisbon : son of 1st Bt., b. 1847, sllc - 1863, 
mar. 1871 Louisa, dau. of Bt. Hon. Sir And. 
Buchanan, 1st Bt., G.C.B. Heir, his son Capt. 
George Lionel B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Eric HHenry, b. 1875). Seat, Knowle, Cranleigh, 
Guildford ; res., Brit. Legat., Berne. 

BONHAM, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1906), Hon. 
Col. Bengal Artill. retd. : b. 1834. Bes., Ballin- 
taggart, Co. Kildare ( ? post-town). 

BONSER, Priv. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir John Winfield Bonser, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
Kt. Bach. (1894), MA. , late Ch. Justice of Ceylon, 
prev. of Straits Settmts., where he had been 
Attom.-Gen., was formerly an Inns of Ct. 
Examiner, is a memb. of Judic. Cmttee. of P.C. : 
b. 1847, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, Mary Catherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hon. Sir Wm. J. Colville, 
K.C.V.O., bro. of 9th Bn. Colville of Culross. 
.Res., 3 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BONTINE (GBAHAM-), Hon. Mrs. William, 
sist. of 14th Bn. Elphinstone. 

BONUS, Lt.-Col. William Joh*, D.S O. 
(1900-1), comg. 2nd Batt. Dorset Regt.. ; S. Africa 
1899-1902, late D.A.A.G. Belfast Dist. : b. 1862. 

BONYTHON, Knight. Sir John Langdon 
Bonython, Kt. Bach. (1898), proprietor of the 



152 BOO 



Directory of Peerage, 



Adelaide Advertiser and other journals, Pres. S. 
Austral. Sch. of Mines and of S. AilStral. Branch 
of Koy. Geograph. Soc, Chmn. of GoYt. Agric. 
Coll., late of Adelaide Sch. Bd., a memb. of first 
House of Repres. of Austral. Commonwealth : 
b. 1848, mar. 1870 Marie Louise Erederica, dau. 
of D. B. Balthasar, Esq., of Berlin. Res., 
Carclew. Adelaide ; Carminow, Mount Lofty, S.A. 

BOOKEY.Col. John Thomas Brownrigg, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I. M.S. retd. (1905) ; Jowaki and 
other Ind. campaigns 1877-97, China 1900-1, 
Mahsud Waziri 1902, late Brine. Med. Offr. at 
i Kohat: b. 1846. Bes., Kohat, Bunjab. 

BOON, Capt. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), E. Kent 
Begt., late Omr. and Hon. Capt. ; Malay States 
1874-5, S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1846. Bes., The 
Homestead, Wastboro, Canterbury. 

BO OBI) {pron. as Board"), Baronet. Sir 
(Thomas) William Board, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1896), 
V.D., E.S.A., partner in the firm of Boord & Son, 
distillers, a Gov. of St. Barthol.'s Hosp., a Dir. of 
Land, and Brov. Bk., and memb. of Boy. Inst., 
anM.B. 1873-95 (C.) and retd. Capt. 1st Vol. Batt. 
Bang's Roy. Bifle Corps : son of the late Joseph 
Boord, Esq., of Harefield Grove; b. 1838, mar. 
1861 Margaret d'Almaine, dau. of the late Thos. 
G. Mackinlay, Esq. Heir, his son William 
Arthur (b. 1862; 2nd heir, next son, Harry 
Bercy, b. 1868). Seat, Oldbury PI., Ightham, 
Sevenoaks. 

BOOTH, Briv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Charles 
Booth, B.C. {6t.Br. 1904), D.C.L., D.Sc, F.B.S., 
F.R.S.S. (late Pres.;, an authority on the con- 
dition of the poor, a subject upon -which he has 
written many works ; a partner in Alfred Booth 
and Co., ship-owners, Liverpool : b. 1840, mar. 
1871 Mary, dau. of Charles Zachary Macaulay, 
E,sq. Bes., Gracedieu Manor, Leic. (? post-town); 
24 Gt. Cumberland Bl., W. 

BOOTH, Maj. Willi am Henry, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
E. Kent Begt. retd. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as 
A.D.C. : b. 1862. 

BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet. Sir Josslyn 
Augustus Richard Gore-Booth, 6th Bt. {Irel. 
1760), formerly Lieut. 5th Batt. Roy. Munst. Bus. 
{Mil-) • son of 5th Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1900. Heir 
prps f , hi,s bro. Mordaunt (b. 1878 ; 2nd heir, their 
1st cqus. once rem., Bobert Henry G.-B., b. 1838). 
Seat, Lissadell, nr. Sligo. 

BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet's Widow. Lady 
Q-,"B. (Georgina Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. 
Ohas. J. Hill), mar. 1867 Sir Henry W. Gore- 
Booth, §th Bt. (d. 1900). Bes., with present Bt. 

BOOTH (SCLATEB-), family name of Basing 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons," 

BOOTHBY, Baronet. Sir Brooke Boothby, 
11th Bt. {Eng. 1660, desig. 1644), a Counc. of 
EJmb., Sec. to Brit. Emb. at Vienna, prev. to Legat. 
a£ Bru ss al s > formerly at Tokio and Bio, and 2nd 
Sec! in B?it- Emb. Baris : son of 10th Bt., b. 1856, 
sue. iS§§. Heir pres., his bro. Charles Brancis 
(b. 1858 ; and heir, next bro., Rev. Herbert 
Cecil B., b. 18&3), Bes,, Brit. Emb., Vienna. 

BOOTHBY, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Martha Serena, dau. of the late Rev. Chas. 
Boothby), mar. 1852 her 1st cousin, Bev. Sir 
Brooke Wm. B. Boothby, 10th Bt. (d. 1865). 
Bqs.. 43 Medina Villas, Hove, Brighton; 18 
Evelyn Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BOOTHBY, Jqsjaii, C.M.G. (1878), formerly 
Under Sec. and Govt. Statist, S. Australia : b. 
1837. Res., 158 Barnard St., Nth. Adelaide. 

BOPBE,Lucien, CLE. (1885), Hon. Dir. of Sch. 
of Forestry at Nancy, France ; b. 1834. 



BOB, Col. James Henry, C.M.G. (1899), j 
A.A-G- to B.M. ; vai'idus services in Crete, | 
Bombay, and Cyprus, and as a Turk. Intsrp., is 
an A.D.C. to H.M., and was A.D.C. to H.B.H. I 
the present Prince of Wales during his Colonial 
tour, now an Extra Equerry: b. 1857. Club, U. 1 
Serv. 

BORDEN, Knight. Hon. Sir Brederick 
William Borden, K C.M.G. (1902), M.D., D.C.L., . 
LL.D., Minister of Militia and Defence for 
Dominion of Canada, Hon. Col. Canad. Mil. 
Army Med. Corps and a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1847, mar. 1884, 2nd wife, Bessie B., 
dau. of Jno. H. Clarke, Esq. Bes., Stradaeona 
Hall, Ottawa ; Canning, Nova Scotia. 

BOBEEL, Baronet. Sir Jacob Willem 
Gustaaf Bored, 10th Bt. {Eng. 1645), Burgo- 
master of Haarlem and Chamberlain to the 
Queen of the Netherlds. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, 
sue. 1883, mar. 1898, 2nd wife, Cornelie Marie, 
dau. of H. M. van Weede, Chambn. to the late 
King of Holland. Heir pres., his 2nd cous. 
Alfred Montalto B. (b. 1849 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
nephew Francis William Robert B., b. 1882). 
Bes., Waterland, Velsen, Nth. Holland. 

*#* The pedigree of this line has been omitted to be 
registered, but ' Burke ' gives it complete and accepts the 
above Bt. without demur. 

BOBINGDON, Baron {Gt. Br. 1784)— see 
" Morley, E. of." 

BORINGDON, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title 
of E. of Morley, borne by the heir when a son. 

BOBRADAILE, Col. George William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1882), R.A., Egyptian Campaign 1882, ret. 
1894, was A.A.G. Bombay 1884-9 : b. 1838. Ad- 
dress, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., Charing: Cross, S.W. 

BOBRADAILE, Lt.-Col. Harry Benn, D.S.O. 
(1895), I- A., Burma 1885-9, Sikkim, and Chitral 
Belief : b. i860. 

BORRETT, Maj .-Gen. Herbert Charles, C.B. 
(Civ. 1902), Abyss. 1867-8, late Insp.-Gen. of 
Auxil. Forces and Becruiting at Headqrs., ret. 
1903 : b. 1841. Club, IT. Serv. 

BORROWES, Baronet. Sir Kildare Dixon 
Borrowes, 10th Bt. {Irel. 1646), a D.L. for Kildare 
(High Sheriff 1902), Lt.-Col. retd. (1895), formerly 
Maj. 11th Hussars, now of S. of Ireld. Imper. 
Yeom. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1898, mar. 
1886 Julia Aline, dau. of the late, Wm. Holden, 
Esq., and sist. of Lady Howard de Walden. 
Heir pres., his bro. Eustace (b. 1866; 2nd heir, 
their half-bro. Walter, b. 1892). Seat, Barrets- 
town Castle, Ballymore Eustace, Naas, Co. Kildare. 

BOBROAVES, Baronet's Widow. Florence, 
Lady B. (Florence Elizabeth, dau. of the late Wm. 
Buxton, Esq.), mar. 1887, as 2nd wife. Sir 
Erasmus D. Borrovves, 9th Bt. (d. 1898). Bes., 
The Seasons, Ballymore Eustace, as above. 

BORTHWICK, family name of Bortiiwick 
and Glenesk Baronies — seethe former (below) for 
Hons. 

BORTHWICK, Baron. Archibald Batrtck 
Thomas Borthwick, 17th Bn. {Scot.), a Scottish 
Repres Beer (el. 1906) : son of 16th Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 3, 1867; sue. 1885 (C.) ; mar. 1901 Susanna 
Mary, dau. of Sir Mark J. MacTaggart-Stewart, 
1st Bt. Heir, none. Seats, Ravenstone Castle, 
Whithorn S.O., Wigtownsh. ; town res., 2 Upp. 
Grosvenor St. , W. 

Creation. Ld. Borthwick, Scot. 1452.— Sir Wm. Borth- 
wick, Keeper of Edinburgh Castle, is given as the 1st 
Peer, and ' Burke ' relates of him that he was "promi- 
nent among the magnates who habitually plundered the 
Customs." The Peerage has been more than once dor- 
mant through reluctance of the successors to assume the 



BOB, 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BQU 153 



.title. Recently It was a question whether it was open to 
female succession, but it never has been so held. We 
read in 'Burke,' " No instrument of creation is extant) 
but the investitures of the lands seom to have been to 
heirs male." 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bortkwick.) 
I Issue of present ( 1 7^7* ) Bn.: 

Hon. Isolde Frances B., b. 1903. 

Issue of 16th Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Gabrielle Margaret Ariana B., b. x366. 
(Present Baron, b. 1867. ) 

Hon. Alice Rachel Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 

Campbell, b. 186S, mar. 1893 Capt. Alex. Straton C. 

Res., Weasenham, Hwaffham, Norfolk. 
Hon. Violet Dagmar Marion Olga, now Hon. Mrs. 

Lewis Freeland, b. 1871, mar. 1900 Capt. Lewis 

Grey F. Res., Moat House, Gestingthorpe, Castle 

Hedingham S.O., Essex. 
-Hon. Mary Frances Harriet, now Hon. Mrs.Chaloner 

Dowdall, b. 1876, mar. 1897 Harold ChalonerD., Esq. 

Res., 28 Alexandra Drive, Liverpool. 

Daus. of 15th Bn. de jure (1st cousins of present, 
the 15th and 16th having been bros.) : 
Hon. Louisa Ramsay, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Wylie, 
b. 184-, mar. 1873 Col. Hy. P. Miles W. 
■ Hon. Mary Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. William Spens, 
b. 1846, mar. 1870 Wm. Geo. S., Esq. Res., 3 Bel- 
grave PL, Edinburgh. 

i BOETHWICK, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Harriet Alice, dau. of T. Hermitage 
Day, Esq.), mar. 1865 16th Bn. Borthwick (d. 
1885). Bes., Eavenstone Castle, with the Peer. 

BOETHWICK, Master of, title of heir to 
above Barony when a son. 

BOETHWICK, Lt.-Col. Alexander, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1903), Ch. Const, of the Lothians and 
Beebles~sh., late Eifle Brigade : b. 1829. Bes., 35 
Palmerston PL, Edinburgh. 

BOSTON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Caroline Mary Georgina, dau. of Eev. Jno. F. 
Close), mar. 1850 Gen. Sir Arth. Borton, G.C.B., 
formerly Gov. of Malta (d. 1893). lies., 105 Eaton 
PL, S.W. 

BOSTON", Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), Norfolk Eegt. retd. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Burma 
1887-9, and S. Africa 1901-2, now comdg. Norfolk 
Vol. Inf. Brigade : b. 1S57. 

BOEW1CK, Knight. Sir Robert Hudson 
Bonvich, Kt. Bach. (1902), b. 1845, mar. 1872 Caro- 
line Smith, dau. of Rev. E. D. Johnston. Res., 
Eden Lacy, Lazonby S.O., Cumbd.; 16 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

BOSANQUET, Knight. Adm. Sir Day Hort 
Bosanquet, K.C.B. (Mil. 1905), a D.L. for Here- 
ford, Com.-in-Ch. at Portsmouth, prev. on N. 
American Station : b. I843, mar. 1881 Mary, dau 
of Col. Thos. B. Butt. Bes., Brom-y-Clos, Here- 
ford, 

BOSCAWEN, family name of Falmouth Vis- 

20unty, q.v. for " Hons. " and " Ladies" (mrrd.). 
BOSCA WEN-ROSE, Baron (67*. Br. 1720) 

—see " Falmouth, Vise." 
BOSTON, Baron. George Florance Irbij, 
j 5th Bn. (Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., a D.L. for 
( Anglesey, formerly a Lord-in- Waiting to Queen 

Victoria : son of 5th Bn. ; b. Sept. 6, i860 ; sue. 1877 
I [Indep.) ; mar. 1890 his cousin Cecilia Constance, 

lau. of the late Hon. Aug. A. F. Irby, son of the 
I }rd Bn. Seats, Hedsor, Bourne End S.O., Bucks. ; 
! r -Jigwy, Moelfre, Anglesey, Menai Bridge S.O. 
' Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1704 ; Bn. Boston, Gt. Br. 1761. 

-Sir Wm. Irby, 2nd Bt., M.P. for Launceston and 

jodmin, was the 1st Bn. ; he afterwards held several 

ugh ofhees about the Court. 
I — - ; 



Titl-ed Relatives. 
{Irby.) 

Surviving issue of $th Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

(Present Baron, b. 186c.) 

Hon. Cecil Saumare?, /.,heif pfe&i to Eaiohy, formerly 
Capt. 7th Batt, King's Roy. Rifle Corps (Mil.): 
1). 1862, mar. 1885 Florence Augusta, dau. of the late 
Clement Upton-Cottrell-Dormer, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Cecil 1.). Res., : Hitcham Grange, Taplow, Maiden* 
head. (2nd heir, his son Greville Northey, b. i83q.) 

Hon. Alice Fanny Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. Gordon 
Deedes,h. 1863, mar. 1890 Gordon Fredc. D., Esq- 
Kes.,Hillhurst, Hythe, Kent. 

Hon. Gilbert Neville /., late Hon. Attache in Diplom. 
Serv. and Lieut. 1st Argyll Vols. : b. 1864, mar. 
1891 Esme, dau. of the late Geo. O. Edwards, 
Esq. (Hon. Mrs.' Gilbert /.). Res., Glenaethwy, 
Bangor, Carnarvs. 

Hon. Winifred Mary, now Hon. Lady Johnston, b. 
i87i ; mar. 1896 Sir Harry H.Johnston, G.C.M.G., 
see ''Johnston, Kt. (1)." 

Issue of 4th Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Rachael Fanny Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 

Vansittart, b. 1831, mar. 1857 the late Aug. Arth. 

V., Esq. (d. i832). 
(The late 5th Baron, b. 1837, d. 1877.) 

Issue of 3rd Bn. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1802, d. 1369.) 
Rev. the Hon. Llewellyn Charles Robert 1., M.A., 

late Rect. of Whiston: b. 1822, mar. 1845 Margaret 

Emily, dau. of the late Jonathan Bullock, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Llewellyn I.). Res., Irby House, 

Whiston, Northampton, 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Augustus 7. (Jessie Augusta, dau. of Sir 
Thos. Montgomery-Cuninghame, 8th Bt.), mar. 
1866 the late Hon. Augustus Anthony Frederick I. 
(d. 1870). Res. 5 Queen's Gdns., Osborne Rd., 
Windsor. 

BOSTON, Barons' Widows. (1) Caroline, 
Lady B., nee Hon. Caroline Amelia Saumarez, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, b. 1839, mar. i85i, 
as 2nd wife, 4th Bn. Boston, grandfather of present 
Peer (d. 1869), she herself being step-mother 
of the 5th Bn., who mar. her sist. the follg. Bes., 
Villa St. Eaphael, Tankerton, Whitstable. — 
(2) Augusta Caroline, late Baroness, but now 
adopting the style of "Hon. Lady Anderson," 
sist. of above Lady B. and mother of present 
Bn. : see " Anderson, Kts.' Wids." 

BOSWALL (HOUSTOUN-), Baronet. Sir 
George Lauderdale Houstoun - Boswall, 3rd 
Bt. {U.K. 1836), a D.L. and Convener for Ber- 
wicksh., late Capt. Gren. Gds. : son of 2nd Bt., 
b. 1847, sue. 1886, widower. Heir, his son George 
Eeginald, Lieut. Gren. Gds.(b. 1877; 2nd, heir, 
next son, Thomas Randolph, b. 1882). Seats, 
Blackadder, EdromS.O.,Berwicksh. ; Allanbank, 
Berwick-on-Tweed. 

BOSWELL, Maj.-Gen. John James, C.B. (Mil. 
1881), Miranzai 1856, Mutiny, Eusofzai, Hazara 
1868, Afghn. 1878-80, ret. 1885 and is Col. 
57th Sikhs: b. 1835. Bes., Darnlee, Melrose, 
Eoxb. 

BOTETOUET, Baron {Eng. 1305, confirmed 
1803) — see "Beaufort, D. of." 

BOTREAUX, Baron {Eng. 1368), Imper. title 
of E. of Loudoun. 

BOTTESFOED, Baron {U.K. 1835)— see 
" Canterbury, Vise." 

BOTTOMLEY, Lt.-Col. Herbert, C.M.G. 
(1901), comdg. Imper. Lt. Horse in S. Africa 
1899-1901 : b. 1866. Bes., Johannesburg. 

BOUCAUT, Knight. Hon Sir James Penn 
Boucaut, K.C.M.G. (1898), a Judge of Supr. Ct. S. 
Australia, formerly Attorney-Gen., three times 



154 box; 



Premier, and has twice admind. the Govt., appd. 
Q.C. 1875 : b. 1831, mar. 1864 Janet, dau. of Alex. 
M'Culloch, Esq. lies., Liverpool Ten*., Glenelg, 
Adelaide. 

BOUCHER, Antotne Alphonse, I.S.O. (1904), 
Assist. Clerk and Master in Chancery to Canad. 
Senate : b. 1831. lies., Ottawa. 

BOUCHER, Capt. Benjamin Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Hants. Regt. ; Burma 1887-9, Chitral 
Relief, and S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1864. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet. Rev. Sir George 
Boughey, 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1798), Rect. of Forton, 
Salop : son of 3rd Bt. and bro. of 4th, b. 1837, sue. 
1906, mar. 1875 Theodosia Mary, dau. of Rev. 
Chas. S. Royds. Heir pres., his bro. William 
Fletcher, Com. R.N. retd. (b. 1840 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Rev. Robert B., b 1843). Seat, Aqua- 
late (St-iffords.), Newport, Salop; res., Forton 
Rect., Newport, Salop. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet's Widow. Annabella, 
Lady B. (Sarah Annabella, dau. of the late 
Harold Littledale, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Thos. F. 
Boughey, 4th Bt. (d. 1906). 

BOUGHEY, Col. George Fletcher Ottlev, 
C.S.I. (1896), R.E. retd. (1897) ; Bhutan 1865-6, 
and Afghn. 1879-80, is a Commissr. under the 
Light Railways Act 1896 : b. 1844 (grandson of 2nd 
Bt.). Res., 60 Courtfleld Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BOUGHTON (ROUSE-), Baronet. Sir 
William St. Andrew Rouse-Bought on, 12th Bt. 
of Lawford {Eng. 1641) and 4th Bt. of Downton 
(Gt. Br. 1791), son of 11th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1006, 
mar. 1878 Eleanor Frances, dau. of the late Rev. 
Fredk. H. Hotham, descendt. of 2nd Bn. Hotham. 
Heir, his son Edward Hotham, b. 1893 : 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Edward Shuckburgh, b. 1858). Seat, 
Downton Hall, Ludlow, Salop. 

BOULTON, Baronet. Sir Samuel Bagster 
Boulton, istBt. {U.K. 1905), F.R.G.S., A.I.C.E., 
a D.L. for Herts., late Pres. of West Ham Chamb. 
of Commerce and Vice-Pres. of .London ditto : 
son of the late Rev. Thos. Boulton, of S. Africa ; 
b. 1830, mar. 1855 Sophia Louisa, dau. of the late 
Thos. Cooper, Esq., of Newbury. Heir, his son 
Capt. Harold Edwin B., M.V.O., q.v. (2nd heir, 
latter's son Denis Duncan Harold Owen, b. 
1892). Seat, Copped Hall, Totteridge, Whetstone, 
N. 

BOULTON, Maj. Charles Percy, DJ3.0. 

1902) , B.A., Beds. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-2 ; b. 1867. 

BOULTON. Harold Edwin, M.V.O. (4th Class, 

1903) , M. A., Hon. Manager or official in several 
charitable institutions, a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jems., Hon. Treas. to Queen Victoria's Jubilee 
Inst, for Nurses, a Dir. of Burt, Boulton, and 
Hay ward : b. 1859 (heir to above Btcy.). Res., 
167 Victoria St.,' S.W. 

BOURDILLON, Knight. Sir James Austin 
Bourdillon, K.C.S.I. (1904), V.D., late M.L.C. 
Bengal (twice), also Ch. Sec. and Acting Lt. -Gov., 
has been Insp.-Gen. of Registration, &c, Com- 
missr. of Patna, and Maj. Behar Lt. Horse 
Vols., now Resid. in Mysore and Ch. Commissr. 
of Coorg : b. 1848, mar. 1887 Mary Wake, dau. of 
Jno. M. Lowis. Esq. Res., The Residency, Mysore. 

BOURINOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Isabelle, dau. of the late Jno. Cameron, Esq.), 
mar. 1889, as 3rd wife, Sir Jno. G. Bourinot, 
K.C.M.G., Clerk of the H. of Commons, Canada 
(d. 1902). Res., Tyldesley PI., Ottawa; Kings- 
mGTG Q/ugIdgc. 

BOURKE (pron. Burk), family name of Mayo 
Earldom, q.v. for " Ladies " and "Hons." 

BOURKE, Lt.-Col. Henry Beresford, D.S.O. 



BOW 



(1894) late 3rd W. I. Regt. 5" West Africa 1892-4- 
and 1898-9 (Sierra Leone) : b. 1855 (gt. grandson 
of 4th E. of Mayo). Club, U. Serv. 

BOURNE, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.)— see 
under " Ely, 3rd M." (now Lady Marion Wetter). 

BOURNE, Hugh Clarence, C.M.G. (1906), 
M.A., Colon. Sec. for Jamaica. 

BOUSFIELD, Knight. Sir Willi am Bousfield, 
Kt. Bach. (1905), Chmn. of Girls' Pub. Day 
Schools Co., formerly L.S.B., and late Master of 
Clothworkers' Co. : b. 1842, mar. 1870 Blanche 
Isabel, dau. of Lt.-Col. Arthur W. Onslow. 
Res., Fairfield, Gt. Bookham, Lcatherhead ; 20 
Hvde Pk. Gate, S.W. 

BOUSFIELD,Lt.-Col.HEN ry Richings,C.M.G. 
(1902), Natal Vols, retd., an advocate of Supr. Ct. 
of Cape and Natal; Zululd. 1879-80 and Boer 
Wars 1881 and 1899-1902: b. 1863. Res., St. 
Andrew's St., Durban. 

BOUTFLOWER, Brsnop— see "Dorking." 

BOUVERIE (PLEYDELL-,) family name of 
Radnor Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
"Hons." 

BOVELL, Knight. Sir Henry Allkyne 
Bovell, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.B., Ch. Justice Brit. 
Guiana, an M.L.C. of Barbados 1883 and Chanc. 
of the Dioc. 1886 : b. 1854. Res., Surrey House, 
Georgetown, Demerara. 

BOVILL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anna, 
dau. of Rev. Jno. T. White, D.D.) , mar. 1876 Hon. 
Sir Elliot C. Bovill, Ch. Just. Straits Settmts. 
(d. 1893). Res., 97 Linden Gdns., Notting Hill, 
W. 

BOVILL, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Basing. 

BO WATER, Knight. Sir Thomas Vanstttart 
Bowater, Kt. Bach. (1906), Sheriff of London in 
year of promotion. 

BOWDEN, Flt.-Surg. Walter, D.S.O. (1894), 
R.N., L.R.C.P., Gambia 1894, in Nav.Med. Serv. 
from 1887 : b. 1859. 

BOWDLER, Col. Cyrtl William Bowdler 
(name doubled), C.B. (Civ. 1902), late 8th Hus- 
sars., a Kt. of Justice St. John Jeras. : b. 1839. 
Club, Army and Navv. 

BOWDON (BUTLER-). Hon. Mrs. John, dau. 
of 12th Bn. Petre. 

BOWDON (BUTLER-), Hon. Mrs. Lancelot, 
dau. of the late Bnss. Grey de Ruthyn. 

BOWELL, Knight. Hon. Sir Mackenzie 
Bowell, K.C.M.G. (1895) , F.R.C.I., a P.C. of Canada 
(1878), late Prime Min., and has been Min. 
of Customs, Defence, Trade, &c. ; formerly a 
journalist and piinter, served as a vol. during 
Fenian outbreak, and retired as Lt.-Col., is ed. 
and proprietor of Belleville Daily Intelligence: b. 
1823, widower. Res., Belleville, Ontario. 

BOWEN Barony (Life Peerage, U.K. 1893) — 
extinct from death of only Bn. in 1894. 

Issue. 
(Bowen.) 

Rev. the Hon. William Edward B., M.A., b. 1862, 
mar. 1890 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Row Canon 
Morse (Hon. Airs. Bowen). Rest., Glenheadon, 
TotlandBay S.O., I. of Wight; 119 Barkston Gdns., 
Earl s Ct., S.W. 

Hon. Maxwell Steele B., late Lieut. Sherwood 
Foresters (Mil.), b. 1865. Res., Bramshott, Liphook 
S.O., Hants. 

Hon. Ethel Kate, now Hon. Mrs. Josiah Wedgwood, 
b. 1869, mar. 1894 Josiah W., Esq. 

BOWEN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Florence, dau. of the late Rev. Thos. Luby, 
D.D., and widow of Rev. Hy. White), mar. 1896, 
2nd wife to 2nd husb., Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. Fergu- 



Directory of Peerage, 



BOW Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BOY 155 



son Bowen, G. C.M.G.* formerly Gov. of Queens- 
land and other Colonies (d. 1899). Res., Rosecliff, 
Luccombe, Shanklin S.O., I.W.; 16 Lowndes St., 
S.W. 

BOWEN", Maj. Charles Otway Cole, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., S. Africa 1399-1901 : b. 1867. 

BOWEN, Capt. Gerard Christopher, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Roy. Munst. Fus. ; Boer War 1899- 
iqoa : b. 1864. 

"BOWEN, Capt. Harry James Ap-Owen. 
D.S.O. (1900-1), S. Africa with Kimberley Light 
Horse 1900: b. 1868. Res., Kington Magna, 
Gillingham, Dorset. 

BOWEN, Paym.-in-Ch. William Herbert, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N. retd., late of H.M.'s 
yachts : b. 1843. Res., 32 Maidstone Rd., Chatham. 

BOWER, Knight. Sir Graham John Bower, 
KXJ.M.G. (1892), Colon. Sec. of Mauritius 
(admind. Govt. 1900-1), Com. R.N. retd., was Im- 
per. Sec. to High Commissr. for S. Africa 1884 : b. 
1848, mar. 1882 Maud Laidley, dau. of Jas. S. 
Mitchell, Esq., of Sydney. Res., Port Louis, 
Maui-itius. 

BOWER, Maj. Robert Lister, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Capt. and Hon. Maj. King's Roy. Rifle Corps 
(Mil.) ; Egypt 1882, Soudan, Nile, Jebu 1892, now 
Ch. Const. N. Riding: b. i860. Res., The West 
House, Thirsk, Yorks. 

BOWERS, Bishop— see " Thetford." 

BOWERS, Capt. Dillon Aldwortii Hare, 
D.S.O. (1902), Cape Mtd. Rifles; Boer War 
1900-2 : b. 1870. Res.. Umtata, Tembuland. 

BOWES, Baron (U.K. 1887), Imper. title of E. . 
of Strathmore andK. (fam. name Bowes-Lyon). 

BOWKER, Capt. William James, D.S.O. 
(1899), Somerset L.I. ; Benin 1899, empld. in 
Roy. Niger Territs. : b. 1869. Res., Lankhill, 
Winchester. 

BOWLBY, Anthony Alfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
F.R.C.S., a Suvg. in Ord. to H.M.'s Househd., 
was Head of the Portland Hosp. in S. Afr. War 
1900, author of several med. works : b. 1855. Res., 
24 Manchester Sq., W. 

BOWLES, Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 
Yorks. Regt. ; Nile 1884-5, Tirah 1897-8, and 
S. Africa 1899-1901, now A.A.G. at Headqrs. : 
b. 1854. Club, U. Serv. 

BOWMAN, Baronet. Sir (William) Paget 
Bowman, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1884), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, Regist. of Corp. Sons of Clergy and Treas. 
of Cholmondeley Charities: son of 1st Bt., b. 
1845, sue. 1892, mar. 1870 Emily Prances, dau. 
of the late Capt. Wm. Swabey, R.A. Heir, his 
son Rev. Paget Mervyn B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son J ohnPaget, b. 1904) . Res., Joldwynds, 
Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking ; Corporation 
House, 2 Bloomsbury PL, W.C. 

BOWMONT and CESSFORD, Marquess of 
(Scot. 1707) , a title of the Roxburghe Dukedom, 
borne ("M. of Bowmont" only) by the heir when 
a son. 

BOWRING, Knight. Sir (Charles) Ci-ement 
Bowring, Kt. Bach. (1900), of the firm of Cox and 
Bowring, wine merchants, Derby ; Chmn. of Derby 
Conserv. Assoc., and a Vice-Pres. of Nat. Union, 
many years in 1st Vol. Batt. Sherwood Foresters 
(ret. as Major) : b. 1844, mar. 1872 Violet Camilla, 
dau. of Saml. Ball, Esq. Res., Park Grange, 
Derby. 

BOWRING, Edgar Alfred, C.B. (Civ. 1862), 
formerly an M.P., and Libr. and Regist. to Bd. of 
Trade : b. 1826. Res., 5 Lewes Cresc, Brighton ; 
30 Eaton PI., S.W. 

BOWRING, Col. Frederick Thomas Nelson 
Spratt, C.B. (Mil. 1904), F.R.G.S., F.G.S., R.E. 



retd. (1904) ; Afghn. 1878-80, and Burma 1886-7 = 
b. 1847. Res., 6 Nevill Pk., Tunb. Wells. 

BOWRING, Lewin Bentham, C.S.I. (1867), 
formerly Ch. Commissi-, of Mysore and Coorg, 
Priv. Sec. to Earl Canning 1858-62 : b. 1824. 
Res., Woodlands, Torquay. 

BOWYER, Baronet." Sir George Henry 
Botuyer, 9th Bt. of Denham (Eng. 1660) and 5th 
Bt. of Radley (Gt. Br. 1794), late Lieut. 4th Batt. 
Chesh. Regt. (Mil.): son of the late Hv. G. 
Bowyer, Esq., and nephew of 7th and 8th Bts. ; 
b. 1870, sue. 1893, mar. 1899 Ethel, dau. of the late 
Fras. Hawkins, Esq., from whom he (1900) obtd. 
a divorce. Heir pres. to Baronetcy of 1660, a (3rd) 
cousin, Lt.-Col. Wentwortii Grenville Atkins- 
Bowyer (b. 1850; 2nd heir, latter's son George 
Edward Wentworth, b. 1886; no heir to the 
Radley Btcy.). Res., 1 Clarendon Cresc, Leam- 
ington. 

BOWYER, Hon. Mrs. Edward, dau. of present 
Vise. Cross. 

BOXALL, Baron. Alleyne Alfred Boxnll, 
1st Bn. (Saxe-Coburg 1900), Commander of the 
Saxe-Ernestine Coburg Family Order, formerly 
Personal Solic. to the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg 
(Duke of Edinburgh, K.G.) : son of the late Wm. 
P. Boxall, Esq., of Brighton and Cowfold : b. 1855, 
mar. 1881 Mary Elizabeth, dau. of the late Jas. H. 
Lermitte, Esq. Heir, his son Alleyne Percival 
(b. 1882; 2nd heir, next son, Caryl Leimitte, b. 
1888). Res., 14 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk., W. 

*»* This creation was designed by H.R.H. the late 
Reigning Puke, and carried out by his successor. Is 
authorised by the Crown for use in this country by 
the grantee and his heirs male. 

BOXALL, Knight. Col. Sir Charles Gervaise 
Boxnll, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), V.D., Hon. Col. 1st 
Sussex Vol. Artill., organised City Imper. Vols. ; 
is a partner in the legal firm of Boxall and 
Boxall : b. 1852 (a bro. of Baron Boxall), mar. 
1879 Eugenie, dau. of Hy. Wyles, Esq. Res., 
Battlemead, Maidenhead, Berks.; West Chil- 
tington, Pulborough S.O., Sussex. 

BOYALL, Capt. Alfred Morey, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Yorks. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1877. Res., Ravenscomt, Hamilton Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BOYCE, Knight. Prof. Sir Rubert Wm. 
Boyce, Kt. Bach. (1906), M.B., F.R.S. 

BOYCE, Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 1899), C.E., 
was Princ. Surveyor of Consular Bdgs. 1877-1900, 
formerly in like posts in China and Japan : b. 
1834. Res., Ee-Yaan, Hampton Wick, Middx. 

BOYCE, Maj. William George Bertram, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), A.S.C., S. Africa 1899-iQOO, prev. 
Staff-Capt. Cork Dist. : b. 1868. 

BOYCOTT (WIGHT-), Lt.-Col. Thomas 
Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), Capt. and Hon. Maj. 
Staffords. Imper.. Yeom. and Lt.-Col. 27th Batt. ; 
S. Africa 1900-2: b. 1872. Res., Rudge Hall, 
Pattingham, Wolverhampton. 

BOYD, Knight. Hon. Sir John Alexander 
Boyd, K.C.M.G. (1901 ; Kt. Bach. 1899), M.A., 
L.L.D., Pres. of High Ct. of Ontario, a Gov. of 
M'Master Univ., appd. Q.C. (Can.) 1880: b. 
1837, mar. 1863 Elizabeth, dau. of David Buchan, 
Esq. Res., 119 Bloor St., Toronto. 

BOYD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Isabella, 
dau. of the late Jno. Lawson, Esq., W.S.), mar. 
1853 Sir Jno. Boyd (d. 1893). Res., Maxpoffle 
House, St. Boswells, Roxburgh. 

BOYD, Charles Walter, C.M.G. (1904), Joint 
Sec. to the Rhodes Trust : b. 1869. Res., 2 White- 
hall Gdns , S.W. 



156 BOY Directory of Peerage, 



BOY 



BOYD, Francis Dabby, C.M.G. (igoo-i),M.D., 
F.RC.P.E., Phys. to Deaconesses' Hosp. Edin- 
burgh, was head of the Edinburgh Hosp. in Boer 
"War 1900 : b. 1866. Res,, 22 Manor PL, Edinburgh, 

BOYD, Capt. Gerald Faerell, D.S.O. (1902), 
Leinster Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOYD, Col. Jons Alexander, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
A.S.C. retd. (1900) ; S. Africa 1879-81, Nile 1884-5, 
late a D.A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1857. Res., 20 
Sunderld. Terr., "Westbourne Gdns., "W. 

BOYD, Lady Lilian Adelaide Katherine 
Mary, dau. of 2nd E. of Munster. 

BOYD (ROCHFORT-),Col. Charles Augustus, 
C.M.G. (1901), R.E. retd. (1903); Egypt 1882, S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1850. Club, U. Serv. 

BOYES, Knight. Vice-Adm. Sir George T. 
H. Boyes, K.C.B. (Mil. 1906). 

BOYES, Maj.-Gen. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late Gord. Highldrs. ; Egypt 1882-4, 
Soudan, Nile 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1900 (comdg. 
a Brigade), ret. 1904: b. 1843. lies., The Holt, 
Appledore S.O., Devon. 

BOYLE, family name of Cork and Oerery, 
Glasgow, and Shannon Earldoms. Index to the 
three lines and below : 

Hn. Alan Reg. g. Ly. Helen, s. Hn. Mrs. Eichd. c 
Hn. Alex. J as. g. Ly. Helen Jane, g. Hn. Mrs.Rob.Ed.c. 
Hn. Alg. D. E. H. s.Hn. Henry Geo. s. Hn. Rob. Elph. a. 
Hn. Edwd. S. H. s.Hn. James, g. Hn. Rob. Eras. s. 
Ly. Eliz. M. G. g. Hn. Jno. Dav. g. Hn. Rob. Hy. s. 
Hn.Elphinstone,G.Hn. Lascelles, c. Hn. Rob. J. L. c. 
Hn. Douglas, s. Ly. Mary Helen,G. Hn. Spencer, s. 
Hn. }!rs. Edind. c. Ly. Muriel L.Di. o.Hn.Walt. J. H. s. 
Ly. Florence, sep. Ly. Mur., Kt.'sWd.Hn. Wrn. Geo. c. 

BOYLE, Babon (Gt. Br. 1711), Imper. title of 
the Cork and Orrery Earldom ; see cornpds. below. 

BOYLE, Babonet. Sir Edward Boyle, 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1904), K.C. (1898), M.P. for Taunton (<7.), 
a Dir. of Lond. and Ind. Docks : son of the late 
Edwd. O. Boyle, Esq., C.E., b. 1849, mar. 1874 
Constance Jane, dau. of Wm. Knight, Esq. Heir, 
his son Edward Gurney (b. 1878; no 2nd heir\ 
Seat, Ockham, Hurst Cm., Etchingham S.O., 
Sussex ; town res., 63 Queen's Gt., S."W. ; cnamb., 
1 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

BOYLE, Knight. Sir (Charles) Cavendish 
Boyle, K.C.M.G. (1897), Gov. of Mauritius, late of 
Newfoundld., has been Lt.-Gov. British Guiana, 
Colon. Sec. Bermuda and Gibraltar, and held 
office in Leeward is. and Dominica, also in Ct. of 
Probate : b. 1849 (gt. grandson of 7th E. of Cork). 
lies., Govt. House, Port Louis, Mauritius ; Reduit, 
same Isld. 

BOYLE, Knight's "Widow. Lady Muriel 
Sarah B. (nee Campbell), dau. of 2nd Earl 
Cawdor, b. 1845, mar. 1876 Sir CourtenayE. Boyle, 
K.C.B., Perm. Sec. to Bd. of Trade (d. 1901, bro. 
of preceding). Res., Ingleton, 86 Beulah Hill, 
Norwood, S.E. 

BOYLE, Viscount (by courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Shannon— see " Boyle of Bandon." 

BOYLE, Lady Florence Cecilia, dau. of 7th 
E. of Albemarle. 

BOYLE, Capt. James, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), 
Brit. Cons, at Copenhagen, prev. A.D.C." to Gov. 
of Bombay and Con$. far Texas, Greece, and 
Negropont : b. 1850. Res., Brit. Consulate, 
Copenhagen. 

BOYLE, Col. Lionel Richard Cavendish, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late Lt. -Col. comdg. and 
Hon. Col. Inf. Batt. of Hon. Artill. Co., formerly 
Sub-Lieut. R.N. : b. 1851 (gt. grandson of 7th E. 
of Cork and 1st cous. of above Kt.). Res., 
Spencer House, Stansted S.O., Essex. 

BOYLE, Richard Vicars, C.S.I. (1869), 



M. I.C. E., formerly in Pub. "Works Dept. India, 
distinguished for defence of his house (Puckah 
House) at Arrah during Mutiny, Was CM. Engr. 
to Japan Govt. 1872-7, has practised aiso in Spam : 
b. 1822. Res., 3 Stanhope Terr., Hyde Park, "W. 

BOYLE of BANDON, Viscount (Irel. 1756) — 
see " Shannon, E. of," and " Boyle, Vise." above. 

BOYLE op KELBURNE, STEWARTOTJN, 
&c, Baron (Scot. 1699), also of Stewartoun, 
C umbrae, &c. (1703)— see " Glasgow, E. of." 

BOYLE op KINALMEAKY, Viscount (Irel. 
1628)— see " Cork and O., E .of." 

BOYLE of MARSTON, Baron (Gt. Br. 1711), 
and of YOUGHAL (Irel. 1616)— see "Cork and 
0., E. of," and " Boyle, Bn." above. 

BOYNE, Viscount. Gustavus Russell Hamil- 
ton-Russell, 8th Vise. (Irel.), sits as Bn. Brancepeth 
(U.K.) ; a D.L. for Shropshire: son of 7th V. ; 
b. May 28, 1830; sue. 1872 (C.) ; mar. 1858 the 
late Lady Katharine Frances Scott, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Eldon (d. 1903). Seats, Brancepeth Castle, 
Brancepeth S.O., Co. Durham; Burwarton 
House, Bridgnorth, Salop ; townres., 16 Grosvenor 
Gdns., S.W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Hamilton of Stackallan, 1715 : 
Vise. Boyne, 1717. U.K. : Bn. Brancepeth, 1866.— The jst 
Peer was Gustavus Hamilton, a distinguished military 
officer (at the Boyne, Londonderry, &c). The 7th Vise, 
appended the name Russell. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Hamilton-Russell. ) 
Issue of present (8th) V. (himself sole surviving 
issue of 7th) : 
The three deceased infants, Louisa, Emma Maria, 

and Gustavus Claud (b. 1859-61, d. 1861-2). 
Hon. Alice Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Wyndham 
St.-John-J[ildmi< )/, b. 1862, mar. 1889 Capt. Wyndham 
P. St.-J.-M. Res., 121 Mount St., W. 
Hon. Gustavus AVilliam H.-R., heir to Viscounty, 
a D.L. for Durham and Salop, formerly Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Northumbd. Fus. (Mil.): b. 1864, mar. 1906 
Lady Margaret Selina Lascelles. dau. of 5th E. of 
Harewood. Res., Hard wick, Sedgefield, Ferry Hill, 
Co. Durham. 
Hon. Maud Harriet H.-R., b. 1865. 
Hon. Constance Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Albert 
Baillie, b. 1866, mar. 1898 Rev. Albert Victor B. 
Res., The Rectory, Rugby. 
Hon. Frederick Gustavus H.-R., 2nd heir, a D.L. 
for Durham : b. 1867, mar. 1897 Ladv Margaret 
Rachel Scott, dau. of 3rd E. of Eldon. Res., 45 
Gloucester PL, W. ; La Boysonnade, Bellagio, 
Lake Como, Italy. 
Hon. Claud Eustace H.-R., a D.L. for Durham, for- 
merly Lieut. Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) : b. 1871, mar. 1899 
Maria Lindsay (" May"), dau. of Sir Lindsay Wood, 
1st Bt. of The Hermifage (Hon. Mrs. Claud 
H.-R.). Res., Cleobury Ct., Bridgnorth, Salop. 
Hon. Arthur H.-R., Capt. 1st Drgns., served in S. 
Africa 1900 : b. 1872, mar. IQ05 Marion Lilias, dau. 
of the late Hy. Harris, Esq., of Steventon (Hon. 
Mrs. Arthur H.-R.). 
Hon. Florence Rachel H.-R., b. 1875. 
Hon. Eustace Scott H.-R., late Capt. Northumb. Fus. 
(Mil.) : b. 1878, mar. 1906 Olive, dau. of F. A. W61- 
ryche-Whitmore, Esq. 1 Hon. Mrs. Eustace H.-R.) 
The deceased Hubert H.-R., b. & d. 1886. 
— Daus.-in-law : 

Lady (Margaret) Selina/7 -R.,see Hon. Gustavus above. 
Lady Margaret Rachel H.-R., see lion. Fredk. above. 
BOYNTON, Baronet. Sir Griffith Henby 
Boynton, 12th Bt. (Eng. 1618), son of the late Rev. 
Griffith Boynton and 1st cousin of 11th Bt. ; b. 
1849, sue. 1899, mar. 1885 Euphemia Violet, dau. 
of the late J. Inglis Chalmers, Esq. Heir, his son 
Gbiffith "Wilfbid Noeman (b. 1889; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Rev. Charles Ingram William B., b. 
1853). Res. (Lady B.), 11 Montpelier Cresc, 
Brighton. 

BOYNTON, Babonet's "Widow. Mildred, 
Lady B. (Mildred Augusta, dau. of Rev. Thos. B. 
Paget, Canon of York), mar. 1876 Sir Henry S. 



BOY 



Boynton, nth Bt. (d. 1899). Res. , Cherry Burton, 
Beverley, Yorks. 

BOYS, Maj. Reginald Harvey Henderson, 
D.S.O. (1900-1.), R.E., Teleg. Batt. in S. Africa 
1900-2, rendered valuable service during plague 
at Hong Kong 1894 : b. 1867. 

BRABANT, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Edward 
Yewd Brabant, K.C.B. (Mil. igoi),C.M.G. (1879), 
M.L.A. Cape Col., has been Comdt.-Gen. of Cape 
Vols., had chief comd. of Troops from that Col. in 
S. Africa 1899-1901, formerly Capt. 80th Begt. : b. 
1839, mar. 1862 Mary Burnet, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Robertson, lies., Gonnubie Pk., East London, 
Cape Col. 

BRABANT, Capt. Guy Alfred, D.S.O. (1902), 
S. African Irreg. Forces 1900-2 : b. 1873. Res., 
with preceding (his father). 

BRABAZON, family name of Meath Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons." 

BRABAZON, Baron (Brabazon of Ardee, Irel. 
1616), a title of the Meath Earldom formerly 
borne by an heir (present heir, Lord Ardee) . 

BRABAZON, Maj .-Gen. John Palmer, C.V.O. 
(1901), C.B. (Mil. 1893), Ashanti 1873-4, Afglrn. 
1878-80, Egypt and Nile 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1900, 
ret. 1901 and is a Gentn. Usher to H.M., late an 
A.D.C. to Queen Victoria : b. 1843. Res., Bra- 
bazon Pk., Swinford, Co. Mayo; 10 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

BRABOURNE (pron. Braburn'), Baron. 
Edward Knatchbull-IIugcssen, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), a 
D.L. for Kent, late Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., an 
M.P. 1889-92 : son of 1st Bn. and heir pres. to 
his 1st cousin Sir Wyndham Knatchbull, Bt. ; 
b. April 5, 1857 ; sue. 1893 (L.) ; mar. 1880 Amy 
Virginia, dau. of Bn. Allendale. Res., Hoath 
Cottage, Smeeth, Ashfoid, Kent. (The Lady B., 
The Hatch, Godden Grn., Sevenoaks: 7 17pp. 
Belgrave St., S.W.) 

Creation. Bn. Brabourne, U.K. i83o.— The Rt. Hon. 
Edwd. Knatchbull-Hugessen, M.P. for Sandwich, a 
Lord of the Treasury, and Under Sec. in the Home and 
Colonial Depts., was the 1st Bn. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Knatchbu ll-Hugessen. ) 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

The deceased Richard E. W. K.-H., b. 1881, d. 1883. 
Hon. Margaret Eva de Burgh, now Hon. Mrs. J ohn 
Henry Savile, b. 1883, mar. 1905 Hon. Jno. Hy. .S'., 
son of 4th E. of Mexborough (q.v.) and heir pres. 
to the title. 

Hon. Wyndham Wentwortu K.-H., heir to Barony, 
late 2nd Lieut. 7th Batt. Rif. Brig. (Mil.) : b. 1885. 
(2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Cecil.) 
- Hon. Bettine Henrietta K.-H., b. 1888. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro., sist., half-bro., 
&c, of present) : 

By ist MititGE. (1852.) 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Katharine Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
Prideaux-Brunz, b. 1859, mar. 1883 Col. Chas. Robt. 
P.-B. Res., The Grange, Wclwyn, Herts. 

Hon. Cecil Marcus K. -H., B.A., barrister-at-law : b. 
1863, mar. 1893 Helena Regina Frederica de Heyden, 
dau. of the late Hermann von-Flesch-Brunningen, 
Imper. Counc, of Vienna (Hon. Mrs. Cecil K.-H.). 
Res., 43 Norfolk Sq.., W. ; chamb., 2 Mitre Ct. 
Bdgs., Temple, E.G. 
By 2nd mrrge. (1890.) 

Hon. Adrian Norton K.-H., b. 1891. 

Hon. Alicia Mary Dorothea K.-H., b. 1893 (posthu- 
mous). 

BRABOURNE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Ethel Mary, dau. of the late Col. Sir 
Geo. G. Walker, K.C.B. ), mar. 1890, as 2nd wife, 
1st Bn. Brabourne (d. 1893). Res., 13 West 
Eaton PI., S.W. 

BRABROOK, Knight. Sir Edward William 



BRA 157 



Brabrook, Kt. Bach. (1905), C.B. (Civ. 1897), 

F. S.A., F.R.S.S., barrister-at-law, Vice-Pres. 
and Treas. Roy. Soc. of Lit., and connected with 
other learned bodies, late Ch. Registrar of 
Friendly Socs. : b. 1839, mar. 1862. Res., 178 
Bedford Hill, Balham, S.W. 

BRACKENBURY, Priv. Counc. and Knight. 
Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Brackenbury, P.O. 
(Gt. Br. 1904), G.C.B. (Mil. 1901; K.C.B. 1894), 
K.C.S.I. (1896), was Dir.-Gen. of Ordn. in S. Afr. 
War and at Headqrs., has been Mil. Attache in 
Paris, Assist. Und. Sec. in Ireland, and Mil. Memb. 
of Counc. of Gov.-Gen. of India ; served in Centr. 
India, Cyprus, in Ashanti and Zulu Wars, Nile 
Expedn., &c, ret. 1904 and is Col. Comdt. R.A. : 
b. 1837, widower. Res., Ki Albany, W., and 
Queen Anne's Mansns., S.W. 

BRACKENBURY, Adm. John William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1887), C.M.G. (1879), R.N. retd. (1905) ; 
Zululd. 1879, Egypt, and Witu (E. Africa), late 
2nd in comd. of Channel Squad. : b. 1842. Club, 
Jun. U. Serv. 

BRACKENBURY, Col. Maule Campbell, 
C.S.I. (1898), R.E. retd. (1899); Perak Expedn. 
1874-5, Afghn. 1878-81, and N.W. Frontier 1898, 
retd. 1899, and is Manag. Rohilkand Rail. : b. 1844. 
Res., 25 Queen's Mansns., 56 Victoria St., S.W. 

BRACKLEY, Viscount (by courtesy— title U.K. 
1846), eld. son and heir of E. of Ellesmere. 

BRACO, Baron (Irel. 1735)— see "Fife, D. of." 

BRADDELL, Octavius Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 
Acct. in Works Off., Dublin : b. 1843. Res., 
Bullingate, Camew, Shillelagh S.O., Co. Wicklow. 

BRADDON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Alice Harriet, dau. of W. H. Smith, Esq.), mar. 
1876, as 2nd wife, the Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. N. 
Coventry Braddon, K.C.M.G., late Premier of 
Tasmania (d. 1904). Res., Treglith, Tasmania. 

BRADE, Reginald Herbert, C.B. (Civ. 1906^, 
Assist. Sec. in War Office and Registr. of D.S.O. 

BRADFORD, Baronet. Col. Sir Edward 
Ridley Colborne Bradford, istBt. (U.K. 1902), 

G. C.B. (Civ. 1897) , G.C. V.O. (1902) , K.C.S.I. (1885) , 
LA. Supermini. List, an Extra Equerry to 

H. M., Commissi', of Police for the Metropolis 
1890-1903, f ormerly in Madras Cavalry (served in 
Persia, in N.W. Provs., &c), has been Sec. to 
Polit. Dept. at India Office : son of the late Rev. 
Wm. M. K. Bradford, b. 1836, mar. 1898, 2nd 
wife, Edith Mary, dau. of Wm. Nicholson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Maj. Evelyn Ridley B. (b. 1869; 
2nd heir, next son, Edward Austen, Lieut., b. 
1879). Res., 50 Sth. Audley St., W. 

BRADFORD, Earl of. George Cecil 
Orlando Bridgeman, 4th Earl (U.K.) and a Bt. ; 
a D.L. for Salop and Warwicks., formerly Lieut. 
1st Life Gds. and Capt. Shropsh. Yeom., an M.P. 
1867-85 (as Vise. Newport) : son of 3rd E. ; b. Feb. 
3, 1845; sue. 1898 (C); mar. 1869 Lady Ida 
Frances Annabella Lumley, dau. of 9th E. of Scar- 
brough and an Extra Lady of the Bedchamber 
to H.R.H. the Princess of Wales (formerly to 
present Queen when holding that title). Seats 
&c., Weston Pk., Shifnal, Salop; Clarendon 
House, Newmarket ; Knockin Hall, Oswestry, 
Salop (let) ; town res., 44 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1660; Bn. Bradford, Gt. Br. 
1794 ; E. of Bradford (Salop) and Vise. Newport (of Brad- 
ford aforesaid), U.K. 1815.— Sir Henry Bridgeman, 5th 
Bt., was created a Bn., and his son and successor 
became Vise, and Earl. An earlier series of similar 
titles had lapsed ; the family name under these was 
Newport, but a daughter of the 3rd Earl married the 
4th Bridgeman Bt., and thus led to the revival of the 
title, which consequently represents the surname, and 
is not taken from the town of Newport. 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



158 BRA Directory of Peerage, BRA 



Titled Relatives. 
(Bridgeman.) 
Issue of present (4th) E. : 

Lady Beatrice Adine, now Lady B. Pretyman, b. 
1870, mar. 1894 Ernest Geo. P., Esq. Res., Orwell 
Pk., Ipswich; Riby Grove, Grimsby; 2 Belgrave 
Sq., S.W. 

Lady Margaret Alice, now Ctss. of Dalkeith, b. 1872, 

mar. 1893 Earl of D., son and heir of 6th L\ of 

Buccleuch, q.v. 
Vise. Newport, heir to Earldom : Orlando B., M. A., 

a D. L. for W arwickshirc, Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots 

(Mil.), served in S. Africa 1900-2, late Priv. Sec. to 

Lord Salisbury and Mr. Balfour : b. 1873, mar. 

190} Hon. Margaret Cecilia Bruce, dau. of snd Bn. 

Aberdare. Res., Castle Bromwich, Birmingham. 
Lady Helena Mary, now Ctss. of Sefton, b. 1875, 

mar. 1898 Hon. Osbert Cecil Molyneux, now 6th 

Earl of S., q.v. 
Lady .Florence Sibell, now Lady P. Norman, b. 1877 

mar. 1904 Ronald Collet N., Esq. Res., 2 Sloane 

Ct., S.W. 

Hon. Richard Orlando Beaconsfieid B., 2nd heir, 

Lieut. R.N. : b. 1879. 
Hon. Henry George Orlando B., Lieut. R.A., A.D.C. 

to Gen. Lord Grcnf ell : b. 1882. 

Surviving issue of yd E. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Francis Charles B., formerly Col. istBatt. Scots 
Gds. and A.D.C. to Fd. -Marsh. Prince Edward of 
Saxe-Weimar, served at Suakin, an M.P. 1885-95 : ». 
1846, mar. 1883 Gertrude Cecilia, dau. of Geo. Han- 
bury, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Francis B.). Res., Neachley, 
Shifnal, Salop ; 59 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Lady Mabel Selina, now Lady M. Kenyon-Slaney, b. 
1855, mar. 1887 Col. Rt. Hon. Wra. Slaney K.S., 
M.P. Res., Hatton Grange, Shifnal, Salop. 

Lady Florence Katherine, now Ctss. of Harewood, 
b. 1859, mar. 1881 5th Earl of H., q.v. 

Dau.-in-law of 2nd E. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 3rd Earl, b. 1819, d. 1898.) 

Hon. Mrs. John B. (Marianne Caroline, dau. of the 
late Ven. Win. Clive), mar. 1862 the late Rev. the 
Hon. John Robert Orlando B. (d. 1897). Res., 
Frognel, Torquay. 

BRADFORD, Capt. Edward Eden, C.V.O. 
(1906;, R.N., Solomon Is. and Egypt; Chief of 
Staff of Channel Fleet. 

BRADLEY, Hon. Mrs. Henry, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
St. Leonards. 

BRADLEY, Herbert, C.S.I. (1905), First 
Memb. of Bd. of Rev. Madras and an Addit. 
Memb. Coune. of Gov. 

BRADLEY, Capt. Robert William, D.S.O. 
(1902), S.Wales Borderers; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
late an Assist. Instr. Sch. of Musketry : b. 1874. 

BRAD SHAW, Surg.-Maj .-Gen. (Alexander) 
Frederick, C.B. (Mil. 1891), M.A., M.R.C.P., 
F.R.G.S., R.H.A. rctd. (1895); Mutiny 1857-9, 
Zhob Valley, Hazara 1891, Princ. Med. Offr. to 
Forces in India 1892-5 and on Staff of three 
Corns. -in-Ch. ; an Hon. Thvs. to H.M. : b. 1834. 
lies., 1 1 1 Banbury Rd. , Oxford. 

BRADSTREET, Baronet. Sir Edward Simon 
Victor Bradstreet, 7th Bt. (Irel. 1759), C.E. : son 
of 6th Bt., b. 1856, sue. 1905, mar. 1888 Fortuna 
Mary. dau. of Signor Fiori de' Leiichi, of Algeria. 
Heir, Ms son Gerald F]dmund (b. 1891 ; no 2nd 
heir). Res., Castilla, Clontarf, Dublin. 

BRADY, Baronet. Sir Francis William 
Brady, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1S69), K.C. (i860), B.A., 
a D.L. of Dublin City, County Ct. Judge and 
Chmn. of Q.S. Tyrone : son of 1st Bt. (Rt. Hon. 
Sir Maziere Brady, three times Ld. Chanc. of 
Ireld.), b. 1824, sue. 1871, mar. 1892, 2nd wife, 
Geraldine Kathleen, dau. of Geo. W. Hatchell, 
Esq., M.D. Heir pres., his nephew Col. Robert 
Maziere B. (b. 1854 ; 2nd heir, latter's bro. Maj. 
William Longfield B., b. 1863). Bes., Sorrento 



Cottage, Dalkey S.O., Co. Dublin; 26 Up. Pem- 
broke St., Dublin. 

BRADY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Annie, 
dau. of Jno. Lipsett, Esq.\ mar. 1884, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Thos. F. Brady,' Kt. Bach., Insp. of 
Irish Fisheries and Commissr. of Piers and Har- 
bours (d. 1904). Bes., li Percv PI., Dublin. 

BRAGANZA— see Royal Family. 

BRAITHWAITE, Capt. William Garnett, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Roy. Welsh Fus.; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, aftds. D.A.A.G. in W. Transvaal, now 
Offr. of a Corps of Gentn. Cadets at Roy. Mil. 
Coll. : b. 1870. 

BRAKE, Maj. Herbert Edward John, 

C. B. (Mil. 1901), D.S.O. (1899), R.A., Punjab 
Front. 1892-6, Uganda 1898-9, Ashanti and 
Gambia 1900-1, formerly in civil employment, 
now Comdt. of Loc. Forces in Trinidad : b. 1866. 
Bes., Port of Spain, Trinidad. 

BRAMPTON, Baron. Henry Hawkins, 1st 
Bn. {U. K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1899), a Judge of the 
High Ct. (Qn.'s Bch. and Excheq.) 1876-98, appd. 
Q..C. 1858 : son of the late Jno. Hawkins, Esq., of 
Hitchin ; b. Sept. 14, 1817 ; cr. Kt. Bach. 1876, a 
Baron 1899 (C) ; mar. 1887, 2nd wife, Jane Louisa, 
dau. of the late Hy. Fras. Reynolds, Esq. No heir. 
Bes., 5 Tiiney St., Park Lane, W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Brampton, 1899.— No issue. 

BRAMSTON, Knight. Sir John Bramston, 
G.C.M.G. (1900; K.C.M.G.1897), C.B. (Civ. 1886), 

D. C.L., F\R.G.S., F.R.C.I., late Leg. Assist. 
Under See. for Colon. Dept., formerly Attom.- 
Gen. of Queensland and Hong Kong: b. 1832, 
mar. 1872 Eliza Isabella, dau. of the late Rev. 
Harry V. Russell. Bes., 18 Berkeley PL, Wimble- 
don, S.W. 

BR AM WELL, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Harriet Leonora, dau. of the late Jos. Frith, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 her cousin Sir Frederick Jos. 
Bramwell, 1st and only Bt., F.R.S., a distin- 
guished engineer (d. 1903). Bes., Holmwood, 
Edenbridge, Kent. 

BRAMWELL, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 2nd 
Bn. Rathdonnell. 

BRANCEPETH, Baron {U.K. 1866), Imper. 
title of Vise. Boyne. 

BRAND, family name of Hampden Viscounty, 
q.v. for " Hons." and Lady Katharine. 

BRAND, Knight's Widow. Lady.Z>\ (Catherina 
Dorothea, dau. of Robt. Aling, Esq.), mar. 1869, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Christofhl Jos. Brand, Speaker in 
Cape House of Assemb. (d. 1875). Bes., Cape Town. 

BRAND, Ferdinand, I.S.O. (1902), Staff Clk. 
and Librarian at Admiralty, was Co-Editor of 
Navy List 1880-98: b. 1848. Bes., Hcywocd 
Lodge, Cumberland Rd., Kew. 

BRAND, James, I.S.O. (1903), 2nd class Clk. in 
Exchequer and Audit Dept. Bes., 130 Burnt Ash 
Hill, Lee, S.E. 

BRANDER, Lt.-Col. Herbert Ralph, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), I. A., Hazara 1891, Chitral Relief, 
Thibet 1904: b. 1861. Res., Umbala, Punjab. 

BRANDIS, Knight. Sir Dietrsch Brandis, 
K.C.I.E. (1887), LL.D., Ph.D., F\R.S., F.L.S., 
Insp.-Gen. of Forests in India 1864-83, prev. in 
Pegu and Burma, Lecturer on Botany at Bonn 
Univ. (1849-56) : b. 1824, mar. 1867, 2nd wife, 
Katherine, dau. of Dr. Rudolf Hasse. Bes., Bonn. 

BRANDON, Duke of [Gt. Br. 1712), Imper. 
title of D. of Hamilton. 

BRANDRETH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Madeline, dau. of Alex. Colvin, Esq.), mar. 
1866 Adm. Sir Thos. Brandreth, K.C.B., a Lord | 



BBA 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BRA 



159 



of Admir. and Pres. Roy. Nav. Coll. Greenwich 
(d. 1894). Res., Heathfleld, Winchester. 

BRANFOOT, Surg. -Gen. Arthur Mudge, 
CLE. (1898), M.B., L.R.C.P.,I.M.S. retd. (1903) ; 
Pres. of Med. Bd. Ind. Office, late Princ. Med. 
Offr. Bangalore and Southn. Dists. of Madras, 
prev. Supt. Govt. Maternity Hosp. Madras: b. 
1848. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BRASIER, Lady Charlotte Adelaide Louisa 
Riversdale, dau. of 5th Earl MountCashell. 

BRASSEY, family name of following Barony. 

BRASSEY, Baron. Thomas Brassey, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), G.C.B. (Civ. 1906; K.C.B. 1881), 
M.A.,D.C.L., LL.D., A.I.C.E., a D.L. for Sussex, 
barrister-at-law, Kt. of Justice St. John Jerus., 
Hon. Col. Cinque Ports Vol. Artill., Hon. Com. 
R.N.R., a Younger Bro. of Trin. House ; Gov. of 
Victoria 1895-1900, an M.P. 1865-86, and has been 
Sec. to the Admiralty and Civil Lord, a memb. 
of three Comrnssns., and a Lord in Waiting to 
Queen Victoria : son of the late Thos. Brassey, 
Esq., the noted railway contractor; b. Feb. 11, 
1836; cr. Bn. i885 (L.) ; mar., 1st, i860, the late 
Anna, dau. of the late Jno. Allnutt, Esq. (she died 
1887) ; 2ndly, 1890, Lady Sibyl de Vere Oapell, 
dau. of the late Vise. Maiden, son of 6th E. of 
Essex. Seat, Normanhurst, Battle S.O., Sussex; 
town res., 24 Park Lane, W. 

Creation. Bn. Brassey, U.K. i8G5. 

Issue. 
(Brassey.) 

Bv 1ST MRItGE. 

Hon. Thomas Allnctt B., heir to Barony, M.A., 
Cant, and Hon. Maj. W. Kent Imper. Yeoni., 
served in S. Africa 1900 and has been Assist. Priv. 
Sec. to First Lord of Admiralty, is Editor of the 
Naval Annual: b. 1063, mar. 1889 Lady IdinaMary 
Nevill, dau. of 1st M. of Abergavenny. Res., Park 
Gt., Battle 8.0. , Sussex. (No 2nd heir.) 

Hon. Mabelle Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Charles Egcrton, 
a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus. : b. 1865, mar. 1888 
Clias. Aug. E., Bsq. Res., The Banks, Roberts- 
bridge S.O., Sussex. 

The deceased Constance Alberta B., b. 1868, d. 1873. 

Hon. Muriel Agnes B., b. 1872, mar. 1891 8th Earl 
De La Warr, from whom she in 1902 obtd. a 
divorce. Res., Old Lodge, Ashdown Forest, Uck- 
field, Sussex; The Manor House, Bcxhill, same Co.; 
2+ Park Ln.,W. 

Hon. Marie Adelaide, now Hon. Mrs. Freeman 
Freeman-Thomas, b. r87S,mar. 1892 Freeman F.-T., 
Esq., nephew of 2nd Vise. Hampden. Res., Ratton, 
WillingdonS.O., Sussex ; 76 Ashley Gdns., Westrnr., 
S.W. 

BY 2ND MRRGE. 

Hon. Helen de Vere B., b. 1892. 

Dau.-in-law. 
Lady Idina Mary B., see Hon. Thomas above. 

BRASSEY, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Clanmorris. 

BRASSEY, Lady Noraii, dau. of 5th E. of 
Donoughmorc. 

BRASSEY, Lady Violet Mary, dau. of 7th 
D. of Richmond. 

BRAY, Knight. Hon. Sir Reginald More 
Bray, Kt. Bach. (1904), officially " Mr. Justice 
Bray," M.A., a Judge of the Kings Bench Div. 
of the HighCt., a D.L. for Surrey, late Recorder 
of Guildford, appd. Q.C. 1897: b. 1842, mar. 
1868 Emily Octavia, dau. of Arthur K. Barclay, 
Esq. lies., The Manor House, Shere, Guildford ; 
17 TheBoltons, S. Kens., S.W. ; cliambs., 4 Crown 
Office Row, Temple, E.C. 

BRAY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Alice 
Maud, dau. of Jno. Hornabrook, Esq.), mar. 
1871 Hon. Sir Jno. Cox Bray, K.C.M.G., Prem. 
of S. Australia (d. 1894). Res., Adelaide. 



BRAY, Col. Claude Arthur, C.M.G. (1901), a 
Ch. Paymr. Army Pay Dept. ; Afghn. 1880, S. 
Africa 1900-1, author of some novels and other 
books : b. 1858. Res., Emberton House, Newport 
Pagnell, Bucks. 

BRAYBROOKE, Baron. Henry NevWe, 7th 
Bn. {Gt. Br:), M.A., a D.L. for Cambs. and 
Hered. Visitor of Magdalene Coll. : son of 6th 
Bn. ; b. July 11, 1855 ; suc - W '■> mar - ^98 
Emilie Pauline, dau. of the late Antoine Gonin, 
Esq., of Macon, France. Seats, Audley End, 
Saff ron Walden ; Billingbear, Woking-ham, Berks. ; 
res., Condemine, Heydon, Royston, Herts. 

Creation. Bn. of Braybrooke, Gt. Br. 1788.— The 1st 
Peer had four years previously succeeded as 4th Bn. 
Howard de Walden. Before this he was known as Fd.- 
Marshal Sir John Griffin-Whitwell (the name Griffin 
assumed as a descendant of the 1st Ld. Griffin). As he 
had no male issue, the succession was assigned to his 
relative Richd. Aldworth Neville, who also assumed the 
name of Griffin, which the 5th Bn. dropped. On the 1st 
Bn.'s death the Howard Peerage fell into abeyance, but 
the above special remainder preserved the Braybrooke 
succession. 

Titled Relatives. 

(Neville.) 

Issue o/6f?i Bn. (bro. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Rev. the Hon. Grev N., heir pres. to Barony, M. A., 
Vicar of Waltham St. Lawrence : b. 1857, mar. 1889 
Mary Peele, dau. of the late Rev. Fras. Slater. 
Res., The Vicarage, Waltham St. Lawrence, Twy- 
ford S.O., Berks. (2nd heir, his son Henry Sey- 
mour, b. 1897.) 

Hon. Alice Mirabel Cornwallis N., b. 1869. Res., 
Binsted, Cambridge. 

Surv : v'mg dau. of 4th Bn. (1st cousin of present) : 
Hon. Mary Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Joynes, 
b. 1858, mar. 1880 Robt. J., Esq.., formerly R.H.A. 
Res., Staffa Lodge, Guildford. 

Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(Tbe lale 4th Baron, b. 1820, d. 1861.) 
(The late 5th Baron, b. 1823, d. 1902, no surv. issue.) 
(The late 6th Baron, b. 1827, d. 1904.) 
lion. Lucy Georgina, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Savile, 

b. 1828, mar. 1852 the late Rev. the Hon. Arthur is. 

(d. 1870), son of 3rd E. of Mexborough, q..v. 

BRAYBROOKE, Barons' Widows. (1) 
Florence, Lady B., nee lion. Florence Priscilla 
Alicia Maude, dau. of 3rd Vise. Hawarden, mar. 
1849 5th Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1902). Res., Little 
Hadham PL, Much Hadham, Herts..— (2) The 
Dowaser Lady B. (Lucy Frances, dau. of the late 
Jno. Le Marchant, Esq.), mar. 1853 the Rev. the 
6th Bn. Braybrooke (d. 1904). Res., Binsted, j 
Cambridge. 

BRAYE, Baron. Alfred Thomas Townshend ( 
Verneij-Gave, 5th Bn. {Eng.), a D.L. f or Leiccstcrsh. , I 
late Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. in Leic. Regt. (Mil.), j 
served in S. Africa 1902, is heir general of the 
Earls Verney (extinct 1791) : son of the late Edgell 
Wyatt-Edgell, Esq., and of Bnss. Braye, in own 
right, 4th inline; b. July 23, 1849; sue. 1879 
{L.U.); mar. 1873 Cecilia Harriet, dau. of the 
late Wm. Gerard Walmesley, Esq. ; assumed 1880 
the name Verney-Cave in lieu of Wyatt-Edgell. 
Seat, Stanford Hall, Mkt. Harborough ; town res., 
4 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Braye, Eng. 1529 by writ (in abeyance 
1557-1839 and 1862-79).— Sir Edmund Braye (Kt.), nephew 
of Sir Re;?d. Braye, K.G., Prime Minister to Henry VII., 
was created 1st Bn. The long abeyance occurred on the 
death of the 2nd Bn., who held high military commands 
under Henry VIII. and his two successors, and died of 
wounds received at the Battle of St. Qumtin. The second 
abeyance was between the daughters of the 3rd Bnss. 



i6o BUS 



Directory of Peerage, 



BBI 



Titled Relatives. 

(Vemey-Cave.) < 
Issue of present {5th) Bn. (himself sole surviving 
issue of late Bnss.) : 
Hon. Adrian Verney V.-G. heir to Barony, Capt. 
Motor Reserve : b. 1874, mar. 1900 Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Capt. Edwd. Bouverie B. Pusey, R.N. (Hon. 
Mrs. Vemey-Cave). Res., Stanford-on- Avon, Rugby. 
(2nd heir, his son Thomas Adrian, b. 1902.) 
Hon. Cecilia Violet, now Hon. Mrs. von Gratzy, b. 
1876, mar. 1903 Lieut. Karl von (?., of the Austrian 
Army. 

The deceased Hon. Ianthe Mary Dolores V.-C, b. 

1880, d. 1881. 

Hon. Vera Angela, now Hon. Mrs. Hillary Wild, b. 

1881, mar. 1905 Chas. Hillary \V., Esq.. 
Hon. Thomas Florian V.-C, b. 1885. 

BREADALBANE (pron. Bredawl'ban), Mar- 
quess of. Gavin Campbell, 1st Marq. (U.K.), 
7th Earl of B. and a Bt. (Scot.) ; K.G. (1893), 
P.C. {at. Br. 1880), a D.L. for Argyllsh., Kt. 
of Justice St. J olin Jerus. and Dir. and Chmn. of 
its Ambulance Dept., formerly a Lord in "Waiting 
to Queen Victoria and Treas. and Lord Steward 
of the Household, is Col. 5th Vol. Batt. Black 
Watch, an A.D.C. to H.M. for Vols., and Brig.- 
G-en. of Roy. Co. of Archers; three years (1893-5) 
Lord High Commissr. to Gen. Assembly of Ch. of 
Scotld. : son of 6th E. ; b. April 9, 1851 ; sue. as 
7th Earl (Scot.) 1871, cr. Bn. (U.K.) 1873, Marq. 
1885 (L.) ; mar. 1872 Lady Alma Imogine Carlotta 
Leonore araham, dau. of 4th D. of Montrose, 
; and a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus. Seats, Tay- 
mouth Castle (Aberfeldy), and Auchmore House 
(Killin S.O.)— bothinPerthsh.; Ardmaddy Castle 
(Oban), and Black Mt. (Bridge of Orchy)— both 
in Argyllsh. ; town res., 68 Ennismore Gdns., S. 
! Kens., S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1625 ; E. of Breadalbane and 
Holland, Vise, of Tay and Paintland, Lord Glenorchy, 
Benederaloch, Ormelie, and AVeick, 1677. U.K.: Bn. 
Breadalbane, 1873 ; M. of Breadalbane and E. of Ormelie, 
1885 (the earlier creation of 1831 became extinct with 
the death of the 2nd M. in 1862).— Sir John Campbell, 
5th Bt. of Glenorchy, who, like Bn. Blythswood, was 
descended from the same line as the Argylls, was the 
recipient of all the Scottish Peerages. An invasion by 
him of the lands of the Earl of Caithness was the origin 
of the song " The Campbells are coming." Owing to 
an heraldic error, King Charles II. had awarded him also 
the title of Earl of Caithness, and this invasion was his 
mode of enforcing his claim; but in 1681 the mistake 
was discovered and the wrong title dropped, though the 
precedence of 1677 was certified for the remaining 
honours. The original title is given in ' Burke ' as 
" Braed Albane." The U.K. titles were awarded to the 
4th Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 

(Campbell.) 

Surviving issue of 6tk E. (bro. and sist. of 
present M.) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1851.) 
j Lady Eva, now Lady E. Heathcoie, b. i8s§, raar. 1876 
Jno. Cuthbt. H., Esq. Res., Hinton Abbey, Bath. 
Hon. Ivan C, heir pres. to Earldom and other 
Scottish titles (no heir to Marquessate &c), a D. L. 
for Argyllsh., a memb. of Hon. Corps of Gentn. at 
Arms and late Capt. 79th Cameron Highldrs., 
served in Egypt 1882 and S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 18*9, 
mar. 1884 Lady Margaret Elizabeth Diana Agar, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Norman ten. Res., 59 Cadogan 
Sq., S.W. (2nd heir, his son lain Edw ard Herbert, 
b. 1885.) 
— Do.u. -in-law: 

Lady Margaret Eliz. Diana C, see preceding. 
BREADING, Capt. George Remington, 
D.S.O. (1904), "Wore. Regt. ; Somalild. 1901 and 
1903-4 : b. 1877. 

BRECHIN, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. "Walter John 
Forbes Bobberds, D.D., 50th Bp., late Vic. of St. 
Mary Redcliffe, Bristol : b. 1863 (nephew of 17th 



Bn. Sempill), mar. 1896, cons. 1904. Bes., Eorbes 
Ct., Broughty Ferry S.O., Eorfarsh. 

BRECKNOCK. Earl op (by courtesy— title 
U.K. 1812), son and heir of Marq. Camden. 

BREDON, Knight. Sir Robert Edward 
Breclon, K.C.M.G. (1904), M.A., M.B., Dep. 
Insp.-Gen. of Imper. Chinese Maritime Customs, 
was Surg, in 97th Regt. 1867-73, aftds. Commissr. 
of Chinese Customs at five ports : b. 1846, mar. 
1879 Lily Virginia, dau. of Thos. C. Banks, Esq., 
of San Francisco. Bes., Inspectorate-Gen. of 
Customs, Peking. 

BREMER, Countess, Lady in Waiting to 
H.R.H. Bnss. von Pawel-Rammingen. 

BRENAN, Byron, C.M.G. (1894), late Cons.- 
Gen. at Shanghai, prev. Cons, at Chefoo, Tientsin, 
Peking. Canton, &c. : b. 1847. 

BRENNAN, Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1892), Supt. of 
Brennan Torpedo Fact, at Chatham : b. 1852. 
Bes., "Woodlands, Gillingham, Chatham. 

BRERETON, Alfred, C.S.I. (1904), late Sec. 
to Ind. Govt, in Rail. Branch of "Works Dept, was 
in that Branch 1873-1904, now Govt. Dir. of Ind. 
Rail. Cos. : b. 1849. % es -> &liev Rush, 33 Clare- 
mont Rd., Surbiton. 

BRERETON, Maj. Edward FitzGerald, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northamptonsh. Regt.; N.W. 
Front. 1897-8, S. Africa 1890-1902 : b. 1861. 

BRETHERTON (STAPLETON-), Hon. Mrs. 
Frederick, dau. of 12th Bn. Petre. 

BRETT, family name of Esher Viscounty, q.v. 
for " Hons." 

BRETT, Knight. Sir Charles H. Brett, Kt. 
Bach. (1906), of Belfast. 

BRETT, Cecil Michael Wilford, C.S.I. 
(1905), Puisne Judge of High Ct. of Bengal. 

BRETT, Maj. Charles Arthur Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Suff. Regt. ; Hazara 1888 and 
S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1865. 

BREW, Robert John, IfS.O. (1902), late See. 
and Assist. Regist.-Gen. at Dublin: b. 1838. 
Bes., 12 Crosthwaite Pk., Sth. Kingstown, Co. 
Dublin. 

BREWSTER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Jane Kirke, dau. of the late Thos. Purnell, Esq.), 
mar. 1857, as 2nd wife, Sir David Brewster, K.H., 
F.R.S., the eminent optical scientist (d. 1868). 
Bes., Allerly, Melrose, Roxburgh. 

BRICKWOOD, Knight. Sir John Brichwood, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), Chmn. of Brickwood and Co., 
brewers, of Southsea, and of County Brewers' 
Soc. &c., a principal supporter of the Roy. 
Portsmtli. and Gosport Hosp. : b. 1852, mar. 1893, 
2nd wife, Jessie, dau. of the late Jno. Cooper, 
Esq., of East Molesey. Bes., Brankesmere, 
Southsea. 

BRIDGE, Knight (1). Adm. Sir Cvprian 
1 Arthur George Bridge, G.C.B. (Mil. 1903 ; 
. K.C.B. i8gg), served in White Sea and in 
Mutiny, late Com.-in-Ch. on China Station (prev. 
Austral. ), and has been Dir. of Nav. Intell. and a 
memb. of Ordn. and other Cmttees., ret. 1904 : b. 
1839, mar. 1879 Eleanor dau. of Geo. Thomhill, 
Esq., C.S.I. Bes., 1 Eaton Terr., S.W. 

BRIDGE, Knight (2). Sir (John) Frederick 
Bridge, Kt. Bach. (1897), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1902), 
Mus. Doc, organist at Westminster Abbey, 
Gresham Prof, of Music and a well-known com- 
poser, Conductor Roy. Choral Soc. and was Mus. 
Dir. at late Coronation : b. 1844, widower. Bes., 
Cornie Haugh, Huntly, Aberdeensh. ; Little 
Cloisters, Westminster Abbey, S.W. 

BRIDGE, Col. Charles Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1897), C.M,G. (1901), A.S.C., Egypt 1882, Mata- 



BBI 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



$B<1 161 



beleld. 1896, S. Africa 1899-1900, now retd., and 
is an Insp. of Remounts to Eastern Cohld. : b. 
1852. 

BRIDGEMAN, family name of Bradford Earl- 
dom, q.v. for " Hons." and see below. 

BRIDGEMAN, Rear-Adm. Francis Charles 
Bridgeman (name doubled, ne Bridgeman-Simp- 
son), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), EN, late Nav. 
A.D.C. to H.M., now Com.-in-Ch. of Home 
Fleet : b. 1848 (gt. grandson of 1st Bn. Bradford). 
Bes., Copgrove, nr. Leeds. 

BRIDGEMAN, Lady Mary Eleanor, dau. of 
3rd Earl Fortescue. 

BRIDGES, Sec. Lieut. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Derby Imper. Yeom. ; Malay Penins. 1893-5, 
S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1874. 

BRIDGES, Maj. George Tom Moles worth, 

D. S.O. (1904), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1901, Somalild. 
1903-4 : b. 1871. 

BRIDGES, Lady Grace Harriet, dau. of 5th 

E. of Courtown. 

BRIDGFORD, Knight's "Widow. Lady B., 
widow of Col. Sir Robert Bridgford, K.C.B. (d. 
1905). Bes., Beech Lawn, Whaliey Range, Man- 
chester; Fownhope Ct., Hereford. 

BRIDGFORD, Maj. Robert James, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shtopsh. L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 
comdg. a Batt. of Mtd. Inf. : b. 1869. 

BRIDPORT, Viscount. Arthur Welling- 
ton Alexander Nelson Hood, 2nd Yisc. (U.K.), 
Baron Bridport (Irel.), Duke of Bronte in Italy, 
C.B. (Civ. 1892), formerly Capt. 25th Foot and 
Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. W. Somerset 
Yeom.,, an M.P. 1868-80 : son of 1st Vise. ; b. 
Dec. 15, 1839; sue. 1904 (C); mar. 1872 Lady 
Maria Georgiana Julia Foz-Strangways, sist. of 
5th E. of Ilch ester (granted rank of an Earl's 
dau.). lies., Sudley Lodge, Bognor, Sussex. 

Creations. Bn. Bridport, Irel. 1794; Vise. Bridport, 
U.K. 1868 ; Duke of Bronte, Sicily, 1801 (granted first to 
Adm. Ld. Nelson, the mrrge. of whose niece with the 
2nd Bn. Bridport brought the title into this family).— 
Bear- Adm. Alex. Hood, brother of rstVisc. Hood, for his 
distinguished services against the French in several naval 
actions, some of (hem against heavy odds, was appointed 
Vice- Adm. of Gt. Britain in succession to Earl Howe, and 
was awarded the above Irish Barony and one of Gt. 
Britain ; the latter lapsed at his death, but a U.K. 
Viscty. was substituted to his late successor. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Hood.) 
Issue of present (2nd) V. : 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mre. Herbert Conic, b. 1873, 
mar. 1898 Herb. Fredk. C, Esq., son and heir of 
Sir Fredk. L. Cook, and Bfc. 
Hon. Sibyl Amy //., b. 1874. 

The deceased Hon. Alex. J no. Nelson II, b. 1876, d. 
1877. 

Hon. Maurice Henry Nelson H, heir to Viscty., b. 
i38i. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. William Nelson; 
but to Bionte Dukedom, his above elder sister.) 

Surviving issue of \siV. (bros. andsists. of present) : 
(Present Viscount, b. 1839.) 

Hon. Nina Maria, now Hon. Mrs. George Ferguson, 
V.A., a Bedchamber Woman to Queen Victoria 
1877-1901 : b. 1841, mar. 1861 Lt.-Col. Geo. Artn. F. 
Res., Pitfour, Mintlaw S.O., Aberdeensh. 

Hon. Mary, now Mchss. of Hertford, b. 1846., mar. 
1868 the Earl of Yarmouth, now 6th Marq. of H , q.v. 

Hon. William Nelson Lieut. R.N. retired, b. 1848. 

Hon. Adelaide Fanny, now Hon. Mrs. Herbert Gye, 
b. 1850, mar. 1879 the late Capt. Herb. Fredk. 6r., 
M.V.O. (d. 1906). 

Hon. Rosa Penelope, now Hon. Mrs. William Evans, 
• a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria 18S6-94 : b. 
1852, mar. 1894 the late Wm. Herb. E., Esq. (d. 1900). 

Hon. Alexander Nelson H., Priv. Sec. to H.R.H. 
the Princess of Wales, was an Extra Gent. Usher 
to the late Queen, and Comptroller of Household, I 



&c, to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Teck : b. 1854. 
Res., 23n Albemarle St., W. ; Castello di Maniaee, 
Bronte. Sicily. 
Hon. Alfred Nelson H, b. 1838. 

Hon. Victor Albert Nelson H. Priv. Sec. to Gov. of 

S. Australia, b. 1862. Club, Union. 
t)dii.-in-laiv ; 

[Hon. Mrs. Horatio 77. (Isabella Emily, dau. of Sir 
Robt. M. Mundy, K. C.M.G.), mar., 1st, 1873, the late 
Hon. Horatio Nelson Sandys H., Com. R.N. (d. 
1881) ; 2ndly, 1888, the late Percy J. E. Leveson, 
Esq. (d. 1896)— forfeiting her title.] 
Dau. of 2nd Bn. (aunt of present V) : 

(The late tst Viscount, b. 1814, d. 1904.) 

Hon. Jane Sarah, now known as Hon. Lady Hotham 
(q.v.): b. 1817, mar. three times. 

BRIENE, Viscount (Scot. 1701)— see M Lothian, 
M.of." 

BRIERLEY, Capt. Geoffrey Teale, D.S.O. 
(1900-O, R.A., a 1st class Instr. in Gunnery; 
S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

BRIGGS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Maiy 
Jane, dau. of the late Benj. C. Howell, Esq., 
Treas. of Barbados), mar. 1857 Sir Thos. G. 
Briggs, 1st and only Bt. (d. 1887). Bes., 18 
Alexander St., Westbourne Pk., W. 

BRIGGS, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eliza- 
beth Charlotte, dau. of Jas. Gruar, Esq.), mar. 
1889, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. Hy. Briggs, Ch. Clerk 
to Admiralty (d. 1897) ; has edited her husb.'s 
work on Naval Administrations. 

BRIGHT, Knight. Sir Joseph Bright, Kt. 
Bach. (igo5), thrice Mayor of Nottingham, 
widower. 

BRIGHT, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady B. 
(Catherine, dau. of Sir Wm. Miles, 1st Bt.), 
mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Robt. O. Bright, G.C.B. (d. 
1896). Bes., 71 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W.— 
(2) Lady B. (Hannah Barrick, dau. of Jno. 
Taylor, Esq., of Beilevue, HulP, mar. 1853 Sir 
Chas. T. Bright, C.E., M.P. (d. 1888). Bes., 
74 West Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

BRIGHT, Charles Edward, C.M.G. (1883), 
twice Chmn. Melbourne Harb. Trust, Commissi', 
to several Exhibitions : b. 1829, mar. 1868 the 
following. Bes., 98 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

BRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 3rd 
Vise. Canterbury (q.v.) and wife of preceding. 

BRIGHT, Maj. Richard George Tyndall, 
C.M.G. (1901), Rifle Brigade; Uganda 1897-8, 
Juba 1898-9, empld. on surves 7 of frontier of 
Abyssinia and Brit. Protect. 1899-1902 : b. 1872. 
Club, Windham. 

BRIGHT, William Robert, C.S.I. (1901), in 
I.C.S. as Magistrate, Collector, &c, from 1880, 
late Insp.-Gen. of Police in Bengal, now Opium 
Agent at Behar : b. 1857. Bes., Behar, Bengal. 

BRINCKMAN, Baronet. Sir Theodore 
Francis Brinckman, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1831), C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. E. 
Kent Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 1900-2 : son 
of 2ndBt., b. 1862, sue. 1905, mar. 1895, 2nd wife 
(divorced by 1st), Mary Frances, dau. of the late 
Capt. J. H. Linton. Heir, his son Theodore 
Ernest Warren (b. 1898 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Roderick Napoleon, b. 1902). Seat, St. Leonard's, 
Windsor; town res., 34 Grosvenor St., W. 

BRIND, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eleanor : 
Elizabeth Lumley, dau. of the late Rev. Hy. | 
T. Burne), mar. 1873, as 5th wife, Gen. Sir Jas. 
Brind, G.C.B. (d.1888). 

BRINDLE, Mgr. Rt. Rev. Robert, D.S.O. 
(1898), R.C. Bp. of Nottingham, prev. Assist. Bp. 
of Westminster and Domest. Chapl. to the Pope, : 
Acting Chapl. to 5th Vol. Batt. L'pool Regt. ; : 
Egypt 1882-4, Soudan and Nile 1884-6 and 1898, 



N 



1^2 



BRI 



Directory of Peerage, 



BRO 



Dongola i8g6: b. 1837. Address, St. Barnabas 
Cathedral, Nottingham. 

BRINTON, Maj. John Chatter, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905% D.S.O. (1900-1}, B:A., 2nd Life 
Gds., Extra A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ir'eld. ; Nile 
1898 (Omdurman) and S. Africa 1899-1900 as an 
A.D.C. : b. 1867. 

BRISBANE, Archbishop of. Most Rev. St. 
Clair George Alfred Donaldson, D.D. , 1st 
Abp, and 4th Bp:, late Vie. of Hackney Wick 
and Beet, of Hornsey : b. i8c>3j cons. 1904. lies., 
Bishopsbourne, Brisbane. 

The above is a new Province parted off (as Victoria 
also has been) from that of N.S. Wales. It includes the 
Dioceses of Brisbane, Rockhampton, North Queensland, 
Carpentaria, and New Guinea. 

BBISCO, Baronet. Sir Musgrave Horton 
Brisco, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1782), a D.L. and Co. Aid. 
for Cumberld., formerly Lieut. Cumbd. and West- 
morld. Yeom. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1884, 
mar. 1867, as 2nd husb., Mary Elizabeth, dan. of 
Sir Wm, H. Feilden, 2nd Bt., and widow of j 
Capt. B.N. Fedder. Heir, his son Hylton Ralph 
(b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s nephew Aubrey Hylton, 
b. 1S73). Seats, Crofton Hall, Wigton, Cumb. ; j 
Coghurst, Hastings. 

*# # The family name is derived from Brisgauin Suabia, 
from which place a company of free lances accompanied 
Wm. the Conqueror to England. 

BRISE (RUGGLES-), Knight. Sir Evelyn 
(John) Buggles-Brise, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Chmn. j 
of Joint Bds. of Convict Prisons, prev. a Priv. 1 
Sec. to successive Home Sees. (1883-91) : b. 1857. 
Res., 41 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

BRISE (RUGGLES-), Lady Dorothea Louisa, 
dau. of 7th D. of Athcll. 

BRISTOL, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. George For- 
rest Browne, 48th Bp. of Bristol (1st of new 
creation), D.D., D.C.L., F.S.A., late Bp. Suff. of 
Stepney, formerly Canon of St. Paul's, also Disney 
Prof, of Archaeology at Cambridge and Secretary 
for Local Exams, and Lectures : b. Dec. 4. 1833, 
cons. 1895 to Stepney, trans, to Bristol 1897 on 
the separation of that See from Glouc., ent. Lords 
1903 (C), widower. Bes., The Palace, Redland 
Grn., Bristol. 

BRISTOL, Marquess of. Frederick "William 
John Ilervey (pron. Harvey}, 3rd Marq. (U.K.), 
M.A., Lord Lieut, of Suffolk, a Co. Aid. for 
W. Div. of Co., and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Suffk. 
Regt. (Mil.) ; an M.P. 1859-64 (as Earl Jemryn) : 
son of 2nd M. ; b. June 28, 1834 ; sue. 1864 (C.) ; 
mar. 1862 Geraldine Georgiana Mary, dau. of 
the late Gen. the Hon. Geo. Anson, son of 1st 
Vise. Anson (Lichfield line). Seat, IckworthPk., 
Bury St. Edmunds. 

Creations. Bn. Hervey, Eng. 1703; E. of Bristol, Gt. 
Br. 1714; M. of Bristol and Earl Jermyn, U.K. 1826.— 
«)no. Hervey, a distinguished M.P., received the 1st 
Barony and Earldom. The 5th Earl (F.R.S. and F.S.A.) 
was raised to the Marquessate. 

Titlkd Relatives. 
(Hervey.) 
Issue of present (3rd) M. : 

Lady Katherine Adine Geraldine, now Lady K. 
Brummond, b. 1864, mar. 1886 Allan Harvey D., 
Esq., descendt. of the Strathallan Viscts. Res., 
7 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., 8.W. 
Lady Alice Adeliza, now The Lady Hylton, b. 1874. 
mar. 1896 Hon. Hylton G. Hylton Jolliffe, now 3rd 
Bn. Hylton, q.v. 

Surviving issue of 2nd M. (bro. and sists. of 
present) 
(Present Marquess, b. 1834.) 

Lady Adeliza Georgiana, now Adeliza, Ctss. of 
Clancarty <q.Y.), b. 1843, inar. 1866 the late 4th Earl 
of C. (d. 1891). 



Lady Mary Katharine Isabella H. } 'h. 1843. R'es., with 

the Marq. at Ickworth Fk. 
Lord Francis B., M. A., barrister-at-law, a Civ. Serf. 

Commissr. and Co. Aid. for W. Suffolk, .ah M.P. 

1874-80 and 1885-92: b. 1846. Res., 34 Buckingham 

Pal. Marisns., S.W. 
— D au. -in-law : 

Lady Augustus Hi (Mariana, dau. of W. P. Hddnett, 

Esq., and widow of Ash ton Benyon, Esq.), mar. 

1861, 2nd husb., the late Lord Augustus Henry 

Charles H., M.P. (d. 1875). Res., Hampton Court 

Palace, Middx. Eld. son (heir pres. to Mar- 

quessate) : 

Frederick William Fane H., Esq., Capt. R.N., 
M.P. for Bury St. Edmds. «/.), b. 1863 mar. 1896 
Alice Frances Theodora, dau. of the late G. E. 
Wythes, Esq. Res., Ickworth Lodge, Bury St. 
Edmds. (2nd heir, his bro. Walter John, b. 1865.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA- see "Columbia." 

BBITTAN, Maj. Reginald, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Notts, and Derb. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-1, prev. Supt. of Gymnasia in E. Dist. : 
b. 1865. Bes., Hafodneddyn, Llandilo S.O., 
Carmarths. 

BRITTEN, Hon. Mrs. Richard, dau. of 1st 
Vise. Colville of Culross. 

BROAD, Staff -Capt. George Alexander, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), R.N. : Arctic Expedn. 
1875, now comdg. Roy. Yacht 'Alberta : ' b. 1844. 
Bes., Avoca, Alverstoke, Gosport. 

BROADBENT, Baronet. Sir "William Henry 
Broadbent, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1893), K.C.V.O. (1901), 
M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.C.P., a Phys. in Ord. 
to H.M. and H.R.H. the Piince of Wales, 
Consg. Phys. to St. Mary's Hosp., Lond. Fever 
Hosp., Victoria Hosp. for Children, &c, Past 
Pres. of London Medical and other Socs., author 
of various med. works : son of the late Jno. Broad- 
bent, Esq., of Huddersfield; b. 1835, mar. 1863 
Eliza, dau. of Jno. Harpin, Esq. Heir, his son 
John Francis Harpin, M.D. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son "William Francis, b. 1904). Bes., 84 
Brook St., Grosvenor Sq., "W. 

BROADBENT, Col. John Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1898), R.E. retd. (1902) ; Tirah 1897-8, has 
been Assist. See. Mil. Dept. Ind. Govt, and Ch. 
Engr. for Mil. "Works, Punjab: b. 1845, mar. 
1900 the following. Bes., Fynesbury, Reading. 

BROADBENT, Hon. Mrs. John, wife of pre- 
ceding and dau. of 17th Bn. Saye and Sele. 

BROADFOOT, Col. Archibald, C.B. (Mil. 
1894^, R.A. retd. (1898) ; Bhutan 1865-6. 
Abyss. 1868, Afghn. 1878-80, Mahsud Waziri, and 
Burma 1885-6: b. 1843. Bes., Duncree, Newton 
Stewart, "Wigtownsh. 

BRO AD WOOD, Col. Arthur, C.V.O. (1905), 
iate comdg. Lowland Grouped Regtl. Dist. as 
Brig. -Gen., now a Vol. Inf. Brigade, ret. 1906; 
Suakin : b. 1849. Res., 54 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BROADWOOD, Maj .-Gen. Robert George, 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 12th Lancers, an A.D.C. 
to H.M. ; Dongola 1896, Nile 1897-8, S. Africa 
1900-1, now comdg. troops at Hong Kong, prev. 
Orange Riv. Col. : b. 1862. Bes., Hong Kong. 

BROCKLEBANK, Baronet. Sir Thomas 
Brocklehank, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1885), M.A. : son of 
1st Bt., b. 1848, sue. igo5, mar. 1872 Agnes Lydia, 
dau. of the late Sir Jas. J. Allport. Heir, his son 
Aubrey (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Thomas 
Aubrey Lawies, b. 1899). Seats, The Hollies, 
Woolton, Liverpool ; Greenlands and Irton Hall, 
both Holmrook S.O., Cumbd. 

BROCKLEBANK, Hon. Mrs. Aubrey, dau. of 
Bn. Allerton and wife of above heir. 

BROCKLEBANK, Lieut. John Jasper, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), istDrgn. Gds. ; S. Africa 1899-1901, now 



BKO 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



&RO 163 



with Nth. Nigeria Regt. : b. 1875 (son of above 
Bt,). 

BROCKLEHURST, Baronet. Sir Philip Lee 
Brocklehurst, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1903), 2nd Lieut. 
Derb. Imper. Yeom. : son of 1st Bt., b. 1887, sue. 
1904. Heir pres., his bro. Henry Courtney (b. 
1888 ; no 2ndheir). Seat, Swythamley Pk., Staffs., 
and Beech Hall, both nr. Macclesfield. 

BROCKLEHURST, Baronet's Widow. Lady 
B. (Annie Lee, dau. of the late Samuel Dewhurst, 
Esq.), mar. 1884 Sir Philip Lancaster Brockie- 
hurst, 1st Bt. (d. 1904). Res., 1 Stanhope Terr., 
Hyde Pk., W. 

BROCKLEHURST, Col. John Fielden, C.V.O. 

(1901) , C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late Roy. Horse Gds. ; 
Egypt 1882, Nile 1884-5, anf i s - Africa 1899, now 
Lord Lieut, of Rutland and an Equerry to H.M. 
Queen Alexandra: b, 1852. lies., Ranksbrough, 
Oakham. 

BRODIE, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Vincent 
Sellon Brodie, 3rd Bt. of Boxford {U.K. 1834), 
M.A., F.S.A.,barrister-at-law, a C.C. for Surrey : 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1862, sue. 1880, widower. Heir, 
his son Benjamin Colin (b. 1888; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
1st cousin Alfred Waldegrave, b. 1851). Res., 
Brockham "Warren, Betchworth S.O., Surrey. 

BRODIE, Lady Eleanor (Brodie of Brodie), 
dau. of 2nd E. of Ducie. 

BRODIE, Maj. Ian Ashley Moreton, D.S.O. 

(1902) , Lovat's Scouts Imper. Yeom., formerly 
Lieut. Scots Gds. ; S. Africa 1900-2, is Lord Lieut, 
of Nairnsh. : b. 1S68 (grandson of 2nd E. of 
Ducie).' Res., Brodie Castle, Forres, Elginsh. 

BRODIE, Lady Maria, dau. of 8th Earl 
Waldegrave. 

BRODRICK, family name of Midleton 
Viscounty, q.v. for " Hons." 

BRODRICK, Baron (Gt. Br. 1796), Imper. title 
of Vise. Midleton, also Irish title (1715). 

BRODRICK, Priv. Counc. and Peer's Son. 
Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) William St. John 
Fremantle Brodrick, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1897), M.A., 
a D.L. for Surrey, late an M.P. (C), and Sec. 
of State for India and for War, prev. Under 
Sec. for For. Affairs and to War Dept., is Hon. Coi. 
Surrey Imper. Yeom. : eld. son and heir of Vise. 
Midleton, b. 1856, mar., 1st, 1880, the late Lady 
Hilda Charteris (d. 1901) ; 2ndly, 1903, Madeleine 
Cecilia Carlyle (Hon. Mrs. St. John B.), dau. of 
the late Col. Hon. J. C. Stanley (son of 2nd Bn. 
Stanley of Alderley) and Lady St. Holier. Res., 34 
Portland PI., W. 

BROGHILL, Baron (Irel. 1628)— see "Cork 
and Orrery, E. of." 

BROKE (DE-CAPELL-),— see "Brooke." 

BROMBY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Charles Henry 
Bromby, D.D., was 2nd Bp. of Tasmania 1864-82, 
aftds. Bp. Assist, to the late Bp. of Bath and 
Wells : b. 1814, widower. Res., Bristol. 

BROMFIELD, Capt. Harry Hickman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Wales Bords. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1869. Res., Penlanole, Rhayader, Radnorsh. 

BROMHEAD, Baronet. Sir Benjamin Par- 
nell Bromhead, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1806), C.B. (Mil. 
1889), Col. in I.A. Supermini. List, served in 
Afghan War 1878-80 and in Soudan, Sikkim, 
and Hazara 1891 Expedns. ; has been Gov. of 
Aitchison Coll., Lahore: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1838, 
sue. 1870, widower. Heir, his son Edward 
Gonville, Capt. I.A. (b. 1869 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son Benjamin Denis Gonville, b. 1900). Seat, 
Thurlby Hall, Lincoln. 

BROMHEAD, Col. Charles James, C.B. (Mil. 



1893), Ashanti 1873-4, Zululd., and Burma 1887-9, 
comd. 24th Regtl. Dist. 1892-7, retired 1897 : b. 
1840 (bro. of preceding). Club, U. Serv. 

BROMLEY, Baronets' Wipows. (i) Lady B. 
(Adela Augusta, dau. of tbe late Westley Rich- 
ards, Esq.), mar. 1873 Sir Henry Br0mley,5th Bt. 
(d. 1905). Res., Ash well, Oakham.— (2 ) Hon. 
Lady B. (Hon. Lilian, nee Pauncefote, dau. of the 
late Bn. Pauncefote), mar. 1900 Sir Robt. Brom- 
ley, 6th Bt. (d. 1906). — For his successor see 
"Wilson (Bromley-)." 

BROMLEY, John, C.B. (Civ. 1904), Acet.-Gen. 
to Bd. of Education, has been on spec. serv. in 
Meditn. and Natal : b. 1849. ^ es -> Sutton Corner, 
Seaford S.O., Sussex. 

BRONTE, Duke of (Sicily 1801)— see "Brid- 
port, Vise." 

BROOK, Maj.-Gen. Edmund Smith, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), Zululd. 1879, Transvaal 1881, Ind. Frontier 
1897-8, and S. Africa 1901-2, now comdg. troops 
in Cape Colony : b. 1845. Res., Cape Town. 

BROOK, Herbert Arthur, I.S.O. (1905), 
M.L.C. and Registr. of Records in the Bahamas ; 
b. 1855. Res., Charlotte Street, Nassau. 

BROOKE, Baron (Eng. 1621)— see "Warwick, 
E. of ." For Lord Brooke, see below. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Armitage Bridge. Sir 
Thomas Brooke, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1899), F.S.A., a 
D.L. (late Chmn. Q.S.) for W. Riding, a Dir. of 
L. &N. W. Rail., late Lt.-Col. comdg. 5th W. Rid. 
Rif. Vols. : son of the late Thos. Brooke, Esq., 
b. 1830, mar. 1902, 3rd wife, Mary, widow of 
Rev. Chas. F. Forster and dau. of Jas. Priestly, 
Esq. Heir, none. Seat, Arrnitagc Bridge, Almond- 
bury, Huddersfield. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Oolebrooke. Sir Arthur 
Douglas Brooke, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1822), F.Z.S., a 
D.L. for Fermanagh (High Sheriff 1896) : son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1891, mar. 1887 Gertrude 
Isabella, dau. of the late Stanlake R. Batson, Esq. 
Heir, his son Basil Stanlake (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Victor Mervyn, b. 1893). Seat, Cole- 
brooke Pk., Brookeborough S.O., Co. Fermanagh. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Norton. Sir Richard 
Marcus Brooke, 8th Bt. (Eng. 1662), a D.L. for 
Cheshire, formerly in 1st Life Gds. : son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1850, sue. 1888, mar. 1883 Alice, dau. of 
the late Jno. S. Crawley, Esq. Heir, his son 
Richard Christopher (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 
bro. Basil Poynings, b. 1853) . Seat, Norton Priory, 
Halton, Euncorn. Cheshire. 

BROOKE, Baronet of Oakley— see "Brooke 
(De-Capell-)." 

BROOKE, Baronet of Surnmerton. Sir George 
Frederick Brooke, 1st Tit. (U.K. 1903), a D.L. 
for City of Dublin, High Sheriff of Wexford 
1882, and of Co. Dublin 1898, head of a Dublin firm 
of wine merchants and Dep. Gov. of the Bank of 
Ireld. : son of the late Fras. R.Brooke, Esq.,b. 1849, 
mar. 1881, 2nd wife, Emily Alma, dau. of the late 
Augustine H. Barton, Esq. Heir, his son George 
(b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, son by 2nd mrrge., Francis 
Hugh, b. 1882). Seat, Surnmerton, Castleknock 
S.O., Co. Dublin. 

BROOKE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Henrietta, 
Lady B. of Colebrooke (Alice Sophia, dau. of 
Sir Alan E. Bellingham, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1864 
Sir Victor Alex. Brooke, 3rd Bt. (d. 1891). Res., 
"Villa Jouvence,Pau, France. — (2) Henrietta, Ladv 
B. of Norton (Henrietta Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
Harry Mainwaring, 2nd Bt.), mar. 1871, as 
2nd wife, Sir Richard Brooke, 7th Bt. (d. 1888). 
Res., 73 Eceleston Sq., S.W.— (3) See " Brooke, 
De-Capell-." 



N 2 



1 64 BBO 



BROOKE, Earl {&ti Br. 1746)— see "War- 
wick." 

BROOKE, KnicHt (1) arid Raja. Sir Charles 
Anthony Brooke, . G.C.M.G. (1888), R.N. retd. 
(1852) , now H.H. the Raja of Sarawak (succeeding 
1868 his uncle, whose name he assumed in lieu of 
Johnson) : b. 1829, mar. 1869 Margaret Alice 
Lilly (H.H. the Rani of Sarawak), dau. of Clayton 
de Windt, Esq.. Heir (as Raja), his son Charles 
Vyner, Raja Muda (b. 1874; 2nd heir, next son, 
Bertram W. D., Tuan Muda). lies., The Astana, 
Saiawak ; Chesterton, Cirencester. 

BROOKE, Knight (2). Sir William Robert 
Brooke, K.C.I.E. (1895), late Dir.-Gen. of Tele- 
graphs in India : b. 1842, mar. 1870 Evelyn, dau. 
of Jno. Simons, Esq. Bes., 62 Albert Gt. 
Mansns., 219 Knightsbridge, S.W. 

BROOKE, Lord (by courtesy — see Bn. B. 
above), elder son and heir of E. of Warwick. 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 3rd 
Vise. Monck. 

BROOKE, Hon. Mrs. Hope, dau. of 9th Vise. 
Barrington. 

BROOKE, Col. Lionel Godolphin, C.B. (Mil. 

1900- 1), Zululd. 1879 and S. Afr. War 1899 (comdg. 
Connaught Rangers), late a Brig.-Gen. comdg. 
S. Irish Grouped Regtl. Dist., ret. 1906, now 
comdg. Nth. Lanes. Vol. Inf. Brigade : b. 1849 
(cousin of twofollg.). Bes., Vicar's Croft, Galwav. 

BROOKE, Lt.-Col. Ronald George, D.S.O. 
(1898), 11th Hussars ; Chitral Relief 1895, Matabe- 
leld., Tirah 1897-8, and Khartoum, S. Africa 
1899-1902, part as an A.D.C., late a D.A.A.G. to 
Headqrs. Staff in Sornalild. : b. 1866 (bro. of above 
Bt. of Colebrooke, as is follg.). 

BROOKE, Maj. Victor Reginald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), 9th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1900, and 

1901- 2 as A.D.C., now Assist. Mil. Sec. and 
Interp. to Com.-in-Ch., India : b. 1873 (see pre- 
ceding). 

BROOKE, Lady Wilhelmina, dau. of 4th E. 
of Dartmouth. 

BROOKE (DE-CAPELL-), Baronet. Sir 
Arthur Richard De-Capell-Brooke, 5th Bt. 
(U.K. 1803), B.A., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. in 
Northants. Mil., served in S. Africa 1902, is a C.C. 
for Northants., High Sheriff of Rutland 1899 : 
son of 4th Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1892, mar. 1897 Fanny 
Cecil Talbot, dau. of Capt. Duncan M'Neill. Heir 
pres., his bro. Edward Geoffrey (b. 1880; 2nd 
heir, their uncle Charles Edward, b. 1844). Seats, 
Gt. Oakley Hall, Kettering, Northants. ; Aghadoe 
House, Killeagh, Co. Cork. 

*#* The family surname has varied between De Capeil, 
Broke, Brooke, paid Supple. The present compound form 
is that adopted by the 1st Bt. and restored by the 4th 
after the 2nd had varied it to De-O.-Broke. 

BROOKE (DE-CAPELL-) , Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady De-C. -B. (Mary Grace, dau. of the 
late Rt. Rev. Edwd. Trollope, Bp. Suff. of Not- 
tingham), mar. 1867 Sir Richd. L. De-Capell- 
Brooke, 4th Bt. (d. 1892). Res., Hill House, 
Woodford, Thrapston, N'thants. 

BROOKS, family name of Crawsiiaw Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons." 

BROOKS, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Jane, 
dau. of the late Col. Sir David Davidson, K.C.B.), 
mar. 1879, as 2nd wife, Sir Wm. Cunliife Brooks, 
1st and only Bt. (d. 1900). (The Mchss. of 
Huntly is the late Bt.'s dau. by 1st wife.) 

BROOME, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Mary 
Anne, dau. of the late Walter G. Stewart, Esq., 
aftds. Lady Barker), mar. 1855, 2nd hush., Sir 
Fredk. N. Broome, K.C.M.G., Gov. of W. Aus- 



BRO 



tralia, Trinidad, &c. (d. i8o5). Res., 42 Eaton 
Terr., S.W. " " ' 

BROUGHAM, family name of follg. Barony. 

BROUGHAM and VAUX (pron. Broom and 
Vawks), Baron. Henry Charles Brougham, 3rd 
Bn. (£T.A".),K.C.V.O. (1905), aD.L.forCumbd. and 
Westmoiid., and C.C. for latter, formerly a clerk 
in H. of Lords : son of 2nd Bn. and nephew of 1st 
(the distinguished statesman); b. Sept. 2, 1836; 
sue. 1886 (L.U.) ; mar. 1882 Adora Frances Olga, 
dau. of Peter Wells, Esq., and widow of Sir 
Richd. C. Musgrave, 11th Bt. of Edenhall, M.P. 
Seats, Brougham Hall, Penrith, Cumb. ; Chateau 
Eleonore, Cannes ; town res. , 36 Chesham PI. , S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Brougham and Vaux, U.K., orig. 1830, 
2nd patent i860 extending succession to the brother (takes 
precedence from the latter, as the title based upon the 
former would have become extinct). — Henry, Lord 
Brougham, the eminent lawyer, statesman, and writer, 
was appointed Lord Chancellor with the above double 
title of Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Brougham.) 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn. : 
Hon. Eleanor Mabel B., 1883. 
A deceased dau., b. & d. 1885. 

Hon. Henry Z>., heir to Barony, b. 1887. (2nd heir, 
his 1st cousin Wilfrid Francis, b. 1864, son of late 
Hon. Wilfrid.) 

Issue of 2nd Bn. (bro. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1838.) 

Hon. Alice Eleanora, now Hon. Mrs. Thomas 
Edivurdis, b. abt. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Rev. the 
Hon. Thomas E., son of 2nd Bn. Kensington, q.v. 

Hon. Emily Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Dug- 
more, b. 1839, mar. 1867 the late Capt. Eras. Sandys 
D. (d. 1898). Res., Brockhurst, Guernsey. 

Hon. Adela Mary Grenville, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 
C'oofc, b. 1S46, mar. 1883 Chas. Archer C, Esq.. Res., 
SullinKstead, Hascombe, Godalming. 

Hon. Reginald Thomas Dudley B., b. 1853, raar., 1st 
1884, the late Augusta Louisa, dau. cf Arth. W. 
Ward, Esq., who obtd. a divorce 1900 and died 1902: 
zndly, 1900, Isabella Augusta (Hon. Mrs. Reginald 
B.), dau. of the late Saiul. L. Schuster, Esq., and 
divorced wife of Eras. C. Baring, Esq. Res., 
15 Hans PL, Chelsea, S.W. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Wilfrid B. (Maria Sophia, dau. of the 
late Col. Faunce), mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, the late 
Hon. Wilfrid B. (d. 1904). 

BROUGHTON (pron. Brawton) Barony ( U.K. 
1S51) — extinct 1S69 on death of 1st and only Bn. 
(surname Hobhouse) : 

Surviving Daughtehs. 
Hon. Charlotte, now Charlotte, Lady Dorchester, 
q. v.,b. 1831, mar. 1854 the late 4th Bn. D. (d. 1897). 
Hon. Sophia, now Ctss. of Roden, q.v. (Widow), b. 
1832, mar. 1831 the late 5th Earl of R. (d. 1807). 

BROUGHTON, Baronet. Sir Delves Louis 
Broughton, 10th Bt. (Eng. 1660), late Lieut. 4th 
Batt. N. Staffs. Regt, (Mil.) : son of 9th Bt., b. 
1857, sue. 1899, mar. 1887, 2nd wife, Mary Evelyn, 
dau. of the late Rowland H. Cotton, Esq. Heir, his 
son Henry John Delves (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next 
son, Brian Evelyn Delves, b. 1S93). Scats, Dod- 
dington Pk., Nantwich. Chesh. ; Broughton 
Hall, Eccleshall S.O., Staffs. 

BROUN, Baronet. Sir William Bioun, 10th 
Bt. (Scot. 1686), son of 9th Bt., b. 1848, sue. 
1882, mar. 1871 Alice Jane, dau. of the late Jas. C. 
Peters, Esq. Heir, his son James Lionel (b. 1875 ; 
2nd heir, next son, William Arthur, b. 1S76). 
Res., Dalblair, Winton, N. S. Wales. 

*#* 'Debrett' still regards the title of this Bfc. as 
doubtful, but 'Burke' accepts it without hesitation. 
I There is an old tradition in this family associated with 
i the " Colstoun Pear," a singular specimen of fruit which 



Directory of Peerage, 



BRO 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BHO 165 



is still preserved, and which is said to have heen given to 
a lady on her marriage by her ancestor Hugo de Gifford, 
a noted necromancer, who professed to have endued it 
with the faculty of conferring prosperity upon any one 
who possessed it. 

BROWN", Baronet of Astrop, Sir Melville 
Richmond Brown, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1863), G'apt. and 
Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. Devonsb. Regt. (Mil.) : son 
of 2nd Bt., b. 1866, sue. 1906. Heir pres., his bro. 
Frederick Richmond (b. 1868 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son Charles Frederick Richmond, b. 1902). Seat, 
Astrop Pk., King's Sutton, N'thants., nr. Ban- 

j bury; town res., 34 Chesham PL, S.W. 

BROWN, Baronet of Broome Hall. Sir 
Alexander Hargreaves Brown, 1st Bt. {U.K. 
1902) , late an M.P. {L. U.) , is Hon. Col. 1st Lanes. 
Vol. ArtilL, formerly a Cornet in 5th Drgn. Gds. : 
son of the late Alex. Brown, Esq., of Beilby 
Grange, Yorks. ; b. 1844, mar. 1876 Henrietta 

J Agnes Terrell, dau. of Chas. R. Blandy, Esq., of 
Madeira. Heir, his son Gordon Hargreaves, 
Lieut, in Army (b. 1880 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Walter Hargreaves, b. 1881). Seat, Broome Hall, 
Holnxwood, Dorking ; town res., 12 Grosvenor 

I Gdns., S.W. 

BROWN, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. of 
Astrop (Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Wm. T. B. 
Mountsteven), mar. 1862 Sir Wm. Richmond 

I Brown, 2nd Bt. (d. 1906). 

BROWN,Knight (1). Sir Charles Gage Brown, 
K.C.M.G. (1897), M.D., LL.D.. F.R.C.P.E., late 

I Phys. and Med. Adviser to Colon. Off. (1874-97), 
also for some time to For. and Audit Offs. : b. 
1826, mar. 1855 Mary Anne, dau. of the late Wm. 
M'P. Rice, Esq. Res., 88 Sloane St., S.W. 

BROWN, Knight (2). Sir John M'Leavy 
Brown, Kt. Bach. (1906), C.M.G. (1898), Ch. 
Commissr. of Corean Customs, formerly Acting 

! Chinese Sec. at Peking, accompd. Chinese Mission 
to Europe 1868: b. 18-. Res., Seoul, Corea. 

1 BROWN, Knight (3). Maj. Sir Robert Han- 
bury Brown, K.C.M.G. (1902), R.E. retd. (1893), 
served in Afghanistan 1878-80, aftds. in Bengal 

\ Irrigation Dept., later Insp.-Gen. in Egypt in 
connection with the Nile Reservoir : b. 1849, mar. 

: 1878 Marian, dau. of Rev. Edwin Meyrick. Res., 
Newlands. Crawley Down S.O., Sussex. 

! BROWN, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady B. 
(Frances Caroline, dau. of Chas. Baker, Esq., and 
widow of Russell Jeffrey, Esq.), mar. 1883,2nd 
wife to 2nd husb., Surg.-Gen. Sir Jno. Campbell 
Brown, K.C.B. (d. 1890). Res., 3 South Terr., 
Adelaide, S.A.— (2) Lady B. (Margaret, dau. 
of Jas. Smith, Esq., of Stroud), mar. i860 Sir 
Geo. T. Brown, Kt. Bach., C.B. (d. 1906). Res., 
Orme Lodge, Stanmore, Middx. 

I BROWN, Charles, CLE. (1903), late Insp.- 
Gen. of Police, Punjab, and Under Sec. to Govt, 
in Home Dept. (ret. 1904), had charge of Police 

1 arrangemts. during Delhi Durbar f estivities 1902-3 : 

I b. 1849. Res., Southend Lodae, Cheltenham. 

BROWN, Frederick, I.S.O. (1906), a Prine. 

I Clerk in Contract Dept. Admiralty. 

BROWN, Col. Frederick John, C.B. (Mil. 
j 1900-1 ), Essex Regt. retd. (igo6); Soudan 1884-5 and 

j S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1857. Club, Jun. U. Serv. 
BROWN, George, I.S.O. (1903), Ch. Clk. 
Friendly Socs. Registry: b. 1848. 

BROWN, Harpy, I.S.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools to Ed. of Educn. : b. 1843. Res., 6 
Ravensworth Terr., Durham. 

BROWN, Miss Mary Margaret Annesley, 
I.S.O. (1903), Supt. Postal Order Branch, G.P.O. : 
b. 1857. R&s., iq Foixlwych Rd. s W. Hampstead, 
N.W. 



BROWN, Col. William James, C.B. (Civ, 1897), 
V.D., Hon. Col. 17th Middx. Rifle Tols. ; b. 

1832. Res. , 7 Gloucester Terr. , Reg. Pk. , If. W. 

, BROWN (BURTON-), Brig.-Surg. ThojMS 
Edwin, CLE. (1891), M.D., formerly , Prffic. 
Lahore Med. Coll., retired from Army 1889: h. 

1833. Res., Rysiaw, 185 Willesden Ln., Brondes- \ 
bury, N W. 

BROWN (ROSDEW-), Hon. Mrs. C, dau. of 
Bn. Leith of Fyvie. 

BROWN (WREFORD-), Capt. Claude Was- 
ford (i.e. Wreford Wreford-B.), D.S.O. (igoo-i), 
N' thumb. Fus. ; Nile 1898 and S. Africa 19*3 : 
b. 1875. Res., 5 Litfield PL, Clifton, Bristol. , 

BROWN (YEATS-), Montagu, C.M.G. (1892), 
late Cons, at Boston, prev. Genoa : b. 1834. Res., 
11 Castello, Portofino, N. Italy ; English address, 
Roy. Thames Yacht Club. 

BROWNE, family name of Sligo Marqtisssate, 
Kenmare Earldom, and Kilmaine and Oran&oSe 
and Browne Baronies. Index to the three lifies 
and below (ke., Kenmare; ki., Kilmaine; o., 
Oranmore ; s., Sligo). 

Ld. Alfred Eden, s. Ly. Emily, s. Ly. Kathleen, ke. 
Ly. Aline, ki. Hn. Geoffrey L\E. o.Ly. Margaret, ke. 
Hn. Arth. Hy. ki. Hn.GeraldR.D.KE.Ly. Mary Isabel, s. 
Ld. Arth. Howe, s. Hn. Mrs. Gore, sep. Hn.Maur. H.D.xe. 
Ly. Augusta, s. Hn. Mrs. Howe, ki. Ly. Moya Mel. S. 
Ly. Cicely, ke. Ly. Isabella M. s. Ly. Muriel G.-, sep. 
Ly. Doreen Ger. s. Hn. Jno. E. D. ki. Ld.Iiichd. Howe,s. 
Ly. Dorothy, ke. Hn. Julia S. ki. Hn. Sophia, ki. 
Ly. Eileen Ag. s. Hn.Kathleen M. o.Ld. Terence M. s. 

BROWNE, Baron — see " Oranrnor© and 
Browne " (surname Browne-Gnthrie) . 

BROWNE, Bishop— see " Bristol." 

BROWNE, Knight (1). Sir Benjamin Chap- 
man Broxone, Kt. Bach. (1887), D.C.L., M.I.C.E., 
Chmn. of Hawthorn, Leslie, and Co., engineers 
and shipbuilders ; a D.L. for N'thumbd., twice 
Mayor of Newcastle : b. 1839, mar. 1861 Annie, 
dau. of the late R. T. Atkinson, Esq. Res., West- 
acres, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

BROWNE, Knight (2) — see "Browne 
(Crichton-)." 

BROWNE, Knight (3). Gen. Sir James 
Frankfort Manners Browne, K.C.B. (Mil. lSgS), 
R.E. retd. (1888), now Col. Comdt., served in 
Crimea and was Gov. of Roy. Mil. Acad. Wool- 
wich 1880-7: b. 1823 (grandson of 2nd Bn. 
Kilmaine), widower. Res., 19 Roland Gdns., S. 
Kens., S.W. 

BROWNE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lucy, 
dau. of R. C. Sherwood, Esq.), mar. i860, Gen. 
Sir Saml. J. Browne, G.C.B., U(£ (d. 1901). Res., 
The Wood, Ryde, I:W. 

BROWNE, Albert, I.S.O. (1903), Colon. Treas. 
Orange River Colony and an M.E.C and M.L.C, : 
has been employed in Cyprus, Basutold., &c. : b. 
i860. Res., Bloemfontein. 

BROWNE, Maj. -Gen. Arthur George 
Frederic, C.B. (Mil. 1903), D.S.O. (1890), LA., j 
Afghn. 1878-9, Burma 1886 and 1891-2, Lushai, j 
Chitral Relief ,Tirah 1897, &c.,now eomdg. Gharwal j 
Brigade and Col. 4th Gurkha Rifles: b 1851. I 
Res., Gharwal, Burma. 

BROWNE, Charles Macaulay, C.M.G. (1900), j 
Sen. Mernb. of Exec, and Legisl. Councils of i 
Grenada: b. 1846. Res'., Melrose, Grenada. 

BROWNE, Lieut. Charles Michael, D.S.O. 
(1903), R.E., Waziris igoi-2, now an Assist. Supt. 
of Ind. Survey: b. 1878. Address, Survey Dept., 
Calcutta. 

BROWNE, Col. Edward Stevenson, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), W (1879), late S. Wales Borderers; 
Griqualand 1875, Zululand 1878-9, late comdg. 
11th Inf. Brigade : b. 1852. 



1 66 BRO Directory of Peerage, BEO 



BROWNE, Hon. Geoffkey, son and. heir of 
Bn. Oranmore and B. 

BROWNE, George, I.S.O. (1903), Judges' 
Associate, Curator of Intestate Estates, and 
Regist. of Bankruptcy to Supr. Ct., Tasmania : 
b. 1838. Res., Hobart. 

BROWNE, Maj.-Gen. George Fitzherbert, 

C. B. (Mil. 1905), D.S.O. (1888), late Mil. Attache at 
Peking, prev. D.A.A.G. in Ireld. and has been 
on serv. on W. Coast of Africa, now a Dir. of 
Personal Servs. : b. 1851. 

BROWNE, Hon. Mrs. Gore (name not a 
compound), dau. of 10th Bn. Rollo. 

BROWNE, Gen. Henry Ralph, C.B. (Mil. 
1905), Lt.-Gen. and Hon. Gen., Col. Norfolk 
Regt.; Crimea, Afghn. 1879-80: b. 1828. Club, 
V. Serv. 

BROWNE, Maj. John William, D.S.O. (1902), 
Maj. and Dist. Insp. Cape Mtd. Police; S. Africa 
1902. 

BROWNE, Col. Percival John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Dorset Imper. 
Yeom., formerly Lieut. 1st Drgns. ; S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1862. Res., Eifchead Magdalen, Gil- 
lingliam, Dorset. 

BROWNE, Lt.-Col. Reginald Spencer, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), comdg. 13th Australn. Lt. Horse; 
S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1855. Res., Brisbane. 

BROWNE, Col. Samuel Haslett, CLE. 
(1896), M.D., M.R.C.P., I.M.S. rctd. (1906); 
Afghn. 1878-9, Hon. Surg, to Viceroy of India, 
and Insp. -Gen. of Civ. Hosps. Bengal, late Princ. 
nnd Prof, of Medicine at Lahore Med. Coll. : 
b. 1850. Res., Calcutta. 

BROWNE, Maj.-Gen. Swinton John, C.B. 
(Mil. 1891), LA. retd. ; Mutiny 1857-9, N.W. 
Frontier 1863 and 1868, Jowaki 1877-8, Mahsud 
Waziri 1881 : b. 1837. 

BROWNE, Capt. Walter Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1905), 6th Batt. Roy. Eus. (Mil.) ; Nthn. Nigeria 
1903, now 3rd class Resident there. 

BROWNE, William, I.S.O. (1903), late Office 
of Works. Res., Newbury House, -53 Preston 
Drove, Brighton. 

BROWNE, Surg.-Gen. William Richard, 
CLE. (1905), M.D., I.M.S. Madras : b. 1850. 

BROWNE (BESSELL-), Capt. Alfred Joseph, 

D. S.O. (1902), non. Capt. to Comwth. of Australia 
Mil. Forces and in W. Austr. Civ. Serv. ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1877. Res., Adelaide Terr., Perth. 

BROWNE (CAVE-), Edward Raban, C.S.I. 
(1888), late Acet.-Gen. India Off. (ret. 1900), ent. 

E. India House 1854 : b. 1835 (nephew of Sir 
Wm. Cave-Browne-Cave, 9th Et.). Res., 16 
Beaufort Rd. , Reigate. 

BROWNE (CLIFTON-), Baronetcy (Eng. 1699), long 
deemed extinct, but now assumed by Chus. W. W. 
Clifton-Browne. The 3rd Bt. lived and died in Poland, 
and there appears to be no further record of the family. 

BROWNE (CRICHTON)- (pron. Crlton), 
Knight. Sir James Crichton-Browne, Kt. Bach. 
(1886), M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E., Lord 
Chancellor's Visitor in Lunacy, Tast Pres. of Med. 
Soc. of Lond. and Mcd.-Psycholog. Assoc., and 
Vice -Pres. and Treaa. Roy. Inst, of Gt. Brit., 
author of numerous papers and mod, and other 
works : b. 1849, widower. Res., Crindau, Dum- 
fries. 

BROWNE (GQRE-), Lady Muriel, dau. of 7th 
E. of Dunmore. 

BROWNE (HAMILTON-) , Maj. Henry, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Imper. Bushmen's Contingt. in S. Africa 
1900: b. 1863. Res., Hesperides and Silehester 
House, both nr. Sydney. 

BROWNE (SETON-), Capt, Clement Lau- 



rence Seton (i.e., C. L. Seton Seton-Browne) , 
D.S.O. (1897), LA., Tochi Valley 1897: b. 1869. 
Res., WestAvood, Central Hill, Norwood, S.E. 

BROWNING, Colin Arrott Robertson, 
CLE. (1886) , M. A. , formerly Insp.-Gen. of Educn. 
to Centr. Provs. India, ret. 1889: b. 1833. Res., 
Oak Pk., Dawlish, Devon. 

BROWNING, Lt.-Col. Winthropp Benjamin, 
CLE. (1898), I.M.S., has been Surg, to Gov. of 
Madras, is Prof, of Med. Jurisprudence to 
Madras Med. Coll : b. 1855. Res., Royapettah, 

BROWNLEE, Capt. John Innes, D.S.O. (1900- 
1), Cape Med. Bearer Corps in S. Afr. War 
1900-1 : b. i860. Res., Tembani, Alexandra Rd., 
King William's Town, Cape. 

BROWNLOW, family name of Lurg an Barony 
{not of follg.), q.v. for " Hons." and see below. 

BROWNLOW, Earl. Adelbert Welling- 
ton Brown low Gust, 3rd Earl {U.K.) and a 
Bt., P.O. (Gt. Br. 1887), V.D., Lord Lieut, of 
Lincolnsh., a D.L. for Herts., a Trustee of Nat. 
Gall., an Ecclesiast. Commissr., an A.D.C. to H.M., 
late Col. comdg. Beds. Vol. Inf. Brig., is Hon. Col. 
of other Batts. in Auxil. Forces ; formerly Under 
Sec. for War, Pari. Sec. to Loc. Govt. Bd.,Paym.- 
Gen., and Lieut. Gren. Gds., an M.P. 1866-7: 
bro. of 2nd E. and grandson of 1st (his father 
was the late Vise. Alford, who died 1851) ; b. xlug. 
19, 1844; sue. 1867 (C.) ; mar. 1868 Lady Adelaide 
Talbot, dau. of 18th E. of Shrewsbury. Scats, 
Belton House, Grantham, Lines.; Ashridge Pk., 
Berkhamsted, Herts. ; toion res., 8 Carlton House 
Terr., S.W. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1677 ; Bn. Brownlow, Gt. Br. 
1776: Earl Brownlow and Vise. Alford, U.K. i3is.— The 
4th BL. was created Bn. Brownlow in recognition of the 
services of his father, the Rt. Hon. Sir Jno. Oust, Speaker 
of the House of Commons 1761-70; his successor obtained 
the two higher titles. No issue. 
Heir pres. (to Barony and Baronetcy only) : 

Henry John Cockayne Oust, Esq., B.A., late an 
M.P. (C), a D.L. for Lines., once Editor of Pall 
Mall Gazette: gt. grandson of 1st Bn., b. 1861, 
mar. 1893 Emnieline Mary Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
Wm. E. Wei by-Gregory, 4th Bt. Res., St. James's 
Lodge, Delahay St., Westminster, »S.W. (2nd heir, 
his bro. Adelbert Salusbury Cockayne C, b. 1867.) 
BROWNLOW, Knight. Gen. Sir Charles 
Henry Brownlow, G.C.B. (Mil. 1887; K.CB. 
1872), Col. Brownlow's Punjabis, LA., served 
in Punjab and China Wars and in Hazara 
(1852-3 and 1868), Lushai, and several other 
Expedns., aftds. Assist. Mil. Sec. for Indn. Affairs 
at Horse Gds. and an A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 
now retired: b. 1831 (nephew of 1st Bn. Lurgan), 
mar. iSgoGeorgiana, dau. of the lateWm. C. King, 
Esq. Res., Waifield Hall, Bracknell, Berks. 

BROWNLOW, Col. Celadon Charles, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900), LA. Supermini. List ; Frontier 1863, 
Utmanzai, Dour Valley, Jowaki 1S77-8, Afghn., 
Miranzai (1st and 2nd) : b. 1843. & es -> 6 Cam- 
bridge Pk., Redland, Bristol. 

BROWNLOW, Lady Kathleen Susan Emma, 
dau. of 6th E. of Darnley and wife of follg. 

BROWNLOW, Maj.-Gen. William Vesey, 
C.B. (Mil. 1887), Zululd. 1S79, Transvaal 1881, 
comd. 22nd Regtl. Dist. 1889-94, ret. 1901 : b. 
1841, mar. 1904 the preceding. Res., 37 Elvaston 
PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

BROWNRIGG, Baronet. Sir Douglas Eore- 
mont Robert Brownrigg, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1816), 
Com. R.N. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1900, 
mar. 1896 Beatrice, dau. of Rt, Hon. Sir C. 
Clementi. Smith, G.C.M.G. Heir, his son Robert 
Cecil (b. 1903; no 2r4 heir). Res., White 
Waltham, Maidenhead, Berks. i 



BRO 



Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BRIT 



167 



BROWNRIGG, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Ada Cecilia Georgiana, dau. of Sir Jno. 
H. Lethbridge, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1863 Sir Henry M. 
Brownrigg, 3rd Bt. (d. 1900). lies., with present 
Bt. 

BROXMOUTH, Viscount {Scot. 1707)— see 
"Roxburghe, D. of." 

BRUCE, family name of the Elgin and Kin- 
cabdine Earldom and of the Abeedaee and Bal- 
foub of Burleigh Baronies. Index to the three 
lines, as well as to the family names Brudenell- 
Bruce (Ailesbury) and Hovell-Thurlow - Cum- 
ming-Bruce (Thublow), ab. being for Aberdare, 
ai. for Ailesbuyy, b. for Balfour, e. for Elgin, 
and t. for Thurlow : 

Hn. Alexander, e. Ha. Eva Is. M. Aii.Hn. Pamela Al. ab. 
Hn.AliceMoore.AB.Hn. Fredk. Jno. e. Hn. Pamela G. ab. 
Hn. Austin, ab. Hn. Geo. J.Gord.B. Ly. Rachel Cath. e. 
Hn. Bernard, e. Hn. Georgina, ab. Hn. Robert, e. 
Hn. Caroline L. ab.Hu. Granville, ab. Ld. Robt. Tho3. ai. 
Hn. Chas.Edwd.T. Hn. Hamilton, ab. Hn. Mrs. Thos.C.E. 
Ld. Chas. Frdk.Ai. Hn. Hy.Lyndh.AB.Ly. Ursula, ai. 
Hn. Chas. Grnv.AB.Hn. Hy. Nigel, t. Ly. Veronica, e. 
Hn. Clar. Nap. ab. Hn. Jane Ham. b. Hn. Victor Alex. e. 
Hn. Const. P. A. AB.Hn. Jno. Bern. e. Hn. Vict. Al. K. b. 
Ly. Const. Ver. e. Hn. Jno. Ham. AB.Hn. Vict.Aust. ab. 
Hn. Mrs. Cummg.-T.Ly. Louisa Marj.Ai.Ly. Violet, ai. 
Hn. David, e. Hn. Mary, b. Hn. Wm. Nap. ab. 

BRUCE, Babon— see compounds below. 
BRUCE, Baronet of Downhill— see "Bruce, 
P.C. 1." 

BRUCE, Baronet of Stenhouse. Sir William 
Waller Bruce, 10th Bt. (Scot. 1629), son of 9th 
Bt., b. 1856, sue. 1906, mar. 1892 Angelica Mary, 
dau. of the Jate Gen. Geo. Selby. Heir, his son 
Michael William Selby (b. 1894; 2nd heir, 
next son, William Nigel Ernie, b. 1895). Res., 
Elmside, West Drayton, Yiewsley S.O., Middx. 

BRUCE, Earl (U.K. 1821)— see "Ailesbury, 
M. of." 

BRUCE, Knight (1). Sir Alexander Car- 
michael Bruce, Kt. Bach. (1903), barri§ter-at- 
law, an Assist. Commisr. Metropol. Police : b. 
1850. Bes., 82 Lexham Gdns., Kens., W. 

BRUCE, Knight (2). Sir Charle3 Bruce, 
G.C.M.G. (1901; K.C.M.G. 1889), late Gov. of 
Mauritius, prev. of Windward Is. and Brit. 
Guiana and Dir. of Publ. Instr. Ceylon, is a 
D.L. for Kinross-sh. : b. 1837, mar. 1868 Clara, 
dau. of the late Jos. Lucas, Esq. Bes., Arnot 
Tower, Leslie, Kinross. 

BRUCE, Knight (3), Sir Gainsford— see P.C. 
(2) below. 

BRUCE, Knight (4). Sir George Barclay 
Bruce, Kt. Bach. (1888), late Consg. Engr. to S. 
Ind. Rail, and various lines in different countries, 
has been Pres. Inst. C.E. : b. 1821, widower. Res., 
Park End, Wark-on-Tyne S.O. ; 64 Boundary 
Rd., St. John's Wd., N.W. 

BRUCE, Knight (5). Vice-Adm. Sir James 
Andrew Thomas Bruce, K.C.M.G. (1900), served 
in China 1900, was Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 
1895-8, late on China Station, ent. Navy 1859 : 
2nd son of Rt. Hon. Sir H. H. Bruce, Bt., b. 1846, 
mar. 1877 Catherine Mary Philippa, dau. of the 
late Col. Edwin Wodehouse, C.B. Res., 3 Montagu 
Sq.,W. 

BRUCE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Alice, dau. of Dr. Chalmers, of Bengal), mar. 
1863 Lt.-Gen. Sir Hy. Le Geyt Bruce, K.C.B. 
(d. 1899). Bes., 1 East Cliff, Dover. 

BRUCE, Lord (by courtesy— see "Bruce of 
Kinloss"), eld. son and heir of E. of Elgin and 
Kincardine. 

BRUCE, Priv, Counc. (1) and Baronet of 
Downhill. Rt. Hon, Sir Henry Heevey Bruce, P.C. 
(Irel. 1889), 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1804), late Lieut, of 



Londonderry (High Sheriff 1846), Hon. Col. Lon- 
donderry Artill. (Mil.), formerly in 1st Life Gds. 
and an M.P. (6'.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1820, sue. 
1836, widower. Heir, his son Lt.-Col. Hervey 
Juckes Lloyd B. (b. 1843; 2nd heir, latter's 
son Capt. Hervey Ronald B., b. 1872). Seat, 
Downhill S.O., Co. Londonderry. 

BRUCE, Priv. Counc. (2) and Knight. Rt. 
Hon. Sir Gainsford Bruce, P.C. (G-t. Br. igo4 , i, 
Kt. Bach. (1892), D.C.L., late a Judge of King's 
Beh. Div., prev. Recorder of Bradford and Attorn.- 
Gen. for Co. Palatine of Durham, af tds. Temporal 
Chanc. for same, appd. Q.C. 1883, an M.P. 1888- 
92 (C.) : b. 1834, mar. i858 Sophia, dau. of Fras. 
Jackson, Esq., of Chertsey. Bes., Yewhurst, 
Bromley, Kent ; Gainslaw House, Berwick-upon- 
Tweed. 

BRUCE, Col. Andrew M'Crae, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), LA. Supermini. List; Bhutan 1865-6, 
Miranzai 1869 and 1891, Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 
1879-80, Mahsud Waziri, Zhob Vallev, Hazara 
1888 : b. 1842. 

BRUCE, Col. David, C.B. (Civ. 1905), F.R.S., 
R.A.M.C., S. Africa: b. 1855. Res., Artill. 
Mansns., 75 Victoria St., S.W. 

BRUCE, Col. Edward, C.B. (Mil. 1905), LA., 
Afghn. 1879-80 : b. 1850. 

BRUCE, Richard Isaac, CLE. (1881), late a 
Commissr. in Punjab, prev. a Polit. Agent in 
Baluchistan, served in Afghn., Zhob Valley, 
and Waziristan campaigns, ret. 1896 : b. 1840. 
Res., Quetta, Fairfax Rd., Teddington. 

BRUCE ( BRUDENELL-) , family name of 
Ailesbury Marquessate, q.v. for "Lords" and 
" Ladies " and see Index above. 

BRUCE (CUMMIN G-), see follg. 

BRUCE (HO VELL-THURLOW-CUMMLNG-), 
family name of Thurlow Barony, q.v. for 
"Hons.," see also above Index. 

BRUCE of KINLOSS, Baron (Scot. 1633), and 
of TORRY (1647), titles of the Elgin and Kinc. 
Earldom. 

BRUCE of TOTTENHAM (Wilts.), Baron 
(Gt. Br. 1745), a title of the Ailesbury Marq. 

BRUDENELL, Baron (Eng. 1628), another 
title of the Ailesbury Marquessate. 

BRU-de-WOLD —see " De Wold." 

BRUEN, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Henry Brum, 
P.C. (Irel. 1880), M.P. 1857-80 (G.), High Sheriff 
of Carlow 1855 (is a D.L.) and of Wexford 1883 : 
b. 1828, widower. Bes., Oak Pk., Carlow; 
Coolbawn, Enniscorthy, Co. Wexford. 

BRULL (Briill), Ignatz, C.M.G. (1902), LL.D., 
Brit. Consul at Buda-Pesth, Vice-Pres. of Chamb. 
of Advocates there : b. 1848. Res., Brit. Con- 

BRUNE ( PRIDE AUX-, pron. Prid'ux), Hon. 
Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. Brabourne. 

BRUNKER, Lt.-Col. CapelMolyneux, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Lanes. Fus. ; Crete and Nile 1898, S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1858. 

BRUNNER, Priv. Counc. and Baronet. Rt, 
Hon. Sir John Tomlinson Brunner, P.C. (Gt. Br. 
1906), 1st Bt. [U.K. 1895), M.P. for Northwich 
Div. (L.), a D.L. for Lanes., Chmn. of a firm of 
alkali manufacturers ; has given large sums to 
Liverpool Univ. and to the schools and free 
libraries in the division, endowing a Chair at 
Livrpl. Univ. and presenting a Public Libr, 
to town of Northwich .• son of the late Rev. J ohn 
Brunner, of Everton, Lance., orig. of Zurich; b. 
1842, mar. 1875, 2nd wife, Jane, dau. of the late 
Wm. S.Wyman,Esq.,M.R.C.S. Heir, his son John 
Fowler Leece, M.P. for Leigh Div., L. (b. 1865 



1 68 BBTJ 



Directory of Peerage, 



BUG 



2nd heir, latter'sson Felix John Morgan, b. 1897). 
Seats, Druids Cross, Wavertree, Liverpool ; Win- 
nington Old Hall, Northwich, Chesh. ; town res., 

9 Eirnismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 
BRUNTON, Knight. Sir (Thomas) Lauder 

Brunton, Kt. Bach. (1900), M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., 
F.R.S., F.R.C.r., formerly Pres. Roy. Med. Soc. 
of Edinburgh and Exam, in Materia Mediea to 
London and other Uni vs., . author of various med. 
and scient. works : b. 1844, mar. 1879 Louisa 
Jane, dau. of the late Archdn. Stopford, of Kells. 
Res., Pondtail Ldg., Fleet, Winchneld, Hants. ; 

10 Stratford PL, Oxford St., W. 

BRYAN, Hon. George Leopold, bro. and 
heir pres. of present Bn. Bellew (q.v.), having 
assumed the name Bryan in place of Bellew. 

BRYAN, Maj. Herbert, C.M.G. (1906), Manch. 
Regt. ; Niger 1897-8, now Colon. Sec. Gold 
Coast : b. 1865. 

BRYANT, Francis Morgan, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1901), Assist. Sec. to Privy Purse: b. 1859. Res., 
17 Lower Grosvenor PI., S.W. 

BRYANT, Lieut. Henry Balfour Fergusson, 
M.V.O. (5th class, 1903), Highld. L.I. : b. 1876. 

BRYANT, Capt. Henry Grenville, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 as 
Signalling Ofl'r. : b. 1872. Res., Yew Tree Lodge, 
The Mount, Shrewsbury. 

BRYCE, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. James Bryce, 
P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892, Irel. 1906), LL.D., D.C.L., 
D.Litt., F.R.S., M.P. for S. Aberdeen (£.), Ch. 
Sec. for Ireld. and a Memb. of Cmttee. on Scott. 
Educn., a D.L. for Co. of City of Aberdeen, 
barrister-at-law, has been Under Sec. for Foreign 
Affairs, Chanc. Duchj of Lane, and Pres. of 
Bd. of Trade, was Regius Prof, of Civ. Law in 
Oxfd. Univ. 1870-93: b. 1838, mar. 1889. Res., 
54 Portland PL. W. 

BR