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DR. BARNAu; 83 ^ jsJJ : 

National Incorporated Association. 


President— The Right Hon. LORD BRASSEY, G.C.B. 

2,412 New and Permanent Admissions in 1905* 

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An Extended List of the Royal Family 
The Peerage with Titled Issue 
Dowager Ladies 
Baronets Knights and Companions 

Privy Councillors 
and Home and Colonial Bishops 
with a Comprehensive 


and an Index 
to Country Seats 


PREFACE, a - a K 36 

We present this our twelfth annual issue with some degree' of confidence 
that signs of steady progress will generally be recognised. In a work of this 
character, supposing even that perfection could be obtained to-day, it would 
be vitiated by the changes of to-morrow ; and an editor's utmost ideal can be 
only that of keeping step nearly with the times. 

Such new features as the present edition displays will be found principally 
in the Introduction. Here a vast amount of time, unforeseen in extent when 
the task was undertaken, has been expended upon the Historic Peerage and 
Baronetage. They have both — the Peerage especially — been revised to a 
degree which is practically a re-preparation, and, as well in appearance as in 
accuracy, they may be put forth as having greatly benefited by the transfor- 
mation. With the exception of some of the earliest titles there is now in 
nearly every instance the exact day of the month shown as the date of bestowal, 
and this becomes now and then an item of interest, whilst it invariably serves 
the purpose of explaining the order in which the titles are arranged. The 
magnificent volume of ' Burke ' has formed the chief source of information 
for the process, whilst the Editor has to acknowledge a long list of kind 
additions received from Mr. A. P. Burke himself, and also several valuable 
notes from the ever- courteous Mr. Cokayne. 

The addresses of London Clubs, long felt as an omission, have at length been 
supplied, at least as to such of them as we know to be referred to in this 
volume. The list of Marriage Alliances with Foreign Houses, which had 
been crowded out since 1903, has now been replaced, and, though reduced in 
bulk by the excision of needless repetitions, it contains all, and more than all, 
of its original particulars. In the Directory itself the only change of plan 
consists in a new arrangement of Baronets' Widows, so that where there is 
more than one line of the same surname each widow now follows immediately 
after the present successor of her own husband : hitherto all of a surhame 
have been grouped in a single paragraph. 

A large number of proofs have again been issued to the holders of titles, 
and as last year they were forwarded principally to Peers and Baronets, they 
have this year been specially despatched to the holders of Knighthoods. Of 
these several hundreds have replied, and many of them have furnished us 
with information for which we are grateful, though in some instances we have 
to append a gentle remonstrance as to the over-supply of details for which a 
work of our dimensions cannot be expected to find room. Possibly also as 
many as ten or twelve of the Knights Commanders have taken exception to 
our practice of styling them "Knights," as one of them amusingly wrote 
some nine years ago, " You can no more call a Knight Commander a Knight 
than you can call a cow-keeper a cow." They fancy that the term degrades 
them into Knights Bachelor ! But if a cow-keeper is a keeper (though not a 
cow) then every Knight Commander is a Knight. It is satisfactory that not 
one of the Grand Commanders or Grand Crosses has shown himself a victim 
to this fancy. 

Our volume still grows, and bids fair to continue to do so if the present 
high rate of new creations is to proceed. Our list records 72 new Knights 
Bachelor in place of less than half that number who are deceased, whilst the 
235 new Companions represent an even greater disproportion. The Royal 
Victorian Order has received some 90 additions, irrespective of the hosts of 
Honorary Knights and Commanders and Members abroad. 

November 28, 1907. 

Claimant Baronets — Description of Title-page, 



The increase year by year in the number of aspirants to the dignity of a Baronetcy 
induced us lately to take a step requiring to be noticed. There are possibly a few 
amongst these who are genuinely entitled to the style which they claim ; but, taking 
them in the bulk, it is evidently safe to say that those who are not downright impostors 
are the deluded victims of an impractical idea. The modus operandi of these latter is 
apparently this : they become aware of a lapsed Baronetcy of their own surname, the 
last holder of which was either certainly or possibly a relative ; no one else has assumed 
the title, so why should not they ? The other class, believing that a Baronet's title will 
give them a standing or secure them longer credit from tradesmen, hunt up some name 
in Burke's ' Extinct Baronetcies ' (if it does not happen to be their own, what is easier 
than to make it such ?), give it out that the latest holder left a son or brother whose name 
was never registered, and that from that son or brother themselves are descended ; 
servants and shopkeepers have perforce to give them their title, and thus a fictitious 
local position is secured, which probably suffices for the main purpose of most of them. 
Some of them tell us that they cannot afford the fees necessary for establishing their 
claim, thus ignoring the law of society that what a man cannot pay for he has to do 
without. They may say that in their case no person is injured by the unauthorised 
assumption ; but if they injure no individual they degrade and insult the Baronetage at 
large. Aspirants whose claim is good do not usually assume the title till they have 
established it, and the converse is reasonable as to those who first assume what they 
X know they never can establish. A Mr. Robert Dennis, who has gone deeply into the 
t subject, lately wrote to The Times characterising the mass of these pretenders as a race 
£ of unmitigated scoundrels ; whilst the Editor of ' Dod's Peerage ' in a subsequent letter 
•> 'stated that if an investigation were instituted there would probably be as many as fifty 
who would go by default. There are a few " Ladies " entered in West-End Directories 
j» but in no * Knightage,' so that they would do well to establish their credentials, 



There is here either latent or patent a considerable amount of illustration of the following pages. 
Turning first to the corners, we have, as now notified, representations of the Stars of the Order of the 
Garter, the Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Military Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of 
a Maltese Cross (the clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper) . Next as to the coronets in the 
oval design surrounding the letter-press,we need only remark that " Nephews " corresponds to " Princes 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Royal Dukes" to "Princes of the Blood Royal," whilst the 
" Cap of Dignity " or " of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dress of Royalty (much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of forty of the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leeds, Rutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, Norton, 
Brabourne, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop's mitre, 
which some protest ought in nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks under the headings of these 
two Orders will suffice to make our position clear in the matter. The intermediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
figured Star. Thus perpendicularly under the Garter corner is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by the 
coronets, is a true-lovers' knot as described in loc. The adjacent upper quarter is devoted to the 
Thistle, and exhibits the device of that symbol with the intervening sprigs of rue as they are found in 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick will be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick Collar. Lastly, against the Bath corner we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the form 
worn by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork, being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as in 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objects are attached together by their edges and without chains. Surmounting the entire oval of 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Dnperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 



Description of Title-page . . . . . . . . ix 

List of Promotions and Creations . . , . . , . . xii 
Obituary . . . . . . . . . . xiii 

Abbreviations . . . . , , . . . . . ... xvi 


The Sovereign . . . . I 

Relatives of the Sovereign .3 

The Peerage and its Degrees (Bishops, 14 ; Classification, 18) . . 5 

The House of Lords . . . .18 

The Peerage outside of the House (Foreign Titles, 21) . . . 20 
Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives (Divorcees, 27) . . . .22 

The Rolls of the Three Peerages (Index, 33) 28 

Roman Catholic Peers . . . . 35 

Scottish and Irish Representative Peers . . . . . . 35 

Scottish and Irish Peers with Imperial Titles . . . . 36 

Historic Peerage . . . . . 38 

Peerages Extinct or Dormant since 1850 46 

The Privy Council . . . . . . . . . . . 48 

The Baronetage .5° 

Historic Baronetage . . . . . . . . . . 53 

Bannerets (or Knights Bannerets) .58 

The Knightage, Companionage, and Decorations . . . . 58 
Remarks on Native Eastern Names and Titles . . . .70 

Officers of Arms 72 

Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title 76 

Cautions as to the Spelling of certain Titles and Names . . 78 
Addresses of London Clubs 79 


H.M. King Edward VII. , with Descendants and Relatives . . 80 

Index to the Royal Family • • 93 

Conspectus of the Royal Family . 95 

Order of Succession to the Throne . . 95 

Genealogical Table showing the Union of the Houses of 

George III. and Saxe-Coburg, with Observations ... .96 

Marriage Alliances with Foreign Houses . . . . . . 98 


Plan of the Directory . . . . 102 

Roman Catholic Bishops . . 703 

Reformed Anglican Bishops . . . 706 

Index to Seats and Residences in above 707 



Stately Homes of England . . 757 
Whereto Go and Where to Stay 795 
Sea Trips and Ocean Tours . . 788 


History of the Royal Warrant 777 
Royal Warrant Holders . . .778 
Educational Supplement . . .828 



Abeyance 12 

Albert Crown ix, 63 

Accession of a new Sovereign.. 
Addressing Persons of Title .. 

Albert Medal 69 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2 

Archbishops. 14 

Armil or Armilla 2, 3 

Arms, 8 ; College of 72 

Attainder 7, 8 

Bankruptcy of a Peer 19 

Bannerets 58 

Baronets, 51 ; succession of, 7, 
51 ; arms of, 8, 51 ; marriage 

of, 25 ; widow of 27 

Barons 11 

Bath, Order of the 62 

Bishops, 14 ; Suffragans ... 17 

Black Bod, 60 ; in Ireld 61 

"Blood" and "Blood Royal" 5 
Cap of Dignity or Maintenance ix 

Chancellor, Lord 19 

Classification of the Peerage ...18 

Cockade, The 68 

Collars, singular custom. . 61, note 

Colobium Smdonis 2 

Commons,not dissolved at death 
of a Sovereign, 3 ; origin of, 
12; Irish Peers who have 

been members of 6 

Conspicuous Gallantry Medal ... 69 

„ Service Cross . 69 

Coronation Chair 2 

Coronation Oath 3 

Coronets, 8; Note on 13 

Count, the term 10, note 

Courtesy, Lords by, 24 (also 
under Duke) ; their marriage 26 

"Cousin" of King 8, 9, 10, 11 

Crosiers and Crosses : ....18 

Cross-pattee 2, 69 

Crown Colonies.... 23, note 

Crown of India, Order of 67 

Crowns, various Royal 1 

"Curtana" 2 

Dalmatic Robe 3 

" Dame," a Baronet's Wife . . .51 

" Decreet of Ranking "... ji 21 

"Defender of the Faith" 1 

Descent of Nobility 6 

Distinguished Service Order ...67 

Dowager Ladies 27 

Dukes 8 

Earls 9 

Egyptian Titles ...71 

Ermine 8, note 

Female succession 6 

Foreign Titles of Nobility ......21 

Garter King of Arms .19, 60 

Garter, Order of 59 

Golden Eagle and Spurs 2 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 24 

Green Rod 61 

Hanover, Kings of, 1 ; Knights 

of 66 

Hat privilege 7 

Heir Apparent, &c 4 

„ of Peers 6 

" Heirs general" 7 

Heralds &c .72 

"Honourable," the term 22 

"Hon. Lady" 23, 26 

"Ilk, Of that" ...51 


Imperial titles held by Scottish 

and Irish Peers 37 

Imperial Service Order 67 j 

Indian Empire, Order of 65 

lod. Dist. Serv. Medals 69 

Indian native titles .70 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; 01 
Peers, see under "Dukes" 
&c, and Note on Coronets. 
Irish Peers, 20, 36 ; do. in Com- 
mons, and remark on their 

titles, 6; Bishops 16 

Ivory Rod 2 

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 69 

K.B." orig. Kt. of Bath. ..62, 66 

Kingdom and its Rulers 1 

King's Champion 3 

Kings of Arms 72 

Knightage, early usages, 58, 62 ; 
higher Orders restricted to 
nobles, 59 ; " additional" or 
"extras," 60, 63; antipathy 

to 66 

Knights Bachelor 66 

Knights' fees (feudal term) 12, 66 
„ ,, (money) abolished64 
" Lady," the term, 23, 25 : re- 
tained by a Baronetess... 51 

Lapsing of titles 7 

League of Mercy 69 

Life Peers 20 

Lord," the term 22 

Lord Chancellor 19 

Lord of Session 21 

Lords, House of, composition 
18 ; forms of admittance, 
procedure, &c, 18, 19; order 

of calling 28 

Maltese Cross 69 

Mantles— King's, 2; Peers' 14 

rquesses 9 

Marriage of Peeresses &c 25 

Master," a term of Scottish 

Peerage 24, 27 

Military Knights of Windsor. . .68 

Miniver 8, note 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 19 

Missionary Bishops 17 

Mitres 18 

Montfort, Sir Simon de 11 

Morganatic marriage 27 

Mound 2 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 10, note 

Nobility, privileges of 7 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of 52 

Oath at Coronations, 3 ; on a 

Peer's accession 19 

" Of," when used in titles 6 

Official Peers 20 

Orb 2 

Order of Mercy ..6c 

Order of Merit 67 

Patent of nobility 13 

Patrick, Order of St 61 

" Pearls " in coronets 9, 14 

Peeresses, marriage of, 25 ; in 

own right 21 

Peers of Parliament, 6, 16 ; of 
England, Scot., Irel., &c, 6 ; 
trial of, 7; term implying 
" equals," 12 ; classifications 
of, 18 ; position as K.C.'s, 19 ; 
hereditary, life, official, and 
elected, 20 ; by courtesy 24 


Peers' Sons and Grandsons ...24 

Peers' Widows 27 

Powdered mantle 8 

Premier Dukes,8; Marquesses, 
; Earls, 10; Viscounts, u ; 

Jarons, 13; Baronets 52 

Premiers obtaining Peerages... 11 

Princes and Princesses 4, 5 

Privileges of Peers 7 

Privy Council ...48 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 19 

Pursuivants 72 

Queen Consort and Dowager. . . 3 

Quorum in Lords 19 

Regalia of Sovereign 1 

Representative Peers 20, 35 

" Right Hon.," the term 23 

Ring, Ruby 3 

Robes, Note on 13 

Roll of the House of Lords 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Royal Family Surname 46 

Royal Hanoverian Order 66 

Royal Red Cross 69 

Royal Victorian Order 65 

St. Edward's Crown and Staff, 1,2 
St. John of Jerus., Order of ...68 
St. Mich, and St. Geo., Order of 64 

St. Patrick, Order of 61 

Scarlet Rod 63 

Sceptres 2 

'Scotch," the word objected 

to 20, note 

Scottish Peers, 20, 36; Lords of 

Session 21 

Sir" with a Peer's name 59 

Special Remainder 7 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2; of 

Knights 58 

Star of India, Order of..... 63 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Stone of Destiny 2 

Strawberry leaves 14 

Succession of Peers and Bts. ... 6 
Summons, Writ of, 12; of 

Peer's son to Lords 19 

Supertunica 2 

" Supporters " in arms 8 

Swords of State, Justice, and 

Mercy 2 

Tabard '. ..... 72 

Tenants in Chief 12 

Tenure, Barons by 11 

Thanes 11 

The" before "Lord," 
' 'Lady, " &c .76 (under Baron) . 

Thistle, Order of 61 

Title-page, description of ix 

Titles of Sovereign 1, of Peers 6 

Triple Peerages 1.37 

Ulster, ' ' Bloody Hand of " . . .51 
Victoria & Albert, Roy. Order of 67 

Victoria Cross 68 

Victorian Order, Royal 65 

Viscounts 11 

Volunteer Officers' Decoration 69 

Voting in Lords 19 

Wales, Prince of (position, in- 
signia, &c.) 4 

Woolsack 19 

Writ, Barons by, 12 ; when still 

used 13 

Younger sons of nobles 24, 
and see under " Duke " &c. 


For J907 {up to Nov. 26). 

Blyth, Sir J., Bt., made Bn. Blyth; Collins, Rt. Hon. Sir R. II., made Bn. Collins (Life) ; Kitson, Rt. Hon. 
Sir J.,Bt. s made Bn. Airedale; Montagu, Sir S., Bt., made Bn. Swaythling ; Peckover. Alex., made 
Bn. Peckover. 

(Extinct— Brampton, Burdett-Coutts, Field, Haliburton, and Thring Baronies ; Davey, Life Bny.) 


Crozier, Rt. Rev. J. B., from Ossory to Down ; D'Arcy, Rt. Rev. C. F., from Clogher to Ossory ; Drury, 
Rev. T. W., to Sodor and Man ; Orpen, Ven. R. D'A., to Limerick; Straton, Rt. Rev. N. D. J., from 
Sodor and Man to Newcastle. 

Privy Councillors. 

Allendale, Bn. ; Birrell, Rt. Hon. A. (Irel. added) ; Botha, Gen. L ; Carlisle, A. M. (Irel.) ; Churchill 
(Spencer-), W.; Denman, Bn. ; Farquhar, Bn. ; Granard, Earl of; Gurdon, Sir W. B., k.c.m.g.; Jame- 
son, L. S. ; Kennedy, Hon. Sir W. R.; MacDonald, Sir C. M., g.c.m.g.; M'Kenna, Regd. ; Moor, F. R. ; 
Ward, Sir J. G., k.c.m.g. ; Wason, Eugene ; Watson, R. Spence. 


Ashman, Sir H., Kt. Bach. ; Barlow, J. E. ; Bilsland, Wm. ; Blake, Col. F. D. ; Bowing, W. B. ; Colman, 
Jer. ; Cory, C. J. ; Dewar, J. A. ; Donner, Edwd. ; Edwards, Fras. ; Herbert, Col. I. J. C, c.b. : Holland, 
Sir W. H., Kt. Bach. ; Hollins, Frank : Scott, Walter ; Scotter, Sir Chas., Kt. Bach. ; Stow (Philipson-) 
F. J. P. ; Treloar, Sir W. P., Kt. Bach. 

(Extinct— Hutchinson [Synge-], Pearce, Tyler, Wilson of Eccleshall.) 


AT.P.— Castletown, Bn. 

G.C.B.-Mil.: Lyttelton, Gen. Hn. Sir N. G., k.cb. ; Wolseley, Gen. Sir G. B., k.cb. Civ.: Fry, Rt. 

Hn. Sir E., Kt. Bach. ; Mcolson, Rt. Hn. Sir A., Bt., k.cb. 
G.C.S.I.— Mysore, H.H. the Bahadur of. 

G.C.M.G.— Adams (Goold-), Mj.-G. H. J., k.c.m.g. ; MacGregor, Sir Wm., k.c.m.g. 
G.C./.^.-Bikaner, H.H. the Bahadur of; Clarke. Sir G. S., g.c.m.g. 

G.C.V.O.— Bosanquet, idm. Sir D. H., k.cb.; Devonshire, Duke of, k.g. ; Drury, V.-Adm. Sir C. G., 
k.cb. ; Hamilton, Sir E. W., g.cb. ; Westminster, Duke of. 

K.C.B.—Mil.: Black, Mj.-Gn. Wilsome, c.b.; Dorrien (Smith-), Lt.-Gn. H. L., c.b.; Douglas, Lt.-Gn. 
C. W. H., c.B. ; Duff, Lt.-Gn. Sir B., K.c.v.o. ; Ellis, Insp.-Gn. H. M. ; Fawkes, V.-Adm. Sir W.K., K.c.v.o. ; 
Fitzgerald, Col. C. G. O., c.b.; Flood (Solly-), Mj.-Gn. F. R., c.B.; Gatacre, Mj.-Gn. J., c.B. ; Gosset, 
Mj.-Gn. M. W. E., c.B. ; Henderson, V.-Adm. R. F. H., c.b.; Leach, Mj.-Gn. Edmd., c.B.; Mackenzie, 
Col. A. R. D_y c.B. ; Morgan, Col. A. B., c.B. ; Mostyn (Lloyd-), Mj.-Gn. Hn. Savage, cb. ; Slade, Mj-Gn. 

J. R., cb. ; Warren, Mj.-Gn. A. P., cb. ; Wynne, Lt.-Gn. A. G., c.b. Civ. : Allbutt, Prof. T. C. ; Beatson, 

Col. G. T., c.b. ; Brown, Col. W. J., c.B. ; Colquhoun, Col. Sir A. J., Bt. ; Dundas, Col. L. G., c.b. ; 
Graham, Fredk., c.b. ; Howell, W. J., c.b. ; Lankester, Prof. E. R. ; Morant, R. L., c.B. ; Ritchie, 
R. T. W., c.B. ; Thomas, C. I., c.B. 

K.C.S.L— Hare, Lancelot, c.s.i. : Hewett, J. P., c.s.i. ; Holderness, T. W., c.s.i. 

K.C.M.G.— 'Block, A. S. J., c.m.g. ; Davidson, W. E., cb. ; Fitzpatrick, Hon. Chas. ; Lowther, G.A., cb. ; 
Lucas, C. P., c.b. ; M'Kenzie, Col. Duncan; Morris, Col. W. G., c.b. ; Oliver, Sydney, c.m.g.; Ottley, 
Capt. C. L. ; Sadler, Lt.-Col. J. H., c.b. ; Wallace, W. M., c.m.g. ; Williams, R. C, c.m.g. 

K.C.I.E.— Faiyaz, Nawab M., c.s.i. ; Risley, H. H., C.S.I. ; Smith, Fras. W., c.i.e. 

K.C. F.O.— Bridgeman, V.-Adm. F. C. B., m.v.o. ; Dawson, Col. D. F. R., c.v.o. ; Dundonald, Earl of, c.v.o. ; 
Frederick, Lt.-Col. C. A., c.v.o. ; Horner, J. F. F. ; Jellicoe, R.-Adm. ; Kenyon, Lord ; Knollys, Col. H., 
c.v.o. ; Lewis, Sir W. T., Bt. ; Merewether, E. M., c.v.o. ; Shaughnessy, Sir T. G., Kt. Bach. ; Shrewsbury, 
and T., Earl of; Solomon, Hn. Sir R., k.cb. ; Ward, Col. Sir E. W., k.cb. 

Kts. Bach.— Adamson, W. A., c.m.g.; Allchin, W. H., m.d.; Angus, W. M., C.B. ; Apperly, A.; 

Bandaranaike, S. D., c.m.g.; Bam, P. C. ; Baxter, W. J. ; Bipin, K. Bose Bahadur, c.i.e.; Bosanquet, 

F. A. ; Brand, Dav. ; Buckell, Robt. ; Clark, W. M. ; Courtenay, J. I. ; Cremer, W. R.; Crisp. Frank ; 

Crosby, T. B. ; Grossman, Wm. ; Donaldson, Jas. ; Dunlop, Nathl. ; Dunn, W. H. ; Eliot, Whately ; 

Ellison, Col. R. ; Fox, C. E.; Fulton, E. M'G. H. ; Gavey, J., c.b. ; Gilbert, W. S.; Goddard, D. F. ; 

Hare, Jno. ; Harrington, Stanley ; Herkomer, H. Von; Highmore, N. J. ; Holden, E. T. ; Hosie, Alex. ; 

James, W. H. ; Judd, Geo. ; Kirk, Jno. ; Langelier, F. C. S. ; Laughton, J. K. ; Levy, M. ; Macnaghten, 

M. L. ; Matheson, R. E. ; Mathews, C. W. ; Mills, Jas. ; Mitchell, Thos.; Morgan, Hn. A. ; Moss, Chas. ; 

Oppenheimer, F. ; Orchardson, W. Q. ; Palmer, F. B. ; Peerbhoy, A. ; Pickford, W., K.c. ; Filter, Jno. ; 

Radford, C. H. ; Regnart, H. G. : Reichel, H. R. ; Reid, R. G. : Rhys, Jno. ; Rickett, J. C. Robson, Hy. ; 

Santley, Chas. ; Scovell, A. C. ; Serjeant, Col. W. C. E. ; Smith, Jas. B. ; Solomon, W. H. ; Southern , 

J. W. ; Swanzy, H. R. ; Thomas, Jno. ; Thompson, W. J., m.d. ; White, Geo. ; Whitehead, Chas. ; Wilson, 

Fredk. W. ; Young, Col. J. S. 
O.M.— Bryce, Rt. Hn. J. ; Hooker, Sir J. D., g.c.s.i. ; Legge, Hn. H. C. 

Commanders, Companions, &c. 

C.V.O. 30 \ C.B., Mil. 76, Civ. 9; C.S.I. 7; C.M.G. 16; C.I.E. 23; M.V.O. 4th CI. 42 ; D.S.O. 5; I.S.0.2i; 
M.V.O . 5th CI. 3. Total 235, besides an immense number of Honorary Creations, mostly in the Roy. 
Vict . Order. 




*** All dates for 1907 unless otherwise stated. 

Royal Personages. 

Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, H.H. Prince.— Sept. 14. 

Charles. Prince, of Hohenlohe (whose morganatic 
marriage to the late Baroness von Bronn ex- 
cluded uim from the succession).— May 17. 

Clementine, H.R.H. Princess, of Saxe-Coburg, 
daughter of King Louis Philippe (aged 89).— 
Feb. 16. 

Cumberland, Marie, Duchess of, ex-Queen of Han- 
Over (aged 88).— Jan. 9. 


Aldenham, 1st Baron (aged 88).— Sept. 13. 
Allendale, 1st Baron.- Feb. 13. 
Arundell of Wardour, Rev., 13th Baron.— July 11. 
Ashbrook, 7th Viscount.— Nov. 26, 1906. 
Brampton, 1st and only Baron (aged 90).— Oct. 6. 

(The widow died Nov. 17.) 
Bristol, 3rd Marquess of.— July 7. 
Chesham, Maj.-Gen., 3rd Baron, p.c, k.c.b. — Nov. 9. 
Clanwilliam, Adm. of Fit., 4th Earl of, g.c.b., 

K.C.M.G.— Aug. 4. 
Davey, Baron (Life Peer), p.c— Feb. 20. 
De Ros, 24th Baron, k.p., k.c.v.o. (aged 80).— 

April 29. 
Dunmore, 7th Earl of.- Aug. 27. 
Field, 1st and only Baron (aged 93).- Jan. 23. 
Gormanston, ltth Viscount, g.c.m.g.— Oct. 29. 
Goschen. 1st Viscount, v.c.—Feb. 7. 
Haliburton, 1st and only Baron.— April 21. 
Hood, 4th Viscount— April 27. 
Kilmaine, 4th Baron, an Irish Rep. Peer.— Nov. 9. 
Liverpool, 1st Earl of, p.c— March 23. 
Midleton, 8th Viscount.— April 18. 
Nunburnholme, 1st Baron.— Oct. 27. 
Penrhyn, 2nd Baron.— March 10. 
Saye and Sale. 17th Baron.— Oct. 8. 
Shannon, 6th Earl of.— Dec. 12. 1906. 
Sondes, 2nd Earl.— Oct. 1. 

Thring, 1st and only Baron, k.cb. (aged88).-.Fe&. 4. 
Winterton, 5th Earl.— Sept. 5. 

Peeresses and Peers' Issue. 

Adderley, Hon. Caroline Jane.— June 7. 
Allsopp, Hon. Geo. Higginson.— Sept. 9. 
Ashley, Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) Evelyn Melbourne.— 
Nov. 15. 

Ashley, Hon. Mrs. John.— April 10. 

Barton, Hon. Mrs. Hugh, daughter of 3rd Baron 

Clarina.— Oct. 26. 
Beresford, Lord Delaval Jas.— Dec. 26, 1906. 
Best, Hon. John. Chas.— May 25. 
Bingham, Hon. Albert Yelverton.— March 31. 
Bourke, Hon. Edwd. Roden.— June 7. 
Bowdon (Butler-). Hon. Mrs. John, daughter of 12th 

Baron Petre.— May 15. 
Burdett-Coutts, Baroness (aged 92).— Dec. 30, 1906. 
Burne, Lady Agnes, daughter of 19th Earl of 

Morton and wife of Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. 

Burne, g.c.t.e.— July 7. 
Byron, Rev. Hon. Augustus.— July 17. 
Byron, Rev. Hon. William.— May 17. 
Cadogan, Countess, wife of present Earl.— Feb. 9. 
Calthorpe (Gough-), Hon. Walter— Dec. 21, 1906. 
Clancarty, Countess of.— Dec. 31, 1906. 
Clinton (Pelham-), Lord Edward, G.c.v.o., k.c.b.— 

July 9. 

Coke, Lt.-CoJ. Hon. Wenman C. Walpole.— Jan. 10. 
Colville of Culross, Dowager Visctss.— Aug. 2. 
Craignish, Baroness, widow of 1st Baron.— Dee. 23, 

Cross, Viscountess, wife of present Peer.— Jan. 20. 

Curzon, Col. Hon. Montagu.— Sept. 1. 

Cuthbert, Lady Dorothy, daughter of the Earl of 

Strafford.— Jan. 31. 
Daly, Lady Anne Elizabeth, daughter of 9th Earl 

orWestmeath.— Dec. 1, 1906. 

Denman, Rev. the Hon. Lewis Wm. (aged 86).— 
May 6. 

Dobson, Hon. Florence Harriet.— June 8. 
Doneraile, Viscountess, widow of 4th Viscount.— 
Feb. 24. 

Douglas, Rev. Canon Hon. Henry (aged 84).— Oct. 4. 
Dutton, Hon. Julia Henrietta.— July 1. 
Egerton, Lady Louisa Cai-oline.— Sept. 21. 
Elliot, Rt. Hon. {and Hon.) Sir Henry Geo., g.c.b. 

(aged 89). —March 30. 
Farnham, Dowager Lady.— Aug. 16. 
Ferrers, Countess, wife of present Earl.— June 8. 
FitzMaurice, Hon. Mrs. James.— June 2. 
FitzWygram, Lady Fanny, sister of 6th Earl of 

Lanesborough.— April 29. 
Forbes, Sir Wm. Stuart, 9th Bt. of Pitsligo— 1906 

(in N.Z.). 

Foster, Hon. Mrs. Robert, daughter of 2nd Baron 

Bateman.— July 7. 
Gibbs, Hon. Henry Lloyd.— Sept. 14. 
Gifford. Hon. Mrs. George.— June 18. 
Glyn, Hon. Mrs. Sidney.— March 9. 
Gordon, Lord Granville Armyne.— June 14. 
Gower (Leveson-), Hon. Edwd. Fredk. (aged 88).— 

May 80. 

Grenfell, Lady Victoria, daughter of 4th Earl Grey. 
— Feb. 3. 

Grosvenor, Hon. Algernon Henry.— March 27. 
Hamilton (Dalrymple-), Hon. Mrs. North.— July 1. 
Hanbury (Bateman-), Hon. Edwd. Regd.— June 1. 
Hastings, Marchnss. of, widow of 4th and last 

Marquess and wife of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, Bt.— 

Feb. 3. 

Hastings (Rawdon-), Hon. Paulyn F. C.—Oct. 19. 
Herbert, Hon. Alan Percy, m.d— March 8. 
Holden, Hon. Mrs. Henry, daughter of 1st Baron 

Annaly.— Apinl 29. 
Hotham, Hon. Lady, daughter of 2nd Baron Brid- 

port (aged 90).— April 28. 
Hubbard, Hon. Mrs. Arthur.— April 25. 
Johnstone, Hon. Mrs. John, daughter of 12th Baron 

Louth.— Aug. 27. 
Kielmansegg, Countess Alexander, daughter of 1st 

Baron De L'Isle and Dudley.— May 12. 
Kingston, Florence, Dowager Countess, widow of 

8th Earl— Oct. 18. 
Legge, Hon. Chas. Gounter.— Nov. 15. 
Lyttelton, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, widow of the late 

Bishop of Southampton.— Jan. 12. 
Mainwaring (Massey-), Hon. Wm. F. Barton.— 

March 12. 

Major (Henniker-), Hon. Helen.— March 25. 

Manchester, Sydney, Duchess of, widow of 6th 
Duke and of Sir S. A. Blackwood, k.c.b.— May 30. 

Maxwell, Hon. Edwd. Saunderson Jno.— Sept. 6. 

Morgan, Hon. Geo. Gould.— A/arch 3. 

Morgan (Deane-), Hon. Hamilton Robt.— July 30. 

Morton, Alice, Countess of.— Jan. 15. 

Murray, Hon. Lady, daughter of the 1st Bn. Castle- 
town and widow of the Rt. Hon. Sir Chas. A. 
Murray, k.c.b.— Dec. 1, 1906. 

Napier, Hon. Mrs. James.— July 16. 

Newdigate, Hon. Mrs. Fras., dau. of 1st Bn. Leigh. 
—Aug. 7. 

North, Hon. Roger Archib. Percy.— Sept. 4. 
Osborne, Lord Francis G. Godolphin.— March 6. 
Pakington, Hon. Hugh C. Swinton.— 2lf arch 27. 
Plunkett, Rt. Hon. and Hon Sir Fras. Richd., g.c.b., 

g.c.m.g., G.c.v.o.— Feb. 28. 
Rice, Hon. Mrs. Henry.— Sept. 14. 
Ripon, Marchioness of, c.i.—Feb. 28. 
Robertson, The Lady, wife of Lord Robertson. 

Jan. 25. 

Rolle, Hon. Mark, son of 19th Baron Clinton. 
April 27. 

Rolls, Gen. the Hon. Sir Robert k.c.b. (aged 92). 
Feb. 25. 



Eoinilly, Lady Arabella, daughter of 6th Earl of 

Southesk.— Feb. 14. 
Russell, Gen. Lord Alexander Geo., g.c.b. (aged 85). 

—Jan. 10. 

Russell, His Honour Hon. Arthur.— .Vow. 22. 
Rycroft, Lady Dorothea, daughter of 5th Earl of 

Portsmouth and wife of Sir R. N. Rycroft, 5th Bt. 

—Dec. 29 1906. 
St. Maur, Lord Percy, heir to Somerset Dukedom.— 

July 16. 

Scarbrough, Dowager Countess of.— April 2. 
Sherborne, Susan, Lady, widow of 3rd Baron.— 
March 7. 

Stanhope, Hon. Mrs. Edward.— Oct. 24. 
Stonor, Hon. Catherine.— March 25. 
Stourton, Hon, Mrs. William.— July 27. 
Stuart, Lady Charlotte Sophia.— April 17. 
Thesiger, Hon. Mrs. Edward.— Dec. 22, 1906. 
Turner, Lady Prances, aunt of Earl Temple of 

Stowe.— July 5. 
Tyrwhitt, Capt. Hon. Hugh, e.n., c.v.o., c.s.i.— Oct. 


Ventry, The Lady.— Dec. 13, 1906. 

Vernon, Dowager Lady (Mrs. Chas. Reed), widow of 

5th Baron.— May 29. 
Vivian, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Baron.— 

Jan. 23. 

Walker, Lady Juliana, daughter of 2nd Earl of 
Ranfurley and widow of Gen. Sir Edwd. W. F. 
Walker, k.cb.— Dec. 11, 1906. 

Walsh, Hon. Mrs. Digby.— Sept. 18. 

Wrottesley, Hon. Charles (aged 80).— June 19. 

Wylie, Hon. Mrs. Henry, daughter of 15th Baron 
Borthwick.— July 12. 


Bromby, Rt. Rev. Chas. Henry, formerly 2nd Bp. 

of Tasmania (aged 92).— April 14. 
Bunbury, Rt. Rev. Thomas, 32nd Bp. of Limerick.— 

Jan. 19. 

Burdon, Rt. Rev. J no. Shaw, formerly Bp. of Vic- 
toria, Hong Kong (aged 80).— Jan. 5. 

Kelly, Rt. Rev. late Bp. of Moray and Primus of the 
Scottish Episcopal Church.— May 15. 

Kingdon, Rt. Rev. Hollingworth T., 2nd Bp. of 
Fredericton.— Oct. 12. 

Lloyd, Rt. Rev. Arthur Thos., 3rd Bp. of Newcastle. 
—May 29. 

Phillips, Rt. Rev. Chas., Assist. Native Bp. in 
Western Equatorial Africa.— Dec. 24, 1906. 

Webb, Rt. Rev. Allan Becher, Dean of Salisbury, 
formerly Bp. of Bloemfontein and of Grahams- 
town.— June 12. 

Welland, Rt. Rev. Thos. Jas., 57th Bp. of Down.— 
July 29. 

Wilberforce, Rt. Rev. Ernest Roland, 94th Bp. of 
Chichester.— Sept. 9. 

Pkivy Councillors. 

Ashley, Elliot, and Plunkett— see under Issue. 
Dixon, Rt. Hon. Sir Daniel, 1st Bt., m.p.— March 10. 
Fergusson, Rt. Hon. Sir James, 6th Bt., g.c.s.i., 

k.c.m.g., c.i.e. — Jan. 14 (Jamaica earthquake). 
Finch, Rt. Hon. Geo. Henry, m.p.— May 22. 
Kekewich, Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur, Kt. Bach.— Nov. 22. 
Smith, Rt. Hon. Samuel.— Dee. 30, 1906. 
Young, Rt. Hon. George, Lord of Session retired 

(aged SI).— May 21. 


Alison, Gen. Sir Archibald, 2nd Bt., g.c.b. (aged 81). 
—Feb. 5. 

Armstrong, Capt. Sir Geo. C. H., 1st Bt. of Ashburn 

Place.— April 20. 
Ashburnham, Lady, widow of 8th Bt.— Jan. 3. 
Aylmer, Lady, widow of 9th Bt.— March 6. 
Baillie, Sir Robt. Alex., 4th Bt— Oct. 16. 
Barrington, Olivia, Lady, widow of 3rd Bt.— 

May 18. 

Barry, Sir Fras. Tress, 1st Bt. (aged 81). — Feb. 28. 
Berney, Sir Henry Hanson, 9th Bt.— Feb. 27. 
Broadbent, Sir Wm. Henry, 1st Bt., K.c.v.o., f.b.s. 
— July 10. 

Cave-Browne-Cave, Sir Mylles, 11th Bt. (aged 81).— 
Jan. 22. 

Chapman, Sir Montagu Richd., 5th Bt.— Jan. 24. 
Clark, Dowager Lady, of Edinburgh, widow of 1st 

Bt. -Dec. 17, 1906. „, , 

Clarke. Lady, widow of Sir P. Haughton Clarke, 

11th Bt. of .Shirland (title extinct or dormant).— 

May 18. 

Colquhoun, Sir James, 5th Bt.— March 14. 
Dalrymple (Elphinstone-), Lady.-A'or. 23, 1906. 
Davie (Ferguson-), Sir Jno. Davie, 2nd Bt.— June 16. 
De Bathe, Gen. Sir Henry P., 4th Bt., k.cb. (aged 83) . 
—Jan. 5. 

De-la-Pole (Reeve-), Lady, widow of 8th Bt.— Jaw. 1. 
Drummond (Williams-), Lady, wife of present Bt — 

Oct. 19. „ . .' 

Dyer, Sir Thos. Swinnerton, 11th Bt.— Aug. 23. 
Evans, Sir Francis Henry, ist Bt., k.c.m.g.— J an. 22. 
Fairbairn, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt.— Feb. 8. 
Fayrer, Surg.-Gen. Sir Joseph, IstBt., k.cs.i., f.b.s. 

(aged 82).— May 21. . 
Gamble, Col. Sir David, 1st Bt., k.cb. (aged 84).— 

Feb 4 

Gordon,' Sir Home S., 11th Bt. of Embo— Dec. 11, 1906. 
Gunter, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt— May 10. 
Head, Sir Robt. Garnett, 3rd Bt.— M arch 6. 
Hollywood, Sir Jno. William, 8th Bt.— June 16. 
Hulton, Sir Wm. W. Blethyn, 1st Bt.— April 2. 
Hunter (Hughes-), Sir Chas., 1st Bt.-.Fe&. 2. 
Huntington, Sir Chas. Philip, 1st Bt.— Dec. 23, 1906. 
Huntington, Sir Henry Leslie, 2nd Bt.— April 24. 
Hutchinson (Synge-), Sir Edward, 4th and last Bt.— 

Jackson, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt. of Birken- 
head.— June 2. 

Kay, Sir Brook, 4th Bt. (aged 86) .— M arch 15. 

Keane, Lady, widow of 4th Bt — Feb. 10. 

Knill, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt.- July 19. 

Loder, Dowager Lady, widow of 1st Bt.— Nov. 15. 

Martin, Lady, widow of Rt. Hon. Sir Richd. Martin, 
1st and only Bt. of Cappagh.-Sep/:. 15. 

Milburn, Sir Jno. Davison, 1st Bt.- Aug. 10. 

Naesmyth, Sir Mich. George, 6th Bt.— Sept. 10. 

Napier, Sir Archib. Lennox Milhken, 10th Bt. ot 
Napier.— Jan. 18. sj „ , i£ 

O'Connell, Dowager Lady, widow or 2nd Bt.— 

Palmer" Sir Chas. Mark, 1st Bt. of GrinklePark, m.p. 

(aged 85).— June 4. „ ' J ^ 

Paul, Lady, widow of 3rd Bt. of Rodborough — 

Pearce, Sir Wm. George, 2nd and last Bt.— Nov. 2. 
Pechell (Brooke-), Dowager Lady.— April 10. 
Radclitfe, Lady, wife of 3rd Bt.— Dec. 8, 1906. 
Rashleigh, Sir Colmau Battie, 3rd Bt.— Oct. 28. 
Renals, Sir Joseph, 1st Bt.— Nov. 1. 
Riddell, Sir Rodney, 4th Bt. of Ardnamurchan.— 

Ripley, Sir Fredk., 1st Bt. of Acacia,— Ao». 21. 
Shakerley, Dowager Lady, widow of 2nd Bt.— 

Skipwith', Capt. William, 2nd heir to the Skipwith 

Barony, in his 100th year.— Sept. 25. 
Speirs (Home-), Lady, widow of Sir G. Home-Speirs, 

10th Bt.—June 26. . ., ' 

Steuart (Seton-), Lady, wife of 4th Bt.— April 21. 
Stracey, Mary, Lady, widow of 6th Bt.— Jan. 26. 
Sullivan, Mary, Lady, widow of 5th Bt. of Thames 

Ditton— Oct. 4. . 
Tyler, Sir Fredk. Chas., 2nd and last Bt.—Aug.YZ. 
Watson, Sir Arthur Townley, 2nd Bt., K.c.-March 

White, Sir Thos. Woollaston, 3rd Bt. of Walling- 

wells— May 20. . 
Wigan, Sir Frederick, 1st Bt.— March 2. 
Wigan, Sir Fredk. William, 2nd Bt.— April 6. 
Wilson, Sir Alexander, 1st and only Bt. of Ecclesall. 

—April 27. „ ^ t» * 

Wolseley, Frances, Lady, widow of 6th Bt. or 

Mount Wolseley.— May 30. 


Ajudhya, H.H. the Maharaja of, k.c.i.e.— Dec. 25. 

Alston, Lady, widow of Sir Fras. B. Alston, k.c.m.g 

— Nov. 25. ± • 

Anderson, Gen. Sir Horace Searle, k.cb.— June 2. 



Arbuthnot, Sir Alex. John, k.c.s.i., c.i.e. (aged 84). 

Archibald, Lady, widow of the Hon. Sir Thos. D. 

Archibald, Kt. B&ch.-March 29. 
Ardagh, Maj.-Gen. Sir Jno. C., k.c.m.g., k.c.i.e.— 

Sept. SO. 

Ashmore, Sir Alex. Murray, k.c.m.g — Dec. 7, 1906. 
Badcock, Gen. Sir Alex. Robt., k.c.b., c.s.i. — 
March 23. 

Baker, Sir Benjamin, k.c.b., k.c.m.g.— May 19. 
Billson (Sir) Arthur, m.p.— July 9. (designated for 

Knighthood, but not invested). 
Bowring, Sir Clement, Kt. Bach.— March 22. 
Brandis, Sir Dietrich, k.c.i.e., f.b.s. (aged 83).— 

May 28. 

Buller. Lady, widow of Sir A. W. Buller.— July 28. 
Cappel, Lady, wife of Sir Albert J. L. Cappel, k.c.i.e. 

—March 28. 
Cheyne, Sir John, Kt. Bach., k.c— Jan. 15. 
Colomb, Lady, wife of Rt. ilon. Sir J. C. R. Colomb, 

p.c, k.c.m.g. — June 16. 
Colvile, Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Edwd., k.c.m.g — 

Nov. 24. 

Cony n sham (Lenox-), Sir Win. Fitzwilham, k.c.b. 

(aged 82).— Dec. 4. 1906. 
Copland, Sir Wm. Robertson, Kt. Bach.— Aug. 19. 
Cox, Lady, widow of Sir Chas. Cox, k.c.m.g.— 

April 10. 

Crease. Maj.-Gen. Sir Jno. Fredk., k.c.b.— June 21. 
Crowe, Lady, widow of Sir Arth. de C. Crowe.— 
Aug. 13. 

Cuthbert, Hon. Sir Henry, k.c.m.g.— April 5. 
Davies, Lady, wife of Sir Horatio Davies, k.c.m.g.— 
Nov. 14. 

De Winton, Lady, widow of Maj.-Gen. Sir F. W. de 

Winton, g.c.m.g — Jan. 27. 
Donnelly, Dep. Surg.-Gen. Sir J. McNeale, k.c.b.— 

Feb. 18. 

Drummond, Sir Victor A. Wellington, k.c.m.g., c.b. 
—March 2 

Dupree, Lady, wife of Sir W. T. Dupree, Kt. Bach. 
—May 29. 

Ellis, Maj.-Gen. Sir Arthur E. Aug., g.c.v.o., c.s.i.— 
June 11. 

Evans, Sir David, k.c.m.g.— Aug. 14. 

Farrant, Sir Richard, Kt. Bach.— 1906. 

Frost, Lady, widow of Sir T. Gibbons Frost, Kt. 

Bach.— Nov. 10. 
Gairdner, Prof. Sir Wm. Tennant, k.c.b., f.b.s. 

(aged 82).— June 28. 
Garrick, Hon. Sir Jas. Fras., k.c.m.g., k.c— Jan. 12. 
Gordon, Lady, widow of Sir H. W. Gordon, k.c.b.— 

May 5. 1 
Graham, Adm. Sir William, g.c.b. (aged 80).— 

May 31. 

Hall, Lady, widow of Sir Jno. Hall, k.c.b., m.d.— 
April 21. 

Hall, Col. Sir Angus Wm., k.c.b.— Jan. 9. 

Hall, Hon. Sir John, k.c.m.g. (aged 82).— June 24. 

Hall, Sir Saml., Kt. Bach., k.c— April 6. 

Haly, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir W. O'G. Haly, k.c.b. 

—March 10. 
Hanbury, Sir Thomas,— March 9. 
Hannen, Lady, widow of Sir Nich. J. Hannen.— 

March 17. 

Harris, Lady, widow of Sir Geo. D. Harris, Kt. 

Bach.— Feb. 11. 
Heath, Adm. Sir Leopold Geo., k.c.b. (aged 89).— 

May 8. 

Hector, Sir James, k.c.m.g., f.b.s.— Nov. 6. 
Hemming, Sir Augustus W. Lawson, g.c.m.g.— 
March 27. 

Higginson, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. M. Higginson, 

K.C.B. — Oct. 27, 1906. 
Hingston, Hon. Sir Wm. Hales, Kt. Bach.— Feb. 19. 
Hocking, Sir Henry Hicks, Kt. Bach.— June 9. 
Hope, Lady, widow of Adm. of the Fleet Sir Jas. 

Hope, g.c.b.— Jan. 20. 
Howland, Hon. Sir Wm. Pearce, k.c.m.g., c.b. 

(aged 94).— Jan. 1. 
Hozier, Col. Sir Henry Montague, k.c.b.— Feb. 28. 
Hutchinson, Sir Chas. Fredk., Kt. Bach., m.d.— 

Nov. 16. 

Lines, Surg.-Gen. Sir J. Harry Ker, k.c.b. (aged 86). 
—March 12. 

ohnson, Gen. Sir Allen Bayard, k.c.b.— Feb. 7. 

Julyan, Sir Penrose Goodchild, k.c.m.g., c.b. 

(aged 90) .—April 26. 
Karslake, Lady, wife of Sir W. W. Karslake, K.c— 

May 5. 

Knocker, Sir E. Wollaston Nadir, Kt. Bach., c.b.— 
Sept. 22. 

Kortright, Lady, widow of Sir Chas. E. K. Kortright. 
—Jan. 18. 

Lecky, Sir Thomas, Kt. Bach.— April 11. 
Leng. Sir John, Kt. Bach— Dec. 12, 1906. 
Lewes, Sir Saml. Wm. Sayer, Kt. Bach, (aged 83).— 
Oct. 28. 

Limri, Thakur Saheb of, k.c.i.e.— April 15. 
Logan, Sir Chas. Bowman, Kt. Bach.— March 2. 
Lushington, Sir Godfrey, g.c.m.g., k.c.b.— Feb. 5. 
M'Kenna, Lady, widow of Sir Jos. N. M'Kenna, Kt. 

Bach.— July 1. 
M'Clintock, Adm. Sir Fras. Leopold, k.c.b., e.b.s. 

(aged 88).— Nov. 17. 
Major, Sir Alfred, Kt. Bach— Jan. 31. 
Manns, Sir August, Kt. Bach, (aged 81).— March 1. 
Mansfield, Sir Chas. Edward, k.c.m.g.— Aug. 1. 
Martin, Col. Sir Richd. E. Rowley, k.c.b., k.c.m.g.— 

May 15. 

Mills, Sir Richard, k.c.b.,— Dec. 8, 1906. 
MoncriefT, Lady, widow of Col. Sir Alex. Moncrieff, 

k.c.b. — Feb. 17. 
Morgan, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. Morgan, k.c.m.g. 

—Sept. 26. 
Morris, Sir Lewis, Kt. Bach.— Nov. 12. 
Mundy, Lady, widow of Sir Robt. M. Mundy, 

k.c.m.g. — Dec. 7, 1906. 
Murshidabad, The Nawab of, g.c.i.e.— Dec. 25, 1906. 
Nation, Gen. Sir Jno. Louis, k.c.b. (aged 80).— 

Dec. 5, 1906. 

Norcott, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir W. S. R. Norcott, 

k.c.b. — May 27. 
Nugent, Lady, widow of Sir Chas. B. P. Nugent, 

k.c.b.— March 10. 
Perkins, Sir Wm. Henry, Kt. Bach., T.n.s.—July 14. 
RadclifTe, Sir David, Kt. Bach— April 10. 
Randolph, Adm. Sir Geo. Granville, k.c.b. (aged 89). 

—May 25. 

Randolph, Lady, wife of the preceding.— April 5. 
Reed, Sir Edward Jas., k.c.b., f.r.s — Nov. 30, 1906. 
Ridgeway, Lady, wife of Rt. Hon. SirWest Ridgeway, 

p.c, g.c.b.— June 16. 
Roberton, Lady, widow of Sir Jas. Roberton, Kt. 

Bach— March 31. 
Russell, Sir Wm. Howard, Kt. Bach.,c.v.o. (aged 86). 

— Feb. 10. 

Sandison, Sir Alfred, Kt. Bach.— Dec. 29, 1906. 
See, Hon. Sir John, k.c.m.g.— Jan. 30. 
Smart, Lady, widow of Sir Wm. R. E. Smart, k.c.b. 
— Feb. 10. 

Snagge, Lady, widow of Hon. Sir Wm. Snagge.— 
Sept. 24. 

Stanton, Gen. Sir Edward, k.c.b., k.c.m.g. (aged 80). 
—June 24. 

Stewart, Lady, widow of Sir Robt. P. Stewart, Mus. 

Doc— Nov. 4, 1906. 
Strachey, Lady, ci., wife of Sir Jno. Strachey, 

g.c.s.i— April 10. 
Thornton, Lady, widow of Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. 

Thornton, g.c.b.— Jan. 6. 
Thuillier, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Henry L. 

Thuillier. c.s.i.— Nov. 8. 
Tracey, Adm. Sir Richd. Edwd., k.c.b.— March 7. 
Turner, Sir Chas. Arthur, k.c.i.e.— Oct. 20. 
Walpole, Sir Spencer, k.c.b.— July 7. 
Williams, Gen. Sir Edwd. C. Sparshott, k.c.i.e.— 

Oct. 2. 

Williams, Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry Fras., k.c.b. (aged 82). 
—May 1. 

Wilson, Sir Alexander, Kt. Bach.— Sept. 7. 
Wood, Lady, wife of Sir Edwd. Wood, Kt. Bach. 
—Oct. 16. 

Wood, Lady, widow of Gen. Sir Hastings Wood, 

K.C.B.'"- Nov. 25. 1906. 
Wood, Lady, wife of Sir H. Truenran Wood, Kt. 

Bach.— June 15. 

Knights' Companions. 

In addition to the above, forty-nine Companions 
of the various Orders of Knighthood died in the 
our se of the past year. 



A.A.G., Assistant Adjutant-General. 
A.D.C., Aide-de-Camp. 
A.G., Adjutant-General. 

A.I.C.E., A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. (Memb.) Inst. Civ. Engrs. 

A.M.S., Army Medical Staff. 

A.Q.M.G., Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

A. S.C., Army Service Corps. 

B. C.L., Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.C.S., Bengal Civil Service. 
B.D., Bachelor of Divinity. 
Bn., Baron. 

Bomb. S.C., Bombay Staff Corps. 
Bp., Bishop. 

B. S.C., Bengal Staff Corps. 

C. B., Companion of the Bath. 
C.C., County Council. 

C.E., Civil Engineer. 

Chmn., Chairman. 

C.I., Crown of India (Order ot). 

CLE., Companion of Indian Empire. 

C.I.V., City Imperial Volunteers. 

C.M.G., Companion of St. Michael and St. George. 

C.M.S., Church Missionary Society. 

Cmttee., Committee. 

Com., Commander. 

Commissr. , Commissioner. 

Commssn., Commission. 

Comsry., Commissary. 

Cons., Consul or Consulting. 

C.S., Civil Service. 

C.S.L, Companion of the Star of India. 

C. V.O., Commander of Royal Victorian Order. 
D„ Duke. 

D. A.G., Deputy Adjutant-General. 
D.C.L., Doctor of Civil Law. 

Dep., Deputy. Dept., Department. 

Dir., Director. 

D.L., Deputy Lieutenant. 

D. Litt., Doctor of Literature. 

D.Sc, Doctor of Science. 

D. S.O., Distinguished Service Order. 

E. , Earl. 

Engr., Engineer. 

F. C.S., Fellow of the Chemical Society. 
F.G.S., Fellow of the Geological Society. 
F.K.Q.C.P., Fell, of King and Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 
F.L.S., Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

F.R.A.S., Fellow of the Royal Astronom. Society. 
F.R.C.I., Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. 
F.R.C.S., Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. 
F. R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh ; F. R.C.S.I., of Ireland. 
F.R.C.V.S., Fellow of Roy. Coll. of Vet. Surgeons. 
F.R.G.S., Fellow of the Royal Geograph. Society. 
F.R.H.S., Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 
F.R.I.B.A., Fellow of the Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects. 
F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society. 
F.R.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 
F.R.S.L., Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. 
F.R.S.S., Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
F.S.A., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F. Z.S., Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B., Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 
G.C.H., Knight Grand Cross of Hanover. 

G.C.I. E., Knight Gd. Commander Indian Empire. 
G.C.M.G., Kt. Gd. Cross St. Michael and St. George. 
G.C.S.I., Knight Grand Commander Star of India. 
G.C.V.O., Knight Gd. Cross Royal Victorian Order. 
G.M.B., Great Master of the Bath. 

G. M.P., Grand Master of St. Patrick, similarly 
G.M.I.E., G.M.M.G., and G.M.S.I. 

H. E., His Excellency. 

H.E.I.C.S., Hon. East India Company's Service. 
H.G.D.H., His [Her] Grand Ducal Highness. 
H.H., His [Her] Highness. 
H.I.H., His [Her] Imperial Highness. 
H.I.M., His [Her] Imperial Majesty. 

H. S.H., His [Her] Serene Highness. 

I. A., Indian Army. 
I.C.S., Indian Civil Service. 
I.M.S., Indian Medical Service. 

I.S.C., Indian Staff Corps (now Ind. Army). 

I.S.O., Imperial Service Order. 

I.W., Isle of Wight. 

K.C., King's Counsel. 

K.C.B., Knight Commander of the Bath. 

K.C.H., Knight Commander of Hanover. 

K.C.I.E., Knight Commander of Indian Empire. 

K.C.M.G., ditto of St. Michael and St. George. 

K.C.S.I., Knight Commander of the Star of India. 

K.C. V.O., ditto of Royal Victorian Order. 

K.G., Knight of the Garter. 

K.H., Knight of Hanover (not a "Sir"). 

K.P., Knight of St. Patrick. 

K.T., Knight of the Thistle. 

Kt. Bach., Knight Bachelor. 

L.C.C., London County Council. 

L.I., Light Infantry. 

L.K.Q.C.P., Licentiate, &c. (see M.K.Q.C.P.). 
LL.B., Bachelor of Laws ; LL.D., Doctor of do. 
LL.M., Master of Laws. 

L.R.C.P., Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. 
L.S.A., Licentiate of Society of Apothecaries. 
L.S.B., London School Board. 
M., Marquess. 

M.B., Bachelor of Medicine ; M.D., Doctor of do. 

M.E.C., Member of Executive Council. 

M.I.C.E., Member of Inst, of Civil Engineers. 

M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., do. Electr. and Mechan. Engrs. 

M.K.Q.C.P., Memb. of King & Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

M.L.A., Member of Legislative Assembly. 

M.L.C., ditto Council. 

M.R.A.S., Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.P., Member of Royal College of Physicians. 

M.R.C.S., Member of Royal College of Surgeons. 

M.R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 

M.R.I.A., Member of Royal Irish Academy. 

M.S.C., Madras Staff Corps. 

Mus.D. [B.], Doctor [Bachelor] of Music. 

M.V.O., Member of Royal Victorian Order. 

N.I., Native Infantry. 

N.S., Nova Scotia. 

N.S.W., New South Wales. 

N.W.P.[T.], North West Provinces [Territory]. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 

O.M., Order of Merit. 

P. (inP.R.S. &c), President— see F.R.S..R.A., &c. 

P.C., Privy Councillor. 

Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy. 

Q.C., Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M.G., Quartermaster-GeneraL 

Q.S., Quarter Sessions. 

R. A., Royal Artillery or Royal Academy. 

R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music. 

R.A.M.C., Roy. Army Medical Corps. 

R.E., Royal Engineers. 

R.H.A., Roy. Horso Artill. or Roy. Hibern. Acad. 

R.I.A., Royal Irish Academy. 

R.M.A., Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I., Royal Marine Lt. Infantry. 

R.N., Royal Navy ; R.N.R., do. Reserve. 

R.R.C., Royal Red Cross. 

R.S.A., Royal Scottish Academician. 

R.S.O., Railway Sub-office. 

S.P.G., Society for Propagation of the Gospel. 

Supt., Superintendent. 

T.R.H., Their Royal Highnesses. 

V., Viscount. 

V.A , Victoria and Albert (Order of). 

Fffi, Victoria Cross. 

V.D., Volunteer Officers' Decoration. 

W.S., Writer to the Signet. 

Y.M.C.A., Young Men's Christian Association. 

Also — aftds., afterwards ; appd., appointed ; b., born; cons., consecrated ; cr., created; d., died; 
el., elected ; mar. or mrrd., married ; ord., ordained (deacon) ; pres., presumptive or present ; prev., 
previously; q.v. (quodvide), "which see" (a common form of reference) ; rem., removed; res., resigned; 
ret., retired ; sue, succeeded ; surv., surviving ; with others needless to cite. The common French word 
ne'e (born) is used to denote the maiden name of a married lady ; the masculine ne is occasionally 
employed of a gentleman who has since adopted some other surname. De jure, " by right." 




The Kingdom, its Rulers, and Their Titles. — An English Sovereign is now 
Sovereign of the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not always 
been the case: in Scotland the sovereignty was not amalgamated till 1603 and the 
countries with their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in Ireland the country was first 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. For three centuries from the Plantagenet times the English Kings were styled 
"Lords of Ireland;" Henry the Eighth was the first to substitute the title of King; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801. 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the first and third 
succeeded him as the Fourth George and William. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, our late Queen, 
who, by the law of succession, took precedence of the fifth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth by Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther ; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his own Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Third Edward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded her late Majesty from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at the fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia. — The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spurs. Of the crowns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, the Heraldic, Queen Victoria's, 
and King Edward's. The last of these, however, is practically identical with the second, 
and to avoid confusion between "King Edward" and " Saint Edward," we shall in the 
further portions of this Introduction designate the form of crown worn by our present 
Sovereign by the older term " Heraldic," <kid for the same reason we shall apply the 
word "Imperial" to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King Edward's 
Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting "arches" rising sharply from 
their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward's Crown has 
these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rose almost perpendicularly 
to the bend, at which they were nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
the miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by her late Majesty. _ The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward's 
Crown, which was so called from a stipposed resemblance (though a very remote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 
and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upper 
edge of its principal circle entirely level, whilst those of the Victoria and King Edward's 


2 Introduction. 

Crowns are wrought into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rim four 
crosses-pattee alternating with four fleurs-de-lis — the former ornaments denoting the 
Sovereign's religious headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion. 
The crown in each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every part with a blaze of 
jewels. The four crosses-pattee are frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe 
incorrectly, their limbs not being cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind 
the crosses, and above their intersecting point over the crown of the head is a miniature of 
the "orb" to be presently described — both arches and ball being completely overlaid 
with jewellery. The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds 
(brilliant, rose, or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including 
one stated to have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was 3lb. 3J0Z. troy, and we 
read that a crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something over 7lb., whilst 
even that of George the Fourth weighed 531b. 

Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the 
French monde, so that the idea of a world- wide domination is implied equally by either 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up the entire device to a 
height of 11 inches. The globular portion is of gold, and is engirt with a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres — the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal Sceptre* 
2f ft. in length, borne in the King's right hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb 
pretended to contain wood from the true Cross), over 4.5ft. in length, carried before the 
King in the coronation procession ; and the Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, 3^ ft. 
in length, placed in the King's left hand : these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished 
by a "mound," from which the dove, when there is one, appears to spring. The Queen 
Consort has also her Sceptre with the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of 
these being known also as the Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it 
is girded on to the Sovereign at his coronation, and this was done even in the case of 
Queen Anne, but Victoria, who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by 
having it placed in her hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign 
at this ceremony, but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword 
of Mercy (called, like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, " Curtana "), an 
unpointed weapon ; the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather 
obtusely ; and the Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp- pointed. Finally 
come the Spurs, called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), which 
are without rowels, but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. 
The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was not among those figuring in 
the late ceremony. The Bracelets have been wholly discontinued, but their Latin 
name " Armillse " has been confused with the " Armil " or Stole, which is called 
" Armilla " in the Gazette account of the late coronation. Other royal insignia or ac- 
cessories of that ceremony may be thus described : 

The .Coronation Chair or St. Edward's Chair (distinct from both the Recognition Chair and the 
Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to have been made in the reign of Edward the First, who had 
brought from Scotland the sacred Inauguration Stone, and had it embedded beneath the seat of this 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartZ; but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in inches 26 x i6f x 10J ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
(where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, whom he sent to Ireland with an army), 
and before even this it was said to have come fronkEgypt— in fact, it was the identical stone usedby 
Jacob for a pillow ! Another story represents it to Have been hauled up out of the sea, in the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailors of Simon Brek himself. Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
knocked all this nonsense on the head, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been 
almost certainly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The Ampulla, called also the Golden Eagle, is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its wings 
outspread, its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw off for reception of the oil, some 6oz., 
which is poured out through the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Virgin to St. Thomas a Becket, who gave it in charge to a monk of Poictiers, who again secreted it— with 
other similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a church at that place, whence they came 
into the hands of the Black Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Anointing Oil is now pure olive ; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or 
cream. It is consecrated previous to the ceremony. In an account of Queen Anne's coronation we read 
that the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine linen or fine 
Lombart wool." 

The Anointing Spoon is of pure gold with four pearls in the broadest part of th6 handle and finely 
chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appear to be very ancient. Its length is about 10 ins., 
the bowl 2h ins. 

The Colobium Sindonis is a sleeveless garment of fine white linen, worn by Kings only. This is the 
first of the garments to be put on after the anointing, and it corresponds to the alb of a priest. The 
Super tunica, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of riohclotbof gold with purple 

Relatives of the Sovereign. 


embroidered tissue. A " girdle " used in the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, Armil, or 
Armilla. Lastly the Dalmatic Robe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 
loosely over the shoulders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles. 

The Ruby Ring, which has been styled by some <r the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
the back a large violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 26 diamonds : it is jointed 
like a bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to this ornament also. King 
Edward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " f ayre old man," to whom, 
having nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
to lose their way in the Holy Land, where "there came to them a fayre ancient man, wyth whyte heer for 
age." Having learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and . . . brought 
theym in the ryghte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was, and sayd, ' I am Johan the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng, that I grete him well 
by the token that he gaff to me thys rynge with his own handes, whych rynge ye shalle delyver to hym 
agayne;' and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym sodenly."— Goldene 
Legende, p. 187. 

The King's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into "Westminster Hall and 
challenging any gainsayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir W. Dugdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Marmion, in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the extinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Dymoke, by one of whose 
descendants, Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the last Coronation, when the decision of the 
Court of Claims against the application must be regarded as the extinction of the office itself. 

Accession op a New Sovereign.— From the time of Henry the Eighth it has been 
a recognised constitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
heir becomes his already constituted successor. A meeting of the Privy Council is 
the first procedure, and Parliament is also summoned, the Commons being no longer 
subject to immediate dissolution as was the case previous to the Reform Act of 1867. 
The Councillors, Lords, and Commons are all re-sworn, and public proclamation is 
made of the accession of the new Sovereign, followed by notices of his having taken the 
oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, of his own choice of title, and 
of the continuance in their posts of persons in civil or military employment. A state 
procession on the next day, from St. James's Palace to the City, makes further an- 
nouncement of the change of ruler. For further details, with a full account of the 
Coronation itself , we must refer to our issues of 1903 and 1904. The Coronation Oath, 
it may be well to state, consists in a sworn affirmative response to each of the following 
questions : 

Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the people of this United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament agreed 
on, and the respective laws and customs of the same?— Will you to your power oause law and justice, in 
mercy, to be executed in all your judgments?— Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws 
of God, the true profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? 
And will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, 
worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England? And will you preserve 
unto the bishops and clergy of England, and to the Church therein committed to their charge, all such 
. rights and privileges as by law do or shall appertain to them, or any of them? 

The Queen-Consort. — When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a variety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The ecclesiastic charged with the office of crowning her is the Archbishop 
of York. The Queen-Consort's Crown, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 
"the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Dowager. — This royal lady, of whom the last example was Queen 
Adelaide, widow of William the Fourth, remains in most respects in the same position 
as when she was Queen-Consort, but it is no longer high treason, as it then was, to con- 
spire her death. No man can marry her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, 
but she does not forfeit her royalty by marriage with a subject. 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attached any 
special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman can 
receive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
three examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
though the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
most rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
quitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 

_______ • — ■ : " — — 

4 Introduction. 

for years been known simply as "Prince Albert/' received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Pvoyal Highness." 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Qtieen Anne, constitutes the third example. 

The Heir to the Throne. — This Royal personage is styled " the Heir 
Apparent" if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is "presumed " that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. For the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Prince of Wales. — The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) son of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth ; hence the delay which occurred in the present instance. He is by 
right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, 
Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward or Seneschal of 
Scotland, also Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the Sovereign's pleasure he is created 
by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, the patent testifying that he is con- 
firmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the girding on of a sword, the delivering 
of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring on his finger and a golden staff in his 
hand, according to custom," all at the hands of his royal parents ; the additional titles 
of Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, borne (in either the mascu- 
line or feminine form) alike by King Edward when Prince and his royal brothers 
and sisters, are an inheritance from their father and descend also to the children of His 
Majesty's brothers. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority 
in his case does not count, though, by the present King, his seat as Prince was not 
taken until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent 
a son of his own will naturally succeed to his titles, but that of Duke of Cornwall 
cannot be borne by the son of a Prince of Wales who has died whilst such : thus George 
the Third never held the title. But a brother can succeed thereto, being the eldest 
surviving son of a King, as was ultimately decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and 
Charles the First, and so with the present Prince, though no possible son of the late Duke 
of Clarence could have held it. The title, however, has been dormant more than once, 
and Richard the Second received it by a new creation. On the other hand, Sir H. Nicolas 
notes six Royal Princes born Dukes of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales, 
namely, Kings Henry and Edward the Sixth, two sons (besides this latter) of Henry 
the Eighth (who died at birth or in infancy), an infant son of Charles the First, and 
the " Old Pretender," to whom, however, some do assign the title. This title of Prince 
of Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince "free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs-; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in every 
instance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above series of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally passed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in supplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that "Carrick" is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in sound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the Crown, 
was when extant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland ; in fact, "Knight 
of St. Patrick " is the heir's only distinctively Irish honour, and the Duke of Cumber- 
land is the only member of the Royal Family who has an Irish peerage. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's Feathers, consisting of three ostrich plumes, formerly figured 

Royal Family — The Peerage and its Degrees. 


as drooping, though in 1878 this form was abandoned for the older one in which the 
feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of these is an antique coronet, 
pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for " I serve") 
— both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black Prince from the head of the 
King of Bohemia, who was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's Crown except 
that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb) and is of gold 
without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a gold lace above it ; that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Princess Royal. — The Sovereign's eldest daughter bears this title, so that it now 
accrues to the Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife, whose reception of it was, however, 
deferred till November 1905. The law hedges her about as a possible successor to the 
throne, but this privilege extends to no younger Prince or Princess. Her coronet is like 
that of her royal sisters as below. 

Remainder of the Royal Family. — Younger daughters enjoy no special precedence 
like the preceding, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when they enter the House of 
Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales (of course we are speaking in a 
general way, not of present conditions). Their seats in that House are to the left 
of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of the Sovereign, they are converted from 
sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. 
This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
according to the dates of their patents alone : this is at the present time the case with 
the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of "Royal Highness" is due to his father 
having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence — that father, being 
a King's grandson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uncles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated "Royal 
Highness,"and the latter term is bestowed also upon grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sons, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of "the Blood," and, in common with 
grandchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as " Highness " only, though the 
husbands of those daughters often receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. Those 
of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-patt^e, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 


General Remarks. — The rules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complications that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed. 
All Peers of England are Peers of Parliament, and hav$ been such from the creation of 
their titles, except in those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. In 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peerages of equally long standing, and upon the succes- 
sive Unions of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
Imperial titles and summoned to the House of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes only variations in 
rank — as " Baron A." in place of " Earl of A.," or Earl instead of Marquess, or wee versd 
— the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
(which they most frequently are, but with numerous exceptions), the respective Peers' 
ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term ' 4 Imperial ' ' is convenient 



as covering three variations entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to June 20, 1707, are classed as " Peers of England" and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of 1 800 ^ all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland were called " Peers of Great Britain ; " and 
creations from the 1st of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as " Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages of older date than the Union which had become extinct — a 
function which had been dropped by her late Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Pathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived in the case of Baron Curzon of Kedleston, to allow of his returning to the House 
of Commons instead of entering the Lords (see immediately below). One apparent 
exception to the exclusion of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case 
of the Elected Representative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by 
their native titles, but do not hold them as hereditary members — those of Ireland as Life 
Peers, and those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further 
under " Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottish Peer; but an Irish Peer who has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself (such election, however, would 
involve his being summoned to any royal function as an M.P. and not a Peer). Viscount 
Palmerston, so long member for Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent 
ones have been afforded by Lords Fermoy, Kensington, Muncaster, Dunsany, and the 
Earl of Cavan, and we have two at present in Viscount Valentia and Earl Winterton. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 

Siesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a rule without this word, 
ut to this rule there are exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, in spite of identity 
with the family name (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles Ashburnham, 
Cholmondeley, Coventry, Craven, Graham (Marquess, not Earl), Lytton, and Onslow, 
whilst it is omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, Brownlow, 
Camden, Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Ferrers, Manvers, MountCashell, Sondes, 
Strange, Temple of Stowe, and Winterton. A caution must also be observed as to 
assuming too readily that a local title gives the place of the Peer's principal residence or 
other connection ; for though this has usually been originally the ease yet there have been 
numerous changes of location, and in particular there appears to have been a special 
fancy in the Irish Peerage for selecting a title which was, or would appear to be, 
English or Scottish, though perhaps chosen from some obscure Irish village of identical 
name — as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Fife, Kensington, Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of 
which titles are of Irish creation, though some of the Peers bearing them have since 
had Imperial titles also conferred. The following is a revised list of all the titles in use 
of Marquesses and Earls which omit the " of " in modern practice : 











De Grey 
De La Warr 
Egerton of T. 








Castlestewart Fife (Irish title) Inncs 














Temple of S. 



Descent or succession of nobi^ty commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for whilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, and in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher Peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
female descent except in the two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of whom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into abeyance," for which subject see below in the third 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 7 

paragraph under "Barons." A somewhat similar exercise of the prerogative to that 
by which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 
"House of Lords," of summoning to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. The succession to different titles is likely to perplex the novice, who 
finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom lapsed 
but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." There may be "limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though "extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general," or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term is " heirs male general ") ; or a 
"special remainder" may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But 
the ordinary law is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former bearer 
of the same. Of course the direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a son to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his son or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heir, then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late Baron had been created an Earl, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special" or "general "remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one who was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a few patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may be 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if the Peerage 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires. 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the House of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belonging to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not compelled) to attend, when each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the.Koyal Gallery, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
white rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts were called in to give advice 
in the case of legal difficulties, and about two hundred members of the House of Peers 
sat. as both judges and jury, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon their 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this will have been the last. In cases of misde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tried by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
-suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinary 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
not liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
the Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Forester there is, moreover, 
attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated with exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order — availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Ferrers— if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edward the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason, 
it annuls the title for ever (unless restored) ; but if only for felony, then if the title was 



granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case 
of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a 
descendant through a collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue 
came to an end ; but if the peerage was held by letters-patent the attainder would 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be 
met with in the Directory of an attainder being removed by Act of Parliament ; and 
then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities aS to how many 
Peers of the title there have been. 

The arras of all Peers contain " supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical 
figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, 
not "as Baronets," we are told, but the exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland 
rather the rule ; even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. 

Dukes. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been 
primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl; but its first 
employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of 
Edward the Third, when the Black Prince, who was already Earl of 
Chester, though not as yet Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. 
In English usage it is thus less ancient than either Earl or Baron, though 
the military term "Dux" was common even among the Anglo-Saxons, 
whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke (indeed, it is 
remarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for their 
tardiness in permitting the adoption by their subjects of an honour so distinguished 
among themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was the next creation, and 
others followed, though so sparingly that when in 1572 the Duke of Norfolk was 
executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was speedily revived, 
however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Richmond and Buckingham 
were created in 1623 ; whilst Charles the Second restored with full precedence the 
attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles in the English 
Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and Peer; the 
Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier Duke of Scotland, and the Duke of Leinster 
(1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are 
— 22 Imperial (besides Princes of the Blood Royal), 7 Scottish (besides the heir to the 
throne), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created by the ceremony of girding on a 
sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. They are now, like Peers 
generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled in official language " Most 
Noble," but conventionally and more commonly " His Grace ;" in very formal style 
he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and Noble Prince," and by the 
Sovereign, "Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin," adding "and 
Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," according to Blackstone, 
began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in some way with every Earl in 
the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the others, Barons only excepted. 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over 
a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger 
Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- 
berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, 
as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white 
taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- 
zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold 
lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives 
place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, 
the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same 
occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of which is furred with miniver five 
inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black 
ermine : train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet is a miniature of the Duke's 
(page 14). 

A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore 
follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

* Ermine takes its name from the ermine weasel, which in winter is pure white with the exception of the black 
tips of the tail : these tips are used to form the variegations in the regular ermine as well as the dark bars. 
Miniver is strictly the pure white fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied to 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq., 

commonly called the Marquess of ." As a rule, he takes by courtesy his father's 

second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," and once (Somerset) only "Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only " Right Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
A Duke's younger sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never taking the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word " Lord " to their Christian names. So a Duke's 
daughters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
ness, " and rank aftjer these and the wives of Dukes' eldest sons ; whilst if a Duke's 
daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Maequesses.— The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Eichard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of Dublin, 
when the King performed the ceremony of girding on a sword and placing 
a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made 
the Earl of Somerset Marquess of Dorset ; but no further instance occurs 
till the reign of Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from 
Marchio, a title previously applied to both Earls and Barons, especially those 
who were "Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The 
French form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means 
gone out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in Thoms's ' Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption 
as a travelling-title — which it must be confessed is rather a reason for wishing it abolished 
than for proving it to be wrong: indeed, in old usage we have met with the form 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marquis." We have, however, both here 
and in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the more favoured form 
with the upper circles. The German title corresponding to it is Markgraf, which 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which 
happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; 
but in the year 1532 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the, Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Roll of Marquesses so styled, is premier 
in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged in the Leinster dukedom, 
has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 23 Imperial Mar- 
quesses, 4 Scottish, and 10 Irish. The style of a Marquess is *'Most Honourable," 
not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under "Dukes"). 
J As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called "pearls "), slightly raised on points (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry -leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller; her robe has three and a half bars of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, whilst the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 

A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of "Dukes" applies here also. 
See, for all degrees, the " Table of Precedency " and "Forms of Addressing." 

Earls. — This degree is much older than either of the preceding. Blackstone says that 
' f Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much 
seems tolerably certain, that among the Saxons they were called Ealdormen, 
quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior or Senator among the Romans : 
and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil government of a 
several division or shire. On the irruption of the Danes they changed the 
name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their lan- 
guage. In Latin they are called Gomites from being the King's attendants. . . . After the 



Norman conquest they were called Counts* or Countees from the French ; but they did not 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires are from them called counties to 
this day." This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans with simply an altered 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriators who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the 
Third "Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only dignities existing 
in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest rank of nobility then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two 
or perhaps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons — within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. A 
lower order was made Earl of a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denarium or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court ; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst in 
Scotland and Ireland the proportion is larger still — in -Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quit« so 
disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are — Imperial 125 (1 female), Scottish 45, Irish 62. "For many centuries," says Sir Harris 
Nicolas, f "earldoms have always been conferred by letters-patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of creating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in this country, 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Roll the Earl of Shrewsbury and 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year 1100, being given precedence 
of 1404 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1228), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl upon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland 
we have been directed to the earldom of Karrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde mar- 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a believer in its genuineness, can find no proof as 
to when such title was conferred, and thus the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) 
must stand first in antiquity (1316), whilst the Earl of Waterford (1446), who is also 
Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, 
and Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
Sovereign, " Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under ' ' Dukes "). 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of any other 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden rays which reach to the 
top of the cap and have small golden strawberry-leaves alternating between them. His 
mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine. A 
Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of ermine, 
a miniver edging three inches in bx-eadth, and a train a yard and a half on the ground. 

An Earl's eldest son is "born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that 
courtesy-title; but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected. 
Younger sons are esteemed as equal to Barons, but all daughters as Viscountesses; these 
latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
(though only a part of that unfair elevation of daughters over all sons but the eldest 
which runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies" and 
"Right Hon ourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables. " 
Again see at the conclusion of 4 ' Dukes " and under ' ' Peers by Courtesy " and ' 1 Addressing. " 

* The title " Count " is now purely honorary in France. 

t As the name of this learned herald is liable to be misspelt we may observe that its correct and complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (familiarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," as Hood calls him in ' Miss Kilmansegg '). 

The Peerage and its Degrees. n 

Viscounts. — Thisdegree, like that of Marquess, has been but sparingly conferred, though 
its numbers have been doubled during the past quarter of a century. The word, how- 
ever, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-comes, Earl's Deputy, 
which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal use in France ; 
but its first employment as designating a rank in the English nobility was 
in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated John, Lord Beaumont, to the title 
of Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the 
succession to heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been the one usually 
observed in the creation of any Peer. Twice the degree became extinct, but it was finally 
revived in 1550 by the elevation of Baron Eerrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor 
being now the Premier English Viscount. In Ireland this degree is proportionally more 
numerous than in England, there being now 37 to English 41, the premier being Viscount 
Gormanston (1478) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it numbers but four (now that that of 
Strathallan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falkland (1620) for premier 
upon the Roll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Earl of Mar and Kellie, as holder of the 
premier viscounty. At first a viscounty was simply the advancement of a barony, and then 
its superior accompaniment ; but modern Viscounts have usually no second title, though 
exceptions do crop up as in the creation in 1900 of Viscount Ridley, who is also Baron 
Wensleydale. It is stated in ' The Book of the Court ' that any English Premier on 
retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice it would be far better to say this of every 
Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the Premiers of the nineteenth century, we 
note three who were made Earls, one a Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired 
without any advancement, the remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon 
entering office. A Viscount is designated by the Sovereign, "Our right trusty and 
well-beloved cousin." The word " cousin " does not extend to Barons. 

The insignia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls (this 
is the number enjoined at coronations, but fourteen may often be found in books); 
and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine {i.e. three on the right side 
and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son and his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no "definite equivalent, now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsolete, but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title " Honourable." 

Bahons.— The word "Baron" is supposed to have been derived from the Celtic Ber or 
Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural Barones). The 
Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegnes or "Thanes," and these terms, as 
well as the later one "Baron," were applied, both for ecclesiastics and lay- 
men, to those men of rank who were about the King. "Baron " came thus, 
for a time, to be prefixed to the names of saints {e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), 
and after it " Monsieur " was similarly used down to the fifteenth century : 
in France the nobles would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of " Baron," and 
we read that the family of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la 
Chr^tiente." A Thane under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required 
to possess " fully five hides of his own land," together with a church, a " borough-gate " 
where he could dispense justice on the Scripture model, and a " kitchen and bell-house " 
for the exercise of hospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. 
The Normans either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule 
that we come to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure 
in the history of this degree. 

These were the Barons by Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
of them were leading citizens, they were as distinctly subordinated to the Earls of their 
respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordinate to themselves. But 
this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons " was used conventionally for 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montf ort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as " Simon de 
Montf ort with other Barons," though in the same sentence he speaks of the " Earls and 
Barons of the realm of England." And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 



immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were 
"Barons and Earls" to the King became " Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached 
to each " fee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons 
to the Great Council. But by the time of J ohn many of the Barons had become greatly 
impoverished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the whole of 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into 
Barones Major es and Barones Minor es, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. 
These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively by the Sheriff : hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses (accomplished 1332). As yet, 
however, the Lower House was not really established, and the Greater Barons con- 
stituted the only regular Legislature for another half-century. Baronies by Tenure 
have now been long a thing of the past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there 
had been none "for many ages," though there is still an earldom — that of Arundel — 
which is attached to the ducal house of Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel 

The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted them were the Barons by Writ. We 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- 
self vouchsafed to direct his writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time was 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election, " along with 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear 
to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, 
and leaving the others to the Sheriff. The still existing Baronies then named are those 
of De Bos, Le Despencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), 
whilst in the line of Camoys {q.v.) the first Baron by writ was originally summoned 
twelve days earlier than any of these. Following this we read of writs of summons 
in the nth year of Edward the First (1283), constituting a small number of Barons, 
among whom were those of Mowbray and Segrave (titles since united in one noble- 
man) ; whilst in the 22nd of the same King there was published a decree commanding 
some sixty persons "to attend the King wherever he might be, to advise on the affairs 
of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients Peers of 
Parliament is by no means clear. In the year that followed, however (June 24, 1295), an 
unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one of its recipients. 
The writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony 
(Blackstone states that some had supposed tioo sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas 
shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the lineal heirs both male and 
female. These writs are of the class termed Brevia clausa, from being " closed up " with 
yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
are occasionally brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
stated under " General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
or daughter's descendant. In the case of females, primogeniture is disregarded in the 
succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family, nor yet with 
Peers of Scotland ; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 
succession, not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ; but see under 

* Mr. Walford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the effect that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th year of Henry 
the First) giving tne degrees and seats of the Lords and Commons of that year as constituting one united body. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more than one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson (i.e. a son of one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only). Thus the abeyance 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a 
prerogative of the Crown which enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
first co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The succession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by letters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage; in that of a male holding 
no such higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any new creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Roll of the Lords, for, 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons by Patent. Though a patent is now the only form 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern 
innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the 
Second in 1387. Prom this date for a long period the processes of writ and patent were 
followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the Great Seal, 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — generally limited to his own heirs male. Up 
to the thirteenth year of James the Pirst the creation by letters-patent was accompanied 
by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver ; but in that year it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all there are now 344 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, with 65 Irish, but only 
26 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Boll is that of De Bos 
dating from 1264. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," we find the Duke of Sutherland holding the barony or lordship of 
Strathnaver (1228), whilst Baron Forbes (about 1442) stands first upon the Roll. But 
the oldest barony of all is in the Irish Peerage, where (disregarding that of 
Howth and others which are by tenure only) that of Kingsale (1172) stands first upon the 
Roll, though its only certain title is by tenure (Sir John de Courcy, the famous English 
champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having received no title of nobility 
whatever). A Baron is conventionally called ' 4 Lord, ' ' and is addressed by the Sovereign 
as " Our right trusty and well-beloved " (without "cousin"). 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
" Baron " in the official titles. On this see further under "Scottish and Irish Peers " 
(page 20). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet — which from the time of Charles the Second 
has been denoted by six silver balls — and the mantle with two bars of black fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and 
daughters without distinction take the designation "Honourable." 

Note on Cokonets and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending 
in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading 
insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be 
chased only. All alike have the cap of velvet, lined with white silk and turned up with 

14 Introduction. 

spotted ermine (page 8, note). The following are the distinctions among crowns and 
coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereign — 4 crosses-patt£e and 4 fleurs-de-lis, with 2 arches. 
Prince of Wales— the same with only 1 arch. 
Princes of "Blood Royal "—the same with no arch. 

Princesses of ditto— 2 crosses-pattee, 2 strawberry-leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 
Princes and Princesses of " the Blood "—4 crosses-pattee and 4 strawberry-leaves. 
Dukes— 8 strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry -leaves and 4 pearls " (silver balls) slightly mounted. 
EarU—% pearls mounted on high golden rays with leaves alternating. 
Viscounts— 16 pearls, not mounted. 
Barons— 6 pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage (as to which see "Insignia" under "Dukes") the 
differences consist in the number of bars or guards of ermine upon those worn on state 
occasions in Parliament, and the corresponding number of rows of ermine-spots upon 
the Coronation robes — Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above 
in loc), Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The coronation mantles 
of Peeresses vary thus : 

Duchesses ... 5 inches miniver border, 4 bars ermine, 2 yards train. 
Marchionesses 4 „ „ „ 3§ „ „ it „ „ 

Countesses ... 3 „ „ „ 3 »» >» i£ » .> 

Viscountesses z§ „ „ „ 2I „ „ ij ,, „ 

Baronesses ... 2 „ „ „ 2 „ „ 1 yard „ 

Archbishops. — The general character of this division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Archbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-seven Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) against ten in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, whilst his colleague follows after 
that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
AH England" and "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself "By Divine 
Providence " and the other "By Divine Permission," as do the Bishops. To the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal 
Family, the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that 
" wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners" 
(the Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the First, Edward the Second, Queen 
Mary, and William the Third) ; the Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the 
Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Previous 
to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishop of York crowns the Queen-Consort, and is consti- 
tuted her perpetual chaplain. This Archbishopric is more ancient than that of Canter- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 a. u. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Canterbury, owing to a suggestion from Archbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown 
upon some Scot or Dane! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Your 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state 
that they do not differ from those of Bishops,, but the 4 Encyclopedia Britannica ' 
asserts that they rise out of ducal coronets, though adding that the decoration is 
" without authority : " see at close of "Bishops." 

Bishops. — There are at present thirty-five diocesan Bishops in the English Church 
in addition to the two Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own dioceses. There 
are also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such, do not form a 
part of the Peerage. The twenty-seven sees or dioceses in the Province of Canter- 
bury are : 

Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chichester, Ely, 
Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff , London, Norwich, 
Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salis- 
bury, South war k, Southwell, Truro, Winchester, Worcester. 
The ten of York Province are : 

Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, York. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 15 

Of these, Birmingham, St. Albans, Southwark, Southwell, and Truro in the former 
list, and Ripon, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, and Wakefield in the latter, are 
of recent institution, the original total having been twenty-four, in addition to the 
see of Sodor and Man, the occupant of which has still an honorary seat in the House 
of Lords, without a vote or liberty to join in the debates, having his own legislative 
position in the Manx House of Keys. When an increase upon the original twenty-four 
was commenced, it was enacted that new appointees should not sit in the House of 
Lords until vacancies arose among their seniors, the new prelate chosen to fill the vacancy 
being placed in turn at the foot of the junior list, so that the former number of seats in 
the House should never be exceeded.* Thus the newly-created sees rank on full equality 
with the old, and a rotation is maintained among their occupants which, except as to the 
statement in the next sentence, follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special 
feature consists in the continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, 
and Winchester, who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. 
In fact, we come to have four classes or series among the thirty-five Bishops : 

1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty -one seniors of the remainder — Peers through seniority. 

3. Ten juniors — awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man— incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given in Whitaker's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that in which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Barons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order — London, Durham, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should " precede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This section of our work obtained, for its issue in the year 1900, the privilege of hierh 
ecclesiastical supervision, having been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the 
English Church and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, since elevated 
to the bishopric of Gibraltar. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the 
"diversity between important persons;" the second pronounced that "Bishops are 
Peers of the Realm," and that "all Bishops are Lords Bishops;" whilst the third 
favoured us with the following valuable paper : 

" Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in the Witan, together with the Ealdormen and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Great Council 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the House of Lords. Their 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be 
summoned in like manner as barones, still, however, retaining much of their earlier 
character as sapientes or 'Spiritual Lords of Parliament.' Both characters have been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past— in respect both 
of his barony and of his personal status as Earl Palatine of the County of Durham and 
Prince Bishop — by making his appearance at a review 'in a lay habit of purple, with 
jack boots and his hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

"Upon the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided that the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should be represented in 

* But a Bishop who has once attained the seniority will not forfeit his seat in the Lords though he accepts 
translation to another see that may be vacant. . This was exemplified in 1895 on the Bishop of Newcastle 
becoming Bishop of Chichester, and again in 1903 upon another Bishop of Newcastle changing to St. Albans ; yet 
again in 1905. on the Bishop of Worcester going to Birmingham and the Bishop of Rochester to Southwark : the See 
vacated goesan. these cases to the foot of the list. 

1 6 Introduction. 

'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of their 
number chosen 'by rotation of sessions.' Of the four Archbishops one sat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bishoprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes ; and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, the Irish 
Bishops were excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
precedency is now shared by the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. 

" The question whether the Bishops who have seats in Parliament are Peers of the 
Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term 
'Peer' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
judgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
exempt from secular jurisdiction on the same grounds. These were ecclesiastical 
provisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
privileges of peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that ' they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
not Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of peerage which the Bishops once 
possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

" A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
' Lord Bishop,' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves. 
But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as ' Lord 
Bishop,' and this not by virtue of any special grant — still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be given to all Bishops at the present day, is 
another question." 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed 
to us the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion 
and practice came out clear beyond mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others we find a gradual shading 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter 
of right is concerned, the title "Lord Bishop" belongs not only to English diocesan 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess 
patents (a form now disused) have had it therein expressly conveyed; and even as 
to the English Bishops Suffragan, when a small number of these were created in the 
16th century they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to be deduced. There were 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dominus Episcopus " 
was applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their 
address. But now, when the degrees of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, 
we find that this form has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Church still in office have come to be styled " Lords Bishops : the 
Suffragans are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actually dis- 
senters from the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expressly answered our enquiry with, "No, this style is 
happily not customary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclaimer, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
" Lord" where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its omission : one clerical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
address "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an American Missionary or " Foreign " Bishop) 
without being reproved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 17 

" Right Reverend Sir " is beginning to be dropped for the English style. A retired 
Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching to the see and not 
to the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somewhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Right Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord." The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but "Bishop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ;" still his personal address 
is "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissary is simply the agent of a Colonial or other prelate. 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our former opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 
prominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
he it was) could have laid it down to us that they were Peers of the Realm is something 
incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of their office alone, and 
that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves, usually not gaining their seats 
till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My Lord ") as purely 
commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called " Peers 
of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in which it 
might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. This statement must cover even the remark 
attributed to the late Bp. Creighton that he was the holder of a " barony : " the Standing 
Orders of the House of Lords most expressly lay it down that " Bishops are not 

Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdivision of a diocese 
or yielding an unlocalised assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguished by some 
topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
"Nottingham," "Penrith," &c.,have disappeared, whilst new titles crop up from year 
to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomalies as 
"Bedford " and "Marlborough" recently in the diocese of London ; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old, thus actually remaining a " Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suffragan to be consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had been consecrated already (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics in the various dioceses as at present constituted, are as follows : 

Canterbury— Dover, Croydon. 
Carlisle— Baiww-in-Furness. 
Durham— Jarrow. 
Exeter — Crediton. 
L incoln— Grantham. 

London— Stepney, Islington, Kensington. 
Manchester — Burnley. 
Norwich — Thetford, Ipswich. 
Oxford— Heading. 

Peterborough — Leicester. 
Bipon— Richmond, Knaresborough. 
St. Albans— Colchester, Barking. 
St. David's— Swansea. 

Southwark— Kingston-on-Thames, "Woolwich. 
Southwell — Derby. 
Truro— St. Germans. 

Winchester— Guildford, Southampton, Dorking. 
York— Beverley, Hull, Sheffisld. 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Birmingham, Chester, Chichester, Ely, Glouce3ter, 
Liverpool, Llandaff, Newcastle, Rochester (from 1905), St. Asaph, Salisbury, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, or Worcester ; whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there is a Bishop Assistant 
in Bath and Wells, Bristol, Hereford, and Lichfield : there are also Assistants in addi- 
tion to Suffragans in London, Manchester, and Peterborough. 

Coadjutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
Missionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their superiors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere. 

* There were but two or three- Suffragan sees actually constituted out of this 26, and upon their holders 
dying out no successors were appointed, so that from 1597 to 1870 the title had no distinctive existence in the 
English Protestant Church. Still, in this Church as in that of Rome, all Bishops not Metropolitans are sometimes 
called Suffragans, and from this circumstance a former correspondent of ' Crockford ' was led to pronounce an 
essential difference between Suffragan Bishops and Bishops Suffragan. We have followed his harmless caution, 
but successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of no practical moment. 




A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, and having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Durham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two "orbs." If the Archbishops adopt this style of one of their own subordinates, 
it will surely be generally desired that usage should ere this have supplied them with 
the "authority " said to be lacking. The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating 
in a crook, is still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from 
a crosier) is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage.— Even neglecting the above degrees of Dukes, 
Marquesses, Earls, &c, we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars see the two following divisions) : 

i. The House of Lords. 

1. Peers created. 

(1) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Lav/ Lords). 

(3) Official Peers (Lords Spiritual), 

2. Peers elected. 

(1) For Life (Irish Representative Peers). 

(2) For one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 
II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Full Rank. 

(1) Scottish Peers \ Many of these sit in the House of Lords either under Imperial titles or 

(2) Irish Peers / as Representatives. 

2. Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession), 

(2) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles. 

(1) Eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and Marquesses' eldest sons, 

(3) Younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons. 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 

(6) Daughters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 


Classification of Degrees.— The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these are accordingly specified 
separately. Up to the date of our going to Press, the list stands as under : 

, ,. ™ „ „ , Hereditary. Life or a Torm. Minors. Total. 

Princes of the Blood Royal 3 ., T 

Archbishops , 3 . , | 

Dukes 33 t- " 32 

Marquesses , 33 ' " 2 , 

Earls.... ia 3 'i ia 4 

Viscounts 37 4 J, 

Bishops 24 ,7 2 4 

Barons (exclusive of Bn. Gardner) . . 333 * 'g w 

Scottish Representative Peers 16 i6 

Irish ditto . , , , . s3 -8 

House of 606 + 10 Minors =616 

Forms of Admittance.— The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole 
Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the 
heading of Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons 
are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions, it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal of England. It 
may almost be added that no new peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
them a right to sit m the House of Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her * but the 

The House of Lords. 


power of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
have lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters-patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" near 
the end of the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 
son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
title and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the issue of such writs centuries ago, and 
that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Representative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 
informing him of the re-assembling of the House. 

_ The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
either to the creation, succession, or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
King of Arms (or " Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and 
writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 
who enjoins that his credentials shall be read ; the oaths are next administered, the writ 
handed over for keeping by the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his 
seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 
Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat. 

It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 
bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 
Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Arrangement and Pkocedure. — Two thrones are provided for the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers constitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. The House gives its votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering " Content " or "Not Content," 
but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
Lord Chancellor himself participates in ttie vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House as the 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose presence, or that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part both in the debates and the voting.* The Peers, by a 
Standing Order in 1868, have dropped the right of voting by proxy, but members may 
enter upon the journals of the House (if within 48 hours) their individual protest against 
any measure which has received the sanction of the majority. The House is the 
ultimate Court of Appeal, those Peers who have been Judges being the acting members; 
nevertheless it was "decided in 1905, in the case of Lord Coleridge, that a Peer might 
continue a K.C. and even plead at the bar of the House, though not before a Committee 
or in a criminal case (this K.C. ceases now that Lord C. has become a Judge). 

* The "Lord High Chancellor of England" finds his more exalted functions in his position as the first judicial 
officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. He is created by the mere 
delivery of the Great Seal into his custody. He is ex officio a Privy Councillor, he appoints all justices of the peace, 
is visitor of royal foundations, patron of the smaller Crown livings, and guardian of infants, idiots, and lunatics 
(through the Masters inlmnacy) ; he presides over the Court of Chancery, and has been assigned the title of " Keeper 
of th« King's Conscience." Till the time of James the First the post did not carry with it an hereditary peerage, 
but was at first always filled by ecclesiastics, of whom Cardinal Wolsey is the most eminent example. It was when 
Henry the Eighth had resolved to overthrow the Church that he transferred the appointment to Sir Thomas More. 



Hereditaky Peers. — Our two tables have brought out the fact that there are Peers 
of 5 Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and 
Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, _ shows that the 
former class of exceptions are comparatively few. These are noticed in our next two 
paragraphs, whilst the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary 
Peers within the House, but not succeeding by heredity thereto. 

Life Peers. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small 
number of Law Lords, at present five. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 in 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of A ppeal into Life Barons 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired (the late Lord Chief J ustice was 
also a Life Peer). There have up to the present been fourteen such appointments (in addi- 
tion to the preceding, who was afterwards made an hereditary Baron, as was the late 
Lord Morris), namely, Lords Blackburn, Bowen, Davey, FitzGerald, Gordon, Hannen, 
Morris, Watson, and Russell of Killowen, who are deceased, and Lords Atkinson, 
Collins, Macnaghten, Lindley (retired), and Robertson, who are still living. The wives 
of these Peers take the title of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the 
children of Life Peers now rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the 
courtesy-title " Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Spiritual, already described irnder the 
preceding division. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on 
condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops." 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their wives and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop 
being simply " Mrs." 

Peers Elected. — We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Representa- 
tive Peers, both of which are full Peers of their respective nations, and are elected by 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 
omissions under Irish Roll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life ; those 
of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-elected at every fresh Parliament. Elected Peers 
do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new Parliament. 


Scottish and Irish Peers.— The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barons, differ broadly from that of England in 
their not conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, there are very many who, as fully enumerated upon 
page 36, possess Imperial hereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native 
ones — in fact, this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland, and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earls, Barons, &c, see under those degrees, 
as per Index). 

The Scottish Peerage in its early beginnings comes to us under a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet bears the Gaelic form of M6rmhaor(usually printed 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this drstinction 
were the predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under that title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 1114 as one of "the Seven 
Earls " connected with the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have 

* It may hero be remarked upon this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word 
" Scotch ; " the people are " Scots," and their adjective is " Scots " or " Scottish." Their Education Department has. 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may turn up from time to 
time, such as " Scotch whisky," " Scotch snuff," "Scotch haggis," "Scotch thistle," "Scotch kale," "Scotch mist, : ' 
and " Scotch terrier." Again, the Scotsman Boswell uses the form " Scotch" repeatedly in his 'Life of Johnson,' 
so that certainly no one can say that " the decree has been made absolute." 

The Outside Peerage. 21 

held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to have 
been merged under this wider designation, just aa we had it above (page 11) 
in the case of "Simon de Montfort with other Barons*" for the Scottish nobility 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the lands, already designated 
earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going 
to the eldest inheritor only). But James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament, " and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl." acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (now 45 against 26). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nobles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of English usage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Robert the Third in 1398 made his^on 
Duke of Rothesay, and his brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland, as elsewhere observed,; 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of primogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. 

In the Irish Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and this in spite of the fact 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively used for 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, but this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word " Baron " for a title of nobility. Irish Peers, as else- 
where stated, have the distinctive privilege of admission by election to the House of 
Commons for any constituency not in Ireland itself. 

Peeresses in Own Right. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but frequently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some of 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict right in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by male3 will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
time take leave of that House. 

Scottish Lords of Session.— We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether ; 
for the word "Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately "Baron "and "Lord Chief 
Baron " were used. An Order in Council of February 1905 authorised the retention of 
the title for life, irrespective of retirement, and the style "Lady" is to be enjoyed by 
the wife, and to continue in widowhood though not after re-marriage ; but no distinction 
is conferred upon the children. " Lord" in this case takes the prefix " Hon." in place 
of the " Right Hon." of actual Lords. These Lords, thirteen in number, are included 
in our Directory, and a list of them will be found in Whitaker's Almanack. For the 
style of the two Presidents see the note under " Kingsburgh." 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions. — We are continually 
meeting in the papers with some title which belongs, or affects to belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fac,, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
flash in English society, or it may be a crash among English tradesmen ; while others 
are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 
We have given nearly all the names to be found in either ' Burke ' or ' Debrett, ' 



together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly eure to take steps for making their presence known* 

A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (De Longueuil), 
and quite a host of those holding Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these we now supply, we believe, a complete 
list, including even those who hold uncouth Arabic titles : one of these last, the 
Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble of Malta, and as such was deputed to 
represent the Peerage of the island at King Edward's coronation. As a rule, a 
foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence in the British dominions, but some 
thirty of those held in Malta are practically " taken over " by our Government, and 
they take precedence at the British Court next after the Barons of Ireland. This 
they do regardless of designation, for in Malta the terms Marquess, Count, and Baron 
are treated as titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation 
alone governing their precedence, and the form of address being "Most Noble" 
irrespectively to all. The adoption of these titles by our Government was in com- 
pliance with treaty obligations on our acquisition of the island (just as the above title 
of De Longueuil followed the cession of Canada by France). Besides Spain and 
Genoa, we find among the sources of these honours the Papacy (though officially 
ignored), Austria, Naples, Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of Malta 
itself, these last supplying the only strictly Maltese peerages. Turning from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," which the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our own aristocracy can append to their other titles that of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Roman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable means. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a "Spanish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom ; " and he adds that at least 120 British subjects hold foreign 
titles. We may briefly instance the French dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort (late), and 
Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; 
Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Reay's Dutch title, and the Earl of 
Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, there are the Austrian baronies of 
Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's Prussian barony of 
Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of Maranham, the Portuguese 
viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern (late) and earldom of Cape St. Vincent, 
the Italian dukedom of Gandolfi, and the Russian barony of Dimsdale. There are 
several honours hailing from Saxe-Coburg, whilst Hanover, Hungary, and Sweden 
are cited as having contributed one each. 


Use of the Terms "Lord," "Lady," "Hon.," &c— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular conventional designation of a Baron, and frequently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patent or writ, as is especially noticeable 
in the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general term for 
any nobleman, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
U3ed in the case of the eldest sons of such of the higher Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is higher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title " Lady '" 
is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases except the fifth (the sixth is now included), 
by the daughters of Earls, and by the wives of Baronets, and, in practice, by those of 
Knights also. When the word ' ' Lord, " or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian 
name, as "Alfred, Lord Tennyson," the title " Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the 
"Alfred" shows which one of the line is intended (the form " Lord Alfred " could only 
be the courtesy-title of some younger son as above) ; and so we have " Edward, Earl 
of Derby," " Maria, Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each 
nobleman is designated by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian 
names. The leading name suffices for less formal use. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 


We have found it necessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we 
had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with 
which we have met, even amongst writers whom we should have assumed to be well- 
informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater 
fulness to those with whom the laws of address have long been as their ABC. In 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, 
Earl of Derby" are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " 1st Baron 
T." and "14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages we may hear of 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can never have this inversion of the Christian 
name in either of the Peerages of our own islands. In fact, even in the use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than that of "Lord," so that 
such forms as " Viscount James Cranborne" are simply outrageous monstrosities. 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied term "Lord" is the 
courtesy-title of a younger son of some Duke or Marquess; then the addition of 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even 
here care must be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy-title of an eldest 
son, which, if " Lord," will usually be that of a barony included in his father's titles, 
whilst those of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname: thus we 
have Lords Stanley, Balcarres, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms 
of Derby, Crawford, and Cranbrook, and many similar titles will be found on 
glancing down the column of Eldest Sons of Earls in Whitaker's Almanack. In 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the word "Lady" the blunder is 
even more frequent ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms ' ' Lady Anne, " ' ' Lady J ane, " 
&c, must never be used except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown " or 
"Lady White," though if requiring distinction from other Ladies of the surname they 
may prefix their own Christian names, or if two ladies of the name chanced to be at 
the same address the form "Lady (E.) Smith "can be adopted : these, however, are 
conventional resorts only, "for," says the late Lord Chamberlain (who kindly examined 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented 
at Court they would each be ' Lady Smith ' simply ; " whilst the bold device of invent- 
ing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady Douglas Smith,." 
amounts at once to making a " Lord Douglas Smith " (instead of " Sir Douglas ") of 
the husband. 

The prefix "Hon." is given personally to most Peers' issue (see " Earls" &c.), and 
officially to all present or past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during 
office (not Lords Justices, who are all made Privy Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, 
who hold Life Peerages), to Lords of Session, but not their wives ("Hon. Lord," but 
"Lady " only), the Lord Provost of Glasgow &c. (during office), and to members of Exe- 
cutive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* The Parliamentary phrase "Hon. 
Member" implies no personal or official title, and it is a mistake to prefix "Hon." 
to Gentlemen Ushers : " Never with men," says our authority. " Right Hon." is the 
title of a Privy Councillor and of any Peer lower than a Marquess ; Peeresses take the 
style of their husbands ; and by courtesy either " Rt. Hon." or the commonly substituted 
' ' The " must be prefixed to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than 
"Hon.,"f a courtesy-Marquess being "Most Hon.," and "Rt. Hon." being preferable to 
"The-" in the case of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Rt.Hon." is also 
given during term of office to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Pro- 
vost of Edinburgh (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady pre- 

* This use of the title, having its rules to some extent complex, has occasionally been applied too freely. It per- 
tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria, Tasmania, or the 
Cape, all of these memberships being life appointments; also, during office, to Senators of Canada (with the 
Speakers of both Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in 
a Colony possessing responsible government (by the King's permission the title may be retained by ex-members). 
Locally the " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the Speaker of 
a Legislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, some 45 in number, comprise all 
the British dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Cape). The designation of a 
Judge in a Colonial Supreme Court is less absolutely defined: in some Colonies it is "The Honourable Mr. 
Justice A.," in others merely " His Honour Judge B." 

t This statement having recently been challenged, we in 1904 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and were 
assured in answer that "younger sons and daughters styled Lord or Lady, and eldest sons bearing special courtesy- 
cities, are entitled to the term Rt. Hon. or the substituted article," tiiough this is simply " a matter of usage as is 
the courtesy-title itself." 


viously " Hen.'' who has married a " Sir, 5 ' or else any lady who has married an " Hon. 
Sir," provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a mere office. 

The article " The " when prefixed to "Lord " or " Lady ' is a Conventional substitute 
for "Et. Hon.," and the combination " The Lady" must s therefore, not be applied to 
the wife of a Baronet or Knight. Nevertheless "The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and 
" The Dowager Lady" (though only a Baronetess) are correct forms in addressing. 

Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles.— We first note that some of these are heirs 
to peerages, while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them 
quite a multiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternately, and in some 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother— may either step into his 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, continued to be called "Viscount Belgrave," his title during 
the life of his father, Earl Grosvenor). But we find deviations more or less from any 
of the titles of the fathers, as when the word "Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed 
to the family name (as is almost regularly done when the Peer bears no third title, 
and is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designation, whilst in the cases 
of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as those 
peerages have no second title attached); or in such cases as "Viscount Trafalgar" 
instead of "Viscount Merton of Trafalgar " for the late son of Earl Nelson, or "Lord 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of 
Kintore : again, " Lord Dromore " (instead of "Lord Gillford") for the present Earl of 
Clanwilliam whilst an heir. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is 
the eldest son of the heir, but never upon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a 
previous Peer), who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest 
sons of Viscounts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the 
titles of their fathers — this term having formerly been something more than a term of 
courtesy, for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their presence : at one 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" 
before their Christian names ; whilst the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 
"Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Crown or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon 
meet the difficulty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so with the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is "Earl," but not if it is 
" Viscount " (just as with the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron by Courtesy (an Earl's grandson usually) 
may be called " Master ; " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they 
will prefix "Lord "to their names,* but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable." 
Similarly the younger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled 
either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only "Honourables," as 
are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
styled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
Barons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be "Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord," and his next son 
" Lord John," the younger sons of the Duke can never be higher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any "Lord John" only Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord " of an eldest son and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being "Honourable," but not those of the latter. 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 

* It is worth noting that at the present time there is only a single instance in the entire Peerage of a Duke' 8 
younger grandson bearing the title of " Lord," that of Lord Claud David Hamilton, son of the Marquess of Hamilton, 
who was born in 1507 ; in all other eases possible either the son is an Earl by courtesy (in which event his younger 
sons are only " Honourable "), or he is a Marquess with no second son. 


their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons take "Honourable" 
like the sons. It will be observed, as already commented upon, that in the case 
of Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons; 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, whilst the sons 
obtain only the title assigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality 
is v only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons — an Earl's 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in 
that of Barons only. The distinction has the effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
(before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and 
in consequence of greater apparent honour; whilst the term "Lady," as we have 
"already remarked, is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the 
prefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a 
Baron marries a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of the 
higher value of the two. Granddaughters, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled "The Lady" if their father's title is either " Marquess " or 
" Earl," but if it is only " Viscount," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable" only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons bear any 
title as such. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only " Lord," and the Duke's eldest son's 
eldest son will be level with an Earl even if termed only " Honourable : " what is said of 
the wife's rank at the end of the notes upon the next page is a favour to certain married 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscount or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secondly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Courtesy- 
Titles in present use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which we 
believe to be extant, will be found in their respective alphabetical positions in 
the following Directory. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atholl even exceeding twenty. 

On the Marriage of Peeresses &c— The most essential rules may be thus briefly 
specified : 

The wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his own title, wholly irrespective of 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a 
Baroness being styled "The Right Hon. Lady." 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." 
with no Christian name. 

The wife of a Baronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," "The Hon. Lady," &c. (see next page). 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her own Right retains her title after 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or 
even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is 
inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's widow who re-marries the case is in appearance the same as to 
retention of a former superior title ; but it is so by etiquette only, for even if she 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned 
to any royal function,* although conventionally she will be known by whichever title 
is the higher, and if both are the same in degree, that of her husband will naturally 

* The Dowager Countess De La Warr who had just re-married to a commoner was allowed to be present as a 
Peeress for the single day of the late Coronation. 



be used, But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord 
by Courtesy, or to a commoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by 
her former marriage, and comes to her aecond husband in precisely the same rank 
in which she oame to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher 
than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usually gratifies her by 
continuing the recent honour if desired. If the widow of a Lord by Courtesy, the same 
remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any 
daughter^ of a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, takes the rank of her husband, 
whether it exalts or lowers her ; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title 
of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank 
(governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as 
Earl, Viscount, &c), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by prefixing her 
Christian name to her husband's courtesy-title (on the diverse practice see "Ingestre," 
under "Shrewsbury");* lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or an 
eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own 
rank, as denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise 
with him if previously beneath him, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become 
"The Lady " (a " Lady " marrying a Knight or Baronet continues " The Lady Alice " 
with only change of surname, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady" without 
Christian name, the " Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady " her married status, 
which in the other case has to be absorbed). But a married lady will never retain such a 
style as "the Hon. Alice;"and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be 
omitted if he is the eldest living son of a living Peer, it must not be omitted, nor "Alice" 
substituted, on the ground of his being a commoner himself : we give this on the direct 
authority of the late Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous 
care, complicated by the anomalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher 
than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal) : the daughter 
of a Duke ranks higher than the younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own 
Christian name in preference to his ; but the daughter of a Marquess ranks only 
as equal to a Duke's younger son, and consequently may take either his or her oivn 
Christian name after "The Lady " {his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice 
upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : 
A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" will on marriage become "The Lady John" if 
her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain "The 
Lady Alice " if it was either the same or inferior : there is, however, an option of 
either style (but regularly the husband's) if higher by only one degree. f 
If entitled "Honourable" she will become "The Lady John" on marrying a Peer's son 
designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another "Honourable" or a 
commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John." 
It may be added to the above remarks that the widow of either a Lord by Courtesy or a 
younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her 
by a first (as distinct from one which was her own by birth), though here again custom 
humours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix "The Lady," but not 
that of "Honourable," which, however, many ladies still strive desperately to retain (a 
Baronets widow has an express right to continue "Lady," with her late husband's sur- 
name, but a Knights retains the distinction by courtesy only : again, if either of these 
marries an "Honourable," that title is really higher than "Lady" in her case). The 
daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honourable" will on 
marrying a "Sir" become "The Hon. Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was 
"Lady" (with a Christian name) she will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," 

* Note that this will not happen in the case of marriage of any Peer s daughter to the eldest son of a Duke, for 
the wife's rank cannot possibly be higher than his, and she will therefore take (with the rank of a Marchioness) the 
regular feminine of his own style whether Marquess, Earl, or even Lord. This rule of precedence by actual rank 
regardless of style may seem at first inconsistent with the latter half of the note that follows ; but the difference 
there denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
keeping herself superior to her unfortunate husband. 

f Only a knowledge of individual instances can sometimes decide as to the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as well as his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
Lady Florence and the others as Lady Robert and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception (=oon 
becomes evident : Lady Florence's husband is known as the Rev. Lord William Cecil (though his first Christian 
name is Rupert), and there is another Lord Wm. Cecil, son of the 3rd Marquess of Exeter ; the " Rev." distinguishes 
the husbands, but two " Lady Williams " would be confusing. Sometimes the option is extended to other cases, 
and a wife gracefully sinks her own rank in order to stand exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud 
Dundas, though a Marquess's daughter, took the courtesy-title of Viscountess Milton until she became Countess 
Fitzwilliam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a Lady Frances, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry 
Lord Francis, the younger son of a Marquess, she would sink two degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis 
instead of Frances. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives* 27 

disregarding the " Sm" A commoner marrying any person of title Whatever follows her 
husband's style exactly, from " Duchess " downward to " The "Lady John B.'' or "The Hon. 
Mrs. Charles B." (thus the wife of an Earl's younger son is " Hon." only)» As to the hus- 
band's Christian names, they may not always be needed after "Mrs," if no uncertainty is 
caused by their omission, and in point of fact they are very frequently omitted even when 
uncertainty is caused ; the wife of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. 
Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the wife of a Scottish " Master" (himself always 
" Honourable ") will be styled " The Hon. Mrs. N.," unless, of course, she was previously 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remark that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife 
of a " Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. The late Lord 
Chamberlain further informed us in 1905, and his successor distinctly confirmed it in 
1907, that the rule as to omitting the Christian name from the wife of an eldest son 
does not apply to husbands lower than the Peerage, so that even the wife of the heir to a 
baronetcy is strictly "Mrs. John B." (however conventionality may incline). The 
above rules show that whilst a lady may often rise by marriage, there is only one case in 
which she can sink by it — that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual 
Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 
the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, whilst the others, 
though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and 
three degrees beneath her. 

A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; 
it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, and compels 
himself on marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. 

Peeks' Widows.— The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so that it is desirable to use it 
with care, though, as being a form in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to 
give offence when correctly applied. So 'long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is 
unmarried, the widow of his predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earlier Peer ; but as soon as (and for so 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some way. If 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes 
the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's mother whilst his grandmother is also living, then 
she takes the style "Mary, Lady A.," "Catherine, Countess of B.," &c. ; the elder 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." 

Divokcees. — Our remarks under "Modes of Addressing " (page 76) have been more 
than once challenged, though our rule is identical with that given by 'Debrett.' But 
conventionality is apt to override rules, especially in a case of gratifying the favoured 
sex. Thus, strange as it seems, a lady who has divorced her husband continues very 
commonly to cling to his name, and if a title was attached it is a thing too precious to 
part with : indeed, one of the Judges in the recent Cowley appeal observed that he had 
never known a lady relinquish a title which she had once acquired (for the credit of the 
sex there are five or six such instances occurring in this book, but they are in the 
connection of re-marriage and not of divorce). Any title thus retained is of course, 
in 'Debrett's' words, "assumptive and worthless, and ought not to be recognised." 
He adds, " Divorced peeresses, no matter whether they have been divorced by, or have 
themselves obtained a divorce from, their husbands, do not receive a summons to a 
Coronation." None the less the empty honour is claimed, so that, as it has been put to 
us, "any person addressing such a lady without giving her the title must expect his 
letter to go unanswered ; " very likely, but not, to our mind, very creditable to the lady 
who so acts : divorce with retained style is the annulling of a bargain, but the keeping 
back of part of the price. In the case of a surname only the matter is not quite 
the same, for a person can adopt any name which is clear from the least lurking 
of fraud, so that if Mary Jones marries John Smith and then divorces him, there appears 
to be nothing absolutely to prevent her calling herself Mrs. Mary Smith (but no longer" 
Mrs. John Smith). 

Introduction , 

the rolls of mti fmm PEERAGES, 

t. Titles on the Roll of the Mouse of Lords, 

When the Houae appoints a Select Committee, the Lords appointed are named in the order of their rank, 
beginning with the highest; but -when the whole House is called over the call begins with the Junior Baron. 
[Additions in square brackets are editorial, whilst we have substituted the more definite term " Baron " for that of 
"Lord," which is used in the Roll.] 


1 H.R.H. The Prince of Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con 

naught and Strathearn 

3 H.R.H. The Duke of Albany 

Archbisuops and High State 


4 Archbishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancelloi 

( = 603) 

6 Archbishop of York 

7 The Lord President of the 

Council (=192) 

8 The Lord Privj Seal (-48) 

9 Norfolk, Earl 



England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon (D. of Hamilton) 

21 Portlard 

22 Manchester 

23 Newca: tie 

24 Northi mberland 

25 H.R.H. The Jjuke of Cum- 

berland and Teviotdale 

26 Wellington 

27 Sutherland 

28 Westminster 

29 Fife 

30 Argyll 

Marqu ESSES. + 

31 Winchester 

32 Lansdowne 

33 Townshend, Marq. 

34 Salisbury 

35 Bath 

36 Abercorn [Luke of A.) 

37 Hertford 

38 Bute 

39 Exeter 

40 Northampton 

41 Camden, Marq. 

42 Anglesey 

43 Cholmondeley 

44 Ailesbury 

45 Bristol 

46 Ai'sa 

47 Normanbv 

48 Ripon (=8) 

49 Abergavenny 

50 Breadalbane 

51 Dufferin and Ava 

52 Zetland 

53 Linlithgow 


54 The Lord Steward 

Household (—149) 

55 Shrewsbury 

56 Derby 

57 Huntingdon 

97 Harrington 
gc? Portsmouth 

99 Brooke, Earl, and E. of 

100 Buckinghamshire 

101 Fitzwiliiam, Earl 

102 Guilford 

103 Hardwicke 

104 II Chester 

105 De La Warr, Earl 
the 1 106 Radnor 

1 107 Spencer, Earl 
108 Bathurst, Earl 
! 109 Hillsborough (M. of Down- 

58 Pembroke and Montgomery! 110 Clarendon 

59 Devon 

60 Suffolk and Berkshire 

61 Denbigh 

62 Westmorland 

63 Lindsey 

64 Stamford 

65 Winchilsea and Nottingham 

66 Chesterfield 

67 Sandwich 

68 Essex 

69 Carlisle 

70 Doncaster (D. of Buccleuch 

and Queensberry) 

71 Shaftesbury 

72 Berkeley 

73 Abingdon 

74 Scarbrough 

75 Albemarle 

76 Coventry 

77 Jersey 

78 Poulett, Earl 

7Q Mar {Elected for Scotld.) 

80 Rothes (Elec'ed fir Scotld.) 

81 Morton (Elected for Scotld.) 

82 Mar and Kellie (Elected for 


83 Haddington (Elected for 


84 Lauderdale (Elected for 


85 Carnwath (Elected for Scotld.) 
8b Northesk (Elected for Scotld.) 

87 Dundonald. (Elected for 


88 Ferrers, Earl 

89 Dartmouth 

90 Tankerville 

91 Aylesford 

92 Stanhope, Earl 

93 Macclesfield [a Minor] 

94 Graham, Earl (D.of Ifontrose) 

95 Waldegrave, Earl 

96 Ashburnham 

111 Mansfield 

112 Strange, Earl (D. of Atholl) 

113 Mount Edgcumbe 

114 Fortescue, Earl 

115 Carnarvon 

116 Cadogan, Earl 

117 Malmesbury 

118 Westmeath (Elected for I reld.) 

119 Drogheda (Elected for Ir eld.) 

120 Damley (Elected for It eld.) 

121 Mayo (Elected for Ireld.) 

122 Annesley, Earl (Elected for 


123 Wicklow (Elected for Ireld.) 

124 Lucan (Elected for Ireld.) 

125 Belmore (Elected foi- Ireld.) 

126 Bandon (Elected for Ireld.) ' 

127 Rosslyn 

128 Craven 

129 Onslow 

130 Romney 

131 Chichester 

132 Wilton 

133 Powis 

134 Nelson, Earl 

135 Rosse (Elected for Ireld.) 

136 Man vers, Earl 

137 Orford 

138 Grey, Earl 

139 Lonsdale 

140 Harrowby 

141 Harewood 

142 Minto 

143 Cathcart, Earl 

144 Vemlam 

145 Brownlow, Earl 

146 St. Germans 

147 Morley 

148 Bradford 

149 Beauchamp, Earl ( = 54) 

150 Eldon 

151 Howe, Earl 

152 Strad broke 

* Occupies this position both as Premier Duke, and as a High State Officer. 

t Under this and the following series the word Marq. or Earl is appended to the title when without " of." 

Roll of the House of Lords. 


153 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

154 Kilmorey (Elected for Ireld.) 

155 Vane, Earl (M. of London- 


156 Amherst, Earl 

157 Cawdor, Earl 

158 Munster 

159 Camperdown 

160 Lichfield 

161 Durham 

162 Granville, Earl 

163 Effingham 

164 Ducie 

165 Yarborough 

166 Innes, Earl (D. of Roxburgh?) 

167 Leicester 

168 Lovelace 

169 Gainsborough 

170 Ellesmere 

171 Strafford 

172 Cottenham 

173 Cowley, Earl 

174 "Winton (E. of Eglintoun 

[Eglinton & Winton]) 

175 Dudley 

176 Russell, Earl 
— [Cromartie, Ctss. of] 

177 Kimberley 

178 Dartrey 

179 Feversham 

180 "Wharncliffe 

181 Northbrook 

182 Cairns, Earl 

183 Lytton 

184 La thorn 

185 Sondes, Earl 

186 Selbome 

187 Iddesleigh 

188 Londesborough 

189 Cranbrook 

190 Ancaster 

191 Carrington, Earl 

192 Crewe (=7) 

193 Egerton [of Tatton], Earl 

194 Halsbury 

195 Roberts, Earl 

196 Cromer 

197 Plymouth 

198 Liverpool 


199 The Lord Chamberlain of the 

Household (=240) 

200 Hereford 

20t Falkland (Elected for Scotld.) 

202 Bolingbroke and St. John 

[vacant on Roll — a Minor] 

203 Cobham 

204 Falmouth 

205 Torrington 

206 Jjeinster (Duke of L.) 

207 Hood 

208 Bangor (Elected for Ireld.) 

209 St. Vincent 

210 Melville 

211 Sidmouth 

212 Tempi etowa(Electedf or Ireld.) 

213 Gordon (E. of Aberdeen) 

214 Exmouth [a Minor] 

215 Hutchinson (E. of Donough- 


216 Clancarty (Earl of C.) 

217 Combermere [a Minor] 

218 Canterbury 

219 Hill i 

220 Hardinge 

221 Gough 

222 Halifax 

223 Bridport 

224 Portman 

225 Hampden 

226 Wolseley 

227 Cross 

— [Hambleden, VctssJ] 
223 Peel 

229 Knutsford 

230 Llandaff 

231 Esher 

232 Goschen 

233 Ridley 

234 Kitchener of Khartoum and 
of the Vaal 

235 Colville of Culross 

236 Churchill 

237 Milner 

238 Selby 

239 Iveagh 

240 Althorp (=199) 

241 Tredegar 

242 St. Aldwyn 


243 London 

244 Durham 

245 "Winchester 

246 Ripon 

247 Lincoln 
24S Salisbury 

249 Chester 

250 St. Asaph 

251 Lichfield 

252 Norwich 

253 Bath and Wells 

254 Hereford 

255 Southwark 

256 St. Albans 

257 Peterborough 

258 St. David's 

259 Bristol 

260 Wakefield 

261 Bangor 

262 Liverpool 

263 Oxford 

264 Birmingham 

265 Exeter 

266 Manchester 


— [De Ros, Bnss.] 

267 Mowbray 

— [Fauconberg and Conyers, 

268 Hastings 

269 De Clifford 

270 Clinton 

271 Zouche of Haryngworth 

— [Beaumont, Bnss.] 

272 Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Darcy de Knayth, Bnss.] 

273 Botreaux (E. of Loudoun) 

274 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, Bnss.] 

— [Berners, Bnss. ] 

275 Willoughby de Broke 

276 Vaux of Harrowden 

— [Went worth, Bnss.] 

277 Braye 
\ 278 North 

j 279 St. John of Bletso 
1 280 Howard de Walden 

281 Petre 

282 Saye and Sele 

283 Arundell of Wardour 
— [Clifton, Bnss.] 

284 Dormer 

285 Teynham 

286 Stafford 

287 Byron 

288 Lucas 

289 Clifford of Chudleigh 

290 Barnard 

291 Saltoun (Elected for Scotld.) 

292 Sinclair (Elected for Scotld.) 

293 Borthwick(.E7eci:«<2 for Scotld.) 

294 Torphichen (Elected for 

295 Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

296 Belhaven and Stenton 
(Elected for Scotld.) 

297 Boyle (E. of Cork and Orrery) 
zgS Hay (E. of Kinnoul [Kin- 


299 Middleton 

300 Monson 

301 Ponsonby (E.of Bessborough) 

302 Scarsdale 

303 Boston 

304 Lovel and Holland (E. of 

305 Vernon [a Minor] 

306 Digby 

307 Hawke 

308 Foley 

309 Dinevor [Dynevor] , 

310 Walsingham 

311 Bagot 

312 Southampton 

313 Grantley 

314 Rodney 

315 Somers 

316 Berwick 

317 Sherborne 

318 Tyrone (31. of Waterford) 

319 Carleton (E. of Shannon) [a 

320 Suflield 

321 Kenyon 

322 Braybrooke 

323 Fisherwick (M. of Donegall) 
[a Minor] 

324 Gage (Visct. G.) 

325 Thurlow 

326 Auckland 

327 Mendip (Visct. Olifden) 

328 Stuart of Castle Stuart (E. of 

329 Stewart of Garlies (E. of 

330 Saltersford (E. of Courtown) 

331 Brodrick ( Visct. Midleton) 

332 Calthorpe 

333 Gwydir [Gwydyr] 

334 Bolton 

335 Lilford 

336 Ribblesdale 

337 Dunboyne (Elected for Ireld.) 

338 Inehiquin (Elected for Ireld.) 

339 Massy (Elected for Ireld.) 

340 Muskerry (Elected for Ireld.) 

341 (Elected for Ireld.) 

342 Clonbrock (Elected for Ireld.) 

343 Headley (Elected for Ireld.) 

344 Crof ton ( Elected for Ireld. ) 
1 345 Langford (Elected for Ireld.) 



346 Ventry {Elected for Ireld.) 

347 Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 

348 Loftus {M. of Ely) 

349 Carysfort [Earl of 0.) 

350 Abercromby 

351 Ellenborough 

352 Sandys 

353 Sheffield {Earl of S.) 

354 Erskine 

355 Monteagle [MontEagle] {M. 

of Sligo) 

356 Granard {Earl of G.) 

357 Gardner [vacant] 

358 Manners 

359 Castlemaine {Elected for 


360 Meldrum {M. of Huntly) 

361 Grinstead {E. of Enniskillen) 

362 Foxford {E. of Limerick) 

363 Harris 

364 Colchester 

365 Ker {M. of Lothian) 

366 Minster {Marq. Conyngham) 

367 Ormonde {Marq. of 0.) 

368 Wernyss {Earl of W.) 

369 Silchester {E. of Longford) 

370 Oriel {Visct. 3Iasseree?ie) 

371 Bavensworth 

372 Delamere 

373 Forester 

374 Rayleigh 

375 Giiford 

376 Somerhill {M.of Clanricarde) 

377 "Wigan {E. of Crawford) 

378 Ranfurly {Earl of R.) 

379 Tenterden 

380 Plunket 

381 Heytesbury 

382 Rosebery {Earl of B.) 

383 Clanwilliam {Earl of C.) 

384 Wynford 

385 Kilmarnock {E. ofErroU) 

386 Fingall {Earl of F.) 

387 Sefton {Earl of S.) 

388 Clements {E. of Leitrim) 

389 Kenlis {M. of Headfort) 

390 Chaworth {E. of Meath) 

391 Dunmore {Earl of D.) 

392 Poltimore 

393 Mostyn 

394 Templemore 

395 Cloncurry 

396 De Saumarez 

397 Denman 

398 Abinger 

399 De L'Isle and Dudley 

400 Ashburton 

401 Hatherton 

402 Worlingham {E. of 

403 Stratheden [and Campbell] 

404 Oranmore and Browne 

{Elected for Ireld.) 

405 Lovat 

406 Bateman 

407 Kintore {Earl of K.) 

408 Eossmore 

409 Carew 

410 De Mauley 

411 Wrottesley 

412 Sudeley 

413 Methuen 

414 Stanley of Alderley 

415 Leigh 

416 Wenlook 

417 Lurgan 

418 Monteagle of Brandon 

419 Seaton 

420 Oxenfoord {E. of Stair) 

421 Vivian 

422 Congleton [a Minor] 

423 Bellew {Elected for Ireld.) 

424 Elgin {E. of Elgin and Kin 


425 De Freyne 

426 Saint Leonards 

427 Eaglan 

438 Kenmare {Earl of K.) 

429 Belper 

430 Talbot de Malahide 

431 Ebury 

432 Chesham [a Minor] ; 

433 Chelmsford 

434 Churston 

435 Leconfield 

436 Lyveden 

437 Brougham and Vaux 

438 Kinnaird 

439 Westbury 

440 Fitzhardinge 

441 Annaly 

442 Eomilly [a Minor] 

443 Meredyth {Bn. Athlumney) 

444 Kenry {E. of Dunraven and 

Mount Earl) 

445 Monck {Visct. M.) 

446 Hartismere {Bn. Hennilter) 

447 Hylton 

448 Penrhyn 

449 Brancepeth {Visct. Boyni) 

450 Kesteven 

451 Ormathwaite 

452 O'Neill 

453 Napier [of Magdala] 

454 Gormanston ( Visct. G.) 

455 Eathdonnell {Elected for 


456 Lawrence 

457 Dunning {Bn. Bollo) 

458 Balinhard {E. of Southesk) 

459 Hare {E. of IMtovjel) 

460 Howard of Glossop 

461 Castletown 

462 Acton 

463 Wolverton 

464 Greville 

465 O'Hagan 535 

466 Sandhurst 536 

467 Ettrick {Bn. Napier [of Mer- 53' 

chistoun, Bn. Napier and 53; 
Ettrick]) 539 

468 Somerton {E. of Normanlon) 540 

469 Aberdare 541 

470 Moncreiff 542 

471 Coleridge 543 

472 Emly 544 

473 Cottesloe 545 

474 Hampton 546 

475 Douglas {E. of Home) 547 

476 Eamsay {E. of Dalhousie) 548 

477 Fermanagh {E. [of] Ems) 549 

478 Harlech 550 

479 Alington 551 

480 Tollemache 552 

481 Gerard 553 

482 Sackville 554 

483 Norton 555 

484 Shute {Visct. Barrington) 556 

485 Haldon 557 

486 Wimborue 558 

487 Ardilaun 559 


Tweeddale {Marq. ofT.) 

Howth {Earl of H.) 






Strathspey {E. of Seafield) 

Monk Bretton 


Sudley {E. of Arran) 



Northington {Bn. Henley) 





Saint Oswald 


Montagu of Beaulieu 









Hamilton of Dalzell 

Macnaghten [Life Peer] 
Bowes {E. of Strathmore and 

Kinghorn [Kinghorne]) 
Monckton {Visct. Galway) 
Saint Levan 

De Ramsey 

Mount Stephen 

[Macdonald of Earnseliffe, 

Amherst of Hackney 




James [of Hereford] 





Roll of the Lords — Scottish Peerage. 

560 Rosniead 

561 Kin near 

562 Lister 

563 Fairlie (E. of Glasgow) 

564 Da wnay ( Visct. Downe) 

565 Ludlow 

566 - Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick] 

567 Inverclyde 

568 Strathcona and Mount 


569 Newlands 

570 Farquhar 

571 Muncaster 

572 Glanusk 

573 Cranwortk 

— [Dorchester, Bnss.] 

574 Robertson [Life Peer] 

575 Northcote 

576 Avebury 

577 Lindley [Life Peer] 

578 Killanin 

579 O'Brien 
This number is in excess 

580 Alverstone 

581 Kinross 

582 Shuttleworth 

583 Allerton 

584 Barrymore 

585 Grenfell 

586 Knollys 

587 Redesdale 

588 Burnham 

589 Biddulph 

590 Estcourt 

591 Armstrong 

592 Dunedin 

593 Leith of Fy vie 

594 Atkinson [Life Peer] 

595 Ritchie of Dundee 

596 Sanderson 

597 Waleran 

598 Knaresborough 

599 Northcliffe 

600 Michelham 

601 Faber 

602 Desborough 

603 Loreburn ( = 5) 

604 Fitzmaurice 

605 Weardale 

606 Haversham 

607 Hemphill 

608 Joicey 

609 Nunburnholme 

610 Winterstoke 

611 Colebrooke 

612 Courtney of Penwith 

613 Eversley 

614 Pirrie 

615 Glantawe 

616 Armitstead 

617 Allendale 

618 Collins [Life Peer] 

619 Airedale 

620 Swaythling 

621 Blyth 

622 Peckover 

by the following Lords beins? twice named in the Roll 

the total number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused 

(Nos. S and 603). 

Baron Loreburn as Lord High Chancellor and as Baron Loreburn 

Earl of Crewe as Lord President and as Earl of Crewe (Nos. 7 and 192). 

Marquess of Ripon as Lord Privy Seal and as Marquess of Ripon . . (Nos. 8 and 48). 

Earl Beauchamp as Lord Steward and as Earl Beauchamp . . . .' . • . . (Nos. 54 and 149). 

Viscount Althorp as Lord Chamberlain and as Viscount Althorp (Nos. 199 and 240). 

[This deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to 617, which has, however, to be further reduced by 10 for 
the Minors, and 1 for the vacant Gardner Barony, after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the 
business of the House will be 606, which accords with that given under " House of Lords."J 



1 Rothesay {Prince of W ales) 

2 Hamilton (D. of Brandon) 

3 Buccleuch and Queensberry 

(E. of Doncaster) 

4 Lennox (D. of Richmond) 

5 Argyll {same title in TJ. K.) 

6 Atholl {Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose {Earl Graham) 

8 Roxburghe {Earl Innes) 


9 Huntly {Bn. Meldrum) 

10 Qneensberry 

11 Tweeddale (Baron T.) 

12 Lothian {Bn. Ker) 


13 Crawford and Balcarres {Bn. 


14 Erroll {Bn. Kilmarnock) 

15 Sutherland (Duke of S.) 

16 Mar {Bepres. Peer) 

17 Rothes {Bepres. Peer) 

18 Morton {Bepres. Peer) 

19 Buchan 

20 Eglinton and Winton {E. of 


21 Cassillis (M. of Ailsa) 

22 Caithness 

23 Moray {Bn. Stuart of Castle 


24 Mar and Kellie {Bepres. Peer) 

25 Home {Bn. Douglas) 

26 Perth 

27 Strathmore [and Kinghorne] 

{Bn. Bowes) 

28 Abercorn {Mara, of A., Ir. 

Duke of A.) 

29 Haddington {Bepres. Peer) 

30 Galloway {Bn. Stewart of 


31 Lauderdale {Bepres. Peer) 

32 Lindsay 

33 Kinnoull {Bn. Hay) 

34 Loudoun (En. Botreaux) 

35 Dumfries and Bute {Marq. of 


36 Elgin and Kincardine {Bn. 


37 Southesk {Bn. Balinhard) 

38 Wemyss and March {Bn. 

W emyss) 

39 Dalhousie {Bn. Ramsay) 

40 Airlie [a Minor] 

41 Carnwath {Bepres. Peer) 

42 Leven and Melville [« Minor] 

43 Dysart 

44 Northesk {Bepres. Peer) 

45 Newburgh 

40 Dundonald {Bepres. Peer) 

47 Kintore {Baron K.) 

48 Breadalbane {Marq. of B.) 

49 Aberdeen {Visct. Gordon) 

50 Dunmore (Baron D.) 

51 Melfort, Countess of [dor- 


52 Orkney 

53 Seafield {Bn. Strathspey) 

54 Stair {Bn. Oxenfoord) 

55 Rosebery (Baron R.) 

56 Glasgow {Bn, Fairlie) 

57 Hopetoun {Marq. of Linlith* 



58 Falkland {Bepres. Peer) 

59 Stormont (E. of Mansfield) 

60 Arbuthnott 

61 Dumblane [Dun-] {D. of 


62 Forbes 

63 Saltoun {Bepres. Peer) 

64 Gray, Baroness 

65 Cathcart {Earl C.) 

66 Sinclair {Bepres. Peer) 

67 Sempill 

68 Hemes {same title in V. K.) 

69 Elphinstone (same title in 

U. K.) 

70 Lovat (same title in U. K.) 

71 Borthwick (Bepres. Peer) 

72 Torphichen (Bepres. Peer) 

73 Kinloss, Baroness 

74 Colville [of Culross] (Visct. 

C. of C.) 

75 Dingwall (Bn. Lucas) 

76 Balfour of Burleigh (Bepres. 


77 Napier [of Merchistoun] (Z?«. 

Ettrick [Napier & Ettrick]) 

78 Fairfax of Cameron 

7g Reay (same title in U. K.) 

80 Forrester (E. of Verulam, Ir. 

Visct. Grimston) 

81 Elibank 

82 Belhaven and Stenton 

(Bepres. Peer) 

83 Rollo (Bn. Dunning) 

84 Ruthven 

85 JTairne (M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 

E. of Kerry) 

86 Kinnaird (same title biU.K.) 

87 Polwarth 

3 2 


III. Roll op the Irish Peerage. 

Peers marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, having never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minors). 


1 *Leinster {Visct. L.) 

2 Abereorn {Marq. of A., Sc. 

Earl of A.) 


3 "VVaterf ord {Bn. Tyrone) 

4 Downshire {E. of Hillsborough) 

5 *Donegall {Bn. Fisherwick [a 

31i?wr~\ ) 

6 Headfort {Bn. Kenlis) 

7 Sligo {Bn. Mont 1 Eagle) 

8 Ely {Bn. Loftus) 

9 Londonderry {Earl Vane) 

10 Conyngham, Marq. {Bn. 


11 Ormonde {Baron 0.) 

12 Clanricarde {Bn. Somerhill) 


13 Waterford {E. of Shrewsbury) 

14 Cork [and Orrery] {Bn. Boyle) 

15 Westmeath {Rep res. Peer) 

16 *Desmond {E. of Denbigh) 
17Meath {Bn. Chaworth) 

18 Fingall {Baron F.) 

19 Cavan 

20 Drogheda {Repres. Peer) 

21 Granard {Baron G.) 

22 Fitzwilliam, Earl {same U.K.) 

23 Kerry [and Shelbrrae] (1/. of 

Lansdowne, Sc. Bn. Nairne) 

24 Darnley {Repres. Peer) 

25 *Egmont {Bn. Lovel and 

25 Bessborough {Bn. Ponsonby) 

27 *Carrick 

28 *Shannon {Bn. Carleton) [a 


29 *Lanesborough 

30 Fife, Earl {Duke of F.) 

31 *Mornington {D .of Wellington) 

32 Arran {Bn. Sudley) 

33 Courtown {Bn. Saltersford) 

34 *Milltown [dormant J 

35 Mexborough 

36 Winterton, Earl 

37 *Howth {Baron H.) 

38 Kingston 

39 Sefton {Baron S.) 

40 Roden 

41 *Lisburne [a Minor] 

42 Clanwilliam {Baron C.) 

43 MountCashell, Earl 

44 Antrim 

45 Longford {Bn. Silchester) 

46 *Portarlington 

47 Mayo {Repres. Peer) 

48 Annesley, Earl {Repres. Peer) 

49 Enniskillen {Bn. Grinstead) 

50 Erne, Earl [of ] {Bn. Fer- 


51 Carysforit {Baron G.) 

52 Desart 

53 Wicklow {Repres. Peer) 

54 Clonmell 

55 Leitrim {Bn. Clements) 

56 Lucan {Repres. Pee)-) 1 

57 Belmore, Earl [of] {Bepres. 


58 *Armagh {D. of Cumberland) 

59 Bandon {Repres. Peer) 

60 Castle Stewart, Earl [Earl 


61 Donoughmore {Visct. Hutch- 


62 *Caledon 

63 Kenmare {Baron K.) 

64 Limerick {Bn. Foxford) 

65 Clancarty ( Visct. C.) 

65 Gosford {Bn. Worlingham) 

67 Rosse {Repres. Peer) 

68 Normanton {Bn. Somerton) 

69 Sheffield {Baron S.) 

70 Kilmorey {Bepres. Peer) 

71 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

{Bn. Kenry) 

72 Listowel {Bn. Hare) 

73 Norbury 

74 Ranfurly {Baron B.) 


75 Gormanston {Baron G.) 

76 Mountgarrett [-et] 

77 Grandison {E. of Jersey) 

78 *Valentia 

79 Dillon 

80 Lumley (E. of Scarbrough) 

81 *Taaffe 

82 *Cholmondeley {Marq. of C.) 

83 Chaiiemont 

84 Downe ( Bn . Dawnay) 

85 Molesworth 

86 Chetwynd 

87 Midleton {Bn. Brodrick) 

88 Boyne {Bn. Brancepeth) 

89 Grimston {E. of Verulam. Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

90 Barrington {Bn. Shuts) 

91 *Gage {Baron G.) 

92 Galway {Bn. Monckton) 

93 Powerscourt {Baron P.) 

94 *Ashbrook 

95 Mountmorres 

96 Southwell 

97 De Vesci 

98 Lifford 

99 Bangor {Repres. Peer) 

100 Clifden {Bn. Mendip) 

101 Doneraile 

102 Harberton 

103 Ha warden 

104 *[Massereene and] Ferrard 

{Bn. Oriel) 

105 Monck {Baron 31.) 

106 *Avonmore 

107 Templetown {Repres. Peer) 

108 * Frankfort de Montmorency 

109 *Gort [a Minor] 

110 Guillamore 


111 Kingsale, Bn. of 

112 Trimleston [-town] 

113 Dunsany, Bn. of 

1 14 Dunboyne, Bn. of {Repres. 


115 Louth, Bn. of 

116 Inchiquin, Bn. of {Repres. 


117 *Digby {same title in Gt. Br.) 

118 *Sherard 

1 19 Conway {31. of Hertford) 

120 *Carbery [a 3Iinor] 

121 *Aylmer 

122 Farnham 

123 *Lisle 

124 *Clive {E. of Powis) 

125 Mulgrave {31. of Normanby) 

126 Newborough 

127 Macdonald 

128 Kensington {simetitleV. K.) 

129 *Westcote {Visct. Cobham) 

130 Massy {Repres. Peer) 

131 Muskerry {Repres. Peer) 

132 Hood [Visct. H.) 

133 Muncaster {same title V. K.) 

134 Auckland {same title Gt. Br.) 

135 Kilmaine 

136 Cloncurry {same title U. K.) 

137 Clonbrock {Repres. Peer) 

138 Waterpark 

139 Graves 

140 *Bridport {Visct. B.) 

141 *Huntingfield 

142 *Carrington {Earl C.) 

143 Rossmore {same title U. K.) 

144 Hotham 

145 Cremorne {E. of Dartrey) 

146 Headley {Bepres. Peer) 

147 Teignmouth 

148 Crofton {Bepres. Peer) 

149 Ffrench 

150 Henley {Bn. Northington) 

151 Langford {Repres. Peer) 

152 De Blaquiere 

153 Dufferin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] {31. of Dufferin 
and Ava) 

154 Henniker {Bn. Harlismere) 

155 Ventry {Repres. Peer) 

155 vem 

156 *Wa 


157 Dunalley {Repres. Peer) 

158 Clanmorris 

159 Radstock 

160 Ashtown 

161 Clarina 

162 *Gardner {vacant— same title 

U. K.) 

163 Rendlesham 

164 Castlemaine {Repres. Peer) 

165 Decies 

166 Garvagh 

167 Talbot of Malahide {Talb. de 


168 *Carew {same title in U.K.) 

169 Oranmore and Browne, Bn. of 

{Repres. Peer) 

170 Dunsandle and Clan Conal 

171 Bellew {Repres. Peer) 

172 Fermoy 

173 * Athlumney {Bn. 3Ieredyth) 

174 Rathdonnell {Bepres. Peer) 

175 *Curzon of Kedleston 

Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls, 



10 $he Utter "S." prefixed to the index figures denotes the Scottish Postage, "I," the Irish ; all others are of 
the House of Lords. Peeresses (Iiaperial) are referred to by bracketing the two Nos; between which they fall. 

Abercofn, M. cf, 36: E. of, 

8. 28 ; D. of, I. 3 
Abercromby, Bn., 330 
Aberdare, Bn., 460 
Aberdeen, B. of, S. 49 
Abergavenny, M. of, 49 
Abingdon, E. of, 73 
Abinger, Bn., 398 
Acton, Bn., 462 
Addington, Bn., 531 
Ailesbury, M. of, 44 
Ailsa, M. of, 46 
Airedale, Bn., 619 
Air lie, E. of, 8. 40 
Albany, H.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 75 
Aldenham, Bn., 558 
Alington, Bn., 479 
Allendale, Bn., 617 
Allerton, Bn., 583 
Althorp, Visct., 240 
Alverstone, Bn., 580 
AmVierst, Earl, 156 
Amherst of H., Bn., 539 
Ampthill, Bn., 491 
Ancaster, E. of, 150 
Anglesey, M. of, 42 
Annaly, Bn., 441 
Annesley, Earl, 122, 1. 48 
Antrim, E. of, I. 44 
Arbuthnott, Visct., S. 60 
Ardilaun, Bn., 487 
Argyll, D. of, 30, S. 5 
Armash, E. of, I. 58 
Armitstead, Bn., 616 
Armstrong, Bn., 591 
Arran, E. of, 1. 32 
Arundell of VV., Bn., 283 
Ashbourne, Bn., 509 
Ashbrook, Visct., 1. 94 
Ashburnham, E. of, 96 
Ashburton, Bn., 400 
Ashcombe, Bn., 536 
Ashton, Bn., 553 
Ashtown, Bn., 1. 160 
Athlumney, Bn., I. 173 
Atholl, D. of, S. 6 
Atkinson, Bn., 594 
Auckland, Bn., 326, 1. 134 
Avebury, Bn., 576 
Avonmore, Visct., 1. 106 
Aylesford, E. of, 91 
Aylmer, Bn., I. 121 
Bagot, Bn., 311 
Balfour of B., Bn., 295, S. 


Balinhard, Bn., 458 

Bandon, E. of, 120, 1. 59 

Bangor, Bp. of, 261 
I Bangor, Visct., 208, I. 99 
I Barnard, Bn., 290 
i Barr-ington, Visct., I. 90 
I Barrymore, Bn., 584 
j Basing, Bn., 528 
! Bateman, Bn., 406 
I Bath, M. of, 35 

Bath and W., Bp. of, 253 
I Bathurst, Earl, 108 
I Battersea, Bn., 544 

Beauchamp, Earl, 149 

Beaufort, 1). of, 13 

Beaumont, Bnss. [271— 

1 Bedford, D. of, 16 
Belhaven and S., Bn., 296, 
j 8.82 

: Bellew, Bn., 423 1. 171 

SBelmore, E.of, 125, 1. 57 
Belper, Bn., 420 
Berkeley, Bnss. [274—5] 
Berkeley, E. of, 72 
Berners, Bnss. [274— s] ! 
Berwick, Bn., 31G 
Bessborough, E. of, I. 26 
Biddulph, Bn., 589 
Birmingham, Bp. of, 264 
Blyth, Bn., 621 
Blythswood, Bn., 537 
'Bolingbroke and St. J., 

Visct., 202 
Bolton, Bn., 334 
Borthwick, Bn., 293, S. 71 
Boston, Bn., 303 
Botreaux, Bn. 273 
Bowes, Bn., 524 
Boyle, Bn., 297 
Boyne, Visct., I. 88 
Brabourne. Bn., 490 
Bradford. E. of, 148 
Brancepeth. Bn., 449 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Bn., 522 
Braybrooke, Bn., 322 
Braye, Bn., 277 
Breadalbane, M. of, 50; 

E. of, S. 48 
Bridport, Visct., 223 ; Bn., 

I. 140 
Bristol, Bp. of, 259 
Bristol, M. of, 45 
Brodrick, Bn., 331 
Brooke, Earl, "99 
Brougham & V., Bn., 437 
Brownlow, Earl, 145 
Buccleuch & Q.,D. of, S. 3 
Buchan, E. of, 8. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of, 

Burghclere, Rn., 554 
Buruham, Bn., 588 
Burton, Bn., 520 
Bute, M. of, 38 
Byron, Bn., 287 
Cadogau, Earl, 116 
Cairns, Earl, 182 
Caithness, E. of, S. 23 
Caledon, E. of, I. 62 
Calthorpe, Bn., 332 
Camden, Marq., 41 
Camoys, Bn., 274 
Camperdown. E. of, 159 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 2i3 
Carbery, Bn., I. 120 
Carew, Bn., 409, 1. 16S 
Carleton, Bn., 319 
Carlisle, E. of, 69 
Carnarvon, E. of, 115 
Carnwath, E. of, 85, S. 41 
Carrick, E. of, I. 27 
Carrington, Earl, 191 ; Bn., 
I. 142 

Carysfort, Bn., 349 ; E. of, 

Cassillis, E.of, S. 21 
Castlemaine, Bn . , 359, 1 . 164 
Castlestewart, Earl, I. 60 
Castletown, Bn., 461 
Cathcart, Earl, 143, 8. 65 
Cavan, E. of, I. 19 
Cawdor, Earl, 157 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 83 
Chaworth, Bn., 390 
Chelmsford, Bn., 433 

Chesham, Bn., 432 
Chester, Bp. of, 240 
Chesterfield, E. of, 66 
Chetwynd, Visct., 1. 86 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 536 
Chichester, E. of, 13 
Cholmondeley, M 

Visct., I. 82 
Churchill, Vise, 236 
Churston, Bn., 434 
Clancarty, Visct., 216 ; E 

of, I. 65 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 158 
Clanricarde, M. of, I. 

I Denbigh, E. of,6i 
IDenman, Bn., 397 
jDeramore, Bn., 511 
De Ramsey, Bn., 529 
'Derby, E. of, 56 
De Ros (de R.), Bnss. 
'of, 43; j [266-7] 

jDerwent, Bn., 493 
iDesart, E. of, 1. 52 
jDesborough, Bn., 602 
; Desmond, E. of, I. 16 
i De Saumarez, Bn., 396 
iDe Vesci (de V.), Visct., 

U 97 

Clanwilliam, Bn., 383; E. Devon, E. of, 59 

of, I. 43 
Clarendon, E. of, no 
Clarina, Bn., 1. 161 
Clements, Bn., 388 
Clifdeu, Visct., I. 100 
Clifford of C, Bn., 289 
Clifton, Bnss. [283—4] 
Clinton, Bn., 270 
Clive, Bn., I. 124 
Clonbrock, Bn., 342, I. 137 
Cloncurry, Bn., 395, I. 136 
Clonmell, E. of, I. 54 
Cobham, Visct., 203 
Colchester, Bn., 364 
Colebrooke, Bn., 611 
Coleridge, Bn., 471 
Collins, Bn.,618 
Coh-ille of C, Visct., 235 ; 

Bn., S. 74 
Combermere, Visct., 217 
Congleton, Bn., 422 
Connaught & S., H.R.H. 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., 1. 119 
Conyngham, Maru.., I. 10 
Cork and O., E. of, I. 14 
Cottenharn, E. of 173 
Cottesloe. Bn., 473 
Courtney of P., Bn., 612 
Courtown, E. of, I. 33 
Coventry, E. of, 76 
Cowley, Earl, 173 
Cranbrook, E. of, 1S9 
Cranworth, Bn., 573 
Craven, E. of, 128 
Crawford & B., E. of, S. 


Crawshaw, Bn., 538 
Cremorne, Bn., I. 145 
Crewe, E. of, 192 
Crofton, Bn., 344, I. 148 
Cromartie, Ctss.of [176— 7] 
Cromer, E. of, 196 
Cross, Visct., 227 
Cumberland & T., H.R.H. 

D. of, 25 
Curzon of K., Bn., I. 175 
Dalhousie, E. of, 8. 39 
Darcy de Knayth, Bnss. 

Darnley, E. of, 120, 1. 24 
Dartmouth, E. of, 89 
Dartrey, E. of, 178 
Dawnay, Bn., 564 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I. 152 
Decies, Bn., 1. 165 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 269 
De Freyne, Bn., 425 
Delamere, Bn., 372 
De La Warr, Earl, 105 
De L'Isle and D., Bn., 399 
De Mauley, Bn., 410 

.Devonshire, D. of, 17 
Digby, Bn., 306,1. 117 
! Dillon, Visct., I. 79 
j Dingwall, Bn., S. 75 
[Doncaster, E. of, 70 
iDonegall, M. of, I. 5 
Doneraile, Visct., 1. 101 " 
Donoughmore, E. of, I. 61 
Dorchester, Bnss. [573— 4I 
Dormer, Bn., 284 
Douglas, Bn., 475 
Downe, Visct., 1. 84 
Downshire, M. of, I. 4 
Drogheda, E. of, 119, 1. 20 
Ducie, E. of, 164 
Dudley, E. of, 175 
Dulferin & Ava, M. of, 51 ; 
D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. 

Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 35 
Dunalley, Bn., 347, I- 157 
Dunblane, Visct., S. 61 
Dunboyne, Bn., 337, I. 114 
Dundonald, E. of, 87, S. 46 
Dunedin, Bn., 592 
Dunleath, Bn., 541 
Dunmore, Bn., 354 ; E. of, 
8. to 

Dunning, Bn.^457^ 

E. of, 


Dunraven & Mt 
I. 71 

Dunsandle & Clan C 

I. 170 
Dunsany, Bn., I. 113 
Durham, Bp. of, 244 
Durham, E. of, 161 
Dynevor, Bn., 309 
Dysart, E. of, 8. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 431 
Effingham, E. of, 163 
Egerton of T., Earl, 194 
Eglinton & W., E. of, S. 20 
Esnnont, E. of, I. 25 
Eldon, E. of, 150 
Elgin, Bn., 424; E. of E. 

and Kinc, 8. 36 
Elibank, Bn., S. 81 
Ellenborough, Bn., 351 
Ellesmere, E. of, 170 
Elphinstone, Bn.,513, S.69 
Ely, M. of, I. 8 
Emly, Bn., 472 
Enniskillen, E. of, I. 49 
Erne, E. of, I. 50 
Erroll, E. of, S. 14 
Erskine, Bn., 354 
Esher, Visct., 231 
Essex, E. of, 68 
Estcourt. Bn., 590 
Ettrtck, Bn., 467 
Eversley, Bn.. 613 
Exeter, Bp. of, 265 



Exeter, M. of, 39 
Exmoilth, Visfct., 2I4 
Faher, Bn h 601 
Fairfax <3f C, Bn., S. ?8 
Fairlie, Bs., 563 
Falkland, Visct., 201; Si 58 
Falmoiith, Visct.j 204 
Farnham, Bn., I. 132 
Farquhar, Bn., 57<3 
Farrer, Bn., 546 
Fauconberg and Conyers, 

Buss. [267—8] 
Fermanagh, Bn., 477 
Fermoy, Bn., I. 172 
Ferrers, Earl, 88 
Feversham, B. of, 179 
Ffrench, Bn., I. 149 
Fife, D. of, 29 ; Earl, I. 30 
Fingall, Bn., 386; E. of, 

I. 18 

Fisherwick, Bn., 323 
Fitzhardinge, Bn., 440 
Fitzmaurice, Bn., 604 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 101,1.22 
Foley, Bn., 308 
Forbes, Bn., S. 62 
Forester, Bn., 373 
Forrester, Bn., S. 80 
Fortescne. Earl, 114 
Foxford, Bn., 362 
Frankfort de M., Visct., 
I. 108 

Gage, Bn., 324; Visct., 1. 91 
Gainsborough, E. of, 169 
Galloway, E. of. S. 30 
Galway, Visct., I. 92 
Gardner, Bn. (dormant), 

357. 1- 162 
Garvagh, Bn., I. 166 
Gerard, Bn., 481 
Gifford, Bn., 375 
Glantawe. Bn., 615 
Glannsk, Bn., 572 
Glasgow, E. of, S. 56 
Glenesk, Bn., 557 
Gordon, Visct., 213 
Gormanston, Bn., 454 ; 

Visct., I. 75 
Gort, Visct., I. 109 
Goschen, Visct., 232 
Gosford, E. of, I. 66 
Gough, Visct., 221 
Grafton, D. of, 12 
Graham, Earl, 93 
Granard, Bn., 356; E. of, 

I. 21 

Grandison, Visct., I. 77 
Grantley, Bn., 313 
Granville, Earl, 162 
Graves, Bn., I. 139 
Gray, Bnss., S. 64 
Grenfell, Bn., 585 
Greville, Bn., 464 
Grey, Earl, 138 
Grey de R., Bn., 272 
Grimston, Visct., I. 89 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 517 
Grinstead, Bn., 361 
Guilford, E. of, 102 
Gnillamore, Visct., I. no 
Gwydyr, Bn., 330 
Haddington, E. of, 83, S. 29 
Haldon, Bn., 485 
Halifax, Visct., 222 
Halsbury, E. of, 194 
Hambleden, Visctss. [227 

Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of D., Bn., 521 
Hampden, Visct., 225 
Hampton. Bn., 474 
Harberton, Visct., I. 102 
Hardinge, Visct., 220 
Hardwicke, E. of, 103 
Hare, Bn., 459 
Harewood, E. of, 141 

Harlech, Bn., 478, 
Harrington, E. of; gj 
Harris, Bn,, 363 
Harrowby, E. of, 14b 
Hartismere, Bn., 44^ 
Hastings, Bn., 268 
Hatherton, Bn., 401 
Haversham, Bn., 606 
Hawarden, Visct., I. 103 
ilawke, Bn., 307 
Hay, Bn., 208 
Headfort, M. of, I. 6 
He'adley, Bn., 347, 1. 146 
Hemphill, Bn., 607 
Hene'ttge, Bn., 559 
Henley, Bn., I. 150 
Henniker, Bn., I. 154 
Hereford, Bp. of, 254 
Hereford, Visct., 200 
Herries, Bn., 503, S. 68 
Herschell, Bn., 514 
Hertford, M. of, 37 
Heytesbury, Bn., 381 
Hill, Visct., 219 
I Hillingdon, Bn., 515 
Hillsborough, E. ol, 109 
; Hindlip, Bn., 516 
! HolmPatrick, Bn., 566 
Home, E. of, S. 25 
Hood, Visct. 207 ; Bn., I. 

Hopetoun, E. of, S. 57 
Hotham, Bn., I. 144 
Hothfield, Bn., 496 
Howard de W., Bn., 280 
Howard of G., Bn., 460 
Howe, Earl, 151 
Howth, Bn., 493; E. of, I. 

Huntingdon, E. of, 57 
Huntingfield, Bn., I. 141 
Huntly, M. of, S. 9 
Hutchinson, Visct., 215 
Hylton, Bn., 447 
Iddesleigh, E. of, 187 
Ilchester, E. of, 104 
Inchiquin, Bn., 338, I. 116 
Innes, Earl, 166 
Inverclyde, Bn., 567 
Iveagh, Visct., 239 
James of H., Bn., ^55 
Jersey, E. of, 77 
.Toicey, Bn., 608 
Kelvin, Bn., 535 
Kenlis, Bn., 389 
Kenmare, Bn., 428 ; E. of, 

Kenry, Bn., 444 
Kensington, Bn., 519, I. 

Kenyon, Bn., 321 
Ker, Bn., 365 
Kerry & S., E. of, I. 23 
Kesteven, Bn., 450 
Killanin, Bn., 578 
Kilmaine, Bn., 344, 1. 135 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 385 
Kilmorey, E. of, 154, 1. 70 
Kimberley, E. of, 177 
Kingsale, Bn., I. in 
Kingston, E. of, I. 38 
Kinloss, Bnss., S. 73 
Kinnaird, Bn., 438/S. 86 
Kinnear, Bn., $61 
Kinnoull, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 581 
Kintore, Bn., 407; E. of, 


Kitchener of K., Visct. 


Knavesborough, Bn., 598 
Knollys, Bn., 586 
Knutsford, Visct., 229 
Lamington, Bn., 488 
Lanesborough, E.of, I, 29 
Langford, Bn., 345, 1. 15 

Lansdowne, M. of, 33 
Lathom, E. of, 184 
Lauderdale, E. Of, 84, 8. 
3 1 

Lawrence, Bh., 456 
Leconfield, Bn., 435 
Leeds, D. of. 15 
Leicester, E. df, 167 
Leigh, Bn., 415 
Leinster, Visct,, 208; D. 

of, I. 1 
Leith (if F„ Bn., 593 
Leitrim, E. of, 1. 55 
Lennox, 1>. of, S. 4 
Leven & M., E. of, S. 


Lichfield, Bp. of, 251 
Lichfield, E. of, 160 
Lifford, Visct., 1. 98 
Lilford, Bn., 335 
Limerick, E. of, I. 64 
Lincoln, Bp. of, 247 
Lindley, Bn., 577 
Lindsay, E. of, S. 32 
Lindsey, E. of, 63 
Linlithgow, M. of, 53 
Lisburne, E. of, I. 41 
Lisle, Bn., I. 123 
Lister, Bn., 562 
Listowel, E. of, I. 72 
Liverpool, Bp. of, 262 
Liverpool, E. of, 198 
Llandaff, Visct., 230 
Llangattock, Bn., 542 
Loch, Bn., 551 
Loftus, Bn., 348 
Londesborough, E.of, 188 
London, Bp. of, 243 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of, I. 45 
Lonsdale, E. of, 139 
Loreburn, Bn., 603 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
Louth, Bn., I. us 
Lovat, Bn., 405, S. 70 
Lovelace, E. of, 168 
Lovel & H., Bn., 304 
Lucan, E. of, 124, 1. 56 
Lucas, Bn., 288 
Ludlow, Bn., 565 
Lumley, Visct., I. 80 
Lurgan, Bn., 417 
Lyttor-, E. of, 183 
Lyveden, Bn., 436 
Macclesfield, E. of, 93 
Macdonald, Bn., I. 127 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 

Macnaghten, Bn., 523 
Magheraniorne, Bn., 527 
Malmesbury, E. of, 118 
Manchester, Bp. of, 266 
Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 358 
Mansfield, E. of, 111 
Manvers, Earl, 136 
Mar, E. of, 79, S. 16 
Mar & K., E. of, 82, S. 24 
Marlborough, D. of, 18 
Masham, Bn., 534 
Massereene & F., Visct., 

I. 104 

Massy, Bn., 339, 1. 130 
Mayo, E. of, 121, 1. 47 
Meath, E. of, I. 17 
Meldi um, Bn., 360 
Melville, Visct., 210 
Mendip, Bn., 327 
Meredyth, Bn., 443 
Methuen, Bn., 413 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 35 
Michelham, Bn., 600 
Middleton. Bn., 299 
Midleton, Visct., I. 7 

Milltbwri, E. Of (dormt.), 

I; 34 ^ 
Milnerj Visct.j 337 
Minster, Bn., 366 
Mintd, fi. df, 143 
Moieswdrth, VisCt,, I 85 
Monclt, Bn., 445; Visct., 

I. 105 
Monckton, Bn., 525 
Mdticreitf, Bn., 470 
Monk Bretton, Bn., 500 
Mdnkswell, Bn., 508 
jMonson, Bn., 300, 
Montagu of B., Bn., 512 
MontEagle, Bn., 355 
Monteagle of B., Bn., 418 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 
Moray, E. of, S. 23 
Morley, E. of, 147 
Mornington, E. of, I. 31 
Morton, E. of, Si,S. 18 

Mostyn, Bn., 393 
MountCashell, Earl, 1. 43 
Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 


Mountgarret, Visct., I. 76 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 95 
Mount Stephen, Bn., 533 
Mowbray, Bn., 267 
Mulgrave, Bn., I. 125 
Muncaster, Bn., 571, 1. 133 
Munster, E. of, 158 
Muskerry, Bn., 340, 1. 131 
Nairne, Bn., S. 85 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 453 
Napier of Merch., Bn., 467, 

S. 77 
Nelson, Ear], 134 
Newborough, Bn., I. 126 
Newburgh, E. of, S. 45 
Newcastle, D. of, 23 
Newlands, Bn., 569 
Newton, Bn., 540 
Norbury, E. of, I. 73 
Norfolk, D. of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 47 
Normanton, E. of, I. 63 
North, Bn., 278 
Northampton, M. of, 40 
Northbourne, Bn., 501 
Northbrook, E. of, 181 
Northcliffe, Bn,, 599 
Northcote, Bn.. S75 
Northesk, E. of, 86, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., 505 
Northumberland, 1). of, 24 
Norton, Bn., 483 
Norwich, Bp. of, 252 
Nunburnholme, Bn., 609 
O'Brien, Bn., 579 
O'Hagan, Bn., 465 
O'Neill, Bn., 452 
Onslow, E. of, 129 
Oranmore& B., Bn., 404, 1. 


Orford, E. of, 137 
Oriel, Bn., 370 
Orkney, E. of, S. 52 
Ormathwaite, Bn., 451 
Ormonde, Bn., 367 ; M. of, 

Overtoun, Bn., 547 
Oxenfoord, Bn., 420 
Oxford, Bp. of, 263 
Peckover, Bn., 622 
Peel, Visct., 228 
Pembroke & M., E. of, 58 
Penrhyn, Bn., 448 
Perth, E. of, S. 26 
Peterborough, Bp. of, 257 
Petre, Bn., 281 
Pirrie, Bn., 614 
Playfair, Bn., 543 
Plunket, Bn., 380 
Plymouth, E. of, 197 
Poltimore, Bn., 392 

Index to Rolls— -Roman Catholic Peers— Representative Peers* 35 

E. of, 
455. I 

Polwaxth, Br., S. 87 
Ponsdnby, Bn., 30! 
Portarlingrton, E. of, I. 46 
Portland, D. df, 21 
Portman, Visct., 22A 
Portsmouth, B. of, 58 
Pdulett, Earl, 78 
Powerscourt, Bn., 504; 

Visct., L 03 
Powis, E. of, 133 
Queersberry, M. of, S. 10 
Radnor, E. of, 106 
Radstoek, Bn., I. 159 
Raglan, Bn., 427 
Ramsay, Bn., 476 
Ranfurly, Bn., 378 


Rathdonnell, Bn. 
m J 74 

Ratlimore, Bn., 556 
Ravensworth, Bn., -571 
Rayleigh, Bn., 374 
Reay, Bn., 494, S. 79 
Redesdale, Bn., 587 
Rendel, Bn., 549 
Rendlesham, Bn., I. 163 
Revelstoke, Bn., 507 
Ribblesdale, Bn., 336 
Richmond & G., I), of, 11 
Ridley, Visct., 233 
Ripon, Bp. of, 246 
Ripon, M. of, 48 
Ritchie of D.. Bn., 595 
Roberts, Earl, 195 
Robertson, Bn., 574 
Roden, E. of, I. 40 
Rodney, Bn., 314 
Rollo, Bn., S. 83 
Romilly, Bn., 442 
Romney, E. of, 130 
Rosebery, Bn., 382 ; E. of, 

Rosmead, Bn., 560 
Rosse, E. of, 135, I- 67 
Rosslyn, E. of, 127 
Rossmore, Bn., 408 ; I. 143 
Rothes, E. of, 80, S. 17 
Rothesay, D. of, S. 1 
Rothschild, Bn., 506 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 
Russell, Earl, 176 
Ruthven, Bn., S. 84 

Rutland, D. of, ig 
Saekville; Bn., 482 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 236 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
St. Aldwyn, Viset., 242 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 250 
St. David's, Bp. of, 258 
St. Germans, E. of> 146 
St. John of B., Bn., 279 
St. Leonards, Bn., 426 
St. Levan, Bn., 526 
St. Oswald, Bn., 510 
St. Vincent, Visct., 209 
Salisbury, Bp. of, 24? 
Salisbury, M. of, 34 
Saltersford, Bn., 330 
Saltoun, Bn., 291, S. 63 
Sanderson, Bn., 506 
Sandhurst, En., 465 
Sandwich, E. of. 67 
Sandys, Bn., 352 
Savile, Bn., 532 
Saye & S., Bn., 282 
Scarbrough, E. of, 74 
Scarsdale, Bn., 302 
Seafleld, E. of, S. 53 
Seaton, Bn., 419 
Sefton, Bn.,387;E.of, I 
Selborne, E. of, 186 
Selbv, Visct., 238 
Sempill, Bn., S. 67 
Shaftesbury, E. of, 71 
Shannon, E. of, I. 28 
Sheffield, Bn., 353 ; E. of, 
I. 69 

Sherard, Bn., I. 118 
Sherborne, Bn., 317 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 55 
Shute, Bn., 484 
Shuttleworth, Bn., 582 
Sidmouth, Visct., 211 
Silchester, Bn., 369 
Sinclair, Bn., 292, S. 66 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerhill, Bn., 376 
Somers, Bn., 315 
Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 468 
Sondes, Earl, 185 
Southampton, Bn., 312 
Southesk, E. of, S. 37 
Southwark, Bp. of, 255 


Southwell, Visct., I, 96 
Spencer, Earl, 107 
Stafford, Bn., 286 
Stair, E. of, 8. 54 
Staibridge, Bn., 5>8 
Stamford, E. of, 64 
Stanhope, Earl, 92 
Stanley of A., Bn., 414 
Stanmore, Bn., 548 
Stewart of G., Bn., 329 
Stormont, Visct., S. 59 
Stradbroke, E. of, 152 
Strafford, E. of, 171 
Strange, Earl, 112 
Strathcona & Mt. R., Bn., 

Stratheden & C, Bn., 403 
Strathmore & K., E. of, S. 


Strathspey, Bn., 499 
Stuart of Castle S., Bn., 328 
Sudeley, Bn., 412 
Sudley, Bn., 502 
Suffield, Bn., 320 
Suffolk & B., E. of, 60 
Sutherland, D. of, 27 ; E. 

of, S. 15 
Swansea, Bn., 545 
Swaythling, Bn., 620 
Taalfe, Visct., I. 81 
Talbot de M„ Bn., 430; T. 

of M., Bn., I. 167 
Tankerville, E. ot, 90 
Teignmouth, Bn., I. 147 
Temple of S., Earl, 153 
Templemore, Bn., 394 
Templetown, Visct., 212, 1. 


Tennyson, Bn., 498 
Tenterden, Bn., 379 
Teynham, Bn., 285 
Thurlow, Bn., 325 
Tollemache, Bn., 480 
Torphichen, Bn., 294, S. 72 
Torrington, Visct., 205 
Townshend, Marq., 33 
Tredegar, Visct., 241 
Trevor, Bn., 489 
Trimlestown, Bn.,1. 112 
Tweeddale, Bn., 492; M. 

of, S. 11 
TAveedmouth, Bn., 497 

Tyrone, Bn,. 318 
Valentia, Visct., I. 78 
Vane, Earl, 155 
Vaux of H., Bn., 276 
Ventry, Bn., 346. 1. 155 
Vernon, Bn., 305 
Verulam, E. of, 144 
Vivian, Bn., 421 
Wakefield, Bp. of, 260 
Waldegrave, Earl, 95 
Waleran, Bn., 597 
Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, 1 
Wallscourt, Bn., I. 156 
Walsingham, Bn., 310 
Wandsworth, Bn., 552 
Warwick, E. of, 99 
Waterford, E. of, I. 13 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark, Bn., I. 138 
Weardale, Bn., 605 
Welby, Bn., 550 
Wellington, D. of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 368 ; E. of 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wehlock, Bn., 416 
I Wentworth, Bnss. [276—7] 
jWestbury, Bn., 439 
Westcote, Bn., 1. 129 
j Westmeath, E . of, 1 18, 1. 15 
! Westminster, D. of, 28 
Westmorland, E. of, 62 
Whamcliffe, E. of, 180 
Wicklow, E. of, 123, 1. 53 
Wigan, Bn., 377 
Willoughby de B., Bn., 275 
Wilton, E. of, 132 
Wimborae, Bn., 486 
Winchester, Bp. of, 245 
Winchester, M. of, 31 
Winchilsea & N., E. of, 65 
Winterstoke, Bu., 610 
Winterton, Earl, I. 36 
Winton, E. of, 174 
Wolseley, Viset., 226 
Wolverton, Bn., 463 
Worlingham, Bn., 402 
jWrottesley, Bn.. 411 
Wynford, Bn., 384 
Yarborough, fi. of, 165 
York, Abp. of , 6 
I Zetland, M. of, 52 
Zouche of H., Bn., 271 

^-Norfolk. KOaJ-fifi 
Marquesses— Bute, Ripon. 

Earls.— Abingdon, Ashburnham, Denbigh, Fingall, Gainsborough, Granard, Kenmare, Lovelace, 

New burgh, Westmeath. 
Viscounts — Gormanston, Llandaff, Southwell, Taaffe. 

Barons. — Acton, Arundell of Wardour, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Braye, Camoys, Clifford of 
Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emiy, Ffrench, Gerard, Haldon, Herries, Howard of 
Glossop, Killanin, Louth, Lovat, Mowbray and Stourton, J^orth, O'Brien, Petre, Stafford, 
Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden, Wentworth (Bnss.). 




Balfour of B., Bn., 1876 
Belhaven & S., Bn., 1900 
Borthwick, Bn., 1906 
Jarnwatb, E. of, 1892 
Oundonald, E. of, 18S6 
Falkland, Visct., 1894 
Saddington, E. of, 1874 
Lauderdale, E. of, 1889 
'Mar, E. of, 1886 
Har & Kellie, E. of, 1892 
Horton, E. of, 1886 

Northesk, E. of, 1900 
Rothes, E. of, 1906 
Saltoun, Bn., 1890 
Sinclair, Bn„ 1885 
Torphichen, Bu., 1S94 


innesley, Earl, 1877 
Bandon, E. of, 1881 
Bangor, Visct., 1883 
Bellew, Bn., 1904 

Belmore, E. cf, 1837 
Castlemaine, Bn., 1898 
Clonbrock, Bn., 1895 
Crofton, Bn., 1873 
Darnley, E. of, 1905 
Drogheda. E. of, 1899 
Dunalley, Bn., 1893 
Ounboyne, Bn., 1901 
flcadley, Bn., 1883 
[nchiquin, Bn., 1900 
Kilniorey, E. of, 1883 
Langford, Bn., 1884 

Lucah, E. of, 1883 
Massy, Bn. ? 1876 
Mayo, E, oh 1890 
Muskerry, Bn., 1892 
Oranmdre & B., Bn., 1902 
Rathdonnell, Bn., 1889 
Rosse, E. of, 1868 
Templetown, Visct., 1S94 
Ventry, Bn., 187 1 
Westmeath, E. of, 1901 
Wicklow, E. of, 1905 
[One vacancy.] 

E 2 



geotesii and miSH pemis wItM imperial titles. 

The numerous Scottish and Irish Peers noticed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their 1 £ native 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given in 
division lists of the HouSe Of Lord3, but in a majority of instances, though far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former (precisely — 76 are inferior, 30 superior, 
12 identical in rank, and 15 more in both rank and designation). The higher title, 
which is naturally the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table. 

(1) Scottish and Irish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents* 

Abercorn, D. of, Jr. \ Aherrnfn M of 
Abercorn, E. of, Sc. J Abercorn, M. ol 

Aberdeen, E.ofSc. .... Gordon, V. 

Argyll, I), of , Sc. . . ; The same 

Armagh, E. of, Ir. ... Cumberland & Teviotdale, 

H.R.H. D. of 

Arran, E. Of, Jr. .... Sudley, B. 

Athtumney, B., Ir Meredyth, B. 

Atholl, D. of, Sc Strange, E. 

Auckland, B., Ir The same 

Barrington, V., Ir Shute, B. 

Bessborough, E. of, Ir Ponsonby, B. 

Boyne, V., Ir Brancepeth, B. 

Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. Breadalbane, M. of 

Bridport, B., Ir Bridport, V. 

Buccleuchdb Queensberry, D. Doncaster, E. of 
of, Sc. 

Careiv, B., Ir The same 

Carrington, B.,Ir Carrington, Earl 

Carysfort, E. of, Ir Carysfort, B. 

Cassillis, E. of, Sc Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, B., Sc Cathcart, Earl 

Cholrnondeley, V., Jr Cholmondelcy, M. of 

Glancarty, E. of, Ir Clancarty, V. 

Clanricarde, M. of, Ir Somerh/11, B. 

Clanwilliam.E. of, Ir Clanwilliam, B. 

Clifden, V., Ir Mendip, B. 

Clive, B., Ir Poivis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B.,lr The same 

Colville(ofCulross),B.,,Sc... Colville of Culross, V. 

Conway. B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Conyngham, Marq., Ir Minster, B. 

Cork <& Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Gourtown, E. of, Ir Saltersford, B. 

Crawford, E.of,8c Wigan, B. 

Cremorne, B., Jr Dartrey, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of, Sc Ramsay, B. 

Desmond, E. of. Ir Denbigh, E. of 

Digby, B.,Ir The same 

Dingwall, B., Sc Lucas, B. 

Donegall, M. of, Ir Fisherwick, B. 

Donoughmore, E. of, Ir Hutchinson, V. 

Dovme, V., Ir Dawnay, B. 

Doivnshire, M. of, Ir Hillsborough, E. of 

Dufferin & Claneboye, li.,Ir. Dufferin & Ava, M. of 
Dumblane [?Dun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, D. of 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, M. of 

Dunmore, E. of, Sc Dunmore, B. 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
of, Ir. 

Eglinton&Winton, E. of, Sc. Winton, E. of 

Egmont, E.of,lx Lovel & Holland, B. 

Elgin <& Kincardiyie, E. of, Elgin, B. 

Elphinstone, B.,Sc The same 

Ely, M. of, Jr Loftus, B. 

Eaniskillen, E. of, Ir Grinstead, B. 

Erne, E. of, Ir Fermanagh, B. 

Erroll, E.of,Sc Kilmarnock, B. 

Fife, Earl, Ir Fife, D. of 

Fingall, E.of.Ir Fingall, B. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., Sc Verulam, E. of 

Gage, V., Ir Gage, B. 

Galloway, E. of, Sc Stewart of Garlics, B.l 

Galway, v., Ir. — Monckton, B. 

Gardner, B.,lr The same 

Glasgow, E.of,Sc Fairlie, B. 

Gormanston, V.,Ir Gormanston, B. 

Gosford.E. of, Ir Worlingham.B. 

Grunard, E. of, Ir Granard B. 

Grandison, V., Ir Jersey, E. of 

Grimston, V.,Jr Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of, Sc Brandon, D. of [Hamilton & 


Headfort, M. of, Ir Kenlis, B. 

Henley, B.,Ir Northington, B. 

Henniker, B.,lr. Hartismere, B. 

Hen-ies, B.,8c The same 

Home, E.of,Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood, B., Jr. Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, Sc, ....... . LiMitkgoti), M. of 

Howth, E. of, Ir Howth, B. 

Huntly, M. of, Sc> .... ; ... , Meldrum, B. 

Kenmare, E. of, Ir Kenmare, B. 

Kensington, B.,Ir The same 

Kerry & Shelburne, E, of, Lansdowne, M. of 

Kinnaird, B.,Sc The same 

Kinnoull, E. of, Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E.ofSc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, J), of, Ir Leinster, V. 

Leitrim, E. of, Ir Clements, B. 

Lennox, D. of, Sc . . Richmond ((& Gordon), D. of 

Limerick, E. of, Ir Foxford, B. 

Listowel, E. of, Ir Hare, B. 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir Vane, Earl 

Longford, E. of, lr Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M. of,Sc Kei , B. 

Loudoun, E. of,Sc Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B.,Sc The same 

Lumley, V., Ir Scarbrough, E. of 

Massereene & Ferrard, V. Oriel, B. 

Meath, E.oflv Chaworth, B. 

Midleton, V., Ir Brodrick, B. 

Monck, V., Ir Monck, B. 

Montrose, D.of,Sc Graham, Earl 

Moray, E. of, Sc Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir Wellington, D. of 

Mulgrave, B., ir Kormanby, M. of 

Muncaster, B., Ir The same 

Nairne, B., Sc. 
Napier, B. . Sc. . 

Lansdowne, M. of 
Ettrick, B. (Napier & 

Normanton, E. of, Ir Somerton, B. 

Ormonde, M. of, lr Ormonde, B. 

Powerscotirt, V.,lr Powerseourt, B. 

Ranfurly, E. of , Ir Ranfurly, B. 

Reay, B., Sc The same 

Rollo, B.,Sc Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E.ofSc Rosebery, B. 

Rossmore, B.,Ir The same 

Rothesay, D. of, Sc Wales, H.R.H., Prince of 

Roxburghe, D. of, Sc Innes, Earl 

Seatield, E.of,Sc Strathspey, B. 

Sefton, E. of, Ir Sefton, B. 

Shannon, E. of , Ir Carleton, B. 

Slu field, E. of, Ir Sheffield, B. 

Sligo, M. of, Ir MontEagle, B. 

Southesk, E.of,Sa Balinhard, B. 

Stair, E.of.Sc Oxenfoord, B. 

Stormont, V., Sc Mansfield, E. 

Strathmore (&Kinghorne), E. Bowes, B. 
of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of, Sutherland, I), of 

Talbot of Malahide, B., lr. . Talbot de Malahide, B. 

Tweeddale, M. of, Sc Tweeddale, B. 

Waterford, E. of, //• Shrewsbury {& Talbot), E. of 

Waterford, M. of, Ir Tyrone, B. 

Wemyss & March, E. of, Sc. Wcmyss, B. 
Westcote, B„ Ir Cobham, V. 

Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 


There are thus in the preceding list 82 Irish titles of a total 175 in the Irish Peerage, 
and 51 Scottish of a total 87 : of the entire 262 there are therefore 133 with Imperial 
titles and 129 without. The legislative predominance of Ireland over Scotland is thus 
conspicuous here as it is in the number of Representative Peers (28 against 16) and in 
their representation in the Commons (103 against 72). There are several among the 
names, however, that should be regarded as those of English nobles who have come also 
into possession of Scottish or Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess 
of Lansdowne, and the Earl of Verulam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to 
Imperial titles, as the list that follows will more readily exhibit. 

(2) Imperial Titles with their Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

AW™™ M nf / Abercorn, D. of, Ir. 

Abercorn, M. of j Abercorn, E. of, Sc. 

Ailsa, M.of Cassillis, E. of, Sc. 

Argyll, D.of The same, Sc. 

Auckland, B The same, Ir. 

Balinhard, B Southesk, E. of, Sc. 

Botreaux, B Loudoun, E. of. Sc. 

Bowes, B Strathmore (dbKinghorne), E. 

of, Sc. 

Boyle, B Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 

Brancepeth, B Boyne, V., Ir. 

Brandon, D. of {Hamilton & 

Brandon) Hamilton, D. of, Sc. 

Breadalbane, M. of Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. 

Bridport, V Bridport, B., Ir. 

Brodrick, B Midleton, v., Ir. 

Bute, M.of Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. 

Garew, B The same, Ir. 

Carleton, B Shannon, E. of, Ir. 

Carrington,Earl Carrington, B., Ir. 

Carysfort, B Carysfort, E. of, Ir. 

Cathcart, Earl Cathcart, B., Sc. 

Chaw or th, B Meath, E. of, Ir. 

Cholmondeley, M.of Cholmondeley, V., Ir. 

Clancarty, V Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 

Clanwilliam, B Clanwilliam, E. of, Ir. 

Clements, B Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 

Cloncurry, B The same, Ir. 

Gobliam, V. Westcote, B., Ir. 

Colville of Cuirass, V. Colville (of Culross), B., Sc. 

Cumberland & Teviotdale, Armagh, E. of, Ir. 

H.R.H.D. of 

Dartrey, E. of Cremorne, B., Ir. 

Dawnay, B Doimie, V.^ Ir. 

Denbigh, E- of Desmond, E. of, Ir. 

Digby, B The same, Ir. 

Doncaster, E. of Buccleuch & Queensberry, D. 

of, Sc. 

Douglas, B Home, E. of, Sc. 

Dufferin & Ava, M. of Dufferin& Claneboye, B., Ir. 

Dunmore, B Dunmore, E. of, Sc. 

Dunning, B Rollo, B., Sc. 

Elgin, B Elgin & Kincardine, F. of, 


Elphinstone, B The same, Sc. 

Ettrick, B. (Napier & Ettk.) Napier, B., Sc. 

Fairlie, B Glasgow, E. of, Sc. 

Fermanagh, B Erne, E. of, Ir. 

Fife, D.of Fife, Earl, Ir. 

Fingall, B Fingall, E. of, Ir. 

Fisherwick, B Donegall, M. of, Ir. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl The same, Ir. 

Foxford, B Limerick, E. of, Ir. 

Gage, B Gage, V., Ir. 

Gardner, B The same, Ir. 

Gordon, V Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 

GoTmauston, B Gormanston, V., Ir. 

Graham, Earl Montrose, D. of, Sc. 

Granard, B Granard, E. of, Ir. 

Grinstead, B Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 

Hare, B , . . Listowel, E. of, Ir. 

Hartismere, B Henniker, B., Ir. 

Hay, B Kinnoull, E. of, Sc. 

Herries, B , . . . The same, Sc. 

Hertford, M.of . Conway, B., If, 

Hillsborough, E. of Downshire, M. of Ir. 

Hood, V , Hood, B., Ir. 

"Howtii, B, ..... Howth, E. of, Ir. 

Hatchinson, V Donoughmore, E. of. Ir. 

Innes, Earl . , . , , Roxbutighe, D. of, Sc. 

Jersey, E. of Grandison, V., Ir. 

Kenlis, B Headfort, M. of, Ir. 

Kenmare, B Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 

Kenry, B Dunraven & Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir. 

Kensington, B The same, Ir. 

Ker, B Lothian, M. of, Sc. 

Kilmarnock, B Erroll, E. of, Sc. 

Kinnaird, B The same, Sc. 

Kintore, B Kintore, E. of, Sc. 

Lansdowne, 31. of { nS^M? 1 ™ 5 ' E ' ° f ' fr " 

Leeds, D.of Dumblane' L ?Dun-], V., Sc. 

Leinster, V Leinster, D. of, Ir. 

Linlithgow, M. of Hopetoun, E. of, Sc. 

Loftus, B Ely, M. of, Ir. 

Lovat, B The same. Sc. 

Lovel & Holland, B Egmont, E. of, Ir. 

Luca3, B Dingwall, B., Sc. 

Mansfield, E.of Stormont, V., Sc. 

Meldrum, B Huntly, M. of, Sc. 

Mendip. B Clifden, V., Ir. 

Meredyth, B Athlumney, B., Ir. 

Minster.B Conyngham, Mara., Ir. 

Monck. B Monck, V., Ir. 

Monckton, B Galway, V.,Ir. 

MontEagle, B Sligo, M. of, Ir. 

Muncaster, B The same, Ir. 

Normanby, M.of Mulgrave, B., Ir. 

Northington, B Henley, B., It. 

Oriel, B Massereene & Ferrard, V., 


Ormonde, B Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 

Oxenfoord, B Stair, E. of, Sc. 

PonsoDby, B Bessborough, E. of, If. 

Powerscourt, B Powerscourt, V., Ir. 

Powis, E.of Clive, B., Ir. 

Ramsay, B Dalhousie, E. of, Sc. 

Ranfurly, B Ranfurly, E. of, Ir. 

Reuy, B The same. Sc. 

Richmond (& Gordon),D. of Lennox, D. of, .Sc. 

Rosebery, B Rosebery, E. of, Sc. 

Rossmore, B The same, Ir. 

Saltersford, B Courtown, E. of, Ir. 

Scarbrough, E. of ..- Lumley, v., Ir. 

Sefton, B Sefton, E. of, Ir. 

Sheffield, B Sheffield, E. of, Ir. 

Shrewsbury (<b Talbot), E. of Waterford, E. of, Ir. 

Shute, B Barrington, V., Ir. 

Silchester, B Lonnford, E. of, Ir. 

Somerhill, B Clanricarde, M. of, Ir. 

Somerton, B Normanton, E. of, Ir. 

Stewart of Garlies, B Galloway, E. of, Sc. 

Strange, Earl Atholl, D. of, Sc. 

Strathspey, B Seafield, E. of, Sc. 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . Moray, E. of, Sc. 

Sudley, B Arran, E. of, Ir. 

Sutherland, D.of Sutherland, E. of, Sc. 

Talbot de Malahide, B Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 

Tweeddale,- B Tiveeddale, M. of, Sc. " 

Tyrone, B Waterford, M. of, Ir. 

Vane, Earl Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 

Verulam, E. of {Sftl*^ 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of . . Rothesay, D. of, Sc. 

Wellington, D.of . , Mornington, E. of, Ir. 

Wernyss, b , Wemyss & March, E. of, Sc. 

Wigan, B Crawford E. of, Sc. 

Winton, E. of. Eglinton& Winton, E. of, Sc 

Worlingham, . ; Gosford, E. of, Ir. 



Showing the Dates of Existing Dignities in the Ordee in which they weee Confeeeed. 
. *** Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Directory, and there 
followed by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
leading one. Note that both here and in the references the term "Baron" is employed uniformly, though under 
" Creations" it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation. 

Peerages of England, Scot- 
land, and Ireland: all, 
previous to 1387, by 
writ unless "tenure" 
is added. Of the latter 
class those only are in- 
cluded which have been 
allowed by the House of 
Lords and have received 
no other certain creation. 

[Alex. I., Scot., 1107-24.] 

1 Mar, Earl (orig.) 

[David I., Scot. 1124-53.] 
[Malcolm, Soot., 1153-65.] 

Henry II., 1154-89. 

Arundel,^, (tenure) 

[ Willm.,Seot., 1165-1214.] 

? Kings ale & Bin- 

grone, Bn. (tenure) 

■ \ Kerry & Lixnaw, 

Baron (tenure) 

IDelwin, Bn. (tenure) 

Richard I., 1189-99, 
and John, 1199-1216. 

(No creation surviving.) 
[Alex. II., Scot., 1214-49.] 

Henry III., 1216-72. 

1 Sutherland, Earl 

[A lex.III.,8cot. ,1 249-86.] 

24.12 De Bos, Baron* 
„ Le Despencer,2?«.* 

EdwardL, 1272- 1307 

28.6 Mowbeay, Baron 

Fauconbebg, Bn. 

[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90, 
then 2 yrs. interregnum.] 
[John Baliol, Scot., 1292- 


23.6 Hastings, Baron 
24.6 Segeave, Baron 

29.12 De Cliffoed, Bn. 
6.2 Clinton, Baron 
„ De La "Warr, Baron 
(in precedence) 

Latimer, Baron 


-^-iArklow { >), Baron 

14.6 Botetourt, Baron 
[Bolt. I., Scot., 1306-29.] 

Edward II., 1307-27. ! Henry IV., 1399-1413! 1453- 

1308, I (No Engl, creation left.) j *7'3 "^Ebeoll, Earl 

"•t ZoucheofHaeyng- 14.0s. , 

26.5 Beenees, Baron 
I28.8 tCAiTHNESS, Earl 

woeth, Baron 

4.3 Beaumont, Baron 

26.7 "Willoughhy de 
Eresby, Baron 

— -§Carrick ? (Ormonde) , 

14.3 JKildare, Earl 

15.5 Daere (Hampden) 

30. 1 2 Grey de Butiiyn 

2 1. 1 1-Mae, Earl 
[James I., Scot., 1406-37.] 

Henry V., 1413-22. 



1 Argyll, Earl 

tAtholl, Earl, 1st cr. 

J tMoETON, Earl 
I '*" 3 ( tAberdour, Baron 

( tBoTHES, Earl 
20 " 3 ) tBallinbriech, Bn. 

8. lot Cathcaet, Baron 
[Jas. III., Scot., 1460-88.] 

Edwardlll., 1327-77. 

I Ormonde, Earl 
[ David II. , Scot. , 1 329-71 . ] 

5.6 Maltravers, Baron 

27.1 DAecy de Knayth, 
Cornwall, Duke 

Boteeaux, Baron 

£ Gonnanston, Bn. 
[Bobt.IL, Scot. , 1371-50. ] 

23.11 ?La Poer, Baron 

Richard II., 1377-99. 

20.8 Camoys, Baron 

1387- 1440- 

Baronies by Letters Patent I3il j) e Molines, Baron 
first created: all follg. u (writ) 
by patent unle ss "writ" I7 . 7 §Waterfoed, Earl 
is added. 1447- 

1389- Saye and Self, Bn. 

+ Angus, Earl ( wr it; prec.of 1 603) 

?Delvin,i?w. (?writ) 144 8. 

[Bobt. III., Scot., 1390- I3 . s Stoueton, Baron 
H06.] 1449. 
1392- ! ( +Montgomerie,-??«. 

23.11 Bergavenny, Baron 3 1 -* \ tSeton, Baron 

(writ) I + Sinclair, Bn. (orig.) 


?Kingsale, Baron 

( ! patent) 

I tCRAWFOEn, Earl 


20.10 Berkeley 

Henry VI., 1422-61. 

Hungerford, Baron 


1 Erskine (Mar or 

Mar &*,);^^ Edward IV 

\ Killeen, Baron 

— — \ Howth. Baron. 

1 Dalkeith (Morton), 

Baron ( ? year) 

8.7 Arundel, Earl(tervme 

[Jame 3II. ,Scot. , 1437-60.] 

{ Dunsany, Baron 


20.5 Shrewsbury, Earl 
12.7 i" Forbes, Baron 


28.6 1-Saltoun, Baron 
5.7 tGEAY, Baron 

-rHuntly, .EVzW.istcr. 

tCampbell (Argyll), 


tGlamis, Baron 

1 Graham, Baron 

tLindsay of the 

Byres, Baron 
tLeslie, Baron 


29.1 1 Huntly , Ea rl, 2nd cr . 
5.9 Bergavenny, Baron, 
2nd cr. 

4 \ +Lindsay of Craw- 12.6 +Bortiiwick, Baron 

y ford, Baron \ tKennedy, Baron 

* The Baronies of De Hob and Le Bcspcncer wore creations by Sir Simon dc Montfort, but the House of Lords 
decided in' 1841 to allow these two titles to s tand, the former having been once accepted in 1806, and the latter in 1604. 



26.7 Hastings of Ashby 
de laZ., ^w.(writ) 
Herbert of Herbert, 
Baron (writ) 

4.3 ?Trimlestown, Bn. 

SDunsany, Bn. (pat.) 


tLovat, Bn. (orig.) 


( tltoTHESAY, Duke 

j tOarrick, Earl 

( -f-Benfrew, Baron 

( tBucHAN, Earl 

\ tAuchterhouse, Bn. 

17.4 tLorne, Baron 

2.8 iHome, Baron 

7.8 § GOEMANSTON, J isct. 

„ , f Norfolk, Duke 
28 - 6 ( Surrey, Earl 
Edward V., 1483 
(3 months) . 
(No creation.) 

Richard III., 1483-85 

(No creation surviving.) 

Ken.VIL, 1485-1509. 

27.10 Derby, Earl 

29.1 tDrummond of Car- 
gill, Baron 
„ tCrichton of San- 
quhar, Baron 
tHavof Yester, Bn. 
[Jas.IV., Scot., 1488-1513] 

26.1 -(-Sinclair, Baron, 

Historic Peerage. 


1489— con t. 

1 Alloa, Baron 

+Sempill, Baron 


3.2 1-Herbies, Baron 

28.4 tOgilvyof Axr\ie,Bn. 


Broke, Baron{vm.t) 

3.5 tMontrose, Earl 

26.11 Herbert of Rag- 
land, Baron 

20. t tEGLiNTON, Earl 

Henry VIII., 1 509-47. 

17.10 CoNYERS,2?«.(writ) 

+Cassillis, Earl 


14. 1 "KElphinstone, Bn. 
[Jas. V., Scot., 1513-42.] 


1.2 Worcester, Earl 


27.4 Vaux of Harrow- 
den, Baron (writ) 

18.6 Rutland, Earl 

23.2 ?Ossory, Earl 


3. 1 1 Braye, Bn. (writ) 
„ Windsor, Bn. (writ) 

2.12 Wentworth, Bn. 

8.12 Huntingdon, Ear\ 

2.1 SThurles*, Viscount 


9.3 Russell of Cheneys, 

„ St. Johnof Basing, Bn. 

tLovAT, Baron 

(new charter) 

II. 6 ?DuNBOYNE,B.(pat.) 

15.6 5 Louth, Baron 
[Mary, Scot., 1542-67.] 

I ?Clanricarde, Earl 
7 \ {Dunkellin, Baron 
„ $Inchiquin, Baron 


2,10 \ +Berriedale,i?n. 
Edward VI., 1547-53. 

15.2 Seymour, Baron 
16.2 Somerset, Duke 


19. 1 Bedford, Earl 
„ Wiltshire, Earl 

2.2 Hereford, Visct. 

23.10 \ Viscount 

UKells, Baron 

10.10 Herbert of Cardiff, 

11. 10 Pembroke, Earl 


1553. , . s 

23.1 Paget, Baron (writ) 
Mary, 1553-58. 

3.9 Devon, Earl 

17.2 North, Baron (writ) 

11. 3 Howard of Effing- 

ham, Baron 

Elizabeth, 1 558 1603 

. 1559. £ 

13. i St. JohnofBletso, 
f +Moray, Earl 
30.1 < tAbernethy and 
C Strathearn, Bn. 



29.7 |Mar(M. &Kellie), 

[Jas. VI., Scot., 1567 till 
King of Engld. 1603.] 

25.2 Burghley, Baron 

4.5 Lincoln, Earl 
8.5 De La Warr, Baron, 
2nd cr. 
,, Norreys, Bn. (writ) 

24.11 -KDoune, Baron 

29.4 tPaisley, Baron 


18.5 +Maitland, Baron 


15.10 tNewbottle, Baron 
„ 1597- _ 

24.10 Howard de Wal- 

den, Bn. (writ) 
( +Huntly, Marq. 

17.4 ( -rEnzie, Earl 

f tWiNTON, iJarZ 

16. 11 < tSeton& Tranent 
(. Baron 

^Inverness, Viscount 

tRoxburghe, Baron 


30.6 +Campbell of Lou- 

doun, Baron 

2.2 tKiNLOSS, Baron 

James I., 1603-25. 

5.4 tAbercorn, Baron 

13.5 Cecil, Baron 

21.7 Suffolk, Earl 

„ Grey of Groby, Bn. 

,, Petre, Baron 

„ Russell of Thorn- 
haugh, Baron 

„ Spencer (Marl- 
borough), Baron 

9.8 Saye & Sele, Baron 

»+Dirleton, Baron 


ROSS, Baron 






1604 — cont. 

4 tMurray of Tulli- 

bardine, Baron 

8 Cranborne, Viscount. 

„ ( +Home, Earl 
3 \ tDunglass, Baron 

I +Perth, Earl 

\ tDrummond of 
( Stobhall, Baron 
tScone, Baron 

5 Exeter, Earl 

{Montgomery, Earl 
Herbert of Shur- 
land, Baron 
Salisbury, Earl 
Arundell of War- 
dour, Baron 
Cavendish of Hard- 
wick, Baron 

3 tFentoun, Viscount 
■i-Scott of Buccleuch. 

!+Abercorn, Earl 
^Hamilton, Mount- 
castle, and EjI- 
v Patrick, Baron 

j tKlNGHORNE, Earl 

( tLyon&Glamis, Bn . 
tLothian, Earl 
tTullibardine, Earl 

.7 +Balfour of Bur- 
leigh, Baron 
.7 tGarlies, Baron 

,5 Brace of Kinloss,Sn. 
.7 Clifton (of Leighton 

Bromwold) , Ba ron 



ROSS, Baron, 2nd cr 
.1 tMaderty, Baron 
.6 "("Dingwall, Baron 

.6 tCardross, Baron 

3 tSt. Colme, Baron 

4 +Moray, Z?.,confmd. 


II tBinning&Byres.Z?. 


3 +Eglinton,2?ar?, con- 


6 Dormer, Baron 


4 tLauderdale, Visct. 
tCarnegie of Kin- 

naird, Baron 

4 tMelville, Baron 

7 Teynham, Baron 
7 ?Ardee, Baron 
7 ? Moore, Baron 

9 ? Boyle of Youghal, 

( tRoxburghe, Earl 
9 1 i-KerofCessford,5. 
1 Stanhope (Chester- 
field), Baron 

5 ^Hamilton of Stra- 

bane, Baron 


17.2 \ Lambart of Cavan, 

2.8 Northampton, Earl 

7.8 Devonshire, Earl 
tc.8 tRamsay of Dal- 

housie, Baron 

.2.3 1-Kellie, Earl 

i+Buceleuch, Earl 
•c.3 1-Haddington, Earl 

7. 1 1 \ Stuart of Castle- 

stuart, Baron 

3.1 ?Grandison, Visct. 

20.7 ?Digby, Baron 
, \ \ Cork, Earl 

I SDungarvan, Vt. 

\ i-Falkland, Vise. 
°- Jl \ tCary, Baron 

1. 1 2 JFitzwilliam, Baron 
[2.i2 ? Antrim, E. (orig.) 

(Mandeville, Vise. 
[912 < Montagu of Kim- 

( bolton, Baron 
22.12 SCaulfeild of Char- 
lemont, Baron 
( Feildins, Viscount 
3012 (Feilding, Baron 

29.1 Brooke, Baron 

7.2 '{Moore, Viscount 

16.8 +Stormont, Visct. 

4.9 $Westmeath, Earl 


/ Andover, Viscount 
23.1 ] Howard of Charl- 

( ton, Baron 
2.2 +Ayr, Viscount 
„ t Jedburgh, Baron 

1 1. 3 SValentia, Visct. 

16.3 \ Dillon, Viscount 

14.9 Denbigh, Earl 

{ $ Desmond, Earl 
22.11 < $Callan, Viscount 
I \ Feilding, Baron 

8.7 Maidstone, Viscount 
19.9 1-Galloway, Earl 

!+Lauderdale, E. 
tMaitland, Visct. 
tThirlestane and 
Boltoun, Baron 
i Westmorland, E. 
2 S 12 I Burghersh, Baron 

Charles I., 1625-49. 

( I Chichester (Done- 
1.4 < gall), Viscount 
{ 5 Chichester, Baron 

15.4 ?Kilmorey, Viscount 


5. 2 Manchester, Earl 
7.2 Berkshire, Earl 
22.11 Lindsey, Earl 

16.4 ?Meath, Earl 

1 tDupplin, Viscount 
4-5 |*HayofKinfauns,J?. 




1627 — cout. 

4,5 "KNaPIER OF MeE- 

chistoun, Baron 

23.6 Poulett, Baron 

10.7 \ Sherard, Baron 

10.8 t Melville, Baron, 

2nd cr. 

Cameron, Baron 

Fitzalan of Clun & 

Oswaldestre, Bn, 

26.2 Brudenell, Baron 
1 Boyle of Kinal- 
meaky, Viscount 

28.2 4 $Bandon Bridge, 

JBroghill, Baron 

26.3 Stamford, Earl 
I tDrumlanrig, Vt. 

I. 4 < tDouglas of Haw- 

' iek & Tibbers, Bn. 
,, tWemyss, Baron 

20.6 i-Reay, Baron 

II. 7 WiNCHiLSEA, Earl 

12.7 ?Lumley, Viscount 
o \ ?Taaffe, Viscount 

I- j ?Ballymote, Baron 
4.3 Chesterfield, Earl 

18.9 tDalzell, Baron 
26.9 SFingall, Earl 
22.12 JMolyneux, Visct. 


8.2 ? Mountnorris, Bn. 
1 3 . 2 S trange ,Baron (writ ) 
17.2 tAtholl, 
2nd cr. 

20.4 ?Burke, Viscount 

12.5 ?Ikerrin, Viscount 


o ( tLlNDSAY, .EarZ 
j tParbroath, Baron 
I tLouDOUN, Earl 

12.5 j tTarrinzean and 
( Mauchline, Bn. 

25:5 tKiNXOULL, Earl 
1 t Dumfries, Earl 

12.6 < tCrichton of Cum- 
( nock, Baron 

13.6 tOueensberry, Earl 

( tDouglas, Marq. 
14.6 ] t Abemethy & Jed- 

( burgh Forest, B. 

I i Elgin, Earl 
21.6 I +Bruce of Kinloss,^ 

( Baron, 2nd cr. 

itSouTHESK, Earl 
tCarnegie of Kin- 
naird & Leuchars, 
( tAncram, Earl 
24.6 k tKerr of Nisbet 
V. &c, Baron 
( +Wemyss, Earl 
25.6 J +Elcho & Methel, 
' Baron 


29.6 ] + Ramsay of Ker- 
( rington, Baron 

22.7 iFORRESTER (Veru- 

lam), Baron 
27.7 +Lindsay of Bal- 
earres, Baron 


tAiRLiE, Earl 
tOgilvyof Alyth& 
Lintrathen, Bn. 
20.4 tRosehill, Baron 


21.4 < Dalzell&Liberton, 
' Baron 

12.9 Stafford, Baron 

6.8 Capell, Baron 

J +Leven, Earl 
11-10 I tBalgonie, Baron 
t 6 tt \ +Arbuthnott,F< 

tlnverbervie, Bn 
7. 1 1 +Balvaird, Baron 

2.1 1 Worcester, Marq. 

8.3 +Elibank, Baron 

I+Hamilton, Duke 
tClydesdale, 3/<ir 2 . 
tArran, Earl 
tLanark, Earl 
4 « tCambridge, Earl 
tAven, Baron 
ilnnerdale, Baron 
tFolmont, Baron 
tMachanshire, Bn 
8.6 Sunderland, Earl 
, q \ tDYSART, Earl 
3 - I tHuntingtower, Bn 
24.10 Byron, Baron 

23.3 "Ward, Baron 

( Glamorgan, Earl 

1.4 < Grosmont, Visct. 
( Beaufort, Baron 

6.5 tMontrose, iJ/cn-ffj. 

6.6 Norfolk, Earl 

( i Selkirk, Ear J (.') 
4.8 < i-Daer and Short- j 
( cleuch. Baron (?)! 

1. 1 2 tTweeddale, .EarZ 

30.3 $Donegall, Earl 

j (SCavan, jEcw-Z 
15 4 | SKileoursie, Fiscf. 
1. 1 1 tNoiiTHESK, Earl 
15. 12 +Beliiaven&Sten- 

ton, Baron 
20.12 t Falconer, Baron 
ft Kincardine, E. 
< tBruce of Tony, 
V Baron 
27.12 t Cochrane of Dun - 
donald, Baron 

Charles II., 1649-85 

(in exile 1649-60, butmade 
the interim creations). 

f tBALCA rres, Earl 
°' 1 \ tBalniel, Baron 
10. 1 +Eollo, Baron 

t Ruthven, Baron 




12.7 -\ viscount 

Montagu of St. 


1660 — cont. 

5.9 {Orrery, Earl 

I tAboyne, Earl 
10. 9 { + Gordon of 

( Strathavon, Bn. 
( ?Massereene,F^. 
21-11 ( 5Loughneagh,5». 

} +Newburgh, Earl 
31.12 j +Kynnaird, Visct. 
( tLevingstone, Bn. 

29.3 ?Cholmondeley,F^. 

I Essex, Earl 
20-4 \ Maiden, Viscount 
„ Cardigan, Earl 
,, Townshend, Baron 
,, Ashley, Baron 
( Carlisle, Earl 
J Howard of Mor- 
peth, Viscount 
l^Dacre, Baron 
4.6 ?Drogheda, Earl 
DonCASTER, Earl 
Scott of Tyndale, 
i tBucCLEUCH, Duke 
20-4 \+Dalkeith, Earl 
7.5 Lucas, Baron 

2. 2 St. Liz, Baron 
14.3 Arlington, Baron 

8.10 ?Charlemont, Vt. 

1 1. 2 Craven, Baron 

( +Dundonald, Earl 
12.5 < t Cochrane of 
\ Paisley, Baron 

tDysart, Earl, con- 
firmed (prec.of 1643) 

( Arlington, Earl 
\ Thetford, Viscount 
,, Clifford of Chud- 
leigh, Baron 
I Shaftesbury, E. 
23-4 ( Cooper, 7?a;v)?i 
? Euston, Earl 
1 6. 8 ( Ipswich, Viscount 
{ Sudbury, _Z?a?-o?i 


T Sandwich 
I Hinchinj 

■I Viscount 

Neots, Baron 

_ p \ Latimer, Viscount 
5 ' ( Osborne, Baron 

c. 1 Finch, Baron 
2.2 tOsborne, Viscount 
7.6 Danby, i'arZ 

0.2 i-Belhaven&Stenton, 
Baron, 2nd cr. 

+DUNBLANE, Visct. 

( lticiiMOND, Duke 
< March, Earl 
{ Settrington, Baron 

tDarnley, Earl 
tMethuen (of Tor- 
bolton), Baron 
1 1.9 Grafton, Duke 

) ?Granard, Visct, 
22-11 \ ^Clanehugh,^ ron 


! tAtholl, Marquess 
tBalquhidder, Vt. 
and Gask, Baron 
( Burford, Earl 
27 ' 12 \ Hedington, Baron 
( tKiNTORE, Earl 
jc.6 J tKeith of In- 
' verurie, Baron 


and Holland, E. 
Q , I +Tay and Paint- 
26 - b j land, Viscount 
+Glenorchy, Bene- 
V deraloch,&c.,5». 


J Kinohorne, E. 
T.7 - tLyon, Viscount 
tTannadyce, Sid- 
^ law, &c, Baron 

9.4 Manners of Had- 
don, Baron (writ) 
( Berkeley, Earl 
1-0 ( Dursley, Viscount 

9.2 $Downe, Viscount 

7.1 +Nairne, Baron 
12.5 Nottingham, Earl 
31.5 Lumley, Baron 


24.11 Ossulston, .Baron 

30.11 Abingdon, Earl 

It Aberdeen, Earl 
tFonnartine, Vt. 
tHaddo, Methlic, 
Tar\'es,&c, Baron 
2.12 Beaufort, Duke 
,, Dartmouth, Baron 

1 1. 1 2 TownshendofRayn- 

ham, Viscount 
\ Weymouth, Visct. 
" ( Thynne, Baron 
28.12 +Kinnaird, Baron 

27.9 Guilford, Baron 

10. 1 St. Albans, Duke 
30.12 $Granard, Earl 

James II., 1685-88. 

14.5 Churchill (Marl- 
borough), Baron 
I tMelfort, Viscount 
- < tDrummond of 
( Gilstoun, Baron 




Waldegrave, Baron 
f tDiiNMORE, Earl 
I tFincastle. Visct. 
1 +Murray of Blair, 
' Baron 
( tStrathallan, Vise. 
6.9 \ tDrummond of 
( Cromlix, Baron 

1+Melfort, Earl 
tForth, Viscount 
+Drummond of 
Riccartoun, Bn. 

Historic Peerage. 



9.4 Carmarthen, Marq. 
„ Marlborough, Earl 

I Portland, Earl 
,, ] "Woodstock, Visct. 

(Cirencester, Baron 

10.4 Lumley, Viscount 
„ Cholmondeley, Bn. 

20.5 Ashburnham, Baron 


z'+Melville, Earl 
o 3 tKirkaldie, Visct. 
8 ' 4 1+Raith,Monymail, 

C & Balwearie, Bn. 
15.4 Scarbrough, ifarZ 

I tStair, Viscount 

21.4 J tGlenluce and 

( Stranraer, Baron 

26.12 tPOLWARTH, BoLTOn 


( Villiers, Viscount 

20.3 } Villiers, £arorc 

4.5 Leeds, Duke 
j Bedford, Duke 

11.5 I Tavistock, il/«rg. 

o i Devonshire, Z>m^ 
12 D { Hartington, Mara 

( tTwEEDDALE,^f<2 

17.12 ] tGifford, Earl 

{ tWalden, Viscount 


13.6 Howland, Baron 

( §Lisbume, Visct. 

25.6 < $ Vaughan of Fe 
(. thard, Baron 

( ^Orkney, Earl 
3. 1 ] + Kirkwall, Visct. 
1 ( tDechmont, Baron 


/Albemarle, Earl 
10.2 < Bury, Viscount 
' Ashford, Baron 
(tMarch ("Wemyss 

20.4 -t t Peebles, Viscount 

tDouglas of Neid- 
\ path &c, Baron 
, $ Coventry, Earl 
2 4 ( Deerhurst, Visct. 
13.10 Jersey, Earl 

25.7 Barnard, Baron 


31. 1 +Boyle of Kelburne 
&c, Baron 

(tRosebery, Visct. 
1.4 J t Primrose and 
( Dalmeny, Baron 

/+ Argyll, 
tLorn and Kin- 
I tyre, Marquess 
1 t Campbell and 
23.6 \ Cowall, Earl 
•i-Lochow and 
Glenyla, Visct. 
I tlnveraray, Mull 

1701— cont. 

!t Lothian, Marq. 
tBriene, Viscount 
+Kerr of New- 
bottle, Baron 

!+Se afield, Earl 
+Reidhaven, Visct, 
+Ogilvy of Desk- 
ford, Baron 
{ ? Strabane, Visct. 
2 9 ( fcMountcastle, Bn 






Marlborough, Dk 
Blandford, Marq. 

15.3 Guernsey, Baron 
16.3 Gower, Baron 
17.3 Conway of Ragley, 

2 3'. 3 Hervey, Baron 

{ Rutland, Duke 
29-3 I Granby, Marquess 
+Stair, Earl 
tDalrymple, Vise. 
tNewliston, Baron 
I tRoSEBERY, Earl 
I tlnverkeithing, Vt. 

itGLASGOW, Earl 
t Kelburne, Visct. 
tBoyle of Stewar- 
toun &c., Baron 
/"tBuTE, Earl 
I tKingarth, Visct. 
\ tMount Stuart, 
^ Cumra, &c, Bn. 
( +Hopetoun, Earl 
5.4 < tAithrie, Viscount 
' +Hope, Baron 
+ Atholl, Duke 
tTullibardine, Mq. 
tStrathardle and 
Strathtay, Earl 
Glenalmond, & 
Glenlyon, Visct. 
( tGamock, Viscount 
I tKilbirnie, Kings- 
\ burn, &c, Bn. 


(Buccleuch), Dk. 
I +Dumfriesshire,itf". 
1 tDrumlanrig and 
Sanquhar, Earl 
tNith, Torthor- 
wald, &c, Vise. 
tDouglas of Kin- 
N mont &c. , Baron 
f Poulett, Earl 
( Hinton, Viscount 

6 4 




1707 — cont. 

J tBowmont & Cess- 
25.4; ford, Marquess 
tKelso, Earl 
\ +Broxmouth, Vise. 

Peerages of Gt. Britain 
and of Ireland. 

t Ferrers, Earl 
3,9 \ Tamworth, Visct. 

l Dartmouth, Earl 
5-9 \ Lewisham, Visct. 
„ Boyle (of Marston) , 
( Brandon, Duke 

10.9 ( Dutton, Baron 
31. r 2 Hay (of Ped war- 
dine), Baron 

1712. ' 
1.1 Middleton, Baron 
,, Bathurst, Baron 


7.7 \ St. John of Lydi- 
' ard Tregoze, Bn 

16.10 ^Conway (of Kil 
lultagh), Baron 

George I., 1714-27. 

19.10 Bristol, Earl 
,, Tankerville,^/-? 
Aylesford, Earl 


12.4 $Newborough 

(Cholm'ley), Bn. 
4 ^Brodrick, Baron 
21.4 \ Perceval, Baron 
9.5 (SCarbery, Baron. 
20. 10? Hamilton of Stack- 

allan, Baron 
21. 1 o\ Newtown-Butler, 

id. 3 Parker of Maccles- 
field, Baron 
19.6 Onslow, Baron 
2r.6 Romney, Baron 

Cholmondeley, E 
27-12 \ Malpas, Viscount 



t Montrose, Duke 
t Graham and Bu- 
chanan, Marq. 
t Kincardine, Earl 
tDundaff, Viscount 
Mugdock,&c. . Bn . 

(St. John (Boling- 
I broke), Viscount 
2-7 1 St. John of Bat- 

\ tersea, Baron 
, i Portland. Duke 
b - 7 \ Titchfield/ilfrt/^. 

10.7 Newburgh (Chol- 

mondeley), Bn. 


'°- 7 \ SPhilipstown, Bn. 


21-7 Milton, Viscount 

r ( ^Chetwynd, Visct. 
2q -° UBathdown, Baron 
1" Stanhope of 
2.7 < Mahon, Viscount 
(_ Stanhope, Bo ron 

15.8 {Midleton, Visct. 
20.8 JBoyne, Viscount, 

( \ Hillsborough, Vt. 
21.8 J ? Hill of Kilwarlin, 
( Baron 
4.9 ? Southwell, Baron 


4.4 Stanhope, Earl 

1.5 \ Aylmer of Balrath, 

( Cobham, Viscount 

3.5 ( Cadogan, Baron 

8.4 Manchester, Duke 
\ ?Grimston, Visct. 
29-5 ( ?Dunboyne, Baron 

t Falmouth, Visct. 

9.6 < Boscawen-Rose, 
( Baron 

, \ Lymington, Visct. 
11,0 I Wallop, jBoron 

I ?Barrington, F«. 
17 ( §Barrington,5a? OM 

\ ?Gage, Viscount 
14-9 ( ?Gage, 5aro« 

( J Tyrone, Viscount 
4-11 ( SSBeresford, Baron 

n.9 ?Bessborough, 
14.9 ? Clifton of Rath- 
more, Baron 


21,9 ( Byng, .Baz-OM 

( Macclesfield, E. 
1 1 ( Parker, Viscount 
( Graham, Earl 
23.5 < Graham of Bel- 
' ford, Baron 
Percy (Atholl), Bn. 
\ I Kerry, Earl 
17-1 j SClanmaurice, Vt. 
25.2 \ Perceval, Viscount 
28.2 ?Duncannon, Visct. 
7.3 ?Darnley, Viscount 
1.6 Walpole of Wal- 
pole, Baron 

25.5 King of Ockham, B. 

29.6 VDarnley, Earl 

George II., 1727-60. 

( JGalway, Visct. 
17-7 j $Killard, Baron 

28.5 Hobart, Baron 
,, M0N8ON, Baron 
12.8 SLanesborough, Fi. 

I Waldegrave, E. 
13-9 ( Chewton, Viscount 

6.1 Harrington, Baron 

J Ashburnham, 
14,5 ( St. Asaph, Fisc<. 

27. 10 ? Castle Duyrow, B. 

6. 1 1 ^Egmont, Eavl 

10. 1 1 ? Desart, Baron 
2^.11 Hardwicke, i?aro?i 

5.12 Talbot, Baron 

28.7 ?Braco, .Baron 

6.10 ?Bessborougii, E. 





it. 5 Hchester and 

Strangways, Bn, 

( Harrington, Earl 
9- I Petersham, Visct. 
19.4 Fitz william of Mil- 
ton, Baron 
20.4 Edgeumbe, Baron 


11. 4 Portsmouth, Earl 
29.11 I Newport (Roden), 


4.2 < Viscount 

{ \ Wingfield, Baron 

17.4 Bruce of Totten- 
ham, Baron 
5.7 Fortescue, Baron 
7.7 Brooke, Earl . 
o ( Gower, Earl 
e,y I Trentham, FiscJ. 
9.7 ?Mornington, Baron 

18.7 5 Tyrone, Earl 
5.9 Buckinghamshire, 

g I Fitzwilltam, Earl 
' 9 ( Milton, Viscount 


1 2. 1 Eehester, Stavor- 

dale, &c, Baron 

21.2 Leinster, Viscount 
(Folkestone, Visct. 

29.6 < Longford (Rad- 
( nor). Baron 

10.6 $Carrick, Earl 

12.6 PONSONBY (Of 

Sysonby), Baron 
( Northumberland, 
2.10 j Earl 

{ Warkworth, Bn. 

28.3 Vere, Baron 

10.4 $Knapton, Baron 
j Hertford, -EarZ 

3 ( Beauchamp, F?sc<. 

30.9 J ASHBROOK, FrSC/ 1 . 

( ? Hillsborough, E. 
3,10 { JKilwarlin, Visct. 
\ ^Fitzmaurice, Vt. 

7.10 ( ?Dunkeron, Baron 


23.1 $Carysfoit, Baron 
8.4 Guilford, -EarZ 

26.6 ?Shelburne, Earl 

8. 1 1 JPollington, Baron 


( Hardwicke, Earl 
2 '4 ( Royston, Viscount 


6.12 { Jocelyn, Viscount 


, jj Shannon, £arZ 
) \ Boyle of Bandon, 
*7-4 ■ Viscount 

' ?CastleMartyr,I??*. 

1756 — cont. 
4.5 \ Mountmorres, Bn, 
5.5 \ Russborough, Bn. 
6.5 SFarnham, Baron 

7.5 i! Longford, Baron 

3.6 Hyde, .Baron 
4.6 Walpole of Wolter- 

ton, Baron 

17.6 Ilchester, Earl 

20.7 ?Lanesborough, E. 
17. 11 Newcastle, Dwfce 

,, Harwich, Baron 

o ( ? Sudley, Viscount 
I5 ' I ij Saunders, Baron 
18.9 ? Lisle, Baron 
19.9 §Courtown, Baron 
20.9 §Annesley, Baron 

, ( ?Fife, £arZ 
20 ' 4 I ?Macduff, Fwcfc 
30.11 Warwick, 2£arZ 

Geo. III., 1760-1820. 

: 7-5 Wycombe of Chippg. 

Wycombe, Baron 
22.5 Sondes, .Bar cm 

20.8 JMontEagle of 
Westport, Baron 

6.9 ?Headfort, Baron 

8.9 5 Russborough, Vise. 
, , I Mountfiorence, Bn . 

I ?Mornington, E. 

2.10 UWellesley, Viscl. 

o ( De La Warr, E. 
1 ' 3 \ Cantelupe, Visct. 

i ?Kildare, Mara. 
* 9 ' 3 llOffaly, Earl 

( Spencer, Viscount 
3-4 ( Spencer, Baron 
,, Mount Stuart, Bn. 
7.4 Grantham, Baron 
8.4 Grosvenor, Biron 

9.4 SCARSD-ALE, 2far<m 

10.4 Boston, Baron 
,, ?Winterton, 2?arow 

15.3 ?Clive (of Plassey), 

12.4 ?Arran, Earl 
j ?Coubtown, /TarZ 

" I JStopford, Viscount 
,, SHeadfort, Viscount 

4.5 Pelham, Baron 
7.5 Lovel&Holland,2?. 

12.5 Vernon of Kinder- 
ton, Baron 


27.4 Ducie, Baron 

10.5 ?Milltown, MrZ 

29.6 ?Mox:ntmorres, F£. 

13.7 § Kingston, Baron 
14.7 ?Kilworth, JJarow 


17.7 Camden, Baron 

19.8 Digby, Baron 
( Radnor, Earl 

31.10 ] Pleydell-Bouverie 
( Baron 
( Spencer, Earl 
1 • 1 1 1 Althorp, F^.,ist cr. 


22.1 $MountCashell, Vt. 

( §Mexbobough, E, 
. \ SPollington, Visct. 
j §Winterton, Earl 
■ ( \ Tumour, Viscount 
( Northumber- 
22.10 < land, Duke 
\ Percy, Earl 

24.10 $Bective, Earl 

14. 11 ?Glerawly, Viscount 
1 5. 1 1 ?Kingsborough, Vt 

I SClanwilliam, Vt. 
17,11 { ?GiHford, Baron 

26.11 5 Leinster, J>wfce 

22.12 Sundridge, i?arow 

( SHowth, Earl 
3-9 j 5 St. Lawrence, Vt, 
„ (SMulgrave, Baron 

91 ?Lifford, Baron 
15 7 ?Erne, Baron 
24.8 ^Westport, Viscount 
25.8 ? Kingston, JE'arZ 

23.5 ?Arden, Baron 
29.5 § Dawson, Baron 
30.5 ? Bangor, J?aron 

24.1 Apsley, Baron 

9.9 $RODEN, 

30.11 ?Sefton, Earl 
4.12 ?Altamont, ^arZ 

27.8 Bathurst, Earl 
R o < Hillsborough, E. 
20 '° 1 Fairford, Viscount 

29.4 ?Westcote, Baron 

20. 5 Hamilton of Ham- 

bleden, Baron 
,, Brownlow, 
,, Cardiff, Baron 
,, Harrowby, Baron 
,, Hawke, Baron 
,, Foley, j9amn 
,, Cranley, ^a?-on 

10.6 Ailesbury, Earl 
14.6 Clarendon, Earl 

19.6 ?De Vesci, Viscount 

2.7 JDoneraile, Baron 

17.7 5Macdonald,5». 
18.7 ?Lisburne, £a?'Z 

,, ? Southwell, Visct. 
20.7 ? Clan Willi am, ifarZ 

„ ^Enniskillen, Visct. 

,, '{Kensington, Bn. 

,, ?Gosford, Baron 
21.7 ?Clonmore, Baron 
23.7 JNewborough, 
24.7 ?Carlow, Viscount 

,, ?Lucan, Baron 
27.7 ?Clifden, Baron 

1.8 jNftas, Baron 
3.8 {Templetown, 
4.8 j Massy, 5aro« 

31.10 Mansfield (of 
Notts., 1st Earl- 
dom), Earl 

17.10 Dynevor, Baron 
„ Walsingham, Bn. 
,, Bagot, Baron 

1780— cont. 
17.10 Porchester, Baron 
,, Southampton, Bn. 

4.1 § Lifford, Viscount 
,, {Conyngham, Bn. 
5.1 AMOUNT Cashell, 

,, \ Muskerry, Baron 
6.1 ?Desart, Viscount 
,, ?Erne, Viscount 
,, | Belmore, 
9.1 I Sheffield (of Duna- 

more), Baron 
13. 1 ^Bangor, Viscount 
,, ?Clifden, Viscount 
,, §Mayo, Viscount 
16. 1 ? Welles, .Baron 

5.3 Mount Edgeumbe 

& Valletort, Visct. 

9.4 Grantley of Mar- 

kenfield, Baron 
19.6 Rodney, Baron 
2.9 $Hood, Baron 


10.10 ?Harberton, Baron 
11.10? Leitrim, Baron 
16.10 ?Donoughmore,i?w. 
IQ.IO I Sheffield of Ros- 
common, Baron 



28.1 Lovaine of Alnwick, 

30.1 Eliot, Baron 

( Abergavenny, E. 
' I Nevill, Viscount 
„ Somers of Evesham, 
18.5 Boringdon, Baron 
19.5 Uxbridge, ^a?^ 
,, Berwick, Baron . 

20.5 Sherborne, Baron 
,, §Earlsfort, .Baron 

( Talbot (Shrews- 
3.7 J bury & T.), Earl 
(ingestre, Viscount 
< Grosvenor, Earl 
5-7 ( Belgrave, Viscount 

!Lansdowne, Mq. 
Wycombe, Earl 
Calne & Calstone, 


(\ Antrim, Earl 
9.6 \ (new patent) 
( \ Dunluce, Visct. 

20.6 \ Longford, Earl 

, ?Gosford, Viscount 

22.6 JDONERAILE, Visct. 

23.6 $Wicklow, Viswunt 
24.6 SMayo, Earl 
28.6 $Loftus, Baron 
29.6 jDe Montalt, Baron 

3 Stafford (Suther- 
land), Marquess 
i Camden, Earl 
13-5 ) Bayham, 'Fi.?cown« 

8.5 Hamilton (Aber- 

corn), Viscount 

6 a 

Historic Peerage. 


1786 -corit. 
Strange, Earl 

18.8 \ Murray of Stan- 

( ley, Baron 
21.8 Tyrone, Baron 
,, Caeleton, Baron 
,, Suffield, Baron 

31.10 Townshend, Marq. 


9.6 Ken yon of Greding- 
ton, Baron 

19.8 Howe, Baron 

5.9 Braybrooke, Baron 
6.9 Amherst, Bn. (Earl 

19.9 Maimesbury, Baron 


17.8 JAnnesley, Earl 
,, JEnniskillen, Earl 
„ ?Eene, Earl 
,, §Carysfort, Earl 
,, ?Clonmell, Viscount 

18.8 Bath, Marquess 

19.8 §Waterford, Mq. 

20.8 JDownshibe, 31q. 

24.8 Salisbury, Marq. 

31.8 Mount Edgcumbe, 


( Fortescue, Earl 
1,9 ( Ebrington, F/scf. 

20.9 ^Londonderry, i>'n. 
21.9 ?Kilmaine, Baron 

22.9 ?Cloncurry, Baron 

18. 11 ? Auckland, Baron 
6.12 $Belmore, Viscount 

,, §Conyngham, Fi'jrf. 

28.12 iSLoftus, Fiscoetntf 


2.6 ?Gicntworth, Baron 
3.6 ?Clonbbock, Baron 

6.6 ^Caledon, Harare 
15.6 5 Oriel, Baron 

3.7 Fisherwick, Baron 
6.7 Verulara, Baron 

15.10 Abercorn, Marq. 
1. 1 1 Gage, Baron 

2. 1 1 Beverley, £a?'Z 


10.6 (JHawarden, F?'sc«. 

j ^Donegall, J/a?-g. 
27,0 j \ Belfast, #ar£ 

5.7 $Harberton, Visct. 
„ ? Northland, Visct. 


12.6 Thurlow, Baron 
14.6 JWatebpark, Baron 

1.8 Mansfield (of 

Middx., 2nd Earl- 
dom), Earl 
25.9 ?Oxmantown, Bn. 


22.5 Auckland, Baron 

3.7 Carnarvon, 

j Hertford, Marq. 

5,7 I Yarmouth, #arZ 
3o.n$Bandon, Baron 

3.12 $ Lei trim, Viscount 
\ $Desaet, Earl 

20,12 \ ^Castle Cuffe, F*. 
,, $Wicklow, Earl 
,, (SClonmell, Earl 
,, ?Castlestuart, Vi*>ct. 


2.3 ? Ely, Earl 
12.8 ? Beidpobt, Baron 

13.8 Bradford. Baron 

„ Clive of Walcot, Bn. 
„ Curzon of Penn, Bn. 
,, Dundas, Baron 
,, Lyttelton of Erank- 

ley, Baron 
,, Mendip, Baron 
,, Mulgrave, Baron 
,, Yarborough, Baron of Graves- 
end, Baron 

„ 1795. 

27.3 Hood,2?«. (Visc.H.) 
12.6 'i Somerton, Baron 
19.6 JYelverton, Baron 

30.9 JLeithim, Earl 
1. 10 5 Luc AN, Earl 

„ I Castlereagh, Visct., Viscount 

31.10 Loughborough, Bn . 


1 Bute, Marquess 

27.2 j "Windsor, Earl 

( Mountj oy, Viscount 

28.5 Rous, Baron 
1.6 Hood, Viscount 

4.6 Stuart of Castle 
Stuart, Baron 

6.6 Stewart of 

Garlies, Baron 

7.6 Saltersford, Baron 

1 1. 6 Brodrick, Baron 
15.6 Calthorpe, Baron 
16.6 Gwydyr, Baron 

18.6 Harewood, Baron 
■21.6 Cawdor, Baron 

9.7 ?Huntingfield, 


16.7 ?CAEBINGTON,i?a/W; 

j Newark, Viscount 
0-7 I Pierrepont, Baron 

8.8 ? Londonderry, 2£«ri'{Eossmore, Baron 


3.3 JTeignmouth, -Bn. 

17.3 \ Hotham, Baron 
20. 10 Bolton, Baron 

,, Carrington, Baron 
,, Minto, Baron 
r \ Lowther, Viscount 
20-10 j Lowther, Baron 
,, Lilfoed, Baron 
,, Eibblesdale, Baron 
,, Wodehouse, Baron 
j Duncan, Viscount 

30.10 \ Duncan, Baron 

{$Conyngham ,Earl 
\ i Mount Charles, 

14. 11 ?Cremorne, Baron 
„ ?Headi.ey, Allan- 
son, & Winn, Bn, 

20.ii?Belmore, Earl 
JDonoughmore, Vt. 
i^Eerrard, Viscount 
i^Monck, Baron 
24. 1 1? Norwood, Baron 
25.n5Kilconnol, Baron 
o.ii?Caledon, Viscount 
i.i2?Crofton, Baron 


/ ?Kenmare, Visct. 
4 " 1 jCastlerosse, Bn. 
,, JFfrench, Baron 


1 Cumberland and 
23.4 < Teviotdale,Z>& 

( \ Armagh, Earl 
18.7 Eldon, Baron 
9. 11 '{Henley, Baron 

30.7 $De Blaquiere, Bn. 

31.7 ?Dufferin and 

Claneboye, Bn. 
,, ?Henniker, Baron 
,, ?Ventry, Baron 


,, §Dun alley, Baron 

,, ?CLANMORRIS,i?a/W( 

,, ?Langford, Baron 
,, §Ennismore, Baron 
,, i i Frankfort, Baron 
,, ?Adare, Baron 
g o I §Bandon, i?£i>Z 

' \ ^Bernard, Viscount 
22.i2?Norbuiy, Baron 
.-. ( Cadogan, IJfflfi 
27,12 ( Chelsea, Viscount 
?Radstock, Baron 
i ^Gardner, Baron 
5 Ashtown, Baron 
?Clarina, Baron 
29.i2?Headfort, Marq. 
'i Sligo, Marquess 
?Ely, 31arquess 
i Malmesbury, Earl 
" \ FitzHarris, Visct. 
,, aClanricarde, Earl, 

2nd cr. 
,, ?Castlestewart, JF. 

,, ? AVONMORE, Visct. 

,, I Limerick, Viscount 
,, JErris, Baron 
3c 1 2] j Somerton, Visct. 

3I.I2?D0N0UGHM0RE, E. 

Peerages of U. Kingdom 
and of Ireland. 

1.1 ?Caledon, Earl. 

S ?Kenmare, Earl 
2,1 \ $Castlerosse, Visct. 
3.1 j;Dunlo, Viscount 

5.1 iSMoNCK, Viscount 
19. 1 Loftus, Baron 

2 1. 1 Carysfoet, Baron 

4.2 Exeter, 3Iarquess 
21.4 Eosslyn, Earl 

27.4 St. Vincent, Visct. 

28.5 Abeecromby, Baron 
o f- ( Craven, Earl 

| TJffington, Visct. 

, < Onslow, Earl 
I9 ' ) Cranley, Viscount 

, i Eomney, i'arZ 
22,0 \ Marsham, Visct. 

23.6 Chichester, Earl 
Grey of Howick, 

, f ( Wilton, ^"a?^ 
20,0 ) GreydeWUton,F?, 

18.8 Nelson, Baron 


27.2 Curzon, Viscount 
19.4 Ellenboeough, Bn.l 

1802— cont. 

19.6 Sandys, Baron 

28.7 Arden, Baron 
29.7 Sheffield (of 

Sheffield), Baron 
( Melville, Visct. 
24,12 \ Duneira, Baron 


22.1 ? Limeeick, Earl 

12.2 ?Clancarty, Earl 
4.8 Botetourt, Baron, 

confirmed by pat. 

:4-5 ( Powis 

Powis, Earl 

-~, Baron 
\ Herbei-t of Chir- 
^ bury, Baron 

1 2. 1 Sidmouth, Viscount 
1.5 Barham, Baron 

I Nelson, Earl 
20.11 j Merton of Trafal- 
v gar, Viscount 

1.2 ?Rendlesham, Bn. 
3.2 ?Rosse, Earl 
4.2 ?Gosford, Earl 
, , ? Normanton, Earl 

10.2 Erskine, Baron 
13.2 STempletown, F<. 
15.2 Ardrossan, Baron 

( Anson, Viscount 
17 2 ) Soberton, Baron 
20.2 MontEagle (of 

Westport), 5aron 
24.2 Granard, Baron 
26.2 Beauchamp, Baron 
9.4 Manvers, ^a?-? 

10.4 Orford, Earl 
I Grey, £"ari! 

11-4 \ Howick, Viscount 

28.5 jLorton, Viscount 
1 2. 1 1 Ailsa, Baron 

27.11 GARDNER,I?H.(cZ?«f.) 


7.4 Lonsdale, ^ar? 

20.4 Manners, Baron 
( Cathcart, Viscount 

9,11 ( Greenock, itarora 

3.2 Hopetoun, Baron 

t Haerowby, Earl 
19,7 j Sandon, Viscount 
i Wellington, Visct. 
4,9 ( Douro, Baron 

15.5 ?Kiltai*ton, Baron 


28.2 Wellington, ^lorr? 
I Northampton, Mq. 

7.9 < Compton, Earl • 

\ Wilmington^ay'ow 

( Camden, 3Iarquess 
" I Brecknock, Earl 

i Harewood, Earl 
" j Lascelles, Viscount 

i Mulgrave, Earl 
" ) Normanby, Fi'scf. 

3.10 W ellington, Ma rq. 

21.12 JDecies, Baron 
24.12 § Castlemains, Bn. 



r 7 .n 

22.11 < 

29.I 1 



( Minto, Earl 
\ Melgund, Viscount 


1 ' 5 { Douro, Marquess 
17.5 Combermere, Baron 
,, Niddry, Baron 

1.6 Gordon, Viscount 
,, Exmouth, Baron 

1.7 Stewart of Stewart's 

Court, Baron 

16.7 Cathcart, Earl 


4.7 Anglesey, Marquess 

4.8 Trench, Baron 

1 1.8 Meldrum, Baron 
,, Grinstead, Baron 
,, Foxford, Baron 
,, Churchill, Baron 
,, Harris, Baron 

12.8 Granville, Viscount 
Brownlow, Earl 
Alford, Viscount 
( Cholmondeley, 

( Rocksavage, Ea 

< Verulam, Earl 
24-11 \ Grhnston, Visct. 

St. Germans, Earl 
{ MORLEY, Earl 
\ Boringdon, Visct. 

< Bradford, Earl 
\ Newport, Viscount 
\ Beauchamp, Earl 

1,12 I Elmley, Viscount 

1 3. 1 I Londonderry. Mq. 
1 5. 1 §Ennismore and 
Listowel, Visct. 
16. 1 Hill of Almarez, 
Baron (Vt. Hill) 

!?Conyngham, Mq. 
\ Mount Charles, 
SSlane, Viscount 
( ^Sheffield, Earl 
" \ ijPevensey, Visct. 
,, \ Frankfort de 

Montmorency, Vt. 
,, ?Gort, Viscount 
5.2 I Mount Earl, Visct. 
25.10 De Grey, Earl 
10.12 Exmouth, Viscount 

•3.6 Colchester, Baron 

28.10 QGarvagh, Bamn 

George IV., 1820-30. 

14.6 Hutchinson, Visct. 
I Eldon, Earl 
7 ' 7 ( Encoinbe, Viscoimt 
Howe, Earl 
( Ailesbury, Marq. 

< Bruce, Earl 
\ Savernake, Visct. 
Ke r (of Kersheugh) , 

Minster, Baron 
Ormonde, Baron 
"Wemyss, Baron 
Silchester, Bar 

1821— con t. 
7.7 Oriel, Baron 
,, Ravensworth, Bn. 
,, Delamere, Baron 
,, Forester, Baron 
,, Glenlyon, Baron 
o ( Stradbroke, Earl 
I Dunwich, Viscount 
,, Rayleigh, Baron 

4.2 Temple of Stowe, 

($Kilmorey, Earl 
5.2 < $Newry &Mourne, 
' Viscount 
?Dunraven and 
Mount Earl, E. 
$Adare, Viscount 
Listowel, Earl 

Vane, Earl 
Seaham, Viscount 
3.12 Clancarty, Visct. 

30.1 Gifford, Baron 
1 17.6 "KNairne, B., restored 
rl 1825. 

29.10 ^Ormonde, Marques^ 

20.11 ?Clanricarde,3/5. 


[ 5-7 


, ( Bristol, Marquess 

30.0 ( Jermyn, 

5.7 Wigan, Baron 
6.7 Ranfurly, Baron 
12.7 Wharncliffe, Baron 
14.7 Feversham, Baron 
15.7 Seaford, Baron 
13.12 Somerhill, Baron 

{ Amherst, iiVzrZ 
19,12 ( Holmesdale, Visct. 

8.2 Combermere, Visct. 
28.4 Goderich, Viscount 
30.4 Tenterden, i?arow 

1.5 Plunket, Baron 
i ?Noubury, Earl 
\ '^Gla^ndine, Visct. 
, ( Cawdor, Earl 
'' \ Emlyn, Viscount 

Cowley, Baron 

23.1 Heytesbury, Baron 
26.1 Rosebery, Baron 
28.1 Olanwilliam, Bn. 
29.1 Durham, Baron 
30.1 Skelmersdale, Z?ar<?7i 


5.6 "Wynford, Baron 

William IV., 1830-7. 


\ Guillamore, Vt, 
$0' Grady, Baron 
\ Talbot of Mala- 

iii de, Baron 
?Malahide, Baron 
( Munster, Earl 
4.6 < FitzClarence,F?,5cf. 

( Tewkesbury, Bn. 
17.6 Kilmarnock, Baron 
20.6 Fingall, Baron 
,, Sefton, Baron 
,, Clements, Baron 
10.9 Ailsa, 3Iarquess 

1831— cont. 
( Burlington, Earl 
10.9] < Cavendish of 

( Keighley, Baron 
,, Chawoeth, Baron 
,, Dunmore, Baron 
,, Oakley, Baron 
,, Poltimore, Baron 
,, Mostyn, Baron 
,, Templemore, Baron 
t2.9 Camperdown, Earl 
1 3 . 9 Westminster, Ma rq . 
14.9 § Ranfurly, Earl 

,, Cloncurry, Baron 
15.9 Lichfield, Earl 

,, De Saumarez, Bn. 
30.9 Kenlis, Baron 

14.5 Godolphin, Baron 
22.12 Stanley of Bicker- 

staffe, Baron 

28.1 Sutherland, Duke 
13.3 Ripon, Earl 

( Durham, Earl 
23,3 ( Lambton, Viscount 

\ Granville, Earl 
IO ' 5 ( Leveson, Baron 

28.3 Denman, Baron 

13.6 £Carew, Baron 

19.7 Duncannon, Baron 

12. 1 Abinger, Baron 
13. 1 DeL'Isle and Dud- 
ley, Baron 
/ Canterbury, Vise. 
IO - 3 I Bottesford, Baron 

10.4 Ashburton, Baron 
1 r .5 Hatherton, Baron 

12.5 Strafford, i?arow 

13.6 Worlingiiam, Bn. 

20.1 Cottenham, -Bare?* 
22.1 Stratheden, Baron 
4.5 $Oranmore and 
Browne, Baron 
1837- ^ 
27.1 Effingham, Earl 
,, Portman, Baron 
o ( Ducie, i?arZ 

1 \ Moreton, Baron 
,, Lovat, Baron, con- 
( Yarborough, Earl 
30-1 ) Worsley, Baron 
,, Bateman, Baron 

1838— cont. 
2.7 Sudeley, Baron 

13.7 Methuen, Baron 

9.5 Stanley of Alder- 
ley, Baron 
1 1.5 Leigh, Baron 

12.5 Wenlock, Baron 
[4.5 Lurgan, Baron 


Brandon, Baron 
14.12SEATON, Baron 

30.6 Campbell (of St. 
Andrews) , Baron 

1 1 .8 OxenfoORD, Baron 
( Gainsborough, E. 

16.8 < C&mpden,V iscount 
( Noel, Baron 

18.8 Vivian, Baron 
„ Congleton, Baron 

Premier, Sir R. Peel. 

27.9 Hill, Viscount 


Clan Conal, Bn. 

25.4 Gough, Baron 
2.5 Hardinge, Viscount 
, / Ellesmere, 2?ar£ 
7 ( Brackley, Fiscownf 

Victoria, 1837-1901. 

Premier, Yt. Melbourne. 
tr.8 Innes, Earl 
o o I Leicester, Earl 
12 " ( Coke, Viscount 

25.6 Normanby, Marq. 
, { Lovelace, Earl 

30 * I Ockham, Viscount 
2.7 Zetland, i?a>-Z 
5.7 Kin tore, Baron 
7.7 Rossmore, J9aron 
9.7 Carew, Baron 

j 10.7 De Mauley, Itarow 

1 11. 7 Wrqttesljcy, .Z?/i; 

Prem., Lord J. Russell. 

o ( Strafford, Earl 
IS>9 ( Enfield, Viscount 
,, Acheson, i?aro?i 

20.9 Dartrey, Baron 


12.5 Eddisbury, Baron 

10.7 ?Bellew, Baron 


15.6 Gough, Viscount 
1 3. 1 1 Elgin, Baron 


22.1 Cland eboye, Baron 

4.3 Londesborough, 

, I Cottenham, £arZ 
11 ( Crowhurst, Visct. 

5.4 De Freyne, Baron 
Premier, Earl of Derby. 


1.2 Sr. Leonards, Bn. 

20.10 Raglan, Baron 

Prem., Vt. Palmerston. 

26.2 Aveland, i?arow 

12.3 Kenmare, Baron 

29.8 Belper, Baron 

10.9 $Fermoy, i?aron 

19.11 Talbot de Mala- 

hide, Baron 
( Cowley, E'a?-? 
( Dangan, Viscount 
Tc.9 Ebury, Baron 
1. 10 Skene, i?aro?i 

1 5. 1 CuiisfciHAM» Baron 

Historic Peerage. 


1858— conh. 
Premier, Earl of Derby. 

1.3 Chelmsford, Baron 

2.8 ChurstOn, Baron 

T i859 ~- i, 

14.4 JjECOnfielD, Baron 
i(5.4 Tredegar, Baron 

15.5 Egerton of Tatton, 


23.6 WintOn* Earl 
Prem., Tt. Palmerston. 
2S.6 Lyveden, Baron 

( Dudley, Earl 
17 ( Ednam, Viscount 

22.3 Brougham and 

Vaux, Baron 

1.9 Kinnaird, Baron 


15. c Herbert of Lea, 
27.6 Westbury, 2?a?-<m 

I Bussell, Earl 
3 °' 7 ' { Amberley, Fise*. 


/ Cromartie, ifarZ 
J Tarbat, Viscount 
21.10 . Castiehaven and 
' MacLeod, Baron 

19.8 Annaly, Baron 
20.8 Houghton, Baron 
14. 12? Athlumney, 2?a/-o« 

27.4 Buekhurst, Baron 

Premier, Earl Bussell. 

3.1 Eomilly, Baron 
4.1 Northbrook, Baron 
2t.2 Halifax, Viscount 

3.5 Meredyth, Baron 

1.6 Kimberley, ifarZ 

12.6 Kenry, Baron 

12.7 Dartrey, i?aW 
,, Monck, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 
13.7 Hartismere, Baron 
14.7 Lytton, Baron 

19.7 Hylton, Baron 
3.8 Penrhyn, Baron 

31.8 Brancepeth, 5aro« 


27.2 Caims, Baron 

Premier, Ben.x. Disraeli. 

14.4 Kesteven, Baron 
16.4 Ormatiiwaite, Bn. 
18.4 O'Neill, Baron 

6.7 Bridport, Viscount 
17.7 Napier of Mag- 

dala, Baron 
I Feversham, JfarZ 
5-7 i Helmsley, Fi'sc<. 

o i ?Abercorn, Duke 
10,0 ( } Hamilton, Mara. 
8.12G0RMANSTON, Baron 
2i.i2$Bathdonnell, Bn. 

Prem.,W.~E. Gladstone. 

4.4 Lawrence, Baron 
9.6 Dunning, Baron 
7.12BALINHARD, Baron 

1869— cont. 
8.12HARE, Baron 
95 12H0WARD oE Glos- 

sop, Baron 
10.12CASTDETOWN, Baron 
r1.12A.CTON, Baron 
i3.i2Bobartes, Baron 
14. 12 Wolverton, Baron 
15.12GREVILLE, Baron 

3.5 Kildare, Baron 
14. 6 O'Hagan, Baron 

28 3 Sandhurst, Baron 

23.6 Bipon, Marquess 
j Dufferin, Earl 

3 " 1 ( Clandeboye, Visa. 

16.7 Ettrick, Baron 
23.ioSelborne, Baron 


25.3 Breadalbane, Baron 

28.3 Portman, Viscount 

9.4 Somerton, Baron 

23.8 Aberdare, Baron 
„ 1874. 

9.1 Moncreiff, Baron 
10. 1 Coleridge, Baron 

12. 1 Emly, Baron 

27.2 Westminster, Z)«fo 
2.3 Cottesloe, ^arom 

Premier, B. Disraeli. 
(Earl of Beaconsfield) 
6.3 Hampton, Baron 
( connaught and 

24.5 ] Strathearn,Z>,'c. 
( Sussex, JFarZ 


1 1.6 Douglas (of Doug- 

las), Baron 
12.6 Bams ay (of Glen- 
mark), Baron 

( Gordon (Eich- 
{ mond&G.), Dk. 
13-1 ( Kinrara, Earl 
,, Fermanagh, Ba ron 

( Abergavenny,7)/<2. 
I4>1 I Lewes, ^arZ 
,, Harlech, Baron 

t Wharncliffe, i?. 
15,1 (Carlton, Viscount 
,, Alington, Baron 
17. 1 Tollemache, 2?«. 
18. 1 Gerard, Baron 

, j Northbrook, ifo/-? 
IO " { Baring, Viscount 
2.icSackville, Baron 

16.4 Norton, Baron 

4.5 Cranbrook, Viscount 
i Cairns, Earl 

27-9 ( Garmoyle, Visct. 

15.4 Shuts, Baron 
23.4 Bolsover, Baron 

a { Lytton, Earl 
24 \ Knebworth, Visct. 
29.4 Haldon, Baron 
30.4 Wimborne, Baron 

1.5 Ardilaun, .Barora 

3.5 Lathom, Earl 

,, Lamington, ^aron 

( Sondes, 2£"a?-Z 
40 ( Throwley, Visct. 
„ Donington, Baron 
5.5 Trevor, Baron 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 
26 5 Brabourne, Baron 


1 1. 3 Ampthill, Baron 
( Albany, Z>«7i;e 

24.5 < Clarence, Earl 
( Arklow, Baron 

6.ioTweeddale, Baron 
7.10H0WTH, Baron 
8.ioBeay, Baron 
io.ioDerwent, Baron 
ii.ioHotiifield, Baron 
i2.ioTweedmouth, Bn. 

25.Ti"Wolseley, Baron 

J Selborne, Earl 
30,12 ( "Wolmer, Viscount 

24.1 Tennyson, Baron 
4.3 Hampden, Viscount 

17.6 Strathspey, Baron 
4.11M0NK Bretton, Bn. 
5. 1 iNorthbourne, Bn. 

7. 1 iSudley, Bn. (E. of 

io.iiHerries, Baron 

26.6 Halsbury, Baron (S.) 
27.6 Powerscourt, Bn. 
28.6 Northington, Bn. 
29.6 Bothschild, Baron 

30.6 Bevelstoke, Baron 
(S.,cr. by Salisbury.) 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 

17 MONKSWELL, 2?A (G.) 

I Iddesleigh, Earl 
3-7 ( St. Cyres, Viscount 
4.7 Ashbourne, i?arow 
6.7 St. Oswald, iforon 

11. 7 /Breadalbane,^. 
(G.) \ Ormelie, Earl 
13.7 Fife, Earl (G.) 

24.7 Esher, Baron 


i8.iiDeramore, Baron 

29.12M0NTAGU of Beau- 
lieu, Baron 


3i.i 2 Colville of Cul- 
ross, Baron 

8.2 HERSCHELL,l?rc. (G.) 

15.2 Hillingdon, Baron 
16.2 Hindlip, Baron 

17.2 Grimthorpe, Baron 
(G., Gladstone.) 

Prem.,W. E. Gladstone. 

22.3 Stalbridge, Baron 
23.3 Kensington, Baroi< 

13.8 Burton, Ifo.,lst cr. 
14.8 Hamilton of Dal- 

zell, Baron 
16.8 Brassey, Baron 

Prem., M. of Salisbury. 
19.8 Cross, Viscount 
27.8 Stanley of Preston, 



4- 7 

5- 7 



Baron (life) 
( Londesborough, 
J Earl 

( Baincliffe, Viscount \ 
Bowes, Baron 
Monckton, Baron 
St. Levan, Baron 
Mag heramorne , Bn . 
Basing, Baron 
De Bamse?, Baron 
Cheylesmore, Bn. 
Addington, Baron 

23.2 Knutsford, Baron 
27.10SAVILE, Baron 

( Dufferin & Ava, 
1 7. 1 1 I 3farquess 
( Ava, Earl 

j Fife, Duke 
2 * -7 ( Macduff, Marquess 

19. 1 Iveagh, Baron 

23.6 Mount Stephen,2?«. 

15.7 Mash am, Baron 

14.8 Macdonald of 

io.iiHambleden, Vctss. 


20.2 Boberts 0? Kanda- 

har, Baron 

23.2 Kelvin, Baron 

7.4 Argyll, Z>«fce 
/ York, Z>w£e 

24.5 I Inverness, Earl 

( Killarney, Baron 

20.6 Cromer, Baron 

a j Zetland, Marq. 
22 • 8 ( Bonaldshay, JftxrZ 
i Cranbrook, ifarZ 
" ( Medway, Baron 
,, Ancaster, i'arZ 
„ Ashcombe, Baron 
24.8 Blythswood, 5/?. 
25.8 Crawshaw, Baron 

26.3 Amherst of Hack- 

ney, Baron 
27.8 Newton, Baron 
29.8 Dunleath, Baron 

Pmre.,W.E. Gladstone. 
3.9 Playfair, Baron 
5.9 BATTEtftSEA, Ua/'Ort 


9.6 Swansea, Baron 
22.6 Farrer, Baron 
23.6 Overtoun, £a?-ora 

24.6 Hawkesbury, 
21.8 Stanmore, Harare 


30.3 Bendel, Baron 

16.4 Welby, Baron 
Prem., EarlofBosebery 


9.5 Peel, Viscount 

, j Carrington, Earl 

10.7 { Wendover, Visct. 
18.7 Loch, Baron 

19.7 Crewe, ifarZ 
,, Wandsworth, 5m. 
25.7 Ashton, Baron 

4 6 

Introductio?i t 

3.8 Bukghclere, Baron 
Prem., M. op Salisbury* 
3.8 JtNUTSFORD, visa. 
5.8 Llandaffj Viscount 
,, James 1 of He'ke- 1 
foed, Baron I 
14.11RATHMOEE, Baron 
i6.iiGlenese, Baron 

3r.i Aldenham, Bdr On 
8.6 Heneage, Baron 
x-j.6 Boos of Belvoir, 
11. 8 Rosmead, Baron 

5.2 Kinneae, Baron 
6.2 Lister, Baron 

( Egerton of Tat- 
22.7 I ton, Earl 

{ Salford, Viscount 
23.7 FairliEj Baron 
24.7 Dawnay, Baron 
26.7 Ludlow, i?a?-cw 
27.7 HolmPatrick, Bn. 

28.7 Inverclyde, Baron 

23.8 Strathcona & Mt. 

Royal, Bn. (orig.) 
ii.iiEsheb, Viscount 
29.11 Burton, Baron 
(new patent) 
< Halseury, .E'arZ 
' * \ Tiverton, Viscount 
19. 1 Newlands, Baron 
20. 1 Farquhar, Baron 
1 1.6 Muncaster, i?arow 
1. 1 1 Kitchener of 

Khartoum, Baron 


tl.Il ?CuRZON OF KEdLE- 

f3fONj Baron 
iSg 9l 

55.1 Cromer, Viscount 
26.1 Glanusic, Baron 
?S.i Ckanworth, Baron 
2.8 Dorchester, 

(new creation) 

14. 11 Robertson, Bn (life) 


20.1 Noethcote, Baron 

22.1 Avebuey, Baron 

( Fife, Z>«fee (new 

24.4 < patent) 

( Macduff, Earl 

10.5 Lindley, Bn. (life) 

15.6 Killanin, Baron 
16.6 O'Beien, Baron 
18.6 Alverstone, Baron 
26.6 Strathcona & Mt. 

Royal, (new 

17.12 Gosciien, Viscount 

{Ridley, Viscount 
Wensleydale, Bn. 
("Roberts, Earl 

11.2 i St. Pierre, Viscount 

Edward VII., 1901. 

27.5 Milner, Baron 
00/ Cromer, Earl 
' \Errington, P^'sctf. 

( Wales, Prince 
9,11 ( Chester,, 

„ 1902. 

7 Kitchener of 
Khartoum, Viscti 

7 Colville off 

CuLeos3, Viscount 

7 ChUECHILL, FlSC0!<?Uj 

7 Milnee, Viscount 1 
, Kinross, Baron 
7 Shuttle worth, i>,7. 
7 Allerton, Baron 
7 Barrymore, Baron 
7 GrEnfell, Baron 
7 Knoll ys, Baron 
7 Redesdale, Baron 
ioLinlithgow, ilii?. 

Prem., A. J. Balfour. 

31.7 Burnham, Tfajm 
1.8 Biddulph, Baron 
3.8 Estcourt, Baron J 
4.8 Armstrong, Baron 

9.3 Dunedin, Baron 
6.7 Selby, Viscount 
I Plymouth, ZfarZ 

1 * T2 ) Windsor, Viscount 
,, Iveagh, Viscount 
,, LeithofFyvie, 7i«. 

19. 12 Althorp, Viscounty 

(U.-B.) 2nd cr. 

19.12 Atkinson, 2?«. (life) 

20.12 Sandkrson, Baron 

22.12 / Live rpool, iJar? 

(C.-B.) \ Hawkesbury,F. 

22.12 Ritchie of Dun- 
dee, Baron 

23.12 Waleran, Baron 

1905 — contt 
Lis KnAresborough, 

.12 Northclif'Ee, Bn. 
i,i2 Tredegar, Viscount 
., Michelham, Baron 
>.i2 Fa bee, Baron 
>.i2 Desborouqh, 


:.i St. Aldwyn, Fiscf. 

/■«., Sir H. Campbell- 
Ba.vnerman (also 2 
crs. of 1905 marked 
!.i Loeeburn, Baron 
).x Fitzmaurice, Baron 
). 1 Weardale, Baron 
c.i Haversham, Baron 
2.1 Hemphill, Baron 
3.1 Joicey, Baron 

5.1 Nunburnholme, Z?.>?. 

1.2 WlNTERSTOKE, 2?rt. 

3.2 Colebrooke, Baron 
}.7 Courtney of Pen- 

witii, Baron 
5.7 Eversley, Baron 
7. j Pierie, Baron 
3.7 Glantawe, Baron 
5.7 Armitstead, jSti?-0?i 
3.7 Allendale, J9a/-o» 


— Collins, Baron (life) 
2.7 Airedale, Baron 
,, Swaythling, ita/wi 
,, Blyth, Baron 
Peckover, Baron 



*#* The mark f denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish; * or unmarked, Imperial: ab., abeyant; dm., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Life Baronies see under " Life Peers," 
—Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind 
advice of Mr. Cokayne, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing idea that the name is 
Guelph he dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Christian name of a mediaeval Duke of Bavaria 
whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of Este, and it is from that couple that the Hanoverian line is 
descended. Hence B'Este (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his children) comes nearer to a correct name 
than the above, whilst Guelph, d'Este has been supplied us by another authority. But neither of these names 
can hold good any later than the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, Priuce of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and descended 
from the ancient Counts of Wettin, which has changed the present line to that of " Saxony " or " Saxe-Coburg," 
and presumably made Wettin its surname if it possesses one at all— both that word and D'Este being really local 

To save overcrowding, we have removed from the list the following titles every one of which is simply a different 
degree of another, of the same designation and house, which still exists : Auckland Eldm. ; Bantry Eldm. ; 
Castlemaine Vcty. ; Charlemont Eldm. ; De Vi:scr*Bny. ; Diqby Eldm. ; Drogheda Mqte. ; Ellenborougu Eldm. ; 
Falmouth Eldm. ; Farnham Eldm^: Fife Bny. ; IIill Bny. ; Kingston Bny. ; Lauderdale Bny. ; Mountnorris 

St. Vincent Eldm. ; Somkrs Eldm. ; Westmeath Mqte. 

Eldm. ; O'Neill §Vcty. & *Eldm. ; Ravensworth Eldm. 

Airey Bny. {Airey), 1876-81. 

Alcester Bny. {Seymour), 1882-95. 
?Aldborough Eldm. [Stratford), 1777-1875. 

Alvanley Bny. (Arden), 1801-57. 

Armstrong Bny. [Armstrong), 1887-1900. [Re- 
vived 1903.J 

AuDLEYBny. ( ThicJcnesse- Touchet), I3i3-i872(«5.) . 
Barrogill Bny. (Sinclair), 1866-89. 
Basset Bny. (Basset), 1797-1855. 
Bayning Bny. (Powlett), 1797-1866. 
Beaconsfield (pron. Beek-; the village, Beck-) 

Eldm. (Disraeli, pron. Dizrayly), 1876-81. 

(Pronunciations given by Mr. C. Disraeli). 
Beaconsfield Vcty. (Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 
Beauvale Bny. (Lamb), 1839-53. 
Beresford Vcty. (Beresford), 1823-54. 
Bexley Bny. (Vansittart), 1823-51. 

Blachford Bny. (Rogers), 1871-89. 
tBLANTYRE Bny. (Stuart), 1606-1900. 
JBlayney Bny. (Blayney), 1621-1874 (dm.). 

Bloomfield Bny. (Bloomfield), 1 1825 (*i87l) -79. 

Bouechier Bny. ( Townshend), 1342-1855 (dm.) 

Brampton Bny. (Hawkins), 1899-1907. 

Bramwell Bny. (Bramwell), 1882-92. 

Breadalbane Mqte., 1st cr. (Campbell), 1831-62. 

Broughton Bny. (Hobhouse), 1851-69. 

Buckingham and Chandos Dkdm. (Temple-N.- 
B.-G.-Grenville), 1822-89. 

Burdett-Coutts Bny. (B.-Coutts), 1871-1906. 
SCaher Bny. (Butler), 1583-1858 [dm.). 

Cambridge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 
Culloden Bny. (Roy. Fam.), 1801-1904. 

Canning Eldm. (Canning), 1859 (Vcty. 1828) -62. 

Cardwell Vcty. (Cardwell), 1874-86. 

Peerages ExtincU 

CarlingfOrd Bny, (Parkinson* Fortesc^e)) 1874-98; 
{ ChArleville Eldm* (Bitry), 1806*75:, 
\ Chatham Eldin; (Filt)) 1766-1833. 
; ClAnbraSsil Biiy. (/ocs?#tt)j 1821^974 [^iwH- 
i Clare ?Eldm. (FitzGibbon), 1795 (*Bliy. 1799) 
! Clarence and AvondAle Dkdm 5 (Roy. Fam.), 

I Clarence and St, Andrews Dkdm., arid. JMus- 

8TER Eldm. (Roy. Fam;), 1789-1837. 
^Clermont Eldm. (Fortescue), 1778-1829; *Bny. 

:\ Do. Buy. [Parkinson- Fortescue), 1852-98. 
Cleveland Dkdim ( Powlett), 1833-91. 
Clyde Bny. ( Campbell), 1858-63. 
, COlborne Bny. (Ridley -Colborne), 1839-54. 
Colonsay Bny. (M'Neill), 1867-74. 
Compton Bny. (Townshend), 1572-1855 (ab.). 
Conn'emara Bny. (Bourke), 1887-1902. 
Cornwallis Eldm., 1753-1852. 
Cowper Eldm. (Cowper), 1718-1905 (Lucas and 

tDingwall Bnies. remain). 
tCRANSTOUN Bny. (Cranstoun), 1609-1869. 
Cranworth Bny., older cr. (Rolfe), 1850-68. 
Crewe Bny. ( Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 

Eldm. 1895.] 
Ourrie Bny. (Currie), 1899-1906. 
! Dalling and Bulwer Bny. (Bulwer), 1871 -2. 
De Freyne Bny. older cr. (French), 1839-56. 
DeMontalt Eldm. (Maude), 1886-1905 (ijHawar- 

den Vcty. remains) . 
De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826-95. 
Dinorben Bny. (Hughes), 1831-52. 
Dorchester Bny. older cr. (Carleton), 1786-1897. 
Dorset Dkdm. (Sackville), 1720-1843. 
Douglas of Douglas Bny. (Douglas), 1790-1857. 
Dover Bny. (Agar-Ellis), 1831-99. [Clifden.] 
iDowNES Bny. (Burgh), 1822-64. 
\ Do. Do. (De Burgh), 1822-63. 
tDuFFUS Bny. (Sutherland-Dunbar), 1650-1876 

(under attainder 1715-1826). 
Dunfermline Bny. (Abercomby), 1839-68. 
; $Dungannon Vcty. (Hill- Trevor), 1765-1862. 
Edinburgh Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1900. 
Elphinstone Bny. (Elphinstone), 1859-60. [Re- 
vived 1885; +Bny. remains.] 
Ennishowen and Carrickfergus Bny. 

(Chichester) 1841-83. [Donegall.] 
Eversley Vcty. (Sh*w-Lefevre), 1857-88. [Re- 
vived as Bny. 1906. J 
Farnborough Bny. (May), 1886 only. 
Ferrers of Chartley Bny. (Townshend), 1299- 

1855 (dm.). 
Field Bny. (Field), 1890-1907. 
FitzGerald and VESEvBnv. ( Vesey-Fitz Gerald), 

? FitzGerald 1826-60, *Vesey 1835-43. 
Fitzhardinge Eldm. (Berkeley), 1841-57. [An 
offshoot from Berkeley Eldm.] 
I Fitzwalter Bny. (Bridges), 1868-75. 

Gardner Bny. (Gardner), 1806 ($i8oo)-83(<Zm.). 
Glenelg Bny. (Grant), 1835-66. 
JGlengall Eldm. (Butler), 1816-58. 
Gloucester and Edinburgh Dkdm. and \ Con- 
naught Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1764-1834. 
; : Grey de Radcliffe Bny. (Egerton), 1875-85. 
Haliburton Bny. (Haliburton), 1898-1907. 
Hamilton Bny. (Hamilton), 1831-68. [Belhaven.] 
Hammond Bny. (Hammond), 1874-90. 
Hanmer Bny. (Hanmer), 1872-81. 
Harborough Eldm. (Sherard), 1719-1859. 
Hastings Mote. (Rawdon- Hastings), 1816-68. 
Hatherley Bny. (Page- Wood), 1868-81. 
Hobhouse Bny. (Hobhouse), 1885-1904. 
' Holland Bny. (Fox), 1763-1859. 

Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hood), 1892-1901. 
Howden Bny. (Caradoc), 1831 (5l8ig)-73. 

HunSdOn Bny; ( Gary)) i83Q'84* 

Inverness Dkdm; ( Undtrsbood)*, 1840-73'^ 

KeAnB Bny. (Keane); i8^g s idbi. 

Keith Vcty. (ElphinStone)) 1814^23 ; \ Bny,, 1797- 

KelheAD Bny. (Doiiglash 1893=44 [1867. 

Kent And Strathearn Dkdm. and 3 Dublin 

Eldm. (Roy. Fam), 1799-1820. 
KiNd-SDOWN Bny. (Leigh), 1858-67. 
Kingston Bny. (King), 1821-69. 
Kxightley Bny. (Knightlcy), 1892-5. 
Lanerton Bny. (Howard), 1873-80. 
Langdale Bny. (Bickersteth), 1836-51. 
Leicester Eldm., one of the older creations j 

(Townshend), 1784-1855. 
Leighton Bny. (Leighton), 1896 only. 
Lingen Bny. (Lingen), 1885-1905. 
Lisgar Bny. ( Young), 1870-6. 
JLismore Vtcy. ( C Callagahn) , i8o6(*Bny. 1838) -98. 
Liverpool Eldm.(</e«£tnso«),i798-i85i. [Revived 


Llanover Bny. (Hall), 1859-67. 

Lyndhurst Bny. (Copley), 1827-63. 

Lyons Vcty. (Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i8s6)-87. 

Macaulay Bny. (Macaulay), 1857-9. 

Malcolm of Poltalloch Bny. (Malcolm), 1896- 

1902. \ 
Marjoribanks Bny. (Robertson), 1873 only. 
i Maryborough Bny. (Pole- T.-L.- Wellesley) T \ 


MAYNARDVcty.( J/ayttrt/'tZ), i766($Bny. i620)-i865. 
^Melbourne Vcty. (Lamb), 1781 (*Bny. i8i5)-i853, 
I-Melfort Eldm. (Drummond), 1686-1902 (dm.). 
Melrose Bny. (Hamilton), 1827-58. 
Milford Bny. (Philipps) ; 2nd cr. 1847-57. I 
JMilltown Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-1891 (dm.). 
Montford Bny. (Bromley), 1741-1851. j 
*Moore, Bny. (Moore), 1801-1902. [Drogheefai.] j 
Mount Temple Bny. (Cowper- Temple), i88e>-8. 
JNetterville Vcty. (Netterville), 1622-1882. 
Northwick Bny. (Rushout), 1797-1887. 
?Ongley Bny. ( Henley- Ongley), 1776-1877. 
Ossington Vcty. (Denison), 1872-3. 
Overstone Bny. (Loyd), 1850-83. 
Oxenbridge Vcty. (Monson), 1886-98. 
Oxford Eldm. (Harley), 1711-1853. 
SPalmerston Vcty. (Temple), 1722-1865. 
Panmure Bny. (Maule-Ramsay), 1831-74. 
Pauncefote Bny. (Pauncefote), 1899-1902. 
Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 
Pirbright Bny. (De Worms), 1895-1903. 
Pomfret Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 
PoNSONBY(oflmokilly) Bny. (Ponsonby), 1806-66. 
Prudhoe Bny. (Percy), 1816-65. 
SRanelagh Vcty. (Jones), 1 628-1885. 
Redesdale Eldm. (Freeman-Mitford), 1877 (Bny. | 

i8o2)-86. [Revived igc2.] 
Rivers Bny. (Pitt-Rivers), 1802-80. 
$ Riversdale Bny. (Tonson), 1783-1861. 
^ROKEBYBny. (Montagu-Robinson), 1777-1883. | 
Rookwood Bny. (Sehvin-Ibbetson), 1892-1902. j 
Ross Bny. (Boyle), 1815-90. 
Rossie Bny. (Kinnaird), 1831-78. 
Rowton Bny. (Lowry-Corry) , 1880-1903. 
St. Helier Bny. (Jeune), 1905 (3 mosj. I 
St. Maur Eldm. (St. Maur), 1863-85. 
Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1S91-3. 
■("Selkirk Eldm. (Douglas), 1640-1885 (dm.) 
Shand Bny. (Shand) 1892-1904. 
Sherbrooke Vcty. (Lowe), 1880-92. j 
+Somerville Bny. (Somerville), 1430-1870 (dm.). j 
?Strangford Vcty. (Smythe), 1628 (*Penshurst ji 

Bny. 1825) -1869. 
Stratford de Redcliffe Vcty. (Canning), 1852- 

w ; j 

Strathnairn Bny. (Rose), 1866-85. \ 



Strathspey Bny, (Oyilvie- Grant), 1858-84, 
Stuart de DEciEsBny. (VilUers^- Stuart), 1839-74 

Sussex Dkdm, and Inverness Eldm. (Roy. 
Earn.), 1801-34. 

Sydney Eldm. (Townsh&nd), 1874 (Boy, 1783) *go. 

Taunton Bny. (Labouchere), 1859-69. 
sThomond Mqte. ( O'Brien), 1800 (*Bny. i8oi)-55. 

Turing Bny. (Thring), 1886-1907. 
+Traquair Eldm. (Stuart), 1683-1861 (dm,)* 

Truro Bny. ( Wilde), 1850-99. 

?Tyrconnell Eldm, (Garpentsr), 1761-1853. 
Wantage Bny. (Loyd'L-indsay), 1885-1901, 
Warrington Eldm, (Grey), 1769*1883, 
Waveney Bny. (Adair), 1873-86, 
Wenman Bny. ( Wykeham), 1834-70S 
Wensleydale Bny. (Parke), 1856-68. [Revived 

Winmarleigh Bny. (Wilson- Patten), i874-g2 l 
York and Albany Dkdm. and § Ulster Eldm. 
(Roy. Earn.), 1784-1827. [York revived 1892, 
Albany 1881, *Ulster 1866-1900.] 


This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its 
proceedings, however, are not published ? and, except in the rare instances of a general 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an honourable sinecure. A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign's will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. Tbe number, 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are some 280 in 
the Council of Great Britain and 70 in that of Ireland (but some 20 of these are members 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of "Rt. 
Hon. " The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined 
as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates in Council, to propose 
matters from the Sovereign," and report the issue. The Sovereign with its advice 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The J udicial Committee of the Privy 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but 
only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments in the law. The 
former judicial functions of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the 
Colonial Judges have been recently added to this Committee. 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ireland, though Scotland is content to 
participate in the larger and more important one, the former being concerned solely with 
Irish affairs. The members of both Councils range down from the first Prince of the 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of " Right 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their 
position as Councillors except by the added letters " P. C. ; " and " Right Honourable " 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of " Most Honourable " or "His Grace." 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged in accordance 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to familiarise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members, Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England, then two of Scotland (Buccleuch and Argyll, 
whose older titles are Scottish), next three of Great Britain (Portland, Manchester, and 
Northumberland), and then one of the United Kingdom (Fife). The Marquesses follow 
on the same system. Next come the Earls, headed by a Household official, and 
followed by younger sons of Dukes ; next the Viscounts, headed like Earls and followed 
by an Earl's eldest son ; one Marquess's younger son ; the Bishop of London (ex officio, 
as are the Archbishops) ; the Barons ; the Speaker ; Secretaries of State not Peers ; 
Earls' younger sons ; and now the Table reaches the grade of the Privy Council itself, 
from which point all distinctions are disregarded — Baronets, Knights, and Viscounts' 
and Barons' younger sons — and we proceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while 
recognising the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for 
practical use a list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of entry 
the member belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an /. denotes that of Ireland ; 
and G. B. & I. marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official 

The, Privy Council. 


list the members are termed Privy Counselors, which is correct in view of the wise 
counsel they are supposed to give \ but they are equally Councilors as being members of 
a Council. The Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 

Lord President of the Council^ The Earl of Crewei 
President of Irish Council, H.E. The Lord Lieutenant, Earl of Aberdeen, GiM.P. 
..I. 1887 

Aberoorn, Duke of, e.g. 
Aberdeen, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 

G.B. 1886; I. 190 

Acland, Arthur H. Dyke 189 

Airedale, Lord igo 

Allendale, Lord 1907 

Allerton, Lord. . . . G.B. 1890 ; 1. 1891 

Althorp, Vise 1892 

! Alverstone, Lord, 1900 

Ancaster, Earl of 1880 

I Andrews, Thomas I. 1903 

Andrews, William D I. 1897 

Argyll, Duke of, k.t 1875 

Ashbourne, Lord ..1. 1877; G.B. 1885 

Ashcombe, Lord 1880 

Ashley, Hon. Evelyn M 1891 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., k.c 1392 

Atkinson, Lord 1. 1892 

Avebury, Lord 1890 

Balfour, Arthur J., G. B. 188s ; I. 1887 
Balfour, Gerald W., I.1895 ; G.B. 1900 
Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, k.t. . 1892 
Bannerman (Campbell-), Sir Hy., 

G.C.B G.B. 1884 ; I. 188s 

Barnes, Sir Jno. Gorell 1905 

Barrymore, Lord I. 1896 

Barton, Hon. Sir Edmund, k.c, 

g.c.m.g 1901 

Beauchamp, Earl, k.c.m.g 1906 

Belmore, Earl of I. 1867 

Belper, Lord . . 1895 

Bertie, Hon. Sir Fras. L., k.c.b. 1903 
Birrell, Augustine, k.c. 

G.B. 1905; I. 1907 
Blennerhassett, Sir Rowld.,Bt. I. 1905 
Bond, Hon. Sir Robt., k.c.m.g... 1902 

Bonser, Sir Jno. W 1901 

Booth, Charles , 1904 

Botha, Gen. Louis 1907 

Brackenbury, Gen. Sir Henry, 

g.c.b 1904 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g 1880 

Brownlow, Earl 1887 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford 1904 

Bruce, Sir Henry H., Bt I. 1889 

Bruen, Henry I. 1880 

Brunner, Sir Jno. T., Bt 1906 

Bryce, James, o.M. G.B. 1892; 1. 1906 
Buccleuch Duke of, k.g., k.t. .. xgoi 

Buckley, Sir Henry B 1906 

Buller, Gen. Sir Redvers H., 

g.c.b 1. 1887 

Burghclere, Lord 1892 

Burns, Jno 190s 

Burt, Thos 1905 

Buxton, Sydney Chas 1905 

Cadogan, Earl, k.g 1885 

Campbell, Jas. Alex 1898 

Campbell, Jas. H. Mussen — I. 1905 

Canterbury, Arohbp. of 1903 

Carlisle, Alexander M I. i9°7 

Oarrington, Earl, g.c.m.g. ...... 1881 

Carson, Sir Edwd. H., k.c. 

I. 1896; G.B. 1905 
Cartwright, Sir Richard J., 

g.c.m.g 1902 

Cassel, Sir Ernest, g.c.m.g. 190a 

Causton, Richd. K 1905 

Cavendish, Victor C. W. i9°5 

Cawdor, Earl . . , *9°§ 

Chamberlain, Joseph . . > i33o 

Chamberlain, J. Austen 1902 

Chaplin, Henry 1885 

Charles, Sir Arthur 1903 

Chatterton, Hedges E. I. 1867 

Cherry, Richd. Robt., k.c I. 1905 

Chesterfield, Earl of 1894 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 190X 

j Christian, H.R.H. Prince, k.g. 1894 
I Churchill (Spencer-), Winston L. 1907 

Clarendon, Earl of, g.c.b 1900 

Clonbrock, Lord, k.t I. 1898 

Cohen, Arthur, k.c. 1905 

Coll, Sir Patrick, k.c.b I. 1905 

Collings, Jesse 1892 

Collins, Lord 1897 

Colomb, Sir James, k.c.m.g. ..T. 1903 
Connaught, H.R.H. Duke of 

G.B. 1871; I. 1900 
Cork & Orrery, Earl of, k.p. . . 1866 
Courtney of Penwith, Lord .... 1889 

Coventry, Earl of 1877 

Crewe, Earl of 1892 

Cromer, Earl of, g.c.b., o.m 1900 

Cross, Vise, g.c.b 1874 

Crossley, Sir Savile B., Bt 1902 

Curzon of Kedleston, Lord . . . 

Dalrymple, Sir Chas., Bt 1905 

Darley, Sir F. M., g.c.m.g 1905 

Dartmouth, Earl of 1885 

Day, Sir Jno. Chas 1902 

De Bunsen, Sir Maurice W. E.. . 1906 

Denman, Lord 1907 

Derby, Earl of, k.g 1878 

De Villiers.Hon.Sir John Henry, 

k.c.m.g 1897 

Devonshire, Duke of, k.g. 

G.B. 1866; I. 1871 

Dickson, Chas. Scott, k.c 1903 

Dickson, Thos. A I. 1893 

Dilke, Sir Chas. W., Bt 1882 

Dimsdale, Sir Joseph C, Bt., 

K.CV.0 1902 

Dorington, Sir Jno., Bt 1902 

Douglas (Akers-), Aretas 1891 

Ducie, Earl of 1859 

Dudley, Earl of 1902 

Dunedin, Lord 1856 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, Earl 

of, k.p I. 1899 

Durand,SirH.Mortimer,G.c.M.o. 1901 
Dyke, Sir William Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880 ; I. 1885 
Edwards, Lt.-Col. Sir Fleetwood 

Isham, 1895 

Egerton, Sir Edwin Hy., g.c.m.g. 1904 
Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, k.g. 1886 

Ellis, Jno. E 1905 

Erne, Earl of, k.p 1902 

Eversley. Lord 1880 

Falkiner, Sir Fredk. R., k.c... I. 1905 
Fane (Ponsonby-), Hon. Sir 

Spencer C. B., g.c.b xgoi 

Farquhar, Lord 1907 

Farquharson, Robt., m.d 1906 

Farwell, Sir George xoo6 

Fellowes, Hon. Aiiwyn Edwd 

Fife, Duke of, k.t i83o 

Fingall, Earl of I. 1892 

Finlay, Sir Robt. B., q.c.m.g., 

K.C 1903 

FitzGibbon, Gerald. .T. 1879; G.B. 1900 
Fletcher (Aubrey-), Sir Henry, 

Bt., C.B IOOX 

Foljambe, Fras. J. Savile 1893 

Forrest, Hon. Sir John, g.c.m.g. 1897 
Forster (Arnold-), Hugh 0. .... 1903 

Foster, Sir B. Walter 1905 

Fowler, Sir Henry H., o.c.s 
Fry, Sir Edward, g.c.b. . . . 

Fry, Lewis 1901 

George ( Lloyd- ) , David 1905 

Gibson, John G I. 1887 

Gladstone, Herbert J 1894 

Goldie, Sir George D. T., k.c.m.g. 1898 

Gorst, Sir John E., k.c 

Goschen, Sir Wm. Edwd., 1905 

Granard, Earl of 1907 

Grenfell, Lord, g.c.b 1903 

Grey, Sir Edwd., Bt 1902 

Griffith, Hon. Sir Samuel W., 

G. C.M.G 1901 

Gurdon, Sir Wm. B., k c.m.g. . . 1907 

Haldane, Richd. B., k.c 1902 

Halsbury, Earl of 1885 

Halsey, Thos. Fredk X901 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 1878 

Harcourt, Lewis 1905 

Hardingo, Hon. Sir Chas. H. 

k.c.m.g 1904 

Hardy (Cozens ), Sir Herb. H. . . 1901 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 1900 

Haversham, Lord 1894 

Hay (Dalrymple-), Adm. Sir 

Jno. C, Bt., g.c.b 1874 

Hemphill, Lord T. 1895 

Heneage, Lord 1886 

Hertford, Marq. of , c b 1879 

Hibbcrt, Sir Jno. T., k.c.b 1S86 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 1885 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Hon. Sir Albt. 

H. , k.c.m.g 190a 

Hobhouse, Henry 190a 

Hogg, Jonathan I. 1902 

Holmes, Hugh I. 1885 

Hood (F. -Acland-), Sir Alex., Bt. 1904 

Huntly, Marq. of x88i 

James of Hereford, Lord 1885 

Jameson, Leander S., m.d X9°7 

Jersey, Earl of, g.c.b 1890 

Johnson, Wm. Moore I. 1881 

Kekewich, Sir Arthur 1906 

Kelvin, Lord,, f.r.s 1902 

Kennaway, Sir John H., Bt. . . . 1897 

Kennedy, Sir Wm. R. 1907 

Kenny, Wm. (Justice) I. 1902 

Kenrick, William 1899 

Kingston, Hon. Charles C, k.c 1897 

Kintore, Earl of, g.c.m.g x835 

Knox, Sir Ralph H., k.c.b 1903 

Knutsford, Vise, g.c.m.g 1885 

Labouchere, Henry 1905 j 



Lansdowne, Marq, of, k.g. 
Lascelles, Sir Frank C , g.c.b. 
Laurier, Hon. Sir Wilfrid, k.c 

G.C.M.G , 1807 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 1S51 

Lin dley, Lord sSSi 

Linlithgow, Marq. of, k.t 189s 

Lister, Lord, f.r.s 1902 

Llandaff, Vise 1886 

Lookwcod, Lt. - Col. A. R. M., 

cv.o 1905 

London, Bishop of 1901 

Lon donderry, Marq. of, e.g. 

G.B. i835 ; 1. 1892 
Long, Walter H. . . G.B. 1895 ; I. 1905 

Lopes, Sir L. Massey, Bt i03s 

Loreburn, Lord 1935 

Lowther, James Wm 1898 

Lyall, Sir Alfred, g.c.i.e 1902 

Lyttelton, Hon. Alfred, k.c 1903 

Macartney, Wm. G. E 1900 

MacDonald.SirClaudeM. .g.c.m.g 1906 
Macdonald, Sir J ohn H. A.,k.c.b. 1835 
MacDonnell, Sir Antony P„ 

g.c.s.i G.B. 1902; I. 1903 

M'Ewan, William 1907 

M'Kenna,' Reginald 1907 

Macnaghten, Lord 1887 

Macnaghten (Workman-), Sir F. 

E., Bt I. 1305 

Madden, Dodgson II I. 1839 

Malet, Sir Edwd. B., Bt., g.c.b. 1883 

Manchester, Duke of 1906 

Marlborough, Duke of 1899 

MatheW, Sir Jas. C 1901 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E., Bt 1897 

Mayo, Earl of I. 1900 

Meath, Earl of I. 18S7 

Mellor, Jno. Wm. , k. c 1886 

Midleton, Vise 1897 

Milner, Vise, g.c.b 1901 

Milncr, Sir Frederick G., Bt. .. 1900 

Minto, Earl of, g.m.s.i 1902 

Monson,Hon. Sir E. J.,Bt.,o.c.B. 1893 

Moor, Fredk. Robt 1907 

Morley, Arnold 1892 

Morley, John G.B. & E 1S86 

Moulton, Sir Jno. Fletcher 1906 

Mount Edgeumbe, Earl of, 

G.C.V.0 1879 

Mowatt, Sir Fras., g.c.b 1906 

Nicoison, Sir Arthur, Bt., k.c.b. 1905 

Noel, Hon. Gerard J. 1874 

Norfolk, Duke of, k.g 1895 

North, Sir Ford 1900 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 1874 

O'Brien, Lord . ■. , ■, , ... t. *38 a 

O'COnor, Sir Nicholas riij g.c.b. ( 1896 

Onslow, Earl of f c.cM.0. . . . : 1903 

Ormondes Marq. of, kip. . . . i . <T. 1902 

Otway, Sir Arthur J,, Et i £885 

Paget, Sir Richd. H., Bt iSgs 

Falles, Christopher. .1. 1872; G.B. 1892 

Palmer, Geo. W 1906 

Parker, Chas. Stuart 1907 

Pearson (Ld,), Sir Chas. J 1891 

Peel, Vise 1884 

Pembroke & Montgomery, Earl 

of, o. cv.o 1895 

Pirrie, Lord E 1897 

Piunkett, Hon. Sir Horace C, 

s.c.v.o I. 1897 

Plymouth, Earl of , c.n 1891 

Poltimorc, Lord 1872 

Porter, Sir Andrew M., Bt. . ..I. 1S83 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 18S6 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M., 

g.c.b., 1901 

Ranfurly, Earl of, g.c.m.g I. 1905 

Rathmore, Lord 1880 

Rayleigh, Lord, o.m 1905 

Reay, Lord 1905 

Reid, Hon. George II 1897 

Revelstoke, Lord 1902 

Ribblesdale, Lord 1892 

Ridge way, Sir J. West, g.c.b. .. I. 1389 

Ripon, Marq. of, k.g 1363 

Roberts, Fd.-Mrsh. Earl, k.g., 

k.p., I. 1895; G.B. 1901 

Robertson, Lord i833 

Robertson, Edmund, k.c 1905 

Robinson, Sir Hy. Aug., k.c.b. I. 1902 

Romer, Sir Robert, g.c.b 1899 

llosebery, Earl of, k.g., k.t i83i 

Ross, John (Justice) I. 1902 

Rothschild, Lord, g.c.v.o 1902 

Round, James 1902 

Rumbold, Sir Horace, Bt., g.c.b. 1896 

Russell, Geo. W. Erskine 1907 

St. Aldwyn,Visc G.B. & I. 1S74 

Salisbury, Marq. of, c.n 1903 

Sandars, Jno. S 1905 

Sandhurst, Lord, g.c.s.i 1906 

Satow, Sir Ern. M., g.c.m.g 1906 

Scoble, Sir Andrew R., k.c.s.i. 1901 

Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, 

Scfton, Earl of 

Selbome, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 

Selby, Vise 

Shaw, Thomas 

Shuttleworth, Lord 

Sinclair, Capt. Jno 


Sinclair, Thplrias .u.u r .. t X *M 
Slane'y (Kenyon-), Cel. WHi, S. 1904 
Smith, Sir G CleMenti, s.c.H.6. x$od 

Smith, Jas. Parker ; • . ■ i9°4 

Somerset, Lord Henry B. 0. . . id74 

Spencer, Earl, k.g nu. 1859 

Sprigg, Hon. Sir John G;, 

g.c.m.g. 1... 1897 

Stalbridge, Lord 1872 

Stanley, Lord .-,;..<. 1903 

Stirling, Sir James 1900 

Strong, Sir Samuel Henry 1897 \ 

Sudeley, Lord 188& 

Suffield, Lord, g.c.v.o 1886 

Talbot, Jno. Gilbert 1897 

Tasehereau, Hon. Sir Henri 

E., k.c 1904 

Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g 1905 

Thurlow, Lord 1886 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, Bt. 

G.B. & I. 18S2 
Tupper, Hon. Sir Chas., Bt., 

g.c.m.g 1907 

Turner,IIon. Sir Gcorge,K.c m.g. 1897 

Tweedmouth, Lord 1886 

Waldegrave, Earl 1897 

Waleran, Lord 1899 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, k.g. 

&c G.B. 1894; L 1897 

Walker, Sir Samuel, Bt I. 1885 

Ward, Sir Jos. Geo., k. cm. c. .. 1907 

Wason, Eugene 1907 

Watson, Robt. Spence 1907 

Way, Hon. Sir Samuel Jas., Bt. . . 1897 

Wenlock, Lord, g.c.s.i 1901 

West, Sir Algernon E., g.c.b. .. 1894 

Westmeath, Earl of . . I. 1902 

Wharton, John LI 1897 

Whiteley, George 1007 

Whiteway, Hon. Sir William V., 

K.C. M.G 1897 

Williams, Sir Roland L. B. V. 1897 

Wilis, Sir Alfred 1905 

Wilson, Sir Arthur, k.c.i.e 1002 

Wodehouse, Edmond R 189S 

Wolff, Sir H. Drummond, g.c.b. 1885 
Wolseley, Fd. -Marsh. Vise, 

K.r., TS€ I. 1890 

Wortley (Stuart-), Chas. B., k.c. 1896 

Wrench, Fredk. W X. 1902 

Wyndham, George, 1. 1900; G.B. 1902 

Yar borough, Earl of 1890 

York, Arch bp. of 1891 

Young, John I. i885 

Young, Robert I. 1907 

Zetland, Marq. of, k.t 1889 

(Mi of ike Counc.—Gi.Brit., Almeric W.FitzRoy,c.v.O. j Ircl. , Sir Jas. B. Dougherty, c.b. 
Dep. CIL Gt. Brit., Jas. II. Harmon, M.v.o. Registrar, Edwd. Stanley Hope, c.b. 


General Remarks.— This degree, as was noticed above, grew out of a lower division 
of the rank of Barons. We meet with the phrase " Barones et Baronetti" so early as 
1321, whilst in 1340 an hereditary Baronet Avas made of William de la Pole. " Other 
Baronetcies," says Mr. Pixley in his very informing work, 'History of the Baronetage,' 
" were similarly created, . . . but, with the exception of a few cases in Ireland, the 
dignity had not been regularly hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First 
it had become practically unknown." The term was often confused with that of 
" Banneret," so that in the case of Sir Ralph Fane, who was awarded the "dignitas 
Baronetti " by Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really 
designed, and evident that at most it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the First in 161 1 the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 

jthe Baronetage. 


mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage 4 It is linked with the nobility 
by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone^ the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has much the 
appearance of a specialised order of Knighthood— by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membership of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence below 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there are at present scarcely 
any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the con- 
sequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies are 
cropping up and pestering us year after year. (See the paragraph on "Claimant 
Baronets " facing the Preface.) Every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register 
his pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
1612' five new privileges were granted, of which one was the right for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up 
to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in 
later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874 ; but other applications have proved unsuccessful, 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen 
(armigeri) "of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 
j lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has wholly ceased, though, 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed 
! to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy 
to a female— Dame Mary Bolles, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under " Descent of Peers " we 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow through a female 
• parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number 
! of Baronets enjoy Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in 
! the English and Irish divisions no badge whatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 7, 8. Early in the late reign an effort was 
made by the whole bod3 r of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because " too much was asked ; " but 
the recently founded "Standing Council of the Baronetage" (to whom we are under 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of their seat (or of that of the founder of 
: their line, as they may prefer) ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical with their own [e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) our northern friends 
often substitute "Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronetesses, 
but the word is scarcely ever used; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian 
name, or "Dame " with the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they have the special privilege of 
retaining after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers their 
correct style is given on pages 25-7, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager"). Designation of a Baronet, Sir A. B., Baronet or Bt. 

Baronets of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.— We have here 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under the Peers : Baronets created 
\ y'rf L j from 1611 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronets of England;" from that 
I I mffl date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets 
5 IWJ of the United Kingdom "—the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
I the first only, and the Irish by the side of first and second. The English 

I * The occasion of the starting of the Council was this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
[ between the issue of other Barons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
:| breach of faith. But the only alternative to the course taken would have been the use of the form "Younger 
M sons of Barons and all sons of Life Barons," these latter having no precedence of eldest sons over younger. 

52 Introduction, 

degree was instituted by James the First in 1611, ostensibly for the purpose of providing 
means to effect the settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 
awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot^soldiers at eightpence per day 
for three years ; the total of this was about .£1095, and the first year's instalment was 
to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to 
the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 
increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about 
930 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title ( but on the same 
day with a number now Peers) was Sir Nicholas Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt. ), 
afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier 
Baronet of England (see remark under the name in the Directory). The name of Sir 
Robert J. Dash wood is cited as Premier Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir 
Henry M. Vavasour as of "the United Kingdom ; " but of course the junior Baronet in 
an earlier series takes precedence of the premier in a later one. 

Baronetsof Scotland and Nova Scotia.— As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 
and the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain "or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction between Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottish Baronets in 1775. This 
degree was planned by James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
Scotland " to Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling ; but owing to the King's 
death the design was left to be carried out by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet, he having already received 
from King James the baronetcy of Galloway in New Scotland (his descendant Sir Robert 
Glendonwyn Gordon holding the premier distinction still). The number of the degree 
was not to exceed 150, and to each of these, on payment of a sum of about £2000, was 
to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres " of good land." No service was required from them, 
nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried out the scheme of colonisation : the 
raising of money to the Crown was the one great concern. Sir William Alexander, who 
first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, 
Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet 
Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, 
consisting in an enamelled decoration worn from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbon, 
and containing the arms of Scotland displayed upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne 
upon a larger one charged with a St. Andrew's Cross, and surmounted by a crown, the 
whole within an oval bearing the motto "Fax mentis honestae gloria" (Glory, the 
beacon-light of the noble mind). This badge was substituted for the originally intended 
arms of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles conferred the crest, which is a branch of 
laurel and a thistle issuing from two conjoined hands, the one armed and the other 
naked, with the motto, "Munit hoec, altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baronets of Ireland. — These all necessarily date from prior to the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
I gv r i James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
wffl account given under that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
l^LjJ Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 1621; 
the Baronetcy merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous year 
and is apparently the very first that was granted. In Ireland as in England there had 
very early existed an hereditary rank bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was 
Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These 
were descendants of certain "lesser Barons" whom Edward the Third had summoned 
to Parliament for a special object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their 
baronial rank sunk to that of Baronets. 

Historic Baronetage. 


*** As under the Peers, t denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § an Irish Baronetcy; all others are 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United Kingdom. Peers who are Baronets are given in parentheses. A surname 
not that of the original Baronetcy is followed hy the latter in square brackets. 

1660 —cont. 

7.6 (Winchilsea, E. of, 
2nd cr.) 

,, Langham 
„ Palmer of Carlton 
22.6 Kobinson of London 
25.6 (Hastings, Bn.) 
„ (Stanley of A., Bn.) 
, , Bowyer, Denham line 
26.6 Shuckburgh 

28.6 (St. John of B., Bn.) 

4.7 Dixie 
137 Clerke 

„ Boothby 

19.7 Honywood 

2.8 (Northumbd., D. of) 

1 1.8 Wheler 

26.9 Swinburne 

21.11 (Onslow, E. of) 
3.12 (Headley, Bn., isfc cr.) 

11.12 Fagge 
24.12 Frankland 
1 20.12 Legard 
i 1661. 
j 2.1 Bedingfeld (Paston-) 
118.2 Colleton 
21.2 Beaumont 
23.2 Smythe 

26.4 Cayley 

10.5 Cooke of Wheatley 
15.5 Clement (Ashburn- 

ham-) [Ash- 

18.5 Jenkinson 

17.6 Bulkeley (Wins.-) 
I [Williams] 
1 2.8 Carew 

i 7.8 Milbanke of Hainaby 
i 9.9 ($Egmont, E. of) 

28.11 Smijth (Bowyer-) 

j 24. 1 Trevelyan of Nettle- 
! combe 
j 1 1.2 Osborn 
10.4 (4Arran, E. of^ 
4.8 (^Southwell, Vise.) 
1 12.8 § Dancer 
! 17.11 Graham of Norton 

I „ Tancred 

13.12 Brooke of Norton 
(§Aylmer, Bn.) 


20.2 (fSoutbesk, E. of) 
i 3-6 fSeton of Abcrcorn 

29.7 D'Oyly 

16.8 (Romfley, E. of) 

25.8 fHayofPark 

2.6 (f Stair, E. of) 

26.9 Loraine 
; 2.uBiddulph 


15.4 Shaw of Eltham 
5-5 ($Waterford, M. of) 
! 18.6 (Roden, E. of) 
123.7 fCampbell (Horae- 
„ BurdettofBur- 

1.8 $Gethin 

2.9 tMenzies 

1 1. 4 (Camwath, E. of) 
30.4 (tRQipslyn, E. of) 

James I. 

Baronetcies ofEngld. only 

22.5 (Ferrers, Earl) 

„ (Buckinghamsh., E. 

„ (Sefton, E. of) 

„ (Chichester, E. of) 

„ (Bolingbroke, Vise.) 

„ (Gerard, Bn.) 

„ Bacon (Redgrave 

„ De Hoghton 

„ Shelley of Michel- 

29.6 (Somerset, D. of) 
„ (Ailesbury, M. of) 
„ (Kimberley, E. of) 
„ (Monson, Bn.) 

„ Musgraveof Edenbl. 

„ Cope 

„ Gresley 

,, Harington 

,, Mordaunt 

,, Twysden 

„ Temple of Stowe 

24.9 (Winchilsea, E. of) 
25.11 (Hereford, Vise.) 


10.6 (Dormer, Bn.) 


5.4 Egerton (Grey-) 

16.4 (Townshend, Marq.) 


15.5 Boynton 

25.7 (Cobham, Vise.) 
Baronetcies Qf Iretd. inst. 


25.2 Burdett of Foremk. 
21.7 (St. Aldwyn, Vise.) 

5.5 Berney 

2.6 (Sutherland. D. of) 
13.7 (Leeds, D. of) 

26.7 Vincent 
7.8 ($Valentia, Vise.) 

4.1 (Hotham, Bn.) 

8.1 Tichborne (Doughty-) 

2.4 $Coote of Ballyfin 

16.10 (Stafford, Bn.) 

9. 1 1 Philipps of Picton 

5.12 Wake 


14. 1 Mansel 

25.11 Hylmer 

2.2 fcGore 

16.2 (GKenniare. Bn.) 

23.2 (Westminster, D. of) 

26.3 (Gage, Vise.) 

8.6 iBlosse (Lynch-) 

16.6 $Tuite 

4.7 (Shaftesbury, E. of) 

10.7 § Blake of Menlough 
21.7 Hazlerigg 

20.12 Skipwith 


21.2 §Barnewall 

2.5 §Stewart of Fort S. 

Charles I. 

Baronetcies of Scotid. inst. 

26.5 fGordon of Letter- 

28.5 (fRoxburghe, D. of) 

1625— cont. ! 
29.5 (fBreadalbane, M. of) 

14.7 (fMacdonald, Bn.) 

30.8 (fSeafield, E. of) 

1.9 tLeslie of Wardis 


33.3 tForbes of Pitsligo 
„ t Johnston 

21.4 fBurnett 

22.4 (fMoncreiff, Bn., 1st 

26.9 tOgilvy 
8.12 Crewe 

20.12 Sebright 

1.2 Dering 

2.3 fNapier of Napier 

18.3 (Farnhara, Bn.) 
„ (tReay.Bn.) 

18.4 (Bagot, Bn.) 

21.4 Style 

30.5 Isham 

23.7 Goring (patent 1678) { 

29.7 Bacon (Mildenhall 


(tBute, M. of) 


1.1 (fGosford, E. of) 
15.1 tlnnes 
,, fCampbell of Ardna- 

24.1 fCampbell of Auch- I 


19.2 fHope 

2.3 (Verulam, E. of) 

7.5 Stonhouse 

1 14.5 tRiddell of Riddell 
115.5 fMurray of Black- 
'16.5 (tElibank. Bn.) 

1 2 1 .5 f Mackenzie of Tarbat 
26.5 (Derby, E. of) 

j ?o.6 Wrey 

1.7 Trelawny (Salusbury.-) 

1 18.7 ^Staples 
1 2.8 $Burke of Glinsk 

16.8 iButlor 

29.8 Wiseman 

j 1.9 Nightingale 

12.9 De la Pole [Pole] 
29.9 (fGranard, E. of) 

2.10 (f Castlestewart, Earl 1 
! 24. 1 1 Wolseley of Wolseley 


28.1 ^Esmondo 
! 20.3 Graham of Esk 

1 26.6 tBruce of Stenhouse 
27.7 fNicolson of Lass- 
wade, or Niclsn. 

28.7 tAgnew of Loehnaw 
1 15.10 §Osborne 

20.4 (tSempill, Bn.) 

,, Murray of Dunerne 
24.4 fCrosbie 
1 3.1 if Richardson (Stew - 
art-) [Richardson 
of Pencaitland] 
25.11 tCuninghame (Fair- 
lie-) [Cuningham-F.] 

29. 1 tGordon of Embo 
5.3 fWardlaw 

28.3 (*Mountmorres,Visc.) 

2.6 (f Caithness, E. of) 

13.3 fMaclean 


7.6 (fLucan, E. of) 
„ tMunro of Foulis 
„ f Foulis (Liston-) 

(f Abercorn, D. of) 


29.6 fPilkington (Mil- 


20.7 f Hay of Smithfield 


20.2 fAbercromby 

18.6 fLockhart (Sinclair-) 

21.6 (fKilmaine, Bn.) 

16.1 fNicolson of Tilli- 




26.5 Every 

15.6 (Bath, M. of) 

20.6 Cave-Browne-Cave 

14.7 (Poltimore, Bn.) 
15.7 Burgoyne 

16.7 (Iddesleigh, E. of) 

30.7 Strickland 

4.8 Boughton (Rouse-), 

Lawford line 

., Chichester of 

„ Knatchbull 

1 1.8 (Scarsdale, Bn. 
16.8 (Wenlock, Bn.) 


5.2 (Kesteven, Bn.) 

14.3 Kemp 

19.5 (Downe, Vise.) 
3.6 Hampson 
„ Williamson 
13.8 (tAberdeen, E. of) 
24.8 Thorold 
30.8 (Wrottesley, Bn.) 

1.9 Throckmorton 

5.10 Blount 

2. 1 1 (Ravensworth, Bn. 


1.8 (Waldegrave, Earl) 
15. 8 Haggerston 

7.1 (Acton, Bn.) 
— (Devon, E.of) 

12.2 Vyvyan 

1.3 Aclandof ColumbJn 

21.3 Borcel 


11. 2 fBorrowes 

fHamilton of Silver - 


Charles II. 

1651 (in King's exile). 
1.8 (fliosebery, E. of) 

18.2 $Piers 

4.3 Reade 

„ Wilson (Maryon-) 

10.3 Broughton 

2.4 Whichcote 

17.5 (Stradbroke, E. of) 

2.6 Stuart of Hartley M. 

7.6 (Bradford, E. of) 



1666— cont. 

30.4 f Stirling of Glorat 

22.8 (f Napier & E., Bn.) 

f Ramsay of Bamft 

27.3 fStewart (Shaw-) 


24.5 Hanham 
7.6 fWauchope (Bon-) 


16.5 fCampbell of Aber- 

22. iof Barclay 

20.2 (f Queensberry, M. of) 

21.9 Cunyngliam (Stewart- 

Dick), Cun. line 
[CunningLam of 

28.4 Mostyn 

5.5 Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 


25.1 tHome 

17.5 $ Leicester [Byrne] 
18. 1 1 Croft of Croft 


26.2 fCuninghame (Mont- 

gomery-) [Cuning- 
hame of Corsehill] 

28.2 fRoss 

i5-5 fJardine of Apple- 

13.11 Eden, W.Auckld.line 


7.6 fMurray of Ochter- 


16.10 f Mackenzie of Coul 
5.1 1 Hamilton (Stirling-) 

[Hamilton of 

12.12 Blackott 

26.12 Fihner 


21.6 (Muncaster, Bn.) 
18.12 Hoskyns 


2.5 fCunyngham (Stewart- 
Dick-), 1st cr. of 
Dick line 

3.3 Dyke 

29.3 (Combermere, Vise.) 

7.4 (Middleton, Bn.) 
29.9 (Brownlow, Earl) 
15.12 ($Rosse, E. of) 


8.5 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 


6.7 Dyer 


24.3 tClerk 
20.12 Stapleton 

18.11 (fLauderdale, E. of) 


8.1 fMaxwell of Mon- 

18.5 Parkyns 

29.6 § Moore 
, , Bunbury of Stanney 
1.7 Parker of Melford 


25.5 fMaxwell (Stirling-), 
1st cr. [Maxwell] 
27,9 (^Kingston, E. of) 

5.1 tPringle 

7.2 fMaxwell (Heron-) 

16.9 Dashwood of Kirt- 

James II. 

25-3 tGrierson 

26.3 fKirkpatrick 

30.11 tMoncreiife 

16.2 tBroun 

15.4 Blois 

16.9 fKinloch of Gilmer - 

9.1 1 (§Inchiouin, Bn.) 

8. iof Hall 


6.7 Wynn (Wins.-) 

12.8 fGrant of Dalvey 

11. 12 (SBellew, Bn.) 

William III. 


19.7 Molesworth 
30.11 Ramsden 

25.1 f Lauder (Dick-) 

13.2 (Ripon, M. of) 

2.3 Leigh ton 

2.3 Colt 

29.3 fDnnbarof Mochrum 

28.11 fAnstruther of Bal- 

24.12 Thomas of Wenvoe 

28.2 fBaird of Saughton 

1.4 Soame (Buckwth H. 

29.4 fDalryinple (Hamil- 
ton-) [Dalrymple] 


29.1 f Dunbar of Dura 

28.9 ($De Vesci, Vise.) 

6.1 fAnstruther (Car- 
michael-), 1st cr. 

6.4 Chetwode 
10.4 f Dunbar of Northfd. 
19.4 (fMinto, E. of) 

25.4 f Johnstone 

3.2 fCunyngbame of 


5.5 fSuttie (Grant-) 
31.12 fCarmichael (Gib- 
son-) [Gibson] 


'22.2 f Hay of Alderston 
,, f Mackenzie of Gair- 

„ f Mackenzie of Scat- 
well (Tarbat) 

21.5 Webster 

29.5 (^Clanwilliam, E. of) 
,2^.6 fCathcart 
130.11 fFergusson of Kilker 


! 1704- 
; 1 1.4 (Boston, Bn.) 

12.6 (^Headfort. M. of) 
li2.iofSinclair of Dunbth. 
1 26.10 §Levinge 


9.5 ($Hawarden, Vise,) 

[2fSetonof Pitmeddeni 4.10 Le Fleming 

1705 — cont. 
29.10 Miller of Chichester 
7.12 fGrant of Monymusk 

19.7 fGordon of Earlston 
31.7 fNaesmyth 
21.12 f Dunbar (Duff-Suth- 

evld.-) [Dunbar of 


22.3 Cunyngham (Stewart- 
Dick-), 2nd cr. of 
Dick line 

27.3 Maxwell (Stirling-), 
2nd cr. [Maxwell] 

28.6 Dasbwood of W.Wyc. 

Baronetcies of Gt. Brit, 
begin {Engld. and Scotld. 

10.3 (§Muskerry, Bn.) 


;6.2 Grey of London 

17.10 Lake 


19.2 (Radnor, E. of) 
George I. 

2.6 Warrender 

19. 1 1 (Torrington, Vise.) 


1.7 Ferrott 

26.2 Milner 
31.10 Elton 


17.6 Blunt 


21.4 Codrington of Dod 

17.10 $Eehlin 


10.6 Frederick 

1 1. 7 $Weldou 


20.1 (Hill, Vise.) 
George II. 

26.4 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 

4.7 ($ Anglesey, M. of) 
„ ^Molyneux 

1 3. 1 Clayton 


17. 1 (Ancaster, E. of) 

16.8 Heatbcote 

24.8 Dryden, 1st cr., Am- 
brosden line [Tur- 

4.7 Armytage 

7.3 Hulse 


25,10 (Newborough, Bn.) 

19. 1 fWblseleyof Mt. W. 
3-8 ^Colthurst 

I „ 1745. 

20.2 Beauchamp (Proc- 


22.3 (Suffield, Bn.) 


1 1.1 (Grey, Earl) 
4,11 Gooch of Benacro 

14.6 (^Athlumney, Bn.) 


\.i2 (Huntingfield, Bn.) 
21.4 Gibbons 

™. .^755- 
15.2 Wmmngton 
7.5 (Waterpark, Bn.) 
27.11 Johnson of N. York 

1.3 Sheffield 
6.5 (Ridley, Vise.) 

31.10 Wilson ( Bromley-) 
[Smith, then 

12.6 (§Crofton, Bn.) 


15.2 Wilmot of Chaddes- 


26.3 Cunliffe 

14.7 $Bradstreet 
29.9 Glyn of Ewell 
12.10 (Colebrooke, Bn.) 


30.8 §Booth (Gore-) 

George III. 

5.5 Hesketh (Fermor-) 

16.11 (Zetland, M. of) 

22.4 Blakiston 

1.7 (*Bufferin&A.,M.of) 
1 1. 8 ^Cotter 

22.1 (Rodney, Bn.) 

4.8 Cornewall 

22.8 (Lonsdale, E. of) 


15.7 (Henniker, Bn.) 
31.10 Knowles of Lovell 


12.3 GBlunden 

,, 6St. George 
15.7 (Gwydyr, Bn.) 

6.9 Thomas of Yapton 
3. 1 1 (§Congleton, Bn.) 


8.9 Hort 
31.10 Burnaby 


15.7 ($Carbery, Bn.) 

3.4 Bnrrard 

6.4 Alleyne 

3.5 Young of Nth. Dean 


7.10 (Somers, Bn.) 

8.10 Blake of Langham 

9.10 Mildmay (St.-John-) 
10.10 Wilmot of Osmaston 
14.10 Sutton 

17.7 Hughes 


18.5 Coote of Donnybrk. 
20.5 Edmonstone 

21.5 Hanmcr 
26.5 Ffolkes 
30.5 Gibbes (Osborne-) 

31.5 Burrell 

1.6 Marriott (Smith-) 

8.1 1 Duntze 

Historic Baronetage. 



24.2 {Walsh (Johnson-) 

2x.11 Buchanan (Leith-) 
4.8 {Fetherston 

6.8 (6Cloncurry, Bn.) 

26.8 Hamilton of Marl- 

borough Ho., 1st cr. 

14.9 (Headley.Bn.,2nder.) 
16.9 Mackworth 

18.9 Peyton 

19.9 Rhodes [Baker of 


19.10 Eden, 2nd cr. (Mary- 

land line) 

23.1 Douglas of Carr 

19.2 $Langrishe 

29.5 {Palmer of Kenure 

19 5 (Hood, Vise.) 
25 7 Hawkins 
24.8 {Falkiner 
26.8 Wombwell 
29.8 (Mostyn, Bn.) 
31.8 Coghill 

2.9 Riddellof Ardnamur- 

3.9 Gunning 

27.3 Rumbold 

17.8 (GFfrench, Bn.) 
„ {Hill 


id. 1 Fanner 
1.6 {Waller of Newport 
18.12 ({Ely, M. of) 

24.3 (Dunraven, E. of) 

8.6 Craufurd 

„ Sykes of Basildon 
„ Mosley 
22.10 (Gainsboro*, E. of) 

12. 1 {Denny 
1 1.3 {Chapman 
20.5 Fletcher (Aubrey-) 

28.5 Affleck 

19.6 (Haldon, Bn.) 

4.7 Brisco 
17.8 Geary 

2.12 {Musgrave of Tourin 

15.1 Graham of Netherby 
22a Jodreil 
28.3 Sykes of Sledmere 
0.12 Guise 

18.12 Graeme (Hamond-) 

22.1 (Cottenham, E. of, 

1st cr,) 
„ (Halifax, Visct.) 
,, Durrant 
„ FitzHerbert 

Ry croft 
„ Boevey (Crawley-) 
„ Dodsworth (Smith-) 
,, Beevor 

7.7 { Warren of Warren's 

16.7 ({De Blaquiere, Bn.) 
28.7 (Kenyon, Bn.) 

10.12 {Hoare of Annabella 

17.7 {Godfrey 


14.2 Sinclair of TJlbster 
27.6 Rowley of Tendring 

„ Vane (Fletcher-) 

„ Hoare of Stourhead 

1786— cont. 
27.6 Blair (Hunter-) 
, , Douglas of Sprin gwd 

„ Cokuihoun 

30.8 {Bimbuiw(Richdsn.-) 
[RichardsOn of 
31.8 {Carden of Temple- 
1.9 {Des Vceux 

3 3 Miller of Glenleo 

27.8 ^Hayes 

25.8 {Hodson 


13. 1 (Churston, Bn.) 

5.6 Oakeley 

9.8 Orde (Campbell-) 


24.2 Maleb 

25.2 Kennaway 
it. 3 $ high ton 

25.4 Lushington 

1 1.6 Rich 

28.7 (Northbourne, Bn.) 
,, Eoughton (Rouse-), 

Rouse-Lench line 
, , Martin of Locky uge 
„ Pole (Van-Notten-) 
„ Palmer of Wanlip 
„ Meyrick (Tapps- 

Gervis-) [Tapps] 

18.7 King (Duckworth-) 
2.ioiTeignmouth, Bn.) 
15.11 (Tredegar, Bn.) 


i:.i (Dysart, E. of) 

22.2 Ford 

29.5 (Northbrook, E. of) 


20.1 $Paul of Paulville 

1.9 Pasley 

8.9 Bowyer, 2nd cr., 

Radley line 
9.9 (Gardner, Bn., drmt.) 

10.9 Curtis of Gatcombe 

8.12 Willoughby 


1 1.4 Grace 

1.5 Chetwynd 

2.5 Dryden, 2nd cr., 

Canons Ashby line 

12.5 Darell 
13.5 Neave 
14.5 Hawley 
15.5 Pollen 

3.7 MacGregor of MacG. 

4 7 (Heytesbury, Bn.) 
6.7 (Derwent, Bn.) 
8.7 Poore 

23.7 {Nugent of Ballin- 

26.7 §Meredyth of Car- 

31.10 Lamb 


1.3 Farquhar of Cadogan 

18.3 (Exmouth, Vise.) 

19.4 Bellingham 

12.5 Hartopp (Cradock-) 
14.5 Baker of Richmond 

1.3 PechelMBrooke-) 
30.10 Onslow 

5.13 {Burke of Marble 


6.12 {Jervis-W.-Jervis 

1797 — cord. 
7.i2({Ventry, Bn.) 

2.2 Knigbtley 
7.4 Hay (Dalrymple-) 

18.5 Anstruther (Carmi- 

chael-), andcr. 
24.7 Williams of Bodel- 

31.7 Dallas 

24.8 Bough ey 


4.1 {Macartney 
2S.8 $Smith (Cusack-) 
30.11 Troubridge 


22.10 Glyn of Gaunfs 

28.11 Milman 

29.11 Peei of Drayton 

15.12 Stirling of Faskine 
30.12 Cuffe (Wheeler-^ 
Baronetcies all of I'.K. 
(Gt. Bvit.&Irelcl. merged) 


20.3 Vavasour of Spal- 

13.6 (De Saumarez, Bn.) 
15.6 Strachey 

23.6 (Cottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
27.6 Welby [Welby- 

29.6 Baynes 

30.6 Lennard (Barrett-) 

16.7 Montgomery 


31.7 Dillon 
i.8 Keane 
4.8 Hardinge 

5.8 Fitzgerald (Judkin-) 
6.8 Kellett 

8.8 Goold 

10.8 Crofton of Mohill 
11. 8 De Bathe 

12.8 Synge 


16.7 Nepean 

2.9 Baker of Ran ston 

21.9 Poynder (Dickson-) 

20.12 White of Walling- 

21.12 Metcaife 
23.12 Curtis of Cullands 

20.6 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

21.6 Stewart of Athenry 
22.6 Stronge 

29.6 Barlow of Fort Wm, 

10.8 Wedderburn 
512 Kay 


2.2 Price (Rugge-) 

19.5 Honyman 
21.5 Cumming (Gordon-) 
22.5 Sullivan of Thames 


26.5 Main waring 

9.6 Maxwell of Cardo- 

1 1. 6 Smith of Tring 
14.6 (Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
15.6 Lethbridge 

28.6 Clarke of Rossmore 
29.6 Bruce of Downhill 
30.6 Lees of Blackrock 

26.10 Hartwell 
30.10 FitzWygram 
31.10 De-Crespigny 

(Champion.) [De 
1. 11 Lopes 

1805— cont. 
2. 1 1 Cotterell 

9. 1 1 Mackenzie (Muir-) 

6.12 Prevost of Belmont 


19.2 Bromhead 
3.3 Shelley of Avington 

4.3 Cholmeley 

1.4 Louis 

9.4 (Avebury, Bn.) 

30.4 Scott of Gt. Barr 

12.5 Morris 

13.5 Ramsay of Balmain 
24.5 Lockhart of Lee 
27.11 Fiaser 

28.11 Nugent of Waddes- 


1 1. 12 Thompson of Harts- 

13.12 Scott of Dunninald 
15.12 Hood (Fuller- 

Acland-), 1st cr., 
Hartington line 
TBateman, then 

13.11 (Chesterfield E. of) 


17.9 Campbell of Succoth 
3. 10 Montgomery of The 

„ Wilson (Tyrwhitt-) 

„ Corbet 
„ Ritwell 

,, Perring 
„ Tigott 


[3.4 Hood (Fuller- 

Acland-), 2nd cr., 
Masterton line 
„ Baird of Newby th 

31.5 Seymour (Culme-) 

20.9 Roberts 

22.9 Blennerhassett 

23.9 Smith of Eardiston 

25.9 Rushout 

11.12 Alexander of Dublin 


S.i2Gallwey (Payne-) 

10.12 Russell of Swallow- 
15.12 Hunter 
28.12 Kay e (Lister-) 
31.12 Leeds 


12. 1 Owen 

2. 1 1 (Grimthorpe, Bn.) 

„ Radcliffe 

,, Henniker 

12. 1 1 Gordon (Duff-) 
13. 11 Jervoise (Clarke-) 
23.11 Barton (Denys-) 

24.11 Young of Formosa 

27.11 Macdonald 

21.12 WraxalK 

7.2 Fowke 

21.5 Peirse (Beresford-) 
28.7 Domville 
29.7 Grey of Falloden 
1.9 Blackwood 
19.9 Dunbar of Boath 
21.9 Koste 




6.5 Hepburn (Buchan-) 
„ M'Mahon of Dublin 

22.5 Simeon 

?„ Campbell of Thames 

„ Domvile 
„ Jackson of Arlsey 
„ Steuart (Seton-) 

„ Antrobus 
30.5 Waller of Braywick 
,, Preston 

„ Price of Trengwain- 

1.6 Oakes 

1.7 King of Chavlestown 


9.3 Brownrigg 
12.3 Ogle 

30.3 Floyd 

25.5 Elphinstone of 

7.8 M'Mahon of St. J as. 


30.11 Maitland 

1 12 Johnson of Bath 
2.12 Farrington 
3.12 Verney 

7.i2Bathurst (Hervey) 

10.12 Lechmere 

12.12 (De LTsle&D., Bn.) 
14.12 Hare of Stow 

15.12 Stracey 
1 5. 1 2 Sniff ner 
17.12 Croft of Dodington 
18.12 (Deramore, Bn.) 

26.1 Hamilton of MarlL. 
Ho., 2nd cr., Trebin- 
shun line 

14.4 Mahon 

14.12 Robinson of Rokeby 

Georg-e IV. 

3.7 Campbell (Cockbn.-) 
14.8 (Cottesloe, Bn.) 
15.8 Corbett (Astley-) 
17.8 Shaw of Terenure 
18.8 Pocock 
20.8 (Hylton, Bn.) 
21.8 Farquhar(Townsd.) 
22.8 Drake (Fuller- 

23.8 Wilmot (Eardley-) 
34.8 Dundas of Beechwd. 
27.8 Erskine 

28.8 Young of Baillieboro' 
31.8 Cooper (Paston) 
(Cooper of Gade- 
3.9 Paul of Rodboro' 
4.9 Lindsay ITrotter] 
8.9 Scott of Lytchett 
6. 11 King of Corrard 

5.1 FitzGerald of New- 
7.1 Brooke of Colebrooko 

19.3 James 
3.4 Arbuthnqt 
4. 1 1 Forbes of Newe 
11. 11 Robinson of Batt's 

14. 1 1 Baillie 
3. 1 1 Lowther 


Munro of Lindertis 

Dalrymple (Elphin- 
stone-) [Dalrymple 
of Nth. Berwick, 
then Dairymple- 

(Vivian, Bn.) 

Vavasour of Hazel- 

Tempest [Ricketts] 




Drummond (Wms.-) 


Macgregor of Savile 

William IV. 





Douglas of Glen- 


Campbell of Ear- 

Foster of Glyde Ct. 

Becner (Wrixon-) 
Campbell of Carrick 

Lawson of Brayton 
Nugent of Cloncos- 

koran [Humble] 
Craig (Gibson-) 
Campbell of New 

Nugent of Donore 

Clarke of Dunham 

Russell of Charlton 

Laurie [Bayley] 


Walker (Forestier-) 

Rowley of Hill Ho. 
Carnac (Rivett-) 
Lucy (Ramsay- 
Fairfax-) [Fairfax] 
Sawle (Graves-) 
Power of Kilfane 
Macnaghten (Work- 
man-) [Macnagh ten] 

Boswall (Houston-) 



1 Clark of Tilly pronie 

2 Wood of Hatherley 





1838— con t. 
18.7 (Lytton, E. of) 
19.7 Gordon (Smith-) 
24.7 Boileau [Smith] 
25.7 Grant (Macpherson-) 
30.7 Shakerley 

31.7 Seale 
2.8 Adair 

3.8 Foster of Norwich 
7.8 Forrest 
8.8 Roche 
9.8 Heywood 

10.8 Worsley 

1 1 . 8 Menteth ( Stuart-) 
T4.8 (Wimborne, Bn.) 
15.8 Bellew (Grattan-) 
17.8 East (Clayton-) 
18.8 Crofton of Longfd. 

29.3 Stockenstrom 

27.4 Pottinger 

28.4 Spearman 

30.7 Buxton of Bellfteld 

12.8 Pelly 


5-5 Stuart of Reading 

22.5 Willshire 

5.6 Arthur of West- 

23.6 Couper 

7.9 DeTrafford 


Lawson of Brough 
8.9 Armstrong of Gallen 

20.9 Clay Le Marcbant 

18.10 Power of Edermino 

23.12 (Gough, Vise.) 


18.12 Parker of Shenstone 

. 1.7 Lewis of Harpton Ct. 

13.7 (Hampton, Bn.) 

18.7 Gladstone 

20.7 (Magheramorne.Bn.) 

21.7 Feilden 

22.7 Verner 


9.1 Davie (Ferguson-) 
ii. 1 Currie 
12. 1 (Rothschild, En.) 
nm . 1849. 

25.0 O'Brien 
5.12 Duke 

22.12 (Shuttleworth, Bn.) 

8.1 Abtly 


16.1 (Hothfield, Bn.) 

25.6 Alison 

5.7 ^Glanusk, Bn.) 
1 27. 11 Bonham 

! 1853. 
10.5 (Knutsford, Vise.) 

21.9 Robinson of Toronto 

22.2 Peto 

4.5 Moon of Portm. Sq. 

19 7 Walker of Oakley 

5.S Locock 

6.8 Jejeebhoy 


22.1 Allan (Havel ock-) 

19,4 (Haversham, Bn.) 
20.4 Griffith (Waldie-) 


1858— cont. 
8.7 Wilson of Delhi 
10.8 Lawrence of Luck- 

16.8 (Lawrence, Bn.) 

9.3 Cunard 

8.4 Nicholson 
19.4 Miles 
20.4 Neeld 

23.4 Grogan 


25.5 Duncombo (Paunce- 


22.1 Dilke 


2 1. 1 Lloyd 

23.1 Crossley 

24.1 Brown of Astrop 

26.1 Cooper of Woollahra 

20.8 Western 


20.1 Buller (Manning- 

23.1 Fergusson of Spital- 

3.2 Simpson 

27.6 Watson of Henrietta 


25.7 (Tweedmouth, Bn.) 
26.7 Ingilby 

28.7 Pryse (Webley- 
Parry-) [Pryse] 

31.7 (St. Levan, Bn.) 
2.8 Pollock of Hatton 
3.8 Edwards of Pye Nest 
4.8 Williams of Tregul- 


15. 1 1 Gooch of Clewer 
16.11 Lampson 

9.4 Napier of Dublin 
13.4 Bagge 
15.4 (Ardilaun, Bn.) 

30.4 Lawrence of Ealing 


25.2 Jenner 

17.11 (Hillingdon, Bn.) ' 

28.11 Harvey of Langley 
7.12 Child 

8.12 Harvey of Crown Pt. 
9.12 Walker of Sand 

10.12 Humphery 
11.12 Buckley 

23.12 Moss (Edwards-) 
24.12 Larcom 

19. 1 Brady 

26.10 Salomons (Goldsmid- 
Stern- ) [Salomons] 

23.10 Seymour of the 

20.10 O'Connell 

30.10 Salt of Saltaire 
2. 11 Fairbairn 

3- 11 Earle of Allerton 
4. 1 1 Jackson (Mather-) 
[Jackson of Birken- 

30.11 Bazley 


23.5 (Moncreiff, Bn., 

2nd cr.) 

19.8 Paget of Harewd. PI. 

22.9 Stepney (Cowell-) 
22.11 Chiistison 


8.2 Gull 

26.3 Pollock (Montagu-) 


Historic Baronetage. 


1872— cont. 
9.9 Rose of Montreal 

16.4 Kinloch of Kinloch 
4.8 Waterlow 


13-3 TrevelyanofWalling- 

16.3 Wilson of Eshton 

17.3 Forster of Lyaways 

18.3 Grove 

19.3 Burrows 

21.3 Amory (Heathcoat-) 

23.3 Price (Green-) 

24.3 Miller of Manderston 

26.3 (Knaresborough.Bn.) 

13.5 Peek 

14.5 Rose of Rayners 
15.5 Elliot 
16.5 Kelk 
4.8 Lusk 

0.6 Barttelot 

18.2 Scourfleld 

21.2 Leslie of Glasslougli 

22.2 Greenall 

23.2 Hardy 

24.2 (Waleran, Bn.) 

25 2 Codrington of Dod- 

ington Park 
26,2 Cust 
24.5 Frere 

16.8 Temple of The Nash 

I. 11 Milne 


14.12 Buchanan of Dun- 

3.5 Mowbray 

4.5 (Blythswood, Bn.) 

5.5 Meyrick (Charlton-) 

6.5 Lennard of Wick- 
ham Ct. 

7.5 (Hindlip, Bn.) 

8.5 Ripley of Rawdon 

I I. 5 Goldney 

1 2.5 Watkin 
13-5 Bates 

8.7 FitzQerald of Valen- 



11.6 Stewart of S.Kensgtn 

15.6 (Roberts, Earl) 
21.12 Phillimore 

29.12 Sullivan of Garryduffj 

13.5 (Swansea, Bn.) 
15.5 Matheson 
16.5 Milbankof Well & 

17. 5 (Burton, Bn.) 
18.5 Pease 

19.5 WittewrongeiLawes-' 

20.5 Adam 
22.5 Marling 
23.5 Freake 

6.6 Ellis 

29.12 Clarke of Rupertswd . 

25.5 Jessel 

9.8 Clark of Pangbourne 
26.12 (Lister, Bn.) 

(Farrer, Bn.) 

23.1 Bowman 
2x7 Samuelson 

27.5 (Iveagh, Bn.) 

16.7 Millais 
17.7 Tennant 
18.7 Errington 

1885— cont. 
20.7 Jardine (Buchanan-) 
21.7 Bell of Rounton 
22.7 Brocklebank 

23.7 Vernon 

1 1.8 Thornhill (Compton-) 


14.9 (Killanin, Bn.) 
15.9 Corry 


22.1 Alexander of Bal- 


12.2 Walker of Gateacre 
., Dorington 

16.2 Montefiore 

3.3 (Mount Stephen, Bn.) 
5.3 Green of Wakefield 
6.3 Paget of Cranmore 
8.3 Ewing(Orr-) 
9.3 Birkbcck 

10.3 Cook of Richmond 
27.8 Mappin 

28.8 (Airedale, Bn.) 

31.8 Palmer of Grinkle 

28.9 Clark of Edinburgh 

6.6 Hanson 

14 6 Carden of Molesey I 
j 2.7 (Glenesk, Bn.) 
16.7 Clitfbrd 

19.7 Dalrymple of New- j 

20.7 Houldsworth 
21.7 Pearce 

22.7 Moon of Copse wood I 
23.7 Philipps of Picton ! 

25.7 Lucas 
26.7 Thursby 
27.7 Loder 
13.0 Ewart 

26.9 Kinahan (Hudson-) 
23.11 (Northcote, Bn.) 

12.6 Collet 

13.9 Tupper 

10.10 King of Campsie 


24.6 (Tnverclyde, Bn.) 
27.6 Porter of Merrion Sq. 
<6.7 Stokes 
T.3.7 Boehm 

26.11 Whitehead 


20.3 Llewelyn (Dillwyn-) 
21.3 Mackenzie of Glen ; 

22.3 Sassoon | 

24.3 Savory of Brook St. \ 

17.4 Fowler of Bracmorc 
18.4 Thompson of Guise- 

12.6 (Newlands. Bn.) 
16.6 Acland of Oifoid 

1.9 Petit 


: 6.2 (Rosmead, Bn.) 

,, Kennard 
I 7.2 Rawlinson 
! 9.2 (Crawshaw, Bn.) 
,29.6 Stephen 
14.9 Savory of Buckhurst 

28.9 (O'Brien, Bn.) 

7.4 Durand 
15.6 Powell of Horton 
1 17.6 Wiggin 

8. 10 J affray 

13.10 (Burnbam, Bn.) 

„ Hartland (Dixon-) 
„ Lea 

„ Stewart (M'Taggart-) 
[Stewart of South- 

1892— cont. 
19. 10 Armstrong of Ash- 
burn PI. 
20.10 Muir 

25.10 (Farquhar, Bn.) 

2 1. 1 1 Hamilton of London 
8.13 Schroder (Bn. von S.) 

1.7 Holden 

3.7 (Joicey, Bn*) 

17.7 Hart 

7.8 Cameron 
8.8 Hingley 

9.8 Ingram 

10.8 Broadbent 
1 1.8 Knill 

12.8 (Winterstoke.Bn.) 

4.9 Gilbey 


1.1 Lyell 

6.2 Fry 

4.5 Jones (Bui'ne-) 
23.6 (Swaythland, Bn.) 
25.6 Coats (Glen-) 

26.6 Pearson 

16.7 Austin 
17.7 Reckitt 

to. 10 Williams of Brook St. 

H.2 Barran 
15.2 Newncs 
13.7 Dale 

15 7 Watson of Earuoek 

27.7 Bruuner 
29 7 Dunn 

29.8 Bell of Glasgow 
50.8 ( Blyth, Bn.) 
31.8 Leyland (Naylor-) 

2.9 Agnew of Gt. Stan- 
hope St. 
4.9 Renals 
5 9 Forwood 

a .2 Fayrer 
12.2 Arnott 

15.2 Lewis of Nautgwine 
17.2 Coddington 
18.2 Boord 
19.2 Seely 
21.7 Cave 

22.7 Dalgleish (Ogilvy-) 
23.7 M'lver 

24.7 Verdin 

4.8 FitzGerald (Uniacke- 


13.2 Lees of Sth. Lytchett 

15.2 Wills of Northnioor 

5.3 Powell of Wimpl. St. 1 8 
8.3 Baird of Urie 

27.8 Phillips (Faudel-) 
28.8 Reid of Ellon 

31.8 Gamble 

1.9 Gilmour 
2.9 Peel of Tyersall 

; 3.9 Pender 
S 4 9 Ripley of Acacia 
S 6.9 Smith of Stratfd. PI. 

13.9 Quilter 

25.9 Paget of Sutton Bon. 
! 27.9 Wood of The Hermit 



5.2 Wilks 

7.3 Nanney (Ellis-) 
8,3 Samuel of Sophien 

9.3 Wigan 

10.3 Holder 


20.2 Thompson of Wim- 

pole St. 
21.2 Hornby 
22.2 Barry 

23.2 Scott of Castle House 
2.8 Way 

4.8 Brooke of Armitage 

7.8 Hoare of Sidestrand 
8.8 Salt of Weeping Cross 

25.8 Usher 

29.1 (Alverstone, Bn.) 

18.5 Newton 

19.6 Chanee 
20.6 Chubb 

21.6 Greene of Nether Hall 

12.7 Lawson of Weetwd. 
[3.7 Wrightson 

24.9 Pile 
?5»9 M'Conucll 
26.9 Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 


4.3 Aird 
,, Backhouse 
18.4 Gunter 
„ Portal 
28.6 Church 

Green of London 

7.3 Barlow of Wimpl. St. 
22.7 Porter of St. Nessans 
23.7 Dimsdale 
24.7 Bradford 
25.7 Noble 
26.7 Evans 
28.7 Laking 
29.7 Lipton 
36.7 Treves 

31.7 Parry 

1.8 Lewis of Portld. PI. 
2.8 Poynter 

4.8 Jackson of Stansted 
5.8 Henderson 
6.8 Hodge (Hermon-) 
7.8 Muntz 
8.8 M'Laren 

11. 8 Tomlinson 

5.1 Brown of Broome 

6.1 Banbury 
7.1 Renshaw 

Prevost of Padding- 

9.1 Makins 

to. 1 Arthur of Carlung 

3.2 Chisholm 
'2.2 Nutting 
7.7 Primrose 
'.5.8 Hickman 
26.8 Samuel of The Mote 
27.8 Brocklehurst 
28.8 Wright (Cory-) 
29.8 Rasch 
31.8 Todd (Wilson-) 
7.10 Dixon 
8.10 Cochrane 
9.10 Murphy 

10.10 Fitzgerald of Geral- 

dine Place 
12.10 Brooke of Summer- 
13. 10 Smiley 

Lawrence (Durning-) 12.12 Bingham 

12.3 Maclure 
17.6 De la Rue 
18.6 Dundas of Arniston 
20.6 Rankin 
37.6 Tate 

r4.i2 Knowles of Westwd. 
15. 12 Ritchie 


19.8 Wills of Hazelwood 
20.8 Ropncr 



IQ04 — cont. 
20.8 (Northciiffe, Bn.) 
22.8 Goulding 
24 8 Kimber 
25.8 Palmer of Reading 
26.8 White of Bristol 
12.12 Cayzer 
13.12 Plannery 
14.12 Boyle 
15.12 Heath 
16.12 Nairn 

1 S05. 

23.2 Monson 
24.7 Boulton 
25.7 Birkin 

26.7 Cooper of Hursley 
27.7 Fison 
28.7 Holcroft 
29.7 Hoyden 

1 9°5 — cont. 

7 (Miehelham, Bn.) 

8 Tritton 
8 Wernher 
8 Pound 
12 Avery 
1 2 Coats of Auchendrane 1 2 
12 Goff (Davis-) 1 13. 
12 Duncan 

12 Ellerman 14 
12 Martin of Overbury j 16. 
12 Bell (Morrison-) ! 17 
12 Cohen 18. 
12 Cooper of Sherstone 19. 
12 Hare of Stow Hall 20, 
12 Hogg (Lindsay-) 21, 

12 Hulton 23. 
ijLawson of Knaves- 124 

mire '25. 

13 Ley 1 26, 

1905 — cont. 
.12 Praed (Mackwortk-) 
.12 Mann 
.12 Hilburn 


.7 Walker of Gore Point 
.7 Lawrence of Sloane 

.7 Nixon 
,7 Schwann 
.7 Spicer 

.7 Ferguson (Johnson-) 

.7 Greenwell 

,7 Huntington 

.7 Langman 

7 Runciman 

,7 Schuster 

.7 Speyer 

.7 Tooth (Lucas-) 

1906— cont. 
17.7 Wilson of Airdrie 
S8.7 Morgan 
1. 12 Caw ley 
3.12 Channing 
4.12 Graham of Larbert 
5.12 Hunter (Hughes-) 


5.7 Scotter 
„ Treloar 
„ Holland 

„ Barlow of Bradwall 
„ Bowring 
,, Dewar 

, , Edwards of Knighton 
„ Herbert 
„ Blake of Tillmouth 
,, Scott of Beauclere 
Stow (Philipson-) 


Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the King himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, "after good words and 
wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standard at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
First ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It' was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in France. 


General Remarks. — In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : " It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which doe3 not 
imply its equestrian nature, for in the French a Knight is styled 4 Chevalier ' from 
cheval, as in German 'Ritter' or rider;" "Caballiero" is further cited as a Spanish form, 
adding, ' ' From the spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Equites AurdtV The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William Walworth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performing 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were- put on ; whilst both before and after the conferring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Kenelm Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from such, as 
did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 
the Knight " sans peur et sans reproche • " and so, in our own country, Brand, Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 

The Knightage Companionage, <Scc. 


father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even _ enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term — not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelors until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so early as the year 506 
(the reputed era of King Arthur's Knights of the Round Table). 

There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood— the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Patrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Royal Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Bachelors, though not a 
constituted Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India ; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the Knights of 
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, which embrace both sexes, and which, 
like the Military Knights of Windsor, confer no precedence and are denoted by no initials. 
Not one of these is hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only com- 
moners, would take precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and 
St. Patrick are regularly restricted to nobles, the only recorded exceptions being the 

j bestowal of the Garter upon Sir Robert Walpole and William Herbert who became Earl of 

j Pembroke, and of the Thistle upon the present Duke of Argyll when Marquess of Lome, 
and the late Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, whilst it has been declared that the Garter was 

j offered upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title " Sir " is formally prefixed to the 
names, when given in full, of all Peers who are also either Knights or Baronets. 
Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir" the wife, in conventional usage, 

j has the title " Lady " or "Dame " as in the case of a Baronetess. But in her case the 
honour is one of courtesy and not of right, as we are shown by an amusing story 
in f The Book of the Court : ' The lady of a certain City Knight was once pre- 
sented to the old Princess Amelia, who was very deaf. The Princess, not aware that 
she was merely a Knight's lady, was about to salute her as she would have done with 

j the daughter of a Peer, to the great horror of the Gentleman Usher in Waiting, who, 

1 shocked at such a violation of etiquette, exclaimed, loud enough to be heard by all 
present, " Don't kiss her, Your Royal Highness ; she is not a real Lady 1 " 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
the year 1900, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelor. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and 
it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be 
cai-ried out by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace. 
The cuts representing the stars of the various Orders, small as they are, may assist 

I in rendering their aescription intelligible. But for the Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, 
and Bath (G.C.B. Mil.) much clearer ones will be found on our title-page. 

I The Most Noble Order of the Garter.— The commonly accepted date of the 
I institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 
j ^jiw Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 
S jjfljL in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be pre- 
! ■ pilP ferred is that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 
1 in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
I public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
I own knee by way of rebuke to those who "saw harm "in it, and that the occurrence 
[ thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Crecy. 
Another story is that Richard Coeur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
leathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
, night assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 
half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, " May 



he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it,"adding ''i.e., the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for the Order, apparently following Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; but here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should "think ill" of a grand warlike expedition. But 
though mistrusting this application, we must all admit without hesitation that' Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly literal than the one commonly received, which 
first ignores the "y" for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or 
nothing, and then repeats the word " evil " without any warrant from the original. 
For the word "honi, which in modern French would be "honni," is not even a 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount 
to a curse). " Accursed be he who sees harm in the Garter " is evidently the real 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured " is far too feeble. 

The Order itself may be said to rank indisputably as the first in the world, and the 
number of foreign Sovereigns who have accepted it is almost countless. It is still limited 
to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and other 
members of the Royal Family (Queen Alexandra has been made a Lady of the Garter), 
and such extra Knights and foreign rulers and dignitaries as may be admitted by special 
statute ; the only alteration has been the extension of the limits to descendants of the 
first instead of the second George. A Knight of the Garter is at his investiture allotted 
a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, over which are set up, to be retained through- 
out his life, his sword, helmet, crest, banner, and a plate containing his arms and titles: 
this practice is still in vogue. 

The officers of the Order are — Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor — all three cx 
officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, usually called " Garter," and the Gentle- 
man Usher of the Black Rod — these two being personal appointments. The Prelate and 
Chancellor are authorised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms of St. 
George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and on 
the other with a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms embroidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he wears a red book of the Order with a device of two pens 
within the garter. The mantle of "Garter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
(for whose names and titles see page 70) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
similar mantle. His Rod is surmounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
and motto. He is granted for life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 
I The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
j acray, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser 
I George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly 
comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (this is the mantle 
worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle and 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidered Star, within 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the whole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, 
whioh is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of twenty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each medal has for its 
border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
between each medal and the next is a true-lovers' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (we here call them medals for 
clearness, as the idea of twenty-six garters round the neck might be too suggestive of 
strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order — the Sovereign and Knight 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 


Companions | the entire Collar weighs exactly thirty-two ouncest* Suspended to this 
Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
Dragon ; the Lesser George, which is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 
of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing to beneath the right arm (never 
otherwise, however sometimes pictured ; we have had this certified by a note from 
Garter King of Arms in 1907.} Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.Qt. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle.— The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to a.d. 787, 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen 
by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, King of the Picts, as they were engaged 
in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently state. 
What is historical is that in the year 1540 James the Fifth either established or revived 
the Order, and that it had again to be restored in 1687 by James the Seventh of Scotland 
and Second of England, who created eight Knights and assigned to them the royal chapel 
at Holyrood, which is still the chapel of the Order. Once more the Order collapsed 
through the Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again 
and more permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it was decreed that its 
membership should comprise the Sovereign and sixteen Knights, but other personages 
of the Royal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Dean, the Secretary, 
Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod. The decorations con- 
sist of the Badge or Jewel, the Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge is in the 
form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with a gold enamelled 
figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is worn either pendent to 
the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which passes over the left 
shoulder and across the breast. The Star, properly so called, is itself formed in part of a 
St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroidery, between the four limbs of which are four starry 
rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with green foliage), which is 
surrounded by a circle with the motto, " Nemo me impune lacessit " (No one provokes 
me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the coat or cloak. The Collar is 
composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with sprigs of rue. The Mantle (a 
recent addition) is of green velvet lined with taffeta. The Chapel of the Order is in St. 
Giles's Cathedral, Edinburgh. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 
Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and 
some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
the insignia, but not the ex-officio knighthood. There was formerly a religious cere- 
mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church, and simultaneously the offices of Prelate and Registrar have lapsed, whilst the 
Chancellor, instead of being an Archbishop, is now the Secretary for Ireland of the 
Ministry of the day. The other officers are the Ulster King of Arms, the Secretary, the 
Usher of the Black Rod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. The decorations consist of the 
Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and Star have each of them in the 
centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf of shamrock, each lobe of 
which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle with a motto in gold 
letters, " Quis separabit ? " (Who shall separate us? ) ; surrounding this again there is in the 
Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole within an oval out- 
line, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two ornaments are 
worn as under the previous Orders. The Collar is wholly of gold and made up of a series 
of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crown, alternating with eight golden knots, the 
roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; whilst 
the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much larger 
harp forming the connecting-link between the Collar and Badge (the other two harps are 
at tho sides, the roses three behind and two in front, the crown taking in this lastposition 
the place of the centre one). The Mantle is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. 
The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over the right shoulder. Designation, the letters K. P. 

* Among peculiar Court usages it is noted that no Collar of any Order may be worn after sunset ; also, that any 
member of the Household must display a portion of his linen collar above the golden one ! 



The Most Honourable Order ce 'The BAtH.-^The name of this, by far the largest 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in hdndiir of those to which Commoners can 
hope to attain, was evidently taken ff om an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 13995 it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coronation in that year, 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
went a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 
indeed, we are told that in 1127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others "Knights of the Bath" at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
"received knighthood by bathing" from Edward the Second. But it was not till 
g.c.b. Civ. 1725 that the Order was placed upon a solid foundation ; since then it was enlarged 
in 1815, and no less than twelve times from 1847 to 1906. We are told by 
Froissart of Henry the Fourth's Knights being presented by the King with 
:§KBp| "long green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with 
miniver, and with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and 
r.c.b. Mil. after the fashion used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left 
shoulder had a double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tassels 
were pendent." On the evening previous to their investiture they were all 
.flHpf assembled together, and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the 
WfL vites of the latter having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, 
k.c.b. Civ. nowever? appears to have been observed at the creation of Knights much earlier 

# still ; but we find the Order in existence later on, and habitually bestowed on 
state occasions upon such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other 
knighthood. Thus we can supplement Froissart's account by a more definite 
c.b. Mil. one as described on the investiture of a number of Knights in 1610, when Prince 
Badge. Henry, son of James the First, was created Prince of Wales. Those to be 
invested were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, and were conducted in 
the evening to the bathing-chamber, " where for each of them was provided a several 
bathing-tub, which was lined both within and without with white linen and covered 
with red say. Ea^ly the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to "honour God and main- 
tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the utmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
sword and spurs. In this array they rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
highest in rank first) entered the hall and knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then put on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels." The 
above is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last of this Order of 
Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Waif ord to have been the sixty-eight created by 
Charles the Second at his coronation. . We pass to 1725, when George the First renewed 
the Order, fixing it at thirty-seven Knights and the Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, 
that it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only 
the highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 
total of the Class (hitherto the letters KB. forming the unvarying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it was again enlarged, the Civil Division being extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first. Eventually the numbers 
were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive of the Royal Family and of such 
distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either Division 
or Class : even then much laxity obtains by the temporary use of the word 
" Additional " (and so with the Orders generally). It must also be particularly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 

The Knightage Co7npHnionage i &c. 63 

their special services having been of a scientific or other non-military character, or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces, whereas actual military service (see next 
paragraph) is required for the other Division ; a few have obtained both Divisions. 

The officers are the Dean (the Dean of Y/estminster), the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. The Duke 
of Gonnaught was in 1901 appointed Great Master, an honour previously held by his 
present Majesty. As a rule, though not without frequent exceptions, recipients of this 
Order must begin with the lowest Class, or Companions, and proceed to Knights 
Commanders before they can become Grand Crosses. The Military Division of even the 
lowest rank is only conferred upon such distinction in action against the enemy as shall 
procure a special mention in despatches, or else upon meritorious service in the Medical, 
Engineer, Pay, or Indian departments ; it is never granted to any officer of lower grade 
than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy — indeed very rarely even 
so low, the Distinguished Service Order being substituted. 

The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and Ribbon. The 
Badge for the Military Division is a (genuine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 
enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in 
the central circle are a rose, thistle, and shamrock issuing from a sceptre, with three 
Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
juncta in uno " (Three joined in one), with a laurel-wreath completely surrounding it, 
whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve): by the Grand Crosses 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
I and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, 
being externally surrounded with a glory of silver flames ; for the Civil Grand Crosses 
there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 
for the Knights Commanders there is a silver cross-patte'e round the same centre, the 
Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll ; Companions have no 
Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
composed of nine Albert Crowns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and 
shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 
( white. The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Grand Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B. is entitled to "supporters" in his 
coat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red 
; mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and 
a high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. The Chapel of the Order is 
Henry the Seventh's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. The designations with the nominal 
limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being at the present date all greatly 
exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division was increased enormously, 
' having pronounced those in excess to be "additional," in virtue of a provision that 
the second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occurrence of a war. The 
nominal total was raised in 1906 to 1344, and the oddness of the figures throughout is 
; amusingly perplexing when we come to discover that about 1900 is the present actual 
! membership, without including Honorary Members : 

: 1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.E. ... 145 „ 110 

3rd ,, Companions The letters C.B. 705 „ 302 

The Most Exalted Order op the Star oe India. — The Order next in precedence 
after the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by her late Majesty in 
1861, and subsequently enlarged successively in 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, and 
1903. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 
loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It consists of the Sovereign, the 
g.cs.i. &c. Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 276 Knights and Companions disposed 
in three Classes as below, and such extra and Honorary Members as the Sovereign may 
from time to time appoint : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- 
tion K.S.I, then represented the only title which it conferred. The officers are the 

6 4 Introduction. 

Registrar and the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern- 
ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star$ Collar, Ribbon, and 
Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set 
in an oval and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Guide;" it is sur- 
mounted by a five-rayed star wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with 
the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like 
| the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the 
\ whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their 
proper colours, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and 
ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards 
each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left,- 
and by Knights Commanders round the neck, as with the preceding Order ; Companions 
attach the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with 
white and adorned with blue and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. Desig- 
nations and limits (as increased in 1903) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G. C.S.I. ... 36 members, 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K. C.S.I. ... 85 ,, 

3rd Companions The letters C.S.I. ...170 „ 

In 1st Class, jB each European and Indian ; ex-Viceroys additional. 

The Most Distinguished Order op St. Michael and St. George.— Though 
clearly older than the preceding and now of much wider application, this Order has 
been placed after it in dignity, because, having been originally established (in 
1818) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the protec- 
torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands 
g.c.m.g. and of Malta, and to " such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean: 1 ' indeed, it was not made 
applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the ' ' Star 
of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, 
and twenty-five respectively ; but it was enlarged successively in 1868, 1877, 1879, and 
1887, till it has corae to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 
in either Colonial or Foreign Affairs. It now comprises the Sovereign, the Grand 
Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, with foreign 
Princes and persons of distinction (who are Honorary Members), and the ordinary 
Knights and Companions as below. Its officers are the Prelate, Chancellor, Secretary, 
King of Arms, and Registrar : the Colonial Office is its Chancery, and there is now 
added a Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge 
is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four : 
on one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St, 
George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris 
eevi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading 
like the Badge, and with narrow ones of gold between, whilst in the centre is the 
figure of St. George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a 
cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear 
in our illustration). That of Knights Commanders is smaller and of only four 
rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), 
Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front 
centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the 
three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are 
of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the latter surmounted with white and black ostrich 
feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear "supporters." The following are 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," whilst the two Indian Orders alone substitute 
" Grand Commanders "), also the statutory limits of each Class as extended in 1902, 
and not exceeded by more than a hundred in even the 3rd Class : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.M.G. ...100 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders ..Sir A.B., K.C.M.G. ...300 „ 

3rd ,, Companions The letters CM. G. 

The Foreign Office may designate 30 of the 1st Class, 90 of the 2nd, and 180 of the 3rd. 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 65 

The Most Eminent Order op the Indian Empire.— The Order so entitled was 
instituted by her late Majesty on January 1, 1878, and for the purpose of commemorating 
" her proclamation in the previous year as Empress of India. It is awarded for a 
like purpose with the Order of the Star of India, though inferior to it in rank. In 
1886 it was enlarged, and again at the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. It now con- 
sists of the Sovereign, the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members 
of the Royal Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there 
exists the special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions 
ex officio. Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Classes were added 
in that year. Its officers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations are the Badge, Star, 
Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an open 
red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto "Imperatricis 
auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria Impera- 
trix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar but 
larger crown in the Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the 
Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
I gold and silver rays ; for the Second CI ass these rays are all silver. The Collar, worn by the 
First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c, Companions 
I attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
the Star. Designations, with limits (ex- Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B,, G.C.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A. B., K.C.I. E. ... 92 „ 

3rd „ Companions The letters CLE. ...unlimited. 

The CLE. appointments each year are limited to 20 (40 in 1903) + vacancies through promotion (not death). 

The Royal Victorian Order.— This last of our Orders of Knighthood, which dates 
only from 1896, was designed as a recognition of personal services to Queen Victoria, 
but since her decease it has been enormously increased in numbers, and 
additions, in fact, are now made to it every few days. It had been anticipated, 
on the contrary, that it would now have been wholly closed ; but our present 
esteemed Monarch retains it under the nomenclature adopted by his mother, 
and it was her foible to connect herself in some way personally with every one 
of the many Orders or Decorations which she instituted. The Court Journal 
incidentally remarked that such had not been the practice of British Sovereigns 
before her ; and the creations instituted by King Edward make it probable 
that such practice is now at an end. The Order under consideration comprises 
no fewer than five Classes, of which the 1st is to take precedence after G.C.I.E., the 2nd 
after K.C.I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelors, the 4th after CLE., and the 5th 
after I.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., styled "Commander," is 
superior to a C.B. (at first he was superior even to a Knight Bachelor). Higher than all 
J these classes there is the Victorian Chain, which is regularly restricted to the Royal 
■ Family and its connections abroad, but is also held by the Dukes of Argyll and Fife, 
the Marquess of Lansdowne, and Lord Curzon of Kedleston. The numerous 
1 foreign members are Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on J une 20, the 
day of her late Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and the Secretary, 
who are respectively the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Keeper of 
the Privy Purse for the time being. The decorations are the Badge, Star, and 
Ribbon. The Badge, for the 1st Class, is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, with 
a crimson oval in the centre containing the royal and imperial cipher and the name 
I "Victoria," all in gold letters, the name being surrounded by a blue circle surmounted 
by a crown ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but smaller, and for the 4th smaller 
; still ; for the 5th i t is the size of the 4th, but with the cross in frosted silver instead of 
white enamel. The Star for the 1st Class is silver chipped, with eight points, and having 
a smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 2nd Class it is in the form of a 
Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having the reproduced Badge in 
•'frosted silver instead of enamel: it is not worn by the three lower Classes. The Ribbon 
is of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes — red, white, and red again ; for 
the 1st Class it is 3! ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder to below the left 




arm, having the Badge suspended to it ; for the and and 3rd Classes it is if ins. broad 
and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is i| ins. broad and attached to the 
left breast. The numbers of all the Classes are unlimited, and the following are the 

designations : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., CKC.V.O. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.V.O. 

3rd „ Commanders The letters C.V.O. 

$ i S£g t 8fc::::::::::::::::::::::::::: } The «*» 

The Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order.— This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1 815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto " Nec aspera terrent " (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.G.H. (Knight Grand Cross of Hanover)— H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
K.C.H. (Knight Commander of Hanover— last, Sir Woodbine Parish, who died 1881), 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover— corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir "J. 
Baron von Pawel-Ilamniingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country. 

Knights Bachelor. — In strict terms these do not constitute an "Order, 'though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 

thave mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 
Knights were known simply as "Knights," or Equites Aurati ; it must be added 
that "Bachelors" {Milites Bacchilarii) were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modern "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of "bas chevalier," as implying a lower 
rank of Knights tnan those who received the honour under the royal banner; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by J araes the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at his own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have." A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! 

A few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal system, 
and the possession of a Knight's fee (a stated piece of land worth about £20 in the 13th 
century) gave not only a claim to but an enforcement of the title. Still, though it might 
be a burden it was an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts 
the honour was degraded as above, whilst the ancient requirement to provide troops for the 
King was maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from the promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ,£100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the 12th of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished — the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for which they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1904 the fees on the letters patent (^50) and on the warrant for the 
same (,£10) were wholly abolished. 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
" Knight" or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 60) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming an Order. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland can create Knights Bachelor. 

Companionage and Decorations. 6j 

Oeder op Merit. — King Edward > in June 1902 instituted this Order, which at 
present occupies a very anomalous position, conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
ship of the Order of the Bath (from G.C.B. to C.B.). It is designed as a 
special distinction for men eminent in any department whatever— war, science, 
literature, or art— without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens 
that of the twelve originally appointed, all but one were either a Peer, Knight, 
o.m. Mil. or p r ivy Councillor. The Order is limited in numbers to 24, with the addition 
of foreign Honorary Members, and its only Officer is the Secretary and Regis- 
trar, who is the Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department for the 
time being. The Badge is a species of cross of red and blue enamel, and its 
inner portion bears the words "For Merit" in gold letters within a laurel 
wreath, the reverse containing the royal and imperial cipher : in the cases of 
naval and military men two silver swords with gilt hilts are added, as shown 
in the cut. The whole is attached to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended 
by a broad ribbon of Garter-blue and crimson, and worn from the neck. The Secretary's 
badge has the substitution of two silver pens in the place of the swords. The Order 
has an anniversary day fixed for June 26 (that intended for the Coronation). Its 
designation is the letters O.M. 

The Distinguished Service Order.— In this also and some following Orders we may 
be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members being Companions only. The 
present Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian, 
the sequence of Companions &c. thus becoming— C.V.O., C.B., C.S.I., C.M.G., 
CLE., M.V.O. 4 th Class, D.S.O., I.S.O., M.V.O. 5th Class. The Order 
under notice was instituted by her late Majesty in 1886, its purpose being the 
recognition of special services of commissioned officers in the Army and. Navy. The 
Sovereign is at its head and its numbers are unlimited (now about 1650). Its Badge is 
a gold cross enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown surrounded by a 
wreath of laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground) ; on the reverse side 
there is now the cipher ER VII within a similar wreath : this is worn attached to the 
left breast by a red ribbon edged blue. Designation, the letters D.S.O. 

Imperial Service Order. — King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902, insti- 
tuted this Order. It is restricted to members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) 
branches of the Civil Service, and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, and Companions (not exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 4.25, 
of whom 250 may belong to the Home Services and 175 to the Colonial. _ Those 
of the former class must, as a rule, have rendered 25 years of meritorious 
service, and those of the latter 16 ; but these rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even 
subject to alteration. Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled. Secretary and 
Registrar. The Badge is a medallion to be worn on the left breast, bearing on one side 
the royal cipher, and on the other the words, "For Faithful Service," the lettering 
being m dark blue enamel upon a shield of gold girt with a laurel wreath and sur- 
mounted by a crown. (The minor honour of the Imperial Service Medal, like the 
above, but of silver, is announced as designed for award to those who have served 
the full terms ivithout displaying any particular merit.) Designation, the letters I.S.O. 
By a Warrant issued December 11, 1906, this Order confers precedence next after the 
preceding, but all those that follow are honours only and give no rank. 

The Royal Order of Victoria and Albert (for Ladies).— Instituted in 1862, and 
enlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880, but no fresh conferments are now made. It copiprises 
Her Majesty Queen Alexandra and four Classes, of which the First consists of Princesses 
of the Royal Family with some foreign Queens, the Second of Royal ladies less near to 
our Royal Family, and the Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility. Badge, 
in the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, differing 
in the width and jewelling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the fourth 
substitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
which is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. Designation, the letters Y.A. 

The Imperial Order of the Crown of India (for Ladies).— Instituted Jan. 1/1878, 
and for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. r It 
consists of her present Majesty with some Royal Princesses, and the female relatives of 
Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection with India. 
Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an Heraldic Crown 

a 2 



and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. Designation, the 
letters C.I. No conferment has been made since 1900. 

The Order of St. John op Jerusalem. — Though containing "Knights of Justice" 
and " of Grace," this Order is no more than an honorary title. Its Maltese prototype 
arose in the century of the Norman Conquest, and by about 1100 it was established in 
England, making its headquarters the Priory of St. J ohn in Clerkenwell, of which the 
ancient gateway still remains ; the Sisters of the Order were located at Bucklands in 
Somersetshire. It began as a voluntary confraternity for the relief of pilgrims to 
Jerusalem, and a similar object has all along been kept before it, its present English 
namesake having offshoots such as the St. John Ambulance Association and the British 
Ophthalmic Hospital at J erusalem. A charter was granted to the British Order by Queen 
Victoria in 1888, its full title being therein given as "The Grand Priory of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England." Besides the above Knights it possesses 
Ladies of Justice and of Grace, as well as Chaplains and Esquires ; and for officials it 
has its Grand Prior and Sub-Prior, Bailiff of Egle, and a long string besides. Its 
Badge is a Maltese Cross deeply cleft, with alternately a lion and a unicorn between 
the branches ; it is of gold or silver according to the grade, and is worn suspended from 
a black watered silk ribbon. Its medal, with a device like that of the Badge upon one 
side and a sprig of St. John's wort upon the other, is conferred for acts of gallantry 
involving risk of life. The fraternity may be described as a Protestant analogue to the 
Roman Catholic Order known as "The Knights of Malta" (hence the Maltese Cross), 
it having long settled in that island after migrating from Jerusalem to Acre and thence 
to Rhodes ; but the two are absolutely unconnected. 

Military Knights of Windsor.— A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, are granted a pension ranging from ^50 to ,£130 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, confers no more of a title than does a suite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
Up till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
the will of S. Travers, Esq. ), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
amounts to £7$ a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from 1349, 
having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
constituted "The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter" as it then was, and they 
continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
the Sovereign in his capacity as head of that Order. Till 1906 they formed part of an 
ecclesiastical college under its Registrar, the Dean of Windsor, but the control is now jj 
transferred to the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Castle, whilst the Governor of 
the Order is now a superior officer, not one of the Knights. Their pay comes from the 
revenues of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every K.G. has upon appoint- 
ment to contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that 
of the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Fourth, who j 
prefixed the word " Military " to their title. Under Charles the First the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queen 
Elizabeth drew up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the j^ear, and must attend St. George's Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides acting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 

The Victoria Cross (TO) was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of conspicuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displaj r ed by 

# either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and file and 
non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field -Marshals 
and Admirals of the Fleet, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers ; the Militia also are now included if they have 
been serving under regular officers. Conjoined with the decoration is the confer- 
ment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of £10 per annum and an 
additional ^5 for each Bar, as immediately to be explained ; and what is still more, 
this £10 may be increased to £$o (at the option of the Secretary for War or First 
Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. The Badge consists in a cross-pattee of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion above it, and a scroll below bearing the words 
" For Valour." Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 


6 9 

ribboii is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The Gross is usually styled 
" Maltese/' but this Cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the ends 
as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St. George, and the Royal 

I Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never cloven 
at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
as from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

The Conspicuous Service Cross (C.S.C.), instituted by King Edward in 1901, is also 
a decoration in reward of "distinguished service before the enemy," but is specially 
designed for bestowal on Warrant Officers and subordinate officers in the Fleet who do 

[ not hold commissions in the Navy. It consists of a silver cross with the reverse side 
plain, but on the obverse the cipher ERI surmounted by an Imperial Crown. 

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which was very extensively awarded after the 
South African War, is a like decoration, designed for warrant and non-commissioned 
officers and men. Its equivalent in the Navy is termed the Conspicuous Gallantry 

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) is an honour for rewarding the 
I meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must be or have been in 
! commission and have served twenty years, though a provision is made allowing half the 

time spent in other military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
1 able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 

Gazette. The Badge is an oak wreath in silver with the cipher ER and an Heraldic 

Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a 

silver oak bar-brooch. 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
i recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry m Saving 
Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
now two Classes, the Badge of the one having a golden centre with a bronze garter 
around it, that of the other being wholly in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an 
Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which in the Sea Division an anchor is added. 
The suspending ribbon in this Division is of dark blue, with four white stripes in the 
First Class and two in the Second ; in the Land Division it is crimson with similar 
white stripes. An added Bar records an additional act of gallantry. — Another 
"Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, is given by the Society of Arts. 

The Royal Red Cross (R.R.C.— for Ladies), founded 1883, is a distinction conferred 
upon ladies of any rank or position, whether subjects or foreigners, who may be brought 
to the Sovereign's notice for acts of mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of 
war. It has the Queen and several Royal Princesses at its head. Badge, a cross-patted 
enamelled crimson which has hitherto borne her late Majesty's effigy in the centre on 
one side, on the reverse the cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words 
"Faith," "Hope," "Charity," "1883." The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied In a 
bow and worn on the left shoulder. 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the First 
! Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 
j State for India ; the Second as the grant of the Governor-General. The medal is an 
oval-shaped badge— in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second— with the 
Royal cipher on one side, and on the reverse side the words "Kaisar-i-Hind — for 
Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blue ribbon. 
Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Indian Distinguished Service Medal was established in 1907 as a reward for 
commissioned or non-commissioned officers of the regular or other forces employed in 
India. It is a silver medal with the King's effigy on one side and on the obverse a 
laurel wreath with the words "For Distinguished Service." It is to be worn on the left 
breast by a red ribbon edged with blue. It may be conferred also by the Viceroy 
of India. 

The Order of Mercy (both sexes) was established in 1899 (now with the King as 
its Sovereign), in connection with the League of Mercy, an institution also founded in 
- 1899 by Royal Charter to promote the welfare of Hospitals by obtaining small sub- 
scriptions for King Edward's Hospital Fund for London, &c. The Order, which has 
been awarded to a number of officers and members of the League, is conferred by the 



King as a reward for personal services only, which must have been gratuitously ren- 
dered in connection with the relief of sickness, suffering, poverty, or distress. 
It consists of a red cross surmounted by the Prince of Wales's feathers, and having 
in the centre a group of figures representing " Charity," by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The 
Prince and Princess of Wales are the Grand President and Lady Grand President of 
both League and Order ; the Hon. Secretaries are Lord Wolverton, Sir William J. 
Collins, M.D., M.P., and Mr. J. Harrison, M.V.O. ; and the Treasurer is Sir Henrv 
Burdett, K.C.B. Mr. E. W. Wallington, C.M.G., is Hon. Registrar of the Order, 
and the Secretary is Mr. Harold E. Beaumont. 

The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather than of title, 
it being a head-dress which can legally be worn only by servants of royalty and of 
naval and military officers, diplomatists, and the lieutenants, deputy-lieutenants, and 
high sheriffs of counties. As worn by these its colour is black— circular with a 
projecting fan for military and semi-military men, and oval without fan for naval 
officers. Its introduction into England in these forms was due to the House of Hanover, 
those who adopted it signifying thereby their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of 
various colours had been here known long previous to their time. Under Charles the Eirst 
there was a scarlet cockade, but under his son the colour w T as changed to white, and 
"the white cockade" became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (in accord with his title "Prince of Orange," a small 
principality now belonging to France). At that date "to mount the cockade" 
implied simply "to become a soldier," the white or oraaige denoting the party. 
The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London in the foreign 
liveries of carriage attendants — black and white for Prussia; black, white, and red for 
Germany ; black and yellow for Austria ; blue and white for Bavaria ; the tricolour for 
E-rance ; scarlet for Spain ; blue and white for Portugal ; and black, red, and yellow 
for Belgium. The word was borrowed from the French cocardc, having originally been 
applied to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian soldiers serving in the 
French army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of ribbons, came to be used 
in pinning up the flaps of the hat into a cocked position, and thus gradually the word 
passed for the name of the " cocked " hat itself. (This paragraph is mainly based upon 
an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical Magazine for June 1899.) 



The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders' it 
desirable that some explanation of their titles as well as of their names should be 
supplied to English readers. For that which we here present, as also for a considerable 
amount of rearrangement in the Directory, we are indebted in the first place to 
Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffield, but formerly of Calcutta, the one as 
proprietor and editor of the Indian Daily News, and the other as a practising barrister 
in the Supreme Court. Their generous help has been supplemented and greatly 
extended by the kindness of Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. Burne, G.C.I.E. ; and for some 
additions we are indebted to Sir Roper Lethbridge's admirable compilation ' The 
Golden Book of India.' 

Taking up the names first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unfrequently a man has to be 
entered under the first of his names, be it "Christian" name or not. "In Bengal," 
says our informant, "a Hindu generally has three names, just as the old Roman had 
his prcensmen, nornen, and cognomen. The first would be the personal name (' Christian' 
name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." Thus the 
order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, " Marcus Tullius Cicero " 
has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of the 
Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 
"some seeming to have no family name at all, as Khadia Bux = 'the gift of God;'" 
to which may be appended the range of variations from the lengthy 'Abdul Fayal 
Muhammad Abdur Rahman" to the single name "Buddhu." 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multiplicity. Here again we 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 

Native Mastetn Names and Titles* 

medans, the highest in rank with the former being Maharaja and with the latter Nawab, 
with the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Some titles are 
hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those nominally such (and of these there are 
no less than some 620) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by our 
Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary. It must be added 
that though caste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with 
the titles. Amir, Khan, &c, are confusingly used as both titles and names. 
Ahluwalia— Prince, head of a princely family. 
Akhundzada — son of a head officer. 

Amir (corruptly Emir)—- a Mohammedan Chief, a man of high rank ; ako often a personal name. 
Baba or Babu — lit. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Bahadur — lit. " noble," or " warrior : " a title much valued by Mohammedans and often bestowed by 
Government ; added to other titles it ~ " Hon.," but if alone it may designate a petty ruler. 
Bakhshi—a, Revenue Officer or Magistrate. 

Begum— feminine of " Nawab," combined as " Nawab Begum" in Bhopal, 
Besar— understood to mean a large land-owner. 
Bhup—a, sovereign or king (used in one locality only). 
Chhatrapati— implying one who has an umbrella carried over him. 
Dada — lit. " grandfather" (paternal) : any venerable person. 
Deb — a Brahminical priestly title ; it is the name of a divinity. 

Dhiraj — "Lord of the Lands " (comp. " Besar ") ; added to Raja it means " paramount." 

Diwan — a First Minister to a native Mohammedan prince, a Vizier ; also a Council of State. 

Qaekwar or Guicowar — title of the ruler of Baroda, with "Maharaja" added. (Hindu); it was once a 

caste name, and means " cowherd," implying, the protector of the sacred animal. 
Kazi—a. Judge. 

Khan—ovig. the ruler of a small Mohammedan State, now a prized but nearly empty title, and very 

commonly used as a name, especially as an adjunct to Afghan or Pathan names. 
Kunwar or Kumar — heir to a title, son of a Raja. 

Lokindra — " Protector of the World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Duttia. 

Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hindus, or else a personal distinction con- 
ferred by Government. Maharaj Dhiraj, Lord Paramount ; Maharana and Maharao are 
merely variants of Maharaja, of which Maharani is the feminine {maha = great). 

Mian— like the Scottish " Master " (son of a Rajput Prince) . 

Mir—a. chief or leader, an inferior title which, like " Khan," has grown into a name. 
Mirza—ii prefixed, " Mr. ; " if following, " Prince." 
Moulvi — a learned man or teacher. 
Mudeliar — " Steward of the Lands." 

Mumtaz-ud-Daula— distinguished in the State. Myowun — <; Mr." 

Nawab— orig. a Viceroy under the Mogul Government ; the title of a Mohammedan prince, inferior 

only to " Nizam ; " also a Government bestowal on men of high rank. 
Nizam— the title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the leading Mohammedan prince in India. 
Pandit or Pundit — a learned man. _ 

Raja— a Prince, a title given largely to Hindus of rank, similar to "Maharaja" but lower. It has 

the similar variations Raj, Ra?ia, and Rao, also the feminine Rani. 
Rani— Queen. 

Saheb— the native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
" Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb," but inaddressing it would be " Saheb," 
fern. "Saheba," without the name); occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master) . The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 
Sahibzada — son of a person of consequence. 

Said, Sayid, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, Syicd— various forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 

male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 
Sawai—a, Hindu title implying a slight distinction (lit. one-fourth better than others). 
Sawbwa—a chief. 
Shahzada— son of a Prince. 

Sirdar (properly Sardar)— a leading Government official entrusted with either the civil or military or 
both departments of the State ; a chief or head man, or even a Grand Vizier. 

Sri or Shri— lit. fortune, wealth : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person whom they 
regard with special respect (never addressed £t>him) ; used also of divinities. The two forms 
of spelling are occasioned by the intermediate sound of the s (that of s in the German Stadt). 
, Sultan — Prince. 

I Talpur— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

I Thakur — an equivalent to " Raja," and also Hindu ; used locally in Central and N.W. India, 
i Zemindar— a, landowner. 


I I . Most of the following have been kindly supplied us by the Earl of Cromer : 
j Emir — like " Amir" of previous list. 

1 Ferik—a. Vice- Admiral. 

j Ghaly—a, word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in " Boutros Ghaly Pacha." 
; Kaid— used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province. 
Mudir—a, Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 
! Yaver— an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Vaver Pacha." 




The English College cf Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate body originally 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are appointed on the nomination of the 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remuneration, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive from 
private practice, though one Herald ard one Pursuivant are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they are in no degree 
connected with either the Earl Marshal or Garter. The duty of the various Offices is 
to attend to all matters of pedigrees, honours, and precedence ; and to arrange all state 
ceremonies in their respective countries. The rank of the three English Kings remains 
invariably in the order given below, but that of the Heralds and Pursuivants changes 
with personal seniority. 

The three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in the 
tabard or sleeveless coat — that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arms are 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak-leaves, and they 
wear gold collars of SS., which perhaps means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, one of the 
Kings tells us, is " hotly controverted " (the term occurs in Shakespeare's ' Henry VIII.,' 
Act iv., Scene i.) ; they are assigned official arms to impale with their own (for Garter 
see further under that Order). The Heralds have similar collars, but of silver ; their 
designation is solely in connection with "heraldry,' - ' the trumpeters attending them 
upon state ceremonies whenever the more ordinary function of a "herald" has to be 

List of Kings of Arms. 
(For names see below. 
Garter— Principal King for England. 

Clarenceux- for England E., W., & S. of the Trent. 
Norroy -for England North of the Trent. 

Lyon— fox Scotland. 
Ulster— for Ireland. 
College of Arms, Queen Victoria St., E.C. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms. 
Garter^- Sir Alfred Scott Scott- Gatty, C.Y.O.. 

Clarenceux— George Edwd. Cokayne, Esq., MA., 

Norroy — William Henry Weldon, Esq., C.V.O., 

Chester— Henry Murray Lane, Esq. 
Lancaster— Edward Bellasis, Esq. 
Somerset— Henry Farnham Burke, Esq., C.V.O., 

F.SA. (Registrar). 
Richmond— Chaa. Harold Athill, Esq., F.S.A. 
Windsor— "Win. Alex. Lindsay, Esq., K.C., M.A., 


Fork— Gordon Ambrose De Lisle Lee, Esq. 

Rouge Dragon — Everard Green, Esq., F.S.A. 
Portcullis— Thos. Morgan Joseph -Watkin, Esq., 

B.A., F.S.A. 
Rouge Croix — Arthur Wm, Steuart Cochrane, 


Bluemantle— Gerald Woods Wollaston, Esq., 

Earl Marshal's Sec, W. H. Weldon, Esq., 
C.V.O. (Norroy King of Arms). 

Regist., H. F. Burke, Esq., C.V.O. (Somerset 

Lyon Court, General Eegister House, Edinburgh. 

King of Arms. 
Lyon— Sir James Balfour Paul, F.S. A.Scot. 

Albany— Eobert Spence Livingstone, Esq. 
Ross — Andrew Boss, Esq., Solic. to Supr. Ct. 
Rothesay— Francis Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. 

Scot. (Lyon Clerk). 

Carrick— William Bae Macdonald, Esq., F.S.A. 

Sect., Fell, of Fac. of Actuaries. 
March— Capt. Geo. Sitwell Campbell-Swinton, 

F.S.A. Scot. 

Unicorn — John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot, 
L yon Clerk and Keeper of Records— Francis 

"Jas. Grant. Esq., W.S., F.S.A.Scot. 
Procurator Fiscal — David Scott-MoncriefF, 

Esq., W.S. 
Herald Painter— Graham Johnston, Esq. 
Macei — Robt. Gardiner, Esq. 


Office of Arms, Record Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms. 
C/toer— Sir Arthur Edwd. Vicars, K.C.V.O., F.S.A. 

Dull in— Fras. Richd. Shackleton, Esq. 
Cork— Pierce G. Mahoney, Esq. 

Athlone— Francis Bennett Goldney, Esq. 




The relative positions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this wc meet with a statute passed under 
Henry the Seventh, and a more important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
which has since been looked upon a3 the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, there being no recognition of Colo- 
nial Governors, military or naval commanders, or of the eons of Peers' eldest sons, whilst 
till December 1905 the office of Prime Minister was absent. Hereditary precedence 
as a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
offspring. Men possessing two claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher: yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Barony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks to that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it will 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of hie predecessor, as they themselves will 
have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official — as that of the 
Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session — confers no precedence whatever upon 
the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as only one degree lower than the 
younger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers any precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the Royal Family, whilst Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, ' Burke ' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marquesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of seniority of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 

Table of General Precedence — Men. 

The Sovereign. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Sovereign's grandsons. 
Sovereign's brothers. 
Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nephews. 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor. 
Archbishop of York. 
Primd Minister. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Lord President of the Council. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Five following State Officers if Dukes : 
z, Lord Great Chamberlain, when on duty ; 2, Earl 
Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 

of Household ; 5, Master of the Horse. 
Dukes of England in order of dates of their patents. 
Dukes of Scotland. 
Dukes of Great Britain. 
Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 
Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Five State Officers as above if Marquesses. 
Marquesses of England &c., in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Five State officers as above, if Earls. 
Earls, in same order as Dukes. 
Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Five State officers as above, if Viscounts. 
Visoounts, in same order as Dukes. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester 

(in that order). 
Other English Bishops, in order of consecration. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Five above Officers of State, if Barons. 
Secretaries of State and Irish Secretary, if Barons 
(Order— Home, Foreign, Colonial, War, India, Irish). 
Barons, in same order as Dukes. 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Treasurer of the Household. 
Comptroller of the Household. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State &c, below rank of Barons. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter if Commoners. 
Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of England. 
Master of the Rolls. 
Lord Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 
Judges of the High Court of Justice. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronets of either Kingdom (concurrently). 
Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Indian Empire. 
Knights Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order. 
Knights Commanders of the above five Orders, 
in same sequence. 
Knight Bachelors. 
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Judges of County Courts and of City of Lond. Ct. 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Companions of first four of the above five Orders, in 
same sequence. 
Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 
Companions of the Imperial Service Order. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Eldest sons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 
Members (Class 5) of the Royal Victorian Order. 

Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 

Locally, the Lieut, of a County precedes the Sheriff. 



Knights of the Thistle and St. Patrick are wholly overlooked (Burke now inserts the 
latter next after the Garter), but as they are invariably of some other high rank the 
omission is of no practical consequence. We have omitted not only these, but also three 
or four offices which are now non-existent. In University Precedence we have Doctors 
(in the order— D.D., D.C.L. or LL.D., M.D., Mus. D., D. Litt., D. Sc.), Bachelors of 
the same faculties, then Masters of Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative 
Ranks of Army and Navy, see the Almanack. The order of Legal Precedence is, for 
the highest officials, given under the general list above ; but for the remaining 
classes we must append the following after " Judges of the High Court : " 

Judge Advocate-General. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland, 
King's Counsel. 
Recorder of London. 
Common Serjeant of London. 
Attorney-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 

Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Irish Bishops :" 

i in Chancery 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Doctors of Civil Law. 
Barristers with patents of precedence 
Other Barristers. 
King's Remembrancer. 

Bishop of Sodor and Man. 
Scottish Bishops. 
Colonial Bishops. 
Bishop? Suffragan, Retired, Assistant, and 
Missionary Bishops 

Rectors of degree D.D. 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 

Precedence among Ladies* 

As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if married and of 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading " Nomenclature of 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- 
ticular, we may here repeat that whilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Lord, the 
married daughter of a Peer may either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to 
her former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 
so styled, see page 76) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. The mere official rank of the husband as a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The following is the order observed : 

Wives of eldest sons of Viscounts. 

Daughters of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Earls, 
Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 
Daughters of Barons. 
Maids of Honour. 
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Barons. 
Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Peers. 

Wives of Baronets. 
Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 
Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Older. 
Wives of Companions. 
Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 
Wives of Companions of the Dist. Sen*. Order. 
Wives of Companions of the Imper. Seiv. Order. 
Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 
Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 
Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 
Wives of Members (5th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 
Wives of younger sons of Peers' younger sons. 
Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 
Wives of younger sons of Knights. 
Wives of Esquires. 
Wives of Gentlemen. 

The Princess of Wales. 
Sovereign's daughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 
Daughters of Sovereign's sons. 
Daughters of the Princess Royal, then of other Princesses 
Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 
Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nieces. 
Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 
Duchesses (in order of Dukes). 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 
Daughters of Dukes. 

Wivee ofyounger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses. 
Daughters of Marquesses. 
Wives of younger sons of Dukes. 
Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 
Daughters of Earls. 
Wives of younger sons of Ma-iquesBeS. 



Local Precedence. 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
rank in a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
the City of London the order is— Lord Mayor (on City state occasions he ranks next 
to the Sovereign ; in the County of London the Duke of Fife, as Lord Lieutenant, 
would have pre-eminence), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the 
Chair, Sheriffs, Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Remem- 
brancer (no position is yet assigned to the new office of Lieutenant, of which there are 
not far short of four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor 
first unless there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At 
Oxford and Cambridge the Sheriff takes precedence of the Vice-Chancellor. 

Precedence in Scotland. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord nigh Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly 
(while that Assembly is sitting). 
The Duke of Rothesay (Pr. of Wales). 
Younger sons of the Sovereign. 
Grandsons, brothers, uncles, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 
Lords Lieutenant of Counties, Lord Provosts of Cities, 
and Sheriffs Principal (successively— within their 
own localities and during holding of office). 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if Peers). 
Hereditary High Constable. 
Hereditary Master of the Household. 
Dukes (successively) of England, Scotland, Gc. Britain, 
and United Kingdom (including Ireland since date of 

Eldest sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls, in order as Dukes, 
lounger sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if not Peers). 
Lord Justice-General. 
Lord Clerk-Register. 

Lord Advocate. 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 
Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 

Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter. 
Privy Councillors not included in above ranks. 
Senators of Coll. of Justice (Lords of Session). 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Knights of the Thistle. 
Knights of St. Patrick. 
Knights of other Orders as in England. 
Solicitor-General for Scotland. 
Lyon King of Arms. 
Sheriffs Principal. 
Knights Bachelor. 
Sheriffs Substitute. 
Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons successively (from Garter to 

Members of Class 5 of Royal Victorian Order. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
King's Counsel. 

Precedence in Ireland. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord Lieutenant. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively), 
of the Sovereign. 
Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Archbishop of York. 
Archbishop of Armagh. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. 
Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 
together with Moderator Gen. Assemb. Presb. 
Ch. in Ireland. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 
Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. 
Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord Great Chamberlain. ^ Varied 
Earl Marshal. I as in 

Lord Steward of the Household. j Engld. 
Lord Chamberlain of ditto. J q.v. 
The Lord High Steward (Hered. Seneschal) of Ireland. 
Dukes, in same order as in England. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 

Younger eons of Dukes of the Blood Royal, 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
English Bishops as in England. 
Bishop of Meath. 
Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic, 
Secretaries of State, if Barons. 

Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 
Master of the Horse. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, 
Secretaries of State &c. if lower than a Baron (see 
General Table for order). 
Chief See. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter, Thistle, and St. Patrick. 
Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 
General Commanding the Forces in Ireland. 
Attorney-General of Ireland. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 
[The English order from here holds good to Knight 
Bachelors, inserting "Judicial Commissioner of Irish 
Land Commission" after other Judges.] 

Solicitor-General of Ireland. 
Judges of Court of Bankruptcy. 
Judges of County Courts. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Provost of Trinity College. 
Doctors of Divinity. 

Doctors of Laws. 
Doctors of Medicine. 

76 Introduction. 


V For Conclusion* ot Letters See near the eiul of section. 

Admiral ^--The title s*.nd name only, any other 
ascription following' the office thus: ""V ice- 
Admiral Lord A.,' Rear- Admiral the Eail of 
C." (Or "the Hon. C. D."). So with other Naval 
and Military Officers, q.v. 

Ai.derma n. — If of London, and having' passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Right Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — "Your Excellency" (but a 
Duke "Your Grace "); " His Excellency Sir Y. Z., 
H.B.M.'s Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of R." (but see Envoy 
or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

Archbishop.— " My Lord Archbishop," " Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord Archbishop of C; " 
in formal addresses " The Most Reverend Father 
in God, John, by Divine Providence, Archbishop 
of Canterbury}" elsewhere, " by Divine Permis- 
sion." (The Abp. of Armagh is in Ireland styled 
"His Grace the Lord Primate of All Ireland.") 
Wife, no title (nor precedence). 

Archdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
repeating), "The Venerable A. B.," or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of C." (not this last 
when retired) . 

Baron. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," " The 
Right Hon. Lord A." Baroness, "Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Right Hon. Lady A." 
(but "Baroness A." if the titleis inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Right Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The " being understood as a substitute for " Rt. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Duke. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or " Madam," " The Hon. C. D." 
Son's wife, " The Hon. Mrs. D." (of eldest son of 
present Peer) or "The Hon. Mrs. John D.," 
unless her own rank is higher, in which case attend 
to Note on " Marriage of Peeresses," at pp. 25-7. 

Baronet.— " Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
common, but without the surname it i.s rather 
too familiar to be used by inferiors), "Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Bt." preferred to "Bart."). 
Wife, "Madam," " Your Ladyship," "Lady A." 
(without any Christian name unless she is a Lady 
by birth, as daughter of a Duke, Marquess, or 
Earl, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ; " if 
daughter of a Viscount or Baron, "The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The"— see preceding paragraph) . For widow, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 

Bishop.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;" formally, 
"The Right Reverend Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial Bps. the same, and so also 
by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even Missionary Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Retired Bishop, " The Right Reverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but "My Lord." 
The Bishop of Meath takes the style of " Most 
Reverend," and so all Irish Roman Catholic 

Caito^— "Reverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating), 
4 « The Reverend Canon B." 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (Or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen.— " Reverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Rev. E. F.," "The Rev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Rev. the Hon." (so " Right 
Rev. the Hon.," " Rev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than "Hon. and Rev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
sometimes find the form "The Rev. and Hon." 

Companions of Knighthood. — No distinc- 
tion : "E. F., Esq., C.B." So with a C.V.O. 

Consul.— "B. C.,Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul atD." 

Countess. — See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords.— Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other sons, 
see under Duke &c. 

Dean. — "Very Reverend Sir," "Mr. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Rev. the Dean 
of B." But a Dean ought not to be addressed as 
Dean with his surname. 

Divorced Lady. — In her maiden name, but 
with " Mrs." instead of " Miss" (no retention of 
any former title whether claimed or not). If 
divorced on her own petition the presumption 
would seem to be that she would be eager to be 
quit of the obnoxious name ; but in spite of its 
gross inconsistency the retention appears to be 
the more customary course, and that even when 
merely the surname and not an actual title 
is concerned. Of course no such title would be 
recognised at Court, but the recent Cowley case 
has elicited a judgment from the House of Lords 
that, while such assumption can have no legal 
right, its conventional adoption cannot be inter- 
fered with by a Court of Law. and can only be 
dealt with by the Committee of Privileges. See 
f arther under " Divorcees " on p. 27. 

Dowager Ladies.— Directions for the correct 
use of the term "Dowager" or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 27. 
The forms of address will then be such as "The 
Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," " The 
Right Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," " Her Grace 
the Dowager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for "Rt. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or "Emily, Lady E." A Knight's widow suffers 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
wife where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 23) a Christian name can 
be prefixed to "Lady" when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager " shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We venture to recommend that 
it should follow when the name or title is not 
expressed (as "the Duchess Dowager," "The 
Lady Dowager"), but precede when that titleis 
given (as "The Dowager Duchess of A.," "The 
Dowager Countess of [or "Lady"] B."). 
We once even met with an advertisement com- 
mencing " Dowager the Lady H. will gladly," &c. 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title. 

Duke.— "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble "] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally, " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGrace." Duchess, "Madam," " YourGrace," 
" Her Grace the Duchess of A." For widow, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see under 
" Courtesy Titles," p. 24, and again address pre- 
cisely as if their father was an actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger son, "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," " The Lord Hemy C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C," unless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The Lady Sophia" will again 
be correct. For the status of married daughters of 
Dukes and other Peers, see art. on pp. 25-7. The 
prefix " Right Honourable " is by courtesy 
assigned to younger son3 and all daughters of 
Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughters of 
Earls (i.e., to those taking the title "Lord" or 
"Lady"), but it is seldom used in any of these 
cases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Right Hon. the Earl of A." Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Emperor.—" Sire," " Your Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy.— " A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of B." 

General.— See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony.—" His Excellency Sir 
A. B., the Governor of D." (if aThike "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
"Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colony). 

Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles like 
" The O'Donoghue " are complete without " Mr." 
or "Esq." Wives are addressed as " Madam." 

Judge op a County Court and of City of 
London Court.— " Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
bench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 
retirement) . 

Judge of Superior Court. — " Sir," "My 
Lord" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
(not after retirement). If a Peer, address as'such. 

Justice of the Peace. — Officially, "Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King.— <f Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence "Sire," or, 
" May it please Your Majesty." 

King's Counsel— "A. B., Esq., K.C." 

Knight.— As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
the correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
omitting any affix, though " Knight " is appended 
in formal style. Wife also as Baronet's. For a 
widow, see under Dowager Ladies. 

Knight of the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
Patrick.— A Peer bearing either of these titles 
should have the respective initials appended to 
his name— in fact, the initals of any Order. 

Lord Advocate.—" Sir," " The Right Honour- 

Lord of Appeal.— As other Barons. So wife, 
and now so children also. 

Lord Chancellor. — "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," "The Right Hon. the Lord High 


Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "The 
Rt. Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland).— "Your 
Grace," "His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Right Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E ." ) .—Distinguish "Lord of Ap- 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency ["Grace," if a Duke] the Lord Lieutenant," 
and according to rank . Wife , " Her Excellency ' ' 
(see " Precedence among Ladies "). 

Lord Mayor.— " My Lord," " Your Lordship," 
"The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Right Hon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness. 

Lord Provost.—" My Lord ; " in Edinburgh, 
" The Right Hon. the Lord Provost ; " in 
Glasgow &c.; " The Hon." Wife as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland) . — " My Lord," 
" Your Lordship," "The Hon. Lord A." Wife, 
" Madam," " Your Ladyship," " Lady A." 

Magistrate.— See Justice. 

Maid of Honour.— " Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss"). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank).— "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship" or "Ladyship," "The Most 
Noble the Baron B." 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," "My 
Lord," "Your Lordship," "The Most Hon. the 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of 
" Most Noble ") . Marchioness, " Madam," " Your 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. Sons &c, 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. 

Master (Scottish).—" The Hon. the Master of," 
and as Barons' sons. Wife, " The Hon. Mrs. A." 
(see p. 27). 

Master of the Rolls. — "Sir," "My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Right 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) 

Mayor.— " Sir," "The Worshiped the Mayor 
of D.," in a few cities "Right Worshipful." 
Wife, no distinction. 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. 
23). — " The Honourable." Wife, no distinction. 

Member of Parliament. — No distinction as 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c, when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — "Sir," "A. B., Esq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or "Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy. 

Moderator of General Assembly (Scotland). 
— "Right Reverend Sir," "The Right Reve- 

Officers, Naval and Military.— See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Army and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing R.A., R.E., R.N., &c, when 
correct. When the prefix " Honourable " occurs 
there is not even in practice the same licence as 
under Clergymen, but the arrangement must be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt." implies 
" Honorary Captain." 

Premier. — According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty's Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland). — 
" Most Reverend Sir," " The Most Reverend the 
Lord Bishop of C." (or " Most Rev. Bishop A."). 



Prince ok Princess. — " Your Royal Highness," 
" His [Her] Royal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B.") 
Commence "Sir," or " Madam." 

Principal of a Scottish College. — "Very 
Reverend " (if in orders) . 

Privy Councillor. — " Right Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Commence "Sir" 
(unless holding rank) . Wife, as commoner. 

Queen. — " Your Majesty," "The Queen's 
Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 

Recorder.— " Sir," "Your Worship," "The 
Worshipful ; " but in London, " Right Worship- 

Secretary of State. — " His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
prefixing rank, if any. 

Serjeant-at-Law. — " Mr. Serjeant A." 

Sheriff of London. — As Recorder of ditto. 

Speaker.— " The Right Honourable the 

Viscount.— " The Right Hon. the Viscount 
[or "the Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a 
Baron. Viscountess, " The Right Hon. the Vis- 
countess A." Son ox daughter, precisely as under 

Widows. — See Dowager Ladies. 

Conclusions of Letters.— As these are too 
lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. — "I remain. Sir, with the greatest 
respect, Your Royal Highness's most dutiful and 
most obedient servant." 

Duke or Archbishop. — "I have the honour to 
be, My Lord Duke [Archbishop], Your Grace's 
most obedient and humble servant." 

Other Peer. — "I have the honour to be, My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Feer^s Son or Daughter .— -If styled "Lord" or 
"Lady," "I have the honour to be, My Lord 
[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If ' ' Honourable," 
"I have the honour to be, Sir [Madam], your 
obedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, ox Judge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be, 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but "Very Reverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman.— 1 ' I am, Reverend Sir, your obedient 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c— 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below), Sanitary, and School 
Boards, County Councils, &c, may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies. — " The Worshipful." 

Gen. Assembly of Church of Scotland. — "The 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Leiand in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Lords. — " The Right Honourable the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c, as 

Inns of Court.— -"The Honourable Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners.—" 'The Right Honour- 

Presbyteries.— •" The Reverend." 
Provincial Synods (Scotland),— " The Very 

Beware of confounding the following groups : 
Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdour, Ld. 
Addington, Bn., and Haddington, E. 
Alington and Allerton, Bns. 
Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bn. 
Annaly, Bn., and Annesley, E. 
Arbuthnott, V. ; and Arbuthnot, Bt. and Kt. 
Arundel and Surrey and Arundell of Wardour, 
Ashburnham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 
Ashton and Ashtown, Bns. 

Barring ton, V. , Carrington, E. , and Harrington, E. 

Beaumont, Bnss., and Bowmont, M. 

Bessborough, E., and Desborough, Bn. 

Brooke (Warwick) and Brooks (Crawshaw), sums. 

Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 

Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh, Ld. 

Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 

Balfour of Burleigh. 
Camden, M., and Campden, V. 
Carleton, Bn. (E. of Shannon), and Carlton, V. 

(E. of Wharncliff e) . 
Castlestewart, E., and Stuart of Castle Stuart, Bn. 
Clandeboye and Claneboye, both M. of Dufferin. 
Clanmaurice, V., and ClaninoiTLs, Bn, 
Clifden, V., Clifton Ld., and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 
Clifford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 
Courtenay, Ld., and Courtney of Penwith, Bn. 
Curzon, V., and Curzon of Kedleston, Bn. 
Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 
Desart and Dysart, Earls. 
Dudley, E., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 
Ebrington and Errington, Viscts. 
Eliot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Minto), surns. 
Emly, Bn., and Elmley and Emlyn, Viscts. 

Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), sums. 
Eitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and FitzMaurice (Ork- 
ney), surns. [surns. 
Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzRoy (Grafton), 
Forester, Eng. Bn., and Forrester, Scot. 
French (De Ireyne)and Ffrench (Ffrench), surns. 
Galloway, E., and Galway, V. 
Garioch, Ld., and Garnock, V. 
Giffard (Halsbury) and Gifford (Gifford), sums. 
Gifford, Bn., and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., Guilford, E., and Guildford, Bp. 
Glenesk and Glanusk, Bns. 
Gray, Bnss., and Grey, E. and Bt. 
Grimston, Vise, and Grimthorpe, Bn. 
Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 
Harberton, V., and Hatherton, Bn. 
Hepburn-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepburne- 

Scott (Polwarth), surns. 
Herschell,Bn., and Herschel, Bt. 
Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 
Killala and Killaloe, Ir. Bprics. 
Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Kinnear, Bna., and 

Kynnaird, V. 
Kingsborough, V., and Krngsburgh, Ld. of Sessn. 
Kinloss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 
Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 
Lawless (Cloncurry) and Lawley (Wenlk.), surns. 
Lawrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 

(Howth), sums. ; also Vise. St. Lawrence. 
Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 

(Leigh), sums. 
Lifford, V., and Lilford, Bn. [Bn. 
Lindsay, Scot. E., and Lindsey, Eng. ; Lindley, 
Lisle and De L'Isle, Bns. 

Cautions as to Spelling, <&c. — London Clubs. 


Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham), 

Lucan, E., and Lucas, Bn. 

Manners, Bn., and Manvers, E. 

Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 

Marsham, V. and sum., and Masham, Bn. 

Massey (Clarina) and Massy (Massy), sums. 

Meldrum, Bn. (Huntly), and Melgund.V. (Minto). 

Melville, V., and Leven & Melville, E. 

Middleton, Bn., and Midleton, V. 

Milles (Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), sums. 

Milltown, E., and Milton, V. 

Moncreiff , Bn. , Moncreiffe, Bt. , and Moncrieff , Kt. 

Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. of Sligo). 
Montgomerie, Ld. (and sum. of Eglinton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Morton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmorres, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 
Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Braybrooke), 


Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. 
Oakeley, Bt. and Kt., and Oakley, Sir Hy. 
Orford, E. ; Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay and De Eamsey, Bns. 

The following crossings of surnames with titles are 

Addington (Vise. Sidmoutb) ; Addington, Bn. 

Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. 

Beaumont (Bn. Allendale) ; Beaumont, Bnss. 


Brownlow (Bn. Lurgau) ; Brownlow, Earl (Oust). 
Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; 

Chichester, E. of (Pelham). 
Clifton (Bn. Grey de Ruthyn); Clifton, Bnss. 

and Ld. (Bligh). 
Clinton (D. of Newcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. (Ilepburn- 

Grey (Earls Grey and of Stamford) ; Grey de 

Ruthyn, Bn. (Clifton). 
Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun) ; 

Hastings, Bn. (Astley). 
Howard (4 Peers) ; Howard deWal den, Bn. (Ellis). 

Roden, E., Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
Rolle, Rollo, and Rolls, all surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bn., Ross, V., Rosse, E. 
Sackville and Savile, Bns. 

St. John of Bletso, Bn., and Bolingbroke & St. 

John, V. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. 
Stanley, Ld., son of E. of Derby, and Stanley of 

Alderley, Bn. 
Stmtt (Belper and Rayleigh) and Sturt (Aling- 

ton), surns. 

Sudley, V., and Sudeley, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran). - - 
Waterford, M., and ditto E. (Shrewsbury). 
"Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and Wynn 

(Newborough), sums. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles : 

























worth noticing (surnames in italics) : 

Lindsay (E. of Crawford) ; Lindsay, E. of 

(Bethune). (Murray). 
Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst); Mansfield, E. of 
Marjoribanks (Bn. Tweedmouth) ; Marjoribanks 

Bny. (Robertson). 
Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville) ; 

Melville, Vise. (Dundas). 
Norton (Bn. Grantley) ; Norton, Bn. (Adderley). 
Sackville (Earl De La Warr) ; Sackville, Bn. 

(Sackville- West). [Lumley). 
Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. (Savile- 
Sinclair (E. of Caithness) ; Sinclair, Bn. (St. Clair.) 
Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan) ; 

Somerset, D. of (St. Maur). 
Spencer-Churchill (D. of Marlborough) ; Churchill, 

Vise, and Spencer, Earl (Spencer). 
Willoughby (Bn. Middleton and E. of Ancaster) ; 

Willoughby de Broke, Bn. ( Verney). 


Army and Navy, 36-39 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Arthur's, 69 St. James's St., S.W. 
Athenaeum, 107 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Bachelors' , 7 Hamilton Place, Piccadilly, W. 
Bath, 34 Dover Street, W., and 16 Berkeley St., W. 
Boodle's, 28 St. James's St., S.W. 
Caledonian, 30 Charles St., St. James's, S.W. 
Carlton, 94 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Cavalry, 127 Piccadilly, W. 
Cocoa Tree, 64 St. James's St., S.W. 
Conservative, 74 St. James's St., S.W. 
Constitutional, Northumberland Avenue, W.C. 
Devonshire, 50 St. James's St., S.W. 
East India United Service, 16 St. James's Square, 
Grcsvenor, 68a Piccadilly, W. [S.W. 
Guards', 70 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Isthmian, 105 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Athenceum, n 6 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Carlton, 30-35 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Junior Conservative, 43 Albemarle St., W. 
Junior Constitutional, 101-4 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Nav. and Mil., 96 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior United Service, 11 Charles St., St. James's, 
, Marlborough, 52 Pall Mall, S.W. [S.W. 
i National, 1 Whitehall Gardens, S.W. 

National Liberal, Whitehall Place, S.W. 

Naval and Military, 04 Piccadilly, W. 

New University, 57 St. James's St., S.W. 

Oriental, 18 Hanover Sq., W. 

Orleans, 29 King St., St. James's, S.W. 

Oxford and Cambridge, 71-76 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Primrose, 4 Park Place, St. James's, S.W. 

Raleigh, 16 Regent St., S.W. 

Reform, 104 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Royal Societies, 63 St. James's St., S.W. 

Royal Thames Yacht, 7 Albemarle St., W. 

St. James's, 106 Piccadilly, W. 

St. Stephen's, 1 Bridge St., Westminster, S.W. 

Savage, 6 Adelphi Terrace, W.C. 

Sports, 8 St. James's Square, S.W. 

Thatched House, 86 St. James's St., S.W. 

Travellers', 106 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Turf, 47 Clarges St., Piccadilly, W. 

Union, Trafalgar Square, S.W. 

United Forces, 117 Piccadilly, W. 

United Service, 116 Pall Mall, S.W. 

United University, 1 Suffolk St., Pall Mall East. 

Wellington, 1 Grosvenor Place, S.W. [S.W. 

White's, 37 St. James's St., S.W. 

Windham, 13 St. James's Square, S.W, 



His Most Excellent Majesty Albert Edward, bearing the title "EDWARD 
the SEVENTH, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of 
the Faith, Emperor of India ; " Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha ; Sovereign of the British Orders of Knighthood ; a Field-Marshal in the Army 
and Honorary Admiral of the Fleet ; Col. in Chief of the Household Cavalry (Life and 
Horse Guards), and of the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, and Irish Guards, the 
Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, the ioth Hussars, the Gordon Highlanders, and 
numerous other Home and Indian Corps, Captain-General of the Hon. Artillery 
Company, &c, &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., Mus.D., has been an Elder Brother of Trinity 
House, a Bencher of the Middle Temple, a Trustee of the British Museum, &c. : eldest 
son and eldest surviving child of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria and of His late 
Royal Highness Albert, Prince Consort ; born at Buckingham Palace Nov. 9, 1841 ; 
succeeded to the Throne (in his 60th year) Jan. 22, 1901 ; crowned at Westminster Abbey 
Aug. 9, 1902; married (at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 1863) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Luise Julia of Denmark, now Her 
Majesty Queen Alexandra, Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 
Mus.D. (eldest daughter of H.M. the late King Christian IX. and sister of H.I.M. the 
Dowager Empress of Russia) ; horn Dec. i, 1844. 

Residences. — Windsor Castle and Frogmore House (private property) , Windsor ; St. James's and 
Buckingham Palaces, London; Sandringham Hall (private), Norfolk; Balmoral (private), and Aber- 
geldie Castle, Ballater S.O., Aberdeenshire ; Holyrood House, Edinburgh; also (though not occupied 
personally) Kensington, Kcw, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; and the Palaces of Falkland 
and Lochmaben and Castles of Rothesay, Dunstaft'nage, Dunoon, and Carrick, all in Scotland ; and 
The Castle, Dublin. (Osborne House, I. of Wight, has been presented by His Majesty to the nation.) 


1 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence 

and Avondale and Earl of Athlone (U.K. 1890), K.G., K.P. : born at Frogmore House, 
Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864; died at Sandringham, Jan. 14, 1892. 

2 II. H.R.H. Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Prince of WALES, heir apparent to 

thk Grown (created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; Duke of Cornwall, 
in Peerage of England, 1337 ; Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killarney, 
U.K. 1892; Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, 
and Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage of Scotland, 1469) ; Duke of 
Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.S.I., 
G.M.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O. (has Chain), I.S.O., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S. ; an Adm. 
in the Navy, Personal Nav. A.D.C. to the King, Gen. in the Army (Supernumerary), 
Col. -in-Chief of Royal Marine Forces, of the Royal Fusiliers (and Welsh ditto), of the 
Cameron Highlanders, the King's Roy. Rifle Corps, the 18 R?gts. of Australian Lt. Horse 
and 10 Regts. of Indian Army; Hon. Col. of the King's Colonials, of the 1st Bengal 
Lancers, and of various Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteer troops ; late Lord Warden of 
the Cinque Ports and Keeper of Dover Castle ; is Grand Master of the Order of St. Mich, 
and St. Geo. ; Chanc. of the Univs. of Wales and the Cape, Grand Prior of Order of St. J ohn 
erf Jerusalem, Master of Trinity House, High Steward of Plymouth and Reading, Pres. 
of the Roy. Acad, of Music, the Roy. Coll. of Music, and the Soc. of Arts, and a 
Bencher of Lincoln's Inn : born at Marlborough House, June 3, 1865 ; married (at 
St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893) his second cousin once removed,* Princess Victoria 
Mary ("May") of Teck, V.A., C.I., Mus.D. (nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta 
Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes: born May 26, 1867 — see 102). Residences— 
Marlborough House, Pall Mall ; York House, St. James's ; York Cottage and 
Dersingham Hill House, Sandringham ; Frogmore House, Windsor ; and Craigowan, 
Ballater S.O., Abardeensh. Issue: 

* The Prince and Princess have this relationship through King Edward and Queen Alexandra also— the former 
traceable in No. 107, and the latter through the late Queen of Denmark having been a niece of the sst Duke 
of Cambridge's wife, Augusta of Hesss. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 


3 l. H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of 

Wales; Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : born at 
White Lodge, Sheen, June 23, 1894. 

4 2. H.R.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Wales: born at York 

Cottage, Sandringham, Dec. 14, 1895. 

5 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary of Wales: born at York 

Cottage, April 25, 1897. 

6 4. H.R.H. Prince Henry William Frederick Albert of Wales: born at York 

Cottage, March 31, 1900. 

7 5. H.R.H. Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund of Wales : lorn at York 

Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. 

8 6. H.R.H. Prince John Charles Francis of Wales : born at York Cottage, July 12, 1905. 

9 ITJ. H.R.H. the Princess Royal of the United Kingdom., Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria 

Alexandra Dagmar), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born 
Feb. 20, 1867; declared Princess Royal Nov. 9, 1905; married (July 27, 1889) to Alex- 
ander William George, 1st Duke of Fife, K.T., P.C. {born Nov. 10, 1849— see " Fife " in 
Directory : married as an Earl, created Duke at the wedding breakfast). Issue : 

10 1. H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise : born May 17, 1891. 

11 2. H.H. Princess Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha : born April 3, 1893. 

12 IV. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of the United Kingdom, V.A. , C.I., 

a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born July 6, 1868. 

13 V. H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway (H.R.H. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of the 

United Kingdom), V.A., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born ~No\. 26, 1869; 
married (July 22, 1896) to H.R.H. Prince Charles of Denmark, now H.M. Haakon VLL, 
King of Norway (Christian Friederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, K.G., G.C.B., 
G.C.V.O. [both latter Hon.], Hon. Col. Norfolk Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Adm. in Brit. 
Navy, 2nd son of King Frederick VIII. of Denmark ; born Aug. 3, 1S72 ; elected King 
of Norway 1905). Residences — Royal Castle, Christiania ; King George's Palace, 
Bredgade, Copenhagen ; Appleton House, King's Lynn. Issue: 

14 1. H.RH. Olaf^Crown Prince of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Christian 

Frederick of Denmark, now taking name Olaf) : born July 2, 1903. 

15 VI. The deceased Prince Alexander John of Wales : bom and died April 6 & 7, 1871. 


16 I. H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany {nee H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelaide Mary Louisa), Princess Royal of the United Kingdom : born Nov. 21, 1840 ; 
died Aug. 5, 1901 ; having been married (Jan. 25, 1858) to the late Friedrich Wilhelm 
Nicolaus Carl, Crown Prince of Prussia, afterwards H.I.M. Frederic III., German 
Emperor and King of Prussia, K.G. (only Bon of H.I.M. the late Emperor William I. : 
born Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9 to June 15 of 1888, when he died). Issue : 

17 1. H.I.M. William II. (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert), German Emperor and 

King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, &c, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 27, 1859 ; succeeded June 15, 1888; married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princess Augusta 
Victoria of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-AuousTENBURG, V.A. {nee H.S.H. 
Princess Auguste Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny : born Oct. 22, 1858 — 
see 273). Residences — The Marble Palace, Potsdam, near Berlin, &c. Issue: 

18 (1) H.L & R.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst) , K. G. : born May 6, 1882 ; 

married (1905) H.H. (now H.R.H.) the Duchess CAcitie Augustine 

Marie {born Sept. 20, 1886), sister of H.R.H. the Grand Duke of Meck- 

lenburg-Schwerin. Issue : 
18a (i) H.I. & R.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Franz Joseph Christian 

Olaf of Germany and Prussia : born Julv 4, 1906. 
lSb (ii) H.I. & R.H. Prince of Germany, &c. ; born Nov. 9, 1907. 

19 (2) H.R.H. Prince Eitel-Fre derick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Friedrich) : 

born July 7, 1883; married (1906) H.H., now H.R.H., Duchess Sophie 
Charlotte, daughter of the Grand Duke of Oldenburg {born Feb. 2, 1879). 

20 (3) H.R.H. Prince Adalbert of Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) : 

bom July 14, 1884. 

21 (4) H.R.H. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (August Wilhelm Heinrich 

Giinther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887. 

22 (5) H.R.H. Prince Oscar, of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav) : born July 27, 1888. 

23 (6) H.R.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Franz Humbert) : born Dec. 

17, 1890. 

24 (7) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Louisa of Prussia (Victoria Luise Adelheid 

Mathilde Charlotte) : bom Sept. 13, 1892. 

25 2. H.R.H. Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Victoria 

Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia), V.A. : bom July 24, i860; married 
(1878) to H.H. Bernhard Friedrich Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Hereditary Prince 
of Saxe-Meiningen, G.C.B. (son of Duke George II. by his first marriage [see 
288], and bom April 1, 1851). Residence— Meiningen. Issue: 
I 26 (1) H.S.H.Feodora, Princess Heinrich of Reuss {nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Victoria Auguste Marianne Maria of Saxe-Meiningen) : born May 12, 
1879; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XXX. of Reuss, 
G.C.V.O. Residence— Flensburg. 


The Royal Family. 

27 3, H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert "Wilhelm Heinrich), K.Gh, G.C.B., Hon" 

Vice -Admiral in the British Fleet: born; Aug. 14, 1863; married (1888) his first 
cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Irene Luise Marie Anna of Hesse, 
V.A. (bom July 11, 1866— see 51). Residence— Royal Palace, Kiel. Issue: 

28 (1) H.R.H. Prince Waldemar "Wilhelm Ludwig of Prussia : born March 

20, 1889. 

29 (2) H.R.H. Prince Sigismund (Wilhelm Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : born 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

30 4. H.R. & S.H. Princess Adolpiius of Sciiaumburg-Lippe (Princess Fnedenke 

Amalie Wilhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V.A. : born. April 12, 1866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Prince Adolf Wilhelm Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, G.C.B. 
(born July 20, 1859). Residence— Bonn, 
j 31 5. H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta (Princess Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice of 

Prussia), V.A., R.R.C. : born June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering Greek 
Church 1891) to H.R.H. Constantine (Konstantinos) , Duke of Sparta, Prince 
Royal of Greece, G.C.B. (bom Aug. 2, 1868, n.s.). Residence— Dekeleia Castle, 
near Athens. Issue : 

32 (i) H.R.H. Prince George of Sparta (Georgios), G.C.B. : born July 19, 1890. 

33 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alexander of Sparta (Alexander) : bom Aug. 1, 1893. 

34 (3) H.R.H. Princess Eelena of Sparta (Helene) : bom May 2, 1896. 

35 (4) H.R.H. Prince Paul of Sparta (Paulos) : born Dec. 14, 1901. 

36 (5) H.R.H. Princess Eirene of Sparta : bom Feb. 13, 1904. 

37 6. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margarete Beatrice 

Feodora of Prussia), V.A. : born April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince 
Friedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hesse, G.C.B. (son of H.P...H. the late 
Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and born May 1, 1868). Residence — Frankfort- 
on-Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue : 

38 (1) H.H. Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Victor of Hesse : born Nov. 23, 1893. 

39 (2) H.H. Prince Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Eduard of Hesse : 

lorn Oct. 20, 1894. 

40-1 (3 &4) T.H. Princes Philip? and Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse: twins, born 

Nov. 6, 1896. 

42-3 (5 & 6) T.H. Princes Richard Wilhelm Leopold and Christoph Ernst August 

of Hesse : twins, born May 14, 1901. 

44 II. H.R. & G.D.H. the late Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of 

the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A. : born at Buckingham Palace, April 25, 1843 > married (1862) to the late Prince 
Louis, afterwards H.R. & S.H. Louis IV., Reigning Grand. Duke of Hesse, K.G. 
(born Sept. 12, 1837; granted English title of "Royal Highness" 1862 ; died March 13, 
1892) ; died Dec. 14, 1878 (the 17th anniversary of the death of her father). Issue: 

45 1. H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde 

Alberta Marie of Hesse), V.A. : bom April 5, 1863; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Louis (Ludwig Alexander), Prince of Battenberg, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., 
K.C.M.G., Vice-Adm. R.N., Acting Vice-Adm. of the Meditn. Fleet, Personal 
Naval A.D.C. to H.M., and an Elder Brother of Trinity House (born May 24, 
1854). Issue: 

46 (1) H.R.H. Princess Andrew of Greece (nee Princess Victoria Alice Elisabeth 

Julie Marie of Battenberg): born Feb. 25, 1885; married (1903) ,to 
H.R.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. (bom Feb. 1, n.s., 
1882). Residence— Athens. Issue: 

46^ (i) H.R.H. Princess Margaret of Greece : bom April 17, 1905. 

46'' (ii) H.R.H. Princess Theodora of Greece : born Msy 30, 1906. 

47 (2) Princess Louisa of Battenberg (Luise Alexandra Marie Irene) : born July 

13, 1889. 

48 (3) Prince George of Battenberg (Ludwig Victor Georg Heinrich Sergius) : 

born Nov. 6, 1892. 

49 (4) Prince Louis of Battenberg (Albert Victor Ludwig) : born June 25, 1900. 

50 2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Sergius of Russia (nee 

H.G.D.H. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : born 
Nov. 1, 1864; married (1884, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the late 
Grand Duke Sergius Alexandrovitch of Russia, G.C.B., Major-General in the 
Russian Army (bom May 11, 1857, assassinated Feb. 17, 1905 ; uncle of the Tsar). 
Residence -Moscow. 

5* 2- H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (nee H.G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 
Anna of Hesse), V.A. : born July 11, 1866; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, K.G. (born Aug. 14, 1862— see 27). 
4. H.R.H. Ernest Louis (Ernst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm) , Reigning Grand Duke 
of Hesse and of the Rhine ("bei Rhein"), K.G., G.C.B., Major-General in the 
German Army : bom Nov. 25, 1868; succeeded his father 1892; married, 1st (1894), 
his first cousin II. R.H. Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I., 
see 62, but the marriage was dissolved Dec. 1901 ; 2ndiy (1905), Princess Eleonore 
Ernestine Marie of Solms-Hohensolms-Licii (bom Sept. 17,1871). Residence— 
New Palace, Darmstadt. Issue : 
52 1 ki) H.R.H. rrincv Geohge Donatus William, Hereditary Grand Duke of 

j ^ llEissif : born Nov. 8, 1906. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 83 

53 5- HJ.M. AlexandraFedorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa* of Russia, V.A. (ne'eH.G.D.H. 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse) : born June 6, 187a ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.I.M. Nicholas II. Alexandrovitch, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russia s, 
Tsar of Moscow, &c, K.Gr. {bom May 18, 1868, N;S.). Residences— Winter Palace, 
St. Petersburg, and Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, near thereto. Issue: 

54 (1) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga Nicolaievna of Russia : born Nov. 15, 1895. 

55 (2) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Tatiana Nicolaievna of Russia: born June 10,1897. 
55 (3) H.I. H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nicolaievna of Russia : born June 26, 1899. 

57 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna of Russia : born June 

17, 1901. 

58 (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitch of Russia, Tsarevitch or 

Heir Apparent to the Throne: born Aug. 12, 1904. 

59 III. H.R.H. the late Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Cobcrg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony, K.G., K.T., K.P., &c. ; Admiral of the Fleet: born at Windsor Castle, 
Aug. 6, 1844 ; succeeded his uncle H.H. Ernest II. Aug. 22, 1893 (the Prince of Wales, 
now King Edward, having in 1863 renounced his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 
1900, having married (Jan. 23, 1874) H.I.H. (now H.I. &R.H.) the Grand Duchess Marie 
Alexandrovna of Russia, V.A., C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. the late Alexander II., 
Emperor of Russia, and born Oct. 17, 1853). Residence— Coburg. Issue: 

60 1. H.R.H. the late Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of 

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born Oct. 15, 1874 ; died Feb. 6, 1899. 

61 2. H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania (Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of 

Saxe-Coburg &c), V.A., C.I. : born Oct. 29, 1875; married (1893) to H.R.H. 
Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad, Prince of Roumania, G.C.B. {bom Aug. 24, 
1865 — see 168-72, where their four children are given). 

62 3. H.R.H. Victoria Melita, Princess of Saxe-Coburg, &c, V.A., C.I. : born in Malta, 

Nov. 25, 1876; married (1894) to her first cousin H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand 
Duke of Hesse, K.G. (see 52), marriage dissolved Dec. 1901 ; she was re-married 
(Oct. 8, 1905) to the Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovitch of Russia {bom 1876), 
1st cousin of the Tsar, who, for thus allying himself with the Tsar's sister-in-law, 
was deprived of his military honours and banished. 

63 4. H.R.H. Alexandra, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Princess 

Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Coburg See.): born Sept. 1, 1878; 
married (1896) to H.S.H. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 
and Regent of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha {bom Sept. 13, 1863— see 256-60, where 
their four children are given) . 

64 5. H.R.H. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Coburg &c. : bom 

April 20, 1884. 

65 IV. H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 

burg+ (Princess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony 
and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, V. A., C. I., R.R.C.: born at Buckingham Palace, 
May 25, 1846 ; married (at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, 1866) to H.R.H. Prince 
Christian (Friedrich Christian Carl August) of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg- 
Augustenburg, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O., a General in the British Army, High Steward 
of Windsor, and Chief Ranger of the Park, a Personal A.D.C. to H.M. {born Jan. 22, 
1831; created "Royal Highness" 1866, his issue being "Highness"). Residences — 
Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park; Schomberg House, Pall Mall, S.W. Issue: 

66 1. H.H. the late Prince Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernest Antony of Schleswig- 
Holstein, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Africa) : born April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, 1900. 

67 2. H.H. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 
stein, G.C.B. (Civ.), G.C.V.O. : born Feb. 26, 1869. Residence— Potsdam. 

3. H.H. Princess Victoria Louise Sophie Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I., 
R.R.C., Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the League) : born May 3, 1870. 

4. H.H. Princess Francisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christine Helene of 
Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I. : born Aug. 12,1872; was 1891-1900 " Princess 
Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved by joint request to suit a 
new family law of that Ducal house. Residence— 21 Queensberry Place, S.W. 

70 V. H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (Louise Caroline Alberta), a Princess of 
the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A., C.I. : bom at Buckingham Palace, March 18, 1848; married (at St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Campbell, Marquess of Lome, now 
9th Duke of Argyll, K.T. — see "Argyll " in Directory). 

* The common form " Czarina " has no warrant in Russian. As to the cz or ts, the latter precisely represents the 
riginal, and now that it is coming so largely into use it is certainly far preferable : the form " czar " is used by the 
'rench, perhaps borrowed by them from the Hungarian, in which tongue alone cs has the sound of ts. It may 
ere be added in reference to " Fedorovna" that the termination -vna imolies " daughter of" just as -vitch implies 
son of," the" Fedor" (not "Feodor," which is the German form) here being the regular Russian equivalent to 
Friedrich," that name of the fattier having been preferred to the preceding "Ludwig," the corresponding form 
» which would have been "Ludovic." As to the use of n orw in transliterating from Russian characters, the v is 
>rrect for English use and w only for German. , . 

t In the'Almanach de Gotha' " Holstein" i3 the leading word and the entii-3 house is arranged under the 
Visions " Holstein-Sonderburg" and "Holstein-Gottorp," the former Deing subdivided into the branches 
Schles.-Holdt.-Sond.-Augustenburg " and " Schles.-Rolst.-Sond.-Gluctaiburg : " all un der the heading ' Holstein. 

84 The Royal Family. 

71 VI. H.R.H. Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of ConnaughT and of Strathearn, and 

Earl of Sussex {U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-CobUrg and Gotha. K.G.. K.T., K.P.. P.C., G.M.B.. G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., 
G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O. (lias Chain), LL.D. ; D.C.L. ; a Field-Marshal in the British Army, 
Inspector-Gen. of the Forces, a personal A.D.C. to H.M., Col.-in-Chief of the Rifle 
Brigade. Inniskillmg Dragoons, Highland Lt. Infantry, Roy. Dublin Fusiliers, and Col. 
of the Grenadier Guards and of the Army Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. of Ireld. 
Imper. Yeom. and of numerous Militia and Volunteer troops, President of the Couuc. 
of the Roy. Patriotic Fund; served in Canada in the Fenian Raid of 1870 and in Egypt 
1883; was Com.-in-Chief in Bombay 18S6-9O, afterwards in Ireland, now Com.~in-Chief 
and High Commissi', of the Mediterranean; is Ranger of Epping Forest, Great Prior of 
Ireland, a Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, Grand Master of the Freemasons 
of England, a Bencher of Gray's Inn, &c. : born at Buckingham Palace, May 1, 1850 ; 
married (at Windsor, March 13, 1879) H.R.H. Princess Louisa Margaret (Luise Mar- 
garete Agnes) of Prussia, V.A., C.I., R.R.C., Mus.D., a Lady of Justice of St. John 
of Jerusalem (third daughter of H.R.H. the late Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, 
G.C.B., and bom July 25, i860) . Residences— The Palace, Malta ; Bagshot Park, Surrey ; 
Clarence House, St. James's, S.W. Issue : 

72 1. H.R.H. the Duchess of Scania (nee H.R.H. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte 

Augusta Norah of Connaugiit), V.A., a Lady of Justice of St. John cf 
Jerusalem: born Jan. 15, 1882; married (June 15, 1905) to H.R.H. Prince 
GtiSTAVUs Adolphus (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf, bom Nov. 11, 
1882), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Duke of Scania (otherwise 
Schonen), eldest son of H.R.H. the Crown Prince of Sweden. Issue: 
72a (1) H.R.H. Prince Gustavus Adolphus Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edmond of 

Sweden. Duke of Westerbotten : born April 22, 1906. 
72k (2) H.R.H. Prince Sigvard Oscar Fredrik of Sweden, Duke of Upland : 

born June 7, 1907. 

73 2. H.R.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught,K.G., G.C.V.O., a 

Personal A.D.C. to H.M. , Capt. 2nd Dragoons, served in S. Africa 1901-2, a Knight 
of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem and barrister-at-law : born Jan. 13, 1883. 

74 3. H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaugiit : born 

March 17, 1886. 

75 VII. H.R.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Arklow (U.K. 1881), K.G., K.T., &c, P.C. : bom at Buckingham Palace, 
April 7, 1853 ; died at Cannes, March 28, 1884, having married (at Windsor, April 27, 
1882) Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, V.A., C.I.., R.R.C., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (rc^H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike Auguste, fourth 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Reigning Prince George Victor, and aunt of H.M. 
Wilhelmina, Q,ueen of the Netherlands : born Feb. 17, 1861 ; residence— Villa Nevada, 
Cannes, and with her son, as below). Issue: 

76 1. H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck (Alice Marie Victoria Auguste Pauline of 

Albany), V.A., Order of Mercy (a Lady Presid. of the League) : bom Feb. 25, 
1883 ; married (1904) to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (see 108). 

77 2. H.R.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Reigning Duke of Saxe- 

Coburg and Gotha, and 2nd Duke of Albany, &c. (see under 1st Duke), Duke 
of Jiiiich, Cleve, and Berg, of Engern and Westphalia, Landgrave of Thuringia, 
Margrave of Meissen, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Col.-in-Chief 95th Prussian 
Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders : born (posthumous) at Claremont, July 19, 
1884, and succeeded at his birth to the Albany title, in 1900 to that of Saxe- 
Coburg ; married (Oct. 11, 1905) Princess Victoria Adelheid Helene 
Friederike, daughter of H.H. the Duke of Schleswig-Holst.-Sond.-Gliicksburg 
(see 275). Residences— The Palaces at Coburg, Ehrenberg, &c. in Saxe-Coburg, 
and Reinhardsbrun, Friedenstein, &c. in Gotha ; Schloss Santer, Pomerania ; 
Greinburg and Hinterriss, Austria; Claremont, Esher, Surrey. Issue: 
77 n (1) H.R.H. Prince Johann Leopold Victor Wilhelm Albert Ferdinand of 

Saxe-Coburg : born Aug. 2, 1906. 

78 VIII. H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Feodora of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, V.A.. C.I., R.R.C., a Lady of Justice cf St. John of Jerusalem, now Governor of 
the Isle of Wight : bom at Buckingham Palace, April 14, 1857 ; married (at Whippingham 
Church, I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.R.H. the late Prince Henry Maurice of Battenberg, 
K.G., P.C, Governor of the Isle of Wight, a Colonel in the Army (born Oct. 5, 1858 ; 
naturalised and created "Royal Highness" 1885; died during the Ashanti Expedition, 
Jan. 20. 1896). Reside nee— Osborne Cottage, I.W., and Kensington Palace. Issue: 

79 1. H.H. Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg : born Nov. 23, 1886. 

80 2. H.M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain (nee H.H. Princess Victoria Eugenie 

Julia Ena of Battenberg): born Oct. 24. 1887; created Royal Highness 
April 5, 1906; married May 31, same vear, H.M. Alfonso XIII., King of 
Spain (born May 17, 1886), having joined R. C. Church March 7. Issue: 
Boa (1) H.R.H. the Prince of Asturias, heir to the throne of Spam (Alfonso Pio 

Cristino Eduardo) : ZwwMay 10, 1907. 

81 3. H.H. Prince Leopolt> Arthur Louis of Battenberg : born May 21, 1889. 

82 4. H.H. Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg : born Oct. 3, 1891. 

Cousins of His Majesty. 



A. On side of Duke of Kent ; 1st Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through H.M. Ernest, 1st Duke of Cumberland, King 0/ Hanover, 4th brother of the Duke 0/ Kent. 

83 I. H.M. the late George Frederick Alexander, 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, 

and King George V. of Hanover, K.G.. G.C.H. : born May 27, 1819 ; died June 12, 
1878, having married (1843) H.H. the late Princess Alexandrina Marie of Saxe-Alten- 
burg, V.A., Queen of Hanover by title (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the late Keigning 
Duke Joseph, and born April 14, 1818 ; died Jan. 9, 1907). H. M. reigned over Hanover 
1851-1866, when the Kingdom was incorporated with Prussia. Issue: 

84 1. H.E.H. Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale (Gt. Brit. 1799) and Earl of Armagh (Irel. 1799), a 
Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Brunswick-Liineburg, K.G., G.C.H. , 
General Supernumerary in the British Army and Colonel in that of Austria : 
born at Hanover, Sept. 21, 1845; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.E.H. Princess Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. the late King Christian IX., and sister of H.M. 
Queen Alexandra ; born Sept. 29, 1853). Residences— Gmunden, Upper Austria, 
and Penzing, near Vienna. Issue : 

85 (1) H.E.H. Princess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victoria 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): born Oct. 11,1879; married 
(1900) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of the late Grand Duke, and born July 10, 1867). 
Residence — Karlsruhe. Issue: 

86 (i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden : born 

Aug. 1, 1902. 

86a (ii) H.H. Prince Bertkold Friedrich Wilhelm Carl of Baden : born 

Feb. 24, 1906. 

87 (2) H.E.H. Prince George William, Earl of Armagh (Georg Wilhelm 

Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.) : born Oct. 28, 1880. 

88 (3) H.E.H. Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Princess 

Alexandra Luise Marie Olga of Cumberland &c.) : born Sept. 29, 1882 ; 
married (1904) to H.E.H. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Schwerin (Friedrich Franz Michel, born April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). 

89 (4) H.E.H. Princess Olga Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumber- 

land &c. : born July 11, 1884. 

90 (5) H.E.H. Prince Ernest Augustus of Cumberland &c. (Ernst August 

Christian Georg) : born'Nov. 17, 1887. 

91 2. H.E.H. Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Eammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa of Hanover) , a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Brunswick-Liineburg, C.I., E.E.C. : born at Hanover, Jan. 
9, 1848 ; married (1880) to Alphonse, Baron von Pawel-Eammingen (Luitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Alphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H., V.D. {bom July 27, 
1843 ; naturalised 1880). Residence — Biarritz, France. 

92 3. H.E.H. the late Princess Mary of Hanover &c. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra), 

C.I. : born at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 \ died June 4, 1904. 
Through H.R.H. Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge, 6th brother of the Duke of Kent. 

93 I. H.E.H. the late George William Frederick Charles, 2nd and last Duke of Cambridge, 

Earl of Tipperary, and Baron of Culloden (U.K. 1801) : born March 26, 1819; died 
March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) the late Miss Louisa Fairbrother 
{bom 1815, died 1890), whose children bear the name of FitzGeorge (see Directory). 

94 II. H.E.H. Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess Augusta 

Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Bruns- 
wick-Liineburg, C.I. : bom at Hanover, July 19, 1822; married (1843) to H.E.H. the 
late Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. (bom 
Oct. 17, 1819; died May 30, 1904). Residence— Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 
16 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 

95 1. H.E.H. Adolphus Frederick (Georg Adolf Friedrich Wellington) , Eeigning Grand 

Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, G.C.B. : bom July 22, 1848; succeeded his 
father 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now H.E.H.) Princess Elisabeth Marie 
Friederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the Eeigning 
Duke Leopold Frederick, and born Sept. 7, 1857). Residence— Neustrelitz, Meck- 
lenburg-Strelitz. Issue : 

96 (1) H.H. Duchess Marie, Countess Jametel (nee Victoria Marie Auguste 

Leopoldine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) : born May 8, 1878 ; married 
(1899) to Maurice George, Count Jametkl. 

97 (i) Son born Feb. 3, 1904. 

98 (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro (nee Duchess Auguste Charlotte 

Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ; but now takes name Militza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : born Jan. 24, 1880; 
married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander pf Montenegro, 
K.C.V.O. (born June 29, 1871). Residence— Cettinje, Montenegro. 


The Royal Family (Relatives). 

99 (3) H.E.H. Adolf Frederick, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born J une 17, 1882. 

100 (4) H.H. Duke Charles Borwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Carl Borwin 

Christian Alexander Arthur) : born Oct. 10, 1888. 

101 m. H.E.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina 

Elizabeth of Cambridge) : born at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1833 ; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
been married (1866) to H.H. the late Francis, Prince and Duke of Teck, G.C.B.,G.C.V.O. 
(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, born Aug. 27, 1837; created "Highness" by 
English warrant 1887 ; died Jan. 21, 1900). Issue: 

102 1. H.R.H. Victoria Mary, Princess of Wales {nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary 

Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"), 
V.A., C.I., and a Lady of Justice St. John of Jerusalem: born May 26, 1S67; 
married (July 6, 1893) to H.E.H. George, now Prince of Wales &c, K.G. {born 
June 3, 1865— see 2). 

103 2. H.S.H. Adolphus, Duke of Teck (Adolphus Charles Alexander Ladislaus), 

G. C. V.O., a Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, late Maj . 1st Life Guards, 
served m South African War 1899-1900, now a Mil. Attache : born Aug. 13, 1868 ; 
married (1894) Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (now H.S.H. the Duchess of 
Teck, daughter of 1st Duke of Westminster, K.G., and born April 9, 1873). 
Residences— Henry III. Tower, Windsor Castle ; 4 Devonshire Place, Portland 
Place, W. Issue : 

104 (1) Prince George Francis Hugh of Teck : born Oct. 11, 1895. 

105 (2) Princess Victoria Constance Mary of Teck : born June 12, 1897. 

106 (3) Princess Helena Frances Auguste of Teck : born Oct. 23, 1899. 

107 3. H.S.H. Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., 
late Major 1st Dragoons, a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, served in 
Soudan 1897-8 : born Jan. g, 1870. 

108 4. H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick George of Teck, G.C.V.O., D.S.O., 
Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Capt. Boyal Horse Guards, was A.D.C. to 
Col. Mahon in S. Africa (served 1900-2): born April 14, 1874; married (1904) 

H. E.H. Princess Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 76). Residence — Aldershot. Issue : 
108^ (1) Princess May Helen Emma of Teck : born Jan. 23, 1906. 

1086 (2) Prince Eupert Alexander George Augustus of Teck : born Aug. 24, 1907. 

B. On side of Duchess of Kent ; ist Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly , aunt of Queen Victoria. 

109 I. The late Alfons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly : born 1810 : died 1894, 

having married (1st, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein {died 1856), 
and (2ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg {died 1876). Issue: 

110 1. Victoria, Countess Oberndorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff-Pouilly): 

born (of 1st wife,) June 28, 1844; married (1865) to the late Charles, Count 
Oberndorff, long deceased. 
111-2 (1, 2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

113 2. Sophia, Countess Friedrich Kinsky( Sophie Marie Emanuele Julie von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly) : born (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 
Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau {born 1834, died 1899). Issue : 

114 (1) Theresa, Countess Siegfried von Claey-Aldringen (Countess Therese 

Marie Kinsky) : born Dec. 10, 1867 ; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
Franz Jobann Carl von Clary-Aldringen {bornOct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

115 (i) Elisabeth Alexandrina, Countess Baillet de Latour : born 

Dec. 14, 1885, married (1904) to Henri, Count Baillet de L. 

116 (ii) Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen : born March 12, 1887. 

117 (iiij Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldringen : born Sept. 2, 1891. 

118 (2) Wilhelmina, Countess Henckel (Countess Wilhelmine Marie Kinsky): 
born Aug. 12, 1869 ; married (1895) to Edwin, Count Henckel and Baron 
von Donnersmarck. 

119 (3) The Hereditary Princess of LowENSTEiN-Wertheim-Eochefort (ne'e 

Countess Maria Josephine Wilhelmine Philippa Kinsky") : born Aug. 23, 
1874; married (1898) to Aloyse Joseph Camill Maria, Hered. Prince, &c. 
{born Sept. 15, 1871). 

119^ (i) Princess Marie Sophia of Lowenstein : born May g, 1900. 

U9 J > (ii) Princess Marie Agnes of Lowenstein : born July 13, 1902. 

H9 C (iii) Prince Carl Friedrich of Lowenstein : bom Feb. 8, 1904. 

(iv) Princess Marie Monica of Lowenstein : bom Feb. 25, 1905. 

120 (4) Count Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Joseph 

AlfoDs Jobann Kinsky) : born May 11, 1879. 
131 3. Althonse, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons Wladimir Franz Emanuel 

Eochus) : bom (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1864. 

122 31. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 

DiETRicnsTEiN-NicoLfiBURG, K.C.B. : born 1813; died 1871, having married{ 1857) the late 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. (eldest daughter of Joseph, Prince 
Of the same and Count of Proskau-Leslie ; born Feb. 29, 1824 ; died 1906. Issue: 

123 1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 

(Hugo Alfons Wenceslaus) : born Dec. 19, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 

Cousins of His Majesty. 87 

(1892) Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgorouki (daughter of Prince Alexander 
Dolgorouki, and horn Nov. 27, 1873). Issue: 

124 (1) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : horn March 24, 1894. 

125 (2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born Dec. 4, 1897. 

126 (3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : horn July 15, 1899. 

127 (4) Countess Marie Epiphania Clothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : h. Jan. 6, 1901. 

128 2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrich- 

stein, G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Austro- Hungarian Ambassador in London: horn 
Sept. 5, 1861. Residence— 18 Belgrave Square, S.W. 

129 3. Countess Apponyi {nee Countess Clothil-de Wilhelmine Josepha von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly-Dietrichstein) : born Dec. 23, 1867; married (1897) to Albert, Count 

130 III. Count Arthur August von Mensdorff-Pouilly, G.C.V.O. (Hon.) : horn Aug. 19, 1817. 

Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinetta, Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

131 I. H.R.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of Wurtemberg : born 1804 : died 

1881, having married (1837) H.R.H. the late Princess Marie Christine d'Orleans (second 
daughter of King Louis Philippe, and horn 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

132 1. H.R.H. Duke Philipp Alexander Maria Ernst of Wurtemberg: born July 30, 

1838 ; married (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria 
(daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen, and 
lorn J uly 15, 1845) • Issue : 

133 (1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 

Wurtemberg: horn Dec. 23, 1865; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. tbe late 
Archduchess Margareta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
daughter of the Archduke Charles Louis, and born May 13, 1870; died 
Aug. 24, 1902). Issue: 

134 (i) H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 

Wurtemberg: JoraNov.14, 1893. [ 

135 (ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugen Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 

Wurtemberg : horn Jan. 8, 1895. 

136 (iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of Wur- 

temberg : horn March 12, 1896. 

137 (iv) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of Wurtem- 

berg : ftora Aug. 15, 1897. 
j 38 (v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 

Wurtemberg: born Aug. 16, 1898. 

139 (vi) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Benoite of WUr- 

temberg : horn Jan. 4, igo2. 

140 (2) H.R.H. the late Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria 

Isabelle of Wurtemberg) : horn Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, 
having married (1894) to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony— see 

141 (3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of Wurtemberg: 

born Jan. 14, 1873 ; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immacu- 
lata Raineria of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Salvator, and horn Sept. 3, 1878). 

142 (4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anton of Wurtem- 

berg : horn June 13, 1877. 

Through Duke Ferdinand George of Saxe-Cohurg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

143 I. H.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 

Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 till the Queen's decease) : bom 1816 ; died 
1885, having married (1836, as her second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria II. 
da Gloria of Portugal (born 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless in 1861) . Issue : 

144 1. H.M. the late Dom Luiz, King of Portugal : born 1838 ; succeeded his brother Dom 

Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having married (1862) H.R.H. Maria Pia, Princess of 
Savoy, now H.M. the Dowager Queen of Portugal (daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel H. of Italy, and born Oct. 16, 1847 ; residence— Lisbon). Issue: 

145 (1) H.M. Dom Carlos I., present King of Portugal and Algarve, K.G. 

(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria Victor Miguel Raphael Gabriel Gonzaga 
Xavier Francisco de Assis Jose Simao), Hon. Admiral of the Fleet in 
British Navy: horn Sept. 28, 1863 ; succeeded his father 1889; married (1886) 
H.R.H. (now H.M.) Princess Marie Amelie Louise Helene d'ORLEANS 
(eldest daughter of the Comte de Paris, and born at Twickes&am Sept. 28, 
1865) . Issue : 

146 (i) H.R.H. Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, PrineiJ Royal of 

Portugal, K.G. (Luiz Felippe Maria Carlos Amelip Fernando 
Victor) : horn March 21, 1887. 

147 (ii) H.R.H. Prince Manuel, Duke of Beja, Infante of P»xrh*gal 

(Manuel Maria Felippe Eugenio) : horn Nov. 15> 1889. 
1 4 3 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alphonso, Duke of Oporto an.3 of Saxony (Affoiiso 

i Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : born July 31, 1865. 

The Royal Family (Relatives). 

149 2. H.E.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : born 1843 ; died 1884, having married (1859) H.E.H. Prince Friedrich 
August Georg, afterwards H.M. the late King of Saxony {born Aug. 8, 1832 ; 
died Oct. 15, 1904). Issue: 

150 (1) H.E.H. Princess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : born March 19, 1863. 

151 (2) H.M. Frederick Augustus III., King of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Johann Philipp) : born May 25, 1865 ; succeeded 1904 ; married (1891) 
H.I. & E.H. Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria- 
Tuscan y (daughter of the Grand Duke Ferdinand IV.), whom he divorced 
1903, and who has formally renounced all claim to her late rank. Issue: 

152 (i) H.E.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Georg Paul Marcellus) : born Jan. 15, 1893. 

153 (ii) H.E.H. Prince Frederick Christian of Saxony (Friedrich 

Christian Albert Macarius) : born Dec. 31, 1893. 

154 (iii) H.E.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony (Ernst Heinrich 

Ferdinand Melchiades) : born Dec. 9, 1896. 

155 (iv) H.E.H. Princess Margakete Carola Wilhelmine of Saxony : born 

Jan. 24, 1900. 

156 (v) H.E.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : bom Sept. 27, 


157 (vi) H.E.H. Princess Anne Monica Pia of Saxony : born May 4, 1903. 

158 (3) H.I.H. the Archduchess Otho Francis Joseph of Austria {nee H.E.H. 

Princess Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth of Saxony) : born 
May 31, 1867; married (1886) to H.I. & E.H. the late Archduke Otto 
Franz Joseph of Austria {born April 21, 1865 ; died Nov. 1, 1906). Issue: 

159 (i) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maria of Austria : 

bom Aug. 17, 1887. 

160 (ii) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich 

of Austria : born April 13, 1895. 

161 (4) H.E.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Anacletus) : 

bom July 10, 1869 ; married, 1st, 1894, the late H.E.H. Duchess Isabelle 
of Wurtemberg {died 1904 — see 140) ; 2ndly, 1906, H.E.H. Princess Maria 
Immaculata, daughter of H.E.H. Prince Alfonso of Bourbon-Sicilies, and 
born Oct. 30, 1874. 

162 (5) H.E.H. Prince Maximilian Wilhelm August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 

Saxony : born Nov. 17, 1870. 

163 3. H.E.H. Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, Infanta of Portugal (Dona 

Antonia Maria Fernanda), Duchess of Saxony : bom Feb. 17, 1845 ; mairled (1861) 
to H.E.H. the late Leopold Stephan Carl Thassilo, Prince of Hohenzollern 
{bom Sept. 22, 1835 ; died June 8, 1905). Issue: 

164 (1) H.S.H. William, Prince of Hohenzollern ("Wilhelm August Carl Bene- 

dict) : bom March 7, 1864 ; succeeded 1905 ; married (1889) H.E.H. Princess 
Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicilies (daughter of the late 
Luigi, Conte di Trani, and born Jan. 15, 1867) . Issue : 

165 (i) H.S.H. Princess Augusts Victoria Wilhelmine Ludoviea of 

Hohenzollern : bom Aug. 19, 1890. 

166 (ii) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Victor Pius Ferdinand of Hohenzol- 

lern : born Aug. 30, 1891. 

167 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig Thassilo of Hohenzollern : 

twin with preceding. 

168 (2) H.E.H. Ferdinand, Prince and Heir Presumptive of Eoumania, G.C.B. 

(Prince Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad of Hohenzollern) : bom 
Aug. 24, 1865 ; created " Eoyal Highness " by King Charles I. in 1889 (his 
elder brother having declined the offer of succession) : married (1893) 
H.E.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I. 
(eldest daughter of H.E.H. the late Eeigning Duke Alfred, and born 
Oct. 29, 1875— see 61). Issue: 

169 (i) Prince Carol of Eoumania : born Oct. 15, 1893. 

17° (ii) Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Eoumania : born 

Oct. 11, 1894. 

171 (iii) Princess Marie of Eoumania : born Jan. 8, igoo. 

17 2 (iv) Prince Nicholas of Eoumania : born Aug. 17, 1903. 

173 (3) H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollern : 

born Sept. 1, 1868; married (1894) his cousin H.E.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Belgium (daughter of H.E.H. P hil ippe, 
Coint do Flandre, and born Oct. 18, 1872— see 241). Issue: 
5 74 (i) Princess Stephanie Josephine Caroia of Hohenzollern : born 

April 8, 1895. 

J 75 (ii) Trincess Maki k Antoinette Wilhelmine Victoria Augusta of Hohen- 

zollern : bom Oct. 23, 1896. 

•7 5 (Hi) Prince Albert Ludwig Leopold Tassillon of Hohenzollern: born 

Sept. 28, 1898. 

177 EE. H-H. the late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (August Ludwig Victor 
Duke of Saxonv : horn 1818; died 1881, having married (1843) H.E.H. the late Marie 

Cousins of His Majesty, 

Clementine Clothilde d'ORLis ans (daughter of King Louis Philippe, and born June 3, 
1817; died Feb. 16, 1907). Issue: 

178 1. H.H.Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ferdinand Philipp Maria August), 

Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. : born March 28, 1844 ; married (1875) his second cousin 
H.R.H. Princess Louise of Belgium (see 234), but the marriage was dissolved 
(1906). Issue: 

179 (*) H.H. Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Maria of Saxe-Coburg 

&c. : born July 19, 1878. 

180 (2) H. H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstein-Augustenburg (nie H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, &c.) : 
born April 30, 1881 ; married (1898) to H. H. Ernst Gunther, Duke of 
Holstein-Aug. {born 1853 — see 281). 

181 2. H.H. The late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August) : born 1845 ; 

died 1907, having married (1864) H.I.H. the late Princess Leopoldina of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and born 1847, died 1871). Issue: 

182 (1) Prince Petek August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : bom March 

19, 1866. 

183 (2) Prince August Leopold Philipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg <&c, : born 

Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Caroline Maria 
Immaculata of Austria-Tuscan y (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 1 
duke Carl Salvator, and born Sept. 5, 1869), Issue: 

184 (i) Prince August Clement Carl Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c: 

born Oct. 27, 1895. 

185 (ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born March 23, 1897. 

186 (iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born Jan. 10, 1899. 

187 (iv) Prince Rainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Cobukg : born May 4, 1900. 

188 (v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph Ignaz of Saxe-Coburg : born 

Aug. 18, 1901. 

189 (vi) Princess Theresia Christiana Maria Raphaels Gonzaga of Saxe- 

Coburg : born Aug. 23, 1902. 

190 (vii) Princess Leopoldine Blanca Baphaele Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born May 13, 1905. 

191 (3) Prince Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 

Sept. 15, 1870; married (1900) H.R.H. the'late Princess Mathilda of 
Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. Prince Ludwig, and born 1877 ; died 1906). 

192 (i) Prince Anton Marie Ludwig Clemens of Saxe-Coburg: born 

June 17, 1901. 

193 (ii) Princess Marie Immaculata Leopoldina Nicoletta of Saxe- 

Coburg: bom Sept. 10, 1904. 

194 3. H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Marie Adelheid Amalie 

Clothilde of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born July 8, 1846 ; married (1864) to H.I. & R.H. 
the late Archduke Joseph Carl of Austria (born March 2, 1833 ; died June 13, 
1905). Issue: 

195 (1) HI. & R.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea 

Amalia of Austria) : bom June 14, 1867; married (1896) to Prince Louis 
Philippe Robert, Due d'ORLEANS, chief of the French branch of the 
House of Bourbon (son of the late Comte de Paris, and born at Twicken- 
ham, Feb. 6, 1869). Residence— York House, Twickenham. 

196 (2) H.I., R., & S.H. Margarete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess 

Margarete Clementine Maria of Austria) : born July 6, 1870 ; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, Reigning 
Prince of Thurn and Taxis {born May 8, 1867), Issue: 

197 (i) Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and T. (Franz 

Joseph Maximilian Maria) : bom Dec. 21, 1893. 

198 (ii) Prince Carl August Joseph Maria of Thurn and T. : born 

July 23, 1898. 

199 (iii) Prince Ludwig Philipp Maria Friedrich of Thurn and T. : born 

Feb. 2, 1901. 

200 (iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maiia Siegfried of Thurn and T. : born 

March 1, 1902. 

201 (v) Princess Elisabeth Helena Maria i^ntonia of Thurn and T. : 

born Dec. 15, 1903. 

201 a (vi) Prince Raphael Rainer Charles of Thurn and T. : bom May 30, 1906. 

202 (3) H.l. & R.H. Archduke Joseph August Victor Clemens Maria of Austria : 

born Aug. 9, 1872 ; married (1893) H.R.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luise 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. Prince Leopold of Bavaria : born April 28, 
1875). Issue: 

203 (i) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : born March 28, 1895. 

204 (iij Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria : bom 

March it, 1899. 

205 (iii) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria: born Jan. 3, 1901. 

206 (4) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Clothilde Maria Victoria 

of Austria : bom March 9, 1883. 

90 The Royal Family [Relatives). 

207 4. H.R.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Princess Amalie of 
Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1848 ; died 1894, having married (1875) H.R.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (born 1849 5 died 1893). Issue: 

208 (1) H.B.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : bom July 10, 1876. 

209 (2) H.R.H. Duke Christoph Joseph of Bavaria : born April 22, 1879. 

210 (3) H.R.H. Duke Luitpold Emanuel Ludwig of Bavaria : born June 30, 1890. 

211 5. H.R.H. Ferdinand, Prince of Bulgaria (Ferdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 
Marie of Saxe-Coburg &c), Duke of Saxony, G-.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Feb. 26, 
1861 : elected (1887) as Ferdinand L, Prince of Bulgaria; married (1893) the late 
H.R.H. Princess Maria Louisa of Parma (Maria Luigia Pia Teresa, daughter of 
Robert, Duke of Parma, born 1870, died 1899) . Issue : 

I (1) H.R.H. Boris, Hereditary Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Tirnova (Boris 

Clement Robert Maria Pius), Duke of Saxony : born Jan. 30, 1894, n.s. 

213 (2) Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry Francis): 
bom Nov. 17, 1895. 

214 (3) Princess Eudoxia Augusta Philippine of Bulgaria: born Jan. 17, 1898. 

215 _ (4) Princess Nadejda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : born Jan. 30, 1899. 

216 ILT. H.R.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours (ne'e H.H. Princess Victoria Auguste 
Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.R.H. 
the late Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d'ORLEANS, Due de Nemours (bom 
1814, died 1896). Issue: 

217 1. H.R.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand 

Gaston) : born April 28, 1842 ; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostinha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor Dom 
Pedro II., Infante of Portugal : born July 29, 1846). Issue: 

218 (1) H.R.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d' Orleans : lorn Oct. 

15, 1875. 

219 (2) H.R.H. Prince Louis Marie Philippe d'ORLEANS : bom Jan. 26, 1878. 

220 (3) H.R.H. Prince Antoine Gaston d'ORLEANS : born Aug. 9, 1881. 

221 2. H.R.H. Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'ORLEANS, Due d'ALENCON et de 

Nemours: born July 12, 1844; married (1868) H.R.H. the late Duchesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
and born 1847, died in the fire at the Bazar de la Charite\ Paris, May 4, 1897) . Issue : 

222 (1) H.R.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.R.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d'ORLEANS) : born July 9, 1869 ; married (1891) to H.R.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria (born Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 

223 (i) Prince Joseph Clement Maria Philipp Neri of Bavaria: lorn 

May 25, 1902. 

224 (2) H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de Vend6me (Philippe 

Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : born Jan. 18, 1872 ; married (1896) his second 
cousin H.R.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders (born Nov. 30, 1870 — see 
240). Issue: 

225 (i) Princess Marie Louise Ferdinande Charlotte Henriette of 

Orleans: born Dec. 31, 1896. 

226 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine Louise Henriette of Orleans : born 

Oct. 19, 1898. 

227 (iii) Princess Genevieve Marie Jeanne Fran9oise of Orleans : lorn 

Sept. 21, 1901. 

227a (iv) Prince Charles Philippe of Orleans, Due de Nemours: born 

April 4, 1905. 

228 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Czartoryski (H.R.H. Princess Marguerite Adelaide 

Marie d'ORLEANS) : born 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartoryski (bom 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 

229 (1) Adam Louie, Prince Czartoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zukow: lorn 

Nov. 5, 1872; married (1901) Marie Louise, Comtesse Krasne-Krasinska 
(born March 24, 1883). 

230 (i) Princess Isabelle Marguerite Czartoryski : born Aug. 17, 1902. 
23°' { , (ii) Princess Elisabeth Blanche Czartoryski : bom Sept. 1, 1905. 

231 (2) Prince "VVitold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : born March 10, 1876. 

232 4. H.R.H. Princess Blanche Marie Amelie Caroline d'ORLEANS : bom Oct. 28, 1857. 

Through H.M. Leopold I., King of the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

233 I. H.M. Leopold II. (Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor), present King of the Belgians, 

Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born at Brussels, April 9, 
1835 ; succeeded his father 1865; married (1853) H.I. & R.H. the late Archduchess Maria 
Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (younger daughter of the late Archduke Joseph, 
Count Palatine of Hungary, and born Aug. 23, 1836 ; died Sept. 19, igo2). Issue: 

234 »• H.R.H. Princess Louise Marie Amelie of Belgium: bom Feb. 18, 1858; married 

(1875), but marriage dissolved (1906)— see 178. 

235 2. H.I. & R.H. Trincess Stephanie, Countess Lonyay, late Dowager Princess 

Imperial of Austria (nee H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Clothilde of Belgium): 
bom May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria (bom 1858; died 1889); 2ndly (1900), to 
Elemer, Count Lonyay. Issue (1st marriage) : 

Cousins of His Majesty. 


236 (1) H.I. & E.H. Princess Otto zu Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

Marie Henriette Stephanie Gisela of Austria) : born Sept. 2, 1883 ; 
married 1902, to H.S.H. Prince Otto Veriand Hugo Ernst zu "W.-GrAtz. 
{born Oct. 7, 1873) . 

237 (i) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Octavien zu "W.-GrAtz : lorn 

March 22, 1904. 

237a (ii) H.S.H. Prince Ernest Veriand zu "W.-GrAtz : born April 21, 1905. 

238 3. H.R.H. Princess Clementine Alberte Leopoldine of Belgium : born July 30, 1872. 

239 II. H.R.H. the late Prince Philip, Count of Flanders (Philippe Eugene Baudouin Leopold 

George) : born March 24, 1837 ; died Nov. 17, 1905, having married (1867) Princess 
Maria Louise Alexandrine Caroline of Hohenzollern (daughter of H.R.H. the 
late Carl Anton. Prince of Hohenzollern; and born Nov. 17, 1845). Issue: 

240 1. H.R.H. Henriette, Duchesse de VendOme, Princess Emmanuel of Orleans 

(H.R.H. Princess Henriette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : born 
Nov. 30, 1870 {twin with the late Princess Josephine Marie Stephanie Victoire, 
■who died 1871 — see 243 for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to 
H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel d'ORLEANS, Due de VendOme {b. Jan. 18, 1872— see 224). 

241 2. H.R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hohenzollern (H.R.H. Princess Josephine 

Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : born Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 
H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton of Hohenzollern {bom Sept. 1, 1868 — see 173). 

242 3. H.R.H. Prince Albert, Count of Flanders (Albert Leopold Clement Marie 

Meinrad), Crown Prince of Belgium : born April 8, 1875 ; married (1900) 
H.R.H. Duchess Elisabeth Valerie Gabriele Marie of Bavaria (daughter of 
Duke Carl Theodor, and born July 25, 1876). 

243 (1) H.R.H. Prince Leopold Philippe Charles of Belgium : born Nov. 3, 1901. 

244 (2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium : born Oct. 10, 1903. 
244a (3) H.R.H. Princess Marie Jos£ Charlotte of Belgium : born Aug. 4, 1906. 

245 HI. H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian, ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Princess Marie 

Charlotte Amelie Leopoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840 ; married (1857) H.I.M. 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {bom 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867). 

C. 1st Cousins with Descendants (side of Duchess op Kent continued). 

Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen, half-brother of Queen Victoria. 

246 I. H.S.H. the late Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Emich), 

G.C.B., G.C.V.O., an Admiral in the British Navy (served in Burma and in Black 
and Baltic Seas) : born Nov. 9, 1830 ; died April 5, 1904, having man-ied (1858) H.G.D.H. 
the late Princess Marie Amalie of Baden, V.A. ; {born 1834 ; died 1899). Issue: 

247 1. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl), 

G.C.V.O. : born Jan. 18, 1866; succeeded his father 1904 ; married (1894) his second 
cousin, Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (second 
daughter of H.S.H. Hermann, Prince of the same, and born July 23, 1866— see 
266). Issue: 

248 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Marie Leopoldine Elise Sophie of Leiningen: 

born May 12, 1895. 

249 ( 2 ) H.S.H. Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heinrich Maximilian, Hered. Prince 

of Leiningen : born Dec. 29, 1896. 

250 (3) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Carl Eduard Erwin of Leiningen : born Feb. 

13, 1898. 

251 (4) H.S.H. Prince Hermann "Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : born Jan. 4, 1901. 

252 (5) H.S.H. Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : born July 29, 1903. 

253 II. H.S.H. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Johann of Leiningen, K.C.V.O. : born 

Jan. 5, 1833. 

Through Princess Anne Feodora of Hohenlohe, half-sister of Queen Victoria, 

254 I. The late Prince Charles of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Carl Ludwig Wilhelm Leopold) : 

born Oct. 25, 1829 ; died 1907, having married morganatically (1861) Baroness von Bronn, 
and resigned the succession to his next brother (children named Bronn) . 

255 II. H.S.H. Hermann Ernst Franz Bernhard, Reigning Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 

G. C.B., Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lonaine, a General in the Prussian Army : born 
Aug. 31, 1832; succeeded his father i860; married (1862) H.G.D.H. the late Princess 
Leopoldina "VVilhelmine Maximiliane, Margravine of Baden (younger daughter of 

H. G.D.H. the late Prince "William, and born Feb. 22, 1837 ; died Dec. 23, 1903). Issue: 

256 1. Ernst Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe- 

Langenburg, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.): born Sept. 13, 1863; married (1896) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg, C.I. {born Sept. 1, 1878 — see 63). 

257 (1) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred of Hohenlohe : born March 24, 1897. 

258 (2) Princess Maria Melita Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born Jan. 18, 1899. 

259 (3) Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born April 2, 


260 (4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : born July 4, 1902. 

261 », H.S.H. Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (Princess Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Heinrich XXVIL, " Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue: 


The Royal Family - {Relatives). 

262 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Feodora of Reuss : born April 21, 1889. 

263 (2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida Helene Wilhelmine of Reuss born 

July 17, 1890. 

264 (3) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLIII. of Reuss : born July 25, 1893. 

265 (4) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLV. of Reuss : born May 13, 1895. 

266 3. H.S.H. Feodora, Princess of Leiningen (Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of 

Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : born July 23, 1866; married (1894) to H.S.H. Emich 
Eduard Carl, Reigning Prince, &c. (see 247). 

267 ill. H.S.H. the late Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Vice- Admiral, R.N. : 

born 1833; died 1891, having married (1861) Lady Laura "Williamina Seymour (sister of 
5th Marq. of Hertford and born Jan. 27, 1833; now H.S.H. Princess Victor of 
IIohenlohe; raised to rank of daughter of a Marquess 1871). Residences — St. Bruno, 
Sunningdale, Ascot; Engine Court, St. James's Palace, S.W. Issue: 

268 l. Countess Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichen: born Dec. 20, 1861. Residence— 

Engine Ct., St. James's Palace, S.W. 

269 2. Albert Edward Wilfred, Count Gleichen, C.V.O., C.B. (Mil.), C.M.G., D.S.O., 

Col., late of Grenadier Guards, now an Assistant Director at Headquarteis (served 
in Soudan 1884-5, Dongola 1896, and in S. Africa 1899-1901) ; Extra Equerry to 
H.M. and a Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem : born Jan. 15, 1863. 
Residence— 64 Cliveden Mansns., Sth. Audley St,, W. (The title "Count 
Gleichen" is of Saxe-Coburg.) 

270 3. Countess Victoria Alice Leopoldine Ada Laura Gleichen: bom Nov. 28. 1868; 

married (1905) to Capt. Percy Wilfred Machell. (Adopts the name "Valda" 
from V.A.L. [A]da; now " Lady Valda Machell.") 

271 4. Countess Helena Emily Gleichen : born Feb. 1, 1873. Residence— with Countess 


272 IV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-AuGusTENBURG 

(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born July 20, 
1835; died 1900, having been married (1856) to H.H. the late Friedrich Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.-Aug. (born 1829; died 1880). Issue: 

273 1. H.I.M. Augusta Victoria, the German Empress, V.A. (nee H.S.H. Princess 

August^ Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : born Oct. 22, 1858; married (Feb. 27, 1881) to H.R.H. Prince Frederick 
William, now H.I.M. William II., German Emperor (born Jan. 27, 1859 — see 17). 

274 2. H.S.H. Caroline Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUCKS- 

burg (Princess Victoria Friederike Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : born Jan. 25, i860; married (1885) to H.H. Prince Friedrich Ferdinand 
Georg, Duke of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUCKSBURG (born Oct. 12. 
1855). Issue: 

275 (1) H.R.H. the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (H.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelheid Helene Friederike of Holstein-Qlucksburg) : born Dec. 31, 
1885; married (1905) as under No. 77. 

276 (2) H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Auguste Wilhelmine of Holstein- 

Glucksburg: born April 21 , 1887. 

277 (3) H.H. Princess Helena Adelheid Victoria Marie of Holstein-Glucksburg : 

born June l, 1888. 

278 (4) H.H. Princess Adelheid Luise of Holsteix-Glucxsburg : born Oct. 19, 


279 (5) H.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Christian Giinther of Holstein-Glucks-' 

burg : born Aug. 23, 1891. 

280 (6) H.H. Princess Victoria Irene Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Glucks- 

burg : bom May 11, 1894. 

281 3. H.S.H. Ernst Gunther, Duke of Schlesw.-HoLSTEiN-Sond.-AuGUSTENBURG : born 

Aug. 11, 1863 ; married (1898) H.H. Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg (see 180). 

282 4. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Leopold of Prussia' (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Luise Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustenburg) : bom April 8, 1866; 
married (1889) to H.R.H. Prince Joachim Friedrich Leopold of Prussia, 
G.C.V.O. (born Nov. 14. 1865). Issue: 

283 (1) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Margarete Elisabeth Ulrike of Prussia: born 

April 17, 1890. 

284 (2) H.R.H. Prince Joachim Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia :bornT)ec. 17, 1891. 

285 (3) H.R.H. Prince Tassilo Friedrich Carl of Prussia : born April 6, 1893. 

286 (4) H.R.H. Trince Franz Joseph Friedrich Leopold of Prussia: bom 

Aug. 27, 1895. 

287 5. H.S.n. rrincess Feodora Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holstein-Augustenburg : 

born July 3, 1874. 

288 V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Feodore Victoria 

Adelheid of Hoiienloiik-Langenburg) : born 1839; d ' ed 1872, having married (1858), 
as his gecond consort, H.H. George II., present Reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and 
Hildburghausen (born April 2, 1826). [He afterwards married morganatically Helena 
Frances, Baroness von II eldbiu'g. ] Issue (by Duchess Feodora —No. 25 gives one of 
the issue by iirst consort) : 

289 1. H.H. Prince Ernst Bernhard Victor Georg of Saxe-Meiningen: born Sept. 27, 

1859; married morganatically (1892) Catharina, Baroness von Saalfeld (bom 
1874). (Children entitled " Barons and Baroness von Saalfeld.") 

Index to the Royal Family. 


290 2. H.H. Prince Friedrich Johann Bernhard Moritz Of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn 

Oct. 12, 1861 ; married (1889) H.S.H. Princess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
Xiippft-BiESTERFELD (eldest daughter of the lath Most Illustrious Count Ernst, 
and horn June 22, 1870) . [In 1905 the reigning title was advanced to " Prince."] 
Issue i 

I291 (1) Princess Carola Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn May 29, 


292 (2) Princess Adelheid Ema Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn 

Aug. 16, 1891. 

293 (3} Prince Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn Oct. 11, 1892. 

294 (4) Prince Ernst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meiningen : born Sept. 23, 1895. 

295 (5) Princess Luise Marie Catherina of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn March j 3, 1899. 

296 (6) Prince Bernhard Friedrich Julius Keinrich of Saxe-Meiningen: lorn 

June 20, 1901. 

Note. — The net total is 288 living blood-relations (the apparent 296 has to be first increased by 21 
for those numbers to which a, I, &c. are appended, and then diminished by 29 for deceased relatives) . 
The 288 comprise 11 married couples who are related to His Majesty on both sides. 


*#* There is an unavoidable imperfection in the following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally used. When, however, a name is found cited under some variation — 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed " Prince Berengar "—a reference to " Prussia" would conduct the 
searcher to the only possible houses under which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert of Prussia" 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia." German names are usually anglicised in the index, whilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Adalbert, Pr. (Prussia), 20 
Adelaide, Prss. (Holst.-Glilck3.), 278 

„ „ (Saxe-M. ) 290 & 292 
Adolphus, Pr. (Schaumb.-L.), 30 

„ Fredk., Her. G. D. otMeck.-Strel. 99 
Albany, D. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 75. 
Albert, Ot. (Mensdorff-P.-Diet.), 128 
„ D. (Wurtemberg), 133 
„ Pr. (Flanders), 24a 
„ „ (Hohemollern), 176 
„ „ (Schles. - Hoist.), 67 
„ Eugene, D. ( Wurtemberg), 13c 
„ Fredk., Pr. ( Wales), 4 
Alencon, Ferdinand, Due d', 221 
Alexander, Pr. (Battenberg), 79 
„ „ (Sparta), 33 

v (Tedc), ro3 
„ Edward, Pr. (Denmark), 14 
Alexandra, Prss. ( Hohenlohe-L. L63 & 259 
„ „ (U.K.) 10 
,, Fedorovna, Empss. Russ. 53 
„ Victoria, Prss. (Holst.-Gl.), 276 
Alexandrine, Ctss. (Dietrichstein), 124 
Alexis, Gd. Dk. (Russia), 58 
Alice, Prss. (Teck), 76 

„ „ (the late), 44 
Alix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
Alphonse, Ct. v. Mensdorff-P. mi 

,, Pr. (Bavaria), 222 
Alphonso, D. of Oporto, 148 
Anastasia, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 57 
Andrew, Prss. (Greece), 46 
Anhalt, see 69 & 95 
Anne Monica, Prss. (Saxony), 157 
Antoine, Pr. (Orleans), 220 
Antonia, Prss. of Hohem., Infanta of 

Portugal, 163 
Antony, Pr. (Saxe-Cob. ), 192 
Apponyi, Ctss. 129 
Argyll, D. of, 70 
[Aribert, Pr. (Anhalt), see 69] 
Armagh, E. of, 87 
Arthur Aug., Ct. (Mensd.-P.), 130 

„ Patrick (Connaught), 73 
Asturias, Pr. of, 80a 
Augusta, Archdss. (Austria), 201 

„. Victoria, Prss. (Hohem.), 165 
Augustus Charles, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 1O4 
„ Leopold, Pr. (do.), 183 
„ William, Pr. (Prussia), 21 
Austria, Archd. Joseph of, 194; house, 

„ „ Otho F. Jos. of, i; 

„ see also 132-3, 233, and Directory 
Austria-Tuscany— see 151, 183 
Baden, Prss. Marie Alex, of, 86 

Baden, see also 85, 246, 235 
Baillet de Latour.Ct., 115 
Battenberg, Prss. Henry of, 78 ; house, 
79-82. See also Directory 
„ Louis, Pr. of, 45 ; house, 46-9 
Bavaria, Pr. Alphonse of, 222 
„ D. Max. Em. of, house, 208-10 
„ see also 190,201, 242, and Directory 
Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), 73 

„ „ (Saxe-Goburg), 64 
Beja (Portugal), D. of, 147 
Belgians, K. of, 233 ; house, 234-8 
Belgium— see 173, 178, and Flanders 
Bernhard, Pr. of Saxe-Mein., 25 & 296 
Berthold, Pr. (Baden), 96a 
Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 232 
Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 212 
Bourbon-Sicily — see 164 
Braganza (Port. ), Louis Phil., D. of, 146 
Brazil— see 181, 217 
Bronn, Bnss. von, 254 
Brunswick— see 83, 94 
Bulgaria, Ferd. Pr. of, 211 ; issue, 212-5 
Cambridge, D. of (the late), 93 
Carlos I., K. of Portugal, 145 
Carol, Pr. (Roumania), 169 
Carola, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 291 
Caroline Maria Immac, Archdss. 
(Saxe-Cob.), 183 
„ Matilda, Dss. ( Holst.-Glucks. ), 280 
Charles, Pr. (Belgium), 244 
„ ,, (Denmark), 13 
„ Alexander, D. ( Wurtemberg ), 136 
„ Antony, Pr. (Hohemollern), 173 
„ August, Pr. (Thurn & T.), 198 
„ Borwin, D. (Ueck.-Strel.), 100 
„ Edward, D. of Saxe-Cob., 77 
„ Fras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 159 
„ Philip, Pr. (Orleans), 227a 
„ Theodore, Pr. (Belg.), 244 
Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., 25 
Christian, Pr. (Schleswig-HolsL), 65 
Christopher, D. (Bavaria), 209 

„ Pr. (Hesse), 43 
Clarence, D. of (the late), 1 
Clary- Aldringen, Cts. &c, 114-7 
Clementine, Prss. (Belgium), 238 

,, Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 185 
Clothilde, Archdss. (Austria), 193 
Connaught, D. of, 71 ; house, 72-4 
Constantine, D. of Sparta, 31 
Cumberland, D. of, 84 ; house, 85-90 
Cyril, Pr. of Preslav (Bulgaria), 213 
Czartoryski, Pr. 229 ; house, 230-3001 
Danilo, Cr. Pr. of Montenegro, 98 
Denmark, Pr. Charles of, 13 
Denmark— see also 84 and Directory 

Dietrichstein-Kicolsburg, Prs. and Cts. 
of, 122-7 
„ „ Dow. Prss. of, 122 
Dblgorouki—see 123 
Donnersmarck— see Henckel 
Dorothea, Dss. of Hoist. -Aug., 180 
Edinburgh, D. of (the late), 59 
Edward, Pr. (Leiningen), 232 

„ Albert, Pr. (Wales), 3 
[Egloffstein, Bnss. von und zu, a Bed- 
chamber Woman to H.R.H. Prss. 
Eirene, Prss. (Sparta), 36 
Eitel-Frederick, Pr. (Prussia), 19 
Eleonore, G. Dss. of Hesse, 52 
Elise, Her. Prss. of Reuss, 261 
Elizabeth, G. Dss. of Meck.-Strel., 95 
„ Prss. (Roumania), 170 
„ Alexandrina, Ctss. (Clary-Aldr.), 

„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Russ.), 50 
, , Helena, Prss. ( Thu rn <k Taxis), 201 
„ Henrietta, Archdss. (Aust.), 206 
„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 236 
Emich Chas., Pr. of Leiningen, 247 

„ Ernest, Pr. (Leiningen), 249 
Emmanuel, D. de Venddme, 224 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria Eugenie 
Ernest, Her.Pr. of Hohenlohe-Lang., 256 
„ Augustus, Pr. ( Cumbd. ), 90 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 289 
„ Gunther. D. of Holst.-Aug., 281 
„ Henry, Pr. (Saxony), 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 294 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
Eu, Comte d* (Orleans), 217 
Eudoxia, Prss. (Bulgaria), 214 
Feodora, Ctss. (Gleichen), 263 
„ Prss. of Leiningen, 266 
„ „ (Holst.-Aug.), 287 
„ „ (Reuss), 26 
Ferdinand, Pr. of Bulgaria, 211 
„ „ (Orleans), 221 
„ of Roumania, 168 
Fife, D. of, 9 ; daughters. 10, n 
FitzGeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Flanders, Ct. of, 239 ; house, 240-4 

„ see also 224 
Francis, Pr. (Teck), 107 
„ Joseph, Ct. (Nepomuk-P.), 120 
„ „ Her.Pr. of Thurn & Taxis, 197 
„ ,, Pr. (Hohemollern), 167 
„ ,, (Windisch-GrMz), 237 
Frederica, Bnss. vonPawel-Ramm.,91 
Frederick, Empress (the late), 16 
,, Pr. (Holstein-Glilcksb.), 279 
,, Pr. (Saxe-Meiningen), 290 


The Royal Family. 

Frederick, Augustus III. 
Saxony, 151 
„ Charles, Pr. (Hesse), 37 
,, „ (Leiningen), 356 
„ „ , ? (Prussia), 285 
„ Christian, Pr. (Saxony), 153 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Pruss.), 282 & 2S86 
, Sigismund, do. (do,); 284 
„ Victor, Pr. (Hohenzoll), 166 
„ William,. Pr. (Hesse), 38 

Gaston, Cte. $ Eu (Orleans), 217 

Genevi6ve, Prss. (Orleans), 227 

George, Pr. (Battenberg), 48 
,, „ (Saxe-Meiningen), 293 

„ (Saxony), 152 
„ „ (Sparta), 3a 
„ „ (Teck), 104 
„ „ ( Wales), 7 
„ Donatus, Pr. (Hesse), 52ft 
„ II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 288 

German Emperor, 17 ; Empress, 27^ 
house, 18-24 

Germany— see Prussia 

Gleichen, Ct. 269; house, 267-71 

Gottfried, Pr. (Hohenl.), 257 

Greece, Pr. Royal of, 31 
„ see Directory 

Gustavus Adolphus, Prss. (Sived.), 72 

Haakon VII., King of Norway, 13 

Hanover, see Cumberland 

Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 
„ Prss. ( Holst.-Gliicksbg.), 277 
„ „ (Schles.-Holstein), 65 
„ „ (Sparta), 34 
„ (Teck), 106 

Henckel, Ct. 118 

Henry, Pr. (Prussia), 27; Prss.. 51 
„ (Wales), 6 
„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Rsuss, 

261 ; XXX. (do.), 26 
„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. (do.), 264-5 
Hermann, Pr. (Leiningen), 251 
Hesse, G. D. of, 52 

„ Pr. Fredk. Chas. of, 37 ; sons 38-43 
Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Hohenlohe-Lang., Pr. of, 255; house, 
256-66 ; Prss. Victor of, 267 
Hohenzollern, Pr. of, 163 ; house, 164-76 
Holst.-Augustenbwg, D.of,28i; I)ss.i8o 
„ „ D. Fredk. of, house, 273-87 
„ „ Pr. Christian of, 65 ; house. 

Holst.-GUlcksburg, D. of, 274 ; house, 
275-80 : see Directory 

Hungary— see 233 

Immaoulata, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 193 

Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 

Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 260 

Isabella, Ctsse. A' Eu (Orleans), 217 
„ Prss. (Czartoryski), 230 

Italy— see 144, six 

Jametel, Ct., 96 

Joachim, Pr. (Pruss.), 23 

John, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 77a 
„ Charles, Pr. ( Wales), 8 
„ George, Pr. (Saxony), 161 

Joseph, Archdss. (Austria), 194 
„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 202 
„ Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 223 
„ Francis, Archd. (Austria), 203 

Josephine, Prss. (Hohenzoll.), 241 

Kinsky, house, 113-20 

Ladislas, Archd. (Austria), 205 

Leiningen, Pr. of, 246 ; house, 247-52 

Leopold, Pr. (Battenberg), 81 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 179 
„ II., K. of Belgians, 233 
,, Philippe, Pr. \Bclg.), 243 

Leopoldine, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 190 

Lip pe-B tester f eld— see 290 

Lonyay, Ct., 235 

Louis, Pr. of Battenberg, 45 
Louis, 49 
,, Pr. (Orleans), 219 
,, „ (Saxe-Coburg), 191 
,, Philip, D. of Braganza, 146 
„ ,, Pr. ( Thurn & Taxis), 199 

Louisa, Pis?. (Battenberg), 47 
„ Adelaide, Prss. (Jieuss), 263 
„ Augusta, Prss. (Schlcs.-Holst.), 63 
„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.),^ 

King of. Louisa* Sophia, PrsBi (Prussia); 28a 
' Louise, Prss. (Dss. of Fife), 9 
„ „ (Dss. of Argyll), 70 
,j ,. (Belg.),z3n 
,, Auguste, Prss. (Schle&.-Holst.)i 6g 
Lowenstein, Pr. & Prss. of, 119-19^ 
Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 210 
Manuel, D. of Beja (Portugal)., 147 
Margaret, Prss. (Greece), 46a 
„ ,, (Saxony), 155 

„ ,, of Thurn & Taxis, 195 
,, Mary, Dss. ( Wiirtemb.), 139 
Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Strelitz), 96 
„ Prss. (Hohenlohe), 258 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 186 
„ Amelia, Dss. ( Wurtemberg), 137 
„ Doroth. Amel., Dss. (Orleans), 194 
„ Pia, Dow. Qn. of Portugal, 144 
„ Theresa, Archdss. ( Austria), 133 
„ „ Dss. ( Wiirtmb.), 138 
,. „ Her. Prss. of Hohenz., 164 
Marie, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 56 
„ Prss. (Hohenzollern), 175 
„ „ (Roumania), i63 & 171 
„ Alexandra, Prss. (Baden), 86 
,, Alice, Prss. (Saxony), 156 
,, Alexandrovna, G. Dss. &c, 59 
„ Amalie, Dss. ( Wurtemberg), 137 
,, Jose, Prss. (Belg.), 244a 
„ Louise, Prss. (Orleans), 225 
Matilda, Prss. (Saxony), 150 
Maud, Queen of Nonvay, 13 

„ Prss. (U.K.), 11 
Maurice, Pr. (Battenberg), 82 
Max Emmanuel, Pr. (Thurn &T.), 200 
Maximilian, Archdss. (Mexico), 245 
,, Prss. (Baden), 85 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ ,, (Saxony), 162 
„ Eugene, Archd. (Aust), 160 
May, Prss. (Teck), 108a 
Mecklenb.-Schwerin, Gd. Dss. of, 88 

„ see also in Directory 
Mecklenb.-Strelitz, Dow. Gd. Dss. of, 

94, Gd. D. 95 ; house, 96-ico 
Mensdorff-Pouilly, house, 109-30 
„ „ Alphonse, Ct. von, 121 
„ „ Hugo, Ct. von, 123 
„ ,, Diefr*icfcstein,Ct.Albert,i28 
Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 245 
Militza, Cr. Prss. of Montenegro, 98 
Nadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 215 
Naples— see Bourbon- Sicily 
Nemours, Due de, 227a 
Nepomxtk-Paschalis, Ct. Fras. J. v., 120 
Xt thaiands—see 75 
Nicholas II., Emp. of Russia, 53 

,, Pr. (Roumania) 171 
Norway, King of, 13 
Oberndorff^ Ctss. 110 
Olaf , Cm, Pr. of Norway, 14 
Oldenburg— see 19 
Olga, Ctss. (Dieir.-Nicolsb.), 125 
„ G. Dss. (Russia), 54 
„ Prss. (Cumberland), 89 
„ „ v. Dietrichstein-N., 123 
Oporto, D. of, 148 
Orleans, D. of, 195 
„ Pr. Emmanuel of, 224 
,, „ Ferdinand of, 221; house, 222-7 
„ „ Gaston of, 217 ; house, 218-20 
„ Prss. Blanche of, 232 
„ see also 145, 177 
Oscar, Pr. (Prussia), 22 
Otho Fras., Archdss. (Aust.), 158 
Otto, Pr. ( Windisch-Grdtz), 236 
Parma— see 211 
Paul, Pr. (Sparta), 35 
Pawel-Rammingen, Bn. yon, 91 
Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 182 
Philip, D. ( Wurtemberg), 132 ; house, 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 
„ ,, (Saxe-Cob uro), 178 & 188 
„ Albert, D. ( Wurtemberg), 134 
Pierre, Pr. (Orleans), 218 
Portugal, Antonia, Infanta of, 163 
,, Dow. Qn. of, 144 
,, King of, 145 ; house, 144-8 
,, see also 217 
Preslav (Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 


Proskau-Leslie—see 122 
Prussia, Fredc. III. of, house, 17*43 
, j Pr. Fredk. Leopi of, 882 
„ William IL of, 17 ; house, 18-24 
,, see also 71 
Rainer, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 187 
Raphael, Pr. (Thurn & T.), sow 
Reuss, Her. Pr. of, 263 ; house, 262-5 

„ Prss. Heinrich XXX. of, 26 
Richard, Pr. (Hesse), 42 
Robert, D. (Wurtemberg), 141 
Roumania, Pr. of, 16S ; house, 169-72 
Russia, Emp. of, 53; house, 54-8 
„ G. Dss. Sergius of, 50 
„ see also 59 and Directory 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 289 
Savoy, Prss. of, 144 
Saxe-Altenburg— see 83 
Saxe-Coburg, D. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 59 ; 
house, 60-4 
„ Pr. Augustus of, 181 ; house 182-91 
Saxe-Meiningen, Her. Pr. of, 25 
„ Prss. Feodora of, 26 
„ George II. of, 2S8 ; house, 289-96 
Saxony, King of, 151 ; house, 150-62 

„ Pr. John George of, 161 
Scania, Dss. of, 72 

Schaumburg-Lippe,V\: Adolphus of,3<> 
Schleswig-Holst, Pr, Christian of, 65; 
house, 66-9 
„ see Holstein and note to No. 65 
Sergius, G. Dss. (Russia), 50 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary-Aldringen), 114 

,, D. (Bavaria), 208 
Sigismund, Pr. (Prussia), 29 
Sophia, Archdss. (Austria), 204 
„ Ctss. (Kinsky), 113 
„ Dss. (Sparta), 31 
„ Prss. (Orleans), 226 
Spain, King of, 80 
Sparta, D. of, 31 ; house, 32-6 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 235 
„ Prss. (Hohenzollern), 174 
Siveden, Prss. Gustavus of, 72 
Tatiana, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 55 
Teck, D. of ,103 ; house, 102-8 
Theodora, Prss. (Greece), 460 
Theresa, Ctss. (Clary-Aldringen), 114 

„ Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 189 
Thurn & Taxis, Pr. of, 196 ; house, 197- 


Thyra, Dss. of Cumberland, 84 
Tirnova (Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of, 212 
Tsarevitch, The, 58 
Tuscany— see 151, 183 
Ulrich, D. ( Wurtemberg), 142 
Upland, D. of, 72b 
" Valda," Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
Venddme, Due de, 224 
Victor, Prss. (Hohenl.), 267 
Victoria Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
„ Prss. (Leiningen), 248 
„ „ (Reuss), 262 
„ „ (Schaumburg-L.), 30 
„ (Schlesxoig-Holst), 68 

„ „ (U.K.), 1.2 
,, Queen of Spain, 80 
„ Adel., Prss. (Holst.-Glucks.), 275 
„ Alexandra, Prss. ( Wales), 5 
„ Constanee, Prss. (Teck), 105 
„ Eugenie, Queen (Spain), 80 
„ Louisa, Prss. (Prussia), 24 
„ Margaret, do. (do.), 283 
„ Mary, Prss. of Wales, 103 
„ Melita, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 62 
„ Patricia, Prss. (Connaught), 74 
Waldeck dj Pyrmont—see 75 
Waldemar, Pr. (Prussia), 28 
Wales, Pr. of, 2; house, 3-8 
Westerbotten, D. of, 72a 
Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, 118 
William, Her. Pr. of Hohenzoll., 164 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, 18 
„ II., German Emperor, 17 
,, Fredk., Pr. (Germ.), x8a 
Windisch-Grdtz, house, 236-701 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 231 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
Worth, D. of— see Thurn & Taxis 
Wurtemberg, D. Philip of, 132 ; house, 

Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 



H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic j 

H.I.M. "William II. , German Emperor , > surviving children and grandchildn. 8 

H.R.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen l 

H. R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia , , „ 2 

H.R.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe „ 

H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta „ 5 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse , 6 

H.M. Edward VII. : 

H.R.H. George, Prince of "Wales „ 6 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife „ 2 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria » 

H.R.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark >> * 

H.R.H. the late Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse: 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg » 6 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Henry above) „ 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse „ * 

H.I.M. Alexandra, Empress of Russia >, 5 

H.R.H. the late Alfred-, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : 

H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania ,« 

H.R.H. Victoria MeHta, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) ,, 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg ,, 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg ,, 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein : 
H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 

H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. the Duchess of Scania * 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught. 
H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 

H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 
H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck. 

H.R.H: Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg « 

H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg : 
H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 

H I. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain , , , 

H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 
H.H. Prince Maurice of Battenberg. 

Total number of Queen Victoria's Descendants...... 


The rules furnished earlier on, with reference- to the Descent of the Nobility, will enable any 
person to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only 
difference to be observed being that ddtightsrs are eligible for succession in order of their own 
seniority, but not till after the youngest Of the sons. Thus, after the Prince of Wales and bis live 
sons would come his daughter; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children^ of the 
eldest in preference to the second sister j then the second daughter of Hie late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, 
his eldest daughter, now the Crown Princess of Roumania, having formally renounced on her 
marriage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg; branch, 
we treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thas exhausted the families orall her 
late Majesty's sons we turn to her daughters, beginning with the house of the late Empress Frederic, 
and thus, just beyond the 20th on the list, we arrive at the German Emperor, and at this point it 
may well appear that the investigation has gone far enough. It may, however, be worth noting that 
granddaughters who are descended from sons will by the above law tafce precedence of daugnters 
even if these are older than those sons (the daughter of: the late Duke of Albany ranking prior to 
the line of the late EmpressLFrederic) , as welLas-precedenee of sons us are not older. U>mpare 
her late Majesty's succession in preference to. the Duke of Cumber land. 



It will at once be noticed that the Hanover Line is here exhibited by thick lines, and that of 
Saxe-Coburg by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the ist and 3rd 
places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Frederick Duke 
of York, who died in X827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Charlotte, Princess Royal, who must 
be carefully distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 
and first consort of King Leopold I., whose death in childbirth (1817) caused such general regret. 
Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two more daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Eliza- 
beth, then the Dukes of Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, and lastly the Princesses Mary, Sophia, 
and Elizabeth, and the infant Princes Octavius and Alfred. To avoid overcrowding we have had to 
omit these five names from the table as well as those of the before-mentioned daughters. 

Turning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Reigning 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld from 1800 till his death in 1806. He was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthony, Duke Ernest I. of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter Principality 
having been acquired by a family compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meiningen. The 
Duke died in 1844 and was followed by the elder of his two sons, Ernest Augustus Charles, Duke 
Ernest II., the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.R.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and 
he in turn by his nephew the Duke of Albany. As elsewhere notified, the succession would 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of Wales (now King Edward VII. ) as eldest son of the Prince 
Consort, the preceding Duke's brother ; but His Royal Highness, as heir to the English throne, 
had formally renounced his claim in 1863. 

Returning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess 
of Mensdorff-Pouilly and Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand, 
whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, whilst the 2nd married a Princess of the Bourbon- 
Orleans House, and a daughter became Duchess of Nemours. Some of the descendants of these 
returned by marriage to Saxe-Coburg or passed to Saxony, Hohenzollern, Bavaria, or Austria, which 
States, with the already noted Belgium, "Wurtemberg, Portugal, France, and others that might 
be added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen, Mecklenburg, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, 
Bulgaria, Roumania, Russia, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, and Norway, make up 
very nearly the whole of Europe for the regions into which our present Royal Family has spread or 
from which its alliances have been drawn. The three pages following furnish the evidence for this. 

Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Princesses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
table : the former, Princess Juliana, married the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, but after twenty- 
four years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
child, the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
mentioned, who, after the death of the Princess Charlotte, married the eldest daughter of King Louis 
Philippe, by whom he became father of his present Majesty, King Leopold II. We have reserved 
for the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the Princess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late 
Majesty Queen Victoria, but in the first place wife of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 
was Reigning Prince of Leiningen, and whose two children, Prince Charles Emich his successor and 
Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents 
(especially the latter) of the extensive lines of first cousins of His Majesty numbered 246-96 in our 
list of the Royal Relatives. 

After the death of Prince Emich Charles the Princess Victoria married the Duke of Kent, and their 
only issue was our late Queen. By their marriage the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg 
were again united after the unhappy severing of their former alliance by the death of Princess 
Charlotte ; but the subsequent union of her late Majesty with Prince Albert, son of Duke Ernest 
I., effected a second amalgamation from which the two Houses have seemed to become practically 

The death of Queen Victoria occurred on the 22nd of January, 1901 , in the 82nd year of her age and 
the 64th of her reign— distinguished as being the longest in English history. The nearest approach 
to it, that of George III., was clearly short of 60, and it is singular that the only other Monarchs who 
attained to a sovereignty of half a century were also both of thtm the third of their respective names- 
Henry III., 56, and Edward III., 50. 


9 8 

The Royal Family. 


#*# The following list consists in large degree of references to the preceding table of the Royal Family ; the 
paragraphs in fuller form are thus all but restricted either to alliances which are themselves wholly past (reaching 
back to Henry VIII.) or to those which are derived through some member earlier than her late Majesty. 

States or Houses having a star (*) prefixed were sovereign at the dates cited but are so no longer. 

Anhalt.— See " Elizabeth " (95) . 

See " Louisa Margaret " (71), who is a niece of 
Frederick, the reigning Duke. 

*Anspach.— George II., then hered. Prince, to 
Caroline, daughter of Margrave John Frederick: 

Frederica Louisa, daughter of King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, and niece of George II., to 
Margrave Charles William : 1729. 

Austria. — Victor Emanuel I., then Prince of 
Sardinia, great grandson of Anne of Orleans, 
granddaughter of Charles I., to Theresa, daughter 
of Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria : 1789. 

Maria Anna, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Emperor Ferdinand I., then Arch- 
duke : 1831. 

See " Maria Theresa " (132), " Margaret Sophia" 
U33)j "Otho Fras. Joseph" (158), "Joseph" 
(194), "Maria" (195 and 233), "Rudolph" (235), 
and " Maximilian " (245). For the Tuscan branch 
see "Louise Antoinette" (151), and "Caroline 
Maria Immaculata " (183). 

Baden.— Frederick William, eventually Duke 
of Brunswick, great grandson of George II., to 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Margrave Charles 
Frederick : 1802. 

See "Marie " (246), and "Leopoldina" (255). 

Bavaria. — Elizabeth, daughter of James I., to 
Frederick V. of the Palatinate : 1613. 

Francis V., then hered. Duke of Modena, and 
lineal descendant of the above Anne of Orleans, 
to Adelgonde, daughter of King Louis I. : 1842. 

Maria Theresa, daughter of Ferdinand, brother 
of the above Francis V., to Louis, son of Luitpold, 
Prince Regent of Bavaria : 1868. 

See "Augusta" (202), "Maximilian Emanuel" 
(207), "Sophie" (221), and "Alphonse" (222). 

*Bayreuth. — Frederica, daughter of King 
Frederick William I. of Prussia, and niece of 
George II., to Frederick, afterwards reigning 
Margrave: 1731. 

I Belgium. — Edward, Duke of Kent, son of 
George III., to Victoria Louisa, daughter of 
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and sister 
of Prince Leopold, afterwards King Leopold I. : 

King Leopold I., uncle of Queen Victoria, to 
Louisa, daughter of Louis Philippe, King of 
the French, and lineal descendant of Elizabeth 
Charlotte, great granddaughter of James I. : 1832. 

See "Louise " (234), and " Josephine " ^240). 

*Bonaparte. — Catherine, daughter of King 
Frederick I. of Wiirtemberg, and great-niece of 
Geoige III., to Jerome, afterwards King of West- 
phalia, brother of Napoleon I. : 1807. 

Brazil. — Francis, Prince de Joinville, son of 
King' Louis Philippe, to Francisca, daughter of 
the Emperor Pedro I. : 1843. 

See "Leopoldina" (181), and "Isabella" (217). 

*Bruns wick. — Frederick IT. (the Great) of 
Prussia, then Crown Prince, nephew of George LT., 
to Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Ferdinand Albert: 

Philippine, daughter of the above King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, to Charles, then hered. 
Duke: 1733. 

August William, Prince of Prussia, son of King 
Frederick William I., to Louisa Amelia, daughter 
of Duke Ferdinand Albert : 1742. 

Augusta, daughter of Frederick, Prince of 
Wales, and sister of George III., to Charles 
William, afterwards reigning Duke : 1764. 

Frederick William II., then Crown Prince of 
Prussia, great-nephew of George II., to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Duke Charles : 1765. 

George IV., then Prince of Wales, to Caroline, 
daughter of Charles William, reigning Duke : 1795. 

Bulgaria. — Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg elected 
Prince : see 211. 

*Cleves.— Henry VIII. to Anne, daughter of 
Duke John III. : 1540. 

Denmark.— James I. to Anne, daughter of King 
Frederick II. : 1589. 

Anne, daughter of James II., to Prince George, 
brother of King Christian V. : 1683. 

Louisa, daughter of George II., to Frederick, 
then Crown Prince, afterwards King Frederick V. : 

Landgrave William IX., then hered. Prince of 
Hesse-Cassel, grandson of George II., to Wil- 
helmine Caroline, daughter of King Frederick V. : 

Charles, son of Frederick II., Landgrave of 
Hesse Cassel, and grandson of George II., to 
Louisa, daughter of King Frederick V. : 1766. 

Caroline Matilda, daughter of Frederick, Prince 
of Wales, and sister of George III., to King 
Christian VII. : 1766. 

Marie, daughter of Robert, Duke of Chartres, 
grandson of King Louis Philippe, to Waldemar, 
son of King Christian IX. : 1885. 

See "H.M. Queen Alexandra " and ' Thyra" 

France. — Mary, daughter of Henry VII., to 
King Louis XII. : 1514. 

Charles I. to Henrietta Maria, daughter of King 
Henry IV. : 1625. 

Henrietta Anna, daughter of Charles I., to 
Philip I., Duke of Orleans, brother of King 
Louis XIV. : 1661. 

Elizabeth Charlotte, daughter of the Elector 
Charles Louis of the Palatinate, and great grand- 
daughter of James I., to Philip I., Duke of 
Orleans, brother of King Louis XIV. : 1671. 

Maria Louisa, daughter of Victor Amadeus 
III., of Sardinia, and great granddaughter of 
Anne of Orleans, to Louis, afterwards King 
Louis XVIII. : 1771. 

Theresa, daughter of Victor Amadeus ILL of 
Sardinia, and great granddaughter of Anne of 
Orleans, to Charles, afterwards King Charles X., 
grandfather of Henry, Count of Chambord : 1773. 

Leopold I., as above under Belgium. 

Maria Theresa, daughter of Francis IV. of 
Modena, and lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Henrv, Count of Chambord, son of 
Charles, Duke of Berry, and grandson of King 
Charles X. : 1846. 

See "Marie" (131), "Marie Amelie " (145), 
"Clementine" (177), and "Nemours" (216); 
I the second of these was herself already connected 
I with our royal line, being one of the numerous 

Marriage Alliances. 

lineal descendants of Elizabeth Charlotte, great 
granddaughter of James I. 

Greece —King Edward VII. to Alexandra of 
Denmark, sister of George I. : 1863. 

See "Constantine " (31). 

*Hanover.— Sophia, daughter of Frederick V. 
of the Palatinate, and granddaughter of James I., 
to Ernest Augustus, afterwards Elector: 1658. 
(With her son, George L, commenced the English 
line of the House of Hanover.) 

*Hesse-Cassel.— Mary, daughter of George II., 
to Prince, afterwards Landgrave, Frederick II. : 

Henry Louis, son of King Frederick "William I. 
of Prussia, and nephew of George IL, to WjI- 
helmine, daughter of Maximilian, brother of 
Landgrave William VIII. : 1752. 

Adolphus Frederick, son of George III., to 
Augusta, daughter of Landgrave Frederick : 1818. 

Hesse (-Darmstadt). — Frederick William II., 
then Crown Prince of Prussia, great-nephew of 
George II., to Frederica Louisa, daughter of 
Landgrave Louis IX. : 1769. 

See"Fredk. Charles" (37), and "Louis IV." 

-"'Hesse - Homburc-. — Elizabeth, daughter of 
George III., to Landgrave Frederick, then hered. 
Prince: 1818. 

*Hohenzollern.— See "Leopold" (163), and 
" Maria " (239). 

Italy.— Prince Napoleon, son of Jerome, King 
of Westphalia, and great great-nephew of George 
III., to Clothilde, daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. : 1859. 

See " Maria Pia " (144) . 

*Leiningen.— See 246-53. 

Mecklenburg-Schwerin.— Ferdinand, Duke of 
Orleans, son of King Louis Philippe, to Helen, 
daughter of hered. Grand Duke Frederick Louis : 

See "Cacilie" (18) and "Fredk. Francis IV." 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz. — King George III. to 
Sophia Charlotte, daughter of Duke Charles 
Louis Frederick : 1761. 

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of 
George III., to Frederica, daughter of Grand 
Duke Charles Louis Frederick : 1815. 

See "Fredk. William " (94). 

Augusta, daughter of Adolphus, Duke of 
Cambridge, son of George III., to Frederick, 
then hered. Grand Duke : 1843. 

'"Mexico. — See "Maximilian" (245). 

*Moi)ena.— James II. to Mary, daughter of 
Duke Alphonso II. : 1673. 

' Charlotte, daughter of Duke Philip II. of 
Orleans, and lineal descendant of James I., to 
Francis III., then hered. Prince : 1720. 

Maria Beatrix, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, and lineal descendant of Anne of 
Orleans, to Duke Francis IV., her own uncle : 1812. 
i *Naples. — Louis Philippe, afterwards King of 
the French, to Marie Amelia, daughter of King 
Ferdinand IV., also called Ferdinand I. : 1809. 

Maria Christina, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, to Ferdinand II. : 1832. 

Henry, son of King Louis Philippe, to Caroline, 
daughter of Prince Leopold of Salerno, brother of 
King Francis I. : 1844. 

Duke Robert of Parma, lineal descendant of 
Anne of Orleans, to Maria Pia, daughter of King 
Ferdinand II. : 1869. 

See "Maria Theresa" (164). 

*Nassau-Usingen.— Frederick, son of Frederick 
II, of Hesse-CasseX, and grandson of George II., , 


to Caroline, daughter of Prince Charles William : 

Netherlands.— Mary, daughter of Charles L, 
to William, afterwards William II. : 164H 

Mary, daughter of James II. , to William III. : 

Anne, daughter of George II., to William, 
afterwards William IV. : 1737. 

Frederica Sophia, daughter of Augustus 
William, Prince of Prussia, and great-niece of 
George II. , to William V. : 1767. 

Charles George, hered. Duke of Brunswick, to 
Frederica, daughter of William V., and great 
granddaughter of George IL : 1790. 

Sophia, daughter of King William I. of 
Wurtemberg, and great great-niece of George III., 
to King William III., then Crown Prince : 1839; 

See "Helena" (75). 

Norway.— See "Haakon VII." (13). 

Oldenburg. — Elizabeth, daughter of Prince 
Frederick Charles of Prussia, and sister of Louisa 
Margaret, Duchess of Connaught, to Augustus, 
hered. Grand Duke : 1878. 

See " Sophie " (19). 

*Parma. — Maria Theresa, daughter of the 
above Victor Emanuel I. of Sardinia, to Duke 
Charles II. , then Crown Prince : 1820. 

Louisa, daughter of Charles, Duke of Berry, 
son of King Charles X. of France, and lineal 
descendant of Anne of Orleans, to Charles III., 
then hered. Duke : 1845. 

See " Maria Louisa " (211). 

*Poland. — The Old Pretender, otherwise called 
James III., son of James JJ., to Maria Clemen- 
tina, granddaughter of King John Sobieski : 1719. 

Portxtgal.— Charles II. to Catherine, daughter 
of King John IV. : 1662. 

Duke Eobert of Parma, lineal descendant of 
Anne of Orleans, to Maria Antonia, daughter of 
Dom Miguel, younger brother of the Emperor 
Pedro I. of Brazil (Pedro IV. of Portugal) : 1884. 

See " Maria II." (143) and " Isabella " (217). 

Prussia. — Sophia Charlotte, daughter of the 
Elector Ernest Augustus of Hanover, and of 
Sophia, granddaughter of James I., to King 
Frederick I., then Crown Prince : 1684. 

Sophia Dorothea, daughter of George I., to 
Frederick William I., then Crown Prince : 1700. 

William V., of the Netherlands, grandson of 
George IL, to Frederica Sophia, daughter of 
Prince Augustus William of Prussia, and sister 
of King Frederick William II. : 1767. 

Frederick, Duke of York, son of George III;,. to 
Frederica, daughter of King Frederick William 
II. : 1791. 

See ' ' Frederic " (16) , " Henry ' ' (27) , ' ' Louisa 
Margaret" (71), and "Fredk. Leopold " (282). 

Reuss.— See "Henry XXVIL" (261). 

Rqumania. — See "Ferdinand" (168), 

Russia. — King William L of Wurtemberg, 
then Crown Prince, great-nephew of George III., 
to Catherine Paulovna, daughter of the Emperor 
Paul I.: 1816. 

Charles L, King of Wurtemberg, then Crown 
Prince, great great-nephew of George III., to 
Olga, daughter of the Emperor Nicholas I. : 1846, 

Dagmar, sister of Queen Alexandra, and 
daughter of King Christian IX. of Denmark, to 
Alexander III., then heir to the Crown of Russia : 

See "Sergius" (50), "Nicholas II." (53), 
" Marie Alexandrovna " (59), and "Cyril" (65), 

*Sardinia.— Anne, daughter of Philip I., Duke 
of Orleansj and granddaughter of Charles L 3 to 

I 3 

The Royal Family. 


Victor Amadeus II., afterwards King of Sardinia : 

I Saxe-Altenburg. — See "Marie" (83). 

Mary, daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of 
; Prussia, and sister of Louisa Margaret, Duchess of 

Connaught, to Prince Albert, first cousin of 

Ernest, the reigTiing Duke : 1885. 
I Saxe-Coeurg-Saalfeld, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 
J — Charlotte, daughter of George IV., to Leopold, 
I afterwards King Leopold I., son of Francis, Duke 

of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld : 1816. 
Edward, Duke of Kent, son of George III., to 

Victoria Louisa, daughter of Francis, Duke of 

Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld : 1818. To this succeeds 
I the marriage of Queen Victoria to her first cousin 
! Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and thence- 
' forward, from this double union, the Houses of 
: England and Saxe-Coburg b3como practically 
; identified. 

*Saxe-Gotha. — Frederick Louis, son of George 
j II., to Augusta, daughter of Duke Frederick II. : 

Saxe-Meinixgen.— William IV., then Duke of 
I Clarence, son of George III., to Adelaide, 
' daughter of Duke George : 1818. 

See " Bernhard " (25) and " George II." (288). 
I Saxe-Weimar. — Augusta, daughter of King 
j William I. of Wiirtemberg, and great-great-niece 
j of George III., to Prince Herrmann, first cousin 
of the late reigning Duke Charles Alexander : 1 851 . 
Saxoxy.— See "George" (149). 
Schacmburg-Lippe.— See "Adolphus" (30). 
*Schleswig -Hols'ieix. — See " Augusta Vie- 
, toria" (273) and "Christian" (65). 
j *Scu\vedt. — Sophia Dorothea, daughter of the 
j above King Frederick William I. of Prussia, to 
I Landgrave Frederick William : 1734. 
I Augustus Ferdinand, son of King Frederick 
j William I. of Prussia, to Anne Elizabeth Louisa, 
his own niece, daughter of Landgrave Frederick 
j William : 1755. 

Spain. — Arthur, eldest son (i50i\ and subse- 
quently Henry VIII., 2nd son, of Henry VIL, to 
< 'atherine, daughter of Ferdinand V. of Arragon, 
and Isabella of Castille : 1509. 

Queen Mary, daughter of Henry VIII., to King- 
Philip II. : 1554. 

Mary, daughter of Philip I., Duke of Orleans, ! 
and granddaughter of Charles I., to King Charles j 

II. : 1679. 

Maria Louisa, daughter of Victor Amadeus II. 
of Sardinia, and of Anne of Orleans, to Philip V. : 

Antony, son of King Louis Philippe, to Louisa, 
daughter of King Ferdinand VII. : 1846. 

Maria Beatrix, daughter of Francis IV. of 
Modena, and lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Don John, Pretender to the throne 
of Spain, nephew of King Ferdinand VII. : 1847. 

Margaret, daughter of Duke Charles III. of 
Parma, and lineal descendant of Anne of Orleans, 
to Don Carlos, Pretender to the throne of Spain, j 
great-nephew of King Ferdinand VII. : 1867. 

Maria de las Mercedes, daughter of Antony, 
Duke of Montpensier, son of King Louis Philippe, j 
to King Alfonso XII. : 1878. 

See "Alfonso XIII." (80). 

Sweden. — Louisa, daughter of King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, and niece of George II., to 
Adolph Frederick, then Crown Prince, afterwards 
King: 1744. 

See " Gustavus Adolphus" (72). 

*Tuscany. — Alice, daughter of Duke Charles 

III. of Parma, and lineal descendant of Anne of 
Orleans, to Grand Duke Ferdinand IV. : 1868. 

See ' ' Austria ' ' (at end) . 

Waldeck. — See "Helena " (75). 

Wurtemberg.— Augusta Caroline, daughter of j 
Duke Charles William of Brunswick, and niece of j 
George III., to Frederick, Prince, afterwards 
King Frederick I. (called also Frederick II.) : 1780. 

Charlotte Augusta, daughter of King George 
III. , as 2nd consort to the above Prince Frederick : 

Antoinetta, sister of the Duchess of Kent and 
aunt of Queen Victoria, to Duke Alexander 
Frederick, uncle of the King of Wurtemberg 
(see series 131-42) : 1798, 

*Zell.— George I., then hered. Prince, to Sophia 
Dorothea, daughter and heiress of Duke George 
William of Brunswick-Luneburg-Zell ; 1682. 

Note.— The above list, which had been omitted from our issues of 1904-3-6-7, is n w 
reintroduced, and, though occupying less space, it comprises every one of the original notices 
together with several of marriages which have since occurred. The reduction in space is solely 
due to a cutting-down of the formal wordiness and needless repetitions which had previously 
been so conspicuous. With this process, however, a note has disappeared which remarked on 
1 the frequent double ceremonies of marriage, the former often by proxy, which were observed 
when the parties were of different religions. 







The system of alphabetical arrangement is carried consistently out, to the entire 
ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a single alphabet. We accord- 
ingly adopt the following order in cases of more than one person having the same 
surname or title: — First a surname standing alone (family name) ; then the titles of 
honour, in the alphabetical order — Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop, Count, Duke, 
Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord, Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Viscount 
(the widows of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as "Baron," 
"Baron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady" and " Lady " being used almost 
exclusively as references ; then follow those having a Christian name in the heading 
(chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain, Hon., Lady, Lord, Reverend, 
&c, being printed in small letters and wholly ignored in the alphabetising. A Baronet 
or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname, Baronets are arranged in the alphabetical 
f order of their topographical distinctions, and their widows in each case follow them ; 
j Knights and their widows stand in the order of their Christian names. The list under 
I a simple surname is exhausted before the compounds of that name are commenced, and 
I an arrangement is adopted which brings all the names of the same compound together. 
I Compound names connected by a hyphen are placed under the second or last name, 
! unless some other is the only one in use; but titles (as "Castle CufFe," "Mount 
Edgeumbe," " Saye and Sele," and such forms as "Egerton of Tatton " and "Wil- 
loughby de Broke") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencing with 
St., Du, Le, Von, &c, and mostly De and Van (see note under "De"), stand under 
the respective prefixes. " M"' or " Mc " is treated as if spelt Mac, and " St." as Saint. 
See for illustration the Preliminary List under "Campbell." 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. This rule applies to the wives of 
Bishops, Privy Councillors, and Knight Companions. 

Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of former Peers are omitted. " Heir to 
Dukedom, " or other leading title, implies as a rule heir to all the titles borne ; when 
otherwise it is so stated. The expressions, " Title of heir when a son" and "Title of 
eldest son " of course refer only to sons of the existing Peer. In the Indexes to surnames 
the same person is often repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names — 
simply because the first is not always the one in conventional use. The addition 
scp. implies a separate entry under the surname. 

Under Baronets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in italics in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a surviving widow of an extinct line, or 
where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Bailey and Baillie). 

Under Knights, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed in higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate the date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir." Native Indian and Honorary Companions of Orders 
(also Hon. C.V.O.'s and generally now most Honorary Knights) are not inserted. 
Military Knights and Companions marked {e.g.) "D.S.O. (1900-1) " were so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen. 

One Club is given (if known) when there is no other address (at least to any person 
higher in rank than an M.V.O.), but not otherwise unless from some specially stated 

The " CautionB as to Spelling of Titles &c." will now be found at the close of the Introduction immediately 
before Royal Family. 

Directory of Peerage, Baronetage, 


ABADIE, Capt. Eustace Henry Eghemont, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 9th Lancers; S.Africa 1899-1900 : 
b. 1877. 

- ABADIE, Maj.-Gen. Henry Richard, C.B. 
(Mil. 1891), Abyss. 1867-8 and Afghn. 1878-80, 
late Lt.-Gov. of Jersey, ret. 1904, is Hon. Col. 
Cadet Corps of Chann. Islds. Mil. : b. 1841. Club, 
U. Serv. 

ABBAS KUXI KHAN, C.M.G. (1903), Inter- 
preter and Assist. Oriental Sec. to Brit. Legat. 
Teheran, attended the late Shah on his visit to 
England 1902: b. 1864. Address, Brit. Legat., 

ABBOT, family name of Colchester Barony. 
No issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenterden Barony. 
No issue retaining the name. 

ABBOTT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Edith, 
dau. of Jas. Solomon, Esq.), mar. 1883, as 2nd wife, 
Hon. Sir Jos. Palmer Abbott, K.C.M.G., formerly 
Speaker of Legisl. Assemb.N.S.W. (d. 1901). Bes., 
Tarella, St. Leonard's, Sydney. 

ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Frederick William, D.S.O. 
(1902), N.Z. Bough Eiders; S. Africa 1900-2: 
b. 1865. Res., Abbot's Ed., Mt. Eden, Auckland. 

ABBOTT, Col. Henry Alexius,C.B.(Mi1. 1898), 
I.A. Supermini. List; Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 
2nd Miranzai, Tirah 1897-8, late comdg. Feroze- 
pore Brigade : b. 1849. 

ABBOTT, Col. Herbert Edward Stacy, 
D.S.O. (1896), R.E., Afghn. 1879-81, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, andChitral Relief ; late Supt. Engr. in 
Punjab Works Dept., and comdg. R.E. at Ply- 
mouth : b. 1855. 

ABDUL KARIM, C.V.O. (1899), CLE. (1895), 
late Ind. Sec. to Queen Victoria, prev. an Ind. 
Govt, clerk : b. 1863. Res., in India. 

ABDY, Baronet. Sir William Neville 
Abdy, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1850), High Sheriff of Essex 
1884, has been a student interpreter in China : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1877, mar. 1902, 2nd 
wife, Eliza Sarah (whom he divorced 1905), dau. 
of Oscar W. Beech, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
Capt. Anthony Charles Sykes A. (b. 1848, mar. 
follg. 1886 ; 2nd heir, next surv. bro., Henry 
Beadon, b. 1853). Seat, Albyns, Romford, Essex; 
town res., 15 Hanover Sq., W. (The divorced 
wife, 12 Chester Terr., Eaton Sq., W.) 

ABDY, Hon. Mrs. Anthony, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Macdonald, and wife of above heir to Btcy. 

A BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady a B. 
(Susannah Emily, dau. of the lateBenj. Eccleston, 
Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Albert a Beckett, Kt. Bach, 
(just created), of the War Office (d. 1904). Bes., 
6 Brompton Sq., S.W. 

ABERCORN, Duke op. James Hamilton, 2nd 
Duke (Irel.), sits as 3rd Marq. of A. (Gt. Br.) 
and is 11th Earl of A. (Scot.), holding thus a title 
in each of the three kingdoms, and being also 
Due de Chatelherault {France) ; K.G. (1892), P.C. 
(Irel. 1887), C.B. (Civ. 1885), M.A., Head of the 
House of Hamilton, Groom of the Stole to 
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales (formerly Lord of the 
Bedchamber to H.M. when holding that title) ; 
Lieut, of Co. Donegal and a C.C. for Tyrone, a 
memb. of Roy. Co. of Archers, and Hon. Col. 
North of Ireld. Imper. Yeom. ; an M.P. 1860-80 
(as Vise, and aftds. Marq. of Hamilton) : son of 

1st D. ; b. Aug. 24, 1838; sue. 1885 (0.); mar. 
1869 Lady Mary Anna Curzon, dau. of 1st Earl 
Howe. Seat, Baronscourt, Newtownstewart, Co. 
Tyrone ; town res., 35 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. of Paisley, 1587 ; Ld. of Aber- 
corn, 1603 ; E. of Abercorn, and Ld. of Hamilton, 
Mountcastle, and Kilpatrick, 1606 ; a Bt. abt. 1634. Irel. : 
Ld. Hamilton, Bn. of Strabane, 1617; Vise. Strabane 
and Bn. Mountcastle, 1701 ; D. of Abercorn and M. of 
Hamilton, i863. Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of 
Abercorn, 1790. France : Due de Chatelherault, 1549 (see 
that art.).— Among the ancestors of this line were the 
Scottish Lords of Cadzow and Earls of Arran (the 
former title feudal and extinct, the latter now passed 
to the Duke of Hamilton— see that title, with the 
genealogical table of the two lines). The 2nd son of 
the 2nd Earl was created Marquess of Hamilton, and is 
the founder of that elder branch of the family from 
which, though afterwards only on the maternal side, 
the Dukes of Hamilton derive their origin. The 4th 
son of the same Earl was given the Paisley Lordship, 
and his successor was made Lord and afterwards Earl of 
Abercorn, with the accompanying titles of 1606. The 
two Peerages thus parted off : the 3rd Marq.. of Hamilton 
was made Duke of the same, and the marriage of his 
daughter and successor with the Earl of Selkirk, son of 
the xst Marq. of Douglas, constituted the Hamilton line 
of Dukes the representatives on the female side of the 
older branch of the house of Hamilton, whilst the male 
heirship passed to the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, through 
whose relatives the younger branch is continued in the 
present Dukes of the latter title— their line having all 
along followed male descent and thus made them the 
heads of the house of Hamilton, as the Hamilton Dukes 
are of that of Douglas. A brother of the and Earl of 
Abercorn was made Lord Hamilton of Strabane, being 
thus the first in the house to hold an Irish title in this 
distinctly Scottish family; the 6th Earl, who resided 
mostly in Ireland, was promoted to be Vise. Strabane in 
the same Peerage. The 1st Duke of Abercorn was Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland *• he was the 10th Scottish Earl, 
the 8th having received the British title of Vise. Hamil- 
ton, and the 9th that of Marq. of Abercorn. The French 
Dukedom was conferred upon the 2nd Earl of Arran, as 
stated under " Chatelherault." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2?id) D.: 

Marq. of Hamilton, heir to Dukedom : James Albert 
Edward 11., M.P. for Londonderry City (C), late 
Treas. of the Househd., is Maj. North of Ireld. 
Imper. Yeom., late Capt. 1st Life Gds. : b. 1869, 
mar. 1894 Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, 
dau. of 4th E. of Lucan. Issue : 
Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia H., b. 1896. 
Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix H., b. 1897. 
Lady Katharine H., b. 1900. 
Lord Paisley, 2nd heir: James Edward H., 
b. 1904. 

Lord Claud David H., b. 1907. 
The deceased Lord Claud Penn H., b & d. 1871. 
The deceased Lord Charlie H., b. & d. 1874. 
Lady Alexandra Phyllis H., b. 1876. 
The deceased Lord Claud Francis H., b. & d. 1878. 
Lady Gladys Mary H., now Ctss. 0/ Wicklow, b. 1880, 

mar. 1902 7th Earl of W., q.v. 
Lord Arthur John H., Lieut. Irish Gds., b. 1883. 
A deceased son, b. & d. 1886. 
Lord Claud Nigel H., b. 1889. 
Surviving issue of 1st D. (bros. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

Lady Harriet Georgina Louisa now Dow. Ctss. of 
Lichfield (q.v.), b. 1834, mar. 1855 2nd Earl of L. 
(d. 1892). 

Lady Louisa Jane, now Dchss. of Buccleuch, V.A., b. 

1836, mar. 1859 6th Duke of B., q.v. 
(Present Duke, b. 1838.) 

Lady Georgiana Susan, now Ctss. Winterton (widow, 
q.v.), b. 1841, mar. 1882 5th Earl W. (d. 1907). 

Lord Claud John H., Hon. Col. 5th Batt. Roy. 
Innisk. Fus. (Mil.), Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
and High Steward of Yarmouth, Chmn. of the 
G. E. Rail., formerly Capt. Gren. Gds., an A.D.C. 
to Queen Victoria and the Lord Lieut, of Ireld., 
a Jun. Lord of Treas. 1868, an M.P. 1865-88: b. 
1843, mar. 1878 Carolina, dau. of the late Edwd. S. 
Chandos-Pole, Esq. (Lady Claud John H.). Res., 
4 Hans Mansions, Chelsea, S.W. 

104 ABE 

Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis H., M.P., b. 184s, see 
"Hamilton, Priv. CouncV' 

Lady Albertha Prances Anne H., formerly Mchss. of 
Blandford, and often still so called incorrectly : 
b. 1847, mar. i860, as 1st wife, the Marq. of B., but 
obtd. divorce shortly before his succession as 8th 
D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute a few- 
weeks after succession) : is mother of the present 
Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Lady Maud Evelyn, now Mchss. of Lansdowne, V.A., 
C.I. : b. 1350, mar. 1869 5th Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer H., an M.P. 1885-6 and 1892-5 
(C), has been Sec. to Brit. Embassies or Legations 
at Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos 
Aires, late Editor of the Pall Mall Magazine: 
b. 1856. Res., Baronscourt, Newtownstewart, Co. 
Tyrone ; 13 Gt. College St., Westmr., S.W. 

Lord Ernest William //^formerly Capt. nth Hussars, 
an M.P. 1885-93 (0.): b. 1858, mar. 1891 Pamela 
Louisa Augusta Ambrose, dau. of Cant. Fredc. A. 
Campbell, son of the 1st Bt. of Thames Ditton 
(Lady Ernest H. ). Res., Shantock Hall, Bovingdon, 
Hemel Hempstead. Herts. 

ABERCROMBY, family name of following 

ABERCROMBY, Baron. George Ralph 
Campbell Abercromby, 4th Bn. (U.K.), late 
a D.L. for Stirlingsn. : son of 3rd Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 23, 1838 ; sue. 1852 (/,.) ; mar. 1858 Lady 
Julia Janet Oeorgiana Duncan, V.A., dau. of 2nd 
E. of Camperdown. Seats, Fem Tower, Crieff, 
Perthsh. ; Tullibody Castle, Clackmannan ; town 
res., 14 Grosvenor St., "VV. (The Lady Aber- 
cromby, 39 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W., with 
her bro. the Earl of Camperdown.) 

Creation. Bn. Abercromby, U.K. 1801.— Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in 1801. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of 
present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Ctss. of Qlasgoiv, q.v., 

b. 1835, mar. 1856 6th ^arl of G. (d. 1890). 
(Present Baron, b. 1838.) 

Hon. John A., heir pres. to Barony, formerly Capt. 
Highl. Bord. Mil. and Lieut. Rifle Brigade : b. 1841, 
mar. 1876 Adele W. M. von Heidenstara, but 
obtained divorce 1879. Res., 32 Palmerston PL, 
Edinburgh. (No 2nd heir.) 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet. Sir George 
William A bercromby, 8th Bt. (Scot. 1636), Chief of 
the Abercromby Clan, 2nd Lieut. Scots Gds. : son 
of 7th Bt., b. 1886, sue. 1895. Heir pres., his bro. 
Robert Alexander (b. 1895 ; 2nd heir, their 
uncle Captain George Cosmo A., b. 1854). Seats, 
Birkenbog, Banffsh., nr. Turriff; Forglen House, 
ditto (let) ; Castle Douglas, Kirkcudbts. ; Eermoy, 
Co. Cork; town res., 48 Jermyn St., S.W. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Ctss. of Northbrook. 

ABERDARE, Baron. Henry Campbell Bruce, 
2nd Bn. (U.K.), V.D., a D.L. for Glamorgan, 
late Lt.-Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. Welsh Regt. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. June 19, 1851 ; sue. 1895 (£■) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of Hamilton Beckett, 
Esq. Seats, Duffryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorg. ; 
Longwood, Winchester; town res., 83 Eaton Sq., 
S.W. *' 

Creation. Bn. Aberdare, U.K. 1873.— The 1st Bn. had 
been Home Sec. in Mr. Gladstone's first Ministry. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Lyndiiurst 77., heir to Barony, 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Boy. Scots (Mil.): b. 1881, mar. 
1906 Camille Clifford. Re3., 17 Buckingham Gt. 
Mansns., S.W. 


Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Visctss. Neivf.ort, b. 1882, 
mar. 1904 Vise. N., eld. son and heir of 4th E. of 
Bradford, q.v. 

Hon. Clarence Napier B<, 2nd heir, b. 1885. 

The deceased Violet B.. b. & d. 1887. 

Hon. John Hamilton B., b. 1889. 

Hon. Eva Isabel Marian B., b. 1892. 

Hon. Constance Pamela Alice B., b. 1895. 

Hon. Victor Austin B., b. 1897. 

The deceased Hon. Robert B., b. & d. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists., half-bros., and 
half-sists. of present Bn.) : 


Hon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vernon- Ear court, b. 1848, mar. 1872 Aug. Geo. 
V.-H., Esq. Res., St. Clare, Ryde, I.W. 

Hon. Jessie Frances, now Hon. Mrs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 1849, mar. 1878 Rev. Jno. Wm. W.-J. 
Res., Llanbeblig Vic, Carnarvon. 

(Present Baron, b. 1851.) 


Hon. Caroline Louisa B., b. 1855. Res., Pen Pole 

House, Shirehampton, Bristol. 
Hon. Sarah Napier, now Hon. Mrs. Montague Muir- 

Mackemie, b. 1856, mar. 1888 Mont. Johnstone 

M.-M., Esq., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt M.-M., 2nd 

Bt. Res. , 21 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W., and with preceding. 
Hon. William Napier B., C.B. (Civ. 1905), barrister- 

at-law, Princ. Assist. Sec. Educ. Bd.,: b. 1858, mar. 

1882 Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Sir Wm. M. S. 

M'Murdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. William B.). Res., 

34 Leinster Gdns., Bayswater, W. 
Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion Russell, 

b. i860, mar. 1887 Champ. Branfill R., Esq. Res., 

Stubbers, North Ockendon, Bomford, Essex. 
Hon. Elizabeth Fox, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Matheson, 

b. 1861, mar. 1896 Percy Ewing M., Esq. Res., 

1 Savile Rd., Oxford. 
Hon. Pamela Georgina B., b. 1862. Res., 222 Banbury 

Rd., Oxford. 

Hon. Charles Granville B., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 

Maj. I. A., served with Tirah Expedn. 1897-8: b. 

1866, mar. 1894 Finetta Madelina Julia, dau. of Col. 

Sir Edwd. F. Campbell, 2nd Bt. of Thames 

"Ditton (Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore B., Vice-Princ. of Somerville 

Coll. Oxford, b. 1867. 

ABERDEEN, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Rowland 
Ellis, D.D., Bp. of Aberd. and Orkney, late 
Canon of St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, 
formerly Vic. of Gwersyllt and Vic. and Rur. 
Dean of Mold: b. 1841, cons. 1906. Bes., Bishop's 
Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN", Earl of. John Campbell 
Gordon, 7th Earl (Scot.) and a Bt., sits as 
Vise. Gordon (U.K.) ; K.T. (1906), G.M.P. (1905), 
P.C. (6t. Br. i886,7.i905),G.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., 
L.L.D., D.C.L. ; Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (2nd time), 
also of Aberdeensh., a D.L. for Co. of City of 
Aberdeen, Hon. Col. 1st Aberd. Vols, and Lieut. 
Roy. Co. of Archers ; late Gov.-Gen. of Canada 
and was five years Lord High Commissr. to Ch. 
of Scotld. : son of 5th E., bro. of 6th, and grand- 
son of the Premier of 1852-5 : b. Aug. 3, 1847 ; 
sue. 1870 (L.) ; has dropped name of Hamilton ; 
mar. 1877 Hon. Ishbel Maria Marjoribanks, dau. 
of 1st Bn. Tweedmouth. Seats, Haddo House, 
Aberdeen; House of Cromar, Tarland, Aboyne 
S.O., Aberdeensh. ; Coldstream Ranch, Brit. 
Columbia; offic. res.. The Castle, Dublin; town 
house, 58 Grosvenor St., W. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1642 ; E. of Aberdeen, Vise. 
Formartine, and Bn. Haddo, Methlic, Tarves, and 
Kellie, 1682. U.K.: Vise. Gordon, 1814,— Associated in 
origin witli the house of Huntly. The 1st Earl was Lord 
Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th Earl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (7th) E. (name Gordon) : 

Lord Haddo, heir to Earldom : George Q„ a D.L. 
for Aberdeensh., b. 1879, mar. 1906 the widow of 

Directory of Peerage, 


Baronetage, Knightage, <$ci 



E. S. Cockayne, Esq. (n&e Clixby). Res,, House 

of Schivas, Ellon, Aberdeensh. 5 30 Bedford Ct. 

Mansns.. Fedford House, W.C. 
Lady Marjorie Adeline, now Lady M. Siwlair, b. 1880, 

mar.. 1904 Uapt. Rt. Hon. John S., M.P., grandson 

of Sir Jno. Sinclair, 6th Bt. of Dunbeath. Res., 

2 Cambridge Sq., W. 
The deceased Lady Dorothea Mary G., b. & d. 1882. 
Hon. Dudley Gladstone G., 2nd heir, late Capt. 2nd 

Vol. Batt. Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1883, mar. 1907 

Cecile Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. Drummond, Esq., of 

Penshurst (Hon. Mrs. Dudley G.). 
Hon. Archibald Ian G., b. 1884. 
Surviving issue of yh E. (sists. of present and 6th) : 
(The late 6th Earl, b. 1841, lost at sea 1870, unmrrd.) 
Lady Mary, now The Lady Polwartk, b. 1844, mar. 

1863 8th Bn. P., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady H. Lindsay, b. 1849, mar - 
1870 Wm. Alex. L., Esq., K.C., Windsor Herald. 
Res., Deer Pk., Honiton, Devon ; 17 Cromwell Rd., 

Lady Katherine Eliza, now The Lady Balfour of 
• Burleigh, b. 1852, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.v. 

Issue of 4th E. (uncle of present ; name Hamilton- 
Gordon, so the preceding list bef. mrrge.) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1816, d. 1864.) 
Bn. Stanmore, q.v., b. 1829, formerly Hon. Sir Arthur 
H.-G., G.C.M.G., whose family is thus a branch of 
that of Aberdeen. 
— D aus. -in-law : 

Hon. Lady H.-G., see "Gordon, H.-, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Ellen Susan Anne H.-G., nde Douglas, dau. of 
19th E. of Morton, b. 1824, mar. 1831 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Douglas H.-G., Ci?hon of Salisbury (d. 
1901). Res., The Close, Salisbury. 

ABERDOTTR, Lord {by courtesy— title, Scot. 
1458), eld. son and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABERGAVENNY (pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
quess of. William Nevill, 1st Marq. (U.K.), 
K.G-. (1885), late Lord Lieut, of Sussex, isHon. Col. 
W. Kent and Suss. Imper. Yeomanries, formerly 
Lieut, in 2nd Life Gds. : son of 4th Earl of A. ; 
b. Sept. 16, 1826; sue. as 5th Earl 1868, cr. Marq. 
1876 (C7.) ; mar. 1848 the late Caroline (d. 1892), 
dau. of Sir John Vanden-B.- Johnstone, 2nd Bt., 
and sist. of 1st Bn. Derwent. Seats, Eridge 
Castle, Sussex, nr. Tunb. Wells; Nevill Ct., 
Abergavenny, Monm. ; town res., 6 Wilton St., 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke first uses the form Abergavenny 
under the 9th Bn., sue. 1622). Gt. Br. : E. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K. : M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The 1st Bn. Bergavenny 
was son of the 1st Earl of Westmorland and uncle of 
the famous " King-Maker," Earl of Warwick. The 17th 
Bn. was created Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {1st) 31.: 

The deceased Hon. Caroline Louisa If., b. 1849, d. 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady Cicely Gathorne- 
Hardy, b. 1851, mar. 1872 Col. Hon. Chas. Gathorne 
G.-H., son of ist E. of Cranbrook, q.v. . 
Earl of Lewes, heir to Marquessate : Reginald 
William Bransby N., formerly Lieut. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, b. 1853. . 
Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph N., 2nd heir, Hon. 
Lt.-Col., late Maj., Suss. Imper. Yeomanry: b. 
1854 mar. 1886, 2nd wife, Maud Augusta, sist. of 
2nd Bn. Grimthorpe (Lady Henry N.). Res., 
with Earl at Eridge Castle. 
Lord George Montacute iV., a D.L. for Sussex, 
formerly Lieut. Roy? W. Kent. Mil. : b. 1856, mar. 
1882 Florence Mary, dau. of Temple Soanes, Esq. 
(Lady George N.). Res., 14 Palmeira Sq., Hove, 

Th^ZctteLady Alice Maud, aftds. Morland, b. 1858, d. 

1898, having mar. 1884 Maj. Henry Courtenay M. 
Lord William Beauchamp If., formerly A. D.C. to 
Viceroy of Ireland and Lieut. Roy. A\ . Kent Mil. : 

b. i860, mar. 1889 Luisa Maria Carmen de Murrieta, 

dau. of Marq. de Santurce (Lady Wm. JV. ; res., 

72 Eaton PL, S.W. ). 
Lord Richard Plantagenet If., B.A., a D.L. for 

Sussex, was A.D.C. to Govs, of Victoria and S. 

Australia and of the Commonwealth, also Priv. 

Sec. to Vise. Cranbrook : b. 1862. Club, Carlton. 
Lady Idina Mary, now Lady t. Brassey, b. 1865, 

mar. 1889 Hon. Thos. Allnutt B., son and heir of 

ist Bn. Brassey, q.v. 
Lady Rose, now Ctss. of Cottenham, b. 1866, mar., 

ist, 1887, Jno. B. Leigh, Esq., who obtd. divorce 

1899 : zndly, 1899, 4th Earl of C, q.v. 
Lady Violet, b. 1866 (twin with Lady Rose), mar., 

ist, 1889, 3rd Earl Cowley, but obtd. divorce 1897 ; 

2ndly, 1898, Robt. Edwd. Myddelton, Esq. Res., 

Church Leys, Rearsby, Leicester. See remarks on 

" Divorcees," p. 27. 

Surviving issue of 4th E. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent M.) : 
(Present Marquess and 5th Earl, b. 1826.) 
Lady Henrietta Augusta, now Lady Augusta Lloyd- 

Mostyn, b. 1830, mar. 1855 the late Hon. Thos. E. 

Mostyn Ll.-M. (d. 1861), son of 2nd Bn. Mostyn, q.v. 
Lady Isabel Mary Frances, now Lady I. Bligh, b. 

1831, mar. 1854 Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Vesey B., son 

of 5th E. of Darnley, q.v. 
Hon. Ralph Pelham If., formerly Capt. W. Kent 

Yeomanry, is a D. L. for the Co., High Sheriff 

1896: b. 1832, mar. i860 Louisa Marianne, dau. of 

Sir Chas. F. Maclean, 9th Bt. ( Hon. Mrs. Ralph A 7 .). 

Res., Birling Manor, West Mailing S.O., Kent; 

9 Basil St., Sloane St., S.W. 

Widow of a cousin of present 31. : 

Lady Dorothy Fanny If., nde Lady D. F. Walpole, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Orford, b. 1826, mar. 1847 tbe late 
Regd. Hy. If., Esq., nephew of 2nd E. and ist 
cous. once rem. of present M. (he died 1878). 

{Scot. 1633)— see "Hamilton, D. of." 

(Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABERRUTHVEN &c, Baron {Scot. 1707)— see 
"Montrose, D. of." 

ABINGDON, Earl of. Montagu Arthur 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7th Earl {Eng.), a D.L. 
for Berks, and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Berks. 
Regt. (Mil.), is heir pres. to the Lindsey Earl- 
dom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 13, 1836; sue. 
1884 (C) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late Caroline 
Theresa, dau. of Chas. Towneley, Esq. (she died 
1873) ; 2ndlv, 1883, Gwendeline Mary, dau. of 
the late Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas.C. Dormer, K.C.B., 
and sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, Wytham 
Abbey, Oxford. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Norreys, 1572 by writ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The ist Bn. Norreys or Norris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
2nd Bn. was created Earl of Berkshire, but that title 
expired at his death, whilst the Norreys Bny. descended 
through his daughter to his great-grandson, afterwards 
created Earl of Abingdon. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {7th) E.: 


Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund Talbot, b. 
1859, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard T., M.P., son 
of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 
Lord Norreys, heir to Earldom : Montague Charles 
Francis Towneley- Bertie, a. D.L. for Berks., formerly 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Berks. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1860, mar. 1885 Hon. Rose Rivers- 
dale Glyn, sist. of 4th Bn. Wolverton, and granted 
the rank of a Bn.'s dau. : has assumed (without 
licence) the addit. name of Towneley. Res., 2 Nor- 
folk Cresc, Edgware Rd., W. Issue : 
Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., b. 1886. 
Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 
heir to Earldom, Lieut. Roy. Anglesey R.E. 
(Mil.) : b. 1887. 
The deceased Hon. Arthur John B., b. 1861, d. 1862. 
Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Reyntiens, b. 
1865, mar., ist, 1890, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal, 

io6 ABI 


of Peerage, 


K.C.M.G. (d, 1894); 2ndly, 1897* Comdt. Reyntiens, 
A.D.C. to the King of the Belgians. Res., Brussels. 
The late Lady Cecil Josephine, aftda. Kenna, b. 1873, 
d. 1805. having in that year mar. Col. Paul K., 
D.S.O., UOT, A.D.C. 


Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary B., b. 1883. 

Hon. Arthur Michael B., b. 1886. 

Lady Betty Constance Mary B., b. 1895. 

Hon. James Willoughby B., b. 1901. 
Issue of 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1838. 

Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. Bickersteth, b. 
1843, mar. 1883 Robt. B., Esq., son of 2nd Bp. of 
Ripon. Res., 70 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 

Rt. Hon. and Hon. Sir Francis Levesoni?., G.C.M.G.. 
b. 1844, see "Bertie, P.C." 

Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A., b. 1846, 
mar. 1881 Lady Caroline Elizabeth McDonnell, dau. 
of 10th E. of Antrim. Res., Gedling Rect., Not- 

Lady Frances Evelyn B., a nun, b. 1848. Res., Con- 
vent of the Visitation, Harrow-on -the-H ill. 
Hon. George Aubrey Vere B., formerly Lt.-Col. 
istBatt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in Zulu War 1879 : 
b. 1850, mar. 1885 Harriet Blanche Elizabeth (Hon. 
Mrs. Geo. B.), dau. of Sir Walter R. Farquhar, 3rd 
Bt. Res., Maresfield, E. Cowes S.O., I.W. 
Hon. Charles Claude B., formerly Lieut. 47th Foot, 

b. 1851, widower. 
Hon. Reginald Henry B., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Col. retd., 
latecomdg. 2nd Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus., served in 
Crete 1897-8, China 1900 : b. 1856, mar. 1892 Lady 
Amy Evelyn Courtenay, dau. of the late Ld. 
Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Devon. Res., 
The Grondra, Chepstow. 
— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Feodorowna Cecilia B., ne'e Wellesley, dau. of 
1st Earl Cowley and wife of Rt. Hon. Sir Fras. B. 
Lady Caroline Eliz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 
Lady Amy Evelyn B., see Hon. Reginald. 
ABINGER. Baron. Shelley Leopold Lau- 
rence Scarlett, 5th Bn. (U.K.), Capt. and Hon. 
Maj. 3rd Batt. Beds, Regt. (Mil.), late Hon. 
Attache at Stockholm : son of Lt.-Col. J. Y. 0. 
Scarlett and a 2nd cousin of 4th Bn. ; b. April 1, 
1872 ; sue. 1903 (C.) ; mar. 1899 Uila Lucy Cathe- 
rine Mary, dau. of the- late Rt. Hon. Sir Wm. 
A. White, Gr.C.B., G.C.M.G., and widow of 
M. Carl E. de Geijer. Res., Boscombe Manor, 
Bournemouth ; Arun House, Horsham. 

Creation. Bn. Abinger, U.K. 1835.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving hros. andsist. of present ($th) Bn. (granted 
rank of Bn.'s children 1904) : 
(Present Baron, b, 1872. 1 

Hon. Robert Brooke Campbell S., heir pres. to 

Bny., b. 1876. Res., Boscombe PL, Bommemouth. 
Hon. Hugh Richard S., 2nd heir, Lieut. R.F.A. : 

b. 1878, Club, Jun. U. 8ery. 
Hon. Ruth Hester Fiances S., b. 1882. 
Hon. Percy Gerald S., Lieut. 2nd Batt. E. Kent 

Regt. (Mil.), b. i38s, 
Hon. Leopold Florence S., a Nav. Cadet, b. 1889 


Issue of 3rd Bn. (2nd cousins of present) : 

Hon. Ella Campbell, M.D., now Hon. Mrs. Percy 
Synge, h. 1864, mar. 1901 Lieut. Percy Hamilton S. 

Hon. Helen Charlotte, now lion. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1885 the late Nich. Jno. C, 
Esq. (d. 1892). 

Hon. Evelina Haver field, b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd 
husb., Maj. Jno. Hy. Balguy. R. A., but re-assumed 
the name of her former husband. Res., Marsh Ct., 
Sherborne, Dorset. 

(The late 4th Bahon b. 1871, d. 1903 unmarrd.) 

Dau. of2ndBn. (1st cous. once rem. of present) : 
(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1892.) 
Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Smith, 

b. 1828, mar. 1857 the late Rev. Sidney Liddef dale S. 
(d. 1903), Canon Resid. of Hereford. Res.) South 
Bank, Hereford. 

ABINGER, Baron's Widow. Helen, Ladt A. 
(Helen, dau. of the late Commodore Geo. A. Mag» 
ruder, of the U.S. Navy), mar. 1863 3rd Bn. (d. 
1892). Res., Bedford House, Ockley, Dorking; 
Inverlochy Castle, Kingussie, Inverness-sh. ; 46 
Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William de 
Wiveleslie Abney, K.C.B. (Civ. 1900), R.E. 
retd., D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S., Scient. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educn., late Dir. for Sci. and Princ. Acet.- 
Sec, Past Pres. of Roy. Astronom., Phys., and 
Roy. Photog. Socs. : b. 1843, mar. 1889, 2nd wife, 
Mary Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. Mead, 
D.D., of U.S.A. Res., Measham Hall, Leic., nr. 
Atherstone ; Rathmore Lodge, Sth. Bolton Gdns.. 
S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl op (Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M. of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABYSSINIA (or Ethiopia), the Emperor 
of. H.I.M. Menelik II., G.C.B. (Hon. Mil. 
1902), G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1897) : b. 1843. 

ACHESON (pron. Aitcheson), family name of 
Gosford Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 

ACHESON, Viscount (by courtesy) , elder son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Acheson 
(U.K. 1847) is a title of the Earldom, but "Vise. 
Acheson " is substituted for "Vise. Gosford." 

ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tuam." 

ACKROYD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary, 
dau. of the late Wm. Hy. Lucas, Esq.), mar. 1880 
Sir Edward Jas. Aekroyd, Kt. Bach., Judge of 
Supr. Ct., Hong Kong (d. 1904). 

ACLAND, Baronet of Columb John (loe. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th 
Bt. (Eng. 1645 N.s.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a 
D.L. for Devon and Somerset, and Dep. Warden 
of the Stannaries, High Sheriff of Devon 1903-4, 
formerly Maj . and Hon. Lt.-Col. 1st Devon Yeom., 
Secretary to Bd. of Trade in 1886, an M.P. 1882-92 
(L.), and for a time 2nd Church Estates Commissr. : 
son of 11th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 1898, mar. 1879 
Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. Walrond, 1st Bt. 
Heir pres., hisbro., the under-mentioned Rt. Hon. 
Arthur Herbert Dyke A. (2nd heir, latter's son 
Francis Dyke, M.P., L., b. 1874). Seats, Killerton, 
Exeter ; Holnicote, Taunton. 

ACLAND, Bap.onet of Oxford. Vice-Adm. Sir 
William Alison DYKE.4c?a?2<i,2ndBt.(?7.2sf.i890), 
C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., Assoc. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, was attached to Chilian Army in war with 
Peru 1880-1, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8, 
late a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 2nd in comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd. : 
son of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin of above Bt. of 
Columb John ; b. 1847, sue. 1900, mar. 1887 tne 
under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
son William Henry Dyke (b. 1888 : 2nd heir, 
next son, Hubert Guy Dyke, R.N.', b. 1890). 
Club, U. Serv. 

ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 
and dau. of the late Rt. Hon. W. H. Smith and 
Vctss. Hambleden. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Arthur 
Herbert Dyke Acland, P.C. (Gt.Br. 1892), M.A., 
an M.P. 1885-98 (L.), and has been Vice-Pres. 
Cmttee. of Counc. on Education, Princ. of Oxford 
Mil. Coll. (Cowley), and Senior Bursar of Balliol 
Coll. : 2nd son of late Rt. Hon. Sir Thos. D. 
Acland, 11th Bt. of Columb John, and bro. and 
heir pres. of present Bt. ; b. 1847, mar. 1873. Res., 


Baronetage, Knightage^ &c. 

ADD 107 

2 Weaponness Pk., Scarborough: 29 St. James's 
Ct. 45, Buckm. Gt., S.W. 

AClAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau. of Vctss. 
Hambleden and sist. of above Hon. Ladv A. 

A'COUBT (HOLMES-), family name of 
Heytesbury Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

A'COUBT-REPINGTON— see " Repington." 

ACTON, Baron. Bichard Maximilian 
Dalberg - Acton, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
M.Y.O. (4th Class, 1901), a Lord-in-Waiting to 
H.M., late a 2nd See. in Diplom. Serv. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 7, 1870 ; sue. 1902 (L.) ; mar. 1904 
Dorothy, dau. of Thos. H. Lyon, Esq. No present 
heir to 1 Barony ; heir pres. to Baronetcy, a 3rd 
cousin, Edward Acton, Esq. (b. 1857; 2nd heir, 
latter's 1st cousin Alfred, b. 1867). Seat, Alden- 
ham Pk., Bridgnorth, Salop. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1644. Bn. Acton, U.K. 1869.— 
The 1st Peer, an M.P. and K.C.V.O., was Regius Pro- 
fessor of Modern History at Cambridge, and a Lord-in- 
Waiting to Queen Victoria. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Dalberg- Acton.) 
Issue of present [2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Marie Immaculee Antoinette D.-A., b. 1905. 
Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth Anne Pelline D.-A., b. 1906. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Elizabeth Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 

Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 

Bleiddian II., grandson of the late Baron Llanover. 
Hon. Annie Mary Catherine Georgiana D.-A., b. 


(Present Baron, b. 1870.) 

Hon. Jeanne Marie D.-A., b. 1876. 

ACTON, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
(Ctss. Marie Arco-Valley, of Munich), mar. 1865 
1st Bn. (see under Creations; d. 1902). lies., 
Tegernsee, Bavaria. 

ACTON (DALBERG-), family name of above. 

ACUTT, Ernest Leslie, C.M.G. (1902), Mayor 
of Durban, Natal, in year of promotion : b. 1855. 
Res., Berea, Durban. 

AC WORTH, Harry Arbutiinot, CLE. (1895), 
Bomb. C. S. retd. ; barrister-at-law and Maj. 
Bomb. Bif. Vols., Munic. Commissr. of Bombay 
1890-6, founded Matonga Leper Asylum, has 
written Ballads and other works : b. 1849. Bes., 
The Benhams, Malvern. 

ADAIR, Baronet. Sir Frederick Edward 
Shafto Adair, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1838), formerly 
Capt. Bifle Brigade : son of 3rd Bt., b. i860, sue. 
1902. Heir pres., his bro. Robert Shafto (b. 
1862 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Allan Henry Shafto, 
b. 1897). Seats, Flixton Hall, Bungay, Suffolk ; 
Adair Lodge, Aldeburgh S.O., same Co.; The 
Castle, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. 

*#* The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Adair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron Waveney in 1873, a title which became extinct 
upon his death in 1886. 

ADAIR, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. (Harriet 
Camilla, dau. of the late Alex. Adair, Esq.), mar. 
1856 her relative Sir Hugh E. Adair, 3rd Bt. (d. 
1902). Bes., Heatherton, Pembury, Tunb. Wells. 

ADAM, Baronet. Sir Charles Elphinstone 
Adam, 1st Bt. ( U.K. 1882) ,M. A., barrister-at-law, 
Vice-Lieut., Convener, and CO of Kinross-sh. , and 
a D.L. for that Co. and Fife, late Priv. Sec. to 
Lord Tweedmouth in three offices: son of Rt. 
Hon. Wm. P. Adam, b. 1859. Heir, none. Bes., 
Blair Adam House, and Barns, both Blairadam 
S.O., Kinross-sh. ; chamb., 5 New Sq., Line. Inn, 

ADAM, Knight. Sir Frank Forbes Adam^ 
Kt. Bach. (1890), CLE. (1888), a D.L. for Lanes., 

a merchant and a Gov. of Imper. Inst., formerly 
an M.L.C. and Pres. Chamb. Commerce of Bom- 
bay, also of that of Manchester, is Chmn. of 
Counc. Manch. Univ. : b. 1846, mar. 1883 Rose 
Frances, dau. of C. G. Kemball, Esq., late Judge 
of Bomb. High Ct. Bes., Mere Old Hall, Knuts- 
ford, Cheshire. 

ADAM, Lord {of Session — retired). James 
Adam, late Judge of the Cotirts of Session and 
Justiciary 1876, with official title "(Hon.) Lord 
Adam," ret. 1905, was Sheriff of Perthsh. 1874-6, 
three times Advoc.-Depute : b. 1824, mar. 1861 
a dau. of Jno. Beatson Bell, Esq., W.S. {Lady 
Adam) . Bes. , 34 Moray PI. , Edinburgh. 

ADAM, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th Bn. 

ADAMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 

ADAMS, Maj. -Gen. Robert Bellew, OB. (Mil. 
1898), y& (1897), I.A., Afghn. 1879-80, Chitral 
Belief, and N.W. Front. 1897-8, late an A.D.C. to 
H.M., nowcomdg. Deraj at Brigade : b. 1856. Bes., 
Dera Ismail Khan, N.W. Provs., India. 

ADAMS, William Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 1st 
Clerk in Teachers' Pension Office, Dublin : b. 1844. 
Bes., 143 Tritonville Bd., Sandymount, Dublin. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-) , Knight. Maj . Sir Hamil- 
ton John Goold- Adams, G.GM.G. (1907; K.CM.G. 
1902) , OB. (Civ. 1898) , lateof Roy. Scots (ret. 1901) ; 
served in Matabeleld. and Bechuanald. 1884-5 
and 1893-4, and Boer War 1900 ; now Lt.-Gov. 
of Orange Biv. Col., recently Res. Commissr. for 
Bechuanald. Protect.: b. 1858. Bes., Bloemfontein. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Lt.-Col. Henry Edward 
Fane, C.M.G. (1901), B.A., China 1900-1 : b. i860. 
Bes., Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co. Cork. 

AD AMSON, Knight (1). SixTLARVEvAdamson, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), C.S.I. (1903), M.A., late Ch. 
Judge in Lower Burma, prev. Judicial Commissr. 
in Upper Burma and Lt.-Col. Rifle Vols., an Ord. 
Memb. Counc. of Viceroy and an Addit. M.L.C. : 
b. 1854, mar. 1892 Jane Charlotte, dau. of Jno. 
Leslie, Esq. Bes., Calcutta and Simla. 

ADAMSON, Knight (2) . Sir William Adam- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1907), C.M.G. (1897), repeatedly 
an M.L.C. of Straits Settmts., now a City mer- 
chant, Dir. of P. & O. Steamship Co., and Chmn. 
Str. Setts. Assoc. : b. 1832. Bes., Rothbury, 9 
Avenue Rd., Highgate, N. 

ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
OLE. (1889), LA. retd. ; Burma 1886-7, has been 
Commissr. of S. Div. of Burma: b. 1846. Bes., 
North Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

ADARE, Viscount {Irel. 1822) and Baron 
(1800) — see " Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh Adcock, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (1897), M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.E., 
was Cons. Phys.-in-Ch. to H.I.M. the late Shah of 
Persia : b. 1847, mar « *866 Elizabeth, dau of Wm. 
Watkin, Esq. 

ADDERLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see also below. 

ADDERLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(LEetitia Annie, dau. of Hon. W. H. Hall), mar. 
1857 Sir Augustus J. Adderley, K.C.M.G., for- 
merly an M.L.C. Bahamas (d. 1905). Bes., 
2 Southwell Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

ADDEY, William Freeme, I.S.O. (1902), 
a Staff Clk. in Solic. Dept. of Treas. : b. 1852. 

ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 
Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." of the name {not 
of the following). 

168 ADt) Directory of Peerage, AIL 

ADDINGTON, Baron. Egerton Hubbard, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., M.A., a partner in 
two merchant firms, a Co. Aid. for Bucks., late 
Col. 1st Bucks. Rifle Vols., an M.P. 1874-80 and 
1886-9: son of istBn. ; b. Dec. 29, 1842 ; sue. 1889 
(C.) ; mar. 1880 Mary Adelaide, dau. of SirWynd- 
ham S. Portal, 1st Bt. Seat, Addington Manor, 
Winslow, Bucks. ; town res., 24 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Addington, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bn. 
was Governor of the Bank of England and M.P. for the 
City of London. 

Titled Relatives. 


Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Winifred Mary H., b. 1881. 

Hon. John Gellibrand H., heir to Barony, B.A., 

Lieut, ist Bucks. Rif. Vols. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Raymond Egerton H., and heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Francis Spencer H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Ruth Mary b. 1896. 

Surviving issue &f 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Alice Eliza FT., b. 1841. Res., 24 Prince's Gt., 

(Present Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Cecil John H., formerly Lt.-Col. Gren. Gds., 
served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1846, mar. 1872 Helen Jane, 
dau. of the late Arth. Macdonald-Ritchie, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Cecil H.). Res., Kingsbridge, Steeple 
ClaydonS.O., Bucks. 

Hon. Rose Ellen H., b. 1851. Res., Seven Gables, 
Winslow, Bucks. 

Hon. Evelyn H., M.A., Lieut, for Citv of London, a 
Dir. of Bk. of Engld., Cominissr. of Pub. Works 
Loans, and partner in same firms with his bro. the 
present Bn., late an M.P. : b. 1852, mar. 1881 Eveline 
Maude (Hon. Mrs. Evelyn H.), dau. of Sir Wynd- 
ham S. Portal, Bt., and sist. of the Lady Addington. 
Res., The Rookery, Lowne, Farnborough S.O., 
Kent ; Queen Anne's Mansns., Westmr., S.W. 

Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Mrs. George Barker, b. 
1856, mar. 1888 Col. George B., R.E., C.B., q.v. 

ADEANE, Lady Eon n Isabella, dau. of 11th 
E. of Carnwath. 

ADELAIDE, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Nutter Thomas, M.A., 4th Bp., late Rect. of 
Guisbrough, formerly Resid. Chapl. to Abp. of 
York: b. 1869, cons. 1906. Res., Bishop's Ct., 
North Adelaide, S. Australia. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., Leg. Adviser to Loc. Govt. 
Bd., late Assist. Sec. : b. 1845. Bes., Mayfleld, 
40 Elsworthy Rd., Primrose Hill Rd., N.W. 

ADRIAN, Frederick Obadiah, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Offr. of Arms to Ord. of SS. Mich, and Geo., 
and Clerk for Leg. Instruments at Colon. Off. : 
b. 1836. Res., 89 Queen's Rd., Sth. Hornsey, N. 

ADYE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary 
Cordelia, dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Hon. Sir 
Mont. Stopford, K.C.B., son of 3rd E. of Cour- 
town),mar. 1856 Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B., 
R.A. (d. 1900). Res., 92 St. George's Sq., S.W. 

ADYE, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1902), late R.A. , 
Afghn. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5 (part as 
A.D.C. to Sir G. Wolseley), S. Africa 1899-1902, 
Gibraltar (Assist. Mil. Sec), now Col. on Staff at 
Headqrs., late comdg. R.A. at Mauritius : b. 

AFFLECK, Baronet. Sir Robert A ff'ech, 7th 
Bt- (Gt. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. W'. Suffolk 
Militia: son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. 
1886 Julia Gcorgina, dau. of Jno. S. Prince, 
Esq. Heir pres. , his bro. John de Ltnden (b. i860; 
2nd heir, next bro., Philip Burton, b. 1862). Club, 
Yorkshire (York). 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amir of. H.H. Sif 
Habip.-Ulla Khan, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ. 1907), 
G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896) : b. 1872. Balacs, Kabul. 

" Equat. Africa" and " Uganda." 

AGA KHAN, The. H.H. Sir Aga Sultan 
Muhammad Sjiah, G.C.LE. (1902 ; K.C.I.E. 1898), 
spiritual head of the Khoja Community of -W. [ 
India, a direct descendant of the prophet 1 
Mohammed, is a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, was j 
granted title of Highness 1886. Res., Aga Hall, 

AGAR, family name of Normanton Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies " and " Hons." Agar-Ellis was, 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden 
Viscounty (now Agar-Bobartes). The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, Esq., 
of Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733). 

AGHADOE, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

AGLIONBY, Col. Arthur (Sisson), C.B. (Mil. 
1 858), Mutiny and Abyss., now retired; assumed 
surname in lieu of Cooper 1885 : b. 1832. Res., 
Staffield Hall, Carlisle. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Great Stanhope Street. 
Sir William Agnew, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1895), an M.P. 
1880-6 (L.), late Chmn. of Bradbury, Agnew, and 
Co. .printers, proprietors of Bunch, also late head of 
Thos. Agnew and Sons, art publishers : son of 
the late Thos. Agnew, Esq., of Manchester; b. 
1825, widower. Heir, his son George William, 
M.P. for Salford W., L. (b. 1852; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John Stuart, b. 1879). Res., 11 Gt. 
Stanhope St. , Mayf air, W. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Lochnaiv. Sir Andrew 
Noel Agneiv, 9th Bt. (Scot. 1629), LL.B.,barrister- 
at-law, late an M.P. (L.U.), a D.L. and Vice- 
Lieut, of Wigtownsh., Capt. 1st Ayrsh. and 
Galloway Vol. Artill. : son of 8th Bt., b. 1850, 
sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, dau. of the late 
Hon. Gowran C. Vernon and granddau. of 1st 
Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his bro. Henry de j 
Courcy (b. 1851 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Maj. 
Charles Hamlyn A., b. 1859). Seat, Lochnaw 
Castle, Stranraer, Wigtownsh. : town res., 21 
Abingdon St., Westmr., S.W. 

AGNEW, Knight. Sir Stair Andrew Agnew,. 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), M.A., advocate, Regist.-Gen. 
for Scotld., formerly Lieut. 9th Regt. : uncle of 
Sir Andrew N. Agnew, gth Bt. of Lochnaw; 
b. 1831, mar. 1870 Georgina, dau. of the late 
Geo. M. Nisbett, Esq. Res., 22 Buckingham 
Terr., Edinburgh. 

AGNEW, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg.-Gen. Fawcus, I. M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Bach., formerly 
acting Judge of Calcutta HighCt. (d. 1903). Res., 
33 Abingdon Ct., Abingdon Villas, Kens., W. 

AGNEW, Maj. Quentin Graham Kinnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, igo3),D.S.O. (1902), Manches- 
ter Regt. rctd. ; Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C, Tirah 
1897-8, and S. Africa 1899-1902, late Assist. Mil. 
Sec. at Gibraltar, is a memb. of Hon. Corps. 
Gentn. at Arms : b. 1861 (3rd bro. of Sir Andrew 
Agnew, Bt.). Club, Nav. and Mil. 

AHMAD-bin-FADTHL, Sultan Sir, K.C.S.I. 
(1901), of Lahej (as residence only). 

AHMAD KHAN-see " Janjira." 

AILESBURY, Marquess of. Henry 
Augustus Brudencll-Bruce, 5th Marq. (U.K.) and 
a Bt., formerly Capt. 9th Regt. and Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Wilts. Regt. (Mil.), an M.P. 1886-92 (asLd. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



H. Brudenell-Bruce) : son of 3rd M. and uncle of 
4th, whose father, George John B.-B., Esq., elder 
bro. of present Peer, died untitled (1868) before 
the succession of their father as 3rd Marquess ; b. 
April 11, 1842; sue. 1894 (C); mar. 1870 the late 
Georgiana Sophia Maria, dau. of G. H. Pinckney, 
Esq. (she died 1902). Seats, Savernake Forest, 
Marlborough, "Wilts. ; Villa Marbella, Biarritz. 

Creations. Eno. : A Bt. 1611 ; Bn. Brudenell, i6a3 ; 
E. of Cardigan, 1661. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bruce of Tottenham, 
1746 ; E. of Ailesbury, 1776. U.K. : M. of Ailesbury, 
Earl Bruce, and Vise. Savernake, 1821.— The 2nd E. of 
Elgin was granted the English Earldom of Ailesbury for 
his devotion to the two Charleses. It became extinct in 
1747 on the death of the 3rd Earl, but was revived to 
his nephew, whose son, the and Earl by the new creation, 
was elevated to the Marquessate. The name Bruce 
was assumed by the 1st Earl of this later creation The 
Barony of Brudenell was conferred upon Sir Thos. 
Brudenell, 1st Bt., and later on his devotion to the 
Royalist side was rewarded with the Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the 1st Earl of Ailesbury had been 
imprisoned) : the two titles came into the Ailesbury 
line under the 2nd Marq. in i863. The 3rd Earl 
under the older creation had been given the Bruce 
of Tottenham Barony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
whom it eventually came back to the Ailesbury line ; 
but the Tottenham Park which gave this title its name 
is in Wiltshire immediately adjoining the above Saver- 
nake Forest. The Bruce Castle of the London suburb of 
Tottenham has thus no connection whatever with this 
line ; in default, however, it can claim to be linked with 
the illustrious name of "the Bruce of Bannockburn." 
Robert de Brus, as he is termed in the 'History 
of Tottenham,' the grandfather of the great Robert, and 
a descendant of David, Earl of Huntingdon, was allotted 
that portion of the parish of Tottenham then termed the 
Manor of Bruses. His eldest son, Robert, styled in 
right of his wife Earl of Carrick, on returning from the 
Crusades, settled at the Manor House ; but his warrior 
son, the 3rd Robert, on revolting from England, had all 
his English lands seized by Edward II. The Crown, 
however, from time to time made various grants of the 
estate, and in 1514 Henry VIII. consigned it to Sir AVm. 
Compton, an ancestor of the Northampton house. After- 
wards it was held by the Earl of Dorset, Lord Coleraine, 
and others, till in 1827 the famous Sir Rowland Hill 
converted it into a boarding-school. As such it remained 
till 1890, but is now used only as a house of refreshment 
in the public park passing under its name. An engrav- 
ing dated 1686 shows that it once possessed far more 
than at present of the genuine features of a " Castle." 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue 0/ present (5th) 31.: 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Gecrgiana, now-Lady 
E. Hunt. b. 1871, mar. 1898 Harry Brady H., Esq. 
Res., Ballyleun, Kildysart, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
Earl or Cardigan, heir to Marquessate : George 
William James Chandos B.B., D.S.O. (1900-1), a 
C.C. for Wilts., Capt. Middx. Imper. Yeom., late 
Maj. Roy. Wilts., was in Army Transpt. Serv. in 
S. Africa 1900 : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Caroline Sydney 
Anne, dau. of the late Jno. Madden, Esq. , and Lady 
Caroline Madden (sist. of 4th E. of Leitrim). Res., 
The Manor, Tockington S.O., Glos. Issue : 
Vise. Savernake, 2nd heir : Chandos Sydney 

Cedric B.-B., b. 1904. 
Lady Ursula Daphne B.-B., h. 1905. 
Lady Rosemary Enid B.-B., b. 1907. 
Lady (Violet Louisa) Marjory, now Lady Marjory 
Binney, b. 1880, mar. 1907 James B., Esq. 
Sist. oj 4th 31. (niece of present ; granted rank of 
Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
(The late 4th Marqoess, b. 1863, d. childless 1894.) 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 

1866, mar. 1892 Robt. Standish S., Esq. 
—For Adeline, Gtss. of Cardigan see " Cardigan, 
Earl's Widow," her husb.'s title having been that 
of a distinct Peer. 
Surviving issue of 3rd 31. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1842.) 

Lord Robert Thomas B.-B., Com. R.N. retired, b. 
184s, mar. 1878 Emma, dau. of the late Capel H. 
Leigh, Esq. (Lady Robt. B.-B.). Res., Stamford 

Lodge, Hayling I., Havant ; 35 Onslow Gdns., 

S. Kens., S.W. 
Lady Ernestine Mary, now Gtss. of Listowel, b. 1847, 

mar. 1865 3rd Earl of L., q.v. 
Lord Charles Frederick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 

Wilts., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. Roy. Wilts. 

Yeom. : b. 1849, mar. 1873 Margaret, dau. of the 

late Jas. Renshaw, Esq. (Lady Frederick B.-B.). 

Res., 11 Gloucester Terr., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

AILESBURY, Marquess's "Widow (remrrd.). 
Marchioness of A. (Dorothy Julia, dau. of the 
late Thos. Haseley, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, 4th M. 
of Ailesbury (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1901, David W". 
"Webster, Esq.— retaining title by courtesy. Bes., 
Belle Vue House, Arbroath, Eorfarsh. 

AILSA, Marquess oe. Archibald Kennedy, 
3rd Marq. (U.K)., E. of Cassillis (Scot.) ; LL.D., 
a D.L. for Ayrsh. and Hon. Com. Clyde Div. 
Nav. Vol. Res., formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds. : 
son of 2nd M. ; b. Sept. 1, 1847; sue. 1870 (<7.) ; 
mar., 1st, 1871, the late Hon. Evelyn Stuart, dr.u. 
of 12th Bn. Blantyre (she died 1888) ; 2ndly, 
1891, Isabella, dau. of the late Hugh M'Master, 
Esq., of N."W. Provs. India. Seats, Culzean 
Castle and Cassillis House, Maybole, Ayrsh. ; 
Newark Castle, Ayr; town res., 65 Lancaster 
Gt., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 1452 ; E. of Cassillis, 
1509. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, 1806; M. of Ailsa, 1831.— The 1st 
Ld. Kennedy was son of the Bishop of St. Andrews, a 
great Scottish statesman, and was one of the six Regents 
during the minority of James III. ; the 3rd Ld. was made 
E. of Cassillis. The 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objecting to 
the marriage of Mary Stuart with the Dauphin. The 
12th Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Marques? ate. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (3rd) 31.: 


Earl of Cassil Lis (pron. like Castles), heir to Mar- 
quessate: Archibald K, a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate in Scotld., served in S. Africa 1900-2, 
is Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Fus. 
(Mil.): b. 1872, mar. 1503 Frances Emily, dau. of 
Sir Mark J. MacTaggart Stewart, 1st Bt., M.P. 
Res., 1 Moray PI., Edinburgh. 

Lord Charles K., 2nd heir, formerly Lieut, in pre- 
ceding Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-1 as Capt. Pr. 
of Wales's Lt. Horse : b. 1875. 

The late Lady Evelyn K, b. 1876, d. 1886. 

Lady Aline, now The Lady Kilmaine, b. 1877, mar. 
iqoi Hon. John E. Deane Broime, now 5th Bn. 
Kilmaine, q.v. 

Lord Angus K., b. 1882. 


Lord Hugh K, b. 1895. 
Lady Marjory K., b. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 2nd 31. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1847.) 

Lady Julia Alice, now Lady J. Folleit, b. 1849, mar. 
1869 Col. Robt. W. Webb F., son of the late 
Sir Wm. Follett. Res., Woodside, Old Windsor. 

Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, 
mar. 1885 Capt. Arthur Henderson I'., C.M.G., q.v. 

Lord Alexander K, late Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Maj. 1st Batt. of 
same Regt., served in Egypt and Soudan : b. 1853, 
mar. 1881 Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. T. Gor- 
don, Esq. (Lady Alexander K). Res., Carrick, 
Ascot, Berks. 

Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. Fawkes, b. 
1855, mar. 1891 Col. Lionel Grimston F., late R.A. 
Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

Lady John K. (Mary Adelaide, dau. of the late Col. 
Alex. Learmonth, M.P.), mar. 1890 the late Lord 
John K. (d. 1895). Res., 15 Culford Mansns., Culfd. 
Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

no AIN 

Directory of Peerage, 

Widow of a grandson of 1st M. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1816, d. 1870.) 
Lady David K. (prev. Lady Mary Emily Vere, nee 
Boyle, sist. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery and widow 
of \Vm. E. Hope V., Esq., granted rank of an Earl's 
dau., as her late husb. was granted that of aMarq.'s 
son), b. 1834, mar. 1873 2nd husb., the late Lord 
David K. (d. 1905), son of the Earl of Cassillis. Res., 
93 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

AINSWORTH, John, C.M.G. (1900), F.R.G.S., 
late Vice-Cons, for Brit. E. Africa and Sub- 
Commissr. for Prov. of Ukamba, now a Magist. 
of the Protectorate : b. 1864. Bes., Naivasha, via 

AINSWORTH, Capt. William John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Durham L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
late on Gen. Staff at Hdqrs.: b. 1873. Address. 
c/o Messrs. Holt and Co., Whitehall PI., S.W. 

AIRD, Baronet. Sir Jons Aird, 1st Bt. (U.K. 
1901), V.D., a Lieut, for the City of London, late 
an M.P. (G.), el. 1st Mayor of Paddington 
Borough (1900) and re-el. 1901, Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. Engr. and Rail. Staff Corps, a partner in 
Jno. Aird and Co., contractors : son of Jno. Aird, 
Esq., of Gt. Cumberld. PL; b. 1833, mar. 1855 
Sarah, dau. of Benj. Smith, Esq., of Lewisham. 
Heir, his son John (b. 1861, Maj. of Vols.; 2nd 
heir, latter's son John Renton, b. 1898). Seat, 
Wilton Pk., Beaconsfield S.O., Bucks. ; town res., 
14 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. 

AIREDALE, Baron. James Kitson, 1st Bn. 
(U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1906), D.Sc, 
late an M.P., Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. W. Yorks. 
Regt., is an iron and steel manufacturer and 
builder of locom. engines, a Dir. of N.E. Rail, 
and of City and Midld. Bank, Mayor of Leeds 
1896-7, becoming 1st Lord Mayor at the Diamond 
Jubilee: son of the late Jas. Kitson, Esq., of 
Elmet Hall, Leeds ; b. Sept. 22, 1835 ; cr. Bn. 
1907 (L.); mar., 1st, i860, the late Emily (d. 1873), 
dau. of Jos. Cliff, Esq. ; 2ndly, 1881, Mary Laura, 
dau. of the late E. Fisher Smith, Esq. Seat, Gled- 
how Hall, Leeds ; town res., 105 Pall Mall, S.W. 
1 Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1886 ; Bn. Airedale, 1907. 

Hon. Ai.hert Ernest if., heir to Barony, B.A., an 
iron manufacturer : b, 1863, mar. 1890 Florence, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Schunck, Esq. Res., Cober 
Hill, Cloughton S.O., Yorks. 

Hon. .lames Clifford K., 2nd heir, b. 1864. 

Hon. Edward Christian K., M.A., b. 1873, mar. 1903 
Mary Katharine, dan. of Sand. Hirst, Esq. 

Hon. Roland Dudley K, b. 1882. 

Hon. Emily K., b. 18— 

Hon. Alice Hilda K., b. 18— 

Hon. Olive Mary K, b. 18— 

AIREY, Col. Henry Park, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
D.S.O. (1888) , N.S.W. Permt. Artill. ; Soudan 
1885, Burma 1886-8, and comd. N".S.W. Mtd. 
Inf. in S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1844. Address, 
Victoria Barracks, Sydney. 

AIRLIE, Earl of. David Lyulph G6re 
Wolsei .ey Ogilvy, 9th Earl (Scot.), a minor: 
son of 8th E. ; b. July 18, 1893; sue. 1900. Seats, 
Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., and Tulchan Lodge, 
Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth S.O. ; Cortachy 
Castle, Kirriemuir, Forfarsh. ; Auchterhouse, 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Ogilvy of Airlie, 1491; E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen, 1639. "Ld. 
I Ogilvy" i8 the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 
I 1st Lord Ogilvy was Ambassador to Denmark ; his grand- 
j father had been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th 
I Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number 

who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
' Burke ' and ' Foster ' ('Lodge ') in regarding the present 
Peer as the 9th, but some term him the nth or 12th, 
' Debrett ' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder son of the '3rd E., the 
latter that of the elder son and grandson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom 
we accept as the 5th, were considered during their 
lifetime as also legally excluded, and this certainly gives 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the 6th E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of 
the two attainders, it may be added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1715, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at Culloden. 
Titled Relatives. 

Issue of 8th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Kitty Edith Blanche, now Lady K. Vincent, 

b. 1887, mar. 1906 Capt. Berkeley V. 
Lady Helen Alice Wyllington 0., b. 1890. 
Lady Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley 0., h. 189a. 
(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Arthur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, b. 1895. (2nd heir, the following.) 
Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., b. 1896. 

Issue of 7th E. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hosier, 
see " Hozier, Kt.'s Wid." 

Lady Clementine Gertrude Helen, now the Lady 
Redesdale, b. 1854, mar. 1874 Alg. B. Freernan- 
Mitford, Esq., C.V.O., now 1st Bn. Redesdale, q.y. 

(The late 8th Earl, b. 1856, d. 1900. ) 

Lady Maude Josepha, now Lady M. Whyte, b. i8s9,mar. 
1886 the late Theodore IF., Esq. (d. 1903). Res., 
Bideford, Devon ; 26 Auriol Rd., W. Kens., W. 

Hon. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley O., D.S.O. (1900-1), 
late Capt. Brabant's Horse in S. Africa (1900-1), 
has been an agriculturist in Western America : 
b. 1861, mar. 1902 Edith Boothroyd, of Colorado. 

Lady Griselda J ohanna Helen, now Lady G. Oheape, 
b. 1865, mar. 1897 James G., Esq. Res., Strathtyrum, 
St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1826, d. 1881.) 
Hon. William Henry Bruce O., formerly Lieut. 26th 
Foot and Capt. Black Watch (Mil.), b. 1840, widower. 

AIRLIE, Earls' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Countess op A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanley, dau. of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. 1830, mar. 1851 7th E. of Airlie (d. 1881). 
Bes., Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., Alyth S.O. ; 3 
Halkin Pl„ West Halkin St., S.W.— (2) Countess 
of A., nee Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth Gore, 
dau. of 5th E. of Arran, b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th 
E. of Airlie (killed at Diamond Hill, S. Africa, 
1900) ; is a Lady of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. 

1 the Princess of Wales. Bes., with present Earl 

' (except at Airlie Castle) . 

AITCHISON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 

j (Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox, Esq.), 

; mar. 1863 Sir Chas. U. Aitchison, K.C.S.I. (d. 
1896). Bes., St. Christopher's, 104 Banbury Rd., 

I AITCHISON, Gen, Charles Terrinoton, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. retd. (1889); S. Mahratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Bes., 14 Redcliffe 
Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 

AITHRIE, Viscount (Scot. 1703)— see "Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AITKEN, Col. William,. C.B. (Mil. 1898), 
R.A. retd.; Afghn. 1878-80, Mahsud Waziri, 
Burma 1885-7, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 1897-8, 
was A.D.C. to late Queen: b. 1846. Bes., 
Innergellie, Anstruther, Fifesh. 

AIYANGAR, Sir VembakamBhashyam, Diwan 
Bahadur, Kt. Bach. (1900), CLE. (1895), B.A., 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy, late a Judge of the 
I High Ct. of Madras, has been Prof, of Law in 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

AIiD in 

Madras Pres. Coll., now Pres. of Faculty of Law 
in the local Univ. (title Diwan Bah. personal) : b. 
1844. Bes., Lakshmi Villas, Mylapore, Madras. 

AIYAR, Sir Subbaiyab Subbamaniya, Diwan 
Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1900), a Judge of High Ct. of 
Madras, formerly an M.L.C., received personal 
title of Diwan Bahadur 1891. Bes., Madras. 

Ranjob Singh, Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1897), aBuling 
Chief : b. 1852. Bes., Ajaigarh, Bundelkhand, 
Upper India. 

AKERMAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Emma Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Brumby, Esq.), 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. W. Akerman, 
K.C.M.G., late Speaker of Leg. Counc. Natal 
(d. 1905). Bes., Eairlight, Uxbridge Ed., Ealing, 

ALABASTER, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Laura, dau. of Dr. D. J. Macgowan, of New 
York) , mar. 1875 Sir Chaloner Alabaster,K.C.M.G., 
Cons.-Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Bes., Dilaram, 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

ALBANY, Duke of— see Royal Family. 

ALBEMARLE, Eael of. Aenold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), V.D., A.D.C. to the King 
for Vols., a D.L. for Norfolk, served in S. Africa 
900 in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.V., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. Vol. 
Rifles, now Hon. Col. 4th Batt. and 2nd Vol. Batt. 
Norf. Regt., an M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : 
son of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858; sue. 1894 (C7.) ; 
mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
2nd Bn. (now 1st Earl) Egerton of Tatton. Seat, 
Quidenham Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk {let) ; 
town res., 5 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Creation. E. of Albemarle, Vise. Bury, and Bn 
Ashford, Eng. 1697.— The IS * Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
was a member of the nobility of Holland who had 

accompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
Albemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E. : 

Vise. Bury, heir to Earldom: Walter Egerton 
George Lucian K., Lieut. Scots Gds., A.D.C. to 
Sir H. J. Goold- Adams in Orange Riv. Col., prev. 
to Earl Grey in Canada : b. 1882. 
Hon. Arnold Joost William K., and heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek if., 2nd Lieut. Coldstrm. 

Gds., b. 1886. 
Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude K., b. 1890. 
Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K, b. 1898. 

Surviving issue of 7th E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1858.) 

Lady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 

1887 Col. W. Leslie D., C.B., R.A., q.v. 
Hon. Derek William George K., C.M.G. (1901), 

CLE. (1006), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), V.D., late 

Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 12th Middx. (Civ. Serv.) 

Vols., is an Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of 

Wales, formerly a C.E. : b. 1863, mar. 1898 Hon. 

Bridget Louisa Harbord (Hon. Mrs. Derek K.), 

dau. of 5th Bu. Suffield. lies., 10 Buckingham 

Gt., S.W. . , „ 

Lady Hilda Mary K., b. 1864. Bes., S3 Lowndes Sq., 

S.W., with Dow. Ctss. „ 
Hon. George A'., formerly Lieut. Gordon Highlanders, 

now of Norfolk Artil. Mil. (reappd.) : b. 1865, mar. 

1891 Alice Frederica, dau. of the late Adm. Sir Wm. 

Edmonstone, 4th Bt. (Hon. Mrs. George K.). 

Bes., 30 Portman Sq., W. 
Lady Leopoldina Olivia K, a nun of the Sacred 

Heart, b. 1866. ., , , „,„ 

Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Tovjnleij,b. 1868, mar. 

1896 Walter Beaupre T., Esq., of the Brit. Legat., 

Buenos Aires. Bes-., 46 St. James's Ct., Buckm. Gt., 


Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F. Boyle, b. 1871, 
mar. 1902 Lieut. Wm. H. Dudley B., R.N., gt. 
grandson of 2nd E. of Cork. 
Dau. of 6th E. (aunt of present): 
(The late 7th Earl, b. 1832, d. 1894.) 
Lady Louisa, now Lady L. Charteris, b. 1836, mar. 
1864 the late Capt. Hon. Fredk. Wm. C. (d. 1887), son 
of 8th E. of Wemyss. 
ALBEMARLE, Eabl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Sophia, dau. of Hon. Sir Allan 
N. MaeNab, 1st and last Bt., Prem. of Canada), 
mar. 1855 7th E. of Albemarle (d. 1894). Bes., 53 
Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

ALCOCK, Lt.-Col. Alfeed William, CLE. 
(1903), M.B., LL.D., F.R S.,F.G.S.,I.M.S., Supt. 
of Indian Museum, and Prof, of Zoology in 
Med. Coll., Calcutta: b. 1859. Bes., ind. Mus., 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALDENBURG, Count— see "Bentinck." 

ALDENHAM, Baeon. Alban Geobge Heney 
Qibbs, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), M.A., a partner in Antony 
Gibbs and Sons, bankers and merchants, and a 
Dir. of the Bank of Australasia and of the 
Guardian Assurance Co. ; a Lieut, for City of 
London, an M.P. 1892-1906 : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. April 23, 1846 ; sue. 1907 (C.) ; mar. 1873 the 
late Bridget (d. 1896), dau. of the late Alex. 
J. B. Beresford-Hope, Esq. Seat, Aldenham 
House, Elstree S.O., Herts. ; res., Clifton-Hamp- 
den, Oxon., nr. Abingdon ; St. Dunstan's, Outer 
Circle, Regent's Pk., N.W. ; 37 Portland PL, W. 

Creation. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896.— The late 1st 
Baron was a director of the Bank of England (at first 
Governor), a Member of Parliament and of the House of 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Catherine Louisa G., b. 1875. 

Hon. Mildred Dorothea G., b. 1876. 

Hon. Gerald Henry Beresford G., heir to Barony, 
B.A., b. 1879, mar. 1905 Lillie Caroline, dau. of the 
Rev. Wm. T. Houldsworth. (2nd heir, Bn.'s bro. 
Hon. Vicary.) 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1846.) 
Hon. Edith Caroline (?., b. 1848. 
Hon. Vicary G., B.A., barrister-at-law, a partner in 
same firm with his father and elder bro., and a 
dir. of banking and insurance cos., late an M.P. 
«7.);b. 1853. Bes., with his father. 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne <?., M.A., also a partner m 
above firm, a Commissr. of Pub. Works Loans and 
of Inc. Tax : b. 1854, mar. 1885 Anna Maria, dau. 
of the late Richd. Durant, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Herbert G.). Bes., 9 Portman Sq., W 
Rev. the Hon. Kenneth Francis G., M.A., F.S.A., 
Rur. Dean of Watford and Hon. Canon of St. 
Albans and Chapl. to the Bp. : b. 1856 mar. 1894 
Mabel Alice, dau. of Chas. E. Barnett, Esq.JHon. 
Mrs. Kenneth G.). Bes., Aldenham Vic, Elstree 
S.0 M Herts. 
— Dau. ^in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Henry G. (Alice Mary, dau. of the late 
Gen. Chas. Crutchley), mar. 1887 the late Hon ) 
Henry Lloyd G. (d. 1907, the day after -his father). 
Bes., Manor House, Elstree S.O., Herts.; 10 
Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
ALDERSON, Knight (1). Sir Chaeles Heney 
Alderson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), barrister-at-law, 
late Chief Charity Commissr. , formerly Sen. Insp. 
of Schools : b. 1831 (a cousin of following and son 
of Baron Alderson). Bes., 40 Beaufort Gdns., 

ALDERSON, Knight (2). Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Heney James Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1891), Col. 
Comdt. R.A. (ret. 1906), served- iit Crimea-,- late 



Directory of Peerage, 


Dir. of Artill. at War Office, and afterwards 
Pres. of Ordnance Cmttee. : b. 1834, mar. 1877 
Florence, dau. of his relative Bn. Alderson 
(Excheq. Ct.), and sist. of the late Mchss. of 
Salisbury. Res., Chavey Lawn, Locke's Ride, 
Bracknell, Berks. ; 6 Hyde Park St., W. 

ALDERSON, Maj.-Gen. Edwin Alfred Her- 
ve y, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Transvaal 1881, Egypt, 
Soudan 1884-5, Mashonald., Boer War 1899-1901, 
late comdg. 2nd Inf. Brigade at Aldershot, and 
an A.D.C. to H.M.: b. 1859. Res., Blackdown 
House, Farnborough, Hants. 

ALDRICH, Adm. Peliiam, C.V.O. (1902), 
served in ' Challenger' and 'Alert,' and has been 
Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. Dockyd.: b.1844. Res., 
The Croft, Gt. Bealings, Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALD RIDGE, Maj. John Barttelot, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.H.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1871. 

ALD WORTH, Lady Mary Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd. E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDER, family name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for "Hons.," also below (and for Lady 

ALEXANDER, Archbishop — see "Armagh." 
ALEXANDER, Baronet of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1886), B.A., 
1 formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Fus. (Mil.) : 
! son of 1st Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1899, mar. 1896, 2nd 
' wife (having divorced 1st), Rachel Belasyse, dau. 

of Rev. Hy. Holden, D.D. Heir, his son Wilfred 
I Archibald (b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, 
i b. 1897). Seats, Ballochmyle, Mauchline, Ayrsh.; 
j Faygate Wood, Horsham, Sussex, 
i ALEXANDER, Baronet's Widow of Balloch- 
myle. Dowager Lady A. (Eliza, dau. of the Mfte 
Alex. Speirs, Esq.), mar. 1863 Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 1st Bt". (d. 1899), Res., 24 
Old Queen St., Westmr., S.W, 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
Cecil William Alexander, 6th Bt. {U.K. 1809), 
2nd Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 5th Bt., b. 1885, 
sue. 1896. No heir. Seat, Kentstown, Co. Meath 
(no post-town given). 

*#* The Earls of Caledon are a branch of this house. 
ALEXANDER, Baronets' Widows of Dublin. 
— (1) Kathleen, Lady A. (Mary Kathleen, dau. 
of Rev. Jno. Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife, 
Sir Jno. W. Alexander, 4th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) 
Lady A. remrrd. (Edith, dau. of the late Geo. F. H. 
La Fargue, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, Sir Wm. Ferd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Rev. 
Fredk. W. Thurlow— retaining title by right. 
Res., 6 Morpeth Mansns., Westmr., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (subst. 
for "Vise. Caledon"). 
ALEXANDER, Col. Aubrey de Verb, D.S.O. 

(1903) , LA. Supernum. List; Afghn. 1879-80, 
and China 1900: b. 1849. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Cox and Co., 16 Charing Cross, S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 
1st Bn. Cottesloe. 
ALEXANDER, Maj. Dudley Henry, C.M.G. 

(1904) , late W. Yorks. Regt., Priv. Sec. to late 
Gov. of New Zealand : b. 1863. Club, U. Serv. 

ALEXANDER, Capt. Edward Currie, D.S.O. 
(1902), I. A., Tirah 1897-8, Mahsud Waziri 1902, 
and other Ind. operations : b. 1875. 

ALEXANDER, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
rine, dau. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDER, Col. Harvey, D.S.O. ( 1900-1 ), 
late comdg. 10th Hussars, aftds. D.A.A.G. at 
Guernsey; S. Africa 1899-1901. ret. 1906 : b. 1859. 

ALFORD, Knight's Widow [remrrd.). Lady 

A. (Jane Eliza Helen Nathalie, dau. of the late 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Shand), mar., 1st, 1886, Sir Edwd. 
Fleet Alford (d. 1905), son of the late Bp. Alford 
of Hong Kong ; 2ndly, 1906, Edwd. R. Burdon, 
Esq., F.L.S., son of Rt. Rev. Bp. Burdon— 
retaining title by courtesy. 

ALFORD, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brownl ow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. George 
Thorneloe, D.C.L., 3rd Bp., Canon of Quebec 
1888-96: b. 1848, mar. 1874, cons. 1897. Res., 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

ALINGTON {pron. all-) Baron. Humphrey 
Napier Sturt, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.V.O. (1905), a 

D. L. and C.C. for Dorset, an M.P. 1891-1904, 
formerly Lieut. Dorset Yeom. : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 (<7.) ; mar. 1883 Lady 
Feodorowna Yorke, Order of Mercy, dau. of 5th 

E. of Hardwicke. Seat, Crichel, Wimborne, 
Dorset; town res., 38 Portman Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
former Peerage— Irel. 1642-1723 ; Eng. 1682-91). 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Diana Isabel S., b. 1384. 

The deceased Sylvia S., b. & d. 1886. 

Hon. Gerard Philip Montagu Napier S., heir to 
Barony, b. 1893. 

Hon. Napier George Henry S., 2nd heir, b. 1896. 

A deceased dau., b. & d. 1899. 

Hon. Lois S., b. 1900. 

A deceased son, b. & d. 1903. 
Surviving! issue of 1st Bn. (sis's. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Winifred Selina, now Hon. Lady Hardinge, 
a Bedchamber AVoman to H.M. Queen Alexandra: 
b. 1868, mar. 1890 Rt. Hon. Sir Chas. H., G.C.M.G., 
see Hardinge, P.O. 

Hon. Mildred Cecilia Harriet, now Vctss. Chelsea, b. 
1869, mar. 1892 Vise. C, son and heir of 5th Earl 
Cadogan, q.v. 

ALINGTON, Baron's Widow. Evelyn, Lady 
A. (Evelvn Henrietta, dau. of the late Hy. 
Blundell Leigh, Esq.), a memb. of League of 
Mercy, mar. 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. Alington 
(d. 1904). Res.. 41 Portland PL, W. 

ALINGTON, Hon. Mrs. Cyril, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lyttelton, see " Cobham." 

ALISON, Baronet. Capt. Sir Archibald 
Alison, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1852), late Capt. 5th Batt. 
Rifle Brigade (prev. Lieut. 1st Batt.), was Colon.' 
See. in Bermuda 1 888-1 goo : son of 2nd Bt., b. 
1862, sue. 1907, mar. 1888 Georgina, dau. of the 
late J. Bond Cabbell, Esq. Heir, his son Archi- 
bald (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, next son, George Newde- 
gate, b. 1889) . Res., Elmley, Wimbledon Common, 
S.W. ; 93 Eaton PL, S.W. 

ALISON, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
A. (Jane, dau. of the late James Black, Esq.), 
mar. 1858 Gen. Sir Archibald Alison, 2nd Bt., 
G.C.B. (d. 1907). 

ALLAN, Knight. Sir (Hugh) Montagu Allan, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), C.V.O. (1907), of Montreal, a Dir. 
of the " Allan " Line of Steamships and of several 
other trading Cos. : b. i860, mar. 1893 Marguerite 
Ethel, dau. of the late Hector Mackenzie, Esq., of 
Montreal ; in 1868 changed 2nd chirstn. name from 
Andrew to Montagu. Res., Ravenscrag, Mon- 
treal; Montrose, Cacouna, Quebec. 

ALLAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 
dau. of Walter Beattie, Esq.), mar. 1870 Sir 
Wm. Allan, Kt. Bach., M.P. (d. 1903). Res., 
Scotland House, Sunderland. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Spencer Moreton Havelock- Allan, 2nd Bt, {U.K. 
1858) , a D.L. for Durham, Capt. 3rd Batt. Durham 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



L.I. (Mil.) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1872, sue. 1897, 
mar. 1903 Edith, dau. of the late T. C. J. Sowerby, 
Esq. Heir pres., his bro. Allan (b. 1874; 2nd 
heir, latter' s son Henry Ralph Moreton, b. 1899). 
Seat, Blackwell Grange, Darlington. 

*#* The renowned Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Havelock, 
K. C.B. —who, in conjunction with Gen. Sir Chas. Outram, 
effected the first relief of Lucknow and then held it 
under unparalleled difficulties until himself relieved by 
Sir Colin Campbell— was designated for a Baronet, but 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art.), who 
assumed the additional name of Allan. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet's Widow. 
Lady Alice H.-A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Ducie, b. 1843, mar. 1865 Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry 
M. Havelock-Allan, 1st Bt., G.C.B.. W, M.P., 
killed by the Afridis, 1897. Res., 8 Hertford St., 
Mayfair, W. 

ALLANSON and WINN, Baron {Trel. 1797)— 
see "Headley, Bn." 

ALLARDYCE, Hon. Willi am Lamond, C.M.G. 
(1902), late Receiver Gen. and Assist. Colon. Sec. 
of Fiji, now Gov. and Ch. Justice of the Falkland 
Is. : b. 1861. Res., Govt. House, Port Stanley, 
Falkland Islds. 

ALLASON (BANNATINE-), Col. Richard, 
C.B. (Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Afghn. 1879-80, 
Soudan, and S. Africa 1899-1902, now comdg. 
Orange Riv. Col. Dist. as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 
1855. Res., Bloemfontein ; Logan, Old Cumnock, 

ALLBUTT, Knight. Prof. Sir Thomas 
Clifford Allbutt, K.C.B. (Civ. 1907). 

ALLCARD, Capfc. Herbert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1876. 

ALLCHIN, Knight. Sir William Henry 
AUchin, Kt. Bach. (1907), M.D., Consg. Phys. to 
Westmr. Hosp., a memo, of Senate Lond. Univ. 

ALLDRIDGE, Thomas Joshua, I.S.O. (1905), 
F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., Hon. Corresp. Sec. of' Roy. 
Colon. Inst., late a Dist. Commissr. in Sierra 
Leone: b. 1847. Res., The Cottage, Halting, 
Petersfield, Hants. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Marian, dau. of Rev. Wm. B. Boyce), mar. 1851 
Sir Geo. W. Allen, K.C.M.G., Speaker Leg. 
Assem. N.S.W. (d. 1885). Res., Toxteth Pk., 
Sydney.— (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of the late 
Rev. J. F. Turner), mar. 1876 Sir Geo. Wm. Allen, 
K.C.I.E. (d. 1900). Res., 5 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

ALLEN, Benjamin, I.S.O. (1903), Chief Clk., 
Public Works Loan Board : b. 1845. ^ es ; Tbe 
Lees, Sidcup S.O., Kent. 

ALLEN, George Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), Sec. 
to Treas. Dept. of Commonwealth of Australia : 
b. 1852. 

ALLEN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of the late 
Bn. Hood of Avalon. 

ALLEN, Maj.-Gen. Ralph Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. ; Bechuanaland 
1884-5, and Boer War 1899-1901, late A.A.G. at 
Headqrs. : b. 1846. Res., 10 Hanover Sq., W. 

ALLEN, Lt.-Col. Robert Franklin, D.S.O. 
(1904), R.E., Manipur 1891, Somalild. 1903-4: b. 

ALLEN, Capt. William Lynn, D.S.O. (1902), 
Border Eegt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

ALLENBY, Col. Edmund Henry Hynman, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), late 5th Lancers; Bechuanald. 
1884-5, Zululand 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now comdg. 4th Cav. Brigade as temp. Brig - 
Gen. : b. 1861. Res., Colchester. 

ALLENBY, Capt. Reginald Arthur, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1904), R.N., Egypt 1882, late Naval 

Attache for Germany, Holland, and Denmark : 
b. 1861. Club, U. Sery. 

ALLENDALE, Baron. Wentworth 
Canning Blackett Beaumont, 2nd Bn. [U.K.), 
P.C. {Gt. Br. 1907), M.A., late Vice-Chambn. of the 
Household, is Capt. of Yeom. of the Gd., Hon. 
Maj. retd. Yorks. Hussars, Imper. Yeom., late 
Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus. ; a D.L. for Northumbd., 
an M.P. 1895—1907 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Dec. 2, 
i860 ; sue. 1907 {L.) ; mar. 1889 Lady Alexandrina 
Louisa Maud Vane- Tempest, dau. of 5th M. of 
Londonderry. Seats, Bretton Pk., Wakefield; 
Dilston Hall, Corbridge S.O., Northumb. ; town 
res., 144 Piccadilly, W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allendale, 1905. 

Titled Relatives 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Wentworth Henry Canning B., heir to 

Barony, b. 1890. 
Hon. Margaret Helen B., b. 1892. 
Hon. Aline Mary De Burgh B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Ralph Edward Blackett B., 2nd heir, b. 1901. 
Hon. Agatha Violet B., b. 1903. 
Issue of ist Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Hon. Margaret Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Bampfylde, 
b. 1857, mar. 1881 Hon. Coplestone R. G. W. B„ 
eld. son and heir of 2nd Bn. Poltimore, q.v. 
Hon. Amy Virginia, now The Lady Brabourne, b. 

1859, mar. 1880 2nd Bn. B., q.v. 
(Present Baron„ b. i860.) 
Hon. Edward de Grey B., b. 1862. 
Hon. Hubert George B., M.P. for Eastbourne Div., 
(L.), b. 1864. Res., 6 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 
ALLENDALE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Edith Althea, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Hy. 
M. Hamilton and widow of Col. Sir Geo. P. 
Colley, K.C.S.I.), mar. 1891, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. 
Allendale (d. 1907). Res. ,28 South St., ParkLn.,W. 

ALLERTON (pron. all-), Baron. William 
Lawies Jackson, 1st Bn. [U.K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 
1890, Irel. 1891), LL.D., F.R.S., formerly Chief 
Sec. for Ireland and Financ. Sec. to Treas., was 
Chmn. of S. African Cmttec. 1896, now Chmn. 
of G. N. Rail., late an M.P., was Mayor of Leeds 
1895-6, formerly a tanner and leather merchant : 
son of the late Wm. Jackson, Esq. ; b. Feb. 16, 
1840 ; cr. Bn. 1902 (G.) ; mar. i860 the late Grace 
(d. 1901), dau. of Geo. Tempest, Esq. Seat, 
Allerton Hall, Chapel Allerton, Leeds ; town res., 
27 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1903. 


Hon. George Herbert J., heir to Barony, h. 1867, 
mar. 1899 Katherine Louisa, dau. of Wm. W. Wick- 
hani, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Jackson). Res., Walton 
House, Boston Spa S.O., Yorks. (2nd heir, his son 
George William Lawies, b. 1903-) T ^ m 

Hon. F.-ancis Stanley J., B.A., a D.L. for W. Rid. 
and City of York, late Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Lane. 
Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 1900-2, is a well- 
known Yorkshire cricketer: b. 1870, mar. 1902 
Daisy, dau. of Hy. Harrison-Broadley, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Francis J.). Club, Jun. Carlton. 

Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
Tinsley, mar. 1891, wid. 1900. Res., Allerton Hall, 
as above. „ „ TI 

Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George : Harper 
mar. 1893 Lt.-Col. Geo. Montague H., -D.S.O., q v. 

Hon Evelyn Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Arth. Philip B.. Esq., M.D. Res., 44 
Seymour St., Portman Sq., W. 

Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-Musgrave, mar. 
1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham Musgrave S.-M. Res 
Oakhurst, Moortown, Leeds. _ ; 

Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Aubrey BrockJe- 
bank, mar. 1898 Aubrey B.. Esq.. grandson of is.. 
Bt. Res., West House, Hartford, Northwich 

ALLEYNE, Baronet. Sir John Gay Newton 
Allevne, 3rd Bt. ( Gt. Br. 176 9 ),M.LC.E.,M.I.M.E., 


Directory of Peerage, 

Viee-Pres. Iron and Steel Inst, and a Co. Aid. for 
Derbysh., formerly Warden of Dulwich Coll. and 
Capt. 12th Derby Rifle Vols. : son of 2ndBt., b. 
1820, sue. 1870, mar. 1851 Augusta Isabella, dau. 
of Sir Hy. FitzHerbert, 3rd Bt. Heir, his son 
Reynold Henry Newton (b. 1852 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John Meynell, R.N., b. 1889). Seat, 
Chevin, Belper, Berb3 - sh. 

ALLFREY, Hon. Mrs. Moubkay, dau. of 17th 
Bn. Saye and Sele. 

ALLISON, Lady Diana, dau. of 14th E. of 
Eglinton and Winton. 

ALLIX, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 2nd Bn. 

ALLMAN, Robert, C.M.G. (1901), L.R.C.P.I., 
late Princ. Med. Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin 
1897, Aro 1901) : b. 1854. Res., 2 Cowper Villas, 
Palmerston Pk., Dublin. 

ALLOA, Baron {Scot. 14S9), a title of the Mar 
and Kellie Earldom, claimed also by the E. of Mar. 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." and one mrrd. " Lady." 

ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), late Col- 
lector-Gen. of Customs, Excise, &c, in Jamaica. 
Res., Kingston. 

ALMA-TAD EMA— see " Tadema." 

ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE of {Gt. Br. 
1784)— see "Northumberland, D. of." 

ALSTON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Emily Louise Caroline, dau. of Bridges Taylor, 
Esq..), mar. 1862 Sir Eras. B. Alston, K.C.M.G., 
late Ch. Clk. in Eor. Office (d. 1906). Res., 
GgEccleston So.., S.W. 

ALT, Col. William John, C.B. (Civ. 1901), 
V.D., F.R.G.S., Hon. Col. 8th Vol. Batt. King's 
Roy. Rif. Corps and 22nd Middx. Vol. Rifles: 
b. 1840. Res., 3 Airlie Gdns., Campden Hill Ed'., 
W. ; Villa Aurelia, Rapallo, Liguria, Italy. 

ALTAMONT, Earl of {by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1771), eld. son and heir of Mara, of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Col. Edward Altham (name 
doubled), C.B. (Mil. 1904), C.M.G. (1901), late 
Roy. Scots; Bechuanald. 1884-5 and Boer War 
1899-1900, now (temp.') a Brig. -Gen. on Gen. Staff : 
b. 1856. 

ALTHORP, Viscount. Charles Robert 
Spencer, 6th Vise. {Gt. Br. ; 1st of new creation, 
U.K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), V.D., M.A., Lord 
Chambn. of the Househd., formerly Vice- 
Chambn. and a Groom in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, is a D.L. for Northants. and Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. 1st Vol. Batt. N'thants. Regt., 
late an M.P. : half-bro. and heir pres. to Earl 
Spencer; b. Oct. 30, 1857; cr. Vise. 1905 {L.) ; 
mar. 1887 the late Hon. Margaret Baring (d. 1906) , 
dau. of ist Bn. Revelstoke. Seat, Dallingtun 
House, Northampton; town res., Stable Yard, 
St. James's Palace, and 28 St. James's PL, S.W. 
Creations. Vise. Althorp. Gt. Br. 1765 and U.K. 1903. 
Hon. Adelaide Maigaret S., b. 1883. 
Hon. Albert Euv.-aiid John 5'., heir to Viscty. and 

2nd heir fa Spencer Barjdfifm : b. 1892. 
Hon. Cecil Edward Robert 8., 2nd heir to Viscty., 
b. 1894. 

Hon. Lavinia Emily S., b. 1895. 
Hon. GeftrgS Charles S., b. 1933. 
lion. Alexandra Margaret Elizabeth S., b. 1306. 

ALTMAN, Knight. Sir Albert Joseth 
Altman, Kt. Bach. (1894'), a merchant, Lieut, and 
Common Councilman for City of London and 
Past Master of three City Cos.: b. 1839, mar. 1869 
Margaret Elisra, dau. of Thos. Vemon, Esq. Res., 
Tbe, Lodge, WatfoTd, Herts. 

ALTON, Elt.-Paym. Francis Cooke, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), was Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 1898-1901 : 
b. 1856. 

ALVERSTONE (pron. Alverston), Baron. 
Richard Everard Webster, 1st Bn. {U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. Br. 1900), G.C.M.G. (1893; 
Kt. Bach. 1885) , M. A., LL.D., D.C.L. , F.R.S. , Lord 
Chief Justice of Engld., late Attorn.-Gen. (3rd 
time), appd. Q.C. 1878. an M.P. 1885-1900, amemb. 
of Histor. MSS. Commssn. and a Gov. of the 
Charterhouse, a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
w :Brit. Counsel in the Arbitrations of Behring 
St 11893 and Venezuela 1898-9: son of the late 
Tnos. Webster, Esq., Q..C. ; b. Dec. 22, 1842; cr. a 
Bn. 1900 (C.) ; mar. 1872 the late Louisa Mary, 
dau. of Wm. C. Calthrop, Esq. (she died 1877). 
No heir. Seat, Winterfold, Cranleigh, Guildford; 
town res., Hornton Lodge, Pitt St., Kens., W. 

Creations. U.K. ; A Bt. and Bn. Alverstone, 1900. 

Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw Mellor, 
b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Shaw M., Esq. Res., 14 
Westbourne St., Paddington, W. 
The late Hon. Arthur Harold W., b. 1874, d. 1902, 
having mar. 1898 Gwladys Marie, dau. of Sir Fras. 
H. Evans, istBt., K.C.M.Gr., M.P. ; she re-married 
1903 as Mrs. Iain Ramsay, forfeiting title. Res., 
Kildalton, Port Ellen, Argyllsh. 
AMAR SINGH, Gen. Raja Sir, K.C.S.I. (1891), 
has been Pres. of Kashmir State Counc, Com.-in- 
Ch. of Army, and in charge of Foreign and other 
State Depts., Prime Min. 1888-9, »ow Ch. Min. to 
the Maharaja : b. 1864. Res., The Mandi Palace, 
Jammu, and Shergarhi Palace, Srinagar— both 

AMBERLEY, Viscount {U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

AMHERST, family name of the following Earl- 
dom. In dex to that line ( a . ) and that of ' ' Amherst 
of Hackney " (a.h., Tyssen- Amherst) , see below : 
Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Florentia, a. Ly. Margaret, a. 
Ly. Charlotte, a. Hn. Hugh, a. Hn. Percy Arth.A. 
Hn. Florence, A.n. Hn. Marg. Mitf.A.n.Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AMHERST, Earl. William Archer Amherst, 
3rd Earl ( U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, a Kt. of Jus- 
tice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1859-80 (as Vise. 
Holmesdale) and formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd E. ; b. March 26,. 
1836; sue. 1886 {€'.), having sat as Bn. Amherst 
from 1880 in his father's lifetime; mar., 1st, 1862, 
the late Lady Julia Mann Cornivallis (d. 1883), 
dau. of 5th and last Earl Cornwallis; 2ndly, 
1889, Alice, Ctss. of Lisburne (widow of 5th % 
and sist. of widow of 6th), dau. of the late 
Edmd. Probyn, Esq. Seat, Montreal, Sevenoaks, 
Kent; toiv.i res., 3 Wilton Terr,, Belgr. Sq., 

Creations. Bn. Amherst, Gt. Br. 1783 (orig. jy5i): 
Earl Amherst and Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The xst 
Baron was a Field-Marshal Com. -in-Chief of the British 
Army in N. America 1758-64, afterwards of the entire 
British Army ; was also a Knight of the Bath. His 
nephew, who succeeded under special remainder by 
a second patent, and who was Envoy to China and 
Viceroy of India, obtained the Earldom and Viscty. 
Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

liev. the Hon. Percy Arthur A., B.A., heir pres. to 

Earldom : b. 1839, widower. 
Lady Margaret Catherine A., 0. 1848. Res., <i Upper 

Berkeley St., W. 
Lady Elinor, now Lady E. Denison, b. 185a, mar. 1877 

Capt Wm. Evelyn D. Res., Ossington, Newark, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 


Lady Charlotte Florentta A., b. 1851. Res., with Lady 

H011. Hugh A., 2nd heir, Capt. late Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Nile Expedu. 1884-5 : b. 1856, mar. 1896 
Hon. Eleanor Clementina St. Avhyn (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh A.), dau. of 1st Bn. St. Levan. Club, 

AMHEEST (TYSSEN-), family name of fol- 
lowing Barony (see Index above). 

AMHERST of HACKNEY, Baron. William 
Amhurst Tyssen- Amherst (Tyssen pron. Tysen), 
ist Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Middx., Kt. of 
Justice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1880-92, High 
Sheriff of Norfolk 1866 : son of the late Wm. G. T. 
Daniel Tyssen, Esq. (who by licence exchanged 
the name Daniel Tyssen for Tyssen- Amhurst, his 
son by a second licence altering the spelling of 
the last syllable) ; b. April 25, 1835 ; cr. Bn. 
1892 (C.) ; mar. 1856 Margaret Susan, dau. of 
the late Adm. Eobt. Mitford, a Lady of Grace 
St. John Jerus. Seat, Didlington Hall, Brandon, 
Norfolk ; town res., 8 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Amherst of Hackney, U.K. 1892 (with 
special remainder, in default of male issue, to eld 
daughter and her issue male) 

(Tyssen- Amherst.) 
Mart Rothes Margaret, now Lady William Cecil, 
heiress pres. to Barony (by special remainder), 
Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1857, mar. 1885 
Lord Wm. C, son of 3rd M. of Exeter, q.v. (2nd 
heir, her son William Amherst C, b. 1S86.) 
Hon. Sibyl Margaret T.-A. 
Hon. Florence Margaret T.-A. 

Ladies of Justice 

Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A.) St. John Jerus. 
Hon. Alicia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Cecil, Lady of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 
Evelyn C, Esq., M.P., son of Lord Eustace Cecil, 
and ist cousin of present M. of Salisbury, lies., 
10 Eaton PL, S.W. 
Hon. Geraldinc Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drummond 
of Megginch, mar. 1890 Capt. Male. D. of M. Res., 
Megginch Castle, Errol S.O., Perthsh. 
The late Beatrice Margaret T.-A., d. i83i. 

AMOBY (HEATHCO AT-), Baronet. Sir John 
Heathcoat Heathcoat- Amor u, istBt. {U.K. 1874), 
a D.L. for Devon, an M.P. 1868-85 (£•) : son of the 
late Saml. Amory, Esq. , of Homerton and Portland 
Place, London; b. 1829, mar. 1863 Henrietta Mary, 
dau. of Wm. Unwin, Esq. ; assumed additional 
name of Heathcoat 1874. Heir, his son Ian 
Murray Heathcoat H.-A. (b. 1865; 2nd heir, 
latter's son John, b. 1894). Seat, Knightshayes 
Ct., Tiverton, Devon. 

AMOS, Capt. Herbert Gilbert Maclachlan, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late King's Own Scot. Bords., 
now 3rd Batfc. Norf. Begt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1866. Ees., St. Ibbs, Hitchin, Herts. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Et. 
Hon. Sir Bichd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
Appeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H. Holme, 
Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. Ees., Clarence 
Lodge, Tunb. Wells. 

AMPHLETT, Mai. Charles Grove, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), with 1st Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-1900, now retd. : b. 1862. Ees., Four Ashes 
Hall, nr. Stourbridge, Wore. 

AMPTHILL {pron. Amt-hill), Baron. Arthur 
Oliver Villiers -Basse/?. 2ndBn. (Z7.-K\),G.C.S.I. 
(igo4), G.C.I.E. (1900), M.A., F.B.G.S., late Gov. 
of Madras (was Acting Viceroy 1904), Maj. in 
Beds. Mil., late Priv. Sec. to Sec. of State for 
Colonies: eon ef 1st Bn. and 1st cousin of D. of 
Bedford; b. Feb. 19, 1869; sue. 1884 {L.U.) ; 
mar. 1894 Lady Margaret Lygon, C.I., dau. of 6th 

Earl Beauchamp. Seat, Milton Ernest Hall, Bed- 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. i38i.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the 9th Duke of Bedford, 
was created ist Baron after a long diplomatic service, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, b. 1896. 
Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R., 2nd heir, b. 1898. 
Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b 1901. 

Hon. R. (son), b. 1907. 

Issue of ist Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1869. ) 

Hon. Odo William Theophilus Villicrs R., a ist See. 
in Diplom. Serv., late at Berlin, prev. Vienna: 
b. 1870. 

Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R., b. 1872. 

Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers R., B.A., 

barrister-at-lawj Capt. 3rd Batt. Beds. Begt. (Mil.) 

and Assist. Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs: 

b. 1874, mar. 1905 Annora Margaret Bromley, dau. 

of the late Geo. E. Martin, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Victor 

R.). Res., 17 Hornton St., Kens., W. ; chamb., 

5 Crown Office Row, Temple, E.C. 
Hon. Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers R., Maj. 

Gren. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : twin 

with preceding, and same res. 
Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R., 

b. 1379. 

AMPTHILL, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., V.A., nee Lady Emily Theresa Villiers, 
a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen "Victoria: 
dau. of 4th E. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar. 1868 
1st Bn. Ampthill (d. 1884). Ees., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 86 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

ANCASTEE, Earl of. Gilbert Henry 
Heathcote-Drummond-Wittougliby, 1st Earl {U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. Br. 1880) ; Joint Here- 
ditary Lord Gt. Chamberlain (see note under 
" Cholmondeley, Marq."), Chmn. of Q.S. and a 

D. L. for Parts of Kesteven, and a D.L. and Co. 
Aid. for Eutland, an M.P. 1852-67 (as Hon. G. H. 
Heathcote) : son of 1st Bn. Aveland and of Bnss. 
Willoughby de Eresby; b. Oct. 1, 1830; sue. as 
2nd Bn. Aveland 1867, as 25th Bn. Willoughby 
de E. 1888, cr. Earl 1892 {€'.) ; mar. 1863 Lady 
Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of loth M. of 
Huntly ; assumed names Drummond and 
Willoughby 1872. Seats, Normanton Pk., Eut- 
land, nr. Stamford : Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne, 
Lines. ; Drummond Castle, Crieff, Perthsh. ; 
town res., 12 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Willoughby de Eresby, 1313 by 
writ. Gt. Br. : A Bt. 1733- U.K. : Bn. Aveland, 1856; 

E. of Ancaster, 1892.— The ist Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edward I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in line married the ist Bn. 
Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but the death of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
widow of the ist Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, 5th Bt., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dysart in her own right. His son, the present 
Peer, who is thus a Baron through both his father and 
mother, and grandson of a Countess, was created Earl of 
Ancaster. He is 22nd Baron Willoughby, but 25th when 
Baronesses are counted. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Heafhcote-Drmnmond- Willoughby.) 
Issue of present (ist) E.: 

Lady Evelyn Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, Order 
of Mercy : b. 18S4, mar. 1888 Maj. -Gen. Sir Henry 
Peter E., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., q,v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, new Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1866, mar. 1902 Gideon Macpberson R., Esq. 
Res., 31 Sloane Ct. West, Chelsea, S.W. 
Lord Willoughby de Eresby (pron. Berzby), heir to 
Earldom: Gilbert H.-D.-W., M.A., M.P. for Horn- 
castle Div. of Lines. (C), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 
Lines. Imp'er. Yeom. : b. i357, mar. 1903 Elois'e, dau. 

K 2 

n6 ANC 


of Peerage, 


of the late W. L. Breese, Esq., of New York. Res., 
with Earl (Crieff excepted). Issue : 

Hon. H.-D.-W. (dau.), b. 1906, heiress 

after her father to Willoughby Bny. 
Lady Nina H.-D.-W., b. 1869. 

Hon. Charles Strathavon H.-D.-W., 2nd heir (but 
not to Willoughby Bny.), Maj. Scots Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1870, mar. 1903 Lady Muriel 
Agnes Stuart Erskine, dan. of 14th E. of Buchan. 
Res., 19 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 

Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1872, mar. 1905, as 2nd husb., 
Lady Florence Astley, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyng- 
ham and widow of Bertram P. Frankland-Russell- 
Astley, Esq. Res., 21 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Lady Cecilie, now Lady Cecilie Goff, b. 1874, mar. 
1896 Clarence G., Esq. Res., Garrowroe Pk., Ros- 
common ; 46 Pont St., Belg. Sq., S.W. 

Lady Alice H.-D.-W., b. 1876. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Gtss. of Dalkousie, b. 1878, 

mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D., q.v. 
Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W., Lieut. R.N., b. 1885. 
— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Muriel H.-D.-W., see Hon. Charles above. 
Lady Florence H.-D.-W., see Hon. Claud. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. Av eland (sists. of present 
E.) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1830.) 

Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now lion. Lady Tryon, 
q.v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 1893). 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willoughby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name in 
lieu of Heathcote), b. 1838. Res., Swinstead Hall, 
Bourne, Lines. ; 4 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

ANCRAM, Earl of (Scot. 1633 and 1701) a 
title of the Lothian Marquessate, bome by the 
heir when the first-born of the family. Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian" under Creations. 

ANDERSON Baronetcy (Eng. 1660), believed extinct 
1891, but now claimed, as 10th Bt., by James S. Ander- 
son, of Gt. Yarmouth. 

ANDERSON, Bishop— see "Riverina." 

ANDERSON, Knight (1). Sir George Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1905), Treasurer and Chf. Offr. 
of Bank of Scotld. and Pres. of Inst, of Bankers 
in Scotld. : b. 1845, mar. 1870 Mary, dau. of his 
relative Alex. Anderson, Esq., of London. Res., 
Beechmount, Murrayfield S.O., Midlothn. 

ANDERSON, Knight (2). Sir John Anderson, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), M.A., Gov. of Straits Settmts. 
and of Labuan, High Commissi', for Protected 
States in Malay Renins, and of Brunei, and 
Cons.-Gen. for States of British Nth. Borneo and 
Sarawak ; has been attached to important Com- 
mssns. and Confs., was on Staff of H.R.H. the 
present Prince of Wales on his visit to the 
Colonies : b. 1858, mrrd. lies., Govt. House, 

ANDERSON, Knight (3). Sir Robert Anderson, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late 
Assist. Comniissr. Metrop. Police and head of 
Crim.Investig. Dept., author of works on theology 
and agst. Higher Criticism and Home Rule: 
b . 1 84 1 , mar . 1 873 the under-mentioned Lady A gnes 
Anderson. Res., 39 Linden Gdns., Bayswater, W. 

ANDERSON, Knight (4). Sir Robert Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1903), an Alderman of Belfast, 
High Sheriff during the visit of H.M. the King ; 
Chmn. of Sir Jno. Arnott and Co. and of Ander- 
son and M'Aulay and several other Cos., also of 
Belfast Y.M.C. A. : b. 1837, roar. 1900 Wilhelmina, 
dau. of Rev. Andrew Long. lies., Parkmount and 
Donegall PI., Belfast. 

ANDERSON, Knight (5). Sir Robert Row- 
and Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., E.R.S.E., 
E.R.I.B.A., Hon. R.S.A., architect: b. 1834, 
mar. 1863 Mary, dau. of Henry Ross, Esq. 
Res., Allermuir House, Colinton S.O., Midlothn. • 
16 Rutland Sq., Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (6). Sir Thomas 
M'Call Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1905), M.D., Regius 
Prof, of Medicine in Glasgow Univ. and late Dean 
of Med. Faculty of same, is Sen. Phys. Glasg. 
Westn. Infirmary and an Hon. Phys. to H.M. in 
Scotld., Pres. College Div. Conserv. Assoc., was 
Pres. of Med. Section of Brit. Med. Assoc. 1888, 
and Exam, in Med. and Pathol, to Brit, and 
Ind. Med. Servs. 1897-1902, an extensive med. 
author : b. 1836, mar. 1864 Margaret Richard- 
son, dau. of Alex. Ronaldson, Esq. Address, 
9 The University, Glasgow. 

ANDERSON, Knight (7). Sir William John 
Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of 
Trinidad and Tobago, prev. of Brit. Honduras, 
and a Judge in Turk's Is. and Jamaica : b. 1846, 
mar. 1871 Mary, dau. of the late S. J. Clutsam, 
Esq., M.D. 

ANDERSON, Knights' Widows. (1) Hon. 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumarez 
(dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. 
Boston, own sist. of Caroline, Lady Boston, and 
mother of present Bn.), b. 1841, mar., 1st, 1859, 
Hon. Florance Irby, who became the above 5th 
Bn. (d. 1877) ; 2ndly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. 
Anderson, K.C.B. (d. 1896). Res., Tannheim, 
Wimborne Rd . , Bournemouth, with her son-in-law 
Sir n. H. Johnston.— (2) Lady A. (Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Jos. Bareroft, Esq.), mar. 1863 
Sir Samuel L. Anderson, Crown Solic. in Ireld. 
(d. i836). Res., 74 Lower Baggot St., Dublin.— 
(3) Ladv A. (Marian, dau. of the late Thos. S. 
Heptinstall, Esq.), mar. 1867, as 2nd wife, Gen. 
Sir Horace S. Anderson, K.C.B. (d. 1907). Res., 
Seerscroft, Faygate, Horsham, Sussex. 

ANDERSON, Lady Agnes Alexandrina, 
sist. of 9th E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of 
Sir Robt. Anderson, K.C.B., Kt. 3. 

ANDERSON, Col. Charles Alexander, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 
1878-80, Burma 1885-6, and N.W. Frontier 1897-8, 
now Com. of the Ferozepur Brigade (temp. Brisr.- 
Gen.) : b. 1857. 

ANDERSON, Maj. Ernest Chester, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A.M.C., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1863. 

ANDERSON, Graham, CLE. (1894). (Not in 
Ind. Serv. List.) 

ANDERSON, Gen. Harry Cortlandt, C.B. 
(Mil. 1907), LA. ; Sutlej and Mutiny: b. 1826. 
' ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Actg. Commissr. of Derajat, prev. Dep. Com- 
missr. in Punjab : b. 1851 . Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

ANDERSON, Brig.-Surg. John, CLE. (1881), 
M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Trop. Medicine at 
St. Mary's Hosp. Med. Sch., was Med. Offr. on 
staff of M. of Ripon in India : b. 1840. Res., 
9 Harlev St., W. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. John, D.S.O. (1902), 
late Qmr. and Hon. Capt. A.S.C; S. Africa 1899- 
1903 as Lt.-Col., late with Constab. there : b. 1852. 

ANDERSON, John Gerard, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., late Under Sec. Dept. of Public Instruc- 
tion, State of Queensland : b. 1836. Res., Meri- 
vale St., South Brisbane. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Nelson Graham, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), A.S.C, S. Africa 1900: b. 1875. 

ANDERSON, Robert, C.M.G. (1903)", M.I.C.E., 
late Ch. Engr. of Uganda Govt. Rails., prev. of 
lines in Scotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Rowland James Percy, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), nth Hussars; N.W. Ind. Front, 
and Uganda, served with Tasin. Imper. Bushmen 
in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



ANDERSON, Hon. Mrs. Stuart, dau. of Bn. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), Supt. of 
Registry, Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Campbell, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), F.R.G.S., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 
4th Batt. Bord. Regt. (Mil.) ; Niger and Gold 
Coast 1896-9, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1868. lies., 
Earlywood, Windlesham, Camberley. 

(4th Class, 1906), M.B., Fell, of Med. Soc. of Lond. 
and memb. Brit. Laryngolog. and Brit. Med. 
Assocs., Hon. Surg, to the Princess Royal and 
formerly Hon. Phys. to Univ. Coll. Hosp. Lond. 
Ees., 36Harley St., W. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Robert Le Geyt, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), I.A.,retd. (1906); Egypt 1882, 
Tirah 1897, A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay 1877-8, 
late Acct.-Gen. to Mil. Dept. India : b. 1850 
Ees., The Ryelands, Stroud, Glos. 

ANDOE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Bea- 
trice Ruperta, dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, 
Esq., son of 3rd Bfc.), mar. 1880 Adm. Sir Hilary 
G. Andoe, K.C.B., of nav. serv. from 1855 (d. 
1 905) • Res., 2 Elliot Terr. , Plymouth . 

ANDOVER, Viscount (by courtesy— title, Eng. 
1622), son and heir to Suffolk and Berkshire 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Andrews, P.C. (Irel. 1903), a D.L. for 
Co. Down, Chrnn. of Down C.C. during the visit 
of H.M. the King, is also Chmn. Co. Down Rail, 
and Pres. of Ulster Lib. Un. Assoc., a flax- 
spinner : b. 1843, mar. 1870. Ees., Ardara, Comber 
S.O., Co. Down. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
William Drennan Andrews, P.C. {Irel. 1897), 
LL.D., Judge of King's Bench Div. High Ct., 
Ireld., formerly of Excbeq. and Matrimon. Divs., 
appd. Q.C. 1872: b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 
Lower Leeson St., Dublin. 

ANGEL, Capt. Thomas Lumbard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), KimberleyTn. Gd. ; Bechuanald. 1896-7, 
and S. Afr. War 1900-1. 

ANGIER, Knight. Sir Theodore Vivian 
Samuel Angier, Kt. Bach. (1904), F.R.S.S., 
mernb. of the steamship firm of Angier Bros, and 
a Dir. of Empire Steamship Assur. Assoc., Pres. 
1905 of Chamb. of Shipping of U.K., formerly 
Capt. Middx. Yeom., is Pres. Walworth L.U. 
Assoc. and Vice-Pres. Brighton Tariff Reform 
League : b. 1845, mar. 1897 Lilian Maude, dau. 
of the late Edmd. Routledge, Esq. Ees., Hill 
Crest, Dyke Rd., Brighton. 

ANGLESEY, Marquess of. Charles Henry 
Alexander Paget, 6th Marq. {U.K.) and a Bt. 
{Irel.), late Lieut. Roy. Horse Gds. : 1st cousin of 
5th Marq. , son of Lord Alex. Victor Paget, and gt. 
grandson of the Waterloo Fd.-Marshal ; b. April 
14, 1885; sue. 1905 (C); unmrrd. Seats. Beau 
Desert, Rugeley, Staffords. ; Plas Newydd, Llan- 
fairpwll S.O., Anglesey (the name "Anglesey 
Castle" is abandoned); town res., 10 Grosvenor 

Creations. Bn. Paget, Eng. 1553 by writ ; E. of 
Uxbridge, Gt. Br. 1784; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815; a 
Bt. Irel. 1730.— The 1st Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VIII. and raised to the Peerage under Edward 
VI. The 9th Bn. obtained the Uxbridge Earldom, 
he being cousin of a previous Earl of that title, which 
had subsisted 1714-69. His successor was raised to the 
Marquessate, having been greatly distinguished in the 
Peninsular War and having at Waterloo led the grand 
charge which is considered to have decided the victory ; 
he was afterwards twice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
The line of succession from 1769 has descended from Sir 

Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Bt. , who had married the heiress 
of the Paget Bny., and whose son, the above 9th Bn. 
and 1st Earl, immediately assumed the ancient family 
name. A former Earldom of Anglesey belonged to a 
distinct family— that of Villiers— and lasted 1623-60; 
this was followed in 1661 by the awarding of the same 
title to the 2nd Vise. Valentia. but it also expired as 
noticed under the latter peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 


Bro. and sists. of present (6th) M. (granted rank of 
Marq.'s issue 1906) : 
Lord Victor William P., b. 1389, heir pres. to all 
titles. (and heir to Marquessate, Earldom, and Btcy., 
his uncle Lord Berkeley P. ; to Paget Bny., Peer's 
two sists.) 

Winifred Constance Hester, Visctss. Ingesire, b. 1881, 
mar. 1904 Vise. I., heir to Shrewsbury Earldom, q.v. 
Beatrice Eleanor, The Lady Herbert, b. 1883, mar. 
1904 Lord H., M.V.O., heir to Pembroke and M. 
Earldom, q.v. 

Surviving issue of 2nd M. (uncle and aunt of pres.): 


The late 3rd Marquess, b. 1821, d. 1880, childless.) 


(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1835, d. 1898. Son : 

The late 5th Marquess, b. 1873, d. 1905 childless.) 
Lord Berkeley Charles Sydney P., formerly Hon. Maj. 
Staffordsh. Yeomanry, b. 1844, mar. 1877 Florence 
(Lady Berkeley P.), dau. of the late Wm. H. Chet- 
wynd, Esq., son of 2nd Bt. Res., 11 Upper Wim- 

— Dau.-in-law (mother of present M.) : 

Lady Alexander P. (nde Hon. Hester Alice Stapleton- 
Cotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. Combermere, b. 1851, mar. 
1880 the late Lord Alexander Victor P. (d. 1896). 
Res., with her son : 
Present Marquess, b. 1883. 

Daus.-in-law of 1st M. (gt. aunts of present) : 
(The late and Marquess, b. 1797, d. 1869.) 
Lady Alfred P. (Cecilia, dau. of Geo. T. Wyndham, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Gen. Lord Alfred Henry 
P., C.B. (d. 1888). Res., Upper Lodge, Bushey Pk., 
Teddington ; 56 Queen Anne St., W. 
Lady George Augustus, now by 2nd mrrge. (1881) 
Louisa, Ctss. of Essex, q.v. (mar., 1st, 1861, Gen. 
Lord Geo. A. Fredk. P., K.C.B., who died 1880). 
ANGLESEY, Marquesses' Widows. (1) 
Dowager Marchioness of A. (Mary Living- 
stone, dau. of J. P. King, Esq., of Georgia, 
U.S.A., and widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), 
mar. 1880, as 3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 
1898) . Ees., 7 Rue de l'Ermitage, Versailles.— (2) 
Marchioness of A. (Lilian Florence Maud, 
dau. of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the 
Mchss. of Hastings), mar. 1898 5th Marq. (d. 
1 9°5)- Res., 7 Ovington Gdns., S.W. 

ANGUS, Earl of {Scot. 1389)— see "Hamil- 
ton. D. of." 

ANGUS, Knight. Sir William Angus, Kt. 
Bach, (ic.07), formerly Pres. of Newcastle-on- 
Tyne Lib. Assoc., is connected with several edu- 
cational Insts. at Tyneside : b. 18—. 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 1st New- 
castle-on-Tyne R.G.A. Vols, and Provincial Gd. 
Mark Master Mason for N'thumb. and Dur- 
ham : b. 1851. Ees., The Cottage, Old Benwell, 
Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Shipcote, Newbiggin-by- 
the-Sea S.O., N'thumbd. 
ANHALT— see Royal Family. 
ANLEY, Capt. Barnett Dyer Lempriere 
Gray, D.S.O. (1900-1), Essex Regt.; with 6th Batt. 
Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1873. 

ANN, Knight. Sir Edwin Thomas Ann, Kfc. 
Bach. (1906), Mayor of Derby in year of promo- 
tion, head of the Midld. Drapery Co. : b. 1852. 
Ees., Derby. 

1 1 8 ANN" Directory 

ANNALY, Bason. Luke White, 3rd Bn. 
{U.K.), a D.L. for Cos. Northants. and Longford, 
late Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Northants. 
Imper. Yeom., formerly Capt. in Scots Gds., 
served in Egypt 1882 : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. Feb. 25, 
1857 ; sue. 1888 {L. 77.) ; mar. 1884 the Hon. Lilah 
Georgiana Augusta Constance Aaar-EUis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Clifden. Seats, Gowran S.O., Co. Kil- 
kenny ; Holdenby House, Northampton ; Lut- 
trellstown, Clonsilla S.O., Co. Dublin {Jet); town 
res., 43 Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.K. 1863.— The 1st Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
Lieutenant of latter. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Luke Henry IF, heir to Barony, 2nd Lieut, 
nth Hussars: b. 1885. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 
Charles James.) 
Hon. Liiah Charlotte Sarah IF, b. 1889. 
Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret IF., b. i8qo. 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Ellen, now Ellen, Lady IncMquiniq.v. Widow), 

b. 1854, mar. 1874 14th Bn. I. (d. 1900). 
Hon. Alice Emily, now Vctss. Coke, b. 1855, mar. 

1879 Vise. C, see " Leicester, 2nd E." 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Charles James JF, formerly Capt. Royal 
Fusiliers and Ch. Commissr. of Police in Rhodesia, 
served in Matabele Campaigns of 1893 and 1896 : 
b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelyn, dau. of the late J. B. 
Bulkeley-Johnson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles IF.). 
Club, Nav. and Mil. 

Hon. Robert IF, late Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus., and 
Staff Offr. in Rhodesia Horse, served in Nile 
Expedn. 1884-5 and in S. Africa 1900, and took 
part, together with his deceased bro. Hon. Henry 
Freda, in the Jameson Raid (sentenced to seven 
months' imprisonment) : b. 1S61. lies., 16 Stratton 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

Hon. Violet, now Lady Percy St. Maur, b. 1869, mar. 
1899 the late Lord P^rcy St. M., son of the 14th I). 
of Somerset (q.v. ). 

Hon. Francis William IF, b. 1873. 
Surviving dau. of 1st Bn. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1829, d. 1888.) 

Hon. Emilie Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 
1844, mar. 1867 2nd Bn. E., q.v. 

ANNALY, Baron's "Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Emily, dau. of Jas. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1853 2nd Bn. Annaly (d. 1888). Res., The Red 
House, Holkham, Wells S.O., Norfolk ; 22 
Grosvenor St., W. 

ANNESLEY, family name of Annesley Earl- 
dom and Valentia Viscounty. Index to the two 
lines : 

Hn. Algern.S.A. v.Ly. Clare, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 

Hn. Altisidora, v. Ly. Constance, a. Hn. Lettice, v. 
Hn. Arthur, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Sydney A. v. 
Hn. Mrs. Arthur,A.Hon.Mrs.Fras.sep. Hn. Victoria, v. 
Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hn. Violet, v. 

ANNESLEY {pron. Annezly), Earl. Hugh 
Annesley, 5th Earl {lrel.), an Irish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1877), B.A., a D.L. for Co. Down, an M.P. 
1857-74 (as Hon. H. Annesley), formerly Lt.-Col. 
Scots Gds., served in Kaffir War of 1851-3 and in 
Crimea : son of 3rd E. and bro. of 4th; b. Jan. 
26, 1831 ; sue. 1874 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1877, the late 
Mabel Wilhelmina Frances, dau. of Col. Wm. T. 
Markham (she died 1891); 2ndly, 1892, Priscilla 
Cecilia, dau. of the late Wm. Armitage Moore, 
Esq. Seats, Castlewellan S.O., and Donard Lodge, 
Newcastle S.O., both Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewellan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Glerawly (q.v.) 1766; Earl Annesley, 1789.— The 1st 

of Peerage, ANS 

Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yorks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5^) E. : 


Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Sowerby, b. 1881, mar. 1904 Lieut. Gerald S., R.N. 

Vise. Glerawly, heir to Earldom: Francis A., b. 
1884. (2nd heir, his 1st cousin Walter Beresf ord A . , 
b. 1861.) 


Lady Clare A., b. 1893. 

Lady Constance Mary A., b. 1395. 

Dau.-in-law of yd E. (sist.-in-law of present) : 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1830, d. unmrrd. 1874.) 
[Present Earl, b. 1831.) 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston, Esq.). mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. 
Arth. A. Id. 1881). 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Francis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. Newborough. 

ANNESLEY. Maj. James Howard Adolphus, 
D.S.O. (1900-1),' Maj. 6thDrgn. Gds., now Brig. - 
Maj. Bangalore; Tirah 1897-8. S. Africa 1900-1 : 
b. 1808 (descendant of 2nd Earl). lies., Secun- 

ANNESLEY, Maj. William Richard Norton, 

D. S.O. (1886), late Roy. W. Kent Regt. ; Egypt 
1886: b. 1863 (descendant of 2nd Earl and 1st 
cousin of preceding) . 

Gen. Sir Arthur LiYttelton Lyttelton- Annesley, 
K.C.V.O. (1903) , E.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.Soc.Arts, Col. 
11th Hussars, served in Crimea and has been 
A.A.G. at Headqrs., A.G. at Bombay, and comdg. 
in Seotld., ret. 1898 : b. 1837, assumed name of 
Lyttelton by licence 1884. Res., Templemere, 
Weybridge, Surrey. 

ANSELL, William James David, I.S.O. 
(1907), Coll. of Customs, Larnaca, Cyprus. 

ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons.," see also below. 

ANSON, Baronet. Sir William Reynell 
Anson, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), D.C.L., L.L.D., M.P. 
for Oxford Univ. {L.U.), late Pari. Sec. to Bd. of 
Education, barrister-at-law, Chmn. Oxfordsh. 
Q.S., Warden of All Souls Coll., andChanc. of the 
Diocese of Oxford, a Trustee of Nat. Portr. 
Gall., late Vice-Chanc. of the Univ. and for- 
merly Vinerian Reader in Civ. and Engl. Law : 
son of 2nd Btt, b. 1843, sue. 1873. Heir pres., 
his bro. Frederick Arthur (b. 1850 ; 2nd heir, 
latter'sson Denis George William, b. 1888). Seat, 
Birch Hall, Manchester ; res., All Souls Coll., 
Oxford ; Pusey, Faringdon, Berks. ; 192 Ashley 
Gdns., Westmr., S.W. ; chamb., 1 Brick Ct., 
Temple. E.G. 

ANSON, Bishop {retired). Rt. Rev. Hon. 
Adelbert John Robert Anson, D.D., 1st Bp. 
of OuAppelle (Assiniboia, Canada, 1884-92), was 
Warden of St. John's Hosp. Lichfield 1893-8, now 
Chanc. and a Canon of that Cathedral : son of 1st 

E. of Lichfield, b. 1840, cons. 1884. Res., The 
Close, Lichfield.. 

ANSON, Knight. Maj.-Gen. Sir Archibald 
Edward Harbord Anson, K.C.M.G. (1882), R.A. 
retd. (1879), served in Crimea and Malay Penins., 
and has three times administered Govt, of Straits 
Settmts., was Insp.-Gen. of Police at Mauritius 
1858-67 and Lt.-Gov. of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1826 
(son of 1st Bt. in above line) , mar. 1906, 2nd wife, 
Isabelle Jane, dau. of the late Robt. Armitstead, 
Esq. Res., Southfield, Silverhill, St. Leonards- 


Baronetage, Knightage, &e. 



ANSON, Viscount (by courtesy— -title U.K. 
1806), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 
Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absorbed 
in the Lichfield Earldom. 

ANSON, Hons. Mrs. Algernon and Mrs. 
Frederick, daus. respectively of 6th and 5th 
Bns. Vernon. 

ANSON, Capt. Charles Eustace, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1901), B.N., Egypt 1882, now conidg. 
H.M.S. ' Argyll : ' b. 1859 (grandson of 5th Bn. 
Vemon). Res., Needwood, The Avenue, Bourne- 

ANSTICE, Col. John Arthur, C.B. (Civ. 1904), 
V.D., M.A., Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) 
1st Vol. Batt. Shropsh. L.I., a D.L. and C.C. for 
the Co., several times Mayor of Wenlock : b. 1846. 
Res., The Old Grange, Dymock, Gloucester. 

ANSTICE, Col. Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), M.A., Lt.-Col. (retd.) and Hon. Col. 1st 
Aberdeensh. Vol. RE. : b. 1843 (elder bro. of 
preceding). Res., Westbourne House, Ferryhill, 

ANSTRUT HER (pron. An'struther; place 
locally called Anster), Baronet. Sir Ralph 
William Anstruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskie {Scot. 
1694), a D.L. for Caithness and Fifesh., Lt.-Col. 
Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Vol. Batt. Black 
"Watch, formerly Capt. R.E., has served in 
Egypt and Bechuanaland : son of 5th Bt., b. 
1858, sue. i885, mar. same year Mildred Harriet, 
dau. of the late Edwd Hussey, Esq. Heir, his 
son Robert Edward (b. 1890 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Henry Torrens, b. i860). Seats, Balcaskie, Pitten- 
weem S.O., Eifesh. ; Watten S.O., Caithness. 

ANSTRUTHER, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady A. (Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. Win. K. 
Marshall, D.D.), mar. 1857 Sir Robt. Anstruther, 
5th Bt. (d. 1886). Mes., Hook Heath, Woking, 

ANSTRUTHER, Col. Charles Frederick St. 
Clair, M.V.O. (4th Class 1905), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
2nd Life Gds., retd. (1907) ; S. Africa 1900 : b. 1855 
(ne Anstruther -Thomson). lies., Charleton, 
Colinsburgh S.O., Fifesh. ; Rutland House, 
Rutld. Gdns., S.W. 

ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 
4th Bn. Sudeley. 

ANSTRUTHER, Capt. Robert Hamilton, 
C.M.G. (1907), R.N., Sen. Nav. Offr. at New- 

Sir Windham Frederick Carmichael-Anstruther, 
11th Bt. of Anstruther (Scot. 1700) and 7th of 
Carmichael ( Gt. Br. 1798). Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Scotld. : son of 10th Bt., 
b. 1902, sue. 1903. Heir, his 1st cousin once 
removed, Gerald Yorke G.-A. (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Windham Eric Francis, b. 
1900). Seat, Carmichael House, Thaiikerton S.O., 

Widow. Lady C.-A., now Hon. Mrs. Algernon 
Hanbury-Tracy (Sylvia, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Darley, G.C.M.G.), mar., 1st, 1901, Sir Windham 
Robt. Carmichael-Anstruther, 10th Bt. (d. 1903) ; 
2ndly, 1905, Hon. A. Hanbury-Tracy, C.M.G., 
q.v. (under "Sudelev"). 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. Fitz- 
Roy, dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe. 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. James, 
dau. of 7th Vise. Chetwynd. 

ANTICHAMP (or -chan)— see " Autichamp." 

ANTIGUA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Farrar, D.D., 6th Bp., late Acting Princ. of 

Theolog. Coll. Kingston, Jamaica, and Reet. of 
Hawkchurch, Dorset : b. 18—. Ees., Bishop's 
Lodge, Antigua. 

ANTILL, Col. John MacquariE, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Rifles; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, now on Staff of Austral. Commonweal tlx 
Forces and Ch. Instr. of Mtd. Troops in N.S.W. : 
b. 1866. Res., Victoria Barracks, Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl op. William Randal 
McDonnell, 11th Earl (Irel., 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly Lieut. Tyrone 
Fusiliers : son of 10th (5th) E. ; b. Jan. 8, 1851 ; 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 Louisa Jane, V.A., dau. of 
the late Gen. Hon. Chas. Grey and a Lady of 
the Bedchamber to H.M. the Queen. Seat, 
Glenarm Castle, Glenarm S.O., Co. Antrim. 

Creation. E. of Antrim, and Vise. Dunluce, Irel., new 
patent 1785 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John, Lord of the Isles, 
who married a daughter of King Robert II. His de- 
scendants, however, were more than once in rebellion, 
and after the execution of one of them, with four of his 
six sons, in 1494, the two surviving sons fled to Ireland, 
but returned later on, and in 1529 " ravaged the lands of 
the Campbells with fire and sword" ('Burke'). The 
next representative of the family was at war with both 
the Irish and English, but became possessed of lands in 
Ireland and eventually settled down as a faithful sub- 
ject of Queen Elizabeth. He was made a free citizen 
of Ireland, and married the daughter of the Earl of 
Tyrone. His son Sir Randal MacSorley McDonnell 
obtained the Peerage. The 6th Earl, having no male 
issue, procured the right of succession for his daughters 
and their male issue, so that there was never any 
interruption in the line : the present Earl is therefore 
actually the nth, though holding his title from a 
patent under which he is only the 6th. The 2nd Earl of 
the original creation was promoted to be Marq. of 
Antrim, but that title expired upon the death of the 
6th, not being included in the extended l-emainder to 
daughters. The 2nd of these married Lord Mark Robert 
Kerr, but her son, on succeeding as 9th Earl, resumed 
the former name of McDonnell. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (ttih) E. : 

Lady Sibyl Mary, now Lady S. Smith, b. 1876, mar. 
1897 Vivian Hugh S., Esq. Res., Rolls Pk, Chig- 
well S.O., Essex. 
Vise. Dunluce, heir to Earldom : Randal Mark Kerr 
McD.. b. 1878, mar. 1904 Margaret Isabel, dau. of 
Rt. Hon. J. G. Talbot, M.P., grandson of 2nd Earl 
Talbot. Res., Walney Old Vicarage, Barrow-in- 

Hon. Angus MeD. s 2nd heir, b. 1881. 
Surviving issue of lQtJi E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Hon. Mark Henry Horace McD., formerly Lieut. 

Roy. Irish Regt, b. 1852, mar. 1892 Emily Fanny 

Dorothy, dau. of Sir Geo. R. Osborn, 6th Bt. 

(Hon. »Irs. Horace McD. ). 
Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady C. Bertie, b. 1853, 

man 1881 Rev. the Hon. Alberie Edwd. B., son of 

6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. 
Hon. Alexander McD., a clerk in House of Lords, b. 

1857. Res., 6 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. 1858, 

mar. 1878 Henry Chas. Esq., gt. nephew of 12th 

D. of Norfolk. Res., Greystoke Castle, Greystoke 

S.O., Cumbd. 
Lady Evelyn McD., b. i85o. 

Hon. Sir Schomberg Kerr McD., K.C.B., b. i36i, see 

" McDonnell, Kt. 1." 
Lady Jane Grey, now The Lady Clinton, b. 1863, mar. 

1886 Hon. Chas. Jno. Robt. H.-S.-F.-Trefusis, now 

21st Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. (" Nina ") Balfour, b. i83s, 

mar. 1888 Chas. Barrington B., Esq., M.P. Res., 

Newton Don, Kelso, Roxburghsh. ; Balfour House, 

Balgonie, Markinch, Fifesh. ; 14 Grosvenor Crese. , 


Dau. ofgth E. (1st cousin of present) : 

Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see " Mac Gregor, Bt.'s 



i2o ANT Directory of Peerage, 

Dau.-in-laiv of Ctss. 8th in line (being aunt of 
present E,)— surname Kerr: 

(The late 9th Earl, b, 1S12, d, 1855.) 

(The late 10th Earl, b. 1814, d. 1869.) 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur Kerr (Agnes Steuart, dau. of J. 
H. Prankland, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg K. (d. 1856). Res.. Eashing Pk., 
Godalming; 5 Beaufort Gdns., Brompton Rd., S.W. 

ANTRORUS, Baronet. Col. Sir Edmund 
Antrobus, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1815), formerly comdg. 
3rd Batt. Gren. Gds., served in Suakin Expedn. 
1885, ret. 1903 : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1899, 
mar. 1886 Florence, dau. of the late Capt. Jules 
A. Sartoris. Heir, his son Edmund (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Cosmo Gordon, b. 1859). Seat, 
Amesbury Abbey, Salisbury. 

ANTROBUS, Reginald Laurence, C.B. (Civ. 
1898), B.A., an Assist. Under Sec. in Colon. 
Office, admind. Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has 
been Priv. Sec. to four For. Sees. : b. 1853. Bes., 
19 Cranley Gdns., S. Kens. S.W 

AOSTA, Duke d' (Duca, Italy 1238: d' = di). 
H.R.H. Prince Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio 
Eugenio Geneva Giuseppe Maria, K.G. (1902), 
1st cousin of the King of Italy: b. 1869 (at 
Geneva), mar. (at Kingston) 1895 H.R.H. Prss. 
Helene d' Orleans. Res., Castello di Mandria, 

APCAR, Apcar Alexander, C.S.I. ('1905), 
Pres. of Bengal Chamb. of Comm. and an Addit. 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy: b. 1851. Res., 

APLIN, Maj. John George Orlebar, 
C.M.G. (1899), Insp.-Gen. of Lagos Constab., late 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. D. of Cornwall's 
L.I. (Mil.). Res., Lagos, W. Africa. 

APLIN, Col. Philip John Hanham, D.S.O. 
(1904), I.A., Afghn. 1879-1880, Burma 1885-9, 
Somalild. 1903-4: b. 1859. 

APPELBE, Col. Edward Benjamin. C.B. (Mil. 
1902), Assist. Dir. of Ordn. Stores at Woolwich ; 
Zululd., Soudan 1884-5 and 1888-9, and S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1855. Res., East Mascalls, Old 
Charlton S.O., Kent. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), late Priv. Sec. to Marq. of London- 
derry, formerly Capt. and Hon. Maj. Mont<?om. 
Imper. Yeom. : b. 1846. Res., South End, Durham. 

APPERLY, Knight. Sir Alfred Apperly, 
Kt. Bach. (1907), a leading Liberal in the Stroud 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
Accountant in Scotch Educn. Dept.: b. 1857. 

APPLEYARD, Maj .-Gen. Frederick Ernest, 
C.B. (Mil. 1875), Burma 1852, Crimea, and Afghn. 
1878-9, ret. 1884 as Hon. Maj .-Gen. : b. 1829. 
Res., Tarakai, Surbiton, Surrey. 

APPLIN, Capt. Reginald Vincent Kempen- 
feldt, D.S.O. (1902), 14th Hussars; opera- 
tions in India 1894 &c. and S. Africa 1900-2, 
late a D.A.A.G. for Musketry : b. 1869. 

APPS, Engr.-Com. William Richard, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), R.N., Gambia 1894 and 1901, 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862. 

APSLEY, Loud {by courtesy— title Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), eld. son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 

ARBUCKLE, Knight. Hon. Sir William 
Arbuchle, Kt. Bach. (1902), Agent-Gen. for Natal 
in London and Chmn. of several Commssns. and 
Cmttees., late Pres. Leg. Counc, Colon. Treas., 
&c. (title " Hon." to be retained), five times Mayor 
of Durban : b. 1839, mar. 1865 Henrietta, dau. of 
Hy . Shire, Esq . Bes. , 206 Ashley Gdns. , Westmr. , 
S.W., and 26 Victoria St., S.W. 


ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Sir Robert Keith 
Arbuthnot, tfh. Bt. {U.K. 1823), M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), comdg. H.M.S. 'Hampshire:' son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1864, sue. 1889, mar. 1897 Lina, dau. 
of Col. Alex. C. Macleay, C.B. Heir, his son 
(b. igo6 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ma j . Dalryrnple A., 
b. 1867). Bes., 105 Cadogan Gdns., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight. Sir George Gougii 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), partner in a merchant 
and banking firm at Madras and an M.L'.C : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Isabella, 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Richd. C. Boyle (son of 
8th E. of Cork). Bes., 4 Grosvenor Cresc, Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady 
A. (Caroline Charlotte, dau. of Wm. Clarke, Esq., 
M.D., of Barbados), mar. 1868 Gen. Sir Chas. G. 
Arbuthnot, G.C.B. (d. 1899). Bes., 37 Castletown 
Rd., W. Kens., W. — (2) Lady A. (Constance 
Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 3rd Bt.), 
mar. 1899, as 2nd wife, Sir Alex. J. Arbuthnot, 
K. C.S.I, (d. 1907). Bes., Newtown House, New- 
bury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Maj .-Gen. Henry Thomas, 
C.B. (Mil. 1907), Col. and Hon. Maj. -Gen. retd. 
(1887), Crimea and Mutiny: b. 1834. 

ARBUTHNOT, Capt. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1902), Scots Gds.; S. Africa 1900-1, 
late A.D.C. to Gov. of Hong Kong: b. 1875, gt. 
grandson of 2nd Bt. 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty when a son. 

ARBUTHNOTT {pron. Ar'buthnot), Viscount. 
David Arbuthnott, 11th Vise. {Scot.) : son of 
9th V. and bro. of 10th ; b. Jan. 29, 1845 5 sue. 
1895; unmrrd. Seat, Arbuthnott House, Fordoun, 

Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. 
1641.— The 1st Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 
Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of gth V. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 

1838, mar. 1864 the late Alex. S., Esq. (d. 1901). 

Res., Campfield, Glassel S.O., Aberdnsh. 
(The late 10th Viscount, h. 1843, d. childless 1895.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1843.) 

Hon. William A., heir pres. to Viscty., late R.A.: 
b. 1849. Res., with Peer. (2nd heir, his 1st cousin 
Lt.-Col. Walter Charles Warner A., b. 1847.) 

Hon. Margaret A., b. 1854. Res., Bridge-of-Allan, 

Dau. of 8th V. (aunt of present) : 
(The late gth Viscount, b. 1806, d, 1891.) 
Hon. Anne Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Cbcape, 
b. 1813, mar. 1847 the late Alex. C, Esq. (d. 1892). 
Res., Lathockar, nr. St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

— Daus. -in-law: 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh A. (Susannah Morrison, dau. of 
the late Juo. Campbell, Esq.), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. 1866). Res., Downside, 
Otley Rd., Harrogate. 

Hon. Mrs. David A. (Eliza, dau. of Thos. P. 
Reynolds, Esq.), mar. 1S47 the late Hon. David A., 
C.S.I, (d. 1901). Re8., Pairlawn, Paignton, Devon. 

ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), a Commissr. in Assam (Surma Valley) : b. 
1858 (grandson of 8th Vise). 

ARCHDALE, Col. Hugh James, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Lines. Eegt. ; Soudan 1885, Burma 

ARC Baronetage, Knightage, &c. AEG 

1886-7, S. Africa 1899-1902, now comdg. N. 
Midld. Grouped Dist. as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 1854. 
Address-, Lichfield. 

ARCHDALE, Capt. Theodore Montgomery, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1901: b. 

\ ARCHDALL, Bishop— see " Killaloe." 

ARCHER, Maj. Charles, CLE. (1905), LA., 
Polit. Agent and Dep. Commissr. of Quetta and 
Pishui: b. 1861. Bes., Quetta, Baluchistan. 

ARCHER, William John, C.M.G. (1902), 
Counc. of Siamese Legat. in London, formerly 
Judge of H.M.'s Court for Siam and Acting Cons, 
at Rio Grande do Sul, now a Judge of Mixed Ct. 
of First Instance, Egypt: b. 1861. Bes., 23 Ash- 
bum PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

ARCHIBALD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. Burnyeat), 
mar. 1843 Sir Adams G. Archibald, K.C.M.G., 
Ch.Sec. &c. for Nova Scotia (d. 1892). Bes., The 
Cottage, Truro, Nova Scotia. 

ARDAGH, Bishop of — see " Kilmore." 

ARDAGH, Capt. George Hutchings, D.S.O. 
(1902), late 9th Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 
1901 ; b. 1861. Bes., Shorthands, Staines, Middx. 

ARDEE, Lord (by courtesy— title, Bn. A., Irel. 
1616), eld. son and heir of E. of Meath. 

ARDEN, Baron (Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
"Egmont, E. of." 

name in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise Baillie-Hamilton. • 

ARDFERT, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

ARDILAUN, Baron. Arthur Edward 
Guinness, 1st Bn. (U.K.) and a Bt., M.A., 
LL.D., a D.L. for Cos. Galway and Kerry and 
Co. and City of Dublin, an M.P. 1868-9 and 
1874-80: son of Sir Benj. L. Guinness, 1st Bt., 
M.P. ; b. Nov. x, 1840 ; sue. as 2nd Bt. 1868, 
cr. Bn. 1880 (C.) ; mar. 1871 Lady Olivia Charlotte 
White, dau. of 3rd E. of Bantry. Heir, to Peerage 
none; to Baronetcy his nephew Algernon 
Arthur St. Lawrence Lee G. (b. 1883 ; 2nd 
heir, ratter's bro. Kenelm Edward Lee, b. 1887). 
Seats, Ashford, Co. Galway, Cong S.O. ; St. 
Anne's, Clontarf , Dublin ; Muckross, Killamey ; 
The Castle, Macroom, Cork ; town res., 11 Carlton 
House Terr., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1867 ; Bn. Ardilaun, i83o.— 
No issue. Vise. Iveagh is his younger brother. The 1st 
Bt. had restored the half-ruined Cathedral of St. Patrick 
at his own cost, and was for this liberality permitted to 
bear supporters in his coat of arms. 

ARDRON, John, C.B. (Civ. 1906), A.M.I.E.E., 
late an Assist. Sec. to Sec. of G.P.O.: b. 1843. Club, 
Roy. Socs. 

ARDROSSAN, Baron (U.K. 1806)— see 
"Eglinton and Winton, E. of." 

ARDWALL, Lord (of Session). Andrew 
Jameson, M.A., LL.D., formerly Sheriff of Cos. 
Roxburgh, Berwick, and Selkirk, then of Ross, 
Cromarty, and Sutberld., and lastly of Perth ; 
appd. Q.C. 1897, a Lord of Session with title 
Hon. Lord Ardwall 1905 : b. 1845, mar. 1875 Chris- 
tian Robison (Lady Ardwall), dau. of Jno. Gordon 
Brown, Esq. Bes., Ardwall, Gatehouse, Kirk- 
cudbt. ; 14 Moray PL, Edinburgh. 

ARGYLL, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie, D.D., Bp. of Argyll and the Isles, late 
Exam. Chapl. to Bp. of Brechin and Rect. of St. 
Paul, Dundee (Provost 1905), formerly Curate of 

St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol: b. 18—, cons. 1906. 
Bes. b Dundee. Bes., Alltshellach, Onich S.O., 

ARGYLL, Duke of. John Douglas Suther- 
land Campbell, 9th Duke (Scot., 2nd of U.K.), 
K.T.(i87i),P.C. (Gt. Br. 1875), G.C.M.G. (1878), 
G.C.V.O. ( 1901 ) and has Vietn. Chain, V.D., LL.D.; 
Heritable Master of H.M.'s Househd. in Scotland, 
Keeper of Dunstaffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick 
Castles, and Keeper of the Great Seal of Scot- 
land, Lord Lieut, and Hered. High Sheriff of 
Argyllshire, Admiral of the Western Isles, a 
D.L. for Dumbartonsh. , and Gov. of Windsor 
Castle, Chanc. of Order of St. Mich, and St. 
George, formerly Gov.- Gen. of Canada, is Hon. 
Col. 1st Argyll and Bute Vol. ArtilL, of 7th Middx. 
Rifle Vols. (Lond. Scott.), of 5th Vol. Batt. Highld. 
L.I., of 6th Batt. Lanes. Fus. (Mil.), of 5th Vol. 
Batt. Arg. and Suthd. Highldrs., and of Argyll 
L.I. (15th Canad. L.I.) ; an M.P. 1868-78 and 1895- 
1900 ; head of the house and clan of Campbell : son 
of 8th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1845 ; sue. 1900 (L. U.) ; mar. 
1871 H.R.H. the Princess Louise (see Roy. Fam.). 
Seat, Roseneath House, Roseneath S O., Dum- 
bartonsh.;* town res., Kensington Palace, W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 1445 ; E. of Argyll, 1457 ; 
Ld. Lorne, 1470 ; D. of Argyll, M. of Lorne(Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E.of Campbell and Cowall, V.of Lochow and Glenyla, 
and Ld. of Inveraray, Mull, Morvern. and Tirie, 1701. Gt. 
Br. : Bn. Sundridge, 1766, and Bn. Hamilton of Hamel- 
don, 1776. U.K. : D. of Argyll, 1892.— Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, who was knighted in 1280 by 
Alexander III., was called by the Gaelic title Mac 
Callum M6r— i.e., Mac Callum the Great (his father 
was called Cailin Mor, and the two similar forms have 
been confused and led to several variations). This chief 
was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
Colin's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
Bruces, and came to be created successively Lords 
Campbell and Earls of Argyll. The 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The 8th received the 
title of Marq. of Argyll, but it died with him, he being 
executed, with the instrument termed " theMaiden,"for 
having supported Cromwell. The 9th was sentenced to 
the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
the train of his step-daughter, butwas taken in an attempt 
to invade Scotland, and the previous sentence was then 
carried into effect. The icch Earl was created a Duke in 
the Peerage of Scotland, and the late 8th Duke nearly 
two centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom. The 
British title of Bn. Sundridge was awarded to the 5th 
Duke, and his wife was shortly afterwards made Bnss. 
Hamilton of Hameldon in Leicestershire. 

* His Grace writes this county " Dumbarton." That 
form may be the original, but it is clearly gone out of 
use as we do not find it recognised in either the Censup 
"Returns, the Postal Guide, or Oliver and Boyd's Almanac, 
though Keith Johnston's Gazetteer gives "Dumbarton 
or Dunbarton." 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 184s.) 

Lord Archibald C, neir pres. to Dukedom, a D.L. 
for Argyllsh., a senior partner in the bank of 
Coutts and Co., formerly Capt. 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. 
and Suthd. Highldrs. : b. 1846, mar. 1869 Janey 
Sevilla, dau. of the late Jas. H. Callander, Esq. 
(Lady Archibald C). Res., Coombe Hill Farm, 
Kingston-on-Thames ; 14 Hill St., Knightsbridge, 
S.W. (2nd heir, his son Niall Diarmaid, b. 1872.) 

Lady Edith, now Dchss. of Northumberland, b. 1849, 
mar. 1868 Earl Percy, now 7th Duke of N., q.v. 

Lora George Granville C, Lieut. R.N. retired, b. 1850, 
mar. 1879 Sibyl Lascelles. dau. of the late Jas. B. 
Alexander, Esq. (Lady George C. ). Res., Inveraray 
Castle, Argyllsh.; 2 Bryanston Sq., W. 

Lady Victoria C, b. 1854. Res., The Lodge, Tiree, 
Oban, Argyllsh. 

12 2 ARG Directory 

Lady Evelyn, now Lady E. Baillie-Hamilton, b. 1855, 

mar. 1886 James B.-H., Esq. (descendt. of 6th E. of 

Lady Trances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. i8g3, mar. 

1879 Col. Eustace J. Anth. B., A.D.C. Res., 32 

Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Lady Mary Emma, now Lady M. Glyn, b. 1859, mar. 

1882 lit. Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr G., Bp. of 

Peterborough, q.v. 
Lady Constance Harriet, now Lady Const. Emmott, 

b. 1864, mar. 1891 Chas. E., Esq.. Res,, Thorpe Hall, 

Winston, Darlington. 
— Dau. -in-law: 

Lady Colin 0. (Gertrude Elizabeth, dau. of the late 

Edmd. M. Blood, Esq.), mar. 1881 the late Lord 

Colin C. (b. 1853), but obtd. judic. sep. 1884 (he died 

1895). Res., 67 Carlisle Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 

ARGYLL, Duke's Widow. Ina, Duchess 
op A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine. dau. of the 
late Archibald M'Neill, Esq., W.S., of Colon- 
say), formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman 
and Sec. to Queen Victoria : mar. 1895, as 3rd 
wife, 8th D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.S., an 
eminent statesman, orator, and scientist (d. 1900). 
Res., Macharioch, Campbeltown, Argyllsh. 

ARISUGAWA, H.I.H. Prince Taktiiito, of 
Japan, G-.C.B. (Hon. Civ. 1902, Hon. Mil. 1905), 
b. 1862, mar. 1880. 

ARKLOW, Baron — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of " ( U.K. 1881, Roy. Fam.) and " Ormonde, 
M. of" {llrel. 1302— a traditional title). 

ARK WRIGHT , Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. [of 
3rd Bn. Kenyon. 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mary Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON and EUSTON, Earl of (1672)— see 
" Grafton, D. of." 

ARMAGH, Archbishop of. His Grace the 
Most Rev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
L.L.D., D.Litt., 110th Abp. of Armagh and Pri- 
mate of All Ireland, formerly Dean of Emly : b. 
April 13, 1824, widower, cons. Bp. of Deny and 
Raphoe 1867, transl. to Armagh 1896. Is the only 
surviving Irish Prelate who was consecrated prior 
to Disestablishment. Ees., The Palace, Armagh. 

*#* The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Clogher, Derry, Down, Kilmore, Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Earl of {by courtesy— -title, Irel. 
1799), elder son and heir of H.R.H. Duke of Cum- 
berland (Roy. Family). 

ARMBRISTER, William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1907), Pres. Legist. Counc. and an M.E.C. 

ARMITAGE, Capt. Cecil Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1901), 3rd Batt. S. Wales Borderers (Mil.); 
Ashanti 1900, serving as Travelling Commissr. 
Gold Coast : b. 1869. Res., 16 Maddox St., W. 

ARMITAGE, Rev. Robert, D.S.O. (1902), 
M.A., Chapl. to Forces (1st class) in S. Africa 
1899-1502, prev. in Barbados, now at Cairo: b. 1857. 

ARMITSTEAD, Baron. George Armitstead, 
1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Forfarsh. and Co. of 
City of Dundee, late a merchant in London and 
Dundee, twice an M.P. : son of the late Geo. 
Armitstead, Esq., of Easingwold and Riga; b. 
Feb. 28, 1824; cr. Bn. 1906 (/>.); mar. 1848 
Jane Elizabeth, dau. of Edwd. Baxter, Esq. No 
heir or other issue. Res., Butterstone House, 
Dunkeld, Perthsh. ; 4 Cleveland Sq., St. James's, 

Creation. U.K.: Bn. Armitstead, 1906. 

of Peerage, ABM 

ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry 
Armstrong FitzPatrick Watson-Armstrong, 1st 
Bn. of new creation {U. if.), M.A., D.C.L., a D.L. 
and CO for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 1899), 
Maj. N'thumb. Imper. Yeom., Dir. of Elswick 
Arsenal and of N.E. Rail., a Commissr. of River 
Tyne : son of Jno. Wm. Watson, Esq., of Adder- 
stone Hall, N'thumb., and gt. nephew of the late 
Bn. A. of former line ; b. May 3, 1863 ; cr. Baron 
1903 {€'.); assumed name of Armstrong by licence 
1889; mar. same year Winifreda Jane, dau. of 
the late Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B. Seats, 
Bamburgh Castle S.O., and Cragside, Rothbury, 
both N'thumb. ; Jesmond Dene, Newcastle-on- 
Tyne; town res., 93 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 
Peerage of same title lasted 1887-1900). 


( Watson- Armstrong.) 

Hon. William John Montagu W.-A., heir to Bny., 

b. 1892. (No 2nd heir.) 
Hon. Winifreda Margaret W.-A., b. 1894. 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet of Ashburn Place. 
Sir George Elliott Armstrong, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 
1892), proprietor and editor of the Globe news- 
paper, Lieut. R.V. : son of 1st Bt., b. 1866, sue. 
1907, mar. 1890 Edith Annie, dau. of Adolphus 
Fass, Esq. Heir, his son George Carlyon (b. 
1896 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Francis Philip, b. 1871 ). 
Res. , Fairmile House, Cobham. Surrey ; 39 Cadogan 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet's Widow 'of Ashburn 
Place. Dowager Lady A. (Alice FitzRoy, dau. of 
the late Rev. Chas. J. Furlong), mar. 1865 Capt. 
Sir Geo. C. H. Armstrong, 1st Bt. (d. 1907). 

ARMSTRONG, Bakoxkt of Gallen. Sir Andrew 
Harvey Armstrong, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1841), served 
in S. Africa 1900-1, formerly Capt. 3rd Batt. 
Leinst. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1866, sue. 
1899. Heir pres., his bro. Nesbitt William (b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, their 1st cousin Edmund Clarence 
Richard, b. 1879). Res., Gallen Priory, Ferbane 
S.O., King's Co. 

ARMSTRONG, Bishop— see " Wangaratta." 

ARMSTRONG, Knight. Sir Walter Arm- 
strong, Kt.Bach. (i899),B.A.,Hon.R.H.Acad.,Dir. 
of Nat. Gall, of Ireland and is author of numerous 
works on art : b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily Rose, dau. 
of Chas. C. Ferard, Esq. Res., Ceanchor House, 
Howth S.O., Co. Dublin. 

ARMSTRONG, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Charlotte, dau. of the late S. Campbell Simpson, 
Esq., and widow of T. K. Tillotson, Esq., and of 
Adm. Sir W. King-Hall, K.C.B:% mar. 1894, 3rd 
husb., Sir Alex. Armstrong, K.C.B., F.R.S., who 
served in search for Sir J. Franklin and the dis- 
covery of the N.W. Passage (d. 1899). Res., The 
Elms, Sutton Bonnington, Loughborough, Leic. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt. -Col. Gerald Denne, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. Warwicks. Regt.; S. Africa 1899- 
1900 : b. 1865. 

ARMSTRONG, Col. Oliver Carleton, D.S.O. 
(1902), LA., Burma 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now 2nd A.A.G. and Financ. Adviser at Ind. 
Headqrs. : b. 1859. 

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, OB. (Civ. 1898), late 
Dir. of Art Div. S. Kens. Mus. : b. 1832. Res., 
The Abbot's House, King's Langley S.O., Herts. 

ARMSTRONG (WATSON-), family name of 
Armstrong Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 


ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armytage, 6th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1738), F.S.A., a D.L. 
for W. Bid., Chmn. Lanes, and Yorks. Rail. Co., 
High Sheriff of Yorks. 1907-8 : son of 5th Bt., 
b. 1842, sue. 1899, mar., 1st, 1871 (wid. 1890); 
2ndly, 1893, Mary Georgiana, dau. of the late 
Henry A. Littledale, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. 
George Ayscough A. (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son John Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, Kirklees Pk., 
Brighouse, Yorks. ; town res., 27 Cambridge Sq., 

ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
a Gentn. Usher to H.M. : b. 1853 (gt. grandson of 
4th Bt.). Res. , 6 Buckingham Pal. Mansns., S.W., 
and 147 a Knightsbridge, S.W. 

ARMYTAGE, Hon. Mrs. William — see 
"Hotham, Kt.'s Widow." 

ARNOLD, Knight. Sir Alfred Arnold, Kt. 
Bach. (1903), an M.P. 1895-1900 (C), barrister- 
at-law and a manufacturer : b. 1835, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Mary, widow of Jos. Collins, Esq., of 
Halifax. Res., Woodroyde, Halifax. 

ARNOLD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Amelia Elizabeth, dau. of the late Capt. H. B. 
Hyde), mar. 1867 Sir Arthur Arnold, formerly an 
M.P. and Chmn. L.C.C., first Editor of the Echo 
(d. 1902). Res., Hyde Hill, Dartmouth, Devon; 
45 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W.— (2) Lady A. 
(Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese lady, mar. 1897, 
as 3rd wife, Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., a 
distinguished orientalist and poet, author of ' The 
Light of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904). Res., l Wetherby 
Mansns., Earl's Ct. Sq., S.W. 

ARNOLD, Col. Alfred James, D.S.O. (1897), 
Niger-Soudan Campaign 1897, S. Africa 1900, 
ret. 1907, now serving with the Portug. Mozam- 
bique Co. : b. 1866. Res., Beira, Mozambique. 

ARNOLD, Lady Charlotte Georgiana, dau. 
of 3rd M. of Cholmondeley. 

ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 
Arnoit, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1896), a D.L. for Dublin, 
late Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1898, 
mar. 1881 Caroline Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Williams, 2nd Bt. of Tregullow. Heir, his son 
John (b. 1885; 2nd heir, next son, Lauriston 
John, b. 1891). Res., 12 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

Widow. Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the 
late Rev. Edwd. L. Fitzgerald), mar. 1872, as 
2nd wife, Sir Jno. Arnott, 1st Bt. (d. 1898, 
assumed 1902 the additl. name Fitzgerald) . Res., 
Woodlands, Cork; Castlemartyr S.O., Co. Cork; 
Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. Dublin. 

ARNOULD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Anne Pitcaim, dau. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 
Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Jos. 
Arnould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 
_ ARRAN {pron. Arn), Earl of. Arthur 
Jocelyn Charles Gore, 6th Earl (Irel.) and a Bt., 
sits as Bn. Sudley {U.K.) ; Lt.-Col. comdg. 
Civil Service Vol. Rifles, late Maj. Roy. Horse 
Gds., served in Egyptn. Cav. 189&-7 and in S. 
Africa 1900: son of 5th E. ; b. Sept. 14, 1868; 
sue. 1901 {L.U.) ; mar. 1902 Mathilde Jacqueline 
Marie Beauclerk, dau. of Bn. Huyssen van 
Kattendyke, of the Hague. Seat, Castle Gore, 
Ballina, Co. Mayo.— See below for the Scottish 
Earldom of Arran and Cambridge, this title being 
taken from the islets of Arran, Co. Galway. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn. 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U.K. : Bn. Sudley, 1884. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to the Peerage, obtaining both 
Irish creations. The late 5th Earl was given the U.K. 

ABT 123 

Titled Relatives, 

Issue of present {6t?t) E. : 

Viscount Sudlev, heir to Earldom: Arthur Paul 
John Charles James (?., b. 1903. (and heir— to Irish 
titles, not U.K. Bny.— Sir Francis Charles Q., q.v., 
son of the late Hon. Charles (?., b. 1846.) 

Issue of 5th E. (sists. and half-sist. of present) : 


Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Ctss. of Airlie 
(q.v., Widow), b. 1S66, mar. 1886 8th Earl of A. (d. 

Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, b. 1867, 
mar. 1887 Vise. Cranborne, now 4th Marq. of 8., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1868. ) 

Lady Esther Caroline Georgiana, now Lady E. Smith, 
b. 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. Wm. F. Danvers S., M.P., 
heir to Hambleden Viscounty, q.v. 


Lady Winifred Helena Lettice (?., b. 1891. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1839, d. 1901.) 
Lady Caroline Annesley, now The Lady Ruthven, b. 

1848, mar. 1869 8th Bn. E.., q.v. 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta Q., b. 1855. 
Lady Mary Napier, now Lady M. Ewart, b. 1858, mar. 

1889 Herbt. Brisbane i?.,Esq. Res., 8 West Eaton 

PL, S.W. 

ARRAN, Earl's Widow. Winifred, Countess 
ok A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
Reilly, Esq., and widow of Hon. Jno. M. Stopford, 
son of 4th E. of Courtown), formerly a Lady in 
Waiting to H.R.H. Prss. Christian: mar. 1889, 
as 2nd wife, 5th E. of Arran (d. 1901). Res., 
Queen Anne's Mead, Windsor. 

ARRAN and CAMBRIDGE, Earl op {Scot. 
1643) — see " Hamilton, D. of." 

ARROL, Knight. Sir William Arrol, Kt. 
Bach. (1890), LL.D., F.R.S.E., late an M.P. 
{L.U.), a D.L. for Co. of City of Glasgow, 
head of the Dalmarnock Ironworks Co., contrac- 
tors for the Tay and Forth Bridges (served ap- 
prenticeship as a blacksmith) : b. 1839, mar. 1905, 
2nd wife, his cousin Miss Hodgart. Res., Dennis- 
toun, Glasgow ; Seafield, Ayr. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Carlung. Sir Matthew 
Arthur, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), a D.L. for Ayrsh. 
and for Co. of City of Glasgow, a Dir. of Glasg. 
and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.U. Assoc., 
also of Westn. Infirm. , Glasgow ; a memb. of Roy. 
Co. of Archers : son of the late Jas. Arthur, Esq., 
b. 1852, mar. 1879 Janet Stevenson Bennett, dau. 
of the late Alex. B. M'Grigor, Esq., LL.D. Heir, 
his son James Cecil (b. 1883 ; no 2nd heir). Seat, 
Carlung, West Kilbride S.O., Ayrsh.; res, Ful- 
larton, Troon, same Co. ; 49 Mount St., W. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Westminster. Sir 
George Compton Archibald Arthur, 3rd Bt., 
{U.K. 1841), Hon. Capt. in the Army, formerly 
Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., served in Egyptian and 
Nile Campaigns and in S. Africa 1900-1 : son of 
2ndBt., b. i860, sue. 1878, mar. 1898, as 2ndhusb., 
Kate Harriet, dau. of the late Horatio Brandon, 
Esq., and widow of Arthur R. Yates, Esq. Heir 
pres., his 1st cous. once rem. Edward Malcolm 
A. (b. 1874; 2nd heir, latter's bro. George 
Frederick Neale A., b. 1878). Res., 38 Brompton 
Sq., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur^ Kt. 
Bach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sheriff of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Address, c/o Messrs. Ewing and Co., Cal- 

ARTHUR, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
Monteagle of Brandon. 

Baronetage^ Knightage, <&c. 

I2 4 


Directory of Peerage, 


ARUNDEL, Knight. Six* Arundel Tagg 
Arundel, K. C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865, lateM.L.C. andCh. Sec. to Govt, of Madras, 
has been a Dist. and Sessions Judge, Collector, 
Sec, late a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, ret. 1906 : 
b. 1843, mar. 1875 Catherine Helen, dau. of the 
late J. D. Sim, Esq., C.S.I, lies., Uplands, 
May bury Hill, Woking. 

ARUNDEL and SURREY, Earl of (Arundel 
En 9- "55 an d 1433, Surrey 1483), a double title 
of the Norfolk Dukedom, borne by the heir when 
a son. 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell of 
Wardour Barony (but for Hon. Geo. V. A. 
Monckton- Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V."). 

ARUNDELL, Count {Holy Rom. Emp., abt. 
1595)— see "Arundell of Wardour" and "Clif- 
ford of Chudleigh," the title passing to both 
male and female descendts. 

ARUNDELL (MONCKTON-), family name 
(in part) of the Galway Viscounty, more usually 
"Monckton " — see "Arundell" above. 

Edgar Clifford Arundell (proQ. Arr'undel), 14th 
Bn. {Eng.), a Count of the Holy Roman Emp. 
(1595) '• son of the late Theod. Arundell, Esq., 
and 2nd cou. once rem. of the late Bn. ; b. 
Dec. 20, 1859; sue. 1907 (C), mar. 1896 Ellen, 
widow of J. Melbourne Evans, Esq. Seat, Wardour 
Castle, Tisbury S.O., Wilts. 

Creation. Bn. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. 1605.— Sir 
Thos. Arundell obtained his German title for services in 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the 
standard of the Turks with his own hand ; on his return 
home he was created 1st Bn. Arundell. The 3rd Bn. 
suffered five years' imprisonment from the false accusa- 
tion of Titus Oates, but on his liberation he was 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of llth Bn. (half-sists. of pre- 
sent) : 


(The late 12th Baron, b. 1831, d. 1906). 
(Present Baron, b. 1834.) 


Hon. Cecily Mary A., a nun, b. 1845. 
Hon. Gertrude Mary A., b. 1S43. 
Heir pres. to Barony (bro. of present Peer) : 
Gerald Arthur A., Esq.., b. 1861. (No 2nd heir.) 

Widow. Anne, Lady A. of W. (Anne Lucy, dan. 
of Jno. Errington, Esq.), mar. 1862 12th Bn. 
Arundell of W. (d. 1906). 

ASH (BERESFORD-\ Lady Florence 
Marion, dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 

ASHBOURNE, Baron. Edward Gibson, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), P.C. {Ira. 1877, Gt. Br. 1885), 
M.A., LL.D., late Lord Chancellor of Ireland 
(3rd time, with a seat in the Cabinet) , formerly 
an M.P. and Attorney-Gen. for Irel., appd. Q.C. 
1872 : son of the late Wm. Gibson, Esq., of 
Dublin and Gaulstown; b. Sept. 4, 1837; cr - B n - 
1885 (C); mar. 1868 Frances Maria Adelaide, 
dau. of the late Hy. C. Colles, Esq. Res., 
i2Merrion Sq., Dublin; 5 Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. 


Hon. William G., heir to Barony, M.A. : b. 1868, 
mar. 1S96 Marianne, dau. of M. de Monbrison, of 
Paris (Hon. Mrs. Gibson). Res., Moorhurst, Holm- 
wood, Dorking. 

The late Hon. Henry D'Olier Grant b. 1870, 
d. 190c. 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-PoivUtt, 
b. 1871, mar. 1893 Hon. Wm. G. Algar O.-P., soil 
and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 

Hon. Edward Graves Mayne G., 2nd heir, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, late Lieut. 5th Batt. Leinst. Regt, 
(Mil.) : b. 1873, mar. 1900 Mary Philips, dau. of the 
late Hy. R. Greg, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Edward G.). Res., 
Clonlea, Sandyford, Dublin ; Cliff, Lee, Ilfracombe. 

Hon. (Ernest) Victor (?., barrister-at-law, late Lieut. 
Imper. Yeom. , served in S. Africa 1900 and 1902 : b. 
187*, widower. Club, Bachelors'. 

Hon. Violet Albina G., b. 1876. 

Hon. Frances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Porttr, b. 1880, mar. 1904 Alex. Horsbrugh P., Esq., 
son of Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. Res., 
Pilot View, Dalkey S.O., Co. Dublin. 

Hon. Constance Anna G-, b. 18S1. 

ASHBROOK, Viscount. Robert Thomas 
Flower, 8th Vise. (Irel.), formerly Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. Militia : son of 5th V. 
and bro. of 6th and 7th ; b. April 1, 1836; sue. 
1906 ; mar. 1866 Gertrude Sophia, dau of the late 
Rev. Sewell Hamilton. Seat, Castle Durrow, 
Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. ; res., Knockatrma 
House, Durrow, Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Castle Durrow, 1733 ; Vise. 
Ashbi 00k, 1751.— The 1st Bn. was M.P. for Co. Kilkenny ; 
his successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) V. : 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Ernest White, 

b. 1868, mar. 1893 Harry Ern. IF., Esq. 
Hon. Llowarch Robert F., heir to Barony, b. 1870, 
mar. 1899 Gladys, dau. of Gen. Sir Geo. Vv . A. 
Higginson, K.O.B. (Hon. Mrs. Flower). 
Hon Reginald Henry F., 2nd heir, b. 1871. 
Hon. Eva Constance Gertrude F., b. 1874. 
Hon. Gertrude F., b. 1880. 

Surviving dau. of 5th V. (sist. of present) : 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1829, d. childless 1882.) 
(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1830, d. 1906, no surv. issue.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1836.) 

Hon. Caroline Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. George 
Marton, b. 1847, mar. 1866 the late Geo. B. Heneage 
M., Esq. (d. 1905), bro. of the Lady Ashbrook. 
Res., Capernwray Hall, Burton, Kirkby Lonsdale, 
W estmorld. 

ASHBURNHAM, family name of f ollg. 

ASHBURNHAM, Earl of. Bertram Ash- 
bumham, 5th Earl {Gt. Br.), a D.L. for Breck- 
nocksh.: son of 4th E. ; b. Oct. 28, 1840; sue. 
1878 (L.) ; mar. 1888 the late Emily (d. 1900), 
dau. of the late R. Chaplin, Esq. Seats, Ashburn- 
ham PL, Battle S.O., Sussex; Barking Hall, 
Needham Mkt. S.O., Suffk. ; Pembrey, Burry 
Port S.O., Carmarths. 

Creations. Bn. Ashbumham, Eng. 1689 ; E. of Ash- 
burnham and Vise. St. Asaph, Gt. Br. 1730.— King 
William III. created this Peerage. The 1st Bn.'s grand- 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell 
for aiding King Charles's escape from Hamilton Court in 
1647 ; it would however be wrong to conclude that this 
had anything to do with the promotion, as William was 
not likely to show such regard for the Stuarts. The 3rd 
Bn., who had been Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales, obtained the higher titles. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5th) E. : 

Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte A., h. 1800. 

Surviving issue of $fh E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1840.) 

Hon. John ^4., heir pres. to Earldom, formerly Acting 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



Cons.-Gen. in Bulgaria : b. 1845, mar. 1907 Maud 

Mary, dau. of the late Chas. Royal-Dawson, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. John A.). Club, St. James's. 
Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 

mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., Esq., son of late Bp. of 

Ripon. Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 
Hon. Thomas A., 2nd heir, late Capt. 7th Hussars, 

served in Egypt 1882, and has been Extra A.D.C. 

to two Viceroys of Ireland : b. 1855, mar. 1903 Maria 

Elizabeth, dau. of W. II. Anderson, Esq., of 

Fredericton, N. Brunswick (Hon. Mrs. Thomas J..). 

Res., Fredericton. 
Lady Mary, now Lady M. Holland, b. 1859, mar. 1883 

Hon. Sydney Geo. II., son and heir of 1st Vise. 

Knutsford, q.v. 
Hon. George A., formerly Lieut. Suffolk Yeomanry, 

b. 1863. Club, Wellington. 

ASHBTJRNHAM, Knight. Sir Cromer AsTi- 
burnham,, K.C.B. (Mil. 1882), Maj.-Gen. retd. 
(1886), served in Mutiny, Afghanistan, S. Africa 
1881, Egypt, &c, has been Gov. of Suakin and 
A.A. &Q.M.G. of S.E.Dist., was an A.D.C. to the 
late Queen, now Col. Comdt. King's Roy. Eif. 
Corps : b. 1831 (uncle of Sir Anchitel P. Ash- 
burnham-Clement, 9th Bfc.), mar. 1S64 Urith 
Amelia, dau. of the late Capt. Geo. B. Martin, 
C.B., R.N. Res., The Vicarage, Piatt, Borough 
Grn. S.O., Kent. 

ASHBURTON, Baron. Francis Dknzil 
Edward Baring, 5th Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for 
Hants, and Capt. Hants. Imper. Yeom. (Cara- 
biniers) : son of 4th Bn. ; b. July 20, 1866; sue. 
1889 (G.) ; mar., 1st., same year, the late Hon. 
Mabel Edith Hood (d. 1904), dau. of 4th Vise. 
Hood ; 2ndly, 1906, Frances, dau. of Mr. J. C. 
Donnelly, of New York. Seat, The Grange, 
Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K. 1833.— The 1st Bn. 
who was President of the Board of Trade and Master of 
the Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt., and 
was uncle of the 1st Bn. North brook and of the present 
Earl of Cromer and 1st Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 
Barony, extinct in 1823, was held by the family of 
Dunning, to whom that of Baring became united by 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (yh) Bn.: 

Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel B., b. 1890. 
Hon. Aurea Vera B., b. 1891. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1803. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 
Barony, b. 1898. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 

Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1866.) 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Hants. Imper. 

Yeom., b. 1367, mar. 1890 Laura Louise, dau. of 

Fredk. Hobson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). 

Res., Candover House, Alresford, Hants. 
Hon. Alexander Henry B., b. 1869. Res., with Bn. 
Hon. Guy Victor B., M.P. for Winchester (C), Capt. 

Coldstrm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 

1373, mar. 1903 Olive Alethea, dau. of Hugh Colin 

Smith, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Guy B.). Res., 16 Cadogan 

Sq., S.W. 

Hon. Lilian Theresa Claire, now Hon. Mrs. Fredk. 

Adam, b. 1874, mar. 1906 the late Lt.-Col. Fredk. 

Loch A., M.V.O. (d. 1907). 
Hon. Caryl Digby B., late Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., 

served in S. Africa 1399-1902: b. 18S0. 
Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1835, d. 1889.) 
Hon. Marie Louisa Anne, now Dchss. of Grafton, b. 

1833, mar. 1858 the late 6th Duke of G., see "Grafton, 

Duke's Wid." 

ASHBURTON, Baron's Widow. TheDowager 
Lady A., nee Hon. Leonora Caroline Digoy, dau. 
of 9th Bn. Digby, b. 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 

Ashburton (d. 1889). Res., Melchet Ct., Romsey, 
Hants. ; 16 Cadogan Sq., S."W. 

ASHBY, Knight. Sir James William Murray 
Ashby, K.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; C.B. Civ. 1867), Pay- 
master-ia-Ch. R.N. (retd.), served in Baltic and 
Black Seas, and in China, also on various home 
and foreign stations : b. 1822, mar. 1873 Catherine 
Magenis, dau. of the late F. R. Maxwell, Esq. 
Res., Little Park, Ninfield, Battle S.O., Sussex. 

ASHBY, Col. George Ashby (name doubled) , 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Comdt. Discharge Depot, 
Gosport; Egypt, Nile, and S. Africa 1899-1901: 
b. 1856. Res., Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hants. 

ASHCOMBE, Baron. George Cubitt, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1880), M.A., a D.L. for 
Surrey and Middx., a Co. Aid. for Surrey, 
and Hon. Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Roy. W. Surrey 
Regfc. ; an M.P. 1860-92 ; late Chmn. House of 
Laymen of Canterb. Prov., has been 2nd Church 
Estates Commissr . and on various Roy . Commssns . : 
son of the late Thos. Cubitt, Esq.; b. June 4, 1828 ; 
cr. Bn. 1892 (C.) ; mar. 1853 the late Laura (d. 
1904), dau. of the late Rev. Jas. Joyce. Seat, Falla- 
pit, Mounts S.O., Devon; town res., 17 Prince's 
Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashcombe, U.K. 189a. 


The deceased Geoffrey George (,'., b. 1854, d. 1855. 
Hon. Helen Laura C., b. 1855. 

Hon. Mary Agues, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester, 
b. 1857,' mar. 1884 Rev. Edwd. Arthur Ch. Res., 
The Vicarage, Dorking. 

The deceased Thomas Edmund Wilfred C, b. 1859, d. 

Hon. Adelaide Laura, now Hon. Mrs. Richd. Fuller- 
Maitland, b. 1861, mar. 1891 Richd. Anth. F.-M., 
Esq. Res., 38 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.AV. 
Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George Tallents, 
b. 1863, mar. 1883 Geo. Wm. T., Esq. Res., 49 
Warwick Sq., S.AV. 
The deceased Mabel Georgina C, b. 1864, d. 1865. 
Hon. Henry C, M.A., heir to Barony, late an M.P. 
(C.), is Lord- Lieut, of Surrey and Lt.-Col. comdg. 
and Hon. Col. Surrey Imper. Yeom. : b. 1867, mar. 
1890 Maud Marianme, dau. of the late Col. Archib. 
M. Calverc (Hon. Mrs. Cubitt). Res., Denbies, Dor- 
king ; 17 Prince's Gt., S.W. (2nd heir, his son 
Henry Archibald, b. 1892.) 
Hon. Beatrice Hayward, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
vert, b. 1868, mar. 1891 Wm. Archib. C, Esq. Res., 
Broomells, Capel, Dorking. 
ASHE, Capt. Edward Percy, M.V.O. (4th 
Class 1905), R.N., retci. (1907) ; Egypt 1882 : b. 1852. 

ASHFORD, Baron {Eng. 1597)— see "Albe- 
marle, E. of." 

ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPER, but the 
second name appears to be practically dropped) , 
family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and "Hons.," also below. 

ASHLEY, Lord (by courtesy — title, Baron A. 
Eng. 1661), son and heir of the Earl of Shaftes- 

ASHLEY, Priv. Counc. and Peer's Son. 
Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) (Anthony) Evelyn Mel- 
bourne Ashley (the name Cooper being dis- 
carded, as is conventionally the name Anthony 
also, it being given to every male member of the 
family), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1891), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, a D.L. for Hants, and Official Verderer of 
the New Forest, was Priv. Sec. to Vise. Palmer- 
ston, and has been Pari. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
Under Sec. for Colonies, and 2nd Church Estates 
Commissr., an M.P. 1874-85 (L.), and a former 
Lieut. S. Middx. Rifles : son of 7th E. of Shaftes- 
bury and uncle of present Peer ; b. 1836, mar. 1891 , 
2nd wife, the following. i?es.,Broadlands, Rom- 
sey, Hants. ; Classiebawn. Co. Sligo, Tullaghan 
S.O. ; 13 Cadogan Sq., S.W. [Died, Nov. 15.] 

126 ASH 

Directory of Peerage, 


ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dan. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen (q.v.), and -wife of preceding. 

ASHMAN", Baronet. Sir Herbert Ashman, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1907; Kt. Bach. 1899), Lord Mayor 
of Bristol 1900 (first of the title, was Mayor 1899), 
Past Pres. of Anchor (Colston) Soc, knighted on 
occasion of the late Queen's visit at opening of the 
Jubilee Conval. Hosp. : b. 1854V mar. 1874 Lizzie, 
dau. of F. G. Lorenzen, Esq. Bes., Cook's Folly, 
Stoke Bishop, Bristol. 

ASHMORE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Dorothy Emily Augusta, dau. of the late Chas. 
J. K. Shaw, Esq.), mar. 1897 Sir Alex. Murray 
Ashmore, K.C.M.G., Lt.-Gov. and Colon. Sec. 
Ceylon (d. 1906). Bes., The Temple Trees, 

ASHTON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. ( U. K.). a manufacturers D.L. for Lanes., was 
High Sheriff 1885, M.P. 1886-95: son of the late 
Jas. Williamson, Esq., of Parkfield; b. Dec. 31, 
1842: or. Bn. 1895 (L.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late 
Margaret (d. 1877) , dau. of the late Jos. Gatey, 
Esq. ; 2ndly, 1880, the late Jessy Henrietta (d.1904), 
dau. of the late Jas. Stewart, Esq., of Clapham, 
Yorks. Heir, none. Seats, Eyelands, and Ashton 
Hall, both nr. Lancaster; town res., Alford 
House, Prince's Gt., S.W. 
Creation. Bn. Ashton, U.K. 1895. 

Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now Hon. Mrs. Peel, b. 1872, 
mar. 1899 Hon. Wm. R. Wellesley P., heir to Peel 
Visety., q.v. 
The late Hon. Maud W., b. 1876, d. 1906. 

ASHTOWN", Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (Irel.), a D.L. for Co. Galway: grand- 
son of 2nd Bn. and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, 
who died without succeeding ; b. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 
sue. 1880 ; mar. 1894 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. 
Robt. A. G. Cosby. Seats Glenahira Lodge, Co. 
Waterford, nr. Clonmel; Woodlawn S.O., Co. 

Creation. Bn. Ashtown, Irel. 1S00.— The 1st Peer was 
M.P. for Portarlington. 

Titled Relatives. 
Isstic of present {3rd) Bn.: 

Hon. Frederic Sydney r.,hek to Barony, b. 1894. 
Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 189b 
Hon. Robert Power T., 2nd heir, b. 1897 
Hon. Arthur Cosby T., b. 1899. 
Hon. Dudley Oliver T., b. 1901. 
Bros, and sists. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1889): 
(Present Baron, b. 1868.) 

Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Limerick 

1895, b. 1869, mar. 1893 Prances Elizabeth, dau. 

of Walter T. K Sh awe-Taylor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

William T.). lies., Clonodfoy Castle, Kilfinanc, 

Kilmallock, Co. Limerick. 
Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smyihe, 

b. 1871, mar. 1903 Capt. Alan Theodore S. Res., 

Milford Lodge, Craven Arms S.O., Salop. 
Hon. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. k'reui- Wilkinson, b. 

1873, mar. 1904 Maj. Lewis Piedc. G.-W. 
— Sist.-in-laiu : 

Hon, Mrs. Sydney T. (Elinor Mary, dau. of Dr. J. C. 

Cox, of N.S.W.), mar, 1905, 2nd bus!)., the late Hon. 

Sydney T. (d. same year). Res., Tidmintjton, 

Shipston-on-Stour S.O., Wore. 

Son of 2ndBn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphin T., formerly Capt. tst Prrms. 
and Maj. King's Co. Militia, High Sheriff of Tip- 
perary 1886, is a D.L. for same : b. 1844, niar. 1873 
Maria, dau. of Sir Richd. Muegrave, 4th Bt. of 
Tourin (Hon. Mrs. Cosby T.). Res., Sopwell Hall, 
CloHghjo'rdan S.O., Co. Tipperary. 

— Dau.-in-law (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne T. (nCe Le-Poer-Trench), dau. of 3rd E. of 
Clancarty, b. 1839, mar. 1867 the late Hon. Fredk. 
Sydney Chas. T., father of present Bn. (d. 1879). 

A SPIN ALL, Lt.-Col. Robert Lowndes,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd Batt. Yorks. 
Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1899-1902 as AD.C. : 
b. 1869. 

ASQUITH, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Herbert 
Henry Asauith, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), K.C. (1890), 
B.A., LLTD., D.C.L., M.P. for E. Fife (L.), 
Chanc. of Exchequer and an Eccles. Commissr., 
formerly Sec. of State for Home Dept., el. 1905 
Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ. : b. 1852, mar. 
1894, 2nd wife. Bes., 20 Cavendish Sq., W. ; 
Treasury, Whitehall, S.W. 

ASSER, Capt. Verney, D.S.O. (1902), R.A., 
S. Africa 1896-8 and 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ASTELL, Capt. Somerset Charles Godfrey 
Fairfax, D.S.O. (1900-1), late N. Staffs. Regt.: 
Dongola 1896, S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1866. Bes.', 
West Lodge, Piddlehinton, Dorchester. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." For Astley-Corbett, see "Cor- 
bett" (late Astley Baronetcy) . 

ASTON, Col. George Grey, C.B. (Mil. 1902), 
R.M.A., Soudan 1884, and S. Africa 1899-1900; 
formerly a Professor at the Roy. Nav. College, 
now a D.A.A.G. Staff Coll. : b. 1861. Bes., Staff 
College, Camberley, Surrey. 

ASTON, William George, C.M.G. (1889), 
M.A., D.Litt., formerly Cons.-Gen. for Corea, 
2nd Sec. to Legat. at Tokio, Student Inter- 
preter, &c, a writer on Japanese literature : b. 
1841. Bes., The Bluff, Beer S.O., Devon. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, I.S.O. (1902), Librar. 
in Colon. Office : b. 1850. Bes., 25 Dennington 
Pk. Rd., W. Hampstead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, 3rd Bishop of— not yet ap- 
pointed (Bp. of Mackenzie River acting). Bes., 
Athabasca Landing, Alta, N.W.T., Canada. 

ATHERLEY, Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, 
dau. of 17th E. of Suffolk. 

ATHERTON, Col. Thomas James, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), B.A., late comdg. 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 
! 1899-1902 : b. 1856. 

ATHLUMNEY {pron. Ath'lumny), Baron. 
James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 
ville, 2nd Bn. {Irel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 
Meredyth {U.K.) ; a Page of Honour to three 
Irish Viceroys and late A.D.C., has been Capt. 
and Hon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut. 
Coldstrm. Gels., served in Egypt and Dongola, and 
in S. Africa 1900 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. March 23, 
1865; sue. 1873 unmiTd. Heir, none to 

Peerage ; to Baronetcy a remote cousin, William 
Dewnistoun S. (b. 1842, gt.-gt. grandson of 1st 
Bt. ; 2nd heir, 1st heir's bro., Henry BeUing- 
ham, b. 1848). Seat, Somervilie, Navan, Co. 
Meath ; town res., 3 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1748 ; Bn. Athlumney, 1863. 
U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, 1866. —The Rt. Hon. Sir William 
Meredyth Somervilie, 5th Bt., M.P. for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Imper. Peerages. 

Titled Relatives. 

(Somervilie. ) 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Anne Blanche S., b. 1861. Res. , Broom- 
ham Farm, Battle S.O., Sussex. 
Hon. Georgiana Alke Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 
Tottenham, b. 1862, mar. 1888 Chae. G. Loftus T., 
Esq. Res., Tudenham Pk., Mullingar, Co. West- 

ATH Baronetage, Knightage, &c. AUD 127 

(Present Baron, b. 1865.) 

Hon. Cecilia Louisa S., b. 1866. Res., with Hon. Mary. 

Hon. Florence Emily Frances, now Hon. Mrs. 
William Starmer, b. 1869, mar. 1901 Wm. Wooding 
S., Esq., Assoc. It. A.M. Res., 20 Warwick Pk., 
Tunb. Wells. 

ATHOLL, Duke of. John James Hugh 
Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke {Scot.), sits 
as Earl Strange ( Gt. Br) ; K.T. (1868) , Lord Lieut, 
and Hered. Sheriff of Perthsh., Hon. Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil,), formerly Oapt. Scots 
Gds. : son of 6th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1840 ; sue. 1864 
(<?.), and in 1865 inherited the Percy Barony; 
restored 1893 the orig. spelling of his title 
("Atholl" instead of "Athole"); mar. 1863 
the late Louisa, dau. of Sir Thos. Moncreiffe, 7th 
Bt. (she died 1902). Seats, Blair Castle (Blair 
Atholl) and Dunkeld House (Dunk eld), both 
Perthsh. ; town res., 84 Eaton PL, S."W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of Tullibardine, 1604 ; 
E. of Tullibardine, 1606 and 1676 ; E. of Atholl, 1457 and 
1620 ; M. of Atholl, Vise, of Balquhidder, and Ld. Murray, 
Balvenie, and Gask, 1676 (Baronies renewed 1703) ; I>. of 
Atholl, M. of Tullibardine, E. of Strathtay and 
Strathardle, Vise, of Balquhidder, Glenalmond, and 
Glenlyon, 1703. Eng. : Bn. Strange, 1629 by writ, j 
Gt. Br. : Earl Strange and Bn. Murray of Stanley, ; 
1786 ; also (inherited through a gt. uncle ; the 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 1 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
D., whose own son became 5th D.). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of Tullibardine. His 
grandson the 3rd Earl of T. obtained in 1629 a re-grant of 
the Earldom of Atholl, which had become extinct. The 
2nd Earl of A. was created Marquess, and the 3rd 
obtained the Dukedom. The 2nd Duke succeeded to the 
Barony of Strange in the English Peerage (by writ), 
which had originally been conferred upon his maternal 
ancestor the 7th Earl of Derby ; the 4th obtained the 
Earldom. The name of Stewart was brought into the 
family by marriage in the 14th century ; but we can find 
no record as to when or by whom it was formally pre- 
fixed to the patronymic. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Stewart-M array.) 
Issue of present (jth) D. (himself sole issue of 6th) : 
Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Ruggles-Brise, 
b. 1866, mar. 1893 Lt. -Col. Harold Goodeve R.-B. Res., 
19 Hanover Terr., Reg. Pk., N.W. 
Lady Helen S.-M., b. 1867. 
Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. 1868. 

The deceased John, M. of Tullibardine, b. & d. 1869. 
Marq. of Tullibardine (pron. Tullibardeen'), heir 
to Dukedom: John George S.-M., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1902), D.S.O. (1898), a D.L. for Perthsh., Maj. 
Roy. Horse Gds., served with Nile Expedn. 1898, 
and in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly in comd. of 1st 
Scott. Horse, which Regt. he raised and of which 
he is Lt.-Col. in comd. : b. 1871, mar. 1899 Katha- 
rine Marjory, dau. of Sir Jas. H. Ramsay, xoth 
Bt. of Bamff. Club, Turf. 
Lord George S.-M., 2nd heir, Capt. Black Watch, 

served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 
Lord James Thomas & -if. .Lieut. Cameron Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1879. 

ATKINSON, family name of follg. Bny. } 
q.v. for " Hons.,'' and see also below. 

ATKINSON, Baron. John Atkinson, Life 
Peer, P.O. (Ire!. 1892 ; Gt. Br. 1903), LL.D., a 
Lord of Apnea! in Ordinary, has been twice 
Attorn.-Gemfor Ireld., M.P. 1895-1905, csr. Q.C. 
1880: son of Edwd. Atkinson, Esq., M.D. ; b. 
Dec. 13, 1844; cr. a Life Baron 1905 (C.) ; mar. 
1873 Bowena, dau. of the late Kichd. Chute, Esq., 
M.D. Res., 68 f itzwilliam Sq., Dublin ; 39 Hyde 
Pk. Gt., S.W. 


The late Hon. Edward Chute A., b. 1874, d. 1906. 
Hon. Cecil Thomas A. , b. 1876, mar. 1903 Florence, 

dau. of Godfrey L. Taylor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Atkinson). Res., Percy PI., Dublin. 
Hon. Hector John A., b. 1879. 
Hon. Hubert Rowan A., b. 1882. 

ATTHILL, Capt. AnthonyWilliamMaunsell, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1907), Chmn. of Boy. Norf. 
Veterans' Assoc. 

ATKINSON, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of 6th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

AUBIGNY, Due d' (France i6S4)-see "Bich- 
mond and G., D. of." 

AUCHTEBHOUSE, Baron (Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Baron. "William Morton Eden, 
5th Bn. (Gt. Br. and Irel.), formerly Capt. 
in Dorset Eegt. and Yorks. Mil. : son of 4th Bn. ; 
b. March 27, 1859 ; sue. 1890 (C.) ; mar. 1891 Sibyl 
Constance, dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hut- 
ton, C.B. Res., 7 Launceston PI., Kens., W. 

Creations. Bn. Auckland, Irel. 1789, Gt. Br. I793-— 
The 1st Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 
to France. His successor was promoted (1839) to be 
Earl of Auckland, but the title lapsed at his death in 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (yh) Bn.: 

Hon. William Alfred Morton E., heir to Barony, 
b. 1892. 

Hon. Frederick Colvin George E., 2nd heir, b. 189s. 
Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bro., sists., and half- 
bros. of present) : 
By ist mrrge. 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Dulcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Sutton-Nel- 
thorpe, b. i860, mar. 1885 Robt. Nassau S,-N., Esq. 
Res., Scawby S.O., Lines. 

Hon. George E., b. 1861, mar. 1888 Amy Violet 
Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. Chas. R. Hay- 
Drummond and granddau. of 10th E. of Kinnoull 
(Hon. Mrs. George E.). Res., Red Cottage, Long 
Cross, C'hertsey, Surrey. 

Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. Res., Larkhill, Ranskill, 
Bawtry S.O., Yorks. 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Godfrey Chetwynd, b. 
1367, mar. 1904, as 2nd wife, Godfrey John Boyle 
C./Esq., son of Capt. Hon. Hy. W. Chetwynd, 
R.N. Res., Park Lane Hall, Doncaster. 
By 3rd mrrge. (none by 2nd). 

Hon. Robert Evelyn E., b. 1876. Club. Travellers'. 

Hon. Ashley Morland E., b. 1878. Res., Stonepitt 
Grange, with widow below. 
Issue of 3rd Bn. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

(The late 4th Baron, b. 1829, d. 1890.) 

Hon. Florence Selina E., b. 1835. Re?., Boyn Hill 
House, Maidenhead, Berks. 

Hon. Maria Harriet E., b. 1836. Res., with pre- 

Hon. Robert Henley Shaw E., b. 1840. mar. 1862 ! 
Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late Rev. Fredk. Hild- ] 
yard (Hon. Mrs. Robt. E.). Res., Tyddynllan, 
Llandrino, Corwen, Merionethsh. 
AUCKLAND, Baron's Widow (remrrd.). 
Edith, Lady A., dau. of Sir Wm. Eden, 6th Bt., 
mar., 1st, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. Auckland 
(d. 1S90) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons, Esq.— 
retaining title by courtesy. Res., Stonepitt Grange , 
Seal, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

AUCKLAND, Bishop of. Et. Eev. Moose 
Eichard Neligvn, M.A., 3rd Bp., late Vie. of 
St. Stephen's, Westbourne Pk. : b. 1863, mar. 
1894, cons. 1903. Res., Bishopscourt, Auckland. 
(The Bp. of Dunedin is now Primate of N.Z.) 

AUDLEY Barony (Eng. 1313 by writ)— in 
abeyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 
Surviving Relatives. 
Daus. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heiresses to the 
succession, producing the abeyance) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T., b. 1858. 



Directory of Peerage, 


Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 
Dau.-in-law of igth Bn.: 

Hon. Mrs. John T.-T. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late 

Jno. H., Blennerhasset, Esq.), mar. 1842 the late 

Hon. John Nicholas T.-T. (d. 1861). 

ATJLD, Maj.-Gen. Robert, C.B. (Civ. 1902), 
Dir. of Supplies and Clothing at Headqrs., has 
been A.D.C. to Gov. of Malta and Assist.Dir.- 
Gen. of Ordnance, now comdg. an Inf. Brig, at 
Gibraltar, acted as Dep. Gov. 1906 : b. 1848. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir W:lliam Michael 
Byron Austin, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1894), son of 1st Bt., 
b. 1871, sue. 1906, mar. 1896 Violet Irene, dau. 
of Alex. Fraser, Esq. Heir, his son John Byron 
Fraser (b. 1897 > 2n( i heir, next son, William 
Ronald, b. 1904). Seats, Eed Hill, Castleford, 
Yorks. ; Fryston Hall, Castleford. 

AUSTIN, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
A. (Agnes, dau. of the late Sanil. S. Byron, 
Esq.), mar. 1866 Sir Jno. Austin, tst Bt., M.P. 
(d. 1906). Bes., West Huntingdon Hall, York. 

AUSTIN, Maj. Herbert Henry, C.M.G. (1901), 
D.S.O. (1899), R.E., Waziristan 1894-5, Uganda 
1898, was employed in Brit. E. Afr. Protect. 
1897-9, aftds. on Survey Duty in Egypt : b. 1868. 

AUTICHAMP, Comtesse Charles de Beau- 
mont d', sist. of 2nd Bn. Churston. (Name 
variously given as Autichamp, Aultichamp, Autri- 
chamv, Auticamp, Antichamp . and Antichan.) 

AVA, Earl of (U.K. 1888), a title of the 
Dufferin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heir 
when a first-born son. 

AVEBURY (pron. Ayv-), Baron. John Lvl- 
bock, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. (Gt. Br. 
1890), D.C.L., LL.D., Hon. M.D., F.R.S. 
(Vice-Pres.), F.S.A. & F.L.S. (Pres.), a D.L. 
for Kent, a Lieut, for the City of London (formerly 
Chinn. L.C.C.), head of the bank of Robarts, 
Lubbock, and Co., Pres. of Centr. Assoc. of 
Bankers and of Lond. Chamb. of Commerce, 
a Trustee of Brit. Mus., Lord Beet of St. Andrews 
Univ., late Vice-Chanc. London Univ., for which 
he was M.P. 1880-1900 (prev. for Maidstone from 
1870) : son of 3rd Bt. ; b. April 30, 1834 ; sue. as 
4th Bt. 1865, cr. Bn. 1900 (L. £7.) ; mar., 1st, 1856, 
the late Ellen Frances (d. 1879), dau. of the late 
Rev. P. Hordern ; 2ndly, 1884, Alice Augusta 
Laurentia, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Aug. H. Lane Fox- 
Pitt-Rivers. Seats, High Elms, Downe, Farn- 
borough S.O., Kent ; Kingsgate Castle, nr. Rams- 
gate; town res., 6 St. James's Sq., S.W. ; offices, 
15 Lombard St., E.C. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1806 ; Bn. Avebury, 1900. 


Hon. Amy Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Ferdinand van 
Zandt, b. 1857, mar. 1S84, 2nd husb., the late 
Ferd. S. van Z., Esq. (d. 1892). lie"., The Croft, 
Bradwell-on-Sea, Southminster S.O., Essex ; 56 Elm 
Park Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 

Hon. John Birkbeck. L., heir to Barony, a D.L. for 
Kent and a partner in the bank cf Robarts, 
Lubbock, and Co. : b. 1858. Res., 14A Berkeley St., 

Hon. Norman L., 2nd heir, served in S. Africa : 
b. 1861. Res., Downe, Farnborouf<h S.O., Kent. 

The late Hon. Constance Mary, aftds. Hon. Mrs. 
Charles Buxton, b. 186-, d. 1892, having mar. 1882 
Chas. Sydney B., Esq. 

Hon. Rolfe Arthur L., formerly Lieut. 3rd Middx. 
Rifle Vols. : h. 1865, mar. 1894 Ethel, dau, of the 
late Thos. A. Lawfoid, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rolfe L.). 
Res., 11 Sloane Gdns., S.W. 

Hon. Gertrude L-, b. 186-. 


Hon. Ursula how Hon. Mis. Adrian Grant-Duff, b. 
i83p, war. 1006 Capt. Adr. (i.-D. 

Hon. Irene, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Pelham, b. 1886, 

mar. 1905 Edwd. H. P., Esq. 
Hon. Harold Fox Pitt L., b. 1888. 
Hon. Eric Fox Pitt L.,b. 1893. 
Hon. Maurice Fox Pitt L., b. 1900. 

AVELAND, Baron {U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
ter, E. of." 

AVEN, Baron (Scot. 1843)— see "Hamilton, D. 

AVERY, Baronet. Sir William Beilby Avery, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1905), son of the late Wm. Hy. 
Avery, Esq., of Birmingham ; b. 1854, mar. 1902, 
2nd wife, Suzanne Mathilde Irma, dau. of the 
late Mons. Pierre Crets, of Paris. Heir, his son 
William Eric TnoMAS (b. 1890 ; no present 2nd 
heir). Sea>t, Oakley Ct., Bray, Maidenhead. 

AVIGLIANO, Duchessa d', dau. of 6th D. of 
Newcastle (the al' for di) . 

AVIS, John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1905), Chf. of 
Continental Dept. S.E. & Ch. R. : b. 1851. Bes., 
4 Park Cresc, Clapham Pk., S.W. 

AVONMORE, Viscount. Algernon William 
Yelverton, 6th Vise. {Irel.), late Capt. Dublin City 
Artill. (Mil.), served in W. Africa 1902-3 : son 
of 4th V. and bro. of 5th ; b. Nov. 19, 1866 ; 
sue. 1885 ; mar. 1890 Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. 
Evans, Esq., of Gortmerron, Tyrone. Seats, Belle 
Isle, Roscrea, Co. Tipperaiy ; Hazle Rock, West- 
port, Co. Mayo. 

Creations. Irel.: Bn. Yelverton, 1795; Vise. Avonmore, 
1800.— Barry Yelverton, the 1st Bn. and Vise, was an 
orator and statesman, Attorney-General for Ireland, a 
P.C, and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
Dau. of present (6th) V. : 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel I"., b. 189a. 
Issue of 4th V. (two others deceased) : 
(The late 5th Viscount, b. 1859, d. 1835.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1866.) 

Issue of 3rd V. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 4th Viscount, h 1824, d. 1883.) 
Hon. Louisa Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Rudolph 

Hultzsch, b. 1827, mar. 1873 the late Herr Rud. 

Herm. H. (d. 1905). Res., Dresden. 
Hon. Anna, now Hon. Mrs. James Walker, b. 1833, 

mar. 1859 the lar.e James W., Esq. (d. 1901). Res., 

Hanley Lodge, Corstorphine S.O., Midlothian. 
Hon. Maletta, now Hon. Mrs. Crofton Vandeleur, 

b. 1839, mar. 1868 the late Capt. Crofton T. B. V. 

(d. 1881). Res., Wardenstown, Athlone, Co. West- 


— Dau.-in-law : 

[Hon. Mrs. George Y. (Louisa Lenox, dau. of the 
late Guy L. Prendergast, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1857, the 
late Hon. Geo. F. Wm. Y. (d. i860) ; 2ndly, 1876, 
the late Chas. Feiherstonhauah, Esq. (d. 1885)— 
forfeiting; her claim to title. Res., Manor Farm 
House, Windsor.] 
Heir pres. (a 1st cous. once removed, grandson of 
2nd V. and son of Hon. Wm. Yelverton) : 
William Henry Morgan Y., Esq., b. 1840. Res., 
Whitland Abbey, Whitland S.O., Carmarthensh. 
(No 2nd heir.) 

AVONMORE, Viscount's Widow. Dowager 
Viscountess A. (Emily Marianne, dau. of the 
late Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. Ashworth, K.C.B., and 
widow of Edwd. Forbes, Esq., F.R.S.), mar. 1858 
4th Vise. Avonmore (d. 1883) . Bes., Villa Gobert, 

AWDRY, Bishop— see " Tokio, Sth." 

AWDRY, Knight. Sir Richard Davis Awdry, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Acct. -Gen. to the Navy, 
prev. Assist. Sec. to Admiralty, is a member of 
Roy. Patiiotic Fund Corp. : b. 1843, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Katharine Louise James. Bes., 63 Vic- 
toria Rd., Kens., W. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <bc. 



AYLESFORD, Earl of. Chaeles Wight* 
wick Finch; 8th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
Warwicks., Hon. Col. 4th Batt. S. Staff ordsh. 
Regt. (Mil.): son of 6th E. and bro. Of 7th; b. 
June 7, 1851 ; sue. 1885 ((7.) ; mar., 1st, 1873, 
the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. 
of 3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, 
Ella Victoria, dau. of the late Jno. Ross, Esq., and 
widow of Capt. Jas. H. Linton. Seats, Packing- 
ton and Diddington Halls, Coventry ; The Friars, 
Aylesford, Maidstone. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, EnQ. 1703 ; E. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Winchilsea and Nottingham, its first representative 
being the 2nd son of the 1st Earl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-General, and was distinguished as principal of 
the advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the 
reign of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to 
the above Barony and Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E.: 

Lady Violet Ella, now Lady V. Crawley, b. 1880, 

mar. 1904 Maj. Eustace C. 
Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthington, b. 
1881, mar. 1901 William Worthington W., Esq. 
Res., Netherseal Old Hall, Ashby-de-la-Zoueh. 
Lord Guernsey, heir to Earldom: Heneage Greville 
F, late Lieut. Irish Gds. and A.D.C. to Gen. Sir 
F. Forrestier- Walker at Gibraltar: b. 1883, mar. 
1907 Hon. Gladys Cecil Georgina Felloives, dau. of 
2nd Bn. De Ramsey. 
Hon. Charles Daniel F., 2nd heir, b. 1886. 
Hon. Ronald William Edward F, R.N., b. 1889. 
Daus. of nth E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Maj. Malcolm Donald M., 
M.V.O., q.v. 

Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Daiiby, 
b. 1875, mar. 1901 Philip Saml. D., Esq. Res., 
Offchurch, Leamington Spa. 
Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 

(The late 7th Earl, b. 1849, d. 1885.) 

(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmine, now Lady A. 
Murray, b. 1853, mar. 1875 Chas. Jas. M., Esq., 
grandson of 5th E. of Dunmore. Res., Lochcarron 
S.O., Ross-sh. ; 41 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

AYLESFORD, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess op A. (Jane Wightwick, dau. of the 
late Jno. W. Knightley, Esq.), mar. 1846 6th E. 
of Aylesford (d. 1871). Res., The Bury, Leam- 
ington Spa. 

AYLMER, family name of following Barony. 

AYLMER, Baron. Matthew Aylmer. 8th Bn. 
(Irel.) and a Bfc., Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen ) and 
Insp.-Gen. of Canadian Militia, formerly 
Lieut. 7th Foot : son of 7th Bn. ; b. March 
28, 1842 ; sue. 1901 ; mar. 1875 Amy Gertrude, 
dau. of Hon. Jno. Young, of Montreal. Res., 

Creations. Irel: A Bt. 1662; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. de 
Balrath, 1718.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was 
awarded this Peerage in recognition of his services : he 
was 2nd son of the 1st Bt., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : they are distinct from the 
Btcy. below. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) Bn, ; 

Hon. Amelia Winifred A., b. 1876. 

Hon. John Frederick. Whitwortii A., heir to 

Barony, b. 1880. 
Hon. Kenneth Athalmar A., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Basil Udolphus A., b. 1886. 
Hon. Florence Gwendolyn A., b. 1891. 

Surviving issue of nth Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Henry A., Canad. M.P., barrister, Sheriff of | 

St. Francis Dist., Quebec, and Lt.-Col. Canad. 

Artill. Mil. : b, 1843, mar. 1870 Louisa Blanche 

Fanny, dau. of the late Hy. A. Howe, Esq,, LL.D. 

(Hon. Mrs. Henry A.). Res., Lennox ville, Quebec. 
Hon. Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, 

mar. 1872 her cousin, the late Hy. Lovell Aylmer, 

Esq. (d. 1882). Res., Richmond, Quebec. 
Hon. Frederick Whit worth A., C.E. to Govt, of 

Canad. Domin. and Capt. Canad. MiL: b. 1850, mar. 

1899 Emma Meredith, daii. of R. Lang, Esq. (Hon. 

Mrs. Frederick A.). Res., Golden, Brit. Columbia. 

AYLMER, Baronet. Sir Arthur Percy 
Fitzgerald Aylmer, 12th Bt. (Irel, 1622), grand- 
son of 11th Bt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
J. Aylmer; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, 2nd 
wife, but divorced 1886 (by an American wife 
who had prev. been divorced herself) . Heir pres., 
hisbro. Col. Fenton John A., C.B. , 1J(£, q.v. (2nd 
heir, their 1st cousin Gerald Arthur Evans Freke 
A., b. 1869). Res., Donadea Lodge, Westend 
Village, Southampton. 

AYLMER, Col. Edmund Kendal Grimston, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), late oomdg. 19th Hussars, ret. 
1907 ; Egypt and Soudan 1882-5, S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1859 (gt. grandson of 6th Bt.). Club, 
Nav. and Mil. 

AYLMER, Col. Fenton John, C.B. (Mil. 1907), 
(1891), R.E., com. of a Brigade in India as 
Brig.-Gen. : b. 1862. 

AYR, Viscount (Scot. 1622)— see "Bute, M. 

AYSCOUGH (PERRY-), Hon. Mrs. George, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Congleton. 

AYTOUN, Maj. Andrew, D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. 
and Suthd. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as Lt.- 
Col., was with Colon. Forces in Queensld. 1898 and 
his been A.A.G. to Mil. Forces of Commonwth., 
now comdg. 91st Regt. : b. i860. Res., Stirling. 


BABLSTGTON, Mai. David Melville, CLE. 
(1907), R.A., Supt. of Cordite Factory, Welling- 
ton : b. 1863. 

BABINGTON", Maj. -Gen. James Melville, 
C.B. (Mil. 1907) C.M.G. (1906) ; late 16th Lancers, 
ret. 1907 ; Bechuanaland, 1884-5, Boer War 1899- 
1901, was A.A.G. in India 1896-9, late Comdt. of 
N.Z. Defence Forces : b. 1854. 

BABTIE, Col. William, C.M.G. (1899), 
Uffi (1899), M.B., L.R.C.P., A.M.S., a Kt. of 
Grace Sr.. John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-8, S. Africa 
1899-1900, now Insp. of Med. Services : b. 1859. 
Res., The Warren, Shooter's Hill, Woolwich. 

BACKHOUSE, Baronet. Sir Jonathan Ed- 
mund Backhouse, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1901), a D.L. for N. 
Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
son of the late Edmd. Backhouse, Esq., of Tre- 
bab, Cornwall : b. 1849, widower. Heir, his son 
Edmund Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Oliver, Lieut. R.N., b. 1876). Seats, Uplands, 
Darlington; The Rookery, Middleton Tyas S.O., 

BACKHOUSE, Col. Julius Batt, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late East Kent Regt. (the Buffs) ; Zulu 
War 1879, and S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1854. 


130 BAG Directory of Peerage, 


BACKHOUSE, Maj. Miles Eoland Charles, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northumbd. Imper. Yeom.; S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1878 (4th son of above Bt.). 

BACON, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 
Bacon, 11th Bt. of Eedgrave {Eng. 1611, Premier 
Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhail, Eng. 
1627), F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
1887), a Co. Aid. for Lindsey Div., formerly 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 16th Bt., b. 1855, 
sue. 1872. Heir pres., bis bro. Nicholas Henry 
(b. 1857 ; 2nd beir, latter' s son Edmund Castell, 
b. 1903). Seat, Thonock Hall, Gainsborough, 
Lines. ; town res., Queen Anne's Mansns., St. 
James's Pk., S.W. 

*** The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Verulam, commonly, 
but incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St. Albans (a fac-simile of his autograph in 
Doyle's 'Baronage' gives it as St. Alban), ail his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Roger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son, Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became 1st Bt. 

BACON, Capt. Eeginald Hugh Spencer, 
C.V.O. (1907), D.S.O. (1897), E.N., Benin 1897, 
now Chf. of Staff, Home Fleet, author of a 
' Manual of Electric Lighting for the Navy : ' 
b. 1863. 

BADCOCK, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Theophila Lowther, dau. of J. S. Dumergue, 
Esq.), mar. 1865 Gen. Sir Alex. E. Badcock, 
K.C.B., late Q.M.G. in India (d. 1907). 

BADCOCK, Maj. Francis Frederick, D.S.O. 
(1892), LA. , Hazara'1888 and 1891, 2nd Miran- 
zai, Hunza Nagar, Waziristan, and Tirah 1897-8 : 
b. 1867 (son of preceding). 

BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 
late Controller of London Postal Service, in 
G.P.O. 1858-1905: b. 1840. Res., Springfield, 
Brodrick Ed., Upp. Tooting, S.W. 

BAGGE, Baronet. Sir Alfred Thomas Bagge, 
3rd Bt. {U.K. 1867), retired Capt. E.N. (served 
in China 1857-61), a D.L. for Norfolk : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1843, sue. 1881, mar. 1872 
Millicent Case, dau. of the late Jno. G. Morris, 
Esq. Heir, his son Alfred William Francis 
(b. 1875; 2nd heir, next son, John Picton, b. 
1877). Seat, Stradsett Hall, Downham, Norfolk. 

BAGGE, Baronet's Widow {remrrd.). Alice, 
Lady B., dau. of the late Alf. Giles, Esq., mar., 
1st, 1865, Sir Wm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
2ndly, 1889, Wm. Wainwiight, Esq., but retains 
title by right. 

BAGGE, Maj. Eichard Ludwig, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 3rd Batt. Norf. Eegt. (Mil.); S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1872. Res., Islington Hall, 
King's Lynn. 

BAGGE, Stephen Salisbury, C.M.G. (1907), a 
Provincial Commissi', in E. Afr. Protectorate. 

BAGNOLD, Col. Arthur Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1907), E.E., Bdg. Supt. for Ordn. Factories: b. 

BAGOT, family name of following Baronv. 

BAGOT, Baron. William Bagot, 4th Bn. 
{Gt. Br.) and a Bt., F.S.A., F.L.S. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Chamb. and Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in comd. Stafl'ordsh. 
Yeom., formerly A.D.C. to Gov. -Gen. of Canada : 
son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1857 ; sue. 1887 (C) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian Marie, dau. of the late Mr. Henry 

May, of Maryland, TJ.S.A. Seats, Blithfield, 
Eugeley, Staffs. ; Pool Pk., Euthin, Denbighsh. 


Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1627; Bn. Bagot, Gt. Br. 
1780.— Sir Wm. Bagot, 1st Bn. , was M. P. for Staffordshire ; 
the and was a distinguished scientist. 

Titled Relatives, 
Issue of present {4th) Bn.: 

Hon. Barbara B., b. 1905. ^ 

Surviving issue of 2>-d Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaw, prev. 
Hamar Bass, b. 1853, mar. 1901, 2nd husb., Rev. 
Bemd. 1). Douglas S., Vic. of Ch. Ch. Albany St., 
AV. Res., 5 Hereford Gdns., Park Ln., W. 

(Present Bakon, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Katherine Jane, now Hon. Mrs. David Smythe, 
b. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray 8. Res., 
Methven Castle, Perth. 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Mrs. 
Newdigate-Ncivdegate, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1861, mar. i883 Fras. Alex. Newdigate, 
Esq., who assumed the addit. name of Newdegate 
1902. Res., Arbury, Nuneaton, Warwicks. ; West 
Hallam, Derby. 

Hon. Walter Lewis B., heir pres. to Barony, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., served in S. Africa 
iqoo-i, late Capt. 1st Batt. Gren. Gds. : b. 1864, 
mar. 1892 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. of the late 
Hon. Fredk. W. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl Cadogan 
(Hon. Mrs. Walter B.). (2nd heir, his son Edward 
Lewis Henry, b. 1896.) 

BAGOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lucy 
Francesca, dau. of the late Edmund G. Hornby, 
Esq.), mar. 1851 Sir Chas. S. Bagot, Kt. Bach., 
an Hon. Commissr. in Lunacy (d. 1906). Res., 
The Gables, East Sheen, Mortlake, S.W. 

BAGOT, Col. Charles Hervey, C.B. (Mil. 
1900), E.E. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-9, Beehuanald. 
1884-5, late Dep. Insp.-Gen. of Fortiflcns. : b. 
1847. i?es,, Brook Cottage, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

BAHEIA— see " Delia Bahria." 

BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BAILEY, Knight (1). Sir James Bailey, Kt. 
Bach. (1905), a D.L. for Norfolk, late an M.P. 
(C), one of the founders of the Constit. Club: 
b. 1840, mar. 1896, 2nd wife, Lily, dau. of 
the late Adolphus Fass, Esq. Res., Lofts Hall, 
Saffron Walden ; 58 Eutland Gt., S.W. 

BAILEY, Knight (2). Sir William Henry 
Bailey, Kt. Bach. (1894), Manag. Dir. of W. H. 
Bailey and Co., Mayor of Salford 1893-4 and Past 
Pres. of Manch. Assoc. of Engineers and Manch. 
Eeform Club., a Dir. of Ebbw Steel Co., a pioneer 
of the Ship Canal: b. 1838, widower. Res., Sale 
Hall, Cheshire, nr. Manchester. 

BAILEY, Capt. Arthur Harold, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Lanes. Eegt.; Ehodesia 1896-7 and 
Boer War 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. John, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lyttelton— see " Cobham." 

BAILEY, Capt. Percy James, D.S.O. (1902), 
12th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1902, now Qmr. 
in Cav. School : b. 1873 (son of above Sir Jas. 

BAILEY, Eowland, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
I.S.O. (1904), Controller of Stationery Office, prev. 
of Stores, Works Office. Res., 3 Prince's St., 
Westminster, S.W. 

BAILEY, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 
1906), F.E.G.S., barrister-at-law, has been Lect. 
in Polit. Econ. and Exam, in English Lit. to 
Intermed. Educn. Board, now an Estimates 
Commissr. in Ireld. : b. 1857. Res., 3 Earlsfort 
Terr., Dublin. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BAlLEY, William Henry, I.S.O. (1905), 
Colon. Postmr., Barbados, prev. Begistr. to 
Legisi. Counc. ; b. 1855. & es -> Bridgetown. 

BAILLIE, Baronet. Sir Gawain George 
Stuart Baillie, 5th Bt. of Polkemmet {U.K. 
1823), son of 4th Bt., b. 1893, sue. 1907. Heir 
pres., bis bro. Adrian William Maxwell 
(b. 1898 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s uncle William, b. 1861). 

BAILLIE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Mary, 
Lady B., dau. of Stair H. Stewart, Esq., mar. 
1846 Sir Wm. Baillie, 2nd Bt. (d. 1890) . Res., Pol- 
kemmet, Whitburn S.O., Linlithgowsh. — (2) 
Lady B. (Isabel, dau. of the late David E. Wilkie, 
Esq., of Melbourne), mar. 1887 Sir Bobt. Alex. 
Baillie, 4th Bt. (d. 1907). 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Yisc. Boyne. 

BAILLIE, Lt.-Col. Augustus Charles, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Hon. Lt.-Col. in Army ; S. Africa 1900-2, 
now Maj. Lovat's Scouts : b. 1861. 

BAILLIE, Lady Blanche Harriet Emma, 
sist. of 4th E. of Malmesbury. 

BAILLIE, Col. James Evan Bruce, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), V.D., Comdt. and Hon.-Col. 
Highld. E.G. A. Vols., formerly M.P. for Inver- 
ness-sh. (C.) : b. 1859. lies., Dochfour, Inverness; 
71 Sth. Audley St.,W. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of Bn. Burton, 
and wife of preceding. 

BAILLIE, Lieut. John Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), 
S. African Constab., late with Ind. Police ; Boer 
War 1901-2: b. 1874. 

BAILLIE (COCHRANE-), family name of 
Lamington Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

B AILLIE-HAMILTON— see ' ' Hamilton (B .-)' ' 

BAINBBIDGE, Knight. Col. Sir Edmond 
Bainbridge, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), R.A. retd. (1898), 
late Supt. of Ordn. Factories and of Boy. Labora- 
tory, Woolwich, has also been Instr. to Sch. of 
Gunnery, Sec. of Ordn. Cmttee., &c. : b. 1841, 
mar. 1881, 2nd wife, Kate, dau. of Jno. Page, 
Esq. Res., Sheringham S.O., Norfolk. 

BAINBBIDGE, Capt. Norman Bruce, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Bid. Begt. ; Boer War 1899-1901, now 
an Ordn. Offr. 3rd class : b. 1869. 

BAINBBIDGE, Capt. William Frank, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), LA. ; N. W. Frontier 1897-8, China igoo : 
b. 1873. 

BAINES, Bishop — see "Natal," and note 
" Baynes " as distinct. 

BAINES, Knight, Sir (Jervoise) Athel- 
stane Babies, Kt. Bach. (1905), C.S.I. (1894), 

F. E.G.S., F.B.S.S. (Hon. Sec), late Aid. L.C.C., in 
I.C.S. 1870-95, author of several statistical works 
on India, &c. : b. 1847, mar. 1874 Constance, dau. 
of the late Henry Pyne, Esq. Res., Home Close, 
Kidlington, Oxford. 

BAINES, Frederick Ebenezer, C.B. (Civ. 
1885), late Surv.-Gen. of Telegrs. and Assist. Sec. 

G. P.O., ret. 1893, is author of several works : b. 
1832. Res., Tunb. Wells. 

BAIBD, Baronet of Newbyth. Sir David 
Baird, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1809), a D.L. for Co. 
Haddington and Commissr. of Supply for 
Midlothian, formerly Maj. 98th Begt. and of 
74th Highldrs., served in Kaffir and Crimean 
Wars and in Mutiny : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1832, 
sue. 1852, mar. 1864 Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of 
12th Bn. Blantyre (Hon. Lady Baird of Newbyth). 
Heir, his son Capt. David B. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, William Arthur, b. 1879) . Seat, Newbyth 
House, Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. 

*** This line is a branch of the following. The 1st 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.C.B., was a distinguished 

military commander ftkd figured at the capture of 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corunna. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Saughton. Sir 
William James Gardiner Baird, 8th Bt. (Scot. 
1696), 'late Lt.-Col. comdg. Lothians and Ber- 
wicks. Imper. Yeora. (ret. 1906), formerly Lieut. 
7th Hussars, is a Commissr. of Supply for Mid- 
lothian : son of 7^b Bt., b. i854> sue. 1896, 
mar. 1879 Hon. Arabella Eose Evelyn Hosier, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands (Hon. Lady Baird of 
Saughton Hall). Heir, his son James Hozier 
Gardiner (lb. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Frank Gardiner, b. 1885). Res., Luchie, Nth. 
Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Urie. Sir Alexander 
Baird, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1897), Eord Lieut, of Kin- 
cardinesh., and a D.L. for Invemess-sh. and for 
Co. of City of Aberdeen : son of the late Jno. 
Baird, Esq., b. 1849, widower (having mar. Hon. 
Annette M. Palk, dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, 
his son John Lawrence, C.M.G., q.v. (2nd heir, 
next son, Alexander Walter Frederick, D.S.O., 
q.v.). Seat, Urie, Stonehaven, Kincardinesh. 

BAIED, Hon. Ladies— see under above Bts. 
of Newbyth and Saughton Hall. 

BAIED, Knight. Adm. Sir John Kennedy 
Erskine Baird, K.C.B. (Mil. 1890), served in 
Eussian War and commanded Chan. Squad. 
1888-90, ret. 1897, was a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria : bro. of Sir David Baird, Bt. of New- 
byth; b. 1833, mar. 1905 Constance Barbara, dau. 
of the late Edwd. Clark, Esq., of Chard. Res.. 
31 Cadogan PL, S.W. 

BAIED, Maj . Alexander Walter Frederick, 

D. S.O. (1902), Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 
as a Staff -Capt. : b. 1876 (son and 2nd heir of 
above Bt. of Urie) . 

BAIED, Col. Andrew Wilson, C.S.I. (1897), 

E. E. retd., F.E.S., F.E.G.S., A.M.I.C.E., Fell. 
Imper. Inst, (on Governing Body), Abyss. 1867, 
was Dep. Supt. of Great Trigonometr. Surv. of 
India, late Master of Calcutta Mint: b. 1842. 
Res., Palmer's Cross, Elgin. 

BAIRD, Lady Ethel Sydney, dau. of 9th E. 
of Kintore and wife of the under-mentioned Jno. 
L. Baird, C.M.G. 

BAIRD, Capt. Henry Hume Chisholm, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 as 
Signalling Offr. : b. 1878. Res., Oxford Lodge, 

BAIED, John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), a 
2nd Sec. in Diplom. Serv. (Abyssinia and Somali- 
land), Capt. Scott. Imper. Yeom., and a D.L. for 
Kincardinesh. : son and heir of above Bt. of Urie, 
b. 1874, mzr. 1905 the above Lady Ethel B. Res., 
45 Eue de Pomereu, Paris. 

BAKEE, Baronet of Lovenfor—see " Ehodes." 

BAKEE, Baronet of Ranston (or of Ashcombe) . 
Sir Eandolp Littlehales Baker, 4th Bt. 
(U.K. 1802), B.A., Lieut. Dorset Imper. Yeom. : 
son of 3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No present 
heir. Seat, Eanston, Blandford, Dorset. 

BAKEE, Baronet's Widow of Ranston. Lady 
B. (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. Marryat), 
mar. 1875, as 2nd wife, Eev. Sir Talbot H. B. 
Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 1900). Res., 
with Sir Eandolf . 

BAKEE, Baronet of Richmond. His Honour 
Sir George Sherston Baker, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 
1796), Eecorder of Bamstanle and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has been a 
Eevising Barrister and an Examiner to the Four 
Inns of Court, is editor of several legal works : 

h a 

132 BAK 

gt. grandson of ist Bt. and ist cousin once 
rem. of 3rd ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1873 
Jane Mary, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Fegen, Esq., 
C.B., R.N. Heir, his son Dodington George 
Richard Sherston (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, next 
son, John Dunstan Sherston, b. 1882). lies., 
Dunstable House, Richmond, Surrey ; 18 Caven- 
dish Rd., St. John's Wd., N.W. ; chamb.,3 Middle 
Temple Ln., E.G., and 13 Bank St., Lincoln. 

BAKER, Knight (1). Sir Augustine Fitz- 
Gerald Baker, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., was Pres. 
1903 of Incorp. Law Soc. of Ireld. : b. 1851. Res., 
56 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BAKER, Knight (2). Sir John Baker, Kt. 
Bach. (1895), M.P. for Portsmouth (//.), a woollen 
merchant, twice Mayor of Portsmouth and was 
Chmn. of Sch. Bd. for 21 years: b. 1828, widower. 
Res., North End House, Portsmouth; 4 Queen's 
Gdns., Hove, Brighton. 

BAKER, Knight (3). Hon. Sir Richard 
Chaffey Baker, K.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., K.C., 
Pres. of first Senate of Austral. Commonwealth, 
prev. nine years Pres. of Leg. Counc. S. Aust., 
where he had been Attorney-Gen., Min. of Justice, 
&c. : b. 1842, mar. 1865 Katherine Edith, dau. of 
Richd. B. Colley, Esq. Res., Morialta, Norton's 
Summit, nr. Adelaide, and Melbourne. 

BAKER, Knight's Widow. Lady^. (Florence, 
dau. of M. Finnian von Sass), mar. i860, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Saml. W. Baker, F.R.S., distinguished 
African traveller (d. 1893) . Res., Sandford Orleigh, 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BAKER, Maj. Arthur Brander, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Imper. Bushmen; Hazara 1888, 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1868. 

BAKER, Edward Norman, C.S.I. (1900), has 
been Financ. Sec. to Govts, of Bengal and India, 
also a Dep. Commissr., now an M.L.C. of Bengal 
and Financ. Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy : b. 1857. 
Res., Calcutta. 

BAKER, Col. George, C.B. (Mil. 1887), 67th 
Regt. retd. ; China i860, Afghn. 1878-80, and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. 20th Regtl. Dist 1891-6 : b. 
1840. Res., Manor Farm, Frindsbury, Rochester. 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of 18th Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Maj. Robert Joseph, D.S.O. (1902), 
Qmr. and Hon. Maj. 5th Batt. Rov. Dubl. Fus. 
(Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1856. 'Res., 138 Sth. 
Circular Rd., Dublin. 

BALA R. VARMA— see " Travancore." 

BALCARRES, Earl of (Scot. 1651) — see 

BALCARRES (pron. Balcar'rez), Lord (by 
courtesy) , M.P., eld. son and Heir of E. of Crawford 
and Balcarres, q .v. Title varied from one of those 
of the Earldom, " Baron Lindsay of Balcarres." 

BALCHANDRA (Bhal-)— see " Bhatawa- 

BALDOCK, Col. Thomas Stanford, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.A., S. Africa 1901-2, was Brig. -Maj. R.A. 
in Malta 1890-4, now comdg. an Artill. Brigade as 
temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 1854. Res., Bapchild Ct., 
Sittingbourne, Kent. 

BALD WIN, Maj. Guy Melfort, D.S.O. (1896), 
I.A., Hazara 1888, ChitraJ Relief, N.W. Front. 
1897-8, now a D.A.A.G. Northn. Comd. India : 
b. 1865. Res., Rawal Pindi, Punjab. 

BALE, Knight. Hon. Sir Henry Bale, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), F.R.C.I., Ch. Justice of Natal, 
formerly Attorn. -Gen. and Minister of Educn., 
also Chmn. of various Cmttees., and hay 
twice admind. Govt, and been requested to form a 
Ministry, appd. Q.C. 1897 : D - J 854» mar. 1904, I 


2nd wife, Margaret Annie, dau. of the late W. F. 
Berning. Esq. Res. h Hillside; Pietermaritzburg. 

BALFOUR, family name of Kinross Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1885, I. 
1887), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., M.P. 
for City of London (C), an Elder Brother of 
Trinity House, a D.L. for Haddintitonsh., late 
Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury 
(1902-5) ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh Univ., late 
Lord Rector of St. Andrews and Glasgow, and 
has been Ch. Sec. for Ireland (1887-91), Sec. for 
Scotland, Pres. of Local Govt. Bd.,and Assist. 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, having accom- 
panied the Spec. Mission of Lords Beaconsfield 
and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878 ; was Pres. of 
Brit. Assoc. 1904 ; author of ' Foundations of 
Belief,' 'A Defence of Philosophic Doubt,' and 
other works : son of the late Jas. Maitland 
Balfour, Esq., and of Lady Blanche Cecil, sist. 
of late Marq. of Salisbury ; b. July 25, 1848 ; 
unmrrd. Res., Whittingehame, Prestonkirk, 
Haddingtonsh. ; 4 Carlton Gdns., Pall Mall, S.W. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
Gerald William Balfour, P.C. (Irel. 1895, Gt. 
Br. 1900), M.A., late an M.P. (C.) and Pres. of 
Loc. Govt. Bd.,prev. of Bd. of Trade and Chief 
Sec. for Ireland : b. 1853 (younger bro. of pre- 
ceding), mar. 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Lytton, 
dau. of 1st E. of Lytton (Lady Betty Balfour). 
Res., Fishers Hill, Woking, Surrey. 

BALFOUR, Lady " Betty," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lytton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of 8th D. of 

BALFOUR, Lady Helena ("Nina"), dau. of 
10th E. of Antrim. 

BALFOUR. Col. John Edmond Heugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Lt.-C^l. comdg. and Hon. Col. Roy. 1st 
Devon Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as 
A.D.C. : b. 1863. Res. Sidmouth Manor, Devon. 

BALFOUR of BURLEIGH, Baron. Alex- 
ander Hugh Bruce, 6th Bn. (Scot.), a, Scot. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1892), 
M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., a D.L. for Clackmannan, 
and Chanc. of St. Andrews Univ., late Sec. for 
Scotland (with seat in the Cabinet) , formerly Pari. 
Sec. to Bd. of Trade, a Lord in Waiting to 
Queen Victoria, and Capt. Highld. Bord. Militia ; 
has been Chmn. of four Commssns. : son of Robert 
Bruce, Esq., a descendant of 4th Bn. ; b. Jan. 13, 
1849 ; sue. 1869, when the Barony was relieved of 
the attainder under which it had lain from 1716 
(0.) ; mar. 1876 Lady Katherine Eliza Hamilton- 
Gordon, dau. of 5th E. of Aberdeen. Seat, 
Kennet, Alloa, Clackmannansh. ; town res., 
47CadoganSq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Scot. 1607.— Sir 
Michael Balfour (Kt.), the ist Bn., was Ambassador to 
the Duke of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 
pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of his sister, who 
had married Brig.-Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (6th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary B., b. 1877. 
Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1879. 
Master of Burleigh, heir to Barony : Hon. Robert 
I>\, Lieut, and Batt. Argyll and Suthd. Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1880. 
Hon. George John Gordon B., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Victoria Alexandrina Katherine B., b, 1898. 

Directory of Peerage, 


Baronetage, Knightage, & 




Sist. of present Bn. (advanced to rank of a Bn.'s 
daughter 1870) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1849.) 

Hon. Henrietta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Claud Hamil- 
ton, b. 1850, mar. 1874 the late Claud H. H., Esq. (d. 
1900). Res., Dunmore Pk., Larbert, Stirlingsh. ; 
Cochna, Duntocher, Duinbartonsh, nr. Glasgow. 
BALGONIE, Baron (Scot. 1641), a title of E. of 
Leven and Melville, borne by the heir when a son. 

BALLNHARD, Baron (U.K. 1869), Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Knight (1). Sir Charles Bent Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), M.D., F.R.C.S.I., Beg. Prof, 
of Surg, in Trin. Coll. Dublin and an Hon. Surg, 
to H.M. in Ireld., a memb. of Gen. Med. Counc. 
and of Advisory Bd. of Army Med. Serv. : b. 1851 
(bro. of foilg.), mar. 1874 Annie Julia, dau. of the 
late Danl. Kinahan, Esq. Res., 24 Merrion Sq., 

BALL, Knight (2) . Sir Robert Stawell Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1886), M.A., LL.D., E.R.S., F.R.S.E., 
F.R.A.S. (Past Pres.), late Royal Astronomer 
for Ireland, now Lowndean Prof, of Astron. and 
Geom. at Cambridge and Scient. Adviser to 
Commissrs. of Irish Lights, well known as a 
mathematician and astronomer, and also as a 
popular author and lecturer : b. 1840, mar. 1868 
Frances Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele, 
Esq. Res., Observatory, Cambridge. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in 1901 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. Bes., 
Hereford House, Kloof St., Cape Town. 

BALLANCE, Charles Alfred, M.V.O. (4th 
Class,i9o6), F.R.C.S. and Fell. Roy. Med. Chirurg. 
Soc., Surg, and Lect. to St. Thomas's Hosp. and 
to Nat. Hosp. for Paralysed, Pres. of Med. Soc. 
of Lond., Exam, in Surg, to Lond. Univ., and an 
Hon. Surg, to H.M. : b. 1856. Bes., 106 Harley 

BALLANTYNE, Knight. Sir Henry Ballan- 
tyne, Kt. Bach. (1906), a leading memb. of the 
Lib. Party in Peeblesh. Bes., Minden, Peebles. 

BALLARAT, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Vincent Green, LL.D., 2nd Bishop, late 3rd 
Bishop of Grafton and Armidale, formerly 
Archdn. of Ballarat and Exam, in Hist, and Polit. 
Econ. to Melbourne Univ. : b. 1857, mar. 1880, 
cons, to Grafton 1894, transl. 1900. Bcs., Bishops- 
court, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLARD, Henry, C.M.G. (1901), Port Capt. 
at Durban, Natal : b. 1840. Bes., Point, Natal. 

BALLINBRTECH, Baron (Scot. 1458), a title 
of E. of Rothes. 

BALLY, Maj.-Gen. John Foro, C.V.O. (1903), 
R.A. retd. (1905) ; Zululd 1879, Supt. of Sch. of 
Gunnery 1897-1902, late comdg. R.A. at Gib- 
raltar : b. 1845. 

BALLYMOTE, Baron (Irel. 1628) — see 
" Taaffe Vise." 

BALNIEL, Baron (Scot. 1651)— sfte " Crawford, 
E. of." 

BALQUHIDDER, Viscount (Scot. 1676), and 
BALQHDR., GLENALMOND, &c. (1703)— see 
" Atholl, D. of." 

BALRAMPUR— see "Bhagwati." 

BALRATH, Baron AYLMER de (Irel. 1718) 
—see " Aylmer, Bn." 

BALVAIRD, Baron (Scot. 1641), a title of the 
Mansfield Earldom. 

BAL VENDS &c, Babon (Scot. 1676) — see 
" Atholl. D. of." 

BALWEARIE &e., Baron (Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO. Duquesa del— see " Del Balzo." 

B AMBER, Herbert Kelway. M.V.O. '=c+h 

Class, 1906), Supt. Carriage Dept., E. Ind. Rail. : 
b. 1862. Bes., Holmwood, Lilloah, E. Ind. Rail. 

BAM, Knight. Capt. Sir Pieter Canzius van 
Blomwfstein Bam, Kt. Bach. (1907), M.L.A. of 
Cape Col., Chmn. of Exec. Cmttee. of S. Afr. 
Products Exhibn. 1907, Capt. retd. of Cape Gam- 
son Artill., served in Boer War: b. 1869. Bes., 
Sea Point, Cape Town. 

BAMPFYLDE, family name of Poltimore 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Baronet. Sir Frederick George 
Banbury, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), M.P for City of 
London ( C.) , a partner in Fredk. Banbury and Sons, 
stockbrokers: son of the late Fredk. Banbury,Esq., 
of Shirley ; b. 1850, mar. 1873 Elizabeth Rosa, dau. 
of the late Thos. B. Beale, Esq. Heir, his son 
Charles William (b. 1877; no 2nd heir). Seat, 
Warneford PL, Highworth, Swindon ; town res., 
41 Lowndes St., S.W. ; offices, 23 Old Broad St., 

BANCROFT, Knight. Sir Squire Bancroft 
Bancroft, Kt. Bach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of theold Prince of Wales's Theatre, aftds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 
as a reader on behalf of charities : b. 1841, mar. 
1867 Marie Erne Wilton, well-known actress. Res., 
White Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea S.O., Kent; 18 
Berkeley Sq., W. 

BAND ARAN AIKE, Knight. Sir Don Solo- 
mon Dias Abeywickrama Jayetilleke Sene- 
wiratne BanJaranaike, Kt. Bach. (1907), C.M.G. 
(1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon, Mohandirum 
of the Governor's Gate, and a native A.D.C. to 
Gov., acted as Extra A.D.C. to H R.H. the Duke 
of York (Prince of Wales) during his visit to 
Ceylon in 1902 : b. 1862, mar. 18— Daisy Ezline, 
dau. of Hon. S. C. Obeyesekere, M.L.C. Bes., 
Horagolla, Veyangoda, Ceylon. 

BANDINI, Marchese— see " Giustiniani-B." 

BANDINI (GIUSTINIANI-), family name of 
Newburgh Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
" Hons." (See " Ginstiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Earl of. J ames Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl (Irel.), an Irish Repres. Peer (el. 
1881), K.P. (1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Artill. Mil., was on Staff of D. of Abereorn (Ld. 
Lieut.) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E. ; b. Sept. 12, 1850 ; 
sue. 1877 (C.) ; mar. 1876 Hon. Georgiana 
Dorothea Harriet Evans-FreJce, dau. of 7th Bn. 
Carbery. Seat, Castle Eernard, Bandon, Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bandon, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
r 79S; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1800.— The 1st 
Peer was M.P. for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles successively 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of 3rd E. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Aid- 
worth, b. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Col. Richd. Wm. A. 
(d. 1899). Res., Newmarket Ct., Newmarket S.O., 
Co. Cork. 

Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ) Res., 78 

Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1843. } Chester 
Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1844. ) Sq.., S.W. 

(Present Earl, b. 1850.) 

Lady Kathleen Frances, now Lady K. Gaussen, b. 
1853, mar. 1885 Alfd. W. Geo. (?., Esq. Res., 3 Wal- 
pole St., Chelsea, S.W. 
Heir pres. to Earldom (a 1st cousin) : 

Capt. Percy Brodrick. B., B.A., a I).L. for Co. Gal- 
way, formerly Capt. Roy. Munster Fus. (Mil.), 
once an M.P. and Priv Sec. to two Viceroys of 
Ireld. : son of Rt. Rev. the Hon. Chas. B. Bernard, 
Bp. of Tuam; b. 1844, mar. i960, 3rd wife, Eva, 
dau. of the late Henry Tloare, Esq. Res.. Castle 
Hackett, T'iam. Co. Galway (2nd beir, his son 

134 BAN Directory 

I BAND ON BBIDGE, Baron (irel. 1628) — 

see " Cork and O., E. of." 
BANEBJEE, Sir Gooeoo Dass, Kt. Bach. (1904), 

M.A., LL.D., late a Puisne Judge of the High 

Ct. at Fort William, Bengal, and an M.L.C. 

and Vice-Chanc. of Calcutta Univ., has been a 
. Prof, or Lect. on Mathematics and Law, and 

memb. of theUnivs.Commssn. : b. 1844, inar.1861. 

lies., 19 Sastitala Bd., Narikeldanga, Calcutta. 
BANFIELD, Col. Bees John Francis, C'.B. 

(Mil. 1900-1 ), Welsh Begt.retd. (1906) , now comdg. 
I Welsh Vol. Inf. Brigade ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 

late Ch. Staff Offr. at Gibraltar : b. 1850. 
BANGOB, Bishop of. Bt. Eev. Watkin 

Herbert Williams, D.D., 72nd Bp., late Archdn., 

Canon Bes., and Dean of St. Asaph: son of Sir 

Hugh Wlliams, 3rd Bt. of Bodelwyddan; b. 

Aug.22, 1845 ; mar. 1879, cons. 1899, ent. Lords 1904 
■(C). Bes. , Glyngarth Palace, Menai Bridge S. O. , 

Anglesey ; Pant Eidal, Machynlleth, Montgom. 
BANGOB,_Viscount. Henry William Crosbie 

Ward, 5th Vise. (Irel.), an Irish Bepres. Peer 

(el. 1885), a D.L. for Co. Down, formerly Capt. 

43rd Begt., served in Kami' War 1851-3 : son of 
|3rd V. and bro. of 4th; b. July 26, 1828 ; sue. 
'1881 (C) ; mar., 1st, 1854, the late Mary, dau. of 

the late Be v. Hy. King (she died 1869) ; 2ndly, 
\ 1874, Elizabeth, dau. of the late Maj. Hugh Eccles. 
[Seat, Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bangor (Down), 1770 ; Vise. B. 1781. 
—The 1st Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Co. Down. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of -present (yh) V.: 

Hon. Harriette Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Waller, 
b. 1856, mar. 1881 Maj. -Gen. Jno. Edmd. W. Res., 
Aughnacloy, Killiney S.O., Co. Dublin. 

The deceased Henry S. Andrew W., b. 1837, <L l8 6o. 

Hon. Kathleen Annette Norah W. , b. 18^9. 

Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Kenned}/, 
b. i860, mar. 1883 Robt. Jno. K., Esq., C.M.G., q.v. 

The deceased Mary Henrietta IF., b. & d. 1861. 

The late Hon. Edward William Hy. W., b. 1863, d. 18S7. 

Hon. Emily Gecrgiana W. , b. 1S65. 

Hon. Maxwell Richard Crosbie W., heir to Vis- 
county, Maj. R.A. and late serving on Staff in 
Canada, now Capt. of Legation Gel., Peking : b. 
1868, mar. 1905 Agnes Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Dacre Hamilton, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Ward). Club, 
Ai-my and Navy. (2nd heir, his son Edward Henry 
Harold, b. 190s.) 

Surviving issue of 3rd V. (bros. of present) : 1 
(The late 4th Viscount, 1). 1827, d. unmrrd. 1881.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1828.) 

Lt.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew W., C'.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Maj, -Gen. and Hon. Lt.-Gen., served in Crimea, 
retired 1886, is Col. Suffolk Regt. : b. 1831, mar. 
1873, 2nd wife, Laura, dau. of Maj. -Gen. Evan 
Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard W.). Res., 
Stapiecross, Christchurch, Hants. 

Capt. Hon. Somerset Kichard Hamilton Augusta W.. 
formerly of 17th Foot, served in Crimea and 
Mutiny: b. 1833, mar. 1859 Norah Mary Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Lord George Augusta Hill, son of 
2nd M. of Downshire (Hon. Mrs. Somerset W.). 
Res., Carrowdore Castle, Newtownards, Co. Down. 

— Dau.-in-law : 

lion. Mrs. William W. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
la te Lt.-Col. Hon. Richd. Hare, bro. of 2nd E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 the late Adm. Hon. Wm. 
Jno. W., of long nav. and diplom. service (d. 1900). 

BANKABT, Fleet-Surg. Arthur B,eginald, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1898), M.B., B.N., late 
! Surg. Ocean Steamship Co., now to Boy. Yacht 
I 'Victoria and Albert,' and Hon. Phys. to H.M. : 
j b. 1868. Club, Boy. Socs. 

BANKS, Knight. Sir John (Thomas) Banks, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1889), M.D., LL.D., D.Sc, a D.L. 

of Peerage, BAR 

for Monaghan (High Sheriff 1891), an Hon. Phys. 
to H.M. in Ireld., andex-Pres. of Boy. Col. Phys. 
and Boy. Acad. Med. in Ireld. and of Brit. Med. 
Assoc., a memb. of Senate of Boy. Univ. : b. 1817, 
widower. Bes., 45 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BANKS, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eliza- 
beth Bathbone, dau of Jno. Elliott, Esq.), mar. 
1874 Sir Wm. Mitchell Banks, M.D., Emeritus 
Prof, of Anatomy in Univ. Coll. Liverpool (d. 
1904). Bes., The Bungalow, Wallasey, Birken- 
head ; Bodney House, Normanton Avenue, Sef ton 
Pk., Liverpool. 

BANKS, Maj. Henry John Archibald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Hants. Begt.; S. Africa 1899-1901, 
now an Ordn. Offr. 1st class : b. 1869. 

BANNEBMAN, Baronet. Sir Alexander 
Bannerman, 11th Bt.' (Scot. 1682), Maj. B.E., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902, now a Staff-Capt. 
at Headqrs. : son of 10th Bt., b. 1871, sue. 1901. 
Heir pres., his 2nd eous. once rem. the under- 
mentioned Gen. William B., C.B. (2nd heir, 
latter' s son Capt. Wyndham Philip B., b. 1870). 
Bes., 45 Pennsylvania, Exeter. 

BANNEBMAN, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Anne Mary, dau. of the late Bichd. Brooke, 
Esq.), mar. 1869 Sir George Bannerman, 10th 
Bt. (d. 1901). Bes., 45 Pennsylvania, Exeter. 

BANNEBMAN, Maj. Arthur D'Arcy 
Gordon, CLE. (1903), LA., a Polit, Agent in 
Bajputana: b. 1866. 

BANNEBMAN, Gen. Willi am, C.B. (Mil. 1887), 
LA. Supernum. List ; Punjab, Persia, Mutiny, 
China, and Afghn., is Col. 104th Wellesley's Bifles : 
b. 1828, heir to above Btcy. (gt. nephew of 6th Bt.) . 
Bes., Cheltenham. 

and Knight. Bt. Hon. Sir Henry Campbell- 
Bannerman, P.C.' (G. B. 1884, 7. 1885), G.C.B. (Civ. 
1895), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., M.P. for Stirling 
Burghs (L.), appd. 1905 Prime Min. and First 
Lord of the Treasury, is a D.L. for Kent, an 
Elder Bro. of Trin. House, formerly Sec. for War 
and for Ireland and to Admiralty : son of the late 
Sir Jas. Campbell of Straeathro, b. 1836, assumed 
name of Bannerman 1872, widower. Bes., Bel- 
mont Castle, Meigle S.O., Perthsh. ; town res., 10 
Downing St., S.W. 

BANTBY, Earldom op (Irel. 1816)— extinct 
from 1891 at death of 4th E. (surname White). 

Surviving Relatives. 
Daus. of 3rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilaun, b. 

1850, mar. 1871 1st Bn. A., q.v. 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1834, d. 1891.) 
Lady Jane Frances Anna, now Lady J. Kenney- 
Herbert, b. 1857, mar. 1876 Edwd. Maxwell K.-H., 
Esq. Res., 3 Kent Gdns., West Ealing, W. 

BANTBY, Earl's Widow (remrrd.). Countess 
of B. (now by 2nd mrrge. the Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, 1886, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2ndly, 1897— see "Trevor, Bn." 

BANWAB PAL— see " Karauli." 

BAEBADOS, Bishop of. Bt. Bev. William 
Proctor Swab?/, D.D., F.B.G.S., 5th Bp. (includ- 
ing Windward Is.), late Bp. of Guiana, was Vic. 
of Sunderld. 1884-93, author of various scient. and 
antiq. publications: b. 1844, cons, to Guiana 1893, 
transl. 1900. Bes., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BABBOUB, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1889), K.C.M.G. (1899), late ■ 
Financ. Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on various Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home : b. 1841, 
mar. 1883 Katherine Constance, dau. of the 


Baronetage, Knightage, <bc. 

BAB 135 

late Thos. Gribble, Esq. Res., Tiltwood, Craw- 
ley Down S.O., Sussex. 

BAEBY, Baroness von— see "Crowe, Kt.'s 

BARCLAY, Babonet. Sir David Edward 
Durell Barclay, 12th Bt. (Scot. 1668), formerly 
Capt. 19th Hussars, served in Egypt and Soudan : 
son of 11th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1896, mar. 1889 
Letitia, dau. of Hon. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, 
bro. of 3rd Bn. Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. 
Eobert Cecil de Belzim (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Colville Adrian de Rune, M.V.O., 
as below). Res., Parkhill, Bagshot, Camberley. 

BARCLAY, Baronets' "Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily, dau. of the late Jas. E. Staeey, 
Esq.), mar. 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir David W. 
Barclay, 10th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) Louise, Lady B. 
(Melanie Louise, dau. of the late Mons. E. J. de 
Belzim, of Mauritius), mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. 
D. Barclay, 11th Bt. (d. 1896). Res., 6 Avenue 
Marceau, Paris. 

BARCLAY, Knight. Sir Thomas Barclay, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), Ph.D., LL.B., memb. of Inst. 
Internat. Law Assoc., has been Exam, in Jurispr. 
to Oxfd. Univ. and Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of 
Commerce in Paris, was Paris Corresp. of the 
Times 1876-82, and is author of several works on 
law and of articles in Encyc. Brit., &c. : b. 1853, 
mar. 1877 Marie Therese, dau. of R. Teuscher, 
Esq., M.D., of Rio. Res., 17 Rue Pasquier, 
Paris; 30 Broad St., New York: chamb., 13 Old 
Sq., Line. Inn, W.C. 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cameron, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARCLAY, Colville Adrian de Rune, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), 1st Sec. to Legat. at Rio, 
prev. Councillor Brit. Embassy at Paris: b. 1869 
(bro. and 2nd heir of above Bt.). Res., Brit. 
Legat., Rio Janeiro. 

BARCLAY, George Head, C.V.O. (1906), 
C.M.G. (1898), late Counc. of Emb. at Tokio,prev. 
to Emb. at Budapest, prev. at Constantinople, 
"Washington, Rome, and Madrid : b. 1862. Res., 
Brit. Emb., Tokio. 

BARCLAY, Col. Henry Albert, C.V.O. (1906), 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. the King's Own 
Norf. Imper. Yeom. and A.D.C. to H.M., a D.L 
for Norfolk and Surrey : b. 1858. Res., Hanworth 
Hall, Norwich ; The Grange, Cromer. 

BARCLAY, Robert Buchanan, I.S.O. (1902), 
a Gen. Supt. and Insp. Offr. of Health in Loc. 
Govt. Bd. Scotld. : b. 1843. 

BARHAM, Baron (U.K. 1805)— see "Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BARHAM, Knight. Sir George Barham, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), a C.C. for E. Sussex, Mayor of 
Hampstead 1906, Chmn. of Dairy Supply Co. 
and of Express Dairy Co., and a memb. of Milk 
Standards Cmttee. of Bd. of Agric. 1900, was 
Pre3. of Dairy Confs. in Sweden and Denmark 
1897 : b. 1836, widower. Res., Snape, "Wadhurst 
S.O., Sussex; Danehurst, 112 Haverstock Hill, 

BARING, family name of the Northbrook 
and Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
and Revelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
lines as initialled : 

Hn.Alex.F.St.V.A. Hn. Evelyn, c. Hn. Marj, Mabel.A. 
Hn. Alex. Hy. a. Ly. Evelyn, r. Hn. Maurice, k. 
Hn. Alice, n. Hn. Everard, r. Ly. Ulrica, r. 
Hn. AlmaMadel.A.Hn; Fras. Hy. n. Hn. Venetia, a. 
Hn. Angela Mild. a. Hn. Fredk. Arth.A Hn. Violet, a, 
Hn. Aurea Vera, a. Ly. Grace Eliz. k. Hn. Windham, 0. 
Hn.CarylDigby,A. Hn. Guy Vict. a. 
Hn. Cecil, b. Hn. Hugo, r. 

The kinship of the four houses is shown by the follg. 
table : 

Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt. 

2nd Bt. 1st Ashburton. Hy. Baring. 

I I l ~l \~~~^~ I 

Bn. Nthbk. 2 Ashbn. 3 Ashbn. 1 Rvlstk. Cromer. 

1st e! of Nthbk. 4 Ashbn. 2 Rvlstk. 

and E. of Nthbk. 5 Ashbn. 

BARING, Viscount (tf.JST.1876), a title of E. 
of Northbrook, borne by the heir when a son. 

BARKER, Knight (1). Col. Sir Francis 
"William James Barker, Kt. Bach. (1906), R.A., 
retd. (1898), served in Abyssinia 1867-8 : b. 1861, 
mar. Jessie, dau. of the late Jno. Foster, Esq. 
Res., Essex Lodge, Folkestone. 

BARKER, Knight (2) . Gen. Sir George Digby 
Barker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1900), served in Persia 1857, 
Mutiny, and has been Assist. Dir. of Mil. 
Educn. at Headqrs. and A.A.G. and A.Q.M.G. 
for "West Dist., comd. troops in China 1890-5, 
was Acting Gov. of Hong Kong 1891 and Gov. 
of Bermuda 1896-1902, ret. in latter year, is 
Col. Nth. Staffords. Regt. and a C.C. for "W. 
Suffk. : b. 1833, mar. 1902, 2nd wife, Katherine 
Weston, dau. of Edwd. G. Elwes, Esq. Res., The 
Priory, Clare S.O., Suffolk. 

BARKER, Maj.-Gen. George, C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Egypt 1882, Bechuanald. 1884-5, now Insp. of 
R.E. : b. 1849, mar. follg. 1888. Res., Cardflelds, 
Hatfield Peverel,Witham; Queen Anne's Mansns., 
Qn. Anne's Gt., S.W. 

BARKER, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Addington and wife of preceding. 

BARKER, Col. John Stewart Scott, C.B. (Mil. 
1903), R.A., 8. Africa 1899-1902, late an A.A.G. in 
Western Dist., now a Brigade Com. (temp. Brig.- 
Gen.) Eastn. Comd. in India : b. 1853. Res., 
Naini Tal, Bengal. 

BARKER, Rayner Childe, CLE. (1889), 
served as Engr. in Burma 1886-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Indo-Europ. 
Telegs. : b. 1858. Res., Teheran. 

BARKER, Lt.-Col. William Frank, C.M.G. 
(1907), D.S.O. (igoo-i), S. African Lt. Horse; 
Boer War 1900-1, Disturbances in Natal, 1906. 
Address, Box 4444, Johannesburg. 

BARKING, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. Sun 3 , in St. Albans 
Dioc, Archdn. of Essex, prev. Vic. of Saffron 1 
Walden, Hon. Canon of St. Albans, and Rur. 
Dean of Barking: b. 1842, mar. 1866, cons. 1901. 
Res., Barking, Essex. 

BARKLY. Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anne 
Maria, dau. of the late Maj.-Gen. Sir Thos. S. 
Pratt, K.C.B.) , mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Barkly, G.C.M.G., formerly an M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898). 
Res., 1 Collingham PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

BARLING, Joseph, I.S.O. (1905), A.I.C.E., a 
Commissr. of Pub. Serv. Bd., N.S.W. : b. 1839. 
Res., Brankse, Dulwich Hill, Sydney. 

BARLOW, Baronet of Bradwall. Sir John 
EmIHott Barlow, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1907), M.P. for 
Frome Div. (L.), a C.C. for Cheshire, barrister-at- 
law, Sen. Partner in firms of London, Manchester, 
India, &c. : son of the late Thos. Barlow, Esq., 
b. 1857, mar. 1895 the under-mentioned Hon. 
Lady Barlow. Heir, his son John Denman (b. 
1898; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Bradwall, b. 
1900), Seats, &c, Torkington Lodge, nr. Stock- 
port ; Bradwall Hall, Sandbach, Cheshire ; Bryn 
Eirias, Colwyn Bay, Denbighsh. 

136 BAB 

BABLOW, Baronet of Fort William. Sir 
Hilaeo William Wellesley Barlow, 5th 
Bt. {U.K. 1803), Lt.-Col. E.A. and Supt. of Boy. 
Laboratory at "VV oolwieh Arsenal : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1861, sue. 1904, mar. 1891 Victoria Katherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hugh B. Hibbert. Sole heir, 
his son Bichaed Hugh (b. 1904). Res., 84 
Shooter's Hill Ed., Blackheath, S.E. 

BABLOW, Baronet of Wimpole Street. Sir 
Thomas Barlow, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1902), K.C.V.O. 
(1901), M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.B.C.P., Prof, of 
Clin. Med. at Univ. Coll. and Phys. to the Hosp. 
attached, also Phys. to H.M.'s Househd., was 
Phys. Extraord. to Queen Victoria, author of 
numerous med. works : son of the late Jas. Bar- 
low, Esq., of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar. 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, Esq., 
W.S. Heir, his son James Alan Noel (b. 
1881 ; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Dalmahoy, b. 
1883). Res., Boswells, Wendover S.O., Bucks. ; 
10 Wimpole St., W. 

BABLOW, Bishop— see " Goulburn." 

BABLOW, Hon. Lady, sist. of 3rd Bn. Den- 
man and wife of above Bt. of Bradwall. 

BABLOW, Vice-Adm. Charles James, D.S.O. 
(1887), Egypt 1882, and Burma 1885-6. ent. B.N. 
1862, late 2nd in comd. of Home Fleet, now 
Adm. Supt. of Devonpt. Dockyd. 

BABLOW, Maj. Charles Wynn, D.S.O. (1905), 
Essex Eegt. ; Nthn. Nigeria 1903, now comdg. 
a Batt. Southn. Nigeria Begt. as Lt.-Col. : b. 1868. 

BABNABY, Knight. Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1885), Vice-Pres. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, has been Ch. Nav. Archit. and Dir. of Naval 
Construction : b. 1829, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of 
Jno. Webber, Esq. Res., Moray House, Belmont 
Hill, Lee, S.E. 

BABNABD, Baron. Henry De Verb Vane, 
9th Bn. {Eng.), B.A., D.C.L. (Hon.), barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. 
Durh. L.I. (Mil.), formerly in the Charity 
Commissn. and Lieut. N'thants. Mil. : son of Sir 
Henry M. Vane and a remote cousin of 8th Bn., 
the 4th D. of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles be- 
came extinct at his death with the exception of 
this Barony: b. May 10, 1854; sue. 1891, and 
claim admitted 1892 {L.U.); mar. 1881 Lady 
Catherine Sarah Cecil, dau. of 3rd M. of Exeter. 
Seat, Baby Castle, Darlington; town res., 20 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnard, Eng. 1698.— The 1st Bn. was 
the Rt. Hon. Christopher Vane, son of Sir Henry 
Vane, perhaps best known by the exclamation of 
Cromwell on dissolving the Long Parliament ; after- 
wards treacherously beheaded under Charles II. The 3rd 
Bn. was made Earl of Darlington, and the 3rd Earl 
became Duke of Cleveland— both titles extinct. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Vane.) 

Issue of present {Qth) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Cecil V., heir to Barony, Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Durham L.T. (Mil.), was A.D.C. to Lord 
Ampthill in Madras, now to his successor : b. 1882. 
Hon. Christopher William V., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 
Hon. Ralph Erederick V, b. 1891. 

Bro. and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1892) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1854.) 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Sirs. William 
Jlennell, b. 1856 mar. 1891 Wm. Blackstone 11., Esq. 
Res., 62 Eaton PI., S.W. 

Hon. William Lyonel V., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 2nd Vol. Batt. Durham L.I., late Maj. 1st 
(line) Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-2: b. 1859. 
mar. 1904 Lady Katharine Louisa l'ukevham, dau. 
of 4th E. of Longford. Mcs., Thornrield, Darling- 


— Sists.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V. (Mary, dau. of the late E. B. 
Steedman, Esq ), mar. 1891 the late Rev. the Hon. 
Gilbert Holies Farrer V. (d. 1905). 
Lady Katharine V., wife of Hon. Wm. Lyonel V. 

BABNABD, Knight. Sir Herbert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), F.S.A., a banker, Chmn. Pub. 
Works Loan Commssn. : b. 1831, mar. 1854 Ellen, 
dau. of the late Wm. Wyndham, Esq., M.P. 
Res., Burrows Lea, Shere, Guildford: 23 Port- 
land PL, W. 

BABNABDISTON, Lady Florence, dau. of 
4th E. of Dartmouth (mother of two follg.). 

BABNABDISTON, Col. Nathaniel Walter, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex Begt. ; 
S. Africa 1901-2, has been Mil. Attache to Northn. 
Cts., now 2nd in Comd. Boy. Mil. Coll. : b. 1858. 
Res., The Byes, Sudbury, Suffolk, and Cambeiley. 

BABNABDISTON, Capt. Samuel John 
Barrington, D.S.O. (1900-1), Suff. Begt.; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1875. 

BABNBY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Edith 
Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. J. W. Silver- 
thorne),mar. 1878 Sir Jos. Barnby, Conductor 
of the Boy. Choral Soe. (d. 1896). Res., Ashurst 
Hill, Tunb. Wells. 

BABNE, Lady Constance Adelaide, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BABNES, Knight (1). Sir Hugh Shake- 
spear Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), late Lt.-Gov. of Burma, prev. For. Sec. 
to Ind. Govt., Ch. Commissr. in Baluchistan, 
Besid. in Kashmir, &c, now a memb. of 
Counc. of Sec. for India : b. 1853, mar. 1894, 
2nd wife, Edith Helen, dau. of the late Bev. 
Begd. Barnes. Res., 8 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. 

BABNES, Priv. Counc. and Knight (2). Bt. 
Hon. Sir John Gorell Barnes, B.C. {Gt. Br. 
1905), Kt. Bach. (1892), M.A., LL.D., is Pres. 
of the Probate and Divorce Ct., appd. Q.C. 1888 : 
b. 1848, mar. 1881 Mary Humpston, dau. of the 
late Thos. Mitchell, Esq., of West Arthurlie. Res., 
Stratford Hills, Stratfd. St. Mary, Suffolk, nr. 
Colchester ; 14 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W. ; 
chambs. 649 Boy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BABNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.I.C.E., Ch. Engr. of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900: b. 
1851. Res., 45 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BABNES, Col. Osmond, C.B. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supemum. List ; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
1878-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed Qn. Victoria 
as Empress : b. 1834. Res., 40 Mount Park Bd. , 
Ealing, W. 

BABNES, Maj. Beginald Walter Balph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 17th Lancers, Comdt. 2nd Batt. 
Imper. Yeom. in S. Africa 1899-1900, now 
an Instr. in Cav. Sch., late A.D.C. to Vise. 
Kitchener: b. 1871. 

BABNETT, Lady Aline, dau. of 3rd E. of 

BABNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BABNETT, Maj. William Alexander, 
D.S.O. (1900-1). N. Staffords. Begt.; Zululd. 
1888, and Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1866. 

BABNEWALL, family name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BABNEWALL, Baronet. Sir Beginald 
Aylmer John de Barneval Barnewall, 10th Bt. 
{Irel. 1623 n.s.), son of 9th Bt,, b. (posthumous) 
and sue. 1838. Heir pres., possibly some nephew 
or gt. nephew of 8th Bt. Res., 23 Cliveder PL, 
Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Directory of Peerage, 

BAB Baronetage, Knightage; &c. BAR 137 

BARNBAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Cons. -Gen. at Ispahan, prev. Consul at Smyrna, 
Suakin, Aleppo, &c. : b. 1854. Bes., Brit. Con- 
sulate-Gen., Ispahan. 

BARODA, the Gaekwar of. H.H. Maharaja 
Sir Sayaji 'Rao, Bahadur, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chimnabai (H.H. the Maharani Gaekwar), C.I. 
Bes., Baroda, "Western India. 

BARR, Knight (1). Lt.-Col. Sir DavidWilliam 
Keith Ban; K.C.S.I. (1902), I.A. Supernum. 
List; served in Abyssinia 1 867-8, has been Resid. 
at Hyderabad, Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Centr. 
India, and Res. of Gwalior and Kashmir, now a 
memb. of Counc. of India : b. 1846, mar. 1871 
Constance, dau. of the late Maj.-Gen. J. G. Scott. 
Bes., 40 Evelyn Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARR, Knight (2). Sir James Ban; Kt. Bach. 
(1905), M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.E., ex-Pres. 
Liverpool Med. Inst., Sen. Phys. L'pool Roy. 
Infirm., Exam, in Med. to L'pool (Clin.) and 
Glasgow Univs. : b. 1849, mar. 1882 Isabella 
Maiia, dau. of J. "Woolley, Esq. Bes., 72 Rodney 
St., L'pool. 

BARRAN, Baronet. Sir John Nicholson 
Barran, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1895), B.A., son of the 
late Jno. Barran, Esq., eld. son of 1st Bt. ; b. 
1872, sue. 1905, mar. 1902 Alice Margarita, dau. 
of the Rev. Leighton Parks, D.D., of New York. 
Heir, his sen John Leighton (b. 1904 ; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Philip Austyn, b. 1876). Bes,, Chapel 
Allerton, Leeds. 

BARRAN, Baronet's Widow. Eliza, Lady B. 
(dau. of Wm. Brown, Esq., of Helensburgh, and 
widow of Jno. Bilton, Esq.), mar. 1878, 2nd wife 
to 2nd husb., Sir Jno. Barran, 1st Bt., an M.P. 
i8;6-95 (d. 1905). Bes., Chapel Alleiton Hall, 

BARRATT, Lt.-Col. William Cross, D.S.O. 
(1897), LA., Soudan 1885, Zhob Valley, Wazir- 
istan, E. Africa 1895-8, China 1900 : b. 1882. 

BARRETT, Maj.-Gen. Arthur Arnold, C.B. 
(Mil. 1903), LA., Afghn. 1879-80, Hazara 1888, 
other Ind Expedns. 1891-8, now comdg. Nowshera 
Brigade in India : b. 1857. 

BARRETT, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Kensington. 

BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundreda, 
dau. of 9th E. of Cavan. 

BARRETT (MOULTON-), Col. Edward 
Alfred, C.M.G. (1901), an Ordn. Olf'r. 1st class, 
retd. (1907) ; Nile 1898, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 

BARREN GTON, family name of Viscounty of 
that title. 

BARRLNGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 
Burton Barrington, 5th Bt. {U.K. i83i),M.A.,a 
D.L., for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), Hon. 
Col. Limerick City Artill. Mil. : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1848, sue. 1890, mar. 1895 Mary Rose, dau. of 
Sir Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. t.IIeir, his son 
Charles Bacon (b. 1902; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Croker, b. 1851). Seat, Glenstal, Newport S.O., 
Co. Tipperary. - 

BARRLNGTON, Knight (1) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward Barrinpton, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Assist. Under Sec. in For. 
Office, in which he served over 40 years, has been 
Priv. Sec. to M. of Lansdowne, E. of Iddesleigh, 
and three times to M. of Salisbury ; son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington and uncle of present Peer ; b. 
1847 (younger bro. of follg.), mar. 1879 Christina, 
dau. of the late Wm. Graham, Esq. {Hon. Lady 
Barrington). Bes., 62 Cadogan PI., S.W. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (2) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon Barrington, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), late Brit. Min. Plen. to Sweden, 
prev. to Argentina and Paraguay, formerly Sec. 
of Emb. at Madrid and Vienna, and Cons. -Gen. 
at Lima and Buda-Pesth, ret. 1904 : son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington (see preceding), b. 1842. Bes., 
17B Gt. Cumberland PI., W. 

BARRINGTON, Viscount. Walter Bulkeley 
Barrington, gth Vise. {Irel.), sits as Bn. Shute 
{U.K.); a D.L. and C.C. for Berks., formerly 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds. and Capt. Oxfd. Mil. : 
son of 8th V. ; b. April 20, 1848; sue. 1901 (C) ; 
mar., 1st, 1870, the late Mary Isabella (d. 1903), 
dau. of the late Rev. Richd. Bogue ; 2ndly, 1905, 
Charlotte Mary Leycester, widow of Jno. Arden 
Birch, Esq., and dau. of the late Maj. Geo. M. 
Stopford, R.E., grandson of 3rd E. of Courtown. 
Seat, Beckett, Shrivenham S.O., Berks. ; town res., 
15 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Creations. Vise, and Bn. Barrington, Irel. 1720 ; Bn. 
Shute, U.K. 1880.— The 1st Peer, whose original name 
was Shute, was M.P. for Berwick-upon-Tweed, but was 
expelled, after promotion to the Irish Peerage, on the 
charge of having taken part in the Harborough lottery, 
The 6th Viscount represented Berkshire 1837-57 ; the 7th 
was M.P, for Eye 1866-80 whilst only an Irish peer, but 
obtained the U.K. Barony in the latter year. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {gth) V. : 

Hon. Maude Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Eustace Fitz- 
Gerald, b. 1871, mar. 1889 Hon. Eust. Robt. BitzG., 
son of late Bn. FitzG., q.v. 
Hon. Violet Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Hope Brooke, b. 
1872, mar. 1892 Jno. C. E. Hope B., Esq. Res., The 
Hill, Thorpc-Mandeville, Banbury. 
Hon. William Reginald Shute B., heir to Viscty., 
Cant. Ath Batt. Oxfnrdsh. "L.I. (Mil ): b. 187?. 

Club, Bachelors'. 

Hon. Hilda Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Reginald 
Curtis, b. 1874, mar. 1894 Lt.-Col. Regd. Salmond 
C, D.S.O., R.E„ q.v. 

Hon. (Walter) Bernard Louis B., 2nd heir, b. 1876, mar. 
1901 Eleanor Nina, dau. of his Honour Judge 
Sir Thos. W. Snagge (Hon. Mrs. Bernard B.). 

Hon. Rupert Edward Selborne B., served in S. 
Africa 1900-1, now Hon. Lieut, in Army : b. 1877, j 
mar. 1903 Mary Georgina, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. : 
A. and Hon. Mrs. Ferguson (Hon. Mrs. Rupert B.). ] 
Res., in Transvaal. I 

Hon. Percy Evelyn B:, late 2nd Lieut. 2nd Co. of 
Lond. Imper. Yeom., b. 1884. 

Issue of 8th V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Alice Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. George Campbell, 
b. 1846, mar. i863 Geo. Aug. C, Esq. Res., The 
Market House, Brackley, N'thants. ; 46 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

(Present Viscount, b. 1848.) 

Hon. Euith, now Hon. Mrs. Abraham Robarts, b. 
1850, mar. 1869 Abrm. Jno. R., Esq. Res., Tile 
House, Buckingham ; 29 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Issue of 7th V. (1st cousins of present) : 

Hon. Constance Mary, now the Dow. Lady Hal- 
don (q.v.. Widow), b. 1847, mar. 1868 Lawrence 
H. Palk, Esq.. aftds. 2nd Bn. H. (d. 1903). 
Hon. Evelyn Laura, now Dow. Ctss. of Craven (q.v.), 

b. 1848, mar. 1867 3rd Earl of C. (d. 1883). 
Hon. Florence B., a Sist. of the Community of 
St. Mary the Virgin, b. 1850. Res., St. Mary's 
Home, Wantage, Berks. 

Surviving issue of 6th V. (uncles and aunts of pres.) : 
(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1824, d. 1886.) 

S^he late 8th Viscount, b. 1825, d. 1901.) 
on. Mary Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Alfred Sar? 
toris, b, 1830, mar. 1856 Alfd- Esq. Bes., 17 
Queen's Gt. PI, S.W. 
Hon. Caroline Susan Augusta, nnw Dow. Ctss. of 
Normantori, q.v., b. 1834, mar. 1356 3rd Earl of N. 
(d. .1896). 

Hon. Augusta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. William 

138 BAR 

Directory of Peerage, 


Maclagan, b. 1836, mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, the Most 

Rev. Wm. Dalrymple M., Abp. of York^q.v. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon K.C.M.G., 

b. 1842— see " Barrington, Kt. (2)." 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward K.C.B., b. 1847, 

—sec " Barrington, Kt (1)." 

Dau. -in-law of^th V. (gt. aunt of present) : 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1793, d. 1867.) 
Hon. Mrs. Henry B. (Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 

late Capt. Wright Knox), mar. 1848 the late Hon. 

Henry Eredk. Fras. Adair B. (d. 1882). Res., 

Trimley S.O., Suffolk. 

BARRINGTON, Charles George, C.B. (Civ. 
1887), Gent. Usher of the Scarlet Rod (to Order of 
the Bath), formerly Assist. Sec. to Treasury and 
Aud. of Civ. List : b. 1827 (grandson of 5th 
Vise). Res., 194 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BARRON, Maj.-Gen. Harry, C.V.O. (1907), 
formerly Ch. Instr. in Sch. of Gunnery, now 
comdg. Artill. Brigade. Malta : b. 1847. 

BARROW, Baronet. Sir Francis Laurence 
John Barrow, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1835), son of 31'dBt., 
b. 1862, sue. 1900, mar. 1890 "Winifred Sarah, 
dau. of the late Wm. C. Steward, Esq. Heir, his 
son Wilfrid John Wilson Croker (b. 1897; 
2nd heir, next son, Alfred Francis Lendon, b. 
1904). Res., Catherington, Hillborough Cresc, 

*#* The 1st Baronet, Sir Jno. Barrow, a distinguished 
traveller and author, was Secretary to the Admiralty 
and founder of the Royal Geographical Society. 

BARROW, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily Jane, dau. of the late Jas. N. 
Merriman, Esq., M.D.),mar. 1857 Sir John Croker 
Barrow, 3rd Bt. (d. 1900). Bes., Boscombe, 

BARROW, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Edmund 
George Barrow, K.C.B. (Mil. 1901), I.A., Col. 
7th Rajputs, served in Afghanistan 1879, Egypt, 
Tirah 1897, and as Ch. Staff Offr. in China, late 
Mil. Sec. to Govt, of India, now comdg. 1st 
Div. Northn. Comd. in India : b. 1852, mar. 1882 
Marion Letitia, dau= of the late Rev. W. Story. 
Res., Peshawar, Punjab. 

BARROW, Oscar Thorne, C.S.I. (1907), 
Comptr. and Aud. Gen. I.C.S. 

BARROW-in-FURNESS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
Henry Ware, D.D., Bp. Buff, in Carlisle Dioc. 
and Canon of Carlisle, formerly Vic. and Rur. 
Dean of Kirkby Lonsdale : b. 1830, cons. 1889, 
mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Res., The Abbey, Carlisle ; 
How Foot, Grasmere S.O., Westmd. 

BARRY, Baronet. Sir Edward Arthur 
Barry, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1899), Baron de Bany in 
Portugal, Maj. Berks. Imper. Yeom. : son of 1st 
Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1907, mar. 1891, 2nd wife, 
Eleanor Margaret, dau. of Col. Courtenay H. S. 
Seott. Heir, his son Claude Francis (b. 1883 ; 
2nd heir, next son, Edward Courtenay Tress, 
b. 1895). Seats, St. Leonard's Hill, Windsor; Keiss 
Castle, Wick, Caithness ; Hotvn res., 1 Sth. Audley 
St., W. 

BARRY, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Sarah Douglas, dau. of the late Arthur 
Herron, Esq.), mar. 1851 Sir Francis Tress Barry, 
formerly an M.P. (d. 1907). 

BARRY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Alfred Barry, 
D.D., D.C.L., late 3rd Bp. of Sydney (1884-9), 
being also Metropol. of N.S. Wales and Primate 
of Australia, &c. (then styled "Most Rev."), prev. 
Princ. of King's Coll. London and Canon of West- 
minster, now Canon of Windsor and Bp. Assist, 
to Bp. of London: b. 1826, mar. 1851. Res., 
The Cloisters, Windsor Castle. 

BARRY, Knight (1). Rear-Adm. Sir Henry 
Deacon Barry, K.C.V.O. (1906), late Adm. Supt. 
of Portsmth. Dockyard, now comdg. Meditn. 
Cruiser Squadr. : b. 1849, mar - J 88 1 Elizabeth 
Annie, dau. of the late Rev. H. J. Maltby. 

BARRY, Knight (2). Sir John Edmond Barry, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), formerly a merchant in Dublin 
and Wexford, three times Pres. of Dublin 
Chamb. of Commerce, was on Dublin Port and 
Docks Bd. 1867-97 an< ^ 1899-1903, is a memb. of 
Bd. of Superintendence Dublin Hosps. and Gov. 
of Royal Hibern. Mil. Sch. : b. 1828, mar. 1849 
Teresa, dau. of the late Jno. Keefe, Esq. Res., 
12 Mount joy Sq., Dublin. 

BARRY, Knight (3)— see "Barry (Wolfe-)." 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. Charles, sist.oi 4th Vise. 

BARRY, Lady Grace, dau. of 7th E. of 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. James David, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Clanmorris. 

BARRY, Maj. Stanley Leonard, D.S.O. 
(igoo-i), late 10th Hussars and Assist. Mil. Sec. 
to Lt.-Gen. Sir J. D. P. French ; S. Africa 1899- 
1902: b. 1873 (a son of above Bt.). Res., 94 
Eaton PL, S.W. 

BARRY (SMITH-), family name of Barry- 
more Barony, q.v. for Hon. Dorothy. 

BARRY (SMITH-), Lady Charlotte Jane, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Enniskillen. 

BARRY (WOLFE-) Knight. Sir John Wolfe 
Wolfe-Barry, K.C.B. (Civ. 1897), V.D., LL.D., 
F.R.S., F.Roy. Inst., M.LC.E. (Past Pres.), 
M.I.M.E., Vice-Pres. of Counc. Soc. of Arts, a 
D.L. for Co. London, Aid. of Westmr., Engr. of 
the Tower Bridge, Blackfriars Rail. Bridge, Kew 
Bridge, the Barry Docks, &c. ; completed the 
Inner Circle Rail, and built St. Paul's Sta- 
tion; Consg. Engr. to the Barry, Caledonian, 
Metrop., and other Rails., and to Bombay and 
Durban Port Trusts, Chmn. Eastern and other 
Teleg. Cos., Brit. Repres. on Suez Canal Com- 
mssn., and a memb. of numerous Home Com- 
mssns. ; Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Engr. and Rail. 
Vol. Staff Corps and a memb. of War Rail. 
Counc, a Crown Memb. of Senate Lond. Univ. 
(re-appd. for four years from May 1907) : son of- 
the late Sir Chas. Barry, R.A., b. 1836, mar. 1874 
Rosalind Grace, dau. of the late Rev. E. E. Row- 
sell; assumed the surname Wolfe 1898. Res., 
Bahnains, Stanley S.O., Perthsh. ; 23 Delahay 
St., Westminster, S.W. 

BARRYMORE, Baron. Arthur Hugh 
Smith-Barry, 1st Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Irel. 1896), 
a D.L. and Co. Aid. for Hunts., was High Sheriff 
of Cheshire 1883 and Cork 1886, is a D.L. for 
latter Co. also, late an M.P., and has been 
Chmn. of Nat. Union of Conserv. Assocs. : son of 
the late Jas. Hugh Smith-Barry, Esq., and a 
descendant of 4th E. of Barrymore (extinct line) ; 
b. Jan. 17, 1843; or. Bn.1902 (C); mar., 1st, 1868, 
the late Lady Mary Frances Wyndham-Quin (d. 
1884), dau. of 3rd E. of Dunraven; 2ndiy, 1889, 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Gen. Jas. Wadsworth, 
of New York, and widow of Arthur Post, Esq. 
No heir. Seats, Fota Island, Queenstown, Co. 
Cork ; Marbury Hall, Northwich, Cheshire ; town 
res., 20 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. U.K..: Bn. Barrymore, 1902.— An Irish 
Earldom of Barrymore existed from 1628 till 1824. The 
present Baron is descended from the youngest son of the 
4th Earl, his grandfather having been a natural son of 
a grandson of that Peer. The conjptnmd name was 
assumed "by royal licence in 1821 by the present Barons 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAT 139 

grandfather for himself, his issue, and brothers and 



The deceased James Hugh S.-B., b. 1870, d. 1871. 
Hon. Geraldine, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Overend, b. 

1869, mar. 1893 the late Henry B. Letham 0., Esq. 

(d. 1904). 


Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth S.-B., b. 1894. 

BARTER, Col. Charles St. Legee, C.V.O. 
(1904), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late comdg. 2nd Yorks. 
L.I. ; Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
1901, was Mil. Sec. to High Commissi". 1894-5, late 
A.Q.M.G. Welsh Midld. : b. 1856. Club., U. Serv. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Maj. Hugh John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1901: b. 

BARTLETT, Maj. Edwin, D.S.O. (1902), late 
N.Z. Mtd. Rifles ; S. Africa 1900-2. 

BARTLETT, Herbert Folgerstrom, I.S.O. 
(1902), Contr. of Stamps and Registrar of Jt. 
Stk. Comps., late Sec. to Bd. Inid. Rev. : b. 1847. 
Res., 22 Cedars Rd., Clapham Common, S.W. 

BARTLETT (ASHMEAD-), Knight's Widow. 
Lady A.-B. (Frances Christina, dau. of Hy. E. 
Walsh, Esq.), mar. 1874 Sir Ellis Ashmead- 
Bartlett, M.P. (d. 1902). Res., Grange House, 
Eastbourne; 2 Queen's Gt. Terr., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARTLEY, Knight., Sir George Christopher 
Trout Bartley, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late an M.P. 
(C), founder of the Nat. Penny Bank and author 
of pamphlets on Thrift, formerly Sci. Exam, at 
S. Kens. : b. 1842, mar. 1864 Mary Charlotte, dau. 
of the late Sir Hy. Cole. Res., St. Margaret's 
House, 57 Victoria St., S.W. 

BARTON, Knight (i). Maj. -Gen. Sir Geoffry 
Barton, K.C.V.O. (igo6),C.B. (Mil. 1889), C.M.G. 
(1901), served in Ashanti 1873-4, S. Africa 1879, 
Egypt, &c, has been Assist. Mil. Sec. in China, 
late A.A.G. in Thames and N.W. Dists., comd. 
6th Brig, in Boer War 1899-1902, ret. 1904, is Col. 
Roy. Fus. : b. 1844, mar. 1890 Beryl, dau. of Col. 
Edwd. P. Mackenzie. Res., Alton House, Alton, 

BARTON, Knight (2). Sir John George 
Barton,1£t. Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1900), M.I. C.E., 
Fell. Inst, of Surveyors, Commissr. for Valuation 
in Ireld. , formerly Bd. of Trade Arbitrator for Lt. 
Rails, there : b. 18—. Res., Altan Grange, Fox- 
rock, Dublin ; Valuation Office, Ely PL, Dublin. 

BARTON, Priv. Counc. and Knight (3). Rt. 
Hon. Sir Edmund Barton, P.O. {Gt. Br. 1901), 
G.C.M.G. (1902), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., late 
Prime Minister of the Australian Federation 
(first to hold the office), now Sen. Puisne Judge of 
Federal High Ct., was Attorn.-Gen. inN.S. Wales 
1889 and 1891-3 and Speaker Leg. Assemb. 1883-7, 
appd. Q,.C. 1889 : b. 1849, mar. 1877 Jean Mason, 
dau. of DavidRoss, Esq. .#es.,Elystan, Woollahra, 
Sydney, N.S.W. 

BARTON, Maj. Charles Gerard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. Lane. Regt. retd.; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. i860. Res., East Leigh, Havant, Hants. 

BARTON, Capt. Charles Walter, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N'thants. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
Somalild. 1903-4, now with King's Afr. Rifles : b. 

BARTON, Francis Rickman, CM G. (1905), 
Admin, of Govt, in Brit. New Guinea. Res., 
Govt. House, Port Moresby, N. Guinea. 

BARTON, Col. Maurice Charles, D.S.O. 
(1899), R.E. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-9, Akha 1883-4, 

Burma 1885-7, Isazai, Chitral Relief, and N.W. 
Front. 1897-8 : b. 1852. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Thomas, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet. Sir Walter Bal- 
four Barttelot, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1875), Lieut. Cold- 
strm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly as 
an A.D.C. : son of 2ndBt., b. 1880, sue. 1900, mar. 
1903 Gladys St. Aubyn, dau. of Capt. Wm. C. An- 
gove, R.N.R. Heir, his son Walter de Stop- 
ham (b. 1904 2nd heir, next son, b. 1905). Seat, 
Stopham House, Pulborough S.O., Sussex ; town 
res., 10 Berkeley Sq., W. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet's Widow {remrrd.). 
Lady B. (Georgiana Mary, dau. of the late Geo. 
Edmd. Balfour, Esq., of Sidmouth), mar., 1st, 
1879, Maj. Sir Walter G. Barttelot, 2nd Bt. (d. on 
service in S. Africa, 1900) ; 2ndly, 1902, Beville 
Molesworth St. Aubyn, Esq. — retaining title by 
right. Res., Toat Farm, Pulborough S.O., Sussex. 

BASHYAM— see "Aiyangar, Sir Bhashyam." 

BASING, Baron. George Limbrey Sclater- 
Booth, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.B. (Mil. 1902), B.A., 
a D.L. for Hants, late Col. comdg. 1st Drgns., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. Jan. 1, 1860; sue. 1894 (C.) ; mar. 1889 the late 
Mary (d. 1904), dau. of the late Jno. Hargreaves, 
Esq. Seat, Hoddington House, Winchfield, 
Hants, {let) ; club, Nav. and Mil. 

Creation. Bn. Basing, U.K. 1887. —The ist Bn. was 30 
years M.P. for Hants., and held several Ministerial 
offices, including that of President of the Local Govern- 
ment Board ; was also F.R.S. He was the son of Wm. 
Lutley Sclater, and assumed in 1857 the additional name 
of Booth. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Limbrey Robert S.-B., heir to Barony, 

b. 1890. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. Charles.) 
Hon. Joan Penelope S.-B., b. 1892. 
Hon. Lydia Joyce S.-B., b. 1898. 

Surviving issue ofxstBn. (bros. andsist3. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Charles Lutley S.-B., barrister-at-law, b. 1862, 

mar. 1900 Ellen Geraldine, dau. of Geo. Jones, 

Esq., of Mitton Manor, Staffs., and widow of W. 

Tudor Frere, Esq.. (Hon. Mrs. Charles S.-B.). Res., 

Old Basing House, Basingstoke, Hants. 
Hon. Walter Dashwood S.-B., Maj. R.F.A., b. 1869. 

Club, Army and Navy. 
Hon. Theodora Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Remington 

White-Thomson, mar. 1889 Rem. Walter W.-T., 

Esq. Res., 39 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 
Hon. Penelope Magdalen, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 

Bovill, mar. 1886 Chas. A. B., Esq. Res., Smeeth 

Paddocks, Ashford, Kent. 
Hon. Lydia Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Frank 

WalHnskaw, mar. 1893 Frank W., Esq. Res., 

Hartley Grange, Winchfield, Hants. 
Hon. Eleanor Birchj noAV Hon. Mrs. Wilson Fox, 

mar. 1898 Hy. Wilson F, Esq. Res., 4 Halkin St., 

Belg. Sq., S.W. 
Hon. Amy Cicely, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Marshall, 

mar. 1893 Fras. M., Esq. Res., 2 Chesham PI., S.W. 

BASS, family name of Burton Barony. No 
issue of the name. (For Hon. Mrs. Hamar B., 
now Shaw, see " Bagot," 3i'd Bn.) 

BASS, Lady (Wilmot Ida) Noreen, dau. of 
13th E. of Huntingdon. 

BATE, Col. Thomas Elwood Lindsay, CLE. 
(1902), I.M.S., Insp.-Gen. of Prisons in Punjab, 
formerly Civ. Surg, at Gujerat : b. 1852. Res., 
Lahore, Punjab. 

BATEMAN, Baron. William Spencer Bate- 
man- Hanbury, 3rd Bn. {U.K.), formerly Capt. 
2nd Life Gds., served in Egypt 1882: son of 2nd j 

140 BAT Directory of Peerage, 


Bn. ; b. Sept. 30, 1856; sue. 1901 (0.) ; mar. 1904 
Marion Alice, widow of Henry Cabot Knapp, Esq., 
and dau. of Jas. J. Graham, Esq., of New York. 
Seat, Shobdon Ct., Shobdon S.O., Herefordsb. 

Creation. Bn. Bateman, UK. 1837.— An Irish Viscty. 
of Bateman having become extinct, William Hanbury, 
who succeeded to the estates and assumed the additional 
surname of Bateman, was awarded this U.K. Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bateman- Hanbury. ) 
Surviving issue of 2ndBn. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Maud Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Archibald 
Parker, b. 1855, mar. 1890 Rev. the Hon. Archib. P., 
son of 6th E. of Macclesfield, q.v. 
(Present Baron, b. 1856.) 

Hon. Gertrude Emily, now Hon. Mrs. John Wood, 
b. i860, mar. 1852 Jno. W., Esq. Res., Hengrave 
Hall, Bury St. Edmds. ; Whitfield, Glossop, 

Hon. Agnes Rosamond B.-H., b. 1866. 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Mark Hovell, 
b. 1870, mar. 1905 T. Mark H, Esq. Res., 105 
Harley St., W. 

Hon. Rachel Anne Selina Decirna, now Hon. Mrs. 
Hill Wood, b. 1375, mar. 1899 Saml. Hill W., Esq. 
Res., Moorfield, Glossop, Derbysh.; Oakley Pk., 
Suffolk, Scole S.O. 

Hon. Charles Stanhope Melville B.-b.., heir 
pres. to Barony, a D.L. for Norfolk and Nor- 
wich, Lieut. Norf. Imper. Yeom. : b. 1877. Res., 
Breckels Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk. (2nd heir, 
his uncle Hon. Spencer Hanbury.) 

Issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of present) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Whyte- Melville- 
Duncan,h. 1825, mar. 1890, 2nd husb., Leslie Fraser 
Duncan, Esq., who in 1903 assumed the additl. 
name* of her pre v. husb. Res., 54 Upper Brook 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1901.) 

Hon. Chas. Spencer Bateman- Hanbury-Kincaid-Len- 
nox ("Hon. Spencer Hanbury"), M.A., a D.L. for 
Co. Hereford, late also Stirling, formerly Capt. 2nd 
Lite Gds., A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (E. of 
Eglinton), and an M P. (C) ; assumed addit. names 
of Kincaid-Lennox ifc62 ; b. 1327, mar. 1st, 1861, 
Dow. Vctss. Strangford (d. 1892) ; 2ndly, 1893, Rosa, 
dau. of the late Boyd Alex. Cuninghame, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Spencer Hanbury). Res., 63 Montagu 

Rev. the Hon. Arthur Allen B.-TL, M.A., Preb. of 

Hereford : b. 1829, widower. Res., The Rectory, 

Shobdon S.O., Herefs. 
Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, now The Lady Northwick 

(q.v.), b. 1832, mar. 1369, 2nd husb., the late 3rd 

and last Bn. Northwick (d. 1887). 
Hon. Louisa Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. de Vismes 

Kane, b. 1837, mar. 1902, 2nd wife to 2nd husb., 

Wm. F. de Vismes K, Esq. Res., Drumreaske 

House, Monaghan. 

BATEMAN, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Agnes Burrell, dau. of Gen. Sir Edwd. 
Kerrison, 1st Bt., G.C.H., K.C.B.), mar. 1854 2nd 
Bn. Bateman (d. 1901). lies., Oakley Pk., Suffk., 
Scole S.O. ; Brome Hall, Eye, same Co. 

BATEMAN, Knight. Sir Alfred Edmund 
Bateman, K.C.M.G. (1900), F.R.S.S. (Bres. 1897), 
barrister-at-law, Joint Manager of Imper. Inst., 
late Chmn. of Bd. of Trade Advisory Cmttee. 
on Commerc. Intell., prev. Comptr.-Gen. to that 
Dept. ; has been Sec. or Brit. Deleg. to various 
Commssns. &c. : b. 1844. mar. 1868 Edith Ellen, 
dau. of the late Jas. E. Hobson, Esq. Res. Wood- 
house, Wimbledon Pk-, S.W. 

BATEMAN, Edward Louis, C.B. (Cjv. 1898), 
B. A., barrister-at-law, late Assist.-Sec. to Eccle- 
siast. Commissrs. : b- 1834. lies., Rowditch 
Lodge, Derby ; 47 Duke Street, St. James's, S.W. 

BATEMAN, Hon. Mrs. John, aunt of present 
E. of Lathom. 

BATEMAN-SCOTT, Lady (or " Bateman and 
Scott ")-sec " Scott, Bts.' Wids." 

BATES, Baronet. Sir Percy Elly Bates, 4th 
Bt. ( U.K. 1880), son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 
3rd, b. 1879, sue. 1903, mar. 1907 Mary Ann 
Lefroy Lefroy, dau. of the Dean of Norwich. 
Heir pres., his bro. Cecil Robert, Lieut. R.A. 
(b. 1882 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Frederic Alan, b. j 
1884). Sea's, Gyrn Castle, Mostyn S.O., Flints. ; 
Beechenhurst, Allerton, Liverpool. 

BATES, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance Elizabeth, dau. of the late Saml. R.Graves, 
Esq., M.P.), mar. 1876 Sir Edwd. Percy Bates, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1899). Res., with present Bt. 

BATES, Col. Charles Loftus, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Northumbd. Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1859-1902 : b. 1863. Res,, The 
Spital, Hexham, N'thumb. 

BATESON ( DE- YARBURGH-) , family name 
of Deramore Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BATH, Marquess of. Thomas Henry Thynne 
(pron. Thin), 5th Marq. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., 
Lord Lieut, of Somersetsh., Lt.-Col. conidg. and 
Hon. Col. Wilts. Imper. Yeom. , late Under Sec. for 
India, prev. an M.P. (as Vise. Weymouth) : son of 
4th M. ; b. July 16, 1882 ; sue. 1896 (C); mar. 1890 
Violet Caroline, dau. of Sir Chas. Mordaunt, 10th 
Bt. Seat, Longleat, Warminster, Wilts. ; town 
res., 29 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creations. Eng.: A Bt. 1641; Vise. Weymouth and 
Bn. Thynne, 1682. Gt. Br. : M. of Bath, 1789.— The 2nd 
Bt., who was several years in Parliament, was created 
Vise. Weymouth ; the 3rd Vise, who had married a 
daughter of the and Duke of Portland, obtained the 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (§th) 31. : 

Lady Alice Kathleen Violet T., b. 1891. 
Lady Emma Marjory T., b. 1893. 
Vise. Weymouth, heir to Marquessate: John Alex- 
ander T., b. 1895. 
Lady Mary Beatrice T., b. 1903. 
Lord Henry Frederick T., 2nd heir. b. 1905. 

Surviving issue of 4th 31. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

(Present Marquess, b. 1862.) 

Lady Alice Emma, now Lady A. Shaw- Stewart, b. 
1864, mar. 1883 Sir (Mich.) Hugh S.-S., M.P., 8th Bt., 


Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa, now Ctss. of 
Cromer, b. 1865, mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, 1st Earl of 

Lady "Beatrice T., b. 1867 (twin with dec. bro. Ld. 

Lord Alexander George 7'., Capt. Roy. Wilts. Imper. 
Yeom., served in S. Africa 1900-2, late L.C.C. : b. 
1873. Address, 13 King's Bench Walk, Temple, 

Dau. of 3rd 31. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1331, d. 1896.) 
Lady Louisa Isabella Harriet, now Lady L. Ftilding, 
b. 1834, see " Feilding, Kt.'s Wid." 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Ulrica Frederica Jane T., nie St. Maur, dau. of 
12th D. of Somerset, K.G.,b. 1833, mar. 1858 the late 
Rt, Hon. Ld. Henry Frcdk. T. (d. 1904). Res., 
Muntham Ct., Worthing ; 30 Grosvenor Gdns. S.W. 

BATH, Marquess's Widow. Dowager Mar- 
chioness of B., nee Hon. Frances Isabella 
Catherine Vesey, dau. of 3rd Vise, de Vesci, b. 
1840, mar. 1861 4th M. of Bath (d. 1896). Res., 15 
Manchester Sq., W. 

BATH and WELLS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
George Wyndham Reunion, D.D., 70th Bp., 
York Dioc. Insp. of Schools 1871-3, Vic. of All 
Saints, Bradford, 1876*82 and Bp. of Adelaide 
1882-94, has also beep Lect- in Pastoral Theol. and 
Ram^den Preacher at Cambridge : b. 1845, cons, ! 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



1882, transld. 1894, ent. Lords 1899 {Tndep.), mar. 
1882. lies., The Palace, Wells, Somerset.— Assist. 
Bishops see " Stirling." 

BATHURST, family name of Earldom of that 
title, q.v. for "Hons." and Lady Meriel, s&e also 

BATHURST, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Edward Camidge, D.D., 2nd Bp., formerly Vic. 
and Rur. Dean of Thirsk, Rect. of Wheldrake, 
and Preb. and Canon of York, twice el. Proctor 
of Convoen. : b. 1838, cons. 1887, mar. 1863. 
Res., Bishop's Ct., Bathurst, N.S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl. Seymour Henry Bathurst, 
7th Earl (Gt.Br.), C.M.G.(igo2), a D.L. and C.C. 
for Gloucestersh., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 
4th Batt. Glouc. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 
1900: son of 6th E. ; b. July 21, 1864; sue. 1892 
(C) ; mar. 1893 Lilias Margaret Frances Borth- 
wick, dau. of Bn. Glenesk. Seat, Cirencester 
House, Cirencester; town res., 22 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bathurst, 1712 ; Bn. Apsley, 
177 1 ; Earl Bathurst. 1772.— Allen Bathurst, M.P., son 
of Sir Benj. Bathurst, Cofferer to Queen Anne, was made 
Bn. and Earl Bathurst, whilst his 2nd son, who became 
Lord Chancellor and eventually succetded his father, 
was on his appointment created Bn. Apsley. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (jth) E. : 

Lady Meriel Olivia B., b. 1804. 
Lord Apsley, heir to Earldom : Allen Algernon B., 
b. 1895. 

Hon. William Ralph Seymour B., 2nd heir, b. 1903. 
Hon. Ralph Henry B., b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bros., sist., and half- 
sist. of present) : 


Lady Georgina Meriel, now Lady Georgina Buchanan, 
b. 1863, mar. 1885 Sir George Wm. B., K.C.V.O., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. X864.) 

Hon. Lancelot Julian B., b. 1868. Res., 41 Lowndes 
Sq., S.W. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin B., late an M.P. (0.), 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. in Glouc. Mil., served in 
S. Africa 1900, was Parliam. Priv. Sec. (unpaid) to 
the late Postmr.-Gen.: b. 1872, mar. 1902 Augusta 
Ruby, dau. of Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill, son 
of 6th D. of Marlborough (Hon. Mrs. Benjamin B.). 
Res., Dyer Street House, Cirencester. 


Lady Evelyn Selina, now Lady E. Lister, b. 1375, 
mar. 1898 the late Maj. Geo. Coryton L., son of SirT. 
Villiers Lister, K.C.M.G. (d. 1903). Res., Armitage 
Hill, Ascot ; 50 Warwick Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl's Widow. Evelyn, 
Countess B. (Evelyn Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. J. B. 
Hankey, Esq.), mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl 
Bathurst (d. 1892). Bes., St. Hilda, Sea View, 
Ryde, I.W. ; 41 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

BATHURST, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ludlow. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Frederick Edward William Hervey-Bathurst, 
5th Bt. ( U.K. 1818), Capt. Gren. Gds. retd. (1906), 
served in Nile Expedn. 1898 and in S. Africa 
1900 : son of 4th Bt., b. 1870, sue. 1900, mar. 
I 1901 the undermentioned Hon. Lady Hervey- 
Bathurst. Heir, his son Frederick 'Peter 
I Methuen (b. 1903; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Felton 
I Rainald George, b. 1871). Seat, Somborne Pk., 
Stockbridge S.O., Hants. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-) , Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady ll.-B. (Ada, dau. of Sir Jno. S. 
Ribton, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1869 Lt.-Col. Sir Fredk. T. 
A. Hervey-Bathurst, 4th Bt., an M.P. 1861-5 
(G., d. 1900). Bes., 69 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Hon. Lady, wife of 
above Bt. and dau. of 14th Bn. Inchiquin, q.v. 

BATSON, Col. Herbert, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
Devon Regt. retd. (1904) ; S. Africa lqoo-i : b. 

BATT, Capt. Reginald Crosslev, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Roy. Fus. retd. and 3rd Vol. 
Batt. Norf . Regt. : b. 1872. 

BATTEN, Col. John Mount, C.B. (Civ. 1903), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.) retd., 
Lord Lieut, and a Co. Aid. for Dorset (High 
Sheriff 1903)5 S. Africa 1902: b. 1843. Bes., 
Upcerne, Dorchester: Mornington Lodge, W. 
Kens., W. 

BATTEN (CHISHOLM-), Rear-Adm. Alex- 
ander William, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late 
A.D.C. to H. M., ret. 1907 : b. 1851. Bes., Thorn- 
cote, Corstorphine S.O., Midlothn. 
BATTENBERG— see Roy. Fam. and its Index. 
BATTERSEA, Baron. Cyril Flower, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), M.A., barrister-at-law, a Lieut, for 
City of London and late Lieut. Bucks. Imper. 
Yeom. ; an M.P. 1880-92, and has been Junior 
Lord of the Treasury : son of the late Philip W. 
Flower, Esq., of Streatham; b. Aug. 30, 1843; 
cr. Bn. 1892 [L.) ; mar. 1877 Constance, a memb. 
of League of Mercy, dau. of Sir Anthony de 
Rothschild, 1st Bt. Heir, none. Seat, The 
Pleasaunce, Overstrand, Cromer ; town res., Surrey 
House, 7 Marble Arch, W. 
Creation. Bn. Battersea, U.K. 1892.— No titled relatives. 
BATTYE, Maj.-Gen. Arthur, C.B. (Mil. 

1881) , LA. Supernum. List; Oudh 1858, N. W. 
Frontier 1864, Hazara 1868, Lushai 1871-2, and 
Afghn. 1878-80 : b. 1839. 

BATTYE, Capt. Clinton Wynyard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L. I.; Boer War 1899-1900: 
b. 1874. 

BAUCHOP, Lt.-Col. Arthur, C.M.G. (1902), 
7th New Zeald. Contingt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1871. Bes., Defence Office, Christchurch, N.Z. 
BAUGHAN, William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 

1882) , Assist. Dir. of Transports at Admiralty : b. 
1834. Bes., 1 Acacia Gdns., Reg. Pk., N.W. 

BAVARL1, H.R.H. the Regent of (Prince 
Luitpold Carl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig), G.C.B. 
(Hon. Mil. 1901), b. 1821, widower (mar. 1844 
H.I.H. Archdss. Augustin of Austria, d. 1864).— 
For other names see Royal Family-. 

BAXTER, Knight (1). Sir George Washing- 
ton Baxter, Kt. Bach. (1904), LL.D.. a D.L. of 
Dundee, and a manufacturer; b. 1853, mar. 1889 
Edith, dau. of Maj.-Gen. J. L. Fagan. Bes., 
Invereighty. nr. Forfar. 

BAXTER, Knight (2) . Sir William J. Baxter, 
Kt. Bach. (1907), a leading member of the Ulster 
Lib. Party : b. 1845, m a r - 1892. Bes., Avondale, 
Coleraine, Co. Derry. 

BAYARD, Lt.-Col. Reginald, D.S.O. (1902), 
E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BAYFORD, Capt. Edmund Heseltine, D.S.O. 
(Mil. 1902), 18th Hussars; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
has been A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay : b. 1873. 

BAYHAM, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1786) — see 
" Camden, Marq." 

BAYLEY, Knight (1). Sir Lyttelton Holy- 
oake Bayley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Puisne Judge 
of the High Ct, of Bombay and an M.L.C., also 
Lt.-Col. Bomb. Rifle Vols, and Hon. A.D.C. to 
Viceroy of India, prev. Attorn. -Gen., M.L.C., and 
M.L.A. of N.S. Wales : b. 1827, widower ; is bro. 
of Rev. Sir J. Emilius Laurie, Bt., q.v. for 
altered name. Club, Oriental. 

142 BAY Directory 

BAYLEY, Knight (2). Sit Steuart Colvin 
Bayley, K.C.S.I. (1878), CLE. (1882), late Lt.- 
Gov. of Bengal and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy 
and of that of Sec. for India, has been Ch. 
Commissr. of Assam and Resid. at Hyder- 
abad : b. 1836, mar. i860 Anna, dau. of R. N. 
Farquharson, Esq . Bes. , 2 Barkston Gdns. , Earl' s 
Ct., S.W. 

BAYLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Emily 
Anne Theophila, dau. of Sir Thos. T. Metcalfe, 
4th Bt.), mar. 1850 Sir Edwd. C. Bayley, 
K.C.S.I. (d. 1884). Bes., The Wilderness, Ascot. 

BAYLEY, Chaeles Bgtterworth, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Assist. Sec. to Bengal Govt., 
served as spec, corresp. to the Daily Telegraph 
during Thibet Expedn. : b. 1876. Bes., Calcutta. 

BAYLEY, Charles Stuart, C.S.I. (1903), 
barrister-at-law, has been an Under Sec. to Ind. 
Govt., now Resid. at Hyderabad: b. 1854. Bes., 
The Residency, Hyderabad, Deccan. 

BAYLY, Maj.-Gen. Alfred William Lam- 
bart, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1887), LA., 
late A.D.C. to H.M.; Afghn. 1879-80, Soudan, 
and Burma 1886-7, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Sec. 
to Ind. Army Dept. : b. 1856. Address, The 
Secretariat, Calcutta. 

BAYLY, Francis Albert, I.S.O. (1902), late 
Sec. and Reg. of Dist. Serv. Older, and a Princ. 
Oik. War Office : b. 1842. 

BAYLY, Commod. Lewis, C.V.O. (1907), 
comdg. North Sea Torpedo Flotilla. 

BAYLY, Hon. Mrs. Paget, dau. of 13th Bn. 

BAYLY, Col. Zachary Stanley, C.M.G. 
(1880) , late Comdt.-Gen. Cape Colon. Forces. 

BAYNE, Charles Gsrwien, C.S.I. (1901), 
Chief Sec. in Brit. Burma and memb. of Lt.-Gov.'s 
Counc, in I.C.S. from 1880: b. i860. Bes., Ran- 
goon and Mavmyo. 

BAYNES, Baronet. Sir Christopher Wil- 
liam Baynes, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1801), Agent to 
Bk. of Engld. at Law Cts. Branch: son of 3rd 
Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1897, mar - ^72 Amy Ruperta, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Colston, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Edward Colston (b. 1876; 2nd 
heir, next son, Ronald Christopher, b. 1878). 
Address, Bank of England Branch, Temple 
Bar, W.C. 

BAYNES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Margaret, dau. of Danl. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1845 Sir Wm. J. W. Baynes, 3rd Bt. (d. 1897). 

BAYNES, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Arthur Hamilton 
Baynes,~D. D . , late 2nd Bp . of Natal ( 1 893- 1 900 ) , was 
Domest. Chapl. to Abp. Benson and has been Six 
Preacher at Canterbury, now Vic. of St. Mary's, 
Nottingham, a Preb. in Southwell Cathedral, and 
Bp. Assist. : b. 1854, mar. 1894. [Distinct from Bp. 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), late Sen. 
M.L. A. of Natal, aftds. Min. of Lands and Works : 
b. 1842. Bes., Nel'sRust, Natal ; Austwick House, 

BAZLEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Sebastian 
Bazley, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1869), M.A., a D.L. for 
Glouc. (High Sheriff 1874) : son of istBt., b. 1829, 
sue. 1885, widower. Heir, his son Gardner 
Sebastian (b. 1863 ; no 2nd heir). Bes., Winter- 
dyne, Bournemouth West. 

BEACH (HICKS-) , family name of St. Aldw yn 
Visety., q.v. for Hon. Michael. 

BEACHCROFT, Knight. Sir (Richard) Mel- 
vill Beachcrqft, Kt. Bach. (1904), of a London firm 
of solicitors, formerly Vice-Chmn. L.C.C., and first 

of Peerage^ BEA 

Chmn. Metrop. Water Board : b ; 1846, mar. 1877 
Charlotte Emily, dau. of the late Robt. M. 
Bonnor-Maurice, Esq. Bes., Littlemount, Cook- 
ham Dean, Cookham Rise S.O., Berks. ; 24 
Palace Ct., Paddington, W. ; offices, 9, Theobald's 
Road, W.C. 

BEALE, Maj. Henry Yelverton, D.S.O. 
(1902), late Norf. Regt. ; Burma 1892-3, S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BEALL, Capt, George,I.S.O. (i903),F.R.G.S., 
formerly in merchant service, late Princ. Examiner 
of Masters and Mates, Bd. of Trade, i3 a Younger 
Bro. of Trin. House : b. 1840. Bes., Eyot Mead, 
Mayfield S.O., Sussex. 

BEARCROFT, Col. Edward Hugh, C.B. (Civ. 
1903), late Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Batt. 
Wore. Regt. (Mil.); S. AStica 1901-2: b. 1852. 
Bes., Mere Hall, Droitwich. 

BEARCROFT, Rear-Adm. John Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), E. Coast 
of Africa 1871-80, Coast of Greece 1886, and in 
China-Japan War, comd. Roy. Nav. Brigade in 
S. Africa 1899-1900, ret. 1906: b. 1851. Club, 
U. Serv. 

BEARD, Charles Thomas, I.S.O. (1903). B.A., 
Chief Clerk in Irish Secretary's London Office : 
b. 1858. Address, Irish Office, Westmr., S.W. 

BEARD, Supt. Frederic, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1902), Chief Offr. "A" Divn., Metrop. Police: 
b. 1849. 

BEATSON, Knight (1). Col. Sir George 
Thomas Beatson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1907), V.D., M.D., 
Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. R.A.M.C. Vols., Glasgow 
Company ; Sen. Surgeon to Glasgow Cancer Hos- 
pital : b. 1848. Bes., j Woodside Cresc, Glasgow. 

BEATSON, Knight (2). Maj.-Gen. Sir Stuart 
Brownlow Beatson, K.C.S.I. (1906), C.B. (Mil. 
1898), LA., served in Jowalri 1877-8, Afghn. 1878- 
80, Egypt, Burma 1886-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8, 
S. Africa 1901-2, an Extra Equerry to H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales: b. 1854, mar. 1889 Edith 
Cecil, dau. of the late Lt.-Gen. Sir Wm. K. Elles, 
K.C.B. Club, Cavalry. 

BEATSON, Col. Charles Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1907), I.M.S. Bengal: b. 1851. 

BEATSON, Col. Finlay Cochrane, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Wilts. Regt.; South Africa 1899-1902, 
was Prof, at Staff Coll. 1892-8, now D.A.G. at. 
Headqrs. LA. : b. 1855. Bes., Simla. 

BEATTY, Maj. Charles Harold Longfield, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., late Capt., 6th Batt. 
Roy. Warwicks. Regt. . (Mil. ) ; S. Africa 1900-1 : 
b. 1870. Bes., Bedford Cottage, Newmarket, 
Suffolk ; Borodale. Wexford. 

BEATTY, Capt. David, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1905), D.S.O. (1896), R.N., Dongola, Nile 1897-8, 
China 1900: b. 1871. Bes., 15 Upp. Grosvenor 
St., W. 

BEATTY, Hazlitt Michael, C.M.G. (1902), 
Chief Locomotive Supt. Govt. Rails., Cape of 
Good Hope. Bes., Cape Town. 

BEAUCHAMP {pron. Beecham), Earl. Wil- 
liam Lygon (pron. Liggon), 7th Earl {U.K.), P.O. 
{Gt. Br. 1906), K.C.M.G. (1899), LL.D., Lord 
Steward of the Househd., a D.L. for Wore, late 
Capt. of Hon. Corps of Gentn. at Arms, is Hon. 
Col. 1st Wore. Vol. Artill. and Commonwth. Mtd. 
Forces, Mayor of the city 1895, was Gov. of N.S. 
Wales 1899-1901 : son of 6th E. ; b. Feb. 20, 1872 ; 
sue. 1891 {L.) ; mar. 1902 Lady Lettice Mary 
Elizabeth Grosvenor, sist. of present D. of West- 
minster. Seat, Madresfield Ct., Malvern Link; 
town res., 13 Belgrave Sq., S.W., and Engine Ct., 
St. James's Pal., S.W. 

BE A Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BE A 143 

Creations. U.K.: Bn. Beauchamp, 1806; Earl Beau- 
champ and Vise. Elmley, 1815.— Wm. Lygon, for 3° years 
M.P. for Worcestershire, was the recipient of these 
three titles. That of Bn. Beauchamp had been granted 
to this line by King Henry VI., lasting 1447-96, and no 
fewer than nine titles so styled are enumerated in 
' Nicolas.' 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (7th) E.: 

Vise. Elmley, heir to Earldom : William L., b. 1903. 
Hon. Hugh Patrick L., 2nd heir, b. 1904. 
Lady Lettiee L. , b. 1906. 

Lady L., b. 1907. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (sists., half-broa., &c, of 
present) : 


Lady Mary, now Lady M. H.-S.-Forhis-Trefusis, a 
Woman of the Bedchamber toli.R.H. the Princess 
of Wales : b. 1869, mar. 1905 Mai. Hon. Henry Walter 
H.-S.-F.-T., son of 20th Bh. Clinton, q.v. 

Lady Susan, now Lady S. Gordon-Gilmour, b. 1S70, 
mar. i8S9Lt.-Col. Robt. Gordon (?.-<?., C.B., q.v. 

(Present Earl, b. 1872. ) 

Lady Margaret, now The Lady Ampthill, CI.,b. 1874, 
mar. 1894 2nd Bn. A., q.v. 


Hon. Robert L., Capt. Gren. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1900, was AD.C. to Gov. of Madras 
1900-3 : b. 1879, mar. 1903 Cecil Albinia, dau. of Sir 
Geo. G. Arbuthnot (Hon. Mrs. Robert L.). Res., 
with C'tss. below and Hon. Henry. 

Lady Agnes, n^w Lady A. Peel, b. 1880, mar. 1906 
Hon. Arthur Geo. Villiers P., son of Vise. Peel. 

Lady Maud L., b. 1882. 

Hon. Henry L., B.A., L.C.C., 2nd Lieut. Suff. Imper. 
Yeom. : b. 1884. Res., with follg. 
BEAUCHAMP, Earl's "Widow. Emily, Coun- 
tess B., nee Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierre- 
pont, dan. of 3rd Earl Manvers, b. 1853, mar. 
1878, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl Beauchamp (d. 1891). 
Res., 41 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

BEAUCHAMP, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1750)— see 
" Hertford. M. of." 

Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 5th Bt. 
(Gt. Br. 1745), a D.L. for Norfolk, late Capt. and 
Hon. Maj. Pr. of Wales's Own Norf. Artill. 
(Mil.) : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1874. mar. 
1880 Lady Violet Jocelyn, whom he divorced 1901. 
Heir pres., his bro. Col. Horace George P.-B., 
C.B., q.v. (2nd heir, next bro., Montagu Harry, 
b. i860). Seat, Langley Pk., Norwich. 

George, C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg. 20th Hussars; 
Soudan 1885 and 1888, S. Africa 1902, wa3 with 
EgyptD. Army 1887-91, ret. 1904 : b. 1856, is heir 
to above Baronetcv. 

BEAUCLERK," family name of St. Albans 
Dukedom, q.v. for Lord Y/illiam and " Ladies." 

BEAUEORT, Duke of. Henry Adelbert 
Wellington EitzRot Somerset, 9th Duke (Eng.), 
a D.L. for Brecon, Glouc, and Monm., High 
Steward of Bristol, Hered. Keeper of Ragland 
Castle, Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., Glouc. 
Imper. Yeom., an A.D.C. to H.M., formerly Capt. 
Roy. Horse Gds. : son of 8th D. ; b. May 19, 
1847 ; sue. 1899 (C.) ; mar. 1895 Louise Emily, dau. 
of the late Wm. H. Harford, Esq., and widow of 
Bn. Carlo de Tuyll. Seats, Badminton House, 
Chippenham, Wilts. ; Llangattock Pk., Crick- 
how ell, Brecons. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Botetourt, 1S03 (orig. 1305 by 
writ); Bn. Herbert of Herbert, 1461 by writ, and Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow, and Gower, 1506 by 
patent ; E. of Worcester, 1514 : M. of Worcester, 1642 ; 
E. of Glamorgan, Vise. Grosmont, and Bn. Beaufort, 
1644 ; D. of Beaufort, 1682.— The Botetourt Bny. was 
first granted to Jno. de Botetourt, but fell into abeyance 
on the death of his son in 1406, so continuing till 1764, 
and again from 1776 to 1803, when it was revived to the 
5th Duke. The Herbert of Herbert Bny. was conferred 

upon Wm. Herbert, afterwards Earl of Pembroke, 
beheaded 1469. His aon succeeded him, and had his 
Earldom exchanged for that of Huntingdon. Sir Chas. 
Somerset, K.G. and Kt. Banneret, a natural son of 
Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, was created Bn. 
Herbert of Ragland &c., but, having married the 
heiress of the preceding, he was summoned to Parliament 
as Bn. Herbert of Herbert, thus uniting the two 
Baronies, though they retain their distinction as one by 
writ and the other by patent, and are subject to the 
possibility of becoming separated, as shown in the 
statement of heirdom below. Sir Charles was after- 
wards created Earl of Worcester. The 5th Earl was 
raised to the Marquessate, the 2nd Marq. before succes- 
sion had the title Earl of Glamorgan conferred on 
him, and the 3rd was created Duke of Beaufort. The 
Grosmont Viscty. may originally have been " Grismond," 
as Sir H. Nicolas argues, mentioning, however, a 
Grosmont in Normandy which may have produced the 
altered form. At all events the ruins of Grosmont 
Castle still exist in the late grounds of the Duke in 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (gth) D. : 

Lady Blanche Linnie S., b. 1897. 
Laxiy Diana Maud Nina S., b. 1898. 
Marquess of Worcester, heir to Dukedom and all 
titles : Henry Hugh Arthur FitzRoy S., b. igco. 
(2nd heir to Dukedom and other titles by patent, 
his uncle Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard ; to 
Barony of Herbert of Herb., the above two 
daughters. ) 

Surviving issue of Sth D. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1847.) 

Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard Charles S., b. 1849— 

see " Somerset. Priv. Counc." 
Lord Henry Arthur George S., a D.L. for Wilts., 

formerly Maj. Roy. Horse Gds. (served in Egyptian 

and Nile Expedns.) and Extra Equerry to H.M. 

when Prince of Wales : b. 1851. 
— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Henry (Richard) S., wife of Rt. Hon. Lord 

Henry Richard. 
Lady Edward S. (Fanny Julia, dau. of Sir Alex. B. C. 

Dixie, 10th Bt.), mar., 1st, i83o, the late Lord 

Hy. Edward Brudenell 5. (b. 1833, d. 1897) ; 2ndly, 

1898, J. Gratwicke Blagrave, Esq.— retaining title 

by courtesy. Res., Apostles' Oak, Abberley, Stour- 

port, Wore. 
Issue of 7th D. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 8th Duke, b. 1824, d. 1899.) 
Lady Geraldine Harriet Anne S., V.A., Lady in 

Waiting to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Cambridge : 

b. 1832. Res., 8 Upper Brook St., W. 
Lady Katherine Emily Mary, now The Lady Orma- 

thwaite, b. 1834, mar. 1358 2nd Bn. O., q.v. 
Lady Edith Frances Wilhelmine, now Dow. Ctss. of 

Londesborough (q.v.), b. 1338, mar. 1863, wid. 1900. 

BEAUMONT, family name of Allendale 
Barony (not of follg.), q.v. for "Hons." 

BEAUMONT, Baroness. Mona Josephine 
Tempest Stapleton, Bnss. 11th in line (Eng.) : 
dau. of 10th Bn. ; t>. Aug. 1, 1894 : sue. (after an 
abeyance of nine months) 1896. Seat, Carlton 
Towers, Carlton S.O., Yorks. 

Creation. Bn. Beaumont, Eng. 1309 by writ.— The 
1st Bn., Henry de Beaumont, was sen of Louis 
de Brienne (by an heiress of the Beaumonts of Nor- 
mandy, whose name he assumed), and grandson of John 
de Brienne, King of Jerusalem, by Berengaria sister of 
Ferdinand, King of Castile and Leon, being thus 2nd 
cousin to Edward II. ; he was also a relative and com- 
panion-in-arrns of Edward I. in his Scottish wars. The 
2nd Baron, John, married Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter 
of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, who was grandson of 
Henry III. and great-grandson, through his mother, 
Blanche dArtois, of Louis VIII. of France. Isabel, 
daughter of the 1st Baron, married Henry, Duke of Lan- 
caster, and was grandmother of Henry IV. On the 
death of the 7th Bn. in 1507 the Peerage fell into abey- 
ance, and so continued until 1840. A second but much 
briefer abevance followed in 189s when the 10th Bn. left 
at his death two daughters, to the elder of whom the 
succession was awarded by the Crown in the next year. 
The 6th and 7th Bns. held the title of Vise. Beaumont 
(1440-1507), this constituting the first creation of that 
rank in England 

Directory of Peerage, 



(/Present Baroness, bi 1894.) 

Holii Ivy Mjvrx Utapleton^ heiress pres. to Barony, 
b:. (posthumous) 1895. . (No definite 2nd heir, but 
the Rev. Gilbert^'., M.A., b. 1862, a 1st cousin 
bnce, removed, is the nearest relative among the 
iriany descendants under the first abeyance); 

BEAUMONT, Barons' Widows. (1) The 
Dowager Lady B., nee Hon. Isabella Anne Browne, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Kilmaine, b. abt. 1824, mar. 1844 
8th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1854).— (2) Violet, Lady B., 
dau. df the late Fredk. W. Isaacson, Esq., M.P., 
mar. 1888 9th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1892). Res., 49 
Eaton PL, S.W.— (3) Ethel, Lady B. (Ethel Mary, 
dau. of Sir Chas. H. Tempest, 1st and only Bt. of 
Heaton). mar. 1893 10th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1895). 
Ues., with her dau. the Baroness. 

BEAUMONT, Baronet. Sir George Ho wland 
William Beaumont, lothBt. {Eng. 1661), formerly 
Capt. R.A. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1851, sue. 1882, 
mar. 1880 Lillie Ellen, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Geo. A. 
Craster. Heir, his son George Arthur Hamilton 
(b. 1881 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Frederick Louis 
Maureward, b. 1862) . Res. , Coleoiton Hall, Ashby- 

BEAUMONT, Knight. Adm. Sir Lewis 
Anthony Beaumont, K.C.B. (Mil. 1904), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), F.K.G.S., Com.-in-Ch. at Devonport, prev. 
on Pacific and Austral. Stations, was Dir. of 
Nav. Intell. at Admiralty and a Nav. A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria, served in Arctic Expedn. 1875-6 : 
b. 1847, mar. 1889 Mary Eleanor, dau. of Chas. 
C. Perkins, Esq., of Boston, U.S. Res., Admiralty 
House, Devonport. 

BEAUMONT, Ladies — see Baroness, Barons' 
Widows, and under Baronet and Knight. 

BEAVER, Lieut. Henry Allen, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1903), R.N. retd., of H.M.'s yacht. 

BEBERRUA, Count of. Antonio Caruana- 
Gatto, 3rd Ct. {Malta 17R3), M.D., Vice-Pres. of 
Cmttee. of Privileges and a memb. of Cmttee. of 
Assembly of Maltese Nobility : nephew of 2nd 
Ct., b. 1839, sue. 1891, mar. 1867 Vincenza, dau. 
of Ct. Ferdinando F. Mont' Alto. Heir, his son 
Alfred, Gontino of Beberrua (b. 1868 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Rev. Robert, dci Conti C.-G., b. 1871). 
Res., 59 Strada Levante, Valetta; 3 Strada 
Reale, Casal Attard, Malta. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Baronet. Sir John 
Wrixon-Becher, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1831), M.A., 
a D.L. for Co. Cork (HighSheriff 1867) : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1828, sue. 1893, mar. 
1857 the under-mentioned Lady Emily Wrixon- 
Becher. Heir, his son Eustace William Wind- 
ham (b. 1859; 2nd heir, next son, Edgar, 
b. 1862). Seats, Ballygiblin (Mallow), and Creagh 
S.O., both Co. Cork. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Baronet's Widow {re~ 
mrrd.). Florence, Lady W.-B. (Florence Eliza- 
beth Hannah, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Walker, 
Esq.) mar., 1st, 1878, Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1893) ; 2ndly, 1894, Arthur D. H. H. 
Reynell-Pack,Esq.,but retains her title by right. 
Res., Netherton, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Lady Emily Kathe- 
rine, dau. of 2nd E. of Listowel (q.v.), and wife 
of Sir Jno. Wrixon-Becher, Bt. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Hon. Mrs. Eustace, 
dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe and wife of heir to 
above Btcy. 

BECK, Col. Charles Harrop, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., 4th Batt., 
Chesh. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-2: b. 1861. 

Res., Upton Priory, Macclesfield; Frongoch, 
Llanlugan, Berriew S.O;, Montgom. 

BECK, Frank Reginald, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1901), Agent to H.M. at Sandringham: b. 1861. 

BECKETT, family name of GrImthorpe 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons.," and see below. 

BECKETT, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), late 3rd Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan, was 
an A.A.G. in Natal 1899-1900, and A.Q.M.G. at 
Headqrs., late Ch. Staff Offr. in Malta and Brig.- 
Gen. in charge of Administ. there, ret. 1906: 
b. 1849. Club, U. Serv. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Gervase, dau. of late 
Vise. Helmsley, and granddau. of E. of Fever- 
sham, q.v. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton, dau. of 1st 
and last Bn. Lyndhurst. 

BECKETT, Col. Stephen, C.B. (Mil. 1885), 
I. A. retd. (1889) ; Mutiny, Frontier 1863-4, 
Afghn. 1879, Suakin 1885: b. 1840. Res., 10 
Freeland Rd., Ealing, W. 

BECKWITH, Lady Muriel Beatrice, dau. of 
7th D. of Richmond. 

BECTIVE, Earl of {by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1766), elder son and heir of Marq. of Headfort. 

BEDDARD, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, dau. of Bn. 

BEDFORD, Duke of. Herbrand Arthur 
Russell, 11th Duke {Eng.), K.G. (1902), F.S.A., 
P.Z.S., Lord Lieut, of Middx., Chmn. Beds. 
C.C. and a D.L., a Trustee of Brit. Mus , 
Lt.-Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. Beds. Regt. and of 
19th Middx. Rifle Vols., formerly Lieut. Gren. 
Gds., served in Egypt 1882 and was A.D.C. to 
Gov.-Gen. of India, el. 1st Mayor of Holborn 
1900 : son of 9th D. and bro. of 10th ; b. Feb. 19, 
1858; sue. 1893 {L.U.)\ mar. 1888 Mary Du 
Caurroy, a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus., dau. 
of Ven. Archdn. Tribe. Seats, Woburn Abbey, 
Wobum S.O., Beds. ; Oakley House, Bedford; 
Endsleigh, Tavistock, Devon ; town res., 15 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Russell of Cheneys, 1539 ; E. of 
Bedford, 1550 ; Bn. Russell of Thornhaugh, 1603 ; D. of 
Bedford and M. of Tavistock, 1694; Bn. Howland, 1695.— 
An Earldom of Bedford and two Dukedoms had existed 
between 1150 and 1495, but had all become extinct : the 
earliest to hold the Dukedom was a brother of King ' 
Henry V., who became Regent of England and Constable 
of France during the next King's minority. The above 
Bny. and Earldom were conferred upon John Russell, a 
gentleman residing on the Dorsetshire coast, whose 
cousin Sir Thos. Trenchard had hospitably entertained 
the Archduke Philip of Austria, who, in a voyage from 
Flanders to Spain, had been driven into Weymouth by 
a violent hurricane. Sir Thomas acquainted the Court 
with the presence of the illustrious visitor, but deputed 
the actual attendance upon him to Mr. Russell, who 
had lately returned from the Continent and was 
familiar with the German language. He was in 
consequence introduced (with the Archduke) to Henry 
VII., by whom he was taken into favour, and this 
continued under his three successors to the throne. 
The 5th Earl obtained the Dukedom and Marquessate, 
the 2nd Duke before succession being given the Howlana 
Barony, that of Thornhaugh having been awarded to 
the 4th son of the 2nd Earl, whose own son succeeded as 
4th Earl. William, Lord Russell (courtesy-title ; he was 
"Hon. Wm. Russell" until the death of hi9 elder 
brother), the distinguished statesman who was beheaded 
in 1683 on a charge of high treason, was 2nd son of the 
Earl who became 1st Duke. The youngest brother of 
the 9th Duke became 1st Bn. Arnpthill, as stated in loe. 
Titled Relatives. 

Sole issue of present {nth) D.: 

Marq. of Tavistock, heir to Dukedom : Hastings 
AVilliam Sackville R., b. 1888. (2nd heir, his 1st 
cous. once rem., Harold John Hastings R., son of 
qth Duke's bro. Lord Arthur, b. 1868.) 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BEL 145 

Surviving issue ofgth D, (gists, of present) : 
(The late 10th Duke, b. 1852, d. 1893, childless.) 
Lady Ela Monica Sackville jB., b. 1854. Re.s., Chorley 

Wood House, Rickmansworth H.O., Herts. ; 51 

Prince's Gt., S.W. • 
Lady Ermyntrude Sackville, now Lady Erm. Malet, 
■ b. 1856, mar. 1885 Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Baldwin if., 

Bt. f G.C.B., (i.v. 
(Present Duke, b. 1858.) 
Sist. -in-law "of gth D. (aunt of present; husb. 
granted rank of Duke's son) I 
(The late 9th Duke, b. 1819, d. 1891.) 
Lady Arthur R. (Laura, dau. of Vicointe de Pey- 

ronnet), mar. 1865 the late Lord Arthur John 

Edward R. (d. 1892). Res., The Ridgeway, Shere, 

Guildford ; 2 Audley Sq.. W. 
(The late 1st Jin. Ampthill, b. 1829, d. 1884.) 

BEDFORD, Duke's Widow. Adeline, Duchess 
of B., nee Lady Adeline .Marie Somers-Cocks, dau. 
of 3rd Earl Somers, b. 1852, mar. 1876 \oth. D. of 
Bedford (d. 1893). Res., Chenies, Rickmansworth 
S.O., Herts. ; 26 Bruton St., W. ' • 

BEDFORD, Knight. Adm. Sir Frederick 
George Denham Bedford, G.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; 
K.C.B., 1894), Gov. of Western Australia ; served 
in Black and Baltic Seas and in operations on the 
Nile and the Gambia; late Com.-in-Ch. on N. 
Amer. Station, was 2nd Nav. Lord of the 
Admiralty 1895-9, prev. on the Cape and W. 
Coast, a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria 1888-91, 
ret. 1903: b. 1838, mar. 1880 Ethel, dau. of E. R. 
Turner, Esq. Bes., Govt. House, Perth, W. 

BEDFORD, Lt.-Col. Walter George 
Augustus, C.M.G. (1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., S. 
Africa 1899-1901 as See. to Princ. Med. Offr., 
prev. Dep. Assist. Dir. A.M.S. : b. 1858. 

Henry Edward Paston-Bedingfeld, 8th Bt. (Eng. 
1661), late Maj. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.), 
served in S. Africa 1901-2 : son of 7th Bt., b. i860, 
j sue. 1902, mar. 1904 Sibyl, dau. of the late Henry 
i A: Lyne-Stephens, Esq. Heir, his son Henry 
i Stephens Augustus (b. 1906 ; 2nd heir, his bro. 
! Richard Henry Clavering, b. 1862). Seat, Oxburgh 
f Hall, Stoke Ferry S.O. , Norfolk. 
I - BEDINGFELD (PASTON-), Baronet's 
: Widow. Dowager Lady P.-B. (Augusta, dau. of 
E. Clavering, Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Henry G. Pas- 
ton-Bedingfeld, 7th Bt. (d 1902). Bes., 45 Crom- 
well Rd., S.W. 

BEECH, Maj. John Robert, C.M.G. (1888), 
D.S.O. (1891), Scottish Horse Imper. Yeom., 
formerly Capt. 20th Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan 
1882-91, S. Africa 1900, went on Spec. Mission to 
Abyssinia 1887 : b. i860. 

BEEK, James Scott, I.S.O. (1903), Auditor- 
Gen, of New Brunswick. Bes., Fredericton. 

BEEVOR, Baronet. Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 
5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1784), M.D., F.R.C.P., Phys. to 
King's Coll. Hosp., and to City of Lond. Hosp. 
for Diseases of Chest, Repres. for Soc. of Apothecs. 
on Gen. Med. Counc : son of 4th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 
1885; mar. 1894 Emily Georgina, dau. of Sir Wm. 
Foster, 2nd Bt. of Norwich. Heir, bis son Thomas 
Lubbock (b. 1897; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ralph 
Jenny, b. 1859) . Bes., Croxley Grn. S.O., Herts. ; 
17 Wimpole St., W. 

BEEVOR, Lt.-Col. Walter Calverley, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.B., R.A.M.C., late tst Scots Gds. ; 
Soudan 1885, Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. 
Africa 1900 (a Princ. Med. OSr. 1901-2), late on 
Staff of Gov. of Bombay : b. 1858. Club, Guards' . 

BEGBIE, Maj.-Gen. Elphinstone Waters, 
C.B. (Mil. 1896), D.S.O. (1891), Abyss. 1867-8, 
Daffla 1874-5, an( l Burma 1885-6, was D.A.G. 

Madras 1895-6, now on Supermini. List : b. 1842. 
Address, c/o London and County Bank, Brighton. 

BEHRENS, Hon. Mrs. Clive, dau. of Bn. 

EELAM, Cdm. Henry, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), R.N. retd., now Marine Surveyor to Mersey 
Docks Bd.i b. 1853. Bes., 34. Bsntley Rd., 
Liverpool. - 

BELCHER, Capt. Harold Thomas, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1875. ~ 

BELCHER, Maj. Robert, C.M.G. (1961), 
Canad. Rebellion 1885 and S. Africa 1900-1, now 
an Insp. of N.W. Territs. Mtd. Police : b. 1849. 
Ris., Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. 

BELFAST, Earl op (Irel. 1791), a title of the 
Donegall Marquessate bome by the heir when a 
son. Baron Chichester of Belfast (1625) * s a l so a 
title of the Marquessate. 

BELFIELD, Maj.-Gen. Herbert Eversley, 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1902), Ashanti 1895-6, 
S. Africa 1900-2, now comdg. 4th Div. : b. 1857. 

BELGRAVE, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1784), a title 
of the Westminster Dukedom, borne by the 
present Duke while a grandson. 

BELHAVEN, Master of, title of the son and 
heir of following. - 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron. Alex- 
ander Charles Hamilton, 10th Bn. (Scot.), 
a Scott. Repres. Peer (el. J900), a D.L. for 
Lanarks., Col. R.E.retd., Hon. Col. 2nd Lanarks. 
Vol. Engrs. ; comd. Surrey Vol. Inf. Brig. 1888- 
1902, served in Zulu War : son of the late Wm. 
Jno. Hamilton, Esq.,M.P.,F.R.S., and a collateral 
relation of the late 9th Bn. (they being both 
descended from a gt. uncle of the 2nd Bn., the 
succession passing to heirs -general) ; b. July 3, 
1840; sue. 1893 and established his claim 1894 
(C.) ; mar. 1880 Georgina Katharine, dau. of the 
late Legh Richmond, Esq. Seat, Wishaw House, 
Wishaw, Lanarks.; town res., 41 Lennox Gdns., 
Chelsea, S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belhaven and Stenton, Scot. 1647, 
renewed 167$.— The 1st Bn. was so created for his devotion 
to Charles 1. His father was a natural brother of the 
1st Earl of Arran (Scot. ), and an additional connection 
between this house and those of Abercorn and Hamilton 
existed on the mother's side, she being a descendant of 
Sir Jno. Hamilton, 4th Ld. of Cadzow, whose grandson 
was summoned to Parliament as Ld. Hamilton (see 
" Hamilton and B., D. of "). The U.K. title Bn. Hamil- 
ton of Wishaw was in 1831 granted to the 8th Bn., who 
died childless in i863. The course of succession has 
repeatedly been the subject of dispute. 

Titled Relatives. 
Sole issue of present (10th) Bn. : 

Master of Belhaven, heir to Barony : Hon. Ralph 
Gerard Alexander 11., Lieut. 3rd Hussars, b. 
1S83, mar. 1904 Lady Grizel Winifred Louisa 
Cochrane, dau. of 12th E. of Dundonald. (2nd heir, 
his 1st cousin Capt. Robert Edward Archibald H., 
b. 1871.) 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Grizel W. Louisa H„ see preceding. 

Issue ofgth Bn. (remote cousins of present) : 

Hon. Leonore Agnes Watson Nisbet, now Hon. Mrs. 

Borras Whiteside, b. 1878, mar. 1903 R. Borras W., 

Esq. Res., 3 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 
Hon. May Clarke Mary Nisbet H., b. 1879. 
Hon. Clarice Jessie Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Napier, 

b. 1881, mar. 1899 the Master of Napier, see " N. and 

Hon. Muriel Louise H., b. 1884. 
Hon. Winifred Maude H, b. 1886. 
Hon. Dorothy Henrietta H., b. 1888. 
Hon. Georgina Violet H., b. 1889. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron's Widow. 
Georgina, Lady Belh. & S., dau. of Sir Jno. 


146 BEL 

Watson, ist Bt. of Earnock, mar. 1877 9th Bn. 
Belhaven and S. (d. 1893). lies., 8 Eglinton 
Cresc, Edinburgh. 

BELL, Baronet of Glasgow. Sir James Bell, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1895), a ship-owner, a D.L. for 
Glasgow (late Lord Provost), also a D.L. for 
Lanarks. and late Hon. Col. 1st Lanarks. Eifle 
Vols., is a memb. of Eoy. Patriotic Fund Corp.: 
son of Jno. Bell, Esq., of above city; b. 1850, 
mar. 1875 Helen, dau. of the late ¥m. Findlay, 
Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1876; no 2nd heir). 
Res., Montgreenan, Kilmarnock. 

BELL, Baronet of Otterburn— see "Bell 

BELL, Baronet of Bourdon. Sir (Thomas) 
Hugh Bell, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1885), Lord Lieut, of 
N. Bid., a D.L. for Co. Durham (High Sheriff 
1895), an iron-master and coal-owner: son of 
1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 1904, mar. 1876, 2nd wife, 
Florence Eveleen Eleanore, dau. of the late Sir 
Jos. Olliffe, M.D. (1st wife d. 1871). Heir, his 
son Maurice Hugh Lowthian (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Hugh Lowthian, b. 1878). Seat, 
Eounton Grange and Mt. Grace Priory, both nr. 
Northallerton, Yorks. : town res., 95 Sloane St., 

BELL, Knight (1) . Bt. Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bell, Kt. Bach. (1902), an Aid. and Lieut, of City 
of London, Lord Mayor 1908 (" Bt. Hon." during 
term of office), was Sheriif 1901-2, Past-Master or 
upon Court of three City Cos., Chmn. of "Wenlock 
Brewery Co., City Bd. : b. 1844, mar. 1868 
Caroline, dau. of Thos. Clare, Esq. Res., Frame- 
wood, Stoke Poges S.O., Bucks. ; 61 Portland 
PL, W. 

BELL, Knight (2). Sir "William James Bell, 
Kt. Bach. (1892), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Vice- 
Chmn. Boss and Cromarty C.C. 1891-2, is a D.L. 
for same Cos. and for Co. of London (a Co. Aid. 
for latter 1902-7) and a memb. Boy. Co. of Archers 
(Scot.) : b. 1859, mar. 1882 Bertha Diana, dau. of 
the late G. Torr, Esq. Res., 211 Ashley Gdns., 
Westmr., S.W. 

BELL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Margaret 
Miller, dau. of Wm. M'T. D'Orsey, Esq., M.D.), 
mar. 1861 Sir Josh. P. Bell, Pres. Leg. Counc. 
Queensld. (d. 1881). Res., Jimbour, Dalby, Qnsld. 

BELL, Charles George Harland, C.M.G. 

(1902) , late Civil Commissr. and Bes. Magistrate 
at Mafeking. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Charles (Wentworth), dau. 
of Bn. Biddulph. 

BELL, Capt. G. J., D.S.O. (1902), Victrn. 
Contgt. ; S. Africa 1902. 

BELL, Henry Hesketh Joudou, C.M.G. 

(1903) , Gov. of Uganda Protect., late Ad- 
ministrator of Dominica, prev. Assist. Treas. 
at Gold Coast and M.E.C. Bahamas : b. 1864. 
Res., Entebbe, Uganda. 

BELL, Capt. Henry Stanley, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
1st N'thumb. Vol. Artill. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 

BELL, James, C.B. (Civ. 1889), D, Sc., Ph.D., 
F.B.S., late Princ. of Somerset House Laboratory 
and Cons. Chemist to chief Pub. Depts. : b. 1825. 
Res., 52 Cromwell Bd. , Hove, Brighton. 

BELL, Lt.-Col. John William, C.M.G. (1901), 
V.D., lateoomdg. Queenstn. Bif. Vols., is Master 
of Supr. Ct. Transvaal; S. Africa 1877-8 and 
1899-1901 : b. 184& Res., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

BELL, Hon. Mas. Matthew— see " Dyke, Hon. 

BELL, Robert, LS.O. (1903), M.D., D.Sc, 
f LL.D., F.R.S., Dir. of Geolog. Survey of Canada, 

Prof, of Chemistry and Nat. Sci. in Queen's Univ. 
Kingston, author of numerous geolog. papers: 
b. 1841. Res., 136 Maclaren St., Ottawa. 

BELL, Valentine Graeme, C.M.G. (1903), 
P.C. (Jamaica), F.B.C.T.,M.I.C.E.,M.L.C.,P.C, 
and Dir. of Public Works, Jamaica : b. 1839. Res., 

BELL, Col. William (i),C.B.(Civ. 1889), retired 
from Army and now Sec. to Govt, of Guernsey 
(from 1862), late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1829. 
Res., Swissville, Guernsey. 

BELL, William (2), CLE. (1904), M.A., Dir. 
of Publ. Instr. and Under Sec. to Govt, in Educ. 
Dept., Punjab: b. i860. Res., Lahore. 

BELL (BEATSON-), Nicholas Dodd, CLE. 
(1905), Acting Dir. of Land Becords and Agric, 

BELL (LYNDEN-), Maj. Arthur Lyndbn 
(name doubled), C.M.G. (1905), E. Kent Eegt. ; 
Chitral Belief 1895, now D.A.A.G. in Southn. 
Comd.: b. 1867. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

BELL (MOEBISON-) , Baronet. Sir Charles 
William Morrison-Bell, 1st Bt. of Otterburn 
{U.K. 1905), a D.L. for Co. Durham, formerly 
Lieut. 15th Hussars and Maj. 3rd Batt. Durh. 
Bif. Vols.: son of the late Wm. Bell, Esq., of Ford 
Hall, Durham ; b. 1833, mar, 1863 Louisa Maria, 
dau. of Wm. H. Dawes, Esq.; assumed name of 
Morrison by licence 1905. Heir, his son Capt. 
Claude William Hedley M.-B. (b. 1867; 2nd 
heir, next son, Maj. Arthur Clive M.-B., b. 1871). 
Seats, Otterburn Hall, Otterb. S.O., N'thumb.; 
High Grn. Manor, Bellingham S.O., same Co. ; 
town res., 13 Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 

BELLAIBS, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir William 
Bellairs, K.C.M.G. (1882), C.B. (Mil. 1878), served 
through Crimean War, Kaffir and Zulu Wars, 
and has been Administr. of Natal and M.L.C. 
and Com. of Forces in Transvaal, ret. 1887 and is 
Col. Boy. Berks. Eegt.: b. 1828, mar. 1867, 2nd 
wife, Blanche St. John, dau. of Fras. A. Mosch- 
zisker, Esq., Ph.D. Res., Clevedon, Somerset. 

BELLAIBS, Hamond d'Albini, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), Brit. Vice-Cons, at Biarritz. 

BELLAMY, Knight. Sir Joseph Arthur 
Bellamy, Kt. Bach. (1904), memb. of a steamship 
firm and holding office in Harbour Improvement 
and Gaslight Cos., late a CC. for Plymouth, was 
Mayor 1901 and 1902 ; b. 1845, mar. 1868 Susan 
Mill, dau. of Wm. S. Wills, Esq. Res., Yalta, 
Mannamead, Plymouth. 

BELLAMY, Capt. Eobebt, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Boy. Suss. Eegt. ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1871. 

BELLEW, family name of following Barony. 

BELLEW {pron. Belyoo), Baron. Charles 
Bertram Bellew, 3rd Bn. {Irel.), an Ir. Bepres. 
Peer (el. 1904) and a Bt., Lieut, of Co. Louth, 
formerly Capt. 6th Batt. Eoy. Ir. Eifles (Louth 
Mil.) : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. April 19, 1855 ; sue. 
1895 (C.) ; mar. 1883 Mildred Mary Josephine, 
dau. of Sir Humphrey de Trafford, 2nd Bt. 
Seat, Barmeath Castle, Dunleer S.O., Co. Louth. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1688 ; Bn. Bellew, 1848.— The 
Rt. Hon. Sir Patrick Bellew, 7th Bt., Lieut, of Co. 
Louth, was the first to obtain this Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Hon. George Leopold Bryan (assumed surname by 
licence x88i in lieu of Bellew), heir pres. to Barony, 
Maj. late 10th Hussars, served in Nile Expedn. 
1884-5 and in S. Africa 1900-x : b. 1857. Res., with 

Hon. Richard Eustace B., 2nd heir, b. 1858, mar. 
189s, 2nd wife, Gwendoline Marie Josephine, dau. 

Directory of Peerage, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c* 



of Wm. Ri J. F. Herbert, Esq. (Hdh. Mrs. Richd. 
B.). Res., Jettkinstown Pk., Kilkenny) *& St. 
JameS'8 Ct., Budkm. Gt., S.W. 

Issue of 1st Bn. (aunts of present) x 

She late and Baron, b. 1830, d. 1895.) 
on. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Woolmdre 
Smith, b. 183*, mar. 1865 the late Capt. Jno. Wool- 
more S., but obtd. judic, sep. 1900. (he died 1903). 
Res., with following. 
Hon. Annabella Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Conyers 
Tower, b. 1833, mar. 1857 the late Lt-Gen. Conyers 
T., C.B. (d. 1903). Res., Thornfield, Rugby. 
Hon. Fermina Maria Magdalena, now Hon. Mrs. 
Everard Stourton, b. 1835, mar. x86a the late Capt. 
Hon. Everard S., son of 19th Bn. Stourton, q.v. 
under " Mowbray, Segrave," &c. 

BELLEW(GRATTAN-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Christopher Grattan-Bellew, 3rd Bt. ( U.K. 1838) , 
Capt. and Hon. Maj . 5th Batt. Connaught Rangers 
(Mil.), late Lieut. 5th Drgn. Gds., a D.L. for 
Galway (High Sheriff 1884) : son of the late Thos. 
A. Grattan-Bellew and nephew of 2nd Bt. (Rev. Sir 
Christopher Bellew),\>. i860, sue. i867,mar. 1885 the 
following. Heir, his son Charles Christopher 
(b. 1887 ; 2nd heir, next son, William Arthur, b. 
1893). Seat, Mt. Bellew S.O., Co. Galway. 

BELLEW (GRATTAN-) , Lady Sophia Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of 7th E. of Granard (q.v.) and 
wife of the preceding. 

BELLINGHAM, Baronet. Sir (Alan) Henry 
Bellinffham, 4th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1796 ; a prev. creation 
lasted 1620-50), M. A., barrister-at-law, a D.L. for 
Co. Louth, a Commissr. of Nat. Educn. for Ireld. 
and Senator of Roy. Univ., Private Chamberlain 
to present and preceding Popes, formerly an M.P. 
and Capt. 6tn Batt. Roy. Ir. Rifles (Louth 
Militia) : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1846, sue. 1889, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, the following (1st wife was Lady 
Constance Noel, dau. of 2nd E. of Gainsborough). 
Heir, his son Edward Henry Charles Patrick 
(b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, next son, Roger Charles Noel, 
b. 1884). Seat, Bellingham Castle, Castlebelling- 
ham S.O., Co. Louth. 

%* The 1st Bt. was Secretary to Mr. Pitt and M.P. for 
Reigate ; hence we must account for the title being of 
Gt. Britain instead of Ireland. 

BELLINGHAM, Hon. Lady, dau. of 23rd Bnss. 
Grey de Ruthyn (q.v.) and wife of above Bt. 

BELMORE, Earl of. Somerset Richard 
Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl (Irel.), P.C. (Irel. 1867), 
G.C.M.G. (1890), M.A., M.R.I.A., a Repres. 
Peer of Ireland (el. 1857), Lieut, of Tyrone, 
formerly Under - Sec. for Home Dept., Gov. 
of N.S. "Wales 1867-72, repeatedly an Acting Ld. 
Justice of Ireld., and has been Maj. of Lond. 
Irish Rifle Vols. : son of 3rd E. ; b. April 9, 1835 ; 
sue. 1845 (C.) ; mar. 1861 Anne Elizabeth Honoria, 
dau. of the late Capt. Jno. N. Gladstone, R.N., 
M.P. Seat, Castle Coole, Enniskillen. 

Creations. Jrel. : Bn. Belmore, 1781 ; Vise. Belmore, 
1789 ; E. of Belmore, 1797 (the " of " is correct, omitted in 
some books). " Vise. Corry " is the courtesy-title of the 
eld. son.— Armar Lowry-Corry, M.P. for Co. Tyrone, was 
awarded the three titles in succession. His father, 
Galbraith Lowry, assumed the additional name Corry. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (Mh) E. : 
Lady Theresa L.-C, b. x86a. 

Lady Florence, now Lady F. Eden, b. 1864, mar. 1893 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Hy. E. Res., Bishopton Grange, 

The late Lady Madeline L.-C., b. 1865, d. 1898. 
Lady Mary L.-C, b. 1867. 

Vise. Corry, heir to Earldom: Armar L.-C, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, a D.L, and C.C. for Fermanagh, 
High Sheriff 1895, and for Tyrone 1901, formerly 
Capt. Roy.Innisk. Fus. (Mil.): b. 1870. Club, Carlton. 

Hon. Cecil L.-C, and heir, b. 1873. Club, Fer- 
managh (Enniskillen). 

Hon. Ernest L.-C, b. 1874. Res., Estancia Santa 
Teresat Gualeguay; Entre Rk»s, Argentina 5 dub, 

Lady Winifred L.-d 1876. 

LadV Edith L.-C, b. 1876. 

Lady Vidlet£.-C.,b. 1881^ 

Lady Margaret L.-C, b. 1883. 

Lady Dorothy L.-C, b. 1885. 

Lady Kathleen L.-C, b. 1887; 

Surviving issue of 3rd E. (bros. and sista. Of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1835.) 

Adm. Hon. Armar L.-C. (retired list), b. 1836, 

widower. Res., 15 Warwick Sq., S.W. 
Lady Louisa Ann, now Lady L. Magenis, b. 1837, mar. 

i860 the late Lt.-Col. Richd. Hy. M.(d. 1880). flea., 34 

Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
Lady Florence Elizabeth, now Lady F. King-King, 

b. 184a, mar. 1876 Wm. Edwd. K.-K, Esq. Ret., 

Graftonbury, Hereford. 
Col. Hon. Henry William L.-C, M.A., a Co. Aid. for 

W. Suffolk and Chmn. of Q.S., late comdg. Coldstrm. 

Gds., served in Suakin Expedn., ret. 1903, an M.P. 

1873-80: b. 1845, mar. 1876 Hon. Blanche Edith 

Wood, dau. of ist Vise. Halifax (Hon. Mrs. Henry 

L.-C). Res., Edwardstone Hall, Boxford, Suffk., 

nr. Colchester. 

BELPER, Baron. Henry Strutt, 2nd Bn. 
(U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1895), LL.M., Hon. Col. 
(formerly comdg.) Sth. Notts. Imper. Yeom., and 
an A.D.C. for Yeom. to H.M. , late Capt. Hon. Corps 
of Gentn. at Arms, is a D.L. for Notts, and Chmn. 
Notts. Q.S. and C.C, an M.P. 1868-74 and 1880 : 
son of 1st Bn. ; b. May 20, 1840 ; sue. 1880 (L. U.) ; 
mar. 1874 Lady Margaret Coke, dau. of 2nd E. of 
Leicester. Seat, Kingston Hall, Derby; town res., 
31 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Belper, U.K. 1856. — The Rt. Hon. 
Edwd. Strutt, Lord Lieut, of Notts., who had married a 
daughter of the Bp. of Chichester, was the ist Peer. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

The late Hon. William S., b. 1875, d. 1898. 
Hon. Norah &, b. 1876. 

Hon. Lilian, now Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcolmson, b, 

1877, mar. 1901 Vern. Austen M., Esq. Res., ax 

Draycott PI., S.W. 
Hon. Hilda, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. Allix, b. 1879. mar. 

1905 Charles P. A., Esq. 
The deceased Hon. Reginald Edward S., b. x88x, d. 


Hon. Algernon Henry S., heir to Barony, Lieut, 
and Life Gds. : b. 1883. (and heir, his xst cousin 
Edward Lisle S., b. 1874, son of late Hon. Arthur.) 

Hon. Margaret S., b. 1886. 

Hon. Muriel S., b. 1890. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro. and sista. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1840.) 

Hon. Frederick S., a C.C. for Derbysh., Mayor of 

Derby 1903, formerly Lieut. 8. Notts. Yeom. : b. 

1843. Res., Milford House, Derby. 
Hon. Sophia, now Hon. Lady Le Marchant, b. 1845, 

mar. 1869 (see " Le Marchant, Bt."). 
Hon. Caroline, now Hon. Lady LHgby, b. 1848, mar. 

1870 Sir Kenelm Edwd. D., K.C.B., q.v. 
Hon. Mary Emily, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Handfprd, 

b. 1853, mar. 1893, and husb., Henry H., Esq., 

M.D., T'.R.C.P. Res., Elmfield, Southwell, Notts. 
Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Murray Smith, b. i860, 

mar. 1885 Geo. Murray S., Esq. Res., Gumley Hall, 

Mkt. Harborough, Leio. 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur S. (Alice Mary Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late Ambrose L. M. Phillipps-de-Lisle, Esq.), 
mar. 1873, wid. 1877. Res., Milford House, Bourne- 

BELSHAW. Edward-, LS.O. (1903). Cn - Clk. to 
Bd. of Education,,S. Kensington ; b. 1844. Ees., 
Sunnyside, Lee, S.E. 

M 2 

148 BEM Directory of Peerage, 

BEMROSE, Knight. Sir Henry Howe Bern- 
rose, Kt. Bach. (1897), Chmn. of Bemrose and 
Sons, printers &c, Derby, and a Dir. of Parr's 
Derby Bank, Linotype, and other Cos., memb. 
of House of Laymen, all M.P. 189^1900 (C), 
Mayor of Derby 1877, and f ormerly " Capt. 1st 
Derbysh. Vols. : b. 1827, mar. 1855 Charlotte, 
dau. of Wm. Brindley, Esq. lies., Lonsdale Hill, 

BENARES, H. H. Maharaja Sir Prabhu 
Narayan Singh, Bahadur, of G.C.I.E. (1898; 
J K.C.I.E. 1890), has conferred great benefits 
! on Benares by gifts of money and land (titles 
personal only, though the ' India List ' adopts his 
usual style of Maharaja of Benares) : b. 1855. 
Bes.\ Fort Ramnagar, Benares ; Chakia,Mirzapur. 

BENBOW, Knight. Sir Henry Benbow,K:C.&. 
(Mil. 1902), D.S.O. (1891), served in Nile Expedn. 
1884-5, iate Ch. Insp. Machinery R.N., ret. 
1893 : b. 1838, mar. 1892 Elizabeth Jean, dau. of 
the late Hy. Bird, Esq. Bes., Dormans Pk., 
Surrey, nr. E. Grinstead. 

BENDIGO, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. John Douse 
Langley, D.D., 2nd Bp., late Archdn. of Cumber- 
land (Aust.), Rect. of St. Philip, Sydney, and 
Canon of Sydney Cathed. : b. 1836, cons. 1907. 
Bes., Forest Hill, Bendigo, Victoria. 

BENEDERALOCH &c, Baron (Scot. 1677)— 
see " Breadalbane, M. of." 

BENEDICT, Knight's Widow (remrrd. and 
known as Mrs. Frank Lawson : Mary Comber, 
dau. of the late Hy. Fortey, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1879, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Julius Benedict, mus. composer 
(d. 1885) ; 2ndly, 1886, Frank Lawson, Esq. Bes., 
104A Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

BENGOUGH, Maj .-Gen. Harcourt Mortimer, 

C. B. (Mil. 1886), late Middx. Regt. ; Crimea, 
Zululd., and Burma 1885-6; has comd. a 2nd 
class Dist. of Madras troops in Jamaica, and a 
Brigade at Aldershot ; ret. 1898: b. 1837. Bes., 
Winterdene, Brent Knoll, Highbridge S.O., 

BENJAMIN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Fanny, dau. of Abraham Cohen, Esq., of Syd- 
ney), mar. 1857 Sir Benjamin Benjamin, Kt. 
Bach., formerly M.L.C. of Victoria and Mayor 
of Melbourne (d. 1905). Bes., Canally, George 
St., East Melbourne. 

BENN, Knight. Sir John Williams Benn, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), M.P. for Devonport (£.), a 

D. L. for Co. London, and L.C.C. (Chmn. 1904), 
formerly head of Benn Bro3., publishers : b. 1850, 
mar. 1873 Lily, dau. of Jno. Pickstone, Esq. Bes., 
The Old Knoll, Blackheath, S.E. 

BENN, Maj. Robert Arthur Edward, CLE. 
(1904), LA., late Vice-Cons, for Seistan and Kain 
(Persia), late a Polit. Assist, in India : b. 1867. 

BENNET, family name of Tankerville 
Earldom, q.v. for Lady Corisande and Hon. 
George. Lord Bennet, occasional courtesy-title of 
eld. son. 

BENNETT, Knight. Sir William Henry 
Bennett, K.C.V.O. (1901), F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., and 
Fell, of Roy. Med. and Chirurg. Socs., has been 
Exam, in Surg, at Camb. Univ. and Roy. Coll. of 
Surg., is a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., Consg. 
Surg, to St. George's Hospital, H.M.'s Insp. of 
Anatomy for the Metropolis, and an author of 
numerous med. works : b. 1852, mar. 1882 Isabel 
Lloyd, dau. of Thos. Dickinson, Esq. Bes., 1 
Chesterfield St., Mayfair, W. 

BENNETT, Lt.-Col. Alfred Charles, D.S.O. 
(1902), late W Yorks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 


1900-2. Bes., The Cleevelands, Bp.'s Cleeve, 

BENNETT, Mkj. Alfred Joshua, D:S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Inf. ; Soudan 1885, S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1865. Bes., Brueedale Pk., Wagga 
Wagga, N.S.W. 

BENNETT, Maj, Charles Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1903-1), Wore. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 

■ BENNETT, Courtenay Walter, CLE. (1903), 
F.R.C.I., British Cons. -Gen. at New York, prev. 
San Francisco, and has been Cons, at Bilbao, 
Panama, Guatemala, Rio Grande do Sul, and 
Reunion: b. 1855. Bes., Brit. Consulate-Gen., 
New York. " 

BENNETT, George Wheatley, I.S.O. (1903), 
late Acct. and Controller-Gen. Customs Dept. (ret. 
1906) : b. 1845. 

BENNETT, Engr. - Capt. James Martin 
Cameron, M.V.O. (,4th Class, 1903), R.N., Perak 

BENNETT, Thomas Jewell, CLE. (1903), 
chief proprietor of the Times of India. Bes., 
Harwarton House, Speldhurst, Tunb. Wells. 

BENNETT,' Col. William, D.S.O. (1886), 
late Yorks. Regt. ; Hazara 1868 and Nile Expedns. 
1884-6. ret. 1890 : b. 1835. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Holt and Co., 3 Whitehall PI., S.W. 

BENSON, Knight. Hon. Sir Ralph Sillery 
Benson, Kt. Bach. (1906), M.A., LL.B., Puisne 
Judge of High Ct. of Madras, and Vice-Chanc. 
of Madras Univ., formerly Acting Commissr. of 
Nilgiris, Rev. and Forest Settmt. Offr., and 
Under Sec. to Govt.: b. 1851, mar. 1876 Fanny 
Catharine Alice, dau. of Rev. W. W. Gilbert- 
Cooper. Bes., Doveton House, Madras. 

BENSON, Arthur Christopher, C.V.O. (1907). 

BENSON, Capt. Charles Bingley, D.S.O. 
(1902), Roy. Warwicksh. Regt. ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1876. Address, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., Charing 
Cross, S.W. 

BENSON, Maj .-Gen. Frederick William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), late 17th Lancers; Fenian Raid in 
Canada, S. Africa 1899-1900, now in charge of 
Administr., Southn. Comd. : b. 1849. Club, 
Army and Navy. 

BENSON, Maj. Henry Wightman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Surrey Regt. retd. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1855. 

BENTINCK, Count. The Most Illustr. William 
Charles Philip Otho Bentinck, 7th Ct. (Graf— 
Holy Bom. Emp., i.e., Austro-Germany, 1732), 
also Ct. of Waldeck - Limpurg and Ct. of 
Aldenburg, Hered. Memb. of Upper H. of Parlt. 
Wurtemberg, formerly in Engl. Diplom. Serv. : 
bro. of 6th Ct., b. 1848, sue. 1874 as Ct. von B. 
and Aldenburg, and became Ct. of Waldeck-L. 
by contract with his mother in 1888 ; mar. 1877 
Freiherrin Marie Cornelia von Heeckeren-Was- 
senaer (Ctss. or Griifin B.). Bes., Gaildorf, 
Wurtemberg; Weldam, Goor, Overyssel, Hol- 
land ; Middachten, Arnhem, Gelderland, do. ; 
13 Voorhout, The Hague. 

*** This house has been reckoned among the Gelderland 
nobility from 1377. All descendants of the 5th Count are 
authorised to prefix "Count" or "Countess" to their 
Christian names for use in this country, but the 
daughters lose the title upon marriage. We have thus 
the following list : 

Counts and Countesses. 
Issue of present {7th) Ct. : 

Ctss. Mechtild Corisande Renira Mary, now Ctss. 

Castell, b. 1877; mar. 1905 Casimir, Hered. Ct. C. 
Ct. William Frederick Charles Henry B., heir to 
title, Lieut, in Prussian Gardes du Corps, b. 1880. 

BEN Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. BER 149 

Ct. Fredk. Geo. Unico Wm. B., and heir, b. 1888. 
Ctss. Isabella Autoinette Mary Clementina B., 
b. i88q. 

Issue of 5th Ct. (bros. and sist. of present) : 

(Present Count Bentinek, b. 1848. ) 

Ct. Chas. Reginald Adelbert B., Capt. in Prussian 

A raiy, b. 1853, mar., but mrrge. dissolved : issue— 

Ctss. Mary Amelia Mechtild Agnes, b. 1879. Res., 

Zuylestein, Utrecht, Holland. 
Ct. Godard John Geo. Chas. B., b. 1857, mar. 1884 

Ctss. Augustine W. Louise A. de Bylandt : issue— 

Ct. Chas. Arthur Renaud Wm. Godard Aug. B., 

b. 1885; Ct. Godard Adrian Hy. Jules, b. 1887; 

Ctss. Eliz. Mechtild Marie Sophie Louise, b. 1892 ; 

Ct. Jno. Victor Richd. Rodolphe, b. 1895; Ct. 

William Henry Ferdinand Godard, b. 1900. Res., 

Amerongen Castle, Prov. Utrecht. 
Ctss. Victoria Mary Frederica Mechtild B., b. 1863. 

Res., with Ct. Charles. 

— Dau.-in-law: 

Ctss. Aldenburg B. (Henrietta Eliza Cathcart, dau. 
of the late llobt. M'Kerrell, Esq.), mar. 1874 the 
late Ct. Hy. C. A. F. W. Aldenburg B. (prev. eth 
Ct. Bentinek, but on mrrge. resigned title to his 
bro. ; b. 1846, d. 1903); issue— Ct. Robt. Chas., 
b. 1875 ; Renira Christine (late Ctss.), b. 1877, mar. 
1898 Bn. Alex, de Heeckeren de Kell ; Ct. Chas, 
Henry, Attache in Brit. Emb. Berlin, b. 1879 ; Ct. 
Henry Duncan, Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., b. 1881 ; 
Ctss. Ursula Victoria Henrietta, b. 1884 : Ct. Arthur 
Wm. Douglas, and Ctss. Naomi Mechtild Henrietta, 
b. 1887 (twins). Res., S3 Green St., Park Ln., W. 

BENTINCK, Maj. Walter Guv, D.S.O. (1902), 
Rifle Brigade retd. ; S. Africa 1899-1902, now a 
Magist. there: b. 1864. lies., The Residency, 
Wakkerstroom, Transvaal ; Laracbmore, Stra- 
cban, Banchory S.O., Kincards. 

only, family name of Portland Dukedom, q.v. 
for " Lords " and " Ladies," see also index under 
" Cavendish." 

BENTON, John, CLE. (1902), Insp.-Gen. of 
Irrign. to Punjab Pub. Works Dept., late Supt. 
Engr. at Mandalay: b. 1850. Res., Lahore. 

BENTJARRAT, Baron of. Giuseppe Attard- 
Montalto, 7th Bn. {Malta 1737), Treas. of Cmttee. 
of Privileges, Malta, and memb. of Soc. of St. 
Vincent de Paul : b. 1870, sue. 1892 (related col- 
laterally to predecessor). Heir pres., his bro. 
Paolino, dei Baroni Attard-Montalto (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Angiolino, dei Baroni A.-M., b. 
1898). Res., Marsa Scala Bay, Malta; 11 Strada 
Britannica, Valetta. 

BENUARRAT, Baron's Widow. Bnss. B. 
(Angiolina, dau. of Antonio Manduca, dei Conti 
di Mont' Alto), mar. 1869 6th Bn. of Benuarrat 
(d. 1892). Res., with present Bn:, also at Zeitun, 

BERESFORD, family name of Waterford 
Marquessate, which see for all- issue styled 
"Lord" or "Lady," but the Decies Barony 
(Horsley-Beresford), and below, for " Hons." 

BERESFORD, Baron (Irel. 1720)— see " Water- 
ford, M. of.". 

BERESFORD, Knight and Peer's Son. Adm. 
Lord Charles William de la Poer Beresford, 
G.C.V.O. (1906), K.C.B. (Mil. 1903), D.C.L., re r 
peatedlyan M.P. (C), and was Nav. A.D.C. to 
late Queen and Jun. Lord of Admiralty, served 
at Alexandria (where he was app3. Gov.) and in 
Nile Expedn., accompd. H.R.H. Prince of Wales 
(now H.M. the King) to India 1875-6, now Com. 
of Channel Fleet : son of 4th M. of Waterford 
and uncle of present Peer ; b. 1846, mar. 1878 ' 
Mina, dau. of the late Richd. Gardner, Esq., I 

M.P. (Lady Charles B.). Res., Coombe Cottage, 
Kingston Hill, Surrey. 

BERESFORD, Hon. Mrs. John (George), dau. 
of 1st Bn. Denman. 

BERESFORD, John Stuart, CLE. (1900), 
M.I.C.E., late Sec. to Govt, of India and Insp. 
of Irrign., in I.C.S. 1867-1900: b. 1845. Club, 
E. Ind. U. Seiv. 

BERESFORD, Marcus Henry de la Poer, 
I.S.O (1904), Sec. to Administration, Nthn. 
Nigeria: b. 1857 (descendt. of 1st E. of Tyrone). 
Res.; Zungeru, N. Nigeria. 

BERESFORD (HORSLEY-), family name of 
Decies Barony (see " Beresford " above). 

BERESFORD (MASSY-), Hon. Mrs. John, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Dunleath. 

BERGAVENNY, Baron (Eng. 1392, con- 
firmed 1450)— see " Abergavenny, M. of." 

BERGNE, Knight. Sir (John) Henry Gibbs 
Bergne,, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), K.C.M.G. (1888), has 
been chief of two Depts. in For. Off. and taken 
part in various Conferences, &c, having been 
located at Halifax (N.S.), Berne, Rome, Madrid, 
Brussels, Washington, and Paris, ret. 1902 : b. 
1842, mar. 1878 a relative, Maiy a' Court, dau. of 
the late Rev. S. B. Bergne. Res., 13 Pembroke 

BERKELEY {pron. Barkly), family name of 
Berkeley Earldom and of Fitzhardinge Barony 
(no issue of the name to either ; see below) . 

BERKELEY, Baroness. Eva Mary Fitz- 
hardinge Foley, Bnss. 16th in line (21st of orig. 
creation ; Eng.) : dau. of prev. Bnss. and of Maj.- 
Gen. Gustavus H. L. Milman, R.A. ; b. March 4, 
1875 ; sue. 1899 ; mar. 1903 Maj. Frank Wigram 
Foley, D.S.O., q.v. 

Creation. Bn. Berkeley, Eng. 1421 (orig. 1295).— The 
6th feudal Lord of Berkeley had accompanied Edward I. 
in his Welsh wars, and was the 1st Bn. B. by writ under 
the summons of 1295. His successors each received 
the same summons till the death of the 5th Bn. in 
1417. This nobleman left an only child, a daughter, 
Elizabeth, to whom by right the title should have 
descended. The writ, however, was issued in 1421 to Jas. 
de Berkeley, nephew of the late Peer, and this Sir H. 
Nicolas regards as a new creation and " the beginning of 
the present Barony of Berkeley." As to the title dejure, 
it passed from the above Elizabeth to her three daughters, 
involving an abeyance which has never been terminated. 
The sth Bn. was knighted on Flodden Field by the 
Earl of Surrey. The 9th Bn. was created an Earl, but 
the succession to that title was not open to females 
as in the case of the Barony, so that on the death of 
the 6th Earl without issue in 1882, the two Peerages 
became separated as at present. The Bnss. 15th in line 
(nee Berkeley) changed the family name by her marriage 
with Maj. -Gen. Gustavus Milman, and her daughter the 
present Peeress has again (1903) introduced a change by 
her union wits Capt. Foley. 

i, Issue. 
Dau. of present Bnss. : 

Hon. Mary Lalle Foley, heiress pres. to Bny., b. 1905. 
(Co-heirs ranking 2nd, numerous descendants of 
the 2nd and 3rd daus. of 5th Earl.) 

BERKELEY, Earl op. Randal Mowbray 
Thomas Berkeley, 8th Earl (Eng.), formerly Lieut. 
R.N. : son of 7th E. ; b. Jan. 31, 1865; sue. 
1888, claim estabd. 1891 (L. U.); mar. 1887 the late 
Kate (d. 1898), widow of Afth. Jackson, Esq., 
and dau. of Wm. Brand, Esq. Heir, none. 
Res., Foxcombe, Boars Hill, Berks., nr. Oxford. 

Creations. E, of Berkeley and Vise. Dursley, Eng. 
1679.— The 7th Earl, who succeeded dejure on the death 
in 1882 of the 6th Earl and 14th Bn. (see preceding art.), 
never took steps to establish his claim, which task had 
therefore to bo undertaken, after his death in r88Q, by 
his successor, the present Earl. 

150 BER Directory 

of Peerage, 


BERKELEY, Earl's Widow. (Dowager) 
Countess of B. (Cecile, dau. of the late Edward 
Drummond, Esq., in France VieomtedeMelfort), 
mar. i860 (after divorce from 1st husb.) 7th E. of 
Berkeley (d. 1888). 

BERKELEY, Knight. Sir Henry Spencer 
Berkeley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Ch. Justice of Fiji, 
and Attorn.-Gen.of Hong Kong, prev. Solic.-Gren. 
&c. of Leeward Is. and has been Acting Gov. of 
Fiji and High Commissr. for W. Pacific : b. 1851, 
mar. 1878 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Fredk. 
S. Cassin, Esq., of Antigua. Bes., The Park, 
Hong Kong. 

BERKELEY, Capt. Christopher Robert, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Welsh Regt. ; S. Africa 1900: b. 
1877 (descended from 6th Bn. Berkeley). 

BERKELEY, Ernest James Lennox, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), Cons.-Gen. at Tunis, late Commissr. 
and Cons.-Gen. for "Uganda Protect., admind. 
Brit. E. Afr. Co.'s Territs. 1891-2 ; formerly in 
Army: b. 1857. Res., Brit. Cons.-Gen., Tunis. 

BERKELEY, Essex Digby, I.S.O. (1902), Clk. 
of Accts. in Scott. Pay Dept. : b. 1843. Ses., Le 
Hocq, Victoria Rd., Upp. Norwood, S.E. 

BERKELEY, Maj.-Gen. James Cavan, CLE. 
(1888), LA. Supermini. List; formerly Res. in 
Kashmir, Nepal, &c. : b. 1839. Bes., Rahere, 
The Avenue, Branksome Pk., Bournemouth. 

BERKELEY, Lady (Mary) Catherine, dau. 
of 3rd E. of Kenmare. 

BERKSHIRE— see " Suffolk and Berks." 

BERNAL, Frederic, C.M.G. (1891), formerly 
Cons, at Madrid, Carthagena (Colombia, S.A.), 
and Baltimore, and Cons.-Gen. at Havre : b. 1828. 
Bes., 94 Cheriton Rd., Folkestone. 

BERNAL, Capt. Greville Hugh Woodley, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), lateDerb. Regt. (Mil.) ; S. Africa 

BERNARD, family name of Bandon Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies." 

BERNARD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Susan Capel, dau. of Rev. R. Tawney), mar. 
1862 Sir Chas. Edwd. Bernard, K.C.S.I., formerly 
Sec. to Ind. Govt, in three Depts. (d. 1901). 
Bes., Camberley, Surrey. 

BERNARD, Viscount (Irel. 1800), a title of the 
Bandon Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

BERNARD, Col. Edgar Edwin, C.M.G. (1906), 
A.S.C., Financ. Adviser to Soudan Govt. ; Ashanti 
1895-6, Nile 1898 : b. 1866. Bes., Khartoum. 

BERN AYS, Lewis Adolphus, C.M.G. (1892), 
F.L.S., Clerk to Legisl. Assemb. Queensland, 
belongs to numerous scient. socs. : b. 1831. Ad- 
dress, Houses of Parliamt., Brisbane. 

BERNERS, Baroness. Emma Harriet 
Tyrwhitt (pron. Tirrit), Bnss. 7th in line {Eng.) : 
dau. of the late Rev. the Hon. Robt. Wilson, bro. 
of 6th Bn. ; b. Nov. 18, 1835 ; sue. 1871 ; mar. 
1853 tbe sir H y- Thos - Tyrwhitt, 3rd Bt. 
(d. 1894). Seat, Ashwellthorpe, Norwich. 

Creation. Bn. Berners, Eng. 1455 (abeyant 1533-1720, 
and 1743-1832).— The ist Baron was Sir Jno. Bourchier, 
K.G., 4th son of Wm. Comte d'Eu in Normandy. Owing 
to female descent, the Burname changed to Knyvet ana 
then to Wilson. 


The late Hon. Harry Tyrwhitt Wilson, b. 1854, d. 

Hon. Sir Raymond Robert Tyrwhitt- Wilton, heir 
to Barony, 4th Bt (q.v. under "Wilson"), b. 1855. 

The late Coinmod. Hon. Hugh T., C.V.O., O.S.I.,: 
b. 1856, d. 1907, having mar- 1K2 Julia Mary, dau. 

of Wm. O. Foster, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Hugh T.). 

Bes., 28 Egerton Gdns., Brompton Rd., S.W. 
Hon. Clement T., b. 1857, mar. 1884 Annette, dau. 

of W. Webb, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Clement T.). 
Hon. Rupert T., Maj. R.A., retd., b. 1859, mar. xooo 

Louise Isabel Frances, dau. of Walter F. W. Wells, 

Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rupert T.). 
Hon. Ardyn Mary, now The Lady Knollys, b. i860, 

mar. 1887 Sir Eras. K., K.C.M.G., now ist Bn. K., 


Hon. Philip Bourchier T., late Sub-Lieut. R.N., b. 

Rev. the Hon. Leonard Francis 7., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), M.A., Rect. of Rolleston and a Chapl. 
in Ord. to H.M., b. 1863. lies., Rolleston, Burton- 

The late Hon. Thomas Knyvet T., b. 1864, d. 1886. 
Hon. Sibyl Grace, now Hon. Mrs. Jame? Wheeler, 

b. 1866, mar. 1895 Jas. Volant W., Esq. Res., 

Bitterley Ct., Ludlow, Salop. 
Hon. Hester Efa T., b. 1869. 
Hon. John T., b. 1876. 

BERNEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Reedham j 
Berney, 10th Bt. (Eng. 1620), grandson of 9th Bt. 
and son of his deceased eld. son ; b. 1893, sue. \ 
1906. Heir pres., his bro. Richard Geoffrey 
Gordon (b. 1897 ; 2nd heir, their uncle Richard 
William, b. 1867). Bes., Burncrook, Moffat, 

BERNEY, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Jane 
Dorothy, dau. of the late Rev. Andrew Bloxam) , 
mar. 1866 Sir Henry H. Berney, 9th Bt. (d. 1906). 
Res., with her grandson, present Bt. 

BERRANGE (Berrange), Maj. Christian 
Anthony Lawson, C.M.G. (1902), S. Africa in 
Cape Police 1902, now a Maj. and Insp. in that 
Force. Bes., Kimberley. 

BERRIED ALE, Baron (Scot. 1543, orig. 1455), 
a title of the Caithness Earldom, borne (as 
" Lord ") by the heir when a son. 

BERRY, Knight. Hon. Sir William Bisset 
Berry, Kt. Bach. (1900), M.A., M.D., Speaker of 
H. of Assembly, Cape Colony : b. 1839, widower. 
Bes., Queenstown, Cape Col. ; offic. res., Speaker's 
Chambs., Cape Town. 

BERRY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Madge, 
dau. of Jno. B. Evans, Esq.), mar. 1869, as 2nd 
wife, Hon. Sir Graham Berry, K.C.M.G., Premier 
of Victoria (d. 1904). Bes., Melbourne. 

BERRY, Henry FitzPatrick, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., M.R.I.A., F.S.A. (Ireld.), Assist. Keeper 
Irish Record Office : b. 1847. Bes., 51 Waterloo 
Rd., Dublin. 

BERTIE (pron. Barty), family name of the 
two Earldoms, Abingdon and Lindsey. See the 
former for all issue of the name except Lady 
Muriel. Towneley-Bertie is the surname of Lord 
Norreys and his issue (see under " Abingdon "). 

BERTIE, Lord, courtesy-title of the heir of E. 
of Lindsey when a son (not a title of the Earldom, 
but the f am. name utilised in default of a 2nd title) . 

BERTIE, Priv. Counc, Knight, and Peer's 
Son. Rt. Hon. (and Hon.) Sir Francis Leveson 
Bertie, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1903), G.C.M.G. (1904), 
G.C.V.O. (1903), K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), Ambass. at 
Paris (from Jan. 1905), prev. at Rome, late Assist. ' 
Under Sec. for For. Affairs, has served on two 
important Missions, including that of Lords 
Beaconsfield and Salisbury to Berlin : son of 6th 
E. of Abingdon and bro. of present P^er ; b. 1844, 
mar. 1874 Lady Feodorowna Cecilia Wellesley, 
dau. of 1st Earl Cowley. Bes., Brit. Embassy, 

BERTRAM, Knight. Sir George Clement Ber- 
tram, Kt. Bach. (1885), M.A., late Bailiff of Jersey 
(1884-98), prev. Attorn.-Gen. &c. : b. 1841 , mar. I 
1866 Anna Maria, dau. of Gen. Edwd. J. Lawder, 
M.S.C. Bes., Grove Cottage, Rye, Sussex. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 


BERTRAM, Loui8 John, C.M.G. (1904), 
Auditor-Gen. of Jamaica and an M.L.C., prev. 
in Gold Coast and Windward Is. Bes. , Kingston. 

BERWICK, Baron. Thomas Henry Noel- 
Sill, 8th Bn. (Gt. Br.), B.A., Lieut. Shropsh. 
Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Attache" to Brit. Emb. at 
Paris : nephew of 7th Bn. and son of the late 
Bev. the Hon. Thos. Noel Noel-Hill ; b. June 2, 
1877 ; sue. 1897 (G.) ; unmrrd. Seat, Attingham 
Hall, Shrewsbury. 

Creation. Bn. Berwick, Gt. Br. 1784.— Noel Hill, tlie 
1st Bn., had represented Shropshire in three Parlia- 
ments. The name Noel was first adopted as a surname 
by the 4th Peer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Sist. 0/ present (8th) Bn. (granted rank of a Bn.'s 
dau, 1901) : 
Hon. Mary Selina N.-H., b. 1875. 
(Present Baron, b. 1877.) 
Heir pres. to Barony (a 1st cous. once rem., grand- 
son of 4th Bn.) : 
Rev. Charles N.-H., M.A, b. 1848, mar. 1891 
Edith Mary, dau. of the late Rev. Riou G. Benson. 
Bes., Stockton Rectory, Shifnal, Salop, (and heir, 
his son Charles Michael Wentworth, b. 1897.) 

BERWICK, Baron's Widow. The Lady B. 
(Ellen, dau. of Herr Bruckspatron Nystrom, of 
Sweden), mar. 1869 7th Bn. Berwick (d. 1897). 
Bes., 2 Cadogan Ct. Gdns., S.W. 

BESSBOROUGH, Earl of. Edward 
William Brabazon Ponsonhy (pron. Pun'sonby), 
8th Earl (Irel.), sits as Bn. Ponsonby (Gt. Br.); 
C.V.O. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1895), a D.L. and late 
C.C. for Kilkenny, Lieut. R.N. retired, barrister- 
at-law, was Sec. to Speaker (Peel) of H. of 
Commons, High Sheriff of Carlow 1898 : son of 
7th E. ; b. March 1, 1851 ; sue. 1906 (L. U.) ; mar. 
1875 Blanche Vere Guest, dau. of the late Sir J. 
J. Guest, Bt., and sist. of 1st Bn. Wimborne. 
Seats, Bessborough, Piltown S.O., Co. Kilkenny; 
Garryhill, Bagenalstown, Co. Carlow ; town res., 
17 Cavendish Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Bessborough, 17a! ; Vise. Dun- 
cannon, 1733; E. of Bessborough, 1739. Gt. Br.: Bn. 
Ponsonby (of Sysonby), 1749. U.K. : Bn. Duncannon, 
-This Peerage commenced with Wm. Ponsonby, 
for Co. Kilkenny and a PC, who received the 
:ty., his son becoming an Earl and 
an Imperial Bn. The U. K. Barony was added to the 4th 

1834.— This Peerage commenced with Wm. Ponsonby, 
M.P. for Co. Kilkenny and a P.C., who received '" 
Barony and Viscty., his son becoming an Earl 
aperial Bn. The U. K. Barony was added to the 41 
Earl, who was afterwards Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E.: 

Lady Olwen Verena, now The Lady Orannvore and 

Browne, b. 1876, mar. xgox 3rd Bn. O. & B.. q.v. 
Lady Helena Blanche Irene, now Lady Irene Con- 
gr eve, b. 1878, mar. 1904 John C, Esq. Res., Mount 
Congreve, Waterford, 
Vise. Duncannon, heir to Earldom : Vere Brabazon 
P..B.A., L.C.C., barrister-at-law, and Lieut. Bucks. 
Imper. Yeom. : b. 1880. Res., Bessborough and 
Cavendish Sq., with Peer, 

Hon. Cyril Myles Brabazon P., and heir, M.V.O. 
(Sth Class, 1901), Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in S. 
Africa 1900a, late A.D.C. to Gov. of Ceylon: 
b. x88x. 

Hon. Bertie Brabazon P., b. 1885. 
Lady Gweneth Frida P., b. x888. 

Issue of ith E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 
Lady Maria P. (" May "),b. 185a. 
Hon. Cyril Walter P., Lieut, of City of London : b 
853, roar. 1893 EmilyJH. E^re, dau. of the late 

Rev. H. Addington (Hon 
SS Wilbury Rd u Hove, Brighton. 

Cyril P.). Res.. 

Hon. Granville P., Chief of Police, Si, Lucia, W. I.: 
b. X854, mar. 1879 Mabel, dau. «f the late Hon. 

Chas. Jackson, of Jamaica (Hon. Mrs. Granville 

P.). Res., Choc, Castries. St. Lucia. 
Hon. Arthur Cornwallis P., b. 1856. 
Lady Ethel Jemima, now The Lady Raglan, b. 1857, 

mar. 1883 3rd Bn. R., q.v. 
Hon. Walter Gerald P., barrister-at-law, b. X8S9. 
Lady Sara Kathleen, now Lady Kathleen Skinner, 

b. x86i, mar. 1883 Chas. L. AndreweB S., Esq. 

Res., 57 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

Surviving issue of 4th E. (uncles of present) : 

(The late sth Earl, b. 1809, d. childlesB 1880.) 

(The late 6th Earl, b. 1815, d. unmrrd. 189s.) 

(The late 7th Earl, b. x8ai, d. xoo6.) 

Rt. Hon. Sir Spencer Cecil Brabazon Ponsonby-Fane, 
G.C.B., b. 1824, see art. under "Fane." 

Hon. Gerald Henry Brabazon P., formerly Priv. Sec. 
to E. of Clarendon and Vise. Palmerston, attached 
to Earl Granville's Mission to Russia 1856 : b. x8a?L 
mar. 1858 Lady Maria Emma Catherine Coventry, 
sist. of 9th E. of Coventry (raised to rank of an 
Earl's dau.). Res., 3 Stratford PL, Oxford St., W. 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Maria E. Cath. P., see preceding. 

BESSBOROUGH, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of B., nee Lady Louisa Susan Corn- 
wallis Eliot, dau. of 3rd E. of St. Germans, mar. 
1850 7th E. of Bessborough (d. 1906). Bes., 38 
Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

BEST, family name of Wynford Barony, q.v. 
for "Hons." 

BETHELL, family name of Westbuby Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons." 

BETHELL, Knight. Sir John Henry Bethetl, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), M.P. for Romford Div. (LX 
twice Mayor of East Ham : b. 1861. Bes., Park 
House, Wanstead, N.E. 

BETHELL, Col. Edward Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., retd. (1906) ; Afghn. 1878-80, S. 
Africa 1899-1902 as A.A.G., late Ch. Engr. 
Southern Coma. : b. 1854. 

BETHUNE (pron. Beetun), family name of 
Lindsay Earldom, q.v. for Hon. Archibald. 

BETHUNE, Col. Edward Cecil, C.B. 
(Mil. 1905), late 16th Lancers; Afghn. 1878-80, 
Transvaal 1881, and S. Africa, was D.A.A.G. 
Bombay 1898, now on Gen. Staff Southern Comd. 
as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 1855, B-es. f Tidworth 
House, Andover, Hants. 

BEVAN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Louise, 
dau. of the late Niven Kerr, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir 
Alf d. H. Bevan, late Sheriff of Lond. and Middx. 
(d. 1900). Pes., 39 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. David, dau. of 1st Vise. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edmund, dau. of 5th Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Edwyn, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Mole3worth. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. (Jameb), dau. of 3rd Vise. 

BEVAN, Lady Mary Wilfred a (Johnstone), 
dau. of 9th Earl Waldegrave. 

BEVAN, Hon. Mrs. Yorke, dau. of 10th Bn. 

BEVERIDGE, Maj. Wilfred William 
Ogilvy, D.S.O. (1902), R.A.M.C. ; S. Africa 1902 : 
b. 1864. Bes., 10 Wilbraham PL, Chelsea, S.W. 

BEVERLEY, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Rorert 
Jarratt Crosthivaite, D.D., Bp. Suff. in York 
Dioc, Archdn. of York, and Rect. of Bolton 
Percy, formerly Vic. of St. Lawrence's, York : 
b. 1837, cons. 1889, mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Bes., The 
Rectory, Bolton Percy S.Q., Yorks. 

BEVERLEY, Earl of (Gt. Br. 1790)— s®e 
" Northumberland, D. of." 

' Directory of Peerage, * BIG- 

152 BEV 

BEVILLE, Gen. George Francis, C.B. (Mil. 
1893), . I. A. Supermini. List; Mutiny 1857-9, 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1880-1, comd. a 2nd 
class Dist. of Bombay 1889-94 : l8 37- Ees., 
41 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BEWLEY, Knight. Sir Edmund Thomas Eew- 
ley, Kt. Bach. (1898), M.A., LL.D., late Judge of 
Supr. Ct. of Ireld. and Judic. Commissr. Ir. Land 
Commssn., appd. Q,.C. 1882, fonnerly Reg. Prof, 
of Feudal and Eng. Law in Dubl. Univ., author 
of various leg. and other works : b. 1837, mar. 1866 
Anna Sophia Stewart, dau. ofHy. C. Colles, Esq. 
Bes., 40 Fitzwilliam PL, Dublin. 

BEYNON, Lt.-Col. William George Law- 
rence, D.S.O. (1895), LA., Hazara 1888, Chitral 
Belief, and Tirah, Somalild. 1901, Thibet 1904, 
now Assist. Mil. Sec. and Interp. to Com.-in-Ch., 
India : b. 1866. Address, c/o Messrs. H. S. King 
and Co., 9 Pall Mall, S.W. 

BHAGVAT SINGH Jl-see " Gondal." 

Sir, K.C.I.E. (1906), of Balrampur, holds hered. 
title of Maharaja. Bes., Gonda (distinct from 
Gondal), Oudh. 

BHANUWONGSE (H. E.), Chao Phya, Maha 
Kosa, Tiboditi Bhrakla?ig, K.CM.Q. (Hon. 1880), 
of Siam. 

*#* The explanation of this series of titles has heen 
courteously supplied us from the Siamese Legation : 
Chao Phya is the highest title in the nohility, taken as 
equal to Duke (Phya alone equals Marquess), while 
Maha Kosa corresponds to His Grace or His Lordship, 
so that " Chao Phya Bhanuwongse, Maha Kosa " may be 
rendered "His Nobility the Duke Bhanuwongse" (the 
English prefix of H.E. being rendered superfluous). 
The additional words Tibodi ti Phrakluny imply 
" Administrator of Finances." 

BHASHYAM IYENGAR — see " Aiyangar . ' ' 

BHATAWADEKAR, Sir Bhalchandra 
Krishna, Kt. Bach, (igoo), Pres. of Bombay 
Munic. Corp., and of Ind. Temp. Assoc., Syndic 
and Dean in Fac. of Medicine, formerly M.L.C. 
of Bombay: b. 1852. Bes., Bombay. 

BHAUNAGAR— see following. 

Thakur Saheb Sir, K.C.S.I. (1904), of Bhaunagar, 
a Ruling Prince of India and Chief of a tribe of 
Gohil Rajputs : b. 1875, mar. 1905, 2nd wife, Prss. 
Nand Kunvarba. Bes., The Nilambag Palace, 
Bhaunagar, Bombay. 

BHOPAL, Begum of. H.H. the Nawab Sultan 
Jahan, G.C.I.E. (1904), a Ruling Princess : mar. 
1874 Ahmad Ali Khan, of Afghanistan. Bes., 
Bhopal, Centr. India. 

*** Like her predecessor who died in 1901 and was a 
G.C.S.I., she is the only lady in the British Dominions 
who bears a title of Knighthood. 

BHOWNAGGREE, Knight. Sir Mancherjee 
Merwanjee Bhownaggree, K.C.I.E. (1897), late 
an M.P. (C), barrister-at-law (Line. Inn), Fell. 
Bomb. Univ., late Judic. Coune. -and head of 
State Agency, Bhaunagar, is a memb. of League 
of Mercy : b. 1851, mar. 1872. Bes., 196 Cromwell 
Rd., S.W. 

BHURE SINGH— see "Chamba." 

BHUTAN— see " Offen Wang Chuk." 

BIANCARDI (GRECH-), Lt.-Col. Nicola, 
C.V.O. (1007), Roy. Malta Militia, and Colonial 
A.D.C. to the Governor. Bes., 15 Strada Cristo- 
foro, Valetta. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Lavinia Louisa, dau. 
of 6th E. of Abingdon. 

BICKERSTETH, Lady Margaret, dau. of 4th 
E. of Ashburnham. 

BICKFORD, Vice-Adm. Andrew Kennedy, 
C.M.G. (1885), Japan 1863, on Irish Coast and 
in operations in Egypt and Sumatra, late Capt. 

Supt. of Sheerness Dckyd., Naval A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria , and Com .-in-Ch . on Pacific station : 
b. 1844. Bes., The Grange, Uckfield, Sussex. 

BIDDULPH, family name of follg. Barony. 

BIDDULPH, Baron. Michael Biddulph 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Herefordsh., an M.P. 1865- 
1900, a partner in the bank of Cocks, Biddulph, 
and Co. : son of the late Robt. Biddulph, Esq., 
M.P.; b. Feb. 17, 1834; cr. Baron 1903 (L.U.); 
mar., 1st, 1864, Adelaide Georgiana (d. 1872), dau, 
of the late Gen. the Rt. Hon. JonathanPeel, M.P. ; 
2ndly, 1877, Lady Elizabeth Philippa (nee Yorke), 
V.A., dau of 4th E. of Hard wicke and widow of 
Hy. J. Adeane, Esq., M.P. Seats, Ledbury, 
Heref s. ; Kemble House, Cirencester ; town res., 
19 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Biddulph, 1903. 



The deceased Adela Margaret Mary B., b. i86«, d. 1876. 
Hon. Edith Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Charles Bell, b. 1867, 

mar. 1891 Chas. Wentworth B., Esq. Res., Bronsil, 

Eastnor, Ledbury, Herefs. 
Hon. Violet Maud B., b. 1868. 

Hon. Jobn Michael Gordon B., heir to Barony, a 
Dir. of Equit. Life Assur. Soc. : b. 1869, mar. 1896 
Marjorie Caroline Susan, dau. of the late Col. Wm. 
Mure, of Caldwell, N.B., and maternal granddau. 
of 1st Bn. Leconfleld. Res., 6 Eaton PL, S.W. 
(and heir his son Michael William, b. 1898.) 
Hon. Claud William B., a D.L. for Herefordsh., 
b. 1871, mar. jgo5 Margaret, dau. of Alfred .T. 
Howard, Esq., of Isleworth (Hon. Mrs. Claud B.) 
Res., 7 Park PI., St. James's St.. S.W. 
BIDDULPH, Baronet. Sir TuEorniLUS 
George Biddulph, 8th Bt. (Eng. 1664), son of 7th 
Bt., b. 1874, sue. 1883, mar. 1907 Eleanor, dau. of 
the late Saml. Thompson, Esq. Heir pres., a 
remote (3rd) cousin, William Hugh B. (b. 1869; 
no 2nd heir). Bes., Birdingbury Hall, Rugby. 

BIDDULPH, Knight. Gen. Sir Robert Bid- 
dulph, G.C.B. (Mil. 1899), G.C.M.G. (1886; 
K.C.M.G. 1880), R.A. retd. (1902), served in 
Crimea, Mutiny, China, &c, High Commissr. in 
Cyprus 1879-86, prev. Commissr. at Constanti- 
nople, has been Dir.-Gen. of Mil. Educ. and twice 
Q..M.G. to the Forces, Gov. of Gibraltar 1893-1900 : 
b. 1835 (bro. of Bn. Biddulph), widower. Bes., 
83 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BIDDULPH, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Katherine, dau. of Capt, Stamati, Comdt. of 
Balaklava), mar, 1857 Gen. Sir Mich. A. S. 
Biddulph, G.C.B., Gentn. Usher of the Black 
Rod (d. 1904). Bes.. Hampton Ct. Palace. 

BIDDULPH, Lady (Sarah) Wilfreda, dau. of 
1st E. of Selborne. 

BIDDULPH, Thomas Henry Stillingfleet, 
CLE. (1907), Acct.-Gen. in Patiala State. 

BIDIE, Surg.-Gen. George, CLE. (1883), 
M.B., F.Z.S., an Hon. Surg, to H.M., formerly 
to Ind. Viceroy, retired from Army 1890 ; is 
attached to numerous learned Socs.': b. 1830. Bes., 
Barmore, Bridge- of -Allan. Stirlingsh. 

BIGGE, Knight. Lt.-Col. Sir Arthur John 
Bigge, G.C.V.O. (1901), K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C.S.I. (1906), K.C.M.G. (1901). I.S.O. (1903). 
D.C.L., R.A. retd. (1898), served in Zulu Wai% 
now an Extra Equerry to H.M. and Priv. Sec. 
to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, whom he 
accompd. on his Colon, and Ind. tours, 1901 and 
1505-6 : b. 1849, mar. 1881 Constance, dau. of the 
late Rpv.Wm. F. Neville and gt. granddau. of 2nd 
Bn. Bi'aybrooke. Bes., "Warren Lodge, Thursley, 
Godalming ; Colour Ct., St. James's Pal.; S.W. 

BIGGE, Ma j. -Gen. Thomas Scovell Charles, 
C.B. (Mil. 1905), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. (1882) ; 
Crimea and Muliay: b. 1837. Bes., The Lye 
House. Bricket^Wood, gt. Alba ns. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 

BIR 153 

BIGGE (SELBY-), Lewis Amheest, C.B. (Civ. 
1905), M. A., late an Assist. Charity Commissi-., 
now Assist. Sec. Bd. of Educn. : b. i860, fits., 
Manor House, King's Sutton, Banbury ; 7 Wil- 
braham PL, Chelsea, S.W. 

BIGGS, Knight. Sir Arthur Worthington 
Biggs, Kt. Bach. (1906), Vice-Chmn. of Nat. Lib. 
Club, formerly a cotton mercht. in Liverpool and 
Maj. 6th Lanes. Artill. Vols. : b. 1846, widower. 
lies., Roadside, 102 West Hill, Putney, S.W. 

BIGGS, Lt.-Col. Henry Vero, D.S.O. (1898), 
R.E., Zhob Valley 1884, Burma 1885-7, N.W. 
Front. 1897-8: b. i860. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Cox and Co., Charing Cross, S.W. 

BIGGS (YEATMAN-), Bishop— see "Worces- 
ter." His wife, Lady Barbara Caroline T.-B., 
is a dau. of 4th E. of Dartmouth (q.v.). 

BIGHAM, Knight. Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bigham, Kt. Bach. (1897), officially "Mr. Justice 
Bigham." Judge of Bankruptcy Div. of the High 
Ct. (thence "Hon.") and Pres. of the Rail- 
way Commissn., appd. Q.C. 1883, late an M.P. 
(L. U.) : b. 1840, mar. 1871 Georgina, dau.of the late 
Jno. Rogers, Esq., of Liverpool. Res. .22 Grosvenor 
PI.. S.W. 

BIGHAM, Capt. Charles Clive, C.M.G. 
(1901), late Gren. Gds. ; China 1900; has been 
Hon. Attache to Brit. Legat. or Emb. at Peking, 
St. Petersburg, and Constantinople, and A.D.C. 
to Lord-Lieut, of Ireld. (Earl Cadogan), late on 
Intell. Div. at Headqrs., now at Bd. of Trade: 
b. 1872 (son of Mr. Justice Bigham) . Res., 14 
St. James's PL, S.W. 

BIGNOLD, Knight. Sir Arthur Bignold, 
Kt, Bach. (1904), M.P. for Wick Burghs (C), 
B.A., LL.B., E.R.G.S., F.Z.S., Chief of Gaelic 
Soc. of Scotld., formerly of Lond. Stock Exchge. i 
b. 1839, mar. 1906, 2nd wife, Emily Florence, dau. 
of the late Thos. Agar, Esq. Res., Loch Rosque 
Castle, Achnasheen S.O., Ross-sh. ; Strathbran 
Lodge, and Cabuie Lodge, Achanalt S.O., same 
Co. ;. town res., 2 Curzon St., Mayfair, W. 

BIKANIR, the Maharaja of. Maj. H. H. 
Raj Rajeshwar Shiromani Shri Sir Ganga Singh, 
Bahadur, G.C.I.E. (1907) ; K.C.I.E. (1901), 
K.C.S.I. (1904), a Ruling Chief of India, served 
in China 1900, an Hon. A.D.C. to H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales : b. 1880, mar. 1897. Res., 
Bikanir, Rajputana. 

BILIOTTI, Knight. Sir Alfred Biliotti, 
K.C.M.G. (1896), C.B. (Civ. 1890), late Consul- 
Gen, at Salonica, formerly for island of Crete, 
prev. Vice-Cons, at Rhodes and Cons, at Trebi- 
zond; superintended excavations of Halicarnassus, 
and discovered Necropolis at Rhodes, ret. 1903: 
b. 1833, mar. 1889 a French lady. 

BILLSON, Knight's Widow {by elevation). 
Lady B. (Lilla, dau. of the late Jno. Baines, 
Esq.), mar. 1862 Alfred Billson, M.P., designated 
for a Kt. Bach, but died (1907) before investiture, 
whereupon his widow was granted rank as above. 

BILSLAND, Baronet. Sir William Bilsland, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1907), Lord Provost of Glasgow at 
date of promotion. - 

BINGHAM, family name of Lucan Earldom 
and of Clanmorris Barony. Index to the two 
lines (all " Honourables ") : 
Albert Edwd. l. Edwd. B. Stew. c. Isabella C. S. c. 
Albert, Mrs., c. Eleanor C. A. c. Jno. Denis Y. 0. 
Alex.Fredc. t. Fras. Richd. l. Jno. Edwd. l. 
Arthur M. R. c. George C. Patk. l. Lionel Ernest, l. 
Barbara Violet, l. George Rodk, B. c.Marg. Diana, u 
Barry, Mrs., c. Harriette I. M, c. Richard, Adm. l. 
Burton, Mrs., c. Hugh T. de B. c. Richd. Ger. A. c. 
Cecil Edwd. l. Ieme Maude, c. Terence, c. 
Clare Alice, c. 

BINGHAM, Baronet. Col. Sir John Edward 
Bingham, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), V.D., head of the 
Sheffield firm of Walker and Hall, Hon. Col. 1st 
Yorks. R.E. Vols., has been twice Master Cutler 
of Sheffield : son of the late Edward Bingham, 
Esq., b. 1839, mar. 1863 Maria, dau. of the late 
Wm. Fawcett, Esq. Heir, his son Albert Edward, 
Capt. and Hon. Maj. R.E. Vols. (b. 1868; no 2nd 
heir). Res.., West Lea, Ranmoor, Sheffield. 

BINGHAM, Lord < (by .courtesy), eld. son and 
heir of E. of Lucah, q.v. (title subst. for Lord 
Lucan, using the fam. name). 

BINGHAM (SMITH-), Maj. Oswald Buckley 
Bingham (i.e. O. B. Bingham Smith-Bingham), 
D.S.O. (1901), 3rd Drgn. Gds.; S. Africa 1901-2: 
b. 1868. 

BINNEY, Lady Marjory, dau. of 5th M. of 

BINNIE, Knight. Sir Alexander Richard- 
son Binnie, Kt. Bach. (1897), P.I.C.E., late Engr. 
toL.C.C, constructed the new Blackwall Tunnel ; 
prev. in Pub.Works Dept. India : b. 1839, widower. 
Res., 77 Ladbroke Grove, Notting Hill, W. 

BINNIE, James, I.S.O. (1902), Sub-Insp. of 
Schools, Scotld. : b. 1842. 

BINNING, Lord (by courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Haddington. The title in the Earl- 
dom is " Bn. of Binning and Byres " (Scot. 1613). 

BINNY, Capt. Steuart Scott, D.S.O. (1902), 
10th Hussars ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. 

Kt. Bach. (1907), CLE. (1898), M.A., Govt. 
Advoc. in Centr. Provs., given personal title of Rai 
Bahadur 1888: b. 1857. Res., Nagpur, Centr. 

BIRCH, Knight. Sir Arthur (Nonus) Birch, 
K.C.M.G. (1886), Agent to Bank of England, 
Burlington Gdns. ; acting Gov. of Brit. Columbia 
1866-7, aftds. Lt.-Gov. of Penang and Ceylon : 
b. 1837, widower. Res., 1 Old Burlington St., W. 

BIRCH, . Knight's Widow. Lady B. (May, 
dau. of Capt. Geo. P. Burden), mar. 1868, as 2nd 
wife, Lt.-Gen. Sir. Richd. J. H. Birch, K.C.B. (d. 
1875). Res. ,8 Loraine Terr., King's Rd., Fulham, 
S.W. ■ • - 

BIRCH, Claude Churchill, I.S.O. (1905), 
Princ. Clerk at Admiralty : b. 1846. Res., 
Granville House, Granv. PL, W. 

BIRCH, Capt. Edward Massy, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
R.A., S. Africa 1899-1903, late as a Remount 
Offr. : b. 1875. 

BIRCH, Ernest Woodford, C.M.G. (1900), late 
Gov. of Labuan (with Nth. Borneo, Sarawak, and 
Brunei), formerly held posts at Malacca, Singa- 
pore, &c, now Resid. at Perak : b. 1857. Res., 
Perak, Straits Settlemts. ; Wolverton, Bexhill- 
on-Sea S.O., Sussex. 

BIRCHENOUGH, John Henry, C.M.G. (1905J, 
M.A., F.R.S.S., late Spec. Commissr. on Pros- 
pects of Brit. Trade in S. Africa : b. 1853. Res., 
West Bank, Macclesfield ; 79 Eccleston Sq., S.W. 

BIRD, Knight. Gen. Sir George Corrie 
Bird, K.C.I.E. (1899), C.B. (Mil. 1889), LA. 
Supemum. List, served in Mutiny, Afghanistan 
1878-80, Toehi 1897, late comdg. Punjab Front. 
Forces, prev. Oudh Dist. and Chin Hills : b. 1838, 
mar. 1872 Emily Ellen, dau. of the late Maj .-Gen. 
Hy. D. Manning. 

BIRD, Christopher John, C.M.G. (1901), 
Perm. Head of Natal C.S., late Princ. Under Sec. 
in C.S. of that Colony from 1874 : b. 1855. Res., 

154 BIB Directory of Peerage, 

BIRD, James William Fairbridge, I.S.O. 
(1906), Sec. to Law Dept. Natal : b. 1858. Res., 
244 West St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BIRD, Maj. Robert, CLE. (1905), M.D., 
I.M.S., Officiating Prof, of Surgery at Bengal 
Med. Coll. and Surg, to the Hosp., has been Surg, 
to the Viceroy : b. 1866. 

BIRD, Col. Spencer Godfrey, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Roy. Dubl. Pus. retd. (1906) ; S. Africa 1899-1902: 
b. 1854. 

BIRD, Maj. Stanley, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1906), comdg. 1st Batt. Roy. Fus. ; Nile 1898: 
b. 1864. 

BIRD, Lt.-Col. Wilkinson Dent, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. W. Surrey Regt. ; Niger 1897, 
N.W. Frontier, S. Africa with Mtd. Inf. 1899-1900, 
late Ch. Instr. to Sch. of Musketry, now a 
Prof, in Ind. Staff Coll. : b. 1869. Res., Staff 
Coll., Deolali, Bombay. 

BIRDWOOD, Knight. Sir George Christo- 
pher Molesworth Birdwood, K.C.I.E. (1887; Kt. 
Bach. 1881), C.S.I. (1877), M.D., LL.D., late special 
assistant m Rev. and Commerc. Dept. of India 
Office, formerly of Bombay Med. Staff (served in 
Persian Campaign 1856-7) and Prof, of Anatomy, 
Botany, &c, in Grant Coll., Bombay, since then 
holding numerous C. S. and scientific apptmts., 
was Sheriff of Bombay 1864, is a Kt. of Grace St. 
John Jerus. : b. 1832, mar. 1856 Frances Anne, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Tolcher, Esq., R.N. Res., 
119 The Avenue, Ealing, W. 

BIRKBECK (pron. Burbeck), Baronet. Sir 
Edward Birhbeck, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1886), a D.L. for 
Norfolk, a Pub. Works Loan Commissr., Kt. of 
Grace St. John Jerus., and Chmn. Roy. Nat. 
Lifeboat Inst., an M.P. 1879-92 (C): son of the 
late Hy. Birkbeck, Esq., b. 1838, mar. 1865 the 
following. Heir, none. Seat, Horstead Hall, Nor- 
wich ; town res., 9 Wilton Cresc, S.W. 

BIRKBECK, Hon. Lady, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Hylton (q.v.) and wife of the preceding. 

BIRKBECK, Col. William Henry, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), C.M.G. (1906), late King's Drgn. 
1 Gds. ; Hazara and Chin Lushai 1888-90, S. Africa 
1899-1902, late D.A.A.G. for Mil. Instruction at 
Headqrs., now comdg. Cav. School : b. 1863. 

BIRKIN, Baronet. Sir Thomas Isaac Birkin, 
1st Bt. {U.K. 1905), a D.L. for Notts. (High 
Sheriff 1892), late Capt. Robin Hood Rifles, of 
which he was one of the promoters : son of the 
late Richd. Birkin, Esq., of Aspley Hall ; b. 1831, 
mar. 1856 Harriet, dau. of Matt. Tebbutt, Esq. 
Heir, his son Thomas Stanley (b. 1857 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's son Thomas Richard Chetwynd, b. 
1895). Seat, Ruddington Grange, Nottingham. 

BIRKIN, Lt.-Col. Richard Leslie, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Maj. S. Notts. Imper. Yeom. ; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862 (3rd son of above Bt.) 

BIRLEY, Col. Richard Kennedy, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 7th Lanes. 
Vol. Artill. : b. 1845. Res., Cambridge St., Man- 

BIRMINGHAM, Baron (? Irel. temp. Edward 
III.)— see "Gormanston, Vise," with note. 

BIRMINGHAM, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Charles 
Gore, D.D., D.C.L., 1st Bp., formerly a Chapl. in 
Ord. to H.M., late 104th Bp. of Worcester, prev. 
a Canon of Westminster, and has been Vice-Prin- 
cipal of Cuddesdon College, Princ. of Pusey 
House, Vic. of Radley, Examg. Chapl. to Bp. of 
Lincoln, and repeatedly Select Preacher at both 
Oxford and Cambridge, was editor of 'Lux 
Mundi : ' b. Jan. 22, 1853 (nephew of 4th E. of 
Arran and maternal grandson of 4th E. of Bess- 


borough) ; cons. 1902, trans, to B'ham and ent. 
Lords 1905 (L.). Res.. Bishop's Croft, Birming- 
ham. — Assist. Bp., see "Mylne." 

BIRRELL, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Augustine 
Birrell, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1905, Irel. 1907), K.C. 
(1894), M.P. for Nth. Bristol (£.), Ch. Sec. for 
Ireld., late Pres. of Bd. of Educn. : b. 1850, mar. 
1888, 2nd wife (as under "Tennyson"). Res., 
The Pightle, Sheringham S.O., Norfolk; 70 Elm 
Pk. Rd., Chelsea, S.W. ; chamb., 11 New Sq., 
Line. Inn, W.C. 

BIRT, Knight. Sir William Birt, Kt. Bach. 
(1897), V.D., A.I.G.E., late Gen. Man. of Gt. 
Eastern Railway, now on Bd. of Dirs., and is 
Dep. Chmn. Metropol. Rail., also Hon. Col. 
Rail, and Engr. Vol. Staff Corps : b. 1834, mar. 
1872 Constantia Mary Ann, dau. of Matt. W. 
Thomas, Esq. Res., Devonshire House, Short- 
lands, Bromley, Kent. 

BISCOE, Lt.-Gen. William Walters, C.B. 
(Mil. 1896), Col. 19th Lancers, I.A.; Afghn. 
1878-80, 2nd MiranzaiExpedn., has been A.A.G. 
Bengal, ret. 1901: b. 1841. Bes.,8oSt. Brannock's 
Rd., Hfracombe. 

BISHOP, Capt. Frederick Edward, D.S.O. 
(1901), Unattached List ( Auxils.) ; Ashanti 1900, 
now a Travelling Commissr. in Nth. Territs. of 
Gold Coast : b. 1872. 

BISSET, Knight. Col. Sir William Sinclair 
Smith Bisset, K.C.I.E. (1897), RE., M.A., served 
in Afghan War 1878-80, ret. 1898 ; has been Sec. 
to Pub. Works Dept. and Dir. -Gen. of Rails, in 
India : b. 1843, *na r - Henrietta Mary, dau. of 
the late Lt.-Gen. Wm. P. La Touche. Res., Hill 
House, Stoke Poges S.O., Bucks. 

BLACK, Knight (1). Sir Samuel Black, Kt. 
Bach. (1892), Aid. and Town Clerk of Belfast, 
prev. Town Solicitor : b. 1830, mar. 1853 Ellen, 
dau. of the late Saml. Archer, Esq. Res., Glen 
Ebor, Strandtown S.O., Co. Down. 

BLACK, Knight (2), Maj .-Gen. Sir Wilsone 
Black, K.C.B. (Mil. 1907), served in Crimean, 
Kaffir, and Zulu Wars ; has been in comd. in 
Jamaica and Hong Kong, A.A. & Q.M.G. in 
N. Scotia and A.A.G. at Gibraltar, ret. 1899 : b. 
1837. Club, Jun. U. Serv. 

BLACKADER, Maj. Charles Gcinand.D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Leic. Regt. ; Niger 1897-8 and S. Africa 

1899- 1902: b. 1869. 

BLACKBURN, Lady Constance Frances, 
dau. of 13th E. of Strathmore. 

BLACKBURNE, Capt. Charles Harold, 
D.S.O. (1902), late Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 

1900- 2, now Manager of Horse Breeding Dept. 
there : b. 1876. Res., Standerton, Transvaal. 

BLACKBURNE, Col. Robert Ireland, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), Hon. Col. (formerly Lt.-CoL eomdg.) 
3rd Batt. S. Lanes. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1, 
is a D L. for Lanes. : b. 1850. Res., Hale Hall, 
nr. Liverpool ; Orford Hall, Warrington. 

BLACKETT, Baronet. Sir Edward William 
Blackett, 7th Bt. {Eng. 1673), C.B. (Mil. 1905), 
Hon. Maj .-Gen. retd., served in Crimea : son of 
6th Bt., b. 1831, sue. 1885, mar. 1871 Hon. Lady 
B. (as below). Heir, his son Hugh Douglas (b. 
1873 ; 2nd heir, latter's son, Charles Douglas, 
b. 1904). Seat, Matfen Hall, Corbridge S.O., 
N'thumbd. ; Sockburn, Darlington. 

BLACKETT, Baronet's Widow {remrrd). 
Alethea, Lady B. (Alethea Rianette Anne, dau. 
of the late Gen. Wm. Hy. Scott), mar., 1st, 1880, as 
4th wife, Sir Edwd. Blackett, 6th Bt. (d. 1885) ; 
2ndly, 1888, Hy. G. Holt, Esq.— title retained by 
right. i?es., The Grove, Ropley, Alresford, Hants. 

BLA Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BLA 155 

BLACEETT, Hon. Lady, dau. of 17th Bn. 
Somerville (q.v.) and wife of the above Bt. 

BLACKMORE, Edwin Gordon, C.M.G. (1901), 
Clerk of Parliaments to Austral. Commonwealth, 
served in N.Z. war of 1863-4, formerly an Exam, 
in Hist, to Adelaide Univ. : b. 1837. Bes., Toorak, 

BLACKWOOD, Baronet. Sir Francis Black- 
wood, 4th Bt. ( 1814), Capt. R.N. retd. (1886), 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 3rd, 
b. 1838, sue. 1854, mar. 1871, 2nd wife, Dorothy 
Frances, dau. of the late Rev. E. H. Quicke. Heir, 
his son Henry Robert Temple (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Henry Palmer Temple, b. 1896). 
Club, U. Serv. 

BLACKWOOD, Lady Alicia, sist. of 8th E. of 

family name of Dufferin Marquessate, q.v. for 
u Lords " and " Ladies," with Lord Basil Black- 

BLAGROVE, Col. Henry John, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), late 13th Hussars; Afghn. 1879-80, Egypt 
1882, S. Africa 1899-1901, ret. 1901 : b. 1854. 
Club, Army and Navy. 

BLATN, Knight. Sir William Arbuthnot 
Blain, Kt. Bach. (1897), Pres. of Conserv. Assoc. 
of Nottingham, also of Savings Bank, &c, Chmn. 
of High School, Med. Aid Inst., &c. : b. 1833, 
widower. Bes., The Park, Nottingham. 

BLAIN, William, C.B. (Civ. 1906), B.A., Aud. 
of Civ. List, prev. a Princ. Clerk in Treasury: 
b. 1861. 

BLAINE, Knight. Sir Charles Frederick 
Blaine, Kt. Bach. (1889), knighted for services in 
promoting the S. African Customs Union : b. 18 — , 
mar. 18— Helen Mary, dau. of Thos. Howie, Esq. 
Bes., Jetty St., Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony. 

BLAINE, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lydia 
Letitia Purvis, dau. of Sir Timothy V. Stonhouse, 
14th Bt.), mar. 1881, as 2nd wife, Sir Robt. 
Stickney Blaine, a former M.P. and Mayor of 
Bath (d. 1897). 

BLAIR, Capt. Arthur, D.S.O. (1900-1), King's 
Own Scott. Bords. ; Soudan 1898-9, S. Africa 
1900-2 as an A. D.C. , now a Staff Capt . at Headqrs. , 
late D.A.Q.M.G. in Cape Col. Dist. : b. 1869. 

BLAIR, Col. Frederick Gordon, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Hon. Col. (late Lt.-Col. comdg.) Leic. 
Imper. Yeom. (retd. 1906) ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
a D.L. for Ayrsh., was High Sheriff of Rutland 
1886: b. 1852. Bes., Ashwell Hall, Oakham; 
Blair, Dairy S.O., Ayrsh. 

BLAIR (HUNTER-) ,Baronet. Rev. Sir David 
Oswald Hunter-Blair, 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1786), 
M.A., was Chamberlain of Sword and Cloak to 
Popes Pius IX. and Leo XIII., a monk of 
the Order of St. Benedict and Master of 
Hunter-Blair' s Hall, Oxford ; formerly Capt. 
Ayr and Wigtown Mil. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, 
sue. 1896. Heir pres., his bro. Edward, Com. 
R.N. retd. (b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, latter's son James, 
b. 1889). Bes., The Abbey, Fort Augustus S.O., 
Inverness-sh. ; 9 Beaumont St., Oxford. 

BLAKE, family name of Wallscourt Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," also below. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Langham. Sir Patrick 
James Graham Blake, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1772), 
formerly Lieut, in Suffolk Mil. : son of the late 
Rev. Hy. B. Blake and grandson of 4th Bt., b. 
1861, sue. 1880, mar. 1883 Emma Gertrude, dau. of 
the late Thos. P. Dawson, Esq. Heir, his son 
Cuthbert Patrick (b. 1885; 2nd heir, Bt.'s 1st 
cous. once rem., Col. George Pilkington B., b. 

1835). Seat, Bardwell Manor, Ixworth S.O., Bury 
St. Edmunds. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Menlough. Sir Valentine 
Blake, 14th Bt. {Irel. 1622), High Sheriff of Co. 
Galway 1872, formerly Hon. Maj. Galway Mil.: 
son of 13th Bt., b. 1836, sue. 1875, mar. 1864 
Camilla Eugenia, dau. of Harvey Combe, Esq. 
Heir, his son Thomas Patrick Ulick John 
Harvey (b. 1870; 2nd heir, latter's son Ulick 
Temple, b. 1904). Seat, Menlough Castle, Ballina- 
sloe, Co. Galway. 

BLAKE, Baronet of Tillmovth. Col. Sir 
Francis Blake, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1907), Lt.-Col. 
comdg. and Hon. Col. Northumb. Artfll. Mil., a 
D.L., Co. Aid., and Dep. Chmn. Q.S. : son of the 
lateFras. Blake, Esq., b. 1856, mar. 1886 Selina, 
dau. of Cleland Burns, Esq., of Hamilton. Heir, 
his son, Francis Edward (b. 1893; 2nd heir, 
next son, Patrick Delaval, b. 1904). Seat, Till- 
mouth Pk., Cornhill-on-Tweed S.O., Northumbd. 

BLAKE, Knight (1). Sir Ernest Edward 
Blake, K.C.M.G. (1901), Crown Agent for the Colo- 
nies, ent. Colon. Off. 1863 and was Senior Priv. Sec. 
to Sees, of State 1872-9: b. 1845, widower. Bes., 
Hawkshill, Leatherhead, Surrey; 4 Whitehall 
Gdns., S.W. 

BLAKE, Knight (2). Sir Henry Arthur 
Blake, G.C.M.G. (1897; K.C.M.G. 1888), late Gov. 
of Ceylon, prev. of the Bahamas, Newfoundland, 
Jamaica, Hong Kong, &c, and one of five special 
magistrates in Ireland, Kt. of Justice St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1840, mar. 1874, 2nd wife, Edith, dau. 
of the late Ralph Bernal-Osborne, Esq. , M.P., and 
sist. of Dchss. of St. Albans. Bes., Myrtle Grove, 
Youghal, Co. Cork. 

BLAKE, Col. Arthur Maurice, C.B. (Civ. 
1897), a D.L. for Herts., High Sheriff of Rutland 
1887, late Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 1st Vol. 
Batt. Beds. Regt., formerly Capt. Gren. Gds. : b. 
1852. Bes., Danesbury, Welwyn, Herts. 

BLAKE, Henrv Claude, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1903), late Athlone Pursuivant of Arms, now Priv. 
Sec. to Ulster King: b. 1874. Bes., 22 More- 
hampton Rd., Dublin; Office of Arms, Dublin 

BLAKE, Col. Maurice Charles Joseph, C.B. 
(Civ. 1897), V.D., a D.L. for Mayo (High Sheriff 
1864), late Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. 
Connaught Rangers (Mil.) : b. 1837. Bes., Tower- 
hill, Ballyglass S,0., Co. Mayo. 

BLAKE, Maj. Napoleon Joseph Rudolph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Middx. Regt. retd. ; Zululd. 1879, 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. 1853. 

BLAKE, Hon. Mrs. Valentine, dau. of 3rd 
Bn. De Freyne. 

BLAKENEY, Maj . Herbert Norwood, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Middx. Regt. ; Boer War 1900-2 : b. 1871. 

BLAKENEY, Capt. Robert Byron Drury, 
D.S.O. (1898), R.E., Dongola and Khartoum, 
comd. a Balloon Section in S. Afr. War 1900, 
now Traffic Manager Egyptn. State Rails. : b. 
1872. Bes., Maison Chawarby Pacha, Cairo. 

BLAKER, Knight. Sir John George Blaker, 
Kt. Bach. (1897), four times Mayor of Brighton: 
b. 1854, mar. 1890 Lily, dau. of Saml. Cowell, Esq. 
Bes., The Romans, Stanford Avenue, Brighton. 

BLAKEY, James, I.S.O. (1902), Actuary and 
Princ. Clk. in Nat. Debt Office : b. 1851. 

BLAKISTON, Baronet. Sir Horace Nevile 
Blakiston, 5th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1763), son of the late 
Rev. Horace M. Blakiston and nephew of 4th Bt. ; 
b. 1861, sue. 1883. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Edward (b. 1862 ; 2nd heir, their nephew Arthur 

Directory of Peerage, BLO 

156 BLA 

Frederick,' b. 1892). Res., Lynton, "Westby Ed., 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BLANC, Knight. Dep. Surg. -Gen. Sir Henri 
Jules Blanc, K.C.Y.O. (1901), M.D., I.M.S. retd. 
(1887), served in Crimea, China 1860-2, Abyss. 
1867-8, having accompd. Mission to Emp. Theodore 
and been kept a prisoner by him for nearly two 
years, being in consequence awarded a gratuity of 
£2000 by Engl. Govt. ; aftds. Prof, of Surg, at 
Grant Med. Coll. Bombay, now a Consg. Surg, at 
Cannes : b. 1831. mar. 1877 Stella, dau. of EyreB. 
Powell, Esq., C.S.I. Res., Villa Manouka, Cannes. 

BLANDFOED, Marquess of {by courtesy— title 
Eng. 1702) , elder sonand heir of D. of Marlborough. 
For the ex-Mchss. see under " Abercorn." 

BLANE, Baronet. Lt.-Gen. Sir Seymour 
John Blane, grdBt. {U.K. 1812), C.B. (Mil. 1871), 
served in Crimea and Mutiny, was A.D.C. , to 
Earl Canning and has been Mil. Sec. to three 
successive Viceroys of India ; ret. 1881 as 
Lt.-Gen. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1833, sue. 1869, mar. 
1903 the widow of Henry Blake, Esq., of Boston, 
Mass. Heir pres., his nephew Charles Eodney 
B., Lieut. E.N. (b. 1879; 2nd heuy latter's bro. 
James Pitcairn, b. 1883). Res., 37 Lowndes St., 

BLANTYEE Barony {Scot. 1606), extinct 1900 
on death of 12th Bn. (surname Stuart). 

Surviving Representatives. 
Issue 0/ last {i2lh) Bn.: 

Hon. Mary S., b. 1845. . »• 

Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Lady Baird, h. 1846, mar. 1864 

Sir David B., 3rd Bt. of Newbyth, q.v. 
Hon. Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs, William Hy. Glad- 
stone,^. 1849, mar. 1873 the late Wm. Hy. Or.," Esq. 
(d. 1891), eld. sou of R.t. Hon. W. E. Gladstone. Res.. 
Hawarden Castle, Flints.,' nr. Chester (with' her 
bro.-in-law H. N. Gladstone, Esq.) ; 41 Berkeley 
Sq., W. 

Dau. of nth Bn. (sist. of 12th) : 

(The late 12th Baron, b. 1818, d. 1900.) 
Hon. Caroline Henrietta, now Caroline, Gtss. of Sea- 
field, q.v., b. 1830, mar. 1850 7th Earl of 8. (d. 1881). 

BLENKINSOP, Lt.-Col. Layton John,D.S.O. 
(1898), Khartoum, S. Africa 1899-1902, was Sen. 
Vet. Offr. in Egypt, formerly Prof, in Lahore 
Vet. Coll., now Princ. Vet. Offr. at Headqrs. S. 
Africa : b. 1862. Res., Pretoiia. 

BLENNEEHASSETT,Friv. Counc. and Baro- 
net. Bt. Hon. Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, P.C. 
{Irel. 1905), 4th Bt. {U.K. 1809), D. es Sc., LL.D., 
late Pres. of Queen's Coll. Cork, is a Senator Boy. 
Univ. Ireld., a D.L. for Kerry (High Sheriff 1866), 
a Commissr. of Natl. Educn. in Ireld., ah M.P. 
1865-74 and 1880-5 (Z.) : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1839, 
sue. 1849, mar. 1876 Countess Charlotte dc Leyden. 
Heir, his son Arthur Ciiables Francis Bernard 
(b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, nest son, William Paul 
Eowland Lewis, b. 1882). Club, Athena3um. 

BLENNEEHASSETT, Col. Blennerhasset 
Montgomery, C.M.G. (1896), E.A.M.C. retd. 
(1906), F.E.C.S.I., Ashanti 1895-6, late Med. Offr. 
for Murree Dist. : b. 1850. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

BLEWITT, Col. William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1901), E.A. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, late Sec. to 
Ordn. Cmttee., now Dir. of Aitill. at Headqrs. 
(temp. Brig.-Gen.) : b. 1854. Res., The Manor 
House, Aylesbury. 

BLEZABD, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 7th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

BLIGH, family name of Darnley Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies" and " Hons." (is also surname 
of Bnss. Clifton). 

BiiISS, Knight. Sir Henry William Bliss, 
K.C.I.E. (1897), B.A., late Memb. Counc. of 
Gov. of Madras, prev. an Addit. Memb. of that 
of Viceroy: b. 1840, mar. igoo,-_3rd wife, 
Florence, dau. of Sir Fredk. J. Bramwell, 1st Bt., 
F.E.S. Res,, Four Elms, Edenbridge, Kent; 
10 Cornwall Gdns.. S. Kens., S.W. 

BLISSETT,Comsry. Henry Frederick, C.M.G. 
(1874), Ashanti 1873-4, held numerous apptmts. in 
Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, &c, and was Commissr. 
of Accts. in Falkld. Is., ret. 1885 : b. 1847. 

BLOCK, Knight. Sir Adam Samuel James 
Block, K.C.M.G. (1907), late Ch. Dragoman and 
Orient. Sec. at Constantinople, now a Delegate 
and Altern. Pres. of Brit, and Dutch Bondholders 
on Ottoman Pub. Debt : b. 1856, mar. 1882 Louisa 
Constance, dau. of the late Eobt. Cumberbatch, : 
Esq. Address, Ottoman Public Debt Office, Con- 

BLOEMFONTEIN {pron. Bloomf ontayn) , 
Bishop of. Et. Eev. Arthur Chandler, D.D.', 
5th Bp., late Vic. of Poplar, prev. Chapl. to Bp. 
of Salisbury, was Select Preacher at Oxford 1891: 
b. i860, cons. 1901. Res., Bishop's Lodge, Bloem- 
f ontein, Orange Eiver Col. 

BLOIS, Baronet. Sir Ealph Barrett Mac- 
naghten Blois, 9th Bt. {Eng. 1686), a D.L. for 
Suffolk (High Sheriff 1905-6), Capt. Eeserve of 
Officers, formerly Lieut. Scots Gds. : son of 8th 
Bt., b. 1866, sue. 1888, mar. 1898 Winifred Grace 
Hegan, dau. of Col. Edmd. H. Kennard. Heir, 
his son Gervase Ealph Edmund (b. 1901 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Eardley Steuart, b. 1869). Seat, 
Cockfield Hall, Bury St. Edmunds. 

BLOIS, Baronet's Widow. ■ Dowager Lady B. 
(Eliza Ellen, dau. of the late Capt. Alt'. Chapman, 
E.N.), mar. 1865 Sir Jno. E. JBlois, 8th Bt. (d. 
1888). Res., 8 Ennismore Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BLOMEFIELD, Baronet. Sir Thomas Wilmot 
Peregrine Blomefield, 4th Bt.. {U.K. 1807), C.B. 
(Civ. 1903), Financ. Assist. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, 
has been Priv. Sec. to successive Presidents : son 
of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1878, mar. 1874 Lilias, 
dau. of the late Maj . Hon. Chas. Napier, son of 8th 
Bn. Napier of Merchistoun. Heir, his son Thomas 
Charles Alfred, Lieut. E.N. (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Nigel Napier, b. 1877). Res., 6 
The Grange, Wimbledon Common, S.W. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight. Eear - Adm. Sir 
Eichard Massie Blowfield, K.C.M.G. (1904), Dir.- 
Gen. of Egyptian Ports and Lighthouses ; served 
in Crimea, and Egypt 1882 : b. 1835, mar. 1877 
Eosamund Selina, dau. of the late Bp. Graves, of 
Limerick. Res., Port House, Alexandria; 5 
Stanley Place, Chester. 

BLOMFIELD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Sara Louisa, dau. of M. J. Eyan, Esq.), mar. 
1887, as 2nd wife, Sir Arthur Wm. Blomfleld, 
A.E.A., Architect to Bank of England (d. 1899). 
Res., Springfield, Bioadway S.O., Wore. 

BLOMFIELD, Maj .-Gen. Charles James, C.B. 
(Mil. 1904), D.S.O. (1898), late Lanes. Fus. ; Nile 
1898, S. Africa 1899-1902, has comd. Harrismith 
and Natal Sub-Dist., was A.A.G. Bombay 1897-8 : 
b. 1855. Club, Armv and Navy. 

BLOOD, Knight. Gen. Sir Bindon Blood, 
K.C.B. (Mil. 1896), E.E. retd. (1907), served in 
Jowaki Expedn. 1877-8, S. Africa 1879, Afghan- 
istan 1879-80, Egypt, and Chitral Belief, comd; 
Frontier Field Forces 1897-8 ; a Div. in S. Africa 
1901, Nthn. Comd., India, 1901-6: b. 1842, mar. 
1883 Charlotte Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Auckland 
Colvin, K.C.S.I. Res., 183 St. James's Ct., 
Buckm. Gt., S.W. .• 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BOD 157 

BLOOMFIELD, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau, of 
iat Bn, Playfair. 

BLOSSE (LYNCH-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Lynch^Blosse, 11th Bt. {Irel. 1622), a D.Li for 
Mayo, High Sheriff 1897 : son of 10th Bt., b. 1857, 
sue. 1893. Heir pres., his bro. Capt. Robert 
L.-B. (b. 1861; 2nd heir, next bro., Francis, b. 
1868). Seat, Athavallie, Balla S.O., Co. Mayo. 

BLOUNT, Baronet. Sir Walter de Soding- 
ton Blount; 9th Bt. {Eng. 1642), a D.L. for 
Worcestersh. : son of 8th Bt., b. i833> sue. 1881, 
mar. 1874 Elizabeth Anne Mould, dau. of Jas. Z. 
Williams, Esq., of Cader Idris. Heir, his son 
Walter Aston (b. 1876 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Edward Robert, b. 1884). Club, Brooks's. 

BLUNDELL, Col. John Evles, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
late Hants. Regt. ; China 1863, Afghn. ,1879-80, 
Burma 1885-7 and 1889-90, was A.A.G. Madras 
1882-7, ret. 1900: b. 1843. Club > Army and 

Maj. Dermot Howard, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1900), King's Roy. Rif. Corps; S. Africa 1899- 
1900, late A.D.C. in 4th Army Corps, prev. to 
Gov. of Malta : b. 1874. 

BLUNDEN, Baronet. Sir William Blunden, 
4th Bt. {Irel. 1766), B.A., M.B., L.R.C.S.I., 
L.M.K.Q.C.P. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1840, sue. 1890, 
mar. 1879 Florence Caroline, dau. of Hy. Shuttle- 
worth, Esq., of N.Z. Heir, his son John (b. 
1880; 2nd heir, next son, Eric Overington, b. 
1892). Sent, Castle Blunden, Kilkenny. 

BLUNT, now the family name of the Crom artie 
Earldom (no representative known by the name) . 

BLUNT, Baronet. " Sir John Harvey Blunt, 
8th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1720), late Capt. Roy. Dub. Fus., 
served in Indian Mutiny 1857-9 : bro. of 7th Bt. 
and grandson of 3rd, b. 1839, sue. 1902, mar. 1870 
Susan, dau. of P. Hoad, Esq. Heir, his son John 
Harvey (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir next son, Walter 
Cecil, b. 1877). Bes., The Priory, Lamberhurst 
S.O., Kent. 

BLUNT, Bishop— see "Hull." 

BLUNT, Knight. Sir John Elijah Blunt, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1878), late Cons.-Gen. at 
Boston, U.S.A., prev. at Salonica, was a Ch. 
Interpr. in Crimean War, and has held several 
diplomatic apptmts. : b. 1832, mar. 1858 Fanny 
Janet, dau. of D. Sandison, Esq. Club, Athe- 

1 BLUNT, Lady Anne Isabella Noel, dau. of 
1st E. of Lovelace and heiress pres. to Went- 
worth Barony. 

BLUNT, Col. Ernest, C.B. (Mil. 1907), R.E., 
Ch. Engr. Eastn. Comd. India : b. 1851. 

BLUNT, Lady Florence Catherine, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

- BLYTH, Baron. James Blyth, istBn. {U.K.) 
and a Bt., F.R.S., F.R.S.S., Vice-Pres. of this and 
of Soc. of Arts, an extensive agriculturist, is on 
the Exec, of Brit. Emp. League, a Gov. of the 
Gordon Memor. Coll. at Khartoum, also of St. 
Barthol.'s Hosp., and Gov. or Vice-Pres. of 
numerous Agric. Socs. (Dairy Farmers', Jersey 
Cattle, National Poultry, &c), also a Dir. of 
W. & A. Gilbey, a memb. League of Mercy: son 
of the late Jas. Blyth, Esq., of Chelmsford; b. 
Sept.' 10, 1841, cr. Bn. 1907 (L.) ; mar. 1865 the 
late Eliza (d. 1894), dau. of Wm. Mooney, Esq. 
Seat, Blythwood, Stansted S.O., Essex, nr. Bp.'s 
Stortford; town res., 33 Portland PL, W. 

Creations. U.K.: A Bt. 1895; Bn. Blyth, 1907. 
.{ M itfftt«w-T" <•" Issue. 4 lTO ">Vt 


Hon. Nora Beatrice, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Gardner, 

b. 1866, mar. 1885 Lt.-Col. Alan Coulstoun G., M.P. 

Res., Clearwell Castle, Coleford, Glos., nr. Bath. 
Hon. Herbert William B., heir to Barony, a Dir. 

of W. & A. Gilbey : b; 1868. 
Hon. James Audley B., 2nd heir, Lieut. Essex 

Imper. Yeom., served in S. Africa 1900: b. 1874. 

Club, Devonshire. 
Hon. Grace Loudenne, now Hon. Mrs. Claude Rome, 

b. 1875, mar. 1905 Capt. Claude Stuart R. ' 
Hon. Rupert Alfred B., Lieut; Essex Imper. Yeom., 

served in S. Africa 1900 : b. 1877. Club, Devonshire. 
Hon. Gladys Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Gerald Gold, b. 

1879, mar. 1893 Gerald G-, Esq. Res., Eentfleld, 

Stansted S.O., Essex. 
Hon. Millicent Catherine B., b. 1882. 

BLYTH, Bishop— see "Jerusalem." 

BLYTHSWOOD, Baron. Archibald Camp- 
bell Campbell, istBn. {U.K.) and a Bt., LL.D., 
V.D., F.R.S., Lord Lieut, of Renfrewsh. and a 
D.L. for Lanarks. and Co. of City of Glasgow, 
ah A.D.C. to H.M., Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. 
Highld. L.I., and of 4th Batt. Prss. Louise's 
Highldrs. (Mil.), formerly Lt.-Col. of Scots Gds. 
(served in Crimea), twice an M.P. : son of the late 
Archibald Douglas, Esq. (aftds. Campbell), of 
Mains and Blythswood ; b. Feb. 22, 1835; cr. Bn: 
1892 (C.) ; mar. 1864 Hon. Augusta Clementina 
Carington, dau. of 2nd Bn. Carrington. Seat, 
Blythswood House, Renfrew ; town res., 2 Sea- 
more PL, Curzon St., W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1880 ; Bn. Blythswood, 1892 
(with remainder to his bros. in default of male issue). 
—Descended from the same line as the Dukes of Argyll. 
An ancestor had in 1705 exchanged his patronymic for 
Douglas, but the present Peer's father restored the other 

Heir pres. (under above remainder), his next bro. : 
Rev. Sholto Douglas Campbell-Douglas, M. A. .for- 
merly Rect. of All Saints, Marylebone : b. 1839, 
mar. 1889 Violet Mary, dau. of the late Gen. 
Lord Alfred H. Paget, C.B., assumed 1869 in 
addition the former surname Douglas. Res., 
Douglas Support, Coatbridge, Lanarks. (2nd heir, 
his nephew Archibald James Hamilton Douglas 
Campbell, son of deceased 2nd bro., b. 1884.) 

BOAK, Knight. Hon. Sir Robert Bonk, Kt. 
Bach. (1902), formerly Pres. Legisl. Counc. of 
Nova Scotia — hence "Hon.," is Dir. of Union 
Bank, N.S. : b. 1822. Bes., 3 Fawson St., 
Halifax, N.S. 

BOARDMAN, Adm. Frederick Ross, C.B. 
(Mil. 1885), Egypt 1882, Soudan and Nile Expedns., 
ret. 1899: b. 1843. Bes., 5 South Row, Black- 
heath, S.E. 

BOBBILI, Raja of. Maharaja Sir Venkata 
Swetachalpati Ranga Rao, Bahadur, K.C.LE. 
(1895), M.R.A.S., has erected a High School and 
other pub. bdgs. at Bobbili, is hered. Raja of 
Bobbili, but Maharaja is a personal title only : 
b. 1862, mar. thrice. Bes., Bobbili, Vizagapatam, 
Madras; Gopal Bagh, Mount Rd., Madras. 

BOCQUET, Roland Roscoe Charles, CLE. 
(1878), was Engr. on Scinde and Delhi and Sth. 
Amer. Rails., rendered spec. serv. during Madras 
Famine 1876 : b. 1839. 

BODE (Bod<§), Maj. Louis William, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 1st Roy. Scots. ; Zululd. 1879 and 
Boer War 1899-1901 : b. i860. 

BODKIN, Knight's Widow {remrrd.&nd. known 
as Mrs. Silver : Sarah Constance, dau. of the late 
J. J. Miles, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1865, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Wm. H. Bodkin, Assist. Judge Middx. Sessions 
(d. 1874) ; 2ndly, 1875, S. W. Silver, Esq. Bes., 
Letcombe Manor, Wantage, Berks. ; 3 York Gt., 
Reg. Pk„ N.W. 

BODLE, Lt.-Col. William, C.M.G. (1901), 
Brit. S. Afr. Police ; Matabeleld. 1893 and 1896, 
Boer War 1900, now in comd. of Amalgd. Divs. 
of same Police : b. 1853. Bes., Bulawayo. 

158 23 QE 

Directory of Peerdge^ 


BOEHM, Baronet; Sir Boo An Collins Bozhm, 
2nd Bt. (U.K. lSgg), F.R.GiS., late Lieut. Car- 
digan ArtiH. : son of ist Bt. (a distmguished 
sculptor and Royal Academician), b. 1870, "sue; 
1890. Heir, none. Res., unfixed. 

BOEVEY (CRAWLEY-), BaronSt. Sir 
Thomas Hydk Craxoley-Boevey,j i %h. Bt. (Gt» Br. 
1784), V.D., Verderer of Dean Forest, Hon. Col. 
2nd "Vol. Batt. Glouc. Regt. retired, formerly 
Lieut. 69th Foot, High Sheriff of Glouc. 1882 I 
son of 4th Bt., b. 1837, sue. 1862, widower* 
Heir, his son Francis Hyde (b. 1868 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Launcelot Valentine Hyde, b. 1900). 
Seat, Flaxley Abbey, Newnham S.O., Glouc. 

BOILEAU (pron. as French), Baronet. Sir 
Maurice Colborne Boileau, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1838), 
M.A., a D.L. for Norfolk and for City of 
Norwich : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1900. 
Heir pres., his bro. Raymond Frederic (b. 1868; 
2nd heir, a son of late Edmond B., 3rd son of 1st 
Bt.). Seats, Ketteringham Park, Wymondham, 
Norfolk ; Hethel and Tacolneston Halls, and 
Fundenhall Grange— all nr. Norwich. 

BOILEAU, Baronet's Widow. Lady P. (Lucy 
Henrietta, dau. of Sir Geo. E. Nugent, 2nd Bt. 
of Waddesdon), mar. i860 Sir Fras. Geo. M. 
Boileau, 2nd Bt., F.S.A. (d. 1900) . .Res., Kettering- 
ham Pk. , as above. 

BOILEAU, Col. Francis William, C.B. (Mil. 
1891), I. A. Supermini. List; Mutiny 1857-9, 
Abyss. 1867-8, and Afghn. 1878-9 : b. 1835. Bes., 
Elstowe, Camberley, Surrey. 

BOIS, Knight. Sir Stanley Bois, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), a merchant and estate agent of Colombo, 
late an M.L.C. of Ceylon, formerly Chmn. of 
Chamb. of Comm.: b. 1864, mar. 1895 Isa Gordon, 
dau. of the late Gabriel Ross, Esq. Res., Hunu- 
pitiya Cottage, Colombo; Sylha, Newara Eliya, 

BOLAND, Capt. Simon B., D.S.O. (1902), 
Commonwth Def . Forces ; S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 
1875. Bes., Brisbane. 

BOLLNGBROKE and ST. JOHN {pron. Sm'- 
jun), Viscount. Vernon Henry St. John, 6th 
Vise. (Gt. Br.) and a Bt., a miuor : son of 5th V. ; 
b. March 15, 1896; sue. 1899. Seat, Lydiard Pk., 
Swindon, Wilts. 

Creations. Eng. : A Bt. z6». Gt. Br. : Vise. Boling- 
broke and Bn. St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, 1712 ; Vise. 
St. John and Bn. St. John of Battersea, 17x6.— The second 
pair of creations elevated Sir Henry St. John, 4th Bt. 
(a descendant of the ancestors of the St. John of Bletso 
Bny.), to the Viscty. of St. John ; the former pair had 
already been granted to his eldest son, the statesman 
and writer so well known as the friend and patron of 
Pope. (The Roll of the Peers still gives this title with 
a blank, apparently as the result of the mystery observed 
by the late Peer as to his marriage and the birth of an 
heir. It may thus remain till the present Viscount 
grows up and substantiates his claim.) 

Heir Presumptive. 
Rev. Maurice William Ferdinand St. John, D.D., 
Canon of Gloucester, grandson of 3rd Vise, and 
xst cous. once rem. of present; b. 1837, widower. 
Res., The Cloister House, Gloucester, (and heir, his 
son Henry Percy, b. 1834.) 

BOLINGBROKE and ST. JOHN, Viscount's 
Widow. Viscountess B. & St. J. (Mary Emily 
Elizabeth, dau. of Robt. Howard, Esq.), mar. 
1893 5th Vise. Bolingbroke (d. 1899). Bes., with 
present Visct. 

BOLITHO, Maj. William Edward Thomas, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late Maj. Roy. ist Devon Imper. 
Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1862. Bes., York 
House, Penzance; Hannaford, Ashburton S.O., 

BOLS, Maj. Louis JEAn, D.S.O. (i9O0«i), Devon 
Regt.; Burma 1891-2, Chitral Relief, and S. 
Africa 1899*1903, now a Brigade Major: b. 1867. 

BOLSOVER, Baron {U.K. 1880)— see "Port- 
land, D. of." 

BOLSTER, John, CLE. (1907), Dep. Com- 
missr. Northn. Ind. Salt Dept. 

BOLTON, Baron. William Thomas Orde- 
Powlett (pron. Pawlet), 4th Bn. (Gt. Br.), F.S.A., 
a D.L. and CO for North Rid. of Yorks., late 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Yorks. Hussars 
Imper. Yeom. : son of 3rd Bn.; b. Jan. 31, 1845; 
sue. 1895 (C.) ; mar. 1868 Lady Algitha Frederica 
Mary Lumley, dau. of 9th E. of Scarbrough. 
Seats, Bolton Hall, Leyburn S.O., Yorks. ; 
Hackwood Pk., Basingstoke, Hants, (let to Lord 

Creation. Bn. Bolton, Gt. Br. 1797.— The ist Bn., 
Thos. Orde. was Secretary to the Treasury, and after- 
wards to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, also a P.C. 
of that kingdom. On inheriting part of the estates of 
the 5th Duke of Bolton he adopted the additional name of 
Powlett (that borne by the Dukes having been Pawlet 
or Paulet; the title was attached to the Winchester 
Marquessate so long as it lasted, 1689-1794). 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (4th) Bn. : 

Hon. William George Algar O.-P., heir to Barony, 
a D.L. for N. Rid., Maj. ist Vol. Batt. Yorks. Regt.: 
b. 1869, mar. 1893 Hon. Elizabeth Mary Gibson, 
dau. of ist Bn. Ashbourne (Hon. Mrs. Orde- 
Powlett). Res., Wensley Hall, Leyburn S.O., 
Yorks. (and heir, his son William Percy, b. 1894.) 
The deceased Algitha Alkelda Brenda O.-P. , b . & d. 1871. 
The late Rhoda Lelia Alice O.-P., b. 1875, d. 1890. 
Hon. Myra Rowena Sibell, now Mchss. of Exeter, b. 
1879, mar. 1901 5th Marq. of E., q.v. 
Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sist. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1845.) 

Hon. Henry Robert O.-P., M.A., barrister-at-law, b. 
1846, mar. 1877 Henrietta Cathcart, dau. of the late 
Jno. R. de Trafford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Henry O.-P.). 
Res., 2 Queensberry PL, S. Kens., 8.W. 

Hon. Jean Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus Cathcart, 
b. 1848, mar. 1866 Col. Hon. Aug. Murray C, son 
of 2nd Earl Cathcart, q.v. 
Sist. -in-law oftyd Bn. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1818, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Mrs. Amias O.-P. (Anne Martha, dau. of the 
late Christopher Topham, Esq. ), mar. 1852 the late 
Hon. Amias Charles O.-P. (d. 1899). Res., Thorney 
Hall, Spennithorne, Leyburn S.O., Yorks. 

BOLTON, Knight's Widow (remrrd.). Lady 
B. (Julia Maria, dau. of the late R. Mathews, Esq.) , 
mar., 1st, 1866, Col. Sir Fras. J. Bolton (d. 1887) ; 
2ndly, 1890, Wm. A. Rixon, Esq.— retaining title 
by courtesy. Bes., Turkdean Manor, Northleach 
S.O., Glouc. 

BOLTON, Charles Walter, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Ch. Sec. to Bengal Govt, and a memb. of 
Counc. of Viceroy, now Acting Ch. Commissr. 
Assam : b. 1850. 

(Scot. 1624)— see "Lauderdale, E. of." 

BOMBAY, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Ruthven Pym, 6th Bp., late 6th Bp. of Mauritius, 
formerly Vicar of Rotherham and Eur. Dean of 
Sheffield: b. 1856, cons. 1898, trans. 1903, 
widower. Bes., Dilkoorh, Poona. 

BOMFORD, Lt.-Gen. Gerald, CLE. (1903), 
M.D., I.M.S., Perak 1875-6, late Princ. of the 
Med. Coll., Calcutta, now Dir.-Gen. of Ind. Med. 
Serv. with rank of Lt.-Gen.: b. 1851. Bes., 

BONCAMBI (Ital. spelling "Boncambj "), 
Contessa Federico Pucci, dau. of late Ctss. of 

BON Baronetage^ Knightage^ &c> BOR 159 

BOND, Knight's "Widow (by elevation). Lady 
B. (Caroline Frances, dau. of the late Rev. R. H. 
Barham, author of 'Ingoldsby Legends ')> mar. 
1847 Edwd. A. Bond, Esq., C.B., late of Brit. Mus., 
who was nominated for K.C.B. 1898, but died 
before investiture : she was aftds. granted rank of 
aKt's. widow. Res., 64 Prince's Sq.,Bayswater, W. 

BOND, Peiv. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir Robert Bond, P.O. (Gt. Br. 1902), K.C.M.G. 
(1901), LL.D., Prem. and (3rd time) Colon. Sec. of 
Newfoundland, formerly Speaker of House of 
Assembly, was official Delegate to Fishery and 
Reciprocity Confs. and to Colon. Confs. 1902-7: b. 
1857. Bes., St. John's and Whitbourne, Newfdld. 

BOND, Capt. Earbeby, D.8.O. (1902), 
Roy. Sussex Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOND, Engr.-Com. Edmund Edward, D.S.O. 
(1^98), R.N. retd. (1907; Nile Flotilla 1898: b. 

BOND, Col. Francis George, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.E., Zululd. 1879, Egypt, Hazara 1891, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa igoi-2, now D.Q.M.G. at 
Headqrs. : b. 1856. Bes., Simla. 

BOND, Maj. Reginald Copleston, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Yorks. Lt. Inf.; Zhob Fd. Force 1890, 
Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1866. 

BOND, Col. Wensly James Hodson, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), I. A., Burma 1885-8, Chin-Lushai 
1889-90, Chitral Relief, Dongola, N.W. Frontier 
1897-8, and China, now Insp.-Gen. of Supply and 
Transpt. "Westn. Comd. India: b. 1854. Bes., 
Poona, Bombay. 

BOND, Maj .-Gen. William Dunn, C.B. (Mil. 
1886) , Zululd. i879,Transvaal 1881 , retired 1893 : b. 
1836. Bes., Dullerton, Londonderry. 

BONHAM, Baronet. Sir George Francis 
Bonham, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1852), M.A., Brit. Min. 
in Switzerld., prev. Servia, late Sec. to Embs. at 
Rome and Madrid and to Legat. at the Hague 
and Lisbon: son of 1st Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1863, 
mar. 1871 Louisa, dau. of Rt. Hon. Sir And. 
Buchanan, 1st Bt., G.C.B. Heir, his son Capt. 
George Lionel B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Eric ;Henry, b. 1875). Seat, Knowle, Cranleigh, 
Guildford ; res., Brit. Legat., Berne. 

BONHAM, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1906), Hon. 
Col. Bengal Artill. retd. : b. 1834. Bes., Ballin- 
taggart, Co. Kildare, Colbinstown S.O. 

BONSER, Pbiv. Counc. and Knight. Rt. Hon. 
Sir John Winfield Bonser, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
Kt. Bach. (1894), M. A., lateCh. Justice of Ceylon, 
prev. of Straits Settmts., where he had been 
Attom.-Gen., was formerly an Inns of Ct. 
Examiner, is a memb. of Judic. Cmttee. of P.C. : 
b. 1847, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, Mary Catherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hon. Sir Wm. J. Colville, 
K.C.V.O., bro. of 9th Bn. Colville of Culross. 
Bes., 3 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BONTLNE (GRAHAM-), Hon. Mrs. William, 
sist. of 14th Bn. Elphinstone. 

BONUS, Lt.-Col. William John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), comg. 2nd Batt. Dorset Regt. ; S. Africa 
1899-1902, late D.A.A.G. Belfast Dist. : b. 1862. 

BONYTHON, Knight. Sir John Langdon 
BonytTion, Kt. Bach. (1898), proprietor of the 
Adelaide Advertiser and other journals, Pres. S. 
Austral. Sch. of Mines and of 8. Austral. Branch 
of Roy. Geograph. Soc, late Chmn. of Govt. 
Agric. Coll. and of Adelaide Sch. Bd., a memb. of 
first House of Repres. of Austral. Commonwealth 
(re-el. unopposed) : b. 1848, mar. 1870 Marie 
Louise Frederica, dau. of D. F. Balthasar, Esq., 
of Berlin. Bes., Carclew, Adelaide; Carminow, 
Mount Lofty, S.A. 

BOOKEY, CoL John Thomas Brownrigg, 
(Mil. 1900-1), I;M;Si retdi (1905) ; Jowaki and 
other Ind. campaigns 1877-97, China 1900-1, 
Mahsud Wasiri 1902, late Princ. Med. Oft'r. at 
Kohat : b; 1846. 

BOON, Capt. George, D.S.O. (1900-1), E. Kent 
Regt., late Qmr. and Hon. Capt. ; Malay States 
1874-5, S. Africa 1900-1: b. 1846. Bes., The 
Homestead, Westbere, Canterbury. 

BOORD (pron. as Board), Baronet. Sir 
(Thomas) William Boord, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1896), 
V.D., F.S.A., partnerin the firm of Boord & Son, 
distillers, a Gov. of St. Barthol.'s Hosp., a Dir. of 
Lond. and Prov. Bk., and memb. of Roy. Inst., 
anM.P. 1873-95 (0.) and retd. Capt. 1st Vol. Batt. 
King's Roy. Rifle Corps : son of the late Joseph 
Boord, Esq., of Harefleld Grove; b. 1838, mar. 
1861 Margaret d'Almaine, dau. of the late Thos. 
G. Mackinlay, Esq. Heir, his son William 
Arthur (b. 1862; 2nd heir, next son, Harry 
Percy, b. 1868). Seat, Oldbury PI., Ightham, 

BOOTH, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Charles 
Booth, P.C. (Gt.Br. 1904), D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S., 

F. R.S.S. (late Pres.), an authority on the con- 
dition of the poor, a subject upon -which he has 
written many works ; a partner in Alfred Booth 
and Co., ship-owners, Liverpool : b. 1840, mar. 
1871 . Bes., Gracedieu Manor, Leic. (? post-town) ; 
24 Gt. Cumberland PL, W. 

BOOTH, Maj . William Henry, D.S.O. (1900-1) , 
E. Kent Regt. retd.; S. Africa 1899-1900 as 
A.D.C. : b. 1862. 

BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet. Sir Josslyn 
Augustus Richard Gore-Booth, 6th Bt. (Irel. 
1760), formerly Lieut. 5th Batt. Roy. Munst. Fus. 
(Mil.) : son of 5th Bt., b. 1869, sue. 1900, mar. 
1907 Mary L 'Estrange, dau. of Rev. Savile L'E. 
Malone. Heir pres., his bro. Mordaunt (b. 1878 ; 
2nd heir, their 1st cous. once rem., Robert Henry 

G. -B., b. 1838). Seat, Lissadell, nr. Sligo. 
BOOTH (GORE-), Baronet's Widow. Lady 

G.-B. (Georgina Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. 
Chas. J. Hill), mar. 1867 Sir Henry W. Gore- 
Booth, 5th Bt. (d. 1900). Bes., with present Bt. 

BOOTH (SCLATER-), family name of Basing 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BOOTHBY, Baronet. Sir Brooke Boothby, 
11th Bt. (Eng. 1660, desig. 1644), Brit. Min. Plen. 
in Chile, prev. Counc. of Emb. at Vienna and of 
Legat. at Brussels, formerly at ToMo and Rio, 
and 2nd Sec. in Brit. Emb. Paris : son of 10th Bt., 
b. 1856, sue. 1865. Heir pres., his bro. Charles 
Francis (b. 1858 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Rev. 
Herbert Cecil B., b. 1863). Res., Brit. Legat., 
Santiago, Chile. 

BOOTHBY, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Martha Serena, dau. of the late Rev. Chas. 
Boothby), mar. 1852 her 1st cousin, Rev. Sir 
Brooke Wm. R. Boothby, 10th Bt. (d. 1865). 
Bes., 43 Medina Villas, Hove, Brighton; 18 
Evelyn Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BOOTHBY, Josiah, C.M.G. (1878), formerly 
Under Sec. and Govt. Statist, S. Australia: b. 
1837. s e s -> 15 8 Barnard St., Nth. Adelaide. 

BOPPE, Lucien, CLE. (1885), Hon. Dir. of Sch. 
of Forestry at Nancy, France : b. 1834. 

BOR, Col. James Henry, C.M.G. (1899), 
A.A.G. to R.M. ; various services in Crete, 
Bombay, and Cyprus, and as a Turk. Interp., is 
an A.D.C. to H.M., and was A.D.C. to H.R.H. 
the present Prince of Wales during his Colonial 
tour, now an Extra Equerry : b. 1857. Bes., 60 
Inverness Terr., Bayswater, W. 

160 BOB, 

Directory of Peerage^ 


BORDEN, Knight. Hon. Sir Frederick 
William Borden, K.C.M.G. (1902). M.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., Minister of Militia and Defence for 
Dominion of Canada, Hon. Col. Canad. Mil. 
Array Med. Corps and a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. 1847, mar. 1884, 2nd wife, Bessie B., 
dau. of Jno. H. Clarke, Esq. Res., Stradacona 
Hall, Ottawa ; Canning, Is ova Scotia. 

BOREEL, Baronet. Sir Jacob Willem 
GtiSTAAP Boreel, 10th Tit." {Eng. 1645), Burgo- 
master of Haarlem and Chamberlain to the 
Queen of the Netherlds. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, 
sue. 1883, mar. 1898, 2nd wife, Cornelie Marie, 
dau. of H. M. van Weede, Chambn. to the late 
King of Holland. Heir pres., his 2nd cous. 
Alfred Montalto B. (b. 1849 ; 2nd heir, latter' s 
nephew Francis William Robert B., b. 1882). 
Res., Waterland, Velsen, Nth. Holland. 

*#* The pedigree of this line has been omitted to be 
registered, but ' Burke 'gives it complete and accepts the 
above Bt. without demur. 

BORINGDON, Baron {Gt. Br. 1784)— see 
" Morley, E. of." 

BORINGDON, Viscount {U.K. 1815), a title 
of E. of Morley, borne by the heir when a son. 

BORRADAILE, Col. George William, C.B. 
(Mil. 1882), R.A., Egyptian Campaign 1882, ret. 
1894, was A.A.G. Bombay 1884-9 : b. 1838. Ad- 
dress, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., Charinsr Cross, S.W. 

BORRADAILE, Lt.-Col. Harry Benn, D.S.O. 
(1895), I. A., Burma 1885-9, Sikkim, and Chitral 
Relief : b. i860. 

BORRETT, Maj.-Gen. Herbert Charles, C.B. 
(Civ. 1902), Abyss. 1867-8, late Insp.-Gen. of 
Auxil. Forces and Recruiting at Headqr*., ret. 
1963 : b. 1841. Res., Lancaster Rd., Bath Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BORROWES, Baronet. Sir Kildare Dixon 
Borrowes, 10th Bt. {Irel. 1646), a D.L. for Kildare 
(High Sheriff 1902), Lt.-Col. retd. (1895). formerly 
Maj. 11th Hussars, now of S. of Ireld. Imper. 
Yeom. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1898, mar. 
1886 Julia Aline, dau. of the late Wm. Holden, 
Esq., and sist. of Lady Ludlow. Heir pres., 
his bro. Eustace (b. 1866; 2nd heir, their half- 
bro. Walter, b. 1892). Seat, Barretstown Castle, 
Ballymore Eustace, Naas, Co. Kildare. 

BORROWES, Baronet's Widow. Florence, 
Lady B. (Florence Elizabeth, dau. of the late Wm. 
Ruxton,- Esq.), mar. 1887, as 2nd wife, Sir 
Erasmus D. Borrowes, 9th Bt. (d. 1898). Res., 
The Seasons, Ballymore Eustace, as above. 
"BORTHWICK, family name of Borthwick 
and Glenesk Baronies— see the former (below) for 

BORTHWICK, Baron. Archibald Patrick 
Thomas Borthwick, 17th Bn. {Scot.), a Scottish 
Repres. Peer (el. 1906): son of 16th Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 3, 1867; sue. 1885 (C.) ; mar. 1901 Susanna 
Mary, dau. of Sir Mark J. M'Taggart-Stewart, 
1st Bfc. Heir, none. Seats, Ravenstone Castle, 
Whithorn S.O., Wigtownsh. ; town res., 2 Upp. 
Grosvenor St. , W. 

.Creation. Ld. Borthwick, Scot. 1452.— Sir Wm. Borth- 
wick, Keeper of Edinburgh Castle, is given as the 1st 
Peer, and ' Burke ' relates of him that he was " promi- 
nent among the magnates who habitually plundered the 
Customs." * The Peerage has been more than once dor- 
mant through reluctance of the successors to assume the 
title. Recently it was a question whether it was open to 
female succession, but it never has been so held. We 
read in ' Burke.' " No instrument of creation is extant, 
but the investitures of the lands seem to have been to 
heirs male." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present {ljtli) Bn. : 

Hon. Isolde Frances B., b. 1903. 
Issue of\6th Bn. (sists. of present) 2 

Hon. Gabrielle Margaret Ariana B., b. i960. 
(Present Baron, b. 1867.) 

Hon. Alice Rachel Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 

Campbell, b. 1868, mar. 1893 Capt. Alex. Stratoft C. 

Res., Weasenham, Swaffham, Norfolk. 
Hon. Violet Dagmar Marion Olga, now Hon. Mrs. 

Lewis Freeland, b. 1871, mar. 1900 Capt. Lewis 

Grev F. Res., Moat House, Gestingthorpe, Castle 

Hedinghani S.O., Essex. 
Hon. Mary Prances Harriet, now Hon. Mrs.Chaloner 

Bowdall, b. 1876, mar. 1897 Harold Chaloneri)., Esq. 

Res., 28 Alexandra Drive, Liverpool. 

Dau. of 15th Bn. dejure (1st cousin of present, the 
15th and 16th having been bros.) : 
Hon. Mary Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. William Spens, 
b. 1846, mar. 1870 Wm. Geo. S., Esq. Res., 3 Bel- 
grave Pi., Edinburgh. 

BORTHWICK, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Harriet Alice, dau. of T. Hermitage 
Day, Esq.), mar. 1865 16th Bn. Borthwick (d. 
1885). Res., Ravenstone Castle, with the Peer. 

BORTHWICK, Master of, title of heir to 
above Barony when a son. 

BORTHWICK, Lt.-Col. Alexander, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1903), Ch. Const, of the Lothians and 
Peebles-sh., late Rifle Brigade : b. 1839. Res., 35 
Palmerston PI., Edinburgh. 

BORTON, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Caroline Mary Georgina, dau. of Rev. Jn-\ F. 
Close), mar. 1850 Gen. Sir Arth. Borton, G.C.B., 
formerly Gov. of Malta (d. 1893). i?es.,io5 Eaton 
PL, S.W. 

BORTON, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), Norfolk Regt.retd. ; Afgtan. 1879-80, Burma 
1887-9, and S: Africa 1901-2, now comdg. Norfolk 
Vol. Inf. Brigade : b. 1857. 

BORWICK, Knight. Sir Robert Hudson 
Borwiclc, Kt. Bach. (1902), b. 1845, mar. 1872 
Caroline Smith, dau. of Rev. R. D. Johnston, 
of Kurnool, India. Res., Eden Lacy, Lazonby 
S.O., Cumbd. ; 16 Berkeley Sq., W. 

BOSANQUET, Knight (1). Adm. Sir Dav 
Hort Bosanquet, G.C.V.O. (1907), K.C.B. (Mil. 
1905), a D.L. for Herefordsh., Com.-in-Ch. at 
Portsmouth, prev. on E. Indies and N. American 
Stations : b. 1843, mar. 1881 Mary, dau. of Col. 
Thos. B. Butt. Res., Admiralty House, Ports- 
mouth ; Brom-v-Clos, Hereford. 

BOSANQUET, Knight (2). Sir Frederick 
Albert Bosanquet, Kt. Bach. (1907), K.C. (1882), 
Common Serjeant of London, prev. Recorder of 
Worcester and of Wolverhampton : b. 18— . Res'., 
12 Grenville PL, S. Kens., S.W. ; chamb., 3 Paper 
Bdgs., Temple, E.C. 

BOSCAWEN, family name of Falmouth Vis- 
county, q.v. for " Hons. " and " Ladies" (mrrd.). 

BOSCA WEN-ROSE, Baron {Gt. Br. 1720) 
—see " Falmouth, Vise." 

BOSE-see " Bipin." 

BOSTON, Baron. George Florance Irlv, 
6th Bn. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., a D.L. for 
Anglesey, formerly a Lord-in- Waiting to Queen 
Victoria : son of 5th Bn. ; b. Sept. 6, i860 ; sue. 1877 
{Indep.) ; mar. 1890 his cousin Cecilia Constance, 
dau. of the late Hon. Aug. A. F. Irby, son of the 
3rd Bn. Seats, Hedsor, Bourne End S.O., Bucks. ; 
Lligwy, Moelfre, Anglesey, Menai Bridge S.O. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1704 ; Bn. Boston, Gt. Br. 1761. 
—Sir Wm. Irby, 2nd Bt., M.P. for Launceston and 
Bodmin, was the 1st Bn. ; he afterwards held several 
high offices about the Court. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BOU 161 

Titled Relatives. 

j Surviving issue of $th Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Cecil Saumarez /.,heir pres. to Barony, formerly 
Capt. 7th Batt. King's Roy. Rifle Corps (Mil.) : 
b. 1862, mar. 1885 Florence Augusta, dau. of the late 
Clement Upton-Co ttrell-Dormer, -Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 
Cecil /.). Res., Hitcham Grange, Taplow, Maiden- 
head, (and heir, his son Greville Northey, b. i88q. ) 

Hon. Alice Fanny Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. Gordon 
i Deedes, b. 1863, mar. 1890 Gordon Freda D., Esq. 

Res., Hillhurst, Hythe, Kent. 

Hon. Gilbert Neville /., late Hon. Attache" in Diplom. 
Serv. and Lieut. 1st Argyll Vols.: b. 1864, mar. 
1891 Esme, dau. of the late Geo. O. Edwards, 
Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Gilbert /.). Res., Glenaethwy 
Bangor, Carnarvs. 

Hon. Winifred Mary, now Hon. Lady Johnston, b. 
1871. max*. 1896 Sir Harry H.Johnston, G.C.M.G., 
see ''Johnston, Kt. (1)." 

Issue of 4th Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Rachael Fanny Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 

Vansittart, b. 1831, mar. 1857 the late Aug. Artb. 

V., Esq. (d. 1882). 
(The late 5th Baron, b. 1837, d. 1877.) 

Issue 0/ 3rd Bn. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1802, d. 1869.) 
Rev. the Hon. Llewellyn Charles Robert 7., M.A., 

late Rect. of AVhiston : b. i32z, mar. 184s Margaret 

Emily, dau. of the late Jonathan Bullock, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. Llewellyn /.). Res., Irby House, 

Whiston, Northampton. 

— D au. -in-law : e 

Hon. Mrs. Augustus I. (Jessie Augusta, dau. of Sir 
• , Thos. Montgomery-Cuninghame, 8th Bt.), mar. 
■ ' 1866 the late Hon. Augustus Anthony Frederick /. 
(d. 1870). Res., 5 Queen's Gdns., Osborne Rd., 

BOSTON, Barons' Widows. (1) Caroline, 
Lady B., nee Hon. Caroline Amelia Saumarez, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, b. 1839, mar. 1861, 
as 2nd wife, 4th Bn. Boston, grandfather of present 
■Peer (d. 1869), she herself being step-mother 
of the 5th Bn., who mar. her sist. the follg. Bes., 
Villa St. Raphael, Tankerton, Whitstable S.O., 
Kent.— (2) Augusta Caroline, late Baroness, but 
now adopting the style of "Hon. Lady Ander- 
son," sist. of above Lady B. and mother of 
present Bn. : see " Anderson, Kts.' Wids." 

BOSWALL (HOUSTOUN-), Baronet. Sir 
George Lauderdale Houstoun - Bosivall, 3rd 
Bt. {U.K. 1836),- a D.L. and Convener for Ber- 
wicksh., late Capt. Gren. Gds. : son of 2nd Bt., 
b. 1847, sue. 1886, widower. Heir, bis son George 
Reginald, Lieut. Gren. Gds. (b. 1877 ;• 2nd heir, 
next son, Thomas Randolph, b. 1882). *■ Seats, 
Blackadder, EdromS.O., Berwieksb. ; Allanbank, 

BOSWELL, Maj.-Gen. John James, C.B. (Mil. 
1881), Miranzai 1856, Mutiny, Eusofzai, Hazara 
1868, Afghn. 1878-80, ret. 1885 and is Col. 
57th Sikhs: b. 1835. Bes., Damlee, Melrose, 

BOTETOURT, Baron {Eng. 1305, confirmed 
1803)— see " Beaufort, D. of." 

BOTHA, Priv. Cousc: Rt. Hon. Gen. Louis 
Botha, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1907), LL.D., Prem. of 
Transvaal, a leading Commander of the Boers in 
the late war. . ' \ — s 

BOTREAUX, Baron {Eng. 1369), Imper. title 
of E. of Loudoun. 

BOTTESFORD, Baron {U.K. 1835)— see 
"Canterbury, Vise." 

BOTTOMLEY, Lt.-Col. Herbert, C.M.G, 
1 (1901), comdgl Imper. Lt. Horse in S. Africa 
1 1899-1901 : b. 1866. Bes., Johannesburg. 

BOUCAUT, Knight. Hon Sir James Penn 
Boucaut, K.C.M.G. (1898), late a Judge of Supr. 
Ct. S. Australia, formerly Attorney-Gen., three 
times Premier, and has twice admind. the Govt., 
appd. Q.G. 1875, an author: b. 1831, mar. 1864 
Janet, dau. of Alex. M'Culloch, Esq. Bes., Liver- 
pool Terr., Glenelg, Adelaide. 

BOUCHER, Antotne Alphonse, I.S.O. (1904), 
Assist. Clerk and Master in Chancery to Canad. 
Senate: b. 1831. Res., Ottawa. 

BOUCHER, Capt. Benjamin Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Hants. Regt. ; Burma'1887-9, Chitral 
Relief, and S. Africa 1899-1900, now Dep. Gov. of 
Parkhurst Prison, Newport, I.W. : b. 1864. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet. Rev. Sir George 
Boughey, 5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1798), Rect. of Forton, 
Salop : son of 3rd Bt. and bro. of 4th, b. 1837, sue. 
1906, mar. 1875 Theodosia Mary, dau. of Rev. 
Chas. S. Royds. Heir pres., his bro. "William 
Fletcher, Com. R.N. retd. (b. 1840 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Rev. Robert B., b. 1843). Seat, Aqua- 
late (Staffords.), Newport, Salop; res., Forton 
Rect., Newport, Salop. 

BOUGHEY, Baronet's Widow. Annabella, 
Lady B. (Sarah Annabella, dau. of the late 
Harold Littledale, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Thos. F. 
Boughey, 4th Bt. (d. 1906). 

BOUGHEY, Col. George Fletcher Ottley, 
C.S.I. (1896), R.E. retd. (1897); Bhutan 1865-6, 
and Afghn. 1879-80, has been a Commissr. under 
the Light Railways Act 1896 : b. 1844 (grandson of 
2nd Bt.). Bes., 60 Courtfield Gdns., S. Kens., 

BOUGHTON (ROUSE-), Baronet. Sir 
William St. Andrew Bouse-Boughton, 12th Bt. 
of Lawford {Eng. 1641) and 4th Bt. of Downton 
{Gt. Br. 1791) : son of 11th Bt., b,. 1853, sue. 1906, 
mar. 1878 Eleanor Frances, dau. of the late Rev. 
Fredk. H. Hotham, descendt. of 2ndBn. Hothatn. 
Heir, his son Edward Hotham (b. 1893 ; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Edward Shuckburgh, b. 1858). Seat, 
Downton Hall, Ludlow, Salop. 

BOULTON, Baronet. Sir Samuel Bagster 
Boulton, istBt. {U.K. 1905), F.R.G.S., A.I.C.E., 
a D.L. for Herts., a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
late Pres. of West Ham Chamb. of Commerce 
and Vice-Pres. of London ditto : son of the late 
Rev. Thos. Boulton, of S. Africa; b. -1830, 
widower. Heir, his son Harold Edwin, M.V.O., 
q.v. (2nd heir, latter's son Denis Duncan Harold 
Owen, b. 1892). Seat, Copped Hall, Totteridge, 
Whetstone, N. ... • - 

BOULTON, Maj. Charles Percy, D.S.O. 

1902) , B.A., Beds. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900^2 ; b. 1867. 

BOULTON. Harold Edwin, M.V.O. (4th Class, 

1903) , M. A., Hon. Manager or official in several 
charitable institutions, a Kt. of Grace St. John 
Jerus., Hon. Treas. to' Queen Victoria's Jubilee 
Inst, for Nurses, a Dir. of Burt, Boulton, and 
Hayward : b. 1859 (heir to above Btcy.). - Bes., 
167 Victoria St., S.W. 

BOURDILLON, Knight. Sir James Austin 
Bourdillon, K.C.S.I. U9°4), T-D., late M.L.C. 
Bengal (twice), also Ch. Sec. and Acting Lt.-Gov., 
has been Insp.-Gen. of Registration, &c, Com- 
missr. of Patna, and Lt.-Col. comdg. Calcutta Lt. 
Horse, late Resid. in Mysore and Ch. Commissr. 
of Coorg : b. 1848, mar. 1887 Mary Wake, dau. of 
Jno. M. Lowis, Esq. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BOURLNOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Isabelle, dau. of the late Jno. Cameron, Esq.), 
mar. 1889, as 3rd wife, Sir Jno. G. Bourinot, 
K.C.M.G., Clerk of the H. of Commons, Canada 


1 62 BOU Directory of Peerage, BOW 

(d. 1902). Res., Tyldesley PL, Ottawa; Kings- 

BOURKE (pron. Burk), family name of Mayo 
Earldom, q.v. for " Ladies " aDd " Hons." 

BOXJKKE, Col. George Deane, C.B. (Mil. 1907), 
Administr. Med. Offr., Southn. Comd. : b. 1852. 

BOURKE, Lt.-Col. Henry Beresford, D.S .0. 
(1894), late 3rd W. I. Regt. ; "West Africa 1892-4 
and 1898-g (Sierra Leone) : b. 1855 (gt. grandson 
of 4th E. of Mayo). Club, U . Serv. 

BOURNE, Baronet's Widow (r mrrd.)— see 
under " Ely, 3rd M." (now Lady Manon Wetter). 

BOURNE, Hugh Clarence, C.M.G. (1906), 
M.A., barrister-at-law, Colon. Sec. for Jamaica, 
prev. Registr -Gen. and Acting Judge of Supr. 
Ct., Trinidad : b. 1858. Res., The Priory, Nth. 
Kingston, Jamaica. 

BOUSFIELD, Knight. Sir William BousfieU, 
Kt. Bach. (1905), M.A.,Hon. LL.D., barrister-at- 
law, Chmn. of Girls' Pub. Day Schools Trust and 
of Technolog. Dept. of City and Guilds Inst., late 
Master of Clothworkers' Co., formerly Pres. of 
the Central Poor Law Confs. for Engl, and Wales? 
b. 1842, mar. 1870 Blanche Isabel, dau. of the 
late Lt.-Col. Arthur W. Onslow, son of 2nd Bt. 
Res., Fairfield, Gt. Bookham, Leatherhead ; 20 
Hyde Pk. Gate, S.W. 

(1902), Natal Vols, retd., an advocate of Supr. Ct. 
of Cape and Natal; Zululd. 1879-80 and Boer 
Wars 1881 and 1899-1902: b. 1863. Res., St. 
Andrews St., Durban. 

BOUTFLOWER, Bishop— see "Dorking." 

BOUVERIE (PLEYDELL-,) family name of 
Radnor Earldom, q.v. for " Ladies" and 

BOVELL, Knight. Sir Henry Alleyne 
Bovell, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.B., Ch. Justice Brit. 
Guiana, prev. Attorn. -Gen., an M.L.C. of Bar- 
bados 1883 and Chanc. of the Dioc. 1886, appd. 
Q,.C. 1887 : b. 1854. Res., Surrey House, George- 
town, Demerara. 

BOVILL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anna, 
dau. of Rev. Jno. T. White, D.D.) , mar. 1876 Hon. 
Sir Elliot C. Bovill, Ch. Just. Straits Settmts. 
(d. 1893) . Res. , 97 Linden Gdns., Notting Hill, W. 

BOVILL, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 

BO WATER, Knight. Sir Thomas Van sitt art 
Bowater, Kt. Bach. (1906), Sheriff of London in 
year of promotion, an Aid. and Lieut, for the 
City, memb. of a firm of agents for paper-makers : 
b. 1862, mar. 1887 Emily Margaret, dau. of 
J. Spencer, Esq. Res., Fritton Lodge, Hastings, 
and Fritton Lodge, Woodside Grn., S.E. 

BOWDEN, Flt.-Surg. Walter, D.S.O. (1894), 
R.N., L.R.C.P., Gambia 1894, in Nav.Med. Serv. 
from 1887 : b. 1859. 

BOWDLER, Col. Cyril William Bowdler 
(name doubled), C.B. (Civ. 1902), late 8th Hus- 
sars., a Kt. of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1839. 
Club, Army and Navy. 

BOWDON (BUTLER-), Hon. Mrs. Lancelot, 
dau. of the late Bnss. Grey de Ruthyn. 

BOWELL, Knight. Hon. Sir Mackenzie 
Bowell, K.C.M.G. (1895) , F.R.C.I.,a P.C.of Canada 
(1878), late Prime Min., and has been Min. 
of Customs, Defence, Trade, &c. ; formerly a 
journalist and printer, served as a vol. during 
Fenian outbreak, and retired as Lt.-Col., is ed. 
and proprietor of Belleville Daily Intelligence: b. 
1823, widower. Res., Belleville, Ontario. 

BOWEN Barony {Life Peerage, U.K. 1893)— 
extinct from death of only Bn. in 1894. 


Rev. the Hon. William Edward B., M.A., b. 186a, 
mar. 1890 Catharine Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. Canon 
Morse (Hon. Mrs. Bowen). Res., Glenheadon, 
Totland Bay S.O., I. of Wight ; 119 Barkston Gdns., 
Earl's Ct., S.W. 

Hon. Maxwell Steele B., late Lieut. Sherwood 
Foresters (Mil.), b. 1865. Res., Bramshott, LijShook 
S.O., Hants. 

Hon. Ethel Kate, now Hon. Mrs. Josiah Wedgwood, 
b. 1869, mar. 1894 Josiah W., Esq. 

BOWEN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Florence, dau. of the late Rev. Thos. Luby, 
D.D., and widow of Rev. Hy. White), mar. 1896, 
2nd wife to 2nd husb., Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. Fergu- 
son Bowen, G.C.M.G., formerly Gov. of Queens- 
land and other Colonies (d. 1899) . Res. , 16 Lowndes 
St., S.W. 

BOWEN, Maj. Charles Otway Cole, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.E., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1867. 

BOWEN, Capt. Gerald Christopher, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Roy. Munst. Fus. ; Boer War 1899- 
^1902 : b. 1864. 

BOWEN, Capt. Harry James Ap-Owen, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), S. Africa with Kimberley Light 
Horse 1900 : b. 1868. 

BOWEN, Paym.-in-Ch. William Herbert, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), R.N. retd., late of H.M.'s 
yachts : b. 1843. Res., 32 Maidstone Rd., Chatham. 

BOWER, Knight. Sir Graham John Bower, 
K.C.M.G. (1892), Colon. Sec. of Mauritius 
(admind. Govt, three times), Com. R.N. retd., was 
Imper. Sec. to High Commissr. for S. Africa 1884 : 
b. 1848, mar. 1882 Maud Laidley, dau. of Jas. S. 
Mitchell, Esq., of Syduey. Res., Port Louis, 

BOWER, Maj. Robert Lister, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Capt. and Hon. Maj. King's Roy. Rifle Corps 
(Mil.) ; Egypt 1882, Soudan, Nile, Jebu 1892, now 
Ch. Const. N. Riding : b. i860. Res., The West 
House, Thirsk, Yorks. 

BOWERS, Bishop— see " Thetford." 

BOWERS, Capt. Dillon Ald worth Hare, 
D.S.O. (1902), Cape Mtd. Rifles; Boer War 
1900-2: b. 1870. Res., King William's Town, 
Cape Col. 

BOWES, Baron ( U.K. 1887), Imper. title of E. 
of Strathmore andK. (f am. name Bowes-Lyon). 

BOWKER, Capt. William James, D.S.O. 
(1899), Somerset L.I. ; Benin 1899, empld. in 
Roy, Niger Territs. : b. 1869. 

BOWLBY, Anthony Alfred, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
F.R.C.S., a Surg, in Ord. to H.M.'s Househd., 
was Head, of the Portland Hosp. in S. Afr. War 
1900, author of several med. works : b. 1855. Res., 
24 Manchester Sq., W. 

BOWLES, Col. Henry, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late 
Yorks. Regt. ; Nile 1884-5, Tirah 1897-8, and 
S. Africa 1899-1901, late A.A.G. at Headqrs. : 
b. 1854. Club, U. Serv. 

BOWLING, Paym.-in-Ch. Thomas Henry 
Lovelace, C.B. (Mil. 1907), R.N. retd.; Mutiny. 

BOWMAN, Baronet. Sir (William) Paget 
Bowman, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1884), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, Regist. of Corp. Sons of Clergy and Treas. 
of Cholmondeley Charities: son of 1st Bt., b. 
1845, sue. 1892, mar. 1870 Emily Frances, dau. 
of the late Capt. Wm. Swabey, R.A. Heir, his 
son Rev. Paget Mervyn B. (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son J ohnPaget, b. 1904) . Res. , J oldwynds, 
Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking; Corporation 
House, 2 Bloomsbury PI., W.C. 

BOWMONT and CESSFORD, Marquess of 
{Scot. 1707), a title of the Roxburghe Dukedom, 

BOW Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BOY 163 

borne ("M. of Bowmont" only) by the heir when 
a son. 

BOWRING, Baronet. Sir "William Benjamin 
Bowring, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1907), a ship-owner of 
Liverpool, formerly Lord Mayor and a memb. of 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Bd., lately presented 
the Roby Hall Estate to the city : son of the late 
Chas. T. Bowring, Esq., b. 1837, mar. 1863 Isabel 
M'Lean J amis. No hsir. lies., Beechwood, 
Grassendale, Liverpool. 

BOWRING, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Violet 
Camilla, dau. of Saml. Ball, Esq.), mar. 1872 Sir 
Clement Bowring, Kt. Bach. (d. 1907). Bes., 
Park Gra nge, Derby. 

BOWRING, Edgar Alfred, C.B. (Civ. 1862), 
formerly an M.P., and Libr. and Regist. to Bd. of 
Trade : b. 1826. Bes., 5 Lewes Cresc., Brighton ; 
30 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BOWRING, Col. Frederick Thomas Nelson 
Spratt, C.B. (Mil. 1904), F.R.G.S., F.G.S., R E. 
retd. (1904) ; Afghn. 1878-80, Burma 1886-7, China 
1900 : b. 1847. 

BOWRING, Lewin Bentham, C.S.I. (1867), 
formerly Ch. Commissr. of Mysore and Coorg, 
Priv. Sec. to Earl Canning 1858-62 : b. 1824. 
Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

~BOWYER, Baronet. Sir George Henry 
Bowyer, 9th Bt. of Denham {Eng. 1660) and 5th 
Bt. of Radley {Gt. Br. 1794), late Lieut. 4th Batt. 
Chesh. Regt. (Mil.) : son of the late Hy. G. 
Bowyer, Esq., and nephew of 7th and 8th Bts. ; 
b. 1870, sue. 1893, mar. 1899 Ethel, dau. of the late 
Fras. Hawkins, Esq., from whom he (1900) obtd. 
a divorce. Heir pres. to Baronetcy of 1660, a (3rd) 
cousin, Lt.-Col. Wentworth Grenville Atkins- 
Bowyer (b. 1850; 2nd heir, latter's son George 
Edward Wentworth, b. 1886; no heir to the 
I Radley Btcy.). Bes., 1 Clarendon Cresc, Leam- 

BOWYER, Hon. Mrs. Edward, dau. of present 
Vise. Cross. 

BOXALL, Baron. Alleyne Alfred Boxall, 
1st Bn. {Saxe-Coburg 1900), Commander of the 
Saxe-Ernestine Coburg Family Order, formerly 
Personal Solic. to the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg 
(Duke of Edinburgh, K.G.) : son of the late Wm. 
P. Boxall, Esq., of Brighton and Cowfold : b. 1855, 
mar. 1881 Mary Elizabeth, dau. of the late Jas. H. 
Lermitte, Esq. Heir, his son Alleyne Percival 
I - (b. 1882; 2nd heir, next son, Caryl Lermitte, b. 
1888). Bes., 14 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk., W. 

*•* This creation was designed by H.R.H. the late 
I I Reigning Duke, and carried out by his successor. Is 
I authorised by the Crown for use in this country by 
< I the grantee and his heirs male. 

I ! BOXALL, Knight. Col. Sir Charles Gervaise 
! Boxall, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), V.D., Hon. Col. (late 
Lt.-Col. comdg. ) 1st Sussex Vol. Artill., organised 
City Imper. Vols, and demonstrated with first 
j armoured train on Engl, rails : b. 1852, mar. 1879 
Eugenie, dau. of Hy. Wyles, Esq. Bes., Battle- 
I mead, Maidenhead, Berks. 

BOYALL, Capt. Alfred Morey, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Yorks. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
1 now a 1st class Station Offr . in Ind. Northn. Comd. : 
b. 1877. Bes., Mooltan, India, 
i I BOYCE, Knight. Prof. Sir Rubert William 
\Boyce, Kt. Bach. (1906), M.B., F.R.S., Prof, of 
j Pathol, in L'pool Univ. and one of the public 
, analysts for the city, a memb . of the Roy. Commssn. 
on Tuberculosis: b. 1864, widower. Bes., Park 
1 I Lodge, Lodge Ln., L'pool. 
1 BOYCE, Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 1899), C.E., 
was Princ. Surveyor of Consular Bdgs. 1877-1900, 

formerly in like posts in China and Japan : b. 
1834. Bes., Ee-Yuan, Hampton Wick, Kingston- 

BOYCE, Maj. William George Bertram, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), A.S.C., S. Africa 1899-1900, prev. 
Staff-Capt. Cork Dist. : b. 1868. 

BOYCOTT (WIGHT-), Lt.-Col. Thomas 
Andrew, D.S.O. (1902), Maj. Staffords. Imper. 
Yeom., late Lt.-Col. 27th Batt. ; S. Africa 1900-2 : 
b. 1872. Bes., Rudge Hall, Pattingham, Wolver- 

BOYD, Knight. Hon. Sir John Alexander 
Boyd, K.C.M.G. (1901 ; Kt. Bach. 1899), M.A., 
LL.D., Pres. of High Ct. of Ontario, a Gov. of 
M'Master Univ., appd. Q.C. (Can.) 1880: b. 
1837, mar - *863 Elizabeth, dau. of David Buchan, 
Esq. Bes., 119 Bloor St., Toronto. 

BOYD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Isabella, 
dau. of the late Jno. Lawson, Esq., W.S.), mar. 
1853 Sir Jno. Boyd (d. 1893). Bes., Maxpoffle, 
St. Boswells S.O., Roxb. 

BOYD, Charles Walter, C.M.G. (1904), Joint 
Sec. to the Rhodes Trust : b. 1869. Bes., 2 Down 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

BOYD, Francis Darby, C.M.G. (1900-1), M.D., 
F.R.C.P.E., Phys. to Deaconesses' Hosp. Edin- 
burgh, was head of the Edinburgh Hosp. in Boer 
War 1900 : b. 1866. Bes., 22 Manor PL , Edinburgh. 

BOYD, Capt. Gerald Farrell, D.S.O. (1902), 
Leinster Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1877. 

BOYD, Col. John Alexander, C.B. (Mil. 1897), 
A.S.C. retd. (1900) ; S. Africa 1879-81, Nile 1884-5, 
late aD.A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs. : b. 1857. Bes., 20 
Sunderld. Terr., Westbourne Gdns., W. 

BOYD, Lady Lilian Adelaide Katherine 
Marv, dau. of 2nd E. of Munster. 

BOYD (ROCHFORT-),Col. Charles Augustus, 
C.M.G. (1901), R.E. retd. (1903); Egypt 1882, S. 
Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1850. Bes., Selhurst, Sth. 
Farn boro ugh, Hants. 

BOYES, Knight, Vice-Adm. Sir George 
Thomas Henry Boyes, K.C.B. (Mil. 1906), R.N. 
retd. 1898, served in Black Sea and Egypt and was 
Ch. Nav. Offr. at Hong Kong 1893-6, aftds. Dir.- 
Gen. of Nav. Transpts. : b. 18— , mar. 1874 Louisa 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Col. Jno. H. E. Ridley. 
Bes., 79 Belgrave Rd., S.W. 

BOYES, Maj. -Gen. John Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), Col. Arg. and Suthd. Highldrs. ; Egypt 
1882-4, Soudan, Nile 1884-5, S. Africa 1899-1900 
(comdg. a Brigade), ret. 1904 : b. 1843. Bes., The 
Holt, Appledore S.O., Devon. 

BOYLE, family name of Cork and Orrery, 
Glasgow, and Shannon Earldoms. Index to the 
three lines and below : 

Hn. Alan Reg. g. Ly. Helen, s. Hn. Mrs. Richd. c. 
Hn. Alex. Jas. g. Ly. Helen Jane, g. Hn. Mrs. Rob. Ed. c 
Hn. Alg. D. E. H. s.Hn. Henry Geo. s. Hn. Rob. Elph. o. 
Hn. Edwd. S. H. s.Hn. James, g. Hn. Rob. Fras. s. 
Ly. Eliz. M. G. g. Hn. Jno. Dav. g. Hn. Rob. Hy. s. 
Hn.Elphin8tone,G.Hn. Lascelles, c. Hn. Rob. J. L. c. 
Hn. Douglas, s. Ly. Mary Helen,G. Hn. Spencer, s. 
Hn. Mrs. Edmd. c. Ly. Muriel L.Di. G.Hn.Walt. J. H. s. 
Ly. Florence, sep. Ly. Mur., Kt.Wd.Hn. Wm. Geo. c. 

BOYLE, Baron {Gt. Br. 1711), Imper. title of 
the Cork and Orrery Earldom ; see compds. below. 

BOYLE, Baronet, Sir Edward Boyle, 1st Bt. 
{U.K. 1904), K.C. (1898), M.P. for Taunton (C), 
a Dir. of Lond. and Ind. Docks : son of the late 
Edwd. O. Boyle, Esq., C.E., b. 1849, mar. 1874 
Constance Jane, dau. of Wm. Knight, Esq. Heir, 
his son Edward Gurney (b. 1878; no 2nd heir). 
Seat, Ockham, Hurst 6m., Etchintrham S.O.. 
Sussex ; town res., 63 Queen's Gt., S.W. ; chamb., 
1 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

164 BOY Directory of Peerage, 


BOYLE, Knight. Sir (Charles) Cavkndish 
Boyle, K.C.M.G-. (1897), Gov. of Mauritius, late of 
Newfoundld., has been Lt.-Gov. British Guiana, 
Colon. See. Bermuda and Gibraltar, and held j 
office in Leeward Is. and Dominica, also in Ct. of 
Probate : b. 1849 (gt. grandson of 7th E. of Cork). 
Res., Govt. House, Port Louis, Mauritius ; Reduit, 
same Isld. 

BOYLE, Knight's Widow. Lady Muriel 
Sarah B. {nee Campbell), dau. of 2nd Earl 
Cawdor, b. 1845, mar - 1876 Sir CourtenayE. Boyle, 
K.C.B., Perm. Sec. to Bd. of Trade (d. 1901, bro. 
of preceding). lies., Ingleton, 86 Eeulah Hill, 
Norwood, S.E. 

BOYLE, Viscount {by courtesy), elder son and 
heir of E. of Shannon— see " Boyle of Bandon." 

BOYLE, Lady Florence Cecilia, dau. of 7th 
E. of Albemarle. 

BOYLE, Capt. James, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), 
Brit. Cons, for Madeira, late at Copenhagen, prev. 
A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay and Cons, for Texas, 
Greece, and Negropont : b. 1850. Res., Brit. 
Consulate, Funchal, Madeira. 

BOYLE, Col. Lionel Richard Cavendish, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late Lt.-Col. comdg. and 
Hon. Col. Inf. Batt. of Hon. Artill. Co., formerly 
Sub-Lieut. R.N. : b. 1851 (gt. grandson of 7th E. 
of Cork and 1st cous. of above Kt.). Club, 
Army and Navy. 

BOYLE, Richard Vicars, C.S.I. (1869), 
M.I.C.E., formerly in Pub. Works Dept. India, 
distinguished for defence of his house (Puekah 
House) at Arrah during Mutiny, was Chf . Engr. 
to Japan Govt. 1872-7, has practised also in Spam : 
b. 1822. lies., 3 Stanhope Terr., Hyde Park, W. 

BOYLE of BANDON, Viscount {Irel. 1756) — 
see " Shannon, E. of," and " Bovle, Vise." above. 

&c, Baron {Scot. 1699), also of Stewartoun, 
Cumbrae, &c. (1703) — see " Glasgow, E. of." 

BOYLE of KINALMEAKY, Viscount {Irel. 
1628)— see " Cork and O., E .of." 

BOYLE of MARSTON, Baron {Gt. Br. 1711), 
and of YOUGHAL {Irel. 1616)— see " Cork and 
0., E. of," and " Boyle, Bn. " above. 

BOYNE, Viscount. Gustavus Russell Hamil- 
ton-Russell, SthVisc. {Irel.), sits as Bn. Brancepeth 
{U.K.) ; a D.L. for Shropshire: son of 7th V. ; 
b. May 28, 1830; sue. 1872 (C.) ; mar. 1858 the 
late Lady Katharine Erances Scott, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Eldon (d. 1903). Seats, Brancepeth Castle, 
Brancepeth S.O., Co. Durham; Burwarton 
House, Bridgnorth, Salop ; town res., 16 Grosvenor 
Gdns., S.W. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Hamilton of Stackallan, 1715 
Vise. Boyne, 1717. U.K. : Bn. Brancepeth, 1866.— The 1st 
Peer wa