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27, DAVIES ST., 


Whilst our volume makes its appearance this year with a considerable 
exterior improvement, there is no very notable change to mention in respect 
of its interior contents. The only really new feature that it possesses consists 
in an addition of eighteen pages to the Introduction in the form of an ' ' Official 
Glossary," which, though not aiming at either profundity or completeness, may 
be trusted to provide some useful information to those who are not experts in 
the various departments of which it treats. For a number of the articles 
we are indebted to " Debrett's Dictionary of the Coronation," which was 
published in 1902. 

Also in the Introduction considerable attention has again been given to 
the "Historic Peerage" and " Baronetage," the former, besides undergoing 
complete revision, having received the benefit of a somewhat clearer form of 
display. Both of them, however, have been re-revised in every figure, in 
consequence of a courteous notice from Mr. Burke that he had made numerous 
corrections in his own great " Peerage." 

The occurrence of the recent great Episcopal Conference has furnished 
the opportunity for applying to the numerous Colonial and Missionary 
Prelates for some more complete information than we have hitherto possessed. 
Many of them have replied, and the further particulars have been duly 

The shower of new Honours continues to be profuse, and with this increase 
in the personnel of our subject the changes must increase proportionally, often 
to an extent with which it is a labour to keep pace. The number of Peers 
remains fairly stationary, but in some of the other ranks the growth is 
enormous. Two dormant Baronetcies have been resuscitated — those of 
Makgill and Speelman ; whilst the complications which have arisen in refer- 
ence to the late history of that of Mansel are fully detailed in the note under 
that name. 

V» r e have now only to return our usual thanks to our supporters, and to 
those whose communications have aided us in our work. The assistance thus 
rendered has been of material value in the production of the present volume, 
and it will be our constant aim to deserve the voluntary co-operation which 
has been hitherto so freely and fully accorded. 

November 18-30, 1908. 




List of Promotions and Creations • • 

Obituary xiii 

Abbreviations xv * 


The Sovereign . . . i 

Relatives of the Sovereign 3 

The Peerage and its Degrees (Bishops, 14 ; Classification, 18) . . 5 

The House of Lords . 18 

The Peerage outside of the House (Foreign Titles, 21) . . . 20 
Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives (Divorcees, 27) . . . .22 

The Rolls of the Three Peerages (Index, 33) 28 

Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Representative Peers 35 

Scottish and Irish Peers with Imperial Titles . . . . 3 6 

Historic Peerage . . . . . 38 

Peerages Extinct or Dormant since 1850 49 

The Privy Council 50 

The Baronetage . . 53 

Historic Baronetage 56 

Bannerets (or Knights Bannerets) 61 

The Knightage, Companionate, and Decorations . . . . 61 
Remarks on Native Eastern Names and Titles . . . .73 

Officers of Arms 75 

Precedence . . 76 

Official Glossary 79 

Remarks on Claimant Baronets, &c. . 97 

Description of Title-page . , . 97 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title 98 

Addresses of London Clubs ......... 100 

Cautions as to the Spelling of certain Titles and Names . .100 


H.M. King Edward VII., with Descendants and Relatives . . 102 

Index to the Royal Family .115 

Conspectus of the Royal Family .117 

Order of Succession to the Throne . . . . . . . 117 

Table of the Houses of George III. and Saxe-Coburg . . .118 
Marriage Alliances with Foreign Houses 120 


Plan of the Directory . . . . 124 

Roman Catholic Bishops 739 

Reformed Anglican Bishops 742 

Index to Seats and Residences in above 743 




Abeyance 12 

Accession of anew Sovereign... 3 

1 '• Accolade ".. 61 

Addressing Persons of Title ...98 

Adjutants 79 

Admiralty Court 79 

,, Lords of 79 

Admittance to Lords, Forms of 18 

Advocate, Lord 82 

Agents-General 79 

Agriculture, Boaid of 79 

Aides-de-Camp 79 

Albert Crown ix, 66 

Albert Medal, 72 ; see also 

" Victoria and Albert " 

Almoner, Grand 87 

Ambassadors 79 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2 

Archbishops 14 

Archers, Royal Co. of 93 

Arches, Court of : 79 

Armil or Armilla 2, 3 

Arms, 8 ; College of 75 

Army : Troops, 80 ; Commands, 

81 ; Indian and Colonial, 81 ; 

Officers, 81 ; Additional Note 

on 96 

Army Council 81 

Astronomers Royal ..' 81 

Attaches 82 

Attainder 7, 8 

Attorney-General 82 

Auditor-General, see " Comp- | 


Bankruptcy, Court of 82 

,, of a Peer 19 

Bannerets 61 

Barones Majores and Minores..2i 
Baronets, 53 ; succession of, 7, 
53 ; arms of, 8, 54 ; claimant, 
8. 53t 97 ; marriage of, 25 ; I 
widow of, 27; addressing of , 

54 ; precedence of 54, note 

Barons 11 

Bath, Order of the 65 

Bedchamber, Ladies and 

Women of ..- 82 

: " Beef -eaters," 96 ; also under 
" Yeomen." 
Bishops, 14; Suffragans, &C...17 
Black Rod, 63, 82 ; in Ireld. 64 
"Blood" and "Blood Royal" 5 

Body Guards '. ." 82 

" Brevet," see under " Armv " 81 

Butler, Chief .....83 

Cabinet, The 82 

Cap of Dignity or Mainten- 
ance 82, 97 

Census ( )ffice 82 

Chamberlain, Lord, of House- 
hold .. 89 

(treat 89 

Chancellor, Lord High ......19, 89 

,, of Duchy of Lan- | 

caster. 82 

,, of Exchequer 82 

Chancery, Court of • ••83 

Chapels 'Royal 83 

Chaplains, King's 83 

Charity Commissioners 83 

Church Estates Commissioners 83! 

Cinque Ports 83 

Civil Service 83 

Claimants, Remarks on 97 

Claims, Court of 85 

Classification of the Peerage ...18 
,. ,, Degrees(Lords)i8 

Clerk of the Cheque 83 

Coastguard .. 83 

Cockades 83 

Collars, singular custom. . .64, note 
Colleges, Naval and Military 84 

Colobium Sindonis 2 

Colonel Commandant 84 

Colonial "Hon.," usage as to 23, 

Colonies, Secretary for 84 

,, Agents-Gen. for ... 79 

Commander-in-Chief 84 

Commissary, 84; Bishop's ditto 17 
Commissioners, see respective 

Commons,not dissolved at death 
of a Sovereign, 3 ; origin of, I 
12 ; Irish Peers who have 
been members of, 6 ; Speaker 

Comptroller and Auditor-Gen. 85 
of Household . ..85 
„ of Lord Chamber- 
lain's Dept 85 

Consistory Courts 85 

Conspicuous Gallantry Medal . . .72 

,, Service Cross 72 

Constable, Lord High, Engld. 90 
,, „ ,, Scotld. 90 

,, of Tower 95 

Consul 85 

Cornwall, Duchy, 85 : title— see 

" Prince of Wales." 
Coronation Chair and Oath ...2, 3 

Coronets, 8; Note on 1—13 

Count, the term ! 10, not* 

Court Dress 85 

Courtesy, Lords by, 24 (also 

under Duke) ; their marriage 26 
Courts and Drawing-rooms 85 

" Cousin " of King 8—11 

Crosiers and Crosses 18 

Cross-pattee 2, 72 

Crown Colonies 23. note 

,, ,, Agents-Gen. for58 

Crown of India, Order of 71 

Crowns, various Royal ... 1 

Cupbearer, Chief— sec" Butler." 

" Curtana " 2 

Customs, Board of 85 

Custos Rotul rum 86 

Dalmatic Robe '3 

" Dame," a Baronet's Wife . . .54 

"Decreet of Ranking" 21 

" Defender of the -Faith " 1 

Deputy Lieutenant 86 

Descent of Nobility 6 

Distinguished Conduct Medal.. .72 
Distinguished Service Order ...71 
„ ( Medal 

(Indian) 73 

Divorcees 27, 98 

Dowager Ladies 27 

Drawi n g-rooms — see "Courts.' ' 

Dukes 8 

Durham, County Palatine 86 


Earls 9 

Ecclesiastical Commissioners ...86 

Courts 86 

Education, Board of 86 

Edward Medal 73 

Egyptian Titles 74 

Envoys— see "Ambassadors." 

Equerries 86 

Ermine 8, note 

Estates of Realm ... 86 

Excise" Department 86 

Exons — see " Yeomen." 

Extinct Peerages 40 

Faculties, Court of 86 

Falconer, Grand 87 

Female succession 6, 53 

Fisheries — see " Agriculture." 

Foreign Affairs, Sec. for 86 

Foreign Titles of Nobility, 21 ; 

prefixes — see under " De " in 

Friendly Societies Registry. . . 86 

Garter King of Arms 19, 63 

,, Order of 62 

Gentlemen-at-Arms 86 

Gentlemen Ushers 87 

George, St. (Order)— see " Mi- 
chael, St." 1 

Gold Sticks 87 

Golden Eagle and Spurs 2 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 24 

Great Seal 87 

Green Cloth. Board of 87 

,, Rod, Usher of 64 

Groom of Stole 87 

Groomsrin- Waiting ...87 

Hanover, Kings of, 1 ; Knights 

of 69 

Hat privilege 7 

Heir Apparent, &c 4 

. ,, of Peers 6 

" Heirs general " 7 

Heralds &c 75 

Heritable Master (.Scot.) 87 

High Commissioners 87 

Historic Baronetage 56 

., Peerage 38 

Home Secretary 87 

Hon. Colonel 87 

"Honourable," the term, 22; 

in Colonies 23, note 

"Hon. Lady" ........23, 26 

Homings, Keeper of 87 

"Ilk, Of that" 51 

Imperial Service Order 70 

Imperial titles held by Scottish 

l & Irish Peers 37 

Index to Peerage Rolls 33 

India, Sec. for, 87 ; Viceroy ...95 

Indian Dist. Serv. Medals 73 

,, Empire, Order of 68 

,, native titles 73 

Inland Revenue 87 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; of 

Peers, see under "Dukes," 

&c, and Note on Coronets. 

,, Return or retention of, 
88 ; see also under Orders. 

Inspector-General 88 

Investiture, 88 ; see also under 

"Dukes," &c. 

Index to Introduction. 


Ireland, Chief Sec. for I 

,, Lord Lieutenant, 88 ; for 
' ' Chancellor ' ' and "Stew- 
ard" see under these offi- 
cers for England. 

Irish Bishops 16 

„ Constabulary 93 

Irish Peers, 20, 36 ; elected, 35 ; 
do. in Commons, and remark 

on their titles 6 

Ivory rod 

Judge Advocate-General 

Justice, Lord Chief 

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 73 

"K.B." orig. Kt. of Bath. ..66, 70 

Keeper of Privy Purse I 

Kew Gardens ! 

Kingdom and its Rulers 

King's Advocate (& Proctor), 

see Admiralty." 
King's Bench, Court of, see 
" Lord Ch. Justice." 

King's Body Guards ! 

King's Champion 3 

Kings of Arms 75 

Knightage, early usages, 61 , 65 ; 
higher Orders restricted to 
nobles, 62; "additional" or 
" extras," 63, 66; antipathy 
to, 69 ; obsolete^ privilege of 

Baronet's eldest son 54 

Knights Bachelor, 69 ; the 

''accolade" ...61 

Knights' fees (feudal term) 12, 69 
„ ,, (money) abolished6g 
Laboratories, Govt., National 

& Physical 88 

"Lady," the term, 23, 25: re- 
tained by a Baronetess 54 

Ladies, Orders open to 62 

Ladies-in-Waiting 88 

Lancaster, Chancellor of Duchy82 

Lapsing of titles 7 

Larderer, Chief, see "Butler." 

League of Mercy 73 

Levers 88 

Lieutenant, Lords 90 

Lieutenant of Tower 88 

Lieutenants, Deputy (& Vice-) 86 
., of City of London 88 

Life Peers 20 

Local Government Board 89 

London County Council .... 89 
Lord Mayor, 90; Police, 92; 

Sheriffs 94 

"Lord," the term 22 

Lord Chief Justice 89 

Lord High Chancellor, 19, 89 ; 

of Ireland under ditto ....89 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 88 

Lord Justice-General, see " Ses- 
sions, Court of." 

Lord Mayor 90 

Lord of Session 21 

Lords, House of, composition 
18; forms of admittance, 
procedure, &c, 18, 19; order 
of calling, 28 ; Committee for 

privileges 85 

Lords-in- Waiting 90 

Lords Lieutenant of Counties... 90 

, , Ordinary , see " Sessions . ' ' 
Lunacy Commissioners 90 

PAGEl page 

Maids of Honour ...... 90J Plenipotentiary, Ministers, 91 ; 

Maltese Cross, 72 ; Peerages... 22] and see "Ambassadors." 

Mantles— King's, 2; Peers' 14 Police Porces (London) 92 

Marines, Eoyal .90 Poor Law Board, see "Local 

Marquesses .' 9 Government." 

Marriage of Peeresses, &c 25 Post Office 92 

Marshal, Earl 86 " Powdered " mantle 8 

"Master," heir of Scottish j Precedence, 76 ; Maltese 22 

Peer .24, 27 Premier, 93 ; obtaining Peeragen 

Master, Heritable (Scot.) 87 Premier Dukes, 8; Marquesses, 

„ of the Hor-e 90 9; Earls, 10; Viscounts, 11 ; 

,, ., „ Household 91 Barons, 13 ; Baronets 55 

„ ., ,, Rolls 91 j President of Council Lord 93 

Meteorological Office 91 

Metropolitan Water Board ... . 91 
Michael and Sb. George, Order 

of St ." 67 

Military Knights of Windsor. . .71 

,, Colleges 84 

Ministers Plenipotentiary 91 

Ministry 91 

Princes and Princesses 4, 5 

Princess Rayal 5 

Privileges of Peers 7 

Privy Council 50 

„ Purse, Keeper of 88 

,, Seal, Lord .90 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 19 

Public Buildings— see " Works." 

Miniver 8, note j Pursuivants 72 

Mint, Royal 91 Quartermaster 93 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 18 Queen, Consort of Reigning ... 3 

Missionary Bishops 17: Queen Consort and Dowager... 3 

" Mistress " applied to Scottish Quorum in Lords 19 

Peer's heiress 27 Record Office, Public 93 

Misti'ess of Robes 91 i Red Cross, Royal ...rf 72 

Mitres 18 Regalia of Sovereign 1 

Montfprt, Sir Simon de ...11, 38J Registrar-General 93 

note "Remainder" 7 

Morganatic marriage 27 Representative Peers 20, 35 

Motto of Garter 62 " Right Hon.," the term 23 

Mound (Orb) 2{ Ring, Ruby ....... 13 

Museums. &c 91 Robes, Note on '. 13 

National Debt Commissioners... 91 ! Rod — see "Green," "Scarlet," 

Nautical Almanac 91 & " White." 

Naval Colleges 84 Roll of the House of Lords, 28 ; 

Navy 91 1 Iniex to 33 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 10, notel Rolls, Master of 91 

Nobility, privileges of 7 Roman Catholic Peers 35 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of 55' Royal Family Surname 49 

Oath at Coronations, 3 ; on a j ,, Hanoverian Order 69 

Peer's accession, 19 ; legal, of j „ Irish Constabulary 93 

pur 7 ,, Marines Red Cross 72 

Observatory, Royal 92 ,, Victorian Order 68 

" Of," when used in titles 6 St. Edward's Chair, Crown and 

Official Peers 20 Staff 1,2 

Orb 2 St. John of Jerus., Order of ...71 

Order of Mercy 73 St. Michael and St. George, 

,, ,, Merit 70 Order of 67 

Ordnance Survey 92 St. Patrick, Order of 64 

Pages of Honour, &c. 92 Salford Hundred 93 

Parks, &c, Royal 92 Sasine Office 93 

Patent, Barons by 13 1 Scarlet Rod, Usher of 66 

,. Office 92 Sceptres 2 

Patrick, Order of St 64 "Scotch," the word objected 

Paymaster-General 92 

" Pearls " in coronets 9, 14 

Peculiars, Court of 92 

Peerage, General Remarks 5 

Peeresses, marriage of, 25 ; in 

own right 21 

Peers of Parliament, 6, 16 ; of 
England, Scot., Irel., &c, 6 ; 
trial of, 7 ; term implying 
" equals," 12 ; classifications 
of, 18 ; position as K.C.'s, 19 ; 
hereditary, life, official, and 

elected, 20 ; by courtesy 24 

Peers' Sons & Grandsons, 24 ; 
Widows, 27: relatives, no- 
menclature of .. 22 

Physicians, King's 92 

to ,...20, note 

Scotland, Secretary for 93 

, , Lord High Constable 90 

,, ,, Steward 90 

Scottish Peers, 20, 36; elected . . .35 

Sergeants at Arms 93 

Sessions, Court of, 93; Lords of 21 

Sheriffs of Counties 94 

„ City of London 94 

Signet, Writers to 94 

Silver Sticks 94 

" Sir " with a Peer's name 62 

Solicitor-General 94 

Somerset House 94 

Speaker ........ 94 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2 ; of 
Knights 61 


Promotions and Creations. 

Standard Bearer 94 

Stannaries g4 

Star of India, Order of 67 

Stationery Office.. 95 

Steward, Lord High. 7, 60; 

Ireland, under ditto 

„ Scotland 90 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Stone of Destiny 2 

Strawberry leaves 14 

Succession of Peers and Bts. ... 6 
Summons, Writ of, 12; of 

Peer's son to Lords ig 

Supertunica 2 

" Supporters " in arms 8 

Surgeons, King's— see " Physi- 

Swords of State, Justice, and 

Mercy 2 

Tabard 75 

Teinds, Lords Ordinary 95 

Tenants in Chief 12 

Tenure, Barons by, 1 1 ; 38 headivg 

Territorial Decoration 72 

Thames Conservancy 95 

Thanes u 

"The" before "Lord," 
"Lady,"&c. (under Baron). ..98 

Thistle, Order of 64 

Title-page, description of ix 

Titles of Sovereign, 1 ; of Prince 
of Wales, 4 ; of Peers, 6; 

Courtesy 8, 24 

Tower, Constable of, 95 ; War- 
ders — see "Yeomen." 

Trade, Board of 95 

Travers Pension 71 

Treasurer of Household 95 

Treasury, Commissioners 95 

„ First Lord 95 

Trial before Peers 7 

Trinity House 95 

Triple Peerages 37 

Ulster, 4 « Bloody Hand of " . . .54 

Under Sees, of State 95 

Ushers, Gentlemen 87 

, , of Green Bod , 64 ; Scarlet 
Rod, 66; White Rod (Scot.) 95 
Vice-Consul — see " Consul." 
Vice-Lieutenant — see " Deputy 
Lieutenant." I 


Viceroy of India, 95 ; of Ireland 
— see "Ld.-Lieutenant." 

Victoria & Albert, Order of 71 

Victoria Cross 7 2 

Victorian Order, Royal 68 

Viscounts .....11 

Volunteer Officers' Decoration 72 

Voting in Lords 19 

Wales, Prince of (position, in- 
signia, &c.) 4 

War Office -.95 

„ Secretary for 96 

Warden, Lord 9° 

Warders— see " Yeomen." 

Warrant Holders, Royal 93 

„ Officers 96 

White Rod, Usher of 95 

Widows, Peers' 27 

Women of Bedchamber 96 

Woolsack 19, 96 

Works, Commissioners of 96 

Writ, Barons by, 12 ; when still 

used 13 

Yeomen of Guard 96 

Younger sons of nobles 24, 
and see under " Duke " &c. 



Fowler, Rt. Hon. Sir H. H., g.c.s.i., made Vise. Wolverhampton; Morley, Rt. Hon. John, o.m., made 
Vise. Morley of Blackburn ; Holden, Sir A., Bt., made Bn. Holclen ; MacDonnell, Rt. Hon. Sir A. P., 
g.c.s.i., made Bn. MacDonnell; Philipps, .1. W., made Bn. St. Davids; Robertson, Rt. Hon. Edmd., 
made Bn. Lochee ; Wbiteley, Rt. Hon. Geo., made Bn. Marchamley ; Bns. Curzon of Kedleston, 
Ashtown, and (probably) Farnham, elected Irish Repres. Peers. 

(Extinct— The Baronies of Battersea, Glenesk, Hemes (U.K.), Kelvin, and Overtoun.) 


Lang, Rt. Rev. C. G., from Stepney (Suffr.) to Abpric. of York; Ridgeway, Very Rev. C. J., to Chichester. 

Privy Councillors. 

Buchanan, T. R. : Cartwright, Sir F. L., ; Castletown, Bn., k.p. (Irel.); Clarke, Sir E. G., K.c. ; 
Edge, Sir J., k.c. ; Emmott, Alt'. ; Fitzmaurice, Bn ; Fitzpatrick, Hon. Sir C. ; Gaskell, C. G. M.; Grey, 
Earl, g.c.m.g. ; Lough, Thos. ; Lowther, Sir G. A., ; McLaren, Sir C. B. P. , Bt. ; Meredith, R. E. 
(Irel.) - Pease, J. A.; Rodd, Sir J. R., g.c.m.g.; Runciman, Walter; Russell, T. W. (Irel.); Samuel, 
H. L. ; Whittaker, Sir T. P. 


Barker, Jno. ; Barratt (Layland-), F. ; Bell, Sir J. C, Kt. ; Borthwick, T. ; Brunton, Sir T. L., Kt. ; Cheyne, 
W. W. ; Clouston, E. S. ; Critchett, Sir G. A., c.v.o, ; Hatch, E. F. G, ; Jetiangir, Sir J. C, Kt. ; Kearley, 
H. E. ; Leese, Sir J. F., k.c. ; Low, Sir J., Kt. ; Perks, R. W. ; Roberts, J. H. ; Robinson, J. B. ; Shaw, 
C. E. ; Warmington, C. M. 

(Extinct— Birkbeck, Brooke of Armitage Bridge, Fitzgerald of Newmarket-on-Fergus, Gordon of Letter- 

Knights (Leading Orders). 
K.G.— Northampton, Marq. of; Crewe, Earl of, k.t. ; Tweedmouth, Bn., k.p.; Pirrie, Bn. 
G.C.B.—Mil. : Gordon, Gen. Sir J. J. II., k.c.b. ; Nicholson. Gen. Sir W. G., k.c.b. Civ. Bertie, Rt. Hon. 

Sir T. L., g.c.m.g.; Chandra, S. S. Jung, g.c.s.i.; Esher, Vise, g.c.v.o. ; Godley, Sir A., k.c.b.; 

Knollys, Bn., g.c.v.o.; Murray, SirG. H., k.c.b., g.c.m.g. ; Dudley, E. of, g.c.v.o.; Hopwood, Sir F. J. S., ; Jackson, Sir H. M., ; Nathan, Lt.-Col. Sir M., 
G.CI.E.—A\\ Khan, Nawab ; Kitchener, Vise. 

G.C.V.O— Coke, Vise, ; Derby. E. of.; Fisher, Adm. of Fit. Sir J. A., g.c.b.; Grey, Earl, 
g.c.m.g.; Herbert, Sir A.,; Johnston, Hon. Sir A., c.v.o.; Rice, Sir C. A., ; Strath- 
cona and Mount Royal., Bn. 

/ Other Knights. 

K.C.B., Mil., 15, Civ., IS ; K.C.S.I., 5 ; K.CM.G., 18; K.C.I.E., 7 ; K.CV.O., 17; Kts. Bach. 70. -Total 145. 

Commanders, Companions, &c 
O.M .—Jackson, Prof. Henry; Wallace, Alf. Rnssel. 
! C.V.O. 8; C.B., Mil. 41, Civ. 17; C.S.I. 11; C.M.G. 20; CLE. 23; M.V.O. 4th 45, 5th 12; D.S.O. 13- 
££.0.21. Total 211. 




*«.* All dates for 1908 unless otherwise stated. 

Royal Personages. 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz, H.H. Duke Chas. Borwin of .— 
Aug. 24. 

Portugal, H.M. Carlos, King of, k.g.— Assassinated 
Feb. 1, together with his son H.R.H. Louis Philip, 
Crown Prince, k.g. 


Battersea, 1st and only Baron.— Nov. 27, 1907. 
Blythswood. 1st Baron, Y.n.s.—July 8. 
Boyne, 8th Viscount.— Dee. 30, 1907. 
Crawshaw, 1st Baron (aged 82).— Feb. 5. 
De Ferrieree, Baron (Netherlands, aged 84).— 
March 17. 

De Kusel, Adolf, 1st Baron (Italy ).—Feb. 26. 
Derby, 16th Earl of, k g., p.c, g.o.v.o.— June 14. 
Devonshire, 8th Duke of, k.g., p.c, g.c.v.o.— 

March 24. 
Drogheda, 9th Earl of.— Oct. 28. 
Glenesk, 1st and only Baron.— Nov. 21. 
Hawarden, 5th Viscount.— Sept. 6. 
Hemphill, 1st Baron, p.c. (aged 80).— March 4. 
Herries, 11th Baron of Scotland and only Baron 

of U.K. — Oct. 5. 
Hotham, 5th Baron.— Dec. 13, 1907. 
Kelvin, 1st and only Baron, p.c.o.m., g.c.v.o., f.r.s. 

(aged 83).— Dec. 17, 1907. 
Linlithgow. 1st Marquess of, k.t., p.c,, 

G.c.v.o.— Feb. 29. 
Newburgh, 8th Earl of (aged 90).— Aug. 3. 
Overtoun, 1st and only Baron.— Feb. 15. 
Petre, 14th Baron.— June 16. 
Poltiinore, 2nd Baron, p.c— May 3. 
Rosse. 4th Earl of, k.p., r.n.s.—Aug. 29. 
Sackville, 2nd Baron, (aged 81).- Sept. 3. 
St. Leonard, 2nd Baron.— March 19. 
St. Levan, 1st Baron.— May 14. 
St. Vincent, 5th Viscount.— Sept. 22. 

Peeresses and Peers' Issue. 

A'Court (Holmes-), Hon. Mrs. William.— Sept. 24. 
Anson, Hon. Mrs. Fredk., daughter of 5th Baron 

Vernon.— Feb. 11. 
Bethell. Hon. Walter John.— Dec. 26, 1907. 
Bingham, Hon. Mrs. Cecil.— Sept. 18. 
Bingham, Hon. Mrs. Richard.— Feb. 23. 
Bligh, Hon. Edwd. Vesey.— April 22. 
Blyth, Hon. James Audley. -March 31. 
Boscawen, Hon Hugh Le De«pencer .—April 9. 
Boyle, Lt.-Col. Hon. Wm. George.— March 24. 
Brodrick, Hon. Harriet.— May 18. 
Browne, Hon. Arthur Henry (Kilmaine line).— 


Byng, Lady Irene Hilary.— March 24. 

Canning, Hon. Louisa, last surviving child of Vise. 

Stratford de Redclirte (aged 80.)— Aug. 18. 
Chamney, Hon. Mrs. Henry, sister of Baron Trim- 

lestown.— July 11. 
Chelsea, Viscount.— July 2. 
Chetwynd, Hon. Richd. Walter.— March 6. 
Clanmorns, The Dowager Lady.— Nov. 28, 1907. 
Co e, Hon. Arthur E. Casamajor — Aug. 17. 
. Conyngham, Dowager Marchioness.— Vow. 28, 1907. 
Courtenay, Hon. Hugh Leslie.— Vow. 23, 1907. 
Currie, Lady Charlotte Mary, sister of Earl 

Cadogan.— Nov. 16. 
De Courcy, Hon. Beryl Madeline.— Jan. 29. 
De la Valette, Marquise, daughter of the Bnss. 

Nairne and Keith.— July 16, 1907. 
De Moleyns, Hon. Edwd. Alured — Feb. 16. 
Dundas, Hon. Mrs. John, senr.— Dec. 8, 1907. 
Fitzgerald, Hon. Edwd. Southwell.— April 2. 
Forbes, Hon. Reginald G. Benedict— May 28. 
Forster, Hon. Lady, daughter of 2nd Baton Plun- 

kett and widow of 3rd Bt. of Coolderry. —May 2. 
Fox (Lane-), Hon. Mary Lois, sister of 12th Baron 

Conyers.— Feb. 12. 

Goodwin, Lady Mary, daughter of 1st Earl Sondes. 
—March 10. 

Greville, Capt. Hon. Ronald H. Falke.— April 5. 
Grey, Hon. Mrs John.— Dec. 24, 1907. 
Gull, Hon. Lady, daughter of Baron Lindley.— 
Sept. 27. 

Hamilton (Baillie), Hon. Mrs. Arthur.— Jan. 16. 
Higginson, Hon. Mrs. Conway, daughter of 4th 

Baron Castlemaine.— Jan. 4, 
Howard, Hon. Oliver (Carlisle line).— Sept. 20. 
Irby, Hon. Mrs. Augustus.— July 13. 
James, Hon. Wilfrid.— Jan. 10. 
Kenyon, Hon. George Thos.— Jan. 26. 
Lacey. Lady Helen, daughter of 9th Earl of 

JVorthesk.— May 18. 
Lingen. the Lady, widow of only Baron (aged 82).— 

Jan. 27. 

Loftus, Lady Catherine — Feb. 22. 
Lovelace, Jane, Countess of, widow of 1st Earl.— 
Jan. 27. 

Lowther, Hon. Mrs. William, last surviving daugh- 
ter of 1st and only Baron Wensleydale.— Jan. 5. 

Marsham, Hon. Henry.— July 1. 

Monteagle of Brandon, the Lady.— April 27. 

Morley, Countess of, widow of 3rd Earl— Feb. 9. 

Napier, Hon. Mrs. William.— Oct. 13. 

Napier, Hon. Cecil Scott.— Oct. 17. 

Northcote, Hon. Mrs. John.— 1908. 

Pepys, Hon. Mrs. Walter.— July 7. 

Pelham (Anderson-), Hon. Evelyn Cornwallis.— 
March 6. 

Portman, Hon. Lucy Ella.— Jan. 14. 

Powys, Hon. Mary E. Frances.— Oct. 10. 

Pratt, Lady Augusta.— Feb. 24. 

Rowley, Hon. Hugh.— M ay 12. 

Ruthven (Hore-), Hon. Philip J. Leslie.— May 18. 

St. Leger, Hon. Ralph.— April 12. 

Sempill (Forbes-), Maj. Hon. Douglas, d.s.o. — 

Feb. 21 (killed on Indian frontier). 
Smith, Hon. Mrs. Chas., sister of Baron Gwydyr.— 

Dec. 8, 1907. 
Stanley, Hon. Edwd. John.— Vow. 14. 
Stewart, Col. Hon. Walter John.— June 16. 
Stourton, Hon. Nigel R. P. Joseph— Jan. 22. 
Sugden, Hon. Mrs. Henry, sen.— Feb. 28. 
Trollope, Hon. Robt. Cranmer.— Nov. 25 (too late 

for p. 439). 
Tweedmouth, Dowager Lady.— March 20. 
Wells, Hon. Mrs. Grenville, daughter of 1st Baron 

Hylton.— arch 3. 
Wilson, Hon. Gerald Valerian.— Sept. 28. 


Carmichael, Rt. Rev. James, 5th Bp. of Montreal.— 
Sept. 21. 

Jones, Most Rev. Wm. West, 1st Abp. of Cape 

Town— May 21. 
Pym, Rt. Rev. Walter R., 6th Bp. of Bombay.— 

March 2. 

Wilkinson, Most Rev. Geo. Howard, Bp. of St. 
Andrews and Primus of Scott. Episc. Church.— 
Dec. 11, 1907. 

Privy Councillors. 
Bannerman (Campbell-), Rt. Hon. Sir Henry, g.cb., 

m.p., and late Premier.— April 22. 
Bruce, Rt. Hon. Sir Hy. Hervey, 3rd Bt. of 

Downhill (aged 87).— Dec. 8, 1907. 
Buller. Gen. Rt. Hon. Sir Redvers Hy., g.cb.,, FC— June 2. 
Campbell, Rt. Hon. Jas. Alexander (aged 83).— 

May 9. 

Day, Rt. Hon. Sir Jno. Chas., Kt. Bach, (aged 82).— 
June 13. 

Falkiner, Rt. Hon. Sir Fredk. Richd., Kt. Bach., 

K.c— March 21. 
Hamilton, Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd.Walter.c.c.B., g.c.v.o. 

— Sept. 2. 



Hibbert, Rt. Hon. Sir Jobn Tomlinson, Kt. Bach. 

(aged 84).— .Vow. 7. 
Kingston, Rt. Hon. Chas. Cameron.— May 11. 
Lopes, Et. Hon. Sir Massey, 3rd Baronet (aged 89).— 

Jan. 20. 

Malet, Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Baldwin, 4th Baronet. 

g.c.b., g.c.m.g.— June 29. 
Mathew, Rt. Hon. Sir James Chas., Kt. Bach.— 

Nov. 9. 

O'Conor, Rt. Hon. Sir Nicholas Roderick, g.c.b., 

g.c.m.g. — March 19. 
Paget. Rt. Hon. Sir Richd. Homer, 1st Bt. of 

Cranmore Hall— Feb. 3. 
Slaney (Kenyon-), Col. Rt. Hon. Wm. Slaney, m.p .— 

April 24. 

Whiteway, Rt. Hon. Sir Wm. Yallance, k.c.m.g., k.c. 

(aged HO).— June 21. 
Wolff (Drummond-), Rt. Hon. Sir Henry, g.c.b., 

g.c.m.g.— Oct. 11. 


Avery, Sir Wm. Beilby, 1st Bt.— Oct. 28. 
Birkbeck, Sir Edward, 1st and only Bt —Sept. 2. 
Boswall (Houstoun-), Sir Geo. L., 3rd Bt.— Feb. 8. 
Bramwell, Lady, widow of only Bt. (aged 92).— 
Nov. 28, 1907. 

Brooke, Sir Arthur Douglas, 4th Bt. of Colebrooke. 

— Nov. 27, 1907. 
Brooke, sir Thos., 1st and only Bt. of Armitage 

Bridge.— July 16. 
Chaytor, Sir Wm. H. Edwd., 4th Bt,— April 25. 
Comewall, Rev. Sir Geo. Henry, 3rd Bt.— Sept. 2C. 
Couper, Sir Geo. E. Wilson, 2nd Bt., K.c.s.i., c.b. i 

(aged 83k- March 6. 
Craig (Gibson-), Sir Jas. Henry, 3rd Bt.— Sept. 28. 
Dalrymple (Elphinstone-), Sir Robt. Graeme, 5th 

Bt.— April :fl. 
Dashwood, Sir Robt. Jno., 9th Bt. of West 

Wycombe.— J vly 9. 
Dundas, Sir Chas Henry, 4th Bt, of Beechwood.— 
Nov. 22. 

Errington, Lady, widow of last Bt. of Hooton.— 
Dec. 24, 1907. 

FitzGerald, Sir Geo. Gumming, 5th and last Bt. of 
Newmarket-on-Fergns <aged 85).— May 10. 

Gamble, Sir Josias Christopher, 2nd Bt.— Sept. 24. 

Gordon, Sir Robt,, 9th and last Bt, of 
Letterf'ourie, Prem. Bt. of Scotld. (aged 88).— 
March 4. 

Grant (Macpherson-), Sir George, 3rd Bt.— Dee. 5, 

Henniker, Lt.-Col. Sir Frcdk. B. Major, 5th Bt.— 
Aug. 19. 

Jejeebhoy, Sir Jamsetjee, ith Bt.— June 16. 
Jervoise (Gierke-), Sir Henry, 4th Bt.— March 2. 
Johnson, Sir William George, 4ih Bt. of New York. 
—Jan. 26. 

Lawrence, Sir Hy. Waldemar, 3rd Bt. of Lucknow. 

Lees, Sir Elliott. 1st Bt , n.s.o.— Oct. 16. 
Mansel, Sir Edwd. Berkeley, 10th Bt. (as decided by 

Court of Session ; but no note under the name.)— 

Jan. 8. 

Medlycott, Rear-Adm. Sir Mervyn B., 5th Bt.— 
March 28. 

Badcliffe, Sir Jos. P. Pickford, 3rd Bt, (aged 83).- 
April 27. 

Reynolds, Lady, widow of only Bt- Nor. 17. 
Roche, Sir David Vandeleur, 2nd Bt.— April 19. 
Slade. Sir Cuthbert, 4th Bt— Feb. 9. 
Stanier, Rt. Rev. Sir Lovelace, 3rd Bt,, late Bp. of 

Shrewsbury. — (Jet. 29. 
Stow (Pbilipson-), Sir Predc. S. P., 1st Bt.— May 17. 
Tierncy, Lady, widow of 3rd and last Bt. — Feb. 16. 
Vane (Fletcher-;, Sir Henry Ralph, 4th Bt.— -June 


Wlntshed (Hawkins-), Lady, widow of 3rd and last 
Bt.- July 28. 

Wood, Sir Matthew, 4th Bt. of Hatherley House 
(aged 51).— July 13. 


liyangar. Sir Vembakam Bhashyam, Kt. Bach., 


Nov. 18 (too late for page 133) 
Anderson, Sir Thos. McCall, Kt. Bach., M 

Anderson, Sir Wm. John, Kt. Bach.— Sept. 20. 
Arnold, Sir Alfred, Kt. Bach— Oct. 31. 
Banks, Sir John T., K.C.B., m.d. (aged 91).— July 16. 
Barry, Vice-Adm. Sir Henry Leaeon, k c.v.o. — 
Noo. 14. 

Bergne, Sir Henry, k.c.b., k.c.m.g— Nov. 15. 
Bewley, Sir Edmund Thos., Kt. Bach.— June 26. 
Bird, Gen. Sir Geo. Corrie, k.c.i.e., c.b.— Dec. 20, 

Brand, Sir David, Kt. Bach., k.c.— Jan. 22. 
Brown, Sir Chas. Gage, k.c.m g. (aged 82).— A ug. 13. 
Bruce, Sir Geo. Barclay, Kt. Bach, (aged 86,1.— 
Aug. 25. 

Burkitt, Hon. Sir Wm. Robert, Kt. Bach— June 16. 
Canning, Sir Samuel, Kt. Bach, (aged bb).—Sept. 24. 
Caron, Hon. Sir Jos. P. Rent- Adolphe, k.c.m.g., 

k.c— April 20. 
Cayley, Sir Richard, Kt. Bach.— April 5. 
Charkharl, H.H. the Maharaja of, k.c.i.e.— July 5. 
Clerk, Gen. Sir Godfrey, K.c.v.o., C.B.— Nov. 18. 
Collins, Sir Robt. Hawthorne, k.c.b., k.c.v.o.— 
Nov. 2. 

Colnaghi, Sir Dominic Ellis, Kt. Bach— Feb. 28. 
Colviu, Sir Auckland, k.c.s.i.. k.c m.g. —March 24. 
Cook, Sir Wm. T. Gustavus, Kt. Bach.— Jan. 26. 
Cooper, Sir Alfred, Kt. Bach., e.r.cs — March 3. 
Cremer, Sir Wm. Randal, Kt. Bach., u.p.—July 22. 
Deane, Lt.-Col. Sir Harold Arthur, k.c.s.i.— July 6. 
De Lotbiniere (Joly-;, Hon. Sir Henry G., k.c.m.g., 

k.c— Nov. 16. 
Duveen, Sir Jos. Joel, Kt. Bach, (just cieated).— 
Nov. 9. 

East, Gen. Sir Cecil Jas., k.c.b.— March 14. 
E°-erton, Gol. Sir Alfred Moraaunt, c.b — 
~May 26. 

Eliot, Sir John, k.c.i.e., T.R.s.--March 18. 
Ellison, Gol. Sir Ricnd. Geo., Kt. lach., c.v.o.— 
Feb. 27. 

Evans, Sir John, k.c.b., e.r.s. (age 84).— May 31. 
Everett, Col. Sir William, k.c.m.g.— Aug. 9. 
Parmer, Sir William, Kt. Bach.— July 8. 
Farquhar, Adm. Sir Arthur, k.c.b. (aged 92). ~ 
Jan 29. 

FitzGerald, Sir Thos. Naghton, Kt.Bach.,c.B.— Julys. 
GarroiJ, Sir Alfred Baring, Kt, Bach., e.k.s., e.r.c.p. 

(aged 88).— Dec. 28, 1907. 
Gipps, Gen. Sir Reginald, g.c.b.— Sept. 10. 
Goldsmid, Maj.-Gen. Sir Frederic Jno., k.c.s.i., c.b. 

(an* d H9).—Jan. 12. 
Gordon. Gen. Sir Jno. Jas. Hood, g.c.b.— Nov. 2. 
Griffin, Sir Lepel Henry, k.c.s.i.— March 9. 
Hanbury, Surg.-Gen. Sir Jas. Arthur, k.c.b— June 2. 
Havelock, Capt. Sir Arthur Elibank, g.c.s.i., g.c.m.g , 

G.c.i.E.— June 25 (Lady H., Jan. 4). 
Hogg, Lt.-Gen. Sir Adam G. Forbes, k.c.b— June 10 
Holkar of Iudore, H.H. the ex-Maharaja, g.c s.i.— 
Oct. 31. 

Hoy, Sir James, Kt. Bach.— March 1. 
Ibbetson, Sir Denzil C. Jelf, k.c.s.i.— Feb. 21. 
Jackson, Capt. Sir Henry Moore, g.c.m.g.— Aug. 29. 
Keniball, Gen. Sir Arnold Burrowes, k.c.b., k.c s l 

(aged 84).— Sept. 21. 
Kennedy, Sir Chas. Malcolm, k.c.m.g., c.b.— Oct. 25. 
Kingscotc, Col. sir Robt. Nigel F., G. c.v.o., k c b — 
Sept. 22. 

Knowles, Sir James Thos., K.c.v t o.— Feb. i3. 
hack, Sir Henry Header, Kt. Bach— July 12. 
Law, Maj. Sir Edwd. FitzGerald, k.c.s.i!, k.c.m.g.— 

Leighi Sir Joseph. Kt, Baoh.— Sept. 23. 
Littler, Sir Ralph 1). Mackinson, Kt. Bach .— Nov -'3 
Livesey, Sir George, Kt, Bach— Oct. 4. 
Lowe (l)rury-), Lt.-Gen. Drury C, g.c.b.— April 6 
Lyons, Adm. of Fit, Sir Algn. McLennon, g.c.b.- 
Feb. 9. 

Macan, Sir Arthur, Kt, Bach.- Sept. 27. 
Macdonald, insp.-Gcn. Sir Jno. Denis, k.c.b., e.r s 

(aged HI).— Feb. 7. 
Marwick, Sir Jas. David, Kt. Bach., e.r.s. e. (aged 

81). — March 24, 
Maunsell, Maj.-Gen. Sir Thomas, k.c.b. (aged 85) — 
July l, 

Moffett, Sir Thos. William, Kt. Bach, (aged 89) - 
July 6. 

Narotamdas, Sir Harkirsandas, Kt. Bach.— Nov. 16 
Nepean, Sir Evan Colville, Kt. Bach., c.b.— May 14 



Newdigate, Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry R. Legge, k.c.b.— 
Jan. 17. 

Nicoll, Sir William, Kt. Bach— Feb. 5. 
Onslow, Sir Alex. Campbell, Kt. Bach— Oct. 20. 
Paine, Sir Thomas, Kt. Bach, (aged m.—Feb. 12. 
Pitman, Sir Henry Alfred, Kt. Bach. r.R.c.p. (aged 

100 yrs. and 4 mos.).— Nov. 7. 
Pollitt, Sir William, Kt. Bach— Oe'. H. 
Porter, Sir Alfred de Bock, k.c.b.— Nov. 25. 
Reed, Col. Sir Chas. John, k.c.b. (aged 87).— June 4. 
Reid, Sir Robt. Gillespie, Kt. Bach.— June 3. 
Richmond, Sir David, Kt. Bach.— Jan. 15. 
Puleston, Sir Jno. Henry, Kt. Bach.— Oct. 19. 
Sankey, Lt.-Gen. Sir Richd. Hiram, k.c.b.— Nov. 11. 
Sayer, Lt.-Gen. Sir J as. R. Steadman, k.c.b. (aged 82). 

— June 12. 

Schomberg, Gen. Sir Geo. Augustus, k.c.b. (aged 

86).— .Dec. 5, 1907. 
Shashia Shastri, Sir, k.c.s.i.— Sept. 3, 1907. 
Shaw, Cant. Sir Eyre Massey, k.c.b.— Aug. 25. 
Shearer, Sir John, Kt. Bach.— Feb. 28. 
Stephen, Sir Alex. Condie, k.c.m.g., k.c.v.o., c.b.— 

May 10. 

Stevenson, Sir Thomas, Kt. Bach., f.r.c.p — July ?.«. 
Strachey, Sir John, g.c s.i., ci.e. (aged 81).— Dec. 19, 

Stachey, Lt.-Gen. Sir Richd., g.c s.i., e.r.s. (aged 90). 
Feb. 12. 

Symes, Sir Robt. Henry, Kt. T?ach.— Oct. 6. 
Tagore, Maharaja Sir Joteenura Mohun, k.c.s.i.— 
Jan. 10. 

Thomas, Lt.-Gen. Sir J. Welle;4ey, k.c.b. (aged 85).— 
Feb. e. 

Thorbum, Sir Walter, Kt. Bach.- Nov. 10. 
Tylor, Sir Henry Whatley, Kt. Bach, (aged SO).— 
Jan. 30. 

Vincent, Col. C. E. Howard, k.c.m.g., c.b., m.p.- 
Awril 7. 

Walker (Noel-\ Sir Edward, k.c.m G.—Sept. 20. 
Walton, Sir Jno. Lawson, Kt. Bach., si. p.— Jan. 18. 
Ward, Sir John, Kt. Bach. — Nov. 7. 
Watson, Sir Patrick Heron, Kt. Bach., e.r.s.— 
Dec. 20, 1907. 

Wilkinson. Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry C, k c.b. — Nov. 24. 
Wrenfordsley, Sir Henry Thos., Kt. Bach.— June 2. 

Companions, &c. 

Alt, Col. William John, c.b.— Vow. 9. 
Anderson, Col. Wm. R. Le Geyt, c.b.— Oct. 3. 
Baird, Col. Andrew Wilson, c.s.i., p.k.s.— April . 
Baughan, William Fredk., c.b— March 9. 
Bell, James, c.b., f.r.s. (aged 83).— March 31. 
Bell, Valentine Grasme, cm.g.— May 29. 
Bernays, Lewis Adolphus, cm.g.— Aug. 22. 
Boyle, Richard Vicars, c.s.i. (aged 85).— Jan. 3. 
Bright, William Robert, c.s.i.— May 11. 
Browning, Colin A. Robertson, ci.e — July 8. 
Buchanan, Col. Lewis Mansergh, c.b.— April 23. 

Bushell, Stephen Wootton, cm.g., ni.D.—Sepf. 19. 
Campbell, Jas. Duncan, cm.g— Dec. 3, 1907. 
Chase, Col. Wm. St. Lucien, c.b., U.ffl;.— June 28. 
Cockerell, Horace Abel, c.s.t.— April 23. 
Collins, Maj.-Gen. Jno. Stratford, c.b.— April 27. 
Cumming, Col. Wm. Gordon, ct.e.— April 28. 
De la Bere, Henry Thos., c.b— Dec. 13, 1907. 
Dunne, Col. Walter Alphonsus, c.b.— July 2. 
Ellery, Robt. Lewis Jno., cm.g., e.r.s. (aged 80).— 
Jan. 14. 

Engelbach, Lewis Wm., c.b.— March 16. 
Evans, Col. Thomas D. Byron, c.b.— Aug. 25. 
Forsey, Chas. Benjamin, c.b. (aged 89).— Oct. 31. 
Frechette, Louis, cm.g., f.r.s. (Canada).— May 31. 
Gough. Adm. Fredk. William, c.b. (aged 83).— 
Jan. 19. 

Hallewell, Lt.-Col. Hy. Lonsdale, cm.g.— June 23. 

Hervey, Henry Arthur Wm., c.b.— May 11. 

Howitt, Alfred William, cm.g.— March 7. 

Innes, Lt.-Gen. Jas. J. McLeod, c.b., VM — 
Dec. 13, 1907. 

Jones, Rear-Adm. Edwd. Pitcairn, c.b.— April 4. 

Justice, Maj.-Gen. Wm. Clive, cm.g.— .Vow. 19. 

Kielhorn, Franz, c.t. k.— March 19. 

Lafont, Rev. Eugene, ci.e.— May 10. 

Lambton, Lt.-Gen. Arthur, c.b.— March 2. 

Little, Lt.-Gen. Henry Alex., c.b.— Sept. 8. 
I Luke, Col. Edwd. Vyvyan, c.b.— Jan. 22. 

Montgomerie, Rear-Adm. Robt. A. Jos., c.v.o., c.b., 
cm.g— Sept. 1. 

Murdoch, Chas. Stewart, c.b.— Jan. 31. 

Nunn, Col. Joshua Arthur, c.b., ci.e.— Feb. 27. 

Pilkington, Col. Richard, c.b- March 12. 
i Reynolds, Chas. Henry, ci.e.— May 21. 

Robinson, Maj.-Gen. Wellesley G. Walker, c.b.— 
— Jan. 14. 

Roome, Gen. Frederick, c.b.— Dee. 8, 1907. 
Rundall, Gen. Fras. Hornblow, c.s.i. (aged 85).— 
Sept. 30. 

Saunders, Col. Robt. Jos. Pratt, c.b.— March 18. 
Schreiber, Maj.-Gen. Brymer Fras., c.b.— Jan. 16. 
Simpson, Maj.-Gen. George, c.b.— June 18. 
Stopford, Capt. Walter Jas., c.b.— June 14. 
Stuart, Capt. J. Alexander Man, c.b.— Nov. 8. 
Stuart, Rear-Adm. Leslie Creery, cm.g., m.v.o.— 
— Nov. 1. 

Swan, Col. Henry Fredk., c.b— March 25. 
Templeton, Col. Jno. Montgomery, cm.g.— June 10. 
Thomson, Capt. Jocelyn Home, c.b.— Feb. 13. 
Thornhill, George, c.s.t. (aged 81).— March 15. 
Torriano, Col. Chas. Edward, c.b.— Jan. 24. 
Tudor, Vice-Adm. Peploe, c.v.o.— Aug. 5. 
Vandeleur, Maj.-Gen. Jno. Ormsby, c.b.— June 13. 
Vaux, Col. Elwin, c.b.— June 25. 
Vavasseur, Josiah, c.b.— Nov. 14. 
Ward, Col. Henry C. Evelyn, ci.e.— Dec. 22, 1907. 
Warren, Col. Falkland G. Edgeworth, c.b., cm.g.— 

March 20 (abt.) 
Wigram, Maj.-Gen. Godfrey Jas., c.b— Sept. 16. 



A.A.G., Assistant Adjutant-General. 
A.D.C., Aide-de-Camp. 
A.G., Adjutant-General. 

A.I.C.E., A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. (Memb.) Inst. Civ. Engrs. 

A.M.S., Army Medical Staff. 

A.Q.M.G., Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

A. S.C., Army Service Corps. 

B. C.L., Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.C.S., Bengal Civil Service. 
B.D., Bachelor of Divinity. 
Bn., Baron. 

Bomb. S.C., Bombay Staff Corps. 
Bp., Bishop. 

B. S.C., Bengal Staff Corps. 

C. B., Companion of the Bath. 
C.C., County Council. 

C.E., Civil Engineer. 

Chmn., Chairman. 

C.I., Crown of India (Order ot). 

C.I.E., Companion of Indian Empire. 

C.I.V., City Imperial Volunteers. 

C.M.G., Companion of St. Michael and St. George. 

C.M.S., Church Missionary Society. 

Cmttee., Committee. 

Com., Commander. 

Commissr. , Commissioner. 

Commssn., Commission. 

Comsry., Commissary. 

Cons., Consul or Consulting. 

C.S., Civil Service. 

C.S.I., Companion of the Star of India. 

C. V.O., Commander of Royal Victorian Order. 

D. , Duke. 

D.A.G., Deputy Adjutant-General. 

D.C.L., Doctor of Civil Law. 

Dep., Deputy. Dept., Department. 

Dir., Director. 

D.L., Deputy Lieutenant. 

D. Litt., Doctor of Literature. 

D.Sc, Doctor of Science. 

D.S.O., Distinguished Service Order. 

£., Earl. 

Engr., Engineer. 

F.C.S., Fellow of the Chemical Society. 
F.G.S., Fellow of the Geological Society. 
F.K.Q.C.P., Fell, of King and Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 
F.L.S., Fellow of the Linnean Society. 
F.R.A.S., Fellow of the Boyal Astronom. Society. 
F.R.C.I., Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. 
F.R.C.S. .Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. 
F. R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh ; F. R.C.S.I., of Ireland. 
F.R.C.V.S., Fellow of Roy. Coll. of Vet. Surgeons. 
F.R.G.S., Fellow of the Royal Geograph. Society. 
F.R.H.S., Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 
F.R.I.B.A., Fellow of the Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects. 
F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society. 
F.R.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 
F.R.S.L., Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. 
F.R.S.S., Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
F.S.A., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F. Z.S., Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B., Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 
G.C.H., Knight Grand Cross of Hanover. 
G.C.I.E., Knight Gd. Commander Indian Empire. 
G.C.M.G., Kt. Gd. Cross St. Michael and St. George. 
G. C.S.I. , Knight Grand Commander Star of India. 
G.C.V.O., Knight Gd. Cross Royal Victorian Order. 
G.M.B., Great Master of the Bath. 

G. M.P., Grand Master of St. Patrick, similarly 
G.M.I.E., G.M.M.G.,andG.M.S.I. 

II. E., His Excellency. 

H. E.I.C.S., Hon. East India Company's Service. 
H.G.D.H., His [Her] Grand Ducal Highness. 
H.H., His [Her] Highness. 

H.I.H., His [Her] Imperial Highness. 
H.I.M., His [Her] Imperial Majesty. 

H. S.H., His [Her] Serene Highness. 

I. A., Indian Army. 
I.C.S., Indian Civil Service. 
I.M.S., Indian Medical Service. 

I.S.C., Indian Staff Corps (now Ind. Army). 

I.S.O., Imperial Service Order. 

I.W.. Isle of Wight. 

K.C., King's Counsel. 

K.C.B., Knight Commander of the Bath. 

K.C.H., Knight Commander of Hanover. 

K.C.T.E., Knight Commander of Indian Empire. 

K.C.M.G., ditto of St. Michael and St. George. 

K.C.S.I., Knight Commander of the Star of India. 

K.C. V.O., ditto of Royal Victorian Order. 

K.G., Knight of the Garter. 

K.H., Knight of Hanover (not a " Sir "). 

K.P., Knight of St. Patrick. 

K.T., Knight of the Thistle. 

Kt. Bach., Knight Bachelor. 

L.C.C., London County Council. 

L.I., Light Infantry. 

L.K.Q.C.P., Licentiate, &c. (see M.K.Q.C.P.). 
LL.B., Bachelor of Laws ; LL.D., Doctor of do. 
LL.M., Master of Laws. 

L.R.C.P., Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. 
L.S.A., Licentiate of Society of Apothecaries. 
L.S.B., London School Board. 
M., Marquess. 

M.B., Bachelor of Medicine ; M.D., Dootor of do. 

M.E.C., Member of Executive Council. 

M.I.C.E., Member of Inst, of Civil Engineers. 

M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., do. Electr. and Mechan. Engrs. 

M.K.Q.C.P., Memb. of King & Qn.'s Coll. Physicians. 

M.L.A., Member of Legislative Assembly. 

M.L.C., ditto Council. 

M.R.A.S., Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.P., Member of Royal College of Physicians. 

M.R.C.S., Member of Royal College of Surgeons. 

M.R.C.S.E., ditto of Edinburgh. 

M.R.I. A., Member of Royal Irish Academy. 

M.S.C., Madras Staff Corps. 

Mus.D. [B.], Doctor [Bachelor] of Music. 

M.V.O., Member of Royal Victorian Order. 

N.I., Native Infantry. 

N.S., Nova Scotia. 

N.S.W., New South Wales. 

N.W.P.[T.], North West Provinces [Territory]. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 

O.M., Order of Merit. 

P. (inP.R.S. &c), President— see F.R.S..R.A., &c. 

P.C., Privy Councillor. 

Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy. 

Q.C., Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M.G., Quartermaster-General. 

Q.S., Quarter Sessions. 

R. A., Royal Artillery or Royal Academy. 

R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music. 

R.A.M.C., Roy. Army Medical Corps. 

R.E., Royal Engineers. 

R.H.A., Roy. Horse Artill. or Roy. Hibern. Acad. 

R.I.A., Royal Irish Academy. 

R.M.A., Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I., Royal Marine Lt. Infantry. 

R.N., Royal Navy ; R.N.R., do. Reserve. 

R.R.C., Royal Red Cross. 

R.S.A., Royal Scottish Academician. 

R.S.O., Railway Sub-office. 

S.P.G., Society for Propagation of the Gospel. 

Supt., Superintendent. 

T.R.H., Their Royal Highnesses. 

V., Viscount. 

V.A , Victoria and Albert (Order of). 

UdT, Victoria Cross. 

V.D., Volunteer Officers' Decoration. 

W.S., Writer to the Signet. 

Y.M.C.A., Young Men's Christian Association. 

Also— aftds., afterwards ; appd., appointed ; b., born; cons., consecrated ; cr., created; d., died; 
el., elected ; mar. or mrrd., married ; ord., ordained (deacon) ; pres., presumptive or present; prev., 
previously ; q.v. {quod vide), "which see " (a common form of reference) ; rem., removed ; res., resigned ; 
ret., retired ; sue, succeeded ; surv., surviving ; wiph others needless to cite. The common French word 
nee (born) is used to denote the maiden name of a married lady ; the masculine ne is occasionally 
employed of a gentleman who has since adopted a jme other surname. De jure, " by right." 




The Kingdom, its Rulers, and Their Titles.— An English Sovereign is now 
Sovereign of the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not always 
been the case : in Scotland the sovereignty was not amalgamated till 1603 and the 
countries with their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in Ireland the country was first 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. For three centuries from the Plantagenet times the English Kings were styled 
"Lords of Ireland;" Henry the Eighth was the first to substitute the title of King; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801. 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the first and third 
succeeded him as the Fourth George and William. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, our late Queen, 
who, by the law of succession, took precedence of the fifth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth by Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther ; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his own Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Third Edward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded her late Majesty from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at the fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia. — The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spurs. Of the crowns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, the Heraldic, Queen Victoria's, 
and King Edward's. The last of these, however, is practically identical with the second, 
and to avoid confusion between "King Edward " and " Saint Edward," we shall in the 
further portions of this Introduction designate the form of crown worn by our present 
Sovereign by the older term " Heraldic," and for the same reason we shall apply the 
word "Imperial" to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King Edward's 
Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting "arches" rising sharply from 
their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward's Crown has 
these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rose almost perpendicularly 
to the bend, at which they were nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
the miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by her late Majesty. The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward's 
Crown, which was so called from a supposed resemblance (though a very remote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 
and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upper 
edge of its principal circle entirely level, whilst those of the Victoria and King Edward's 




Crowns are wrought into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rirn four j 1 
crosses-pattee alternating with four fleurs-de-lis — the former ornaments denoting the ij 
Sovereign's religious headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion. 
The crown in each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every part with a blaze of 
jewels. The four crosses-pattee are frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe 
incorrectly, their limbs not being cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind 
the crosses, and above their intersecting point over the crown of the head is a miniature of 
the "orb" to be presently described — both arches and ball being completely overlaid 
with jewellery. The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds 
(brilliant, rose, or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including 
one stated to have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was sib. 3J0Z. troy, and we 
read that a crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something over 7lb., whilst 
even that of George the Fourth weighed 511b. 

Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the 
French monde, so that the idea of a ivoHd-wide domination is implied equally by either 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up the entire device to a 
height of 11 inches. The globular portion is of gold, and is engirt with a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres — the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal Sceptre, ' 
2§ ft. in length, borne in the King's right hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb j 
pretended to contain wood from the true Cross), over 4|ft. in length, carried before the 
King in the coronation procession ; and the Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, 3! ft. 
I in length, placed in the King's left hand : these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished 

Iby a "mound," from which the dove, when there is one, appears to spring. The Queen 
Consort has also her Sceptre with the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of 
these being known also as the Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it 
j is girded on to the Sovereign at his coronation, and this was done even in the ciise of 
■ Queen Anne, but Victoria, who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by 
having it placed in her hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign 
I at this ceremony, but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword 
j of Mercy (called, like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, "Curtana"), an 
unpointed weapon ; the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather 
obtusely ; and the Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp- pointed. Finally I 
come the Spurs, called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), which I 
are without rowels, but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. 1 
The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was not among those figuring in I 
the late ceremony. The Bracelets have been wholly discontinued, but their Latin I 
name " Armillse " has been confused with the "Armil" or Stole, which is called I 
" Armilla " in the Gazette account of the late coronation. Other royal insignia or ac- 
cessories of that ceremony may be thus described • 

Tlie Coronation Chair or St. Edward's Chair (distinct from both the Recognition Chair and the 
Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to have been made in the reign of Edward the First, who had 
brought from Scotland the sacred Inauguration Stone, and had it embedded beneath the seat of this< 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartz, but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in inches 26 x i6| x ioj ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
(where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, wnom he sent to Ireland with an army), 
and before even this it Avas said to have come from Egypt— in fact, it was the identical stone used by j 
Jacob for a pillow '. Another story represents it to have been hauled up out of the sea, in the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailers of Simon Brek himself. Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
knocked all this nonsense on the head, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been 
almost certainly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The Ampulla, called also the Golden Eagle, is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its win^s 
outspread, its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw off for reception of the oil, some 6oz., 
which is poured out through the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Virgin to St. Thomas a Becket, who gave it in charge to a monk of Poictiers, who again secreted it— with 
other similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a church at that place, whence they came 
into the hands of the Black Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Anointing Oil is now pure olive ; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or I 
cream. It is consecrated previous to the ceremony. In an account of Queen Anne's coronation we read 1 
that the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine linen or fine I 
Lombart wool." . I 

The Anointing Spoon is of pure gold with four pearls in the broadest part of the handle and finely 1 
chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appear to be very ancient. Its length is about 10 ins., | 
the bowl 2\ ins. 

The Colobiitm Sindonis is a sleeveless garment of fine white linen, worn by Kings only. This is the I 
first of the garments to be put on after the anointing, and it corresponds to the alb of a priest. The I 
Supcrtnniea, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of rich cloth of gold with purple I 

Relatives of the Sovereign. 3 

I embroidered tissue. A " girdle " used in the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, Armil, or 
j Armilla. Lastly the Dalmatic Robe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 

loosely over the shoulders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles. 
! The Ruby Ring, which has been styled by some <r the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
j the back alarge violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 26 diamonds : itis jointed 
1 like a bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to this ornament also. King 
1 Edward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " fayre old man," to whom, 
I having nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
j to lose their way in the Holy Land, where " there came to them a fayre ancient man, wyth whyte heer for 
j age." Having learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and . . . brought 
I theym in the ryghte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was, and sayd, ' I am Johan the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng, that I grete him well 
by the token that he gaff to me thys rynge with his own handes, whych rynge ye shalle delyver to hym 
agayne ; ' and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym sodenly."— Goldene 
Legende, p. 187. 

The King's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into Westminster Hall and 
i challenging any gainsayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir W. Dugdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Marmion, in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the extinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Dymoke, by one of whose 
-descendants, Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the last Coronation, when the decision of the 
Court of Claims against the application must be regarded as the extinction of the office itself. 

Accession op a New Sovereign. — From the time of Henry the Eighth it has been 
a recognised constitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
; heir becomes his already constituted successor. A meeting of the Privy Council is 
the first procedure, and Parliament is also summoned, the Commons being no longer 
subject to immediate dissolution as was the case previous to the Reform Act of 1867. 
The Councillors, Lords, and Commons are all re-sworn, and public proclamation is 
! made of the accession of the new Sovereign, followed by notices of his having taken the 
I oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, of his own choice of title, and 
of the continuance in their posts of persons in civil or military employment. A state 
procession on the next day, from St. James's Palace to the City, makes further an- 
nouncement of the change of ruler. Por further details, with a full account of the 
Coronation itself, we must refer to our issues of 1903 and 1904. The Coronation Oath, 
it may be well to state, consists in a sworn affirmative response to each of the following 
questions : 

Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the people of this United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament agreed 
on, and the respective laws and customs of the same ?— Will you to your power cause law and justice, in 
mercy, to be executed in all your judgments ?— Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws 
of God, the true profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? 
And will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, 
worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England ? And will you preserve 
unto the bishops and clergy of England, and to the Church therein committed to their charge, all such 
rights and privileges as by law do or shall appertain to them, or any of them 

The Queen-Consort. — When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a variety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The ecclesiastic charged with the office of crowning her is the Archbishop 
of York. The Queen-Consort's Crown, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 
"the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Dowager. — This royal lady, of whom the last example was Queen 
Adelaide, widow of William the Fourth, remains in most respects in the same position 
as when she was Queen-Consort, but it is no longer high treason, as it then was, to con- 
spire her death. No man can marry her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, 
but she does not forfeit her royalty by marriage with a subject. 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attaohed any 
special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman can 
receive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
three examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
though the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
most rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
quitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 
_ _ c 2 



for years been known simply as "Prince Albert," received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Royal Highness." 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne, constitutes the third example. 

The Heir to the Throne. — This Royal personage is styled "the Heir 
Apparent " if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is "presumed "that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to* 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. For the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Prince op Wales. — The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) son of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth ; hence the delay which occurred in the present instance. He is^ by 
right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, 
Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward or Seneschal of 
Scotland, also Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the Sovereign's pleasure he is created 
by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, the patent testifying that he is con- 
firmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the girding on of a sword, the delivering 
of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring on his linger and a golden staff in his 
hand, according to custom," all at the hands of his royal parents ; the additional titles 
of Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, borne (in either the mascu- 
line or feminine form) alike by King Edward when Prince and his royal brothers 
and sisters, are an inheritance from their father and descend also to the children of His 
Majesty's brothers. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority 
in his case does not count, though, by the present King, his seat as Prince was not 
taken until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent 
a son of his own will naturally succeed to his titles, but that of Duke of Cornwall 
cannot be borne by the son of a Prince of Wales who has died whilst such : thus George 
the Third never held the title. But a brother can succeed thereto, beftig the eldest 
surviving son of a King, as was ultimately decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and 
Charles the First, and so with the present Prince, though no possible son of the late Duke 
of Clarence could have held it. The title, however, has been dormant more than once, 
and Richard the Second received it by a new creation. On the other hand, Sir H. Nicolas 
notes six Royal Princes born Dukes of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales, 
namely, Kings Henry and Edward the Sixth, two sons (besides this latter) of Henry 
the Eighth (who died at birth or in infancy), an infant son of Charles the First, and 
the " Old Pretender," to whom, however, somerfo assign the title. This title of Prince 
of Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince " free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs ; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in every 
instance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above series of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally passed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in supplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that "Carrick" is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in sound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the Crown, 
was when extant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland ; in fact, "Knight 
of St. Patrick " is the heir's only distinctively Irish honour, and the Duke of Cumber- 
land is the only member of the Royal Family who has an Irish peerage. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's Feathers, consisting of three ostrich plumes, formerly figured 

Royal Family — The Peerage and its Degrees. 


as drooping, though in 187S this form was abandoned for the older one in which the 
1 feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of- these is an antique coronet, 
I pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for " I serve") 
—both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black, Prince from the head of the 
King of Bohemia, who was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's Crown except 
that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb) and is of gold 
j without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a gold lace above it; that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Princess Royal. — The Sovereign's eldest daughter bears this title, so that it now 
accrues to the Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife, whose reception of it was, however, 
deferred till November 1905. The law hedges her about as a possible successor to the 
I throne, but this privilege extends to no younger Prince or Princess. Her coronet is like 
that of her royal sisters as below. 

Remainder of the Royal Family. — Younger daughters enjoy no special precedence 
like the preceding, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when they enter the House of 
[ Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales (of course we are speaking in a 
I general way, not of present conditions). Their seats in that House are to the left 
I of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of the Sovereign, they are converted from 
J sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. 
I This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
I. that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
1 according to the dates of their patents alone : this is at the present time the case with 
j the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of " Royal Highness " is due to his father 
[ having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence — that father, being 
t a King's grandson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
I from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uncles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated " Royal 
Highness, "and the latter term is bestowed also upon grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sons, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of "the Blood," and, in common with 
grandchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as ' ' Highness " only, though the 
husbands of those daughters of ten receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
j sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
I latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. Those 
J of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-patt^e, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have, strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 

General Remarks.— The rules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complications that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed. 
All Peers of England are Peers of Parliament, and have been such from the creation of 
their titles, except in those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. In 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peerages of equally long standing, and upon the succes- 
sive Unions of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
Imperial titles and summoned to the House of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes only variations in 
rank — as "Baron A." in place of " Earl of A. ," or Earl instead of Marquess, or vice versa 
— the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
(which they most frequently are, but with numerous exceptions), the respective Peers' 
ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term ' ' Imperial " is convenient 




as covering three variations entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to June 20, 1707, are classed as "Peers of England" and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of 1800 all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland were called " Peers of Great Britain ; " and 
creations from the 1st of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as "Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages cf older date than the Union which had become extinct — a 
function which had been dropped by her late Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Bathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived in the case of Baron Curzon of Kedleston, to allow of his intended return to 
the House of Commons instead of entering the Lords (see below). One apparent 
exception to the exclusion of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case 
of the Elected Representative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by 
their native titles, but do not hold them as hereditary members — those of Ireland as Life 
Peers, and those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further 
under " Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottish Peer; but an Irish Peer who has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself (such election, however, would 
involve his being summoned to any royal function as an M.P. and not a Peer). Viscount 
Palmerston, so long member for Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent 
ones have been afforded by Lords Fermoy, Kensington, Muneaster, Dunsany, and the 
Earl of Cavan, and we have two at present in Viscount Valentia and Earl Winterto-n. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 
quesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a rule without this word. 
But to this rule there are exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, in spite cf identity 
with the family name (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles Ashburnham, 
Cholmondeley, Coventry, Craven, Graham (Marquess, not Earl), Lytton, and Onslow, 
whilst it is omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, Brownlow, 
Camden, Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Ferrers, Manvers, MountCashell, Sondes, 
Strange, Temple of Stowe, and Winterton. Again, a local title does not always give 
the place of the Peer's principal residence, as to which see the final paragraph under 
" Devonshire," and in particular there appears to have been a special fancy in the Irish 
Peerage for selecting a title apparently English or Scottish, though in reality that of 
some obscure or imaginary place in Ireland — as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Fife, Kensington, 
Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of which titles are (or were originally) of Irish creation. 
The following is a revised list of all the titles in use of Marquesses and Earls which 
omit the " of : ' in modern practice : 












De Grey 
De La Wan* 
Egerton of T. 

Fife (Irish title) 























Temple of S. 


W aide-grave 

Descent or succession of nobility commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for whilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, and in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher Peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
aale descent except in the two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of whom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into abeyance," for which subject see below in the third 
paragraph under "Barons." A somewhat similar _ exercise of the prerogative to that 
oy which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


"House of Lords," of summoning to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. At a Peer's death his eldest son will succeed as a matter of course ; 
but a more remote relative will be required to prove hi^ claim, and this may involve a 
delay, sometimes of nine months. The succession to different titles is likely to perplex the 
novice, who finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom 
lapsed but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." There may be " limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though "extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general, "or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term i3 "heirs made general"); or a 
"special remainder" may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But 
the ordinary lav/ is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former 
bearer of the same. The direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a son to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his son or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heir, then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late Baron had been created an Earl, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special" or "general " remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one who was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a few patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may be 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if the Peerage 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires. 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the House of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belonging to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not compelled) to attend, when each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the Pvoya 1 Gallery, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
white rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts were called in to give advice 
in the case of legal difficulties, and about two hundred members of the House of Peers 
sat as both judges and jury, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon their 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this will have been the last. In cases of misde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tried by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinary 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
not liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
the Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Eorester there is, moreover, 
attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated with exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order — availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Ferrers — if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edward the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason, 
it annuls the title for ever (unless restored) ; but if only for felony, then if the title was 

8 Introduction. 

granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case 
of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a 
descendant through a collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue 
came to an end ; but if the peerage was held by letters-patent the attainder would 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be 
met with in the Directory of an attainder being removed by Act of Parliament ; and 
then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities as to how many 
Peers of the title there have been. 

The arms of all Peers contain "supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical 
figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, 
not "as Baronets," we are told, but the exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland 
rather the rule j even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. 

Dukes. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been 
primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl ; but its first 
employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of 
Edward the Third, when the Black Prince, who was already Earl of 
Chester, though not as yet Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. 
In English usage it is thus less ancient than either Earl or Baron, though 
the military term "Dux" was common even among the Anglo-Saxons, 
whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke (indeed, it is 
remarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for their 
tardiness in permitting the adoption by their subjects of an honour so distinguished 
among themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was the next creation, and 
others followed, though so sparingly that when in 1572 the Duke of Norfolk was 
executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was speedily revived, 
however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Richmond (extinct line) and 
Buckingham were created in 1623 ; whilst Charles the Second restored with full pre- 
cedence the attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles in 
the English Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and 
Peer; the Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier Duke of Scotland, and the Duke of 
Leinster (1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are 
—22 Imperial (besides Princes of the Blood Royal), 7 Scottish (besides the heir to the 
throne), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created by the ceremony of girding on a 
sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. They are now, like Peers 
generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled in official language " Most 
Noble," but conventionally and more commonly " His Grace ; " in very formal style 
he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and Noble Prince," and by the 
Sovereign, "Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin," adding "and 
Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," according to Blackstone, 
began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in some way with every Earl in 
the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the others, Barons only excepted. 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over 
a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger 
Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- 
berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, 
as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white 
taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- 
zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold 
lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives 
place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, 
the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same 
occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of which is furred with miniver five 
inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black 
ermine : train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet is a miniature of the Duke's 
(page 14). 

A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore 
follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

* Ermine takes its name from the ermine weasel, which in winter is pure white with the exception of the ck 
tips of the tail : these tips are used to form the variegations in the regular ermine as well as the dark bars. 
Miniver is strictly the pure white fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied to 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq., 

commonly called the Marquess of ." As a rule, he takes by courtesy his father's 

second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," and once (Somerset) only "Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only "Right Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
A Duke's younger sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never taking the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word "Lord "to their Christian names. So a Duke's 
daughters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
ness, " and rank after these and the wives of Dukes' eldest sons ; whilst if a Duke's 
daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Marquesses. — The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Richard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of Dublin, 
when the King performed the ceremony of girding on a sword and placing 
a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made 
the Earl of Somerset Marquess of Dorset ; but no further instance occurs 
till the reign of Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from 
Marchio, a title previously applied to both Earls and Barons, especially those 
who were "Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The 
French form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means 
gone out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in Thoms's 1 Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption 
as a travelling-title — which it must be confessed is rather a reason for wishing it abolished 
than for proving it to be wrong: indeed, in old usage we have met with the form 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marquis." We have, however, both here 
and in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the more favoured form 
with the upper circles. The German title corresponding to it is Markgraf, which 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been \ 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which 
happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; 
but in the year 1532 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Roll of Marquesses so styled, is premier 
in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged in the Leinster dukedom, 
has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 23 Imperial Mar- 
quesses, 4 Scottish, and 10 Irish. The style of a Marquess is "Most Honourable," 
not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under "Dukes"). 

As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called "pearls "), slightly raised on points (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry-leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller; her robe has three and a half bars of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, whilst the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 

A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of "Dukes" applies here also. 
See, for all degrees, the " Table of Precedency and "Forms of Addressing." 

Earls.— This degree is much older than either of the preceding. Blackstone says that 
"Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much 
seems tolerably certain, that among the Saxons they were called Ealdormen, 
quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior or Senator among the Romans : 
and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil government of a 
several division or shire. On the irruption of the Danes they changed the 
name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their lan- 
guage. In Latin they are called Comites from being the King's attendants. . . . After the 

i o Introduction. 

Norman conquest they were called Counts* or Couniees from the French ; but they did not 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires are from them called counties to its 
this day." This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans with siinpty an altered J 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriates who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 1 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the j ' 
Third the two ranks of "Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only L 
dignities existing in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two 
or perhaps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons — within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. _ A 
lower order was made Earl cf a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denarium or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court ; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst ^ in 
Scotland and Ireland the proportion is larger still — in Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quita so 
disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are — Imperial 125 (1 female), Scottish 45, Irish 62. " Eor many centuries," says Sir Harris 
Nicolas, f "earldoms have always been conferred by letters-patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of creating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in this country, 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Roll the Earl of Shrewsbury and 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year nco, being given precedence 
of 1404 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1228), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl upon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland 
we have been directed to the earldom of Karrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde mar- 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a believer in its genuineness, can find no proof as 
to when such title was conferred, and thus the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) 
must stand first in antiquity (1316), whilst the Earl of Waterford (1446), who is also 
Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, 
and Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
Sovereign, " Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under " Dukes "). 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of anj>- other 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden rays which reach to the 
top of the cap and have small golden strawberrj^-leaves alternating between them. His 
mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine. A 
Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of ermine, 
a miniver edging three inches in breadth, and a train a yard and a half on the ground. 

An Earl's eldest son is "born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that 
courtesy -title ; but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected. 
Younger sons are esteemed as equal to Barons, but all daughters as Viscountesses; these 
latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
(though only a part of that unfair elevation of daughters over all sons but the eldest 
which runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies" and 
"Right Honourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables." 
Again see at the conclusion of 1 ' Dukes "and under ' ' Peers by Courtesy " and ' ' Addressing. " 

* The title "Count" is now purely honorary in France. 

t As the name of this learned herald is liable to be misspelt vra may observe that its correct and complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (familiarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," as Hood calls him in ' luiss Kilmansegg '). 

The Peerage and its Degrees. n 

Viscounts. — Thisdegree, like that of Marquess, has been but sparingly conferred, though 
its numbers have been doubled during the past quarter of a century. The word, how- 
ever, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-comes, Earl's Deputy, 
which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal use in France ; 
but its first employment as designating a rank in the English nobility was 
in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated J ohn, Lord Beaumont, to the title 
of Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the 
' succession to heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been the one usually 
observed in the creation of any Peer. Twice the degree became extinct, but it was finally 
revived in 1550 by the elevation of Baron Ferrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor 
being now the Premier English Viscount. In Ireland this degree is proportionally more 
numerous than in England, there being now 37 to English 43, the premier being Viscount 
Gormanston (147S) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it. numbers but four (now that that of 
Strathallan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falkland (1620) for premier 
upon the Roll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Earl of Mar a,nd Kellie, as holder of the 
premier viscounty. At first a viscounty was simply the advancement of a barony, and then 
its superior accompaniment ; but modern Viscounts have usually no second title, though 
exceptions do crop up as in the creation in 1900 of Viscount Ridley, who is also Baron 
W ensleydale. It is stated in ' The Book of the Court ' that any English Premier on 
retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice it would be far better to say this of every 
Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the Premiers of the nineteenth century, we 
note three who were made Earls, one a Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired 
without any advancement, the remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon 
entering office. A Viscount is designated by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and 
well-beloved cousin." The word " cousin " does not extend to Barons. 

The insignia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls (this 
is the number enjoined at coronations, but fourteen may often be found in books) ; 
and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine (i.e. three on the right side 
and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son and his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no definite equivalent, now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsolete, but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title " Honourable." 

Basons.— The word "Baron" is supposed to have been derived from the Celtic Berov 
Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural Barones). The 
Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegnes or "Thanes," and these terms, as 
well as the later one "Baron," were applied, both for ecclesiastics and lay- 
men, to those men of rank who were about the King. " Baron " came thus, 
for a time, to be prefixed to the names of saints (e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), 
and after it "Monsieur" was similarly used down to the fifteenth century: 
in France the nobles would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of "Baron," and 
we read that the family of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la 
Chretiente." A Thane under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required 
to possess " fully five hides of his own land," together with a church, a " borough-gate " 
where he could dispense justice on the Scripture model, and a "kitchen and bell-house " 
for the exercise of hospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. 
The Normans either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule 
that, we come to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure 
in the history of this degree. 

These were the Batons by Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
of them were leading citizens, they were as distinctly subordinated to the Earls of their 
respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordinate to themselves. But 
this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons" was used^conventionally I or 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montfort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as " Simon de 
Montfort with other Barons," though in the same sentence he speaks of the "Earls and 
Barons of the realm of England." And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 

1.2 Introduction. 

immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were 
"Barons and Earls" to the King became "Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached 
■to each " fee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons 
to the Great Council. But by the time of John many of the Barons had become greatly 
impoverished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the whole of 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into 
Barones Majores and Barones Minores, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. 
These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively by the Sheriff : hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses (accomplished 1332). As yet, 
however, the Lower House was not really established, and the Greater Barons con- 
stituted the only regular Legislature for another half-century. Baronies by Tenure 
have now been long a thing of the past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there 
had been none "for many ages," though there is still an earldom — that of Arundel — 
which is attached to the ducal house of Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel 

The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted them were the Barons by Writ. We 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- 
self vouchsafed to direct his writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time was 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election, " along with 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear 
to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, 
and leaving the others to the Sheriff. The still existing Baronies then named are those 
of De Ros, Le Despencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), 
whilst in the line of Camoys (q.v.) the first Baron by writ was originally summoned 
twelve days earlier than any of these. Following this we read of writs of summons 
in the nth year of Edward the First (1283), constituting a small number of Barons, 
among whom were those of Mowbray and Segrave (titles since united in one noble- 
man) ; whilst in the 22nd of the same King there was published a decree commanding 
some sixty persons "to attend the King wherever he might be, to advise on the affairs 
of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients Peers of 
Parliament is by no means clear. In the year that followed, however (June 24, 1295), an 
unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one of its recipients. 
The writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony 
(Blackstone states that some had supposed two sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas 
shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the lineal heirs both male and 
female. These writs are of the class termed Brevia clausa, from being " closed up " with 
yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
are occasionally brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
stated under " General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
or daughter's descendant. In the case of females, primogeniture is disregarded in the 
succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family, nor yet with 
Peers of Scotland ; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 
succession, not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ; but see under 

* Mr. Walford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the effect that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th year of Henry 
the First) giving the degrees and seats of the Lords arid Commons of that year as constituting one united body. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 

" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more than one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson (i.e. a son of one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the L 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only). Thus the abeyance j 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a . 
prerogative of the Crown which enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
first co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The succession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by letters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage ; in that of a male holding 
no such higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any new creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Roll of the Lords, for, 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons by Patent. Though a patent is now the only form 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern 
innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the 
Second in 1387. From this date for a long period the processes of writ and patent were 
followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the Great Seal, 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — genera lly limited to his own heirs male. Up ; 
to the thirteenth year of James the First the creation by letters-patent was accompanied 
by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver ; but in that year it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all there are now 345 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, with 65 Irish, but only 
26 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Boll is that of De Bos 
dating from 1264. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," we find the Earl of Crawford holding the lordship of Lindsay of 
Crawford (1398), whilst Baron Forbes (1445) stands first upon the Boll (Gray and 
Saltoun, however, are slightly earlier). But the oldest barony of all is in the Irish 
Peerage, where (disregarding those which were by tenure at first only) that of Kingsale 
(1172) stands first upon the Roll, though its only certain title is by tenure (Sir John de 
Courcy, the famous English champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having 
received no peerage whatever). A Baron is conventionally called " Lord," and is 
addressed by the Sovereign as "Our right trusty and well-beloved" (without "cousin"). 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
"Baron" in the official titles. On this see further under "Scottish and Irish Peers" 
(page 20). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet — which from the time of Charles the Second 
has been denoted by six silver balls — and the mantle with two bars of black fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though ' 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and 
daughters without distinction take the designation "Honourable." 

Note on Coronets and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending 
in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading ; 
insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be \ 
chased only. All alike have the cap of vel vet, lined with white silk and turned up with 

1 4 Introduction. 

spotted ermine (page 8, note). The following are the distinctions among crowns and 
coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereign—* crosses-pattc"e and 4 fleurs-de-li3, with 2 arches. 
Prince of lVales—f\\Q same with only 1 arch. 
Princes of " Blood Royal "—the same with no arch. 

Princesses of ditto— 2 crosses-pattee, 2 strawberry-leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 
Princes and Princesses of " the Blood "—4 crosses-pattee and 4 strawberry -leaves. 
Dukes— 8 strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry -leaves and 4 " pearls " (silver balls) slightly mounted. 
Earls— 8 pearls mounted on high golden rays with leaves alternating. 
Viscounts— 16 pearls, not mounted. 
Barons— 6 pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage (a3 to which see "Insignia" under "Dukes") the 
differences consist in the number of bars or guards of ermine upon those worn on state 
occasions in Parliament, and the corresponding number of rows of ermine-spots upon 
the Coronation robes — Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above 
in loc. ), Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The coronation mantles 
of Peeresses vary thus : 

Duchesses ... 5 inches miniver border, 4 bars ermine, 2 yards train. 
Marchionesses 4 „ „ „ 3? ,, „ i| „ „ 

Countesses ... 3 „ „ „ 3 ,, „ ii ,, ,, 

Viscountesses 2$ „ „ „ 2* ,, „ il ,, „ 

Baronesses ... 2 „ „ ,, 2 „ „ 1 yard „ 

Akchbiskops. — The general chai-acter of this division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Archbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-seven Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) against ten in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, whilst his colleague follows after 
that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
All England" and "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself " By Divine 
Providence " and the other "By Divine Permission," as do the Bishops. To the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal 
Family, the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that 
" wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners" 
(the Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the First, Edward the Second, Queen 
Mary, and William the Third) ; the Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the 
Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Previous 
to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishop of York crowns the Queen-Consort, and is consti- 
tuted her perpetual chaplain. This Archbishopric is more ancient than that of Canter- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 A.D. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Canterbury, owing to a suggestion from Archbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown 
upon some Scot or Dame! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Your 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state 
that they do not differ from those of Bishops, but the ' Encyclopedia Britannica ' 
asserts that they rise out of ducal coronets, though adding that the decoration is 
" without authority : " see at close of "Bishops." 

Bishofs. — There are at present thirty-five diocesan Bishops in the English Church 
in addition to the two Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own dioceses. There 
are also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such, do not form a 
part of the Peerage. The twenty -seven sees or dioceses in the Province of Canter- 
bury are : 

Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chichester, Ely, 
Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, London, Norwich, 
Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salis- 
bury, Southwark, Southwell, Truro, Winchester, Worcester. 
The ten of York Province are : 

Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripen, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, York. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 


Of these, Birmingham, St. Albans, Southwark, Southwell, and Truro in the former 
list, and Pipon, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, and 'Wakefield in the latter, are 
] of recent institution, the original total having been twenty-four, in addition to the 
; see of Sodor and Man, the occupant of which has still an honorary seat in the House 
of Lords, without a vote or liberty to join in the debates, having his own legislative 
position in the Manx House of Keys. When an increase upon the original twenty-four 
was commenced, it was enacted that new appointees should not sit in the House of 
1 Lords until vacancies arose among their seniors, the new prelate chosen to fill the vacancy 
being placed in turn at the foot of the junior list, so that the former number of seats in 
the House should never be exceeded.* Thus the newly-created sees rank on full equality 
with the old, and a rotation is maintained among their occupants which, except as to the 
statement in the next sentence, follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special 
feature consists in the continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, 
and Winchester, who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. 
In fact, we come to have four classes or series among the thirty-five Bishops : 

1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty-one seniors of the remainder — Peers through seniority. 

3. Ten juniors— awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man — incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given in Whitakeb's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that in which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Earons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order — London, Durham, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should " precede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This section of our work obtained, for its issue in the year 1900, the privilege of hisrh 
ecclesiastical supervision, having been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the 
English Church and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, since elevated 
to the bishopric of Gibraltar. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the 
"diversity between important persons;" the second pronounced that "Bishops are 
Peers of the Realm," and that " all Bishops are Lords Bishops;" whilst the third 
favoured us with the following valuable paper : 

" Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in the Witan, together with the Ealdormen and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Great Council 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the House of Lords. Their 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be 
summoned in like manner as barones, still, however, retaining much of their earlier 
character as sapienies or 'Spiritual Lords of Parliament.' Both characters have been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past— in respect both 
of his barony and of his personal status as Earl Palatine of the County of Durham and 
Prince Bishop— by making his appearance at a review ' in a lay habit of purple, with 
jack boots and Lis hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

" Upon the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided that the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should be represented in 

* But a Bishop who has once attained the seniority will not forfeit his seat in the Lords though he accepts 
translation to another see that may be vacant. This was exemplified in 189s on the Bishop of Newcastle 
becoming Bishop of Chichester, and again in 1903 upon another Bishop of Newcastle changing to St. Albans ; yet 
again in 1905 on the Bishop of Worcester going to Birmingham and the Bishop of Rochester to Southwark : the See 
vacated goes in these cases to the foot of the list. 

1 6 Introduction. 

'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of their 
number chosen 'by rotation of sessions.' Of the four Archbishops one sat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bishoprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes ; and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1869, the Irish 
Bishops were excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
precedency is now shared by the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. 

" The question whether the Bishops who have seats in Parliament are Peers of the 
Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term 
' Peer ' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
judgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
exempt from secular jurisdiction on the same grounds. These were ecclesiastical 
provisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
privileges of peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that ' they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
not Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of peerage which the Bishops once 
possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

" A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
' Lord Bishop,' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves. 
But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as ' Lord 
Bishop,' and this not by virtue of any special grant — still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be given to all Bishops at the present day, is 
another question." 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed 
to us the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion 
and practice came out clear beyond mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others we find a gradual shading 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter 
of right is concerned, the title "Lord Bishop" belongs not only to English diocesan 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess 
patents (a form now disused) have had it therein expressly conveyed ; and even as 
to the English Bishops Suffragan, when a small number of these were created in the 
16th century they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to be deduced. There were 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dominus Episcopus " 
was applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their 
address. But now, when the numbers of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, 
we find that this form has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Church still in office have come to be styled "Lords Bishops:" the 
Suffragans are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actually dis- 
senters from the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expressly answered our enquiry with, " No, this style is 
happily not customary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclaimer, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
"Lord" where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its omission : one clerical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
address "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an American Missionary or "Foreign" Bishop) 
without bein^ reproved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 17 

"Right Reverend Sir " is beginning to be dropped for the English style. A retired 
Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching to the see and not 
to the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somewhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Right Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord." The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but "Bishop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ;" still his personal address 
is "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissary is simply the agent of a Colonial or other prelate. 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our f ormer opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 
prominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
he it was) could have laid it down to us that they were Peers of the Realm is something 
incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of their office alone, and 
that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves, usually not gaining their seats 
till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My Lord ") as purely 
commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called "Peers 
of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in which it 
might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. This statement must cover even the remark 
attributed to the late Bp. Creighton that he was the holder of a " barony : " the Standing 
Orders of the House of Lords most expressly lay it down that " Bishops are not 

Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdivision of a diocese 
or yielding an unlocalised assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguished by some 
topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
"Nottingham," "Penrith," &c, have disappeared, whilst new titles crop up from year 
to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomalies as 
"Bedford " and "Marlborough" recently in the diocese of London ; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old, thus actually remaining a " Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suffragan to be consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had been consecrated already (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics in the various dioceses as at present constituted are as follows : 

Canterbury — Dover, Croydon. 
Carlisle — Barrow-in-Furness. 
Durham — Jarrow. 
Exeter— Crediton. 
L incoln — Grantham . 

London— Stepney, Islington, Kensington. 
Manchester — Burnley. 
Norwich— Thetford, Ipswich. 

Peterborough— Leicester. 
Eipon— Richmond, Knaresborough. 
St. Albans— Colchester, Barking. 
St. David's— Swansea. 

So uthtva rk— Kingston-on-Thames, Woolwich. 
Southwell — Derby. 
Truro— St. Germans. 

Winchester— Guildford, Southampton, Dorking. 

Oxford— Beading. York— Beverley, Hull, Sheffield 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Birmingham, Chester, Chichester, Ely, Gloucester, 
Liverpool, Llandaff, Newcastle, Rochester (from 1905), St. Asaph, Salisbury, Sodor and 
Man, Wakefield, or Worcester ; whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there is a Bishop Assistant 
in Bath and Wells, Bristol, Hereford, and Lichfield : there are also Assistants in addi- 
tion to Suffragans in London, Manchester, and Peterborough. 

Coadjutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
Missionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their superiors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere. 

* There were but two or three Suffragan sees actually constituted out of this 26, and upon their holders 
dying out no successors were appointed, so that from 1507 to 1870 the title had no distinctive existence in the 
Established Protestant Church of England. Still, in this Church as in that of Rome, all Bishops not Metropolitans 
are sometimes called Suffragans, and from this circumstance a former correspondent of ' Crockford ' was led to 
pronounce an essential difference between Suffragan Bishons and Bishops Suffragan. We have followed his 
harmless caution, but successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of uo practical moment. 




A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, and having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Durham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two "orbs." If the Archbishops adopt this style of one of their own subordinates, 
it will surely be generally desired that usage should ere this have supplied them with 
the " authority " said to be lacking. The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating 
in a crook, is still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from 
a crosier) is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage. — Even neglecting the above degrees of Dukes, 
Marquesses, Earls, &c, we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars se8 the two following divisions) : 

I. The House of Lords. 

1. Peers created. 

(1) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Law Lords). 

(3) Official Peers (Lords Spiritual). 

2. Peers elected. 

(1) For Life (Irish Representative peers. 
(*} For one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 

II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Pull Rank. 

(1) Scottish Peers 1 Many of these sit in the House. of Lords either under Imperial titles or 

(2) Irish Peers / as Representatives. 
a„ Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession). 

(2) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles. 

(*) Eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters "). 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and Marquesses' eldest sons. 

(3) Younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons. 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 

(6) Daughters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 


Classification of Degrees.— The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these are accordingly specified 
separately. Up to the date of our going to Press, the list stands as under : 

Princes of the Blood Royal 







r.arons (exclusive of Bn. Gardner) 

Scottish Representative Peers 

Irish ditto 


Life or a Term. 


House of 610 

9 Minors -=619 

Forms of Admittance.— The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole 
Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the 
heading of " Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons 
are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions, it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal' of England. It 
may almost be added that no new peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
them a right to sit in tho House of Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her j but the 

The House of Lords. 


ower of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
ave lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters-patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" near 
the end of the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 
son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
tille and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the issue of such writs centuries ago, and 
that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Representative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 
informing him of the re-assembling of the House. 

The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
either to the creation, succession, or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
King of Arms (or "Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and J 
writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 1 
who enjoins that his credentials shall be read ; the oaths are next administered, the writ j 
handed over for keeping by the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his | 
seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 
Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat. 

It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 
bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 
Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Arrangement and Procedure. — Two thrones are provided for the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers constitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. The House gives its votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering "Content" or "Not Content,'' 
but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
Lord Chancellor himself participates in the vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House as the 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose .presence,, or that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part both in the debates and the voting.* The Peers, by a 
Standing Order in 1868, have dropped the right of voting by proxy, but members may 
■mter upon the journals of the House (if within 48 hours) their individual protest against 
any measure which has received the sanction of the majority. The House is the 
ultimate Court of Appeal, those Peeis who have been Judges being the acting members: I 
j nevertheless it was decided in 1905, in the case of Lord Coleridge, that a Peer might 
j continue a K.C. and even plead at the bar of the House, though not before a Committee 
or in a criminal case (this K.C. ceases now that Lord C. has become a Judge). 

Hereditary Peers. — Our two tables have brought out the fact that there are Peers 
of Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and 
! Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, shows that the 

I * The "Lord High Chancellor of England" finds his more exalted functions in hja position as the first judicial 
j officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. For particulars see 'Lor.: 
i Iligh Chancellor," under the "Official Glossary." further ori. 

P I 



former class of exceptions are comparatively few. These are noticed in our next two 
paragraphs, whilst the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary 
Peers within the House, but not succeeding by heredity thereto. 

Life Peeks. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small 
number of Law Lords, at present five. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 in 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of Appeal into Life Barons 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired (the late Lord Chief Justice was 
also a Life Peer). There have up to the present been fourteen such appointments (in addi- 
tion to the preceding, who was afterwards made an hereditary Baron, as was the late 
Lord Morris), namely, Lords Blackburn, Bowen, Davey, FitzGerald, Gordon, Hannen, 
Morris, Watson, and Russell of Killowen, who are deceased, and Lords Atkinson, 
Collins, Macnaghten, Lindley (retired), and Robertson, who are still living. The wives 
of these Peers take the title of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the 
children of Life Peers now rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the 
courtesy -title "Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Spiritual, already described under the 
preceding division. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on 
condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops/" 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their wives and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop 
being simply " Mrs." 

Peers Elected.— We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Representa- 
tive Peers, both of which are full Peers of their respective nations, and are elected by 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 
omissions under Irish Roll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life ; those 
of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-elected at every fresh Parliament. Elected Peers 
do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new Parliament. 


Scottish and Irish Peers.— The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barons, differ broadly from that of England in 
their not conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, there are^ very many who, as fully enumerated upon 
page 36, possess Imperial hereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native 
ones — in fact, this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland, and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earls, Barons, &c, see under those degrees, 
rs per Index). 

The Scottish Peerage in its early beginnings comes to us under a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet bears the Gaelic form of M6rmhaor(usually printed 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this distinction 
were the predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under that title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 11 14 as one of "the Seven 
Earls " connected with the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have 
held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of only the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to 
have been merged under this one wider term, just as we had it above (page n) 

* It may here be remarked upon this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word 
"Scotch ;" the people are "Scots," and their adjective is "Scots "or "Scottish." Their Education Department has 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may turn up from time to 
time, such as "Scotch whisky," "Scotch snuff," "Scotch haggis," "Scotch thistle," "Scotch kale," "Scotch rniffc " 
and Scotch terrier." Again, the Scotsman Boswell uses the form " Scotch" repeatedly in his 'Life of Johnson ' 
so that certainly no one can say that " the decree has been made absolute." 

The Outside Peerage. 


in the case of "Simon de Montfort with other Barons," for the Scottish nobility 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the lands, already designated 
earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going 
to the eldest inheritor only). But James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament," and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl," acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (now 45 against 26). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nobles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of English usage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Robert the Third in 1398 made his son 
Duke of Rothesay, and his brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland, as observed on page 6, 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of primogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. 

In the Irish Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and this in spite of the fact 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively used for 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, but this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word "Baron" for a title of nobility. Irish Peers 
(see page 6) have the distinctive privilege of admission by election to the House of 

Peeresses in Own Right. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but frequently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some of 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict right in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by males will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
time take leave of that House. 

Scottish Lords op Session.— We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether ; 
for the word "Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately "Baron "and "Lord Chief 
Baron " were used. An Order in Council of February 1905 authorised the retention of 
the title for life, irrespective of retirement, and the style "Lady" is to be enjoyed by 
the wife, and to continue in widowhood though not after re-marnage ; but no distinction 
is conferred upon the children. " Lord" in this case takes the prefix " Hon." in place 
of the "Right Hon." of actual Lords. These Lords, thirteen in number, are included 
in our Directory, and a list of them will be found in Whitaker's Almanack. For the 
style of the two Presidents see the note under " Kingsburgh." 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions.— We are continually 
meeting in the papers with some title which belongs, or affects to belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fact, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
J flash in English society, or it may be a crash among English tradesmen ; while others 
1 are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 
We have given nearly all the names to be found in either ' Burke ' or ' Debrett, ' 
together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly sure to take steps for making their presence known. 



A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
Various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (De Longueuil), 
and about thirty holding Maltese, Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these we now supply, we believe, a complete 
list, including even those who hold uncouth Arabic titles : one of these last, the 
Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble of Malta, and as such was deputed to 
represent the Peerage of the island at King Edward's coronation. As a rule, a 
foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence in the British dominions, but some 
thirty of those held in Malta, are practically ''taken over" by our Government, and 
they take precedence at the British Court next after the Barons of Ireland ; in 
Malta itself, after members of the Council of Government. This they do regardless 
of designation, for in Malta the terms Marquess, Count, and Baron are treated as 
titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation alone governing 
their precedence, and the form of address being "Most Noble" irrespectively to 
all. _ I he adoption of these titles by our Government was in most cases (not quite 
all) in compliance with treaty obligations on our acquisition of the island, just as the 
above title of De Longueuil followed the cession of Canada by France ; there are a 
few, however, which have been provisionally accepted though not authorised by treaty. 
Besides Spain and Genoa, we find among the sources of these honours Austria, Naples, 
Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of Malta itself, these last supplying the only 
strictly Maltese peerages. Papal titles, being in the nature of ecclesiastical dignities, 
have never been recognised by the British Government in Malta. Turning from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," which the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our own aristocracy can append to their other titles that of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Roman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable means. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a "Spanish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom ; " and he adds that at least 120 British subjects hold foreign 
titles. We may briefly instance the French dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort (late), and 
Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; 
Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Reay's Dutch title, and the Earl of 
Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, there are the Austrian baronies of 
Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's Prussian barony of 
Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of Maranham, the Portuguese 
viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern (late) and earldom of Cape St. Vincent, 
the Italian dukedom of Gandolfi, and the Russian barony of Dimsdale. There are 
several honours hailing from Saxe-Ooburg, whilst Hanover, Hungaiy, and Sweden 
are cited as having contributed one each. 


Use of the Teems "Lord," "Lady," "Hon.," &c— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular conventional designation of a Baron, and frequently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patent or writ, as is especially noticeable 
in the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general term for 
any nobleman, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
used in the ease of the eldest sens of such of the higher Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is higher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title "Lady" 
is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases txcapt the fifth (the sixth is now included), 
by the daughters of Earls, and by the wives of Baronets, and, in practice, by those of 
Knights also. When the word "Lord, "or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian 
name, as "Alfred, Lord Tennyson," the title " Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the 
" Alfred " shows which one of the line is intended (the form " Lord Alfred " could only 
be the courtesy-title of some younger son as above); and so we have "Edward, Earl 
of Derby," " Maria, Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each 
nobleman is designated by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian 
names. The leading name suffices for less formal use. 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 


We have found it necessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we 
had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with 
which we have met, even amongst writers whom we should have assumed to be well- 
informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater 
fulness to those with whom the laws of address have long been as their ABC. In 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, 
Earl of Derby " are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " 1st Baron 
IV and "14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages we may hear of 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can never have this inversion of the Christian's 
name in either of the Peerages of our own islands. In fact, even in the use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than that of "Lord," so that 
such forms as "Viscount James Cranborne" are simply outrageous monstrosities- 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied term "Lord" is the 
courtesy-title of a younger son of some Duke or Marquess; then the addition of 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even 
here care must be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy-title of an eldest 
son, which, if " Lord," will usually be that of a barony included in his father's titles, 
whilst those of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname : thus we 
have Lords Stanley, Balcarres, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms 
of Derby, Crawford, and Cranbrook, and many similar titles will be found on 
glancing down the column of Eldest Sons of Earls in Whitaker's Almanack. In 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the word "Lady" the blunder is 
even more frequent ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms "Lady Anne," " Lady Jane," 
&c., must never be used except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown " or 
"Lady White," though if requiring distinction from other Ladies of the surname they 
may p?-efix their own Christian names, or if two ladies of the name chanced to be at 
Ihe same address the form "Lady (E.) Smith" can be adopted : these, however, are 
conventional resorts only, "for," says the late Lord Chamberlain (who kindly examined 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented 
at Court they would each be ' Lady Smith ' simply ; " whilst the bold device of invent- 
ing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady Douglas Smith," 
amounts at once to making a " Lord Douglas Smith " (instead of "Sir Douglas") of 
the husband. 

The prefix "Hon." is given personally to most Peers' issue (see "Earls" &c), and 
officially to all present or past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during 
olfice (not Lords Justices, who are all made Privy Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, 
vvho hold Life Peerages), to Lords of Session, but not their wives ("Hon. Lord," but 
"Lady " only), the Lord Provost of Glasgow &c. (during office), and to members of Exe- 
cutive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* The Parliamentary phrase "Hon. 
Member" implies no personal or official title, and it is a mistake to prefix "Hon." 
to Gentlemen Ushers: " Never with men," says our authority. " Right Hon." is the 
title of a Privy Councillor and of any Peer lower than a Marquess; Peeresses take the 
style of their husbands; and by courtesy either "Bt. Hon." or the commonly substituted 
' ' The " must be prefixed to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than 
" Hon.,"f a courtesy-Marquess being "Most Hon.," and "Rt. Hon." being preferable to 
"The " in the case of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Pt.Hon." is also 
given during term of office to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Pro- 
vost of Edinburgh (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady pre- 

* This use of the title, having its rules to some extent complex, has occasionally been applied too freely. It per- 
tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria, Tasmania, or the 
Cape, all of these memberships being life appointments ; also, during office, to Senators of Canada (with the 
speakers of both Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in 
a Colony possessing responsible government (by the King's permission the title may be retained by ex-members). 
Locally the " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the Speaker of 
a Legislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, some 45 in number, comprise all 
the British dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Cape). The designation of a 
Judge in a Colonial Supreme Court is less absolutely defined: in some Colonies it is "The Honourable Mr. 
Justice A.," in others merely " His Honour Judge B." 

t This statement having recently been challenged, we in 1904 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and were 
assured in answer that "younger sens and daughters styled Lord or Lady, and eldest sons bearing special courtesy- 
titles, are entitled to the term Rt. Hon. or the substituted article," though this is simply "a matter of usaga as is 
the courtesy-title itself." 

2 4 


viously " Hon." who has married a " Sir, 5 ' or else any lady who has married an " Hon. 
Sir,' 5 provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a mere office. 

The article " The" when prefixed to "Lord "or " Lady ' is a conventional substitute 
for "Kt. Hoii.," and the combination " The Lady" must, therefore, not be applied to 
the wife of a Baronet or Knight. Nevertheless " The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and 
" The Dowager Lady " (though only a Baronetess) are correct forms in addressing. 

Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles.— We first note that some of these are heirs 
to peerages, while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them 
quite a multiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternately, and in some 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother— may either step into his 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, continued to be called "Viscount Belgrave," his title during 
the life of his father, Earl Grosvenor). But we find deviations more or less from any 
of the titles of the fathers, as when the word "Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed 
to the family name (as is almost regularly done when the Peer bears no third title, 
and is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designation, whilst in the cases 
of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as those 
peerages have no second title attached); or in such cases as "Viscount Trafalgar" 
instead of "Viscount Merton of Trafalgar " for the late son of Earl Nelson, or "Lord 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of 
Kintore : again, " Lord Dromore " (instead of "Lord Gillford") for the present Earl of 
Clanwilliam whilst an heir. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is 
the eldest son of the heir, but never upon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a 
previous Peer), who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest 
sons of Viscounts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the 
titles of their fathers — this term having formerly been something more than a term of 
courtesy, for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their presence : at one 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" 
before their Christian names ; whilst the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 
"Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Crown or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon 
meet the difficulty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so with the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is "Earl," but not if it is 
"Viscount" (just as with the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron by Courtesy (an Earl's grandson usually) 
may be called " Master ; " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they 
will prefix "Lord "to their names,* but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable." 
Similarly the younger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled 
either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only "Honourables," as 
are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
styled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
Barons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be "Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord," and his next son 
" Lord John," the younger sons of the Duke can never be higher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any " Lord John " only Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord "of an eldest son and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being "Honourable," but not those of the latter. 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 

* It is worth noting that at the present time there is only a single instance in the entire Peerage of a Duke's 
younger grandson bearing the title of " Lord," that of Lord Claud David Hamilton, son of the Marquess of Hamilton, 
who was oorn in 1907 ; in all other cases possible either the son is an Earl by courtesy (in which event his younger 
sons are only " Honourable "), or he is a Marquess with no second son. 

Nomenclature of Peers' 1 Relatives. 2$ 

their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons take "Honourable" 
I like the sons. It will be observed, as already commented upon, that in the case 
of Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons, 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, whilst the sons 
| obtain only the title assigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality 
is only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons — an Earl's 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in 
that of Barons only. The distinction has the effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
! (before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and 
I in consequence of greater apparent honour ; whilst the term "Lady," as we have 
; already remarked, is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the 
prefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a 
j Baron marries a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of the 
higher value of the two (similarly, if the widow of a Baronet or Knight remarries to 
even the younger son of a Baron, she gains in precedence by becoming "Hon." 
instead of "Lady"). Granddaughters, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled "The Lady" if their father's title is either " Marquess " or 
" Earl," but if it is only " Viscount," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable'' only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons bear any 
title as such. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only " Lord," and the Duke's eldest son's 
eldest son will be level with an Earl even if termed only "Honourable :" what is said of 
the wife's rank at the end of the notes upon the next page is a favour to certain married 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscount or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secondly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's ; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Courtesy- 
Titles in present use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which we 
believe to be extant, will be found in their respective alphabetical positions in 
the following Directory. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atholl even exceeding twenty. 

On the Marriage of Peeresses, &c— The most essential rules may be thus briefly 
specified : 

The wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his own title, wholly irrespective of 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a 
Baroness being styled " The Bight Hon. Lady." 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." 
with no Christian name. 

The wife of aBaronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," "The Hon. Lady," &c. (see next page). 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her own Right retains her title after 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or 
even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is 
inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's widow who re-marries the case is in appearance the same as to 
retention of a former superior title; but it is so by etiquette only, for even if she 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned 
to any royal function,* although conventionally she will be known by whichever title 
is the higher, and if both are the same in degree, that of her husband will naturally 

* The Dowager Countess De La Warr who had just re-married to a commoner was allowed to be present as a 
Peeress for the single day of the late Coronation. 



be used, But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord 
by Courtesy, or to a commoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by 
her former marriage, and comes to her second husband in precisely the same rank 
in which she came to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher 
: than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usually gratifies her by 
; continuing the recent honour if desired. If the widow of a Lord by Courtesy, the same 
| remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any 
! daughter of a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, takes the rank of her husband, 
: whether it exalts or lowers her ; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title 
; of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank 
(governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as 
Earl, Viscount, &c), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by prefixing her 
! Christian name to her husband's courtesy-title (on the diverse practice see "Ingestre," 
| under " Shrewsbury ") ;* lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or an 
i eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own 
: rank, as denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise 
with him if previously beneath him, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become 
" The Lady " (a " Lady " marrying a Knight or Baronet continues " The Lady Alice " 
with only 'change of surname, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady" without 
Christian name, the " Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady " her married status, 
which in the other case has to be absorbed). But a married lady will never retain such a 
style as "the Hon. Alice; "and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be 
: omitted if he is the eldest living son of a living Peer, it must not be omitted, nor "Alice" 
! substituted, on the ground of his being a commoner himself : we give this on the direct 
' authority of the late Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous 
! care, complicated by the anomalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher 
than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal) : the daughter 
i of a Duke ranks higher than tho younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own 
' Christian name in preference to his ; but the daughter of a Marquess ranks only 
| as equal to a Duke's younger son, and consequently may take either his or her oxen 
Christian name after "Tho Lady" (his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice 
j upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : 

A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" will on marriage become "The Lady John" if 
her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain "The 
Lady Alice " if it was either the same or inferior : there is, however, an option of 
either style (but regularly the husband's) if higher by only one degree.f 
If entitled "Honourable" she will become " The Lady John" onmarrying a Peer's son 
designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another "Honourable" or a 
commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John. 
; It may be added to the above remarks that the ividoio of either a Lord by Courtesy or a 
1 younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her 
by a first (as distinct from one which was her own by birth), though here again custom 
humours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix "The Lady," but not 
that of " Honourable," which, however, many ladies still strive desperately to retain (a 
Baronet's widow has an express right to continue "Lady," with her late husband's sur- 
name, but a Knight's retains the distinction by courtesy only : again, if either of these 
marries an " Honourable," that title is really higher than "Lady "in her case). The 
daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honourable" will on 
tnarrying a "Sir" become "The Hon. Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was 
"Lady" (with a Christian name) sho will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," 

' Note that this v ill not happen in the case of manifige of any Peer's daughter to the eldest son of a Duke, for 
the wife's rank cannot possibly be higher thap his, ami she will therefore take (with the rank of a Marchioness) the 
regular femhiino of his own style whether Marquess, Kai l, or even Lent. This rule of precedence by actual rank 
regardless of style may seem at first Inconsistent with the hater half of the note that follows ; but the difference 
there denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
Ik epino herself superior to her unfortunate husband, 

t Only a knowledge of individual Instances can sometimes decide as to the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as wellss his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
Lady Florence and the others as Lady Robert and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception soon 
becomes evident : Lady Florence's husband is known as the Kev. Lord William Cecil, and there is another Lord 
Win. < lecil, son of t he 3rd Marquess of Exeter; the " Rev. distinguishes the husbands, but two " Lady Williams" 
tt-yuld be confusing. tSp the widow of Lord David Kennedy is known by preference as Lady Mary Kennedy. 
.Sometimes the option is extended to other cases, and a wife gracefully sinks her own rank 'in order to stand 
exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud Dundaj, though a Marquess's daughter, took the courtesy- 
: title of ViSCOuniCSS Milton until sho became Countess Fitzwilliam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a 
I Lady, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry Lord Francis, the younger son of a Marquess, she would 
; sink two degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis instead of Frances. 

2 7 

disregarding the " Sir." A commoner marrying any person of title whatever follows her j 
husband's style exactly, from "Duchess " downward to " The Lady John B." or "The Hon. [ 
Mrs. Charles B." (thus the wife of an Earl's younger son is " Hon." only). As to the hu3- J 
band's Christian names, they may not always be needed after "Mrs." if no uncertainty is j 
caused by their omission, and in point of fact they are very frequently omitted even when 
uncertainty is caused ; the wife of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. 
Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the wife of a Scottish " Master'" (himself always 
"Honourable ") will be styled " The Hon. Mrs. N.," unless, of course, shewas previously 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remark that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife 
of a " Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. The late Lord 
Chamberlain further informed us in 1905, and his successor distinctly confirmed it in 
1907, that the rule as to omitting the Christian name from the wife of an eldest son 
does not apply to husbands lower than the Peerage, so that even the wife of the heir to a 
baronetcy is strictly "Mrs. John B." (however conventionality may incline). The 
above rules show that whilst a lady may often rise by marriage, there is only one case in 
which she can sink by it— that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual 
Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 
the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, whilst the others, 
though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and 
three degrees beneath her. 

A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; 
it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and ! 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, and compels i 
himself on marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. 

Peeks' Widows. — The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part I 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so that it is desirable to use it j 
with care, though, as being a form in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to j 
give offence when correctly applied. So long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is j 
unmarried, the widow of Ins predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was \ 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earlier Peer ; but as soon as (and for so I 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some way. If j 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new r Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes 
the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's mother whilst his grandmother is also living, then 
she takes the style "Mary, Lady A.," "Catherine, Countess of B.," &c. ; the elder 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." 

Divorcees. — Our remarks under "Modes of Addressing " (page 76) have been more 
than once challenged, though our rule is identical with that given by ' Debrett.' But 
conventionality is apt to override rules, especially in a case of gratifying the favoured 
sex. Thus, strange as it seems, a lady who has divorced her husba,nd continues very 
commonly to cling to his name, and if a title was attached it is a thing too precious to 
part with : indeed, one of the Judges in the recent Cowley appeal observed that he had 
never known a lady relinquish a title which she had once acquired (for the credit of the 
sex there are five or six such instances occurring in this book, but they are in the 
connection of re-marriage and not of divorce). Any title thus retained is of course, 
in 'Debrett's' words, "assumptive and worthless, and ought not to be recognised." 
He adds, " Divorced peeresses, no matter whether they have been divorced by, or have 
themselves obtained a divorce from, their husbands, do not receive a summons to a j 
Coronation." None the less the empty honour is claimed, so that, as it has been put to I 
us, "any person addressing such a lady without giving her the title must expect his 
letter to go unanswered ; " very likely, but not, to our mind, very creditable to the lady 
who so acts : divorce with retained style is the annulling of a bargain, but the keeping 
back of part of the price. In the case of a surname only the matter is not quite 
the same, for a person can adopt any name which is clear from the least lurking 
of fraud, so that if Mary Jones marries John Smith and then divorces him, there appears \ 
to be nothing absolutely to prevent her calling herself Mrs. Mary Smith (but no longer j 
Mrs. John Smith). 

2 8 



I. Titles on the Roll of the House of Lords. 

When the House appoints a Select Committee, the Lords appointed are named in the order of iheir rank, 
beginning with the highest; but when the whole House is called over the call begins with the Junior Baron. 
| Additions in square brackets are editorial, whilst we have substituted the more definite term " Baron " for that of 
"Lord," which is used in the Roll.] 

Royal Princes. 

1 H.R.H. The Prince of Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 

naught and Strathearn 

3 H.R.H. The Duke of Albany 
Archbishops and High State 


4 Archbishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancellor 

( = 601) 

6 Archbishop of York 

7 The Lord President of the 

Council ( = 242) 

8 The Lord Privy Seal (=190) 


9 Norfolk, Earl Marshal of 

England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon {D. of Hamilton) 

21 Portland 

22 Manchester 

23 Newcastle 

24 Northumberland 

25 H.R.H. The Duke of Cum 

bcrland and Teviotdale 

26 Wellington 

27 Sutherland 
20 Westminster 

29 Fife 

30 Argyll 


31 Winchester 

32 Lansdowne 

33 Townshend, Marq. 

34 Salisbury 

35 Bath 

36 Abercorn {Duke of A.) 

37 Hertford 

38 Bute 

39 Exeter 

40 Northampton 

41 Camden, Marq. 

42 Anglesey 

43 Cholmondeley 

44 Ailcsbury 

45 Bristol 

46 Ailsa 

47 Nonnanby 

48 Ripon 

49 Abergavenny 

50 Breaclalbane 

51 Dufferin and Ava 

52 Zetland 

53 Linlithgow 


54 The Lord Steward nf the 

Household ( = 147) 

55 Shrewsbury 

56 Derby 

57 Huntingdon 

58 Pembroke and Montgomery 

59 Devon 

60 Suffolk and Berkshire 

61 Denbigh 

62 Westmorland 

63 Lindsey 

64 Stamford 

65 Winchilsea and Nottingham 

66 Chesterfield 

67 Sandwich 

68 Essex 

69 Carlisle 

70 Doncaster {D. of Buccleuch 

and Queensberry) 

71 Shaftesbury 

72 Berkeley 

73 Abingdon 

74 Scarbrough 

75 Albemarle 

76 Coventry 

77 Jersey 

78 Poulett, Earl 

79 Mar {Elected for Scotld.) 

80 Pothes {Elected ft r Scotld.) 

81 Morton [Elected for Scotld.) 

82 Mar and Kellie {Elected for 


83 Haddington {Elected for 


84 Lauderdale {Elected for 


85 Oamwath {Elected for Scotld.) 

86 Northesk [Elected for Scotld.) 

87 Dundonald {Elected for 


88 Ferrers, Earl 

89 Dartmouth 

90 Tankcrville 

91 Aylesford 

92 Stanhope, Earl 

93 Macclesfield [a Minor] 

94 Graham, Earl {D.of Montrose) 

95 Waldegrave, Earl 

96 Ashburnham 

97 Harrington 

98 Portsmouth 

99 Brooke, Earl, and E. of 

100 Buckinghamshire 

101 Fitzwilliam, Earl 

102 Guilford 

103 Hardwicke 

104 Ilchester 

105 De La Warr, Earl 

106 Radnor 

107 Spencer, Earl 

108 Bathurst, Earl 

109 Hillsborough [M. of Down- 


110 Clarendon 

111 Mansfield 

112 Strange, Earl {D. of Atholl) 

113 Mount Edgcumbe 

114 Fortescue, Earl 

115 Carnarvon 

116 Cadogan, Earl 

117 Malmesbury 

118 Westmeath [Elecledforlreld.) 

119 Darnley {Elected for Ireld.) 

120 Mayo {Elected for Ireld.) 

121 Annesley, Earl {Elected tor 


122 Wicklow {Elected for Ireld.) 

123 Lucan {Elected for Ireld.) 

124 Belmore {Elected for Ireld.) 

125 Bandon {Elected for Ireld.) 

126 Rossi yn 

127 Craven 

128 Onslow 

129 Romney 

130 Chichester 

131 Wilton 

132 Powis 

133 Nelson, Earl 

134 Manvers, Earl 

135 Orford 

136 Grey, Earl 

137 Lonsdale 

138 Harrowby 

139 Harewood 

140 Minto 

141 Cathcart, Earl 

142 Verulam 

143 Brownlow, Earl 

144 St. Germans 

145 Morley 

146 Bradford 

147 Beauchamp, Earl ( = 54) 

148 Eldon 

149 Howe, Earl 

150 Stradbroke 

151 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

152 Kilmorey (Elected for Ireld.) 

153 Vane, Earl {31. of London- 


• Occupies this position both as Premier Duke, and as a High State Officer. 

t Under this and the following series the word Marq. or Earl is appended to the title ' 

without "of." 

Roll of the House of Lords. 


Amherst, Earl 
Cawdor, Earl 
Granville, Earl 


Innes, Earl (D. of Roxburgh?) 
Cowley, Earl 

"Winton (E. of Eglintoun 

[Eglinton & Winton]) 
Russell, Earl 
[Cromartie, Ctss. of] 
Cairns, Earl 
Sondes, Earl 
Carrington, Earl 
Crewe (=8) 

Egerton [of Tatton], Earl 
Roberts, Earl 


197 The Lord Chamberlain of the 

Household (=238) 

198 Hereford 

199 Falkland {Elected for Scotld.) 

200 Bolingbroke and St. John 

[vacant on Roll— a Minor] 

201 Cobham 

202 Falmouth 

203 Torrington 

204 Jjeinstex {Duke of L.) 

205 Hood 

206 Bangor (Elected for Ireld.) 

207 St. Vincent 
2o3 Melville 

209 Sidmouth 

210 Tem.'pletowniElected for Ireld.) 

211 Gordon {E. of Aberdeen) 

212 Exmouth 

213 Hutchinson (E. of Donougl 


214 Clancarty (Earl of C.) 

215 Combermere 

216 Canterbury 

217 Hill 

218 Hardinge 

219 Gough 
22b Halifax 

221 Bridport 

222 Portman 

223 Hampden 

224 "Wolseley - • 

225 Cross 

— [Hambleden, Yctss.] 

226 Peel 

227 Knutsford 

228 Llandaff 

229 Esher 

230 Goschen 

231 Ridley 

232 Kitchener of Khartoum and 

of the Vaal 

233 Colville of Culross 

234 Churchill 

235 Milner 
235 Selby 

237 Iveagh 

238 Althorp (=197) 

239 Tredegar 

240 St. Aldwyn 

241 Morley of Blackburn 

242 Wolverhampton 


243 London 

244 Durham 

245 Winchester 

246 Ripon 

247 Lincoln 
24S Salisbury 

249 Chester 

250 St. Asaph 

251 Lichfield 

252 Norwich 

253 Bath and Wells 

254 Hereford 

255 Southwark 

256 St. Albans 

257 Peterborough 

258 St. David's 

259 Bristol 

260 Wakefield 

261 Bangor 

262 Liverpool 

263 Oxford 

264 Birmingham 

265 Exeter 

266 Manchester 


— [De Ros, Bnss.] 

267 Mowbray 

268 Hastings 

— [Fauconberg and Conyers. 


269 De Clifford 

270 Clinton 

271 Zouche of Haryng worth 

— [Beaumont, Bnss.] 

272 Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Darcy de Knayth, Bnss.] 

273 Botreaux (E. of Loudoun) 

274 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, Bnss.] 

— [Berners,5«s?. ] 

275 Willoughby de Broke 

276 Vaux of Harrowden 

— [Wentworth, Bnss.] 

277 Braye 

278 North 

279 St. John of Bletso 

280 Howard de Walden 

281 Petre 

282 Saye and Sele 

283 Arundell of Wardour 
[Clifton, Bnss.] 

284 Dormer 

285 Teynham 

2»7 Byron 

288 Lucas 

289 Clifford of Chudleigh 

290 Barnard 

291 Saltoun (Elected for Scotld.) 

292 Sinclair (Elected for Scotld.) 

293 Borthwick(Elected for Scotld.) 

294 Torphichen (Elected for 


295 Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

296 Belhaven and Stenton 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

297 Boyle (E. of Cork and Orrery) 

298 Hay (E. of Kinnoul [Kin- 


299 Middleton 

300 Monson 

301 Ponsonby (E.of Bessborough) 

302 Scarsdale 

303 Boston 

304 Lovel and Holland (E. of 

305 Vemon [a 3Iinor] 

306 Digby 

307 Hawke 

308 Foley 

309 Dinevor [Dynevor] 

310 Walsingham 

311 Eagot 

312 Southampton 

313 Grantley 

314 Rodney 


316 Eerwick 

317 Sherborne 

318 TjTone (M. of Waterford) 

319 Carleton (E. of Shannon) [a 


320 Suffield 

321 Kenyon 

322 Braybrooke 

323 Fisherwick (M. of Donegall) 

[a Minor] 

324 Gage (Visct. 67.) 

325 Thurlow 

326 Auckland 

327 Mendip (Visct. Clifden) 

328 Stuart of Castle Stuart (E. of 


329 Stewart of Garbles (E. of 


330 Saltersford (E. of Courtown) 

331 Brodrick ( Visct . Midleton) 

332 Calthorpe 

333 Gwydir [Gwydyr] 

334 Bolton 

335 Lilford 

336 Ribblesdale 

337 Dunboyne (Elected for Ireld.) 

338 Inchiquin (Elected for Ireld.) 

339 Farnham (Elected for Ireld.) 

340 Massy (Elected for Ireld.) 

341 Muskerry (Elected for Ireld.) 

342 Clonbrock (Elected for Ireld.) 

343 Headley (Elected for Ireld.) 

344 Crofton (Elected for Ireld.) 

345 Langford (Elected for Ireld.) 




! 349 
I 351 
I 352 
i 353 
! 354 
I 355 
| 356 

' 357 


i 3^4 





37 Z 






1 393 
. 199 
: 400 



I 4°5 



I '3 


Ventry (Elected for Ireld.) 
Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 
Loftus (J/. o/A'ty) 
Carysfort (.EaW 0/ 0.) 
Ashtown (Elected for Treld.) 

Shettield (Earl of S.) 

Monteagle [MontEagle] (M. 

of Sligo) 
Granard (Earl of G.) 
Gardner [vacant] 

Castlemaine (Elected for 

Meldrum (31. of TJuntly) 
Grinstead (E. of EnniskUlcn) 
Foxford (E. of Limerick) 
Ker (if. of Lothian) 
Minster (Marq. Conyngham) 
Ormonde (Marq. of 0.) 
Wemyss (Earl of W.) 
Silchester (E. of Longford) 
Oriel ( Visct. Massereene) 
D clamor e 

Somerhill (M. of Otanricnrde) 
Wigan (E. of Crawford) 

Ranfurly (Earl ofR.) 




Rosebery [Earl of li.) 

Cla 11 William (Earl of C.) 


Kilmarnock (E. ofErroV) 

Fingall [Earl of F.) 

Sefton (Earl of S.) 

Clements (E. of LeUrim) 

Kenlia (M. of Head fort) 

Cha worth (E. of Heath) 

Dunmore [Earl of D.) 





De Sauniarez 

1 >enman 


De I/Me and Dudley 



Wbrlingham [E. of Goafo d 
Strathcdcn [and Campbell] 

' (raniii'M find I'.rowny 

(Elected for Ireld.) 

Kin tore (Earl of K.) 



De Mauley 

Wrol besley 



Stanley of Alderley 




Monteagle of Brandon 

Oxenf oord [E. of Stair) 

Congleton [a Minor] 
Bellew (Elected for Ireld.) 

De Freyne 
Saint Leonards 

Kenmare (Earl of K.) 

Talbot de Malalnde 

Chesham [a Minor] 





Brougham and Vaux 





Romilly [a Minpr] 
Meredyth (Bn. Athlumney) 
Kenry (E. of, and 

Mount Earl) 
Monck (Visct. M.) 
Hartismere [Bn. IleunUicr) 

Brancepeth (Visct. Boyne) 




Napier [of Magdala] 
Gormanston ( Visct. G.) 
Rathdonnell (Elected fa- 
ir eld.) 

Dunning (Bn. Rollo) 

Balinbard (E. ofSouthesk) 

Hare (E. of Listowel) 

j Toward of Glossop 







Ettrick (Bn. Napier [of Me - 
chistoun, Bn. Napier and 

Somcrton (E. of Normanton) 







Douglas IE. of Home) 

Ramsay (E. ofDalhousie) 

Fermanagh [E. [of] 




< lerard 



Shute (Visct. Barrington) 



488 Ardilaun 

489 Lamington 

490 Trevor 

491 Erabourne 

492 Ampthill 

493 Tweeddale (Marq. ofT.) 

494 Howth (Earl of B.) 

495 Reay 

496 Derwent 

497 Hothfield 

498 Tweedmouth 

499 Tennyson 

500 Strathspey (E. of Seafteld) 

501 Monk Bretton 

502 Northbourne 

503 Sudley (E. of Arran) 

504 Powerscourt 

505 Northington (Bn. Henley) 

306 Rothschild 

307 Revelstoke 
30'd Monkswell 

509 Ashbourne 

510 Saint Oswald 

511 Deramore 

512 Montagu of Beaulieu 

513 Elphinstone 

514 Herschell 

515 Hillingdon 

516 Hindlip 

517 Grimthorpe 

518 Stalbridge 

519 Kensington 

520 Burton 

521 Hamilton of Dalzell 

522 Brassey 

523 Macnaghten [Life Peer] 

524 Bowes (E. of Slrathmo-fe and 

Kinghorn [Kinghonie]) 

525 Monckton (Visct. Galway) 

526 Saint Levan 

527 Magheramorno 

528 Basing 

529 De Ramsey 

530 Cheylesmore 

531 Addington 

532 Savile 

533 Mount Stephen 

534 Masharn 

- [Macdonald of Earnacliffe. 

535 Ashcombe 

536 Blythswood 

537 Crawshaw 

53IJ Amherst of Hackney 

539 Newton 

540 Dunlcath 

341 Llangattoek 

342 Playfair 
513 Swansea 

544 Farrer 

545 Stanmore 

546 Rend el 

547 Welby 

548 Loch 

349 Wandsworth 

550 Ashton 

551 Burghclere 

552 James [of Hereford] 
",53 Rathmore 

554 Glenesk 
.-,55 Aldenbam 

356 Heneage 

357 Rosmead 
55.3 Kinnear 
559 Lister 

Roll of the Lords — Scottish Peerage. 

3 1 

560 Fairlie {E. of Glasgow) 

561 Dawnay ( Visct. Downe) 

562 Ludlow 

563 Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick] 

564 Inverclyde 

581 Allerton 

582 Barrymore 

583 Grenfell 

584 Knollys 

xxiv«xuiyue 585 Redesdale 

565 Strathcona and Mount Royal ! 586 Burnham 

566 Newlands 1587 Biddulph 

567 Farquhar 1588 Estcourt 

568 Muncaster 1589 Armstrong 

569 Curzon of Kedleston ( Elected 

for Ireld.) 

570 Glanusk 

571 Cranwortk 

— [Dorchester, Bnss.] 

572 Robertson [Life Peer] 

573 Northcote 

574 Avebury 

575 Lindley [Life Peer] 

576 Killanin 

577 O'Brien 

578 Alverstone 

579 Kinross 

^80 Shuttleworth 

590 Dunedin 

591 Leith of Fyvie 

592 Atkinson [Life Peer] 

593 Ritchie of Dundee 

594 Sanderson 

595 Waleran 

596 Knaresborough 

597 Northcliffe 

598 Michelham 

599 Faber 

600 Desborough 

601 Loreburn (-5) 

602 Fitzmaurice 

603 Weardale 

*#* This number is in excess of the total number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused 
by the following Lords being twice named in the Roll : 

Baron Loreburn as Lord High Chancellor and as Baron Loreburn (Nos. 5 and 601). 

Earl of Orewe as Lord Privy Seal and as Earl of Crewe (Nos. 8 and 190). 

Viscount Wolverhampton as Lord President and as Viscount Wolverhampton (Nos. 7 and 242). 

Earl Beauchamp as Lord Steward and as Earl Beauchamp (Nos. 54 and 147). 

Viscount Althorp as Lord Chamberlain and as Viscount Althorp (Nos. 197 and 233). 

[This deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to 620, which has, however, to be further reduced by 9 for 
the Minors, and 1 for the vacant Gardner Barony, after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the 
business of the House will be 610, which accords with that given under " House of Lords."] 

604 Haversham 

605 Hemphill 

606 Joicey 

607 Nunburnholme 

608 Winterstoke 

609 Colebrooke 

610 Courtney of Penwith 

611 Eversley 

612 Pirrie 

613 Glantawe 

614 Armitstead 

615 Allendale 

616 Collins [Life Peer] 

617 Airedale 

618 Swaythling 

619 Blyth 

620 Peckover 

621 Lcchee 

622 MacDonnell 

623 Marchamley 

624 St. Davids 

625 Holden 

II. Roll of the Scottish Peerage. 


1 Rothesay {Prince of Wales) 

2 Hamilton {D. of Brandon) 

3 Buccleuch and Queensbeny 

{E. of Doncaster) 

4 Lennox {D. of Richmond) 

5 Argyll {same title in U. K.) 

6 Atholl {Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose {Earl Graham) 

8 Roxburghe {Earl Innes) 


9 Huntly {Bn. Meld rum) 

10 Queensberry 

11 Tweeddale (Baron T.) 

12 Lothian {Bn. Ker) 


13 Crawford and Balcarres {Bn. 


14 Erroll {Bn. Kilmarnock) 

15 Sutherland {Duke of S.) 

16 Mar {Repres. Pee?-) 

17 Rothes {Repres. Peer) 

18 Morton {Repres. Peer) 

19 Buchan 

20 Eglinton and Winton {E. of 


21 Cassillis {31. of Ailsa) 

22 Caithness 

23 Moray {Bn. Stuart of Castle 


24 Mar and Kellie {Repres. Peer) 

25 Home {Bn. Douglas) 

26 Perth 

27 Strathmore [and Kinghorne] 

{Bn. Bowes) 

28 Abereorn {Marq. of A., Ir. 

Duke of A.) 

29 Haddington {Repres. Peer) 

30 Galloway {Bn. Stewart of 


31 Lauderdale {Repres. Peer) 

32 Lindsay 

33 Kinnoull {Bn. Hay) 

34 Jboudoun {Bn. Botreaux) 

35 Dumfries and Bute {Marq. of 


36 Elgin and Kincardine {Bn. 


37 Southesk {Bn. Balinhard) 

38 "Wemyss and March {Bn. 


39 Dalhousie {Bn. Ramsay) 

40 Airlie [a 31inor] 

41 Carnwath {Repres. Peer) 

42 Leven and Melville [a Minor] 

43 Dysart 

44 Northesk {Repres. Peer) 

45 Newburgh 

46 Dundonald {Repres. Pee? ) 

47 Kintore {Baron K.) 

48 Breadalbane {Marq. of B.) 

49 Aberdeen (Visct. Go?-don) 

50 Dunmore [Baron D.) 

51 Melfort, Countess of [dor- 


52 Orkney 

53 Seafield {Bn. Strathspey) 

54 Stair {Bn. Oxe?ifoo?-d) 

55 Rosebery {Baron R.) 

56 Glasgow {Bn. Fairlie) 

57 Hopetoun {Marq, of Linlith- 



58 Falkland {Repres. Peer) 

59 Stormont {E. of Mansfield) 

60 Arbuthnott 

61 Dumblane [Dun-] {D. of 



62 Forbes 

63 Saltoun {Repres. Peer) 

64 Gray, Baroness 

65 Cathcart {Earl C.) 

56 Sinclair {Repres. Peer) 

67 Sempill 

68 Hemes, Baroness 

69 Elphinstone {same title in 

U. K.) 

70 Lovat {same title in U. K.) 

71 Borthwick {Repres. Peer) 

72 Torphichen {Repres. Peer) 

73 Kinloss, Baroness 

74 Colville [of Cuh-oss] {Visct. 

C. of C.) 

75 Dingwall {Bn. Lucas) 

76 Balfour of Burleigh {Repres. 


77 Napier [of Merchistoun] \{Bn. 

Ettrick [Napier & Ettrick]) 

78 Fairfax of Cameron 

79 Reay {same title in JJ. K.) 

80 Forrester {E. of Verulam, Ir. 

Visct. Grimstoii) 

81 Elibank 

82 Eelhaven and Stenton 

{Repres. Pee?-) 

83 Rollo {Bn. Dunning) 

84 Ruthven 

85 Nairne {M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 

E. of Kerry) 
55 Kirmaird {same title inXJ. K.) 
87 Poly/arth 



III. Roll of the Irish Peerage. 

Peers marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, having never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minors). 


1 *Leinster (Visct. L.) 

2 Abercorn (Marq. of A., Sc. 

Earl of A.) 


3 "Waterford ( Bn. Tyrone) 

4 Downshire (E. of Hillsborough) 

5 *Donegall (Bn. Fisherwick [a 


6 Headfort (Bn. Kenlis) 

7 Sligo (Bn. MontEagle) 

8 Ely (Bn. Loftus) 

9 Londonderry (Earl Vane) 

10 Conyngham, Marq. (Bn. 


11 Ormonde (Baron O.) 

12 Clanricarde (Bn. Somerhill) 


13 Waterford [E. of Shrewsbury) 

14 Cork [and Orrery] (Bn. Boyle) 

15 Westmeath (Repres. Peer) 

16 *Desmond (E. of Denbigh) 

17 Meath (Bn. Chaworth) 

18 Fingall (Baron F.) 

19 Cavan 

20 Drogheda 

21 Granard (Baron G.) 

22 Fitzwilliam, Earl (same U.K.) 

23 Kerry [and Shelburne] (M. of 

Lansdowne, Sc. Bn. Nairne) 

24 Darnley (Repres. Beer) 

25 *Egmont (Bn. Lovel and 


26 Bessborough (Bn. Ponsonby) 

27 *Carrick 

28 * Shannon (Bn. Garleton) [a 


29 *Lanesborough 

30 Fife, Earl (Duke of F.) 

31 *Mornington (D. of Wellington) 

32 Arran (Bn. Sudley) 

33 Courtown (Bn. Saltersford) 

34 *Milltown [dormant] 

35 Mexborough 

36 "Winterton, Earl 

37 *Howth (Baron H.) 

38 Kingston 

39 Sefton (Baron S.) 

40 Eoden 

41 *Lisburne [a Minor] 

42 Clanwilliam (Baron 0.) 

43 MountCashell, Earl 

44 Antrim 

45 Longford (Bn. Silchester) 

46 *Portarlington 

47 Mayo (Repres. Peer) 

48 Annesley, Earl (Repres. Peer) 

49 Enniskillen (Bn. Grinstead) 

50 Erne, Earl [of] (Bn. Fer- 


51 Carysfort (Baron G.) 

52 Desart 

53 Wicklow (Repres. Peer) 

54 Clonmell 

55 Leitrim (Bn. Clements) 

56 Lucan (Repres. Peer) 

57 Belmore, Earl [of] (Repres. 


58 * Armagh (D. of Cumberland) 

59 Bandon (Repres. Peer) 

60 Castle Stewart, Earl [Earl 


61 Donoughmore (Visct. Hutch- 


62 *Caledon 

63 Kenmare (Baron K.) 

64 Limerick (Bn. F oxford) 

65 Clancarty (Visct. C.) 

65 Gosford (Bn. Worlingham) 

67 Rosse 

68 Normanton (Bn. Somerton) 

69 Sheffield (Baron S.) 

70 Kilmorey (Repres. Peer) 

71 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

(Bn. Kenry) 

72 Listowel (Bn. Hare) 

73 Norbury 

74 Banfurly (Baron R.) 


75 Gormanston (Baron G.) 

76 Mountgarrett [-et] 

77 Grandison (E. of J ersey) 

78 *Valentia 

79 Dillon 

80 Lumley (E. of Scarbrough) 

81 *Taaffe 

82 *Cholmondeley (Marq. of G.) 

83 Charlemont 

84 Downe (Bn. Dawnay) 

85 Molesworth 

86 Chetwynd 

87 Midleton (Bn. Brodrick) 

88 Boyne (Bn. Brancepeth) 

89 Grimston (E. of Verulam, Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

90 Barrington (Bn. Shute) 

91 *Gage (Baron G.) 

92 Galway (Bn. Monckton) 

93 Powerscourt (Baron P.) 

94 *Ashbrook 


97 De Vesci 

98 Lifford 

99 Bangor (Repres. Peer) 

100 Clifden (Bn. Mendip) 

101 Doneraile 

102 Harberton 

103 Ha warden 

104 *[Massereene and] Ferrard 

(Bn. Oriel) 

105 Monck (Baron 31.) 

106 *Avonmore 

107 Templetown (Repres. Peer) 

108 * Frankfort de Montmorency 

109 *Gort 

110 Guillamore 


111 Kingsale, Bn.of 

112 Trimleston [-town] 

113 Dunsany, Bn. of 

H4Dunboyne, Bn. of (Repres 

115 Louth, Bn. of 

116 Inchiquin,i?M.e)/ (Repres. Peer) 

117 *Digby (same title in Gt. Br.) 

119 Conway (M. of Hertford) 

120 *Carbery [a Minor] 

121 *Aylmer 

122 Farnliam (Repres. Peer) 

123 *Lisle 

124 *Clive (E. of Powis) 

125 Mulgrave (M. of Normanby) 

126 Newborough 

127 Macdonald 

128 Kensington (same titleJJ. K.) 

129 *Westcote (Visct. Cobham) 

130 Massy (Repres. Peer) 

131 Muskerry (Repres. Peer) 

132 Hood (Visct. H.) 

133 Muncaster (same title V. K.) 

134 Auckland (same title Gt. Br.) 

135 Kilmaine 

136 Cloncurry (same title U. K.) 

137 Clonbrock (Repres. Peer) 

138 "Waterpark 

139 Graves 

140 *Bridport (Visct. B.) 

141 *Huntingfield 

142 *Carrington (Earl C.) 

143 Rossmore (same title U. K.) 

144 Hotham 

145 Cremorne (E. of Dartrey) 

146 Headley (Repres. Peer) 

147 Teignmouth 

148 Crofton (Repres. Peer) 

149 Ffrench 

150 Henley (Bn. Northington) 

151 Langford (Repres. Peer) 

152 De Blaquiere 

153 Dufferin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] (M. of Dufferin 
a?id Ava) 

154 Henniker (Bn. Hartismere) 

155 Ventry (Repres. Peer) 

156 *Wallscourt 

157 Dunalley (Repres. Peer) 

158 Clanniorris 

159 Eadstock 

160 Ashtown (Repres. Peer) 

161 Clarina 

162 * Gardner (vacant— -same tide 

U. K.) 

163 Rendlesham 

164 Castlemaine (Repres. Peer) 

165 Decies 

166 Garvagh 

167 Talbot of Malahide (Tali, de 


168 *Carew (same title in U.K.) 

169 Oranmore and Browne, Bn. of 

(Repres. Peer) 

170 Dunsandle and Clan Conal 

171 Bellew (Repres. Peer) 

172 Fermoy 

173 *Athlumney (Bn. Meredyth) 

174 Rathdonnell (Repres. Peer) 

175 *Curzon of Kedleston (Repres 


Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls. 



*#* The letter "S." prefixed to the index figures denotes the Scottish Peerage, "I." the Irish ; all others ate o'f 
the House of Lords. Peeresses (Imperial) are referred to by bracketing the two Noss betweeri which they fall. 

iDeuman, Bn., 393 
Deramore, Bn., 5ii 
De Ramsey, Bn., 529 
Derby, E. of, 56 
Do Ros (de R.), Bnss. 
I [266-7] 
Derwent, Bn., 496 
Desart, E. of, 1. 52 
Be Saumarez, Bn., 397 
Desborough. Bn., 600 
Desmdnd, E. of, I. 16 
De Vesci (de V.), Visct., I. 

Devon, E. of, 59 
Devonshire, D. of, 17 
Digby, Bn., 306, 1. 117 
Dillon, Visct., I. 79 
Dingwall, Bn., S. 75 
Doncaster, E. of, 70 
Donegall, M. of, I. 5 
Doneraile, Visct., i. 101 
Donoughmore, E. of, I. 61 
Dorchester, Bnss. [571—2] 
Dormer, Bn., 284 
Douglas, Bn., 476 
Downe, Visct., I. 84 
Downshire, M. of, I. 4 
Drogheda, E. of, I. 20 
Ducie, E. of, 162 
Dudley, E. of, 173 
Dufferin & Ava, M. of, 51 ; 
D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. 

Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 35 
Dunalley, Bn., 347, I. 157 
Dunblane, Visct., S. 61 
Dunboyne, Bn., 337, I. 114 
Dundonald, E. of, 87, S. 46 
Dunedin, Bn., 590 
Dunleath, Bn., 540 
Dunmore, Bn., 392 ; E. of, 
S. 50 

Dunning, Bn., 458 
Dunraven & Mt. E., E. of, 
I. 71 

Dunsandle & Clan C, Bn., 

I. 170 
Dunsany, Bn., I. 113 
Durham, Bp. of, 244 
Durham, E. of, 159 
Dynevor, Bn., 309 
Dysart, E. of, S. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 432 
Effingham, E. of, 161 
Egerton of T., Earl, 191 
Eglinton & W., E. of, S. 20 
Egmont, E. of, I. 25 
Eldon, E. of, J48 
Elgin, Bn., 425 ; E. of E. 

and Kinc, S. 36 
Elibank, Bn., S. 81 
Ellenborough, Bn., 352 
Ellesmere, E. of, 168 
Elphinstone, Bn. <-,i3,S.69 
Ely, M. of, I. 8 
Emly, Bn., 473 
Enniskillen, E. of, I. 49 
Erne, E. of, I. 50 
Erroll, E. of, S. 14 
Erskine, Bn., 355 
Esher, Visct., 229 
Essex, E. of, 68 
Estcourt, Bn., 588 
Ettrick, Bn., 468 
Eversley, Bn., 611 
Exeter, Bp. of, 265 
Exeter. M. of, 39 

Abercorn, M. of, 36 ; E. of, 

S. 28 1 D. of, I. 2 
Abercromby, Bn., 351 
Aberdare, Bn., 470 
Aberdeen, E. of, S. 49 
Abergavenny, M. of, 49 
Abingdon, E. of, 73 
Abinger, Bn., 399 
Acton, Bn., 463 
Addington, Bn., 531 
Ailesbury, M. of, 44 
Ailsa, M. of, 46 
Airedale, Bn., 617 
Airlie, E. of, S. 40 
Albany, H.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 75 
Aldenham, Bn., 555 
Alington, Bn., 480 
Allendale, Bn., 615 
Allerton, Bn., 581 
Althorp, Visct., 238 
Alverstone, Bn., 578 
Amherst, Earl, 154 
Amherst of H., Bn., 538 
Ampthill, Bn., 492 
Ancaster, E. of, i83 
Anglesey, M. of, 42 
Annaly, Bn., 442 
Annesley, Earl, 121, 1. 48 
Antrim, E. of, I. 44 
Arbuthnott, Visct., S. 60 
Ardilaun, Bn., 488 
Argyll, D. of, 30, S. s 
Armagh, E . of, I. 58 
Armitstead, Bn., 614 
Armstrong, Bn., 589 
Arran, E. of, I. 32 
Arundell of W. t Bn., 283 
Ashbourne, Bn. r ,509 
Ashbrook, Visct., 1. 94 
Ashburnham, E. of, 96 
Ashburton, Bn., 401 
Ashcombe, Bn., 535 
Ashton, Bn., 550 
Ashtown, Bn., 350, I. 160 
Athlumney, Bn., I. 173 
Atholl, D. of, S. 6 
Atkinson, Bn., 592 
Auckland, Bn., 326, 1. 134 
Avebury, Bn., 574 
Avonmore, Visct., 1. 106 
Aylesford, E. of, 91 
Aylmer, Bn., 1. 121 
Bagot, Bn., 311 
Balfour of B., Bn., 295, S. 


Balinhard, Bn., 459 
Bandon, E. of, 125, 1. 59 
Bangor, Bp. of, 261 
Bangor, Visct., 206, 1. 99 
Barnard, Bn., 290 
Barrington, Visct., 1. 90 
Barrymore, Bn., 582 
Basing, Bn., 528 
Bateman, Bn., 407 
Bath, M. of, 35 
Bath and W., Bp. of, 253 
Bathurst, Earl, 108 
Beauchamp, Earl, 147 
Beaufort, D. of, 13 
Beaumont, Bnss. [271— 

Bedford, D. of, 16 
Belhaven and S., Bn., 296, 

Bellew, Bn., 424, 1. 171 
Belmore, E. of, 124, 1. 57 

Belper. Bn., 430 
Berkeley, Bnss. [274—5] 
Berkeley, E. of, 72 
Berners, Bnss. [274—5] 
Berwick, Bn., 316 
Bessborough, E. of, I. 26 
Biddulph, Bn., 587 
Birmingham, Bp. of, 264 
Blyth, Bn., 619 
Blythswood, Bn., 536 
Bolingbroke and St. J., 

Visct., 200 
Bolton, Bn., 334 
Borthwick, Bn., 293, S. 71 
Boston, Bn., 303 
Botreaux, Bn. 273 
Bowes, Bn., 524 
Boyle, Bn., 297 
Boyne, Visct., I. 83 
Brabourne. Bn., 491 
Bradford. E. of, 146 
Brancepeth, Bn., 450 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Bn., 522 
Braybrooke, Bn., 322 
Braye, Bn., 277 
Breadalbane, M. of, 50; 

E. of, S. 48 
Bridport, Visct., 221 ; Bn., 

I. 140 
Bristol, Bp. of, 259 
Bristol, M. of, 45 
Brodrick, Bn., 33 1 
Brooke, Earl, 99 
Brougham & V., Bn., 433 
Brownlow, Earl, 143 
Buccleuch & Q.,D. of, S. 3 
Buchan, E. of, S. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of, 


Burghclere, Bn., 551 
Burnham, Bn., 536 
Burton, Bn., 520 
Bute, M. of, 38 
Byron, Bn., 287 
Cadogan, Earl, 116 
Cairns, Earl, 180 
Caithness, E. of, S. 22 
Caledon, E. of, I. 62 
Calthorpe, Bn., 332 
Camden, Marq., 41 
Camoys, Bn., 274 
Oamperdown, E. of, 157 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 216 
Carbery, Bn., I. 120 
Carew, Bn., 410, 1. 168 
Carleton, Bn., 3*9 
Carlisle, E. of, 69 
Carnarvon, E. of, 115 
Carnwath, E. of, 85, S. 41 
Carrick, E. of, I. 27 
Carrington, Earl, 189 ;Bn., 
I. 142 

Carysfort, Bn., 349; E. of, 
I- 5i 

Cassillis, E. of, S. 21 
Castlemaine, Bn., 360, 1 . 164 
Castlestewart, Earl, 1. 60 
Castletown, Bn., 462 
Cathcart, Eart, 141, S. 65 
Cavan, E. of, I. 19 
Cawdor, Earl, 155 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 83 
Chaworth, Bn., 391 
Chelmsford, Bn., 434 
Chesham, Bn., 433 

Chester, Bp. of, 249 
Chesterfield, E. of, 66 
Chetwynd, Visct., I. S6 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 530 
Chichester, E. of, 130 
Cholmondeley, M. of, 43; 

Visct., I. 82 
Churchill, Vise, 234 
Churston, Bn., 435 
Clancarty, Visct., 214 ; E. 

of, I. 65 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 158 
Clanricarde, M. of, I. 12 
Clan william, Bn., 384; E. 

of, I. 42 
Clarendon, E. of, no 
Clarina, Bn., I. 161 
Clements, Bn., 389 
Clifden, Visct., I. 100 
Clifford of C, Bn., 28g 
Clifton, Bnss. [283—4] 
Clinton, Bn., 270 
Clive, Bn., I. 124 
Clonbrock, Bn., 342, 1. 137 
Cloncurry, Bn., 396, I. 136 
Clonmell, E. of, I. 54 
Cobham, Visct., 201 
Colchester, Bn., 365 
Colebrooke, Bn., 603 
Coleridge, Bn., 472 
Collins, Bn., 616 
Colville of C, Visct., 233 

Bn., S. 74 
Combermere, Visct., 215 
Congleton, Bn., 423 
Connaught & S., H.R.H. 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., I. 119 
Conyngham, Marq., I. 10 
Cork and O., E. of, I. 14 
Cottenham, E. of 170 
Cottesloe. Bn., 474 
Courtney of P., Bn., 610 
Courtown, E. of, I. 33 
Coventry, E. of, 76 
Cowley, Earl, 171 
Cranbrook, E. of, 1S7 
Cranworth, Bn., 571 
Craven, E. of, 127 
Crawford & B., E. of, S 


Crawshaw, Bn., 537 
Cremorne, Bn., I. 145 
Crewe, E. of, 190 
Crofton, Bn., 344, I. 148 
Cromartie, Ctss.of [174— Si 
Cromer, E. of, 194 
Cross, Visct., 225 
Cumberland & T., H.R.H 

D. of, 25 
Curzonof K.,Bn., 569, 1. 175 
Dalhousie, E. of, S. 39 
Darcy de Knayth, Bnss 

Darnley, E. of, 119, 1. 24 
Dartmouth, E. of, 89 
Dartrey, E. of, 176 
Dawnay, Bn., 561 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I 
Decies, Bn., 1. 165 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 269 
De Freyne, Bn., 426 
Delamere, Bn., 373 
De La Warr, Earl, 105 
De L'Isle and D., Bn., 400 
De Mauley, Bn., 411 
Denbigh, E. of, 61 




Exmouth* Visct., 212 
Faber, En., 599 
Fairfax of C, Bh., S. 78 
Fairlie, Bn., 560 
Falkland, Visct., 190, S. 5S 
Falmouth, Visct., 203 
Farnham, Bn., 339, 1. 722 
Farquhar, Bn., 567 
Farrer, Bn., 544 
Fauconberg and Cony era, 

Bnss. [268-9] 
Fermanagh, Bn., 478 
Fennoy, Bn., I. 172 
Ferrers, Earl, 88 
Feversham, E. of, 177 
Ffrench, Bn., I. 149 
Fife, D. of, 29 ; Earl, I. 30 
Fingall, Bn., 387; E. of. 

I. 18 

Fisherwiek, Bn., 333 
Fitzhardinge, Bn., 441 
Fitzmaurice, Bn., 602 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 101,1.22 
Foley, Bn., 30S 
Forbes, Bn., S. 62 
Forester, Bn., 374 
Forrester, Bn., a. So 
Forteseue, Earl, 114 
Foxford, Bn., 363 
Frankfort de M., Visct., 
I. 108 

Cage, Bn., 324 ; Visct.., 1. 91 
Gainsborough, E. of, 167 
Galloway, E. of. S. 30 
Gahvay, Visct., I. 92 
Gardner, Bn. (.dormant), 

358, 1. 162 
Garvagh, Bn., I. 166 
Gerard, Bn., 482 
Gifford, Bn., 376 
Glantawe, Bn., 613 
Glanusk, Bn., 570 
Glasgow, E. of, S. 56 
Glenesk, Bn., 554 
Gordon, Visct., 211 
Gormanston, Bn., 455 ; 

Visct., I. 75 
Cort, Visct., I. 109 
Goschen, Visct., 230 
Gosford, E. of, I. 66 
Gough, Visct., 219 
Grafton, D. of, 12 
Graham, Earl, 93 
Granard, Bn., 357 ; E. of, 

I. 21 

Grandison. Visct., I. 77 
Grantley, Bn., J13 
Granville, Earl, 160 
Graves, Bn., I. 133 
Gray, Bnss., S. 64 
Grenfell, Bn., 583 
Greville, Bn., 465 
Grey, Earl, 136 
Grey de it., Bn., 272 
Grimston, Visct., I. 89 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 517 
Grinstead, Bn., 362 
Guilford, E. of, 102 
Guillamore, Visct., I. no 
Gwydyr, Bn., 330 
Haddington, E. of, 83, S. 29 
Italdon, Bn., 486 
Halifax, Visct., 220 
Halsbury, E. of, 192 
Hambleden, Visctss. [225 

Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of D., Bn., 521 
Hampden, Visct., 223 
Hampton, Bn., 475 
Harberton, Visct., I. 102 
Hardinge, Visct., 218 
Hardwioke, E. of, 103 
Hare, Bn., 460 
Harewood, E. of, 139 
Harlech, Bn., 479 

Harrington, E. of, 97 
Harris, Bn.-, 364 
Haa-rowby, E, of, 138 
Hartismcre, Bn., 447 
Hastings, Bn., 268 
Hathertoh, Bn., 403 
Havershatti, Bn., 604 
Rawarden, Visct., I. 103 
Hawke, Bn., 307 
Hay, Bn., 398 
Headfort, M. of, I. 6 
Headley, Bn., 343, I. 146 
Hemphill, Bn., 605 
Henonge, Bn., 556 
Henley, Bn., I. 150 
Hennikcr, Bn., I. 154 
Hereford, Bp. of, 254 
Hereford, Visct., 198 
Hemes, Bnss., S. 68 
Herschell, Bn., 514 
Hertford, M. of, 37 
Hcytesbury, Bn., 382 
Hill, Visct., 217 
Hillingdon, Bn., 515 
Hillsborough, E. ot, 109 
HiiiiUip, Bn., 516 
Holden, Bn., 625 
JloImPatrick, Bn., 563 
Home, E. of, S. 25 
Hood, Visct. 205 ; Bn., I. 

Hopetoun, E. of, S. 57 
Flothani, Bn., I. 144 
Hothfleld, Bn., 497 
Howard de W., Bn., 280 
Howard of G., Bn., 461 
Howe, Earl, 149 
Howth, Bn., 494; E. of, I. 

Huntingdon, E. of, 57 
Huntingfield, Bn., I. 141 
Huntly, M. of, S. 9 
Hutchinson, Visct., 213 
Hylton, Bn., 448 
Iddesleigh, E. of, 185 
llchester, E. of, 104 
Inehiquin, Bn., 338, I. 
Innes, Earl, 164 
[nverclyde, Bn., 564 
Iveagh, Visct., 237 
James of II., Bn., 552 
! Jersey, E. of, 77 
Joicey, Bn., 606 
Kenlis, Bn.. 390 
Kenmare, Bn., 429 ; E. of, 

I. 63 
Kenry, Bn., 445 
Kensington, Bn., 519, I. 

Kenyon, Bn., 321 
Ker, Bn., 366 
Kerry & S., E. of, I. 23 
Kesteven, Bn., 451 
Killanin, Bn., 576 
Kilmaine, Bn., 344, 1. 135 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 386 
Kilinorey, E. of, 152, I. 70 
Kimbcrley, E. of, 175 
Kingsalc, Bn., I. in 
Kingston, E. of, I. 38 
Kinloss, Bnss., S. 73 
Kinnaird, Bn., 439, S. 86 
Kinncar, Bn., S58 
Kinnoull, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 579 
Kintore, Bn., 408; E. of, 

Kitchener of K., Visct., 


Knaresborough, Bn., 596 
Knollys, Bn., 584 
Knutsford, Visct., 227 
Lamington, Bn., 489 
Lanesborough, E.of, I. 29 
Langford, Bn., 345, 1. 151 
Lansdowne, M. of, 32 

Lathom, E. of, 182 
Lauderdale, E. Of, 84, 8. 

Lawrence, Bn., 457 
Leconfield, Bn., 43S 
Leeds, D. of, 15 
Leicester, E. of, 165 
Leigh, Bn., 416 
Leinster, Visct., 204 ; B. 

of, I. 1 
Leith of P., Bn., 591 
Leitrim, E. of, 1. 55 
Lennox, I), of, S. 4 
Leven & M., E. of, S. 


Lichfield, Bp. of, 251 
Lichfield, E. of, 158 
Lifford, Visct., 1. 98 
Lilford, Bn., 335 
Limerick, E. of, I. 64 
Lincoln, Bp. of, 247 
Lindley, Bn., 575 
Lindsay, E. of, §. 32 
Lindsey, E. of, 63 
Linlithgow, M. of, 53 
Lisburne, E. of, I. 41 
Lisle, Bn., I. 123 
Lister, Bn., 559 
Listowel, E. of, I. 72 
Liverpool, Bp. of, 262 
Liverpool, E. of, 196 
Llandaff, Visct., 228 
Llangattock, Bn., 541 
Loch, Bn., 548 
Lochee, Bn., 621 
Loftus, Bn., 348 
Londesborough, E.of, 186 
London, Bp. of, 243 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of, I. 45 
Lonsdale, E. of, 137 
Loreburn, Bn., 601 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
Louth, Bn., I. 115 
Lovat, Bn., 406, S. 70 
Lovelace, E. of, 166 
Lovel & H., Bn., 304 
Lucan, E. of, 123, 1. 56 
Lucas, Bn., 288 
Ludlow, Bn., 562 
Ltimley, Visct., I. 80 
Lurgan, Bn., 418 
Lytton, E. of, 181 
Lyveden, Bn., 437 
Macclesfield, E. of, 03 
Macdonald, Bn., I. 127 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 

MacDonnell, Bn., 622 
Maonaghten, Bn., 523 
Magheramorne, Bn., 527 
Maimesbury, E. of, 118 
Manchester, Bp. of, 266 
Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 350 
Mansfield, E. of, in 
Manvors, Earl, 134 
Mar, E. of, 79, S."i6 
Mar & K., E. of, 82, S. 24 
Marchamley, Bn. 623 
Marlboroush, D. of, 18 
Masiiam, Bn., 534 
Masserecne & F., Visct., 

I. 104 

Massy, Bn., 340, I. 130 
Mayo, E. of, 120, I. 47 
Meath, E. of, I. 17 
Meldrum, Bn., 361 
Melfort.Ctss.of (c?m/.),S.5i 
Melville, Visct., 208 
Mendip, Bn., 327 
Meredyth, Bn., 444 
Methuen, Bn., 414 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 35 
Michelham, Bn., 598 

Middleton, En., 359 
Midleton, Visct., I. 7 
Milltown, E. of (tiormt.), 
I- 34 

Milner, Visct., 335 
Minster, Bn., 367 
Minto, E. of. 140 
Molesworth, Visct., I. 85 
Monck, Bn., 446; Visct., 
I L ios 

iMonckton, Bn., 525 
: Mcncreiff, Bn., 471 
Monk Bretton, Bn.. 501 
Monkswell, Bn., 508 
Monson, Bn., 300 
."•lontaKU of B., Bn., 512 
I MontEagle, Bn., 356 
LMonteagle of B., Bn., 419 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 
Moray, E. of, S. 23 
Morley, E. of, 145 
Morley of B., Visct., 241 
Mcruington, E. of, 1. 31 
Morton, E. of, Si, S. iS 
Mostyn, Bn., 394 
MountCasheil, Earl, 1. 43 
Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 

Mountgarret, Visct., I. 76 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 95 
Mount Stephen, Bn., 533 
Mowbray, Bn., 267 
Mulgrave, Bn., 1. 125 
Muncaster, Bn., 568, 1. 133 
Munster, E. of, 156 
Muskerry, Bn., 341, 1. 131 
ftairne, Bn., S. 85 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 4^4 
Napier of Merch., Bn., 467, 

S. 77 
Nelson, Ear], 133 
Newborough, Bn., I. 126 
Newburgh, E. of, IS. 45 
Newcastle, B. of, 23 
Newlands, Bn., 566 
Newton, Bn., 539 
Norbury, E. of, 1. 73 
Norfolk, of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 47 
Xormanton, E. of, I. 63 
X'orth, Bn., 278 
Northampton, M. of, 40 
tforthbourne, Bn., 502 
Northbrook, E. of, 179 
Xorthcliffe, Bn., 597 
Northcote, Bn., 573 
Northesk, E.of, 86, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., 505 
Northumberland, B. of, 24 
Norton, Bn., 484 
Norwich, Bp. of, 252 
Nunburnholme, Bn., 607 
O'Brien, Bn., 577 
O'Hagan, Bn., 466 
O'Neill, Bn., 453 
Onslow, E. of, 128 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 405, 1. 


Or ford, E. of, 135 
Oriel, Bn., 371 
Orkney, E. of, S. 52 
Ormatliwaite, Bn., 4^2 
Ormonde, Bn., 368 ; M. of, 

Oxenfoord, Bn., 421 
Oxford, Bp. of, 263 
l'eckover, Bn., 620 
Peel, Visct., 226 
Pembroke & M., E. of, 58 
Penrhyn, Bn., 449 
Perth, E. of, S. 26 
Peterborough, Bp. of, 257 
Petre, Bn., 281 
Pirrie, Bn., 612 
Playfair, Bn., 542 
Plim et.B 381 

Index to Rolls — Roman Catholic Peers — Representative Peers. 35 

Plymouth, E. of, 195 
Poltimore, Bn., 393 
PolWarth, Bn., S. 87 
Ponsonby, Bn., 301 
Portarlington, E. of, I. tf. 
Portland, D. of, 21 
Portman, Visct./222 
Portsmouth, E. of, 98 
Poulett, Earl, 78 
Powerscourt, Bn., 504; 

Visct., I. 93 
Powls, E. of, 132 
Queensberry, M. of, S. 10 
Radnor, E. of, 106 
Radstock, Bn., I. 159 
Raglan, Bn., 428 
Ramsay, Bn., 477 
B.mfurly, Bn., 379; E. of, 

I. 74 

Rathdonnell, Bn., 456, I 

Rathmore, Bn., 553 
Ravensworth, Bn., 372 
Rayleigh, Bn., 375 
Reay, Bn., 495, S. 79 
Redesdale, Bn., 585 
Rendol, Bn., 546 
Rendlesham, Bn., I. 163 
Revelstoke, Bn., 507 
Ribblesdale, B11..336 
Richmond & G., D. of, 11 
Ridley, Visct., 231 
Ripon, Bp. of, 246 
Ripon, M. of, 48 
Ritchie of D.. Bn., 593 
Roberts, Earl, 193 
Robertson, Bn., 572 
Roden, E. of, I. 40 
Rodney. Bn., 314 
Rollo, Bn., S. 83 
Romilly, Bn., 443 
Romney, E. of, 129 
Rosebery, Bn., 383 
S. 55 

Rosmead, Bn., 557 
Rosse, E. of, I. 67 
Rosslyn, E. of, 126 
Rossmore, Bn., 409 ; I. 143 
Rothes, E. of, 80, S. 17 
Rothesay. D. of, S. 1 
Rothschild, Bn., 506 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 
Russell, Earl, 174 


Ruthven, Bn., S. 84 
Rutland, D. of, 19 
Sackville, Bn., 483 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 256 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
St. Aldwyn, Visct., 240 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 250 
St. Davids, Bn., 624 
St. David's, Bp. of, 258 
St. Germans, E. of, 144 
St. John of B., Bn., 279 
St. Leonards, Bn., 427 
St. Levan, Bn., 526 
St. Oswald, Bn., 510 
St. Vincent, Visct., 207 
Salisbury, Bp. of, 248 
Salisbury, M. of, 34 
Saitersford, Bn., 330 
Saltoun, Bn., 291, S. 63 
Sanderson, Bn., 594 
Sandhurst, Bn., 467 
Sandwich, E. of, 67 
Sandys, Bn., 353 
Savile, Bn., 532 
Saye & S., Bn., 282 
Scarbrough, E. of, 74 
Scarsdale, Bn., 302 
Seafield, E. of, S. 53 
Seaton, Bn., 420 
Sefton, Bn.. 388 ; E . of, 1. 39 
Selbome, E. of, 184 
Selby, Visct., 236 
Sempill, Bn., S. 67 
Shaftesbury, E. of, 71 
Shannon, E. of, I. 28 
Sheffield, Bn., 354 ; E. of, 
I. 69 

Snerard, Bn., I. 118 
Sherborne, Bn., 317 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 55 
Shute, Bn., 485 
Shuttleworth, Bn., 580 
Sidmouth, Visct., 209 
Sil Chester, Bn., 370 
Sinclair, Bn., 292, S. 66 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerhill, Bn., 377 
Somers, Bn., 315 
Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 469 
Sondes, Earl, 183 
Southampton, Bn., 312 
Southesk, E. of, S. 37 

Southwark, Bp. of, 255 
Southwell, Visct., I. 96 
Spencer, Earl, fo7 
Stafford, Bn., 286 
Stair, E. of, S. 54 
Stalbridge, Bn!, 518 
Stamford, E. of, 64 
Stanhope, Earl, 92 
Stanley of A., Bn., 415 
Stanmore, Bn., 545 
Stewart of G., Bn., 329 
Stormont, Visct., S. 59 
Stradbroke, E. of, 150 
Strafford, E. of, iCg 
Strange, Earl, 112 
Sbrathcona & Mt. R., Bn., 

>t ;! theden & C, Bn., 404 
Stiathmore & K., E. of, S. 


strathspey, Bn., 500 
.Stuart of Castle S., Bn., 328 
Sudeley, Bn., 413 
Sudley, Bn., 503 
Suffield, Bn., 320 
Suffolk &B., E. of, 60 
Sutherland, D. of, 27 ; E. 

of, S. 15 
Swansea, Bn., 543 
Swaythling, Bn., 618 
Taalfe, Visct., I. 81 
Talbot de M., Bn.,431; T. 

of M., Bn., I. 167 
Tankerville, E. or, 90 
Teignmouth, Bn., I. 147 
Temple of S., Earl, 151 
Templemore, Bn., 395 
Templetown, Visct., 210, 1. 


Tennyson, Bn., 409 
Tenterden, Bn., 380 
Teynham, Bn., 285 
Thurlow, Bn., 325 
Tollemache, Bn., 481 
Torphichen, Bn., 294, S.72 
Torrington, Visct., 203 
Townshend, Marq., 33 
Tredegar, Visct., 239 
Trevor, Bn., 490 
Trimlestown, Bn.,1. 112 
Tweeddale, Bn., 493; M. 

of, S. 11 
Tweedmouth, Bn., 498 

Tyrone, Bn., 318 
Valentia, Visct., I. 78 
Vane, Earl, 153 
Vaux ofH., Bn., 276 
Ventry, Bn., 346} 1. 155 
Vernon, Bn., 305 
Verulam, E. of, 142 
Vivian, Bn., 422 
Wakefield, Bp. of, 260 
Waldegrave, Earl, 95 
Waleran, Bn., 595 
Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, 1 
Wallscourt, Bn., I. 156 
Walsingham, Bn., 310 
Wandsworth, Bn., 549 
Warwick, E. Of, 99 
Waterford, E. of, I. 13 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark, Bn., I. 138 
Weardale, Bn., 603 
Wdby, Bn., 547 
Wellington, D. of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 369 ; E. of 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wenlock, Bn., 417 
Wentworth, Bnss. [276—7] 
Westbury, Bn., 440 
Westcote, Bn., 1. 129 
Westmeath, E. of, 118, 1. 15 
Westminster, D. of, 28 
Westmorland, E. of, 62 
Wharncliffe, E. of, 178 
Wicklow, E. of, 122, I. 53 
Wigan, Bn., 378 
Willoughby de B., Bn., 275 
Wilton, E. of, 131 
Wimborne, Bn., 487 
Winchester, Bp. of, 245 
Winchester, M. of, 31 
Winchilsea & N., E. of, 65 
Winterstoke, Bn., 608 
Winterton, Earl, I. 36 
Win ton, E. of, 172 
W olseley, Visct., 224 
W olverhampton,Visct.,242 
Wolverton, Bn., 464 
Worlingham, Bn., 403 
Wrottesley, Bn., 412 
Wynford, Bn., 385 
Yar borough, E. of, 163 
York, Abp. of, 6 
Zetland, M. of, 52 
Zouche of H., Bn., 271 



Duke.— Norfolk. 

JIarquesses. — Bute, Queensberry, Papon. 
Earls.— Abingdon, Ashburnham, Denbigh, Fingall, Gainsborough, Granard, Kenmare, Newburgh. 

Viscounts— Gormanston, Llandaff, Southwell, Taaffe. 

Barons. — Acton, Arundell of Wardour, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Braye, Cainoys, Clifford of 
Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emly, Ffrench, Gerard, Haldon, Herries (Bnss.), Howard 
of Glossop, Killanin, Louth, Lovat, MacDonnell, Mowbray and Stourton, North, O'Brien, 
Petre, Stafford, Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden, Wentworth (Bnss.). 




Balfour of B., Bn., 1876 
Belhaven & S., Bn., 1900 
Bortliwick, Bn., 1906 
Carnwath, E. of, 1892 
i>undonald, E. of, 1886 
Falkland, Visct., 1894 
Haddington, E. of, 1874 
Lauderdale, E. of, 1889 
Mar, E. of, 1886 
Mar & Kellie, E. of, 1892 
Moitoa, E. of, 1886 

Northesk, E. of, iqgo 
Rothes, E. of, 1906 
Saltoun, Bn., 1890 
Sinclair, Bn., 1885 
Torphichen, Bn., 1894 


Annesley, Earl, 1877 
Ashtown, Bn., 1908 
Bandon, E. of, 1881 
Bangor, Visct., 1885 

Bellew, Bn., 1904 
Belmore, E. of, 1857 
Castlemaine, Bn., 1898 
Clonbrock, Bn., 1S95 
Crofton, Bn., 1873 
Curzon of Kedleston, Bn., 

Darnley, E. of, 1905 
Danalley, Bn., 1893 
Dunboyne, Bn., 1901 
Headley, Bn., 1883 
[nchiquin, Bn., 1900 
Kilmorey, E.of, 1882 


Langford, Bn., 1884 
Lucan, E. of, 1889 
Massy, Bn., 1876 
Mayo, E. of, 1890 
Muskerry, Bn., 1892 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 1902 
Rathdonnell, Bn., 1889 
Templetown, Visct., 1894 
Ventry, Bn., 1871 
Westmeath, E. of, 1901 
Wicklow, E. of, 1905 
[One vacancy] 




The numerous Scottish and Irish Peers noticed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their "native 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given m 
division lists of the House of Lords, but in a majority of instances, though far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former (precisely- -76 are inferior, 30 superior, 
12 identical in rank, and 15 more in both rank and designation). The higher title, 
which is naturally the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table. 

(1) Scottish and Irish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents. 

fi£S;4S£} Abercom.M.of 

Aberdeen, E. of, Sc Gordon, V. 

Argyll, D.of,Se The same 

Armagh, E. of, Ir Cumberland & Teviotdale, 

It.R.H. D. of 

Arran, E of, Ir Sudley, B. 

Athlumney, B.,Jx Meredyth, B. 

Atholl, D. of, Sc Strange, E. 

Auckland, B., Ir The same 

Barringtcn, V., Ir Shute, B. 

Bessborough, E. of, Ir Ponsonby, B. 

Boyne, v., Ir Brancepeth, B. 

Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. BreadaWane, if. 

Bridport. B., Ir. Bridport, V. 

Buceleuch & Queensberry, D. Doncaster, E. of 
of, Sc. 

Garew, B.,Ir The same 

Carrington, B.,7r Carrington.Earl 

Carysfort.E. of, Ir Carysfort, B. 

Cassillis, E. of, Sc Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, B., Sc Cathcart, Earl 

Cholmondeley, \., Ir Cholmondeley, M. of 

Clancarty, E. of, Ir Clancarty, V. 

Clanncarde, M. of, Ir Somerhill, B. 

Clanwilliam.E. of, Ir Clanwilliam, B. 

Clifden, V., Ir Mendip, B. 

Clive, B.,Ir Powis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B.Ir The same 

Colrille(ofCulross),B.,<S'c... Volville of Culroas, V. 

Conway. B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Conyngham, Marq., Ir Minster. B. 

Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Courtown, E. of, Ir Saltersford, B. 

Crawford, E.of,Sc Wigan, B. 

Cremorne, B., Ir Bartrey, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of, Sc Ramsay, B. 

Desmond, E. of. Ir Denbigh, E. of 

Digby, B.,Ir The same 

Dingwall, B., Sc Lucas, B. 

Donegall, M. of, Ir Fisherwick, B. 

Donoughmore, E. of, Ir. . . . Hutchinson, V. 

Doume, V.,lr Dawnay, B. 

Downshire, M. of, Ir Hillsborough, E. of 

Dufferin &Claneboye, \i.,Ir. Duff'erin & Avu, M. of 
Dumblane [?Dun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, I), of 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, M. of 

Dunmore, E. of, So Dunmore, B. 

I)unvaven<b Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
of. Ir. 

Eglinton&Winton, E. of, Sc. Winton, E. of 

IdDnmit. E. of, Ir Lovel & Holland, B. 

Elgin db Kincardine, E. of, Elgin, B. 

Elphinstone, B.,Sc The same 

Ely, M. of, Ir Loftus, B. 

Enniskillen, E. of, Ir Grinstead, B. 

Erne, E.of,Jr Fermanagh, B. 

frroll, E. of, Sc Kilmarnock, B. 
ife, Earl, Ir Fife, D. of 

Fingall, E. of, Ir Fingall, B. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., Sc Verulam, E. of 

Gage, V., Ir Gage, B. 

Galloway, E. of, Sc Stewart of Garlics, B. 

Qalway, V.,\r Moncktou, B. 

Gardner, B.,lr TJie same 

Glasgow, E. of. Be Fairlie, B. 

Gvrntanston, v., Ir Gormanston, B. 

Gob ford. E.of.lx Worlingham.B. 

Granard, E. of, Ir. . . Granard B. 

Grandison, V., Ir Jersey, E. of 

Grimston, V., Ir. Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of , Sc Brandon, D. of {Hamilton & 


Headfort, M. of, Ir Kenlis, B. 

Henley, B.,Ir Northington, B. 

Henniker, B., Ir Hartismere, B. 

Home, E. of, Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood, B., Ir Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, Sc Linlithgow, M. of 

Howth, E. of, Ir Howth, B. 

Huntly, M. of, Sc Meldrum, B. 

Kenmare, E.of,lx Kenmare, B. 

Kensington. B.,Ir The same 

Kerry & Snelburne, E, of, Lansdowne, M. 

Kinnaird, B.,8c The same 

Kinnoull, E. of, Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E. of, Sc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, D. of, Ir Leinster, V. 

Leitrim, E. of, Ir Clements, B. - 
Lennox, D. of, Sc Richmond (& Gordon), D. of 

Limerick, E. of, Ir Foxford, B. 

Listowel, E. of, Ir Hare, B. 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir Vane, Earl 

Longford, E. of, Ir Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M . of, Sc Ker, B. 

Loudoun, E. of, Sc Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B.,Sc The same 

Lumley, V., Ir Scarbrough, E. of 

Massereene & Ferrard, V. Oriel, B. 

Meath, E of, Ir Chaworth, B. 

Midleton, V., Ir Brodrick, B. 

Monck, V.,\r Monck, B. 

Montrose, D.of,Sc Graham, Earl 

Moray, E. of, Sc Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir Wellington, I), of 

Mulgrave, B., Ir Normanby, M. of 

Muncaster, B.,Ir.. The same 

Nairne, B., Sc Lansdowne, M. of 

Napier, B.. Sc Ettrick, B. (Napier & 


Normayiton, E. of, Ir Somcrton, B. 

Ormonde, M. of, Ir Ormonde, B. 

Powerscourt, V.,lr Powerseourt, B. 

Ranfurly, E. of, Ir Ranfurly, B. 

Reay, B.,Sc The same 

Rollo, P., Sc Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E. of, Sc Rosebery, B. 

Rossmore, B., Ir The same 

Rothesay, D. of, Sc Wales, H.R.H., Prince oj 

Roxhurghe, D. of, Sc Innes, Earl 

Seatield, E. of, Sc Strathspey, B. 

Sefton, E. of, Ir Sefton, B. 

shannon, E. of, Ir Carleton, B. 

Sh. jiicld, E. of, Ir Sheffield, B. 

Sligo, M. of, Ir MontEagle, B. 

Southesk, E. of, 8c Balinhard, B. 

Stair, E. of, Sc Oxcnfoord, B. 

Stormont, V., Sc Mansfield, E. 

Strathmore (d:Kinghorne), E. Bowes, B. 
of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of , Sc Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. . Talbot de Malahide, B. 

Tweeddale, M. of, Sc Tweeddale, B. 

Waterford, E. of , Ir Shrewsbury (<& Talbot), E. of 

Waterford, M. of, Ir Tyrone, B. 

Wemyss db March, E. of, Wemyss, B. 

Westcote, B„ Ir Cobham, V. 

Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 


There are thus in the preceding list 82 Irish titles of a total 175 in the Irish Peerage, 
and 51 Scottish of a total 87 : of the entire 262 there are therefore 133 with Imperial 
titles and 129 without. The legislative predominance of Ireland over Scotland is thus 
conspicuous here as it is in the number of Representative Peers (28 against 16) and in 
their representation in the Commons (103 against 72). There are several among the 
names, however, that should be regarded as those of English nobles who have come also 
into possession of Scottish or Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess 
of Lansdowne, and the Earl of Verulam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to 
Imperial titles, as the list that follows will more readily exhibit. 

(2) Imperial Titles with their Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

a tut ~p / Abercorn, D. of, Ir. 

Abercorn, M. of ( Abercorn, B. of, Sc. 

Ailsa, M.of Cassillis, E. of, Sc. 

Argyll, D. of The same, Sc. 

Auckland, B The same, Ir. 

Balinhard, B Southesk, E. of, Sc. 

Botreaux, B Loudoun, E. of. Sc. 

Bowes, B Strathmore (dcKinghome), E. 

of, Sc. 

Boyle, B Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 

Brancepeth, B Boyne, V., Ir. 

Brandon, D. of (Hamilton & 

Brandon) Hamilton, D. of, Sc. 

Breadalbane, M.of Breadalbane, E. of, Sc. 

Bridport, V Bridport, B., Ir. 

Brodrick, B Midleton, V., Ir. 

Bute, M.of Dumfries & Bute, E. of, 


Carew, B The same, Ir. 

Carleton, B Shannon, E. of, Ir. 

Carrington, Earl Carrington, B., Ir. 

Carysfort, B Oarysfort, E. of, Ir. 

Cathcart, Earl Cathcart, B., Sc. 

Chaworth, B Meath, E. of, Ir. 

Cholmondeley, M.of Cholmondeley, V., Ir. 

Clancarty, V Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 

Clanwilliam, B Olanwilliam, E. of, Ir. 

Clements, B Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 

Cloncurry, B The same, Ir. 

Cobham, V. Westcote, B., Ir. 

Colville of Culross, V. Colville (of Culross), B., Sc. 

Cumberland & Teviotdale, Armagh, E. of, Ir. 
H.R.H. D. of 

Bartrey, E.of Cremorne, B., Ir. 

Dawnay, B Downe, v., Ir. 

Denbigh, E- of Desmond, E. of, Ir. 

Bigby, B The same, Ir. 

Doncaster, E. of Buccleuch & Queensberry, D. 

of, Sc. 

Douglas, B Home, E. of, Sc. 

Bufferin & Ava, M.of DufFerin& Claneboye, B., Jr. 

Dunmore, B Bunmore, E. of, Sc. 

Dunning, B Rollo, B., Sc. 

Elgin, B Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, 

Elphinstone, B The same, Sc. 

Ettrick, B. (Napier & Ettk.) Napier, B., Sc. 

Pairlie, B Glasgoiv, E. of, Sc. 

Fermanagh, B Erne, E. of, Ir. 

Fife,D. of Fife, Earl, Jr. 

Fingall, B Fingall, E. of, Ir. 

Fisherwick, B Donegall, M. of, Ir. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl The same, Ir. 

Foxford, B Limerick, E. of, Ir. 

Gage, B Gage, V., Ir. 

Gardner, B The same, Ir. 

Gordon, V Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 

Gormanston, B Gormanston, V., Ir. 

Graham, Earl Montrose, D. of, Sc. 

Granard, B Granard, E. of, Ir. 

Grinstead, B Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 

Hare, B Listowel, E. of, Ir. 

Hartismere, B Benniker, B., Ir. 

Hay, B Kinnoull.E. of, Sc. 

Hertford, M.of Conway. B., Ir. 

Hillsborough, E. of . . . , Bownshire, M. of Ir. 

Hood, V , Hood, B.. Ir. 

Howth, B , Howth, E. of, Ir. 

Hatchinson, V Bonoughmore, E. of. Ir. 

Innes Earl Roxburghe, D. of, Sc. 

Jersey, E.of Grandison, V., Ir. 

Kenlis, B Headfort, M. of, Ir. 

Kenmare, B Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 

Kenry, B Dunraven & Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir. 

Kensington, B The same, Ir. 

Ker, B Lothian, M. of. Sc. 

Kilmarnock, B Erroll, E. of, Sc. 

Kinnaird.B The same, Sc. 

Kintore, B Kintore, E. of, Sc. 

Lansdowne, M.of { NS & | he ^ ume * E ' ° f ' 

Leeds, B. of Dumbl'aneCi'Dun-], V., Sc. 

Leinster, V Leinster, D. of, Ir. 

Linlithgow, M. of Hopetoun, E. of, Sc. 

Loftus, B Ely, M. of, Ir. 

Lovat, B The same. Sc. 

Lovel & Holland, B Egmonl, E. of, Ir. 

Lucas, B Dingwall, B., Sc. 

Mansfield, E.of Stormont, V., Sc. 

Meldrum, B Huntly, M. of, Sc. 

Mendip, B Clifden, V., Ir. 

Meredyth, B Athlumney, B., Ir. 

Minster, B Conyngham, Mara., Ir. 

Monck, B Monck, V\, Ir. 

Monckton, B Galway, K M Ir. 

MontEagle, B Sligo, M. of, Ir. 

Muncaster, B The same, Ir. 

Normanby, M.of Mulgrave, B., Ir. 

Northington, B Henley, B., It. 

Oriel, B Massereene & Ferrard, V., 


Ormonde, B Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 

Oxenfoord, B Stair, E. of, Sc. 

Ponsonby, B Bessborough, E. of, Ir. 

Powerscourt, B Poiverscourt, V., Ir. 

Powis, E.of Clive, B., Ir. 

Ramsay, B Dalhousie, E. of, Sc. 

Ranfurly, B Ranfurly, E. of, Ir. 

Reay, B The some. Sc. 

Richmond (<& Gordon),D. of Lennox, D. of, Sc. 

Rosebery, B Rosebery, E. of, Sc. 

Rossmore, B The same, Ir. 

Saltersford, B Courtown, E. of, Ir. 

Scarbrough, E.of Lumley, v., Ir. 

Sefton, B Sefton, E. of, Ir. 

Sheffield, B Sheffield, E. of, Ir. 

Shrewsbury (& Talbot), E.of Waterford, E. of, Ir. 

Shute, B Barrington, V., Ir. 

Silchester, B Longford, E. of, lr. 

Somerhill, B Clanricarde, M. of, Ir. 

Somerton, B Normanton, E. of, Ir. 

Stewart of Garlies, B Galloioay, E. of, Sc. 

Strange, Earl Atholl, D. of, Sc. 

Strathspey, B Seafield, E. of, Sc. 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . Moray, E. of, Sc. 

Sudley, B Arran, E. of, Ir. 

Sutherland, D. of Sutherland, E. of, Sc. 

Talbot de Malahide, B Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir, 

Tweeddale, B Tweeddale, M. of, Sc. 

Tyrone, B Waterford, M. of, Ir. 

Vane, Earl Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 

ir»*,,.i~~.~ w *t f Grimston, V., Ir. 

Verulam, E.of | Forrester, B.| Sc. 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of . . Rothesay, D. of, Sc. 

Wellington, B.of Mornington, E. qf, Ir. 

Wemyss, B. Wemyss db March, E. of, Sc. 

Wigan, B Crawford E. of, Sc. 

Winton, E. of Eglintond; Winton, E. of, Sc. 

Worlingham, B Gosford, E. of, Ir. 



Showing the Dates of Existing Dignities in the Order in which they were Conferred. 
*** Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Directory, and th<>re 
followed by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
'.eading one. Note that both here and in the references the term " Baron" is employed uniformly, though under 
' : Creations " it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation : if a * 
is prefixed it denotes an Imperial title with which one of Scotland or Ireland is identical or nearly so. 

Peerages of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland: all, previous to 
1 387, by writ unless " tenure " 
is added. Of the latter class 
those only are included which 
have been allowed by the House 
of Lords and have received no 
other certain creation. 
[Alexander I., Scot., 1107-24. J 

t Mar, Earl of (orig.) 

[David I., Scot., 1124-53.] 
[Malcolm, Scot., 1153-65.] 
Henry II., 1154-89. 

Arundel, Earl of (tenure) 

[William., Scot., 1165-1214.] 

?Kingsale & Ringrone, 

Baron (tenure) 

\ Kerry & Lixnaw, Baron 

Richard I., 1189-99, 
raid John, 1199-1216. 
(No creation surviving.) 
[Alexander II., Scot., 1214-49.] 
Henry III., 1216-72. 

t Sutherland, Earl of 

[Alexander III, Scot., 1249-86.] 

14.12 De Ros, Baron* 



Audley, Baron 

from 1S72) 
Willoughby de 




? Carrick? (Ormonde), Earl 

° f 


14.5 \ Kildare, Earl of 

15.5 Dacre (Hampden), Baron 

30.12 Grey de Ruthyn, Baron 

Edward III., 1327-77. 

2. 11 \ Ormonde, Earl of 
[David II, Scot., 1329-71.] 

27.1 Darcy de Knaytii, Baron 


17.3 Cornwall, Dulce of 

24.2 Eotreaux, Baron 


\ Gormanston, Baron 

[Robert il., Scot., 1371-90.] 

23.11 ?La Poer, Baron 

Richard II., 1377-99. 

20.G Camoys, Baron 

Baronies by Letters Patent first 
created: all follg. by patent 
unless "writ" is added. 

• + Angus, Earl of 

?Delvin, Baron (?writ) 

[Robert III, Scot., 1390-1406.] 

23.11 Bergavenny, Baron (writ) 

} King sale , Baron 

(? patent) 

-1.4 t Crawford, Earl of; 
Lindsay of Crawford, 

2S.1 -t Rothesay, Duke of; 
Carrick, Earl of; Ren- 
frew, Baron 

Henry IV., 1399-1413. 

(No Engl, creation left.) 

ii.i f, Earl of 

[James I., Scot., 1406-37.] 

Henry V., 1413-22. 

20.10 Berkeley, Baron (writ) 

24.12 Le Despencer, Baron* 
Edward I., 1272- 1307 

§Dunboyne, Baron (writ, 

not giving precedence) 

28.6 Mowbray, Baron 
[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90, then 

2 yrs. interregnum.] 
[John Baliol, Scot., 1292-1306.] 

23.6 Hastings, Baron 

,, Fauconberg, Baron 
24.6 Segrave, Baron 

?o.i2 Latimer, Baron 
79.12 De Clifford, Baron 

6.2 Clinton, Baron 
,, Do La "Warr, Baron (in 


t."|. Botetourt, Baron (orig.) 
[Robert I., Scot. J 306-29.] 

Edward II., 1307-27. 

13.1 Zoucnre of H ary ng worth. 


4.3 Beaumont, Baron 

* The Baronies of De Ros and Le Despencer were creations by Sir Simon dts Montfort, but the House of Lords 
doomed in 1841 to allow these two titles bo stand, the former having been once accepted in i0c6, and the latter in 1604. 

Henry VI., 1422-61. 

7. 1 Hungerf ord, Baron (writ) 

24.5 tErskine (Mar or Mar & 
K.), Baron 
1430 (about). 

3 Killeen, Baron 

?Howth, Baron 

t Dalkeith (Morton) , Baron 

, 1433. 

8.7 Arundel, Earl of (tenure 
[James II, Scot., 1437-60.] 

I Dunsany, Baron (writ) 


20.5 Shrewsbury, Earl of 


5.7 t Gray, Baron 

13. 1 DeMolincs, Baron (writ) 

28.6 t Saltoun, Baron 
1.7 t Forbes, Baron 

+ Huntly, Earl of 1st or. 

■ t Campbell (Argyll), Baron 

■ + Glamis, Baron 

t Graham, Baron 

+ Lindsay of the Byres, 


■ T Leslie, Baron 


17-7 \ "Waterford, Earl of 

3.3 Saye and Sele, Boron 
(writ; prec. of 1603) 

13.5 Stourton, Baron 
t Seton, Baron 


3 1. 1 + Montgomerie, Baron 
+ Sinclair, Baron, 1st cr. 

S.i t Huntly, Earl of, 2nd cr. 
5.9 Bergavenny, Baron, 2nd cr. 

12.6 + Boethwick, Baron 
t Kennedy, Baron 


1 7.3 f Erroll, Earl of 


Bebners, Baron 
i Caithness, Ea 
Berriedale, Baron 


+ Argyll, Earl of 
i Atholl, Earl of, 1st cr. 


f Morton, Earl of; Aber- 

dour, Baron 
t RomES, Earl of; Ballin- 
brieck, Baron 



i of-; 

Historic Peerage. 


[James III., Scot., 1460-83.] 

8.10 + Cathcart, Baron 

Edward IV., 1461-83. 

26.7 Hastings de Hastings, 


4.3 JTrimlestown, Baron 

\ Dunsanv, Baron (patent) 


t Lovat, Baron, 1st cr. 

( 1 year) 

tBuciiAN, Earl of; Auch- 

terhouse, Baron 

17.4 t Lome, Baron 

2.8 t Home, Ba ron 

7.8 ? GoRMANSTON, VlSC. 

1 5. ii Hastings de Hunger ford, 

Edward V., 1483 (3 months). 
(No creation.) 

Sicliard III., 14S3-S5. 

28.6 Norfolk, DukeoJ; Surrey 
Earl of 

Henry VII., 1485-1500. 

27.10 Derby, Earl of 


29.1 tDrummond of Cargill, 

,, i Crichton of Sanquhar, 

, , t Hay of Yester. Ba ron 
[James IV., Scot., 1483-1513.] 

26.1 t Sinclair, Baron, con- 

t Alloa ( .') , Baron, 

t Sempill, Baron 


3.2 t Herries, Baron 

, 149»- 
28.4 1- Ogilvy of Airlic, Baron 


Baron (writ) 

3.3 t Montrose, Earl of 


26.11 Herbert of England, Baron 


20. t t Eglinton, Earl of 

Heary VIII., 1509-47. 

17.10 Conyers, Baron (writ) 
„ Herbert of Herbert, Baron 

t Cassillis, Earl of 


14.1 t Elphinstone, Baron 
[James V., Scot., 1513-42.] 

1.2 \voreest6r, Earl of 


Baron (writ) r 

18.6 Rutland, Earl of 

23.2 I Ossory, Earl of 

3. 1 1 Br aye, Baron (writ) 

,, "Windsor, Baron (writ) 

2.12 Wentworth, Baron (writ) 
8.12 Huntingdon, Earl of 


2.1 JThurles, Vise. 


9.3 Russell of Cheneys, B«ron 
„ St. John of Basing (Win- 
chester), Baron 

11. 6 \ Dunboyne, Baron 

15 6 ? Louth, Baron 

[Mary, Scot., 1542-67.] 

1.7 & Clanricarde, Earl of ; 

Duhkellin, Baron 
,, ?I.N"caiQUiN, Baron 
2.10 t Caithness, Earl of; 

Berriedale, Baron, con- 

Edward VI., 1547-53. 

15.2 Seymour, Baron 
16.2 Somerset, Duke of 

19. 1 Bedford, Earl of 
„ Wiltshire, Earl of 

2.2 Hereford, Vise. 
23.10 SMountgarret, Vise. ; 

KeSs, Baron 

10.10 Herbert of Cardiff, Baron 
11.10 Pembroke, Earl of 
12.10 Winchester, Marq. of 

23.1 Taget, Baron (writ) 


^ary, 1553-58. 

Devon, Earl of 

North, Baron (writ) 
Howard of Effingham, 


Elizabeth, 155S-1603. 


13.1 St. JoiinofBletso, Baron 

30.1 + Moray, Earl of; Aber- 
nethy & Stratheam, 


24.1 + ToRFHicnEN, Baron 


29. 7 f Mar (M. & Kellie) , Earl o r 
[J arms VI., Scot., 1567 till King 
of Engld. also 1603.] 

25.2 Burghley, Baron 


4.5 Lincoln, Earl of 
8.5 De La W arr, Ba ron, and cr . 
,, Norreys, Baron (wiit) 


24.11 + Doune, Baron 

29.4 t Paisley, Baron 


18.5 t Maitland, Bar oh 


15.10 tNewbottle, Baron 

24.10 Howard de Walden, 

Baron (writ) 


| 17.4 t Huxtly, Marq. of; 
Enzie, Earl of 

15.11 f "WistoK, Earl of; Seton 

& Tranent, Baron 

t Roxburghe, Baron 


30.6 + Campbell of Loudoun, 



2.2 +Kinl033, Baron 

James I., 1603-25. 

S . 4 + Abercorn , Baron 
13.5 Cecil, Baron 

21.7 Suffolk. Earl of 

,, Grey of Groby, Baron 
,, Pf.tre, Bamn 
, , Russell of Thomhaugh, 

,, Spencer (Marlborough), 


9.8 Saye & Sei.e, Baron 

t Dirleton, Baron 




25.4 t Murray of Tullibardine, 


20.8 Cranborne, Vise. 


4.3 + Home, Earl of; Dunglass, 


,, tPERTn, Earl of; Drum- 
mend, of Stobhail, Baron 

7.4 + Scone, Bar on 

4.5 Exeter, Earl of 

,, Montgomery, Earl of; 

Herbert of Shuiiand, 

Ba ron 
„ Salisbury, Earl of 
,, Akundell of Wardoue, 


„ Cavendish of Hardwiek, 


18.3 tFentoun, Vise. 

. , f Scott of Buccleuch, Baron 
10.7 + Abercorn, Earl of; 

Hamilton, Mount castle, 
& Kilpa trick, Baron 
„ t Kinghorne, Earl of; 

Lyon & Glamis, Baron 
,, + Lothian, Earl of (oiig.) 
, , t Tullibardine, Earl of 

16.7 t Balfour of Burleigh, 

107 + Garlics, Baron 




9.7 Clifton (of Leigh ton 
Bromswold), Baron 


3 1 . 1 + Mad erty , Ba ron 

8.6 + Dingwall, Baron 


10.6 t Cardross, Baron 

7.3 t St. Colme, Baron 

17.4 + Moray, Earl of, confmd. 

30.11 + Binning & Byres, Barcn 
j 615. 

24.3 tEglinton, Earl of, con- 

firmed with former prec. 

30.6 Dormer, Baron 


2.4 t Lauderdale, Vise. 

14.4 t Carnegie of Kinnaird , 


30.4 + Melville (Leven), Baron 
m (orig.) 

9.7 Teynham, Baron 

19.7 ? Ardee, Baron 
20.7 ? Moore, TJaroTi 

6.9 ? Boyle of Youghal, Baron 

18.9 t Boxburghe, Earl of; 

Ker of Cessford, Baron 
7.11 Stanhope (Chesterfield), 


8.5 ? Hamilton of Strabane, 



17.2 ? Lambart of Cavan, Baron 

2.8 Northampton, Earl of 
7.8 Devonshire, Earl of 

2S-8 t Ramsay of Dalhousie, 


12.3 t Kellie, Earl of 

16.3 tBuccleuch,^?'^/; Scott 
of "Whitchester & Esk- 
daill, Baron 
20.3 + Haddington, Earl of 
7. 1 1 \ Stuart of Castlestuart 
(Earl Castlestewart), 


3.1 J Grandison, Fi'sc. 
29.7 jDiGBY, Baron 

16.10 J Cork, Earl of; Dungar- 

ivan, Vise. 
10.11 + Falkland, Vise; Cary, 

I t.i 2 {Fitzwilliam, Barm 
12.12 ?> Antrim, Earl of (ori&.) 
19-12 Mandcville, Fwc; Mon- 
tagu of Kimbolton, 

22. T2 JCaolfeildof Charlcmont, 

30-12 Feilding, Vise, & Baron 

29.1 Brooke, Baron 

7.2 ? Moore, Fisc. 
16.8 + Stokmont, Vise. 

4.9 5 "Wbstmbath, Earl of 

23.1 Andovor, Fisc. / Howard 
of Charlton, Baron 
2.2 + Air, Vise. 

1622 — conf. 
2.2 + J edburgh, Tiarore 
11. 3 ?Valentia, Fisc. 
16.3 ? Dillon, Vise. 
14.9 Denbigh, i^arZ of 

22.11 ? Desmond, 0/; Cal- 

lan, Vise. ; Feilding, 


8.7 Maidstone, Vise. 

19.9 t Galloway, Earl of 


14.3 t Lauderdale, Earl of; 

Maitland, Vise.; Thir- 
lestane &Boltoun, Baron 

29.12 Westmorland, Earl of; 

Burghersh, Baron 

Charles I., 1625-49. 

1.4 J Chichester (Donegal!). 

Vise. ; Chichester of 
Belfast, Baron 

18.4 $Kilniorey, Vise. 


5.2 Manchester, Earl of 
7.2 Berkshire, Earl of 
22.11 Lindsey, Earl of 

16.4 ?Meath, Earl of 

4.5 tDupplin, Vise.; Hay of 

Kinfauns, Baron 
4.5 + NapierofMerchistoun, 

23.6 Poulett, Baron 
107 $ Sherard, Baron 

10.8 t Melville (Leven), Baron, 
2nd cr. 

15.10 + Fairfax of Cameron, 



26.2 Brudenell, Baron 

25.2 I Boyle of Kinalmeaky, 

Fwc. ; Bandon Bridge, 
Baron ; Broghill, Baron 

26.3 Stamford, Earl of 

1.4 i'Drumlanrig, Vise.; 

Douglas of Hawick & 
Tibbers, Baron 
,, t Wemyss, Baron 

7.5 Strange, Baron (writ) 
;o.6 +Reay, Baron 

11. 7 Winciiilsea, 2fa?-Z 0/ 

12.7 JLumley, FiSC. 

1.8 ?Taaffe, I'/.sc. ; Bally- 

mote, Baron 
4.8 Chesterfield, Earl of 

23.8 SGalway (Clanncarde), 

J „• Imanney, Baron 

18.9 + Dalzell, Baron 

26.9 JFincall, 2?arZ 0/ 
22.12 JMolyneux, F/.sc. 


8.2 \ Mountnorris, Baron 
17.2 tAtholl, Earl of, 2nd cr. 

20.4 ? Burke. Fwc. 

12.5 llkerrin, Vise. 


31.10 t Lothian, Earl of, 2nd cr. 


8-5 + Lindsay, Earl of; Tar- 
broath, Baron 

1633 — cont. 

12.5 + Loudoun, 2?arZ 0// Tar- 

rinzean & Mauchline, 


2^.5 tKiNNOULL, Earl of 

12.6 tDuMFRiES, Earl of; 

Crichton of Cumnock, 


17.6 + Queensberry, Earl of 
14.6 tDouglas, Marq. of; 

+ A bernethy & Jedburgh 

Forest, Baron 
21.6 + Elgin, Earl of; Bruce of 

Kinloss, Baron 
22.6 t Southesk, Earl of; Car- 
negie of Kinnaird & 

Leuchars, Baron 
24.6 tAncram, Earl of; Kerr 

of Nisbet &c. , Baron 
25.6 t "Wemyss, Earl of; Elcho 

& Methel, Baron 

29.6 t Dalhousie, Earl of; 

Ramsay of Kerrington, 

22.7 t Forrester (Verulam), 


27.7 t Lindsay of Balcarres, 


2.4 -tAirlie, Earl of; Ogilvy 

of Alyth & Lintrathen, 

20.4 + Bosehill, Baron 
21.4 +Carnwath, Earl of; 

Dalzell & Libertou, 



12.9 Stafford, Baron 


6.8 Capell, Baron 
11.10+ Leven, Earl of; Bal- 

gonie, Baron 
16.11 t Akbuthnott, Vise.; 

Inverbervie, Baron 
1 7 . 1 1 + Balvaird, Baron 

2. 11 Worcester, Marq. of 

18.3 + Elibank, Baron 

12.4 +Ha Milton, Duke of; 

Clydesdale, Marq. of; 
Arran, Earl of ; Lanark, 
Earl of; Cambridge, 
Earl of; Aven, Baron ; 
Innerdale, Baron; Pol- 
mont, Baron; Machan- 
shire, Baron 
8.6 Sunderland, Earl of 
3.8 t Dysart, Earl of, 1st cr. 
(giving prec.j ; Hun- 
tingtower, Baron 

24.10 Byron, Baron 


23.3 Ward, Baron 

6.5 + Montrose, Marq. of 

6.6 Norfolk, Earl of 


4.8 + Selkirk , Earl of; Daer & 
Shortcleuch,/iaror! (dmt.) 
r.12 + Tweeddale, Earl of 

30.3 ? Donegall, Earl of 

Historic Peerage. 


1647 — cont. 
15.4 ?Cavan, Earl cf; Kil- 
coursie, Vise. 

I. 11 +Nobthesk, Earl of 
15.12 t Belhaven & Stenton, 

Baron (orig.) 
20.12 + Falconer, Baron 
26.12 t Kincardine, Earl cf; 

Bruce of Torry, Baron 
27.12 + Cochrane of Dundonald, 


Charles II., 1649-85 
(in exile 1649-60, but made the 
interim creations) . 


9.1 + Balcarres, Earl of; 

Balniel, Baron 
10. t t Bollo, Baron 

+Buthven, Baron 


12.7 Sandwich, Earl of; 

Hinchingbrooke, Vise. ; 

Montagu of St. Neots, 

5.9 ? Orrery, Earl ff 
10.9 t Aboyne, Earl of; Gordon 

of Strathavon&c, Baron 
2t.11 SMassereene, Vise; 

Loughneagh, Baron 
31.12 t Newburgh, Earl of ; 

Kynnaird, Vise; Lev- 

ingstone, Baron 

29.3 \ Cholmondeley, Vise. 

20.4 Essex, Earl of; Maiden, 


„ Cardigan, Earl of 
„ Townshend, Baron 
„ Ashley, Baron 
30.4 Carlisle, Earlof; Howard 
of Morpeth, Vise. ; 
Dacre, Baron 
14.6 SDrogheda, Earl of 

14.2 Doncaster, Earl of ; Scott 

of Tyndale, Baron 

20.4 tBuccLEucH, Duke of; 

Dalkeith, Earl of 
7.5 Luc AS , Baron 

2. 2 St. Liz, Baron 

14.3 Arlington, Baron 


8.10 ?Charlemont, Vise. 

II. 12 Craven, Baron 


12.5 + Dundonald, Earl of; 

Cochrane of Paisley, 


5.12 tDysart, Earl of, con- 
firmed (prec, of 1643) 

22.4 Arlington, Earl of; Thet- 

ford, Vise. 
„ Clifford of Chudleigh, 

23.4 Shaftesbury, Earl of; 

Cooper, Baron 
16.8 Eustpn, Earl of; Ipswich, 

Vise. ; Sudbury, Baron 

15.8 Latimer, Vise.; Osbome, 



ic.i Finch, Baron 
2.2 i- Osborne, Vise. 

27.6 Danby, Earl of 


10.2 t Belhaven & Stenton, 
Baron, 2nd cr. 

19.7 + Dunblane, Vise. 

9.8 Bichmond, Duke of; 

March, Earl of; Set- 
trington, Baron 

9.9 + Lennox, Duke of; Darn- 

ley, Earl of; Methuen 
(of Torbolton), Baron 

1 1.9 Grafton, Duke of 

22.11 ?Granard, Vise.; Clane- 

hugh, Baron 

7.2 t Atholl, Mara, of; Tulli- 
bardine, Earl of; Bal- 
quhidder, Vise.; Mur- 
ray, Balvenie, & Gask, 

27.12 Burford, Earl of; Heding- 

ton, Baron 

2c.6 +Kintore, Earlof; Keith 
of Inverurie, Baron 

28.6 +Breadalbane & Hol- 
land, Earl of; Tay & 
Paintland, Vise. ; Glen- 
orchy, Benederaloeh, 
&C, Baron 

I. 7 + Strathmore & KlNG- 

horne, Earl of (new 
pat.) ; Lyon, Vise. ; 
Glamis, Tannadyce, &c, 


29.4 Manners of Haddon, Baron 


11. 9 Berkeley, Earl of; Durs- 
ley, Vise. 

19.2 $Downe, Vise. 


27. 1 t Nairne, Baron 

12.5 Nottingham, Earl of 
31.5 Lumley, Baron 


I I. 2 + Queensberry, Marq. of 
24.11 Ossulston, Baron 

30.11 Abingdon, Earl of 

t Aberdeen, Earl of; For- 
martine, Vise. ; Haddo, 
Methhc, &c, Baron 
2.12 Beaufort, Duke of 
„ Dartmouth, Baron 

1 1. 12 Townshend of Raynham, 


, , "Weymouth, Vise.; Thynne, 

28.12 t Kinnaird, Baron 

27.9 Guilford, Baron 

10. 1 St. Albans, Duke of 
I 30.12 ?Granard, Earl of 

James II., 1685-88. 

14.4 tMelfort, Vise, (dormt.) ; 

Drummond of Gilstoun, 


14.5 Churchill (Marlborough), 



20.1 "Waldegrave, Baron 

12.8 tMELFORT, Earl of 
{donnt. ) ; Forth, Vise. ; 
Drummond of Biccar- 
toun, Baron 

16.8 t Dunmore, Earl of ; Fin- 
castle, Vise. ; Murray of 
Blair, Baron 
6.q t Strathallan, Vise. ; Drum- 
mond of Cromlix, Baron 

William III., 1689- 1702. 

9.4 Carmarthen, Marq. of 
,, Marlborough, Earl of 
,, Portland, Earl of; Wood- 
stock, Vise; Cirences- 
ter, Baron 

10.4 * Lumley, Vise. 

,, Cholmondeley, Baron 

20.5 Ashburnham, Baron 


8.4 "("Melville, Earl of; 

Kirkaldie, Vise; Baith, 
Monymail, & Balwearie, 

13.4 Scarbrough, Earl of 

21.4 t Stair, Vise; Glenluce & 

Stranraer, Baron 
26.12 t Polwarth, Baron 

20.3 Villiers, Vise & Baron 


4.5 Leeds, Duke of 

11. 5 Bedford, Duke of; 

Tavistock, Marq. of 
125 Devonshire, Duke of; 

Hartington, Marq. of 
17.12 + Tweeddale, Marq. of: 

Gilford, Earl of; Wal- 

den, Vise 

13.6 Howland, Baron 

25. 6 § Lisburne, Vise; Vaughan 

of Fethard, Baron 

3.1 + Orkney, Earl of; Kirk- 
wall, Vise; Dcchmont, 


10.2 Albemarle, Earl of; 

Bury, Vise : Ashford, 

20.4 t March (Wemyss&M.), 

Earl of; Peebles, Vise. ; 
Douglas of Neidpath 
&c, Baron 

26.4 Coventry, Earl of; Deer- 
hurst, Vise 

13.10 Jersey, Earl of 

25.7 Barnard, Baron 


31. 1 i- Boyle of Kelburne &c, 


4 2 



1.4 tRosebery, Vise; Prim- 
rose & Dalmeny, Baron 

23.6 Argyll, Duke of; Lorn 
& Kintyre, Mara, of; 
Campbell & Cowall, Earl 
of; Lochow & Glenyia, 
Vise. ; Inveraray, Mull , 
Morvern, &c, Baron 
,, + Lothian, Marq. of; An- 
cram, Earl of; Briene, 
Vise. ; Kerr of New- 
bottle, Baron 

24.6 i~ fiE afield, Earl of ; Reid- 
haven, Vise. ; Ogilvy of 
Deskford, Baron 
2.9 ? Strabane, Vise; Mount- 
castle, Baron 

Anne, 1702-14. 
j 702. 

14.12 Marlborough, Duke of; 
Blandford, Marq. of 

15.3 Guernsey, Baron 

16.3 Gower, Baron 

17.3 Conway of Ragley, Baron 

23.3 Hervey, Baron 

29.3 Rutland, Duke of; 

Granby, Marq. of 
3.4 f Stair, Ea rl o f; Dalrymple, 
Vise.; Newliston, Baron 
jo. 4 t Rosebery, Earl of; In- 
verkeithing, Vise. 

12.4 + Glasgow, Earl of; 

Kelbume, Vise. ; Boyle 
of Stewartoun &e., 

14.4 tBuTE, Earl of; Kin- 
garth, Vise. ; Mount 
Stuart, Cuinra, &c, 

15.4 + Hopetoun, Earl of; 

Aithrie, Vise. ; Hope, 

30.6 + Atiioll, Duke of; Tulli- 
bardine, Marq. of; 
Strathardle& Strathtay, 
Earl of; Baiquhidder, 
Glenalmond, & Glcn- 
lyon, Vise. 

26.11 1'Garnock, Vise.; Kil- 
birnie, Kingsburn, &c, 


17.6 1 CJueensberry (Bac- 
cleuch), Duke of; Dum- 
friesshire, Marq. of: 
Drumlanri g& Sano uhar , 
Earl of; Nith, Torthor- 
wald, &c, Vise. ; Dong- 
las of Kinmont &c, 

2j.i2 Poulett, Earl: Hinton, 

274 12 Cholmondeley, Earl of; 
Malpas, Vise. 

24.4 t Montrose, Duke of; 

Grali am & Buchanan, 
Marq. of; Kincardine, 
Earl of ; Dundaff, Vise. ; 

1707— cent. 
AbeiTuthven, Mugdock, 
&c., Baron 
25.4 t Roxburghe, Duke of; 

Bowmont & Cessford, 
Marq. of; Kelso, Earl 
of; Broxxaouth, Vise. 
Peerages of G-t. Britain {from 
June 20, 1707) and of Ireland. 

3.9 Ferrers, Earl; Taru- 

worth, Vise. 
5.9 Dartmouth, Earl of; 

Lewisham, Vise. 
,, Boyle (of Marston), Baron 

10.9 Br.vndon, Duke of; 

Dutton, Baron 
31.T2 Hay (of Pedwardine), 


1.1 Middleton, Baron 
,, Bathurst, Baron 
7.7 Boling broke, Vise. ; St. 

John of Lydiard Trc- 

goze, Baron 

16.10 IConway (of Killultagh), 


George I., 1714-27. 

19.10 Bristol, Earl of 
,, Tankerville, Earl of 
Aylesford, Earl of 
*7 S 5- 

12.4 ?Newborough (Chol- 
mondeley), Baron 

13.4 \ Brodrick, Baron 

21.4 § Perceval, Baron 
9.5 § Carbery, Baron 

20.10 \ Hamilton of Stackallan, 
Bar 071 

21.10 ? Newtown-Butler, Baron 

1 o. 3 Farkcr of Macclesfield , 

19.6 Onslow, Baron 

22.6 Romney, Baron 

2.7 St. John (Bolingbroke). 

Vise. ; St. John of Bat- 

tersea. Baron 
6. 7 Portland, Duke of; Titch- 

rield, Marq. of 

10.7 Newburgh (Cholmon- 

deley), Baron 

16.7 } MoLEStVOBTH, Vise. ; 

Philipstownj Baron 
21. -j \ Imtzwj LLIAM, Eat I; 
Milton, Vise, 

29.6 ?Ciietwvn-d, Vise. ; Rath- 

downe, Baron 
2.7 Stanhope of Mahon, Vise.; 
Stanhope, Baron 

15.3 \ Midleton, Vise. 

20.8 JBoyne, Vise. 

21.8 i Hillsborough, rise. ; Hill 

of Kilwarlin, Baron 
4.9 i Southwell, Baron 

14.4 Stanhope, Earl 

1.5 ? Aylmeb de Balrath, Baron 
8.5 Cadogan, Baron 

23.5 Cobham, Vise. & Baron 


11. 6 


4. 11 

1 1.9 




Manchester, Duke of 
I Grimston, Vise. ; Dun- 
boyne, Baron 
Falmouth, Vise. ; 

Boscawen-Rose, Baron 
Lymington, Vise. ; 

Wallop, Baron 
{Barrjngton, Vise. & 

? Gage, Vise. & Baron 
1 $ Tyrone, Vise.; BeresforJ, 


I Bessborough, Baron 
I Clifton of Rathmore, 

Torrington, Vise. ; Byug, 

1 Macclesfield, Earl of; 
Parker, Vise. 

Graham, Earl; Graham of 
Belford, Baron 
1 Percy (Atholl), Baron 


? Kerry, Earl of; 

Clanmaurice, )'isc. 
\ Perceval, Vise. 
?Duncannon, Vise. 
?Darnley, Vise. 
Walpole of "VValpole, Baron 

; King of Ockham, Baron 
« \ Darnley, Earl of 

George II., 1727-60. 

?Galway, Vise.; Killard. 

Hobart, Baron 
Monson, Baron 
I Lanesborough , Vise. 

Waldeguave, Earl; 
Chewton, Vise. 

6.1 HaiTington, Baron 

4.5 Ash curxham, Earl of; 
St. Asaph, Vise. 

7.10 ? Castle Durrow, Earl of 

6. 11 \ Egmont, Earl of 
o. 1 1 \ Dcsart, Baron 

3. 1 1 Havdwicke, Baron 

5.12 Talbot (Shrewsb.), Baron 


S.7 ?Braeo, Baron 

6.10 \ Bessborough, Earl of 

1 . 5 Ilchest er & Strang w ays , 


9.2 Harrington, Earl of; 

Petersham, Vise, 
g. 4 Fitzwilliam of Milton, 

3.4 Edgcumbe, Baron 

1.4 Portsmouth, Earl oj 





Historic Peerage. 


1743 — cont. 
29.11 \ Newport (Koden) , Baron 

4.2 8 POWEE30OURT, Vise; 

Wingficld, Baron 

17.4 Bruce of Tottenham, Baron 
5.7 Fortescue, Baron 
7.7 Brooke, Earl 
8.7 Gower, Earl; Trentham, 

9.7 ? Momington, Baron 
18.7 ? Tyrone, Earl 0/ 

5.9 Buckinghamshire, £V;?-7 0/ 

6.9 Fitz William, Earl ; 

Milton, Vise. 

12. 1 Hchester, Stavordale, &c, 


21.2 Leinster, Fisc. 

29.6 Folkestone, Vise; Long- 
ford (Badnor), Baron 

10.6 SCarrick, Earl of 

12.6 Ponsonby (of Sysonby) , 

2. 10 Northumberland, Earl f ; 

W arkworth, Baron 

28.3 Vere, Baron 

10.4 ?Knapton, Baron 

3.8 Hertford, Earl of; 

Beauchamp, Vise. 
175* • 

30.9 ? Ashbrook, Vise, 
3.10 $ Hillsborough, Earl of; 
Kilwarlin, Vise. 

7.10 ?Fitzmauriee, Vise.; 

Dunkeron, Baron 
J 752. 

23 1 JCarysfort, Baron 
8.4 Guilford, Earl of 

36.6 ?Shelburne, Earl of 

8. 11 § Poliington , Baron 


2.4 Hardwicke, ifr-H 0/; 

Boyston, Vise. 

6.12 ?jocelyn, Fi'sc. 


17.4 § Shannon, Earl of; Boyle 
of Bandon, Vise.; Castle 
Martyr', Baron 

4.5 SMountmorres, Baron 
5.5 I Russborough, Baron 
6.5 ^Faknham, Baron 

7.5 ? Longford, Baron' 

3.6 Hyde, Baron 

4.6 Walpole of Wolterfcon, 

17.6 Ilchester, i&ari! of 

20.7 ? Lanesborough, £ar? oj 
17. 11 Newcastle, Dw&e 0/ 

„ Harwich, Baron 

15.8 ?Sudley, Vise.; Saunders, 


18.9 ?Lisle, Baron 
19.9 § Courtown, Baron 

20.9 J Annesley of Castlewellan, 

26.4 J Fife, Earl; Macduff, 

Vise. Jtt 
30.11 Warwick, Earl of 

George III., 1760-1820.' 

17.5 Wycombe of Chipping 

Wycombe, Baron 
22.5 Sondes, Baron 
20.8 ?MontEagle of Westport, 

6.9 ?Headfort, Baron 

8.9 ?Bussborough, Vise. 

,, JMountflorence, Baron 

2.10 SMornington, Earl of; 

Wellesley, Vise. 

iS 3 De La Warr, Earl; • 
Cantelupe, Vise. 

19.3 ? Kildare, M arq.of; 

Offaly, Earl of 
3.4 Spencer, Vise. & Baron 
,, Mount Stuart, i?flro/i 
7.4 Grantham, Baron 

8.4 Grosvenor, Baron 
0.4 Scarsdale, Baron 

10.4 Boston, Baron 

,, 5 Winterton, Baron 

15.3 JClive (of Plassey) , Z?«j-o« 

12.4 $Arean, Earl of 

,, '{COURTOWN, JR'tt/'Z of; 

Stopford, Vise. 
„ ?Headfort, Vise. 

4.5 Pelham, Baron 

7.5 Lovel & Holland, Barow 

12.5 Vernon of Kinderton, 



27.4 Ducie, Baron 

10.5 JMilltown, Earl of(diut.) 

29.6 JMountmorres, Ftsc. 


13 7 {Kingston, Baron 

14.7 ? Kilworth, Baron 


17 7 Camden, Baron 

19.8 *Digey, Baron 

31.10 BADNOR,i?aWr)/; Pleydell- 
Bouverie, Baron 

1. 11 Si'Encer, ,6'arf; Althorp, 

Fi'sc, 1st cr. 

22.1 jMountCashell, Pise. 

1 1.2 ?Mexborougii, Earl of; 

Poliington, Vise. 
T2.2 SWinteISW, Earl; 

Tumour, Vise. 
22.10 Northumberland, Duke 

of; Percy, 

24.10 sBective, Earl of 

14. 11 ?Glerawly, Vise. 

15. 1 1 ?Kingsborough, F?sc. 
1 7. 1 1 jClanwilliam, Vise.; 
Gillford, Baron 

26.11 \ Leinster, Duke of 

22.12 Sundridge, Baron 


3.9 ?Howth, St. 

Lawrence, Fi'sc. 
,, $Mulgrave, Baron 

9.1 Sljfford, i&Wft 

1768— eonf. 
15 7 SErne, Baron 
24.8 ? Westport, Fisc. 
25.8 ^Kingston, £"<zW 0/ 

23.5 ?Arden, Baron 
29.5 ? Dawson, Baron 
30.5 § Bangor, Baron 

24. 1 Apsley, Baron 

9 9 §Boden, 0/ 
30.11 JSefton, Earl of 

4.12 JAltamont, Earl of 

27.8 Bathurst, Earl 
28.8 Hillsborough, £ar? 
Fairford, Vise. 

29.4 ?Westcote, Baron 

20.5 Hamilton of Hameldofi, 

,, Brownlow, Baron 
„ Cardiff, J?ar©» 
,, Harro wby, Boron 
,, Hawke, Baron 
,, Foley, Baron 
„ Cranley, Baron 

10.6 Ailesbury, Ear! of 
14.6 Clarendon, £Yi?7 of , 

19.6 ?De Vesci, Vise. 

2.7 jSDoneraile, Baron 

17.7 ?Macdonald, Baron 
18.7 ?Lisburne, Ear! < f 

,, (5 Southwell, F?sc. 
20.7 JClanwilliam, Earl of 

,, § Enniskillen, Ffee. 

,, {Kensington, Baron 

,, ?Gosford, Baron 
21.7 §Clonmore, Baron 

23.7 $NEWBOROUGH, J?«f0fl 

24.7 ?Carlow, Fisc. 

,, sLucan, .Cwc-n. 

27.7 ? Clif den, Baron 

1.8 ?Naas, iJarow 

3.8 jTempletown, 2?«ro;i 
4.8 ? Massy, Baron 
31.10 Mansfield (of Notts., 1st ' 
Earldom), Earl of 

17.10 Dynevor, Baron 
,, Walsingham, Baron 
,, Bagot, Baron 
,, rorchestcr, Baron 
,, Southampton, Z'aron 
i 7 3i. 

4.I § LlFFOED, J '(SC. 

, , J Conyngham , n 

5.1 {Mount Cashell, Earl 

,, ? Muskerry, Baron 

6.1 ? Desait, Fisc. 

,, ?Eme, Vise. 

,, '{Belmore, Baron 

9.1 § Sheffield (of Dunamcre ), j 


13. 1 ? Bang or, Vise. 

,, JClifden, F/5C 

,, SMayo, Vise. 

1 6 . 1 ? Welles , Ba ron 

5.3 Mount Edgcumbe & 

Valletort, Vise. 

9.4 Grantley of Markenfield, 




1782 — cont. 
19.6 Rodney, Baron 
2.9 \ Hood, Baron 

10.10 ?Harberton, Baron 
it. 10 I Lei trim, Baron 
16.10 ? Donoughmore, Baron 
19. 10 {Sheffield of Roscommon, 

21.10 ?Muncaster, i?arora 

28. 1 Lovaine of Alnwick, Baron 
30.1 Eliot, Baron 
17.5 Abergavenny, Earl oj ; 
Nevill, Vise. 

,, Somers of Evesham, Baron 
18.5 Boringdon, Baron 
19.5 Uxbridge, ifarZ of 

,, Berwick, Baron 

20.5 Sherborne, Baron 
,, §Earlsfort, Baron 

3.7 Talbot (Shrewsbury &T.), 
Earl; Irigestre, rise. 

5.7 Grosvenor, i'a?7; Belgrave, 


6.12 Lansdowne, Marq. of; 
"Wycombe, Earl rf; 
Calne & Calstone, Vise. 

J 785. 

19.6 ? Antrim, Earl of (new 

pat.) ; Dunluce, Vise. 
20.6 I Longford, Earl of 

,, §Gosford, Vise. 
21.6 ? Port Arlington, Earl of 

22.6 ? DONERAILE, F?SC. 

23.6 (jWicklow, Vise. 
24.6 ?Mayo, is*arZ 0/ 
28.6 ?Loftus, Baron 
29.6 j De Montalt, Baron 

1.3 Stafford (Sutherland), 
Marq. of 
13.5 Camden, Earl; Bayham, 

8.8 Hamilton (Abercorn), 


18.8 Strange, Earl ; Murray 

of Stanley, Baron 
21.8 * Tyrone, Baron 
,, Carleton, Baron 
,, Suffield, Baron 

31.10 Townsiiend, Marq. 

9.6 * Kenyon of Gredington, 

19.8 Howe, Baron 

5.9 Bbaybrooke, Baron 

6.9 Amherst, Baron (Earl A.) 

19.9 Malmesbury, Baron 

x 7 8 9 . 

17.8 ?Annesley, -Eto-Z 
iS.S Bath, il/ar^. 0/ 

,, $Enniskillen, Earl of 

,, {Erne, Earl of 

,, ? 'Carysfort, Earl of 

,, $Clonmell, Fisc. 
19.8 ^Waterford, Marq. of 
20.8 ?Downsiiire, Marq. of 
24.8 Salisbury, Marq. of 
31.8 Mount EDGCUMBE,#«rZ of 
1.9 Fortescue, .EVij'Z; 
Ebrington, F/sc, 

1789— cont. 
20.9 ? Londonderry, jf?aro?i 
21.9 3Kilmaine, Baron 

22.9 ?Cloncurry, Baron 

18. 11 {Auckland, Baron 
6.12 ?Belmore, F?sc. 

,, JConyngham, Fisc. 

28.12 ?Loftus, Vise. 


2.6 ?Glentworth, Baron 
3.6 ?Clonbrock, Baron 
5.6 § Oriel, Baron 

6.6 ?Caledon, Baron 

3.7 Fisherwick, Baron 
6.7 Verulam, Baron 

15.10 Abercorn, Marq. of 
1. 1 1 * Gage, Baron 

2.1 1 Beverley, 2?arZ 0/ 


27.6 ?Donegall, Marq. of; 
Belfast, 2?arZ 0/ 

5.7 ?Harberton, Fisc. 
,, I Northland, Vise. 


12.6 Tiiurlow, Baron 
14.6 $Waterpark, Baron 

1.8 Mansfield (of Middx., 

2nd Earldom), Earl of 
25.9 \ Oxmantown, Baron 

22.5 * Auckland, Baron 
3.7 Carnarvon, itarZ of 
5.7 Hertford, Marq. of; 
Yarmouth, Earl of 

30.11 QBandon, Baron 

3.12 § Lei trim, Fisc. 
5.12 ?Hawarden, Vise. 

20.12 §Desart, ifaj-Z of; Castle 

Cuffe, Vise. 
,, ?Wicklow, Earl of 
,, 5 Clonmell, Earl of 
,, ? Castlestuart, Vise. 


2.3 ?Ely, ^rt^f/ 
12.8 § Bridport, 

13.8 Bradford, Baron 

,, Clive of Walcot, Baron 
,, Curzon of Perm, Baron 
,, Dundas, Baron 
,, Lyttelton of Frankley, 

,, Mendip, Baron 
,, * Mulgrave, Baron 
,, Yarborough, Baron 
24.10 \ Graves of Gravescnd, 

^ , 1795 - 

27.3 Hood, Baron 

12.6 I Somerton, Baron 
19.6 JYelverton, Baron 

30.9 ?Leitrim, Earl oj 
1. 10 JLucan, i'rzcZ of 

,, ?Castlereagh, F/sc. 
6.10 ?Bandon, Vise. 

31.10 Loughborough, i?aj-o?i 


27.2 Bute, Marq. of; "Windsor, 
Earl of; Mount joy, 
28.5 Rous, Baron 
1.6 Hood, Vise, 
4.6 Stuart of Castle Stuart 
(Moray), Baron 

1796 — cont. 
6.6 Stewart of Garlies, 

7.6 Saltersford, Baron 
1 1. 6 *Brodrick, Baron 
15.6 Caltiiorpe, Baron 
16.6 Gwydyr, Baron 
18.6 Harewood, Baron 

21.6 Cawdor, Baron 

9.7 ?Huntingfield, Baron 

16.7 {CARRINGTON, Baron 

23. j Newark, Vise; Pierre- 
pont, Baron 
8.3 $ Londonderry, #arZ 0/ 
19.10 $Rossmore, Baron 


3.3 §Teignmouth, Baron 

17.3 ij Hotham, Baron 

20.10 Bolton, Baron 
,, * Carrington, Baron 
,, Minto, Baron 

26.10 Lowther, Ft'sc. & Baron 
,, Lilford, Baron 
,, Ribblesdale, Baron 
,, Wodehouse, Baron 

30.10 Duncan, F?sc. & Baron 

5 . 1 1 5 Conyngham, 2?o»-Z ; 

Mount Charles, Ft'sc. 

14. 11 ?Cremorne, Baron 

,, JHeadley, Allanson, & 
Winn, Ba'-on 
20.11 {Belmore, 2?arZ r/ 

,, {Donoughmore, Hsc. 
22.11 ?Ferrard, Fisc. 
23.11 ?Caledon, Vise. 

,, JMonck, Baron 
24.11 ? Norwood, Baron 
25.11 iSKilconnel, Baron 

1. 1 2 ?Crofton, Baron 


14.2 ?Kenmare, Fisc; 

Castlerosse, ^a?o« 
,, ?Ffrencii, Baron 

23.4 Cumberland & Teviot- 

dale, Z>u&.<? 0/; 

Armagh, Earl of 
18.7 Eldon, Baron 
9. 11 J Henley, Baron 

30.7 $De Blaquiebe, Baron 


,, ?Henniker, Baron 
,, ?Ventry, Baron 
,, JWallscourt, Baron 
,, $ Dun alley, Baron 
,, ? Olanmorris, Baron 
,, $ Langford, Baron 
,, $ Ennismore, Baron 
,, ? Frankfort, Baron 
,, ?Adare, Baron 
6.8 JBandon, 0// 

Bernard, F/sc. 
27.12 Cadogan, £arZ; Chelsea, 


,, $Norbury, Baron 
,, ?Radstock, J?arore 
,, ? Gardner, Baron (drmt.) 
,, JAshtown, Baron 
,, I Clarina, Baron 
29.12 JHeadfort, Marq. oj 
,, ?Sligo, Marq. of 

Historic Peerage. 


1800— cont. 
29.12 ?Ely, Marq. of 

Malmesbury, Earl of; 
FitzHarris, Vise. 
„ SClanricarde, Earl of, new 

„ ?Castlestewart, Earl 

,, JAvonmore, Vise. 

„ \ Limerick, Vise. 

„ JErris, Baron 
30.12 ?Somerton, Vise. 
3r.i2 $Donoughmore, Earl of 

Peerages of U. Kingdom and ad- 
ditional of Ireland (from Jan. 1). 

1.1 SCaledon, Earl rj 
3.1 $Kenmare, Earl of; 

Castlerosse, Vise. 
,, ?Dunlo, Vise. 

5.1 $Monck, Vise. 
19. 1 *Loftus, Baron 

2 1. 1 *Carysfort, Baron 

4.2 Exeter, Marq. of 
21.4 Rosslyn, Earl of 

27.4 St. Vincent, Vise. 

28.5 Abercromby, Baron 

18.6 Craven, Earl of; 

Uffington, Vise. 
19.6 Onslow, Earl of; Cranley, 

22.6 Romney, Earl of; 

Marsham, Vise. 
23.6 Chichester, Earl of 

„ Grey of Howick, Baron 
26.6 Wilton, Earl of ; Greyde 

Wilton, Vise. 
18.8 Nelson, Baron 

27.2 Curzon, Vise. 

19.4 Ellenborougii, Baron 

19.6 Sandys, Baron 

28.7 * Arden, Baron 
29.7 * Sheffield (of Sheffield), 

24.12 Melville, Vise. ; 
Duneira, Baron 

22.1 ? Limerick, Earl of 

12.2 ?Clancarty, Earl / 
4.6 Botetourt, Baron, 

confirmed by pat. 

14.5 Powis, Earl of; Clive, 

Vise. ; Powis, Baron ; 
Herbert of Chirbury, 


12. 1 Sidmouth, Vise. 
1.5 Barham, Baron 

20.11 Nelson, Earl; Merton of 
Trafalgar, Vise. 

1.2 ?Rendlesham, Baron 
3-2 ?Bosse, Earl of 
4.2 JGosford, Earl oj 
,, ?Normanton, Earl oj 

10.2 Erskine, Baron 
13.2 STempletown, Vise. 
15-2 Ardrossan, Baron 
17.2 Anson, Vise.; Soberton, ; 

20.2 *MontEagle (of 

Westport), Baron 

1806 — cont. 
24.2 * Granard, Baron 
26.2 Beauchamp, Baron 
9.4 Manvers, Earl 
' 10.4 Orford, Earl of * 

1 1. 4 Grey, Earl; Howick, 

28.5 SLorton, Vise 
1 2. 1 1 Ailsa, Baron 
27.11 * Gardner, Baron (dormt.) 


7.4 Lonsdale, i?arZ r/ 

20.4 Manners, Baron 
9. 1 1 Catbcart, Fisc. ; Greenock, 



3.2 *Hopetoun, Baron 
19.7 Harrowby, .SaW f>/; 

Sandon, Vise. 
4.9 Wellington, Fisc. ; Doiu'o, 


15.5 I Kiltarton, Baron 

28.2 Wellington, Earl of 

7.9 Northampton, Marq. of; 
Compton, Earl ; Wil- 
mington, Baron 

Camden, Marq. ; Breck- 
nock, Earl of 
,, Hare wood, Earl of; 

Lascelles, Vise. 
„ Mulgrave, Earl of; Nor- 
manby, Vise. 

3.10 Wellington, Marq. of 
21.12 JDecies, Baron 
24.12 $Castlemaine, Baron 


24.2 Minto, Earl of; Melgund, 


ir.5 Wellington, Duke of; 

Douro, Marq. 
17.5 Combermere, Baron 
,, Niddry, Baron 

1.6 Gordon, Vise. 
,, Exmouth, Baron 

1.7 Stewart of Stewart's 
Court, Baron 

16.7 Cathcart, Earl 

4.7 Anglesey, Marq. oj 

4.8 Trench, Baron 

1 1.8 Meldrum, Baron 
,, Grinstead, Baron 
,, Foxford, Baron 
,, Churchill, Baron 
„ Harris, Baron 

12.8 Granville, Vise. 
17. 11 Brownlow, -E'arZ ; 

Alford, Fi'sc. 
22.11 Cholmondeley, Marq. of; 

Bocksavage, Earl of 
24.11 Verulam, Earl of; 

Grimston, Vise. 
28.11 St. Germans, Earl 0; 
29.11 Morley, Earl of; 

Boringdon, Vise. 
30.11 Bradford, Earl of; 
Newport, Vise. 
1. 12 Beauchamp, Earl ; 
Elmley, Vise. 


13. 1 \ Londonderry. Marq. of 
15.1 \ Ennismore & Listowel , 

16. t Hill of Almarez &c, Baron 

22.1 JCONYNGHAM, Marq. ,' 

Mount Charles> Earl of; 
Slane, Vise. 
,, \ Sheffield, Earl of; 

Pevensey, Vise. 
„ ? Frankfort de Mont- 
morency, Vise. 
,, ?Gort, Vise. 
5.2 ?Mount Earl, Vise. 
25.10 De Grey, Earl 
10. 12 Exmouth, Vise. 


3.6 Colchester, Baron 


28.10 $Garvagii, Baron 

George IV., 1820-30. 

14.6 Hutchinson, Vise. 

7.7 Eldon, Earl of; Encombe, 


15.7 Howe, Earl 

17.7 Ailesbury, 3larq. of; 

Hruce, Earl; Savernake, 

, , Ker (of Kersheugh) , Baron 
,, Minster, Baron 
,, * Ormonde, Baron 
,, *Wemyss, Baron 
,, Silchester, Baron 
„ * Oriel, Baron 
„ Ravensworth, Baron 
,, Delamere, Baron 
,, Forester, Baron 
,, Glenlyon, Baron 
18.7 Stradbroke, Earl oj; 
Dunwich, Vise. 
,, Bayleigh, Baron 

4.2 Temple of Stowe, Earl 
5.2 $Kilmorey, Earl of; 

Newry & Mourne, Vise. 
„ ?Dunraven & Mount 

Earl, Earl of; Adare, 


„ I Listowel, Earl of 

8.7 V ask, Earl; Seaham, Vise. 
8.12 *Clancarty, Vise. 

30.1 Gifford, Baron 
17.6 tNairne, Baron, restored 

29.10 ? Ormonde, Marq. of 

26.11 SClanricarde, Marq. of 


30.6 Bristol, Marq. of; 

Jermyn, Earl 
5.7 Wigan, Baron 
6.7 *Ranfurlv, Baron 

12.7 Wharncliffe, Baron 
14.7 Feversham, Baron 
15.7 Seaford, Baron 

13.12 Somerhill, Baron 
19.12 Amherst, Earl; 

Holmesdale, Vise. 

4 6 


4 .6 


8.2 CostBibKMB&ls, Vise-. 
28.4 Goderich, Vise, 

30.4 Tenterden, Barort, 

1.5 Plunket, i?a>-ow ' 
23.6 SNoiiBURY, Earl of / 

Clandine, F/sc. 
5.10 Cawdor, .Ear?; Emlyn, 


2 x.i Cowley, i?arora 
23.1 Heytesbury, Baron 
26.1 *Rosebery, Baron 
28. 1 *Clan\vieliam, J?araw 
j 29.1 Durham, Baron 
j 30.1 Skelmersdale, l?ar <?« 


5.6 "VVynford, Baron 

William IV., 1830-7. 

28.1 § Guillamore, Vise; 
O' Grady, Baron 

26.5 I Talbot of Malaiiide, 
Baron ; Malahide, Baron 

Munster, Earl of; Fitz- 
Clarence, Vise; Tewkes - 
bury, Baron 
Kilmarnock, Baron 

* Fingall, Baron 

* Sefton, Baron 
Clements, Baron 
Ailsa, 3Iarq. 
Burlington, Earl of; 

Cavendish of Keighley, 
Chaworth, Baron 
*Dunmore, Baron 
Oakley, Baron 
Poltimore, Baron 
Mostyn, Baron 
Templemore, Baron 
Camperdown, Earl of 
Westminster, 3Iarq. oj 
SRanfurly, Earl of 

* Cloncurry, Baron 
Lichfield, Earl of 
De Saumarez, Baron 
Kenlis, Baron 

Codolphin, Baron 
Stanley of Bicker.staffe, 


Sutherland, Duke of 
Durham, Earl of; 

Lambton, Vise. 
Bipon, Earl of 
Granville, Earl ; 
Leveson, Baron 
Denman, Baron 
$Carew, Baron 
Duncannon, Baron 


Abinger, Baron 
De L'Isle & Dudley, 

Canterbury, Vise.; 

Bottesford, Baron 
Ashburton, Baron 
Hatherton, Baron 

1 -',.'5 



1835— cont. 
Strafford, Baron 
13.6 Y/orlingham, Baron 

20.1 Cottenham, Baron 
22.1 Stratiieden, Baron 
4.5 (SOranmore & Browse, 


27.1 Effingham, Earl of 

,, Portman, Baron 
28.1 Ducie, Earl of; Moreton, 
,, *Lovat, Baron 
30.1 Yarborough, Earl of; 
Worsley, Baron 
,, Batemak, Baron 

Victoria, 1837-1901. 

Premier, Vise. Melbourne. 
(April 18, 1835 to Sept. 6, 1841.) 

11.8 Innes, Earl 
12.8 Leicester, Earl of; 
Coke, Vise. 

25.6 Normanby, Marq. of 

30.6 Lovelace, Earl of; 

Ockham, Vise. 
2.7 Zetland, Earl of 
5.7 *Kintore, Baron 
7,7 * Rossmore, Baron 
9.7 *Carew, Baron 

10.7 De Mauley, Baron 

1 1. 7 Wrottesley, Baron 

12.7 Sudeley, Baron 
T3.7 Methuen, Baron 


9.5 Stanley of Alderley, 

11. 5 LEiGn, Baron 
13.5 Wenlock, Baron 

14.5 Lurgan, Baron 


14.12 Seaton, Baron 

30.6 Campbell (of St. 

Andrews), Baron 

11. 8 Oxenfoord, Baron 

16.8 Gainsborough, Earl of; 

Campden, Vise. ; Noel. 

18.8 Congleton, Baron 

19.8 Vivian, Baron 
Premier, Sir It. Peel. 

(Sept. 6, 1841 to July 6, 1846.) 
27.Q Hill, Vise. 



Conal, Baron 

23.4 Gough, Baron 
2.5 Hardinge, Vise. 

6.7 Ellesmere, Earl of; 

Brackley, Vise. 
Premier, Lord J. Bussell. 
(July 6, 1846 to Feb. 27, 1852.) 

18.9 Strafford, Earl of; 

Enfield, Vise. 
,, Acheson, Baron 
20.9 Dartrey, Baron 

12.5 Eddisbury, Baron 

10.7 SBellew, Baron 


15.6 Gouon, Vise. 
13. 11 * Elgin, Baron 


22.1 Clandeboye, Baron 

4.3 Londesborough, Baron 
11. 6 Cottenham, Earl of; 

Crowhurst, Vise. 

5.4 De Freyne, Baron 
Premier, Earl of Derby. 
(Feb. 27 to Dec. 28 1852.) 


1.3 St. Leonards, Baron 

20.10 Baglan, Baron 
Premier, Earl of Aberdeen. 

(Dec. 28, 1852 to Feb. 10, 1855.) 
(No creation made.) 

Premier, Vise. Palmerston. 
(Feb. io, 1855 to Feb. 25, 1858.) 

26.2 Aveland, Baro?i 

12.3 *Kenmare, Baron 

29.8 Belper, Baron 

10.9 '{Fermoy, Baron 

19.11 *Talbot de Malaiiide, 



1 1.4 Cowley, Earl; Dangan, 


ic.9 Ebury, Baron 
1. 10 Skene, Baron 

15. 1 Chesiiam, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 
(Feb. 25, 1858 to June 18, 1859.) 
1.3 Chelmsford, Baron 

2.8 Ciiurston, Baron 


14.4 Leconfield, Baron 

16.4 Tredegar, Baron 

15.5 Egei ton of Tatton, Baron 

23.6 * Winton, Earl of 

Premier, Vise. Palmerston. 
(June 18, 1859 to Nov. 6, 1865.) 
2b'. 6 Lyveden, Baron 

17.2 Dudley, Earl of; Ednam, 


22.3 Brougham & Vaux, Baron 

1.9 * Kinnaird, Baron 


15.1 Herbert of Lea, Baron 

27.6 Westbury, Baron 

30.7 Russell, Earl; Amberley, 

5.8 Fitz hardinge, Baron 

21.10 Cromartie, Earl of; 

Tarbat, Vise. ; Castle- 
haven & MacLeod, 


19.8 Annaly, Baron 
20.8 Houghton, Baron 

14.12 \ Athlumney, Baron 


27.4 Euckhurst, Baron 

Premier, Earl Bussell. 
(Nov. 6, 1865 to July 6, 1866.) 

Historic Peerage, 



3>t Eomilly, Baron 
4.1 Northbrook, Baron 
21.2 Halifax, Vise-. 

3.5 Meredyth, Baron 

1.6 KlMBERLEY, 2?ar,' 0/ 

12.6 Kenry, Baron 
T2.7 Darteey, Earl of 

„ *Monck, Baron 

Premier, Earl op Derby. 
CJuly 6, i856 to Feb. 27, iS53.) 

13.7 Hartismere, Bdrbn 
T4.7 Lytton, Baron 

19.7 Hylton, Baron 

3.3 Penrhyn, Baron 

31.8 Brancepeth, Barcn 


27.2 Cairns, J9aro« 
Premier, Ben.t. Disrari/t. 

(Feb. 27 to Dec. g, ib6J.) 

14.4 Kesteven, Baron 
16.4 Ormathwaite, Baron 
T8.4 O'Neill, .Baron 

6.7 Bridport, Vise. 

17.7 Napier of Magdala, 

25.7 Feversham, 7?arZ of; 

Helmsley, Vise. 

10.8 ? Abercorn, Duke of; 

Hamilton, Marq. of 
8.12 * GoRMANSTON, Baron 
21.12 SEathdonnell, Baron 
Premier, W. E. Gladstone. 
(Dee. 9, 1868 to Feb. 21, 1874.) 

4.4 Lawrence, Baron 
29.6 Dunning, Baron 

7.12 Balinhard, Baron 
8.12 Hare, Baron 
9.12 Howard of Glosrop, 

10.12 Castletown, Baron 
11. 12 Acton, Baron 
13.12 Bobartes, Barcn 
14.12 V/olverton, 5wo« 
15.12 Grevillk, Baron 

3.5 Kildare, ^arow 
14.6 O'Hagan, Baron 


28.3 Sandhurst, Baron 

23.6 RiPON, jVara. of 

13. 11 Dufferin, Earl of ; Clande- 
boye, Vise. 

16.7 Ettrick, Baron 
23.10 Selbome, -Baron 


25.3 Breadalbane, Baron 
28.3 Portman, Vise. 
9.4 *Somerton, -Baron 

23.8 Aberdare, Baron 


9. 1 Moncreiff, Baron 
10.1 Coleridge, Baron 

12. 1 Emly, Baron 

27.2 W estminster, Z>k7«; r/ 
2.3 Cottesloe, Baron 

Premier, B. Disraeli (Earl 
of Beaconsfield). 
(Feb. 21, 1874 to Apr. 28, 1S80.) 
6.3 Hampton, Baron 

1874— cont. 

54.5 Conn aught & Strath-* 

earn, Duke of; Sussex,' 
Earl of 


1 1. 6 Douglas (of Douglas), 


12.6 Ramsay (of Glenmark) , 



13. 1 Gordon (Richmond & G.), 
Duke of; Kinrara, Earl 
„ of 

,, Fermanagh, Baron 
14. 1 Abergavenny, Marq. of; 
Lewes, Earl of 
Harlech, Baron 

15. 1 "WlIARNCLIFFE, Earl rf ; 

Carlton, Vise. 
,, Alington, Baron 
17. 1 Tollemache, Baron 
1 S.i Gerard, Baron 
10.6 Northbrook, Earl cf ; 

Baring, Vise. 
2.10 Sackville, Baron 

16.4 Norton, Baron 
4.5 Cranbrook, F/sc. 

27.9 Cairns, Earl ; Garnioyie, 



15.4 Suute, Baron 

23.4 Bolsover, Baron 

28.4 Lytton, £arZ of; Kneb- 

worth, Vise. 
29.4 Haldon, Baron 

30.4 "Wimborne, ^aron 

I. 5 Ardilaun, Baron 
3.5 Lathom, Earl of 

,, Lamington, Baron 
4.5 Sondes, Earl; Tlirowley, 

,, Donington, Baron 
5.5 Trevor, Baron 

Premier, "W. E. Gladstone. 
(Apr. 28, 1880 to June 24, 1S85.) 

26.5 Brabourne, Barcn 


1 1. 3 Ampthill, Baron 

24.5 Albany, Duke of; 

Clarence, Earl of; 

Arklow, Baron 
6.10 *Tweeddale, Baron 
7.10 * Ho wth, Baron 

8.10 *Beay, Baron 

10.10 Derwent, Baron 

II. 10 Eothfield, Baron 
12.10 Tweedmouth, Baron 


25. t 1 "Wolseley, Baron 
30.12 Selborne, 2?arZ of; 
Wolraer, Vise. 

24.1 Tennyson, Baron 
4.3 Hampden, Fisc. 

17.6 Strathspey, Baron 

4. 11 Monk Brettos, Baron 
5. 11 Northbourne, jBarora 
7. 11 Sudley, Baron (E. of 


26.6 Halsbury, Baron (S.) 

i83g— cont. 
2J.6 *PowerscouRt, Baron 
28,6 NoRTniNGTON, Baron 
29.6 Rothschild, Baron 

30.6 Revelstoke, Baron 

(8., cr. by Salisbury.) 
Premier, Maeq. cf Salisbury. 
(June 24, 1885 to Feb. 6, i835.) 
1.7 Monkswell, Baron (G.) 
3,7 Iddesleigh, Earl of; St. 

Cyres, Vise. 
4.7 Ashbourne, 7?a/-ora 
6.7 St. Oswald, Baron 

1 1. 7 Breadalbane, Marq. of; 

Ormelie, Earl of (G.) 
13.7 *Fife, ^arZ o/(G.) 

24.7 Esher, Baron_ 

25.9 Wolseley, Vise. 

1 8. 1 1 Deramore, Baron 

29.12 Montagu of Beaulieu, 


30.12 *Elphinstone, Baron 
31.12 * Colville of Cuiross, Baron 
(G., cr. bv Gladstone.) 

S.2 Hersciiell, Baron (G.) 
15.2 Hillingdon, Baron 
16.2 Hindlip, Baron 

17.2 Grimthorpe, Baron 
Premier, W. E. Gladstone. 

(Feb. 6 to Aug. 3, i8S5.) 

22.3 Stalbridge, Baron 
23.3 * Kensington, Baron 

13.8 Burton, Baron, lit cr. 
14.8 Hamilton of Dalzell, 

16.8 Brassey, .Barorc 
Premier, Marq. of Salisbury. 
(Aug. 3, 1886 to Aug. 18, 1892 ) 
19.8 Cross, Vise. 
27.8 Stanley of Preston, Baron 

25.1 Macnagiiten, Baron (life) 
1.7 LondesborOugh, Earl oj ; 

Rainclilfe, Vise. 
,, Bowes, Baron 
4.7 Monckton, Baron 
,, St. Levan, Baron 
5.7 Magiieramorne, Barcn 
7.7 Basing, Baron 
8.7 De Ramsey, Baron 
9.7 Cheylesmore, Barcn 
22.7 Ad dington, £aron 

23.2 Knutsford, Baron 

27.10 Savile, Baron 

17. 1 1 Dufferin & Ava, J/ara. 

o/; Ava, Earl of 

29.7 Fife, Duke 0/; Macduff, 
Marq. of 

19. 1 Iveagb, Baron 

23.6 Mount Stephen, Baron 

15.7 Masham, Baron 

14.8 Macdonald of Earns- 

cliffe, Bnss. 
10. 1 1 Hambleden, Vctss. 

20.2 Roberts of Kandahar, 

7.4 * Argyll, Z>w&e of 

4 8 


189a— conti 
124.5 York, Duke of;. Inverness, 
Earl of; Killarney, 
20.6 Cromer, Baron 
22.8 Zetland, Marq. of ; 

Ronaldshay, Earl oj 
„ CraNBroOk, Earl of; 

MedWay, Baron 
,, Anoaster, Earl of 
„ Ashcombe, Baron 
24.8 Blythswood, Baron 
25.8 CrAWshaw, Baron 
26.3 Amherst of HIckney, 

27.8 Newton, Baron 
29.8 Dunleath, Baron 
30.8 Llano attock, Bdron 

Premier, W. E. Gladstone. 
(Aug. 18, 1892 to March 3, 1894.) 
3.9 Playfair, Baron 

9.6 Swansea, Baron 
22.6 Farrer, Baron 

24.6 Hawkesbury, Baron 
21.8 Stanmore, Baron 


30.3 Rendel, Baron 

16.4 Welby, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Rose serf. 
(March 3, 1894 to July 2, 1895.) 


9.5 Peel, Vise. 

16.7 Carrington, Earl; Wen- 

dover, Vise. 
18.7 Loch, Baron 
19.7 Crewe, Earl 0/ 
,, Wandsworth, Baron 

25.7 Ashton, Baron 

3.8 Burghcleue, Baron 

Premier, Marq. of Salisbury. 
(July 2, 1895 to July 13, 1902.) 
3.8 Knutsford, Visct. 
5.8 Llandaff, Vise. 
,, J ahes of Here ford, Baron 
14. 1 1 Rathmore, Baron 
16.11 Glenesk, Baron 

3 1. 1 Aldenham, Baron 

8.6 Heneage, Baron 

17.6 Roos of Bel voir, Baron 

11. 8 Rosmead, Baron 


5.2 Kinnear, Baron 
6.2 Lister, Baron 

22.7 Egerton OFTATroN^aW; 

Salford, Vise. 
23.7 Fairlie, Baron 
24.7 Dawnay, Baron 
26.7 Ludlow, Baron 
27.7 HolmPatrick, Baron 

28.7 Inverclyde, Baron 

23.8 Strathcona & Mount 

Royal, Baron (orig.) 

^97— conh 
11. 11 Esher, Fisc. 
29.11 Burton, Baron (new pat.) 

17. 1 HalsburY, Earl of ; 

Tiverton, Vise. 
I9ii Newlands, Baron 
feo.i Farquhar, Baron 
11. 6 *Munc aster, Baron 
1. 11 Kitchener of Khartoum, 


n. 11 JCurzon ofKedleston, 


25.1 Cromer, Fisc. 
26.1 Glanusk, Baron 
28. 1 Cranworth, Baron 
2.8 Dorchester, ifoss. 
(new cr.) 

14.11 Robertson, Baron (life) 


20.1 Northcote, Baron 

22.1 Avebury, Baron 

24.4 Fife, Duke of (new pat.) ; 

Macduff, i?a?-Z 0/ 

10.5 Lindley, Baron (life) 

15.6 Killanin, Baron 
16.6 O'Brien, Baron 
18.6 Alverstone, Baron 

26.6 Strathcona & Mount 

Royal, Baron (newpat.) 

17.12 Goschen, Vise. 

„ Ridley, Vise.; Wensley- 
dale, Baron 

11. 2 Roberts, Earl; St. Pierre, 


Edward VII., 1901. 

27.5 Milner, Baron 
8.8 Cromer, Earl of; Erring- 
ton, Vise. 
9. 11 "Wales, Princeof; Cheater, 
Earl of 


11. 7 Kitchener of Khartoum, 




14.7 Churchill, Vise. 
15.7 Milner, Vise. 

,, Kinross, Baron 
16.7 Shuttle worth, Baron 
17.7 Allerton, Baron 
18.7 Barrymore, Baron 
19.7 Grenfell, Baron 
21.7 Knoll ys, Baron 
22.7 Redesdale, Baron 
27.10 Linlithgow, Marq. oj 

Premier, A. J. Balfour. 
(July 12, 1902 to Dec. 5, 1905.) 

31.7 Burnham, Baron 
1.8 Biddulph, Baron 

1903— cont. 
3.8 Estcourt, Baron 
4,8 Ahmstrong, Baron 

9.3 Dustedin, Baron 
6.7 SSlby, Vise, 
18.12 Plymouth, Earl of ; 
Windsor, Vise. 
Iveagh, Fisc. 
,, Leith of Fyvie, Ba *r-n 
13.12 Althorp, Vise. (C.-B.) 
2nd cr. 

19.12 Atkinson, Baron (life) 
20.12 Sanderson, Baron 
22.12 Liverpool, Earl of; 

Hawkesbury, Vise. 


, , Ritchie of Dundee, Baron 
23.12 Waleran, Baron 
26.12 Knaresborough, Baron 
27.12 Northcliffe, Baron 
28.12 Tredegar, Vise. 

,, Michelham, Baron 
29.12 Faber, Baron 
30.12 Desborough, Baron 

6.1 St. Aldwyn, Vise. 

Premier, Sir H. Campbell- 
(Dec. 5, 1905 to Apr. 6, 1908 : 
obs. 2 crs. above marked C.-B.) 

8.1 Lobeburn, Baron 

9.1 Fitzmaurice, Baron 
10. 1 Weardale, Baron 

1 1. 1 Haversham, Baron 

12. 1 Hemphill, Baron 

13. 1 Joicey, Baron 

16. 1 Nunburniiolme, Baron 

1.2 Winterstoke, Baron 

20.2 Colebrooice, Baron 
14.7 Courtney of Penwith, 

16.7 Eversley, Baron 
17.7 Pirkie, Baron 
18.7 Glantawe, Baron 
19.7 Armitstead, Baron 
20.7 Allendale, Baron 

6.3 Collins, Baron (life) 
17.7 Airedale, Baron 
18.7 Swaythling, Baron 
19.7 Blyth, Baron 

20.7 Peckover, Baron 

(Dates of Nomination.) 

Premier, Herbert H. Asquith. 

(From Apr. 6, 1908.) 
5.5 Morley of Blackburn, 

,, Wolverhampton, Fisc. 
22.5 Lochee, Baron 

7.7 MacDonnell, Baron 
„ Marchamley, .Baron 
,, St. Davids, Baron 

7.8 Holden, 2?a?wt 

Peerages Extinct. 




*** The mark t denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish; * or unmarked, Imperial: ab., abeyant; dm., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Life Baronies see under " Life Peers.'' 
—Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind 
advice of Mr. Cokayne, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing idea that the name is 
Guelph lie dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Christian name of a mediaeval Duke of Bavaria 
whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of Este, and it is from that couple that the Hanoverian line is 
descended. Hence B'Este (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his children) comes nearer to a correct name 
than the above, whilst Guelph d'JSste has been supplied us by another authority. But neither of these names 
can hold good any later than die marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and descended 
from the ancient Counts of Wettin, which lias changed the present line to that of "Saxony " or " Saxe-Coburg," 
and presumably made Wettin its surname if it possesses one at all— both that word and D Este being really local 

To save overcrowding, we have removed from the list the following titles every one of which is simply a different 
degree of another, of the same designation and house, which still exists : Auckland Eldm. ; Bantry Eldm. ; 
Castlemaine Vcty. ; Charlemont Eldm. ; De VESCi*Bny. ; Digby Eldm. ; Drogeeda Mqte. ; Ellenborough Eldm. ; 
Falmouth Eldm. ; Farnuam Eldm. : Fifs Bny. ; Hill Bny. ; Kingston Bay. ; Lauderdale Bny. ; Mountnoiuus 
Eldm. ; O'Neill §Vcty. & *Eldm. ; Ravenswortu Eldm. ; St. Vincent Eldm. ; Somers Eldm. ; Westmeath Mqte. 

Airey Bny. {Airey), 1876-81. 

Alcestek Bny. (Seymour), 1882-95. 

SAldborough Eldm. {Stratford), 1777-1875. 

Alvanley Bny. (Arden), 1801-57. [vived 1903.] 

Armstrong Bny. (Armstrong), 1887-1900. [Ke- 


Barrogill Bny. (Sinclair), i865-3a. 

Basset Bny. (Basset), 1797-1855. 

Battersea Bny. (Flower), 1892-1907. 

Bayning Bny. "(Powlett), 1797-1866. 

Beaconsfield (pron. Beek-; the village, Beck-) 
Eldm. (Disraeli, pron. Dizrayly), 1870-81. 
(Pronunciations given by Mr. C. Disraeli). 

Beaconsfield Vcty. (Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 

Beauvale Bny. (Lamb), 1839-53. 

Beresford Vcty. (Beresford), 1823-54. 

BEXLEYBny. (Vansittart), 1823-51. 

Blaohford Bny. (Sogers), 1871-89. 
+Blantyre Bny. (Stuart), 1606-1900. 
?Blayney Bny. (Blayney), 1621-1S74 (dm.). 

Bloomfield Bny. (Bloomfield), 3 1825 (*i&7i) -79. 

Bourciiier Bny. ( Townshend), 1342-1855 (dm.) 

Brampton' Bny. (Hawkins), 1899-1907. 

Bramwell Bny. (Bramwell), 1882-92. 

Bread alb ane Mqte., 1st cr. (Campbell), 1831-G2. 

Brougkton Bny. (Hobhouse), 1851-69. 

Buckingham and Chandos I)kdm. (Teviv-lc-N.- 
B.-C.-GrenvUle), 1822-83. 

Burdett-Coutts Bny. (B.-Coutts), 1871-1906. 
SCahee Bny. (Butler), 1583-1858 (dm.). 

Cambridge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 
Culloden Bny. (Boy. Fam.), 1801-190.1. 

Canning Eldm. (Canning), 1859 (Vcty. 1828) -62. 

Cardwell Vcty. (Cardwell), 1874-86. 

Carlingford Bny. (Parkin son- Fortescue), 1874-98. 

Charleville Eldm. (Bury), 1806-75. 

Chatham Eldm. (Pitt), 1766-1833. 

Clanbrassil Bny. (Jocelyn), 1821-97. [-1864. 

Clare £Eldm. (Fitz Gibbon), 1795 (*Bny. 1799) 

Clarence and Avondale Dkdm. (Rov. Fam.), 

Clarence and St. Andrews Dkdm.. and §5Iuk- 

ster Eldm. (Boy. Earn.), 1789-1837. 
?Clermont Eldm. (Fortescue), 1778-1829: *iinv. 

3 Do. Bny. (Parkinson- Fortescue), 1852-98. 

Cleveland Dkdm. (Powlett), 1833-91. 

Clyde Bny. (Campbell), 1858-63. 

Colboene Bny. (Eidley-Colborne), 1830-54. 

Colons ay Bny. (M'Neill), 1867-74. 

CoMPTONBny. (Townshend), i~72-i8v, (ah.). 

Coxnekara Bny. (Bourke), 1887-1902". 

CosNWALLisEldm., 1753-1852. 

Cowper Eldm. (Cowper), 1718-1905 (Lucas and 

•t Dingwall Bnies. remain). 
tCranstoun Bny. (Cranstoun), 1600-1860. 

Cranwortii Bny., older cr. (Bolfe), 1850-68. 

Crewe Bny. (Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 
Eldm. 1895.] 

Currie Buy. (Carrie), 1899-1906. 

Dalling and Bulwkr Bny. (Bulwer), 1871-2. 

De Ereyne Bny. older cr. (French), 1833-56. 

DeMontalt Eldm. (Maude), 1886-1905 QHawar- 
den Vcty. remains) . 

De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826-95. 

Dinorben Bny. (Hughes), 1831-52. 

Dorchester Bny. oider cr. (Cdrleton), 1786-1897. 

Dorset Dkdm. (Sackville), 1720-1843. 

Douglas of Douglas Bny. (Douglas), 17<30-i857. 

Dover Bny. (Agar-EUis), 1831-99. [Clifden.] 
?Downes Buy. (Burgh), 1S22-64. 
\ Do. Do. (De Burgh), 1822-63. 
tDuFFUS Bny. (Sutherland- Dunbar), 1650-1876 
(under attainder 1715-1820). 

Dunfermline Bny. (Abercomby), 1839-68. 
5 Dungannon Vcty. (Hill-Trevor), 1765-1S62. 

Edinburgh Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1000. 

Elphinstone Bny. (ElpKnstone) , 1859-60. [Re- 
vived 1885 ; tBny. remains.] 

Ennic-howen and Cabrickfergus Bny. 
(Chichester) 1841-83. TDonegalLJ 

Eveesley Vcty. (Shaw-Lefevre), 1857-88. [Re- 
vived as Bny. 1906.] 
Faenborough Bny. (May), 1886 only. 
Feeeees of Chaetley Bny. (Townshend), 1233- 

1855 {dm.). 
Field Bny. (Field), 1890-1907. 
FitzGerald and VeseyBuv. ( Ycsey-FitzGerald), 

SFitzGerald i825-6o, *Vesey 1835-43. 
FiTznARDiNGE Eldm. (Berkeley), 1841-57. [An 

offshoot from Berkeley Eldm.] 
Fitz Walter Bny. (Bridges), 1868-75. 
Gardner Bny. (Gardner), 1806 (?i8oo)-83 (dm.). I 
Glenelg Bny. ( Grant), 1835-66. 
SGlengall Eldm. (Butler), 1816-58. 
Gloucester and Edinburgh Dkdm. and SCon- j 
naught Eldm. (Roy. Earn.), 1704-1834. j 
Grey de Radcliffe Bny. (Egerton), 1S75-85. 
Haliburton Bny. (Haliburton), 1898-1007. 
Hamilton Bny. (Hamilton), 1831 -58. [Belhaven/ 
Hammond Bny. (Hammond), 1874-90. 
Hanmee Bny.' (Hanmer), 1872-81. 
Harborough Eldm. (Sherard), 1719-1859. 
Hastings Mqte. (Rawdon-Hasli?<»s), 1816-68. 
Hatherley Bny. (Page- Wood), i853-8i. 
* Heuries Boy. (Constable-Maxwell), 1834-150' 

(Scottish Bny. remains) . 
Hobhouse Bny. (Hobhouse), 1885-1904. 
Holland Bny. (Fox), 1763-1859. 
Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hood), 1892-1901. 
Howden Bny. (Caradoc), 183) (§i8ig)~73, 
Hunsdon Bny. (Cary), 1830=84. 




Inverness Dkdm. ( Underwood), 1840-73. 
Keane Bny. (Keane), 1839-1901. 
Keith Vcty. {Elphinstone), 1814-23 ; \ Bny. 

. 1797- 

Kelhead Bny. {Douglas), 1893-4. 
Kelvin Bny. (Thomson), 1892-1907. 
Kent and Strathearn Dkdm. and 5 Dublin 

Eldm. (Roy. Fam), 1799-1820. 
Kingsdown Bny. (Leigh), 1858-67. 
Kingston Bny. (King), 1821-69. 
Knightley Bny. (Knightley), 1892-5. 
Lanerton Bny. (Howard), 1873-80. 
Langdale Bny. (Bicker steth), 1836-51. 
Leicester Eldm., one of the older creations 

(Townshend), 1784-1855. 
Leighton Bny. (Leighton), 1896 only. 
Lingen Bny. (Lingen), 1885-1905. 
Lisgar Bny. ( Young), 1870-6. 
SLismore Vtcy. ( <9' Callagahn) , l8o6(*Bny. 1838) -98. 
Liverpool ~Eldm..(Jenkinsoii), 1796-1851. [Revived 

Llanover Bny. (Hall), 1859-67. 
Ltndhurst Bny. (Copley), 1827-63. 
Lyons Vcty. (Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i856)-87. 
Macaulay Bny. (Macaulay), 1857-9. [1902. 
Malcolm of Poltalloch Bny. (Malcolm), 1896- 
Marjoribanks Bny. (Robertson), 1873 only. 
i Maryborough Bny. ( Pole - T.-L.- Wellesley), 

MAYNARDVcty.(jJ/a^w<w<f), l766(?Bny. i620)-i865. 
I Melbourne Vcty. (Lamb), 1781 (*Bny. i8i5)-i853. 
+Melfort Eldm. (Drummond), 1686-1002 (dm.). 

Melrose Bny. (Hamilton), 1827-58. 

Milford Bny. (PhiVpps) ; 2nd cr. 1847-57. 
\ Milltown Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-1891 (dm.). 

Montford Bny. (Bromley), 1741-1851. 
♦Moore, Bny. (Moore), 1801-1902. [Drogheda.] 

Mount Temple Bny. (Cowper- Temple), 1880-8. 
JNetterville Vcty. (Netterville), 1622-1882. 

Northwick Bny. (Rushout), 1797-1887. 

Ongley Bny. (Henley- Ongley), 1776-1877. 
(SOssington Vcty. (Denison), 1872-3. 

Overstone Bny. (Loyd), 1850-83. 

Overtoun Bny. ( White), 1893-1908. 

Oxenbridge Vcty. (dfonson), 1886-98. 

Oxford Eldm. (Harley), 1711-1853. 
§Palmerston Vcty. ( Temple), 1722-1865. 

Panmure Bny. (Maule-Ramsay), 1831-74. 

Pauncefote Bny. (Pauncefot'e) , 1893-1902. 

Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 

Pirbrigiit Bny. (Be Worms), 1895-1903. 

Pomfret Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 

PoNSONBY(oflmoMlly) Bny. (Poneonby), 1806-66. 

Prudhoe Bny. (Percy), 1816-65. 
\ Ranelagii Vcty. (Jones), 1628-1885. 

Redesdale Eldm. (Freeman- Mitford), 1877 (Bny. 
1802) -86. [Revived 1902.] 

Rivers Bny. (Pitt-Rivers), 1802-80. 
\ Riversdale Bny. (Tonson), 1783-1861. 
§Rokeby Bny. (Montagu-Robinson), 1777-1883. 

Rookwood Bny. (Selwin-Ibbetson), 1892-1902. 

Ross Bny. (Boyle), 1815-90. 

Rossie Bny. (Kinnaird), 1831-78. 

Rowton Bny. (Lowry-Corry), 1880-1903. 

St. Helier Bny. (Jcune), 1905 (3 mos.). 

St. Maur Eldm. (St. Maur), 1863-85. 

Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1891-3. 
■f Selkirk Eldm. (Douglas), 1646- 1885 (dm.) 

Shand Bny. (Shand) 1892-1904. 

Sherbrooke Vcty. (Lowe), 1880-92. 
+Somerville Bny. (Somerville), 1430-1870 (dm.). 
SStrangford Vcty. (Smythe), 1628 (*Penshurst 
Bny. 1825) -1869. [80. 

Stratford de Redcliffe Vcty. (Canning), 1852- 

Strathnairn Bny. (Rose), 1866-85. 

Strathspey Bny. (Ogilvie- Grant), 1858-84. 

Stuart de DEOissBny. (Villiers- Stuart), 1839-74 

Sussex Dkdm. and Inverness Eldm. (Roy. 
Fam.), 1801-34. 

Sydney Eldm. (Townshend), 1874 (Bny. 1783) -90. 

Taunton Bny. (Labouchere) , 1859-69. 
JThomond Mqte. (O'Brien), 1800 (*Bny. i8oi)-55. 

Thring Bny. (Thring), 1886-1907. 
+Traquair Eldm. (Stuart), 1683-1861 (dm.). 

Truro Bny. ( JVilde), 1850-99. 
?Tyrconnell Eldm. (Carpenter), 1761-1853. 

"Wantage Bny. (Loyd-Lindsay), 1885-1901. 

Warrington Eldm. (Grey), 1769-1883. 

"Waveney Bny. (Adair), 1873-86. 

Wenman Bny. ( Wylceham), 1834-70. 

Wensleydale Bny. (Parke), 1856-68. [Revived 

Winmarleigh Bny. (Wilson- Pattev), 1874-92. 

York and Albany Dkdm. and § Ulster Eldm. 
(Roy. Fam.), 1784-1827. [York revived 1892, 
Albany 1881, *Ulster 1866-1900.] 


This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its 
proceedings, however, are not published, and, except in the rare instances of a general 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an honourable sinecure. A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign's will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. Tbe number, 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are some 280 in 
the Council of Great Britain and 70 in that of Ireland (but some 20 of these are members 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of " Pvt. 
Hon." The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined 
as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates in Council, to propose 
matters from the Sovereign," and report the issue. The Sovereign with its advice 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but 

The Privy Council. 


only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments in the law. The 
former judicial functions of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the 
Colonial Judges have been recently added to this Committee. 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ireland, though Scotland is content to 
participate in the larger one, the former being concerned (and that nominally) with Irish 
affairs alone. The members of both Councils range down from the first Prince of the 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of " Right 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their 
position as Councillors except by the added letters " P. C.;" and " Right Honourable" 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of " Most Honourable " or "His Grace." 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged in accordance 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to familiarise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members, Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England, then two of Scotland (Buccleuch and Argyll, 
whose older titles are Scottish), next three of Great Britain (Portland, Manchester, and 
Northumberland), and then one of the United Kingdom (Fife). The Marquesses follow 
(the first is Scottish). Next come the Earls, headed by a Household official, and 
followed by younger sons of Dukes ; next the Viscounts, headed like Earls and followed 
by an Earl's eldest son ; one Marquess's younger son; the Bishop of London [ex officio, 
as are the Archbishops) ; the Barons ; the Speaker ; Secretaries of State not Peers ; 
Earls' younger sons ; and now the Table reaches the grade of the Privy Council itself, 
from which point all distinctions are disregarded — Baronets, Knights, and Viscounts' 
and Barons' younger sons — and we proceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while 
recognising the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for 
practical use a list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of entry 
the member belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an / denotes that of Ireland ; 
and G. B. & I. marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official 
list the members are termed Privy Counsellors, which is correct in view of the wise 
counsel they are supposed to give ; but they are equally Councilors as being members of 
a Council. The Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 

Lord President of the Council, Viscount Wolverhampton. 
President of Irish Council, H.E. The Lord Lieutenant, Earl of Aberdeen, G.M.P, 


Abercora, Duke of, k.o I. 1837 

Aburdeen, Earl of, g.c.m.g. 

G.B. i836; I. 1905 

Acland, Arthur H. Dyke 1892 

Airedale, Lord 1906 

Allendale, Lord 19&7 

Allerton, Lord G.B. 1890 ; 1. 1891 

Althorp, Vise 1892 

Alverstone, Lord, g.c.m.g 1900 

Ancaster, Earl of 1880 

Andrews, Thomas I. 1903 

! Andrews, William D I. 1897 

Argyll, Duke of, k.t 1875 

Ashbourne, Lord ..I. 1877; G.B. 1885 

Ashcombe, Lord i83o 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., k.c 1S92 

Atkinson, Lord 1. 1892 

Avebury, Lord 1890 

Balfour, Arthur J., G. B. 1885 ; I. 1887 
Balfour, Gerald W., I.1895 ; G.B. 1900 
Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, k.t. . 1892 

Barnes, Sir Jno. Gorell 1905 

Barrymore, Lord I. 1896 

Barton, Hon. Sir Edmund, k.c, 

G-CM.G 1901 

Beauchamp, Earl, k.c.m.g 1906 

Belmore, Eail of I. 1867 

! Belper, Lord 1395 

I Bertie, Hon. Sir Eras. L., k.c.b. 1903 

I Bixrell, Augustine, k.c 

i G.B. 190s; I. 1907 

Blennerhassett, Sir Rowld.,Bt. I. 190 
Bond, Hon. Sir Robt., . . 1902 

Bonser, Sir Jno. W 1901 

Booth, Charles 1904 

Botha, Gen. Hon. Louis 1907 

Brackenbury.Gen.Sir Hy.,o.c.B. 1504 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g iC3o 

Brownlow, Earl 1887 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford. . . , 1504 

Bruen, Henry I. i83o 

Brunner, Sir Jno. T., Bt 1906 

Bryce, James, o.m. G.B. 1892; I. 1906 
Buccleuch, Duke of, k.g., k.t. .. 1901 

Buchanan, Thos. R 1908 

Buckley, Sir Henry B 1906 

Burghclere, Lord 1892 

Burns, Jno 1905 

Burt, Thos 1905 

Buxton, Sydney Chas 1905 

Cadogan, Earl, k.g 1883 

Campbell, Jas. H. Mussen — I. 1903 

Canterbury, Archbp. of 1903 

Carlisle, Alexander M I. 1907 

Carrington, Earl, c.c.m.g i33i 

Carson, Sir Edwd. II., k.c. 

I. 1396; G.B. 1903 
Cartwright, Sir Fairfax L., 

K.CM.G tgoS 

Cartwright, Sir Richard J., 

G.C.M.G 1902 

Cassel, Sir Ernest, g.c.m.g 1902 

Castletown, Lord, k.p. 

Causfcon, RicJid. K 

Cawdor, Earl 

Chamberlain, Joseph 

Chamberlain, J. Austen 

Chaplin, Henry 

Charles, Sir Arthur 

Chatterton, Hedges E I. 

Cherry, Richd. Robt., k.c I. 

Chesterfield, Earl of 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 

Christian, H.R.H. Prince, k.g. 
Churchill (Spencer-), Winston L. 

Clarendon, Earl of, g.cb 

Clarke, Sir Edwd. Geo., k.c 

Clonbrock, Lord, k.p I. 

Cohen, Arthur, k.c 

Coll, Sir Pptrick, k.cb I. 

Collings, Jesse 

Collins, Lord 

Colomb, Sir James, k.c.m.g. ..I. 
Connaught, H.R.H. Duke of 
G.B. 1871; I. 
Cork & Orrery, Earl of, k.p. 

Courtney of Penwith, Lord 

Coventry, Earl of 

Crewe, Earl of, k.g 

Cromer, Earl of, g.cb., o.m 

Cross, Vise, g.cb 

Crossley, Sir Savile B., Bt 

i38 S 


18 5g 
1874 i 
1933 I 



Curzon of Kedleston, Lord . . . 

Dalrymple, Sir Chas., Bt 

Darley, Sir F. M., g.c.m.g 

Dartmouth, Earl of 

De Bunsen, Sir Maurice W. E. . . 

Denman, Lord 

Derby, Earl of, k. c.v.o 

De Villicrs.Hon.Sir John Henry, 


Devonshire, Duke of 

Dickson, Chas. Scctt, k.c 

Di.kson, Thos. A I. 

Dilke, Sir Chas. W., Bt 

Dimsdale, Sir Jos.C, Bt.,K.c.v.o. 

Dorington, Sir Jno., Bt 

Douglas (Akers-), Aretas 

Ducie, Earl of 

Dudley, Earl of, g.c.m.g 

Dunedin, Lord 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, Earl 

of, k.p L 

Dvke, Sir William Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880 ; I. 

Ecigc, Sir John, r.c 

Ed wards, Lt.-Col. Sir Fleetwood 

I-ham, o.c.v.o 

E ,-yrton, Sir Edw in Hy., g.c.m.g. 
Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, k.g. 

Ellis, Jno. E 

E-nmott, Alfred 

Erne, Earl of. K.r 

Eversley. Lord 

Fane. (Ponsonby-), H^n. Sir 

Spencer C. B., g.c.b 

Farquhar, Lord 

• srquharson, Robt., m.p 

Farwell, Sir George 

Followes, Hon. Ailwyn Edwd .. 

Fife, Duke of, k.t 

Fingall, Earl of I. 

Finlay, Sir F.obt. B., g.o.m.g., 

FitzGibbon, Gerald. . 1. 1879; G.B. 

rDzmaurice, Lord 

FHzpatrick, Hon. Sir Chas., 


Fletcher (Aubrey-), Sir Henry, 

Bfc., c.b 

Foljambe, Fras. J. Savile 

Forrest, Hon. Sir John, g.c.m.g. 

Forster (Arnold-), Hugh 

Foster, Sir B. Walter 

Fry, Sir Edward, a.c.n 

Fry, Lewis 

Gaskell, Chat. G. Milncs 

George (Lloyd-), David 

Gibson, John G I. 

Gladstone, Herbert J 

Gcldie, Sit George D.T., k.c.m.g. 

(iorst. Sir John E., k.c 

Goschen, Sir V. r m. Edwd., 

Granard, Earl of 

Grenfell, Lord, g.c.b 

Grey, Earl, g.c.m.g 

Grey, Sir Edwd., Bt 

Griffith, Hon. Sir Samuel W., 

Gurdon, Sir Wm. B., k c. m .0. . . 

Raldane, Richd. B., k.c 

•lalsbury. Earl of 

IJ.ulsey, Thos. Fredk 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 

Hwcourt, Lewis 

Hardingo, Hon. Sir Chas. H. 












Hardy (Cozen3 ), Sir Herb. II... 1901 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 1900 

Harersham, Lord 1894 

Hay (Dalrymple-), Adrn. Sir 

Jno. C, Bt., g.c.b 1874 

Heneage, Lord 1S86 

Hertford, Marq. of, c.b 1879 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 1885 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Hon. Sir Albt. 

H., K.C.M.G 1902 

Hobliouse, Henry 1903 

Hogg, Jonathan I. 1902 

Holmes, Hugh I. 1885 

Hood (F.-Acland-), Sir Alex., Bt. 1904 

Huutly, Mara,, of 

J ames of Hereford, Lord 1885 

Jameson, Hon. LeanderS., m.d. 1907 

Jersey, Earl of, g.c.b 1890 

Johnson, Wm. Moore I. i83i 

Kekewich, Sir Arthur 1906 

Kcunaway, Sir John H.,Bt. ... 1897 

Kennedy, Sir Wm. Rann 1907 

Kenny, Wm. (Justice) I. 190a 

Kenrick, William 1809 

Kintoro, Earl of, g.c.m.g i3S5 

Knox, Sir Ralph H., k.c.b 1903 

Knutsford, Vise, g.c.m.g 1885 

Labouchere, Henry 1905 

Lansdowne, Marq. of, k.g 1895 

Lasceiles, Sir Frank 0., g.c.b. . . 1894 
Laurier, Hon. Sir Wilfrid, k.c., 

g.c.m.g 1897 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 1891 

Lindley, Lord 18S1 

Lister, Lord, f.u.s 1902 

Llandaff, Vise 18S6 

Lochee, Lord, k.c 1905 

Lockwod, Lt. - Col. A. R. M.. 

c.v.o = 1905 

London, Bishop of Soi 

Londonderry, Marq. of, kg. 

G.B. 1SS6; I. 1892 
Long, Walter H... G.B. 189s; I. 1905 

Loreburn, Lord 1905 

Lough, Thomas 1308 

Lowther, Sir Gerard A., k.c.m.g. 1908 

I.owther, James Wm 1C98 

Lyall, Sir Alfred, o.c.r.E igcz 

Lyttclton, Hon. Alfred, k.c 1903 

Macartney, Wm. G. E 19C0 

MacDonald.SirClaudcM. .g.c.m.g 1906 
Maccionald, Sir John II. A., k.c.b. iSS$ 
MacDonncll, Lord, o.c.s.i. 

G.B. i;oa ; I. X903 

M'Ewan, William 1907 

M'Kouna, Reginald 1907 

M'Lavcn, Sir Chas. B. Bright, Bt. 1908 

Macnaghten, Lord 1887 

Macnaghten (Workman-), Sir P. 

E., lit I. 1905 

Madden, DodgSonH I. 1889 

Manchester, Duke of 1906 

Marcharoley, Lord 15C7 

Marlborough, Duke of 1809 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E»Bt 1897 

Mayo, Earl of I. 1900 

Moath, Earl of I. 1887 

M.;l!or, Jno. Wm., k.c .... 188S 

Meredith, Richd. E I. 1-7 

MidletQB, Vise 1897 

Ikiilner, Vise, g.c.b 1901 

I Milncr, Sir Frederick G., Bt. . . 1500 

Minto, Earl of, g.m.s.i 13&2 

Monson, Hon. Sir E. J., Bt.., 

Moor, Hon. Fredk. Robt 

Morley, Arnold 

Morley of Blackburn, Vise. 

G.B. & I. 

Moulton, Sir Jno. Fletcher .... 
Mount Edgoumbe, Earl of, 


Mowatt, Sir Fras., o.c.b 

Nicolson, Sir Arthur, Bt., g.c.b. 

Noel, Hon. Gerard J 

Norfolk, Duke of, k.g 

North, Sir Ford 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 

O'Brien, Lord I. 

Onslow, Earl of, o.c.m.g 

Ormonde, Marq. of, k.p I. 

Otway, Sir Arthur J., Bt 

Pailes, Christouher. .1. 1872; G.B. 

Palmer, Geo. W 

Parker, Chas. Stuart 

Pearson (Ld.), Sir Chas. J 

Pease, Jos. Albert 

Peel, Vise 

Pembroke & Montgomery, Earl 

of, g. c.v.o 

I'irrie, Lord, k.p I. 

Plunkett, Hon. Sir Horace C, 

S.C.V.0 1. 

Plymouth, Earl of, c.b 

Porter, Sir Andrew M., Bt I. 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M 

g.c.b., IT® 

Ranfurly, Earl of, g.c.m.g I. 

Rathmore, Lord 

Rayleigh, Lord, o.m 

Reay, Lord 

Eeid, lion. George II 

Revelstoke, Lord 

Ribblesdalc, Lord 

Ridgoway, Sir J. West, o.c.b. .. I. 

Ripon, Marq. of, k.g 

Roberts, Fd.-Mrsh. Earl, k.g., 

k.p., J7& I. 1805; G.B. 

Robertson, Lord 

Robinson, Sir Hy. Aug., k.c.b. I. 
Redd, Sir Jas. Rennell, g.c.v.o. 

Romer, Sir Robert, g.c.b 

Rosebery, Earl of, k.g., k.t 

Ross, John (Justice) I. 

Rothschild, Lord, g.ct.o 

Hound, James 

Rumbold,Sir Horace, Bt., g.c.b. 

Runciman, Walter 

Russell, Geo. W. Erskine 

I Russell, Thos. Wallace I. 

St. Aldwyn.Visc G.B. & I. 

! Salisbury, Marq. of, c.b 

j Samuel, Herb. Louis 

S&ndars, Jno. S 

Sandhurst, Lord, g.c.s.i 

Satow, Sir Era. M., g.c.m.g 

Scoblc, Sir Andrew R., k.c.s.i. 
Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, g.c.b. 

Sefton, Earl of 

Selborne, Earl of, c.c.m.g 

Selby, Vise 

Shaw, Thomas 

Shuttleworth, Lord 

Sinclair, Cant. Jno 

Sinclair, Thomas I. 

Sm th, Sir C. dementi, g.c.m.g. 

Smith, Jas. Parker 

Somerset, Lord Henry R. C. .. 
Spencer, Earl, k.g 







1 ;-ca 




The Baronetage. 

Turaer,H<ra. Sir George,K..c.H.o. 1397 

Tweedmouth, Lord, e.t 1SB6 

Waldegrave, Earl 1 1897 

Waleran, Lord 1399 

Wales, Prince of, e.g. 

&c G.B. 1894; I. 1397 

Walker, Sir Samuel, Bt I. i30s 

Ward, Hen. Sir J 03. Geo., 

K.C.M.O 1907 

Wason, Eugene 1907 

Watson, Bobt. Spence 1907 

V/ ay, Hon. Sir Samuel Jas. ; Bt. . . 1897 

Wenlock, Lord, g.c.s.i 1901 

West, Sir Algernon E., o.c.b. .. 1894 

Westmeath, Earl of I. 190a 

Wharton, John LI 1897 


Sprigg, Hon. Sir John G., I 

g.c.m.g 1897 j 

Stalbridge, Lord 1872 j 

Stirling, Sir Jamea 1900 \ 

Strong, Sir Samuel Henry 1897 

Sudeley, Lord i8sa 

Su (field, Lord, o.c.t.o 1S80 ' 

Talbot, Jno. Gilbert 1S97 j 

Taschereau, Hon. Sir Henri 

33., k.c 1904 J 

Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g 1905 ! 

Thurlow, Lord x336 ' 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, Bt. 

G.B. & I. 1882 ; 
Tupper, Hon. Sir Chas., Bt., 
g.c.m.g 1507 ; 

Whittaker. Sir Thos. P 

Williams, Sir Roland L. B. V. 

Wilis, Sir Alfred 

Wilson, Sir Arthur, e.c.i.e 

Wodehouse, Edmoad R 

Wolselev, Fd.-Jlarsh. Viae., 

e.p., W I. 

Wolverhampton, Vise., g.c.s.i. . 
Wortlcy (Stuart-), Chas. B., k.c. 

Wrench, Fredk. W I. 

Wyndham, George, 1. 1900 ; G.B. 

Yarborough, Earl of 

York, Arch bp. of 

Young, John I. 

Young, Robert I. 

Zetland, Marq. of, k.t 






Clk. of the Counc.—Gt.Brit., Almeric W.FitzRoy,c.v.o. ; ti 
Dep. Clk. Gt. Brit., Jas. H. Harrison, M.V.O. Registrar, 

el. , Sir Jas. B. Dougherty, c.B. 
, Edwd. Stanley Hope, c.B. 

General Remarks.— This degree, as was noticed above, grew out of a lower division 
of the rank of Barons. We meet with the phrase " Barones et Baronetti" so early as 
1321, whilst in 1340 an hereditary Baronet was made of William de la Pole. " Other 
Baronetcies," says Mr. Pixley in his very informing work, 'History of the Baronetage,' 
" were similarly created, . . . but, with the exception of a few cases in Ireland, the 
dignity had not been regularly hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First 
it had become practically unknown." The term was often confused with that of 
"Banneret," so that in the case of Sir Ralph Fane, who was awarded the "dignitas 
Baronetti " by Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really 
designed, and evident that at most it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the First in 161 1 the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 
mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage. It is linked with the nobility 
by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone, the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has much the 
appearance of a specialised order of Knighthood— by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membership of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence below 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there are at present scarcely 
any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the con- 
sequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies are 
cropping up and pestering us year after year. (See the paragraph on " Claimant 
Baronets," removed to page 97.) It had been expected that the Commission iatelj' 
appointed would effectively remedy this evil, but unhappily it appears to have reached 
no practical result. Every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register his 
pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
1612 five new privileges were granted, of which one was the right for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up 
to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in 
later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874 ; but other applications have proved unsuccessful, 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen 
(armif/eri) " of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 
lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has wholly ceased, though, 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed 
to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy 
to a female — Dame Mary Bolles, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under "Descent of Peers" we 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow through a female 



parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number j 
of Baronets enjoy Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in j 
the English and Irish divisions no badge whatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the v 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 7, 8. Early in the late reign an effort was 
made by the whole body of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further j 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because " too much was asked ; " but 1 
the recently founded "Standing Council of the Baronetage" (to whom we are under | 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of their seat (or of that of the founder of 
their line, as they may prefer) ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical with their own {e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) our northern friends 
often substitute "Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronetesses, 
but the word is scarcely ever used; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian j 
name, or "Dame " with the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they retain by etiquette (we now learn 
that it is not by law) after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers 
theit correct style is given on pages 25-7, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager "). Designation of a Baronet, Sir A. B., Baronet or J3t. 

An effort is being made by a small section of the Baronetage to gain for themselves a 
more dignified position by requiring a change to the form of address given in the j 
following circular : 

There is a strong feeling amongst Baronets that the expression "Dear Sir," being constantly used in 
commencing a letter now-a-days to their servants as well as themselves, is therefore not only incongruous i 
but also discourteous when applied to members of this ancient and hereditary degree. I will therefore 
ask you in future to kindly accord me my title, and commence your letters to me "Sir Baronet" instead 
of " Dear Sir." 

We greatly doubt whether this desire will be accomplished, or even whether it will | 
be received with any large measure of respect : in fact, the first person to whom the 1 
Editor showed the circular exclaimed that it "looked like a countryman trying to be 
polite and not quite knowing how." It is evidently designed as a term corresponding ! 
to " My Lord," but it does not correspond, it goes quite beyond it. But '' My Baronet," 
the real corresponding term, probably seemed ridiculous even to themselves, though we 
cannot see that the form they have hit upon is in any degree less so. The style "Dear 
Sir Thomas" is generally accepted though not altogether relished, because "even a 
Knight Bachelor " is addressed in the same form ; but it brings out the indisputable fact 
that the "Sir" is an appendage of the Christian name. Thus if some change is insisted 
upon we can only suggest that they should be satisfied with " Mr. Baronet," or possibly 
" Squire Baronet," though they hardly are esquires. Such Baronets should be addressed 
in the third person. This demand, though only that of a section, yet as coming so 
shortly after that of a larger section as referred to in the footnote, compels us to re- 
monstrate with our friends as to whether they are not, some of them, showing them- 
selves too punctiliously exacting. The Knights Bachelor have borne the preferring 
above them of one new Order after another without exhibiting this touchiness. A much 
more reasonable complaint is made that correspondents when addressing one of this rank \ 
very commonly omit the "Bt." or " Baronet " after his name on the envelope ; hence it 
is urged that the style^ ought to be altered to "Baronet Brown" or "Baronet Sir 
Thomas Brown " (only imagine "Baronet Sir Brown " without the Christian name!). 
For this prefixed form a large number of Baronets have lately petitioned the Crown. 

Baronets of England. Great Britain, and the Unitet Kingdom.— We have here | 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under tie Peers: Baronets created 

■ 1 from 1611 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronet, of England;" from that ; 

I rUm date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets , 

of the United Kingdom" — the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
^ the first only, and the Irish by the side of first and second. These distinctions, [I 

* The occasion of the starting of the Council was this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
between the issue of other Barons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
breach of faith. But the only alternative form, " Younger Sons of Barons and all sons of Life Barons," whilst 
it would have debarred the Baronets from this technical objection without mak'ng' the least difference to them 
(from the course adopted) as individuals upon the scale of precedence, would have rendered the issue of Life : -l 
Barons frequently superior to those of hereditary peers of recent creation. Some difference ivas intended, but not 
so great as would be implied by placing the Baronets between them. 

Historic Baronetage. 


however, do not in themselves (as with the Peers) affect the precedenee of a Baronet, 
which is in any case decided by the date of creation alone. The English degree 
was instituted by James the First in 1611, ostensibly <for the purpose of providing 
means to effect tile settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 
awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot-soldiers at eightpence per day 
for three years ; the total of this was about ^1095, and the first year's instalment was 
to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to 
the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 
increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about 
930 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title (but on the same 
day with a number now Peers) was Sir Nicholas Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt. ), 
afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier 
Baronet of England (see remark under the name in the Directory). The name of Sir 
Robert J. Dash wood is cited as Premier Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir 
Henry M. Vavasour as of "the United Kingdom ; " but of course the junior Baronet in 
an earlier series takes precedence of the premier in a later one. 

Baronetsof Scotland and Nova Scotia. — As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 

Sand the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain "or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction between Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottish Baronets in 1775. This 
degree was planned by James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
Scotland " to Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling ; but owing to the King's 
death the design was left to be carried out by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet (disregarding four 
Scots Peers who hold baronetcies) ; but his line became extinct in 1908, and the 
premier distinction now rests with Sir Norman Leslie, of Wardis. The number of the 
degree was not to exceed 150, and to each of these, on payment of a sum of about £2000, was 
to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres " of good land." No service was required from them, 
nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried out the scheme of colonisation : the 
raising of money to the Crown was the one great concern. Sir William Alexander, who 
first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, 
Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet 
Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, 
consisting in an enamelled decoration worn from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbon, 
and containing the arms of Scotland displayed upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne 
upon a larger one charged with a St. Andrew's Cross, and surmounted by a crown, the 
whole within an oval bearing the motto "Fax mentis honestae gloria" (Glory, the 
beacon-light of the noble mind). This badge was substituted for the originally intended 
arms of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles conferred the crest, which is a branch of 
laurel and a thistle issuing from two conjoined hands, the one armed and the other 
naked, with the motto, "Munit hsec, altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baronets of Ireland. — These all necessarily date from prior to the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
account given under that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 162 1 ; 
the Baronetcy merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous year 
and is apparently the very first that was granted. In Ireland as in England there had 
very early existed an hereditary rank bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was 
Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These 
were descendants of certain "lesser Barons" whom Edward the Third had summoned 
to Parliament for a special object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their 
baronial rank sunk to that of Baronets. 




*** As under the Peers, 1 denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § an Irish Baronetcy; all others ;ive 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United Kingdom. Peers who are Baronets are given in parentheses. A surname 
not that of the original Baronetcy is followed by the latter in square brackets. 

James I. 

Baronetcies ofEngld. only 

22.5 (Ferrers, Earl) 
(Buokinghamsh., E. 


„ (Sefton, E. of) 

,, (Chichester, E. of) 

„ (Bolingbroke, Vise.) 

„ (Gerard, Bn.) 

„ Bacon (Redgrave 
line), Premies Bt. 

„ DeHoghton 

„ Shelley of Michel- 

20.6 (Somerset, D. of) 
,, (Ailesbury, M. of) 
„ (Winchilsea, E. of, 

1st cr.) 
„ (Kimberley, E. of) 
,, (Monson, Bn.) 
, , Musgrave of E dennl . 
„ Cope 
,, Gresley 
,, Harington 
,, Mordaunt 
,, Twysden 
25.11 (Hereford, Vise.) 

10.6 (Dormer, Bn.) 


5.4 Egerton (Grey-) 
jo. 4 (Townshend, Marq.) 

15.5 Eoynton 

25.7 (Cobham, Vise.) 

Baronetcies of Ireld. ink. 

25.2 Burdett of Foremk. 
21.7 (St. Aldwyn, Vise.) 

6.5 Berney 

2.6 (Sutherland, D. of) 
13.7 (Leeds, D. of) 
26.7 Vincent 

7.8 ({Valentia, Vise.) 

4.1 (Hotham, Bn.) 

8.3 Tichborne (Doughty-) 

2.4 {Coote of Ballyitn 
16.10 (Stafford, Bn.) 

g.n Philipps of Picton 
5.12 Wake 


4.1 Mansel 

25.1 *Aylmer 

2.2 *Gore 

16.2 ({Kenmare, Bn.) 
23.2 (Westminster, D. of) 
e6.a (Gage, Vise.) 

{Blosse (Lynch-) 

16.6 {Tuite 

4.7 (Shaftesbury, E. of) 
0.7 {Blake of Menlough 

21.7 Hazlerigg 
20.12 Skipwith 

2 {Barnewall 
5 {Stewart of Fort S. 

Charles I. 

Baronetcies of Scotld. inst. 

2S.5 (fRoxburgho, D. of) 
9.5 (fBroadalbane, M. of) 

1625— cont. 
4.7 (fMaedonaM, Bn.) 
0.8 (fSea field, E. of) 
1.0 f Leslie of Wardis 

0.3 fForbes of Pitsligo 

1.3 f Johnston 

1.4 f Burnett 
2.4 (tMoncreiff, Bn., 1: 

3.9 tOgilvy 
3.12 Crewe 
X12 Sebright 

1.2 Bering 

2.3 fNapier of Napier 
18.3 (fReay.Bn.) 

28.3 (tBute, M. of) 
„ (Farnham, Bn.) 

21.4 Style 

30.5 (Bagot, Bn.) 
„ l3ham 

19.7 Makgill 

23.7 Goring (patent 16781 
29.7 Bacon (Mildenhall 

1.1 (tGosford, E.of) 
:2. 1 fGampbell of Auch- 

15.1 flnnes 
„ fCampbell of Ardna- 


19.2 tHope 
2.3 (Verulam, E. cf) 
7-5 Stonhouse, 1st cr. 
4.5 fEiddell of lliddell 
5-5 tMurray of Black- 

6.5 (tElibank, Bn.) 
1.5 t Mackenzie of Tarbat 

6.5 (Derby, E. of) 

30.6 Wrey 
7 Trelawny (Salusbury-) 


18.7 {Staples 

2.8 {Burke of Glinsk 

16.8 {Butler 

29.8 Wiseman 

1.9 Nightingale 

12.9 De la Pole [Pole] 

29.9 (fGranard, E. of) 

3.10 (tCastlestewart, Earl) 
24. 1 1 Wolseley of Wolseley 


28.1 {Esmonde 

29.3 Graham of Esk 

26.6 fBruce of Stenhouse 

27.7 fNicolson of Lass- 
wade, or Nicl.Hu. 

28.7 tAgnew of Lochnaw 

15.10 {Osborno 

20.4 (tSompiil, Bn.) 
,, tMurray of Dunemf 

24.4 fCrosbie 
13.1 if Richardson (Stew - 
art-) [Richardson 
of Penoaitland] 

25.11 fCuningh am e (Fair- 
lie-) [Cuningham-F.] 

5.3 fWardlaw 
28.3 ({Mountmorres,Visc.) 
2.6 (f Caithness, E. of) 
18.6 f Gordon of Embo 
3.9 fMaolean 


7.6 (f Lucan, E. of) 
„ fMunro of Foulis 
„ fFoulis (Liston-) 

({Abercorn, D. of) 


29.6 fpilkington (Mil- 

borne- Swinnerton 

30.7 tHay of SmitMeld 

20.2 fAbercroinby 
1S.6 fLockhart (Sinclair 

21.6 (fKilmaine, En.) 

16. 1 fNicolson of Tiili- 

26.5 Every 

15.6 (Bath, M. of) 

30.6 Cave-Browne-Cave 

147 (Poltimore, Bn.) 
157 Burgoyne 

16.7 (Iddesieigh, E. of) 

30.7 Strickland 

4.8 Boughton (Rouse-), 

Lawford line 

„ Chichester of 

,, Knatchbull 
7-8 fTuring 

1 1. 8 (fScarsdale, En.) 
16.S (Wenlock, Bn.) 


5.2 (Kesteven, Bu.) 
14.3 Kemp 
19.5 (Downe, Vise.) 

3.6 Hampson 

„ Williamson 

13. 5 (fAberdeen, E. of) 
24.8 Thorold 
30.8 (Wrottesley, Bn.) 

1.9 Throckmorton 

6.10 Blount 

2. 1 1 (Ravensworth, Bn.) 


1.8 (Waldegrave, Earl) 

17.1 (Acton, Bn.) 

34.6 Acland of Columfc 

John, 1st cr. 
5. n Boothby (patent) 

(Devon, E.of) 


12.2 vyvyan 

21.3 Boreel 


14 2 {Borrowes 

fllamilton of Silver 

ton Hill 

Charles II. 
1651 (in King's exile). 
1.8 (f Rosebery, E. of) 

2.4 Whichcote 
17.5 (Stradbroke, E. of) 
7.6 (Bradford, E. of) 

„ (Winchilsea, E. of, 
and cr.) 

,, Langham 

„ Palmer of Carlton 

1660 — cont. 
22.6 Robinson of London 
35.6 (Hastings, Bn.) 
„ (Stanley of A., Bn.) 
„ Bowyer,Denhamlir;C 
„ Shuckburgh 
27.6 Stuart of Hartley M. 

25.6 (St. John of B., Bn.) 
.) 13.7 Clerke 

,, Boothby (passed Seal) 

14.7 Dixie 

19.7 Honywood 
2.8 (Northumbd., D. of) 

1 1.8 Wheler 

26.9 Swinburne 

21. 1 1 (Onslow, E. of) 
I 3.12 (Headley, Bn., 1st cr.) 

24.12 Frankland 
29.12 Legard 


2.1 Bedingfeld (Past on-) 
-.8.2 Colleton 

„ {Piers 
21.2 Beaumont 

23.2 Smythe 
4.3 Reade 

„ Wilson (Maryon-) 

10.3 Broughton 

26.4 Cayley 

10.5 Cooke of Wheatley 
i5-5 Clement (Ashhurn- 

ham-) [Ash- 

18.5 Jenkinson 

17.6 Bulkeley (Wins.-) 

2.8 Carew 

7.8 Milbanke of Hainaby 

9.9 ({Egmont, E. of) 
28.11 Smijth (Bowyer-) 


24.1 Trevelyan of Nettle- 

1 1.2 Osborn 
10.4 ({Arran, E. of^ 
4.8 ({Southwell, Vise.) 
12.8 {Dancer 

7.11 Graham of Norton 

„ Tancred 

2.12 Brooke of Norton 
— (yAylmer, Bn.) 


0.2 (fSouthesk, E. of) 

3.6 fSeton of Abercorn 

9.7 D'Oyly 

16.8 (Romney, E. of) 

5.8 tHay of Park 

2.6 (fStair, E. of) 

26.9 Loraine 
2. 1 1 Biddulph 


15.4 Shaw of Eltham 

5.5 ({Waterford, M. of) 

8.6 (Roden, E. of) 
25.7 fGampbell (Home- 
Pur vos-Hume-) 

„ Burdett of Bur- 
„ tMalcolm [thwaite 

1.8 {Gethin 

2.9 fMenzies 

11.4 (fCarnwath, E. of) 
30.4 (f Rosslyn, E. of) 

Historic Baronetage. 


1666 — cont t 

30.4 f Stirling of Glorat 

22.5 (f Napier & E., Bn.) 

„ fRamsay of Bam3 

27.3 fStewart (Shaw-) 

24.5 Hanham 
7.6 f Wauchope (Don-) 


16.5 f Campbell of Aber- 


20 . 2 (f Queensberry, M .of; 

2 1 .Q-fCuny n gham (Stewart- 
Dick-), Cun. line 
[Cunningham of 

25.4 Mostyn 

5.5 Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 


25.1 fHome 

17 5 $Leioester [Byrne] 
18. 1 1 Croft of Croft 

26.2 fCuninghame (Mont- 

gomery-) [Cuning- 
name of Corsehill] 

28.2 fRoss 

25-5 f Jardine of Apple- 

13.11 Eden.W.Auckld.line 


7.6 fMurray of Ochter- 


16.10 tMackenzie of Coul 
5.11 fHamilton (Stirling-) 
[Hamilton of 

12.12 Blackett 

26.12 Filmer 


21.6 (Muncaster, Bn.) 
18.12 Hoskyns 


33 Dyke 

29.3 (Combermere, Vise.) 

7.4 (Middleton, Bn.) 
29.9 (Brownlow, Earl) 
15.12 ($Rosse, E. of) 


31. i Acland of Colurnb 
John, 2nd cr. 

8.5 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 


6.7 Dyer 


24.3 fClerk 
20.12 Stapleton 


i8.ii(fLauderdale, E. of) 

8.i fMaxwell of Mon- 

18.5 Parkyns 

29.6 $Moore 

, , Bunbury of Stann ey 
1.7 Parker of Melford 

12.4 fMaxwell (Stirling-), 


orig., giving prec. 
27.9 (^Kingston, E. of) 

5.1 tPringle 

7.2 fMaxwell (Heron-) 
n.i2fSeton of Pitmedden 

16.9 Dashwood of Kirt- 

James II. 

25.3 fGrierson 

26.3 fKirkpatrick 

30.11 fJioncreiffe 

16.2 fBroun 

15.4 Biois 

9.9 Speelman 
16.9 fKinloeh of Gilmer- 

9.11 ($Inchiouin, Bn.) 



6.7 Wynn (Wms.-) 

10.8 f Grant of Dalvey 

11.12 (SBellew, Bn.) 

William III. 


19.7 Moleswcrth 

30.11 P„anisden 

fLauder (Dick-) 

13.2 (Ripon, M. of) 

2.3 Leighton 

2.3 Colt 

20.3 f Dunbar of Mochrum 
;8.nfAnstruther of Bal- 


4.12 Thomas of Wenvoe 


2S.2 fBaird of Saughton 

29.4 fDalrymple (Hamil- 
ton-) [Dalrymple] 


29. 1 f Dunbar of Durn 

.4 Soame(Buckwth.-H.-) 

25.9 ($De Vesci, Vise.) 


6.1 f Anstruther (Car- 

michael-), 1st cr., 
Anstruther line 

6.4 Chetwode 

10.4 f Dunbar of Northf d. 

19.4 (fMinto, E. of) 

5.4 f Johnstone 


3.2 fCunynghame of 



5.5 fSuttie (Grant-) 

31.12 fCarmichael (Gib- 
son-) [Gibson] 


22.2 fHay of Alderston 
f Mackenzie of Gair- 


fMackenzie of Scat- 

21 5 ^^6l)St6r 

29.5 (^Clanwilliam, E. of) 
30.nfFergussonof Kilker- 



20.r fCathcart 

3.4 (Boston, Bn.) 

2.6 ($Headfort. M. of) 

12.10 f Sinclair of Dunbth. 
26.10 §Levinge 


9.5 (§Hawarden, Vise.) 

1705 — cont. 

4.10 Le Fleming 

29.10 Miller of Chichester 
7.12 f Grant of Monymusk 

29.7 fGordon of Earlston 

31.7 fNaesmyth 

21.12 f Dun bar (Duff-Suth- 

eiid.-) [Dunbar of 


22.3f Cunyngham (Stewart- 
Dick-), Dick line 

27.3fMaxwell (Stirling-), 
2nd cr., prec. of 1682 

Baronetcies of Gt. Brit, 
begin {Engld. and Scotld. 
m ergedfrom J une 20, 1 707) . 
28.6 Dashwood of W.Wyc. 

10.3 ($Muskerry, Bn.) 


16.2 Grey of London 

17.10 Lake 


19.2 (Radnor, E. of) 
George I. 

2.6 Warrender 
i9.n(Torrington, Vise.) 


1.7 Perrott 

26.2 Milner 
31.10 Elton 


17.6 Blunt 


21.4 Codrington of Dod- 

17.10 $Echiin 


10.6 Frederick 

1 1. 7 fcWeldon 


20.1 (Hill, Vise.) 
George II. 

26.4 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 

x.7 ($ Angksey, M. of) 
„ $Molyneux 
1 3. 1 Clayton 


17.1 (Ancaster, E. of) 

16.8 Heathcote 

24.8 Dryden, 1st cr., Am- 
brosden line [Tur- 


4.7 Armytage 
n 1739. 

7.2 Hulse 


25.10 (Newborough, Bn.) 

3.8 $Colthurst 


19. 1 $Wolseley of Mt. W. 

20.2 Beauchamp (Proctor-) 
[Beauch.- Proct.] 

22.3 (Suffield, Bn.) 

1 1.1 (Grey, Earl) 

4.11 Gooch of Benacre 


14.6 ($Athlumney, Bn.) 

175 1 - 

.i2(Huntingfield, Bn.) 
, 1752. 
21.4 Gibbons 

15.2 Winnington 
1.3 Sheffield 
7.5 (Waterpark, En.) 
27.11 Johnson of N. York 

6.5 (Ridley, Vise.) 

31. 10 Wilson (Bromley-) 
[Smith, then 

12.6 (§Crofton, Bn.) 


15.2 Wilmot of Chaddes- 


26.3 Cunliffe 

14.7 §Bradstreet 
29.9 GiynofEwell 
12.10 (Col ebrooke, Bn.) 


30.8 §Booth (Gore-) [Gore] 

George III. 

5.5 Hesketh (Fermor-) 

16.11 (Zetland, M. of) 

22.4 Blakiston 

1.7 (§ Cufferin & A ., M . of) 
1 1.8 ^Cotter 

22.1 (Rodney, Bn.) 

9.8 Cornewall 

22.3 (Lonsdale, E. of) 


15.7 (Ilenniker, Bn.) 
31.10 Knowles of Lovell 


T2.3 iBlunden 

„ *St. George 
15.7 (Gwydyr, Bn.) 

6.9 Thomas of Yapton 
3.11 ($CongIetor M Bn.) 


8.9 Hort 
31.10 Burnaby 

15.7 ($Carbery, En.) 

3.4 Burrard 

6.4 Alleyne 

2.5 Young of Nth. Dean 


7.10 (Somers, Bn.) 

8.10 Blake of Langham 
10 Mildmay (St.-John-) 
io Wilmot of Osmaston 
10 Sutton 

.7 Hughes 


5 Coote of Donnybrk. 
.5 Edmonstone 
.5 Hanmer 
.5 Ffolkes 
.5 Gibbes (Osborne-) 

.5 Burrell 

.6 Marriott (Smith-) 




24.2 $Walsh (Johnson-) 

2 1. 1 1 Buchanan (Leith-) 

4.8 $Fetherston 

6.8 ($Cloncurry, Bn.) 

26.8 Hamilton of Marl- 

borough Ho., istcr. 

14.9 (Headley.Bn.,2ndcr.) 
16.9 Mackworth 

13.9 Peyton 

19.9 Rhodes [Baker of 


19.10 Eden, 2nd cr., Mary- 

land line 

23.1 Douglas of Carr 

19.2 iLangrishe 

29.5 § Palmer of Castle 
19.5 (Hood, Vise.) 
25 7 Hawkins 
34.8 $Falkiner 
26.8 Wombwell 
29.8 (Mostyn, Bn.) 
31.8 Coghill 

2.9 Riddellof Ardnamur- 

3.9 Gunning 

27.3 Rumbold 

17.8 ($Ffrench, Bn.) 
„ §Hill 


19. 1 Parmer 
1.6 § Waller of Newport 

18.12 ($ Ely, M. of) 


24.3 (Dunraven, E. of) 

8.6 Craufurd 

„ Sykes of Basildon 

„ Mosley 
22.10 (Gainsboro'.E. of) 

12. 1 $>Denny 
1 1.3 §Chapman 

20.5 Fletcher (Aubrey-) 


19.6 (Haldon, Bn.) 

10.7 Affleck 

1 1.7 Brisco 

17.8 Geary 

2.12 §Musgrave of Tourm 

15. 1 Graham of Netherby 
28.3 Sykes of Sledmere 
q. 12 Guise 

18.12 Graeme diamond-) 

22.1 (Cottenham, E. of, 

1st cr,) 
„ (Halifax, Vise.) 
„ Jodrell 
,, Bur rant 
„ FitzIIerbert 
„ Rycroft 
„ Boevey (Crawley-) 

„ Dodsworth (Smith-) 
,, Beevor 

7.7 § Warren 

16.7 (§De Blaquiere.Bn.) 

28.7 (Kenyon, Bn.) 

10.12 $Hoare of Annabella 

17.6 ^Godfrey 


14.2 Sinclair of Ulbster 
27.6 Rowley of Tendrmg 

„ Vane (Fletcher-) 

1786— cont. 

27.6 Hoare of Stourhead 
,, Blair (Hunter-) 

„ Douglas of Springwd. 

„ Colquhoun 

30.8 $Bunbury(Richdsn.-) 
[Richardson of 
31.8 $Carden of Temple- 
1.9 §Des Voeux 

3.3 Miller of Glenlee 

27.8 $IIayes 

28.8 $Hodson 


13. 1 (Churston, Bn.) 

5.6 Oakeley 

9.8 Orde (Campbell-) 


24.2 Malet 

25.2 Kennaway 
1.3 $Lighton; 

26.4 Lushington 

28.7 (Northbourne, Bn.) 
„ Rich 

„ Boughton (Rouse-), 

Downton line 
„ Martin of Lockyuge 
„ Pole (Van-Notten-) 
„ Palmer of Wanlip 
„ Meyrick (Tapps- 
Gervis-) [Tapps] 

1S.7 King (Duckworth-), Bn.) 
15.11 (Tredegar, Bn.) 


12. 1 (Dysart, E. of) 

22.2 Ford 

29.5 (Northbrook, E. of) 


20.1 §Paul of Paulville 

1.9 Pasley 

8.9 Bowyer, 2nd cr., 

Radley line 
9.9 (Gardner, Bn., drmt. 

10.9 Curtis of Gatcombe 
8.12 Willoughby 

9.12 Prescott 

1. 5 Chetwynd 

2.5 Dryden, 2nd cr., 

Canons Ashby line 
1 1.5 Grace 
i2.s Darell 
13.5 Neave 
14.5 Hawley 
15.5 Pollen 

3.7 MacGrcgor of MacG. 
4 7 (Heytesburv. Bn.) 
6.7 (Derwent, Bn.) 

8.7 Poore 

23.7 $ Nugent of Ballin- 

26.7 pieredyth of Car- 

31.10 Lamb 


1.3 Farquhar of Cado'xan 

15.3 (Exmouth, Vise.) 

19.4 Bellingham 

12.5 Hartopp (Cradock-) 
14.5 Baker of Dunstable 


1.3 Pechell (Brooke-) 
30. 10 Onslow 

5.12 $Burke of Marble Hill 
6.12 $Jervis-W.-Jervis 

1797— cont. 
7.i2(§Ventry, Bn.) 

2.2 Knightley 
7.4 Hay (Dalrymple-) 
18.5 Anstruther (Carmi 
chael-), 2nd cr. 

24.7 Williams of Bodel 


24.5 Boughey 


4.1 ^Macartney 

18.8 $Smith (Cusack-) 
30.11 Troubridge 

1 Glyn of Gaunt's 
28.11 Milman 

29.11 Peel of Drayton 

15.12 Stirling of Faskin e 
30.12 SCuffe (Wheeler-) 
liaronetcies all of U.K. 
(Gt. Brit. & Ireld. merged 

Jan. 1, :8oi. 

20.3 Vavasour of Spal 

13.6 (De Saumarez, Bn.) 
15.6 Strachey 

23.6 (Cottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
27.6 Welby [Welby- 

29.6 Baynes 

30.6 Lennard (Barrett-) 

16.7 Montgomery 

3.1.7 Dillon 

I. 8 Keane 
4.8 Hardinge 

5.8 Fitzgerald (Judkin-) 
6.8 Kellett 

8.8 Goold 

10.8 Crofton of Mohill 

I I. 8 De Bathe 

12.8 Synge 


16.7 Nepcan 

2.9 Baker of Ranston 

21.9 Poynder (Dickson-) 

20.12 White of Walling- 
21.12 Metcalfe [wehs 
23.12 Curtis of Cullands 

20.6 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

21.6 Stewart of Athenry 
22.6 Stronge 

29.6 Barlow of Fort Wm. 

10.8 Wedderburn 
5.12 Kay 


2.2 Price (Rugge-) [Price] 
19.5 Honyman 

21.5 Cumming (Gordon-) 
22.5 Sullivan of Thames 

26.5 Mainwaring 

9.6 Maxwell of Cardoness 

1 1.6 Smith of Tring 
14.6 (Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
15.6 Lethbridge 

28.6 Clarke of Rossmore 
29.6 Bruce of Downhill 
30.6 Lees of Blackrock 

26.10 Hartwell 
30.10 FitzWygram 
31.10 De-Crespigny 

(Champion-) [De 

1. 1 1 Lopes 
2. 1 1 Cotter ell 
9. 1 1 Mackenzie (Muir-) 

1805— 6ont. 
6.i2Prevost of Belmont 

19.2 BrOmhead 
3.3 Shelley of Castle 

4.3 Cholmeley 

1.4 Louis 

9.4 (Avebury, Bn.) 

30.4 Scott of Gt. Barr 

12.5 Morris 

13.5 Ramsay of Balmain 
24.5 Lockhart of Le© 
27.11 Fraser 

28.11 Nugent of W r addes- 


1 1. 12 Thompson of Harts- 


13.12 Scott of Dunninald 

15.12 Hood (Fuller- 

Acland-), 1st cr., 
Hartington line 
[Bateman, then 

13.11 (Chesterfield E. of) 


17.9 Campbell of Sueooth 
3. 10 Montgomery of The 

„ Wilson (Tyrwhitt-) 

„ Corbet 
„ Sitwell 
„ Medlycott 
,, Perring 
„ Pigott 


13.4 Hood (Fuller- 

Acland-), 2nd cr., 
St. Andries line 
„ Baird of Newbyth 

31.5 Seymour (Culme-) 

20.9 Roberts 
22.9 Blennerhassett 
23.9 Smith of Eardiston 
25.9 Rushout 

1 1. 1 2 Alexander of Dublin 


8.i2Gallwey (Payne-) 

io.i2 Riissell of Swallow- 

15. 12 Hunter 



28.12 Kaye (Lister-) 

31.12 Leeds 


1 2. 1 Owen 

2. ti (Grimthorpe, Bn.) 
„ Radcliffe 
„ Huarhan (Henniker-} 

12.11 Gordon (Duff-) 
13. 1 1 Jervoise (Clarke-) 
23.11 Burton (Denys-) 

24.11 Young of Formosa 

27.11 Macdonald 

21.12 Wraxall 


7.5 Fowke 

21.5 Peirse (Beresford-) 
28.7 Domville 
29 7 Grey of Falloden 
1.9 Blackwood 
19.9 Dunbar of Boath 
21.9 Hoste 

Historic Baronetage. 



6.5 Hepburn (Buchan-) 
„ M'Mahon of Dublin 

22.5 Simeon 
„ Campbell of Thames 

„ Domvile 
„ Jackson of Arlsey 
„ Steuart (Seton-) 

„ Antrobus 
30.5 Waller of Braywick 
„ Preston 

„ Price of Trengwain- 

1.6 Oakes 

21.7 King of Charlestown 


9.3 Brownrigg 
12.3 Ogle 

30.3 Floyd 

25.5 Elphinstone of 

7.8 M'Mahon of St. Jas. 


30.11 Maitland 

I. 12 Johnson of Bath 
2.12 Parrington 

7.12 Bath urst (Hervey-) 

10.12 Lechmere 
11 i2Lacon 

12.12 (De L'Isle&D., Bn.) 
14.12 Hare of Stow Bar- 

15.12 Stracey 
16.12 Sniff ner 
17.12 Croft of Dodington 
18.12 (Deramore, Bn.) 

26.1 Hamilton of Marlb. 
Ho., 2nd cr., Trebiu- 
shun line 

14.4 Mahon 

14-12 Robinson of Rokeby 

Greorg-e IV. 

3.7 Campbell (Cockbn.-) 


14.8 (Cottesloe, Bn.) 
15.8 Corbett (Astley-) 

17.8 Shaw of Terenure 
18.8 Pocock 
20.8 (Hylton, Bn.) 
21.8 Farquhar(Townsd.-) 
22.8 Drake (Fuller- 

23.8 Wilmot (Eardley-) 
24.8 Dundas of Beechwd. 

27.5 Erskine 

28.8 Young of Baillieboro' 
31.8 Cooper (Paston-) 

[Cooper of Gade- 


3- 9 Paul of Rodboro' 

4- 9 Lindsay [Trotter] 

7.9 Scott of Lytchett 
6. 1 1 King of Corrard 


7.1 Brooke of Colebr ooke 

i9-3 James 

3- 4 Arbuthnot 

4- 1 1 Forbes of Newe 

II. n Robinson of Batt's 
H.nBaillie [House 
0.12 Ocbterlony 

3. 1 1 Lowther 

6.8 Munro of Lindertis 

16. 1 Dalrymple (Elphin- 
stone-) [Dalrymple 
of Nth. Berwick, 
then Dalrymple- 

19.1 (Vivian, Bn.) 

14.2 Vavasour of Hazel- 

15.2 Tempest [Ricketts] 
1S.2 Doyle 
20.2 Wakeman 
22.2 Chamberlain 

57.2 Drummond (Wms.-) 


ri.3 Freeling 
C7.3 Macgregor of Savile 


William IV. 


17.8 Key 

30.9 Slade 
„ Anson 

„ Douglas of Glen- 

„ Otway 

„ Campbell of Bar- 

„ Foster of GlydeCt. 
„ M'Grigor 
„ Harty 
„ Jones 
„ Chaytor 
„ Becher (Wrixon-) 
„ Campbell of Carrick 


„ Lawson of Brayton 
„ Nugent of Cloncos- 

koran [Humble] 
„ Craig (Gibson-) 
„ Barrington 
,, Brinckman 
,, Rashleigh 
„ Campbell of New 

,, Nugent of Donore 
,, Walsham 
„ Heygate 
„ Clarke of Dunham 

9.4 Russell of Charlton 

153 Laurie [Bayley] 

25.7 Hammick 

30.8 Brodie 

28.3 Walker (Forestier-) 

30.3 Barrow 


22.2 Rowley of Hill Ho. 

12.3 Carnac (Rivett-) 
14.3 Lucy (Ramsay-Fair- 
fax-) [Fairfax] 

17.3 Newman 
22.3 Sawle (Graves-) 
15.7 Power of Kilfane 
16.7 Macnaghten (Work- 
man-) [Macnaghten 1 
18.7 Kennedy 
19.7 Boswall (Houstoun-) 


1 1. 1 1 Clark of Tillvpronie 

16.12 Wood of Hatherley 


14.7 Head 
16.7 O'Loghlen 
17.7 Herschel 

1838— cont. 
18.7 (Lytton, E. of) 
19.7 Gordon (Smith-) 
24.7 Boileau [Smith] 

5.7 Grant (Macpherson-) 
30.7 Shakerley 

31.7 Seale 

2.8 Adair 

3.8 Foster of Norwich 
7.8 Forrest 
8.8 Roche 
9.8 Heywood 

10.8 Worsley 

1 1.8 Menteth (Stuart-) 
T4.8 (Wimborne, Bn.) 
15.8 Bellew (Grattan-) 

7.8 East (Clayton-) 

18.8 Crofton of Longfd. 


7.4 Pottinger 
28.4 Spearman 

29.4 Stockenstrom 

30.7 Buxton of Beilfield 

2.8 Pelly 


5.5 Stuart of Reading 

22.5 Willshire 

5.6 Arthur of Upper 


23.6 Couper 

7.9 DeTrafford 

8.9 Lawson of Brough 

18.9 Armstrong of Gall en 

20.9 Clay 

14.10 Le Marchant 

18.10 Power of Edermine 

23.12 (Gough, Vise.) 


18.12 Parker of Shenstone 

1 1.7 Lewis of Harpton Ct. 
13.7 (Hampton, Bn.) 

18.7 Gladstone 

20.7 (Magheramorne.Bn.) 

21.7 Feilden 

22.7 Verner 


9.1 Davie (Ferguson-) 
1.1 Cnrrie 

2.1 (Rothschild, Bn.) 

5.9 O'Brien 
5.12 Duke 

22.12 (Shuttleworth, Bn.) 

8.1 Abdy 


16. 1 (Hothlield, Bn.) 


25.6 Alison 

5.7 (Glanusk, Bn.) 

27.11 Bonham 


10.5 (Knutsford, Vise.) 

21.9 Robinson of Toronto 
„ 1855. 

22.2 Peto 

4.5 Moon of Portm. Sq 

19.7 Walker of Oakley 

T J 857 " 

5.5 Locock 

6.8 Jejeebhoy 

8.1 Wilson of Delhi 
22.1 Allan (Havelock-) 

19.4 (Haversham, Bn.) 

1858— cont. 
20.4 Griffith (Waldie-) 

10.8 Lawrence of Luck- 

16.8 (Lawrence, Bn.) 

.11 Outram 


.3 Cunard 

.4 Nicholson 
19.4 Miles 
20.4 Neeld 
23.4 Grogan 

26.4 Stucley 

25.5 Duncombe (Paunce- 

22.1 Dilke 


2 1. 1 Lloyd 

23.1 Crossley 

24.1 Brown cf Astrop 

26. 1 Cooper of Woollahra 

20.8 Western 

20.1 Buller (Manning- 

23.1 Fergusson of Spital- 

3.2 Simpson 

27.6 Watson of London 

25.7 (Tweedmouth, Bn.) 
26.7 Ingilby 

28.7 Pryse (Webley- 
Parry-) [Pryse] 

31.7 (St. Levan, Bn.) 
2.8 Pollock of Hatton 
3.8 Edwards of Pye Nest 
4.8 Williams of Tregul- 


5. 1 1 Gooch of Clewer 
16. 1 1 Lampson 


9.4 Napier of Dublin 
3.4 Bagge 
15.4 (Ardilaun, Bn.) 

30.4 Lawrence of Ealing 


25.2 Jenner 

[7.1 1 (Hillingdon, Bn.) 

28.11 Harvey of Langley 

7.12 Child 

8.12 Harvey of Crown Pt. 
9.12 Walker of Sand 

10.12 Humphery 
11.12 Buckley 

23.12 Moss (Edwards-) 
24.12 Larcom 

19. 1 Brady 

26.10 Salomons (Goldsmid- 
Stern-) [Salomons] 
.10 Seymour of the 

29.10 O'Connell 

30.10 Salt of Saltaire 
2. 11 Fair bairn 

3. 1 1 Earle of Allerton 
4. 11 Jackson (Mather-) 
[Jackson of Birken- 

30. 1 1 Bazley 


23.5 (Moncreiff, Bn., 

2nd cr.) 

19.8 Paget of Harewd. PI. 

22.9 Stepney (Cowell-) 
28.11 Christison 


8.2 Gull 

26.3 Pollock (Montagu-) 




1872— cont. 
9.9 Rose of Montreal 

16.4 Kinloch of Kinloch 
4.8 Waterlow 

13.3 TrevelyanofWalling 

16.3 Wilson of Eshton 

17.3 Forster of Lysways 

18.3 Grove 

19.3 Burrows 

21.3 Aniory (lleathcoat-) 

23.3 Price (Green-) 

24-3 Miller of Manderston 

26.3 (Knaresborough,Bn. 

13.5 Peek 

14.S Rose of Rayners 
IS-S Elliot 

16.5 Kelk 
4.8 Lusk 

14.6 Barttelot 


18.2 Scourfield 

21.2 Leslie of Glasslough 

22.2 Greenall 

23.2 Hardy 

24.2 (Waleran, Bn.) 

25.2 Codrington of Dod- 

ington Park 
26.2 Cust 
24.5 Prere 

16.8 Temple of The Nash 
1. 11 Milne 


14.12 Buchanan of Bun- 

3.5 Mowbray 

5.5 Meyrick (Chariton ) 

6.5 Lennard of Wick- 
ham Ct. 

7.5 (Hindlip, Bn.) 

8.5 Ripley of Eawdon 
n .5 Goidney 

12.5 Watkin 

1 3. 5 Bates 

8.7 FitzGerald of Valen- 



14.6 Stewart of S.Kensgtn. 

15.6 (Roberts, Earl) 
2S.12 Phillimore 

29.12 Sullivan of Garryduit 

13.5 (Swansea, Bn.) 
15.5 Matheson 
16.S Milbank 
17.5 (Burton, Bn.) 
18.5 Peaae 

19.5 Wittewrongc(Lawea-) 

20.5 Adam 
22.5 Marling 
23.5 Freake 

6.6 Ellis 

29.12 Clarke of Rupertswd. 

25 5 .Tesscl 

9.8 Clark of Fangbourne 

26.13 (Lister, Bn.) 
(Farrer, Bn.) 

23.1 Bowman 

22.7 Samuelson 

27.5 (Iveagh, Bn.) 
16.7 Millais 
17.7 Tennant 
18.7 Errington 

1885— cont. 
20.7 Jardine (Buchanan-) 
21.7 Bell of Rounton 
22.7 Brocklebank 

23.7 Vernon 

11.8 Thornhill (Compton-) 


14.9 (Killanin, Bn.) 
15.9 Corry 


12.2 Walker of G a te a r re 
13.2 Alexander of Bal- 

15.2 Dorington 

16.2 Montefiore 

3.3 (Mount Stephen, Bn.1 
5.3 Green of Wakefield 
6.3 Pacret of Cranmore 

8.3 Ewing(Orr-) 

10. 3 Cook 
27.8 Maprcin 

28.8 (Airedale, Bn.) 

31.8 Palmer of Crinkle 
2.3.9 Clark of Edinburgh 


6.6 Hanson 

14 6 Carden of Molesey 
12.7 (Glenesk, Bn.) 
16.7 Clitford 
19.7 Dalrymple of New- 

20.7 Houldsworth 
22.7 Moon of Copsewood 
23.7 Philipt)8 of Picton 

25.7 Lucas 
26.7 Thursby 
27 -7 Loder 

13.9 Ewart 

26.9 Kinahau (Hudson-) 
23.11 (Northcote, Bn.) 

12.6 Collet 

13.9 Tuppcr 

10.10 King of Campsie 


2.1.6 (Inverclyde, Bn.) 

27.6 Porter of Mention Sq. 

6.7 Stokes 

13.7 Boehrn 

26. 1 1 Whitehead 


20.3 Llewelyn (Dillwyn-) 
21.3 Mackenzie of Gien 

22.3 Sassoon 

24.3 Savory of Brook St. 

17.4 Fowler 

18.4 Thompson of Guise- 

12.6 (Newlands, Bn.) 
16.6 A eland of Oxford 

1.9 Petit 


6.2 (Rcsmead, Bn.) 
7.2 Rawlinson 
9.2 (Crawshaw, Bn.) 
11.2 Kennard 
2.7 Stephen 

1.4.9 Savory of Buckhurst 

28.9 (O'Brien, Bn.) 


6.4 Durand 

rs.6 Powell of Ilorton 
17.6 Wiggin 

3.10 Hartland (Dixon-) 
6.;o Lea 

7. 10 Stewart (M'Taggart-) 
[Stewart of South- 

8.10 Jaffray 

13.10 (Burnham.Bn.) 

19. 10 Armstrong of London 
20.10 Muir 

1892— cont, 

25.10 (Farquhar, Bn.) 

2 1. 1 1 Hamilton of Hatley 

13.12 Schroder iBn. von B 

1.7 (Holden, Bn.) 

3.7 (Joicey, Bn.) 

17.7 Hart 

7.8 Cameron 
8.8 Hingley 

9.8 Ingram 

10.8 Broadbent 
1 1. 8 Knill 

12.8 (Winterstoke, Bn.) 

4.9 Giibey 


24.1 Lvell 
6.2 Pry 

4.5 Jones (Burne ) 
23.6 (Swaythling, Bn.) 
25.6 Coats (Glen-) 

26.6 Pearson 
'6.7 Austin 

17.7 E.eckitt 

30.10 Williams of London 

[1.2 Barran 
rS-2 Newnea 
13.7 Bale 

15 7 Watson of Earnoek 
27.7 B runner 

29.7 Dunn 

29.8 Bell of Glasgow 
30.8 (Blyth, Bn.) 

31.8 Leyland (Nay lor-) 
2.9 Agnew of London 
4.9 ltenals 
5 9 Forwood 

7.2 Fayrer 

12.2 Ariiott 

15.2 Lewis of Nautgwine 
17.2 Coddington 
18.2 Boord 
19.2 Seeiy 
21.7 Cave 

22.7 Dalgleish (Ogilvr-) 
23.7 M'lver 

24.7 Verdin 

4.8 FitzGerald (Uniaeke- 


13.2 Lees of Sth. Lytchctt 

1 5.2 Wills of Northmoor 

5.3 Powell of Winipi. St. 
8.3 Baird of TTrie 

27.8 Phillips (Faudel-) 
2.8.S "field of Ellon 

31.8 Gamble 

1.9 Gilmouv 

2.9 Peel of Tyevsall 
3.9 Pender 
1 9 Riplev of Acacia 
6.9 Smith of Stratfd. PI. 

13.9 Quilter 

25.9 Paget of Sutton Bon. 
27.9 Wood of The Hermit 


5.2 Wilks 

7.3 Nanney (Ellis-) 

8.3 Samuel of Sophien- 

9 3 Wigan 

10.3 Holder 

[1,3 Lawrence (Burning ) 

12.3 Macluro 

17.6 De la Rue 

18.6 Dundas of Arniston 

20.6 Rankin 

27.6 Tate 


20.2 Thompson of London 
21.2 Hornby 

1899. — cont. 

22.2 Barry 

23.3 Scott of Castle House 
2.8 Way 

7.8 Hoare of Sidestrand 

8.8 Salt of Weeping Cross 

29.8 Usher 


(39.1 ( Al ver st one, Bn . ) 

18.5 Newton 
I tg.6 Chance 

30.6 Chubb 

. 3i.6 Grerne 

1 i2.7 Lawson of Weetw d. 
1-13.7 W rightson 

24.9 File 

K.g M'Connell 

6.9 Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 

5.3 Aird 
6.3 Backhouse 
8.3 Gunter 
„ Church 
11. 3 Portal 

19.12 Green of London 

7.3 Barlow of London 
?2.7 Porter of St. Nessaus 
23.7 Dimsdale 
24.7 Bradford 
25.7 Noble 
;6.7 Evans 
38.7 Laking 
29.7 Lipton 
-•,0.7 Treves 

31.7 Parry 

1.8 Lewis of Portld. Fl. 
2.8 Poynter 

4.8 Jackson of Stansted 

■-,.8 Henderson 

6.8 Hodge (Hermon-) 

7.8 Muntz 

8.8 M'Laren 

1 1.8 Tomlinson 


5.1 Brown of Broome 

6.1 Banbury 
7.1 llenshaw 
8.1 Prevost of Tadding- 


9.1 Makina 

m. 1 Arthur of Carlung 
1 2. 1 Nutting 

3.2 Chisholm 
7.7 Primrose 
2S.8 Hickman 

2C.8 Samuel of The Mote 
27.8 Brocklehurst 
38.8 Wright (Cory-) 
jq.8 Rasoh 
31.8 Todd (Wilson-) 
j 7.10 Dixon 
8.1c Cochrane 
9.10 Murphy 
' Fitzgerald of Cork Brooke of Summer- 
12. 12 Bingham 
'4.i2 Knowles of Westwd. 
is. 12 Ritchie 


io.S Wills of Hazelwood 

20.8 fiopner 

22.8 Goulding 

23.8 (Northeliffe, Bn.) 

2). 8 Kimber 

25.8 Palmer of Reading 

26.8 White of Bristol 

12.12 Cayzer 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 


1904— cont. 
ii.i2 Flannsry 
14.12 Boyle 
15.12 Heath. 
16.12 Nairn 


23.2 Monson " 
24.7 Boulton 
2=;. 7 Birkin 

26.7 Cooper of Kursley 

27.7 Fison 

2S.7 Holcroft 

29.7 Hoyden 

31.7 (alichelhain, Ba.) 

1.8 Trifcton 

2.8 Wernlier 

3.8 Pound 

6.12 Avery 

7. 12 Coats 

8.12 Gofl? (Davis-) 

g. 12 Duncan 
11. 12 Bllerraan 

12.12 Martin of Overbury 
18.12 Bell (Morrison-) 
19.12 Cohen 

20.12 Cooper of Shenstone 
21.12 Hare of Stow Hall 
22.12 Hosrg (Lindsay-) 
23.12 Hulton 

26.12 Lawson of Knaves- 
27.12 Ley 

28.12 PraecT (Mackworth-) 
29.12 Mann 
30.12 Milburn 


12.7 Walker of Gore Point 
13.7 Lawrence of Sloaue 

14.7 Nixon 
16.7 Schwann 
17.7 Spicer 

18.7 Ferguson (Johnson-) 
19.7 Greenwell 

1906— cont. 
20.7 Huntington 
21.7 Langman , 
23.7 Bunciman 
24.7 Schuster 
25-7 Speyer , 
26.7 Tooth (Lucas-) 
27.7 Wilson of Airdrie 
2^.7 Morgan 

1. 12 Caw ley 

3.12 Cbanning 

4.12 Graham of Larbert 

5.12 Hunter (Hughes-) 

16.7 Scotter 
17.7 Treloar 
18.7 Holland 
19.7 Herbert 
20.7 Barlow of Bradwall 
22.7 Blake of Tillmouth 
23.7 Bowring 
24.7 Dewar 

23.7 Edwards of Knighton 

1907— cont. 
26.7 Stow (Philipson-) 
27.7 Scott of Beauclere 

hi Ashman 

£ Hollins 

* Cory 

"g Bilsfand 

g Colman 

« Donner 


t < Brunton 

Bell of Ashley Gdns. 
" Cheyue 

| Borthwick 
-§ Kearsley 

1 Barrett (Lftyland-) 
d Perks 

o Eoberts of Abergele 
£ Kobinson of Kim- 


Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the King himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, " after good words and 
wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standard at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
First ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in France. 


General Remarks. — In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : " It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which does not 
imply its equestrian nature, for in the French a Knight is styled ' Chevalier ' from 
cheval, as in German 'Ritter 'or rider ; " " Caballiero " is also cited as a Spanish form, and 
it is added, " From the spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Eqiutcs Aurati." The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William W al worth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performing 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were put on ; whilst both before and after the conferring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Keneim Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
j also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from such, as 
! did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 
the Knight ' ' sans peur et sans reproche ; " and so, in our own country, Brand, Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 

62 Introduction. 

father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term — not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelors until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so early as the year 506 
(the reputed era of King Arthur's Knights of the Round Table). 

There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood — the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Patrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Royal Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Bachelor, though not a 
constituted Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India ; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the Knights of 
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, wh ich embrace both sexes, and which, 
like the Military Knights of Windsor, confer no precedence and are denoted by no initials. 
Not one of these is hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only com- 
moners, would take precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and 
St. Patrick have come to be restricted to nobles, notable recent exceptions being the 
bestowal of the Garter upon Sir Robert Walpole and William Herbert who became Earl of 
Pembroke, and of the Thistle (likewise prematurely) upon the present Dukes of Argyll 
and Buccleuch, as also upon the late Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, whilst we are told 
that the Garter was offered upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title "Sir" is 
formally prefixed to the names, when given in full, of all Peers who are also either 
Knights or Baronets. Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir " the wife, 
in conventional usage, has the title " Lady " or "Dame" as in the case of a Baronetess. 
But in both cases the honour is one of courtesy and not of right, as we are shown 
by an amusing story in ' The Book of the Court : ' The lady of a certain City 
Knight was once presented to the old Princess Amelia, who was very deaf. The 
Princess, not aware that she was merely a Knight's lady, was about to salute her as 
she would have done with the daughter of a Peer, to the great horror of the Gentleman 
Usher in Waiting, who, shocked at such a violation of etiquette, exclaimed, loud enough 
to be heard by all present, "Don't kiss her, Your Royal Highness ; she i3 not a real 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
the year 1900, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelor. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and 
it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be 
carried out by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace. On pro- 
motion from a lower to a higher Class in the same Order the insignia of the lower must 
be returned to this Office, excepting only in the case of the Royal Victorian, under 
which they must be sent to the Privy Purse Office. Eor further particulars, see under 
each Order. 

The cuts representing the stars of the various Orders, small as they are, may assist 
in rendering their descriptions intelligible. But for the Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, 
and Bath (G.C.B. Mil.) much clearer ones will be found on our title-page. 

The Most Noble Order of the Garter.— The commonly accepted date ol the 
institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 
a. Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 
'JjagfL in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be pre- 
jpplp ferred is that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 
in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
own knee by way of rebuke to those who "saw harm " in it, and that the occurrence 
thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Crecy. 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 63 

i Another story is that Richard Cceur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
[ leathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
night assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 
half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, " May 
he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it,"adding ' ' i.e. , the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for the Order, apparently following Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; but here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should " think ill " of a grand warlike expedition. But 
though mistrusting this application, we must all admit without hesitation that Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly literal than the one commonly received, which 
first ignores the " y " for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or 
nothing, and then repeats the word "evil" without any warrant from the original. 
For the word "honi," which in modern French would be "honni," is not even a 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount 
to a curse). " Accursed be he who sees harm in the Garter " is evidently the real 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured " is far too feeble. 

The Order itself may be said to rank indisputably as the first in the world, and the 
number of foreign Sovereigns who have accepted it is almost countless. It is still limited 
to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and other 
members of the Royal Family (Queen Alexandra has been made a Lady of the Garter), 
and such extra Knights and foreign rulers and dignitaries as may be admitted by special 
statute ; the only alteration has been the extension of the limits to descendants of the 
first instead of the second George. A Knight of the Garter is at his investiture allotted 
a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, over which are set up, to be retained through- 
out his life, his sword, helmet, crest, banner, and a plate containing his arms and titles: 
this practice is still in vogue. 

The officers of the Order are — Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor — all three ex 
officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, usually called " Garter," and the Gentle- 
man Usher of the Black Rod — these two being personal appointments. The Prelate and 
Chancellor are authorised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms of St. 
George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and on 
the other with a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms embroidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he wears a red book of the Order with a device of two pens 
within the garter. The mantle of "Garter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
(for whose names and titles see page 70) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
similar mantle. His Rod is surmounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
and motto. He is granted for life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 

The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
array, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser 
George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly 
comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (thi8 is the mantle 
worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle and 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidered Star, within 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the whole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, 
which is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of twenty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each medal has for its 

6 4 


border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
between each medal and the next is a true-lovers' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (we here call them medals for 
clearness, as the idea of twenty-six garters round the neck might be too suggestive of 
strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order — the Sovereign and Knight 
Companions ; the entire Collar weighs exactly thirty-two ounce3. * Suspended to tins 
Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
Dragon ; the Lesser George, whicn is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 
of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing to beneath the right arm (never 
otherwise, however sometimes pictured ; we have had this certified by a note from 
Garter King of Arms in 1907). On the death of a Knight the insignia must be returned 
to St. James's Palace. Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.Gr. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Ordek of the Thistle.— -The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to a.d. 787, 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen 
by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, King of the Picts, as they were engaged 
in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently state. 
What is historical is that in the year 1540 James the Fifth either established or revived 
the Order, and that it had again to berestored in 1687 by James the Seventh of Scotland 
and Second of England, who created eight Knights and assigned to them the royal chapel 
at Holyrood, which is still the chapel of the Order. Once more the Order collapsed 
through the Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again 
and more permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it was decreed that its 
membership should comprise the Sovereign and sixteen Knights, but other personages 
of the Royal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Dean, the Secretary, 
Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Pod. The decorations con- 
sist of the Badge or Jewel, the Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge is in the 
form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with a gold enamelled 
figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is worn either pendent to 
the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which passes over the left 
shoulder and across the breast. The Star, properly so called, is itself formed in part of a 
St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroidery, between the four limbs of which are four starry 
rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with green foliage), which is 
surrounded by a circle with the motto, kl Nemo me impune lacessit " (No one provokes 
me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the coat or cloak. The Collar is 
composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with sprigs of rue. The Mantle (a 
recent addition) is of green velvet lined with taffeta. After death the insignia must be 
returned as under the preceding Order. The Chapel of the Order is in St. Giles's 
Cathedral, Edinburgh. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 
j> Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
J^lvL. two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and, 
ifilf some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
^ the insignia, but not the cx-officio knighthood. There was formerly a religious cere- 
mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church, and simultaneously the offices of Prelate and Registrar have lapsed, whilst the 
Chancellor, instead of being an Archbishop, is now the Secretary for Ireland of the 
Ministry of the day. The other officers are the Ulster King of Arms, the Secretary, the 
Usher of the Black Rod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. The decorations consist of the 
Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and Star have each of them in the 
centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf of shamrock, each lobe of 
which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle with a motto in gold 
letters, " Quisseparabit?" (Who shall separate us?) ; surrounding this again there is in the 
Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole within an oval out- 
line, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two ornaments arc 
worn as under the previous Orders. The Collar is wholly of gold and made up of a series 

* Among peculiar Court usages it in noted that no Collar of any Order may be worn aft«r sunset unless specially 
directed ; also, tint any member of the Household mu-zi display a pert ion of his linen collar above the golden one ! 
There are some 35 Collar Pays in the year. 


of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crown, alternating with eight golden knots, the 
roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; whilst 
the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much larger- 
harp forming the connecting-link between i he Collar and Badge, the roses three behind and 
two in front, the crown taking in this last position the place of the centre one. The Mantle 
is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over the 
right shoulder. Return of insignia as in preceding Orders. Designation, the letters K.P. 

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath. —The name of this, by far the largest 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in honour of those to which commoners can 

#hope to attain, was evidently taken from an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 1399, it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coronation in that year, 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
" went a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 
indeed, we are told that in 1127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others ".Knights of the Bath" at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
"received knighthood by bathing" from Edward the Second. But it was not til] 
u.c.B. Civ. 1725 that the Order was placed upon a solid foundation ; since then it was enlarged 
in 1815, and no less than twelve times from 1347 to 1906. We are told by 
Froissart of Henry the Fourth's Knights being presented by the King with 
greggi "long green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with 
*TBpp miniver, and with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and 
k.c.jj. Mil. after the fashion used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left 
shoulder had a double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tasseis 
were pendent." On the evening previous to their investiture they were all 
JSgPI assembled together, and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the 
^'if _ rites of the latter having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, 
k.c.b. Civ. i loweV er, appears to have been observed at the creation of Knights much earlier 

# still ; but we find the Order in existence later on, and habitually bestowed or. 
state occasions upon such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other 
knighthood. Thus we can supplement Froissart's account by a more definite 
c.b. Mil. one as described on the investiture of a number of Knights in 1610, when Prince 
Badge. Henry, son of James the First, was created Prince of Wales. Those to be 
invested were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, and were conducted in 
the evening to the bathing-chamber, "where for each of them was provided a several 
bathing-tub, which was lined both within and without with white linen and covered 
with red say. Early the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to "honour God and main- 
tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the utmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
sword and spurs. In this array they rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
highest in rank first) entered the hall and knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then put on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels." The 
above is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last of this Order ol 
Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Waif ord to have been the sixty-eight created by 
Charles the Second at his coronation. We pass to 1725, when George the First renewed 
the Order, fixing it at thirty-seven Knights and the Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, 
that it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only 
the highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 



total of the Class (hitherto the letters K.B, forming the unvarying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it Was again enlarged, the Civil Division being extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first. Eventually the numbers 
were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive bi the Royal Family and of such 
distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either Division 
or Class : even then much laxity obtains by the temporary use of the word 
" Additional " (and so with the Orders generally). It must also be particularly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 
their special services having been of a scientific or other non-military character, or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces, whereas actual military service^ (see next 
paragraph) is required for the other Division ; a few have obtained both Divisions. 

The officers are the Dean (the Dean of Westminster), the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. The Duke 
of Connauglit was in 1901 appointed Great Master, an honour previously held by his 
present Majesty. As a rule, though not without frequent exceptions, recipients of this 
Order must begin with the lowest Class, or Companions, and proceed to Knights 
Commanders before they can become Grand Crosses. The Military Division of even the 
lowest rank is only conferred upon such distinction in action against the enemy as shall 
procure a special mention in despatches, or else upon meritorious service in the Medical, 
Engineer, Pay, or Indian departments ; it is never granted to any officer of lower grade 
than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy — indeed very rarely even 
so low, the Distinguished Service Order being substituted. 

The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and Ribbon. The 
Badge for the Military Division is a (genuine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 
enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in 
the central circle are a rose, thistle, and shamrock issuing from a sceptre, with three 
Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
juncta in uno " (Three joined in one), with a laurel- wreath completely surrounding it, 
whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve): by the Grand Crosses 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, 
being externally surrounded with a glory of silver flames ; for the Civil Grand Crosses 
there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 
for the Knights Commanders there is a silver cross-pattee round the same centre, the 
Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll ; Companions have no 
Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
composed of nine Albert Crowns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and 
shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 
white. The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Grand Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B. is entitled to "supporters" in his' 
coat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red 
mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and 
a high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. On the death of a G.C.B. the 
insignia must be returned to St. James's Palace, with the exception of the Badge and 
Star, which may be retained by relatives, as are all the decorations of the K.C.B. and 
C.B. The Chapel of the Order is Henry the Seventh's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. 
The designations with the nominal limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being 
at the present date allgreotly exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division 
was increased enormously, having pronounced those in excess to be "additional," in 
virtue of a provision that the second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occur- 
rence of a war. The nominal total was raised in 1906 to 1344, and the oddness of the 
figures throughout is amusingly perplexing when we come to discover that about 1900 is 
the present actual membership, without including Honorary Members : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A. B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 

2nd Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.B. ... 145 ,, no „ 

3rd Companions The letters C.B. ... 705 302 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 67 

The Most Exalted Order op the Star op India.— The Order next in precedence 
after the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by her late Majesty in 
1861, and subsequently enlarged successively ih 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, and 
1903. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 
loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It' consists of the Sovereign, the &c. Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 276 Knights and Companions disposed 
in three Classes as below, and such extra and Honorary Members as the Sovereign may 
from time to time appoint : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- 
tion K.S.I, than represented the only title which it conferred. The officers are the 
Registrar and the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern- 
ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and 
Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set 
in an oval and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Guide;" it is sur- 
mounted by a five-rayed star wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with 
the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like 
the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the 
whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their 
proper colours, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and 
ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards 
each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left, 
and by Knights Commanders round the neck, as with the preceding Order ; Companions 
attach the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with 
white and adorned with blue and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. On the 
death of a member of either Class the insignia must be returned to St. James's Palace. 
Designations and limits (as increased in 1903) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., Gr. C.S.I. ... 36 members. 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.S.I. ... 85 ,, 

3rd Companions The letters C.S.I. ...170 „ 

In 1st Class, i3 each European and Indian ; ex-Viceroys additional. 

The Most Distinguished Order op St. Michael and St. George. — Though 
clearly older than the preceding and now of much wider application, this Order lias 

^Mb* been placed after it in dignity, because, having been originally established (in 
LfffiraM lSl8 ) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the protec- 

i?Bp torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands; 

g.c.m.g. and of Malta, and to "such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean : " indeed, it was not made 
applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the "Star 
of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, 
and twenty-five respectively ; but it was enlarged successively in 1868, 1877, 1879, and 
1887, till it has come to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 
in either Colonial or Foreign Affairs. It now comprises the Sovereign, the Grand 
Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, with foreign 
Princes and persons of distinction (who are Honorary Members), and the ordinary 
Knights and Companions a3 below. Its officers are the Prelate, Chancellor, Secretary, 
King of Arms, and Registrar : the Colonial Office is its Chancery, and there is now 
added a Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge 
is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four: 
on one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St. 
George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris 
cevi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading 
like the Badge, and with narrow ones of gold between, whilst in the centre is the 
figure of St. George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a 
cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear 
in our illustration). That of Knights Commanders is smaller and of only _ four 
rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), 
Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front 
centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the 
three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are 
of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the latter surmounted with white and black ostrich 

G 2 



feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear "supporters." Under this Order, 
on the death of a member the insignia may be retained by relatives. The following are 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," whilst the two Indian Orders alone substitute 
" Grand Commanders "), also the statutory limits of each Class as extended in 1902, 
and not exceeded by more than a hundred in even the 3rd Class : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.M.G. ...100 members. 

and „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.2LG. ...3 00 

3rd ,, Companions The letters CM. G. ...600 ,, 

The Foreign Office may designate 30 of the 1st Class, 90 of the and, and iSo of the 3rd. 

The Most Eminent Osdee op the Indian Empiee. — The Order so entitled was 
instituted by her late Majesty on January 1, 1878, and for the purpose of commemorating 

#her proclamation in the previous year as Empress of India. It is awarded for a 
like purpose with the Order of the Star of India, though inferior to it in rank. In 
1886 it was enlarged, and again at the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. It now con- 
g.c.i.e. sist3 of the Sovereign, the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members 
Badge. f the Royal Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there 
exists the special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions 
ex officio. Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Classes were added 
in that year. Its officers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations are the Badge, Star, 
Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an open 
red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto ' ' Imperatricis 
auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria Impera- 
trix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar but 
larger crown in the Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the 
Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
gold and silver rayc ; for the Second Class these rays are ail silver. The Collar, worn by the 
First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c, Companions 
attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
the Star. On the death of a G.C.I. E. orK.C.I.E. the insignia must be returned to 
St. James's Palace; but those of a CLE. may be retained by relatives. Designations, 
with limits (ex- Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

1st Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.G.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A. B., KG. I.E. ...92 „ 

3rd ,, Companions The letters CLE. ...unlimited. 

The OLE. appointments each year are limited to 20 (40 in 1903) + vacancies through promotion (not death). 
The Royal Victokian Op.dek.— This last of our Orders of Knighthood, which dates 
only from 1896, was designed as a recognition of personal services to Queen Victoria, 
but since her decease it has been enormously increased in numbers, and 
additions, in fact, are now made to it every few days. It comprises no fewer 
than five Classes, of which the 1st is to take precedence after G.C.I.E., the 2nd 
after K.C.I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelor, the 4th after CLE., and 
GC ' 0, the 5th after I.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., styled 

# "Commander," is superior to a C.B. (at first he was superior even to a 
Knight Bachelor). Higher than all these classes there is the Victorian 
Chain, which is regularly restricted to the Royal Family and its connec- 
k.c.v.o. tions abroad, but is also held by the Dukes of Argyll and Fife, the Marquess 
of Lansdowne, and Lord Curzon of Kedleston. The numerous foreign members 
are Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on June 20, the day of her 
la,te Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and the Secretary, who are 
respectively the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Keeper of the Privy 
Purse for the time being. The decorations are the Badge, Star, and Ribbon. The 
Badge, for the 1st Class, is a white enamelled Maltese Cross, with a crimson oval 
in the centre containing the royal and imperial cipher and the name "Victoria," all 
in gold letters, the name being surrounded by a blue circle surmounted by a crown ; 
for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but smaller, and for the 4th smaller still ; for 
the 5th it is the size of the 4th, but with the cross in frosted silver instead of white 
enamel, The Star for the 1st Class is silver chipped, with eight points, and having 

Companionage and Decorations. 

a smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 2nd Class it is in the form of a 
Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having the reproduced Badge in 
frosted silver instead of enamel : it is not worn by the three lower Classes. The Bibbon 
is of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes — red, white, and red again ; f or 
the ist Class it is 3§ ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder to below the left 
arm, having the Badge suspended to it ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is if ins. broad 
and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is i£ ins. broad and attached to the 
left breast. The insignia of a holder of this Order may be retained by relatives after 
his death ; but those of a lower Class must be returned to the Privy Purse Office upon 
his promotion to a higher. The numbers of all the Classes are unlimited, and the 
following are the designations: 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.V.O. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., KC.V.O. 

3rd Commanders The letters C.V.O. 

4th ,, Members 4th Class ) m.„ . , , „ M17n 

Sth Members 5th Class \ The letters M ' V0 « 

The Royal Hanoveeian Guelphio Oeder.— This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto " Nec aspera terrent " (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.C.H. (Knight Grand CrosB of Hanover)— H.R.H. the Duke of Cumherland. 
K.G.U- (Knight Commander of Hanover— last. Sir Woodbine Parish, who died iSSi). 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover— corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir"). 
Baron von Pawel-Rammingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country. 

Knights Bacheloe.— In strict terms these do not constitute an " Order," though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 
have mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 

Jill' Knights were known simply as "Knights, " or Equites Aurati ; it must be added 

e ^?* that "Bachelors" (Milites Bacchilarii) were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modern "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of "bas chevalier," as implying a lower 
rank of Knights than those who received the honour under the royal banner; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by J ames the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at his own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have." A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! 

A few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal system, 
and the possession of a Knight's fee (a stated piece of land worth about £20 in the 13th 
century) gave not only a claim to but an enforcement of the title. Still, though it might 
be a burden it was an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts 
the honour was degraded as above, whilst the ancient requirement to provide troops for the 
King was maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from the promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ^100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the 12th of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished — the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for which they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1.904 the fees on the letters patent (^50) and on the warrant for th© 
same {£io) were wholly abolished. 

70 Introduction. 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
" Knight "or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 66) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming an Order. An effort has however been started (1908) towards elevating 
the position of this knighthood, a voluntary association having been formed under the 
title of the Society of Knights Bachelor, the primary object of which is to obtain the 
uniform registration of every created Knight. Sir William Bull has acted as registrar, 
and other officers are meant to be appointed in due time. The Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland can create Knights Bachelor. The Knights are rapidly enrolling themselves. 

Okdek of Merit. — King Edward in June 1902 instituted this Order, which ac 
present occupies a very anomalous position, conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
ship of the Order of the Bath (from G.O.B. to C.B.). It is designed as a 
special distinction for men eminent in any department whatever — war, science, 
literature, or art — without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens 
that of the twelve originally appointed, all but one were either a Beer, Knight, 
or Privy Councillor. The Order is limited in numbers to 24, with the addition 
of foreign Honorary Members, and its only Officer is the Secretary and Regis- 
trar, who is the Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department for the 
time being. The Badge is a species of cross of red and blue enamel, and its 
inner portion bears the words "For Merit" in gold letters within a laurel 
wreath, the reverse containing the royal and imperial cipher : in the cases of 
naval and military men two silver swords with gilt hilts are added, as shown 
o.m. viv. in the cut. The whole is attached to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended 
by a broad ribbon of Garter-blue and crimson, and worn from the neck. The Secretary's 
badge has the subbtitution of two silver pens in the place of the swords. After death 
of a member the insignia may be retained by relatives. The Order has an anniversary 
day fixed for June 26 (that intended for the Coronation). Its designation is the 
letters O.M. 

The Distinguished Service Order. — In this also and some following Orders we may 
be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members being Companions only. The 
-» present Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian, 
the sequence of Companions &c. thus becoming — C.V.O., C.B., C.S.L, C.M.G., 
CLE., M.V.O. 4th Class, D.S.O., I.S.O., M.V.O. 5th Class. The Order 
under notice was instituted by her late Majesty in 1886, its purpose being the 
recognition of special services of commissioned officers in the Army and Navy. The 
Sovereign is at its head and its numbers are unlimited (now about 1650). Its Badge is 
a gold cross enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown surrounded by a 
wreath of laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground) ; on the reverse side 
there is now the cipher ER VII within a similar wreath : this is worn attached to the 
left breast by a red ribbon edged blue. Designation, the letters D.S.O. 

Imperial Service Order. — King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902, insti- 
tuted this Order. It is restricted to members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) 
branches of the Civil Service, and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, and Companions (not exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 425, 
of whom 250 may belong to the Home Services and 175 to the Colonial. Those 
of the former class must, as a rule, have rendered 25 years of meritorious 
service, and those of the latter 16 ; but these rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even 
subject to alteration. Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled Secretary and 
Registrar. The Badge is a medallion to bo worn on the left breast, bearing on one side 
the royal cipher, and on the other the words, "For Faithful Service," the lettering 
being m dark blue enamel upon a shield of gold girt with a laurel wreath and sur- 
mounted by a crown : the ribbon 1}- ins. broad with a stripe of blue between two of 
crimson (by females fashioned into a bow and worn on left shoulder). (The minor 
honour of the Imperial Service Medal, like the above, but of silver, is announced 
as designed for award to those who have served the full terms without displaying 
any particular merit.) Designation, the letters I.S.O. By a Warrant issued December 
11, 1906, this Order confers precedence next after the preceding, but all those that 
follow are honours only and give no rank. 

■ Decorations. 7 1 

The Royal Okder op Victoria and Albert (for Ladies). — Instituted in 1862, and 
enlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880, but no fresh conferments are now made. It comprises 
Her Majesty Queen Alexandra and four Classes, of which the First consists of Princesses 
of the Royal Family with some foreign Queens, the Second of Royal ladies less near to 
our Royal Family, and the Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility. Badge, 
1 in the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, differing 
in the width and jewelling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the fourth 
substitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
which is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. Designation, the letters V.A. 

Tiie Imperial Order op the Crown op India (for Ladies).— Instituted Jan. 1, 1878, 
and for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. It 
consists of her present Majesty with some Royal Princesses, and the female relatives of 
Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection with India. 
Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an Heraldic Crown 
and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. Designation, the 
letters C.I. No conferment has been made since 1900. 

The Order op St. John of Jerusalem. — Though - staining " Knights of Justice " 
and " of Grace," this Order is no more than an horn i^ry title. Its Maltese prototype 
arose in tho century of the Norman Conquest, and by about 1100 it was established in 
England, making its headquarters the Priory of St. John in Clerkenwell, of which the 
ancient gateway still remains ; the Sisters of the Order were located at Bucklands in 
Somersetshire. It began as a voluntary confraternity for the relief of pilgrims to 
Jerusalem, and a similar object has all along been kept before it, its present English 
namesake having offshoots such as the St. John Ambulance Association and the British 
Ophthalmic Hospital at Jerusalem. A charter was granted to the British Order by Queen 
Victoria in 1888, its full tit]e being therein given as "The Grand Priory of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England." Besides the above Knights it possesses 
Ladies of Justice and of Grace, as well as Chaplains and Esquires ; and for officials it 
has its Grand Prior and Sub-Prior, Bailiff of Egle, and a long string besides. Its 
Badge is a Maltese Cross deeply cleft, with alternately a lion and a unicorn between 
the branches ; it is of gold or silver according to the grade, and is worn suspended from 
a black watered silk ribbon. Its medal, with a device like that of the Badge upon one 
side and a sprig of St. John's wort upon the other, is conferred for acts of gallantry 
involving risk of life. The fraternity may be described as a Protestant analogue to the 
Roman Catholic Order known as " The Knights of Malta" (hence the Maltese Cross), 
it having long settled in that island after migrating from Jerusalem to Acre and thence 
to Rhodes ; but the two are absolutely unconnected. 

Military Knights of Windsor.— A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, are granted a pension ranging from ^50 to ^130 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, conferte no more of a title than does a suite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
Up till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
the will of S. Travers, Esq. ), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
amounts to £75 a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from 1349, 
having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
constituted " The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter " as it then was, and they 
continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
the Sovereign in his capacity as head of that Order. Till 1906 they formed part of an 
ecclesiastical college under its Registrar, the Dean of Windsor, but the control is now 
transferred to the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Castle, whilst the Governor of 
the Order is now a superior officer, not one of the Knights. Their pay comes from the 
revenues of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every K.G. has upon appoint- 
ment to contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that 
of the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Fourth, who 
prefixed the word ' ' Military " to their title. Under Charles the First the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queen 
Elizabeth drew up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the year, and must attend St. George s Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides aeting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 



The Victoria Cross (^C) was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of conspicuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displayed by 
ggfr either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and file and 
j^^^a non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field-Marshals 
$pP*5 and Admirals of the Fleet, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers ; the Militia also are now included if they have 
been serving under regular officers. Conjoined with the decoration is the confer- 
ment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of ^10 per annum and an 
additional ^5 for each Bar, as immediately to be explained ; and what i3 still more, 
this £10 may be increased to ^50 (at the option of the Secretary for War or First 
Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. The Badge consists in a cross-patte*e of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion above it, and a scroll below bearing the words 
" For Valcur." _ Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed > to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 
ribbon is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The cross is usually styled 
" Maltese," but this cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the ends 
as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St. George, and the Royal 
Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never cloven 
at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
j as from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

_ The Territorial Decoration, established in 1908, consists of a silver oak-wreath 
tied with gold and having the Royal Cipher and Crown in the centre, the whole 
suspended on the left breast from a silver oak bar-brooch by a green ribbon with a 
yellow stripe. _ It is restricted to commissioned officers of twenty years' good service 
in the Territorial Force, and not holders of the Volunteer Decoration. 

The Conspicuous' Service Cross (C.S.G.), instituted by King Edward in 1901, is also 
a decoration in reward of "distinguished service before the enemy," but is specially 
designed for bestowal on W arrant Officers and subordinate officers in the Fleet who do 
not hold commissions in the Navy. It consists of a silver cross with the reverse side 
plain, but on the obverse the cipher ERI surmounted by an Imperial Crown. 

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which was very extensively awarded after the 
South African War, is a like decoration, designed for warrant and non-commissioned 
officers and men. Its equivalent in the Navj*- is termed the Conspicuous Gallantry 

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) is an honour for rewarding the 
meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must be or have been in 
commission and have served twenty years, though a provision is made allowing half the 
time spent in other military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 
Gazette. _ The Badge is an oak wreath in silver with the cipher ER and an Heraldic 
Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a 
silver oak bar-brooch. 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry in Saving 
Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
now two Classes, the Badge of the otie having a golden centre with a bronze garter 
around it, that of the other being wholly in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an 
Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which in the Sea Division an anchor is added. 
The suspending ribbon in this Division is of dark blue, with four white stripes in the 
First Class and two in the Second ; in the Land Division it is crimson with similar 
white stripes. An added Bar records an additional act of gallantry. — Another 
"Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, is given by the Society of Arts. 

The Royal Red Cross (E.E.C.— for Ladies), founded 1883, is a distinction conferred 
upon ladies of any rank or position, whether subjects or foreigners, who may be brought 
to the Sovereign's notice for acts of mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of 
war. It has the Queen and several Royal Brincesses at its head. Badge, a cross-pattee 
enamelled crimson which has hitherto borne her late Majesty's effigy in the centre on 
I one side, on the reverse the cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words 

Native Eastern Names and Titles. 


I Faith," " Hope," " Charity," " 1883." The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied in a 
bow and worn on the left shoulder. r 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the First 
Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 
State for India ; the Second as the grant of the Governor-General. The medal is an 
oval -shaped badge — in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second — with the 
Royal cipher on one Bide, and on the reverse side the words " Kaisar-i-Hind — for 
Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blue ribbon. 
Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Indian Distinguished Seevice Medal was established in 1907 as a reward for 
commissioned or non-commissioned officers of the regular or other forces employed in 
India. It is a silver medal with the King's effigy on one side and on the obverse a 
laurel wreath with the words "For Distinguished Service." It is to bo worn on the left 
breast by a red ribbon edged with blue. It may be conferred also by the Viceroy 
of India. 

The Edward Medal, also established in 1907, is a recognition of heroic acts performed 
by minors and quarrymen, or of others who have endangered their lives in rescuing 
those so employed. It has the King's effigy on one side, and on the other a design 
representing the rescue of a miner, with the inscription "For Courage." For the 
First Class it is of silver, for the Second of bronze ; the ribbon of dark blue with a 
yellow stripe on each side. It may be awarded to a woman. 

The Order of Mercy (both sexes) was established in 1899 (now with the King as 
its Sovereign), in connection with tho League of Mercy, an institution also founded in 
1899 by Royal Charter to promote the welfare of Hospitals by obtaining small sub- 
scriptions for King Edward's Hospital Fund for London, &c. The Order, which has 
been awarded to a number of officers and members of the League, is conferred by the 
King as a reward for personal services only, which must have been gratuitously ren- } 
dered in connection with tho relief of sickness, suffering, poverty, or distress. 
It consists of a red cross surmounted by the Prince, of Wales's feathers, and having 
in the centre a group of figures representing " Charity," by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The 
Prince and Princess of Wales are the Grand President and Lady Grand President of 
both League and Order ; the Hon. Secretaries are Lord Wolverton, Sir William J. 
Collins, M.D., M.P., and Mr. J. Harrison, M.V.O. ; and the Treasurer is Sir Henry 
Burdett, K.O.B. Mr. E. W. Wallington, C.M.G., is Hon. Registrar of the Order, 
and the Secretary is Mr. Harold E. Beaumont. 



The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders it 
desirable that some explanation of their titles as well as of their immes should be 
supplied to English readers. For that which we her-e present, as also for a considerable 
amount of rearrangement in the Directory, we are indebted in the first place to 
Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffield, but formerly of Calcutta. Their 
generous help has been supplemented and greatly extended by the kindness of Maj.-Gen. 
Sir Owen T. Burne, G.C.I.E. ; and for some additions we are indebted to Sir Roper 
Lethbridge's admirable compilation ' The Golden Book of India.' 

Taking up the names first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unfrequently a man has to be 
entered under the first of his names, be it "Christian" name or not. "In Bengal," 
says our informant, " a Hindu generally has three names, just as the old Roman had 
his pretnemen, ncmcn, and cognomen. Ihe first would be the personal name (' Christian' 
name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." Thus the 
order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, " Marcus Tulli us Cicero " 
has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of the 
Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 
"eome seeming to have no family name at all, as Khadia Bux — 'the gift of God ;'" 



to which may be appended the range of variations from the lengthy ' Abdul Fayal 
Muhammad Abdur Rahman " to the single name " Buddhu." 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multiplicity. Here again we 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 
medans, the highest in rank with the former being Maharaja and with the latter Nawab, 
with the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Some titles are 
hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those nominally such (and of these there are 
no less than some 620) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by our 
Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary. It must be added 
that though caste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with 
the titles. Amir, Khan, &c, are confusingly used as both titles and names. 

Ahluwalia— Prince, head of a princely family. 
Akhundzada — son of a head officer. 

Amir (corruptly Emir)— a, Mohammedan Chief, a man of high rank ; also often a personal name. 
Baba or Bahu— lit. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Bahadur— lit. " noble," or " warrior : " a title much valued by Mohammedans and often bestowed by 
Government ; added to other titles it = "Hon.," but if alone it may designate a petty rider. 
Bakhshi—a, Revenue Officer or Magistrate. 

Begum — feminine of "Nawab," combined as " Nawab Begum " in Bhopal. 
Besar — understood to mean a large land-owner. 
Bhup—SL sovereign or king (used iu one locality only). 
Chhatrapati — implying one who has an umbrella carried over him. 
Dada — lit. " grandfather " (paternal) : any venerable person. 
Deb — a Brahminical priestly title ; it is the name of a divinity. 

Dhiraj — "Lord of the Lands " (comp. " Besar ") ; added to Raja it means " paramount." 

Diwan — a First Minister to a native Mohammedan prince, a Vizier ; also a Council of State. 

Gaekwar or Guicowar — title of the ruler of Baroda, with "Maharaja" added (Hindu); it was once a 

caste name, and means " cowherd," implying, the protector of the sacred animal. 
Kazi — a Judge. 

Khan — orig. the ruler of a small Mohammedan State, now a prized but nearly empty title, and very 

commonly used as a name, especially as an adjunct to Afghan or Pathan names. 
Kunwar or Kumar — heir to a title, son of a Raja. 

Lokindra — " Protector of the World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Duttia. 

Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hindus, or else a personal distinction con- 
ferred by Government. Maharaj Dhiraj, Lord Paramount; Maharana and Maharao are 
merely variants of Maharaja, of which Maharani is the feminine (maha = great). 

Mian — like the Scottish "Master" (son of a Rajput Prince). 

Mir — a chief or leader, an inferior title which, like " Khan, has grown into a name. 
Mirza — if prefixed, "Mr. ; " if following, " Prince." Moulvi — a learned man or teacher. 

Mudeliar — "Steward of theLands." Mumtaz-ud-Daula— distinguished in the State. Myowun — "Mr." 
Nawab— orig. a Viceroy under the Mogul Government ; the title of a Mohammedan prince, inferior 

only to " Nizam ; " also a Government bestowal on men of high rank. 
Nizam— the title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the leading Mohammedan prince in India. 
Pandit or Pundit— & learned man. 

Raja— a Prince, a title given largely to Hindus of rank, similar to "Maharaja" but lower. It has 
the similar variations Raj, Rana, and Rao, also the feminine Rani (Princess or Queen). 

Saheb— the native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
"Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb," but in addressing it would be " Saheb," 
fern. " Saheba," without the name); occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master). The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

Sahibzada — son of a person of consequence. 

Said, Sayid, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, tf^cZ— various forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 

male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 
Sawai — a Hindu title implying a slight distinction (lit. one-fourth better than others). 
Sawbwa — a chief. Shahzada — son of a Prince. 

Sirdar (properly Sardar)—& leading Government official entrusted with either the civil or military or 
both departments of the State ; a cliief or head man, or even a Grand Vizier. 

Sri or Shri — lit. fortune, wealth : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person whom they 
regard with special respect (never addressed to him) ; used also of divinities. The two forms 
of spelling are occasioned by the intermediate sound of the s (that of s in the German StaJt). 

Sultan — Prince. Talpur— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

Thakur— an equivalent to " Raja," and also Hindu ; used locally in Central and N.W. India. 

Zemindar— & landowner. 


Most of the following have been kindly supplied us by the Earl of Cromer 5 
Emir— like " Amir " of previous list. FeHk— a Vice^- Admiral. 

Ghaly—a. word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in " Boutros Ghaly Pacha." 
K aid— used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province. 
Mudir— a Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 
Taver— an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Yaver Pacha." 

Officers of Arms. 



The English College of Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate body originally- 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are appointed on the nomination of the 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remuneration, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive from 
private practice, though one Herald and one Pursuivant are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they are in no degree 
connected with either the Earl Marshal or Garter. The duty of the various Offices is 
to attend to all matters of pedigrees, honours, and precedence ; and to arrange all state 
ceremonies in their respective countries. The rank of the three English Kings remains 
invariably in the order given below, but that of the Heralds and Pursuivants changes 
with personal seniority. 

The three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in the 
tabard or sleeveless coat — that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arms are 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak-leaves, and they 
wear gold collars of SS., which perhaps means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, one of the 
Kings tells us, is "hotly controverted " (the term occurs in Shakespeare's ' Henry VIII.,' 
Act iv., Scene i.) ; they are assigned official arms to impale with their own (for Garter 
see further under that Order). The Heralds have similar collars, but of silver ; their 
designation is solely in connection with "heraldry," the trumpeters attending them 
upon state ceremonies whenever the more ordinary function of a "herald" has to be 

List of Kings of Aems. 
(For names see below). 
Garter— Principal King for England. 

Olarenceux— for England E., W., & S. of the Trent. 
Norroy—iov England North of the Trent, 
Lyon — for Scotland. 
Ulster— ion: Ireland. 
College of Arms, (Aueen Victoria St., E.C. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms. 
Garter— Sir Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty, C.V.O., 

Olarenceux— George Edwd. Cokayne, Esq., M.A., 

E. S.A. 

Korroy— "William Henry Weldon, Esq., C.V.O., 

F. S.A. 

Chester— Henry Murray Lane, Esq. 
Lancaster— Edward Bellasis, Esq. 
Somerset— Henry Farnham Burke, Esq., C.V.O., 

F.S.A. {Registrar). 
Richmond— Chas. Harold Athill, Esq., F.S.A. 
Windsor— "VVm. Alex. Lindsay, Esq., K.C., M.A., 


York— Gordon Ambrose De Lisle Lee, Esq. 

Rouge Dragon — Everard Green, Esq., F.S.A. 
Portcullis— Thos. Morgan Joseph -Watkin, Esq., 

B.A., F.S.A. 
Rouge Croix—Arthur Wm. Steuart Cochrane, 


Bluemantle— Gerald "Woods "Wollaston, Esq., 

Earl Marshal's Sec,, W, H. Weldon, Esq., 
C.V.O. {Norroy King of Arms). 

Regist., H. F. Burke, Esq., C.V.O. {Somerset 
Herald) . 

Lyon Court, General Begister House, Edinburgh. 

King of Arms. 
Lyon— Sir James Balfour Paul, F.S.A.Scot. 

Albany— Eobert Spence Livingstone, Esq. 
Ross— Andrew Eoss, Esq., Supr. Ct. 
Rothesay— Francis Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. 

Scot. {Lyon Clerk). 

Carrich— William Bae Macdonald, Esq., F.S.A. 

Scot. , Fell, of Fac. of Actuaries. 
March— Capt. Geo. Sitwell Campbell-Swinton, 

F.S.A. Scot. 

Unicorn— John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot. 
Lyon Clerk and Keeper of Records— Francis 

Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A.Scot. 
Procurator Fiscal — David Scott-Moncrieff, 

Esq., W.S. 
Herald Painter — Graham Johnston, Esq. 
Ilacer— Eobt. Gardiner, Esq. 

Office of Arms, Eecord Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms. 
Ulster— Capt. Nevile E. Wilkinson, 

Dublin— Guillamore O'Grady, Esq, 
Cork— Peirce G. Mahony, Esq. 

Athlone— Geo. Dawes Burtchsell, Esc£. 

7 6 



The relative positions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this we meet with a statute passed under 
Hepry the Seventh, and a more important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
which has since been looked upon as the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, among them being Colonial Governors, 
military and naval commanders, the sons of Peers' eldest sons, and (till end of 1905) the 
office of Prime Minister : the Chancellor of the Exchequer is still unrecognised, as are 
Secretaries of State who hold higher rank than that of Barons. Hereditary precedence 
as a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
offspring. Men possessing two claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher : yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Barony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks to that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it will 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of his predecessor, as they themselves will 
have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official — as that of the 
Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session — confers no precedence whatever upon 
the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as only one degree lower than the 
vounger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers &ny precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the B,oyal Family, whilst Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, 1 Burke ' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marquesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of seniority of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 

Table of General Precedence — Men. 

The Sovereign. 
The Frince of Wales. 
Sovereign's grandsons. 
Sovereign's brothers. 
Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nephews. 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor. 
Archbishop of York. 
Prime Minister. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Lord President of the Council, 
liord Privy Seal. 
Five following State Officers if Dukes : 
1, Lord Great Chamberlain, when on duty ; Earl 
Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 
of Household ; 5, Master of the Horse. 
Dukes of England in order of dates of their patents. 
Dukes of Scotland. 
Dukes of Great Britain. 
Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 
Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 
Eldest Rons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Five State Officers as above if Marquesses. 
Marquesses of England &c, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Five State officers as above, if Earls. 
Earls, in same order as Dukes. 
Younger sou6 of Dukes of the Blood Koyal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Five State officers as above, if Viscounts. 
Viscounts, in same order as Dukes. 
Larls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester 

(in that order). 
Other English Bishops, in order of consecration. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Five above Officers of State, if Barons. 
Secretaries of State and Irish Secretary, if Barons 
(Order— Home, Foreign, Colonial, War, India, Irish). 
Barons, in same order as Dukes. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Treasurer of the Household. 
Comptroller of the Household. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State &c, below rank of Barons. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter if Commoners. 
Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of England. 
Master of the Rolls. 
Lord Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 
Judges of the High Court of Justice. 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Baronets of either Kingdom (concurrently). 
Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the Indian Empire. 
Knights Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order. 
Knights Commanders of the above five Orders, 
in same sequence. 
Knight Bachelors. 
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Judges of County Courts and of City of Lond. Ct. 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Companions of first four of the above five Orders, in 
same sequence. 
Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 
Companions of the Imperial Service Order. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peors. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Eldest eons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 
Members (Class 5) of the Royal Victorian Order. 

Baroneta' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 



In various classes, such as the Clergy, the Bar, and the Military, there are rules of 
precedence observed amongst themselves^ but which confer no general rank whatever. 
In University Precedence we have Doctors (iri the order — D.D., D.C.L. or LL.T>.. 
M.D., Mus, D., D. Litt., D. Sc.), Bachelors of the same faculties, then Masters of 
Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative Banks of Army and Navy, see the 
Almanack. The order of Legal Precedence (apart from those highest officials given 
under the general list above) is as follows after " Judges of the High Court : " 

Judge Advocate-General. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland. 
King's Counsel. 
Recorder of London. 
Common Serjeant of London. 
Attorney-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 

Masters in Chancery 
Masters in Lunacy. 
Doctors of Civil Law. 
Barristers v.ith pateirls of precedence 
Other Barristers. 
King's Remembrancer. 

Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Bishops 

Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic. 
Bishop of Sodor and Man. 
Scottish Bishops. 
Colonial Bishops. 
Bishops Suffragan, Retired, Assistant, and 
Missionary Bishops. 

Rectors of degree D.D. 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 

Precedence among Ladies. 

As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if married and of i 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon \ 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading " Nomenclature of j 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- j 
ticular, we may here repeat that whilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a j 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Lord, the j 
married daughter of a Peer may either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to | 
her former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 
so styled, see page 76) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. The mere official rank of the husband as a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The following is the order observed : 

The Queen. 
The Princess of Wales. 
Sovereign's daughters. 
Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 
Daughters of Sovereign's sons. 
Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 
Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 
Sovereign's nieces. 
Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 
Daughters of the Princess Royal, then of other Princesses 
Duchesses (m order of Dukes). 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 
Daughters of Dukos. 

Wives of jounger sons of Dukes of the Blocd Royal. 
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses. 
Daughters of Marquesses. 
Wives of younger sons of Dukes. 
Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 
Daughters of Earls. 
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses. 

Wires of eldest sor:s of Viscounts. 

Daughters of Viscounts. 
Wives of ycuuger sons of Earls. 
Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 
Daughters of Earons. 
Maids of Honour. 
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts. 
Wives of younger sons of Barons. 
Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Feers. 

Wives of Baronets. 
Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 
Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Older. 
Wives of Companions. 
Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. Viet. Order. 
Wives of Companions of the Dist. Serv. Order. 
Wives of Companions of the Imper. Serv. Order. 
Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 
Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 
Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 
Wives of Members (5th Class) Roy. Vict, Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 
Wives of younger sons of Peers' youBger sons. 
Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 
Wives of younger sons of Knights. 
Vv ives of Esquires. 
Wives of Gentlemen. 

7 8 


Local Precedence. 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
rank in a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
the City of London the order is— Lord Mayor (on City state occasions he ranks next 
to the Sovereign j in the County of London the Duke of Fife, as Lord Lieutenant, 
would have pre-eminence), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the 
Chair, Sheriffs, Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Remem- 
brancer (no position is yet assigned to the new office of Lieutenant, of which there are 
not far short of four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor 
first unless there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At 
Oxford and Cambridge the Sheriff takes precedence of the Vice- Chancellor. 

Precedence in Scotland. 

Earls' eldest sons. 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord Iligh Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly 
(while that Assembly is sittina). 
The Duke of Rothesay (Pr. of Wales). 
Younger sons of the Sovereign. 
Grandsons, brothers, uncles, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 
Lords Lieutenant of Counties, Lord Provosts of Cities, 
and Sheriffs Principal (successively— within then- 
own localities and during holding of office). 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if Peers). 
Hereditary High Constable. 
Hereditary Master of the Household. 
Lukes (successively) of England, Scotland, Gc. Britain, 

" lCll 

and United Kingdom (including Ireland since date of 

Eldest sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 
Earls, in order as Dukes, 
lounger sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 
(successively— if not Peers). 
Lord Justice-General. 
Lord Clerk-Register. 

Lord Advocate. 
Lord Justice-Clerk. 
Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 

Precedence in Ireland, 

The Sovereign. 
The Lord Lieutenant. 
The Prince of Wales. 
Grandsons, brothers, and nephews (successively), 
of the Sovereign. 
Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 
Archbishop of York. 
Archbishop of Armagh. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. 
Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 
together with Moderator Gen. Assernb. Presb. 
Ch. in Ireland. 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 
Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. 

Lord Privy Seal. 
Lord Great Chamberlain and the other four 
State Officers 
(varied by rank as in England, 
as is the following). 
The Lord High Steward (Hered. Seneschal) of Ireland. 
Dukes, in same order as in England. 
Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 
Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 
Dukes' eldest sons. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood RoyaL 
Marquesses' eldest sons. 
Dukes' younger sons. 
Earls' eldest sons. 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
English Bishops as in England. 
Bishop of Meath. 
Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic 
Secretaries of State, if Barons. 
Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 

Marquesses' younger sons. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter. 
Privy Councillors not included in above rank3. 
Senators of Coll. of Justice (Lords of Session). 
Viscounts' younger sons. 
Barons' younger sons. 
Sons of Life Peers. 
Knights of the Thistle. 
Knights of St. Patrick. 
Knights of other Orders as in England. 
Solicitor-General for Scotland. 
Lyon King of Arms. 
Sheriffs Principal. 
Knights Bachelor. 
Sheriffs Substitute. 
Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons successively (from Garter to 

Members of Class 5 of Royal Victorian Order. 
Baronets' youuger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
King's Counsel. 


Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Commissioners of the Gt. Seal of England. 
Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 
Secretaries of State &c. if lower than a Baron (see 
General Table for order). 
Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 
Viscounts' eldest sons. 
Earls' younger sons. 
Barons' eldest sons. 
Knights of the Garter.Thistle.and St. Patrick (this order). 
Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 
Master of the Rolls. 
Lord Chief Baron of Exchequer. 
Lords Justice of Appeal. 
Judges of High Court, Pres. of Probate Divn., Judicial 
Coimnissrs., and Land Judges, all ranking among them- 

[After this, as in England, from Viscts.' younger sons 
to Knights Bachelor.] 

Attorney-Gen. of Ireld. if not a Privy Councillor. 
Solicitor-General of Ireland. 
Judges of Court of Bankruptcy. 
J udges of County Courts. 
Companions of Orders as in England. 
Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 
Baronets' eldest sons. 
Knights' eldest sons. 
Baronets' younger sons. 
Knights' younger sons. 
Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Provost of Trinity College. 

Official Glossary. 



Under this heading we are 1 presenting a series of brief, explanatory notes upon such 
Public Establishments, Services, Offices) Observances, &c, as are not stipplied in other 
portions of the Introduction. Necessarily this orowding of so wide a field into so 
narrow a compass must render the information, extremely meagre* often also 
extremely common-place. The subjects afford obvious scope for a huge volume by 
themselves, and that very fact must form an excuse for our treating them thus 
scantily or not at all. The notices given are intended for the amateur, and in 
particular the statements in respect of Naval and Military topics must seek pardon 
as provided for the "mere civilian." 

Adjutant.— An assistant to the Commander of a Regiment. The Adjutant-General 
has the oversight of discipline and training for the entire Army, and has his local or 
divisional subordinates, termed respectively Deputy Adjutant- General, Assistant Adju- 
tant-General, and Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Admiralty. — By this body all Naval affairs are controlled, except of course the duties 
of active service. Formerly they were the concern of the Lord High Admiral, but that 
office has been practically extinct from 1708, its functions being now entrusted to a 
group of high officials termed Lords Commissioners, or more commonly Lords of the 
Admiralty. At their head is the First Lord, who is invariably a member of the 
Cabinet, whilst the five that follow are also part of the Ministry of the day. These 
five are known as the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Sea Lords, and the Civil Lord — 
the Third of these being also styled the Controller, whilst the Fourth must without 
exception be a Naval Officer. The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary is likewise 
in the Ministry, and there are also a Permanent Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, the 
Hydrographer, the Admiral Superintendent of Contract-built Ships, the Director- 
General of the Medical Department, the Engineer-in-Chief (with Deputy and 
Assistants), the Superintending Electrical Engineers, and the Directors of Naval 
Intelligence, of Naval Construction (with Assistants and Superintendents of Accounts 
and of Experiments), of Dockyards (with Superintendents), of Stores, of Naval Ordnance 
(with Superintendents &c), of Victualling, of Transports, of Works (with Assistants 
and Chief Surveyor), of Navj' Contracts (with Assistant), of Naval Education, and of 
Greenwich Hospital ; then the Paymaster-in-Chief, the Accountant-General (with 
Deputy), the Chaplain of the Fleet, the Astronomer Royal and the Astronomer at the 
Cape, the Superintendent of the Nautical Almanac, and those important functionaries, 
the Naval Attaches at Foreign Courts. In addition to all these leading officials there 
are a vast number of Superintendents, Inspectors, Constructors, and other Assistants. 
For the Active Service see "Navy." 

Admiralty Court. — This is linked with the Probate and Divorce Division of the 
High Court of Justice. There is also an Admiralty Court for Ireland, each having its 
own Judge and other officials, including a King's Proctor and in Ireland a King's Advocate. 

Agents-General in London for the Colonies.— There are nine of these officials, 
each representing a self-governing Colony, also High Commissioners for the Dominions 
of Canada and New Zealand. The Crown Colonies (see "Colonies, Sec. for") are 
represented by Crown Agents ; India by its own Secretary of State. 

Agriculture and Fisheries, Board of.— This Government Department was estab- 
lished only in 1889 (the extension to Fisheries not being made till 1903), when those 
duties of the Privy Council which had a bearing upon lands or animals or upon rivers or 
the sea were transferred to it, as also the control of the Ordnance Survey. Its principal 
officers are the President, Secretary, Legal Adviser, Chief Veterinary Officer, and the 
Director-General of the Ordnance Survey and Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens 
at Kew. 

Aides-de-Camp to the King. — These are both Naval and Military, the former hold- 
ing the rank of Captain (R.N.) and the latter that of Colonel (offices usually equal in 
rank) : they retire on attaining a higher promotion (called in the Navy "Flag Rank"). 
The Prince of Wales is a Personal A.D.C. both Naval and Military ; Prince Louis of 
Battenberg is a Personal Naval, and the Duke of Conn aught, Prince Arthur of 
Connaught, and Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein are Personal Military A.D.C. 's. 
There are also a First and Principal Naval A.D.C. and Marine A.D.C. 's. General 
Officers in the Army have also their special A.D.C.'s, who usually are Captains. 



Almoner.— See "Grand Almoner." 

Ambassadors. — The representatives from England to the leading Foreign Powers, as 
well as from those Powers to England. They now include France, Germany, Russia, 
Italy, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, United States, Spain, and Japan. Their official 
residences are known as Embassies. The representatives to or from second-rate Powers 
are variously termed Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary, and their 
residences are Legations. In the case of States of a still lower rank, or those not indepen- 
dent, we have the terms Ministers Resident, Consuls-General (sometimes with "and j 
Agents" added), Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Charges d? Affaires, their offices being 
Legations, Agencies, Consulates-General, Consulates, and Vice-Consulates. 

Arches, Court of. — The highest of the Ecclesiastical Courts, under attachment to 
the two Archbishoprics. It is presided over by the Dean of the Arches. 

Arms, College of. — See page 75. 

Army. — The British Army (for the complete Regiments, numbers, and pay of which 
see ' Whitaker's Almanack ') is made up of the following Troops : 

Regulars. — (I.) Cavalry: 1st and 2nd Life Guards and the Royal Horse Guards 
(together termed the Household Cavalry), then 7 Regiments of Dragoon Guards 
and 21 of Dragoons, Lancers, and Hussars intermixed but consecutively 
numbered. Cavalry Regiments are commanded by Lieut. -Colonels and divided 
into 3 Squadrons each, these latter being under the command of a Major. A 
Cavalry Brigade consists of 3 Regiments with some Horse Artillery and Mounted 
Engineers. — (II.) Artillery: The Royal Regiment of Artillery is- divided into! 
Horse, Field, and Mountain Batteries, with Garrison Companies and Ammunition j 
Columns. Batteries and Companies are commanded by Majors and grouped in 
Brigades, each under a Lieut. -Colonel. — (III.) Royal Engineers: These are com- 
posed of various technical units — Field Troops, Field Companies, Field Parks, j 
Field Depots, Fortress Companies, Railway Companies, Bridging Battalions, 
Pontoon Troops, Balloon Sections and Depots, Survey, Service, and Training j 
Battalions, Submarine Miners, and Telegraph Battalions. Special training is j 
required for entry into this service. — (I V.) Infantry : The Grenadier, Cold- 
stream, Scots, and Irish Guards, comprising in all 9 Battalions and called the 
Household Brigade ; also 69 Regiments of the Line, hitherto known as " Terri- 
torial" from their taking the names of their respective localities (formerly 
designated by numbers), having amongst them various Rifles and Fusiliers, and 
the Argyll and Sutherland, Cameron, Gordon, Royal, and Seaforth Highlanders 
Regiments are divided into Battalions, each commanded by a Lieut. -Colonel, and 
subdivided into 8 companies, each under the command of a Major or Captain. 
Battalions are organised for war into Brigades of 4 each, whilst 3 Infantry 
Brigades with a proportion of other Troops form a Division (see Additional Note, 
page 96).— (V.) Army Service Corps : Consists of Transport, Supply, and Service 
Companies.— (VI.) Hoy cd Army Medical Corps: Organised into Field Hospitals 
and Ambulances, and composing, with No. IX., the Army Medical Service. — 
(VII.) Army Ordnance Corps.— (VIII.) Army Accounts Department. — (IX.) Array 
Veterinary Corps. — (X.) Army Chaplains Department. 
Auxiliaries.— Hitherto we have designated these severally as the Militia, Imperial 
Yeomanry, Volunteers, and Reserves ; but under the reorganisations of 1908 these 
terms are largely, though not quite wholly, disappearing, and in their places we 
are now given the following. (I.) Special (and Extra Special) Reserves : Formed 
from the old Militia Corps, and consisting of Field and Garrison Artillery, 
Engineers, and Infantry, which would be mobilised in time of war to supplement 
the P.egular Army and to make good the incidence of wastage. Each Infantry 
Regiment of the Line has Special (or Extra Special) Reserve Battalions, which 
are numbered consecutively after its 2 or more Regular Battalions. — (II.) Terri- 
torial Force : Formed from the old Imperial Yeomanry and Volunteers, and com- 
prising Cavalry (Yeomanry), Artillery, Engineers, Infantry, Army Service Corps, 
and Medical Corps, with the Unattached List. The Infantry Battalions mostly 
are parts of the Line Regiments, and are numbered after the Regular and Reserve 
Battalions. This force is organised into higher units like the Regular Army, and 
is administered by County Associations. In case of war, actual or expected, it 
can be mobilised for service at home. The Hon. Artillery Company of London is 
now absorbed into the Territorial Artillery, but drops the words "of London" 
from its title. — (III.) As more strictly Auxiliaries, remnants of Militia, Imperial 
Yeomanry, and Volunteer Corps still figure in the Gazettes. 

Official Glossaiy. 


The Home Army is locally distributed in the following seven Commands, each of 
which, except the first, is subdivided into two Districts, and has its own General Officer 
Commanding-in-Chief, with Troops of the various Regiments and Services above, and 
in most cases one or more Detachments detailed for Coast Defences : 

Aldcrshot Command — parts of Hants., Berks., and Surrey. Headquarters, Aldershot. 
Scottish Command — Districts i & 2 (i, Northn. Cos. to as far S. as Bute, Renfrew, 
Dumbarton, Stirling, and Fife ; 2, Southn. Cos." extending N. to Lanark and 
the three Lothians). Headquarters, Edinburgh. 
Western Command — Districts 3 & 4 (3, Cumberld., Westmorld., Lanes., and I. of 
Man; 4, Chesh., Salop, Herefd., Monmth., and Wales). Headquarters, Chester. 
Northern Command — Districts 5 & 6 (5, Northumbd., Durham, and Yorks. ; 6, Lines., 

Notts., Rutland, Leic, Derby, and Stafford) Headquarters. York. 
Southern Command — Districts 7 & 8 (7, Warwick, Wore, Glos., Oxon, Berks., and 
Bucks. ; 8, Hants, and S.W. Cos. to Cornwall). Headquarters, Tidworth (near 

Eastern Command — Districts 9 & 10 (9, Northants., Hunts., Cambs,, Beds., Herts., 
Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex : 10, Middx., London S. of Thames, Surrey, Kent, 
and Sussex). Headquarters, London (Horse Guards). 
Irish Command— Districts 11 & 12 (11, Northn. & Eastn. Cos.; 1?, Southn. and 
Westn., the dividing line running S. of Cos. Fermanagh, Cavan, Louth, Dublin, 
Kildare, and Wicklow). Headquarters, Dublin. 
Also the London District (distinct from any Command) — Co. London N. of Thames. 
Headquarters, Horse Guards. 
The Troops in India consist of portions of the British Regular Army stationed there, 
and of Native Regular Regiments &c. ; in addition there are Volunteers (British or 
Eurasian), and some Imperial Service Troops, raised and maintained by the Indepen- 
dent Native States but trained by British Officers and placed at the disposal of the 
Imperial Government. The whole are organised in two great field force Commands, 
known respectively as the Northern and Southern Armies. 

In the Colonies and Dependencies, including the Channel Islands, there are (besides in 
some instances Regular British Troops) Colonial Forces of two kinds— (1) those raised 
and maintained at the Imperial expense ; (2) those wholly supplied by the Colonies 

The Commissioned Officers in our Army range down as — Field Marshals, Generals, 
Lieutenant-Generals, Major-Generals, Brigadier-Generals (usually a temporary appoint- 
ment), Colonels, Lieutenant-Colonels, Majors, Captains, Lieutenants, and Second 
Lieutenants (the ranks of Ensign and Cornet are abolished, except that the former is 
retained in the Royal Company of Archers); and in the Medical Service— Surgeons- 
General, followed by the regular titles from Colonels to Lieutenants (still often called 
Surgeon-Colonels &c). For the Non-commissioned and Warrant Officers we have — 
Sergeant-Majors, Colour Sergeants, Sergeants, and Corporals. Colonels, Lieutenant- 
Colonels, and Majors command Regiments and Battalions ; Captains and Lieutenants 
Companies. A Brigade-Major is either a Major or Captain on the Staff of a Brigade ; 
a Staff Captain is a Captain performing certain duties on the Staff ; a Lance Corporal 
(called in the Artillery a Bombardier) is a Private promoted on probation ; for Adjutant, 
Commissary, and Quartermaster, as also Aide-de-Camp, Colonel Commandant, and 
Honorary Colonel (Captain, or other Officer), see those separate articles. The 
Military term "Brevet" denotes promotion to a higher rank in the Army, though not 
to such in the Officer's own Regiment or Corps. Brevet rank is given as a reward 
for special services, usually in the field. An Officer is said to be "seconded" (pro- 
nounced secun'ded) from his Regiment when holding a Staff or other extra-regimental 
appointment which necessitates the promotion of another Officer to perform the duties 
he has vacated. 

Army Council.— A group in the Ministry created in 1904 and holding transfer of 
the powers and functions previously possessed by the Secretary for War and the 
Commander-in-Chief. The Secretary is still at its head, and with him are the Chief 
of the Staff (First Military Member), the Adjutant-General (Second ditto), the 
Quartermaster-General (Third ditto), the Master- General of the Ordnance (Fourth 
ditto), the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Civil Member), and the Financial 
Secretary (Finance Member). The Premanent Under Secretary of State acts as its 

Astronomers Royal. — The first in estimation of these is at the head of Greenwich 
Observatory. After him come the Astronomer Royal for Scotland, at Edinburgh ; the 

8 2 


Royal Astronomer for Ireland, at Dublin ; and the Government Astronomer at the 
Cape. The first and last of the four are officials of the Admiralty. 

Attaches. —These are both Naval and Military, their attachment^ being to the 
Embassies or Legations at foreign capitals, whilst their duties consist in ascertaining 
by honourable means, and reporting to the Home Government, any movements or 
changes in their respective lines of service. Of the Naval Attaches there is one each 
at St. Petersburg, Berlin, Paris (with an Assistant), Rome, and Tokio ; of the Military 
there are twelve, nearly all of whom have to give attention to more than one centre. 
There are also Commercial and general Attaches. 

Attorney-General. — The first legal adviser of the Government, of which he is 
invariably a member and is knighted. He also conducts State prosecutions and suits 
for matters concerning the Sovereign, but is free to act in private cases when not 
interfering, of course, with his official duties. The Attorney-General for Ireland is 
also a member of the Government, but he does not receive knighthood as such, nor 
is it even held essential that he should be a Member of Parliament. The corre- 
sponding Scottish official is the Lord Advocate. 

Bankruptcy, Court of. — The fourth Division of the High Court of Justice. See- 
under " Lord Chief Justice." 

Bedchamber, Ladies and Women of. — The former of these are invariably 
Peeresses; the latter are also of high rank but inferior to the former. The only 
duties of either at the present day are those of attendance at Courts and ceremonials. 
In the time of George the Second they were personally present at the toilet of the 
Queen. Both "Ladies" and " "Women" are alike styled Laddes-in-Waiting. 

Beef-eaters. — A conventional name for Yeomen of the Guard and Warders of the 
Tower. See under the former, where two suggestions for its origin are given. 

Black Rod. — This official, who is mentioned under Order of the Garter, is the 
senior of the Gentlemen Ushers Daily Waiters, and holds his appointment by patent. 
The staff or wand which he carries gives him his designation, his principal duty being 
attendance at the House of Lords, where he acts in the maintenance of order, 
summons the Commons when required, and appoints subordinate officials. 

Board. — See under the various Departments. 

Body Guards. — See " Gentlemen-at-Arms," "Royal Co. of Archers," and "Yeomen 
of the Guard." 

Cabinet, The. — A committee of the leading members of the Government, whose 
number has ranged of late years from fourteen to twenty, all of whom are Privy 
Councillors, and, genei'ally speaking, the only acting members of that body. The 
following Ministers are regularly included : the First Lord of the Treasury, the Lord 
Chancellor, the Lord President of the Council, the Lord Privy Seal, the five Secretaries 
of State, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the First Lord of the Admiralty. It 
rests with the Premier to decide how many and whom he shall add to these eleven, 
and they have variously been taken from the Lord Lieutenant and Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland, the Presidents of the Boards of Trade, Agriculture, Education, and the Local 
Board, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, the Postmaster-General, the 
Commissioner of Works and Buildings, the Chief Secretary for Ireland, and the 
Secretary for Scotland. The deliberations of this body, which is assembled at any time 
on the summons of the Premier, are regarded as strictly confidential, its proceedings 
not being recorded nor itself even recognised officially as a body. 

Cap of Maintenance. — The particular cap known by this title is one which is 
borne by the Marquess of Winchester upon certain State occasions, and is quite 
different from the one figured in coats of arms and imitated en our title-page under 
the less frequent name of "Cap of Dignity." The one now under notice is something 
like a cap taken out of a crown : it has the ermine border, but is stiffened and 
widened towards the top, where it is again narrowed to a point and hangs loosely down 
on one side with a tassel. It is borne in processions on a short staff. 

Census Office. — See under "Registrar-General." 

Chamberlain. — See "Lord Chamberlain" and "Lord Gt. Chamberlain." 
Champion of England. — See "King's Champion " as per Index to Introd. 
Chancellor, Lord.— See "Lord High Chancellor." 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. — The once Palatine Duchy of Lancaster 
I has been merged in the Crown ever since the accession of Henry the Fourth. Its 
i revenues are thus vested in the Sovereign, who receives from them about £5o,ooo, the 
i total nett income being some £100,000. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer.— The first Finance Minister of the Crown, 

Official Glossary. 


responsible for the annual balance of revenue and expenditure. The office of First 
Lord of the Treasury has no special connection with this,, though of course when held 
by the Premier it is paramount over this as all other Departments. The Chancellor is 
still unrecognised in the Scale of Precedence. 
Chancery, Court of.— See under "Lord High Chancellor." 

Chapels Royal. — Of these there are two in St. James's Palace (one of them styled 
the Marlborough House Chapel) and one at Hampton Court Palace— all three being 
governed by the Dean of the Chapels Royal, who is usually the Bishop of London, but 
chosen by the Sovereign. There is also the Chapel Royal of the Savoy, which is in the 
Sovereign's private list as a "Royal Peculiar " and not under the Dean's jurisdiction^ 

Chaplains to the King.— Attached to the Household there are the Domestic 
Chaplains, Chaplains in Ordinary, Honorary Chaplains, Priests in Ordinary, Honorary 
Priests, a,nd Deputy Priests ; and in both the Navy and Army there are his Honorary 
Chaplains, and in Scotland his Chaplains in Ordinary. 

Charity Commissioners.— This is a body of four gentlemen known respectively as 
Chief, Second, Third, and Fourth Commissioners, appointed originally in 1853 for the 
better administration of charitable trusts. Their duty was afterwards extended to a 
supervision of endowed schools, but in 1902 this was again modified so as to transfer to 
the Board of Education such endowments as were educational exclusively. 

Chief Butler. — An office now nominal only. It descends by heredity to the Earl 
of Arundel (Duke of Norfolk), but the names of other claimants were recorded at the 
last Coronation. The offices of Chief Cap Bearer and Chief Larder er (see others under 
" Grand Falconer ") stand in a like position, for all three were concerned with the after 
proceedings in Westminster Hall which are now discontinued at Coronations. 

Church Estates Commissioners. — See under "Ecclesiastical Commissioners." 

Cinque Port3. — These, as the name signifies, were originally five— Dover, Hastings, 
Hythe, Romney, and Sandwich— but Rye and Winchelsea were added, and at the late 
Coronation the " Barons of the Cinque Ports " were allowed to send one of their 
number from each of these seven towns as well as from Deal, Faversham, Folkestone, 
Lydd, Margate, Ramsgate, and Tenterden : indeed we hear of a still larger number, 
for a claim was made from the Ports for sixteen of their Barons to hold a canopy over 
the King and sixteen more over the Queen. Eighteen in all were invited, and 
the fourteen enumerated were understood to be participants. The office of Lord 
Warden, of the Cinque Ports, once held by the great Duke of Wellington, is no 
longer invested with more than a slight power of jurisdiction ; at one time the Warden 
was a judge of appeal from the local courts, but could still be appealed from to the 
King's Bench, though we read that the "King's ordinary writ did not run " in the 

Civil Service. — This term comprises the officials in the generality of those 
Departments which are not Naval or Military, though not all of those which arc 
broadly given under that heading are strictly so regarded, and exceptions maybe noted 
in the College of Arms, Trinity House, the Thames Conservancy, the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners, the Meteorological Council, the Duchies of Cornwall and Lancaster, the 
County Palatine of Durham, the Salford Court of Record, and Queen Anne's Bounty. 
The Civil Service Commission, which has no administration as to any of these, was 
established in 1855, and had its functions extended to the care of competitive examina- 
tions in 1870. Its leading officers are the First and Second Commissioners. 

Clerk of the Cheque. — There is one of these officials to each of the two English 
Body Guards of His Majesty. 

Coastguard. — The duties of this service are by no means restricted to the prevention 
of smuggling, but comprehend the reporting of the passage of vessels and the watching 
of those in distress : it can also be utilised as a reserve for the Fleet. Every man 
serving in it must have been for a term in the Navy as a Gunner or Torpedo-man ; 
must be able to swim, not over 37 at appointment, and must have a good-conduct 
badge. The whole is under the Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves, and the 
coasts are divided into the nine districts of Newhaven, Weymouth, Harwich, Hull, 
Leith, Clyde, Holyhead, Kingstown, and Limerick. 

Cockades.— The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather 
than of title, it being a badge on the head-dress which can legally be worn only by 
servants of Royalty and of Naval and Military Officers, diplomatists, and the Lords 
Lieutenant, Deputy Lieutenants, and High Sheriffs of Counties. With < these its 
colour is black— circular with a projecting fan for Military and semi-military men, 
and oval without fan for Naval Officers : there is also the Royal Cockade, much like 

H 2 

8 4 


the Military, but rather larger. Its introduction into England in these forms 
was due to the House of Hanover, those who adopted it signifying thereby 
their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of various colours had been here 
known long previous to their time. Under j8$harles the First there was a scarlet 
cockade, but under his son the colour was changed to white, and "the white 
ecckade " became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (in accord with his title "Prince of Orange," a small 
principality now belonging to France). At that date "to mount the cockade" 
implied simply "to become a soldier," the white or orange denoting the party. 
The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London by the foreign 
liveries of carriage attendants— black and white for Prussia; black, white, and red for 
Germany ; black and yellow for Austria ; blue and white for Bavaria ; the tricolour for 
France ; scarlet for Spain ; blue and white for Portugal ; and black, red, and yellow 
for Belgium. The word was borrowed from the French cocarde, having originally been 
applied to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian soldiers serving in the 
French army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of ribbons, came to be used 
in pinning up the flaps of the hat into a cocked position, and thus gradually the word 
passed for the name of the " cocked " hat itself. (This paragraph is mainly based upon 
an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical Magazine for June 1899.) 

Colleges and Schools (Naval and Military). — Of the Naval establishments we have 
the Royal Naval Colleges of Greenwich, Dartmouth, and Osborne, the Royal Naval 
Engineering College at Devonport, the Royal Naval War College at Portsmouth, the 
Royal Hospital School at Greenwich, the Dockyard Schools at Chatham, Devonport, 
Pembroke, Portsmouth, and Sheerness, -and the Poyal Naval School of Music at 
Eastney, Portsmouth. For the Army there is a much longer list : the Poyal Military 
Academy at Woolwich, the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, the Staff College at 
Camberley, the Ordnance College at Woolwich, the Royal Army Medical College at 
Millbank, the Indian Staff College at Quetta, the School of Gunnery at Shoeburyness, 
of Musketry at Hythe and Bloemfontein, of Military Engineering at Chatham, the 
Cavalry School at Netheravon, the Army Service Corps and the Royal Army Medical 
Corps Schools of Instruction at Aldershot, the Army Veterinary School at the same, 
the Schools of Electrical Lighting at Portsmouth and Plymouth, the School of Instruc- 
tion for Mounted Infantry at Longmoor, the Balloon School at South Farnborough, 
the Duke of York's Royal Military School at Chelsea, the Royal Hibernian Military 
School at Phoenix Park, and the Royal Military School of Music at Kneller Hall, 
Kounslow (near rather to Twickenham). 

Colonel Commandant. — An honour conferred upon distinguished General Officers 
of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, of the Corps of Royal Engineers, of the King's 
Royal Rifle Corps, and of the Rifle Brigade. The term is also applied to Officers 
actually serving in command of Divisions of the Royal Marine Artillery and Light 

Colonies, Secretary of State for. — As a distinct office this dates only from the 
time of the Crimean War in 1854, having from 1794 up till that date been conjoined 
with the Secretaryship for War. _ Its duties comprehend the appointment of Governors 
and Crown Agents, together with a certain oversight of Colonial legislation, which 
varies according to the degree of self-governing power which each Colony possesses. 
Of these the following ten are wholly self-governing : Canada, Cape Colony, Natal, New 
South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, West Australia, Tasmania, and 
New Zealand. There are about 45 others, which are termed Croivn Colonies, but in 
some additional instances there is no regular administration formed, the territories 
being more or less under the control of Companies. India, of course, is not reckoned 
a Colony, and is under the charge of its own Secretary of State : with it are included 
not only Burma, but Aden, Perim, Socotra, and the Laccadive, Nicobar, and Andaman 
Islands. Under Crown Colonies, however, are classed Ceylon, the Malay States, 
Straits Settlements, and the East Indies. Ascension is administered by the Admiralty. 

Commander-in-Chief. — As head of the British Army this office is abolished, its 
functions being now exercised by the Army Council, whose consultations may be 
presumed to be aided by the newly appointed high official the Inspector-General of the 
Forces. The title is, however, retained in India and some Colonies, and in the Fleets 
and other divisious of the Navy. There is a General Officer Commanding-in-Chief in 
each of the Commands under which the Home Army is now distributed. 

Commissary. — In the Army this was till quite lately the designation of an Officer in 

Official Glossary. 85^ 

charge of victualling, forage, &c. (Commissariat) : there Was also a Commissary -General 
who had his Deputy, Assistant, &c., like the Adjutant and Quartermaster. In the 
Church the same term denotes a Bishop's deputy or agent, who may be either spiritual 
or lay according to the duties required of him. 
Commissioners. — See the various Departments. 

Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords. — The body of Law Lords by 
which are decided all claims to Peerages or to titles implying any measure of connection 

Comptroller and Auditor General.— The duties of this functionary comprise 
examination of the daily accounts of moneys paid into the Banks of England and Ireland 
to credit of the Exchequer, also the quarterly accounts of the Consolidated Fund and 
the grant of credits authorised by Parliament. He has further to ascertain that moneys 
are actually expended in accordance with the purposes designed. 

Comptroller of the Household.— The officer ranking next after the Treasurer in 
the Lord Steward's Department. 

Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department.— The superintendent of 
accounts and the acting permanent head of the Department except as stated under 
" Lord Chamberlain." 

Consistory Courts.— These Courts, of which every Archbishop and Bishop has his 
own, are for the determination of ecclesiastical questions within the Province or Diocese. 

Constable of the Tower.— See "Tower." 

Consul. — An accredited representative from England to some important town in a 
foreign country, or to or from a petty State, his duties being largely of a mercantile 
character. Sometimes he bears the title of Consul-General, or even with the word 
Agent prefixed, but this is most frequently the case when there are several Consulates 
in the same country and the one in question ranks at their head. There are also 
numerous Vice-Consuls. Many of both ranks are unsalaried. See further under 

Cornwall, Duchy of. — The revenues of this Duchy accrue to the Sovereign's eldest 
son (Duke of Cornwall) from the time of his birth, and if the title has been dormant 
they accumulate at interest till a successor appears. The annual amount paid to the 
Prince is now about £70,000, the total income being some £130,000. For the personal 
conditions attaching to the title see under "Prince of Wales " as per Index. 

Court Dress. — Without aiming at detail, we may briefly note that gentlemen 
attending Levees wear a dark-coloured dress coat with erect collar, pocket flaps, and 
cuffs turned back, the buttons gilt ; white waistcoat (or black silk velvet) without collar; 
black trousers with a row of lace ; a black cocked hat with black silk cockade and gold 
lace ; a sword and a silk shoulder-belt ; and a white neckcloth. For Courts or Court 
Balls the above are varied by the adoption of black silk or velvet breeches, with black 
silk hose and shoes with gilt or steel buttons. Ladies must wear full Court dress with 
trains and plumes, the feathers clearly displayed (may be black when in deep 
mourning) : the trains are borne over the left arm till entering the Royal presence, 
when the attendants spread them out. 

Court of Appeal. — The Supreme Court of Judicature next to the House of Lords. 
It consists of the Lord Chancellor, the Master of the Rolls, and the President of the 
Probate Court, with five Lords Justices. 

Court of Claims. — A body of members of the Privy Council formed by special com- 
mission previous to a Coronation, their office being to determine the validity of claims 
to appear at that ceremony. A Lord High Steward is appointed to preside. 

Courts and Drawing-rooms. — The latter were the customary assemblies of her late 
Majesty, but they are now abandoned for the former. Ladies who have been previously 
presented at either must, if desirous of a second attendance, send in their names in 
writing to the Lord Chamberlain, after which as many as can be accommodated will 
receive invitations to attend. They can then each present her own daughters and 
daughters-in-law and one debutante, whose first access can only be obtained through such 
introduction. Gentlemen are exceptionally allowed to accompany the ladies of their 

Crown Agents for the Colonies. — The Crown Colonies are commercially repre- 
sented in London by Agents appointed by the Secretary of State (see "Colonies"). 
Self-governing Colonies have their own Agents -General. 

Customs, Chairman and Commissioner of. — "Customs " is the term applied to the 
duties on imports and exports (the latter almost confined to coal), whilst " Excise " 

86 Introduction. 

relates to home manufacture and consumption. The Board of Customs consists of a 
Chairman, Deputy Chairman, and Commissioner. 

Custos RotUlorUm.— The Lord Lieutenant of a county (in Ireland " Lieutenant 
so styled as having charge of the county sessions rolls. 

Deputy Lieutenants. — Gentlemen so appointed by the Lord Lieutenant of their 
county. Three of them jointly can act in his absence, unless he has also appointed a 
Vice-Lie utcna n t. 

Drawing-rooms. — See 66 Courts." 

Durham, County Palatine of.— The Bishop of this county was granted Palatine 
privileges by Prince Guthrun, and they were retained until 1836, when the Crown 
annexed them. In their original form they practically made the county an indepen- 
dent kingdom in alliance with England. 

Earl Marshal. — Some information as to this high office is given in the Directory 
under the Duke of Norfolk, its hereditary holder, and its position at the head of the 
English College of Arms will be seen under that section in the Introduction. The 
Earl Marshal has the arrangement of state ceremonials and processions as well as the 
granting of armorial bearings. 

Ecclesiastical Commissioners. — This important body, whose proceedings are 
continually being reported in the Gazette, consists of all the English Archbishops and 
Bishops, the Deans of Canterbury, St. Paul's, and Westminster, the Lord Chancellor, 
and at present 19 other officials, noblemen, and gentlemen, whose names or offices are 
given in ' Whitaker's Almanack.' They have power to divide or unite parishes and to 
portion off new ecclesiastical districts. Three of their number have a special function 
assigned them under the designation of Church Estates Commissioners. Over 300,000 
acres of land are under control of the Commission. 

Ecclesiastical Courts.— See "Arches," " Faculties," and "Peculiars." 

Education, Board of. —This Board was established by an Act of 1899 which 
abolished the Committee of Privy Council to whom the duties had previously been 
entrusted. It consists of a President, Parliamentary Secretary, Permanent Secretary, 
and ditto for Wales, and a Consultative Committee : it has also its Legal Assistant, 
Chief Medical Officer, &o. 

Embassies. — See under "Ambassadors." 

Envoys. — See the same. 

Equerries. — These officials accompany the Sovereign's carriage on state occasions. 
The Chief or Crown Equerry, who was formerly styled Gentleman of the Horse, is the 
next officer to the Master of the Horse. 

Estates of the Realm. — The three classes constituting the Legislature — the Lords 
Spiritual, the Lords Temporal, and the Commons. 

Excise Department. — For the distinction between this and Customs see the latter. 
The Chief Inspector and several grades of subordinates constitute the staff, it forming 
one of the divisions of the Inland Revenue at Somerset llouse. 

Exons.— See "Yeomen of the Guard. 

Faculties, Court of. — An Ecclesiastical Court presided over by a Master, who is 
the Dean of the Arches. It has, besides some other dispensations, the issuing of 
marriage licences, which must be applied for at the Vicar-General's office. 

Foreign Affairs, Secretary of State for.— The official agent between the Crown 
and Foreign Governments. He has the negotiation of treaties, the transaction of all 
Ministerial correspondence abroad, and the appointment of Ambassadors, Consuls, &c. 
Among the numerous changes in the functions and nomenclature of Secretaries of State 
we find that from 1761 to 1782 there existed two such Secretaries only, one being styled 
"for the Northern " and one " for the Southern Department," and to these two officials 
were committed not only the Foreign Affairs connected with those two divisions of 
Europe and the World but also the entire business transacted by all five of the present 
Secretaries of State. A special Foreign Secretary and a Home Secretary were consti- 
tuted in 1782, a War Secretary in 1794, a Colonial Secretary in 1854, and an Indian 
Secretary in 1858. 

Friendly Societies Registry.— A central office established in 1875 for observing the 
due carrying out of Acts relating to such institutions as Savings Banks, Provident 
Societies, Trade Unions, &c. 

Gentlemen-at-Arms, Hon. Corps of.— This Body Guard of the Sovereign, formerly 
called Gentlemen Pensioners, consists of retired Officers of the Regular Army or 
Marines. These are entitled to form " the nearest guard and principal military corps 

Official Glossary, 87 

of the Household of the Sovereign." They have a Lieutenant, Standard Bearer, and 
Clerk of the Cheque. 

Gentlemen Ushers. — Of these there are now four classes: 1, Gentlemen Ushers of 
the Privy Chamber, who come nearest in association to the King", attending him at; 
chapel, and conducting' him in the absence of the Lord Chamberlain ; 2, Gentlemen 
Ushers Daily Waiters, who officiate monthly by turns in the Presence Chamber, their 
senior being Black Rod; 3, Gentlemen Ushers Quarterly Waiters, who attend in the 
absence of the preceding class; 4, Gentlemen Usher to the Robes, a new appointment 
substituted for that of Groom of the Stole (below). 

Gold Sticks. — This appointment falls in turn to the Colonels of the Regiments of' 
Household Cavalry. The Captain-General of the Royal Company of Archers is Gold 
Stick for Scotland. The officer holding the appointment of Gold Stick walks behind 
the Sovereign on state occasions, bearing a gold-headed staff. 

Grand Almoner of England, The Hereditary. — An officer who attends at a 
Coronation to distribute certain alms collected on the occasion. Under him are the 
Lord High Almoner and Sub- Almoner. The Marquess of Exeter is Grand Almoner. 

Grand Falconer, The Hereditary. — A nominal post held by the Duke of St. 
Albans. There were formerly also the offices of Grand Carver and Grand Pannetier, 
the duty of the latter being to bear the salt, bread, and knives for the King's dining- 
table, whilst the Server or Dapifer arranged the dishes at a Coronation banquet. Com- 
pare under " Chief Butler" above. 

Great Seal.— See under "Lord Privy Seal." 

Green Cloth, Board op. — A synonym for the Lord Steward's Department, located 
at Buckingham Palace. 

Groom of the Stole. — An office now extinct, formerly the designation of the 
senior Lord of the Bedchamber. It gave place under a female Sovereign to the post of 
Mistress of the Robes ; now to the Gentleman Usher to the Robes. The Stole is the 
long robe worn by a King on state occasions. 

Grooms-in- Waiting. — These officials rank next after Lords-in-Waiting and attend 
the Sovereign in rotation. 

Heralds' College.— See p. 75. 

Heritable Master of His Majesty's Household in Scotland.— An office held 
by the Duke of Argyll. 

'High Commissioners.— The title borne by the Governors of Cyprus and of the 
British Islands in the Pacific ; also by the representatives in London of the Dominions 
of Canada and New Zealand. See also "Lord High Commissioner." 

High Sheriffs. — See "Sheriffs," their more correct title. 

Home Department, Secretary of State for.— This _f unctionary^ who rank3 first 
of the five Secretaries of State, has the charge of all internal affairs that are not 
specially allotted to other officers (as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Postmaster- 
General, and the various Commissioners). He has the oversight of peace and order at 
home and the exercise of mercy towards capital and other criminals ; also the particular 
Departments of Inspection of Mines, Factories, Prisons, and Explosives, as well as 
under the Aliens Act, the Inebriates Act, the Cruelty to Animals Act, &e. See under 
' ' Foreign Secretary. ' ' 

Honorary Colonel. — The term has a two-fold significance. First, that of the 
honour conferred, in the case of the Regular Army, upon distinguished General Officers, 
and, in the case of the old Constitutional force and the Territorial Service, upon 
distinguished officers or county residents, by placing them at the head of a Regiment 
(usually that in which the recipient of the honour has served). Second, that of 
honorary rank, superior to that held in the regiment, conferred upon regimental officer's 
of the Auxiliary Forces after a specified length of service as Lieutenant-Colonels. 

Hornings, Keeper of the Registers of.— "Horning " is the Scottish term for a 
form of personal service for debt. Letters of Horning are issued in the Sovereign's 
name and pass the Signet, instructing messengers to call upon the debtor to pay ; on 
his failure to do so a " caption " or warrant of apprehension is granted. 

Household, The Royal. — See under the various officers. 

India, Secretary of State for. — The title explainsthe duties of this officer. See 
" Colonies " for the outlying islands, and "Foreign Affairs" for the time of its separate 
institution; also "Viceroy." 

Inland Revenue Offices.— These are located at Somerset House and fall under 
the divisions of Taxes, Stamps, Estate Duties, and Excise. The_ leading officials are 
the Chainnan, Deputy Chairman, and Commissioners, and in addition Special 

88 Introduction. 

Commissioners of Income Tax, Joint Secretaries, Chief Inspectors of Excise and Taxes 
Departments, the Secretary of the Estate Duty Office, the Accountant and Comptroller 
General, and the Controller and Registrar of Stamps. 

Insignia, Return or Retention of.— Under each Order of Knighthood we have 
given the official directions for its own case, but there may be a convenience in our 
here tabulating the entire series : 

To be returned at Death to St. James's Palace: KG.. K.T., K.P., G.C.B. 

(except as below), Star of India (all Classes), G.C.I.E., K.C.I.E. 
To be retained by relatives : G.C.B. Star and Badge, K.C.B., C.B.. SS.Mich. and 
George (all Classes), CLE., Roy. Vict. Order (all Classes), O.M., D.S.O., and I. S. O. 
To be returned on Promotion to a higher Class in same Order : All lower Classes to 
St. James's Palace, except those of Roy. Vict. Order, which go to Privy Purse. 
Inspector-General of the Forces.— This is an office created since the abolition of 
that of Commander-in-Chief, and receives the highest pay (£4000) of any Officer in the 
Army, the Chief of the Staff figuring next. 

Investiture. — The ceremony of investing new Knights and Companions by the 

Ireland, Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of.— This official is invariably 
a member of the House of Commons, and latterly has been also of the Cabinet. When 
his superior does not belong to the latter body he is the medium between the Govern- 
ment and Irish affairs. His offices are at the Castle, Dublin, and Old Queen Street, 

Ireland, Lord Chancellor of.— See under "Lord High Chancellor." 

Ireland, Lord High Steward of. — See under " Lord High Steward." 

Ireland, Lord Lieutenant of.— The Viceroy or Deputy Sovereign of Ireland, 
charged with executive administration. He holds Courts and Levees and has the 
power of conferring knighthood and of appointing Irish Privy Councillors, also of 
commuting sentences upon criminals. 

Irish Constabulary.— See "Royal Irish Constabulary." 

Judge Advocate-General. — Both in the Navy and Army there is an official 
bearing this title, his function being to prosecute (not defend). 

Keeper of the Privy Purse. — One of the highest of the personal officers of His 
Majesty. The Privy Purse was made a fixed annual sum under the Regency, and its 
present amount is £110,000. 

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens.— These gardens were founded in 1759 by the 
Dowager Princess of Wales (Princess Augusta). They are now under the control of 
the Board of Agriculture (late of the Office of Works), and are managed by a Director, 
with a staff of keepers, curators, and other assistants. 

King's Advocate and King's Proctor. — See under "Admiralty Court." 

King's Bench, Court of. —See "Lord Chief Justice." 

King's Body Guards.— The Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, the Yeomen of the 
Guard, and (Scotland) the Royal Company of Archers. 

Laboratories, Government. — A distinct Department, except that by its Deputy 
Principal it has a connection with the Inland Revenue Office. 

Laboratory, National Physical.— An establishment at Bushy House, Teddington, 
devoted specially to the standardising of instruments used in optics, meteorology, 
electricity, metallurgy, and engineering. It is in part associated with the Kew 

' Ladies-in- Waiting.— See "Bedchamber." 
Lancaster, Duchy of.— See "Chancellor." 
Legations. — See under "Ambassadors." 

Levees. — This word (commonly but improperly spelt with an accent) denotes the 
attendances and presentations at Court of Gentlemen, as " Courts " is applied to the 
like visits of ladies. Admission is to be obtained by application to the Lord 
Chamberlain, but Officers of the Navy or Army, or persons connected with India, the 
Colonies, or any Government Department, should apply respectively to the First Lord 
of the Admiralty, the Adjutant-General, the Private Secretary to the Secretary for 
India or the Colonies, or an official connected with such other Department as may 
include themselves : legal gentlemen to the Secretary to the Lord Chancellor. 

Lieutenant of the Tower.— See under " Tower, Constable of." 

Lieutenants of the City of London.— These gentlemen are chosen by the Lord 
Mayor and appointed by the Home Secretary, the appointment being for life unless 
for some valid reason. " The present number is between 350 and 400, and is made up 

Official Glossary. 

8 9 

chiefly of Aldermen, Deputies, Members of Parliament for the City, Directors of the 
Bank of England, and personal friends of the appointing Lord Mayor. 

Local Government Board.— This Board is one of the former Committees of the 
Privy Council, being then known as the Poor Laxo Board, but in 187 1 it was divided off 
under its present appellation. It consists of the Lord President of the Council, the 
Lord Privy Seal, the Secretaries of State, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and its 
own President and head, who, with his Parliamentary and Permanent Secretary and^ a 
numerous staff of officials, transacts the actual business, the Board never meeting in 
any formal capacity. It constitutes the central authority for county, municipal, 
sanitary, and Poor Law administration in England and Wales. There are separate 
Boards for Scotland and Ireland. 

London County Council.— For full particulars, including list of members, see 
I Whitaker's Almanack.' (The London School Board is now absorbed in it.) 

Lord Advocate.— The principal Law Officer of the Crown in Scotland, correspond- 
ing to the Attorney-General in England and Ireland. lie is the leading Scottish Minister 
in the Commons unless the Secretary for Scotland is also a member of that House. 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household.— To this functionary is entrusted the 
control of all the officers and servants " above stairs," as the Lord Steward presides 
over those " below." But not only the Bedchamber and Wardrobe, but also the State 
Band, the Sergeants-at-Arms, Trumpeters, Messengers, &c, and the Royal Physicians, 
Surgeons, Chaplains, and officers of the Chapels Royal, are all under his charge, and he 
has the regulation of Courts and Levees, the custody of furniture in the Houses of 
Parliament, and also the licensing of dramatic entertainments. In his absence the Vice- 
Chamberlain acts as his deputy ; at other times he is his assistant. 

Lord Chief Justice of England.— The President of the King's Bench Division of 
the High Court of J ustice, in which Court are now merged those of Exchequer and 
Common Pleas. There are 14 additional Judges, all holding knighthood and designated 
" Honourable," as are the Judges and Justices in the following Courts: the Court of 
Chancery (Lord Chancellor and six Judges) ; the Court of Probate, Divorce, and Admi- 
ralty (President, who is " Right Hon.," and one Justice) ; and the Court of Bankruptcy 
(one Justice). 

Lord Great Chamberlain.— This hereditary office— the history of which is given 
in the Directory under its present holder, the Marquess of Cholmondeley — is of great 
dignity at the time of a Coronation by virtue of his holding the control of the Palace 
of Westminster ; he is also to the fore at the opening of Parliament by the Sovereign 
or at the trial of a Peer or Peeress, but has none of the various duties of the Lord 
Chamberlain above. On the Coror ation Day he attends the King in his bedroom and 
hands him his wearing apparel ; at the main ceremony he stands on his left, fastens the 
clasp of the imperial mantle, and arrays him in his purple robes before leaving the Abbey ; 
he also serves the King with water for washing his hands before the banquet. The 
fitting up of Westminster Hall when required for a state purpose used to fall to his lot, 
but this use of the Hall is now in abeyance. He receives " forty ells of crimson velvet 
for his own robes," and is entitled to the gilt basin and the towels used at the above 
hand-washing, and also now some £200 in lieu of the furniture of the King's bedroom, 
his former perquisites. 

Lord High Chancellor of England.— The nobleman holding this post is the highest 
judicial officer of the Crown and the first lay person after the Royal Family, ranking 
as he does between the two Archbishops. He is created by the mere delivery of the 
Great Seal into his custody, and is nominally the appointee of the Crown, though in 
modern usage he holds office with the Government of the day. He is ex officio a Privy 
Councillor and Speaker of the House of Lords (see under that House), and issues writs 
for the assembling of Parliament. He appoints all Judges of both Superior and 
County Courts, as well as all Justices of the Peace, and presides over the Court of 
Chancery and the Supreme Court of Judicature. He possesses a special jurisdiction over 
matters relating to charities and trusts, is visitor of royal foundations, patron of Crown 
livings, and guardian (through the Masters in Lunacy) of infants, idiots, and lunatics. 
The style has been accorded him of "Keeper of the King's Conscience." Till the 
time of J ames the First this post did not carry with it an hereditary peerage, but such 
is invariably now conferred if not already possessed. Formerly it was held by ecclesi- 
astics, especially by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Cardinal Wolsey's name occurs 
prominently in this connection, but King Henry, when bent upon overthrowing the 
Church, transferred the appointment to Sir Thomas More. The Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland is not necessarily a Peer ; his functions, however, are similar as far as can be. 



Lord High Constable of England.— An office once hereditary but now held 
temporarily only, being granted at each Coronation to some distinguished person (in 
1902 the Duke of Fife), whose duty it then became to accompany the Earl Marshal in 
the procession and during the ceremony. 

Lord High Constable of Scotland. — This post continues to be hereditary, and is 
vested in the Earl of Erroll, who is thus entitled to walk in the Coronation procession 
carrying a silver baton tipped with gold at each end, and beneath those tips the 
Sovereign's arms at one end and his own at the other. 

Lord High Steward. — Another office which (as far as England is concerned) has 
ceased to be hereditary and is conferred by special appointment at a Coronation (in 
1902 on the Duke of Marlborough). The Peer chosen walks immediately in front of 
the Sovereign, carrying St. Edward's Crown upon a velvet cushion ; he is attired in 
white satin and gold under-dress, with a long red mantle and ermine tippet. For his 
appointment and functions on the trial of a Peer see as per Index. The Lord High 
Steward of Scotland is the Prince of W ales, as Duke of Rothesay (who in 1902 appointed 
the Earl of Crawford as his deputy), and of Ireland the Earl of Shrewsbury, who as 
such carries a white staff. 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — See "Ireland;" for Counties, as below. 

Lord Mayor of London. — There had been "Mayors" of the City from 1189, but 
in 1354 Edward the Third elevated the style to its more dignified form. The Aldermen 
(26 in number) fill this post as a rule in order of seniority. The Lord Mayor acts as a 
magistrate at the Mansion House and Guildhall. He receives ^10,000 for his year of 
office, but is understood usually to expend much more than that in dispensing- 
hospitality and maintaining the dignity of his post. His State Coach weighs over 
3! tons and is drawn by six horses. For some years past he has received a baronetcy 
on or before retirement. 

Lord President of the Council.— The Chairman of the British Privy Council, a 
post changing with the Ministry, but regularly held by a Peer. 

Lord Privy Seal. — The functionary to whom the Privy Seal is entrusted. This 
must be affixed, on the warrant of the Sovereign, to charters, pardons, and other such 
documents before they are passed for the Great Seal. The post is usually held by a 
Peer, and it ranks him before all Dukes and next to the Lord President. 

Lord Steward of the Household. — The authority of this official extends over all 
officers and servants except those of the Chamber, the Chapel, and the Stables (see 
" Lord Chamberlain " and " Master of the Horse "). His office is known as the Beard 
of Green Cloth. 

Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.— See ' 1 Cinque Ports." 
Lord Warden of the Stannaries. — See "Stannaries." 

Lords-in- Waiting. — Peers appointed by the King, who attend the Court in turn and 
reside at the Palace while on duty. 

Lords Lieutenant of Counties.— These are always gentlemen of high position or 
standing, but not necessarily titled. They have charge of the Sessions Rolls (styled as 
such Custodes Hotulorum), appoint Deputy Lieutenants and if needful Vice- Lieutenants, 
and recommend to the Lord Chancellor gentlemen suited to act as Justices of the 
Peace. It may be noted that in Yorkshire there is a Lord Lieutenant to each Riding, 
though there is a single Sheriff to the entire county. The same office is held in the 
counties of Scotland, but in Ireland the term is " Lieutenant " only, for the obvious 
reason of avoiding confusion with the Viceroy. 

.Lunacy Commissioners. — Of these there are one unpaid and six paid (three each 
Legal and Medical) ; also a Chairman, two Masters, and three Visitors. 

Maids of Honour. — These ladies attend upon the Queen in rotation. Upon marriage 
they resign their post and receive a donation of £1.000. They bear the title of 
" Honourable," and this remains with them through life. 

Marines, Royal. — A body strictly Military, though attached to the Navy as a 
provision in case of close fighting upon shipboard; formerly its Officers were Naval, but 
now' they bear the regular titles of the Army. It consists of two divisions, the Royal 
Marine Ai^tillery and the Royal Marine Light Infantry, each vrith its own General and 
Staff, whilst the Prince of Wales is Colonel-in-Chief of the combined Force. The Royal 
Indian Marine is the Indian Navy. 

Master of the Horse. — A member of the Ministry who has charge of the royal 
stables. He is the third great officer at Court, and in state processions his place is next 
behind the Sovereign. The Equerries and Pages of Honour are under his super- 

Official Glossary, 91 

Master of The Household.— An official ranking next after the Comptroller, and 
having charge of the accounts and oversight of the servants. 

Master of the Kolls.— A Judge of the Court of Appeal ranking next after the 
Lord Chief Justice. Formerly he had charge of the Public Record Office. 

Meteorological Office.— An offshoot from what was formerly the Meteorological 
Department of the Board of Trade, its principal duty beingthe issuing of warnings of 
expected storms at sea. It is controlled by a body of Directors appointed by the 
RoyalSoeiety, and its loading officials are the Chairman of the Council and the Marine 

Metropolitan Water Board.— A body of 66 members which from 1903 has taken 
over the control of the separate Companies. (The Metropolitan Board of Works no 
longer exists. ) 

Ministers Plenipotentiary. — See under " Ambassadors." The second official at 
the Paris Embassy now always bears this title. 

Ministry.— See "Cabinet," and for complete list of the officials both within and 
without that circle see 'Whi taker's Almanack.' 

Mint, The Royal. — The great coining establishment of the British Isles and the 
Empire generally, except that there are branches at Sydney, Melbourne, Perth 
(W. Aust.), and Ottawa, whilst in a case of urgency some of the copper coins have 
been struck off at Birmingham. The Master of the Mint is the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer for the time being. 

Mistress of the Robes. — The superintendent of the Maids of Honour and nearest 
attendant of the Queen on state occasions. She is the only lady whose tenure of office 
is limited by that of the Ministry. Under Queen Victoria her position ranked 
necessarily higher, since the post of Master of the Robes was then abeyant. 

Museums and Galleries. — We are here concerned with such only as are national 
property. Each of these is under the control of a Director with a more or less 
extensive staff. They include the British Museum (antiquities, books, and manu- 
scripts), with its branch at Beihnal Green ; the Natural History Museum (formerly a 
part of the British) ; the Victoria and Albert Museum (called the South Kensington 
Museum until the erection of the preceding close by gave rise to confusion) ; the 
Imperial Institute (for Colonial and Indian products) ; and the National Gallery, the 
National Portrait Gallery, and the National Gallery of British Art (" Tate Gallery "). 
These establishments are under the control of the Education Department. 

National Debt Commissioners. — For the appropriation of the Sinking Fund in 
reduction of the Debt the following seven officials constitute a Commission : the 
Speaker, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Lord Chief Justice, the Master of the 
Rolls, the Paymaster-General, and the Governor and Deputy Governor of the Bank 
of England. The executive head is the Controller-General. 

Nautical Almanac Office.— This is under the control of the Admiralty. The 
work is regularly published three years in advance for the benefit of ships on long 

Navy.— Although the Navy is esteemed the principal arm in our defensive force, it is 
for its Ships that this distinction is given it, for as compared with the Army its Officers 
and men are decidedly few. A complete list of the Ships is furnished in ' Whitaker's 
Almanack,' together with the number of guns, tonnage, &c, so that a general classifi- 
: cation is all that is called for here. In the ' Navy List ' we find this series : 80 Battle- 
ships, 45 Armoured Cruisers, 84 Protected Cruisers, 1 Unarmoured Cruiser, and 8 
Scouts; also 52 Torpedo Boats, 3 Depot Ships, and 19 Submarines, besides _ Fleet 
Auxiliaries, the Royal Naval Merchant Reserve, Training Ships, and those in the 
Harbour and Coastguard Service (see "Coastguard"). There is a small Royal Naval 
Volunteer Reserve. For the Royal Marines see the article " Marines." 
The Navy is now distributed as follows : 

Channel Fleet — First Cruiser Squadron. 

Home Fleet— Fifth ditto. 

Atlantic Fleet— Second ditto. 

Mediterranean Fleet — Third ditto. 

N. American and W. Indies Fleet — Fourth ditto. 

Eastern Fleet— Cruisers stationed at China, E. Indies, Australia, and the Cape. 
To these must be added the Indian Marine and the Squadrons at the various insular 

The Officers in the Navy, though so much fewer in number than in the Army, display 
a greater variety of titles. Of those Commissioned we find in the " Military " Depart- 

9 2 


ment — Admirals of the Meet, Admirals, Vice- Admirals, Hear- Admirals (these are 
styled "Flag Officers"); Commodores (a temporary appointment), Captains, Com- 
manders, Lieutenants, and Sub-Lieutenants; in the Engineering 1 Department — 
Engineer-in-Chief of the Fleet, and Engineer Rear- Admirals, Captains, Commanders, 
Lieutenants, and Sub-Lieutenants ; in the Medical Department — Director-General, 
Inspectors-General of Hospitals and Fleets (with Deputies), Fleet Surgeons, Staff 
Surgeons, and Surgeons; in the Pay Department — Paymasters-in-Chief, Fleet Pay- 
masters, Staff Paymasters, Paymasters, and Assistant Paymasters, Clerks and Assistant 
Clerks (apart from those at the Admiralty) ; after these come — Chaplain of the Fleet, 
Chaplains, and Roman Catholic Chaplains ; Naval Instructors. Of Warrant and Petty 
Officers the list runs — Carpenter Lieutenants, Chief Gunners, Gunners, Chief Boat- 
swains, Boatswains, Chief Signal Boatswains, Signal Boatswains, Chief Carpenters, 
Carpenters, Chief Artificer Engineers, Artificer Engineers, Chief Schoolmasters, Head 
Schoolmasters, Head Wardmasters, Midshipmen, and Cadets. The obsolete post of 
Staff Captain in the Navy bore no resemblance to the position of that Officer in the 
Army, for instead of being allotted to superior duties he was rather on probation ; and 
so with Navigating and Supplementary Lieutenants. A Captain in the Navy, if of 
three years' seniority, ranks equal with a Colonel in the Army; and a Naval 
Lieutenant of eight years' seniority is equal with a Major. See also "Admiralty" 
and " Aides-de-Camp." 

Observatory, The Royal. — The well-known building in Greenwich Park, which 
was founded by Charles the Second in 1675. It is under control of the Astronomer 
Royal, who is aided by ten assistants of different grades. The Kew Observatory is 
specially devoted to meteorology. There are Government Observatories also at 
Edinburgh and the Cape, this last, with that of Greenwich, belonging to the Admiralty 
Department : add to these the Solar Physics Observatory, under that of Education. 

Ordnance Survey. — The main establishment is at Southampton, but there are 
branches at Clifton and Rodland (both Bristol), Carlisle, Redhill, Shrewsbury, York, 
and Edinburgh. See under " Agriculture and Fisheries." 

Pages oj? Honour. — These are always youths connected with noble families, and 
their present duties are the attendance on the Sovereign at Court and other ceremonies. 
Their number is four ; but at Coronations every Peer is attended by his own Page of 
Honour. Besides the four preceding, who belong to the Department of the Master of 
the Horse, there are enumerated under that of the Lord Chamberlain — Pages of the 
Back Stairs, State Pages, Pages of the Chambers, Pages of the Presence, and Men Pages. 

Parks and Pleasure Grounds, Royal.— Of these there are the London Parks, 
Regent's, Hyde, St. James's, and Green, and in the suburbs, Greenwich, Richmond, 
Bushy, and the Hampton Court Gardens. 

Patent Office. — This is presided over by a Comptroller-General, whose chief 
assistants are the Registrar of Designs and the Chief Examiner, The staff of 
subordinates is very numerous. 

Paymaster-General's Department.— A distinctly Civil office, the function of which 
is the remuneration of the work of the Civil Service and Government Departments 
generally. The Assistant Paymaster-General would appear to perform the bulk of 
the duties, as his superior is unpaid. 

Peculiars, Court of.— This Court, if it still possesses any more than a nominal 
existence, has the charge of some 13 "Peculiar Benefices," which lie within the London 
Diocese but were not till recently under the jurisdiction of the Bishop. The Chapel 
Royal of the Savoy is still a Royal Peculiar. 

Physicians and Surgeons to the King.— Of these there is a large staff entered 
under the Royal Household (as per 'Whitaker's Almanack'), and in addition His 
Majesty has his Physicians and Surgeons in Ordinary in Scotland and his Honorary 
Physicians and Surgeons in both the Navy and Army (the like officials in Ireland are 
attached to the Lord Lieutenant). 

Police Forces of London.— The City Police Force is a distinct body concerned with 
the City alone. Including superior officers it numbers over 1000 men and is under the 
control of a Commissioner and Assistant Commissioner, with Superintendents of the 
Execxitive and Detective Departments. The Metropolitan Police Force takes charge of 
the extensive districts outside the preceding and spreading in most directions somewhat 
beyond the London Postal District. It numbers nearly 18,000 officers and men, and is 
directed by a Commissioner with three Assistant Commissioners. It too has its Super- 
intendents of Executive and Investigation Departments, as well as Superintendents 

Official Glossary. 


of Divisions, and among these are included the River Thames and the Dockyards of 
Chatham, Devonport, Pembroke, Portsmouth, and Woolwich. 

Pook Law Boakd (late).— See under " Local Government Board." 

Post Office, General. — The work of this great Department comprises the four 
divisions of postal work proper, telegraphs and telephones, money orders, and savings 
banks and insurance. The penny post came into operation on Jan. 10, 1840, and the 
number of letters and other packages delivered has continued to rise till it now reaches 
much over three thousand millions per annum, yielding a profit to the State of about 
four million pounds. The Department is controlled by the Postmaster-General, who is 
a member of the Ministry and of one of the two Houses of Parliament : with him are 
the Secretary, the Second and six Assistant Secretaries, and Controllers, Superinten- 
dents, Examiners, &c, in one or other of the branches of the establishment. 

Premier or Prime Minister.— The head of the Government of the day and the 
intermediary between the Cabinet and the Crown. He appoints not only his own 
Ministers, but all officials coming under the patronage of the Crown, ecclesiastics 
included. No salary is attached to this office as such, so that he always holds some 
other in addition, usually that of First Lord of the Treasury. He has lately been 
granted precedence next to the Archbishop of York. 

President of the Council.— See "Lord President." 

Privy Purse. — See "Keeper." 

Privy Seal.— See "Lord Privy Seal." There is also a Keeper of the Privy Seal in 
the Duchy of Cornwall. 
Public Buildings.— See "Works." 

Quartermaster. — A regimental officer, always appointed from the ranks, who has 
special charge of Transport and Supply. The Quartermaster- General (Q.M.G.) has 
superintendence of this branch for the entire Force (British and Indian being distinct), 
whilst under the various local or other divisions there are appointed successively the 
Deputy Quartermaster-General, the Assistant Quartermaster-General, and the Deputy 
Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

Record Office, The Public— This office dates its foundation from the reign of 
Henry the First. The Keeper of the Records is the Master of the Rolls, and he has 
his Deputy and Assistants. 

Registrar- General, The.— The General Register Office is presided over by this 
functionary, with whom are a Chief Clerk, Supei-intendent of Statistics, &c. The 
Census Office forms a special branch. For Scotland there are the Lord Clerk Register, 
the Keeper of the Records, and the Registrar-General with subordinates. 

Revenue.— See "Inland Revenue." 

Royal Company of Archers. — The Kings Body Guard for Scotland, its Captain- 
General being one of the Gold Sticks. 

Royal Irish Constabulary. — The Military Police of the sister kingdom, numbering 
in all some 16,000. They are armed with rifle, sword, and pistol, and their often- 
proved fidelity was recognised in 1867 by the alteration to the above of their former 
title, " The Constabulary of Ireland." They are under an Inspector-General. 

Royal Mint.— See "Mint." 

Royal Warrant Holders. — Tradesmen who, being accustomed to supply the Royal 
Household, have received a warrant entitling them to use the Royal Arms. 

Salford Hundred Court of Record.— A local registry which has existed from 
Anglo-Saxon times and been allowed to remain from respect for its antiquity. 

Sasine Office. — An office in Edinburgh for the registration of title-deeds. Sasine, 
or infeftment, was formerly a symbolical ceremony, but the mere registration is all 
that is now required. 

Schools — See " Colleges." 

Scotland, Lord High Constable of.— See "Lord High Constable." 

Scotland, Secretary for. — The member of the Government who has charge of all 
Scottish affairs, except such as pertain to the Lord Advocate. 

Sergeants-at-Arms. — Officials who walk before the Sovereign on state occasions 
bearing maces of silver-gilt ; they wear silver collars marked " SS." (see under "Officers 
of Arms," page 75). The Sergeants-at-Arms in the Houses of Lords and Commons 
have charge of the exclusion of intruders and the apprehending of persons committed 
by order of the House. 

Session, Court of.— The most important judicial body in Scotland. It is divided 
into an Inner and an Outer House, of which the former has two subdivisions styled 
First and Second and presided over respectively by the Lord Justice-General (who is 



also Lord President of the entire Court of Session) and the Lord Justice-Clerk ; the 
Outer House has no special President, but its five Judges are styled Permanent Lords 
Ordinary. In each Division of the Inner House there are four Judges (including the 
Presidents), and the entire body of Judges, together with the Lord Advocate and 
Solicitor- General for Scotland, constitute the High Court of Justiciary. Every Judge 
of either House has the bench-title of "Lord" (equivalent to the English "Lord 
Justice," but implying no peerage rank though the wife is now to be styled "Lady " — 
see page 21) : in a few instances this is prefixed to a title which is not the surname, and 
in two others the Judges happen to be actual Peers, but all who are neither Peers nor 
Priv}' Councillors take the designation "Hon." instead of "Pvt. Hon." Some further 
information will be found in the Directory under the title "Kingsburgh." 

Sheriffs of Counties.— These gentlemen are in the first place nominated, on the 
Morrow of St. Martin (Nov. 12) in each year, by the Lord Chancellor, the Lord 
President of the Council, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the body of Judges (or 
some of them), when three names for each county are selected and passed to the 
Sovereign, by whom, on the Morrow of Purification (Feb. 2), one of these three, 
presumably the first, is definitely appointed by the ceremony of "pricking" or 
punching the parchment against the name chosen. _ The Sheriffs are responsible for 
the due carrying out of the judgments of Courts, including sentences of death, and 
they have power to compel any person to assist them in arresting a felon. In England 
and Ireland they are conventionally known as "High Sheriffs," but in Scotland they 
are termed "Sheriffs Principal," these having their deputies, "Sheriffs Substitute." 

Sheriffs _ of the City of London.— These are chosen annually by the citizens, the 
election taking place on Midsummer Day, and their entry into office at Michaelmas. 
They usually obtain a knighthood. Till 1888 they were Sheriffs of "London and 
Middlesex." f 

Signet, Writers to the.— The Signet Office is a branch of the General Register 
House in Edinburgh, and the Duke of Montrose is the Keeper of the Signet. 
Its certificated writers have passed a legal examination and constitute as such a high 
rank in that profession ; they are authorised to append " W.S." to their names. 

Silver Sticks. — The Lieutenant-Colonels of the Household Cavalry Regiments act 
in this office as attendants for a month each in rotation. The origin of the office was 
coincident with that of the Gold Sticks, Charles the Second having presented a silver- 
headed staff to the second Officer of the Life Guards. 

Solicitor-General. — The second legal adviser of the Crown, in position and duties 
similar to the Attorney- General ; a member of the Ministry and of the House of Com- 
mons, and always knighted. There are Solicitors-General for Scothuid and Ireland, 
but these are not knighted as such, nor is it even peremptory that they should be 
Members of Parliament. 

Somerset House.— The headquarters of the Inland Revenue Office (q.v.), of the 
Probate and General Registry, and the Licensing Department. 

Speaker of the House of Commons. — The chairman and controller of the 
proceedings of the House. He is elected by the votes of the Members, practically 
therefore by the party which is in majority at the time, but when once elected he is 
usually accepted by both sides, and thus continues in office till he voluntarily retires : 
when this takes place he has latterly received a Viscounty. At each new Parliament, 
however (not each session), he has to undergo re-election. He does not take part in 
the debates, nor give his vote unless a casting vote is required — thus being altogether 
in a different position from that of the Lord Chancellor in the Lords. He" has, besides 
his salary of £5000, a furnished residence contiguous to the House, and he ranks in the 
scale of Precedence next after the Baron3. 

Standard Bearer, Hereditary.— Eor England, Scotland, and Ireland this office 
(at Coronations) was allotted by the Court of Claims respectively to Frank S. Dymoke, 
Esq., Henry S. Wedderbum, Esq. (but since decided by the Court of Session to pertain 
to the Earl of Lauderdale), and the O'Conor Don. 

Stannaries.— The Stannary Courts of Cornwall and Devon were established for the 
administration of justice among the miners of those counties, there having existed 
some peculiar usages and regulations amongst them. The Lord Warden presided over 
these Courts, or in his absence one of the Vice-Wardens, of whom there was one for each 
of the two counties. They are now modified into ordinary county courts, but the Lord 
Warden retains his titular designation and is principal Officer of the Duchy of Cornwall 
and first member of the Council of the Prince of Wales. See " Cornwall, Duchy of." 

Official Glossary. 


| Stationery Office. — The establishment which prints and supplies books and paper 
connected with Government proceedings. Its Controller is King's Printer. 
Surgeons to the King.— See "Physicians."' 

Teinds, Lord Ordinary of. — A Judge of the Court of Session who is specially- 
allotted the jurisdiction affecting " teinds " (tithes). The Judges of the entire Inner 
Houses are Lords Commissioners for Teinds. 

| Thames Conservancy. — The Conservators now number 38, and they are appointed 
severally by the Admiralty, the Board of Trade, Trinity House, the City Corporation, 
the Metropolitan Water Board, and the County Councils and County Boroughs of 
localities adjacent to the river from its source to its mouth : a few also are chosen by 
owners cf sailing craft, wharfingers, &c. 

Tower, Constable of the.— Both this officer (the Governor) and the Lieutenant 
hold their posts by patent from the Crown, and the former is allotted a residence in the 
Tower entitled the King's House. 

Trade, Board of. — Several high Officers of State are upon this Board, but it is 
practically controlled by its President and Parliamentary Secretary. It has the over- 
sight of matters connected with railways, shipping, water and gas companies, weights 
and measures, bankruptcy, and trade and labour in general, whilst it also collects 
statistics on matters respecting revenue, commerce, population, and whatever else falls 
under its care. Besides the above two officers there are a Permanent Secretary and 
Assistant Secretaries to the respective departments of Harbours, Marine, Finance, and 
Railways, a Controller-General of the Commercial Department, an Inspector- General 
in Bankruptcy, a Chief Inspecting Officer of Railways, a Chief of the London Traffic 
Branch, with numerous subordinates. There is a separate Board for Ireland. 

Treasurer of the Household.— The officer next below the Lord Steward, and his 
deputy in his absence. 

Treasury, Commissioners of. — These are the First Lord, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, and the four Junior Lords. See following. The Department comprises the 
Financial, Patronage, Permanent, and Assistant Secretaries, with the Solicitor, Parlia- 
mentary Counsel, and numerous subordinates, for whom see 'Whitaker's Almanack.' 

Treasury, First Lord of. — A practically sinecure office which has been most 
frequently borne by the otherwise unpaid Premier, or sometimes by some other Leader 
of the Commons. 

Trinity House. — This is an association of five maritime societies, located at London, 
Hull, Newcastle, Leith, and Dundee, and devoting their attention to such subjects as 
pilotage, lighthouses, and beacons. The Corporation of the London Trinity House 
consists of 13 acting Elder Brethren and 11 Honorary ditto, with an unlimited number 
of Younger Brethren, who may be described as in statu pupillari, whilst the Elders 
exercise all the duties and fill up vacancies in their ranks from those of the Youngers, 
these having all belonged to the naval service or the mercantile marine. The 13 
include a Master (the Prince of Wales) and Deputy-Master. 

Under Secretaries of State. — To each Secretary there are attached both a 
Parliamentary and a Permanent Under Secretary, the former going out of office on a 
change of Government. 

Usher of the White Rod of Scotland. — This post was granted at the Coronation 
as attaching by right to the Walker Trustees. 

Viceroy of India. — Since the transfer in i3s8 of the Government of India to the 
Crown, a Governor-General has been the chief executive authority, and his tenure of 
Dffice is usually for five years. His procedure is subject to the control of the Secretary 
3f State in England. He has an Executive Council consisting of five official members 
besides himself and the Commander-in-Chief, and a wider Legislative Council which 
■-omprises the preceding with several additional members, both European and Native, 
[f this Council meets in one of the Provinces other than Bengal, the Governor or 
Lieutenant-Governor of that Province is added. 

Viceroy of Ireland.— See "Lord Lieutenant." 

War Office. — The leading officials in this Department are here arranged under the 
respective seven members of the Army Council (for their numerous subordinates see 
'Whitaker's Almanack' under one of the two heads "War Office" and "Military 
Administration ") : 

1. Secretary of State: Military Secretary, Assistant _ Secretary (Clerical), Parlia- 
mentary and Permanent Under Secretaries (with latter's Assistant), and 
Director-General of Army Finance (an Assistant Under-Secretary). 



2. Chief of the General Staff : Directors of Military Operations, Staff Duties, and 
Military Training, with General Staff Officers of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade. 

3. Adjutant- General : Directors of Recruiting and Personal Services, and Director- 
General of Army Medical Service (with Deputy). 

4. Quartermaster-General : Directors of Transport, Movements, Supplies, and 
Equipment, and Director-General of Anny Veterinary Service. 

5. Master-General of the Ordnance : Directors of Artillery and Fortifications. 

6. Civil Member : Director of Barrack Construction and Chaplain-General. 

7. Finance Member: Director- General of Finance and Directors of Contracts, 
Financial Services, and Array Accounts. 

To these must be added— 
The Director-General »of the Territorial Force, the Naval Adviser to the Council, 
and the Judge Advocate-General. 
Also, though given in the ' Army List ' as distinct from the War Office— 

The Inspector-General 'of the Forces, having under him Inspectors of the seven 
Departments of Cavalry, Royal Horse and Field Artillery, Royal Garrison 
Artillery, Royal Engineers, Army Service Corps, Army Medical Service, and 
Equipment and Ordnance Stores. 
War, Secretary of State for. — Formerly this official was styled Secretary-at-War, 
and he was subordinate to the Home Secretary. In 1794 a Secretary of State for 
War was appointed to manage all military business, and in 1801 he was given the 
control of the Colonies. In 1854 the Secretary of State for War was relieved of 
Colonial business, and a fourth Secretary of State was appointed for the Colonies. 
The Secretary always belongs to the Cabinet, but may be chosen from either House. 
Warden.— See "Lord Warden." 

Warders of the Tower.— See " Yeomen of the Guard." 
Warrant Holders.— See " Royal Warrant Holders." 

Warrant Officers. — The term is used in both the Navy and Army, and includes 
certain ranks intermediate between Commissioned and Non-commissioned. 

Women of the Bedchabiber. — See "Bedchamber," where the distinction between 
"Women " and " Ladies " of this service is noticed. 

Woods, Forests, &c, Commissioners of.— The Land Revenues of the Crown are 
now under this Board. It has a Branch Office in Dublin. 

Woolsack. — The seat of the Lord Chancellor in the House of Lords, placed in front 
of the Throne. Its origin is stated to be that when the export of wool was forbidden, 
in the reign of Elizabeth, the texture in question was thus dignified in token of its 
importance to the national prosperity. 

Works and Public Buildings, Commissioners of.— These officials consist of a 
First Commissioner, the five Secretaries of State, and the President of the Board of 
Trade ; but obviously, as in similar instances, the First Commissioner is the executive 
controller and the others are a consultative committee when so required. Their 
functions are the charge of the Government works, public buildings, and parks. 

Yeomen of the Guard. — The English Body Guard of the Sovereign in conjunction 
with the Gentlemen-at-Arms. Their quaint costume (in which they are known as 
Beef- eater s) ^ consists of a red tunic faced with blue and gold, red breeches and stockings, 
a broad-brimmed darkblue hat, waist and shoulder belts, knee-bows, shoe rosettes, 
white muffs, &c. Their Captain is a Peer, the Lieutenant must have been a Lieut.- 
Colonel in the Army, and their Ensign a Major ; there are also a Clerk of the Cheque 
and four Exons (a word corrupted from the French sound of " exempt," i.e., an officer 
who had once been, but was no longer, in the Garde du Corps). They attend the 
Sovereign only. The Warders of the Tower are similar in attire except that they omit 
the cross-belt : they are also known as Beef -eaters, but are a body totally distinct. As 
to this term of " Beef -eater" it is questioned whether it is a corruption of the French 
buffetier (a buffet-keeper) or a slang designation from their portly appearance. 

Additional Note on Army. — The 'Army List' enumerates 4 Cavalry Brigades, of 
which the 1st is now in the Aldershot Command, the 2nd and 4th in the Eastern, and 
the 3rd in the Irish. Of Infantry it gives 6 Divisions, the 1st of which (comprising 
1st, 2nd, and 3rd Brigades) is in the Aldershofc Command ; the 2nd has its 5th and 
6th Brigades in that same Command, but its 4th in the London District ; the 3rd (7th, 
8th, and 9th Brigades) in the Southern Command; the 4th (10th, nth, and 12th 
Brigades) in the Eastern ; the c;th (13th, 14th, and 1 sth Brigades) in the Irish ; whilst 
the 6th has its 16th and 17th Brigades also in the Irish, but its 18th in the Northern. 
Other Command 5 have detached Troops only. 

Claimant Baronets — Description of Title^oage. 



Doubtful claimants present themselves from time to time in every rank — Peers of 
our own country and abroad, "Ladies," " Honourables, " Knights, and above all 
Baronets. There are probably a few amongst these who are genuinely entitled to the 
I style which they claim ; but, taking them in the bulk, it is evidently safe to say that 
I those who are not downright impostors are the victims of a delusion. The modus 
| operandi of these latter is apparently this : they become aware of a lapsed Baronetcy 
[ of their own surname, the last holder of which was either certainly or possibly a 
relative ; no one else has assumed the title, so why should not they? The other class, 
believing that a Baronet's title will give them a standing or secure them longer credit 
from tradesmen, hunt up some name in Burke's ' Extinct Baronetcies ' (if it does not 
| happen to be their own, what is easier than to make it such ?), give it out that the latest 
! holder left a son or brother whose name was never registered, and that from that son 
: or brother themselves are descended ; servants and shopkeepers have perforce to give 
them their title, and thus a fictitious local position is secured, which probably suffices 
for the main purpose of most of them. Some of them tell us that they cannot afford 
the fees necessary for establishing their claim, thus ignoring the law of society that 
what a man cannot pay for he has to do without. They may say that in their case 
no person is injured by the unauthorised assumption; but if they injure no individual 
they degrade and insult the Baronetage at large. Aspirants whose claim is good do 
not usually assume the title till they have established it, and the converse is reasonable 
as to those who first assume what they know they never can establish. A Mr. Robert 
Dennis who had gone deeply into the subject, lately wrote to The Times characterising 
j the mass of these pretenders as a race of unmitigated scoundrels ; whilst the late Editor 
of ' Dod's Peerage ' in a subsequent letter stated that if an investigation were instituted 
there would probably be as many as fifty who would go by default. There are a few 
"Ladies'' entered in West-End Directories but in no 'Knightage,' so that they would 
do well to establish their credentials. These last do not appear in our pages at all, but 
in the case of known claimants to any rank, if the claims clearly require substantiation 
we now print them in smaller type. There are however one or two Peers and Baronets 
as to whose position a technical flaw has been pointed out, but which we do not intend 
to place under the ban so long as they are retained in ' Burke.' 

There is here either latent or patent a considerable amount of illustration of the preceding 
pages. Turning first to the corners, we have representations of the Stars of the Orders of the 
Garter, the Thistle, St. Patrick, and the Military Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of 
a Maltese Cross (the clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper) . Next as to the coronets in the 
oval design surrounding the letter-press,we need only remark that " Nephews " corresponds to "Princes 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Royal Dukes" to "Princes of the Blood Royal," whilst the 
" Cap of Dignity " or "of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dres3 of Royalty (much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of forty of the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leeds, Rutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, Norton, 
Brabourne, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop's mitre, 
which some protest ought in nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks under the headings of these 
two Orders will suffice to make our position clear in the matter. The intermediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
figured Star. Thus perpendicularly under the Garter corner is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by the 
coronets, is a true-lovers' knot as described in loc. The adjacent upper quarter is devoted to the 
Thistle, and exhibits the device of that symbol with the intervening sprigs of rue as they are found in 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick will be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick Collar. Lastly, against the Bath corner we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the form 
worn by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork, being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as in 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objects are attached together by their edges and without chains. Surmounting the entire oval of 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Imperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 


9 8 



*** Fcr Conclusions of Letters see near tlie cad 5f section. 

Admiral.— The title and name only, any other 
ascription following the office thu3 : " Vice- 
Admiral Lord A.," " Eear- Admiral the Earl of 
C." (or "the Hon. C. D."). So with other Naval 
and Military Officers, g.v. 

Alderman.— if of London, and having passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Eight "Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — " Your Excellency" (but a 
Duke " Your Grace "); " His Excellency Sir Y. Z., 
S.BiM.'a Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of R." (but see Envoy 
or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

Archbishop. — "My Lord Archbishop," "Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord Archbishop of C. ; " 
in formal addresses " The Most Reverend Father 
in God, John, by Divine Providence, Archbishop 
of Canterbury," elsewhere, " by Divine Permis- 
sion." (The Abp. of Armagh is in Ireland styled 
"His Grace the Lord Primate of All Ireland.") 
Wife, no title (nor precedence). 

Archdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
repeating), "The Venerable A. B.„" or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of C." (not this last 
when retired). 

Baron.—" My Lord," " Your Lordship," " The 
Eisht Hon. Lord A." Baroness, *' Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Eight Hon. Lady A." 
(but "Bareness A." if the title is inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Eight Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The" being understood as a substitute for " Et. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Bake. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or "Madam," " The Hon. C. D." 
tori's wife, " The Hon. Mrs. D." (of eldest son of 
present" Peer) or "The Hon. Mrs. John D.," 
unless her own rank is higher, in which case attend 
to Note on " Marriage of Peeresses," at pp. 25-7. 

Baronet. — "Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
common, but without the surname it is rather 
too familiar to be used by inferiors), "Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Bt." preferred to "Bart."). 
Note the remarks appended on p. 54. Wife, 
"Madam," " Your Ladyship," " Lady A." (with- 
out any Christian name unless she is a Lady 
by birth, as daughter of a Duke, Marques?., or 
Earl, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ;" if 
daughter of a Viscount or Baron, "The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The"— see preceding paragraph). For vndow, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 

Bishop.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Eight Reverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;" formally, 
" The Eight Eevercnd Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial Bps. the same, and so also 
I by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even Missionary Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
■word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Eetired Bishop, " The Eight Reverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but r 'My Lord." 
The Bishop of Meath takes the style of " Most 
Reverend," and so all Irish Uoman Catholic 

Canon— "Reverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating), 
"The Reverend Canon B." 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen. — "Reverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Rev. E. F.," "The Rev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Eev. the Hon." (so " Eight 
Rev. the Hon.," " Eev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than "Hon. and Eev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
sometimes find the form "The Eev. and Hon." 

Companions of Knighthood. — No distinc- 
tion : " E. F., Esq., C.B." So with a C.V.O. 
Consul. — "B. C, Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul at D." 
Countess.— See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords.— Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other sons, 
see under Duhe &c. 

Dean. — "Very Eeverend Sir," "Mi*. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Eev. the Dean 
(if B." But a Dean ought not to be addressed as 
Dean with his surname. 

Divorced Lady. — In her maiden name, but 
with " Mrs." instead of " Miss" (no retention of 
any former title whether claimed or not). If 
divorced on her own petition the presumption 
would seem to be that she would be eager to be 
quit of the obnoxious name ; but in spite of its 
gross inconsistency the retention appears to be 
the more customary course, and that even when 
merely the surname and not an actual title 
is concerned. Of course no such title would be 
recognised at Court, but the recent Cowley case 
has elicited a j udgment from the House of Lords 
that, while such assumption can have no legal 
right, its conventional adoption cannot be inter- 
fered with by a Court of Law, and can only be 
dealt with by the Committee of Privileges. See 
further under "Divorcees " on p. 27. 

Dowager Ladies.— Directions for the correct 
use of the term "Dowager" or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 27. 
The forms of address will then be such as "The 
Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," "The 
Eight Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," " Her Grace 
the Dowager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for "Et. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or " Emily, Lady E." A Knight's widow suffers 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
wife where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 23) a Christian name can 
be -prefixed to "Lady" when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager" shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We once even met with an 
advertisement commencing " Dowager the Lady 
H. will gladly," &c. 

Duke.— "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble"] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally, " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGrace." Duchess, "Madam," " YourGrace," 
" Her Grace the Duchess of A." For widow, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see under 
" Courtesy Titles," p. 24, and again address pre- 

Modes of Addressing Persons of Title. 


cisely as if their father was an actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger so?i, "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," " The Lord Henry C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C," unless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The .Lady Sophia" will again 
be correct. For the status of married daughters of 
Duke3 and other Peers, see art. on pp. 25-7. The 
prefix " Eight Honourable " is by courtesy 
assigned to younger sons and all daughters of 
Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughters of 
Earls (i.e., to those taking the title "Lord" or 
"Lady"), but it is seldom used in any of these 
eases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Eight Hon. the Earl of A." Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Emperor. — " Sire," "You? Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy— "A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of B." 

Foreign Peer.— Only the article "The." But 
Canadian, " Et. Hon.." and see "Maltese." 

General. — See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony.— "His Excellency Sir 
A. B., the Governor of D." (if a Duke "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
"Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colony). 

Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles like 
" The O'Dcnoghue " are complete without " Mr." 
or "Esq." Wives are addressed as " Madam." 

Judge of a County Court and of City of 
London Court. — "Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
bench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 
retirement) . 

Judge of Superior Court. — "Sir," "My 
Lord" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
(not after retirement). If a Peer, address as such. 

Justice of the Peace. — Ofixcialiy, "Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King. — "Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence "Sire," or, 
" May it please Your Majesty." 

Extra's Counsel. — "A. B., Esq., K.C." 

Knight. — As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
the correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
omitting any affix, though " Knight " is appended 
in formal style. Wife also as Baronet's. For a 
vndow, see under Dowager Ladies. 

Knight of the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
Patrick. — A Peer bearing either of these titles 
should have the respective initials appended to 
Lis name— in fact, the initals of any Order. 

Lord Advocate.—" Sir," " The Eight Honour- 

Lord of Appeal.— As other Barons. So wife, 
and now so children also. 

Lord Chancellor. — "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," "The Eight Hon. the Lord High 

Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "The 
Et, Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland).— "Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Eight Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E.") . — Distinguish "Lord of Ap- 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency [" Grace," if a Duke— so Ulster's book of 
Bides] the Lord Lieutenant," and according to 
rank. V/ife, " Her Excellency " (see " Precedence 
among Ladies"). 

Lord Mayor. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," 
"The Eight Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Eight Hon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness. 

Lord Provost. — " My Lord ; " in Edinburgh, 
"The Eight Hon. the Lord Provost;" in 
Glasgow &c., " The Hon." Wife as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland). — "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship," "The Hon. Lord A." Wife, 
" Madam," " Your Ladyship," " Lady A." 

Magistrate. — See Justice. 

Maid of Honour.— " Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss"). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank).— "My Lord," 
"Your Lordship" or "Ladyship," "The Most 
Noble the Baron B." 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," "My 
Lord," " tfcur Lordship," "The Most Hon. the 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of 
" Most Noble ") . Marchioness, " Madam," " Your 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. Sons &c, 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. 

Master (Scottish).—" The Hon. the Master of," 
and as Barons' sons. V/ife, " The Hon. Mrs. A." 
(see p. 27). 

Master of the Rolls. — "Sir," "My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Eight 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) 

Mayor. — "Sir," "The Worshipful the Mayor 
of D.," in a few citie3 "Eight Worshipful." 
Wife, no distinction. 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. 
23) • — "The Honourable." Wife, no distinction. 

Member of Parliament.— No distinction as 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c, when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — "Sir," "A. B., Esq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or "Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy. 

Moderator of General Assembly (Scotland). 
—"Eight Eeverend Sir," "The Eight Eeve- 

Officers, Naval and Military.— See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Army and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing E.A., E.E., E.N., &c, when 
correct. When the prefix "Honourable" occurs 
there is not even in practice the same licence as 
under Clergyman, but the arrangement must be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt," implies 
" Honorary Captain." 

Premier.— According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty's Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland).— 
" Most Eeverend Sir." " TheJ'Iost Eeverend the 
Lord Bishop of C." (or " Most Eev. Bishop A."). 

Prince or Princess.— " Your Boyal Highness," 
" His [Her] Eoyal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B.") 
Commence "Sir," or " Madam." 

Principal of a Scottish Colleges. — "Very 
Eeverend" (if in orders). 

Privy Councillor.—" Eight Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Commence "Sir" 
(unless holding rank). Wife, as commoner. 

Oueen. — " i'our Majesty," "The Queen's 
Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 





Eecorder. — "Sir," "Your Worship," "The 
Worshipful ; " but in London, " Eight Worship- 

Secretary op State. — " His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
prefixing rank, if any. 

Serjeant-at-Law. — " Mr. Serjeant A." 

Sheriff of London.— As Recorder of ditto. 

Speaker.— " The Eight Honourable the 

Viscount. — "The Eight Hon. the Viscount 
[or "the Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a 
Baron. Viscountess, " The Eight Hon. the Vis- 
countess A." Son ox daughter, precisely as under 

Widows. — See Dowager Ladies. 

Conclusions of Letters. — As these are too 
lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. — "I remain. Sir, with the greatest 
respect, Your Eoyal Highness's most dutiful and 
most obedient servant." 

Duke or Archbishop.— "I have the honour to 
be, My Lord Duke [Archbishop], Your Grace's 
most obedient and humble servant." 

Other Peer.— "I have the honour to be, My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Peer's Son or Daughter. — If styled "Lord" or 

Lady," "I have the honour to be, My Lord 

[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If " Honourable," 
"I have the honour to be, Sir [Madam], your 
obedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, or Judge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be, 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but "Very Eeverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman.—" I am, Eeverend Sir, your obedient 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c— 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below), Sanitary, and School 
Boards, Comity Councils, &c, may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies. — " The Worshipful." 

Gen. Assembly of Church of Scotland. — "The 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Lords.—" The Eight Honourable the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c, as 

Inns of Court.— "The Honourable Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners.— "The Eight Honour- 

Presbyteries. — " The Eeverend." 
Provincial Synods (Scotland).— " The Very 


Army and Navy, 36-39 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Arthur's, 69 St. James's St., S.W. 
Athenmum, 107 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Bachelors' , 8 Hamilton Place, Piccadilly, W. 
Badminton, 100 Piccadilly, W. 
Bath, 34 Dover Street, W., and 16 Berkeley St., W. 
Boodle's, 28 St. James's St., S.W. 
Caledonian, 30 Charles St., St. James's, S.W. 
Carlton, 94 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Cavalry, 127 Piccadilly, W. 
Conservative, 74 St. James's St., S.W. 
Constitutional, Northumberland Avenue, W.C. 
Devonshire, 50 St. James's St., S.W. 
East India United Service, 16 St. James's Square, 

Grosvenor, 68a Piccadilly, W. 
Guards', 70 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Isthmian, 105 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Athenaum, 116 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Carlton, 30-35 Pall Mall, S.W. 
Junior Conservative, 43 Albemarle St., W. 
Junior Constitutional, 102-4 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior Nav. and Mil., 96 Piccadilly, W. 
Junior United Service, 11 Charles St., St. James's, 

Marlborough, 52 Pall Mall, S.W. 
National, 1 Whitehall Gardens, S.W. 

National Liberal, Whitehall Place, S.W. 

Naval and Military, 94 Piccadilly, W. 

New, 4 Grafton St., W. 

New University, 57 St. James's St., S.W. 

Oriental, 18 Hanover Sq., W. 

Orleans, 29 King St., St. James's, S.W. 

Oxford and Cambridge Univ., 71-76 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Primrose, 4 Park Place, St. James's, S.W. 

Baleigh, 16 Eegent St., S.W. 

Reform, 104 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Royal Societies, 63 St. James's St., S.W. 

Royal Thames Yacht, 7 Albemarle St., W. 

St. James's, 106 Piccadilly, W. 

St. Stephen's, 1 Bridge St., Westminster, S.W. 

Savage, 6 Adelphi Terrace, W.C. 

Sports, 8 St. James's Square, S.W. 

Thatched House, 85 St. James's St., S.W. 

Travellers', 106 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Turf, 47 Clarges St., Piccadilly, W . 

Union, Trafalgar Square, S.W. 

United Empire, 117 Piccadilly, W. 

United Service, 116 Pall Mall, S.W. 

United University, 1 Suffolk St., Pall Mall East. 

Wellington, 1 Grosvenor Place, S.W. fS.W. 

Westminster, 4 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 

White's, 37 St. James's St., S.W. 

Windham, 13 St. James's Square, S.W. 

Beware of confounding the following groups : 
Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdour, Ld. 
Addington, Bn., and Haddington, E. 
Alington and Allerton, Bns. 
Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bn. 
Annaly, Bn., and Annesley, E. 
Arbuthnott, V., and Arbuthnot, Bt. and Kt. 
Arundel and Surrey and Arundell of Wardour. 
Ashbumham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 
Ashton and Ashtown, Bns. 


Barrington, V. , Carrington, E. , and Harrington, E. 
Beaumont, Bnss., and Bowmont, M. 
Bessborough, E., and Desborough, Bn. 
Bligh, surn. of E. of Darnley, and Blyth of Bn. 

Brooke (Warwick) and Brooks (Crawshaw), sums. 
Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 
Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh.Ld. 
Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 
Balfour of Burleigh. 

Cautions as to Spelling, &c. 


Camden, M., and Campden, V. 

Carleton, Bn. (E. of Shannon), and Carlton, V. 
(E. of Wharncliffe). 

Carrington, E., and Carington, brother's surname. 

Castlestewart, E., and Stuart of Castle Stuart, Bn. 

Clandeboye and Claneboye, both M. of Dufferin. 

Clanmaurice, V., and Clanmorris, Bn. 

Clifden, V., Clifton Ld M and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 

Clifford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 

Coddington and Codrington, Bts. 

Courtenay, Ld., and Courtney of Penwith, Bn. 

Curzon, V., and Curzon of Kedleston, Bn. 

Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 

Desart and Dysart, Earls. 

Dudley, E., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 

Ebrington and Errington, Viscts. 

Eliot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Minto), sums. 

Emly, Bn., and Elmley and Emlyn, Viscts. 

Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), sums., 

Fitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and FitzMaurice (Ork- 
ney), sums. [sums. 

Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzRoy (Grafton). 

Forester, Eng. Bn., and Forrester, Scot. 

French (De Freyne) and Ffrench (Ffrench), sums. 

Galloway, E., and Galway, V. 

Garioch, Ld., and Gamock, V. 

Giffard (Halsbury) and Gifford (Gifford), sums. 

Gifford, Bn., and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., Guilford, E., and Guildford, Bp. 

Glenesk and Glanusk, Bns. 

Gray, Bnss., and Grey, E. and Bt. 

Grimston, Vise, and Grimthorpe, Bn. 

Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 

Harberton, V., and Hatherton, Bn. 

Hepburn-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepburne- 
Scott (Polwarth), sums. 

Herschell,Bn., and Herschel, Bt. 

Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 

Killala and Killaloe, Ir. Bprics. 

Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Kinnear, Bns., and 
Kynnaird, V. 

Kingsborough, V., and Kingsburgh, Ld. of Sessn. 

Kin! oss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 

Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 

Lawless (Cloncurry) and Lawley (Wenlk.), sums. 

Lawrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 
(Howth), sums. ; also Vise. St. Lawrence. 

Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 
(Leigh), sums. 

Lifford, V., and Lilford, Bn. 

Lindsay.Scot. E., and Lindsey, Eng. ; Lindley, Bn. 

Lisle and. De L'Isle, Bns. 

Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham), 

The following crossings of surnames with titles are 
Addington (Vise. Sidmouth) ; Addington, Bn. 

Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. 

Beaumont (Bn. Allendale) ; Beaumont, Bnss. 
{Stapleton) . 

Berkeley (Bn. Fitzhardinge and Earl of B.) ; 
Berkeley, Bnss. {Foley). 

Brownlow (Bn. Lurgan) ; Brownlow, Earl ( Cusl) . 

Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; 
Chichester, E. of {Pel ham). 

Clifton (Bn. Grey de Euthyn); Clifton, Bnss. 
and Ld. (Bligh). 

Clinton (D. of Newcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. {Hepburn- 

Grey (Earls Grey and of Stamford) ; Grey de 
Euthyn, Bn. {Clifton). 

Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun); 
Hastings, Bn. {Astley). 

Lucan, E., and Lucas, Bn. 

Manners, Bn., and Manvers, E. 

Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 

Marsham, V. and sum., and Masham, Bn. 

Massey (Clarina) and Massy (Massy), sums. 

Meldrum, Bn. (Huntly) , and Melgund, V. (Minto). 

Melville, V., and Leven & Melville, E. 

Middleton, Bn., and Midleton, V. 

Milles \ Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), sums. 

Milltown, E. (dormt.), and Milton, V. 

Moncreiff,Bn., Moncreiffe, Bt., and Moncrieff , Kt. 

Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. of Sligo). 
Montgomerie, Ld. (and sum. of Eglinton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Morton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmorres, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 
Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Braybrooke), 


Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. 
Oakeley, Bt. and Kt., and Oakley, Sir Hy. 
Orford, E. ; Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Pakenham, sum. of E. of Longford, and Paking- 

ton, of Bn. Hampton. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay and De Ramsey, Bns. 
Roden, E., Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
Rolle, Rollo, and Rolls, all surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bness., Ross, V., Rosse, E. 
Sackville and Savile, Bns. 

St. Aldwyn, Vise, and St. Aubyn, sum. of Bn. 

St. Leonards. 
St. John of Bletso, Bn., and Bolingbroke & St. 

John, V. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. 
Stanley, Ld., son of E. of Derby, and Stanley of 

Alderley, Bn. 
Strutt (Belper and Rayleigh) and Sturt (Aling- 

ton), sums. 

Sudley, V., and Sudeley, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran). 
Swansea, Bn., and Swanzy, Kt. 
Waterford, M., and ditto E. (Shrewsbury). 
Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and Wynn 

(Newborough), sums. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles : 
Ailesbury. Hopetoun. Rosebery. 
Carbery. Huntly. Roxburghe. 

Clonmell. Lisburne. Saltoun. 

Cromartie. Loudoun. Savile. 
Donegall. Naime. Scarbrough. 

Downe. Penrhyn. Westmorland. 

Fingall. Queensberry. Winchilsea. 

worth noticing (surnames in italics) : 
Howard (4 Peers) ; Howard deWalden, Bn. {Ellis). 
Lindsay (E. of Crawford) ; Lindsay, E. of 

{Bethune). {Murray). 
Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst); Mansfield, E. of 
Marjoribanhs (Bn. Tweedmouth); Marjoribanks, 

extinct Bny. {Bobertson). 
Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville); 

Melville, Vise. {Dundas). 
Norton (Bn. Grantley) ; Norton, Bn. {Adderley). 
Sackville (Earl De La Warr) ; Sackville, Bn. 

{Sackville- West). {Lumley). 
Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. {Savile- 
Sinclair (E. of Caithness) ; Sinclair, Bn. {St. Clair.) 
Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan); 

Somerset, D. of {St. Maur). 
Spencer-Churchill (D. of Marlborough) ; Churchill, 

Vise, and Spencer, Earl {Spencer). 
Willoughby (Bn. Middleton and E. of Ancaster) ; 

Willoughby de Broke, Bn. {Verney). 



I His Most Excellent Majesty Albert Edwabd, bearing the title " EDWARD 
the SEVENTH, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of 
the Faith, Emperor of India ; " Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha ; Sovereign of the British Orders of Knighthood ; a Field-Marshal in the Army 
and Honorary Admiral of the Fleet ; Col. in Chief of the Household Cavalry (Life and 
Horse Guards), and of the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, and Irish Guards, the 
Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, the ioth Hussars, the Gordon Highlanders, and 
numerous other Home and Indian Corps, Captain- General of the Hon. Artillery 
Company, &c., &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., Mus.D., has been an Elder Brother of Trinity 
House, a Bencher of the Middle Temple, a Trustee of the British Museum, &c. : eldest 
son and eldest surviving child of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria and of His late 
Royal Highness Albert, Prince Consort ; born at Buckingham Palace Nov. 9, 1841 ; 
succeeded to the Throne (in his 60th year) Jan. 22, 1901 ; crowned at Westminster Abbey 
Aug. 9, 1902; married (at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 1863) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Luise Julia of Denmark^ now Her 
Majesty Queen Alexandra, Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 
Mus.D. (eldest daughter of II. M. the late King Christian IX. and sister of H.I.M. the 
Dowager Empress of Russia) ; born Dec. 1, 1844. 

Residences. — Windsor Castle and Frogmore House (private property) , Windsor ; St. James's and 
Buckingham Palaces, London; Saiidringharn Hall (private), Noifolk; Balmoral (private), andAber- 
geldie Castle, Ballater S.O., Aberdeenshire ; Holyrood House, Edinburgh; also (though not occupied 
personally) Kensington, Kew, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; and the Palaces of Falkland 
and Lochmaben and Castles of Eothesaj^, Dunstaffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick, all in Scotland; and 
The Castle, Dublin. (Osborne House, I. of Wight, has been presented by His Majesty to the nation.) 

1 I. H.B.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence 

and Avondale and Earl of Athlone ( U.K. 1890), K.G., K.P. : bom at Frogmore House, 
Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864; died afc Sandringham, Jan. 14, 1892. 

2 II. H.R.H. Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Prince of WADES, heir apparent to 

the Crown (created Prince of Yv r ales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; Duke of Cornwall, 
in Peerage of England, 1337; Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killarney, 
U.K. 1892; Duke of Bothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Benfrew, Lord of the Islesi 
and Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage of Scotland, 1398) ; Duke of 
Saxony and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.C.S.I., 
G.M.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O. (has Chain), I.S.O., LL.D., D.C.L., F.E.S. ; an Adm. 
in the Navy, Personal Nav. A.D.C. to the King, Gen. in the Array (Supernumerary), 
Col. -in-Chief of Boyal Marine Forces, of the Boyal Fusiliers (and Welsh ditto), of the 
Cameron Highlanders, the King's Boy. Bine Corps, the 18 Begts. of Australian Lt^ Horse 
and 10 Begts. of Indian Army ; Hon. Col. of the 1st Bengal Lancers, and of the King's 
Colonials and various other troops of the Territorial Force; late Lord Warden of 
the Cinque Ports and Keeper of Dover Castle ; is Grand Master of the Order of St. Mich, 
and St. Geo. ; Chanc. of the Univs. of Wales and the Cape, G rand Prior of Order of St. John 
of Jerusalem, Master of Trinity House, High Steward of Plymouth and Beading, Pres. 
of the Boy. Acad, of Music, the Boy. Coll. of Music, and the Soc. of Arts, and a 
Bencher of Lincoln's Inn: bom at Marlboi'ough House, June 3, 1865; married (at 
St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893) his second cousin once removed,* Princess Victoria 
Mary ("May") of Teck, V.A., C.I., Mus.D. {nee H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta 
Louise Olga Pauline Clnudine Agnes: bom May 26, 1867— see 102). Residences— 
Marlborough House, Pall Mall; York House, St. James's; York Cottage and 
Dersingham Hill Houce, Sandringham ; Frogmore House, "Windsor ; and Craigowan, 
Ballater S.O., Aberdeensh. Issue: 

3 1. H.B.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of 

Wales, Duke of Saxony and Prince 01 Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: born at 
White Lodge, Sheen, June 23. 1894. 

4 2. H.B.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Wales: born at York 

_ Cottage. Sandringham, Dec. 14, 1C05. 

5 3. H.B.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary of Wales: lorn at York 

Cottage, April 25, 1897. 

* The. Prince and Princess have this relationship through King Edward and Queen Alexandra also— the former 
is traceable in No. 107, and the latter through tlie late Queen of Denmark having been a niece of the 1st Duko 
of Cambridge's wife, Augusta of Hesse. 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 103 

6 4. H.E.H. Prince Henry William Frederick Albert of Wales : born at York 

Cottage, March 31, 1900. 

7 5. H.E.H. Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund of "Wales : born at York 

Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. 

8 6. H.E.H. Prince John Charles Francis of Wales : lorn at York Cottage, July 12, 1905. 

9 III. H.E.E. the Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria 

Alexandra Dagraar), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem: born 
Feb. 20, 1867; declared Princess Ecyal Nov. 9. 1903; married (July 27, 1889) to Alex- 
ander William George, ist Duke of Fife, K.T., P.C. (born Nov. 10, 1849— see " Fife " in 
Directory : married as an Earl, created Duke at the wedding breakfast). Issue : 

10 1. H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise : born May 17, 1891. 

11 2. H.H. Princess Maud Alexandi-a Victoria Georgina Bertha : born April 3, 1893. 

12 IV. H.E.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Clga Mary of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., 

a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : born Ju]y 6, i863. 

13 V. H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway (H.R.H. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of the 

United Kingdom) , V. A., a Lady of Justice of St. J ohn of Jerusalem : bom Nov. 26, 1869 ; 
married (July 22, 1895) to H.R.H. Prince Charles of Denmark, now H.M. Haakon VII. , 
King of Norway (Christian Friederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, K.G., G.C.B., 
G.C.V.O. [both latter Hon.], Hon. Col. Norfolk Imper. Yeom. and Hon. Brit. 
Navy, 2nd son of King Frederick YILL of Denmark ; lorn Aug. 3, 1S72 ; elected King 
of Norway 1905). Residences — Royal Castle, Christiania ; King George's Palace, 
Bredgade, Copenhagen ; Appleton House, King's Lynn. Issue: 

14 1. H.R H. Olav, Crown Prince of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Christian 

Frederick of Denmark, now taking name Olav), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. 
(Hon.) : born July 2, 1903. 

15 VI. The deceased Prince Alexander John of Wales : born and died April 6 & 7, 1871. 


16 I. H.I.M. tbe late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany (nee H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelaide Mary Louisa), Princess Royal of the United Kingdom : born Nov. 21, 1840 ; 
died Aug. 5, 1901 ; having been married (Jan. 25, 1S5S) to the late Friedrich Wilhelm 
Nicolaus Carl, Crown Prince of Prussia, afterwards H.I.M. Frederic III., German 
Emperor : born Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9 to June 15 of 1088, -when he died). Issue : 

17 1. H.I.M. William II. (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert), German Emperor and 

King of Prussia, Margrave of Erandenburg, &c, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. : born 
Jan. 27, 1S59; succeeded June 15, 18S8; married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princess Attgusta 
Victoria of Schleswig-HcLSTEiN-Bonderburg-AuGUSTENBURG, V.A. (nee H.S.H. 
Irincess Auguste Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny : born Oct. 22, 1S58— 
see 273). Residences— The Marble Palace, Potsdam, near Berlin, &c. Issue: 
i3 (1) H.I. & B.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst) , K.G. : 6or»May6, 1882 ; 
married (1905) H.H. (now H.R.H.) the Duchess CAoilie Augustine 
Marie (bom Sept. 20, 1S86), sister of H.R.H. the Grand Duke cf Meck- 
lenburg-Schwerin. Issue : 
i2a, (i) H.I. & R.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Franz Joseph Christian 

Olaf of Germany and Prussia : born Julv 4, iccS. 
186 (ii) H.I. & R.H. Prince cf Germany &c. ; torn Nov. 9, 1907. 

19 (2) H.R.H. Prince Eitel-Feederick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Friedrich) : 

born Julv 7, 1883; married H.H., now H.R.H., Duchess Sophie 

Charlotte, daughter of the Grand Duke of Oldenburg (born Feb. 2, 1879). 

20 (3) H.E.H. Prince Ad albert of Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) : 

born July 14, 1S84. 

21 (4) H.E.H. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (August Wilhelm Heinrich 

Gunther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887; married (1908) H.H. (now H.E.H.) 
Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schlesw.-Holst.-Sond.-GUlcksburg (born 
April 21, 1887— see 276). 

22 (5) H.E.H. Prince Oscar of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav) : born July 27, 188S. 

23 (6) H.E.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Franz Humbert) : bom Dec. 

17, 1890. 

24 (7) H.E.H. Princess Victoria Louisa of Prussia (Victoria Luise Adelheid 

Mathilde Charlotte) : born Sept. 13, 1S92. 

25 2. H.E.H. Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Victoria 

Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia), V.A. : born July 24, i860; married 
(1878) to H.H. Bernhard Friedrich Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Hereditary Prince 
of Saxe-Meiningen, G.C.B. (son of Duke George II. by his first marriage [see 
288], and born April 1, 1851). Residence— Meiningcn. Issue: 
29 (1) H.S.H. Feodora, Princess Heinrich of Eeuss (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Victoria Auguste Marianne Maria of Saxe-Meiningen) : born May 12, 
1879; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XXX. of Eeuss, 
G.C.V.O. Residence— Flensburg. 
27 3. H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert Wilhelm Heinrich), K.G., G.C.B., Hon. 

Vice- Admiral in the British Fleet : born Aug. 14, 1862 ; married (1888) his first 
cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.E.H.) Princess Irene Luise Marie Anna of Hesse, 
V.A. (born July 11, 1866— see 51). Residen ce— Eoyal Palace, Kiel. Issue: 

The Royal Family. 

28 (1) H.R.H. Prince Waldemar Wilhelm Ludwig of Prussia : lorn March 

20, 1889. 

29 (2) H.R.H. Prince Sigismund ("Wilhelm Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : lorn 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

3° 4. H.R. & S.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe (Princess Friederike 

Amalie Wuhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V. A. : lorn April 12, 1866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Prince Adolf Wilhelm Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, G.C.B. 
{lorn July 20, 1859). Residence— Bonn. 

3 1 5. H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta (Princess Sofhie Dorothea TJlrike Alice of 

Prussia), V.A., R.R.C. : lorn June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering Greek 
Church 1891) to H.R.H. Constantine (Konstantinos) , Duke of Sparta, Prince 
Royal of Greece, G.C.B. {lorn Aug. 2, 1868, n.s.). Residence— Dekeleia Castle, 
near Athens. Issue: 

32 (1) H.R.H. Prince George of Sparta (Georgios), G.C.B. : lorn July 19, 1890. 

33 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alexander of Sparta (Alexander) : lorn Aug. 1, 1893. 

34 (3) H.R.H. Princess Helena of Sparta (Helene) : lorn May 2, 1896. 

35 (4) H.R.H. Prince Paul of Sparta (Paulos) : lorn Dec. 14, 1901. 
3*5 (5) H.R.H. Princess Eibene of Sparta : lorn Feb. 13, 1904. 

37 6. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margarets Beatrice 

Feodora of Prussia), V.A. : lorn April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince 
Friedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hesse, G.C.B. (son of H.R.H. the late 
Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and lorn May 1, 1868). Residence— Frankfort- 
on -Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue: 

38 (1) H.H. Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Victor of Hesse : lorn Nov. 23, 1893. 

39 (2) H.H. Prince Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Eduard of Hesse: 

lorn Oct. 20, 1894. 

40-1 (3 & 4) T.H. Princes Philipp and Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse : twins, lorn 

Nov. 6, 1896. 

42-3 (5 & 6) T.H. Princes Richard Wilhelm Leopold and Christoph Ernst August 

of Hesse : twins, lorn May 14, 1901. 

44 II. H.R. & G.D.H. the late Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of 

the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A. : lorn at Buckingham Palace, April 25, 1843 » married (1862) to the late Prince 
Louis, afterwards H.R. & S.H. Louis IV., Reigning Grand Duke of Hesse, K.G. 
{lorn Sept. 12, 1837; granted English title of "Royal Highness" 1862 ; died March 13, 
1892) ; died Dec. 14, 1878 (the 17th anniversary- of the death of her father). Issue: 

45 1. H. G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde 

Alberta Marie of Hesse), V.A. : lorn April 5, 1863; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Louis (Ludwig Alexander), Prince of Battenberg, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., 
K.C.M.G., Com.-in-Ch. of Atlantic Fleet, a Personal Naval A.D.C. to H.M., 
and an Elder Brother of Trinity House {lorn May 24, 1854). Issue: 

46 (1) H.R.H. Princess Andrew of Greece {nee Princess Victoria Alice Elisabeth 

Julie Marie of Battenberg): lorn Feb. 25, 1885; married (1903) to 
H.R.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. {lorn Feb. 1, n.s., 
1882) . Residence — Athens. Issue : 

461 (i^ H.R.H. Princess Margaret of Greece : born April 17, 1905. 

463 (ii) H.R.H. Princess Theodora of Greece : lorn May 30, 1006. 

47 (2) Princess Louisa of Battenberg (Luise Alexandra Marie Irene,) : lorn July 

13, i38g. 

48 (3) Prince George of Battenberg (Ludwig Victor Georg Heinrich Sergius) : 

lorn Nov. 6, 1892. 

49 (4) Prince Louis of Battenberg (Albert Victor Ludwig) : lorn June 25, 1900. 

50 2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Sergius of Russia {nee 

Ii. G.D.H. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : lorn 
Nov. l, 1864; married (1884, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the late 
Grand Duke Sergius Alexandrovitch of Russia, G.C.B., Major-General in the 
Russian Army {born May 11, 1857, assassinated Feb. 17, 1905 ; uncle of the Tsar). 
Residence -Moscow. 

51 3. H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia {nee H. G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 

Anna of Hesse), V.A. : lorn July 11, i855; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia, K.G. {bom Aug. 14, 1862— see 27). 

52 4. H.R.H. Ernest Louis (Ernst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm) , Reigning Grand Duke 

of Hesse and of the Rhine ("bei Rhein"), K.G., G.C.B., Major-General in the 
German Army : lorn Nov. 25, 1S68 ; succeeded his father 1892 ; married, 1st (1894), 
his first cousin H.R.H. Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I., 
.see 62, but the marriage was dissolved Dec. 1901 ; 2ndly (1905), Princess Eleonore 
Ernestine Marie of Solms-Hoiiensolms-Lich {born Sept. 17,1871). Residence — 
New Falaoe, Darmstadt. Issue : 
52a (1) H.R.H. Prince George Donatus William, Hereditary Grand Duke of 

Hesse : born Nov. 8, 1906. 
I 53 5. H.I.M. AlexandraFedorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa* of Russia,V.A. {nee H.G.D.H. 

* The common form " Czarina " has no warrant in Russian. As to the ci or ts, the latter precisely represents the 
original, and now that it is coming so largely iDto use it is certainly far preferable : the forn; " czar " is used by the 
French, perhaps borrowed by them from the Hungarian, in which tongue alone cx has th«s sound of ts. It may 

Brothers and Sisters of His Majesty. 105 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse) : born June 6, 1872 ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.I.M. Nicholas IE. Alexandroviteh, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Eussia s, 
Tsar of Moscow, &c, K.G., Hon. Adm. in the British Fleet {born May 18, 1868, 
n.s.). Residences — Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, and Alexander Palace, 
Tsaiskoe Selo, near thereto. Issue : 

54 (1) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga Nicolaievna of Eussia : born Nov. 15, 1895. 

55 (2) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Tatiana Nicolaievna of Eussia: born June 10,1897. 
5*5 (3) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nicolaievna of Eussia: born June26, 1S99. 

57 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess An astasia Nicolaievna of Eussia : born June 

17, 1901. 

58 (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitch of Eussia, Tsarevitch or 

Heir Apparent to the Throne: born Aug. 12, 1904. 

59 III. H.E.H. the late Alfbed Ernest Albert, Duke of S axe-Cob ubg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edinbuegh, Earl of Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony, K.G., K.T., K.P., &c. ; Admiral of the Fleet: born at Windsor Castle, 
Aug. 6, 1844 ; succeeded his uncle H.H. Ernest II. Aug. 22, 1893 (the Prince of Wales, 
now King Edward, having in 1853 renounced his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 
1900, having married (Jan. 23, 1874) H.I.H. (now H.I. & E.H.) the Grand Duchess Mabie 
Alexandbovna of Eussia, V.A., C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. the late Alexander II., 
Emperor of Eussia, and born Oct. 17, 1853 ; residence— Coburg). Issue: 

60 1. H.E.H. the late Alfbed Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of 

Saxe-Cobubg and Gotha, K.G. : born Oct. 15, 1874 ; died Feb. 6, 1899. 

61 2. H.E.H. Princess Febdinand of Eoumania (Princess Mabie Alexandra Victoria of 

Saxe-Cobubg &c), V.A., C.I. : born Oct. 20, 1875; married (1893) to H.E.H. 
Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad, Prince of Eoumania, G.C.B. {born Aug. 24, 
1865 — see 168-72, where their four children are given). 

62 3. H.E.H. Victoria Melita, Princess of Saxe-Coburg, &c, V.A.,C.I. : fcorninMalta, 

Nov. 25, 1875; married (1894) to her first cousin H.E.H. Ernest Louis, Grand 
Duke of Hesse, K.G. (see 52), marriage dissolved Dec. 1901 ; she was re-married 
(.Oct. 8, 1905) to the Grand Duke Cyril Vladimir ovitch of Eussia {born 1876), 
1st cousin of the Tsar, who, for thus allying himself with the Tsar's sister-in-law, 
was deprived of his military honours and banished. 

63 4. H.E.H. Alexandra, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenbueg (Princess 

Alexandea Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Cobubg &c): born Sept. 1, 1878; 
married (1896) to H.S.H. Eenest, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenbueg 
and Eegent of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha {bom Sept. 13, 18G3 — see 256-60, where 
their four children are given) . 

64 5. H.E.H. Princess Beatbice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Cobubg &c. : lorn 

April 20, 1S84. 

€5 IV. H.E.H. Helena, Princess Cheistian of ScHLESwio-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 
burgt (Princess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony 
and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, V.A., C.I., E.E.C. : born at Buckingham Palace, 
May 25, 1846; married (at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, 1866) to H.E.H. Prince 
Cheistian (Friedrich Christian Carl August) of ScnLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg- 
Augustenburg, K.G., P.O., G.C.V.O., a General in the British Army, High Steward 
of Windsor, and Chief Eanger of the Park, a Personal A.D.C. to H.M. {bom Jan. 22, 
1831; created " Eoyal Highness" 1866, his issue being "Highness"). Residences— 
Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park; Schomberg House, Pall Mall, S.W. Issue: 

66 1. H.H. the late Prince Cheistian Victob Albert Louis Emest Antony of Schleswig- 

Holstein, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Africa) : bom April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, 1900. 

67 2. H.H. Prince Albeet John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 

stein, G.C.B. (Civ.), G.C.V.O. : born Feb. 26, 1869. Residence— Potsdam. 

68 3. H.H. Princess Victoeia Louise Sophie Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I., 

E.E.C, Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the League) : born May 3, 1870. 

69 4. H.H. Princess Francisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christine H61ene of 

Schleswig-Holstein, V.A., C.I., Order of Mercy: born Aug. 12, 1872; was 
1891-1900 "Princess Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved to suit 
a new family law of that house. Residence— 21 Queenaberry Place, S.W. 

70 V. H.E.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (Louise Caroline Alberta), a Princess of 

the United Kingdom, Duchess of Saxony, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
V.A., C.I. : born at Buckingham Palace, March 18, 1848; married (at St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Campbell, Marquess cf Lome, now 
Qth Duke of Argyll, K.T.— see "Argyll" in Directory). 

71 VI. HJR.H. Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and of Strathearn, and 

Earl of Sussex {U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C., G.M.B.. G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., 

here be added in reference to " Fedorovna" that the termination -vna implies " daughter of "just as -vitch implies 
" son of," the "Fedor" (not" Feodor," which is the German form) here being the regular Russian equivalent to 
"Friedrich," that name of the father having been preferred to the preceding "Ludwig," the corresponding foirn 
to which would have been "Ludovic." As to the use of v or w in transliterating from Russian characters, the v is 
correct for English use and w only for German. , , 

t In the'Almanach de Gotha' " Holstein " is the leading word and the entirs house is arranged under the 
divisions " Holstein-Sonderburg" and " Holstein-Gottorp,"' the former Deing subdivided into the branches 
" 8ohleB.-HoL}t.-Sond.-Augustenburg " and " Schles-.-Holst.-Sond.-Glucktsburg : " all under the heading " Holstein." 

The Royal Family. 

G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O. (has Chain), LL.D., D.C.L. ; a Field-Marshal in the British Army, 
a personal A.D.C. to H.M., Col.-in-Chief of the Eifle Brigade, Inniskilling Dragoons, 
Highland Lt. Infantry, Boy. Duhlin Fusiliers, and Col. of the Grenadier Guards and 
of the Army Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. of Held. Imper. Yeom., of 18th Batt. Co. 
of London Begt., and of numerous Militia and Volunteer troops, President of the Counc. 
of the Boy. Patriotic Fund; served in Canada in the Fenian Baid of 1870 and in Egypt 
1883; was Com.-in-Chief in Bombay i835-go, afterwards in Ireland, now Com.-in-Chief 
and High Commissi', of the Mediterranean ; is Banger of Epping Forest, Great Prior of 
Ireland, a Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, Grand Master of the Freemasons 
of England, a Bencher of Gray's Inn, &c. : born at Buckingham Palace, May 1, 1850 ; 
married (at "Windsor, March 13, 1879) H.B.H. Princess Louisa Margaret (Luise Mar- 
garete Agnes) of Prussia, V.A., C.I., B.B.C., Mus.D., a Lady of Justice of St. John 
of Jerusalem (third daughter of H.B.H. the late Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, 
G.C.B., and born July 25, i860) . Residences— The Palace, Malta ; Bagshot Park, Surrey ; 
Clarence House, St. James's. S.W. Issue: 

72 1. H.B.H. the Duchess of Scania {nee H.B.H. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte 

Augusta Norah of Connaught), V.A., a Lady of Justice of St. John of 
Jerusalem : born Jan. 15, 1882 ; married (June 15, 1905) to H.B.H. Prince 
Gitstavus Adolphus (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf, born Nov. 11, 
1882), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Duke of Scania (otherwise 
Schonen), now Crown Prince of Sweden. Issue: 
72a (1) H.R.H. Prince Gustavus Adolphus Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edraond of 

Sweden, Duke of Westerbotten : lorn April 22, igoS. 
726 (2) H.B.H. Prince Sigvard Oscar Fredrik of Sweden, Duke of Upland : 

born June 7, IQ07. 

2. H.B.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught.K.G., G.C.V.O., a 
Personal A.D.C. to H.M. , Capt. 2ndDragoons, served in S. Africa 1901-2, a Knight 
of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem and barrisier-at-law : born Jan. 13, 1883. 

74 3. H.B.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught : born 

March 17, i885. 

75 VII. H.B.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Arklow (U.K. 1881), K.G., K.T., &c, P.C. : born at Buckingham Palace, 
April 7, 1853 : died at Cannes, March 23, 1884, having married (at "Windsor, April 27, 
1882) Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, V.A., C.I., B.B.C., a Lady of 
Justice of St. John of Jerusalem (ne'i H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike Auguste, fourth 
daughter of H.S.H. the late Beigning Prince George Victor, and aunt of H.M. 
V/ilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands : born Feb. 17, 1861 ; residence — Villa Nevada, 
Cannes, and with her son, as below). Issue : 
75 1. H.B.H. Princess Alice of Teck (Alice Marie Victoria Auguste Pauline of 

Albany), V.A., Order of Mercy (a Lady Presid. of the League) : born Feb. 25, 
1883 ; married (1904) to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (see 10S). 
77 2. H.R.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Beigning Duke of Saxe- 

Coburg and Gotha, and 2nd Duke of Albany, &c. (see under 1st Duke), Duke 
of Jiilich, Cleve, and Berg, of Engern and "Westphalia, Landgrave of Thuringia, 
Margrave of Meissen, &c, K.G., G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Col.-in-Chief 95th Prussian 
Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders : born (posthumous) at Claremont, July 19, 
1884, and succeeded at his birth to the Albany title, in igoo to that of Sase- 
Coburg; married (Oct. 11, 1905) Princess Victoria Adelheid Helene 
Friederike, daughter of H.H. the Duke of Sehleswig-Holst.-Sond.-Glucksburg 
(see 275). Residences— The Palaces at Coburg, Ehrenborg, &c. in Saxe-Coburg, 
and Beinhardsbrun, Friedenstein, &c. in Gotha ; Schloss Santer, Pomerania ; 
Greinbnrg and Hinterriss. Austria Claremont, Fsher, Surrey. Issue: 
j-ja (1) H.B.H. Prince Johann Leopold Victor Wilhelm Albert Ferdinand of 

Saxe-Coburg : born Aug. 2, igo6. 
77!) (2) H.B .H. Princess Sibylle Kalma Marie Alice of Saxe-Coburg : born Jan. 17, 


73 VIII. H.B.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Feodora of the United Kingdom), Duchess of Saxony and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, V.A., C.I., B.B.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, now Governor of 
the Isle of Wight : born at Buckingham Palace, April 14, 1857 5 married (at Whippingham 
Church, I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.B.H. the late Prince Henry Maurice of Battenberg, 
K.G., P.C, Governor of the Isle of "Wight, a Colonel in the Army {born Oct. 5, 1858 ; 
naturalised and created " Boyal Highness" 1885; died during the Ashanti Expedition, 
Jan. 20. 1896). Residence— Osborne Cottage, I."W., and Kensington Palace. Issue: 

79 1. H.H. Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg : born Nov. 23, 1S86. 

80 2. H.M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain (n4e H.H. Princess Victoria Eugenie 

Julia Ena of Battenberg): born Oct. 24, 1887; created Royal Highness 
April 5, 1906; married May 31, same year, H.M. Alfonso XIII. , King of 
Spain {born May 17, 1886), having joined B. C. Church March 7. Issue : 
Boa (1) H.B.H. the Prince of Asturias. heir to the throne of Spain (Alfonso Pio 

Cristino Eduardo Francisco Guliermo Venancio) : born May 10, 1907. 
80b (2) H.B.H. Prince Jaime Leopoldo Alejandro Isabelino Enrique Alberto 

Maria of Spain : bom June 23, 1908. 

81 3. H.H. Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg : lorn May 21, 1889. 

82 4. H.H. Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg : born Oct. 3, 1891. 




A. On side os 1 Duke op Kent; ist Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through H.M. Ernest, 1st Duke of Cumberland, King of Hanover, Qth brother of the Duke of Kent. 

83 I. H.M. the late George Frederick Alexander, 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, 

and King George V. of Hanover, K.G., G.C.H. : born May 27, 1819 ; died June 12, 
1878, having married (1843) H.H. the late Princess Alexandrina Marie of Saxe-Alten- 
burg, V.A., Queen of Hanover by title (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the late Eeigning 
Duke Joseph, and lorn April 14, 1818 ; died Jan. 9, 1907). H. M. reigned over Hanover 
1851-1866, vrhen the Kingdom was incorporated with Prussia. Issue: 

84 1. H.E.H. Ernest Augustus "William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale (Gt. Brit. 1799) and Earl of Armagh (Irel. 1799) L a 
Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Brunswick-Liineburg, K.G., G.C.H. , 
General Supernumerary in the British Army and Colonel in that of Austria : 
born at Hanover, Sept. 21, 1S45; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.E.H. Princess Thyra Amaiia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. the late King Christian IX., and sister of H.M. 
Queen Alexandra ; born Sept. 29, 1853) . Residences — Gmunden, Upper Austria, 
and Penzing, near Vienna. Issue : 

85 (1) H.E.H. Princess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victoria 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): born Oct. 11,1879; married 
(igoo) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of the late Grand Duke, and born July 10, 1867). 
Residence — Karlsruhe. Issue : 
85 (i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden : born 

Aug. 1, 1902. 

Q5a (ii) H.H. Prince Bertiiold Friedrich Wilhelm Carl of Baden : born 

Feb. 24, 1900. 

87 (2) H.E.H. Prince George "William, Earl of Armagh (Georg Wilhelm 

Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.) : born Oct. 28, 1880. 

£3 (3) H.E.H. Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Princess 

Alexandra Luise Marie 01 ga of Cumberland &c.) : born Sept. 29, 18S2 ; 
married (1904) to H.E.jti. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Sehwerin (Friedrich Franz Michel, bom April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). 

89 (4) H.E.H. Princess Olga Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumber- 

land &c. : born July 11, 1884. 

90 (5) H.E.H. Prince Ernest Augustus of Cumberland &c. (Ernst August 

Christian Georg) : born Nov. 17, 1887. 

91 2. H.E.H. Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Eammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa of Hanover) , a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Brunswick-Liineburg. C.I., E.E.C. : born at Hanover, Jan. 
9, 1848 ; married (1880) to Alphonse, Baron von Pawel-Eammingen (Luitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Alphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H., V.D. (born July 27, 
1843; naturalised 1SS0). Residence — Biarritz, France. 
§2 3. H.E.H. the late Princess Mary of Hanover &c. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra), 

C.I. : born at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 ; died June 4, 1904. 

Through H.R.H. Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge, 6th brother of the Duke of Kent. 
g3 I. H.E.H. the late George William Frederick Charles, 2nd and last Duke of Cambridge, 
Earl of Tipperary, and Baron of Culloden {O.K. 1801) : born March 26, 1819; died 
March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) the late Miss Louisa Fairbrotheb 
{hern 1815, died 1890), whose children bear the name of FitzGeorge {see Directory). 
§4 II. H.E.H. Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess Augusta 
Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Bruns- 
wick-Liineburg, C.I. : born at Hanover, July 19, 1822; married (1843) to H.E.H. the 
laie. Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. {born 
Oct. 17, 1819; died May 30, 1904). Residence— Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 
i5 Buckingham Gate, S.W. Issue: 
95 1. H.E.H. Adolphus Frederick (Adolf Friedrich August Wellington) , Eeigning Grand 

Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, G.C.B. : born July 22, 1848 ; succeeded his 
father 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now H.E.H.) Princess Elisabeth Marie 
Friederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest daughter of H.S.H. the Eeigning 
Duke Leopold Frederick, and bom Sept. 7, 1857). Residence— Neustrelitz, Meck- 
lenburg-Strelitz. Issue : 

98 (1) H.H. Duchess Marie, Countess Jametel {nee Victoria Marie Auguste 

Leopoldine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) : born May 8, 1878 ; married 
(1899) to Maurice George, Count Jametel. 

97 (i) Son bom Feb. 3, 1904. 

gS (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro {nee Duchess Auguste Charlotte 

Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ; but now takes name Mibltza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : born Jan. 24, 1880 ; 
married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander of Montenegro, 
K.C.V.O. (born June 29, 1871). Residence— Cettinje, Montenegro. 

The Royal Family [Relatives). 


99 (3) H.R.H. Adolf Frederick, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born June 17, 1882. 

100 (4) H.H. the late Duke Charles Borwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz : born 

Oct. 10, 1888 ; died Aug. 24, 1908. 

101 III. H.R.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina 

EUzabeth of Cambridge) : born at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1833 ; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
"been married (1866) to H.H. the late Francis, Prince and Duke of Teck, G.C.B.,G.C.V.O. 
(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, born Aug. 27, 1837; created "Highness" by 
English warrant 1887; died Jan. 21, 1900). Issue: " 

102 1. H.R.H. Victoria Mary, Princess of Wales (ne'e H.S.H. Victoria Mary 

Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"), 
V.A., C.I., and a Lady of Justice St. John of Jerusalem : born May 26, 1S67 ; 
married (July 6, 1893) to H.R.H. George, now Prince of "Wales &c, K.G. {born 
June 3, 1865— see 2). 

103 2. H.S.H. Adolphus, Duke of Teck (Adolphus Charles Alexander Ladislaus), 

G. C.V.O.,a Knightof Justice of St- John of Jerusalem, lateMaj. 1st Life Guards, 
served in South African "War 1899-1900, now a Mil. Attache : bom Aug. 13, 1868 ; 
married (1894) Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (now H.S.H. the Duchess of 
Teck, daughter of 1st Duke of Westminster, K.G., and born April 9, 1873). 
Residences— Henry III. Tower, Windsor Castle ; 4 Devonshire Place, Portland 
Place, W. Issue : 

104 f 1) Prince George Francis Hugh of Teck : born Oct. 11, 1895. 

io.t (2) Princess Victoria Constance Mary, of Teck : born June 12, 1897. 

105 (3) Princess Helena Frances Auguste of Teck : born Oct. 23, 1899. 
106a (4) Prince Frederic Edward of Teck : bom Sept. 24, 1907. 

107 3. H.S.H. Prince Francis Joseph Leopold Frederick of Teck, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

late Major 1st Dragoons, a Knight of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, served in 
Soudan 1897-8 : born Jan. 9, 1870. 

108 4. H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus Frederick George of Teck, G.C.V.O., D.S.O., 

Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, Capt. Royal Horse Guards, was A.D.C. to 
Col. Mahon in S. Africa (served 1900-2): bom April 14, 1874; married (1904) 

H. R.H. Princess Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 75). Residence — Aldershot. Issue: 
io3a (1) Princess May Helen Emma of Teck : born Jan. 23, 1906. 

io8Z> (2) Prince Rupert Alexander George Augustus of Teck : born Aug. 24, 1907. 

B. On side of Duchess of Kent ; ist Cousins once removed, with Descendants. 
Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

109 I. The late Alfons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly: born 1810; died 1894, 

having married (1st, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein {died 1856), 
and (?-ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg {died 1876). Issue: 
no 1. Victoria, Countess Oberndorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff-Pouilly): 

born (of 1st wife.) June 23, 1844; married (1865) to the late Charles, Count 
Oberndorff, long deceased. 
111-2 (1, 2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

113 2. Sophia, Countess Friedrich Kinsky (Sophie Marie Emanuele Julie von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly) : born (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 
Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wclnnitz and Tettau {born 1834, died 1899). Issue: 

114 (1) Theresa, Countess Siegfried von Clary- Aldringen (Coimtess Therese 

Marie Kinsky) : bom Dec. 10, 1867 ; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
Franz Johann Carl von Clary- Aldringen {born Oct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

115 (i) Elisabeth Alexandrina, Countess Baillet de Latour : born 

Dec. 14, 1885, married (1904) to Henri, Count Baillet de L. 

116 (ii^ Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen : born March 12, 1887. 

117 (iii) Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldringen : born Sept. 2, 1891. 
Ho (2) Wilhelmina, Countess Henckel (Countess Wilhelmine Marie Kinsky): 

horn Aug. 12, 1869; married (1895) to Edwin, Count Henckel and Baron 
von Donnersmarck. 

1:9 (3) The Hereditary Princess of LowENSTEiN-Wertheim-Rochefort {nee 

Countess Maria Josephine Wilhelmine Philippa Kinsky) : born Aug. 23, 
1874; married (1898) to Aloyse Joseph Camill Maria, Hered. Prince, &c. 
{born Sept. 15, 1871). 

1 «n.r (i) Princess Marie Sophia of Lowenstein : bom May 9, 1900. 

1 <•:;>> (ii) Princess Marie Agnes of Lowenstein : lorn July 13, 1902. 

119c (iii) Piince Carl Friedrich of Lowenstein : born Feb. 8, 1904. 

3 ih/l (iv) Princess Marie Monica of Lowenstein : bom Feb. 25, 1905. 

1103 (v) Prince Felix Joseph Friedrich of Lowenstein : born Amil 6, 1907. 

320 (4) Count Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Joseph 

Alfons Johann Kinsky) : bom May 11, 1879. 

121 3. Alphonse, Count ven Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons Wladimir Franz Emanuel 

Rochus) : born (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1864. 

122 II. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 

Dietsichstein-Nicolsburg, K.C.B. : born 1813; died 1871, having married (1857) the toe 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. (eldest daughter of Joseph, Prince 
of the same and Count of Proskau-Leslie ; bom Feb. 29, i8?4 ; died 1906 

Cousins of His Majesty. 


1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 

(Hugo Alfons Wenceslaus) : born Dec. 19, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 
(1892) Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgorouki (daughter of Prince Alexander 
Dolgorouki, and born Nov. 27, 1873). Issue: 

(1) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb.: born March 24, 1894. 

(2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born Dec. 4, 1S97. 

(3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born July 15, 1899. 

(4) Countess Marie Epiphania Clothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : b. Jan. 6, 1901. 

2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrich- 

stein, G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Austro- Hungarian Ambassador in London: lorn 
Sept. 5, 1861. Residence — 18 Belgrave Square, S.W. 

3. Countess Apponyi [nee Countess Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha vcn Mensdorff- 

Poutlly-Dietrichstein) : born Dec. 23, 1867; married (1897) to Albert, Count 

• HI. The la'e Count Arthur August von Mensdorff-Pouilly : born 1817, long deceased. 
Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinetta, Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg, aunt of Queen Victoria, 
I. H.E.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of Wurtemberg : born 1804 : died 
1881, having married (1837) H.E.H. the late Princess Marie Christine d' Orleans (second 
daughter of King Louis Philippe, and born 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

1. H.R.H. Duke Philipp Alexander Maria Ernst of Wurtemberg: born July 30, 
1838 ; married (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria 
(daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen, and 
born July 15, 1845). Issue: 

(1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 

"Wurtemberg: born Dec. 23, 1865; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. the late 
Archduchess Margareta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
daughter of the Archduke Charles Louis, and born May 13, 1870; died 
Aug. 24, 1902). Issue: 

(i) H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 

Wurtemberg: born'Nov. 14, 1893. 

(ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugen Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 

Wurtemberg : born Jan. 8, 1895. 

(iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of Wur- 

temberg : born March 12, 1896. 
(iy) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of Wurtem- 
berg : born Aug. 15, 1897. 

(v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 

Wurtemberg: born Aug. 16, 1898. 

(vi) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Benoite of WUr- 
_ temberg : born Jan. 4, 1Q02. 

(2) H.R.H. the late Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria 

Isabelle of Wurtemberg) : born Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, 
having been married (1894) to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony 
— see 161. 

(3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of Wurtemberg: 

born Jan. 14, 1873 ; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immacu- 
lata Raineria of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Salvator, and born Sept. 3, 1878). 

(4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anton of Wurtem- 

berg : born June 13, 1877. 
Through DuJce Ferdinand George of Saxe-Coburg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 
I. H.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 till the Queen's decease) : born 1816 ; died 
1885, having married (1836, as her second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria H. 
da Gloria of Portugal (born 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless in 1861). Issue: 
1. H.M. the late Dom Luiz, King of Portugal : bom 1838 ; succeeded his brother Dom 
Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having married (1862) H.R.H. Maria Pia, Princess of 
Savoy, now H.M. the Dowager Queen of Portugal (daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. of Italy, and born Oct. 16, 1847 ; residence — Lisbon). Issue: 

(1) H.M. the late Dom Carlos I., King of Portugal and Algarve, K.G. 
(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria): born Sept. 28, 1863; succeeded his father 
1889; assassinated Feb. 1, 1908, having married (1886) H.R.H. Princess 
Marie Amelie Louise Helene d'ORLEANS, now H.M. the Queen Regent 
(eldest daughter of the Comte de Paris, and born at Twickenham Sept. 28, 
1865). Issue: 

i (i) H.R.H. the late Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, K.G. (Luiz 

Felippe Maria Carlos) : born March 21, 1887; assassinated with 
his father. 

r (ii) H.M. Dom Manuel, King of Portugal and Algarve (Manuel 

Maria Felippe Eugenio) : born Nov. 15, 1889 ; succeeded his 
father and brother on their assassination. 

3 (2) H.R.H. Prince Alphonso, Duke of Oporto and of Saxony (Affonso 

Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : born July 31, 1865. 

no The Royal Family (Relatives). 

149 g. E.B.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : born 1843 ; died 18S4, having married (1859) H.E.H. Prince Friedrich 
Aligust Georg, afterwards H.M. the late King of Saxony {born Aug. 8, 1832; 
died Oct. 15, 1904). Issue: 

150 (1) H.E.H. Princess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : born March 19, 18S3. 

151 (2) H.M. Frederick Augustus ill., Ring of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Johann Philipp) : born May 25, 1865; succeeded 1904; married (1891) 
E.I. & E.H. Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria- Tus- 
cany (daughter of the late Grand Duke Ferdinand IV.), whom he divorced 
1903, and who was remarried (1907) to Enrico Toselli, of Fiesole. Issue: 

152 (i) H.E.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Georg Paul Marcellus) : born Jan. 15, 1893. 

153 (it) H.E.H. Prince Frederick Christian of Saxony (Friedrich 

Christian Albert Macarius) : bom Dec. 31, 1893. 

154 (iii) H.E.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony (Ernst Heinrieh 

Ferdinand Melehiades) : born Dee. 9, 1896. 

155 (iv) H.E.H. Princess Margarete Carola Wilheluiine of Saxony : born 

Jan. 24, 1900. 

156 (v) H.E.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : born Sept. 27, 


157 (vi) H.E.H. Princess Anne Monica Pia of Saxony : bora May 4, 1903. 

158 (3) H.I.H. the Archduchess Otiio Francis Joseph of Austria (nee H.E.H. 

Piineess Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth of Saxony) : born 
May 31, 1807; married (xS3&) to H.I. & E.H. the late Archduke Otto 
Franz Joseph of Austria (born April 21, 1865 ; died Nov. 1, 1306). Issue: 

159 (i) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maiia of Austria : 

born Aug. 17, 1887. 

160 (ii) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich 

of Austria : born April 13, 1835. 

161 (4) H.E.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Anacletus) : 

born July 10, 1869 ; married, 1st, 1894, the late El. E.H. Duchess Isabelle 
of "Wurtem3erg (died 1904— see 140) ; 2ndly, 1906, H.E.H. Princess Maria 
Immaculata, daughter of H.E.H. Prince All onso of Bourbon-Sicilies, and 
born Oct. 30, 1874. 

«.62 (5) H.E.H. Prince Maximilian Wilheita August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 

Saxony, a priest and Doctor of Law and Theology : born Nov. 17, 1870. 
163 3. H.E.H. Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, Infanta of Portugal (Dona 

Antonia Maria Fernanda) , Duchess of Saxony : bom Feb. 17, 1845 ; mat ried (1861) 
toH.It.H. the late Leopold Stephan Carl Thassilo, Prince of Hohenzollern 
(born Sept. 22, 1835; died June 8, 1905). Issue: 

(1) H.S.H. William, Prince of Hohenzollern (Wilhelm August Carl Bene- 
dict) : bom March 7, 1864 ; succeeded 1905 ; married (1889) H.E.H. Princess 
Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicilies (daughter of the late 
Luigi, Conte di Trani, and born Jan. 15, 1867) . Issue : 
1(55 W H.S.H. Princess Auguste Victoria Vfilhelmine Ludoviea of 

Hohenzollern : born Aug. 19, 1S90. 
160 (ii) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Victor Pius Ferdinand of Hohenzol- 

lern : born Aug. 30, 1891. 
1G7 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig Thassilo of Hohenzollern : 

twin with preceding. 

i63 (2) H.E.H. Ferdinand, Prince and Heir Presumptive of Eoumania, G.C.B. 

(Prince Ferdinand Victor Albert Meinrad of Hohenzollern) : born 
Aug. 24, 1865 ; created " Eoyal Highness " by King Charles I. in 1889 (his 
elder brother having declined the offer of succession) : married (1893) 
H.E.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, V.A., C.I. 
(eldest daughter of H.E.H. the late Eeigning Duke Alfred, and born 
Oct. 29, 1S75— see 5i). Issue: 

169 (i) H.EJI. Prince Carol of Eoumania : born Oct. 15, 1833. 

170 (ii) H.E.H. Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Eoumania : 

bom Oct. 11, 1894. 

171 (iii) n.E.H. Princess Marie of Eoumania : bom Jan. 8, 1300. 

172 (iv) H.E.H. Prince Nicholas of Eoumania : born Aug. 17, 1903. 

173 (3) H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrich Wilhelrn Ludwig of Hohenzollern : 

60m Sept. 1, 1868 ; married (1894) his cousin H.E.H. Princess Josephine 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Belgium (daughter of H.E.H. Philippe, 
Comte de Flandre, and born Oct. 18, 1872— see 241). Issue : 
i«4 (i) Princess Stephanie Josenhine Philippine of Hohenzollern : born 

April 8, 1895. 

175 (ii) Princess Marie Antoinette Wilhelmine Victoria Augusta of Hohen- 

zollern : born Oct. 23, 1896. 
175 (iii) Prince Albert Ludwig Leopold Tassillon of Hohenzollern : bom 

Sept. 28, 1898. 

177 II. H.H. the late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (August_ Ludwig Victor, 
Duke of Saxony: born 1818; died 1881, having married (1843) H.E.H. the late Marie 

Cousins of His Majesty. 


Clementine Clothilde cL'Okleans (daughter of King Loui3 Philippe, and born June 3, 
1817 ; died Feb. 16, 1907). Issue: 

178 i. H.H. Prince Philip of Saxe*Cobusg and Gotha (Ferdinand Philipp Maria August), 
Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. : born March s?3, 1S44 ; married (1875) his second cousin 
H.B.H. Princess Louise of Belgium (see 234), but the marriage was dissolved 
(1906). Issue: 

179 (1) H.H. Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Maria of Saxe-Coburg 

&c. : born July 19, 1878. 

150 {£) H. H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstein-AugustEnburg {nee H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, See.) : 
born April 30, 1881 ; married (1898) to H. H. Ebnst Gunther, Duke of 
Holstein-Aug. {born 1863— see 281). 

151 2, H.IT. The late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August) : born 1845 ; 

died 1907, having married (1864) H.I.H. the late Princess Leopoldina of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and born 1847, died 1S71). Issue: 

182 (1) Prince Peter August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Cobueg &c. : born March 

19, 1866. 

183 (2) Prince August Leopold Philipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : born 

Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I. & KJI. Archdss. Caroline Maeta 
Immaculata of Austria-Tuscan y (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- | 
duke Carl Salvator, and born Sept. 5, 1869). Issue: 1 

184 (i) Prince August Clement Carl Gonzaga of Saxe-Cobusg &c: 1 

born Oct. 27, 1895. 

1S5 (ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born March 23, 1897. 

iS5 (iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born Jan. 10, 1899. 

187 (iv) Prince Bainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Coburg: born May 4, 1900. 

1S8 (v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph Ignaz of Saxe-Coeurg : born 

Aug. 18, 1901. 

189 (vi) Princess Theresia Christiana Maria Baphaele Gonzaga of Saxe- 

Coburg: born Aug. 23, 1902. 

190 (vii) Princess Leopoldine Blanca Baphaele Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

born May 13, 1905. 

jooa (viii) Prince Ernst Franz of Saxe-Cobup.g : born Jan. 25. 1907. 

191 (3) Pduce Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Coburg &c: bom 

Sept. 15, 1870; married (1900) H.E.H. the late Princess Mathilda of 
Bavaria (daughter of H.B.H. Prince Ludwig. and born 1877 ; died 1906). 

192 (i) Prince Anton Marie Ludwig Clemens of Saxe-Cobueg : bom 

June 17, 1901. 

193 (ii) Princess Marie Immaculata Leopoldina Isicoletta of Saxe- 

Coburg: born Sept. 10, 1904. 

194 3. H.I. & B.H. Archduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Marie Adelbeid Amalie 

Clotkilde of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born July 8, 1846 ; married (1864) to H.I. & B.H. 
ihc late Archduke Joseph Carl of Austria {bem March 2, 1S33; died June 13, 
1905). Issue: 

193 (1) H.I. & B.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea 

Amalia of Austria) : born June 14, 1867 ; married (1890) to Prince Louis 
Philippe Bobert, Due d'ORLEANS, chief of the French branch of the 
House of Bourbon (son of the late Cornte de Paris, and born at Twicken- 
ham, Feb. 6, 1869). Residence— York House, Twickenham. 

196 (2) H.I., B., & S.H. Margaeete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess 

Maegaeete Clementine Maria of Austeia) : born July 6. 1870 ; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, Reigning 
Prince of Thuen and Taxis [born May 8, 1867). Issue: 

197 (i) Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thuen and T. (Franz 

Joseph Maximilian Maria) : horn Dec. 21, 1893. 

198 (ii) Prince Cael August Joseph Maria of Thuen and T. : bom 

July 23, 1898. 

199 (iii) Prince Ludwig Philipp Maria Friediieh of Thuen and T. : born 

Feb. 2, 1901. 

2go (iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maria Siegfried of Thuen and T. : bom 

March 1, 1902. [born Dec. 15, 1503. 

501 (v) Princess Elisabeth Helena Maria Antonia of Thuen and T. : 

201a (vi) Prince Raphael Bainer Charles of Thuen and T. : born May 30, 1906. 

•>02 (3) H.I. & B.H. Archduke Joseph August Victor Clemens Maria of Austeia : 

born Aug. 9, 1872 ; married (1893) H.B.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luise 
of Bavaria (daughter of H.B.H. Prince Leopold of Bavaria : bom April 28, 
1875). Issue: 

203 u) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : bom March 28, 1895. 

204 (ii; Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria: bom 

March 11, 1899. 

205 (iii) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria: bom Jan. 3, 1901. 
2o5 (4) H.I. & B.H. Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Clothilde Maria Victoria 

of Austria : born March 9, 1883. 


The Royal Family (Relatives). 

207 4. H.R.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Princess Amalte oi 

Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1848; died 1894, having married (1875) H.R.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (born 1849 5 ^ ied ^93) • Issue: 

20S (1) H.R.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : born July 10, 1876. 

209 (2) H.R.H. Duke Christoph Joseph of Bavaria : lorn April 22, 1879. 

210 (3) H.R.H. Duke Luitpold Emanuel Ludwig of Bavaria : born June 30, 1890. 
2u 5. H.R.H. FERDiNAND,Prince (Tsar) of Bulgaria (Eerdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 

Marie of Saxe-Coburg &c), Duke of Saxony, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born. Feb. 26, 
1861 : elected (1887) as Ferdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria; married, 1st (1893), the 
late H.R.H. Princess Maria Louisa of Parma (Maria Luigia Pia Teresa, born 
1870, died 1899, daughter of the late Robert, Duke of Parma); 2ndly (1908), 
H.S.H. Princess Eleonore Caroline of Reuss-Kostritz (born i85o). Issue: 
"12 (1) H.R.H. Boris, Hereditary Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Tirnova (Boris 

Clement Robert Maria Pius), Duke of Saxony : born Jan. 30, 1894, n.s. 
213 (2) Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry Francis) : 

born Nov. 17, 1895. 

21 % (3) Princess Eudoxi a Augusta Philippine of Bulgaria: born Jan. 17, 1898. 

215 (4) Princess Nadejda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : born Jan. 30, 1899. 

216 III. H.R.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours (nee H.H. Princess Victoria Auguste 

Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg &c.) : born 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.R.H. 
the late Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d' Orleans, Due de Nemours (born 
1814, died 1896). Issue: 

217 1. H.R.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand 

Gaston): born April 28, 1842; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostmha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor Dom 
Pedro II., Infante of Portugal : born July 29, 1846). Issue: 

218 (1) H.R.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn Oct. 

15, 1875- 

219 (2) H.R.H. Prince Louis Marie Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn Jan. 26, 1878. 

220 (3) H.R.H. Prince Antoine Gaston ^.'Orleans : born Aug. 9, 1881. 

221 2. n.R.H. Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'ORLEANS, Due d'ALENCON et de 

Nemours : born July 12, 1844 ; married (1868) H.R.H. the late Duehesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
and born 1847, died in the fire at the Bazar de la Charity, Paris, May 4, 1897) . Issue : 

222 (1) H.R.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.R.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d' Orleans) : lorn July 9, 1869 ; married (1891) to H.R.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria (lorn Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 

223 (i) Prince Joseph Clement Maria Philipp Neri of Bavaria : born 

May 25, 1902. 

224 (2) H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de Vendome (Philippe 

Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : lorn Jan. 18, 1872; married (1896) his second 
cousin H.R.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders (lorn Nov. 30, 1870— see 
240). Issue: 

225 (i) Princess Marie Louise Ferdinande Charlotte Henriette of 

Orleans : lorn Dec. 31, 1896. 

226 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine Louise Henriette of Orleans: born 

Oct. 19, 1898. 

227 (iii) Princess Genevieve Marie Jeanne Fran^oise of Orleans : lorn 

Sept. 21, 1901. 

227a (iv) Tiince Charles Philippe of Orteans, Due de Nemours: born 

April 4, 1905. 

228 3. H.R.H. the late Princess Czartoryski (H.R.H. Princess Marguerite Adelai'de 

Marie d'ORLEANS) : born 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartoryski (born 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 
!2g (1) Adam Louis, Prince Czartoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zukow: born 

Nov. 5, 1872; married (1901) Marie Louise, Comtesse Krasne-Krasinska 

(born March 24, 1883). 

230 (i) Princess Isabelle Marguerite Czartoryski : born Aug. 17, 1902. 
<3 0a (ii) Princess Elisabeth Blanche Czartoryski : lorn Sept. 1, 1905. 

231 (2) Prince vVitold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : born March 10, 1876. 

232 4. H.R.H. Trincess Blanche Marie Amelie Caroline d'ORLEANS : born Oct. 28, 1857. 

Through II. M. Leopold 7., King of the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 

233 I. H.M. Leopold II. (Leopold Louis Thilippe Marie Victor), present King of the Belgians, 
Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G. : born at Brussels, April 9, 
1835 ; succeeded his father 1865; married (1853) H.I. & R.H. the late Archduchess Maria 
Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (younger daughter of the late Archduke Joseph, 
Count Palatine of Hungary, and born Aug. 23, 1836; died Sept. 19, 1902). Issue: 

234 1. H.R.H. Princess Louise Marie Amelie of Belgium: born Feb. 18, 1858; married 
(1875), but marriage dissolved (1906) — see 178. 

235 2. H.I. & R.H. Princess Stephanie, Countess Lonyay, late Dowager Princess 
Imptrialof Austria (nee H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Clothilde of Belgium): 
bom May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria (born 1858; died 1889) ; 2ndly (1900), to 
Elemer, Count Lonyay. Issue (1st marriage) : 

Cousins of His Majesty. 113 

235 (i) H.I. & R.H. Princess Otto zu Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

Marie Henriette Stephanie Gisela of Austria) : born Sept. 2, 1883 ; 
married 1902, to H.S.H. Prince OTToYeriand Hugo Ernst zu W.-GrAtz. 
{born Oct. 7, 1873). 

237 (i) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Octavien zu "W.-GrAtz born 

March 22, 1904. 

237« (ii) H.S.H. Prince Ernest Veriand zu W.-GrAtz : born April 21,1905. 

237ft _ (in) H.S.H. Prince Rudolf Johann zu "W.-GrAtz : born Feb. 4, 1907. 

238 3. H.R.H. Princess Clementine Alberte Leopoldine of Belgium : born July 30, 1872. 

239 II. H.R.H. the late Prince Philip, Count of Flanders (Philippe Eugene Baudouin Leopold 

George) : born March 24, 1837 ; died Nov. 17, 1905, having married (1867) Princess 
Maria Louise Alexandrine Caroline of Hohenzollern (daughter of H.R.H. the 
late Carl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern, and born Nov. 17, 1845). Issue: 
2\o 1. H.R.H. Henriette, Duchesse de Vendome, Princess Emmanuel of Orleans 

(H.E.H. Princess Henriette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : born 
Nov. 30, 1870 {txoin with the late Princess Josephine Marie Stephanie Victoire, 
who died 1871 — see 243 for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to 
H.R.H. Prince Emmanuel d' Orleans, Due de Vend6me {b. Jan. 18, 1872— see 224). 

241 2. H.R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hohenzollern (H.R.H. Princess Josephine 

Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : born Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 
H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton of Hohenzollern {born Sept. 1, 1868 — see 173). 

242 3. H.R.H. Prince Albert, Count of Flanders (Albert Leopold Clement Marie 

Meinrad), Crown Prince of Belgium : born April 8, 1875 ; married (1900) 
H.R.H. Duchess Elisabeth Valerie Gabriele Marie of Bavaria (daughter of 
Duke Carl Theodor, and born July 25, 1876). 

243 (1) H.R.H. Prince Leopold Philippe Charles of Belgium : lorn Nov. 3, 1901. 

244 (2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium : born Oct. 10, 1903. 
244a (3) H.R.H. Princess Marie Jos£ Charlotte of Belgium : born Aug. 4, 1906. 

245 HI. H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian, ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Princess Marie 

Charlotte Amelie Leopoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840; married (1857) H.I.M. 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {born 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867) . 
C. 1st Cousins with Descendants (side of Duchess of Kent continued). 
Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen, half-brother of Queen Victoria. 

246 I. H.S.H. the late Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Emich), 

G.C.B., G.C.V.O., an Admiral in the British Navy (served in Burma and in Black 
and Baltic Seas) : born Nov. 9, 1830 ; died April 5, 1904, having married (1858) H.G.D.H. 
the late Princess Marie Amalie of Baden, V.A. {born 1834; died ^99) • Issue: 

247 1. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Prince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl), 

G.C.V.O. : born Jan. 18, 1866 ; succeeded his father 1904; married (1894) his second 
cousin, Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (second 
daughter of H.S.H. Hermann, Prince of the same, and born July 23, 1866— see 
265) , Issue : 

248 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Marie Leopoldine Elise Sophie of Leiningen: 

bom May 12, 1895. 

249 (2) H.S.H. Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heinrich Maximilian, Hered. Prince 

of Leiningen : born Dec. 29, 1896. 

250 (3) H.S.H. Prince Friedrich Carl Eduard Erwin of Leiningen: born Feb. 

13, 1893. 

251 (4) H.S.H. Prince Hermann Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : born Jan. 4, 1901. 

252 (5) H.S.H. Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : born July 29, 1903. 

253 II. H.S.H. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Johann of Leiningen, K.C.V.O. : born 

Jan. 5, 1833. 

Through Princess Anne Feodora of Hohenlohe, half-sister of Queen Victoria. 

254 I. The late Prince Charles of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Carl Ludwig Wilhelm Leopold) : 

bom Oct. 25, 1829 ; died 1907, having married morganatically (1861 s ) Baroness von Bronn, 
and resigned the succession to his next brother (children named Bronn). 

255 II. H.S.H. Hermann Emst Franz Bernhard, Reigning Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 

G. C.B., Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lorraine, a General in the Prussian Army : born 
Aug. 31, 1832: succeeded his father i860; married (1862) H.G.D.H. the late Princess 
Leopoldina Wilhelmine Maximiliane, Margravine of Baden (younger daughter of 

H. G.D.H. the late Prince William, and born Feb. 22, 1837 ; died Dec. 23, 1903). Issue: 

256 1. Ernst Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe- 

Langenburg, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.) : born Sept. 13, 1863 ; married (1896) H.R.H. 
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg, C.I. {born Sept. 1, 1878— see 63). 

257 (1) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred of Hohenlohe : born March 24, 1897. 

258 (2) Princess Maria Melita Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born Jan. 18, 1899. 

259 (3) Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe : born April 2, 


260 (4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : born July 4, 1902. 

261 2. H.S.H. Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (PrinceBS Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Heinrich XXVII., " Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue: 

262 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Feodora of Reuss : born April 21, 1889. 



The Royal Family (Relatives). 

263 (2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida Helene Wilhelmine of Reuss : lorn 

July 17, 1890. 

2S4 (3) H.S.H. Prince Heinrioh XLIII. of Reuss : horn July 25, 1803. 

2C5 (4) H.S.H. Prince Heinrich XLV. of Reuss : bom May 13, 1895. 

256 3. H.S.H. Feodora, Princess of Leiningen (Princess Feodoea Victoria Alberta of 

Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : lorn July 23, 18S6; married (1894) to H.S.H. Emich 
Eduard Carl, Reigning Prince, &c. (see 247). 
267 Hi. H.S.H. the late Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Vice- Admiral, R.N. : 
lorn 1833; died 1891, having married (1861) Lady Laura Wiliiamina Seymour (sister of 
5th Marq. of Hertford and lorn Jan. 27, 1833; now H.S.H. Princess Victor of 
Hoiienlohe; raised to rank of daughter of a Marquess 1871). Residences— St. Bruno, 
Sunningdale, Ascot ; Engine Court, St. James's Palace, S.W. Issue: 
258 1. Countess Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichen: lorn Dec. 20, 1801. Residence— 

Engine Cfc., St. James's Palace, S.W. 
263 2. Albert Edward Wilfred, Count Gleichen, C.V.O. (1004), C.B. (Mil. 1906), 

C.M.G. (1898), D.S.O. (1900-1), Col., late of Grenadier Guards, now an Assistant 
Director at Headquarters (served in Soudan 1884-5, Bongola 1896, and in S. Africa 
1899-1901) ; Extra Equerry to H.M. and a Knight of Grace of St. John of 
Jerusalem: lorn Jan. 15, 1863. Residence— 64 Sth. Audley St., W., and Engine 
Court, Sc. James's Palace, S.W. (The title " Count Gleichen " is of Saxe-Coburg.) 

270 3. Countess Victoria Alice Leopoldine Ada Laura Gleichen : lorn Nov. 28, 1868 ; 

married (1905) to Capt. Percy Wilfrid Machell, C.M.G. (Adopts the name 
"Valda" from V.A.L. [A]da; now "Lady Valda Machell.") (Son, Roger 
Victor, lorn 1908.) 

271 4. Countess Helena Emily Gleichen: I or n Feb. 1, 1873. Residence — with Countess 


273 IV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-AuGusTSNBURG 
(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): lorn July 20, 
1835; died 1900, having been, married (1856) to H.H. the late Friedrich Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.-Aug. (bom 1829 ; died 1880) . Issue : 

273 1. H.I.M. Augusta Victoria, the German Empress, V.A. (nee H.S.H. Princess 

August'e Victoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : lorn Oct. 22, 185S; married (Feb. 27, 1881) to H.R.H. Prince Frederick 
William, now H.I.M. William Ii., German Emperor (horn Jan. 27, 1859 — see 1 7)- 

274 2. H.S.H. Caroline Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLUCKS- 

burg (Princess Victoria Friederike Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : lorn Jan. 2.5, 1SS0 ; married (1S85) to H.H. Prince Friedrich Ferdinand 
Georg, Duke of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderbuig-GLUCESBURa (lorn Oct. 12, 
1855). Issue: 

273 (1) H.R.H. the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg akd Gotha (H.H. Princess Victoria. 

Adelheid Helene Friederike of Holstein-Glucksburg) : lorn Dec. 31, 
1885 ; married (1905) as under No. 77. 

276 (2) H.H. Princess Alexandra V ictoiua Augusta Wilhclmine of Holstein- 

Glucksburg : lorn April 21, 1887 ; married (1908) as under No. 21. 

277 (3) H.H. Princess Helena Adelheid Victoria Marie of Holstein-Glucksburg: 

lorn June 1 , 1888. 

278 (a) H.H. Princess Adelheid Luise of Holstein-Glucksburg : lorn Oct. 19. 


279 (5) H.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Christian Gunther of Holstein-Glucks- 

burg: lorn Aug. 23, 1891. 

280 (6) H.H. Princess Victoria Irene Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Glucks- 

burg : born May 11, 1894. 

281 3. H.S.H. Ernst Gunther, Duke of Schlesw.-HoLSTEiN-Sond.-AuGUSTENBURG : lorn 

Aug. ii, 1863 ; married (1S98) H.H. Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg (see 180). 

282 4. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Leopold of Prussia (nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Luise Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustenburg) : lorn April 8, i860 ; 
married (1889) to H.R.H. Prince Joacliim Friedrich Leopold of Prussia, 
G.C.V.O. (born Nov. 14, 1865). Issue: 

283 (1) H.R.H. Princess Victoria Margarete Elisabeth Ulrike of Prussia: lorn 

April 17, 1890. 

284 (2) H.R.H. Prince Joachim Friedrich Sigtsmund of Prussia : lorn Dec. 17.1891. 

285 (3) H.R.H. Prince Tassilo Friedrich Carl of Prussia : born April 6, 1893. 
285 (4) H.R.H. Prince Franz Joseph Friedrich Leopold of Prussia: born 

Aug. 27, 1895. 

287 5. H.S.H. Princess Feodora Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holstein-Augustenburg : 

bom July 3, 1874. 

288 V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Princess Feodore Victoria 

Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg): bom 1839; died 1872, having married (1858), 
as his second consort, H.H. George II., present Reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and 
Hildburghausen (born April 2, 1826). [He afterwards man ied raorganatically Helena 
Frances, Baroness von Heldburg. ] Issue (by Duchess Feodora —No. 25 gives one of 
the issue by first consort) : 

289 1. H.H. Prince Ernst Bernhard Victor Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : born Sept. 27, 

1859; married morganatically (1893) Catiiarina, Baroness von Saalfeld (born 
1874) . (Children entitled " Barons and Baroness von Saalfeld.") 

Index to the Royal Family. 

290 2. H.H. Prince Feibdbich Johann Bernhard Moritz of Saxe-Meiningen : born 

Oct. 12, 1881 ; married (1883) H.S.H. Princess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
Lippe-Biesteefeld (eldest daughter of the late Most Illustrious Count _ Ernst, 
and lorn June 22, 1870). [In 1905 the reigning title was advanced to " Prince."] 
Issue : 

291 (1) Princess Carol a Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningek : horn May zq, 


293 (2) Princess Adeekeid Ema Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-Meiningen : lorn 

Aug. 16, 1891. 

293 (3) Prince Geoeg of Saxe-Meiningen : bom Oct. 11, 1S93. 

294 (4) Prince Eknst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meiningen : born Sept. 23, 1835. 

295 (5) Princess Luise Maete Catherina of Saxe-Meiningen : bom March 13, 1899. 
2S5 (6) Prince Bef.nhakd Friedrich Julius Heinrich of Saxe-Meiningen: born 

June 20, 1901. 

^ Note. — The net total is 296 living blood-relations (the apparent 296 has to be first increased by 27 
for those numbers to which a, b, &c. are appended, and then diminished by 32 for deceased relatives) . 
The 291 comprise 11 married couples who are related to His Majesty on both sides. 


*#* There is an unavoidable imperfection in the following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally used. "When, however, a name is found cited under some variation — 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed "Prince Berengar"— a reference to "Prussia" would conduct the 
searcher to the only possible houses under which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert cf Prussia" 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia." German names are usually anglicised in the index, Avbilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Bieiricheiein-Nicolsburg, Dow. Prss 

of, 122 
Dolgorouki—see 123 
Donnersmarck— see Henckel 
Dorothea, Dss. of Holst.-Aug., i3o 
Edinburgh, 1). of (the late), 59 
Edward, Pr. (Leininaen), 252 

„ Albert, Pr. (]Vales), 3 
[Egloffstein, Bass, von und zu, a Bed- 
chamber Woman to U.K. II. Prss. 
Eireac, Prss. (Sparta), 36 
Eitel-Frederiok, Pr. {Prussia), 19 
Eleonore, G. Dss. of Hesse, 52 
Elise, Ker. Prss. of Reuss, 261 
Elizabeth, G. Dss. of Meck.-Sircl., 95 
,, Prss. (Roumauia), 170 [n; 
„ Alexandrina, Ctss. (Glary'-Aldt.), 
„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Rus*.). So 
„ Helena, Prss. ( Thurn & Taxis), 201 
„ Henrietta, Archdss. (Aust.), 2;6 
„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 236 
Emich Chas., Pr. of Leininaen, 247 

„ Ernest, Pr. (Leiningen), zt? 
Emmanuel, D. de Vend6me, 224 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria Eugenie 
Ernest, Her.Pr. of Hohenlnhe-Lang.,^i 
„ Augustus, Pr. ( Cumbd. ), 90 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), sSg 
„ Francis, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 190a 
„ Giinther, D. of Holst.-Aug., 2S1 
„ ■ Henry, Pr. (Saxony), 151 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Suxe-Mein.), 294 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
Eu, Comte d' (Orleans), 217 
Eudoxia, Prss. (Bulgaria). 214 
Felix, Pr. (Lowensiein), 119.2 
Feodora, Ctss. (Gleichen), a53 
„ Prss. of Leininaen, 266 
,, „ ( Holst.-Aug.), 
„ „ (Reuss), 26 
Ferdinand, Pr. of Bulgaria, 211 
,, ,, (Orleans), 221 
„ „ of Roumania, i63 
Fife, D. of, 9 ; daughters, io, 11 
FitsUeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Flanders, Ct. of, 239 ; house, 240-4 

„ see also 224 
Francis, Pr. (Tech), 107 
,, Joseph, Ct. (Nepomuk-P.), izo 
„ „ Her.Pr.of Thvrndo Taxis, 157 
„ „ Pr. (Hohenzollem), 167 
., ,, (\Vindisch-Graiz),zyj 
Frederica, Bnss. vonPaivel-Ramrn.,gx 
Frederick, Empress (the late), i5 
„ Pr. (Holstem-Glucl sb.), 279 
,, Pr. (Saxc-Mcini ngen ) , sy> 

Adalbert, Pr. (Prussia), so 
Adelaide, Pres. (flolst.-Glilelcs.), =73 

„ „ (Saxe-M. ) 2cio & 293 
Adolphus, Pr. (SchiHurJh-L.), 30 

„ Fredk., Her. G. D. of Ms.clc.Sird. 99 
Albany, D. of, 77; Dss. of, 75. 
Albert, Ct. (Men-dorJT-P.-Diet.), 128 

„ D. ( Wilrtemberg), 133 

„ Pr. (Flanders), 242 

„ [Hohen:,-!h:r,0, t 7 5 

„ „ (Schles.-Holst.), 67 

„ Eugene, D. ( Wilrtemberg), 13c 

„ Fredk., Pr. ( Wales), 4 
Alencon, Ferdinand, Dac d', 221 
Alexander, Pr. (Battenberg), 79 

„ „ (Sparta), 33 
„ (Ted:), 10S 

,. Edward, Pr. (Denmark), 14 
Alexandra, Prss. ( Uohnilolie-L.) ,63 % 259 

,, ,, (i! 

„ Fedorovna, Empss. Rush. 57 

,. Victoria, Prss. ( Holot.-GL), 270 
Alexandrine, Ctss. (Dietrichs'ein)' 124 
Alexis, Gd. Dk. (Russia), 58 
Alice, Prss. (TecJc), 76 

„ (the late), 44 
Alix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
Ai: hoase, Ct. v. Memdorf-P. 121 

,, Pr. (Bavaria), 222 
Aiphouso, D. of Oporto, 148 
Anastasia, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 57 
Andrew, Prss. (Greece), 46 
Anhalt, see 63 & 03 
Anne Monica, Prss. {Saxony). 157 
Antoine, Pr. (Orleans), aao 
Antonia. Prss. of Hohenz., Infanta of 

Portugal, 163 
Antony, Pr. (Saxe-Cob. ), 192 
Apponyi. Ctss. 129 
Argyll, D. of, 70 
[Aribert, Pr. (Anhalt), see 69] 
Armagh, E. of, "7 
Arthur Aug., Ct. (Mensd.-P.), 130 

,, Patrick IConnnnakl), 7-. 
Ast arias, Pr. of. Sea 
Augusta, Archdss. (Austria), 201 

„ Victoria, Prss. (Hobnie.). 105 
Augustus Charles, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), id 

„ Leopold, Pr. (do.), 1S3 

„ William, Pr. (Prussia), 21 
Austria, Archd. Joseph of, 194; house, 
195-205 [159-&) 

„ „ Otho F. Jos. of, 138 : house, 

„ see also 132-3, 231, and Directory 
Ausiria-Tuscanu— sen x«z, 183 
Baden, Prss. Marie Alex. of,'S5 
„ see also $k, s« 

Battlet de Latour, Ct., 113 
Battenberg, Prss. Henry of, 78 ; house. 
79-82. See also Dikectory 
„ Louis, Pr. of, 45 ; house, 46-9 
Bavaria, Pr. Aiphonse cf, 222 
„ D. Max. Em. of, house. 208-10 
„ see also 190, 201, 242, and Di R ecto hy 
Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), 78 

„ „ (Saxe-Cob urg), 64 
fir.ja (Portugal), D. of, 147 
Belgians, K. of, 233 : house, 234-8 
Belgium— scq 173, 178, and Flanders 
Bernhard, Pr. of Saxe-Mein., 23 a 296 
Bertliold, Pr. ( Baden), S6a 
Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 232 
Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 212 
Bourbon-Sicily— sec 164 
Braganza (Port.), D. of, 146 
Brazil— see 181, 217 
Bronn, Bnss. von, 234 
Brunswick— see 83, 94 
Bulgaria, Ferd. Pr. of, 231; issue, 212-3 
Cambridge, D. of (the late), 93 
Carol, Pr. (Roumauia), 169 
Carola, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 291 
Caroline Maria Immac, Archdss. 
(Saxe-Cob.), 183 
„ Matilda, Dss. ( Holsl.-GUcks.), 280 
Charles, Pr. (Belgium), 244 
,, ,, (Denmark), 13 
„ Alexander, D.( \V arternberg), 135 
„ Antony, Pr. (Hohenzollern), 173 
„ August, Pr. (Thurn & T.), 19S 
„ Borwin, D. (Meck.-Slrcl.), 100 
„ Edward, D. of Saxe-Cob. , 77 
„ Fras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 159 
„ Philip, Pr. (Orleans), 227a 
„ Theodore, Pr. (Belg.), 244 
Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., 25 
Christian, Pr. (Scale swig- Hoist.), 65' 
Christopher, D. (Bavaria), 209 

Pr. (Hesse), 43 
Clarence, D. of (the late), 1 
Olary-Aldringen, Cts. &c, 114-7 
Clementine, Prss. (Belgium), 233 

,, Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 133 
Clothiide, Archdss. (Austria), 193 
Connaught, D. of, 71 ; house, 72-4 
Constantino, D. of Sparta, 31 
Cumberland, D. of, 84 ; house, 85-90 
Cyril, Pr. of Preslav (Bulgaria), 213 
Czartoryski, Pr. 229; house, 230-303 
Danilo, Cr. Pr. of Montenegro, §3 
Denmark, Pr. Charles of. 13 
Denmark— see also 84 and Directory 
; 'i:-.7 richrtein-Xisolsburg, Prs. and Cts. 
of, OA 7 



The Royal Family. 

Frederick, Augustus HE., King of 
Saxony, 151 
„ Charles, Pr. (Hesse), 37 

s, „ (Leiningen), 250 
,, „ ,, (Prussia), 283 
„ Christian, Pr. (Saxony), 153 
„ Edward, Pr. (Teck), 106a 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Pruss.), 282 & 286 
„ Sigismund, do. (do.), 284 
„ Victor, Pr. (Hohemoll.), 166 
„ William, Pr. (Hesse), 38 

Gaston, Cte. d'Eu [Orleans), 217 

Genevieve, Prss. (Orleans), 227 

George, Pr. ( Battenberg), 48 
,, „ (Saxe-Meiningen), 293 
,, „ (Saxony), 152 
„ „ (Sparta), 32 
„ „ (Teck), 104 
„ „ (Wales), 7 
,, Donatus, Pr. (Hesse), 52a 
„ II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 288 

German Emperor, 17 ; Empress, 273 
house, 18-24 

Germany— see Prussia 

Gleichen, Ct. 260; house, 267-71 

Gottfried, Pr. (Hehenl), 257 

Greece, Pr. Royal of, 31 
„ see Directory 

Gustavus Adolphus, Prss. (Sived. ), 72 

Haakon VII., King of Norway, 13 

Hanover, see Cumberland 

Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 
„ Prss. (Holst.-GlUcksbg.), 277 
„ „ (Schles.-Holstein), 65 
„ „ (Sparta), 34 
„ (Teck), 106 

Henckel, Ct. 118 

Henry, Pr. (Prussia), 27 ; Prss., 51 
,, (Wales), 6 
„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Reuss, 

261 ; XXX. (do.), 25 
„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. (do.), 254-5 
Hermann, Pr. (Leiningen), 251 
Hesse, G. D. of, 52 

„ Pr.Predk. Chas. of, 37; sons 38-43 
Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Hohenlohe-Lang., Pr. of, 255 ; house, 
256-66 ; Prss. Victor of, 267 
Hohemollern, Pr. of, 163 ; house, 164-76 
Hoist- Augustenburg, D.of,28i; Dss.i3o 
„ „ D. Fredk. of, house, 273-87 
„ „ Pr. Christian of, 65 ; house, 

Holst.-Glucksburg, D. of, 274 ; house, 
275-80 : see Directory 

Hungary— see 233 

Immaculata, Prss. (Saxe-Cdb.), 193 

Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 

Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 260 

Isabella, Ctsse. A' Eu (Orleans), 217 

Italy— see 144. 211 

Jaime, Pr. (Spain), 80b 

Jametel, Ct., 96 

Joachim, Pr. (Pruss.), «3 

John, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 77a 
„ Charles, Pr. ( Wales), 8 
„ George, Pr. (Saxony), 161 

Joseph, Archdss. (Austria), 194 
„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 202 
„ Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 223 
„ Francis, Archd. (Austria), 203 

Josephine, Prss. (Hohemoll.), 241 

Kinsley, house, 113-20 

Ladislas, Archd. (Austria), 205 

Leiningen, Pr. of, 246 ; house, 247-52 

Leopold, Pr. (Battenberg), Si 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 179 
„ IT., K. of Belgians, 233 
,, Philippe, Pr. (Belg.), 243 

Leopoldine, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 
Lippe-B iesterfeld—see 290 

Lonyay, Ct., 235 

Louis, Pr. of Battenberg, 45; Pr. 
Louis, 49 
,, Pr. (Orleans), 219 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 191 
„ „ Pr. (Thurn dt Taxis), 199 

Louisa, Prss. (Battenberg), 47 
„ Adelaide, Prss. (Jteuss), 263 
„ Augusta, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.), 69 
„ Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 295 

Louisa, Sophia, Prss. (Prussia), 282 

Louise, Prss. (Dss. of Fife), 9 
„ „ (Dss. of Argyll), 7& 
,i „ (Belg.), 234 
,, Auguste, Prss. (Schles.-Holst.), 69 

Lowenstein, Pr. & Prss. of, 119-19^ 

Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 210 

Machell, Lady V.— see " Valda." 

Manuel (Portugal), King of, 147 

Margaret, Prss. (Greece), 46a 
,. (Saxony), 155 

„ ,, of Thurn <& Taxis, 195 
,, Mary, Dss. ( Wurtemb.), 139 

Marguerite, Prss. (Czartoryski), 230 

Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Streliiz), 96 
,, Prss. ( Hohenlohe), 258 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 186 
„ Amelia, Dss. ( Wurtemberg), 137 
„ Doroth. Amel., Dss. (Orleans), 194 
„ Pia, Dow. Qn. of Portugal, 154 
„ Theresa, Archdss. (Austria), 133 
„ „ Dss. ( Wurtmb.), 138 
,. „ Her. Prss. of Hohenz., 164 

Marie, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 56 
„ Prss. (Hohemollern), 175 
,, ,, (Roumania), 168 & 171 
„ Alexandra, Prss. (.Baden.), 86 
,, Alice, Prss. (Saxony), 156 
„ Alexandrovna, G. Dss. &c, 59 
„ Amalie, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 137 
„ Jose, Prss. (Belg.), 244a 
„ Louise, Prss. (Orleans), 225 

Matilda, Prss. (Saxony), 150 

Maud, Queen of Norway, 13 
„ Prss. (U.K.), 11 

Maurice, Pr. (Battenberg), 82 

Max Emmanuel, Pr. (Thurn & T.), 200 

Maximilian, Archdes. (Mexico), 245 
,, Prss. (Baden), 85 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ „ (Saxony), 162 
„ Eugene, Archd. ( Aust), 160 

May, Prss. (Teck), 108a 

Mecklenb.-Schwerin, Gd. Dss. of, 88 

Mecklenb.-Slrelitz, Dow. Gd. Dss. of, 
94, Gd. D. 95 ; house, 96 ico 

Mensdorff-Pouilly, house, 109-30 
„ „ Alphonse, Ct. von, 121 
„ „ Hugo, Ct. von, 123 


Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 245 

Militza, Cr. Prss. of Montenegro, 98 

Nadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 215 

Naples— see Bourbon-Sicily 

Nemours, Due de, 227a 

Nepomuk-Paschalis,Gt. Fras. J. v., 120 

Netherlands— see 75 

Nicholas II., Emp. of Russia, S3 
,, Pr. (Roumania) 172 

Norway, King of, 13 

Oberndorff, Ctss. no 

Olaf, Crn. Pr. of Norway, 14 

Oldenburg— see 19 

Olga, Ctss. (Dielr.-Nicolsb.), 125 
„ G. Dss. (Russia), 54 
„ Prss. (Cumberland), 89 
„ „ v. Dietriclistein-N., jz3 

Oporto, D. of, 148 

Orleans, D. of, 195 
„ Pr. Emmanuel of, 224 
,, „ Ferdinand of, 221 ; house,a22-7 
„ ,, Gaston of, 217 ; house, 218-20 
,, Prss. Blanche of, 232 
„ see also 145, 177 

Oscar, Pr. (Prussia), 22 

Otho Fras., Archdss. (Aust.), 158 

Otto, Pr. ( Windisch-Grutz), 236 

Parma— see 211 

Taul, Pr. (Sparta), 35 

Pawel-Rammingen, Bn. von, 91 

Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 182 [133-9 

Philip, D. ( Wurtemberg), 132; house, 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 
„ ,, (Saxe-Coburg), 178 & 188 
„ Albert, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 134 

Pierre, Pr. (Orleans), 218 

Portugal, Antonia, Infanta of, 163 
,, Dow. Qn. of, 144 
,, King of, 145 ; house, 144-8 
„ see also 217 

Preslav (Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 

Proskau- Leslie— see 122 
Prussia, Fredc. III. of, house, 17-43 
,, Pr. Fredk. Leop. of, 282 
„ William II. of, 17 ; house, 1S-24 
„ see also 71 
Rainer, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 187 
Raphael, Pr. (Thurn & T.), 201a 
Reuss, Her. Pr. of, 263 : house, 262-5 

„ Prss. Heinrich XXX. of, 26 
Richard, Pr. ( Hesse), 42 
Robert, D. ( Wurtemberg), 141 
I' Rumania, Pr. of, 168; house, 160-72 
Rudolf, Pr. (Windisch-Grutz), 237b 
Russia, Emp. of, 53; house, 54-8 
„ G. Dss. Sergius of, 50 
„ see also 59 and Directory 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 289 
Savoy, Prss. of, 144 

Saxe-Coburg, D. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 59 ; 
house, 60-4 

„ Pr. Augustus of, 181 ; house 182-91 
Saxe-Meiningen, Her. Pr. of, 25 

„ Prss. Feodora of. 26 

„ George II. of, 2S8 ; house, 289-56 
Saxony, King of, 151 ; house, 150 62 

„ Pr. John George of, 161 
Scania, Dss. of, 72 

Schaumburg-Lippe, Pr. Adolphus 
Schlesvng- Hoist., Pr. Christian of, 65; 
house, 66-9 
„ see Holstein and note to No. 65 
Sergius, G. Dss. (Russia), 50 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary- Aldring en), 114 

,, D. (Bavaria), zo3 
Sigismund, Pr. (Prussia), 29 
Sophia, Archdss. (Austria), 204 
„ Ctss. (Kinsley), 113 
,, Dss. (Sparta), 31 
„ Prss. (OrZeans), 226 
Spain, King of, 80 
Sparta, D. of. 31 ; house, 32-6 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 235 
„ Prss. (Hohemollern), 174 
Sweden, Prss. Gustavus of, 72 
Tatiaua, Gd. Dss. (Russia), 55 
Teck, D. of ,103 ; house, 102-8 
Theodora, Prss. (Greece), 46?) 
Theresa, Ctss. (Clary- Aid ringen), 114 
Preslav (Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 

„ Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 189 [201a 
Thurn & Taxis, Pr. of, 196; house, 197- 
Thyra, Dss. of Cumberland^ 
Tirnova (Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of, 212 
Tsarevitch, The, 58 
Tuscany— see 151, 1S3 
Ulrich, D. ( Wurtemberg), 142 
Upland, D. of, 720 
" Valda," Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
Venddme, Due de, 224 
Victor, Prss. (Hohenl.), 267 
Victoria, Ctss. (Gleichen), 270 
,, Prss. (Leiningen), 248 
„ ,, (Reuss), 262 
„ „ (Schaumbura-L.), 30 
„ (Schh'swin- Hoist.), 68 
„ (U.K.), 12 
,, Queen of Spain, 80 
„ Adel., Prss. (Holst.-GlucJcs.), 27S 
„ Alexandra, Piss. ( ])'ales), 5 
„ Constance, Prss. (Teck), 105 
„ Eugenie, Queen (Spain), 80 
„ Louisa, Prss. (Prussia), 24 
„ Margaret, do. (do.), 283 
„ Mary, Prss. of Wales, 103 
„ Melita, Prss. (Saxe-Cob.), 62 
,, Patricia, Prss. (Connaughi), 74 
Waldeck <& Pyrmoni—see 75 
Waldemar, Pr. (Prussia), 28 
Wales, Pr. of, 2 ; house, 3-8 
Wcsterbotten, D. or, 72a 
"Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, n3 
William, Her. Pr. of Hohemoll. , 164 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, xS 
„ II., German Emperor, 17 
,, Fredk., Pr. (Germ.), 18a 
Windisch-Grdtz, house, 236^ 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 231 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
Wurth, D. of— see Thurn & Taxis 
Wurtemberg, D. Philip of, 132 ; house, 

Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 117 


21 00 



H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic : 

H.I.M. "William II., German Emperor surviving children and grandchildn. 

H.R.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen .., 

H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia 

H.R.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe 

H.R.H. Sophia, Duchess of Sparta 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse 

H.M. Edward VII. : 

H.R.H. George, Prince of Wales 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria 

H.R.H. Maud, Princess Charles of Denmark 

H.R.H. the late Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse : 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Henry above) 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse 

H.I.M. Alexandra, Empress of Russia 

H.R.H. the late Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg aud Gotha : 

H.R.H. Princess Ferdinand of Roumania 

H.R.H. Victoria Melita, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein : 

H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 
H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. the Duchess of Scania 2 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught. 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 
H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 

H.R.H. Princess Alice of Teck. 

H.R.H. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg „ 1 

H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg: 
H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 

H M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain 1 

H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 
H.H. Prince Maurice of Battenberg. 

Total number of Queen Victoria's Descendants 55 


The rules furnished earlier on, with reference to the Descent of the Nobility, will enable any 
person to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only 
difference to be observed being that daughters are eligible for succession in order of their own 
seniority, but not till after the youngest of the sons. Thus after the Prince of Wales and his five 
sons would come his daughter ; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children of the 
eldest in preference to the second sister ; then the second daughter of the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, 
his eldest daughter, now the Crown Princess of Roumania, having formally renounced on her 
marriage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg branch, 
we treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thus exhausted the families of all her 
late Majesty's sons we turn to her daughters, beginning with the house of the late Empress Frederic, 
and thus, just beyond the 20th on the list, we arrive stf, the German Emperor, and at this point it 
may well appear that the investigation has gone far enough. It may, however, be worth noting that 
granddaughters who are descended frcjm sons will by the above law take precedence of daughters 
even if these are older than those sons (the daughter of the late Duke of Albany ranking prior to 
the line of the late Empress Frederic), as well as precedence of such sons as are not elder. Compare 
her late Majesty's succession in preference to the Duke of Cumberland. 

Observations on Genealogical Table. 119 


It will at once be noticed that the Hanover Line is here exhibited, by thick lines, and that of 
Saxe-Coburg by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the 1st and 3rd 
places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Frederick Duke 
of York, who died in 1827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Charlotte, Princess Royal, who must 
be carefully distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 
and first consort of King Leopold I., whose death in childbirth (1817) caused such general regret. 
Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two more daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Eliza- 
beth, then the Dukes of Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, and lastly the Princesses Mary, Sophia, 
and Elizabeth, and the infant Princes Octavius and Alfred. To avoid overcrowding we have had to 
omit these five names from the table as well as those of the before-mentioned daughters. 

Tiuning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Reigning 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalf eld from 1800 till his death in 1806. He was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthony, Duke Emest I. of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter Principality 
having been acquired by a family compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meiningen. The 
Duke died in 1844 and was followed by the elder of his two sons, Emest Augustus Charles, Duke 
Ernest H., the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.R.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and 
he in turn by his nephew the Duke of Albany. As elsewhere notified, the succession would 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of Wales (now King Edward VII.) as eldest son of the Prince 
Consort, the preceding Duke's brother ; but His Royal Highness, as heir to the English throne, 
had formally renounced his claim in 1863. 

Returning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess 
of Mensdorff-Pouilly and Duchess Alexander of Wurtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand, 
whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, whilst the 2nd married a Princess of the Bourbon- 
Orleans House, and a datighter became Duchess of Nemours. Some of the descendants of these 
returned by marriage to Saxe-Coburg or passed to Saxony, Hohenzollern, Bavaria, or Austria, which 
States, with the already noted Belgium, 'Wurtemberg, Portugal, France, and others that might 
be added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen, Mecklenburg, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, 
Bulgaria, Roumania, Russia, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, and Norway, make up 
very nearly the whole of Europe for the regions into which our present Royal Family has spread or 
from which its alliances have been drawn. The three pages following furnish the evidence for this. 

Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Princeijses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
table : the former, Princess Juliana, married the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, but after twenty- 
four years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
child, the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
mentioned, who, after the death of the Princess Charlotte, married the eldest daughter of King Louis 
Philippe, by whom he became father of his present Majesty, King Leopold II. We have reserved 
for the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the Princess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late 
Majesty Queen Victoria, but in the first place wife of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 
was Reigning Prince of Leiningen, and whose two children, Prince Charles Emich his successor and 
Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents 
(especially the latter) of the extensive lines of first cousins of His Majesty numbered 246-96 in our 
list of the Royal Relatives. 

After the death of Piince Emich Charles the Princess Victoria married the Duke of Kent, and their 
only issue was our late Queen. By their marriage the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg 
were again united after the unhappy severing of their former alliance by the death of Princess 
Charlotte ; but the subsequent union of her late Majesty with Prince Albert, son of Duke Ernest 
I., effected a second amalgamation from which the two Houses have seemed to become practically 

The death of Queen Victoria occurred on the 22nd of January, 1901, in the 82nd year of her age and 
the 64th of her reign— distinguished as being the longest in English history. The nearest approach 
to it, that of George IH., was clearly short of 60, and it is singular that the only other Monarchs who 
attained to a sovereignty of half a century were also both of them the third of their respective names- 
Henry IIL, 56, and Edward III., 50. 

i2o The Royal Family. 


**# The following list consists in large degree of references to the preceding table of the E,oyal Family ; the 
paragraphs in fuller form are thus all but restricted either to alliances which are themselves wholly past (reaching 
>ack to Henry VIII.) or to those which are derived through some member earlier than her late Majesty. 

States or Houses having a star (*) prefixed were sovereign at the dates cited but are so no longer. 

Anhalt.— See "Elizabeth" (95). 

See "Louisa Margaret" (71), who is a niece of 
Frederick, the reigning Duke. 

*Anspach. — George II., then hered. Prince, to 
Caroline, daughter of Margrave John Frederick : 

Frederica Louisa, daughter of King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, and niece of George II., to 
Margrave Charles "William : 1729. 

Austria. — "Victor Emanuel I., then Prince of 
Sardinia, great grandson of Anne of Orleans, 
granddaughter of Charles I., to Theresa, daughter 
of Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria : 1789. 

Maria Anna, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Emperor Ferdinand I., then Arch- 
duke: 1831. 

See " Maria Theresa " (132), " Margaret Sophia" 
U33)> "Otho Fras. Joseph" (158), "Joseph" 
(194), "Maria" (195 and 233), "Rudolph" (235), 
and "Maximilian" (245). For the Tuscan branch 
see "Louise Antoinette" (151), and "Caroline 
Maria Immaculata " (183). 

Baden. — Frederick "William, eventually Duke 
of Brunswick, great grandson of George II., to 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Margrave Charles 
Frederick : 1802. 

See "Marie " (246), and "Leopoldina" (255). 

Bavaria. — Elizabeth, daughter of James I., to 
Frederick V. of the Palatinate : 1613. 

Francis V., then hered. Duke of Modena, and 
lineal descendant of the above Anne of Orleans, 
to Adelgonde, daughter of King Louis I. : 1842. 

Maria Theresa, daughter of Ferdinand, brother 
of the above Francis V., to Louis, son of Luitpold, 
Prince Regent of Bavaria : 1868. 

See "Augusta" (202), "Maximilian Emanuel" 
(207), "Sophie" (221), and "Alphonse" (222). 

*Batreuth. — Frederica, daughter of King 
Frederick "William I. of Prussia, and niece of 
George II., to Frederick, afterwards reigning 
Margrave: 1731. 

Belgium. — Edward, Duke of Kent, son of 
George III., to Victoria Louisa, daughter of 
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and sister 
of Prince Leopold, afterwards King Leopold I. : 

King Leopold I., uncle of Q,ueen Victoria, to 
Louisa, daughter of Louis Philippe, King of 
the French, and lineal descendant of Elizabeth 
Charlotte, great granddaughter of James I. : 1832. 

See "Louise" (234), and "Josephine" (240). 

*Bonaparte. — Catherine, daughter of King 
Frederick I. of Wiirtemberg, and great-niece of 
George III., to Jerome, afterwards King of "West- 
phalia, brother of Napoleon I. : 1807. 

Brazil. — Francis, Prince de Joinville, son of 
King Louis Philippe, to Francisca, daughter of 
the Emperor Pedro I. : 1843. 

See "Leopoldina" (181), and "Isabella" (217). 

*Brunswick. — Frederick II. (the Great) of 
Prussia, then Crown Prince, nephew of George II., 
to Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Ferdinand Albert : 

Philippine, daughter of the above King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, to Charles, then hered. 
Duke : 1733. 

August William, Prince of Prussia, son of King 
Frederick William I., to Louisa Amelia, daughter 
of Duke Ferdinand Albert : 1742. 

Augusta, daughter of Frederick, Prince of 
Wales, and sister of George III., to Charles 
William, afterwards reigning Duke : 1764. 

Frederick William II., then Crown Prince of 
Prussia, great-nephew of George II., to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Duke Charles : 1765. 

George IV., then Prince of Wales, to Caroline, 
daughter of Charles William, reigning Duke: 1795. 

Bulgaria. — Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg elected 
Prince : see 211. 

*Cleves. — Henry VIII. to Anne, daughter of 
Duke John III. : 1540. 

Denmark. — James I. to Anne, daughter of King 
Frederick II. : 1589. 

Anne, daughter of James II., to Prince George, 
brother of King Christian V. : 1683. 

Louisa, daughter of George II., to Frederick, 
then Crown Prince, afterwards King Frederick V. : 

Landgrave William IX., then hered. Prince of 
Hesse-Cassel, grandson of George II., to Wil- 
helmine Caroline, daughter of King Frederick V. : 

Charles, son of Frederick II., Landgrave of 
Hesse Cassel, and grandson of George II., to 
Louisa, daughter of King Frederick V. : 1766. 

Caroline Matilda, daughter of Frederick, Prince 
of Wales, and sister of George III., to King 
Christian VII. : 1766. 

Marie, daughter of Robert, Duke of Chartres, 
grandson of King Louis Philippe, to Waldemar, 
son of King Christian IX. : 1885. 

See "H.M. Queen Alexandra " and "Thyra" 

France.— Mary, daughter of Henry VII., to 
King Louis XII. : 1514. 

Charles I. to Henrietta Maria, daughter of King 
Henry IV. : 1625. 

Henrietta Anna, daughter of Charles I., to 
Philip I., Duke of Orleans, brother of King 
Louis XIV. : 1661. 

Elizabeth Charlotte, daughter of the Elector 
Charles Louis of the Palatinate, and great grand- 
daughter of James I., to Philip I., Duke of 
Orleans, brother of King Louis XIV. : 1671. 

Maria Louisa, daughter of Victor Amadeus 
III., of Sardinia, and great granddaughter of 
Anne of Orleans, to Louis, afterwards King 
Louis XVIII. : 1771. 

Theresa, daughter of Victor Amadeus III. of 
Sardinia, and great granddaughter of Anne of 
Orleans, to Charles, afterwards King Charles X., 
grandfather of Henry, Count of Chambord : 1773. 

Leopold I., as above under Belgium. 

Maria Theresa, daughter of Francis IV. of 
Modena, and lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Henry, Count of Chambord, son of 
Charles, Duke of Berry, and grandson of King 
Charles X.: 1846. 

See "Marie" (131), "Marie Amelie " (145), 
"Clementine" (177), and "Nemours" (216); 
the second of these was herself already connected 
with our royal line, being one of the numerous 


lineal descendants of Elizabeth Charlotte, great 
granddaughter of James I. 

Greece.— King Edward VII. to Alexandra of 
Denmark, sister of George I. : 1863. 

See " Constantine " (31). 

*Hanover.— Sophia, daughter of Frederick V. 
of the Palatinate, and granddaughter of James I., 
to Ernest Augustus, afterwards Elector: 1658. 
("With her son, George I., commenced the English 
line of the House of Hanover.) 

*Hesse-Cassel. — Mary, daughter of George II., 
to Prince, afterwards Landgrave, Frederick II. : 

Henry Louis, son of King Frederick William I. 
of Prussia, and nephew of Geoxge II., to Wd- 
helmine, daughter of Maximilian, brother of 
Landgrave William VIII. : 1752. 

Adolphus Frederick, son of George III., to 
Augusta, daughter of Landgrave Frederick : 1818. 

Hesse (-Darmstadt). — Frederick William II., 
then Crown Prince of Prussia, great-nephew of 
George II., to Frederica Louisa, daughter of 
Landgrave Louis IX. : 1769. 

See"Fredk. Charles" (37), and "Louis IV." 

*Hesse -Homburg. — Elizabeth, daughter of 
George III., to Landgrave Frederick, then hered. 
Prince: 1818. 

*Hohenzollern.— See "Leopold" (163), and 
" Maria " (239). 

Italy.— Prince Napoleon, son of Jerome, King 
of Westphalia, and great great-nephew of George 
III., to Clothilde, daughter of King Victor 
Emanuel II. : 1859. 

See "Maria Pia " (144) . 

*Leiningen.— See 246-53. 

Mecklexburg-Schwerin.— Ferdinand, Duke of 
Orleans, son of King Louis Philippe, to Helen, 
daughter of hered. Grand Duke Frederick Louis : 

See "Cacilie" (18) and "Fredk. Francis IV." 

Meciclenbueg-Strelitz. — King George III. to 
Sophia Charlotte, daughter of Duke Charles 
Louis Frederick : 1761 . 

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of 
George III., to Frederica, daughter of Grand 
Duke Charles Louis Frederick : 1815. 

See "Fredk. William " (94). 

Augusta, daughter of Adolphus, Duke of 
Cambridge, son of George III., to Frederick, 
then hered. Grand Duke : 1843. 

*Mexico.— See "Maximilian" (245). 

*Modena.— James II. to Mary, daughter of 
Duke Alphonso II. : 1673. 

Charlotte, daughter of Duke Philip II. of 
Orleans, and lineal descendant of James I., to 
Francis III., then hered. Prince : 1720. 

Maiia Beatiix, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, and lineal descendant of Anne of 
Oileans, to Duke Francis IV., her own uncle : 1812. 

^Naples. — Louis Philippe, afterwards King of 
the French, to Marie Amelia, daughter of King 
Ferdinand IV., also called Ferdinand I. : 1809. 

Maria Chr istina, daughter of Victor Emanuel I. 
of Sardinia, to Ferdinand II. : 1832. 

Henry, son of King Louis Philippe, to Caroline, 
daughter of Prince Leopold of Salerno, brother of 
King Francis I. ; 1844. 

Duke Eobert of Parma, lineal descendant of 
Anne of Orleans, to Maria Pia, daughter of King 
Ferdinand II. : 1869. 

See " Maria Theresa " (164) . 

*Nassau-TJsingen. — Frederick, son of Frederick 
II. of Hesse-Cassel, and grandson of George II., 

Alliances. 121 

to Caroline, daughter of Prince Charles William : 

Netherlands. — Mary, daughter of Charles I., 
to William, afterwards William II. : 1641. 

Mary, daughter of James II., to William III. : 

Anne, daughter of George II., to William, 
afterwards W illiam IV. : 1737. 

Frederica Sophia, daughter of Augustus 
William, Prince of Prussia, and great-niece of 
George II., to William V. : 1767. 

Charles George, hered. Duke of Brunswick, to 
Frederica, daughter of William V., and great 
granddaughter of George II. : 1790. 

Sophia, daughter of King William I. of 
Wiirtemberg, and great great-niece of George III., 
to King William III., then Crown Prince : 1839. 

See "Helena" (75). 

Norway.— See "Haakon VII." (13). 

Oldenburg. — Elizabeth, daughter of Prince 
Frederick Charles of Prussia, and sister of Louisa 
Margaret, Duchess of Connaught, to Augustus, 
hered. Grand Duke : 1878. 

See "Sophie" (19). 

*Parma. — ■ Maria Theresa, daughter of the 
above Victor Emanuel I. of Sardinia, to Duke 
Charles II., then Crown Prince : 1820. 

Louisa., daughter of Charles, Duke of Berry, 
son of King Charles X. of France, and lineal 
descendant of Anne of Orleans, to Charles HI.,, 
then hered. Duke : 1845. 

See " Maria Louisa " (211) . 

*Poland.— The Old Pretender, otherwise called 
James III., son of James II., to Maria Clemen- 
tina, granddaughter of King John Sobieski : 1719. 

Portugal.— Charles II. to Catherine, daughter 
of King John IV. : 1662. 

Duke Eobert of Parma, lineal descendant of 
Anne of Orleans, to Maria Antonia, daughter of 
Dom Miguel, younger brother of the Emperor 
Pedro I. of Brazil (Pedro IV. of Portugal) : 1884. 

See " Maria II." (143) and " Isabella " (217). 

Prussia. — Sophia Charlotte, daughter of the 
Elector Ernest Augustus of Hanover, and of 
Sophia, granddaughter of James I., to King 
Frederick I., then Crown Prince : 1584. 

Sophia Dorothea, daughter of George I., to 
Frederick William I., then Crown Prince : 1700. 

William V., of the Netherlands, grandson of 
George II., to Frederica Sophia, daughter of 
Prince Augustus William of Prussia, and sister 
of King Frederick William II. : 1767. 

Frederick, Duke of York, son of George III., to 
Frederica, daughter of King Frederick William 
II. : 1791- 

See " Frederic " (16), " Henry ' ' (27) , ' ' Louisa 
Margaret" (71), and "Fredk. Leopold" (282). 

Reuss — See " Henry XXVII." (261). 

Roujiania. — See "Ferdinand" (168). 

Russia. — King William I. of Wurtemberg, 
then Crown Prince, great-nephew of George III., 
to Catherine Paulovna, daughter of the Emperor 
Paul I.: 1816. 

Chailes I., King of Wurtemberg, then Crown 
Prince, great great-nephew of George III., to 
Olga, daughter of the Emperor Nicholas I. : 1846. 

Dagmar^ sister of Queen Alexandra, and 
daughter of King Christian IX. of Denmark, to 
Alexander III., then heir to the Crown of Russia : 

See "Sergius" (50), "Nicholas II. " (53), 
" Marie Alexandrovna " (59), and " Cyril" (65). 

*Sardinia. — Anne, daughter of Philip I., Duke 
of Orleans, and granddaughter of Charles I., to 


The Royal Family. 

Victor Amadeus II., afterwards King of Sardinia : 

Saxe-Altenbueg.— See "Marie" (83). 

Mary, daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of 
Prussia, and sister of Louisa Margaret, Duchess of 
Gonnaught, to Prince Albert, first cousin of 
Ernest, the reigning Duke : 1885. 

Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Saxe-Coburg-Gotua. 
—Charlotte, daughter of George IV., to Leopold, 
afterwards King Leopold I., son of Francis, Duke 
of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld : 1816. 

Edward, Duke of Kent, son of George ILL., to 
Victoria Louisa, daughter of Francis, Duke of 
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld : 1818. To this succeeds 
the marriage of Q,uecn Victoria to her first cousin 
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and thence- 
forward, from this double union, the Houses of 
England and Saxe-Coburg become practically 

*S axe-Goth a . — Frederick Louis, son of George 
II., to Augusta, daughter of Duke Frederick II. : 

Saxe-Meiningen.— William IV., then Duke of 
Clarence, son of George III., to Adelaide, 
daughter of Duke George : 1818. 

See " Bernhard " (25) and " George II." (288). 

Saxe-Weimar. — Augusta, daughter of King 
William I. of Wurtemberg, and great-great-niece 
of George III., to Prince Herrmann, first cousin 
of the late reigning Duke Charles Alexander : 1851 . 

Saxony.— See "George" (149). 

ScHAUiiBUEG-LirPE.— See " Adolphus" (30). 

*Schleswig-Hol3teix. — See "Augusta Vic- 
toria" (273) and "Christian" (65). 

*Schwedt.— Sophia Dorothea, daughter of the 
above King Frederick^ William I. of Prussia, to 
I andgrave Frederick vVilliam : 173d. 

Augustus Ferdinand, son of King Frederick 
William I. of Prussia, to Anne Elizabeth Louisa, 
his own niece, daughter of Landgrave Frederick 
William: 1755. 

Spatn.— Arthur, eldest son (1501), and subse- 
quently Henry VIII, , 2nd son, of Henry VII., to 
Catherine, daughter of Ferdinand V. of Arragon, 
and Isabella of Castille : 1509. 

Queen Mary, daughter cf Henry VIII., to King 
Philip II. : 1554. 

Mary, daughter of Philip I., Duke of Orleans, 
and granddaughter of Charles I., to King Charles 

II. : 1679. 

Maria Louisa, daughter of Victor Amadeus II. 
of Sardinia, and of Anne of Orleans, to Philip V. : 

Antony, son of King Louis Philippe, to Louisa, 
daughter of King Ferdinand VII. : 1846. 

Maria Beatrix, daughter of Irancis IV. of 
Modena, and lineal descendant of the above Anne 
of Orleans, to Don John, Pretender to the throne 
of Spain, nephew of King Ferdinand VII. : 1847. 

Margaret, daughter of Duke Charles III. of 
Parma, and lineal descendant of Anne of Orleans, 
to Don Carlos, Pretender to the throne of Spain, 
great-nephew of King Ferdinand VII. : 1867. 

Maria de las Mercedes, daughter of Antony, 
Duke of Montpcnsier, son of King Louis Philippe, 
to King Alfonso XII. : 1878. 

See "Alfonso XIII." (80). 

Sweden. — Louisa, daughter of King Frederick 
William 1. of Prussia, and niece of George II., to 
Adolph Frederick, then. Crown Prince, afterv/ards 
King : 1744. 

See " Gustavus Adolphus" (72). 

*Tuscany. — Alice, daughter of Duke Charles 

III. of Parma, and lineal descendant of Anne of 
Orleans, to Grand Duke Ferdinand IV. : 1868. 

See ' ' Austria ' ' (at end) . 

Waldecx.— See "Helena " (75). 

Wurtemberg.— Augusta Caroline, daughter of 
Duke Charles William of Brunswick, and niece of 
George III., to Frederick, Prince, afterwards 
King Frederick I. (called also Frederick II.) : 1780. 

Charlotte Augusta, daughter of King George 
III., as 2nd consort to the above Prince Frederick : 

Antoinetta, sister of the Duchess of Kent and 
aunt of Oueen Victoria, to Duke Alexander 
Frederick, uncle of the King of Wurtemberg 
(see series 131-42) : 1798. 

*Zell.— George I., then hered. Prince, to Sophia 
Dorothea, daughter and heiress of Duke George 
William of Brunswiek-Liineburg-Zell : 1&82. 

Note.— The above list, which had been omitted from our issues of 1904-5-6-7, is now 
reintroduced, and, though occupying less space, it comprises every one of the original notices, 
together with several of marriages which have since occurred. The reduction in space is solely 
due to a cutting-down of the formal wordiness and needless repetitions which had previously 
been so conspicuous. With this process, however, a note has disappeared which reinarked on 
the frequent double ceremonies of marriage, the former often by proxy, which were observed 
when the parties were of different religions. 







The system of alphabetical arrangement is carried consistently out, to the entire 
ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a single alphabet. We accord- 
ingly adopt the following order in cases of more than one person having the same 
surname or title: — First a surname standing alone (family name); then the titles of 
honour, in the alphabetical order — Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop, Count, Duke, 
Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord, Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Viscount 
(the widows of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as "Baron," 
"Baron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady" and " Lady " being used almost 
exclusively as references ; then follow those having a Christian name in the heading 
(chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain, Hon., Lady, Lord, Reverend, 
&c, being printed in small letters and wholly ignored in the alphabetising. A Baronet 
or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname, Baronets are arranged in the alphabetical 
order of their topographical distinctions, and their widows in each case follow them ; 
Knights and their widows stand in the order of their Christian names. The list under 
a simple surname is exhausted before the compounds of that name are commenced, and 
an arrangement is adopted which brings all the names of the same compound together. 
Compound names connected by a hyphen are placed under the second or last name, 
unless some other is the only one in use; but titles (as "Castle Cuffe," "Mount 
Edgcumbe," " Saye and Sele," and such forms as " Egerton of Tatton " and "Wil- 
loughby de Broke") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencing with 
St., Du, Le, &c, and mostly De and Van (see note under "De"), stand under the 
respective prefixes. "M'"or "Mc"is treated as if spelt Mac, and "St.'' as Saint. 
See for illustration the Preliminary List under "Campbell." 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. This rule applies to the wives of 
Bishops, Privy Councillors, and Knight Companions. 

Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of former Peers are omitted. " Heir to 
Dukedom," or other leading title, implies as a rule heir to all the titles borne; when 
otherwise it is so stated. The expressions, " Title of heir when a son" and "Title of 
eldest son " of course refer only to sons of the existing Peer. _ In the Indexes to surnames 
the same person is often repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names — 
simply because the first is not always the one in conventional use. The addition 
scp. implies a separate entry under the surname. 

Under Baronets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in italics in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a surviving widow of an extinct line, or 
where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Bailey and Baillie). 

Under Knights, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed in higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate the date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir."' Native Indian and Honorary Companions of Orders 
(also Hon. C.V.O.'s and generally now most Honorary Knights) are not inserted. 
Military Knights and Companions marked {e.g.) "D.S.O. (1900-1) " were so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen. 

One Club is given (if known) when there is no other address (at least to any person 
higher in rank than an M.V.O.), but not otherwise unless from some specially stated 

The "Cautions as to Spelling of Titles &c." will now Lc found at the close of the Introduction immediately 
before Royal Family. 

Directory of Peerage, Baronetage, <kc. 


ABADIE, Capt. Eustace Henky Egremont, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 9th Lancers ; S. Africa 1899-1900 : 
b. 1877. 

ABADIE, Maj.-Gen. Henry Richard, O.B. 
fMil. 1891), Abyss. 1867-8 and Afghn. 1878-80, 
late Lt.-Gov. of Jersey, ret. 1904, is Hon. Col. 
Cadet Corps of Chann. Islds. Mil. : b. 1841. Club, 
U. Serv. 

ABBAS KULI KHAN, C.M.C. (1903), Inter- 
preter and Assist. Oriental Sec. to Brit. Legat. 
Teheran, attended the late Shah on his visit to 
England 1902 : b. 1864. Address, Brit. Legat., 

ABBOT, family name of Colchester Barony. 
No issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenterden Barony. 
No issue retaining the name. 
.. ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Frederick William, D.S.O. 
(1902), N.Z. Bough Eiders; S. Africa 1900-2: 
b. 1865. Res., Abbot's Ed., Mt. Eden, Auckland. 

ABBOTT, Col. Henry Alexius, C.B. (Mil. 1898), 
I. A. Supermini. List ; Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 
2nd Miranzai, Tirah 1897-8, late comdg. Feroze- 
pore Brigade : b. 1849. Res., Clare Lodge, Bow- 
ledge, Farnham, Surrey. 

ABBOTT, Col. Herbert Edward Stacy, 
D.S.O. (1896), R.E., Afghn. 1879-81, Hazara lSSS 
find 1891, andChitral Belief ; late Supt. Engr. in 
Bunjab Works Dept., and comdg. B.E. at Bly- 
mouth : b. 1855. 

ABDUL KABIM, C.V.O. (1899), CLE. (1895), 
late Ind. Sec. to Oueen Victoria, prev. an Lad. 
Govt, clerk : b. 1863. Res., in India. 

ABDY, Baronet. Sir William Neville 
Abdy, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1S50), High Sheriff of Essex 
1884, has been a student interpreter in China : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1S44, sue. 1S77, mar. 1902, 2nd 
wife, Eliza Sarah (whom he divorced 1905), dau. 
of Oscar W. Beech, Esq. Heir pres., his bro. 
Capt. Anthony Charles Sykes A. (b. 1848, mar. 
follg. 1886; 2nd heir, next surv. bro., Henry 
Beadon, b. 1853). Seat, Albyns, Bomf ord, Essex. 

ABDY, Hon. Mrs. Anthony, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Macdonald, and wife of above heir to Btcy. 

a BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady a B. 
(Susannah Emily, dau. of the lateBenj. Eccleston, 
Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Albert a Beckett, Kt. Bach, 
(just created), of the War Office (d. 1904). Res., 
6 Brompton Sq., S.W. 

ABERCOBN, Duke of. James Hamilton, 2nd 
Duke (Irel.), sits as 3rd Marq. of A. (Gt. Br.) 
and is 11th Earl of A. (Scot.), holding thus a title 
in each of the three kingdoms, and being also 
Due de Chntelherault (France) ; K.G. (1892), B.C. 
(Irel. 1837), C.B. (Civ. 1885), M.A., Head of the 
House of Hamilton, Groom of the Stole to 
H.R.H. the Brince of Wales (formerly Lord of the 
Bedchamber to H.M. when holding that title) ; 
Lieut, of Co. Donegal and a C.C. for Tyrone, an 
Ensign of Boy. Co. of Archers, and Hon. Col. 
North Irish Horse (Spec. Bes.) ; an M.B. 1860-80 
(as Vise, and aftds. Marq. of Hamilton) : son of 
1st D. ; b. Aug. 24, 1838; sue. 1885 (G.) ; mar. 
1869 Lady Mary Anna Gurzon, dau. of 1st Earl 
Howe. Seats, Baronscourt, Newtownstewart S.O., 
Co. Tyrone; Dudingston House, Bortobello S.O., 

Midlothn. ; town res., 35 Bark St., Grosvenor 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. of Paisley, 1587 ; Lcl. of Aber- 
corn, 1603; B. of Abercorn, and Ld. of Hamilton, 
Mountcastlej and Kilpatrick, 1606. Irel.: Ld. Hamilton, 
Bn. of Strabane, 1617 ; Vise. Strabane and Bn. Mount- 
castle, 1701 ; D. of Abercorn and M. of Hamilton, 1868 ; 
a Bt. abt. 1634, Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of 
Abercorn, 1790. France : Due de Chatelherault, 1549 (see 
that art.).— Among the ancestors of this line were the 
Scottish Lords of Cadzow and Earls of Arran (the 
former title feudal and extinct, the latter now passed 
to the Duke of Hamilton— see that title, with the 
genealogical table of the two lines). The 2nd son of 
the 2nd Earl was created Marquess of Hamilton, and is 
the founder of that elder branch of the family from 
which, though afterwards only on the maternal side, 
the Dukes of Hamilton derive their origin. The 4t.l1 
son of the same Earl was given the Paisley Lordship, 
and his successor was made Lord and afterwards Earl of 
Abercorn, with the accompanying titles of 1606. The 
two Peerages thus parted off : the 3rd Marq. of Hamilton 
was made Duke of the same, and the marriage of his 
daughter and successor with the Earl of Selkirk, son of 
the 1st Marq. of Douglas, constituted the Hamilton line 
of Dukes the representatives on the female side of the 
older branch of the house of Hamilton, whilst the male 
heirship passed to the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, through 
whose relatives the younger branch is continued in the 
present Dukes of the latter title— their line having all 
along followed male descent and thus them the 
heads of the house of Hamilton, as the Hamilton Dukes 
are of that of Douglas. A brother of the 2nd Earl of 
Abercorn was made Lord Hamilton of Strabane, being 
thus the first in the house to hold an Irish title in this 
distinctly Scottish family; the 6th Earl, who resided 
mostly in Ireland, was promoted to be Vise. Strabane in 
the same Peerage. The 1st Duke of Abercorn v. a? Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland: he was the 10th Scottish Earl, 
the 8th having received the British title of Vise. Hamil- 
ton, and the gth that of Marq. of Abercorn. The French 
Dukedom was conferred upon the 2nd Earl of Arran, as 
stated under " Chatelherault." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) D.: 

Marq. of Hamilton, heir to Dukedom: James Albert 
Edward II., M.P. for Londonderry City (C), late 
Trcas. of the Househd., is Ma.i. North Irish Horse 
(Spec. Res.), late Capt. 1st Life Gds.: b. 1869, 
mar. 1894 Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, 
dau. of 4th E. of Lucan. Res., Coates House, Fittle- 
worth S.O., Sussex. Issue: 
Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia H., b. i3s 6 - 
Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix H., b. 1897. 
Lady Katharine 77., b. 1900. 
Lord Paisley, 2nd heir: James Edward II, 
b. 1904. 

Lord Claud David II., b. 1507. 
The deceased Lord Claud Penn 77., h & d. 1871. 
The deceased Lord Charlie 77., b. & d. 1874. 
Lady Alexandra Phyllis 77., b. 1876. 
The deceased Lord Claud Francis 77., b. & d. 1878. 
Lady Gladys Mary, now Ciss. of Wicklow, b. 18S0, 

mar. 1502 7th Earl of W., q.v. 
Lord Arthur John 77., Lieut. Irish Gds., b. 1S83. 
A deceased son, b. & d. i836. 

Lord Claud Nigel 77., 2nd Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Seot3 
(Spec. Res.), b. 1G89. 
Surviving issue of 1st D. (bros. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

Lady Harriet Georgina Louisa, now Dow. Ciss. of 
Lichfield (q.v.), b. 1834, mar. 1855 2nd Earl of L. 
(d. 1892). 

Lady Louisa Jane, now Dchss. of Bucclcvch, V.A., b. 

1836, mar. 1859 6th Duke of B., K.T., q.v. 
(Present Duke, b. 1838.) 

Lady Georgiana Susan, now Ctss. V/interton (widow, 
q.v.), b. 1841, mar. 1882 5th Earl W. (d. 1907). 

Lord Claud John II, Hon. Col. late 5th Batt. Roy. 
Innisk. Fus. (Mil.), Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
and High Steward of Yarmouth, Chmn. of the 
G. E. Rail , formerly Capt. Gren. Gds., an A.D.C. 
to Queen Victoria and the Lord Lieut, of Ireld., 
a Jun. Lord of Treas. 1868, an M.P. 1865-88 (G.) : b. 
1843, mar. 1878 Carolina, dau. of the late Edwd. S. 
Chandos-Pole, Esq. (Lady Claud John H.). Bes., 
4 Hans Mansions, Chelsea, S.W. 
— 9 — — 



Directory of Peerage, 


Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis II. , M.P., b. 1845, see 
"Hamilton, Priv. Counc." 

Lady Albertha Frances Anne H., formerly Mchse. cf 
Blandford, and still so called by her own friends : 
b. 1847, mar. iS6q, as 1st wife, the Marq. of B., but 
obtd. divorce shortly before his succession as Sth 
D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute a few 
weeks after succession) : is mother of the present 
Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Lady Maud Evelyn, now Mchss. of Lansdowne, V.A., 
0.1. : b. 1S50, mar. 1869 5th Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer H., an M.P. 2885-6 and 1892-5 
(0.), has been Bee. to Brit. Embassies or Legations 
at Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos 
Aires, late Editor of the Pall Mall Magazine: 
b. 1856. Res., Baronscourfc, Newtownstewari S.O., 
Co. Tyrone ; 13 Gt. College tit., Westmr., S.W. 

!...;d i-.vwhb William H. formerly Capt. nth Hussars, 
an M.P. 1885-92 (0.): b. 1858, mar. 1O91 Pamela 
Louisa Augusta Ambrose, dan. of Capt. Fredc. A. 
Campbell, son of the isfc Bt. of Thames Ditton 
(Lady Ernest H.). Res., Shantock Hall, Bovingdon, 
Hemel Hempstead. Herts. 

ABERCROMBY. family name of following 
Barony, q.v. for Hon. John. 

ABERO ElOMB Y, Baron. George Ralph 
Camfbell Abercromby, 4th Bn. {U.K.), late 
a D.D for StMingsh. : son of 3rd Bn. ; b. 
Sept. 23, 1338 ; sue. 1852 (L.) ', mar. 1858 Lady 
Julia Janet Georgiana Duncan, V.A., dan. of 2nd 
E. cf Camperdovvn, was a Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to Queen Victoria. Scats, Bern Tower, 
Crieff, Perthsh. ; Tullibody Castle, Cambus S.O., 
Olacknaannansh. ; town res., 14 Grosvenor St., W. 
(The Lady Abercromby, 39 Charles St., Berkeley 
Sq., W„ with her bro. the Earl of Camperdown.) 

Creation. En. Abercromby, U.K. i3oi.— Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in iSoi. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and si 
present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Cfes. of Glasgo'. 

b. 1835, mar. 1056 6 th Earl of G. (d. 1390}. 
(Present Baron, b. 183S.) 

Hon. John A., heir pres. to Barony, former.; 
Highl. Lord. Mil. and Lieut. Iti'de I'ngade: 
mar. 1876 Adele W. M. von Heidenstai 
obtained divorce 1379. Res., 3 s Palmersu 
Edinburgh. (No 2nd heir.) 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet. Sir George 
"William Abercromby, Sth Bt. {Scot. 1636), Chief of 
the Abercromby Clan, 2nd Lieut. Scots Gels. : son 
of 7th Bt., b. 1886, sue. 1895. Heir pres., his bro. 
Robert Alexander (b. 1895; 2nd heir, their 
uncle Captain George Cosmo A., b. 1854). Seats, 
Birkenbog, Banffsh., nr. Turriff; Forglen House, 
ditto (let) ; Castle Douglas, Kirkcudhts. ; Ferrnoy, 
Co. Cork; town res., 48 Jermyn St., S.W. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Ctss. of North-brock. 

ABERD ARE, Baron. Henry Campbell Bruce, 
2nd Bn. (U.K.), V.D., a D.L. for Glamorgan, 
late Lt.-Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. Welsh Regt. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. June 19, 1851 ; sue. 1895 (I.) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of the late Hamilton 
Beckett, Esa. Seats, Duffryn, Mountain Ash 
S.O., Glamorg. ; Longvvood, Winchester; town 
res., 83 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Aberdave, U.K. 1873 .—The ist Bn. had 
been Home Sec. in Mr. Gladstone's first Ministry. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Lykdijurst B„ heir to Barony, 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Boy. Scots (Spec. Res.): b. 1SS1, 
mar. 1906 Camilla Antoinette, dau. 01 the late 

St. of 
B, q.v., 

1, but 
u PL, 

Reynold Clifford. Esq. (Hon, Mrs 
10 Southwick PL, Hyde Pk. Sq., W. 

Bruce). Res... 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Viicts*. Kenrort, b. 1882, 
mar. 1904 Vise. R., eld. son and heir of 4th E. of 
Bradford, q.y. 
Hon. Clarence Napier B-, 2nd heir, b. 1885. 
The deceased Violet B., b. & d. 1S87. 
Hon. John Hamilton B., b. 1889. 
Hon. Eva Isabel Marian B., b. 1O92. 
Hon. Constance Pamela Alice B., b. 1G95. 
Hen. Victor Austin B., b. 1897. 
The deceased Hon. Robert B., b. & d. iSa3. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists., half-bros., and 
half-sists. of present Bn.) : 
By ist mrkoe. 
Hon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vernon- Hr.rcovrt, b. 1S48, mar. 187a Aug. Geo. 
V.-H., Esq. Res., St. Clare, Eyde, LW. 
JTon. Jessie Prances, now Hon. Airs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 2840, mar. 1878 Rev. Jno. Wm. W.-J. 
Res., Lhmbeblig Vic, Carnarvon. 
(Present Baron, b. 1851.) 


Hon. Caroline Louisa B., b. 1855. Res., Pen Pole 

House, SLlvehampton, Bristol. 
Hon. Sarah Napier," now Hon. Mrs. Montague lluir- 

Mackensie, b. 1855, mar. 1888 Mont. -Johnstone 

M.-M., Esq., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt 7J.-M., 2nd 

Bt. IUs.,zi Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W., and with preceding. 
Hon. William Napier IJ., C.B. (Civ. 190c), barrister- 

atdaw, Princ. Assist. Sec. Educ Bd., : b. 1858, mar. 

1882 Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Sir V\"m. M. S. 

M'Murdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. William B.). Ills., 

34 Leinster Gdns., Bayswater, W. 
Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion Russell, 

b. i8£o, rear. 1887 Champ. Branfill R., Esq. Res., 

Stubbers, North Ockendon, Romford, Essex. 
Hon. Elizabeth Eox, now Hon, Mrs. Percy Matheson, 

b. 1S61, mar. 1S95 Percy Ewing M., Esq. Res., 

1 Savile Ed., Oxford. 
Hon. Pamela Georgina J?., b. 1862. Res., 23 Wam- 

borough Rd., Oxford. 
Hon. Charles Granville J?., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1503), 

Maj. LA., served with Tirah Expedn. 1897-8 : b. 

i566, mar. 18-54 Pineti-a Madclina Julia, dau. of Co'. 

Sir Edwd. P. Campbell, 2nd Bt. cf Thames 

Ditton (Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore J?., M.A., Viee-Princ. of Somerville 

Coll. Oxford, b. 186-7. Res., with Hen. Pamela. 

ABERDEEN, Bishop oe. Rt. Rev. Rowland 
Ellis, D.D., Bp. of Aberd. and Orkney, late 
Canon of St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, 
formerly Vic. of Gwersyllt and Vic. and Eur. 
Deancf Mold: b. 1841, cons. 1906. Res., Bishop's 
Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN, Earl of. John Campbell 
Gordon, 7th Earl (Scot.) and a Bt., sits as 
Vise. Gordon ( U.K.) ; K.T. (igoS), G.M.P. (1905), 
B.C. (Gt.Br. 1885,7.1905), G.C.M.G. (1895). M.A.. 
LL.D., D.C.L. ; Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (2nd time)', 
also of Aberdeensh., a D.L. for Co. of City of 
Aberdeen, late Hon. Cel. 1st Aberd. Vols., is Lieut. 
Eoy. Co. of Archers ; late Gov. -Gen. of Canada 
and -was five years Lord High Commissi' . to Ch. 
of Seotld. : son of 5th E., bro. of 6th, and grand- 
son of the Premier of 1852-5 : b. Aug. 3, 1847 ; 
sue. 1870 (L.) ; has dropped name of Hamilton; 
mar. 1S77 Hon. Ishbel Maria Marjoribanks, dau. 
of 1st Bn. Tweedniouth. Seats, Haddo Blouse, 
Aberdeen; House of CrOmar, Tarland, Aboyne 
S.O., Aberdeensh. ; Coldstream Eanch, Brit. 
Columbia; ofjic. res.. The Castle, Dublin; town 
house, 58 Grosvenor St., W. 

Creations. Scot.: A Bt. 1642; E. cf Aberdeen, Vise. 
Formartine, and Bn. Haddo, Methlic, Tarvos, and 
Kellie, 1682. U.K.: Vise. Gordon, 1814,— Associated in 
origin with the house of Huntly. The ist Earl was Lord 
Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th Earl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (7?/;) E. (name Gordon) : 

Lord Haddo, heir to Earldom: George G., a D.L. 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

ABI 127 

for Aberdcensh,, b. 1S79, mar. 1506 Mary Florence, 
widow of B. S. Cockayne, Esq., and dan, of the late 
Jos. Clixby, Esq. Res., House of Schivas, Ellon, 
Aberdeensh. ; 16 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk,, W. 

Lady Marjorie Adeline, now Lady M. Sinclair, b. 18S0, 
mar. 1904 Capt. lit. Hon. John S., M.P. (q.v.), 
grandson of Sir Jno. Sinclair, 6th Bt. of Dunbeath. 

The deceased Lady Dorothea Mary G., b. & d. 1S83. 

Hon. Dudley Gladstone G., 2nd heir, late Cant, and 
Vol. Batt. Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1833, mar. 1507 
Cecile Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. J. Drummond, Esq., 
of Penshurst (.Hon. Mrs. Dudley 67.). 

Hon. Archibald Ian (?., b. 1884. 
Surviving issue of §lh E '. (sists. of present and 6th): 

(The late 6th Earl, b. 1841, lost at sea 1870, unmrrd.). 

Lady Mary, now The Lady Polvuarlh, b. 1844, mar 
1863 8th Bn. P., q.v. 

(Present Earl, b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady IT. Lindsay, b. 1840, mar. 
1070 Win. Alex. L., Esq., K.C., Windsor Herald. 
Res., Deer Pk., Honiton, Devon; 17 Cromwell Ed., 

Lady Katherine Eliza,, now The Lady Balfour of 
Burleigh, b. 1832, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.v. 

Issue of 4th E. (uncle of present ; name Hamilton- 
Gordon, so the preceding list bef . mrrge.) : 
(The late gth Earl, b. 1816, d. 1864.) 
Bn. Stanmore, q.v., b. 1S29, formerly Hon. Sir Arthur 
H.-Q., G.C.M.G., whose family i3 thus a branch of 
that of Aberdeen. 
— Baus. -in-law: 

Hon. Lady H.-G., see "Gordon (H.-), Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Ellen Susan Anne II.-G., nee Douglas, dau. of 
19th E. of Morton, b. 1824, mar. 1S51 the late Rev. 
the Hon. Douglas H.-G., Canon of Salisbury (d. 
1901). Res., The Close, Salisbury. 

ABEEDOITB, Lord (by courtesy— title, Scot. 
1458), eld. son and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABEBGAVENNY (pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
chess of. William Nevill, 1st Marq. (U.K.), 
K.G-. (1885), late Lord Lieut, of Sussex, is Hon. 
Col. W. Kent and Suss. Yeomanries, formerly 
Lieut, in 2nd Life Gds. : son of 4th Earl of A.'; 
b. Sept. 16, 1826; sue. as 5th Earl 1868, er. Marq. 
1876 (C.) ; mar. 1848 the Late Caroline (d. 1892), 
dau. of Sir John Vaiidcn-B.~ Johnstone, 2nd Bt., 
and sist. of 1st Bn. Dexwent. Seats, Bridge 
Castle, Sussex, nr. Tunb. Wells; Nevill Hall, 
Abergavenny, Monm. ; marine res., 9 Chichester 
Terr., Kemp Town, Brighton: town house, 6 
Wilton St., SW. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke first uses the fonn Abergavenny 
under the 9th Bn., sue. 1622). Gt. Br. : E. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K. : M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The 1st Bn. Bergavenny 
was son of the 1st Earl 01 Westmorland and uncle of 
the famous " King-Maker," Earl of Warwick. The 17 Ih 
Bn. was created Earl. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Key ill.) 
Issue of present (1st) M.: 

The deceased Hon. Caroline Louisa N>, b. 1849, d. 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady Cicely Gaihorne- 

Hardy, b. 1851, mar. 1872 Col. Hon. Chas. Gathorne 

G.-H., son of 1st E. of Cranbrook, q.v. 
Earl of Lewes, heir to Marquessate : Reginald 

William Bransby JV, formerly Lieut. W. Kent 

Yeomanry, b. 1853. 
Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph JV*., 2nd heir, Hon. 

Lt.-CoL, late Maj., Suss. Territ. Yeomanry: b. 

1S54, mar. 1886, and wife, Maud Augusta, sist. of 

and Bn. Grimthorpe (Lady Henry K.). Res., 

with Earl at Bridge Castle. 
Lord George Montacute JV., a D.L. for Sussex, 

formerly Lieut. Roy. W. Kent. Mil. : b. 1856, mar. 

1832 Florence Mary, dau. of Temple Soanes, Esq. 

(Lady George K.). Rs3., 14 Palmeira Sq., Hove, 


The late Lady Alice Maud, af tds. Morland, b. 185S, d. 

1S98, having mar. 1884 Maj. Henry Courtenay M. 
Lord William Bcauchamp JV., formerly A.D.C. to 

Viceroy of Ireland and Lieut. Roy. W. Kent Mil. : 
b. 1S60, mar. 1889 Luisa Maria Carmen de Murrieta, 
dau. of Marq. de oanturce (Lady Wm. JV. ; res., 
in Eaton PL, S.W.). 
Lord Richard Plantagenet JV., B.A., a D.L. for 
1 Sussex, was A.DiC. to Govs* of Victoria and S. 
Australia and to Gov.-Gen. of the Commonwealth, 
also Priv. Sec. to E. of Cranbrook : b. 1862. Club, 

Lady Idina Mary, now Lady I. Brassey, a Lady of 

Grace St. John Jems., b. 1865, mar. 1889 Hon. Thos. 

Allnutt B., son and heir of 1st Bn. Brassey, q.v. 
Lady Rose, now Ctss. of Cottenliam, b. i365, mar., 

1st, 1887, Jno. B. Leigh, Esq., who obtd. divorce 

1899 ; sndly, 1899, 4 til Earl of C, q.v. 
Lady Violet, b. 1866 (twin with Lady Rose'), mar., 

1st, 1S80, 3rd Earl Cowley, but obtd. divorce 1897 ; 

zndiy, 1S98, Robt. Edwd.'Myddelton, Esq. lies., 

Church Leys, Rearsby, Leicester, gee remarks on 

" Divorcees," pp. 27 and 58. 

Surviving issue of 4th E. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent M.) : 

(Present Marquess and 5th Earl, b. 1826.) 

Lady Henrietta Augusta, now Lady Augusta Lloyd- 
Mostyn, b. 1S30, mar. iSgs the late Hon. Thos. E. 
Mcstyn Ll.-M. (d. 1S61), son of 2nd Bn. Mostyn, q.v. 

Lady Isabel Mary Prances, now Lady I. Bligh, b. 
1831 mar. 1854 the late Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Vesey 
B. (d. 1908), son of 5th E. of Darnley, q.v. 

Hon. Ralph Pelham JV., formerly Capt. W. Kent 
Yeomanry, is a D. L. for the Co., High Sheriff 
1896: b. 1832, mar. i860 Louisa Marianne, dau. of 
Sir Chas. F. Maclean, <)ih Bt, { i son. Mrs. Ralph JV. ). 
Res., Birlins? Manor, West Mailing S.O., Kent; 
9 Basil St., Sloane St., S.W. 

Widoio of a cousin of present M. : 

Lady Dorothy Fanny K.,nie Lady D. F. Walvole, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Orford, q.v. 

(Scot. 1633)— see "Hamilton, D. of." 

(Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABE EEUTH VEN &c, Baron (Soot. 1707)— see 
"Montrose, D. of." 

ABINGDON, Earl of. Montagu Arthur 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7th Earl (Eng.), a D.L. 
for Berks, and Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Berks. 
Eegt. (Mil.), is heir pres. to the Lindsey Earl- 
dom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 13, 1S36; sue. 
1884 (G.) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late Caroline 
Theresa, dau. of Chas. Towneley, Esq. (she died 
1873) ; 2ndly, 1883, Gweiideline Mary, dau. of 
the iateLt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas.C. Dormer, K.C.B., 
and sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, Wytham 
Abbey, Oxford. 

Creations. Eng.: Bn. Norreys, 1372 by writ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The 1st Bn. Norreys or Norris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
and Bn. was created Earl of Berkshire, but that title 
expired at his death, whilst the Norreys Buy. descended 
tlirough his daughter to his great-grandson, afterwards 
created Jiiarl of Abingdon. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (jth) E.: 


Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund Talbot, b. 
iSeg, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard '£., M.P., son 
of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 
Lohd Norreys, heir to l/aLlcm : Montegue Cnarles 
Francis Towneley-Bariie, a D.L. for Berks., formerly 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Berks. Regt. (Mil.), served in S. 
A f rica 1809-1900 : b. 1SS0, mar. 1S83 Hon. Rose Rivers- 
dale Gly'n, sist. of 4th Bn. Woiverton, and granted 
the rank of a Bn.'s dau. : has assumed (without 
licence) the addit. name of Towneley. Res., 2 Nor- 
folk Cresc., Edgware Rd., W. Issue : 
Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., b. 1886. 
Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 
heir to Earldom, Lieut. Roy. Anglesey R.E. 
(Spec. Res.): b. 18O7. 
The decuns d Hon. Arthur John B., b. iS5i, d. 1862. 
Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Reyntiens, b. 
xS6«, mar. , 1st, 1S90, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal, 

1^8 ABI Directory 

K.C.M.G. (d. 1894); 2ndly, 1397, Comdfc, Reyntiens, 
A.D.C. to the King of the Belgians. Res., Brussels. 
The late Lady Cecil Josephine, aftds. Kenna, b. 1873, 
d. 1895, having in that year mar. Col. Paul K., 
D.S.O.. 5J(ff, A.D.C. 

By 2ND MRR&E. 

Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary, now Lady G. 
Spencer-Churchill, b. 1885, mar. 1908 John S.-C, 
Esq., son of the late Lord Randolph Churchill. 

Hon. Arthur Michael B., b. 1886. 

Lady Betty Constance Mary B., b. 189s. 

Hon. James Willoughby B:, b. 1901. 

Issue of 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1838. 

Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. BicJcersteth, b. 
1843, mar. 1883 Robt. B., Esq., son of 2nd Bp. of 
Ripon. Bes., Downgate House, Wadhurst S.O. 

Rt. Ron. and Hon. Sir Francis Levcson J?., G.C.B. 
b. 1844, see "Bertie, P.C." 

Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A.., b. 1846, 
mar. 1881 Lady Caroline Elizabeth McDonnell, dau. 
of 10th E. of Antrim. Res., Gedling Rect., Not- 

Lady Frances Evelyn B., a nun, b. 1848. Res., Con- 
vent of the Visitation, Harrow-on-the-Hill. 

Hon. George Aubrey Vere B., formerly Lt.-Col. 
1st Batt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in Zulu War 1879 : 
b. 1850, mar. 1885 Harriet Blanche Elizabeth (Hon. 
Mrs. Geo. B.), dau. of Sir AValter R. Farquhar, 3rd 
Bt. Res., Maresfield, E. Cowes S.O., I.W. 

Hon. Charles Claude B., formerly Lieut. 47th Foot, 
b. 1851, widower. 

Hon. Reginald Henry B., C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Col. retd., 
late comdg. 2nd Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus., served in 
Crete 1897-8, China 1900 : b. 1856, mar. 1892 Lady 
Amy Evelyn Courtenay, dau. of the late Ld. 
Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Levcn. Res., 
The Grondra, Chepstow. 
— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Feodorowna Cecilia B., ne'e Wellesley, dau. of 
1st Earl Cowley and ,vife of Rt. Hon. Sir Fras. B. 

Lady Caroline Eliz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 

Lady Amy Evelyn B„ see Hon. Reginald. 

ABINGER, Baron. Shelley Leopold Lau- 
rence Scarlett, 5th Bn. {U.K.), late Capt. and 
Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Mil.) and Hon. 
Attache at Stockholm : son of Lt.-Col. J. Y. C. 
Scarlett and a 2nd cousin of 4th Bn. ; b. April 1, 
1872 ; sue. 1903 (C.) ; mar. 1899 Lila Lucy Cathe- 
rine Mary, dau. of the late Bt. Hon. Sir Win. 
A. White, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., and widow of 
M. Carl E. de Geijer. JRes., Boscombe Manor, 
Bournemouth ; Aran House, Horsham. 

Creation. Bn. Abinger, U.K. 1835.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving bros. and sist. of present ($th) Bn. (granted 
rank of Bn.'s children 1904) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1872. 1 

Hon. Robert Brooke Campbell S., heir pres. to 

Bny., b. 1876. Res., Boscombe PL, Bournemouth. 
Hon. Hugh Richard S., 2nd heir, Lieut. B.F.A. : 

b. i8?3, Club, Jun. U. Serv. 
Hon. Ruth Hester Frances S., b. 1S82. 
Hon. Percy Gerald S., Lieut. 2nd Batt. E. Kent 

Regt.b. 1885, 
Hon. Leopold Florence S., a Nav. Cadet, b. 1SS9 


Issue of 3rd Bn. (2nd cousins of present) : 

Hon. Ella Campbell, M.D., now Hon. Mrs. Percy 
Synge, b. 1864, mar. 1901 Lieut. Percy Hamilton 8. 

Hon. Helen Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1S85 the late Nich. Jno. C, 
Esq. (d. 1892). 

Hon. Evelina Ilaverfield, b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd 
husb., Maj. Jno. Hy. Balguy, R.A., but re-assumed 
the name of her former husband. Res., Marsh Ct., 
Sherborne, Dorset. 

(The late 4th Baron, b. 1871, d. 1903 unmarrd.) 

of Peerage, ACL 

Dau. of2ndBn. (1st cous. once rem. of present) : 
(The late 3rd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1892.) 
Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Smith, 
b. 1838, mar. 1857 the late Rev. Sidney Lidderdale S. 
(d. 1903), Canon Resid. of Hereford. Res., South 
Bank, Hereford. 

ABINGER, Baron's Widow. Helen, Lady A. 
(Helen, dau. of the late Commodore Geo. A. Mag- 
ruder, of the U.S. Navy), mar. 1863 3rd Bn. (d. 
1892). Res., Bedford House, Ockley, Dorking; 
Inverlochy Castle, Kingussie, Inverness-sh. ; 46 
Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William de 
Wiveleslie Abney, K.C.B. (Civ. 1900), B.E. 
retd., D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S.. Scient. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educn., late Dir. for Sci. and Princ. Acct.- 
Sec., Past Pres. of Roy. Astronom., Phys., and 
Roy. Photog. Socs. : b. 1843, mar. 1889, 2nd wife, 
Mary Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. Mead, 
D.D., of U.S.A. Res., Measham Hall, Leic, nr. 
Atherstone ; Rathmore Lodge, Sth. Bolton Gdns., 
S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl op (Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M. of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABRAHAM, Lionel, C.B. (Civ. 1908). 

ABYSSINIA (or Ethiopia), the Emperor 
of. H.I.M. Menelik II., G.C.B. (Hon. Mil. 
1902), G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1897) : b. 1843. 

ACHESON (pron. Aitcheson), family name of 
Gosford Earldom, q.v. for Lady Theodosia and 
" Hons." 

ACHESON, Viscount (by courtesy), elder son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Acheson 
(U.K. 1847) is a title of the Earldom, but " Vise. 
Acheson" is substituted for "Vise. Gosford." 

ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tuam." 

ACKROYD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary, 
dau. of the late Wm. Hy. Lucas, Esq.), mar. 1880 
Sir Edward Jas. Ackroyd, Kt. Bach., Judge of 
Supr. Ct., Hong Kong (d. 1904). 

ACLAND, Baronet of Columb John (loc. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th 
Bt. (Eng. 1645 N.s. and 1678), M.A., barrister-at- 
law, a D.L. for Devon and Somerset, and Dep. 
Warden of the Stannaries, a Co. Aid. for Devon, 
was High Sheriff 1903-4, formerly Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. 1st Devon Yeom., Sec. to Bd. of Trade in 
1886, an M.P. 1882-92 (L.), has been 2nd Church 
Estates Commissr. :" son of 11th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 
1898, mar. 1879 Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. 
Walrond, 1st Bt., and sist. of Bn. Waleran. Heir 
pres., his bro., the undermentioned Rt. Hon. 
Arthur Herbert Dyke A. [2nd heir, batter's 
son Erancis Dyke, M.P., L., b. 1874). Seats, 
Killerton, Exeter; Holnicote, Taunton. 

ACLAND, Baronet of ford. Adm. Sir 
William Alisox DYKE^4c/ararf,2ndBt.(c7.A'.i890), 
C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., Assoc. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, was attached to Chilian Army in war with 
Peru 1880-1, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8, 
late a Nav.A.D.C. to Queen "Victoria, 2nd m comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd.: 
son of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin of above Bt. of 
Columb John ; b. 1847, sue. 1900, mar. 1887 the 
under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
son William Henry Dyke (b. 1888; 2nd heir, 
next son, Hubert Guy Dyke, R.N., b. 1890). 
Club, U. Serv. 

ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 
and dau. of the late Rt. Hon. W. H. Smith and 
Vctss. Hambleden. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Arthur 
Herbert Dyke Acland, P.C. (Gt.Br. 1892), M. A., 
an M.P. 1885-98 (L.), and has been Vice-Pres. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

ADD 129 

Cmttee. of Counc. on Education, Trine, of Oxford 
Mil. Coll. (Cowley), and Senior Bursar of Balliol 
Coll. : 2nd son of late Bt. Hon. Sir Thos. D. 
Acland, 11th Bt. of Columb John, and bro. and 
heir prea. of present Bt. ; b. 1847, mar. 1873. Bes., 
2 Weaponness Pk., Scai'borough ; 29 St. James's 
Ct., 45 Buckm. Gt., S.W. 

ACLAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau. of Vctss. 
Hambleden and sist. of above Hon. Ladv A. 

A'COUBT (HOLMES-), family name of 
Heytesbury Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

A'COUBT-BEPINGTON-- see " Eepington." 

ACTON, Baron. Eichard Maximilian 
Dalberg - Aclon, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901), a Lord-in-Waiting to 
H.M., and a 1st Sec. in JJiplom. Serv. : son of 
1st Bn. ; b. Aug. 7, 1870 ; sue. 1902 (L.) ; mar. 1904 
Dorothy, dau. of Tims. H. Lyon, Esq. Seat, Alden- 
ham Pk., Bridgnorth, Salop; res., Brit. Legat., 
The Hague. 

Creations. A Et. Enff. 1644. En. Acton, U.K. 1869.— 
The 1st Peer, an M.P. and K.C.V.O., was Regius Pro- 
fessor of Modern History at Cambridge, and a Lord-in- 
Waiting to Queen Victoria. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Marie Irnmaculee Antoinette D.-A., b. 1503. 
Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth Anne Pelline D.-A.,b. iqo5. 

Hon. JJ.-A., heir to Barony, b. 1507. (2nd 

heir, to Etcy. only, Peer's 3rd cousin Edward 
Acton, Esq., b. i3^7.) 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Elizabeth Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 

Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 

Bleiddian //., grandson of the late Baron Llanover. 
Hon. Annie Mary Catherine Georgiana D.-A., b. 


(Present Baron, b. 1870.) 

Hon. Jeanne Marie D.-A., b. 1S76. 

ACTON, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
(Ctss. Marie Arco-Valley, of Munich), mar. 1865 
1st Bn. (see under Creations ; d. 1902). lies., 
Tegernsee, Bavaria. 

ACTON (DALBERG-), family name of above 
Bny., q.v. for " Hons." 

ACUTT, Ernest Leslie, C.M.G. (1902), Mayor 
of Durban, Natal, in year of promotion : b. 1855. 
Res., Berea, Durban. 

ACWOBTH, Harry Arbuthnot, CLE. (1895), 
Bomb. C. S. retd. ; barrister-at-law and Maj. 
Bomb. Eif. Vols., Munic. Commissr. of Bombay 
1850-6, founded Matonga Leper Asylum, has 
written Ballads and other woiks : b. 1849. Bes., 
The Benhams, Malvern. 

ADAIE, Baronet. Sir Frederick Edward 
Shafto Adair, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1838), formerly 
Capt. Blue Brigade : son of 3rd Bt., b. i860, sue. 
1902. Heir pres., his bro. Eoeert Shafto (b. 
1862; 2nd heir, latter'^ son Allan Henry Shafto, 
b. 1897). Seats, Elixton Hall, Bungay, Suffolk ; 
Adair Lodge, Aldeburgh S.O., same Co.; The 
Castle, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. 

*** The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Vdair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron AVaveney in 1873, a title which became extinct 
upon his death in 18G6. 

ADAIE, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. (Harriet 
Camilla, dau. of the late Alex. Adair, Esq.), mar. 
1856 her relative Sir Hugh E. Adair, 3rd Bt. (d. 
1902). Bes., Heatherton, Pembury, Tunb. Wells. 

ADAM, Baronet. Sir Charles Elphinstone 
Adam,istBt. (U.K. 1882), M.A., barrister-at-law. 
Vice-Lieut. , Convener, and C.C. of Kinross-sh. , and 
a D.L. for thatCo. and Fife, late Priv. Sec. to Lord 

Tweedmouth in three offices : son of the late Et. 
Hon. Wm. P. Adam, b. 1859. Heir, none. Bes., 
Blair Adam House, and Barns, both Blairadam 
S.O., Kinross-sh. ; chamb., 5 New Sq., Line. Inn, 

ADAM, K!night. Sir Frank Forbes Adam, 
Et. Bach. (1890), CLE. (1888), Hon. L.L.D., a 
D.L. for Lanes., a merchant and a Gov. of Imper. 
Inst., formerly an M.L.C. and Pres. Chamb. 
Commerce of Bombay, also of tbat of Manchester, 
is Chmn. of Counc. Manch. Univ. : b. 1846, mar. 
1883 Eose Frances, dau. of C. G. Kemball, Esq., 
late Judge of Bomb. High Ct. Bes., Mere Old 
Hall, Knutsford, Cheshire. 

ADAM, Lord (of Session — retired). James 
Adam, late Judge of the Courts of Session and 
Justiciary 1876, with official title "(Hon.) Lord 
Adam," ret. 1905, was Sheriff of Perthsh. 1874-6, 
three times Advoc. -Depute : b. 1824, mar. 1861 
a dau. of Jno. Beatstn Bell, Esq., W.S. (Lady 
Adam) . Bes. , 34 Moray PI. , Edinburgh. 

ADAM, Hon. Mrs. Feederick, dau. of 4th Bn. 

ADAMJEE, Kxigiit. SItPeeeehoy Adcmjee, 
Kt. Bach, (1907), of Bombay. 

ADAMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st Bn. 

ADAMS, Maj.-Gen.EoRFRT Bellew, C.B.(Mil. 
189S), (1897), LA., Afghn. 1879-80. Cbitral 
Belief, and N.W. Front. 1897-8, late an A.D.C. to 
H.M. and comdg. Dei a jat Brigade: b. 1856. Bts., 
Dera Ismail Khan, N.W. Provs., India. 

ADAMS, William Henry, I.S.O. (1902), 1st 
Clerk in Teachers' Pension Office, Dublin : b. 1844. 
Bes., 143 Tritonville Ed , Sandymount, Dublin. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Knight. Maj. Sir Hamil- 
ton John Gootd-Adnm^Q.GM.G. C1007; K.CM.G. 
1902) . C.B. (Civ. 1 898) , lateof Eoy. Scots (ret. 1 901 ) ; 
served in Matabeleld. and Bechuanald. 1884-5 
and 1893-4, and Boer War 1900 ; now Lt.-Gov. 
of Orange Biv. Col., recently Bes. Commissr. for 
Bechuanald. Protect.: b. 1858. Bes., Govt. House, 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Lt.-Col. Henry Edward 
Fane, C.M.G. (1901), E.A., China 1900-1 : b. i860. 
Bes., Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co. Cork. 

ADAMSON, Knight (1). Sir Harvey Adamson, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), C.S.I. (1903), M.A., late Ch. 
Judge in Lower Burma, prev. Judicial Commissr. 
in Upper Burma and Lt.-Col. Eifle Vols., an Ord. 
Memb. Counc. of Viceroy and an Addit. M.L.C : 
b. 1854, mar. 1892 Jane Charlotte, dau. of Jno. 
Leslie, Esq. Ben., Calcutta and Simla. 

ADAMSON, Knight (2). Sir William Adam- 
son, Kt, Each. (1907), C.M.G. (1897), repeatedly 
an M.L.C. of Straits Settmts., now a City mer- 
chant, Dir. of P. & 0. Steamship Co., and Chmn. 
Str. Setts. Assoc. : b. 1832, mar. i860 Margaret, 
dau. of Andrew Hamilton. Esq. Bes., Eothbury, 
9 Avenue Ed., Eighgate, N. 

ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
CLE. (1889), LA. retd. (1896) ; Burma 18S6-7, 
has been Commissr. of S. Div. of Burma : b. 
1846. Bes., North Jesmond, ]Sewcastle-on-Tyne. 

ADAEE, Viscount (Irel. 1822) and Baron 
(1800)— see " Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh Adcock, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (1897), M.E.C.S., L.E.C.P.E., 
was Cons. Phys.-in-Ch. to H.I.M. the late Shah of 
Persia : b. 1847, mar. 1866 Elisabeth, dau of Wm. 
Watkin, Esq. 

ADDEBLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for "Hons.," see also below. 


130 ADD 

Directory of Peerage, 


ADDEBLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Leetitia Annie, dau. of Hon. W. H. Hall), mar. 
1857 Sir Augustus J. Adderley, K.C.M.G., for- 
merly an M.L.C. Bahamas (d. 1005). Res., 
2 Southwell Gens., S. Kens., S.W. 

Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

ADDEY, William Freeme, I.S.O. (1902), 
a Staff Clk. in Solic. Dept. of Treas. : b. 1852. 

ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 
Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." of the name {not 
of the following 1 ). 

ADDINGTON, Baron. Egerton ITvMard, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., M.A., a partner in two 
merchant firms, a Co. Aid. for Bucks., late Col. 
Bucks. Batt. Oxfordshire L.I. , anM.P. 1874-80 and 
18S6-9 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. Dec. 29, 1842 ; sue. 1889 
(C.) ; mar. 1880 Mary Adelaide, dau. of Sir Wynd- 
ham S. Portal, 1st Bt. Scat, Addington Manor, 
Winslow, Bucks. ; town res., 24 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Addington, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bn. 
was Governor of the Bank of England and M.P. for the 
City of London. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Winifred Mary IT., b. iSSz, 

Hon. John GsLLiiiRAND H., heir to Barony, B.A., 

Lieut. Bucks. Batt. Oxon L.I. : b. 1883. 
Hon. Raymond Egerton II., and heir. b. tBSa. 
Hon. Francis Spencer H., 2nd Lieut. Bucks. Batt. 

Oxon L.I., b. 188O. 
Hon. Ruth Mary H., b. 1S96. 

Surviving issue 0/ 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Alice Eliza II., b. 1S41. Res., 24 Prince's Gt., 

(Phesent Baron, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Cecil John H„ formerly Lt.-Ccl. Oren. Gkls., 
served in Egypt i82z : b. 1846, mar. 1872 Helen Jane, 
dau. of the late Artli. Macl . ;nal<l-B i tdue, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs Cecil //.). Res., Kin^.sbri.-ge, St. cpl: 
Claydon S.O., Bucks. 

Hon. Rose Ellen II., b. 1851. Res., Seven Gables, 
Winslow, Bucks. 

Hon. Evelyn H., M.A., Lieut, for City of London, a 
Bir. of Bk. of Engld., Coinrnissr. of Pub. Works 
Loans, and partner in same firms with his bro. the 
present Bn., late an M.P. : b. 1852, mar. 1881 Eveline 
Maude (Hon. Mrs. Evelyn II), dau. of Sir Wynd- 
ham S. Portal, Bt., and sist. of the Lady Addington. 
Res., The Rookery, Downe, Earnborough S.O., 

Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Mrs. George Barker, b. 
1855, mar. 18S8 Maj.-Gen. George^., R.E., C.B., q.v. 

— D au. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur TT. (Amy d'Estevre, dau. of the 
late Chas. II. Huntly, Ef.q., C.M.G.), mar. i8Si the 
late Hon. Arthur Gellibrand II. (d. 1896). Res., 
Selwyn Lodge, Westgate - on - Sea S.O , Kent. 
[Erroneously reported to the Editor as deceased 
April 23, 1907. It proves on investigation that 
her aunt, Ellen Parsons Hubbard (incorrectly 
styled " Hon."), died on that day. We much regret 
that such a confusion was made.] 

ADEANE, Lady Edith Isabella, dau. of 11th 
E. of Camwath. 

ADELAIDE, Bishop of. Et. Rev. Arthur 
Nutter Thomas, M.A., 4th Bp., late Beet, of 
Guisbrough, formerly Eesid. Chapl. to Abp. of 
York: b. 1869, cons. 1906. Res., Bishop's Ct., 
North Adelaide, S. Australia. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., Leg. Adviser to Loc. Govt. 
Bd., late Assist. Sec. : b. 1845. Res., Mayfield, 
40 Elswortby Ed., Primrose Hill Ed., N.W. 

ADRIAN, Frederick Obadiah, C.M.G. (1897), 
late Offr. of Arms to Ord. of SS. Mich, and Geo., 

and Clerk for Leg. Instruments at Colon. Off. : 
b. 1836. Res., 89 Queen's Ed., Sth. Hornsey, N. 

AD YE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Mary 
Cordelia, dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Hon. Sir 
Mont. Stopford, K.C.B., son of 3rd E. of Cour- 
town),mar. 1S56 Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B., 
E.A. (d. 1900). Res., 92 St. George's Sq., S.W. 

ADYE, Col. John, C.B. (Mil. 1902), lateE.A., 
Afghn. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5 (part as 
A.D.C. to Sir G. Wolseley), S. Africa 1809-1902, 
Gibraltar (Assist. Mil. Sec), now a Gen. Staff Offr. 
at Headgrs., late comdg. R.A. at Mauritius : b. 
1857. Clul,, Jun. U. Serv. 

AFFLECK, Baronet. Sir Egbert A jfieclt, 7th 
Bt- (67;. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. W. Suffolk 
Militia : son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. 
1880 Julia Georgina, dau. of Jno. S. Prince, 
Esq. Heir pres., his bro. John de Linden (b. i85o ; 
2nd heir, next bro., Philip Burton, b. 1862). Club, 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amir of. H.H. Sir 
Habib-Ulla Khan, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ. 1507), 
G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896) : b. 1872. Palace, Kabul. 

" Equat. Africa" and " Ueranda." 

AGA KHAN, The. H.H. Sir Aga Sultan 
Muhammad Shah, G.C.I.E. (1902; K.C.I.E. 1898), 
spiritual head of the Khoja Community of W. 
India, a direct descendant of the prophet 
Mohammed, is a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy,Vas 
granted title of Highness 1886. Res., Aga Hall, 

AGAR, family name of Noemanton Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies" and " Hons." Agar-Ellis was, 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden 
Viscounty (now Agar-Robartes) . The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, Esq., 
of Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733). 

AGHADOE, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

AGLIONBY, Col. Arthur (Sisson), C.B. (Mil. 
1808), Mutiny and Abyss., ret. 1873; assumed 
surname in lieu of Cooper 1885 : b. 1832. Res., 
Stafiield Hall, Carlisle. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Lochnaw. Sir Andrew 
Noel Agnew, 9th Bt. {Scot. 1629), LL.B.,barrister- 
at-law, late an M.P. {L.U.), a D.L. and Vice- 
Lieut, of Wigtownsh., late Capt. 1st Ayrsh.and 
Galloway Vol. Artill. : son of Sth Bt., b. 1850, 
sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, dau. of the late 
Hon. Gowran C. Vernon and granddau. of 1st 
Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his bro. Henry de 
Courcy (b. 1851 ; 2nd heir, nest bro., Maj. 
Charles Hamlyn A., b. 1859). Seat, Lochnaw 
Castle, Stranraer, Wigtownsh. ; res., Woodcock 
Lodge, Lit. Berkhamstead, Hertford; town 
house, 21 Abingdon St., Westmr., S.W. 

AGNEW, Baronet of London. Sir William 
Agnew, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1895), an M.P. 1880-6 
{!.), late Chmn. of Bradbury, Agnew, and Co., 
printers, proprietors of Bunch, also late head of 
Thos. Agnew and Sons, art publishers : son of 
the late Thos. Agnew, Esq., of Manchester; b. 
1825, widower. Heir, his son George William, 
M.P. for W. Salford, L. (b. 1852; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son John Stuart, b. 1879). Res., 11 Gt. 
Stanhope St., Mayfair, W. 

AGNEW, Knight. Sir Stair Andrew Agnew, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1895), M.A., advocate, Eegist.-Gen. 
for Scotld., formerly Lieut. 9th Eegt. : uncle of 
Sir Andrew N. Agnew, sth Bt. of Lochnaw; 
b. 1831, mar. 1870 Georgina, dau. of the lata 
Geo. M. Nisbett, Esq. Res., 22 Buckingham 
Terr., Edinburgh. 

Baronetage, Knightage, &x 


I3 1 

AGNEW, Knight's Widow. Dady^L (Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg. -Gen. Fawcus, I.M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Each., formerly 
acting Judge of Calcutta HighCt. (d. 1903). i?es., 
33 Abingdon Ct., Abingdon Villas, Kens., W. 

AGNEW, Maj. Quentin Graham Ktnnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), D.S.O. (1902), Manches- 
ter Regt. retd. ; Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C., Tirah 
1897-8, and S. Africa 1899-1902, late Assist. Mil. 
Sec. at Gibraltar, is a memb. of lion. Corps. 
Gentn. at Arms : b. 1861 (3rd bro. of Sir Andrew 
Agnew, Bt.). Club, Nav. and Mil. 

AHMAD-bin-FADTHL, Sultan Sir, K.C.S.I. 
(1901), of Lahej (as residence only). 

AHMAD KHAN — see " Janjira." 

AILESBURY, Marquess of. Henry 
Augustus Brudenell-Bruce, 5th Marq. {U.K.) and 
a St., formerly Capt. 9th Begt. and Lt.-Col. 3rd 
Batt. Wilts. Begt. (Mil.), an M.P. 1886-92 (asLd. 
H. Brudenell-Bruce) : son of 3^'d M. and uncle of 
4th, whose father, George John B.-B., Esq.. elder 
bro. of present Peer, died untitled (1808) before 
the succession of their father as 3rd Marquess ; b. 
April 11, 1842 ; sue. 1894 (O.) ; mar. 1870 the late 
Georgiana Sophia Maria, dau. of G. H. Pinckney, 
Esq. (she died 1902). Seats, Sa,vernake Forest, 
Marlborough, Wilts. ; Villa Marbella, Biarritz. 

Creations. Ena. : A Bt. 1611 ; En. Brudenell, 1628 ; 
E. of Cardigan, 1661. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bruce of Tottenham, 

1746 ; E. of Ailesbury, 1776. U.K. : M. of Ailesbury, 
Earl Bruce, and Vise. Savernake, 1821.— The 2nd E. of 
Elgin was granted the English Earldom of Ailesbury for 
his devotion to the two Charleses. It became extinct in 

1747 on the death of the 3rd Earl, but was revived to 
his nephew, whose son, the 2nd Earl by the new creation, 
was elevated to the Marquessate. The name Bruce 
was assumed by the 1st Earl of this later creation. The 
Barony of Brudenell was conferred upon Sir Thos. 
Brudenell, 1st Bt., and later on his devotion to the 
Royalist side was rewarded with the Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the 1st Earl of Ailesbury had been 
imprisoned) : the Wo titles came into the Ailesbury 
line under the 2nd Marq. in 1S68. The 3rd Earl 
under the older creation had been given the Bruce 
of Tottenham Barony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
whom it eventually came back to the Ailesbury line ; 
hut the Tottenham Park which gave this title its name 
is in Wiltshire immediately adjoining the above Saver- 
nake Forest. The Bruce Castle of the London suburb of 
Tottenham has thus no connection whatever with this 
line ; in default, however, it can claim to be linked with 
the illustrious name of "the Bruce of Bannockburn." 
Robert de Brus, as he is termed in the ' History 
of Tottenham,' the grandfather of the ereat Robert, and 
a. descendant of David, Earl of Huntingdon, was allotted 
that portion of the parish of Tottenham then termed the 
Manor of Bruses. His eldest son, Robert, styled in 
right of his wife Earl of Carrick, on returning from the 
Crusades, settled at the Manor House ; but his warrior 
son, the 3rd Robert, on revolting from England, had all 
Ms English lands seized by Edward II. The Crown, 
however, from time to time made various grants of the 
estate, and in 1514 Henry VIII. consigned it to Sir Win. 
Compton, an ancestor of the Northampton house. After- 
wards it was held by the Earl of Dorset, Lord Coleraine, 
and others, till in 1827 the famous Sir Rowland Hill 
converted it into a boarding-school. As such it remained 
till 1890, but is now used only as a house of refreshment 
in the public park passing under its name: An engrav- 
ing dated 1686 shows that it once possessed far more 
than at present cf the genuine features of a " Castle." 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present ($th) M. : 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Georgiana, now Lady 
E. Hunt, b. 1S71, mar. 1898 Harry Brady H., Esq. 
Res., Ballyleun, Kildysart, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
Earl or Cardigan, heir to Marquessate : George 
William James Chandos B.-B., D.S.O. (1900-1), a 
CO. for Wilts., Capt. Middx. Imper. Yeom., late 
Maj. Roy. Wilts., was in Army Transpt. Serv. in 
S. Africa 1900 : b. 1873, mar. 1903 Caroline Sydney 

Anne, dau. of the late Jno. Madden, Esq., ar.d Lady 
< lareline Madden (sist. of 4th E. of Lei trim). Res., 
The Manor, Tockington S.Q., Glos. Issue: 

Vise. Savernake, 2nd heir : Chandos Sydney 
Cedfic B.-B., b. 1904. 

Lady Ursula Daphne B.-B., h. 1905, 

Lady (Violet Louisa) Marjory, now Lady Marjory 
Binney, b. 18S0, mar. 1907 'James B., Esq. Res., 
Pampisford Hall, nr. Cambridge. 

Sist. of tfh 31. (niece of present; granted rank of 
Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1863, d. childless 1894.) 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 

i£66, mar. 1O92 Eobt. SStandish S., Esq. 
—For Adeline, Ct*s. of Cardigan see " Cardigan, 
Earl's Widow," her husb.'s title having been that 
of a distinct Peer. 

Surviving issue of 3rd Itl. (bros. and sist. of present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1842.) 

Lord Robert Thomas B.-B., Com. R.N. retired, b. 
1S45, mar. 1C73 Emma, dau. of the late Capel H. 
Leigh, Esq. (Lady Robt. B.-B.). Res., Stamford 
Lodge, Hayling I., Havana; 35 Onslow Cans., 
S. Kens., g.W. 
Lady Ernestine Mary, now Ciss. of Listowel, b. 1847, 

mar. 1863 3rd Earl of L., a. v. 
Lord (Charles) Frederick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 
Wilts., late Capt. and Hon. Maj. Roy. Wilts. 
Yeom. : b. 1849, mar. 1873 Margaret, dau. of the 
late Jas. Renshaw, Esq. (Lady Frederick B.-B.). 

Res., 11 Gloucester 'Terr.. Reg 

y ± reaerr 

AILESBUEY, Marquess's Widow {remrrd.). 
Marchioness of A. (Dorothy Julia, dau. of the 
late Thos. Haseley, Esq.), mar., 1st. 1884, 4th M. 
of Ailesbury (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1901, David W. 
Webster, Esq. --retaining title by courtesy. Bes., 
Fairfield, Broughty Ferry S.O., Forfarsh. 

AILSA, Marquess of. Archibald Kennedy, 
3rd Marq. {U.K)., E. of Cassillis {Scot.) ; LL.D., 
a D.L. for Ayrsh. and Hon. Com. Clyde Div. 
Nav. Vol. Bes., formerly Capt. Coldstim. Gd3. : 
son of and M. ; b. Sept. 1, 1847; sue. 1870 (C.) ; 
mar., 1st. 1871, the late Hon. Evelyn Stuart, dr.u. 
of 12th Bn. Blantyre (she died 1888) ; 2ndly, 
1801, Isabella, dau. of the late Hugh M'Master, 
Esq., of N.W. Provs. India. Seats, Culzean 
Castle and Cassillis House, Maybole, Ayrsh. ; 
Newark Castle, Ayr; town res., 65 Lancaster 
Gt., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 1452; E. of Cassillis, 
1509. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, iScS ; M. cf Ailsa, 1S31.— The 1st 
Ld. Kennedy was son of the Bishop of St. Andrews, a 
great Scottish statesman, and was one of the six Regents 
during the minority of James III. ; the 3rd Ld. was made 
E. of Cassillis. The 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objecting to 
the marriage of Mary Stuart with the Dauphin. The 
12th Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Marquessate. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) M. : 
By ist mrrge. 
Earl of Cassillis {pron. like Castles), heir to Mar- 
cs uessate: Archibald jr., a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate in Scotld., served in S. Africa 1900-2, 
is Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd B.itt. Roy. Scots Fus. 
(Spec. Res.) : b. 1872, mar. 1503 Frances Emily, dau. 
cf Sir Mark J. M'Taggart Stewart, ist Bt., M.P. 
Res., 1 Moray PI., Edinburgh. 
Lord Charles K., 2nd heir, formerly Lieut, in pre- 
ceding Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-1 as Capt. Pr. 
of Wales's Lt. Horse : b. 1875. 
The late Lady Evelyn K., b. 1876, d. 18S6. 
Lady Aline, now The Lad-/ Kilmaine, b. 1877, mar. 
1901 Hon. John E. Deane Broimie, now 5th Bn. 
Kilmaine, q.v. 
Lord Angus K., b. 1882. 


Lord Hugh K., b. 2895. 
Lady Marjory K., b. 1893. 

132 AIN 

Surviving issue of 2nd 31. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Marquess, b. 1847.) 

Lady J ulia Alice, now Lady J. Follett, b. 1849, mar. 
1869 Col. Robt. W. Webb F, son of the late Sir 
Wm. Follett. Res., AVoodside, Old Windsor. 

Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, mar. 
1885 Capt. Sir Arthur Henderson F..K.C.M.G., q.v. 

Lord Alexander iT.,late Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. ml 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Maj. 1st Batt. of 
same Regt., served in Egypt and Soudan : b. 1853, 
mar. i83i Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. T. Gor- 
don, Esq. (Lady Alexander K.). Res., Carrick, 
Ascot, Berks. 

Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. FavjJces, b. 
l8 S5, mar. 1891 Col. Lionel Grimston F., late It. A. 
Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 

— D au. -in-law : 

Lady John K. (Mary Adelaide, dau. of the late Col. 
Alex. Learmonth, M.P.), mar. 1890 the late Lord 
Johu K. (d. 1895). Res., 15 Culford Mansns., Culfd. 
Cdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

Widow of a grandson of 1st 31. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Marquess, b. 1816, d. 1870.) 
Lady Mary K. (prev. Lady Mary Emily Vere, nie 
Boyle, sist. of 9 th E. of Cork and Orrery and widow 
of Wm. E. Hope V., Esq., granted rank of an Earl's 
dau., as her late husb. was granted that of a Marq.'s 
son), b. 1834, mar. 1873 2nd husb., the late Lord 
David K. (d. 1903), son of the Earl of Cassillis. Res., 
93 Queen's Gt., S.W. 

AINSWOBTH, John, C.M.G. (1900), F.E.G.S., 
late Vice-Cons, for Brit. E. Africa and Sub- 
Commissr. for Prov. of ITkamba, now a Magist. 
of the Protectorate : b. 1864. lies., Naivasha, via 

ALNSWOETH, Capt. William John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Durham L.I. ; S. Africa 1899-1900, 
late on Gen. Staff at Hdqrs.: b. 1873. Address, 
c/o Messrs. Holt and Co., "Whitehall PL, S.W. 

AIR, Viscount (Scot., 1622), see "Bute, M. of." 

AIED, Baeomet. Sir John Aird, 1st Bt. ( U. K. 
1901), V.D., a Lieut, for the City of London, late 
an M.P. (C), el. 1st Mayor of Padding-ton 
Borough (1900) and re-el. 1901, Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. Engr. and Eail. Staff Corps, a partner in 
Jno. Aird and Co., contractors : son of Jno. Aird, 
Esq., of Gt. Cumberld. PI. ; b. 1833, mar. 1855 
Sarah, dau. of Benj. Smith, Esq., of Lcwisham. 
Heir, his son John (b. 1861, Maj. Eng. and Ey. 
Staff Corps (T.E.) ; 2nd heir, latter's son John 
Eenton, b. 1898). Seat, Wilton Pk., Beaeonsfield 
S.O., Bucks. ; town res., 14 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. 

AIEEDALE, Baron. James Kitson, 1st Bn. 
(U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. (Gt.Br. 1906), D.Sc, late 
an M.P. and Hon. Col. 3rd Vol. Batt. W. Yorks. 
Eegt., is an iron and steel manufacturer and 
builder of locom. engines, a Dir. of N.E. Eail. 
and of City and Midld. Bank, Mayor of Leeds 
1896-7, becoming 1st Lord Mayor at the Diamond 
Jubilee: son of the late Jas. Kitson, Esq., of 
Elmet Hall, Leeds; b. Sept. 22, 1835; cr. Bn. 
1907 (L.); mar., 1st, 1S60, the late Emily (d. 1873 s ), 
dau. of Jos. Cliff, Esq. ; 2ndly, 1881, Mary Laura, 
dau. of the late E. Fisher Smith, Esq. , of Dudley. 
Seat, Gledhow Hall, Leeds; town res., 105 Pall 
Mall, S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. i835; Bn. Airedale, 1907. 



Hon. Albert Ernest K., heir to Barony, B.A., an 
iron manufacturer : b, 1863, mar. 1830 Florence, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Scbunck, Esq. R s.. Cober 
Hill, Cloush ton S.O., Yorks. ; Summer Hill, Ap- 
perlcy Bridge, Bradford, same Co. 

Hon. .lames Clifford K., 2nd heir, b. 1824. 


Hon. Edward Christian A'., M.A., b. 1873, mar. 1903 

Mary Katharine, dau. of Saml. Hirst, Esq. 
Hon. Emily K., b. 18— 
Hon. Alice' Hilda K., b. iG— 

By 2nd Mrrge. 
Hon. Roland Dudley K., b. 1882. 
Hon. Olive Mary K., b. i3- 

AIEEY, Col. Henry Park, C.M.G. (1900-1), 
D.S.O. (1888), N.S.W. Permt. Artill. ; Soudan 
1885, Burma 1886-8, and cornd. N.S.W. Mtd. 
Inf. in S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1844. Address, 
Victoria Barracks, Sydney. 

AIELIE, Earl of. David LvuLrH Gore 
Wolset.ey Ogilvy, 9th Earl (Scot.), a minor:" 
son of 8th E. ; b. July 18, 1893 ; sue. 1900. Seats, 
Airlie Castle, Eorfarsh., and Tulchan Lodge, 
Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth S.O. ; Cortachy 
Castle, Kirriemuir, Forfarsh. ; Auchterhouse, 

Creations. Scot.: Ld. Ogilvy of Airlie, 1491 ; E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen, 1639. "Ld. 
Ogilvy " is the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 
1st Lord Ogilvy was Ambassador to Denmark ; his grand- 
father bad been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th 
Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number 
who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
' Burke ' and ' Foster ' ('Lodge ') in regarding the present 
Peer as the 9th, but some term him the nth or 12th, 
'Debrett' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder son of the 3rd E., the 
latter that, of the elder son and grandson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom 
we accept as the 5th, were considered during their 
lifetime as ah legally excluded, and this certainly gives 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the 6th E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of 
the two attainders, it may be added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1713, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at Culloden. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of 8th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Kitty Edith Blanche, now Lady K. Vincent, 

b. 1887, mar. 1906 Capt. Berkeley V. 
Lady Helen Alice Wellington O., b. 1890. 
Lady M aboil Griselda Esther Sudiey 0., b. 1892. 
(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Artuur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, b. 1895. (2nd heir, the following.) 
Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., b. 1806. 

Issue of Jth E. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hozier, 

see "Hozier, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Clementine Gertrude Heleu, now the Lady 

Redesdale, b. 1834, mar. 1874 Alg. B. Freeman- 

Mitfoid, Esq., C.V.O., now 1st Bn. Redesdale, q.v. 
(The late 8th Earl, b. 1856, d. 1900. ) 
Lady Maude J osej >ha, now Lady M . U7i yte, b. i359,mar. 

ifJSo the late Theodore IP., Esq. (d. 1903). Res., 

Bideford, Devon. m 
Hon. Lyulph GilehrisT Stanley 0., D.S.O. (1503-1), 

late Capt. Brabant's Horse in S. Africa (1900-1), 

has been an agriculturist in Western America : 

b. 1861, mar. 1902 Edith Boothroyd, of Colorado. 
Lady Griselda J ohauna Helen, now Lady G. Cheape, 

b. 1865, mar. 1897 James C, Esq. Res., Strathtyrum, 

St. Andrews, Fifesh. 
Survivinq issue of 6th E. (gt. uncle of present) : 
(The lata 7th Earl, b. iSaS, d. 1881.) 
Hon. William Henry Bruce 0., formerly Lieut. 26th 

Foot and Capt. Black Watch (Mil.), b. 1840, widower. 

AIELIE, Earls' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Countess op A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanlei/, dau. of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. 1830, mar. 1851 7th E. of Airlie (d. 1881). 
Res., Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., Alyth S.O. ; 3 
Halkin PL, West Halkin St., S.W.— (2) Countess 
or A., nee Lady Mabel! Frances Elizabeth Gore 

Directory of Peerage, 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 

ALD 133 

dau. of 5th E. of Arran, b. 1866, mar. i8S5 8th 
E. of Airlie (killed at Diamond Hill, S. Africa, 
1900) ; is a Lady of the Bedchamber to H.K.H. 
the Princess of "Wales. Bes., with present Earl 
(except at Airlie Castle) . 

AITCHISON, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox, Esq.), 
mar. 1863 Sir Chas. U. Aitchison, K.C.S.I. (d. 
1896). Res., St. Christopher's, 104 Banbury B,d., 

AITCHISON, Gen. Charles Terrington, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. retd. (1889); S. Mahratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Bes., 14 Bedcliffe 
Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 

AITHRIE, Viscount (Scot. 1703)— see "Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AITKEN, Col. "William, C.B. (Mil. 1896), 
R.A. retd. ; Afghn. 1878-80, Mahsud "Waziri, 
Burma 1885-7, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 1897-8, 
was A.D.C. to late Oueen: b. 1846. Ees., 
Innergellie, Anstruther, Fifesh. 

AIYANGAR, Sir Vembakam Bhashyam, Diwan 
Bahadur, Kt. Bach. (1900), OLE. (1895), B.A., 
Memb. of Counc. of Viceroy, late a Judge of the 
High Ct. of Madras, has been Prof, of Law in 
Madras Pres. Coll., now Pres. of Faculty of Law 
in the local Univ. (title Diwan Bah. personal) : b. 
1844. Bes., Lakshmi Villas, Mylapore, Madras. 

ALYAR, Sir Subbaiyar Subramaniya, Diwan 
Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1900), late a Judge of High Ct. 
of Madras, formerly an M.L.C., received personal 
title of Diwan Bahadur 1891. Bes., Madras. 

A J AIG ARH , the M a h a r a j a f . H.H. SirSAwAi 
Ranjor Singh, Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1897), a Ruling 
Chief : b. 1852. Bes., Ajaigarh, Bundelkhand, 
Upper India. 

AKERMAN, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Emma Elizabeth, dau. of Yf. H. Brumby, Esq.), 
mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, Sir Jno. "W. Akerman, 
K.C.M.G., late Speaker of Leg. Counc. Natal 
(d. 1905). Bes., Fairlight, Uxbridge Rd., Ealing, 

ALABASTER, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Laura, dau. of Dr. D. J. Macgowan, of New 
York) , mar. 1875 Sir Chaloner Alabaster,K.C.M.G., 
Cons. -Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Bes., Dilaram, 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

ALBANY, Duke oe — see Royal Family. 

ALBEMARLE, Earl of. Arnold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1901 ), V.D., A.D.C. to the King 
for Vols., a D.L. for Norfolk, served in S.Africa 
1900 in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.V., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. Vol. 
Rifles, now Hon. Col. 4th Batt. and 2nd Vol. Batt. 
Norf. Regt., an M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : 
son of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858 ; sue. 1894 (C.) ; 
mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
2nd Bn. (now 1st Earl) Egerton of Tatton. Seat, 
Quidenham Hall, Attleborough, Norfolk {let) ; 
town res., 5 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

Creation. E. of Albemarle, Vise. Bury, aDd Bn. 
Ashtord, Eng. 1697.— The 1st Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
was a member of the nobility of Holland who had 
accompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
Albemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E.: 

Vise. Bury, heir to Earldom: Walter Egerton 
George Lucian K., Lieut. Scots Gds., A.D.C. to 
Sir H. J. Goold-Adams in Orange Riv. Col., prey, 
to Earl Grey in Canada : b. i332. 

Hon. Arnold Joost William K., 2nd heir, b. 1884. 
Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek K., 2nd Lieut. Coldstrm. 

Gds., b. 1886. 
Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude K, b. 1390. 
Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K., b. 1898. 
Surviving issue of jth E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1858.) 

Lady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 
i33 7 Col. AV. Leslie D., C.B., R.A., q.v. 

Hon. Derek William George K., C.M.G. (1901), 
CLE. (1906), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), V.D., late 
Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 12th Middx. (Civ. Serv.) 
Vols., is an Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of 
Wales, formerly a C.E. : b. 1863, mar. 189S Hon. 
Bridget Louisa Harbord (Hon. Mrs. Derek K), 
dau. of 5th Bn. Suffield. Res., 10 Buckingham 
Gt., S.W 

Lady Hilda Mary K., b. 1864. Bes., 53 Lowndes Sq., 

S.W., with Dow. Ctss. 
Hon. George K., now Capt. Norfolk Artill. (Spec. 

Bes.): b. 1865, mar. 1891 Alice Frederica, dau. of 

the late Adm. Sir Wm. Edmonstone, 4th Bt. (Hon. 

Mrs. George K.). Res., 30 Portman Sq., W. 
Lady Leopoidina Olivia K., a nun of the Sacred 

Heart, b. 1866. 
Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Townley, b. 1S68, mar. 

1895 Walter Beaupre T., Esq., Brit. Mm. Plen. at 

Buenos Aire?. Res., Brit. Legat. &c. and 46 St. 

James's Ct., Buc*km. Gt., S.W. 
Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F. Boyle, b. 1871, 

mar. 1902 Lieut. Wm. H. Dudley B., R.N., gt. 

grandson of 2nd E. of Cork. 
Dau. of 6th E. (aunt of present): 
(The late 7 th Earl, b. 1832, d. 1O94.) 
Lady Louisa, now Lady L. Chatteris, b. 1836, mar. 

1864 the late Capt. Hon. Fredk. Wm. C. (d. 1887), son 

of 8th E. of Wemyss. 

ALBEMARLE, Earl's "Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Sophia, dau. of Hon. Sir Allan 
N. MacNab, 1st and last Bt., Prem. of Canada), 
mar. 1855 7th E. of Albemarle (d. 1894). Bes., 53 
Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

ALCOCK, Lt.-Col. Alfred William, CLE. 
(1903), M.B., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., I.M.S. retd. 
(1908), Supt. of Indian Museum, and Prof, of 
Zoology in Med. Coll., Calcutta: b. 1859. Bes., 
Ind. Mus., Calcutta. 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALDENBURG, Count— see "Bentinck." 

ALDENHAM, Baron. Alban George Henry 
Gibbs, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), M.A., a partner in Antony 
Gibbs and Sons, bankers and merchants, and a 
Dir. of the Bank of Australasia and of the 
Guardian Assurance Co. ; a Lieut, for City of 
London, an M.P. 1892-1906 : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. April 23, 1846 ; sue. 1907 (C.) ; mar. 1873 the 
late Bridget (d. 1896), dau. of the late Alex. 
J. B. Beresford-Hope, Esq. Seat, Aldenham 
House, Elstree S.O., Herts. ; res., Clifton-Hamp- 
den, Oxon., nr. Abingdon ; 37 Portland PL, W. 

Creation. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896.— The late 1st 
Baron was a director of the Bank of England (at first 
Governor), a Member of Parliament and of the House of 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Catherine Louisa G., b. 1875. 
Hon. Mildred Dorothea G., b. 1876. 
Hon. Gerald Henuy Bkresford G., heir to Barony, 
B.A., a partner in Antony Gibbs and Sons, as 
above : b. 1879, mar. 1005 Lillie Caroline, dau. of the 
Rev. Wm. T. Houldsworth. Res., 41 Connaught 
Sq., W. (2nd heir, Bn.'s bro. Hon. Vicary.) 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1846.) 
Hon. Edith Caroline G., b. 1848. 
Hon. Vicary G., B.A., barrister-at-law, a partner 
in sarnie firm with his elder brother and uncle, and a 

i 3 4 ALB 

Directory of Peerage, 


dir. of banking and insurance cos., late an M.P. 

(C); b. 1853. Res., St. Dunstan's, Outer Circle, 

Reg. Pk., N.W. 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne G-, M. A., also a partner in 

above firm, a Commissi', of Pub. Works Loam and 

of Inc. Tax : b. 1854, mar. 1835 Anna Maria, dau. 

of the late Richd. Durant, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Herbert G.). Res., Briggens, Roydon, Diss, Norfolk ; 

9 Portman Sq., W. 
Rev. the Hon. Kenneth Francis G., M.A., P.S.A., 

Rur. Dean of Watford and Hon. Canon of St. 

Albans and Chapl. to the Bp. : b. 1856, mar. 1894 

Mabel Alice, dau. of Chas. E. Bavnett, Esa. (Hon. 

Mrs. Kenneth 67.). Res., Aldenham Vic, Elstree 

S.O., Herts. 

— D an. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Henry G. (Alice Mary, dau. of the late 
Gen. Chas. Crutchley), mar. 1S87 the late Hon.) 
Henry Lloyd G. (d. 1907, the day after his father). 
Res., Manor House, Elstree S.O., Herts. ; 10 
Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 

ALDERSON, Knight (1). Sir Charles Henry 
Alderson, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), barrister-at-law, 
late Chief Charity Comnrissr. , formerly Sen. Insp. 
of Schools : b. 1831 (a cousin of following and son 
of Baron Alderson). Res., 40 Beaufort Gdns., 

ALDERSON, Knight (2). Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Henry James Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1891), Col. 
Comdt. R.A. (ret. 1906), served in Crimea, late 
Dir. of Artill. at War Office, and afterwards 
Pres. of Ordnance Cmttee. : b. 1834, mar. 1877 
Florence, dau. of bis relative Bn. Alderson 
(Excheq. Ct.), and sist. of the late Mchss. of 
Salisbury. Res., Chavey Lawn, Locke's Ride, 
Bracknell, Berks. ; 5 Hyde Park St., W. 

ALDERSON, Maj.-Gen. Edwin Alfred Her- 
vey, C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), Transvaal 1881, Egypt, 
Soudan 1884-5, Mashonald., Boer "War 189C-1901, 
late comdg. 2nd Inf. Brigade at Aldersliot, and 
an A.D.C. to H.M. now Comdg. Poena Div. : 
b. 1859. Cluh, Marlborough. 

ALDRICH, Adm. Pelham, C.V.O. (1902). 
R.N. retd. (1908), served in 'Challenger' and 
'Alert,' and has been Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. 
Dockyd.: b. 1844. Res., The Croft, Gt. Bealings, 
Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALDRIDGE, Maj. John Barttelot, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.H.A., S. Africa 1899-1900, part as 
A.D.C: b. 1871. 

ALD WORTH, Lady Mary Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDER, family name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for "Hons.," also below (and for Lady 

ALEXANDER, Archbishop— see "Armagh." 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1S86), B.A., 
formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Scots Eus. (Mil.) : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1899, mar. 1896, 2tid 
wife (having divorced 1st, Lady Diana Mont- 
gomerie), Rachel Belasyse, dau. of Rev. Hy. 
Holden, D.D. Heir, bis son Wilfred Archibald 
(b. 1892; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, b. 1897). 
Seals, Ballochmyle, Mauchline, Ayrsh.; Fay gate 
Wood, Horsham, Sussex. 

ALEXANDER, Baronet's Widow of Balloch- 
myle. Dowager Lady A. (Eliza, dau. of the late 
Alex. Speirs, Esq.), mar. 1853 Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Claud Alexander, 1st Bt. (d. 1899), Res., 24 
Old Queen St., Westmr., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Baronet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
Cecil William Alexander, 6th Bt. {U.K. 1809), 
JLieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 5th Bt., b. 1885, sue. 
1896. No heir. Res., Kentstown, Navau, Co. 
Meath ; 6 Morpeth Mansns., Westmr., S.W. 

*#* The Earls of Caledon are a branch of this house. 

ALEXANDER, Baronets' Widows of Dublin. 
— (1) Kathleen, Lady A. (Mary Kathleen, dau. 
of Rev. Jno. Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife, 
Sir Jno. W. Alexander, 4th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) 
Lady A. remrrd. (Edith, dau. of the late Geo. F. H. 
La Fargue, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1884, Sir Wm. Ferd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Rev. 
Fredk. W. Thurlow — retaining title. Res., 6 
Morpeth Mansns., as above. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (stibst. 
for ""Vise. Caledon"). 

ALEXANDER, Col. Aubrey de Vere, D.S.O. 
C1903), LA. retd. (1908), Afghn. 1S79-80, and 
China 1900: b. 1849. Address, c/o Messrs. Cox 
and Co., 16 Charing Cross, S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 
1st Bn. Cottesloe. 

ALEXANDER, Maj. Dudley Henry, C.M.G. 
(1904), W. Yorks. Regt. retd., Priv. Sec. to late 
Gov. of New Zealand : b. 1863. Res., 6 St. James's 
PL, S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Capt. Edward Currie, D.S.O. 
(1902), I. A., Tirah 1897-8, Mahsud Waziri 1902, 
and other Ind. operations : b. 1875. 

ALEXANDER, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
rine, dau. of Qth E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDER, Col. Harvey, D.S.O. (1900-1 ), 
late comdg. 10th Hussars, aftds. D.A.A.G. at 
Guernsey; S. Africa 1899-1901. ret. 1906 : b. 1859. 

ALFORD, Knight's Widow {remrrd.). Lady 
A. (Jane Eliza Helen Nathalie, dau. of the late 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Shand), mar., 1st, 1886, Sir Edwd. 
Fleet Alford (d. 1905), son of the late Bp. Alford 
of Hong Kong ; 2ndly, igo5, Edwd. R. Burdon, 
Esq., F.L.S., son of Bt. Rev. Bp. Burdon— 
retaining title by courtesy. Res., 26 The Boltons, 

ALFORD, Viscount (U.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brownlow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Bishop op. Rt. Rev. George 
TJwrneloe, D.C.L., 3rd Bp., Canon of Quebec 
1888-96: b. 1848, mar. 1874, cons. 1837. Res., 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

ALI BEG, Lt.-Col. Nawab Mirza Sir Muham- 
mad Khan Bahadur, K.C.I.E. (1908), M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1906), Hon. Lt.-Col. 20th Deccan Horse and 
an A.D.C. to H.H. the Nizam : b. 1852, mar. 186S. 
Res., Rahut Munzil, Sarfabad, Hyderabad. 

ALI KHAN— see "Hamid." 

ALINGTON {pron. all-) Baron. Humphrey 
Napier Sturt, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), C.V.O. (1905), a 

D. L. and C.C. for Dorset, an M.P. 1891-1904, 
formerly Lieut. Dorset Yeom. : son of 1st Bn.'; 
b. Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 ((7.) ; mar. 1883 Lady 
Feodorowna Yorhe, Order of Mercy, dau. of 5th 

E. of Hardwicke. Seat, Crichel, Wimborne, 
Dorset; town res., 38 Portman Sq., W. 

Creation. En. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
former Peerage— Irel. 1542-1723; Eng. 1682-91). 

Titled Eelatives. 

Issue of present {2nd) Bn.: 

lion. Diana Isabel, now Hon. Mrs. Brougham, b. 
1CS4, mar. 1908 Hon. Henry B., son and heir of 
Bn. Brougham and Vaux. 
The deceased [Sylvia S., b. & d. 1886. 
Hon. Gerard Philip Montagu Napier S., heir to 

Barony, b. 1893. 
Hon. Napier George Henry S., 2nd heir, b. 1896. 
A deceased dan., b. & d. 1O99. 
Hon. Lois S., b. 1900. 
A deceased son, b. & d. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sisl.s. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Winifred Sclina, now Hon. Lady Hardinge, 
a Bedchamber Woman to H. M. Queen Alexandra : 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 




see SSSc 1 ' HOa - 8i? ChaS - H > <*- CM "- 
Eon . Mildi-U'ecuia Harriet, now Vetss. Chelsea, b. 

Earl cldo^ ?v. iatG VlS °- a (d - I507) > 86n 0f 
ALINGTON, Baron's Widow. Evelyn, Ladv 
4" (-^yn Henrietta, dau. of the late Hv. 
B*undell Leigh, Esq.), a memb. of League 6f 
Merey, mar. 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. AhWton 
(d 1 904) . , 41 Portland PL, W 
_ ALiNGTON, Hon. Mr; 
Lyttelton, see " Cobham. 

ALISON, Baronet . Capt. Sir Archibald 
Alison 3rd Bt. (tf*. 1852), late 5 th Batt. Bifle 
Brigade (Mil., prev. Lieut. 1st Batt.), was Colon 
See. m Bermuda 1 833-1 900 : son of 2nd Bt., b' 
i8t>3, sue. 1907, mar. 1888 Georgina, dau. of the 

Itt I p £ ■? ; D 2ncl ^ir, nest son, George Newde- 
gate, b. 1889) . i? es ., Elmley, Wimbledon Common, 

Cv, dau. of 4th Bn. 

ALiSON, Baronet's W idow. Dowager Lady 
A. (Jane, dau. of the late James Black, Esq.), 
mar 155S Gen Sir Archibald Alison, 2 ud BY. 
G.C.B. (d. 1907). ' 

t^ A £H^' Kn { G} , : X; Sir (Hugh) Montagu Allan, 

I > t ;, Ba ^/ (/904) v C.V.O. (1907), of Montreal, a Dir! 

I?:* 6 . 4 1 - lan « Inne L of steamships and of several 

other trading Cos. : b. i860, mar. 1893 Marguerite 

Ethel, dau. of the late Hector Mackenzie, Esq of 

Montreal ; in 1868 changed 2nd ehristn. name from 

Andrew to Montagu, lies., Ravenscrag, Mon- 
treal; Montrose, Caeouna. Quebec. 
ALLAN Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 

dau. or Walter Seattle, Esq.), mar. 18-0 . 

Wm. Allan, Kt. Bach., M.Pf (d. iqoi) lies 

Scotland House, Sunderland. 3 6) " 

ALLAN (HA VELOCK-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
o hncee Mobetox ffavelock-AlUxn, 2nd Bt, (U.K. 

1858) , a D.L for Durham, Capt. 3rd Batt. Durham 

L.I. (.Spec.Ees.) : son of 1st Be., b. 1872, sue 1807 
mar. 1903 Edith, dau. of the late T. C. J. Sowerbv 
Esq. Heir pres., his bro. Allan (b. 1874: 2nd 
neir, latter s son Henry Ralph Moreton, b. 1800). 
Seat, Blackwell Grange, Darlington. 

V The renowned Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Haveloek 
V^rS^i* conjunction with Gen. SirCV.s OnWn 
effected the first relief of Lueknow an.l then l.eti it 
under unparalleled cliilicuUies until himself relieved by 
fcr Colin Campbell-was designated for a Baronet hut 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art?, who 
assumed the additional name of Allan. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet's Widow'. 
Lady Alice 11.- A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E 
of Ducie b. 1843 mar. 1865 Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry 
M. Haveloclr-AUan, 1st Bt., G.C B jr ,jr M 
killed_by the Afridis, 1897. " ' 

ALLANSON and WINN, Baron (Trel 
see "Headley, Bn." 

ALLARDTCE, Hon. William Lamokd CMG 
(1902), late Receiver Gen. and Assist. Colon Sec' 
of Eiji, now Gov. and Ch. Justice of th^ Falkland 

i 8 T Vi Ee °" Govt - House > Port Stanley, 
Falkland Islds. - ' 

r¥n^ 0N WP^^S 5136 -)' CoL Richard, 
C.B (Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Afghn. 1870-80 
Soudan, and S Africa 1893-1903, now comdg'. 
Orange Riv. Col. Disc, as temp. Erig.-Gcn. • b 
1853. Res., Bloenifontein ; Logan, Old Cumnock, 
Ayrsh. ' 

ALLBUTT Knight. Prof. Sir Thomas 
Clifford, K.C.B. (Civ. 1907), M A M D 
F.R S., F.R C P., F.S.A., mT^'bSK Prof! 

01 imysic at Cambridge and Consg. Phys. to Maj. retd.' Yorks, Hussars, Imper. Yeom'., late 
various iiosps., was a Commissr. in Lunacy | Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus. ; a D.L. for Northumbd., 

l 797r 

1889-92 : b. 1836. mar. 186c? Susan, dau. of the 
late Thos. England, Esq. lies., St. Radcgund's, 

ALLCARD, Capt. Herbert, D.S.O. (1300-1), 

E. A., S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1876. 
ALLCHI'N, Knight. Sir William Henby 

AllcMn, Kt. Bach. (1907), M.D., F.E.S.E.. 

F. R.C.P., Consg. Phys. to Westmr. Hosp. and 
Vice-Pres. and a Life Gov. of L T niv. Coll., a 
memb. of Senate Lond. Univ. : b. 1846, mar. 18— 
Margaret, dau. of Alex. Holland, Esq., of New 
iTork. Bes., Nut Tree Hall, Plaxtol, Sevenoaks ; 
5 Chandos St., Cavendish Sq., AY. 

ALLCHIN, Thomas, I.S.O. (1908), an Assist. 
Charity Commissr. 

ALLDRIDGE, Thomas Joshua, I.S.O. (1905), 
F.R.G.S., F.E.C.I., F.Z.S., Hon. Corresp. Sec. of 
Eoy. Colon. Inst., late a Dist. Commissr. in 
Sierra Leone : b. 1847. Res., The Cottage, Hal- 
ting, Petersfic-ld, Hants. 

ALLEN, Knight (1). Col. Sir Charles Allen, 
Kt. Bach. (1908), V.D., Manag. Dir. of Ebbw 
Vale Co., Chum, of H. Bessemer & Co.. and Vice- 
Pres. of Sheffield and Hallamshire Bank, Col. 
comdg. W. Yorks. Vol. Artill. 

ALLEN, Knight (2), Sir Ch miles George 
Eillkrsden Allen, Kt. Bach. {1908), I.C.S., 
Chnin. of Calcutta Corp., has been a Magistrate 
and Collector. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Marian, dau. of Eev. Wm. B. Boyce), mar. 1851 
Sir Geo. W. Allen, K.C.M.G., Speaker Leg. 
Assem. N.S.W. (d. 1885). Res., Toxteth Pk., 
Sydney.— (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of the late 
Eev. J. F. Turner), mar. 1876 Sir Geo. Wm. Allen, 
K.C.I.E. (d. 1900). Res., 5 Cadcgan PI., S.W. 

ALLEN, Col. Alfred James Whitacre, C.B. 
(Mil. i9oS),late the Buffs; S. Africa 1879, Soudan 
1884-5, Tirah 1897 : b. 1857. 

ALLEN, Benjamin, I.S.O. (1903), Chief Clk., 
Public Works Loan Board : b. 1845. Res., The 
Lees, Sidcup S.O., Kent. 

ALLEN, George Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), Sec. 
to Treas. Dept. of Commonwealth of Australia : 
b. 1852. 

ALLEN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of the late 
En. Hood of Avalon. 

ALLEN, Maj. Hugh Morris, D.S.O., (1908), 
LA., ZakkaEhel: b. 1S67. " | 

ALLEN, Maj.-Gen. Ralph Edward, C.B. (Mil 
lQOO-i), Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. (1903) ; Rechuana- 
land 1884-5, and Boer War 1809-1901, late A.A.G 
at Headqrs. : b. 1846. Res., io Hanover Sq., W. 

ALLEN, Col. Egbert Franklin, D.S.O. (1904), 
E.E., Manipur 1891, Somalild. 1903-4, now Ch. 
Erigr. Westn. Comd., India: b. 1800. 

ALLEN, Capt. William Lynn, D.S.O. (1902), 
Border Begt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1871. Res., 
Port Brcckhurst, Gosporfc. 

ALLENBY, Col. Edmund Henry Hynman, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), late 5th Lancers; Eechuanald. 
1884-5, Zululand 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now comdg. 4th Cav. Brigade as temp. Brig - 
Gen. : b. 1801. Res., Colchester. 

ALLENBY, Capt. Reginald Arthue, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1904), R.N., Egypt 1882, late Naval 
Attache for Germany, Holland, and Denmark : 
b. 1861. Club, U. Serv. 

ALLENDALE, Baeon. Wentwoeth 
Canning Blackett Beaumont, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), 
P.C. (Gt. Br. 1907), M. A., late Vice-Chambn.of the 
Household, is Capt. of Yeom. of the Gd., Hon 

Directory of Peerage, 

136 ALL 

an M.P. 1895—1907: son of 1st Bn. ; b. Dec. 2, 
iSoo ; sue. 1907 (L.); mar. 1889 Lady Alexandria 
Louisa Maud Vane-Tempest, dau. of 5th M. of 
Londonderry. Seats, Bretton Pk., Wakefield; 
By well Hall, Rtoeksfield S.O., Northumb. ; town 
res., 144 Piccadilly, W. 
Ckeation. U.K. : Bn. Allendale, 1900. 

Titled Relatives 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Wentworth Henry Canning B., heir to 

Barony, b. 1890. 
Hon. Margaret Helen B.,h. 189-5. 
Hon. Aline Mary De Burgh B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Ralph Edward Mackett B., 2nd heir, b. 1001. 
Hon. Agatha Violet B., b. 1903. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Margaret Harriet, now The Lady Poltimov, b. 

1837, mar. i83i lion. Ooplestone R. G. VV. Bamp- 

fylde, now 3rd Bn. Polfcimore, q.v. 
Amy Virginia, now The Lady Brdbourne, b. 1C53, 

mar. 18802nd Bn. B., a- v. 
(Present Baron, b. 1S00.) 
Hon. Edward de Grey B., b. 1862. 
Hon. Hubert George B.. M.P. for Eastbourne Div., 

(L.), b. 1864. Res., 6 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

ALLENDALE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Edith Althea, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Hy. 
M. Hamilton and widow of Col. Sir Geo. P. 
Colley, K.C.S.I.), mar. 1891, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. 
Allendale (d. 1907). 

ALLERTON [pron. all-), Baron. William 
Lawif.s Jackson, 1st Bn. [U.K.), P.O. {Gt. Br: 
1890, Irel. 1891), LL.D., F.R.S., formerly Chief 
Sec. for Ireland and Finacc. Sec. to Treas., was 
Chmn. of S. African Cmttee. i8g5, now Climn. 
of Cr. N. Eail., late an M.P. , was Mayor of Leeds 
1 895-6, formerly a tanner and leather merchant: 
son of the late Wm. Jackson, Esq. ; b. Feb. 16, 
1840 ; cr. Bn. 1902 (C.) ; mar. i85o the late Grace 
(d. 1901), dau. of Geo. Tempest, Esq. Seat, 
Allerton Hall, Chapel Allerton, Leeds ; town res., 
27 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Ckeation. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1903. 


Hon. George Herbert J., heir to Barony, b. 1867, 
mar. 1899 Katheriue Louisa, dau. of Wm. \V. Wick- 
ham, E.-q. (Hon. Mrs. Jackson). Res., Walton 
House, Boston Spa S.O., Yorks. (2nd heir, his son 
George William Lawies, b. 1903.) 

Hon. Francis Stanley J., B.A., a D.L. for W. Rid. 
and City of York, late Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Lane. 
Regt. (Mil.), served in S. Africa 1900-2, is a well- 
known Yorkshire cricketer : b. 1870, mar. 1902 
Daisy, dau. of Hy. Harrison-Broadley, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Francis J.). Res., Burnholine, York. 

Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
Tinsley, mar. 1S91, wid. 1900. Res., Allerton Hall, 
as above. 

Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George Harper, 

mar. 1893 Lt.-Col. Geo. Montague H., D.S.O., q.v. 
Hon. Evelyn Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Arth. Philip B., Esq., M.D. Res., 44 
Seymour St., Portman Sq., W. 
Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-Masgrave, mar. 
1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham . Musgrave S.-M. Res., 
Oakburst, Moortown, Lneds. 
Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Aubrey BrocMe- 
lank, mar. 1898 Aubrey B., Esq.. son of 2nd Bt. 
Res., West House, Hartford, Northwich, Cheshire. 
ALLEYNE, Baronet. Sir John Gay Newton 
Alleync, 3rdBt. ( Gt. Br. 1769),M.I.C.E.,M.I.M.E., 
Vice-Pres. Iron and Steel Inst, and a Co. Aid. for 
Derbysh., formerly Warden of Dulwich Coll. and 
Capt. 12th Derby Rifle Vols. : son of 2ndBt., b. 
1820, sue. 1870, mar. 1851 Augusta Isabella, dau. 
of Sir Hy. FitzHerbert, 3rd Bt. Heir, his grand- 
son John Meynell A., R.N., b. 1889; 2nd heir, 
next grandson, Reynold Meynell, b. 1892. Res., 

Chevin, Belper, Derbysh. ; 3 Cambridge PL, 

ALLFREY, Hon. Mrs. Moubeay, dau. of 17th 
Bn. Saye and Sele. 

ALLISON, Lady Diana, dau. of 14th E. of 
Eglinton and Win ton. 

ALLIX, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 2nd Bn. 

ALLMAN, Robert, C.M.G. (1901), L.R.C.P.I., 
late Princ. Med. Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin 
1897, Aro 1901) : b. 1854. Res., 2 Cowper Villas, 
Palrnerston Pk., Dublin. 

ALLOA, Baron [Scot. 1489), a title of the Mar 
and Kcllie Earldom, claimed also by the E. of Mar. 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, 
q.v. for" Hons." and one mrrd. "Lady." 

ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), late Col- 
lector-Gen. of Customs, Excise, &c, in Jamaica. 
Bes., Kingston. 

ALMA-TADEMA— see " Tadema." 

ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE of (67;. Br. 
1784J— see "Northumberland, D. of." 

ALTAMONT, Earl of [by courtesy— -title, Irel. 
1771), eld. son and heir of Marq. of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Col. Edward Altham (name 
doubled), C.B. (Mil. 1904), C.M.G. (1901), late 
Roy. Scots; Bechuanald. 1884-5 and Boer War 
1899-1 goo, now (temp.) aBrig.-Gen. in charge of 
Administr. for Northn. Comd., late on Gen. Staff 
in S. Africa: b. 1855. Res., York. 

ALTHORP, Viscount. Charles Robert 
Spencer, 6th Vise. {Gt. Br. ; 1st of new creation, 
U.K.), P.C. (67*. Br. 1892), V.D., M.A., Lord 
Chambn. of the HousehcL, formerly Vice- 
Chambn. and a Groom in Wailing to Oueen Vic- 
toria, is Lord Lieut, of Northants. and Maj. and 
Hun. Lt.-Col. 4th Batt. N'thants. Regt. (Super- 
mini.), late an M.P. : half-bro. and heir pres. to 
Earl Spencer ; b. Oct. 30, 1857 ; cr. Vise. 1905 
[L. ) ; mar. 1887 the late Hon. Margaret Barmg (d. 
1906), dau. of 1st Bn. Revelstoke. Seat, Darling- 
ton House, Northampton; town res., Stable Yard, 
St. James's Palace, and 28 St. James's PL, S.W. 

Creations. Vise. Altborp, Gt. Br. 1765 and U.K. 1905. 
—The creation of 1765 falls under the 8pencer Earldom ; 
the later one is a new creation to enable the heir to take 
his seat in the Lords at once— the custom of calling up 
a son in his father's Barony not having extended to 


Hon. Adelaide Margaret S., b. 1889. 
Hon. Ai.bkht Edward John S., heir to Visety. and 

2nd heir to Spencer Earldom: b. 1802. 
Hon. Cecil Edward Robert S., 2nd heir to Visety., 

b. 1894. 

Hon. Lavinia Emily S., b. 1S99. 
Hon. George Charles ,S'., b. 1903. 
Hon. Alexandra Margaret Elizabeth S., b. 1906. 

ALTMAN, Knight. Sir Alrert Joseph 
Altman, Kt. Bach. (1894), a merchant, Lieut, and 
Common Councilman for City of London and 
Past Master of three City Cos.: b. 1839, mar. 18S9 
Margaret Eliza, dau. of Thos. Vernon, Esq. Res., 
The Lodge, Watford, Herts. 

ALTON, Paym.-m-Ch. Francis Cooke, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), was Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 
1898-1901 : b. 1856. 

ALVAREZ, Justin Charles William, I.S.O. 
(1908), Consul-Gen. at Tripoli. 

ALVERSTONE [pron. Alverston), Baron. 
Richard Everard Webster, 1st Bn. [U.K.) 
and a Bt., P.C. [Gt. Br. 1900), G.C.M.G. (1893; 
Kt. Bach. 1885), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., Lord 
Chief Justice of Engld., late Attorn.-Gen. (3rd 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



time), appd. Q.C. 1878, an M.P. 1885-1900, a memb. 
of Histor. MSS. Commssn. and a Gov. of the 
Charterhouse, a Kt. of Grace St. John Jems., 
was Brit. Counsel in the Arbitrations of Behring 
.^ea 1893 and Venezuela 1898-9 : son of the late 
Tnos. Webster, Esq., Q.C. ; b. Dec. 22, 1842; cr. a 
Bn. 1900 (C.) ; mar. 1872 the late Louisa Mary 
diu. 01 Wm. C. Calthrop, Esq. (she died 1S77'). 
No heir. Seat, Winterf old, Cranleigh, Guildford ; 
town res., Hornton Lodge, Campden Hill. Kens., 

Creations. U.K. : A Et. and Bn. Alverstone, iqoo. 

Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw Mellor, 
b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Shaw M., Esq.. Res., 14 
Westbourne St., Paddington, VV. 

The lata Hon. Arthur Harold W., h. 1874, d. 1902, 
having mar. iS/J CuLidys Marie, dan. of Sir Fras. 
H. Evans, istBt., K.C.M.G., M.P. ; she re-married 
1905 fis Mrs. Iain Ramsay, forfeiting title. Res., 
Kildalton, Port Ellen, Argyllsh. 

AMAE SINGH, Gen. Raja Sir, K.C.S.I. (1891), 
has been Pres. of Kashmir State Counc, Com.-in- 
Ch. of Army, and in charge of Foreign and other 
State Depts., Prime Min. 1888-9, now Cb. Min. to 
the Maharaja : b. 1S64. Brs., The Mandi Palace, 
Jammu, and Shergarhi Palace, Srinagar— both 

AMBERLEY, Viscount ( U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

AMHERST (the h pronounced) , family name of 
the following Earldom. Index to that line (a.) 
and that of "Amherst of Hackney" (a.ii., 
Tjssen- Amherst) , see below : 

Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Florentia, a. Ly. Margaret, a. 
by. Charlotte, a. Hn. Hugh, a. Hn. Percy Arth.A. 
Ha. Florence, a.h. Hn. Marg. Mitf.A.H.Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AMHERST, Eael. William Archer Amherst, 
3rd Ear] {U.K.), a D.L. for Kent, a Kt. of Jus- 
tice St. John Jems., an M.P. 1859-80 (as Vise. 
Holmesdale) and formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Crimea : son of 2nd E. ; b. March 26, 
1836; sue. i885 (C), having sat as Bn. Amherst 
from i83o in his father's lifetime; mar., 1st, 1862, 
the late Lady Julia Mann Gornwallis (d. 1883), 
dau. of 5th and last Earl Cornwaliis; 2ndly, 
1889, Alice, C'iss. of Lisburne (widow of 5th E. 
and sist. of widow of 6th), dau. of the late 
Edmd. Probyn, Esq. Seat, Montreal, Sevenoaks, 
Kent; town res., 3 Wilton Terr., Belgr. Sq., 

Creation's. Bn. Amherst, Ot. Br. 1788 ; Earl Amherst 
an.l Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The 1st Baron was a 
Field- Marshal Com. -in-Chief of the British Army in N. 
America 1738-64, afterwards of the entire British Army ; 
was also a Knight of tiie Bath. His nephew, who suc- 
ceeded under special remainder by a second patent, and 
who was Envoy to China and Viceroy of India, obtain. vl 
the Earldom and Viscty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of 2nd E. (brc 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1836.) 

Kev. the Hon. Percy Arthur A., B.A., heir pres. ta 

Earldom : b. 1339, widower. 
Lady Margaret Catherine A., h. 1848. Res., s Upner 

Berkeley St., W. 
kdy Elinor, now Lady E. Denison, b. 1850, mar. 1877 

Capt. Wm. Evelyn D. Res., Ossington, Newark, 


Lady Charlotte Florentia J.., b. 1351. Res., with Lady 

Hon. Hugh A., 2nd heir, Capt. late Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in Nile Expedn. 1884-5 h. 1856, mar. 1896 
Hon. Eleanor Clementina St. Aubyn (Hon. Mrs. 
Hugh A.), dau. of 1st Bn. St. Levan. 

and sists. of 

AMHERST (TYSSEN-), family name of fol- 
lowing Barony (see Index above). 

AMHERST of HACKNEY, Baron. William 
Amhurst Tyssen-Amherst (Tyssen pron. Tysen), 
1st Bn. {U.K.), a D.L. for Middx., Kt. of 
Justice St. John Jerus., an M.P. 1880-92, High 
Sheriff of Norfolk i856 : son of 1 he late Wm. G. T. 
Daniel Tyssen, Esq. (who by licence exchanged 
the name Daniel Tyssen for Tyssen- Amhurst, his 
son by a second licence altering the spelling of 
the last syllable); b. April 25, 1835; cr. Bn. 
1892 ((?.) ; mar. 1855 Margaret Susan, dau. of 
the late Adm. Robt. Mitford, a Lady of Justice 
St. John Jerus. Seat, Didlington Hall, Brandon, 
Norfolk ; town res., 8 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creation. En. Amherst of Hackney, U.R. 1S92 (with 
special remainder, in default of male issue, to eld. 
daughter and her issue male). 

( Tyssen-Amherst.) 

Mary Rothes Margaret, now Lady William Cecil, 
heiress pres. to Barony (by special remainder), 
Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : b. 1857, mar. 1885 
Lord Wm. £., son of 3rd M. of Exeter, q.v. (2nd 
heir, her son William Amherst C, b. 1886.) 

SZSrtl^rltA. ^HffXL^r 

Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A.S St. Jonn Jerus. 

Hon. Alicia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Cecil, Ladr of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 
Evelyn C, Esq., M.P., son of Lord Eustace Cecil, 
and 1st cousin of present M. of Salisbury. Res., 
10 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Hon. Geraldine Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drummond 
of Mepuinch, mar. i8.,q Capt. Male. 1). of M. Res., 
Megginch Castle, Errol S.O., Perthsh. 

The late Beatrice Margaret T.-A., d. i03i. 

AMORY (HEATHCOAT-), Baronet. Sir John 
Heathcoat Heathcoat- Amor y, istBt. {U.K. 1874), 
a D.L. for Devon, an M.P. 1868-85 (£•) = son of the 
late Saml. Amoiy, Esq., of Homartonand Portland 
Place, London; b. 1829, mar. 1803 Henrietta Mary, 
dau. of Wm. Uhwin, Esq. ; assumed additional 
name of Heathcoat 1874. Heir, his son Ian 
Murray Heathcoat H.-A. (b. 1S55 ; 2nd heir, 
latter' s son John, b. 1894). Seat, Knightshayes 
Ct., Tiverton, Devon. 

AMOS, Capt. Herbert Gilbert Maclachlan, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), late King's Own Scot. Bords., 
now 3rd Batt. Norf. Regt. (Spec. Res.) ; S.Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1866. Res., St. Ibbs, Hitchin, Herts. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow {remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Rt. 
Hon. Sir Richd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
Appeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H. Holme, 
Esq.— retaining title by courtesy. Res., Clarence 
Lodfre, Tunb. Wells. 

AMPHLETT, Maj. Charles Grove, D.S.O. 
(iqoc-i), with 1st Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-1900, now retd. : b. 1862. Res., Pour Ashes 
Hall, nr. Stourbridge, Wore. 

AMPTHILL {pron. Amt-hill), Baron. Oliver 
Arthur ViLLiERSi?«sseK, 2nd Bn. {U.K.).Q. C.S.I. 
(1904), G.C.I.E. (1900), M.A., P.R.G.S., late Gov. 
of Madras (was Acting Viceroy 1904), is Lt.-Col. 
comdg. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Spec. Res.), late 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. of State for Colonies: son of 1st 
Bn. and 1st cousin of D. of Bedford ; b. Feb. 19, 
1869 ; sue. 1884 {L.U.) ; mar. 1894 Lady Margaret 
Lug on, C.I., dau. of 6th Earl Beauchamp. Seat, 
Milton Ernest Hall, Bedford. 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. 1881.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the 9th Duke of Bedford, 
was created 1st Baron after a long diplomatic service, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 



Directory of Peerage, 


Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, n. i5gS. 
Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R., 2nd heir, b. iSs3, 
Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b 1901. 
Hon. Leopold Oliver R. , b. 1907. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bras, and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1869.) 

Hon. Odo William Theophilus Villiers R., Assist. 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, late 1st Sec. at 
Berlin, prev. Vienna : b. 1870. Res., 86 Eaton Sq.., 
with Dowager. 

Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R.,h. 1873. 

Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiera R., B.A., 
barrister-at-law, late Capt. 3rd Batb. Beds. Regt. 
(Mil.): b. 1874. mar. 1905 Aanora Margaret Brom- 
ley, dau. of the late Geo. E. Martin, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Victor R.). Res., 17 Hornton St., Kens., W. ; 
chamb., 5 Crown Office Sow, Temple, E.G. 

Hon. Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers R., M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 190"), Map Gren. Gds., served in S. 
Africa 1899-1902, now a Gen. Staff Offr. at Hdqtrs. ; 
twin with preceding. 

Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R. , 
b. 1879. 

AMPTHILL, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., V.A., nee Lady Emily Theresa Villiers. 
a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria: 
dau. of 4th E. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar - 
1st Bn. Ampthill (d. 1S84). Res., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 85 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

ANCASTER, Earl of. Gilbert Henry 
Heathcoie-Drummond-WillougTiby, 1st Earl (U.K.) 
and a St., P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880) ; Joint Here- 
ditary Lord Gt. Chamberlain (see note under 
" Cholmondeley, Marq."), Chum, of Q..S. and a 

D. L. for Parts of Kesteven, and a D.L. and Co. 
Aid. for Rutland, an M.P. 1852-67 (as Hon. G. H. 
Heathcote) : son of 1st Bn. Aveland and of Bnss. 
Willoughby de Eresby ; b. Oct. 1, 1830; sue. as 
2nd Bn. Aveland 1867, as 25th Bn. Willoughby 
de E. 1888, cr. Earl 1892 (C.) ; mar. 1863 Lady 
Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of 10th M. of 
Huntly ; assumed names Drummond and 
Willoughby 1872. Seats, Normaiiton Pk., Eut- 
land, nr. Stamford ; Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne. 
Lines. ; Drummond Castle, Crieff, Perthsh. : 
town res., 12 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Willoughby de Eresby, 1373 by 
writ. Gt. Br. : A Bt. 1733. U.K. : Bn. Aveland, 1856; 

E. of Ancaster, 1892.— The 1st Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edward I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in line married the 1st Bu. 
Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but on the death of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
widow of the 1st Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, 5th Et., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dysart in her own right. His son, the present 
Peer, who is thus a Baron through both Ins father and 
mother, and grandson of a Countess, was created Earl of 
Ancaster. He is said Baron Willoughby, but 25th when 
Baronesses are counted. 

Titled Relatives. 
( Heathcote-Drummond- Willoughby.) 
Issue of present (1st) E.: 

Lady Eveb - n Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, Order 
of Mercy: b. 1S64, mar. 1S88 Maj. -Gen. Sir Henry 
Peter E., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., a., v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, now Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1S66, mar. 1902 the late Gideon Macphersoa R., 
Esq. (d. 1907). Res., 31 Sicane Ct. West, Chelsea, 

Lord Willoughby de Eresby (pron. Derzby), heir to 
Earldom: Gilbert H.-D.-W., M.A., M.P. for Horn- 
castle Div. of Linc3. (C.), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col 
Lines, Yeom.: b. 1867, mar. 1905 Eloise, dau, 
of the late W. L. Brecse, Esq., of New York. Res., 
6 Audley Sq., W., and with Earl (Crieff excepted). 
Issue : 

Hon. Catherine Mary Clementina H.-D.-W. 
1). 1906. 

Hen. H.-D.'W.f 2nd heir, b. 1907. 

Lady Nina H.-D.-W., b. 1S69. _ 

Hon. Charles Strathavon H.-D.-W., Maj. Scots Gds., 
retd., served in S. Africa 1900-2, has been Comdt. 
of Chelsea Sch. of Instr. for Auxil. Forces : b. 1870, 
mar. 190^ Lady Muriel Agnes Stuart Erskine, dau. 
of 14th E. of Buchan. Res., 19 Chcyne Walk, S.W. 

Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Maj. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1502: b. 1872, mar. iocs, as and husb., 
Lady Florence Astley, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyrig- 
ham and widow of Bertram F. Frankland-Russell- 
Astlev, Esq. Res., 21 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Lady Cocilie, now Lady Cecilia Goff, b. 1874, mar. (r., Esq. Res., Carrowroe Pk., Ros- 
common ; 40 Pont St., Belg. Sq., S.W. 

lady Alice II. -D.- W., b. 1876. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Ctss. of Dalhousie, b. 1878, 

mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D., q..v. 
Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W., Lieut. R.N., b. 1883. 

— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Muriel H.-D.-W., see Hon. Charles above. 

Lady Florence H.-D.-W., see Hon. Claud. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. Aveland (sists. of present 
E.) : " 

(Present Earl, b. 1S30.) 

Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now Hon, Laay Tryon, 
a. v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 189^;). 

Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willoughby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name m 
lieu of Heathcote), b. 1838. Res., Swinstead Kail, 
Bourne, Lines. ; 4 Belgrave Sq.., S.W. 

ANCRAM, Earl op {Scot. 1633 and 1701) a 
title of the Lothian Marquessate, bome by the 
heir when the first-born of the family. Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised _ style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian" under Creations. 

ANDERSON Baronetcy (Eng. 1660), believed extinct 
iSqi, but now claimed and assumed, as 10th Bt., by 
James S. Anderson, of Beck Row, Soharn, Suffolk and 
Albert Pal. Mansns. 

ANDERSON, Bishop— see "Riverina." 

ANDERSON, Knight (1). Sir George Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1905), Treasurer and Chf. Oifr. 
of Bank of Scotld. and Pres. of Inst, of Bankers 
in Scotld. : b. 1845, mar. 1870 Mary, dau. of his 
relative Alex. Anderson, Esq., of London. Res., 
Beechmount, Murrayfield S.O., Midlothn. 

ANDEESON, Knight (2). Sir John Anderson, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), M.A., LL.D., Gov. of Straits 
Settmts. and of Labuan, High Commissr. for Pro- 
tected States in Malay Penins. and of Brunei, and 
Cons.-Gen. for States of British Nth. Borneo and 
Sarawak ; has been attached to important Com- 
mssns. and Confs., was on Staff of H.E.H. the 
present Prince of Wales on his visit to the 
Colonies: b. 1858, mrrd. Res., Govt. House, 

ANDEESON, Knight (3). Sir Robert vlwc?e?\so?2, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late 
Assist. Commissr. Metrop. Police and head of 
Grim. Investig. Dept., author of works on theology 
and agst. Higher Criticism and Home Eule : 
b . 1 84 1 , mar. 1 873 the under-mentioned Lady Agnes 
Anderson. Res., 39 Linden Gdns., Bayswater, Y/. 

ANDEESON, Knight (4). Sir Robert Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1903), an Alderman of Belfast, 
High Sheriff during the visit of H.M. the King ; 
Chum, of Sir Jno. Arnott and Co. and of Ander- 
son and M'Auiay and several other Cos., also of 
Belfast Y.M.C.A. : b. 1837, mar. 1900 Wilhelmina, 
dau. of Rev. Andrew Long. Res., Parkmount and 
Donegall PL, Belfast. 

ANDEESON, Knight (5). Sir Robert Row- 
and Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., E.R.S.E., 
F.R.I.B.A., Hon. R.S.A., architect: b. 1834, 
mar. 1863 Mary, dau. of Henry Boss, Esq. 
Res., Allermuir House, Colinton S.O., Midlothn. ; 
16 Rutland Sq., Edinburgh. 

Baronetage, Knightage, dec. A1G 139 


A^DEESON, Knights' Widows. (i) Hon. 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumarez 
(dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. 
Boston, own sist. of Caroline, Lady Boston, and 
mother of present Bn.), b. 1841, mar., 1st, 1859, 
Hon. Florance Irby, who became the above 5th 
Bn. (d. 1877) ; 2ndly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. 
Anderson, K.C.B. (d. 1896). Res,, Tannheim, 
Wimborne Ed,, Bournemouth, with her son-in-law 
Sir H. H. Johnston. — (2) Lady A. (Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Jos. Bareroft, Esq.), mar. 1863 
Sir Samuel L. Anderson, Crown Soiie. in Ireld. 
(d. 1886). Res., 74 Lower Baggot St., Dublin.— 
(3) Lady A. (Margaret Biehardson, dau. of Alex. 
Eonaldson, Esq.), mar. 1864 Sir Thos. M'Call 
Anderson, Kt. Bach. M.D., Eegius Prof, of Medi- 
cine in Glasgow Univ. and late Dean of Med. 
Faculty of same (d. 1908). — (4) Lady A. (Marian, 
dau. of the late Thos. S. Heptinstall, Esq.), mar. 
1867, as and wife, Gen. Sir Horace S. Anderson, 
K.C.B. (d. 1907). Res., Seerscroft, Faygate, Hors- 
ham, Sussex. — (5) Lady A. (Mary, dau. of the 
late S. J. Clutsam, Esq., M.D.) mar. 1871 Sir 
Wm. Jno. Anderson, late Ch. Justice of Trinidad 
(d. 1908). 

ANDEBSON, Lady Agnes Alexandrina, 
sist. of oth E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of 
Sir Eobt. Anderson, K.C.B., Kt. 3. 

ANDERSON, Maj.-Gen. Charles Alexander, 

C. B. (Mil. 1904), late R.H.A. ; Jowaki 1877-8, 
Afghn. 1878-80, Burma 1885-6, and N.W. Frontier 
1807-8 : b. 1857. -Res., Peshawar. 

ANDERSON, Maj. Ernest Chester, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), R.A.M.C., S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 1863. 

ANDERSON, Graham, CLE. (1894). (Not in 
Ind. Serv. List.) 

ANDERSON, Gen. Harry Cortlandt, C.B. 
(Mil. 1907), LA. ; Sutlej and Mutiny, is Hon. Col. 
4th Rajpoots : b. 1826. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Actg. Commissi', of Derajat, prey. Dep. Com- 
missi', in Punjab: b. 1851, Res., 2 Lansdown 
Cresc, Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Brig.-Surg. John, CLE. (1881), 
M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Trop. Medicine at 
St. Mary's Hosp. Med. Sch., was Med. Offr. on 
staff of M. of Ripon in India: b. 1840. Res.,' 
9 Hariey St., W. 

ANDERSON, Capt. John, D.S.O. (1902), late 
Q,mr. and Hon. Capt. A.S.C; S. Africa 1899-1903 
as Lt.-Col., late with Constab. there : b. 1852. 

ANDERSON, John Gerard, I.S.O. (1903), 
M.A., late Under Sec. Dept. of Public Instruc- 
tion, State of Queensland : b. 1836. Res., Meri- 
vale St., South Brisbane. 

ANDERSON, Capt. Nelson Graham, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), A.S.C, S. Africa 1900, now a Supply and 
Transport Offr., LA. : b. 1875. 

ANDERSON, Robert, C.M.G. (1903), M.I.C.E., 
late Ch. Engr. of Uganda Govt. Rails,, prev. of 
lines in Scotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 

ANDERSON, Maj. Rowland James Percy, 

D. S.O. (1900-1), 11th Hussars; N.W. Ind. Front, 
and Uganda, served with Tasm. Imper. Busbmen 
in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ANDERSON, Hon. Mrs. Stuart, dau. of Bn. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), Supt. of 
Registry, Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Campbell, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), F.R.G.S., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. 

3rd Batt. Cameronians (Spec, Res.) and Hon. Col. 
Unattached List ; Niger and Gold Coast 1896-9, 
S. Africa 1893-1902: b. 1868. 

ANDERSON ,WilliamMauriceAbbot,M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 190S), M.B., Fell, of Med. Soc. of Lond. 
and memb. Brit. Laryngolog. and Brit. Med. 
Assocs., Eon. Surg, to the Princess Royal and 
formerly Hon. Phys, to Univ. Coll. Hosp. Lond. : 
b. 1861. Res., 36 Hariey St., W. 

ANDOE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Bea- 
trice Ruperta, dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, 
Esq., son of 3rd Bt.), mar. 1880 Adm. Sir Hilary 
G-. Andoe, K.C.B., of nav. serv. from 1855 (d. 
1905). Res., 2 Elliott Terr., Plymouth. 

ANBOVEE, Viscount {by courtesy — title, Eng. 
1622), son and heir to E. of Suffolk and Berkshire. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Andrews, P.O. {Irel. 1903), a D.L. for 
Co. Down, Chmn. of Down O.C. during the visit 
of H.M. the King, is also Chmn. Co. Down Rail, 
and Pres. of Ulster Lib. Un. Assoc., a flax- 
spinner : b. 1843, mar. 1870. Res., Ardara, Comber 
S.O., Co. Down. 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
William Drennan Andrews, P.C {Irel. 1897), 
LL.D., Judge of King's Bench Div. High Ct., 
Ireld., formerly of Excheq. and Matrimon. Divs., 
appd. Q,.C. 1872 : b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 
Low r er Leeson St. , Dublin. 

ANGEL, Capt. Thomas Lumbard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Kimberiey Tn. Gd. ; Bcchuanald. 1896-7, 
and S. Afr. War 1900-1 : b. 1867. 

ANGLER, Knight. Sir Theodore Vivian 
Samuel Angler, Kt. Bach. (1904), F.R.S.S., 
memb. of the steamship linn of Angier Bros, and 
a Dir. of Empire Steamship Assur. Assoc., Pres. 
1905 of Chamb. of Shipping of U.K., formerly 
Capt. Middx. Yeom., is Pres. Walworth L.U. 
Assoc. and Vice-Pres. Brighton Tariff Reform 
League: b. 1845, mar. 1897 Lilian Maude, dau. 
of the late Edrud. Eoutledge, Esq. Res., Hill 
Crest, Dyke Ed., Brighton. 

ANGLESEY, Marquess op. Charles Henry 
Alexander Paget, 6th Marq. {U.K.) and a Bt. 
{Irel.), late Lieut. Eoy. Horse Gds. : 1st cousin of 
5th Marq., son of Lord Alex. Victor Paget, and gt. 
grandson of the Waterloo Fd. -Marshal ; b. April 
14, 1S85; sue. 1905(C); unmrrd. Seats, Beau 
Desert, Eugeley, StaS'ords. ; Pias Newydd, Llan- 
fairpwil S.O., Anglesey (the name "Anglesey 
Castle" is abandoned); town res., 10 Qrosvenor 
Sq., W. 

Creations. Bn. Paget, Eng. 1553 by writ; E. of 
Uxbridge, Gt. Br. 1784 ; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815 ; a 
Bt. Irel. 1730.— The 1st Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VIII. and raised to the Peerage under Edward 
VI. The 9th Bn. obtained the Uxbridge Earldom, 
he being cousin of a previous Earl of that title, which 
had subsisted 1714-G9. His successor was raised to the 
Marquessate, having been greatly distinguished in the 
Peninsular War and having at Waterloo led the grand 
charge which is considered to have decided the victory ; 
he was afterwards twice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
The line of succession from 1769 has descended from Sir 
Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Bt., who had married the heiress 
of the Paget Bny., and whose son, the above oth Bn. 
and 1st Earl, immediately assumed the ancient family 
name. A former Earldom of Anglesey belonged to a 
distinct family— that of Villiers— and lasted 1623-50; 
this was followed in 1661 by the awarding of the same 
title to the 2nd Vise. Valentia, but it also expired as 
noticed under the latter peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 

Bro. and sists. of present {6tk) 31. (granted rank of 
Marq.'s issue 1906) : 
Lord Victor William P., b. 1889, heir pres. to all 

140 kWG 

titles. (2nd hoirto Marquessate, Earldom, andBtcy., 
his uncle Lord Berkeley P. ; to Paget Bny., Peer's 
two sists.) 

Winifred Constance Hester, Visctss. Ingestre, b. 1881, 
mar. 1904 Vise. I., heir to Shrewsbury Earldom, q.v. 

Beatrice Eleanor, The Lady Herbert, b. 1883, mar. 
1904 Lord H., M.V.O., heir to Pembroke and M. 
Earldom, q.v. 

Surviving issue of 2nd M. (uncle of present) : 


The lute 3rd Marquess, b. 1821, d. x83o, childless.) 


(The lute 4th Marquess, b. 183s, d. 1898. Son : 

The late 5th Marquess, b. 1873, d. 1905 childless.) 

Lord Berkeley Charles Sydney P., formerly Hon. Maj. 
Staffordsh. Yeomanry, b. 1344, mar. 1S77 Florence 
(Lady Berkeley P.), dau. of the late Wm. H. Chet- 
wynd, Esq., son of 2nd Bt. Res., 11 Upper Wim- 
pole St., W. 

— Daa.-in-law (mother of present M.) : 

Lady Alexander P. (ne'e Hon. Hester Alice Stapleton- 
Cotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. Combermere, b. 1851, mar. 
1880 the late Lord Alexander Victor P. (d. 1896). 
Res., with her son: 
Present Marquess, b. iSSj. 

Daus.-in-law of 1st M. (gt. aunts of present) : 
(The late zvA Marquess, b. 1797, d. 1869.) 
Lady Alfred P. (Cecilia, cim. of Geo. T. Wyndham, 
Esq.), mar. 1847 the late Cen. Lord Alfred Henry 
P., C.B. (d. 1888). Res., Upper Lodge, Bushey Pk., 
Te.ldington ; 56 Queen Anne St., W. 
Lady George Augustus, now by 2nd mrrge. (1881) 
Louisa, Gtss. of Essex, q.v. (mar., 1st, 1861, Gen. 
Lord Geo. A. Fredk. P., K.C.B., who died 1880). 

ANGLESEY, Marquesses' Widows. (1) 
Dowager Marchioness of A. (Mary Living- 
stone, dau. of J. P. King, Esq., of Georgia, 
U.S.A., and widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), 
mar. iSSo, as 3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 
1898). Pes., 7 Sue de PErmitage, Versailles. — (2) 
Marchioness of A. (Lilian Florence Maud, 
dau. of Sir Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the 
Mchss. of Hastings), mar. 1898 5th Marq. (d. 
1905). lies., 7 Ovington Gdns., S.W. 

ANGUS, Earl of {Scot. 1389)— see "Hamil- 
ton, D. of." 

ANGUS, Knight. Sir William Angus, Kt. 
Each. (1907), formerly Pres. of Newcastle-on- 
Tyne Lib. Assoc., is connected with several edu- 
cational Lusts, at Tyneside, Chmn. of Angus, 
Sanderson, and Co., coach builders : b. 1841, mar. 
1876 Mnry, dan. of Eobt. Lyel, Esq. Res., Lime- 
croft, Ntwcastle-on-Tyne. 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., late Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. 1st New- 
castle-on-Tyne R.G.A. Vols, and Provincial Gd. 
Mark Master Mason for N' thumb, and Dur- 
ham: b. 1851. Res., The Cottage, Old Eenwell, 

ANHALT— see Royal Family. 

ANLEY, Capt. Barnett Dyer Lempriere 
Gray, D.S.O. (1900-1), Essex Regt,; with 6th Batt. 
Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1873. 

ANN, Knight. Sir Edwin Thomas Ann, Kt. 
Bach. (1906), Mayor of Derby in year of promo- 
tion, head of the Midld. Drapery Co. : b. 1852, 
mar. 1884 Sophia, dau. of Jno. M. Eastland, Esq. 
Res., West Parlcfields, Derby. 

ANNALY, Baron. Luke White, 3rd Bn. 
(U.K.), C.Y.O. (1908), a Lord of the Bedchamber 
to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, a D.L. for Cos. 
Northampton and Longford, late Lt.-Col. comdg. 
and Hon. Col. Northants. Imper. Yeom., for- 
merly Capt. in Scots Gds., served in Egypt 1882 : 
son of 2nd Bn.; b. Feb. 25, 1857; sue. 1888 (L.U.); 
mar. 1834 the Hon. Liiah Georgiana Augusta 

Constance Agar-Ellis, dau. of 3rd Vise. Clifden. 
Seats, Gowran S.O., Co. Kilkenny; Holdenby 
House, Northampton ; Luttrellstown, Clonsilla 
S.O., Co. Dublin ; town res., 43 Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.K. 1863.— The 1st Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
Lieutenant of latter. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Luke Henry W., heir to Barony, 2nd Lieut, 
nth Hussars: b. 1885. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 
Charles James.) 
Hon. Lilah Charlotte Sarah IF., b. 1889. 
Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret b. 1890. 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Eilen, now Ellen, Lady Tnchiqum (q.v., Widow), 
b. 1854, mar. 1874 14th Bn. I. (d. 1900). 

Lion. Alice Emily, now Vctss. Coke, b. 1835, mar. 
1879 Vise. C, see " Leicester, 2nd E." 

(Present Baron, b. 1837.) 

Hon. Charles James JF., formerly Capt. Royal 
Fusiliers and Ch. Commissr. of Police in Rhodesia, 
served in Matabele Campaigns of 1893 and 1896 : 
b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelyn, dau. of the late J. B. 
Bulkeley-Johnson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles jr.). 
Club, Kav. and Mil. 

Hon. Robert U r ., late Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus., and 
Staff Offr. in Rhodesia Horse, served in Nile 
Expedn. 1384-5 and in S. Africa 1900, and took 
part, together with his deceased bro. Hon. Henry 
Fredc, in the Jameson Raid (sentenced to seven 
months' imprisonment) : b. 1861. Res., 16 Stratton 
St., Piccadilly, W. 

Hon. Violet, new Lady Percy St. Maur, b. 1869, mar. 
1899 the late Lord Percy St. M., son of the 14th D. 
of Somerset (q.v.). 

Hon. Francis William TF., b. 1873. 

Surviving dau. of 1st Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1829, d. 1888.) 
Hon. Emilie Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 
1844, mar. 1S67 2nd Bn. E., q.v. 

ANNALY, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Emily, dau. of Jas. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1S53 2nd Bn. Annaly (d. 1888). Res., The Red 
House, Holkham, Wells S.O., Norfolk. 

ANNESLEY, family name of Annesley Earl- 
dom and Valentia Viscounty. Index to the two 
lines : 

Hn. Algem.S.A. v.Ly. Clare, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 

tin. Altisidora, v. Ly. Constance, a. Hn. Lettice, v. 
Hn. Arthur, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Sydney A. v. 
Hn. Mrs. Arthur,A.Hon.Mrs.Fras.sep. Hn. Victoria, v. 
Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hn. Violet, v. 

ANNESLEY (pron. Ann'ezly), Earl. Hugh 
Annesley, 5th Earl (lrel.), an Irish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1877), B.A., a D.L. for Co. Down, an M.P. 
1857-74 (as Hon. H. Annesley), formerly Lt.-Col. 
Scots Gds., served in Kaffir War of 1851-3 and in 
Crimea: son of 3rd E. and bro. of 4th; b. Jan. 
25, 1831 ; sue. 1874 (0.) ; mar., 1st, 1877, the late 
Mabel Wilhelmina Frances, dau. of Col. Wm. T. 
Maikham (she died 1891) ; 2ndly, 1892, Priscilla 
Cecilia, dau. of the late Wm. Armitage Moore, 
Esq. Seats, Castlewcllan S.O., and Donard Lodge, 
Newcastle S.O., both Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewcllan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Glerawly (q.v.) 1706; Earl AnnesUy, 1739.— The 1st 
Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yor'ks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
(A nnesley.) 
Issue of present ($th) E. : 
By ist mrrge. 
Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Sowerby, b. 1881, mar. 1904 Lieut. Gerald S., R.N. 

ANM Baronetage, Knightage, &c. AIsT 141 

Vise. Glerawly, heir to Earldom: Francis A., b. 
18S4. (2nd heir, Iris ist cousin Walter Eeresford A., 
b. 1861.) 


Lady Clare A., b. 1893. 

Lady Constance Mary A., b. 1895. 

Dau.-in-law of yd E. (sist.-in-law of present) : 
Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston, Esq.), mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. 
Arth. A. (d. 18B1). 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Francis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. New borough. 

ANNESLEY, Maj. James Howard Adolphus, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Maj. GthDrgn. Gds., nowBrig.- 
Maj. Seounderabad Div. ; Tirah 1837-3, S. Africa 
1903-1 : b. 1 858 (descendant of 2nd Earl). Res., 

ANNESLEY, Maj. William Richard Norton, 

D. S.O. (1886), late Roy. W. Kent Regt. ; Egypt 
i885 : b. 1863 (descendant of 2nd Earl and 1st 
cousin of preceding). 

Gen. Sir Arthur IjYttelton Lyttelton-Annesley, 
K.C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S.,F.Z.S.,F.Soc.Arts, Col. 
11th Hussars, served in Crimea and has been 
A.A.G. at Headqrs., A.G. at Bombay, andcomdg. 
in Scotld., ret. 1898 : b. 1837, assumed name of 
Lyttelton by licence 1884. Ecs., Templemere, 
Weybridge, Surrey. 

ANSELL, William James David, I.S.O. 
(1907), Coll. of Customs, Larnaca, Cyprus, and 
Supt. of the Port and Registrar of Shipping : 
b. 1853. Ecs., Larnaca. 

ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons.," see also below. 

ANSON, Baronet. Sir William Reynell 
Anson, 3rd Bt. ( U.K. 1S31), D.C.L., LL.D., M.P. 
for Oxford Univ. (L. U.), late Pari. Sec. to Bd. of 
Education, barrister-at-law, Chmn. Oxfordsh. 
Q.S., Warden of All Souls Coll., andChanc. of the 
Diocese of Oxford, a Trustee of Nat. Portr. 
Gall., late Vice-Chanc. of the Univ. and for- 
merly Vinerian Reader in Civ. and Engl. Law : 
son of 2nd Bt., b. 1843, sue. 1873. Heir pres., 
his bro. Frederick Arthur (b. 1850 ; 2nd heir, 
latter'sson Denis George William, b. 1888). Seat, 
Birch Hall, Manchester ; res., All Souls Coll., 
Oxford ; Pusey, Faringdon, Berks. ; 192 Ashley 
Gdns., Westmr., S.W. ; cliamb., 1 Brick Ct., 
Temple, E.C. 

ANSON, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Hon. Adelbert 
John Robert Anson, D.D., 1st Bp. of Qu'Appelle 
(Assiuiboia, Canada, 1884-92), was Warden of St. 
John's Hosp. Lichfield 1893-8, now Bp. Assist., 
Chanc, and a Canon of that Cathedral : son of 1st 

E. of Lichfield, b. 1S40, cons. 1884. Ees., The 
Close, Lichfield. 

ANSON, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Archibald 
Edward Harbord Anson, K.C.M.G. (1882), R.A. 
retd. (1879), served in Crimea and Malay Penins., 
and has three times administered Govt, of Straits 
Settmts., was Insp.-Gen. of Police at Mauritius 
1858-67 and Lt.-Gov. of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1825 
(son of 1st Bt. in above line) , mar. 1906, 2nd wife, 
Isabelle Jane, dau. of the late Robt. Armitstead, 
Esq. Ees., Southfield, Silverhill, St. Leonards- 
on-Sea . 

ANSON, Viscount (by courtesy— title U.K. 
1806), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 
Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absorbed 
in the Lichfield Earldom. 

ANSON, Hon. Mrs. Algernon, dau. of 6th 
Bn. Vernon. 

ANSON, Capt. Charles Eustace, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1901), R.N., Egypt 1882, a Younger Bro. 
of Trinity House : b. 1859 (grandson of 5th Bn. 
Vernon). Ees., Needwood, The Avenue, Bourne- 

ANSTICE, Col. John Arthur, C.B. (Civ. 1904), 
V.D., M.A.,,Hon. Col. 4th Batt. Shropsh. L.L, 
a D.L. andC.C. for the Co., also C.C. for Glos., 
several times Mayor of Wenlock : b. 1846. Ees., 
The Old Grange, Dymock, Gloucester. 

ANSTICE, Col. Robert Henry, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), M.A., Lt.-Col. (retd.) and Hon. Col. 1st 
Aberdeensh. Vol. R.E. : b. 1843 (elder bro. of 
preceding). Ecs., Westbourne House, Ferryhill, 

ANSTRUTUER (pron. An'struther; place 
locally called Anster), Baronet. Sir Ralph 
William Anstruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskie (Scot. 
1694), a D.L. for Caithness and Fifesh., Lt.-Col. 
and Hon. Col. 7th Batt. Black Watch (Spec. 
Res.), formerly Capt. R.E., has served in 
Egypt and Bechuanaland : son of 5th Bt., b. 
1858, sue. 1886, mar. same year Mildred Harriet, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Hussey, Esq. Heir, his 
son Robert Edward (b. 1890 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Henry Torrens, b. i860). Seats. Balcaskie, Pitten- 
weem S.O., Fifesh. ; Watten S.O., Caithness. 

ANSTRUTHER, Baronet's Widow. Dowager 
Lady A. (Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. Wm. K. 
Marshall, D.D.), mar. 1857 Sir Robt. Anstruther, 
5th Bt. (d. 1S86). Ees., Hook Heath, Woking, 

ANSTRUTHER, Arthur Wellesley, C.B. 
(Civ. 1908), Assist. Sec. Bd. of Agiic. 

ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 
4th Bn. Sudeley. 

ANSTRUTHER, Capt. Robert Hamilton, 
C.M.G. (1907), R.N., Sen. Nav. Offr. at New- 
foundland : b. 1862 (bro. of above Bt.). Club, 

Sir Windham Frederick Carmichael- Anstruther, 
nth Bt. of Anstruther (Scot. 1700) and 7th of 
Carmichael (Gt. Br. 1798), Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Scotld. and one of the Masters 
of same : son of 10th Bt., b. 1902, sue. 1903. 
Heir, his 1st cousin once removed, Gerald 
Yorke C.-A. (b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, latter' s son 
Eric Windham Francis, b. 1900). Scat, Car- 
michael House, Thankerton S.O., Lanarks. 

Widow. Lady C.-A., now Hon. Mrs. Algernon 
Hanbury-Tracy (Sylvia, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Davley, G.C.M.G.), mar., 1st, 1901, Sir Windham 
Robt. Carmiehael-Anstruther, 10th Bt. (d. 1903) ; 
2ndly, 1905, Hon. A. Hanbury-Tracy, C.M.G., 
q.v. (under "Sudeley"). 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. Fitz- 
Roy, dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe. 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. James, 
dau. of 7th Vise. Chetwynd. 


ANTICHAMP (or -chan)— see " Autichamp." 

ANTIGUA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Walter 
Farrar, D.D., 6th Bp., late Acting Prine. of 
Theolo^. Coll., Kingston, Jamaica, and Rect. of 
Hawkehurch, Dorset : b. 18—. Ees., Bishop's 
Lodge, Antigua. 

ANTLLL, Col. John Macquarie, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Rifles; S. Africa 1899- 
1901, now on Staff of Austral. Commonwealth 


Directory of Peerage, 


Forces, A.D.C. to Gov. Gen., and Ch. Instr. of 
Mtcl. Troops in N.S.Yf . : b. 1866. Res., Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl of. William Randal 
McDonnell, 11th Earl (IreL, 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly JLient. Tyrone 
Fusiliers : son of 10th Jsth) E. ; b. Jan. 3, 1851 ; 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 .Louisa Jane, V.A., sistrof 
present Earl Grey and a Lady of the Bedchamber 
to H. M. the Queen. Seat, Glenarm Castle, 
Glenarm S.O., Co. Antrim. 

Creation. E. of Antrim and Yisc. Dunluce, Irel., new 
patent 1783 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John MacDonald, Lord 
of the Isles, who married a daughter of King Kobert 
IE. As to the altered form of the name, the original of 
the entire Clan was spelt in Gaelic Mac Domhnaill, the 
different branches having diversely varied it : that of 
Antrim, by marriage associations with the family 
of MacDonell, took to that form and eventually the 
present. The above ancestor was murdered by one 
James Campbell. His descendants were more than 
once in rebellion, and after the execution of one of 
them, with four of his six sons, in 1494, the two sur- 
viving sons fled to Ireland, but returned later on, and 
in 1529 "ravaged the lands of the Campbells with fire 
and sword " (' Burke'). The next representative of the 
family was at war with both the Irish and English, but 
became possessed of lands in Ireland and eventually 
settled down as a faithful subject of Queen Elizabeth. 
He was made a free citizen of Ireland, and married 
the daughter of the Earl of Tyrone. His son Sir 
Randal MacSorley McDonnell obtained the Peerage. 
The eth Earl, having no male issue, procured the right 
of succession for his daughters and their male issue, 
so that there was never any interruption in the line : 
the present Earl is therefore actually the nth, though 
holding his title from a patent under which he is only 
the 6th. The 2nd Earl of the original creation was 
promoted to be Marq. of Antrim, but that title ex- 
pired upon the death of the 6th, not being included 
in the extended remainder to daughters. The 2nd of 
these married Lord Mark Robert Kerr, but her son, on 
succeeding as 9th Earl, resumed the former name of 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {11th) E. : 

Lady Sibyl Mary, now Lady S. Smith, b. 1876, mar. 
1897 Vivian Hugh S., Esq. Res., Rolls Pk., Chig- 
well S.O., Essex. 
Vise. Dunluce, heir to Earldom: Randal Mark Kerr 
McD., 2nd Lieut. 4th Batt. Royal Lane. Regt. 
(Terr. Inf.), b. 1878, mar. 1994 Margaret Isabel, 
dau. of Rt. Hon. J. G. Talbot, M.P., grandson of 
2nd Earl Talbot. Res., Walney Old Vicarage, 
Barrow-in- Furness. 
Hon. Angus MeD., 2nd heir, b. x88i. 
Surviving! issue of 10th E. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
( Present Earl, b. 1851. ) 

lion. Mark Henry Horace McD., formerly Lieut. 

Roy. Irish Regt., b. 1852, mar. 1892 Emily Fanny 

Dorothy, dau. of Sir Geo. R. Osborn, 6th Bt. 

(Hon. Mrs. Horaco McD.). lies., 24 Brunswick 

PL, Hove, Brighton. 
Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady C. Tiertie, b. 1833, 

mar. i83i Rev. the Hon. Albcric Edwd. B., son of 

6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. 
Hon. Alexander McD., a clerk in House of Lords, b. 

1857. Res., 6 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. 1858, 

mar. 1878 Henry Chas. H., Esq., gt. nephew of 12th 

D. of Norfolk. Res., Greystoke Castle, Greystoke 


Lady Evelyn McD., b. i860. Res., 3 Buckingham 
Gt, S.W. 

Hon. Sir Schomberg Kerr McD., K.C.B., b. 1861, see 

" McDonnell, Kt. 1." 
Lady Jane Grey, now The Lady Clinton, b. 1S63, mar. 

1SS6 Hon. Chas. Jno. Eetbt. H.-8.-F.-Trefusi8, now 

sstst Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. ("Nina") Balfour b. 18-35, 

mar. 1888 Chas. Barrington B., Esq., M.P. lies., 

Newton Don, Kelso, Roxburghsh. ; Balfour House, 

}':a Iconic Markinch, l'ifeali. ; 14 Crosvc-nor Cresc, 


Dav. ofQth E. (1st cousin of present) : 

Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see " Mac Gregor, Bt.'s 
Widow of Mac Gregor." 

Dau.-in-laio of Ctss. 8ih in line (being aunt of 

present E.) — surname Kerr: 
Hon. Mrs. Arthur Kerr (Agnes Steuart, dau. of J. 
H. Frankland, Esq.), mar. 1846 the late Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg K. (d. 1856). Res., Bashing Pk., 
Godalming ; 5 Beaufort Gdns., Brompton lid., S. W. 

ANTEOEUS, Baronet. Col. Sir Edmund 
Antrohus, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1815), formerly comdg. 
3rd Batt. Gren. Gds., served in Suakin Expedn. 
1885, ret. 1903: son of 3rd Bt., b. 1848, sue. 1899, 
mar. i835 Florence, dau. of the late Capt. Jules 
A. Sartoris. Heir, his son Edmund (b. 1886 ; 2nd 
heir, Bt.'s bro. Cosmo Gordon, b. 1859). Seat, 
Amesbury Abbey, Salisbury. 

ANTEOEUS, Reginald Laurence, C.B. (Civ. 
1898), B.A., an Assist. Under Sec. in Colon. 
Office, admind. Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has 
been Briv. Sec. to four For. Sees. : b. 1853. Res., 
19 Cranley Gdns., S. Kens. S."W. 

AOSTA, Duke d' (Duea, Italy 1238 : d' = di). 
H.E.H. Prince Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio 
Eugenio Geneva Giuseppe Maria, K.G. (1902), 
1st cousin of the King of Italy: b. 1869 (at 
Geneva), mar. (at Kingston) 1895 H.R.H. Prss. 
Helene d' Orleans. Res., Castello di Mandria, 

AECAR, Apcar Alexander, C.S.I. (1905), 
Pres. of Bengal Chamb. of Comm. and an Addit. 
Meinb. of Counc. of Viceroy: b. 1851. Res., 

APLIN, Maj. John George Orlebar, 
C.M.G. (1899), Insp.-Gen. of S. Nigeria Constab., 
late Capt. and Hon. Maj. 3rd Batt. D. of Corn- 
wall's L.I. (Mil.). Res., Lagos, Yf. Africa. 

APLIN, Col. Philip John Hanham, D.S.O. 
(1904), I.A., Afghn. 1879-1S80, Burma 1885-9, 
Somalild. 1903-4: b. 1859. 

APPELBE, Col. Edward Benjamin, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Assist. Dir. of Ordn. Stores at Woolwich; 
Zululd., Soudan 1884-5 and 1S88-9, and S. Africa 
1899-1902, ret. 1007: b. 1855. Res., East Mascalls, 
Old Charlton S.O., Kent. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), late Priv. Sec. to Marq. of London- 
derry, formerly Capt. and Hon. Maj . Montgom. 
Irnper. Yeom. : b. 1846. Res. , South End, Durham. 

AEPERLY, Knight. Sir Alfred Apperly, 
Kt. Bach. (1907), Pres. of Mid Glos. Lib. Assoc. 
and Past Pres. of Glos. and Heref . Congregafc. 
Union, Chairm. of Apperly, Curtis and Co., 
cloth manufacturers: b. 1839, mar. 1865 Maria, 
dau. of H. C. Paice, Esq. Res., Rodborough Ct., 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
Assist. Accountant in Scotch Educn. Dept. : 
b. 1857. 

APPLE YARD, Maj. -Gen. Frederick Ernest, 
C.B. (Mil. 1875), Burma 1852, Crimea, and Afghn. 
1878-9, ret. 1884 as Hon. Maj. -Gen. : b. 1829. 
Res., Tarakai, Surbiton, Surrey. 

APPLIN, Capt. Reginald Vincent Kempen- 
feldt, D.S.O. (1902), 14th Hussars; opera- 
tions in Ladia 1894 &c. and S. Africa 1900-2, 
late a D.A.A.G. for Musketry : b. 1869. 

APPS, Engr.-Com. William Richard, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), R.N., Gambia 1894 and 1901, 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862. 

APSLEY, Lord (by courtesy— title, Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), eld. son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 

ABBUCKLE, Knight. Hon. Sir William 
ArbucMe, Kt. Bach. (1902), Agent-Gen. for Natal 
in London and Chum, of several Commssns. and 
Cmtfcees., late Pres. Leg. Counc, Colon. Treas., 
&c. (title " Hon." to be retained), five times Mayor 
of Durban : b. 1839, mar. 1865 Henrietta, dau. of 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 

AUG 143 

Hy . Shire, Esq . Res. , 2o5 Ashley Gdns. , Westrnr . , 
S.W., and 26 Victoria St., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Capt. Sir Robert 
Keith Arbuthnot, 4th Bt. (U.K. 1823), M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1904), S.N. : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1864, sue. 
1889, mar. 1897 Lina, dau. of Col. Alex.C. Macleay, 
C.B. Heir pres., his bro. Mai. Dalrymple A. (b. 
1867; 2nd heir, next bro., William Fitzgerald, b. 
1875). Res., 105 Cadogan GdDs., S.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight. Sir George Gough 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), formerly paxtner 
in a merchant firm at Madras and an M.L.C. : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Isabella 
dau. of Rev. the Hon. Richd. C. Boyle (son of 
8th E. of Cork). 

ARBUTHNOT, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady 
A. (Caroline Charlotte, dau. of Wm. Clarke, Esq., 
M.D., of Barbados), mar. 1868 Gen. Sir Chas. G. 
Arbuthnot, G.C.B. (d. 1899). Res., 37 Castletown 
Ed., W. Kens., W. — (2) Lady A. (Constance 
Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 3rd Bo.), 
mar. 1899, as 2nd wife, Sir Alex. J. Arbuthnot, 
K.C.S.l. (d. 1907). Res., Newtown House, New- 
bury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Maj.-Gen. Henry Thomas, 
C.B. (Mil. 1907), Col. and Hon. Maj .-Gen. retd. 
)i887), Crimea and Mutiny, formerly Supt. of 
Roy. Small Arms Factory, Enfield : b. 1834. Res., 
Ramsay House, Shooter's Hill, Woolwich. 

ARBUTHNOT, Capt. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1902), Scots Gds. ; S. Africa 1900-1, 
late A.D.C to Gov. of Hong Kong : b. 1875 (gt. 
grandson of 2nd Bt.). 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 
Viscounty, q.v. for "Hons." 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty when a son. 

ARBUTHNOTT (pron. Ar'buthnot), Viscount. 
David Arbuthnott, 11th Vise. (Scot.) : son of 
9th V. and bro. of 10th ; b. Jan. 29, 1845 ; sue. 
1S95; unmrrd. Seat, Arbuthnott House, Fordoun 
S.O., Kmcardinesh. 

Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. 
1641.— The isfc Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 
Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of gth V. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 

1838, mar. 1864 the late Alex. <S'., Esq.. (d. 1901). 

Res., Campfield, Glassel S.O., Aberdnsh. 
(The late 10th Viscount, b. 1843, d. childless 1895.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1843.) 

Hon. William A., heir pres. to Visctj r ., late R.A.: 
b. 1849. Res., with Peer, (2nd heir, his ist cousin 
Lt.-Col. Walter Charles Warner A., b. 1847.) 

Hon. Margaret A., b. 1854. Res., BridgG-cf-Allan, 

Dau. of 8th V. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 9th Viscount, b. 1806, d. 1291.) 
Hon. Anne Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Cheapo, 

b. 1813, mar. 1847 the late Alex. C, Esq.. (d. iSgc). 

Res., Lathochar, nr. St. Andrews, Fifesh. 

— Daus. -in-law: 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh A. (Susannah Morrison, dau. of 
the late Jno. Campbell, Esq.), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. x866). Res., Downside, 
Otley Rd., Harrogate. 

Hon. Mrs. David A. (Eiiza, dau. of Thos. F. 
Reynolds, Esq.), mar. 1S47 the late Hon. David A., 
C.S.I, (d. 1901). Res., Fairlawa, Paignton, Devon. 

ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), a Commissr. in Assam (Surma Valley) and 
an M.L.C. of Bengal : b. 1858 (grandson of 8th 

ARCHDALE, Col. Hugh James, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Lines. Regt. ; Soudan 1885, Burma 
1886-7, and S. Africa 1899-1902, now comdg. N. 
Midland Div. T.F. as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 1854. 
Res., Packing-ton Hall, Lichfield. 

ARCHDALE, Capt. Theodore Montgomery, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1901: b. 

ARCED ALL, Bishop— see "Killaloe." 

ARCHER, Lt.-Col. Charles, CLE. (1905) , LA., 
Zhob Valley, has been Assist. Sec. to Ind. Govt, 
in For. Dept., now Polit. Agent of Quetta and 
Pishni: b. 1861. Res., Quetta, Baluchistan. 

ARCHER, William John, CM.G. ' (1902), 
Counc. of Siamese Legat. in London, formerly 
Judge of H.M.'s Court for Siam and Acting Cons, 
at Rio Grande do Sul, late a Judge of Mixed Ct. 
of First Instance, Egypt: b. 1861. 

ARCHIBALD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Elizabeth, dau. of the late Rev. Jno. Burnyeat), 
mar. 1843 Sir Adams G. Archibald, K.C.M.G., 
Ch. Sec. &c. for Nova Scotia (d. 1892). Res., The 
Cottage, Truro, Nova Scotia. 

ARDAGH, Bishop of — see " Kilmore." 

ARDAGH, Cant. George Hutchings, D.S.O. 
(1902), late 9th Batt. Imper. Yeom. ; S. Africa 
1901 ; b. 1861. Res., Shorthands, Staines, Middx. 

ARDEE, Lord (by courtesy— title, En. A., Irel. 
1616), eld. son and heir of E. of Meath. 

ARDEN, Baron (Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
"Egmont, E. of." 

name in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise Baillie-Hamilton. 

ARDFERT, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

ARDILAUN, Baron. Arthur Edward 
Guinness, 1st Bn. (U.K.) and a Bt., M.A., 
LL.D., a D.L. for Cos. Galway and Kerry and 
Co. and City of Dublin, an M.P. 1868-9 and 
1874-80: son of Sir Benj. L. Guinness. istBt., 
M.P. ; b. Nov. 1, 1840; sue. as 2nd Bt. i863, 
cr. Bn. 1880 (0.) ; mar. 1871 Lady Olivia Charlotte 
White, dau. of 3rd E. of Bantry. Heir, to Peerage 
none; to Baronetcy his nephew Algernon 
Arthur St. Lawrence Lee 67. (b. 1883 ; 2nd 
heir, latter's bro. Kenelm Edward Lee, b. 1887). 
Seats, . Ashford, Co. Galway, Cong S.O. ; St. 
Anne's, Clontarf , Dublin ; Muckross. Killarney ; 
town res., 11 Carlton House Terr., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Et. 1S67 ; Bn. Ardilaun, 18S0.— 
No issue. Vise. Iveach is his younger brother. The isfc 
Bt. had restored the half-ruined Cathedral of St. Patrick 
at his own cost, and was for this liberality permitted to 
bear supporters in his coo,t of arms. 

ARDRON, John, C.B. (Civ. 1906), A.M.I.E.E., 
late an Assist. Sec. in G.P.O., ret. 1906: b. 1843. 
Res., 4, Northampton Pk., Canonbury, N. 

ARDROSSAN, Baron (U.K. 1806)— see 
" Eglinton and Winton, E. of." 

ARDWALL, Lord (of Session). Andrew 
Jameson, M.A., LEi.D., formerly Sheriff of Cos. 
Roxburgh, Berwick, and Selkirk, then of Ross, 
Cromarty, and Sutberld., and lastly of Perth ; 
appd. Q..C. 1S97, a Lord of Session with title 
Hon. Lord Ardwall 1905 : b. 1845, mar. 1875 Chris- 
tian Robison (ZaeZ# A rdwall), dau. of Jno. Gordon 
Brown, Esq. Res. , Ardwall, Gatehouse S.O., Kirk- 
eudbtsh. ; 14 Moray PL, Edinburgh. 

ARGYLL, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie, D.D., Bp. of Argyll and the Isles, late 
Exam. Chapl. to Bp. of Brechin and Rect. of St. 
Paul, Dundee (Provost 1905), formerly Curate of 

144 AUG 

Directory of Peerage, 


St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol: b. 1863, cons. 1507. 
Bes., Bungallon, Oban, Argyllsh. 

ARGYLL, Duke of. John Douglas Suther- 
land Campbell, cth Duke {Scot., 2nd of U.K.), 
K.T. (1871), P.O. ~(£<. Br. 1875), G.C.M.G. (1878), 
G.C.V.O. ( 1901 ) and has Vietn. Chain, V.D., LL.D.; 
Heritable Master of H.M.'s Househd. in Scotland, 
Keeper of Dunstaffnage, Dunoon, and Carrick 
Castles, and Keeper of the Great Seal of Scot- 
land, Lord Lieut, and Eered. High Sheriff of 
Argyllshire, Admiral of the "Western Isles, a 
D.L. for Dumbartonsh. , and Gov. of Windsor 
Castle, Chanc. of Order of St. Mioh. and St. 
George, formerly Gov.- Gen. of Canada, is Hon. 
Col. of 14th Batt. Co. of Lond. Regt. (Terr. Inf.), 
of 9th Batt. Highld. L.I., of 6th Batt. Lanes. 
Fus. (Mil.), late 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. and Suthd. 
Highidrs., and of 1st Argyll and Bute Yol. 
Artill., and of Argyll L.I. (15th Canad. L.I.) ; an 
M.P. 1868-78 and 1895-1900; head of the house 
and clan of Campbell': sm of 8th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 
1845; sue. 1900 {L.U.); mar. 1871 H.R.H. the 
Princess Louise (see Roy. Fast.). Seat, Roseneath 
House, Roseneath SO.. Dumbartonsh.;* town 
res., Kensington Palace, VV". 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 1445 ; E. of Argyll, 1457 ; 
Ld. Lome, 1470; D. of Argyll, M. of Lome ( Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E.of Campbell and Cowa.ll, V.of Lochow and Glenyla, 
and Ld. of Inveraray, Mull, Morvern, and Tirie, 1701. Gi. 
Br. : Bn. Sundridge, 1766, and Bn. Hamilton of Hamel- 
don, 1776. U. X. : D. of Argyll, 1892.— Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, who was knighted in 1280 by 
Alexander III., was called by the Gaelic title Mac 
Galium M6r— i.e., Mac Galium the Great (his father 
was called Cailin M6r, and the two similar forms have 
been confused and led to sevtral variations). This chief 
was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
Colin's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
Bruces, and came to be created successively Lords 
Campbell and Earls of Argyll. The 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The 8th received the 
title of Marq. of A rgyll, but it died with him, he being 
executed, with the instrument termed " the Maiden, ''for 
having supported Cromwell. The 9th was sentenced to 
the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
the train 1 if bis step-daughter, hut was taken in an attempt 
to invade Scotland, and the previous sentence was then 
carried into effect. The icch Karl was created a Luke in 
the Peerage of Scotland, and the late 8th Duke nearly 
two centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom. The 
British title of En. Sundridge was awarded to the 5th 
Duke, and his wife was shortly afterwards made Bass. 
Hamilton of Hameldon in Leicestershire. 

* His Grace writes this county " Dumbarton." That 
form may be the original, but it is clearly gone out of 
use as we do not find it recognised in either the Census 
Returns, the Postal Guide, or Oliver and Boyd's Almanac, 
though Keith Johnston's Gazetteer gives " Dumbarton 
or Dunbarton." 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1845.) 

Lord Archibald C, heir pres. to Dukedom, a D.L. 
for Argyllsh., a senior partner in the dank of 
C'outts and Co., formerly Capt. 5th Vol. Batt. Arg. 
and Suthd. Highidrs. : b. 1846, mar. 1869 Janey 
Sevilla, dau. of the late Jas. H. Callander, Esq. 
(Lady Archibald C). Res., Ooombe Hill Farm, 
Kingston-on-Thames; 14 Hill St., Knightsbridge, 
S.W. (2nd heir, his son Niall Diarmaid, b. 1872.) 

Lady Edith, now De.hss. of Northumberland, b. 1349, 
mar. 1868 Earl Percy, now 7th Duke of N., q.v. 

Lord George Granville C, Lieut. R.N. retired, b. i3=io, 
mar. 1879 Sibyl Lascelles, dau. of the late Jas. B. 
Alexander, Esq. (La ly George C. ). Res., Inveraray 
Castle Argyllsh ; 2 Bryanston Sq., W. 

Lady Victoria C, b 1854 Res., The Lodge, Tiree, 
01 a 1 Argyllsh. 

Lady Evelyn, now laly E. Baitlie- Hamilton, b. 1855, 

mar. i036 James B.-H., Esq. (descendt. of Cth E. of 

Lady Frances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. 1358, mar. 

1873 Col. Eustace J. Anth. B., A.D.C. Res., 32 

Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Ladv Mary Emma, now Ladv M. Glyn, b. 1859, mar. 

i3&2 Rt. Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr (?., Bp. of 

Peterborough, q.v. 
Lady Constance Harriet, now Lady Const. Emmoft, 

b. 1S64, mar. 1891 Chas. K, Esq. Res., Thorpe Hall, 

Winston, Darlington. 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Colin 0. (Gertrude Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Edmd. M. Blood, Esq.), mar. 1881 the late Lord 
Colin 0. (b. 1853), but, obtd. judic. sep. 1884 (he died 
i!>95)- Res., 67 Carlisle Mansns., Victoria St., S.W. 

ARGYLL, Duke's Widow. Ina, Duchess 
of A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine. dau. of the 
late Archibald M'Neill, Esq., W.S-, of Colon- 
say), formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman 
and Sec. to Queen Victoria : mar. 1895, as 3rd 
wife, 8th D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.S., an 
eminent statesman, orator, and scientist (d. 1900). 
Ties., Macharioch, Campbeltown, Argyllsh. 

ARKLOW, Baron — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of" {U.K. i83i,Roy. Fam.). 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3rd Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Kenyon . 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mart Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON, Earl of (1572)— see "Grafton, D. 

ARMAGH, Archbishop of. His Grace the 
Most Rev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
LL.D., D.Litt., 110th Abp. of Armagh and Pri- 
mate of All Ireland, formerly Dean of Emly : b. 
April 13, 1824, widower, cons. Bp. of Deny and 
Raphoe 1867, transl. to Armagh 1806. Is the only 
surviving Irish Prelate who was consecrated prior 
to Disestablishment. Bes., The Palace, Armagh. 

*#* The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Clogher, Deny, Down, Kilmore, Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Earl of {by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1799), elder son and heir of H.R.H. Duke of Cum- 
berland (Boy. Family). 

ARMBRISTER, William Edward, C.M.G. 
(1907), Pres. Legist. Counc. and an M.E.C. 

ARMITAGE, Capt. Cecil Hamilton, D.S.O. 
(1901), late 3rd Batt. S. Wales Borderers (Mil.) ; 
Ashanti 1900, serving as Travelling Commissr. 
Gold Coast : b. i860. Bes., 76 Jermyu St., S.W. 

ARMITAGE, Rev. Robert, D.S.O. (1902), 
M.A., Chapl. to Forces (1st class) in S. Africa 
1899-1^02. prev. in Barbados, now at Cairo : b. 1857. 

ARMITSTEAD, Baron. George Armitstead, 
1st Bn. ( U.K.), a D.L. for Forfarsh. and Co. of 
City of Dundee, late a merchant in London and 
Dundee, twice an M.P. : son cf the late Geo. 
Armitstead, Esq., of Easin^wold and Riga; b. 
Feb. 23, 1824; cr. Bn. 1906 {L.)\ mar. 1848 
Jane Elizabeth, dau. of Edwd. Baxter, Esq. No 
heir or other issue. Bes., Butterstone House, 
Dunkeld, Ferthsh. ; 4 Cleveland Sq., St. James's, 

Creation. U.K.: Bn. Armitstead, 1906. 

ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry 
Armstrong FitzPatrick Watson-Armstrong , 1st 
Bn. of new creation ( U.K.), M.A., D.C.L., a D.L. 
and C.C. for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 1899), 
Maj. N'fhumb. Territ. Yeom., Dir. of Elswick 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. ARB 145 

Arsenal and late of N.E. Bail., a Commissr . of River 
Tyne : son of Jno. Wm. "Watson, Esq., of Adder- 
stone Hall, N'thumb., and gt. nephew of the late 
Bn. A. of former line ; b. May 3, 1863 ; cr. Baron 
1903 (C7.) ; assumed name of Armstrong by licence 
1889; mar. same year Winifreda Jane, dau. of 
the late Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B. Seats, 
Bamburgh Castle, Bamburgh S.O., and Cragside, 
Eothbury, both N'thumb. ; Jesmond Dene, New- 
castle-on-Tyne ; town res., 93 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 
Peerage of same title lasted 1887-1900). 

( Watson- Armstrong.) 

Hon. William John Montagu W.-A., heir to Bny., 

b. 1892. (No 2nd heir.) 
Hon. Winifreda Margaret W.-A., b. 1O94. 

ARMSTRONG, Baeoneto/ Gallen. Sir Andrew 
Habvey Armstrong, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1841), served 
in S. Africa 1900-1, formerly Capt. 3rd Batt. 
Leinst. Regt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. i855, sue. 
1899. Heir pres., his bro. Nesbitt "William (b. 
1875 ; 2nd heir, their 1st cousin Edmund Clarence 
Richard, b. 1879). Bes., Gallen Priory, Eerbane 
S.O., King's Co. 

ARMSTRONG, Babonet of London. Sir 
Geoege Elliot Armstrong, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1892), 
Lieut. R.N., part proprietor of the People, late 
editor of the Globe : son of 1st Bt., b. 1866, sue. 
1907, mar. 1890 Edith Annie, dau. of the late 
Adolphus Fass, Esq. Heir, his son George 
Caelyon (b. 1896 ; 2nd heir, Bfc.'s bro. Francis 
Philip, b. 1871). Res., 24 Hans Rd., S.W. 

ARMSTRONG, Babonet's Widow of London. 
Dowager Lady A. (Alice FitzRoy, dau. of the 
late Rev. Chas. J. Furlong), mar. 1865 Capt. 
Sir Geo. C. H. Armstrong, 1st Bt. (d. 1907). 

ARMSTRONG, Bishop— see " Wangaratta." 

ARMSTRONG, Knight. Sir Waltee Arm- 
strong, Kt.Bach. (i899),B.A.,Hon.R.H.Acad.,Dir. 
of Nat. Gall, of Ireland and is author of numerous 
works on art : b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily Rose, dau. 
of Chas. C. Ferard, Esq. Res., Ceanchor House, 
Howth S.O., Co. Dublin. 

ARMSTRONG, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Charlotte, dau. of the late S. Campbell Simpson, 
Esq., and widow of T. K. Tillotson, Esq., and of 
Adm. Sir W. King-Hall, K.C.B.), mar. 1894, 3rd 
husb., Sir Alex. Armstrong, K.C.B., F.R.S., who 
served in search for Sir J. Franklin and the dis- 
covery of the N.W. Passage (d. 1899). Res., The 
Elms, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough, Leic. 

(1900-1), Roy. Warwicks. Regt.; S.Africa 1899- 
1900 : b. 1865. 

ARMSTRONG, Col. Oliver Cableton, D.S.O. 
(1902), I.A., Burma 1888, and S. Africa 1899-1902, 
now an A.A.G. at Ind. Headqrs. : b. 1859. 

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, C.B. (Civ. 1898), late 
Dir. of Art Div. S. Kens. Mus. : b. 1832. Res., 
The Abbot's House, King's Langley S.O., Herts. 

ARMSTRONG (WATSON-), family name of 
Armstrong Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armytage, 6th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1738), F.S.A., a D.L. 
forW. Rid., High Sheriff of Yorks. 1907-8: son 
of 5th Bt., b, 1842, sue. 1899, mar., 1st, 1871 (wid. 
1890) ; 2ndly, 1893, Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 
late Henry A. Littledale, Esq. Heir, his son Capt. 
George Ayscough A. (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir, latter's 

son John Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, Kirklees Pk., 
Brighouse, Yorks. ; town res., 27 Cambridge Sq., 

ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), 
a Gentn. Usher to H.M. : b. 1853 (gt. grandson 01 
4th Bt.). Bes., 6 Buckingham Pal. Mansns., 

ARNOLD, Knights' Widows. (1) Lady A. 
(Amelia Elizabeth, dau. of the late Capt. H. B. 
Hyde), mar. 1867 Sir Arthur Arnold, formerly an 
M.P. and Chmn. L.C.C., first Editor of the Echo 
(d. 1902). Bes., Hyde Hill, Dartmouth, Devon; 
45 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W.— (2) Lady A. 
(Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese lady, mar. 1897, 
as 3rd wife, Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., a 
distinguished orientalist and poet, author of ' The 
Light of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904). Bes., 1 Wetherby 
Mansns., Earl's Ct. Sq., S.W.— (3) Lady .4. (Mary, 
widow of Jos. Collins, Esq., of Halifax), mar.; 
1901, as 2nd wife, Sir Alfred Arnold, late an 
M.P. (d. 1908). Bes., Woodroyde, Halifax. 

ARNOLD, Col. Alfred James, D.S.O. (1897), 
Niger-Soudan Campaign 1897, S. Africa 1900, 
ret. 1907, now serving with the Portug. Mozam- 
bique Co. : b. 1866. Bes., Beira, Mozambique. 

ARNOLD, Lady Charlotte Georgiana, dau. 
of 3rd M. of Cholmondeley. 

ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 
Amott, 2ndBt. {U.K. 1896), a, D.L. for Co. Cork, 
late Mai. and Hon. Lt.-Colf 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1898, 
mar. 1881 Caroline Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk. M. 
Williams, 2nd Bt. of Tregullow. Heir, his son 
John (b. 1885; 2nd heir, next son, Lauriston 
John, b. 1S91). Bes., 12 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

Widow. Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the 
late Rev. Edwd. L. Fitzgerald), mar. 1S72, as 
2nd wife, Sir Jno. Arnott, 1st Bt. (d. 1898, 
assumed 1902 the additl. name Fitzgerald) . Bes., 
Woodlands, Cork; Castlemartyr S.O., Co. Cork; 
Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. Dublin. 

ARNOULD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Anne Pitcaim, dau. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 
Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Jos. 
Arnould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 

ARRAN (pron. Am), Earl of. Arthur 
Jocelyn Charles Gore, 6th Earl {Trel.) and a Bt., 
sits as Bn. Sudley {U.K.) ; late Lt.-Col. comdg. 
15th Batt. Co. of London Regt. (Spec. Res.), prev. 
Maj . Roy. Horse Gds., served inEgyptn. Cav. 1896-7 
and in S. Africa 1900 : son of 5th E. ; b. Sept. 14,; 
1868; sue. 1901 '{L.U.) ; mar. 1902 Mathilde 
Jacqueline Marie Beauclerk, dau. of Bn. HuysseH 
van Kattndyke, of the Hague. Seats, Castle Gore, 
Ballina, Co. Mayo; Hyde Hall, Sawbridgworth 
S.O., Herts, {leased from Cfcss. of Roden).— See 
below for the Scottish Earldom of Arran, this 
title being taken from the islets of Arran, Co. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn- 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U.K. : Bn. Sudley, i83a. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to the Peerage, obtaining both 
Irish creations. The latesth Earl was given the U.K. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present {6th) E. : 

Viscount Sudlev, heir to Earldom: Arthur Paul 
John Charles James (?., b. 1903. (2nd heir— to Irish 
titles, not U.K. Bny.— Sir Francis Charles (?., q.v., 
son of the late Hon. Charles G., b. 1846.) 


146 ARB Directory of Peerage, 


Issue of 5th E. (sists. ana half-sist. of present) : 


Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Cts9. of Airlie 
(4. v., Widow), b. 1866, mar. 1S86 8th Earl of A. (d. 

Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, b. 1867, 
mar. 1887 Vise. Cranborne, now 4th Marq. of S., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1868.) 

Lady Esther Caroline Georgiana, now Lady E. Smith, 
b. 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. Wm. F. Danvers S., M.P., 
heir to Hambleden Viscounty, q.v. 


Lady Winifred Helena Lettice G. (" Lady Betsy G"), 
b. 1891. 

Surviving issue of 4th E. (aunts of present) : 
(The late 5th Earl, b. 1839, d. 1901.) 
Lady Caroline Annesley, now The Lady Ruthven, b. 

1848, mar. 1869 8th Bn. It., q.v. 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta G., b. 1855. 
Lady Mary Napier, now Lady M. Ewart, b. 1858, mar. 

1889 Herbt. Brisbane E., Esq. Res., 8 West Eaton 

PL, S.W. 

ARRAN, Earl's Widow. Winifred, Countess 
op A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
Keilly, Esq., and widow of Hon. Jno. M. Stopford, 
son of 4th E. of Courtown), formerly a Lady in 
Waiting to H.R.H. Prss. Christian: mar. 1889, 
as 2nd wife, 5th E. of Arran, K.P. (d. 1901). 
Res., Queen Anne's Mead, Windsor. 

ARRAN, Earl of (Scot. 1643)— see " Hamilton, 
D. of." 

ARROL, Knight. Sir William Arrol, Kt. 
Each. (1890), LL.D., F.E.S.E., late an M.P. 
{L.U.), a D.L. for Co. of City of Glasgow, 
head of the Dalmarnoek Ironworks Co., contrac- 
tors for the Tay and Eorth Bridges (served ap- 
prenticeship as a blacksmith) : b. 1839, mar. 1905, 
2nd wife, his cousin Mis^ Hodgart. Ties., Dennis- 
toun, Glasgow; Seafield, Ayr; 32 Victoria St., 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Carlunq. Sir Matthew 
Arthur, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), a D.L. for Ayrsh. 
and for Co. of City of Glasgow, a Dir. of Glasg. 
and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.U. Assoc., 
also of Westn. Infirm. , Glasgow ; a memb. of Roy. 
Co. of Archers : son of the late Jas. Arthur, Esq., 
b. 185?, mar. 1879 Janet Stevenson Bennett, dau. 
of the late Alex. B. M'Grigor, Esq., LL.D. Heir, 
his son James Cecil (b. 1883 ; no 2nd heir). Seat, 
Carlung, West Kilbride S.O., Ayrsh.; res, Ful- 
larton, Troon, same Co. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Upper Canada. Sir 
George Compton Archibald Arthur, 3rd Bt., 
{U.K. 1841), Hon. Capt. in the Army, formerly 
Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., served in Egyptian and 
Nile Campaigns and in S. Africa 1900-1 : son of 
2ndBt., b. i860, sue. 1878, mar. 1898, as 2nd husb., 
Kate Harriet, dau. of the late Horatio Brandon, 
Esq., and widow of Arthur R. Yates, Esq. Heir 
pres., his 1st cous. once rem. Edward Malcolm 
A. (b. 1874; 2nd heir, latter's bro. George 
Frederick Neale A., b. 1878). Res., 38 Brompton 
Sq., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur, Kt. 
Bach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sheriff of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Address, c/o Messrs. Ewing and Co., Cal- 

ARTHUR, Hon. Mrs. John, sist. of 2nd Bn. 
Monteagle of Brandon. 

ARUNDEL, Knight. Sir Arundel Tagg 
Arundel, K. C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865, late M.L.C. and Ch. Sec. to Govt, of Madras, 
ha3 been a Dist. and Sessions Judge, Collector, 
&c, late a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, ret. 1006: 

b. 1843, mar. 1875 Catherine Helen, dau. of the 
late J. D. Sim, Esq., C.S.I, lies., Uplands, 
Mabury Hill, Woking. 

ARUNDEL and SURREY, Earl of (by 
courtesy — titles, Arundel Eng. 1155 and 1433, 
Surrey 1483), heir to the Norfolk Dukedom. 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell of 
Wardour Barony, q.v. for Hons. Cecily and 
Gertrude, but for Hon. Geo. V. A. Monckton- 
Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V." 

ARUNDELL, Count {Holy Rom. Emp., abt. 
1 595)— see "Arundell of Wardour" and "Clif- 
ford of Chudleigh," the title passing to both 
male and female descendts. 

ARUNDELL (MONCKTON-), family name 
(in part) of the Galway Viscounty, more usually 
"Monckton " — see "Arundell" above. 

Edgar Clifford A rundell (pron. Arr'undel), 14th 
Bn. {Eng.), a Count of the Holy Roman Emp. 
(*595) : son of the late Theod. Arundell, Esq., 
and 2nd cou. once rem. of the late Bn. ; b. 
Dec. 20, 1859; sue. 1907(C); mar. 1896 Ellen, 
widow of J. Melbourne Evans, Esq. Res., Canning- 
ton, Bridgwater. 

Creation. Bn. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. 1605.— Sir 
Thos. Arundell obtained his German title for services in 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the 
standard of the Turks with his own hand ; on his return 
home he was created 1st Bn. Arundell. The 3rd Bn. 
suffered five years' imprisonment from the false accusa- 
tion of Titus Oates, but on his liberation he was 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of nth Bn. (2nd cous. once rem. 
of present) : 


The late 12th Baron, b. 1831, d. igc5. 
The late 13th Baron, b. 1334, d. 1907.) 


Hon. Cecily Mary ^4., a nun, b. 1845. 
Hon. Gertrude Mary A., b. 1848. 
Heir pres. to Barony (bro. of present Peer) : 
Gerald Arthur A., Esq., b. 1861. (No 2nd heir.) 

Widow. Anne, Lady A. of W. (Anne Lucy, dau . 
of Jno. Errington, Esq.), mar. 1862 12th Bn. 
Arundell of W. (d. 1906). Res.. Wardour Castle, 
Tisbury S.O., Wilts. 

ASCROFT, Knight. Sir William Ascroft, Kt. 
Bach. (1908), a leading educationist of Lanes, 
and Cumbd. Res., Overleigh House, Preston. 

ASH (BERESFORD-), Lady Florence 
Marion, dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 

ASHBOURNE, Baron. Edward Gibson, 1st 
Bn. {U.K.), P.C. {Ird. 1877, Gt. Br. 1885), 
M.A., LL.D., late Lord Chancellor of Ireland 
(3rd time, with a seat in the Cabinet), formerly 
an M.P. and Attomey-Gen. for Irel., appd. Q..C. 
1872 : son of the late Wm. Gibson, Esq., of 
Dublin and Gaulstown; b. Sept. 4, 1837; cr. Bn. 
1885 (ft); mar. 1868 Frances Maria Adelaide, 
dau. of the late Hy. C. Colles, Esq. Res., 5, 
Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 

Creation. En. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. 


Hon. William (?., heir to Barony, M.A. : b. 1868, 
mar. 1896 Marianne, dau. of M. de Monbrison, of 
Paris (Hon. Mrs. Gibson). Res., Moorhurst, Holm- 
wood, Dorking. 

The late Hon. Henry B'Olier Grant G., b. 1870, 
d. 1905. 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-Poxvlett, 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



b. 1871, mar. 1893 Hon. Wm. G. Algar O.-P., son 
and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 

Hon. Edward Graves Mayne (?.» 2nd heir, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, late Lieut, sth Batt. Leinst. Regt, 
(Mil.) : b. 1873, mar. 1900 Mary Philips, dau. of the 
late Hy. R. Greg, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Edward G. ). Res. , 
Clonlea, Sandyford, Dublin ; Cliff, Lee S.O., Devon. 

Hon. (Ernest) Victor (?;, barrister-at-law, late Lieut. 
Imper. Yeom., served in S. Africa 1900 and 1902 : b. 
1375, widower. Club, Bachelors'. 

Hon. Violet Albina G., b. 1876. 

Hon. Prances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Porter, b. 1880, mar. 1904 Alex. Horsbrugh P., Esq., 
son of Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. Res., 
Priorsland, Carrickmines, Dublin. 
Hon. Constance Anna (?., b. 1881. 
ASHBROOK, Viscount. Robert Thomas 
Flower, 8th "Vise. {Irel.), formerly Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. Militia : son of 5th V. 
and bro. of 6th and 7th; b. April 1, 1836; sue. 
1906 ; mar. 1866 Gertrude Sophia, dau of the late 
Rev. Sewell Hamilton. Seat, Castle Durrow, 
Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. ; res., Knockatrina 
House, Durrow, Abbeyleix, Queen's Co. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. of Castle Durrow, 1733 ; Vise. 
Ashbrook, 1751.— The 1st Bn. was M.P. for Co. Kilkenny ; 
his successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (8th) V. : 

Hon. Prances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Ernest White, 

b. 1868, mar. 1893 Harry Ern. W., Esq. 
Hon. Llowarch Robert P., heir to Barony, b. i3 7 o, 
mar. 1899 Gladys, dau. of Gen. Sir Geo. W. A. 
Higginson, K.O.B. (Hon. Mrs. Flower). 
Hon Reginald Henry F., 2nd heir, b. 1871. 
Hon. Eva Constance Gertrude F., b. 1874. 
Hon. Gertrude P., b. 1880. 
Surviving dau. of $th V. (sist. of present) : 
(The late 6th Viscount, b. 1829, d. childless 1882.) 
(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1830, d. igo6,nosurv. issue.) 
(Present Viscount, b. 1836.) 

Hon. Caroline Gertrude, now Hon. Mrs. George 
Marton, b. 1847, mar. 1866 the late Geo. B. Heneage 
M., Esq. (d. 1905), bro. of the Lady Ashbrook. 
Res., Capernwray Hall, Burton, Kirkby Lonsdale, 

ASHBURNER, Capt. Lionel Forbes, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, iqo6),D.S.O. (1900-1), Roy. Fus. ; S. 
Africa 1900, was Hon. A.D.C. to the Prince of 
Wales during Ind. tour 1905-6 : b. 1874. 

A S HB URN HAM, family name of f ollg. 
Earldom . 

ASHBURNHAM, Baronet — see "Clement 
( Ashburnham-) " . 

ASHBURNHAM, Earl of. Bertram Ash- 
burnham, 5th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for Breck- 
nocksh.: son of 4th E. ; b. Oct. 28, 1840; sue. 
1878 (L.) ; mar. 1888 the late Emily (d. 1900), 
dau. of the late R. Chaplin, Esq. Seats, Ashburn- 
ham PI., Battle S.O., Sussex ; Barking Hall, 
Needham Mkt. S.O., Suffk.; Pembrey, Burry 
Port S.O., Carmarths. 

Creations. Bn. Ashburnham, Eng. i63g ; E. of Ash- 
burnham and Vise. St. Asapb, Gt. Br. 1730.— King 
William III. created this Peerage. The 1st Bn.'s grand- 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell 
for aiding King Charles's escape from Hampton Court in 
1647 ; it would however be wrong to conclude that this 
had anything to do with the promotion, as William was 
not likely to show such regard for the Stuarts. The 3rd 
Bn., who had been Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales, obtained the higher titles. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ present (5th) E. : 

Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte A., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of a,th E. (bros. and sists. of 

present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1840.) 
Hon. J obk A., heir pres. to Earldom, formerly Acting 

Cons.-Gen. in Bulgaria : b. 1845, mar. 1907 Maud 

Mary, dau. of the late Chas. Royal-Dawson, Esq. 

(Hon. Mrs. John A.). Club, St. James's. 
Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 

mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., Esq., son of late Bp. of 

Ripon. Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 
Hon. Thomas A., 2nd heir, late Capt. 7th Hussars, 

served in Egypt 1882, and has been Extra A.D.C. 

to two Viceroys of Ireland : b. 1855, mar. 1903 Maria 

Elizabeth, dau. of W. H. Anderson, Esq., of 

Fredericton, N. Brunswick (Hon. Mrs. Thomas .4.). 

Res., Fredericton. 
Lady Mary, now Lady M. Holland, b. 1859, mar. 1883 

Hon. Sydney Geo. //., son and heir of 1st Vise. 

Knutsford, q.v. 
Hon. George A., formerly Lieut. Suffolk Yeomanry. 

b. 1863. Club, Wellington. 

ASHBURNHAM, Knight. Sir Cromer Ash- 
burnham, K.C.B. (Mil. 1882), Maj .-Gen. retd. 
(1886), served in Mutiny, Afghanistan, 8. Africa 
1881, Egypt, &c, has been Gov. of Suakin and 
A.A. & Q.M.G. of S.E. Dist., was an A.D.C. to the 
late Queen, now Col. Comdt. King's Roy. Rif. 
Corps : b. 1831 (uncle of Sir Anchitel P. Ash- 
bumham-Clement, 9th Bt.), mar. 1864 Urith 
Amelia, dau. of the late Capt. Geo. B. Martin, 
C.B., R.N. Res., The Vicarage, St. Mary's Piatt, 
Borough Grn. S.O., Kent. 

ASHBURTON, Baron. Francis Denzil 
Edward Baring, 5th Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for 
Hants, and Maj. Hants. Yeom. Regt.: son of 4th 
Bn. ; b. July 20, 1866; sue. 1889 (C) ; mar., 1st., 
same year, the late Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (d. 
1904), dau. of 4th Vise. Hood; 2ndly, 1906, 
Frances, dau. of Mr. J. C. Donnelly, of New 
York. Seat, The Grange, Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K. 1835.— The 1st Bn. 
who was President of the Board of Trade and Master of 
the Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt., and 
was uncle of the 1st Bn. Northbrook and of the present 
Earl of Cromer and ist Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 
Barony, extinct in 1823, was held by the family of 
Danning, to whom that of Baring became united by 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present [$th) Bn.: 

Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel B., b. 1890. 
Hon. Aurea Vera B., b. 1891. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 
Barony, b. 1893. (2nd heir, his uncle Hon. 

Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1866.) 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Haits. Yeom., 
b. 1867, mar. 1890 Laura Louise, dau of Fredk. 
Hobson, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). Res., 
Candover House, Alresford, Hants. 

Hon. Alexander Henry B., b. 1369. .Res., with Bn. 

Hon. Guy Victor M.P. for Winchester (ft), Capt. 
Coldstrm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 
1873, mar. 1903 Olive Alethea, dau. of Hugh Colin 
Smith, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Guy B.). Res., St. Cross 
Mill, Winchester ; 16 Cadogan Sq.. S.W. 

Hon. Lilian Theresa Claire, now Hon. Mrs. Fredk. 
Adam, b. 1874, mar. igo6 the late Lt.-Col. Fredk. 
Loch A., M.V.O. (d. 1907). 

Hon, Caryl Digby B., late Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1903 : b. 1880, mar. 1907 Ivy, 
dau. of H. B. Firman, Esq. (Hon, Mrs. Caryl B.). 

Dau. of 3rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 
(The late 4th Baron, b. 1833, d. 1889.) 
Hon. Marie Louisa Anne, now Dchss. of Grafton, b. 

1833, mar. 1858 the late 6th Duke of G., see "Grafton, 

Duke's Wid* 

ASHBURTON, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., nie Hon. Leonora Caroline Digby, dau. 
of 9th Bn. Digby, b. 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 

M 2 

i 4 8 ASH 

Directory of Peerage, 


Askburton (d. 1889). 7?es., Melchet Ct., Borasey, 
Hants. : 16 Cadogan Sq., S."W. 

A8HBY, Knight. Sir James William Murray 
Aahbjft K.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; C.B. Civ. i857)j Pay- 
master-in-Ch. B.N\ (retd. ), served in Baltic and 
Black Seas, and in China, also on yariptis home 
and foreign stations : b. 1S22, mar. 1873 Catherine 
Magenis, dau. of the late F. B. Maxwell, Esa. 
Res., Little Park, Ninfleld, Battle S.O., Sussex. 

ASHBY, Col. George Ashby (name doubled), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late Comdt. Discharge Depot, 
Gosport; Egypt, Nile, ana S. Africa 1859-1902 : 
b. 1855. Bes., 

ASHCOMBE, Baron. Georoh Cuintt, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1880), M.A., a D.L. for 
Surrev and Middx., a Co. Aid. for Surrey, 
and Hon. Col. 5th Batt. Boy. V/. Surrey Begt. ; 
an M.P. 1860-92 ; ilate Chmn. House of Lay- 
men of Canterb. Prov., has been 2nd Church 
Estates Commissr. and on various Boy. Commssns. : 
son of the lato Thos. Cubitt. Esq.; b./une 4, 1828 ; 
cr. Bn. 1892 (O.) ; mar. 1853 the lat9 -Laura (d. 
1904), dau. of the late Bev. J as. J oyce. Seat, Falia- 
pit, Blackawton S.O., Devon; town res., 17 
Prince's Gt., S.Vv*. 

Creation. Bn. Aaheornbe, U.K. 1892. 


The deceased Geoffrey George C'., b. 1854, d. 
Hon. Helen Laura C, b. 1355. Res., Lyncourt, Tor- 

Eon. Mary Aqaes, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester, 
b. 1857, mar. 1284 Rev. Bdwd. Arthur Ch. Res., 
The Vicarage, Dorking. 

The deceased Thomad Edmund Wilfred C, b. 1359, d. 

Hon. Adelaide Laura, now Hon. Mrs. Eiehd. Fuller- 
Maiiland, b. 1S61, mar. 1891 Eichd. Anth. F.-M., 
Esq. Res., 38 Hans PL, Sloane St., S. W. 

Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George Tallents, 
b. 1G63, mar. 1883 Geo. Wm. T., Esq. Res., 49 
Warwick Sq., SAY. 

Tiie deceased Mabel Georgina C, b. 1S64, d. i85$. 

Hon. HenhyC, M.A., heir to Barony, late an M.P. 
(0.), is Lord-Lieut, of Surrey and Lt.-Col. corndg. 
and Hon. Col. Surrey Yeom. Regt. : b. 1867, mar. 
1890 Maud Mariamne, dau. of the late Col. Archib. 
M. Calvert (Hon. Mrs. Vahilt). Res., Denbies, Dor- 
king ; 17 Prince's Gt., SAV. (end heir, his son 
Henry Archibald, b. 1893.) 

Eon. Beatrice Hay ward, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
vert, b. i803, mar. 1091 \Vn\. Archib. C, Esq. Res., 
Brooinells, Cauei, Dorking. 

ASHE, Rear-Adm. Edward Percy, M.Y.O. 
(4th Class 1905), B.N., retd. (1907) ; Egypt 1882 : 
b. 1S32. 

ASHFOBD, Baron (Eng. 1697)— see "Albe- 
marle, E. of." 

ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPER, but the 
second name appears to be practically dropped), 
family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies" and "Hons.," also below. 

ASHLEY, Lord (by courtesy— -title, Baron A. 
Eng. 1661), son and heir of the Earl of Shaftes- 

ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen. 

ASHMAN, Baronet. Sir Herbert Ashman, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1907; Kt. Bach. 1899), Lord Mayor 
of Bristol 1900 (first of the title, was Mayor 1809), 
Past Pres. of Anchor (Colston) Soc, knighted on 
occasion of the late Queen's visit at opening of the 
Jubilee Conval. Hosp. : son of Thos. N. Ashman, 
Esq., b. 1854, mar. 1874 Lizzie, dau. of -Fredk. 
G. Lcrenzen, Esq. Sole heir, his son Frederick 
Herbert (b. 1875'). lies., Cook's Folly, Stoke 
Bishop. Bristol. 

ASHMOBE, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Dorothy Emily Augusta, dau. of the late Chas. 

3. K. Shaw, Esq.) , mar. 1897 Sir Alex. Murray 
Ashmdre, K.C.M.G., Lt.-Ccv. and Colon. See. Cey- 
lon (d. igo5). lies., The Temple Trees, Colombo. 

ASHTON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. (U.K.), a manufacturer, a D.L. for Lanc3., was 
High Sheriff 1885, M.P. 1886-95: son of the late 
Jas. "Williamson, Esq., of Parkfield; b. Dec. 31, 
1842 : or. Bn. 1S95 (L.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late 
Margaret (d. 1877), dau. of the late Jos. Gatey, 
Esq."; 2ndly, 1880, the late Jessy Henrietta (d.igc4), 
dau. of the late Jas. Stewart, Esq., of Clapham, 
Yorks. Hair, none. Seats, Byelands, and Ashton 
Hall, both nr. .Lancaster j town res., Alford 
House, Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. En. Ashton, U.K. 1893. 

Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now Hon. Mrs. Peel, b. 1872, 
mar. 1839 Hon. Wm. it. Wellesley P., heir to Peel 
Viscty., q.v. 
The late Hon. Maud }V., b. 1876, d. 1306. 

ASHTOWN, Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (Ttel.), a Bepres. Peer of Held. (el. 
1908), a D.L. for Co. Galway: grandson of 
and Bn. and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, 
who died without succeeding ; b. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 
sue. 1880 (C.)\ mar. 1894 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. 
Robt. A. G. Cosby. Seats, Gienahira .bodge, Co. 
"Waterfcrd, nr. Clonmel; Yfoodlawn S.O., Co. 

Creation. Bn. AshfcrwD, Trel. x3oo.— The 1st Peer was 
M.P. for Portariington. The present Lord Ashtown 
was in ic*>3 elected a llepresentatire Peer, but. as he ob- 
tained an equal number of votes with Lord Farnharn, 
the doeision was made by the process of drawing lots by 
the Clerk of the Parliaments. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (3rd) Bn.: 

Hon. Frederic Sydney S^heii to Barony, b. 1O94. 

Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 1896. 

Hon. ltobert Power T., and heir, b. 1297. 

J ton. Arthur Cosby T.. b. 1890. 

Hon. Dudley Oliver 2'., b. igoi. 

Bro. and gists, of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bus.' children 1889): 
(Present Baron, b. i3C3.) 

Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Limerick 

1855, b. iStio, mar. 1893 Frances Elizabeth, dau. 

of Walter T. N. Shawe-Taylor, Esa. (Hon. Mrs. 

William T.). Res., Clonodfoy Castle, Kiifinane, 

Kibnalloek, Co. Limerick. 
Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smyths, 

b. 1871, mar. 1303 Capt. Alan Theodore S. Res., 

Miiford Lodge, Craven Anns S.O., Salop, 
lion. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. Gre.n- Wilkinson, b. 

1873, mar. 1904 Maj. Lewis Fredc. G.-W. 
— S 1st. -in-law : 

Hon, Mrs. Sydney T. (Elinor Mary, dau. of Dr. J. C. 

Cox, of N.S.W.), mar, iocs, end hush., the late Hon. 

Sydney T. (d. same year). Res., Tidmington, 

Shipston-on-Stonr S.O., Wore. 

Son of 2nd Bn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphin T., formerly Capt. ist Drsjns. 
and Mai. King's Co. Militia, High Sheriff of Tip- 
perary iS83, is a D.L. for same : b. 1844, mar. 1873 
Maria, dau. of Sir Biehd. Mussrave," 4th Bt. of 
Touriu (Hon. Mis. Cosby?.). Res., Sop well Hall, 
Cioughjol'dan S.O., Co. Tipperary. 

— Dau.-in-law (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne ?'. (nee Le-Poer-Trench), dau. of 3rd E. of 
Clancarty, b. 1S39, mar. 1867 the late Hon. Fredk. 
Sydney Chas. 2'., father of present Bn. (d. 1879). 

ASLAM KHAN, Col. Nawab Sir Muhammad, 
K.C.I.E. (1908), Sardar Bahadur, 5th Bengal 
Cav. retd., Hon. A.D.C. to H.M. 

AS PEST ALL, Lt.-Col. BobertLowndes,D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Maj. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 3rd Batt. Yorks. 
Begt. (Spec. Bes.) ; S. Africa 1899-1902 as 


A-D.C. : b. i85g. lies., 37 Greycoat Gdns., 
Westmr., S.W. 

ASQUITH, Peit. Counc. Rt. Hon. Hekbekt 
Henry Asauith, P.O. {Gt. Br. 1892), K.C. (1890), 
B.A., LL.D.,D.C.L., M.P.for E. Fife (L.), appd. 
igoS Prime Min. and First Lord of the Treasy. 
(prev. Cliane. of Exchequer), an Eccles. Com- 
missi'., formerly See. of State for Home Dept., 
el. 1905 Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ. and igo3 
of that of Aberdeen: b. 1852, mar. 1894, and 
wife. Res., 20 Cavendish Sq., Yf . ; Treasury, 
Whitehall, S.W. 

ASSER, Capfc. Verney, D.S.O. (1902), E.A., 
S. Africa 1896-8 and 1900-2 : b. 1873. 

ASTELL, Capt. Somerset Charles Godfrey 
Fairfax, D.S.O. (1900-1), N. Staffs. Regt. retd. ; 
Dongola 1896,8. Africa 1899-1901 : b. i855. lies., 
West Lodge, Piddlehinton, Dorchester. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." For Astley-Corbdt, see " Cor- 
bett " (la.te Astley Baronetcy). 

ASTON", Col. George Grey, C.B. (Mil. 1902), 
E.M.A., Soudan 1884, and S. Africa 1893-1900 ; 
former! v a Professor at the Eoy. Nav. College, 
and a D.A.A.G. Staff Coll., now on Gen. Staff 
S. Africa as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. i36i. 

ASTON, William George, C.M.G. (188c), 
M.A., D.Lifct., formerly Cons.-Gen. for Corca, 
2nd Sec. to Legat. at Tokio, Student Inter- 
preter, &c, a writer on Japanese literature: b. 
1S41 . Fes., The Bluff, Beer S.O., Devon. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, I.S.O. (1902), Librar. 
in Colon. Office : b. 1850. Res., 25 Dennington 
Ph. Ed., W. Eamostead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, '3rd Bishop of— not yet ap- 
pointed (Bp. Assist, of Toronto acting). Res., 
Athabasca Landing, Alta, N.W.T., Canada. 

ATHEELEY, Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, 
dau. of 17th E. of Suffolk. 

ATHERTON, Col. Thomas James, C.B. (Mil. 
1900-1), B. A., late comdg. 12th Lancers ; S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1856. Res., The Bridge House, 
Cookham S.O., Berks. 

ATHLUMNEY {pron. Ath'lumny), Baron. 
James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 
ville, 2nd Bn. (Irel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 
Meredyth (U.K.); a Page of Honour to three 
Irish Viceroys and late A.D.C., has been Capt. 
and Hon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut. 
Coldstrm. Gds., served in Egypt and Dongola, and 
in S. Africa 1900 : son of 1st En. ; b. March 23, 
1865; sue. 1873 (G.) ; unmrrd. Heir, none to 
Peerage ; to Baronetcy a remote cousin, William 
Dennistoun S. (b. 1842, gt.-gt. grandson of 1st 
Bt. ; 2nd heir, 1st heir's bro., Henry Belling- 
ham, b. 1848). Seat, Somerville, Navan, Co. 
Meath ; town res., 3 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1743 ; Bn. Athlumney, 1863. 
U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, 1S66.— The Bt. Hon. Sir William 
Meredyth Somerville, 5th Bt., M.P. for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Iinper. Peerages. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue cf 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Anne Blanche S., b. 1S61. Res., Broom- 
ham Farm, Battle S.O., Sussex. 
Hon. Ceorgiana Alice Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 
Tottenham, b. 1862, mar. 1888 Chas. G. Loftua T., 
Esq. Res., Tudcnham Pk., Mullingar, Co. West- 
(Present Baron, b. 1G65.) 

Horj. Cecilia Louisa S., b. 1B6S. i?5S., with Hon. Mary. 

Hon. Florence Emily Prances, now Hon. Mrs, 
William Starmer, b. 1869, m. r: ,r. zgoi W rn. W ooding 
S., Esq., Assoc. R.A.M. Ees., 20 Warwick Pk., 
Tunb. Wells. 

ATX 149 

ATHOLL, Duke of. John James Hugh 
Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke (Scot.), sits 
as Earl Strange ( Gt. Br.) ; K.T. (1868) , Lord Lieut, 
and Hered. Sheriff of Perthsh., Hon. Col. 3rd 
Batt. Black Watch (Mil.), formerly Capt. Scots 
Gds. : son of 6th D. ; b. Aug. 6, 1840 ; sue. 1864 
(C.), and in 1865 inherited the Percy Barony; 
restored 1893 the orig. spelling of his title 
("Atholl" instead of "Athole"); mar. 1863 
the late Louisa, dau. of Sir Thos. Moncreiffe, 7th 
Bt. (she died 1902). Seats, Blair Castle (Blair- 
Atholl) and Dunkeld House (Dunkeld), both 
Perthsh. ; town res., 84 Eaton PL, S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of Tullibardine, 1604 : 
E. of Tullibardine, 1006 and 1676 ; E. of Atholl, 1457 and 
163a ; M. of Atholl, Vise, of Balquhidder, and Ld. Murray, 
Bafvenie, and Cask, 1676 (Baronies renewed 1703) ; 1). of 
Atholl, M. of Tullibardine, E. of btrathtay and 
Strathardle, Vise, of Balquhidder, Glenalmond, and 
Glcnlyon, 1703. Eng. : Bn. Strange, 1628 by writ. 
Gt. Br. : Earl Strange and En. Murray of Stanley, 
1786 ; also (inherited through a gt. uncle, the 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
D., whose own son became 5th D.). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of Tullibardine. His 
grandson the 3rd Earl of T. obtained in 1629 a re-grant of 
the Earldom of Atholl, Avhich had become extinct. The 
2nd Earl of A. was created Marquess, and the 3rd 
obtained the Dukedom. The 2nd I)uke succeeded to the 
Barony of Strange in the English Peerage (by writ), 
which had originally been conferred upon his maternal 
ancestor the 7th Earl of Eerby ; the 4th obtained the 
Earldom. The name of Stewart was brought into the 
family by marriage in the 14th century ; but we can find 
no record as to when or by whom it was formally pre- 
fixed to the patronymic. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (jlh) D. (himself sole issue of 6th) : 

Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Rugglcs-Rrise, 
b.iS66,mar. i8o5Lt.-Col. Harold Goodeveii.-£. Res., 
19 Hanover Terr., Beg. Pk., N.W. 

Lady Helen S.-M., b. 1867. 

Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. i863. 

The deceased John, M. of Tullibardine, b. & d. 1869. 

Marq. of Tullibardine (pron. Tullibardeen'), heir 
to Dukedom: John George S.-M., M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1902), D.S.O. (189S), a D.L. for Perthsh., Maj. 
Roy._ Horse Gds., served with Nile Expedn. 1898, 
and in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly in corad. of 1st 
Scott. Horse, which Regt. he raised and of which 
he is Lt.-Col. in comd. : b. 1871, mar. 1899 Katha- 
rine Marjory, dau. of Sir Jas. H. Rarnsay, 10th 
Bt. of Bamff. Club, Turf. 

Lord George S.-M., 2nd heir, Capt. Black Watch, 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

Lord James Thomas S.-M., Lieut. Cameron Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1879. 

ATKINSON, family name of follg. Buy., 
q.v. for " Hons.," and see also below. 

ATKINSON, Baron. John Atkinson, Life 
Peer, P.C. (Irel. 1892 ; Gt. Br. 1905), LL.D., a 
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, has been twice 
Attorn.-Gen. for Ireld., M.P. 1895-1905, cr. Q.C. 
1S80 : son of the late Edwd. Atkinson, Esq., M.D. ; 
b. Dec. 13, 1844; cr. a Life Baron 1905 (C.); mar. 
1873 Rowena, dau. of the late Riohd. Chute, Esq., 
M.D. Res.. 68 Fitzwilliam Sq., Dublin ; 39 Hyde 
Pk. Gt., S.W. 



Thelaie Hon. Edward Chute A., b. 1874, d. iqo&\ 
Hon. Cecil Thomas A., b. 1876, mar. 1903 Florence, 

dau. of Godfrey L. Taylor, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. 

Atkinson). Rss. , Drummany, Grey stones, Co. Wick= 

low ; 26 Herbert PL, Dublin. 
Hon. Hector John A-, Lieut. 1st Batt. Roy. Ir. Fus.. 

b. 1870. 

Hon. Hubert Rowan A., Lieut. 1st Batt. Connaught 
Rangers, b. 1882, mar. 1907 Mabel Coralie, dau. of 
the late Geo. G. Tyrrell, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Hubert 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

150 ATK Directory 

of Peerage, 


ATKINSON, Col. Francis Garnett, C.B. 
(Mil. 1908), Comdr. of a Brigade LA. as Brig.- 
Gen. ; Egypt 1882, Mohmand 1897 ; b. 1857. 

ATKINSON, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. of 6th 
Vise. Chetwynd. 

ATKINSON, John Nathaniel, C.S.I. (1908), 
Acting First Memb. of Madras Bd. of Kev. and 
an Addit. Memb. of Counc. of Gov. of Fort St. 

ATTHILL, Capt. AnthonyWilliamMaunsell, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1907), Res. of Offrs. ; S. Africa 
1899-1902, is Chmn. of Boy. Norf. Veterans' 
Assoc.: b. 1863. Res., 62 Clarendon Bd., Norwich. 

AUBIGNY, Due d' {France 1684)— see "Rich- 
mond and G., D. of." 

AUCHTERHOUSE, Baron {Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Baron. William Morton Eden, 
5th Bn. {Gt. Br. and Irel.), formerly Capt. 
in Dorset Regt. and Yorks. Mil. : son of 4th Bn. ; 
b. March 27, 1859 ; sue. 1890 (C.) ; mar. 1891 Sibyl 
Constance, dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hut- 
ton, C.B. Res., 7 Launceston PL, Kens., W. 

Creations. Bn. Auckland, Irel. 1789, Gt. Br. 1793.— 
The 1st Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 
to France. His successor was promoted (1839) to be 
Earl of Auckland, but the title lapsed at his death in 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (5th) Bn. : 

Hon. William Alfred Morton E., heir to Barony, 
b. 1802. 

Hon. Frederick Colvin George E., 2nd heir, b. 1895. 
Surviving issue of 4th Bn. (bro., sists., and half- 
bros. of present) : 
By ist mrrge. 
(Present Baron, b. 1859 ) 

Hon. Dulcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Ttobt. Sutton-JVcl- 
thorpe, b. i860, mar. 18S5 Bobt. Nassau S.-N., Esq. 
Res., Scawby 8.0. , Lines. 

Hon. George E., b. 1S61, mar. i838 Amy Violet 
Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. Chas. R. Hay- 
Drummond and granddau. of 10th E. of Kinnoull 
(Hon. Mrs. George E.). Res., Bed Cottage, Long 
Cross, Chertsey, Surrey. 

Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. Res., with Hon. Ashley. 

Hon. Mary, dow Hon. Mrs. Godfrey Chetwynd, b. 
1867, mar. 1904, as 2nd wife, Godfrey John Boyle 
C, Esq., son of Capt. Hon. Hy. W. Chetwynd, 
B.N., son of 6th Vise. Res., Wyndthorpe, nr. 
By 3RD mrrge. (none by 2nd). 

Hon. Robert Evelyn E., b. 1876. Club, Travellers'. 

Hon. Ashley Moiland E., b. 1878. Res., Ford House, 
"VVangford S.O., Suffolk. 
Issue of 3rd Bn. (uncle and aunts of present) : 

(The late 4th Baron, b. 1829, d. 1890.) 

Hon. Florence Selina E., b. 1835. Re?., Boyne Hill 
House, Maidenhead, Berks. 

Hon. Maria Harriet E., b. 1836. Res., with pre- 

Hon. Robert Henley Shaw E., b. 1840. mar. 1862 
Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late Rev. Fredk. Hild- 
yard (Hon. Mrs. Robt. E.). Res., Tyddj'nllan, 
Llandrillo, Corwen, Merionethsh. 

AUCKLAND, Baron's Widow (remrrd.). 
Edith, Lady A., dau. of Sir Wm. Eden, 6th Bt., 
mar., 1st, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. Auckland 
(d. 1890) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons, Esq.— 
retaining title by courtesy. Res., Stonepitt Grange , 
Seal, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

AUCKLAND, Bisfiop of. Rt. Rev. Moore 
Riciiard Neligan, M.A., 3rd Bp., late Vic. of 
St. Stephen's, Westbourne Pk. : b. 1863, mar. 
1894, cons. 1903. Res., Bishopscourt, Auckland. 
(The Bp. of Dunedin is now Primate of N.Z.) 

AUDLEY Barony {Eng. 1313 by writ)— in 
a beyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 

Surviving Relatives. 
( Thic7cne88e-Touchet.) 
Daus. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heire3ses to the 
succession, producing the abeyanca) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T., b. 1838. 
Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 
Dau.-in~law of lgth Bn. : 

Hon. Mrs. John T.-T. (Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Jno. H.. Blennerhasset, Esq.), mar. 1842 the late 
Hon. John Nicholas T.-T. (d. 1861). 
AULD, Maj.-Gen. Robert, C.B. (Civ. 1902), 
Lt.-Gov. of Guernsey, Alderney, &c. , late Dir. of 
Supplies and Clothing at Headqrs., has been 
A.D.C. to Gov. of Malta and Assist. Dir. -Gen. 
of Ordnance, acted as Dep. Gov. of Gibraltar 
igo5 : b. 1848. Res., Saumarez Hall, Guernsey. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir William Michael 
Byron Austin, 2ndBt. {U.K. 1894), son of 1st Bt., 
b. 1871, sue. 1906, mar. 1896 Violet Irene, dau. 
of Alex. Fraser, Esq. Heir, his son John Byron 
Fraser (b. 1897; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Ronald, b. 1904). Seats, Red Hill, Castleford, 
Yorks. ; Fryston Hall, Ferrybridge S.O., same 

AUSTIN, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
A. (Agnes, dau. of the late Saml. S. Byron, 
Esq.), mar. 1866 Sir Jno. Austin, 1st Bt., M.P. 
(d. 1906). Res., West Huntington Hall, York. 

AUSTIN, Mai. Herbert Henry, C.M.G. (1901), 
D.S.O. (1899), R.E., Waziristan 1894-5, Uganda 
1898, was employed in Brit. E. Afr. Protect. 
1897-9, aftds. on Survey Duty in Egypt, now a 
D.A.Q.M.G. at Headqrs. of I. A. : b. 1868. 

AUTICHAMP, Comtesse Charles de Beau- 
mont d', sist. of 2nd Bn. Churston. (Name 
variously given as Autichamp, Aultichamp, Autri- 
champ, Auticamp, Antichamp, and Antichan.) 

AVA, Earl of {U.K. 1888), a title of the 
Duff erin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heir 
when a first-born son. 

AVEBURY {pron. Ayv-), Baron. John Lub- 
bock, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. {Gt. Br. 
1890), D.C.L., LL.D., Hon. M.D., F.R.S. 
(Vice-Pres.), F.S.A. & F.L.S. (Pres.), a D.L. 
for Kent, a Lieut, for the City of London (formerly 
Chmn. L.C.C.), head of the bank of Robarts, 
Lubbock, and Co., Pres. of Centr. Assoc. of 
Bankers and late of Lond. Chamb. of Commerce, 
a Trustee of Brit. Mus., Lord Rect. of St. Andrews 
Univ., late Vice-Chanc. London Univ., for which 
he was M.P. 1880-1900 (prev. for Maidstone from 
1870) : son of 3rd Bt. ; b. April 30, 1834 ; sue. as 
4th Bt. 1865, cr. Bn. 1900 {L.U.) ; mar., 1st, 1856, 
the late Ellen Frances (d. 1879), dau. of the late 
Rev. P. Hordern ; 2ndly, 1884, Alice Augusta 
Laurentia, dau. of the late Lt.-Gen. Aug. H. 
Lane Fox -Pitt-Rivers and granddau. of 2nd Bn. 
Stanley of Alderley. Seats, High Elms, Downe, 
Orpington, Kent; Kingsgate Castle, nr. Rams- 
gate ; town res., 6 St. James's Sq., S.W. ; offices, 
15 Lombard St., E.C. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. i8c6 ; Bn. Avebury, 1900. 




Hon. .Amy Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Ferdinand van 
Zandt, b. 1857, *>™ r - l8 84, 2nd husb., the late 
Ferd. S. van Z., Esq. (d. 1892). Res., The Croft, 
Bradwell-on-Se.a, Soutliminster S.O., Essex ; 56 Elm 
Park Gdns., W. Brompton, S.W. 

Hon. John Birkbeck. L„ heir to BaroDy, a D.L. for 
Kent and a partner in the bank of Robarts, 
Lubbock, and Co. : b. 1853. Res., 14A Berkeley St., 

Hon. Norman L., 2nd heir, served in S. Africa: 
b. 1861. Res., Downe, Orpington, Kent. 

The late Constance Mary, aftds. Mrs. Charles Buxton, 
b.186-, d. 1892, having mar. 1882 Chas. Sydney B., 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

AYL 151 

Hon. Rolfe Arthur L., formerly Lieut. 3rd Middx 
Rifle Vols. : b. 186s, mar. 1894 Ethel, dau. of the 
late Thos. A. Lawford, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Rolfe L.). 
Res., 11 Sloane Gdns., S.W. 

Hon. Gertrude L-, b. 186-. Res., 4 Lawrence Mansns., 
Carlyle Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 


Hon. Ursula now Hon. Mrs. Adrian Grant-Duff, b. 

1885, mar. 1906 Capt. Adr. G.-D. Res., 12 Albion 

St., Hyde P£, W. 
Hon. Irene, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Pelham, b. 1886, 

mar. 1503 Edwd. Henry P., Esq., gt. grandson of 

2nd E. of Chichester. Res., 28 Roland Gdns., 

S. Kens., S.W. 
Hon. Harold Fox Pitt L., b. 1888. 
Hon. Eric Fox Pitt L.,b. 1803. 
Hon. Maurice Fox Pitt L., b. 1900. 
AVELAND, Baron {U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
ter, E. of." 

AVEN, Baron (Scot. 1643)— see ' ' Hamilton, D. 

AVERY, Baronet. Sir "William Eric Thomas 
Avery, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1905), son of 1st Bt., b. 
1890, sue. 1908. No heir. Seat, Oakley Ct., 
Windsor; 'own res., 78 Portland PI., N. 

AVERY, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. 
(Suzanne Mathilde Irma, dau. of the late Mons. 
Pierre Crets, of Paris), mar. 1902, as 2nd -wife, 
Sir Wm. Beilby Avery, 1st Bt. (d. 1908). Res., 
with present Bt. 

AVIGLIANO, Duchessa d', dau. of 6th D. of 
Newcastle (the 4' for di). 

AVIS, John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1905), Chf. of 
Continental Dept. S.E. & Ch. R. : b. 1851. Res., 
4 Park Cresc, Clapham Pk. Rd., S.W. 

AVONMORE, Viscount. Algernon William 
Yelverton, 6th Vise. (Irel.), late Capt. Dublin City 
Artill. (Mil.), served in W. Africa 1902-3: son 
of 4th V. and bro. of 5th ; b. Nov. 19, 1866 ; 
sue. 1885 ; mar. 1890 Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. 
Evans, Esq., of Gortmerron, Tyrone. Seats, Belle 
Isle, Roscrea, Co. Tipperary ; Hazle Rock, West- 
port, Co. Mayo. 

Creations. Irel.: Bn. Telverton, 1795; Vise. Avonmore, 
1800.— Barry Yelverton, the 1st Bn. and Vise, was an 
orator and statesman, Attorney-General for Ireland, a 
P.C., and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
Dau. of present (6th) V.: 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel Y., b. 1892. 
Issue of 4th V. (two others deceased) : 
The late sth Viscount, b. i8£g, d. i88g. 
Present Viscount, b. 1866. 

Issue of 3rd V. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 4th Viscount, b. 1824, d. 1883.) 

Hon. Louisa Elizabeth, now Hon. Mrs. Rudolph 
Hultzsch, b. 1S27, mar. 1873 the late Herr Rud. 
Herm. H. (d. 1905). Res., Dresden. 

Hon. Anna, now Hon. Mrs. James Walker, b. 1833, 
mar. 1859 the lace Jame3 IF., Esq. (d. 1901). Res., 
Hanley Lodge, Corstorphine S.O., Midlothian. 

Hon. Maletta, now Hon. Mrs. Crofton Vandeleur, 
b. 1839, mar. 1868 the late Capt. Crofton T. B. V. 
(d. x88i). Res., Wardenstown, Athlone, Co. West- 
— Dau. -in-law : 

[Hon. Mrs. George 1'. (Louisa Lenox, dau. of the 
late Guy L. Prendergast, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1857, the 
late Hon. Geo. F. Wm. Y. (d. i860) ; 2ndly, 1376, 
the late Chas. Fetherstonhawjh, Esq. (d. 1885)— 
forfeiting her claim to title. Res., Manor Farm 
House, Windsor.] 

Heir pres. (a 1st cous. once removed, grandson of 
2nd V. and son of Hon. Wm. Yelverton) : 
William Henry Morcjan I", Esq., b. 1840. Res., 
Whitland Abbey, Whitland S.O., Carmarthensh. 
(No 2nd heir.) 
AVONMORE, Viscount's Widow. Dowager 
Viscountess A. (Emily Marianne, dau. of the 
late Maj.-Gen. Sir Chas. Ashworth, K.C.B., and 

widow of Edwd. Forbes, Esq., F.R.S.), mar. 1858 
4th Vise. Avonmore (d. 1883) . Res., Villa Gobert, 

AWDRY, Bishop— see " Tokio, Sth." 
AWDRY, Knight. Sir Richard Davis A ivdry, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Acct.-Gen. to the Navy, 
prev. Assist. Sec. to Admiralty, is a member of 
Roy. Patriotic Pund Corp. : b. 1843, mar. 1901, 
2nd wife, Katharine Louise James, adopted dau. 
of Herb. Worthington, Esq. Res., 63 Victoria 
Rd.,Kens., W. 

AYE RS, Engr.-Com. RobertBell, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1908), R.N. 

AYLESFORD, Earl of. Charles Wight- 
wick Finch, 8th Earl (Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
Warwicks., Hon. Col. 4th Batt. S. Staffordsh. 
Regt. (Mil.) : son of 6th E. and bro. of 7th ; b. 
June 7, 1851 ; sue. 1885 (<7.) ; mar., 1st, 1873, 
the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. 
of 3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, 
Ella Victoria, dau. of the late Jno. Ross, Esq., and 
widow of Capt. Jas. H. Linton. Seats, Packing- 
ton and Diddington Halls, Coventry ; The Friars, 
Aylesford, Maidstone. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, Eng. 1703 ; E. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Winchilsea and Nottingham, its first representative 
being the 2nd son of the 1st Earl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-General, and was distinguished as principal of 
the advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the 
reign of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to 
the" above Barony and Earldom. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (Sth) E.: 

Lady Violet Ella, now Lady V. Crawley, b. 1880, 

mar. 1904 Maj. Eustace C. 
Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthington, b. 
1881, mar. 1901 William Worthington W., Esq. 
Res., Netherseal Old Hall, Ashby-deda-Zoueh. 
Lord Guernsey, heir to Earldom : Heneage Greville 
F., Lieut. Warwicks. Territ. Yeom., late Lieut. 
Irish Gds. and A.D.C. to Gen. Sir F. Forrestier- 
Walker at Gibraltar: b. 1883, mar. 1907 Hon. 
Gladys Cecil Georgina Fcllowes, dau. of 2nd Bn. 
De Ramsey. Son : 

Hon. F., 2nd heir, b. 1908. 

Hon. Charles Daniel F., b. i8Sf. 
Hon. Ronald William Edward .F., Midshipman R.N., 
b. 1839. 

Daus. of 7th E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Maj. Malcolm Donald M., 
M.V.O., q.v. 

Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Danhy, 
b. 1875, mar. 1991 Philip Saml. D., Esq. Rt's., 
Offchurch, Leamington. 
Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 

(The late 7th Earl, b. 1849, d. 1885.) 

(Present Earl, b. 1851.) 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmine, now Lady A. 
Murray, b. 1353, mar. 1875 Chas. Jas. M., Esq., 
grandson of gth E. of Dunmore. Res., Lochcarron 
S.O., Ross-sh. : The Grange, Old Windsor; 41 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 
AYLESFORD, Earl's Widow. Dowager 
Countess of A. (Jane Wightwick, dau. of the 
late Jno. W. Knightley, Esq.), mar. 1846 6th E. 
of Aylesford (d. 1871). Res., The Bury, Leam- 

AYLMER, family name of following Barony. 

AYLMER, Baron. Matthew Aylmer, 8th Ba. 
(Irel.) and a Bt., Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen.) and 
Insp.-Gen. of Canadian Militia, formerly 
Lieut. 7th Foot : son of 7th Bn. ; b. March 
28, 1842 ; sue. 1901 ; mar. 1875 Amy Gertrude, 
dau. of Hon. Jno. Young, of Montreal. Res., 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. de 
Balrath, 1718.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was 



Directory of Peerage, 


awarded this Peerage in recognition of his services : he 
was 2nd son of the ist Bt., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : they are distinct from the 
Btcy. below. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) Bn. : 

Hon. Amelia Winifred A., b. i8y5. 

Hon. John Frederick Whitwoeth A., heir to 

Barony, b. 1880. 
Hon. Kenneth Athalmar A., 2nd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Basil Udolphus A., b. i386. 
Hon. Florence Gwendolyn A., b. 1S91. 

Surviving issue of Jth Bn. (bros. and sist. cf 
present) : 
(Present Bakon, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Henry A., Canad. M.P., barrister, Sheriff of 
St. Francis List., Quebec, and Lt.-Col. Canad. 
Artill. Mil. : b. 1843, mar. 1870 Louisa Blanche 
Fanny, dau. of the late Hy. A. Howe, Esq,, LL.D. 
(Hon. Mrs. Henry -4.). Res., Lennoxville, Quebec. 

Hon. Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, 
mar. 1872 her cousin, the lateHy. Lovell Ayhner, 
Esq. (d. 1882). Res., Richmond, Quebec. 

Hon. Frederick Whitworth A., C.E. to Govt, of 
Canad. Domin. andCapt. Canad. Mil.: b. 1350, mar. 
1859 Emma Meredith, dau. of R. Lang, Esq. (Hon. 
Mrs. Frederick A.). Res., Revelstoke, Brit. Co- 

AYLMER, Baronet. Sir Aethur Percy 
Fitzgerald A.ylmer, 12th Bt. (Irel. 1622), grand- 
son of 11th Bt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
J. Aylmer ; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, 2nd 
wife, but divorced 1886 (by an American wife 
who had prev. been divorced herself). Heir pres., 
hisbro. Col. Fenton John A., C.B., Uffi, q.v. (2nd 
heir, their 1st cousin Gerald Arthur Evans Freke 
A., b. 1869). Res., Donadea Lodge, "Westend 
Village, Southampton. 

AYLMER, Col. Edmund Kendal Geimston, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), late comdg. 19th Hussars, ret. 
1907 ; Egypt and Soudan 1882-5, s - Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1859 (gt. grandson of 6th Bt.). Club, 
Nav. and Mil. 

AYLMER, Col. Fenton John, C.B. (Mil. 1907), 
(1891), R.E., Comdr. of Quetta Brigade in 
India as Brig.-Gen. : b. 1862. bio. and heir pres. 
of above Bt. Bes., Quetta, Baluchistan. 

AYR, Viscount — see "Air." 

AYSCOUGH (PERRY-), Hon. Mrs. George, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Congleton. 

AYTOUN, Maj. Andrew, D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. 
and Suthd. Highidrs. retd. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 
as Lt.-Col., was with Colon. Forces in Oueensld. 
1898 and has been A.A.G. to Mil. Forces of Com- : b. i860, Bes., Stirling. 


BABBIT, George Nealon, I.S.O. (1908), Dep. 
Receiver-Gen. of New Brunswick Pro v. 

BABINGTON, Mai. David Melville, CLE. 
(1907), R, A., Supt. of Cordite Factory, Welling- 
ton, Madras : b. 1863. 

BABINGTON, Maj. -Gen. James Melville, 
C.B. (Mil. 1907) CM.G. (1906), Col. and Hon. 
Maj .-Gen., late 16th Lancers, ret. 1907 ; Bechuana- 
land, 1884-5, Boer War 1899-1901, was A.A.G. in 

India 1896-9, late Comdt. of N.Z. Defence Forces, 
now comdg. Lowland (T.F.) Mtd. Brigade : b. 
1854. Club, U. Serv. 

BABTIE, Col. William, CM.G. (1899), 
T3<& (1899), M.B., L.R.C.P., A.M.S., a Kt. of 
Grace Sc. John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-8, S. Africa 

1899- 1900, late Insp. of Med. Services : b. 1859. 
Res., Hoebridge, Woking, Surrey. 

BACKHOUSE, Baronet. Sir Jonathan Ed- 
mund Backhouse, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1901), a D.L. for N. 
Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
son of the late Edmd. Backhouse, Esq., of Tre- 
bah, Cornwall : b. 1849, widower. Heir, his son 
Edmund Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Oliver, Lieut. R.N., b. 1876). Seats, Uplands, 
Darlington; The Rookery, Middleton-Tyas S.O., 

BACKHOUSE, Col. Julius Batt, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), East Kent Regt. (the Buffs), retd. (1904) ; 
Zulu War 1&79, and S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1854. 

BACKHOUSE, Maj. Miles Roland Charles, 
D.S.O. (1902), Northumbd. Yeom. ; S. Africa 

1900- 2 : b. 1878 (4th son of above Bt.). 
BACON, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 

Bacon, 11th Bt. of Redgrave (Eng. 1611, Premier 
Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhall, Eng. 
1627I, F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
18S7), a Co. Aid. for Lindsey Div., formerly 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of 10th Bt., b. 1855, 
sue. 1872. Heir pres., his bro. Nicholas Henry 
(b. 1857 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Edmund Castell, 
b. 1903). Seat, Thonock Hall, Gainsborough, 
Lines. ; town res., Queen Anne's Mansns., St. 
James's Pk., S.W. 

*** The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Verulam, commonly, 
but incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St, Albans (a fac-simile of his autograph in 
Doyle's 'Baronage' gives it as St. Alban), all his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Roger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son, Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became ist Bt. 

BACON, Capt. Reginald Hugh Spencer, 
C.V.O. (1007), D.S.O. (1897), R.N., Benin 1897, 
late Chi. of Staff, Home Fleet, now Dir. of Nav. 
Ordn. and a Naval A.D.C. to H.M., author of a 
'Manual of Electric Lighting for the Navy:' 
b. 1863. Res., 5 Cranley PL, Onslow Sq., W. 

BADCOCK, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Thcophila Lowther, dau. of J. S. Dumergue, 
Esq.), mar. 1865 Gen. Sir Alex. R. Badcock, 
K.C.B., late Q.M.G. in India (d. 1907). 

BADCOCK, Maj. Francis Frederick, D.S.O. 
(1892), LA., Hazara 1888 and 1891, 2nd Miran- 
zai, Hunza Nagar, Waziristan, and Tirah 1897-8 : 
b. 1867 (son of preceding). 

BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 
late Controller of London Postal Service," in 
G.P.O. 1858-1905: b. 1840. Res., Springfield, 
Brodrick Rd., Upp. Tooting, S.W. 

BAGGE, Baronet. Sir Alfred Thomas Bagge, 
3rd Bt. (U.K. 1867), retired Capt. R.N. (served 
in China 1857-61), a D.L. for Norfolk : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1843, sue. 1881, mar. 1872 
Millicent Case, dau. of the late Jno. G. Morris, 
Esq. Heir, his son Alfred William Franci3 
(b. 1875; 2nd heir, next son, John Picton, b. 
1877). Seat, Stradsett Hall, Downham, Norfolk. 

BAGGE, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). Alice, 
Lady B., dau. of the late All Giles, Esq., mar., 

BAG Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAI 153 

1st, 1865, Sir Wm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
2ndly, 1889, Wm. Wainwright, Esq., but retains 
title. Res., Eopley House, Alresford, Hants. 

BAGGE, Maj. Eichard Ludwig, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late 3rd Batt. Norf. Begt. (Mil.) ; S. 
Africa 1900-2 : b. 1872. Res., Islington Hall, 
King's Lynn. 

BAGGE, Stephen Salisbury, C.M.G. (1907), a 
Provincial Commissr. in E. Afr. Protectorate, late 
Ch. Polit. Offr. with Nandi Fd. Porce. Res., 
Mombasa, Brit. E. Africa. 

BAGNOLD, Col. Arthur Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1907), F.R.A.S., M.I.E.E., B.E., S. Africa 1881, 
Soudan 1884-5, bas comd. E.E. in Jamaica, now 
Bdg. Supt. for Ordn. Factories : b. 1854. lies., 
"Warren "Wood, Shooter's Hill, W oolwich. 

BAGOT, family name of following Barony. 

BAGOT, Baron. William Bagot, 4th Bn. 
{Ot. Br.) and a Bt,, F.S.A., F.L.S. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Chamb. and Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in ccmd. Staffordsh. 
Yeora., formerly A.D.C. to Gov.-Gen. of Canada : 
son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1857; sue. 1887 (G.) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian Marie, dau. of the late Mr. Henry 
May, of Maryland, U.S.A. Seats, Biithfieid, 
Eugeley, Staffs. ; Pool Pk., Euthin, Denbighsh. 

Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1627; Bn. Bagot, Gt. Br. 
178c— Sir Wm. Bagot, istBn.,v/as M.P. for Staffordshire ; 
the and was a distinguished scientist. 

Titled Belatives. 
Issue of present (dih) Bn.: 
Hon. Barbara B., b. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 

Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaw, prev. 
Hamar Bass, b. 1853, mar. 1901, 2nd husb., Rev. 
Bernd. D.Douglas S., Vic. of Ch. Ch. Albany St., 
W. Res., 5 Hereford Gdns., Park Ln., W. 

(Present Baron, b. 1856. ) 

Hon. Katherine Jane, now Hon, Mrs. David Smythe, 
b. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray 5. Res., 
Methven Castle, Perth. 
Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Mrs. 
Newdigate-Newdegate, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus. : b. i36i, mar. 1888 Fras. Alex. Newdigate, 
Esq., who assumed the addit. name of Kewdegate 
1902. Res., Arbury, Nuneaton, Warwicks. ; West 
Hallam, Derby. 
Hon. Walter Lewis B., heir pres. to Barony, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., served in S. Africa 
1900-1, late Capt. 1st Batt. Gren. Gds. : b. 1864, 
mar. 1893 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. of the late 
Hon. Fredk. W. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl Cadogan 
(Hon. Mrs. Walter B.). (2nd heir, his son Edward 
Lewis Henry, b. 1896.) 
BAGOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lucy 
Francesca, dau. of the late Edmund G. Hornby, 
Esq.), mar. 1851 Sir Chas. S. Bagot, Kt. Bach., 
an Hon. Commissr. in Lunacy (d. 1906). Res., 
The Gables, East Sheen, Mortlake, S.W. 

BAGOT, Col. Charles Hervey, C.B. (Mil. 
igoo), E.E. retd. (1904); Afghn. 1878-9, Bechu- 
anald. 1884-5, late Dep. Insp.-Gen. of Fortificns. : 
b. 1847. Res., Brook Cottage, East Grinstead, 

BAHEIA— see " Delia Bahria." 

BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BAILEY. Knight (1). Sir James Bailey, Kt. 
Bach. (1905), a D.L. for Norfolk, late an M.P. 
(C), one of the founders of the Constit. Club : 
b. 1840, mar. 1896, 2nd wife, Lily, dau. of 
the late Adolphus Pass, Esq. Res., Lofts Hail, 
Saffron Walden ; 58 Eutland Gt., S.W. 

BAILEY, Knight (2). Sir William Henry 

Bailey, Kt. Bach. (1894), Manag. Dir. of W. H. 
Bailey and Co., Mayor of Salford 1893-4 and Past 
Pres. of Manch. Assoc. of Engineers and Manch. 
Eeform Club., a Dir. of Ebbw Steel Co., a pioneer 
of the Ship Canal: b. 1838, widower. Res., Sale 
Hall, Cheshire, nr. Manchester. 

BAILEY, Capt. Arthur Harold, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Lanes. Eegt. ; Ehodesia 1896-7 and 
Boer War 1899-1902 : b. 1873. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. John (C), dau. of 4th 
Bn. Lyttelton— see "Cobham." 

BAILEY, John Walter, I.S.O. (1908), late 
Assist. Ch. Insp. of Excise. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. Percival, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Kinross. 

BAILEY, Maj. Percy James, D.S.O. (1902), 
12th Lancers; S. Africa 1899-1902, now Adjt. 
Qmr. in Cav. School : b. 1873 (son of above Sir 
Jas. Bailey). Ees., Netheravon S.O., Wilts. 

BAILEY, Rowland, I.S.O. (1904), M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1902), Controller of Stationery Ofiice, prev. 
of Stores, Works Office : b. 1852. Res., 3 Prince's 
St., Westminster, S.W. 

BAILEY, "William Frederick, C.B. (Civ. 
1906), F.B.G.S., barrister-at-law, has been Lect. 
in Polit. Econ. and Exam, in English Lit. to 
Intermed. Educn. Board, now an Estates Com- 
missr. in Ireld. : b. 1857. R es -> 3 Earlsfort Terr., 

BAILEY, William Henry, I.S.O. (1905), 
late Colon. Pcstmr., Barbados, prev. Eegistr. to 
Legisl. Counc, now Controller of Customs: b. 
1855. Res., Bridgetown. 

BAILLIE, Baronet. Sir Gawain George 
Stuart Baillie, 5th Bt. of Polkemmet (U.K. 
1823), son of 4th Bt., b. 1893, sue. 1907. Ile'-r 
pres., his bro. Adrtan William Maxwell 
(b. 1898; 2nd heir, Bt.'s uncle William, b. 1SS1). 
Res., 14 Cambridge Ed., Colchester. 

BAILLIE, Baronets' Widows. (1) Mary, 
Lady B., dau. of the late Stan H. Stewart, Esa., 
mar. 1846 Sir Wm. Baillie, 2ndBt. (d. 1890). Res., 
Polkemmet, Whitburn S.O., Linlithgowsh.— (2) 
Lady B. (Isabel, dau. of the late David E. Wilkie, 
Esq., of Melbourne), mar. 1887 Sir Eobt. Alex. 
Baillie. 4th Bt. (d. 1907). Res., with present Bt. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Bovne. 

BAILLIE, Lt.-Col. Augustus Charles, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), S. Africa 1900-2, now Lt.-Col. Lovat's 
Scouts Yeom.: b. 1861. Res., Kirklands, Melrose, 

BAILLIE, Lady Blanche Harriet Emma, 
sist. of 4th E. of Malmesbury. 

BAILLIE, Col. James Evan Bruce, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), V.D., Comdt. and Hon. -Col. 
Highld. E.G. A. Vols., formerly an M.P. (0.) : b. 
1850. Res., Dochfour, Inverness ; 71 Sth. Audley 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. James, dau. cf Bn. Burton, 
and wife of preceding. 

BAILLIE, Lieut. John Andrew, D.S.O. (1502), 
S. African Constab., late with Ind. Police ; Boer 
War 1901-2: b. 1874. Res., Pretoria. 

BAILLIE (COCHBANE-), family name of 
Lamington Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BAILLIE-HAMILTON— see ' ' Hamilton (B .-)" 

BAINBEIDGE, Knight. Col. Sir Edmond 
Bainbridge, K.C.B. (Civ. 1903), E.A. retd. (1898), 
late Supt. of Ordn. Factories and of Eoy. Labora- 
tory, Woolwich, has also been Instr. to Sch. of 
Gunnery, Sec. of Ordn. Cmttee., &c. : b. 1841, 
mar. 1881, 2nd wife, Kate, dau. of Jno. Page, 
Esq. Res., Sheringham S.O., Norfolk. 

i 5 4 BAI 

Directory of Peerage, 


BAINBRIDGE, Capt. Norman Bruce, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), W. Bid. Regt. ; Boer "War 1899-1901, now 
Ch. Ordn. Offr. Ceylon : b. 1869. 

BAINBRIDGE, Capt. William Frank, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), I. A. ; N. W. Frontier 1897-8, China 1900 : 
b. 1873. 

BAINES, Bishop — see "Natal," and note 
" Baynes" as distinct. 

BAINES, Knight. Sir (Jervoise) Athel- 
stane Baincs, Kt. Bach. (1905), C.S.I. (1894), 
F.R.G.S., F.R.S.S. (Hon. Sec), late Aid. L.C.C., in 
I.C.S. 1870-35, author of several statistical works 
on India, &c. : b. 1847, mar. 1874 Constance, dau. 
of the late Henry Pyne, Esq. Res., Home Close, 
Kidlington, Oxford. 

BAINES, Frederick Ebenezer, OB. (Civ. 
1885), late Surv.-Gen. of Telegrs. and Assist. Sec. 
Gr.P.O., ret. 1893, is author of several works : b. 
1832. #es.,Tunb. Wells. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Newbyth. Sir David 
Baird, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1809), a D.L. for Co. 
Haddington and Commissi', of Supply for 
Midlothian, formerly Maj. 98th Regt. and of 
74th Highldrs., served in Kaffir and Crimean 
Wars and in Mutiny: son of 2nd Bt., b. 1832, 
sue. 1852, mar. 1864 Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of 
12th Bn. Blantyre {Hon. Lady Baird of Newbyth). 
Heir, his son Capt. David B. (b. 1865 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, William Arthur, b. 1879). Seat, Newbyth 
House, Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. 

*** This line is a branch of the following. The 1st 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.G.B., was a distinguished 
military commander who figured at the capture of 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corunna. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Sauqhton. Sir 
William James Gardiner Baird, 8th Bt. (Scot. 
1696), late Lt.-Col. comdg. Lothians and Ber- 
wicks. Imper. Yeom. (ret. 1908), formerly Lieut. 
7th Htissars, is a Commissr. of Supply for Mid- 
lothian : son of 7th Bt., b. 1854, sue. 1895, 
mar. 1879 Hon. Arabella Rose Evelyn Hozier, 
dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands (Hon. Lady Baird of 
Saughton Hall). Heir, his son James Hozier 
Gardiner (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Frank Gardiner, b. 1885). Res., Luchie, Nth. 
Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Urie. Sir Alexander 
Baird, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1897), Lord Lieut, of Kin- 
cardinesh., and a D.L. for Inverness-sh. and for 
Co. of City of Aberdeen : son of the late Jno. 
Baird, Esq., b. 1849, widower (having mar. Hon. 
Annette M. Balk, dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, 
his son John Lawrence, C.M.G., q.v. (2nd heir, 
next son, Alexander W alter Frederick, D.S.O., 
q.v.). Seat, Erie, Stonehaven, Kincardinesh. 

BAIRD, Hon. Ladies— see under above Bts. 
of Newbyth and Saughton Hall. 

BAIRD, Knight. Adm. Sir John Kennedy 
Erskine Baird, K.C.B. (Mil. 1890), served in 
Russian War and commanded Chan. Squad. 
1888-90, ret. 1897, was a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria : bro. of Sir David Baird, Bt. of New- 
byth; b. 1833, mar. 1905 Constance Barbara, dau. 
of the late Edwd. Clark, Esq., of Chard. Club, 
Army and Nav3 r . 

BAIRD, Maj . Alexander Walter Frederick, 
D.S.O. (1902), Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 
as a Staff -Capt., now Gen. Staff Offr. Mauritius : 
b. 1875 (son and 2nd heir of above Bt. of Erie). 

BAIRD, Lady Ethel Sydney, dau. of 9th E. 
of Kintore and wife of the under-mentioned Jno. 
L. Baird, C.M.G. 

BAIRD, Capt. Henry Hume Chisholm, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Kent Regt,; S. Africa 1900-1 as 

Signalling Offr. : b. 1878. Res., Oxford Lodge, 
Surbiton Hill. 

BAIRD, Lady Hersey, wife of 2nd heir to 
above Btcy. of Newbyth and dau. of 4th Marq. 

BAIRD, John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), a 
2nd Sec. in Diplom. Serv. (Abyssinia and Somali- 
land), Capt. Scottish Horse, and a D.L. for 
Kincardinesh. : son and heir of above Bt. of Urie, 
b. 1874, mar. 1905 the above Lady Ethel B. Res., 
Brit. Legat., Buenos Aires. 

BAKER, Baronet of Dunstable House. His 
Honour Sir George Sherston Baker, 4th Bt. (Gt. 
Br. 1796), Recorder of Barnstaple and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has been a 
Revising Barrister, an Examiner to the Four Inns 
of Court, and Standing Couns. to the (late) Soc. of 
the Baronetage, is editor of several legal works : 
gt. grandson of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin once 
rem. of 3rd ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1873 
Jane Mary, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Fegen, Esq., 
C.B., R.N. Heir, his son Dodington George 
Richard Sherston (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son, Humphrey Dodington Benedict Sherston, b. 
1907). Res., 18 Cavendish Rd., St. John's Wd., 
N.W. ; chambs., 13 Bank St., Lincoln. 

BAKER, Baronet of Loventor—see " Rhodes." 

BAKER, Baronet of Ranston (or of Ashcombe) . 
Sir Randolp Littleiiales Baker, 4th Bt. 
(U.K. 1802), B.A., Lieut. Dorset Yeom. : son of 
3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No present heir. 
Seat, Ranston, Blandford, Dorset. 

BAKER, Baronet's Widow of Ranston. Lady 
B. (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. Marryat), 
mar. 1875, as 2nd wife, Rev. Sir Talbot H. B. 
Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 1900). Res., 
with Sir Randolf . 

BAKER, Knight (1). Sir Augustine Fitz- 
Gerald Baker, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., was Pres. 
1903 of Incorp. Law Soc. of Ireld. : b. 1851. Res., 
56 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BAKER, Knight (2). Sir Edward Norman 
Baker, K.C.S.I. (1908), has been Financ. Sec. to 
Govts, of Bengal and India and Financ. Memb. 
of Counc. of Viceroy, also a Dep. Commissr., 
now Lt.-Gov. of Bengal : b. 1857, mar. 1884 
Mildred Marion, dau. of Col. Salusbury T. Trevor. 
Res., Calcutta. 

BAKER, Knight (3). Sir John Baker, Kt. 
Bach. (1895), M.P. for Portsmouth (L.), a woollen 
merchant, twice Mayor of Portsmouth, and was 
Chmn. of Sch. Bd. for 21 years: b. 1828, widower. 
Res., North End House, Portsmouth; 4 Queen's 
Gdns., Hove, Brighton. 

BAKER, Knight (4). Hon. Sir Richard 
Chaffey Baker, K.C.M.G. (1895), M.A., K.C., 
Pres. of first Senate of Austral. Commonwealth, 
prev. nine years Pres. of Leg. Counc. S. Aust., 
where he had been Attomey-Qcn., Min. of Justice, 
&c. : b. 1842, widower. Res., Morialta, Norton's 
Summit, nr. Adelaide, and Melbourne. 

BAKER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Florence, 
dau. of M. Finnian von Sass), mar. 3860, as 2nd 
wife, Sir Saml. W. Baker, F.R.S., distinguished 
Af ricantraveller (d. 1893). i?es.,Sandford-Orleigh, 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BAKER, Maj. Arthur Brander, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Imper. Bushmen; Hazara 1888, 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1868. 

BAKER, Col. George, OB. (Mil. 1887), 67th 
Regt. retd. (1897); China i860, Afghn. 1878-80, and 
Burma 1885-7, comd. 20th Regtl. Dist. 1891-6 : b. 
1840. Res., Manor Farm, Frindsbury, Rochester. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. BAL 155 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of 18th Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Maj. Robert Joseph, D.S.O. (1902), 
Qnrr. and Hon. Maj. 5th Batt. Roy. Dubl. Fus. 
(Mil.) ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1856. Ees., 138 Stb. 
Circular Rd., Dublin. 

BALA R. VARMA— see " Travancore." 

BALCARRE8, Earl op {Scot. 1651) — see 

BALCARRES {pron. Balcar'rez), Lord {by 
courtesy) , M.P., eld. son and heir of E. of Crawford 
and Balcarres, q.v. Title varied from one of those 
of the Earldom, " Baron Lindsay of Balcarres." 

BALCHANDRA (Bhal-)— see " Bhatawa- 

BALDOCK, Col. Thomas Stanford, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), R.A., S. Africa 1901-2, was Brig. -Maj. R.A. 
in Malta 1890-4, and Comdt. Sch. of Gunnery at 
Shoeburyness 1907, now comdg. 2nd Div. R.A. at 
Aldershot as temp. Brig.-Gen. : b. 1854. Res., 
BapchildCt., Sittingbourne, Kent. 

BALDWIN, Maj. Guy Melfort, D.S.O. (1896), 
I.A., Hazara 1888, Chitral Relief, N.W. Front. 
1897-8, late a D.A.A.G. Northn. Comd. India : 
b. 1865. 

BALE, Knight. Hon. Sir Henry Bale, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), F.R.C.I., Ch. Justice of Natal, 
formerly Attorn. -Gen. and Minister of Educn., 
also Chmn. of various Cmttees., and has 
twice admind. Govt, and been requested to form a 
Ministry, appd. Q,.C. 1897: b. 1854, mar. 1904, 
2nd wife, Margaret Annie, dau. of the late W. F. 
Berning, Esq. Res., Hillside, Pietermaritzburg. 

BALFOUR, family name of Kinross Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," see below for "Ladies." 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1885, I. 
1887), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., M.P. 
for City of London {€.), an Elder Brother of 
Trinity House, a D.L. for Haddingtonsh., late 
Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury 
(1902-5) ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh Univ., late 
Lord Rector of St. Andrews and Glasgow, and 
has been Ch. Sec. for Ireland (1887-91), Sec. for 
Scotland, Pres. of Local Govt. Bd.,and Assist. 
Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, having accom- 
panied the Spec. Mission of Lords Beaconsfield 
and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878 ; was Pres. of 
Brit. Assoc. 1904; author of 'Foundations of 
Belief,' 'A Defence of Philosophic Doubt,' and 
other works : son of the late Jas. Maitland 
Balfour, Esq., and of Lady Blanche Cecil, sist. 
of late Marq. of Salisbury ; b. July 25, 1848 ; 
unmrrd. Res., Whittingehame, Frestonkirk, 
Haddingtonsh. ; 4 Carlton Gdns., Pall Mall, S.W. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
Gerald William Balfour, P.C. (Irel. 1895, Gt. 
Br. 1900), M.A., late an M.P. (C.) and Pres. of 
Loc. Govt. Bd., prev. of Bd. of Trade and Chief 
Sec. for Ireland : b. 1853 (younger bro. of pre- 
ceding), mar. 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Lytton, 
dau. of 1st E. of Lytton (Lady Betty Balfour). 
Res., Fishers Hill, Woking, Surrey : 3 Whitehall 

ct., s.w. 

BALFOUR, Lady " Betty," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lytton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of 8th D. of 

^HlFOUR, Lady Helena ("Nina"), dau. of 
10th E. of Antrim. 

BALFOUR, Col. John Edmond Heugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Roy. 1st 

Devon Yeom. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 asA.D.C: 
b. 1863. Res. Sidmouth Manor, Devon : 5B Mount 
St., W. 

BALFOUR of BURLEIGH, Baron. Alex- 
ander Hugh Bruce, 6th Bn. {Scot.) , a Scot. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), 
M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., Lord Warden of the 
Stannaries, a D.L. for Clackmannan, and Chanc. 
of St. Andrews Univ., late Sec. for Scotland 
(with seat in the Cabinet), formerly Pari. Sec. to 
Bd. of Trade, a Lord in Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, and Capt. Highld. Bord. Militia; has 
been Chmn. of four Commssns. : son of the late 
Robert Bruce, Esq., a descendant of4thBn. ; b. 
Jan. 13, 1849; sue. 1869, when the Barony was 
relieved of the attainder under which it had lain 
from 1716 {C.) ; mar. 1876 Lady Katherine Eliza 
Hamilton- Gordon, dau. of 5th E. of Aberdeen. 
Seat, Kennet, Alloa, Clackmannansh. ; town res., 
47 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Scot. 1607.— Sir 
Michael Balfour (Kt.), the 1st Bn.,was Ambassador to 
the Duke of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 
pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of his sister, who 
had married Brig.-Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {6th) Bn.: 
Hon. Mary B., b. 1877. 
Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1875. 
Master of Burleigh, heir to Barony : Hon. Robert 
B., Lieut. 2nd Batt. Argyll and Suthd. Highldrs., 
served in S. Africa 1900-z : b. 1880. 
Hon. George John Gordon B., znd heir, b. 1883. 
Hon. Victoria Alexandrina Katherine £., b. 1898. 

Sist. of present Bn. (advanced to rank of a Bn.'s 
daughter 1870) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1849.) 

Hon. Henrietta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Claud Hamil- 
ton, b. 1850, mar. 1874 the late Claud H. //., Esq. (d. 
1900). Res., Dunmore Pk., Larbert, Stirlingsh. ; 
Cochna, Duntocher, Lumbartonsh, nr. Glasgow. 

BALGONIE, Baron {Scot. 1641), a title of E. of 
Leven and Melville, borne by the heir when a son. 

BALINHARD, Baron ( U.K. 1869) , Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Knight (1). Sir Charles Bent Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1903), M.D., F.R.C.S.I., Reg. Prof, 
of Surg, in Trin. Coll. Dublin and an Hon. Surg, 
to H.M. in Ireld., a memb. of Gen. Med. Counc, 
Surg, to Sir Patrick Dun's Hosp. : b. 1851 (bro. 
of follg.), mar. 1874 Annie Julia, dau. of the late 
Danl. Kinahan, Esq. Res. , 24 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BALL, Knight (2) . Sir Robert Stawell Ball, 
Kt. Bach. (1886), M.A., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E., 
F.R.A.S. (Past Pres.), late Royal Astronomer 
for Ireland, now Lowndean Prof, of Astron. and 
Geom. at Cambridge and Scient. Adviser to 
Commissrs. of Irish Lights, well known as a 
mathematician and astronomer, and also as a 
popular author and lecturer : b. 1840, mar. 1868 
Frances Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele, 
Esq. Res., Observatory, Cambridge. 

BALL, James Dyer, I.S.O. (1908), Ch. Interp. 
to Supr. Ct., Hong Kong. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in 1901 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. Res., 
Hereford House, Kloof St., Cape Town. 

BALLANCE, Charles Alfred, M.V.O. (4th 
Class,igo6), F.R.C.S. and Fell. Roy. Med. Chirurg. 
Soc, Surg, and Lect. to St. Thomas's Hosp. and 
to Nat. Hosp. for Paralysed, Pres. of Med. Soc. 
of Lond., Exam, in Surg, to Lond. Univ., and an 

7 $6 BAL 

Hon. Surg, to H.M. : b. 1856. Res., 106 Harley 
St., W. 

BALL ANT YNE , Knight. Sir Henry Ballon- 
tyne, Kt. Bach. (1906), a leading memb. of the 
Lib. Party in Peeblesh. Res., Minden, Peebles. 

BALLARAT, Bishop of. Et. Eev. Arthur 
Vincent Green, LL.D., 2nd Bishop, late 3rd 
Bishop of Grafton and Armidale, formerly 
Arehdn. of Ballarat and Exam, in Hist, and Polit. 
Econ. to Melbourne Univ. : b. 1857, mar. 1880, 
cons, to Grafton 1894, transl. 1900. Res., Bishops- 
court, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLAED, Henry, C.M.G. (1901), Port Capt. 
and Shipping Master at Durban, Natal : b. 1840. 
Res., Point, Natal. 

EALLINBE1SCH, Baron (Scot. 1458), a title 
of E. of Eothes. 

BALLY, Maj.-Gen. John Ford, C.V.O. (1903), 
E.A. retd. (1905) ; Zululd. 1879, Supt. of Sen. of 
Gunnery 1897-1002, late conidg. E.A. at Gib- 
raltar : b. 1845. 

BALLYMOTE, Baron (Irel. 1628) — see 

Ts*8)£lG Vise." 

BALNIEL, Baron (Scot. 1651)— see " Crawford, 
E. of." 

BALQTJHIDDEE, Viscount {Scot. 1678), and 
BALQHDE., GLEN ALMOND, &c. (1703)— see 
" Atholl, D. of." 

BALEAMPUE— see "Bhagwati." 

BALEATE, Baron AYLMEE de (Irel. 1718) 
— see " Aylmer, Bn." 

BALVAIED, Baron {Scot. 1641), a title of the 
Mansfield Earldom. 

BALVENIE &c, Baron (Scot. 1676) — see 
"Atholl, D. of." 

BALWEAEEE &c, Baron (Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO, Duquesa del— see " Del Ealzo." 

BAM, Knight. Capt. Sir Pieter Canztus van 
Blommestein Bam, Kt. Bach. (1907), M.L.A. of 
Cape Col., Chmn. of Exec. Cmttee. of S. Afr. 
Products Exhibn. 1907, Capt. retd. of Cape Garri- 
son Artill., served in Ecer War: b. 1869. Res., 
Sea Point, Cape TWn. 

BAMBEE, Herbert Kelway, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1906), Major E. Ind. Vol. and Supt. 
Carriage Dept., E. Ind. Eail. : b. 1862. Res., 
HoLtnwood, Lillovah, E. Ind. Eail. 

BAMPEYLDE, family name of Poltimore 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Baronet. Sir Frederick George 
Banbury, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1903), M.P. for City of 
London (C), was many years a partner in Fredk. 
Banbury and Sons, stockbrokers : son of the late 
Fredk. Banbury, Esq., of Shirley; b. 1850, mar. 
1873 Elizabeth Eosa, dan. of the late Thos. B. 
Beale, Esq. Heir, his son Charles William (b. 
1877; no 2nd heir). Seat, Warneford PI., High- 
worth, Swindon ; town res., 41 Lowndes St., 

BANCEOFT, Knight. Sir Squire Bancroft 
Bancroft, Kt. Bach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of the old Prince of Wales's Theatre, af tds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 
as a reader on behalf of charities: b. 1841, mar. 
1867 Marie Efne Wilton, well-known actress. Res., 
White Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea S.O., Kent; 18 
Berkeley Sq., W. 

BANDAEANAIKE, Knight. Sir Don Solo- 
mon Dias Areywickrajia Jayetilleke Senb- 
wiratne Bandaranaike, Kt. Bach. (1907), C.M.G. 
(1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon, Mohandirarn 
of the Governor's Gate, and a native A.D.C. to 


Gov., acted as Extra A.D.C. to H E.H. the Duke 
of York (Prince of Wales) during his visit to 
Ceylon in 1902 : b. 1S62, mar. 18— Daisy Ezline, 
dau. of Hon. S. C. Obeyesekere, M.L.C. Res., 
Horagolla, Vej^angoda, Ceylon. 

BANDINI, Marchese — see " Giustiniani-B." 

BANDINI (GIUSTINIANI-) , family name of 
Newburgh Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and 
" Hons." (See " Giustiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Earl of. James Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl (Irel.), an Irish Eepres. Peer (el. 
1881), K.P. (1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Artill. Mil., was on Staff of D. of Abercorn (Ld. 
Lieut.) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E. ; b. Sept. 12, 1850; 
sue. 1877 (0.) ; mar. 1876 Hon. Georgiana 
Dorothea Harriet Evans-FreJce, dau. of 7th Bn. 
Carbery. Seat, Castle Eernard, Bandon, Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bandon, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
1795; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1S00.— The 1st 
Peer was M.P. for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles successively 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 

Surviving issue of 3rd E. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Aid- 
worth, b. 1O37, mar. 1863 the late Col. liichd. Wm. A. 
(d. i8yg). lies., Newmarket Ct., Newmarket S.O., 
Co. Cork. 

Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ■) Res., 78 

Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1843. > Chester 
Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1844. ) Sq., S.W, 

(Present Earl, b. 1850.) 

Lady Kathleen Frances, now Lady K. Gaussen, b. 
1853, mar. 1885 Alfd. W. Geo. (?., Esq. Res., 3 Wal- 
pole St., Chelsea, S.W. 
Heir pres. to Earldom (a 1st cousin) : 

Capt. Percy Brodricil B., B.A., a D.L. for Co. Gal- 
way, formerly Capt. Roy. Munster Pus. (Mil.), 
once an M.P. (G.) and Priv. Sec. to two Viceroys of 
Ireld. : son of Kt. Kev. the Hon. Chas. B. Bernard, 
Bp. of Tuam; b. 1S44, mar. 1900, 3rd wife, Eva, 
dau. of the late Henry Hoare, Esq. Res., Castle 
Hackett, Tuam, Co. Galway. (2nd heir, his son 
Capt. Ronald Percy Hamilton B., b. 1875.) 

BANDON BEIDGE, Baron (Irel. 1628) — 
see "Cork and 0.,E. of." 

BANE SINGH, H.H. Raja Sir, K.C.I.E. 
(igo3), of Eajgarh, Bhopal. 

BANERJEE, SirGooRooDASS,Kt. Bach. (1904), 
M.A., LL.D., late a Puisne Judge of the High 
Ct. at Fort William, Bengal, and an M.L.C. 
and Vice-Chanc. of Calcutta Univ., has been a 
Prof, or Lect. on Mathematics and Law, and 
memb. of theUnivs. Commssn. : b. 1844, mar. 1861. 
Res., 19 Sastitala Ed., Narikeldanga, Calcutta. 

BANFIELD, Col. Bees John Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), Welsh Regt. retd. (1906), now conidg. 
South Wales, Terr. F. Brigade ; S. Africa 1899- 
1000, late Ch. Staff Offr. at Gibraltar : b. 1850. 

BANGOR, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Watkin 
Herbert Williams, D.D., 72nd Bp., late Archdn., 
Canon Res., and Dean of St. Asaph : son of Sir 
Hugh Williams, 3rd Bt. of Bodelwyddan; b. 
Aug. 22, 1845; mar. 1S79, cons. 1899, ent. Lords 1904 
(C). Res., Glyn garth Palace, Menai Bridge S.O., 
Anglesey ; Pant Eidal, Machynlleth, Montgom. 

BANGOR, Viscount. Henry William Crosbie 
Ward, 5th Vise. (Irel.), an Hish Repres. Peer 
(el. 1885). a D.L. for Co. Down, formerly Capt. 
43rd Regt., served in Kaffir War 1851-3: son of 
3rd V. and bro. of 4th ; b. July 26, 1828 ; sue. 
1881 (G.) ; mar., 1st, 1854, the late Mary, dau. of 
the late Rev. Hy. King (she died i85g) ; 2ndly, 
1874, Elizabeth, dau. of the late Maj. Hugh Eccles. 
Seat, Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Bangor (Down), 1770; Vise. B. 1781, 
—The 1st Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Co. Down. 

Directory of Peerage, 


Titled Relatives. 
( Ward.) 
Issue of present ($th) V.: 

Hen. Karriette Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Waller, 
b. 1856, mar. i33j Maj.-Gen. Jno. Edmd. W. Res. , 
Aughnacloy, Killiney S.O., Co. Dublin. 

The deceased Henry S. Andrew W., b. 1837, d. i860. 

Hon. Kathleen Annette Norah W., b. iS'59. 

Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Kennedy, 
b. i860, mar. 18S3 Roht. Jno. K., Esq., C.M.G., q.v. 

The deceased Mary Henrietta W., b. & d. 186*. 

The late Hon. Edward William Hy. IF., b. 1883, d. 1S87. 

Hon. Emily Georgiana W., b. 1865. 

Hon. Maxwell Richard Orosbie W., heir to Vis- 
county, Maj. R.A., late serving on Staff in Canada, 
and Capt. of Legation Gd., Peking, now an Insfcr. 
in Gunnery, 1st class: b. i358, mar. 1905 Agnes 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Dacre Hamilton, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Ward). Club, Army and Navy. (2nd 
heir, his son Edward Henry Harold, b. 1005.) 
Surviving issue of 3rd V. (bros. 01 present) : 

(The late 4th Viscodnt, b. 1827, d. unmrrd. 1SS1.) 

(Present Viscount, b. 1828.) 

Lt.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew W., C.B. (Mil. 190.5), 
Maj.-Gen. and Hon. Lt.-Gen., served in Crimea, 
retired 1SS6, is Col. Suffolk Regt. : b. 1S31, mar. 
1373, 2nd wife, Laura, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Evan 
Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard IK.). lies., 
Staplccross, Chris tehurch, Hants. 
Capt. Hon. Somerset Richard Hamilton Augusta \V., 
formerly of 17th Foot, served in Crimea and 
Mutiny: b. 1833, mar. 1859 Norah Mary Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Lord George Augusta Hill, son of 
2nd M. of Downshire (Hon. Mrs. Somerset W.). 
Res., Carrowdore Castle, Cunningburn S.O., Co. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. William W. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
late Lt.-Col. Hon. Richd. Hare, bro. of and E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 the late Adm. Hon. Wm. 
Jno. W., of long nav. and diplom. service d. 1900). 
BANKART, Eleet-Surg. Arthur Reginald, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, i8(jS).M.B., R.N., Fell, of Soc. 
of Trop. Medicine and Hygiene, late Surg. Ocean 
Steamship Co., now to Roy. Yacht 'Victoria and 
Albert,' and Hon. Pkys. to H.M. : b. iS53. Club, 
Roy. Socs. 

BANKS, Knight's Widow, remrrd. Lady B. 
Elizabeth Rathbone, dau. of Jno. Elliott, Esq.), 
mar., 1st, 1874, Sir "Win. Mitchell Bauks, M.D., 
Emeritus Prof, cf Anatomy in Univ. Coll., 
Liverpool (d. 1904) ; 2ndly, 1908, Thos. E. 
Barlow, Esq. — retaining title by courtesy. lies., 
The Bungalow, W allasey, Birkenhead ; Rodney 
House, Normanton Avenue, Sefton Pk., Liver- 

BANKS, Maj. Henry John Archibald, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), late Hants. Regt.; S. Africa 1829-1901, 
now an Ordn. Offr. 4th class : b. 1809. 

BANNERMAN, Baroxet. Sir Alexander 
Bannerman, 11th Bt. (Scot. 1682), Maj. R.E.. 
served in S. Africa 1893-1902, now a Gen. Staff 
Offr. 3rd grade at Headqrs. : son of 10th Bt., b. 
1871, sue. 1901. Heir pres., his 2nd cous. once 
rem. the under- mentioned Gen. William B., C.B. 
(2nd heir, latter's son Ma j. Wyndham Philip B., 
b. 1870). Bcs., 45 Pennsylvania, Exeter. 

BANNERMAN", Baronet' s Widow. Lady B. 
(Anne Mary, dau. of the late Richd. Brooke, 
Eso.), mar. 1809 Sir George Bannerman, 10th 
Bt. (d. 1901). Res., with present Bt. 

BANNERMAN, Maj. Arthur D'Arcy 
Gordon, CLE. (1003), LA., a Polit. Agent in 
Rajputana: b. iS55. 

BANNERMAN, Gen. Willi am, C.B. (Mil. 1S87), 
LA. Supemum. List ; Punjab, Persia, Mutiny, 
China, and Afghn., is Col. 104th Wellesley's Rifles : 
b. 1828, heir to above Etcy. (gt. nephew of 6th Bt.) . 
Res., Cheltenham. 

BANTRY, Earldom of [Irel. i8i5)— extinct 
from 1891 at death of 4th E. (surname V/Mte). 

BAR 157 

Surviving Relatives. 
Dans, of 3rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilaun, b. 

1S50, mar. 1S71 1st Bn. A., q.v. 
(The late 4th Earl, b. 1854, d. 1891.) 
Lady Jane Frances Anna, now Lady J. Kenney- 
Herbert, b. 1357, mar. 1C76 Edwd. Maxwell K.-H., 
Esq. Res., Woodford Rd., Ealing, Y7. 

BANTRY, Earl's Widow (mrcrrd.). Countess 
of B. (now by 2nd mrrge. the Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, 1886, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2ndly, 1897— see "Trevor, Bn." 

B ANWAR PAL-see " Karauli." 

BARBADOS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. William 
Proctor Swaby, D.D., F.R.G.S., 5th Bp. (includ- 
ing Windward Is.), late Bp. of Guiana, was Yic. 
of Sundeiid. 1884-93, author of various scient. and 
antiq. publications: b. 1844, cons, to Guiana 1893, 
transl. 1900. Res., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BARBOUR, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1889), K.C.M.G. (1899), late 
Einane. Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on various Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home : b. 1841, 
mar. 1883 Katherine Constance, dau. of the 
late Thos. Gribble, Esq. Res., Tiltwood, Craw- 
ley DownS.O., Sussex. 

BARCLAY, Baronet. Sir David Edward 
Duf.ell Barclay, 12th Bt. {Scot. i653), formerly 
Capt. 19th Hussars, served in Egypt and Soudan: 
son of 11th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1896, mar. 1889 
Letitia ; dau. of Hen. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, 
bro. of 3rd Bn. Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. 
Robert Cecil de Belzim (b. 1802 ; 2nd heir, 
next bro., Colville Adrian de Rune, M.V.O., 
as below). Res., Parkhill, Bagshot, Camberley. 

BARCLAY, Baronets' Widows. (1) Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily, dau. of the late Jas. E. Stacey, 
Esq.), mar. 1872, as 2nd wife, Sir David V/. 
Barclay, lothBt. (d. iSSS).— (2) Louise, Lady B. 
(Melanie Louise, dau. of the late Mons. E. J. de 
Bekim, of Mauritius), mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. 
D. Barclay, 11th Bt. (d. 1890). Res., 6 Avenue 
Marceau, Pari3. 

BARCLAY, Knight (1). Sir George Head 
Barclay, K.C.M.G. (1908), C.Y.O. (1906), Min. 
Plen. at Teheran and Cons. -Gen. for Persia, late 
Couns. of Emb. at Tokio, prev. to Emb. at Buda- 
pest, has held posts at Constantinople, Wash- 
ington, Rome, and Madrid : b. 1862, mar. 1891 
Beatrix Mary Jay, dau. of Hy. G. Chapman, Esq., 
of New York. Res., Brit. Legat., Teheran. 

BARCLAY, Knight (2). Sir Thomas Barclay, 
Kt. Each. (190:), Ph.D., LL.B., memb. of Inst. 
Internat. Law Assoc., has been Exam, in Jurispr. 
to Oxfd. Univ. and. Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of 
Commerce in Paris, was Paris Corresp. of the 
Times 1S75-82, and is author of several works on 
law and of articles in Encyc. Brit., &c. : b. 1853, 
mar. 1877 Marie Therese, dau. of R. Teuscher, 
Esq., M.D., of Rio. Res., 17 Rue Pasquler, 
Paris; 30 Broad St., New York: chamb., 13 Old 
Sq., Line. Inn, W.C. 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cameron, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARCLAY, Colville Adrian de Rune, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late 1st Sec. to Legat. at 
Rio, prev. Councillor Brit. Embassy at Paris : b. 
18S9 (bro. and 2nd heir of above Bt.). Club, 
St. James's. 

BARCLAY, Col. Henry Albert, C.V.O. (1906), 
B.A., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. the King's 
Own Norf. Yeora. and A.D.C. to H.M., a D.L. 
for Norfolk and Surrey : b. 1858. Res., Hanworth 
Hall, Norwich ; The Grange, Cromer. 

Baronetage, Knightage, ccc. 

Directory of Peerage, 


158 BAB 

BARCLAY, Robert Buchanan, I.S.O. (1902), 
late a Gen. Supt. and Insp, Offr. cf Health in 
Loc. Govt. Ed. Scotld. : b. 1843. 

BARHAM, Baron {U.K. 1805)— see " Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BARHAM, Knight. Sir George Barham, Kt. 
Bach. (1904), a C.C. for E. Sussex, Mayor of 
Hampstead 1906, Chrnn. of Dairy Supply Co. 
and of Express Dairy Co., and a memb. of Milk 
Standards Cmttee. of Bd. of Agric. 1900, was 
Pres. of Dairy Confs. in Sweden and Denmark 
1897 : b- 1 836, widower. lies., Snape, Wadhurst 
S.O., Sussex; Sudbury Pk., Harrow ; Danehurst, 
112 Haverstoek Hill, N.W. 

BARING, family name of the Northbrook 
and Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
and Revelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
lines as initialled : 

Hn.Alex.F.St.V.A. Hn. Evelyn, c. Hn. Marj. Mabel.A. 
Hn. Alex. Hy. a. Ly. Evelyn, r Hn. Maurice, r. 
JI11. Alice, n. Hn. Everard, r. Ly. Ulrica, r. 
Hn. AlmaMadel.A.Hn. Eras. Hy. n. Hn. Venetia, a. 
Hn.AngelaMild.A.Hn. Fredk. Arth.A Hn. Violet, a. 
Hn. Aurea Vera, a. Ly. Grace Eliz. n. Hn. Windham, c. 
Hn.CarylDigby,A. Hn. Guy Vict. a. 
Hn. Cecil, r. Hn. Hugo, b. 

The kinship of the four houses is shown by the follg. 
table : 

Sir Fras. Baring, 1st Bt. 

2nd Bt. 1st Ashburton. Hy. Baring. 

I !_ I 

1 I I I 1 

Bn. Nthbk. 2 Ashbn. 3 Ashbn. 1 Rvlstk. Cronaer. 
1st E. of Nthbk. 4 Ashbn. 2 Rvlstk. 

2nd E. of Nthbk. s Ashbn. 

BARING, Viscount (Cf.iT.1876), a title of E. 
of Northbrook, borne by the heir when a son. 

BARING, Hon. Mrs. Nigel, dau. of 2nd Bn. 

BARKER, Knight (1). Col. Sir Francis 
William James Barker, Kt. Bach. (1906), R.A. 
retd. (1898), served in Abyssinia 1867-8 : b. 1841, 
mar. Jessie, dau. of the late Jno. Foster, Esq. 
lies., Essex Lodge, Folkestone. 

BARKER, Knight (2) . Gen. Sir George Digby 
Barker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1900), served in Persia 1857, 
Mutiny, and has been Assist. Dir. of Mil. 
Educn. at Headqrs. and A.A.G. and A.Q.M.G. 
for "West Dist., comd. troops in China 1890-5, 
was Acting Gov. of Hong Kong 1891 and Gov. 
of Bermuda 1896-1902, ret. in latter year, is 
Col. Nth. Staffords. Regt. and a C.C. for W. 
Suffk. : b. 1833, mar. 1902, 2nd wife, Katherine 
Weston, dau. of Edwd. G. Elwes, Esq. Bes., Ihe 
Priory, Clare S.O., Suffolk. 

BARKER, Maj.-Gen. George, C.B. (Mil. 1935), 
Egypt 1882, Bechuanald. 1884-5, late Assist.- 
Insp. of Fortificns. and Insp. of R.E. : b. 1849, 
mar. follg. 1888. Bes., Cardfields, Hatficld- 
Peverel, Witham ; Queen Anne's Mansns., Qn. 
Anne's Gt., S.W. 

BARKER, Hon. Mrs. George, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Addington and wife of preceding. 

BARKER, Col. John Stewart Scott, C.B. (Mil. 
1903), R.A., S. Africa 1899-1902, late an A.A.G. in 
Westn. Dist., now comdg. Presidency Brig. : b. 
1853. Bes., Fort William, Calcutta. 

BARKER, Rayner Childe, CLE. (1889), 
served as Engr. in Burma 1886-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Indo-Europ. 
Telegs. : b. 1858. Bes., Teheran. 

BARKER, Lt.=Col. William Frank, C.M.G. 
(1907), D.S.O. (1900-i), S. African Lt. Horse; 
Boer War 1900-1, Disturbances in Natal, 1906. 
Address^ Box 4444, Johannesburg. 

BARKING, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. Suff. in St. Albans 
Dioc, Archdn. of Essex, prev. Vic. of Saffron 
Walden, Hon. Canon of St. Albans, and Rur. 
Dean of Barking: b. 1842, mar. 18&6, cons. 1901. 
Bes., Barking, Essex. 

BARKLY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Anne 
Maria, dau. of the late Maj.-Gen. Sir Thos. S. 
Pratt, K.C.B.), mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Barkly, G.C.M.G., formerly an M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898). 
Bes., 1 Collingham PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

BARLING, Joseph, I.S.O. (1905), A.I.C.E.,a 
Commissi', of Pub. Serv. Bd., N.S.W. : b. 1839. 
Bes., Branksea, Dulwich Hill, Sydney. 

BARLOW, Baronet of Bradwall. Sir John 
Emmott Barlow, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1907), M.P. for 
Frome Div. (£.), a C.C. for Cheshire, barrister-at- 
law, Sen. Partner in firms of London, Manchester, 
India, fee. : son of the late Thos. Barlow, Esq., 
b. 1857, mar. 1895 the under-mentioned Hon. 
Lady Barlow. Heir, his son John Denman (b. 
1898; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Bradwall, b. 
1900). Seats, &c, Torkington Lodge, nr. Stock- 
port ; Bradwall Hall, Sandbach, Cheshire ; Bryn 
Eirias, Colwyn Ba3 r , Denbighsh. 

BARLOW, Baronet of Fort William. Sir 
Hilaro William Wellesley Barlow, ^th 
Bt. {U.K. 1803), Col. R.A. and Supt. of Roy. 
Laboratory at Woolwich Arsenal : son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1861, sue. 1904, mar. 1891 Victoria Katherine, 
dau. of the late Col. Hugh R. Hibbert. Heir, his 
son Richard Hugh (b. 1904 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
b. 1908). Bes., 84 Shooter's Hill Rd., Black- 
heath, S.E. 

BARLOW, Baronet of London. Sir Thomas 
Barlow, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1902), K.C.V.O. (1901), 
M.D., Hon. D.Sc. and LL.D., F.R.C.P., Prof, of 
Clin. Med. at Univ. Coll. and Phys.? to the Hosp. 
attached, also Phys. to H.M.'s Househd., was 
Phys. Extraord. to Queen Victoria, is author of 
numerous med. works : son of the late Jas. Bar- 
low, Esq., of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar. 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, Esq., 
W.S. Heir, his son James Alan Noel (b. 
1881 ; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas Dalmahoy, b. 
1883). Bes., Boswells, Wendover S.O., Bucks.; 
10 Wimpole St., W. 

BARLOW, Bishop— see "Goulburn." 

BARLOW, Hon. Lady, sist. of 3rd Bn. Den- 
man and wife of above Bt. of Bradwall. 

BARLOW, Vice-Adm. Charles James, D.S.O. 
(1887), Egypt 1882, and Burma 1885-6. ent. R.N. 
1862, has been 2nd in comd. of Home Fleet and 
Adm. Supt. of Devonpt. Dockyd. : b. 1848. 

BARLOW, Maj. Charles Wynn, D.S.O. (1905), 
Essex Regt. ; S. Africa, 1899-1902, Nthn. Nigeria 
1903, now comdg. a Batt. Northn. Nigeria Regt. 
asLt.-Col.: b. 1868. 

BARNABY, Knight. Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1885), Vice-Pres. Inst. Nav. Archi- 
tects, has been Ch. Nav. Archit. and Dir. of Naval 
Construction : b. 1829, mar. 1855 Sarah, dau. of 
Jno. Webber, Esq. Bes., Moray House, Belmont 
Hill, Lee, S.E. 

BARNARD, Baron. Henry De Vere Vane, 
9th Bn. {Eng.), B.A., D.C.L. (Hon.), barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. 
Durh. L.I. (Mil.), formerly in the Charity 
Commissn. and Lieut. N'tbants. Mil. : eon of Sir 
Henry M. Vane and a remote cousin of 8th Bn., 

BAR Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAR 159 

the 4th D. of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles be- 
came extinct at his death with the exception of 
this Barony: b. May 10, 1854; sue. 1891, and 
claim admitted 1892 (L. U.) ; mar. 1881 Lady 
Catherine Sarah Cecil, dan. of 3rd M. of Exeter. 
Seat, Raby Castle, Darlington; town res., 20 Bel- 
grave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnard, Eng. 1698. ^The 1st Bn. was 
the Rt. Hon. Christopher Vane, son of Sir Henry 
Vane, perhaps hest known by the exclamation of 
Cromwell on dissolving the Long Parliament ; after- 
wards treacherously beheaded under Charles II. The 3rd 
Bn. was made Earl of Darlington, and the 3rd Earl 
became Duke of Cleveland— both titles extinct. 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of present (gth) Bn. : 

Hon. Henry Cecil V., heir to Barony, Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Durham L.I. (Spec. Res.), was A.D.C. to 
Lord Ampthill in Madras, : b. 1882. 
Hon. Christopher William V., 2nd heir, b. 1888. 
Hon. Ralph Frederick V., b. 1891. 
Bro. and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' children i8g2) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1854.) 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Renne.ll, b. 1856, mar. 1891 Wm. Blackstone R., Esq. 
iks.,62EatonPl., S.W. 

Hon. William Lyonel V., Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 6th Batt. Durham L.I., late Maj. 1st (line) 
Batt., served in S. Africa 1900-2, is a D.L. for 
Co. Durham : b. 1839, mar. 1904 Lady Katharine 
Louisa PaJcenham, dau. of 4th E. of Longford. 
Res., Thornfield, Darlington. 

— Sists. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V. (Mary, dau. of the late E. B. 
Steedman, Esq ), mar. 1891 the late Rev. the Hon. 
Gilbert Holies Farrer V. (d. 1905). 
Lady Katharine V., wife of Hon. W. Lyonel V. above. 

BARNARD, Knight. Sir Herbert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), F.S.A., a banker, Chmn. Pub. 
"Works Loan Commssn. : b. 1831, mar. 1854 Ellen, 
dau. of the late Wm. Wyndham, Esq., M.P. 
Bes., Burrows- Lea, Shere, Guildford; 23 Port- 
land PL, W. 

BARNARDISTON, Lady Florence, dau. of 
4th E. of Dartmouth (mother of two follg.). 

BARNARDISTON, Col. Nathaniel Walter, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex Regt. ; 
S. Africa 1901-2, has been A.D.C. to Gov. of Ber- 
muda and Mil. Attache to Northn. Cts., now 2nd 
in Comd. Roy. Mil. Coll. : b. 1858. Bes., The 
Ryes, Sudbury, Suffolk, and Camberley. 

BARNARDISTON, Capt. Samuel John 
Barrington, D.S.O. (1900-1), Suff. Regt.; S. 
Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1875 (bro. of preceding). 

BARNBY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Edith 
Mary, dau. of the late Lt.-Col. J. W. Silver- 
thorne), mar. 1878 Sir Jos. Barnby, Conductor 
of the Roy. Choral Soc. (d. 1896). Bes., Ashurst 
Hill, Tunb. Wells. 

BARNE, Lady Constance Adelaide, dau. of 
5th M. of Hertford. 

BARNES, Knight (1). Sir Hugh Shake- 
speab Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), late Lt.-Gov. of Burma, jviv. For. Sec. 
to Ind. Govt., Ch. Commissr. in Baluchistan, 
Resid. in Kashmir, &c, now a memb. of 
Counc. of Sec. for India : b. 1853, mar. 1894, 
2nd wife, Edith Helen, dau. of the late Rev. 
Regd. Barnes. Bes., 8 Hyde Pk. Terr., W. 

BARNES, Priv. Counc. and Knight (2). Rt. 
Hon. Sir John Gorell Barnes, P.C. (Gt. Br. 
1905), Kt. Bach. (1892), M.A., LL.D., is Pres. 
of the Probate and Divorce Ct., and ex officio 
memb. of Ct. of Appeal, appd. Q.C. 1888 : b. 1848, 
mar. 1881 Mary Humpston, dau. of the late 

Thos. Mitchell, Esq., of West Arthurlie. Res., 
Stratford Hills, Stratfd. St. Mary, Suffolk, nr. 
Colchester ; 14 Kensington Pk. Gdns., W. ; 
chambs. 649 Roy. Cts. of Justice, W.C. 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.I.C.E., Ch. Engr. of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900; b. 
1851. Bes., 45 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BARNES, Col. Osmond, C.B. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supemum. List; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
1878-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed Qn. Victoria 
as Empress : b. 1834. Bes., 40 Mount Park Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BARNES, Maj. Reginald Walter Ralph, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), 17th Lancers, Comdt. 2nd Batt. 
Imper. Yeom. in S. Africa 1899-1900, late an 
Instr. in Cav. Sch, and A.D.C. to Vise. Kitchener : 
b. 1871. 

BARNETT, Lady Aline, dau. of 3rd E. of 

BARNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BARNETT, Maj. "William Alexander, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), N. Staffords. Regt.; Zululd. 
1888, and Boer War 1899-1900 : b. 1866. 

BARNEWALL, familv name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

BARNEWALL, Baronet. Sir Reginald 
Aylmer John de Barneval Barnewall, 10th Bt. 
(Irel. 1623 n.s.), son of 9th Bt,, b. (posthumous) 
and sue. 1838. Heir pres., possibly some nephew 
or gt. nephew of 8th Bt. Bes., 23 Cliveden PL, 
Eaton Sq., S.W. 

BARNHAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Cons. -Gen. at Smyrna, prev. Ispahan, and Consul 
at Smyrna, Suakin, Aleppo, &c. : b. 1854. Bes., 
Brit. Consulate-Gen., Smyrna. 

BARODA, the Gaekwar of. H.H. Maharaja 
Sir Sayaji Rao, Bahadur, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chimnabai (H.H. the Maliarani Gaekwar), C.I. 
Bes., Baroda, Western India. 

BARR, Knight (1). Lt.-Col. Sir DavidWilli am 
Keith Barr, K.C.S.I. (1902), LA. Supernum. 
List; served in Abyssinia 1867-8, has been Resid. 
at Hyderabad, Agent to Gov.-Gen. in Centr. 
India, and Res. of Gwalior and Kashmir, now a 
memb. of Counc. of India: b. 1846, mar. 1871 
Constance, dau. of the late Maj. -Gen. J. G. Scott. 
Bes., 40 Evelyn Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

BARR, Knight (2). Sir James Barr, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P., F.R,S.E.,ex-Pres. 
Liverpool Med. Inst., Sen. Phys. L'pool Roy. 
Infirm., Exam, in Med. to L'pool (Clin.) and 
Glasgow Univs. : b. 1849, mar - 1882 Isabella 
Maria, dau. of J. Woolley, Esq. Bes., 72 Rodney 
St., L'pool. 

BARRAN, Baronet. Sir John Nicholson 
Bar ran, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1895), B.A. son of the 
late Jno. Barran, Esq., eld. son of 1st Bt. ; b. 
1872, sue. 1905, mar. 1902 Alice Margarita, dau. 
of the Rev. Leighton Parks, D.D., of New York. 
Heir, his son John Leighton (b. 1904 ; 2nd heir, 
Bt.'s bro. Pbilip Austyn, b. 1876). Bes., Sawley 
Hall, Ripon. 

BARRAN, Baronet's Widow. Eliza, Lady B. 
(dau. of Wm. Brown, Esq., of Helensburgh, and 
widow of Jno. Bilton, Esq.), mar. 1878, 2nd wife 
to 2nd husb., Sir Jno. Barran, 1st Bt., an M.P. 
1876-95 (d. 1905). Bes., Chapel Allerton Hall, 

BARRATT, Lt.-Col. William Cross, D.S.O. 
(1897), I. A.. Soudan 1885, Zhob Valley, Wazir- 
istan, E. Africa 1895-8, China 1900 : b. 1862. 

of Peerage, 


BARRATT (LAYLAND-), Baronet. Sir 
Francis Lagland-Bdrratt, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1908), 
M.P. for Torquay Div. (L.), M.A.. LL.D. ; a 
D.L. and Co. Aid. for Cornwall (High Sheriff 
189-), a Dir. of Ho&barrow Mining 1 Co. : son cf 
tli3 late Fras. Barratt, Esq., b. 1S60, mar. 1SS4 
Frances, dan. of the late Thos. Layland, Esq., 
whose surname he appended to his own by licence 
1394. Seafe, The Manor house, Torquay; Tre- 
garne Lodge, St. Austell; town res., 63 Cadogan 
Bq., S.W. 

BARRETT, Knight. Maj.-Gen. Sir Arthur 
Arnold Barrett, K.C.B. (Mil. 1908), I.A., served 
in Afghn. 1879-80, liazara i833, other Ind. Ex- 
pedns. 1891-1908, now eomdg. Nowshera Brigade 
in India : b. 1857, mar. 1907, 2nd wife, Ella, daU. 
of Hy. Lafone, Esq. Ees., Nowshera, India. 

BARRETT, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Kensington. 

BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundreda, 
dau. of Gth E. of Cavan. 

Alfred, C.M.G. (1901), an Ordn. OS'r. 1st class, 
retd. (1907), late Assist. Dir. of Ordn. Stores at 
Headqrs.; Nile iSg3, S. Africa 1893-1902: b. 1859. 

BAR KINGTON, family name of Viscounty of 
that title, q.v. for " Hons." 

BARRINGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 
Burton Barrington, 5th Bt. {U.K. i83i),M.A.,a 
D.L. for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), Hon. 
Col. Limerick City Artill. Mil.: son of 4th Bt., 
b. 1848, sue. 1890, mar. 1835 Mary Rose, dau. of 
Sir Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. Heir, his son 
Charles Bacon (b. 1902 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Croker, b. 1851). Seat, Gienstal, Newport S.O., 
Co. Tipperary. 

BARRINGTON, Hon. Lady— see follg. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (1) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward Barrington, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late Assist. Under Sec. in For. 
OSlce, in which he served over 40 ye?.xs, has been 
Priv. Sec. to M. of Lansdowne, E. of Iddesleigh, 
and three times to M. of Salisbury : son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington and uncle of present Peer ; b. 
1847 (younger bro. of follg.), mar. 1879 Christina, 
dau. of the late Wm. Graham, Esq. {Ron. Lady 
Barrington). Res., 62 and 72 Cadogan PI., S.W. 

BARRINGTON, Knight (2) and Peer's Son. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon Barrington, 
K.C.M.G. (1901), late Brit. Min. Plen. to Sweden, 
prev. to Argentina and Paraguay, formerly Sec. 
of Emb. at Madrid and Vienna, and Cons*-Gen. 
at Lima and Buda-Pesth, ret. 1904: son of 6th 
Vise. Barrington (see preceding), b. 1842. Bes., 
17s Gt. Cumberland PL, W. 

BARRINGTON, Viscount. Walter Bulkelet 
Barrington, gth Vise. {Irel.), sits as Bn. Shute 
{U.K.); a D.L. and C.C. for Berks., formerly 
Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds. and Capt. Oxfd. Mil. : 
son of 8th V. ; b. April 20, 1848; sue. 1901 (C.) ; 
mar., 1st, 1870, the late Mary Isabella (d. 1903), 
dau. of the late Rev. Riehd. Bogue ; 2adly, 1905, 
Charlotte Mary Levcester, widow of Jno. Arden 
Birch, Esq., and dau. of the late Maj. Geo. M. 
Stopford, R.E., grandson of 3rd E. of Courtown. 
Seat, Beckett, Shriveaham S.O., Berks. ; town res., 
15 Ennismore Gdns., Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creations. Vise, and Bn. Barrington, Irel. 1720 ; Bn. 
Shute, U.K. i83o.— The 1st Peer, whose original name 
was Shute, was M.P. for Berwick-upon-Tweed, but was 
expelled, after promotion to the Irish Peerage, on the 
charge of bavin*? taken part in the Harborough lottery, 
The 6th Viscount represented Berkshire 1837-57; the 7th 
was M.P, for Eye 1866-80 whilst only an Irish peer, but 
obtained the U.K. Barony in the latter year. 

Titled Relative. 
( Barrington.) 
Issue of present {gth) V. : 

lion. Maude Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Eustace Fitz- 
Gerald, b. 1871, mar. iOSg Hon. Eust. Robt. FitzQ., 
son of late Bn. FitzG., q.v. 

Hon. Violet Mary, now Hen. Mrs. Hope Brooke, b. 
1872, mar. 1892 Jno. C. E. Hope B., Esq. Res., The 
Hill, Thorpe-Mandeville, Banbury. 

Hon. William Rec-ixald Shute B., heir to Viscty., 
Capt. 3rd Batt. Ozfordsh. L.I. (Spec. Res.): b. 1873. 
Club, Bachelors'. 

Hon. Hilda Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Reginald 
Curtis, b. 1874, mar. 1894 Lt.-Col. Regd. Salmond 
C, C.M.G., R.E„ q.v. 

Hon. (Walter) Bernard Louis B. , 2nd heir, b. 1876, mar. 
1501 EleaDor Nina, dau. of his Honour Judge 
Sir Thos. W. Snagge (Hon. Mrs. Bernard B.). Res., 
Garden Hill, Totteridge, N. 

Hon. Rupert Edward Selborne B., served in S. 
Africa 1900-t, now Hon. Lieut, in Army : b. 1877, 
mar. 1903 Mary Georgina, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. 
A. and Hon. Mrs. Ferguson (Hon. Mrs. Rupert B.). 
Res., The Kraal, Potchefstroom, Transvaal. 

Hon. Percy Evelyn B., late 2nd Lieut. 2nd Co. of 
ijond. Imper. Yeom., b. i384, mar. 1908 Muriel Con- 
stance, dau. of Mr. and Mrs. I. B. Oyler, of Cor- 
doba, Argentine. 
Issue of 8th V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Alice Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. George Campbell, 
b. 1846, mar. 1868 Geo. Aug. C, Esq. Res., The 
Market House, Brackiey, N'thants. ; 46 Wilton 
Cresc, S.W. 

(Pkesent Viscount, b. 1848.) 

Hon. Edith, now Hon. Mrs. Abraham Robarts, b. 
1850, mar. 1S09 Abrm. Jno. R., Esq. Res., Tile 
House, Buckingham ; 29 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
Issue of ith V. (1st cousins of present) : 

Hon. Constance Mary, now the Dow. Lady Hal- 
don (q.v.t, b. 1847, mar. 1868 Lawrence H. Palk, 
Esq., aftds. 2nd Bn. H. (d. 1903). 

Hon. Evelyn Laura, now Dow. Ctss. of Craven (q.v.), 
b. 1848, mar. XS67 3rd Earl of C. (d. 1883). 

Hon. Florence B., a Sist. of the Community of 
St. Mary the Virgin, Wantage, b. 1850. Res., St. 
Anne's Mission House, Delamere Terr. , W. 
Surviving issue of Gth V. (uncles and aunts of pres.) : 

(The late 7th Viscount, b. 1S24, d. 1886.) 

(The late 8th Viscount, b. 1825, d. 1901.) 

Hon. Mary Frances, now Hon. Mrs. Alfred Sar- 
tor is, b. 1830, mar. 1850 Aifd. S-, Esq. Res., 17 
Queen's Gt. PL, S.W. 

Hon. Caroline Susan Augusta, now Dow. Ctss. of 
Normanion (q.v.), b. 1834, mar. 1856 3rd Earl of N. 
(d. i3o6). 

Hon. Augusta Anne, now Hon. Mrs. William 

Maclagan, b. 1836, mar. 1878, as 2nd wife, the Most 

Rev. Wm. Dalrymple M., Abp. of York, q.v. 
Hon. Sir William Augustus Curzon B., K.C.M.G., 

b. 1842— see " Barrington, Kt. (2)." 
Hon. Sir (Bernard) Eric Edward 5..K.C.B., b. 1347 

—see " Barrington, Kt. (x)." 
Dau.-in-lavj of 5th V. (gt. aunt of present) : 

Hon. Mrs. Henry B. (Mary Georgiana, dau. of the 

late Capt. Wright Knox), mar. 1848 the late Hon. 

Henry Fredk. Fras. Adair B. (d. 1882). Res., 

Trimley S.O., Suffolk. 

BARRINGTON, Charles George, C.B. (Civ. 
18S7), Gent. Usher of the Scarlet Rod (to Order of 
the Bath), formerly Assist. Sec. to Treasury and 
And. of Civ. List : b. 1827 (grandson of 5th 
Vise). Bes., 194 Ashley Gdns., Westmr., S.W. 

BARRON, Maj.-Gen. Harrv, C.V.O. (1907), 
formerly Ch. Instr. in Sch. of Gunnery, late 
comdg. Artill. Brigade, Malta : b. 1847. 

BARROW, Baronet. Sir Francis Laurence 
John Barrow, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1S35), son of 3rdBt., 
b. 1862, sue. 1900, mar. 1890 Winifred Sarah, 
dau. of the late Wm. C. Steward, Esq. Heir, his 
son Wilfrid John Wilson Croker (b. 1897; 
2nd heir, next son, Alfred Francis Lendon, b. 
1904). Bes., Catherington, Hillborough Cresc, 

*#* The 1st Baronet, Sir Jno. Barrow, a distinguished I 
traveller and author, was Secretary to the Acuniralty ! 
and founder of the Royal Geographical Society. j 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 



BARROW, Bjronet's "Widow. Dowager 
Lady B. (Emily Jane, dau. of the late Jas. N. 
Merriman, Esq., M.D.), mar. 1857 Sir John Croker 
Barrow, 3rd Bt. (d. 1900). Res., Jesmond Dene, 
Christchureh Rd., Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

BARROW, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Edmund 
George Barrow, K.C.B. (Mil. 1901), I. A., Col. 
7th Rajputs, served in Afghanistan 1S79, Egypt, 
Tirah 1897, and as Ch. Staff Offr. in China, 
late Mil. See. to Govt, of India, now comdg. 
Southern Army: b. 1852, mar. 18S2 Marion 
Letitia, dau ; of the late Rev. W. Story. 

BARROW, Oscar Thorne, C.S.I. (1507), 
Comptr. and Aud. Gen. of India, formerly Aect.- 
Gen. of Bengal and of Bombay: b. 1854. Res., 

BARROW-in-FURNESS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
Henry Ware, D.D., Bp. Suff. in Carlisle Dice, 
and Canon of Carlisle, formerly Vic. and Rur. 
Dean of Kirkby Lonsdale : b. 1830, cons. 1889, 
mar. 1887, 2nd wife. Res., The Abbey, Carlisle ; 
How Foot, Grasmere S.O., Westmd. 

BARRY, Baronet. Sir Edward Arthur 
Barry, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1899), Baron de Barry in 
Portugal, Maj. Berks. Yeom. Regt., was High 
Sheriff of the Co. 1907 : son of 1st Bt., b. 1858, 
sue. 1907, mar. 1891, 2nd wife, Eleanor Margaret, 
dau. of Col. Courtenay H. S. Scott. Heir, his son 
Claude Francis (b. 1883 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Edward Courtenay Tress, b. 1895). Seats, Ock- 
wells Manor, Bray, Maidenhead ; Hill Head 
House, Hants. (/ post-town); town res., 1 Sth. 

BARRY, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Sarah Douglas, dau. of the late Arthur 
Herron, Esq.), mar. 1851 Sir Francis Tress Barry, 
formerly an M.P. (d. 1907). 

BARRY, Bishop. Rt. Rev. Alfred Barm, 
D.D., D.C.L., late 3rd Bp. of Sydney (1884-9), 
Being also Metropol. of N.S. Wales and Primate 
of Australia, &c. (then styled "Most Rev."), prev. 
Princ. of Bang's Coll. London and Canon of West- 
minster, now Canon of Windsor and Bp. Assist, 
to Bp. of London: b. 1826, mar. 1851. Res., 
The Cloisters, Y/indsor Castle. 

BARRY, Knight (1). Sir John Edmond Barry, 
Kt. Bach. (1899), formerly a merchant in Dublin 
and Wexford, three times Pres. of Dublin 
Chamb. of Commerce, was on Dublin Port and 
Docks Bd. 1867-98 and 1899-1903, is a merab. of 
Bd. of Superintendence Dublin Hosps. and Gov. 
of Royal Hibem. Mil. Soli. : b. 1828, mar. 1849 
Teresa, dau. of the late Jno. Kecfe, Esq. Res., 
12 Mount joy Sq., Dublin. 

BARRY, Knight (2)— see "Barry (Wolfe-)." 

BARRY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Eliza- 
beth Annie, dau. of the late Rev. H. J. Maltby), 
mar. 1881 the late Vice-Adm. Sir H. D. Barry, 
K.C.V.O. (d. 1908). 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. Charles, sist. of 4th Yisc. 

BARRY, Lady Grace, dau. of 7th E. of 

BARRY, Hon. Mrs. James David, dau. of 4th 
Bn. Clanmorris. 

BARRY, Maj. Stanley Leonard, D.S.O. 
(lgoo-i), late 10th Hussars and Assist. Mil. Sec. 
to Lt.-Gen. Sir J. D. P. French ; S. Africa 1S99- 
1902, now a Brig.-Maj. : b. 1873 (a bro. of above 
Bt.). Res., 94 Eaton PL, S.W. 

BARRY (SMITH-), family name of Barry- 
more Barony, q.v. for Hon. Dorothy. 

BARRY (SMITH-), Lady Charlotte Jane, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Enniskillen. 

BARRY (WOLFE-) Knight. Sir John Wolfe 
Wolfe-Barry, K.C.B. (Civ. 1897), V.D., Hon. 
LL.D.,F.R.S.,F.Roy. Last., M.I.C.E. (Past Pres.), 
M.I.M.E., Vice-Pres. of Counc. Soc. of Arts, a 
D.L. for Co, London, Aid. of Westmr., Engr. of 
the Tower Bridge, Blackfriars Rail. Bridge, Kew 
Bridge, the Barry Docks, &c. ; completed the 
Inner Circle Rail, and built St. Paul's Sta- 
tion ; Consg. Engr. to the Barry, ICaledonian, 
Metrop., and other Rails., and to Bombay and 
Durban Port Trusts, Chmn. Eastern and other 
Teleg. Cos., Brit. Repres. on Suez Canal Com- 
mssn., and a memb. of numerous Home Com- 
mssns. ; late .Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Engr. and 
Rail. Vol. Staff Corps ; is a memb. of War Rail. 
Counc., a Crown Memb. of Senate Lond. Univ. 
(re-appd. for four years from May 1907) : son of 
the late Sir Chas. Barry, R.A., b. 1836, mar. 1874 
Rosalind Grace, dau. of the late Rev. E. E. Row- 
sell; assumed the surname Wolfe 1898. Res., 
Balmains, Stanley S.O., Perthsh. ; 23 Delahay 
St., Westminster, S.W. 

BARRYMORE, Baron. Arthur Hugh 
Smith-Barry, 1st Bn. (U.K.), P.C. (Irel. 1896), 
a D.L. and Co. Aid. for Hunts., was High Sheriff 
of Cheshire 1883 and Cork 1886, is a D.L. for 
latter Co. also, late an M.P., and has been 
Chmn. of Nat. Union of Conserv. Assocs. : son of 
the late Jas. Hugh Smith-Barry, Esq., and a 
descendant of 4th E. of Barrymore (extinct line) ; 
b. Jan. 17, 1843; cr. Bn.1902 (C); mar., 1st, 1868, 
the late Lady Mary Frances Wyndham-Quin (d. 
1884), dau. of 3rd E. of Dunraven; 2ndly, 1839, 
Elizabeth, dau. of the late Gen. Jas. Wadsworth, 
of New York, and widow of Arthur Post, Esq. 
No heir. Seats, Fota Island, Queenstown, Co. 
Cork ; Marbury Hall, Northwich, Cheshire ; town 
res., 20 Hill St., Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Barrymore, 1902.— An Irish 
Earldom of Barrymore existed from 1628 till 1324. The 
present Baron is descended from the youngest son of the 
4th Earl, his grandfather having been a natural son of 
a grandson of that Peer. The compound name was 
assumed T}y royal licence in 1S21 by the present Baren's 
grandfather for himself, his issue, and brothers and 



Hon. Geraldine, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Overend, b. 
. 1869, mar. 1893 the late Henry B. Letham 0., Esq. 
(d. 1904). 

The deceased James Hugh S.-B., b. 1S70, d. 1871. 


Hon. Dorothy Elizabeth S.-B., b. 1894. 

BARTER, Col. Charles St. Leger, C.V.O. 
(1904), C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late comdg. 2nd Yorks. 
L.I. ; Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
1901, was Mil. Sec. to High Commissi-. 1894-5, late 
A.Q.M.G. Welsh and Midld. Comd.: b. 1856. 
Club., U. Serv. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Maj. Hugh John, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 

BARTLETT, Maj. Edwin, D.S.O. (1902), late 
N.Z. Mtd. Rifles ; S. Africa 1900-2. 

BARTLETT, Herbert FolgerstrOm, I.S.O. 
(1302), Contr. of Stamps and Registrar of Jt. 
Stk. Comps., late Sec. to Bd. Inld. Rev. : b. 1847. 
Res., 22 Cedars Rd., Clapham Co m mon, S.W. 

BARTLETT (ASHMEAD-), Knight's Widow. 
Lady A.-B. (Frances Christina, dau. of Hy. E. 
Walsh, Esq.), mar. 1874 Sir Ellis Ashmead- 
Bartlett, M.P. (d. 1902). Res., Gfange House, 
Eastbourne; 2 Queen's Gt. Terr., S. Kens., S.W. 




Directory of Peerage, 


BARTLEY, Knight. Sir George Christopher 
Trout Bartley, K.C.B. (Civ. 1902), late an M.P. 
(C), founder of the Nat. Penny Bank and author 
of pamphlets on Thrift, formerly Sci. Exam, at 
8. Kens. : b. 1842, mar. 1864 Mary Charlotte, dau. 
of the late Sir Hy. Cole, lies., St. Margaret's 
House, 57 Victoria St., S.W. 

BARTON, Knight (1). Maj.-Gen. Sir Geoffry 
Barton, K.C.V.O. (1906), C.B. (Mil. 1889), C.M.G. 
(1901), served in Ashanti 1873-4, S. Africa 1879, 
Egypt, &c, has been Assist. Mil. Sec. in China, 
late A.A.G. in Thames and N.W. Dists., comd. 
6th Brig-, in Boer War 1899-1902, ret. 1904, is Col. 
Roy. Fus. : b. 1844, mar. 1890 Beryl, dau. of Col. 
Edwd. P. Mackenzie. lies., Alton House, Alton, 

BARTON, Knight (2). Sir John George 
Barton, Kt. Bach. (1902), C.B. (Civ. 1900), M.I.C.E., 
Fell. Inst, of Surveyors, Commissr. for Valuation 
in Ireld., formerly Bd. of Trade Arbitrator for Lt. 
Rails, there : b. 1850. Res., Altan Grange, Fox- 
rock, Dublin ; Valuation Office, Ely PL, Dublin. 

BARTON, Priv. Counc. and Knight (3). Rt. 
Hon. Sir Edmund Barton, P.C. (Gt. Br. 1901), 
G.C.M.G. (1902), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L., late 
Prime Minister of the Australian Federation 
(first to hold the office), now Sen. Puisne Judge of 
Federal High Ct. , was Attorn. -Gen. inN.S. "Wales 
1889 and 1891-3 and Speaker Leg. Assemb. 1883-7, 
appd. Q.C. 1889: b. 1849, mar. ^77 Jean Mason, 
dau. of David Ross, Esq. i?es.,Elystan, Woollahra, 
Sydney, N.S.W. 

BARTON, Maj. Charles Gerard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Roy. Lane. Regt. retd. ; S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. i860. Res., HatSeld-Bury, Witham, 

BARTON, Capt. Charles Walter, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N'thants. Regt.; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
Somalild. 1903-4, now with King's Afr. Rifles : b. 

BARTON, Francis Hickman, CM G. (1905), 
formerly W. Ind. Regt., late Admin, of Govt, in 
Brit. New Guinea : b. 1865. 

BARTON, Col. Maurice Charles, D.S.O. 
(1899), R.E. retd. (1905) ; Afghn. 1878-9, Akha 
1883-4, Burma 1885-7, Isazai, Chitral Relief, and 
N.W. Front. 1897-8 : b. 1852. 

BARTON, Hon. Mrs. Thomas, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet. Sir Walter Bal- 
four Barttelot, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1875), Lieut. Cold- 
strm. Gds., served in S. Africa 1899-1902, partly as 
an A.D.C. : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1880, sue. 1900, mar. 
1903 Gladys St. Aubyn, dau. of Capt. Wm. C. An- 
gove, R.N.R. Heir, his son Walter de Stop- 
ham (b. 1904 ; 2nd heir, next son, William 
Frederick Geoffrey Nelson, b. 1905). Seat, 
Stopham House, Pulborough S.O., Sussex ; toivn 
res., 10 Berkeley Sq., W. 

BARTTELOT, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). 
Lady B. (Georgiana Mary, dau. of the late Geo. 
Edmd. Balfour, Esq., of Sidmouth), mar., 1st, 
1879, Maj. Sir Walter G. Barttelot, 2nd Bt. (d. on 
service in S. Africa, 1900) ; 2ndly, 1902, Beville 
Molesworth St. Aubyn, Esq .—retaining title. 
Res., Toat Farm, Pulborough S.O., Sussex. 

B ASHY AM— see "Aiyangar, Sir Bhashyam." 

BASING, Baron. George Limbrey Sclater- 
Booth, 2nd Bn. (U.K.), C.B. (Mil. 1902), B.A., 
a D.L. for Hants., late Col. comdg. 1st Drgns., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902 : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. Jan. 1, i85o; sue. 1894(C); mar. 1889 the late 
Maiy (d. 1904), dau. of the late Jnb. Hargreav'es, 

Esq. Seat, Hoddington House, Winchfield, 
Hants. ; club, Nav. and Mil. 

Creation. Bn. Basing, U.K. 18S7.— The ist Bn. was 30 
j r ears M.P. for Hants., and held several Ministerial 
offices, including that of President of the Local Govern- 
ment Board ; was also F.R.S. He was the son of Wm. 
Lutley Sclater, and assumed in 1357 the additional name 
of Booth. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. John Limbrey Robert S.-B., heir to Barony, 

b. 1890. (and heir, his uncle Hon. Charles.) 
Hon. Joan Penelope S.-B., b. 1S92. 
Hon. Lydia Joyce S.-B., b. 1898. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of pres.) : 
(Present Baron, b. i860.) 

Hon. Charles Lutley S.-B., barrister-at-law, b. 1862, 

mar. 1900 Ellen Geraldine, dau. of Geo. Jones, 

Esq., of Mitton Manor, Staffs., and widow of W. 

Tudor Frere, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Charles S.-B.). Res., 

Old Basing House, Basingstoke, Hants. 
Hon. Walter Dashwood S.-B., Maj. R.F.A., b. 1869. 

Glub^ Army and Navy. 
Hon. Theodora Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Remington 

White-Thomson, mar. 1889 Rem. Walter W.-T.. 

Esq. Res., 39 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 
Hon. Penelope Magdalen, now Hon. Mrs. Charles 

Bovill, mar. 1886 Chas. A. B., Esq. Res., Smeeth 

Paddocks, Ashford, Kent. 
Hon. Lydia Katharine, now Hon. Mrs. Frank 

Walkinshaw, mar. 1S93 Frank W., Esq. Res., 

Hartley Grange, AVinchfield, Hants. 
Hon. Eleanor Birch, now Hon. Mrs. Wilson Fox, 

mar. 1898 Hy. Wilson F, Esq. Res., 4 Halkin St., 

Belg. Sq., S.W. 
Hon. Amy Cicely, now Hon. Mrs. Francis Marshall, 

mar. 1893 Fras. M., Esq. Res., 2 Chesham PL, S.W. 

BASS, family name of Burton Barony. No 
issue of the name. (For Hon. Mrs. Eamar B., 
now Shaw, see " Bagot," 3rd Bn.) 

BASS, Lady (Wilmot Ida) Noreen, dau. of 
13th E. of Huntingdon. 

BATE, Col. Thomas Elwood Lindsay, CLE. 
(1902), I.M.S., Insp.-Gen. of Prisons in Punjab, 
formerly Civ. Surg, at Gujerat : b. 1852. Res., 
Lahore, Punjab. 

BATEMAN, Baron. William Spencer Bate- 
ma?i-H anbury, 3rd Bn. (U.K.), formerly Capt. 
2nd Life Gds., served in Egypt 1882: son of 2nd 
Bn.; b. Sept. 30, 1856; sue. 1901 (C); mar. 1904 
Marion Alice, widow of Henry Cabot Knapp, Esq., 
and dau. of Jas. J. Graham, Esq., of New York. 
Seat, Shobdon Ct., Shobdon S.O., Herefordsh. 

Creation. Bn. Bateman, U.K. 1837.— An Irish Viscty. 
of Bafcernan having become extinct, Wffliam Hanbury, 
who succeeded to the estates and assumed the additional 
surname of Bateman, was awarded this U.K. Barony. 

Titled Relatives. 
(Bateman-Hanb ury.) 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bro. and sists. of pres.) : 
Hon. Maud Frances, now Hen. Mrs. Archibald 
Parker, b. 1855 mar. 1890 Rev. the Hon. Archib. P., 
son of 6th E. ot Macclesfield, q.v. 
(Present Baron, b. 1850.) 

Hon. Gertrude Emily, now Hon. Mrs. John Wood 
b. i860, mar. 1892 Jno. ir., Esq. Res., Hengrave 
Hall, Bury St. Ednids. ; Whitfield, Glossop, 

Hon. Agnes Rosamond B.-H., b. 1866. 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Hon. Mrs. Mark Hovcll, 
b. 1870, mar. 1905 T. Mark II., Esq. Res., 105 
Harley St., W. 

Hon. Rachel Anne Selina Decima, now Hon. Mrs 
Hill Wood, b. 1G75, mar. 1899 Saml. Hill W., Esq. 
Res., Moorfield, Glossop, Derbysh.: Oakley pk , 
Suffolk, Scole S.O. 

Hon. Charles Stanhope Melville B.-H., heir 
pres. to Barony, a D.L. for Norfolk and Nor- 
wich. Capt. NOif. T.mfc. Yeom. : b. 1877. Res., 
Breckels Hall, Attlelmrough, Norfolk. (2nd heir, 
his uncle Hon. Spencer Canbury.) 

BAT Baronetage, Knightage, &c. BAT 163 

Issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of present) : 

Hon. Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Why te- Melville- 
Duncan,b. 1825, mar. 1890, 2nd husb., Leslie Eraser 
Duncan, Esq., who in 1903 assumed the additl. 
nameisof her pre v. husb. Res., 54 Upper Brook 

(The late 2nd Baron, b. 1826, d. 1901.) 

Hon. Chas. Spencer Bateman-Hanbury-Kincaid-Len- 
nox ("Hon. Spencer Hanbury"), M.A., a D.L. for 
Co. Hereford, late also Stirling, formerly Capt. 2nd 
Life Gds., A.D.C. to Lord Lieut, of Ireld. (E. of 
Eglinton), and an M. P. (C.) ; assumed addit. names 
of Kincaid-Lennox 1862 ; b. 1827, mar., 1st, 1861, 
Dow. Vctss. Strangford (d. 1892) ; 2ndly, 1893, Rosa, 
dau. of the late Boyd Alex. Cuninghame, Esq. 
(Hon. Mrs. Spencer Hanbury). Res., 63 Montagu 
Sq., W. 

Rev. the Hon. Arthur Allen B.-H., M.A., Preb. of 

Hereford : b. 1829, widower. Res., The Rectory, 

ShobdonS.O., Herefs. 
Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, now The Lady Northwick 

(q.v.), b. 1832, mar. 1869, 2nd husb., the late 3rd 

and last Bn. Northwick (d. 1887). 
Hon. Louisa Catherine, now Hon. Mrs. de Vismes 

Kane, b. 1837, mar. 1903, 2nd wife to 2nd husb., 

Wm. P. de Vismes K., Esq. Res., Drumreaske 

House, Monaghan. 

BATEMAN, Baron's "Widow. The Dowager 
Lady B. (Agnes Burrell, dau. of Gen. Sir Edwd. 
Kerrison, 1st Bt., G.O.H., K.C.B.), mar. 1854 2nd 
Bn. Bateman (d. 1901). Ees., Oakley Pk., Suffk., 
Scole S.O. ; Brome Hall, Eye, same Co. 

BATEMAN, Knight. Sir Alfred Edmund 
Bateman, K.C.M.G. (1900), F.R.S.S. (Pres. 1897), 
baraster-at-law, Joint Manager of Imper. Inst., 
late Chmn. of Bd. of Trade Advisory Cmttee. 
on Commerc. Intell., prev. Comptr.-Gen. to that 
Dept. ; has been Sec. or Brit. Deleg. to various 
Commssns. &c. : b. 1844, mar. 1868 Edith Ellen, 
dau. of the late Jas. E. Hobson, Esq. Res., Wood- 
house, Wimbledon Pk., S. W. 

BATEMAN, Edward Louis, C.B. (Civ. 1898), 
B.A., barrister-at-law, late Assist.-Sec. to Eccle- 
siast. Commissrs. : b. 1834. Res., Rowditch 
Lodge, Derby ; 47 Duke Street, St. James's, S. W. 

BATEMAN, Hon. Mrs. John, aunt of present 
E. of Lathom. 

BATEMAN-SCOTT, Lady (or " Bateman and 
Scott ")— see " Scott, Bt.'s Wid. of Gt. Barr." 

BATES, Baronet. Sir Percy Elly Dates, 4th 
Bt. {U.K. 1880), son of 2nd Bt. and bro. of 
3rd, b. 1879, sue. 1903, mar. 1907 Mary Ann 
Lefroy Lefroy, dau. of the Dean of Norwich. 
Heir pres., his bro. Cecil Robert, Lieut. R.A. 
(b. 1882 ; 2nd heir, next bro., Frederie Alan, b. 
1884). Seats, Gyrn Castle, Mostyn S.O., Flints. ; 
Beechenhurst, Allerton, Liverpool. 

BATES, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance Elizabeth, dau. of the late Saml. B.Graves, 
Esq., M.P.), mar. 1876 Sir Edwd. Percy Bates, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1899). Res., with present Bt. 

BATES, Col. Charles Loft as, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col. Northumbd. Yeom. ; 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1863. Ees., The Spital, 
Hexham. N'thumb. 

BATESON ( DE- YARBURGH-) , family name 
of Deramore Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BATH, Marquess of. Thomas Henry Thynne 
(pron. Thin), 5th Marq. {Gt. Br.) and a Bt., M.A., 
Lord Lieut, of Somersetsh., Lt.-Col. comdg. and 
Hon. Col. Boy. Wilts. Yeom., late Under Sec. 
tor India, prev. an M.P. (as Vise. Weymouth) : 
son of 4th M. ; b. July 16, 1862 ; sue. 1896(C) ; mar. 
1890 Violet Caroline, dau. of Sir Chas. Mordaunt, 
10th Bt. Seat, Longleat, Warminster, Wilts. ; 
town res., 29 Grosvenor Sq., W. 

Creations. Eng. ; A Bt. 1641 ; Vise. Weymouth and 
Bn. Thynne, 16S3. Gt. Br. : M. of Bath, 1789.— The and 
Bfc.,who was several years in Parliament, was created 

Vise. Weymouth ; the 3rd Vise, who had married a 
daughter of the 2nd Duke of Portland, obtained the 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {5th) M. : 

Lady Alice Kathleen Violet T., b. 1891. 
Lady Emma Marjory T., b. 1893. 
Vise. Weymouth, heir to Marquessate: John Alex- 
ander T., b. 1895. 
Lady Mary Beatrice T., b. 1903. 
Lord Henry Frederick T., 2nd heir, b. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 4th 11. (bro. and sists. of pre- 
sent) : 

(Present Marquess, b. 1862.) 

Lady Alice Emma, now Lady A. Shaw-Stewart, b. 
1864, mar. 1S83 Sir (Mich.) Hugh S.-S., M.P., 8th Bt., 

Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa, now Ctss. of 
Cromer, b. 1865, mar. 1901, as 2nd wife, 1st Earl of 
C, q.v. 

Lady Beatrice T., b. 1867 (twin with dec. bro. Ld. 

Lord Alexander George T., Capt. Roy. Wilts. Yeom. 
served in S. Africa 1900-2, late L.C.C. : b. 1877. 
Res., is Manchester Sq., W. ; 13 King's Bench 
Walk, Temple, E.C. 

Dau. of 3rd 31. (aunt of present) : 

(The late 4th Marquess, b. 1831, d. 1896.) 
Lady Louisa Isabella Harriet, now Lady L. Feilding, 
b. 1834, see "Feilding, Kt."s Wid." 

— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Ulrica Frederica Jane T., n4e St. Maur, dau. of 
12th D. of Somerset, K.G.,b. 1833, mar. 1858 the late 
Rt. Hon. Ld. Henry Fredk. (d. 1904). Res., 
Muntham Ct., Worthing ; 30 Grosvenor Gdns., S.AV. 

BATH, Marquess's Widow. Dowager Mar- 
chioness of B., ne'e Hon. Frances Isabella 
Catherine Vesey, dau. of 3rd Vise, de Vesci, b. 
1840, mar. 1861 4th M. of Bath (d. 1896). Res., 15 
Manchester Sq., W. 

BATH, Engr.-Com. George Clark, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1908), R.N. 

BATH and WELLS, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. 
George Wyndham Kennion, D.D., 70th Bp., 
York Dioc. Insp. of Schools 1871-3, Vic. of All 
Saints, Bradford, 1876-^2 and Bp. of Adelaide 
1882-94, has also been Lect. in Pastoral Theol. and 
Ramsden Preacher at Cambridge : b. 1845, cons. 
1882, transld. 1894, ent. Lords 1899 {Indep.), mar. 
1882. Ees., The Palace, Wells, Somerset. — Assist. 
Bishop, see " Stirling." 

BATHURST, family name of Earldom of that 
title, q.v. for "Hons." and Lady Meriel, see also 

BATHURST, Bishop of. Bt. Rev. Charles 
Edward Camidge, D.D., 2nd Bp., formerly Vic. 
and Rur. Dean of Thirsk, Rect. of Wheldrake, 
and Preb. and Canon of York, twice el. Proctor 
of Convocn. : b. 1838, cons. 1887, mar. 1863. 
Ees., Bishop's Ct., Bathurst, N.S.W. 

BATHURST, Earl. Seymour Henry Bathurst, 
7th Earl (Gt.Br.), C.M.G.(igo2), a D.L. and C.C. 
for Gloucestersh., late Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. 
Col. 5th Batt. Glouc. Regt. (Territ. Inf.), served in 
S. Africa 1900 : son of 6th E. ; b. July 21 , 1864 ; sue. 
1892 ((7.) ; mar. 1893 Lilias Margaret Frances 
Borthwick, dau. of Bn. Glenesk. Seat, Cirencester 
House, Cirencester; town res., 22 Bruton St., W. 

Creations. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bathurst, 1712 ; Bn. Apsley, 
1771 ; Earl Bathurst, 1772 — Allen Bathurst, M.P., son 
of Sir Benj. Bathurst, Cofferer to Queen Anne, was made 
Bn. and Earl Bathurst, whilst his 2nd son, who became 
Lord Chancellor and eventually succeeded his father, 
was on his appointment created Bn. Apsley. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (fill) E. : 

Lady Meriel Olivia B., b. 1894. 

N 2 

1 64 BAT Directory 

Lord Apsley, heir to Earldom : Allen Algernon B., 
b. 1895. 

Hon. Vv illiam Ralph Seymour B., 2nd heir, b. 1903. 
Hon. Ralph Henry B., b. 1904. 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (bros., sist., and half- 
sist. of present) : 


Lady Georgina Meriel, now Lady Georgina Buchanan, 
b. 1863, mar. 1885 Sir George Win. B., K.C.V.O., a., v. 
(Present Earl, b. 1S64.) 

Hon. Lancelot Julian B,. b. iC63. Res., 41 Lowndes 
Set., S.W., with Gtss. below. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin B., late an M.P. (C), 
Lt.-Ccl. coradg. sth Batt. Gloue. Regt., served 
in 8. Africa 1900, was Parliam. Priv. Sec. (unpaid) 
to Lord Londonderry when Postmr.-Gen. : b. 1872, 
mar. 1902 Augusta Ruby, dau. of Lord Edward 
Spencer-Churchill, son of 6th D. of Marlborough 
(Hon. Mrs. Benjamin B.). Res., Dyer Street House, 


Lady Evelyn Selina, now Lady E. Lister, b. 187s, 
mar. 1S98 the late Maj. Geo. Coryton L., son of Sir'!. 
"Villiers Lister, K.O.M.G. (d. 1903!. Res., Armitage 
Hill, Ascot ; 50 Warwick Sg., S.W. 

BATHURST, Eael's Widow. Evelyn, 
Countess B. (Evelyn Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. J. B. 
Hankey, Esq.), mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl 
Bathurst (d. 1892). Bes., St. Hilda, Sea View, 
Byde, I.W. ; 41 Lowndes Sq., S.W. 

BATHUEST, Eon. Mrs. Chaeles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ludlow. 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Baronet. Sir 
Eeedeeick Edwaed William Hervey-Bathurst, 
5th Bt. {U.K. 1818), Capt. Gren. Gds. retd. (1906), 
served in Nile Expedn. 1898 and in S. Africa 
igoo : son of 4th Bt., b. 1870, sue. 1900, mar. 
igol the under-mentioned Hon. Lady Hervey- 
Bathurst (of 4 Luke St., Manchester Sq.,W.). 
Heir, bis son Erederick Peter Methuen 
(b. 1903; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Felton Bainald 
George, b. 1871 ) . Seat, Sombome Pk., Stockbridge 
S.O., Hants. 

BATHUEST (HERVEY-), Baronet's Widow. 
Dowager Lady H.-B. (Ada, dau. of Sir Jno. S. 
Ribton, 3rd Bt.), mar. 1869 Lt.-Col. Sir Eredk. T. 
A. Hervey-Bathurst, 4th Bt., an M.P. 1861-5 
(d. 19CO). lies., 69 Cornwall Gdns., S. Kens., 

BATHURST (HERVEY-), Hon. Lady, wife of 
above Bt. and dau. of 14th Bn. Inchiquin, q.v. 

BATSON, Col. Herbert, C.B. (Mil. igco-1), 
Devon Regt. retd. (1904) ; S. AMca igco-1 : b. 
1853. Bes., Chelfham, Stoke Rivers S.O., Devon. 

BATT, Capt. Reginald Cossley, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Roy. Eus. retd. and 3rd Vol. 
Batt. Norf. Regt.: b. 1872. Res., Greshara, 
Norwich : Gt. Hardwick, Llanellen, Abergavenny. 

BATTEN, Col. John Mount, C.B. (Civ. 1903), 
Hon. Col. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Regt. (Mil.) retd., 
Lord Lieut, and a Co. Aid. for Dorset (High 
Sheriff 1903); S. Africa 1902: b. 1843. Bes., 
Upcerne, Dorchester ; Mornington Lodge, 
Mornington Avenue, W. Kens., W. 

BATTEN (CHISHOLM-), Rear-Adm. Alex- 
ander William, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), late 

A. D.C. to H. M., ret. 1907: b. 1851. Bes., Thorn- 
cote, Corstorphine S.O., Midlothn. 

BATTENBERG— see Roy. Eam. and its Index. 
BATTERSEA, Baron's Widow. The Lady 

B. (Constance Flower, dau. of Sir Anthony de 
Rothschild, 1st Bt.), a member of League of 
Mercy, mar. 1877 the 1st and only Bn. Battersea, 
an M.P. 1880-92. and for a time Junior Lord 
of the Treasury (d. 1907). Bes., The Pleasaunce, 
Overstrand) Cromer; Surrey House, 7 Marble 
Arch, W. 

of Peerage, BAY 

BATTYE, Maj. -Gen. Arthur, C.B. (Mil. 
1881), LA. Supermini. List; Oudh 1858, N. W. 
Frontier 1864, Hazara 1868, Lushai 1871-2, and 
Afghn. 1878-80 : b. 1839. 

BATTYE, Capt. Clinton Wynyard, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Shropsh. L. I.; Boer War 1899-1900: 
b. 1874. 

BAUCHOP, Lt.-Col. Arthur, C.M.G. (1902), 
7th New Zeald. Contingt, ; S. Africa 1901-2 : 
b. 1871. Bes., Defence Office, Christchurch, N.Z. 

BAVARIA, H.R.H. the Regent of (Prince 
Luitpold Carl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig), G.C.B. 
(Hon. Mil. 1901), b. 1821, widower (mar. 1844 
H.I.H. Archdss. Augustin of Austria, d. 1864). — 
For other names see Royal Family. 

BAXTER, Knight (1). Sir Georgb Washing- 
ton Baxter, Kt. Bach. (1904), LL.D., a D.L. of 
Dundee, and a manufacturer ; b. 1853, mar. 1889 
Edith, dau. of Maj. -Gen. J. L. Fagan. Bes. f 
Invereighty, nr. Forfar. 

BAXTER, Knight (2). Sir William James 
Baxter, Kt. Bach. (1907), a leading member of the 
Ulster Lib. Party : b. 1845, mar. 1892. Bes., 
Avondale, Coleraine, Co. Deny. 

BAYARD, Lt.-Col. Reginald, D.S.O. (1902), 
E. Kent Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BAYFORD, Capt. Edmund Heseltink, D.S.O. 
(Mil. 1902), 18th Hussars; S. Africa 1899-1902, 
has been A.D.C. to Gov. of Bombay : b. 1873. 

BAYHAM, Viscount (Gt. Br. 1786) — see 
" Camden, Marq." 

BAYLEY, Knight (1). Sir Chaeles Stuaet 
Bayley, K.C.S.I.' (1908), barrister-at-law, has been 
an Under Sec. to Ind. Govt., Gen. Supt. of 
Thuggee and Dakoity Dept., Polit. Agent at 
Bikanir, Resid. at Hyderabad, &c, now Acting 
Lt.-Gov. of E. Bengal and Assam: b. 1854, 
mar. 1880 Sarah Constance, dau. of Maj .-Gen. 
Archib. E. Campbell. Bes., Calcutta. 

BAYLEY, Knight (2). Sir Lyttelton Holy- 
oake Bayley, Kt. Bach. (1896), late Puisne Judge 
of the High Ct, of Bombay and an M.L.C.. also 
Lt.-Col. Bomb. Rifle Vols, and Hon. A.D.C. to 
Viceroy of India, prev. Attorn. -Gen., M.L.C., and 
M.L.A. of N.S. Wales : b. 1827, widower; is bro. 
of Rev. Sir J. Emilius Laurie, Bt., q.v. for 
altered name. Club, Oriental. 

BAYLEY, Knight (3). Sir Steuart Colvin 
Bayley, K.C.S.I. (1878), CLE. (1882), late Lt.- 
Gov. of Bengal and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy 
and of that of Sec. for India, has been Ch. 
Commissi*, of Assam and Resid. at Hyder- 
abad : b. 1836, mar. 18S0 Anna, dau. of R. N. 
Earquharson, Esq. Bes., 2 Barkston Gdns., Earl's 
Ct., S.W. 

BAYLEY, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Emily 
Anne Theophila, dau. of Sir Thos. T. Metcalfe, 
4th Bt.), mar. 1850 Sir Edwd. C. Baylev, 
K.C.S.I. (d. 1884). Bes., The Wilderness, Ascot. 

BAYLEY, Charles Butteeworth, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), Assist. Sec. to Bengal Govt., 
served as spec, corresp. to the Daily Telegraph 
during Thibet Expedn. : b. 1876. Res., Calcutta. 

BAYLISS, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Elise, 
dau. of Rev. Isaac Broade), mar. 1858 Sir Wyke 
Baylies, F.S.A. (d. 1906). Bes., 7 North Rd., 
Clapham Pk., S.W. 

BAYLY, Maj.-Gen. Alfred William Lam- 
baet, C.B. (Mil. 1300-1), D.S.O. (1887), I. A., 
late A.D.C. to H.M. ; Afghn. 1879-80, Soudan, 
and Burma 1886-7, S. Africa 1899-1900, now Sec. 
to Ind. Army Dept. : b. 1856. Address, The 
Secretariat, Calcutta. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BEA 165 

BAYLY, Francis Albert, I.S.O. (1902), late 
Sec. and Reg. of Dist. Serv. Order, and a Princ. 
Clk. War Office : b. 1842. 

BAYLY, Commod. Lewis, C.V.O. (1907), 
Ashanti 1874, Egypt 1882, now comdg. Boy. Nav. 
War College, a Nav. A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1857. 

BAYLY, Hon. Mrs. Paget, dau. of 13th Bn. 

BAYLY, Col. Zachary Stanley, C.M.G. 
(1880), late Comdt.-Gen. Cape Colon. Forces. 

BAYNE, Charles Gerwiek, C.S.I. (1901), 
formerly Ch. Sec. in Brit. Burma and memb. of 
Lt.-Gov.'s Counc, in I.C.S. 1880-1906 : b. i860. 
Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

BAYNES, Baronet. Sir Christopher Wil- 
liam Baynes, 4th Bt. {U.K. 1801), Agent to 
Bk. of Engld. at Law Cfcs. Branch : son of 3rd 
Bt., b. 1847, sue. 1897, mar. 1872 Amy Ruperta, 
dau. of the late Edwd. Colston, Esq. Heir, his 
son William Edward Colston (b. 1876; 2nd 
heir, next son, Ronald Christopher, b. 1878). 
Address, Bank of England Branch, Temple 
Bar, W.C. 

BAYNES, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Margaret, dau. of Danl. Stuart, Esq.), mar. 
1845 Sir Wm. J. W. Baynes, 3rd Bt. (d. 1897). 

BAYNES, Bishop. Rfc. Rev. Arthur Hamilton 
Baynes, D.D., late 2nd Bp. of Natal (1893-1900), was 
Domest. Chapl. to Abp. Benson and has been Six 
Preacher at Canterbury, now Vic. of St. Mary's, 
Nottingham, a Preb. in Southwell Cathedral, and 
Bp. Assist. : b. 1854, mar. 1894. Res., St. Mary's 
Vic. , Nottingham. [Distinct from Bp. Baines.] 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), an M.L.C. 
and Sen.M.L. A. of Natal, late Min. of Lands and 
Works : b. 1S42. Res.. Nel'sRust, Natal ; Austwick 
House, Maritzburg. 

BAZLEY, Baronet. Sir Thomas Sebastian 
Bazley, 2nd Bt. (U.K. 1869), M.A., a D.L. for 
Glos. (High Sheriff 1874) : son of 1st Bt., b. 1829, 
sue. 1885, widower. Heir, his son Gardner 
Sebastian (b. 1863 ; 2nd heir, latter'sson Thomas 
Stafford, b. 1907). Res., Kilmorie, Torquay. 

BEACH (HICKS-), family name of St. Aldwyn 
Viscty., q.v. for " Hons." 

BEACHCROFT, Knight. Sir (Richard) Mel- 
viLL-BeacAcro/V.Kt. Bach. (1904), of a London firm 
of solicitors, formerly Vice-Chmn. L.C.C., and first 
Chmn. Metrop. Water Board : b. 1846, mar. 1877 
Charlotte Emily, dau. of the late Robt. M. 
Bonnor-Maurice, Esq. Res., Littlemount, Cook- 
ham Dean, Cookham Rise S.O., Berks. ; 6 
Palace Ct. Mansns., Paddington, W. ; offices, 9 
Theobald's Road, W.C. 

BEALE, Maj. Henry Yelverton, D.S.O. 
(1902), late Norf. Regt. ; Burma 1892-3, S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. i860. 

BEALL, Capt. George, I.S.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., 
formerly in merchant service, late Princ. Examiner 
of Masters and Mates, Bd. of Trade, is a Younger 
Bro. of Trin. House : b. 1840. Res., Newry, St. 
Anne's Rd., Eastbourne. 

BEARCROFT, Col. Edward Hugh, C.B. (Civ. 
1903), late Lt.-Col. Comdt. and Hon. Col. 6th Batt. 
Wore. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1901-2: b. 1S52. 
Res., Mere Hall, Droitwich. 

BEARCROFT, Rear-Adm. John Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), E. Coast of 
Africa 1871-80, Coast of Greece 1886, and in China- 
Japan War, comd. Roy. Nav. Brigade in S. Africa 
1899-1900, ret. 1906 : b. 1851. Club, U. Serv. 

BEARD, Charles Thomas, I.S.O. (1903), B.A., 
Chief Clerk in Irish Secretary's London Office 

and Priv. Sec. to Rt. Hon. A. Bitrell : b. 1858. 
Address, Irish Office, Westmr., S.W. 

BEARD, Supt. Frederic, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1902), Chief Offr. "A" Divn., Metrop. Police: 
b. 1849. 

BEATSON. Knight (1). Col. Sir Gforgp 
Thomas Beat son, K.C.B. (Civ. 1907}. V.D., M.D., 
Col. R.A.M.C. Vols., now Administg. Med. Offr. 
of a Div. ; Sen Surgeon to Glasgow Cancer Hos- 
pital and a D.L. of Co. of the City : b. 1848. Res., 
7 Woodside Cresc, Glasgow. 

BEATSON, Knight (2). Maj.-Gen. Sir Stuart 
Brownlow Beatson, K.C.S.I. (1906), C.B. (Mil. 
1898), LA., served in Jowaki 1877-8, Afghn. 187S- 
80, Egypt, Burma 1886-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8, 
S. Africa 1901-2, an Extra Equerry to H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales : b. 1854, mar. 1889 Edith 
Cecil, dau. of the late Lt.-Gen. Sir Wm. K. Elles, 
K.C.B. Club, Cavalry. 

BEATSON, Col. Charles Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1907), I.M.S., Afgh. 1878-9, now Princ. Med. Offr. 
Kohat, Punjab : b. 1851. Res., Kohat, Punjab. 

BEATSON, Col. Finlay Cochrane, C.B. (Mil. 
1902), late Wilts. Regt.; South Africa 1899-1902, 
was Prof, at Staff Coil. 1892-8, now D.A.G. at 
Headqrs. LA. : b. 1855. Res., Simla. 

BEATTY, Maj. Charles Harold Longfield, 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Maj., late Capt., 6th Batt. 
Roy. Warwicks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-1: 
b. 1870. Res., Bedford Cottage, Newmarket, 
Suffolk ; Borodale, Wexford. 

BEATTY, Capt. David, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1905), D.S.O. (1896), R.N., Dongola, Nile 1897-8, 
China 1900, a Naval A.D.C. to H.M., and Naval 
Adviser to the Army Council : b. 1871. Res., 
15 Upp. Grosvenor St., W. 

BEATTY, Hazlitt Michael, C.M.G. (1902), 
Chief Locomotive Supt. Govt. Rails., Cape of 
Good Hope. Res., Cape Town. 

BEAU CHAMP [pron. Beecham), Earl. Wil- 
liam Lyqon (pron. Liggon), 7th Earl {U.K.), P.C. 
(Gt. Br. 1906), K.C.M.G. (1S99), LL.D., Lord 
Steward of the Househd., a D.L. for Wore, late 
Capt. of Hon. Corps of Gentn. at Arms, late Hon. 
Col. 1st Wore. Vol. Artill. and Commonwth. Mtd. 
Forces, Mayor of Worcester 1895, was Gov. of N.S. 
Wales 1899-1901 : son of 6th E. ; b. Feb. 26, 1872 ; 
sue. 1891 (L.) ; mar. 1902 Lady Lettice Mary 
Elizabeth Grosvenor, sist. of present D. of West- 
minster. Seat, Madresfield Ct., Malvern Link ; 
town res., 13 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K.: Bn. Bcauchamp, 1806; Earl Beau- 
champ and Vise. Elmley, 1815. |For Vise. Beauchamp 
see below.]— Wra. Lygon, for 3° years M.P. for W orcester- 
shire, was the recipient of these three titles. That of 
Bn. Beauchamp had been granted to this line by King 
Henry VI., lasting 1447-96, and no fewer than nine 
titles so styled are enumerated in * Nicolas.' 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of vresent (nth) E.: 

Vise. Elmley, heir to Earldom: William L., b. 1903. 

Hon. Hugh Patrick L., 2nd heir, b. 1904. 

Lady Lettice L. , b. 1906. 

Lady L., b. 1907- 

Surviving issue of 6th E. (sists., half-bros., &c, of 
present) : 


Lady Mary, now Lady M. H.-S.-Forles-Trefusis, a 
"Woman of the Bedchamber to H.R..H. the Princess 
of Wales : b. 1869, mar. 1905 Maj. Hon. Henry Walter 
H -S.-F.-T., son of 20th Bn. Clinton, q.v. 

Lady Susan, now Lady S. Gordon-Gilmour, b. 1870, 
mar. iS3o Lt.-Col. R,obt. Gordon (?.-(?., C.B., q.v. 

(Present Earl, b. 1872. ) 

Lady Margaret, now The Lady Ampthill,C I.,b. 1874, 
mar. 1894 2nd Bn. A., q.v. 

166 BSA 


Hon. Robert L., Capt. Gren. Gds., served in 
S. Africa 1899-1900, was A.D.C. to Gov. of Madras 
1900-3 : b. 1879, mar. 1903 Cecil Albinia, dau. of Sir 
Geo. G. Arbuthnot (Hon. Mrs. Robert L.}. Res., 
with Ctss. below and Hon. Henry. 

Lady Agnes, now Lady A. Peel, b. i33o, mar. 1506 
Hon. (Arthur) Geo. Villiers P., son of Vise. Peel. 

Lady Maud L., b. 1883. 

Hon. Henry L., B.A., L.C.C., 2nd Lieut. Suff. Yeom.: 
b. 1884. Res., with follg. 

BEAUCHAIvIP, Earl's Widow. Emily, Coun- 
tess B., nee Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierre- 
pont, dau. of 3rd Earl Manvers, b. 1853, mar. 
1878, as 2nd wife, 6th Earl Beauchamp (d. 1891). 
Pes., 41 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

BEAUCHAMP, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1750)— see 
"Hertford. M. of." 

Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 5th. Bt. 
(Gt. Br. 1745), a D.L. for Norfolk, late Capt. and 
Hon. Maj. Pr. of Wales's Own Norf. Artill. 
(Mil.) : son of 4th Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1874, mar. 
1880 Lady Violet Joceh/n, whom he divorced 1901. 
Heir pres., his bro. Col. Horace George P.-B., 
C.B., q.v. (2nd heir, next bro., Montagu Harry, 
b. i860). Seat, Langley Pk., Norwich. 

GEORGE,C.B.(Mil. 1902), late corndg. 20th Hussars; 
Soudan 1885 and 1888, S. Africa 1902, was with 
Egyptn. Army 18S7-91, ret. 1904: b. 1856, is heir 
to above Baronetcy. Pes., (Mrs. Horace B.), 11 
South St., ParkLn., W. 

BEAUCLERK, family name of St. Albans 
Dukedom, q.v. for " Lords" and " Ladies." 

BEAUFORT, Duke of. Henry Adelbert 
Wellington FitzRoy Somerset, 9th Duke [Eng.), 
a D.L. for Brecon, GIolc, and Monm., High 
Steward of Bristol, Hered. Keeper of Ragland 
Castle, Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., Glouc. 
Yeom., an A.D.C. to H.M., formerly Capt. 
Roy. Horse Gds. : son of 8th D. ; b. May 19, 
1847 ; sue. 1899 (G.) ; mar. 1895 Louise Emily, dau. 
of the late Wm. H. Harford, Esq., and widow of 
Bn. Carlo de Tuyll. Seats, Badminton House, 
Chippenham, Wilts. ; Llangattock Pk.. Crick- 
howell S.O., Brecons. : town res., Jt Portman 
Sq., W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Botetourt, 1803 (orig. 1305 by 
writ); Bn. Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow, and Gower, 
1506; Bn. Herbert of Herbert, 1509; E. of Worcester, 
1514; M. of Worcester, 1642; 1). of Beaufort, i632.— The 
Botetourt Bny. was first granted to Jno. de Botetourt, 
but fell into abeyance on the death of his son in 1406, so 
continuing till 1764, and again from 1776 to 1803, when it 
was revived to the 6th Duke. The Herbert of Herbert 
Bny. is stated to have bee" first conferred upon Wm. 
Herbert, afterwards Earl of Pembroke, beheaded 1469. 
His son succeeded him, and had his Earldom ex- 
changed for that of Huntingdon. Sir Chas. Somerset, 
K.G. and Kt. Banneret, a natural son of Henry Beau- 
fort, Duke of Somerset, was created Bn. Herbert of 
Ragland &c, but, having married the heiress of the 
preceding, he was summoned to Parliament as Bn. 
Herbert of Herbert, thus uniting the two Baronies. 
Sir Charles was afterwards created Earl of Worcester. 
The Sth Earl was raised to the Marquessate ; the 2nd 
Marq. before succession was addressed by the King as 
Earl of Glamorgan, but this title does not appear to 
rest on any actual creation. Nor does that of Vise. 
Grosmont, though the ruins of Grosmont Castle still 
exist in the late grounds of the Duke in Monmouth- 
shire. The 3rd Marq. was created Duke of Beaufort. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (qth) D.: 

Lady Blanche Linnie S., b. 1897. 
Lady Diana Maud Nina S., b. 1898. 
Marq. of Worcester, heir to Dukedom : Henry 
Hugh Arthur FitzRoy S., b. 1900. (2nd heir, his 
uncle Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard.) 


Surviving issue of 8th D. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1847.) 

Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Richard Charles S., b. 1849— 

see " Somerset, Priv. Counc." 
Lord Henry Arthur George S., a D.L. for Wilts., 

formerly Maj. Roy. Horse Gds. (served in Egyptian 

and Nile Expedns.) and Extra Equerry to K.M. 

when Prince of Wales : b. 1851. 

— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Henry (Richard) S., wife of Rt. Hon. Lord 
Henry Richard, q.v. 

Lady Edward S. (Fanny Julia, dau. of Sir Alex B. 0. 
Dixie, 10th Bt.), mar., 1st, 1880, the late Lord 
Hy. Edward Brudenell S. (b. 1853, d. 1S97) ; 2ndly, 
1898, J. Gratwicke Blagrave, Esq.— retaining title 
by courtesy. Res., The Halls, Calcot, Reading. 
Issue of jth D. (aunts of present) : 

(The late 8th Duke, b. 1824, d. 1899.) 

Lady Geraldine Harriet Anne S., V.A., Lady in 
Waiting to H.R.H. the late Duchess of Cambridge: 
b. 1832. Res., 8 Upper Brook St., W. 

Lady Katherine Emily Mary, now The Lady Orma- 
thwaite, b. 1834, mar. 135S 2nd Bn. 0., q.v. 

Lady Edith Frances Wilhelmine, now Dow. Ctss. of 
Londesborough (q.v.), b. 1838, mar. 1S63, wid. 1900. 

BEAUMONT, family name of Allendale 
Barony (not of follg.), q.v. for "Hons." 

BEAUMONT, Baroness. Mona Josephine 
Tempest Stapleton, Bnss. 11th in line (Eng.): 
dau. of 10th Bn. ; b. Aug. 1, 1894: sue. (after an 
abeyance of nine months) 1896. Seat, Carlton 
Towers, Carlton S.O., Yorks. 

Creation. Bn. Beaumont, Eng. 1309 by writ.— The 
1st Bn., Henry de Beaumont, was son of Louis 
de Brienne (by an heiress of the Beaumonts of Nor- 
mandy, whose name he assumed), and grandson of John 
de Brienne, King of Jerusalem, by Berengaria, sister of 
Ferdinand, King of Castile and Leon, being thus 2nd 
cousin to Edward II. ; he was also a relative and com- 
panion-in-arms of Edward I. in his Scottish wars. The 
and Baron, John, married Eleanor Plan tagenet, daugh t-er 
of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, who was grandson of 
Henry III. and great-grandson, through his mother, 
Blanche d'Artois, of Louis VIII. of France. Isabel, 
daughter of the 1st Baron, married Henry, Duke of Lan- 
caster, and was grandmother of Henry IV. On the 
death of the 7th Bn. in 1507 the Peerage fell into abey- 
ance, and so continued until 1840. A second but much 
briefer abeyance followed in 1895 when the 10th Bn. left 
at his death two daughters, to the elder of whom the 
succession was awarded by the Crown in the next year. 
The 6th and 7th Bns. held the title of Vise. Beaumont 
(1440-1507), this constituting the first creation of that 
rank in England. 


(Present Baroness, b. 1894.) 

Hon. Ivv Mart Stapleton, heiress pres. to Barony, 
b. (posthumous) 1805. (No definite 2nd heir, but 
the Rev. Gilbert S., M.A., b. 1862, a 1st cousin 
once removed, is the nearest relative among the 
many descendants under the first abeyance). 

BEAUMONT, Barons' Widows. (1) The 
Dowager Lady B.,nee Hon. Isabella Anne Browne, 
dau. of 3rd Bn. Kilmaine, b. abt. 1824, mar. 1844 
8th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1854).— (2) Violet, Lady B., 
dau. of the late Eredk. W. Isaacson, Esq., M.P., 
mar. 1888 9th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1892). Pes., 40 
Eaton PI., S.W.— (3) Ethel, Lady B. (EthelMary" 
dau. of Sir Chas. H. Tempest, 1st and only Bt. of 
Heaton), mar. 1893 10th Bn. Beaumont (d. 1895). 
Res., with her dau. the Baroness. 

BEAUMONT, Baronet. Sir George Howland 
William Beaumont, 10th Bt. (Eng. 1661), formerly 
Capt. R.A. : son of 9th Bt., b. 1851, sue. 1882, 
mar. 1880 Lillie Ellen, dau. of Maj.-Gen. Geo. A. 
Craster. Heir, his son George Arthur Hamilton 
(b. 1881 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Frederick Louis 
Maureward,b. 1862). i?es.,ColeortonHall, Ashby- 

BEAUMONT, Knight. Adm. Sir Lewis 
Anthony Beaumont, K.C.B. (Mil. 1904), K.C.M.G. 

Directory of Peerage, 

BEA Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

(igOi),F.B.G.S.,late Com.-in-Ch. at Devonpoit, 
prev. on Pacific and Austral. Stations, was Dir. of 
N&v. Intell. at Admiralty and a Nav. A.D.C. to 
Queen Victoria, ssrved in Arctic Expedn. 1875-6 : 
b. 1847, "widower. 

BEAUMONT, Ladies— see Baroness, Barons' 
"Widows, and under Baronet. 

BEAVER, Lieut. Henry Allen, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1903), B.N. retd., of H.M.'s yacht. 

BEBEBBTJA, Count of. Antonio Caruana- 
Gatto, 3rd Ct. {Malta 17S3), M.D., Vice-Pres. of 
Cmttee. of Privileges and a memb. of Cmttee. of 
Assembly of Maltese Nobility : nephew of snd 
Ct.. b. 1839, sucr. 1891, mar. 1867 Vincenza, dau. 
of Ct. Ferdinando F. Mont' Alto. Heir, his son 
Alfred, Contino of Beberrua (b. i853 ; 2nd heir, 
next son, Rev. Robert, dei Conti C'.-G., b. 1S71). 
Res., 59 Strada Levante, Valetta ; 3 Strada 
Reale, Casal Attard, Malta. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Baronet. Sir John 
Wrixon-Becher, 3rd Bt. (U.K. 1831), M.A., 
a D.L. for Co. Cork (HighSheriff 1867) : son of 1st 
Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1828, sue. 1803, mar. 
1857 the under-mentioned Lady Emily Wrixon- 
Becher. Heir, his son Eustace "William "Wind- 
ham (b. 1859, mar. as below ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Edgar, b. 1862). .Ssats, Ballygiblin (Mallow), and 
Creagh S.O., both Co. Cork. 

BECHER (WRIXON-) , Baronet's Widow (re- 
mrrd.). Florence, Lady 1V.-B. (Florence Eliza- 
beth Hannah, dau. of the late Fredk. J. Walker, 
Esq.) mar., 1st, 1878, Sir Henry Wrixon-Becher, 
2nd Bt. (d. 1893) ; sndly, 1894, Arthur D. H. H. 
Reynell-Pack, Esq., but retains her title. Res., 
Netherton, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Lady Emily Kathe- 
rine, dau. of 2nd E. of Listowel (q.v.), and wife 
of Sir Jno. Wrixon-Becher, Bt. 

BECHER (WRIXON-), Hon. Mrs. Eustace, 
dau. of 6th Bn. Calthorpe and wife of heir to 
above Btcy. 

BECK, Col. Charles Harrop, C.B. (Mil. 
1903-1), Hon. Col., late Lt.-Col. comdg., 4th Batt., 
Chesh. Eegt. (Mil.); S. Africa 1900-2: b. 18S1. 
Res., Upton Priory, Macclesfield; Frongoch, 
Llanlluaan, Berriew S.O., Montgom. 

BECK, Frank Reginald, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1901), Agent to H.M. at Sandringham : b. 1861. 

BECKETT, family name of Grimtkorpe 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons.," and see below. 

BECKETT, Col. Charles Edward, C.B. (Mil. 
1898), late 3rd Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan, was 
an A.A.Q. in Natal 1899-1900, and A.Q.M.G. at 
Headqrs., late Ch. Staff Offr. in Malta and Erig.- 
Gen. in charge of Administ. there, ret. 1906, now 
Comdg. 2nd S. Wstn. Mtd. Brig. : b. 1849. Club, 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Gervase, dau. of late 
Vise. Helmsley, and granddau. of E. of Fever- 
sham, q.v. 

BECKETT, Hon. Mrs. Hamilton, dau. of 1st 
and last Bn. Lyndhurst. 

BECKETT, Col. Stephen, C.B. (Mil. 1885), 
I. A. retd. (1889) ; Mutiny, Frontier 1853-4, 
Afghn. 1879, Suakin 1885 : *b. 1840. Res., 10 
FreelandRd., Ealing, W. 

BECKWITH, Lady Muriel Beatrice, dau. of 
7th D. of Eichmond. 

BECTIVE, Earl of (by courtesy— title, Irel. 
1766), elder son and heir of Marq. of Headfort. 

BEDDAED, Hon. Mrs. Arthur, dau. of Bn. 

BEDFOED, Duke of. Herbrand Arthur 
Russell, nth Divke {Eng.), E.G. (1902), F.S.A., 

BSD 167 

P.Z.S., Lord Lieut, of Middx., Chmn. Beds. 
C.C. and a D.L., a Trustee of Brit. Mus., 
an A.D.C. to H.M., late Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. 
Beds. Eegt. (Mil.), is Hon. Col. 5th Batt. 
Beds. Eegt. and of 6th Batt. BiflLe Brig., 
fromerly Lieut. Gren. Gds., served in Egypt 1882 
and was A-D.C. to Gov.-Gen. of India, el. 1st 
Mayor of Hoiborn iqoo: son of 9th D. and bro. of 
10th; b. Feb. 19, 1858; sue. 1893 (L.U.) ; mar. 
i833 Mary Du Caurroy, a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus., dau. of Ven. Archdn. Tribe. Seats, 
Woburn Abbey, Woburn S.O., Beds.; Oakley 
House, Bedford ; Endsleigh, Tavistock, Devon ; 
town res., 15 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. Eng. : Bn. Russell of Cheneys, 1339; E. of 
Bedford, 1530 ; Bn. Russell of Thornhaugh, 1603 ; D. of 
Bedford and M. of Tavistock, 1694 ; Bn. Howland, 1695.— 
An Earldom of Bedford and two Dukedoms had existed 
between 1150 and 1495, but had all become extinct : the 
earliest to hold the Dukedom was a brother of KiDg 
Henry V., who became Regent of England and Constable 
of France during the next King's minority. The above 
Bny. and Earldom were conferred upon John Russell, a 
gentleman residing on the Dorsetshire coast, whose 
cousin Sir Thos. Trenchard had hospitably entertained 
the Archduke Piiiiip of Austria, who, in a voyage from 
Flanders to Spain, had been driven into Weymouth by 
a violent hurricane. Sir Thomas acquainted the Court 
with the presence of the illustrious visitor, but deputed 
the actual attendance upon him to Mr. Russell, who 
had lately returned from the Continent and was 
familiar with the German language. He was in 
consequence introduced (with the Archduke) to Henry 
VII., by whom he was taken into favour, and this 
continued under his three successors to the throne. 
The 5th Earl obtained the Dukedom and Marquessate, 
the 2nd Duke before succession being given the Howland 
Barony, that of Thornhaugh having been awarded tc 
the 4th son of the 2nd Ear), whose own son succeeded as 
4th Earl. William, Lord Russell (courtesy-title ; he was 
"Hon. Wm. Russell" until the death of his elder 
brother), the distinguished statesman who was beheaded 
in 1683 on a charge of high treason, was 2nd son of the 
Earl who became 1st Duke. The youngest brother of 
the 9th Duke became 1st Bn. Ampthill, as stated in loc. 

Titled Relatives. 


Sole issue of •present (\\Oi) D.: 

Marq. of Tavistock, heir to Dotedom : Hastings 
William Sackville R., b. 1888. (snd heir, his 1st 
cous. once rem., Harold John Hastings it., son of 
9th Duke's bro. Lord Arthur, b. 1868.) 

Surviving issue ofgth D. (sists. of present) : 

Sie late 10th Duke, b. 1852, d. 1893, childless.) 
dy Ela Monica Sackville R., b. 1854. Res., Chorley 
Wood House, Rickmansworth B.O., Herts. ; 51 
Prince's Gt., S.W. 
Lady Ermyntrude Sackville, now Lady Erm. Malet, 
b. 1856, mar. 1885 the late Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd. Bald- 
win M., Bt., G.C.B. (d. 1908). 
(Present Duee, b. 1858.) 

Sist. -in-law of gth D. (aunt of present; husb. 
granted rank of Duke's son) : 
(The late 9th Duke, b. 1819, d. 1891.) 
Lady Arthur R. (Laura, dau. of Vicomte de Pey- 
ronnet). mar. 1865 the late Lord Arthur John 
Edward R. (d. 1892). Ees., The Ridgeway, Shere, 
Guildford ; 2 Audley So., W. 
(The late ist Bn. Ampthill, b. 1829, d. 1884.) 

BEDFOED, Duke's Widow. Adeline, Duchess 
of B., nie Lady Adeline Marie Somers-Cocks, dau. 
of 3rd Earl Somers, b. 1852, mar. 1876 10th D. of 
Bedford (d. 1893). Res., Chenies, Eickmansworth 
S.O., Herts. ; 26 Bruton St., W. 

BEDFOED, Knight. Adm. Sir Frederick 
George Denham Bedford, G.C.B. (Mil. 1902 ; 
K.C.B., 1894), a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., Gov. 
of Western Australia ; served in Black and Baltic 
Seas and in operations on the Nile and the Gam- 
bia ; late Com.-in-Ch. on N. Amer. Station, was 
2nd Nav. Lord of the Admiralty 1895-9, prev. on 

168 BED 

the Cape and W. Coast, a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen 
Victoria 1888-91 , ret. 1903 : b. 1838, mar. 1880 Ethel 
(a Lady of Grace as above) dau of E. E. Turner 
Esq. Res., Govt. House, Perth, W. Australia. 
BEDFOED, Col. Walter George Augustus, 

C. M.G. (1901), M.B., A.M.S., S. Africa 1899-1901 
as Staff Offr. to Princ. Med. Offr., prev. Dep. 
Assist. Dir. A.M.S. : b. 1858. 

Henry Edward Past on-Bedingf eld, 8th Bt. (Eng. 
1661), late Maj. 3rd Batt. Liverpool Eegt. (Mil.), 
served in S. Africa 1901-2 : son of 7th Bt., b. i860, 
sue. 1902, mar. 1904 Sibyl, dau. of the late Henry 
A. Lyne-Stephens, Esq. Heir, his son Henry 
Stephens Augustus (b. 1906 ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. 
Richard Henry Clavering, b. 1862). Seat, Oxburgh 
Hall, Stoke Ferry S.O., Norfolk. 

Widow. Dowager Lady P.-B. (Augusta, dau. of 
E. Covering, Esq.), mar. 1859 Sir Henry G. Pas- 
ton-Bedingfeld, yth Bt. (d. 1902). Res.. 45 Crom- 
well Rd.,S.W. 

BEECH, Maj. John Robert, C.M.G. (iSSS), 

D. S.O. (1891), Scottish Horse Imper. Yeom., 
formerly Capt. 20th Hussars ; Egypt and Soudan 
1882-91, S. Africa 1900, went on Spec. Mission to 
Abyssinia 1887 : b. i860. 

BEEK, Jakes Scott, I.S.O. (1903), Auditor- 
Gen, of New Brunswick. Res., Frederieton. 

BEEVOR, Baronet. Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 
5th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1784), M.D., F.E.C.P., Phys. to 
King's Coll. Hosp., and to City of Lond. Hosp. 
for Diseases of Chest, Eepres. for Sec. of Apotheea. 
on Gen. Med. Counc. : son of 4th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 
1885, mar. 1894 Emily Georgina, dau. of Sir Wm. 
Foster, 2nd Bt. of Norwich. Heir, his son Thomas 
Lubbock (b. 1897; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Ealph 
Jenny, b. 1859). Res., Croxley Grn. S.O., Herts. ; 
17 Wimpole St., W. 

BEEVOE.Lt. -Col. Walter Calverley, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.B., E.A.M.C., late 1st Scots Gds. ; 
Soudan 1885, Ashanti 1895-6, Tirah 1S97-8, S. 
Africa 1900 (a Princ. Med. Ofir. 1901-2), late on 
Staff of Gov. of Bombay and has been Surg, at 
Nottm. and Portsmth. Hosps. : b. 1858. Res., 
16 Gloucester St., Belg. Ed., S.W. 

BEGBIE, Maj. -Gen. Elphinstone Waters, 
C.B. (Mil. 1896), D.S.O. (1891), Abyss. 1867-8, 
Daffla 1874-5, and Burma 1885-6, was D.A.G. 
Madras 1895-6, now on Supernum. List : b. 1842. 
Address, c/o London and County Bank, Brighton. 

BEHEENS, Hon. Mrs. Clive, dau. of Bn. 

BELAM, Com. Henry, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1904), E.N. retd., now Marine Surveyor to Mersey 
Docks Bd. : b. 1853. Res., 34 Bentley Ed., 

BELCHEE, Capt. Harold Thomas, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E.A., S. Africa 1899-1900: b. 1875. 

BELCHEE, Maj. Eobert, C.M.G. (1901), 
Canad. Rebellion 1885 and S. Africa 1900-1, now 
an Insp. of N.W. Territs. Mtd. Police : b. 1849. 
Res., Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. 

BELFAST, Earl of (Trel. 1791), a title of the 
Donegall Marquessate borne by the heir when a 
son. Baron Chichester of Belfast (1625) is al30 a 
title of the Marquessate. 

BELFIELD, Maj .-Gen. Herbert Eversley, 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), D.S.O. (1902), Ashanti 1895-6, 
S. Africa 1900-2, now comdg. 4th Div at Wool- 
wich : b. 1857. Res., Woolwich. 

BELGEAVE, Viscount {Gt. Br. 1784), a title 
of the Westminster Dukedom, borne by the 
present Duke while a grandson. 


BELHAVEN, Master of, title of the son and 
heir of following. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron. Alex- 
ander Charles Hamilton, 10th Bn. (Scot.), a 
Scott. Eepres. Peer (el. J 900), a D.L. for Lanarks., 
Col. R.E. retd., late Hon. Col. 2nd Lanarks. 
Vol. Engrs. ; comd. Surrey Vol. Inf. Brig. 18S8- 
1902, served in Zulu War : son of the late Wm. 
Jno. Hamilton, Esq.,M.P.,F.E.S., and a collateral 
relation of the late 9th Bn. (they being both 
descended from a gt. uncle of the 2nd Bn., the 
succession passing to heirs-general); b. July 3, 
1840; sue. 1893 and established his claim 1894 
(G.); mar. 1880 Georgina Katharine, dau. of the 
late Legh Eickmond, Esq. Seat, Wishaw House, 
Lanarks. ; town res., 41 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, 

Creation. Bn. Belhaven and Stenton, Scot. 1647. 
and cr., assigning prec, 167s.— The istBn. was so created 
for his devotion to Charles I. His father was a natural 
brother of the 1st Earl of Arran (Scot.), and an addi- 
tional connection between this house and those of 
Abercorn and Hamilton existed on the mother's side, 
she being a descendant of Sir Jno. Hamilton, 4th Ld. 
of Cadzow, whose grandson was summoned to Parlia- 
ment as Ld. Hamilton (see "Hamilton and B., D. of"). 
The U.K. title Bn. Hamilton of Wishaw was in 1831 
granted to the 8th Bn., who died childless in i85S. 
The course of succession has repeatedly been the subject 
of dispute. 

Titled Relatives. 
Sole issue of present (loth) Bn. : 

Master of Belhaven, heir to Barony : Hon. Ealph 
Gerard Alexander H., Capt. Essex E-.H. Artilh, 
late Lieut. 3rd Hussars, b. 18O3, mar. 1904 Lady 
Grizel Winifred Louisa Cochrane, dau. of 12th E. 
of Dundonald. Res., 41 Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, 
S.W. (2nd h-ir, his 1st cousin Capt. Robert Edward 
Archibald H., b. 1S71.) 
— Dau. -in-law : 

Lady Grizel W. Louisa H., see preceding. 
Issue ofgth Bn. (remote cousins of present) : 

Hon. Leonore Agnes Watson Nisbet, now Hon. T.Irs. 
Borras Whiteside, b. 1S78, mar. 1903 E. Borras W., 
Esq. Res., 3 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 
Hon. May Clarke Mary Nisbet H., b. 1879. 
Hon. Clarice Jessie Evelyn, now lion. Mrs. Napier. 
b. 1881 mar. 1899 the Master of Napier, see " N. and 
Hon. Muriel Louise H., b. 18S4. 
Hon. Winifred Maude H., b. i836. 
Hon. Dorothy Henrietta II., b. 18S8. 
Hon. Georgina Violet II., b. 1S83. 

BELHAVEN and STENTON, Baron's Widow. 
Georgina, Lady Belh. & S., dau. of Sir Jno. 
Watson, 1st Bt. of Earnock, mar. 1877 oth Bn. 
Belhaven and S. (d. 1893). Res., 8 Eglinton 
Cresc, Edinburgh. 

BELL, Baronet of Jsliley Gardens. Sir John 
Charles Bell, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1908; Kt. Bach. 
1902J, an Aid. and Lieut, of City of London, Lord 
Mayor igo3, was Sheriff 1901-2, Past-Master or 
upon Court of three City Cos. , Chmn. of Wenloek 
Brewery Co., City Ed.: b. 1844, mar. 1868 
Caroline, dau. of Thos. Clare, Esq. Res., Frame- 
wood, Stoke Poges S.O., Bucks. : 61 Portland 
PL, W. 

BELL, Baronet of Glasgow. Sir James" Bell, 
1st Et. (U.K. 1395), a ship-owner, a D.L. for 
Glasgow (Lord Provost 1892-6), also a D.L. for 
Lanark3. and late Hon. Col. 1st Lanarks. Bi.Se 
Vols., is a memb. of Eoy. Patriotic Fund Corp.: 
son of Jno. Bell, Esq., of above city; b. 1S50, 
mar. 1875 Helen, dau. of the late Wm. Findlay, 
Esq. Heir, his son John (b. 1876; no 2nd heir). 
Res.. Montgreenan, Kilmarnock. 

BELL, Baronet of Otterbum — see " Bell 

Directory of Peerage, 


BELL, Baronet of Rounton. Sir (Thomas) 
Hugh Bell, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1885), Lord Lieut, of 
N. Bid., a D.L. for Co. Durham (Sigh Sheriff 
1395), Pres. 01 Iron and Steel Inst., twice Mayor 
of Middlesbrough : son of 1st Bt., b. 1844, sue. 
1904, mar. 1876, 2nd wife, Florence Eveleen 
Eleanore, dau. of the late Sir J03. Olliffe, M. 
D. (1st wife d. 1871"). Heir, his son Capt. 
Maurice Hugh Lowthian B. (b. 1871 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Hugh Lowthian, b. 1878). Seat, 
Bounton Grange and Mt. Grace Priory, both nr. 
Northallerton, Yorks. : town res., 95 Sloane St.. 

BELL, Knight (1). Sir Henry Hesketh 
Jowdov Bell, K.C.M.G. (1908), Gov. of Uganda 
Protect., late Administrator of "Dominica., prev. 
Sen. Assist. Treas. at Gold Coast and M.E.C. 
Bahamas : b. 1864. Res., Entebbe, Uganda. 

BELL, Knight (2) . Sir William James Bell, 
Kt. Bach. (1892), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Vice- 
Chmn. Boss and Cromarty C.C. 1831-2, is a D.L. 
for same Cos. and for Co. of London (a Co. Aid. 
for latter 1902-7) and a memb. Boy. Co. of Archers 
(Scot.) : b. 1859, naar. 1882 Bertha Diana, dau. of 
the late G. Torr, Esq. Res., 211 Ashley Gdns., 
Westmr., S."W. 

BELL, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Margaret 
Miller, dau. of Wm. M'T. D'Orsey, Esq., M.D.), 
mar. 18S1 Sir Josh. P. Bell, Pres. Leg. Counc. 
Queensld. (d. 1881). Res., Jimbour, Dalby, Qnsld. 

BELL, Charles George Harland, C.M.G. 
(1902), late Civil Commissr. and Bes. Magistrate 
at Mafeking. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Charles (Wentwortii), dau. 
of Bn. Biddulpb. 

BELL, Capt. George John, D.S.O. (1902), 
Victrn. Contgt. ; S. Africa 1902. 

BELL, Capt. Henry Stanley, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
1st N'thumb. Battery in 1st N'thurnbrian Brig. 
(Terrifc, B.F.A.) ; S. Africa 1900-1 : b. 1874. 

BELL, Lt.-Col. John William, C.M.G. (1901), 
V.D., latecomdg. Qneenstn. Bif. Vols., is Master 
of Supr. Ct. Transvaal ; S. Africa 1877-8 and 
1899-1901 : b. 1848. Res., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

BELL, Hon. Mrs. Matthew — see " Dyke, Hon. 

BELL, Bobert, I.S.O. (1903), M.D., D.Sc, 
LL.D., F.B.S., Dir. of Geolog. f Survey of Canada, 
Prof, of Chemistry and Nat. Sci. in Queen's Univ. 
Kingston, author of numerous geolog. papers : 
b. 1841. Res., 136 Maclaren St., Ottawa. 

BELL, Col. William (i),C.B.(Civ. 1889), retired 
from Army and now Sec. to Govt, of Guernsey 
(from iS62),late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1329. 
Res., Swissville, Guernsey. 

BELL, William (2), CLE. (1904), M.A., Insp. 
of Chiefs' Colls, in India, prev. Dir. of Publ. 
Instr. and Under Sec. to Govt, in Edue. Dept., 
Punjab: b. i860. Res., Lahore. 

BELL (BEATSON-), Nicholas Dodd, CLE. 
(1905), Dir. of Land Becords and Agric, Bengal. 
Res., Dacca. 

BELL (LYNDEN-), Lt.-Col. Arthur Ly» den 
(name doubled), C.M.G. (1905), late E. Kent Begt. ; 
Chitral Belief 1895, S. Africa 1899-1900, now a 
Gen. Staff Offr. 2nd grade, S. Comd.: b. 1867. 
Res., Tidworth, Andover, Hants. 

BELL (MOBBISON-) , Baronet. Sir Charles 
William Morrison-Bell, 1st Bt. of Otterburn 
{U.K. 1905), a D.L. for Co. Durham, formerly 
Lieut. 15th Hussars and Maj. 3rd Batt. Durh. 
Bif. Vols.: son of the late W m. Bell, Esq., of Ford 
Hall, Durham ; b. 1833, mar. 1863 Louisa Maria, 

BEL 169 

dau. of Wm. H. Dawes, Esq.; assumed name of 
Morrison by licence 1905. Heir, his son Capt. 
Claude William Hedley M.-B. (b. 1867; 2nd 
heir, next son^ Maj. Arthur Clive M.*B., b. 1871). 
Seats, Otterburn Hall, Otterb. S.O., N'thumb.; 
High Gm. Manor, Bellingham S.O., same Co. ; 
town res., 13 Grosvenor Crese., S.W. 

BELLAIBS, Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir William 
Bellairs, K.C.M.G. (1882), CB. (Mil. 1878), served 
through Crimean War, KaSir and Zulu Wars, 
and has been Adrninistr. of Natal and M.L.C. 
and Com. of Forces in Transvaal, ret. 1887 and is 
Col. Boy. Berks. Begt.: b. 1828, mar. 1867, 2nd 
wife, Blanche St. John, dau. of Fras. A. Mosch- 
zisker, Esq., Ph.D. Res., Clevedon, Somerset. 

BELLAIB3, Eamon d'Albini, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1006) , Brit. Vice-Cons, at Biarritz. 

BELLAMY, Knight. Sir Joseph Arthur 
Bellamy, Kt. Bach. (1904), memb. of a steamship 
firm and holding office in Harbour Improvement 
and Gaslight Cos., late a C.C. for Plymouth, was 
Mayor 1901 and 1902 ; b. 1845, mar. i858 Susan 
Mill, dau. of Wm. S. Wilis, Esq. Res., Yalta, 
Mannamead, Plymouth. 

BELLAMY, Capt. Egbert, D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Boy. Suss. Begt. ; S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1S71. 

BELLEW, family name of following Barony. 

BELLEW {pron. Belyoo), Baron. Charles 
Bertram Bellew, 3rd Bn. (Jrel.), an Ir. Bepres. 
Peer (el. 1304) and a Bt., Lieut, of Co. Louth, 
formerly Capt. 6th Batt. Boy. Ir. Bines (Louth 
Mil.) : son of 2nd Bn. ; b. April 19, 1855 ; sue. 
1895 (<7.) ; mar. 18S3 Mildred Mary Josephine, 
dau. of Sir Humphrey de Trafford, 2nd Bt. 
Seat, Barmeath Castle, Dunleer S.O., Co. Louth. 

Creations, lrel : A Bt. 16S8 ; Bn. Bellew, 1S48.— The 
Bt. Kon. Sir Patrick Bellow, 7th Bt., Lieut, of Co. 
Louth, was the first to obtain this Peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 

Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1855.) 

Hon. George Leofold Bryan (at the will of his uncle 
assumed surname by licence i83i in lieu of Bellew), 
heir pres. to Barony, Maj. late 10th Hussars, 
served in Nile Expedn. 1884-5 and in S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1857. Res., with following. 

Hon. Bichard Eustace 2nd heir, b. 1858, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, Gwendoline Marie Josephine, dau. 
of wm. R. J. F. Herbert, Esq. (Hon. Mrs. Richd. 
B.). Res., Jenkinstown Pk., Kilkenny; 232 St. 
James's Ct., Buckm. Gt., S.W. 
Issue of ist Bn. (aunts of present) : 

(The late and Baron, b. 1830, d. 1895.) 

Hon. Prances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Woolmore 
Smith, b. 1832, mar. 1865 the late Capt. Jno. Wool- 
more S. ? but obtd. judic. sep. 1900 (he died 1903). 
lies., with following. 

Hon. - Annabella Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Conyers 
Tower, b. 1333, mar. 1S57 the late Lt.-Gen. Conyers 
T., CB. (d. 1903). Res., Thornfieid, Bugby. 

Hon. Fermina Maria Magdalena, now Hon. Mrs. 
Everard Stourton, b. 1835, mar. 1062 the late Capt. 
Hon. Everard S., son of 19th Bn. Stourton, q.v. 
under " Mowbray, Segrave," &e. 

BELLEW (GB ATT AN-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Christopher G-rattan-Bellew, 3rd Bt. (Z7.iT.1838), 
Maj. 4th Batt. Connaught Bangers (Spec Bes.), 
late Lieut. 5th Drgn. Gds., a D.L. for Galway 
(High Sheriff 1884) : son of the late Thos. A. 
Grattan-Bellew and nephew of 2nd Bt. (Bev. Sir 
Christopher^ZZew),b. i860, sue. 1867, mar. 1885 the 
following. Heir, his son Charles Christopher 
(b. 1887 ; 2nd heir, next son, William Arthur, b. 
1893). Seat, Mt. Bellew S.O., Co. Galway. 

BELLEW (GBATTAN-) , Lady Sophia Maria 
Elizabeth, dau. of 7th E. of Granard (q.v.) and 
wife of the preceding. 

Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

170 BEL 


BELLINGHAM, Baronet. Sir (Alan) Henry 
Bellingham, 4th Bt. (Gt. Br. 1796 ; a prev. creation 
lasted 1620-50), M. A., barrister-at-law, a D.L. for 
Co. Louth, a Commissr. of Nat. Educn. for Ireld. 
and Senator of Roy. Univ., Private Chamberlain 
to present and preceding Popes, formerly an M.P. 
and Capt. 6th Batt. Boy. Ir. Rifles (Louth 
Militia) : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1846, sue. 1889, mar. 
1895, 2nd wife, the following (1st wife was Lady 
Constance Noel, dau. of 2nd E. of Gainsborough). 
Heir, his son Edward Henry Charles Patrick 
(b. 1879 ; 2nd heir, next son, Roger Charles ISJoel, 
b. 1884). Seat, Bellingham Castle, Castlebelling- 
ham S.O., Co. Louth. 

*#* The ist Bt. was Secretary to Mr. Pitt and 11. P. for 
Reigate ; hence we must account for the title being of 
Gt. Britain instead of Ireland. 

BELLINGHAM, Hon . Lady, dau. of 23rd Bnss. 
Grey de Ruthyn (q.v.) and wife of above Bt. 

BELMORE, Earl of. Somerset Richard 
Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl (Irel.), P.C. (Irel. 1867), 
G.C.M.G. (1890), M.A., M.R.I.A., a Repres. 
Peer of Ireland (el. 1857), Lieut, of Tyrone, 
formerly Under - Sec. for Home Dept., Gov. 
of N.S. "Wales 1867-72, repeatedly an Acting Ld. 
Justice of Ireld., and has been Maj. of Lond. 
Irish Rifle Vols. : son of 3rd E. ; b. April 9, 1835 ; 
sue. 1845 (C.) ; mar. 1861 Anne Elizabeth Honoria, 
dau. of the late Capt. Jno. N. Gladstone, R.N., 
M.P. Seat, Castle Coole, Enniskillen. 

Creations. Irel. ; Bn. Belmore, 1781 ; Vise. Belmore, 
1739; E. of Belmore, 1797 (the "of "is correct, omitted in 
some books). " Vise. Corry " is the courtesy-title of the 
eld. son.— Armar Lowry-Corry, M.P. for Co. Tyrone, was 
awarded the three titles in succession. His father, 
Galbraith Lowry, assumed the additional name Corry. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (4th) E.: 
Lady Theresa L.-C, b. 1862. 

Lady Florence, now Lady F. Eden, b. 1864, max. 1893 
Lt.-Col. Jno. By. E., gt. -grandson of 3rd Bt. Res., 
Bishopton Grange, Ripon. 

The late Lady Madeline L.-C, b. 1863, d. 1893. 

Lady Mary L.-C, b. 1867. 

Vise. Corry, heir to Earldom: Armar L.-C, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, a D.L. and C.C. for Fermanagh, 
High Sheriff 1895, and for Tyrone 1901, formerly 
Capt. Roy.Innisk. Fus. (Mil.): b. 1870. Club, Carlton. 

Hon. Cecil L.-C, 2nd heir, b. 1873. Club, Fer- 
managh (Enniskillen). 

Hon. Ernest L.-C, b. 1874. Res., Estancia Santa 
Teresa, Gualeguay, Entre Rios, Argentina ; club, 

Lady Winifred L.-C, b. 1876. 

Lady Edith L.-C, b. 1878. 

Lady Violet L.-C,h. 1881. 

Lady Margaret L.-C, b. 1883. 

Lady Dorothy L.-C, b. 1885. 

Lady Kathleen L.-C, b. 1387. 

Surviving issue of 3rd E. (broa. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1835.) 

Adm. Hon. Armar L.-C. (retired list), b. 1836, 

widower. Res., 15 Warwick Sq., 8. W. 
Lady Louisa Ann, now Lady L. Maaems, b. 1837, mar. 

i860 the late Lt.-Col. Richd. Hy. M.(d. 1880). Res., 34 

Lennox Gdns., Chelsea, S.W. 
Lady Florence Elizabeth, now Lady F. King-King, 

b. 1842, mar. 1876 Wm. Edwd. K.-K., Esq. Res., 

Graftoubury, Hereford. 
Col. Hon. Henry AVilliam L.-C, M. A., a Co. Aid. for 

W. Suffolk and Climn. of Q.S., late coindg. Coldstrm. 

Gds., served in Suakin Expedn., ret. 1903, an M.P. 

1873-80 (C.) : b. 1845, mar. 1876 Hon. Blanche Edith 

Wood, dau. of ist Vise. Halifax (Hon. Mrs. Henry 

L.-C). Res., Edwardstone Hall, Bosford, Suffk., 

nr. Colchester. 

BELPER, Baron. Henry Strutt, 2nd Bn. 
(U.K.), P.C. (Gt. Br. 1895), LL.M., Hon. Col. 
(formerly comdg.) Sth. Notts. Imper. Yeom., and 

an A . D . C . f or Yeom . to H .M . , late Capt .Hon. Corps 
of Gentn. at Arms, isa D.L. for Notts, and Chmn. 
Notts. Q.S. and C.C, an M.P. 1868-74 and 1880 : 
son of 1st Bn. ; b. May 20, 1840 ; sue. 1880 {L. U.) ; 
mar. 1874 Lady Margaret Coke, dau. of 2nd E. of 
Leicester. Seat, Kingston Hall, Derby; town res., 
31 Cadogan Sq.,S."W. 

Creation. Bn. Belper, U.K. 1856. — The Rt. Hon. 
Edwd. Strutt, Lord Lieut, of Notts., who had married a 
daughter of the Bp. of Chichester, was the ist Peer. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

The late Hon. William S., b. 1875, d. 1898. 
Hon. Norah S., b. 1876. 

Hon. Lilian, now Hon. Mrs. Vernon Malcolmson, b. 

1877, mar. 1901 Vern. Austen M., Esq. Res., 21 

Draycott PL, S.W. 
Hon. Hilda, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. Allix,\>. 1879. mar. 

1906 Charles I. Loraine A., Esq. 
The deceased Hon. Reginald Edward S., b. 1881, d. 


Hon. Algernon Henrt S., heir to Barony, Lieut. 
2nd Life Gds. : b. 1883. (2nd heir, his ist cousin 
Edward Lisle S., b. 1874, son of late Hon. Arthur.) 

Hon. Margaret S., b. 1886. 

Hon. Muriel S., b. 1890. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1840.) 

Hon. Frederick S., a C.C. for Derbysh., Mayor of 

Derby 1903, formerly Lieut. S. Notts. Yeom. : b. 

1843. Res., Milford House, Derby. 
Hon. Sophia, now Hon. Lady Le Marchant, b. 1843, 

mar. 1869 (see "Le Marchant, Bt."). 
Hon. Caroline, now Hon. Lady Digby, b. 1848, mar. 

1870 Sir Kenelm Edwd. D., K.C.B., q.v. 
Hon. Mary Emily, now Hon. Mrs. Henry Handford, 

b. 1853, mar. 1893, 2nd husb., Henry Esq., 

M.D., F.R.C.P. Res., Elmfield, Southwell, Notts. 
Hon. Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Murray Smith, b. i860, 

mar. 1885 Geo. Murray S., Esq. Res., Gumley Hall, 

Mkt. Harborough, Leic. 

— D au. -in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur S. (Alice Mary Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late Ambrose L. M. Phillipps-de-Lisle, Esq.), 
mar. 1873, wid. 1877. Res., Milford House, Bourne- 

BELSHAW, Edward, I.S.O. (1903), formerly 
Ch. Clk. to Bd. of Education, S. Kensington : b. 
1844. lies., Sunnyside, Lee, S.E. 

BEMROSE, Knight. Sir Henry Howe Bern- 
rose, Kt. Bach. (1897), Chmn. of Bemrose and 
Sons, printers &c, Derby, and a Dir. of Parr's 
Derby Bank, Linotype, and other Cos., memb. 
of House of Laymen, an M.P. 1895-1900 (C), 
Mayor of Derby 1877, and formerly Capt. 1st 
Derbysh. Vols. : b. 1827, mar. 1855 Charlotte, 
dau. of "Wm. Brindley, Esq. Res., Lonsdale Hill, 

BENARES, H. H. Maharaja Sir Prabhu 
Narayan Singh, Bahadur of, G.C.I.E. (1898; 
K.C.I.E. 1890), has conferred great benefits 
on Benares by gifts of money and land (titles 
personal only, though the ' India List ' adopts bis 
usual style of Maharaja of Benares) : b. 1855. 
Res., Fort Ramnagar, Benares ; Chakia, Mirzapur. 

BENBOW, Knight. Sir Henry Benbow,K.C.K 
(Mil. 1902), D.S.O. (1891), served in Nile Expedn. 
18S4-5, late Ch. Insp. Machinery R.N., ret. 
1893 : b. 1838, mar. 1892 Elizabeth Jean, dau. of 
the late Hy. Bird, Esq. Res., Dormans Pk., 
Surrey, nr. E. Gr instead. 

BENDIGO, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. John Douse 
Langley, D.D., 2nd Bp., late Archdn. of Cumber- 
land (Aust.), Rect. of St. rhilip, Sydney, and 
Canon of Sydney Cathed. : b. 1836, cons. 1907. 
Res., Forest Hill, Bendigo, Victoria. 

BENEDEBALOCH &c, Baron {Scot. 1677)— 
see "Breadalbane, M. of." 

BENEDICT, Knight's "Widow (remrrd. and 
known as Mrs. Frank Lawson : Mary Comber, 
dau. of the late Hy. Fortey.Esq.), mar., 1st, 1879, 
as 2nd wife, Sir Julius Benedict, mus. composer 
(d. 1885) ; 2ndly, 1886. Frank Lawson, Esq. Res., 
22 Dover St., Piccadilly, W. 

BENGOUGH, Knight. Maj .-Gen. Sir Har- 
court Mortimer Bengough, K.C.B. (Mil. 1908), 
late Middx. Regt.; served in Crimea, Zululd., and 
Burma 1885-6 ; has comd. a 2nd class Dist. of 
Madras, troops in Jamaica, and a Brigade at 
Aldershot ; ret. 1898 : b. 1837, mar. 1876 Christina, 
dau. of H. Marbery, Esq. Bes., Winterdene, 
Brent Knoll, Highbridge S.O., Somerset. 

BENJAMIN, Knight's Widow. Lady B. 
(Fanny, dau. of Abraham Cohen, Esq., of Syd- 
ney), mar. 1857 Sir Benjamin Benjamin, Kt. 
Bach., formerly M.L.C. of Victoria and Mayor 
of Melbourne (d. 1905). Bes. t Canally, George 
St., East Melbourne. 

BENN, Knight. Sir John "Williams Benn, 
Kt. Bach. (1906), M.F. for Devonport (£.), a 
D.L. for Co. London, and L.C.C. (Chmn. 1904), 
formerly head of Benn Bros., publishers : b. 1850, 
mar. 1873 Lily, dau. of Jno. Pickstone, Esq. Bes., 
The Old Knoll, Blackheath, S.E. 

BENN, Maj. Robert Arthur Edward, CLE. 
(1904), LA., late Vice-Cons, for Seistan and Kain 
(Persia), now Polit. Assist, at Khelat, Baluchi- 
stan : b. 1867. 

BENNET, family name of Tankerville 
Earldom, q.v. for Lady Corisande and Hon. 
George. Lord Bennet, occasional courtesy-title of 
eld. son. 

BENNETT, Knight. Sir "William Henry 
Bennett, K.C.V.O. (1901), F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., and 
Fell, of Roy. Med. and Cbirurg. Socs., has been 
Exam, in Surg, at Camb. Univ. and Roy. Coll. of 
Surg., is a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., Consg. 
Surg, to St. George's Hospital, H.M.'s Insp. of 
Anatomy for the Metropolis, and an author of 
numerous med. works : b. 1852, mar. 1882 Isabel 
Lloyd, dau. of Thos. Dickinson, Esq. Bes., 1 
Chesterfield St., Mayfair, "W. 

BENNETT, Lt.-Col. Alfred Charles, D.S.O. 
(1902), late "W. Yorks. Regt. (Mil.); S. Africa 
1900-2. Bes., The Cleevelands, Bp.'s Cleeve, 

BENNETT, Maj. Alfred Joshua, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), N.S.W. Mtd. Inf. ; Soudan 1885, S. Africa 
1900-1 : b. 1865. Bes., Brucedale Pk., "Wagga 
Wagga, N.S.W. 

BENNETT, Maj. Charles Hugh, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Wore. Regt. ; S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 

BENNETT, Courtenay Walter, CLE. (1900), 
F.R.C.I., British Cons. -Gen. at New York, prev. 
San Francisco, and hag been Cons, at Bilbao, 
Panama, Guatemala, Rio Grande do Sul, and 
Reunion: b. 1855. Bes., Brit. Consulate-Gen., 
New York. 

BENNETT, George Wheatley, I.S.O. (1903), 
late Acct. and Controller-Gen. Customs Dept. (ret. 
1906) : b. 1845. Bes., Westerholme, Ilminster 
S.O., Somerset. 

BENNETT, Engr.-Rear-Adm. James Martin 
Cameron, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Perak 1875-6. 

BENNETT, Thomas Jewell, CLE. (1903), 
chief proprietor of the Times of India, which 
he edited 1892-1901. Bes., Bryn Cregin, De- 
ganwy, Llandudno, and Bombay. 

BEN 171 

BENNETT, Col. William, D.S.O. (1886), 
Yorks. Regt. retd. (1890) ; Hasara 1868 and Nile 
Expedns. 1884-6 : b. 1835. Address, c/o Messrs. 
Holt and Co., 3 Whitehall PL, S.W. 

BENSON, Knight. Hon. Sir Ralph Sillery 
Benson, Kt. Bach. (1906), M.A., LL.B., a Puisne 
Judge of High Ct. of Madras, and Vice-Chanc. 
of Madras Univ., formerly Acting Commissr. of 
Nilgiris, Rev. and Forest Settmt. Offr., and 
Under Sec. to Govt.: b. 1851, mar. 1876 Fanny 
Catharine Alice, dau. of Rev. W. W. Gilbeit- 
Cooper. Bes., Doveton House, Madras. 

BENSON, Arthur Christopher, C.V.O. (1907), 
M.A., F.R.Hist.S., late an Assist. Master at Eton, 
joint editor of "Queen Victoria's Letters": 
b. 1862. Bes., Magdalene Coll., Cambridge. 

BENSON, Capt. Charles Bingley, D.S.O. 
(1902), Oxfordsh. L.I.; S. Africa 1901-2 : b. 1876. 
Address, c/o Messrs. Cox and Co., Charing Cross, 

BENSON, Maj. -Gen. Fbederick Willi am, CB. 
(Mil. 1900-1), late 17th Lancers; Fenian Raid in 
Canada, S. Africa 1899-1900, now in charge of 
Administr., Southn. Comd. : b. 1849. Bes., 

BENSON, Maj. Henry Wiohtman, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), E. Surrey Regt. retd. ; S.Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1855. 

BENT, Knight. Hon. Sir Thomas Bent, 
K.C.M.G. (1908), Premier, Treas., and Min of 
Rails, in Victoria. 

BENTINCK, Count. The Mostlllustr. William 
Charles Philip Otho Bentinck, 7th Ct. (Graf— 
Holy Bom. Emp., i.e., Austro-Germany, 1732), 
also Ct. of Waldeck - Limpurg and Ct. of 
Aldenburg, Hered. Memb. of Upper H. of Parlt. 
Wurtemberg, formerly in Engl. Diplom. Serv. : 
bro. of 6th Ct., b. 1848, sue. 1874 as Ct. von B. 
and Aldenburg, and became Ct. of Waldeck-L. 
by contract with his mother in 1888 ; mar. 1877 
Freiherrin Marie Cornelia von Heeckeren-Av as- 
senaer (Ctss. or Grafin B.). Bes., Gaildorf, 
Wurtemberg; Weldam, Goor, Overyssel, Hol- 
land ; Middachten, Arnhem, Gelderland, do. ; 
13 Voorhout, The Hague. 

*** This house has been reckoned among the Gelderland 
nobility from 1377. All descendants of the 5th Count are 
authorised to prefix "Count" or "Countess" to their 
Christian names for use in this country, but the 
daughters lose the title upon marriage. We have thus 
the following list : 

Counts and Countesses. 
Issue of present (jth) Ct. : 

Ctss. Mechtild Corisande Renira Mary, now Ctss. 

Castell, b. 1877, mar. 1905 Casimir, Hered. Ct. C. 
Ct. William Frederick Charles Henry B., heir to 

title, Lieut, in Prussian Gardes du Corps, b. 1880. 
Ct. Fredk. Geo. Unico Wm. B., and heir, b. 1SS8. 
Ctss. Isabella Antoinette Mary Clementina B., 
b. i83t>. 

Issue of 5th Ct. (bros. and sist. of present) : 

(Present Count Bentinck, b. 1848. ) 

Ct. Chas. Reginald Adelbert B., Capt. in Prussian 

Army, b. 1853, mar., but mrrge. dissolved: issue— 

Ctss. Mary Amelia Mechtild Agnes, b. 1879, Res., 

Zuylestein, Utrecht, Holland. 
Ct. Godard John Geo. Chas. B., b. 1857, mar. 1884 

Ctss. Augustine W. Louise A. de Bylandt : issue— 

Ct. Chas. Arthur Renaud Wm. Godard Aug. B., 

b. 1885; Ct. Godard Adrian Hy. Jules, b. 1887; 

Ctss. Eliz. Mechtild Marie Sophie Louise, b. 1892 ; 

Ct. Jno. Victor Richd. Rodolphe, b. 1895; Ct. 

William Henry Ferdinand Godard, b. 1900. Res., 

Amerongen Castle, Prov. Utrecht. 
• Ctss. Victoria Mary Frederica Mechtild B., b. 1863. 

Res., with Ct. Charles. 

Baronetage) Knightage, Sc. 

172 iiEN Directory 

— D au. -in-law: 

Ctss. Aklenburg B. (Henrietta Eliza Cathcart, dau, 
of the late Robt. M'Kerrell, Esq.), mar, 1374 the 
late Ct. Hy. 0. A. F. Yf. Aldeuhurg B. (prev. 6th 
Ct. Bentinck, but on nirrge. resigned title to hia 
bro. ; b. 1S46, d. 1903) ; issue— Ct. Robt. Chas. , 
b. 1875 ; Renira Christine (late Ctss.), b. 1877, mar. 
1D5S Bn. Alex, de Heeckeren de Kelt ; Ct. Chas. 
Henry, 3rd Sec. in Brit. Emb. St. Petersburg, 
b. 1879 ; Ct. Henry Duncan, Lieut. Coldstrm. Gds., 
b. 188 1 ; Ctss. Vreula Viceoaia Ursula Henrietta, 
b. iZZi ; Ct. Arthur Win. Douglas, and Ctss. Naomi 
RIechtild Henrietta, b. 1837 (twins). Res., S3 Green 
St., Park Ln., W. 

BENTINCK, Maj. Walter Guy, D.S.O. (1902), 
Rifle Brigade retd. ; S. Africa 1899-1902, now a 
Magiat. there : b. 1864. Ees., The Residency, 
Wakkerstroom, Transvaal ; Laraehmore, Stra- 
chan, Banchory S.O., Kincards. 

only, family name of Portland Dukedom, q.v. 
for "Lords" and Lady Victoria, see also index 
under " Cavendish." 

BENTON, John, CLE. (1902), Insp.-Gen. of 
Irrign. to Pub. Works Dept., late Supt. Engr. 
atMandalay: b. 1850. 

BENU A RR AT, Baron of. Giuseppe Attar d- 
Montalto, 7th Bn. (Malta 1737), Treas. of Cmttee. 
of Privileges, Malta, and memb. of Soc. of St. 
Vincent de Paul : b. 1S70, sue. 1892 (related col- 
laterally to predecessor). Heir pres., his bro. 
Paolino, dei Baroni Attard-Montalto (b. 1875 ; 2nd 
heir, latter' s son Angiolino, dei Baroni A.-M., b. 
1898). Ees., Marsa Scala Bay, Malta; 11 Strada 
Britannica, Valetta. 

BENUARRAT, Baron's Widow. Bnss. B. 
(Angiolina, dau. of Antonio Manduca, dei Conti 
di Mont' Alto), mar. 1869 6th Bn. of Benuarrat 
(d. 1892). Res., with present Bn., also at Zeitun, 

BERESFORD, family name of Waterford 
Marquessate, which see for issue styled " Lord " 
(Lord Chas. below) or "Lady," but the Dectes 
Barony (Horsley - Beresford), and below, for 
" Hons." 

BERESEORD, Baron (Irel. 1720)— see " Water- 
ford, M. of." 

BERESEORD, Knight and Peer's Son. Adm. 
Lord Charles William de la Poer Beresford, 
G.C.VO. (1906), K.C.B. (Mil. 1903), D.C.L., re- 
peatedly an M.P. (0.), and was Nav. A.D.C. to 
late Queen and Jun. Lord of Admiralty, served 
at Alexandria (where he was appd. Gov.) and in 
Nile Espedn., accompd. H.R.H. Prince of Wales 
(now H.M. the King) to India 1875-6, now Com. 
of Channel Fleet : son of 4th M. of Waterfor