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NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08254170 1 




AGl 



Who's Who in Arizona 



Volume I. 
1913 



Compiled and Published by 
JO CONNERS 



PRESS OF 

THE ARIZONA DAILY STAR 
TUCSON, ARIZONA 



Index 



Aker, Joseph Wiley 451 

Alexander, Charles 777 

Alger, Thomas G 778 

Anaya, Enrique V 659 

Anderson, Ernest E 427 

Anderson, Hakan J 765 

Anderson, Leroy 158 

Apache County 87 

Arizona 5 

Arizona Copper Company 1 3X 

Arizona's Greatest Industry Ill 

Arizona Land Commission 334 

Arizona Lumber & Timber Co 400 

Arizona Mine Supply Company. .. .4X0 
Arizona National Bank, Tucson... 271 

Arizona Supreme Court 501 

Arizona Tax Commission, The 327 

Armijo, J. R 600 

Arnold, John William 401 

Arthur, R. G 750 

Asbury, H. W 594 

Ashurst, Henry F 685 

Atwood, Julius Walter 421 



Babbitt Bros 406 

Babbitt, Don C 731 

Babbitt, George 324 

Bailey, Harry Stanton 260 

Bailey, Neill Edwards 421 

Baker. Dr. William A 681 

Baker, Judge Albert C 168 

Baker, Alexander B 170 

Ball, J. M 655 

Bank of Arizona, The, Erescott. . .767 

Bank of Bisbee, The 206 

Barkdoll, Ivan Harry 486 

Barker, Alexander 563 

Bank of Saft'ord, The 754 

Bashford-Burmister Co 429 

Bate, Thomas Henry 638 

Baxter, Prank 512 

Bayless, Charles H 225 

Beckett, Percy Gordon 469 

Bennett, W . A 778 

Bennitt, E. J 200 

Benshimol, David 175 

Berault, Charles 739 

Uirilno, John Joseph 689 

Blake, Ed M 259 

Blorne, Dr. Rudolph H. H 314 

Boehringer, Miss C. Louise 617 

i-iogan, J. W 775 

Bogard, James Gilliam 538 

Boido, Dr. Rosa Goodrich 612 

Bourne, James Blair 751 

Bowler, Col. Fred H 404 

Bowman, Thomas E b^o 

Boyce, Jesse Lawrence 341 

Bradner, Sam Blain 729 

Brannen, Phil C 396 

Breen, Fred S 7i' 1 

Brisley, Harry -145 

Brockvvay, Dr. George M 6 , ti 

Brookner, William W 414 

Brooks, Byrtl 289 

Brooks, William E 646 

Brophy, W. H 4 In 

Brown, Benjamin 459 

Brown, Edgar A 322 

Brown, J. Fred 726 

Bryan, Jesse H 441 

Buchanan; John W 734 

Bullard, George Purdy 354 

Bunch, Prof. E. C 316 

Burbase, William H 241 

Burt, William L 415 

Burtch, Dr. Lewis A 193 

Butler, Percival Page 4X1 

Byrne, Cy 338 



Calisher, Harry B 345 

Callaghan, John C '. . . .352 

Calumet & Arizona Mining Co.... 144 

Cameron, Ralph Henry 499 

Campbell, Hugh H 552 

t 'ampbell, John Henry 166 

( 'ampoell, Thomas E 497 

Candelaria, P. B 6tm 

Cannon, Laura Gregg 6ns 

Oarey, 1 >r. Leon Barker 677 

Carmichael, Norman 49ii 

Carpenter, Lewis T 364 

Carvil, G. W. M 720 

Case, C. 309 

Cass, George W 385 

Chafln, Eugene Wilder 592 

Chalmers, Louis H 374 

Chapman, Lebbeus 203 

Chase, George H 712 

Chenowith, Dr. W. "F 196 

Cheverton, H. A 212 

Chingren, Amanda M 784 

Christy, Lloyd B 200 

Christy, Col. William (deceased) . .197 
Citizens Bank & Trust Co., Bisbee. 26, 
Citizens Bank of Thatcher, The.. 762 

Clark, C. A. & Co 411 

Clark, D. M 586 

Clark, Elias S 378 

Clark, John Milton 411 

Clark. W. H 641 

Claridge, D. H 802 

Clayton, Ernest W 757 

Cobb, Lamar 739 

Coc'hise County 51 

Oocke, George F 807 

Coconino County 75 

Coenen, Anthony 276 

Coggins, Lewis W 284 

Coldwell, Percy V 579 

Cole, Amos Wilson 786 

Coleman, Emma B. (Deceased) ).. 613 

Colley, Hylton H 479 

Colter, Fred Tuttle 408 

Comstock. Oliver E 412 

Consolidated National Bank, The. .216 

Cooper, William Fenimore 506 

Cupper Queen Hotel, The 

Copper Queen Mining Co., The.... 113 

Corbett. J. Knox 781 

Oorbett, W. J 289 

Costley, William M 

Cowan. Lawrence Oscar 417 

Cox, Franklin Ivy 3SS 

Cox, J. B 244 

Oraig. 1 >r. Gfiirgc 1 >e ls i 2ii 

Cramer, William B 4SC, 

Crampton. J. F. ami .1. W M4 

Crawford, Ben M 581 

Creswell, O. N 325 

Crofooti Frank L 532 

Oronin, Daniel Joseph 

Crosby, Benjamin B 410 

Crosby. < icorge Henry 533 

Crosby, Jesse E 534 

Cummings. Charles L 691 

Cunniff, Michael Glen 

Cunningham, Donm-ll I. a Fayette.503 

Cunningham, M. J 208 

Curry, A. G 736 

Curtis, Bracey 

Cufhbei-t, Hugh Thornton.. 

I >avis. Harry Austin 716 

1 lavis, Thomas -196 

Deming, Paul H 

Derrick, L. C 

Detroit Copper Co., The. . . 

Devine, Thomas 

I H-VOI i-, David 



DeWitt. Albert Clinton 4L'l 

I >ick, I'.entoii 5-6 

I i, ,.,ii. Flddier Morris 167 

I i.ian. Frank Al 1"! 

I >oe. F.dward Al l' ; 6 

1 lonkersley, 11. II 395 

Moral). Major A. J Cll'.l 

I i,,nl>lc Cirri,' Cattle Co., The -Ill 

I louglas, I >r. James Ill) 

I nubias. The City of 61 

I h.nglas I M-IIX Co 4.' 

I >on.t;]as. Walter 163 

I .oiiglass. IT. Andrew Ellicott. . . .315 

I >, .well, (Irani II 471 

I >owns, Dr. Lawsoii Welch 196 

I i.. vie. Lee A 6!'j 

lu-ennan. Tlnmias M 7!'ii 

I 'iiffy, Frank J 509 

I Minrun, .lames Franklin 7H 

1 )iuic-aii, .K't't" 570 

1 )nncan, \V. G 569 

1 tmilap. Hurt "03 

Dunlap, Horace- E 279 

Dunlap, John T 648 

Diuist-atli, .lames It 174 

Earhart, Raymond Kemp el 580 

Edwards, David L 6611 

Efromson, J. C 263 

Ellinwood. Everett E 150 

Kllis, C. O -'09 

Kllis, John 556 

Kllis Kindergarten 291 

Ellis, Lucy Terrill 616 

Etchells, John C 225 

Fail-child, Frank P 51* 

Fa'ir Commission, The State 552 

Farley, P. J 573 

Farquahar, Julius Theodore 589 

Faull, James P I; :,N 

Fenner, Dr. Hiram W 184 

First National Bank of Clifton 250 

First National Bank of Douglas. . .264 

First National Bank of Globe 2sti 

First National Bank of Negates. .. 238 

Fitzsimmons, H. 262 

Fleming, George A 423 

Forest, John C 381 

Fortune, Walter C -j-' 1 ; 

Fowler. Benjamin A 796 

Franklin. Alfred 501 

Franklin, Selim M 172 

Fraser, Malcomb 637 

Fredericks. R. N 21 

Freeman, Merrill P.. LI.,. D 217 

French, Stuart W 463 

Freudenthal, Ph 7o9 

Frist, Samuel 61- 

Fuller, G. G 2J 

Furman, William S 179 

Gadsden Hotel, The 752 

Galliver, H. M 232 

Ganz, Emil 233 

Gates, Frank 819 

Garcia, Monioo ;>s ' 

Gideon, Joseph P 625 

Gila County 

Gila Valley Bank & Trust Co 2o5 

GilHrd, Alfrel K 4 '' 

Gillen, James J 

Gihiion-. W. G -* 

Girand. J. B ' <' 

Globe-Miami District, The 121 

Godfrey. Dr. Edward Settle 678 

Goetz. William C 745 

Goldman, Charles 237 

Goldschmidt, Leo 21 

Goldwater, Morris 21 

Gonzales, Nasianceno 4-1 

Goodman. Frank R '41 

Graham County 45 

Gra'ham, William John *>;,, 



i lian.l ( 'anyoii, The Htti 

( It aves. I-'-. W 2<;ii 

< tray, Joseph 1 1 .v.'o 

1,1, er, i Ijli'erl 10 717 

Ureer! K I' 2sf, 

i Ireene, 1 >r. William Arnold 6i.J 

( Ireeiilaw, Charles A 461 

C reel i leaf. Mel 774 

( Ireclllee ColintV 97 

(Iieen\vay, John ('.iniphell 4!5 

( It -eg.H, Jesse ''^' > 

Grimes. I'ji^cnc (Jack Tyler) :)'.<* 

( Ii-indell. lOii wai'd 1' 7SL' 

1 [all. I'erry 561 

Hammill, ( ). o. ( Deceased > 4::i 

llatnmoiis, Andrew Thompson 4:>5 

1 lampton, John H 

Jlankins, M. C 

I i. i n i iy. \ ic 456 

Ilanison, J. H 645 

llaskins. Mis. A hi. if 614 

Hatch. Ezra T 598 

Hawkins, Albert S 539 

Hawkins. John J 164 

Hawkins, Lyndsay D -'I' 1 

I laydeii. Carl 6S7 

lla'ynes, \V. F 544 

llazeltine. Moses B <<3 

li.-ad, A. J 4r. 4 

Heap, Harry W *''< 

Heard. 1. wight 15 7(1] 

Heath, Charles E 706 

Hechtman. John Franklin 156 

Henderson, Alexander S 550 

Henderson, .1. R 5o4 

Henning, Lloyd C 244 

Hereford, Frank H 152 

Herold, Otto H 240 

Herold, Phil 799 

Hesser, Thomas J 606 

Hicks, C. W 788 

High, Morris C 681 

Hilzinger, < leorge 521 

Hine, Major Charles 694 

Hoar, Frederick Walpole, E. M -\'.>- 

Hodges, James T 578 

Hodgson, Joseph Park 476 

Holbrook & Springerville Stage... 4oS 

Holcombe, Dr. J. Delaney 6,4 

Holt, Elgin B 

Holt, Walter E 629 

Hopkins, Benjamin Franklin 628 

Horton. Kverett Victor 536 

HotcJiKiss, Henry H 788 

Howard, L. Ogilvie 485 

Howard, T. P 

Howe, Alvan W 4t 

Howe, Charles R 31 

Howell, James A 63b 

Howell. Peter E 574 

Hubbell, J. Lorenzo 

Huffman, Dr. Ira Erven ] 

Hughes, F. A. 564 

Hughes, John T -H 

Hughes, Mrs. Josephine Brawley..602 

Hughes. L. C 358 

Hulett Arthur Gibbons 39, 

Hunt. G. W. P 7!>7 

Huxtable, E. J 

Igo, John 418 

Ingalls. Frank S 342 

Ingraham, Fred L 530 

Inspiration Consol. Mining Co 126 

Irvine, J. A. R 707 

Jacobs. Leon S 525 

Jacobson. Anthon E 559 

Januel. George 635 

Jennings. Harry H 7X6 

Johnson, David F 789 

Johnson, Harry 371 



Johnson, Norman J 383 

Jones, Charles L 787 

Jones, Daniel P 731 

Jones, Francis Asbury 709 

Jones, Wiley E 333 

Kane, Matthew H 736 

Karns, Harry J 639 

Kaufman, R. C " H 

Keating, J. G 583 

Keegan, John J 555 

Keeler, Charles C 543 

Kelly, J. J 253 

Kelly, William E 575 

Kelt'on, Carl ton B 500 

Kennedy, Kenneth 478 

Kent, Edward 374 

iveiiyon, Charles H. (deceased) .. .783 

Ken yon, Mrs. Charles H 783 

Keppler, Charles B 4 is 

Keppler, H. D 817 

Kerby, James H 566 

Kerr, James Roberts 805 

Kibbey, Joseph H 154 

Kingan, Samuel L . . 154 

Kingdon, George 475 

Kingsley, Dr. Alfred G 186 

Kinney, Alfred 714 

Knight. Hyrum J 600 

Kreuder, Charles 624 

Krook, Carl J 510 

La Chance, Mrs. Imogene F 610 

Ladd, Leroy Austin 

Laine, Frank Bray 505 

Langdon, John 

L<arson, Thorwald 177 

Lathlean, H. W 429 

Lathrop, W. P 258 

Lay ton, F. M 646 

Layton, ixT. C 39 I 

Lee, Mrs. Inez H .'']- 

Lentz, Dr. John A 674 

Leonard, Clay Finson 318 

Lewis, Ernest William 1 t'.x 

Ling, Reamer -"'i_is 

Ling, Reese M : '^s 

Linney, Hantwell Henderson 372 

Little,' Peter C 17N 

l.i.ckwnod, Alfred C 520 

Looney, Dr. Robert N 670 

Loper, John D 808 

Lopez, Theodore 601 

Lovin, Henry 494 

I ,ynch, Andrew Richmond 387 

Lyons, Michael 556 

Manning, Dr. G. F., Jr 186 

Manning, Dr. G. F 184 

Manning, L. H 696 

Manning, Dr. Thomas Peyton 186 

Marshall, Mrs. Eva M 32 I 

Marshall, Hugh D., Jr 230 

Mars ton, Philip L 481 

Marvin, William Eaton 568 

iviashbir, Sidney F 744 

Mason. Lon 811 

Matthews, Arthur John :: 1 1 

Mattox, Frank 734 

Mayne, Richard Willis 482 

McAlister, Archibald Gilbert 518 

Me Alpine, Angus 485 

McClear, J. M 27. r > 

McClintock, James H 4-7 

McClung, H. J 229 

McDonald, C. A 271 

McDonald, Mart 820 

Mcuougall, M. C 229 

MrGee, James E 5 I :< 

McKee, Will E 269 

MeKnigbt, W. S ir,n 

Merchants Bank & Trust Co., The. 2x9 
Metcalfe, Charles Si':.' 



Mets, John 289 

Miami Mine, The 124 

Miller, Arthur W ' 44:f 

Miller, Dr. Edwin Seymour 668 

Miller, P. J 330 

Miller, W. Curtis 596 

Mimiaga, Dr. Francis 665 

Ming, Allan B 5*17 

.Mining- Department, The 109 

Mix, Edward Leander 597 

Mix, L. W 7X7 

Moeur, Dr. Benjamin Baker 319 

Mohave County 89 

Mi (have County Mining 148 

Mohave County Officials 026 

Alol.mey, J. J 436 

Moody. William A 337 

Moore, A. A 653 

Moore, Andrew Jackson 5X7 

Moore, Kirk T 527 

Moore, R. E IT. 7 

M ( irgan , Henry A 2.7 

Morgan, J. W 625 

Morgan, William 447 

Morrill, Austin Winfield 399 

Morrison, Robert E XM I 

Mullen, Charles P 343 

Mulvenon, W. J 426 

Munds. Frances Lilian 606 

Munson, Dr. Earnest 665 

Murphy. F. M 213 

Murphy, John 3xs 

Murphy. Owen 575 

National Bank of Arizona, The. . . .2:;:; 
Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust Co. .241 

Navajo Comity N:: 

Nelson, Fred W 242 

Nelson, John 799 

New-man, R. L 434 

Nichols, Thomas F 739 

Noon, Dr. A. H 666 

Noon, Samuel Frederick r.:;r. 

Norris. Thomas G 523 

Northern Arizona Normal School.. 300 

Norviel, Winfield Scott 584 

Nowell, Mrs. Ruth May 615 

Oberf elder, Simon 235 

O'Connor, James E 516 

O'Keefe Family : 622 

Old Dominion Mining & Smelt. Co. .121 

O'Neil, W. D 640 

Orme, John P 794 

Ormsby, John M 201 

Osborn, Sidney P 350 

i > Sullivan, Patrick W 

Pace, "William Wilson 653 

Packard, Burdett Aden 266 

Parker. James A 742 

Parker, P. P .425 

Pascoe, Thomas A 790 

Patagonia District, The 146 

Patterson, Joseph B 400 

Pat ty, John D. . 54 2 

Peck, Arthur Leslie 5, r >0 

I viton. Roger T I7N 

Peralta, Sylvester 547 

Perkins. Frederick Wellington . . . .513 

Peter, C. A 773 

Petrified Forests of Arizona. The. 106 
Phelps-Dodge Mercantile Co., The.4:',s 

Phillips, John C... 519 

Phoenix National Bank, The 

Final County 91 

Pinyan, Robert L 4f.x 

Pirtle. K. R 74X 

Pishon, Charles K XI o 

Plumer. N. E 2-4 ti 

Plunkott. W. H 326 

Pollock, T. E 7.". 1 

Porges, Myron 261 



Potts, John C C.'.it 

Powell. Louis W Till' 

I '< . \v i- is, William 813 

Pr. na, Z. O 348 

Pres.-ott National I 1 ,. ink, The 211 

Pioehaska, Joe V 413 

Proel.ytel, Ike 661 

Pryce. \\'iiiiu.in M HIM 

I'lilliiLin, Thomas K 546 

Pun-ell. Sylvester \V 176 

Purdy, l>r. Harry \V 195 

Rae, Robert 472 

Randolph, Epes 693 

Ray Consolidated Mining Co., The. 135 

Redewill, l>r. Francis H 189 

Kimart. Leslie ll 2:16 

Richards, J lugo 769 

Richards, J. Ezra 59.x 

Richardson, David 1 1 1 

Richey, U. T 3Mi 

Richey, Tom K 528 

Kicketts, I >r. L. l> 6x2 

Riggs, W. M 2x3 

Riley, William J 252 

Roberts, C. M 281 

Robertson. Henry Quintus 317 

Robinson, James N 288 

Rodgers, Dr. Mark A 672 

Rogers, Frank W 649 

Rolflng, John 801 

Roosevelt Dam, The 103 

Rose. Patrick 819 

Ross, John Mason 150 

Kt.ss, Henry D 501 

Roy & Titcomb, Inc- 4i>2 

Rutherford, Forest 473 

Ruthrauff, J. Mos 742 

Ryan Drug Co 435 

Ryan, .James C 741 

Ryan, William 436 

Ryan, Joe B 436 

Saginaw & Man is tee Dumber Co.. 746 

Saint Mary's Hospital 669 

Salt River Valley, The 21 

Sames, Albert M 386 

Sampson, Archibald J 158 

Santa Cruz County 39 

Sapp, Sidney 514 

Sawyer, Gordon Haywanl 248 

Saxon, Harry J 806 

Schell, I )r. Clara M 666 

Schute, George Walter 521 

Sehulz. Charles H 5 , . 

Scofield. Roger William 483 

Servin, Dr. Guillermo R 663 

Shannon Copper Co., The 141 

Shattuck- Arizona Copper Co 128 

Shattuck, Lemuel C 204 

Sherman Gerald Fitzgerald 471 

Shine, Dr. Francis Bppes 182 

Sims, Dr. W. P 676 

Simms. Minor 442 

Slaughter, John H 430 

Sliker, Eugene 348 

Sloan, Richard E 356 

Smelker, Dr. Van Archil. aid 188 

Smith, Charles Sumner 490 

Smith. Cornelius 718 

Smith, Frank 517 

Smith, Joseph W 761 

Smith, Marcus A 685 

Smith R. C 581 

Smith R. W 571 

Snow, Le Roi C 762 

Solomon, Charles F 2i3 

Solomon. I. E 758 

Southern Ariz. Bank & Trust Co.. 245 

Stabler, Alvin Kemper 595 

'Stephens. William 811 

Steinfeld, Albert 221 

St. Michael Hotel 815 

Stewart, E. T 576 



Si. \\.trt, Sidney H ................ 2"2 

Stiles, Uarnctt ..................... 599 

Stutiema n, Geurgu J ............... 376 

Sullivan, 1'at ...................... 437 

Miliivan, Ivter 11 ................. 77U 

Suit, Dr. C. W ..................... MM 

Supreme Court, Last Territorial. .375 
Sutler. Frederick Arthur .......... 5114 

Sweeney, Jcjlill .1 .................. 236 

A. \V ..................... 7v> 



Taylor, Frank Joseph .............. 548 

'1 empe Normal School, The ........ 305 

Tin .mas. 1 I in. son ................... 7s.. 

Thomson, Alexander T ............ 4!m 

'I hompSDii, Cleveland < ' ............ 590 

Thompson, Thomas 1' ............. i'.->i 

Thorne, I'aul (Jhaney .............. 390 

'I horpe, F. H ...................... 274 

Todd, J. R ........................ 262 

'i ompson, John \\' ................. 3S2 

Ti lohey. 1 iedmond ................. Sn:{ 

Trippt-1, JOugeiu; J ................. 585 

Trott, Frank P .................... 347 

'j.ruman. George 10 ............... 748 

Tucson and Pima County .......... i;:;i 

Tuthill, Dr. Alexander M .......... 192 

Tyler, Frank X ................... 765 

t'nited Verde Mining Co., The ..... 130 
University of Arizona, The ........ L'94 

Valley Bank, The .................. 197 

Van Gorder, Harry S .............. 2.06 

Vasquez, Rudolfo .................. 634 

Vaug-han, Frances Joseph ......... 655 

Vaughn. Lor en Felix .............. 160 

Verkamp, L.eo Frederick .......... 44w 

Walker, Charles E ................. 222 

Wanvig, John D., Jr ............... 499 

\\'atsun, George Frank ............ 808 

Webb, W. T ....................... 331 

Welch, Guy Crittenden ........... 621 

Welker, J. R ....................... 757 

Wells, Edmund W ................. 770 

Wessel, Fred W ................... 720 

Wheeler, Harry C ................. 542 

W hippie, William .................. 724 

White. Harriett T ................. 321 

White, Henry C ................... 3-'0 

\Vhiteside, Dr. John Rowland ..... 195 

Wick, John D ...................... 258 

Wiekersham, 1 >avid Wilmot ...... 755 

Wilde Arthur Herbert ............ 309 

Willard, Mrs. Mary Grace ......... 605 

Willcox Bank & Trust Co., The... 2, 6 
W illiams, E. Milton ............... 250 

Williams, Tenney D ............... 224 

Willis, John Henry ................ 728 

Wills. Thomas N .................. 453 

Wilson, Charles Birge ............. 537 

Winsor, Mulford ................... 336 

Wood. Chalmers Barbonr .......... 71 s 

Wood. Homer R .................. sol 

\\ooddell. Charles E .............. 742 

Woods, Henry Mead.' ............. 642 

Woods, James Andrew ............ 393 

Woods, .Joseph F .................. 562 

Woodward, Gertrude Hughes ...... 611 

W.irsley. Albinus A ................ 369 

Worthinnton, William Heaver ..... 416 

Wren. Powhatan S. . ..557 



Wren, Powhatan S. 
Wright, A. Y. 



.163 



Yavapai County 65 

Young. George F 161 

Young Rudolph J 644 

Vuma County 78 

Zander, C. M 327 




'ITH pleasure we present this volume dealing with 
'the resources, various industries and institutions and 
many points of interest in Arizona, the youngest State 
in the Union. This hook also commemorates the ac- 
tivities and achievements of those Arizonans who have 
contributed to the development and are now furthering the growth 
and progress of this great commonwealth. Owing to the book 
being larger and more complete than was originally intended, pub- 
lication has been delayed, but we feel that the delay is justified in 
the improvement which has resulted. Even so, the book is not en- 
tirely satisfactory, and in a short time a revised edition will follow. 
There arc a number of citizens whose contributions to the upbuilding 
of Arizona are such that their omission from the volume leaves it 
incomplete. They will be given space in the new edition. We be- 
lieve this second attempt will surpass any previous publication deal- 
ing with Arizona, both in scope and method of treatment. Like the 
present volume the next edition will be strictly a home production 
issued from the job department of the Arizona Daily Star at Tucson. 
We desire to extend thanks to those who have made this book a suc- 
cess, by extending their financial support, suggestions and encourage- 
ment. 

THE PUBLISHER. 






W HO S WHO 




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IN ARIZONA 



ARIZONA 



Although the youngest state, Arizona is one of the largest and is 
u'ithout doubt the richest in natural resources. Her history is most 
interesting, and exemplifies the saying "Truth is stranger than fiction." 
The story of the settlement of the territory, the gaining of statehood, 
and the development of the marvelous industries and the many points 
of interest are here briefly outlined. 

IT WAS during the trying times of the Civil War, in 1863, that 
President Lincoln approved the act establishing the Territory of 
Arizona, and what had previously been the County of Arizona was 
then formally separated from New Mexico. At the time of the or- 
ganization of the Territory of Arizona the white population was 
20,000. Provision had been made for changing the boundaries, and 
by adding certain portions of it to Nevada in 1866 the Arizona of 
today was outlined. John A. Gurley of Ohio was first appointed 
governor, but as he died before assuming the office, John N. Goodwin 
of Maine, who was appointed to take his place, was the first acting 
Governor. Governor Goodwin, in company with a detachment of 
cavalry, traveled westward from Santa Fe, and at Navajo Springs 
hoisted the American flag and read President Lincoln's Proclamation 
of Establishment. Another short stop having been made at what is 
now Del Rio railway station, they then passed on to the new military 
post at Whipple Barracks, and thence to Prescott, where in the winter 
of 1864-1865 the first legislative session of Arizona was held in a log 
hut especially erected, the first meeting having occurred October 4, 
1864. In 1867 the capitol was removed to Tucson, then the most 
important settlement in the Southwest, but after ten years was re- 
turned to Prescott, where it remained until 1889, when the first Act 
of the Legislature was to remove the capitol and the pending session 
to Phoenix. There, prior to 1901, the year which saw the comple- 
tion of the new capitol building, the sessions were held in the City 
Hall. At the first session of the Legislature the Territory was di- 
vided into four counties, Pima, Yuma, Mohave and Yavapai, named 
for the friendly tribes of Indians. Maricopa, the fifth county, was 
organized in 1871 out of Yavapai, while Greenlee, the fourteenth 
and last organized, was formed from Graham. 

The history of Arizona is replete with wonderful achievement and 
no State or Territory has made greater progress or become better 



W H S \V H O 



known during the past two decades. General attention has been 
more intensely directed toward it since its admission to the Union; 
hut its own abundant natural resources it is which holds the atten- 
tion of the world, no matter what may have attracted it thither. And 
now, after years of struggle amidst the most discouraging circum- 
stances, Arizonans are in possession of a State showing illimitable 
promise for the future; a State that is really a wonderland and only 
in its infancy. In extent, about 350 miles from New Mexico to 
California, and about the same from Old Mexico to Utah, and having 
an area of 113,000 square miles, Arizona ranks sixth in size among 
the states of the Union, and equals in area England, Scotland and 
Ireland combined. 

Arizona has a diversity of altitudes, and, therefore, furnishes a 
variety of climates. The elevations range from almost sea level at 
Yuma to 13,000 feet upon the San Francisco mountains, and by 
making suitable changes in altitude to fit the season it is possible to 
enjoy perpetual spring. While there is, perhaps, no place that can 
boast of a really perfect climate, the section which, like Arizona, can 
show the fewest and mildest extremes approaches nearest to the ideal. 
And this State, being exceptionally favored in its climatic conditions, 
is beneficial to the majority of chronic diseases. 

As a mineral producing State Arizona ranks first in the Union, and 
its mining resources as a whole have been the means of attracting 
vast amounts of capital for development purposes. In its other im- 
portant industries, agriculture, horticulture, stock raising and dairy- 
ing, its advantages are unsurpassed, yet despite its marvelous re- 
sources, Arizona ranks forty-sixth in point of population in the Union, 
having had, according to the census of 1910, about 205,000 inhab- 
itants, the number being now estimated at close to 250,000. Though 
it is a land of bright sunshine and bright prospects, and one of the 
fastest growing communities in the United States, its great need is 
people who can and will do things. And it is attracting them men 
of every class of life the capitalist, the high salaried man and the 
laborer. It had not been decreed that Arizona submit to the domi- 
nation of one industry, but endowed by nature with manifold riches 
in mineral form and agricultural possibilities that are rarely excelled, 
the field is ample for capital and labor, and the demand for workers 
in every occupation is great. She has, therefore, much to offer to the 
newcomer. 

In the production of copper Arizona leads the world, and no other 
copper field has shown such heavy increase in production during the 
past decade, or has brighter prospects for the future in the develop- 
ment of the illimitable copper deposits not yet touched. So in this 
field alone there is the constant inducement to men of ability and 
means, men who can afford to increase the great producing power 
of the State by the further development of this great resource, whose 



IN ARIZONA 




Scenes on Road to Roosevelt Dam 



W H O S WHO 



coming of itself necessitates an increased demand for the salaried offi- 
cial and the laboring man. Mining as an industry began more than 
fifty years ago. At a number of points throughout the State, how- 
ever, there are evidences of rude operations in mining by prehistoric 
people, although no traces of smelting have been found, and had 
the copper ores been reduced in those days the slags and possible rem- 
nants of the furnaces could scarcely have escaped attention. The 
first copper smelter in the State, built of adobe bricks, is said to have 
been located at the Ajo mines in Yuma County, and to have been 
operated about 1852. In the early days of the industry silver was 
first mined and gold was found in paying quantities in many districts, 
but of late years attention has been directed mainly to copper mining. 
Much of the copper mined today has a paying percentage of gold and 
silver. There are certain of the great copper mines of Ari- 
zona with which nearly every one is familiar through frequent ref- 
erences to them in the newspapers of the United States, as well as in 
the financial and mining journals, whose owTiers reap almost fabu- 
lous rewards. Notable among these are the Copper Queen, Shattuck- 
Arizona and the Calumet & Arizona mines at Bisbee ; the Old Domin- 
ion, Inspiration and Miami mines in the Globe-Miami District ; the 
United Verde at Jerome; the Detroit Copper Mining Company of 
Arizona, the Arizona Copper Company, Ltd., and the Shan- 
non Copper Company in the Clifton-Morenci district, and the Ray 
Consolidated Mine at Ray. These are the great ore producers 
of Arizona, and number their monthly production by the million 
pounds. They employ thousands of men in their mines, con- 
centrators and smelters. Their pay rolls run into millions of 
dollars annually, and they furnish the basis for large commercial 
and industrial enterprises. These mines pay a heavy share of the 
State's taxes, are one of its greatest sources of wealth, and a huge 
factor in its progress. Producing, in addition, such precious stones 
as garnet, opal, sapphire and turquoise, a high grade of marble and 
exquisite onyx, which are found in the mountains; great stores of 
granite, limestone, tufa, sandstone and other building materials, 
Arizona may truly be reckoned the w r orld's greatest mineral de- 
pository. 

To the farmer or fruit raiser Arizona can offer conditions nearly 
perfect soil, warmth and moisture; and for the latter, owing to 
the provisions made by irrigation, he is not compelled to trust to the 
clouds, but can truly reduce his \vork to a science. The value of 
Nature's gifts a mild and extremely healthful climate, a soil of 
exceeding fertility lying in broad valleys, almost ready for the plow, 
and a ready market for all ranch and orchard products has been 
greatly enhanced by the development of the water supply, for many 
years one of the most absorbing problems with which the people of 
Arizona had to deal. Water is being developed for irrigation pur- 



IN ARIZONA 



poses through both private and government enterprises, and thou- 
sands of acres of land are being reclaimed from the desert and 
rendered incomparably productive. After years of doubt and pro- 
crastination the national lawmakers have recognized Arizona's possi- 
bilities and requirements; have realized that the cultivation of the 
soil is practicable everywhere, dependent upon the securing of water, 
and, stimulated by an appreciation of this fact, the Reclamation Ser- 
vice has given much attention to its arid districts and constructed 
mighty dams for the conserving and utilizing of the water resources 
of the State. 

On the Salt River, above Phoenix, the Roosevelt Dam, a marvel 
of modern engineering, is part of the vast work of the Reclamation 
Service. It is one of the world's greatest reservoirs and holds in 
storage the water with which over two hundred thousand acres of 
land can be irrigated, most of it by gravity and the remaining por- 
tion by pumping. On the Colorado River, above Yuma, is Laguna 
Dam, an Indian weir dam identical in type with that on the River 
Nile at Assouan, and a diversion, rather than a storage dam, which 
controls the flood waters of the Colorado River. As it was found 
practicable to have the main canal on the California side, an im- 
mense siphon has been built of steel and concrete beneath the bed 
of the river, to carry the water from the main canal to the lands 
of the Yuma Valley. The Colorado, thus diverted, furnishes water 
for approximately 90,000 acres in its valley, most of which can be 
irrigated by gravity. The Gila River empties into the Colorado 
from the east just above Yuma, and on the triangle formed by the 
junction of the two, about 20,000 acres are watered by a flow diverted 
to ditches from the Arizona end of the Laguna Dam. Then, too, 
excellent opportunities are offered by the Santa Cruz, San Pedro, 
Verde and Agua Fria Rivers for storage and irrigation projects. 
The water supply from all sources for irrigating purposes in the 
State is estimated at about 5,000,000 acre feet, or sufficient to in- 
tensively cultivate 1,000,000 acres of land. In addition to this, ar- 
tesian water has been discovered in abundance at various places, in 
the Gila and Verde Valleys, and at St. David and Sulphur Springs; 
more will be sought and found and the number of acres now yielding 
marvelous crops will be increased ten-fold. 

With this increase in the area of irrigable lands has come a pro- 
portionate growth in the knowledge of possibilities. Fruit raisers 
and farmers are beginning to truly appreciate the possibilities of their 
land, and to direct their efforts in accordance with this new under- 
standing. With a climate and soil adapted to the growing of every 
variety of citrus and deciduous fruit known to the temperate and 
semi-tropical zones, Arizona would appear to offer all the opportunity 
a progressive horticulturist might desire for success and the acquire- 
ment of wealth, but when one realizes that in Southern Arizona fruits 



10 



WHO S W H O 










c 

O 

EC 

O 

3 
EH 



H 






[ X A R I /- O X A 



ripen from two to eight weeks earlier than elsewhere in the Union, 
the possibilities of this avenue of industry appear in their true light, 
and Arizona to much greater advantage. The same may be truly said 
of almost every variety of vegetable, many of which are available 
every day in the year. 

During the past year at the International Dry Farming Congress 
held at Lethbridge, Canada, fifty-one premiums were taken by this 
State in a competition in which were entered fourteen States and 
seventeen foreign countries, and this despite the fact that a great part 
of the material shipped for entry was unfit for exhibition upon arrival 
because it had been packed before properly matured. The entire ex- 
hibit was from dry farms in Yavapai, Navajo and Cochise Counties, 
Yavapai having taken a majority of the prizes secured. At the First 
State Fair held at Phoenix in the fall of 1912, Yavapai County had 
a display of more than two hundred varieties of the finest apples, 
pears, peaches, quinces, grapes and plums ever shown in the South- 
west. 

The supreme advantage of the Arizona farmer is his home market, 
for the number of thriving towns and mining camps where agricul- 
ture is not carried on, all of which are easily accessible, create a de- 
mand for farm and orchard products, thereby enabling the farmer 
to dispose of his stock to advantage without the necessity of sharing 
his profits with the middleman. Experimental stations established 
and conducted by the University of Arizona and the United States 
Department of Agriculture are demonstrating constantly the possi- 
bilities of this irrigated soil by the production of wondrous crops, 
w r hich, maturing earlier than in other sections, and possessing a su- 
perior flavor, prove highly remunerative. 

The live stock industry in Arizona is exceeded in importance only 
by mining and agriculture. Cattle growing ranks first and sheep 
growing next, and some of the ablest, keenest and wealthiest of 
her citizens are men who have attained to their present position from 
humble beginnings in these pursuits. 

In transportation facilities Arizona is well to the front, having 
within its limits more than two thousand miles of railroad, consist- 
ing of great trunk lines, branch lines connecting all the important 
cities and mining camps, and intimate connection with Mexican 
business. The first railroad to build through the State was the 
Southern Pacific, which entered from the west at Yuma in 1878, and 
extends across the southern portion. The Atlantic & Pacific, now a 
portion of the Santa Fe, was built five years later. Next in impor- 
tance is the El Paso & Southwestern, with lines now reaching many 
of the important cities, one into Tucson recently opened, and others 
building. 

Usually in new countries the building of a railroad is preceded by 



12 \v no's \v H o 

the building of towns which make necessary some regular means of 
transportation for freight and passengers, hut here the reverse was the 
order, and the railroads were built simply in a desire to connect the 
States to the east with those to the west, before the public had 
awakened to the fact that Arizona had before it a great commercial 
future and that as a result of the development of its extraordinary 
resources the territory would one day be dotted with thriving cities. 
Now practically every producing center is off the main lines of trans- 
portation, which lead through the least desirable sections of the State, 
and so a score or more of small, independent roads have been built 
connecting some of the important centers of industry and population 
with the transcontinental lines. The one general disadvantage of 
this condition is the inaccuracy of public opinion regarding the 
State's industries and attractions, for not even a favorable idea of its 
diversity of resources and aggregate of wealth could possibly be 
formed by the man whose knowledge of the State is gained through 
observation from a passing train. Commonly, the summing up of the 
passerby is the superficial impression he receives of glaring, hot sun- 
shine, desert and cactus, rather than of thriving cities, grazing herds 
and productive fields or mines. Much, therefore, must be done in 
the way of publicity to eradicate this erroneous impression regarding 
Arizona, which is all too prevalent among the disinterested, with 
whom an impression thus received is lasting if dependent upon any 
effort of their own for its removal. Much has already been done 
in a direct way by charmed newcomers for a temporary stay, whether 
business, health-seeking or pleasure, who, meeting with conditions as 
they really are, feel only too glad to be able to herald the news of 
their good fortune to their friends, but this form of publicity, while 
very effective, is not very far reaching. Much is being done in a gen- 
eral way by alert and businesslike Chambers of Commerce and Com- 
mercial Clubs of the various sections by means of specially prepared 
advertising matter, yet, this being one instance where distance does 
not lend enchantment to the view, their efforts in that respect when 
read two or three thousand miles away, will doubtless meet with 
some depreciation from their home value, which is one result of the 
unfavorable impression previously formed regarding Arizona's un- 
inviting aspect. And so the matter of publicity of the State's actual 
advantages, material and otherwise, necessitates eternal vigilance, 
lest an opportunity for enlightenment be allowed to slip by without 
leaving its footprints in the sands. 

Yet this campaign of publicity persistently employed will succeed, 
and a constant growth of population by immigration from the East 
will ensue, now that the State's greatest lack, a dearth of water to 
insure vegetation, has been magnificently overcome by irrigation, and 
her greatest foe, the dreaded Apache, has been subdued. Of the 
Apache, the following, written nearly forty years ago by one of 



\V H S VV H O 



Arizona's ardent admirers, has proven prophetic, and Arizona has 
been "found to he the very treasure house of this great Republic": 
"Indeed, experience seems to have demonstrated that the 
Apaches can neither be Christianized nor civilized. They are 
the one tribe who refused to receive the cross from good old 
Father Kino in 1670, nor have they accepted it since that time, 
and I am confident their history will warrant the assertion that 
until they are completely exterminated the fertile valleys of 
Arizona will never wave with golden grain, her beautiful up- 
lands be covered with lowing cattle, her vast alkali plains be 
utilized, her lofty mountain peaks echo the hoarse whistle of the 
silver smelting furnace, or the smoke ascend from the hearth- 
stones of a happy and prosperous people. Never, until then, will 
the great mineral wealth of the territory be properly developed, 
her rocky fastnesses thoroughly explored, her rich gold placers 
worked, and the precious stones that now lie unsought among 
the rough pebbles of her mountain streams be brought to yield 
their lustrous beauty for the adornment of her fair daughters. 
When this has been accomplished, I have no doubt but Arizona 
will be found to be the very treasure house of this great Re- 
public." 

And for the benefit of those upon whom Arizona's real significance 
has not yet been impressed, to w r hom the word implies nothing more 
than a wide stretch of arid waste, or at best, of semi-civilization 
and they are more numerous throughout the East than most of us 
realize let us say that the traveler here will find everywhere as 
high a state of civilization and intelligence even culture and as 
well developed a system of society as any State in the Union can 
boast of, and in which education, religion and government are making 
constant and exceptional strides. With a splendid and rapidly 
growing State University at Tucson, having a School of Mines; thor- 
oughly equipped and well conducted Normal Schools at Tempe and 
Flagstaff; excellent public schools throughout, even in districts hav- 
ing but a few children ; and high schools in all the important towns, 
one can not doubt that the facilities for education are ample. And 
it can be truthfully said that there are few better systems, thanks 
to the sincere and successful efforts of the pioneer educators and to 
the highly efficient corps engaged in educational work at present. 
The University offers at a minimum cost all the leading branches of 
study to be found in any up-to-date curriculum, while its mining 
and industrial courses are most practical and thorough. That Ari- 
zona in an educational way reaches the standard of other States is 
shown by statistics, which prove that among the English speaking 
population the proportion of illiterates is very low. 

Since the early days of the white people here the history of most of 
the churches has been one of accomplishment and progress. The 



INARIZONA 15 

Catholics, who were the first comers and established here the out- 
posts of their religion, are the strongest, having churches in all towns 
of any size, convents and schools in larger towns, and a school for 
the Papago Indians. There are also creditable church edifices of 
practically all denominations, and the Methodists, Presbyterians, 
Baptists and Episcopalians have zealous organizations in every city 
and town, and regular services in nearly all communities of consider- 
able number and stability. The Presbyterians have several churches 
among the Indians, and a school at Tucson erected at a cost of 
$100,000. The Methodists, too, have erected a church among the 
Yuma Indians. There are, in addition, various churches for the 
negroes and Spanish missions at several places, all of which depict 
their intense loyalty to the spirit of evangelism and represent a strong 
force for good in their respective communities. In other districts, 
where the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints are in the 
majority, their habits of thrift, industry and thoroughness have in- 
delibly impressed their mark upon the section. Especially is this true 
of Thatcher, where they have an academy, in which, while a church 
institution and primarily a theological school, non-members are re- 
ceived for the commercial and high school courses, w T ith no regard 
whatever to sectarian teaching. 

But in other ways also has educational progress manifested itself; 
by means of Women's Clubs, with able women at their heads; active 
and progressive civic organizations, alert Commercial Clubs and 
Chambers of Commerce and Boards of Trade, Y. M. C. A.'s with 
departments for instruction in various lines, and through its half a 
hundred newspapers, about twenty of which are dailies, is Arizona 
forging ahead in matters of general and specific importance. 

Arizona has not attained to its present standards from the primi- 
tive conditions of early days without supreme effort on the part of 
the sturdy pioneers who, made strong by adversity, and inured to 
hardihood and sacrifice, came to represent in themselves a class with- 
out whose daring to attempt and power to achieve the State could 
never have reached its present high plane. While the early pioneers 
are rapidly passing away, their spirit of bravery, persistence and iron 
will is yet characteristic of the citizenship of the State, both in their 
descendants and in the men who came later willing to risk the vicissi- 
tudes of life in the thinly populated Territory, and who have done 
their part in the molding of the forty-eighth State. There are still 
prospectors, too, zealous as of old, whose ambitions and efforts have 
accomplished so much ; but to the men who have made mining the 
great industry it now is, to the corporations operating mines and 
smelters in the most modernly scientific manner, and building about 
them up-to-date cities and towns with home, educational and many of 
the other advantages of eastern cities, much of Arizona's rapid de- 
velopment in recent years must be attributed. 



16 



W H O S WHO 




INARIZONA 17 

Possessing the best natural roads in the United States, Arizona 
has also an enthusiastic Good Roads Association, through whose ef- 
forts provision has been made for a system of state highways which 
will bring the different portions of the State's area into the most in- 
timate relation. Plans have been made for a highway extending 
from north to south, running through the capital city and having 
laterals reaching to every county seat and to the borders of the ad- 
joining States, there to connect with the Ocean to Ocean Highway. 
These roads should assuredly be a valuable adjunct in State improve- 
ment, as they will encourage closer relationship in business affairs 
and thereby develop trade ; prove a tempting invitation to all those 
w r ho have a desire to see America's most interesting section and 
thereby increase travel for pleasure; make feasible comfortable auto- 
mobile tours to the various points of interest, the Grand Canyon of 
the Colorado, the Painted Desert, Petrified Forest, Ice Caves, Lava 
Beds, Sunset Crater, Moqui Indian Villages, Prehistoric Ruins, Cliff 
Dwellings and Montezuma Wells ; and bring within easy reach of 
sightseers those missions and ruins of early times which add to the 
State's many other charms that of antiquity. 

They w r ill also make comparatively easy of access hundreds of 
camping grounds in the picturesque valleys of the Colorado, Chiquito, 
Oak Creek and Verde Rivers, where excellent trout fishing is to be 
found ; while the forests of the Mogollon, Santa Catalina and White 
Mountains, which contain an abundance of game, will be the more 
readily accessible Mecca of the huntsman. In fact, the number and 
variety of interesting tours which they will make possible within the 
State can hardly be equaled in any similar area. 

Primarily, life in Arizona will impress the newcomer with its 
liberality and lack of the artificial, and its recognition and apprecia- 
tion of desirable personal qualities. Here merit has more weight 
than money, and cordiality, to a greater extent than in most places, 
forms the basis of the social structure. Populations are more cos- 
mopolitan than ordinarily found, and composed largely of people who 
have acquired, through travel and wide experience, a broad and com- 
prehensive view of life, and to be accepted one must be likable, loyal 
to his resident city, and have virtues as well as ancestors. 

Its social life, too, has many phases. In the cities there are ever 
the formal and elaborate functions quite in accordance with the 
customs of older and larger places, while Country Clubs, with ample 
provision for indoor and outdoor diversion whether it be dancing, 
lunching, tennis or golf are the boast of the larger cities. There are 
also spacious halls and theaters which provide other modes of en- 
tertainment. And everywhere climate and circumstances favor out- 
door recreation, which materially adds to the charm of life. To a 
recent arrival one of the most novel and refreshing forms of recrea- 
tion afforded by many of the localities is the possibility in midwinter, 



18 



W H O S WHO 







[ N A R I 7. O N A 



19 



of comfortably spending a day in riding, driving or automobiling 
with none of the rigors of an eastern winter to be endured, but in 
constant enjoyment of an atmosphere as pleasing to the eye as it is 
invigorating to the body, a striking feature of the country, where 
over all the landscape hangs a veil of soft purple haze which gives 
to the scene a mysterious, subtle quality. 

With the beautiful, as with the material, Nature has been not 
only liberal, but lavish, to Arizona, for nowhere else on the conti- 
nent are the skies more soft, the air more clear, the stars more 
bright, or the moon so radiantly beautiful. And nowhere are the 
sun's rays more potent for good to human and plant life, or the 
sunsets afford more pleasure to even the mildly appreciative eye. 

"When the God of Day sinks to rest behind some rugged 
mountain, lighting up the western heavens with a blaze of gold, 
and pink, and crimson, and orange, and wrapping the jagged 
peaks of the bare and forbidding mountains in a soft and dreamy 
haze of purple and violet ; when the banks of clouds around the 
western horizon look like masses of burnished gold set in a sea 
of silver, then is presented a picture to which neither pen nor 
pencil can do justice. And when the last ray has disappeared 
and the western sky is yet blushing with the mellow radiance of 
the last golden caress, the stars begin to peep out from the clear 
blue canopy and in a short time the vault of heaven's dome is lit 
up by the brilliant beams from the countless creations that gem 
the firmament." 

Not more at variance are the methods of access to the State, from 
the days of the old timer who staged it in to the present day mode 
of travel in a Pullman car, than are the conditions found upon ar- 
rival. In contrast with the deprivations of the desert, the probable 
attack of the Indian and the other perils likely to be encountered by 
the then occupant of an isolated home, the newcomer of today will 
find in various sections valleys of exceedingly fertile lands, productive 
in the extreme ; a number of truly modern cities such as Phoenix, 
Tucson, Bisbee, Prescott, Douglas and Globe, with a number of lesser 
towns and villages, and all throughout the spirit of activity that be- 
tokens rapid progress and the development of a commonwealth im- 
pregnated with unexcelled possibilities. With such conditions, assured 
of ample reward, the progressive and energetic citizens of Arizona 
are impelled to put forth their best efforts, whatever may be the 
trend of their endeavors. 

From February, 1863, to February, 1912, a period of forty-nine 
years, Arizona remained a territory, despite years of patient but 
unprofitable effort on the part of her ablest citizens, whose endeavors 
were finally rewarded when on the fourteenth of February, 1912, 
Arizona was admitted to statehood, and the forty-eighth star was 



20 



WHO S WHO 



added to the United States flag. February 14, known as Statehood 
Day, has been made a legal holiday in the State, and its first anni- 
versary and the following day, February 14 and IS, were the oc- 
casion of an elaborate celebration at Phoenix. On Statehood Day 
the speakers were Vice President-elect Thomas P. Marshall, Gov- 
ernor Hunt and Robert Emmett Morrison of Prescott, one of the 
state's leading attorneys. 

At the close of the first half centurv of Arizona's existence 




Apiary in Yavapai County 

and the first year of its Statehood, with so much accomplished 
and assuredly the most serious obstacles surmounted ; with its 
attractions to the newcomer, whether in search of health, wealth, 
home or pleasure, infinitely increased by its wondrous devel- 
opment, and the added dignity which attaches to it because of its 
admission to Statehood, one is led to wonder what the remaining half 
of its first century may mean to the forty-eighth State, but who might 
attempt to foretell ? 



INARIZONA 21 



The Salt River Valley 

By Harry Welsh, Secretary of the Phoenix Board of Trade 

Now is Arizona with us. A sister state rich in opportunity and 
eagerly extending the hand of welcome to the settler who is looking 
for ideal conditions. Mines and minerals, timber lands and great 
stock ranges, sheep pastures and mountain farms all offer good open- 
ings- 
Agricultural Arizona is centered chiefly in and around the Salt 

River Valley, which locality historians tell was once the home of an 
ancient race of husbandmen that practiced irrigation and built great 
canal systems and granaries. Some few evidences of these first Ameri- 
cans remain at this day; the lines of the old canal systems have been 
found, and ditches lined with a natural cement are laid with that 
accuracy of measurement which would seem impossible without the 
delicate engineering instruments of the present date. Here in the 
Salt River Valley, an agricultural paradise, is a land where sunshine 
saturates the fields, building energy and hope ; lifting the task of labor, 
where smiling skies reflect the spirit of enthusiasm born of health and 
happiness. 

The Salt River Valley has thousands of acres of soil, than which 
there is no better in the world. Included in the area under irrigation 
are two hundred and forty thousand acres of the choicest land. The 
Salt River project is the world's premier irrigation system, with the 
great Roosevelt dam as the backbone. The Salt River project, it is 
generally conceded, is the most perfect in existence, and has been com- 
mended by engineers and irrigation authorities who have journeyed 
east and west, north and south, from far off Australia, from Russia, 
and from Egypt to examine and to praise. 

Here nothing has been left undone to make the lot of the farmer 
more pleasant or more profitable. Here is an ideal farming commun- 
ity supplied with all conditions that spell success ; where soil is unex- 
celled, water supply guaranteed by government works, and the climate 
perfect for the production of varied, bountiful and profitable crops. 

The first farmers built small diversion dams on the Salt River, only 
to see them washed away by the first freshet following a storm in the 
distant mountains. Plans for a storage dam and an immense reservoir 
were not dreamed of for a long time, but it was eventually realized 
that a system w r hich would properly care for the particular needs of 
the locality must be very large and very exhaustive in its operation. 
Government aid must be secured. This was accomplished by the 
passage of the Reclamation Act, and the work of constructing the 
Salt River project was undertaken as soon as the United States Recla- 
mation Service was organized. 

Many sites were examined and one about 75 miles east of Phoenix 
selected. Here the Tonto Creek and the Salt River enter a great 




Roosevelt Lake and Granite Reef Dam 



IN ARIZONA 



23 



natural basin, and then together flow through a narrow gorge which 
was found to be admirably adapted to the construction of a great 
dam. So Nature was found ready to cooperate in this great work, 
but her cooperation did not cease after providing a location. Deposits 
of shale and other materials necessary to make a fine quality of cement 
were found close by the damsite, and a rock suitable for use in the 
dam itself was also near at hand. The strata of the rock walls of the 
canyon lie at an angle which added greater strength to the whole 
structure, and the result is a monolithic mass 168 feet thick at base 
and rising 287 feet from the river bed, the whole structure being set 
into the walls of the canyon, and into the bed-rock of the river, a dis- 
tance of 30 feet. 

The dam is 168 feet through at the base and tapers to a width of 
20 feet at the top ; the length of the dam on top is 680 feet, added to 
which are two spillways, each 200 feet long. These spillw r ays are 
spanned by splendid concrete bridges, making a total length of 1080 
feet. 

Some of the blocks of stone weighed 30 tons each, and each rock, 
before being put into position, was washed under hydraulic pressure, 
and set in cement. Back of this gigantic wall the water from the 
Tonto Creek and Salt River is held in check in a lake which will 
cover 25 square miles in area and contain 1,300,000 acre feet of water, 
or enough to cover all the land in the valley under irrigation with 
water five feet deep. 

The two streams drain a great section of country, covering over 
6260 square miles. This immense area is mostly Forest Reserve, and 
has an elevation varying from 2000 feet to high mountain peaks, which 
rise 11,500 feet above the sea level. This drainage basin insures an 
unfailing water supply to fill the great reservoir, and the whole area 
is under the supervision of officials and protected. 

The rainfall in this area supplying the Roosevelt reservoir has been 
estimated from returns made for 25 years, and approximates 19.10 
inches each year. 

Here in the mountains, 75 miles from Phoenix, is a huge body of 
water capable of floating the combined Atlantic and Pacific fleets. 
The dam, which makes this lake possible, was built at a cost of $3,- 
500,000. This is the biggest item in the cost of the Salt River Project, 
which now totals about $9,000,000. 

The road from Phoenix to the dam is through a wonderful suc- 
cession of mountains, which presents an ever-changing array of colors 
and forms. The ride is one full of magnificent surprises, impressive in 
the extreme, rivalling famous roads and drives in Europe, and without 
an equal in this country. This road was constructed by the Reclama- 
tion Service, is traversed by automobiles with perfect safety and ease, 
and is a splendid argument to further the cause of "See America first". 

The water, on being released through the pow r er plants, then from 
the reservoir, journeys down the river to the Granite Reef Dam, 



24 



WHO S W H O 




Public Schools at Phoenix 



IN ARIZONA 



25 



which is a diversion dam 1100 feet long and 38 feet high. This enor- 
mous weir is also built of masonry and cement, and serves to check the 
flow of the water in the river, diverting the same into the main canals 
on the north and south banks of the stream. 

These canals are themselves like rivers. The main canal is the 
"Arizona," having a width of 72 feet and a depth of eight feet. Over 
640 miles of canals have been constructed to date. This system in- 
cludes wherever possible the development of electrical power from 
various canals, and eventually, when all of the plans and works are 
completed, there will be 27,000 horse power generated, the greater 
quantity of which will be for sale to outside parties. Some of it is 
used for pumping water to serve lands within the irrigation project, 
but the power that will be sold outside will bring a big revenue 
annually. 

At present the cities of Phoenix, Mesa, Glendale and Tempe are 
supplied with power from the project, the revenue from the sale to 
these cities going to defray part of the expense of constructing the 
system. 

Lands under the project are now held in private ownership, and 
the water right belongs to the land itself, and cannot be sold apart 
from the land. Every land owner has a voice in the conducting of 
the affairs of the Water Users' Association, which will control the 
project as soon as it is turned over by the Reclamation Service. The 
Salt River Valley Water Users' Association will be one of the largest 
cooperative institutions in the country; not only will it control the 
water service for 230,000 acres of land, and have for sale several 
thousand electrical horsepower each year, but eventually it will have 
water to sell to lands outside of the project, thereby adding still fur- 
ther to its revenue. 

The land to be irrigated lies in a compact body. The area that will 
be watered will cover 230,000 acres, of which 190,000 will be watered 
by gravity flow, and 40,000 by pumping. At this time about 160,000 
acres are in cultivation, and the remaining 70,000 acres are rapidly 
being put into crops. 

The soil is of fine quality and equal to any to be found in the 
famous garden spots of the world. It has in fact, but few equals, and 
its superior is not to be found anywhere not even in the Valley of 
the Nile, the "polders" of Holland or the famous "black lands" of 
Russia. The soil material is the result of erosion from the surround- 
ing mountains, together with quantities of silt brought down by rivers 
and streams. It has been the task of ages, doubtless hundreds and 
thousands of years required to build up the great level plain which is 
now the valley floor. Out of this level the encircling ranges rise like 
cliffs from out the placid surface of some great lake. 

The silt or soil is easily worked, lending itself most readily to farm- 
ing operations, and lies in an almost perfect plane, with just sufficient 




Some of the Fine Homes in Phoenix 



I N A R I Z O N A 



fall to make easy the operation of gravity irrigation. This silt contains 
in great measure the ingredients required for successful agriculture, 
and the soil is inexhaustible. It is of four types, gravelly loam, sandy 
loam, Maricopa loam and Glendale loess. The gravelly loam is the 
best orange land and is closer to the hills. The sandy loam has a 
little gravel, less than ten per cent, and is a rich and easily worked soil. 
The Maricopa loam is a heavier quality of the same soil. The Glen- 
dale loess is similar to the Mississippi valley type of soil, 40% is silt 
and 25% very fine sand. This is highly decomposed material and 
analysis shows much lime, potash and phosphoric acid. The latter, a 
most valuable constituent, exists here in the surprising proportion of 
22-100%. The depth of the soil throughout the valley is generally 
very marked. Near Glendale the silt or loess type of soil is often 
one hundred feet deep ; near Phoenix, borings show deposits five hun- 
dred feet deep without rock, while further east 1,300 feet borings end 
in clay. Here are 240,000 acres of as good land as may be found in 
any one country in the world. 

With this splendid soil and a complete system of irrigation it is not 
surprising that there are to be found in the valley of the Salt River 
conditions which are present in many countries at widely separated 
points throughout the world. The dates of Arabia and the Soudan 
are thriving and bearing luscious fruit; the orange, lemon and grape- 
fruit rival their relatives from Florida; cotton thrives and gives prom- 
ise of a crop that will be without a peer; sugar beets yield nineteen 
per cent of saccharine matter; the Rocky Ford type of cantaloupe has 
developed until a special variety is produced in great quantities with 
splendid success; corn, milo maize, kaffir corn, all yield with more 
energy than in their native lands; the broad fields of alfalfa return 
several crops each year; the fig, peach, pear, plum, and in fact, all 
varieties of fruit trees blossom and bear with big returns. Here the 
ostrich is as much at home as on the South African farm. The live 
stock industry can be operated with great success. It requires no pro- 
tection further than a little shade, as cattle and horses are allowed 
to run in green fields the year round. They require no shelter in 
winter, barns are unnecessary, and the farmer is not required to store 
up feed for the winter. Sheep graze throughout the surrounding 
country, and are brought in large numbers to the Salt River Valley 
for shearing and fattening. Conditions for dairying are ideal. 

The valley lies under a half tropical sun, insures a long growing 
season and a wide range of products. Here a man does not grow 
what he must, but what he chooses what is in line with his tastes, 
his experience, or his judgment. As has been shown, some things 
which can not be grown elsewhere on the continent can be grown 
here, and some things can be grown better here than elsewhere, as 
regards both quality and quantity. 

The mistake of the farmer for generations has been to think more 
of land than of climate, but today we are in an era of new agricul- 



W H O S WHO 







Phoenix Drive. Maricopa County Road Sc 



[ N A R I Z O N A 29 

ture. We see the wisdom of intensive farming. Fewer acres and 
better tillage, or a farm of moderate size under skies that clothe the 
fields with emerald in January and provide something for the market 
nearly every month in the year is the aim. Here are to be seen young 
beets in the fields the last of January, the mowers cutting alfalfa in 
the middle of February, the cattle feeding in December on fields of 
barley, the rank growth of which must be kept back. The natural 
conditions make life comfortable and the earning of one's bread easy. 

Favorable as the climatic conditions are for agriculture, they are 
also ideal for health. The dry, clear atmosphere encourages out-of- 
door occupations. People live more in the open owing to the con- 
genial conditions prevailing most of the year, and all of this counts 
for health, vigor and active life. 

The average temperature for the spring season is 67.3 degrees; for 
the summer 87.3 degrees; for the autumn 70.1 degrees, and for the 
winter 52.1 degrees, or an average for the entire year of 69.4 degrees. 
Clear, sunshiny days are usual. During a period of forty years the 
average number of clear days each year has reached 232, partly cloudy 
days 96, cloudy days 37, and the same number of rainy days. Of 
foggy days there were only two each year. During the same period of 
years the average annual rainfall was 8.08 inches. 

In the heart of the great Salt River Valley, centrally situated in 
the area irrigated from the Roosevelt Dam, lies the city of Phoenix, 
the capitol city of Arizona, and the busy business city of the new State. 
A census of the population in Phoenix will show over 18,000 people, 
with an additional 5,000 in the suburbs immediately adjacent. There 
are 20,000 people who are supplied with mail from the Phoenix post- 
office, and by the five rural routes which are supplied from the city. 

The growth and future prosperity of the city are assured by the 
immense possibilities of this body of 230,000 acres of agricultural land. 
Markets for the produce of the valley are found in the mining camps 
in the State, and much is shipped throughout the country. 

Entering the valley there are two railroad systems, with branches 
radiating to the Southern Pacific main line at Maricopa ; to the Santa 
Fe main line at Ash Fork, to Los Angeles by way of Parker, into the 
Gila valley mining section to the eastward, and into the Buckeye 
valley westward. This Gila Valley-Buckeye stretch of the Southern 
Pacific will soon be connected up at Yuma and San Carlos into a 
main line for the road through Arizona with the lowest gradients of 
any transcontinental line. The El Paso and Southwestern railroad 
system has surveyed a line to Phoenix from Benson through Tucson, 
and will start work this year, bringing also the traffic of the Port 
Lobos road, a Santa Fe line, to tidewater on the Gulf of California. 

It is a beautiful valley, resplendent under the unhindered sun, with 
great fields and orchards, set in a frame of friendly mountains, red, 
brown, purple and parti-colored in their coverings. 




Irigation: Head Gate and Canals 



I N A R I Z O N A 



Tucson and Pima County 

By John F. Myers, Secretary of the Tucson Chamber of Commerce 

The story of the development and growth of Tucson from an old 
desert pueblo to what has been very aptly termed "The livest-big- 
little city in the Southwest," is a story worthy of a master's telling. 
From the establishment of the San Xavier Del Bac Mission in 1687 
to the coming of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1878, it was a 
typical frontier town. Unprotected from the ravages of the Apaches 
and other tribes until the establishment of Fort Lowell in 1866, it 
offered but small inducements to the settler, but upon the completion 
of the railroad came first the miner and prospector, then the shop- 
keeper, and finally, hearing in some way of the wonderful healing 
qualities of the climate, the health seeker and tourist. The miner 
discovered an immense resource, and capital built great smelters, until 
Tucson became the center of the world's richest copper mining sec- 
tion. The tourist and health-seeker came to be the resident, built 
homes, hotels and business blocks, and today we have a modern- up- 
to-date city of more than 20,000; a city of homes and schools and 
churches, a city of business houses, progressive and growing. 

These forces have given the city a splendid foundation, and made 
possible its wonderful growth into the city of today from a town of 
little more than 1,000 in 1900. But 1912 has seen the development 
of another great resource, sufficient water to irrigate thousands of 
acres of arable land tributary to the city, and the birth of a new era. 
Tucson will soon have an agricultural back country capable of sup- 
porting a great population and making it a power in the development 
of the Southwest. And all because one man dreamed of such a possi- 
bility, believed in his dream and fought for it. To his belief and work 
is due the coming of the Tucson Farms Company, and its develop- 
ment work the clearing, irrigating and placing under cultivation of 
more than 6,000 acres in the Santa Cruz Valley. This is but the 
beginning of an extensive agricultural development, for other com- 
panies are now in the field doing a similar work. 

Commercially, Tucson is located on the main trunk line of the 
Southern Pacific, at the end of a division, and is the present western 
terminus of the El Paso & Southwestern System. It is also the 
northern terminus of the great railway system now pushing down 
the West Coast of Mexico under the direction of the Southern Pa- 
cific, connecting Tucson with the Mexican seaports of Guaymas and 
Mazatlan, and destined to reach Guadalajara, and thence by the 
National line to the City of Mexico. 

Politically, it is the official seat of Pima County, a county rich in 
mines and in grazing and agricultural lands, the area of which is 
equal to that of Massachusetts and Rhode Island combined. 



32 



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IN ARIZONA 

The strength of the city is in the network of railroads reaching east 
and west and south. Here is the division headquarters of the South- 
ern Pacific's Sunset Route and its repair shops and army of employes, 
and also the general offices of the Arizona Eastern Railway and of the 
Southern Pacific's Mexican West Coast Lines. 

The short, direct line from Tucson to Nogales places Tucson in a 
strategic position, making it the gateway to that vast fertile region 
lying along the West Coast of Mexico, which is now being opened 
to settlement by Americans by the construction of the Southern Pa- 
cific's road down through Sonora and across the broad valleys of the 
Yaqui and Mayo Rivers. 

In addition to this the El Paso & Southwestern has now built into 
Tucson from Benson, connecting Tucson with the mining towns of 
Bisbee and Douglas and the prosperous commercial city of El Paso, 
Texas. It is headed westward, and will connect Phoenix and Yuma 
with Tucson, while it has projected a spur to the rich mineral fields 
in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of the city, and a road from 
Sasco west of Tucson, to Port Lobos on the Gulf of California. This 
would make a fertile country in the extreme southwest tributary to 
this city and add another and shorter route to the Mexican Coast, the 
one actually in operation being the Southern Pacific line to Guaymas 
and Mazatlan. 

Mining assets include not only the mines of Pima and Santa Cruz 
Counties, but largely of Pinal and Cochise counties and of part of 
New Mexico and the Mexican state of Sonora. This district is per- 
haps the richest copper mining district in the world. The opening of 
the plant of the Pioneer Smelting Company early in 1912 has 
caused a resumption of operations in the Helvetia, Mineral Hill and 
Twin Buttes districts and the development of other properties, and 
has brought $40,000 per month net into Pima County and Tucson. 
A great variety of copper ore is found in the county, and gold, silver, 
zinc, tungsten, lead and galena are produced here. The trade of the 
city in mining machinery and supplies of many kinds extends over a 
large area on both sides of the international boundary. 

The Cattle Industry is one of the large resources of the county, 
and the value of range cattle shipped from Tucson in a single year 
has exceeded $900,000. 

The county has always been famous for the abundance and quality 
of its beef cattle. This is due to the great area of grazing lands and 
to the nutritious and highly flavored wild grasses of the mountain 
slopes, which impart a sweetness and flavor to beef unattainable by 
fattening in the stall or even upon alfalfa. 

Tucson is the chief educational center of the state, ow y ing to the 
location here of the University of Arizona, with its score of professors 
and teachers, and of the United States Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, with chemical laboratories and facilities for specializing in sev- 



34 



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[ N A R I Z O N A 35 

eral important agricultural studies. The University of Arizona is sit- 
uated a mile from the heart of the city. Through its Agricultural 
and Mining Departments, this institution has a most vital and inti- 
mate connection with the Southwest, and particularly with Arizona. 

The public schools, of which there are five, and the high school, 
were built at a cost of over $300,000 and are among the best looking 
structures in the city. The schools are so well distributed that 
scarcely a home in the city is more than a five-minute walk from one 
of them. The new high school building has fifteen recitation rooms, 
with laboratories for physiography, chemistry and physics and a fine 
assembly hall with a seating capacity of more than eight hundred. 

The city has several private and denominational institutions. 

The Methodist School for Mexican Girls, conducted by the Home 
Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, cares for 48 
girls in a $16,000 home. A training school for Pima and Papago 
Indians, conducted by the Worn' 's Board of Missions of the Pres- 
byterian Church has an enrollmei^ of over a hundred and fifty. The 
institution has a one hundred and sixty-acre farm near the city and 
$50,000 has been spent on its buildings. 

More than 125 pupils are instructed at the Papago Indian School, 
maintained at the San Xavier Mission by the Sisters of St. Joseph. 
The work in behalf of the Papagoes is supplemented by the United 
States Government, which has a $10,000 school house and dormitory. 

In the city itself the Catholic church is active in the educational 
field, maintaining an excellent parochial school with an enrollment of 
nearly 400, and St. Joseph's Orphanage, the home of 40 children. A 
most important work is also done by the St. Joseph's Academy, a 
boarding school for girls and young ladies. This institution has an 
enrollment of 200 and offers a very thorough course of study, not 
only in the elementary branches but also in high school study, music, 
art, etc. Their full course prepares for regular College work. 

The climate of Tucson, especially in the winter months, is ac- 
knowledged to be the best on the American continent. In the past 
three years there have been but ten days in which the sun did not 
shine in this city. This is the great feature of the region the 
amount of sunshine and it is in arid regions that the sun attains its 
greatest vivifying influence. The germicidal power of sunshine is 
well known, and here the chemical activity of its rays is not lost in 
clouds or fogs, but exerts its full force. There is no other portion 
of the United States that will compare favorably w T ith that in and 
about Tucson for the relief of pulmonary affections. That is the 
opinion of eminent physicians and scientific climatologists, and the 
basis of this opinion is the maximum of sunshine, the clearness of the 
atmosphere and the rapid radiation which brings a tonic and refresh- 
ing coolness to the night. And the summer is dry. The experts of 



WHO'S WHO IN ARIZONA 37 

the Experiment Station say that to get the sensible summer tempera- 
ture here it is necessary to subtract fifteen to thirty degrees from the 
maximum. That is to say, the dryness of the air makes Tucson that 
much cooler than the East under corresponding temperatures. 

The average rainfall for forty-one years at Tucson is 11.66 inches. 
The average for the past ten years has been 11.78, the greatest pre- 
cipitation occurring during July and August, with December a good 
third. 

The summer storms are short, uncertain, refreshing. The air 
parts with its humidity rapidly, and the clear, tonic, dry atmosphere 
returns quickly. 

Travelers say this atmosphere of Southern Arizona has the same 
bracing and exhilarating qualities as the air of the Sahara, and that 
it is drier than any part of the valley of the Nile north of the 
Cataract. 

Water for the city comes from wells located in the valley four 
miles distant. The capacity of the present water works has been 
outgrown, and is now being enlarged, a bond issue providing $125,000 
to cover the cost. In a small way windmills are made use of for ir- 
rigation, but power pumps are most relied on, water being obtained at 
from 10 to 150 feet. 

The economic aspect of pumping for irrigation has been well 
threshed out, the conclusion being that while not so cheap or con- 
venient as ditch supplies from rivers, the productivity of the land in 
this climate and the increased market value of the products, make the 
slightly increased cost of pumping economical, while there are some 
important advantages over ditch irrigation. Well supplies are con- 
tinuous and fairly uniform throughout the year, and water is avail- 
able when it is most needed. 

The Tucson Gas, Electric Light and Power Company supplies 
power for manufacturing as well as gas and electricity for domestic 
use. Several miles of line have also been thrown out into the sur- 
rounding country to supply pumping plants for irrigation. 

Tucson is essentially a city of homes. The residential streets and 
districts attract attention for their beauty and adaptation of the archi- 
tecture to the climate, and because of the gardens and trees. 

On the social and religious side Tucson is the equal of any Eastern 
city of the same size. There are twelve churches: two Methodist, 
two Baptist and two Presbyterian, as well as Catholic, Episcopal, 
Congregational, Christian, Christian Science, Lutheran and Jewish. 

Practically all the fraternal organizations are represented, and 
there are several clubs, four of which occupy buildings of their own. 
The Old Pueblo Club building was recently completed at a cost of 
$60,000, and the Eagles have just finished splendid clubrooms in their 
own building. There are organizations for women also, including 
the Woman's Club, the Collegiate Club and the Music Club. 



3S 



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[ N A R I Z O N A 39 

Santa Cruz County 

Allen T. Bird, Editor Nogales Oasis 

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, politically one of the smallest in the State, 
is one of the southermost and adjoins Mexico on its northern bound- 
ary. Its county seat, Nogales, is known as "The Line City." The 
region embraced within this county consists of lofty mountain ranges 
teeming with undeveloped mineral wealth, and enclosing rich and 
fertile valleys susceptible of a high state of cultivation. The moun- 
tains offer splendid opportunities for successful investments in mining 
operations with manifold returns, and the valleys injure to the capable 
tiller of the soil not only a competence, but independence and wealth; 
while the rolling hills between afford ground for the breeding and 
rearing of cattle that may be fattened for the markets near at hand 
upon the succulent and juicy forage plants raised upon neighboring 
farms. Seldom can there be found anywhere so great a variety of 
natural resources awaiting development as here, where the field, the 
farm and the mine closely supplement each other and support a large 
and industrious population. 

According to the assessment roll of 1912 the taxable value of prop- 
erty within Santa Cruz County was $2,815,133.54, showing an in- 
crease of $330,429.58 over that of the previous year. 

It is stated upon good authority that in the San Rafael and Rain 
Valleys alone there are between four and five hundred quarter sections 
of good land capable of producing excellent crops, that two years ago 
were open to homestead location. Within the past 18 months 150 
such locations have been made in these valleys, and about 200 other 
entries are now being made. It is anticipated that during the current 
year every available location will be taken. Most of those who have 
taken up this land are people of means, who have gone to work in the 
right way, and whose coming and the application of whose capital and 
labor will make the eastern part of Santa Cruz County one of the 
most populous and wealthy regions in the State. 

The agricultural possibilities of Santa Cruz County have been 
realized but recently, and even at this time are not thoroughly com- 
prehended by the majority. For many years there has been a limited 
cultivation in the river bottoms along the Santa Cruz and Sonoita 
Rivers, from which some water for irrigation has been obtained, and 
there have been a few isolated places in the mountains where good 
crops have been raised ; but recently general attention has been attract- 
ed to the valleys referred to above and there have been recorded phe- 
nomenal growths of milo maize, corn, and apples, while nearly all 
deciduous fruits thrive well in the vicinity. A hydrographic map of 
the United States, published by the Smithsonian Institute, shows the 



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IN ARIZONA 



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annual precipitation to exceed twenty inches of water and classifies this 
region with the western parts of Kansas, Nebraska and the Dakotas. 
The area included in this classification extends in a northwesterly di- 
rection from the vicinity of Cananea, Mexico, to Prescott, and is about 
sixty miles in width, and within Santa Cruz County the rainfall is 
shown to be much heavier than in the regions on either side. The sur- 
face water is tapped by wells that vary in depth from a few feet to 
sixty or more, and in places in the vicinity of Elgin wells of a depth of 
sixty to ninety feet have struck flows of water which raised in the 
wells twenty or thirty feet, and produced an apparently inexhaustible 
supply. Settlers of experience in various artesian belts express a firm 
belief that wells bored to a depth of six or seven hundred feet will tap 
water strata that will send to the surface strong and abundant flows. 




Dairy Scene in Santa Cruz 

In many of the mountain ranges mining operations of considerable 
importance have been conducted for a number of years, but the work 
has not been carried to any great depth. However, geologists and 
mining experts who have visited the region insist that the indications 
all point to the possibilities of successful and profitable deep mining; 
and where depth has been attained, notably at Duquesne, in the Pata- 
gonia Mountains, and at the World's Fair mine, in the same vicinity, 
the results have borne out these assertions. Within the past year re- 
markable developments have been made in properties in widely sepa- 
rated districts, in the Patagonia and the Santa Rita Mountains and 
the Oro Blanco country, all of which show that deep mining in Santa 
Cruz County is in its infancy only, and some of the heaviest mining 
operators and corporations in the United States have bought proper- 
ties and commenced development work. Among these are the Phelps- 
Dodge Company, one of the greatest copper mining syndicates in the 
world, who have recently bought the World's Fair mine; W. A. 



W H O S WHO 




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Clarke, owner of the United Verde, said to be the greatest copper 
mine in the world, has bought the Trench mine in the same locality; 
and N. L. Amster, President of the Shannon Copper Company, at 
Clifton, has bought and is developing the R. R. R. group. This, in 
itself, spealrs volumes for the latent mineral resources of Santa Cruz 
County. 

A fine grade of chalcedony, equal to the far famed Mexican onyx, 
used largely in ornamentation and finish of construction work, in ar- 
chitecture, is found in large quantities on the north side of the Santa 
Rita Mountains. 

The cattle industry has been an important interest from the early 
settlements here, and in the mountains and hills are extensive ranges 
unfitted for any purpose other than grazing. The grasses grow rank 
and abundant, and except in seasons of the most severe and protracted 
drought, there is seldom a scarcity of water. Development of water 
will help out in such seasons. The cattle growers in the hills and 
mountains find right at home a market for their feeders, and instead 
of sending out to market cattle that must be fed before making good 
beef, there will be turned off annually thousands of head of finished 




Nogales in Early Days 

bullocks fit for the block. During many years the cattle growers of 
Santa Cruz County have turned their attention to high bred stock and 
their herds are now well graded up. The industry is on a good, sub- 
stantial basis, and will continue to be an important factor in the ad- 
vancement of this great region. 

The population of the county, according lo the census of 1910, was 
less than 7,000, but is now r estimated to be close to 9,000. About 
3,500 of this number w r ere residents of the county seat, Nogales, and 



44 



\V 110 S WHO 



the remainder of the outlying precincts. It is conservatively estimated 
that at the end of another year it will number about 10,000. 

In addition to Nogales, the principal towns of the county are Pata- 
gonia, Harshaw, Tubac and Oro Blanco. Harshaw is one of the old- 
est mining camps in that part of Arizona, and Tubac a town that goes 
back in history to the time of the early Spanish occupation, and was a 
place of some importance at the time of the American occupation. 

The county is served by two branches of the Southern Pacific R. R. 
and trains run through to both Benson and Tucson, there to connect 
with main line trains in either direction, and at The Line Citv with 




Santa Cruz County Products 

trains to and from all points on the West Coast reached by the lines 
of the Southern Pacific of Mexico. 

Nogales is the central point for several important branches of the 
U. S. government service. It is the headquarters for the Customs Col- 
lection district of Arizona and the Immigration Bureau has there an 
important office. 

Having in its favor its natural resources, climate, situation, and an 
active and energetic people, Santa Cruz County seems destined to be- 
come at no very distant day one of the most populous and wealthy 
counties in the state, and the seat of a civilization of the very highest 
order. 



INARIZONA 



Graham County 

(By R. J. Young, Immigration Commissioner) 

We want good people to help us open up this great valley of the 
Gila, the finest garden spot in the west, tb" best climate in Arizona, 
the finest soils, the most water per acre for the irrigated lands, the 
best canal system, excepting the government control systems, of any 
portion of the west. We have more water per acre than any other 
section, and without the water you have nothing but an arid waste. 
Our lands pay more money per acre than any other lands in Arizona 
and are sold for less. We have no speculative value, the value of the 
land, irrigated, being derived from the earning power of the money 
invested, no more no less. Our valley fences are bull proof, horse 
high and hog tight. Nothing can keep our crops from growing but the 
clouds. 

We have graded schools in Solomonville, Safford, Thatcher, Cen- 
tral and Pima and district schools in all the outlying districts, the 
best of teachers and good accommodations for the pupil. 

Thatcher has an academy equal to any in the new State, in which 
are taught all the higher branches. 

Our valley is about forty miles long and two to four miles in 
width, with about thirty thousand acres actually under cultivtaion. 

The principal crop raised for exportation is the great forage crop, 
alfalfa. Last year we shipped about 40,000 tons to outside points 
and consumed about 50,000 tons at home in the fattening of cattle 
and raising of hogs. 

We have three flour mills in the valley and are now raising a grade 
of wheat which will permit our mills to compete with outside mills 
in the production of flour. 

Our vegetables are equal to any raised in the State and bring the 
top of the market at Globe and Miami, but \ve do not raise half 
enough for the consumption of the mining camps and the result is that 
a portion of the perishable stuff is shipped in from California. 

All our mesa land has at one time supported a vast population of 
our ancient brethren. Pottery is plowed up in the field, beautiful spec- 
imens of the ancients' work of art, in a perfect condition of preserva- 
tion. There are acres of land where you can trace their old dwell- 
ings, in perfectly symmetrical lines, showing the size of each building. 
On the Bonita Creek we find many old buildings in a perfect state of 
preservation, the imprint of the fingers being just as distinct as it 
was the day the aborigines took the mud in their hands and plastered 
the walls. The timbers in the roofs are as hard as iron and the roots 
themselves absolutely perfect. The small orifices left for the family 



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[ X A R I Z O N A 47 

to enter the dwelling are today as they were thousands of years ago. 
The buildings that are in such a perfect state of preservation are 
under the lee of enormous bluffs, overhanging instead of being perpen- 
dicular, protecting the buildings from the action of the elements. 
Their old canals are traceable in many places, showing they carried 
on an extensive irrigation, and in fact in many of the old ruins cotton 
cloth has been dug up, seeds of many varieties, ojas filled with the 
bones and ashes of human beings, their form of burying the dead be- 
ing cremation. Where once lived such a vast population there must 
be some inherent quality of the soil, an atmospheric condition unknown 
in other sections to warrant the old timer to dwell in such vast num- 
bers in our valley. The modern people who are now invading and 
making their homes in this wonderful valley realize the incomparable 
beauty of our surroundings and the ideal conditions that permit the 
farmer to raise such an abundance of the good things of life and the 
prosperous condition of the farmer verifies the opinion that we have 
the best valley, the most productive valley, the best irrigation system, 
the most water per acre, the most reasonable land values of any 
section of the great State of Arizona. 

The towns of Pima and Safford have a splendid water system, 
piped throughout their streets. This water is perfection itself and 
comes from the lofty mountains and the precipitous canyons of the 
famous Graham Mountains, just south of this great valley, rising to 
a height of 10,600 feet above sea level, snow-capped most of the year 
and covered with a splendid growth of pine and fir. It is just a halt 
day's travel from the heat of the valley to the most perfect summer 
climate in the world, where one can enjoy the cool breezes and the 
perfect climatic conditions that make an ideal summer and a perfect 
health resort, for rest and recuperation in the summer time. \Ve 
have saw mills on this mountain and supply considerable of the lum- 
ber used in the valley towns. On the west side of this famous moun- 
tain we have the Aravaipa Valley, the most beautiful roads, the 
finest stock and grass growing country in Arizona. The Industrial 
school is located on the south slope of this great mountain, where 
once stood and where now you may see the vast ruins of the once 
great government post, Fort Grant, the grandest and most perfect 
post the federal government ever built in the far west, the mammoth 
buildings falling into decay and ruin and now another era of man is 
reclaiming it and building a new school for the education of those 
who have not the opportunity of most of us, wards of the State. 

This is a great cattle and goat country, and thousands of dollars 
each year are derived from the sale of goats' wool, mohair, and cattle. 
Considerable farming is being done, most of the products being con- 
sumed at home. 

On the north slope of the Graham Mountains we have an artesian 
belt about twenty miles in length and from four to six miles in 



4S 



W H O S W H O 




loading- Car of Graham County Honey 




A Home in the Hill Country near Mount Graham 



INARIZONA 49 

width. Only a portion of this belt has been reclaimed and we are 
bringing in new w T ells all the time. We have some wonderful flows 
of water, ascending from two to sixteen inches above the collar of the 
pipe and some of the wells are flowing sufficient water for the irriga- 
tion of one hundred and twenty acres of land. What more would 
the settler ask than a permanent water right for $500 or $1,000. The 
cost of sinking these wells is approximately $1 per foot and there is no 
place in the artesian belt where they have not encountered a good flow 
of water. The temperatures of this water is about 75 degrees and 
permits the farmer to raise garden truck all the year and in the winter 
time the mining camps pay the highest price for green vegetables. 
Think what the future of this one section alone means to a live, wide- 
awake farmer. The extent of this underground flow has never been 
determined. 

The farmers in the artesian belt have recently organized a cotton 
growers' association and have signed up considerable land for the pur- 
pose of raising cotton and making it one of our permanent industries. 
So far the cotton grown has been in an experimental way, but has 
proven beyond doubt that we can raise cotton equal to any section of 
the south. 

We are working hand in hand with the Ocean to Ocean Highway 
and have done wonders for our road system in the last year. Through 
the heart of the valley we have as good dirt roads as are found 
anywhere and are continually grading and adding, just as fast as the 
road fund will permit. We have graded several miles of new road 
in the Fort Thomas section, have signed a contract with the Indian 
agent for the completion of the road from Geronimo to San Carlos, 
across the reservation, and several miles have already been completed. 
This road has always been an eyesore and a terrible trial to the 
autoist on account of the washes and sand. This has all been done 
away with. The main washes are now bridged and a great portion 
of the road graded and in perfect condition, so that the machine man 
need have no fear of the reservation. Our congressman has recently 
informed us that Congress has made the appropriation for the 
bridges at the San Carlos and the Gila Rivers, the building of which 
will entirely close the gap between the good roads and give the 
traveling public an ideal highway to the Phoenix and Globe section 
without having to pass over the high altitudes, muddy roads, torren- 
tial streams and isolated section of the White Mountains. The 
eastern traveler can now bring his machine to the warm south and 
our glorious climate without incurring any undue inconvenience. This 
means all the eastern travel heading toward the San Diego Pan- 
American Exposition will find we have a glorious route through 
Arizona and that he will travel for days in sight of agricultural 
fields, farm houses, growing crops and running water and that we 
in Arizona, especially on this route, have obliterated the desert, made 



50 



\V H S W H O 



it into one of the garden spots of the sunny south, and the land of 
perpetual sunshine and good health. 

We will shortly be on the main line of the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road and practically the only irrigated section from San Antonio to 
the Salt River Valley. Those familiar with conditions in the West 
know there is nothing will advance a community more rapidly than 
co-operation with the railroad, as it displays its resources in that way 
to the thousands. We need new blood and new money to bring us 
to the place we would like to see attained while we of the present 
day are alive, able and ready to appreciate its vast benefits. 

There is not one instance here where a diligent worker had to 
return his place to the original owner, not one case on record where 
acreage has had to be foreclosed because of non-payment of principal. 
Doesn't this mean that our values are constantly increasing and that 
we are above all, prosperous and industrious? 

We have a wonderful country in an archaeological as well as in 
an agricultural sense, evidences of which are continually being dis- 
covered, as it is continually being proven that we can raise something 
a little bit better than our neighbor, some fruit, vegetable or berry, 
all of which demonstrates that we are still in our infancy, and have 
not yet realized what a vast opportunity is ours. Nor shall we until 
we have cut up many of our larger holdings in order that we may 
derive all the benefits possible from this wonderful soil and climate. 




Indian Hot Springs 



INARIZONA 51 



Cochise County 

By Joseph H. Gray, Secretary of Warren District Commercial Club. 

With an extent of 6147 square miles, equal to the area of Con- 
necticut and Rhode Island combined ; with rugged mountain ranges 
that are the storehouses of inestimable mineral wealth ; with broad 
and extending valleys wherein are ranges o'er which roam thousands 
of cattle, and which are dotted with an ever-increasing number of 
ranches, in the southeastern corner of Arizona, lies Cochise County 
which leads the state in wealth and disputes with Maricopa County 
the premiership in population. In assessed valuation it contains one- 
fifth of the wealth of the whole state, while its population, which in 
1910 was 35,591, is now conservatively estimated to be in excess of 
40,000. Its assessed valuation of $38,000,000, gives a per capita 
wealth of $950 for each man, woman and child within its confines. 

As Arizona leads the nation in production of copper, Cochise Coun- 
ty leads Arizona, producing one-half of the total output of that metal, 
while the Warren District alone produces more than one-third of the 
state's output. While mining is the chief and largest industry, cattle 
raising is of great importance and agriculture is making such vast 
strides that it promises in the near future to rank second only to min- 
ing. Settlers are rapidly taking up all of the available government 
land and by the development of underground w r ater supplies and the 
practice of intensive farming are developing the rich fertile lands of 
the county into garden spots, building up substantial homes, and gath- 
ering into agricultural communities w r hile the industry is still in its 
infancy. Where formerly all was cow country now are hundreds of 
ranch homes ranging from the most modest to substantial dwellings 
with large outbuildings and modern farming equipment so that the 
lower lands of Cochise county are in a transition period. As the hills 
have been only scratched over in the search for minerals so also have 
the valleys been little more than touched in proving their possibilities 
for agriculture and yet the results promise as much for the one as 
the other when equal development has been achieved. 

Topographically Cochise County is divided from south to north by 
three mountain systems which separate three great valleys. The west- 
erly mountain system is composed of three ranges, the Whetstone, 
Huachucas and Mules, the great Warren District being situated in the 
latter range, surrounding Bisbee the metropolis of the county. Far- 
ther east are the Dragoons and still farther east the Swisshelms and 
the Chiricahuas. In the mountains of the county in the early days 
were the strongholds of the fierce and bloodthirsty Apaches and from 




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W H O ' S W H O I N T A R I Z O N T A 



these Geronimo and his braves waged relentless warfare upon the 
pioneers until themselves hunted down by government regulars and 
volunteers from among the early day settlers. 

The three valleys are the San Pedro on the west, Sulphur Springs 
in the center and San Simon on the east. In the San Simon, at San 
Simon, and in the San Pedro at Land, artesian flows of water have 
already been developed, while experiments in that direction are now 
in progress in the Sulphur Springs Valley, which is settling more rap- 
idly than any other section. In all of these valleys the climate is un- 
surpassed, the land is most fertile and the magic touch of water is all 
that is required to make them blossom and produce. The putting 
down of wells, the erection of windmills and pumping plants in all 
directions is bringing this about. 

On the foothills are luxurious growths of nutritious grasses during 
most of the months of the year and here and in the valleys roam the 
herds of cattle owned by individuals, firms and corporations, bringing 
in revenues mounting to millions each year. These foothills are also 
susceptible of cultivation into vineyards and orchards, producing fine 
grapes and peaches that excel any others grown in the west. 

It is in the Mule Mountains that the greatest mineral resources of 
Cochise County have been developed. From the Warren Mining Dis- 
trict there are being shipped daily for reduction 6,000 tons of ore by 
three companies, the Copper Queen, the Calumet and Arizona, and 
the Shattuck Arizona Companies, the former having been an active 
producer since the early eighties of the last century. In this district 
there are hundreds of miles of underground workings and yet the 
extent of the ore deposits remain undetermined beyond the fact that 
they still contain vastly more metal than has been extracted within the 
past thirty years and that even then the end is not in sight. 

For many years copper was the only metal to receive attention in 
the Warren District but recently important deposits of rich lead- 
silver ore have been developed and are now being mined and shipped 
for reduction. The importance of these mines as well as the porphyry 
deposits is now manifest and these w r ill from now on receive deserved 
attention. In addition to this there is a large placer area at the 
southerly end of the district which contains 60 cents in gold to the 
cubic yard and this requires only the solution of a cheap method of ex- 
traction to become an added source of available w r ealth. 

Although there are but three actively producing mining companies 
in the district there are many mining claims on which development 
work has progressed sufficiently to indicate valuable deposits and to 
warrant assertion that further development is all that is necessary to 
bring them to production. 

The Johnson-Dragoon District is another important mineralized 
section of Cochise County situated in the same general mountain sys- 
tem but in the northwesterly corner of the county. Here there are 



WHO'S WHO IN ARIZONA 55 

now half a dozen producing properties with more than a dozen others 
in well advanced stages of development and scores of claims that have 
undergone only preliminary exploration and work. 

Pearce, Courtland and Gleeson are located in the central moun- 
tain system, and are all producers. At the first mentioned is located 
the Commonwealth, which has given up $38,000,000 in silver and is 
being further developed with every indication that millions remain to 
be extracted. Courtland and Gleeson both have their producing 
mines, making large shipments to the smelters. Courtland is a copper 
camp and Gleeson produces silver as well. 

In the Chiricahuas and the Swisshelms, the easterly system of moun- 
tains, are producing and partially developed mining properties as well. 
There are numbers of these in the vicinity of Paradise especially. Dos 
Cabezas promises to become prominent in copper production in the 
near future. 

Bisbee, the largest and most important city of Cochise County, has 
a population of 13,000 and with its suburbs, all connected with it by 
electric street railroads, the population is more than 18,000. This 
city with its unincorporated suburbs forms the Warren District and 
pays one-third of the taxes of the county. It is essentially a mining 
community but at the same time affords the facilities, improvements 
and advantages of the modern city. It is the most populous area of 
the same size in Arizona as well as the most wealthy. Its monthly 
payroll amounts to $750,000 and its business and trade importance is 
commensurate. Here the underground worker's lowest wage is $3.75 
per day and other labor, as well as clerical work, is proportionately re- 
warded. No Mexican labor is employed underground and American 
labor predominates throughout the district. The chief foreign ele- 
ment to be found in the district is Slavonian and this labor is as well 
paid as is the American for the same class of work. 

In its early days Bisbee was known as Mule Gulch and first at- 
tained notice about thirty years ago when it was merely a prospectors' 
camp of a few shacks and tents. Here, up among the rugged moun- 
tains the Copper Queen company developed a mine, and others fol- 
lowed until there grew up a great mining center. On the only level 
streets business houses were built, warehouses constructed, office build- 
ings erected, while the residential districts spread up the hills and 
climbed to points along the mountain sides, reached sometimes by 
roads, more often by trails and at other times by flights of steps. The 
result is a city that in appearance is unique. Shacks gave place to 
handsome buildings of brick and stone, charming homes replaced the 
miners' cabins, dives and rookeries made way for churches, libraries, 
lodge buildings, Y. M. C. A. buildings, a Y. W. C. A., school houses 
and other public improvements. Water was piped and pumped from 
Naco, nine miles away, instead of being packed in skins on burro back. 
The railroad entered and supplanted the pack train. The smelter was 




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Farm Scenes in -the Sulphur Springs Valley, Cocihise County, Arizona 



WHO J S WHO IN ARIZONA R7 

moved to Douglas, 35 miles away, and smoke and sulphur fumes 
were thus eliminated. Electric lights and gas supplanted candles and 
smoky oil lamps, paved streets appeared, a subway system carried off 
the flood waters of the rainy season and devastation which had before 
been not infrequent was made impossible. After several destructive 
fires one of the best fire departments in Arizona resulted from im- 
provements and a city water supply for fire purposes was created. 
For these municipal improvements hundreds of thousands of dollars 
were expended and permanent benefits therefrom were obtained. 

At an altitude of 5300 feet at the railroad station Bisbee enjoys a 
cooler climate in summer than do the cities of the valleys, while the 
surrounding mountains in close proximity effectually shelter it from 
the cold blasts of winter as well as from dust storms. The average 
mean temperature for the past twenty years has been 60.1 degrees, 
the average coldest month, January, is 45.3, and the average month 
of July, the warmest of the year, is 75.3, while the precipitation in 
the same period has been 17.96 annually. The result is a climate of 
singular health giving properties and despite the fact that accidents 
in mines are at times unavoidable the death rate in the Warren Dis- 
trict is lower than in any other section of the state. Despite this fact 
Bisbee has been too busy with mining and with business affairs to 
enter the ranks of health resorts and today it takes pride in the fact 
that its pre-eminence is as a copper producing center. 

In culture, education and socially the city is at the forefront. There 
is a larger proportion of college bred men in its limit than can be 
found outside of college cities of the same population. All churches 
are represented, all lodges also, and the Elks, Masons, Moose and 
Knights of Columbus all own their homes, as do the Woman's Club 
and the Country Club. A fine library and reading rooms, open to all 
of the public, is supported by the Copper Queen company. Both the 
Copper Queen and the Calumet and Arizona companies have their 
medical corps, their dispensaries and their hospitals, where the most 
modern equipment is to be found. Of the lodges it is a notable fact 
that the Elks built a new home on the site of the one that had been 
destroyed by fire and paid off $34,000 of indebtedness in two and one- 
half years. 

Lowell is the nearest and the largest suburb of Bisbee, ten minutes 
distant by street railway, situated to the south, and in a more open loca- 
tion. Here are the two hospitals, handsome business houses, and it 
has its own bank and theater. Lowell is closer to more mine shafts 
than Bisbee, and through its independence avoids the payment of 
municipal taxes. 

Warren is the residential suburb of Bisbee. Here, on a gradually 
sloping plateau, commanding a view of mountains on the one side and 
valley on the other, are handsome homes, surrounded by lawns, shrub- 



WHOS- WHO IN ARIZONA 



ben", trees and flowers and in reach of Bisbee in twenty minutes by- 
electric railway w r ith half hour service. Here are the offices of the 
Calumet and Arizona company, charming Vista Park, and close by 
the Country Club with its spacious home, its nine hole golf course, 
tennis courts, rifle range and traps for the shotgun experts. At War- 
ren water and electric light are both furnished by the mining com- 
pany. It has, as has Lowell also, its own school building, all of the 
district being in the Bisbee School District for which there is now be- 
ing erected an $80,000 high school building. 

Tombstone, replete with historic interest, picturesquely located with 
a magnificent outlook, is the county seat of Cochise County. It was 
discovered in 1878, before there was a Cochise County, by Edward 
Scheffelin, and was long known as one of the most famous mining 
camps of the country. Millions of dollars of wealth it produced until 
the problem of unwatering the workings caused a shut down by the 
operating company which must continue until that problem has been 
solved. 

Willcox is the largest town in the north of the county on the 
Southern Pacific Railroad, and is the center of a growing agricultural 
district as well as an important cattle shipping point. Other towns 
of the north are Dos Cabezas, Cochise and Bowie ; of the south Naco, 
important as being the gateway to the Cananea District in Mexico and 
railroad junction for the El Paso and Southwestern Railroad and the 
Cananea Railroad ; Benson on the Southern Pacific and Southwestern 
Railroads and important as an agricultural and possible oil center; 
and Fort Huachuca, the government military post. Up the Sulphur 
Springs Valley is Courtland, important for its mines and surrounding 
ranches, while numerous smaller settlements are rapidly growing up 
in its eighty miles of length and twenty miles of breadth with the 
spread of agriculture. 

In addition to its natural w r ealth and possibilities, Cochise boasts 
of its good roads and its school system. There are more miles of good 
roads than can be traversed at all seasons of the year than in any other 
county of the state, and these systems are being each year extended. 
It is traversed by the state highway and by two of the proposed Na- 
tional Highways, these passing through Douglas, Bisbee and Tomb- 
stone, and being connected up with other points. 

The public schools of Cochise County, in the 65 school districts, are 
supported by an annual expenditure of over $200,000, and rank with 
the best in the land. There are in attendance 4500 scholars who are 
instructed by 200 teachers, the average salary for men being $111.75, 
and for women $83.81. As fast as occasion requires new school dis- 
tricts are created, new buildings erected and more teachers engaged so 
that the progress of education keeps pace with the growth of popula- 
tion in all parts of the county. 



\V H O ' S W H O I N A R I Z O X A 61 



Douglas 

By Edward P. Grindell 

In the southeastern corner of Arizona, on the borderline between 
the United States and Mexico, is Douglas, a modern city, now but 
ten years old. 

Situated in the center of the greatest mineral district in the world, 
and having good railroad facilities, Douglas is the natural location for 
the great smelters that are now in operation and in course of con- 
struction in that city. In the center of a rich, fertile valley, its loca- 
tion permits of the building of a city second to none in Arizona. 
Douglas is the one, large borderland city between El Paso on the east 
and Los Angeles on the west. Its position commercially, politically, 
and geographically, is strategic. Cochise is the most thickly populated 
county in Arizona, has the most complete system of roads and rail- 
ways, and the largest output of precious and commercial metals in the 
new State, as well as the heaviest investment of capital, local and 
interstate. 

Ten years ago Douglas was an uninhabited patch in the Sulphur 
Springs Valley. The present population is about 12,000 happy and 
industrious people. The public buildings, office blocks, banks, 
schools, churches, and mercantile establishments are all substantially 
built, principally of brick or stone. The schools are of the best. 

Douglas is on the main line of the El Paso & Southwestern R. R., 
with branch lines running south into Mexico, eighty miles to Naco- 
zari, and north through the Sulphur Springs Valley. The Southern 
Pacific R. R. has had a survey into Douglas for some time to connect 
with their lines from the south coast of Mexico. 

Arizona leads the districts of the United States in the production 
of gold, silver, copper, lead and zinc. The Douglas smelters treat 
over 50% of the state's output of copper, besides receiving thousands 
of tons of ore from Mexico for smelting. The combined output of 
the Douglas smelters is nearing 200,000,000 Ibs. of copper bullion a 
year, making Douglas one of the greatest smelter cities in the world. 
Within a radius of one hundred miles of Douglas there are hundreds 
of small mines that during their development ship to the Douglas 
smelters thousands of tons of rich ores that in many cases pay the ex- 
penses of the development of the mine. Many of these properties 
lack only capital to bring them into the class of big producers. Doug- 
las is headquarters for the mining men of the Southwest, both Mexico 
and Arizona, and serves as a supply point for these smaller mines. 
Merchandise from the Douglas stores is shipped by rail and pack 
trains hundreds of miles into the wilderness of Mexico, and this Mexi- 
can business is a big item in the trade of the Douglas merchant. One 
mile from the city, across the Mexican line, is the interesting town of 



62 



WHO S W H O 




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I 1ST A R I Z O X A 63 

Agua Prieta, a valuable port of entry for the Mexican Government, 
which during the recent civil war was a point of much contention. 

The Gadsden Hotel at Douglas is one of the finest to be found in 
the west, and offers every convenience to the traveler. Splendid 
street car service, automobile roads, country club and golf links fur- 
nish the tourist with conveniences difficult to equal in the ordinary 
western town. It is but a short distance and easy ride to the moun- 
tains on either side of the valley, where can be found running streams, 
immense timbers, rugged mountain peaks, and beautiful picnic and 
camping grounds. The city is on the main line of the transcontinental 
automobile travel. 

All secret societies have lodges in Douglas. The Elks have a well- 
equipped home for the comfort of their members. 

The city is located upon flat, level ground, with plenty of room to 
grow in every direction. It has a magnificent view, the background in 
every direction being the mountains, rich in all the w r onderful coloring 
characteristic of the rugged hills of the Southwest. 

Douglas is not only prosperous now, but is looking forward to 
greater things, one of which is the development of the Sulphur Springs 
Valley to the north. This valley is being settled as fast as settlers can 
make their location, put in pumping plants and build their homes. 
Some wonderful results in crop production have been shown in the few 
years that farming has been carried on in this vicinity. The soil is 
rich, the water pure, soft and unlimited in supply, while the climate 
is such that the farmer can work out doors every day in the year. 
This valley is fast becoming a home for the small rancher. With a 
farming background and a vast mineral wealth, Douglas is fast be- 
coming the garden city and ideal home town of Arizona. The city is 
new, there are no old buildings to mar the beauty of the principal 
streets. It is built for the future all her streets, street car lines, 
public buildings, water works, sewer systems, telephone system, hotels 
everything is built for permanence and for a city of many times its 
present population. The banks of Douglas, with over a million and a 
half of deposits, are among the solid financial institutions of the west. 

Douglas is young, and offers inducements to men in many lines of 
work to come there and live. It is the ideal city with which to be 
associated and grow up. 



64 



\V HO S \V H O 




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I N A R I Z O X A 65 

Yavapai County 

Malcolm Fraser, Secretary Chamber of Commerce 

YAVAPAI COUNTY, "Mother of Arizona counties," formerly com- 
prised nearly the whole of Northern Arizona, a territory larger than 
Indiana. Its area is now 8,160 square miles, about the same as that 
of the state of New T Jersey. 

The principal resources of Yavapai County are mining, stock rais- 
ing and agriculture. It is the second largest county in the state of 
Arizona in the production of gold, third in copper, second in cattle 
and sheep and first in horticulture. 

The Arizona Consolidated Smelting Company, at Humboldt, and 
the United Verde Copper Company, at Jerome, are the principal 
smelters in Yavapai County. Mining, w r hich has been dull for sev- 
eral years, owing to the drop in the price of copper, is reviving. A 
recent very rich strike of copper ore in the Commercial Mining Com- 
pany's property at Copper Basin, near Prescott, may give rise to the 
construction of another large smelter here. To care for the produc- 
tion of his great mine, ex-Senator W. A. Clark, the fortunate owner 
of the United Verde Copper Company, is building a new town and 
smelter at Clarkdale, near Jerome, in the Verde Valley, to which a 
railroad has been constructed from Cedar Glade, on the Santa Fe, 
Prescott & Phoenix line between Ash Fork and Phoenix. This new 
smelter, like the one at Humboldt, will treat custom ores. 

At the First Arizona State Fair, Phoenix, 1912, Yavapai County 
made a clean sweep of the horticultural prizes, taking practically all 
the individual and special prizes for her orchardists. The number 
of blue and red ribbons taken totaled 185, being more than twice as 
many as were received by all the other counties exhibiting. Yavapai 
also took the silver cup for the best county exhibit and more than 
$500 in cash prizes. 

The advent of scientific soil culture ("dry- farming") in Yavapai 
County, Arizona, was only two years ago. The first impetus re- 
ceived by the farmers of this county came through experts brought 
to the towns by the Prescott Chamber of Commerce and the Santa Fe 
Railway. Our farmers received enough practical suggestions from 
these experts to enable them, in 1912, to double their harvests, com- 
pared with those of 1910. Yavapai exhibits made in the Colorado 
Springs and Lethbridge Dry-Farm congresses, in 1911-1912, which 
won many first prizes against the world, further enheartened our 
farmers to plant additional areas. 

The results of this campaign of education have been two-fold: 
They have greatly improved the grasp of our local farmer and en- 
hanced his confidence in his land, and they have brought to the at- 



66 



WHO S W H O 




Verde Valley Fruit Display at First State Fair. 



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Medal Received at St. I^ouis Exposition for Yavapai Fruits. 



IN ARIZONA 



tention of the outside world the fact that there are great areas in 
Yavapai County, which can be bought cheaply or homesteaded, upon 
which profitable crops yearly may be produced. 

Over 2,000 more acres of corn were planted in 1912 than in 1911. 
A conservative estimate of the production per acre is placed at twenty- 
five bushels. While this would not look unusual to the average 
farmer of the corn-belt states, it should be noted that much of the 
land on which this corn was grown was broken for the first time in 
the winter of 1911; also, that our farmer gets two cents a pound 
for his corn and other grains. 

Potatoes in Williamson, Skull and Thompson valleys yielded 
splendid harvests. This crop can now be said to be out of the experi- 
mental stage, so far as northern Arizona is concerned. All our pota- 
toes are grown without irrigation, the average rainfall for the past 
thirty years in these valleys, sixteen inches, having proved ample to 
mature all the crops which can be grow T n in the temperate zone. 

Yavapai County enjoys the best all-year-round climate to be found 
in the Southw r est. The altitude of the county averages one mile. 
Life in the open is possible for at least ten months of the year, and 
blankets are necessary every night of the 365. 

The principal town of Yavapai County is Prescott, population 
6,000, altitude 5,347 feet, situated in quite a thickly-w T ooded pin>_ 
area. The temperature is pleasant at all seasons of the year. The 
hottest months, July and August, are thoroughly enjoyable, w y hiie 
the winter days are mild and sunny. The summer nights are de- 
liciously cool, and a blanket always is requisite. The maximum sum- 
mer temperature is about 95 to 98 degrees F., and the mean tempera- 
ture for the months of July and August is 71.6 and 71.2 degrees, re- 
spectively. The mean temperature for the coldest months, December 
and January, is 37.7 and 35.1 respectively, while the maximum for 
these months is about 70 degrees. Frequently the thermometer drops 
nearly to zero for a day or two about the end of December. The 
average annual rainfall at Prescott is 17.12 inches, falling chiefly in 
short, sharp showers in the summer season. In the winter there is 
occasionally a slight fall of snow, which, under the influence of the 
bright sunshine soon disappears. The percentage of sunshine in 
Prescott is very high. In 1909 there were 241 clear days, 74 partly 
cloudy and 50 cloudy. In 1910 there were 265 clear days, 55 partly 
cloudy and 45 cloudy. 

One may get a clearer conception of the mountain climate of north- 
ern Arizona with that of other well-known mountain resorts. Vaughn, 
in the Montreal Medical Journal, says: "The climate of Prescott 
challenges comparison with that of Denver and Colorado Springs. 
Thirty feet higher than Denver, and 750 feet lower than Colorado 
Springs, it has an annual mean temperature of 53 degrees, or some 
three degrees higher than both. 



68 



\V 110 S WHO 



-. 



.-i:. . 




Camping in Yavapai, near Prescott 



[ N A R I Z O N A 69 



Gila County 

By A. W. Sydnor, County Immigration Commissioner. 

GILA COUNTY, with an area of 4,542 square miles, almost as great 
as that of the State of Connecticut, has vast natural wealth that 
with the coming of more railroads and good wagon roads will make 
it one of the most favorable to the wants of the homeseeker. Its 
resources, like most of the other counties of the State, are varied, and 
as yet have been but meagrely developed. The northern part of 
the county has five mining districts, where the wealth of the ore 
deposits has been proven, and these are awaiting only more adequate 
means of transportation to enable them to rank first as producers of 
copper, gold and silver. Here also an immense cattle range affords 
sustenance to about 50,000 head of live stock, and thousands of 
acres of virgin timber, in w r hich is included large forests of pine, are 
standing. This large region, commonly spoken of by the people 
of the southern part as the "Payson country," contains a rain belt, in 
which hundreds of acres are under cultivation without irrigation. 
Many varieties of fruits and vegetables are here grown to supply 
the markets of Globe, Roosevelt and Phoenix. This land is situated 
just north of Payson, a town of about 200 population, located one 
hundred miles northwest of Globe, and in the northern part of the 
great Tonto basin. In nearly all the valleys of this basin are found 
private irrigation schemes, by means of which numerous tracts of 
land are made to produce fruits, vegetables and grains. 

Gila County lies in east central Arizona. It was formed from 
portions of Maricopa and Final counties in 1881, since when a small 
strip has been added on the north from Yavapai. It is surrounded 
on all sides by stately and rugged mountains whose peaks are cov- 
ered with snow many months of the year. On the south are the Final 
Mountains whose summits are covered with pine, and on the west 
the Superstitious, Four Peaks, and Mazatzal Mountains form the 
natural boundaries. 

Gila County is rich in the wonders of nature, the most noted is the 
Natural Bridge on Pine Creek, in the northern portion rivalling in 
beauty the Natural Bridge of Virginia. It spans Pine Creek at a 
height of 200 feet, and the walls of the canyon rise above it 700 feet 
on each side. The bridge is of lime formation, and the inside of the 
great arch, 250 feet across, is worn by water as smooth as though 
chiseled by the trained hand of the artisan. The top of the arch is 
nearly 400 feet wide and 1,000 feet long across the canyon, and at 
the thinnest part not more than six feet through. Near the center 
of the arch is a hole large enough to admit the body of a man, and 
through this one can look down into the crystal pool below. The 
climate is exceedingly mild and a wonderful variety of vegetation 



70 



WHO s WHO 




Stalactite Cavern at the Natural Bridge in Arizona 



[ N A R I 7 O N A 71 

exists there, trees, shrubs, vines and plants, some of which are quite 
rare. The vicinity abounds in fossils and shells, and wherever mois- 
ture penetrates the rocks beautiful stalactites are formed. Beneath 
the bridge are numerous caves which are lined with these pendant 
cones resembling huge icicles. 

The famous Globe-Miami mining district is located in Gila 
County and here are found some of Arizona's most productive cop- 
per mines. In the early days gold and silver were the chief metals 
sought in Gila County, and the mining of copper did not commence 
until the late seventies. Since then, however, the amount of copper 
mined has been constantly increasing and today the output of this 
district does much to give the State the position it holds at the 
head of copper producing areas of the United States. To the 
southwest of Globe the El Capitan zone has good deposits of both 
silver and copper, and between the Old Dominion and Black War- 
rior mines, in the Lost Gulch district, rich veins of free-milling ore 
have recently been found. Recent assays of ore from the property 
of the Lost Gulch United Mines Company show gold values to 
almost $300 a ton. In the northern mineral belt, including the 
Mazatzal, Green Valley, Gun Creek, Houdon and Ellison mining 
districts, development work is being done on a small scale, and in 
the former gold, silver and copper have been found. The Mogollon 
Mountains extend into the northern part of the County, and are said 
to contain large coal deposits. 

During the past year wonderful improvements of various kinds 
have been made within the borders of Gila County, and here the 
Good Roads movement has received a decided impetus. The 
Ocean to Ocean Highway will run by the Roosevelt Dam, and 
already one of the finest highways in the country has been built 
from the dam to Globe, while the towns of Hayden and Winkle- 
man, both in Gila County, will soon be connected with Globe by 
means of highways now being built by convict labor. With 
the building of the San Carlos Dam and other improvements, either 
planned or under way, the current year will mark an important 
era in the physical improvement of the County. Railroads and bet- 
ter highways mean much for Gila County, and the people believe 
that a good road is one of the best assets a County can have, and 
the Gila Supervisors are among the most wideawake boosters in 
Arizona on this subject. They have been ready and willing to do 
their share toward the development of the State Highways. 

The county seat of Gila is Globe, which has a population of 10,000 
and is one of the largest mining towns of the state. It is situated 75 
miles east of Phoenix. Globe has churches of all leading denomina- 
tions, three banks, two theaters, and electric, gas and water plants. 
I here are two newspapers, The Republican and the Record, the latter 
one having been but recently established by some of the city's repre- 



72 



WHO S WHO 




Natural Bridge, Showing Ladders Used in Ascending 



IN ARIZONA 



73 



sentative men. Globe is one of the largest and most progressive 
cities in Arizona. The next town in both size and importance is 
Miami, also a very thriving mining town, which is situated on the 
A. E. R. R., ten miles west of the county seat. Though having had 
but a few years of existence, Miami has made wonderful progress 
in every particular. Here are two weekly newspapers, The Messen- 
ger and The News, and the Daily Silver Belt. The town has also 
three churches, two banks and a theater. Other towns of importance 
are Hayden and Winkleman, which are also dependent upon the min- 
mining industry and are rapidly improving. 

Between Globe and Miami there is a good railroad, a branch of 
the Arizona Eastern, and excellent automobile service, and recently 
a franchise has been granted for the building of an electric line be- 
tween the two towns. Between Phoenix, the state capital, and 
Globe is splendid automobile service, and passengers may leave 
either place after breakfast and reach their destination in the early 




Scene on Road Between Safford and Globe 

afternoon, the route being by Roosevelt Dam and through scenery 
which cannot be excelled in the country. The Kelsey stage line, 
which has plied between Globe and Kelvin for many years, connect- 
ing with the Arizona Eastern at Ray Junction, has been modernized 
by the addition of several automobiles, and during the past year has 
not missed a trip. The veteran stage driver, "Bill Kelsey," drives 
the automobile with the same dexterity as he did the stage coach, 
which almost precludes the possibility of a mishap. 

It is confidently expected that within the next few months the 
district about Payson will be traversed by railroads and highways, 
which will greatly enhance the desirability of this section as a resi- 
dence place, and, all in all, it is the hope of the people of this 
county that Gila will eventually, because of its many advantages of 
resource and beauty, become the most populous and wealthy county 
of Arizona. 



74 



no s \v ii o 





Scenes in Globe and Miami 



IN ARIZONA 



75 



Coconino County 



By Edgar A. Brown 

THROUGHOUT ARIZONA there is a large amount of building 
done during the year. There is a great demand for lumber 
and in the northern part of the state, vast amounts of virgin timber 
are found. The county of Coconino may well be called the home 
of the lumber industry of the state, as the four greatest mills in the 
southwest are located in this county. The Arizona Lumber Com- 
pany has been among the great wealth producers of the state for 
many years and has turned out enough lumber to build as many 




Babbitt Brothers' Trading Post 

buildings as are at present standing in the entire state. The members 
of the firm, progressive, wideawake business men, have been promi- 
nent in the industrial life of the state, and have done much toward 
the upbuilding of Arizona. They are interested also in other in- 
dustries, including sheep and cattle raising, and the same interests 
which control the Arizona Lumber Company are heavy stockholders 
in the Greenlaw Lumber Company, which has a large mill near 
Flagstaff. 

The Saginaw and Manisteo Lumber Company has been most 
successful since it was established several years ago at Williams, one 
of the progressive towns of the northern tier of counties. The man- 
agement has been in the hands of capable men who understand both 
the manufacture and sale of lumber, and the company has been a 
success from the start. This industry pays to the people of Coconino 



\V H O S \V H O 



a large amount of money each year in wages and for supplies, and 
otherwise brings into the channels of trade a large amount of money. 
The lumber men and mill men are among the best citi/.ens, and a 
majority of them o\vn their own homes in the county. 

The Flagstaff Lumber Company is a new concern, but it is fast 
forging to the front. The men who have charge of the mill are also 
heavy stockholders and the large majority of the stockholders are 
residents of Coconino county. The company handles all kinds of 
lumber and supplies the trade in a number of Arizona towns. 

Large tracts of timber still remain uncut in the county and it is 
expected that the mills will be supplied for a score of years from 
the forests contained in Coconino county. 

For years Coconino county has been one of the greatest stock 
producing counties in the state. The sheep and cattle raised in that 
section are among the finest in Arizona, and many fortunes have 
been made within the borders of this county. One of the most 
pleasing features of the county is the fact that a majority of the men 
who have made their fortunes here make their home in Flagstaff, 
which is often called the "City of Millionaires." The great depart- 
ment store of Babbitt Brothers, which has been evolved from a mod- 
est beginning, furnishes supplies to the entire northern section of 
the state and the products of their ranches and slaughter house 
are used over the entire state, the excellence of the articles having 
developed for them a home market. 

At Flagstaff, the county seat, is situated the Northern Arizona 
Normal School, which under the direction of Dr. R. H. H. Blome 
has increased not only in efficiency and thoroughness, but has largely 
increased its membership. 

In addition to its vast lumber industry Coconino is one of the 
greatest sheep raising sections of the state, and there a specialty is 
made of the finest breeds. There is also great manufacturing possi- 
bilities afforded by the waterfalls near the Grand Canyon, \vhere 
it would be possible to generate an immense power. 

Within the confines of Coconino are some of the state's most won- 
derful natural curiosities, among which are the Grand Canyon, one of 
the natural wonders of the world, Sunset Crater, Ice Caves, Lava 
Beds, and the lofty San Francisco Mountains snow topped the year 
round. There also are situated the cliff dwellings, one of the ancient 
curiosities, and at Flagstaff is situated the famous Lowell Observa- 
tory. 

Although sparsely settled, apart from the two towns of Flagstaff 
and Williams, the great resources of Coconino seem to insure for it an 
increase in population and that in the near future the hills and 
valleys of the entire section will be dotted with the cottages and 
ranch homes of the new residents who have come to Arizona to 
carve their fortunes from this attractive portion of the new state. 



IN ARIZONA 



77 



Q 

o 



N 

O 

a 






\\ 1 1 ( ) S \\ H < ) 



Yuma County 

By J. H. Westover 

YUMA COUNTY, one of the four original sub-divisions of the Terri- 
tory of Arizona ,has been almost totally dependent on mining and cat- 
tle raising as sources of revenue, but with the installation of the Yuma 
project, one of the greatest of irrigation projects, it is confidently ex- 
pected that its agricultural possibilities will be thoroughly developed, 
and fanning assume the place as one of the county's resources that it 
can only where there is the amount of sunshine and growing w r eather 
that Yuma County affords. This land in its natural state is compara- 
tively worthless, the rainfall at Yuma being only 2.50 inches per 
annum, but supplied with abundant water by irrigation, it be- 
comes the most fruitful in the world. The Yuma Valley and the 
South Gila Valley and the Yuma Mesa are parts of the Gadsden pur- 
chase, having been acquired by the United States from Mexico shortly 
after the close of the Mexican war, at which time the boundary line 
between the two countries was definitely and permanently fixed. That 
part of the Yuma project lying north of the Gila river and on the 
Arizona side of the river were acquired from Mexico by conquest, in 
the war of 1847-48. These five parcels of land, the Indian reserva- 
tion on the California side of the river, the North Gila, the South 
Gila, the Yuma Mesa and the Yuma Valley on the Arizona side of 
the Colorado, make up the Yuma project, or the land which is to be 
irrigated by water taken from the Colorado at Laguna dam. 

The greatest development under the Yuma project has taken place, 
up to this time, in the Yuma Valley, that part of the project lying im- 
mediately south of the town of Yuma. This valley contains some 
53,000 acres. It extends from the corporate limits of Yuma to the 
Mexican line, twenty-one miles down the river, and is bounded on the 
west by the Colorado, and on the east by the mesa. Practically all of 
this land is in private ownership. There is some school land which 
can be leased from the state, and a few T scattered small tracts of gov- 
ernment land and Indian holdings. 

Since the completion of the siphon, under the Colorado river, and 
the turning of the water through that giant concrete tube, June 28, 
1912, gravity water has been furnished by the Reclamation Service to 
those farms and to all others that were ready to receive the water. 
The water is now cheap and abundant for this valley. Dozens of 
farmers are engaged in clearing and levelling their land, and it is be- 
lieved that 15,000 acres of land in the Yuma Valley will be in culti- 
vation during the season of 1913. More land will be brought in, year 
by year, until every acre of this unit of the project will be contributing 
its part to the fruitfulness and prosperity of the valley. The Yuma 
Valley part of the project will be the first of the project on the Ari- 
zona side of the river to be completed. 



IN ARIZONA 



79 




Yiuna County Court House 




Elks' Building at Yuma 



WHO S WHO 



The land in the North Gila Valley, about 15,000 acres, is largely 
in private ownership, although there is some government land which 
will be thrown open to entry when the project is completed. These 
lands are now receiving water from Laguna dam, and the development 
of this beautiful valley is well under way. 

The lands covered by this project are most favorably situated for 
agriculture, the soil and climate being unsurpassed, and the water 
supply unlimited. In the bottom lands the following products may be 
grown with excellent yields: barley, corn, alfalfa, wheat, milo maize, 
alfalfa seed, potatoes, onions and other vegetables, cantaloupes, Egyp- 
tian and upland cotton. It is also a most favorable dairy country. 
Figs, dates, grapes, and various fruits are grown in small quantities, 
the returns indicating that good results can be obtained with this 
class of crop, and it is anticipated that the areas now covered by these 
products will be extended.. At the present time there is one citrus 
grove of about 75 acres, on the mesa, producing grape fruit and 
oranges of a very high quality. Because of the dry climate, the Ari- 
zona trees are remarkably free from scale and other kindred diseases 
which affect these growths in less favored spots. 

The value of land in this section has already increased rapidly. 
That worth from $15 to $50 an acre seven years ago is now worth 
from $60 to $200, as people realize that the water supply is cheap, 
abundant and permanent, and there will be further notable increases 
in these values. There are thousands of acres of land in Southern 
California on which are gro\vn orange and lemon orchards and wal- 
nut groves, that are selling in the open market from $1,000 to $2,500 
an acre, and that produce an income that makes the investment attrac- 
tive in that high-priced land. The great need of Yuma County is 
capital and real farmers. 

Of this irrigation project which is to mean so much to the future 
of Yuma County, the following by F. L. Sellew, engineer of the pro- 
ject, is very comprehensive and to date : 

'The Yuma Irrigation Project is one of the results of the Reclama- 
tion Act passed by Congress in June, 1902. Developments under way 
and now about 75 per cent, completed, provide for the irrigation of 
approximately 140,000 acres, 16,000 acres being in California, along 
the Colorado river, and the remainder on the opposite side of the 
stream, in Arizona. The principal features of the work are : Laguna 
Dam, nearly one mile in length, which provides for the diversion of 
water from the river about fourteen miles above Yuma; over 400 
miles of main and lateral canals, ranging in capacity from 1,700 
second-feet to 10 second-feet; an inverted siphon of 14 feet internal 
diameter, conveying the water from the main canal, under the Colo- 
rado river; numerous canal structures, and some seventy-five miles of 
levee for the defense of the bottom lands against the periodic rises of 
the stream. 



IN ARIZONA 



81 




Indian Hut, near Yuma 

"The water supply from the Colorado river is unfailing; the lowest 
known discharge of the stream being 2,700 second-feet, which lasted 
but a few days. Seldom is the discharge lower than 5,000 second- 
feet for any material period. In freshets the volume rises, at times, to 
150,000 second-feet. 

"The government works, which control the diversion of water and 
its deliver}' to the farms, are of the most permanent and lasting char- 
acter. Laguna Dam creates no storage, is merely for the purposes of 
diversion and to furnish the means by which silt may be removed from 
the water before the supply enters the canals, and later, sluiced back to 
the river below the dam. The structure is practically 250 feet broad 
across its base, resting upon alluvial deposits of the stream, except at 
its ends, where it is firmly connected to the rock abutments. The 
down-stream side of the structure is protected from damage by erosive 
currents by a substantial apron, composed of rock from one to two tons 
in weight. About ten miles below the dam a drop of ten feet occurs, 
which is at present accomplished by means of a siphon spillway. Later 
a power plant will be constructed at this point from which about 
1,200 horse power of electric energy may be developed. Some 2,000 
feet above the entrance to the Colorado siphon, a waste-way is con- 
structed, leading to the Colorado river. This makes an advantageous 



82 



WHO S WHO 



point of control for the bulk of the project. Control at this point 
also allows a uniform quantity to run through the wheels at the 
powerhouse above, giving a constant load on the plant. 

"This structure was completed in March, 1909. In June of that 
year the annual freshet was sending 150,000 second-feet over its crest. 
The floods of 1909 and 1912 are probably as large as any that have 
ever come down the Colorado River, and it is unlikely that the future 
will see them greatly exceeded. The main canal, which originates at 
the Arizona end of the structure, provides for but a few thousand acres 
of ground above Yuma, crossed by the Gila River. This canal has a 
capacity of 250 second-feet, and concrete gates control the various 
lateral canals which receive their supply from it. Although the bulk 
of the land to be irrigated is in Arizona, the main canal leaves the 
dam from the California end, because on this side w r as found the most 
favorable route." 

The cold wave which swept over the entire Southwest in January, 
1913, and did such damage to many orange groves, left the Yuma 
orange orchards unscathed, neither the trees nor the fruit having been 
damaged in the least. In addition to this evidence that the orange 
lands here are absolutely frostless, this freeze demonstrated that the 
valley lands under the Yuma project are safe for orange culture. Two 
nurseries of orange trees from tw r o to three years old and from three 
to five feet high, located in the coldest spots in the valley, passed 
through that trying period without damage and the early spring finds 
them in full fruit and flower. 




Bridge Over Main Canal, Yuma 



I N A R I Z O N A 



Navajo County 

By W. H. Clark 

NAVAJO COUNTY, located in the northeastern part of the State, 
about the center of the Great Colorado Plateau, was created by act 
of the Eighteenth Legislature after one of the most bitter fights ever 
witnessed in the Territorial Legislature over county division. This 
fight was carried to the closing hours of the session, and was used as 
a club to prevent the removal of the territorial prison from Yuma. 

Navajo County has an area of 9,826 square miles, is about 240 
miles from north to south and about 53 miles from east to west. At 
the time of its organization, as shown by the tax roll, the total 
assessed valuation was $370,000, the population about 4,000, and it 
carried an indebtedness of practically $100,000 as a heritage of unrest 
from the parent county. Today it has a population of more than 
15,000, a valuation of nearly $4,000,000, and an indebtedness of 
about $30,000. There are 1,122,968 acres of surveyed, and 393,363 
acres of unsurveyed land, making a total of 1,516,331 acres within the 
county that are unappropriated, thousands of which are the richest, 
choicest and most fertile lands to be found in the Southwest. There 
is also plenty of water with which to irrigate these lands, only a 
small outlay being required to build storage reservoirs to impound 
the waters of the streams and make a large agricultural section in the 
heart of the county. An investment in any of these irrigation 
projects, all of which are feasible, will bring returns a thousand fold. 
The county is simply studded with reservoir sites and abounds with 
splendid lands awaiting but the magic touch of capital to develop 
them. 

About one-third of the county is heavily timbered with yellow 
pine, spruce, fir, oak, aspen, cedar and juniper, the first named three 
piedominating. The stand of yellow pine is estimated at over 
4,000,000,000 feet board measure. 

The Navajo Southern Railway Company and the Navajo Lumber 
& Timber Company, incorporated under the laws of Arizona, with 
headquarters at Holbrook, have recently made the largest purchase 
of timber from the Forestry Service and the Department of the In- 
terior that has ever been made, and are about ready to place a bond 
issue of $2,000,000 for the purpose of building a standard guage 
common carrier railway 75 miles long to reach the heart of the timber 
belt. Every foot of this railway will be in Navajo County, and 



84 



W H O S WHO 




Sheep in Pasture 



the largest mills in the southwest will be constructed to handle the 
timber, it being compulsory, according to the government specifica- 
tions, to have mills which will cut not less than 50,000,000 feet of 
timber each year, the cutting to commence within two years from the 
date of the signing of the final contract with the government. The 
foregoing development will mean the employment of about 800 per- 
sons, and an immense payroll to be distributed throughout the county. 
It is estimated that the county school and road funds will be bene- 
fited to the extent of $25,000 annually, as 25 per cent of the stumpage 
value will revert from the government to those funds. 

An irrigation project is now under way, by means of which close 
to 50,000 acres of land will be irrigated, and it is thought that work 
will commence during 1913. 

The Aztec Land & Cattle Company, located near St. Joseph, has 
several thousand acres of their lands consolidated, which they are 
cutting into small farms and selling on long term payments. Two 
artesian wells have recently been struck, one of them flowing water 
five feet above the surface. The company sells perpetual water rights 
with their lands in this artesian belt. 

Dry farming is now being carried on extensively in the higher alti- 
tudes of the county, beginning about Snowflake and extending to the 
top of the mountains, the acreage increasing every year. Much credit 
for this development must be given to the 'State University, as the 
experiment station established some years ago near Snowflake has 
had much to do with the success of the dry farmer in this county. 



I X A R I Z O X A 85 

Navajo County schools are second to none in the State, and are 
growing rapidly. During the fiscal year 1909-1910 the receipts for 
school purposes were $25,642.15 and the expenditures $21,291.70; 
and during the succeeding fiscal year the receipts were $30,524.91 
and the expenditures $29,780.38, which shows that the schools of the 
county are enjoying a healthy growth. 

The raising of livestock on open ranges is considered the main in- 
dustry of the County, and shipments of cattle and sheep annually run 
well up into the thousands. In addition, the wool shipments are 
enormous. 

In the northern part of the county lies the Navajo Indian reserva- 
tion and the Moqui (Hopi) reservation, containing quaint and inter- 
esting villages that attract people from all parts of the globe to wit- 
ness their peculiar religious ceremony known as the Snake Dance, 
which occurs each year between the 18th and the 22nd of August. 
But before the positive date is announced the sun must cast a shadow 
in a given place when shining over the rock, and as the writer under- 
stands it they hold the dance a certain number of days after the 
shadow is cast. 

The weird Painted Desert is another of nature's wonders. It lies 
to the west in the northern part of the county, and must be seen to 
be appreciated, with its beautiful, shifting scenery. Closing the eyes 
for a moment only will cause all the beautiful scenes before one to 
change as if by magic. To the east is the wonderful, awe-inspiring, 
silent beauty of one of the world's seven wonders, the Petrified For- 
ests of Arizona ; and to the south the beautiful virgin pine forests of 
the White Mountains, the largest solid area of forestry in the United 
States, which will soon be one of the greatest pleasure and recreation 
spots of the western country. These forests are becoming famous 
for hunting bear, mountain lion, wolf, bob cats, coyotes, deer, turkey 
and other smaller game, while the festive, speckled brook trout 
abounds in the streams. 

The Navajo County of today, with nearly $4,000,000 worth of 
assessable property, 15,000 population, with her lumber and coal de- 
velopment in view and irrigation projects being promoted, it seems 
safe to say will soon be in better shape financially than any other 
countv in the State. 



86 



\V H () S \V H () 




Dipping Sheep 




A Large Flock of Sheep 



T N A R I Z O 1ST A 87 



Apache County 



APACHE COUNTY, situated in the extreme northeastern corner of 
the state, was organized in 1879, and in 1881 a portion of the original 
Apache was taken to form a portion of Graham, and in 1895 the 
present County of Navajo was formed from it. The first settlements 
in this section were made about 1876, by Mormons from Utah, on 
both sides of the Little Colorado River. The county is a series of 
hills, and broad, beautiful, fertile valleys with excellent drainage. 
Locations for natural water storage reservoirs are plentiful, and in 
the vicinity of St. Johns are a number of private irrigation projects 
which are well under way, and there are many fine farms in the 
county. It is especially adapted to the production of hay, forage and 
grains, and the acreage producing all of these has greatly increased in 
the past decade. According to the U. S. Census of 1910, nearly half 
the quantity of oats reported grown in Arizona was raised in Apache 
County. This report also showed a vast increase in the number of farms 
in Apache. This county is also among the large producers of sheep and 
cattle. The forests are covered with a heavy growth of tall pine, and 
in timber alone the county is worth millions of dollars. Very little of 
this timber has been cut, and this industry is yet awaiting the advent 
of capital and the transportation facilities necessary to its develop- 
ment. The White Mountains furnish the best fishing and hunting to 
be found in the Southwest, and annually a large number of people 
visit Apache County for the purpose of enjoying these pastimes. The 
people of the county are interested in the subject of better highways, 
good roads are being built, bridges constructed, and within the past 
year an excellent automobile service has been established from Hoi- 
brook to St. Johns and Springerville, thus insuring a trip that is a 
pleasure, rather than a hardship, as was the case under old condi- 
tions. The county seat and largest town in the county is St. Johns, 
situated in the center of a rich stock raising section, which has two 
churches, an academy, and two weekly newspapers, the Herald and 
Apache News. Towns next in importance and size are Concho, Eagar 
and Springerville. The public schools of Apache County have flour- 
ished, and nearly every settlement boasts its school. Mercantile 
houses also exist in the above towns, the most important of which is 
the Arizona Co-operative Mercantile Association. 

Scattered over the greater portion of Apache County are numerous 
ruins of prehistoric people. In the immediate vicinity of St. Johns are 
ruins of two large towns which contained probably 3,000 or 4,000 
inhabitants each. Near Springerville are others showing the same 
characteristics as the former, and all of them display the exercise of 
considerable engineering skill. 



\\ I I S \V M 




Old Indian Village 




Indians Loitering in Doorway 



INARIZONA 89 



Mohave County 



By Kean St. Charles 

MOHAVE COUNTY lies in the northwestern corner of the state and 
is one of the four original political divisions into which Arizona was 
divided. The Colorado River forms a portion of its western bound- 
ary. It contains many mountain ranges and broad valleys. Until 
the advent of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad its only method of com- 
munication with the outer world was by means of the Colorado River, 
hence its progress was slow. The county is now crossed by the A. T. & 
S. F. Ry., and the county seat, Kingman, is 380 miles east of Los 
Angeles. Since its organization, in 1864, Mohave County has been 
the scene of active mining operations, and mining is still its principal 
industry, almost every known metal being found in the mountains, 
and even turquoise and other stones are mined. Within Mohave are 
located two of the largest and richest gold mines of the world, the 
Tom Reed and Gold Road. Lands along the Colorado River, in the 
Mohave Valley, grow every semi-tropical fruit. Strawberries can be 
raised every month in the year, while watermelons have been kept as 
late as Christmas. The lands in the Wallapia Valley will raise crops 
of small grain without irrigation, and if irrigated, will produce any 
crop known to this latitude. Figs here produce phenomenal crops. The 
climate of Mohave is, indeed, delightful. In the mountains it is cool and 
delightful during the summer months, while the valleys are not oppres- 
sively hot. The town of Kingman was founded in 1883. It lies between 
the Wallapai and Cerbat Mountains, 3,400 feet above sea level. It has 
an abundance of good water, excellent drainage, and the best climate 
to be found in the state. It has two churches, Catholic and Method- 
ist, and two banks. It also has a large power plant. Two weekly 
newspapers, The Miner and Our Mineral Wealth, are published 
here. Chloride is the next town in size, and Oatman and Gold Road 
are prosperous camps, populated by men of ability and perseverance. 
There is much undeveloped wealth in Mohave's valleys, rich in na- 
ture's fertile soil only awaiting moisture to make them yield a golden 
harvest, and thousands of acres of land that can be readily reclaimed. 
1 hrough an immense gorge in the northern part of the county flows 
the mighty Colorado from which could be obtained enough water to 
irrigate all the arid land of the state, and there are yet but few irri- 
gation canals in the county. Thousands of mines are open to location 
in the mountains, and the valleys are rich and unsettled, but with 
proper advertising and energy Mohave would soon rank with the best 
of counties in population and wealth. The county contains excellent 
banking facilities, and stores in each of the larger towns, and public 
schools that will compare favorably with any in the state. 



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Off to the Mines 




Horseless Carriage of the Desert 



I NT ARIZONA 



91 



Final County 

By Thus. F. Weed in, Editor Blade- Tribune, Florence, Arizona. 

FINAL COUNTY, although one of the smallest divisions of Arizona, 
is looked upon as one of the coming counties, as nature was here par- 
ticularly lavish of her favors. Pinal has a wondrous landscape of 
mountain and mesa, valley and canyon, with exquisite coloring. On 
the higher mountains are forests of pine, oak, ash and walnut. 
Through the county run the Gila, the San Pedro, and the Aravaipa, 
while on hoth sides of these streams are level stretches of land of 
wonderful productive capability and endurance. Then, too, large 
areas within the county are impregnated with all the precious metals 
and minerals of commercial value. Last, but not least, Pinal is 
possessed of a climate semi-tropical in mildness, and unsurpassed in 
its health-giving properties, with an atmosphere dry and pure in the 
extreme. The total area of Pinal County is about 5,300 square 
miles and its population over 10,000. 

The mineral district of this county covers at least two-thirds of its 
surface area, the greater portion of which has not yet been touched by 
the prospector's pick. Yet, the mines of the county have yielded in 
gold, silver, lead and copper, a total of $60,000,000. The metals 
and minerals exist here in both veins and deposits, and where ex- 
plored have proven of great magnitude and value. As the unexplored 
surface exhibits the same physical condition and the same evidences 
of mineralization, as do those which have been explored, it is rational 
to assume that they, too, will prove both extensive and valuable. 

Next in importance to the fact that our veins and deposits are ex- 
ceptional in magnitude, and productive capabilities, is the character of 
the ore they contain. In this feature they are also exceptional. The 
major portion of them contain what is commonly called "combination 
ores," that is, ores carrying from two to four metals of commercial 
value, each in paying percentage. The usual metallic constituent ores 
in Pinal are gold, silver, copper and lead certainly an ideal combina- 
tion to insure profits. Furthermore, most of these ores carry a suffi- 
cient percentage of iron and lime to make them self-fluxing in the 
smelting furnace, therefore they can be treated by the fire concentra- 
tion process at the minimum cost of smelting. 

But the mineral wealth of Pinal County is not limited to the above- 
named four metals. Prospecting and mining have been chiefly con- 
fined to these metals simply because few prospectors are sufficiently 
familiar with the ores of the rarer metals to recognize them in the 
field, referring in this connection, to platinum, uranium, nickel, co- 
balt, bismuth, tungsten, vanadium, molybdenum, etc., all of which 
exist here, but as yet in undetermined quantities. We also have bitu- 
minous coal measures, in an undeveloped state, in the Deer Creek 



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INARIZONA 93 

district, but sufficiently prospected to demonstrate that they can be 
made profitably productive. The two great mining properties of the 
county are the Magma copper-gold-silver property, at Superior, and 
the Ray Consolidated copper mines, at Ray. 

In the center of Final's mineral area, beginning seven miles east of 
Florence, extending thence south to and beyond Casa Grande, west to 
and beyond Maricopa Junction, north to the base of the Superstition 
Mountain range, and thence west to the Final and Maricopa county 
line, is a solid body of surpassingly fertile agricultural land, needing 
only water to make it as fruitful as is the delta of the Nile. At 
some time in the unwritten past, and long before the present type of 
civilized man was privileged to look upon this land of promise, a very 
numerous people thrived and prospered here, as is attested by the yet 
distinctly visible remnants of their very elaborate canal systems and 
auxiliary storage reservoirs. Through the center of this great stretch 
of fertile land trails the Gila River, with its 17,000 square miles of 
watershed and phosphated water, entirely devoid of deleterious sub- 
stances and enriching the soil at each irrigation by the deposit of silt 
rich in phosphates, while through its southern portion runs the Santa 
Cruz River. The underground waters of the Santa Cruz are suffi- 
ciently near the surface, west of the McLellan wash and in the vicin- 
ity of Casa Grande and Maricopa stations, to make irrigation by 
means of pumping plants feasible and profitable. Probably 50,000 
acres could be reclaimed in this manner, through the organization of 
pumping plant districts, under a district irrigation law, or through 
the installation of individual plants. A number of individual pump- 
ing plants are now in course of installation, and some in operation, in 
this locality. Several are also in successful operation near Florence. 
The normal flow of the Gila River, at the point where it enters this 
valley, twelve miles above Florence, is sufficient to irrigate perma- 
nently about 25,000 acres of land, according to reports submitted by 
James D. Schuyler and John H. Quinton after they had carefully 
studied and analyzed the stream flow tables compiled by the Geological 
Survey from data obtained by daily measurements made during years 
of minimum flow. All this water has been appropriated by small pri- 
vate ditches, the O. T. canal, recently completed, and the Final Mu- 
tual Irrigation Company's canal, now in course of construction. The 
latter canal will have a diversion dam of the Indian weir type, planned 
by James D. Schuyler, who is consulting engineer for the builders. 
This canal system will be built, owned and operated by the land 
owners whose land it will irrigate. The O. T. canal is also a mutual 
system, operated on the co-operative plan, and serves about 2,500 
acres of land. In planning the diversion dam and head-works for 
the Final Mutual Irrigation company's system, Engineer Schuyler 
took into consideration the probable early construction of the San 
Carlos dam, and designed said works upon a scale that will fully meet 
the requirements of the larger project. Recent contour surveys of the 



94 



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IN ARIZ () N A 



95 



Picacho reservoir, now the property of the Final Mutual Irrigation 
Company, demonstrate that it can.be enlarged to a storage capacity of 
about 65,000 acre-feet of water. It can be safely estimated that the 
enlarged Picacho reservoir will irrigate about 15,000 acres of land. 
There is no doubt that the San Carlos dam will be constructed in 
the near future, as the government has become greatly interested in the 
project on behalf of its Pima wards. 

The Casa Grande Valley Water Users' Association has also pro- 
jected and are surveying a flood water canal, from a point about 
twelve miles east of Florence to Casa Grande station, on the Southern 
Pacific Railroad. It will be seen, by all the foregoing data, that by 
means of canal, storage and pumping systems, fully 200,000 acres of 
fertile land can be reclaimed in this valley, if we fully utilize the 
various sources of water supply. 

In the San Pedro Valley is a large acreage of exceedingly fertile 
land that can be reclaimed by river and artesian water, extending from 
Dudleyville to the east line of the county. A well at a depth of 800 
feet, near Mammoth, struck a strong "gusher" that is furnishing suffi- 
cient water to irrigate several hundred acres, thus proving the valley 
to be in the artesian belt. The Aravaipa Valley, which comes into 
the San Pedro Valley about twelve miles above Winkelman, has an 
abundant water supply in the Aravaipa Creek, which flows through 
the center of it, and all the lands of this picturesque little valley are 
planted to fruit, including navel oranges, lemons, apples, peaches, 
pears, apricots, plums, grapes and all kinds of berries. Its fruits are 
unsurpassed in size and flavor. 

Owing to a rare combination of climatic and soil conditions, the 
lands surrounding Florence, and extending to and surrounding Casa 
Grande, w r ill produce to perfection oranges, lemons, grape fruit, olives, 
figs, nectarines, peaches, apricots, plums, pears, pomegranates, grapes 
and all kinds of berries. 




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IN ARIZONA 



97 



Greenlee County 



GREENLEE COUNTY, the fourteenth and youngest county in Ari- 
zona, was organized from the eastern part of Graham County, the 
organization having become effective January 1, 1911. Greenlee is 
one of the richest and most populous counties of the State. Its last 

assessment showed a valua- 
tion of upwards of $12,000,- 
000, with vast improvements 
and developments under way, 
especially by the mining com- 
panies operating there. Three 
of the greatest mining com- 
panies of the State, The Ari- 
zona Copper Company, The 
Detroit Copper Mining 
Company, and The Shannon 
Copper Company, have their 
holdings in Greenlee Coun- 
ty. Although primarily a 
mining county, a large num- 
ber of cattle are raised in 
Greenlee County, and this 
industry is being gradually 
developed. There is also a 
large amount of land under 
cultivation, and in the south- 
ern part are many fine 
ranches, on which alfalfa 
hay, grain, fruit and vege- 
tables are raised, and for the 
latter the towns of Clifton 
and Morenci furnish an ex- 
cellent market. The Arizona Copper Company has stores in both 
these places, and The Phelps Dodge Mercantile Company has a store 
at Morenci that will compare favorably with those found in large 
cities. Other good stores are to be found throughout the county, and 
the banking facilities are splendid. There are also two live news- 
papers, The Copper Era and The Duncan Arizonan. 

For the transportation of ore from mines to smelter the Shannon 
Copper Company has built, at a greater cost per mile than any other 
road in the State, a railroad 13 miles long, and the Coronado Railroad, 
owned by The Arizona Copper Company, connects the towns of Met- 
calf and Clifton. The Arizona & New Mexico Railway also passes 
through the county and connects with the Southern Pacific main line. 




98 



\V H O S \V H O 




Birdseye View of Clifton 



IN ARIZ () N A 



99 



Clifton, the county seat, has a population of more than 5,000, and 
is situated on the line of the Coronado and Arizona & New Mexico 
Rys. Morenci, the next town of importance in the county, has also a 
population of more than 5,000. Both these towns are dependent upon 
the mining and smelting; of copper, and both have excellent lighting, 
water and telephone systems, all modern conveniences, and splendidly 
equipped high schools, with superior opportunities for education. Each 
one also supports a Catholic and a Presbyterian church, two banks, 
two good hotels, and two hospitals, the latter maintained by the min- 
ing companies whose headquarters are in the county. These towns 
are seven miles apart, and arrangements have been made by the cor- 
poration which recently received the franchise for an electric road be- 
tween Globe and Miami, to build an electric road connecting them 
within the next year. 

Metcalf, another thriving town of more than 2,000 inhabitants, is 
situated six miles from Clifton on the Coronado Railway, in the 
heart of the mining district, and upon this industry its inhabitants are 
largely dependent. Duncan is the largest town in the farming dis- 
trict and the shipping point for the farmers and cattlemen of a large 
area. It has a thoroughly good school system, hotel, bank, several 
stores and w r eekly paper. Plans are now under way for a highway 
from Duncan, on the A. & N. M., to Solomonsville on the A. E. Ry. 

Greenlee County needs better transportation facilities, and her 
people are working earnestly for better highways. The affairs of the 
county are handled by capable officials, its outlook is bright, and the 
desirability of Greenlee as a place of residence is constantly being 
recognized by persons in search of a permanent home. 




100 w H O ' S WHO 



The Grand Canyon 

/ 

THE GRAND CANYON OF THE COLORADO lies mostly in Arizona, 
though it touches also Utah, Nevada, and California. With its vari- 
ous windings and side canyons it is nearly seven hundred miles long, 
and in many places over one and one-quarter miles deep, while its 
width at the top is from eight to tw r enty miles. Its walls, composed 
principally of sandstone, though in places of marble, or limestone, or 
volcanic rock, have the appearance, when viewed from the front, of 
being perpendicular while they are not. They are generally terraced 
in a manner peculiar to the Southwest, and cleft into innumerable 
buttes which seem towers and castles, and when the sunshine of that 
arid, but enchanted, land falls upon their wondrous domes and battle- 
ments, the sight is a revelation that causes strong men to sit down and 
weep in speechless awe. 

There is no such thing as describing the Grand Canyon, but Charles 
Dudley Warner has, in the following, come nearer giving a hint in 
words of what one may expect there, than has any one else who has 
ever undertaken the task of description : 

"In attempting to convey an idea of the Grand Canyon, the writer 
can be assisted by no comparison.. The Vermilion Cliffs, the Pink 
Cliffs, the White Cliffs surpass in fantastic form and brilliant color 
anything that the imagination conceives possible in nature ; and there 
are dreamy landscapes quite beyond the most exquisite fancies of 
Claude and Turner. The region is full of wonders, of beauties, and 
sublimities that Shelly's imaginings do not match in the 'Prometheus 
Unbound'. Human experience has no prototype of this region, and 
the imagination has never conceived of its forms and colors. 
The whole magnificence broke upon us. No one could be prepared 
for it. The scene is one to strike dumb with aw r e, or to unstring the 
nerves. It w T as a shock so novel that the mind, dazed, quite failed to 
comprehend it. All that w y e could comprehend was a vast confusion of 
amphitheaters and strange architectural forms resplendent with color. 
We had come into a new world. This great space is filled 
with gigantic architectural constructions, w r ith amphitheaters, gorges, 
precipices, walls of masonry, fortresses, temples mountain size, all 
brilliant with horizontal lines of color streaks of solid hues a thous- 
and feet in width yellows, mingled white and gray, orange, dull 
red, brown, blue, carmine, green, all blending in the sunlight into 
one transcendent effusion of splendor. . . . Some one said that 
all that was needed to perfect this scene was a Niagara Falls. I 
thought what a figure a fall 150 feet high and 3,000 feet long would 
make in this arena. It would need a spy-glass to discover it. An 
adequate Niagara here should be at least three miles in breadth and 
fall 2,000 feet over one of these walls. And the Yosemite ah the 



IN ARIZONA 



101 



lovely Yosemite. Dumped down into this wilderness of gorges and 
mountains, it would take a guide who knew of its existence a long 
time to find it. Those who have long and carefully studied the Grand 
Canyon of the Colorado do not hesitate for a moment to pronounce it 
by far the most sublime of all earthly spectacles." 

One can explore the canyon for miles around the rim, finding new 
wonders at every step ; and even though seated in one spot a new 
canyon appears every hour, as the scene is ever changing. It is possi- 
ble to stay a month, travel every hour of daylight, and not thoroughly 
realize the canyon. It is, in fact, a canyon in which all the world's 
famous gorges could be lost forever. 

However, difficulty of access can no longer be advanced as a reason 
for Americans not seeing the Grand Canyon, as the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe Railway System has made it possible to reach the Canyon 
by rail, the round trip fare 
from Williams being $7.50, j 
and baggage may be checked 
at Williams. The Califor- 
nia Limited, a main-line 
train, carries a through 
sleeper to the Canyon, but 
stop overs are allowed on 
all tickets going east or 
west, and the trip is feasible 
any day in the year. Hav- 
ing reached the Canyon, 
one finds hotel accommoda- 
tions that can not be excel- 
led in large eastern cities, 
the El Tovar and Bright 
Angel, and for those who 
care to remain longer, fa- 
cilities for camping trips 
completely equipped and in 
charge of experienced 
guides. There are also 
conveyances for making any 

of the numerous trips .-ibout 

the Canyon, all of which 

are to be had at a reasonable rate. It is also possible to reach the 
Canyon by private conveyance from Flagstaff, but this route is not 
available in winter, and the great bulk of the travel is by Santa Fe 
Railway from Williams. 




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The Roosevelt Dam 

ROOSEVELT DAM, a dam of the arch gravity type, is constructed of 
masonry rubble and built into the bed rock of the river, extending to 
a height of two hundred and eighty-seven feet. The masonry is fitted 
into the canyon sides for a distance of thirty feet or more, and at the 
base is one hundred and eighty-five feet thick, narrowing toward the 
top until at the crest it is but twenty feet, and the whole being sur- 
mounted by a roadway sixteen feet wide in the clear with a stone para- 
pet four feet wide on each side. The roadway, connected with the 
sides of the canyon by concrete and steel bridges w T hich span the spill- 
ways, is lighted by electricity. The length of this roadway over the 
spillways and across the top of the dam is nearly a quarter of a mile, 
its one side dropping to the water at its various levels and the other 
dropping to the river bed two hundred and twenty-five feet below. 

In the construction of this dam it was necessary to exercise the most 
extreme care. Every stone, some of which weigh thirty tons, was 
washed under hydraulic pressure before being put into position. The 
stone used is hard, of close texture and gray color. The cement, over 
350,000 barrels of which was used in construction, was made on the 
ground. Close by the damsite were found deposits of shale and rock, 
which it was found could be compounded into a first-class cement, 
after proper treatment, so a cement mill was erected on the ground, 
and manufacturing begun. This resulted in a saving of approximately 
$600,000, largely because the cost of hauling so great a quantity of 
cement from the railroad sixty miles away would have been enormous. 

To build this great wall, to put a thirty-ton rock in its proper place 
with that nicety which goes with good engineering, required consider- 
able power. So the first work, after the preliminary surveys were 
made, was to plan and build a power canal to generate electricity 
which could be utilized to lift rocks, run drills, grind cement, manipu- 
late derricks and cable-ways, and do all other odd work. 

The engineers went up the Salt River, nineteen miles above the 
point where the big dam was to be built, and there built a small diver- 
sion weir across the stream. This water was turned into a power 
canal, which ended at a point right above the site of the big Roosevelt 
Dam. The water was then turned through an inclined penstock tun- 
nel, lined with concrete and steel. This tunnel was cut through the 
solid rock walls of the canyon. In passing through this tunnel, which 
has a fall of two hundred and twenty-six feet, the water operates three 
vertical turbines making five hundred revolutions per minute. Here 
is generated the power that built the dam, and that is now lighting the 
City of Phoenix, seventy-five miles away, also the power used for 
street railways and commercial purposes at Phoenix, Mesa, Tempe 
and other Salt R : ver Valley towns. 



104 



W H S WHO 




IN ARIZONA 



The journey of the water from the Roosevelt Dam to its final distri- 
bution on the land is a story of utility. The stream passes from one 
power canal to another. Some of these power canals and tunnels are 
yet to be developed, but all are included in the project, which is now 
fast receiving the finishing touches. Seven miles from Roosevelt Dam 
the water will save 7,000 feet of travel, and at the same time develop 
3,500 horse power. It returns to the old river bed, and is uninter- 
rupted for about twenty miles, when it is directed through another 
tunnel 3,500 feet long, where it develops 2,500 horse power before 
re-entering the river below. Almost at once it is again taken up and 
carried along the rock hill edges for several miles and then dropped a 
sheer 100 feet through another set of wheels, w T hich will develop 5,000 
horse power, and then follows the river bed until it reaches Granite 
Reef Dam, where it is diverted by a great weir, 1,100 feet long and 
38 feet high, to the main irrigating canals on the north and south 
banks of the river. 

In the main canals more power will be developed. On the south 
side of the river, two miles from the head of the canal, one-half of the 
water is turned into the Consolidated canal, with a drop of thirty feet, 
developing about 2,000 horse power in the fall. On the north side of 
the main canal, the Arizona, flows without interruption fifteen to 
twenty miles, to a point at which about one-half the supply will be 
diverted through a new cross-cut canal. The canal carries the water 
about four miles along the base of the rocky points to a place where 
there will be a drop of 126 feet, the water in the fall developing 3,000 
to 5,000 horse power, according to the season. The other half of the 
water of the Arizona canal, when it reaches the Arizona falls, a mile 
or two aw T ay from the diverting point, will develop about 700 horse 
power. On the south side of the river there is a possibility of develop- 
ing another 700 horse power. The power generated will be sold at 
reasonable rates to the ranchers in the valley. 

It will be readily seen that with the great power possibilities of the 
project, there is in store for the farmer under this system of reclama- 
tion a large revenue, which will surely in time not only cover all 
charges for maintenance of the system, but in addition will pay him a 
handsome return each year for the money he has invested in his land] 
The entire scheme is inseparably associated with the ownership of the 
lands, and all the 240,000 acres of land included in the Salt River 
Project have a share in the concern, each acre a share and each share 
an acre. The government has expended about $9,000,000 on the 
project to date, and of this amount about $3,500,000 has been ex- 
pended on the building of the Roosevelt Dam. 

Nature has been very kind in planning a field for this project. The 
land to be watered is almost perfectly level, making irrigation easy. 
The course of the water from the storage dam to the level land is 
through canyons and rocky gorges, allowing no waste. The great 



106 



\V H O S W H O 



basin that is created by the dam is in among rounded, gently sloping 
hills, and is of immense area. 

The interior of Arizona is covered with high mountain ranges. 
These mountains are mostly covered with timber. The snow that 
falls in the winter months in these high places is a source of a great 
water supply that feeds the two streams held in check by the Roosevelt 
Dam. These two streams, the Tonto Creek and the Salt River, flow- 
ing the year round, are the mother streams of all the water carriers in 
this great drainage basin. In this basin are giant trees and many won- 
derful nature works, natural bridges and beautiful cliffs and mountain 
peaks. The altitude varies from 1,950 feet to 11,500 feet above sea 
level. 

The reservoir lies like a great bird with outstretched wings, cover- 
ing the splendid basin created by nature, the wing to the north extend- 
ing over the spreading w r aters of the Tonto Creek, the one to the south 
covering the stored waters of the Salt River, while the head of the 
bird is pointed to the wall which forms the reservoir, and is built in 
the neck of the narrow canyon to the w r est. 



THE PETRIFIED FORESTS OF ARIZONA. 
(By W. H. Clark, Commissioner of Immigration, Navajo County.) 

THE PETRIFIED FORESTS OF ARIZONA, sometimes called Fossil 
Forests, are located in Apache and Navajo Counties, in the north- 
eastern part of the State. 

For nearly twenty years continual efforts were made to have the 
Petrified Forests National Park created, and on one or two occasions 
the Territorial Legislature sent memorials to Congress, the only re- 
sult of which was an order withdrawing the lands from entry. Later 
several special agents were sent out to examine the deposits and re- 
port, but nothing resulted from these investigations. Finally Mr. 
S. J. Holsinger was sent out by the Department, and in company 
with the writer, spent several days in the forests, during which the 
different deposits or forests were named in order to distinguish them 
for literary and other purposes, the first being given the name of 
Eagle Rock, the second Crystal Forest, the third Jim Camp Forest, 
and the last Rainbow Forest. Although these agents reported favor- 
ably concerning the Park, and the bill to create it passed the house on 
two occasions, it could never be got out of the Senate Committee on 
Public Lands. The writer communicated with Senator Hans- 
borough, then Chairman of the Committee, and was notified that the 
Committee would meet on certain dates, but not seeing the way clear 
to meet the expenses incident to a trip to Washington, he realized 



IN ARIZONA 



107 



that his efforts in this regard would be unavailing. Later on, taking 
the matter up with Congressman Lacey of Iowa and Senator Lodge 
of Massachusetts, he learned that the bill was being held up in 
the Committee by an attorney named Parker and a Senator named 
Bern-, from Arkansas. After some serious thinking on the subject, he 
resumed his efforts, when it transpired that the word "forest" appear- 
ing in the bill, certain interests w T ere determined to obtain timber 
lands for those they were to relinquish to the government within 
the limits selected for the Park. This meant about 30,000 acres of 
timber land for the Company, owning, as it did, each alternate section 
within the prescribed area. 

It was not long after this, some time in June, 1906, that an inno- 
cent looking bill was passed by both Senate and House for the Pres- 
ervation of American Antiquities, and on December 8, 1906, Presi- 
dent Roosevelt issued a proclamation creating the Petrified Forest 
National Monument, under the above act, about 60,000 acres in 
area. On July 31, 1911, President Taft issued a second proclama- 
tion reducing the size of the Monument to about forty square miles, 
in which, however, he made the same error that had been made by 
President Roosevelt, both having used the following wording: ' do 
hereby set aside and reserve as the Petrified Forest National Monu- 
ment, subject to any valid existing rights, the deposits of mineralized 
forest remains, together with enough lands to insure the protection 
thereof, situated in Gila and Apache Counties, Arizona." The 
lands are then described by section, township and range. The error 
lies in the fact that none of the land is located in Gila County, and 
the proclamations should read Apache and Navajo Counties. The 
government has made no provision for guarding or protecting the 
forest and there are no roads except those made by the general public. 

Holbrook and Adamana are the only two stations on the Santa Fe 
from which tourists can make the trip to the Forests. The latter is 
advertised extensively by the Santa Fe Railroad and recommended 
as the point from which to visit the Forest on account of the distance, 
as it is within six or eight miles of Eagle Rock, and if there remain 
three hours of daylight when trains reach Adamana, visitors may be 
shown Eagle Rock Forest and the Natural Bridge, which, together 
with the scattered sections of trees in the vicinity, afford some idea 
of what the forest is like, but really only a hint of what may be 
seen by visiting the Jim Camp and Rainbow Forests, the largest and 
most interesting of all, in which the deposits and freak interests are 
wonderful and almost beyond description. The Sphinx Head, Bal- 
ance Log and Broken Bow must really be seen to be appreciated. 
These two Forests w r ill soon be on the Transcontinental Highway, 
which will cross from Flagstaff, through Canyon Diablo, via the 
Painted Desert to Winslow, Clear Creek, Chevelon, Aztec Valley, 



108 



\V II S W H 



Holbrook, through Mirage Valley and the Petrified Forest to Apache 
County. The highways through Navajo and Apache Counties are 
fast being put in shape for transcontinental traffic, and a more 
scenic route will never be found. 

One point of considerable interest is the abundance of petrified 
coniferous trees, which lie scattered about like a vast body of drift- 
wood along the banks of rivers after flood time. It is claimed by 
some that the trees grew in the locality where now found, and by 
others that they were floated in in early days during volcanic and 
flood periods, and that the various colors were caused by heat, water, 
the minerals of the soil and the different classes and kinds of wood, 
the softer woods being more thoroughly penetrated by the minerals 
and water deeper than the hard. Professor Ward, of the Geological 
Survey, states that there is no other petrified forest in which the wood 
assumes such varied and interesting forms and colors, and it is these 
that present the chief attraction to the general public. The state of 
mineralization in which most of this wood exists almost places it 
among the gems and precious stones. Not only are the chalcedony, 
opals, and agates found among them, but many approach the condi- 
tion of jasper and onyx. The degree of hardness attained by them is 
such that one may take a piece of the wood and readily cut his name 
in glass. 

There are also a number of ancient Aztec Ruins within the Na- 
tional Monument and in some instances, according to Dr. Walter 
Hough, of Smithsonian Institute, the material used by the ancients 
in those buildings was petrified wood. The villages were small, con- 
sisting sometimes of but a few houses, but a peculiar interest attaches 
to them from the fact that they were built of logs of beautiful wood. 
The prehistoric dwellers of the land selected pieces of uniform size, 
which was seemingly determined by the carrying strength of the man, 
and it is probable that builders never chose more beautiful material 
for the construction of their habitations. 

In a recent publication Dr. Merrill says: 'The chemistry of the 
process of petrification or silification is not quite clear. Silica is ordi- 
narily looked upon as one of the most insoluble of substances. It is 
nevertheless readily soluble in alkaline solutions i. e. : solutions con- 
taining soda or potash. It is probable that the solutions permeating 
these buried logs were thus alkaline, and as the logs gradually de- 
cayed their organic matter was replaced, molecule by molecule, by 
silica. The wood has, therefore, not "turned to stone," but has sim- 
ply been replaced by mineral matter, mainly silica. The brilliant red 
and other colors are due to the small amount of iron and manganese 
deposited together with the silica, and superoxidized as the trunks 
are exposed to the air. The most brilliant colors are, therefore, 
found on the surface, and the smaller fragments are more likely to 
be colored throughout than the larger. 



IN ARIZONA 109 



Mining Department 



110 



WHO S WHO 




Dr. James Douglas 



IN ARIZONA 



111 



Arizona's Greatest Industry 

THE following extract from an editorial in "The Bisbee Daily 
Review," issue of March 30th, by George H. Kelly, editor, is a concise 
summing up of the condition of the mining industry of Arizona, and 
since prosperity depends, in a great degree, on this industry, this is an 
indication of general conditions throughout the state. 

"In the mining industry of Arizona we find the greatest recent ex- 
pansion and prosperity and this satisfactory condition is confined to no 
one district or section of the state, but is in evidence all the way from 
Jerome to Bisbee, and from Kingman to Clifton. The good price 
maintained for copper during the past year has caused unusual activity 
by those engaged in the production of the red metal and all the pro- 
ducers have been engaged in providing new r plants and adding to old 
ones, thus indicating a purpose of increasing their output and reducing 
the cost of production. A few r years ago the average cost of copper 
production in Arizona was about 12 cents per pound ; this average has 
now been lowered to less than nine cents with the minimum main- 
tained by several of the largest producers at about seven cents, so even 
the low price of copper eighteen months ago was not alarming and the 
present price of 15 cents is highly gratifying. 

'The copper mining companies in Arizona now have in course of 
construction work which, when completed, will cost fifteen million 
dollars and provide not only largely increased facilities but greater 
economy in the operation of mines and reduction plants. At Jerome 
the United Verde is building an entirely new smelting plant at a cost 
of $3,500,000; in the Globe district the Inspiration Consolidated 
Company is building a mammoth concentrator which with the money 
expended in installation of mining facilities, development of water, 
etc., will cost $7,000,000; at Clifton the Arizona Copper Company 
is spending $2,500,000 for a new smelting plant which is due for 
completion during the coming summer. At Douglas the new two mil- 
lion dollar smelter being constructed by the Calumet & Arizona is 
nearing completion, while the Copper Queen last year completed a 
reverberatory furnace and McDougal roasting plant at an approxi- 
mate cost of $750,000 and this year has started another unit of this 
plant. 

"The mining industry is today, as it has ever been since it was in- 
augurated, the bone, sinew and marrow of the industrial prosperity of 
Arizona. It is in the hands of competent men who are a guarantee of 
its continued growth and prosperity. 

"Arizona is in the heyday of its prosperity, and its people have 
every reason to be happy and contented." 



112 



WHO S WHO 




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IN ARIZONA 113 



The Copper Queen 

THE COPPER QUEEN CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY'S mines, 
situated at Bisbee in The Warren District, are among the greatest 
copper mines of the world, and the largest producer of the four great 
mines controlled and operated by Phelps, Dodge & Co. Their other 
holdings are: The Detroit Copper Mining Company of Arizona, at 
Morenci ; The Old Dominion Copper Mining Company, at Globe, 
and The Moctezuma Copper Company, at Nacozari, Mexico. The 
Copper Queen has been producing for thirty years, during twenty 
of which it was the only producer in the Warren Mining District. 
This District is named after George Warren, who discovered and 
disclosed the fact that great bodies of ore existed in the Mule Moun- 
tains. The original workers of the property upon which the Warren 
District is founded were named Martin, Ballard and Riley, who 
built a small smelter where the old depot stood, and this, from the 
day it was blown in, showed the rich deposits that were to be found 
in those hills. 

Dr. James Douglas, now President of Phelps, Dodge & Co., had 
purchased a few mining claims on the mountain side above this point, 
and there sunk a shaft. At a depth of a few hundred feet ore was 
discovered, and having compromised a suit with the old Copper 
Queen Company, the companies were reorganized and consolidated, 
and the foundation laid for the greatest mining district in the south- 
west. Like many other rich and successful mines, the Copper 
Queen has known periods of depression, and it is stated upon author- 
ity that at one time the present owners, having spent $80,000 without 
permanent results, were deeply discouraged and in much doubt as to 
the advisability of proceeding with the development. Luckily, how- 
ever, for Bisbee and the whole district, another $15,000 was appro- 
priated, which, invested in a sort of forlorn hope, enabled the faith- 
ful band of workers to discover the real copper deposits. These 
mines are now the main source of wealth of the entire county, and 
upon them all the other industries depend, either directly or indi- 
rectly. 

The Copper Queen now has over 100 miles of underground work- 
ings in its extensive property. The deepest shaft in its mines is only 
about 1,800 feet, and no development work has been done below 
1,600 feet. The bottom of the limestone foundation, in which the 
ores occur, has never been found in Copper Queen ground, and 
there is no reason to feel that the ores grow leaner with depth. At 
one point very rich oxides and carbonates are being mined at a depth 
of 1,600 feet, the deepest workings, while at another heavy iron sul- 
phides are found within four or five hundred feet of the surface. 



114 



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IN ARIZONA 



115 



The Copper Queen mine was opened in 1880 on a solid outcrop of 
oxidized copper, iron and manganese, opposite the Copper Queen 
hotel in Bisbee. The original ore body, since removed, leaving a large 
artificial cave, gave an average return of 23 per cent copper, but was 
exhausted in three or four years, and the mine experienced many vic- 
issitudes until additional and far larger ore bodies were developed. 
Extensive bodies of high grade ore have been found within the last 
ten years, and development proves them to be of great depth. In 
fact, new bodies are being developed yearly, and the ultimate lateral 
limits of payable ore are unknown. 

The mines show numerous beautiful caves lined with calcite crys- 
tals and stalactites, some of which are of considerable size and found 
in close association with good ore bodies. Rich oxidized ores are 
found on the lowest level, and masses of native metal ranging up to 
several tons in weight have been found at considerable depth. 

The mine is opened ahead for several years, but not so extensively 
as formerly, the ore bodies being so soft that it is difficult to secure the 
openings and it is frequently necessary to bulkhead the same in order 
to keep them intact. Many of the stopes are bulkheaded throughout, 
and the mine is timbered with square sets of 8x8 timber, an average 
of twenty feet of timber, board measure, being required for each ton 
of ore taken out. The ore is hand sorted under ground after break- 
ing, and culls are used for filling in worked out stopes, this material 
standing remarkably well. Notwithstanding the numerous disad- 
vantages originally encountered, the Copper Queen is one of the 
safest of mines for underground workmen, because of experienced, 
capable and careful management. Although as a whole the mine is 
not especially wet, the district being drained largely by the Superior 
and Pittsburgh, yet it is supplied with electric pumps. 

In 1908 the entire system of operation was radically changed. 
Formerly each of the principal shafts was operated as a separate 
mine, but the five old shafts are now used for men, waste, timber and 
supplies, all ore extraction being done through the Sacramento shaft. 
The underground haulage plant installed in that year consists of 17 
miles of track on every second level, from the fourth to the sixteenth, 
inclusive, ore from the intermediate levels being dropped through 
chutes and all of it hauled to the Sacramento shaft for hoisting. In 
order to complete this traction system it was necessary to open many 
new drifts and crosscuts, which are located in solid ground, wherever 
possible, as these electric tram lines are the arteries of the mine. The 
hauling system includes electric locomotives and side dumping ore 
cars. This innovation has resulted in marked economy in operating 
expenses. 

The ore mined at Bisbee is shipped to Douglas, 28 miles distant, 
for treatment. There is located the Copper Queen Smelter, the most 
modern in the world, which is a central smelter for the mines of 



116 



WHO S WHO 




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IN ARIZONA 117 

Phelps, Dodge & Co. in Arizona and Mexico. These properties 
produce a great variety of copper ores, including practically every 
grade found in the American southwest and northern Mexico, and 
it is possible by means of this central reduction plant to take advan- 
tage of the varied nature of the ores in mixing furnace charges. The 
plant does also considerable custom smelting of gold, silver and copper 
ores. The buildings consist of smelter building, power house, boiler 
house, machine shops and foundry. The works occupy a site of about 
three hundred acres, and are served by a complete Y-track railroad 
system of standard gauge, consisting of 15 miles of track and reaching 
to every building and department of the plant. Construction of this 
was begun in 1901 and the first stack was blown in in March, 1904, 
since which time there has been almost constant enlargement, and the 
works are second in size in the country, having a daily capacity of 
about 4,000 tons. The Company has also a large precipitation plant 
and is recovering considerable copper from its mine water. 

Water is secured from artesian wells about 400 feet deep, in which 
the water rises nearly to the surface. A large reservoir and cooling 
tower have been built in connection with the water supply. 

The power house, built of steel and brick, provides power for all 
departments and transmits electric energy 72 miles to the El Tigre 
mine in northern Mexico. The power plant has about twenty units 
of various sizes and types, aggregating more than 6,000 horse power. 
Buildings at the Douglas works include an office and warehouse 
and a number of dwellings for employes. 

The relations between the Copper Queen Company and its em- 
ployes have been exceedingly cordial for years. Efforts have been 
made at different times to unionize the Bisbee miners, but in a ref- 
erendum vote taken in 1906, in which the polling was conducted on 
the Australian system, and no bosses or other salaried men allowed 
to vote, the result was five to one against forming a union. 

The management of the Company is superior throughout, and 
keeps thoroughly abreast of the times, and it is a fact universally 
know r n that this Company enjoys the distinction of being a corpora- 
tion with a full and whole soul for those in its employ. In every 
possible way is this evidenced in the cities of Bisbee and Douglas. 

With the liberality for which the Copper Queen Company has 
been noted, they have erected buildings and established free libraries 
at both Bisbee and Douglas. The Bisbee library is one of the best 
and most complete in the country, and occupies two floors, one of 
which is a free reading room, where may be found all works of 
reference and the latest magazines and newspapers. The other con- 
tains the library proper, consisting of 10,000 volumes on every known 
subject, ranging from science to the latest fiction. The service of 
the library is absolutely free and the librarians in charge most cour- 
teous and helpful. 



118 WHO'S WHO 

The Douglas Library is conducted on practically the same prin- 
ciples, having also a reading room and library proper, but is not quite 
so extensive as that of Bisbee. Here, too, the public is accorded the 
utmost courtesy. 

An Employes' Benefit Association is another one of the excellent 
features instituted by this Company. In this Association membership 
is entirely voluntary and open to any employe, regardless of occupa- 
tion. The finances are administered by a joint board composed of 
officers and employes, the Company subscribing $15,000 annually it- 
half the employes join, and $25,000 if three-fourths join, while em- 
ployes contribute 2 per cent of their monthly wages in return for in- 
dustrial and life insurance. Beneficiaries receive half wages if sick or 
injured, and one year's wages is received by heirs in case of death from 
sickness, and two years' wages in case of death through accident. 

The Medical Department has an able staff of physicians and sur- 
geons at both Bisbee and Douglas, w r hich is maintained partially 
through monthly contributions from employes, the balance being con- 
tributed by the Company. There is also a large hospital, provided 
with all the modern conveniences known to medical science, and or 
which Dr. F. E. Shine is the chief surgeon. 

The Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company was organized 
in 1885 under the laws of the State of New York, w r ith a capitaliza- 
tion of $2,000,000, shares par value $10.00. It is controlled through 
practically the entire stock ownership by Phelps, Dodge & Co., is 
really a close corporation, and has only about fifteen shareholders. 

The office of the company is at No. 99 John street, New York; 
the mine office at Bisbee, Arizona, and the general and works office 
at Douglas, Arizona. The officers are as follows : Dr. James Doug- 
las, President ; Arthur Curtiss James, Vice President ; George Not- 
man, Secretary and Treasurer; Stuart W. French, General Manager; 
Grant H. Dowell, Assistant General Manager; Gerald Sherman, 
General Mine Superintendent; Joseph Park Hodgson, Superintend- 
ent; Forest Rutherford, Superintendent of Reduction Works; Ellin- 
wood & Ross, Attorneys ; Dr. F. E. Shine, Medical Superintendent. 

The force employed by the Company consists of more than 4,000 
men, of whom approximately 2,500 are at the mines, and the re- 
mainder at the smelters. In addition to its numerous claims in the 
Warren District, it owns various properties in other sections. 

One of the points early recognized by this Company was that in 
order to achieve the best results it would be necessary to have the 
man best suited to the requirements in every capacity, and they have, 
therefore, gathered together in their employ the brightest and brain- 
iest men obtainable in their several lines, each and every one of whom 
is working heart and soul for the best interests of the Copper Queen 
Company. 



IN ARIZONA 119 



Detroit Copper Company 

THE DETROIT COPPER MINING COMPANY OF ARIZONA is con- 
trolled through ownership of entire issue of stock by Phelps, Dodge 
& Co., Inc. The mine is at Morenci, Graham County, where is also 
the mine and works office, while the company's office is at No. 99 John 
Street, New York. The mine, opened about 1880, was first worked 
opencast, but is now developed by tunnels and shafts. The caving 
system, giving about 40% reduction in mining costs, was adopted in 
1909, where feasible, and the square-set slicing system is used in other 
portions. Gas power is employed for practically all machinery except 
hoists and locomotives. There is a complete electric lighting plant. 
A pumping station six miles distant raises water from wells on the 
San Francisco River to a height of 600 feet, whence it is fed by 
gravity to the mill. A 36" gauge railway connects the mines and 
smelters with the Arizona & New Mexico railroad at Guthrie, and a 
tunnel through Longfellow Hill, completed 1909, gives direct rail 
connection with the mill. The smelter has one 42x264" and four 
54x144" blast furnaces, and a converter department. Flue dust is 
briquetted for resmelting. The smelter has 2,000-ton ore bins, sur- 
mounted by a steel railroad trestle. The property of this company is 
managed with great skill in all departments, and is an exceptionally 
fine example of a successful low-grade mine. They employ about 
1,000 men. The officers are: President, Dr. James Douglas; Vice 
President, Cleveland H. Dodge; Secretary and Treasurer, George H. 
Notman ; General Superintendent, Alexander T. Thompson ; Mine 
Superintendent, M. H. McLean ; Mill Superintendent, G. E. Hunt. 
The company conducts a large department store and an excellent 
hotel, and maintains a library, gymnasium and clubroom for employes. 



120 



WHO S WHO 





Miners and Smeltermen at O. D. Mine, Globe, in the Early '80's 



I N A R I Z O N A 



The Globe-Miami District 

THE GLOBE-MIAMI DISTRICT, Gila County, is now producing 
annually about 60,000,000 pounds of copper, most of which is ob- 
tained from two mines, the Old Dominion at Globe and the Miami 
near the town of Miami, and when the improvements now in progress 
at these mines shall be completed and the Inspiration Consolidated 
placed on a full producing basis, it is anticipated that one-tenth of the 
copper supply of the United States will be produced in this district. 
For more than twenty years the Old Dominion mine was the most 
important deposit of copper ore known in the district, but in 1907 
the Miami ore body was discovered in a belt of mineralized schist, 
five miles west of Globe, and the next five years was a period of won- 
derful development for this section ; a new mining district was 
created, and on the site of the town of Miami with a population of 
2,000 and rapidly growing, there were less than a dozen houses three 
years ago. The population of the Miami district is close to five 
thousand; and that of Globe, according to the census of 1910, about 
7,000, while in 1902 it was but 1,500. Here has been discovered a 
single ore deposit over two miles long and having a maximum width 
of 1,500 feet, which contains also several breaks and barren patches, 
and on this have been developed four mines. The Globe District, 
though pre-eminently a copper producer, furnishes a small amount of 
gold and silver, most of which is in connection with the copper ores 
of the Old Dominion Mine. Both this and the Miami mine are large 
producers and paying dividends and it is expected that the Inspiration 
Consolidated, formed by a merger of the Inspiration and Live Oak 
Companies, will be producing at its full capacity within a couple of 
years. 

Old Dominion Company 

THE OLD DOMINION COMPANY, whose office is at No. 99 John 
Street, New York, while the mine office is at Globe, Arizona, was 
organized in January, 1904, under the laws of Maine, with a capi- 
talization of $8,750,000, par value of shares $25.00. This is a se- 
curities holding company organized to promote the operation of the 
Old Dominion Copper Mining & Smelting Co. and United Globe 
Mines under joint management, though the companies are operated 
as entities. The Old Dominion Mine dates from the year 1874, 
when a band of prospectors, braving the hostile Apaches, crossed the 
Final Mountains and located the claim that was afterward known as 
The Old Dominion Mine, which for some years produced a high grade 
of silver. When in the early eighties silver mining began to decline, 
attention was turned to copper, of which there were numerous surface 
indications, and in 1881 the Old Dominion Company was operating a 



122 W H O ' S W H O 

small furnace about one mile west of the present town of Miami on 
copper silicate ore from a small schist nearby. This proved unprofit- 
able, however, and the Globe mine was purchased, the smelter moved 
to Globe, and in 1884 two 30-ton furnaces were in operation. Since 
that time the mine has passed through several periods of idleness and 
re-organization, having changed hands several times, but it has been 
a steady producer since the advent of the railroad in 1898 and a divi- 
dend payer since 1907. The Old Dominion Copper Mining & Smelt- 
ing Company, its present owner, was organized in 1895 under the 
laws of the State of New Jersey, with a capitalization of $5,000,000, 
par value of shares $25.00. This company had a large debt which 
was cared for and the last of which was paid in October, 1908, by 
the holding company. An excess of water in this mine, formerly a 
sore grievance, has been converted into a source of revenue almost 
sufficient to pay for the cost of handling, the water being sold to both 
Globe and Miami for various purposes. The mine is equipped with 
pumps of about 10,000,000 gallons daily, and with electric haulage, 
tramcars having about 22' cubic capacity, and hoisting is in three- 
deck cages. The mine, mill and smelter are connected by a private 
railway equipped with a Porter locomotive and 50-ton ore cars. This 
mine was handicapped in the past by lack of sulphide ores and the 
company was- previously an extensive purchaser of these ores needed 
for fluxing the oxidized ores of both it and the United Globe Mines, 
which are treated at the smelter, but both mines have since developed 
considerable sulphide in their lower workings and the amount of cus- 
tom ore handled has been greatly reduced. The smelter has a capacity 
of 2,400 tons daily. Both mine and smelter are in better shape than 
ever before, for which much credit is due the management. 

THE UNITED GLOBE MINES, which is also under control of the 
Old Dominion Company, was organized with a capitalization of 
$2,300,000, par value of "shares $100.00. This adjoins the Old Do- 
minion mine and its output is treated at the Old Dominion smelter. 
Improvements of plants and mining equipment are continually being 
made and $500,000 has recently been appropriated to be expended on 
constructive work. One of the most notable improvements is the 
lining of the two-compartment Kingdon shaft with concrete. A 
separate flue and dust chamber has been built at the converter plant 
and a new converter stand will replace the three now in use. This 
mine is said to have more ore in sight now than at any other time in 
its history, and it is believed that it will be a producer for many years 
to come. It is essentially a vein mine, but owing to the large amount 
of water encountered and the heavy nature of the ground, it is impos- 
sible to block out ore very far in advance of mining. The office of 
the company is at 99 John Street, New York, and the mine office at 
Globe. The officials are as follows: President, James Douglas; Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, George Notman ; Superintendent, George 
Kingdon. 



IN A R I Z O N A 



123 




124 WHO'S WHO 



The Miami Mine 

THE MIAMI MIXE was actually started December 8, 1906, when 
J. Parke Channing secured from Fred Alsdorf, a mining engineer, 
and F. J. Elliott, a lawyer, an option on the claims that have devel- 
oped into the Miami. Mr. Channing was in Globe negotiating for the 
Inspiration claims, but considered the price asked excessive, and later 
meeting Mr. Alsdorf, he listened to his proposition, examined the 
ground and decided to secure an option for the General Development 
Company, a Lewishon corporation. Mr. Alsdorf was placed in charge 
of the work, and for several months results were discouraging. No. 
2 shaft was about 200 feet deep with no sign of ore, and No. 1 had 
disclosed only 70 feet of two per cent ore, so it was decided to cut a 
20-foot sump and then cross-cut into the hill. At the bottom of the 
sump the indications w r ere more encouraging and about ten feet lower 
the shaft went into chalcocite ore assaying four per cent copper. The 
shaft was continued to the 720-foot level and extended through an 
unbroken depth of 485 feet of ore. In November the Miami Copper 
Company was organized and development proceeded rapidly. By the 
end of 1910 there had been developed 18,000,000 tons of ore averag- 
ing 2.58 per cent copper and a 3,000 ton concentrator, power plant 
and pumping station had been completed. In March, 1911, the first 
unit of the concentrator was started, and within a year all six units 
were in operation. The Miami Company was organized under the 
laws of Delaware in November, 1907, with a capital of $3,000,000, 
par value of shares $5.00. The capital has since been increased to 
$4,000,000, 60,000 snares of the latest increase having been offered to 
stockholders at $18.00 each. 

There being practically no waste in this mine within the limits of 
the ore zone, some problems have been presented, the most serious 
being to devise a method by which the greatest amount of ore can be 
extracted with the least waste. The system devised for mining is 
known as the auxiliary raise and sub-level stoping method, by which 
60% of the ore will be mined in rooms and the remainder extracted 
by top-slicing and sub-level caving methods. The mill structure, 
built under the direction of Mr. H. Kenyon Burch, is of steel with 
no woodwork, except in the launders, and is on a foundation of about 
15,000 cubic yards of concrete. The water supply for the mill in- 
cludes a water-right on Final Creek and one at the lower end of the 
Miami wash, where there are three wells, each producing 500,000 
gallons daily. Water is taken from Final Creek by a 25,000' pipe-line 
of 14" diameter. In addition, the company buys from the Old Do- 
minion Copper Mining & Smelting Company 1,000,000 gallons of 
water daily. The pumping station, about two miles from the concen- 
trator, has electric pumps. The mine is served by the Gila Valley, 
Globe & Northern Railway with standard gauge, having an excellent 



IN ARIZONA 



125 






; 



126 



W H O S W H O 



average grade and light curves, so that favorable freight rates are 
given the mine and mill. No essential feature of well planned and 
thoroughly symmetrical development has been slighted and, there- 
for, the cost of putting the Miami mine on a productive basis has 
been much greater than was anticipated, a matter in which the man- 
agement deserves credit rather than censure, as every dollar above 
the original estimate that has been put into the property has given at 
least $5.00 of developed values. They have a substantial office build- 
ing erected at a cost of $15,000, and the company has built a recrea- 
tion hall provided with reading matter, pool tables and games. The 
lands of the company aggregate 1,122 acres, partly patented and the 
balance in process, of which 222 acres are mineral ground. The 
Miami is a very large and very fine mine and is in worthy and able 
hands. The offices are at No. 42 Broadway, New York, and Miami, 
Arizona. The officers are as follows : President, Adolph Lewisohn ; 
Vice President, J. Parke Channing; Treasurer, Sam A. Lewishon ; 
Secretary, Herman Cooke; General Manager, B. Britton Gottsberger; 
Mine Supt., N. O. Lawton ; Mill Supt., F. W. Solomon. 

The Inspiration Consolidated 

THE INSPIRATION CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY was formed 
early in the year 1912 by the merging of the Inspiration Mining Com- 
pany and the Live Oak Development Company, both of which had 
been in course of development for several years. The former had 
been organized under the laws of Maine in 1909 with a capitalization 
of $10,000,000, issuing 1,000,000 shares of stock at a par value of 
$10.00 a share; and the latter was organized under the law r s of Ari- 
zona with a capitalization of $500,000, issuing 50,000 shares of stock 
at a par value of $10.00 a share. Both mines are situated in the 
Globe-Miami District. 

At the time of the organization of The Inspiration Copper Com- 
pany the property consisted of twenty-five claims. The Taylor group 
of seven claims was acquired about a month later, and the Black 
Copper group of eight claims, formerly owned by the Arizona Banner 
Copper Company, about six months later after having been held under 
bond by The Inspiration Copper Mining Company for a number of 
months. The total area of mineral lands then aggregated about 500 
acres. On these various groups of claims considerable development 
work had been done before they became part of The Inspiration prop- 
erty. Part of this development was done by underground shaft, part 
by churn drilling, and by the end of the year 1911 there had been 
developed in them a total of 45,000,000 tons of ore averaging about 
two per cent copper. 

A period of vast development and construction work, which will 
involve the expenditure of about $7,000,000, in about two years, was 
begun soon after the merger of the two companies was completed. 



IN ARIZONA 



127 



This includes three development and two main working shafts and 
the opening of the first haulage level. Many miles of drifts and 
levels will also be necessary to bring the mine to the point of produc- 
tion. Plans were also drawn for a 7,500-ton concentrator, power 
plant, railroads, shops, etc., on all of which construction will proceed 
as rapidly as possible. 

The Company has valuable water rights covering the junctions 
of Final and Miami Creeks; a water supply dam is completed across 
Final Creek, and a pumping plant is being erected. 

The Live Oak property was first located by a man named Marshall 
in 1890. It was later acquired by Forrest Kaldenbery, who assigned 
it to the Live Oak Copper Mining & Smelting Company and operated 
by the latter until 1908, when it was taken over by the Hovland & 
Smith interests and The Live Oak Development Company. While it 




Inspiration Camp near Miami, Arizona 

was in control of The Live Oak Copper Mining & Smelting Com- 
pany, over $600,000 worth of ore was produced, the greater part of 
which was shipped to the Old Dominion Smelter at Globe. 

During this same period of development a tunnel 500 feet long, now 
known as the Sulphite Tunnel, was driven from the south end of the 
Copper Springs claim in the direction of the vertical shaft, the origi- 
nal purpose of which was to cut several veins of high grade sulphide 
ore which outcrops on the surface, and from its portal to its face, this 
tunnel w r as driven through altered schist sprinkled throughout with 
chalcocite ore similar to the ores of the Miami, Inspiration and Key- 
stone mines. After The Live Oak Development Company took over 
the property the vertical shaft was continued to a depth of 281 feet, 
and at the 200 foot level sulphides were encountered. 



128 WHO'S WHO IN ARIZONA 

The Inspiration Consolidated Copper Company, capitalized at $30,- 
000,000, is at present employing about 700 men, with the number 
steadily increasing, and it is estimated that the mine, when in full 
operation, will be able to produce about 7,000,000 pounds of copper a 
year. 

Mr. William B. Thompson, of the Gunn-Thompson Company, is 
president; Mr. Charles E. Mills, for some years in a similar position 
with the Detroit Copper Mining Company of Arizona, at Morenci, 
is general manager ; Dr. L. D. Ricketts is consulting engineer, and 
Mr. T. R. Drummond is superintendent. 

By means of the untiring efforts of its capable officials, it is no ex- 
aggeration to say The Inspiration Consolidated Mining Company 
will eventually be one of the largest and best paying mining projects 
in Arizona. 

The Shattuck-Arizona Copper Co. 

THE SHATTUCK-ARIZONA COPPER Co. mine lies in the northeast- 
ern portion of the Bisbee camp, and consists of eight claims patented, 
with an area of about 120 acres. Development was begun here in 
August, 1904, and shipment of ore in September, 1906. In November, 
1907, however, work was stopped for a time owing to the panic, but 
was resumed in 1908 and production has since been continuous. 
Owing to the rugged topography of the lands tunneling is imprac- 
ticable, neighboring properties holding all tunnel sites, hence develop- 
ment is by shaft. Ores are mainly oxidized, with some sulphides at 
depth. The property is equipped to produce about 1,000 tons daily. The 
Shattuck-Arizona has been the highest grade producer of any large cop- 
per mine of the world, and possibly also the lowest cost producer. For a 
time the Company pursued the policy of extracting only the highest 
grade ores, which in 1910 gave the phenomenal average return of about 
17% copper, leaving an immensely greater tonnage of ore of much 
lower average grade unstoped in the mine. Ores are shipped from this 
mine to smelters at Douglas. The buildings of the Company include 
a carpenter shop, smithy, boiler house, engine house, warehouse, saw- 
mill, and changing house with accommodation for 200 men. 

The Shattuck-Arizona Company was organized March 22, 1904, 
under the laws of Arizona, with a capitalization of $3,500,000, shares 
$10.00 par, non-assessable and fully issued. This company is closely 
connected in ownership and management with the Denn-Arizona 
Mining Co. The main office of the Company is at Duluth, Minne- 
sota, and the mine office at Bisbee, Arizona. The officers are Thomas 
Bardon, president; A. Guthrie, vice president; Archibald M. Chis- 
holm, secretary and treasurer; Lemuel G. Shattuck, managing direc- 
tor; Norman E. La Mond, assistant secretary; A. B. W. Hodges, con- 
sulting engineer; and John Olson, superintendent. The stock of the 
Company is listed on the Boston Stock Exchange. 



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130 WHO'S WHO 

The United Verde Mine 

THE UNITED VERDE MINE is situated on the north slope of one of 
the principal mountains of the Black Hills Range, about five miles 
from the Verde River. The United Verde Copper Company was or- 
ganized under the laws of New York, and re-organized in 1889 
under the laws of West Virginia with a capitalization of $3,000,000. 
It is practically a close corporation and controlled through stock 
ownership by Senator William A. Clark. Many of the stories writ- 
ten of this property, w T hich have aided in making it world famous, 
have been but a perversion of facts caused by a desire to create the 
impression that Senator Clark was receiving the greatest income of 
any man in the world through its output ; and while the property 
merits all of the renown which it has attained, the history of the 
United Verde has not been an example of blind luck, but a gradual 
development by means of a liberal expenditure of money and a liberal 
application of brains and judgment. The credit for its success is, 
therefore, due to Senator Clark, and not to the Goddess of Chance. 

The first location made in the district was the Verde Mine, which 
is now the property of the Verde Queen Copper Company. This was 
located by the famous scout, Al Seiber, in the early eighties, was held 
by him several years and then became the property of Dan Mar, a 
farmer, who later disposed of the same to the present company. In 
1883 the original United Verde Company was organized and began 
active operations at once, installing a thirty-ton copper furnace. In 
spite of the fact that coal and coke for the furnace had to be hauled 
from Ash Fork, a distance of 75 miles, tw r o dividends of $37,500 and 
$25,000 respectively, w r ere declared. The next year the majority of 
the stock was placed in escrow by the company under lease and bond 
to Senator Clark, and before the expiration of the option the bond 
was satisfied by Senator Clark, who, recognizing its value, began to 
acquire the outstanding stock as rapidly as possible. Senator Clark 
gained control of the property in 1888, since when its development 
has steadily increased, and the plant has grown from the thirty-ton 
smelter to the ponderous furnaces of today. 

A large portion of the power used in operating the United Verde 
Mine is purchased from the Arizona Power Company and transmit- 
ted a distance of 38 miles, under pressure of 40,000 volts, 3-phase, 
60-cycle, stepped down and converted in the Power Company's sub- 
station, and delivered on the Copper Company's switchboard at 2,300 
volts AC, and 250 volts DC. The switchboard is built in two sec- 
tions, and has 19 panels equipped with the necessary apparatus to 
control, not only the power and lights used in the plant, but also the 
power and lights used in the city of Jerome. 

Modern shops, equipped with necessary tools for doing all repair 
work for the mine, smelter and railroad are conveniently located. 

The smelter building is 80'x400', and contains one blast furnace 



IX ARIZONA 



131 



56'xl80' with 14' settler, and three blast furnaces 48'x240' with 16' 
settlers, all fitted with hot blast pipes. In the converter line there 
are four stands 93'xl38', barrel type shells, electrically operated. 
There is also one Knudsen furnace. 

In this building there are also two 40-ton and two 50-ton electric 
traveling cranes that traverse the full length of the building, and are 
used for handling the converter, matte, and slag ladles. All the fur- 
naces are connected to the main dust flue, which runs the full length 
of the smelter building. Near the center of this flue is located the 
main down-take leading to a large brick dust chamber, where the 
dust settles from the escaping gases. From the dust chamber the 
gases are carried to the main stack, which is built of steel, is 20 feet 
in diameter and 165 feet high. The smelter building is also fitted 
with the necessary blast pipes for the furnaces and converters, also 
water pipes and pipes for compressed air. 

The ore for the smelter upon arriving at the surface at the shaft is 
dumped directly into the main storage bins, from which it is loaded 
into the furnace feed cars and taken by electric locomotives to the 
feed floors, and dumped into the furnaces by means of air lifts. 

The water supply is piped from various springs south of Jerome, 
the farthest being 16 miles. It flows by gravity and is distributed 
along the various tanks about the plant aggregating a storage capacity 
of 435,000 gallons. The works are secured from fire by a first class 
system of water mains. Numerous hose houses are located about the 
plant, sufficiently equipped for all purposes. 

The mines, smelter and city of Jerome are connected with the main 
line of the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Railroad at Jerome Junc- 
tion by the United Verde & Pacific Railroad, which consists of 26 
miles of narrow gauge line traversing a very difficult country, and 
the scenic effects which greet the eye of the visitor as the train winds 
round the sharp curves approaching Jerome are decidedly spectacular. 
The rolling equipment of this road consists of eight mogul type, nar- 
row gauge locomotives equipped for burning fuel oil; five passenger 
cars and 144 freight cars of various kinds, including box, flat, oil, 
coal, coke, and rock cars. 

The United Verde mine is worked from vertical shafts, of which 
there are four, ranging in depth from 300 to 1,500 feet. Where the 
ore comes to the surface it is worked from open cuts. There are also 
adits which connect the main workings on the 300, 500 and 1,000 foot 
levels. There are copper precipitating flumes outside on these levels. 

The 1,000 tunnel, which is 6,593 feet long, seven and one-half feet 
high and eight feet wide, is now used for drainage and ventilation. 
It was driven for this purpose as well as for a main haulage way for 
the ores for the new smelter. 

A large area of the old workings is in the fire district, and except 
where work is being carried on in this district it is bulkheaded from 
the remainder of the mine. A portion of it is being worked from the 



I N A RI Z O N A 133 

300 and 400 levels. The ground in and about these places is badly 
broken up, and fans are used to force back the gas and sufficiently cool 
the place so that good results can be obtained. There are about 15 
miles of workings open at the present time. There are about 550 
men employed, and the tonnage is about 1,000 tons a day. 

New Smelter: In the Verde Valley, at Clarkdale, approximately 
six miles from the present smelter site, and connected with the mine 
at the 1000-foot level by the Verde Tunnel and Smelter Railroad, a 
new smelter of approximately 3,000 tons daily capacity is in course of 
erection. It is the intention to make the new smelter thoroughly 
modern in every detail. In general, the equipment at the new smelter 
will consist of: Four 48x26 ft. blast furnaces; three 19x100 ft. re- 
verberatory furnaces; five 12 ft. converters; large receiving and stor- 
age bins for ore and coke ; sampling mill, thoroughly equipped with 
the latest machinery for this class of work ; dust chambers, stacks and 
ore handling system, etc., designed according to the latest engineering 
practice. 

The shops will be equipped with modern machinery. The ware- 
house and main buildings will be steel structures, designed with a 
liberal allowance of operating space. Approximately 10,000,000 
brick and 8.000 tons of steel will be used 'n the construction of this 
plant. A modern brick plant to make the brick is in the course of 
construction. The material will be handled in and around the plant 
by a modern industrial system, including the latest design of electric 
locomotives, conveyors, trams, etc. 

The townsite of Clarkdale will be controlled by the Copper Com- 
pany. It has been laid out on strictly modern, and sanitary lines. 
The buildings have been carefully designed with due regard to cli- 
matic conditions, etc. The fire and water supply system has received 
careful attention. A 40,000 volt transmission line, connected with 
the Arizona Power Company's mains supplies the necessary power for 
construction requirements. 

The bulk of the power for operating the smelter will be supplied 
from waste heat boilers, connected to the reverberatory furnaces. 

The new smelter and townsite are connected with standard guage 
Verde Valley Railroad, running up the Verde Valley, a distance of 
40 miles, and connecting with the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Rail- 
road at Cedar Glade. This gives the new townsite and smelter a 
decided advantage in transportation facilities over the old smelter and 
Jerome narrow gauge connection. 

The business office of the United Verde Company is at No. 20 Ex- 
change Place, New York City, and the mines and works offices at 
Jerome, Arizona. The officers are : Honorable W. A. Clark, Presi- 
dent ; James A. McDonald, Vice President ; J. H. Anderson, Secre- 
tary ; H. H. St. Clair, Treasurer; Will L. Clark, Manager for 
Arizona. 



W H O ' S W H O I X A R I Z O N T A 13-5 



The Ray Consolidated 

RAY CONSOLIDATED COPPER MIXES, situated at Ray, Pinal 
County, is one of the greatest mines in the entire country in point of 
production. It employs between 1,600 and 1,700 men, and has an 
average monthly payroll of $135,000. The total area of mining lands 
owned by the Company approximates 2,000 acres at Ray, almost all 
of which is patented, and in addition to this they control under long 
lease certain surface areas adjacent to the settlement of Mexican em- 
ployes known as Sonoratown. At Hayden, where the mill and smelter 
is located, they own about 4,000 acres situated in Gila and Pinal 
Counties, and additional holdings which include the townsite of Kel- 
vin, eighteen patented millsites, in area about 87 acres, and twenty- 
one unpatented millsites, in area about 105 acres. 

The Ray Consolidated Copper Mining Company was organized 
in May, 1907, under the laws of Maine, with a capitalization of 
$6,000,000, which has been increased several times and now amounts 
to $12,000,000. The par value of shares is $10.00. A $3,000,000 
issue of 6 per cent convertible bonds was authorized July 1, 1907, but 
has been recalled by conversion into stock. They later absorbed the 
Gila Copper Company, through exchange of stock, giving one share 
for three, and through the purchase in 1911 of the real assets of 
the Gila Copper Company in process of liquidation. During the past 
year they have secured an important acquisition in the property of 
the Ray Central Mining Company, which lies in the same district. 
This group also was absorbed by means of a stock transaction, and is 
estimated to contain 600,000 tons of copper ore averaging 5 per cent. 
The Ray & Gila Valley Railroad, which is owned by this Company, 
connects the town of Ray with Kelvin and Ray Junction, and joins 
the Arizona Eastern at the latter point. During the past year the 
line has been extended to No. 2 shaft, and a permanent station estab- 
lished near that point for the convenience of the town of Ray. An- 
other branch extends from a point on the Arizona Eastern to the mill 
at Hayden, a distance of about three miles. The total trackage, in- 
cluding sidings, is about sixteen miles, the main line to the two 
branches being about ten miles. The present equipment of the line 
consists of three locomotives, one hundred twenty 60-ton steel ore 
cars, and the small amount of equipment necessary for passengers 
and commercial freight business. The road and its equipment is in 
excellent physical condition, and its operation is resulting in substan- 
tial profits. The distance between Ray and Hayden via the Ray & 
Gila Valley and Arizona Eastern is about twenty miles. The Ray 
mine has been developed by underground workings and extensive 
churn drill borings, and the Gila property has been proven by drills 
mainly, holes having been bored, checker-board fashion, in 200-foot 
squares. The mine is opened by two shafts about 4,000 feet apart, 



136 



WHO S WHO 




IN ARIZONA 



1:37 



and in addition to the two main operating shafts, there are six other 
shafts extending to the main levels for ventilation and other purposes. 
It was formerly planned to operate the property through one shaft, 
but it was felt that a single shaft would be inadequate for such a 
mammoth property. The shafts are connected by a drift on the second 
level, and by the side of each an incline shaft to be used for the 
handling of men and material, the comparatively shallow depth of 
the mine permitting this lavish use of extra shafts. In addition to 
these, since the acquisition of the Ray Central properties, a new 
shaft, known as No. 3, is being sunk to tap the ore in this group. Ore 
is hauled underground in trains of 5-ton cars drawn by 10-ton eletcric 
locomotives. There is a crushing plant at the mines, reducing the 
ore to about one-inch size before shipment to the mill. The mill, 
of 8,000 tons normal daily capacity, has eight 1,000-ton sections and 
is so designed that it can be enlarged on the unit plan. The first 
section was completed in March, 1911, but did not operate continu- 
ously until after April 1, and subsequently additional sections were 
completed until by the end of present year seven sections had been 
finished. The power plant is complete and the transmission line 
from this plant to Ray is in continuous and satisfactory commission, 
furnishing all the power used at the mines. The pumping station for 
main water supply, machine shops, warehouse and all accessories arc 
completed and in full operation. The miscellaneous buildings are all 
of steel frame on concrete foundation. Office buildings and quarters 
for offices and employes have also been provided. The power plant 
at the millsite is 10,000 horse-power and supplies electric current for 
the operation of the entire property, except locomotives. The plant 
has water tube boilers with four 2,500 horse-power Allis-Chalmers 
triple expansion engines, direct connected to four 1,750 kilowatt 
electric generators. The smelter, which adjoins the mill, has a ca- 
pacity of 1,600 tons and a converter department. The company has 
erected family houses of the highest type. Each family has a com- 
fortable cottage of three rooms, this style having been chosen by the 
company instead of the usual community quarters, so that each family 
has its own home. Shower baths, electric lights and modern plumb- 
ing throughout are features of these cottages, \vhich are far superior 
to those usually found in isolated mining camps. Single men are 
quartered two in a cottage, and these cottages, like the other build- 
ings of the company, are modern in every respect and have all con- 
veniences. This, however is not the most agreeable part. The price 
has been reduced to cost and the rooming accommodations, which 
furnish all the comforts of a home, cost the men less than ten cents a 
day. The company has built a well appointed club house, where the 
men have a number of forms of amusement, a shower bath, plunge 
and other accessories of a place of this kind. There is also a new 
hospital, with accommodations for twenty beds, well built and well 



i: 1 . 1 - \v ii o s \v H o 

furnished throughout, not only with all modern surgical instruments, 
including an X-Ray apparatus, hut one of tin- finest operating rooms 
outside a large city. 

It has heen said that the Ray Consolidated management treats its 
men as though they were a part of the family, and after a visit to the 
camp one can not hut think that this family and all the members 
thereof are most fortunate. 

The office of the Company is No. 1 1 1 Broadway, New York; mine 
office at Ray, and mill office at Harden, Arizona. The officers 
are Sherwood Aldrich, President; Colonel D. C. Jackling, Vice Presi- 
dent and General Manager; Eugene P. Shove, Secretary and Treas- 
urer; Louis S. Gates, Manager; W. S. Boyd, Superintendent of 
Mines; J. Q. MacDonald, Superintendent of Mills; A. J. Maclean, 
Cashier; Joe H. Browne, Supply Agent. The management, practic- 
ally the same as that of the Utah Copper Company, is thoroughly ex- 
perienced, strong and capable. 



Arizona Copper Company 

ARIZONA COPPER COMPANY, LTD., whose lands consist of about 
4,000 acres containing eight producing mines in Greenlee County, 
was organized in August, 1884, under the laws of Great Britain, with 
a capitalization of 755,000. About 20 per cent of this stock is is- 
sued in the United States. The mines, except the Coronado, are de- 
veloped to a depth of 500 feet only, being opened mainly by tunnels, 
thereby affording cheap extraction. Notwithstanding the compara- 
tively shallow zone of development, a tremendous amount of ore is in 
sight. Considerable diamond drilling has been done. The Humboldt 
mine, which is the principal producer, shows a large body of low- 
grade disseminated chalcocite. Extraction from this property is 
partly opencast, but mainly through tunnels equipped with electric 
lights and electric traction. The haulage system uses the overhead 
trolley. Electric locomotives of 12 horse-power haul 80-ton loads, 
the line having a single track running 8,600 feet directly through the 
mountain, with a loop reaching all workings of the Humboldt mine, 
the tunnel running through International Hill direct to the new con- 
centrator. The Longfellow mine, belonging to this Company, is the 
oldest important copper mine in Arizona, dating from about 1877. A 
1300-foot tunnel driven from Chase Creek connects with a 600-foot 
blind shaft, obviating about three miles of railroad haulage over bad 
grades. The Longfellow Extension mine has developed into a good 
property. 

The Coronado Group, about nine miles from Clifton, has three 
shafts, the deepest of which is 1,100 feet, and shows considerable 
high grade ore. Ore is taken from the different mines by six gravity 
tramlines to storage bins on the Coronado railroad, from which it is 



IN ARIZONA 



139 



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140 \V H S \V H O 

hauled to the reduction plant at Clifton. This railroad is of 36-inch 
gauge from Clifton to Metcalf, a distance of seven miles, and has 
30-ton ore cars. 

The mines and works use about 3,000 horse-power, supplied in 
about equal portions from steam, gas and distillate engines. The gas- 
engine plant is exceptionally complete. It has been planned to de- 
velop hydro-electric power and transmit same from a dam about 50 
miles distant. The somewhat scattered works at Clifton, Morenci, 
Longfellow and Metcalf were remodeled and enlarged several times, 
and the reduction plants now include six concentrators, a smelter, 
lixiviation plant and acid plant. 

No. 6 Concentrator has a daily capacity of 1 ,500 tons, and has 
two 600-ton crushers and a 250 horse-power Nordberg engine, direct 
connected to a 125 horse-power dynamo, steam being furnished by 
three 400 horse-power Stirling water-tube boilers. No. 6 Mill has 
a large settling basin. The Company has had trouble over tailings 
and has found it necessary to use its best endeavors to keep its tailings 
from entering the river. There is a tank about a mile above the town, 
with an 18-inch wooden pipe line to supply clear water at flood times, 
and in dry seasons, the tank being fed by seepage and spring water. 

The smelter is of steel frame with slate roof and floor of iron 
plates laid in cement. There are six 300-ton water-jacket blast fur- 
naces, each 39x240 feet at the tuyeres, with blast supplied by Nos. 
7, 9 and 10 Connersville blowers, operated by a 275 horse-power 
engine. Gases from the blast furnaces pass through a 480-foot tunnel 
and 300-foot stack. Matte of 50 to 55 per cent copper tenor is 
charged into the converters by a 10-ton ladle handled by a 30-ton 
electric crane. The converter plant has three stands and six 7-ton 
shells, with a daily capacity of 50 tons of 99.5% blister copper. Disin- 
tegration of slag by running water was tried, but has been discon- 
tinued, and molten slag is again handled by a steam locomotive. A 
complete new smelter is now under construction. 

The 25-ton briquetting plant uses coal-breeze as a binder, under a 
pressure of 2,000 pounds per square inch. The plant is entirely 
automatic, fines going in at one end and briquettes being loaded on 
cars at the other. 

The acid plant makes about 3,000 tons of sulphuric acid yearly 
from the fumes of the roasters, the entire product being used in the 
leaching plant, which treats an average of 250 tons of low grade oxi- 
dized ore daily. This is perhaps the most successful leaching plant in 
the United States. 

Miscellaneous enterprises include a well-equipped foundry, machine 
shop, saw mill, planing mill, and 20-ton ice plant, all built of brick. 
The Company also has excellent general merchandise stores at Clifton, 
Longfellow and Metcalf, while a splendid library is maintained for 
employes. The number of employes at the present time is over 2,700. 



IN ARIZONA 



141 



The office of the Company is at 29 St. Andrew Square, Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and the mine and works office at Clifton, Arizona. The 
officers are as follows: John Wilson, Chairman ; P. Dickson, J. P. G. 
Readman, J. Wilson, Y. J. Pentland, Alex McNab, J. P., and Lord 
Salveson, Directors ; Norman Carmichael, General Manager ; William 
Exley Miller, Secretary; George Fraser, Smelter Superintendent; 
Archibald Morrison, Mill Superintendent at Clifton; J. G. Cooper, 
Purchasing Agent. The Company is entitled to much credit for its 
conservatism and the thoroughly successful working of its plant. 



The Shannon Copper Co. 

THE SHANNON COPPER COMPANY was organized November 13, 
1899, under the laws of Delaware, for the purpose of purchasing the 
Hughes and Shannon mine, which had been for years considered the 
equal of any copper mine in Arizona. It had been owned for twenty 
years by Charles M. Shannon, the well known pioneer of the district, 
who had been unable to interest capital to develop the property so as 
to bring it to a producing stage, until he attracted the attention of 
Mr. W. B. Thompson, of Boston. Mr. Thompson, however, would 
not undertake to handle the property unless it w y as sold outright, 
which Air. Shannon agreed to do with the understanding that he be 
allowed to retain an interest in the company as stockholder. The 
company was capitalized at $3,000,000, par value of shares $10; and 
in July, 1909, this amount was increased to $3,300,000, of which 
$300,000 was held in the treasury for conversion of an issue of $600,- 
000 6% bonds which had been authorized in May, 1909, by the 
Shannon-Arizona Railway Company, and were convertible into Shan- 
non stock at $20.00. The company also had a direct issue of 7% 
bonds originally $600,000 with a $60,000 annual sinking fund for 
redemption, by means of which the bond issue was reduced. The 
new company immediately began the systematic development of the 
property, and shortly afterward purchased some adjoining claims 
from the Arizona Copper Company, the pioneer mining company of 
the district. This gave them not only very valuable mines, but also 
control of ground which was necessary in the extensive work which 
had been mapped out. Their lands now consist of about 50 claims, in 
area about 400 acres, at Metcalf, in the Greenlee district, with a 
millsite of about 100 acres area, and some limestone claims on the 
Frisco River. The mine is developed by shafts, tunnels and open 
pits, underground workings reaching a depth of about 1,300 feet be- 
low the crest of the mountain. The mine is timbered with 12x\2" 
square sets. Extraction is by two double track tunnels, one of which 
is 7x8' in size and connects with a 1,400' double-track incline tram 
leading to the Coronado Railway, with six ore-bins at either end, the 
tramway, inclined at 36 deg., having 10-ton cars operating in counter- 



142 \V H ' S \V H 

balance with a retarding engine at the upper end, the steel cable pass- 
ing around a 13' double drum, which runs a small air-compressor 
that generates power while serving as an auxiliary brake. The Shan- 
non Company controls the Coronado Mining Co., through ownership 
of ^ 1 ' , of the stock issue, and operates under lease, the property of 
the Leonard Copper Company, owning the Copper Belle mine at 
Gleeson. They also own and operate the Shannon-Arizona Railway, 
which is capitalized at $600, 000. This standard-gauge line of about 
ten miles length, was built and equipped at a cost of about $600,000, 
the territory traversed being very rugged and a 900-foot tunnel having 
been necessary. It was completed in 1910, and has not only proven a 
saving to the company of considerable money on ore haulage, but 
gives immunity from the serious interferences formerly caused by 
annual floods. 

The 1,000-ton smelter at Clifton, seven miles from the mines, had 
two 350-ton water-jacket blast-furnaces, which were thrown into one 
large furnace by a new section between, built on the plan first used 
at the Washoe works, making a single blast-furnace of 1,000 tons 
daily capacity. The briquetting plant for flue dust and fines has a 
daily capacity of 60 tons, and there is a small sampling mill in con- 
nection. The 500-ton concentrator, on the San Francisco River, eight 
miles from the mine, has ore bins 100' long, in two sections, for first 
and second grade ores, and treats daily about 400 tons of ore.. Tail- 
ings have carried as high as \.2 f / ( copper, due to the highly oxidized 
condition of ores, but have been stored and may be leached later. 
Formerly there was much trouble from acid waters eating the iron 
screens, while brass or copper screens in the jigs were worn out too 
rapidly by abrasion. This trouble was overcome by a simple but in- 
genious application of the principle of electrolysis, a low-voltage elec- 
tric current being applied to the jigs, by which the screen became a 
cathode in the circuit, this attracting hydrogen from the water, which 
in turn, attracts the metallic salts, and the copper freed is deposited 
on that portion of the screens formerly eaten away. Water is pumped 
from wells near the San Francisco River by an electric triplex pump. 
The amount of ore smelted has shown an unbroken annual increase 
since the fiscal year 1904, while costs have also shown improvement 

The office of the company is at No. 82 Devonshire Street, Boston, 
Mass., the mine office at Metcalf, Arizona, and the works office at 
Clifton, Arizona. The officers are: Nathan L. Amster, president; 
Alexander B. Clough, vice president; David A. Ellis, secretary; R. 
Townsend McKeever, treasurer; Charles R. Jeffers, assistant secre- 
tary and treasurer; John W. Bennie, general manager; H. H. Dyer, 
general superintendent; H. A. Collin, mine superintendent; William 
H. Bond, mill superintendent. The stock of the company is listed on 
the Boston Stock Exchange, the property is considered very valuable, 
and the management excellent. 



IX A R I Z O X A 



143 




Shannon Copper Company's Mines and Smelter 



144 W H O ' S W H O 



Calumet and Arizona 

THE CALUMET & ARIZONA MINING COMPANY was organized in 
March, 1901, under the laws of Arizona with a capitalization of 
$2,500,000, shares $10.00 par, and the capitalization increased Feb- 
ruary, 1911, to $6,500,000. The Company has paid in dividends to 
date $16,456,812, and has at present a cash surplus of $4,000,000. 

The Company's holdings consist of the original Calumet & Arizona 
holdings plus the large holdings of the Superior & Pittsburg Copper 
Company, the merger having been effected in 1911 by exchanging one 
share of Calumet & Arizona stock for three and a half shares of 
Superior & Pittsburg stock. 

It is now building at Douglas a smelter of 2,600 tons capacity, 
consisting of two 48x40-foot blast furnaces and five 19x1 00-foot re- 
verberatory furnaces. The Cananea bedding system is one of the 
features, and also the most modern sampling and crushing plant for 
custom work in the southwest. The roasting plant consists of twelve 
21 -foot Hereshoff roasters. 

The production of the Calumet & Arizona Mining Company for 
1911 was 49,945,905 pounds of refined copper. 

The labor at the Calumet & Arizona mines is not organzied, the 
Company paying better than union wages. A referendum vote on 
the Australian plan was held in 1907 and it was decided by a majority 
of four to one to continue the Bisbee district on the open shop plan. 
The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company was the first mining com- 
pany in the state to discontinue Sunday work. This decision became 
effective in August, 1910, and is now T extending over the state. 

The mines in Bisbee employ about 1,400 men. At the smelter at 
Douglas about 350 men are employed operating, and at the present 
time an additional 250 men are employed on the construction of 
the new smelter. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company has the reputation of 
being a fair mining company, and it is the only large mining com- 
pany in the state that does not own railroads and operate a company 
store. The management is considered excellent in every respect. A 
hospital with an efficient staff is maintained by the company for irs 
employes. 

The main office of the Company is at Warren, Arizona. The 
eastern office is at Calumet, Michigan. The officers of the Company 
are as follows: Charles Briggs, President; James Hoatson, Vice 
President; Thomas Hoatson, Second Vice President; Gordon R. 
Campbell, Secretary; Peter Ruppe, Treasurer; John C. Greenway, 



IN ARIZONA 



145 




146 



\V H O S W H O 



General Manager; W. B. Gohring, Superintendent of Mines; James 
Wood, Superintendent of the Smelter; J. E. Curry, Chief Clerk: 
Walter B. Congdon, Purchasing Agent. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company, in addition to its 
mines at Bisbee, is operating a producing mine at Courtland, Arizona, 
employing ahout 75 men, and is also conducting extensive exploratory 
work at Superior, in Piral County, Arizona, and at Ajo Camp, in 
Pima County. 

The Patagonia District 

THE PATAGOXIA DISTRICT, in Santa Cruz County, is rapidly ac- 
quiring an important place in mining records, as phenomenal develop- 
ments have been carried on during the past year, and great attention 
has been attracted to this district. A number of the heaviest mining 
operators and corporations have bought properties and undertaken fur- 
ther developments and large amounts of ore are now being shipped to 
reduction works, while the erection of plants for the reduction of ores 
too low in grade to stand the cost of shipment is being contemplated, 
and will doubtless be effected in the near future. The Chief group of 
mines in this district has been taken over by the same people who de- 
veloped the El Tigre mine, in Mexico, and they are developing on an 
extensive scale, opening large and rich bodies of ore. The Phelps- 
Dodge Company have recently taken over The World's Fair group 
and are extending development. W. A. Clark, of the United Verde, 
has bought the Trench mine, w T hich is also being extensively developed. 
The great development made to date in the R. R. R. group has been 
done by N. L. Amster of Boston, president of the Shannon Copper 
Company, by whom it has recently been purchased. Mining opera- 
tions have been conducted in this vicinity for many years, but general- 
ly in a superficial way, not having been carried to any great depth, 
which has led to a rather common belief that the conditions did not 
warrant deeper development. Mining experts, however, and geolo- 
gists have declared that indications point to profitable deep mining, and 
recent results have borne out their assertions and the advent into this 
field of operators of most thorough experience and capable judgment 
says volumes for the latent mineral resources of the Patagonia Dis- 
trict. Here has been presented an array of eminently practical and 
successful mining operators who have been attracted to the region. 
They have taken hold of promising properties in good faith and are pro- 
jecting operations on large scales. The first mining done in this re- 
gion was by the Franciscan friars, early in the 17th century, about the 
time their missions were established. When the missions were aban- 
doned at the time of the termination of Spanish rule in Mexico, early 
in the 19th century, the mines were concealed and abandoned and the 
records removed to Spain. About this time an uprising of the Apaches 
caused the entire region to become desolate, by driving away the 



[ N ARIZONA 



147 



miners. The operation of mining was resumed after the war with 
Mexico and has since been carried on intermittently, hut no great 
development has resulted. 




VV H O ' S W H O 



Mohave County Mining 

By Anson D. Smith 

MINING, the principal industry, in Mohave County dates back to 
the discovery of the Moss mine in the early 60's before the Territory 
of Arizona was created and while that region was still within the 
confines of Donna Ana County, New Mexico. The Moss vein and 
mine is located four miles northeasterly from the Gold Road mine 
and the report of the discovery soon attracted hundreds of pros- 
pectors and miners from the gold districts of California and Nevada. 
Some of the surface ores of the Moss and neighboring properties in 
the Black or River Range, then known as the Blue Range, were 
extremely rich, yielding handsome profits after the payment of ship- 
ping expenses by pack train to the Colorado river, by river steamer 
to Port Isabel, down the Gulf of California to Point Arena, up the 
coast to San Francisco, thence to Swansea, Wales, for treatment. 
Owing to the hostility of the Piute and Hualapai Indians, explora- 
tions w r ere confined to 'a very limited district until 1865, when a 
daring party of miners ventured into the Cerbat range, only to be 
massacred, \vith the exception of one, on Silver Hill, where the town 
of Chloride was later established and is now flourishing. 

When the Territory of Arizona was created in 1864, Mohave 
County became one of its four great political subdivisions. On the 
admission of Nevada to statehood in 1865 that part of Mohave west 
of the Colorado River was annexed to the Sagebrush State, and the 
county seat was removed to Hardyville, ten miles northeasterly from 
the Moss mine. With the discovery of rich veins in the Cerbat 
range the county seat was moved to Cerbat, and later to Mineral 
Park, where it remained until 1887, when it was removed to King- 
man. 

Mining in the Black and Cerbat ranges continued under very 
adverse conditions until the construction of the Atlantic & Pacific 

Railroad, when practically the first development below water level 
was begun. Prosperity followed until the depreciation in the price 
of silver, when attention was again turned to the gold deposits of 
the Black or River range, resulting in the discovery of the Gold Road 
and Tom Reed mines, to which, with the Golconda, the largest zinc 
producer in the State, the present prosperity of Mohave County is 
due. Besides these, many other properties of merit are in various 
stages of development, adding much to the annual output of gold, 
silver and zinc which is now attracting the attention of mining in- 
vestors of this and other countries. 



T N ARIZONA 



149 




Everett E. Ellinwood 



W H O S W H O 



EVKRKTT E. ELLIN WOOD, senior member of the la\v firm of Ellin- 
\vood iS: Ross, and general counsel for Phelps, Dodge & Co. interests 
in Arizona, was born in Rock Creek, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, July 22, 
1862. He is the son of John P. and Cornelia Sperry Ellinwood. 
Having completed the common school course, he attended Knox Col- 
lege for three years, after which he took the law course at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. Among his classmates there were numbered 
several men prominent in national affairs. He was admitted to the 
bar of Illinois in 1889. The following year he came to Arizona, 
where he has since been prominently identified with his profession and 
is generally recognized as one of the legal authorities of the State. He 
was U. S. District Attorney from 1893 to 1898; he was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention and aided in drafting a large portion of 
that document, but refused to sign it o\ving to the provision relating 
to the recall of the judiciary. He is a Democrat of the conservative 
type, was a delegate to the National Convention in 1892, and Chair- 
man of the Democratic Territorial Committee for two terms. He is a 
member of the American Bar Association, of which he was Vice Presi- 
dent for several years. He was also delegate to the Universal Con- 
gress of Lawyers which met in St. Louis in 1904. Mr. Ellinwood has 
been General Attorney for the El Paso & Southwestern System and 
Phelps, Dodge & Co. interests in Arizona since 1906. From 1897 to 
1911 he was Commissioner for Promotion of Uniform Law 7 s in the 
United States. He was married November 17, 1886, to Miss Minnie L. 
Walkley and to the union have been born two children Cornelia, a 
student at Smith College, and Ralph E., who is taking a preparatory 
course in an Eastern school. 



JOHN MASON Ross, junior member of the firm of Ellinwood & 
Ross, and son of Edwin and Mary McCoy Ross, was born in Davis 
County, Indiana, in 1874. His father, whose regular occupation was 
farming, served throughout the Civil War as private in an Ohio Regi- 
ment, and was wounded several times. Mr. Ross received his early 
education in the public schools of Ohio, and later attended Stanford 
University, California, from which he was graduated in 1897 w r ith 
the degree LL. B. Having been admitted to practice in California, he 
entered the office of A. C. Freeman, San Francisco, a well known at- 
torney and law writer, with whom he was associated about three 
years. On coming to Arizona, he located in Prescott, where for sev- 
eral years he was associated with John J. Hawkins, one of the State's 
best know r n attorneys, after which he became a member of the firm of 
Norris, Ross & Smith. Not only in Yavapai, where they handled a 
large portion of the litigation involving grave complications, but 
throughout the State, this firm attained prominence, and their practice 
called them to the courts of the various counties. The firm of Ellin- 
wood & Ross, which, personally and professionally, stands second 



IN ARIZONA 



151 



Mill 



~ 











11 




John Mason Ross 



152 WHO'S WHO 

to none, are general attorneys for the Copper Queen Con- 
solidated Mining Company and for the El Paso & Southwest- 
ern Railroad Company in Arizona, whose interests for some 
years were looked after by the now senior member of the firm, 
Mr. E. E. Ellinwood. When the duties of his position as gen- 
eral attorney necessitated his securing a partner, Mr. Ellinwood's 
choice in the matter was Mr. Ross, with whom he had formerly been 
associated, and who has been a member of the present firm about three 
years. Mr. Ross has served as President of the Arizona Bar Associa- 
tion, was at one time President of the Yavapai Club, of Prescott, and 
is now President of the Warren District Country Club, at Warren. 
He was married in 1903 to Miss Mabel Edw r ards Landers, of San 
Francisco, a graduate of Smith College, Northampton, Mass., and a 
woman of much culture. They have three children, Hugh Landers, 
aged six ; Lydia Goodwin, aged four, and Everett Mason, aged one 
month. Thev make their home at Warren. 



FRANK H. HEREFORD was born at Sacramento, California, on No- 
vember 21, 1861. His parents a few years later, moved to Virginia 
City, Nevada, and his home during the earlier period of his life was 
in Nevada. His mother, Mary Jewel Hereford, dying when he was 
six years old, most of his time was thereafter spent in California with 
relatives and at school, until his 16th year, when his father moved to 
Tucson, Arizona. Mr. Hereford's home has ever since that time 
been in Arizona. He attended McClure's Academy at Oakland, 
Santa Clara College at Santa Clara and the University of the Pacific 
at San Jose, all of the State of California. He studied law in his fath- 
er's office at Tucson, Arizona, and was admitted to practice in the 
year 1885, and ever since that date has been practicing, maintaining 
an office in the city of Tucson. He has made a specialty of mining and 
corporation law, and is the regular attorney and chief counsel for a 
number of the larger mining companies of Southern Arizona. He is 
interested in a large number of business enterprises in the State, prin- 
cipal amongst which are the Consolidated National Bank of Tucson, 
of which he is a director, and the La Osa Cattle Company, of which 
he is a director and secretary. He w r as private secretary for two years 
to F. A. Trifle, Governor of Arizona; a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of Arizona, which convened in the year 1891, and was 
District Attorney of Pima County for two successive terms. His 
father, Benjamin H. Hereford, was a lawyer of prominence in Ari- 
zona; was a member of the Territorial Legislature in the year 1879, 
and for several terms served as District Attorney of Pima County. 
Mr. Hereford was united in marriage to Miss Adeline Rockwell, of 
Milwaukee, Wis., July 30, 1901. They have three sons, Francis 
Rockwell, aged 11 ; Jack, aged 6, and Edgar Tenney, aged 3. 



IN ARIZONA 



153 




Frank H. Hereford 



154 W H O S W H O 

JOSEPH H. KIBBEY, who has held the highest positions of trust 
and honor in the state, all of which he filled not only creditably but 
with distinction, has been a resident of Arizona for many years. He 
was born in Centerville, Indiana, March 4, 1853; he is the son of 
John F. and Caroline E. Kibbey, and was reared and educated in his 
native state. He was admitted to the bar in 1875 and continued the 
practice of his profession there until 1888, when he came to Arizona 
and located in Florence. Finely educated, possessing power of deep 
concentration and the will to do, and coming of a line of men noted 
in law, Judge Kibbey has come to have an immense law practice and a 
name and reputation which reach far beyond the borders of the state. 
In his native state his paternal grandfather was a judge for many 
years, and his father was also a judge for twenty-five years. In 1889 
he was appointed by President Harrison, Associate Justice of the Su- 
preme Court, and while on the bench handed down what has become 
known as the "Kibbey Decision," which refers to the use of water in 
ditches and laterals, and was regarded so highly that it has been 
copied in all the standard law books bearing on the subject. It has 
been said that while on the bench, he had fewer reversals than any 
other Arizona Judge. In 1893 Judge Kibbey moved to Phoenix, 
where he has since resided. In 1902 he was elected by a good major- 
ity to the Council of the 22nd Legislature, and though he was but 
leader of the minority, he succeeded in doing much towards shaping 
the legislation. He has also served twice as Chairman of the Terri- 
torial Central Committee. In 1904 he was appointed Attorney Gen- 
eral of Arizona, and held this position until 1905, when he was ap- 
pointed Governor of the Territory. Judge Kibbey is a man who has 
merited the commendation of the people in every phase of his career, 
but in no way has he won more thorough or deserved appreciation 
than through his service in behalf of the people of the Salt River Val- 
ley in aiding them to secure the Tonto Reservoir and drafting the 
Article of Incorporation of the Water Users' Association, which 
brought such good results that it did more than all his other work to 
bring him to popular favor. He was married January 10, 1877, to 
Miss Nora Burbank. Mrs. Kibbey is known socially as a woman of 
talent and a charming entertainer. 



SAMUEL L. KINGAN, attorney-at-law, Tucson, was born in Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, in 1867. He passed his early life in that city 
and was educated in its public schools. Mr. Kingan took his law 
course in the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, from which he was 
graduated, and he was admitted to practice in 1889. Two years later 
he came to Arizona, and he has since been the senior member of the 
firms of Kingan & Dick and Kingan & Wright. During the years of 
his residence here Mr. Kingan has built up an excellent practice and 
has become prominent in legal circles, having been successful in the 



IN ARIZONA 



155 




Joseph H. Kibbey 



156 WHO'S WHO 

conduct of some highly important cases, in both the local and United 
States Court. Mr. Kingan is a Republican, and while he has never 
held a political office, he has always taken an active interest in public 
affairs. He was one of the Pima County delegates to the Constitu- 
tional Convention, and served on the Judiciary, Schedule, Mode of 
Amending and Miscellaneous Committees. He is a member of the 
Masonic Order and belongs to the local lodge. He married Miss 
Mary Tucker, of Illinois,, in 1889, and to the union was born one 
daughter, Mary. 



JOHN FRANKLIN HECHTMAN, senator from Gila County in the 
First Arizona State Legislature, has had a varied career, having had 
experience in law, government service, newspaper work, and mining, 
the latter being now his chief occupation. Mr. Hechtman was born 
in Erie County, Pa., in August, 1854, but in 1857 his parents removed 
to St. Anthony's Falls, Minn., and in 1862 to Washington, D. C., 
where his father, Captain of Co. "K", 83rd Penn. Vol., was in the 
hospital suffering from wounds received in battle. Here Mr. Hecht- 
man served as messenger in the Treasury Department for more than 
a year, as page in the House and Senate for five years, and afterward 
was employed in the Coast Survey. He also attended public and pri- 
vate schools and studied law in Washington. In May, 1875, he re- 
turned to Minnesota, and remained there until the following March 
and then proceeded to the Black Hills of South Dakota, but in June 
of the same year located in Parrott City, Colorado, and engaged in 
mining and prospecting. He spent the years 1878 and 1879 pros- 
pecting in Arizona, but returned to Colorado. He had previously 
been admitted to the practice of law in the Supreme Court of that 
State, and in November, 1880, while performing the duties of five 
county offices was elected judge of his county. Senator Hechtman 
located permanently in Arizona in December, 1899, when he settled 
in Globe. Shortly afterward he was admitted to practice in the state, 
but he has never been actively engaged in legal work, his attention 
having been devoted in the main to mining, though for a time he was 
editor of the "Silver Belt". While he has been active in the inter- 
ests of the Democratic party during his years of residence here, he has 
steadfastly declined to become a candidate for office until the fall of 
1911 when he was nominated for senator, and elected by a sweeping 
majority. During the first session of the legislature the senator was 
one of the notably quiet but thorough and successful workers of the 
senate, and in his "Personnel of the Senate", his colleague, Senator C. 
B. Wood, has said of Senator Hechtman's personality and work: "He 
was one of the best liked men in the senate^always pleasant, accom- 
modating, always pouring oil on the troubled waters, and always for 
peace and good fellowship. As Chairman of the Judiciary Committee 
and Chairman of the Committee on Counties and County Affairs, and 
as a member of five other important committees, he did much splendid 



IN ARIZONA 



157 




John P. Heohtman 



158 WHO'S WHO 

work." Senator Hechtman is, in fact, a man whose courtesy, consid- 
eration and refinement of manner are inherent qualities, and immedi- 
ately recognized as such, while his ability, practical knowledge, and 
thoroughness have made him one of the most valuable members of the 
legislature. In the special session he has served as Chairman of the 
Joint Code Revision Committee of the two houses and was an untir- 
ing worker in this momentous cause. He was also a member of five 
other committees, among which are the Judiciary and Style, Revision 
and Compilation. 

ARCHIBALD J. SAMPSON, attorney-at-law, and one of Arizona's 
most noted citizens, has been recipient of more honors at the hands of 
the Federal Government than any other man in the State. In 1887 
he was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Ecuador, which was the first diplomatic appointment in over sixty 
years to a person living in a Territory. For ten years Mr. Sampson 
acted in this capacity, and in 1907 resumed his residence in Arizona. 
Mr. Sampson was born near Cadiz, Ohio, June 21, 1839. He was 
graduated B. S. from Mt. Union College, Ohio, in 1861, and A. M. 
in 1865, and in 1890 received the degree LL. B. from the same col- 
lege. He took a course at the Cleveland Law College, from w 7 hich he 
received the degree LL. B. in 1866. Having been admitted to the 
bar in 1865, he practiced at Sedalia, Mo., until 1873, then he re- 
moved to Colorado and practiced in Canon City and Denver for the 
succeeding sixteen years, when he was appointed Consul at El Paso 
del Norte, Mexico, and served from 1889 to 1893. He then came to 
Arizona and located at Phoenix. Here he soon took the place as a 
citizen, an attorney and a statesman, to which his natural endow- 
ments entitled him and no man in Arizona today stands higher in the 
esteem of his fellowmen. In 1873 Mr. Sampson was nominated for 
the post of U. S. Consul at Palestine, but declined the honor, and in 
1876 he was elected Attorney General of Colorado. He has always 
been an ardent Republican and a strong factor in the party in general 
as well as in local matters. He served in the Civil War as private in 
the Union Army, from which he was advanced to the rank of Captain. 
He is now a member of the G. A. R. and Past Deputy Commander 
of the same. He is also a 32nd degree Mason and Knight Templar. 
Mrs. Sampson was formerly Miss Frances S. Wood, -of Joliet, 111., 
and since her residence in Phoenix has become socially one of the city's 
most prominent women. 



LEROY ANDERSON, one of the most prominent attorneys in Ari- 
zona, has been a resident of this state since 1893, when he came here 
from his native state, Illinois. Mr. Anderson is especially well 
known as a corporation attorney, being counsel for the United Verde 
Copper Company, Senator Clark's big mine, for the Consolidated 
Arizona Smelting Company at Humboldt, and for the United Verde 



[ N ARIZONA 



159 




Leroy Anderson 



160 WHO'S WHO 

& Pacific Railroad, and the Prescott Gas & Electric Company. He is 
at present a director of the Prescott Chamber of Commerce and was 
formerly vice president of this organization. He is also a director in 
what promises to be the largest privately owned irrigation project in 
the Southwest. He is a prominent member of the Arizona Bar Asso- 
ciation, in which body he has served as president, and of the Prescott 
Auto Club. Mr. Anderson is a Republican, and a leader in his party 
in Yavapai county. He is especially well known for the work done by 
him as president of the Anti Joint Statehood Commission in 1906, 
when he so successfully conducted the fight against joint statehood. 
During the Spanish-American War, he was a member of the Fifth 
Illinois Volunteers. Mr. Anderson is married and makes his home in 
Prescott. 

LOREN FELIX VAUGHN, attorney at law, a member of the firm of 
Clark & Vaughn, of Phoenix, was born in Illinois, September 17, 
1874. His early life was spent on a farm, attending only the com- 
mon schools until he was eighteen years old, when he procured a 
teacher's certificate, which he still deems the most highly prized docu- 
ment he has ever received. After remaining two years longer assisting 
his father in the handling of the farm, he began teaching school in an 
adjoining district; with the money earned in this way he entered the 
famous Illinois College at Jacksonville, Illinois, w r here he remained 
one term then resumed teaching, this time in the neighboring State of 
Missouri. He later attended the Chillicothe Normal College of Mis- 
souri, graduating w T ith the degree of Bachelor of Science. His teach- 
ing experience covers a period of ninety-eight months, all the way from 
the "cross-roads" school to High School Principalship, and holds life 
certificates in Missouri and Arizona. While teaching he began the 
study of law, then took one year's work in the Missouri College of 
Law at St. Louis, after which he entered the office of Col. H. M. 
Phillips, of Poplar Bluff, one of the most able attorneys of the state; 
passing the Missouri State examination, he was admitted to the bar 
and practiced there for three years, then entered the law department of 
Cumberland University at Lebanon, Tennessee, from which he has 
the degree, LL. B. Mr. Vaughn came to Arizona in 1905, taught 
school in Duncan, and his w r ife, w r ho was also a teacher, taught 
at Franklin, a nearby district. He subsequently started the 
Duncan Arizonian, which became one of the strongest weeklies in the 
State, always active in the interest of purity in State, County and Na- 
tional politics. In 1909 he was made Clerk of the Board of Supervis- 
ors in Graham County. In 1910 he was one of the organizers of the 
Duncan Telephone Company, of which he has since been secretary. 
In April, 1912, Gov. Hunt appointed him with John J. Hawkins, 
ex-Justice of the Supreme Court, and Hon. John T. Dunlap, as com- 
missioners to select a site for the Industrial School. They chose for 
the site the abandoned Federal Military Fort with buildings worth 



IN ARIZONA 



161 




Loren Felix Vaughn 

$241,000.00 and two thousand acres of fine land in Graham County. 
During the campaign for delegates to the Democratic National Con- 
vention of 1912, Mr. Vaughn was entrusted with the management of 
Gov. Folk's interest in Arizona, being a personal friend of the famous 
governor. He is a State Committeeman, and has the happy fortune of 
having been in the Wilson procession working for Gov. Wilson's nom- 
ination before the Baltimore Convention. Mr. Vaughn is the son of 
Spencer Edwards and Sarah Jane Lamar Vaughn, and was married in 
1904 to Miss Lena King, a native of Hardin, Mo.; they have two 
children, Jane and Loren Felix, Jr. 



GEORGE U. YOUNG was born at Hamburg, Indiana, February 10, 
1867, where his parents, John Alexander and Mary Wilson Young 
resided for many years. When he was thirteen years of age the 
family removed to Kansas. Mr. Young has been practically self- 
educated, and at the age of fifteen began teaching school at his home 
in Kansas. Here, too, he studied law and was admitted to the bar 
in 1890. He came to Arizona shortly after and for three years was 
engaged in railroad construction, afterwards working as both fireman 



162 



WHO S WHO 




George U. Young 



IN ARIZONA 



163 



and engineer on the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad. He was later 
elected principal of the schools of Williams, in which position he 
served four years and acquired the ownership of the "Williams News." 
He was also associated with Captain William O'Neill in the promo- 
tion of the Grand Canyon Railroad. O'Neill's death in Cuba left the 
entire responsibility of the western interests in the proposition upon 
Mr. Young, and it was through his efforts and sacrifices that the 
road was built. In 1903 he became actively interested in mining and 
has since done much towards the development of this one of Arizona's 
resources, and is at present President and General Manager of the 
Young Mines Company, Ltd., and the Madizelle Mining Company. 
For several years he was Territorial Secretary of Arizona. Mr. 
Young is prominently known throughout the entire State. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican and takes an active part in the campaigns of 
his party. He has for some time been generally spoken of as the 
Progressive candidate for Governor at the coming election. From a 
legal, business and political standpoint, Mr. Young stands deservedly 
high in the esteem of his fellow citizens, and stands for pure religion 
without regard to sect or church. Mr. Young was married Septem- 
ber 26, 1900, to Miss Mary E. Smith, of Williams, Arizona. They 
make their home in Phoenix. 



A. Y. WRIGHT, attorney and capitalist of Douglas, is a native of 
Iowa, the son of Lyman and Sarah Hagerman Wright, who were 
pioneers of that state. Mr. Wright was educated in the Epworth 
Seminary, at Epworth, la., and afterwards attended the Northwestern 
University at Mt. Vernon. Having been admitted to the bar in 
1876, he practiced first in Nebraska, where he served a term as prose- 
cuting attorney, and in 1890 went to California where again he 
served as prosecuting attorney, having been appointed for one year. 
He remained in California until 1904, when he came to Arizona and 
settled in Douglas. During the short time that Judge Wright has 
been here he has built up an excellent practice, and has become one of 
the well kno\vn attorneys of the state. Besides being local representa- 
tive of R. G. Dun & Company, the financial authorities, in which 
capacity he has served for twenty-five years in various places, he is 
attorney for the Pawney Mining Company, secretary of the Arizona 
& Mexico Railroad Company and secretary of the Arizona Realty 
Corporation. He also holds a commission as notary public. He is a 
well known figure in fraternal life, being a Mason of high standing, 
a member of the Blue Lodge, Royal Arch and Knights Templar. He 
i-j Drill Master for the Knights Templar, having qualified for the 
latter position during the Civil War; he has also been Patron of the 
Eastern Star. Judge Wright was married in 1884 to Miss Sarah 
Reynolds, and to the union have been born two children, L. C. and 
Olive. 



164 



WHO S WHO 



JOHN J. HAWKINS, who is one of the best known, and considered 
one of the best informed and ablest attorneys in the state, came to 
Arizona in 1883. He is recognized as an authority on mining law, but 
his practice is general, and is the largest in Northern Arizona. He 

was born in Saline 
County, Mo., January 
4, 1855, and is the son 
of George Scott and 
Frances Gauldin 
Hawkins. He was ed- 
ucated at William Jew- 
ell College and the 
University of Missouri, 
studied law with Hon- 
orable Thomas Shackle- 
ford, Glasgow, Mo., 
was admitted to the 
bar of that state in 
1878, and there until 
1883 he continued the 
practice of his profes- 
sion. In the latter year 
he came to Arizona to 
make his home, and in 
the almost thirty years 
that Judge Hawkins 
has been a resident of 
the state he has made 
and maintained a re- 
cord that is unexcelled. He was soon selected Judge of the Probate 
Court of Yavapai County, and has held numerous positions in the 
Territory, among them Territorial Auditor, member of Council in the 
Legislative Assembly, and Justice of the Supreme Court. He has also 
been President of the Arizona Bar Association and Northern Arizona 
Bar Association ; member of the General Council of the American Bar 
Association, and is now Vice President of the American Bar Associa- 
tion for Arizona, and was delegate to the Universal Congress of Law- 
yers and Jurists, at St. Louis, in 1904. Judge Hawkins is a member 
of the P. E. Church and an earnest worker in its behalf, being Chan- 
cellor of the Missionary District of Arizona, and on two occasions has 
been Lay Delegate to the General Convention. He is a member of 
the National Geographic Society, the American Academy of Political 
and Social Science and of the Chamber of Commerce at Prescott ; is a 
prominent Mason, belonging to both the Mystic Shrine and Knights 
Templar, as well as to the Yavapai Club and the California Club. He 
was married May 5, 1885, to Miss Olive Birch, of Glasgow, Mo. 




IN ARIZONA 



165 




Edward M. Doe 



166 



WHO S WHO 



EDWARD M. DOE was born at Cabot, Vermont, January 20, 1850, 
and is the son of Doctor John and Lemira Damon Doe. He was 
graduated frim the University of Iowa with a B. S. Degree in 1870, 
and with an LL. D. Degree in 1871. In the latter year he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the State of Iowa, and practiced in Iowa City 
for a number of years. Since 1887 he has been a resident of Flagstaff. 
In 1891 Governor Irwin appointed him first District Attorney of 
Coconino County, and from 1902 to 1908 he filled the same office by 
election. He was associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Terri- 
tory from May, 1909, to January, 1912, and was also a member of 
the Constitutional Convention, but refused to sign the Constitution be- 
cause of some of its provisions which he considered radical. Learned, 
courteous, a true gentleman of the Old School, Judge Doe is reputed 
to have the finest legal mind in the State of Arizona. Mrs. Doe is a 

woman of charming personality and brilliant mind, well read and 
thoroughly conversant with the leading questions of the day. Judge 
Doe is a member of the Yavapai Club of Prescott, and an honorary 
member of the Anglers Club, of Boston, Mass. 



JOHN HENRY CAMPBELL, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Arizona from March 17, 1905, until the beginning of statehood, 
was born in the State of Illinois in September, 1868, and is the son of 
William J. and Milla Smith Campbell. His early education was 
obtained in the public schools of Illinois, and he afterwards attended 
Columbian University, receiving therefrom in 1891 the degree of 
LL. B. and in 1892 that of LL. M. During the time he was working 
for these degrees he was employed in the Treasury Department at 
Washington, where he remained for six years. In 1894, however, 
having been admitted to the practice of law, he was appointed to a 
position in the Department of Justice, being made attorney in charge 
of pardons. This position he held until 1901, when he removed to 
Arizona, which he has made his permanent home. From 1902 to 
1905 he served as Assistant United States Attorney for Arizona, which 
position he held until he became Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court. Judge Campbell was married in Washington, D. C., April 15, 
1890, to Miss Estella Freet, of that city. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and one of the foremost men of the state in a professional and 
political sense, as well as a man whose judgment in all matters per- 
taining to the general or civic welfare is greatly relied upon, and 
whose opinion and advice on questions of the day are much sought 
after. He is a member of the order of Knights of Pythias and is a 
Past Grand Chancellor of the domain of Arizona. 



IN ARIZONA 



167 




Fletcher Morris lioa.n 



FLETCHER MORRIS DOAN. lawyer and jurist, was born at Circle- 
ville, Pickaway County, Ohio, July 21, 1846, and is the son of John 
and Maria Doan. He received his early education in the public 
schools of Circleville and afterward entered Ohio Wesleyan Univers- 
ity, at Delaware, Ohio, from which he was graduated with the degree 
A. B. in 1867 and A. M. in 1872. He was also graduated from the 
Albany School at Albany, N. Y., with the degree LL. B. He was 
admitted to the practice of la\v before the Supreme Court of Missouri 
in 1869 and was a member of the Pike County Bar. He came to 
Arizona in 1888 and was admitted to the Bar of the Supreme Court 
of the Territory, and served as District Attorney for Pinal County 
from 1894 to 1897, in which latter y?ar h was appointed Associate 
Justice of the Supreme Court and Judge of the Second Judicial Dis- 
trict of Arizona, retaining this position until Arizona became a State 
on February 14th, 1912, when he resumed the practice of law in 
Tombstone, the county seat of Cochise County, and the home of 
Judge Doan. During his early years in Arizona his friends and him- 



168 WHO'S WHO 

self spent a large sum of money and much of their time and energy in 
an effort to make a success of the South Gila Canal, which was in- 
tended to irrigate 150,000 acres of valley and mesa land in Yuma 
County ; and while the attempt failed at the time, through the con- 
tinued efforts of some of his friends and Captain Woodworth, the 
original promoter has enlisted a vast amount of French capital and 
hopes the system will yet become a complete success. Judge Doan is a 
Republican in his political views, and a Methodist in his religious af- 
filiations. In 1873 he married Miss Anna Murray, daughter of Hon- 
orable Samuel F. and Frances Murray, at Bowling Green, Mo. He 
was Grand Templar of the Independent Order of Good Templars in 
1898, and Grand Master of the Masonic Order from November, 
1908, to February, 1910, and Grand Patron of the Order of the 
Eastern Star in 1910. In addition to the duties of his profession, 
Judge Doan has always been associated with business interests in Ari- 
zona, and he is at present president of the Arizona Bank & Trust 
Company of Douglas. 



ERNEST WILLIAM LEWIS is a native of the Keystone State, having 
been born in Indiana, Pennsylvania, December 27, 1875, and is the 
son of George R. and Nancy MacLane Lewis. He was educated 
primarily in the public schools and was afterwards graduated from the 
University of Minnesota. Having completed his course in law, he 
was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of Arizona in 1900, 
and engaged in practice in Phoenix, which he continued until 1909. 
From 1903 until 1909 he also acted as Reporter of the Supreme Court 
of the Territory, and in the latter year was chosen Associate Justice 
of the Supreme Court, his term in this capacity having expired with 
the admission of Arizona to statehood. Judge Lewis has resumed pri- 
vate practice in Globe and is rated one of the most able attorneys in 
the state. Judge Lewis is a Republican in politics, a consistent mem- 
ber of the Episcopalian Church, and a member of the Masons, Knights 
Templar and Mystic Shrine. He was married February 19, 1902, to 
Miss Ethel May Orme, of Phoenix. 



JUDGE ALBERT C. BAKER was born at Girard, Russell County, 
Alabama, February 15, 1845, and is a graduate of the East Alabama 
Male College. He served two and one-half years in the Confederate 
Army as color bearer for Waddell's Battalion of Artillery. When yet 
a young man he moved to Missouri, thence to California, and subse- 
quently located in Phoenix, Arizona, in the early part of 1879 and 
opened a law office. His skill and tact as a lawyer soon became com- 
mon knowledge in Arizona and today he is practically without a rival 
in the State in the conduct of a case before a jury. The published law 
reports and the dockets of the courts bear abundant evidence of his 
activities. Scarcely a case of great importance has been tried in the 



IN ARIZONA 



169 



O 



5r 







t 

a> 



M 

W 
P 




170 WHO'S WHO 

State for a decade in which he has not appeared as counsel for one 
side or the other. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Conven- 
tion from Maricopa County and in that body was of great service to 
the State. He espoused the cause of many of the new features in the 
Constitution without becoming hysterical or dangerously radical. 
Judge Baker was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Arizona by President Cleveland and filled that high office for one 
term with great credit to himself and great satisfaction to the people. 
His written opinions are unaffected, short, simple, direct and blaze the 
way so clearly that there is no room to doubt w r hat is precisely decided. 
As a judge he was upright, honest and fearless. Judge Baker is 
blessed w r ith the happy faculty of dressing up a thought in a way that 
appeals with great force to the emotions. At a banquet before the 
City Club of Phoenix he once paid a tribute that is worthy of preser- 
vation to the pioneers of Arizona. He said : "The soldier leads an 
assault in the blare of trumpets and the roll of drums. It lasts but a 
minute. He know T s that whether he lives or dies immortal fame is his 
reward. It is not so with the pioneer. When this soldier of peace 
assaults the wilderness no bugle sounds the charge. The forest, the 
desert, the savage beast and savage man lurk to ambush him; he 
blazes the trails, fells the trees, turns the streams and plants his rude 
stakes; his self-possessed soul keeps its fingers on his lips and no lamen- 
tations are heard. When civilization joyously comes w T ith unsoiled 
sandals over the trails he has blazed, and homes and temples spring up 
on the soil he has broken, his youth is gone, hope is chastened into 
silerce and he sinks into a dreamless bivouac under the stars. The 
world merely sponges his name from the slate and self satisfied civili- 
zation accepts his toil without compensation and frowns w T ith horror 
at his rough and rugged ways. But he is content. The shadows of 
the wilderness have been chased away, the savage beast and savage 
man have fled, the fields ripen to yellow grain and seats of learning 
and temples of w r orship dot the plains; the perfume of flowers and 
songs of children gladden all the land and he smiles upon the younger 
generation and is content."- By J. W. Spear. 

ALEXANDER B. BAKER, attorney-at-law, junior member of the firm 
of Baker & Baker, of Phoenix, was born in that city May 23, 1889, 
and is the son of Albert Cornelius and Mary J. Alexander Baker. 
Mr. Baker was educated in the public schools of Phoenix, and after 
being graduated from the high school, began the study of law in the 
office of his father, with whom he is now associated. Shortly after- 
ward he took up the study of law in the University of Michigan, 
from which he was graduated in 1910, immediately thereafter was 
admitted to practice in Arizona and entered his father's office as part- 
ner. Mr. Baker is very well known among the younger attorneys and 
coming of a line of able attorneys who reached the pinnacle of honor 
in their profession, he seems destined to follow in their footsteps and 



IN ARIZONA 



171 



to become one of Arizona's foremost attorneys. His father, Honor- 
able A. C. Baker, was at one time Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Arizona. Mr. Baker is a member of the Knights of Columbus, 
among whom he is very active, and prominent as a lecturer. 




I>avicl Richardson 



Frank M. Doan 



RICHARDSON & DOAN, attorneys-at-law, have been associated in 
business in Douglas since 1907, when they established their partner- 
ship, and during that time they have handled many cases, their prac- 
tice before the Supreme Court being unusually large. David Richard- 
son is a native of Texas, having been born in Crockett, September 21, 
1865. His parents, J. D. and Cora Hazlett Richardson, were among 
the early pioneers of that vicinity. Frank Doan, the other member of 
the firm, is a native of Missouri, having been born in Bowling Green, 
on February 28, 1877. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher M. 
Doan, who are mentioned elsewhere in this work. Mr. Richardson 
was educated and studied law in Texas, and was admitted to practice 
in Galveston twenty-three years ago. In 1897 his health broke down 
and he removed to El Paso, Texas, and continued the practice of his 
profession there until 1900, when he first came to Arizona. He lo- 
cated in Nogales, where he remained until 1903, then moved to Doug- 
las, which has since been his home. A few years ago he was married 
to Miss Angela Lisbony, who since their residence in Douglas has 
taken a prominent part in the social life of the citv. Mr. Richardson 



172 W H O ' S W H O 

is known throughout the State as an able attorney, a genial, sociable 
man, and his friends are legion. Frank M. Doan came to Arizona in 
1888, his destination having been the hottest place in the State, where 
his father was interested in an irrigation project. He attended the 
common schools and afterward went to Leland Stanford University, 
where he was graduated with the degree LL. B. in 1901 and admit- 
ted to practice in the State of California. In 1903 he was admitted 
to practice before the Supreme Court of Arizona and became asso- 
ciated with Messrs. Hereford & Hazzard, of Tucson, where he re- 
mained until he came to Douglas, in March, 1907. Mr. Doan is a 
member of the Elks and Masons, and while in college was a member 
of the Phi Delta Phi, a legal fraternity. He was recently married to 
Miss Florence H. House, who has been identified with the social life 
of Douglas for several years. The firm of Richardson & Doan has 
been eminently successful and the relationship of the partners most 
pleasant, but at the beginning of 1913 the partnership was dissolved, 
and Mr. Doan entered into partnership with his father, Fletcher M. 
Doan, of Tombstone, while Mr. Richardson has continued his general 
practice in Douglas. 



SELIM M. FRAXKLIX was born in San Bernardino, California, 
October 19th, 1859. He is a son of Maurice A. Franklin, one of 
the pioneer merchants of California, who came there in 1849 from 
Liverpool, England. His mother was Miss Victoria Jacobs. Mr. 
Franklin was educated in California and was graduated from the 
State University in 1882, then entered the law department of the 
same institution, from which he was graduated in 1883 and was ad- 
mitted to the Bar of California the same year. He then came to 
Tucson and commenced the practice of law. He was elected to the 
Thirteenth Territorial Legislature, and during the session he was 
active in behalf of the Bill creating the University of Arizona, was 
instrumental in having the same passed, and served as a member of 
the Board of Regents for a number of years. In 1886 Mr. Franklin 
was City Attorney of Tucson and was Assistant United States Attor- 
ney for a time. He was also a member of the Capitol Site Commis- 
sion who selected the site for the present Capitol in Phoenix. Mr. 
Franklin is the only surviving member of the Pima County repre- 
sentation to the Territorial Convention which nominated Mark 
Smith for his first term in Congress. He is now practicing law and 
has been in Tucson since 1883. He is a member of the Masons and 
Elks, also of the Old Pueblo Club of Tucson. His wife was Miss 
Henrietta Herring, daughter of the late Colonel William Herring of 
Tucson, one of the ablest attorneys of Arizona. They have four 
children, Marjorie, Gladys, Mary Inslee and Selim Herring. 



[ N ARIZONA 



173 




Selim M. Pianklin 



174 



W H O S \V H O 



JAMES R. DUNSEATH, attorney at law and U. S. Commissioner, 
was born in Belfast, Ireland, December 20, 1873, but at the age of 
fourteen removed to Toronto, Canada, with his parents. He w r as 
educated in the Ontario Model School of Toronto, and the Collegiate 

Institute in connection with the 
University of Toronto. Mr. 
Dunseath then removed with his 
parents to Michigan, where he 
took up newspaper work and 
finished his trade as a practical 
printer. In 1898 he was gradu- 
ated from the Detroit College of 
Law with the degree of LL. B. 
He was immediately admitted 
to practice before the Supreme 
Court of Michigan, and entered 
upon the practice of his profes- 
sion in Detroit. Later he took 
the examination and was admit- 
ted to practice in Ohio, and 
forming a partnership with an- 
other attorney, made Toledo his 
headquarters. Business in con- 
nection with some mining prop- 
erties in which he was interested 
necessitated his making a trip to 
Morenci in 1902, and seeing the 
wonderful opportunities afford- 
ed in this state for a young man 
of energy and experience, he de- 
cided to make Arizona his fu- 
ture field of effort. He located 
Morenci and was admitted 



in 

to practice before the Supreme 
Court of Arizona. For about 
three years he was in charge of the Morenci Leader, which became a 
power in Graham County politics. After recovering from an attack of 
typhoid fever, his health requiring a lower altitude, he removed to 
Tucson, where he was appointed to fill a vacancy as Deputy Clerk of 
the District Court. This position he held for six months, and resigned 
to take up the practice of law in the office of Mr. Frank Hereford, 
with whom he was associated for several years. Mr. Dunseath makes 
a specialty of land and mining law, and in this, as in corporation and 
probate work, he is becoming recognized as one of the leading young 
lawyers of the Southwest. In 1910 he again became Deputy Clerk of 
the District Court, which office he resigned February 1, 1912. He 




[ N ARIZONA 



175 



was Supreme Court Reporter from 1908-1912, which position he also 
resigned upon the admission of Arizona to statehood, when he was 
appointed U. S. Commissioner at Tucson. Mr. Dunseath is a member 
of the K. of P. and Moose and an official in each, and a member of the 
local Masonic and Odd Fellows lodges. In politics he is a Republican, 
and has done excellent work for his party in both Graham and Pima 
Counties. He married Miss Irene P. Hanavan, and they have one 
son, James Elliott Dunseath. 



DAVID BENSHIMOL, attorney at law, as a result of the activity 
shown by him in behalf of the Progressive Party, has become one of 
the best known men in the state, and to him is due in large part the 
excellent showing made in the state, in Cochise County especially, by 

his party. Versatile, 
well read, possessing a 
pleasing personality and 
the ability to express 
himself clearly and for- 
cibly, he conducted a 
great campaign in his 
vicinity for the party 
with which he affiliated 
himself after the Chi- 
cago convention ; and 
despite the few years 
that he has been in Ari- 
zona, his influence was 
a decided factor in the 
showing made by the 
Bull Moose party. Mr. 
Benshimol was born in 
Boston in 1866. He is 
the son of Joshua and 
C a r o 1 i ne Nettlinger 
Benshimol, the former 
having been a merchant 
in his early days and 
later a banker. He was 
educated in Boston, was 

graduated from the University of Boston, and an honor man in his 
class. With his family he came to Douglas in 1908, and has since 
made it his home. He was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
in November of that year and has since built up a lucrative practice, 
his mastery of the Spanish language making him especially well fitted 
for practice in Southern Arizona, while his twelve years practice in 
the Boston courts and his training, particularly as a corporation law- 




176 



W H O S WHO 



yer, have stood him in good stead. Mr. Benshimol is fast making his 
way to the front ranks of Arizona attorneys. He has long been a 
member of the Masons and Odd Fellows, and has become well known 
in the local lodges. In 1891 Mr. Benshimol was married to Miss 
Edith E. Tanner, of Minneapolis, Minn. 



SYLVESTER W. PURCELL, one of the prominent attorneys of Tucson 
and Probate Court Judge of Pima County for two terms, was born at 
Baxter Springs, Kansas, May 3, 1870. The Purcells came to America 
in 1664, and located in Virginia. Their descendants are numerous in 

the Southern States, especial- 
ly Virginia and Kentucky, of 
which last named state 
Judge Purcell's father and 
grandfather were natives. His 
brother, Dr. W. B. Purcell, 
practiced for many years in 
Tucson. His mother, Mary 
Walden Purcell, was a na- 
tive of Virginia, and his 
grandmother, Eliza Clay 
Walden, was a first cousin of 
Henry Clay. In 1880 the 
family removed to Denver, 
Colo., where Judge Purcell 
attended the public schools, 
and also took up the study of 
law. With a few other law 
students he organized a class 
of which he was president, 
and the school was conducted 
in the Maish building of the 
University of Denver. In 
1894 Dr." Purcell and family 
moved to Texas, where 
Judge Purcell continued his 
studies, and was admitted to 
practice before the Supreme 
Court of the state in 1895. 
The following year he came 
to Tucson, where he has 
since been engaged in practice. He was elected Probate Judge in the 
year 1897, assuming office January 1st, 1898. At the expiration of his 
first term he was nominated by acclamation and re-elected. Judge 
Purcell is attorney, counselor and financial agent for several large 
corporations doing business in Arizona and Western States, and is 




IN ARIZONA 



177 



personally interested in important mining properties in the southern 
part of the state. 

As an attorney he is considered among the foremost of Arizona. He 
is a good judge of law as well as of men, and conducts all business 
with a strict regard to a high standard of professional ethics. As a 
Democrat he takes a prominent and influential part in political affairs 
and is active in public life, and above all a booster for his home city, 
Tucson, and for Arizona. 




T'horwald Larson 

THORWALD LARSON, attorney at law, was born in Levon, Utah, 
January 6, 1871. He is the son of George and Hannah Thompson 
Larson. Mr. Larson was educated at Salt Lake Seminary and the 
University of Uiah, and was a resident of that state until 1902, when 
he came to Arizona. When he was only 18 years of age he took his 
first position, as railroad clerk, which he held for three years, and at 
the age of 21 years he entered the office of Lessenger & Loaroff, at 
Ogden, to take up the study of law, and practiced successfully in the 
inferior courts of Weber County, Utah, during his student days. A 
year after coming to this state he made Holbrook his home, and he has 
practiced in Navajo County since that time. His reputation meantime 
has gradually become known far beyond the limits of his resident 
county, and his ability in his profession recognized. In the fall of 
1911 he was the Democratic candidate for Judge of the Superior 



178 



WHO S WHO 



Court of Navajo. Mr. Larson has served for some years as Quarter- 
master Agent of the U. S. Army at Holbrook, but recently resigned 
that position to devote his entire time to the practice of his profession. 
He married Miss Mary H. Evarts. 



PETER C. LITTLE, well known attorney of Globe, and member of 
the firm of Rawlins & Little, was born on a farm in Catawba County, 




Peter C. Little 



N. C., September 5, 1861. He is the son of Peter Little and Eleonora 
Henkel. His father, who died during the Civil War, was a descend- 
ant of one of the colonists who came from England with William 
Penn and settled in Pennsylvania in 1682, and his great-great-grand- 
father, Peter Little, served in the Revolutionary War. His mother, 



IN ARIZONA 



179 



who is still living, is a descendant of Justus Henkel, son of Reverend 
Gerhard Henkel, who was preacher to a German Count, came to 
America in 1718, and settled at Germantown, a suburb of Philadel- 
phia, Penn. Mr. Little's great-grandfather, Reverend Paul Henkel, 
served as chaplain under Gen. Muhlenberg during the Revolution. 
Peter C. Little received his primary education in private schools in 
North Carolina, and when 18 years of age went to Fredericktown, 
Mo. There he taught in the district schools, in the meantime attend- 
ing college and being graduated from Concordia College, Mo., with 
the degree of Ph. B., in 1886. He then took up the study of law, and 

in June, 1888, was admitted to practice before all Courts of Record, 
including the Supreme Court of the State of Missouri. November 
25, 1888, he was married to Miss Julia P. Dalton, of Greenville, Mo. 
To this union an only son, Kirby D. Little, now a student in the Uni- 
versity of Southern California, was born. Owing to the ill health of 
his wife he was compelled to give up his practice in Missouri and re- 
move to Southern California, and having been admitted to practice 
before the Supreme Court of the State, followed his profession in 
Riverside and Orange counties. Here his wife died, and early in 
1901 he removed to the Clifton-Metcalf district of Arizona, and has 
been a resident of this state since, in Graham and Gila counties. In 
1903 he was married to the present Mrs. Little, who was Miss Emma 
C. Whitener, daughter of Miles W. and Catherine Whitener, of 
Castor, Mo. Always a stanch Democrat, though not much of a poli- 
tician, Mr. Little has held official positions in each of the states in 
which he has lived since maturity, having been Commissioner of Pub- 
lic Schools of Wayne County, Mo.; Attorney of Orange County, 
Cal., and in 1903 was elected by an overwhelming majority Judge of 
the Probate Court of Graham County, and in 1905 re-elected with- 
out an opponent. In January, 1907, he located at Globe, where he 
entered into the present partnership with Charles L. Rawlins, former 
District Attorney of Graham County. The firm from the beginning 
has been successful, and has a large and lucrative practice in corpora- 
tion, civil and probate cases, and its members are recognized among 
the leading attorneys of Gila County. He was a delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention at Baltimore in 1912. 



WILLIAM S. FURMAN, attorney at law, Phoenix, though but a re- 
cent arrival in this state, has already gained recognition as an able 
lawyer and a man of affairs. He was born at Lockington, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 8, 1874. His mother was Fannie Gaskil, and his father 
George H. Furman. Mr. Furman is another example of the type of 
man who will always make an enviable record wherever they may 
reside. After completing his school course in 1893, he taught school 



180 



W H O S WHO 



in Ohio until 1898, and then became editor of the Ottawa Gazette, 
in Ohio. During this time he took an active interest in athletics and 
one time broke the world's record for bicycle riding a distance of 
fifteen miles. Having studied law and been admitted to practice in 
his native state, he gradually turned his attention to politics, was 
elected City Solicitor and Prosecuting Attorney at Sidney, in which 
capacity he served from 1905 to 1909. When elected to the former 
position he had the largest majority ever recorded for any official 
candidate in that city. He was elected on the Democratic ticket by a 
majority of 436, while at the same election the Mayor elected was a 
Republican and received a majority of 408. In the campaign of 1908 




William S. Furmam 



Mr. Furman wielded much influence in the Democratic party, and 
was organizer and president of the Shelby County Bryan Club, which 
had over a thousand members, and during that campaign he made a 
great many speeches throughout the state. Later he became assistant 
general counsel for the Western Ohio Electric Company. He came to 
Arizona April 1, 1911, and has since organized the Salt River Valley 
Electric Company, of which he was general counsel for five months. 
He then resigned in order to devote his entire attention to his increas- 
ing private practice. Mr. Furman married Miss Mar> r Emma Enyart, 
and they have two sons, Otto Wendel and Bryan Enyart Furman. 



IN ARIZONA 



181 




Dr Ira Erven Huffman 



182 WHO'S WHO 

IRA ERVEN HUFFMAN, Mayor of Tucson, Member of the State 
Board of Medical Examiners, and one of the ablest physicians in 
Arizona, is the son of John W. Huffman, First Lieutenant of 
Indiana Volunteers during the Civil War. Dr. Huffman 
was born near Versailles, Indiana, on the 13th day of March, 1870. 
Later in the year the family moved to Iowa, where Dr. Huffman was 
educated in the public schools, afterward being graduated from Drake 
University, Des Moines, Iowa. His first position was that of teacher in 
the schools of Iowa. Later he entered the Medical Department of 
Drake, from which he was graduated and then took up the practice 
of his profession in Utah. He came to Arizona several years ago and 
has been eminently successful in the new state. At the annual con- 
vention of the State Medical Association held at Globe, May 21, 1913, 
Dr. Huffman was elected president of the association for the ensuing 
year. He is also captain of the Medical Corps of the Arizona 
National Guards. In addition to these offices Dr. Huffman has been 
City Councilman, and is at present serving his second term as Mayor, 
having been re-nominated without opposition. He is a member of the 
Masons, Odd Fellows, Knight of Pythias and Fraternal Brotherhood; 
he is now Past Noble Grand of the Odd Fellows and Past Deputy 
Grand Master of the Beaver District of Utah. Mrs. Huffman, who 
was formerly Miss Edith Gillmore, is also a daughter of an officer in 
the U. S. Army during the Civil War, her father being Isaac Gill- 
more, First Lieutenant of the 2nd Iowa Cavalry. 



FRANCIS EPPES SHINE, Surgeon, head of the Copper Queen medi- 
cal Corps and Chief Surgeon of the El Paso & Southwestern Railroad 
System, was born in St. Augustine, Fla., in January, 1871. He is the 
son of William Francis and Maria Jefferson Eppes Shine, and great- 
great-grandson of Thomas Jefferson. Dr. Shine was graduated from 
the University of Virginia in 1895, and from the New York Hospital 
in 1899. He was Instructor and Chief of Clinic of the Medical 
Department of Cornell University, New York, 1901 to 1903. Under 
his jurisdiction the Copper Queen Hospital, at Bisbee, has become one 
of the finest in the state. Dr. Shine is recognized not only for his 
professional ability, which is unexcelled, but also for the political 
influence which he wields. He has been an important factor in the 
progressive Democracy of the state for some time, and during the past 
summer his strength in this line was shown by his election as delegate 
to the National Convention at Baltimore. Dr. Shine is a member of 
the Arizona Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution and a 
member of the present Board of State Medical Examiners, to which 
he was appointed by Governor Hunt. He was married in August, 
1904, to Miss Anne Barker, and they make their home at Warren. 
They have an interesting family consisting of Francis Eppes, Jr., 
Randolph Eppes and Elizabeth Eppes. 



IN ARIZONA 



183 




Dr. Hiram W. Fenner 



184 WHO'S WHO 

HIRAM W. FENNER, M. D., is a resident of Tucson, but widely 
known beyond the confines of his city and county.. Dr. Fenner is the 
son of Hiram and Elizabeth Myers Fenner, both natives of Pennsyl- 
vania, who later lived in Bucyrus, Ohio. In the latter town Dr. 
Fenner was born in 1859. His ancestry on both sides is German, but 
his father's family were early settlers of Pennsylvania. Dr. Fenner 
was educated in the public schools of Bucyrus and was graduated 
from the high school in 1876. The same year he began the study of 
medicine in Terra Haute, and subsequently entered the Medical Col- 
lege of Ohio now the University of Cincinnati from which he was 
graduated in 1881. He then came to Arizona and was appointed phy- 
sician for the Copper Queen Mining Company at Bisbee, where he 
remained until 1883. In the latter year he located in Tucson, engaged 
in private practice, and during the years that have intervened, his skill, 
his strict adherence to professional ethics, and his genial, tactful man- 
ner have won for him a warm place in the hearts of the many who 
are known as his friends and patrons. Besides attending to his general 
practice Dr. Fenner has for many years been division surgeon for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company. He has also been regent of the 
University of Arizona and member of the Board of Library Commis- 
sioners w T hich superintended the erection of the Carnegie Library. In 
politics he is a Republican. He has been associated for years w r ith the 
Arizona Medical Society. Dr. Fenner was married near San Fran- 
cisco to Miss Ida Hemme, a native of California. 



G. F. MANNING, M. D., of Flagstaff, Arizona, is the pioneer medi- 
cal man of the state, while his son, Thomas Peyton Manning, County 
Health Officer of Coconino County, is one of the youngest practicing 
physicians in Arizona. Dr. G. F. Manning was born in Huntsville, 
Alabama, October 27, 1837, his father, P. F. Manning, being a well 
known Southern planter, while another of his ancestors, A. R. Man- 
ning, was Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama for a 
number of years. Dr. Manning's first venture was as a soldier of the 
Confederacy in the Third Alabama Infantry. He joined as private 
and was retired with the commission of First Lieutenant, and was In- 
spector of Artillery in Lee's Corps. He is a graduate of the Medical 
Department of the University of Alabama, having received his diploma 
in 1869. He practiced for a time in Texas and served as member of 
the Board of Medical Examiners. He came to Arizona shortly after- 
wards and has since taken an active part in political and social life of 
the state. He makes a specialty of gynecology and treatment of child- 
ren's diseases, in which he has been exceptionally successful. He has 
taken a prominent part in different medical associations and has held 
prominent and official positions in both state and county organizations, 
and served on the last Territorial Board of Medical Examiners of 
Arizona. 



IN ARIZONA 



185 




186 WHO'S WHO 

DR. THOMAS PEYTON MANNING, County Health Officer, comes 
from a line of physicians, and numbers among his ancestors some of 
the most prominent medical men of the Old Dominion State in the 
pioneer days. His father, G. F. Manning, is the pioneer medical man 
of Arizona, and during the time he has been practicing in Arizona, 
more than twenty-five years, has always been noted for his ability, 
ethical deportment and strict integrity. Dr. G. F. Manning has been 
on the State Health Examining Board for fourteen years, has held 
important positions in the Medical Association of Northern Arizona, 
and is a member of the National Organization. Like his father, 
Thomas Peyton Manning received his degree from the Medical De- 
partment of the University of Alabama, and to him belongs the dis- 
tinction of having been the youngest practicing physician in the state, 
having taken the examination for license to practice at the age of 
twenty-two, and he is by far the youngest to hold this important posi- 
tion. He married Miss Frances Josephine Henry, the daughter of a 
prominent insurance man of Oklahoma, and to the union has been 
born one son, Frank Henry. Dr. Manning is a member of the Elks 
and Masons, and is examining physician for several fraternal orders, 
including the Modern Woodmen and Moose, and of several important 
life insurance companies. Like his father, he is a hard worker, a close 
student, and is recognized as one of the ablest young physicians in the 
state. 

DR. GEORGE FELIX MANNING, JR., was born in El Paso, Texas, 
but has spent most of his life in Arizona. He is in charge of the 
County Poor Farm and Hospital of Coconino County, which position 
he has held for some time. He practices with his father and brother, 
and is known as one of the able surgeons of the northern part of the 
state. He is a member of the County, State and International Medi- 
cal Associations ; also belongs to the Northern Arizona Medical So- 
ciety. 

ALFRED G. KINGSLEY, M. D., superintendent of the Insane Asy- 
lum, was born at Ripley, N. Y., September 16, 1876, and is the son 
of Emmett T. and Harriett Cosgrove Kingsley. Dr. Kingsley spent 
his early life in New York State, where he was educated in the public 
schools, and Westfield Academy, later attending the University of 
Michigan. He took up the study of medicine in the University of 
Buffalo, from which he graduated in 1901, and at once began the 
practice of his profession in his native town, remaining there until 
1905. In the latter year he removed to Arizona, located in Nogales, 
where he again took up the practice of medicine and remained until 
appointed to his present position. During that time he built up an 
excellent practice and became one of the most eminent and popular 
physicians of the county. He also served as City Health Officer of 
Nogales, and Superintendent of Public Health for Santa Cruz Coun- 
ty. In April, 1912, Dr. Kingsley assumed the position of superin- 
tendent of the insane asylum, and during his first year in this position, 



IN ARIZONA 



187 




Dr. Alfred G. Kingsley 



188 



W H O S WHO 



demonstrated his fitness for the same and the wisdom of the choice in 
making him superintendent, his ability and thoroughness in the man- 
agement of the institution having been quite notable. An active mem- 
ber of the Masons and Odd Fellows, he is well known fraternally. 
On December 19, 1901, Dr. Kingsley was married in New York to 
Miss Martha Hitchcock, a cultivated and charming woman. They 
have one daughter, Marjorie. 




Dr. Van Archibald Smelker 

DR. VAN ARCHIBALD SMELKER was born at Dodgeville, Wis., on 
September 11, 1882. He is the son of Jesse Patterson and Mary 
Elizabeth (Green) Smelker. He married Marie Wrotnowski of 
Nogales, whose father was a colonel in the American Civil War. Dr. 
Smelker is a graduate of the medical department of the Northwestern 
University at Chicago, and had two years experience in Wessley Hos- 
pital, in the same city, as an interne. He served as an assistant in 
the Southern Pacific hospitals in Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico, being 
for one year under the famous surgeon, Dr. George Goodfellow. He 
is classed as a very successful surgeon, and is local surgeon for the S. 
P. of Mexico and for St. Joseph's Hospital. 



IN ARIZONA 189 

FRANCIS H. REDEWILL, Physician and Surgeon, is an excellent ex- 
ample of the advantages gained by thorough preparation in one's 
profession or life work. He was born in Virginia City, Nevada, in 
1879, but as the family removed to California a few years later, it 
was in that State he received his fundamental education. He attended 
the common schools and was graduated from the Vallejo High school 
in the class of 1898; four years later, having completed the course in 
the College of Chemistry, he received a B. S. degree from the Uni- 
versity of California. He matriculated at Johns Hopkins Medical 
College in the fall of 1902, and in 1906 received his diploma there, 
standing third in a class of more than one hundred. As a further 
preparation for his work he then acted as interne in the Roosevelt and 
Methodist Hospitals, New York, after which he took a special course 
of study in Europe. Returning to America, he went to Fort Bayard, 
New Mexico, where he did research work in tuberculosis at the 
Government Hospital and later took a special summer course at the 
Manhattan Hospital, New York. In all of his work he has made a 
particular study of diseases of the nose, throat and lungs. After a 
year's work in the office of Dr. Wylie, of Phoenix, he opened his 
own office at No. 118 North First Avenue, that city, where he has 
since practiced. In ^pril, 1911, Dr. Redewill married Miss Helen 
Beatrice Munn in Paris. The Redewill family have taken a promi- 
nent part in the social, civic and professional life of Phoenix, all being 
well known musicians and members of the Redewill Music Company. 
Dr. Redewill during one summer vacation while a medical student 
played a clarionet in the Marine Band of Washington, doing solo 
M'ork. One brother is a violinist of note and composer, and his 
sister is taking an advanced course in music abroad. Of the remaining 
two brothers, one is a graduate of the University of California in 
Electrical Engineering, a cornet soloist, and President of Redewill 
Music Company, while the youngest is a graduate of the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music, Boston, and expert tuner of pianos and 
pipe organs. His parents are also \vell known in musical circles. His 
maternal grandfather, Anson Clark, was a California "Forty-niner." 
His paternal grandmother was one of the pioneer educators of Bos- 
ton. His grandfather, a marine merchant, having lost his life on one 
of his own ships sailing between South America and France, his 
grandmother brought their son, Augustus Redewill, to America, 
where he was given an excellent education. He became one of the 
pioneer business men of Phoenix, having founded the Redewill Music 
Company more than thirty years ago. The paternal grandfather of 
Augustus Redewill knew Napoleon intimately and was a captain in 
his army. During his school and college career Dr. Redewill held 
several track records and was with the U. of C. team that in 1902 
won in the North and East from Princeton and Yale. He is a mem- 
ber of the National Medical Association, National Society for the 



190 



W H O S WHO 





_ ** * 



Dr. Francis H. Redewill 



IN ARIZONA 



191 



Prevention of Tuberculosis, National Geographic Society, National 
Municipal League, Young Men's Phoenix Club, and Elks; alumnus 
of Johns Hopkins and U. of C. His preparation for his work has 
been most thorough, his office one of the most finely equipped in the 
Southwest, is especially fitted for the treatment of the ear, nose and 
throat as well as for general medical and surgical work. 




Dr. C. W. Suit 

DR. C. W. SULT, Flagstaff, Arizona, is a native of Virginia, and 
was born at Wytheville, July 26, 1879. His maternal ancestors were 
German, and his paternal French, the latter having taken up their resi- 
dence in the southwestern section of Virginia soon after the War of 
1812, and have since been closely associated with the interests of the 
State. Dr. Suit was educated in Virginia for the most part, but in 
1906, was graduated from the Georgetown University, Washington, 
D. C. He first practiced his profession in the latter city, and then 
came to Arizona as physician to the Navajo Indians, having come 
here from Washington on account of his wife's health. In July, 
1910, he removed to Flagstaff, where he has built up a splendid 
private practice, and is recognized in that vicinity as one of the able 
physicians of Arizona. Mrs. Suit was formerly Miss Nellie Mc- 
Grath, of Washington, D. C. They have three very attractive 
children, Alice, Francis Preston and Charles William, Jr. 



192 



WHO S WHO 




Dr. Alexander M. Tuthill 



ALEXANDER M. TUTHILL, M. D., Physician and Surgeon for the 
Arizona Copper Company, was born at South Lebanon, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 22, 1871, but as the family removed to California when he 
was but six years old, he was reared and educated in that State. He is 
the son of W. H. and Christina Mackenzie Tuthill, the latter a native 
of Scotland. Having been graduated from the high school, Dr. Tut- 
hill determined to devote his life to medicine, and entered the medical 
department of the University of Southern California, at Los Angeles, 
from which he was graduated in 1895, and for the following three 
years engaged in the practice of his profession in Los Angeles, where 
he met with encouraging success. He was then offered the position of 
physician for the Detroit Copper Mining Company of Arizona, at 
Morenci, which he accepted, and Morenci has since been his home. 
In January, 1901, he became Chief Surgeon for the Arizona Copper 
Company at Morenci, and also had charge of the Longfellow Hospi- 
tal at that place. Dr. Tuthill is Commanding Colonel in the First In- 



IN ARIZONA 



193 



fantry, N. G. A. In politics he is a Democrat, and interested in the 
party workings, but not with a view to holding office. He is a mem- 
ber of the Arizona Medical Association and of the Masonic Order. 
He is also interested in mining, having claims in the Copper Mountain 
District, and in New Mexico. Dr. Tuthill was married in 1896 in 
California to Miss May E. Heinman, daughter of Richard Heinman 
of Los Angeles. 




Dr. Lewis A. Burtch 

LEWIS A. BURTCH, M. D., of Clifton, was born in Morrison, Illi- 
nois, June 16, 1875, his parents, J. M. and Phoebe Wood Burtch, 
having settled there many years ago. Dr. Burtch was educated in the 
public schools and after his graduation from high school, took a busi- 
ness course. Subsequently he entered Rush Medical College, Chicago, 
from which he was graduated in 1897, then devoting considerable time 
to dispensary and clinic work, he secured a most thorough and practi- 
cal experience in dealing with the variety of work afforded in the 
hospital of a large city. In October, 1897, he came to Clifton, opened 
an office, and in his practice has been successful from the beginning, 
and has built up an extensive practice. Politically, Dr. Burtch is a 
Democrat. He is a member of the Blue Lodge Masons, Knights of 
Pythias, Spanish-American Alliance, A. O. U. W., and B. P. O. E., 
of which he is Past Exalted Ruler. Dr. Burtch married Miss Mar- 
garet E. Stark, of Benton Harbor, Michigan. 



194 



W H O S WHO 




Dr. John Rowland Whiteside 



IN ARIZONA 



195 



JOHN ROWLAND WHITESIDE, Physician and Surgeon, Kingman, 
Arizona, was born at Troy, Illinois, November 19, 1851. His par- 
ents were Abigail Hall and James Whiteside. He was educated in 
Chicago University, and studied medicine at St. Louis Medical Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated. Dr. Whiteside is eminent in his 
profession in Arizona, is local surgeon for the Santa Fe R. R. Co.. 
the Goldroads Mining Company, and the Needles Mining and 
Smelting Company. 




Dr. W. P. Chenowith 



Dr. Harry W. Purdy 



DR. HARRY W. PURDY, practicing physician in Nogales for almost 
thirty years, and one of the leading men in the profession in Southern 
Arizona, is a native of Florida. He was born in Quincy, February 9, 
1860, and is the son of Elijah and Elizabeth Johnson Purdy. Dr. 
Purdy was graduated in 1882 from what was then known as the 
Medical College of Bellevue Hospital, New York, and after gradua- 
tion served one year as interne in that famous hospital and the experi- 
ences of that year have been of great value in his life work. He then 
came to Arizona as chief surgeon for the Silver King mine in Pinal 
County, and after about six months w T as persuaded to remove to 
Nogales as surgeon for the Santa Fe, now the S. P. of Sonora. This 
was in 1884. He is now consulting physician and surgeon for all rail- 
roads in Mexico south of Nogales. For almost twenty years he has 
been a partner of Dr. Chenowith 's, and is also associated with Dr. 
Gustetter in the Mira Monte Sanitarium. Dr. Purdy married Miss 
Josefa Vasquez, a Mexican woman of distinguished lineage. 



196 



W H O S WHO 



DR. W. F. CHEXOWITH, one of the pioneer physicians of Nogales, 
is a native of Rose County, Ohio, where he was born in 1865. He 
was educated in his native state and was graduated from the medical 
department of the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Chenowith has been 
a resident of Nogales for twenty-three years, during which he has ac- 
quired an excellent practice and been eminently successful in his work. 
Dr. Chenowith is also County Superintendent of Health and surgeon 
for the Southern Pacific Company north of the international line. He 
is a member of the American Medical Association. He is married and 
has three children. 



LAWSON WELCH DOWNS, DD. S., Douglas, was born in Blooming- 
ton, Illinois. Hav- 
ing received the ad- 
vantages of modern 
high school train- 
ing and two years 
work in De Pauw 
University, in 
1902, he began the 
study of dentistry 
at the Indiana 
Dental College, of 
Indianapolis, from 
which he was grad- 
uated in 1905. He 
at once came to 
Arizona to prac- 
tice his profession 
and established an 
office in Douglas, 
where he has since 
p.r a c t i c e d. Dr 
Downs has built 
up a reputation in 
excellent w r ork and 
thereby a large pat- 
ronage, which is 
constantly increas- 
ing. He is a char- 
ter member, and at 

present Vice President of the Arizona State Dental Society. Fra- 
ternally he is very well known, being Past Master of the Mount 
Moriah Lodge No. 19, F. & A. M., a member of the Bisbee Com- 
mandery of Knights Templar and of El Zaribah Temple Mystic 
Shrine of Phoenix. He is also a member of the B. P. O. E. of Douglas. 




IN ARIZONA 



197 



The Valley Bank 

THE VALLEY BANK was organized in 1883 with a capital of $50,- 
000, and Colonel William Christy as cashier. In four years, how- 
ever, the capital was increased to $100,000, and in 1890 Colonel 
Christy w T as chosen its president, which position he held until the time 
of his death. At that time included in its directorate were E. J. Ben- 
nitt, now president, and Lloyd B. Christy, now cashier. This bank 
occupies the only exclusive banking building in the city, which is of 
colonial architecture and strictly modern in all its appointments. It is 
constructed of reinforced concrete. During the life of The Valley 
Bank it has been the constant aim of its management to aid in the up- 
building of the state and city, and there one is accorded the utmost 
courtesy in every department. In the five years elapsing from 1907 to 
1912, the deposits of The Valley Bank increased from less than $600,- 
000 to more than two and one-half millions, and having a capital and 
surplus of $250,000, The Valley Bank is unquestionably the largest 
bank in the state. This was the first bank in Phoenix to open a 
savings department, and for the five years in which this department 
has been in operation over seven hundred thousand dollars have been 
deposited in it, and the depositors number over thirty-five hundred, 
which is due evidence of public confidence and appreciation. Its of- 
ficers at present are : E. J. Bennitt, president ; John R. Hampton and 
John Ormsby, vice presidents; Lloyd B. Christy, cashier, and S. H. 
Stewart and Lebbeus Chapman, assistant cashiers. These officers, 
with a strong board of directors, and the confidence which the bank 
now enjoys insures for it many years of continued prosperity. 



COLONEL WILLIAM CHRISTY was a man of the noblest and strong- 
est character, and no man among Arizona's makers had a wider vision 
of her possibilities or a stronger faith in her future. For this reason, 
there were in those days, none who needed to be sustained in their 
hope of ultimate reward, aided through financial straits, or encouraged 
in any way in their work in early time Arizona, who did not receive 
help, if fortune brought them in contact with Colonel William 
Christy. His beautiful country home, one and one-half miles out of 
Phoenix, was ever conducted on a most generous plan, and here the 
old-fashioned traditional hospitality was dispensed. Around his board 
one met the man of affairs who needed counsel, the stranger who 
needed to be made welcome, and the young person who needed the 
protection of home affiliations in the new country not occasionally 
but in the regular course of living, as the habit of the home was to 
entertain in this whole-souled, cordial manner. Colonel Christy plan- 
ned and worked with dauntless courage and purpose, along every line 



198 



W H O 



W H O 




1 



IN ARIZONA 199 

of development of the commonwealth, and he was the maker of the 
Valley Bank, the greatest financial institution in the state, of which 
his son, Lloyd Bennett Christy is at present cashier. 

Colonel Christy was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, February 14, 
1841, and was thirteen years of age when the family settled on a farm 
near Osceola, Iowa. There he finished his education and began to 
teach school at the age of seventeen. At the age of twenty he was a 
member of a regiment organized to protect the border in the Civil 
War. During the war he was injured a number of times and spent 
three months in a hospital at Newman, Ga., and for more than three 
years >"^ter his return home he was obliged to carry his left arm in a 
sling. Colonel Christy obtained his first banking experience in H. C. 
Sigler s Bank in Osceola, where he remained five years, and of which 
he became cashier. He then served a term as Treasurer of the State of 
Iow r a, at the close of which he became cashier and a director of the 
Capital City Bank of Des Moines, and while in this position assisted 
in organizing the Merchants National Bank of that city. Owing to 
poor health, about that time Colonel Christy found it desirable to 
seek a more genial climate, and in 1882 he came to Arizona. He pur- 
chased a ranch near Prescott, where he lived eighteen months, during 
which he regained his health. He then purchased a farm west of 
Phoenix, consisting of 440 acres, and on this he made his home until 
the time of his death. He was actively interested in farming and 
stock raising, and realizing the need of irrigation, he was director in 
three canal companies and vice president of the Arizona Canal Com- 
pany. In the matter of fruit raising Colonel Christy was a pioneer 
and demonstrated that a fine grade of oranges and peaches could be 
grown in the Salt River Valley, and was thus instrumental in develop- 
ing an industry that has grown with each passing year. He was, in 
fact, a potent factor in the advancement of Arizona, the industries as 
well as the financial inte ?sts having been benefiitted by his sound 
judgment and wise foresight. Religious, philanthropic and educa- 
tional movements, too, have been the beneficiaries of his constant re- 
gard and their welfare been promoted by his watchful oversight. In 
politics Colonel Christy was a steadfast Republican, and he served as 
Territorial Treasurer under Governor Irwin, and t\vice he was chosen 
Chairman of the Territorial Republican Committee. In the years to 
come when Arizona shall have forged ahead to a position of eminence 
and have attained to a higher rank among the states of the union, the 
name of Colonel William Christy will be given a high place in the 
archives of its history and his influence upon the material and moral 
interests of the country will be thoroughly recognized by an apprecia- 
tive posterity. On August 22, 1866, Colonel Christy married Miss 
Carrie E. Bennett, a native of Illinois and to the couple were born 
five children, of whom Lloyd B. is the oldest. The other members oi 
the family are George, Shirley, Carroll and Carrie. 



200 



WHO S WHO 



E. J. BENNITT, the president, has been connected with the bank 
since its organization, being called to the presidency in 1907. His 
able and conservative management has been materially felt in the 
growth of the bank. He was born in New York State in 1853, and 
completed his college education at Union College, Schnectady, N. Y. 
At his graduation as a civil engineer he came to Arizona by ox teams 
across the plains in 1875. From that time until 1883 he engaged in 
various occupations, principally mining, farming and merchandizing, 
when he came to Phoenix w r ith Colonel Christy and joined him in 
organizing the Valley Bank. Air. Bennitt was also one of the organ- 
izers of The Phoenix National Bank. Mr. Bennitt has always taken 
an active interest in the development of the section and is the head of 
a large realty company. 



LLOYD B. CHRISTY, cashier of the Valley Bank and Mayor of Phoe- 
nix, is one of the best known bankers in the state, and has had 
numerous honorary positions in the different bankers' associations of 
which he is a member. At present he is the treasurer of the State 
Bankers' Association. Mayor Christy is the oldest son of Col. Wil- 
liam Christy, head of the Christy family in Arizona, and like his dis- 
tinguished father, is a man of high ideals and great force of character, 
and has the confidence and esteem of all with whom he comes in con- 
tact in business, official or social life. He is practically in charge of 
the Valley Bank, the greatest financial institution in Arizona, and it 
is due to the Christy family's influence that the institution has 
reached its present exalted position. 

Lloyd Bennett Christy was born in Osceola, Iowa, and received 
his early education in the schools of that state, having been graduated 
( rom the Des Moines High School. The excellent training of the 
owa schools was supplemented by a course in the University of Cali- 
fornia, from which institution he w T as graduated, being among 
those receiving high honors. Mr. Christy is one of the leaders in the 
civic life of Phoenix. As Mayor he has made an excellent record, 
introduced a number of reforms, established a system of economies, 
and judiciously directed expenditures. As a result Phoenix is one 
of the best governed, and in many w T ays one of the most attractive, 
cities in the country today. Gambling and vice have been practically 
stamped out, and civic reform has reached a high stage owing to 
Mayor Christy's strict enforcement of the laws. As a scion of this 
most noted pioneer family he is a prominent factor in the social life 
of Arizona, and his beautiful home on Center street is presided over 
by one of Phoenix's most popular and estimable matrons, Mrs. Mary 
E. Culver Christy, a descendant of another prominent family of 
Arizona. Mr. and Mrs. Christy were united in marriage December 
25, 1898, and to the union have been born four attractive daughters, 
Mary, Doris, Margaret and Katherine. 



IN ARIZONA 2<01 

JOHN M. ORMSBY, vice president of the Valley Bank, has been 
connected with western commercial enterprises since his early boyhood. 
He started in as letter boy for the Wells Fargo Express Company at 
Sacramento, spending some years with the company and being pro- 
moted several times until he attained the position of express messenger. 
He then took up railroading as assistant paymaster of the Southern 
Pacific Company at San Francisco, continued with this corporation for 
a number of years until he accepted a position with the Western 
Union Telegraph Co., and came to Arizona in 1887 to become man- 
ager of their office at Tucson. For twenty years he remained with 
this corporation. He resigned his position with the Western Union to 
become cashier of the Arizona National Bank, of Tucson, and for 
sixteen years was a prominent figure in the commercial and financial 
life of the Old Pueblo. For a number of years he had been a heavy 
stockholder in the Valley Bank, and a member of its board of directors, 
but did not take an active part in its management until early in 1913, 
when he was elected vice president, removed his family to Phoenix, 
and has since been assisting in the active management of the largest 
bank in the state. During his long residence in Arizona, Mr. Ormsby 
has been a leader in all affairs pertaining to the educational develop- 
ment of the state and served as a member of the Board of Regents un- 
der four different governors. He was the second secretary appointed 
to the University of Arizona, and his work has been instrumental in 
the upbuilding of this institution. Despite his activity as an educa- 
tor, banker and businessman, Mr. Ormsby is best known for the part 
he has taken in the fraternal life of Arizona, having been Past Grand 
Master, Past Grand High Priest, Past Grand Commander of the 
Knights Templar of Arizona, and six times he has been Master of 
Tucson Lodge 4, F. & A. M. Mr. Ormsby is a native of the Key- 
stone State, having been born at Greensburg, Pennsylvania, October 
9, 1851. His parents were John S. and Jane Hindman Ormsby. He 
was united in marriage to Miss Ella Gorham, member of a prominent 
old New England family, and to Mrs. Ormsby 's influence and assist- 
ance is largely due the success attained by Mr. Ormsby. 



JOHN R. HAMPTON, attorney, banker and cattleman, chosen as one 
of the electors to cast the first ballot for the State of Arizona for 
president, has been prominent in the affairs of this state since he came 
here twelve years ago. He was born in Pantatoc, Mississippi, in 1865, 
his parents, John W. and Louise Hudson Hampton, being descendants 
of well known Southern families. After having received the benefit of 
the public schools he was graduated from the University of Mississippi, 
afterwards attending Georgetown University, from which he was 
graduated with an LL. B. degrees in 1890. He spent several years in 
Washington, D. C., where he held different positions, and came to 
Clifton in 1901. Here he engaged in the real estate business, as well 



202 WHO'S WHO 

Clifton, although he owns considerable farming land in the Yuma 
Valley. He served the Territory as a member of the lower house, and 
two years later was elected to the Council, where he took a prominent 
part in the deliberations of his party. He was chosen out of a large 
as the practice of his profession. His realty holdings are chiefly about 




John R. Hampton 

field as a candidate for presidential elector and was elected by a large 
majority. Mr. Hampton is vice president and a director of the 
Valley Bank of Phoenix, and also a stockholder in the First National 
Bank of Clifton. He is a member of the Masons and Elks. 



SIDNEY H. STEWART, assistant cashier of the Valley Bank of Phoe- 
nix, Arizona, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, January 12, 1885. 
It was in that city he received a public school education and later on 
received his commercial training in the Bryant & Stratton Commer- 
cial School. He came west in 1902, secured a position as collector in 
The Valley Bank, of Phoenix, and the fact that he is still connected 
with this institution, and has continued to advance, grade by grade to 
the responsible post of assistant cashier, demonstrates clearly that he 
has been very successful in his chosen profession. He was appointed 
to his present position in 1908. Mr. Stewart is Assistant City Treas- 
urer in Phoenix and a director of the Phoenix Board of Trade. He is 
a Mason and took a prominent part in the affairs of the order and 
held several offices until the responsibilities of his position as assistant 
cashier required so much of his time that it was necessarv for him to 



IN ARIZONA 



203 




Lebbeus Chapman 



Sidney H. Stewart 



discontinue his activities in the lodge. He organized Company A of 
the National Guard of Arizona, of which he was elected First Lieu- 
tenant, and showed such marked military ability, that he was pro- 
moted to the position of Adjutant of the Third Battalion, which he 
held for some time. He was later placed on the retired list, after 
having served seven years in the National Guard of Arizona, and dur- 
ing this period his work was such as to win the commendation of his 
superior officers. He was united in marriage to Miss Nellie E. Bat- 
tin in January, 1912, and they have one son, Sidney H. Stewart, Jr. 
Mrs. Stewart was formerly a teacher in the Phoenix Union High 
School and takes a prominent part in the social affairs of the city. 



LEBBEUS CHAPMAN, Assistant Cashier of the Valley Bank, the 
largest bank in Arizona, acquired his fundamental knowledge of bank- 
ing in the very best school the country affords, one of the large na- 
tional banks of New York City, The American Exchange National 
Bank, where he accepted a minor position w T hen but 16 years of age. 
Here he remained to advance step by step until he became Assistant 
Credit man, a position which in New York City requires not alone a 
thorough knowledge of the banking business, but a complete knowl- 
edge of conditions in general and the ability to understand mankind. 
Mr. Chapman was born in Englewood, N. J., October 6, 1877, and 



204 WHO'S WHO 

received his education in the public schools of that town and Ruther- 
ford, N. J., where his family removed when he was ten years old. 
He is the son of Nathan Allen Chapman, a direct descendant of Lieut. 
Lebbeus Chapman of the Revolutionary Army. Mr. Chapman served 
as Corporal of the 2nd Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers during 
the war with Spain, is a member of the Spanish War Veterans and 
the Sons of the American Revolution, and retired as Veteran of the 
71st Regiment of the National Guard of New York with the rank of 
Sergeant. After his return from the Spanish American War he made 
New York City his home until 1909, when he removed to Colorado, 
and in 1910 he removed from there to Cheyenne, Wyoming, in both 
of which cities he held responsible positions in large national banks. 
His best judgment, however, was gradually gaining the ascendency, 
and in March, 1911, he came to Arizona and settled in Phoenix. 
Here his eminent business qualifications soon won for him the high 
esteem of all those with whom he has come in contact and his wisdom 
is apparent from the fact that he has chosen a practically new field in 
which to give ample scope to his ability and wide experience in bank- 
ing work. Mr. Chapman was married September 17, 1902, to Miss 
Lillian Louise Bebus, and they have one daughter Lillian Louise 
Chapman. 



LEMUEL C. SHATTUCK, General Manager of the Shattuck Mine 
and President of the Miners and Merchants Bank, is a native of Erie, 
Pa., where he was born January 5, 1866. Mr. Shattuck was reared 
and educated in the vicinity of his birth and lived there until he was 
about seventeen years old. His ancestors came to America and 
were among the very old settlers of the New England colonies, and 
from there his paternal great-great-grandfather removed to Pennsyl- 
vania. It has ever been characteristic of those who bore the name 
that they succeed in the lines to which they devoted their special ener- 
gies and they have invariably been noted for enterprise and progress. 
Mr. Shattuck's maternal ancestors were among the early Holland 
settlers in Pennsylvania. At the age of seventeen, when Mr. Shat- 
tuck started out to make an independent livelihood, he landed in a 
short time in what is now Cochise County, and for several years lived 
on the plains and in the mountains, handling cattle and dealing in 
water rights and ranches. He also devoted some of his time to pros- 
pecting. He reached Bisbee in 1888, worked in the Copper Queen 
mine where he remained until 1890, when he engaged in lumbering. 
In the same year he was married to Miss Isabella Grenfell, and they 
have since made their home in Bisbee. Their family consists of four 
sons and two daughters. In addition to the business associations above 
mentioned and his interests in Sonora, Mexico, Mr. Shattuck is 
President of the Cochise Development Company, Director in the 
Bisbee Improvement Company and the Bisbee-Naco Water Com- 



IN ARIZONA 



205 




Lemuel G. Shattuck 



206 WHO'S WHO IN ARIZONA 

pany, and Treasurer and Director of the Denn Arizona Company. 
He also served as member of the first City Council of Bisbee, and of 
the Board of Supervisors of Cochise County. Politically he is a 
Democrat, and he is an active member of the B. P. O. E. Thirty 
years a resident of Arizona, the greater part of which has been spent 
in his present surroundings, and having seen the County of Cochise 
formed and develop into what it is today, Mr. Shattuck is rightfully 
reckoned one of the best informed men on all matters of importance 
of which Cochise can boast. 



The Bank of Bisbee 

THE BANK OF BISBEE, one of the largest banks in the state, and the 
first one established in Cochise County, was organized in January, 
1900, and authorized under the Territorial Bank Act to commence 
business. For some years prior to its organization the Copper Queen 
Store acted as depository, as a matter of accommodation, and in various 
capacities assumed responsibilities ordinarily assumed by banking 
houses only, until this became too heavy a tax upon their time and 
force. Then, recognizing the necessity of a safe depository for funds 
of corporations and individuals, the following gentlemen organized 
The Bank of Bisbee, which commenced business on February 19, 
1900: W. H. Brophy, J. S. Douglas, Ben Williams, J. B. Angius, and 
M. J. Cunningham. The capital stock of $50,000 was all paid in be- 
fore the bank was opened for business. Its success was immediate, as 
each member of the board of directors \vas well known in the com- 
munity, and the confidence then displayed in their integrity and ex- 
ecutive ability has been more forcibly shown with each succeeding 
year. The. Bank of Bisbee is safe, conservatively managed, meets the 
wants of its patrons as liberally as good banking customs will permit, 
and stands for all that is reliable and trustworthy. It has its own 
building designed expressly for banking purposes, in which are incor- 
porated safety deposit vaults, and which is amply protected by all the 
safeguards necessary in banking houses. The officials and directors 
stand foremost among the eminent and substantial men of Cochise 
County. Mr. Cunningham, who has been cashier since the opening of 
the bank, is one of the ablest men in banking circles in Arizona, and a 
man whose executive ability has manifested itself in many ways in his 
present position. Mr. W. H. Brophy is president and also general 
manager of the Phelps Dodge Mercantile Company. Mr. J. S. 
Douglas is vice president, and a son of Doctor James Douglas, presi- 
dent of Phelps Dodge & Co., and one of the big mining men of the 
state. The directors are: Ben Williams, J. S. Douglas, L. D. Rtck- 
etts, W. H. Brophy and M. J. Cunningham. 



20'8 



WHO S WHO 



M. J. CUNNINGHAM, cashier of The Bank of Bisbee, was born in 
San Francisco, August 9, 1873, but has been a resident of Arizona 
since 1881, when his parents, Thomas J. and Frances Cashman Cun- 
ningham, removed to the Territory and located at Tombstone. Mr. 

Cunningham was edu- 
cated in the -public 
schools of California 
and Arizona, at St. 
Vincent's College, Los 
Angeles, and St. Mich- 
ael's College, Santa Fe, 
New Mexico, from 
which he was graduat- 
ed. After leaving col- 
lege he held various 
clerical positions until 
1900. He then became 
interested in the organi- 
zation of The Bank of 
Bisbee, was elected one 
of its board of direc- 
tors, and chosen cashier 
of this bank, which po- 
sition he has since filled 
most ably. In banking 
circles, Mr. Cunning- 
ham is now counted 
among the ablest men 
in the state, and he has 
served as president of 
the Arizona Bankers' 
Association. He w r as 
also one of the original 
locators of the city of 

Douglas; is secretary and director of the Bisbee-Naco Water Com- 
pany; director of The Bank of Bisbee, The Bank of Douglas and The 
Douglas Investment Company. In politics, a Democrat, he has 
served as both chairman and secretary of the Cochise County Central 
Committee, and although actively interested in his party's workings, 
has never held an official position. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, Bisbee Council, and of Bisbee Lodge 671 B. P. 
O. E., of which he has been exalted ruler, and also District Deputy 
G. E. R. of Arizona. Mrs. Cunningham, formerly Miss Mary I. 
Goodbody, sister of Mrs. W. H. Brophy, of Bisbee, died on Decem- 
ber 24, 1912. Their family consists of three daughters and three 
sons: Ellen, Mary Isadore, Florence, M. J., Jr., Francis and William. 




I N A RI Z O N A 209 

C. O. ELLIS, Cashier of the Bank of Douglas, the leading bank of 
the Smelter City, has been a potent influence in this bank's advance- 
ment to its present high standard. On coming to Arizona in 1895 
Mr. Ellis located in Prescott, where he secured a position as book- 
keeper in the Prescott National Bank, with w T hom he was employed 
seven years, and was gradually advanced to the position of Assistant 
Cashier, so that his knowledge of the banking business in general was 
both thorough and practical, and the ability he displayed was such as 
to win for him a reputation that spread far beyond the confines of 
Yavapai. In 1902, when The Bank of Douglas was planned, Mr. 
Ellis was selected by the organizers to attend to the details of the 
organization of this institution and has since been Cashier of The 
Bank of Douglas, which was the first bank opened for business in 
the city. 

This bank was incorporated under the laws of the Territory with 
an authorized capital of $50,000, of which sum $25,000 was paid in 
before the opening of business, July 19, 1902, and shortly increased 
to $35,000. The management of The Bank of Douglas is much the 
same as that of The Bank of Bisbee, and is as follows: James S. Doug- 
las, president, and William H. Brophy, vice president. Its immedi- 
ate success was so striking as to set at rest all doubts regarding the 
stability of the town and gave to Douglas a financial standing equal 
to that of many older cities with much greater population. Its success 
has also been continuous and the business of the bank has increased 
year by year. In its directorate are some of the most prominent busi- 
ness men and capitalists of the county, whose policy has been to fur- 
nish good service, among them being the above named officials, and 
M. J. Cunningham, cashier of The Bank of Bisbee, S. F. Meguire, E. 
R. Pirtle, and F. T. Wright. The assistant cashiers are Frank H. 
Fisher and Eustice C. Piper. Its popularity has also been greatly 
enhanced by the courtesy, liberality and public spirit displayed by all 
of the officials. They transact a general banking business and have 
special facilities for financial operations in Mexico, and Northern 
Sonora in particular, and offer their services to the public with all the 
liberality consistent with the exercise of sound judgment. 

Mr. Ellis is a native of Wisconsin, and was born in Mari- 
nette in 1873, where he was educated in the public and high 
schools. His father, C. J. Ellis, was a native of Maine, who had 
removed to Wisconsin to engage in the lumber business, and before 
coming to Arizona, Mr. Ellis had been employed in a clerical position 
with a large lumber firm at his home. He is a member of the Douglas 
Water Commission, President of the Country Club, and has been 
President of the Arizona Bankers' Association. Mr. Ellis was mar- 
ried in 1897 to Miss Charlotte Wheeler, of Prescott. They have one 
daughter, Margaret. 



210 



WHO S WHO 




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2 

Q 

o 



O 



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I N A RI Z O N A 211 



The Prescott National Bank 

THE PRESCOTT NATIONAL BANK was organized and obtained its 
charter from the national government on January 25th, 1893, having 
a paid in capital of $100,000.00. F. M. Murphy was elected presi- 
dent, Morris Goldwater, vice president, and R. C. Woodruff, cashier. 

On January 25th, 1913, an extension of its charter for another 
period of twenty years was granted by the Comptroller of the Cur- 
rency. The present board of directors is composed of F. M. Murphy, 
M. Goldwater, F. G. Brecht, James A. Home, H. A. Cheverton and 
R. N. Fredericks. The officers of the bank are composed of the fol- 
lowing: R. N. Fredericks, president; M. Goldwater, first vice presi- 
dent; F. G. Brecht, second vice president; H. A. Cheverton, cashier; 
L. C. Derrick and P. H. Deming, assistant cashiers. Of the original 
organizers and members of the first board of directors, three gentlemen 
are now on the present board, namely, F. M. Murphy, Morris Gold- 
water and R. N. Fredericks. 

The Prescott National Bank, by its progressive, yet prudent and 
conservative methods, has been a large factor in the upbuilding of 
Prescott and surrounding country. The individual members of the 
board of directors are men known for their activity in the development 
of the resources of this section, particularly in railroading, mining and 
commercial pursuits, and it is due to their efforts that the Prescott Na- 
tional Bank is now one of the strongest national banks in this state. 

To the original capital of $100,000.00 it has added a surplus fund 
of $100,000.00 and undivided profits of $110,000.00, which assures 
its directors that all funds entrusted to its care are in absolutely safe 
and reliable hands and has won for the bank the confidence of its cus- 
tomers. 

The Prescott National Bank owns its solid and substantial banking 
house, one of the finest in Arizona, which is thoroughly equipped with 
fire and burglar proof vaults, safe deposit department and all modern 
conveniences, so necessary to the careful handling of its large and 
constantly growing business. 



R. N. FREDERICKS, president of The Prescott National Bank, presi- 
dent of the Bank of Jerome, and vice president of the Commercial 
Trust and Savings Bank, was born on the Island of Heligoland 
(Great Britain) on March 13th, 1855. He came to Prescott from 
San Francisco in April, 1878, since which time the City a Mile High 
has been his home. While not active in politics, he served four years 
as the Democratic member of the Territorial Board of Equalization 
under the administration of Gov. N. O. Murphy. In Masonic circles 
Mr. Fredericks has been very active, having for a number of years be- 
longed to the so-called "Old Guard". He was Grand Master of 



212 WHO'SWHO 

Masons during 1895, Grand High Priest of Royal Arch Masons 
during 1897, and Grand Commander Knights Templar during 1898, 
at present holding the office of Grand Treasurer of the Masonic 
Grand Lodge. Mr. Fredericks is also quite prominent in the affairs 
of the Arizona Bankers' Association, being elected its first president in 
1903. 



MORRIS GOLDWATER, vice president of Prescott National Bank and 
Mayor of Prescott, is also a member of the firm of M. Goldwater & 
Bros., leading merchants of the Southwest, with stores at Prescott and 
Phoenix. He is also one of Arizona's best known citizens, staunchest 
Democrats, and ablest business men. He was born in London, Eng., 
in 1852, but in 1854 his parents arrived in California, where they re- 
mained until 1861, when they came to Arizona and settled at La Paz. 
There his father engaged in business, and in 1871 they opened a store 
in Phoenix. Mr. Goldwater has always taken an active part in bank- 
ing interests and is now secretary of the State Bankers' Association. 
He has also served for many years as treasurer of this association. In 
1873 he was nominated for the legislature by the Democrats of Mari- 
copa County, but the election proved a tie. During his residence in 
Phoenix, Mr. Goldwater was instrumental in having the military 
telegraph line built into the city, furnished room and instruments and 
was the first operator. In 1876 he located in Prescott, his present 
home. He is now serving his third term as Mayor, and has been a 
member of the City Council during several terms. He has also been 
a member of the Board of Supervisors and Board of School Examiners 
of Yavapai County, and of the Territorial Board of Equalization. He 
was member of the Council in the Twelfth Legislature, Chief Clerk 
of the House in the Thirteenth, and President of the Council in the 
Twentieth. Mr. Goldwater was a member of the First Democratic 
Convention held in Arizona, and in the Legislature was an indefatig- 
able worker for his county and constitutents. It has ever been noted 
that Mr. Goldwater's relations with those among whom he worked, 
whether politically or otherwise, have been exceedingly harmonious, 
while his sense of justice and of what is due the other side have been 
the occasion of many a flattering, but deserved comment. He is an 
active and learned Mason of the thirty-second degree, member of the 
Mystic Shrine, and Past Grand Master of the order in Arizona. He 
is also a member of the Elks and State Treasurer of the association. 



H. A. CHEVERTON, cashier of the Prescott National Bank, son of 
Edwin George and Emily Granger Cheverton, of Illinois, was born 
in Monmouth, Illinois, February 7, 1876. He was educated in the 
public schools of Chicago, and has been employed in various capacities 
in banks since completing his education. For some years he was em- 
ployed with the First National Bank, Chicago, and later, came west, 
located in Los Angeles, and was employed by the First National Bank 



IN ARIZONA 213 

of that city. As cashier of the Prescott National Bank, one of the 
most important and soundest institutions in the state, Mr. Cheverton 
maintains a leading place among bankers in Arizona. He is an active 
member of the Masonic order, and belongs to Azatlan Lodge, F. & A. 
M., Prescott Chapter No. 2 Royal Arch Masons and Ivanhoe Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, Prescott. In politics he is a consistent 
Democrat, but by no means a politician. He is married and makes 
his home in Prescott. 



F. M. MURPHY, President of the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix 
Railroad, was born in Maine, but reared and educated in Wisconsin, 
and has been identified with important interests in Arizona since 
1877. Mr. Murphy inherited the solid and substantial traits charac- 
teristic of the New Englander and has developed in life the energy 
and enterprise peculiar to the Westerner. Though he has wielded a 
strong influence in the development of many of Arizona's important 
resources and his interests have been varied, he is best known through 
his association with the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix R. R., the 
success of which is due, in a large measure, to his wise judgment and 
boundless energy. He has been connected with this road from its very 
beginning. The success attained by the Congress gold mine, of which 
he was first superintendent, can also be attributed, in a great degree 
to his foresight; as he placed the affairs of the company on a profitable 
basis, and under his management $8,000,000 worth of gold was 
taken out of it. He, together with his particular friend, Mr. R. N. 
Fredericks, and others, founded the Prescott National Bank. Mr. 
Murphy was president of the bank from its organization in 1893, 
until 1910, when he was succeeded by Mr. R. N. Fredericks. Mr. 
Murphy is still a director in the bank. Since coming to Arizona Mr. 
Murphy has made Prescott his home, and has done much for the im- 
mediate good of the town. He is a director of the Chamber of Com- 
merce ; was the builder of the Yavapai Club, and one of its first presi- 
dents. Here, too, he has a splendid home and is owner of several fine 
buildings. He is reputed to have brought more money into Arizona 
for investment than any other one man in the State. The ability he 
displayed in the successful management of his road during the panic 
of 1893 attracted widespread attention and gave him a position among 
the recognized financial giants of the country. 

As president of the Development Company of America, a holding 
company with many large undeveloped interests, a position he was 
prevailed upon to take in addition to his many other duties, he fell 
heir to a lot of trouble, as the company, due to a combination of un- 
avoidable circumstances, failed, forcing upon him the presidency and 
management of many subsidiary companies whose properties were in 
process of development and most of which were financially embar- 



214 



\viio s WHO 




Frank M. Murphy 



[ N A RI Z O N A 215 

rassed. He never shirked the new responsibilities and if spared his 
health will yet prove to the satisfaction of all concerned that the subsi- 
diary companies should not, and would not have failed, had they 
received the little additional support that they had to have. 

Mr. Murphy's interests in Arizona are varied and much good will 
accrue to the State when the different enterprises with which he is 
connected are again in active and successful operation. 

Mr. Murphy expects, with the help of his associates, as soon as the 
Mexican revolution is over, to build what is known as the Arizona, 
Mexico & Gulf of California Railroad, which, with the Panama 
Canal completed, will prove to be one of the most, if not the most 
important influence contributing to the up-building of Arizona. 

Mr. Murphy is for Arizona first, last and all the time. 



L. C. DERRICK, assistant cashier of the Prescott National Bank, 
was born in Camden, N. J., September 29, 1879. His parents, Wil- 
liam Franklin and Anna Matilda Derrick, subsequently removed to 
Moorestown, N. J., and there Mr. Derrick was graduated from both 
grammar and high schools. He then attended Swarthmore College, 
adjacent to Philadelphia, from which he was graduated. His first po- 
sition was with the Girard National Bank, one of the largest and 
oldest banks in the city of Philadelphia, and there he served in vari- 
ous capacities, meantime securing his fundamental knowledge of bank- 
ing and advancing from one position to another. Mr. Derrick came 
to Arizona the beginning of April, 1905, and has since been a resident 
of Prescott, and was there married to Miss Helen Morey. Mr. Der- 
rick is a member of Azatlan Lodge No. 1, F. & A. M., Prescott. 



PAUL H. DEMING, assistant cashier of the Prescott National Bank, 
was born in Colon, Panama, December 25, 1880, of American par- 
ents, Sylvester and Sara E. Deming. Mr. Deming was educated in 
the public schools of New York City and graduated from the high 
school, after which he took a college preparatory course. His first 
position was in the New York office of the Panama R. R. Co., which 
was followed by a position with the N. Y. C. & H. R. R. Co., and 
he was later employed for several years as assistant national bank ex- 
aminer in New York City. Mr. Deming has been in Arizona since 
July, 1907, his first occupation here having been at Jerome as clerk 
with the United Verde Copper Company. From Jerome he went to 
Prescott to accept a clerical position with the Prescott National Bank, 
and has recently been promoted to the position of assistant cashier. 
Mr. Deming married Miss Winifred Fredericks, of Prescott. 



216 



WHO S WHO 



The Consolidated National Bank 

THE CONSOLIDATED NATIONAL BANK, Tucson, is the oldest and 
largest bank in the city, and in its history is interwoven a portion of 
the history of many of the ablest financiers in the Southwest. The 
first bank in Tucson was The Pima County Bank, organized in the 
early seventies, which subsequently became known as The First Na- 
tional Bank of Tucson. The Bank of D. Henderson was later organ- 
ized, and in 1887, The First National Bank of Tucson, having sur- 
rendered its charter some years previous and become The Bank of 
Tucson, was merged with the bank of D. Henderson, and thus was 
formed the Consolidated Bank of Tucson. M. P. Freeman, who had 
been cashier of The Bank of D. Henderson, was instrumental in this 
consolidation and became cashier of the newly formed bank, while 
Mr. B. M. Jacobs, organizer of The Pima County Bank, and until 
recently president of The Arizona National Bank, was the first presi- 
dent, and Mr. D. Henderson, first vice president. Shortly afterwards 
a national charter was obtained and the name changed to The Con- 
solidated National Bank, by which it is now known. In 1898, owing 
to ill health, Mr. Freeman retired from The Consolidated National 
Bank, and the following year, having fully recuperated, was one of 
the prime movers in the establishment of the Santa Cruz Valley Bank. 
In 1895 he again became associated with The Consolidated National 
Bank as its vice president. At that time H. E. Lacy was president, 
and H. B. Tenney, cashier. On Mr. Lacy's retirement from the presi- 
dency, Mr. Freeman was elected to this position, which he continued 
until late in the year 1910. During the latter year, Mr. Charles E. 
Walker, now cashier, was first employed with this institution as as- 
sistant to President Freeman, and at the close of the year on the lat- 
ter's retirement, a reorganization of the officials followed, when 
Albert Steinfeld became president, Epes Randolph vice president, and 
Charles E. Walker, cashier. During Mr. Freeman's later association 
with The Consolidated National Bank his influence on its development 
was material both in a personal way and as regards the benefits de- 
rived from his superior knowledge of financial affairs, sound judg- 
ment, and general executive ability. The Board of Directors of this 
institution includes the above named officials, Mr. Freeman, F. H. 
Hereford, Charles H. Bayless and Leo Goldschmidt. 

The Consolidated National Bank is a U. S. Depositary and con- 
tinues to grow with most gratifying results. Its last statement, dated 
Feb. 4, 1913, shows total resources amounting to considerably more 
than two millions, and deposits of almost one and three-fourths mil- 
lions. The capital stock of the bank is $100,000, with a surplus of 
the same amount and undivided profits of $50,000. 



IN ARIZONA 



217 



While sound banking principles and reliability are the keynote of 
the success attained by The Consolidated National Bank, its contin- 
uous policy of employing thoroughly capable assistants in each depart- 
ment, and of according to the public the utmost courtesy, has been a 
valuable aid toward this end. 



MERRILL P. FREEMAN, LL. D., pioneer, financier, and retired 
business man of Tucson, has been a resident of that city during the 
past thirty-two years, and during this time has attained to a promi- 
nence in the financial, educational, political and fraternal life of the 
state that is rarely equalled in the span of one man's life. Dr. Free- 
man was born in Ohio, in February, 1844, but was removed to Iowa 
\\ith the family when but three years of age, and crossed the plains to 
California by ox team when he was but eight years old. The latter 
trip, now to be made by rail in three days, then required five months, 
during which he rode horseback, driving loose cattle until his pony was 
stolen by the Indians. His playmates for the first few years of resi- 
dence in California were only little Indian boys. In 1857 Dr. Free- 
man went by steamer from San Francisco via the Isthmus to the east, 
where he took a four years' academic course, and returned to Califor- 
nia, as before, by ox team, this trip requiring the same length of time 
as the previous one, and although but seventeen years old, he did 
regular guard duty against the Indians. In 1862 he removed to Ne- 
vada, w T here, during the larger part of a residence of eighteen years, 
he was engaged in mining and banking. He also served as agent for 
the Wells Fargo Express Company at a number of points, and had 
charge of the western end of their overland stage line at the time of 
the completion of the Central Pacific Railroad, in 1869. At various 
times during his residence in Nevada he held offices of political trust 
and honor, among which were Regent of the University, Receiver of 
the U. S. Land office, Postmaster, county treasurer and chairman of 
the Republican County Central Committee. In the winter of 1880- 
1881 he came to Arizona on mining business, and located at Tucson. 
In 1884 he was appointed postmaster of that city, but resigned this 
position in 1887 to accept the position of cashier of the Bank of D. 
Henderson. As cashier of the Bank of D. Henderson, he began what 
has proven to be one of the most notable and influential financial re- 
cords in Arizona's history. This bank w r as afterwards consolidated 
with the Bank of Tucson and subsequently became the Consolidated 
National Bank, and during most of the intervening years it has had 
the benefit of Dr. Freeman's wisdom and foresight and has been 
guided to its eminent success largely because of adherence to his sound 
banking policy. In 1888 he severed his connection with The Consoli- 
dated National Bank, retiring for a time from active financial duties, 
and later established the Santa Cruz Valley Bank, now the Arizona 



218 



W H O S WHO 




Merrill P. Freeman 



IN ARIZONA 219 

National Bank, another of the state's soundest institutions. In 1895 
he returned to his former field of effort, The Consolidated National 
Bank, as its president, and until compelled by a nervous breakdown 
in 1911 to retire, continued in the president's chair. Many years of 
close application to business in various lines had so impaired the health 
of Dr. Freeman that it seemed the part of wisdom to dispense with 
some of his arduous duties, and since then, although generally recog- 
nized as "retired," he is a keenly alive man of affairs, whose influence 
is still felt and whose advice is still sought on matters of importance. 
During the fifteen years Dr. Freeman was president of the Consoli- 
dated National Bank the deposits increased from something more 
than $100,000 to one and one-half millions, which, in addition to being 
an important factor in the history of the bank, is a high tribute to its 
management. 

In 1889 Dr. Freeman became closely associated with the University 
of Arizona as a member of the Board of Regents, which position he 
has since filled at intervals for a total of sixteen years, ten of which he 
served as chancellor. At one period, at the earnest solicitation of the 
governor, resigning as chancellor of the University to fill a term on 
the Territorial Board of Equalization, he was subsequently returned to 
his old position as chancellor. In 191 1, on nomination by the governor 
of the state, he was invested with the degree of LL. D., "for constant 
and conspicuous service to the state and university, for devotion to 
every detail of his high office as regent and chancellor." 

In 1870 Dr. Freeman was made a Mason, and has since received 
every degree in Masonry to and including the thirty-third. He has 
been Grand Master of two separate jurisdictions, Nevada and Ari- 
zona, an unusual distinction, and President of the Association of Past 
Grand Masters of Arizona. 

During his years of residence in Arizona, Dr. Freeman has taken 
an especial interest in its very early history dating back to Corona- 
do's expedition of 1540 a fondness for which has developed into what 
may well be termed a hobby, and has acquired an extensive and valu- 
able library on this subject, consisting of more than 400 volumes, some 
of which are very rare and from one to two hundred years old, many 
of them out of print and very difficult to get. What disposition will 
ultimately be made of this valuable collection, Dr. Freeman has not 
definitely decided, other than that it will never be permitted to leave 
Pima County. In knowledge of early events in the history of the 
southwest, he probably has no superior in the state, his store of infor- 
mation along these lines keeping pace with his accumulation of ma- 
terial bearing on the subject. 

Having lost his wife, father and mother many years ago, Dr. Free- 
man makes his bachelor home in Tucson at the Old Pueblo Club, 
which he was largely instrumental in establishing. 



220 



WHO S WHO 




Albert Steinfeld 



IN ARIZONA 221 

ALBERT STEINFELD, president of the Consolidated National Bank 
of Tucson, has been connected with banking and financial institutions 
for a number of years, but it is only during the past three years that he 
has become actively identified with actual banking business. Having 
had many years of experience in the mercantile business as the presi- 
dent and general manager of the large concern which bears his name, 
he is in a position to know the financial wants and needs of the public. 
Mr. Steinfeld has been a stockholder in banking institutions in Los 
Angeles, San Francisco, El Paso and other cities of the Southwest. 
He has also been a member of the board of directors of these institu- 
tions and was influential in their affairs. Three years ago he was 
elected president of the Consolidated National Bank, the oldest and 
largest bank in Tucson, and has since given his entire attention to 
the bank, his son and brother-in-law, H. J. Donau, having assumed 
charge of the mercantile house of Albert Steinfeld & Co. 

Albert Steinfeld is a native of Germany, having been born in Han- 
over, December 23, 1854. His training and education have been 
obtained mainly in this country, however, as the family removed to 
New York City when Albert was but eight years of age, and he re- 
ceived a liberal education in the public schools. In 1869 he obtained 
a position in a large dry goods house, retained the same about two 
years and then came west. He located first at Denver, where he was 
employed by his uncle in the same line, but in January of 1871, he 
proceeded to Tucson, which has since been his home. Here he at 
once became connected with the house of L. Zeckendorf & Co., con- 
trolled by his uncles, Messrs. A. and L. Zeckendorf, and after several 
years of faithful service, was admitted to the firm and for years was 
resident partner and manager. 

Mr. Steinfeld, being an alert and courteous business man, soon be- 
came immensely popular in commercial circles in and about Tucson, 
was elected president of the Chamber of Commerce and later vice 
president of the Board of Trade when it supplanted the Chamber of 
Commerce, and has long been recognized as the head of mercantile 
interests in the vicinity. 

Mr. Steinfeld has long been identified with the various large 
industries in Southern Arizona, and no man has been in closer 
touch than he with the development of its resources, not only of 
enterprises with which he is directly or indirectly connected, but by 
sound advice and assistance afforded in numerous ways to others. 
The present firm of Albert Steinfeld & Co. is one of the greatest in 
the state, in general merchandise, and their stock is complete and of 
excellent quality. The relations existing between the firm and their 
employes are most admirable. Mr. Steinfeld is prominent in Ma- 
sonic affairs, with which he has been connected for many years. He 
was married February 15, 1883, in Denver, Colo., to Miss Bettina V. 
Donau, daughter of Simon Donau, of San Francisco, formerly a man- 
ufacturer of San Francisco, who died in Los Angeles several years ago. 



222 



\V H O S \V H O 



CHARLES E. WALKER, cashier of the Consolidated National Bank, 
was horn in Bloomington, Indiana, in 1880. He is the son of John 
W. Walker, a contractor of that place, and Sarah Elizabeth Voss 
Walker. His father was a captain in the Civil War. Mr. Walker 
was educated in the public schools, and for some years was 
engaged in railroad work. For five years he was treasurer 
of the Southern Pacific de Mexico Railroad, and was also 
general purchasing agent for the same company. He has been 




Consolidated National Bank of Tucson 



connected with the Consolidated National Bank since March, 
1910, when he accepted a position as assistant to President Freeman, 
but in December of the same year he was appointed to his present 
position, cashier. He is also a director of this bank and a director of 
the Arizona Eastern Railroad. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order, in which he has received the 32nd degree, of the Mystic 
Shrine, and of the Elks. Mr. Walker was married in 1903 to Miss 
Alice Seward, also a native of Indiana, and a member of the Seward 
family of national reputation. Mrs. Walker is a descendant of the Irvin 
family, which figured prominently in the revolutionary war, and her 
great-great-grandfather was an officer in the Revolutionary War. 
Mr. and Mrs. Walker have three bright interesting children, Frank 
S., Elizabeth V., and Charles E., Jr. 



IN ARIZONA 



223 




Charles B. Walker 



224 



W H O S W H O 




Tenney Williams 

TEX.XEY D. WILLIAMS, assistant cashier of the Consolidated Na- 
tional Bank, \vas born in 1884 at San Jose, California, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of that city and Stanford University. At 
the University he took a special course in English and finance. His 
father is publisher of "The Evening News," San Jose, and Mr. Wil- 
liams' first position was in the newspaper field. He continued in this 
work until 1909, when he came to Arizona, where he took up bank- 
ing as a regular occupation. His first position was as collector for the 
Consolidated National Bank, then bookkeeper, until by successive 
steps he reached his present position, to which he was appointed Janu- 
ary 1, 1913. His grandfather, W. C. Davis, and his uncle, Herbert 
B. Tenney, were both organizers of the Consolidated National Bank, 
and early pioneers of Arizona. The former came to Tucson before 
the building of the railroads through this section, having come across 
the Santa Fe trail with a team of mules. Mr. Williams is a Mason 
and member of No. 4 F. & A. M., and in politics a Republican. 



IN ARIZONA 



225 



JOHN C. ETCHELLS, assistant cashier of the Consolidated National 
Bank, Tucson, is a native of this city, having been born here October 

20, 1873. He is the son 
of early pioneers of 
Tucson. Mr. Etchells 
first attended the public 
schools and later took a 
business course and attend- 
ed Orchard Lake Mili- 
tary Academy. He has 
been in the employ of the 
C o n s o lidated National 
Bank during the past six- 
teen years, and in point of 
service is one of the oldest 
attaches of the bank at this 
time. His first position 
with this institution was 
that of collector, and he 
has advanced, step by step, 
to that of assistant cashier. 
In politics Mr. Etchells is 
a Progressive, and in the 
campaign of 1912 he was 
a candidate on the citizens 
ticket for the office of City 
Treasurer. He is a well 
which he has been actively 




known member of the B. 
associated for some years. 



P. O. E., with 



CHARLES H. BAYLESS, treasurer and general manager of Bayless & 
Berkalew Co., one of the oldest live stock firms in Arizona, w r as born 
at Highland, Kas., November 23, 1863. He is the eldest son of 
William H. and Margaret Patterson Bayless. His father, now in his 
eighty-fifth year, but still well and active, together with a younger 
brother, John Stuart Bayless, are the other members of B. & B. Co. 
Mr. Bayless was graduated from Highland College in the class of 
1884, was valedictorian, and has received the degrees of A. B. and A. 
M. On leaving college he came to Arizona, where he assisted his 
father in organizing the live stock business, of which he is now head. 
In 1885 he returned to his home and became assistant cashier in the 
banking house of J. P. Johnson, one of the very few millionaires in 
Kansas at that time. Later he accepted a call to the chair of mathe- 
matics in his Alma Mater. Upon the sudden death of the president of 
the institution Mr. Bayless was made acting president and for two 
years had full charge of all college work. He then resigned in order 



22'G 



vv no s wno 



to take post graduate work at The Johns Hopkins University. Before 
completing his course there he was called to Arizona by the illness of 
his father and in 1892 he decided to give up his college career and de- 
vote his time to business. Always interested in educational matters, 
Mr. Bayless has served the University of Arizona as member and 
treasurer of its Board of Regents under Governors Brodie, Kibbey and 
Sloan. His earliest business experience was banking and for several 
years he has been a director and member of the loan committee of the 
Consolidated National Bank of Tucson. Mr. Bayless is a Republican, 
has ever been a worker in his party, and has held several positions of 
honor and trust. He was once appointed County Supervisor and later 
elected to the same office, when he served as Chairman of the Board 
with credit to his constituents and himself. Mr. Bayless is a charter 
member of the Tucson Lodge of Elks and The Old Pueblo Club, and 
affiliated with the Presbyterian church. A firm believer in Tucson 
and its future, he has served as President of its Chamber of Commerce 
and is actively interested in the development of the country's resources. 
Some of the choicest irrigated lands in Pima County belong to Bay- 
less, Berkalew & Co., and its high bred cattle have long commanded 
the fanciest prices. Mr. Bayless is unmarried and makes his home 
with his brother at his elegant residence on University Avenue. 



LEO GOLDSCHMIDT, president of the Eagle Milling Company, 
Tucson, and director of the Consolidated National Bank, was born 
in Hamburg, Germany, September 16, 1852. He was educated there 
in the public schools and came to the United States when seventeen 
years of age, went immediately to New Mexico and for a number of 
years lived in Santa Fe. He came to Arizona in 1877 and has since 
been a resident of Tucson. There he was first in the employ of L. 
Zeckendorf & Co., then became established in the furniture business, 
in which he continued for several years, and in 1887 he sold out and 
purchased an interest in the flour mill in Tucson then owned by E. N. 
Fish. One year later he bought out the entire interest of Mr. Fish 
and the business was incorporated under the present firm name, The 
Eagle Milling Company, which, from a very small beginning has 
developed into the largest mill of its kind in Arizona. The mill im- 
ports grain from both east and west, but uses as much of the Arizona 
product as is obtainable. Not only does the mill manufacture flour, 
but it does also a large business in feed and grain. The management 
is noted for the fairness and liberality with which it treats its em- 
ployees, and the payroll is large, adding considerably to the prosperity 
of Tucson. Alfred J. Goldschmidt is associated with his brother in 
the business and is vice president of the corporation, of which they 
own most of the stock. Monte M. Mansfeld is secretary. Leo 
Goldschmidt is active in civic, political, social and fraternal circles. 
He is a member of the Masons and B. P. O. E. 



IN ARIZONA 



227 



The Phoenix National Bank 

THE PHOENIX NATIONAL BANK, one of the safest and most intel- 
ligently conducted in the State of Arizona, was organized in 1892. 
Its capital stock paid in is $150,000, and its surplus and undivided 
profits amount to close to $200,000, while its total resources aggre- 
gate almost two and three-quarters millions. The list of assets of this 
bank contains a notable item in the total of its loans and discounts, 
amounting to about half of its funds, which indicates how well the in- 
stitution serves the commercial and agricultural interests of the com- 
munity. For years this bank has had a leading place on the roll of 
honor among National Banks in the United States. 

Physically the bank is equipped in a manner both modern and con- 
venient in offices in the center of the business district of Phoenix, and 
is easy of access to tourists and residents alike. The Phoenix National 
Bank is one of the specially designated depositories for funds of the 
United States Government, has the patronage of many leading busi- 
ness and professional men, firms and corporations, and by means of its 
system of direct communication maintains close relations with Arizona, 
New Mexico, and adjacent districts in Old Mexico. Its facilities for 
making collections are especially good and the prompt attention ren- 
dered affairs of its correspondents causes its services to be exceptionally 
satisf acton r . In 1905 this bank was designated a depositary for funds 
of the United States Government and its disbursing officers. 

The stockholders of The Phoenix National Bank are owners of The 
Phoenix Savings Bank and Trust Company, which commenced busi- 
ness in 191 1. 

The Phoenix Savings Bank and Trust Company, whose capital and 
surplus amount to $150,000, has practically the same stockholders and 
is under the same management as The Phoenix National Bank. It is, 
however, an entirely separate organization from The Phoenix Na- 
tional Bank, and occupies entirely different offices. This institution 
receives savings accounts upon which 4%, interest is paid, acts as trus- 
tee and is empowered to perform all the duties of executors, adminis- 
trators, guardians, trustees, committees and the like. It also acts as 
escrow agent, registrar, fiscal agent and trustee for corporations and 
their bondholders. The officers of the savings bank are: H. J. Mc- 
Clung, president; T. E. Pollock and M. C. McDougall, vice presi- 
dents; and W. C. Foster, secretary and treasurer. 

The officers of The Phoenix National Bank are: H. J. McClung, 
president; T. E. Pollock and M. C. McDougall, vice presidents; H. 
D. Marshall, Jr., cashier; H. M. Galliver, G. G. Fuller, asst. cash- 
iers. The directors are E. B. Gage, H. T- McClung, T. E. Pollock, M. 
C. McDougall, H. D. Marshall, L. H. Chalmers, J. S. Douglas, W. 
A. Drake and W. F. Staunton. In this list are included some of the 
most important financial, commercial and professional interests of the 



228 



WHO S WHO 




H. J. McClung 



IN ARIZONA 



229 



state. Mr. Pollock is president of the Arizona Central Bank of Flag- 
staff, and Mr. Douglas president of The Bank of Douglas, while Mr. 
Chalmers is one of the state's most prominent attorneys, and Mr. 
Marshall, cashier, is a former national bank examiner. 



H. J. McCujNG, of Phoenix, Arizona, president of the Phoenix 
National Bank, and president of the Phoenix Savings Bank & Trust 
Company, is one of the best known bankers in Arizona. He was born 
in Hennepin, Illinois, August 24, 1869. His parents were James S. 
and Lois Clark McClung. After having finished the public school 
course in Pueblo, Colorado, he started his career as a banker, taking a 
position as collector in the First National Bank of Pueblo. He work- 
ed through the different departments to the position of assistant cash- 
ier, which he resigned in March, 1902, and came to Arizona to take a 
position as cashier of the Phoenix National Bank. He was made vice- 
president in 1904, succeeding Thomas W. Pemberton. After having 
held this position for eight years, he was elected president, April 12, 
1912, succeeding E. B. Gage. Under his management, the Phoenix 
National Bank has become one of the strongest financial institutions in 
the Southwest. 

Mr. McClung has taken an active part in the civic life of Phoenix 
and has also been prominent in state affairs. He was a member of 
the board of directors organized to promote the Arizona State Fair 
and the success of this venture was largely due to the efforts of himself 
and his colleagues in its behalf. He was on the first paving committee 
appointed in Phoenix, and has taken much interest in the promotion 
of this and other improvements in his home city. 

He was united in marriage with Miss Mattie M. Drake and to 
the union have been born two children, Nellie and Billy. 



M. C. McDouGALL, vice president and director of the Phoenix 
National Bank and vice-president and director of the Phoenix Sav- 
ings Bank & Trust Company, was born in Ontario, Canada, October 
31, 1858, and spent his boyhood there. After having completed the 
common school course of the County of Bruce, he was graduated from 
the high school and later spent three years in Saint Catherine's Colle- 
giate Institute near Niagara Falls, Ontario. He came to the United 
States in January, 1883, and started in the general merchandise busi- 
ness in Heppner, Oregon. Six years later, he moved to Puget Sound 
and for another span of six years was engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness in that section. The following two years he spent in travel. He 
came to Arizona in 1897 and since that time has been actively identi- 
fied with the business, social, fraternal and civic life of Phoenix. He 
established the McDougal & Cassou Co., clothiers, furnishers and 
men's outfitters, which for sixteen years has ranked as one of the best 



230 



W H O S W H O 



of its line in the Southwest. During a large part of the time he has 
spent in Phoenix, he has been identified with the hanking business. 
He was one of the organizers of the Phoenix Savings Bank & Trust 




M. C. McDougall 

Company, which is affiliated with the Phoenix National Bank. At 
the annual meeting held in January, 1911, he was made vice-president 
of both banks, and since that time has devoted most of his time to 
these institutions. Through his long association with the leading 
professional and business men of Arizona, he has become thoroughly 
familiar with the financial situation and his appointment to this posi- 
tion has proven most beneficial to the bank. Mr. McDougall is of 
Scotch descent, his parents, Coll and Ann Clark McDougall, having 
been among the pioneer Scotch settlers of Ontario. 



HUGH D. MARSHALL, JR., cashier of the Phoenix National Bank 
and director of the Phoenix Savings Bank & Trust Company, was 
born in Unionville, Missouri, in 1882. Many of his ancestors were 
bankers and it was in The Marshall National Bank of Unionville, 
that he obtained his first practical knowledge of banking, after he had 
graduated from Princeton University in the class of 1905. Of this 
bank his grandfather, H. D. Marshall, was president; his uncle, N. 



IN ARIZONA 



231 




Hugh D. Marshall, Jr. 
H. M. Galliver G. G. Fuller 



232 WHO'S WHO 

B. Marshall, cashier, and another uncle, C. S. Marshall, director. 
His father, F. E. Marshall, was formerly president of the Phenix 
National Bank, New York City. Hugh Marshall started work as 
assistant cashier of this institution, and after having worked several 
years, took a position with the Mercantile Trust Company of St. 
Louis. While with this institution, he demonstrated such financial 
acumen that he was enrolled in the government service as bank exam- 
iner. He came to Arizona in 1907 as receiver of the Globe National 
Bank, which had been closed during the panic. After having suc- 
cessfully reorganized the affairs of this institution, he was appointed 
national bank examiner for Texas, New Mexico and Arizona and 
served three years. He became cashier of the Phoenix National Bank, 
January 18, 1912. Mr. Marshall ranks high as a financier and has 
managed the affairs of the bank in a manner which has been most sat- 
isfactory to the officials and stockholders. He is a Thirty-second De- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason and takes an active interest in the affairs of 
the order. He is also an energetic worker in the Phoenix Commercial 
Club and has taken a special interest in those affairs dealing with 
finances. 

H. M. GALLIVER, assistant cashier of the Phoenix National Bank, 
was born in Flint, Michigan, January 9, 1876. Having finished the 
public schools of that city, he entered the manufacturing field by be- 
coming associated with the Durant-Dort Carriage Company of his 
home city. After spending several years in this position, he came to 
Arizona fourteen years ago, and his first position was collector at the 
Phoenix National Bank. He has since been promoted several times, 
until he now holds the position of senior assistant cashier of this im- 
portant institution. Mr. Galliver is a member of the Masonic order, 
and belongs to the F. & .A. M. No. 23 of Flint, Michigan. He mar- 
ried Miss Ella Hauxhurst. They have two sons, James and Mason. 



G. G. FULLER, assistant cashier of the Phoenix National Bank, is 
a native of Minnesota, having been born at Chatfield, March 18, 
1862. His parents, George W. and Sophronia S. Garfield Fuller, 
were among the pioneer settlers of that state. He completed a high 
school course and was then engaged in various occupations for a num- 
ber of years in Minneapolis. He entered the financial field as auditor 
of the Union Investment Company, owners of a number of banks in 
Minnesota and Dakota. He received his training as secretary of the 
Interstate Grain Company of Minneapolis, and credit manager of the 
Northwestern Knitting Company of the same city. While agent of 
the Union Investment Company, he decided to make banking his pro- 
fession and, looking about for a promising location, he decided upon 
Arizona and immediately came to Phoenix. For the past few years 
he has been connected with the Phoenix National Bank, and was 
made assistant cashier in the fall of 1912. He was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah E. Goodsill, and they have one daughter, Ruth. 



IN ARIZONA 



The National Bank of Arizona 

THE NATIONAL BANK OF ARIZONA, the oldest bank in Phoenix, 
was established in 1878, and in 1887 was chartered as a national bank 
under the name of the National Bank of Arizona, with a capital stock 
of $100,000. The capital stock has been increased, however, until 
it now amounts to $200,000. The history of this bank has been one 
of steady progress, because of the ability and wisdom of its manage- 
ment which have won the entire confidence of the public, individual, 
firm and corporation. 

The National Bank of Arizona conducts its business on the ground 
floor of their own building, which is built of brick and concrete, four 
stories high, and situated on the corner of Central Avenue and Wash- 
ington Street. Their counting rooms have been especially designed 
that the business may be carried on with the greatest degree of ease 
and safety to customers and the bank itself. Every precaution known 
in banking circles has been taken, and their massive steel vaults are 
time locked, fire and burglar proof. In addition to that essential in 
banking, The National Bank of Arizona has the advantage of a large 
capital, sufficient to meet all requirements, and an able and efficient 
management under honest and conservative officials. 

The active officers of this bank are all substantial men and well 
known in Phoenix and vicinity, men of the highest standing as regards 
integrity and real worth. Emil Ganz, president, has been a resident of 
the Valley for more than thirty years, and at the head of the bank's 
affairs for about seventeen years. S. Oberfelder, cashier, came to 
Phoenix from Omaha sixteen years ago to accept a position as assist- 
ant cashier, and in 1897 he was elected to his present position. His 
conduct of affairs during these years is, of itself, sufficient evidence of 
his knowledge of banking and general ability. These men, together 
with Charles Goldman, vice president; W. H. Kay, Ed Eisele, J. 
Thalmeimer and Jacob Miller, form the board of directors. These 
are all among the representative business men of the vicinity whose 
sterling worth adds a note of assurance to the bank's reliability. 



EMIL GANZ, president of the National Bank of Arizona, Phoenix, 
was born in Germany, August 18, 1838, and in 1858 came to Ameri- 
ca. In his native country he w T as educated in the public schools, and 
at the age of fourteen was apprenticed to a tailor, and having become 
a journeyman tailor, he worked at his trade in the vicinity of his home 
for several years. On coming to this country he worked for several 
years at his trade in New York City and Philadelphia, and later mov- 
ing to Cedartown, Ga., conducted a business of his own. While resid- 
and in the latter place, he attained to prominence in the community, 
and was appointed postmaster for a term. During the Civil War Mr. 



234 



\v :i o s \v H o 




02 

>-) 

hi 



IX A R I Z O X A 235 

Ganz served for more than three years in the Confederate Army, and 
was engaged in some of the most important battles, and at the defense 
of Richmond, and for seven months was a Federal prisoner. When 
peace was declared, Mr. Ganz located for a short time in Quincy, 111., 
and removed to Kansas City, where he was engaged in tailoring and 
gents' furnishing business for several years. From 1872 to 1874 he 
was similarly engaged in Las Animas, Colorado, and since the latter 
year has uninterruptedly been a resident of Arizona. Locating first in 
Prescott, he successfully managed the Capitol Hotel until 1887, when 
he came to Phoenix and became proprietor of the well known hotel 
Bank Exchange, which was destroyed by fire in 1885. In 1895 he be- 
came interested in the National Bank of Arizona, and was elected its 
president, which position he has since held. The National Bank of 
Arizona is now one of the largest and most prosperous banks in the 
state, and its president one of the best known and highly esteemed 
bankers of the Southwest, and to his judgment and ability is due much 
of the success which this institution has met with. Mr. Ganz has also 
been interested in insurance work, and has represented several of the 
largest fire insurance companies. A staunch Democrat, he has enjoyed 
the highest regard of the best political element of the locality, of which 
he has received evidence by having been three times elected to the office 
of Mayor of Phoenix and as member of the city council. In his ad- 
ministration of municipal affairs Mr. Ganz displayed a broad knowl- 
edge of the requirements of the office, and by means of his tact and 
ability as a leader, won the confidence and admiration of his towns- 
men. He is a prominent member of the Masonic order, in which he 
has attained the thirty-second degree. Mrs. Ganz was formerly Miss 
Bertha Angelman, of New York City. 



SIMOX OBKRFELUER, cashier of The National Bank of Arizona, has 
been identified with the financial life of Arizona during the past seven- 
teen years, and during this time has aided in bringing this bank to its 
present state of efficiercy. Mr. Oberfelder came to Arizona to take 
the position of assistant cashier of The National Bank of Arizona, 
and the next year, having shown such marked ability, was promoted 
to the position of cashier, which carries with it practically the man- 
agement of the institution. Mr. Oberfelder is a native of Germany 
and was born in 1857. His parents were Meyer and Babetta Hellman 
Oberfelder. Mr. Oberfelder was given the benefit of the excellent 
school system of Germany. He also had a college course. He spent 
several years in different eastern states and came to Arizona from 
Omaha, where he had been connected with one of the strong firms of 
that city. He has been a leader in the civic and financial life of Ari- 
zona and ranks as one of her most able financiers. He was married to 
Miss Fannie M. Ran, the daughter of a well known Federal officer of 
a Kentucky regiment in the Civil War. Mr. Oberfelder is a member 
of the Masons. 



236 \V no's W H O 

JOHN J. SWEENEY, assistant cashier of the National Bank of Ari- 
zona, was born in Australia in 1859, but he came to America before 
he was one year old, and so may be considered practically an Ameri- 
can. His parents, John and Catherine Arno Sweeney, came to San 
Francisco in 1860, and he had the benefit of the common schools of 
California, as well as three years in Saint Mary's College in San Fran- 
cisco. Shortly after this, he came to Arizona and has taken a leading 
role in the commercial, financial and civic life since that time, but he 
is best known as a banker. He started in as bookkeeper at the Na- 
tional Bank of Arizona and was promoted from time to time until he 
reached his present position, that of senior assistant cashier, in 1898. 
He is the general agent of the United States Fidelity & Guaranty 
Company, and is also connected with a number of the prominent com- 
mercial enterprises of this city. For a number of years he was proprietor 
of several meat markets with headquarters in Phoenix, and this ven- 
ture, like the others with which he has been affiliated, was entirely 
successful. He is one of the best known fraternal men in the South- 
west, and is Past Grand Master of the F. & A. M. of Arizona; Past 
Grand High Priest of the Royal Arch Masons of Arizona; Past 
Grand Commander of Knights Templar of Arizona; Past Potentate 
of the Shrine of Arizona, and Past Grand Patron of the Order of 
the Eastern Star. Mr. Sweeney has always taken much interest in the 
betterment of school affairs and for a number of years served as school 
trustee. He was united in marriage to Miss H. Lillian Kelly, De- 
cember 21, 1887, and they are the parents of two children, Mrs. J. B. 
Rice and Paul Sweeney. 



LESLIE H. RHUART, assistant cashier of the National Bank of Ari- 
zona, is well known for his connection with different enterprises in 
Phoenix, having been successfully engaged in insurance, real estate and 
banking, and he is also a member of the legal profession, having been 
admitted to practice in Arizona. He completed a high school course 
in Los Angeles and then studied law in Phoenix. He was appointed 
general agent of the New York Life Insurance Company for Arizona 

and Sonora, but resigned to devote his time to real estate. He took a 
clerical position in the National Bank of Arizona and in January, 
1912, was appointed assistant cashier. Mr. Rhuart was born in 
Mason City, Iowa, in 1874. His parents are John Holmes and 
Eunice L. Bowley Rhuart. He was married to Miss Emma C. Hoel- 
scher in May, 1912. Mr. Rhuart has two children, John Holmes and 
Nancy Drake Rhuart.. Mr. Rhuart is at the present time interested 
in real estate and owns a fine orange grove. He is secretary and a 
member of the board of directors of the Arizona Orange Growers' 
Association. He is also a member of the Elks. 



IN ARIZONA 



237 




Charles Goldman 

CHARLES GOLDMAN, vice president of the National Bank of Ari- 
zon, Phoenix, has been a resident of Arizona for forty-two years, and 
of the city of Phoenix all but five years of that time. At the time of 
his arrival in Phoenix not a frame or brick store had been erected and 
but few in that day, and those of exceptional foresight, would hazard 
a prediction that it would develop into the prosperous city it is today. 
In the city's growth and development in every way Mr. Goldman has 
been a strong influence. Born in Bavaria, Germany, October 17, 
1845, he received a practical industrial education in the schools of his 
native country. In the spring of 1866 he came to this country, and 
the first year was employed in Philadelphia. He then went to Cali- 
fornia by way of the Isthmus of Panama, and remained there until 
1871, when he came to Arizona. He first located in Prescott, and 
then was engaged in general merchandise in the Williamson Valley. 
This business was disposed of to purchase the business of his brother 
in Phoenix, and another brother joining him in this enterprise, the 
firm of Goldman Brothers was formed. He also became interested in 
ranches and cattle and gradually increased his holdings in these in- 
dustries, which proved to him a marked success financially. He helped 
organize The National Bank of Arizona, and for many years was one 
of its Board of Directors. He has also been an active member of the 



238 



WHO'S WHO 



Phoenix Board of Trade. In politics, a Democrat, but not an office 
seeker, his entire time has been devoted to his personal business 
and the healthy interests of his home town. Mr. Goldman was mar- 
ried in 1881 to Miss Sarah Fleishman, whose father, Benjamin Fleish- 
man, was one of the pioneers of California. Their family consists of 
Rose Bell, Sidney and Eugene Goldman. 



First National Bank of Nogales 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF NOGALES, one of the most reli- 
able financial institutions in Arizona, was organized about ten years 
ago and numbers among its directors and shareholders some of the 
most enterprising men of the town. Its cash capital is $50.000, sur- 
plus and undivided profits $65,000, and deposits but little less than 
$500,000. While its business is conducted along safe and conserva- 
tive lines, its policy has always been broad and liberal. The First 
National Bank is depository for public funds of Nogales, the County 
of Santa Cruz and for the United States. The funds of the Post- 
office, the Immigration Office, and the Custom House are also depos- 
ited with this institution. The record made by this bank is one of 
which the directors and officers may well be proud, and during the 
panic of 1907 it was one of the few banks in the state which met all of 
its obligations without hesitation or reservation. 

The reputation of The First National Bank of Nogales for per- 
manence and stability is thoroughly well known over all Arizona, and 
no one circumstance has ever done more to establish a high standard 
for any financial institution than the able manner in which this bank 
coped with the wants of its customers during the trying period refer- 
red to by its announcement that it knew no limit short of the total 
amount of a customer's deposit. Checks were readily taken every- 
where, and when presented at the bank itself, were cashed with 
alacrity. Its record in this particular has given it a place among the 
sound and solid financial institutions of the country and in the estima- 
tion of the entire business and commercial world that is treasured 
among its most valuable assets. 

The First National Bank conducts the usual Exchange and Collec- 
tion business in addition to the regular banking lines, and in every 
way is especially accommodating to customers. It also conducts a 
safety box department for deposit of valuable documents, bonds, 
money, jewels, etc., and a Mexican department for the buying and 
selling of Mexican money. This bank has a large and extensive busi- 
ness down the West Coast of Mexico. The Directors are Theo. 
Gebler, E. Titcomb, Phil Herold, Bracey Curtis, L. Lindsey and H. 
M. Clagett. Bracey Curtis is president; Phil Herold, vice president; 
Otto H. Herold, cashier.. Beside a strong and liberal policy in the 
conduct of the business of the sterling banking institution confided to 
their care, the officials of the First National Bank give attention to the 



IN A R I Z O X A 



239 





240 



\V HO S WHO 



best interests of the town of Nogales. Mr. Curtis, the president, and 
Mr. Otto H. Herold, the cashier, have served as members of the 
Nogales Council, and Mr. Grover Marsteller, one of the clerks, is 
Town Clerk. Mr. Curtis is also chairman of the Fire and Water 
Committee, and has been for years Chief of the Fire Department. 



BRACEY CURTIS, president of the First National Bank of Nogales, 
w r as born in Massachusetts in 1870, and is a descendant of a family of 
old New England stock which was prominently identified with the 
great manufacturing interests of the East. Mr. Curtis has been a 
resident of Arizona about 13 years, which he has lived in Nogales. 
He was first associated with the First National Bank of Nogales as 
cashier, and his judicious administration in this capacity was an invalu- 
able aid to the bank in its early days. This bank has established a 
reputation for solidity and ability to meet emergencies that can not be 
excelled by the oldest banks in the country, regardless of size or loca- 
tion. Mr. Curtis was the delegate from Santa Cruz County to the 
Constitutional Convention, elected on the Republican ticket, and 
served on the Legislative, Private Corporations and Banks Commit- 
tees. He is a public spirited man and has given much of his time and 
effort to the building up of the community in which he resides, especi- 
ally in the capacity of President of the Nogales Board of Trade. He 
has also been Chief of the Fire Department, consisting of volunteers, 
which has by means of his training developed into a splendid organi- 
zation. He was a member of the committee appointed to select sites 
for the Territorial Prison and Reform Schools. 



OTTO H. HEROLD, Cashier of The First National Bank of No- 
gales, one of the strongest and best managed of Arizona's financial 
institutions, is a native of Kansas, and has been a resident of Arizona 
for the past ten years. He w r as educated in the parochial schools of 
his home and St. Benedict's College, Atchison, Kansas, from which he 
was graduated. His first position was as bookkeeper in Kansas City, 
and his next at St. Joseph, Missouri, and the latter one he resigned to 
come to Arizona, where his brother, Phil Herold, now Recorder of 
Santa Cruz County, had been located for a number of years, and was 
then serving as Deputy Recorder of Santa Cruz. Otto Herold's first 
position in this state was on the Yaqui River, but after a short period 
he secured a place as bookkeeper in The First National Bank of No- 
gales, w r ith which he has since been associated. He was later advanced 
to the post of Assistant Cashier, and four years ago to his present 
position, in which he has earned the reputation of being one of the 
best informed and most capable banking men in the state. Mr. 
Herold married Miss Carmelita Marsteller, a native of Nogales. He 
has served two terms as member of Nogales Council, and was Chair- 
man of the Financial Committee. 



IN ARIZONA 



241 



Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust Co. 

THE NAVAJO-APACHE BANK & TRUST Co., whose head office is 
at Winslow, and branches at Holbrook and St. John, is the outgrowth 
of a small bank which was organized in 1900 by W. H. Burbage and 
Fred Nelson. This was known as the Navajo County Bank, and was 
established at Winslow with a capital of but $10,000. Mr. Burbage 
was president, and Mr. Nelson, vice president. In 1905 these same 
gentlemen organized the Apache County Bank & Trust Co., at St. 
Johns, of \vhich Mr. Nelson was vice president and cashier. Four 
years later the two were consolidated under the name "The Navajo- 
Apache Bank & Trust Co.", which began business with a paid-in 
capital of $100,000. This is the largest bank in the northern part of 
the state, and from its beginning has met with general favor because 
of its sound and liberal policy. 



WILLIAM H. BURBAGE was born in New York City in 1854, but 
having lost both parents when but seven years of age, the greater part 
of his education was acquired in a Catholic institution in Ohio, where 
he grew to manhood and laid the foundation for a successful business 
career. In 1878 he started West, spent some time prospecting in 
Kansas and other sections, and in 1878 located in Trinidad, Colorado, 
where he took a position in the store of the Colorado Trading Com- 
pany. In 1882 he moved on to New Mexico and was employed by a 
mercantile house having branches in Santa Fe and Albuquerque. Two 
years later he wnt to Holbrook and forming a partnership with J. Q. 
Adamson and Milton Chenowith, they opened a general mercantile 
store under the name of Adamson and Burbage, and for five years did 
a large and profitable business. Then they sold out and proceeded to 
Los Angeles, where they embarked in the wholesale meat business. 
Before leaving Ohio Mr. Burbage had devoted two years to the study 
of law in Hiram College, but until he reached Los Angeles had very 
little opportunity to proceed further with his work in that direction. 
While in the meat business there, however, he spent his leisure hours 
in study, and in April, 1893, was admitted to practice in the Supreme 
Court of California. The same year he returned to Arizona, and 
opened an office in Winslow. The following year he was elected 
District Attorney of Apache County and re-elected in 1898 and 1900. 
He was also appointed local attorney for the Santa Fe R. R. at Wins- 
low. In 1895 he had formed a partnership with Mr. F. W. Nelson, 
and in 1900, with Mr. Nelson, organized the Navajo County Bank, of 
which he was chosen president, and has since continued at the head of 
that institution. In 1905 Mr. Burbage and Mr. F. W. Nelson 
organized the Apache County Bank, of St. Johns, Arizona, and 
became president and vice president and cashier, respectively. 
In the fall of 1909 the Navajo County Bank of Winslow, and 



242 



\V HO S \V H O 



the Apache County Bank of St. Johns, merged under the present 
name of the Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust Co., with $100,000 paid 
in capital, of which institution, with bank at Winslow and branches 
at St. Johns and Holbrook, Mr. Burbage became and is president. 
Mr. Burbage is the owner of a large amount of real estate in that 
vicinity, and a man whose ventures in various fields of activity have 
been attended by success. In 1896 he was delegate to the National 
Democratic Convention at St. Louis, and from 1896 to 1900 repre- 
sented Arizona on the National Democratic Committee. He is a 
member of the Knights of Columbus, and is also a member of the 
Elks, of which he has been Exalted Ruler in the local lodge. 



FRED W. NELSON, County Attorney of Apache County and Vice 
President of the Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust Co., in charge of the 
St. Johns Branch, was born in Manchester, N. H., winter of 1857, 
but reared and educated in New T York and Chicago, to which latter 

place he removed in 
1870, and resided until 
1883, when he came to 
New Mexico. In the 
early part of 1884 he 
came to Arizona and 
took up his residence 
near Springerville. In 
1891, having been ap- 
pointed under sheriff ot 
Apache County, he made 
his home in St. Johns, 
the county seat. In 1892 
he was elected County 
Recorder and creditably 
discharged the duties of 
that office as well as be- 
ing in charge of the 
sheriff's office. In 1895, 
when his term of office 
had expired, he moved to 
Winslow, and took an 
active interest in the 
creating of Navajo 
County. His influence 
aided in securing the 
passage of the bill dividing Apache County and making Navajo, and 
his efforts in this respect were rewarded by appointment as first 
County Recorder and Clerk of Board of Supervisors of the new coun- 
ty, which positions he filled during 1895 and 1896. In the mean- 
time he had been devoting much time to the study of law and in 1895 




IX ARIZONA 



243 



was admitted to practice in the District Court at Holbrook. The 
same year he entered into partnership with W. H. Burbage. In 
1900 Mr. Nelson and Mr. Burbage organized The Navajo County 
Bank at Winslow, with a capital of $10,000, and Mr. Nelson became 
vice president. In addition to having built up a profitable practice, 
'Mr. Nelson took active part in incorporating the town of Winslow 
and served as town attorney from 1900 to 1905, when he removed 
to St. Johns, to take charge of The Apache County Bank & Trust 
Co., which he and Mr. Burbage organized in the fall of 1905, and 
became vice president and cashier of the new bank. In 1908 he was 
elected district attorney of Apache County and re-elected as the 



VIEW, MAVAJ0 
BANK AT -W1W$U3W 




Interior View Navajo- Apache Bank & Trust Co., at Winslow 

first attorney of that county. In 1909 Mr. Nelson and Mr. Bur- 
bage consolidated the Navajo County Bank of Winslow and The 
Apache County Bank & Trust Co., of St. Johns, under the name of 
Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust Co., with paid-up capital of $100,000, 
with head bank at Winslow and branches at St. Johns and Holbrook, 
and he became vice president of the institution in charge at St. Johns. 
He is one of the reliable and substantial business men of the section 
and has accumulated property in Navajo and Apache counties. He 
organized the Elks lodge at Winslow in 1900, and was its secretary 
the first four years, afterward being elected Exalted Ruler. His in- 
terest in good roads has made him one of the leaders in this work, and 
it was due partly to his efforts that plans have been made to bond 



244 WHO'S WHO 

Apache county for road building. Fred Nelson is known as a prime 
mover in the interest of improved conditions in the town, city or 
county, and an earnest worker for all development plans. 



R. C. KAUFMAN, cashier of the Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust 
Company, was born in Leroy, Illinois, in 1880. He was graduated 
from the high school of Leroy, and then took the general course in 
the University of Illinois. He was first employed at telegraphy and 
railroad work, and has been associated with the Navajo-Apache Bank 
& Trust Company since 1907. His first position was as bookkeeper, 
from which he was promoted to that of assistant cashier. Upon the 
reorganization of the bank in 1909 Mr. Kaufman was chosen its secre- 
tary, and one year later was made cashier, a position requiring a 
thorough knowledge of financial matters and banking regulations, as 
the Navajo-Apache Bank is one of the largest in the state and the 
Largest in Northern Arizona. Mr. Kaufman married Miss Mary 
Lynn Duggar. They have one little daughter, Jacqueline, and make 
their home in Winslow. 



LLOYD C. HENNING, manager of the Navajo-Apache Bank & Trust 
Company's branch at Holbrook, has been in Arizona more than a quar- 
ter of a century, his parents, who are now residents of Pinto, having 
been among the pioneers of that section. Mr. Henning became first 
prominently known in Arizona for the part he took in building up a 
number of the strong weekly papers in Navajo and Apache Counties 
and in his present position has hosts of friends throughout the northern 
part of the state. He is an energetic and tireless booster, takes great 
pride in the growth of Holbrook, and during his term as Secretary- 
Treasurer of the Holbrook Commercial Club, the growth of the town 
received considerable impetus. A little more than a year ago he was 
married in Ohio to Miss Esther Hess, a native of that state, and in 
Holbrook, where they have since made their home, they are very well 
known socially. Fraternally also Mr. Henning is prominent in North- 
ern Arizona, being an active member of the Masons and Elks. 



J. E. Cox, cashier of the Merchants and Stock Growers Bank of 
Holbrook, has a reputation for banking which preceded him to Ari- 
zona, and was, in fact, the incentive which caused the directors of the 
above bank to offer him the position of cashier. The record made by 
Mr. Cox while associated with the First National Bank of Albuquer- 
que, N. M., was known outside that state, and when the prominent 
business men of Holbrook planned the forming of a company to start 
a bank there, the only man considered for cashier, when it should be 
completed, was J. E. Cox. The record which the Merchants and 
Stock Growers Bank has made under Mr. Cox's direction has fully 
equalled the expectations of those concerned and proven that the con- 



IN A R I 7 O N A 



245 




J. K. Cax 

fidence they displayed in his ability was well deserved. Mr. Cox is a 
man interested in matters of public importance, in politics a Republi- 
can of some influence, but not an office seeker. He is a prominent 
member of the Elks and Masons. He was born in Kellogg, Iow T a, edu- 
cated there and at Moline, Illinois, and received his first knowledge 
of banking in The Moline National Bank, at Moline, 111. He is the 
son of C. C. and Margaret A. Cox, and in 1905 was married to Miss 
Minnie Peterson. They have three children, Margaret, Louise and 
Anne. Mrs. Cox is intimately associated with church and charitable 
work in and about Holbrook. 



THE SOUTHERN ARIZONA BANK & TRUST COMPANY, one of 
Tucson's solid financial institutions doing business according to the 
most modern methods, has a paid in capital of $75,000 and resources 
amounting to more than one million dollars, while its aggregate de- 
posits are close to the million mark. This company was organized in 
May, 1903, and its original capitalization was but $50,000. Its sur- 
plus and undivided profits now amount to more than $50,000. This 
institution is one of the largest in this section of the country from 
the point of view of deposits and resources, and its policy of carrying 
50% of deposits in quick cash assets ard cash reserves makes it second 
to none in the state in the matter of strength, and causes the institu- 



246 WHO'S WHO 

tion to stand exceedingly high in the confidence of the public. A gen- 
eral banking business is conducted, both check and savings accounts 
being received and on the latter four per cent interest per annum is 
allowed. They also issue letters of credit and travelers' checks, pay- 
able practically everywhere in the world. 

The trust department of the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Com- 
pany is one of the most complete known in Arizona, and they are 
competent to act as trustee or administrator, and to take charge of 
estates. They also conduct a real estate and insurance department 
under thoroughly qualified men, and they loan money on city prop- 
erty. This bank also extends accommodations to its clients in Tucson 
and vicinity whenever consistent with sound banking principles, as the 
entire business of the institution is conducted along the lines of wise 
and conservative, though liberal, methods. 

The officers of the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Company are 
as follows: N. E. Plumer, president; Fred J. Steward, vice president; 
G. H. Sawyer, secretary. These three officers together with J. Ivan- 
covich and R. Power, compose the board of directors. 



N. E. PLUMER, president of the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust 
Company, is the son of Nathaniel B. and Martha Sanborn Plumer, 
and was born in Detroit. Mich., February 28, 1866. Mr. Plumer's 
parents were both natives of New England, and when he was a small 
child, they returned to their Boston home, and there he was reared and 
educated in the public schools, and there he made his home until he 
engaged in business for himself. Mr. Plumer's first employment was 
with the George H. Hammond Packing Co., whose representative he 
was for several years, when he engaged in the packing business on his 
own account. He was subsequently Eastern representative of the 
Cudahy Packing Company, and as such he practically built up their 
eastern business, established branch houses, and bought or built the 
company's real estate throughout the east. Coming to Arizona sixteen 
years ago, Mr. Plumer first engaged in real estate and insurance busi- 
ness for three years, as member of the firm of Plumer & Steward, of 
Tucson. He then organized The Southern Arizona Bank & Trust 
Company, was elected president of the corporation, and has since held 
this position. During the comparatively short time this bank has 
been in existence it has advanced from the smallest bank in the city to 
second place, and now ranks among the strongest in the state, which is 
to be attributed mainly to Mr. Plumer's guidance of its affairs. Mr. 
Plumer is a descendant of early time New England families, and a 
distant relative of Daniel Webster. Mrs. Plumer, also a native of 
New England, was formerly Miss Mabel Roberts. Though so prom- 
inently known in the business world, Mr. Plumer has never had any 
inclination for political or fraternal associations. He is a member of 
The Old Pueblo Club. Both Mrs. Plumer and he are members of 
the Corgregationalist Church. They have one daughter, five years old. 



IN ARIZONA 



24: 




N. E. Plumer 



248 



W H S \V H O 



JAMES J. GILLEN, of the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, was born in St. Catherine's, Ontario, July 8, 1886, and' is the 

son of Matthew and 
Margaret S.Delaney 
Gillen. He w-as edu- 
cated in the public 
schools of Chicago 
and the University 
of Illinois. Mr. Gil- 
len has had consider- 
able experience in 
banking, having been 
employed for ten 
years with the Con- 
tinental and Com- 
m e r c Pa 1 National 
Bank, Chicago, in 
v a r i ous capacities, 
and when he resign- 
ed from their em- 
ploy was holding the 
position of credit 
man. He came to 

Arizona in 1912, located in Tucson and has since been employed by 
the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Company. Mr. Gillen is a 
well known member of the Knights of Columbus, the Old Pueblo 
Club, Tucson, and the Mohawk Club, Chicago. 




GORDON HAYWARD SAWYER, secretary of the Southern Arizona 
Bank Si Trust Company, has been permanently associated with this 
institution since September, 1910, when he became assistant secretary. 
Mr. Sawyer had previously spent seven months in Tucson, during 
part of which he was temporarily employed by the above bank. He 
was born in Chicago November 2, 1871, but was reared and educated 
in Joliet. Having graduated from the high school, he was employed 
as collector for the First National Bank of that city, remained with 
them six years, meantime advancing to the position of teller. He then 
accepted a position as assistant cashier of the Joliet National Bank, 
with which he remained until his removal to Tucson. Since Mr. Saw- 
yer's connection with the Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Company, 
its resources have increased to more than $1,000,000, and its deposits 
have more than doubled, and the bank stands among the foremost of 
the state. Mr. Sawyer was made a Master Mason, March, 1901, a 
Royal Arch Mason, May, 1901, a Knight Templar and Knight of 
Malta, October, 1901, and a member of Medinah Temple, November 
of the same year. He was elected treasurer of Joliet Commandery 



[ N A R I / O X A 



249 




Gordon H. Sawyer 



250 



WHO S WHO 



No. 4 in June, 1902; Senior Warden the following year, and ad- 
vanced yearly to the station of Eminent Commander, which he filled 
from June, 1906, to June, 1907. He was also Treasurer of Matteson 
Lodge No. 175, A. F. & A. M., for several years. Since residing in 
Arizona he has demitted from all eastern Masonic bodies and been 
elected to membership in Arizona Commandery No. 1, with full rank 
as Past Commander of same, in order that he may enjoy the same 
rank as he held in Joliet Commandery No. 4. He has also added the 
Scottish Rite degrees. In politics he is Republican, but not active and 
has never held a political position. Mr. Sawyer was married in 1895 
to Miss Sara Fleming, of McGregor, Iowa, now deceased. He has 
three children, Gordon H., Jr., Isabel and Kent. 



The First National Bank of Clifton 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF CLIFTON was organized in 1901. 
Its capital is $30,000, which is fully paid, and while this bank does not 
rank among the large institutions of Arizona, it does rank foremost 
among the soundest. Its management is able and experienced, and its 
directorate and stockholders are found among some of the leading 
business and professional men of that section. E. M. Williams, presi- 
dent, is also one of the founders and a charter director. As general 
manager of the Arizona Copper Company store, he is known through- 
out the state as a responsible business man. Henry Hill, vice presi- 
dent, is a well known business man of Clifton. W. J. Riley, cashier, 
is also director of the State Bank of Morenci and the Bank of Dun- 
can, and since he has grown to manhood, has been almost continuously 
employed in banking, while J. J. Kelly, assistant cashier, is a native of 
the state, and has grown up in the banking business, and although a 
young man has attained to prominence in banbirg circles. 

The board of directors consists of the foregoing officials, together 
w T ith John R. Hampton, vice president of the Valley Bank, Phoenix, 
George Frazer, John Webster, J. T. McClay, C. O. Billingsley, and 
Sam Abraham, proprietor of the Clifton Hotel. 



E. MILTON WILLIAMS, president of the First National Bank of 
Clifton, and general manager of the Arizona Copper Company store, 
is well known in commercial and financial matters generally. He was 
one of the foundei ; and a charter director of the bank, which opened 
for business May 14, 1901. Mr. Williams was born October 26, 
1862, in Rockford, Ala., and reared in that state. Having graduated 
from high school, he took a course in the Agricultural & Mechanical 
College, at Auburn, was graduated in 1883, and for ten years was 
employed in commercial life in the vicinity of his home. He then 
decided to try his fortunes further west and has spent some time in 
Chicago, Denver, and the State of Washington. In 1893 he came to 



IN ARIZONA 



251 




E. Milton Williams 



2-52 



W H S WHO 



Arizona to accept a position as salesman in the dry goods department 
of the Arizona Copper Company store at Clifton, and in 1897 he was 
made manager of the Morenci branch of this store, and later general 
manager of the department stores of the company, in charge of all 
three of their houses. In each capacity in which he has served affairs 
under his jurisdiction have shown the results of ability and thorough- 
ness. Air. Williams is a stockholder in the Arizona Copper Company 
and one of the most substantial and well known men of affairs in that 
section of Arizona. Fraternally he is a member of the Masons and 
Elks, and politically is a Democrat, but with no aspirations to office, 
although at the instance of his friends, he served one term in the 
Territorial Legislature. Mr. Williams was married November 14, 
1900, to Miss Margaret Lee Harris, daughter of Judge George 
Harris, of San Saba, Texas. 



WILLIAM J. RILEY, cashier of The First National Bank of Clifton, 
is well known throughout Arizona financial circles, as he is also a di- 
rector of the State Bank of Morenci and of the Bank of Duncan. He 
is the son of Francis S. and Frances Webb Riley, of San Diego, and in 

the latter city he was born and 
educated. Having completed a 
commercial course, his first po- 
sition was as bookkeeper in a 
bank in San Diego. On coming 
to Arizona, Mr. Riley located 
in Yurra, where he was em- 
ployed in a bank, and soon be- 
came as well known in the po- 
litical as in the business life. 
During his residence there he 
served a term as Deputy Coun- 
ty Recorder of the County. In 
1904 he went to Clifton to ac- 
cept a position with The First 
National Bank, was promoted 
to the place of assistant cashier, 
and after three years service to 
his present position. In addi- 
tion to his banking associations, 
Mr. Riley is interested in vari- 
ous enterprises of a different na- 
ture, and is secretary and treas- 
urer of Clifton Lumber and Im- 
provement Company. He has also served a term as city treasurer. 
He is a member of the Masons, and Master of Clifton Lodge, and is 
treasurer of Clifton Lodge No. 1174 B. P. O. E. Mr. Riley married 
Miss Jessie C. Cummins, and they have one child, Frances E. 




t N 



ARIZONA 



253 



J. J. KELLY, assistant cashier of the First National Bank of Clifton, 
although one of the youngest, is one of the best known bankers in the 
state, and no doubt enjoys as wide an acquaintance among the finan- 
ciers of the Southwest as any banker in Arizona. He began his busi- 
ness life in a bank and has grad- 
ually advanced from minor posi- 
tions to the one he now holds. 
His training has, therefore, been 
thorough, and he has mastered 
;ill the details of the business. 
Mr. Kelly is the son of pioneer 
Arizonans, Michael and Julia 
Sullivan Kelly, and was born in 
the historic town of Tomb- 
stone on January 26, 1887, 
when this was the metropolis 
of the Territory, and his father 
v^ as one of the important figures 
of that day. Mr. Kelly is one 
of the best known politicians of 
Greenlee, and has served a term 
as United States Commissioner. 
He was recently appointed re- 
ceiver of a large establishment 
in Clifton, and the manner in 
which he disposed of the prop- 
erty and the amount made 
available to the creditors, as a 
result, elicited much commenda- 
tion. Mr. Kelly is also well 
known in the social and fraternal life of the state and is one of the 
youngest men who ever held the position of Exalted Ruler of the Elks. 
His administration in that capacity was, like his other undertakings, a 
complete success. During that time the order was placed on a sound 
financial basis, and the membership increased in a most gratifying de- 
gree. Mr. Kelly was united in marriage to Miss Grace Grey, also a 
native of Arizona, who is a favorite in the community. They have a 
bright and interesting little son, who has been named for his father. 





254 



VV H O S WHO 




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3 
b 



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oi 

w 



a; 
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[ N ARIZONA 



255 



The Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company 

THE GILA VALLEY BANK & TRUST COMPANY, which, in addition 
to its principal house at Globe, has branches at Ray, Winkleman, Mo- 
renci, Clifton, Hayden, Safford and Miami, has proven a most im- 
portant factor in the business growth of that section of Arizona, and 
done much in aiding to success hundreds of people engaged in mining, 
agriculture, and cattle raising in the vicinity of its houses. The ad- 
vantages possible in this particular have been considerably increased by 
the fact that eight banks in different towns, but all under one strong 
and capable management cover a greater area with much more expedi- 
ence than would be possible by the same number of individual banking 
companies, even though the aggregate of their resources were greater 
than those of the Gila Valley Bank Si Trust Company. Under this 
arrangement the people of the smallest of these towns have the benefit 
of dealing with a large institution, in reality, for they appreciate the 
fact that each branch is as strong and as high in its financial responsi- 
bility as the entire system behind it. They realize also that should any 
of the ordinary financial difficulties be met with in their immediate 
locality, the local bank need not necessarily be put to any exceptional 
test as would otherwise doubtless be the case, to meet the demands of 
depositors needlessly alarmed, but having the strength of the entire 
Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company to rely upon, the situation would 
never assume serious proportions. 

The Gila Bank & Trust Company was organized in 1900 with a 
capitalization of $100,000, all of which is paid in. They have a sur- 
plus of $60,000, and deposits amounting to almost $2,000,000. In all 
their branches they transact a general banking business, loan money, 
buy and sell exchange, make collections and receive deposits, both for 
commercial and savings accounts, and utilize every modern system 
which in any way tends to benefit financial transactions. 

The Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company has in its employ in each 
of its houses men who are well trained in banking, and familiar with 
every detail of the requirements of their position. This is notably true 
of the manage,r?, many of whom have received their bank training in 
the very best possible way, in large eastern houses, either national 
banks or private banking firms, where emergencies must be met and 
questions coped with that broaden a man's horizon in this calling and 
develop in him the power to quickly respond to the unusual demands 
of the day and to rise to the occasion and satisfactorily dispose of 
matters of a special nature requiring his attention. 

The officers of the company are as follows: President C. E. Mills; 
Vice Presidents, L. D. Ricketts and T. A. Pascoe; Cashier, Harry S. 
Van Gorder ; General Manager, R. E. Moore, all of whom are 
prominently known in the business enterprises of the state. 



256 



W II O S \V H O 



HARRY S. VAN GORDER, cashier of the Gila Valley Bank and 
Trust Company and general manager of the department store of the 
Detroit Copper Mining Company of Arizona, at Morenci, was born 
in Philadelphia in 1858, but at an early age removed to Warren, O., 
where his boyhood was spent. He was educated at the Allegheny 
College, Meadville, Penn., and the Pennsylvania Military College, 




Harry S. Van Gorder 

Chester, Penn., and graduated from the latter in 1879. Having held 
several positions about his early home, he went to Golden, Colo., in 
1886, and there engaged in business about three years. He next 
opened a store in Orient, Colo., where he remained until 1891, when 
he came to Arizona to accept his present position. The present home 
of the store was built since Mr. Van Gorder's coming, and every de- 
tail of the same was planned by him, and it was he who directed the 
work of the architect and builder, and the result is a store that has 



IX A R I / X A 



257 



few equals in the West. Mr. Van Gorder has not only done much 
in the interests of the business of which he is general Manager, but 
has aided materially in the progiess of the town, and is regarded 
by all who know him as a man of sound judgment and commercial 
integrity. 







R. E. Moore 



R. E. MOORE, general manager of the entire system of the Gila Val- 
ley Bank Si Trust Company, is a banker trained in the school whose 
graduates become a success. He was born on a farm in Kansas in 
1872, and was educated in the common schools of the country where 
Eureka, Kansas, now stands. At an early age he showed the indis- 
pensable characteristic of the successful beginner, frugality, and with 
the assistance of his parents was able to take a course in the Southern 
Kansas Academy at Eureka, where he spent three years. He then 
went to Kansas City, where he was graduated from a business college 
with such a record that he was immediately given a position with a 
prominent financial institution as private secretary to the president, 
and utilizing his spare time at bookkeeping, got an insight into the 



258 WHO'S WHO 

general workings of a large firm. Later he went to El Paso, where 
he accepted a position with the First National Bank, and acquired 
valuable experience as well as a knowledge of Arizona. He soon 
realized the possibilities in this great territory, but feeling that he re- 
quired a little more experience, accepted a position as chief clerk with 
the American Smelting & Refining Company at Monterey, Mexico. 
Here he spent three years, and established a record for a knowledge of 
banking, mining, and other industries, a reputation which traveled to 
Morenci, where men of his calibre were constantly being sought. He 
was taken there, assayed highly, and when a responsible position was 
available in Globe, was placed in it. He was manager of the Globe 
Bank of this company for several years and has recently been made 
general manager. Mr. Moore is not only a leader in banking affairs, 
but has a good knowledge of all phases of mining and is of great as- 
sistance in the different transactions to which his clients are a party. 
His duties require his making regular trips to all the branches of the 
Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company, keeping in close touch with the 
condition of all of them, and giving the men in charge the benefit of 
his knowledge and experience. He was married in 1904 to Miss 
Louise Wilcox, daughter of Judge Wilcox, prominently known in 
El Paso and vicinity. Two boys have been born to them, Eastmer 
and Albert. Mrs. Moore is well known in social life and one of 
Globe's most charming women. 



JOHN D. WICK, JR., manager of The Gila Valley Bank & Trust 
Company, at Globe, Arizona, was born in Youngstow r n, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 13, 1876, and has been a resident of Arizona for more than 
seven years. Before coining to this state he was employed in the 
treasurer's office of the American Sheet and Tin Plate Company, as 
chief clerk, for four years. This is a subsidiary company of the 
United States Steel Corporation, with headquarters in New York 
City, where Mr. Wick was in their employ. His first position in 
Arizona was with The Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company in a 
minor capacity, from which he has been advanced to that of manager 
of the Globe Branch. Being thoroughly experienced in banking and 
financial matters in general, Mr. Wick has done much to increase the 
number of the bank's friends in his locality. He is an active member 
of the Masonic order. 

W. P. LATHROP, manager of the Safford Branch of The Gila Val- 
ley^ Bank & Trust Co., is a descendant of the Lathrop family, which 
emigrated from England to Massachusetts at an early date in the his- 
tory of this country. His father was Dr. William Perry Lathrop, 
who^was born in Greensburg, Ind., and died at Glenwood, Iowa, in 
1875. The subject of this sketch was educated in the public schools 
of Iowa, afterward receiving a thorough business course. He has had 
a splendid business experience, and for the past eight years has been 



IN ARIZONA 



259 




W. P. Lathrop 



John D. Wick. Jr. 



in the banking business almost continuously. For four years he was 
with the International Banking Corporation, 60 Wall St., New 
York, the greater part of the time as manager of one of its foreign 
branches. Mr. Lathrop never has aspired to nor occupied any public 
office, but is treasurer of the Graham County Chamber of Commerce, 
and a hard worker in any plan to promote the welfare of the com- 
munity. In politics he has been a Republican, but affiliated with the 
Progressive Party in the campaign of 1912, and as State Committee- 
man was prominently identified with that party in Southeast Arizona. 



ED. M. BLAKE, manager of the branch banks of the Gila Valley 
Bank & Tru^t Company at Hayden, Ray and Winkelman, came to 
Arizona in 1876. As he was wearing kilts at that time, he is practi- 
cally a native Arizonan. He is the son of Francis W. Blake, one of 
the pioneer bankers of Arizona, nephew of Thomas J. Butler, Terri- 
torial Treasurer for several terms during the late eighties and early 
nineties, and of J. Frank Meador, Territorial Auditor under Gover- 
nor Zulick. Mr. Blake has been in the banking business most of the 
time since he finished school in Ohio. He was manager of The Bank 
of Bisbee's branch at Naco for eight years, and was later elected 



26<i 



W H () S WHO 









Harry Stanton Bailey 



Ed. M. Blake 



Myron Porges 



cashier of The Bank of Lowell, vvhich position he resigned to accept 
one as assistant cashier of a National Bank in Santa Ana, California. 
He remained in the latter state two years, but the attractions of Ari- 
zona with its statehood have brought him back. In 1894 Mr. Blake 
married Miss Mary Otis, daughter of T. W. Otis, a pioneer mer- 
chant of Prescott, and their two boys, Francis and Edward, and their 
three girls, Margaret, Mary and Caroline, will in due time assume 
their duties and responsibilities as Arizonans. 



HARRY STANTON BAILEY, manager of The Gila Valley Bank & 
Trust Company at Winkelman, was born at Morganto\vn, Kentucky, 
April 4, 1887. He is the son of James A. and Frances C. Bailey, both 
natives of Kentucky. He was educated in the public schools of Mor- 
gantown, w 7 here he was graduated from the High School, and took a 
business course at Bowling Green. His first position was in a bank 
at Morgantown as messenger and check filer. He was later head 
bookkeeper with the John M. Carson Banking Company, Morgan- 
town, which position he resigned to come to Arizona and accept an- 
other with The Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company at Globe. With 
this company he first served as individual bookkeeper, then exchange 
teller, receiving teller, and in May, 1912, was promoted to his present 



I X 



A R I /, X A 



261 




Gila Valley Bank and Trust Co., at Hayden 



position at the Winkelman Branch. Mr. Bailey is a member of the 
Woodmen of the World and the Improved Order of Redrnen. He 
was married on Christmas, 1911. to Miss Eulalia Morehead. 



MYRON FORGES, manager of The Gila Valley Bank & Trust Com- 
pany at Ray. was born at Dillon, Summit County, Colorado, January 
5. 1888, was educated in the public schools of Colorado, and gradu- 
ated from the High School of Cripple Creek. His first position was a 
minor one w^ith the Bimetallic Bank at Cripple Creek, from which 
he went to the First National Bank in the same town. He then spent 
two years in Goldfield, Nevada, and returned to Colorado to accept a 
position as assistant cashier of the City Bank. His next move was to 
Los Angeles, where he secured a position with the Central National 
Bank, but before long he removed to Arizona to enter the employ of 
the Gila Valley Bank & Trust Company at Winkelman. The excel- 
lent training and varied experience which Mr. Forges had had in 
b?nking work enabled him to most satisfactorily and ably meet the 
requirements of his position with the Gila Valley Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, and before long he was promoted to manager of the Ray Branch. 
Mr. Forges is an active member of the B. P. O. E. He married Miss 
Fannie Gottberg. They have two little daughters, Evelyn, aged four, 
and Emily, aged two. 



262 



W HO S WHO 




H. O. Fitzsimmons 
Manager Gila Valley Bank and Trust Co. at Miami 



J. R. TODD, manager of the Clifton branch of the Gila Valley 
Bank & Trust Company, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1879. 
He was reared and educated in his native country, and there received 
his training in the banking business, having been employed in the Na- 
tional Bank of Scotland in several of their offices. This bank has 
about one hundred and fifty branches, and is doing business in all the 
cities and principal towns of the British Isles. His knowledge of the 
business is, therefore, most thorough and accurate. On coming to 
Arizona Mr. Todd was first employed by the Arizona Copper Com- 
pany and the Arizona & New Mexico Railway Company for five years, 
and when he left the employ of the latter company was holding the 
position of chief bookkeeper and paymaster. He then took a position 
as assistant cashier of the Globe National Bank, Globe, which he 
retained for one year, and then accepted one as traveling auditor for 



IN ARIZONA 



263 



the Phelps Dodge Company, Inc. This he successfully filled for a 
period of three years, and resigned when offered his present position in 
charge of the Clifton branch of the Gila Valley Bank & Trust Com- 
pany. In this capacity, Mr. Todd has used to the best advantage and 
to the best interests of all concerned, his comprehensive knowledge of 
banking, and the results have been exceedingly satisfactory. He is an 
active member of the Masonic order, but takes no active part in poli- 
tical matters. He is married, makes his home in Clifton, and has one 
son. 



J. C. EFROMSON, manager of the Morenci branch of the Gila Val- 
ley Bank & Trust Company, to which position he was appointed to 




J. C. Efromson 



succeed Mr. Moore, now general manager of the entire string of 
banks, is a native of Indiana. Mr. Efromson \vas born in 1880 in 
Indianapolis, spent his early life there, and upon leaving school took 
up railroad work. He was employed by the New York Central Lines, 
and when ne left their employ, had worked up to the position of chief 
accountant in Indianapolis. In 1902 he entered the employ of the 



264 



WHO S \V H O 



Columbia National Bank of that city, with whom he continued for 
five years, during which he held all subordinate positions, and had 
been promoted to the position of auditor. In 1907 he came west, 
spent one year in Riverside with friends, and about seven months 
with the First National Bank of Los Angeles, and in 1909, having 
accepted a position in the Globe branch of the Gila Valley Bank & 
Trust Company, removed to Arizona. After some time in Globe he 
was promoted to the position of manager of the Miami branch, which 
w r as shortly followed by a promotion to his present position. In poli- 
tics Mr. Efromson is a Democrat, but has never held a political office. 
He is a member of the Royal Arch and Scottish Rite Masons and of 
El Zaribah Temple of the Mystic Shrine of Phoenix. Mr. Efromson 
was married in 1910 to Miss Marjorie Ray, of Perrysburg, Ohio, 
who is a lineal descendant of Daniel Boone. One son has been born 
to their union. 



First National Bank of Douglas 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF DOUGLAS is incorporated under 
the laws of Arizona and is a United States depository. It was or- 
ganized with a capitalization of $100,000, and its management com- 
prises some of the most reliable and prominent citizens of the state. 
Honorable B. A. Packard, a pioneer Arizona business man whose repu- 
tation throughout the state for business ability, integrity and efficiency 
is absolutely unexcelled, is the president. Being a man whose person- 
ality has attracted to him positions of honor and trust, both appointive 
and elective, Mr. Packard's name in the list of organizers and at the 
head of this institution has been one of its valuable assets from the 
beginning. E. W. Graves, cashier, is a thoroughly trained and com- 
petent bank official. . He has been known in the financial life of Ari- 
zona for many years and spent almost two decades in the employ of 
the Consolidated National Bank of Tucson, and to his business ca- 
pacity and uniform courtesy much of the bank's continuous growth 
may be attributed. Its deposits now amount to more than $850,000, 
and its total resources are more than a million. Its affairs are judi- 
ciously managed on a broad, but conservative, basis, and its facilities, 
both financial and physical, for accommodating the public wants are 
ample. The First National Bank is located on the most prominent 
corner in Douglas, Tenth and "G" Avenues, in a modern, complete 
three story building which is an addition to the business section of the 
city. The equipment is modern and includes a large safety deposit 
vault. The Board of Directors includes the officials previously named 
and T. E. Pollock, president of the Arizona Central Bank of Flag- 
staff ; L. W. Powell, well known mining man of Cochise County; 
James Wood, George Dawe and A. B. Packard, all of Douglas. 



IN ARIZONA 



265 




Burdett Aden Packard 



-66 WHO'S WHO 

BURDETT ADEN PACKARD, miner and cattleman, is one of the most 
prominent and interesting men of Arizona, with whose history he has 
been actively associated since 1880. Mr. Packard was born in Port- 
ville, New York, November 1, 1847, and was educated principally 
under private tutors, but later attended Alfred Academy, New \ ork. 
His parents, Ashley G. and Virtue V. Crandall Packard, were of 
English descent. Mr. Packard's business life began at the age of six- 
teen, when he went into the lumber business with his father; at eigh- 
teen he became associated with the mercantile business, and after six 
years of service in this capacity, located in Bradford, Penn., where he 
operated in oil. His next move was to Arizona, where he took up 
mining and cattle business, and located at Tombstone, and during his 
residence there owned, developed and sold several large mines at re- 
munerative figures. Since 1884 his interests have been largely in the 
cattle business, and he was formerly associated with William C. 
Greene in the ownership of the Turkey Track Cattle Company, oper- 
ating in Sonora, Mexico, and Arizona, whose holdings comprise about 
700,000 acres of land and 40,000 head of cattle. Politically, Mr. 
Packard has been actively interested in the affairs of the Democratic 
party, but the demands of business have prevented his devoting but 
little time to official life. He has, however, represented the County of 
Cochise in the Council during the 18th and 19th sessions of the Legis- 
lature. In the former he gained much distinction as author of the re- 
districting bills and other measures that have proven of great benefit 
to the state. In the latter he was member of the Committees on Mines 
and Mining; Ways and Means; Enrolled and Engrossed Bills; 
Claims, and Territorial Affairs, and was a strong influence in the 
Council. He is president of the First National Bank of Douglas, to 
which position he was chosen in 1907. He is a prominently known 
Mason of the 32nd degree and member of the Mystic Shrine. Mr. 
Packard has been twice married. His first wife, formerly Miss Ella 
Lewis, of New York, to whom he was married in 1879, died in 1891, 
leaving three children. In May, 1903, Mr. Packard was again mar- 
ried to Mrs. Carlota W. Holbrook, of Tucson. 



E. W. GRAVES, Cashier of the First National Bank of Douglas, 
has had many years' experience in banking, most of which has been 
with banks in Southern Arizona. Mr. Graves was born in Dubuque, 
Iowa, in 1869, and gained his first experience in the financial world 
with the First National Bank, Colorado Springs. When quite a 
young man he came to Arizona, and for twenty years was employed 
in the Consolidated National Bank, Tucson, where he served suc- 
cessively as messenger, general clerk and assistant cashier, and removed 
to Douglas to become cashier of the First National Bank, and much 
of the success of this bank may be attributed to his indefatigable zeal, 
careful business methods, and uniform courtesy to its patrons. He is 



[ N ARIZONA 



267 



also a member of its Board of Directors. In 1902 Mr. Graves 
was married in El Paso to Miss Sadie Etchells, of Tucson. He has 
one child, Petra. Mr. Graves is a well known member of the 
Douglas Lodge of Elks. 




E. W. Graves 



Citizens Bank & Trust Co. 

THE CITIZEXS BANK & TRUST COMPANY, Bisbee, was organized 
June 30, 1906, by more than fifty of the substantial business men of 
Bisbee with an authorized capitalization of $100,000. This bank 
opened for business October 8, 1906, having a paid in capital of $50,- 
000, since that time its business has grown with the Warren District, 
and it now enjoys the confidence of its fifteen hundred patrons. The 
home of the Citizens Bank & Trust Company, situated on Main 
Street, is constructed throughout of reinforced concrete, and is the 
only really fireproof building in Bisbee. It is elegantly fitted out 
with up to date furniture and fixtures, has two reinforced burglar 



268 



\V H O S WHO 




Will E. McKee 



IN ARIZONA 



2G9 



and fireproof vaults and is equipped with time lock safes and safety 
deposit boxes of the most modern design. The Citizens Bank & Trust 
Company handles every branch of the banking business and was the 
pioneer in Bisbee in the establishment of a Savings Department paying 
interest at the rate of four per cent per annum upon savings accounts. 
Since the exceptional success of this department became recognized the 
other banks in Bisbee have installed Savings Departments along the 
same lines, and now the combined savings accounts in the district ag- 
gregate more than three-quarters of a million dollars. The officers 
of the Citizens Bank & Trust Company are Will E. McKee, presi- 
dent ; B. A. Taylor, first vice president ; F. A. Watkins, second vice 
president; C. A. McDonald, cashier, and O. W. Wolf, assistant 
cashier. 



WILL E. McKEE, President of the Citizens Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, Bisbee, and Superintendent of Machinery for the C. & A. 
Mining Company, is a mechanical engineer of many years' experience, 
having followed this line of work since 1890. Mr. McKee was born 
in Indiana in 1866, and educated in the public schools of Illinois and 
the University of Illinois, from which he was graduated as mechanical 
engineer in 1890. His first position was with the Link-Belt Ma- 
chinery Co., Chicago, as draughtsman, and the following year he 
went to Springfield and entered the employ of A. L. Ide & Sons, re- 
mained there fifteen months and became associated with consulting 
engineers in Chicago. His next position was that of Chief Engineer 
for a heat and lighting company, Milwaukee, and then for one year 
he was obliged to recuperate in Dallas, Texas. He was later em- 
ployed by the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Co., of Ishpeming, Mich., as 
Master Mechanic from 1898 to 1905, and since the latter year 
has been a resident of the Warren District, in his present position. 
Mr. McKee is a Republican, and a member of both County and State 
Central Committees. While at all times actively interested in 
politics, he has never held or sought an office. He is a Mason, being 
a member of the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Commandery, York 
Rite. He has also taken the 32nd degree in Scottish Rite 
Masonry. He is also a member of the Mystic Shrine and 
of the B. P.' O. E., in the latter having held all subordinate offices, 
including Exalted Ruler in Ishpeming Lodge No. 447. He is a 
member of the Warren District Country Club. October 18, 1892, 
he was married to Miss Isa D. Fisher, in Denver, Colorado. Mrs. 
McKee is a prominent member of the Woman's Club of Bisbee and 
the Warren District Country Club. They have one daughter. 
Lottie, a finished musician and singer, well known throughout the 
Warren District. 



270 



WHO S WHO 




C. A. McDonald 



IN ARIZONA 271 



CHARLES A. McDoNALD, Cashier of the Citizens' Bank and Trust 
Company, Bisbee, was born in California in 1876, and spent his early- 
life on a farm. He was educated in the public schools, and, having 
been graduated from High School, obtained employment in the mines. 
He came to Arizona in 1898, and for four years was employed in the 
mines about Bisbee, after which he was elected Justice and for 
four years was thus employed. He has also served five years as 
Recorder of Cochise County, having been elected on the Democratic 
ticket. Mr. McDonald was one of the organizers of the Citizens 
Bank and Trust Company, and has been one of its directors since its 
organization in 1906, but has been Cashier only since December, 1911, 
and has proven a highly capable official. He has various other inter- 
ests in the vicintiy, and is secretary and director of the Cadena de 
Cobre Mining Company, and of the Los Chinos Development Com- 
pany. He is also a member of the Board of School Trustees and of 
the Board of Education of Bisbee. He is exceedingly popular frater- 
nally also, being a member of the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Com- 
mandery Masons, ard a member of El Zaribah Temple A. A. O. N. 
M. S., Phoenix. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and 
of the Bisbee Lodge of Elks. Mr. McDonald married Miss Helen 
Josephine Nemeck, and to them have been born two daughters, Helen 
Bernice and Emilv Artice. 



Arizona National Bank 

THE ARIZONA NATIONAL BANK, which was original Iv known as 
the Santa Cruz Valley Bank, has from the beginning of its 
career, several decades ago, enjoyed the confidence of the people of 
Tucson and vicinity. The story of this bank is well known in the 
community, and its constant and rapid growth, and the steady in- 
crease in its patronage and the volume of its business are indisputable 
tokens of its safety and prosperity. Its officers are, above all, conser- 
vative, and its patrons receive at their hands the most courteous treat- 
ment, while accommodations consistent with good business are accord- 
ed all clients. The Arizona National Bank is eminently noted for its 
solidity and conservatism and is known as the Arizona "Bank of Eng- 
land"." It was founded in 1889 by L. M. and B. M. Jacobs and M. 
P. Freeman, and then known as The Santa Cruz Valley Bank. After 
some years it was reorganized, became a national bank, and assumed 
its present name. None of the organizers of The Santa Cruz Valley 
Bank are now connected with the management, as Mr. Freeman with- 
drew many years ago and the Messrs. Jacobs recently disposed of their 
control to the present management. At a meeting held in January, 
1913, it was decided to increase the capital stock of the bank to $100,- 
000. Its last statement shows the resources to be nearly $700,000, 



272 



WHO s WHO 




Charles F. Solomon 



IN ARIZONA 



and its aggregate deposits $500,000. The gain in the volume of 
business since its reorganization in January last has amounted to more 
than fifty per cent. The Arizona National Bank conducts a general 
banking business in all its branches, and none in this section is better 
prepared for making collections, issuing exchange, or expediting any of 
the details of actual banking, but being a national bank, it does not deal 
in real estate or accept real estate as collateral. At the last annual meet- 
ing Charles F. Solomon, well known in the banking and commercial 
life of Graham County, and one of the most conservative business 
men in Arizona, was elected President, and Ph. Freudenthal of Solo- 
monville,* Arizona, banker, and Mose Drachman, one of Tucson's 
leading real estate dealers, Vice Presidents. The other officials are F. 
H. Thorpe, cashier; J. H. McClear and Anthony Coenen, assistant 
cashiers. The new directorate, besides including the president, vice 
presidents and cashier, represents many of the large and important 
interests in this and other states, the remaining members of the board 
being: D. W. Wickersham, president of the Bank of Safford and of 
several other corporations; I. E. Solomon, a pioneer resident of Ari- 
zona, president of the Solomon Commercial Company and vice presi- 
dent of The Bank of Safford ; E. W. Clayton, cashier of the latter 
bank; Dr. H. W. Fenner, a prominent physician and surgeon and 
well known financier; Geo. Pusch, pioneer and large cattleman; Fred 
Fleishman, pioneer and druggist; Fred Ronstadt, manufacturer 
and merchant ; Judge J. H. Campbell, ex-Supreme Justice of 
Arizona; B. M. Jacobs, pioneer and banker. These are all men fa- 
miliar with the requirements of a strong, healthy bank, and thorough- 
ly cognizant of the value of a constant sane and liberal policy, and a 
continuation of the careful and efficient management heretofore ac- 
corded its patrons is assured them. 



CHARLES F. SOLOMON, President of the Arizona National Bank, 
one of the oldest and most reliable banks within the State, is also 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Solomon Commercial Company, 
Solomonville, and Secretary and Treasurer of the Solomon-Wicker- 
sham Co., Safford. Mr. Solomon was born in Towanda, Pa., March 
7, 1873, but has been practically reared in Arizona, the family having 
removed here when he was a small boy. His father, Isidor Elkan 
Solomon, was one of the pioneer merchants in the early days of 
Solomonville, before the advent of the railroad in that section, is 
one of the substantial citizens of the county, and aided materially in 
the upbuilding of that portion of the State. Charles F. Solomon 
has been prominent in the commercial and banking life of the State 
for many years, and was one of the organizers of the Solomon Com- 
mercial Company, and the Gila Valley Bank & Trust Co. His 
entire time w T as devoted to his banking and commercial interests in 
Graham County until January, 1913, when he was elected President 



1:74 



\V 1 1 O S WHO 



of the Arizona National Bank, and he has since been actively interested 
in this institution, and has removed his home from Solomonv.ille to 
Tucson. In every phase of his career Mr. Solomon has been re- 
garded as a man of the most substantial characteristics and the highest 
integrity, and the notable increase in the volume of the bank's business 
since its reorganization may be attributed largely to his personality 
and influence. In the fraternal life of the State he is well known, 
being a Mason of the 32nd degree, a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and of the B. P. O. E. He was married in 1895 to Miss 
Hattie Ferrin, of Tucson, Arizona, and is the father of three sons, 
Elkan, Adolph and Ferrin Louis. 




F. H. Thorpe 

F. H. THORPE, Cashier of The Arizona National Bank, is the son 
of George Sylvester and Jane Hubbell Thorpe, and was born in 
Hamden, Conn., January 26, 1872. Mr. Thorpe has been connected 
with the financial interests of Tucson for many vears, and is one of 



IN ARIZONA 



the best known and capable banking men in Arizona. For fifteen 
years he was associated with the Consolidated National Bank, and 
had been promoted to the position of Assistant Cashier, which he 
resigned six months ago to accept his present position. Mr. Thorpe 
is a member of the Old Pueblo Club and the B. P. O. E., and while 
a member of the Democratic party, has never been actively interested 
in politics. In 1907 he was married to Miss Elizabeth Robinson 
Norton, of Louisville, Ky. They have t\vo daughters, Helen Mary 
and Jane Norton. 




J. M. McClear 

J. M. McCLEAR, Assistant Cashier of The Arizona National 
Bank, was born August 26, 1882, in Tolland, Mass. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, and when quite young began to acquire 
his knowledge of banking. Before coming to Arizona he was 
employed with the State Bank of Commerce, Wallace, Idaho, and 
at the time of his resignation was Assistant Cashier. For the past 
seven years he has been connected with the Arizona National Bank of 
Tucson, and has been in his present position since 1906. Politically 
Mr. McClear has always been a progressive, is now associated with 
the Progressive party, and though actively interested in politics, has 
never been in any political position. He is a well known member of 
the Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Lodge of Elks, No. 109. 



WHOS WHO 



ANTHONY COENEN, assistant cashier of The Arizona National 
Bank, Tucson, was born in Belgium in 1847, and is the son of Hor- 
tense Jainin and Adolphus Coenen. Mr. Coenen was educated in the 
public schools and the Jesuit College at Brussels. In 1866 Mr. 
Coenen \vent to Rome to join the Papal Zouaves, of which he was a 
member until the fall of Rome in 1870, and for the two succeeding 
years he was a member of the French Zouaves, organized under the 
Republic of France. The family removed to this country in 1872. 
and located in Kentucky, where he made his home for five years. In 
1877 he came to Tucson. He has held a number of positions, having 
been Deputy Recorder from 1881 to 1888, City Assessor 1890-1891. 
Assistant Postmaster 1894-1895, while Charles DeGroff was in charge 
of the office. Since 1895 he has been in the employ of The Arizona 
National Bank. He was married in 1883 to Miss Bridget Castro, 
and they have eleven children, all of whom are living: Eugene, Clara, 
Joseph, Anthony, Jr., Louis, Helen, Imelda, Henry, Mary, Bridget 
and Melania. 



Willcox Bank and Trust Co. 

THE WILLCOX BANK & TRUST COMPANY has for several years 
filled the long felt need of a chartered bank for the vicinity of Will- 
cox, and was organized by men well known and highly esteemed a? 
financiers in that section. It opened its doors for business January 
18, 1909, and having men of high standing and breadth of business 
experience at its head, is well organized for the work entrusted to 
it, and it is a matter of pride and satisfaction to the community to 
have so able a financial institution in its midst. The building itself 
makes a most pleasing impression, being up to date in appointment. 
Its construction was a matter of careful consideration, the space 
being utilized in the most artistic manner consistent with conveni- 
ence and safety. The vault is an ingenious piece of workmanship. 
The cement, while soft, had imbedded in it scrap iron and steel bars, 
which produced a burglar proof wall twenty inches thick, the only 
opening in which is protected by massive double steel doors manufac- 
tured by a well known safe company of Ohio. The vault contains a 
3200 pound safe closed by a time lock, which it is impossible to open 
until the time for which it has been set has expired. In fact, every 
device known has been used to safeguard the interests of the patrons, 
and ample insurance is carried against burglary and daylight robbery. 
The capital of the Willcox Bank & Trust Company is $25,000, fully 
paid up, with a surplus of half that sum, and its success has been con- 
tinuous, its deposits and resources showing a constant increase. It is 
conducted by experienced men in bank work, the cashier, Horace E. 
Dunlap, having had years of experience in the banks of the state. 
H. A. Morgan, president, is a man who has sustained a reputation 



I \ A R I X O X A 

for business integrity during a residence of almost thirty years in the 
section. He is also president and general manager of the Norton- 
Morgan Commercial Company, one of the most prosperous establish- 
ments in the state. Thos. Allaire, vice president, came here from 
New York almost thirty years ago, and has since been associated with 
the best interests of the community in many lines. The board of di- 
rectors is composed of the above named officials and C. M. Roberts, 
Senator from Cochise County and well known mining and business 
man; William M. Riggs, member of the Cochise County Board of 
Supervisors, and A. Y. Smith, mining man, who formerly owned 
the controlling interest in the Commonwealth Mine at Pearce. 



HENRY A. MORGAN, President of the Willcox Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, and President and General Manager of the Norton-Morgan 
Commercial Company, has spent the greater part of his life in the far 
West. In fact, he is a typical Southwesterner, was born in Colum- 
bia, Tuolumne County, California, in 1861. His parents, George 
and Margaret Morgan, were natives respectively of England and 
Ireland, and were among the very early settlers and appreciators of 
California. Their son received all the advantages within their power 
to confer in Columbia, and at eighteen years of age was sent to a 
business college in San Francisco. His first practical business experi- 
ence was gained in 1880, when he secured a position as bookkeeper for 
the firm of Norton & Stewart, at Fort Grant, Arizona, and in this 
capacity he served until 1890. Shortly before that time the retire- 
ment of Mr. Stewart disclosed an opportunity for Mr. Morgan to 
secure an advanced position, and he was made General Manager of all 
the stores of the company. For some time previously he had resided 
at Willcox, and continued to do so under the weight of the added 
responsibility. During the years intervening since 1890, there have 
been stores started in the vicinity. Among these are stores at Cochise. 
Bonita and Klondyke, Arizona. In 1903 the Norton-Morgan Com- 
mercial Company took over the business of John H. Norton Si Co., 
and from that time it has covered a broader field and increased the 
scope of the undertaking in every way. This firm has now estab- 
lished a name for itself and is counted among the leading mercantile 
houses of Southern Arizona. Mr. Morgan was the leading spirit in 
the organization of the Willcox Bank & Trust Company, and like all 
other enterprises in which he is a factor it has met with exceptional 
success in its short career. The bank opened in 1909 with H. A. 
Morgan as President. Mr. Morgan was a member of the Willcox 
School Board for twelve years, and served as Clerk of the Board 
which erected the Grammar and the High Schools, at a cost of about 
$10,000 cash, complete, including furniture. He is a staunch mem- 
ber of the Republican party, and in 1881 attended the first Republican 
convention held in Graham Copunty. He is a prominent member of 



278 



WHO S WHO 




Henry A. Morgan 



IN ARIZONA 279 

the Masonic Order, and was Grand Master of the Masons in Arizona 
in 1911. He also served as Grand Patron of the Eastern Star in 
1908, and is now an officer of El Zaribah Temple, Mystic Shrine. In 
addition to his extensive mercantile and mining activities, he has large 
interests in real estate in Willcox as well as Tucson and Los Angeles. 
Mr. Morgan was a promoter and first President of the Southern Ari- 
zona Agricultural Fair Association, in which he has taken a very 
active part. He is also a member and leading spirit in the Willcox 
Board of Trade, and a member of the Executive Committee from 
Arizona of the International Dry Farm Congress, whose next session 
will be held at Tulsa, Okla., next fall. In 1886 Mr. Morgan married 
Miss Anna Belle Dixon, daughter of J. E. Dixon, of Tucson, Ari- 
zona. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan have four children, viz.: George P., 
Ethel R., Florence and Helen. 



HORACE E. DUNLAP, cashier of the Willcox Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, in 1855. He w r as edu- 
cated for a college professor, being graduated from Thiel College, 
Greenville, Pa., in 1877. He served as Latin tutor two years in the 
same institution, taking at the same time special studies preparatory 
to a post graduate course in an eastern university, but a general 
breakdown in health sent him to Arizona in 1882 to recuperate. 
Seven years of easy "Roughing It" on the cattle ranch of his brother, 
Burt Dunlap, in Graham County, restored his health in a measure, 
and, anticipating the coming business opportunities to be found in 
Arizona, he returned east and served an apprenticeship in Wick Bros. 
& Company's bank, in Youngstown, Ohio. The lure of the Arizona 
climate drew him back to a period in cattle ranching. From 1892 to 
1900 he resided in Willcox, serving four years as accountant in the 
large stores, which did as much banking as the average country bank, 
and an equal period as publisher of the "Arizona Range News," a 
local livestock paper. From 1900 to 1903 he was in the employ of 
The Bank of Safford, going thence to Yuma to become cashier of the 
bank of J. W. Thornton & Son, which, during his incumbency in 
that office, was nationalized, becoming the First National Bank of 
Yuma. In 1905 he returned to Graham County to become cashier 
of the Bank of Safford, with which institution he remained three 
years, when the organizers of the new bank in Willcox, the Willcox 
Bank & Trust Company, sought and secured him for the position of 
cashier. Having previously held a responsible position with the 
Norton-Morgan Commercial Company of Willcox and, during his 
former residence there, gained a wide acquaintance with the stock- 
men and mining men of the entire district, he was, with his long ex- 
perience in bank work, the logical man for the place, and the rapid 
growth of the institution under his management has amply justified 



280 



WHO S WHO 



the choice. Mr. Dunlap, in addition to being a stockholder and di- 
rector of the bank, is interested in various enterprises throughout the 
state and owner of real estate in California and in the Salt River 
Valley. In 1893, during his previous residence in Willcox, he mar- 
ried Mrs. May A. Smith, who, like himself, has been active in 




Horace E. Dunlap 



church w y ork and in the various lines of endeavor for the uplift of 
society. Gladys, their only daughter, has just been graduated from 
the Polytechnic High School, Los Angeles, and they have one son, 
Howard, aged 11. Mr. Dunlap is a member of the Willcox lodge of 
Masons, and was a Republican all his life until the last campaign, 
when he affiliated with the Progressives. He has never sought 
political office. 



IN ARIZONA 



281 



C. M. ROBERTS, Senator from Cochise County, and one of Co- 
chise's representaives in the Constitutional Convention, is a progressive 
Democrat who received his education largely in the school of experi- 
ence. His first political fight was at the primary election for the 
Constitutional Convention, and although it was known that he had 
been a considerable power in the State, there was some doubt in the 
minds of the unknowing regarding the result of the election, but w r hen 
a count was made it was found that more votes had been cast for Mr. 
Roberts than for his opponents combined, and his friends understood. 
Being a former miner as well as ranch and cattle man, he had scores 
of friends who worked for him quietly at all times, and a remarkable 
fact was that every man in his employ, or who had ever been in his 
employ, was looking after his interests, and the result of their com- 
bined efforts showed the esteem in which he is held. Mr. Roberts w r as 
born in Erath County, Texas, and is the son of a farmer. He drifted 
to the frontier and was engaged in different pursuits through the West, 
mainly mining and cattle raising, before locating in Arizona. He 
located the Cleopatra mine in Colorado, and sold it at a great profit, 
bought and sold other valuable mines, and has known what it is to be 
broke, since he made his first stake. After varied success in other 
States he came here and bought what is now the property of the 
Mascot Mining Company, which he sold, and then drifted into the 
cattle, mining and banking business. At present he and several other 
ranchmen own the Willcox Bank, in which are employed only the 
most capable, and this bank has been a success since its organization, 
as well as a benefit to the town of Willcox. In his various enter- 
prises Mr. Roberts has employed a great number of men, and there 
is no man ever worked for him but will say a kindly word of the 
Senator from Cochise. Mr. Roberts is a fighter, it necessary for 
the sake of principle, as his colleagues in the Senate realize. Phys- 
ically and mentally he is a man of the style best typified by Abraham 
Lincoln, being, like him, tall and rather spare, deliberate in the ex- 
treme, yet having a keenly penetrating mind that grasps the salient 
points in an argument and immediately analyzes them most minutely 
a mind that is, in fact, a camera of the snapshot order, in which 
impressions are so vividly portrayed as to enable him to make the best 
of any possible situation and elicit from an adversary in debate the 
telling points of the subject under discussion, but with nothing what- 
ever of craft in his methods, for Senator Roberts is above all straight- 
fonvard and direct. His ranch home at Dos Cabezas, near Willcox, 
is one of the finest in the State, and he is very proud of the woman 
who reigns there. Mrs. Roberts was Miss Madge Whitaker, and 
they were married in 1897. His only daughter, Helen, is a student 
at the University of Arizona, Tucson, and is a girl of exceptional 
ability. Though in her early teens she has written poems that show 
unmistakable evidence of gift in this direction. He also has one 
son, less than two vears old. Senator Roberts is Chairman of the 



282 



WHO S WHO 




C. M. Roberts 



IN ARIZONA 



28; 



Committee on Appropriations, and a member of the Mines and Min- 
ing, Public Lands, Counties and County Affairs and Constitutional 
Amendments and Referendum Committees. 




William Riggs 



W. M. RIGGS, Supervisor of Cochise County, and director of the 
Willcox Bank & Trust Company, is one of Arizona's many large 
cattle men, being president and also a heavy stockholders of the 
Riggs Cattle Company, one of the largest outfits in the state. Mr. 
Riggs was born in Milam County, Texas. Having had but limited 
opportunity in early life to acquire an education, atter the age of 
thirty, he took a three years' course in the Valparaiso, Indiana, Nor- 
mal School, covering the expenses of his course by money earned 
mostly as a cowboy. His father, Bronneck Riggs, was a native of 
Alabama, his mother, Mary Burleson Riggs, a native of Tennessee. 
His father and four of his brothers were Confederate veterans. In 
addition to his other business, Mr. Riggs also represents various rail- 
road companies in the matter of land scrip, and probably has handled 



284 WHO'S WHO 

scrip representing more acres than any other man in Arizona. He 
came to Tombstone, driving five teams of oxen, in 1879. Cochise 
County has been his place of residence since, excepting during the 
time spent at college. Mr. Riggs soon became interested in affairs, 
political and general, and has been a Democratic worker for many 
years. He is now serving his second term as Supervisor, having been 
a member of the Board, 1903-1907. Other than this, he has held no 
political office. He is now trustee of El Dorado School District. 



LEWIS W. COGGINS was born in Lamoine, Maine, January 15, 
1869, but received his education in the public schools of Greeley, Colo. 
In January, 1892, he came to Phoenix and engaged in the abstract 
business with Z. O. Brown under the firm name of Coggins & Brown. 
The Phoenix Title & Trust Company, with a capitalization of 
$100,000, is really an evolution of this firm, which did an abstract of 
title business until 1897. Then they consolidated with others, and 
were known as the Phoenix Title Guaranty & Abstract Company, of 
which Mr. Coggins acted as vice president until 1908, when he be- 
came sole owner. On February 1, 1910, the present company was 
formed, Mr. Coggins retaining an interest and accepting the dual 
position of secretary and manager. It is the largest and best equipped 
title company in the state and a fitting monument to Mr. Coggins' 
untiring zeal and business ability. During the years that this institu- 
tion was being evolved from the original firm of Coggins and Brown, 
Mr. Coggins was doing equally great things in an entirely different 
line, thereby giving a patriotic sheen to the lustre which his local re- 
cord had attained. As a military man he has a record which is hard 
to equal. He enlisted in Company B, First Infantry, N. G. A., on 
May 19, 1893, and in November of the same year became sergeant; 
in October, 1894, he was commissioned first lieutenant; in April, 
1896, captain, and in April of the succeeding year retired. In 1898 
he was commissioned major and inspector of rifle practice; in 1903, 
captain and adjutant First Infantry; in 1905, major and inspector of 
rifle practice; in 1908 and 1909, adjutant general with rank of col- 
onel, and again on February 16, 1912, he was commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Hunt adjutant general with rank of colonel. He is also a 
member and one of the four organizers of the Arizona Society Sons 
of the American Revolution. His right to membership in this organi- 
zation comes from his great-great-grandfather, Sergeant Asa Law- 
rence, who was an officer in General Cady's Company, llth Conn. 
Regiment, and took part in the relief of Boston and Lexington. 
While the cares of business and affairs of the nation were thus mak- 
ing demands upon the time and energy of Mr. Coggins, he was also 
engaged in political affairs, and held both county and municipal of- 
fice. He was elected assessor of Maricopa county, November, 1898, 
and at the expiration of the term declined a re-nomination. In 1906 



IN A R I Z O X A 



285 



he was elected Mayor of Phoenix on the Republican ticket, and during 
his term gambling, which had run on unchecked from the city's incep- 
tion, was entirely abolished. He was re-elected in 1907 and during 
this term many reforms were enacted. The city acquired the present 
municipal water system, which had been in litigation for several 
years; the cement sidewalk boom received its start, and many miles 
of walk were built ; the floating indebtedness of the city was provided 
for, and for the first time in years the business affairs of the city were 




Lewis W. Coggins 



put on a cash basis and conducted so that expenditures were propor- 
tionate to revenues. If the successful management of three such di- 
verse and exacting occupations as noted above do not indicate excep- 
tional ability and effort on the part of Mr. Coggins, it is safe to assert 
that the City of Phoenix can not boast of one able and energetic 
worker for its good. In January, 1896, Mr. Coggins married Miss 
Sarah E. Mason, and with their five children, Ruth M., May A., 
Ralph L., Milton D., and Alice, they form an interesting type of 
an Arizona family. 



286 



WHO'S WHO 



The First National Bank of Globe 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF GLOBE was incorporated as a 
national bank in 1901, and has since enjoyed unusual prosperity. This 
bank has always been carefully managed and the aim of the manage- 
ment has been to handle the various lines of banking in the best 
possible manner. They transact a general banking business, discount 
commercial paper, loan money on approved collateral, issue letters of 
credit and exchange on all foreign countries, and are prepared to 
handle either large or small accounts in a manner satisfactory to the 
depositor. Four per cent interest is paid on time deposits. They 
also make a specialty of financing the staple industries of that section, 
cattle and mining. The men in charge have all been identified with 
financial institutions in different parts of the State. The officers of the 
company are P. P. Greer, President ; W. D. Fisk, Vice President ; J. 
N. Robinson, Cashier; J. T. Brown and G. C. Simmons, Assistant 
Cashiers. The Directors are W. D. Fisk, J. D. Coplen, P. P. Greer, 
J. N. Robinson, L. E. Wightman, Harry Sultan and A. W. Craw- 
ford. Its capital stock is $100,000, surplus and undivided profits 
about $55,000, and deposits about $800,000. The Bank of Miami, 
another of the thriving banks of that section, is largely owned by the 
stockholders of The First National Bank of Globe. 



P. P. GREER, President of the First National Bank of Globe and 
Vice President of the Bank of Miami, was born in Bosque County, 
Texas, January 13th, 1872. His parents, Matthew S. and Sophia 
E. Lane Greer, were pioneers of that State. His father was a mer- 
chant, and Mr. Greer worked in his store for several years, then 
branched out for himself and engaged in mercantile business at 
Meridian, Texas. He came to Arizona to take a position at Fort 
Thomas as forwarding agent and bookkeeper for J. N. Porter, and in 
that position showed such aptitude for financial affairs that Mr. Porter 
sent him to Hillsboro to get an insight into banking and to develop thi^ 
faculty, in order that he might become Cashier of the Bank of Safford, 
which position he held for three years on his return to Arizona. He 
then went to Clifton and served as Cashier of the First National Bank 
for five years. He w r as next chosen Vice President of The First 
National Bank of Globe, of which Mr. Porter was President, resigned 
his position in Clifton to devote his attention to the Globe institution, 
and on Mr. Porter's resignation he was elected to succeed him. 
Mr. Greer is a member of the State and National Bankers' 
Associations, in which he has held numerous offices; is a Democrat, 
but takes no active part in politics. He is a member of the Elks' 
Lodge, and has held the office of Treasurer and Trustee for several 
terms. He is also a member of the I. O. O. F., and has held all the 
chairs in this lodge. He was married in Texas, in 1906, to Miss 
Sue Maxey, a native of the "Lone Star" State. 



IN ARIZONA 



287 




P. P. Oreer 

JAMES NEWTON ROBINSON, Cashier and Director of the First 
National Bank of Globe, and Director of the Bank of Miami, was 
born at Kimball, Texas, February 2, 1882. His father, J. C. Rob- 
inson, is a merchant and cattleman at present making his home in 
Globe. His mother was Miss Louise Porter, sister of J. N. Porter, 
a financier and cattleman well known throughout the Southwest. 
Mr. Robinson came to Arizona at the age of eleven, completed the 
common school course, spent four years in the University of Arizona, 
and was graduated from a business college in Los Angeles 
in 1901. His first position was with the First National 
Bank of Clifton, where he was soon made Assistant Cashier, 
and remained three years. He was then elected Vice President 
of the Bank of Safford. In 1907 he went to Globe to become 
Cashier of the First National Bank, w r hich position he has since held. 



288 



WHO S WHO 




James N. Robinson 



He is associated with J. W. Young in a large cattle range at the 
foot of the Final Mountains. Mr. Robinson has always taken an 
active part in the meetings of the Arizona Bankers' Associations, and 
in 1903, at the time he held the position of Assistant Cashier of the 
First National Bank of Clifton, was one of the youngest bank officials 
in the United States. Even at this age he showed much ability as .1 
banker, and it w r as largely due to the work of Mr. Robinson and Mr. 
Greer, now President of the First National Bank of Globe, that the 
First National Bank of Clifton developed into one of the strongest fi- 
nancial institutions of the State. Mr. Robinson is a member of the 
Masonic Lodge and the B. P. O. Elks, and while not an officer at the 
time the Elks' home was built in Globe, he was one of the most active 
members, and served on a number of committees. Mr. Robinson was 
married to Miss Mollie Andrus, a native of Colorado, whose father 
is a well know r n mining engineer in Globe. They have one son, 
Robert A., and make their home in Globe, where Mr. and Mrs. 
Robinson are socially well known and popular. 



I X A R I Z O X A 

Merchants Bank & Trust Co. 

THE MERCHANTS BAXK & TRUST COMPANY, of Tucson, stands 
prominent in commercial progressiveness, is both conservative and 
stable, and commands the highest respect not only of its patrons and 
the local public, but of the banking world in general. The Mer- 
chants Bank & Trust Company was organized in 1907 and has a paid 
in capital of $50,000.00. The bank transacts a general bank- 
ing business, giving most careful attention to accounts of individuals 
or corporations, and has both a commercial and savings department. 
W. J. Corbett is president; John Mets, vice president, and IKrd 
Brooks, secretary; William M. Pryce, assistant secretary; and the di- 
rectors are Fred Fleishman, Alexander Rossi, John B. Ryland, W. J. 
Corbett, John I. Reilly, John Heidel and J. Knox Corbett. 



W. J. CORBETT, president of the Merchants' Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, has been connected with the financial and commercial life of the 
city for upwards of thirty years. Mr. Corbett is of Scotch-French 
extraction, though the family for several generations have been resi- 
dents of Sumter, S. C., where W. J. Corbett was born. Mr. 
Corbett served as assistant postmaster during the term of Dr. Lord in 
the capacity of postmaster, and for several years was in the government 
service as paymaster under Major Comegys. He was one of 
the organizers of the Merchants Bank & Trust Company. Mr. Cor- 
bett married Miss Creary, also a native of South Carolina, and in the 
social life of Tucson she is well known and a woman of very pleasing 
personality. They have two sons, Franklin and James, both associated 
with their father in business. 



JOHN METS, vice president of the Merchants Bank & Trust Com- 
pany was born in Morgan City, Utah, but came to Arizona while 
young. He is secretary of the Arizona Building & Loan Association. 
He is an Elk and served one term as Exalted Ruler. He has also been 
secretary to the Pima County Supervisors. Mrs. Mets is a native of 
Tucson, and daughter of Colonel Robert E. Woods. She was edu- 
cated in the east and graduated from a school of dramatic art in St. 
Louis. She is an associate member of the Saturday Morning Musical 
Club and one of the leaders of society in the Old Pueblo. They have 
three children, John, Philip and Virginia. 



BYRD BROOKS, secretary of the Merchants Bank & Trust Company, 
has been with this institution since it was founded. Before he assumed 
his present position he was for ten years connected with The Consoli- 
dated National Bank of Tucson, and gained a thorough knowledge of 
the financial needs and requirements of the Tucson public. Previous 
to coming to Arizona Mr. Brooks had experience in the banking busi- 
ness in Hillsboro, Texas, his native state. 



290 



WHO S WHO 




IN ARIZONA 



291 




May Day, Phoenix Kindergarten 

THE PHOENIX KINDERGARTEN 
By Lucy Terrill Ellis 

In the city of Phoenix is a small corner of the earth where Ari- 
zonans of the Lilliput type are preparing for school days. It has no 
first person singular for we are the youngest and sweetest order of the 
true brotherhood and a prophecy of the beauty of community life. 
Should you take measurements you would jot down 150 ft. front by 
125 ft. deep, but kinders do not work with figures or finance. Should 
you ask us who we are we would answer with Peter Pan, "We are 
Joy! Joy!! Joy!!!" As young apostles of Civics, we have made an 
ugly, unkempt corner lot a delight to our neighbors, a pleasure to 
tourists, and a paradise for the babies of Phoenix. The garden is the 
gateway to the farm, so we delight in calling ourselves Kindercrofters. 
We entered not only the Educational Department of the Arizona 
Fair, but with the fearlessness of natural children, dared knock at the 
door of Agriculture. "Come in," said the big farmer to the little 
farmer, "and feast with us." That sounded like old time hospitality, 
when there w T as room for the children. Generosity is native to the 
rural life. Our place cards were prizes for our lettuce and radishes, 
and we were as happy as Froebel when some dream child whispered 
to him, "Call your new system of education Kindergarten." Our 
thrill of delight came through the knowledge that we were a part of 
the progressive growth of the valley. We were to take the initiative 
step in the world's right way to fight the great enemy, tuberculosis, 
by putting the young child in God's great out of doors, covering him 
with Arizona sunshine, filling him with Arizona ozone. For several 



\V HO S W H O 




Children at Plaj r , Phoenix Kindergarten 



years we were homeless, depending on the churches for our workshop, 
then we awoke one morning to find that we had been Madonna 
kissed, that in our valley was a Garden Mother. She led us into a 
garden, in which there was a home, and it was ours. The house is a 
portable, for our city is growing, and the Kindergarten, to be properly 
placed, must be in a garden away from the busy mart. We can lift the 
sides of our house and let the out of doors come in, or open them and 
go out to it. God Almighty first planted a garden. It was the antici- 
pated home of his highest creation, man. The daily intercourse of the 
child with nature, the out of door life, the filling of the lungs w r ith 
pure air, little feet touching Mother Earth, little hands digging, plant- 
ing, watering, pulling and watching the unfolding of plant life, is true 
education. Aristotle, Comenius, Rousseau, Pestalozzi and Froebel 
had caught the great thought of God, but to Froebel falls the honor of 
applying it to education. "The education of man is the evolution of 
the child." said he. Pestalozzi had said, "Education is a development, 
not an acquirement. Educate through the child's natural activities, 
work from within out." Watching the child before he was six, Froe- 
bel said, "I will prepare him for school life by developing his three- 
fold nature through his activities. I will put him in a Kindergarten." 
And for more than a century and a half that beautiful German word, 
"Kindergarten" has been sweet to the child's world. Arizona 
has one wonderful and most valuable asset her children, the cause of 
great pride, and deserving of their right inheritance, health, oppor- 
tunity and good moral environment, which, if given them will aid In 
their development into splendid men and women. 



IN ARIZONA 



293 




I 




Scenes on the Campus 



294 



VV H O S W H O 



The University of Arizona 

THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA is an integral part of the system of 
public education established by and for the Territory, and aims as the 
head of such system, to fill the same position as that occupied by the 
state universities in such states as California and Wisconsin. Its gen- 
eral organization is in accordance with the Act of Congress of July 2, 
1862, known as the Morrill Act, creating the "Land Grant Colleges". 
The details of its organization and government are regulated by the 
Act of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Arizona, passed in 
1885, and embodied with amendments, in the Revised Statutes of 
Arizona Territory, 1901, which vests the government of the institu- 
tion in a corporation styled the Board of Regents of the University of 
Arizona, consisting of the Governor and Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, ex-officio, and four other members appointed by the Gover- 
nor for a term of four years. 

The University is situated about a mile from the business center of 
Tucson, a city which lies in a broad, flat valley, at an elevation of 
2,400 feet above sea level, and is surrounded by mountains. . The dry, 
mild and equable climate of Tucson has made it a famous health resort 
unsurpassed in winter. The campus, consisting of 60 acres, is care- 
fully laid out in drives, lawns and gardens, and with its large number 
of trees of various kinds, has the appearance of a well kept park. 

The University offers standard courses in agriculture, including 
horticulture and animal husbandry, astronomy, biology, chemistry, his- 
tory, economics, English, French, German, Spanish, Latin and Greek, 
philosophy and education, physics, mechanic arts, mechanical and elec- 
trical engineering, civil engineering, geology, mining engineering and 
metallurgy. 

The University in all departments is open to properly qualified per- 
sons of both sexes. It is maintained by funds appropriated by the 
United States and the State of Arizona, and is thus enabled to offer 
its privileges to residents and non-residents at a very moderate charge. 
The United States appropriates $50,000 a year to the institution. 
Fifty-seven sections of valuable timber land in Coconino county have 
been set apart by the federal government for the maintenance of the 
University, and recent provisions of the enabling act increase its en- 
dowment to over $4,000,000. The University also receives special 
appropriations for the science departments, and has a series of endow- 
ments provided by Professor James Douglas and others for the depart- 
ment of mineralogy and other departments. The amount received an- 
nually from miscellaneous sources such as matriculation, and tuition 
fees, rent of cottages, damage to property, etc., is about $1,500, while 
receipts for board, light, etc., amount to about $18,000 annually. 

The courses offered in the College of Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts provide both a liberal training along literary and scientific lines, 



IN ARIZONA 



295 




South Hall 




Metallurgical laboratory 



296 WHO'S WHO 

and technical training along engineering, mechanical and agricultural 
lines. Great latitude of election is given in the literary and scientific 
courses, but the courses in engineering are more rigid in their require- 
ments. The aim is to combine practical with theoretical instruction. 
The needs of a young and growing commonwealth are kept in mind 
and a steady attempt made to develop the adaptibility and resourceful- 
ness so necessary to meet changing conditions. 

The School of Mines is designed for the education and training of 
young men in the arts and sciences directly involved in the industries 
of mining and metallurgy. Especial attention is given to mathematics, 
physics chemistry, mineralogy and geology, and their application. 
The Bureau of Mines and Assaying, while not directly connected with 
the work of instruction, a^ords, with its laboratory and the influx of 
new material, a valuable object lesson to the advanced students. 

During the year 1913 the University offered for the first time a 
short course in agriculture, occupying two weeks in February. The 
attendance was most encouraging and warrants the continuance of the 
course from year to year. A home economics course is projected for 
the coming year, also a short course for miners and prospectors. 

Students coming from other institutions of recognized standing may 
be admitted to classes above Freshman upon presentation of properly 
authenticated certificates of work done and credited upon the records 
with so much of such work done as corresponds approximately with 
the courses required for the desired degree here. Graduates from 
courses in Arizona Normals are given a total credit of 32 units which 
shall include the cancelling of the requiremenas in Philosophy, but not 
in English 1, 2, nor any entrance requirements, the equivalent of 
which shall not have been fulfilled. Since the statutes of Arizona pro- 
vide the course of study in the high schools of the state "shall be such 
as, when completed, shall prepare its students for admission into the 
University", the University admits without examination, save in Eng- 
lish composition, graduates of approved high schools of Arizona. 

Persons of mature age and with sufficient preparation, who are not 
candidates for degrees, may be admitted to regular classes as special 
students, provided they show to the satisfaction of the instructors that 
they can take the course with profit to themselves and without detri- 
ment to the regular classes. 

Advanced degrees will be given only for work done in residence, to 
candidates who have received the Bachelor's degree from this institu- 
tion or one of similar standing. The courses in each case will be laid 
out by those in charge of the departments in which work for the degree 
is to be taken, and must be approved by a committee composed of all 
the heads of departments. 

The Agricultural Experiment Station deserves special mention. A 
staff of scientists, experts in plant life, the chemistry of soils, etc., 



IN ARIZONA 



297 




New Science Building 




Scene on Campus 



298 U H O ' S WHO 

carry on constant investigations and experiments in their lines, trying 
out their hypotheses by actual demonstrations first on small parcels of 
ground on the University campus and then on the University's farm 
lands. Allied with this work, but on a somewhat different basis is the 
department of agriculture, which is maintained not for research pur- 
poses, but for those of instruction. Owing to the wide variation of 
agricultural conditions in Arizona, it has been found of advantage to 
distribute the work so that each department is located, so far as possi- 
ble, in the region most favorable to the accomplishment of its own 
special results, and there are branch stations at Tempe, Ariz., where 
the date farm is located; between Phoenix and Buckeye; at Yuma; a 
dry farm at Prescott, and another dry farm at Snowflake, Apache 
County. In addition, tests of dry farming and of underground water 
flows are being made by University authorities in the Sulphur Springs 
Valley of Cochise County. 

Provision is made so far as possible for furnishing board and rooms 
to students of both sexes at the University, the young women under 
the direction of a capable and experienced preceptress. The dining 
hall, under the management of a paid steward, can accommodate 100, 
and while the charge of $18.00 per month for board is very low, 
it is the aim of the management to serve substantial and appetizing 
meals. All students having rooms in the dormitories are required to 
take their meals in the dining hall, while with others it is optional. 

The attendance at the University for the regular terms, vibrating 
for a number of years about the two hundred mark, has now risen 
to above three hundred and twenty-five, if we include those enrolled 
for the short course in agriculture 77 in all. The preparatory 
classes are gradually being dropped and their place taken by new and 
more college students. The spirit of the campus is changing to one 
that is more distinctively collegiate. 

The peculiar strength of the University has been in its faculty, 
brought together from the great universities of the country. They 
would be a university in themselves. With such a faculty the future 
of the University would be secure ; but with the addition of proper 
equipment, as needed, the institution will expand rapidly in its service 
to the state. 

Particular attention is given to athletics at the University and 
the baseball, football, basketball and other teams have made an ex- 
cellent record during the past few years. During the past year an 
athletic tournament was held at the University in which teams from 
all parts of the state were present, and those attending had a splen- 
did opportunity to investigate the University course and the advant- 
ages offered in athletics. Owing to the excellent climate, it is pos- 
sible for athletes to train in the open during the entire year, which has 
proven a source of decided benefit as a diversion from the confinement 
of the study hall and preparation for the real conflict. 



IN ARIZONA 



299 




Recreation at Northern Arizona Normal 



300 



WHO S WHO 



The Northern Arizona Normal School 

THE NORTHERN ARIZONA NORMAL SCHOOL is located at Flag- 
staff, on the main line of the Santa Fe, in the center of the great 
timber belt of northern Arizona. The scenery in this section is un- 
surpassed. The San Francisco Peaks, in full view from the normal 
school, in summer time wear a hood of mist during the rainy season 
and in w r inter time a crown of snow. They are always beautiful and 
inspiring. 

The Sunset Mountain and the Cliff Dwellings are reached by team 
or a"to in a few hours. The Sunset Mountain is a perfect crater, 
the rim of which is from two to three miles in circumference. It 
has received its name from the fact that the cinders give it the ap- 
pearance of a sunset. The Cliff Dwellings are among the most ex- 
tensive and the grandest in the southwest. The Petrified Forests 
can be seen in a trip requiring from one to two days, and the Grand 
Canyon of the Colorado is now reached from Flagstaff by auto at 
a moderate expense. These are natural winders that people cross 
the continent to see that they come from all the world to see. 

The climatic conditions are those of the temperate zone rather than 
the tropics, as in the southern part of the state. Although there is 
moisture enough to grow trees over one hundred twenty-five feet 
high, there is the dryness of the Rocky Mountain atmosphere, and the 
heat in the summer is never oppressive. 

The flora of northern Arizona is abundant and varied. Many of 
the flowers, like the primrose, that bloom on the banks of Salt River 
in March bloom at Flagstaff in August. The beautiful lupine grows 
everywhere. The flowers are so abundant that probably there is no 
place where the humming birds are so numerous as at Flagstaff in 
August. 

Flagstaff is a thriving little city of over two thousand inhabitants. 
It is supplied with an abundance of pure mountain water, the intake 
of which is more than half way up the Peaks. Having also a proper 
sewer system, the sanitary conditions are all that can be desired. 

The Northern Arizona Normal School has more than a statewide 
reputation. Of the accredited schools in California it leads the list, 
and Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Utah also recognize its 
diplomas. 

The faculty of this School consists of fourteen members, all of 
whom have been selected with regard to the peculiar fitness for 
the positions they hold. The schools represented are: Arizona 
School of Music; Tempe Normal School; Eastern Illinois State Nor- 
mal School ; Oshkosh Normal School ; Ypsilanti Normal School ; Illi- 
nois State Normal University; University of Wisconsin; Washington 



IN ARIZONA 



301 



*.<i 



^ 




302 



WHO S WHO 



University; Industrial Art School, Weimar, Germany; Teachers' 
College, Columbia University; University of Jena, Jena, Germany. 
Three courses of study are maintained. A course of five years is 
offered to those who enter after completing the eighth grade, and a 
course of two years is offered to those who have completed a high 
school course of four years. Those who do not wish to prepare to 
teach may take a course of four years and receive a diploma after 
completing sixteen units of work, half of which is elective. The 
student is advised to make such selections as will fit him best for the 
work he expects to do after completing his course. It is planned to 
permit as much freedom of choice as is consistent with efficiency. 

A well organized and well equipped training school is conducted in 
connection with the normal school. All the eight grades are repre- 
sented. The teaching force consists of a principal and three assistant 
critic teachers. All have had the advantages of a normal school 
training and a large experience in teaching. Besides this, two have 
completed a course in Teachers' College, Columbia University. This 
training school offers better opportunities to student teachers than any 
school in the state. Prospective teachers do not realize how much of 
their success depends upon this feature of their training. The valu- 
able training received at Flagstaff is being generally recognized by 
superintendents and school officers, and without further experience 
than that received in their practice teaching members of the class of 
'12 w T ere located in Bisbee, Tucson, Tombstone, Benson, Williams, 
Flagstaff, Holbrook, Snowflake, Springerville and Eagar. 

The summer school conducted by the Northern Arizona Normal 
School is one of its distinguishing features. The sessions begin each 
year between the 15th and the 20th of June. The attendance has 
greatly increased the last two years. During the summer of 1912 
there were enrolled between ninety and one hundred students. Two 
purposes are kept in mind in planning the w r ork for the summer. 
One is to help those who wish to prepare to take the examination and 
the other to offer an opportunity to do work that may be claimed 
for graduation. All work done in the summer school may be 
claimed for graduation. But the purposes of the students differ. One 
has the examination in mind, while another is anxious to finish the 
course as soon as may be to get a diploma, and the school tries to 
accommodate both. 

Many high school students take advantage of the summer session. 
One who finishes the high school course in May or June may enter 
at the opening of the summer school and complete the prescribed 
course by Christmas of the following year ; two summer terms count- 
ing the same as a half year. This arrangement has made it conveni- 
ent to graduate two classes a year, one at the close of school in the 
spring and one the week before Christmas. The class at Christmas 



IN ARIZONA 



303 



is known as the Midwinter Class. Regular graduating exercises are 
conducted at both seasons. A large percentage of the midwinter class 
finds work by the first of January. High school students should note 
this. All lines of athletics flourish at the Northern Arizona Normal 
and the teams from this school have won many notable victories 
during the past few years in baseball, basketball and on the 
gridiron. 

Within the last three years over thirty thousand dollars have been 
spent in improvements. Besides completing the unfinished space in 
the main building, a dining hall has been built at a cost of over 
twelve thousand dollars. It may be doubted whether there is a better 
dining hall anywhere. It is the desire of the management to have 




Northern Arizona Normal Athletes 

the dining hall as homelike as it can be. For this reason it is pro- 
vided with small tables, seating six each. This adds to the sociability 
at meal time. The preceptress of the girls' hall and Dr. Blome and 
his family always eat with the students. Dr. Blome and his family, 
by the way, live in the boys' hall. In this way things are always 
under the principal's direct supervision. 

Any inquiry about the Northern Arizona Normal School sent to 
Dr. R. H. H. Blome, Flagstaff, Arizona, will receive prompt at- 
tention. 



304 



WHO S WHO 




I N A R I Z O N A 305 



The Tempe Normal School 

THE TEMPE NORMAL SCHOOL OF ARIZONA was established by an 
Act of the Legislative Assembly of Arizona, approved March 10, 
1885. It is pleasantly located at Tempe, a town of 1600 inhabitants, 
distant but nine miles from Phoenix, the capital of Arizona. The situ- 
ation is an ideal one from every point of view. Lying at or near the 
center of population of the state, Tempe is easily reached by rail over 
the Arizona Eastern, which gives direct connection with the main 
lines of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe systems. The fertile fields 
of the Salt River Valley surround the town, delighting the eye with 
their perpetual verdure and insuring an unfailing supply of fresh 
fruits and vegetables, and the best of dairy products. The climate 
during the entire school year is not only delightful, but wholesome and 
conducive to study. 

The moral and social atmosphere is all that could be desired. The 
residents of the community are thrifty and industrious Americans, 
most of whom have come hither from the middle and eastern states. 
These people are actively interested in the welfare of the Normal 
School and pride themselves upon surrounding the students with 
wholesome influences. 

As the sale of liquor is prohibited in Tempe and the surrounding dis- 
tricts the undesirable influence of the saloon is not to be met here, and 
the absence of the distractions of a large city is a distinct advantage to 
the student who wishes to make the most of his time and opportunities. 

On arriving at the Normal, one finds the group of buildings well 
distributed over a beautiful campus of twenty acres, within convenient 
walking distance of the main business portion of the town. The 
grounds are laid out with well kept lawns, gravelled drives, and an 
abundance of shade trees, shrubs and flowering plants in great va- 
riety. Abundance of water and the care of a skillful gardener make 
the campus highly attractive throughout the year. Within the limits 
of the grounds the student finds abundant provision for recreation in 
the excellent tennis courts, basketball cages, and the ample athletic 
field with its baseball diamond and running tracks. 

In addition to the main campus an additional ten acres, adjoining 
the former, was recently acquired for an experimental farm. 

The faculty consists of more than twenty teachers, each a specialist 
in his line. The graduates now number close to five hundred, most 
of whom are engaged in teaching in this state. The enrollment for 
the present year is three hundred and fifty students, representing al- 
most every county and section of Arizona. In addition there are 
registered close to one hundred and seventy-five boys and girls in the 
eight grades of the training department. 

The buildings are nine in number as follows: The Main Building, 
Science Building, Auditorium and Gymnasium, Training School, 



306 



W H () S WHO 




O2&.LJ DORMlTOf 




&CIENGEI1ALL $r OFFI&& 




IX A R I / O X A 



Principal's Residence, Heating Plant, Dining Hall, Ladies' Dormi- 
tory, accommodating one hundred and twenty-five students, and Men's 
Dormitory with rooms for thirty. 

It is anticipated that the present session of the Legislature will pro- 
vide for the construction of further dormitory accommodations for 
young lady students and that two new dormitories on the cottage-unit 
plan at a cost of $18,000 each will relieve the congested conditions 
that now exists at the main dormitory. 

It is fully expected, too, that the Legislature will appropriate at 
least $90,000 to build and equip an Industrial Arts Building to house 
the departments of Manual Training, Domestic Science, and Art, all 
of which are at present poorly quartered, to the impairment of the 
work and the utter disparagement of expansion. It is to this school 
that the state must eventually look for the training of specialists as 
teachers in Household Arts and Economy including sewing, cooking, 
etc., and also in woodwork, shop work, forge work, metal work, and 
clay modelling. And to this end the erection of the Industrial Arts 
Building will largely contribute. 

There are two regular courses of study leading to graduation for 
the purpose of securing a diploma to teach in the schools of this state. 

(a) A minimum course of five years for graduates from the eighth 
grade of the public schools. 

(b) A minimum course of two years for graduates from a four 
years' high school course. 

Students who do not desire to become teachers may pursue the 
regular five year course, omitting all the professional work and special- 
izing in Latin and Spanish, English, science or mathematics. Such 
a course will require four years' work. Students completing such four 
year course will be granted a certificate which can be used as a creden- 
tial to admit them to a college or university, but they will not receive 
a diploma entitling them to teach in the public schools. Students pur- 
suing such regular courses will be exempt from payment of tuition. 

Owing to the central location of Tempe, students at the Normal 
are given the benefit of athletic contests with teams from Mesa, 
Phoenix and Tempe High schools, the Indian school and other 
teams from Phoenix and vicinity. The baseball teams and football 
squads from the Normal have more than held their own with the 
teams with which they have clashed, and their records are most grati- 
fying to the student body and the alumni. The students have an 
excellent athletic field, and their gymnasium is all that could be 
desired. 

Room and board in the dormitories is secured for $16.50 per month 
of four weeks, which includes board, room, furniture, bedding, laun- 
dry, baths, electric light, steam heat, running water, use of pianos, etc. 

Further information desired may be had by addressing Prof. A. J. 
Matthews, President, Tempe, Arizona. 



308 



WHO S WHO 




I 



O. C. Case, State Superintendent of Schools 



IN ARIZONA 309 

C. O. CASE, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, was born 
in Rock Island County, Illinois. His father, Harrison Case, was a 
Baptist minister, and had not accumulated any more of this world's 
goods than is ordinarily the lot of men of this calling who preach from 
conviction. As both his parents had died by the time he was eight 
years old, Mr. Case has found life an uphill journey in reality, but 
has valiantly surmounted each obstacle met with until he accomplished 
what was his main object in early life, a thorough education. When 
fitted for the work, he began teaching at an early age in order to se- 
cure funds to further his object, and while thus engaged continued 
his studies to aid him in advanced work. He is, therefore, well equip- 
ped for his position, since his experience has been in all the phases of 
school work, as grade and high school teacher, principal and superin- 
tendent. He is well known throughout the state and has held vari- 
ous positions of importance in educational work here, among which is 
on the faculty of the Phoenix High School. He has also been a mem- 
ber of the State Teachers' Association for years, and in this has held 
all the offices and has been a leader in matters of real educational 
worth. Mr. Case has done much to improve the course of study in 
the state and by dint of his personal experiences in the work of teach- 
ing has been able to render valuable aid to many in their chosen work. 
Mr. Case is a progressive Democrat and has been a faithful party 
worker so far as his educational duties would permit. He has also 
been for some years a contributor to important magazines printed 
in the West, among them "Sunset," "West Coast" and "Pacific 
Monthly." 



ARTHUR HERBERT WILDE, President of the University of Arizona, 
was born at Framingham, Mass., April 29, 1865, and is the son of 
Joseph and Susan French Wilde. His education was received in his 
native State. He was graduated from Boston University with the 
class of '87, then taught for two years, when he returned for ad- 
vanced work, and later entered Harvard University, receiving there 
the degree A. M., 1899, and Ph. D., 1901. From 1894 he was a 
member of the College Faculty at Northwestern University as in- 
structor, assistant professor, and professor, his special field of instruc- 
tion having been history. Dr. Wilde's experience in the East, both 
as instructor and in administrative capacities, enabled him to bring to 
the University of Arizona a valuable fund of knowledge and an execu- 
tive ability that has meant much for the advancement of the Uni- 
versity. As Registrar of the College at Northwestern, a University 
that has an enrollment of about 4,500 students; principal of Evans- 
ton Academy, a preparatory school having about 500 students; then 
Secretary of the University and administrative assistant to the Presi- 
dent, he has met and coped with questions which have ably fitted him 



310 



W H O S WHO 




Dr. A. H. Wilde 



I V \ R I 7. O N A 311 

for his present position, a fact which he has demonstrated during his 
brief administration. Dr. Wilde received his early education in the 
public schools of Massachusetts, which rank eminently high in the 
nation, and is deeply interested in the development of State Universi- 
ties as the culmination of the public school system. He is an active 
member of the American Historical Association, and was elected hon- 
orary member of Phi Beta Kappa Society. Dr. Wilde is a contribu- 
tor to periodicals on culture of early middle ages and general educa- 
tional matters. He is a member of the Congregationalist Church, and 
in politics an Independent Republican. He was married September 6, 
1892, to Miss Sarah Frances Fellows, of Center Sandwich, N. H. 



ARTHUR JOHN MATTHEWS, president of Tempe Normal School, 
has been engaged in educational work for more than thirty years, as 
teacher, principal and superintendent of public schools and as head of 
the Tempe Normal. Mr. Matthews was born in Cazenovia, N. Y., 
September 3, 1860, and is the son of Patrick Henry and Anne King 
Matthews, both of Irish descent. His childhood and youth were spent 
on a farm and his early education received in township schools. He 
then attended Cazenovia Seminary, a Methodist institution, as prepa- 
ration for Syracuse University, which he attended two years, and then 
supplemented the whole by a course at Poughkeepsie Business College. 
He began teaching at the age of nineteen, while a student in the Semi- 
nary and the University, and for several terms was thus employed 
during the winter months. After leaving the University he was prin- 
cipal of the schools of West Eaton, N. Y., and later superintendent at 
Adams, N. Y. In 1887 he went to Wyoming and for ten years was 
superintendent of schools in Rock Springs and Rawlins. The family 
then removed to Arizona because of his daughter's health, and for 
three years he was superintendent of Prescott schools, after which he 
was elected to his present position. Having devoted practically his 
entire life to school work, and advanced from the village school, as 
teacher, through the various grades of educational work, Professor 
Matthews has acquired a thorough knowledge of teaching and is well 
equipped not only to meet all phases of responsibility incident to his 
present position, but to enable those to whom he is the leading spirit, 
both teacher and pupil, to make the most of every opportunity afford- 
ed them in their work. His enthusiasm for his profession is not con- 
fined to his actual labors, but in a general way he has been active, and 
in both Wyoming and Arizona has been president of the State Teach- 
ers' Association and member of the Board of Education, having held 
the latter position in this state for the past twelve years. He is now 
senior member of the Board. He has also been an active member of 
the National Educational Association for the last twelve years, during 
which he has been director for Arizona, and has served as vice presi- 
dent of the Association and vice president of the Normal Department. 



312 



W H O S WHO 




Prof. A. J. Matthews 



IN ARIZONA 



313 




Dr. R. H. II. Blomi- 



314 W H O ' S W H O 

For four years he has been a member of the State School Law Com- 
mittee. Professor Matthews is a Democrat, but never an active 
worker in the political field. In 1896 he was candidate for the posi- 
tion of State Superintendent of Public Instruction in Wyoming, but 
was defeated by Estelle Reele, the Republican candidate, who was the 
first woman elected to a state office in the United States. For many 
years Professor Matthews has been a member of the K. P. Lodge, of 
which he is Past Chancellor, and for the past five years has been a 
Trustee of the Grand Lodge of the State of Arizona, and with two 
other Trustees has special care of the Pythian Home Funds. He has 
also been an active Mason for the past five years, and has been Master 
of Tempe Lodge. He is a member of the Grand Masonic Lodge of 
Arizona and has been Grand Orator. January 1, 1887, he married 
Miss Carrie Louise Walden, to whom have been born two children, 
Arthur, deceased, and Anna, wife of E. L. Hendrix, Roundup, Mont. 
The family are members of the Episcopalian church. 



DR. RULOLPH H. H. BLOME, President of the Northern Arizona 
State Normal School, is the son of Frederick and Margaret Hanfeld 
Blome, and was born in the Province of Hanover, Germany, in 1854. 
His maternal grandfather was at the Battle of Waterloo. Doctoi 
Blome came to America at the age of fifteen. He took a course at the 
Illinois State Normal School, and later attended the University of 
Jena, Germany, from which he received the degree Doctor of Phil- 
osophy. He came to Arizona in 1900, and immediately associated 
himself with the Tempe Normal, where he remained nine years. 
During that time he was teacher of Psychology and Pedagogy, and 
later Director of the Training School. Dr. Blome is a thorough 
scholar, a student always, and an educator in the truest sense of the 
word. He wins the confidence and co-operation of his teachers and 
students, and has the faculty of obtaining the best possible results from 
both. During the years he was at Tempe his success was marked, 
and during the three years he has been connected with the Flagstaff 
Normal the attendance has more than doubled and the work accom- 
plished in the various departments has shown a corresponding im- 
provement. Dr. Blome is also well known as an institute instructor, 
his w r ork in this respect being highly practical and of a sort that is of 
actual aid to the teacher in the life of the schoolroom. Having a com- 
plete mastery of the profession of teaching, in both grade and advanced 
work, his interest and intense enthusiasm are contagious, and his 
efforts, whether as head of the Normal or on the platform, are pro- 
ductive of the very best results. One of his most prominent charac- 
teristics is the absolute thoroughness invariably inherent in the German 
scholar. Dr. Blome was married November 30, 1882, to Miss Pierce. 
They have four children Nora Elizabeth, Helen Margaret, Maurice 
Hanfeld and Harold. 



IN ARIZONA 



315 




Dr. Andrew Ellicott Douglass 

ANDREW ELLICOTT DOUGLASS, Astronomer, who ranks high in 
his profession, is the son of Reverend Malcolm and Sarah E. Hale 
Douglass, and was born in Windsor, Vermont, July 5, 1867. He 
was educated in his native State and at Trinity College, Connecti- 
cut, from which he received the degree A. B. in 1889, and Sc. D. in 
1908. Dr. Douglass is well known throughout Arizona as astronomer 
and instructor, has been acting President of the University and is now 
Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the same institution. During 
the years 1889 to 1894 he was in the Observatory connected with Har- 
vard College. In the latter year he resigned his position there to come 
to Arizona, where he became First Assistant Astronomer at the Lowell 
Observatory, Flagstaff, this State, a position which he held until 1901. 
He then became Probate Judge of Coconino County, and served for 
four years in that capacity, coming to the University of Arizona in 
1906. He was married August 3, 1905, to Miss Ida E. Whittington 
of Los Angeles, Cal. Dr. Douglass is a fellow of the Royal Astro- 
nomical Society, London, England, and of the A. A. A. S., member of 
the American Astronomical and Astrophysical Society, and honorary 
member of the Southern California Academv of Sciences. 



316 



WHO S WHO 



PROFESSOR E. C. BUNCH, recently appointed Assistant Superin- 
tendent of the Arizona Schools, has been interested in school work 
all his life, and is, therefore, eminently qualified to fill the position 
to which he has been chosen. He is the son of Bradley and Jane 

Boswell Bunch, and 
was born in Berryville, 
Ark., m 1856. His 
grandfather, Nathaniel 
Bunch, Captain of 
Tennessee Militia, 
fought under Andrevv 
Jackson at the Battle 
of New Orleans, and 
the powder flask car- 
ried by him during this 
battle is still in exist- 
ence and much treas- 
ured for its historical 
value by its possessor, 
Hugh Bunch, of 
Bowie, Arizona, a 
nephew of Professor 
Bunch. In 1876 Pro- 
fessor Bunch first 
came to Arizona, and 
after a time left here 
for Oregon, but he 
freely confesses he wai. 
glad to return and 
that he did so with a 
determination to make 

Arizona his permanent home. Apart from his work as an educator, 
the first important enterprise in w r hich he was engaged was the 
construction of a large ditch and reservoir, now known as the 
Bunch reservoir, which was the first large reservoir in Arizona. 
Although the main work of his life has always been educational, 
he has during the greater part of the time been devoting much 
time and energy to development projects, irrigation mostly, and he 
completed the Owyhee Canal in Oregon, which supplies water for 
more than 40,000 acres of land. In addition to his school and 
development work he has found time at various intervals to act as 
Justice of the Peace, Probate Judge and Undersheriff of Apache 
County, and he remembers \\hen it was customary to adjourn court 
with a six-shooter. He was also a member of the Twenty-fourth 
Legislature from Maricopa County, and served as chairman of the 
special committee that had charge of all gambling legislation during 




N ARIZONA 



317 



that session. He is an active member of the Odd Fellows, and 
both Mrs. Bunch and he are prominent members of the M. E. 
Church. Mrs. Bunch, before her marriage in September, 1885, 
was Miss Ellen Weatherford, of Richfield, Mo. Professor Bunch 
has one daughter, Edith, and five sons, Carl, Conway, Harrv, Alvin 
and LeRoy. 



HENRY QUINTUS ROBERTSON, Superintendent of the Public 
Schools of Mesa, and one of the best known educators of the State, 

is also a member of the State Exam- 
ining Board, to which he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Hunt in rec- 
ognition of his excellent work as an 
educator in the State of Arizona. 
Mr. Robertson, the son of P. C. 
and Elizabeth Tebbs Robertson, 
was born in Yolo County, Califor- 
nia, and passed his early life on a 
farm three miles from Woodland. 
His father was the first assessor of 
Yolo County and joint assembly- 
man from Modoc and Siskiu Coun- 
ties. He is a lineal descendant of 
General James Robertson, and a 
cousin of Colonel Frank Robert- 
son of General Price's army. Mr. 
Robertson w T as educated in the pub- 
lic and Normal schools of Tempe. 
Having been graduated from the 
latter, he at once took up the pro- 
fession of teaching, his first work 
having been at Tempe in 1888. 
Since that time he has been em- 
ployed in this capacity in various 

sections of the State, during the past four years in his present posi- 
tion at Me^a, to which he has been re-elected. He has been a resi- 
dent of Arizora since 1881, when he located in Globe. Mr. Rob- 
ertson was married in May, 1889, to Miss Katie Brown, whose 
tather, Henry Brown, was a captain in the Confederate Army under 
General Lee, and her paternal grandfather owned the house that 
was purchased for Jefferson Davis 's home after the war. Mr. Robert- 
son's family consists of Mrs. W. R. Hughes, Miss Dorris, also a 
teacher in the schools of Mesa; Orrick, Alleen, Henry and How- 
ard Q. 




318 



WHO S WHO 




Clay F. Leonard 



Dr. Benjamin B. Moeur 



CLAY FINSON LEONARD, member of the Board of Education of 
the Tempe Normal School, was born in Waubeek, Iowa, August 17, 
1862. He is the son of Morgan Leonard and Mary L. Finson, both 
descendants of earl}' pioneer families of Iowa. His maternal ances- 
tors, however, were among the early settlers of Massachusetts, and 
some of their names are prominently shown on the Massachusetts 
State Records of the Revolution. His great-great-grandfather, 
Thomas Finson, of Cape Ann, Mass., was corporal in the Twenty- 
seventh Massachusetts Regiment, having enlisted May 29, 1775; 
and his father, Thomas Finson, seaman, is on the list of American 
prisoners brought to Marblehead in the cartel, "Pacific," to be ex- 
changed for British prisoners. In Mr. Leonard's personality are to 
be noted many of the strong characteristiss of this pioneer ancestry. 
Mr. Leonard received his early education in the common schools of 
Missouri, and finished at the State Normal School of Kirksville, from 
which he was graduated. He has been a resident of Arizona since 
1888, and Is very well known in the State, especially in and about 
Maricopa County, where he has held various offices. For seven 
years he held the position of County Recorder, and made an excellent 
record for the able manner in which he managed the affairs of the 
office. He is at present Deputy Clerk of the Superior Court of Mari- 



IN ARIZONA 



copa County, a position in which his marked attributes of courtesy, 
promptness and absolute attention to detail are a valuable asset. Mr. 
Leonard is Secretary of the Arizona Society of the Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and has reached the highest degree in the Masonic 
order. He was married in 1893 to Miss Serena Goodrich Leonard, 
and thev have since made their home in Phoenix. 



DR. BENJAMIN BAKER MOEUR, member of the Educational 
Board of the Tempe Normal School, is known in the State not only 
as a physician and surgeon, but also for the deep interest he has 
taken in educational work and his important part in the political life 
of Arizona during the past 16 years. Dr. Moeur has always been 
active in the educational development of the State, but, being a resi- 
dent of Tempe, has displayed particular activity in behalf of the 
Normal School there. Dr. Moeur and Mr. Clay F. Leonard form 
the Educational Board of the institution, Superintendent O. P. Case 
being an ex-officio member. Dr. Moeur also served as member of 
the School Board for eight consecutive years. He was born in Dech- 
erd, Tenn., December 22, 1869, and coming of a family of profes- 
sional men, he is but following the bent of his inherited tendencies in 
his professional and educational labors. His father, Dr. J. B. Moeur, 
was a leading physician of Tennessee, and his mother, who was Miss 
Esther K. Knight, was a member of the well-known Knight family 
of the South. In his profession Dr. Moeur is a leader, and ever 
evinces a deep interest in the betterment of conditions that in any way 
pertain to medical or surgical work. He is a member of the Ameri- 
can and the Arizona Medical Associations, the Maricopa Medical 
Society and the Southside Medical Association, being Chairman of 
the latter. 

Dr. Moeur was a member of the constitutional convention, took 
a prominent part in the deliberations of that body, and was consid- 
ered one of the ablest men in that assembly of the notably able men 
of the State. He is active in political movements, and a member of 
the state, county and precinct Democratic Clubs. In addition to the 
above, he has also important business interests, being president of two 
of the largest corporations of the state, The Southside Electric Light 
& Gas Company and The Moeur-Pafford Company, a ranching and 
cattle raising corporation. 

If the happiest man is he "Who can carry the golden thread of 
boyish enjoyment farthest through the web of life," Dr. Moeur may 
then be classed among the happiest by reason of his genial personality. 
He is a member of the Elks, Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellows, but 
withal a home man. He was married in 1896 to Miss Honor G. 
Anderson, and they have four children, John K., Vyvyan Bernice, 
Jessie Belle and Ben. B., Jr. 



320 



WHO S WHO 




Henry C. White 



Miss Harriet T. White 



HENRY C. WHITE, principal of the School for Deaf Mutes in con- 
nection with the State University, at Tucson, is a native of Boston, 
and lost his hearing as a result of typhus fever when four years of age. 
He was educated at the American School for the Deaf at Hartford, 
the Horace Mann School for the Deaf in Boston, and at Gallaudet 
College for the Deaf in Washington, D. C., having been graduated 
from the latter in 1880 with a B. A. degree, \vhich was awarded under 
the seal and authority of Congress by President Rutherford B. Hayes, 
ex-officio patron of the college. Mr. White early took to reading and 
covered a w r ide field of fiction, poetry and history, and though unable 
to sense the sound of rhyme, has a keen appreciation of the beauty of 
language and the sentiment of poetry. By means of his habit of read- 
ing only the best, Mr. White has acquired a thorough mastery of Eng- 
lish, an unusual accomplishment for the deaf. After his graduation 
he taught in a school for the deaf at Beverly, Mass., where he remain- 
ed until called upon to organize a similar school at Salt Lake City, 
which he built from the ground up, and which today ranks as one of 
the best in the west. After eight years he returned to Boston to set- 
tle his father's estate, and there engaged in various pursuits, among 
them that of editor. He was frequently consulted by the deaf of New 
England on matters of law, was induced to take up the study of law, 
and after three years work compiled and published "Law Points for 
Everybody," which had a phenomenal sale in New England and New 
York. He frequently acted as court interpreter for mutes and has 
assisted in this way some of the most noted attorneys of the country. 



IN ARIZONA 



321 



He was also instrumental in establishing the New England Home for 
Deaf Mutes, Aged, Infirm or Blind, of which his wife was first 
matron. Mr. White has been twice elected secretary of the National 
Association of Deaf, consisting of eighty thousand throughout the 
United States, and declined a third term in this capacity. He has 
done newspaper work on papers devoted to the interests of the deaf, 
and written articles upon educational matters which have won for him 
a national reputation as one of the best teachers of English in the pro- 
fession. Mr. White married Miss Mollie E. Mann, who was deaf, 
but not dumb, and they have three children, two girls and one boy, all 
normal in speech and hearing. One daughter is married to a young 
lawyer in New York, while the other one, Miss Harriet White, early 
engaged in the profession of teaching, and is at present employed 
with her father in the school at Tucson as matron and teacher of lip 
reading. This school is entirely the result of Mr. White's personal 
efforts extending over a period of two years. When he decided to 
come to the far west to establish another school for the deaf where it 
seemed most urgently needed, he chose Arizona as his field of en- 
deavor, and brought with him a letter from Mayor Fitzgerald of 
Boston to Mayor Christy of Phoenix, and others from a member of 
the legislature, the Boston School Committee, and Secretary of the 
Y. M. C. A. After Governor Hunt was elected he received a per- 
sonal letter from Governor Foss, of Massachusetts, commending Mr. 
White to his good offices. \Vhen his unremitting efforts in behalf of 
those afflicted like himself were crowned with success and a state 
school for the deaf in Arizona became a reality, Mr. White was 
chosen its principal. This school is situated just north of the Univers- 
ity campus and has seventeen pupils ranging from 6 to 21 years of 
age, and applications for admission are being constantly received. The 
building, formerly a private residence, will soon be unable to accom- 
modate the number of pupils and new quarters will, therefore, be re- 
quired. Thus far, the work has been extremely successful, the pupils 
being ^deeply interested in the work, pleased with their home, and all 
like Tucson and its climate. In this latest act in a life devoted almost 
entirely to the uplifting of those of his own particular class, Mr. 
White has undoubtedly accomplished the organization of a school that 
will prove a boon to the many thus afflicted in Arizona, which as it 
increases in proportions and usefulness will surely stand a monument 
to his ability, persistence and great-heartedness. 



Miss HARRIET T. WHITE, matron and teacher of the Arizona 
State School for the Deaf, is the daughter of Henry Cheney White, 
the principal. Miss White was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, of parents 
who, though deaf, were highly educated. Her mother, Mary Eliza- 
beth Mann White, was a native of Cincinnati, where the family were 
neighbors and friends of the Taft and Longworth families. Though 



322 



WHO S WHO 



born in Utah, Miss White has spent almost her entire life in Boston, 
where she was educated in the best schools, and was graduated from 
both High and Normal Schools. At an early age she entered the 
profession of teaching, in which she proved an adept, though one of 
the youngest in the profession. As an oral teacher in the 
Arizona institution she taught several pupils speech and lip 
reading in and outside of the school room with remarkable 
success, having developed the dormant power of speech in one 
girl and one boy each possessing good hearing, but incapable of in- 
struction in the public schools. Miss White served three years as 
teacher and assistant principal in the School for the Deaf at St. John, 
N. B., where she demonstrated such proficiency in the results obtained 
that she was offered a similar position in the Central New York Insti- 
tute for the Deaf, but declined it to come west to assist her father in 
the organization of Arizona's new School for the Deaf, where she has 
served in the double capacity of matron and teacher with exceptional 
ability. As matron, she has inaugurated a system which \vill doubt- 
less continue permanently in the institution, and her excellent manage- 
ment and wise economy have attracted the attention and approval of 
Dr. Wilde, President of the University, with which the School for 
the Deaf is connected. This talent of efficiency, especially in man- 
agement, comes naturally to Miss White, for her mother was the 
first matron of the Utah School for the Deaf, and a notable house- 
keeper and manager in domestic affairs, as well as a woman of liberal 
education. 

E^GAR A. BROWN, secretary of the Board of Education of the 
Northern Arizona Normal School, was born in Covington, Kentucky, 
August 31, 1873. His father, W. W. Brown, was for years Vice 
President of the First National Bank of Cincinnati. His mother, 
Margaret Cambron Brown, is a direct descendant of Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton. Mr. Brown received his early education in his home 
schools and later attended St. Xavier College, Cincinnati, from which 
he took an A. B. degree in 1893. For the next six years he was con- 
nected with the Big Four and Chesapeake & Ohio railroads at Louis- 
ville and Cincinnati as General Cashier, Chief Rate Clerk and Travel- 
ing Freight and Passenger Agent. He came west in 1899, located in 
Flagstaff and has since been a resident of Coconino County. His first 
business association in Arizona was with Babbitt Brothers and for 
several years he was located at Tuba and Willow Springs in charge 
of their trading business on the Hopi and Navajo reservations. He 
then served several years as private secretary to David Babbitt. In 
1909-1910 he managed the Commercial and Weatherford hotels at 
Flagstaff, and later assumed charge of the Bright Angel Hotel at the 
Grand Canyon, prior to the erection of the El Tovar. Here he re- 
mained until 1911, when he became owner of the Flagstaff Steam 
Laundry, which he has since conducted. Mr. Brown served in the 
Kentucky State Militia in every capacity from private to captain, and 



[ N ARIZONA 



323 



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324 



\V H O S WHO 



was mustered out with his company in 1895. He has also served 
three years in the National Guard of Arizona as 1st Sergeant of Co. 
I of Flagstaff. During the past eight years he has been a member of 
the Democratic Central Committee of Coconino County, and either 
Chairman or Secretary. He is a member of the Elks and Knights of 
Columbus, and during the past year has been Grand Knight of De 
Silva Council. Mr. Brown was married October 28, 1904, to Miss 
Alice Kumsden, at the Grand Canyon. 

GEORGE BABBITT, member of the Board of Education of the 
Northern Arizona Normal School, is a member of the firm of Babbitt 
Brothers, Flagstaff. Mr. Babbitt has for years been an enthusiastic 
worker in the general cause of education in the state and his efforts in 
behalf of the advancement of the Normal School have been productive 
of excellent results. 

MRS. EVA MARIA MARSHALL, the present postmistress of Flag- 
staff, which position she has held for three consecutive terms, is the 

widow of James Marshall, one 
of the best known and popular 
men of the State. Mrs. Mar- 
shall is a native of Madison 
County, N. Y., a daughter of 
Jacob and Adelia Fairbairne 
Schuyler, and a direct descend- 
ant of General Schuyler. Her 
education was received at the 
Yates Polytechnic School and 
Cortland Academy, both in her 
native State. She has been a 
resident of Arizona since De- 
cember, 1882, and was the first 
teacher in the northern part of 
the State, having taught near 
where the Normal now stands 
in a little log school house. 
She has also been for years an 
active member of the W. C. T. 
U., and especially interested in 
the betterment of civic condi- 
tions. She is generally recog- 
nized as one of the most public 
spirited women in the State, and 
it was she who held the first 
temperance meeting in the 
northern part of the State, 

managed the first Fourth of July celebration in that section, and 
assisted in organizing the first Literary Society. 




IN ARIZONA 



325 



C). N. CRESWELL, State Inspector of Weights and Measures, and 
the first incumbent in this office, that has been created since the com- 
ing of Statehood, was born near Knoxville, Term., on November 29th, 
1852. His father William A. Creswell, and his mother, who was 

formerly Miss Phoebe A. Bick- 
nell, were both natives of Ten- 
nessee. The family moved to 
Texas in 1859, and it was there 
that Mr. Creswell was reared 
and received his education. His 
early life was spent on a farm 
which he left at his majority to 
take up other pursuits, his first 
venture being a political posi- 
tion in the capacity of Deputy 
Sheriff in Belton, Texas, which 
position he held for five years. 
He then removed to Albany, 
Texas, and engaged in the mer- 
cantile business, remaining there 
until April, 1885. At that time 
he disposed of his business and 
removed to Arizona, arriving at 
Payson, Arizona, about June, 
1885, where he again engaged 
in the mercantile business. Mr. 
Creswell sold his business at 
Payson, and in December, 1890, moved to Globe to accept the posi- 
tion of Under Sheriff of Gila County, which position he held for six 
years, and afterwards for two years he served as Clerk of the District 
Court of Gila County. Both of these positions he filled in a very 
creditable manner, receiving many commendations for the way he 
conducted both of these offices. In 1900 he again turned his attention 
to the mercantile business, and for ten years following was manager 
of Alexander Bros', store at Ft. Thomas, and later manager of Morris 
Simon's store at Bowie, until his appointment on June 3, 1912, by 
Governor Geo. W. P. Hunt to his present position. Mr. Creswell 
has always been a true Democrat, and also an active party worker, 
being particularly prominent in the political affairs of Gila County 
for a number of years. For eighteen years or more he has been a 
close personal and business friend of Governor Hunt. The record 
Mr. Creswell made for law enforcement in his positions in the 
Sheriff's office and the success he has made as a practical business man 
assures great success in the administration of the new department of 
Weights and Measures. Mrs. Creswell was formerly Miss Cath- 
arine J. Blair, a native of Iowa. 




326 



WHO S W H O 



W. H. PLUNKETT, State Examiner, has resided in Arizona for the 
past three years. He is a native of Missouri, and was educated at 
Westminster College in that State. Having taken up accounting as 
a profession, Mr. Plunkett has followed this line of work for fifteen 

years, and from hard 
study, close application, 
and vast experience in 
all the various classes of 
industrial, corporate and 
municipal enterprises and 
public utilities has be- 
come very proficient. 
Since coming to Phoenix 
Mr. Plunkett formed a 
partnership with C. P. 
Lee in the practice of 
public accounting, and 
the firm operates under 
the name of Lee & 
Plunkett. By rendering 
good and efficient service 
to their clients these gen- 
tlemen have acquired a 
large practice and their 
offices are perhaps the 
best equipped in the west 
for handling accounting, 
auditing, office organiza- 
tion and systematizing 
and installing accounting 
systems. Upon the con- 
vening of the first State 
Legislature, Governor 

Hunt appointed Mr. Plunkett a member of the Board of Special Ex- 
aminers, whose duty it was to examine and report to him the general 
condition of the various inst'tutions, offices and commissions of the 
State. By joint resolution of the Legislature, Mr. Plunkett was em- 
picyed to install an accounting system in each of the State institutions. 
Upon the creation of the office of State Examiner, Governor Hunt 
appointed him to the position, which was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. This act became effective September 20th, and provides 
for an uniform system of accounting in all county offices, and judging 
from Mr. Plunkett's experience in governmental and municipal af- 
fairs, it seems safe to predict that he will install a system which will 
prove efficient, eliminating the unnecessary duplication of work and 
ma!-ing the necessary work simple in operation. 




IN ARIZONA 327 



The Arizona Tax Commission 

THE TAX COMMISSION, is to the raising of revenue what 
the Corporation Commission is to the matter of regulating corpora- 
tions, and the creation of this Commission places Arizona greatly in 
advance of many of the older and more completely organized States. 
Here there will be throughout the State a practically uniform system 
or levying and collecting taxes systematized and placed upon a busi- 
ness-like foundation. So powerful is this body that it can subpoena 
witnesses and punish for failure to answer the process; it can hail 
county assessors before it and punish them for any infraction of the 
orders of the Commission ; it can put aside the rulings of the County 
Boards of Equalization and substitute others in their places; and it 
can direct the Attorney General or County Attorneys to institute suit 
for the collection of back taxes or unpaid penalties. All the forms 
and blanks used by the individual assessors and collectors are pre- 
scribed by the Tax Commission. Great as are the powers accorded 
this body, the work laid out for it will equal, if not exceed, the metes 
of its powers, as every incorporated town and city in the State must 
be visited by the members of the Commission, in order that a compre- 
hensive knowledge of tax values throughout the State may be ac- 
qi'ired. In addition to which, the Commission is charged to investi- 
gate all complaints of unjust taxation and to determine to what ex- 
tent thp complaint is founded on fact. The law provides that all 
assessors shall furnish annually to the Commission the tax rolls of 
their respective counties, as a basis for their work. Before the filing 
OT their preliminary report, the compiling of which will be a monu- 
mental task, two years are allowed to elapse, and a biennial report 
will be required thereafter with recommendations of changes which 
seem necessary to the best interests of the State. The task of naming 
the men who would compose the Commission was Governor Hunt's, 
and since it necessitated the selection of three men exceptionally well 
informed on the subject of taxation and state affairs in general, it 
proved no easy one to him, but his selection has met with general ap- 
proval. A little information of general interest regarding each of the 
Commissioners follows : 



C. M. ZANDER was chairman of the Tax Commission in May, 
1912, and is chairman for the years 1913 and 1914. He is a native of 
Wisconsin, having been born in Milwaukee in 1875. His grammar 
school education was obtained in Minneapolis, Cairo and Bay City, 
Michigan, and in Eastman, Wisconsin. He finished his schooling at 
the Omaha High School, where he maintained himself by owning and 
carrying circulation routes on the Omaha World Herald at the time 
W. J. Bryan was editorial writer for it. He cast his first vote for 



328 VV H O ' S W H O 

Bryan in 1895 before coming to Arizona, and firmly believes he will 
yet cast another and winning vote for his first choice. In December, 
1896, Mr. Zander came to Phoenix. Almost upon his arrival he 
formed a lasting friendship with the present Governor, Geo. W. P. 
Hunt, then member of the Territorial Legislature, from Gila County. 
For four years he had control of the circulation of the Arizona Re- 
publican. In 1901 he became the first probate clerk of Maricopa 
County, and upon the expiration of his term in that office he removed 
to Buckeye, where he took an active part in the development of that 
section. For four years, as secretary-treasurer and general manager 
of the White Tank Canal Company, he was forced to bear the brunt 
of one of the bitterest water wars ever \vaged in Arizona. The suc- 
cessful outcome of that issue has brought Mr. Zander much deserved 
commendation from the farmers of that section and the business men 
of Phoenix. For several years he was deputy assessor of Maricopa 
County, in which capacity he made the best possible use of the oppor- 
tunities afforded him to study land values and methods of taxation. 
He met with much opposition in his fight for fairness in taxation and 
that experience w r ill prove a valuable aid in making decisions as mem- 
ber of the Tax Commission. Mr. Zander has for some time been 
associated with the Valley Realty and Trust Company, which connec- 
tion he severed to become Tax Commissioner. In 1901 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Clara Miller, daughter of the late Winchester Miller, 
one of the noted pioneers of Tempe. After a happy married life of 
six years, Mrs. Zander died suddenly, leaving her husband and two 
small children to mourn her loss. Mr. Zander is of German extrac- 
tion, but like all typical Americans, the blood of many nationalities 
runs through his veins Dutch, German, French, English, Irish and 
Scotch. He believes in standard breds rather than thorough breds. 
He comes from fighting stock too, his family has been fully represented 
in every war of the Republic since its foundation and in the French 
and Indian wars of the Colonies. Likewise, his is a race of insurg- 
ents, as his people engaged in conflict against the English in 1776 and 
the South in 1861. In 1896 he thought it time for the North to get 
a licking so he became a radical Democrat, thereby perpetuating the 
traditions of his race. Ever since, he has been a strenuous advocate of 
the rule of the people. In religion, Mr. Zander has very strong con- 
victions, yet he holds to breadth and tolerance, and is more interested 
in the principles that underlie the different sects of the Christian faith 
than in the minor differences that separate them. He is a member of 
the Grand Lodge Order Knights of Pythias. Commissioner Zander 
is well esteemed for his sterling worth and his many friends prophesy 
a period of great usefulness as a member of this powerful body. 



CHARLES R. HOWE, member of the Tax Commission from Co- 
chise County, is one of the practical assessors of the State. He is also 



IN ARIZONA 



329 




330 WHO'S WHO 

a native of Wisconsin, and was born at Darlington, May 8, 1871. At 
the age of twelve he moved with his parents to South Dakota, where 
they encountered many of the hardships incidental to life in a new 
country. Here they remained eight years, when they moved to South- 
ern California. In Los Angeles Mr. Howe attended the Los Angeles 
Business College, and was graduated from three departments with 
honor, being the only one out of a class of 200 who received diplomas 
from two departments in the same year. Here also he met Miss 
Maude L. Henderson, now Mrs. Howe, who was a classmate 
of his. For four years Mr. Howe held position as Assistant 
Secretary of the Merchants & Manufacturers' Association of Los 
Angeles, which he resigned in 1901 to come to Arizona. He settled in 
Cochise County, which is still his home, and took a position with one 
of the large mining companies. He soon became interested in politics 
and in 1905 was made Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of Cochise. 
Two years later, when made assessor, he found the county with an 
assessed valuation of less than $10,000,000, and an abnormally high 
rate of taxation, and during the first year of his administration the 
assessed valuation was more than doubled, the rate lowered, and the 
income increased. It was about that time that Mr. Howe began 
making a profound study of the tax matter and acquired knowledge 
that proved very valuable and was largely used in the drafting of the 
bill creating the Tax Commission, and which will undoubtedly be of 
inestimable worth in determining matters that come before the Com- 
mission. Mr. Howe has also served as Secretary pro tern, of the Fair 
Commission and later of the Cattle Sanitary Board, which he re- 
signed to devote his entire attention to his duties as Tax Commissioner. 
He is well known and exceedingly popular, and belongs to the Elks, 
Knights of Pythias and Fraternal Brotherhood. 



P. J. MILLER, member Tax Commission During the hardships 
through which the country went during the great civil war, to be 
correct, on June 24, 1863, P. J. Miller, the third member of the 
Arizona State Tax Commission, was born on his father's farm near 
the little town of Durhamville, in Oneida County, in the Empire 
State of New York. Two years after his birth the father died, the 
farm was sold and the family moved to Buffalo, where he attended 
the grammar and high schools and laid the foundation for the vast 
amount of practicable information he now has at his command. Mr. 
Miller went to Chicago at the age of 17, but in less than two years 
thereafter, the call of the West being strong within him, he started 
for Prescott, Arizona, where he arrived in the fall of 1883. He has 
been a resident of Arizona practically ever since. His first 
employment was secured with Superintendent Craig of the Do- 
soris silver mine and his job was ore sorting. When the mine 
shut down the young man took a job as storekeeper at Fort Whipple, 



IN ARIZONA 331 

using there to good advantage his knowledge of the general merchan- 
dise business gained in Buffalo and Chicago after leaving school. In 
those stirring days at Fort Whipple promotion came to him early and 
he was successively forage master, corral master and finally acting 
superintendent of the depot, with thousands of dollars worth of 
stores in his charge. This was during the Crook and Miles cam- 
paigns against Chief Geronimo and his Apaches. After leaving the 
service of the quartermaster's department of the army he went to 
New York and was employed as a salesman for a short time. In 
1896 he was happily married to Miss Alice M. Waldby, of Little 
Falls, N. Y., but the lure of the West was again upon him and in 
the fall of 1900 he settled on a homestead near the town of Yuma, in 
the fertile Yuma valley. In his agricultural activities he soon became 
a leading member of his community and assisted in building the 
farmers' canals in that valley and ran the first water there for the 
farmers. Shortly after this he assisted in the organization of the Yuma 
County Water Users' Association and became its secretary, and as such 
was an important factor in bringing the reclamation service to a thor- 
ough knowledge of the needs and great possibilities of the valley so 
that a government project was instituted there. He remained secretary 
of the Water Users' Association until 1909, but in the meantime he 
became interested in politics and was elected councilman of the town 
of Yuma in 1906, and helped pass the first ordinance compelling the 
laying of cement sidewalks, street improvements and sewers in the 
thriving southern city. Soon after this he was appointed clerk of the 
Board of Supervisors of Yuma County, in recognition of his services 
to the Democratic party in the election of 1908 and held that position 
until his appointment to the Tax Commission by Governor Hunt. 
All his life Mr. Miller has been consistently a progressive man, affili- 
ating with the Democratic party. He is a strong supporter of Gover- 
nor Hunt's policy of running the business affairs of the State in a 
businesslike way. A man of varied experience and broad knowledge, 
with an acquaintance of land values in Arizona probably not equaled 
by any member of the commission of which he is a part, Mr. Miller is 
a material addition to the strong personnel of the Commission. 



W. T. WEBB, one of the first Presidential Electors from Arizona, is 
the son of Gilbert and Almira Taft Webb, of Salt Lake City, where 
he was born in 1865, and educated in the public schools and Univers- 
ity. He first came to Arizona in January, 1881, and located at Tomb- 
stone, where he remained about one year, and moving from there to 
Graham County, became associated with his father in business. In 
1887 this business was disposed of and he turned his attention to stock 
business, in which he was engaged for four years, when he returned to 
commercial life, this time as an independent venture and on a small 
scale, but from the first his methods were such as to commend him to 



332 



\\ HO S WHO 




W. T. Webb 

the public, and his business has gradually increased until he is now 
considered one of the leading business men of the state. He is presi- 
dent of the Webb-Merrill Commercial Company of Pima, director of 
the Bank of Safford, ow r ner of the Seventy-Six cattle ranch in the 
Graham Mountains, and interested in various other enterprises in that 
section. Mr. Webb has long taken a prominent part in the political 
life of Arizona, is one of the local leaders of the Democratic party, and 
it is fitting that he should have had the honor of casting for the people 
of the state one of their first votes for President of the United States. 
He was a member of the Twenty-Second Legislature, receiving all 
the votes but two in the Pima precinct ; was re-elected to the Twenty- 
Third Legislature, and was the only man in that body who was elected 
to succeed himself. In all he has represented Graham County three 
times in the Legislature, and w r as Speaker of the House in the Twenty- 
Third Legislature. He has also served two terms as Mayor of Pima 
with excellent results to the city. As a member of the Constitutional 
Convention he was known as a progressive, when in connection with 
the ablest men of that assembly, he took a leading part in the compila- 



IN ARIZONA 



333 



tion of the Constitution. During the state campaign he was identified 
with the progressive Democracy. Mr. Webb was married in 1887 to 
Miss Sarah Burns, daughter of Enoch and Elizabeth Burns, of Pima. 



WILEY E. JONES, attorney at law, a native of Sangamon County, 
Illinois, has been a resident of Arizona for twenty years, and is one of 
the most widely known men in the entire state. He is the son of 
Joshua W. and Polly A. Wills Jones, both of whom are natives of 

Kentucky and were born in 
the same county as Abraham 
Lincoln. Mr. Jones received 
his education in Illinois and 
studied law for four years 
with General John M. Palm- 
er. He was admitted to prac- 
tice with high honors by the 
Supreme Court of the State of 
Illinois, where he followed his 
profession for some years. For 
two terms he represented his 
native county in the Legisla- 
ture, and in 1889 was the 
Democratic nominee for 
Speaker of the" House. Dur- 
ing the same session he made 
the speech placing in nomina- 
tion General Palmer for U. S. 
Senator. For ten years Mr. 
Jones was District Attorney 

of Graham County. In 1898 

he was appointed 1st Lieuten- 
ant in Company A, of the Rough Riders, but his duties as District 
Attorney compelled him to temporarily decline the appointment. 
Shortly after, however, upon the adjournment of the Graham County 
Court, he enlisted as 1st Lieutenant of the 1st Territorial Volunteer 
Infantry, served for seven and one-half months, and was mustered out 
at Albany, Ga. Although Mr. Jones has had no collegiate education, 
and beyond a brief term in the high school at Springfield, 111., his 
knowledge has come from his own struggle on the Illinois farm and 
the district school, he is widely known in this state as one of the lead- 
ing campaigners on the stump. He is a Past Sachem of the Improved 
Order of Red Men of Arizona jurisdiction and for four years served 
as Great Representative to the Great Council of the United States. He 
has long been a member of the I. O. O. F. and Knights of Pythias. 
At the recent election he was elected by a large majority, one of 
Arizona's three Presidential Electors on the Democratic ticket. 




334 W H O ' S W H O 



The Arizona Land Commission 

(By Mulford Winsor, Chairman Land Commission) 

By the terms of the Enabling; Act, under which Arizona was admit- 
ted to the Union, the new state has the right to select from the unap- 
propriated, non-mineral public lands, for the benefit of her various 
institutions, two million three hundred and fifty thousand acres, in 
addition to which four sections in each township 2, 16, 32 and 36 
are set aside for the benefit of the public schools. Since the area of 
the state is 1 13,000 square miles, it may be seen that the public schools 
of Arizona will receive the benefit of about eight million acres of 
land, while the total acreage of state lands for all purposes is brought 
to nearly ten and a half millions. Is it strange that the state should 
look well to the conservation of this princely inheritance? 

These lands are valuable for many purposes timber, grazing, agri- 
culture, etc. but chief among them is agriculture. Immense as is 
Arizona's mineral wealth, and much greater as it will grow, it is des- 
tined that the state's fame, in years to come, will be based upon its 
extensive and varied agriculture. The valleys and mesas of this great 
inland empire, marked by every degree of climate from temperate to 
tropical, are rich beyond compare, lacking only water to make them 
add to the world's production of food stuffs. And there are many 
ways of developing water by means of storage reservoirs, for the im- 
pounding of the floods which annually wash the mountain sides and 
fill the intervening canyons; by means of dams to divert the streams of 
the valleys from their channels ; by means of artesian wells, and in 
other ways. Only a few of the opportunities afforded by nature for 
the watering of Arizona's hitherto waste places have as yet been 
taken advantage of, therefore a very small percentage of the land has 
been cultivated. 

It is now the state's business, having accepted these millions of 
acres, to select them. Then it is the state's business to so administer 
this great wealth as to bring the greatest good to the greatest number. 

It is in this spirit that the new state has approached the subject. In 
the absence of definite information as to the lands to be selected, or of 
the uses to which they and the school sections may be put, the first 
state legislature deemed it wise to postpone the establishment of a 
definite and permanent plan for their handling, control and disposi- 
tion, and to appoint a State Land Commission, of three members, 
whose duty it is to make personal examination of the public lands of 
the state, select the most valuable in satisfaction of the grants for 
institutions, investigate the school sections, and secure all information 
concerning their desirability and adaptability, and to make report to 



IN ARIZONA 




336 



WHO S WHO 



the governor and legislature, setting forth a complete and detailed 
plan of handling all of these lands. The commission consists of 
Mulford Winsor of Yuma, chairman ; Cy Byrne of Pinedale, a practi- 
cal forester, and William A. Moody of Thatcher, a man of wide 
experience in land matters. The chief clerk of the board is E. J. 
Trippel, w r ho was for a number of years registrar of the United States 
Land Office for Arizona. . The commission has a full realization of 
its great responsibility, and hopes to discharge it in creditable manner. 
The Arizona Land Commission is not only gathering, for the bene- 
fit of the legislature, even' sort of information that can be of any value 
and there is a world of it but is building the foundation of what 
it is thought will be the greatest, most comprehensive and most per- 
fectly systematized State Land Office in the Union. When the exami- 
nation now being made of school lands is complete, and the institu- 
tional grant lands shall have been selected, the land office records will 
show, in the most intelligible and comprehensive form, all that any- 
one could possibly wish to know about any sub-division thereof. 
Whether the lands are to be sold or leased, or both, there need be no 
guesswork. What each tract is good for, what it contains and what 
it is worth, can be told, and reliably, at a glance. Nor is this all. 
The Land Commission considers state-building to be its chief duty, 
and is therefore gathering information which will enable it to make 
accurate and intelligent reply to the thousands of queries that will 
doubtless come to it from all quarters, whether such inquiries relate 
to state lands, government lands, or lands in private ownership, or to 
general or local conditions. There will be accurate data regarding 
irrigation enterprises completed, undertaken or projected and irri- 
gation possibilities; regarding the industries in which Arizona is con- 
cerned, and the adaptability of the different sections to their develop- 
ment ; regarding everything of value to the prospective homeseeker, 
investor or business man. In short, the Land Commission proposes to 
know all there is to know about Arizona, to record the facts in get-at- 
able form, and to use them to the state's best advantage. It is a great 
and inspiring work, which has been entered upon with enthusiasm, 
and is being carried forward vigorously and optimistically. 



MULFORD WINSOR, chairman of the State Land Commission, was 
born in Jewell City, Kansas, May 31, 1874. His father was 
editor of the Jewell City Republican, and when but seven years 
old, he began to get an insight into the work of a newspaper office, 
and much of his education was obtained in this way. In 1885 the 
family moved to Fort Smith, Arkansas, where he worked at the 
printing trade and attended high school while serving as journeyman 
printer. With politics as with newspaper work, he early acquired a 
thorough knowledge of the subject, and since his coming to Arizona 
he has been a remarkable influence in the Democratic party, an in- 



IN ARIZONA 



337 



flue nee distinguished by his consistent advocacy of progressive prin- 
ciples. He came to Prescott in 1892, where he remained two 
years, and then removed to Yuma. In journalism he is a leader in 
the state, and a writer of exceptional ability, being both fluent and 
accurate. Mr. Winsor was the first historian of Arizona, and his 
work in this particular is widely known. In 1896 he established The 
\ uma Sun, and he has also owned and edited The Tucson Citizen, 
Phoenix Enterprise, and Daily Globe, of Globe. As editor of the 
latter paper he wrote the first editorials appearing in the state advo- 
cating the Initiative, Referendum and Recall, and calling upon the 
Democratic party to champion the cause of popular government in 
connection with the work of framing Arizona's constitution. He was 
selected in Yuma county as delegate to the Constitutional Conven- 
tion, and was Chairman of the Committee on Legislative Departments, 
which had charge of the Initiative and Referendum Article of the 
Constitution. Mr. Winsor was secretary to Governor Hunt until his 
appointment as member of the Land Commission. He is a member of 
the Yuma Lodge of Elks, and has served as District Deputy Grand 
Exalted Ruler, the highest honor to be conferred by this order in the 
state. 



WILLIAM A. MOODY, member of the State Land Commission, is 
a native of Nevada, and son of William C. and Cynthia Damron 
Moody, pioneers of that State. He was born June 28, 1870. In 
1886 he came to Arizona, and for one year studied in the Latter Day 
Saints' Academy at Thatcher. He was married June 4, 1894, to 
Ella Adelia Williams at Thatcher. Shortly afterward they went to 
the South Sea Islands and he spent almost four years there as mission- 
ary in Samoa without mercenary compensation, during which time 
he learned to read and write the language of the natives, and for two 
years at his own expense taught a free school. Here Mrs. Moody 
died in 1895, leaving one daughter, Hazel, who was born in Samoa, 
May 3, 1895. Before she was a year old, Mr. Moody sent her in 
care of returning missionaries to Arizona, a distance of about seven 
thousand miles. On May 17, 1899, he was again united in marriage, 
to Sarah E. Blake, and of this union there are six children, viz : Ruth, 
Adelia, Flora, Mabel, Rupert and Alton. Mr. Moody says he wills 
that human beings shall be, and that they shall be happy. In 1898 
he was appointed to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge Dam- 
ron in the office of Probate Judge and ex-Officio County School Super- 
intendent, and was twice elected to succeed himself. At the end of 
the year 1902 these offices were separated, and Mr. Moody was twice 
elected to the office of County Superintendent. In August, 1900, he 
conducted the first summer school held for teachers in Graham 
County, and possibly in the Territory. Aside from his political ac- 
tivities he is prominently identified with the commercial life of the 



338 WHO'S WHO 

state. He was one of the organizers, and is now general manager of the 
Mt. Graham Lumber Company, which built the first and only lum- 
ber flume in the state. It is seven miles long and conveys the lumber 
from the top to the base of Mt. Graham, and is one of the most 
important industries of the Gila Valley. He is also President of the 
Thatcher Implement and Mercantile Company, a stockholder in the 
Bank of Safford, and owns a farm of 280 acres, as well as other val- 
uable property in the state. Mr. Moody has been for the most part 
educated by self effort, and for years has followed a regularly defined 
course of study. Active in church affairs all his life, he has been 
steadily promoted from minor positions in the Church to that of Stake 
Superintendent of The Young Men's Mutual Improvement Associa- 
tion of the Thatcher Ward, and under his leadership, the people of 
Thatcher have built, by popular subscription, one of the most mag- 
nificent churches in the state. Responding to a call from the First 
Presidency of the Church, again Mr. Moody took his departure for 
the South Sea Islands, this time to preside over the Samoan Mission, 
including the Friendly Islands, where his duties necessitated a great 
deal of traveling, the two missions aggregating over forty thousand 
miles, the expenses of this traveling being chiefly met by himself. 
Here he not only had charge of the spiritual activities of the mission, 
but also the general management of two large cocoanut plantations 
covering about 1,215 acres, from which he cleared a dense growth of 
tropical timber in order to plant the land to cocoanuts, with the idea 
of making the mission self-sustaining. During this stay of two years 
and nine months, in addition to the above, he established thirteen new 
branches of the church and in each of them a free public school, erected 
several commodious school and mission buildings, and did a great 
many other things of minor importance. Through these varied ex- 
periences and responsibilities Mr. Moody has acquired an unusual 
breadth of thought and stability of character, w r hich are of immense 
value in his official capacity. 



CY BYRNE, a member of the State Land Commission, is especially 
well qualified for the duties of the office, since he was connected with 
the Forestry Service for a number of years, and also traversed many 
miles through Arizona while a member of the Territorial Rangers, 
having served two years in that capacity before he became affiliated 
with the National Forest work. Mr. Byrne is a native of the Buckeye 
State, having been born in Sandusky in 1871. He has been identified 
with many enterprises since coming to Arizona and has an excellent 
idea of the values of land throughout the State. He came to Arizona 
in 1894, worked in the Black Warrior and the Old Dominion Mines 
for some time, after which he entered the employ of the Old Domin- 
ion Commercial Company. He has had practical experience as a 
miner, having prospected for several years, and is still interested in a 



EN ARIZONA 339 

number of valuable claims in the Superior District. As Land Com- 
missioner he brings to the office a fund of experience gained in the 
various enterprises where first hand knowledge of the worth of the 
land can best be obtained ; and to this may be added his experience in 
Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, where he was engaged in the cattle 
business for some time. As Deputy Sheriff of Gila County he was 
known as an energetic and fearless officer. He is closely identified 
with the fraternal life of the State, being a thirty-third degree Mason 
and a member of the B. P. C). E. As a Democrat of the progressive 
type he took an active part in the Statehood campaign, and later in 
the choosing of the officials to govern the new State, and he ranks as 
one of the leaders of the progressive democracy of Arizona. 



LEROY AUSTIN LADD, secretary to Governor Hunt, is another ex- 
ample of the young man who survives hard knocks by regarding them 
as simply part of the game of getting ahead. His chief inheritances 
were a mind of his own and good health to back it up in emergencies, 
two important adjuncts to success which he still retains. The hard 
knocks were an education in themselves, for to the young man prop- 
erly constituted mentally they reveal the common experience of mil- 
lions, and start deep thought in regard to national and state problems 
bearing upon adequate reward for honest work, and the square deal 
in short, the great problem of humanity as it should be presented and 
solved in a country like ours. Leroy Ladd was born in Duanesburgh, 
New York, October 25, 1884, on the family homestead, which was 
part of a large land grant ceded to one of his ancestors, as reward for 
services performed during the French and Indian War. His father 
was a stockman, making a specialty of thoroughbred horses, a number 
of which made enviable track records. But the subject of this sketch 
had a more strenuous experience in store than is usually afforded by a 
comfortable homestead, and at the age of six was introduced to the 
outside world, when his father left New York and went to Connecti- 
cut, Oklahoma and Nebraska, pursuing his accustomed business. His 
father was also active in political life, served three successive terms as 
Mayor of Bloomfield, Connecticut, and in Oklahoma took an active 
part in public affairs. Leroy Ladd was educated in the schools of New 
York and Connecticut, was graduated from the public high school at 
Hartford, and then spent one year at Leland Stanford, Jr., Univers- 
ity. Following this a year was spent ranching in Oklahoma and the 
Indian Nations, but the desire for more education being strong, he left 
the ranch to enter Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., where he re- 
mained three years and was graduated with honors in psychology and 
philosophy. Newspaper work then attracted him and he became asso- 
ciated with the staff of the Hartford Daily Courant. Commencing as 
general reporter, he later did special writing, and was soon holding 



340 



WHO S WHO 



the positions of staff correspondent and automobile editor. Subse- 
quently for about a year, he was on the staff of the San Francisco 
Chronicle. On locating in Globe, Arizona, he served in turn as editor 
and editorial writer of the Silver Belt. Later he organized the Globe 
Bureau of Mines, a syndicate which supplied accurate news and spec- 
ial articles on Arizona mines for 
mining and financial journals, 
the influence of which was ap- 
parent in discouraging wildcat 
schemes. Mr. Ladd served as 
president and manager of the en- 
terprise, and many articles were 
published over his name by lead- 
ing financial papers. In connec- 
tion with this he established the 
Mining News Letter, which at- 
tained a circulation of 5,600 
weekly within four months, and 
the publicity this afforded was 
of untold benefit to the Globe- 
Miami district. Mr. Ladd's ad- 
vent into the political life of 
Arizona occurred soon after his 
arrival in Globe, where he or- 
ganized and was president of the 
"Young Turks," an organiza- 
tion enlisted to fight for clean 
politics and progressive princi- 
ples. It was the first political 
organization in Arizona to de- 
clare for the initiative, referen- 
dum and recall. Its members took an active part in the election of 
delegates to the Constitutional Convention from Gila County, and 
every candidate they supported after the primaries was elected. Mean- 
while, other counties in Arizona had organized along similar lines, 
and the movement had widespread influence in behalf of the progres- 
sive cause. During the campaign of the first general election of state 
officers, Mr. Ladd was publisher and editor of the Daily Globe, which 
most effectively aided the cause of the progressive Democrats, every 
one of whose candidates was elected in Gila County. When the first 
State Legislature convened in March, 1912, Mr. Ladd covered the 
proceedings for the Associated Press, and before its adjournment in 
June, 1912, he was appointed to his present position, Secretary to Gov- 
ernor Hunt. In performing the various duties of this position, which 
has been filled to the entire satisfaction of those concerned, he has dis- 
played not only marked ability but the utmost tact and courtesy. 




IX ARIZONA 



341 




JESSE LAWRENCE BOYCE, Secretary of the State Tax Commission 
and Board of Equalization, was born at Las Vegas, N. M., October 
20, 1881, but the next year the family removed to Arizona, which has 
since been their home. His parents are Cormick E. and Martha 
Murray Boyce. They set- 
tled in Williams, where 
his father became one of 
the prominent merchants 
and took an active part in 
politics. Here Jesse Boyce 
was educated, and he num- 
bers among his early teach- 
ers the Honorable Henry 
D. Ross, now Associate 
Justice of the Supreme 
Court, and Honorable 
George U. Young, former- 
ly Secretary of the Terri- 
tory of Arizona, under 
whom he was graduated at 
the age of twelve years. He 
also had one year at St. 
Michael's College, Santa 
Fe, N. M. ; then worked in 
sawmills for a while, and 
at the age of fifteen was 
punching cows. He later 
attended St. Vincent's Col- 
lege, Los Angeles, from 
which he was graduated in 
the Commercial Class in 
June, 1900; again entered 
the same College, and was 
graduated in 1903 with the degree Bachelor of Science, and received 
the medal awarded for the highest average in the class, and was second 
in standing in composition and elocution. During his term at college 
he took a leading part in all the dramatic performances, frequently 
playing leading parts, and was tackle on the football team for three 
seasons. After leaving college he took an active part in the stock 
business and was engaged in riding ranges for a year. His next move 
was to the logging camps of Northern Arizona, where he spent two 
years. In 1906 he was nominated on the Democratic ticket for Re- 
corder of Coconino County against a Republican, who had held the 
office for six years, and Mr. Boyce was elected by 150 majority; he 
was re-elected for the succeeding term by 350 majority, and held the 
office until Arizona became a State. At the beginning of 1907 he 



342 



W H O S WHO 



moved to Flagstaff, which has since been his home. In June of the 
same year he was married to Miss Mavie Patterson. He is a member 
of the Knights of Columbus, Da Silva Council 1229, Flagstaff, and 
of the B. P. O. E., No. 499, Flagstaff. He was appointed to his pres- 
ent position May 18, 1912, upon recommendation of Governor Hunt. 




Frank S. Ingalls 

FRAXK S. IXGALLS, Surveyor General, was born in Maine in 1851. 
His father, B. F. Ingalls, \vas a descendant of Edmund Ingalls, who 
landed in Massachusetts in 1629 a member of Captain Endicott's 
Company, and who was during the severe Puritanic reign fined two 
shillings for carrying an armload of wood on Sunday. Captain 
Ingalls' mother, formerly Miss Sophronia Thomas, was also a 
descendant of Puritan stock. Captain Ingalls received the benefit 
of the common schools, after which he entered the University or 
California. He was a classmate of John Hays Hammond, James 
Budd (afterward Governor of California) and other equally promi- 
nent men. He married before completing his course at the Uni- 
versity. His wife was Madora Spaulding, daughter of N. W. 



IN ARIZONA 

Spaulding, a prominent Californian. Her father was several 
times Mayor of Oakland, Cal. ; was U. S. Sub-Treasurer at San 
Francisco, and one of the best known men in California. He w r as a 
33d degree Mason and prominent in other organizations. Captain 
Ingalls is serving his third term as Surveyor General, which will 
expire in 1916. He has held practically all the political offices in 
the County of Yuma, as well as being Mayor of the city of that name, 
and served as a member of the Territorial Legislature. He came. to 
Arizona as a young man, in 1882, and has been actively identified with 
the advancement and upbuilding of the Territory since that time. He 
served as Assistant Secretary of the Territory when he first came to 
Arizona, and has since been connected with its official life. There 
have been born to Captain and Mrs. Ingalls six children, three of 
whom are living: Walter, draughtsman in the Surveyor General's 
office ; Charles, an invalid ; and Addie, Librarian Carnegie Public 
Library of Phoenix. 



CHARLES P. MULLEN, President of the Arizona Cattle Growers' 
Association, and General Manager and Treasurer of the Arizona 
Cattle Company, is a resident of Tempe. Mr. Mullen was born in 
Butte County, California, September 8, 1873, and is the son of Joseph 
B. and Mamie E. Mullen. He was graduated with the class of 1895 
from the Tempe Normal School, and for the succeeding three years 
was employed by Thomas Hagan as Superintendent, having charge of 
the buying and selling of cattle. When Mr. Hagan retired from 
business, he secured a similar position with the Turkey Track Cattle 
Company at their ranches in Tempe, to which cattle from their Mexi- 
can ranches were shipped to be fattened and sold. After four years 
he engaged in business on his own account, farming and fattening 
cattle, in which he continued until 1907, when he organized the 
Arizona Cattle Company. Of this company he was elected general 
manager and treasurer, W. J. Kingsbury president and Mrs. V. C. 
Kingsbury secretary. The business of the company is raising cattle 
on their ranges on the Santa Fe west of Prescott and fattening them 
for the Los Angeles market on their own lands in the Salt River 
Valley. The company has been successful from the beginning, and 
their business, which is constantly increasing, is developing into one 
of the foremost in the State. Mr. Mullen is a recognized authority 
on the subject of cattle raising and has been one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Arizona Cattle Growers' Association for some years. In 
1911 he was elected Vice President of the Association, and at the 
annual meeting in 1912 was elected its President. In addition to the 
cattle business his interests are varied. He is one of the directors of 
the Union Bank & Trust Company, Phoenix. In politics, until the 
past year, when he joined the Progressives, Mr. Mullen was a Repub- 
lican, but never an office-holder. He is a member of the Odd 



344 



\V H O S WHO 



\ 





Charles P. Mullen 



Fellows, of which he is a Past Grand ; of the Knights of Pythias, of 
which he is Past Chancellor Commander, and of the B. P. O. E. 
Mr. Mullen was married in 189b to Miss Flora Hanna, of Texas. 
They have three sons, Thaddeus, Kenneth and Teddie, and three 
daughters, Josephine, Frances and Una Belle. 



WILLIAM M. COSTLEY, President of the firm of William M. 
Costley & Co., real estate dealers, Phoenix, and member of Board of 
Curators, State Library, is one of the best known real estate men in 
Arizona. Mr. Costley was born in Lawrence County, Missouri, 
Febuary 11, 1864. His father, who was a pioneer of that State, 
settled there in 1830 and engaged in farming. William Costley, 
having lived on a farm until twenty years of age, had rather limited 
facilities for acquiring an education to that time, when he entered 
Pierce City Baptist College, completed the course and engaged in 



[ N ARIZONA 



345 



teaching. After two years at this occupation he became interested 
in mercantile work, at which he spent fifteen years. He then spent 
several years as traveling salesman, and lived in Missouri, Idaho, 
Kansas and Illinois, and in February, 1906, came to Arizona. He 
at once became interested in real estate, soon saw the possibilities in 
this line, and shortly established the firm of which he is now presi- 
dent. His success from the beginning has been continuous, and the 




William M. Costley 

scope of his activities constantly broadening. Mr. Costley is a staunch 
Democrat, always active in assisting others to attain their ambitions 
in political matters, but has devoted his efforts on his own behalf to 
his business interests. He has never been a candidate for political posi- 
tion and has held none prior to his appointment by Governor Hunt as 
member of the Board of Curators. April 17, 1892, he married Miss 
Effie M. Scott, of Aurora, Missouri. 



HARRY B. CALISHER, of Douglas, Arizona, is one of the pioneer 
business men of the Baby State of the Union. He is a Californian 
by birth, but being endowed with what some people call foresight, 
came to Arizona in her Territorial days. He is one of the pioneers 
of the Queen City of the Plains, Douglas, and no man in that live 
burg of ten thousand inhabitants has more real friends than he. He 



346 



WHO'S WHO 




Harry B. Calisher 

is in the clothing business, and more of the well dressed men in 
Douglas buy their clothes from him than anyw r here else. In politics 
he has always been found working for his friends, and the Democratic 
party of his County, familiarly know r n as "Dear Old Cochise," has 
no more efficient worker for good government than he. He has 
never been a candidate for office, but when the Governor asked his 
County to name a man for the position of Commissioner for the 
California-Panama Exposition at San Diego, he w T as unanimously 
recommended and received the appointment. He is a director of the 
Chamber of Commerce and Alines of his home city, a Thirty-second 
Degree Mason, and one of the most enthusiastic Elks in the country. 
He is always ready to respond to the call of the needy, his list of 
benefactions being known only to himself, as he verily observes the 
scriptural injunction: "Let not your right hand know what your 
left hand doeth." While strictly attentive to business, Mr. Calisher's 
highest ambition is to enjoy the pleasures of his ideally happy home, 
where in the companionship of his most estimable wife and two lovely 
children, he takes the greatest pleasure in entertaining his less fortunate 
bachelor friends. 



IN ARIZONA 347 




Frank P. Trott 

FRANK P. TROOT, Civil Engineer and pioneer of Phoenix, was 
born in McMinnville, Tenn., July 2, 1853. His parents, Henry 
and Hannah A. Shaw Trott, were members of old-time pioneer 
families of that State who figured conspicuously in its history in early 
days. Mr. Trott was reared and educated in his native State, studied 
civil engineering, but for thirty years has been closely associated with 
the interests of Arizona, especially with the development of Phoenix 
and Maricopa County. Here he has followed his chosen work in 
both private and official capacities with abundant success. For six 
years he was surveyor of Maricopa County. He also served as 
Marshal of Phoenix in 1886 and 1887, and as Water Commissioner 
of the Salt River Valley sixteen years. All his life he has been a 
Democrat, devoted to the best interests of the party, and during Terri- 
torial days served as Chairman of the Democratc Central Committee. 
He is a member of years standing in the I. O. O. F., of which 
order he is Past Grand Master, Past Grand Patriarch and Past Grand 
Representative. He is also a member of the Woodmen of the World. 
Mr. Trott has been for many years prominently associated with 
every public movement in and about Phoenix, and is one of the 
representative men of that section. Mrs. Trott, formerly Miss Annie 
McMurty, is also well known in Phoenix. They have one daughter, 
Miss Nellie S. Trott. 



54S 



WHO S WHO 



EUGENE SLIKER, son of a pioneer family in Cincinnati, Ohio, has 
resided in Flagstaff since 1890. During this time he has been asso- 
ciated with the Arizona 
Lumber & Timber 
Company, the oldest 
manufacturing concern 
in the state. At the 
present time he is the 
cashier and one of the 
directors of that com- 
pany. He has been ap- 
pointed to various po- 
sitions of trust by the 
Republican party. As 
Secretary of the Board 
of Education of the 
Northern Normal 
School at Flagstaff, he 
has done all in his pow- 
er to assist in placing it 
on its present firm 
basis. Mr. Sliker was 
married in 1906 to 
Miss Frances Bury, 
daughter of Mrs. 
Helen Bury, who has 
been prominent in 
Phoenix affairs for 
years, and was a pioneer teacher of that city. Mrs. Sliker, 




thirty 



then Miss Bury, was associated with the first president of the North- 
ern Arizona Normal School in the organization of that institution in 
1899. 

Z. C. PRENTA, mayor of Safford, is one of the pioneers of Arizona, 
having come here in 1884. He first lived in Cochise County four 
years, and then removed to the Gila Valley, where he ranks as one 
of the great cattlemen of the state. He was first interested in cattle 
and ranching, then engaged in an independent business venture, and 
later became associated with George A. Olney in establishing the Saf- 
ford Ice and Creamery Company, which manufactures ice for the en- 
tire Gila Valley. Mr. Prera was born in Italy in 1862, and came to 
America with his father in 1870, landing in New Orleans. Having 
lived there for a short time, he proceeded to Texas, where he remained 
until he decided to make Arizona his home. On November 16, 1897, 
Mr. Prena married Miss Martha Wanslee, daughter of Nathan and 
Ruth Wanslee, of Safford, and since his marriage has acquired much 
of his education, having applied himself diligently to rudimentary 



f X A R I Z O X A 349 

blanches until proficient to take up a business course, which he com- 
pleted with much credit. Mr. Prena is now especially interested in 
educational matters, and is one of those who opposed consolidation of 
the two districts except for high school purposes. When it was pro- 
posed to establish another room in the schools by private subscription, 
Mayor Prena headed the list of contributors. He is also an active 
member of the Chamber of Commerce, and has been a promoter of 
some of the town's most worthy enterprises. He is a member of the 
Blue Lodge Masons and Knights of Pythias. Politically he has al- 
ways been associated with the Democratic party, and while an import- 
ant factor in its councils in the county, has never held an office previ- 
ously except that of supervisor for one term. Locally he has been 
elected to the council, and is now serving his second term as mayor. 
The Prena family consists of Eva, Ruth, Zeff, Jr., Eunice and Grant. 



JESSE GREGG, rancher, wool grower and cattleman, is one of Ari- 
zona's pioneers who has accomplished much for the good of the state, 
and of Flagstaff and vicinity in particular. Mr. Gregg was born in 
Illinois in 1861 of Scotch parentage. His father, James Gregg, died 
at the siege of Vicksburg, but his mother is still living. Jesse Gregg 
has been for the most part educated by reading and experience, but 
the courage of his convictions and tenacity of purpose which have been 
part of his Scotch heritage have enabled him to overcome obstacles, 
and thereby accomplish much under conditions that \vould have daunt- 
ed many another. Starting with little of this world's goods, he has, 
by his perseverance, application to duty and good judgment, risen, 
until he stands today pre-eminent among Arizona's noteworthy citi- 
zens. His home near Flagstaff is a model ranch. The location is 
ideal, the soil fertile, and the remarkable crops which it produces are 
due, in large part, to the manner in which it is handled. Known all 
over Arizona as an able business man, Mr. Gregg was elected to the 
office of supervisor by the largest vote ever received by a candidate for 
this office, and by the board was chosen chairman. During his term 
of office he was recognized as one who fought for his convictions, re- 
gardless of conditions. Public improvements, clean cut economy, and 
methods such as would be used by a business man in his own affairs 
w r ere the watchword of the administration, and the people were justly 
grateful. Mr. Gregg is a broadminded man, who has long been a 
power in the councils of his party, this able administration has made 
him stronger, and he would poll many votes outside his party should 
he seek any county office. One of the things accomplished by him is 
the saving of the Bright Angel Trail for Coconino County, to which 
it now belongs, to which end he cast aside politics and other considera- 
tions in his efforts to succeed in his purpose. Mr. Gregg is a member 
of the Masons and Odd Fellows. He married Miss Matilda M. 
Huffman, and their family consists of Esther, Jim, Nellie and 
Jesse, Jr. 



350 



WHO S WHO 



It is not known whether or not there is any working of fate in the 
fact that the youngest State of the Union has the youngest Secretary 
of State, but it is true nevertheless. In addition to having the 
youngest official holding a similar position of trust and confidence in 
all the vast American population of 100,000,000, Arizona has, in 
Sidney P. Osborn, its only native office-holder in the official family 
under the big dome at the State House. In this good year 1913, 
Mr. Osborn is just verging on the twenty-ninth winter of his life. 

The chief pride of Arizonans in the Secretary of State does not, 
however, lie in his youth, but in his efficiency in office, and as a 
politician without a peer among the members of his party. He has 
an old head on young shoulders. 

But to return to the cold, hard facts of biography. Sidney P. 
Osborn was born in a little, straggling village on the banks of the 
Salt River no longer ago than May 17th, 1884. The straggling 
village of his birth has thrown off the swaddling clothes of provincial- 
ism and is fast growing into a metropolitan city, the finest in the 
Southwest, the capital and chief city of this great State. Secretary 
Osborn's parents were in every sense pioneers, as w T ere their parents 
before them. They arrived in Prescott in 1864, in days when travel 
was slow over the plains. The prairie schooner made sure progress, 
however, for all its lack of celerity, and in the course of the passage 
of the years the Osborn family arrived near where Phoenix now is, 
the Secretary's grandfather settling in what is now the Osborn district 
of Phoenix. The name of the district comes from the fact that the 
large Osborn family lived there for many years. 

Sidney Osborn took advantage of the school facilities of Phoenix 
and was graduated from the High School in 1903, but in the mean- 
time he had been given a taste of official life in the capacity of page 
in the Territorial Legislative Assembly of Arizona of 1899. During 
the years 1903, 1904 and 1905 he was Private Secretary to Honorable 
J. F. Wilson, Delegate in Congress from Arizona. 

When Congress passed the Enabling Act and the struggle for dele- 
gates to the Constitutional Convention in Arizona opened, young 
Osborn entered the field as a candidate of the Progressive Democracy. 
At that time he was connected with one of the local newspapers, in one 
of the tripartite capacities in which young men of ability are often 
employed upon small newspapers. He was at once circulation mana- 
ger, advertising solicitor and collector, as well as a part time reporter. 
However, this training gave him further insight. It gave him an 
ability to met his fellow men on an equal plane, so that when he ran 
for the Constitutional Convention, in addition to his being a native 
son, born in Phoenix, and one of the Osborn family, he stood upon 
his general information of men and affairs as viewed through the eyes 
of a life-long and progressive Democrat, and he was, therefore, elected 
t^ the Convention, its voungest member. 



IN ARIZONA 



351 




Sidney P. Osborn 



3o2 WHO'S WHO 

When the first State election came on, Osborn stood out in the 
primary and general election as the successful candidate for the office 
of Secretary of State, his record in the Constitutional Convention 
having much to do with this. However, it is quite likely that the 
resentment of his many friends to the slurs of youth fired at him by 
the opposition had much to do with his excellent majority. Since 
assuming office he has conducted the business in a most successful 
manner, and established a record that future secretaries will find 
hard to beat. 

In 1912 Secretary Osborn found the ideal of his dreams in a 
handsome young Australian woman, Miss Marjorie Grant, and in 
September of that year the Secretary quietly journeyed to Los Angeles, 
where the young lady lived, and there they were quietly married. 
Returning to Phoenix, they set up housekeeping. Both the Secretarv 
and his charming wife are popular members of society in the Capital 
City. Both number their friends by their acquaintances, and both 
can look forward to long and useful careers in the political and social 
circles of the great S"ate of Arizona. 



JOHN C. CALLAGHAN, first state auditor of Arizona, was born at 
Gallitzin, Pennsylvania, July 9, 1869. He is the son of James and 
Mary Sloan Callaghan. His father is now superintendent of the 
South Fork Coal Mining Company of South Fork, Pa. Mr. Calla- 
ghan began work in the coal mines at the age of eleven years, mean- 
while attending night school. He returned to school after a few 
years, and later entered the employ of the Webster Coal & Coke Com- 
pany, at Ehrenfeld, Pa., as bookkeeper in the general store of that 
company, later becoming assistant manager. In August, 1897, he re- 
signed, going to Denver, Colorado, and in December, 1898, came to 
Clifton, Arizona, where he took a position in the store office of the 
Arizona Copper Company. Resigning this position in July, 1899, he 
removed to Bisbee, took charge of the credit department of the Copper 
Queen store, w r hich position he resigned January 1, 1902, to engage in 
a business partnership. During the administration of Sheriff A. V. 
Lewis at Tombstone in 1903 and 1904 he was under sheriff, and in 
1905 returned to Bisbee to engage in business, of which he disposed in 
June, 1908, and was that year the Democratic nominee for County 
Treasurer, but, w r ith other Democrats, met defeat. He was nominated 
State Auditor in the primary campaign of 1911, carrying even- county 
except one, and w^as elected to that office December 12th of that year. 
He is ex-Officio State Bank Comptroller, President of the State Board 
of Equalization, and a member of each, the State Board of Control, 
State Board of Commissioners of Paroled Prisoners, State Loan Com- 
mission, and the Land Board of Arizona, the performance of the 
duties of w r hich various positions, added to his duties as State Auditor, 



IN ARIZONA 



353 




John C. Callaghan 



354 WHO'S WHO 

constitute him a very busy official. During Mr. Callaghan's service 
with the large mining companies of the Southwest he has made a 
reputation not only for efficiency, but for executive ability. His influ- 
ence was one of the factors in bringing Cochise safely into the Demo- 
cratic column and making it the banner county in the election of 
1912. From boyhood he has been a close and persistent student of 
political economy, is one of the best informed men in the state on the 
complex question of taxation, and is today considered one of the most 
able members of Arizona's progressive Democracy. He was a pio- 
neer advocate in Arizona of the Initiative and the Referendum, as 
early as 1905 declaring for these in the press, together with other pro- 
posed reforms, many of which were later incorporated in the Consti- 
tution of Arizona, and in this connection it may be said that on sub- 
jects in which he takes a special interest, he wields a facile pen. He is 
possessed of foresight of excellent clarity, and is ever in the forefront 
in the advocacy of progressive ideas, taking care, however, to espouse 
only those economic ideas which are of a substantial and enduring 
character, and is not handicapped by the possession of idiosyncrasies. 
Of a quiet, retiring disposition, his official acts are not planned or 
timed to produce self-advertisement, nor are they intended to be 
spectacular in effect ; neither are they tempered with political expedi- 
ency. He brings to his office that measure of balance, poise and dig- 
nity which commands respect, and which a constituency is pleased to 
observe in a state official. Mr. Callaghan is an Elk, and a Past Ex- 
alted Ruler of Bisbee Lodge No. 671. 



GEORGE PURDY BULLARD, first State Attorney General of Arizona, 
and one of the ablest attorneys of the State, is also one of the most 
energetic, and has, since assuming the duties of the Attorney Gen- 
eral's office, accomplished much in the way of generally beneficial 
legislation, as his conscientious efforts have resulted in the drafting 
of many statutes and the correction of many others. Those who 
watched his w T ork as District Attorney of Maricopa County expected 
much of the State's first Attorney General, and they have not been 
disappointed, as the statutes which he has drafted are sane, fair, and 
so drawn as to stand the most rigid tests. Mr. Bullard is a close 
associate of Mr. Cunniff, President of the Senate, and, like him, 
seems to thrive on hard work. Arizona can claim in her legal pro- 
fession many bright minds and earnest workers, but none who exceed 
in ability or earnestness the present Attorney General. In knowledge 
and experience, too, he is exceptional, all of w T hich will be more thor-' 
oughly demonstrated as time goes on and the State of Arizona reaps 
the benefits of his zeal. Air. Bullard is also an ardent autoist, 
President of the State Automobile Association, and one of the most 
enthusiastic good roads boosters in the State. He believes that there 



T N ARIZONA 



355 




George Purely Bullard 



356 



\V H O S W H O 



is more money in tourists than in alfalfa, and that a highway system 
traversing the State should be built as an attraction to tourists. Mr. 
Bullard organized the Maricopa County Automobile Club about 
rive years ago, and it was he who conceived the idea of an annual race 
from Los Angeles to Phoenix, induced the "Republican" to offer a 
cup as a trophy, and has so successfully promoted the event for several 
years. He is widely known as "The Father of the Phoenix Race." 
Mr. Bullard w r as born in Portland, Oregon, April 14, 1869, and is 
the son of L. J. and Minnie Purdy Bullard. When quite young 
he went to San Francisco, where he studied law, and when twenty-one 
was admitted to the bar in California, and has since been constantly 
engaged in the practice of his profession. From 1894 to 1899 he 
practiced in San Francisco, and since the latter year in Phoenix, and 
for five years w r as District Attorney of Maricopa County. He is a 
member of the Board of Trade, for three years was director of the 
Country Club, is Vice President of the State Good Roads Association 
and honorary member of the Lincoln Memorial Association. Mr. 
Bullard was married in 1901 to Miss Kate C. Brockway and their 
residence at 1131 North Central Avenue is one of the finest in 
Phoenix. 



RICHARD E. SLOAX w r as born in Preble County, Ohio, June 22, 
1857. He is the son of Dr. Richard and Mary Caldwell Sloan. 
Having completed his preliminary 7 education, he entered Monmouth 
College, from which he was graduated in 1877 with an A. B. degree, 
and two years later with an A. M. degree. He then taught school 
for one year and took up the study of law with Mr. James, an attor- 
ney of Hamilton, Ohio, later attending the Cincinnati Law School, 
from which he took the degree LL. B. in 1884. In the meantime, 
however, he had gone to Colorado where he was employed in various 
capacities until 1882. Returning to the West after his graduation 
from Law School, he located in Phoenix and engaged in practice 
for about two years, when he removed to Florence, and in the au- 
tumn of 1886 was elected District Attorney of Pinal County. In the 
autumn of 1888 he was honored by being chosen to the Council of the 
Fifteenth General Assembly and during his term served as Chairman 
of the Judiciary Committee and member of several others. Judge 
Sloan was also a member of the Code Commission in 1901. The 
next year President Harrison appointed him Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court, and in this capacity Judge Sloan made an excellent 
record, but with change of administration he resumed his private prac- 
tice, choosing Prescott as his field, and there his practice constantly 
increased in importance. In July, 1897, however, he was again ap- 
pointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and served until 
1909, when he was appointed Territorial Governor, in which office 
he continued until the admission of the state. Appointed United States 



IN ARIZONA 



357 




Richard E. Sloan 



358 \v H o ' S \V H o 

District Judge for Arizona in 1912, he held the office by recess com- 
mission from August, 1912, to March 4th, 1913. He is now a mem- 
ber of the firm of Sloan, Seabury & Westervelt. In November, 1887, 
he married Miss Mary Brown, of Hamilton, Ohio. Mrs. Sloan is a 
woman of charming personality and possesses qualities which make 
her socially an addition to the best circles. Judge Sloan has two 
children, Miss Eleanor B., a graduate of Vassar College, and Mary 
Caldwell, aged twelve. 



L. C. HUGHES, ex-Governor of Arizona, was born May 15, 1842, 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and a few months thereafter his 
parents removed to Pittsburgh. At two years of age he was left an 
orphan, and was placed in a Presbyterian orphanage, when he re- 
mained until ten years of age, and was then indentured with a Calvin- 
istic farmer family, where he was trained to hard work the three 
months yearly district school laying a foundation upon w r hich to build 
for future achievements. At the opening of the Civil War he was 
working his way through an academy in a country village. This 
was when slavery agitation was at white heat. The orphan boy had 
read Uncle Tom's Cabin, and taking part in the school debates, was 
ardent for the freedom of black boys and girls. The call to arms to 
save the Union found him recruiting a company from among the 
country boys, and after he had been twice refused enlistment on 
account of size, finally succeeded in being accepted in Company A, 
101st Pennsylvania Volunteers, served two years in camp, field and 
hospitals, and was discharged on account of general disability. A 
year thereafter he re-enlisted and was Sergeant for a one hundred 
days' campaign in Knapp's Pittsbuig battery, to aid in protecting 
Washington City. During his army service the camp was his school 
and he utilized his spare hours in study. When first discharged he 
entered a government machine shop and rapidly acquired the trade, 
the shop men all helping the "little boy in blue," as he was called. 
When he had worked but two years he was accepted as a journeyman, 
joined Machinists and Blacksmiths' Union No. 2 of Pittsburgh, and 
there is where he began to develop his altruistic spirit. The cause 
of freedom for the black man and the Union of States sett'ed, the 
cause of labor was rising above the horizon. Returning soldiers 
filled the shops and all other avenues of employment, and labor saving 
machinery had made great strides during the war; an estrangement 
between capital and labor was a new issue, and rumblings of discon- 
tent were heard among the laboring masses everywhere. Many 
remedies were suggested, co-operative societies, building and loan asso- 
ciations, reduction of the hours of labor, with the hope of reducing 
the supply and increasing the demand for labor. In this new field 
young Hughes w r as a willing, active and aggressive spirit. Pitts- 
burgh, a center of iron and glass manufacturing, was ripe for agita- 
tion, organization and labor reform at the close of the war. Here 



[ N ARIZONA 



359 




Li. C. Hughes 



360 



WHO S WHO 



was a new field, calling for self-sacrificing workers, which found in 
him aggressive enthusiasm. The eight hour movement was crystal- 
ized into practical form in 1866, and, joining with the leaders, W. 
O'Neil of Boston and Jonathan Fincher of Philadelphia, he secured a 
petition of several thousand working men of Pittsburgh, addressed to 
Congress, for a law fixing eight hours for all government work. 
This was sent to Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts, who 
fathered and passed the bill, the first eight hour law in the United 
States. During the same year he agitated and aided in organizing 
in South Pittsburgh, the first co-operative store on the Rochdale plan 
west of the Allegheny mountains. While taking a course in Mead- 
ville Theological School, he counseled Father Upchurch in organizing 
the A. O. of U. W., and became a member of Jefferson Lodge No. 1, 
the first in the United States. The order had as one of its purposes 
the federation of all trades and labor unions, but it soon drifted into 
a fraternal insurance organization. In 1868 he delivered an address 
on "Trades Unions, Their Cause, Influence and Present Necessity," 
before the International Convention of Machinists and Blacksmiths' 
Union of America and Great Britain, at Cleveland, Ohio, predicting 
a destructive conflict between the Pennsylvania Railroad and labor. 
That conflict climaxed, inside of five years, in the destruction of 
millions of property in Pittsburgh and other points on its railroad sys- 
tem. Mr. Hughes studied law in Meadville, overtasked himself in 
his studies and reform activity, and wrecked his health, which resulted 
in his seeking rest and absence from the fretting and agitating multi- 
tude, and 1871 found him in Tucson, Arizona, the land of the fierce 
Apaches, desert and sunshine, where he entered upon the practice of 
his chosen profession. Soon after he was appointed Probate Judge 
and ex-Officio County Superintendent of Schools ; was District 
Attorney tw y o terms ; was Attorney General ; United States Court 
Commissioner; Member of Board of World's Fair Commission at 
Chicago for Arizona, and delegate to the Democratic National Con- 
ventions in 1884 and 1892. In 1878 he established the Arizona 
Star, the first daily paper in Arizona, of which he was editor and 
publisher for thirty years. When the Arizona Press Association 
was organized in 1892 Mr. Hughes was elected its first President. 
The birth of the Star was the date of the State building era of Ari- 
zona, and to this end the Star declared the settlement of the Apache 
problem was the first consideration. The government had adopted 
the Indian reservation policy, herding and feeding and protecting 
thousands of Apache murderers, who sallied forth from their cities of 
refuge to commit depredations on the white settlers, then returned 
with the plunder and scalps of their victims as trophies of these raids. 
The Star initiated and declared for the policy of removal of the crim- 
inal element of the Apaches to Florida, land of swamps, lakes, forests, 
rain and storms new to the merciless savage where the physical 
conditions were in striking contrast to the desert's treeless, mountain- 



I X A R I Z O X A 361 

ous and arid region, and for years the Star stood alone in its advocacy 
of this policy. Mr. Hughes secured the agency of the Associated 
Press, and with every fresh Apache outbreak the news was flashed to 
the press, with public resolutions demanding their removal, thus 
securing comment of the press and creating wide-spread public opinion 
of the entire country. At the Democratic National Convention of 
1884, he secured the adoption of a plank pledging the party to the 
removal policy. Cleveland was elected and Mr. Hughes, with 
petitions from all Arizona settlements, visited him and secured his 
pledge for the removal policy. The President then commissioned 
General Miles to make good his promise, and in less than six months 
after his arrival in Arizona General Miles had all the criminal 
Apaches captured and removed to Florida. This was the first im- 
portant step for Arizona State builders. On the first anniversary of 
the removal of the Apache, the citizens of Arizona celebrated the 
event at Tucson by presenting a sword to General Miles, and in 
recognition of their public service, the Society of Arizona Pioneers 
elected him and L. C. Hughes honorary life members of the society. 
This anniversary, while it memorialized the end of Indian war, was 
the date of a still more important event, for it was here and then that 
General Miles made an address before the Arizona Pioneer Society 
declaring it was the duty of the Federal Government to reclaim its 
arid region to agriculture. This was the first public utterance on 
this question, and with the permission of the General, Mr. Hughes 
called the attention of the editor of the North American Review to 
the address, asked to have it published, and it appeared in the issue of 
March, 1890, under the title, "Our Unwatered Empire." This 
w y as the first publication on the subject of government reclamation in 
the United States, so declared by Senator Newlands in Congress 
twelve years thereafter, upon the eve of the passage of National Irri- 
gation Law. This w T as the second important step achieved by Ari- 
zona State builders. After the removal of the Apaches, the titles to 
vast areas of land in Arizona, claimed under Spanish and Mexican 
land grants, was a menace to the settlement of the Territory. Mr. 
Hughes had already secured the introduction of a bill in Congress, 
creating a Federal land court, its purpose being the determining of 
these titles. Single handed for several years he made the issue for 
the creation of this court, while the entire legal fraternity, the press 
(excepting the Star), together with the Arizona delegate in Congress, 
opposed the measure ; but the court was created, organized and in less 
than ten years returned to the government over 12,000,000 acres in 
Arizona alone, claimed under Spanish and Mexican titles. This 
land embraces the finest agricultural districts of every valley of South- 
ern Arizona. This was the third most important step of the State 
builders. The building of homes, promoting permanent settlement 
throughout Arizona, found practical and successful encouragement in 
the Star advocacy of establishing Building and Loan Associations, the 



362 \V H O ' S WHO 

first of which was organized in Tucson in 1887. Mr. Hughes made 
a successful ten years' contest against public gambling, and had a hill 
/or its suppression passed through the lower house of Congress. Its 
enactment was urged by President Roosevelt and recommended for 
passage by the Senate Committee on Territories. But he had action 
suspended on the bill for sixty days to give the Legislatures of Arizona 
and New Mexico an opportunity to enact a Territorial law, which 
they did, thus banishing public gambling from those Territories. 
This was the fourth conquest for the State builders. The Star waged 
war against the saloon traffic and advocated woman suffrage for 
thirty years as an aid in this and kindred reforms in building the State. 
It was on the firing line of many political reforms, including the initia- 
tive, referendum and recall, primary elections, etc., and always against 
capital punishment. It urged with vigor the establishment of 
schools, churches, fraternal societies, providing firm foundation for 
community life, and was emphatic for the reading of the Bible in the 
public schools and other public educational institutions, as well as the 
enactment of laws requiring the teaching of the Spanish language in 
the public schools as an important link of union with the Spanish- 
American Republics and opening a wide field of professional and com- 
mercial business for Spanish-speaking Americans. Mr. Hughes was 
governor of the Territory from April 1st, 1893, to April 1st, 1896. 
His administration was signalized by economy and retrenchment in 
the public service, by eliminating all unnecessary employes. When 
he came into office the Territorial treasury was facing a deficit of 
more than $50,000. In 1893 the deficit was reduced to less than 
$3,300; in 1894 there was nearly $6,000 in the treasury, and at the 
close of 1895 the Territorial indebtedness had been reduced $50,- 
485.76 the first decrease in the indebtedness for fifteen years. And 
this result with no increase of taxation. Upon his recommendation 
a non-partisan Board of Control was created, composed of the Gov- 
ernor, the Auditor and a citizen member of the opposite political 
party, none but the citizen member receiving compensation for ser- 
vices. This law abolished the Boards of Commissioners of Prison, 
Insane Asylum, Reform School and Railroad making a saving of 
more than $25,000 in salaries and mileage, as the records show. The 
cost per capita for administering the Territorial Prison and Insane 
Asylum was reduced 23 per cent, and reduction in maintenance was 
noticeable in all institutions. The annual cost of maintaining the 
Territorial administration under Governor Hughes was less than 
$200,000, and for the three years it did not reach a total of $600,000, 
notwithstanding that, during those three years, there were erected the 
Normal School buildings at Flagstaff and Tempe, University dormi- 
tory at Tucson, and over $30,000 expended in improvements on the 
Insane Asylum and Prison buildings more public buildings erected 
than under any previous administration. The parole law was en- 
acted and put into successful operation by him; and of the many pris- 



[ X ,\ R I Z O X A 363 

oners who enjoyed its benefits, but one violated his parole. Convicts 
whenever paroled were required to work. Governor Hughes' maxim 
was that savages could not be civilized, nor criminals reformed, with- 
out labor. His prison policy aided much in the large reduction re- 
ferred to in prison maintenance. The Governor's three annual reports 
to the Secretary of the Interior and Congress proved of great public 
value, as they contained much data on climate and wealth resources 
of the Territory, the Indians and their needs, and moral and pro- 
gressive character and interests of its diversified population. The 
information furnished therein was the subject of much favorable 
comment in the press of the country. There were 5,000 copies of the 
1893 and 1894 reports published, and so great was the demand for 
these that of the report of 1895, containing 119 pages, 17,500 copies 
were issued by the government and distributed. It scarcely need be 
added that these proved a valuable advertising medium for the Terri- 
tory. The Federal law calling for these reports requires the Gov- 
ernor to give the general conditions and make recommendations as to 
Congressional legislation for the Territory, which opened a wide 
field that was taken advantage of by the Governor, the press com- 
ment being that more information had been published in these reports, 
and recommendations which were crystalized into law, than by all the 
governors who had preceded him. Recommendations were made for 
appropriation for irrigation of lands of the Indian reservations; set- 
ting apart for allotment lands for Indians wishing to take them in sev- 
eralty, especially the Papago, Maricopa, Pima and the Yuma tribes; 
increasing Indian industrial schools, educating and training Arizona 
Indian children in the Territory, for the conservation of their health 
and to enable them to learn local industrial pursuits ; transferring 
trial of Indians from Territorial to United States courts, and secur- 
ing appropriations to meet the expenses of such trials had, and jail 
and penitentiary costs of Indian convicts; for creating forest reserva- 
tions at headwaters of Arizona streams and water supply ; and for 
setting apart the "Petrified Forest" as a national park. The Gov- 
ernor also urged and finally secured the passage of a Congressional 
act authorizing the Territory to lease school lands, and placing the 
proceeds thereof in the public school funds. This law has been and 
is a source of large and increasing revenue to the schools of the State. 
He also encouraged the location of a National School of Science near 
the Grand Canyon, that cluster of natural phenomena. He urged 
many needed reforms, especially the suppression of the liquor traffic, 
which was shown to be the greatest bane to the Indians the initial 
cause of our Apache wars, the cause of over 65 per cent of Territorial 
taxation, as well as the many other accompanying evils. He urged 
upon Congress its duty to Arizona to suppress this traffic. All of 
these recommendations went before the country, commended or con- 
demned by the press, thus creating public opinion, mostly favoring 
these appeals. During his term as Chancellor of the University that 



364 WHO'S WHO 

institution rapidly increased its number of students, especially from 
residents throughout the Territory. An important factor in that 
growth was the aiding of those lacking the financial resources for 
securing the benefits of the University, by employing them in various 
departments as assistants, and allowing compensation for their ser- 
vices. The average number of these assistants is twenty-five, most 
of whom rank well as students and graduates. This is but one of 
the various improved conditions inaugurated during this period. In 
1868 Mr. Hughes married Josephine Brawley, of Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, daughter of John R. Brawley, a western Pennsylvania 
farmer of large political connections and influence. In all oi his 
labors, struggles and achievements, Mrs. Hughes entered into the 
fullest partnership, and proved equal to every emergency developing 
the characteristics and qualities of a noble heroine. They have two 
living children a daughter, Mrs. Gertrude Woodward, and State 
Senator John T. Hughes, who reflect honor upon their parents. It is 
but just that Governor Hughes and family are titled "Arizona's State 
Builders," to which they have given more than forty years of service, 
facing through it all the most strenuous opposition of evil forces, 
which they met with that fearlessness born of the secret powers 
within. Now, at the sunset of life, they realize that their faithful 
service has already borne much fruit, which will yield a thou^and- 
fold to the citizenship yet unborn of the (to be) great, the good, the 
grand Commonwealth of Arizona, out of which will issue not only 
millions of material wealth, but a people whose characters will be 
lustrous as statesmen, poets, philosophers, prophets and altruists in the 
broadest sense of the terms. 



LEWIS T. CARPENTER, Assistant Attorney General of the State of 
Arizona, is a native of Tennessee, although he was raised in the 
great State of Texas, and is, in fact, a Texan. He received his 
academic education at Trinity University and studied law in the 
University of Texas; was admitted to the bar at Corsicana, Texas, 
at the age of twenty-two and was, during the same year, elected to 
the office of County Attorney of that county. At the close of his 
term of office he removed to Dallas, Texas, and engaged in the prac- 
tice of law there until the time of his removal to Arizona. Mr. Car- 
penter's arrival in Arizona and his entrance into Arizona politics 
were identical as at the time he arrived in the city of Phoenix with 
his family from Texas, the campaign for statehood was on and with- 
in two or three days after the date of his arrival he was on the 
stump for the Democratic ticket and continued to work faithfully 
until the close of the campaign ; the Democrats carried the state and 
Mr. Carpenter was accredited as one of those who had been of 
great assistance in bringing about this result. He was soon after- 
wards appointed Assistant Attorney General, which position he has 



[ N ARIZONA 



365 




Lewis T. Carpenter 



\V H O S WHO 



held since the entrance of Arizona as a state. He is a member of 
the firm of Bullard <$: Carpenter, one of the leading firms of the 
state. Mr. Carpenter's family consists of his wife and three chil- 
dren. He is connected with some of the prominent financial insti- 
tutions of the state and believes in boosting; Arizona at all times and 
has great faith in its future from a political and material standpoint. 
He has, in the office of the Attorney General, achieved an enviable 
reputation as a lawyer and is one of the most popular members of 
the Arizona bar. 



JOHX T. HUGHES, Senator from Pima County, was born in 
Tucson in 1874, and is the son of L. C. and Josephine B. Hughes, 
two pioneer State builders. At the age of six, with his sister Ger- 
trude, he was sent to Snell's School, Oakland, California, and two 
years afterward was entered in Beck's Family School for Boys, a 
Moravian institution, Lititz, Pennsylvania, where he remained four 
years. He next attended Freehold Academy in New Jersey, from 
which he was graduated, and then took up the study of law in the 
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. After admission to prac- 
tice he went to Chicago and engaged in his profession for two years, 
then was urged to come to Tucson and take a course in newspaper and 
journalistic experience, which he did with the "Star," in which he 
was financially interested. His first taste of politcal life was as Page 
of the First Constitutional Convention in 1891. He was then pri- 
vate secretary to his father, during part of his administration as Terri- 
torial Governor, and later Superintendent of Schools for Pima 
County. In 1894, with his mother, Territorial President of the 
Suffrage forces in Arizona, and a warm personal friend of Aunt Susan 
B. Anthony, he attended the National Suffrage Convention at Wash- 
ington, D. C. Miss Anthony, observing John enter the hall with his 
mother, captured and took him to the platform and introduced him to 
the vast audience as the son of Governor and Mrs. L. C. Hughes, life 
champions of Equal Rights, and John a native son of Arizona, w r hom 
she then dedicated the "Suffrage Knight of Arizona," predicting his 
sterling loyalty to the faith of father and mother. Senator Hughes 
has well fulfilled this prediction in his advocacy on the platform, in 
the press and all public places. He introduced the resolution in the 
First State Senate proposing a constitutional amendment enfranchising 
Arizona's womanhood. The issue then came before the people 
through the initiative, which resulted in the adoption of the Consti- 
tutional Amendment by a large majority, his home county, the storm 
center of the fight, having voted two to one for the amendment. 
Politically Mr. Hughes is a Democrat and entered political life in 
western Pennsylvania in Bryan's first campaign, during which he or- 
ganized Democratic clubs and made over one hundred speeches. He 
is a member of the Pima County Central Committee, and of the State 



IN ARIZONA 



367 




John T. Hughes 



WHO S WHO 



Central and Executive Committees. At the first State election he 
was elected Senator from Pima Count}', in which capacity he wielded 
a marked influence. He has given much study to governmental 
affairs, and is well acquainted with public men and measures. Sen- 
ator Hughes has served as Chairman of the Committee on Suffrage 
and Elections, and Printing and Clerks; and as member of the Ju- 
diciary, Appropriations, Constitutional Amendments and Municipal 
Corporations committees. During the first and second sessions he 
introduced and put through many bills, all of which are conceded to 
be of advantage to the State, one of which is the State Weights and 
Measures ordinance, which he urged as a just and equitable measure, 
to prevent the short weighing of goods and merchandise. Among 
others of importance was a resolution ratifying the income tax amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States, and Arizona was the 
twenty-ninth State to ratify the amendment. Also the following 

r . 

Acts: Providing for the taxation of gifts, legacies and inheritances; 
an obligatory indeterminate sentence law, with parole principle ; pro- 
viding for the publicity of campaign expenses before and after the 
primary and election ; providing for an endowment of three hundred 
thousand acres of land for the College of Agriculture and the School 
of Mines for the University of Arizona; a comprehensive primary 
election law; providing severe penalties for tampering with switch 
lights on railroads. This much, and more, stands to his credit for 
the first session. During the next session he introduced and had 
passed, among other important laws: An act providing for the con- 
struction and maintenance of municipal slaughter houses in cities of 
three thousand or more population, where all animals are to be in- 
spected before killing, and slaughter houses to be maintained under 
sanitary conditions; an act permitting the sale of lands to the Car- 
negie Desert Laboratory ; an act authorizing the removal of the State 
Industrial School from Benson to the Fort Grant Military Reserva- 
tion ; an act authorizing incorporated cities to issue bonds for the 
purpose of constructing sanitary sewers ; an act to provide punish- 
ment for contempt of court; an act relating to the reorganization of 
the Arizona Pioneers' Home; an appropriation for the benefit of the 
Arizona Historical Society; a bill providing for an appropriation of 
$150,000 for an agricultural building for the University of Arizona, 
and appropriations for agricultural education and experimental work. 
These items were placed in the general appropriation bill and passed. 
Acts authorizing the working of convicts on public roads, highways and 
bridges, and a bill authorizing the purchase of a prison farm. He also 
introduced the following bills, which were passed by the Senate, but 
defeated in the House: Providing that all State, County and City 
printing should be done within the State ; providing for the working 
eight hours a day for the prisoners in County and City jails on the 
roads, streets and parks; making it a felony to practice third degree 
on persons charged with crime; permitting the probating of wills dur- 



[ X ARIZONA 



369 



ing the lifetime of the testator; submitting to a vote of the people an 
amendment to the present miners' lien law; prohibiting the sale of 
cigarettes, cigars and tobacco to minors under eighteen years of age ; 
creating the office of Public Defender in the various counties of the 
State; creating Bureau of Legislative Research. He also introduced 
a joint memorial to Congress urging the granting of independence to 
the Philippines, and a resolution for a constitutional amendment abol- 
ishing capital punishment. It will be observed from the character of 
the foregoing bills, that Senator Hughes works entirely on con- 
structive and reformatory lines. He is a citizen of much civic pride; 
has taken an active interest in the educational, moral and material 
welfare for many years of the Territory of Arizona, and now of the 
Commonwealth. His pride as a native son of Arizona excites his 
highest ambition for the present and future of his State. He believes 
that its future bids fair to outstrip all the States of the Union, in 
material prosperity and in the high and progressive character of its 
citizenship. As a mark of appreciation of his public service, he was 
unanimously elected honorary member of the Society of Arizona Pi- 
oneers, being the first native-born citizen thus honored. 



ALBINUS A. WORSLEY, Senator from Pima County, and attorney- 
at-law, is known as the "Champion of Labor and Labor Legislation," 
by the workingmen of Arizona, of whom he has always been a friend. 
When one of the unions anywhere in the State becomes involved in a 
law suit, Colonel Worsley is almost invariably called into consulta- 
tion. He has been uniformly successful in the practice of his pro- 
fession, and especially in cases where he represented labor, his policy 
being never to take a case into court if the grounds do not justify such 
action. There is not a man in the State who has more friends than 
Senator Worsley among the men forming the industrial army, whose 
esteem he has completely won. Senator Worsley was born in Racine 
County, Wisconsin, June 24, 1869. He is the son of Thomas G. 
Worsley, a direct descendant of Oliver Cromwell, who came from 
Lancashire, England, at the age of sixteen, and became a pioneer 
farmer of Wisconsin. Maria Shields, his mother, came from Queens 
County, Ireland, at the age of seven years. Senator Worsley was 
graduated from the Northern Indiana Law School in 1900, and was 
admitted to the bar of that State the same year. The next year he 
took a post-graduate course in the Chicago College of Law, was 
admitted to the bar in Illinois, and the following year went to 
Nebraska, was admitted to practice and followed his profession there 
until his coming to Arizona in 1904. He located in Tucson, which 
has since been his home. At the age of twenty-four Mr. Worsley 
was candidate on the Labor and Populist ticket for Governor of Wis- 
consin, while at the early age of nineteen he made a tour through the 
eastern States for the Chicago Single Tax Club, and even at that time 



370 



WHO S W H O 



was widely known as an orator. He helped organize the first Direct 
Legislation League in the United States, in St. Louis, in 1891.', and 
has ever since been one of its national organizers. At various times he 
has campaigned the States of Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, South Dakota 
and Nebraska, for such men as "Golden Rule" Jones, Pettigrew and 
Governor Altgeld, when the latter made his successful run for that 
office in Illinois. Mr. Worsley is author of "Corporation Rates in 
the National Corn Crib," which was published in 1896, and "The 
First Step in the National Progress, or Direct Legislation," which 
was published in 1899. Since boyhood Senator Worsley has been an 




Albinus A. Worsley 



advocate of the cause of labor, and to it he devotes particular effort in 
the Senate. He is Chairman of the Labor Commitee, and member 
of the Code, Finance, Judiciary, Public Lands, Rules and Style, 
Revision and Compilation Committees. In 1904 he was married to 
Miss Alice J. Major, also a native of Wisconsin. They have three 
children, Henry George Worsley, Paul Robert and Dorcas Maria. 
Mrs. Worsley comes from a family of scholars and educators. For 
several years prior to her marriage she was one of the principal 
teachers of the Northern Indiana Normal School, at Valparaiso, the 
largest school of its kind in the United States. 



[ N ARIZONA 



371 




Harry Johnson 

HARRY JOHNSON, Representative from Maricopa Count}', was 
born in Atlanta, Georgia, October 3, 1882, and spent most of his 
boyhood days on a plantation in North Georgia. He was partially 
educated in Tennessee, and taught school for one year in Alabama. 
He then entered Cumberland University, and while a student there 
took an active part in athletics and was member of both the football 
and baseball teams. He was also President of the Law Society, as 
high an honor as a student can attain to in the Law School, and 
member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity. Having been graduated 
from the University he took the examination and was admitted to 
practice before the Supreme Court of Tennessee. He then established 
a practice in Chattanooga, w T here he remained until his coming t 



372 WHO'S WHO 

Arizona, six years ago. Since his arrival in this State, in addition to 
the practice of his profession, he has been actively interested in politics 
and has made many friends, as shown by the returns when he was a 
candidate for the Legislature. At the primary his name w T as last in 
alphabetical order in a list of nine, and he advanced from ninth to 
second place. Mr. Johnson has the distinction of having made the 
first speech on the floor of the House in the First State Legislature, 
when, at the fall of the gavel, he secured the floor and placed in nom- 
ination for temporary speaker Andrew R. Lynch of Graham County. 
In the first session of the Legislature Mr. Johnson introduced a bill 
that exempts the producer of anything in Arizona from paying a 
license for the sale thereof in the State, which is now a law. In the 
special session Mr. Johnson served as Chairman of the Committee on 
Constitutional Amendments and Referendum, and as member of the 
following committees: Judiciary, Corporation, Militia and Public 
Defense, and Code Revision. 



HARTWELL HENDERSON LINNEY, Speaker of the House in the 
Special Session of the First State Legislature, is a native of Danville, 
Ky. He was graduated in 1902 from Centre College, Danville, and 
later from the Law Department of the Central University of Ken- 
tucky, was admitted to the bar in that state and has also been admit- 
ted to practice before the Supreme Court of Arizona. Mr. Linney is 
one of the ablest of the younger lawyers of the state and is engaged 
in general practice at Prescott. His acquaintance and practice 
throughout the state are both extensive, he has a strong, attractive 
personality and keen legal ability, and has established a splendid 
reputation for uprightness and integrity. He is vice president of the 
Northern Arizona Bar Association, is a progressive Democrat, be- 
lieving in good laws and good government, and in purity of politics. 
He is a strong advocate of the Good Roads Movement and a willing 
aid to all deserving plans for the upbuilding of the state or the ad- 
vertising of its resources and climatic conditions among the resi- 
dents of other states. He has, in fact, thoroughly identified himself 
with the people of Arizona, particularly with those of his own 
county, and the people of Yavapai showed their confidence in him 
and their high regard for him by their vote when he was candidate 
for representative to the First State Legislature. Mr. Linney is an 
enthusiastic worker in the Prescott Chamber of Commerce, a mem- 
ber of the Yavapai Club and of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He 
brought to the legislature a valuable experience, excellent education 
and exceptional energy, and in the first session served on some of the 
most important committees, while as Speaker he has amply proven 
his merit. Mr. Linney was married in August, 1911, to Miss Ethel 
Wood, of Greenville, 111., a graduate of the University of Illinois 
and a charming young woman who has become socially popular in 
Prescott and vicinity. 



[ N A R I Z O X A 



373 




Hartwell Henderson Linney 



374 W H O ' S W H O 

Louis H. CHALMERS, senior member of the firm _of Chalmers & 
Kent, one of the strongest in the foremost ranks of the legal profession 
in Arizona, is a descendant of a family of Scotch origin, who were 
among the early settlers of Virginia and South Carolina, three genera- 
tions preceeding Mr. Chalmers having been born in South Carolina. 
His grandfather early removed to Ohio, and was one of the pioneer 
merchants of Xenia until the Civil War, when he enlisted as Lieu- 
tenant of the Seventy-fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He died in 
Camp Chase in 1861. In the same year Louis H. Chalmers was 
born, in Jamestown, Ohio, of which town his mother was also a 
native. When Louis was but four years old his mother removed to 
Iowa, and he was educated in the public schools of that State, with 
the exception of the High School course, which he took in Jamestown, 
Ohio. For several years he was editor of a paper in Ohio, during 
which time he took up the study of law. In the fall of 1883 he 
entered the Cincinnati Law School as a senior, and was graduated 
LL. B. the next year. He immediately came west to practice his 
profession, and located in Phoenix, where he has since been success- 
fully engaged, and in addition to his private practice he has served as 
attorney for many of the important concerns of that section. He has 
also served as City Attorney several terms, and was one of Maricopa 
County's representatives in the 16th Legislature. During this 
session he was chairman of the Judiciary Committee and member of 
other important ones. Mr. Chalmers is a Democrat, an interested 
worker for his party, and has been Secretary of the County Central 
Committee. Socially, as professionally, he has many friends. The 
establishment of the firm of Chalmers & Kent has meant the associa- 
tion of two of the State's keenest attorneys, both of whom have 
attained distinction at the bar and in official life, men of special apti- 
tude for their chosen profession. Mr. Chalmers was married in 
Phoenix to Miss Laura E. Coates, a native of Iowa, and graduate of 
a Los Angeles Academy. 



EDWARD KENT, Chief Justice of the last Territorial Supreme Court, 
was born in Lynn, Mass., August 8, 1862. His father, Edward Kent, 
who was elected Governor of Maine in 1868, was mentioned in the 
famous political song written about that time, "Have You Heard the 
News from Maine?" His mother was formerly Miss Abby Rock- 
wood. Judge Kent was a student at Harvard, from which he was 
graduated in 1883 with an A. B. degree, and studied law at Columbia 
University, from which he was graduated LL. B. in 1887. In the 
latter year he was admitted to the Bar in the State of New York, and 
immediately engaged in the practice of his profession in New York 
City. In 1893 he became a member of the law firm of Butler, Still- 
man & Hubbard, of New York City, with whom he was associated 
until 1896. In 1897 he removed to Denver, where he lived for five 



IN A R I Z O X A 




376 



\V H O S WHO 



years. In 1900 he was candidate on the Republican ticket for mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives of Colorado, and served as As- 
sistant U. S. District Attorney of Colorado during 1901 and 1902. 
Judge Kent came to Arizona in 1902, the same year was chosen Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court of the Territory, and served until Ari- 
zona became a State. He is now a member of the firm of Kent & 
Chalmers, of Phoenix, well known attorneys. On September 14, 
1893, Judge Kent was married to Miss Edith Chadwick, of Balti- 
more, Maryland. 



GEORGE J. STOXEMAX, of the firm of Stoneman & Ling, of Phoe- 
nix, was born at Petersburg, Virginia, May 4, 1868. His early life, 
however, was spent in California, where the family had removed, and 
there he attended the public schools. He then attended the University 
of Michigan and was graduated from the Law Department in 1889. 
His first practice was conducted in Seattle, Washington, where he re- 
mained several years, during two of which he served as City Clerk. 
In 1894 he went to Honolulu, practiced a year there, and returning to 
the United States, came to Arizona, located in Globe and at once be- 
came closely identified with the interests of this section. His practice 
from the beginning was successful, he soon became legal representa- 
tive of two of the large mining companies of that district, interested in 
mining on his own account and prominent in political affairs. He was 
appointed to fill an unexpired term as District Attorney, and was 
elected to the same office at the election in November, 1900, on the 
Democratic ticket. While acting in this capacity he demonstrated 
his ability in a legal way and his aptitude for the administration of 
public affairs. He also served as Territorial Railway Commissioner 
and member of the Board of Law Examiners. Mr. Stoneman is the 
son of General George Stoneman, a man of exceptional attainments, 
undisputed honor and of high standing in the army. He received his 
military education at West Point and attained the rank of General 
during the Civil War, in which he fought in the cause of the Union. 
He was later in life placed on the retired list. In politics General 
Stoneman was equally distinguished, having been elected Governor of 
California in 1883, and his administration was a substantial evidence 
of his superior and well-directed judgment. He died in New York 
in 1894, having lived there several years previously. George J. 
Stoneman removed from Globe to Phoenix in 1911 and established 
the present partnership with Mr. Ling, and the firm of Stoneman & 
Ling is one of the leading ones in the profession in Maricopa County. 
Mr. Stoneman is actively connected with the Masons and Elks, and 
is a member of the Society of Cincinnati of Maryland. He is also 
a member of the Arizona Bar Association, of which he has served as 
President. He married Miss Julia S. Hamrn. 



IN ARIZONA 



377 




~. 

re 

CH 

03 

tB 



03 

ct> 



3 

or? 




178 



WHO S WHO 



REESE M. LING, Attorney-at-Law, Phoenix, member of the firm 
of Stoneman & Ling, was born in Holmes County, Ohio, May 16, 
1868. He is the only child of Martin and Mary Reese Ling, both 
natives of Ohio. His father was engaged in farming, and was one 
of the first to respond to Lincoln's call for volunteers, having served 
until Lee's surrender. He was wounded at the battle of Ball's 
Bluff, later captured and confined in Libby Prison eighteen months, 
where he contracted an illness that eventually resulted in his death 
at his Ohio home. Reese Ling attended the public schools, and at 
the early age of fourteen entered the State University at Columbus, 
which he attended for three years. In 1885 he came to Arizona, 
entered the Tempe Normal School, and was graduated in twenty-two 
weeks and qualified to teach in the public schools of the Territory. 
During his course of study at the Normal, however, he had been 
instructor in mathematics and Latin, and after his graduation began 
teaching at Prescott, was thus employed for two years, and in the 
meantime had taken up the study of law. He then entered the Law 
Department of the University of Michigan, from which he was 
graduated in 1890, valedictorian of a class numbering 280. He was 
admitted to practice in Michigan, but shortly afterw r ard returned to 
Prescott, and until recently, when he removed to Phoenix to enter 
into his present partnership, was known as one of the successful 
attorneys of that city, his practice extending over the entire northern 
part of Arizona. Mr. Ling soon became actively interested in poli- 
tics, for years has been a recognized force in the Democratic party, 
and an able party leader. He was twice elected District Attorney of 
Yavapai County, and served many years as City Attorney of Prescott. 
At the first State election he w T as candidate for United States Senator, 
but was defeated at the primaries. He is a member of the National 
Democratic Committee. Mr. Ling has also been largely interested 
in mining. He was a member of the Railroad Commission for three 
years, and fraternally is connected with the I. O. O. F., A. O .U. W., 
Elks and Knights of Pythias. He is married, his family consisting of 
a wife and three sons, one of whom is a practicing attorney at Clifton, 
Arizona, and another a law r student at the University of Southern 
California. 

ELIAS S. CLARK, attorney-at-law, is one of the most prominently 
known attorneys in the state. He w r as born June 17, 1862, in Knox 
County, Maine, and there was educated in the public schools. When 
quite young he came to Arizona, and studied law at Flagstaff, with 
Edward M. Doe as his preceptor, was admitted to practice and opened 
an office there. In 1897 he was elected District Attorney of Coconino 
County and served one term. Later he removed his office to Prescott 
and in 1903 he was elected District Attorney of Yavapai County, 
filled this position until 1905, and then was appointed Attorney Gen- 
eral of the Territory, and in this capacity served throughout Governor 
Kibbey's administration. In 1909, at the expiration of his term as 



IN ARIZONA 



379 




Elias S. Clark 



WHO'S WHO 



Attorney General, Mr. Clark resumed his private practice in Pres- 
cott, where he is now located. Mr. Clark is a member of the Masons 
and Elks. He was married in Leavenworth, Kansas, June 9, 1886, 
to Miss Ida Coffin. They have three sons, Neil C., Gordon and 
Homer. 

O. T. RICHEY, Assistant United States Attorney for Arizona, has 
proven by his continued success and gradual advancement in life that 
rich relatives and influential friends are by no means essentials to suc- 
cess, if one has ambition and is willing to do his part. Beginning as a 
"kid" to do odd jobs, such as selling papers, blacking shoes and run- 
ning errands, in Leadville, Colorado, when that town was in its 
palmy days, in the early eighties, he has always been on the outlook for 
opportunities. He ran away from home at the age of 15, going from 
Southeastern Kansas to Chicago, and began work on a delivery wagon. 
He was soon promoted to the position of clerk, and then to bookkeeper 
and accountant. He followed the mercantile business and expert ac- 
counting for several years, when he landed in the Manufacturers Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsburg, Kansas, as teller. Real estate, loans, insur- 
ance and other allied interests received his attention for a time, after 
which he became affiliated with the Swift Packing Company as man- 
ager of some of their eastern branches, and remained with them for 
several years. In 1898 he came to Arizona and engaged in the ice 
business at Tucson, also taking a fling at the cattle and general com- 
mission and brokerage business throughout the southern part of the 
state. Here for the first time he mixed in politics, and during the past 
fifteen years has held many political and other positions of trust. Here 
also he took up the study of law, w T as admitted to practice in the 
Supreme and Federal Courts, and in the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion his wide and comprehensive experience in almost every important 
line of business has afforded him a training which enables him to ably 
cope with the intricate problems constantly met by an attorney. This 
training and his strong characteristics have on many occasions been a 
powerful aid in the duties devolving upon him in the responsible posi- 
tions with which he has been honored. His untiring energy and un- 
swerving honesty of purpose have earned for him a reputation which 
resulted in his selection by Honorable George W. Wickersham, to his 
present position, Assistant United States Attorney for the state. He 
is a Progressive Taft Republican in politics. He is a 32nd Degree 
Mason, and has held high offices in Masonry, as w r ell as in the Elks, 
I. O. O. F., K. of P., and A. O. U. W. organizations, and is also a 
former member of the National Guard. Mr. Richer married Miss 
Bertha Marsh Judd, of Quebec, Canada, and to the union two child- 
ren, Alice H. and George J., have been born. From bootblack to the 
important position of Assistant United States Attorney is a long jump, 
but the many friends of O. T. Richey think he is still on the "spring 
board" of his career. 



IN ARIZONA 



381 




JOHN C. FOREST, Assistant United States District Attorney for 
Arizona, was born on a farm near Wausau, Wisconsin. His father, 
Peter N. Forest, was a sawmill man who cleared his land after the 
timber had been removed and established a farm in the midst of the 
wilderness. Mr. Forest was educated in the public schools of Wau- 
sau, and shortly after having been graduated from the high school, 
came to Arizona. He reached here in 1889, and engaged in teaching 
for some years in Yuma and Yavapai Counties, meanw r hile devoting 
his leisure time to the study of law. He completed the course in the 
office of the Honorable Henry D. Ross, member of the first Supreme 
Court of Arizona, was admitted to practice, and for the first year 
thereafter was associated with Judge Ross. Mr. Forest gradually 



WHO'S WHO 

built up a nice practice, and won recognition in the profession in the 
State. He served one term as Assistant District Attorney of Yavapai 
under Robert E. Morrison, and in February, 1910, Attorney General 
Wickersham appointed him Assistant to United States District Attor- 
ney Joseph E. Morrison. His associations in these positions have 
been of distinct political value in a professional way, and Mr. Forest 
has made the most of the opportunities presented. Mr. Forest is a 
Republican and a member of the B. P. O. E. He is Past Exalted 
Ruler of Lodge No. 330, at Prescott. Mr. Forest is married and has 
one son, John, Jr. At the expiration of his term of office, Mr. Forest 
expects to take up private practice of his profession in Phoenix. 



JOHN" W. TOMPSOX, Attorney at Law, was born in Scott County, 
Kentucky, January 21, 1861. He was educated in the public 
schools in his home county and at Georgetown College, studied law 
in the office of Judge Lafayette Davvson, of Maryville, Missouri, and 
w r as admitted to the bar in Atchinson County in October, 1885. 
Since then he has continuously been in the practice of his profession, 
until very recently in Missouri, as he located in Phoenix, Arizona, in 
the early fall of 1912. During his residence in Missouri Mr. 
Tompson attained much prominence in his profession, ranking among 
the able attorneys of the State and being well known in the various 
legal associations. His record in Arizona in a professional way is 
necessarily rather limited, but as a booster of the State, and of Phoenix 
especially, he has already established a reputation founded on fact. 
Having come here on a business trip a short time ago, Mr. Tompson 
was so strongly impressed in favor of Phoenix, its climate and general 
outlook, that he decided to make it his permanent residence, and, 
with Mrs. Tompson returned in a short time for this purpose. 
They have made their home at 1608 W. Monroe Street. Mr. 
Tompson has opened an office and during his short stay has been un- 
usually successful in becoming acquainted in the business world and 
establishing a practice. He is a Democrat and has held various 
positions of honor at his former home, having been Chairman of the 
County Central Committee, member of the State Committee, alternate 
delegate to the National Convention at St. Louis, and delegate to the 
State Convention for many years. He has also served as Probate 
Judge and Prosecuting Attorney, and served as Special Judge of 
Circuit Court on a number of occasions. In 1901 he was Chairman 
of the Democratic Congressional Convention at St. Joseph, Missouri, 
and lacked but one vote of securing the nomination for Congress at 
that Convention. Fraternally he is also well connected, being a mem- 
ber of the Masons, Elks, and Venerable Consul of the M. W. A. 
Mr. Tompson has two sons. Warren V. and George H. Tompson. 
His younger son, George H., is married and now a resident of Phoe- 
nix, where he is employed by The Phoenix Hardware Supply Com- 
pany. 



IX ARIZONA 



583 



NORMAN J. JOHNSON, County Attorney of Gila County, Arizona, 
is a Westerner by birth, having been born about eight miles from 
Idaho Springs, Colorado, in 1884, and has spent his entire life in the 
West. He was educated in the common schools of Colorado, was 
graduated from the Victor High School in 1903, and from the Uni- 




Norman J. Johnson 

versity of Missouri in 1907, at which time he came to Globe and was 
employed at the Miami mine as engineer until he had funds sufficient 
to start in the practice of law. He located in Globe on July 25, 
1908, and since that time has been in the practice of law in that city. 
He was elected County Attorney of Gila County on December 12, 
191 1, the only Republican elected in his county. 



PATRICK W. O'SULLIVAN, Attorney of Yavapai County, was 
until the advent of Statehood, junior partner in the firm of Ross & 
O'Sullivan, the senior member having been Honorable Henry D. 
Ross, now T Associate Judge of the Supreme Court of Arizona. Mr. 
O'Sullivan was born in De Pere, Wisconsin, May 23, 1867, and is 
the son of Michael and Ann Connolly O'Sullivan. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, Green Bay Business College, and the 



384 



WHO S WHO 



Chicago Athenaeum. He was engaged in school work for six years, 
four of which he served as principal of the Greenleaf public schools 
and the remaining two as principal of Wrightstown schools. His 
parents were early pioneers of southern Brown County, where they 
settled on a farm in 1866. Mr. O'Sullivan removed his family to 
Prescott in 1894, and the same year was appointed Clerk in the 
United States land office, Prescott, for a term of two years ; then 
Register of the same office two years ; was Assistant District Attorney 
of Yavapai County for the succeeding two years; City Attorney for 
the next two years, and in 1899 was again appointed Assistant Dis- 




Patrick W. O'Sullivan 



trict Attorney of Yavapai. In the fall of 1911 he was elected on 
the Democratic ticket County Attorney of Yavapai, the first to serve 
under the new State, at the same time that his partner, Judge Ross, 
was elected to the Supreme Court bench, and Mr. O'Sullivan has since 
continued practicing in his own name. Among the attorneys of the 
State he holds a foremost position for ability and thoroughness, and 
as County Attorney his conduct of the office has elicited only com- 
mendation from all concerned. Mr. O'Sullivan was married on 
November 27, 1889, in Brown County, Wisconsin, to Miss Mary A. 



] M ARIZONA 



Clark, also a native of that county. They have four daughters, 
Mrs. Andrew J. McKay, Margaret I., Ellen F. and Hazel O'Sulli- 
van, and one son, John Clark O'Sullivan. 





Albert M. Sames 



George W. Cass 



GEORGE W. CASS, attorney-at-law, was born in Coshocton, Ohio, 
in 1852. His father, Abner L. Cass, was a physician, and his mother 
was a descendant of Dr. Joseph Kerr, one of the noted pioneer min- 
isters of the Presbyterian faith in the vicinity of Pittsburg, Pa. The 
history of the Cass family in this country dates back to colonial times 
and Jonathan Cass, great grandfather of George W. Cass, was Major 
in a New Hampshire regiment during the Revolution. Lewis Cass, 
Democratic nominee for the Presidency of the United States, who was 
defeated through Van Buren's treachery, was his uncle. Another 
uncle, George W. Cass, was a prominent railroad man and president 
of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad before it was 
leased by the Pennsylvania, and was also first president of the Adams 
Express Company. Mr. Cass's father was State Senator in Ohio for 
many terms. Mr. Cass was graduated from Kenyon College and re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. and afterwards received the degree of A. 
M., and was later graduated from the Law Department of the Uni- 



386 



WHO S WHO 



versity of Michigan. He is a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, 
Phi Delta Phi, and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, the last named being 
composed entirely of honor men. Mr. Cass was admitted to the bar 
in Illinois and practiced his profession principally in corporation and 
real estate law, in Chicago from 1874 to 1902, when he disposed of 
his practice there to come to Arizona. He reached this state in 1903, 
and for some years devoted his attention exclusively to mining inter- 
ests, when he entered the legal field and he has now an ex- 
cellent practice along the same lines as practiced in Chicago, 
with mining law in addition. Mr. Cass is not actively interested in 
politics and refused to allow his name to be entered at the primary 
election as candidate for Superior Judge of Cochise County. Mr. 
Cass is a Presbyterian and was Trustee of the second oldest Presby- 
terian Church in Chicago, which is now the strongest one of that faith 
in the city. He was also a member of the Iroquois, University, Calu- 
met, Chicago Literary, and the 20th Century Club, the latter a club 
formed with a view to having lectures by the most prominent literary 
men of the day. Mrs. Cass was Miss Rebecca J. Osborne, whose 
parents are both natives of England. In Douglas, their home city, 
she is well known and popular in social and club circles, and is a 
woman of charming personality. They have two daughters, Mrs. 
Walter H. Petersen, wife of an attorney of Davenport, Iowa; and 
Mrs. Albert J. Hopkins, Jr., Chicago, whose husband is son of U. S. 
Senator Hopkins. 

ALBERT MORRIS SAMES was born at Rockford, Illinois, in 1873, 
and is the son of Peter Sames, then a prominent manufacturer of that 
city. He was educated in the public schools of Rockford, and is a 
graduate of the Law Schools of the University of Wisconsin and 
Columbian University, now George Washington University. At 
the latter university he received a post graduate degree. At college 
Mr. Sames was a member of the Delta Upsilon and Phi Delta Phi 
fraternities. In 1899 he came to Arizona from California, and 
for three years was connected with the firm of Edwards & McFar- 
land, attorneys for the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern Railway 
company. In 1902 he came to Douglas to assume an important 
position with the Townsite Company, two years later became promi- 
nent in city, county and state politics, and has since served efficiently 
in the office of City Clerk and Treasurer, as member of the Charter 
Board of Freeholders of Douglas, Assistant District Attorney of 
Cochise County, and Chairman of the Republican Territorial Cen- 
tral Committee. In 1906 he was appointed United States Com- 
missioner at Douglas, and has continued in this office up to the present 
time. Seven years ago Mr. Sames and Mr. George W. Cass 
associated themselves together in the practice of law at Douglas, 
where they have since maintained offices centrally located and have 
an extensive and successful general practice. Mr. Sames is known 



IN ARIZONA 



387 



is an excellent public speaker and is thoroughly conversant with 
public land law. He is actively interested in the institutions of his 
section, and is a member of the several Masonic orders, the Chamber 
of Commerce, Y. M. C. A., Country Club and B. P. O. E., in the 
latter being Past Exalted Ruler of Douglas Lodge. Mr. Sames 
resides with his mother, a lady of decided literary tastes, in their 
Douglas home, built by him in the earlier years of the city. He is 
identified with every movement for the advancement of the welfare 
of his adopted city, county and State, and his loyalty as an Arizonan 
is unexcelled. 

ANDREW RICHMOND LYNCH, one of Graham County's representa- 
tives in the First State Legislature, was born in Kentucky in 1870, 




Andrew Richmond Lym-h 

but has been brought up and educated in the West, as the family 
moved to Kansas when Mr. Lynch was but three years old. 
In 1907 and 1908 he was County Superintendent of Schools, 
and in 1910 was elected to the Constitutional Convention. The next 



WHO'S WHO 

year he was elected to his present office, and at the first session of the 
Legislature was an opponent of Mr. Bradner for the position of 
Speaker. During that session he served on some of the most im- 
portant committees, and he is now serving on the Judiciary, Corpora- 
tions, Style, Revision and Compilation, and Code Committees. Mr. 
Lynch w y as married in 1899 to Miss Jennie Youngclaus, and with 
their family, Clarence, Alma, Emma and Ruth, they make their home 
in Safford. 



JOHN W. MURPHY, member of the House of Representatives from 
Gila County, and attorney at law, is a comparatively recent arrival 
in Arizona, having come from the East but a few years ago to practice 
his profession in Globe. He soon succeeded in building up a practice 
and becoming well known in Gila County, and for a time was Assist- 
ant District Attorney. Prior to his election to the First State Legis- 
lature he has not been a candidate for political position in the State. 
In the regular session he was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, 
and at the special session was again appointed to this position, as well 
as member of the Code Revision and Counties and County Affairs 
Committees. 



FRANKLIN IVY Cox, attorney at law, was born at Belmont, Texas, 
December 5, 1856. His father, Ivy H. Cox, was a native of Virginia, 
and a minister of the M. E. Church. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Mary Jane Cook, was a native of Alabama. In 1868 the 
family moved to California and settled in San Diego, where his edu- 
cation was received mainly. Mr. Cox tells that his first business 
venture was in raising bees there, in association with J. S. Harbison, 
and looks back on the experience with considerable satisfaction. After 
studying law with Chase & Leach in San Diego, he came to Phoenix 
in 1879, where, two years later, he was admitted to the bar. In 1883 
he married Mrs. Annie Boyd, and they still make their home in Phoe- 
nix. Always a consistent Democrat, Mr. Cox served four consecutive 
terms as District Attorney of Maricopa County, being first elected in 
1884. He was also Judge Advocate General of Arizona during the 
administration of Governor B. J. Franklin. While Arizona was a 
territory he was often urged to run for Congress, and upon her ad- 
mission as a state, he was requested to become a candidate for United 
States Senator. He has declined all political honors for many years, 
however, and now devotes his entire time to the practice of his profes- 
sion and to the raising of cattle, in which he is interested. Mr. Cox 
is a Knight Templar and Shriner, being Past Potentate of El Zaribah 
1 emple of the Mystic Shrine, and is also a member of many social 
clubs, among them the Arizona, the California and the Jonathan 
Clubs, the latter two of Los Angeles. 



IN ARIZONA 



389 




Franklin Ivy Cox 



390 



WHO S WHO 



PAUL CHANEY THORNE, one of Arizona's able attorneys, and 
official reporter of the Supreme Court of the State, although a 
descendant of a distinguished Southern family, is a native of Wis- 
consin. He was born in Appleton, in November, 1874. His mother, 

Elizabeth Clark, was a 
member of the well- 
known Maryland family 
in Prince George Coun- 
ty, of that name, whose 
history is associated with 
the history of the State. 
Mr. Thome's father, 
Col. Gerrit T. Thorne, 
was a noted attorney in 
Wisconsin, and his uncle* 
Harlow S. Orton, was 
Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of Wiscon- 
sin. Mr. Thorne re- 
ceived his early educa- 
tion in the public schools 
of Wisconsin and Illi- 
nois. From 1896 to 
1899 he w r as private 
secretary to Chief Jus- 
tice Cassody, of Wiscon- 
sin, during which time 
he undertook and com- 
pleted the law course at 
the University of Wis- 
consin. In July of the 
latter year he removed 

to Salt Lake City, was admitted to practice in Utah, and followed 
his profession there for about two years. He then went to Cali- 
fornia, and for about one year practiced in Los Angeles, where he 
was married in 1902 to Miss Julia M. Quayle, of Stockton, Cali- 
fornia. They located in Tucson, but after a stay of several years 
returned to California. There he became Secretary of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Democratic State Central Committee in 1906, 
and made a notable record during the Bell campaign. In 1908, 
returning to Arizona, he located in Globe, and later in Phoenix, his 
present home. He has occupied his present position since Statehood. 
Mr. Thorne is a member of Globe Lodge No. 389, B. P. O. E., the 
Knights of Pythias, and Beta Gamma Chapter of Delta Tau Delta 
fraternity of the University of Wisconsin. He is also custodian of the 
State Law Library. 




N ARIZONA 



391 



WILLIAM M. PRYCE, superintendent of the Public Schools of Pima 
County, and assistant secretary of the Merchants Bank & Trust Co., 
has been a resident of Tucson since 1901. He is the son of William 
D. Pryce and Eleanor Jones Pryce, both natives of Pennsylvania, 
where they were married, but shortly moved westward and were 
numbered among the pioneers of the State of Iowa. The subject of 
our sketch was born in Red Oak, Iowa, July 20, 1875, and in that 





William M. Pryce 



state he received his education and spent the early years of his life. 
On coming to Tucson he accepted a position with the Arizona Bank 
& Trust Company, which he retained until 1905, when he became a 
member of the firm of Lee, Drachman & Pryce, real estate dealers, 
and in 1908 he was elected superintendent of the schools of the coun- 
ty. Since April, 1911, he has been assistant secretary of the Mer- 
chants Bank & Trust Company. Mr. Pryce is a Republican in poli- 
tics and a member of the Central Committee of that party. On 



392 



WHO S WHO 



April 18, 1906, he was married to Miss Bernice Cheyney, a native of 
Arizona, whose parents were residents of Tombstone in its early days. 
Mr. and Mrs. Pryce have three children, William M., Jr., aged five, 
Frances Eleanor, aged three, and Edith Ann. 



T. P. HOWARD, Superintendent of Schools of Gila County, was 
born in Carthage, Mo., December 31, 1869. After finishing the pub- 
lic school course at his home he attended the Collegiate Institute at 
Marionville, Mo., where he remained two years, and entered the Pre- 
paratory Department 
of Northwestern Uni- 
versity, from which he 
was graduated in 1893. 
In April of that year 
he left school for a 
time with several hun- 
dred other students, 
and acted as Colum- 
bian Guard at the 
World's Fair in Chi- 
cago, but in September 
re-entered the Univer- 
sity and finished the 
freshman work. The 
following summer he 
was offered a position 
in the Grammar 
Schools of his home 
town, which he accept- 
ed. He taught but one 
year, however, and in 
the fall of 1895 enter- 
ed the University of 
Missouri, where he 
completed the courses in Pedagogy and Military Science and Tactics, 
and was graduated with the degree of B. A. During his course at 
the University of Missouri he was among its most capable athletes 
and was captain of the football team. He was also member of the 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. He has been in Arizona since 
1904, and during his first five years here held a position in the offices 
of the Old Dominion Copper Mining & Smelting Company. He 
was elected to his present position in 1911, and under his supervision 
the schools of Gila County are gradually attaining the high standard 
of public schools in the much older communities of the East. Mr. 
Howard is a progressive man in school work, and one of the best 
qualified superintendents in the State. 




IN ARIZONA 



393 



JAMES ANDREW WOODS, Superintendent of Schools of Graham 
County, is one of the pioneer educators of Arizona. He was born in 
Iron County, Utah, in 1859, where his parents, James Tickner and 
Annie Chandler Woods, made their home for many years. His father 
was a baker and confectioner by trade, but adapted himself to condi- 
ditions on the frontier and worked as farmer, miner and stock raiser. 
Mr. Woods came to Arizona in 1876, at the age of 17, having finished 




James Andrew Woods 

the high school course in Utah. He spent a short time in the north- 
ern part of the state, then went to Prescott and passed a teachers' ex- 
amination. After this he had a school district laid out, secured an 
appropriation, and taught one of the first country schools in that dis- 
trict, which is now Winslow. He continued as teacher for eighteen 
years, and during his vacations was engaged in farming, stock raising 
and lumbering, making the best of existing conditions. He was elect- 
ed County Superintendent in the general election of 1908, but on the 
formation of Greenlee County from a portion of Graham County, 



394 \V H O ' S WHO 

under Territorial Law, owing to the classification of the County, the 
Probate Judge acted as Ex-Officio Superintendent of County Schools. 
At the death of Judge Thomas S. Bunch, how r ever, in May, 1911, 
Mr. Woods was appointed to fill both these positions, which he did 
with credit until February 14, 1912, when the state officials were 
sworn in. He has been greatly interested in the development of 
education within the state, and is now serving his third term as Super- 
intendent of Graham County Schools. He w T as recently offered a 
position with a salary nearly twice as great as that which he receives 
at present, but he refused to accept it until he shall have fulfilled the 
contract which he made with the voters of Graham County when they 
elected him Superintendent of their schools. Mr. Woods has also 
served as School Trustee, Mayor, and Justice of the Peace at Thatch- 
er, his home town. During his nine years as Justice but one case was 
appealed from his court, and in that his decision was confirmed by the 
District Court. Mr. Woods was united in marriage with Miss Lo- 
vina Brimhall, daughter of a well known farmer of Tempe, and to 
the marriage have been born twelve children, five sons and seven 
daughters, eleven of whom are living. He has also six grandsons and 
two granddaughters. He is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter Day Saints and is a High Priest in the Church. He was 
called on a mission to Mexico, but owing to the uprising there, did 
not fill it. Like many other old timers, Mr. Woods has seen service 
on Indian trails for the recovery of stolen animals and carrying mess- 
ages, and has many times narrowly escaped death at the hands of the 
Apaches during their raids, especially that of Geronimo. 



N. C. LAYTOX, Superintendent of Public Schools of Coconino 
County, is one of the most capable and well known educators of the 
State, and has been engaged in school \vork since 1895. He served 
one term as State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and in terri- 
torial days was County Superintendent for eight years. A pioneer 
in school work here, he has done much for the advancement of the 
public schools, has always been actively interested in educational 
meetings, a close student of methods, and his work has constantly 
shown the results of his progressive tendencies. Mr. Layton was 
born at Lafayette, Ind., where he w r as also reared. He was edu- 
cated at public and private schools, but his education has been greatly 
amplified by years of reading and study. A man of pleasing person- 
ality and widely known, he is popular throughout the State, and is a 
strong factor in the Republican party, of which he is a staunch sup- 
porter. He came to Arizona in 1883 and before getting into school 
w r ork was employed as shipping clerk by some of the large lumber 
companies. 



IN ARIZONA 



395 




H. H. Donkersley 



H. H. DONKERSLEY, Major Second Battalion, N. G. A., was born 
February 1.5, 1864, in Marquette, Michigan, where his father, Cor- 
nelius Donkersley, was Superintendent of the M. H. & O. Railroad. 
The family later removed to Appleton, Wisconsin, and after com- 
pleting the public school course, Major Donkersley attended and was 
graduated from Lawrence University. He first came to Arizona in 
1880, and with the exception of three of the intervening years, spent 
in Colorado, has since been a resident of this State, most of the time in 
Yuma County. Having served in the National Guard in Wisconsin, 
Major Donkersley naturally drifted into the service in Arizona, and 
in 1901 enlisted in Company "H" as private, and has gradually ad- 
vanced in the service until he attained to his present position of Major 
and member of the General Staff. Prior to 1900 he followed freight- 
ing, trucking and teaming as a regular occupation, and during that 
year formed a partnership, of which he is still a member, to cover 
livery, rock crushers and allied interests. During his residence here 
Major Donkersley has been active in political affairs, and has served 



396 



W H O S WHO 



as Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of Yuma County and three 
terms as member of Yuma Council. Fraternally he is connected with 
the Elks, Knights of Pythias and Alianza Hispano- Americana; with 
the Odd Fellows, of which he is Past Grand, and the Eagles, of which 
he is Past Worthy President. Major Donkersley v as married in 
1902, in Maricopa County, to Miss Ida M. Crane. They have three 
sons, Raymond B., Harry H. and Lee C. 




Phil C. Brannen 



PHIL C. BRANNEN, Tucson's leading dealer in men's clothing and 
furnishings, is one of the most prominent and popular men in the 
State, having been associated with the business interests of a number 
of the largest towns. Mr. Brannen was born in the Province of 
Ontario, Canada, in 1864, but as the family removed to Champaign, 
Illinois, when he was but seven years old, he has been brought up and 
educated in the United States. He attended the public schools and 
took a complete business course at Quincy, Illinois, came west at the 
age of twenty-two, and was first employed in a clerical position. 
After a time he proceeded to Phoenix, where he was similarly em- 



I N A R I Z O N A 397 

ployed for five years, and then came to Tucson to take a position with 
its leading merchants, L. Zeckendorf & Co. After having been in 
charge of their clothing department for four years, he engaged in 
partnership with Vic Hanny, under the firm name of Brannen & 
Hanny, which was the beginning of the present substantial and success- 
ful business now conducted solely by Mr. Brannen, as he bought out 
Mr. Hanny 's interests in the firm two years ago, since when the latter 
has devoted his attention to his similar business in Phoenix. In addi- 
tion to his mercantile business, Mr. Brannen is actively interested in 
various enterprises in cattle, mining and banking. He is a director 
in the Gila Land & Cattle Company, which has large holdings in the 
State ; and in the corporation which has developed the Twin Buttes 
Mine. He is also a stockholder in the Consolidated National Bank, 
and in the Merchants Bank & Trust Company, of Tucson. Politic- 
ally Mr. Brannen is a Democrat, but not actively interested in party 
affairs, and has never held an official position at their hands, although 
he has on several occasions been urged to allow his name to be used as 
a candidate. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus, Elks, 
Eagles, A. O. U. W. and Moose, and in the latter order one of the 
Board of Trustees, and has been an officer in the Knights of Columbus. 
On January 6, 1897, Mr. Brannen was married to Miss Elizabeth 
Barry, at Chicago, Illinois, and to them have been born three children, 
Dorothv, Phillis and Barrv. 



ARTHUR GIBBONS HULETT, Secretary of the Arizona State 
Board of Pharmacy, is by means of his thoroughly grounded knowl- 
edge of pharmacy and chemistry, eminently qualified to pass upon 
the eligibility of applicants before the Board. Mr. Hulett was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native town, Bloomfield, Iowa, 
where he was graduated from the High School. In 1885 he entered 
the employ of Mitchell Brothers, leading pharmacists of Bloomfield, 
as an apprentice, and served two years in that capacity. During this 
time he received no salary, but he did receive an invaluable knowl- 
edge of, and insight into, practical pharmaceutical work, which 
formed the foundation for his later success. This was supplemented 
by a private course in chemistry under Professor John Grinslead. 
Having been registered as a pharmacist in Iowa, Mr. Hulett went into 
business for himself in 1895 at Red Oak, where he remained until 
January 1, 1900, then came to Arizona. He located in Phoenix and 
became junior member of the firm of Elvey & Hulett, of which he is 
also manager. Mr. Hulett has been a member of the Board of Phar- 
macy since its organization in 1903, having been appointed a mem- 
ber of the Territorial Board by Governor Brodie, and at the first 
meeting of the newly appointed Board was elected Secretary, which 
position he has since held. Mr. Hulett is a descendant of Thomas 
Barber, one of the original settlers of Hartford, Conn., who was 



398 



\V H O S WHO 




Arthur Gibbons Hulett 

born in England in 1614. He is Eminent Commander of Phoenix 
Commandery No. 3, and has the distinction of having knighted the 
first Knight Templar, C. S. Gilbert, in the new State of Arizona, on 
February 19, 1912. He is also a member of the Grand Commandery 
of Arizona, and prominently connected with the City Club of 
Phoenix. On December 25, 1897, Mr. Hulett was married to Miss 
Martha Cook, who is recognized as a musician of ability in Phoenix, 
and is Chairman of the Music Department of the Woman's Club. 
Their family consists of two daughters, Eleanor F. and Mary J., and 
one son, Arthur G., Jr. 



EUGENE GRIMES, better known as Jack Tyler, owing to the fact 
that he was reared by his grandparents whose name was Tyler, is 
president of the Tyler Sheep Company, being associated with George 
Babbitt and Leo Verkamp, each holding an equal share. Mr. 
Grimes has charge of the flocks and is considered one of the authorities 
of the state in the question of sheep and their value. Born in Kan- 
kakee, 111., in 1871, he spent his early childhood in that state with 
his grandparents, when he came west, coming to Arizona in 1905, by 
\vay of California, where he worked as steam engineer. After work- 
ing two years for John Hennessy, now a member of the Sheep Sani- 



IN ARIZONA 



399 



tary Board, Mr. Grimes became associated with the Babbitt Brothers 
and Leo Verkamp in the Tyler Sheep Company, which ow y ns several 
of the finest flocks in the state, and some of the best animals. This 
company is noted throughout the west as a firm which imports only 
the best animals obtainable and the products of their flocks are found 
throughout the state, and in this manner the general grade of the 
sheep of the state is being improved. 

Mr. Grimes married Miss Emma Ray of Colorado in 1904, and 
to the union have been born three children, Lloyd Eugene, Gordon 
and Cecil. 



AUSTIN WINFIELD MORRILL, Entomologist and Author, Terri- 
torial and State Entomologist since 1909, is a native of ?vlassachusetts 
and was born in Tewksbury, September 11, 1880. He is the son of 
James and Elvira Webster Morrill. His early training was in the 
public schools of his native town and in 1896 he entered the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College. In 1900 he received the degree of 
B. S. from this institution, also from Boston University. For fur- 
ther preparation in his chosen profession Mr. Morrill devoted the 
next three years to study and research in entomology, zoology and 
botany, completing his thesis and receiving the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy in June, 1903, from the graduate department of the 
Massachusetts Agricultural College. He was immediately appointed 
a field agent of the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, and continued in the government service for a little 
over six years. For three years he was stationed in Texas and 
traveled extensively through Mexico and the southern states in con- 
nection w r ith investigations of the Mexican cotton boll w^eevil and 
other cotton pests. In July, 1906, he was placel in charge of citrus 
white fly investigations and established the government laboratory 
at Orlando, Florida. He resigned from the government service in 
August, 1909, to accept the position of Entomologist of the Arizona 
Horticultural Commission and Entomologist of the Arizona Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station. He is the originator and holder of let- 
ters patent ("Dedicated to the public," no rights reserved), on a 
simplified system of fumigating citrus trees. This system, known 
as the "Graduated tent system," was first employed in Florida and 
is now generally used in California for the control of citrus pests. 
Mr. Morrill is the author of numerous government and state bulle- 
tins and reports and articles in scientific journals upon original in- 
vestigations in entomological subjects. He has also contributed ex- 
tensively to agricultural and horticultural papers, being associate 
editor of the Southwestern Stockman (Phoenix) and of the Progress- 
ive Farmer and Home Builder (Phoenix). He is a fellow in the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, active mem- 
ber of the Association of Economic Entomologists, Entomological 



400 



WHO S WHO 




Austin Winfleld Morrill 



Society of America and Association of Horticultural Inspectors. He 
is a Royal Arch Mason and a member of the Phi Sigma Kappa fra- 
ternity. Mr. Morrill was married April 29, 1908, to Florence Mc- 
Cormick of Dallas, Texas, a daughter of Judge A. P. McCormick of 
the United States Circuit Court of Appeals. 



JOSEPH B. PATTERSON, wool grower, merchant and capitalist, is 
one of the pioneer merchants of Northern Arizona, having opened a 
store in St. Johns, Apache County, more than thirty years ago. After 
having been in business but a short time his store was destroyed by 
fire and he was a heavy loser, but was not dismayed, and his career 
was by no means checked by the accident. Mr. Patterson was born 
in England in 1853, and came with his parents to America in the 
early sixties, and located in Mercer County, Pa. Here he received a 
public school education, and afterwards went west and in Idaho, Ne- 
vada, Utah and Montana he followed the life of miner and prospec- 
tor. Later he was for some time interested in the lumber business in 
the western part of New Mexico. On coming to Arizona in 1880 he 
decided to locate permanently here, and has always taken a prominent 
part in civic, political and social affairs in his vicinity, while in the 
business world he is considered one of the most stable and prosperous 



[ N ARIZONA 



401 



in the state. He is one of the large stockholders of the Arizona Co- 
operative Mercantile Institution, whose capitalization was recently 
increased after a long term of years of success and which is now one 
of the strongest and most prosperous corporations in the state. Mr. 
Patterson is also a large stockholder in the St. Johns Drug Company. 
In 1893 he returned to his birthplace and spent almost two years in 
Great Britain and France, and shortly after his return was elected to 
the Assembly of the 19th Legislature, in which his record was that 
of a conservative, careful man, especially attentive in matters involv- 
ing added expense to the communtiy. He is a member of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and in hearty sympathy with all 
movements of general interest. He was married at St. Johns in 
1881, to Miss Emma Richey, and they have seven children. 




John William Arnold 



JOHN WILLIAM ARNOLD was born February 26,- 1875, at Burlin- 
game, Kansas, spent the early years of his life on his father's farm, 
and attended the public schools of the vicinity. He then attended 
and was graduated from the High School of Burlingame, and in 



402 



WHO S WHO 



1894 began a business course at Sedalia, Mo. In 1896, having com- 
pleted the course, he was graduated with the second highest average 
in a large class. In August of the same year he accepted a position 
at Mineola, Kan., with the C. R. I. & P. Railway as station helper, 
which w T as his first railroad experience. He afterward worked for 
the same Company in various capacities and at different stations in 
Oklahoma and Kansas. In 1904 he first came to Arizona. Here 
his first position was as camp foreman with railroad contractors, and 
in June of the next year he entered the employ of what is now the 
Globe division of the Arizona Eastern Railroad Company as Agent 
at Solomonville, where he remained until 1909. His next position 
was as Agent at Tempe, and in January, 1911, he was transferred to 
the position of Freight Agent at Phoenix. Mr. Arnold was married 
on Christmas, 1896. Mrs. Arnold was born near London, England, 
where her family were interested in coal mining for many years. 
Immediately upon becoming located in Phoenix they purchased their 
present home, deciding to make that city their permanent residence. 
They have two children, Harriet Leone and Sarah Jewel. Mr. 
Arnold is a member of the K. of P. and Woodmen of America, in the 
latter being Consul of Phoenix Camp, and was delegate to the Na- 
tional Convention held in Buffalo in June, 1911, and to the special 
session held in Chicago, January, 1912. 




ROY & TITCOMB (INC.) 

Exporters and Jobbers of Machinery, Heavy Hardware and Lumber, 

Nogales, Arizona 



IN ARIZONA 



403 




Colonel Fred H. Bowler 



404 



WHO S WHO 



By Robert Berg. 

COLONEL FRED H. BOWLER is one of the historic Western men 
whose varied career goes to make up the romance of the winning of 
the West. Always playing a prominent part in mining and in public 
life he has won and lost several fortunes, but through it all has re- 
tained that optimism that is characteristic of the sturdy pioneers that 
have reclaimed and built the western empire. Col. Bowler was 
born in Collinsville, Illinois, April 18, 1859. His father was John 
Westley Bowler, who came to Arizona when the Colonel was only 
one year old. His mother was Edith Elmira Stanton, the niece of 
Edwin S. Stanton, Secretary of War during Lincoln's administration. 
In 1873 Colonel Bowler's father moved to California, where he 
engaged in the stock business and at one time was a partner of J. B. 
Haggin. His son was educated in the schools of California. Young 
Fred learned the trade of machinist but soon the fascination of mining 
ensnared him and in 1885 he began his career as a miner with the 
Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company in Arizona. From 
this point he went to Shasta County, California, where he made a 
fortune in mining but lost it in the panic of 1893. Undaunted by 
this reversal of fortune he again engaged in mining but more as a 
scholar, traveling on the European continent, in Washington, British 
Columbia, Mexico, South America, South Africa and Siberia. In 
every one of these places he studied mining conditions and methods 
and upon his return to his native country he studied chemistry, sur- 
veying and metallurgy, thus gaining a complete and practical knowl- 
edge of mining. In 1905 he went to Nevada and engaged in mining 
and engineering projects, among other things building the water 
works system in Tonopah and Bullfrog. He subsequently went to 
Searchlight and made another fortune w r hich was swept away in the 
panic of 1907. From there he went to Nevada again and was placed 
in charge of the Tonopah Liberty and later assumed charge of some 
mining property in Shasta County, California, as Deputy United 
States Marshal. He came to Arizona in 1912, where he assumed 
charge of the Calzona Mines. For some years he was in charge of 
the Batapilas Mines in Mexico, one of the gigantic projects of that 
country. Col. Bowler has also played a prominent part in Western 
public life, particularly along the frontier where men of judgment 
and courage were needed. In many of the communities where he 
resided he was held in such high esteem by his fellowmen that he was 
repeatedly made the Sheriff, Deputy Sheriff and Deputy Marshal. 
He served two terms in the California Legislature and was tendered 
the nomination for member of the assembly in this State, but was 
compelled to decline on account of business and personal matters. 
Colonel Bowler gained his military title at the battle of San Juan 
Hill when he served in the volunteer army. 



IN ARIZONA 



405 




40ti WHO'S \v 



BABBITT BROTHERS, General Merchants Thirty years ago, before 
the old Atlantic & Pacific Railway joined by its rails of steel, the 
elite East with the then frontier West, David and William Babbitt, 
with true pioneer spirit, braved the hardships of the almost unknown 
Arizona and settling in view of the grand old San Francisco Peaks, at 
the point no\v known as Flagstaff, they purchased a small bunch of 
cattle and later established a small merchandise business, which has 
since grown to the proportions of the largest department store in 
Northern Arizona. By fair dealing they quickly won the confidence 
of the early settlers, and this reputation firmly established, has been 
the basis of their continued success. From a frontier trading post has 
grown the present modern department store, which keeping pace with 
the trend of modern merchandising, now occupies the space of a city 
block, and is equipped with a complete cold storage and electric light- 
ing plant, an ice making plant, and several fireproof warehouses. 
Recent additions to this business consist of a thoroughly modern pack- 
ing plant and fireproof abbatoir, all equipped with the latest improved 
machinery. Those by-products which in the early days of range 
slaughtering were considered mere waste, are now being manufactured 
into fertilizers and other profitable products. A recent departure has 
been the construction of a modern, well equipped garage, where high 
grade motor cars are on sale. Babbitt Brothers now purchase from 
the markets of the East and West all staple goods in carload lots. 
From this small beginning has developed a chain of stores, commis- 
saries and Indian trading posts, eight in all, doing business all 
through northern Arizona, and their influence is to be noted in 
almost every town along the Santa Fe. Visitors are invariably 
surprised at the choice and varied stock on display in this modern 
store, where there may constantly be found on hand the largest as- 
sortment of genuine Navajo blankets and silverwork in the southwest. 
With three trading posts in the Indian country, and through direct 
trading with the Indians, this concern is able to supply the trade in 
any quantity, with genuine Indian wares of all kinds. One of the 
largest exhibits of ancient pottery, war hammers, and relics of the 
ancient tribes is on display and is always an attraction to visitors. 
Four of the Babbitt Brothers, David, Charles, George and William, 
are now included in this co-partnership. They also own great 
stretches of range country and are heavily interested in cattle, horses 
and sheep. They all occupy prominent parts in the civic, political and 
social life of Arizona, and are particularly interested in the advance- 
ment of the education of the youth of Arizona. Always alive to op- 
portunities, quick to decide, with keen foresight into the future, their 
success has been attained through many trials and severe tests. The 
name of Babbitt has long been a factor in the development of Arizona, 
and these men have always been foremost in aiding any project that 
promised an opportunity for the good of their locality. 



IN ARIZONA 



407 




408 W H O ' S W H O 

FRED TUTTLE COLTER, widely known and generally recognized as 
one of Arizona's most enterprising and public spirited men, is the son 
of James H. G. and Rosa Rudd Colter, and a native of this State, 
having been born at Neutrioso, February 2, 1879. Living on one of 
the finest and most thoroughly equipped ranches in Arizona, he is 
known throughout the State as a stock raiser, and considered an au- 
thority on matters pertaining to this business, a reputation which is 
truly merited, for Mr. Colter's knowledge of the subject has been a 
part of his lifelong education. His father was extensively interested 
in cattle raising, and in 1880 moved to Alma, New Mexico, where he 
had a large range. This was, however, situated on an Indian trail 
leading from the Apache Reservation to Mexico, and the Indians 
killed most of the stock ard many of the settlers. In 1883, after a 
three days fight in which 27 white men were combatting 300 Indians 
led by Geronimo, his father sold out and moved to Newton, Kansas, 
where he again engaged in live stock and farming. In 1888 he re- 
turned to Arizona, and located at Springerville, which then became 
the permanent home of the family. Mr. Colter's tendency toward 
independence and unusual energy which have been among his most 
marked characteristics in later life asserted themselves when he was 
quite a small boy, as at the age of twelve years he started out to work 
for himself before and after school hours and during vacation periods 
to pay his way through school, and his surplus earnings, even at that 
time, were invested in cattle. His public school course having been 
completed, in 1899-1900 he took a business course in Pueblo, 
Colorado, and this is the only actual lapse in his career as stockman 
from early boyhood. Returning to Arizona in 1900, he engaged in 
the stoc 1 : business in a larger way, and has since continued to add to 
his stock of cattle, horses and sheep, until his business may now be 
ranked among the leading ones of Arizona. While gradually increas- 
ing the range of his personal business, at this time he accepted a posi- 
tion as manager for a cattle outfit owned by Mr. W. H. Phelps, who 
had the utmost confidence in his ability and integrity, as he had pre- 
viously been employed by Mr. Phelps in a different capacity, and to 
him Mr. Colter feels that he is indebted in many ways. In addition 
to the live stock business, Mr. Colter is a large dealer in land and a 
well known developer of the same. In 1905 he made some invest- 
ments in land and commenced reclaiming other land by taking out 
ditches and building reservoirs, of which he has built six. He is now 
prominently identified with various construction and reservoir com- 
pa"ie throughout the State, being Pre-ident of the Colter Construc- 
tion Company and of the America^ Valley Reservoir Company, and 
Director of the Lyman Re-ervoir Company. He is also President of 
the Colter-Tyler Live~toc'r Company. Pesides the demands made on 
his time and energy by his business affiliations, Mr. Colter has served 
.in. va"iou^ political capac:t;e\ In 1904 he was Democratic nominee 



IN ARIZONA 



409 




Fred Tut tie Colter 



410 



WHO S W H O 



for Supervisor in Apache, a strongly Republican county, and was de- 
feated by but 15 votes; while in 1906 he was elected for the long 
term, and served as Supervisor until February 14, 1912, when Arizona 
became a State. He was elected delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention and was made Chairman of the Committee on Mode of 
Amending Schedule and Miscellaneous. In March, 1912, Governor 
Hunt appointed Mr. Colter a member of the State Sanitary Sheep 
Commission. He is also a member of the Executive Committee from 
Apache County of the Democratic State Central Committee. He 
is now serving his second term as Vice President of the Arizona Cattle 
Growlers' Association. He is also one of the Committee on Forest 
Reserves and Public Grazing of the American National Live Stock 
Association, and a long time member of the Elks Lodge, he is at 
present one of the Executive Committee of the same. Mr. Colter was 
married November 11, 1904, to Miss Duge Phelps, who is well 
known and popular in the social life of both Arizona and California. 




Benjamin B. Crosby 

BENJAMIN B. CROSBY, General Grading Contractor, Cattleman 
and Wool Grower, is known throughout the State as a man who has 
handled all kinds of contracts during the past twelve years and has 
done much work for the Santa Fe Railroad. Mr. Crosby was edu- 
cated mainly in the school of experience, and he has taken a post 
graduate course. He has one of the finest ranches in the State at 



IN ARIZONA 



411 



Eagar, where his family make their home. He with A. H. Pratt has 
some of the finest cattle in Arizona, having shipped in a carload of the 
best Durhams obtainable two years ago, which formed the nucleus 
of one of the finest herds in the northern part of the state. Mr. 
Crosby's two brothers, Jesse C. and George H., Jr., are both attorneys 
of large counties, and he declares they attend to the political end 
of the business, and despite the urging of his friends has refused po- 
litical office at all times, preferring to give his attention to his many 
interests. 

C. A. CLARK & Co. One of the largest and best known mercan- 
tile establishments in Arizona is that of C. A. Clark & Co., General 
Outfitters to Men, of Flagstaff. From a small beginning and modest 
capital the company has by fair dealing and honest values built up a 

trade w 7 hich compares well with 

that of the largest in the state. 
Both of the members of the firm, 
C. A. and John M. Clark, have 
had a wide variety of experience in 
all lines, and both have large ac- 
quaintance among the men promi- 
nent in the affairs of Arizona. The 
firm not only carries a complete 
line, but it is selected with an idea 
of pleasing all classes of trade, and 
at reasonable prices. 

JOHN MILTON CLARK is best 
known for the part he took in 
quelling tw r o outbreaks at the 
Yuma penitentiary while he was 
an official of that institution. He 
served under five governors and 
five superintendents. Mr. Clark's 
reputation was such that United 
States Marshal Daniels, after his 
appointment, selected him as an 
office deputy. He has served his 
apprenticeship in the saddle as cow 
puncher and sheepman, and has 
been interested in all other kinds of work. As manager of C. A. 
Clark & Co. he has shown his ability as a merchant. While 
without political aspirations, he has been prominent in the 
affairs of the Republican party, wields a large influence, and 
although refusing office, has been chairman of the county cen- 
tral committee of the G. O. P. J. M. Clark married Miss 
Agnes Martin, daughter of George Martin, of Tucson, who 
played a prominent part in the creating of the state out of the prairie 




412 WHO'S WHO 

wilderness. Mr. Martin was one of the earliest pioneers and was 
active in the earliest struggles of the settlers about Yuma., Tucson, 
Prescott and other pioneer towns of the state. George Martin helped 
to welcome the first governor to Arizona. Mrs. Clark's grandfather, 
Stephen Rodondo, was a member of the first territorial legislature of 
Arizona. 

C. A. CLARK, senior member of the firm, is well known as a 
sheepman, and has recently turned the mercantile business over to 
his brother while he devotes his time to his flocks. He, like his brother, 
is a self-made man, and has had a variety of experience. He started 
business as delivery boy and clerk in the employ of Babbitt Bros. An- 
other family resemblance is his lack of political aspirations, but he 
has through civic pride served a term as member of the city council 
of Flagstaff. 

That "blood will tell" is proven in the case of the members of 
this firm. Their mother, Rosaline, is today one of the best known 
fraternal leaders in the state, and has held the highest office in the 
Eastern Star lodge of Arizona, and is also prominent as a Rebekah 
having been a delegate to the state conventions in both orders. She 
is a direct descendant of a well known pioneer family of Maine and 
among her direct relatives have been prominent attorneys, jurists and 
public men, including Bartlett Tripp, a minister to Europe, who was 
appointed by President Cleveland. 



OLIVER E. COMSTOCK, Justice of the Peace in Tucson, now serving 
his second term in that office, and minister and missionary in the Bap- 
tist Church, has had a varied and interesting career, having lived in 
several states and followed various occupations. His family have 
been in America two hundred years, and his ancestors were promi- 
nent in both the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, his- great-grand-uncle 
General Comstock, having served in the Revolutionary War. He is 
the son of Oliver L. Comstock, a manufacturer of New Albany, 
Indiana, and was born in that city December 28, 1854. He first 
attended the public schools and then the Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, at Louisville, where he became a regularly ordained min- 
ister, and he was pastor of Furnace Hill Baptist Church at Sheffield 
for twenty years. He also learned printing, engaged in the trade for 
several years in Kentucky and Alabama, and for a number of years 
was publisher of the "Sheffield Reaper," but he sold out his interest in 
this business to act as City Clerk, which position he held about two 
years prior to his coming to Tucson. In Arizona he was employed as 
printer for some time, until he became a member of the Smith-Com- 
stock Printing Company, a well known firm in the southern part of 
the ?tate, of which he was one of the organizers. He has been a 
member of the Typographical Union for more than twenty years, and 
always active in anv movement that will tend towards its benefit. He 



IN ARIZONA 



413 




Oliver E. Comstock 

is a member of a number of societies, among them being the Masons 
in which he has attained the highest degree, also the Odd Fellows, 
Sovereign Camp of Woodmen of the World, Redmen and Knights of 
Honor, and was one of the original members of the Improved Order 
of Heptasophs, only five of whom are living. He has held positions 
of the highest honor in all of these societies. Mr. Comstock was 
married in Louisville, Ky., his wife having been Miss Jennie F. Mc- 
Clelland of that state, and with their family of nine children they have 
made their permanent home in Tucson. 



THE DOUBLE CIRCLE CATTLE COMPANY, Clifton, of which A. 
Drumm is president, E. W. Houx, vice president, and M. L. Mc- 
Clure, secretary and treasurer, are the occupants of a ranch which was 
located more than thirty years ago when the Indians were very trouble- 
some. The first owner of the double circle brand was Joe Hampton, 
and later his brother, John Hampton, became a partner in the busi- 
ness and continued to handle the double circle cattle until four years 
ago, when the Hamptons sold a half interest in the brand to Mr. 
Drumm, of Kansas City, Mo., and A. T. Wilson, of Clifton, and the 
Double Circle Cattle Company was organized. The Hamptons have 
since sold their entire remaining interest to Mr. Drumm. This ranch 
has always been noted for the excellent breed of its animals and has 
always bought the best white face and Durham bulls. At the present 
time the Company has on the ranch about 15,000 head of cattle, and 
are now branding about 4,500 calves. 



414 



W H S W 



O 




William W. Brookner 

WILLIAM W. BROOKNER, of the firm of W. W. Brookner & Co., 
of Globe, was born in Dixon, Illinois, in 1860, where he was educated 
in the public schools, received a thoroughly good commercial educa- 
tion, and lived until his twentieth year. He received an excellent 
home training, early displayed habits of thrift and industry, and his 
discerning mind saw in the far west opportunities which did not exist 
in Illinois. Rumors which emanated from the silver district of Globe 
reached him and in 1881 he came to Arizona, located in Globe and 
worked at whatever happened in his way. His chief stock in trade 
w r as a firm determination to succeed, and realizing that this, together 
with the substantial characteristics of thrift and industry, formed the 
sole basis of his fight for success, one is willing to concede that Mr. 
Brookner is, indeed, entitled to all the credit which his fellowmen 
readily accord him. The well conducted mercantile establishment over 
which Mr. Brookner presides, and which under his capable supervis- 
ion has developed into one of the best of its kind, was organized in 
1899, since when it has experienced a continually increasing prosper- 



IN ARIZONA 



415 



ity. Their stock is well chosen and complete and at all times meets 
the varied demands made upon it by the people of that vicinity. Mr. 
Brookner is also a member of the firm of Brookner & Neff, San 
Carlos. Prior to the incorporation of the Globe store he participated 
in the organization of the Old Dominion Commercial Company, and 
acted as manager of the same. He has always been a staunch Demo- 
crat, and served two terms as Treasurer of Gila County. He has 
long been a member of the B. P. O. E. Mr. Brookner was married 
in Globe in 1884 to Miss Sarah Glenn, a native of Canada. 



WM. L. BURT, though one of the comparatively recent arrivals 
in Arizona, has already been recognized as one of the leaders in in- 
surance and financial circles of this state. He was born in Owensby, 
Ky., thirty years ago. His father is Col. D. H. Burt, one of the noted 
_ veterans of the Civil War. His 

mother was Miss S. J. Mason. 
He married Miss Elsie Miller, 
one of the descendants of the 
Millers of Arkansas, one of the 
oldest and best known families 
of the south. Mr. Burt is a 
law graduate trom the Univer- 
sity of Arkansas and from 
Harvard University. After 
his graduation he practiced 
law in Arkansas and was the 
law partner of U. S. Bratton, 
one of the leading men of his 
state who is now the post- 
master in Little Rock, Ark. 
Mr. Burt came west four 
years ago and entered the 
banking business in Los An- 
Angeles, organizing the Oil 
and Metals Bank and Trust 
Company of Los Angeles, dur- 
ing the oil excitement. This 
institution has become ore of 
the important financial organ- 
izations of California. He 
has since then become more or less identified with the insurance busi- 
ness and came to Phoenix, where he organized The Arizona and 
New Mexico Underwriters Company, which now represents the 
leading insurance companies of the United States. He is now the 
Vice President and General Manager of this organization. Mr. Burt 




416 



W H O S WHO 



has been influential in having many thousands of dollars come to this 
state for development, and all his projects have become recognized 
as organizations that have done everything to safeguard the investors' 
interests. 

WILLIAM HEAVER WORTHINGTON was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
in 1878. He is the son of Henry H. an^ Catherine Heaver Worth- 
ington. He received his early education in the public schools of Cin- 
cinnati, after which he took a course at Leland Stanford University, 

taking his diploma 
there as mining en- 
gineer and metallur- 
gist in 1898. Mr. 
Worthington is wel 
known in the south- 
west, especially in 
Southern Arizona 
and Sonora, Mexico. 
His first business as- 
sociations were in 
California and Mex- 
ico, and having es- 
tablished a reputa- 
tion there, he was 
offered a position 
with the Calumet 
& Arizona Mining 
Company in 1903, 
w T hich he accepted 
and retained for sev- 
en years. Two years 
ago, however, he op- 
ened an engineering 
and assaying labora- 
tory in the Paul 
Building, Douglas, 
his present location. 

During this time Mr. Worthington has earned a name for integrity 
and ability in his line, is considered an authority on copper deposits, 
and conducted the examination of a number of valuable properties in 
this section. At present he is in charge of the development of several 
mines in the Patagonia District for the A. L. Harroun Syndicate, of 
Kansas City, the company which developed the El Tigre Mines in 
Sonora. Mr. Worthington is a member of the B. P. O. E., and is 
always interested in matters of civic importance. He was married in 
1905 to Miss Edith Hess, and to the union have been born two 
children, Elizabeth and William. 




IN ARIZONA 



417 




Lawrence Oscar Cowan 

LAWRENCE OSCAR COWAN, who, as Recorder of the City of Tuc- 
son, has won many friends by his courtesy and efficient conduct of the 
office, is a native of South Carolina; he was born in Due West, in 
1858. His father, Captain John Cowan, was a planter and merchant, 
and his grandfather was one of the early settlers of the State. Judge 
Cowan was graduated from Erskine College of South Carolina, after 
which he studied law in Georgia and was admitted to practice before 
the Supreme Court of that State in 1882. The same year he came to 
Arizona, settling in Kingman, where he practiced law, owned a cattle 
ranch and was interested in mines. In 1887, having been greatly 
attracted by the boom in that vicinity he proceeded to San Diego, 
but soon returned to Kingman. He was shortly afterwards elected 
Probate Judge, w T hich position he held for four years. He has also 
served as Clerk of the District Court of Mohave County and Clerk of 
the Board of Supervisors. In 1895 he was elected to the office of 
County Recorder, and in 1897 was chosen by a handsome majority as 
member of the Assembly to represent Mohave County in the 19th 
Legislature. He was also elected to the Legislature from Pima 



418 



WHO S WHO 



County, and during his term introduced and was successful in having 
passed the well known Cowan Hill, by means of which fees amount- 
ing to many thousands of dollars have been added to the treasury of 
Arizona. In addition to his legal and official duties Judge Cowan has 
continued to be largely interested in mining properties, and at the 
present time has an interest in mines in Mexico and is joint owner 
with Senator Mark Smith of the Congress Mine. Judge Cowan is a 
member of the I. O. O. F. and Mystic Circle. He was married in 
1883 to Rosalie Rice Ogden. They have two daughters, Mrs. H. A. 
Drachman and Mrs. Edith C. Tompkins. 



JOHN IGO, City Marshal and Tax Collector of the City of Doug- 
las, is one of the best known citizens of Cochise County, and has 
twice made a remarkable showing in the race for the position he now 
holds. His record as Court Interpreter and Clerk of the Police and 

Justice Court was responsible 
for his election to this office the 
first time by a large majority, 
but at the expiration of his term 
he was re-elected by the largest 
vote ever given any candidate 
for office in Douglas. John Igo 
is the son of Victor and Agnes 
McCarty Igo, and was born in 
Emporia, Kansas, but has been 
a resident of Arizona since he. 
was two years of age. He was 
brought up on a ranch and 
along the big railroad lines, and 
until he branched out for him- 
self he worked with his father, 
who was a railroad contractor. 
Apart from this his first posi- 
tion was assistant postmaster at 
Huachuca, and his next was in 
the Copper Queen store, where 
he has been employed in various 
capacities. He has also been in 
charge of a portion of the El 

Paso and Southwestern right of way, and in all these positions has 
given entire satisfaction. He was elected City Marshal after four 
years service as Clerk and Interpreter, and his administration has 
pleased every one except the criminal element. Mr. Igo is as well 
known in fraternal and social affairs as in civic, is prominent in the 
Fraternal Brotherhood and B. P. O. E., and his friends are urging 
him to make a race for a county position, feeling that his splendid 




IN ARIZONA 



419 



showing in city elections would make him a strong candidate for a 
more prominent office. Mr. Igo married Miss Flora J. Morrill, and 
to the union have been born three children, Clara, Norvin and Louis. 



HUGH THORNTON CUTHBERT, Certified Public Accountant, 
though a native of Scotland and a resident of this country only since 
December, 1904, has been a citizen of the United States since De- 
cember, 1910. Mr. Cuthbert was born October 25, 1878, and is the 

son of Hugh Cuthbert, Esq., 
and Anne Wilkinson, youngest 
daughter of the late Colonel 
Sir Thomas Wilkinson, K. C. 
S. I. He was educated at Ed- 
inburgh Academy and Edin- 
burgh University, and served 
five years apprenticeship with 
Carter, Greig & Co., Chartered 
Accountants of Edinburgh, qual- 
ified by examinations, and was 
admitted to membership in the 
Society of Chartered Account- 
ants in 1904. Toward the end 
of that year he came to the 
United States, and was em- 
ployed for two years at his pro- 
fession in Chicago. He then 
came to Arizona and started in 
business for himself under the 
firm name of H. T. Cuthbert 
& Co., Accountants and Audi- 
tors, at Douglas, where he has 

since remained. H. T. Cuthbert & Co. are really the pioneer certified 
public accountants of Arizona. His ability in his special line of busi- 
ness has been readily recognized in this vicinity, and he has done work 
throughout the state, and in other states, for municipalities, counties, 
mining corporations and public utility companies in organizing and 
systematizing as well as in accounting and auditing. Mr. Cuthbert 
spent fifteen months in the Imperial Yeomanry while serving in the 
Boer War, and especially treasures a medal and three clasps given 
him by King Edward VII for his services. Socially as well as in a 
business way Mr. Cuthbert is prominent in the life of Douglas. He 
was one of the promoters of the Douglas Country Club and served as 
its Secretary and Treasurer during the first four years of its existence. 
On September 15, 1910, Mr. Cuthbert was married to Miss Lucy 
Bishop Smith, of New London, Conn. They have one little daughter, 
Anne Holt Cuthbert. 




420 



WHO S WHO 




Bishop Atwood 



I N T A R I Z O X A 421 

JULIUS WALTER ATWOOD, Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Arizona, 
was horn in Salisbury, Vermont, June 27, 1857, and is the son of 
Frank Carley and Sarah Thomas Atwood. He first attended the 
public schools and then Middlebury College, from which he received 
an A. B. degree in 1878, and for the next two years was student at 
the General Theological Seminary, New York, following which he 
was graduated from the Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge, 
Mass., receiving the degree of B. D., and the same year, 1882, he 
received the A. M. degree from Middlebury College, and was or- 
dained deacon. In 1883 he was ordained Priest in the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He began his ministry as Rector of the Church of 
the Ascension at Ipswich, Mass. Later he became the Rector of St. 
James Church, Providence, R. I., and Trinity Church, of Columbus, 
Ohio. In 190b he came to Arizona as Rector of Trinity Church, 
Phoenix. In 1907 he was made Archdeacon of Arizona, in 1910 was 
Deputy to the General Convention, and on January 18, 1911, was 
consecrated Bishop of Arizona. Always an ardent worker, Bishop 
Atwood has seen his zealous efforts in the district of Arizona so fruit- 
fully rewarded as to be most gratifying to all concerned in his work. 
He is the founder and President of St. Luke's Home, Phoenix. 
Bishop Atwood has also been special lecturer on church history in 
several colleges, and is the author of "The Spiritual Influence of John 
Greenleaf Whittier." He was married in 1895 to Miss Anna Rich- 
mond, of Providence, R. I., who died in 1907. 



NEILL EDWAROS BAILEY, General Superintendent of the United 
Verde & Pacific Railway, and best known throughout the State as 
the Father of the Direct Primary Law of Arizona, though a native of 
California, where he was born December 20, Ib74, is really of South- 
ern lineage and is the son of George H. and Sophia Amsler Bailey, 
both members of well known Southern families. His father was a 
distinguished officer in the Confederate Army. Mr. Bailey received 
his education in California, but has been a resident of Arizona since 
1892. His first position was that of telegrapher, from which he has 
risen by dint of exceptional ability and close attention to detail, to 
that of General Superintendent. He is a Director in the Arizona 
Life Insurance Company and associated with many other business en- 
terprises throughout the State, is well known and popular politically, 
a prominent member of the Masonic Order, being a Knight Templar 
and member of the Mystic Shrine; and in a social way, both himself 
and Mrs. Bailey, who was bred in the City of Savannah, are recog- 
nized dispensers of true Southern hospitality. In 1898 Mr. Bailey 
raised a company of infantry, received the commission of Second Lieu- 
tenant and served in the First Territorial Volunteer Infantry in the 
Spanish-American War, under Colonel Myron H. McCord, a former 
Governor of Arizona. In 1905 he was elected to the Legislature 



422 



WHO S WHO 



X 







Neill Edwards Bailey 



IN ARIZONA 



423 



from Cochise County; in 1907 was re-elected and made Speaker of 
the House; in 1909 was again re-elected, became Speaker protem., 
floor leader and chairman of caucus. He has always been active in 
party work, serving on both County and State Committees, and at 
present is an executive member of each. Mr. Bailey was married in 
Savannah, Ga., in 1903, to Miss Gertrude von Gundell, and they 
have one daughter, Dorothy May. 



GEORGE A. FLEMING, City Clerk and Treasurer of Flagstaff, is one 
of the well known politicians of Arizona, and during his term of 

office has shown marked abil- 
ity as a public officer. 

Coming from Charleston, 
S. C., to make his home in Ari- 
zona, he was early honored by 
the people of Coconino Coun- 
ty, with the Democratic nomi- 
nation for Clerk of the Super- 
ior Court. In the municipal 
election at Flagstaff, he was 
chosen from a number of 
strong candidates, for the of- 
fice of City Clerk and Treas- 
urer, and is filling that office 
to the satisfaction of his con- 
stituency, and with honor to 
himself. 

He is a descendant of a well 
known Southern family, his 
mother, Mrs. James F. Mc- 
Carroll, of Hammond, Louisi- 
ana, being a composer whose 
darky melodies and short stor- 
ies are popular throughout 
Dixie. Mr. Fleming was born 
in Jacksonville, Florida, in 1885, attended the parochial schools of 
South Carolina, and was graduated from St. Mary's College, North 
Carolina. After the death of Mr. Fleming's father, his mother mar- 
ried James F. McCarroll, one of the largest lumbermen of Louisiana 
and Mississippi, and a man of great business ability. 

Mr. Fleming is active and energetic in all public movements for 
the welfare and advancement of Arizona, and takes prominent part in 
the social and fraternal life of the new State. He is a leader in the 
Knights of Columbus, and has held high office in other fraternal so- 
cieties. Genial, popular and active, those who have watched his 
career in Arizona expect him to attain to political prominence. 




424 



WHO S W H O 




ALBERT CLINTON DEWITT was born in Buffalo, New York, in 
1870. He is the son of Owen Clinton Dewitt of Buffalo, former 
District Attorney of Erie County, N. Y., and a direct descendant of 
Cornelius Dewitt, one of the earliest settlers of New Amsterdam, and 
also of General Warren, of Revolutionary fame, his paternal grand- 
mother having been Miss Harriet Warren. His father was Captain 
of the 121st U. S. Volunteer New York Infantry during the Civil 
War, and eight of his uncles also served in this war. He, therefore, 
comes of a family of prominent fighters, and his career in Arizona 
has demonstrated that he inherited some of the spirit of his fore- 
fathers, which has aided him in accomplishing much because of his 
determination to overcome obstacles, and he has attained a position in 
the community commensurate with his public spiritedness and particu- 
lar attainments, though he landed in Arizona with practically nothing. 
He is now owner of one of the State's finest ranches, situated in the 
Buckeye Valley, and while devoting his time in the main to the occu- 
pation of farming and stock raising, he has large interests in many 
business enterprises and has been conspicuously identified with various 
undertakings which have developed in the wake of an ever growing 
state. During the Spanish-American war, Mr. Dewitt was one of 
the first men to land in Manila, but was discharged honorably be- 
cause of serious throat trouble. Considered an important factor in 
politics and gratefully recognized for the part he has played in public 
affairs, Mr. Dewitt has been mentioned for several political positions, 
but, as yet, has not seen his way clear to enter the political arena. 



I N 



ARIZONA 



425 



JUDGE P. P. PARKER, though a descendant of good old Yankee 
stock, was born at Barnston, Quebec, December 26, 1835. Here he 
spent his early youth and \vas educated in the public schools and 
Barnston Academy. His father, Alpheus Parker, was a farmer and 

one of the pioneers of that sec- 
tion. His mother was a native 
of Vermont. Judge Parker 
came West in 1858 and taught 
in the public schools of Illinois 
and Missouri. In the summer 
of 1859 he started across the 
plains for Pikes Peak with an ox 
team and landed at the present 
site of the City of Denver. 
Here he spent the summer in 
prospecting and mining, and re- 
turned in the fall to his school 
work in Missouri. In the Civil 
War Judge Parker had a record 
of which any man might be 
proud, and though he partici- 
pated in some of the most im- 
portant battles, among them 
Chattanooga, Look Out Moun- 
tain and the siege of Vicksburg, 
was never wounded. In 1861 
he joined the Missouri Home 
Guards, became First Lieutenant in Company C of the 6th Mis- 
souri Militia, in the fall of the same year was mustered out and 
entered the United States Volunteer service as First Lieutenant, and 
his regiment was assigned to General Sherman's command. In July, 
1864, he was made Captain of his company and was honorably dis- 
charged late in the fall of the same year. Having returned to his 
home he was married in January, 1865, to Miss Susan F. Hendricks, 
a native of Missouri. He made his home in Missouri until 1884, 
when he removed to North Dakota, where he was appointed by the 
Governor one of the Commissioners to organize Towner County. He 
afterwards engaged in farming and stock raising, and served as Clerk 
of the District Court until he came to Arizona in 1888, as contractor 
on the South Gila Canal in Yuma County. In 1889 he located in 
Phoenix, which has since been his home. Judge Parker stands high as 
a civil and mining engineer, is well posted in irrigation engineering, 
and has been engaged in this state in enterprises of great magnitude. 
He was one of the promoters of the Rio Verde canal. He has also 
been deeply interested in mining projects in the New River District. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and has filled many posts of honor in 




426 



WHO S WHO 



the state. He served three terms in the Territorial Legislature. In 
the 21st Legislature, the first one to occupy the new capitol building, 
he was chosen Speaker of the House, a peculiarly appropriate distinc- 
tion, since he it was who fought through the 19th Legislature the 
bill for the bonding of the territory for the construction of the capitol. 
He has also served on the staffs of Governor Franklin and Governor 
McCord, and as a member of the Territorial Central Committee. 
Judge Parker is a member of the Arizona Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, and an honored member of the G. A. R. He is 
a 32nd degree Mason, one of the most prominent in the state, and a 
member of the Mystic Shrine and Knights Templar; also of the Ari- 
zona Society of Civil Engineers. His family consists of three sons 
and one daughter, Miss Angie B. Parker, who is Deputy Clerk of the 
Supreme Court. He is a gentleman of high social qualities and has 
an extensive circle of friends who esteem him for his genuine worth. 



W. J. MULVEXOX, a native of Massachusetts, where he was born 
October 25, 1853, has nevertheless, spent his entire life in the west, as 
the family removed to Kansas when he was three years of age, and in 
that then frontier state he received his earliest impressions of life and 
his early education. He left home when but fifteen and went to Colo- 
rado, where he worked at mining, later moved on to New Mexico, and 
in 1875 came to Arizona, where again he devoted his attention to 
mining for about six years, in the Peck District. While in New 
Mexico he served for three years as Deputy Sheriff at Silver City, and 
in 1881 he was appointed deputy to Sheriff Walker of Yavapai, and 
at the expiration of that term he was appointed by the succeeding 
sheriff, Henkle, and served another two years. At that time the 
county comprised the territory now composing Yavapai, Coconino, 
Navajo and Apache. Mr. Mulvenon was elected on the Democratic 
ticket to succeed Sheriff Henkle, and served as sheriff of the county 
the two terms following, from 1885 to 1889. During that time his 
ability was often severely taxed, especially when trouble arose in the 
Tonto Basin between sheep and cattle raisers, and it was one time 
necessary for him to organize a force of forty of the best and bravest 
men to assist him in quelling the warfare. During his term of service 
he made some famous captures and did much that made him noted and 
aided in placing the frontier territory of Arizona on a safe and sound 
basis. He has the reputation of having been one of the most efficient 
sheriffs the territory has ever known. In politics Mr. Mulvenon has 
ever been a Democrat whose judgment in party councils was highly 
regarded, and has served on both county and territorial committees. 
He was elected to the Assembly of the 19th Legislature, in which he 
served with great credit, and was a member of the following commit- 
tees : Ways and Means ; Appropriations ; Printing and Rental of 
School Lands. In 1894 he organized the Crystal Ice Company in 



IN ARIZONA 



427 



Prescott, became its manager, and soon built up a large wholesale and 
retail trade. He was married in Prescott to Miss Ella Johnson, a 
native of Oregon, whose parents were among the early settlers of the 
Pacific Coast. 



JAMES H. McCuNTOCK, Postmaster of Phoenix, familiarly 
known as "Colonel Jim" by his many friends, was born in San Fran- 
cisco on February 23, 1864. He received his early education in the 
public schools of that city, and after coming to Arizona enrolled as a 
student in Tempe Normal, was a member of the first class which 
graduated from that school, and taught in the public schools of the 
Territory for a time. He then took up newspaper work, joining his 
brother in the publication of the Phoenix Herald, which has since 
been absorbed by the Republican. Mr. McClintcok is a practical 
printer, reporter and editor, and has worked on various papers within 
the State, among which are the Gazette and the Republican in 
Phoenix. For some years he has been a contributor to various mag- 
azines, which he continues to do in connection with his other duties, 
as his services are in constant demand by the largest newspapers and 
magazines of the United States. At the outbreak of the Spanish War 
he enlisted in Roosevelt's Rough Rider Regiment and was made 
Captain of Troop A, and while the war lasted, served with distinc- 
tion. At its close he again engaged in newspaper work until April, 
1902, when he was appointed postmaster. To this office he has been 
twice reappointed. Since he assumed charge of the office the force 
has been increased from 12 to 40, and its annual income from 
$27,000 to $90,000. Colonel McClintock has been a faithful mem- 
ber of the Board of Trade for many years, and has served both as 
its President and as Chairman of the Advertising Committee. After 
the Spanish War he was commissioned Colonel of the First Arizona 
Infantry, or National Guard of Arizona, which position he resigned 
in 1910. He is now Historian, and has been President, of the 
Rough Riders' Association. Archaeology and education have al- 
ways especially interested him, and he is probably as well posted as 
any man not a scientist on the prehistoric and present Indian tribes 
of Arizona. He has served as President of the Arizona Folk Lore 
Society, and several terms as member of Educational Boards. 



ERNEST E. ANDERSON, assistant postmaster, Phoenix, is a native 
of New Jersey, and was born in Dover, October 31, 1887. He was 
educated in his native state and served an apprenticeship as machinist. 
He first came to Arizona eight years ago and secured employment at 
his trade with the Santa Fe at Winslow. After six months, however, 
he proceeded to California, where he spent two years, and during this 
time passed the necessary examination and obtained an appointment as 
railway mail clerk. He then returned to Arizona, located in Phoe- 



428 



\V H O S WHO 




James H. McClintook 
Binest E. Anderson H. W. Lathlean 



t N ARIZONA 

nix, and was appointed to a clerkship in the postoffice under the Civil 
Service rules, being later promoted to his present position. Mr. And- 
erson is a member of the Masonic Order, Lodge No. 2 of Phoenix. 



H. W. LATH LEAN, superintendent of mails, Phoenix postoffice, was 
born in London, England, in 1863. fie was educated in his native 
city, and made his home there until 1887, when he came to this coun- 
try and settled in Louisville, Ky. For twelve years he was employed 
in the postoffice of Louisville, and is, therefore, thoroughly experienced 
in this work. He came to Arizona in 1910, since when Phoenix has 
been his home, and during this time he has been employed solely in 
postal work. In 1895 he returned to London and was married to Miss 
Jane Ellen Todd, and to this union have been born five children, 
Eleanor, Sidney, Stephen, John and Ruth. 



B. & B. does not stand for Biggest and Best, but gazing from the 
Plaza across at the store of the Bashford-Burmister Company, and 
judging from its size, one might be led to believe that such was the 
case. This great department store is not only among the best and 
largest in the state, but is also a pioneer institution. When Prescott 
was but a trading center for the U. S. troops, in the early 60's, a small 
post was established by the Bashford-Burmister Company, and since 
then its growth has been continuous. The volume of business done in 
this store, with its more than fifty thousand square feet of floor space, 
is not exceeded by any concern in Arizona, and the remarkable growth 
of the store has been due largely to the manner in which the business 
has always been conducted. In the dry goods department excellency 
reigns supreme, and the immense stock of dry goods, silks, laces, men's 
furnishings, ladies' ready to \vear clothing, shoes and millinery is so 
arranged as to show to the best advantage, so it is the mecca of artistic 
shoppers at all seasons of the year. The grocery and supply depart- 
ment is always stocked with a complete line of the staples, as well as 
the delicacies of the season, especial care being given to the products of 
this state, fruits and vegetables of the rich soil of Arizona being al- 
ways found in abundance in the spacious store rooms. Warehouses to 
the extent of half a dozen afford splendid facilities for storing mer- 
chandise, and the familiar phrase, "We are just out now," is seldom 
heard in this establishment. Men who are experts in their lines have 
charge of every department, and are always ready and willing to give 
prospective purchasers the benefit of their experience. The department 
which attracts probably the greatest attention, owing to the fact that 
mining is the greatest of the industries in Yavapai, is the mine supply 
department, and the ease with which supplies of all kinds may be ob- 
tained at the B. & B. has been a decided advantage to the miners of 
this section. The store is under the direct management of James A. 
Hope, president, and H. D. Aiken, treasurer and first vice president, 



430 



WHO S WHO 



both of whom are familiar with the business from the ground up. 
Other prominent citizens interested in the company are F. M. Mur- 
phy, R. N. Fredericks, C. A. Bray, and M. C. Hope. Progressive, 
modern business methods have always marked the conduct of the af- 
fairs of this company, and at no time in its career have more able men 
been at the helm than at the present, and the future success of the 
Bashford-Burmister Company seems assured. 



JOHN T H. SLAUGHTER, pioneer cattle and ranch man, is one of 
the state's most interesting and picturesque characters, whose 
success in various undertakings has been a matter of common pride. 
He was born on a plantation in Louisiana in the forties, and was 
reared among the surroundings of a southern home, which he left at an 
early age to seek fortune and adventure in the West. He first landed 
in Texas, where he saw an opportunity offered for stock raising. Here 
he set about getting a start in the cattle business and at the age of six- 
teen possessed a considerable herd. While yet a young man the Civil 
War broke out, and he was one of the first to enlist in the Confederate 
Army. His career as a soldier was cut short by an unlimited fur- 
lough owing to serious illness, but immediately upon his recovery he 
enlisted with the Texas Rangers and was made a Lieutenant. With 
this remarkable company he was active during much of the service 
which made it justly celebrated, and many of the members who 
served with Lieutenant Slaughter relate his stirring experiences and 
daring deeds. During his career in Texas he battled with uncer- 
tainties, twice amassing a fortune and twice losing all. The effect 
of this adversity was but to bring out the grit and determination well 
known in the Slaughter blood, without which the name would not 
have figured so prominently in the development of the Southwest. In 
1877 when gold was discovered in Arizona and the name of Tomb- 
stone was everywhere spoken, Mr. Slaughter was attracted by the 
new country, and believing that greater opportunities existed here 
for wealth, drove his cattle overland to the San Pedro Valley, which 
was his first permanent camping ground in Arizona. After inspecting 
the country for a suitable range he purchased land in the Southeast 
corner of the Territory, where he established the San Bernardino 
Ranch. For 15 years following the surrounding country and even 
portions of the ranch were never free from bands of hostile Indians, 
and the utmost vigilance was necessary to prevent their uprising. Mr. 
Slaughter struggled through this period with a firm and fearless de- 
termination to hold the ground, and that he has succeeded is shown 
by the passing of the redmen and the building up of one of the prettiest 
spots in the great Southwest. In the year 1886 Mr. Slaughter was 
escort to the late General Lawton, then Captain in the United States 
Army, in the capture of the famous Apache chief, Geronimo, who later 
surrendered on the San Bernardino Ranch. On many occasions later 



IN ARIZONA 



431 




John H. Slaughter 



432 WHO'S WHO 

Mr. Slaughter directed expeditions of the United States troops 
through southern Arizona and northern Mexico, as no man better 
knew the lurking places of the Indians, or better understood their 
cunning, habits, and modes of warfare. He was also well known 
to the Indians, and it was old Geronimo himself who said no life 
should ever be taken on the San Bernardino Ranch. In 1887 Mr. 
Slaughter was elected Sheriff of Cochise County on the Democratic 
ticket, and in this capacity served two terms w r hich have gone down 
in the history of Arizona as remarkable for the good accomplished. 
During his ten years of office he brought to justice many desperadoes 
who had been operating through the county, and many attempts were 
made to entrap him and take his life, but in every case he outgeneraled 
his foes. Mr. Slaughter has always been solicitous for the welfare of 
Cochise County, ever ready to assist those upon whom the hand of 
adversity has fallen, and foremost in ridding the country of outlaws 
and cattle thieves, thereby encouraging the stock raising business. 
Mr. Slaughter married Adeline Harris, daughter of Lesial Harris, 
of San Angelo, Texas, one of the prominent men of that State. Mrs. 
Slaughter died shortly after their removal to Arizona, leaving one 
son, William J., who was associated with his father in business until 
his death in 1911, and one daughter, Adeline, now the wife of Dr. 
William Arnold Greene of Douglas. Mr. Slaughter later married 
Miss Cora Viola Howell, a most lovable woman, who enjoys much 
popularity, and who is a woman of rare public spirit. Mrs. Slaughtei 
has been a most cheerful helpmate, charming and devoted, and much 
of the extraordinary success which her husband has enjoyed may be 
attributed to her native ability. 



PRE-EMINENT in its line, housed in a magnificent stone building at 
Tenth & "G" Streets, there is not a more complete, up-to-date store in 
the state than that of The Douglas Drug Company. Its incorporators, 
Dr. E. J. Huxtable and O. O. Hammill, are not only citizens of high 
standing, but men who have received training which has thoroughly 
fitted them for the business. The company was incorporated in 1905, 
when they purchased the business of the Braum-Furgeson Company. 
They have since doubled the capacity and more than doubled the busi- 
ness of the firm. They carry a line of high grade drugs, to the selec- 
tion and compounding of which most careful attention is given; a 
varied line of stationery and a line of confectionery of which purity is 
the keynote. And in the remarkable growth of their business, the un- 
failing courtesy with which patrons are treated has proven not the 
least important factor. 

E. J. HUXTABLE, the President and General Manager of the Com- 
pany, is a native of Canada, and son of James Huxtable, one of the 
pioneers of the district in which he resided. He was the owner of a 
large flour mill, and also held important official positions at various 



IN ARIZONA 



433 




E. J. Huxtable 



O. O. Hammill 



times, including that of reeve of the township, a position similar to 
that of mayor in our country, and warden of his county, Dufferin. 
Dr. Huxtable first attended the common schools and later Colling- 
wood Collegiate Institute, where he prepared for the work of teach- 
ing, and this was his occupation for a time. He soon entered the 
College of Pharmacy at Toronto, where he completed the work and 
took a course at the University of Toronto, from which he was gradu- 
ated with the degree Bachelor of Pharmacy, the equivalent of the 
U. S. degree Doctor of Pharmacy. He soon went to Los Angeles 
and for two years was head dispenser for one of the largest drug 
firms in the city; following this he was employed for three years in 
the drug store of the Hotel del Coronado, at Coronado Beach. 
About that time, his health began to fail and he sought the drier 
climate of Naco, Arizona, and there became associated with the 
Braum-Ferguson Company, who placed him in charge of their store in 
El Paso, Texas. His next move was to Douglas in his present ca- 



434 



WHO S WHO 



pacify. In addition to his wide business acquaintance, Dr. Huxtable 
is widely known in a fraternal way and is a member of the K. of P., 
Elks, Moose and Fraternal Brotherhood. Mrs. Huxtable, who was 
Miss Adaline White, of West Point, Miss., is a descendant of the 
Trotters and Whites, well known Southern families, both distinguish- 
ed plantation owners and business people of that section, and was well 
known in society at her home. There is still pending a claim of her 
family against the government for 500 bales of cotton confiscated dur- 
ing the War. 



O. O. HAMMILL, Secretary and Treasurer of the Douglas Drug 
Co., is also a native of Canada, having been born in Ontario in 1870, 
and like his partner, was educated in the common schools, College of 
Pharmacy and University of Toronto. He then went to Illinois, be- 
came a registered druggist in the state, and secured a position as man- 
ager of a large drug store in Chicago. Here he remained for several 
years, and in 1901 came to Douglas, where he opened the store for the 
Braum-Ferguson Co., which he later, in connection with Dr. Hux- 
table, purchased. He is a member of the State Pharmacy Board. He 
was the pioneer Shriner of Douglas, and helped organize the first Blue 
Lodge Masons, of which he is a charter member. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Elks, and is an active worker in each society. He has taken 
a prominent part in affairs of the city, and at present is Chairman of 
the Board of Education and member of the Board of Aldermen. He 
is especially interested in the future citizens of Arizona and is Master 
for the Boy Scouts in that section, his three years training in the 
British Volunteers having enabled him to fill this position with entire 
satisfaction. He married Miss Maude Pittiway, of Chicago. They 
have two children, Ogden and Marion. 



R. L. NEWMAN, proprietor of the Hotel Holbrook, is one of the 
pioneers of Arizona and for a number of years was engaged in the 
cattle business. During the past year he sold out and came to Hol- 
brook, where he purchased the hotel. From the start he began im- 
provements, and today the place is known over the southwest for the 
excellence of the entertainment afforded. It is noted as the head- 
quarters for tourists, having a first class garage in connection, and the 
cleanliness and comfortable surroundings have made it a favorite 
stopping place for the traveling public. It is conducted on the Euro- 
pean plan, and has all the comfort of a home. The large hotel lobby, 
filled with curios for which the country about Holbrook is noted, gives 
it added charm, and the grounds having undergone a thorough clean- 
ing and renovating, are as pleasant as could be desired. 

Mr. Newman is married and has one daughter, Jennie, and one son, 
Wesley. 



IN ARIZONA 



43<5 



ALFRED E. GILLARD, registered pharmacist and proprietor of the 
Winslow Drug Store and the Palace Drug Company, is one of the 
best known pharmacists and business men of the state. He has a 
license as registered pharmacist in the States of Washington, Oregon 

and Wisconsin, in all of which 
he has been employed in this 
work. Mr. Gillard was born 
in 1876 at Cobourg, Ontario, 
and was educated in the com- 
mon schools, the Collegiate In- 
stitute and Milwaukee Phar- 
macy College. His paternal 
grandfather was an officer in 
the early Indian wars. Mr. 
Gillard first went into the 
drug business at Superior, 
Wisconsin, about twelve years 
ago, and later came west, 
working for some time on the 
coast in the northwest, then 
came to Arizona in 1903, lo- 
cated at Prescott, where he 
was employed by Messrs. Bris- 
ley & Litt for about one year 
before becoming permanently 
located in Winslow. His two 
stores in this town are well 
conducted and have an ex- 
cellent reputation for fair dealing and for the great care w T ith which 
the prescription department is managed. Mr. Gillard gives his per- 
sonal attention to the Winslow Drug Co. store, and the Palace is in 
charge of a capable pharmacist. Having two establishments, Mr. 
Gillard is enabled to buy to more advantage and oftener, which is a 
decided benefit to his patrons both in prices and in being able to obtain 
fresher goods. A first class confectionery department and soda water 
fountain are valuable additions to the Winslow store, and enjoy a 
large patronage. Mr. Gillard has also other important business inter- 
ests in the state. He was married in 1905 to Miss Anna Killorin, a 
descendant of General Butler. They have one son, Frederick Butler 
Gillard. 

RYAN & Co., Inc., of Globe, is a firm whose career is a credit to its 
management and to the city, and forms an interesting story of gradual 
growth in the business world. The beginning of this popular estab- 
lishment was in August, 1904, when William Ryan, now president of 
the company, began business as a dealer in books, periodicals, station- 
ery, etc., and from the beginning, by the application of good business 
policy, original ideas and the force of his personality, seemed destined 




436 WHO'S WHO 

to make a success of his undertaking. The business has grown year by 
year until it ranks among the foremost in its vicinity. It acquired its 
present prestige by successive steps, each of which marked a new era, 
and its continued policy of square dealing and anticipating the wants 
of its patrons has insured the patronage of people who recognize com- 
mercial merit. In August, 1907, J. J. Moloney, now secretary-treas- 
urer of the company, became associated with Mr. Ryan and a line of 
sporting goods, phonographs and records was added to the stock, which 
included a complete line of guns and ammunition, while a special fea- 
ture was made of baseball supplies. This department marked the sec- 
ond step in the store's progress. The next year the company was in- 
corporated and the drug and prescription department, under the care 
of a capable registered pharmacist, was added. This department is of 
a grade rather higher than is usually found in a city of less than fifty 
thousand, and one of the most trustworthy and thorough in the South- 
west. Its continually increasing patronage and the fact that those who 
go to Ryan's once, go back again, is the best testimonial that the busi- 
ness can offer to the public, and is the natural reward gained by the 
carrying of a carefully selected stock and the courteous treatment ac- 
corded its customers. In its rapid rise to prominence much must be 
attributed to the financial integrity and genial spirit of the men who 
are working harmoniously together to make their business the leading 
one in the rapidly growing city of Globe. 

WILLIAM RYAN, president of Ryan & Co., Inc., is really one of the 
pioneer residents of Globe. He has a host of friends in that section of 
the state, and to his wide acquaintance, pleasing personality and ability 
to make friends is due no small part of the success of the firm. He has 
always taken an active part in politics in Gila County, and is a factor 
in the Republican party workings. He is a member of the Knights of 
Columbus and has held several offices in the order. He is also well 
known among the B. P. O. E., of which he is a member, as well as in 
civic and social affairs. Mr. Ryan was married in Globe in 1883, and 
is the father of four sons and two daughters, all of whom were born 
and reared there. 

JOE B. RYAN, son of William Ryan, is vice president of the firm, 
one of its best working members, and highly esteemed in business and 
social circles. He is one of the younger men of the city, but has be- 
come one of its most substantial citizens. He was born in Globe and 
educated there in the public schools and at the Military School at 
Rosw T ell, N. M. Like his father, he is a keen, progressive business 
man, and his courtesy and close attention to detail have done much for 
the development of the firm. He is also a member of the Elks and 
Knights of Columbus, and has been recently Deputy Grand Knight of 
the latter order, as his efforts in that position during the preceding 
year were of great benefit to the Council. Mr. Ryan is a prominent 
member of the younger social set, one of the most popular young men 
in the state, and bids fair to become one of Arizona's foremost citizens. 



IX ARIZONA 



437 




Joe B. Ryan 



William Ryan 



,1. J. Moloney 




Patt Sullivan 
Manager Silver Belt, Miami, Arizona 



438 



WHO S WHO 



Phelps Dodge Mercantile Company 

THE PHELPS DODGE MERCANTILE COMPANY was organized for 
the purpose of taking over the mercantile interests of various mining 
companies in Arizona and New Mexico owned by Phelps, Dodge & 
Company. The transfer to the new corporation was effected Janu- 
ary 1st, 1912, at which time there were acquired stores at Bisbee, 
Douglas, Morenci, Lowell, Naco and Warren, Arizona, and Dawson, 
New Mexico. So far as it concerned the general public, this change 
meant to them nothing more than that of the corporate title, as the 
business policy of the company remains undisturbed, being character- 
ized by the same liberality and breadth of purpose as that on which 
the various mining companies' stores were originally founded. 

The companies' stores came into existence simultaneously with the 
commencement of mining operations on a commercial basis at the 
different camps, their inception being prompted by the necessity for 
furnishing the employes of the mining companies and other residents 
of the various localities with desirable merchandise at reasonable 
prices. That their growth has kept pace with that of the commu- 
nities in which the stores were established is attested by the constantly 
increasing patronage with which the company is favored, as well as 
by the class of buildings which it has found necessary to erect in order 
to house these veritable bee-hives of industry. Visitors, upon enter- 
ing the several stores, particularly those known as main stores, at 
Bisbee, Douglas and Morenci, Arizona, and Dawson, New Mexico, 
are agreeably surprised at the convenient arrangements of depart- 
ments, each with its tastefully displayed wares, representing, as they 
do, the careful and discriminating selections of buyers, each of whom 
is a trained specialist in his own line. The surprise soon develops 
into a feeling of complete satisfaction when one becomes more thor- 
oughly acquainted with the conveniences and facilities extended to 
customers in order that their shopping may be made for them a source 
of pleasure rather than a task. In the departments catering 
especially to the requirements of ladies, well appointed rest rooms are 
provided, the furnishings being chosen with a view to inviting com- 
plete repose and relaxation, while writing desks, with all the necessary 
supplies in the way of stationery, etc., are provided by the company for 
the convenience of its patrons, without cost. Telephones are main- 
tained and their use placed exclusively at the disposal of shoppers. 
Courtesy is the underlying principle upon which the company's deal- 
ings w T ith its patrons are founded, and to this end the selling force is 
recruited from among that class whose chief qualification for the 
position is that they shall be competent to act in the capacity of 
assistant to the purchaser. The general offices of the company are at 
Bisbee, Arizona, and the New York office at 99 John street. 



I N ARIZONA 



EilllllHIII 



II 1! II I! 11 II 




Plielps Dodge Mercantile Company's Stores at Morenci and Douglas. 



440 



WHO S WHO 




W. H. Brophy 

W. H. BROPHY, General Manager of the Phelps-Dodge Mercantile 
Company, with headquarters at Bisbee, is one of the best examples of 
the self-made business man in Arizona. Mr. Brophy was born in 
Ireland October 12, 1863, and in Ireland he received his education. 
His parents were Michael and Matilda Lawlor Brophy. At the 
age of 17 he went to California, where he remained tw r o years, and 
came to Arizona in 1883. He first spent some time on his brother's 
ranch, and early in 1884 went to Bisbee, which has since been his 
home. His first position there was with the Copper Queen Con- 
solidated Mining Company as clerk, in whose employ he has gradually 
advanced, as a reward of actual merit, until he reached his present 
position, the Phelps-Dodge Mercantile Company being but a change 
of name. In this capacity Mr. Brophy has under his jurisdiction 
the entire string of stores operated by the Mercantile Company, the 



IN ARIZONA 



441 



largest of which is at Bisbee, while others are at Lowell, Naco, 
Douglas, Clifton, Morenci, and Dawson, New Mexico. All of these 
stores are thoroughly up to date, well managed, with a large and well 
pleased patronage, and sources of revenue to the owners. Mr. Bro- 
phy's interests in other enterprises are such as carry with them a weight 
of responsibility, and necessitate the exercise of sound and superior 
judgment. He is President of The Bank of Bisbee, Vice President 
of The Bank of Douglas and of the Douglas Investment Company, 
Director of The Bank of Lowell, and holds an interest in the Bisbee 
Improvement Company. He is also interested in many of the large 
mining companies of Arizona and Mexico, and is a prominent figure 
throughout the Southwest. Mr. Brophy is an active member of the 
Knights of Columbus, and his generosity was an imporatnnt factor in 
the erection of their building in Bisbee, which is a source of just pride 
to the Order. He is also a charter and life member of the Bisbee 
Lodge of Elks, and a member of the Los Angeles Athletic Club. He 
was married in 1893 to Miss Ellen Amelia Goodbody, and they have 
two children, Francis Cullen Brophy, who is attending school in New 
Jersey, and Ellen Amelia. 



JESSE H. BRYAN, manager of the hardware department of the 
Arizona Copper Company's store, is the son of William P. and 

Nancy Davis Bry- 
Henrietta, 
and was 



of 



an, 

Texas 

born in that town 
September 1, 1879. 
He was educated 
in the public schools 
and a commercial 
college at Tyler, 
Texas, and his first 
position was a cleri- 
cal one, after which 
he was a general 
salesman for nine 
years before coming 
to Arizona. In 1905 
he came to Clifton 
as clerk for the Ari- 
zona Copper Com- 
pany, was promoted 
to manager of their 
hardware d e p a rt- 

ment in the Longfellow store at Morenci, and later to his present 
position in charge of the hardware store. Mr. Bryan is a member 
of the Masons, B. P. O. E. and Woodmen of the World. He was 




441: 



W H O S WHO 



married in 1904 to Miss Beaufort Wallace, of Graham, Texas. 
With their two children, Jesse and Bessie, they make their home in 
Clifton. 





Minor O. Simms 



Arthur W. Miller 



MIKOR O. SIMMS, manager of the grocery department of the Ari- 
zona Copper Company store, Clifton, Arizona, is the son of Frank 
and Alary L. Speer Simms, of Alabama, and was born in that state 
November 10, 1877. He was educated in the public schools, but has 
continued to improve his advantages in this particular by self educa- 
tion. Mr. Simms has been in Arizona and in the employ of the 
Arizona Copper Company store since June 15, 1900, when he be- 
gan as clerk, and has been promoted in turn to warehouse clerk, 
shipping clerk, and then to his present position, which he has held 
during the past six years. He was married on February 1st, 1905, 
at Goldthwaite, Texas, to Miss Myrtle Ashley, and their home is 
in Clifton. Mr. Simms is a well known member of the B. P. O. E. 



IN ARIZONA 



44!! 



ARTHUR W. MILLER, manager of the Arizona Copper Company's 
drug department, is a registered pharmacist, one of the most trust- 
worthy in the business in Arizona, and a graduate of the Northwest- 
ern University, Chicago, where he took his course in pharmacy. He 
had previously been educated in the public schools of Champaign, 
Illinois. Mr. Miller was born in Champaign in 1877, and is the 
son of M. V. and Mary King Miller. He was employed as 
pharmacist in Champaign ; Denver, Colorado, and Cananea, Mexico, 
prior to assuming charge of the Clifton store, with which he has 
been associated since 1912. Mr. Miller was married in Champaign, 
Illinois, on the 30th of August, 1899, to Miss Carrie Brooks. They 
have one son, Leo. 

JOE V. PROCHASKA, Postmaster of Miami, Arizona, received his 
first commission as postmaster of the fourth class office from Post- 
master General F. H. Hitchcock, 
advancing to third class received 
commission under President Taft, 
and advanced to second class 
under President Wilson. He 
was born in Crete, Nebraska, was 
a close friend and neighbor of 
William J. Bryan, who was an 
honorary member and class orator 
of his graduating class in 1895. 
He taught school in Nebraska in 
1896 and 1897. Mr. Prochaska 
is a natural born hustler and 
booster, and gained a wide repu- 
tation in southern Arizona by 
piloting the Lowell baseball team 
to success, and in the central and 
northern part by the able manage- 
ment of the Globe team. He is 
often spoken of as the Gila 
County Automobile and Good 
Roads enthusiast. He is a popu- 
lar member of the Odd Fellows, 
Eagles and Moose, is Exalted 

Ruler of Globe Lodge No. 489, and President of the B. P. O. Elks' 
Reunion Association of Arizona. He is also Secretary-Treasurer of 
the Postmasters' Association of Arizona, and has lately been appointed 
State Fair Commissioner from Gila County by the Board of Super- 
visors. He is a firm believer in the Miami mining district, in Gila 
County, and all Arizona, first, last and always. He married Mar- 
garet Whitecotton, of San Antonio, Texas, at Tombstone, Arizona, 
and their son, 'Gene, aged 5, is known as the youngest Elk in Arizona. 




444 



WHO S WHO 




Nasianceno Gonzales 

NASIANCENO GONZALES, Representative from Apache County, is 
one of the members who may always be found on the firing line when 
matters of principle are involved, and his service in the First State 
Legislature has the added value of the experience acquired by him 
during two terms in the Territorial Assembly. Mr. Gonzales was 
born in the neighboring State of New Mexico in 1867. He is prom- 
inent in political circles, and wields a great influence in his section, 
especially among the Spanish-Americans. He has served his county 
as member of Board of Supervisors and Assistant Recorder, each for 
two years. He has always been a recognized leader, and has been 
interested in some of the greatest projects that have been developed irr 
Arizona. He is at present Vice President of the Becker Mercantile 
Company, of Springerville, Arizona, and in addition to his mercantile 
interests he has been freighter, farmer and cattle man. In the Good 
Roads movement he is an enthusiast, and has taken particular interest 
in this phase of law-making. Mr. Gonzales received his education 



IN ARIZONA 



445 



in the public schools of the State, and although he lacked the advan- 
tages to be gained from a college course, he has been well equipped 
and able to grasp and develop to its utmost every opportunity afforded 
him. In the Legislature he has been deeply interested in the ad- 
vancement of the public school system, and has introduced a bill pro- 
viding for free text books. He has served on the Committee on 
Education, as well as on the Good Roads and Public Lands Commit- 
tees, and has been an ardent worker in the interest of each. Mr. 
Gonzales married Miss Beatrice Peralta. They have one son, 
Nasianceno, Jr., and one daughter, Lubertita. 



op- 
of 
re- 
old 



HARRY BRISLEY was born on January 10, 1862, near Canterbury, 
England. His father, Charles Brisley, was for forty consecutive 
years postmaster of the largest parish in the County of Kent, and, 
with his wife, Eliza, is still living and in good health at the age of 

82 years. Two of his 
uncles served in the 
Union army, enlist- 
ing from Ohio, and 
one was killed in bat- 
tle. Harry was one 
of a family of nine 
children ; the younger 
six, seeing little 
portunity ahead 
them if they 
mained in the 
home, came one after 
the other to the 
United States, only 
one of whom perma- 
nently returned, and 
the youngest of the 
my i family was laid to 

.V^ rest twenty-five years 

L ago on the bluffs 

xV^ /?* overlooking the St. 

Croix River, in Min- 
nesota. Having had 
a commercial school 
education, Mr. Bris- 
ley was first em- 
ployed at the age of 15 years as dispensary and surgery assistant to a 
Scotch surgeon, and later legally articled by his father as apprentice 
to a chemist and druggist of London. At the expiration of this term, 
at the age of 20, he came first to Toronto, Canada, then joined an 




W H O ' S WHO 

older brother in Minnesota, and later went to Illinois, where he was 
graduated from the Chicago College of Pharmacy, now affiliated with 
the University of Illinois. Developing a weakness of the lungs and 
happening upon a pamphlet issued by the Immigration Commissioner 
of Arizona, he came directly to Phoenix in February, 1888, and 
under the influence of Arizona air and sunshine and out of door 
life he soon regained health and vigor. His first Arizona dollar was 
earned by irrigating a young forest of cottonwoods planted under 
desert land entry. This was very soon after supplemented by others 
received for a good crop of beans, sweet potatoes and tomatoes planted 
by his own hands. During this first year in the Salt River Valley 
he frequently packed his blankets from one job of work to another, 
sleeping, if night overtook him, under a tree by the canal side, or 
resting "never so sweetly" on the hay in a Phoenix corral. In an 
endeavor to remain out of the drug business he was successively cook 
to farm hands, tender of bees on a bee ranch, carpenter at $2.50 per 
day, and adjuster of collars and neckties upon a p'air of mules, and 
from the latter job he was "fired" for physical and mechanical dis- 
ability. By this time, the September sun being too ardent for 
enjoyable exercise out of doors, he obtained steady employment with 
the late Don Charles T. Hayden, of Tempe, as clerk in general mer- 
chandise. In November of this first year in Arizona he was visited 
by the lady to whom he had become engaged before leaving England, 
and after a happy renewal of courtship days they were married at 
Phoenix on December 16th by Rev. Dr. Pearson, one of the first 
incumbents of the Episcopal Church at Phoenix. Mrs. Brisley is a 
lineal descendant of Sir Edward Pinchon, who, about 1575, was a 
prominent figure in her native county of Essex, and a monument in 
his honor is today a work of art adorning one of the old churches of 
the country side. One of his immediate descendants became one of the 
settlers of Springfield, Massachusetts, and his name has been given 
to one of its streets and one of its banks. In 1889 Mr. and Mrs. 
Brisley removed to Prescott, purchased an interest in a pharmacy, 
and have resided there since, excepting during two or three visits 
made to their home land. Two children have blessed their union 
Mabel Evelyn, aged 20, and Harold Roy, aged 17. On locating at 
Prescott, one of Mr. Brisley's first acts was to take out full citizen- 
ship papers, and a number of years later, on the formation of a local 
militia company, believing it to be the duty and privilege of every 
able-bodied man to have military training for the organized support 
of his country, he joined as one of the rank and file, served a term 
of three years, gained the badge of a marksman, and enjoyed the 
experience of acting as a unit of a fighting machine, marching shoulder 
to shoulder with mighty good comrades. Being one of the earliest 
graduated and registered druggists in Arizona, he was for several 
years the sole representative here of the American Pharmacuetical 
Association. On the passage of the Pharmacy Act, he was appointed 



IX ARIZ X A 



4-17 



a member of the first Board of Pharmacy by Governor Brodie, and 
acted as examiner in chemistry under three governors, until the 
present time. He is a registered pharmacist in Illinois, Minnesota 
and Arizona. Mr. Brisley is a member of the Masonic, Odd Fellows, 
Fraternal Brotherhood and Mystic Circle Lodges, while in the St. 
Luke's Church, Prescott, he has served for several years as Treasurer 
and Junior Warden. 




William Morgan 

WILLIAM MORGAN, member of the Sheep Sanitary Commission, 
is one of the most conspicuous examples of self-made man to be found 
in Arizona. He was born in Chicago August 11, 1857, and lived 
there until he was eighteen years old. Mr. Morgan's entire 
education was received in the public schools of that city, but having 
lost his father at an early age, he began earning his livelihood when 
quite a boy. His first position was as messenger boy, and later he 
was employed for several years in the stock yards about the city. 
When eighteen he went to Texas and for two years was employed 
herding sheep near San Antonio. In October, 1879, he came to 
Arizona and located at Show Low, then in Apache County, where he 
was again employed as sheep herder for several years, when he en- 



448 



WHO S WHO 



gaged in the sheep business for himself, and with exceptional success. 
Since, he has devoted practically his entire life to this industry. Mr. 
Morgan is well qualified for a place on the Sheep Sanitary Com- 
mission, and his suprior judgment in matters brought before them 
should be an invaluable aid. Mr. Morgan has been a life-long Dem- 
ocrat, and has filled a number of important political positions locally, 
and in the County and State. He w r as first Justice of the Peace for 
four years, and has served as Supervisor of Navajo County seven and 
one-half years, having been first appointed to the office and subse- 
quently elected to succeed himself. In the Territorial Legislature 
he served two terms in the Assembly and one term in the Council 
from Navajo, and in each session was a member of important com- 
mittees and proved an effective worker. He w T as also a member of 
the Constitutional Convention. Personally Mr. Morgan is generous 
and public spirited, a valued member of society, and has made hosts 
of friends throughout Arizona. 




Charles B. Keppler 

CHARLES B. KEPPLER, Chief Deputy to Sheriff John Patty of 
Greenlee County, was born in San Angelo, Texas, July 2, 1877. He 
was reared and educated in New Mexico, however, as the family re- 
moved there when Charles was but a small boy. His first occupa- 
tion was mining and prospecting, which he followed in both New 
Mexico and Arizona, and in this State he has also been interested in 



IN ARIZONA 



449 



ranching. Mr. Keppler came to Arizona and located in what is 
now Greenlee County, in 1893. In 1902 Sheriff Parks appointed 
him one of his deputies, and until 1908 he was thus employed, having 
during this time made a record that can scarcely be excelled for 
ability, keenness and perseverance. During the term of Sheriff 
English, Mr. Keppler returned to ranching, but when John D. Patty 
was elected Sheriff of the County, he appointed Mr. Keppler his chief 
deputy, despite the fact that Sheriff Patty was elected on the Repub- 
lican ticket, and Mr. Keppler is a consistent Democrat. The ap- 
pointment was made February 15, Statehood Day. One of the feats 
which has been notable in Deputy Sheriff Keppler's career is the trail- 
ing of the men who killed two deputies, the chase having included a 
large part of New Mexico before he succeeded in capturing them. 
He has practically been in charge of the field work In the county dur- 
ing this administration. Air. Keppler is a member of trie Eagles and 
the W. O. W. He was married April 14, 1913, to Miss Dona C. 
George, of Carlsbad, New T Mexico, and they make their home in 
Clifton. 



LEO FREDERICK VERKAMP, Secretary of the Hart Cattle Company 
and Tyler Sheep Company, is one of the most thorough cattle and 
sheep men in Arizona today. For several years he was with Babbitt 
Brothers, of Flagstaff, holding positions in various capacities, and is 
now one of the firm's financial advisers. Mr. Verkamp also has an 
interest in the Flagstaff Lumber Company. He was born in Cincin- 
nati in 1879, where his father, Gerhard Verkamp, was one of that 
city's old-time merchants. Gerhard Verkamp came to this country 
without means when but a boy, and at the time of his death had reared 
a family of eleven children, and by dint of his own effort had become a 
thoroughly successful business man. His industry, ability and in- 
tegrity have been passed on in a notable degree in the members of his 
family, especially in his sons, John and Leo. Leo Verkamp was 
educated in Cincinnati, and graduated from the St. Xavier's Jesuit 
College with a B. A. degree. When only tw y enty-five he was elected 
mayor of Flagstaff by a large majority, and administered the affairs 
of the city as he would those of an individual, giving a clean, economic 
administration, although the youngest mayor in the country. He is 
an active Republican, and deeply interested in the affairs of his party, 
and for two terms has been chairman of the Central Committee of 
Coconino County. He is also prominent in fraternal life, a member 
of the Knights of Columbus, Elks and Eagles. He is an able after 
dinner talker, and w T ell known as one of the best toastmasters within 
the State. Genial of disposition, a good mixer and a man of much 
experience, Leo Verkamp is favorably known throughout the South- 
west. His present home is in Flagstaff, where three of his sisters are 
the wives of three of the well known Babbitt family. 



450 



WHO S \V H O 



W. S. McKNiGHT, Sheriff of Santa Cruz County, is one of the 
best known peace officials in the state, even though he has been in 
office less than two years and is serving his first term. His work in the 
capture of the border sneak thieves and shop lifters at Nogales and 

the capture of many 
hundreds of dollars 
worth of their plunder 
gave him prominence 
among the officials of 
the entire state. He 
was born on an Illinois 
farm and educated in 
the common schools of 
Illinois. In 1887 he 
came to Arizona and 
has been here ever 
since, having been a 
resident of Santa Cruz 
County when that 
county was cut off 
from Pima. He has 
had a variety of occu- 
pations, as cowboy, 
miner, rancher, and in 
fact in almost every 
line of business, and he 
brought to his present 
position a great fund 
of experience, as well 

as wide knowledge of the County and State, which were of valuable 
aid in his official capacity. Sheriff McKnight is the son of William 
P. and Eva Buck McKnight, both of whom were born and raised in 
Illinois, his ancestors having been pioneers of the state. He married 
Geneva Villa, a member of one of the best known families of Cali- 
fornia. To the union have been born nine children, eight of whom 
<re living, five sons and three daughters. During his twenty-fiv* 
years' residence in Arizona Sheriff McKnight has made a large circle 
of friends, and demonstrated his immense popularity by polling the 
largest number of votes of any member of the official family in the 
county. He takes an active part in the social, fraternal and civic life 
of the community. He is a member of the A. O. U. W. and the Odd 
Fellows. Importuned to seek the office by his friends, he accepted 
against his will, but once in the fight made a thorough campaign of 
the county, and since assuming the duties of the office has performed 
the work in a manner which has been most satisfactory to all except 
the law breakers of the county. 




IN ARIZONA 



JOSEPH WILEY AKER, Superintendent of the Schools of Greenlee 
County, was born in Grant County, Va., July 7, 1881. His father, 
A. D. Aker, died the next year, leaving five children who were soon 

forced to support and 
educate themselves with 
the aid of a devoted 
mother. Their efforts 
in this respect have been 
well rewarded, as two 
of his brothers are suc- 
cessful ministers and the 
remaining one a teacher. 
Their only sister died at 
an early age. When but 
1 7 years old, Wiley Akei 
joined the 4th Tennes- 
see Volunteers and spent 
four months in active 
service in Cuba. Hav- 
ing been mustered out he 
returned to his home, 
and proceeded to the coal 
fields of West Virginia, 
where he was employed 
until in 1901 in a wreck 
he lost his right hand 
and right foot. The fol- 
lowing September he be- 
gan attending school at Princeton, W. Va., continued studying and 
in 1906 was graduated with a B. S. degree from Emory & Henry Col- 
lege. He next went to Lordsburg, N. M., where he served three 
years as minister of the M. E. Church, and was married to Rae 
Miller, a music teacher of that town. In 1909 he took charge of 
the M. E. Church at Clifton, Arizona, and when Greenlee County 
was organized in 1910, he was elected to the position he now holds, 
when he resigned his work in the ministry. For the present term 
he was elected by a large majority. Mr. Aker helped make the first 
school law of the State, and at a meeting of school officials at Tucson 
in 1912 was made a member of the committee to get up a course in 
moral instruction for the pupils of the State. Mr. Aker is deeply 
interested in school work. He is also author of several short stories, 
and one book of fiction, which is now in course of publication in New 
York City. His family consists of three sons, Malcome M., Cecil E. 
and Greenlee M. Mr. and Mrs. Aker are interested workers in 
all church and educational affairs. 




452 



W H O S WHO 



ALVAN W. HOWE, Deputy Sheriff of Cochise County, though not 
a native of Arizona, has been a resident of Dear Old Cochise since 
he was but eight years old, when the family removed to the Territory. 
While still a young man, he is one of the oldest peace officers in point 
of service in Arizona, and has taken more people to the penitentiary 
and to the insane asylum than any other officer in the State. Mr. 
Howe was born in Chicago November 25, 1873, and October 8, 1881, 
landed in Tombstone. His parents, Henry G. and Louise Willett 




Allie Howe 



Howe, were among the pioneers of Tombstone, and the former was 
for many years Surveyor of Cochise County. A mining and civil 
engineer by profession, he practiced in Arizona many years, and helped 
in the location of many of the greatest mines. The first daily paper 
started in Bisbee, The Daily Orb, was the property of Allie Howe, 
and later being consolidated with The Review, became one of the 
strongest papers in Arizona. After having completed the course !n 
the public schools of Arizona, Allie went to Pomona College, where 
he spent three years taking a special course. He has held numerous 
positions in the court house, but is best known as a Deputy Sheriff, 
having held a commission under every Sheriff during the past seven- 
teen years. Mr. Howe was married at Bisbee in July, 1902, to Miss 
Ella Sheppard, a native of San Francisco, whose parents had moved 
to that place. They make their home in Tombstone. 



IN ARIZONA 



453 



THOMAS M. WILLS, chairman of the Board of Supervisors of Final 
County, is one of the pioneers whose energetic career has done so much 
to make Arizona one of the greatest states in the union. His father 
was Harrison Roland Wills and his mother Rachel Elizabeth Gann. 
Thomas Wills was born January 17, 1866, in Mariposa County, Cali- 
fornia, but when he w r as very young the family moved to Bakersfield, 
California, where his father engaged in the stock business and became 
prominent on account of his business qualifications and his strong per- 




Thomas M. Wills 



sonality. Thomas Wills was educated in California, and coming to 
Arizona July 5, 1883, he settled in Agua Caliente. He lived there 
about a year, then moved to San Pedro, where he has since lived, ex- 
cept for a short time in 1892 when he was with the Arizona Charley 
Wild West Show, which started for the World's Fair in Chicago and 
was a big advertisement for Arizona. Soon after coming to this state 
Wills became a stockman and rancher and has succeeded until today 
he is one of the big men in his line in the state. He was almost 
forced into public life and in 1900 was elected for a two years' term as 
supervisor. At the end of this term he was elected for a four year 



454 



\V H S WHO 



term as sheriff. He was afterward elected twice for a four year term 
as supervisor and during two years of the first term was chairman of 
the board, which position he now fills. In 1910 he was elected to the 
Constitutional Convention. Mr. Wills is a member of Tucson Lodge 
No. 385 of the Elks, being one of the oldest members of this order in 
the state. He is also a 32nd degree Mason and a member of the 
Mystic Shrine. In 1895 Mr. Wills married Miss Elizabeth C. 
Chamberlain. 



A. J. HEAD, pioneer of Hassayampa, and president of Head Lum- 
ber Company, has cut more timber in Arizona than any other one 
man. He is not only a builder by profession but a constructor 
through force of habit. He was one of the first mill men in Arizona, 
having come here by stage in 1876. He comes of a line of machin- 
ists, brought to Arizona considerable experience as a mill man, and 
when the great mills were started at Hassayampa was foreman of the 
Clark and Adams mills for several years. He was born on an Ala- 
bama plantation in 1848, and having attended little country district 
schools, his educational advantages were very limited. His father 
died at Mobile in the Confederate Army in 1864. He continued to 
work on the cotton plantation until 1870, when he engaged in saw 
mill work with his uncle in the southern part of the state, and for 
six years continued to work in and about saw mills in Alabama and 
Florida. He left Florida in June, 1876, and arrived in Prescott, 
August 4th, where his first job was making hay with a hoe near 
Camp Verde for government post, after which he carried a hod for one 
week, and moulded brick for one month, when he secured work at his 
regular occupation, as head sawyer in a saw mill, and has been in that 
and lumber business since, except frcm 1886 to 1890, when he was 
postmaster of Prescott. During this time he bought a 'ranch, improved 
it, and sold it at a good profit. He built the Prescott postoffice building, 
as well as many other notable buildings in the city, and is owner of 
the Head Hotel, a theater and much other valuable property. The 
Head Hotel, Prescott, which is conducted mainly by Mrs. Head, is 
one of the most thoroughly comfortable in Arizona. The rooms are 
large, airy and well kept, and each one has running water both hot and 
cold. It is conveniently and pleasantly located, and is consequently 
one of the most popular hotels in the section for permanent or tran- 
sient trade. Mrs. Head, who prior to her marriage in 1884, was Miss 
Susie Tigh, is a native of Wisconsin. She was well known as a pio- 
neer of the territory and was known throughout Arizona as one of 
the first teachers at Ash Fork and one of the best educated w r omen in 
the territory. She is a graduate of the State Normal School at Platte- 
ville, Wisconsin. They have one daughter, Viva, who has been gradu- 
ated from the New England Conservatory of Music, Boston, and has 
been in Europe for the past two years studying grand opera. 



[ N ARIZONA 



455 



ANDREW THOMPSON HAMMONS, cashier of the Old Dominion 
Commercial Company, of Globe, Arizona, was born in Angelina 
County, Texas, March 7, 1868. In 1877, his father, J. T. Hammons, 
an attorney of note, removed to Eastland County, Texas. Here he 

was elected Judge of the Coun- 
ty Court by popular vote, and 
served in this capacity for six 
years. Judge Hammons was an 
excellent pleader and public 
speaker, and was generally ac- 
knowledged the leading orator 
of Northwest Texas. Among 
his admirers he was mentioned 
for U. S. Senator. He is still 
living in Texas, but being ad- 
vanced in age, has retired to 
private life. Andrew Thomp- 
son Hammons was elected Clerk 
of the District Court of his 
county at the age of 21 years, 
and held this office for three suc- 
cessive terms. He came to 
Globe, Arizona, in the spring of 
1900 and immediately went to 
work in the Old Dominion 
Mines, where for two years he 
served in various capacities, 
from mucker to ore sorter, and 
when he left the mines he rank- 
ed as an expert on the ores of 
the district. In the fall of 1902 
he was appointed cashier of The 
Old Dominion Commercial 
Company, one of the largest 
banking and commercial com- 
panies in Arizona, and has been 
in their employ continuously 
from that time. In addition to attending to the duties of his position 
as cashier, he is at the present time acting as assistant to the general 
manager, Governor George W. P. Hunt, and during the absence of 
Governor Hunt made necessary by his duties at the capitol, Mr. 
Hammons has assumed entire charge of the affairs of the corporation. 
He is also a heavy stockholder in various mining enterprises, and 
president of the Manitou Hill Copper Company and the Five Points 
Copper Mining Company. As a business man Mr. Hammons has 
been a thorough success from every viewpoint and is held in highest 
esteem among the public with whom he has dealt for more than 




\V H()S W H O 



twenty years, having by his integrity, veracity and firmness won their 
implicit confidence. He has ever chosen to retrace a false step rather 
than pursue a shadow, and this is probably the keynote of his success, 
material and otherwise, and has undoubtedly enabled him to get 
ahead. Socially Mr. Hammons stands in the front ranks. He has 
attained the highest degree in Freemasonry, is a member of the Odd 
Fellow, Knights of Pythias and Elks, in all of which he is promi- 
nently known. Politically he is a Progressive Democrat, a great ad- 
mirer of Champ Clark and the principles which he advocates, and has 
been a member of the Democratic Central Committee for the past 
eight years, having served as chairman of that committee for two 
terms. Mrs. Hammons, who was Miss Harriet A. Baker, of Onar- 
ga, 111., is also well and favorably known in Globe, where she takes a 
prominent part in church and social matters. She is the daughter of 
Colonel H. P. Baker, who went to Illinois from the East in the early 
"Go-West" days and became the owner of prairie land that is today 
worth many times its original cost, and has proven a very profitable 
investment for Colonel Baker. Mr. and Mrs. Hammons have two 
daughters, Edith and Dorothy. Miss Edith has been attending an 
eastern seminary from which she is about to graduate as valedictorian 
of her class; and Miss Dorothy is attending the high school of Globe, 
their home town, preparatory to taking an advanced course in the east. 



Vic E. HANNY, whose slogan, "//' you don't knoic fie Hanny you 
ought to," has made the originator one of the best known figures in 
Arizona, and his unique methods of advertising, in which catchy slo- 
gans dealing with common sense and backed up by honest methods and 
fair values has made his store one of the best known and most popular 
men's clothing and furnishing stores in the state. Mr. Hanny arrived 
in Phoenix about a quarter of a century ago, but soon left for Tucson. 
He came to Arizona with plenty of confidence, a pleasing personality 
and a determination to make a success of the clothing business, and to 
this end worked in various capacities, including salesman, clerk and 
drummer, having covered Arizona on the road for several years, mak- 
ing acquaintances and a reputation as a booster. He was first associ- 
ated in Tucson with Harry A. Drachman in the shoe business, and 
later in the firm of Brannen & Hanny. That his confidence in his 
ability to make good was well founded has been proven by the fact 
that he has now one of the finest stores of its kind in the Southwest, 
and a business that is growing. Vic Hanny received his education 
mainly by contact with the world and in the school of experience. Al- 
though he enjoys a large acquaintance and many friends in the many 
cities in which he has resided, he has never held any public office. As 
member of the Pima County Republican Central Committee, he took 
a prominent part in politics, but the urging of his friends and the im- 
portuning of the party leaders were futile in their efforts to have him 



IN A R I X O X A 



457 



accept a nomination for office. "Vic" Hanny is a charter member of 
Phoenix Lodge 335, B. P. O. E., and the founder of Tucson Lodge 
385, having been chosen as Exalted Ruler of that organization in 
1903. He is a life member of the order. He is also a member of 
Arizona Consistory No. 1, Tucson, and El Zaribah Temple A. A. O. 
N. M. S. He was born in Cairo, 111., September 26, 1873, and mar- 




Vic Hanny 

ried in Buffalo, N. Y., to Miss Alice Hughes, daughter of John 
Hughes, one of the best known men of that city. He was one of 
President McKinley's party w T hen the President was shot. Mr. 
Hanny's home is in Phoenix, where he takes a prominent part in the 
life of the city. They have three children, John Hughes, Florence 
Mary and Alice Gaither. A booster by nature, an Arizona booster 
from conviction, of genial disposition and enjoying a large circle of 
friends, this well known merchant is on the road to success, but all his 
prosperity he attributes to advertising, and not a week passes that he 
does not let the people hear something about lie Hanny, u'fio sells 
furnishings and clothes for men. 



458 



W H O S \V H O 



ROBERT L. PINYAN, chief of police of Globe, Arizona, and assessor 
and tax collector ex-officio, is a native of Arkansas, having been born 
at Pea Ridge, in 1869. He is the son of George W. and Nancy Daw- 
son Pinyan. Mr. Pinyan was educated in the common schools of Ar- 

kansas and Colorado. He came to 

Arizona in 1900, located at Globe 
and commenced work as a miner 
with the United Globe Mining 
Company. He showed such marked 
ability that he was promoted several 
times and held the position of fore- 
man when he was appointed chief of 
police. After having served a short 
term by appointment he announced 
himself as a candidate in the primary 
election, and from a field of nine re- 
ceived a large majority, his work 
having been so satisfactory that the 
business and professional men of the 
town united and worked for his elec- 
tion. He is chairman of the board of 
school trustees, and will have charge 
of the erection of a high school with- 
in the next year. During his term 
of office the improvements in the 
Globe city schools have been marked 
and the system at the present time is 
considered one of the best in the 
state. Chief Pinyan is not only one 

of the ablest officers in the state and leader in the civic life of Globe, 
but is also prominent in fraternal circles, being a member of the Elks 
and Mystic Circle. He was united in marriage with Miss Ellen Bal- 
mear, of Animas City, Colorado, and to the union have been born four 
bright and interesting children, two boys, Charles and Leslie, and two 
girls, Ruth and Sunshine. 




TRAVELERS in Northern Arizona no longer dread the trip to St. 
Johns, as the Holbrook and Springerville Stage line, on which three 
Stanley Steamers are used, is now rated as one of the best in the 
Southwest, and the ride is considered a pleasure. The automobiles 
leave Holbrook daily, making the trip one way, each day, while an 
extra car is kept in reserve at all times. The route is through Wood- 
ruff, Hunt, Concho and St. Johns to Springerville. The machines 
are in the hands of competent drivers, who are also mechanicians and 
the old fear of an accident loses its terror on the new line. Parks 
Brothers, who control the line, have spared no expense to make the 



ARIZONA 



459 



service first class and throughout the state the reputation they have 
established by the manner in which they conduct the line is enviable. 
The automobile leaves the Holbrook Hotel every day at 9 :30 a. m. 
and arrives in Springerville before supper time. The roads have been 
put into good condition and the trip, often taken by tourists as a re- 
creation, is becoming more* popular with continued success. The low 
rate, $13.00 for the round trip, makes the trip one of the cheapest of 
its kind in the state, and the lack of railroad connections to the county 
seat of Apache is but little missed at present. 



BENJAMIN BROWN, live stock dealer and real estate man, has with- 
out doubt handled more cattle and sheep than any other man in 
Northern Arizona, during the 32 years he has been in the state, 
having come here in 1880. He not only handles many sheep and 

cattle but has also been active in 
the handling of ranches and other 
real estate. Three brothers came 
to Holbrook, spent the winter 
along the Colorado and later mov- 
ed south. Mr. Brown then went to 
Nutrioso in the spring of 1881, 
started in the cattle and lumber 
business and has been actively en- 
gaged in different pursuits since 
that time. He brought the first 
sawmill to the head of the Colo- 
rado River, hauling it in from 
Utah with teams. He manufac- 
tured lumber for a score of years 
and after he retired his descend- 
ants took up the business and are 
still engaged in the work. He is 
the father of nine children, eight 
girls and one son, eight of whom 
are living, and Mr. Brown is the 
grandfather of 35 grandchildren, 
and nine great-grandchildren. Al- 
though nearly three score and ten 
Mr. Brown is hale and hearty 
and still as active as his grand- 
children. His parents, Mr. and 

Mrs. Lorenzo Brown, crossed the plains with the Mormon caravan 
in 1848, and after having played an active part in the development of 
the state of Utah, came to Arizona, where both died several years 
ago. They were both exiled with other members of their faith from 
Nauvoo, 111., in the early forties, Mr. Brown being but a babe when 




460 



\V It O S WHO 



the colony was expelled. Although without political aspiration, he 
has often been urged to accept political offices, hut preferred to attend 
to his home duties, and the different enterprises to which he gave 
attention, but he has been a power in the Democratic party. 



M. C. HANKINS, mayor of the City of Douglas, was born in Cald- 
well County, Texas, August 5, 1877, and is the son of Lola G. and 
John M. Hankins. His parents having been in moderate circum- 
stances, he received his education entirely in the public schools and at 

the age of sixteen, was com- 
pelled to begin earning his 
own living. His first posi- 
tion was with a general mer- 
cantile establishment near his 
home, with whom he remain- 
ed seven years. In Decem- 
ber, 1900', he left for Ari- 
zona and landed in Bisbee. 
Having been unable to secure 
employment in his accustom- 
ed line, he took a position 
with the Copper Queen Com- 
pany at the smelter, and has 
been in their employ almost 
continuously since that time. 
He now holds the position of 
assistant foreman of the re- 
duction works at Douglas. 
Air. Hankins has always 
been an interested worker in 
political matters for his party 
but has never held an elec- 
tive position, having been ap- 
pointed to his present position of mayor to fill the unexpired term of 
J. H. Baker, resigned. He is also County Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Central Committee, and these constitute the only political hon- 
ors ever bestowed upon him. Mr. Hankins is also actively interested 
in fraternal affairs, is a member of the Elks, Odd Fellows, and Wood- 
men of the World, and has held the position of Council Commander 
of the latter association. He is married and has one daughter, Lola 
Emma Hankins. 

THE ARIZONA LUMBER & TIMBER COMPANY is one of Northern 
Arizona's largest and most notable industries which emerged from an 
enterprise whose history is the history of Flagstaff, and dates back to 
the year 1882. In that year Edward Aver, of Chicago, began to build 
a mill there. The Aver Lumber Company was soon formed, but was 




IN ARIZONA 



later disposed of to D. M. Riordan, who carried on the business under 
the title of The Arizona Lumber Company. In July, 1887, this mill 
in the wilderness was destroyed by fire, but the capital and enterprise 
behind the new management were soon manifested, order was evolved 
out of chaos, and a new and improved mill erected on the old site. 
The title of the company was then changed to The Arizona Lumber 
& Timber Company. Under the new conditions a decided increase of 
business resulted and their success was continuous until 1898, when 
another fire occasioned extremely heavy losses during their busiest sea- 
son. Once again, however, negotiations were entered into for the re- 
building of the plant, the plans for the new one aiming to make it the 
finest sawmill in the West and one of the most complete in the world, 
in the construction of which every known precaution against fire was 
taken. Since the completion of this modern plant, the business of the 
company has continued to increase and its trade now extends not only 
throughout Arizona but through the adjacent territory in the United 
States and Mexico. The Arizona Lumber & Timber Company also 
owns and controls the Central Arizona Railroad Company, through 
ownership of stock. In addition to the lumber business the members 
of the company are also interested in stock raising. 



CHARLES A. GREENL^W, manager of the Greenlaw Lumber Com- 
pany, of Flagstaff, w T as born at St. Stephens, New Brunswick, in 
1855, but was reared and educated in the State of Maine, where the 
family removed when he was very young. Brought up in the midst 
of a purely lumber country, he became thoroughly familiar with every 
detail of the business, and was thereby fitted in a practical way for his 
present position. Mr. Greenlaw went to Minneapolis in 1877, where 
he was engaged in lumber business for three years, when he moved 
further west and lumbered on the divide in Colorado. He came to 
Flagstaff in 1882, before the railroad was run through, and for sev- 
eral years was identified with the Ayer Lumber Company, but in 1886 
he formed a partnership with his brother, E. F. Greenlaw, under the 
firm name of Greenlaw Brothers, who had a large mill and became 
contractors for the Arizona Lumber & Timber Company. From the 
firm of Greenlaw Brothers was finally evolved the present firm of 
Greenlaw Lumber Company, which is one of the most substantial and 
prosperous enterprises of its kind in the state. In politics he is 
Republican, and has served one term as member of the Board 
of Supervisors. Mr. Greenlaw is prominently known in the Masons, 
Odd Fellows and Elks. He was married in 1883 to Miss Eleanor 
Lamport, and they have one of the finest homes in Flagstaff. Their 
family consists of two sons and four daughters. The oldest son, Eben, 
is associated with the Greenlaw Lumber Company. 



462 



W H () S WHO 




Walter Douglas 



IN ARIZONA 



463 



WALTER DOUGLAS, General Manager of the Phelps, Dodge & Co. 
mining interests, was born in Quebec, Canada, December 19, 1870, 
and is the son of James and Naomi Douglas. Mr. Douglas received 
his education at Upper Canada, Morrin, and the Royal Military 
Colleges, all of Canada, and took a post graduate course in the School 
of Mines of Columbia University, New York. He came to Arizona in 
1890, when he became Engineer of the Commercial Mining Co. of 
Prescott ; in 1892 he became associated with the Consolidated Kansas 
City Smelting & Refining Co. as metallurgist, but in 1894 returned 
to Arizona and has since been associated with the Phelps, Dodge & 
Co. interests, of which he was made General Manager in 1910. Be- 
ing unable to secure proper concessions from the large railroads in 
the southwest, the interests which he represented, under his direction, 
built their own lines, the El Paso & Southwestern, the only road of 
its length that was built without a floating debt. Mr. Douglas is 
Vice President of this road ; President of the El Paso & Southwestern 
R. R. of Texas, of the Mexico & Colorado R. R., Second Vice Presi- 
dent of the El Paso & Northeastern, and is director in a number of 
enterprises in Arizona and New Mexico. He is a member of the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, American Academy of 
Political and Social Science, and the National Geographical Society. 
He is also a member of the Engineers, Rocky Mountain, Columbia 
University, and Santa Barbara and Warren District Country Clubs. 
Mr. Douglas was married in September, 1902, to Miss Edith Bell, of 
Ottawa, Canada. Their present home is Warren, Arizona, and Santa 
Barbara, California. 



STUART W. FRENCH, General Manager of the Copper Queen 
Consolidated Mining Company, has been associated with the Com- 
pany since 1899, w r hen he came to Bisbee to accept a position as As- 
sistant Superintendent. Mr. French was born in Dansville, N. Y., 
in 1867, and is the son of B. W. and Martha Brown French. Most 
of his early life was spent in Chicago, however, where his father was 
General Manager of one of the large Insurance Companies. In Chi- 
cago Mr. French attended the public schools, and prepared in the 
High School for admission to Amherst College, from which he was 
graduated in 1889. He returned then to Chicago and took a position 
with the Home Fire Insurance Company. Later he established a 
local and general agency of his own, and in partnership with others 
was engaged in the insurance business until he came to Arizona. In 
1904, when a change was instituted in the organization of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company, Mr. French w r as made As- 
sistant General Manager, and in 1910 was promoted to his present 
position. He is also an officer and director in the Improvement Com- 
panies of Bisbee and Douglas, and was one of the organizers and 



464 



WHO S W H O 




Stuart W. French 



IX A R I Z O X A 



465 



first President of the Douglas Country Club. While the interests of 
the Copper Queen demand his attention at both Bisbee and Douglas, 
Mr. French makes his home at the latter city, where both he and 
Mrs. French, formerly Miss Helen Stevison, take an active part in 
the life of the community. 



JOHX CAMPBELL GREEXWAY, general manager of the Calumet & 
Arizona Mining Company, Warren, Arizona, was born in Huntsville, 
Alabama, July 6, 1872, the son of Dr. Gilbert Christian Greenway 
and Alice (White) Greenway. He is descended of a notable line of 
Southerners, his father and grandfather having been soldiers under the 
Confederate flag. Isaac Shelby, first Governor of Kentucky, and Capt. 
John Campbell, of King's Mountain fame, are two members of the 
family whose names stand out conspicuously in the history of Colonial 
days. 

Mr. Greenway, who ranks today with the world's greatest mine 
managers, had splendid educational advantages, but to this he added 
practical experience which has fitted him for his present place in the 
mining world. He was graduated from the Episcopal High School at 
Alexandria, Virginia, then entered Andover Academy at Andover, 
Massachusetts. He attended the University of Virginia and from 
there went to Yale University, where he received his technical train- 
ing. He w T as a conspicuous figure in Yale from his freshman year, 
when he was chosen a member of the "University" football team. He 
was graduated with the degree of Ph. B. ; was voted president of his 
class, also the most popular man. He played right end on the famous 
McCormick and Hinkey football elevens of 1892 and 1893 and was 
catcher for the famous "Dutch" Carter on the Varsity baseball nines 
of those years, an athletic career which is part of the history of the 
university. 

Upon leaving college, Mr. Greenway sought to learn the practical 
side of the steel business, beginning at the very bottom. His first em- 
ployment was as helper in the Duquesne furnaces of the Carnegie Steel 
Company, where he worked for a dollar and thirty-two cents per day. 
In time he was advanced to the post of foreman of the mechanical 
department and was thus engaged when the Spanish-American war 
was declared in 1898. 

Leaving his work, he hastened alone to San Antonio, Texas, and 
there enlisted as a private in the famous Rough Rider Regiment, of 
which Theodore Roosevelt was colonel. He served throughout the 
war with his regiment, and brief though those hostilities were, was 
twice promoted, on one occasion for "bravery and gallantry in action". 
He was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and at the battle of San Juan 
Hill was advanced to First Lieutenant because of the extraordinary 
courage displayed by him in that historic engagement. He was also 
recommended to Congress by Colonel Roosevelt for the brevet of 



466 



WHO S WHO 




Captain John C. Greenway 



IN A R I Z O N A 467 

Captain. In his history of the "Rough Riders," Colonel Roosevelt 
paid a splendid tribute to Captain Greenway, referring to him as 

"A strapping fellow, entirely fearless, modest and quiet, with the 
ability to take care of the men under him so as to bring them to the 
highest point of soldierly perfection, to be counted upon with absolute 
certainty in every emergency; not only doing his duty, but always on 
the watch to find some new duty which he could construe to be his, 
ready to respond with eagerness to the slightest suggestion of doing 
something, whether it was dangerous or merely difficult and laborious." 

Returning from Cuba with a splendid war record, Greenway re- 
entered the steel business and after a year was appointed Assistant Su- 
perintendent of the United States Steel Corporation's mines at Ishpem- 
ing, Michigan. His work in this connection was of such high calibre, 
that when the Steel Corporation purchased of J. J. Hill the Great 
Northern Iron Ore lease on the Mesaba Range in Northern Minne- 
sota, he was chosen for the post of General Superintendent of the un- 
dertaking. This, by the way, was one of the most extensive opera- 
tions ever launched by the great corporation, and Mr. Greenway's 
conduct of it was a personal triumph almost as celebrated as the fa- 
mous Hill ore lands themselves. 

Going to the range in the late summer of 1906, Captain Greenway 
located the town of Coleraine on the shore of a picturesque lake and 
began the work immediately. His entire stay in that region was char- 
acterized by a perfection of organization in which regard for the hun- 
dreds of men who worked under him was mingled with a strict disci- 
pline which made the enterprise one of the great industrial successes of 
this generation. In addition to the actual work of superintending the 
operation of the plant, Captain Greenway also served as monitor of 
the town and its people. He encouraged home building, governed 
the place with an iron hand in the matter of gambling and other forms 
of dissipation and in addition, caused the installation of various utili- 
ties and numerous public conveniences. These latter included a li- 
brary, a perfectly equipped hospital, a school building costing $75,000, 
an athletic field and extensive parks. His other public services in- 
cluded his inducing the Steel Corporation to install the sewer, water 
and light systems of the town without expense to the employees. 

A writer in "The World Today," referring to him and his work on 
the Mesaba Range, characterized him : 

"A man of exemplar}' habits, who inhibits dissipation by example; 
a tireless worker, this man who does things is of that new type of 
Americans who can serve corporations and at the same time serve their 
day and generation." 

Upon the completion of his work in the Mesaba region, Captain 
Greenway, 1910, accepted the appointment as General Manager of the 
mining operations of the Calumet & Arizona Mining Company of 
Bisbee, Arizona. His offices are located at Warren, a suburb of Bis- 



468 



WHO S WHO 




P. G. Beckett 



IN ARIZONA 4>69 

bee, and in the handling of the affairs of the company he has displayed 
the same talent for effective organization and telling results that dis- 
tinguished him in his previous work. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the lustiest young 
copper giant of Arizona, now ranking as the tenth largest copper pro- 
ducer in the world and just beginning to get into its stride. The 
Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the only large copper com- 
pany in Arizona not running its own stores and railroad, considering 
it both a fair and let-live policy to leave such side issues to others. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is now building the 
most modern smelter in the world for its increasing tonnage of Bisbee 
ores, at Douglas, and under Mr. Greenway's aggressive management 
is acquiring additional properties of promise in many Arizona camps. 

In addition to his professional work, Captain Greenway has taken 
an active personal interest in public affairs and while he has never 
been a seeker for public office, has been a steadfast supporter of Colonel 
Roosevelt in political matters. The two men became close personal 
friends during their army days and this has lasted, growing steadily 
stronger. 

Mr. Greenway was one of the sponsors of the National Progres- 
sive Party and was one of the self-constituted committee which 
brought that party into being by inviting and personally escorting 
Colonel Roosevelt to the Progressive National Convention held in 
Orchestra Hall, in Chicago in June, 1912. 

He was nominated by the Progressive Party as presidential elector 
of the State of Arizona, was a member of the Board of Regents of the 
University of Arizona, is President of the Yale Alumni Association of 
Arizona, President of the Warren District Country Club and a 
member of the Sons of the American Revolution. 



PERCY GORDON BECKETT, general manager of the Old Dominion 
Copper Mining & Smelting Co., Globe, Arizona, is a mining engineer 
of much ability and varied experience. He was born in Quebec, Can- 
ada, in 1882, and came to Arizona in 1904, and for two years was 
employed by the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company in 
their engineering department at Bisbee. In 1906 he went to the 
Phelps Dodge Sierra de Cobre property at Cananea, Mexico, where he 
remained for one year, and then went to South America as mine super- 
intendent of the Capillitas Copper Company of Argentine, spent one 
year in this position and returning to Bisbee, re-entered the employ of 
the Copper Queen. In 1909 and 1910 he was superintendent for the 
Phelps Dodge Company at Courtland, Arizona, of properties which 
that company held under option, and the following year again went 
to Bisbee to accept a position as assistant superintendent of the mine 
department at the Copper Queen mine. In August, 1912, Mr. 
Beckett was appointed to his present position, and has since made his 
headquarters at Globe. 



470 



\V H S W H O 




Grant H. Dowell 



[ N A R I Z () X A 471 

GRANT H. DOWELL, Assistant General Manager of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company, was born in Lexington, 111., 
in 1866, and is the son of Alanley and Julia Good Dowell. Mr. 
Dowell was educated in the public schools and prepared to teach, to 
which profession he devoted ten years, mostly in Kansas. He then 
took a position as private secretary to Mr. H. R. Simpson, General 
Manager of the El Paso Smelting Works. His next move was to 
Douglas, where he took a position with his present employers as 
metallurgical accountant and ore buyer, and from there he went to 
Globe to act as superintendent of the Old Dominion Copper Com- 
pany. From the beginnirg Mr. Dowell's efforts in this particular 
line of work have been attended with success in such a degree as to 
receive the marked appreciation of his employers, as each move has 
been an advancement along the line, and his present position, Assist- 
ant General Marager, is one for which is selected only the man 
capable of showing results in the handling of the many intricate 
questions attendant upon the responsible position which he holds. 
Mr. Dowell is a Mason and a man of public spirit, interested in civic 
and political matters, but not aggressively so. He was married in 
1898 to Miss Anna B. Davidson of Eureka, Kansas. They have one 
daughter, Isabel Ruth. 



GERALD FITZ GERALD SHERMAN, superintendent mine department, 
Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company, was born at Milton, 
Ulster County, N. Y., November 9, 1871. His parents were John 
and Elizabeth Hallock Sherman. In 1883 Mr. Sherman's parents 
removed to Boise City, Idaho, where his father was engaged in irri- 
gation work, and there he attended the public schools for several years. 
In 1887 he went to Butte, Montana, for a year as rodman of con- 
struction party of the Montana Union Railway engaged in building 
extensions and spurs to the various mines. For a year or two after 
that he was engaged at intervals as instrument man on various irriga- 
tion surveys, including six months as level man on the irrigation 
branch of the U. S. Geological Survey. From 1890 to 1894 he at- 
tended the School of Mines at Columbia University, and in the latter 
year was graduated as Civil Engineer. He then served one year as 
Assistant Engineer on the construction of the Owhyee Land & Irrigat- 
ing Company's canal in Owyhee County, Idaho, and from that time 
until April, 1896, was engaged in private practice, which included the 
gauging of streams for the U. S. Geological Survey in Western Idaho 
and Eastern Oregon. In the latter year he went to Grass Valley, 
California, where, for three and one-half years he worked as clerk, as- 
sayer, mill superintendent, and assistant superintendent for the Origi- 
nal Empire Mill & Mining Company; and for the succeeding four 
and one-half years w r as employed by the North Star Mines Company 
of the same district, most of the time as assistant superintendent. In 



472 



WHO S WHO 




Gerald F. Sherman 



1904 he removed to Bisbee and entered the employ of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company in immediate charge of the 
mines, and has since been promoted to his present position, in charge 
of their mine department. Mr. Sherman married Miss Lucy Huntoon. 



ROBERT RAE, auditor for Phelps, Dodge & Co., was born in Glas- 
gow, Scotland, in 1871, and is the son of John Broadfoot and Mar- 
garet Tweed Rae. Mr. Rae was reared and educated in Scotland, 
having attended the public schools of Glasgow, and his first position 
was with a real estate firm in his native city. He came to America in 
1891, located in New York City, and secured a position with the 
"New York Herald" as accountant in the business office. He later 
became associated with Messrs. Cuthbert, Menzies & Co., Certified 
Public Accountants of New York. His next position was with the 
Phelp->Dodge interests in New York City, and in 1900 he was sent to 
Morenci to enter the employ of the Detroit Copper Mining Company 
of Arizona, one of their many holdings in this state. There he re- 



IN ARIZONA 



473 




Robert Rae 

mained for one and one-half years, when he was appointed traveling 
auditor for the Company, which position he held until six years ago, 
when he was promoted to the position he now holds and which he fills 
with eminent satisfaction. Mr. Rae is a specialist in his line of work, 
a man of sound principles, liberal minded, and held in very high regard 
by those with whom he associates in both business and social affairs. 
He was married November 4, 1903, to Miss Anna Tuthill. They 
have one little daughter, Margaret Tweed Rae, and make their home 
in Douglas. Mr. Rae is a member of the Masonic order and a 
director of the Country Club of Douglas. 



FOREST RUTHERFORD, Superintendent of the Reduction Works 
of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company, was born in 
Montreal, Canada, March 24, 1871. His parents are William and 
Elizabeth Jackson Rutherford. Mr. Rutherford was educated in 
the public schools and later graduated from McGill University, 
Montreal, as Mining Engineer, in 1896. For two years subsequent 
to this he was employed by the Pueblo Smelting and Refining Com- 



474 



W HO S WHO 



pany, of Pueblo, Colorado, when he went to Monterey, Mexico, in 
the employ of the Guggenheim interests, where he remained but one 
year, having been appointed at that time Chief Chemist, and six 
months afterwards Assistant Superintendent of their plant at Aguas 
Calientes, Mexico. This position he retained until 1903, when he 
entered the employ of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Corn- 




Forest Rutherford 



pany as Assistant Superintendent of Reduction Works. Here the 
valuable experience he had acquired in previous positions was used 
to so great an advantage and his unvarying application to the affairs 
of the Company gave him so complete a mastery of detail that his 
years of service as Assistant Superintendent met with the sincere ap- 
proval of his employers. On July 1, 1912, he was promoted to the 
position of Superintendent, a most substantial testimonial of appre- 
ciation of his efforts. Mr. Rutherford is one of the best known 
citizens of Douglas, a man who is willing to perform his share in 
the affairs of his community, and a member of the Masonic order. 



f N ARIZONA 



475 




George Kingdon 



GEORGE KINGDON, who has recently severed his connections in 
Globe to accept a position as general superintendent of the Cananea 
Consolidated Copper Company, at Cananea, Sonora, has been asso- 
ciated with mining development in Arizona for many years. From 
1^07 until his recent resignation he has been superintendent of the 
United Globe Mines, assistant superintendent of the Old Dominion 
Mining & Smelting Company, and superintendent of the Old Domin- 
ion Mine. He was born in Devonshire, England, in 1867, came to 
America with an older brother when but a boy, and for several years 
worked in various positions in the East. Mr. Kingdon, although not 
continuously a resident of Globe since he first came to Arizona in 
1883, has been identified with mining operations in this district for 
twenty-five years, in the employ of the Old Dominion and United 
Globe Copper Companies. In 1883, when the importance of discov- 
ery of copper at Bisbee had become generally known Mr. Kingdon 
came to Arizona and for three years divided his time between Bisbee 
and Tombstone. He came to Globe in 1886 and was in the employ of 



476 WHO'S WHO 

the Old Dominion and Phelps Dodge interests until 1898, when he 
went to Hanover, near Silver City, N. M., where the Phelps Dodge 
Company had undertaken the development of a copper property. He 
remained there until 1900 when he was transferred to Picacho, So- 
nora, to operate a gold mine owned by the same company, and from 
which he shipped eight cars of ore that netted the company $135,000. 
In 1901 he went to Nacozari and took charge of the development of 
the Moctezuma mine, where he remained until called back to Globe 
to direct the mine work for the Old Dominion and United Globe 
Companies. He has been there ever since and has been eminently 
successful in the development of both properties. Mr. Kingdon was 
united in marriage with Miss Maude Kenyon, a descendant of one of 
the pioneer families of the Southwest, her father, Charles Kenyon, 
being one of the best known figures of the pioneer days of Arizona. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kingdon have just returned from an extensive Euro- 
pean trip. Both are well known in the social and fraternal life of the 
state. Mr. Kingdon is a Mason, while Mrs. Kingdon holds an im- 
portant position in the Eastern Star. Throughout the Southwest, and 
especially in Northern Mexico, George Kingdon is known as a capable 
and successful mining man, and he carries with him in his new field of 
effort the best wishes of his manv friends. 



JOSEPH PARK HODGSON, mine superintendent of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company, has recently entered the em- 
ploy of of the Copper Queen Company, having come from Ishpeming, 
Mich., where he was employed about the iron and copper mines since 
1899. During the five years immediately preceding his coming to 
Bisbee, Mr. Hodgson was associated with the Breitung interests, 
who prior to his connection with them, were ow r ners of large landed 
tracts and abundant capital, but with rather unsatisfactory mining 
experience. There was a lack of equipment, ore had been badly 
graded and fallen into disrepute, and conditions generally were so 
unsettled as to require heroic treatment. This Captain Hodgson, as 
Assistant Superintendent, determined to administer, and that he car- 
ried out his determintaion is best proven by the fact that he soon 
rose from the position of Assistant Superintendent to that of Super- 
intendent, and then General Superintendent of these large interests. 
What had seemed like a losing venture became a noted success. From 
one small property at the outset he developed five. He sunk shafts, 
found the ore, installed the proper machinery to get it to the surface, 
and developed a capacity for production on a scale so economical as 
to compare favorably with any. Captain Hodgson was born in 
Lancashire, England, August 19, 1869. He attended school until he 
passed the grades required by law, and at the age of twelve years 
took a position in a store, but after some time, having become dissat- 
isfied w r ith the small pay and long days of service, he decided to try 



IN ARIZONA 



477 




Joseph P. Hodgson 

mining and secured work as "mucker." About this time his father 
died, and being the oldest of the family, additional responsibility de- 
volved upon him, so he worked with the hope of securing a better 
position and wages. His skill and determination attracted consider- 
able attention, ard he was shortly given a place as miner. After 
four years as miner in the north of England he came to this country 
and located in Ishpeming. With the Lake Superior Company he 
first worked as miner, then did timbering and underground repair 
work, and was afterward captain of the Lake Superior Hematite 
mines, the youngest captain in that region. He quit the employ of 
the Lake Superior Company to enter that of the Breitung interests. The 
reasons for his rapid rise are to be found in the personality of the 
man himself, for from the very region in which he advanced from 
miner to General Superintendent, in charge of more than 1,400 men, 
comes the unqualified statement that "He has risen by virtue of his 
ability, his application, his loyalty and his wholesomeness. He has 



478 W H O ' S W H O 

been clean and honest, has rung right all his life, and has worked hard 
and straight on, ambitiously and successfully." It was while on a 
visit to friends in Bisbee that he was made the offer of his present 
position and accepted it. It is a position of much responsibility, but 
Captain Hodgson's training during the twenty-seven years that he 
has been working to it by successive stages, and the knowledge ac- 
quired thereby, will undoubtedly insure his continued success in this 
larger field. Mr. Hodgson was married in Ishpeming, Michigan, in 
1890, to Miss Ellen Jewell, and with their family of five children are 
making their home in Bisbee. He is a member of the York Rite 
Council, the Scottish Rite Masons and the Knights of Pythias. He 
is also a member of the Lake Superior Mining Institute, Society of 
American Engineers, and a Director of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, in which he is intensely interested. He is a Director of 
the Negaunee National Bank, at Negaunee, Michigan, being one of 
the organizers. Mrs. Hodgson and their two daughters are greatly 
interested in church work, and in the work of the Y. W. C. A. 



ROGER T. PELTON, chief engineer of the Copper Queen Consoli 
dated Mining Company, was born at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., in 1880. 
He is the son of John W. and Mary R. Pelton. Mr. Pelton was edu- 
cated in his native state, was graduated from Columbia University as 
Mining Engineer, after which he took a post graduate course in the 
same school. He came to Arizona in 1904 as engineer for the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company at Bisbee, where he displayed 
such ability in his work that he was made chief engineer in 1907, for 
this corporation which employs only the best. Mr. Pelton was mar- 
ried in 1907 to Miss Jennie Jewel Powell, daughter of Colonel L. W. 
Powell, prominently identified with different mining companies. They 
have one little daughter, Elizabeth. 



KENNETH KENNEDY, chief clerk of the Three R group of mines at 
Patagonia, is a native of Alabama, and was born in Blount County, 
February 4, 1878. His father, Matthew Gleason Kennedy, was a na- 
tive of Tipperary, Ireland, and his mother, Sarah Caroline Robinson 
Kennedy, was a native of Georgia. Mr. Kennedy attended the public 
schools and was graduated from the high school at his home, and later 
attended but did not complete the course of the University of Ala- 
bama. He then entered the newspaper field, his first work having 
been as reporter on several Alabama newspapers. However, he soon 
became engaged in railroad work in a clerical capacity from which he 
advanced to the position of private secretary to the general manager of 
the Rock Island R. R., with w T hich company he remained for a period 
of four years. He subsequently devoted several years to construction 
work in Mexico and at various points in Central and South America. 
On his return to the United States he accepted a position as cashier for 



IN ARIZONA 



479 




' '- it---- 

Kenneth Kennedy 

the Dayton Lumber Company, Dayton, Texas, and which he resigned 
after two years to accept a position with the Chino Copper Company, 
Hurley, N. M., having resigned the latter to open a brokerage office 
in El Paso. On coming to Arizona Mr. Kennedy located in Clifton, 
where he entered the service of the Arizona Copper Company, Ltd., 
but in June, 1912, he removed to Patagonia to accept his present posi- 
tion with the Three R Mines. 



HYLTON H. COLLEY, Assistant Superintendent of the reduction 
works of the Copper Queen Company, was born in Cornwall, Eng- 
land, in 1874. His parents, Bernard T. and Ada Young Colley. re- 
moved to New Zealand when he was very young, and here Hylton 
Colley was reared and educated in the public schools. Having come 
to the United States to make his home, he took a course in the School 
of Mines at the University of Missouri, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1901. He then accepted a position with the New Jersey Zinc 
Company at lola, Kansas, where he remained three years, and later 
had a position in Chicago. He became associated with the Phelps 
Dodge interests in 1905, when he came to Douglas to take a position 



480 



W H O S WHO 




Hylton H. Colley 

in their employ there as chemist and assayer and having given his 
entire attention closely to business matters, soon acquired a thorough 
knowledge of affairs in detail which was readily recognized by those 
in authority in a substantial manner when he was promoted to his 
present position. Mr. Colley is a member of the Masons. He was 
married in June, 1908, to Miss Annie W. Belden, and they have 
since made their home in Douglas. 



ARIZONA MINE SUPPLY COMPANY, of which Charles T. Joslin is 
president, was formed in 1905, and is the largest firm in this line in 
the state. This company aims to carry all machinery and supplies used 
in mining and milling gold, silver and copper. They own all the real 
estate and buildings which they occupy, and have large machine shops, 
tank factory and warehouses. They manufacture tanks, cars, buckets, 
skips and crushers, and install machinery for mills, hoisting, cyanide 
and pumping plants anywhere in the state. Mr. Joslin, who is one of 
Prescott's most prominent business men, was born in Michigan in 
1863. He lived at Marquette, attended public and high school, and 
later Lake Forest University in Illinois. He worked in iron mines, at 



4X1 
I N A R I Z O N A 

railroad work, and in banks, and in 1890 went to Chicago, where he 
remained for thirteen years in various positions with banking houses. 
When he left there in July, 1903, to take up his residence in Arizona, 
he was cashier of the Chicago Trust Company. He came to Arizona 
to accept a position as manager of the McCabe mine, and when the 
smelter burned in 1905, he came to Prescott and organized the Arizona 
Mine Supply Company, and shortly after bought out the Brown 
Brothers machinery business which has been incorporated into that of 
the Mine Supply Company. Mr. Joslin is also interested in all mat- 
ters of public importance, is a director in the Chamber of Commerce 
and Bouse-Swansea Ice Co., has mining interests in other sections of 
Arizona, and is interested in real estate in California with his father. 
He is a member of the Yavapai Club, the Prescott Auto Club and the 
Prescott Gun Club, in the latter is Secretary-Treasurer. He was 
married November 4, 1910, to Miss Ada Wescott. 



PHILIP L. MARSTON, Assistant Superintendent of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company's Reduction Works, was born 
at Marseilles, Illinois, in 1870. He is the son of C. W. and Joseph- 
ine Scholl Marston, well known in that section of Illinois. Mr. 
Marston was educated in the public schools and later was a member of 
the class of 1901 of the School of Mines of the University of Mis- 
souri. After leaving school he went to Mexico as a chemist for the 
Ocotillar Mining & Smelting Company in the State of Jalisco, and 
also held the following positions prior to his connection with the 
Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company: Assayer for the Reve- 
nue Tunnel Mines Company of Colorado; Assayer and Foreman of 
the La Sal Copper Mining Company of Colorado; Superintendent of 
Ouray Smelting Company, Ouray, Colorado ; Superintendent of 
Mexican Smelting & Refining Company, Guerrero, Mexico; Public 
Assay Office, Tonopah, Nevada; and Superintendent of the Yaqui 
Smelting & Refining Company, of Toledo, Sonora, Mexico. Mr. 
Marston is a member of the Elks Lodge in Douglas and unmarried. 



PERCIVAL PAGE BUTLER, an assistant superintendent of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company, is a native of Canada, having 
been born in Montreal, and is the son of Thomas Page and Mary 
Cooke Butler. He was educated in the public schools of Montreal and 
at McGill University; he also took a post graduate course in metal- 
lurgy. His first position was at Maurer, N. J., with the Guggenheim 
interests, from which he went to the Magnolia Metal Company, New 
York City. He has since been in the employ of the Copper Range 
Company at Houghton, Michigan, the Cananea Consolidated Com- 
pany as their El Paso agent, and the Shannon Copper Company, be- 
fore becoming associated with the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining 
Company. His fir?t position with this company was as head chemist. 



482 



W H () S WHO 




Percival P. Butler 



but the knowledge acquired in previous positions had proven so valu- 
able and enabled him to display such ability in a broader way that his 
ability was deemed worthy of a larger field of effort, and he was 
promoted to his present position. Mr. Butler is a young man, but has 
demonstrated that he is amply fitted to meet the requirements of his 
work, and the future would appear to have much in store for him. He 
is a member of the Blue Lodge Masons. Mrs. Butler, formerly Miss 
Mabel M. Beneke, is well known and popular in Douglas. 



RICHARD WILLIS MAYNE, General Foreman of the Old Dominion 
Mining Company, was born at Lone Tree, Nebraska, February 18, 
1869. His father, William Mayne, was born in Akron, Ohio, came to 
Nebraska when he was eighteen years old, and there followed the 
life of stage-driver and frontiersman, and was killed in 1876, while 
scouting for General Miles in the Sioux War. Richard's mother 
was born in Dublin, Ireland, and came to America when she was nine 
years old. She died in 1874. Richard Mayne started life on a ranch; 
he began working on the ranges in Nebraska when he was but four- 
teen years old. When he was eighteen he went to Wyoming, engaged 
in freighting, and the following year went to Colorado, where he was 
employed by a wholesale house and attended night school. He later act- 



IN ARIZONA 4 ' 83 

ed as city solicitor for the same company. In 1890 he went to Ontario, 
Cal., where he did his first work underground, which he has since fol- 
lowed. He was married in San Bernardino, Cal., June 12, 1896, to 
Mrs. Margaret Ellen Robh, daughter of William Potter, who crossed 
the plains from Ohio to California in 1851, and was well known 
among the California pioneers. They came to Arizona, and here he 
was employed in the La Fortuna mine as a miner, timberman, hoist- 
ing engineer and shift-boss. In 1899 he left his position on account of 
his wife's health, and located in Globe, where he was employed in the 
Old Dominion mine as miner, and later as timberman, head shaft-man 
and shift-boss. He was afterwards made successively night foreman, 
day foreman, and in 1909 general foreman, which position he now 
holds, and the duties of which include charge of the mine department 
consisting of surface work, four foremen underground, twenty-three 
shift-bosses and seven hundred men. Mrs. Mayne died June 10, 191 1, 
leaving four boys, Arthur, Everett, Richard and Lester. Mr. Mayne 
is a member of the Fraternal Mystic Circle, Fraternal Brotherhood, 
Loyal Order of Moose, and I. O. O. F. He is a good horseman, 
mountaineer, and a fine rifle shot. He attributes the success he has 
achieved to perseverance, industry, willingness to adopt the ideas of 
others, if better than his own, attending strictly to business, and see- 
ing that those under him do the same. He is one of the best known 
men in Globe and vicinity. He was a member of the Democratic 
County Central Committee; a warm personal friend of Gov. Hunt's, 
and always takes an active part in politics, but has never sought a 
public office. 



JOHN LANGDON, Master Mechanic of the Old Dominion Copper 
Company, was born at Hancock, Michigan, in July, 1867, and is the 
son of Leonard Langdon, one of that town's well known citizens. He 
was educated in the public schools, learned the trade of machinist, and 
worked for several large mining companies in Houghton County, 
Michigan. Mr. Langdon first came to Arizona in 1904, located in 
Bisbee, and operated a diamond drill for four months. He then 
removed to Globe, and entered the employ of the Old Dominion Cop- 
per Company as shop foreman, which position he held until April, 
1906, when he was promoted to the position he now holds. Mr. 
Langdon is known as one of the prominent citizens of Globe, and was 
a member of the Constitutional Convention from Gila County. He 
was married at Dollar Bay, Mich., in 1893, to Miss Matilda Haun, 
daughter of Frank Haun. They have two daughters, Mary Dorothea 
and Josephine Weaver. 



ROGER WILLIAM SCOFIELD, Superintendent of the Concentrator of 
the Old Dominion Mining & Smelting Company, was born in Oswe- 
go, New York, in 1861. His father, Thomas Scofield, was well 



484 



\V H O S WHO 




IX A R I Z O X A 

known in the civic life of Oswego, while his mother, Mary Bulger 
Scofield, was a descendant of one of the prominent families of the 
Empire State. Having completed the high school course, Mr. Sco- 
field took a course in chemistry at the Oswego State Normal School 
and afterwards worked as assayer and chemist in a number of cities, 
but he considers the three years spent in Colorado in partnership with 
Frank Helleburg, of greatest value to him in his life work. Mr. 
Helleburg was a chemist and assayer of renown, and the firm spent 
much time in exploration of new metals, and Mr. Scofield was sent 
to all parts of the country to gather material for laboratory work. 
He was connected with different chloronation and cyanide mills in 
Colorado with concentrators in connection, before coming to Arizona. 
Another reduction plant, similar in size to the present one, is now in 
course of construction by the Old Dominion Company, and as soon 
as this is completed the old concentrator will be thoroughly remodeled. 
In politics Mr. Scofield is an independent, and believes in favoring 
individual worth rather than blindly following organization. Frater- 
nally he is t\ 32nd degree Mason, having taken the full degrees in 
both Scottis.i and York Rite Masonry, and is a member of the 
Knights Templar. He was married in 1888 to Miss Fannie Goddard, 
of Fairfield, Iowa, and to their union one son, Ralph, has been born. 



L. OGILVIE HOWARD, Superintendent of Reduction of the Old 
Dominion Mining & Smelting Company, brought to his present posi- 
tion a wide experience. After having completed a course at McGill 
University, in Montreal, a school which has turned out scores of the 
ablest mining men in the country, Mr. Howard went to Mexico, 
where he took a position with the American Smelting & Refining 
Company as chemist. His work atracted attention and he was given 
a place on the faculty of his old school as demonstrator in chemistry 
and metallurgy. After having spent some time as instructor at 
McGill he returned to Mexico and again became affiliated with the 
American Smelting & Refining Company. He then went to the 
Anaconda Copper Company, of Anaconda, Montana ; thence to 
Humbolt, Arizona, as chemist. He left this company to take a place 
with the Old Dominion as Chief Chemist, and in 1907 took charge 
of the reduction works. Under his supervision a large number of 
improvements have been made, the most notable being the increase in 
the capacity of the concentrator to more than twice its former capacity, 
which work is now being completed. 



AXGUS McALPiXE, chief clerk of the Old Dominion Copper Min- 
ing & Smelting Company, was born in Galveston, Texas, in 1874. 
His parents, William K. and Sarah Perry McAlpine, were pioneers 



486 



\V HO S WHO 



of the Lone Star State. After having completed the public schools, 
Mr. McAlpine worked in an attorney's office for some time, gaining 
a knowledge w 7 hich has been of great value to him in his life work. 
He then entered a bank and learned the business from the ground up, 
and continued in this line until he came to the Old Dominion in 
1902. He was metallurgical bookkeeper for some time, afterwards 
general bookkeeper, and in 1906 he was promoted to his present posi- 
tion. He is well known in fraternal circles, being an Elk and a Ma- 
son, and has received both the York and the Scottish Rite degrees in 
the Masonic order. He is Past Exalted Ruler of the B. P. O. Elks, 
and it was during his term of office that the Elks' building was com- 
pleted and furnished. This building cost $75,000,, and is one of the 
finest in the state. Mr. McAlpine is a Democrat but has not taken an 
active part in political life. 



WILLIAM B. CRAMER, Chief Chemist Old Dominion Copper 
Mining & Smelting Company, is the son of Burnett A. and Harriett 
S. Cramer, of Ansonia, Connecticut, where he was born September b, 
1880. Mr. Cramer completed his education at Yale University, 
from which he was graduated in 1902, and was there appointed in- 
structor in chemistry. He held this position during the succeeding 
three years, and in the fall of 1905 came to Arizona. His first 
position here was assistant chemist for the Copper Queen Company 
at Douglas, and this has been followed successively by his being ap- 
pointed chemist for the Shannon Copper Company, Clifton ; chemist 
for the Arizona Commercial Copper Company, Globe, and his present 
position as chief chemist for the Old Dominion Copper Company, 
Globe. Mr. Cramer is a member of the Masonic Order and of 
Globe Lodge, No. 489, B. P. O. E. Politically he was a Republi- 
can until the campaign of 1912, at which time he joined the "Pro- 
gressives," but has no personal interest in political affairs. 



IVAN HARRY BARKCOLL, Superintendent of Mines of the Old 
Dominion Copper Mining & Smelting Company, and the United 
Globe mines of Globe, was born June 27th, 1876, at Gallatin, Daviess 
County, Missouri. He came to Arizona in 1891, and since that 
time has devoted his energies very nearly exclusively to the mining 
industry, and has met with an exceptional degree of success in this 
field, his services having been such as to merit advancement. After 
some time working in Jerome for the Clark interests, Mr. Barkdoll 
and his associates prospected and mined in Yavapai County until the 
spring of 1896. From there Mr. Barkdoll went to Bisbee, w r here he 
entered the employ of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Com- 
pany as a miner, continuing in that capacity until 1901. Several 
months of that year he was engaged in mining in Tuolumne County, 



I N T A R I Z O X A 



487 



California. In 1902 he re-entered the employ of the Copper Queen 
Consolidated Mining Company as a miner, continuing this work until 
he was promoted to the position of timberman. From this time his 
promotion was continuous, and he has successively been shift boss and 
foreman of several mines, and was then appointed assistant to the 




Ivan Harry Barkdoll 



mine superintendent. During the past year, on the resignation of 
Mr. George Kingdon, Mr. Barkdoll was chosen his successor, and 
was transferred to Globe to take his present position. Mr. Bark- 
doll is a Democrat, and has taken considerable interest in the party. 
Mr. Barkdoll is a member of several different branches of the Ma- 
sonic order. He was married to Miss Blanche Wright at Bisbee in 
March 1902, and they have one son, Ivan Harry, Jr. They now re- 
side in Globe. 



488 



\V HO S WHO 




X-'"-man Carmichael 



IN ARIZONA 



4S9 




Alexander T. Thomson 



490 



WHO S WHO 



ALEXANDER T. THOMSON, General .Manager of the Detroit Cop- 
per Mining Co. of Arizona, and Manager of the Morenci Southern 
Railway Company, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1875. His 
parents, Henry Torrence and Jessie Bryce Thomson, were prominent 
in the social life of Scotland's capital. Mr. Thomson was educated 
in Edinburgh Academy, after which he had four years experience in 
a chartered accountant's office in his native city. He came to Arizona 
in 1896, and started work as bookkeeper for the Arizona Copper Com- 
pany. In 1900 he was appointed Cashier and Purchasing Agent for 
the Arizona Copper Company and Treasurer of the Arizona & New 
Mexico Railway Company, and in 1910 he was promoted to the 
position of General Superintendent and Traffic Manager of the latter 
company in addition to his other duties. Here his work was eminently 
satisfactory, and attracted the attention of the Phelps Dodge Company 
officials, who offered him his present position, the duties of which he 
assumed July 1, 1912. Mrs. Thomson was Miss May E. Harris, and 
they have one daughter, Ruth Torrence Thomson. They make their 
home at Morenci. Mr. Thomson is a member of the Blue Lodge 
Masons. 



NORMAN CARMICHAEL, General Manager of the Arizona Copper 
Company, Ltd., Clifton, was born near Belfast, Ireland, in 1869. 
He was educated in his native city and lived there until twenty-one 
years of age, \\hen he came to the United States and became engaged 
in engineering. In 1895 he adopted the profession of mining en- 
gineering, and for some years afterward was employed handling 
mining properties in British Columbia. In 1905 he entered the 
employ of the Arizona Copper Company as mine superintendent, 
after two years in this position was appointed to succeed Alexander 
Vietch as Assistant General Manager, and subsequently was pro- 
moted to his present position. As General Manager of the Arizona 
Copper Company, Mr. Carmichael holds an important place among 
mining men of Arizona, and throughout the State is well known in 
mining circles, especially in the Clifton-Morenci District, where he 
makes his home. 



CHARLES SUMXER SMITH, President of The Old Dominion 
Copper Mining and Smelting Company, is well known in the 
business circles of Boston, and is one of the most prominent men in 
mining circles in Arizona, and although he makes his headquarters in 
Boston, he makes frequent visits to Globe and keeps in close touch 
with all the activities at The Old Dominion mine and smelting plant. 
Mr. Smith has had many years of experience in copper mining, and 
is a man whose expressions of opinion on business conditions and 
possibilities, while highly optimistic, are yet conservative, and may be 
absolutely relied upon. 



I X A R I Z O X A 



491 




Charles Sumner Smith 



WHO'S WHO 

FREDERICK WALPOLE HOAR, E. M., of Globe, Arizona, is one of 
the best known mining men in the Southwest, has been connected 
with numerous mining interests throughout the State, having held 
prominent positions throughout the Globe-Miami district, and has 
won distinction in his calling. He is the son of R. M. Hoar, a 
merchant of Houghton, Michigan, who died several years ago. His 
career has been most interesting, and shows what can be accomplished 
by perseverance. Upon graduating from the High School he entered 
the Michigan College of Mines, at Houghton. Having decided, at 
the end of the first year, to pay for his own education, he conceived 
the scheme of selling books, paper, instruments, etc., to the other 
students to accomplish this end. This was in 1893, and his plan has 
been followed continuously by other students. The business was 
launched with a bankroll of twenty-five dollars. The First National 
Bank, however, paid the first bills without charge, a^d in thirty days 
the business was self-sustaining and proved very profitable thereafter. 
In 1895 he was appointed assistant to the Professor of the Mining 
Engineering Department, and served in this capacity during 1895 and 
1897, then resigned because of a desire to get into the field, and left 
for Globe, Arizona, to accept a position with the Old Dominion Cop- 
per Mining & Smelting Company, as assistant mining engineer and 
chemist, at three dollars per day. Three months' work, however, 
brought an increase of salary to one hundred dollars per month, 
three more brought one hundred and fifty dollars per month and the 
position of chief mining engineer, with two assistants. Whenever a 
man was wanted, Mr. Hoar was called upon to take the place, and 
ne therefore filled the position of chemist, mining engineer, metallur- 
gist, smelter superintendent, master mechanic, foreman and acting 
manager, at various times. In July, 1901, he received the appoint- 
ment of manager and agent of the entire company holdings, to succeed 
S. A. Parnall. The eastern management of the company changed 
hands in 1902, and the new management asked for recommendations 
as to the most advisable action to take regarding the property. Mr. 
Hoar advised the building of modern smelting and mining equipment, 
which the directors decided to install after due consideration and ex- 
amination by other experts, and Mr. Hoar was instructed to design 
and install the plant he wanted. About two years w y ere consumed 
in the building of this plant, which was almost completed when the 
Phelps Dodge Company became interested in the property and Dr. L. 
D. Ricketts wa aopointed manager. In about thirty days after Mr. 
Hoar left, in 1904, the plant was in operation. He next located in 
El Paso, where he opened an office as mining engineer and metallur- 
gist. His business, being successful, has taken him into many parts 
of the Territory, and he moved his familv to various towns, as busi- 
ness interests warra n ted. In July, 1909, he moved back to Globe, 
where he still resides, and is general manager of the Southwestern 
Miami Development Company, as w T ell as associated in a professional 



I N T ARIZONA 



493 




Frederick Walpole Hoar 



494 



\\ H O S WHO 



way with other mining companies. Mr. Hoar is a member of the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, is a 32nd degree Mason, an 
Elk, and has the degrees of Bachelor of Science and Engineer of 
Mines conferred upon him by the Michigan College of Mines. Mr. 
Hoar was married December 23, 1901, at Globe, to Miss Mildred 
Trevillian, a native of that town, and here two of their children, 
Gertrude Eileen and Frederick Walpole, were born, the remaining 
one of the family, Mildred Walpole, having been born at Tombstone. 



HEXRY LOVIN, Senator from Mohave County, is a Southerner by 
birth, having been born in North Carolina, but a through and through 
Arizonan, and one of the men w T ho came West with meager assets 
and made good. Politically, as well as otherwise, he is today one of 
the State's most solid citizens. He has never been defeated at the 
polls, and in his various other undertakings he has met with like 
success. It was Mr. Lovin who grub-staked the man who discovered 
the Gold Roads mine, and if for no other reason than this, his name 
in Arizona's history would be made memorable, as the Gold Road 
has made a marvelous record as a producer of gold, and has done 
much toward giving Arizona a place in the records of gold-producing 
sections. Its output, already amounting to millions of dollars, has 
attracted attention from the entire world. Senator Lovin sold his 
interest to the present owners of the mine, who have extensively 
developed it, and have been the means of bringing many valuable 
citizens to that vicinity. Mr. Lovin has twice been elected Sheriff 
of Mohave, his majority at the second election having greatly exceeded 
that received at the first. He was also a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention, and his popularity as Mohave's representative 
citizen could not be disputed after the handsome majority accorded 
him in his candidacy for member of the First State Senate, as he 
received tw T ice as many votes as were polled for two opponents. Mr. 
Lovin knows the people he represents, and their needs, enjoys their 
confidence and esteem, and he is especially interested in the welfare 
of the working people, and familiarly known as "Friend of the 
Miner." He has, in fact, helped many a man at a critical point, 
and thus enabled him to attain success, has financed some of the 
greatest projects in the State, and by his aid has made it possible for 
some of the great mines of Mohave, the gold-producing county of the 
north, to be developed. Senator Lovin is head of a large mercantile 
establishment, and largely interested in a number of other enterprises, 
among them a freighting business by which he makes it possible for 
residents of the section to get their supplies and machinery moved at a 
reasonable figure. Like his colleague from Cochise, Senator C. M. 
Roberts, he is a large employer, and like him also, he owes his large 
majority to the work done in his behalf by former employes and people 
who have been otherwise associated with him in business. Chivalrous, 



IN ARIZONA 



495 




Urnry Lovin 



progressive, generous and enterprising Henry Lovin is today one of 
the foremost examples of the self-made Arizonan who has made 
Statehood possible. In the special session of the Legislature in 1913 
Mr. Lovin was Chairman of the Committee on Municipal Corpora- 
tions, and member of the following Committees: Constitutional 
Amendments and Referendum, Corporations, Mines and Mining, 
Printing and Clerks, and Suffrage and Elections. 



496 



W H O S WHO 




Thomas Davis 

HON T . THOMAS DAVIS, mining man and capitalist, was born in 
Gloucester, England, August 31, 1861. He has spent almost his 
entire litetime in this country and was educated in San Francisco, 
California. Having completed his education he was engaged in mer- 
cantile business for a short while, but soon quit that to take up the 
study of law. Shortly afterwards he came to Arizona and located in 
Final County, where in company w r ith Judge R. E. Sloan, he acquired 
ownership of Kenilworth Farm, the largest farm at that time under 
cultivation in Arizona. He was admitted to practice in this state, and 
was one of the four Republicans elected to the first Constitutional 
Convention in 1891, representing Final County; again in 1895 he 
represented Final County in the Council of the Eighteenth Legisla- 
ture, after which he returned to the practice of law, his chosen pro- 
fession, having offices in Florence and Tucson. 

In 1900, having become interested in mining and acquired valuable 
properties, he gave up his legal work entirely to devote his time to that 
industry. While his holdings in Arizona are very valuable, they are 
not confined to this state, as he has also mining interests in Canada, 
Mexico, and in other parts of the Southwest. 



I N ARIZONA 



491 



In politics, Mr. Davis is a Republican, and for 30 years he has been a 
power in the party in Arizona. He is a prominent member of the 
Masonic order and of the Mystic Shrine, and is one of the represen- 
tative men of the state. He was married September 1, 1891, at San 
Francisco, California, to Ellen Amanda MacLean, daughter of Cap- 
tain Alexander MacLean, of Greenock, Scotland. His home is in 
Tucson. 



THOMAS E. CAMPBELL, well known mining man of Yavapai 
County, who was elected Assessor of the County at the First State 
Election, having long been keenly interested in the subject of taxation, 
has displayed an exceptionally strong interest in the affairs of his 
office. Mr. Campbell- was one of the prime movers in the formation 
of the State Assessors' Association, and because of his comprehensive 
knowledge and thorough understanding of the tax question, was 
chosen President of the Association at the last election. He was born 
in Prescott January 18, 1878, of Scotch-Irish parentage. His father, 
Daniel Campbell, located in Prescott in 1869. Thomas Campbell at- 
tended the public schools of his native town, was graduated from the 
High School there, and finished his education at St. Mary's College, 
Oakland, Cal. During his college course he gave particular attention 
to the study of Science and Economics. Mr. Campbell has held a 
number of official positions, having first been Assistant Postmaster at 
Prescott, which he resigned in 1898 to accept that of Acting Post- 
master at Jerome. He was later appointed Postmaster at Jerome, but 
resigned that office in order that he might devote his entire attention 
to his mining interests in the northern part of the State. In 1900, 
when but 22 years old, he was elected to represent Yavapai County 
in the Legislative Assembly, and had the distinction of being the first 
Native Son elected to such a position. In June of the same year he 
married Miss Eleanor Gayle Allen, daughter of H. J. Allen, of Je- 
rome, and from this happy mating have issued two sons, Allen and 
Brodie, aged ten and eight years, respectively. In the fall of 1906, 
elected Chairman of the Yavapai County Central Committee, he 
waged a strong campaign, taking as an issue "Equal Taxation, Hon- 
esty and Ability in Public Office," the result of which was that the 
County obtained a Republican administration, the first in many years. 
In appreciation of his knowledge of taxation, his honesty and courage, 
he was appointed County Assessor for the term expiring 1910, re-ap- 
pointed in 1911, and in December of the same year was elected by 
the largest vote received by any candidate in the county. As assessor 
he has ever been foremost in promulgating equitable and intelligent 
methods of assessing all classes of property with a view to equitably 
distributing the burdens of taxation. It was through his efforts that 
the Arizona Assessors' Association was created in 1911, when Mr. 



49S 



\V H S WHO 




Thomas E. Campbell 



IX ARIZONA 499 

Campbell was unanimously elected its first President, and re-elected 
in 1912. During the session of the first State Legislature he succeeded 
in having introduced the Acts Creating a State Tax Commission, 
State Board of Equalization, and the Assessment of Public Service 
Corporations. Mr. Campbell is recognized as one of the tax experts 
of Arizona, and his address on "Centralized Administrative Author- 
ity on Taxation" shows his calibre. Mr. Campbell is deeply interest- 
ed in stock raising and mining in Yavapai County, takes a keen inter- 
est in all public questions, is a Progressive Republican, and though 
still a young man, is a recognized leader of his party. 



JOHN D. WANVIG, JR., Superintendent of the Three R. mines, was 
born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1887, and educated in the public 
schools of that city. After graduation from the Michigan College of 
Mines, Houghton, Michigan, he was employed as mining engineer for 
the Cole & McDonald Exploration Company, Virginia, Minnesota. 
He has been a resident of Arizona during the past five years, having 
been assistant engineer for the Miami Copper Company, chief engineer 
and later superintendent for the Superior & Boston Copppr Com- 
pany, and then mining engineer with Frank H. Probert of Los 
Angeles, making mine examinations in the Southwest and Mexico. 
The latter position he resigned to become superintendent of the Three 
R mines, near Patagonia, Arizona. 



RALPH HENRY CAMERON, the man icho secured Statehood for Ari- 
zona, who was the last Territorial Delegate to Congress from Arizona, 
was born in Southport, Maine, October 21st, 1863. His education, 
received in the public and high schools, was greatly augmented by 
methodical home study and reading. He has been a resident of 
Arizona for the past thirty years, and is perhaps the best known man 
in the State. He is as well known to the miner as he is to the mine 
owner. To both he is plain Ralph Cameron. He counts his 
friends by the thousands, because he never ivas knoicn to go bark 
on a friend. Mr. Cameron has been variously interested in the 
development of the State's resources, especially mining. He has 
taken an active interest in politics, and has been the choice of his party 
for offices of trust and honor. In Coconino County he served sev- 
eral terms as sheriff, and one term as Chairman of the Board of 
Supervisors. He was a delegate to the 61st Congress for the term 
1909-1911, and owing to the admission of Arizona to the Union, his 
t^rm of office was extended until the President's proclamation, Janu- 
ary, 1912. In 1911 he was the Republican candidate for United 
States Senator. In politics he is a life-long Republican. Mr. 
Cameron is the President of the Arizona Securities and Investment 
Company, of Phoenix, and is devoting his entire attention to that- 
office. 



".(Ill 



\V Ho S WHO 




Ralph Cameron 



INARIZONA 



Arizona Supreme Court 

THE SUPREME COURT OF ARIZONA, consisting of Alfred Franklin, 
Chief Justice, and Henry D. Ross and Donnell L. Cunningham, 
Associates, is the first since the organization of Arizona to represent 
the choice of the people. And being the choice of the people, Arizona 
has the utmost confidence in the men selected for the conduct cf this, 
the court of last resort in the State, who are answerable only to the 
people of the commonwealth. They are all men who have seen the 
Territory develop in wealth, importance and standing in the Union, 
and finally develop into the Forty-eighth State; men w r ho have been 
for years intimately associated with its legal fraternity in both private 
practice and in County and Territorial offices. Chief Justice Frank- 
lin is the son of former Governor Franklin, whom he served as private 
secretary, and he was later Assistant U. S. Attorney for Arizona. 
Judge Ross and Judge Cunningham have both served as District 
Attorney. They are acquainted with conditions in, and are alive to 
the best interests of, Arizona, and no more able men ever graced a 
Supreme Bench. 



ALFRED FRANKLIN came to Arizona in 1893 and engaged in the 
general practice of law at Phoenix, where he has since continually 
resided. He was Assistant United States Attorney, member of the 
Constitutional Convention, and was elected Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court at the first State election. 



HENRY D. Ross, Associate Justice of the first Supreme Court of 
Arizona, w T as born in Independence County, Arkansas, September 12, 
1861. His early life was spent on a farm. He first attended the 
public schools, then Clark's Academy, at Berryville, Arkansas. He 
took his law course in the University of Iowa, from which he was 
graduated with a LL. B. degree in 1883. Judge Ross came to 
Arizona in 1885, and during the first two years of his residence here 
taught school, before devoting his time exclusively to the practice of 
his profession. In 1889 and 1890 he served as District Attorney of 
Yavapai County, and during the succeeding two years as District 
Attorney of Coconino County, while in 1893 and 1894 he repre- 
sented the latter county in the Assembly. His next official position 
was Register of the Land Office in Prescott, which he resigned 
after three years to become District Attorney of Yavapai County, 
and the latter position he resigned in 1911, when elected member of 
the Supreme Court. Until his election to the Supreme bench, Judge 
Ross was in active practice, and from 1894 a member of the firm of 
Ross & O'Sullivan, of Prescott. During the years since he attained 
to prominence in his profession, he has been a substantial friend to 
the young lawyer, and some of Arizona's brightest attorneys today 



502 



\V H () S WHO 



^^^3HPft^ 
TT" ~ 




e 



IN ARIZONA 

attribute their success in part to his judicious instruction. Judg 
Ross was married April 24, 1890, to Miss Margaret Wheeler. 
Mrs. Ross is one of the most socially charming women of the Capital 
city, their present home, is educated in art and music, and a leading 
member of the Musicians' and Woman's Clubs of that city. They 
have two sons, Henry Davis, Jr., and John Wheeler Ross. 

DONNELL LAFAYETTE CUNNINGHAM, member of the Supreme 
Court of Arizona, was born in Gaylesville, Alabama, April 21, 1866. 
He was educated in that town and was graduated from the Gayles- 
ville High School, an incorporated academy. Judge Cunningham 
received his instruction in law from John L. Burnett, one of the 
State's leading attorneys, and now a member of Congress from 
Alabama. In the meantime he had worked on a farm and taught 
sciiool for a time in the vicinity of his home, and was admitted to 
practice in the circuit court at Center, Alabama, December 23, 1887. 
Tn January of the next year he began to practice at Ashville, and 
was also editor of the "St. Clair Advance," a weekly newspaper. 
In February, 1899, he removed to Fort Payne, practiced there for 
about four years, and in 1893 went to Colorado. He spent one year 
in Trinidad, then proceeded to Cripple Creek at the close of the 
"Bull Hill War." There he at first engaged in the practice of law, 
but after a few months took up mining and stock brokerage, and 
operated on the stock exchange until April, 1896, when the town 
was destroyed by fire. Practically everything in the town was 
destroyed, and judge Cunningham's sole remaining assets being 
one office chair, he assisted in the work of constructing tents 
and shacks for shelter until business was again made possible, when 
he accepted a position as salesman in a grocery store. The next 
\ear he left with two friends to seek a new location, with no definite 
destination in mind, and arriving in the Blue Mountains of Utah, 
they flipped a coin to decide whether it should be Idaho or Arizona. 
The latter won and they preceded thither, crossed the Navajo 
country and the Painted Desert from Bluff, Utah, and reached 
Flagstaff August 14, 1897. Here Judge Cunningham worked as a 
laborer for several months, then came to Phoenix with his friends, 
and they made their home under the cottonwood trees on South 
Second Avenue, about six blocks south of the Court House. In the 
spring he returned to Flagstaff, where he was employed for a time 
in the lumber mills and in the District Attorney's office. His next 
move was to Williams, where he opened an office and was elected 
first City Attorney, practiced there several years, and in 1904, while 
practicing in Tombstone, was married to Mrs. Louisa Leavenworth 
on March 10th. He served as District Attorney of Cochise County, 
and was one of the County's delegates to the Constitutional Conven- 
tion, in which he was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee. 



504 



WHO S WHO 




Frederick Arthur Sutter 

FREDERICK ARTHUR SUTTER, Judge of the Superior Court of Co- 
chise Couny, was born in Marshall, Michigan, March 10, 1874, but 
lived on a farm in Nebraska until he was twenty years of age, and 
received his early education in that State. At that time he came to 
Arizona, located in Bisbee, and went to work in the mines, which 
work he continued until he had sufficient funds to enable him to at- 
tend school and prepare for the study of law. He then attended 
Shattuck Military School, at Faribault, Minnesota, from which he 
was graduated, and at once returned to Nebraska, where he entered 
the Law School of the State University, completed the course, and 
was graduated in June, 1902. In January of the next year he re- 
turned to Bisbee and opened an office to engage in private practice, 
and until his election as Judge of the County, made Bisbee his 
home. During his residence there he served as City Attorney for 
five years and also as Deputy District Attorney of Cochise County 
for several terms. He was a member of the twenty-fifth Legislative 
Assembly, and during his term was the special champion of bills 



I N ARIZONA 



505 



favoring the taxpayer and the laboring man. At the time of his 
election Judge Sutter was a member of the firm of Neale & Sutter, 
who had attained much prominence in the profession. 

He is a member of Bisbee Lodges of Moose and Elks. 

A thorough student of law, able, conscientious, and possessing ex- 
cellent judgment, Judge Sutter during his first year on the bench has 
merited and won the recognition which is his due, and quite befitting 
his position as Judge of the Superior Court of the first county in the 
State. Judge Sutter was married in June, 1912, to Miss Edna Mc- 
Gavock. Their present home is at Tombstone, the county seat. 




Frank Bray L.aine 

FRANK BRAY LAINE, Judge of the Superior Court of Greenlee 
County, came of a line of distinguished jurists. His father, Thomas 
Henry Laine, was one of the ablest attorneys in California. He 
was a member of the Constitutional Convention of California in 
1879, and the Constitution of the State was drafted largely from one 
w r ritten by him and submitted to the Convention. He was also a 



506 WHO'S WHO 

member of the State Senate in the 20th and 21st Legislatures and 
was active in behalf of progressive legislation. An orator of much 
ability, he was a potent factor in the Democratic party and an in- 
fluence in the national politics of that day. He w r as also prominent 
in the Masonic order, and his son, Judge Laine, has kept the family 
name on the records of this order in a most commendable manner. 
The Laine family has long been connected with the development of 
the country. Judge Laine's grandfather having been a pioneer bear 
hunter of Missouri. Judge Laine is a native of California, having 
been born in San Jose in 1861. He was educated in the public 
schools of the State and at Franklin Academy, a private school named 
in his honor. He studied law in the office of his father, the 
first classical graduate in the State, who w r as graduated from the 
University of the Pacific in 1858. Judge Laine has attained high 
honors in Masonry in both the York and Scottish Rites, having taken 
the 32nd degree. He is also a member of the Knights Templar ; is 
Past Master of the Coronado Lodge No. 8 of Clifton, and in 1910 
was appointed Grand Orator for the State Lodge. He is also in- 
terested in other fraternal organizations and is Past Exalted Ruler 
of the Clifton Lodge of Elks No. 1174. In his manner of dispensing 
justice, which has been highly commended for fairness and depth of 
knowledge, Judge Laine has shown the benefits derived from his 
thorough training in law. His eldest son, Thomas Henry Laine, is 
now r a student in the office of Charles S. Wheeler, one of San Fran- 
cisco's well known attorneys, and his other son, Harry Nicholas 
Laine, is taking a special course at Stanford University. 



WILLIAM FEXIMORE COOPER, Judge of the Superior Court of 
Pima County, was born in Dublin, Indiana, August 6, 1858. His 
father, John Cooper, was one of the leading educators of that State 
and Superintendent of the Public Schools for more than half a cen- 
tury. Judge Cooper began his school career at the unusually early 
age of four years and attended public school constantly until he was 
graduated from the high school at the age of twelve years. He 
then attended Otterbein University at Westerville, Ohio, for 
one year, after which he completed the classical course and was 
graduated in 1887 from the Peekskill Military Academy, New 
York. When but eight years old he manifested an enthusiastic 
interest in printing and began working in a small office on 
Saturdays and summer vacation. He later learned the printing 
trade, and has been engaged in newspaper work, both as em- 
ploye and owner, doing local and editorial work. He served one 
year w r ith the "Tucson Citizen," doing editorial work, and was for 
a time proprietor and editor of the "Florence Tribune." During the 
time he was engaged in the latter capacity he renewed the study of 
law, which he had undertaken with Honorable William A. Peelle, 



IN ARIZONA 



507 



of Richmond, Indiana, as preceptor, after his graduation from Peeks- 
kill Academy. After one year and a half his system showed plainly 
the result of overwork during his last two years at school and at 
the study of law, and a physical breakdown w r as the result. This 
necessitated an entire change, and several years following spent in 
Colorado and on a California cow ranch completely restored his 
health, and twenty years ago found him in Arizona. During his 




William Fenimore Cooi-r 



first few years here he worked as miner, printer and cowboy, as well 
as editor, until 1894, when he passed a very creditable examination 
and was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court. A little 
later he was admitted to practice in California. In 1896 he took up 
his residence in Tucson. Here he gradually began building up a 
practice, and in 1898 was persuaded to accept the Republican nomi- 
nation for District Attorney of Pima County, was elected, and at 
the close of his term re-elected. Having become a thoroughly pro- 



508 



WHO S WHO 



ficient stenographer, he was appointed in 1904 to the position of 
Court Stenographer, which he held until 19U8, when he was elected 
to the office of Probate Judge. In 1906 he was Republican candi- 
date for delegate to Congress, and while defeated, he made a re- 
markable showing in his home county, having had a majority of 
613 votes. Mr. Cooper has served the city of Tucson as councilman- 
at-large, and was one of the Republican minority in the late Consti- 
tutional Convention. He has always been a staunch Republican, 
and was elected Judge of Pima County on that ticket at the first state 
election held in Arizona. He was the first Judge of the Superior 
Court to qualify in the new state, taking the oath of office at 13 min- 
utes after nine o'clock on the morning of February 14, 1912. In April, 
1894, Judge Cooper was married to Miss Elizabeth A. Douglas, 
of Florence, a native daughter of Arizona. Their family now con- 
sists of six children three boys and three girls. 




Reamer Ling, Judge of Superior Court for Ajpache County 



IN ARIZONA 




Frank J. Duffy 



FRANK J. DUFFY, judge of the Superior Court of Santa Cruz 
County, was born in Waddington, New York, April 3, 1866. He 
first attended the public schools and afterwards St. Lawrence Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in 1888 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. In the same year he came to Arizona and for 
five years was engaged in educational work in Phoenix and Globe. 
During this time, however, he had decided to make the law his life 
profession, and had devoted his leisure time to the mastery of the sub- 
ject. Having removed to Nogales, he was elected justice of the peace 
in 1896 and re-elected two years later, which position he held at the 
time of the separation of Pima and Santa Cruz Counties, when he 
rendered conspicuous service as assistant enrolling and engrossing 
clerk and arranged the complicated matters for the bill. In 1899 he 
resigned the office of justice to accept that of assessor, and in the same 
year was admitted to practice in Santa Cruz County. In 1900 he was 
elected district attorney on the Democratic ticket and his administra- 
tion was an excellent one. He has long been regarded as one of the 
representative lawyers of Arizona, a close student and capable expon- 



510 



WHO S WHO 



ent of the law. In 1909 he was elected to the 25th Territorial Legis- 
lature, and served as Chairman of the Judiciary and Printing Commit- 
tee, and as member of other committees. In February, 1912, he 
assumed the duties of his present position. Judge Duffy is the son of 
Michael and Mary O'Brien Duffy, also natives of the county in which 
he was born. He was married January 18, 1905, to Miss Annie M. 
Parker. He has one son and one daughter, Francis R. and Mary L. 
Judge Duffy has always been identified with movements for the pro- 
gress of his adopted town, which can boast of no more efficient worker 
in its behalf. 



CARL G. KROOK, Judge of the Superior Court of Mohave County, 
is an example of the self-made man, and has had an interesting ca- 
reer. Born in Minnesota, August 18, 1870, of Swedish parents, 
who were pioneers of that State, he was reared in a German com- 
munity, learned the language thoroughly, and has found its use of 
great benefit in his work both as lawyer and Judge. His father, Carl 
W. A. Krook, was for some years a builder and contractor, and later 
a merchant in Minnesota, and his son had the benefit of experience 
in construction work, which stood him in good stead in helping to 
build up a new State. After having completed the public school 
course he matriculated in two colleges, one a German, and the other 
a Swedish institution, each of which he attended two years, after 
which, in 1892, he entered an attorney's office. There he spent three 
years perfecting himself in the rudiments of law from the stand- 
point of actual experience, then went to England, where he entered 
the Inns of Court Law School and took a one-year course in old 
English law. Returning to his home, he took the law course in the 
University of Minnesota, from which he was graduated in 1899 with 
an LL. B. degree. The same year he was admitted to practice, 
opened up a law office in Minneapolis immediately thereafter, and to 
more thoroughly prepare himself for his chosen work that year also 
found him taking a post graduate course, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1900 with the degree of LL. M. After four years' practice 
in Minnesota he came to Arizona, where he soon became interested in 
mines. Seeing the great possibilities in mining law, he spent several 
years in prospecting and mining and with his brother purchased a 
mine in Mohave County, on which they spent a large sum trying to 
place it among the paying producers. While thus employed, the 
young attorney was nominated for the Legislature and elected to the 
24th Session, in which he was Chairman of the Judiciary Commit- 
tee. He was an active worker in behalf of reform measures and 
those laws which tend to the improvement of the social and industrial 
life of the State. He championed the bill to raise the standard of the 
legal profession by more exacting examinations for admission to prac- 



IN ARIZONA 



511 




Carl G. Krook 

tice, and worked hard in the interest of the Act for Correction of 
General Practice. Judge Krook was a worker and not a talker, and 
his influence during this session accomplished much that was bene- 
ficial in legislation for his County, especially in behalf of the Good 
Roads Bill and the Bill segregating the office of Assessor from that of 
Sheriff in fourth and fifth class counties. At the conclusion of the 
session he again donned the miner's jumper, and for six months 
worked in the copper mines at Bisbee, thereby gaining a general 
knowledge of the works of large mines. On returning to general 
practice, he was a candidate for the nomination for County Attorney 
in Mohave, but was defeated. Two years later, however, he was 
nominated and elected to his present position, and the excellent train- 
ing he has received has been an invaluable aid to him in this capac- 
ity. Judge Krook is a member of the Elks Lodge, and is actively in- 
terested in all movements tending toward improved conditions of 
town, county or state. 



512 



W H O S WHO 



FRANK. BAXTER, Superior Judge of Yuma County, even before 
coming to Yuma, was one of the best known and most popular at- 
torneys in Arizona. Since his residence in Yuma county he has 
held nearly every position within the gift of the people of that 
county. He has been successively City Attorney, Assistant District 
Attorney, and at the last election was elected Superior Judge by 
one of the largest majorities ever given an elective officer in Yuma 
countv. 




Frank Baxter 



Judge Baxter is a Virginian, having been born near Petersburg 
in 1853. His father was Thomas H. Baxter, who was in the 
United States customs service until the Civil War, holding an im- 
portant position in Philadelphia. His mother, before her marriage, 
was Miss Anna E. Van Horn, of the Van Horns of North Carolina. 
So it will be easily seen that Judge Baxter came to Arizona an 
ardent Democrat, eminently qualified to become a party leader, an 
honorable attorney and a judge of ability and integrity, to whom 



IN ARIZONA 513 

the whole people could pin their faith as to his honesty, fairness, 
justice and ability; and such have the people of Yuma found him 
to be. As city recorder of Phoenix he made an excellent repu- 
tation and was elected to the position of probate judge, with the 
office of superintendent of schools ex-officio. His wide experience as 
a jurist and attorney made him the logical candidate for the speaker- 
ship of the Seventeenth Territorial Assembly and he was elected 
practically without opposition. He later served as chief clerk of 
the Nineteenth legislative assembly. His record in official life was 
such that when he left Phoenix to go to Yuma, Frank Baxter left 
a large circle of friends behind. 

He is a graduate of the Philadelphia public schools and later sup- 
plemented this with a course at the Chester Military Academy, 
Chester, Pa. He studied law in the offices of E. C. and V. S. Lovell 
of Elgin, 111., the former a probate judge of that county. 

As Superior Judge of Yuma county he has presided with dignity 
and fairness and no jurist in the state has a larger clientele of 
friends and admirers than he. 

In 1914, no doubt, he will be re-elected by an even larger ma- 
jority tban that given him in 1911. 



FREDERICK WELLINGTON PERKINS, judge of the Superior Court of 
Coconino County, is the son of George H. and Harriet Wright Per- 
kins, and was born at Milford, N. H., April 15, 1850. The family 
moved to Springfield, Mass., in 1853, and to Missouri in 1866. Judge 
Perkins was educated in the public schools of Massachusetts, the Uni- 
versity of Missouri, and the St. Louis Law School of Washington 
University. He first practiced law at Kansas City, and also served 
there as U. S. Commissioner and Clerk of the U. S. District Court. 
In 1903 he came to Arizona and first engaged in banking business 
with E. S. Gosney as the Gosney & Perkins Bank, and later engaged 
in the practice of law in Flagstaff, where he had located. He has 
served five years as trustee of the Flagstaff school district and three 
years as member of the Board of Education of the Northern Arizona 
Normal school, having been a member of the latter until elected Judge 
of the Superior Court of Ccconino. For several years he was identi- 
fied with the Arizona Wool Growers' Association, and served both as 
secretary and president. In early life he became a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, and he has been active in church and Sunday School work 
for many years. He is a member of the York and Scottish Rite Ma- 
sons, an officer of the Grand Lodge F. & A. M. of Arizona, and has 
been honored with the office of Worshipful Master and Exalted 
Ruler; is an active member of the Knights of Pythias and Elks, and a 
Son of the American Revolution by right of descent on both paternal 
and maternal sides. During the Civil War, Judge Perkins was too 



.14 



W H O S WHO 



young to enlist, but his father and only brother both fought on the 
side of the Union, the former until the close of the war, and the latter 
until he met his death in service. During part of the war, Judge Per- 
kins was employed in the U. S. Armory at Springfield, the youngest 
person to hold a position at that place. In 1874 Judge Perkins mar- 
ried Miss Mary A. Thompson at Jefferson City, Mo., and six child- 
ren, five of whom are living, have been born to them. Four of these 
are now living in Arizona, and one, Edwin T., superintendent of the 




Frederick Wellington Perkins 

Granby Mining & Smelting Company, lives with his wife and two 
sons at Granby, Mo. In Arizona are Fred H., who with his wife 
and five children are ranching in Salt River Valley; Warren O., en- 
gaged with his father in the wool growing business; May, wife of G. 
A. Pearson, in charge of experimental work for the Forest Service in 
Albuquerque District, and Jephena, a teacher. 



SIDNEY SAPP, Judge of the Superior Court of Navajo County, 
came to Arizona from Oklahoma four years ago, and has since been 
prominently identified with the civic, social and political life of the 
State. He settled in Holbrook and having been admitted to prac- 



IN ARIZONA 



515 



tice in all the courts of the State, began the practice of his profession 
there. In addition, he started the Holbrook News, which has been 
a success from the beginning, and is now controlled by the News Pub- 
lishing Company. Judge Sapp was born September 27, 1868, in Fay- 
ette County, 111., and is the son of Joseph MacHenry and Kate Ryan 
Sapp. He was educated and studied law in Missouri, and began the 
practice of law in 1895, at Stockton, Missouri. He also practiced for 
a number of years in Oklahoma. He was married first in May, 1893, 




Sidney Sapp 



to Miss Mabel Ferris who died in 1908, and he was afterward mar- 
ried on June 15th, 1910, at Stillwater, Oklahoma, to Mrs. Alma 
Fortner Spiers, of that place. They have since made their home in 
Holbrook, and Mrs. Sapp has already become well known and popu- 
lar in the affairs of that vicinity. In politics Judge Sapp is a Repub- 
lican. He is a Mason, belonging to almost all of the bodies of that 
order, a member of the B. P. O. E., and takes an active part in the 
fraternal life of his community and state. 



516 



WHO S WHO 




James E. O'Connoi' 

JAMES E. O'CONNOR, Superior Judge for the County of Final, 
was born in Pescadero, San Mateo County, California, February 
20, 1865. His parents, James and Ellen Heffron O'Connor, were 
pioneers of California, who reached that State in the early fifties. 
Judge O'Connor's early education was acquired by study while work- 
ing as tanner and at the Oak Mound Academy of Napa, Califor- 
nia. He taught in the public schools of Napa from 1889 
to 1893, inclusive, studying law when he had time. The young 
teacher was taken into the law office of County Attorney William 
Gwynne and Honorable H. C. Gesford, now T Superior Judge in 
California, and he was admitted to practice in the courts of Cali- 
fornia August 8, 1893. He practiced at Madera, Calif., for several 
years until he came to Arizona, and acted as deputy District Attor- 
ney during two years of that period. Mr. O'Connor at once took a 
prominent part in the legal and political life of the new State. In 
1899 he was appointed District Attorney and was re-elected each 
term until Statehood was gained by Arizona, when he was elected 



IN ARIZONA 



517 



Superior Judge for the County of Final. Judge O'Connor is a 
director in the Company which owns the O. T. Canal Company 
ditch, and has a fine ranch under cultivation near Florence, where 
he makes his home. He is a member of the Arizona Bar Association. 
Judge O'Connor is well known in fraternal circles, being a member of 
the Fraternal Mystic Circle, Elks, and Woodmen of the World. 
On May 26, 1898, he married Miss Lillian Breyfogle of San Jose, 
California, and to the union have been born six children, four 
daughters and two sons. He and his family take a prominent part in 
the social life of their community. 




Frank O. Smith 

FRANK O. SMITH, judge of the Superior Court of Yavapai Coun- 
ty, is a native of LaSalle County, Illinois. He is the son of William 
H. Smith and Maria B. Smith, and began life on a farm near Ran- 
som, Illinois, January 17, 1878. His ancestry is Irish, Scotch, Ger- 
man and English. His early education was received in the country 
schools of Illinois. At the age of fourteen, he entered the North- 
western Normal School at Genesee, and later the Academy of Knox 



5 1 s 



W H O S WHO 



College at Galesburg, Illinois, where he was the successful contestant 
in the annual oratorical contest. For several years he was a teacher 
in the public schools of his native county, and during vacation follow- 
ed various lines of work as a farmer, blacksmith and painter. In 1902 
he entered Northwestern University at Chicago, Illinois. While in 
the University he became the publisher of the university newspaper, 
published three times a week, and founded and published The North- 
western Magazine, a monthly publication. In 1905 he w r as graduated 
from the College of Liberal Arts with the degree of B. S. After 
graduation he served the university two years as graduate manager of 
athletics. In 1907 he received the degree of M. A. from this Uni- 
versity, and in the same year was graduated from the Law School of 
Northwestern University, with the degree LL. B. He is a member 
of the Delta Sigma Rho fraternity, whose membership is composed ex- 
clusively of those who have represented their universities in athletic 
and forensic contests. In 1903 he was a member of the Northwestern 
University debating team which won the championship in the Central 
Debating League, being victorious in contests with the Universities of 
Chicago, Minnesota and Michigan. He is also a member of the col- 
lege fraternities, Delta Chi and Delta Tau Delta. He is a member 
of the American Society of International Law, American Institute of 
Criminal Law and Criminology, American Bar Association, Arizona 
Bar Association and Northern Arizona Bar Association. June 19, 
1907, Judge Smith married Miss Emma Olwin of Evanston, Illinois. 
The same year he came to Arizona, first locating in Tucson where 
he was a member of the faculty of the University of Arizona, as in- 
structor in history and economics. He was later elected assistant pro- 
fessor in that department, but resigned this position to devote his time 
to the practice of the law. In his examination for admission to the 
bar of Arizona, his average was the highest ever received by any appli- 
cant in the state. Several years ago he removed from Tucson and 
located in Prescott, Arizona, where he acquired a large practice and 
gained a wide experience. On December 12, 1911, he was elected to 
his present office. 



ARCHIBALD GILBERT McALiSTER, judge of the Superior Court of 
Graham County, was born in Tatum, S. C., September 23, 1873, his 
father, C. A. McAlister, and his mother, Emily Connor, both having 
been natives of that state. His father served three years in the Con- 
federate Army. Judge McAlister attended public school and com- 
pleted the high school course, after which he took a course in the Uni- 
versity of Nashville, Tennessee, for which he had won a scholarship. 
He came to Arizona over fifteen years ago, and landed in Phoenix. 
His first occupation here was as teacher at Florence and Congress and 
later he was made principal. It was while thus engaged that he took 
up the study of law with Messrs. Herndon and Norris, at Prescott, 



IX A R I 7. X A 



519 



and was admitted to the bar in 1902. His first practice was at Sol- 
omonville, and during the past ten years his career has been an inter- 
esting one. He has been a deep student, a hard worker and the pos- 
sessor of unusual ability, and has gradually been reaping the reward 
of his effort. He has been assistant district attorney two years, district 
attorney three years, had built up an excellent practice before the last 
election when he was chosen to represent the people of Graham Coun- 
ty on the Bench. He has since been called to Phoenix to serve on the 
Supreme Court Bench several times when one of the Judges has been 
disqualified. He was married April 13, 1904, to Miss Alice Bishop. 
They have one son, Charles Bishop, and one daughter, Lillie. 




John C. Phillips 



Archibald Gilbert MoAlister 



JOHN C. PHILLIPS, Judge of the Superior Court of Maricopa 
County during the first term of statehood, also served as Judge of the 
last Territorial Probate Court in that county. Judge Phillips has es- 
tablished a reputation for fairness, and has always polled a large vote 
among the ranchers and cattlemen, having been familiar with all 
phases of business in the Salt River Valley. Under his jurisdiction 
many cases have been settled out of court as the result of the diplom- 
acy and mediation of Judge Phillips, whose knowledge of human na- 
ture has proven of valuable assistance in the work of meting out jus- 
tice. He is married and makes his home in Phoenix, where he is well 
known as a devoted church worker. 



520 



W H O S WHO 




Alfred C. Lockwood 

ALFRED C. LOCKWOOD, Judge of the Superior Court of Cochise 
County, was born in Ottawa, Illinois, July 20, 1875. His father, W. 
C. Lockw r ood, was a native of Ohio, but for many years practiced law 
in Illinois, and became one of the prominent attorneys of that state, 
and his mother, Elizabeth Peers Lockwood, was a native of Illinois, 
and a descendant of Jonathan Edwards and Cotton Mather. Judge 
Lock wood's ancestors were among the earliest settlers of New Eng- 
land, having been in the country since 1640, and the last of his foreign 
ancestors havinc come here in the year 1 730. They were chiefly 
professional and business men and farmers and were prominent in the 
early days of New England. Mr. Lockwood was educated in the 
public schools of California and Illinois, and graduated from the High 
School of Collinsville, Illinois, in 1891. He came to Arizona in 



IN ARIZONA 521 

1893, located in Maricopa County, and for five years was employed 
as teacher in the public schools there. He then began the study of 
law, in 1902 was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court, and for 
a short time practiced in Nogales. In the winter of the same year, 
however, he removed to Douglas, where he has established a fine 
practice and become very popular both professionally and politically, 
and was engaged in private practice until appointed Judge of Cochise 
County by Governor Hunt, in July, 1913, to succeed Honorable Fred 
Sutter, resigned. Judge Lockwood is one of the youngest Judges in 
Arizona, and in his present position has in Cochise County the largest 
amount of business on any calendar in the State. Judge Lockwood is 
a Progressive Democrat and was a close competitor of Judge Slitter's 
for the nomination for Judge at the first State election, but has pre- 
viously held no official position except as City Attorney in Douglas, 
to which he has been elected three successive terms. He is a member 
of ihe Masonic Order and Past Master of Mount Moriah Lodge No. 
19 F. & A. M., Douglas. On June 15, 1902, Judge Lockwood was 
married to Miss Daisy M. Lincoln in Douglas, to whom have been 
born the following children: Lorena Elizabeth, aged 10; Alfreda 
Charlotte, aged seven, and Chester Ralph, in his second year. They 
have recentlv removed their home to Tombstone. 



GEORGE WALTER SCHUTE, Judge of the Superior Court of Gila 
County, was a practicing attorney for a number of years, and served 
as District Attorney before he was elected to his present position. 
Judge Schute was educated in the public schools of the State, and was 
graduated from the Tempe Normal, standing well in his class. After 
his admission to the bar, he was soon recognized as an able attorney, 
and established a reputation as a criminal lawyer, which made him a 
strong candidate for the position of District Attorney. He defeated 
one of the strongest attorneys in the county, and made such an excel- 
lent official, that he easily won in the primaries and the election. As 
a Judge he has been fair and impartial, and litigants and attorneys 
speak highly of the manner in which he has conducted his court. 



GEORGE O. HILZINGER, Attorney of Pima County, was born Janu- 
ary 4, '79, in San Francisco, and was educated in the public schools. 
He attended the University of Arizona, and completed the course in 
Mineralogy and Metallurgy, and was graduated in '97. Later he 
entered the Law School of the University of Michigan, from which he 
was graduated in 1901. Mr. Hilzinger is a thorough Spanish scholar, 
and in 1898 was appointed Spanish interpreter in Pima County. In 
1911 he was United States Commissioner, and at the first State elec- 
tion was chosen Attorney of Pima County. During the years he 
practiced his profession in Pima County, before election to his present 
position, Mr. Hilzinger had achieved success and earned a reputation 
for ability, unquestionable moral courage and the strictest integrity. 



WHO S WHO 



CHARLES METCALFE. Superintendent of the Public Schools of 
Mohave County, was horn in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 18^5. His father, 
Henry Metcalfe, served in the Mexican War, was afterward captain 
of a steamboat on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and died in 1855. 

His mother, whose maiden 

name was Agnes Purvis, of 
Scotch descent, is well and ac- 
tive, though seventy-five years 
of age. She makes her home 
in Ohio. When but a child 
Charles went to Missouri, 
where he saw many of the 
stirring events of the Civil 
War ; at twenty-one he went 
to the lead mining regions of 
Southwest Missouri, was one 
of the first settlers of Webb 
City, and when it w r as incor- 
porated was the first City 
Treasurer. Pushing further 
west, he went to Harper 
County, Kansas, and was pub- 
lishing a newspaper at An- 
thony when the county was 
organized. In 1880 he fol- 
lowed the Santa Fe Railroad 
into New Mexico, where he 
rrm;invd for eleven years, en- 
gaged in mining and news- 
paper work. He was married in Las Cruces in 1885, and 
has three children, two girls and a boy, now grown. His 
next move was to the Pacific coast, where he spent five years between 
Los Angeles and Puget Sound, but the magnet of the great Southwest 
brought him to Arizona seventeen years ago, and he located in King- 
man, which has since been his home. He platted Metcalfe's Addition 
to the city, which is now a part of Kingman. Under Territorial 
government Mr. Metcalfe was elected and served as Probate Judee 
of Mohave County, and at the first State election was chosen to his 
present position. He is a member of the Masonic order, and Past Ex- 
alted Ruler of Kingman Lodge of Elks. He is the principal owner of 
the Great Eastern group of mines. While Mr. Metcalfe can hardly 
be reckoned among Arizona's pioneers, he is endowed with the true 
pioneer's instincts, broadened and developed in his various experiences 
in the several States of which he has been a pioneer, and with every 
faith in the future of the State which he has chosen for his permanent 
residence, has taken as a homestead a splendid tract of land in the 
beautiful Wallapai Valley, three miles from Kingman. 




IN ARIZONA 



523 




Thomas G. Morris 

THOMAS G. NORRIS, Attorney-at-Law, Prescott, is a native of 
Carroll County, Arkansas, where he was born at the outbreak of the 
Civil War, and is the son of Jonathan and Jane Cannon Norn's, who 
originally came from Tennessee. His father was a successful planter, 
but lost everything through the Civil War. Thomas Norn's w y as the 
seventh son of a large family, received his early education in his native 
State, and owing to the dire results of the War, was obliged to rely 
upon his own resources at an early age. He determined, however, to 
acquire an education, and succeeded bv means of his persistence. He 



524 W II O ' S WHO 

entered the University of Iowa, where he completed the course in law, 
and was graduated with the class of 1883. He began practicing his 
profession in Berryville, Arkansas, but remained there only six months, 
and then decided to come to Arizona. Six months were spent in St. 
Johns, and he then removed to Flagstaff and for a short time was in 
partnership with J. F. Wilson. That partnership being dissolved, he 
became a member of the firm of Norris & Ellinwood, which continued 
until 1893, when he removed to Prescott and became associated in 
practice with J. C. Herndon, constituting a firm of the ablest attorneys 
in the Territory. Mr. Norris is now T engaged in practice with E. J. 
Mitchell, in the Prescott National Bank Building. As an attorney 
he holds rank among the ablest in the State, and while in general pro- 
fessional work he has earned a reputation that is nut limited to Ari- 
zona, his greatest strength and most extensive practice are in corpora- 
tion and mining law. Having surmounted many difficulties, he has 
the unbounded satisfaction of knowing that his success and the stand- 
ing he has achieved in the legal fraternity of the State have been 
attained by hard work, his own determination and energy. In 
political affairs he has also been prominent. He was a member from 
Coconino County to the First Constitutional Convention, and the 
following year was elected Councilman at large for the Territory, and 
was President of the Council in 1893. He is a member of the 
Masons, Knights Templar and Mystic Shrine, in each is one of the 
active workers. In 1883 he was married to Miss Nannie E. Scar- 
borough, of Berryville, Arkansas, who died in 1894, leaving him a 
family of four children. In 1899 he was again married to Miss 
Laura W. Sharpe, of Toronto, Canada. Several years ago he became 
interested in the subject of general road improvement, and it was 
largely through his efforts that the State Road Association was organ- 
ized, W 7 hen he was elected its president, which office he still holds. 
He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the National High- 
way Association. Mr. Norris thinks that one of the best investments 
for State or Nation is a system of permanent highways, and is a per- 
sistent and enthusiastic advocate of this cause, in which his interest and 
energy have proven a strong impetus for general improvement. Mr. 
Norris is never too busy to go to the remote corners of the State 
to attend meetings or conventions, in the interests of good roads, 
and was one of a party who made a trip over Arizona, visiting every 
county in the State to secure nece^ary information about automo- 
bile trips for the National Highway Association. In the realiza- 
tion of his ambitions, the one that has proven to him the 
most gratifying investment of his life has been the education of his 
children, his oldest daughter having been graduated from Smith Col- 
lege, Northampton, Massachusetts, his second daughter from National 
Park Seminary, near Washington, D. C., and his two sons being now 
students at Yale. 



IN ARIZONA 



525 




I^eovi S. Jacobs 

LEON S. JACOBS, Representative from Maricopa County to the 
First State Legislature, is a native of this State, having been born in 
Phoenix June 27, 1886. He is the youngest member of the Legisla- 
ture. Mr. Jacobs was educated in the public schools of Phoenix, 
graduated from the High School, and afterward from Lamson Busi- 
ness College, after which he was for a time with the Stoddard Incor- 
porating Company. He was Secretary to the Arizona Anti-Joint 
Statehood League, and was Assistant to the Secretary of the First 
Annual Arizona Territorial Fair. He has also served as Deputy 
County Treasurer and Tax Collector, and Assistant Clerk to the 
Board of Supervisors under three Boards. Mr. Jacobs is a practicing 
attorney in Phoenix, having been recently admitted to practice in the 
State and is at present associated professionally with Frank H. Lyman. 
Although but 25 years old when elected to the Legislature, Mr. Jacobs 
has proven himself one of the most intense and thorough workers in the 
House, and in the regular session was active on several of the import- 
ant committees, in which his keen, analvtical mind and comprehensive 



526 



WHO S WHO 



grasp of things made him a valuable member. In the special session 
he was a member of the noted "Ax" committee, which thoroughly 
investigated the matter of public expenditures. He was also member 
ol the following committees: Judiciary, Enrolling and Engrossing, 
and Code Revision, being Chairman of the latter. Air. Jacobs is a 
. ! 2nd degree Mason and member of the Mystic Shrine, and both social- 
ly and politically is one of the best known young men, not only in his 
home city, but through much of the State. 



BEXTON DICK, Attorney-at-Law, Phoenix, while a comparative 
stranger in the legal circles of that city, is well known in other 
parts of the State, both in legal and general business circles. Previous 
to his removal to Phoenix he was District Attorney of Pima County 

almost eight years, having 
served from 1905 until 
the coming of statehood, 
when he refused to again 
become candidate for the 
office, as he considered the 
advantages of a substan- 
tial practice in the Capital 
City decidedly more at- 
tractive. Mr. Dick was 
born in Brownville, New 
York, in 1873. His fath- 
er, Henry Dick, w r as 
there a pioneer in railroad 
work, having spent many- 
years as conductor on the 
Rome, Watertown & Og- 
densburg, and later on the 
New York Central rail- 
road. Before coming to 
Arizona Benton Dick was 
employed by the latter 
road as train dispatcher, 
and frequently issued or- 
ders by which his father's 
train was conducted. Mr. 
Dick graduated from the 
High School, Camden, 
New York, but by continued study and close application, the advan- 
tages of his school course have been greatly enhanced. After his 
graduation he was employed for a short time in a mercantile house, 
but preferring to engage in railroad work, he learned telegraphy, 
and when but eighteen years of age was appointed train dispatcher, 




IN ARIZONA 27 

in which capacity he served eight years. In 1900 he came to Arizona; 
and was train dispatcher for the Southern Pacific at Tucson. He 
first secured a position as dispatcher for the Santa Fe, but having 
always been a strong union sympathizer, after ten days went out with 
the union when a strike was ordered. While in Tucson he resumed 
the study of law, which he had begun in the East, completed the 
course, and was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court. Mr. 
Dick organized the first Order of Railroad Conductors on the 
Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh railroad, and was an active member 
during the telegraphers' strike in 1907, having made a number of 
addresses in behalf of the strikers. Mr. Dick regards as one of the 
memorable events in his career as a railroad man the fact that he 
issued orders for the special train which carried the late President 
McKinley, the friend of the railroad man, over his division during the 
President's last trip through Arizona, and he highly regards a copy 
of the schedule prepared for the train on which the martyred Presi- 
dent rode on that journey. He has been particularly active in 
politics during his residence in Arizona, is a thorough Republican, 
and he it was who made the speech nominating Ralph Cameron in 
the last Territorial campaign, when he was elected Delegate to Con- 
gress. He also toured the State and made many addresses during 
that campaign. In 1893 Mr. Dick was married in Oswego, New 
York, and has four children, Ruth, Herbert, Russell and Virginia, 
the latter a thoroughbred Arizonan. 



KIRK T. MOORE, Representative from Pima, and member of the 
law firm of Moore & Bernard, was elected in 1908 to represent his 
County in the House of the Twenty-fifth Territorial Assembly. 
His father, A Til ton R. Moore, was a member of the Eighteenth 
Assembly, and from 1898 to 1907 served as Registrar of the United 
States Land Office. Kirk T. Moore was born in Topeka, Kansas, 
October 4, 1882, but has lived also in Colorado, California and 
Arizona, in each of which States he received a portion of his education. 
The family removed to this State in 1893. He was a student at 
the University of Arizona from 1899 to 1904, and then attended 
Leland Stanford Junior University during the next three years, 
and was there graduated with the degree LL. B. in 1908. He was 
admitted to practice before the Supreme Court in November of the 
same year, and immediately engaged in partnership with F. H. 
Bernard. In March, 1909, at the close of the Territorial Legisla- 
ture, he was appointed Territorial Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, by Governor Joseph H. Kibbey, and served in this capacity 
until Arizona was admitted to the Union. During his term in the 
First State Legislature he was one of the most active members in 
behalf of educational matters. He is now a member of the Com- 
mittees on Education, Code Revision, Judiciary, and Enrolling and 
Engrossing. 



528 



W H O S WHO 




Tom K. Richey 

TOM K. RICHEY, Attorney-at-Law and former City Attorney of 
Tucson, was born in Girard, Kansas, June 27, 1874. His parents, 
George H. and Fannie Gossin Richey, were natives of Ohio, whose 
ancestors were early settlers in that State and Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Richey was educated in the public schools of Kansas, and later 
attended St. John's Military Academy, Salina, Kansas. His first 
regular occupation was selling newspapers in Leadville, Colorado, 
and he has since been employed in various capacities in different States, 
having worked with city engineering force, in a coal mine, in a print- 
ing office, railway office in Pittsburg, Kansas, C. B. & Q. office, 
Chicago, and in a grocery store. Weir City, Kansas. From 18% 
to 1898 he taught in the public schools of Arcadia, Kansas, and the 
following year was elected Superintendent of the Schools of Craw- 
ford County for a two years' term, his leisure time during all of his 
educational work being devoted to the study of law. In 1901 he 
served as Reading Clerk in the Kansas Legislature, and the same year 
was admitted to the practice of law in that State. He went to Law T - 



I N A R I Z O N A 529 

ton, Oklahoma, in the fall of 1001, at the opening of the Kiowa, 
Comanche and Apache country, and was admitted to the bar of Okla- 
homa, and established a nice practice there, remaining : il 1904, and 
came to Arizona in 1905, located in Tucson, where he immediately en- 
gaged in the practice of law, and has since been a resident of that city. 
In the new field Mr. Richer soon acquired a prominence in his profes- 
sion and found his experiences in various phases of life a valuable aid 
in his work. In 1907 he was appointed City Attorney, and held the of- 
fice until 1911. His thorough knowledge of the law and of existing 
conditions, and his genuine integrity, have caused him to be recog- 
nized as not only one of the leading, but one of the most reliable 
attorneys in Southern Arizona. Mr. Richey is a member of the 
Masons, Elks and Knights of Pythias. He was married July 19, 
1911, to Miss Marie Grandpre. They have one son, Thomas Vic- 
tor Richey. 



W. P. GILMORE. County Attorney of Cochise, was born in Aug- 
laize County, Ohio, October 13, 1866. His parents, A. G. and Emma 
Gilmore, were also natives of that State, and his ancestors have been 
in tins country since 1689, when the first one located in Boston, having 
fought in the Pretender ' Cause in England, and been obliged to flee 
from the country to save his life. He was from the English branch of 
the family and all of his direct descendants are Protestants. Among 
Cromwell's Army when they invaded Ireland there was another of his 
ancestors named Gilmore, who remained there and among whose de- 
scendants are Bishop Gilmore of the Catholic Church, Cleveland; 
Patrick S. Gilmore, the noted band leader, and General Gilmore, who 
planted the big gun known as the "Swamp Angel" near Charleston in 
the Civil War. His maternal ancestors were among the very early 
settlers of Maryland and Virginia, and his mother is a direct de- 
scendant of Bishop Latimer, who was burned at the stake in Queen 
Mary's time, along w T ith Ridley. Mr. Gilmore attended the public 
schools, then Ohio Northern University, at Ada, from which he was 
graduated LL. B. and B. S. in 1893. During the early part of his 
college course he was appointed instructor in geometry, trigonometry 
and algebra, and later of Latin and Commercial Law T . Immediately 
after his graduation he was admitted to the bar in Ohio, and July of 
the same year he came to Arizona for his health. He afterwards lo- 
cated in California, was admitted to practice there, but ten years ago 
returned to Arizona, located in Tombstone, his present home, and 
was admitted to practice in this State. Mr. Gilmore came from the 
portion of Ohio where a Republican is a rarity. His native county 
enjoys the distinction of having had but two Republican office holders 
in forty-five years, and Jackson Township for nearly twenty years did 
not have a Republican vote. So, naturally he is a Democrat. He was 
elected to his present position in 1911 by a majority of 711, the sec- 
ond highest received in Cochise County, and has made an excellent 



530 



W H O S WHO 




W. C4. Gilmore 

official. He had previously served as Attorney of Tombstone for 
two years. In November, 1911, he was elected Grand Chancellor of 
the Knights of Phythias for the Domain of Arizona, and served 18 
months. During 1912 the order made the greatest gain in the State 
that has been made in its history with the exception of the year 1902. 
He is also a prominent and active member of Bisbee Lodge No. 671 
B. P. O. E. Mr. Gilmore was married in Los Angeles to Miss 
Minta Keach, a native of Texas. Two children, Muriel, aged seven, 
and Stuart, aged four, have been born to them. 



FRED L. INGRAHAM, County Attorney of Yuma, has been iden- 
tified with the political life of Arizona for a number of vears, and is 
particularly well known for the part he took in the Constitutional 
Convention in 1910, having been a member of the committee which 
drafted the Corporation Commission provision, and also of the Style, 
Revision and Compilation Committee, and together with Mr. M. 
G. Cunniff, President of the First State Senate, and Lysander 
Cassidy, a w r ell known citizen of Phoenix. Mr. Ingraham was born 
in 1868, in Ohio, where his father, Richard Ingraham, was a merchant 



IN ARIZONA 



531 




Fred L. Ingraham 

and farmer. His mother, Lucy Lewis Ingraham, was a descendant 
of one of the well known pioneer families of that State. His for- 
bears on both sides were among the pioneers of Ohio and Michigan. 
Mr. Ingraham attended public schools in Ohio and Michigan, and 
was afterwards graduated from the Law and Literary Departments 
of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. After completing his 
course he was for some time instructor in English at Ypsilanti Normal 
College, Michigan, where he established an excellent reputation as an 
exponent and teacher of pure English. In 1907 he was united in 
marriage with Miss Inez Jacobs, a daughter of one of the pioneer 
families of Arizona, her family having been among the early settlers 
of Yuma. To this union has been born one daughter, Alice. Mr. 
Ingraham not only takes a prominent part in the political life of the 
State, but is also a substantial business man, a stockholder and director 
of the Yuma National Bank, and a large landholder. During his 
term of office he has given general satisfaction as a prosecutor and has 
conducted the affairs of the office in a manner thoroughly satisfactory 
to the voters of the county. 



532 



WHO S WHO 



FRANK L. CROFOOT. Representative from Pima County, was born 
in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, May 3, 1882. He came to Arizona in 
1906, and located in Tucson, his present home. Mr. Crofoot is a 
Republican, and almost at once began to take an active interest in the 

workings of his party in 
the State, and especial- 
ly in Pima County. He 
was one of two Repub- 
licans elected to the 
First State Legislature 
out of Pima County's 
delegation of five, and, 
although one of the mi- 
nority, he has taken a 
prominent part in the 
deliberations of the 
House, his work in the 
committee room having 
been especally com- 
mended by his col- 
leagues. Mr. Crofoot 
is Chairman of the 
Style, Revision and 
Compilation Commit- 
tee, and member of the 
.Appropriations, Enroll- 
ing and Engrossing and 
Judiciary Committees. 
Mr. Crofoot had the 
distinction of being the 
only member of the minority in either house to have a chairmanship 
during the regular session, and the first special session. He was 
chairman of the Committee on Militia and Public Defense, and this 
committe had charge of the militia code in the lower house. Of this 
measure, passed during the regular session, General Evans, Chief of 
the Bureau of Militia of the United States Army, said: "This bill, if 
passed without amendment, will give Arizona the best militia code of 
any State in the Union." It was passed without amendment largely 
through the efforts of the Chairman of the House Committee. Mr. 
Crofoot has held important accounting positions since he came to 
Arizona in 1906. He has been a member of the Republican County 
Central Committee for five years and has served as Secretary of the 
City Central Committee. Mr. Crofoot has always been a hard 
worker in the interests of his party, has a wide acquaintance not only 
in Pima County, but over the entire State, and his record in the Leg- 
islature is one of which he is justly proud. 





IN ARIZONA 



533 



GEORGE HENRY CROSBY. JR., County Attorney of Graham, was 
born in Hebron, Utah, February 29, 1872, and is the son of George 
H. and Sarah Brown Crosby. The family moved to Arizona in 
1886, and until he was almost 19 years old George H. Crosby, Jr., 

had few educational 
advantages. He then 
returned to Utah, 
attended and was 
graduated from the 
Normal course of the 
Latter-day Saints Col- 
lege in 1892, from the 
same course in the 
University of Utah in 
1895, and from the 
Scientific course of the 
University in 1903, 
having in the meantime 
worked as teacher and 
editor of the "Southern 
Censor" in order to 
make it possible for 
him to continue his 
studies. He was the 
leader in founding and 
settling the town of 
Torrey, in Wayne 
County, Utah. He 
has had a busy career and among his friends is noted for his capacity 
for hard work. He was a member of the Legislature of LTtah in 
1899 and 1903, and editor of the "Richfield Reaper" in 1901-1902. 
In connection with his other duties, he has been very active in the 
Mormon Church, and is well known as a lecturer, church and 
political speaker. He began the study of law in the office of an 
attorney, but completed it at the University of Michigan. He then 
returned to Arizona to practice, and for seven years was the only one 
of his faith practicing law in the Territory. In 1905-1906 he was 
District Attorney of Apache County, and in the latter year was a 
member of the Anti-Joint Statehood Commission, and succeeded in 
the face of great odds in carrying Apache County against joint state- 
hood, having done much toward this end by a paper called "Plain 
Talk," which he published in behalf of the movement. In 1907 he 
moved to Safford, Graham County, where he soon built up an ex- 
cellent practice. He has served as Justice of the Peace two terms, 
County Surveyor one term, and was elected to the office of County 
Attorney in 1911. His father was a member of the Eighteenth Terri- 




534 



WHO S \V H O 



torial Legislature, and was familiarly known as 'The Gentleman 
from Apache." Mr. Crosby was married August 8, 1894, to Miss 
Martha Miller, and they have one boy and a pair of twin girls. 

JESSE E. CROSBY, County Attorney of Navajo, comes from one of 
the pioneer families of the State, and inherits his ability and taste for 
official life from his father, G. H. Crosby, who, aside from taking an 
active part in the official life of Utah, made his mark as a public 

official in Arizona. The 
family have lived here since 
1885, when Jesse was but 
five years of age. As Sheriff 
of Washington Count y, 
Utah, the elder Crosby made 
a reputation which followed 
him to Arizona, and when he 
became a candidate for the 
Legislature his election fol- 
lowed as a matter of course. 
He was one of the active 
members of the la\v-making 
body in 1895 and 1896, the 
year Xavajo County was 
formed. He was a staunch 
Republican, a man loved and 
respected by all who knew 
him, and his word was as 
good as his bond. His son 
Jesse has followed in his 
footsteps and his future is 
promising. Like his father 
he is a Republican, and en- 
joys the confidence of all 
with whom he comes in con- 
tact. Jesse Crosby was 
raised on a ranch, received 
a common school education 
in Arizona, and afterward 
took a course in the Utah 
Agricultural College. He 
then went to Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, where he com- 
pleted the law course. He immediately came to Arizona, and, having 
been admitted to the bar, practiced for a short time, when he was 
elected to the office of County Attorney, which he now holds. Though 
quite a young man, Mr. Crosby was successful as a practicing attorney, 
and since assuming office has acquitted himself most creditably. He 




IN ARIZONA 



535 



has been an efficient officer and his constituents are well pleased with 
work. 



SAMUEL FREDERICK NOON, County Attorney of Santa Cruz, has 
been for a number of years connected with the official life of the 
State, having grown from childhood in what is now Santa Cruz 
County. He was born in California in 1877, but the family 

removed to Arizona 
when he was but two 
years of age. Air. Noon 
is the son of Dr. A. H. 
and Emma Slaughter 
Noon. He is practically 
self - educated and a 
close student, and is a 
shining example of 
what can be accom- 
plished by energy and 
perseverance. He was 
the first Clerk of the 
District Court in and 
for the County of Santa 
Cruz under the Terri- 
torial organization, and 
held this position for six 
years. He has also serv- 
ed as Commissioner of 
the District Court of 
Santa Cruz, and Deputy 
United States Consul at 
Nogales, Sonora. During 
his leisure time in these 
positions he studied law 
and was admitted to practice in 1904. In the fall of the same year, 
when elected District Attorney, he resigned the position of Clerk of 
the Court and devoted his time to the duties of the latter office and the 
building up of a practice, w T hich has assumed gratifying proportions. 
Besides practice in the courts of Arizona, Mr. Noon conducts an ex- 
tensive practice in the courts of Mexico, with the procedure of which 
he is thoroughly familiar, and before the United States Land Office. 
He is proficient in Spanish, and in the courts of either country is on 
familiar ground. He is a member of the Masons, Elks and Odd Fel- 
lows, and well known and popular fraternally and socially. In 1901 
he was married to Miss Natalie F. Bonsall, of Bloomington, Indiana, 
and they are the proud parents of three children, Bonsall, Edith and 
Sarah. 




536 



WHO S WHO 




Everett Victor Horton 

EVERETT VICTOR HORTON, first County Attorney of Greenlee, has 
also the distinction of having been the first District Attorney of 
Greenlee County, upon its formation. He was elected to his present 
office by a large majority, principally because of the fine record he 
made while serving under the Territorial laws. He was born in 
Maxwell, Tennessee, in 1880, finished the common school course in 
that State, and then attended Burritt College, where he took the 
degree of B. S. He then taught school for several years, until he 
came to Arizona, in 1903. Here he was first connected with the 
Arizona Copper Company in a clerical position for three years, after 
which he returned to Tennessee and took a course in law in Vander- 
bilt University, Nashville. He received his diploma in 1907 and at 
once returned to Arizona, was admitted to practice, and, until he 
was elected one of the last officials of the Territory, was engaged in 
building up a substantial practice. Mr. Horton is a Democrat of 
the Progressive type, and has become well known over the State as an 
able attorney and a strong prosecutor. Among the notable cases he 
has handled are the famous cattle thieves' conviction, and the securing 



IN ARIZONA 



537 



of a life sentence for the murderer who recently killed two Deputy 
Sheriffs of the County. Mr. Horton married Miss Katherine Jean 
Anderson, a native of Waverly, Tennessee, and to the union has been 
born one son, Edward. Mrs. Horton is a descendant of one of the 
old southern families, and with her husband takes a prominent part 
in the social life of their home town. Mr. Horton is a member of 
the Odd Fellows and Moose lodges. 



CHARLES BIRGE WILSON, County Attorney of Coconino, although 
a resident of the State but a couple of years, during which he has 
made his home at Flagstaff, has won an enviable reputation both in 
private practice and as County Attorney. Mr. Wilson was born at 

Monmouth, Illinois, June 9, 1877, 
educated in the public schools and 
later graduated from Brown's Busi- 
ness College, Galesburg. He was 
then in the employ of Adams' Ex- 
press Company for six years in the 
Superintendent's office, Secretary to 
the Mayor of Galesburg, Substitute 
Court Reporter, and Secretary 
to F. M. Trissal, a promi- 
nent railroad attorney. Having 
completed a course in law, he 
was admitted to practice before the 
Supreme Court of Illinois in April, 
1903, and for six years following 
conducted a general practice in Chi- 
cago. For one year he was asso- 
ciated with the legal department of 
the Pittsburgh Coal Company at 
Chicago. He came to Arizona Oc- 
tober 1, 1909, locating at Glendale 
and after spending a winter there 
was so well pleased with the State 
that he decided to make it his future 
home. He chose Flagstaff as his most 

promising field, and from the success he has already attained there it is 
evident his choice was a wise one. In April, 1910, he was admitted 
to practice before the Supreme Court of Arizona. Mr. Wilson is 
the son of James H. and Ellen Birge Wilson. He is practically a 
self-made man, has a high sense of moral duty and the courage of his 
convictions. He is a member of the Masons, Knights of Pythias 
and M. W. of A. He was married November 29, 1904, to Miss 
Katharine Mars, of Galesburg, Illinois. 




538 



\\ H O S WHO 



JAMES GILLIAM BOGARD, County Attorney of Final, was born in 
Tennessee, July 29, 1849. His parents, W. J. and Abigail Ezell 
Bogard, were prominent in the early development of the South. His 
father was a Captain in the Confederate army, and two of his moth- 
er's brothers were 
veterans of the 
Southern Confed- 
eracy. Mr. Bogard 
was a member of 
the Home Guards 
of Tennessee dur- 
ing the Civil War, 
being too young at 
the time to join in 
the active cam- 
paign for the pres- 
ervation of the 
South. He is a 
member of the 
Masonic order and 
takes an active in- 
terest in its affairs. 
Mr. Bogard is a 
typically self-made 
man, and self-edu- 
cated, never hav- 
ing had more than 
one year in school. 
He taught school 
three years in 
Texas, and studied 
law in the mean- 
time. He was admitted to the bar in 1886, in Texas, at Mangum, 
on ground which was later awarded to Oklahoma. After the Ter- 
ritory was taken over by the new State he was made a Probate Judge. 
He afterwards returned to Texas from Oklahoma, and there he was 
elected Attorney of Star County, and at the expiration of his first 
term was re-elected by a large majority. He w r as forced to resign 
that position owing to his wife's health, which was the reason for 
their coming to Arizona. During his residence here Mr. Bogard 
has established a large practice, and since assuming his duties as 
County Attorney has shown such ability as a prosecutor that the 
voters of Final County are well satisfied with the results obtained. 
He was married October 2, 1873, to Miss Molly J. Winkler, who 
has since died. To the union were born two children, Clifton and 
Lora Inez, the latter having become Mrs. Williamson. 




IN ARIZONA 



ALBERT S. HAWKINS, attorney at law, a member of the firm of 
Hawkins & Hawkins, of Phoenix, is best known locally through the 
excellent record as attorney, District Attorney, Member of the House 
and Senate, which preceded him from Texas, his former home. Mr. 

Hawkins was born in Fannin 
County, that state, in 1868. He 
is the son of Reverend S. J. 
Hawkins, deceased, of North 
Texas, and Mrs. E. M. Hawk- 
ins, now of Dallas, Texas, and 
is a nephew of ex-Governor 
Alvin Hawkins, of Tennessee. 
His early education was received 
in the public schools, and he aft- 
erwards attended Southwestern 
University, Georgetown, Texas. 
Having been admitted to the 
practice of law at Gatesville, he 
followed this profession for 
about 23 years at Mid- 
land and Abilene, and through- 
out West Texas is well known 
as an attorney. In 1893 Mr. 
Hawkins was elected to the 
House of Representatives to rep- 
resent Midland and 29 other 
counties and during the term 
was author of the law creating 

the Live Stock Sanitary Commission of Texas, which has been produc- 
tive of very good results. He was later District Attorney of the 32nd 
Judicial District. In 1901 he was again elected member of the House 
of Representatives, and in the same year became known as the author 
of the School Land Law, which opened up the western part of the 
state to settlers, thereby furnishing homes to thousands of families and 
adding millions of dollars to the tax rolls of the state. Mr. Hawkins' 
political record is a most unique one in that he has never taken ad- 
vantage of a political position to secure a further grip on public pat- 
ronage and has always refused to allow his name to be used as candi- 
date to succeed himself. In 1904 he was elected to the State Senate 
from the Abilene District, and was the author of the law pro- 
viding for state and county depositories, which keeps the state funds 
in circulation and each year yields a revenue more than sufficient to 
pay the expenses of the Treasury Department. He was thereafter 
spoken of as The Financier of the Senate. Although Mr. Hawkins 
became an Arizonan just about a year ago, when he took up his resi- 
dence in Phoenix, he has already become thoroughly imbued with the 




540 



WHO S WHO 



spirit of the new state. A true Southern Democrat, his interests 
affiliated with that party here it would seem that his years of experi- 
ence in legal and legislative work in the State of Texas would prove a 
boon to Arizona, for he has already, by means of valuable sugges- 
tions, been of material aid to her worthy legislators. In 1904, the 
year in which he was elected Senator, Mr. Hawkins was married to 
Miss Sallie W. Bell, of Marshall, Texas. 




Lyndsay D. Hawkins 

LYNDSAY D. HAWKINS, Attorney-at-Law and junior member of 
the firm of Hawkins & Hawkins, Phoenix, is the son of Ella Dickason 
and William E. Hawkins, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Texas. Mr. Hawkins was born in Dallas, Texas, October 24, 1887, 
attended the public schools and Southwestern University, Georgetown, 
Texas, and in June, 1910, was graduated from the latter with the 
degree B. S. Having completed the law course, he was admitted to 
practice in Texas in 1911, practiced there but a short time, and came 
to Arizona in March, 1912. He located in Phoenix and became 
associated with his uncle, Albert S. Hawkins, one of the well known 
attorneys of that city. Mr. Hawkins is a member of the Council 
of the Masonic Order, and President of the Woodrow Wilson Ari- 
zona College Men's League. He is also a consistent member of the 
M. E. Church, South. 



IN ARIZONA 



541 




542 



W H O S WHO 



HARRY C. WHEELER, Sheriff of Cochise County, is one of the 
most capable men who has ever filled the office of Sheriff in the 
State, and brought to the office a fund of most valuable experience 
in this line of work, which he acquired during his term of service 
with the Arizona Rangers. This, in addition to his complete knowl- 
edge of modern business methods which he has introduced into the 
management of the office, has made his official career, though short, 
a memorable one in Cochise County. By the introduction of an 
automobile the pursuit of prisoners in even the remote parts of the 
county has been facilitated, and the expense incident to the same 
greatly reduced, so that the great expanse of the county is covered 
with a degree of satisfaction never before experienced at the mini- 
mum of expense. Sheriff Wheeler was born in Florida in 1875. 
His father, Colonel William B. Wheeler, saw service in the Philip- 
pine Islands, having participated in a number of battles, prominent 
among which was the battle of Manila. His mother was Miss 
Cornwall, daughter of Judge Harry Cornwall of Virginia, law part- 
ner of Dan Voorhees, a firm which became famous in Illinois. Sheriff 
Wheeler, like his father, has a military record, having served in the 
Spanish War as a member of the 1st U. S. Regulars from Oklahoma. 
On coming to Arizona, in 1900, he located in Tombstone, in a short 
time became a member of the Rangers as a private and before the 
organization was disbanded had been promoted to the rank of Cap- 
tain. Mr. Wheeler married Miss Olive Stafford, of California, 
and has one son, Allvn. They make their home in Tombstone. 



JOHX D. PATTY, Sheriff of Greenlee County, was born in Colum- 
bia, S. C., in 1868. His parents were both natives of South Carolina, 
his father, Mark Patty, having been owner of a large flour mill for 
many years, and his mother was Hannah Cable Patty. Mr. Patty was 
educated in his native State and lived there until 1889, when he 
came to Arizona. Here he at once became associated with Wade 
Hampton in the cattle business and is still in partnership with him, 
being a member of the well-known Patty-Hampton Cattle Company. 
Before the organization of Greenlee County, while a resident of Gra- 
ham County, Mr. Patty was appointed deputy to Sheriff Ander- 
son, and was in charge of the eastern end of the county, and when di- 
vision was made, he was elected Constable and made Deputy Sheriff, 
in which capacity he served in all five years. His record as peace of- 
ficer was so high and his experience so broad that he had no difficulty 
whatever in securing the election to his present position, having been 
much in the lead of his ticket, and elected by a large majority over the 
incumbent at that time. Not only in a business and political way is 
Mr. Patty well known and popular, but in a fraternal way also, as 



IN ARIZONA 



543 



he is a member of the Scottish Rite Masons, the Shrine, and the 
Elks. He was married December 22, 1912, to Mrs. Grace Kreuder, 
a native of Kansas. 




Charles C. Keeler 

CHARLES C. KEELER, Sheriff of Yavapai County, was born in 
Des Moines, lov a, /' pril 13, 1859. His father, Eli Keeler, was a 
Captain in the Union Army during the Civil War, having enlisted 
from Des Moines. Mr. Keeler has been in every state and territory 
west of the Mississippi River, as well as in Mexico, and first came 
to Arizona in 1888. He first lived in Phoenix, but removed to 
Prescott, where he has lived for the past twenty-three years. During 
most of this time he has been engaged in trading and mining, but has 
also been employed as a government packer. He served three years 
as Deputy under Sheriff James Smith of Yavapai, won many friend? 
and much commendation while in this position, and it was largely 
on his record as Deputy Sheriff that he was elected to his present 
office in the fall of 1911. 



544 



W H O S WHO 



W. F. HAYNES, Sheriff of Gila County, has the distinction of hav- 
ing been elected to office by the largest vote polled for any man in the 
County, which is due, no doubt, to the record he made as under sheriff, 
and while filling the unexpired term of his predecessor, J. H. 
Thompson, which w r as ample assurance to the people of Gila County 
that the duties of the office would be carefully and conscientiously 
performed. Frank Haynes is a typical southerner and was born in 
Sharon, Tennessee, September 7, 1874. He was reared on a farm 







W. F. Haynes 



and educated in the public schools of Tennessee and of Texas, where 
he removed with his mother. Left an orphan at the age of two years 
by the death of his father, he early took upon himself responsibilities, 
and from the age of fourteen, when he moved to Texas, was variously 
employed as cowboy, rancher and in other capacities, until he reached 
his majority. At that time he began his career as a railroad man, 
which line he followed until the time he was appointed to the office 
of Deputy Sheriff in 1908. He was known throughout the South- 
west as one of the most efficient and courteous conductors in the 



IN ARIZONA 



545 



service and it was partially due to his popularity as a railroad man 
that he received so large a majority at the primaries and the election. 
He still retains his membership in the Order of Railroad Conductors, 
and the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. He is a member of the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles, and a life member of the B. P. O. E. He 
is a descendant of a long line of southern Democrats, and is a staunch 
member of the party. 




JAMES E. McGEE, Sheriff of Final County, was born on the 2nd 
day of January, 1870, in Crawford County, Arkansas. When he was 
five years old his father, becoming interested in the gold movement 
in California, left Arkansas for California, crossing the plains and 

desert in the proverbial 
"Prairie Schooner" pro- 

_ . _,, pelled by a yoke of oxen. 

They were over a year 
making the trip to the 
Golden State, upon 
reaching which the fath- 
er found much more 
gold by tilling the soil 
than by mining, and 
settled in T u 1 a r e 
County. Here is where 
Sheriff McGee received 
his education, as the 
children of the pioneers 
were educated ; here is 
where he received his 
early training in trailing 
man and beast. Leav- 
ing California for Ari- 
zona, at the age of 
twenty-three, he had 
his first experience in 
the official business, 
catching a train hold-up 
man in Yuma County. 
Florence, Arizona, be- 
ing the seat of the 

United States Court, at that time, he brought his prisoner to Florence, 
Final County. Two weeks later he was offered the position of 
Deputy Sheriff of Final County, which position he accepted and filled 
until 1904, when he joined the Arizona Rangers, and was appointed 
sergeant under Captain Rynning. In 1906 he resigned his ranger 



54(5 



W H () S WHO 



position and was elected Sheriff of Final County, which position he 
still holds. He is recognized as a courageous officer, a man of the 
West, one of the best shots in Arizona, a man who detests crime, and 
whom criminals fear, a man who has done his part to clear Southern 
Arizona of that element which dominated it for years. Sherifl 
McGee is the son of Benjamin F. and Margaret Button McGee, 
both of whom are well known residents of Florence. His wife was 
formerly Miss Mary Harris. They have two daughters, Mildred 
and Florence. He is a 32nd degree Mason, a member of the Elks 
and Moose, and a man of whom Final County may well be proud. 



THOMAS E. PULLIAM, Sheriff of Coconino County, was born at 
Fort Smith, Arkansas, in 1861, where he received his early training, 
education and business experience. It was at an early age he departed 
from the home circle, and began the battle of life unaided. His gen- 
ial good humor and ability to 
make the best of every situation 
in life has saved him the hu- 
mility of defeat in many a hard 
fought battle. Mr. Pulliam 
came to Flagstaff from Los An- 
geles in the spring of 1889, and 
it was but a short time before 
he found himself surrounded by 
a host of newly made, but 
staurch friends, who have ever 
stood him in good stead politi- 
cally, as w r ell as socially. In 
1896 he was elected by a large 
majority to the office of Re- 
corder of the County, and by 
reason of good service, courte- 
ous treatment, and unfailing 
good nature to those with w r hom 
he came in contact, he was re- 
elected in 1898. At the close 
of his second term, as a further 
.^^^^^ l _ lllll>lll ^_ 1-1 __ - ________ 1 ___ 1 ____ testimony of his w^orth and 

^^ZZZZZZZZ!^!ZIZZZ^ ability, he was elected a mem- 

ber of the Board of Supervisors 

for Coconino County; and now, last but not least, comes his election 
to the important office of Sheriff. His fearless and conscientious dis- 
position, together with his experience as Deputy Sheriff, are assur- 
ances that he will fill the office with credit, both to himself and the 
new State of Arizona. Mr. Pulliam is a member of the Masonic 
Lodge No. 7, and Lodge No. 491, B. P. O. E. of Flagstaff. 




IX ARIZONA 



547 




SYLVESTER PERALTA, Sheriff of Apache County is one of the besi 
known peace officers in Arizona, and one of the oldest in the service. 
He is now serving his fourth term. He was first elected in 1902 b\ 
a large majority, conducted the office in a most creditable mannei, 

and at the end of the 
two years returned to 
private life. When 
two years had elapsed, 
he was urged to accept 
another term and after 
he had served his sec- 
ond term, was elected 
by the largest majority 
ever received by any 
candidate for the of- 
fice. As a peace of f i 
cer he is fair, but fear- 
less, and has taken 
man}- a bad man since 
first elected. He uses 
care in the selection of 
his deputies and his 
under sheriff, and 
they, too, have made 
excellent records. He 
has, in fact, proven a 
very efficient officer in 
the capacity of sheriff 
and the people of 

Apache County have 

shown the most marked 

appreciation of the exceptional service rendered the county by him. 
Sheriff Peralta was born in New Mexico and came to Arizona when 
but a child with his parents, Patricio and Juanita Candelaria Peralta. 
His father was a prominent cattleman in New Mexico, but shortly 
after removing to Arizona disposed of his cattle business and devoted 
his efforts to the rearing of sheep, and in this line Sheriff Peralta is 
now actively interested. Having practically grown up in the environ- 
ment of the sheep industry, he is rightfully reckoned a well informed 
man on the subject, and having been a resident of the state since he 
was three years of age, he is truly a typical Arizonan. Not only in 
Apache County, but throughout the state, Sheriff Peralta is well 
known and well liked. He married Miss Clara Chaves, member of a 
well known and prominent Arizona family, and they have an inter- 
esting family composed of four children, Beatrice, Christina, Sophia 
and Adela. 



548 



WHO S WHO 



FRANK JOSEPH TAYLOR, Deputy Sheriff of Santa Cruz County, 
has, during his short term of office, established a reputation through- 
out the state for ability and effi- 
ciency. He has assisted Sheriff 
McKnight in the capture of the 
International Shoplifters, not only 
aiding in the securing of evidence, 
but also in the making of arrests 
and recovery of the property. He 
is the son of J. R. and Eliza M. 
Taylor, and was born in Los An- 
geles in 1885. His father was a 
well known mining man. Frank 
Taylor received his education in 
the public schools, which course 
was supplemented by a business 
college education, and for several 
years he was employed as stenog- 
rapher and railroad clerk, during 
which time he acquired knowledge 
which has proven valuable to him 
since in public office. He obtained 
the nomination in Santa Cruz for 
County Recorder, and was defeat- 
ed at the polls by but a few votes. 
After Sheriff McKnight assumed 
his office he appointed Mr. Tay- 
lor Deputy Sheriff, a selection 
which has proven most satisfactory 
to the voters of the County. Mr. 
Taylor was married December 26, 
1912, to Miss Ethel Armita^e, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. 

Armitage, of Benson, Arizona. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor have estab- 
lished their home in Nogales. 




FRANK P. FAIRCHILD, Deputy Sheriff under Thomas E. Pulliam, 
was born in El Paso, Texas, in 1884, and came to Coconino County 
at the age of two years. His father, Fletcher Fairchild, was Sheriff 
of Coconino, having been elected to the position because of the record 
he- had made as Deputy. He was one of the best officers who ever 
filled the position, and captured a gang of rustlers single handed, and 
lead in the capture of several other gangs while in office. He made 
a record as an officer in Texas and New Mexico. Frank P. Fairchild 
was county Ranger for several years and as Deputy Sheriff has shown 



IN ARIZONA 



549 




Frank P. Fairchild 



that "blood will tell." His future as an officer looks bright, and 
friends declare he will yet become as well known as his father. He 
was educated in the public schools of Arizona and afterwards attended 
the Normal. He served a term in the State Militia, receiving an 
honorable discharge. He is a member of the Elks, Eagles and Moose 
Lodges and takes a prominent part in the affairs of the different or- 
ganizations. He is well known over the County, being among the 
most popular young men of Northern Arizona. 



in 
to 



nor 
and 
this is 
Every 



SANTA CRUZ COUNTY was never more prosperous 
better financial condition than at the present time, 
the capable administration of its present officials 
entirely due. To the Supervisors is especial credit due. 
member of the Board is a resident of many years' standing, and they 
represent years of experience in the different industries to which 
Santa Cruz owes her prosperity ranching, mining and cattle raising. 
In Santa Cruz, as is the case almost all over Arizona, the need of good 
roads is thoroughly realized, and on this subject the supervisors are 
most enthusiastic. The Chairman, Alexander H. Henderson, at the 
recent convention of supervisors held at Phoenix, Introduced a plan 
to issue $5,000,000 worth of bonds for the building of better high- 



WHO'S WHO 



ways, which plan was endorsed. While much has been done during 
their term of office, their expenditures have shown both wisdom and 
foresight, and the county money has been spent in a way that has 
shown, or will show, the most gratifying results. The members of 
the Board, of whom sketches follow, are all substantial men of affairs 
in Santa Cruz. 



ALEXANDER S. HEXDERSOX, Chairman, is one of the best known 
business men in the Patagonia region, having been interested for 
many years in mining, cattle growing and merchandise, and his gen- 
eral store is one of the principal places of business in Patagonia. In 
mining matters he is associated with Mr. John F. Campbell, their 
holdings comprising one large group in the vicinity of Duquesne, and 
another in the World's Fair region, in all of which they have recently 
interested investors in the east and have assurance that capital for the 
thorough development of these claims will be forthcoming. Mr. 
Henderson also has valuable claims in the Santa Rita mountains. 
Mr. Henderson is a native of Canada. He came to this country 
when quite a young man, and has made it his home ever since, and all 
his interests are in Santa Cruz Countv. 



WALTER C. FORTUXE, member of the Board of Supervisors of 
Santa Cruz County, is a son of James and Elizabeth Brown Fortune, 
of Maryland, and was born in that State in 1874, and there educated 
in the public schools. He lost both parents, however, when he was 
very young, his mother's death having occurred the year succeeding 
that of his father. He came to Arizona about 1890 and started in 
freighting business, in which he continued about ten years. He then 
disposed of that business at a profit and engaged in the cattle business 
on an open range. This he has conducted with great success, and he 
is now one of the most prominent cattle men of his vicinity, his inter- 
ests being about one mile from Patagonia. Mr. Fortune is also 
interested in valuable mining properties about Patagonia. He is a 
Southern Democrat, and at both the primaries and the general election 
led the ticket in Santa Cruz County, an evident appreciation of his 
worth and work, for, like the other members of the Board, Mr. 
Fortune is one of the solid citizens of Santa Cruz, and well veresd in 
his knowledge of the county. He is an active member of the Moose 
Lodge. He was married in 1907 to Miss Anna Hellman, a native of 
Germany. They have two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. 



ARTHUR LESLIE PECK, Supervisor, is one of the oldest residents of 
Santa Cruz County, and a native of Chatauqua County, New York. 
Mr. Peck left his home at the age of sixteen, spent some time in the 



IN ARIZONA 



551 



mining sections of Nevada and California, and landed in Arizona in 
1880. He has endured many of the hardships and privations of the 
early pioneer life, and both his wife and child were killed by Indians 
in the early eighties, in the mountains about six miles from the present 
site of Nogales. Mr. Peck is a practical miner, and has been fore- 
man in several of the large mines. He now has interests in several 
of the valuable properties in the Patagonia region, notably the Cres- 
cent Copper Company and the Tres de Mayo property. He lived 
in this district for years before Santa Cruz County was formed, and 




Arthur Leslie Peck 



Alexander S. Henderson 



Walter C. Fortune 



was appointed by Governor Murphy a member of the first Board 
of Supervisors when the county was organized from Pima. He has 
also served several terms on the Nogales Council. He is recognized 
as one of the Democratic stand-bys, and since the organization of 
Santa Cruz has been active in his efforts to further its advancement. 
In addition to his mining and political responsibilities, Mr. Peck is 
owner and proprietor of the City Stables, Nogales. He is a member 
of the Masonic Order; of the Knights of Pythias, of which he has 
served as prelate ; and of the Odd Fellows, by whom he has twice 
been sent as delegate to the Grand Lodge. In 1885 he w r as again 
married to ^Vliss Carmen Mountains and to their union have been 
born four children, A. L., Jr., May, Lola and Natalie. 



552 



W {{OS WHO 



The State Fair Commission 

THE STATE FAIR COMMISSION, composed of Hugh E. Campbell. 
J. R. Henderson and John J. Keegan, and the Secretary, C. B. Wood, 
State Senator from Maricopa County, gave to Arizona in its first 
State Fair, one which may be equalled, but will scarcely be surpassed, 
and which was a credit to themselves and to all who participated. 
Well versed in the industries and products of the State, and familiar 
with the opportunities offered, the Commissioners used to the best 
advantage their knowledge acquired in former experiences and ar- 
ranged a program which attracted enormous cro\vds from four States 
and brought together residents of all other States then sojourning in 
Arizona. World's records were broken, and the automobile run 
across country was watched with intense interest throughout the 
entire newspaper world. In every department the displays were 
varied and excellent, but in none was a more remarkable showing 
made than in that devoted to agricultural products, where fruits of 
all kinds, most perfect in size, form and coloring elicited the most 
hearty enthusiasm and demonstrated the advantages of irrigated 
farming. Early in 1913 the Commissioners began extensive prepara- 
tions for the Second Annual Arizona Fair and every possible effort is 
being put forth to make it a greater success than the preceding one. 



HUGH E. CAMPBELL, President of the State Fair Commission, i^ 
one of the best known men in Arizona, having been associated with 
the big interests of the State almost thirty years. Although his 
experience has been varied, he classes himself as a stockman, and 
hereabouts is considered an authority on live stock. He was born 
in Nova Scotia June 10, 1862, of Scotch parentage. He left his 
home when but a boy, and for several years followed lumbering in 
Wisconsin. At the age of twenty he came to Arizona, at once 
entered into the industrial and political life of the Territory, and 
soon became a factor worthy of consideration in both. In 1885 he 
went into the live stock business on his own account, and today is one 
of the largest sheep owners in the State. He attended strictly to 
business, and, aiming to make quality one of the telling features of 
his business, introduced thoroughbreds into his flocks, and now the 
Campbell animals have a country-wide reputation. His wide knowl- 
edge of the business made him a natural leader in the Wool Growers' 
Association, and in 1910 he was elected its President. After a most 
successful year he was again chosen to lead the organization, in July 
of 1911. His knowledge of Arizona, her products, resources and 
possibilities being recognized over the entire State, he was appointed 
a member of the Fair Commission, on which he has served four years, 
three of which he has been Chairman. Despite the fact that h''s 



IN ARIZONA 



553 




554 WHO'S WHO 

duties as Superintendent of the Alt. Hope Sheep Company, and active 
member of the firm of Campbell, Francis & Co., are more than 
ordinarily arduous, Air. Campbell has proven himself one of the 
most enthusiastic workers ever named on the Fair Commission, and 
naturally takes great pride in the work accomplished in its develop- 
ment during the past few years. He is equally energetic in the 
interests of the Wool Growers' Association, and has left nothing un- 
done to further its advancement. As a politician Mr. Campbell is 
known from one end of the State to the other, and as an appreciation 
of his work in this line he might have had practically anything he 
desired of his party, but it has been his pleasure heretofore to step 
back in order to further the interest of his friends. He has been 
actively interested in the political work of the State for years, and in 
1896 was sent as delegate to the National Convention that nominated 
Bryan. Mr. Campbell is the oldest of six brothers, all of whom 
have made their homes in the United States, three in Washington 
State, and three in Arizona. One of these, C. L. Campbell, also a 
well known stockman of Arizona, was a member of the upper house 
in the last Territorial Legislature, elected in Navajo county. Whole- 
souled, genial and generous, Mr. Campbell is esteemed and respected 
throughout the State, but is seen to best advantage when dispensing 
hospitality at his beautiful winter home near Phoenix, where his 
friends and they are many are ever accorded a true welcome ; 
while in the northern part of the State he is known afar, his residence 
at Flagstaff being as open as the hotels to the wayfarer. While 
Hugh Campbell is a genial host, his home has that added charm which 
is found only where a gracious, courteous, home-loving woman pre- 
sides, and Mrs. Campbell is noted throughout the Southwest for 
her charm of manner and the grace with which she entertains those 
so fortunate as to be the guests of their home. Before her marriage 
to Mr. Campbell in November, 1893, she was Miss Madie Chrisman, 
one of the popular young ladies of her section. They have two 
children, Daniel, aged 18, a student at the Mercersburg Academy, 
Mercersburg, Pa.; and Luella, aged 10. Hugh Campbell is a 
success from every standpoint. He has made money, but what is 
better, he has made friends, and while he might lose the former, it is 
safe to assume that he will not the latter, for the life-long practice of 
his theory, "The way to gain a friend is to be a friend," together 
with his geniality and generosity, have won for him the kind of 
friends that last. 



J. R. HENDERSON", State Fair Commissioner, was born in 1872 
in Kentucky, where his father, J. P. Henderson, was a Baptist min- 
ister and well known reformer. When Mr. Henderson was but six 
years old the family removed to Kansas, so he is practically a West- 
erner, having been brought up and educated in the West. As a 



IN ARIZONA 

youth he went to Bisbee, where his first employment was in the 
mine, and he has since made his home there. When the municipal 
government was established there, Mr. Henderson was the first City 
Marshal elected. In this, his initial political office, he made a 
record which he has continued to maintain, and he has since held 
various offices. As member of the first State Fair Commission, Mr. 
Henderson has substantiated the claims made for him prior to his ap- 
pointment, and, with his associates, succeeded in accomplishing almost 
unhoped for results at Phoenix in the autumn of 1912. Mr. Hender- 
son's brothers are founders and principal owners of Henderson Motor 
Car Company, of Indianapolis, builders of the Henderson automobile. 
J. R. Henderson is principal owner and manager of the Henderson- 
Watkins Company, of Bisbee, and one of the well known business 
men of Cochise. During the campaign of 1911, as Chairman of the 
Central Committee of Cochise, he made a record for management and 
economy, having spent only $1040. In 1903 Mr. Henderson married 
Miss Nellie Nichols, well known in Bisbee, and a member of one of 
the pioneer families of Arizona. 



JOHN J. KEEGAX, member of the First State Fair Commission, 
was born in Alexandria, Virginia, April 6, 1856. His early educa- 
tion was received in the public schools of Virginia, and he later took 
a course in Georgetown University, Georgetown, D. C. His course 
in the school of experience, acquired since he actually started out in 
life at the age of eighteen, has been most thorough. Having master- 
ed telegraphy, he used that as his chief asset in making a tour of the 
country, which he began in the states further south than his home. 
In 1880 he started west, located in New Mexico, and for some years 
was identified with its early history. He later came to Arizona, de- 
cided to make it his permanent home, and gradually became closely 
connected with its important enterprises and its political interests. 
A lifetime Democrat, he is one of the ablest workers the party 
knows, and especially in his home county, Gila. When statehood 
was in sight and the county of Gila was considered doubtful, the one 
ray of hope seemed to be in Mr. Keegan's management of the cam- 
paign, and the confidence that his co-workers displayed in his ability 
to rally the forces of Gila to a Democratic victory was rewarded by 
the returns on election day which showed that but one Republican, 
the County Attorney, had been elected. Possessed of genial disposi- 
tion, Mr. Keegan is known throughout the state, not only as a poli- 
tician and a power in party caucus, but as a friend to the many and 
a man who enjoys the confidence of all. He was a member of the 
Constitutional Convention, and served on some important commit- 
tees. In 1884 he was married to Miss Jennie Boulton, formerly of 
Missouri. They have two sons, William and John, and a daughter, 
Hazel, all of whom make their home at the family residence in Globe. 



\V II O S WHO 



MICHAEL LYONS, Treasurer of Gila County, was horn in Hancock 
Michigan, in 18(><S, where his father, Michael Lyons, was a miner. 

After having com- 
pleted the course in 
the public schools of 
Michigan, Mr. Ly- 
ons started work as 
a hoisting engineer 
at Michigan-line, and 
has since been con- 
nected with the 
mining industry. He 
came to Arizona in 
the early nineties, 
and until he was 
elected to the posi- 
tion of Treasurer 
was connected with 
the Old Dominion 
Mining Company, 
holding different po- 
s i t i ons, including 
that of foreman of 
the mechanical de- 
partment of the 
smelter, and at the 
time of his election 
was chief pumping 
engineer at the mine. He made no canvass for the nomination, but 
after having been selected as his party's candidate made a strong fight 
in the campaign, feeling that this was his duty to the Democratic 
party, with which he has always been affiliated. This was his en- 
trance into the political arena, but he made a popular candidate and 
received a handsome majority. During his term of office the financial 
condition of Gila is the best it has ever been, and the finances of the 
county have been handled in a maner which has been entirely satis- 
factory to the voters. Mr. Lyons is a member of the Elks, Eagles and 
Moose lodges, and fraternally, as well as politically, is very popular. 




JOHN" ELLIS, Representative from Mohave County, has been a 
resident of that county for almost a quarter of a century, during 
which time he has been actively interested in mining, farming and 
cattle raising. Mr. Ellis is now one of the most prominent and 
enterprising business men of the county, as well as one of its pioneer 
residents who has been earnestly working for its development. He 
was born in Knox Countv, Missouri, October 4, 1849, where his 



IN ARIZONA 



557 



father, Peter Ellis, was one of the pioneer settlers. When but 
eighteen years of age he crossed the plains by wagun and located at 
Fort Churchill, Nevada, and for many years made his home in that 
new country. At Whitehill, Arizona, he served a four years' term 




John Ellis 

as Deputy Sheriff, and also a term of four years as Constable at the 
same place. As representative of a county of vast mining interests, 
and a man of broad experience in this industry, Mr. Ellis is now 
serving as Chairman of the Committee on Mines and Mining. He 
is also member of the Suffrage and Elections, Militia and Public 
Defense, and Petitions and Memorials Committees. 



POWHATAN S. WREN is a native of Virgina, and proud of that fact. 
He also possesses the traits that mark the true Southerner of the old 
school, and despite the fact that Mr. Wren denies the old school, the 
family record shows that he was born in Powhatan County, in July, 
1842. Like the loyal Southern boys of that period, he shouldered 
his musket in 1861 and retained it until the close of the war. During 
these years he participated in many battles, bore the hardships of a 
losing cause with much fortitude, and, when the end came, returned 
to his old home in Richmond. There he found the mercantile busi- 
ness established by himself and his brother had been destroyed, and 
being without funds or credit he was unable to follow his inclination 
to re-establish this business, so he entered the employ of the Richmond 



55S 



W H O S WHO 




Powhatan S. Wren 



& Danville Railroad Company. In the fall of ISbb, however, he 
left that position and journeyed to Galveston, Texas, where he ac- 
cepted another railroad position, which he retained until 1875. From 
that time he was variously engaged until April, 1877, when he was 
appointed clerk of the City of Galveston, served in this capacity until 
1880, and was then elected Clerk of Galveston County for six years. 
During Cleveland's first administration he was appointed Chief Clerk 
and Deputy Collector of Customs at Galveston, and held the same 
position when Cleveland was re-elected, having meantime been en- 
gaged in the real estate and abstract business. Mr. Wren came to Ari- 
zona in 1900, at once engaged in mining and merchandising, his 
present occupation, and immediately began to take an active interest 
in Democratic politics, and was chosen one of Yavapai's representa- 
tives in the First State Legislature. His friends are legion, for he 
has retained to the fullest the buoyancy of youth, the keen sense of 
humor and ringing laugh that most frequently mark the man of early 
years. Mr. Wren is one of the capable committee workers, and is 
member of the followings committees: Appropriations, Good Roads, 
Counties and County Affairs and Suffrage and Elections. 



IN ARIZONA 



559 




Anthon E. Jacobson 



ANTHON E. JACOBSON, Representative from Graham County, was 
born in Paris, Idaho, April 12, 1874. In the fall of 1883 he left for 
the South with his parents, and though only nine years of age, rode 
on horseback and helped drive a number of horses through Utah, 
Arizona and a portion of Colorado, and after a three months trip 
they landed in the Sierra Valley. There they suffered many of the 
hardships of pioneer life. In 1885 his mother died, and shortly after- 
ward his father with his family of five boys and three girls left for 
Arizona. On coming to the Territory they located in Safford, which 
has since been their home. There for several years he attended the 
public schools, which were in session only about four months in the 
year, and during the terms of 1891 and 1892 he attended St. Joseph's 
Academy, 1893 and 1894 attended B. Y. U. of Provo, and in 1894, 
having completed his education, he returned home and actively en- 
gaged in business there until 1897, when he was sent as missionary 
for two years to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and through the State of 
Maryland, by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. His 
missionary work having been completed, he returned to his home in the 
fall of 1909, took personal charge of his farms and has since been 
thus employed. Mr. Jacobson has always been a Democrat and 
worker for the party, but until the fall of 1911, when he was selected 
as one of the Graham County delegation in the First State Legisla- 



WHO S WHO 



turc, \\ as never an oflice holder. He is member of the following 
committees: Ways and Means, Public Lands, Appropriations, Agri- 
culture ami Irrigation and Printing. ( )n October 18, 1897, Mi. 
Jacobson was married to Miss Cora Owens. One son and one 
daughter compose their family. 



CARLTON B. KELTON, of Cochise County, was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland, July 8, 1839. He received a public school education, 
and then was employed with his father, Frederick Pettit Kelton, a car- 
penter and builder, until the outbreak of the civil war, when he 

enlisted as a volunteer in 
the First Maryland In- 
fantry, joining General 
Johnson's army at Har- 
per's Ferry May 22, 
1861. At the second 
battle of Manassas he 
joined General Robert E. 
Lee, and served him per- 
sonally. Later he be- 
came a member of Gil- 
more's battalion of cav- 
alry. On the retreat 
from Gettysburg Captain 
Kelton was wounded at 
Hagerstown, Maryland. 
He was taken prisoner, 
was confined at Fort 
Delaware, and trans- 
ferred to Point Lookout, Maryland, from which he escaped in 186-1, 
and was organizing a company in southern Maryland at the time of 
Lee's surrender. On May 7, 1879, Captain Kelton left Washing- 
ton, D. C., with a party of eleven men under Major Hall, for Ari- 
zona, and reached Tombstone in the latter part of June of the same 
year. Pima, Cochise and Santa Cruz Counties have since been his 
home, and during the intervening years he has filled many positions, 
appointive and elective. He has been sheriff of Cochise, Inspector 
of Customs and Deputy Collector of Customs. In 1885, when the 
Indians were on the war path. Captain Kelton was sent by the United 
States government to the Sierra Madre mountains of Mexico, where 
he secured information that aided in the removal of the hostile In- 
dians from Arizona. For some years he conducted a hotel at Tucson, 
but he is now making his home at Kelton, where he is experimenting 
in dry farming. As member of the Ways and Means, Banking and 
Insurance and State Accounting and Methods of Business Commit- 
tees, Mr. Kelton has been one of the active members of the House 
of Representatives. 




I NT A R I Z O X A 



561 




Perry Hall 

PERRY HALL, Representative from Yavapai County, stands high 
among law-makers who are deeply interested in the labor question. 
A union engineer himself, he is ever on the lookout for any measure 
that might prove detrimental to the interests of the men who toil, and 
is equally watchful for those which may prove beneficial. Mr. Hall 
was born on a farm in Missouri in 1852, and having completed his 
education in the public schools of that vicinity, he worked on the 
farm with his father, John R. Hall, for several years, and in April, 
1874, went to California. There he served his apprenticeship as 
engineer, which has since been his regular occupation, and he is now 
considered one of the best qualified men in the Southwest in his line. 
He was elected to the lower house of the Legislature in 1908, and 
during his term established a record for activity in behalf of labor. 
In the sessions of the First State Legislature Mr. Hall has been 
counted one of the strong men in the House. At the first session he 
introduced the bill drawn by the Mine Code Commission, which 
provided for a mine inspector and a complete revision of the laws 
governing mining. He w T as also Chairman of the Committee on 
Mines and Alining and member of various others. In the special 



562 



WHO S WHO 



session Mr. Hall was on the following committees: Mines and 
Mining, Labor, Constitutional Amendments and Referendum, and 
Ways and Means. Mr. Hall's daughter, Mrs. Mabel Conn, was 
appointed clerk in the last Territorial and First State Legislatures, 
and like her father, her record is one of efficiency. Mr. Hall is one 
of the representative men of his section, who, as union man and legis- 
lator, has established a reputation without blemish. 




JOSEPH F. WOODS, Sheriff of Navajo County, is one of the best 
known and most trustworthy peace officers in Arizona. He is 
know r n throughout the Southwest, both in his official capacity and as 
a prominent man in the cattle business for a number of years before 

he was elected to office. For 
years he was employed as foreman 
for different cattle outfits, handling 
some of the largest herds in the 
Southwest, and later was in business 
for himself. Mr. Woods is the son 
of John W. and Elizabeth Feeley 
Woods, who crossed the plains in a 
prairie schooner in the early days, 
and were numbered among the early 
pioneers of California, in which 
State Sheriff Woods was born. 
During the years following the rush 
of '49, John W. Woods was a well 
known figure in California. Joe 
Woods, as he is familiarly known, 
having been raised in the environ- 
ment of the pioneer, is thoroughly 
familiar with conditions in a com- 
paratively new country, able to cope 
with any emergency likely to be 
met in the discharge of his duties, 
and does not know the meaning of 
fear. Twice he was the choice of 
his party for the office of Sheriff, 
but with the party met defeat, but having been elected, he made a 
record that was difficult to surpass, and he has been twice re-elected, 
and during his long term of service his work has been highly creditable 
to himself and most gratifying to his constituents. Mr. Woods was 
married in 1890 to Miss Rowena Harris, and they have two sons. 
The older, Chauncey Harris Woods, is a bright youth of nineteen, 
with excellent prospects for the future, while the younger, Joseph 
Huston Woods, is a lad of nine, possessing the characteristics of his 
father, and a probable future sheriff. 




IN ARIZONA 



563 




Alexander Barker 

ALEXANDER BARKER, Representative from Final County to the 
First State Legislature, was also a member of the Twenty-first and 
Twenty-third Territorial Assemblies. He was born in Lockport, 
Louisiana, November 25, 1849, and is the son of B. F. and Louise 
Hobbs Barker. He attended school in Sandusky, Ohio, in his early 
teens, but left to join the United States Army. After serving three 
years in the army, he was discharged as Sergeant of Company G, 
Seventh United States Infantry. He returned to Louisiana, which 
he made his home until 1881, and in the latter year came to Arizona. 
During his residence in Louisiana he held positions of honor and trust 
under three governors, William P. Kellogg, Republican, and L. A. 
Wiltz and Francis Till Nichols, Democrats, and served thirteen 
years as postmaster in Lockport, his native town. His first residence 
in Arizona was at Florence, and for more than thirty years Mr 
Barker has been one of Final County's recognized leading citizens, 
and one credited with having at heart the interests of his State and 
party. Mr. Barker's occupation has been mining and farming in 
Final County. There he reared a family of eight children, all of 
whom are living. One son, Captain Alexander Barker, is a member 
of the Louisiana Legislature. His brother. Honorable C. J. Barker, 



564 WHO'S WHO 

was one of the eminent men of Louisiana, and another brother, Frank 
Barker, was President of the Senses Charity Hospital, the second best 
of its kind in the country. Always a public-spirited man, and having 
done much that redounded to his credit, and with a personality that 
has endeared him to many, in no way could he have more generally 
demonstrated the humane side of his character and his innate kindness 
and forethought than by his one act of introducing here from his old 
home state the beautiful umbrella tree. Mr. Barker saw years ago 
what an advantage this would prove in future years, and had his 
brother send him some of the seed, which was planted in Florence, 
and produced trees so attractive that the seed has been passed on until 
the trees are to be found today in every part of Arizona where it is 
possible for them to grow. They have so greatly enhanced the ap- 
pearance of so many places, and have proven such a boon to the State, 
being among the most ornamental and best shade trees of the South- 
west, that they are bound to prove an everlasting monument to Alex- 
ander Barker. In the special session Mr. Barker was chairman of the 
noted "Ax" Committee. He also served on the Committees on Labor, 
Live Stock, and Counties and County affairs. 



E. A. HUGHES, Assessor of Cochise County, has always taken a 
prominent part in the State Assessors' Association, and at the last 
election he was chosen Secretary and Treasurer. His parents were 
William and Ann Long Hughes, pioneers of California. Mr. 
Hughes was born in Contra Costa County, California, but his parents 
came to Arizona when he was but five years of age, and settled in 
Cochise County. Mr. Hughes attended the public schools and the 
University of Arizona, and the Shattuck Military Academy at Fari- 
bault, Minnesota, from which he was graduated in 1900. He then 
entered the University of Minnesota, but before he completed the 
course took a position with the Standard Oil Company, by whom he 
was employed two years. He then went to Mandan, North Dakota, 
to work in the First National Bank, and remained a little more than a 
year, when he returned to Arizona, was appointed Assistant Clerk of 
the Board of Supervisors and located in Tombstone. He next served 
as Chief Deputy to the County Recorder. In the fall of 1911 he was 
the Democratic party's nominee for the position of Assessor, and 
received large majorities both in the primaries and at the election. 
As Assessor his work has been most satisfactory, and the valuation of 
property in Cochise County has been raised from a little over nineteen 
millions in 1911 to nearly ninety millions. Mr. Hughes is a member 
of the York Rite Masons and is at present serving as Master of King 
Solomon Lodge No. 5. He is also a member of the B. P. O. E. In 
1906 Mr. Hughes was married to Miss Mabel Feldman, of Tucson, 
and to them have been born three children, Marjory, age five, and 
Marion, age three. 



IN ARIZONA 



565 




.566 



WHO'S WHO 



JAMES H. KERBY, first Assessor of Greenlee County, was born in 
Huntsville, Mo., April 30, 1881. He is the youngest son of Cliff T. 
and Cassie Rutherford Kerby, whose parents were among the most 
prominent and influential residents of Missouri. His father died 
when James was but three years old, leaving a widow and five chil- 
dren, four boys and one girl. Mr. Kerby was reared upon a farm, 
and received only the advantage of a graded public school education. 
Not being satisfied with this, through his own efforts he completed a 
commercial course in one of the best schools of Quincy, 111., after 
which he located in the City of St. Louis, where he was associated 
with William Seely, Circulation Manager of "The St. Louis Star," 
for about a year. Mr. Seely then left this position and became inter- 
ested in the Seely-Van Dyke Drug Company, East Orange, N. J., 
took Mr. Kerby with him, and for more than a year he was in the 
employ of this company. Then, through correspondence with an 
old schoolmate who was located there, he came to Arizona and made 
his home in Clifton, arriving there in May, 1903. He first worked in 
the drug department of the A. C. Co., and then took a position as 
bookkeeper of the Cromb & Shannon meat market. In 1905 he re- 
turned to Missouri and was married to Miss Cora Gibson, daughter 
of George D. and Emilio Gibson, one of the prominent families of 
Howard County, of which her father served as Sheriff for twelve 
years. On his return, however, he became dissatisfied with working 
for a salary, and started for himself in the real estate business. He 
was deputy to Assessor John J. Birdno from 1907 to 1911 in 
Graham County, and because of his fair, impartial and fearless 
manner of assessing, and his knowledge of taxation, he earned the 
reputation of being one of the best officers who ever served the 
county in that capacity. In January, 1911, Greenlee County was 
organized from Graham, making necessary the appointment of an 
assessor for the new county. Certain interests fought the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Kerby, but he secured the appointment. He started 
out with a valuation of $5,762,447.66, and at the end of the first 
year, though having worked at a disadvantage on account of not hav- 
ing maps or plats, the result w r as remarkable, as after the equalization 
was made it was found that the county's taxable wealth showed an 
increase of $1,409,421.92. In the fall of 1911, when county officers 
were elected, Mr. Kerby led his ticket in amount of votes received 
by any candidate having an opponent. His assessment for the year 
1912 showed a more remarkable increase, for after the equalization 
was made it was found that the taxable wealth of the county amounted 
to more than $12,726,000.00, an increase over that of 1911 of more 
than $5,503,000.00, or a total increase of $6,993,562.34 for two years. 
Mr. Kerby became a member of the Arizona County Assessors' Asso- 
ciation in 1911, when it was organized, and has done some wonderful 
work in having this association recommend tax measures to the legis- 
lature, among which is the repeal of the bullion tax law. It was 



IN ARIZONA 



5G7 



his draft of the measure creating the Tax Commission that was 
adopted by the Attorney General, and at the time of the appointment 
of this commission Mr. Kerby was offered the position of Secretary, 
and after the resignation of one of the members was offered a place on 
the commission, which he refused because he was offered the short 
term instead of the one made vacant by the resignation. Mr. Kerby 
has the reputation of being one of the best informed men in the State 
on the subject of taxation, always interested in the equalization of 
assessments. He is a progressive Democrat, interested in working 
for the best interests of Democracy. He organized the first Demo- 
cratic club in Greenlee County, and the fruits of its labors are to be 
noted at each election. Mr. Kerby is a member of Elks' Lodge No. 
1174, and Coronado Masonic Lodge No. 8, F. & A. M., both of 
Clifton. 




Allan B. Ming 

ALLAN B. MING, Assessor of Yuma County, having been identified 
with the upbuilding of tne State since 1900, and having taken an 
active part in the development of the section in which he resides, is 
known as one of the most enthusiastic boosters for Arizona, especially 
for Yuma County, that is to be found in the Southwest. As Com- 
missioner of Immigration he did much to make known to the outside 
world the advantages of Yuma County, and by means of his publicity 
campaign while in this position, and as President of the Chamber of 



568 \V H o ' S \V H o 

Commerce, the county received a strong impetus in its development 
and made rapid strides because of the class of settlers who were 
attracted to the vicinity. Mr. Ming is the son of Charles H. and 
Louise Swackhammer Ming. He was born in 1874, in New Jersey, 
where his father was engaged in the lumber business. His ancestors 
were among the early colonial settlers, and can be traced back to 
Revolutionary times. Mr. Ming has been active in the Good Roads 
campaign, and is one of the directors of the Yuma County Association; 
he is also a director in the Yuma Chamber of Commerce, one of the 
most wide awake organizations of the Southwest. He is interested 
in mining, irrigation and farming projects, and is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Thumb Butte Mining Company. In politics he is 
a progressive Democrat, and has held important positions in the party 
organization, both State and County, having been a member of the 
State Central Committee and County Chairman. He is a member 
of the Elks and Eagles, and of other fraternal organizations, is one of 
the best known and best liked men in his county, and his administra- 
tion of affairs in the Assessor's office during the past year has met 
with the hearty approval of the people interested. 



WILLIAM EATON MARVIN, Deputy County Assessor of Yuma 
County, has been recently in charge of the State Highway construc- 
tion between Ray and Globe, under the direction of the State En- 
gineer's office. He was born May 11, 1868, in Mooreville, Mich- 
igan. He is the son of Milton E. Marvin and grandson of William 
E. Marvin, a well known financier who owned a large tract of land 
in Michigan, and was one of the earliest pioneers of that State. 
Milton E. Marvin managed his father's estate after his death until 
it was swept away in a panic. He died shortly after, leaving a fam- 
ily, of which William Eaton Marvin was the oldest, and it became 
his duty to support his mother and the other children. He left home 
at the age of fourteen, and his education was acquired at odd times. 
However, he succeeded in mastering surveying and engineering, and 
has been identified with some of the largest projects in the Southwest. 
He arrived in the Yuma Valley March 29, 1893, where he worked 
as engineer, and was a pioneer of that section. He also worked as a 
miner, prospertor and at other work common to the frontier until 
1898, when he went to Cuba with Roosevelt. He was elected County 
Recorder and ex-officio Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, and was 
one of the few Rough Riders elected to office that year. In 1900 he 
was elected County Surveyor of Yuma ; two years later was elected 
Supervisor by the largest vote ever cast in the county for that office, 
and w T on the four-year term. He was re-elected in 1908. At the 
expiration of two years he was again named for this office, and served 
as member of the Board until Arizona became a State. In order to 



IX ARIZONA 



560 



have the benefit of Mr. Marvin's wide experience and knowledge of 
values in the county, A. B. Ming appointed him Deputy County 
Assessor. In June, 1912, he was asked to take charge of the road 
building between Globe and Ray. 




William t,aton Marvin 



W. G. DUXCAX, Assessor of Gila County, was born in Burleson 
County, Texas, in 1859; he was left an orphan at an early age, and 
was the support of his widow T ed mother and his sisters. The Civil 
War having reduced the fortune of the family greatly, he secured a 
position as bookkeeper, and by his efficiency won the confidence and 
esteem of his employers, and became known as a sterling, competent 
and honest man. He was elected County Clerk and succeeded him- 
self without opposition, because of his excellent record. Mr. Duncan 
moved to Arizona in 1896 with his family, composed of his wife, 
four boys and one girl. One of his sons is at present his chief 
deputy in the assessor's office. Soon after his arrival he became 
associated with J. N. Porter in the mercantile business at Fort 
Thomas. He moved to Globe in 1901, and was associated with 
different firms until 1903, when he went to San Carlos and engaged 
in the business of post trader. In 1907 he returned to Globe, served 
as Deputy Sheriff and Constable, and resigned the latter position to 



\V II O S WHO 



enter the campaign for the office of Assessor, to which he was elected 
over one of the strongest Republicans in Gila County, Dan R. 
Williamson, the incumbent at that time. Mr. Duncan has a com- 
plete knowledge of values, knows conditions thoroughly, and his 
rugged honesty makes him an ideal man for Assessor of the rich and 
prosperous County of Gila. Jeff A. Duncan, Chief Deputy Assessor, 
like his father, is a Texas Democrat. He received an excellent edu- 




W. G. Duncan 



Jeff Duncan 



cation in the common schools, and from an early age was employed in 
the butcher business in Globe, until appointed Deputy Assessor. Wal- 
lace A. Duncan, another son, received a good business training, and 
at present is Chief Clerk for the Hayden Mercantile Company, at 
Hayden, Arizona. John A. Duncan, the third son, is Agent of the 
Arizona Eastern Railroad Company at Fort Thomas. The youngest 
of the four boys is Clarence C. Duncan, a jeweler, who holds a good 
position in Phoenix. The Duncan family, who swell the Demo- 
cratic majority by five votes each election, will always be found on 
the side of progress and modern methods. 



IX ARIZONA 



571 



R. W. SMITH, Clerk of the Superior Court of Graham County, 
was born in Washington, Utah, April 22, 1875. His father, John 
W. Smith, a native of Tennessee, was one of the early pioneers of 
the West, having settled in California in the early fifties. He is now 
living at Green River, Utah. His mother, Nancy Kilbreth Smith, 
died in the spring of 1912 at the age of 63. Mr. Smith had but little 
education, having been reared on the frontier, but, being studiously 
inclined, by steady application was able to prepare himself for teach- 
ing, and taught in the district schools of Graham County foi nine 




R. W. Smith 



years. He then entered the Los Angeles Business College, from 
which he received a diploma in telegraphy, and entering the service 
of the railroad company at Safford, Arizona, he filled the position of 
operator and agent for a period of seven years at different stations 
along the line of the Arizona Eastern. Receiving an appointment 
as Clerk of the District Court under Judge E. W. Lewis, he resigned 
his position with the railroad company, and has since been Clerk of 
the Court. Mr. Smith is a Republican, but is one of the most 
popular men of Graham County, and at the election of 1911 over- 
came a normal Democratic majority of about six hundred. He was 
united in marriage with V. Louie Worsley in 1897, and to the union 



\V H S WHO 



have been born seven children. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members 
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and Mr. Smith, 
as is customary among the members of his faith, was called upon by 
the church authorities and in re-ponse thereto, proceeded south and 
spent two years as a missionary in the Southern States, largely in 
Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. He is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, and both he and Mrs. Smith belong to the Pvthian Sisters. 



DANIEL JOSEPH CRONIN, Recorder of Coconino, has without 
doubt as wide an acquaintance in the county as any of the pioneers, 
although he has been a resident of the State but six years. Though 
a graduate of San Xavier College, Cincinnati, in the class of 1900, 

he did not wait until he was offered 
a position suitable to the dignity of 
a college man, but immediately got 
busy at th? first thing that presented 
itself, which happened to be in a 
lumber camp. He was a willing 
\vorker, his ability was recognized, 
and he soon had a better position. 
He next tried farming, then mining, 
and has been interested in every sort 
of work known to that section, with 
the exception of sheep herding and 
cow punching, but he declares he 
may take up this work at any time. 
He worked for some time as Clerk 
of the Commercial Hotel, thereby 
increasing his already large circle 
of acqua