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LIBRARY 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

SANTA BARBARA 

PRESENTED BY 

Mrs. Ronald Scofield 






UCSR URRARV 




MAUDE ADAMS 
Drawn from life by Bradford Johnson 



WHO'S WHO 

ON 

THE STAGE 

1908 

The Dramatic Reference Book and Biographical 
Dictionary of the Theatre. Containing 
Careers of Actors, Actresses, Man- 
agers and Playwrights of 
the American Stage 



EDITED BY 

Walter Browne and E. De Roy Koch 




NEW YORK 

B. W. DODGE & COMPANY 

1908 



Copyright, 1908, by 
B. W. DODGE & COMPANY 

Published February, 1908 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

ADAMS, MAUDE . . . . . . - Frontispiece 

jo 

ALLEN, VIOLA 

07 
BENNETT, RICHARD 

BLANCHE, BELLE 

BONITA . . . 

err 

BRITTON, LILIAN 

C 

BURT, HARRIET 

73 

CARHART, JAMES L. 

CARR, ALEXANDER 

87 
CLARK, MARGUERITE 

93 
COHAN, GEORGE M 

1 21 
DEACON, ARTHUR 

i v\ 
DE BELLEVILLE, FREDERIC 

14C 
EDESON, ROBERT 

EDISS, CONNIE 

1 CO 

EGAN, JEFFERSON 

ELLIOTT, MAXINE 

FIELDS, LEW 16 *^ 

FREDERICK, PAULINE 

GEORGE, GRACE , . . ^7 

GOLD, BELLE . . . . ... V 199 



GOODWIN, NAT C. 



203 



HALE, HELEN 215 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

HARRIS, SAM H 225 

HAWLEY, IDA 229 

HOLLINS, MABEL 241 

ILLINGTON, MARGARET 251 

LACKA YE, WILTON 273 

LEVEY, ETHEL 283 

LUBY, EDNA 289 

McMiLLEN, VIOLET 293 

MANNERING, MARY 299 

MELVILLE, ROSE 311 

MOORE, CARLYLE . . . 317 

MOORE, IRENE 319 

MOORE, VICTOR F. . . ... . . . . 321 

NORRIS, WILLIAM . . . . 331 

PALMER, ETHELYN . . . . 333 

PROCTOR, CATHRINE 351 

RITCHIE, ADELE . 367 

ROBERTS, FLORENCE . . . ' . . ^ . . 369 

ROBSON, ELEANOR ......... 373 

RUSSELL, HAROLD 383 

SANDERSON, JULIA . . 385 

STARR, FRANCES 413 

TALIAFERRO, MABEL 421 

WARFIELD, DAVID . ... . . . . . 443 

WEBER, JOSEPH M. 445 

WILLARD, E. S. 449 

WRIGHT, HUNTLEY 461 

YOUNG, JAMES . . 465 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 



ADAMS, Hiss Maude (Kiskadden) : 

Actress, was born in Salt Lake City November 11, 1872. Her 
father was James Kiskadden, a business man. Her mother, a well- 
known actress, Mrs. Annie Adams, the daughter of a Utah pioneer 
who claimed to come from John Quincy Adams stock, is still play- 
ing. When Maude was born, Annie Adams was leading woman 
at the Salt Lake Theatre, which enjoyed the special patronage 
of Brigham Young. Phil Margetts, an Englishman, now the 
proprietor of a liquor store in Salt Lake City, but formerly a 
popular comedian, claims the distinction of first putting Misa 
Maude Adams on the stage, or, rather, of carrying her there. 
The future star was just nine months old when a play called 
"The Lost Child" was being produced at the Salt Lake Theatre. 
She had been taken to the theatre by a nurse. Margetts was 
cast for the father of the lost child. At the last moment he 
found he was expected to fondle a rag doll. While he was la- 
menting this, Mrs. Kiskadden went to the wings with Maude in 
her arms. Margetts snatched the baby from her and dashed 
on to the stage. When she was five years old, in 1877, Misa 
Maude Adams played her first speaking part, Little Schneider, 
at the old Bush Theatre, San Francisco, with J. K. Emmet in 
one of his "Fritz" plays. She also played Chrystal in "Chums," 
by David Belasco, who had just risen from call boy to stage 
manager at the Baldwin Theatre. In the cast were James 
O'Neill, Lewis Morrison and the late James A. Herne. When 
she was six years old she was sent to school, where she re- 
mained until she was sixteen. Immediately on leaving school 
Miss Adams played the part of a schoolmistress in Hoyt's "A 
Midnight Bell," produced at the Madison Square Theatre, New 
York, in 1888. She afterward played in "Men and Women" and 
created the part of the crippled girl in "The Lost Paradise," 
which first attracted attention to her. In the autumn of 1890 
Miss Adams made her first appearance under the Frohman man- 
agement as Evangeline Bender in William Gillette's comedy, 
"All the Comforts of Home," as a member of Charles Frohman'a 

1 



2 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

first stock company at what is now Proctor's Twenty-third Street 
Theatre, New York. Henry Miller headed the cast. When John 
Drew left the Augustin Daly company to become a star under 
Charles Frohman's management Miss Adams was selected as his 
leading woman, and in September, 1892, she appeared with him 
at Palmer's Theatre, now known as Wallack's, in Clyde Fitch's 
comedy, "The Masked Ball," and made a marked success in the 
part of the wife who assumes intoxication. For five years Miss 
Adams was leading woman with John Drew. She made her first 
appearance as a star, under the management of Charles Froh- 
man, as Lady Babbie, in J. M. Barrie's "The Little Minister," 
in Washington, D. C., September 13, 1898. Her first stellar ap- 
pearance in New York was in the same play at the Empire 
Theatre, September 27 of the same year. Robert Edeson played 
the title part. In 1900 Charles Frohman made a special pro- 
duction of "Romeo and Juliet," in which Miss Adams starred as 
Juliet in a successful run in New York City and a tour of the 
principal Eastern cities. In 1901 she starred in "L'Aiglon," act- 
ing the role originated by Sarah Bernhardt. In 1902 she 
starred in "Quality Street," and in 1903 in "The Pretty Sister of 
Jose." After a season's rest she reappeared in 1905 in a revival 
of "The Little Minister" and also in " 'Op o' My Thumb." On 
November 6, 1905, she opened at the Empire Theatre, New York 
City, in J. M. Barrie's "Peter Pan," which she played through- 
out two seasons. Early in 1908 Miss Adams appeared in "The 
Jesters." Miss Adams's New York home is 23 East Forty-first 
street. 

AARONS, Alfred E. : 

Manager and composer, was born in Philadelphia, and be- 
gan his stage work as call boy at Fox's Theatre of Varieties, 
now the Chestnut Street Theatre, in that city. When he was 
fifteen years old he was treasurer of the theatre. When he was 
sixteen he established a dramatic and vaudeville agency at 806 
Walnut street, which was successful from the first. His methods 
attracted the attention of W. C. Gilmore, manager of the Grand 
Central Theatre, Philadelphia, and he was instrumental in get- 
ting Mr. Aarons to New York, where he began business in the 
Gilsey Building. Among Mr. Aarons's "discoveries" at this time 
was Bessie Clayton, now Mrs. Julian Mitchell, whom he placed 
with Hoyt's "A Trip to Chinatown" company. Soon after this 
J. M. Hill gave Mr. Aarons the management of the Standard 
Theatre, New York, and Albert Bial intrusted him with the book- 
ing of all the big acts at the Koster & Bial Music Hall. For a 
season Mr. Aarons leased Herrmann's Theatre and presented 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 3 

vaudeville there. He also leased the Bon Ton Theatre, in Jer- 
sey City, and for a time was manager of Oscar Hammerstein's 
roof garden, over his Manhattan Opera House, in West Thirty- 
fourth street, New York, which later became the home of Koster 
& Bial. When Hammerstein built the Victoria he engaged Mr. 
Aarons to represent him in Europe, and for two years he en- 
gaged such celebrities as Yvette Guilbert, Cleo de Merode and 
Fregoli for seasons in this country. At about this time Mr. 
Aarons took over the lease of Krause's Music Hall, on West 
Thirty-fourth street, and named it the Savoy Theatre. It has 
remained one of New York's first-class playhouses since that 
time. He produced the musical play, "Mam'zelle 'Awkins," the 
book of which was written by Richard Carle and the music by 
Mr. Aarons. This was Mr. Carle's first libretto. In this play, 
which met with conspicuous success, Josephine Hall was fea- 
tured. Miss Hall is now Mrs. Aarons. At the zenith of his ca- 
reer Mr. Aarons's health broke down, and for about five years 
he was forced to rest. In May, 1906, he took "The Pink Hus- 
sar," under the name of "His Honor the Mayor," to the New 
York Theatre and made a successful musical comedy out of 
what had been a failure. When Klaw & Erlanger planned their 
advanced vaudeville they selected Mr. Aarons as the most able 
judge of foreign acts, and in 1907 he made a three months' Eu- 
ropean trip for that firm. In November, 1907, Mr. Aarons pro- 
duced "Yama," a musical comedy, at the Walnut Street Theatre, 
Philadelphia. Mr. Aarons's office address is 1402 Broadway, New 



ABARBANELL, Miss Lena: 

Actress and singer, was born in Berlin February 3, 1880, where 
her father was a conductor of concerts and orchestras, and where 
she first sang in public when she was only seven years old. At the 
age of sixteen she made her first appearance as an actress at the 
New Theatre, Berlin, playing many parts, and making her first 
success as Hedvig Ekdal in "The Wild Duck," by Ibsen. She- 
then went into opera, and before she was eighteen years old 
sang many parts in Koenigsberg, Prussia, often singing nightly, 
Sundays included, for months together. The experience gained 
thus secured her an engagement at the Royal Berlin Opera 
House, where she played "Fledermaus" over one hundred times. 
In Vienna several operas, including "Bruder Straubiger," by 
Max Essher, and "Wiener Frauen," by Lochar, were composed 
for her. She first sang character songs at the Ueberbrettel 
Theatre in Berlin, and while singing in Vienna was engaged by 
Heinrich Conried for both the Irving Place Theatre and the 



4 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Metropolitan Opera House, New York. She made her Ameri- 
can dgbut in "Fruehlingsluft," of which "The Spring Chicken" 
was an adaptation. Devoting herself to the study of the Eng- 
lish language, she appeared as the prima donna in "The Student 
King," the fall of 1906, at the Garden Theatre, New York, under 
the management of Henry W. Savage. The season of 1907-8 she 
played the title role in "The Merry Widow." 

ABBOTT, Miss Bessie (Pickens) : 

Prima donna, was born at Riverside, New York, in 1878, 
and is a descendant of the famous Pickens family of South Caro- 
lina, whose members distinguished themselves in the Revolution- 
ary War, in battling for the Confederacy and in the making of 
the New South. Her grandfather was for many years United 
States Ambassador at St. Petersburg. With her sister, Jessie, 
she was reared in luxury, and the aptitude both displayed for 
vocal and instrumental music was fostered by special education 
in voice culture and banjo and guitar playing. Their father's 
death, however, left them in such straitened circumstances that 
they were forced to turn to account the talent which they had 
displayed at charity benefits and the drawing-room entertain- 
ments of their friends. Going to New York, they obtained a 
place in the chorus of Augustin Daly's "The Foresters" com- 
pany at his theatre. They attracted the attention of Edward E. 
Rice, and he engaged them for a singing specialty in his pro- 
duction of "1492" at the Garden Theatre, New York, in 1894. In 
1895 the sisters appeared with Mr. Rice's "Little Christopher" 
company, also at the Garden Theatre. They made up as street 
waifs and sang popular ballads to the accompaniment of their 
own banjos, guitars and mandolins. Miss Bessie Abbott, how- 
ever, aspired to grand opera and in May, 1897, she went to 
Paris to study. December, 1901, she made her d6but on the 
operatic stage as Juliet in "Romeo and Juliet." Her success was 
instantaneous. For several seasons after this she was the prima 
donna at the Grand Opera, Paris. In the winter of 1906 she 
returned to her native land and first appeared with the New 
York Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall, New York City. 
After singing at several concerts she joined the Metropolitan 
Opera company. 

ABELES, Edward S.: 

Actor, was born in St. Louis, Mo., where he studied for the 
law. Deciding on a stage career, he obtained an engagement to 
play small parts and made his first success at Palmer's Theatre, 
New York, as Lanthrop Page in "Alabama," November 2, 1891. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 5 

He afterward played there in "Jim the Penman," "A Broken 
Seal," "Col. Carter of Cartersville," "A Modern St. Anthony," 
and "Lady Windermere's Fan." For successive seasons he was 
with "Charley's Aunt," and "My Friend from India." In 1897 
he joined the New York Casino company and appeared there in 
"The Telephone Girl." He also played in "In Gay Paree," "The 
Sprightly Romance of Marsac," "The Girl with the Green Eyes" 
with Miss Clara Bloodgood, in which he scored a success as the 
Floorwalker; in "Under Two Flags," and as Simpson in "The 
Dictator" with William Collier, playing the part in London the 
season of 1905. He then was seen as Henry Straker in "Man 
and Superman." The season of 1906-7 he became a star, achiev- 
ing a genuine success as Montague Brewster in "Brewster's Mil- 
lions," which he continued to play the season of 1907-8. Mr. 
Abeles married Miss Lottie Mortimer, a skirt dancer, who has 
since retired from the stage. 

ABINGDON, William I. (William Lepper) : 

Actor, was born at Towchester, Northamptonshire, England, 
May 2, 1862. He was educated at a private school and began busi- 
ness as a clerk in a bank. The fascination of the footlights caused 
him to resign when he was nineteen years old and join a the- 
atrical stock company to play utility parts, and he made his 
first appearance in Belfast, Ireland, in 1881. For two years he 
"roughed" it in the English provinces and then attracted the 
notice of Wilson Barrett, with whom he played juvenile parts in 
"Lights o' London," "Romany Rye," "The Silver King," etc. In 
1887 he made his first appearance in London at the Princess 
Theatre, where he remained for two years. In December, 1889. 
he began a long engagement at the Adelplu Theatre, creating 
leading heavy roles in "The Silver Falls," "London Day -by Day," 
"The English Rose," "The Lost Paradise," "The Fatal Card," 
"The Girl I Left Behind Me," "Flying Colours," and "Captain 
Kettle." Leaving there he went to the Shaftesbury Theatre for 
the leading part in "Handfast," and after this he appeared as 
Laurent in the first performance of "Therese Raquin," and as 
Hailma Eckdal in "The Wild Duck." After this he played lead- 
ing rQles in numerous farcical comedies at the Vaudeville Thea- 
tre. In 1898 he joined John Hare at the Garrick Theatre, play- 
ing Bertie Burnside in "The Old Jew," and Captain Hawtree in 
a revival of "Caste." After playing at His Majesty's Theatre 
with Olga Nethersole in 1900 he starred at the Olympic Theatre 
as Apollyon in "Pilgrim's Progress," and as Lord Nelson in a 
drama by Robert Buchanan. He then was seen as Jim the Pen- 
man in a revival of that play, and as Ward Cross in "The Idler" 



6 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in 1902. He created the part of Lord Jeffries in "Sweet Nell of 
Old Drury," and was the Professor Moriarity during the long 
run of "Sherlock Holmes" at the Lyceum Theatre. He made his 
first appearance in America in 1903, playing leading parts with 
Amelia Bingham in "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson," "The Climbers," 
and "A Modern Magdalen." Returning to London in 1905, he 
was seen in support of Mrs. Brown Potter at the Savoy Theatre, 
and afterward as a leading member of Beerbohm Tree's com- 
pany at His Majesty's Theatre. In 1906 he was seen again in 
New York, playing in "Gallops" at the Garrick Theatre. In the 
fall of 1906 he played Mark Tremblett in Alfred Sutro's "The 
Price of Money," with W. H. Crane, at the same theatre. The 
season of 1907-8 Mr. Abingdon appeared with Miss Amelia Bing- 
ham in "A Modern Lady Godiva." In May, 1906, Mr. Abingdon 
married Bijou Fernandez, daughter of Mrs. E. L. Fernandez, 
a New York theatrical agent. He is an expert cricket player 
and fond of rowing. He is a member of The Lambs, New York. 

ACKERMAN, Miss Irene: 

Actress, was born in New York City and educated at Rut- 
gers College there. She made her first stage appearance as a 
child at the Fifth Avenue Theatre in 1879, and for several years 
acted in stock companies. She was the manager of the Or- 
pheum Theatre, Mount Vernon, N. Y., for two years. Her great- 
est successes were made as Mercedes in "Monte Cristo," and in 
"The Gold Mine," written by herself. Miss Ackerman is now 
the editor of The Union, and writes much for magazines and 
newspapers. She is a member of the Professional Woman's 
League, the Press Club, the New Century Study Club and the 
Actors' Church Alliance. Her address is 101 West Seventy-fifth 
street, New York City. 

ADAMS, Miss Suzanne (Mrs. Leo Stern) : 

Prima donna soprano, was born at Cambridge, Mass. Her 
voice gave such promise that after studying with Boston and 
New York teachers she went, in 1890, to Paris, determined to 
win fame on the grand opera stage. M. Jacques Bouhey was her 
instructor in singing, and M. Plugrie trained her in acting. She 
made her debut in January, 1894, at the Grand Opera, Paris, as 
Juliet in "Romeo and Juliet." She remained at the Grand Opera 
for the next three years, appearing as Gilda and Marguerite 
and in other light soprano roles. In 1879 she sang for two 
seasons at Nice, where she was heard as Marguerite of Navarre 
in "Les Huguenots." In 1898 she was engaged by Maurice Grau 
and sang a season at Covent Garden, where she appeared as 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 1 

Juliet, Marguerite, Micaela, Eurydice and Donna Elvira with 
much success. She sang at the first state concert of that season 
at Buckingham Palace, and with Jean and Edouard de Reszke 
at a private concert before Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle. 
She returned to her native land with Mr. Grau in 1899 and sang 
with his company at the Metropolitan Opera House until he re- 
linquished its management the various roles in which she had 
achieved success abroad. She left the company when Mr. Con- 
ried became director and began singing in grand opera abroad. 
The season of 1907-8 she appeared in vaudeville in America. 
Miss Adams was married to Leo Stern, an English 'cellist, in 
London in 1898. 

ADE, George: 

Author and playwright, was born February 9, 1866, at Kent- 
land, Ind. He attended the public schools of Indiana and was 
graduated from Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind., in 1887, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Science. He engaged in newspaper 
work, first at Lafayette and later, for ten years (from 1890 to 
1900), in Chicago as a special writer on The Daily News and 
The Record (now The Record-Herald). His first book, "Artie," 
a collection of sketches in the Western vernacular, appeared in 
1896, and was followed in the succeeding ten years by several 
others. From 1896 to 1898 he was dramatic editor of The Chi- 
cago Record. His first play was "The Sultan of Sulu," for which 
the music was written by Alfred G. Wathall, of Chicago. It was 
first produced March 11, 1902, at the Studebaker Theatre, Chi- 
cago. It ran for twenty-six weeks at Wallack's Theatre, New 
York City. "Peggy from Paris," his second play, also musical, 
was produced at the Studebaker Theatre, Chicago, January 24, 
1903. The music was by William Loraine. This ran sixteen 
weeks in Chicago, fifteen in Boston and eleven in New York 
City. "The County Chairman," a political comedy drama in four 
acts, produced by Henry W. Savage at South Bend, Ind., in Sep- 
tember, 1903, followed. After a ten weeks' season in Chicago 
"The County Chairman" was sent to Wallack's Theatre, New 
York City, in November, 1903, where it remained until the fol- 
lowing October. Since September, 1904, it has been played each 
season by two companies. "The Sho-Gun," a comic opera, with 
music by Gustav Luders, was Mr. Ade's next production. It was 
produced at Milwaukee in April, 1904, by Henry W. Savage. "The 
College Widow," Mr. Ade's next comedy, was produced at Wash- 
ington, D. C., by Henry W. Savage in September, 1904, and 
opened a week later at the Garden Theatre, New York, where 
it ran thirty-eight weeks. It was played the second season by 



8 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

two companies, and the third season by three companies. "The 
Bad Samaritan," another comedy, produced at Washington, D. C., 
September 5, 1905, was withdrawn as a failure. His "Just Out 
of College," a three-act farce, opened at New Haven, Conn., Oc- 
tober 1, 1905, and played two seasons. "Marse Covington," a 
one-act play, produced at The Lambs Club in 1906, was after- 
ward taken into the vaudeville theatres by Edward J. Connelly 
and company with success. Early in 1907 May Irwin produced 
his one-act play, "Mrs. Peckham's Carouse." "Artie " a four-act 
comedy by Mr. Ade, was produced in Chicago, and afterward at 
the Garrick Theatre, New York, October 28, 1907. Mr. Ade is a 
member of The Lambs. When in New York he lives at the Hol- 
land House. His summer home is Hazelden Farm, Brook, Ind. 

AIKEN, Frank Eugene: 

Actor, was born in Boston, August 30, 1840. He was edu- 
cated at the public schools in that city, first appearing on the 
stage under the management of George H. Wyatt, his uncle. 
Later he became leading man with the Boston Stock Company 
and at Mrs. John Drew's Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, 
Prior to the great Chicago fire of 1871 he became manager of 
Wood's Museum and Hooley's Theatre there, and in 1873 started 
the Aiken Theatre, starring his own company for fifteen years. 
His first marked success was as the Earl in "Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy," later receiving recognition as support with Frank 
Mayo in "Pudd'nhead Wilson" until Mayo's death. He then sup- 
ported Maude Adams in "The Little Minister." He was in Mrs. 
Gilbert's company until that lady's death. Recently he has been 
supporting John Drew. His permanent address is The Players, 
New York. 

ALBANI, Madame (Mrs. Marie Louise Emma Gecile Gye) : 

Grand opera prima donna, was born near Montreal, Canada, 
November 1, 1852, being the daughter of Joseph Lajuennesse, a 
musician. She was educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, 
Montreal, and studied singing with Dupret and Benoist in Paris, 
and Lamperti in Milan. She made her first appearance as Arlina 
In "La Sonnambula" at Messina, Sicily, in 1871, since which she 
has ranked as one of the foremost prima donnas of the world. 
Her chief successes have been won in "Faust," "Lucia di Lam- 
mermoor," and "Lohengrin." Her home is in London, England. 

ALBAUGH, John W. : 

Actor and manager, was born in Baltimore, Md., September 
30, 1837, being the son of John W. and Elizabeth (Peters) Al- 
baugh. He made his first stage appearance February 1, 1855, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 9 

at the Baltimore Museum as Brutus in "Brutus; or, The Fall 
of Tarquin." His first regular engagement followed, it being at 
the Holliday Street Theatre, Baltimore, under the management 
of John T. Ford. In 1859 he became leading man and manager 
of the stock company at the Gaiety Theatre, Albany, N. Y. He 
made his first appearance in New York City in 1865 in support 
of Charles Kean at the Broadway Theatre. In 1866 he married 
Miss Mary Mitchell, a sister of Maggie Mitchell, the actress, and 
starred for a season. He became manager of the Olympic Thea- 
tre, St. Louis, in 1868, and of the Trimble Opera House, Albany, 
in 1870. He was a partner of Ben de Bar in the management 
of the St. Charles Theatre, New Orleans, in 1870; manager of 
the Leland Opera House, Albany, 1873-81, and manager of the 
Holliday Street Theatre, Baltimore, 1878-91. He was also sole 
proprietor of the New Lyceum, Baltimore, which he built in 1890. 
In 1878 he played a star engagement under Edgar & Fulton in 
Daly's Theatre, New York, appearing as Louis XI. Mr. Albaugh 
built, in 1895, and for three years managed the Lafayette Square 
Opera House, Washington, D. C., and was sole lessee and man- 
ager of Albaugh's Grand Opera House, Washington, D. C., from 
1884 to 1894. His last appearance on the stage was as Shylock 
at the Lyceum, Baltimore, in December, 1899. His home is at 
Long Branch, N. J. 

ALBAUGH, John W., Jr. : 

Actor and manager, was born in New York City in 1867, 
being the son of Mary Mitchell and John W. Albaugh. He 
made his first stage appearance in May, 1877, when he was ten 
years old, at the Leland Opera House, Albany, N. Y., his per- 
formance consisting of a hornpipe danced between acts. In the 
same year Mr. Albaugh played child r61es in "William Tell," 
"Nick o' the Woods," and "Black-Eyed Susan." He then went 
to school, and after completing his education at college joined 
Lawrence Barrett's company, with which he remained three sea- 
sons. In 1887 he went to Baltimore and became manager of the 
Lyceum Theatre. He remained in that capacity for nearly thir- 
teen years, for three years conducting a stock company in which 
he was manager, stage manager and leading juvenile. In 1900 
he gave up the managerial end of the theatre to devote himself 
entirely to acting. One of his most successful roles since then 
has been as Frank Austin in "Colorado." After "Colorado" Mr. 
Albaugh played the juvenile and leading parts in several im- 
portant New York productions, including "Captain Molly," "The 
Girl with the Green Eyes" with Clara Bloodgood, "The Little 
Gray Lady," etc. In Mrs. Le Moyne's revival of Browning's 



10 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Blot on the 'Scutcheon" he played the Earl of Mertoun. In 
July, 1904, he began a tour of the vaudeville houses with Miss 
Olive May in Grant Stewart's one-act playette, "The Inspector 
from Kansas." He has also played such characters as Pierre 
in "The Two Orphans," and Little Billee in "Trilby." In 1888 
he married Miss Marie Castner, of Brooklyn, N. Y. In March, 
1904, they separated and were divorced in 1907. Mr. Albaugh 
and Miss Olive May were married in Jersey City, N. J., on July 
9, 1907. 

ALBEE, Edward F. : 

Manager, was born in Boston in 1860. His apprenticeship in 
show life was passed beneath the circus tent, and from 1876 to 
1883 he traveled with numerous shows. In the latter year he 
was engaged by B. F. Keith. During the first four years of his 
employment with this manager, Mr. Albee passed his summers 
with the Doris Circus, and in 1887 was secured exclusively by 
Mr. Keith. He has since been prominently identified with the 
B. F. Keith interests, having been made general manager of 
these enterprises in 1891, which position he holds at the present 
time. Mr. Albee is also proprietor of the Keith Theatre in 
Providence, which was given him in 1900 as a testimonial of 
the esteem in which he was held by his employer. Mr. Albee's 
New York address is 1193 Broadway. 

ALEXANDER, George (George Samson) : 

Actor and English manager, was born in Reading, England, 
June 19, 1858. He made his first professional appearance at the 
Theatre Royal, Nottingham, in September, 1879, playing juvenile 
parts. He joined the company of the late Sir Henry Irving in 
1881, and afterward was under the management of Hare and 
Kendal at the St. James Theatre, London. He came to this 
country with Irving in 1884-5, playing Faust and Macduff. In 
1889 he went into management at the Avenue Theatre, London, 
and iii 1891 he became lessee of the St. James Theatre, where 
he has produced many famous plays, among them being "Lady 
Windermere's Fan," "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," "The Pris- 
oner of Zenda," "The Importance of Being in Earnest," "If I 
Were King," and "His House in Order.'' His address is 57 
Bond street, London. 

ALLEN, Charles Leslie: 

Actor, was born in Boston, Mass., in 1830. His father was 
Samuel Alfred Allen, who held a government position in Wash- 
ington, D. C., and Boston, Mass., and his mother Abigail Gates 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 11 

Burbeck. As a member of the Aurora Dramatic Club, of Bos- 
ton, and before he was twenty-one, Mr. Allen played many im- 
portant parts, and as an amateur he spoke the last words on 
the stage of Old Drury, as the Federal Street Theatre, of Boston, 
was last called, they being at the end of "A Nabob for an Hour," 
in which he enacted Sam Hobbs. This was in May, 1852, at a 
benefit given for the members of the National Theatre company, 
of Boston. At the age of twenty-one Mr. Allen adopted the stage 
as a profession, making his first appearance at Troy, N. Y., in 
1852, as a servant in "Simpson & Co.," under the management 
of George C. Howard. His character delineations attracted the 
attention of Edmon S. Conner, who engaged him in 1853 for 
the Green Street Theatre, Albany. Here he first enacted Bailie 
Nicol Jarvie in "Rob Roy." After playing such roles as Mon- 
sieur Tourbillon in "Pet of the Petticoats" with Miss Maggie 
Mitchell, and Peter in "The Octoroon" with Miss Kimberly, he 
went to the Boston Theatre, where he remained many years as 
the principal old man and character actor in the stock company, 
supporting Edwin Booth, Forrest, Jefferson and the stars of the 
70's and 80's. He was the original Derrick there in "Rip Van 
Winkle," and was the creator of the Judge in "Kit, the Arkan- 
saw Traveler." Mr. Allen was in the company of the National 
Theatre, Washington, D. C., in the seasons of 1864, 1865 and 
1866, being the original Burleigh in Mrs. Lander's "Elizabeth,"' 
Moneypenny in "The Long Strike," and Old Eccles in "Caste." 
Here he also played Polonius to Edwin Forrest's Hamlet and 
Kent in "King Lear." His first pronounced success in New 
York was as Old Rogers in "Esmeralda" at the Madison Square 
Theatre, when his daughter, Miss Viola Allen, made her initial 
appearance in the title role. Mr. Allen was for four seasons 
in the support of John Drew, and has also played Sir Toby 
Belch with Modjeska and Miss Marlowe. Mr. Allen played David 
Chapin in "The Stepsister," by Charles Klein, produced at the 
Garrick Theatre, New York, October 14, 1907. 

ALLEN, Miss Louise (Mrs. William Collier) : 

Was born in i\ew York and made her first appearance at 
Niblo's Garden as Bessie in "Around the World in Eighty Days" 
in 1885. She also played Pepita in "Matthias Sandorf" at the 
same theatre. She was seen in "Mazulum; or, The Night Owl" 
at the Academy of Music, New York, and in 1889 was in "The 
Spider and the Fly" at the Windsor Theatre. The season of 
1890 she was at the Garden Theatre, New York, in "Dr. Bill." 
She was married to William Collier, the comedian, and for four 
years appeared with him in a variety of plays. For a time she 



12 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

was with the Weber and Fields company, and the season of 
1906-7 she was with Lew Fields in "About Town." She has 
recently done specialties in the vaudeville houses. 

ALLEN, Miss Viola (Mrs. Peter Duryea) : 

Actress, was born in Huntsville, Ala., October 27, 1869, her 
father being C. Leslie Allen, the actor. Miss Allen was educated 
in the schools of Boston, at Wyckham Hall in Toronto, and 
finally in New York City. Although it was not the purpose of 
her parents that she should adopt the stage as a profession, she 
had early been schooled by her father. When she was fifteen 
years old her debut came about unexpectedly. Miss Allen's 
father was appearing in "Esmeralda," with Miss Annie Russell 
in the title r61e, at the Madison Square Theatre. Owing to ill- 
ness Miss Russell left the cast, and William Seymour, the stage 
manager, suggested that Miss Viola Allen should be able to fill 
the role. While appearing as Esmeralda Miss Allen attracted 
the attention of John McCullough, who engaged her for such 
roles as Virginia in "Virginius," Desdemona in "Othello," Par- 
thenia in "Ingomar," and Julia in "The Gladiator." Her next 
engagement was with Tommaso Salvini, with whom she played 
most of the Shakespearian and other classic heroines, including 
Desdemona, Cordelia, Juliet and the wife in "La Morte Civile." 
Later she was selected by Lawrence Barrett for the role of Mil- 
dred for his production of Browning's "Blot on the 'Scutcheon." 
Then followed an engagement as leading lady at the Boston Mu- 
seum, where she created the parts, in America, of Mrs. Errol in 
"Little Lord Fauntleroy," and Gertrude Ellingham in Bronson 
Howard's "Shenandoah." At this time, too, she played in "Sweet 
Lavender" and in a revival of old comedies and other plays. For 
the joint starring tour of Joseph Jefferson and William Florence 
in "The Rivals" and "The Heir at Law," Miss Allen was engaged 
for the roles of Lydia Languish and Cicely Homespun. In 1892 
she appeared with a special company in Bronson Howard's "Aris- 
tocracy," and the following season became leading lady of the 
Empire Theatre company, New York City, where she was espe- 
cially successful in "Liberty Hall," "The Masqueraders," "Sow- 
ing the Wind," "The Conquerors," and "Under the Red Robe." 
In 1898 Miss Allen withdrew from the Empire company to star 
as Glory Quayle in "The Christian," by Hall Caine, under the 
management of Liebler & Co. In 1900 she played Dolores in "In 
the Palace of the King." In 1900 also Miss Allen appeared for 
a few special performances as Julia in "The Hunchback." Then 
followed Hall Caine's "The Eternal City," in which Miss Allen 
appeared as Roma. Under the management of her brother, C. W. 




VIOLA ALLEN 



14 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Allen, a series of Shakespearian revivals was projected by Miss 
Allen in 1903, beginning with "Twelfth Night," in which she 
was seen as Viola, and this was followed the next season by an 
elaborate presentation of "The Winter's Tale," in which she as- 
sumed the roles of Hermione and Perdita. The series was in- 
terrupted in 1905 by Clyde Fitch's play, "The Toast of the 
Town." The season of 1907-8 she starred in "Irene Wycher- 
ley." Miss Allen was married in Louisville, Ky., on August 
16, 1905, to Peter B. C. Duryea, of Lexington, Ky., and New 
York. Her residence is 46 West Forty-sixth street. 

ALTER, Miss Lottie: 

Actress, the daughter of Frederick Pernal Alter, was born 
in La Crosse, Wis. She was educated at St. Mary's Institute, 
Milwaukee, and afterward studied at the Chicago Conservatory. 
She made her first appearance in a juvenile opera company at 
Langham's Opera House, Englewood, 111., April, 1886, playing 
Yum-Yum in "The Mikado," to the Nanki-Poo of Miss Virginia 
Earle. While at the Chicago Conservatory Miss Alter had ap- 
peared as an "extra lady" in many of the Booth, Barrett, Mod- 
jeska, and Robson and Crane productions, and on leaving the 
convent in 1888 she obtained her first professional engagement, 
appearing with Miss Vernona Jarbeau in "Starlight" on August 
18, 1888, in Minneapolis. The next two years she played Jennie 
Wilson, the waif, in "Lost in New York." Beginning October 
22, 1891, Miss Alter played Savilla in Klaw & Erlanger's first 
production of "The Country Circus" at the Academy of Music. 
New York City, and remained with the organization two years. 
In 1903 she played Wilbur's Ann at the Schiller Theatre, Chi- 
cago, in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." Then, with Charles Froh- 
man's Empire Theatre company, she played in "Poor Girls" and 
"The Rival Candidates." For two years, 1895-6, Miss Alter was 
leading lady with the late Joseph Jefferson, playing Dot in "The 
Cricket on the Hearth," and Meenie in "Rip Van Winkle." She 
was also the Flora Campbell in the first production of "The 
Bonnie Brier Bush" in Chicago. Miss Alter has also played in 
"Red, White and Blue," and with Rose Coghlan in a vaudeville 
sketch. She was leading woman with the late Roland Reed for 
two seasons. Other engagements were in "Hearts Are Trumps," 
"To Have and to Hold," a year with Miss Henrietta Crosman 
as Mollie in "Mistress Nell," and Audrey in "As You Like It" 
at the Belasco Theatre, New York City, in February, 1902. Then 
followed two seasons with Ezra Kendall in "The Vinegar Buyer." 
In the spring of 1906 she played Ella Delahay in the revival of 
"Charley's Aunt" at the Manhattan Theatre, New York. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 15 

ALVAREZ, Signer (Albert Raymond Gouron) : 

Grand opera singer, was born in Bordeaux, France. He made 
his first appearance in Lyons in 1892 and has since been recog- 
nized as a leading tenor in grand opera, having sung important 
r61es for several seasons at the Metropolitan Opera House, New 
York. His home is 83 Boulevard Berthier, Paris, France. 

ANDERSON, Miss Mary (Mrs. Antonio F. de Navarro) : 

Actress, was born in Sacramento, Cal., July 28, 1859. The 
following spring her parents moved to Louisville, Ky., and her 
father joined the Confederate Army. He died at Mobile, Ala., 
in 1863, at the age of twenty-nine, when Mary was only four 
years old. Besides the girl, he left one son, Joseph Anderson, 
six years her senior. When Mary was eight years old her mother 
married Dr. Hamilton Griffin, of Louisville, who had been a Con- 
federate Army surgeon. The girl was educated at the Ursuline 
Convent and the Academy of the Presentation, at Louisville. 
Her stepfather, who was a Shakespearian student, fostered her 
natural histrionic ambition, and at the age of ten Mary began 
to read Shakespeare. She was taken to see Edwin Booth act, 
and when only just in her 'teens announced her determination 
to become an actress. To encourage her talent Dr. Griffin let her 
give recitals at his home and obtained for her instruction from 
Charlotte Cushman. Father Anthony Miller, a Franciscan priest, 
taught her elocution, and she had ten lessons from Vandenhoff, 
the public reader, to fit her for a stage career. Miss Anderson's 
first public appearance was as Juliet at the Louisville Theatre, 
in November, 1875, at a trial matinee. She was then only sixteen 
years old, but her performance attracted much attention. In 
January, 1876, she appeared for a week at the Louisville Thea- 
tre, supported by Macauley's stock company, playing Evadne, 
Juliet and in "The Hunchback." Engagements with stock com- 
panies in St. Louis and other cities followed. Then John Me- 
Cullough gave her leading parts in San Francisco and she made 
a tour of the South under the management of John T. Ford, of 
Baltimore. In the fall of 1876 she first appeared at the head of 
her own company. She made her debut in New York on No- 
vember 12, 1877, at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, and played Par- 
thenia, Juliet, Evadne, Meg Merrilies and Bianca. She was then 
eighteen years old. The following year she played another sea- 
son at the Fifth Avenue, after which she made her first trip to 
Europe, her chief desire being to visit Stratford-on-Avon and 
Verona. She played Galatea, one of her favorite parts, for the 
first time in Troy, N. Y., September 26, 1881, and the next year 
was at Booth's Theatre, New York. In 1883 Miss Anderson 



16 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

went abroad, and on September 18 made her first stage appear- 
ance in England at the Lyceum Theatre, London, as Parthenia. 
She played a continuous season of ten months, and her success 
both professionally and socially was unprecedented. She did 
not again play in her native country until 1888, when she pro- 
duced, in November, "A Winter's Tale" at Palmer's Theatre, 
New York. She previously played it one hundred consecutive 
nights at the Lyceum Theatre, London. Miss Anderson suffered 
a severe illness in March, 1889, and was compelled to cancel all 
her American engagements and disband her company. In April 
she sailed for Europe, being ordered to take a prolonged rest. 
She then abandoned the stage and resisted every inducement to 
return. Miss Anderson was married to Antonio F. de Navarro 
at St. Mary's Chapel, Holly Place, Hempstead, England, June 
17, 1890. She has two sons. Her home is at Court Farm, 
Broadway, Warwickshire, England. 

ANGELES, Miss Aimee (Mrs. George Considine) : 

Actress and dancer, born February 6, 1880, is the daughter of 
Alex. Zanfretta, once a well-known circus clown. Whey merely a 
child Miss Angeles made her first stage appearance with the com- 
panies managed by the late Chas. Hoyt and playing his comedies. 
She was a clever dancer, and principally did dancing specialties. 
She then became prominent in musical comedies, making con- 
spicuous successes in a dance with James T. Powers in "A Run- 
away Girl" at Daly's Theatre, New York; in "The Man from 
China" and in "The Rollicking Girl." She was also in Joseph 
Weber's company for a season. Miss Angeles became the wife 
of George Considine, a well-known sporting man and proprietor 
of the Hotel Metropole, New York, September 30, 1906. 

ANGLIN, Miss Margaret: 

Actress, was born in Ottawa, Canada, April 3, 1876, her father 
being Speaker of the House of Commons at the time and her 
birth occurring in the Speaker's Chamber of the House of Par- 
liament. She was educated in a French convent school and, 
having met with success as an amateur reader, when she was 
seventeen years old, against the wishes of her parents, she went 
to New York City and entered Nelson Wheatcroft's Dramatic 
School, being one of the first pupils. Charles Frohman had 
promised that he would engage for the Empire Theatre stock 
company the four pupils who acquitted themselves most credita- 
bly at the public performance of the school, and Miss Anglin 
determined to be one of the four. Her acting, when the time 
came, so pleased Mr. Frohman that he at once engaged her for 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 17 

the part of Madeline West in "Shenandoah," in which she made 
her first professional appearance at the Academy of Music, New 
York, in the fall of 1894. After a year on the road Miss Anglin 
became a member of James O'Neill's company, 1896-7, playing 
Ophelia in "Hamlet," Virginia in "Virginius," Julie de Morte- 
mar in "Richelieu," and Mercedes in "Monte Cristo." The fol- 
lowing season she played the part of Meg in "Lord Chumley" 
with E. H. Sothern, and organized a company for a tour of 
Lower Canada, playing Rosalind in "As You Like It," and in 
"Christopher, Jr.," and "The Mysterious Mr. Bugle." In the fall 
of 1898 Miss Anglin was engaged by Richard Mansfield as his 
leading woman in his production of "Cyrano de Bergerac." Her 
playing of Roxane established her as one of the foremost emo- 
tional actresses of the day, and Charles Frohman at once en- 
gaged her as leading woman of the Empire Theatre stock com- 
pany, New York. In that company the leading roles in "Mrs. 
Dane's Defence," "Brother Officers," "Lady Ursula," "The Liars," 
"Lord and Lady Algy," and Ophelia in "Hamlet," served to win 
further laurels for her. For four seasons she played in San 
Francisco with Mr. Miller's stock company. The season of 1905-6 
Miss Anglin was starred imder the management of the Shuberts in 
a dramatization of Wilkie Collins's "The New Magdalen," called 
"Zira," which ran at the Princess Theatre, New York City, from 
September to the middle of January, and in Boston until June. 
The fall of 1906 she co-starred with Henry Miller in William 
Vaughn Moody's "The Great Divide," which opened at the Prin- 
cess Theatre, New York, on October 3. The play ran through the 
seasons of 1906-7-8. 

ANSPACHER, Louis Kaufman : 

Playwright, was born in Cincinnati, March 1, 1878. He 
was educated at the College of the City of New York, the Post- 
Graduate School of Philosophy, and at Columbia University. 
He received the degree of A.B. in 1897, and that of A.M. three 
years later. In 1904 his tragedy in blank verse, "Tristan and 
Isolde," was published. Giving up writing for the time, he 
devoted himself to lecturing, addressing numerous clubs in New 
York on philosophy and literature. In 1906 "The Embarrass- 
ment of Riches," a three-act problem play, in which his wife, 
Kathryn Kidder, was seen in the leading role, was produced at 
Wallack's Theatre, New York. Mr. Anspacher married Kathryn 
Kidder, the actress, in 1905. His home is at Tuckahoe, N. Y. 

ARBUCKLE, Maclyn: 

Actor, was born in Texas in 1867. He was admitted to the 
bar in Bowie County when he was twenty years old, and on ae- 



18 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

count of his minority he had to take an examination in open 
court, which he passed. Finding the practice of law unprofita- 
ble, Mr. Arbuckle spent his time, while waiting for clients, in 
the study of Shakespeare. His first appearance on the stage, 
however, was in a German dialect part with Peter Baker at a 
Christmas matinee in Shreveport, La., in 1888. He there made 
his first, and probably his last, conspicuous failure. Mr. Ar- 
buckle then played heavy parts with R. D. MacLean and Marie 
Prescott for three seasons and then, accepting an offer from 
Charles Frohman, appeared in "The Man from Mexico" and 
several other productions. A period with T. Daniel Frawley's 
stock company in San Francisco followed, Mr. Arbuckle making 
pronounced successes as Zouroff in "Moths," Jack Dudley in 
"The Ensign," and the title part in "The Senator." He also 
played in "Why Smith Left Home" one season in London. Mr. 
Arbuckle appeared as a star at the head of his own company 
in the season of 1900-1 in a dramatization of Molly Elliot Sea- 
well's story, "The Sprightly Romance of Marsac," produced at 
Washington, D. C., and the same season he appeared in "Under 
Two Flags." When Nat Goodwin produced "The Merchant of 
Venice" in the spring of 1901 Mr. Arbuckle was the Antonio. 
He appeared as the O'Grady in the revival of "Arrah-na-Pogue," 
and played Dumas in the all-star cast of Bellew and Miss Man- 
nering's "Lady of Lyons." He created the title part of George 
Ade's "The County Chairman," afterward purchased the rights 
and starred for two seasons. The season of 1907-8 he played 
Sheriff "Slim" Hoover in "The Round Up." 

AEDEN, Edwin Hunter Pendleton: 

Actor and playwright, was born in St. Louis, Mo., on Feb- 
ruary 13, 1864. He was educated in the public schools there 
until he was sixteen years old, when, stirred by a longing for 
adventure, he went to the West. He found the excitement he 
sought, for he was by turns cowboy, clerk, politician, newspaper 
reporter and theatrical manager. The last venture struck a re- 
sponsive chord, and the footlights soon lured him from the box 
office. His first appearance as an actor was made in Chicago in 
1882 in a minor part with the Thomas W. Keene company. He 
played in stock until 1885, part of the time with the Boston 
Museum company and with the Madison Square Theatre com- 
pany, New York. While acting he had tried his hand at play 
writing, and in 1886 he began starring in melodramas of which 
he was the part or sole author. "Eagle's Nest," "Barred Out," 
and "Raglan's Way" were among the most successful of these. 
In 1895 he was a member of William H. Crane's company, and 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 19 

in 1896 he created the part of Mason Hix in "The Governor of 
Kentucky." He played Oliver West in the original production 
of "Because She Loved Him So" on October 28, 1898, at New 
Haven, Conn., and in August, 1899, returned to starring in 
Rochester, N. Y., in a melodrama called "Zorah." His next 
important engagement was with Maude Adams in Charles Froh- 
man's production of "L'Aiglon," in which he played Metternich 
and won the commendation of the critics. The season of 1901-2 
he was seen with Sadie Martinet in "The Marriage Game," and 
with the Bellew-Mannering revival of "The Lady of Lyons." 
The season of 1902-3 he appeared in the star cast of "Romeo 
and Juliet" at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, and dur- 
ing the summer months he joined the Jane Oaker Stock Com- 
pany in Denver, Colo. That of 1904-5 he was with Bertha Kalish 
in "Fedora," playing the role of Louis, and the following year ap- 
peared in both "The House of Silence" with James K. Hackett, 
and "The Redskin," produced at the Liberty Theatre, New York. 
Mr. Arden entered vaudeville and was seen in his one-act sketch, 
"Captain Velvet," during 1906-7-8. On June 24, 1906, he opened 
as a star at Power's Theatre, Chicago, in the drama, "Told in 
the Hills," then produced for the first time. He is a member of 
The Lambs, New York. 

ARLISS, George: 

Actor, was born in England, where, after long experience in 
the provinces, he first attracted attention in the company of 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell, with whom he appeared in this country 
the season of 1901-2, playing Cayley Drummey in "The Second 
Mrs. Tanqueray," and the Duke of St. Olpherts in "The Notori- 
ous Mrs. Ebbsmith." He was next engaged by David Belasco to 
create the part of Zakkuri in "The Darling of the Gods," sup- 
porting Miss Blanche Bates. The season of 1904-5 Mr. Arliss 
joined Mrs. Fiske's company, playing the Baron Steyme in 
"Becky Sharp," Raoul Berton in "Leah Kleshna," Count Cho- 
teau de Rohan in "The Rose," M. d'Ancelor in "The Eyes of the 
Heart," and Sir William Cites-Darby in "The New York Idea." 
The season of 1907-8 he was again with Mrs. Fiske, playing Ulric 
Breudel in ''Rosmersholm." 

ARMSTRONG, Paul: 

Playwright, was born in a little village near St. Joseph, Mo. 
After trying numerous occupations he joined the staff of the 
Chicago Record-Herald and for some years followed the jour- 
nalistic profession, in the meantime turning out plays. The first 
of his work to attract attention was a one-act sketch, "Blue 



20 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Grass," tried out in vaudeville by Willis Sweatnam and later 
elaborated into a four-act play which was produced in Philadel- 
phia, March, 1906, by Frank Howe, Jr. Other plays by Mr. Arm- 
strong are "Ann La Mont," first produced in Virginia by a stock 
company and afterward used as a starring vehicle for Florence 
Roberts in the West; "The Superstitions of Sue," which was un- 
successful; "Sierra," a one-act play, produced by Nat C. Good- 
win; "The Heir to the Hoorah," which toured for two seasons, 
and "Salomy Jane," starred in during the seasons of 1906-7-8 
by Eleanor Robson. 

ARMSTRONG, Sydney (Mrs. W. G. Smyth) : 

Actress, was born in Memphis, Tenn., where her father, 
A. T. Wells, before the Civil War, was one of the leading dry 
goods merchants of the South. He lost his wealth in that strug- 
gle and went West, where he amassed another fortune only 
to lose it. His daughter had been so successful in amateur 
theatricals that when it became necessary for her to provide for 
herself she turned to the stage. She began in a stock company 
in Illinois, her first part being Esther Eccles in "Caste." Her 
next engagement was with the stock company at the Front Street 
Theatre, Baltimore, where she played roles that ranged from 
Lady Gay Spanker to Iphigenia. At this time she attracted the 
attention of Dion Boucicault, who engaged her to play Arte 
O'Neil in "The Shaughraun." This was followed by her appear- 
ance in dual roles in "Hoodman Blind," and the leading roles 
in "The Still Alarm" and "The Burglar." She then joined 
Charles Frohman's forces and became the leading lady in his 
stock company, playing the leading roles in "Men and Women" 
and "The Girl I Left Behind Me." In 1893 she became the lead- 
ing lady of the Empire Theatre stock company. On April 19, 
1897, she was married to W. G. Smyth, then manager of the 
William Collier and other companies. After her marriage she 
retired from the stage. Her home is 240 West Forty-ninth 
street, New York City. 

ARONSON, Rudolph: 

Manager and composer, began his theatrical career as man- 
ager of the Metropolitan Concert Hall, New York, which was on 
the site of the present Broadway Theatre. After successfully 
catering to the amusement loving public there for several years 
he originated and built the Casino Theatre, Thirty-ninth street 
and Broadway, New York, and became its first manager. It was 
this enterprise which brought him prominently to the attention 
of the public and the theatrical world as a manager and pro- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 21 

ducer of musical entertainments. On this theatre he operated 
the first roof garden in America, and he may justly be regarded 
as the originator of that popular summer institution in this 
country. Under Mr. Aronson's management the Casino became 
the recognized home of light and comic opera in New York and 
the incubator of such entertainments in America. It was there, 
under his management, that the first American production of 
"Brminie" was made and the record run for such entertainments 
established. Under Mr. Aronson's management such stars as 
Lillian Russell, Francis Wilson, De Wolf Hopper and Jefferson 
de Angelis first attained popularity. Mr. Aronson has composed 
many popular songs and more than one hundred and fifty pieces 
for the orchestra. Of late years he has spent much of his time 
in Europe, engaged in booking musical stars for this country. 
His home is 227 Riverside Drive, New York. 

ARTHUR, Miss Julia (Mrs. Benjamin P. Cheney, Jr.) : 

Actress, was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, May 3, 
1869, and was christened Ida Lewis. Her father was Thomas J. 
Lewis. Her mother was an accomplished Shakespearian reader, 
and Ida Lewis, at the age of eleven, played Zamora in "The 
Honeymoon" in private theatricals at her father's home. She 
made her first professional appearance, under the name of Julia 
Arthur, in 1881, with the Daniel Bandmann Shakespeare reper- 
toire company, and a year later, when only thirteen years old, 
she was a leading woman, playing Juliet, Portia, Ophelia, and 
Lady Anne in "Richard III." After three years' hard work with 
the Bandmann company Miss Arthur went to Germany for a 
year's study. Then she joined a repertoire company in Califor- 
nia and played leading parts in "Jim the Penman," "Captain 
Swift," "The Colleen Bawn," "Arrah-na-Pogue," "The Silver 
King," "Uncle Tom's Cabin," "The Still Alarm," "Peril," "Di- 
vorce," and "The Private Secretary." Miss Arthur made her 
first marked success as the Queen in "The Black Masque" in 
New York in February, 1892. The opening night made her 
famous, and a few weeks later she was engaged as leading 
woman with A. M. Palmer's stock company, remaining with the 
organization for one year and playing Jeanne in "The Broken 
Seal," Letty Fletcher in "Saints and Sinners," Lady Windermere 
in "Lady Windermere's Fan," and acting in "Mercedes," a short 
play by Thomas Bailey Aldrich. In 1893 Miss Arthur became a 
member of the late Sir Henry Irving's company as leading 
woman next to Miss Ellen Terry, and at the Lyceum Theatre, 
London, she played Elaine in "King Arthur," Sophia in "Olivia," 
Rosamond in "Becket," and Imogene in "Cymbeline," which was 



22 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

called her best r61e. She returned to America with the Irving 
company in 1896, but organized her own company on October 14 
of that year and produced a dramatization of Mrs. Frances Hodg- 
son Burnett's novel, "A Lady of Quality," taking the part of 
Clorinda Williams. She appeared as Parthenia, in her own pro- 
duction of "Ingomar" October 2, 1898, and produced "As You 
Like It" at Wallack's Theatre, New York, on November 28 of 
the same year. Miss Arthur was married to Mr. Cheney in 
February, 1898. 

ARTHUR, Paul: 

Actor, was born in this country and made his first appear- 
ances in the companies of Edwin Booth and Lotta. He was in 
"Cinderella at School" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, 
in 1883, and four years later he toured in "Held by the Enemy." 
He afterward played in "The Candidate," and "Jane." In 1892 
Mr. Arthur played Sheridan in "Aristocracy," and the following 
year in "Squirrel Inn," "Shadows," and "Hal o' the Hall." After 
touring in "The Sleepwalker" he joined the New York Casino 
company and appeared in "The Passing Show," and "The Little 
Trooper." The seasons of 1896-7 he acted in England and then 
played in "A Night Session" at the Manhattan Theatre, New 
York. Returning to England he played several seasons there, 
becoming a member of the Haymarket Theatre company in 1901. 
Since then, except for an American tour with Mrs. Langtry in 
1903, he has acted entirely in London. Mr. Arthur's address is 
11 Savoy Mansions, Savoy street, Strand, London, England. 

ASHLEY, Miss Minnie (Mrs. William Astor Chanler) : 

Singer and dancer, was born in Fall River, Mass., in 1875, 
the name of her parents being Whitehead. Her father and 
mother separated, and her mother, going to Boston, took her 
daughter with her. There Mrs. Whitehead became Mrs. Ashley, 
and her daughter took the same name. Miss Ashley made her 
first public appearance as an entertainer at a Washington's 
Birthday children's festival in the old Music Hall. She became 
solo dancer at these festivals, which were yearly affairs. Miss 
Ashley danced for the entertainment of guests at summer re- 
sorts in the White Mountains until she decided to become a 
professional stage dancer. Her first engagement was in Bos- 
ton in 1894 in the chorus of Edward E. Rice's production of 
"1492." In 1895 she made her first Broadway appearance in 
Rice's production of "Little Christopher," still being in the 
chorus. Her first engagement outside the chorus was in a musi- 
cal comedy, "The Chorus Girl," in 1898. She was engaged in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 23 

1899 by J. C. Duff to play Mollie Seamore in "The Geisha," and 
Dolly Wemyss in "The Circus Girl." In 1899 she played Gwen- 
dolyn in "Prince Pro Tern.," and in the same year Iris in "The 
Greek Slave." In following seasons she was in "San Toy" and 
"The Country Girl," produced at Daly's Theatre. In 1901 she 
was married to William Sheldon, a stepbrother of Walter Jones, 
the comedian. In 1903 she obtained a divorce from him, and on 
December 3 of that year was married to William Astor Chanler, 
a great-grandson of John Jacob Astor. After her marriage she 
retired from the stage. 

ASHWELL, Miss Lena: 

Actress, was born in 1872. She was the daughter of Cap- 
tain Pocock, of the British Navy, who afterward became a 
Church of England clergyman. Miss Ashwell was educated in 
Toronto, and studied music in Switzerland and at the Royal 
Academy of Music, London. When she was eighteen years old 
her elocutionary efforts attracted the attention of Ellen Terry, 
who advised the girl to abandon vocalism for the study of dra- 
matic art. Miss Ashwell made her first appearance on the pro- 
fessional stage at the Grand Theatre, Islington, London, in 1891, 
playing a small part in "The Pharisee." She then appeared with 
George Alexander in "Lady Windermere's Fan," and afterward 
with the late Arthur Dacre and Amy Roselle in "Man and 
Woman." In 1903 Miss Ashwell played Elaine in "King Arthur" 
with Sir Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, London, and 
three years later she played in "Richard III." In 1899 she was 
with Wilson Barrett in "Man and His Makers," and in "Wheels 
Within Wheels" at the Court Theatre. Miss Ashwell created the 
title part in Henry Arthur Jones's "Mrs. Dane's Defence" in 
1900, and she was leading woman with Sir Henry Irving at 
Drury Lane when he produced "Dante." Her performance in 
"The Resurrection," by Tolstoi, at Her Majesty's Theatre, Lon- 
don, led to her recognition as one of the greatest of English 
actresses. Her more recent successes have been in "The Darling 
of the Gods," "Leah Kleschna," which she played at Wyndham's 
Theatre, London, throughout the season of 1904-5, and "The 
Shulamite," 1905-6. The following season she made a tour of 
the United States in the same play. The season of 1907-8 she 
starred in London in Anthony P. Wharton's "Irene Wycher- 
ley," produced at her theatre, the Kingsway. Miss Ashwell's 
London address is 18 Cowley street, Westminster. 

ATWOOD, Miss Lorena E. (Mrs. Clarence F. Arper) : 

Actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., and educated there. 
She made her first appearance on the stage in 1895 in "His 



24 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Natural Life," and subsequently was seen in repertoire with 
McKee Rankin and with Milton Nobles on tour. For five years 
she appeared in stock in San Francisco, playing such roles as 
Trilby, Lady Alice in "The Runaway Wife," Portia in "The 
Merchant of Venice," etc. The season of 1903-4 she played 
Madge Larabee in "Sherlock Holmes" with Herbert Kelcey and 
Effie Shannon, and two years later was seen with Kyrle Bellew 
in "Raffles." Subsequently she was seen as Merab in "The 
Shepherd King" with Wright Lorimer, and after a season with 
the Fifth Avenue Theatre Stock Company appeared as Mrs. Wil- 
cox in "The Talk of New York" December 3, 1907, at the Knick- 
erbocker Theatre, New York. Miss Atwood married Clarence P. 
Arper. Her address is Hotel Seymour, Forty-fifth street, New 
York City. 

AUGARDE, Adrienne: 

Actress, made her first appearance on the stage in the chorus 
of the J. W. Turner Opera Company, rising gradually on tour 
to prominent parts. She went to London the following year, 
joining George Edwardes's "The Duchess of Dantzic" company, 
playing the leading ingenue role at its opening at the Lyric 
Theatre, London, in 1903. Following this she created the title 
role in "Lady Madcap" at the Prince of Wales Theatre in 1904. 
She came to New York, appearing in "The Duchess of Dantzic" 
with the original English company. She remained in the United 
States only two months and returned to London to assume the 
title part in "Little Michus," produced at Daly's Theatre, 1905. 
She appeared in "See-See" for two months and a half, and then 
created the role of the Princess in "The New Aladdin," pro- 
duced at the Gaiety Theatre. 

BAIED, Dorothea (Mrs. H. B. Irving) : 

Actress, the daughter of John Foster Baird, barrister-at-law, 
of London, England, was born May 20, 1875. After experience 
as an amateur, she was selected by the late George du Maurier, 
author of "Trilby," to create the title part in the play of that 
name, principally because she closely resembled his sketches of 
the heroine of his novel. Thus she made her first professional 
appearance as Trilby with Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket 
Theatre, London, in 1895, and was at once accepted as an ac- 
complished actress. In 1896 she was married to Henry Brodribb 
Irving, elder son of the late Sir Henry Irving. Miss Baird has 
since played leading parts in many London theatres, the most 
prominent being at His Majesty's in "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream," 1900; at the Garrick in "The Wedding Guest," 1901, and 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 25 

under the management of Charles Frohman, at the Duke of 
York's Theatre, as Mrs. Darling in "Peter Pan," 1904-5; in 
"Nero" at His Majesty's, 1906; "Mauricette" at the Lyric, and 
"Paolo and Francisco." The season of 1906-7 she toured this 
country in repertoire with her husband. Her London address 
is 1 Upper Woburn place, Tavistock square, W. C. 

BANGS, John Kendrick: 

Author and playwright, was born in Yonkers, N. Y., May 27, 
1862, being the son of Francis N. Bangs. He was graduated from 
Columbia College in 1883; and for a year studied law, when 
he became editor of Life, which position he held until 1888. His 
first book, "Roger Camerden," was published in 1886, since which 
he has written many well-known humorous books and short sto- 
ries. Mr. Bangs edited Harper's Weekly from 1898 to 1900, and 
The Metropolitan Magazine from 1902 to 1903. He then edited 
Puck until May, 1905. His produced plays are "The Bicyclers," 
a farce, 1898; "Lady Teazle," a musical version of "The School 
for Scandal," in which Miss Lillian Russell starred in 1905, and 
"Tomorrowland," a futurity extravaganza, produced in Balti- 
more early in 1905 and afterward played for a run in Boston, 
New York and on the road under the title of "The Man from 
Now." Mr. Bangs's home is in Maine. 

BARKER, H. Granville: 

Actor-manager and playwright, was born in London in 1877 
and made his first appearance on the stage in 1891. Later he 
joined Sarah Thome's company at Margate, remaining with her 
for six months, and then appeared with Charles Hawtrey at the 
Comedy Theatre and in the provinces. He became associated 
with Ben Greet, touring with him in repertoire, and two years 
later joined Mrs. Patrick Campbell's company, playing in "The 
Canary." In 1900 he was seen in "English Nell," and "Becky 
Sharp" at the Prince of Wales Theatre. For several years he 
was connected with the Stage Society, appearing in most of 
Bernard Shaw's plays, chiefly "Candida," "Captain Brassbound's 
Conversion," and "Mrs. Warren's Profession." In 1904 he joined 
J. E. Vedrenne, and with him managed the Court Theatre, Lon- 
don. Mr. Barker is the author of "The Voysey Inheritance" and 
"The Marrying of Ann Leete." In 1906 he married Miss Lilian 
McCarthy. He is a member of the National Liberal Club, Lon- 
don. 

BARNABEE, Henry Clay: 

Comic opera comedian, was born in Portsmouth, N. H., on 
November 14, 1833. His father, Willis Barnabee, was proprietor 



26 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

of the leading hotel of Portsmouth. Henry Clay Barnabee began 
his career as a clerk in a dry goods store in that town, and the 
only way he was able to gratify his longing for a musical career 
was by singing in the village church choir. At an early age he 
went to Boston to engage in the dry goods business, and there 
he became a member of the Unity Church Quartet. He continued 
his musical training by concert work and at entertainments of 
the Mercantile Library Association, an organization in which 
many prominent actors and entertainers received their early 
training. His work with this association (he was a member of 
its amusement committee) became so marked that there was a 
large demand for his services outside the city, and he soon at- 
tained such prominence that he devoted considerable time to con- 
cert and monologue performances in the larger cities of the 
Eastern States, although still maintaining his commercial con- 
nections. A serious illness during the Civil War prevented him 
from continuing in business, and in 1865 he became a profes- 
sional entertainer. He made his debut with "Patchwork; or, 
An Evening with Barnabee," a monologue, which he gave in a 
tour through the Northern States and Canada. A year later he 
made his first appearance on the legitimate stage at a benefit 
performance at the Boston Museum, playing Toby Twinkle in 
"All That Glitters Is Not Gold," Cox in "Box and Cox," and sing- 
ing the well-known song, "Simon the Cellarer." Thereafter he 
appeared at the Boston Theatre in such parts as Aminidab Sleek 
in "The Serious Family," and Henry Dove in "Married Life," 
and sang in the operettas, "The Two Cadis" and "Sir Marma- 
duke." In 1870 lie organized a concert company and toured New 
England and the Middle and Western States. In 1879 he became 
a member of the Boston Ideal Opera Company, then just formed, 
and became one of the star performers of that famous organiza- 
tion. In that company he appeared as Sir Joseph Porter in 
"Pinafore," Pasha in "Fatinitza," John Wellington Wells in "The 
Sorcerer," Lambertuccio in "Boccaccio," Florestan in "The Bo- 
hemian Girl," Baillie in "The Chimes of Normandy," the Duke 
in "Olivette," Abbg Bridaine in "The Musketeers," Lord Allcash 
in "Fra Diavolo," Bunthorne in "Patience," the Major-General 
in "The Pirates of Penzance," Bolero in "Girofle-Girofla," King 
Bobeche in "Bluebeard," Don Japhet in "Giralda," Prince Lo- 
renzo in "Mascot," the Marquis in "Fanchonette," and Bruno in 
"The Daughter of the Regiment." In 1888 the Boston Ideal 
Opera Company was dissolved, and the more famous Bostonians 
were organized, Mr. Barnabee being one of the chief promoters. 
It was as one of the stars of this company that Mr. Barnabee 
came to be known the country wide as the dean of light opera 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 27 

singers and comedians of the American stage. His best known 
and most popular creation with this company was the Sheriff 
of Nottingham in "Robin Hood," De Koven's opera. Other parts 
he played while the Bostonians were in existence were Marcas- 
sou in "The Poachers," Lurcher in "Dorothy," Don in "Don Pas- 
quale," Don Quixote in "Don Quixote," Chrysos in "Pygmalion 
and Galatea," the Governor in "The Knickerbockers," the Pro- 
fessor in "The Ogalallas," the Elder in "The Maid of Plymouth," 
La Fontaine in "Prince Ananias," Ezra Stebbins in "In Mexico," 
the Duke in "The Serenade," and Rip in "Rip Van Winkle." In 
1859 he married Miss Clara Warner, daughter of Major Daniel 
George Warner, of Warner, N. H. He is one of the original 
members of the Apollo Club, of Boston, and is also a member 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery of Boston. In 1905 the 
Bostonians, which for several years had been going down hill, 
broke up as a company. Since then Mr. Barnabee has done little 
on the stage, save for a few vaudeville performances. 

BARNES, J. H.: 

Actor, was born in England February, 1852, and made his 
first appearance with Sir Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, 
London, in a small part in "The Bells." He filled many provin- 
cial engagements until 1874, when he came to the United States 
with Adelaide Neilson as leading man of her company. In 1883 
he reappeared at the Lyceum, in London, with Mary Anderson, 
playing leading man in "Ingomar" and in all her repertoire. He 
also accompanied her on her tour of the United States. He was 
with the Kendals in 1886 and with Grace Hawthorne in 1887. In 
recent years he played with Sir Henry Irving at the London 
Lyceum, and accompanied him to the United States on his tours. 
In 1905 he came to this country under engagement to Charles 
Frohman. The fall season of 1906 he was in the cast of "The 
Hypocrites," by Henry Arthur Jones, produced at the Hudson 
Theatre, New York. He has written a quantity of verse, includ- 
ing a serious poem, "The Mission of Judas," and a lament on 
the death of Queen Victoria. 

AERIE, James Matthew: 

Author and playwright, was born at Kirriemuir, Scotland, 
in 1860 and educated at Dumfries and Edinburgh University. He 
had already made his mark as a novelist when his first play, 
"Walker, London," was produced at Toole's Theatre, London, in 
1890. The following year he married Miss Mary Ansell, an 
actress, who was appearing in his play. Mr. Barrie's fame as a 
playwright rests largely on his adaptations of his own novels. 



28 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Among his most prominent successes, all of which have found 
favor in this country, are "The Professor's Love Story," written 
for E. S. Willard and produced in 1895; "The Little Minister,"" 
produced in 1897, in which Miss Maude Adams starred; "Quality 
Street," in which she starred in 1902; "The Admirable Crichton," 
presented here by William Gillette; "Little Mary," and "Peter 
Pan," produced in London in 1904 with Miss Nina Boucicault 
in the title role, and in which Miss Adams starred here. His 
latest plays are "Pantaloon," and "Alice Sit-by-the-Fire," both 
played by Miss Ethel Barrymore in this country; "Josephine," a 
revue, and "Punch." Mr. Barrie's principal recreation is play- 
ing cricket. 

BARROWS, James 0.: 

Actor, was born in Copperopolis, Cal., and made his first ap- 
pearance on the stage as a "super" at the California Theatre, 
San Francisco. He afterward played small parts in stock com- 
panies in that city. Coming East he joined the Frohman forces, 
remaining with the same management over ten years, during 
which he played in "Esmeralda," "The Wife," "Shenandoah," 
"Men and Women," "The Girl I Left Behind Me," "The Coun- 
cilor's Wife," "The Fatal Card," etc. He was with the late 
Richard Mansfield in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," and with Mrs. 
Fiske in "Featherbrain." For two years he supported W. H. 
Crane, and in 1897 he created the part of Squire Bartlett in 
" 'Way Down East." He was seen with John Drew in "On a 
Summer's Day," and after a season with the Castle Square Stock 
Company, Boston, he played in "Brown's in Town," then formed 
a partnership with John Lancaster, with whom he has since 
played in vaudeville houses. 

BARRYMORE, Miss Ethel: 

Actress, on both her father's and mother's side is descended 
from families whose names are noted on the stages of two con- 
tinents. The daughter of the late Maurice Barrymore and Geor- 
gina Drew, the niece of John Drew and the sister of John and 
Lionel Barrymore, she was born in Philadelphia in 1878. 
The first recorded appearance on the stage of Miss Ethel 
Barrymore was at the Empire Theatre on September 23, 1895, 
when she played the role of Katherine in Henry Guy Carle- 
ton's comedy, "That Independent Young Person," Miss Maude 
Adams and John Drew also being in the cast. The following 
year Miss Barrymore became a member of the Empire Theatre 
stock company, her uncle, John Drew, being its leading man. 
Her first role in this company was that of the serving maid ia 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 29 

"Rosemary." Following this she played Priscilla in "Secret 
Service," going to London with the company and meeting with 
such favor that she soon became as well known at the recep- 
tions in society drawing-rooms as she was on the stage. In the 
fall of 1897 she was engaged by Sir Henry Irving and played 
several important roles in his productions, her work in "Peter 
the Great" calling forth especial commendation. At this time 
her engagement was announced to Gerald du Maurier, the son 
of the author of "Trilby," who had played in the American tour 
of Beerbohm Tree's company in 1896. This engagement, how- 
ever, like a previously rumored one to Laurence Irving, the son 
of Sir Henry Irving, proved to be without foundation. In 1900 
she returned to the management of Charles Frohman and became 
a star, her first appearance as such being in "Captain Jinks." 
Her success in this stamped her as a worthy successor to the 
honors of her mother, and her accomplishments, aside from those 
displayed on the stage, opened to her the doors of the homes of 
many of the best known New York City families, where she was 
received as a social equal. "Captain Jinks" was followed by 
"Cousin Kate" at the Hudson Theatre, New York, in which Miss 
Barrymore made another personal triumph. At the beginning 
of the season of 1905 she appeared in "Sunday," which had a 
short run. In May Charles Frohman made a special production 
of Ibsen's "A Doll's House" for her at the Lyceum Theatre, New 
York, she playing the role of Nora. In December following she 
opened for a short run in J. M. Barrie's "Alice Sit-by-the-Fire" 
at the Criterion Theatre, New York; and in the spring of 1907 
was seen as Mrs. Jones in "The Silver Box" at the Empire 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1907-8 she appeared in "Her 
Sister." 

BARTON, Miss Grace: 

Actress, was born in Watertown, N. Y., and was educated at 
Syracuse and Utica. She made her first appearance in "In the 
Palace of the King" in 1900, and afterward attracted attention 
in the company of Miss Amelia Bingham, who introduced her to 
New York audiences. The following season she was with Miss 
Rose Coghlan, with whom she went to Europe. Returning to 
this country, she made a success as Miss Merriam in "Captain 
Jinks of the Horse Marines," and also as Prossy in "Candida." 
The season of 1906 Miss Barton supported William J. Kelley in 
his stock company at the Harlem Opera House, New York. 

BATEMAN, Miss Victory: 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia. She made her first ap- 
pearance as an amateur when a child, with the Wheatly Dra- 



30 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

matic Association in that city, in "Rosedale." Her first profes- 
sional appearance was as Gertie Hacket in "Romany Rye," which 
she played for three seasons, in support of the late William Ter- 
riss. She afterward played leading parts with Louis James and 
Frederick Warde. In 1892 Miss Bateman supported the late E. J. 
Henley and Aubrey Boucicault in "The Favorite" at Stockwell's 
Theatre, San Francisco. For a season she was leading woman 
at the Imperial Theatre, St. Louis, playing Carmen, Camille, 
Vera in "Moths"; Young Mrs. Winthrop, Juliet, Portia, and 
Mercy Baxter in "Caprice," in which she made her greatest suc- 
cess. She created the part of Nora Hanlon in the English melo- 
drama "Burmah " produced in Boston in 1895, and she was also 
the original Dearest in "Little Lord Fauntleroy." In the sum- 
mer of 1906 Miss Bateman was leading woman in the Bush 
Temple Stock Company in Chicago. She has since been seen 
chiefly in stock companies. 

BATES, Miss Blanche (Mrs. Milton F. Davis) : 

Actress, was born in Portland, Ore., in 1873. Her father and 
mother, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Bates, were well known as actors 
in the West and in Australia, her father being manager of the 
Oro Fino Theatre in Portland at the time of her birth. When 
she was three years old the family moved to San Francisco, 
where she was educated. Miss Bates made her first appearance 
on the stage at a benefit for L. R. Stockwell, manager of Stock- 
well's Theatre, later known as the Columbia, in San Francisco 
in 1894, in a one-act play, by Brander Matthews, called "This 
Picture and That." She next played general utility parts in the 
company of T. Daniel Frawley at a salary of about twenty dol- 
lars a week. Going with him to New York, they were engaged 
by James Neill for the Giffin and Neill company, then playing in 
Denver, Salt Lake City and Portland. Miss Bates's salary was 
thirty-five dollars a week. Mr. Frawley becoming proprietor of 
the company, Miss Bates was advanced first to leading woman 
and afterward to joint star, making her first marked success in 
1895 as Mrs. Hillary in "The Senator." She played the leading 
comedy parts in "The Railroad of Love," "Nancy & Co.," "The 
Last Word," "The International Match," "The Transit of Leo," 
"Sweet Lavender," and "Captain Swift." As Phyllis in "The 
Charity Ball" she proved herself an able emotional actress, and 
after playing in "The Wife," "In Spite of All," "The Dancing 
Girl," and "An Enemy of the King," she won a success as Nora 
in Ibsen's "A Doll's House." Miss Bates was first engaged by 
Augustin Daly in 1898 and played Shakespearian parts with his 
company. After another short starring tour with Frawley she 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 31 

created the part of the Countess Mirtza in "The Great Ruby" at 
Daly's Theatre, New York, but resigned from the company after 
playing the part only twice. Her withdrawal caused much news- 
paper comment. Her acting in this, however, obtained for her 
an engagement to play Miladi in Liebler & Co.'s production of 
"The Musketeers," in which she was again conspicuously suc- 
cessful. She first appeared under the management of David 
Belasco at his New York Theatre in the Japanese one-act play, 
"Madame Butterfly." Miss Bates's next success was as Cigarette 
in Belasco's production of "Under Two Flags." Then came the 
Princess Yo-San in "The Darling of the Gods," by David Belasco 
and John Luther Long, which ran through two seasons. Her 
most recent success is in the star part of The Girl, in Belasco's 
drama of early California life, "The Girl of the Golden West," 
produced in the fall of 1905 at the Belasco Theatre, New York. 
Miss Bates is the wife of Milton F. Davis, a Minnesota man, 
first lieutenant in the First 'Cavalry, U. S. A., who was gradu- 
ated from West Point. She lives with her mother. 

BAUM, Lyman Frank: 

Playwright, was born at Chittenango, N. Y., May 15, 1856. 
He was educated at Syracuse and began newspaper work in 
South Dakota in 1880. He is the author of many books for 
children. His produced plays are: "Maid of Arran," New York, 
1881; "Matches," New York, 1882; "Kilmore," Syracuse, 1884; 
"Queen of Killarney," Rochester, 1885; "The Wizard of Oz," Chi- 
cago, 1902, and "The Woggle Bug," Chicago, 1905. Mr. Baum 
married at Fayetteville, N. Y., Maud, daughter of Matilda Jos- 
lyn Gage. He is a member of the Chicago Press Club, the New 
York Athletic Club and The Players. His home is in Chicago in 
the winter and at Macatawa, Mich., in the summer. 

BELASCO, David: 

Playwright and manager, was born in San Francisco, Cal., 
July 25, 1859. He was graduated from Lincoln College, Califor- 
nia, in 1875. His first play, written at the age of fourteen, and 
acted by himself and his friends, was entitled "Jim Black; or, 
The Regulator's Revenge." Mr. Belasco started his career as a 
call boy at Baldwin's Theatre, San Francisco, and in 1878 he had 
become its stage manager. He also held the same place at the 
Grand Opera House and the Metropolitan Theatre, San Fran- 
cisco. While he was directing stage work he was also dramatiz- 
ing novels, adapting foreign plays and doing original work. 
Something like a hundred plays of this nature were produced 
with varying success. In 1880 the Mallory Brothers engaged 



32 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Mr. Belasco to take charge of their productions at the Madison 
Square Theatre, New York. It was there that he gained his 
first pronounced success as an author with "May Blossom" in 
1884. "La Belle Russe," "Valerie," and "Hearts of Oak" had 
already had prosperous runs in New York. Mr. Belasco next 
went with Daniel Frohman to the Lyceum Theatre, taking charge 
of his productions in 1887. Here he wrote "Lord Chumley," 
with Henry C. De Mille, which started E. H. Sothern on his 
prosperous career. "The Wife" and "The Charity Ball," written 
in conjunction with Mr. De Mille, followed at the Lyceum Thea- 
tre, and "Men and Women," written for Charles Frohman, was 
produced by him at Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre. Fol- 
lowing this, in collaboration with Franklin Fyles, Mr. Belasco 
wrote "The Girl I Left Behind Me," which opened the Empire 
Theatre, New York. "The Heart of Maryland," written by Mr. 
Belasco, was produced in 1895 and was the means of starting 
Mrs. Leslie Carter on the road to stardom. In 1897 Mr. Belasco 
produced "The First Born," by Francis Powers, and the follow- 
ing season he starred Mrs. Leslie Carter in his own version of 
Berton and Simon's "Zaza." In 1899 he produced a farcical 
comedy entitled "Naughty Anthony," with Miss Blanche Bates 
in the leading role, and later his dramatization of John Luther 
Long's Japanese story, "Madame Butterfly," in which Miss Bates 
was again the principal figure. On April 16, 1900, at the Gar- 
rick Theatre, London, he presented Mrs. Carter in "Zaza" with 
great success, and "Madame Butterfly" was also produced at the 
Duke of York's Theatre, repeating its American success. "Ma- 
dame Du Barry," written by Mr. Belasco, was produced at the 
New National Theatre, Washington, D. C., December 12, 1901, 
and on December 25 at the Criterion Theatre, New York. "The 
Darling of the Gods," a drama of old Japan, written by Mr. 
Belasco in collaboration with John Luther Long, was produced 
at the Belasco Theatre, New York, in the following year, 1902, 
with Miss Blanche Bates as the Princess Yo-San. "Sweet Kitty 
Bellairs," written by Mr. Belasco and founded on Egerton Cas- 
tle's novel, "The Bath Comedy," was produced at the Belasco 
Theatre, New York, in 1903, with Miss Henrietta Crosman in 
the title r61e. Mr. Belasco's next play, produced in 1905, at the 
Belasco Theatre, New York, was "Adrea," a classic tragedy of 
the Byzantine period, written in collaboration with John Luther 
Long. Mrs. Leslie Carter played the principal role. In Septem- 
ber, 1904, Mr. Belasco produced "The Music Master," with David 
Warfield in the character of Herr von Earwig, at the Belasco 
Theatre, New York, and "The Girl of the Golden West," a drama 
of the days of '49 in California, with Miss Blanche Bates in the 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 33 

title role, opened at the Belasco Theatre November 14, 1905. The 
fall of 1906 he produced "The Rose of the Rancho" at the Belasco 
Theatre. He opened his new Stuyvesant Theatre, New York, 
October 16, 1907, with David Warfield in "The Grand Army 
Man." 

BELDON, Edwin: 

Actor, was born in Princeton, 111., and after graduating at 
the public schools in that city he entered the Chicago Conser- 
vatory, which was then under Hart Conway's direction, and from 
which institution he was graduated in 1899. Coming to New 
York, he was engaged by A. M. Palmer for Richard Mansfield's 
production of "Cyrano de Bergerac," and remained with that 
actor for three years. During this time he appeared in every 
play then in Mr. Mansfield's repertoire. He then played for one 
season in Toledo, Ohio, in stock at the Lyceum Theatre in such 
roles as Pierre in the "Two Orphans," the Marquis in "The 
Nancy Hanks," and Sam Gerridge in "Caste." The next season 
Mr. Beldon played the Imp in "When We Were Twenty-one," 
after which he was engaged by Daniel Sully to create the light 
comedy role in his play, "The Matchmaker." Mr. Beldon con- 
tinued with Mr. Sully for two years, and last season was seen 
in the part of Tom Ripley in "The Woman Hater" with Harry 
Beresford. Mr. Beldon's permanent address is the Green Room 
Club, New York City. 

BELL, Digby Valentine: 

Comic opera singer and comedian, was born in Milwaukee, 
Wis., in 1849, being the son of William J. Bell, a banker. When 
he was five years old the family moved to New York, where he 
received his education. After being graduated from college he 
became a member of the Stock Exchange. He had found time 
to pursue an early bent for singing, and his success as a bari- 
tone at concerts soon led him to forsake business and go to 
Italy to study music. He studied there for five years, and in 
1876 made his debut in grand opera at Malta, his first roles be- 
ing those of the Count in "La Sonnambula," and Valentine in. 
"Faust." He next appeared at the Teatro Fondo, in Naples, 
singing the leading baritone roles in "Faust," "II Trovatore," 
"Linda," "La Sonnambula" and "Traviata." He left Italy to 
sing in oratorios in Boston, Chicago and Detroit. At the end 
of his concert tour he became a member of the Martinez Eng- 
lish Opera Company, in which he sang all the well-known bari- 
tone roles. This company finally became stranded in Montreal, 
and to enable it to get to New York it was decided to put on 



34 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Pinafore," which had never been played in Canada. Its suc- 
cess was instantaneous, and Mr. Bell's personal achievement as 
the Admiral was so marked in a subsequent tour of the United 
States that he decided to devote himself to comic opera. He ac- 
cordingly appeared next in "The Sorcerer," "Trial by Jury" and 
the one-act musical comedies, "Ages Ago." "The Spectre Knight" 
and "Charity Begins at Home," all written by W. S. Gilbert. 
His next engagement was with the Comley-Barton company, 
with which he created the role in this country of Coliquot in 
"Olivette." For the next three years he was under contract with 
Augustin Daly. At this time he created the part of Jack Polo in 
"Cinderella at School," and appeared in "Zanina," "Needles and 
Pins," "The Passing Regiment" and "Americans Abroad." After 
another season with the Comley-Barton company he rejoined the 
McCaull Opera Company and appeared in "Nell Gwynne," "The 
Princess of Trebizonde," "The Pirates of Penzance," "Don 
Caesar," "The Black Hussar," "The Mikado," "Boccaccio," "Fati- 
nitza," "Indiana" and "Ruddygore." He married Laura Joyce 
while they were playing in Mr. Daly's company. After starring 
in "The Tar and the Tartar" and "Jupiter" in New York, he 
became the leading comedian of the Lillian Russell Opera Com- 
pany, appearing with Miss Russell in "The Princess Nicotine," 
"Girofle-Girofla," "The Grand Duchess," "The Queen of Bril- 
liants" and "La Perichole." Despite his success as a comic 
opera star Mr. Bell aspired to legitimate comedy, and after a 
starring tour in "Nancy Lee" he, with his wife as co-star, made 
a tour in Hoyt's 'A Midnight Bell." His next appearance was 
in "The Hoosier Doctor," written by Augustus Thomas. The 
seasons of 1905-6-7 he starred as Mr. Pipp in "The Education of 
Mr. Pipp," the comedy built around the drawings of Charles 
Dana Gibson by Augustus Thomas. The season of 1907-8 he 
played in "Shore Acres." Mr. Bell's address is 1476 Lexington 
avenue, New York. 

BELL, Gaston: 

Actor, was born in New York and was graduated from a school 
of dramatic art in 1902. The same year he played a small part 
in one of Charles Frohman's companies and in 1903 he appeared 
as Horatio Drake in "The Christian" with a traveling company 
headed by Lionel Adams and Bianca West. In 1904 he played 
a juvenile part in "Our New Man," supporting Harry Beresford, 
and in the spring of 1905 he succeeded William Courtenay as 
Little Billee in "Trilby" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New 
York. The season of 1906 he was with Miss Clara Lipman in 
"Julie Bonbon." 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 35 

BELLEW, Kyrle (Harold Kyrle Bellew) : 

Actor, was born in Prescot, England, March 28, 1855, being 
the son of the late Rev. J. C. M. Bellew. who was well known 
as a public reader. After a time in a ship broker's office, wheii 
sixteen years old, he went to Australia, where he prospected for 
gold and for a time did newspaper work. He made his first 
stage appearance at Solferino, Australia, in 1874, playing a small 
part in the one-act farce, "Turn Him Out." He made his first 
appearance in England the following year at the Theatre Royal, 
Brighton, as Lord Woodstock in "Clancarty." His first London 
appearance was at the Park Theatre October 16, 1875, again in 
"Turn Him Out." He was then with the Haymarket Company 
for three years, and in 1878 joined the company of the late Sir 
Henry Irving. He first visited this country in 1882, but did 
not act here. His American debut was made at Wallack's Thea- 
tre, New York, as Hubert in "In His Power" October 26, 1885. 
He remained here two years, playing many parts. While appear- 
ing in "Loyal Love" in London he met Mrs. James Brown Pot- 
ter and they formed a partnership in 1888 and went on a star- 
ring tour in Australia, India, etc., which lasted three years. Mr. 
Bellew and Mrs. Potter remained together until 1898. The fol- 
lowing year Mr. Bellew returned to Australia and went into 
mining ventures. In 1901 he reappeared at Wallack's, in New 
York, in "A Gentleman of France." He played Romeo in an all- 
star cast and October 27, 1903, first appeared as Raffles. He 
was seen as Brigadier Gerard in the play of the same name Oc- 
tober 1, 1906, playing it throughout the season. As joint star 
with Miss Margaret Illington he appeared in "The Thief" at the 
Lyceum Theatre, New York, September 9, 1907. Mr. Bellew is 
a member of The Lambs. His New York address is the Hotel 
Earlington, 55 West Twenty-seventh street. 

BENTLEY, Miss Irene (Mrs. Harry B. Smith) : 

Actress, was born in Baltimore, where her father was a 
wealthy merchant. While still in her 'teens Miss Bentley was 
married to J. Thomas Sothoron, a lawyer, of Washington, D. C. 
A divorce followed and, her father having met with financial 
disaster, Miss Bentley found herself compelled to earn her own 
living. Choosing the theatrical profession, she went to 
New York and obtained an engagement with E. E. Rice and 
the late A. M. Palmer to appear as one of the Captain's daugh- 
ters in "Little Christopher" at the Madison Square Theatre. 
Thus she made her first appearance on the stage in 1895. Miss 
Bentley then became a member of the Casino chorus, appearing 
in "The Merry World," where she attracted the attention of 



36 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

George W. Lederer, who pushed her forward until she assumed 
prima donna parts and eventually became a star, her first stellar 
part being in the musical comedy, "The Wild Rose." Since then 
Miss Bentley has been the star of several light musical pieces. 
She has also appeared as a ballad singer in vaudeville houses. 
Early in 1907 Miss Bentley became the wife of Harry B. Smith, 
the playwright. 

BENNETT, Richard: 

Actor, was born on a farm in Indiana and educated at 
Logansport, Ind. He studied engineering before making his 
first professional stage appearance in "The Limited Mail" at 
the old Standard Theatre, Chicago. He was with touring com- 
panies for several years, and then came near joining the Au- 
gustin Daly company, but was prevented by a previous verbal 
contract and threatened injunction. He played a summer en- 
gagement in "The Round of Pleasure" at the New Amsterdam 
Theatre, New York. He then made his first appearance with 
Charles Frohman in "The Proper Caper" at the Madison Square 
Theatre, New York, playing Achille. He has remained under 
the .Frohman management for more than ten years, having 
played .the following original parts: In 1896, Dick Beach in 
"The White Heather"; 1897, Charles Le Roy, "Her Atonement"; 
Fred Sinden, "White Horse Tavern"; 1898, Captain Rivers, "His 
Excellency"; Father Anselm, "The Royal Family"; 1900, heavy 
part in "Sweet and Twenty"; 1901, heavy part in "Jim Bludso": 
1902, Jimmy Greaves in "Imprudence"; 1903, Boer Boy in "Best 
ol Friends"; 1904, Taylor in "The Other Girl"; 1905, Young 
American in. "Man and Superman"; 1905-6, Jefferson Ryder in 
"The Lion and the Mouse" in New York and London; 1906, Len- 
nard Wilmore in "The Hypocrites"; 1907, Dick Livingston in 
"Strongheart" in London, and Adamar in "Divorgons," also in 
London. The same year he also played the Rev. Edgar Linnell 
in "The Hypocrites." Mr. Bennett married Miss Mabel Morri- 
son, actress, a daughter of the late Lewis Morrison. He is a 
member of The Lambs, The Players, the Elks and the Bulldog 
Club. His principal recreations he finds in golf, tennis, horses 
and dogs. 

BERKELEY, Miss Gertrude (Mrs. Wilson Enos) : 

Actress, was born in Plattsburg, N. Y., of Scotch and Eng- 
lish parents and educated at the Potsdam (N. Y.) Normal School. 
At the age of seventeen she appeared in an old character part 
with Thomas Herndon in "The Colleen Bawn," after which fol- 
lowed several seasons in repertoire companies in such roles as 




RICHARD BENNETT 



38 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Audre, Lady Macbeth, etc. She made her first marked success 
in Charles Frohman's production of "The Girl I Left Behind 
Me," succeeding Miss Blanche Walsh in the leading r61e of 
Kate Kennion when the play closed at the Empire Theatre in 
1895 and went on tour. Miss Berkeley left the company in San 
Francisco to join the Daniel Frawley Stock Company in that 
city, with which organization she remained three years. She 
continued in stock, going to Woodward, S. C., and then opening 
her own playhouse in Kansas City, Mo., on the lines of Mrs. 
Osborne's company in New York. She gave up this enterprise 
to go to Washington, where she appeared in John T. Sullivan's 
company. Miss Berkeley attracted the attention of New York 
managers in 1904 while she was appearing with the Proctor 
Fifth Avenue Stock Company in a production of "Anna Kare- 
nina." Subsequently she was seen in Louis K. Anspacher's "The 
Embarrassment of Riches," produced at Wallack's Theatre, New 
York, in 1906. The season of 1906-7 she appeared as Gina in 
Ibsen's "The Wild Duck" with Wright Lorimer, and early in the 
season of 1907-8 as Aline Solness in "The Master Builder" with 
Alia Nazimova. Miss Berkeley was married to the late Wilson 
Enos June 17, 1891. She has one son. Her home is at the Wood- 
stock Hotel, New York. 

BEKGEN, Miss Nella (Mrs. De Wolf Hopper) : 

Light opera prima donna, was born in Brooklyn, her father 
being Captain John Riordan, of the Police Department. When 
she was eighteen years old her singing attracted the attention 
of the famous bandmaster, Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore, and he 
engaged her as soprano soloist for his band concerts on tour and 
in New York. After several seasons with him she retired from 
public view, save for amateur performances of the operas of 
Gilbert and Sullivan and solo singing in Brooklyn church choirs, 
to engage in further musical study. In 1895 she returned to 
the professional ranks and toured the country under the man- 
agement of Fred C. Whitney in Smith and De Koven's "The 
Fencing Master." She soon again left the stage, this time to 
become the wife of James D. Bergen, a wealthy cut-glass manu- 
facturer of Meriden and Hartford, Conn. As Mrs. Bergen she 
was one of the most noted church choir singers of Meriden and 
Hartford. The old love for the stage, however, reasserted it- 
self, and in 1897 she left the Centre Church choir, of Hartford, 
to play the leading soprano role with De Wolf Hopper in "El 
Capitan." In 1899 she was again with Mr. Hopper in "The Charla- 
tan." Mr. Hopper had obtained a divorce from Mrs. Edna Wallace 
Hopper in the summer of 1898, and when Mrs. Bergen left the 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 39 

cast of "The Charlatan," to go to South Dakota, it was rumored 
that she and Mr. Hopper would be married as soon as she had 
obtained a divorce. Rumor proved truth and they were mar- 
ried. She played thereafter with him in the leading soprano 
roles in all of his comic operas until the last season, when they 
appeared in different companies. She was the star of the Sousa 
opera, "The Free Lance," which ended the 1906 season at the 
New Amsterdam Theatre. The season of 1907-8 she was seen as 
Grace Palmer in George Cohan's "The Talk of New York." 

BERGERE, Miss Valerie: 

Actress, was born in Metz, France. With her sister Leona, 
who was a member of the Conried Opera Company, she came to 
this country when a girl and studied the English language. She 
made her first appearance as Dora Vane in "Harbor Lights" at 
Oakland, Cal., in 1892, and the following season played ingenue 
parts with Maud Granger in California and the Northwest. The 
same year she created the part of Mrs. Russell Ritchie in "The 
Journalist" with marked success. She next appeared in New 
York in "A Piece of Steel." In 1895 Miss Bergere did excellent 
work as Jen, a tough girl, in "A White Rat," and as Marie 
Vernet, a French adventuress, in "On the Mississippi." Three 
years later she was a member of the Girard Avenue Stock Com- 
pany at Philadelphia, appearing in such parts as Henriette in 
"'The Two Orphans," Mrs. Rawlston in "Jim the Penman," Su- 
zanne in "The Masked Ball," Miriam in "The Butterflies," and 
as Carmen. Miss Bergere has recently been seen in vaudeville 
in the one-act sketch, "A Bowery Camille." 

BERNARD, Sam (Barnett) : 

Comedian, was born in Birmingham, England, on June 3, 
1863. When he was four years old his parents moved to the 
United States. He and his brother Dick were imbued with 
"show" ambitions when they were youngsters, and gave their 
first appearance in their father's woodshed. They made their 
first stage appearance in New York in 1876 at the old Grand 
Duke Theatre, Baxter and Worth streets. The theatre was in a 
basement, and the admission fee was five cents. The Bernards 
used to perform there after school hours, billed as the Bernard 
Brothers, and did one of the knockabout comedian singing and 
dancing acts so popular at that time. As a team they played 
this sketch in vaudeville and variety houses until 1884, when 
Sam Bernard joined the stock company at B. F. Keith's Provi- 
dence (R. I.) theatre to play comedy roles. In 1885 he went to 
England and appeared in character sketches in the leading 



40 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

music halls and variety theatres. He returned to the Uni ed 
States in 1886, created the role of the Bad Boy in "The Corner 
Grocery," and for two seasons played the principal comedy role 
in "Lost in London." He next gave his attention to burlesque, 
and from 1888 to 1891 played the principal comedy parts with 
the Night Owls. Later he became part proprietor, with Mr. 
Manchester, of the French Folly Company, also a burlesque com- 
pany, in which he again played the leading comedy parts. It 
was at this period that he became popular as a German dialect 
comedian, and it was the laughs which greeted his language 
nonsense which led to his being engaged by Weber & Fields 
to tour with the Russell Brothers. When Weber & Fields or- 
ganized the burlesque company, the Vaudeville Club, they placed 
Mr. Bernard in charge of it. When that company was retired 
he became a member of the Weber & Fields Broadway Music 
Hall Company in New York, with which he remained until 1901. 
In 1904 he was engaged by Charles Frohman to star with Miss 
Hattie Williams in "The Girl from Kay's," which ran for a 
season at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. In this Mr. 
Bernard made the chief success of his career. He continued 
this success, still as a co-star with Miss Williams, in "The 
Rollicking Girl," also produced at the Herald Square Theatre 
by Charles Frohman in the season of 1905-6. The seasons of 
1906-7-8 he starred in "The Rich Mr. Hoggenheimer." 

BEKNHARDT, Madame Sarah (Rosina Sarah Damala) : 

Actress, was born in Paris October 22, 1844, and educated at 
the Convent de Grandchamps, Versailles. She made her first ap- 
pearance on the stage at the Come'die Franchise when she was 
eighteen years old as Iphig6nie. After appearing at the Gym- 
nase, Porte St. Martin and Od6on theatres she returned to the 
Come'die Franchise in 1872 and was nominated a "societaire" in 
1875. When she left the Come'die to make her first visit to 
America and England she was fined $20,000. She made her 
first appearance in America in 1880. Returning to Paris the 
following year, she became director of the Theatre Ambigu. In 
1882 she was married to M. Damala. She bought the Porte St. 
Martin in 1883 and made many noted productions there. Her 
next visit to America was in 1886. From 1887 to 1893 she 
played at the Porte St. Martin, and then assumed directorship 
of the Renaissance, where many of her greatest successes were 
made. In 1898 she bought the old Theatre des Nations, which 
she renamed the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt. Her most recent 
visit to this country was in the season of 1905-6, when she 
toured under the management of the Shuberts, after a brilliant 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 41 

engagement at the Lyric Theatre, New York. She played fare- 
well performances there June 12 and 13, 1906, appearing in 
"Hamlet," "Frou-Frou," "Camille" and "L'Aiglon." During her 
tour Madame Bernhardt frequently played under a huge tent, 
on account of the war between rival managerial organizations. 
Madame Bernhardt, besides being a painter and sculptor of rec- 
ognized ability, has written many books and magazine articles 
and produced a play, "L'Aveu," written by herself, at the 
Od6on Theatre, Paris, in 1888. Her home address is Boulevard 
Pereire, 5, Paris. 

BERTRAM, Miss Helen (Mrs. E. J. Morgan) : 

Comic opera prima donna, was born Lulu May Burt in Tus- 
cola, 111., in 1869. She made her first histrionic effort when a 
child of four, being held on a table to speak a piece in the 
arms of Mrs. Joseph G. Cannon, wife of the present Speaker 
of the House of Representatives. She was educated in Indian- 
apolis, and studied music there and at the Cincinnati College 
of Music. Miss Bertram made her first New York appearance 
at the old Madison Square Garden as Josephine in "Pinafore," 
a part she played "one consecutive week." She was then en- 
gaged by the Emma Abbott Opera Company and played Filina 
in "Mignon" in 1888. She then went under the management of 
J. C. Duff, appearing in a large repertoire of light operas. Dur- 
ing this engagement she was married to Signer Tommasi, the 
musical director of the company. A divorce followed a few years 
later. After singing many prima donna parts with the McCaull 
Opera Company, Miss Bertram became a member of Henry E. 
Abbey's English Opera Company. In 1893 she was married to 
the late E. J. Henley, a well-known actor. She had one child 
by him, Rosina Henley, born in 1894. Mr. Henley died a few 
years after the marriage. After being prima donna with the Bos- 
tonians, Miss Bertram joined the Carl Rosa Opera Company, 
and at the Covent Garden Theatre, London, sang Santuzza in 
"Cavalleria Rusticana," Arline in "The Bohemian Girl" and 
Nedda in "I Pagliacci." Miss Bertram was in the original 
casts of "The Tar and the Tartar," "Foxy Quiller," "Peggy from 
Paris," "A War Time Wedding" and "La Basoche" (in this coun- 
try). She has also played prima donna roles in "Clover," "The 
Black Hussar," "Amorita," "Miss Helyett," "The Prince of Pil- 
sen," "The Serenade," "Robin Hood" and "Prince Ananias." She 
has since played in stock companies and in vaudeville. At the 
death of Mr. Henley Miss Bertram became the wife of E. J. 
Morgan, a popular actor, who died early in 1906. 



42 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

BEVERIDGE, J. D.: 

Actor, was born in Dublin in 1844, his father being a civil 
engineer. A clerkship in his father's firm not suiting him he 
ran away at the age of sixteen and joined a traveling theatrical 
company, making his first appearance at Oldham, in Lancashire. 
England. After a few years of "barnstorming" he obtained an 
engagement at the Adelphi Theatre, making his first London ap- 
pearance in "Lost at Sea" in 1869. For years he played leads 
in English provincial companies, principally in the Robertson 
comedies. His Pygmalion in "Pygmalion and Galatea" attracted 
attention at this time. Again returning to the Adelphi for the 
production of "Taken from Life," in 1881, he remained there 
under the management of the Gattis until 1897, playing heavies 
in the long series of Adelphi melodramas, and becoming the lead- 
ing exponent of stage villainy on the English stage. Afterward 
Mr. Beveridge created the part of the Professor in "Old Heidel- 
berg" at the St. James's Theatre and appeared in "The Country 
House" at the Prince of Wales's in 1903. Mr. Beveridge came to 
this country under the management of Charles Frohman in 1904. 
The seasons of 1905-6-7 he played in "Man and Superman," sup- 
porting Robert Loraine. The season of 1907-8 he was acting 
in London. 

BIGELOW, Charles A. : 

Actor, was born in Cleveland, O., December 12, 1862, being the 
son of Henry A. and Matilda Bigelow. His first stage appearance 
was made at the age of fourteen in Boston, Mass., where he ap- 
peared in a production of "The Crystal Slipper." Later he joined 
the Carleton Opera Company, where his ability as a comedian was 
discovered. He rose rapidly after this engagement, subsequently 
coming to New York with Lillian Russell and making his first 
marked success as Novo Mund in "The Princess Nicotine," pro- 
duced at the Casino Theatre. The season of 1894-5 he was seen 
in "Little Christopher," and the following year in "Excelsior, 
Jr." The season of 1897-8 he appeared in "Evangeline," "The 
Girl from Paris" and "The French Maid," the latter lasting two 
seasons. For three years he was Anna Held's principal come- 
dian, playing in "Papa's Wife" and "The Little Duchess," and 
then joined Weber and Fields's forces, appearing during the sea- 
sons of 1902-3-4 in "Twirly Whirly," "An English Daisy" and 
"The Man from China." He was with Joe Weber for two years 
in "Higgledy Piggledy" and "Twiddle Twaddle," and the season 
of 1906-7 appeared in the "Parisian Model" with Anna Held. He 
then went into vaudeville. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 43 

BINGHAM, Miss Amelia (Mrs. Lloyd Bingham) : 

Actress, was born in Hicksville, Ohio, in 1869, her maiden 
name being Smiley. She was educated at the Ohio Wesleyan 
University. Her first stage appearance was with McKee Rankin 
in a tour of the Pacific Coast. She made her first appearance in 
New York at the People's Theatre, on the Bowery, in a melo- 
drama, "The Struggle of Life." Her next engagement was at 
Niblo's Garden, New York, in "The Power of Gold," another 
melodrama. After playing in "The Village Postmaster," at the 
Fourteenth Street Theatre, and in "Captain Impudence" and re- 
vivals of the Boucicault dramas, at the American Theatre, she 
was engaged by Charles Frohman for his production of "The 
White Heather," at the Academy of Music. She afterward ap- 
peared at the Madison Square Theatre in "On and Off" and "The 
Proper Caper," and at Wallack's in "At the White Horse Tav- 
ern" and "The Cuckoo." She succeeded Jessie Millward as lead- 
ing woman in "His Excellency the Governor" at the Empire 
Theatre. The season of 1899-1900 she appeared in the melo- 
drama "Hearts Are Trumps," played with the George Holland 
Stock Company at the Girard Avenue Theatre, Philadelphia; in 
"Nature" at the Academy of Music, New York; in "The Capitol" 
at the Standard, New York, in 1895, and at the Herald Square^ 
New York, with the Mordaunt and Block Stock Company in 
1898. In 1900 Miss Bingham went to London, and there saw 
women acting in and managing their own companies. She re- 
turned to New York determined to emulate them, organized her 
own company, accepted a play from Clyde Fitch, and on January 
15, 1901, gave the first performance of her stock company at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York, with "The Climbers," she herself be- 
ing in one of the principal roles. The play proved a great suc- 
cess. Since then she has produced a number of plays, chief 
among them being "A Modern Magdalen" and "The Frisky Mrs. 
Johnson." The season of 1907-8 she starred in "A Modern Lady 
Godiva." Miss Bingham's home is at 41 East Thirty-first street, 
New York. 

BISPHAM, David S.: 

Grand opera baritone, was born in Philadelphia on January 
5, 1857. His parents were of Quaker stock. Mr. Bispham's 
father was a well-known lawyer and music lover who played the 
flute, and his son very naturally inherited his taste for music, 
one of the pleasures of his early boyhood days being to accom- 
pany his father's flute on the guitar. On leaving Haverford Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1876 and where he had 
l)een the leader of the Glee Club, David Bispham entered busi- 



44 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ness as a wool merchant. He still studied music, however, and 
as a member of the Orpheus Club and the Oratorio Society be- 
came well known in the amateur musical life of his native city. 
He was also the solo basso and leader of the choir of St. Mark's 
Church. In 1885 he married Miss Caroline Russell, the daugh- 
ter of General Charles Russell and went abroad. He had long 
cherished an ambition to become a' professional singer, and 
when he reached Italy he at once began to fit himself for such 
a career. He studied under Vannuccini in Florence, and the 
elder Lamperti in Milan, meanwhile singing at concerts in Flor- 
ence, Bologna and elsewhere. In 1889 he went to London, where 
for two years he continued concert singing and appeared in 
amateur operatic performances. He made his stage d6but on 
November 3, 1891, at the Royal English Opera, appearing as the 
Due de Longueville in Messager's "Basoche." At the end of 
this engagement he was at once taken into the Covent Garden 
company by the famous impresario, Sir Augustus Harris, un- 
der whom in the summer of 1892 he first appeared as Kurwenal 
in "Tristan und Isolde." He sang at Covent Garden for the next 
ten years, appearing in some twenty-five roles in French, Ger- 
man and Italian opera. In 1897 he was engaged by Maurice 
Grau to sing in New York with the Metropolitan Opera Com- 
pany, which included the De Reszkes, Plane. on, Melba, Eames 
and Schumann-Heinck. Mr. Bispham has won his greatest laurels 
in his native land in Wagnerian roles, his Kurwenal, Telramund 
and Beckmesser especially calling forth the admiration of the 
public and the critics. Of late years he has lived principally 
abroad and devoted himself to concerts and song recitals through- 
out America and England where, on December 12, 1906, he pro- 
duced most successfully in London the romantic opera, "The 
Vicar of Wakefield," the music of which was written by Liza 
Lehmann, Mr. Bispham playing the title role. 

BLAKELEY, James: 

Actor, was born in Hull, England, in 1873, being the son of 
the late William Blakeley, a well-known English comedian for 
many years associated with Sir Charles Wyndham's Criterion 
Theatre, London, where Mr. Blakeley started his stage career 
as call boy in 1889. He afterwards appeared in pantomimes at 
Brighton and Manchester. For some years he was with a com- 
pany appearing on piers and beaches at summer resorts in Eng- 
land, and afterward was with a concert party in the vaudeville 
houses. In 1903 he played Tubby Bedford in "The Schoolgirl" 
at the Prince of Wales Theatre, London. The following season 
he was at Daly's London Theatre in "The Cingalee," and in 1904 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 45 

he first came to this country with "The Schoolgirl." The sea- 
sons of 1906-7-8 he appeared in "The Little Cherub" at the Cri- 
terion Theatre, New York, and on tour. 

BLANEY, Harry Clay: 

Actor, chiefly in melodrama, was born in Columbus, Ohio, 
December, 1874. At the age of ten he had gained a local repu- 
tation as a boy actor, mimic and gymnast, and had appeared at 
many entertainments, his gains from which helped to support 
himself, his mother and his brother, who had been left almost 
penniless at the death of Mr. Blaney at one time a wealth}' mer- 
chant of Cincinnati and Columbus. Harry Blaney always dates 
his career from the Sunday morning on which he entertained 
the prisoners of the Ohio State Penitentiary in the chapel of 
the prison. Thereafter he entertained them frequently and so 
endeared himself to them that on Christmas morning, 1886, they 
gave him a gold watch and forty dollars, this sum becoming his 
first bank account. His first stage engagement was with Elmer 
Vance in "The Limited Mail." For several seasons afterward 
Mr. Blaney played in musical comedies and extravaganzas. 
"Across the Pacific" and "The Boy Behind the Gun," in which 
he has increased his reputation as one of the most popular gal- 
lery favorites, are representative melodramas of the kind he 
plays, most of which have been written by his brother, Charles 
E. Blaney. Harry Blaney married, in November, 1903, Miss 
Kitty Wolfe. His summer home is at Centre Moriches, Lon? 
Island. 

BLATJVELT, Miss Lillian Evans (Mrs. Wm. F. Pendleton) : 
Grand and light opera prima donna, was born in Brooklyn 
March 16, 1873, her ancestors being Welsh and Dutch. She was 
educated at the public schools and began the study of music 
when she was five years old. She played the violin in public at 
the age of seven, and at fifteen years began to study singing at 
the National Conservatory of Music, New York, under Jacques 
Bouhy. While still very young Miss Blauvelt was married to 
Royal Stone Smith, son of Judge Fayette Smith, of Ohio. Mr. 
Smith was a church choir singer, and when M. Bouhy went to 
Europe the Smiths followed, so that Mrs. Smith might continue 
her studies with him in Paris. Miss Blauvelt sang at concerts 
in Paris and Belgium, and later in Moscow where she studied 
under Rubinstein for the lyric stage. She made her first ap- 
pearance in opera in the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels, as 
Mirelle. Returning to this country, Miss Blauvelt sang at con- 
certs under Seidl, Thomas and Damrosch. In 1897 Miss Blau- 



46 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

velt obtained a divorce from her husband. In 1898 she sang 
before Queen Margherita of Italy, and the following year before 
Queen Victoria. In February, 1899, she was married to William 
F. Pendleton, of New York. In 1901 she received the decoration 
of the Order of St. Cecilia at Rome, being the only woman to be 
so honored. In 1902 she sang at Covent Garden, London, mak- 
ing successes as Marguerite, Micsela, Juliet and Zerlina. The 
season of 1905 she went into light opera, appearing as star in 
"The Rose of the Alhambra" under the management of F. C. 
Whitney. Later she was a member of Joseph Weber's company. 
Miss Blauvelt's home is at 632 Kenmore place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BLANCHE, Miss Belle (Blanche Minzesheimer) : 

Actress and mimic, was born in New York June 2, 1891, and 
educated at the public schools in Brooklyn. At the age of ten 
she made her d6but on the stage, appearing at a Sunday night 
concert at the New York Theatre, giving imitations of well- 
known actors and actresses. So successful was she that she 
was engaged the season of 1901-2 for a similar act on the New 
York Theatre roof, at that time known as Cherrie Garden Grove. 
She toured in vaudeville at the close of this engagement for a 
short time, and the seasons of 1902-3-4 appeared in various Shu- 
bert musical comedies, playing leading roles. She left the stage 
for a year for the purpose of training her voice, and devoted 
her time chiefly to drawing-room concerts. On May 13, 1907. 
Miss Blanche made her reappearance in vaudeville at Hammer- 
stein's Victoria Theatre, New York, and again made such a pro- 
nounced hit that she was engaged for the entire summer as a 
feautre on the Victoria Roof Garden. The season of 1907-8 she 
starred in vaudeville giving imitations, the most successful of 
which were those of Anna Held, Geo. M. Cohan and Fritzi Scheff. 
Miss Blanche has sung for Caruso and Ancona, of the Metropoli- 
tan Opera Company, and, acting under their directions, will study 
for grand opera in Europe within a year or so. Miss Blanche has 
been compelled to decline several offers to star in musical com- 
edies, owing to her vaudeville contracts. Her address is 348 Jef- 
ferson avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BLINN, Holbrook: 

Actor, was born in California January 23, 1872, his father be- 
ing Col. Chas. H. Blinn, a veteran of the Civil War and now Spe- 
cial Deputy Surveyor of the Port of San Francisco. His mother 
was Nellie Holbrook, a well-known actress. Mr. Blinn left Leland 
Stanford University in his sophomore year. As a child of six 
he appeared on the stage with Frank Mayo in "The Streets of 




BELLE BLANCHE 



48 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

New York." His first speaking part was Gratiano in "The Mer- 
chant of Venice" at a benefit to R. M. Eberle in San Francisco. 
In 1902 he was engaged by Joseph Grismer to play Corporal 
Ferry in the original production of "The New South" at Stock- 
well's Theatre, San Francisco, and later at the Broadway Thea- 
tre, New York. He remained with the company a year and a 
half, playing various parts and acting as stage manager. He 
afterward took the first dramatic company to Alaska. During 
the illness of Louis James, Mr. Blinn played Marc Antony with 
Frederick Warde at the Baldwin Theatre, San Francisco. In 
August, 1895, he joined Miss Effie Ellsler as leading man. His 
next engagement was with the late Roland Reed for one season, 
then he produced "The Cat and the Cherub" in New York in 
1897, and later in London. After an engagement with Martin 
Harvey he appeared in "Ib and Little Christina" in London, 
which he produced in connection with Basil Hood's "The Great 
Silence," in which he played Rain-in-the-Face. He then ap- 
peared as Ib at the Madison Square Theatre, New York. He 
was next seen in "The Battle of the Strong" and "To Have and 
to Hold" in New York, and in London he played in "Sweet and 
Twenty"; as Jaques in a revival of "As You Like It" and in 
"Scrooge," during the run of which he played before King Ed- 
ward VII and was the first American actor to be presented to 
His Majesty, spending the night at Sandringham, the King's 
residence. Mr. Blinn then played Napoleon in "The Duchess of 
Dantzic." In January, 1907, Mr. Blinn played Jack Marbury in 
"Salomy Jane" at the Liberty Theatre, New York, and then cre- 
ated the part of the Mayor in "The Man of the Hour" at the 
Savoy Theatre, New York. The season of 1907-8 Mr. Blinn was 
with Arnold Daly at the Berkeley Theatre, New York. He mar- 
ried Miss Ruth Benson, an actress and the daughter of Major 
H. McKinley Benson, U. S. Army, in 1896. His address is The 
Lambs, New York. 

BLOCK, Sheridan: 

Actor, was born in Boston, and was graduated from Boston 
University. His first engagement as an actor was with Daniel 
Frohman in the role of Dave Hardy in "Esmeralda." Since then 
he has played many leading parts, such as Colonel Prescott in 
"Held by the Enemy," Count Musso Danella in "Mr. Barnes of 
New York," George Deshamel in "Article 47" with Maud Gran- 
ger, Sartorys in "Frou Frou" and Armand in "Canaille." He 
was jointly featured with Emily Rigl and Joseph Haworth in 
"The Crust of Society" at the Union Square Theatre, New York, 
and appeared with the late E. J. Henley in "Captain Paul" at 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 49 

the opening of the Castle Square Theatre, Boston. He was in 
the original production of "Darkest Russia," and for some time 
played leading parts with the Boston Museum Stock Company. 

BLOCK, Will J.: 

Manager, was born in Springfield, 111., and before becoming 
associated with the theatrical profession was manager of the 
Centropolis Hotel in Kansas City, Mo. He then became advance 
agent for a repertoire company and in 1891 joined Evans and 
Hoey in "The Parlor Match." Two years later he succeeded 
Harry D. Mann as manager of those entertainers. At the dis- 
solution of the firm Mr. Block managed the Herald Square Thea- 
tre, New York, for Mr. Evans, and under his regime Frank Mayo 
scored his hit in "Pudd'nhead Wilson." In 1897 Mr. Block or- 
ganized a stock company, playing the Herald Square and the 
Columbus theatres, New York and Harlem, employing such peo- 
ple as Blanche Walsh, Amelia Bingham, Edwin Arden and Frank 
Mordaunt. He then took May Yokes on tour with "My Friend 
from India" and managed a company playing "The Messenger 
Boy." Beginning 1902 Mr. Block managed the Park Theatre, 
Boston, and after that leased the La Salle Theatre, Chicago. He 
then organized the Will J. Block Amusement Company which 
has successfully exploited "The Land of Nod," "Comin' Thro* 
the Rye," "Told in the Hills" and other productions. 

BLOSSOM, Henry Martyn, Jr. : 

Playwright, was born in St. Louis May 10, 1866, and was 
educated at the Stoddard School. Before taking to literary pur- 
suits Mr. Blossom was in the insurance business. His first con- 
spicuous success was his unique story, "The Documents of Evi- 
dence." His second was the novel "Checkers," which he drama- 
tized and produced with remarkable success under the manage- 
ment of the late Kirke La Shelle. Scarcely less successful was 
Mr. Blossom's book of "The Yankee Consul," a musical comedy 
produced by H. W. Savage, with Raymond Hitchcock in the prin- 
cipal part. He is also the author of "Mile. Modiste," Miss Fritzi 
Scheff's successful comic opera, and "The Red Mill," in which 
C. B. Dillingham starred Montgomery and Stone in the 1906-7-8 
seasons. Mr. Blossom is a member of The Lambs and The Play- 
ers. His New York address is 23 West Thirtieth street. 

BOGART, Andrew: 

Actor, was born in San Francisco, Cal., September 20, 1874, 
and was educated in his native city and in Europe. He was a 
concert singer before going on the stage, and made his first 



50 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

appearance at the Tivoli Opera House, San Francisco, in May, 
1904, as Lopez in "The Serenade." The season of 1905-6 he was* 
seen as Edgar Verney in "The Schoolgirl" in London, and as 
Gaston Regault in "The Little Michus." The season of 1906-7 
he appeared as Pedrillo in "The Girl and the Governor." Mr. 
Bogart married Miss Lorene M. Hiller November 2, 1904. He 
is a member of the B. P. O. Elks No. 3. His address is 350 
Buchanan street, San Francisco, Cal. His summer home is at 
Lynnfield, Essex County, Mass. 

BOND, Frederick: 

Actor, was born in New York September 12, 1861, and 
began his career as a call boy at Wallack's old theatre, 
Thirteenth street and Broadway, New York, in 1878. He 
afterward occupied a similar place with the stock company at 
Abbey's Park Theatre. After a time he was intrusted with util- 
ity parts and after a season or two of barnstorming he joined 
Sol Smith Russell's company, playing the role of the Tramp in 
"Edgeworth Folks." It was during an engagement in San Fran- 
cisco with this play in 1884 that Mr. Bond attracted the at- 
tention of the late Augustin Daly, who engaged him for his 
stock company, with which Mr. Bond remained seven years. In 
1891 Mr. Bond created the part of Henry Dickerson in "Mr. Wil- 
kinson's Widows," and he was also seen later in "Thermidor," 
"Men and Women," "Gloriana," and "Aristocracy." The season 
of 1904-5 he was with Miss Marie Jansen in "Miss Dynamite," 
and succeeding seasons was seen in "The Great Diamond Rob- 
bery," "My Friend from India," "The Old Coat," and "The 
Cuckoo." For more than two seasons he played in "At the 
White Horse Tavern," then was with the Proctor Stock Com- 
pany for three years. He then went into vaudeville, following 
this by appearances in "The Social Whirl," and "Fascinating 
Flora" at the Casino Theatre, New York, The season of 1907-S 
he played "Handkerchief No. 15" in vaudeville. 

BONITA (Miss Pauline L. Des Landes) : 

Actress, singer and dancer, was born in Mennan, Ga., De- 
cember 2, 1886. Her sister is known on the stage as Miss Artie 
Hall. She was educated in Atlanta, Ga., and when she was only 
twelve years old she made her first appearance on the stage, 
doing a dancing specialty at a vaudeville house in St. Louis. 
Making her first conspicuous success at Koster and Bial's, New 
York, she continued to appear in vaudeville until January 7, 
1901, when she joined Mortimer M. Theise's "Wine, Woman and 
Song" company, a well-known organization playing burlesques. 




BONITA 



62 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

For four seasons Bonita was featured, and the season of 1905-6 
Mr. Theise made her a star. She appeared with the company 
at the New Circle Theatre, New York, October 22, 1906, being the 
first attraction at that theatre, and achieved such notable suc- 
cess that she continued to play there until July of the following 
year. In addition to playing Genevieve de Astorbilt and the 
Gibson Girl in the satire, "Going into Vaudeville," she imper- 
sonated Miss Lillian Russell and also took the star part in the 
musical farce, "Millinery Maids." The summer of 1907 she 
signed a contract to remain as a star under the management of 
Mr. Theise for five years. 

BOOTH, Miss Hope (Mrs. Rennold Wolf) : 

Actress, was born in Toronto, Can., in 1872, being the daugh- 
ter of Dr. W. Beresford Hope, M.P. She was educated at the Con- 
vent of the Sacred Heart, Montreal, and made her first appear- 
ance as Little Miss Cute at the Royalty Theatre, London, under 
her own management when she was only eighteen years old. She 
also played in "That Terrible Girl," and then appeared in this 
country under Blaney's management. Going into vaudeville she 
toured this country and Europe for several years. She made her 
most pronounced success in a one-act play by George M. Cohan, 
entitled "The Little Blonde Lady," playing this two seasons un- 
der the management of Klaw and Erlanger. Miss Booth is the 
wife of Rennold Wolf, a well-known New York newspaper man. 
She is a member of the Actors' Society of America, the Actors' 
Church Alliance, Professional Woman's League, and the Twelfth 
Night Club. Her home is 342 West Fifty-sixth street, New York 
City, and her summer home is Little Blonde Lady Island, Ganau- 
aqua, Canada. 

BOUCICAULT, Aubrey: 

Actor, was born in London June 23, 1868, being the second 
son of the late Dion Boucicault. He made his first appearance 
on the stage at Toole's Theatre, London, in 1888, and the follow- 
ing year was at the Criterion Theatre under the management of 
Charles Wyndham, where he played in the original production 
of "Betsy." He was in the cast of "Caprice" at the Globe Thea- 
tre in 1889 and in a revival of Bronson Howard's "Truth" at 
the Criterion in 1890. The same year he came to this country 
and made his first New York appearance in "The English Rose" 
at Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre. Several engagements 
in comedy parts followed the one which attracted the most at- 
tention being that in support of Miss Canaille D'Arville in Stange 
and Edwards's "Madeline; or, The Magic Kiss." Mr. Boucicault 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 53 

has also starred in the parts played by his father in his own 
famous Irish plays, and supported Otis Skinner in "Francesca 
Dit Rimini." The season of 1905-6 Mr. Boucicault appeared in 
"The Prodigal Son," "The Vanderbilt Cup," and "Arms and the 
Man," in which he played Major Sergius Saranoff with Arnold 
Daly at the Lyric Theatre, New York. The season of 1906-7 he 
starred in "The Greater Love," and then appeared with Joseph 
and William W. Jefferson in "Playing the Game." He has since 
been seen in vaudeville in Byron Ongley's one-act sketch, "She 
Loves Me, She Loves Me Not." Soon after his arrival in Amer- 
ica Mr. Boucicault married Miss Amy Busby, an actress, from 
whom he was divorced in 1895. He married Miss Ruth Holt, an 
actress, early in 1907. 

BOWLEY, Miss Flora Juliet: 

Actress, was born in San Francisco. She is a sister of Cap- 
tain Bowley, of the United States Army, who is now an inspector 
at West Point. Miss Bowley was educated at Smith College, 
Northampton, Mass., and there her elocutionary work attracted 
the attention of James K. Hackett, who gave her her first pro- 
fessional engagement to speak a few lines in "The Fortunes of 
the King." She also understudied Mary Mannering, and even- 
tually succeeded to the leading woman's part. The season of 
1905-6 Miss Bowley played Kate Roberts in the No. 2 "The Lion 
and the Mouse" company so successfully that in the fall of 1906 
she was selected to v play Shirley Rossmore, the leading woman's 
part, succeeding Grace Elliston in the New York company at the 
Lyceum Theatre. The season of 1907-8 she played Sylvia Ran- 
dolph in "Classmates" at the Hudson Theatre, New York. 

BRADY, W. A.: 

Manager was born in San Francisco in 1865. His father 
was Terence A. Brady, who in 1869 joined the editorial staff of 
the New York Herald. Finding himself penniless in Omaha in 
1882, after his father's death, Mr. Brady became a Southern 
Pacific Railroad train boy. While in San Francisco one day he 
went to the California Theatre and, telling Bartley Campbell 
that he was an actor, got a place in "The White Slave." Max 
Freeman, the stage manager, recognized him as the train boy 
and discharged him as an actor, to hire him as a call boy at 
seven dollars a week. Two weeks later Brady on the illness of 
William H. Thompson, took his place as Natchez Jim in the 
play. Brady sent out his first company -in 1888 in a repertoire 
of fifteen plays, some pirated, including "She," dramatized from 
the novel by Brady himself. He bought "After Dark" from Dion 



54 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Boucicault in 1890 and starred in it as Old Tom. Then he put 
James J. Corbett in the cast before the latter wrested the prize 
ring championship from John L. Sullivan. He produced "The 
Cotton King," "Humanity," and "Old Glory," and obtained the 
rights to "Trilby" outside of New York and Chicago, and sent 
it to Australia. He also produced "Nero" with Wilton Lackaye 
at this time. He leased the Standard Theatre, New York, in 
1896, called it the Manhattan and produced there "The Turtle," 
"Mile. Fifi," "The Manicure," "The Weather Hen," "Women and 
Wine," and " 'Way Down East." In 1899 he married Grace 
George, an actress. In 1901 he made an all-star revival of 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" at the Academy of Music, New York, with 
Wilton Lackaye, Mrs. Annie Yeamans and John E. Kellard in 
the company. The same year he produced Clyde Fitch's "Lov- 
ers' Lane" at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, and "Foxy 
Grandpa," which ran three years. He helped stage an all-star 
revival of "The Two Orphans" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, 
New York, in 1904, with Miss George as Louise, and staged an 
original-cast revival of "Trilby" at the same theatre in 1905. 
In 1903 he starred Wilton Lackaye in a dramatization of Frank 
Norris's novel, "The Pit," and in 1904 he produced the first 
American performance of Ibsen's "Pillars of Society" in New 
York with Wilton Lackaye as the star. In 1901 he also pro- 
duced H. A. Du Souchet's "Betsy Ross" in Philadelphia. Wil- 
ton Lackaye's "The Law and the Man," from Victor Hugo's "Les 
Miserables," and Rupert Hughes's "The Richest Girl in the 
World" were two of his productions in 1906. He assumed the 
management of Robert Mantell in 1905. He produced the Rev. 
John Snyder's "As Ye Sow" in Boston in 1905. Mr. Brady's ac- 
tivities are not limited to the theatre. He has been one of the 
chief figures in the development of the new Coney Island, has 
been the promoter of many big sporting events at Madison 
Square Garden and has managed many champion pugilists. 

BEATTON, John Walter: 

Composer, was born in Wilmington, Del., January 21, 1867, 
being the son of John F. and Emma Bratton. He was educated 
at the public schools of Wilmington, and then became a student 
at the Philadelphia College of Music. Mr. Bratton has supplied 
the music to several musical comedies, including "The Man from 
China," book by Paul West, which was produced in Chicago in 
1904 and had a run at the Majestic Theatre, New York. He has 
also more than two hundred popular songs to his credit, the 
best known of which are "The Sunshine of Paradise Alley," 
"Henrietta, Have You Met Her?" "The Same Old Way," "Isa- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 55 

bella," and "In a Cozy Corner." Mr. Bratton married Miss 
Dorothy Zimmerman, an actress, in 1907. His home is at 103 
West Fifty-fourth street, New York. He is a member of the 
Green Room Club of New York. 

BKEESE, Edmund: 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn June 18, 1870. He made his first 
stage appearance as the leading man of a repertoire company in 
the West in 1892. In 1896 he was engaged by Madame Rhea to 
play the heavy parts in the romantic dramas in which she 
made so many successful tours and soon became her leading 
man. While in her company he played the roles of Napoleon 
in "Josephine," Lord Lester in "Mary Stuart," Sartorys in "Frou 
Frou," Benedick in "Much Ado About Nothing," Chysos in 
"Pygmalion and Galatea," and Shylock in "The Merchant of 
Venice." In 1898 he joined James O'Neill's company, supporting 
him in such roles as Albert and Nortier in "The Count of Monte 
Cristo/' Appius in "Virginus," and Grebauval in "When Greek 
Meets Greek." He was next engaged by Liebler & Co. to play 
Rochefort in "The Three Musketeers," in which he earned hearts 1 " 
commendation. In 1906 he made one of the chief successes of 
his career as John Burkett Ryder in Charles Klein's "The Lion 
and the Mouse," which ran more than three hundred nights at 
the Lyceum Theatre, and was taken to London, where it failed. 
Mr. Breese also appeared in "Strongheart" at the Aldwych Thea- 
tre, London, and in June, 1907, returned to play in "The Lion 
and the Mouse" at the Hudson Theatre, New York, and on tour. 

BRIAN, Donald: 

Actor and singer, was born in St. Johns, Newfoundland, be- 
ing the son of the late D. F. Brian, formerly superintendent of 
the Street and Bridge Department of St. Johns. He made his 
first stage appearance at the age of five at a benefit given by 
the Irish Society of St. Johns, held in St. Patrick's Hall in that 
city, singing several songs. Upon the death of his father he 
went to Boston, Mass., and entered Boston College, subsequently 
joining the Old Ivy Glee Club, a musical society of that school. 
He toured with the Glee Club in "Shannon of the Sixth," be- 
came stranded in Michigan and, to secure money for fare to 
New York, was forced to join a medicine show, with a salary of 
five dollars a week and board. In three months he was able to 
return to New York, where he appeared in "The Wabash" with 
Joseph Arthur. The year following he played the role of the 
Bully in "The New Boy" with Bert Coote, and then in "The 
Battle-scarred Hero." For a season he toured with "The Man 



56 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

from Mexico," and then became a member of the Giffen Stock 
Company in Richmond, Va. He sang the baritone parts in road 
companies of "The Belle of Broadway," "The Chaperones," etc., 
and later was Captain Donagal in "Florodora" on the New York 
Theatre roof. Subsequently he succeeded Cyril Scott in the 
original "Florodora" company, and in "The Silver Slipper." Fol- 
lowing a season in "Myles Aroon," on the Keith and Proctor cir- 
cuit, he created the role of Tom Bennett in "Forty-five Minutes 
from Broadway." In 1907 he was leading man in George Cohan's 
"Fifty Miles from Boston." The season of 1907-8 he appeared as 
Prince Danilo in "The Merry Widow" at the New Amsterdam 
Theatre, New York. 

BBJTTON, Miss Lilian (Mrs. Jefferson Egan) : 

Grand opera soprano, was born in New York being the only 
daughter of the late Major John Britton a veteran of the Civil 
War: She received a thorough musical education her voice being 
developed by competent masters at an early age. Like many 
leading American singers, her first work was in a church choir. 
As a very young girl she sang at St. Thomas's Episcopal Church, 
then went to St. Patrick's Cathedral, Fifth avenue, New York. 
After considerable experience in oratorios, after a course in the 
American School of Opera, for practical stage training she be- 
came associated with several light opera organizations. The sea- 
son of 1903-4 she was with Fritzi Scheff in "Babette," the follow- 
ing season with Madame Schumann-Heink in "Love's Lottery," 
and the season of 1905-6 with Lulu Glaser in "Dolly Dollars.'' 
She then played the parts of the late Caroline Miskell Hoyt in 
the Hoyt comedies. Early in 1907 when the National Opera 
Company, composed of Italian and American singers, was organ- 
ized by Signer C. De Macchi to invade Italy she was engaged 
for Santuzza, Aida and similar parts. The season of 1907-8 
Miss Britton was prima donna at the Teatro Nazionale in Rome, 
Italy, singing all the leading Italian roles and perfecting her 
study of Wagnerian characters. Miss Britton is the wife of 
Jefferson Egan, the lyric tenor singer. 

BROWNE, Walter: 

Actor, singer, and playwright, was born in Hull, Yorkshire, 
England, May 7, 1856, being the only son of the late Dr. George 
Browne, who was twice Lord Mayor of York. He was graduated 
from St. Peter's College and took the degree of L.D.S., Royal 
College of Physicians. As an amateur Mr. Browne founded the 
York Garrick Club. He studied music in London and in Italy, 
and for some time toured England giving pianoforte and vocal 




LILIAN BRITTON 



58 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

recitals. He made his first professional appearance on the stage 
at the Opera Comique, London, early in 1881, creating the part 
of the Colonel in Gilbert and Sullivan's opera, "Patience," which 
he continued to play throughout the run at the Savoy Theatre, 
London. He also played Strephon in "lolanthe" at the Savoy 
Theatre. He sang many of the principal baritone parts during 
seasons of grand opera at Covent Garden Theatre and the Crys- 
tal Palace. Meantime Mr. Browne did much magazine and dra- 
matic writing. He was one of the founders of The Yorshireman, 
a weekly satirical paper, and for three years was dramatic 
critic of the London Evening Echo. In 1883 Mr. Browne created 
the principal role in "Gilette de Narbonne," Audran's opera, 
with Miss Kate Santley at the Royalty Theatre, London. He then 
joined the company of Mr. and Mrs. German Reed's entertain- 
ment, appearing with it at St. George's Hall, London, for four 
consecutive years, during which he wrote several of the musi- 
cal plays produced there. Mr. Browne's first play, "Hearts and 
Homes," was produced at the Theatre Royal, York, England, in 
1879. The same year Remington & Co., of London, published a 
volume of poems by Mr. Browne. He is the author of "A King 
of Shreds and Patches," produced at the Theatre Royal, Mar- 
gate, in 1880; "Ripples," Theatre Royal, York, 1880; "The 
Miser's Bride," produced in 1880; "A Love Game," played over 
nine hundred times at Toole's Theatre, London; "A Wet Day," 
produced at the Vaudeville Theatre in 1884, and played at the 
Gaiety Theatre, London, three hundred and thirty-eight times; 
"Fits and Starts," and "Blue Ribbons," both produced at the 
Gaiety, London; "Clarice," produced by Lewis Waller at the 
Strand Theatre, 1885; "Wedded," Imperial Theatre, London, 
1886; "Helter Skelter," Theatre Royal, Sheffield, 1887; "Once 
Again," Court Theatre, 1888; "The Bo'sun's Mate," "In Posses- 
sion," and "Mates," all produced at St. George's Hall; "Hearts," 
produced by Miss Maude Branscombe, 1889; "Photographic Fun," 
and many other plays produced in London and the English 
provinces. He also wrote "The Next Day," produced in this 
country by Harry Lacy. He compiled and edited "The Dramatic 
and Musical Directory of the United Kingdom," published in 
London, and "Who's Who on the Stage," published in this coun- 
try. He is the author of two novels, "Joe Buskin, Comedian," 
published in London, and "The Fossil Man," published by Dil- 
lingham, New York. In 1889 Mr. Browne went to South Amer- 
ica as principal baritone of the first English opera company to 
visit Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. Returning to London he 
appeared in a vaudeville sketch of his own at all the leading 
music halls, then went to South Africa, where he was for some 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 53 

time a member of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. There 
he organized the Standard Opera Company and played all the 
principal cities. From Africa he came to this country, making 
his first appearance as Grosvenor in "Patience" with Harry 
Dixey at Palmer's Theatre, New York, September, 1892. He 
played in a round of operas there, then became leading baritone 
with Miss Marie Tempest in De Koven's "The Algerian" at 
Daly's Theatre, New York, and on tour. In 1894 Mr. Browne 
joined the editorial staff of the New York World, and has since 
been known as a newspaper man and writer of short stories, and 
on dramatic subjects. Mr. Browne married in 1878 Ellen Phillis 
Wilberforce, of York, England. A divorce followed, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1896, he married Miss Clarissa Elizabeth Thorne, of Long 
Branch, N. J. 

BUCKLEY, Miss Annie: 

Actress, was born in New York City, being the daughter of 
the late E. J. Buckley who, for a number of years, supported 
Mary Anderson. Miss Buckley made her first stage appearance 
in the middle 90's as Phyllis in "The Lady Slavey" and then 
joined E. E. Rice's company, playing the part of Ruth in "The 
Girl from Paris," after which she was seen as Louisa Jupp in 
the revival of "The Great Ruby." The season of 1900-1 Miss 
Buckley was engaged for the American Theatre Stock Company, 
and the one following she went on the road with "At Cripple 
Creek." The season of 1902-3 she appeared with the Harry 
Davis Stock Company in Pittsburg, Pa., then supported Miss 
Marie Cahill in "Nancy Brown." She was seen in George Ade's 
"The County Chairman," remaining with that play three years, 
and during the season of 1906-7 she played the role of Flourette 
in "Marrying Mary," also with Miss Cahill. 

BUCKLEY, Miss May: 

Actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., on December 15, 
1880, while her parents were visiting in that city. Her mother, 
who died at her daughter's birth, was of English and her father 
oi' German descent. Miss Buckley spent her childhood in New 
York, where she received her education. Her first appearance 
on the stage was as a child in "May Blossom" in San Fran- 
cisco prior to her coming to New York. The late Dion Bouci- 
cault, who was a friend of Miss Buckley's father, was instru- 
mental in getting for her her first engagement on the profes- 
sional stage. After playing in Booth and Barrett's company for 
two years Miss Buckley appeared in "The Burglar" and then 
joined the stock company of the Alcazar Theatre, San Francisco. 



60 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

She there, in 1897, so impressed David Belasco by her playing 
of the leading role in "The First Born" that he bought the play 
and engaged Miss Buckley to star in it in New York. Roles in 
support of John Drew and Annie Russell, parts in "On and Off," 
"Hearts Are Trumps," "Caleb West," "The Price of Peace," and 
engagements with James O'Neill, "A Japanese Nightingale" com- 
pany, Wright Lorimer's "The Shepherd King" company, and; 
William Collier's "On the Quiet" company occupied the ensuing 
seasons until the fall of 1905 when Miss Buckley went to Lon- 
don. In the season of 1906 she played with Raymond Hitch- 
cock in "The Galloper" until the summer when she went to- 
Denver, Colo., to fill a stock engagement at Blitch's Gardens. 
The season of 1907-8 she was seen as Rosalie in "The Right of 
Way," produced at Wallack's Theatre, New York, November 3. 
1907. Her home in New York is at 2 West Thirty-ninth street. 

BTJCKSTONE, Rowland: 

Actor, was born in Sydenham, near London, England, in 
1861, being a son of the late John Baldwin Buckstone, for thirty 
years lessee and manager of the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, 
London, one of the most prolific dramatic authors and consid- 
ered the most popular comedian of the Victorian era. As an 
amateur Rowland Buckstone made his first appearance at the- 
age of nine as Anna Maria, a maid-servant, in the farce, "Ici 
on Parle Frangaise." His first professional appearance was with, 
his father in the latter's farewell of the English provinces in- 
1877, he playing character parts in the old comedies. He after- 
ward was with the Chippendales from 1878 to 1880, playing Tony- 
Lumpkin, Bob Acres, Henry Dove, Benjamin Bunter, Cousin Joe,. 
Toby Twinkle, and Sir Benjamin Backbite. His first appearance 
in London was in the melodrama, "The New Babylon," at the 
Duke's Theatre, which was destroyed by fire at the height of 
the drama's successful run. After a season at Sadler's Wells. 
Theatre with the late Mrs. Bateman, appearing as Dibbles in 
his father's drama, "The Good for Nothing"; Box in "Box and 
Cox," Peter in "Romeo and Juliet," etc., he went to the old 
Prince of Wales's Theatre, and for two consecutive years, from, 
1880 to 1882, played Basil Girgione in "The Colonel" without 
being once out of the cast. This was considered a record at 
that time. Mr. Buckstone then supported Fanny Davenport in. 
"Pique," the late Dion Boucicault in "The Colleen Bawn," and. 
Mary Anderson, appearing with her in "Pygmalion and Gala- 
tea," "Ingomar," "The Lady of Lyons," and "Comedy and 
Tragedy." His next appearance was as Knickerbocker with the* 
late Fred Leslie in the comic opera, "Rip Van Winkle." He then,. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 61 

with his sister Lucy, produced "She Stoops to Conquer." Mr. 
Buckstone came to America in 1884, appearing as Amminabad 
Streyke in "The Colonel" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New 
York. He then made a long tour under the management of 
Charles Frohman, playing principal comedy parts in "Lady 
Clare," "Victor Durand," "The World," "The Two Orphans," 
and "Esmeralda." Returning to New York, Mr. Buckstone ap- 
peared in "The Enchantress," and with the McKee Rankin Stock 
.Company. In 1887 he supported Clara Morris, and the same 
year appeared with Helen Dauvray as Anatole in a revival of 
"The Scrap of Paper." Mr. Buckstone joined E. H. Sothern in 
1887, and has been with him ever since, a period of nineteen 
years, which is probably the longest engagement on record. 
He created the parts of Col. Sapt in "The Prisoner of Zenda," 
Col. Jack Dexter in "The Master of Woodbarrow," Tommy Tucker 
in "Lord Chumley," Daniel Graham in "The Trap to Win a 
Woman," 101 in " 'Change Alley," Jorkins in "Captain Lettar- 
blair," the Mikelmann in "The Sunken Bell," the Executioner 
in "The Proud Prince," Guy Lambert in "If I Were King," La- 
porte in "The Song of the Sword," and Michael Kelly in "Sheri- 
dan." In the Sothern-Marlowe company Mr. Buckstone plays 
Dogberry, Sir Toby Belch, Launcelot Gobbo, Peter, the First 
Gravedigger and other Shakespearian comedy parts. Mr. Buck- 
stcne is a member of The Players. 

BURGESS, Neil: 

Actor, was born in Boston, Mass., June 29, 1846. He was 
educated in the public school at Cambridge, Mass., and made 
his first appearance on the stage in 1865 with Spalding's Bell 
Ringers, a series of vaudeville acts, in which he played a minor 
part. He was forced one evening to assume a female part, ow- 
ing to the illness of one of the company. He made a hit and 
has been a delineator of female characters ever since. His first 
marked success in this line was in "Vim," in which he appeared 
as Betsy Puffy. Then followed "The Widow Bedott," which 
served him for over ten years. Mr. Burgess afterward pro- 
duced his famous "The County Fair," in which he played Abigail 
Prue. He has also been seen in "The Year One," and "The Odd 
Miss Podd." Mr. Burgess has temporarily retired from the 
stage. 

BURKE, Miss Billie (Ethel Burke) : 

Actress, was born in Washington, D. C., August 7, 1886, her 
father and mother, William E. and Blanche Burke, having been 
on the stage. She was educated in France, where she studied 



62 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

singing and languages. She first attracted attention while sing- 
ing at the Pavilion, London, England. Her first appearance on 
the legitimate stage was in the pantomime, "Beauty and the 
Beast," at Glasgow, Scotland. After a season or two in the Eng- 
lish provinces she was engaged by George Edwardes for the 
part of Mamie Rockefeller in "The Schoolgirl." During this 
engagement she became popular by her singing of "My Little 
Canoe." She played Lizette in "The Duchess of Dantzic" at the 
Lyric Theatre, London, and Renee in the touring company. In 
the season of 1905 she appeared in "The Blue Moon" at the Lyric 
Theatre, London. After that she was seen in a revue at the 
Coliseum, London, and then went back to vaudeville. The sea- 
son of 1906 she played the title role in "The Belle of Mayfair" 
in London, and at Easter appeared as leading woman to Charles 
Hawtrey in "Mr. George" at the Vaudeville Theatre, London. 
At the same theatre she played Stella, the principal part in 
"Mrs. Ponderbury's Past," making such a success that she was 
engaged by Charles Frohman for the part of Beatrice Dupre, 
the leading role in "My Wife," opening with John Drew at the 
Empire Theatre, New York, September 7, 1907. Miss Burke's 
principal hobbies are automobiling and horseback riding. Her 
home is at 34 Queen's road, London, N. W. 

BURNETT, Mrs. Frances Hodgson (Mrs. Stephen Town- 
send) : 

Playwright, was born Frances Eliza Hodgson at Manches- 
ter, England, November 24, 1849. When she was sixteen years 
old her family came to the United States and settled in Knox- 
ville, Tenn. Two years later, in 1867, she began writing for 
magazines. Miss Hodgson was married to Dr. L. M. Burnett 
in 1873, and they made their home in Washington, D. C., in 
1875. In 1898 Mrs. Burnett obtained a divorce and in 1900 she 
married Stephen Townsend, an English author. Mrs. Burnett's 
first novel was "That Lass o' Lowrie's," published in 1877. The 
same year she produced "Dolly, a Love Story," "Kathleen," and 
"Surly Tim." "Haworth's" was published in 1879, "Louisiana" 
in 1880, "A Fair Barbarian" in 1881, "Little Lord Fauntleroy" 
in 1886, and "Editha's Burglar" in 1888. Her most popular 
plays have been "Little Lord Fauntleroy," "The Showman's 
Daughter," "Esmeralda," "The First Gentleman of Europe," 
"Editha's Burglar," "Nixie," and "A Lady of Quality," written 
in collaboration with Mr. Townsend. Some of Mrs. Burnett's 
most recent novels are "In Connection with the Willoughby 
Claim," 1899; "The Making of a Marchioness," 1901, and "The 
Little Unfairy Princess," 1902. She is the editor of The Chil- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 63 

dren's Magazine. Her address in this country is 1770 Massachu- 
setts avenue, Washington, D. C. Her home in England is May- 
tham Hall, Rolvenden, Kent. 

BURROUGHS, Miss Marie (Mrs. R. B. Macpherson) : 

Actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., in 1866, her maiden 
name being Lillie Arrington. When only seventeen years old 
Miss Arrington had won success in readings and recitals at 
private gatherings in San Francisco, and at one of these Law- 
rence Barrett was so impressed with her ability that he tele- 
graphed A. M. Palmer and obtained an engagement for the girl 
in "The Rajah," which was being played at the Madison Square 
Theatre, New York. On the arrival of Miss Burroughs the leading 
woman having been taken suddenly ill, the novice was entrusted 
with the part of Gladys and thus, in 1884, Miss Burroughs made 
her first appearance on the stage in an important emotional role. 
Her next part was Irma in "Alpine Roses." After that she was 
entrusted with leading parts in "Hazel Kirke," "Esmeralda," 
"After the Ball," and "Mrs. Winthrop." While in New Orleans 
Miss Burroughs played Zicka in "Diplomacy" with Wallack's 
company at forty-eight hours' notice. Miss Burroughs then 
played Pauline March in "Called Back" with Robert Mantell in 
New York, and with A. M. Palmer's company at the Madison 
Square Theatre created the part of Queen Guinevere in "Elaine" 
with Alexander Salvini. She also played Lettie in "Saints and 
Sinners" during this engagement. Miss Burroughs went to 
London in 1890 and was engaged to support E. S. Willard on 
his American tour, opening in "The Middleman" as Mary Blen- 
karn. Miss Burroughs subsequently supported Mr. Willard sev- 
eral seasons, playing Vashti Dethic in "Judah," Edith Ruddock 
in "Wealth," Kate Norbury in "John Needham's Double," Lucy 
in "The Professor's Love Story," and Ophelia in "Hamlet." In 
1890 Miss Burroughs became the wife of Louis F. Massen. In 
1894 she starred in Pinero's "The Profligate" and produced "Ro- 
meo and Juliet," and "Leah." In 1899 she appeared with Stuart 
Robson in "The Meddler," and she was also his leading woman 
in "The Gadfly." She also starred in "The Battle of the Strong" 
in 1901. In 1901 Miss Burroughs was married to Robert Bar- 
clay Macpherson of New York. Her home is at 261 West Ninety- 
third street, New York. 

BURT, Miss Laura (Mrs. Henry Stanford) : 

Actress, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, near England, 
in 1882. Her father, Captain Brown Burt, was an Englishman, 
born in Bristol, and her mother, Ann Lloyd Burt, was Welsh, 



4 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

having been born in Carnarvon. Miss Burt's first pronounced 
success in this country was in the part of June in Paul Arthur's 
play, "Blue Jeans." She then appeared as Madge in "In Old 
Kentucky," a part which she played several seasons through- 
out the United States and Canada, and also for a season in 
England. On March 2, 1902, Miss Burt became the wife of Henry 
Stanford an actor in Sir Henry Irving's company. The marriage 
took place in New York, and Miss Burt, joining Sir Henry's 
company, played Helen of Swabia in "Dante" throughout the 
run at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, and during the last 
tour of the famous English actor in this country. Among many 
parts played by Miss Burt she has made her most pronounced 
successes as Dolores in "In the Palace of the King," as Glory 
Quayle in "The Christian," as Juliet, as Portia in "The Mer- 
chant of Venice," as Rosalind in "As You Like It," and as 
Camille. The season of 1906-7 Miss Burt, jointly with her hus- 
band, starred in "Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall" under the 
management of Ernest Shipman. She starred in "The Walls of 
Jericho" the season of 1907-8. Miss Burt's address is 301 St. 
Nicholas avenue, New York. She is a life member of the Pro- 
fessional Woman's League. 

BTTRT, Miss Harriet: 

Actress, was born in Troy, N. Y., October 15, 1885, her 
parents being William J. and Marguerite Welsh. She was edu- 
cated at the public schools of Troy and made her first appear- 
ance on the stage as a show girl in "The Jewel of Asia" at the 
Criterion Theatre, New York, in 1903. After six weeks in that 
company she was chosen to create the part of the New York 
Girl in "The Prince of Pilsen," which she played for six months. 
After a time with George Lederer's "Jersey Lily," Miss Burt 
played the title role in "Louisiana" for six months. She was 
then seen in "All Round Chicago in Eighty Minutes." The sea- 
son of 1905-6 she was with "The Gingerbread Man" company. 
The following season she was with Lew Fields in "It Happened 
in Nordland," taking the part originally played by Miss Helen 
Bertram. After six months in this company she joined "His 
Honor the Mayor" company, playing the part created by Miss 
Blanche Ring the season of 1906-7. The early part of 1907 she 
created the parts of Mrs. Telcott in "The Time, The Place and 
The Girl," playing it throughout a long run in Chicago; four 
weeks, commencing August 4, at Wallack's Theatre, New York, 
and the balance of the season of 1907-8 on tour. Miss Burt's 
favorite recreations are motoring and all outdoor sports. Her 




HARRIET BURT 



66 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

permanent address is Troy, N. Y. Her summer home is at 
Saratoga, N. Y. 

BUTLER, Miss Alice (Mrs. Charles W. Butler) : 

Actress, was born in London, England, November 4, 1868, 
being the daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Augarde and the 
sister of Amy and Adrienne Augarde, well-known English ac- 
tresses. She made her first appearance with the Vokes com- 
pany in September, 1891, and for successive seasons was with 
Richard Mansfield in second leading roles; the Pittsburg Stock 
Company; Mrs. Patrick Campbell, playing Afrida in "The Sor- 
ceress"; with Mme. Kalich playing Countess Olga in "Fedora": 
Miss Crosman in "Mary, Mary Quite Contrary," and Miss Man- 
nering in "Glorious Betsy." The spring of 1907 she was in 
stock company at the Belasco Theatre, Washington, D. C., play- 
ing the Duchess of Strood in "The Gay Lord Quex." She was 
married to Charles W. Butler in 1893. Miss Butler's favorite 
recreation is music. Her home is at 2731 Broadway, New York 
City. 

BUTLER, Fred. J. (Alfred Joline Butler) : 

Actor, was born in San Francisco October 22, 1867, and 
was gi'aduated from the University of California. He made his 
first appearance at Oakland, Cal., January 3, 1887, in "A Cele- 
brated Case." The following year he appeared with William 
Gillette in "Held by the Enemy." For several seasons he was 
character actor with James O'Neill, and then became a mem- 
ber of David Hunt's stock company in Cincinnati. In 1901 he 
became stage director of the stock company at the Grand Opera 
House, San Francisco, and two years later took a similar posi- 
tion with Belasco and Mayer's Alcazar Stock. Mr. Butler mar- 
ried Miss Adele Belgarde, an actress. 

BYRNE, Francis: 

Actor, was born in Newport, R. I., August 3, 1875, and made 
his first stage appearance with Modjeska, playing such roles as 
Gaston in "Camille," Sebastian in "The Twelfth Night," Lucio 
in "Measure for Measure," etc. He then joined Daniel Frawley's 
stock company in San Francisco as leading juvenile. The sea- 
son of 1901-2 he appeared with Ethel Barrymore in "Captain 
Jinks," and that of 1902-3 in "Sky Farm." The seasons of 
1903-4-5 he was seen with Maude Adams in "The Pretty Sister 
of Jos6," and as the Reporter in "The Other Girl." The season 
of 1905-6 he was a member of the Empire Stock Company, Bos- 
ton, Mass. He appeared as Dick Crawford in "The Chorus Lady" 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 67 

with Rose Stahl at the Savoy Theatre, New York, September 1, 
1906, and played the same part the seasons of 1906-7-8. 

BYRON, Arthur William: 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn April 3, 1872, being the son of 
Oliver, a well-known actor, and Mary Kate (Crehan) Byron, 
and a nephew of Ada Rehan, the well-known actress. He was 
educated at St. Paul s School, Garden City, Long Island, and 
made his first appearance as an actor November 24, 1889. After 
a long and varied experience in stock and other companies, Mr. 
Byron gradually climbed the ladder until, as leading man, he 
became associated with the companies of John Drew, Mary Man- 
nering, Amelia Bingham, Sol Smith Russell, Maxine Elliott and 
Maude Adams. The season of 1905-6 Mr. Byron played John 
Burkett Ryder in the Western "The Lion and the Mouse" com- 
pany, impersonating throughout a long run in Chicago the char- 
acter created by Edmund Breese in New York a part in which 
Oliver Byron replaced his son in the fall season of 1906. On 
Septemb 26, 1907, he appeared as Mind in "The Struggle Ever- 
lasting" at the Hackett Theatre, New York. The balance of the 
season of 1907-8 he supported Miss Ethel Barrymore in "Her 
Sister." Mr. Byron is a member of the New York Athletic Club, 
The Lambs, and The Players. His home is at Monmouth Beach, 
N. J. 

BYRON, Oliver Bond : 

Was born in Maryland November 14, 1842. He first ap- 
peared on the stage as a schoolboy in "Nicholas Nickleby" with 
Joseph Jefferson at the Holliday Street Theatre, Baltimore, un- 
der the management of John T. Ford on January 21, 1856. He 
played boy parts with Charlotte Cushman and other stars, and 
was for two seasons with the old Richmond Theatre Company, 
Richmond, Va., with Edwin Adams and John Wilkes Booth. 
After five years of hard study he became a leading man, sup- 
porting Edwin Booth and acting lago and Othello alternately. 
He supported Charles Dillon, J. H. Hackett, Laura Keene and 
Mrs. Scott Siddons as Romeo, Macbeth, Ingomar and other char- 
acters. He starred in 1870 in "Across the Continent," and in 
the next thirty years played leading roles in all the well-known 
romantic dramas. To Mr. Byron the stage owes the first ap- 
pearance of Ada Rehan. It was in 1874 that, a member of his 
"Across the Continent" company falling ill while playing in 
Newark, N. J., he called her in to play the part of the absent 
one. She was then fourteen years old. He subsequently sub- 
starred her at Wood's Museum in "The Thoroughbred" and in 



68 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"The Rebel." It was her acting in these plays that first at- 
tracted the attention of Augustin Daly. At her last appearance 
in New York Mr. Byron was one of her leading supports. The 
season of 1905-6 he was with Henry E. Dixey in "The Man on 
the Box." The seasons of 1906-7-8 he played John Burkett 
Ryder in "The Lion and the Mouse" under the management of 
Henry B. Harris. Mr. Byron married in 1868 Mary Kate Cre- 
han, a sister of Ada Rehan, the actress. 

CAHILL Miss Marie (Mrs. Daniel V. Arthur) : 

Comedienne, was born in Brooklyn. N. Y. None of her 
relatives were connected with the stage, and she had had no 
experience when she made her first appearance in her native 
city at the little theatre where Harley Merry, the famous scenic 
artist, was conducting a stock company. Her first part was a 
soubrette role in "Kathleen Mavourneen," an Irish romantic 
drama. The first musical play in which Miss Cahill took part 
was Charles Hoyt's "A Tin Soldier." She played the part of 
Patsy, her work consisting mostly of dancing. She next played 
several parts in the productions of George Lederer, attracting 
much attention by her singing of such songs as "Nancy Brown" 
and "Under the Bamboo Tree." "Nancy Brown" furnished the 
title for a musical comedy written by George Broadhurst and 
Frederick Rankin, with music by Silvio Hein and George Had- 
ley, in which Miss Cahill first became a star in the season of 
1902-3 under the management of Daniel V. Arthur, whose wife 
she subsequently became. The following season she starred in 
"Molly Moonshine," by Edwin Milton Royle and George V. Ho- 
bart. Miss Cahill scored the greatest success of her career as 
Mary Montgomery in the musical comedy, "Marrying Mary," 
produced at Daly's Theatre, New York in August, 1906. This 
play was originally written for his wife by Edwin Milton Royle 
and produced at the Madison Square Theatre, New York, in 
1903 under the title of "My Wife's Husbands." Mr. Royle then 
transformed it into a musical comedy, with lyrics by Benjamin 
Hapgood Burt and music by Silvio Hein. Miss Cahill again 
used this play as her starring vehicle for the season of 1907-8, 
touring Canada, the Northwest, the Pacific Coast and Western 
cities. Miss Cahill's address is care of D. V. Arthur, 1402 
Broadway, New York. 

CAINE, Hall (Thomas Henry Hall Caine) : 

Playwright, was born in Douglas, Isle of Man, May 14, 1853. 
He was educated there and in Liverpool for the profession of 
an architect, but became a newspaper man on the staff of the 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 69 

Liverpool Mercury. His first novel, "The Shadow of a Crime," 
was published in 1885. His first dramtic production was "The 
Deemster," dramatized from his novel by himself and the late 
Wilson Barrett, and produced in 1888. Wilson Barrett also as- 
sisted in the dramatization of "The Manxman," produced in 
1895. Of his other novels, dramatized by himself, "The Chris- 
tian" was produced in 1898 and "The Eternal City" in 1902. 
"The Prodigal Son" in 1905 and "The Bondman" in 1906. His 
home is Greeba Castle, Isle of Man. 

CALVE, Mme. Emma: 

Grand opera prima donna, was born in Aveyron, in the 
south of France, in 1864. Her mother was a French woman and 
her father a Spaniard. He died when she was sixteen years 
old. She then went to Paris to study singing. She made her 
first public appearance at a benefit at Nice in 1881, and made 
her professional debut the following year at the Theatre de la 
Monnaie at Brussels in Massenet's "Herodiade," with indiffer- 
ent success. A tour through Italy followed, and there she saw 
Duse act. She studied the Italian actress's methods, and as a 
result made her first marked success as Ophelie in Thomas's 
"Hamlet." In 1884 she first appeared in Paris in "Aben Hamet." 
She achieved her greatest successes there at the Opera Comique 
as Carmen and as Santuzza in "Cavalleria Rusticana." She first 
appeared in London in 1892 at the Royal Italian Opera. She 
made her first appearance in this country on December 20, 1893, 
at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, as Carmen and 
made an instantaneous success. Since then she has been with 
the Abbey, Schoeffel, Grau or the Conried managements almost 
every season. In 1905-6-7 she made tours of the States at the 
head of a concert company under the management of John 
Cort. Her home is at the Chateau Cabrieres, Cevennes, France. 

CAMPBELL, Mrs. Patrick (Beatrice Stella) : 

Actress, was born at Forest House, Kensington, London, 
England, February 9, 1867, being the daughter of John Tanner 
and Luigia (Romanini) Tanner. She was educated at private 
schools in England and Paris. In 1884 she was married to 
Patrick Campbell, of Straumer, N. B., the second son of Patrick 
Campbell, manager of the Bank of India at Hong Kong. Her 
husband was killed in the South African War in 1900. She has 
one son, Alan Urquhart, formerly a cadet in the British Navy 
and now an undergraduate at Oxford, and one daughter, Stella, 
who recently was married at the age of seventeen, her husband 
being only two years her senior. Mrs. Campbell first appeared 



70 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

with the Anomalies Amateur Dramatic Club at West Norwood, 
London, in 1886, and a year later began her professional career, 
touring England with the Ben Greet and Bandmann-Palmer com- 
panies. She first attracted marked attention by creating the 
title part in "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray" with George Alexan- 
der at St. James's Theatre, London, in 1893. She later appeared 
with Beerbohm Tree in "John O'Dreams" and with John Hare 
in "The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith." In 1896 she played Juliet 
to the Romeo of Forbes Robertson at the Lyceum, and two years 
later toured Germany with him in Shakespearian plays. In 
1900 she leased the Royalty Theatre, London, producing "The 
Canary," "Fantasticks," "Beyond Human Power" and several 
other plays. Mrs. Campbell came to this country under the 
management of Liebler & Co. in 1901 and played a six months' 
engagement in repertoire. The following year she made another 
American tour under Charles Frohman, appearing in "The Joy 
of Living," by Sudermann, and "Aunt Jeannie," by E. F. Ben- 
son, among other plays. In 1904 she appeared with Sarah Bern- 
hardt, playing "Pelleas and Melisande." by Maeterlinck, in 
French. The same year she made another American tour with 
an English translation of Sardou's "La Sorciere." In 1905 she 
again played in French with Madame Bernhardt in London and 
throughout England. The seasons of 1906-7-8 she toured this 
country in repertoire. Mrs. Campbell's London address is 33 
Kensington square, W. 

CAREW, James: 

Actor, was born in Indiana in 1872. He came into promi- 
nence as an actor in "The Climbers" with Miss Amelia Bing- 
ham. He afterward scored with Miss Henrietta Crosman in 
"Sweet Kitty Bellairs" under the management of David Belasco, 
and with Miss Alice Fischer in "Mrs. Jack." He appeared as 
Lieut. Richard Redstone in "Two Little Sailor Boys" at the 
Academy of Music, New York, May 2, 1904, and then joined Miss 
Maxine Elliott's company, playing Sam Coast in "Her Own 
Way," making his first appearance in London, England, in that 
part at the Lyric Theatre April 25, 1905. He played in "An 
Angel Unawares" at the Court Theatre and in "Man and Super- 
man" at the Criterion Theatre, London, returning to the Court 
Theatre to play Capt. Hamlin Kearney in G. Bernard Shaw's 
"Captain Brassbound's Conversion" to the Lady Cecily Wayn- 
flete of Miss Ellen Terry, March 20, 1906. One year and two 
days later, on March 22, 1907, he married that famous English 
actress at Pittsburg, Pa., having returned to this country with 
her company the previous January, playing the part of Captain 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 71 

Brassbound. He was also seen with her in "The Good Hope" 
and "Nance Oldfield" at the Empire Theatre, New York, Febru- 
ary, 1907. The season of 1907-8 he appeared in London. 

CAREY, Miss Eleanor: 

Actress, was born in Chile, South America, August 31, 1852. 
In 1874 she came to California and made her first appearance 
on the stage in San Francisco at the California Theatre with a 
stock company. She made her debut in New York on January 
7, 187S, playing Queen Elizabeth in "Richard III" with Edwin 
Booth at Booth's Theatre, and subsequently appeared with him 
in the roles of Katherine in "The Taming of the Shrew," Desde- 
mona in "Othello," Portia in "The Merchant of Venice," and in 
other Shakespearian plays. She was with the Union Square 
Stock Company for four years, supporting Clara Morris, and 
then toured in "The Silver King" with Frederick De Belleville. 
Miss Carey has been seen in "Tangled Lives" with Robert Man- 
tell, "Niobe," "A Parisian Romance," and "Fascination." She 
has also been associated with the late Richard Mansfield in his 
repertoire, with Leslie Carter in "Du Barry," and Robert Ede- 
son in "Ranson's Folly." In 1906 she appeared with Wright 
Lorimer in "The Shepherd King," and the season of 1906-7 was 
with Blanche Walsh in both "The Woman in the Case" and "The 
Kreutzer Sonata." The season of 1907-8 she was leading woman 
with the Belasco Stock Company, Los Angeles, Cal. 

CARLE, Richard : 

Comedian, was born in Somerville, Mass., July 7, 1871. He 
was graduated from the High School in that city. He had 
gained a reputation as a platform humorist throughout New 
England before he made his first appearance on the regular 
stage, supporting James T. Powers and Peter F. Dailey in "A 
Straight Tip." His next engagement was with Joe Ott in "The 
Star Gazer," after which he played in "Excelsior, Jr.," and 
then made his first marked success in "The Lady Slavey." He 
afterward played principal comedy parts in "One Round of Pleas- 
ure," "In Gotham," "A Dangerous Maid," "Yankee Doodle 
Dandy," "A Greek Slave" and his own musical comedy, 
"Mam'selle 'Awkins." As a legitimate actor Mr. Carle made a 
pronounced success in the part of the Carpenter, Shossi Shman- 
drik in Israel Zangwill's "Children of the Ghetto," produced in 
Washington on September 18, 1899. The following year Mr. 
Carle went to London as a member of the "An American Beauty" 
company. The play was a failure, but when the company pre- 
sented "The Casino Girl" in its place Mr. Carle jumped into 



72 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

popularity with the Britishers. Returning to this country, Mr. 
Carle starred in his own musical comedies, "The Mayor of To- 
kio" and "The Tenderfoot." The season of 1906-7 he starred in 
"The Spring Chicken," which he again played the fall of 1907. 
He also produced his musical comedy, "The Hurdy Gurdy Girl." 
In November, 1907, he appeared in "Mary's Lamb," written by 
himself. Mr. Carle's New York home is at 127 Riverside Drive. 

CARHART, James L. : 

Actor, was born in West Bloomfield, Mich., December 24, 
1843, and was educated at the schools of Pontiac and Detroit. 
When eighteen years old he enlisted in the Fifth Michigan Cav- 
alry, of the famous Custer's Brigade, of the Army of the Poto- 
mac. In spite of his youth he became first sergeant of his com- 
pany. He fought in more than forty engagements, including the 
great battles of Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, Spottsylvania and the 
Wilderness. He was in Kilpatrick's raid on Richmond when 
Custer's Brigade, under a desperate artillery fire, penetrated 
within the first line of fortifications. In a charge against Fitz- 
hugh Lee's cavalry division at Trevillian June 11, 1864, Mr. Car- 
hart's horse was killed and he was taken prisoner. After three 
weeks in Libby Prison and nine months in Andersonville Prison 
he was paroled in March, 1865. When mustered out of the service 
he went on the stage, making his first appearance as Deschap- 
pelle's servant in "The Lady of Lyons," September 6, 1865, at 
the Athenaeum Theatre, Detroit. That season he played over one 
hundred parts, supporting such stars as James H. Hackett, 
Charles Kean and Ellen Tree, Laura Keene, Lawrence Barrett, 
Charles Dillon, Matilda Heron, etc. The next season he was at 
the Pittsburg Theatre. In 1868-9 at Wood's Theatre, Cincinnati, 
and following years up to 1875 in stock at Louisville, New Or- 
leans, Washington, Chicago and New York; his first New York 
appearance being as Horatio to the Hamlet of E. L. Davenport 
at the Grand Opera House in 1874. Mr. Carhart has supported 
nearly all of the great stars of the last forty years. He has 
played more than eight hundred parts, including seventy-four 
Shakespearian characters in nineteen of the poet's plays. Other 
notable parts he has played are Michonet in "Adrienne Lecou- 
vrier," Mons. Belin in "Miss Multon," and Duval in "Camille" 
with Clara Morris, Duke of Gloster in "Jane Shore" with Gene- 
vieve Ward, Tulkinghorn in "Bleak House" with Janauschek, 
Seth Preene in "Lights o' London," Old Grazebrook in "An Un- 
equal Match," Baron Hartfeldt in "Jim the Penman," and Rich- 
ard Brinsley Sheridan in "Beau Brummell." He was for three 
seasons with the late Richard Mansfield. He has played in 




JAMES L. CARHART 



74 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

twenty-seven theatres on Manhattan Island and thirteen in 
Brooklyn, making forty in Greater New York. Altogether he has 
played in six hundred theatres in five hundred cities and towns 
in every State of the Union, and in British America. Mr. Car- 
hart also plays modern up-to-date characters with equal facility 
as the classical. He was last seen as Mr. Lawton in "The Com- 
ing of Mrs. Patrick" at the Madison Square Theatre in the fall 
of 1907. In 1868 Mr. Carhart married Miss Cordelia Cappell, a 
well-known leading actress, who died in 1882. He is a member 
of The Players Club, a life member of the Actors' Fund, and a 
comrade of Lafayette Post G. A. R. His hobby is the collection 
of old theatrical portraits and programmes, of which he pos- 
sesses a large and valuable number. His summer home is at 
Pontiac, Mich. 

CARLETON, Henry Guy: 

Playwright, was born at Fort Union, N. M., June 21, 1851. 
His father was the late General James H. Carleton, U. S. Army. 
After being graduated from Santa Clara College, California, 
Henry Guy Carleton entered the army, but soon resigned and 
took up newspaper work on the New Orleans Times in 1876. 
There he won his spurs in the yellow fever epidemic of 1878. 
He soon afterward went to New York, where he quickly earned 
a reputation as a humorist. His first dramatic work was "Mem- 
non," an Egyptian tragedy, which was purchased by the late 
John McCullough, but never produced. Other plays by Mr. 
Carleton, many of which have been successful, are "Victor Du- 
rand," "A Gilded Fool," played by Nat Goodwin; "The Butter- 
flies," "The Lion's Mouth," and "Ye Early Trouble." April 10, 
1890, Mr. Carleton who had married and been divorced, mar- 
ried Miss Effie Shannon, the actress. She obtained a divorce 
from him three years later. Mr. Carleton is a member of the 
New York Yacht Club. 

CAE.Il. Alexander: 

Actor, was born in Russia March 7, 1880, being the son of 
a Rabbi. He emigrated to America when quite young, landing 
at San Francisco, Cal., but at the age of twelve ran away to 
join the Kickapoo Medicine Company as lecturer, touring the 
West with it for one year. He wandered to St. Paul, Minn., 
securing a position as property man at the St. Paul Theatre, 
rising finally to ballad singer on amateur night, Fridays. Then 
he joined the "Irish Justice" company, playing small parts and 
later was seen in "A Load of Wood," and "Bibs and Bibs." He 
went to Chicago, appearing in music halls, and from there 




ALEXANDER CARR 



76 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

drifted to Nashville, Tenn., appearing twenty-four times a day 
singing popular songs. A stroke of ill-luck compelled him to 
sing in the streets of Louisville, Ky., and to pass the hat to 
pedestrians. He did the same thing in St. Louis for a year, 
and then secured an engagement in a burlesque show in Buf- 
falo, N. Y. He subsequently was starred in "The Parisian 
Belles," with a promise of a good salary. He ' received merely 
the promise. Mr. Carr, somewhat discouraged, turned his at- 
tention to drama, appearing in "The Stroke of Twelve," only to 
return to Chicago and burlesque. Weber and Fields finally en- 
gaged him for all the leading parts in their numerous shows, 
and after appearing with the "Grass Widow" and "Transatlan- 
tic" burlesquers he joined Hurtig and Seamans. The seasons 
of 1904-5-6-7 Mr. Carr starred in "Wine, Woman and Song," 
making his first marked success. The season of 1907-8 he 
formed one of a triple-star cast in "The Gay White Way," pro- 
duced at the Casino Theatre, New York, October 7, 1907. Mr. 
Carr married a non-professional woman June 14, 1902. His 
favorite recreations are baseball and horse racing. He is a 
member of the Green Room, Comedy and White Rats clubs. 
His New York City address is Reisenweber's Hotel. His sum- 
mer home is in the Catskill Mountains. 

CARROLL, Richard Field: 

Actor and playwright, was born in Boston, Mass., October 
27. 1865, and educated at New York College. He made his first 
appearance with Col. W. E. Sinn's Varieties at the Front Street 
Theatre, Baltimore, and the seasons of 1881-2-3 he played Ned 
in "Le Voyage en Suisse" with the Hanlon Brothers. The sea- 
son of 1884-5 he played the Dumb Boy in "Prisoner for Life" 
with the Union Square Stock Company, New York. He then 
went starring with the Carrolls (his father, R. M., and his broth- 
ers E. M. H. and Bennie) in "Whose Can It Be?" He played in 
Bartley Campbell's "White Slave," and was the Fritz in "Oxy- 
gen" with Lydia Thompson. The season of 1886-7 he was lead- 
ing comedian with Patti Rosa in "Zip" and "Bob," and the fol- 
lowing summer was at the Chicago Opera House in Henderson's 
"Arabian Nights." For successive seasons from 1887 he cre- 
ated the comedy part in Vernona Jarbeau's "Starlight," was in 
Tony Hart's "Donnybrook," with Bandmann in "Australitz," and 
played Faragus in "Nadjy" at the Casino Theatre, New York. 
At the same theatre he played in "The Brigands," and "The 
Grand Duchess," then was with Marie Tempest in "The Red 
Hussar" at Wallack's Theatre, and with Pauline Hall in "Er- 
minie" and "Amorita." The seasons of 1891-2 Mr. Carroll was 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 11 

leading comedian with the Duff Opera Company, and the follow- 
ing season he played in "Our Goblins," "The Dago," written by 
himself and "The Talisman" at Hammerstein's Manhattan Opera 
House. After a summer with Duff in repertoire, in 1893-4 he 
played Charles Favart with Fay Templeton, was with Laura 
Schirmer Mapleson and with Marie Tempest in "The Fencing 
Master." The following year he played the Mayor of Perth in 
"Rob Roy" and produced "Kismet," by himself and Gus Kerker, 
at the Tremont Theatre, Boston. The two following seasons he 
was in "Rob Roy," and "Brian Boru," at the Broadway Theatre, 
New York. He then played McGinnis Pasha in "The Rounders" 
and was in "The Dangerous Maid," and "The Three Dragoons," 
at the Broadway Theatre, New York. In 1899 he was with his 
own burlesque, "Very Little Faust," at the Manhattan Beach 
Theatre, and in 1900 in "The Normandy Wedding" at the Herald 
Square Theatre, New York. Then for successive seasons he 
played the title role in "The Burgomaster," was with "Miss Bob 
White," the "Sally in Our Alley" and "Winsome Winnie" com- 
panies. He succeeded Andrew Mack in "My Lady Molly" at 
Daly's, New York, and played principal comedy in "The Maid 
and the Mummy." In 1905-6 he starred in "The Serio-Comic 
Girl," and in 1906-7 played Sir John in "Belle of Mayfair." Mr. 
Carroll married Miss Ann Sutherland in 1886 and was divorced 
1893. He is a member of the Actors' Society of America and 
F. and A. M., Pacific Lodge 233. 

CARSON, Murray: 

Actor and playwright, was born in London in 1865 of Scot- 
tish parents. As a youth he was secretary to the Rev. Dr. 
Joseph Parker, of the City Temple, London, but finding the foot- 
lights more attractive than the pulpit Mr. Carson while still in 
his 'teens, obtained an engagement with the late Wilson Barrett, 
with whom he played in "Claudian," "The Lord Harry," "Hood- 
man Blind," "The Silver King," "Hamlet" and other plays. Since 
coming to the United States Mr. Carson has written many works 
in collaboration with Louis N. Parker the best known of which 
is "Rosemary." In August, 1906, he made his first appearance 
in vaudeville at Keith & Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre, 
New York, in a one-act play, "The Point of the Sword." The 
same year he supported Miss Cecilia Loftus in "The Diamond 
Express." He is a member of the Green Room Club. 

CAKTEB-, Mrs. Leslie (Mrs. William Louis Payne) : 

Actress, was born in Louisville, Ky., her maiden name being 
Caroline Louise Dudley. On her father's death the family re- 



78 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

moved to Ohio, where Miss Dudley, still in her 'teens, met Les- 
lie Carter, a weal.hy Chicago lawyer, to whom she was married 
at Dayton May 26, 1880. On May 22, 1889, Mr. Carter obtained 
a divorce. Mrs. Carter then decided to seek a stage career. It 
was not until she met David Belsaco that she found a manager 
who saw in her the possibilities of an undeveloped talent. Un- 
der his tutelage she studied and worked untiringly and unceas- 
ingly until November 10, 1890, when she made her debut in 
New York in "The Ugly Duckling," by Paul Potter, Mr. Belasco 
giving her the principal part. More training and hard work on 
the part of teacher and pupil followed, and better results came 
with the production, the following year, of "Miss Helyett," a 
comedy with music, by Audran. Mrs. Carter played the part of 
a demure Quaker maiden in this for two years, improving con- 
stantly, and all the time being under Mr. Belasco's personal 
training. In March, 1893, Mrs. Carter left the stage and dropped 
out of the public eye until 1895. These two years had been spent 
in further study. In October of that year she appeared as a star 
in "The Heart of Maryland," written especially to display her 
talents by Mr. Belasco. In this she achieved the success she 
and Mr. Belasco had worked so long and hard for. She played 
Maryland Calvert in this country for three seasons, until April 
9, 1898, when Mr. Belasco took the play to the Adelphi Theatre, 
London. There Mrs. Carter appeared as Maryland Calvert one 
hundred and forty-five times. This was followed by an even 
greater success, "Zaza," written by Mr. Belasco from the French 
play by Simon and Berton, which Rejane produced at the Vaude- 
ville Theatre, Paris. After its initial production in Washington 
December 26, 1898, Mrs. Carter was hailed by some cri ics as 
the American Bernhardt. In April, 3900, she appeared with 
great success in "Zaza" at the Garrick Theatre, London. "Zaza" 
was followed by "Madame Du Barry," written by Mr. Belasco, 
which was produced first at the New National Theatre, Wash- 
ington, D. C., December 12, 1901, and opened in New York at 
the Criterion Theatre on December 25. The success of this was 
even more phenomenal than that of "Zaza," Mrs. Carter show- 
ing perhaps even more talent as an emotional actress than she 
had in the former play. From that time until 1905 Mrs. Carter 
alternated in playing "Zaza" and "Madame Du Barry" to crowded 
houses all over the country. In 1905 she appeared in "Adrea," 
by Mr. Belasco and John Luther Long, at the Belasco Theatre, 
New York. This was withdrawn in the spring of 1906. Mrs. 
Carter made a starring arrangement with Charles B. Dillingham 
for the season of 1906-7, but that manager, unable to secure a 
suitable play for her use she went out under her own manage- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 7!> 

ment on spring tour in May, 1907. Mrs. Carter continued under 
her own management the season of 1907-8, appearing in reper- 
toire, her season opening at Schenectady, N. Y., November 11, 
1907. 

CARTWRIGHT, Charles: 

Actor, was born in England in 1855 and, after touring the 
provinces, made his first appearance in London at the Imperial 
Theatre, playing Chadband to Miss Jennie Lee's Jo. In 1880 
he supported the late William Creswick at the Princess's Thea- 
tre and appeared with the late Edwin Booth in "Richelieu," and 
"The Fool's Revenge." After numerous parts in London he 
toured England as Price Zouroff in "Moths." In 1886 he was 
iu the production of "A Run of Luck" at Drury Lane Theatre,, 
and then went to the Princess's for a long round of leading parts. 
He played Claudius and lago with F. R. Benson at the Globe. 
He then went to Australia and, returning to London, created 
many parts at the Adelphi and at Drury Lane. He was also 
the original Sir Hubert Garlinge in "John a Dreams," produced 
at the Haymarket in 1895. For a season he was joint manager 
of the Duke of York's Theatre, London, and he also played 
Peggoty in a revival of "David Copperfield" at the Adelphi. He 
made his first great success in this country as Kleshna in the 
original production of "Leah Kleshna," and the season of 1906-7 
he starred here in "The Eastman Case." He has recently staged 
many English plays in New York. 

CARTON, R. Claude (R. C. Critchett) : 

Playwright, was born in London in 1854, being the son 
of Dr. George Critchett, a well-known oculist and brother 
of Sir G. Anderson Critchett. While playing Rosencrantz to 
the Hamlet of Miss Marriott in Hull in 1876 Mr. Carton met 
and married a daughter of the late Henry Compton (Charles 
Mackenzie), a famous comedian and the founder of one of the 
best known families of English actors. Mr. Carton is best known 
in America as the author of "Lord and Lady Algy," "Liberty 
Hall," and more recently "Mr. Hopkinson." The production of 
"The Great Pink Pearl" at the Criterion Theatre, London, nearly 
twenty years ago, was Mr. Carton's debut as a playwright. The 
play was a great success, and since then Mr. Carton has devoted 
himself exclusively to the dramatist's art. His best known 
plays, in addition to those already mentioned, are "Sunlight 
and Shadow," "Robin Goodfellow," "The Tree of Knowledge," 
"The Home Secretary," "The Squire of Dames," "The White 
Elephant," "Wheels Within Wheels," "The Treasure," "The 



80 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Pointsman," "Lady Huntworth's Experiment," "The Under- 
graduate," "Public Opinion," "The Rich Mrs. Repton," "A Clean 
Slate," and "The Undercurrent." Mr. Carton lives with his wife 
and one daughter at The Red Lodge, Acton, near London. He 
is a member of the Garrick and the Savage clubs, London. 

CAEVIL, Bert Forrest: 

Actor, was born at St. Mary's, Nova Scotia, June 13, 1880, 
and was educated in Silver City, N. M., where he made his first 
appearance as Procules in "Damon and Pythias" in 1902. He 
played two seasons with Gee's stock company, taking a variety 
of parts, throughout New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and Colorado. 
The season of 1906 he organized his own company, playing leads 
and being supported by his twin brother, Harry Carvil. He 
made his first prominent success as Norval in "Douglas." His 
home is at Globe, Ariz. 

CAEVIL, Harry: 

Actor, was born at St. Mary's, Nova Scotia, June 13, 1880. 
He made his first appearance as Gustave in "Camille" at Silver 
City, N. M., in 1898. After general work with the Myrtle Stock 
Company he joined his twin brother, Bert Forrest Carvil, in 
the Monarch Stock Company, playing standard plays through- 
out the West. His home is at Globe, Ariz. 

CARUS. Miss Emma (Mrs. Harry James Everall) : 

Comedienne and singer, was born in Berlin, Germany, March 
18, 1879. Her father, Carl Cams, was a manager, and her mother, 
Henrietta Rolland, a prima donna of some note. Miss Carus 
sang in public when she was six years old and, coming to this 
country after completing her musical education, adopted the 
stage as a profession when she was fifteen years old. She ap- 
peared in various minor parts in light opera and musical com- 
edy until 1900, when she played her first important part, that 
of Lady Muriel in "The Giddy Throng," replacing Lady Frances 
Hope (May Yohe), at the New York Theatre, New York. She 
remained a member of the New York Theatre musical stock 
company for three years, during which she created the parts 
of Nancy in "The King's Carnival," and Jane Bowlingbrook in 
"The Hall of Fame." She was the Mrs. Jack Orchard of "The 
Defender," produced at the Herald Square Theatre, New York; 
the Countess von Lahn in "The Wild Rose," the Princess Yo- 
San in the burlesque of "The Darling of the Gods," produced 
at the Broadway Theatre, New York, and Mrs. Jane Habicomb 
in "The Medal and the Maid" at the Broadway. The season of 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 81 

1905-6 she appeared as Lady Peacock in "Woodland." She was 
in "The Follies of 1907" at the New York Theatre roof garden, 
and the season of 1907-8 went into vaudeville. She was married 
June 25, 1905, to Harry James Everall, a New York business 
man. She had previously been married to N. S. Mattson, soa 
of a former governor of Minnesota, whom she divorced. Her 
address is at 200 West Seventieth street, New York. 

CAWTHORN, Joseph: 

Comedian, was born in New York in 1868. He first ap- 
peared on the stage when he was three years old in a picka- 
ninny minstrel entertainment at Robinson's Hall, New York. 
In 1872 he and his brother Herbert joined Haverly's minstrels 
and toured the country with them for four years, Joseph Caw- 
thorn being Haverly's original "Mastodon." In 1876 he went to 
Europe, and for the next four years appeared there in the music 
halls and pantomime shows. Returning to the United States in 
1880, he played in vaudeville until 1883, when he made a joint 
starring tour with his brother Herbert in "Little Nugget." He 
was next engaged as the principal comedian of Patti Rosa's com- 
pany, and then appeared for a season in the same capacity with, 
the Gladys Wallis company. In 1895 he reappeared as a star in 
"A Fool for Luck," his success in this putting him in the front 
rank of light comedians. After playing the leading comedy 
parts with Corinne and in "Excelsior Jr." with Sadie Martinet, 
he played a leading part in "Nature" at the Academy of Music, 
New York, in 1897. A starring tour to the Pacific Coast in 
"Miss Philadelphia" was followed by his engagement for the 
role of Boris with Miss Alice Nielsen in "The Fortune Teller." 
In 1906 he was the star of John Philip Sousa's comic opera, 
"The Free Lance," which had a run at the New Amsterdam Thea- 
tre. The fall of 1907 he was seen in "The Hoyden" with Miss 
Elsie Janis. 

CHAMBERLIN, Miss lone: 

Actress, was born in New York City November 15, 1880, 
and was educated in Washington, D. C. She is the granddaugh- 
ter of Charles R. Thorne, a daughter of Emily Jordan Chamber- 
lin and a niece of Charles R. Thorne, Jr. She made her first 
appearance at Bridgeport September 16, 1897, in "The Girl from 
Paris" under the management of E. E. Rice. She then joined 
Augustin Daly's company and remained with it until Mr. Daly's 
death. She played in the melodrama, "Report for Duty," at the 
Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, in 1899 and in "Danger- 
ous Women" at the Star Theatre, New York, in 1900. After a 



82 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

season with the Wright Huntington Stock Company in Provi- 
dence, R. I. she became a member of the Proctor Stock, New York 
City. She has also fulfilled engagements with Mrs. Fiske in 
"Mary of Magdala," with Nellie McHenry in "M'liss" and with 
Lottie Williams in "Only a Shopgirl." The season of 1905-6 
Miss Chamberlin was leading woman with Nance O'Neil, play- 
ing Marie in "Magda" and Gertrude in "The Fires of St. John." 

CHAMBERS, C. Haddon: 

Playwright, was born at Stanmore, near Sydney, Australia, 
April 22, 1860, being the son of John Ritchie Chambers. Mr. 
Chambers began life as a clerk under his father who was in 
the Colonial Civil Service. He afterward was a rider on an 
Australian cattle range. Going to London in 1880, Mr. Cham- 
bers began a literary career. His first important play was "Cap- 
tain Swift," produced by Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket, 
London, in 1888. His other notable plays are: "The Idler," 
"John A Dreams," "The Tyranny of Tears," "The Honorable Her- 
bert," "The Old Lady," "The Awakening," and "The Golden Si- 
lence." He is part author of "The Fatal Card," "Boys Together," 
and "The Days of the Duke." He also made the English ver- 
sion of "The Thief." 

CHAMBERS, Kellett: 

Playwright, brother of Haddon Chambers, was born in Syd- 
ney, Australia. He studied law for a time, but deserted it for 
journalism. In 1888 he went to London, where his brother had 
already won fame as the author of "Captain Swift." He came 
to this country in 1891 and engaged in newspaper work in New 
York and San Francisco. In 1901 he married Mrs. Mary Davi- 
son, better known to the public as "Kate Carew," caricaturist 
and interviewer, and to artists, under her own name, as a por- 
trait painter. Mr. Chambers's first play, "Abigail," was pro- 
duced at the Savoy Theatre, New York, in 1905, Grace George 
starring in it. His second, "Frenzied Finance," a farce, followed 
at the same theatre. In 1906 he made a four-act stage version 
of Charles Dickens's favorite novel, "David Copperfield," which 
Charles Cartwright produced in England under the title "Dan'l 
Pegotty." In the fall of the same year Joseph Brooks commis- 
sioned him to write a play for Miss Lillian Russell to meet the 
emergency created by the failure of "Barbara's Millions." In 
four weeks from the signing of the contract Mr. Chambers de- 
livered "The Butterfly," a three-act comedy of New York life, 
in which Miss Russell starred the entire season. Mr. Chambers's 
address is American Dramatists' Club, 114 West Fortieth street, 
New York. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 83 

CHASE, Miss Edna: 

Actress, was born in New York City September 29, 1888, her 
parents being Warren E. and Mary Johnson Chase. She made 
her stage debut on January 26, 1903, at Weber & Fields's Music 
Hall, New York, in "Twirly Whirly," beginning in the chorus. 
She continued there until 1905, her work in the meantime hav- 
ing advanced her to one of the smaller roles, when she went, 
on a vaudeville tour in John Mason's "Society Belles" with Miss 
Lillian Doherty. In 1906 she was engaged to play Dorothy in 
"The Tourists." The season of 1907-8 she was seen in "Fasci- 
nating Flora" at the Casino, New York, and on tour. 

CHASE, Miss Pauline: 

Actress, was born in Washington May 20, 1885, and was edu- 
cated at the Convent of the Sisters of the Holy Cross in New 
York. She made her first appearance in the chorus of "The 
Rounders" under the management of G. W. Lederer in 1900, and 
the following year went to England where she played in "The 
Girl from Up There" with Miss Edna May. She was next seen 
in this country in "Liberty Belles," attracting attention as the 
Pink Pajama Girl. Returning to England, she appeared in "The 
Schoolgirl" at the Prince of Wales's Theatre, London, in 1903, 
and in "Veronique" at the Lyric, 1904. She was then seen as a 
dancer in "Peter Pan," and played Columbine in "Pantaloon" at 
the Duke of York's Theatre, London. After playing the leading 
part in a wordless play by Albert Chevalier called "The Scape- 
grace," she was entrusted with the title role in a London revival 
of "Peter Pan" the season of 1906-7. 

CHEATHAM, Miss Kitty: 

Actress, was born in Nashville, Tenn., being the daughter 
of Colonel Richard Cheatham, three times Mayor of Nashville 
and a granddaughter of General Richard Cheatham. She began 
her stage career in 1887 by playing Daisy Brown in "The Pro- 
fessor," and the same year was engaged by Colonel McCaull to 
understudy Miss Bertha Ricci, the prima donna of his opera 
company. Before the season was over Miss Cheatham had suc- 
ceeded Miss Ricci and sang the principal parts in "Falka," and 
"The Black Hussar." Miss Cheatham's first appearance in New 
York was at the Casino, where she appeared as Cerise in "Er- 
minie" in the long run of that opera. She next became a mem- 
ber of Augustin Daly's company and went to the front in that 
as Bizarre in "The Inconstant." Among her other roles were 
Titania in "A Midsummer Night's Dream," and Jaquenetta in 
"Love's Labor's Lost." She was the original Winny in "The Last 



84 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Word." Miss Cheatham remained many years with the Daly 
organization, and after leaving it played many leading parts. 
Of late she has devoted herself chiefly to public readings and 
charitable performances 

CHEVALIEK, Albert: 

Actor, was born in London March 21, 1861, being the son of 
a French father and a Welsh mother. After acting as an ama- 
teur he made his first professional appearance at the Prince of 
Wales's Theatre under the Bancrofts' management in 1877. He 
then became a member of the Hare and Kendal company, and 
for a time was with the Van Biene Opera Company. In 1883 
he was at Toole's Theatre, and after a season at the Globe he 
went to the Court Theatre, making his first success in charac- 
ter parts in "The Magistrate," and "Dandy Dick." He first sang 
a cockney song, "Our 'Armonic Club," in "Aladdin" at the 
Strand Theatre in 1889. He made his first appearance in vaude- 
ville at a matinee at the Tivoli, London, singing coster songs 
of his own writing in 1891 and met with instant and extraordi- 
nary success. Since then he has toured the world singing cos- 
termonger songs and appearing in recitals with Mme. Yvette 
Guilbert. His first appearance in this country was at Koster 
and Bial's Music Hall, New York, in 1896. He last appeared in 
New York at Carnegie Hall with Mme. Guilbert in 1906. He re- 
turned to the legitimate stage in 1907, playing in London. He 
is the author of hundreds of coster songs, many of which have 
attained worldwide popularity. He has also written many plays 
and sketches and a volume of personal reminiscences. His home 
is at Baling, near London, England. 

CHERRY, Charles: 

Actor, was born in England, none of his relatives ever hav- 
ing been connected with the stage. He began business as a 
banker's clerk in London, after having graduated from Oxford 
University. He was an enthusiastic amateur actor, and after 
playing several leading parts he determined to adopt the stage 
as a profession. After some experience in England he came to 
this country in 1899, opening at Wallack's Theatre, New York, 
in "A Ray of Sunshine." He was then leading man with Mary 
Mannering for a season, and with Henrietta Crosman in "The 
Sword of the King," and Elsie De Wolfe in "Cynthia." The sea- 
son of 1903 he began an engagement as leading man in support 
of Maxine Elliott, which position he has since retained, playing 
with her in "Her Own Way" and "Her Great Match." Mr. 
Cherry has also played in London with Ethel Barrymore in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 85 

"Cynthia," with Miss Elliott in "Her Own Way," and with Mr. 
and Mrs. Forbes Robertson in "Mice and Men." The season of 
1907-8 he appeared in London and in this country in "Under the 
Greenwood Tree" with Miss Elliott. 

CLARENDON, J. Hayden: 

Actor and newspaper man, was born in Ballywalter, County 
Cork, Ireland, July 10, 1879, and was educated at Ratcliffe Col- 
lege, Leicestershire, England. He studied law in Lincoln's Inn, 
London, and afterward studied art in Paris and music in Dres- 
den. He wrote a novel of Parisian student life, called "The As- 
pen Leaf," which was so severely criticized that it was with- 
drawn from circulation. He also wrote, in collaboration with 
the late Paul Donval, several ballads and contributed to La Vie 
Illustree and L'Intransigeant. In 1899 he returned to London 
where, for a time, he edited The Topical Times. He then took 
a stage engagement to understudy the part of Bobby Rivers in 
"The Gaiety Girl." He next played Young Marlowe in "She 
Stoops to Conquer," Guy Stanley in "A Runaway Girl," Bronson 
in "The Belle of New York," and other juvenile comedy roles. 
In October, 1900, he came to this country and joined Henrietta 
Crosman's "Mistress Nell" company. In 1901-2 he played Percy 
Van Stuyvesant in "The Casino Girl," Dolly in "Morocco Bound," 
and Captain Donegal in "Florodora." In 1903 he joined the 
reportorial staff of the New York Daily News, and later served 
on the staff of Munsey's Magazine. In 1905 he returned to the 
stage, playing Lord Shrimpton in "The Prince of Pilsen," re- 
maining under the management of Henry W. Savage until 1907. 
He is the author of the comic operas "The Wrong Room," in 
collaboration with Roy L. McCardell; "The Man from Cooks," 
and the composer of about forty published songs. He is also 
associated with The Music Trade Review. Mr. Clarendon is a 
member of the Pen, Masonic and Stanford Jack clubs. His New 
York address is 16 West One Hundred and Fourth street. 

CLARK, Edwin A. : 

Actor, was born in Worcester, Mass., November 14, 1871, 
and was educated at Harvard College. He made his first appear- 
ance at the Theatre Comique, Cleveland, Ohio, with the Forest 
City Quartette, remaining with them two seasons. He then 
joined the Wilbur Opera Company as principal baritone, for sev- 
eral seasons playing all the leading roles in that company's 
repertoire, and then became a member of Henry W. Savage's 
grand opera company for two seasons. He appeared in "The 



86 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Chinese Honeymoon" for seventy-six consecutive weeks and was 
then engaged for the Tivoli Opera Company in San Francisco 
for one season. He came to New York, supporting Madame 
Schumann-Heink, playing Sergeant Trivet in "Love's Lottery," 
and at the close of the season was engaged by Edward P. Tem- 
ple as leading baritone at the New York Hippodrome, appearing 
as Paul Pasky in "A Society Circus" December 11, 1905. The 
season of 1906-7 he played the role of Pierre Dubois in "Nep- 
tune's Daughter," and on November 27, 1907, was seen as Dick 
Spanker in "The Auto Race" at that playhouse. Mr. Clark's 
summer home is at Delmar Gardens, St. Louis, Mo. 

CLARK, Miss Marguerite: 

Comic opera soubrette, was born in Cincinnati, being the 
daughter of A. J. Clark, a prominent merchant of that city. 
Her parents died before she was eleven years old and an elder 
sister took charge of her, placing her to be educated in the 
Brown County Convent, Ohio, where she remained for three 
years. As a child Miss Clark had proved herself an entertainer 
of ability in amateur theatricals and charitable entertainments, 
and when she left the convent she decided on a stage career. 
On the advice of J. K. Murray and his wife, Clara Lane, with 
whom she was acquainted, Miss Clark joined the chorus of the 
repertoire company with which they were playing in Baltimore, 
and made her stage debut in that city under the management 
of Milton Aborn. In a short time she was graduated from the 
chorus to a speaking part. After remaining with this company 
several months she went to New York, and there accepted a 
place as understudy in George W. Lederer's "Belle of Bohemia" 
company, meanwhile continuing vocal study. She sang the 
prima donna role on several occasions, and did it so well that 
she obtained an engagement to play the soubrette role in "The 
Burgomaster." Appearances with Dan Daly in "The New York- 
ers," and in "The Wild Rose" at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New 
York, led to her signing with De Wolf Hopper and playing the 
role of Polly in "Mr. Pickwick." This part started her on the 
road to popularity, and her playing of Mataya the role of Delia 
Fox in the original company, in a revival of "Wang," following 
an engagement with the "Babes in Toyland" company, estab- 
lished her place. She made the greatest success of her career 
as Sylvia, with De Wolf Hopper, in De Koven and Rankin's 
comic opera, "Happyland," which had a long run at the Lyric 
Theatre, New York, the season of 1905-6 and on tour the season 
f 1906-7. 







MARGUERITE CLARK 



88 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

CLARKE, Creston: 

Actor and playwright, the second son of the late John 
Sleeper Clarke and Asia Booth Clarke, and brother of Wilfred 
Clarke, was born in Philadelphia August 30, 1865. In his youth 
he went with his father to London, and there and in Paris re- 
ceived his education. He made his first professional appearance 
at the Adelphi Theatre, London, in the company of his uncle, 
Edwin Booth, his role being that of Francois in "Richelieu." 
From 1882 to 1886 he played in London and the provinces in 
the company of his uncle and in support of his father. He be- 
came a member of Lester Wallack's stock company in 1886 in 
New York and when it went out of existence joined Augustib 
Daly's stock company. Mr. Clarke organized his own company 
and made his first appearance as a star in 1887, opening witfr 
"Hamlet" at Richmond, Va., in which town his grandfather, 
Junius Brutus Booth, made his first appearance in America. For 
ten years Mr. Clarke toured at the head of his own company, 
playing "The Merchant of Venice," "Richelieu," "The Fool's Re- 
venge," etc. In 1897 Mr. Clarke produced his own romantic 
play, "The Last of His Race." The season of 1905-6 Mr. Clarke 
starred in "Monsieur Beaucaire." The season of 1907-8 he toured 
in "The Power That Governs." Mr. Clarke married, April 17, 
1895, Adelaide Prince, an actress and playwright. He is a mem- 
ber of The Players, New York. 

CLARKE, George: 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., January 28, 1840. He 
died October 3, 1906. For full biography of the late Mr. Clarke 
see "Who's Who on the Stage," 1906 edition. 

CLARKE, Harry Corsen: 

Comedian, was born in New York, being the son of H. G. 
Clarke and Mrs. Adele Clarke. His mother played with Edwin 
Forrest, Charlotte Cushman, E. L. Davenport and Edwin Booth, 
and his grandfather was the stage manager at Barnum's Mu- 
seum in its palmiest days. He began his stage career in his 
youth by playing with his mother and acting as advance agent 
for various companies, but made his real debut as an actor in 
1884, when he played a part in "The Lights o' London." He 
next played a season of repertoire with Maud Granger's com- 
pany and then appeared in the initial production of "Beauty" 
at Wallack's Theatre, New York. His next role was that of the 
Stage Manager in "Mam'zelle." For several years thereafter he 
played in various stock companies, it being his boast that he 
played two hundred and fifty eccentric roles in as many consecu- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 89 

tive weeks. He has been most successful as comedian and stage 
manager of the stock company at the Lyceum Theatre, Denver, 
and comedian of the Columbia Theatre Stock Company, San 
Francisco. With the latter company he had two successful sea- 
sons in Honolulu. In 1897 he first appeared as a star in "What 
Happened to Jones." This lasted for three seasons. Then he 
starred in "What Did Tomkins Do?" Seasons in stock compa- 
nies followed and Mr. Clarke went into vaudeville in 1906, since 
which he has been seen in comedy sketches. 

CLARKE, William Hutchinson : 

Actor and singer.was born in Hamilton, Canada, September 
14, 1865, and was educated at the Gait (Ontario) Collegiate In- 
stitute and Victoria College. Before entering the theatrical pro- 
fession he was in the railroad business. He made his first stage 
appearance in the opera "H. M. S. Pinafore" at Milwaukee, Wis., 
in 1885, under the management of Will J. Davis. His next en- 
gagement was with John Stetson in "Princess Ida." He then 
became a member of W. J. Carlton's original opera company, 
and afterward succeeded Myron W. Whitney as principal basso 
of the Boston Ideal Opera Company, remaining with it four 
years. Engagements followed with the J. C. Duff Opera Com- 
pany, the Hinrich Grand Opera Company, the Minnie Hauk 
Grand Opera Company, the Hess Grand Opera Company, the 
Henry W. Savage Grand Opera Company and various others, in- 
cluding a season with the Shuberts' company playing "The 
Chinese Honeymoon." Mr. Clarke has sung the leading basso 
roles in forty-eight grand operas and one hundred and four light 
operas, making his greatest successes as Beppo in "Fra Diavolo," 
Mephistopheles in "Faust," Marcel in "Huguenots," Cardinal 
Brogni in "La Juive," and Pooh-Bah in "The Mikado. The sea- 
son of 1906-7 Mr. Clarke sang the part of Neptune in "Neptune's 
Daughter" at the Hippodrome, New York, and the season of 
1907-8 he played Mr. Worthington in "The Auto Race" at the- 
same place. Mr. Clarke has also done much concert work with 
the Boston Festival Orchestra, Gilmore's Band, Sousa's Band, 
and has sung with Mme. Nordica, Mme. Melba and many other 
celebrities. Mr. Clarke married Miss Gertrude Touissant, Febru- 
ary 7, 1887. His summer home is at Sea View, Mass. His per- 
manent address, New York Hippodrome. 

CLAYTON, Miss Una (Mrs. Francis Morey) : 

Actress, commenced her career as an amateur, and then at 
the head of her own company toured the South for four years 
in musical comedies. She was then soubrette in a stock com- 



90 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

pany in New Orleans. Another four years' tour of the Northern 
towns and summer seasons with stock followed, when Miss 
Clayton went into vaudeville with a sketch called "What's in a 
Name?" which she has played continuously for the last two 
seasons. Miss Clayton is the author of four one-act comedies 
played in vaudeville houses, and has also written a number of 
successful songs. Miss Clayton is the wife of Francis Morey, 
who has been her leading man and manager since his first ap- 
pearance before the public. She is a member of the Professional 
Woman's League, and the Order of the Eastern Star. Her New 
York address is 1931 Madison avenue. 

CIIFFE, H. Cooper (H. Clifford Cooper) : 

Actor, was born in England July 19, 1862, and made his 
first appearance on the stage with a D'Oyly Carte company in 
1879 in the English provinces. He made his London debut in 
1881 in "Claude Duval," playing the part of Podge, at the Olym- 
pic Theatre. He was connected with Wilson Barrett for eight 
years, playing such roles as Captain Skinner in "The Silver 
King," Laertes in "The Lady of Lyons," and Grainger in "The 
Good Old Times." In 1886 he came to this country with that 
actor and made his first metropolitan appearance in "Claudian" 
at. the old Star Theatre in Union square. Three years later he 
again came to the United States, then returned to London to 
open the New Olympic Theatre in "The People's Idol" in 1890, 
and in 1902 made his third visit to America. He came here 
again with the Kendals in 1894 and subsequently was seen as 
Captain Temple in "Burmah" at the American Theatre, New 
York, and as Dudley Kepple in "One of the Best." He then 
joined Henry Irving's company, appearing in repertoire. In 1904 
he supported E. S. Willard on tour in America, and the season 
of 1906-7 was seen as the Earl of Kerhill in "The Squaw Man" 
with William Faversham. The season of 1907-8 he was engaged 
as support for Robert Mantell. 

COGHLAN, Miss Gertrude Evelyn (Mrs. Augustus Pitou, Jr.) : 
Actress, was born in England February 1, 1876, being the 
daughter of the late Charles Coghlan, the well-known actor, and 
niece of Miss Rose Coghlan. She was a student at the Art School 
of South Kensington, London, where she became proficient in 
black and white drawing and in water-color painting. Coming 
to this country with her father, Miss Coghlan made her first ap- 
pearance on any stage as Mion in "Diplomacy" at Detroit Janu- 
ary 16, 1893, when she was seventeen years old. She played 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 91 

Juliet in her fa:her's play, "The Royal Box," the season of 
1897-8 and three years later starred in the same play and in her 
father's version of "Becky Sharp." The season of 1904-5 she 
supported Mrs. Patrick Campbell, and then was seen in "Once 
Upon a Time," "The Sporting Duchess,' 1 and "One of Our Girls." 
The seasons of 1905-6-7-8 Miss Coghlan played Shirley Rossmore 
with the Western "Lion and the Mouse" company. She was mar- 
ried to Augustus Pitcu, Jr., a son of the well-known New York 
theatrical manager, on July 1, 1906. 

COGHLAN, Miss Rose (Mrs. John T. Sullivan) : 

Actress, was born in Peterborough, England, March 18, 1853. 
Her father was Francis Coghlan, publisher of Coghlan's Conti- 
nental Guides and a friend of Charles Dickens. Her brother 
was the lats Charles Coghlan, the well-known actor. Her sister- 
in-law, when Rose was little more than a child, put her on the 
stage, her first appearance being as one of the witches in "Mac- 
beth" in Greenwicii, Scotland. Soon afterward she won favor 
as Tilly Price in a stage version of "Nicholas Nickleby" at the 
Court Theatre on her first appearance in London. After she had 
played engagements with Adelaide Neilscn and J. L. Toole, E. A. 
Sothern brought her to this country in 1871, and she made her 
first appearance in a dramatization of "The Woman in White,'' 
by Wilkie ColLns. She then played a season with the Lydia 
Thompson English Burlesquers at Wallack's Theatre, New York. 
In 1873 she returned to England to support the late Charles 
Mathews. After a season with John Hare Miss Coghlan sup- 
ported Barry Sullivan, the tragedian, in Shakespearian parts, 
one of her principal roles being that of Viola in "Twelfth Night." 
She was in the original cast of "East Lynne" at the St. James's 
Theatre, and created the part of Lady Manden in "All for Her." 
In 1877 Miss Coghlan returned to this country to be leading 
woman of Lester Wallack's Theatre. Her first role was Clarissa 
Harlowe. Her greatest success during the nine years she re- 
mained with Wallack was as Stephanie in Herman Merrivale's 
"Forget-Me-Not." She also achieved distinction in "A Scrap of 
Paper," "The World," "The Silver King," and "Moths." The last 
performance of the famous stock company at Wallack's was on 
May 5, 1888, when Miss Coghlan played Lady Teazle in "Tho 
School for Scandal." She was also the Player Queen in the star 
cast which appeared in "Hamlet" May 21, 1887, to mark Lester 
Wallack's retirement from the stage. Returning to England in 
1892, Miss Coghlan played the Countess Zicka in a revival of 
"Diplomacy," and two years later was seen in this country in 
Oscar Wilde's "A Woman of No Importance." In 1895 Miss 



92 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Coghlan starred in "Diplomacy," and "Forget-Me-Not," her hus- 
band, John T. Sullivan, being her leading man. She obtained a 
divorce from him a few years ago. Later she was seen in 
"Ulysses" with Tyrone Power. The last two seasons Miss 
Coghlan starred in sketches in the vaudeville houses. In July, 
1902, Miss Coghlan became a naturalized American citizen, and 
engaged in stock raising on her ranch in Montana. 

COHAN, George M.: 

Actor, manager, and playwright, was born in Providence, 
R. I., July 4, 1878, where, ten years later, he made his profes- 
sional debut in a play written by his father, Jerry Cohan, and 
of which his mother, Helen Cohan, was the business manager 
and treasurer. A little later in the same season he began his 
musical career as a boy violin soloist in Haverstraw, N. Y. For 
two seasons following he toured the country with his father, 
mother, and sister in a play written by his father, called "The 
Two Barneys." The season of 1890 found George playing the 
Boy in "Peck's Bad Boy," after which the family entered the 
vaudeville field and became famous as "The Four Cohans." From 
this time on, Mr. Cohan's fame was assured. He turned out 
vaudeville sketches and songs with such rapidity that his ver- 
satility and untiring efforts caused amazement. His first real 
big effort as a play writer was "The Governor's Son," which for 
two seasons proved one of the most popular musical attractions 
in America. Mr. Cohan followed this success with another, 
"Running for Office." It was during the last season of this 
play that Mr. Cohan decided to become an independent star. 
For this tour he wrote "Little Johnny Jones" and became known 
as "The Yankee Doodle Comedian." He then wrote and pro- 
duced "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway," which attained such 
immense popularity that two companies were sent on tour. This 
success was followed that same season by "George Washington, 
Jr.," in which Mr. Cohan starred for a season and a half. Dur- 
ing this time, while playing every night and two matinees a 
week, Mr. Cohan rewrote "The Governor's Son," which he pre- 
sented on the Amsterdam roof in New York during the summer 
of 1906. For this production he composed new songs. Last year 
he busied himself on another manuscript, with the result that 
"Fifty Miles from Boston" was cradled at Springfield, Mass.,. 
March 28. As soon as "Fifty Miles from Boston" was fairly 
launched, Mr. Cohan immediately started work on a summer en- 
tertainment for the Amsterdam Theatre roof, which resulted in 
"The Honeymooners," a three-act musical farce, which was first 
presented at Atlantic City May 29, and enjoyed an all-summer 




GEORGE M. COHAN 



94 WH&'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

run in New York. During this engagement, in his spare mo- 
ments Mr. Cohan finished "The Talk of New York," a new play 
for Victor Moore. Having been divorced from Ethel Levey, his 
former wife, Mr. Cohan married Agnes Nolan, of Brookline, 
Mass., formerly a member of his company, June 29, 1907. 

COLLIEK, William: 

Actor, was born in 1868. When he was ten years old he 
ran away from school to join a juvenile "Pinafore" company, 
from which he received a salary of three dollars and fifty cents 
a week, with one dollar and fifty cents extra for handling bag- 
gage. In the company he was understudy for Arthur Dunn, who 
played Dick Deadeye, but before the season closed Collier had 
gone on for nearly every part in the opera, including Josephine 
and Little Buttercup. Although his parents were players, they 
forced the boy to go to school until 1882, when he got a place 
as call boy at Augustin Daly's Theatre. During the six years he 
stayed there he played several small parts, among them being 
the Page in "Taming of the Shrew," Starveling in "A Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream," and Simple in "The Merry Wives of Wind' 
sor." In the character of a dude, and without a line to speak, 
in "Samson and Goliath," Mr. Collier appeared to such advan- 
tage that he was engaged by John Russell, manager of "The City 
Directory" company, and opened in the parts of the Elevator 
Boy and the Stage Manager. In the latter he had only six lines 
to speak, but he developed the character until it became the 
principal one in the piece. He could not. do a step of dancing, 
but, finding it necessary, practised until he became one of the 
most original dancers on the stage. Mr. Collier for years played 
eccentric comedy parts in the Hoyt farces, and it was not until 
1901 that he became a star. His work in "The Man from Mex- 
ico" and in "Mr. Smooth" led to his appearance as such in that 
year at the Madison Square Theatre, New York, February 11, in 
"On the Quiet," by Augustus Thomas. Mr. Collier played this 
comedy for two seasons, and then joined the forces of Weber 
& Fields at their New York music hall. Subsequently he took 
"On the Quiet" to London, where he was successful. Returning 
to this country, Mr. Collier was starred in several comedies 
which failed. In the spring of 1906 he sailed with his own com- 
pany for Australia, after an exciting experience in San Fran- 
cisco during the earthquake and fire. The season of 1907-8 Mr. 
Collier starred in his own comedy, "Caught in the Rain." Some 
years ago Mr. Collier married Louise Allen, a comedy actress, 
who appeared with him in many of his successes. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 95 

COMSTOCK, Miss Nanette (Mrs. Frank Burbeck) : 

Actress, was born in Albany, N. Y., and was educated at 
the public schools there, making her first stage appearance on 
September 12, 1887, at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New 
York, as the Telegraph Operator in Hoyt's "A Hole in the 
Ground." After playing Kate in "Kerry" at the Madison Square 
Theatre, New York, she entered a school of acting, but at the 
end of three months appeared with Nat C. Goodwin as Una 
Foxwood in "A Gold Mine" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre March 
4, 1889. In August of that year she was seen in "Beetle's Baby" 
with Kate Claxton at the Madison Square Theatre, and the fol- 
lowing month in "Shenandoah" at the old Star Theatre, playing 
Madeleine West. In 1891 she supported W. J. Scanlon in "Ma- 
vourneen," and in October of the following year appeared at the 
Standard Theatre, New York, as Valentine in "The Family Cir- 
cle." She was seen at the same playhouse in "No. 3A," and in 
the original production of "Charley's Aunt" in 1893. She visited 
London in 1895, making her debut there in "The Girl I Left 
Behind Me," succeeding Marie Montrose in the leading role at 
the Adelphi Theatre. Following this engagement she returned 
to America and was seen at the Garden Theatre, New York, in 
"Heart's Ease" January 11, 1897. She made another short visit 
to London, and upon her return to New York in May, 1898, ap- 
peared again in "Shenandoah." The season of 1899-1900 Miss 
Comstock toured with Otis Skinner in "The Liars," that of 
1900-1 co-starred with Howard Kyle in "Lovers' Lane" and "Na- 
than Hale," and appeared with John Mason in "The Altar of 
Friendship" the season of 1901-2. Subsequently she was seen 
with William Collier in "The Diplomat," with Dustin Farnum 
in "The Virginian," again with Mr. Collier in "Personal" and 
"The Dictator," and then starred in "The Crisis" the season of 
1904-5. On January 22, 1906, she appeared as Grace Whitney 
in "The Galloper" with Raymond Hitchcock at the Garden Thea- 
tre, New York. She was the Shirley Rossmore in the London 
production of "The Lion and the Mouse," and the seasons of 
1906-7-8 was with William Collier in "Caught in the Rain." 

CONNOLLY, Miss Sadie: 

Actress, was born in New York City and made her first 
appearance there in vaudeville in 1875. The same year at the 
old Bowery Theatre, under the management of George L. Fox, 
she played a small part in "Pocahontas." She then joined Fore- 
paugh's circus and remained with that organization sixteen 
years, during which she was known as the champion chariot 
driver. Then, after a season with the Cincinnati Hippodrome, 



96 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

she adopted the legitimate stage, and for six consecutive sea- 
sons she played Mrs. Laflin in "Yon Yonson" with Gus Heege, 
under the management of Jacob Litt. Then for three seasons 
she played Mrs. Crowley in "Quincy Adams Sawyer," the first 
engagement in New York with that piece opening at the Acad- 
emy ef Music in 1902. Since that time Miss Connolly has been 
playing in "The Shadows of a Great City." 

CONQUEST. Hiss Ida: 

Actress, was born in Boston in 1870, and made her first 
appearance in a small part in "The Harvest" at the Fifth Ave- 
nue Theatre, New York, January 28, 1893. The following year 
she played Constance in "The Transgressor," and Nanine in 
"Camille" with Miss Olga Nethersole at Palmer's Theatre, New 
York. She then joined the Empire Theatre company, making 
ner first appearance as Clarice in "The Masqueraders" Decem- 
ber 3, 1894. At the same theatre she also played Rose Gibhard 
in "Michael and His Lost Angel," Musette in "Bohemia," and 
leading parts in "Under the Red Robe," "A Man and His Wife," 
"The Conquerors," "The Tyranny of Tears," and "Richard Car- 
vel." She also played in "The Sins of the Fathers" at the Gar- 
rick Theatre, New York, in the spring of 1897. The following 
season she played in London, England, in "Too Much Johnson." 
After a season in "Because She Loved Him So" she returned to 
the Empire Theatre, New York, as leading woman to John 
Drew, appearing as Muriel Mannering in "The Second in Com- 
mand." In 1903 Miss Conquest played Helena in "A Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream" with Nat Goodwin at the New Amsterdam 
Theatre, New York, and the following year she was with Richard 
Mansfield in "Ivan the Terrible," "Beau Brummel," "A Parisian 
Romance," "Old Heidelberg," "Beaucaire" and other plays of his 
repertoire. She played Grace Harkaway in a revival of "Lon- 
don Assurance" at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, in 
1905, and the fall of the same year she was with William Collier 
in "On the Quiet." The spring of 1906 Miss Conquest played 
Anne Whitfield in "Man and Superman" at the Hudson Theatre, 
New York, and the following September was in "The Judge and 
the Jury" at the Savoy Theatre, New York. On November 5, the 
same year, she appeared with Kyrle Bellew in "Brigadier Ge- 
rard," which ran through the season, and on September 16, 1907, 
was seen in "The Spell" with David Kessler. 

CONBIED, Hemrich: 

Manager and Metropolitan Opera House director, was born 
at Bielitz, Silesia, Austria, on September 13, 1855, being the son 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 97 

of Joseph and Gretchen Conried. His father was the proprietor 
of a large yarn factory. He made his debut at the Burg Thea- 
tre, Vienna, on February 23, 1873. He remained there for over 
two years, and then went to the National Theatre in Berlin, 
When Dr. Foerster became chief stage manager of the Leipzig 
Stadt Theatre he engaged Mr. Conried to play leading roles. He 
was not twenty-one when he became manager of the Stadt Thea- 
tre at Bremen. His success there was so marked that it at- 
tracted the attention of Adolph Neuendorff, then manager of the 
Germania Theatre, New York, and he engaged Mr. Conried as 
chief stage manager. Thus it was in 1878 that Mr. Conried first 
faced an American audience. In 1881 he was engaged as stage 
director of the Thalia Theatre, and soon afterward he under- 
took its management with Karl Hermann. In 1882 he became 
artistic manager of the Casino, New York, "Nanon," "Amorita," 
"The Gypsy Baron," "Poor Jonathan," and "Apollo" being pro- 
duced there under his direction. In 1893 he took the manage- 
ment of the Irving Place Theatre (then known as Amberg's 
Theatre). Up to February 23, 1898, when he celebrated the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of his entrance on the stage, he had 
presented two hundred and seventy plays at the Irving Place 
Theatre. In 1904, when Maurice Grau retired as director of the 
Metropolitan Opera House, Mr. Conried was chosen by the stock- 
holders to become his successor. Mr. Conried married in New 
York, in 1888, Augusta Sperling. He is a graduate of the 
Obercalschule, Vienna, and has received the degree of A.M. from 
the University of Pennsylvania. He has been decorated with 
the Order of the Crown by Germany, the Crown of Knighthood 
of the Franz Josef Order by Austria, the Order of Art and Sci- 
ence by Italy and Belgium, and the Order of the Crown by the 
King of Italy. He is a member of the Board of Germanic Lan- 
guages and Literature of Harvard University and Vassar Col- 
lege. He lives at 65 West Seventy-first street, New York, and 
has a summer home at Asbury Park, N. J. 

CORBETT, James J.: 

Actor, was born in San Francisco in September, 1866. Hia 
father, Patrick Corbett, came from Ireland in 1854 and settled 
in New Orleans. He married in 1858 and went to San Francisco. 
James J. Corbett was graduated at the age of sixteen from the 
Sacred Heart College in San Francisco and obtained a place as 
a clerk in the Nevada Bank, where he remained until, as a 
member of the Olympic Athletic Club, he developed remarkable 
skill as a boxer. Becoming a professional pugilist, he attained 
extraordinary popularity and became the champion heavyweight 



98 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

of the world by knocking out John L. Sullivan in New Orleans 
September 7, 1892. After playing in vaudeville sketches and 
athletic parts in various plays, he made his first appearance on 
the stage as a star in a play written for him and called "Gentle- 
man Jack" in Elizabeth, N. J., October 2, 1892. Since then he 
has appeared chiefly in sketches at vaudeville houses. In the 
fall of 1905 Mr. Corbett appeared in "Cashel Byron's Profes- 
sion," by George Bernard Shaw, at Daly's Theatre, New York, 
but the play was a failure. The seasons of 1906-7-8 Mr. Corbett 
starred in "The Burglar and the Lady." 

"CORINNE" (Corinne Belle De Briou) : 

Actress, was born in New Orleans, La., on Christmas Day, 
1873, her father being Henri De Briou. Her parents were in no 
way connected with the stage. Corinne made her first appear- 
ance at the Boston Museum, Boston, Mass., May 12, 1878, play- 
ing Buttercup in "Pinafore," under the management of Murphy 
and MacDonald. When she was six years old she was starred 
in the part of Cinderella, and when seven years old played the 
title role in "Olivette." From that time until she was thirteen 
years old she starred in comic opera, playing the prima donna 
roles in many standard operas, including "The Mascotte," "Mi- 
kado," "Chimes of Normandy" (Serpolette), "Girofle-Girofla." 
and "Princess of Trebizonde" (Prince Raphael). After that she 
starred in the musical comedies "Bijou," "Ritz," and "Capers." 
She then played Carmen in Bizet's opera, and the star parts in 
"Boccaccio," "La Perichole," "The Little Trooper," "The Ameri- 
can Beauty," "Monte Cristo," "Arcadia," "Carmen Up to Date." 
She played Selim in "Blue Beard," and Dolores in "Florodora." 
She made her first marked success as an adult in "The China 
Doll," under the management of Alfred E. Aarons. Recently she 
fulfilled a three years' engagement with Klaw and Erlanger, ap- 
pearing as Colin in "Mother Goose" and as Alice O'Grady, the 
leading r61e, with the "Rogers Brothers in Ireland." In the 
summer of 1905 she played a special engagement on the New 
Amsterdam Theatre roof, New York, and the season of 1906-7 
she played Mary in "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway." The 
season of 1907-8 she was in vaudeville. Her home is at 236 
West Fifty-fifth street, New York City. 

CORTHELL, Herbert: 

Actor, was born in Boston, Mass., and began his stage career 
In stock companies in New England. In 1900 he joined the 
Proctor Stock Company at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, 
and played a round of comedy roles for two years. He then 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 99 

joined the Musical Comedy Stock Company at Atlanta, Ga., and 
afterward toured in a musical farce called "Hunting for Haw- 
kins." Then followed a tour in "Sarchiights of a Great City." 
The season of 1905-6 Mr. Corthell was the Prince Plump in "The 
White Cat" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, and the 
following season he played Billy Ashe in "The Galloper" with 
Raymond Hitchcock. He was then seen as Billy Saunders in 
"Strongheart" with Robert Edeson. The season of 1907-8 he 
supported Lillian Russell in "Wildfire." 

COBRIGAN, Emmett (Anthony P. Zilles) : 

Actor, was born in Amsterdam, Holland, June 5, 1868, being 
the son of Hubert Zilles. He was educated at St. Joseph's Col- 
lege, Baltimore, Md., and made his first appearance on the stage 
in 1884 at the Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, in "Esmerelda, 
the Cigar Girl of Cuba." He later joined the Charles Frohman 
Stock Company, playing in "Men and Women," "The Lost Para- 
dise," "The Girl I Left Behind Me," "Diplomacy," etc. He was 
then seen in "Roger La Honte" at Niblo's Garden and with Nat 
C. Goodwin in "In Mizzoura." For two years he was leading 
man with the Dearborn Stock Company in Chicago, and left that 
organization to assume the leading role in Klaw and Erlanger's 
production of "Ben Hur." The next year he went into vaude- 
ville, appearing in a one-act play for three seasons, at the end 
of which he was seen in the title part in "The Prince of India," 
produced at the Broadway Theatre, New York, September 24, 
1906, under Klaw and Erlanger's management. He has been seen 
also in "The Ghetto," "Bauble Shop" with John Drew, and "A 
Southern Romance." Mr. Corrigan returned to vaudeville in the 
summer of 1907. He married Florence Le Grand Foster. He is a 
member of The Lambs and The Players clubs. His favorite rec- 
reations are automobiling and yachting. His home is at Bricks- 
port, Me. 

COULTER, Frazer: 

Actor, was born at Smiths Falls, near Kingston, Canada, 
August 20, 1848. He adopted the stage permanently in 1875, hav- 
ing previously played in several amateur performances and in a 
few scattered legitimate productions. His early stage training 
was a varied one, appearances with Mrs. Sheridan Shook as 
Joseph Surface in "Lady Teazle," as Phileas Fogg in "Around 
the World in Eighty Days" at the old Niblo's Garden, the leading 
juvenile role in Mrs. Bartley Campbell's "The Vigilantes," and 
support of stars like John Owens, John Gilbert, Lawrence Bar- 
rett, Fanny Davenport and Frederick Warde giving him a lib- 



100 WHO'S WHO OA T THE STAGE 

eral education. In 1879-80 he was with Stuart Robson and 
William H. Crane, appearing with them in "A Comedy of Er- 
rors," "Sharps and Flats" and other of the earlier plays which 
made Crane and Robson so successful as a team. Mr. Coulter 
played the part of Lord Travers in the original production of 
"Hazel Kirke" and supported Thomas W. Keene as leading 
heavy man in that actor's first starring tour. In 1882 he was a 
member of the Boston Theatre stock company, appearing there 
as the Spider in "The Silver King." He was Miss Rose Coghlan's 
leading man the first year she appeared as a star, and then for 
two years was a member of the famous Boston Museum stock 
company, appearing there with Richard Mansfield in the origi- 
nal production of "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." In a period of 
two consecutive weeks at the Boston Museum he played fourteen 
different roles, a new one every night. He played in "Harbor 
Lights" in its seventeen weeks' run in Boston and was the Count 
Orloff of "Diplomacy" in its production at the Herald Square 
Theatre in New York. Later appearances have been in "Sport- 
ing Life" at the Academy of Music, New York, and with Robert 
Edeson. In the spring of 1906 he played ex- Judge Stott in "The 
Lion and the Mouse" in its long run at the Lyceum Theatre, 
New York, and continued in the same part the season of 1907-8. 

COTINTISS, Miss Cathrine (Mrs. E. D. Prioe) : 

Actress, was born in Texas, being the daughter of Judge and 
Mrs. T. J. Crooks, of Denison. She was educated in a Maryland 
convent, and after graduating from a dramatic school in New 
York made her first stage appearance in a small part with the 
Murray Hill Stock Company in that city in 1901. She advanced 
to leading woman in such plays as "The Village Postmaster," 
"Arizona," and "Prince Otto." For two seasons she was leading 
woman with the Columbia Stock Company in Portland, Ore., 
and for one season with Keith's Bijou Stock Company in Phila- 
delphia. She was then starred for forty weeks as Glory Quayle 
in "The Christian" on the Pacific Coast. On the production of 
"Mrs. Warren's Profession" at the Manhattan Theatre, New 
York, in the spring of 1907, Miss Countiss played Vivie, Mrs. 
Warren's daughter. The season of 1907-8 she appeared in vaude- 
ville. Miss Countiss was married to Edward D. Price, the the- 
atrical manager, at Mount Vernon, N. Y., June 30, 1907. 

COTJRTENAY, William Leonard: 

Actor, was born in Worcester, Mass., June 19, 1875, and was 
educated at Holy Cross College in that city. He made his first 
appearance when sixteen years old in a traveling company at 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 101 

Portland, Me. He remained with them a year and then joined 
the Milton and Dollie Nobles company in "The Phoenix." He 
became a member of the late Richard Mansfield's repertoire 
company in 1896 and during three years' engagement with that 
actor appeared in "The Merchant of Venice" as Lorenzon in 
"Prince Karl" as Howard Briggs, and in "A Parisian Romance" 
as Vaumartin. He appeared for over two seasons with Daniel 
Frohman's stock company at Daly's Theatre, New York, and 
then with the Empire Theatre company in "The Twin Sister" 
and several other plays. The season of 1902-3 he was leading 
man with Virginia Harned in "Iris," and "Camille." The sum- 
mers of 1902 and 1903 he played in stock at Albany, N. Y., and 
the season of 1904-5 joined the Harry Davis Stock Company in 
Pittsburg, Pa. He left this organization to create the role of 
Walter Corbin in "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots," produced at the Ly- 
ceum Theatre, New York, and was also seen in the revival of 
"Trilby" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, as Little 
Billee. The season of 1905-6 he was again seen in "Mrs. Leffing- 
well's Boots," and that of 1906-7 in "The Love Route" with Miss 
Odette Tyler, and in "The Love Letter" with Miss Harned. The 
summer of 1907 he led his own stock company in Albany, N. Y. 
The fall of 1907 he was seen with the late Clara Bloodgood in 
"The Truth," and upon that actress's death was engaged for the 
role of the Duke of Cluny in Channing Pollock's "The Secret 
Orchard," produced December 23, 1907. 

COTJRTLEIGH, William: 

Actor, was born in Guelph, Ontario, in 1876, and was reared 
and educated in St. Louis, Mo. While studying law at Wash- 
ington University he became a member of the McCullough Club, 
an amateur dramatic organization, and before he was twenty 
years old he had attracted attention as an amateur actor. The 
manager of a road company, impressed by Mr. Courtleigh's tal- 
ents, offered him a place and asked him to construct a melo- 
drama from a scenario he already had in hand. Mr. Courtleigh 
built the play (it was called "Brother and Sister"), gave up his 
law books and signed a contract with the manager. After a sea- 
son with John Dillon's company, Fanny Davenport engaged Mr. 
Courtleigh to play the roles of Jean de Sereux in "Fedora," and 
Thyseno in "Cleopatra." He also had an important part in "La 
Tosca," and it was in Miss Davenport's company that he first 
appeared in Broadway, New York. His next engagement was 
with Augustin Daly's stock company, he appearing with that 
organization in "Taming of the Shrew" and in "The Foresters" 
with Ada Rehan. He succeeded Robert Hilliard as the hero of 



102 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Blue Jeans," played the leading role in "In Old Kentucky," and 
was leading man for Helen Dauvray in "That Sister of His" in 
succession, and then followed Wilton Lackaye in the principal 
role in "The District Attorney." He was the John Swiftwind 
of "Northern Lights," the first of the Indian plays. With the 
company of Margaret Mather and E. J. Henley he played Posthu- 
mus in "Cymbeline," Romeo to Miss Mather's Juliet, Rudolph in 
"Leah," and Orlando in "As You Like It." After appearing in 
the title role in "The Man of Honor" he was engaged by Daniel 
Frohman for the Lyceum Theatre Stock Company. He first ap- 
peared at the Lyceum in "The Princess and the Butterfly," and 
when James K. Hackett became ill Mr. Courtleigh took his place 
in the leading role in that play. After appearing in "The Tree 
of Knowledge," "Sporting Life," and "Trelawney of the Wells," 
he supported William H. Crane in "A Rich Man's Son," and was 
the King Charles of Henrietta Crosman's production of "Mistress 
Nell." He also played John Ridd in the production of "Lorna 
Doone," which ran eight weeks at the Grand Opera House, Chi- 
cago. He next starred in "Lost River," supported Virginia 
Harned in "Alice of Old Vincennes," and Maxine Elliott in "Her 
Own Way." He also supported Clara Bloodgood in "The Coronet 
of the Duchess," and James K. Hackett in "The Fortunes of the 
King." In the summers of 1904 and 1905 he headed stock com- 
panies in Providence, R. I., and Boston, Mass. In 1906, after 
being featured in the unsuccessful "The Redemption of David 
Corson" and playing Charles Hawtrey's part in "The Lucky Miss 
Dean," he went into vaudeville with R. C. MacCulloch's one-act 
play, "The Third Degree." In this Mr. Courtleigh assumed eight 
different roles. The season of 1907-8 he played "Peaches," by 
G. V. Hobart, in vaudeville. Mr. Courtleigh is married, and has 
a son, William Courtleigh, Jr. He is president of the Actors' 
Society of America and a member of The Players, The Lambs, 
and Green Room Club. His home is at 304 Second avenue, New 
York. 

COWLES, Eugene: 

Opera singer and actor, was born in Stanstead, Quebec, Can- 
ada, being the son of Dr. C. W. Cowles. He went to Chicago as 
a youth, to become a clerk in the First National Bank. While 
there he sang in church choirs. In 1888 he joined the Bostonians 
at Ford's Theatre, Baltimore, making his first appearance on 
the professional stage as Squire Bantam in Stevenson and Cel- 
lier's comic opera, "Dorothy." For ten years Mr. Cowles sang 
the principal basso parts with the Bostonians making his most 
noted success as Will Scarlett in Smith and De Koven's "Robin 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 103 

Hood." On the dissolution of the organization Mr. Cowles be- 
came leading man of the Alice Nielsen Opera Company, playing 
in "The Fortune Teller" in 1898. He also sang in grand opera 
in London, and upon his return to America appeared with his 
own company in concert. He has supported Fritzi Scheff in 
"Babette," and numerous other operatic stars. His last engage- 
ment was with Marie Cahill. He has composed many songs, the 
best known being "Forgotten," "Once in a Purple Twilight," 
and "Crossing the Bar." Mr. Cowles married Miss Louise 
Cleary, May 23, 1898. His home is in Derby Line, Vt. 

COYNE, Joseph: 

Actor, was born in New York City March 27, 1870, and made 
his first appearance at Niblo's Garden when he was only thir- 
teen years old in the spectacle "Excelsior." He then went into 
vaudeville with a partner named Evans for more than ten years. 
Early in 1895 he appeared as Corrigan in "The District Attor- 
ney" at the Garrick Theatre, New York, and two years later was 
seen in "The Good Mr. Best" and in "A Stranger in New York," 
playing the latter over two years. In 1899 he played in "The 
Girl from the Barracks" at the Garrick Theatre, New York, and 
two years later he went to London to play in "The Girl from Up 
There" with Miss Edna May. Afterward he was with Francis 
Wilson in "The Toreador" for two seasons, and then followed a 
term with the Rogers Brothers. He was the Percy Van Alstyne 
in "In Newport" at the Savoy, New York, early in 1905, and 
later in the season he was in "Abigail" and in 'The Rollicking 
Girl." In April, 1906, he played Artie Endicott in "The Social 
Whirl" at the Casino Theatre, New York, leaving that to appear 
as Trooper Smith in "My Lady's Maid." In the spring of 1907 
Mr. Coyne played Billy Ricketts in "Nelly Neil" with Miss Edna 
May at the Aldwych Theatre, London. 

CRABTREE, Miss Charlotte (Lotta) : 

Actress was born in Grand street, New York, November 7, 
1847. Her father and mother had emigrated from Lancashire, 
England. Previous to going to San Francisco, in 1851, her father 
kept a bookstore in Nassau street. When she was nine years old 
Lotta began singing in public resorts in California settlements, 
her first appearance being at Laporte, in Rabbit Valley, Sierra 
County, at a conccert given by an amateur violinist, an Italian 
named Bona. Her first real appearance as an actress was at 
Petaluma, in 1858, as Gertrude in "The Loan of a Lover." For 



104 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

two or three years following she traveled about California with 
her mother, both being members of a vaudeville troupe. In San 
Francisco, as a child, she appeared at Wilrert's Melodeon, her 
usual reward being a shower of gold pieces flung to the stage 
by the miners in the audience. Her earliest successes were made 
as Paul in "The Pet in Petticoats," as Liddy Larrigan in "Fam- 
ily Jars," and as Little Nell in "The Old Curiosity Shop." Lot- 
ta's first appearance in New York was at Niblo's Garden in 1864. 
Three years later she leaped into popularity as the feature of a 
summer season at Wallack's playing the Marchioness to the 
Dick Swiveller of J. C. Williamson. Then followed seasons of 
great success at Niblo's, the Olympic and at Booth's Theatre. In 
1883 Lotta visited London, playing "Musette" there December 
22, under the management of Harry Jackson, at the Opera Co- 
mique. This was a failure, but a month later she gained ap- 
preciation in Little Nell and the Marchioness. Prominent 
among the many parts played by Lotta were Fanny Gribbles in 
"An Object of Interest," Tartarin in "The Seven Sisters," Jen- 
nie Leatherlungs in "Jennie Lind," Judy in "Ireland as It Was," 
Sam Willoughby in "The Ticket-of-Leave Man," Captain Klopper 
in "Catching the Governor," Andy Blake in "The Female Detect- 
ive," Nancy in "Irish Assurance," Kip, La Cigale, Pocahontas, 
Fanchon, Dick Wastrell in "Old London," and Nan in "Nan, the 
Good for Nothing." Lotta met with a serious accident while 
playing in Newark, N. J., in 1890, and has now practically re- 
tired from the stage. Her home is at 59 West Fifty-first street, 
New York. She has a summer place at Lake Hopatcong, N. J. 

CEAIG, Miss Edith (Edith Wardell) : 

Actress and stage director, was born in England December 
9, 1869, being the daughter of Ellen Terry, the actress, and her 
second husband, Charles C. Wardell (Kelly), and the sister of 
the actor Gordon Craig. She made her first appearance on the 
stage with Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, London, but 
of late has been chiefly occupied in designing theatrical cos- 
tumes, most noted among which have been her mother's dress 
for her appearance as Queen Katherine in "Henry VIII," and 
all the costumes in Mrs. Langtry's special production of "Madame 
Mars" in 1902, and Mrs. Brown Potter's production of "Du 
Barry" at the Savoy Theatre, London, in 1905. In 1907 Miss 
Craig came to America as her mother's business representative 
and stage manager, and incidentally appeared in the role of 
Saart in "The Good Hope." She returned to London with Miss 
Terry to superintend that actress's productions. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 105 

CRANE, Miss Edith (Mrs. Tyrone Power) : 

Actress, was born in New York City in 1865. She made her 
first appearance on the stage with Kate Claxton in "Bootle's 
Baby," playing the leading role. Later she became a member 
of Augustin Daly's company, supporting Ada Rehan. Subse- 
quently she joined Daniel Frohman's organization at the Lyceum 
Theatre, New York. In 1886 Miss Crane appeared in London at 
the Princess's Theatre in "The Texan," returning to America 
soon afterward to appear in "Trilby" under the management of 
A. M. Palmer, who later starred her in that play through Aus- 
tralia. She was then seen in "Roaring Dick & Co." at Palmer's 
Theatre, New York, with Maurice Barrymore. In 1900 she 
played Miladi in E. H. Sothern's production of "The Three 
Musketeers." The following year she went on a starring tour 
to Australia with Tyrone Power, appearing in "Tess of the 
D'Urbervilles," "Nadjesda," and "The Only Way." She returned 
to America and was seen in David Belasco's productions oC 
"Sweet Kitty Bellairs" and "Adrea." Miss Crane married Ty- 
rone Power, the actor, in 1898. Her New York address is 58 
West Sixty-eighth street. 

CKANE, William H.: 

Actor, was born in Leicester, Mass., April 30, 1845. His fam- 
ily soon afterward moved to Boston, and there, at the old Brim- 
mer School, which overlooks the stage entrance to the Hollis 
Street Theatre, the boy Crane was sent to be educated. He was 
better at mimicking his fellows and his teacher than at his les- 
sons, because he would mimic and would not study. One vaca- 
tion his father got him a job in a music publishing house. 
Nothing seemed to go right in the store after Crane entered it. 
All of the employes appeared to have a great deal to do in the 
basement. The proprietor found that young Crane was the mag- 
net. As often as he could, the youth would give imitations of 
the actors he had seen, for he was passionately fond of the 
theatre, and would sing the songs which were popular at the 
time. He lost his job. One day a playmate asked him if he 
could sing. Crane said, "Yes." "Come and see my mother, then," 
said the boy "and maybe you can come with us. We are actors." 
The boy's mother was Mrs. Harriet Holman, who had been a 
celebrated actress in her time. She had formed a little com- 
pany of her own, and used to tour the country presenting a 
repertoire of plays, farces, pantomimes and operettas. In the 
company were three of her own children. Perugini was also a 
member, and so were William Davidge, Jr.; Charles Drew and 
o;hers who became prominent on the stage. After Mrs. Holman 



106 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

had heard Crane sing she sent for his father, and the result was 
that the youth was apprenticed to her, he to give his services 
in return for his training and board. Crane made his first ap- 
pearance in public in Mechanics' Hall, Utica, N. Y., on July 13, 
1863, as the Notary in "The Daughter of the Regiment." For 
eight years he remained with the Holmac company, and it was 
eight years of hard work. In those days a bill of an evening 
would, as a rule, include a little farce, a comedy, a pantomime 
and a one-act operetta, and in addition to appearing in all of 
them Crane would sing and dance between acts. Leaving the 
Holmans, Crane became the low comedian of the Alice Dates 
company. Mr. Crane believes that Mrs. Gates was the first to 
start the musical comedy idea. She would insert in some of the 
comedies airs from the operas, and her success was pronounced. 
Between seasons with this company Crane went to Boston, and 
was the first of many comedians to play the part of Le Blanc 
in "Evangeline." After being low comedian in the Hooley Stock 
Company, of Chicago, Crane took a part in a play called "Our 
Boarding-house," produced at the Park Theatre in New York. 
In the company Crane met Stuart Robson. At the end of the 
season the two men decided to star together, which they did 
with success for a number of years. They made a number of 
important productions and staged "The Comedy of Errors," "The 
Merry Wives of Windsor" and other classical plays. Years ago 
the best seats in the theatres around the country were sold for 
a dollar. Robson and Crane made the first advance on this 
price while they were presenting "The Comedy of Errors." They 
made the price of the best seats for their performances a dollar 
and a quarter. One of their best remembered successes was 
"The Henrietta." The actors separated in 1889 since which time 
Mr. Crane has devoted himself exclusively to the production of 
American plays. Among these have been "Newport," by Clinton 
Stuart; "The Senator," by David D. Lloyd and Sydney Rosen- 
feld; "On Probation," by George H. Jessop and Brander Mat- 
thews; "For Money," by Clay M. Greene and Augustus Thomas; 
"The American Minister," by Paul M. Potter; "Brother John," 
by Martha Morton; "The Pacific Mail," by Paul M. Potter; "His 
Wife's Father," by Martha Morton; "A Fool of Fortune," by 
Martha Morton; "A Virginia Courtship," by E. W. Presbrey; 
"Worth a Million," by Mr. Presbrey; "The Head of the Family," 
by Clyde Fitch and Leo Ditrichstein; "Peter Stuyvesant," by 
Brander Matthews and Bronson Howard; "A Rich Man's Son," 
by Michael Morton; "David Harum," a dramatization of tha 
novel; "The Spenders," a dramatization of the novel; "Business 
Is Business," by Octave Mirabeau, and "The American Lord," 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 107 

by George H. Broadhurst and C. T. Dazey, the last-named of 
which he appeared in at the Hudson Theatre, New York, in the 
spring of 1906. On August 29, 1906, Mr. Crane created the part 
of Joseph Trimblett in "The Price of Money," a comedy by Al- 
fred Sutro, produced at the Garrick Theatre, New York. The 
season of 1907-8 he starred in "Father and the Boys," by George 
Ade. Mr. Crane is a member of many clubs, including The 
Lambs and The Players. 

CRESSY, Will M.: 

Actor and playwright, was born at Bradford, N. H., October 
29, 1863. Before going on the stage he was successively a car- 
penter, machinist, marine engineer, watchmaker, commercial 
traveler, and hotel clerk. He made his first appearance at 
South Norwalk, Conn., September 19, 1889, playing six small 
parts in "The White Caps." After engagements in the "Uncle 
Hiram," "Busy Day," and "Little Nugget" companies he joined 
Denman Thompson, playing Cy Prime in "The Old Homestead" 
for six years. He went into vaudeville December 19, 1900, and 
has since remained there, his most successful sketches being 
"Grasping an Opportunity," "The Key of C," "A Village Law- 
yer," "Bill Biffin's Baby," "The New Depot," "Town Hall," and 
"The Wyoming Whoop." In these he has been assisted by his 
wife, Blanche Dayne, whom he married January 19, 1890. Miv 
Cressy is the author of one hundred and one one-act plays. He 
is the president of the Vaudeville Club and a member of the 
Green Room Club, The Lambs, and the Brooklyn Yacht Club. 
His recreations are automobiling, fishing and farming. His 
home is at 24 South street, Concord, N. H., and his summer 
place at Cressy's Island, Lake Sunapee, N. H. 

CHEWS, Miss Laura Hope: 

Actress, was born in San Francisco and educated at the 
State Normal School there. Her first appearance upon the stage 
was at the age of four as a singer and dancer at Woodward's 
Garden, San Francisco; later, under the management of Joseph 
R. Grismer, being featured as a child actress in "Editha's Burg- 
lar" and other similar plays. She left the stage for a while, 
continuing her studies at the State Normal School, and in 1898 
joined Frederick Belasco's Alcazar Stock Company in her native 
city, rising steadily from a wordless part to that of ingenue. 
She remained with that organization two years, and then came 
East, joining the Murray Hill Stock Company, New York, under 
Henry V. Donnelly, as ingenue. Her good work advanced her to 



108 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

leading woman, which position she held for a year and a half, 
finally supporting Eleanor Robson in "Merely Mary Ann," in 
which she scored her first marked success. She succeeded San- 
dol Milliken in "Hanson's Folly" with Robert Edeson, and then 
supported Henry Miller in "Joseph Entangled," with whom she 
has been ever since. In 1906 she originated the role of Polly 
Jordan in "The Great Divide" at the Princess Theatre, New 
York, and played it during the seasons of 1906-7-8. She also ap- 
peared in vaudeville for a short time with Robert T. Haines 
and Mr. Miller. Miss Crews's favorite recreations are reading, 
music and swimming. Her permanent address is Le Marquis 
Hotel, New York. 

CKICHTON, Miss Madge: 

Actress, was born in Scarborough, England, October 31, 1881, 
made her first appearance in the title role of "The French Maid," 
and later was engaged for the principal female part in a pro- 
duction of "Cinderella." She finally joined George Edwardes's 
touring companies, appearing in "The Toreador," and "The Mes- 
senger Boy." In 1902 she came to London, and at short notice 
played the leading role on the opening night in "Three Little 
Maids/' scoring a marked success. She then came to the United 
States, playing leads in "Kitty Grey," "The Girl from Kay's," 
and "Three Little Maids." Upon returning to London Miss 
Crichton appeared as Lady Madcap at the Prince of Wales's Thea- 
tre, and in 1905 she succeeded the principal in "The Catch of 
the Season" at the Vaudeville Theatre, London. Early in 1906 
she joined Cyril Maude's company at the Waldorf Theatre there, 
and was seen as Cicely Homespun in "The Heir at Law." She 
made her second visit to New York in the fall of that year, ap- 
pearing in "My Lady's Maid," the American version of "Lady 
Madcap." The piece was shortly afterward withdrawn, and for 
a time she appeared in "The Tourists." Miss Crichton's home 
is at Crickside, East Liversey, Surrey, London. 

CRISPI, Miss Ida (Ida Graham) : 

Actress and singer, was born in England and first attracted 
attention in companies managed by George Edwardes, playing 
such parts as Mimosa in "The Geisha," the Princess in "The 
Country Girl," and Angela in "Florodora." She came to this 
country in 1905, making a specialty of English "slavey" parts. 
Her first appearance in New York was at the Madison Square 
Roof Garden the summer of 1906 in "Mile. Champagne," where 
she scored a success with a song, "The Tadpole and the Frog." 
She was then engaged by C. B. Dillingham for a prominent 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 109 

part in "Dolly Dollars," a musical comedy in which Miss Blanche 
Ring was starred. 

CROSMAN, Miss Henrietta (Mrs. Maurice Campbell) : 

Actress, was born in Wheeling, W. Va., September 2, 1871, 
her father, Major George H. Crosman, U. S. Army, being sta- 
tioned near that city. Her mother, Mary B. Wick, was a mem- 
ber of the Youngstown, Ohio, family of that name, one of the 
mcst prominent and wealthy in that part of the United States, 
and niece of Stephen C. Foster, the composer of "My Old Ken- 
tucky Home" and other famous songs. Miss Crosman was edu- 
cated at the Moravian Seminary, Bethlehem, Pa. She made her 
first stage appearance as a member of a stock company at the 
Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio. She met and married there J. 
Sedley Brown, an actor and playwright. Her first appearance 
in New York was at the Madison Square Theatre in "The Ra- 
jah," after which she traveled with various companies and for 
one season supported Robert Downing. After being with the 
Ljceum Theatre Stock Company, New York, in 1889 Miss Cros- 
man appeared with Augustin Daly's company as Celia in "As 
You Like It." She afterward rejoined the Lyceum company and 
played in "The Charity Ball," and "The Idler." She was in the 
original cast of "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows" at Proctor's Theatre, 
New York. The season of 1892 Miss Crosman played in "The 
Junior Partner," and "Gloriana," at Herrmann's Theatre, under 
the management of Charles Frohman making conspicuous suc- 
cesses in each. In 1896 she obtained a divorce from Mr. Brown 
and the custody of their only son, then nine years old. The fol- 
lowing year she was married to Maurice Campbell. In 1899 Miss 
Crosman was in Bartley Campbell's "White Slave" company, and 
later played leads with Robert Downing. After seasons with 
Augustin Daly she began starring under the management of 
her husband, the first play being "One of Our Girls," by Bron- 
son Howard. The next was "Mistress Nell," by George C. Hazle- 
ton, produced at the Bijou Theatre, New York, in October, 1900, 
which ran for two years. This was followed by a New York run 
of one hundred nights in "As You Like It," after which came 
"The Sword of the King," which ran the greater part of a sea- 
son in New York. In 1904 she appeared at the Belasco Theatre. 
New York, in "Sweet Kitty Bellairs," a dramatization of "The 
Bath Comedy," by Alice and Egerton Castle, which ran for two 
seasons in New York. Plays which followed were "Madeleine," 
"Nance Oldfield," "Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary," "All-of-a-Sudden 
Peggy," and "The Christian Pilgrim," a dramatization of "The 
Pilgrim's Progress," in which she played Christian. 



lltt WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

DAILEY, Peter F.: 

Actor, was born in New York in 1868. He made his first 
appearance at the Globe Theatre, New York, in 1876, as a dancer 
with a barn-door reel. He then joined Whitney's circus, playing 
clown and doing a jumping act. In 1877 a vaudeville troupe 
called "The American Four" was organized. In this, with Mr. 
Dailey, were Pettengill, Gale and Hoey. Each member won 
popularity, and as a team "The American Four" was a "star 
turn" for eight years. Mr. Dailey joined the Boston Howard 
Athenaeum company in 1885, and remained with that organiza- 
tion three years. He then made his first appearance on the 
legitimate stage as leading comedian in Kate Castleton's com- 
pany. After playing Le Blanc in "Evangeline" for a season he 
was with James T. Powers in "A Straight Tip." Then Mr. 
Dailey starred in "A Country Sport," and "The Night Clerk." 
He next became a member of the Weber and Fields company, 
playing many parts in the New York burlesque house. He after- 
ward starred in a musical comedy called "Hodge, Podge & Co." 
The seasons of 1905-6-7 he starred in "The Press Agent." The 
season of 1906-7 Mr. Dailey appeared in a one-act version of 
this comedy, entitled "Nearly a War Correspondent," in vaude- 
ville. In January, 1908, he was seen in a burlesque of "The 
Merry Widow" with Joe Weber's company. 

DALE, Miss Gretchen (Mrs. Howard Estabrook) : 

Actress, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, March 9, 1886. Her 
father was a banker in that city and owned an estate in Cali- 
fornia, where Miss Dale spent most of her early days. When 
fifteen years old she was sent to school in New York, and made 
her first professional appearance in the small part of Helen 
Lowell in Thomas Dixon's play, "The Clansman," at the Liberty 
Theatre, New York, January 8, 1906. Only a few weeks after, 
the death of Georgia Welles caused a readjustment of the cast, 
and Miss Dale became the leading ingenue as Nellie Graham,, 
which she played for the balance of the season. She also created 
the title role in "The One Woman," produced in the winter sea- 
son of 1906. The seasons of 1906-7-8 she appeared in "The Boys- 
of Company B." Miss Dale was married to Howard Estabrook,. 
an actor, December 21, 1907. 

DALE, Miss Margaret: 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia and made her first ap- 
pearance at the Girard Avenue Theatre in that city in 1897. 
She then supported Henry Miller in "Heartsease" on tour, and 
made her first appearance in New York as Mary Faber in "The? 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 111 

Master" at the Garden Theatre February 15, 1898. The follow- 
ing season she played Lucie Manette in "The Only Way" at the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York. Early in 1901 she joined 
the Empire Theatre company, making her first appearance as 
Janet Colquhoun in "Mrs. Dane's Defence." With the Empire 
company she also played Kate Johnston in "Brother Officers," 
Edith Thorold in "The Wilderness," Cecily Cardew in "The Im- 
portance of Being in Earnest," Countess Lucia in "Captain 
Dieppe," Lady Henrietta in "The Duke of Killicrankie," Jacque- 
line Marple in "De Lancey." In the fall of 1906 she appeared 
in "The Price of Money" at the Garrick Theatre, New York, and 
the balance of the season played Constance Neville in "She 
Stoops to Conquer" with W. H. Crane, Miss Ellis Jeffries and 
company. The season of 1907-8 she was with Mr. Crane in 
"Father and the Boys," by George Ade. 

DALMORES, Charles: 

Grand opera singer, was born in Nancy, France, January 1, 
1871. At the age of fourteen he obtained a position as musician 
in the orchestra of the opera house in his native city, and 
three years later went to Paris where he took up the study of 
violin and 'cello at the Conservatoire. In 1894 he became one 
of the professors of the Musical Conservatory in Lyons, France, 
giving lessons on the French horn and violin. He studied for 
two years with M. Dauphin, the celebrated French basso, and 
made his first appearance as a grand opera singer at the Theatre 
des Arts, of Rouen, at which playhouse he remained three years, 
subsequently singing at the Theatre Royale de la Monnaie de 
Bruxelles, in Brussels, for six years. The seasons of 1906-7-8 he 
has been seen at the Manhattan Opera House, New York. 

DALTON, Charles: 

Actor, was born in England August 29, 1866, and made his 
first stage appearance in the English provinces in 1883. He 
toured with the late Alice Lingard in numerous roles, and in 
1887 made his London debut, appearing as Gaston in "Camille" 
at the Grand Islington Theatre on November 7. He was subse- 
quently seen at the Grand Theatre, London, in "Master and 
Man," and as Frank Muller in "Jess." In 1890 he made an ex- 
tensive tour with Ben Greet's company, playing in "A Scrap of 
Paper," "The Ladies' Battle" and other productions. Then he 
appeared at the Royalty Theatre, Glasgow, in May of that year, 
as Casella in "A Buried Talent," and in August was seen as 
Randal O'Mara in "The English Rose" at the Adelphi Theatre, 
London. He came to America and opened at the American Thea- 



112 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

tre, New York, as Maurice Deepwater in "The Prodigal Daugh- 
ter" May 22, 1894, and, returning to London, appeared at the 
Princess Theatre in "The World." He was in "Shall We For- 
give Her?" "The Derby Winner," in which he succeeded Charles 
Cartwright, and in "Cheer! Boys! Cheer!" He again came to 
America, appearing at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, 
November 9, 1896, as Marcus Superbus in "The Sign of the 
Cross." He starred in this until 1901 and was then seen in 
"The Helmet of Navarre" at the Criterion Theatre, New York. 
Two years later he was seen in "Resurrection," in 1904 in "When 
Knighthood Was in Flower," and with Nance O'Neil in "Magda," 
"Judith of Bethulia," "Hedda Gabler," and "The Jewess." In 
1905 he appeared as Caesar in "The Nazarene," and the follow- 
ing year as King Ahasuerus in "Mizpah." supporting Elizabeth 
Kennedy. On September 16, 1907, he was seen as Appius in 
James O'Neil's revival of "Virginius" at the Lyric Theatre, New 
York. Mr. Dalton married Miss Retta Walton, an English ac- 
tress, sister of Fred Walton, well known here in vaudeville. 

DALY, Arnold (Peter Christopher Arnold Daly) : 

Actor, was born October 4, 1875, in Brooklyn, N. Y. His 
parents were Joseph J. and Mary Daly, who were born in Ire- 
land. The parents of George Bernard Shaw, the Irish play- 
wright, in whose plays Mr. Daly has achieved his most note- 
worthy successes, were their intimate friends, Sir Ambrose 
Shay, a mayor of Cork and Mr. Daly's uncle, having frequently 
entertained the parents of Mr. Shaw. Mr. Daly was educated 
at the Academy of the Sacred Heart and St. Patrick's Academy, 
Brooklyn. His first theatrical engagement was as call boy at 
the old Lyceum Theatre. His first part that of a butler in a 
play in which Fanny Rice was starring. He played minor parts 
until he came into marked prominence through his impersona- 
tion of Chambers in Frank Mayo's production of "Pudd'nhead 
Wilson." Prior to his taking up the Shaw plays, Mr. Daly 
achieved successes in "Because She Loved Him So," "The Bird 
in the Cage," "Barbara Frietchie," in which Julia Marlowe was 
the star; "Self and Lady," "Are You a. Mason?" "When We 
Were Twenty-one," "Lady Margaret," "Hearts Aflame," "Cyn- 
thia," "The Girl from Dixie," and "Secret Service." On Decem- 
ber 9, 1903, he produced Shaw's "Candida" for a single matinge 
at the Princess Theatre. The success of both play and actor 
was so marked that Mr. Daly and Winchell Smith formed a part- 
nership to produce the play at the Berkeley Lyceum. There 
"Candida" ran for more than one hundred and fifty nights. Mr. 
Daly followed it with the Shaw plays, "The Man of Destiny" 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 113 

and "How He Lied to Her Husband," the latter a travesty on 
"Candida" written by Shaw expressly for Mr. Daly. The next 
Shaw production was "You Never Can Tell," which had as long 
a run. Then came "John Bull's Other Island," and the refusal 
of the city authorities to allow Mr. Daly to present "Mrs. War- 
ren's Profession," after similar action on the part of the New 
Haven authorities. Mr. Daly and his leading woman were ar- 
rested, merely as a formality, and the case was dropped when 
he announced that he would make no effort to produce the play. 
The fall of 1907 Mr. Daly founded the "Theatre of Ideas" at the 
Berkeley Lyceum, New York, playing three one-act plays there 
each night. This he abandoned, and in December, 1907, appeared 
in a revival of "Candida." He married on July 1, 1900, Mary 
Blythe, a niece of General La Grange, of Los Angeles, Cal. They 
have one child, Blythe Daly. Mr. Daly is a member of The 
Lambs and The Players. 

DANE, Miss Essex (Mrs. Arthur Lewis) : 

Actress, was born in London, England, being the daughter 
of Henry Findon, a London newspaper man, and cousin of the 
well-known critic, B. W. Findon. She was educated at the North 
London Collegiate School and the Royal Academy of Music. 
After playing for a short time in amateur productions with the 
students of the latter, she made her first professional appear- 
ance as understudy to Mrs. Patrick Campbell. Then followed 
a year's engagement with Osmond Tearle as leading woman in 
principal Shakespearian roles on tour through the provinces and 
a six months' tour in "Zaza" under Charles Frohman's man- 
agement. She was seen in "The Eternal City" as Donna Roma 
and in "Miss Elizabeth's Prisoner." She came to America, ap- 
pearing in New York in Alfred Sutro's "The Fascinating Mr. 
Vanderfelt" in January, 1906. On November 5, 1906, she was 
seen as the Duchess of Donegal in "Nurse Marjorie" with Elea- 
nor Robson at the Liberty Theatre, New York. The seasons of 
1906-7-8 Miss Dane played the part of Rachel Neve in "The 
Hypocrites," succeeding Doris Keane. On February 8, 1907, 
Miss Dane married Arthur Lewis, a well-known English actor- 
manager. 

DANIELS, Frank: 

Comedian, was born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1860, where his 
father was a dentist. When Frank was very young the family 
moved to Boston, and there he was educated, graduating from 
the Lawrence School and then attending Pierce's Business Col- 
lege. For three years he was employed as a wood engraver by 



114 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

George Mathews in Washington street, Boston, and at the same 
time studied singing at the New England Conservatory of Mu- 
sic. Having made a few appearances as an amateur, Mr. Dan- 
iels made his professional debut as the Sheriff in "The Chimes 
of Normandy" in Chelsea, Mass., in 1879. He next became sec- 
ond comedian at the Gaiety Theatre, Boston; then played a 
brief engagement with the McCaull Opera Company. He first 
attracted attention with Atkinson's Jollities in a farce called 
"An Electric Doll," making a three years' tour of the country 
and playing a season in England. Returning, Mr. Daniels, after 
playing in "The Beggar .Student" at the old Bijou Theatre, 
Boston, created the part of the Old Sport in Hoyt's "A Rag 
Baby," which he played for three years with such success that 
he became a member of the firm of Hoyt, Thomas & Daniels. In 
1887 he severed his connection and starred in "Little Puck." 
In 1891 he produced "The Attorney." He scored another suc- 
cess as Shrimps in "Princess Bonnie," but this was eclipsed by 
"The Wizard of the Nile," produced in September, 1895. "The 
Idol's Eye" and "The Ameer" were his next mediums; then 
came "The Office Boy." The season of 1905-6 he was seen in 
"Sergeant Brue," and the seasons of 1906-7-8 in "The Tattooed 
Man." His address is Rye, N. Y. 

D'ARCY, Miss Belle: 

Actress, was born in New York and educated at the Louis- 
ville High School in Kentucky. She made her first stage ap- 
pearance in June, 1895, as a fairy in Augustin Daly's produc- 
tion of "The Midsummer Night's Dream" at Daly's Leicester 
Square Theatre, London, and remained with Daly's organiza- 
tion for three and a half years. She then returned to her native 
country, to become prima donna with the Castle Square Opera 
Company at the American Theatre, New York, and subsequently 
was seen with George Edwardes's Gaiety Company at Daly's 
Theatre, New York. She toured through South Africa under 
the management of B. and F. Wheeler, and then through Aus- 
tralia and New Zealand under J. C. Williamson's management. 

DARK, Stanley: 

Actor, was born in London, England, May 15, 1874, bein? 
the son of Henry Sidney and Marie Dark. He is a nephew of 
Georgina Burns, a well-known English prima donna, and of 
Cora Stuart, wife of T. W. Robertson, the son of the author of 
"Caste," "School" and other plays. Stanley Dark made his first 
professional appearance at the Palace Theatre, Manchester, Eng- 
land, in a one-act play, "The Fair Equestrienne," with Cora 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 115 

Stuart. He next toured the English provinces as Sir Christo- 
pher Deering in "The Liars." His first marked success was as 
Joseph Surface in "The School for Scandal" with Miss Fortes- 
cue. He came to this country April 11, 1901, and became lead- 
ing man for Blanche Bates, playing Bertie Cecil in "Under Two 
Flags" at the Garden Theatre, New York. He was a member 
of the Empire Stock Company the season of 1901-2, and after- 
ward was with Virginia Harned in "Iris," "The Light That 
Lies in Woman's Eyes," "Camille," and "La Belle Marseillaise." 
He played with Mary Mannering in "Nancy Stair," and in 1905 
played Jermyn Pyecroft in Henry Miller's production of Henry 
Arthur Jones's comedy, "Joseph Entangled," at the Garrick 
Theatre, New York. He created the role of the Duke of Claire 
in Louis K. Anspacher's comedy, "The Embarrassment of 
Riches," produced at Wallack's Theatre, New York, May 14, 
1906. He also appeared, the season of 1905-6, in "Mizpah," "The 
Embassy Ball," and "La Belle Marseillaise." On September 18, 
1906, he appeared in his play, "Man and His Angel," at the 
Hackett Theatre, which ran only three nights. During the sea- 
son of 1906-7 he played Tweed Bix in Rachel Crother's "The 
Three of Us." Mr. Dark is a member of The Players' Club, New 
York. On June 30, 1906, he married Eva Dennison, an actress. 

D'ARVILLE, Miss Camille (Mrs. E. W. Crelin) : 

Comic opera prima donna, was born in Holland June 21, 
1863, and received her musical training from French and Ital- 
ian teachers. She made her first professional appearance in 
London in 1883 at the Strand Theatre, where she sang in a 
series of light operas. She afterward sang with the Carl Rosa 
Opera Company, and for a season was under the management of 
Alexander Henderson. Miss D'Arville came to this country in 
1888 to sing the part of Anita in "The Queen's Mate" at the 
Broadway Theatre, New York, Lillian Russell also being in the 
cast. Subsequently Miss D'Arville appeared for eleven months 
at the Casino in "The Grand Duchess," "Poor Jonathan," and 
"La Fille de Mme. Angot." She then became the prima donna 
of the Bostonians, singing Arline in "The Bohemian Girl," Maid 
Marian in "Robin Hood," and Katherine in "The Knickerbock- 
ers." In 1893 Miss D'Arville joined the forces of Edward E. 
Rice and appeared in the title part in his production of "Venus" 
at the Park Theatre, Boston. After that Miss D'Arville starred 
in many light operas, making a pronounced success in the title 
part in "Madeleine; or, the Magic Kiss," by Stange and Ed- 
wardes. The season of 1906-7 she starred in "The Belle of Lon- 
don Town." She has recently been singing in vaudeville houses. 



116 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Miss D'Arville was married to E. W. Crellin, of California, Au- 
gust 27, 1900. 

DAVENPORT, Miss Eva (Mrs. Neil O'Brien) : 

Actress, was born in London and educated at the Convent 
of Notre Dame in that city. At the age of fifteen she went 
with her father to Australia. She had received a thorough mu- 
sical training and, having an excellent soprano voice, began her 
professional career by singing, with Miss Amy Sherwin, scenes 
from Italian operas. She played Josephine in the first Aus- 
tralian production of "Pinafore," and then became the prima 
donna of the Montague-Turner English Opera Company. In 
Australia she became the wife of Neil O'Brien, an actor, and 
with him was engaged to go to India with Emily Melville in a 
repertoire of English operas. After playing five months in Cal- 
cutta Mr. and Mrs. O'Brien formed their own company under 
the title of The Mascot Opera Company and visited Hong Kong 
and Manila. They played two seasons of three months each in 
Japan. The Mascot company lasted four years, during which 
Miss Davenport played in twenty-six operas. Then Mr. and 
Mrs. O'Brien came to this country. Miss Davenport made her 
first appearance in this country at the Casino Theatre, New 
York, as the Duchess in "The Drum Major's Daughter." While 
playing the Princess in "Erminie" Miss Davenport discovered 
that her forte was comedy, and she has since played nothing 
but comedy parts. She played Miss Big in "Poor Jonathan," 
and then went on the road with Miss Pauline Hall, playing 
Abigail in "Puritania," and the show woman in "The Princess 
of Trebizonde." This was followed by her success as the Queen 
in "The Isle of Champagne." In 1897 Miss Davenport played 
Lady Hawser in "The French Maid" at the Herald Square Thea- 
tre, New York, under the management of E. E. Rice. Later en- 
gagements were as Coralie in "Papa's Wife" with Miss Anna 
Held and Charles Bigelow, Madame Giraudet with Jefferson De 
Angelis in "A Royal Rogue," Bella in "A Silver Slipper" with 
Sam Bernard and the Spanish widow in "The Yankee Consul." 
Her New York address is 162 West Eightieth street. 

DAVENPORT, Harry: 

Actor, was born in New York City, is one of a family whose 
name has been prominent on the American stage for more than 
half a century. His father, E. L. Davenport, was considered 
one of the best Shakespearian actors of his time. His mother, 
who was known on the English stage as Miss Fanny Vining, 
was a well-known actress, and one of his sisters, Miss Fanny 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 117 

Davenport, was the famous tragedienne. When the entire fam- 
ily was gathered at the home at Canton, Pa., where Mr. and 
Mrs. B. L. Davenport died, there were nine children, nearly all 
of whom at some time or other were players. Miss Blanche 
Davenport, who was known on the stage as Bianca La Blanche, 
was an opera singer and was a favorite at Naples; Miss Flor- 
ence Davenport was an actress and singer and a member of 
the opera company organized by John T. Ford, of Baltimore, 
and Miss May Davenport, who married William Seymour, the 
manager, was a member of the Boston Museum Stock Company. 
Edgar L. Davenport, who received his early training at the Bos- 
ton Museum, is still a prominent leading man, his most recent 
appearances having been in "The Crust of Society," "Cumber- 
land, '61," "Pudd'nhead Wilson," and "The Christian." Harry 
Davenport, the youngest of the children, made his stage debut 
when he was five years old as Damon's boy in "Damon and 
Pythias" in his father's company. Soon afterward he played 
a child's part in "Jack Cade." In his youth he was a member 
of the original juvenile "Pinafore" company which appeared 
every afternoon at the Broad Street Theatre, Philadelphia. After 
being manager of the Girard Avenue Theatre, Philadelphia, he 
went to the Casino, New York, playing roles in "The Belle of 
New York," "The Rounders," "The Lady Slavey," and "The 
Burgomaster." In the seasons of 1904-5-6 he appeared in Lew 
Fields's "It Happened in Nordland" company. He married 
Phyllis Rankin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. McKee' Rankin. 

DA VIES, Miss Phoebe (Mrs. Joseph R. Grismer) : 

Was born in San Francisco, her father being Captain David 
Davies of the United States steamship Madrona, of the Pacific 
Squadron. She made her first appearance on the stage in 1892 
as a member of the famous Baldwin Theatre Stock Company, in 
San Francisco, under the management of "Tom" McGuire, play- 
ing the important part of Hortense in "Bleak House." She after- 
ward played the part of Chispa in Clay M. Greene's play of that 
name with such success that W. H. Hayden made an offer to 
star her. Feeling she was too young, however, she remained 
for two seasons as leading woman of the Baldwin Stock Com- 
pany. In 1883 she married Joseph R. Grismer, the leading man 
of the organization. Miss Davies, during the stock engagement, 
had played successfully many parts, including Ophelia with 
Rossi, the Italian tragedian; Juliet with W. E. Sheridan, and 
Rosalind in a special production of "As You Like It," and soon 
after their marriage Mr. Grismer organized a company, with 
himself and wife as joint stars, which played several seasons in 



118 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

San Francisco and throughout the Middle West, Miss Daviea 
scoring in such parts as Rosa Leigh in "Rosedale," Mercedes in 
"Monte Cristo," the leading part in "The Fool's Revenge," and 
Lady Audley in "Lady Audley's Secret." Miss Davies also cre- 
ated the principal woman's part in Hoyt's "Midnight Bell." Her 
husband then, in collaboration with Clay M. Greene, wrote "The 
New South," in which Mr. Grismer and Miss Davies starred for 
three years, opening at the Broadway Theatre, New York, after- 
ward playing at the Madison Square Theatre and throughout 
the country. W. A. Brady and Mr. Grismer then produced 
" 'Way Down East," in which Miss Davies created the part of 
Anna Moore, contributing largely to the success of the play. 
Owing to the fact that her husband is part owner of the play, 
Miss Davies has continued to play the part ever since its pro- 
duction at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, in 1898. Roughly 
estimated, Miss Davies has appeared as Anna Moore more than 
three thousand times. Her New York address is care of Joseph 
R. Grismer, New York Theatre Building. 

DAVIS, Miss Fay (Mrs. Gerald Lawrence) : 

Actress, was born in Boston, Mass., December 15, 1872, and 
was educated in this country. She began her professional ca- 
reer as a reader and reciter, touring the States with success. 
Going to London, she made her first appearance on the legiti- 
mate stage with Sir Charles Wyndham's company at the Cri- 
terion Theatre, playing Zoe Nuggetson in "The Squire of Dames." 
In 1896 she played Antoinette de Mauban in "The Prisoner of 
Zenda" at the St. James's Theatre with George Alexander, with 
whom she also created leading parts in "The Princess and the 
Butterfly," "The Tree of Knowledge," "The Conqueror," "The 
Ambassador," "Rupert of Hentzau," "A Debt of Honor," and 
"The Awakening." She also appeared with Alexander in re- 
vivals as Celia and as Rosalind. In 1891 Miss Davis created 
the part of Iris in Pinero's play of that, name and the same 
year came to America to play leading parts under the manage- 
ment of Charles Frohman. She created the title part in the 
comedy, "All-of-a-Sudden Peggy." On May 20, 1906, Miss Davis 
was married in Boston to Gerald Lawrence, an English actor, 
formerly with Sir Henry Irving's company. The season of 1906-7 
she starred in "The House of Mirth." 

DAVIS, Richard Harding: 

Novelist and playwright, was born in Philadelphia in 1864, 
being the son of the late L. Clarke Davis and Rebecca (Hard- 
ing) Davis. He began life as a newspaper man in Philadelphia 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 119 

and then joined the staff of the Evening Sun, New York. At 
this time he wrote the Van Bibber stories, which first won him 
fame. He was special correspondent in the Greek, Spanish, 
Boer, and Russo-Japanese wars, and has also represented maga- 
zines in various South American revolutions. He is the author 
of many novels and short stories. He began writing for the 
stage only a few years ago, his first play being "The Taming 
of Helen." His other plays are: "Ranson's Folly," "The Dicta- 
tor," "The Galloper," "A Yankee Tourist" and, with Augustus 
Thomas, "Soldiers of Fortune," a dramatization of his novel. 
Mr. Davis married Miss Cecil Clark, daughter of J. M. Clark, 
of Chicago, April 4, 1899. His home is at Mt. Kisco, New York. 
His New York City address is Brook Club. 

DAVIS, Will J. : 

Manager, was born in Washtenaw County, Michigan, and 
when sixteen years old entered the United States Navy, serving 
four years. After another similar period in the Internal Reve- 
nue Service in Mississippi, he became a theatrical advance 
agent. In 1889 he leased the Haymarket Theatre in Chicago, 
and afterward managed the Columbia Theatre in that city. He 
then became manager and part owner of the Illinois Theatre. 
Mr. Davis married the late Jessie Bartlett Davis, the contralto 
singer, who died May 14, 1905. He has since married Miss 
Mary Ellen O'Hagen. 

DAY, Miss Anna: 

Actress, was born in 1884 at Sandy Hill, N. Y., of Irish- 
American parentage. At an early age she played parts in ama- 
teur theatricals in her home town. She made her first profes- 
sional appearance in Shakespearian roles with Walker White- 
side. After several engagements in classic drama she assumed 
the role of Jane Bolingbrook in "When Knighthood Was in 
Flower" under the management of Sweely, Shipman & Co. While 
playing this part she was understudy for the star, and appeared 
as Mary Tudor in many of the large Eastern cities with such 
success that she was selected to star in "When Knighthood Was 
in Flower" the seasons of 1906-7-8. 

DAZEY, Charles Turner: 

Playwright, was born in Lima, 111., August 12, 1853. He 
studied at the College of Arts, Lexington, Ky., and was gradu- 
ated from Harvard University, where he received his degree of 
B.A. in 1881 and was class poet. His first dramatic work was 
a two-act comedy, "Rustication," written while he was a sopho- 



120 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

more, produced by a college society and later played by the 
stock company at the Boston Museum. Mr. Dazey's first serious 
play, "An American King," produced by James O'Neil, was not 
successful, nor was "For a Brother's Life," which followed, un- 
der the management of J. M. Hill. For some years Mr. Dazey 
was interested in real estate in Kansas and Dakota and wrote 
only light plays, such as "The Little Maverick," played by 
Maggie Mitchell during her last season on the stage. Mr. 
Dazey's first real success came with "In Old Kentucky," which 
was played for five consecutive months at the Academy of Mu- 
sic, New York, and by numerous companies all over America, 
England and Australia. Other plays from his pen are: "That 
Girl from Texas," "Rival Candidates," "War of Wealth," "The 
Suburban," "Home Folks" and, in collaboration, "In Mexico," 
and "The American Lord." Mr. Dazey married in July, 1887, 
Lucy Harding. He is a member of The Lambs, the Lotos and 
Dramatists' clubs, New York. His address is The Lambs Club, 
New York. 

DAZIE, Mile. (Mrs. Mark A. Luescher) : 

Dancer, was born September 16, 1884, in St. Louis, Mo., 
and began her stage career at the age of sixteen. She went 
abroad in 1900 to study the classic ballet and joined the Court 
ballet at St. Petersburg one year later. After a season there 
Mile. Dazie appeared in a unique dancing specialty in the lead- 
ing music halls of London, Paris, Berlin, Breslau, Vienna, Buda- 
pest and Hamburg, returning to her native country for a tour 
of ten weeks over the Keith circuit in 1904. During that sea- 
son she accepted an engagement to appear at the Wistaria Grove, 
New York, during the summer of that year, under the direction 
of Messrs. Werba & Luescher, the latter of whom made Mile. 
Dazie his wife on September 16, 1905. Mr. Luescher presented 
Mile. Dazie, her features hidden by a red mask, as "Le Domino 
Rouge." The idea caught the popular fancy. Paris and Lon- 
don engagements followed. Oscar Hammerstein engaged Mile. 
Dazie to head his ballet at the Manhattan Grand Opera House 
the season of 1906-7, and the following season she was seen in 
"The Follies of 1907." 

DEAGON, Arthur: 

Actor, was born in Seaforth, Canada, January 1, 1873. Being 
compelled to earn his own living when only twelve years old, 
he left school and went to work as an iron miner in Hurley, 
Wis. In 1889, when sixteen years old, he made his first appear- 
ance on the stage at Captain White's Dime Museum in State 




ARTHUR DEAGON 



122 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

street, Chicago, singing baritone solos at ten shows a day, be- 
sides standing outside for inspection by the crowds. He was 
then known as "Cowboy Jack from Arizona." An engagement 
with a stock company in Chicago followed, and the season of 
1891-2 Mr. Deagon was with Ward and Yokes. For two seasons, 
beginning the fall of 1893, he played Dick Scarlet in "The High- 
wayman," making his first success in that part. The seasons of 
1896-7-8 he was with "The Belle of New York" company, and 
the following season played in "King Dodo" with Raymond 
Hitchcock. In 1900 Mr. Deagon went under the management of 
Henry W. Savage, and for five years played Reginald Hicks in 
"Peggy from Paris." He has also been with Donnelly and Girard 
in "The Rainmakers," and with Primrose and West's Minstrels. 
The fall of 1906 he created the part of "Happy" Johnny Hicks 
in "The Time, the Place and the Girl," first produced in Chi- 
cago and afterward, in the autumn of 1907, at Wallack's Theatre, 
New York. Mr. Deagon continued to be featured in the same 
part throughout the season of 1907-8. Mr. Deagon married Miss 
Grace Sawin at Toledo, Ohio, November 27, 1897. His favorite 
recreations are motoring, swimming, baseball and football. He 
is a member of the Elks, and his home is at Freeport, Long 
Island, N. Y. 

DE ANGELIS, Jefferson: 

Comedian, was born in San Francisco, Cal., November 30. 
1859. His parents had had stage careers, and his uncle, Thomas 
Rosa, taught him, while he was a boy, tumbling and dancing. 
He appeared on the stage at various times while he was still 
in short dresses and was only twelve years old when he began 
his stage career as a variety performer at Gilbert's Melodeon 
in San Francisco. When he was fourteen he and his sister 
joined forces, she being known as La Petite Sally, and toured 
the country in a half-hour vaudeville sketch. In 1880 he and 
his sister gave up the sketch for a one-act play, "One Word." 
They played this for eight weeks in San Francisco, and then 
went to Australia with it, presenting it there for seven months. 
While in Australia De Angelis organized a company which could 
play everything from grand and comic opera to farce and bur- 
lesque, and after touring the principal cities of Australia with 
it, took it wherever there was an European colony of any size 
in Japan, China, India and South Africa. This venture lasted 
four years, and was marred only by the death of Miss De An- 
gelis in 1882. When he returned to his native land De Angelis 
was engaged by the McCaull Opera Company, his first role with 
it being that of Sir Despard in "Ruddygore." He remained 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 123 

with Colonel McCaull until 1890, when he accepted an offer from 
Rudolph Aronson to join the Casino company. There he created 
the role of Poor Jonathan in the comic opera of that name. In 
1S93 he left the Casino to play the leading comedy role in "The 
Prodigal Daughter," returning again to the Aronson manage- 
ment the same season to play the Detective in "The Passing 
Show." His next engagement was with "The Little Trooper," 
in which he played the leading comedy role. On September 3, 
1806, he became a star at the Broadway Theatre, New York, 
in "The Caliph." He next starred jointly with Delia Fox and 
Lillian Russell in "The Wedding Day." Since then Mr. De An- 
gelis has starred at the head of his own company, presenting 
"The Royal Rogue," "The Toreador," "Fantana," etc. The sea- 
son of 1906-7 he appeared in "The Girl and the Governor," and 
the season of 1907-8 in "The Gay White Way." He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, a Mystic Shriner and a member of The 
Lambs, The Players, and the City Club of Yonkers, N. Y., where 
his home, Sunnyside Drive, Ludlow, is situated. 

DE KOVEN, Reginald: 

Composer, was born at Middletown.. Conn., April 3, 1859, 
his father being an Episcopalian clergyman. He entered St. 
John's College, Oxford, England, in 1879, and was graduated 
with the degree of B.A. While there he composed his first song, 
"Marjorie Daw." His first operatic composition was "Cupid, 
Hymen & Co.," which was never produced. In 1887 he wrote 
"The Begum," produced by the McCaull Opera Company, and 
had a successful run in New York. This so encouraged Mr. De 
Koven that he went abroad to study. While a pupil of Richard 
Genee in Vienna in 1889 he wrote his third opera, "Don Quixote." 
This was followed in 1890 by "Robin Hood," made famous by 
the Bostonians. "The Knickerbockers," "The Fencing Master," 
and "The Algerian" followed in succession. "The Highwayman," 
"Rob Roy," "The Three Dragons" and most of the music for 
"The Man in the Moon" and "From Broadway to Tokio" pre- 
ceded his opera, "Happyland," in which De Wolf Hopper starred 
the seasons of 1906-7-8. Mr. De Koven's "The Girls of Holland, ' 
book by Stanislaus Stange, originally called "The Snow Man,'' 
was seen at the Lyric Theatre, New York, November 18, 1907. 
In 1884 Mr. De Koven married Anna Farwell, the daughter of 
the late Charles B. Farwell, of Chicago, who was United States 
senator from Illinois. He and his wife are the owners of the 
Lyric Theatre, New York. He is a member of The Players and 
The Lambs. 



124 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

DE BELLEVILLE, Frederic: 

Actor, was born in Liege, Belgium. His father was a 
colonel and his brother is a commandant in the Belgian Army. 
One of his great-uncles was a Prime Minister of Belgium in 
1830. Military service had no allurements for him, and he 
became a player while he was a lad of twelve at school. He 
was not out of his 'teens when he made his professional debut 
at Sanger's Amphitheatre, London, in 1873, in "Fair Rosa- 
mond." His second engagement was at the Theatre Royal, 
Cambridge. After this Mr. De Belleville appeared at the Stan- 
dard, National and Gaiety theatres, London, remaining at the 
last-named for three years. He played a wide range of parts. 
In 1879 he went to Australia and played in Melbourne for five 
months. His first appearance in the United States was at 
Baldwin's Theatre in San Francisco. There he originated the 
role of Count George De Maubreul in "Deception," and played 
in "An Orphan of the State," "The Upper Crust," "True to the 
Core," "Forget-Me-Not," "East Lynne," "The Galley Slave," and 
"Fairfax." A. M. Palmer saw him play the Dwarf in "Nanon" 
at this time and engaged him for his Union Square Theatre 
company, New York. After opening in Brooklyn on November 
8, 1880, as Cuthbert Fielding in Edgar Fawcett's "The False 
Friend," Mr. De Belleville made his first appearance before a 
Manhattan audience, playing the role of Count de Carojac in 
"The Banker's Daughter." He remained at the Union Square 
for three seasons, creating while there the roles of Count de 
Lavard in "The Creole," Monsieur Cavagnac in "Felicia," Mon- 
sieur Octave in "Raymond," Clifford Armytage in "Lights o* 
London," Sergeant Troy in "Far from the Madding Crowd," 
James Rantzau in "The Rantzaus," and Henri de Targy in "A 
Parisian Romance." He left the Union Square Theatre to go 
starring, under the management of John Stetson, in "The Cor- 
sican Brothers," and afterward in "Monte Cristo." From 1884 
to 1885 Mr. De Belleville was starred by H. C. Miner in "The 
Silver King," and "Hoodman Blind." In 1885 he was in the 
original cast that produced "Favette" at the Union Square Thea- 
tre. The season of 1886-7 he played leading parts with Rose 
Coghlan in repertoire. The season of 1888-9 he supported Clara 
Morris, being the original Dr. Clermont in the production of 
"Helene" at the Union Square Theatre, New York. While play- 
ing in Charles Frohman's stock company at Proctor's Twenty- 
third Street Theatre he created the role of Israel Cohen in 
"Men and Women." In 1892 he, with Charles Coghlan and John 
T. Sullivan, supported Rose Coghlan in a tour of this country 
and a run in "Diplomacy," Mr. De Belleville playing Count Or- 




FREDERIC DE BELLEVILLE 



126 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

loff and Henry Beauclerc. In 1894 he supported William H. 
Crane in "The Senator," appearing as Count von Strath. That 
same season he starred again in "Hoodman Blind," appeared 
with Rose Coghlan again in "Diplomacy" and supported her in 
a revival of "London Assurance" at the old Star Theatre, New 
York. In February, 1894, he played in "The War of Wealth." 
In 1895 he played Count Trast in Sudermann's "Honor," and 
appeared in the melodrama "The Last Stroke" through the sea- 
son of 1896. In 1897 he joined Mrs. Fiske's company, first ap- 
pearing with her as Henri des Prunelles in "Divorc.ons" at a 
benefit performance at the Fifth Avenue Theatre. ' He was the 
Alec Stoke-D'Uroerville in her production of "Tess of the D'Ur- 
bervilles," the Fabio Ronaldi in "Little Italy," and Henri de 
Sartorys in "Frou-Frou." He was the Baron Bonelli of Viola 
Allen's production of Hall Caine's "The Eternal City." In 1905 
ho once more joined Mrs. Fiske's company as Kleschna in "Leah 
Kleschna." In May, 1906, he appeared in "The Coward," pro- 
duced at McVicker's Theatre, Chicago. The season of 1906-7 he 
appeared in "Popularity," "A Tenement Tragedy," and "A Mar- 
riage of Reason." The fall of 1907 he was seen in "The Step- 
sister" at the Garrick Theatre, New York. He is a member of 
The Players, New York. 

DELMORE, Ralph: 

Actor, was born in New York and commenced his stage 
career there, one of his first engagements being at the old Ly- 
ceum Theatre, where he played Jim Blakely in "The Main Line" 
ic 1886. He was next seen as John Bird in "The Still Alarm," 
and he created the part of Tomasso Monaldi in "Mr. Barnes of 
New York." For several seasons he starred in "Forgiven," 
jointly with Frederick Bryton. Mr. Delmore supported William 
Gillette for two seasons in "Too Much Johnson," and then was 
seen in "The Cherry Pickers." After appearing in "Devil's 
Island," and "On and Off," he again joined Mr. Gillette, creat- 
ing the part of James Larabee in "Sherlock Holmes," which he 
played for four successive seasons. He has also been seen in 
"M'liss" with Nellie McHenry, in "Lorna Doone," in "The New 
Clown," "Ulysses," "The Other Girl," and "The Spellbinder." 
The season of 1905-6 he supported Miss Virginia Harned in "La 
Belle Marseillaise," and "The Crossing," and played in "The 
Stolen Story." The following season he was in "The Daughters 
of Men" and in "Salomy Jane" with Miss Eleanor Robson. He 
created the part of Jacob Ogden in "The Stepsister/'produced 
at the Garrick Theatre, New York, October 14, 1907. Mr. Del- 
more is the president of the Actors' Society of America. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 127 

DE LUSSAN, Miss Zelie: 

Operatic prima donna, was born in New York City and made 
her first stage appearance with the Boston Ideal Opera Com- 
pany as Aline in "The Bohemian Girl." She then joined the 
English Opera Company, and during her three years' engage- 
ment with that organization sang in "Carmen," "Faust," "The 
Daughter of the Regiment" and numerous other roles. In 1889 
she was seen at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, as Marguerite 
in "Faust" under the management of Colonel Mapleson. From 
there she went to France, appearing at the Grand Opera, Paris, 
returning shortly afterward to England to join the Carl Rosa 
Company. Following a five months' tour she was engaged by 
Sir Augustus Harris for Covent Garden, London. In 1898 she 
reappeared in this country, supporting Mme. Melba, with the 
Damrosch-Ellis Company, and creating the part of Musette in 
"La Boheme." In 1901 she was prima donna with the Grand 
Opera Company in this company, and the following year she 
was heard at concerts in New York. She sang in grand opera 
subsequent seasons in most of the chief cities of Europe and 
America. The season of 1907-8 Miss De Lussan was seen in 
vaudeville here. 

DENNY, William Henry Leigh (Dugmore) : 

Actor, was born at Balsall Heath, Birmingham, England, 
in 1853, being the son of the late Henry Thomas Leigh Dug- 
more. He was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham. 
When he was six years old he played a boy's part at a provin- 
cial theatre, and at the age of seventeen he made his profes- 
sional debut at Dundee, Scotland. In 1879 he came to America 
with Lydia Thompson, leaving her to appear at the Arch Street 
Theatre, Philadelphia, under the management of the late Mrs. 
John Drew. Returning to London, he joined the stock com- 
pany of the St. James's Theatre, under the management of Hare 
and Kendal, and later accompanied Mrs. Langtry on her first 
tour in England as her principal comedian. In 1884 he again 
visited this country as a member of the Lester Wallack Stock 
Company, and in 1885 was a member of Charles Frohman's first 
company. Again returning to London, he created the part of 
the rural policeman in Pinero's "Dandy Dick" at the Court 
Theatre, and followed with an engagement in the Gilbert and 
Sullivan operas at the Savoy, London, making his first appear- 
ance at that theatre as Wilfred Shadbolt, the jailer, in "The 
Yeomen of the Guard," and in 1890-1 playing the Grand In- 
quisitor in "The Gondoliers," in which part he appeared be- 
fore Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle. After the dissolution of 



128 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

the partnership between Gilbert and Sullivan he left the Savoy 
company and joined Arthur Roberts at the Lyric Theatre in 
1879. After various engagements in England he accepted a star- 
ring Shakespearian tour in Australia and New Zealand, playing 
Bottom in "A Midsummer Night's Dream," Touchstone in "As 
You Like It," and Malvolio in "Twelfth Night." He was in the 
original production of "The Hypocrites," by Henry Arthur Jones, 
at the Hudson Theatre, New York, the season of 1906-7. The 
following season he acted in London. He is the author of a 
farce, "A Mutual Mistake," and several other plays. In 1889 he 
was elected a life member of the Savage Club, London, in rec- 
ognition of his services during the five years of his honorary 
secretaryship of that institution. He is also a member of The 
Lambs, New York. 

DE WOLFE, Miss Elsie Anderson: 

Actress, was born in New York December 20, 1865, being the 
daughter of the late Dr. Stephen De Wolfe. On his death in 
1890 his daughter, being obliged to earn her livelihood, elected 
to go on the stage. She had previously made her mark as an 
amateur actress, first appearing at the Criterion Theatre, Lon- 
don, at a benefit for a church charity in "The White Milliner" 
in the presence of the Prince and Princess of Wales, now King 
Edward and Queen Alexandra. She afterward acted in "The 
Loan of a Lover" at the home of Mrs. Eggleston, Washington 
square, New York, and in 1886 she played Lady Seymore in "A 
Cup of Tea" at the University Club Theatre. The same year she 
played Lady Clare at the opening of the Tuxedo Club Theatre, 
and later appeared as Lady Gwendoline Bloomfield in "Drifted 
Apart," and Helen in "The Hunchback" at the same place. Other 
parts she played as an amateur were Mrs. Prettifet in "The 
Mousetrap," Lady Teazle in "The School for Scandal," and the 
leading part in "Contrasts." When she decided to become a 
professional actress she obtained an engagement with Charles 
Fjohman and made her first legitimate appearance at Proctor's 
Theatre, New York, October 5, 1891, as Fabienne Lecoulteur in 
"Thermidor." She had studied the part in France under the 
direction of Victorien Sardou, the author of the play. Then fol- 
lowed two seasons on the road, in which she played in "Joseph," 
"Judge," and "Four in Hand." After playing Rose Reade in 
"Sister Mary" Miss De Wolfe joined the Empire stock company, 
playing Lady Kate Ffennel in "The Bauble Shop," Lady Charlie 
Wishanger in "The Masqueraders," Mrs. Wanklyn in "John 
a-Dreams," Mrs. Glib in "Christopher, Jr.," and Mrs. Dudley 
Chumleigh in "Marriage." In 1898 Miss De Wolfe made a pro- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 129 

nounced success as Helene in "Catherine." Of late Miss D 
Wolfe has forsaken the stage for decorative art work. Her 
home address is 112 East Seventeenth street, New York. 

DITRICHSTEIN, Leo James: 

Actor and playwright, was born in Hungary, his father be- 
ing Count Ditrichstein until he was deprived of his title and 
estates because he supported the Hungarian revolution in 1847, 
and his grandfather, the noted Hungarian novelist, Joseph von 
Eiooes. Mr. Ditrichstein made his first appearance as an actor 
at Berlin, where he had established a reputation when, in 1890, 
he came to this country and made his first appearance with the 
stock company at the Irving Place Theatre under the manage- 
ment of Gustave Amberg. He had previously been leading man 
at the Royal Theatre, Hamburg, for a season. His first part in 
this country was in Sudermann's "Honor," and his second in 
the original version of "The Lost Paradise." Having mastered 
the English language quickly, Mr. Ditrichstein was engaged by 
Charles Frohman for John Drew's company, and in 1893 he 
played his first English-speaking part in "Mr. Wilkinson's Wid- 
ows." He made his first pronounced success as Zou Zou in the 
original production of "Trilby" at the Madison Square Garden 
Theatre under the management of A. M. Palmer in 1895. The 
following year he created the part of the French professor in 
W. A. Brady's production of "Under the Polar Star." He has 
since played light comedy parts in many plays, including some 
of his own. Mr. Ditrichstein, in collaboration with Clyde Fitch, 
wrote "Gossip," which was produced by Mrs. Langtry at Palm- 
er's Theatre, New York, in 1894, and "A Superfluous Husband," 
produced at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, in 1895. He 
also wrote "The Last Appeal," produced by Henry B. Harris, 
and "Are You a Mason?" "Vivian's Papas," "Harriet's Honey- 
moon," "All on Account of Eliza," "Tit for Tat," and "The Song 
of the Sword." The season of 1905-6 he appeared in the farce 
"Before and After," written by himself, and in 1907 appeared in 
his "The Ambitious Mrs. Alcott." 

DIX, Miss Beulah Marie: 

Playwright, was born in Kingston, Mass., December 25, 1876. 
She was educated at the public schools in Plymouth, Mass.; the 
Chelsea (Mass.) High School, and was graduated from Radcliffe 
College in 1897, receiving the degree of B.A. and the following 
year that of M.A. Miss Dix began play writing and producing 
while a member of the dramatic club at college and published 
her first one-act play, "Cicely's Cavalier," in 1897. In 1898 her 



130 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

playette, "Apples of Eden," and in 1899 "At the Sign of the 
Buff Bible" were produced at the Empire Theatre, New York, 
by the pupils of the Empire Theatre Dramatic School. She be- 
gan collaborating in 1902 with Evelyn Greenleaf Sutherland in 
her dramatic work, and together they have written and pro- 
duced "A Rose o' Plymouth Town," 1902-3; "Young Fernald," 
1906; "The Lilac Room," in which Amelia Bingham starred, 
1906-7, and "The Road to Yesterday," 1906-7 in America. In 
England they produced "The Breed of the Treshams," 1903-7; 
"Boy O'Carroll," 1906-7, and "Matt o' Merrymount," 1906-7. Miss 
Dix is also the author of numerous short stories and novels. 
She is a member of the Pen and Brush Club, American Dra- 
matists' Association, Woman's University, New York; The Col- 
lege Club, Boston, and The Lyceum Club, London. Her address 
is 87 Lakeview, Lynn, Mass. 

DIXEY, Henry E. : 

Actor, was born in Boston January 6, 1859, and made his 
first appearance on the stage when he was ten years old at the 
Howard Theatre in his native town, playing Peanuts in the 
melodrama, "Under the Gaslight." Under the tuition of the late 
James S. Maffat, the pantomimist, he learned deportment and 
dancing, and when Edward E. Rice produced "Evangeline" at 
the Globe Theatre, Boston, on June 7, 1875, Dixey's dancing got 
him an engagement to play the forelegs of the heifer, Richard 
Golden being the other half of the nimble beast. During the 
phenomenal run of "Evangeline" Mr. Dixey played many other 
parts, and gradually worked his way up to leading comedian 
through the medium of such productions as "The Corsair," "Hia- 
watha," "Horrors," "Robinson Crusoe," "The Babes in the Wood," 
"Revels," and "Cinderella at School." When the craze for Gil- 
bert and Sullivan operas came in he scored vastly as Sir 
Joseph Porter in "Pinafore," Bunthorne in "Patience," John 
Wellington Wells in "The Sorcerer," and the Chancellor in "lo- 
lanthe." He was also very successful as Lorenzo in "The Mas- 
cotte," and Sir Mincing Lane in "Billee Taylor." For several 
seasons Mr. Dixey played a wide round of leading comedy parts 
under the management of John Stetson at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre, New York, and then he produced the extravaganza 
"Adonis" under the management of Mr. Rice. It was first played 
in Chicago July 6, 1884, and on September 4 following it opened 
at the Bijou Opera House, New York, and ran there for more 
than six hundred nights. May 31, 1886, Mr. Dixey appeared at 
the Gaiety Theatre, London, in "Adonis," but, except for his 
caricature of Henry Irving, the piece was not a success. A long 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 131 

tour of this country followed, and then Mr. Dixey appeared in 
"The Seven Ages" which, however, did not prove a second 
"Adonis." After a season with "A Man with a Hundred Heads," 
Mr. Dixey joined Augustin Daly's company in 1894 and demon- 
strated his ability as a legitimate comedian. While with this 
company his most pronounced successes were as Malvolio in 
"Twelfth Night," Marcus Brutus Snap in "A Night Off," and the 
Ballet Master in "7-20-8." After a period in vaudeville, and 
after dabbling with the profession of a conjurer, Mr. Dixey in 
1S99 appeared as David Garrick in "Oliver Goldsmith," by Au- 
gustus Thomas. The fall of 1900 he starred in a dramatization 
of Dr. S. Weir Mitchell's novel, "The Adventures of Frangois," 
with indifferent success. In 1902 he played in "A Modern Mag- 
dalen," in 1903 starred in "Facing the Music," and the following 
year appeared in "Little Mary" at the Empire Theatre, New 
ifcrk, and in "The Prince Consort." The seasons of 1905-6 to 
1907 he starred in "The Man on the Box," and then entered 
vaudeville. Mr. Dixey is a member of The Lambs and The 
Players. 

DIXON, Thomas, Jr.: 

Playwright and novelist, was born in Shelby, N. C., January 
11, 1864, being the son of the Rev. Thomas and Mrs. Amanda 
(McAfee) Dixon. He was graduated from Wake Forest College, 
North Carolina, with the degree of A.M. in 1883, and from the 
Greensboro (N. C.) Law School in 1886. He was admitted to 
the bar in all North Carolina courts and the United States Dis- 
trict and Supreme Court the same year. He held a scholarship 
in history and politics at the Johns Hopkins University, 1883-1. 
Mr. Dixon was a member of the North Carolina Legisature from 
1884 to 1886, giving up politics to enter the Baptist ministry 
October, 1886. He was pastor of congregations at Raleigh, N. C., 
1887; Boston, Mass., 1888-9, and New York, 1889 to 1899, dur- 
ing which time he held Sunday services in the Academy of 
Music. Throughout this time and also until 1902 he was a 
popular lyceum lecturer. In 1902 Mr. Dixon retired to his coun- 
try home at Dixondale, Va., and devoted himself entirely to 
literary pursuits. His first novel, "The Leopard's Spots," was 
published in 1902. Then followed "The One Woman" in 1903, 
and "The Clansman," and "The Life Worth Living," in 1905. 
That same year Mr. Dixon entered the ranks of dramatic authors 
with an adaptation of "The Clansman" which caused much com- 
ment on account of its attitude on the negro question. He has 
also adapted "The One Woman" for the stage, and has made a 
play of his latest novel, "The Traitor, ' recently published. He 



132 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

is also vice-president of the Southern Amusement Company. Mr. 
Dixon married Harriet Bussey at Montgomery, Ala., March 3, 
1886. He is a member of The Players, New York. 

DODSON, John . : 

Actor, was born in London in 1857. He was educated for 
the bar, but found amateur theatricals more to his liking than 
the study of law. He made his first professional appearance at 
the Princess Theatre, Manchester, England, in 1877, playing a 
small part in "The Spelling Bee" with the late J. Lawrence Toole 
as the star. For two or three years he played juvenile lead 
parts in small companies. He was advised by Edward Terry lo 
try comedy and character parts, and began his career as a come- 
dian at the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin, under the management of 
the late Michael Gunn. After a time he became first low come- 
dian at the Royal Theatre, Worcester, varying his roles, rang- 
ing from old comedy and Shakespearian parts to comedy old 
women in Christmas pantomimes. He supported Joseph Jeffer- 
son and J. K. Emmett when they were touring in England, and 
for a time was with W. Calder's "White Slave" company. In 
1886 he was engageu to create the part of Joe Buskin in Maud 
Branscombe's production of "Hearts," a comedy drama by Wal- 
ter Browne. After creating the parts of Carraway Bones in 
"Turned Up" and the Professor in "Kleptomania," Mr. Dodson 
was engaged by John Clayton to play Mr. Posket in Pinero's 
Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York in 1899, and in "Danger- 
"The Magistrate," after which he became a member of the com- 
pany supporting Mr. and Mrs. Kendal in 1889. With the Ken- 
dais he came to this country, making his first appearance in "A 
crap of Paper" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre. He remained 
with the Kendals as leading character comedian for five years, 
playing in this country and in London, and making his mark in 
such parts as Baron Montrichard in "The Ladies' Battle," Pen- 
guin in "A Scrap of Paper," Radford in "All for Her," Moulinet 
in "The Iron Master," Sam in "The Queen's Shilling," Gunnion 
in "The Squire," Baron Croodle in "The Money Spinner," Cay- 
ley Drummie in "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," Mr. Bargus in 
"The Weaker Sex," and Captain Mountraffe in "Home." In 1895 
Mr. Dodson was engaged by Charles Frohman as principal 
comedian of the Empire stock company, his first appearance as 
such being as Keber in "The Bauble Shop." He also played 
Montague Lushington in "The Masqueraders," and the Rey. 
Stephen Wynn in "John a-Dreams." He originated the part of 
Cardinal Richelieu in "Under the Red Robe," and played John 
Weatherby in "Because She Loved Him So." Mr. Dodson made 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 133 

his first appearance in a vaudeville house October 29, 1900, as 
Richelieu in "Richelieu's Strategy" at the Fifth Avenue Thea- 
tre, New York. In 1902 he created the part of Simonides in 
"Ben Hur" at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, and subsequently 
played it for long runs at the New York Theatre, New York, and 
throughout the country. After a season as a star in "American 
Invasion" Mr. Dodson played Pierre in the all-star revival of 
"The Two Orphans" at the New Amsterdam Theatre in 1904-5 
and Diggory in the all-star production of "She Stoops to Con- 
quer." The season of 1905-6 he played the title part in Klaw 
& Erlanger's production of "The Prince of India," in "The Prodi- 
gal Son," and Fagan in a special production of "Oliver Twist." 
During the season of 1906-7 he created the r61e of Roland in 
Clyde Fitch's "Truth." Mr. Dodson married Annie Irish, an ac- 
tress. He is a member of the Lotos, Green Room and New York 
Whist clubs, and The Lambs and The Players, New York. His 
address is the Lotos Club, New York. 

DONAGHEY, Frederick: 

Playwright and manager, was born in 1870 in Philadelphia. 
He was graduated from the Central High School there and from 
Princeton University, He was on the staff of the Philadelphia 
Press in 1890, and correspondent of the New York Recorder, the 
dramatic and musical critic in 1896 of the Philadelphia Times, 
in 1900 of the Philadelphia North American, and in 1901-2 of 
the Philadelphia Times, and later of the Times-Ledger. He was 
a member of the editorial staff of the Philadelphia Ledger in 
1904-6. In 1889 he had experience as an actor with Augustin 
Daly's company. He is the author of "The Craft of Krishna," 
produced in 1899; "One K. Clive," 1901; "Mooney the Mummer," 
1903; "The Specimen," "The Intense Irene," and "The Lure of 
a Lady." He is also the author of "The Points," an essay on 
punctuation, published in 1888. In 1906-7-8 he was manager for 
Robert Mantell. 

DONALDSON, Arthur (Danielsen) : 

Actor and singer, was born in Norsholm, Sweden, April 5, 
1869, and was educated at Norrkoping and Stockholm. He made 
his first appearance on the stage at Norrkoping's Stora Teater 
in 1876, playing Eric in "Uncle Brozen's Leather Couch." He 
made his first appearance in this country with a Swedish com- 
pany the season of 1886-7, and he afterward worked here as a 
printer and a watch-case maker. While thus engaged he per- 
fected his knowledge of the English language and then obtained 
engagements to sing baritone rfiles with the Duff Opera Com- 



134 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

pany, and on concert tours with Miss Emma Thursby and Miss 
Ollie Torbett under the management of the late Major J. B. 
Pond. In 1892 he organized a Swedish stock company to play 
at the old Athenaeum in Brooklyn, New York and afterward in 
Chicago. The season of 1896-7 he sang the title role in "Rob 
Roy" with the Fred C. Whitney Opera Company, and the follow- 
ing season appeared as Baron De Grimm in "Madeleine; or, The 
Magic Kiss." Then, after a tour with the Tivoli Opera Com- 
pany in San Francisco, he was engaged by the la e Augustin 
Daly for his musical company in which he remained until Mr. 
Daly died. In 1899-1900 he starred in "Yon Yonson," then fol- 
lowed an engagement with Miss Lulu Glaser in "Sweet Ann 
Page," and the same year he took "A Modern Viking" on tour. 
Mr. Donaldson originated the part of the Prince in "The Prince 
of Pilsen," produced by Henry W. Savage, and played it four 
years (one thousand three hundred and forty-five times). The 
season of 1906-7 he was in "The Blue Moon" company under the 
Shubert management. Mr. Donaldson married Miss Florence 
Wolcott, March 17, 1896. His home is at 257 West Twenty-third 
street, New York City. 

DONNELLY, Miss Dorothy Agnes: 

Actress, was born in New York City January 28, 1880, being 
the daughter of Thomas Lash Donnelly, for many years lessee 
and manager of the Grand Opera House in that city. She was 
educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart and made her first 
appearance on the stage in the stock company of her brother, 
Henry V. Donnelly, at the Murray Hill Theatre, New York, re- 
maining there three years, during which she worked up from 
maid's parts to leading business. In 1902 she supported Robert 
Edeson, playing Madame Alvarez in "Soldiers of Fortune." In 
the spring of 1903 she created the part of Kathleen Na-Houlihan 
in W. B. Yeates's play of that name, under the auspices of the 
Irish Literary Society. In December, 1903, she created the title 
role in George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" in this country, and 
early in 1904 she was the first exponent in New York of tha 
part of the Lady in "A Man of Destiny." She also played the 
part on tour. The same year she created the part of Maja in 
Ibsen's "When We Dead Awaken." She was the original Ruth 
Jordan in "The Little Gray Lady," playing the part the season 
of 1905-6, and the following season she played Louise Stolbeck 
in "Daughters of Men." She played Marion Manners in "The 
Movers," produced at the Hackett Theatre, New York, October 
3, 1907, and afterward went on tour in "The Lion and the 
Mouse." Miss Donnelly has many relatives prominently con- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 135 

nected with the stage. Fred Williams, the well-known stage 
director and Dean of the Faculty of the American Academy of 
Dramatic Arts, is her uncle. Fritz Williams, the actor, is her 
first cousin. Her favorite pastime is piano playing. She is vice- 
president of the Twelfth Night Club, and her home is at 51 
West Thirty-ninth street, New York City. 

DORO, Miss Marie: 

Actress, made her first appearance in San Francisco, Cal., 
in "A Runaway Girl" in 1903, and subsequently appeared in 
that city in "The Circus Girl." She came to New York the same 
year and was seen as Rosalba Peppercorn in "The Billionaire." 
On November 2 she opened at the Herald Square Theatre as 
Nancy Lowly in "The Girl from Kay's," and in January of the 
following year appeared as Lady Millicent in "Little Mary." In 
October she was with the late Mrs. Gilbert in "Granny," playing 
the part of Dora, and in 1905 was seen in the title role of 
"Friquet" at the Savoy Theatre, New York. She went to Lon- 
don in the spring of 1905, opening at the Comedy Theatre there 
on May 3 as Lucy Sheridan in "The Dictator" with William Col- 
lier, and then supported William Gillette in his play, "Clarice," 
at the Duke of York's Theatre. She returned to America to 
tour in that play the season of 1906-7. On November 18, 1907, 
she was seen in "The Morals of Marcus" at the Criterion Thea- 
tre, New York. 

DORR, Miss Dorothy (Mrs. H. J. Dam) : 

Actress, was born in Boston Mass., December 28, 1867. She 
made her first appearance on the stage in Chicago at the Opera 
House in June, 1886, as Rachel McCreery in "Held by the Ene- 
my," and her first New York appearance in April, 1887, at the 
Fifth Avenue Theatre as Ethel Gray in "The Golden Giant." 
She was seen also, in that city, at the Standard Theatre April 
9, 1888, as Ethel Sorrero in "A Possible Case"; at the Madison 
Square Theatre December 21, 1888, as Madeleine Bright in 
"Honor Bright"; at the Union Square April, 1889, in "Robert 
Elsmere," and at the Star Theatre September 9, 1889, as Mrs. 
Constance Haverhill in "Shenandoah." She made her London 
debut at the Vaudeville Theatre on March 18, 1891, appearing 
as Gary Dennison in "Diamond Deane." While in Europe she 
played in "Money," "Happy Returns," "Dick Wilder," "The Hon- 
orable Herbert," "The Lights of Home," in which she succeeded 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell as Tress Purvis: "The Lost Paradise," 
and "Delia Harding." In 1902 she returned to America, assum- 
ing the principal role in "Frocks and Frills." At the Hudson 
Theatre, New York, January 30, 1905, she appeared as Claire 



136 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Foster in "The Woman in the Case," and the season of 1906-7 
supported Mrs. Fiske in "The New York Idea." On October 14, 
1907, was seen as Mrs. Hampton in "The Stepsister" at the Gar- 
rick Theatre, New York. 

D'ORSAY, Lawrance: 

Actor, was born in Peterborough, England. He comes of an 
old family of lawyers, and was himself educated for the law, 
but threw up Blackstone for the stage. After considerable ex- 
perience in stock companies and the provinces with the usual 
ups and downs, Mr. D'Orsay eventually made a position for 
himself in London in "swell" parts principally of the military 
order, until of late years these special parts began to be desig- 
nated by authors and managers as D'Orsay parts. In 1886 he 
played a sort of Dundreary character with Minnie Palmer in 
"My Sweetheart" at the Strand Theatre, London, and subse- 
quently made his first visit to America with Miss Palmer under 
the management of John R. Rogers. Then followed a long se- 
ries of engagements in the principal theatres in London with 
such well-known stars and managers as John Hare, Edward 
Terry, Thomas Thome, George Edwardes, etc. During a three 
years' engagement with George Edwardes at Daly's Theatre, 
London, he created parts written for him in "A Gaiety Girl," 
"An Artist's Model," and "The Geisha." He came to America 
with "An Artist's Model." Mr. Charles Frohman brought Mr. 
D'Orsay to America again six years ago to support Annie Rus- 
sell and to play the King in "A Royal Family," and Mr. D'Orsay 
has stayed here ever since. After two seasons with "A Royal 
Family" Mr. Frohman cast him for a part in "The Wilderness" 
at the Empire Theatre, New York, and it was his performance 
In this play that influenced Augustus Thomas to write "The 
Earl of Pawtucket" for Mr. D'Orsay, the success of which made 
him a star. The production was made by the late Kirke La 
Shelle at the Madison Square Theatre and it ran just a year in 
New York. Augustus Thomas next wrote "The Embassy Ball" 
for Mr. D'Orsay, which Mr. Frohman accepted and produced. The 
winter of 1907 he co-starred with Cecilia Loftus in "The Lan- 
cers." Mr. D'Orsay married Miss Marie Dagman, from whom 
he obtained a divorce. On August 18, 1907, he married Miss 
Susie Rushholme, an English actress, in England. 

DOWNING, Robert I. : 

Actor, was born in Washington, D. C., October 28, 1857. He 
made his first appearance on the stage at the age of eighteen, 
supporting Charles R. Pope in "The Gascon" at the National 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 137 

Theatre in his native city. He remained with the stock com- 
pany at the National for four years, at length retiring as lead- 
ing man, in which position he succeeded Thomas W. Keene. 
Mr. Downing then joined Mary Anderson to play the leads, an 
engagement which lasted three years, and the two following 
seasons he played juvenile parts in Joseph Jefferson's support, 
such as Captain Absolute in "The Rivals," and John Perrybingle 
in "The Cricket on the Hearth." He then embarked upon a star- 
ring tour in "The Gladiator," and first appeared before a New 
York audience in this part at the old Star Theatre on December 
20, 1886; two of those who played small parts in his support 
being Dustin Farnum and Lincoln A. Wagenhals, now of the 
firm of Wagenhals & Kemper. In the ten years that followed, 
Mr. Downing enjoyed exceptional favor as a star, playing Vir- 
ginius, Othello, Ingomar, Brutus, and Samson, but it was in 
"The Gladiator" that he made his first marked success. In the 
middle 90's he invaded the vaudeville field for a short time, 
but of late years, in addition to conducting a dramatic school 
in Washington, he has made several attempts at starring under 
his own management in the smaller cities. Mr. Downing has 
been married three times. His first wife, Minnie Milspaugh, 
died upon the birth of their daughter, Minnie Roberto Downing. 
Miss Eugenie Blair was his second; while his present one was 
formerly Mrs. Helene Kirkpatrick. Mr. Downing's home is at 
Edgemore, Bennings, D. C. 

DRESSIER, Miss Marie: 

Comedienne, was born in Ccbourg, Canada. She made her 
first appearance on the stage when she was sixteen years old 
as Cigarette in a dramatization of "Under Two Flags" by her 
brother-in-law, Richard Ganthony, also the author of "A Message 
from Mars." Her next role was Katisha in "The Mikado" with 
the Baker Opera Company. Her first appearance in New York 
was at the Fifth Avenue Theatre as Cunigonde in "The Robber 
of the Rhine," an opera of which Maurice Barrymore wrote the 
book and Charles Puerner the music, this following a tour with 
the Bennett & Moulton Opera Company, in which she played 
thirty-eight different operatic roles, ranging from the prima 
donna's part to that of an old woman. She won favor for the 
first time when she appeared with Camille D'Arville in "Made- 
leine; or, The Magic Kiss," and became still more prominent on 
the stage as the Queen in "1492." After playing with Eddie Foy 
in "Little Robinson Crusoe" in Chicago she appeared for a time 
at the Garden Theatre, New York, under the management of the 
late A. M. Palmer. Following her support of Miss Lillian Rus- 



138 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

sell in "My Lady Nicotine," she was engaged by George W. 
Lederer to create at the Casino, New York, the part of Flo 
Honeydew in "The Lady Slavey," the late Dan Daly also being 
in the cast. In this she made the chief success of her career. 
Her next important roles were the leading comedy parts in 
"Hotel Topsy Turvey," and "The Man in the Moon," produced 
at the New York Theatre, New York. She appeared as a star in 
"Miss Prinnt" and, when that was retired, played leading roles 
In "The King's Carnival," and "The Hall of Fame," at the New 
York Theatre. After recovering from a serious illness in 1905 
she was engaged by Joe Weber, and became the feature of "Hig- 
gledy-Piggledy," "The College Widower," "Twiddle Twaddle," 
and "The Squaw Man's Girl of the Golden West," produced at 
his Broadway (New York) music hall. The fall of 1906 she 
again joined the Weber company. The season of 1907-8 she 
appeared in vaudeville in London, England. 

DREW, John: 

Actor, was born in Philadelphia in November, 1853. His 
father, John Drew, was a celebrated comedian and Irish charac- 
ter actor. His mother was for many years a famous actress, 
one of her last successes being as Mrs. Malaprop with Joseph 
Jefferson in "The Rivals." John Drew, Sr., was manager of 
the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, when he died in 1862. 
and Mrs. Drew maintained a stock company at that theatre 
until 1877. She died August 31, 1897. John Drew, the younger, 
was educated at the Protestant Episcopal Academy in Philadel- 
phia, and did not adopt the stage as a profession until he was 
twenty years old. He made his first appearance at the Arch 
Street Theatre under his mother's management March 23, 1873, 
as Plumper in the farce "Cool as a Cucumber." He next played 
Hornblower in "The Laughing Hyena," and during the next two 
years played many small parts, to use his own words, "without 
making a particular impression with either the audience or 
myself." Augustin Daly first saw John Drew in the part of 
Major Alfred Steele in a three-act comedy, "Women of the Day," 
in January, 1875. The manager bought the comedy and pro- 
duced it at his New York theatre with James Lewis in the lead- 
ing part. A few weeks later he engaged Mr. Drew and in Feb- 
ruary, 1875, John Drew made his first appearance in New York 
with the Daly company as Bob Ruggles in "The Big Bonanza." 
Then he appeared in "Pique" and many light comedies. He 
played his first Shakespearian part in 1876 in support of Ed- 
win Booth, who had rented Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre for a 
season. Mr. Drew's part was Rosencrantz in "Hamlet." He 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 139 

also played Frangois in "Richelieu," Exton in "Richard II," 
Clavis in "The Lady of Lyons," Francis in "The Stranger," and 
Hortensio in "The Taming of the Shrew." The seasons of 1877-8 
were spent in support of Fanny Davenport, who toured the 
country in "As You Like It" and other Daly successes. The 
season of 1878-9 was spent with Frederick Warde and Maurice 
Barrymore, who toured the country as joint stars, Mr. Drew 
playing Henry Beauclerc in "Diplomacy." In 1880 Mr. Daly 
founded the theatre in Broadway, New York, which still bears 
his name, and John Drew became his leading man, a place he 
occupied for twelve years. In that time he created a large num- 
ber of light comedy roles, besides appearing in many Shake- 
spearian plays and revivals of old standard comedies. In the 
older plays his conspicuous successes were in "The Inconstant," 
"She Would and She Wouldn't," "The Country Girl," and "The 
School for Scandal." In Mr. Daly's adaptations from the French 
and the German he made personal successes in "The Railroad 
of Love," "Dollars and Sense," "A Night Off," "Nancy & Co.," 
""7-20-8," "The Last Word," and "Love in Tandem," usually 
sharing the honors with Ada Rehan. Mr. Drew's work was 
favorably received in London and Paris during the visits of 
the Daly company to Europe in 1884, 1886, 1888 and 1890. In 
1892 John Drew became a star under the direction of Charles 
Frohman, making his first appearance at Palmer's Theatre, New 
York, October 3, in Clyde Fitch's adaptation of Alexandre Bis- 
son's comedy, "The Masked Ball." Mr. Drew starred as Fred- 
erick Ossian in "The Butterflies," by Henry Guy Carleton; in 
""Christopher, Jr.," by Madeline Lucette Riley; in "The Bauble 
Shop," by Henry Arthur Jones; as Sir Jasper Thorndyke in 
"Rosemary"; in "A Marriage of Convenience"; as Major Dick 
Rudyard in "One Summer's Day," by Henry V. Esmond, and as 
Sir Christopher Deering in "The Liars," by Henry Arthur Jones. 
Other plays in which he has starred are: "The Tyranny of 
Tears," 1899-1900; "Richard Carvel," 1900-1; "The Second in 
Command," 1901-2; "The Mummy and the Humming Bird," 
1902-3; "Captain Dieppe," 1903-4; "The Duke of Killicrankie," 
1904-5, and "De Lancey," 1905-6. The season of 1906-7 Mr. Drew 
starred in "His House in Order," and the season of 1907-8 in 
"My Wife," opening at the Empire Theatre, New York, August 
31, 1907. Mr. Drew married Josephine Baker, of Philadelphia, 
and they have one daughter. Their home is at Easthampton, 
Long Island. Mr. Drew is a member of The Players, The Lambs, 
the Green Room Club, the Actors' Fund Association, the Racquet 
and Tennis Club, the Brook Club and the Westchester County 
Club, all of New York. 



140 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

DROUET, Robert: 

Actor and playwright, was born in Clinton, Iowa, in 1870. 
He joined a traveling theatrical company when he was sixteen 
years old and soon became a manager on his own account, play- 
ing a round of Shakespearian plays. He played leading parts 
in support of Robert Downing, and appeared as General Dela- 
rouche in "Paul Kauvar," supporting Joseph Haworth and Miss 
Effie Ellsler. Mr. Drouet supported Clara Bloodgood in Clyde 
Fitch's "Girl with the Green Eyes," produced at the Savoy Thea- 
tre, New York, in 1903, and appeared in "A Woman in the 
Case" at the Herald Square Theatre. Later he played in "Citi- 
zen Pierre," and made a pronounced success as John Storm in 
"The Christian" with Miss Viola Allen, succeeding Edwin Mor- 
gan in that r61e. With Mary Mannering Mr. Drouet played 
Colonel Jack Brereton in "Janice Meredith" at Wallack's Thea- 
tre, New York. On October 20, 1906, he appeared as Arnold 
King in Cora Maynard's "The Measure of a Man" at Weber's 
Theatre, New York, and in the fall of 1907 was seen in "The 
Mills of the Gods." Mr. Drouet married Miss Mildred Loring 
October, 1897. He is the author of several plays, including 
"The White Czar," "Montana," "Doris," and "An Idyll of Vir- 
ginia." He is a member of The Players and The Lambs, New 
York. 

DUNBAR, Erroll: 

Actor, made his d6but in Lester Wallack's company about 
twenty-five years ago, and has played prominent and leading 
parts in the support of Mrs. Fiske, Mme. Modjeska, Miss Fanny 
Davenport, Mile. Rhea, Miss Marie Wainwright, Miss Blanche 
Walsh, Miss Elita Proctor Otis, Mrs. Brune, Miss Fritzi Scheff, 
George Fawcett Rowe, Lawrence Barrett, John McCullough, 
Louis James and Robert Mantell. He has also been connected 
with many stock companies, notably the Boston Museum. In 
the past few years Mr. Dunbar has been leading man in the 
"Young Mrs. Winthrop" company, and has been featured in 
Morrison's "Faust," in which he played Mephisto four seasons. 
Mr. Dunbar's last important engagement was in "Sherlock 
Holmes," in which he was featured in the title role for two 
seasons. He is a member of The Players. 

DUNCAN, Malcolm: 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., September 19, 1878. He 
was educated in Brooklyn and, deciding to adopt the stage as 
a profession, he obtained an engagement with Richard Mans- 
field and made his first appearance as the Second Guardsman 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 141 

in "Cyrano de Bergerac" at the Hollis Theatre, Boston, October 
2, 1899. He remained with Mr. Mansfield two years, playing 
the Duke of Bedford in "Henry V" and various parts in reper- 
toire. The season of 1901-2 he played George Osborne in "Becky 
Sharp," and Adrien de Bouvray in "Colinette" with Miss Ger- 
trude Coghlan. The following season he supported Miss Amelia 
Bingham, playing Goderby in "The Climbers" and also Fred- 
erick in the same play later in the season. The fall of 1903 he 
played Clyde Hollister in "At Cozy Corners," and the latter part 
of the season he was with Miss Virginia Harned, playing Jack 
Clomnel in "The Light That Lies in Women's Eyes," and Gus- 
tive summer stock engagements at the Columbia Theatre, Wash- 
ton in Maurice Campbell's production of "The Raven," by George 
C. Hazeltine. The fall of 1905 he played Heindrich Vedder in 
"Rip Van Winkle" with Thomas Jefferson, and he created the 
part of Captain Bixby in Benjamin Chapin's production of "Lin- 
coln" at the Liberty Theatre, New York, March 26, 1906, mak- 
ing his first marked success. Mr. Duncan was then engaged by 
Henry B. Harris to play the part of Jefferson Ryder in "The 
Lion and the Mouse," in which he made a hit at the Hudson 
Theatre, New York. Mr. Duncan has also played four consecu- 
tive summer stock engagements at the Columbia Theatre, Wash- 
ington, D. C., in conjunction with Edwin Arden, Guy Standing 
and Wilton Lackaye. His favorite recreations are tennis and 
swimming. His summer address is at Spring Lake, N. J. 

DUPREE, Miss Minnie: 

Actress, was born in California, where she gained her first 
stage experience. She came into prominence while playing in 
"The Heart of Maryland" under the management of David Be- 
lasco. She played with Miss Blanche Bates in special mati- 
nees of "Hedda Gabler" at the Belasco Theatre, New York; 
then she created the part of Helen Stanton in "The Music Mas- 
ter" with David Warfield, playing it for two seasons. She has 
also been seen in "Two Little Vagrants," in "Old Heidelberg" 
with Richard Mansfield, in "The Climbers," and in " 'Way Down 
East" with Miss Phoebe Davis. She made her first great suc- 
cess as Elspeth Tyrell in "The Road to Yesterday," produced 
at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1906, 
and continued with it the season of 1907-8. 

DUSE, Miss Eleanora: 

Actress, was born in a wagon on a road in the vicinity of 
"Venice October 3, 1859, being the daughter of traveling players. 



142 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

She appeared in her childhood days with her parents in their 
repertoire of crude dramas in provincial towns, finally drifting 
away from them to appear in occasional engagements with road 
companies. It was not until 1883, however, that her talents 
became recognized, and she was pronounced one of the world's 
greatest tragediennes. She toured Europe in such plays as 
"Magda," "La Tosca," and "La Dame aux Camellias," finally 
coming to America and opening at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York, in January, 1892, playing her famous rdles. She 
returned to England for a three-year engagement, visiting: 
America again in 1896. She was seen in this country in 1902 
also, but, owing to her inability to please the American public 
with Gabriel D'Annunzio's plays, her tour was unsuccessful 
and ended somewhat abruptly. She returned to Europe, assum- 
ing her old, better-liked parts. 

DWYER, Miss Ada (Mrs. Harold Russell) : 

Actress, was born in Salt Lake City and educated in Boston.. 
She appeared there and in Salt Lake City in amateur theatricals. 
Her first professional appearance was in the melodrama "Alone 
in London." After that she played the star role in "Nan," and 
in 1890 appeared at Miner's Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, in 
"One Error." The following year she played Donna Julia in "Don 
Juan" with the late Richard Mansfield at the Garden Theatre, 
New York. In 1892 she was seen as Mrs. Greenthorn in "Hus- 
band and AVife," and the two following seasons played Madge in 
"Across the Potomac" and Mabel Wentworth in "A Woman's Re- 
venge." Then followed three years as Roxy in "Pudd'nhead Wil- 
son" with the late Frank Mayo. In 1899 she was seen in "Chil- 
dren of the Ghetto" at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, 
and for successive seasons played Grandma Gates in "The Lost 
River," Fanchette in "A Gentleman of France" with Kyrle Bellew, 
Deborah in "Audrey," Lady Capulet in an all-star cast of "Romeo 
and Juliet," and Mrs. Leadbatter in "Merely Mary Ann" with 
Miss Eleanor Robson, both in this country and in London. She 
also played Juanita in "The Dictator," in London, with William 
Collier, and in the spring of 1906 was seen as Mrs. Waring in 
"The Girl Who Has Everything" in this country. The fall of 
1906 she played Biddy O'Mulligan in "Nurse Marjory" at the 
Liberty Theatre, New York; Mrs. Kelly in "A Tenement Trag- 
edy," Elizabeth Raffleton in "Susan in Search of a Husband," 
and Lize Heath in "Salomy Jane," which she continued to play 
the season of 1907-8. She also recently appeared as the Queen 
in Browning's "In a Balcony." 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 143. 

DYETT, Walter Fairman: 

Actor, was born in Auburn, N. Y., in 1873. He was educated 
at Berkeley School, New York, and Trinity College, Hartford, 
Conn. While at college he was prominently identified with dra- 
matic entertainments, and upon assuming commercial business 
he still was associated with amateur theatricals, appearing in 
many plays produced by The Strollers in New York. Mr. Dyett 
made his first professional appearance in vaudeville in a sketch 
entitled "Wanted, a Groom," which proved a success. After a 
short season with the Proctor Stock Company at the Fifth Ave- 
nue Theatre, New York, he appeared in a musical comedy called 
"Cupid & Co.," scoring his first pronounced success. Mr. Dyett 
first appeared in New York as the Duke of Gadsbook in "Abi- 
gail," supporting Grace George under the management of Will- 
iam A. Brady in 1904. The season of 1905-6 he was in the 
cast of "His Majesty." The fall season of 1906 Mr. Dyett played 
Artie Endicott in "The Social Whirl," opening at the Casino- 
Theatre, New York, and afterward touring the country under 
the management of the Shuberts. The fall of 1907 he was seen 
in Alfred E. Aarons's "Yama" at the Walnut Street Theatre, 
Philadelphia. Mr. Dyett is a member of the Green Room Clul> 
and The Strollers, New York. 

EARL, Miss Virginia: 

Actress and light opera prima donna, was born in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, August 6, 1875. She made her first appearance on 
the stage as Nanki-Poo in "The Mikado" in 1887 while a mem- 
ber of the Home Juvenile Opera Company. She also played 
the principal tenor parts in "Patience," "Pinafcre," and "The 
Pirates of Penzance" with this organization. A Western tour 
with the Pike Opera Company ended in San Francisco, where 
Miss Earl joined Hallen and Hart, playing in "Later On" with 
them for two seasons. Miss Earl's next engagement was with Ed- 
ward E. Rice under whose management she spent three years 
in Australia, playing Gabriel in "Evangeline," Taggs in "The 
County Fair," Fedora in "The Corsair," and Dan Deny in "Cin- 
derella." Returning to this country, Miss Earl played the 
Lunch Counter Girl in Hoyt's farce, "A Hole in the Ground." 
Then she joined the D. W. Truss Opera Company, playing Ma- 
taya in "Wang" on the road for two seasons. Following this 
she made her first appearance in New York in 1893, being en- 
gaged for the Casino Theatre, where her first role was in "The 
Passing Show." Roles in "The Merry World," in "Gay New 
York," and in "The Lady Slavey" followed. After four seasons. 
at the Casino Miss Earl was engaged by Augustin Daly to play 



144 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Mollie Seamore in "The Geisha" in 1897. Under Mr. Daly's 
management she also played Flora in "Meg Merrilies," Ada 
Rehan's Maid in "The Wonder" and in several Shakespearian 
plays. Her Ariel in "The Tempest" called forth praise. Then 
Miss Earl again slipped back into musical comedy, winning 
laurels as Dora in "The Circus Girl," and Winifred Grey in 
"A Runaway Girl." The death of Augustin Daly terminated 
Miss Earl's career at the theatre bearing his name, and she 
went back to the Casino in 1900, making her reappearance in 
"The Casino Girl." In the fall of the same year Miss Earl 
played in "The Girl from Up There" under the management of 
Charles Frohman, and later in "The Belle of Bohemia." The 
season of 1901-2 she played in "Florodora" at the New York 
Theatre Winter Garden. The following season she starred in 
"Sergeant Kitty" under the management of George R. White. 
For the last few years Miss Earl has been seen chiefly at the 
vaudeville houses. Miss Earl was married to Frank Lawton, 
who at the time was playing the Dancing Master and doing a 
whistling specialty in "The Milk White Flag" at Hoyt's Thea- 
tre, New York, October 15, 1894. She obtained a divorce from 
him eight years later. 

EDESON, Robert: 

Was born in New Orleans in 1868, his father, George R. 
Edeson, being a well-known comedian and stage manager. He 
was educated in Brooklyn, N. Y., and in 1886 became box office 
clerk at the Park Theatre there, then under the management 
of Colonel Sinn. The following year, when Cora Tanner was 
to produce "Fascination" there, an actor cast for a minor part 
became ill. The Colonel was in a dilemma. Young Edeson vol- 
unteered to play the part, and Colonel Sinn offered to bet him 
a hundred dollars he could not succeed. But Edeson did suc- 
ceed, and for his first appearance on any stage he earned one 
hundred dollars in a night. The following season Mr. Edeson 
played a juvenile part in a small company presenting Augustin 
Daly's "A Night Off." After a season with "The Dark Secret" 
Mr. Edeson joined Charles Dickson's company, playing in "In- 
cog." In this company he met Ellen Burg, an actress, whom he 
made his wife. She died in June, 1906. In 1890 he played the 
Rev. Mr. Moore in "The Good Old Times" at the Fourteenth 
Street Theatre, New York. In 1892 he was a member of Hoyt's 
Madison Square Theatre company, with which he played in 
"The Charms of Music," "That Cowboy," "A Modest Model," and 
"A Mere Pretence." In December, 1884, he joined the Empire 
Theatre company, remaining with it three years, during which 




ROBERT EDESON 



146 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

time he played in "The Masqueraders," "John a-Dreams," "Mar- 
riage," "Under the Red Robe," "A Man and His Wife," and "The 
Little Minister." Mr. Bdeson played in "Thoroughbred" at the 
Garrick, New York, the spring of 1897. His next prominent 
engagement was as Captain Carew in "His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor" at the Lyceum, New York, May 1, 1899, and as David 
Brandon in "The Children of the Ghetto" at the Herald Square 
Theatre the following November. He played the same part a 
month later at the Adelphi Theatre, London. During 1900 he 
was seen in "The Greatest Thing in the World," and "The Mo- 
ment of Death," at Wallack's, New York. After an engagement 
with Miss Amelia Bingham in "The Climbers" Mr. Edeson be- 
came a star in the dramatization of Richard Harding Davis's 
"Soldiers of Fortune" at the Savoy Theatre, New York, March, 
1902. He afterward starred in "The Rector's Garden," "Ran- 
son's Folly," and "Strongheart," which latter he played in Lon- 
don the spring season of 1907. The season of 1907-8 he starred 
in "Classmates," opening at the Hudson Theatre, New York, 
August 29, 1907, appearing in a special performance of "The 
Sinner" in Philadelphia, Pa., January 2, 1908. 

EDISS, Miss Connie: 

Actress, was born in Brighton, England, August 11, 1877, 
and was educated there and in Edinburgh. She made her first 
appearance in the English music halls under the name of Con- 
nie Coutts, and was "discovered" by Ted Marks while singing 
at the Oxford, London. She made her first appearance on the 
regular stage at the Gaiety, London, playing Ada Smith in 
"The Shopgirl" in 1895. She then played the same part on a 
tour through this country. Returning to England, she played 
the Lady Mayoress in "My Girl" at the Gaiety, making a big 
success in the song, "The New Bully." At the same theatre, 
during a twelve years' engagement, she played Mrs. Drivelli in 
"The Circus Girl," Carmenita in "The Runaway Girl," Mrs. 
Bang in "The Messenger Boy," Mrs. Malton Hoppings in "The 
Toreador," Caroline Vokins in "The Orchid," the leading part 
in "The Spring Chicken," and the Spirit of the Ring in "The 
New Aladdin." She also played an intermediate engagement at 
the Lyric Theatre, London, as Miss Dimper in "The Silver Slip- 
per." Early in 1907 Miss Ediss took a trip to South Africa for 
the benefit of her health, and while there played engagements 
in vaudeville in Cape Town and Johannesburg. The season of 
1907-8 she appeared as Mrs. Schniff in "The Girl Behind the 
Counter" at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. The favor- 
ite pastimes of Miss Ediss are tennis and cricket playing, paint- 




CONNIE EDISS 



148 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ing, motoring and growing vegetables. Her home is at 103 
West Seventy-seventh, street, New York. 

EBERLE, Eugene A.: 

Actor, was born April 7, 1840; is an actor by inheritance, 
as his grandfather, Adam Eberle, was an actor, and his father, 
Charles Eberle, and Edwin Forrest made their professional d- 
buts together in a circus, Eberle playing cornet and Forrest do- 
ing flip-flaps. Eugene was carried on the stage when he was 
four months old at Bangor, Me. Twenty years afterward he 
made his debut in the same city, playing Paris in "Romeo and 
Juliet." After a season in an "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company, 
which was transformed into a minstrel show, Mr. Eberle sup- 
ported Charlotte Cushman, playing the Apothecary in "Romeo 
and Juliet," and the Surveyor in "Henry VIII." He then went 
to New York to play at the Winter Garden under W. M. Flem- 
ing at a salary of six dollars a week, which he never got. Mag- 
gie Mitchell followed Fleming, and Mr. Eberle became second 
low comedian at the Winter Garden under Stuart, Booth and 
Clark. He remained there four years, eventually becoming 
first comedian. He played in the hundred nights' run of "Ham- 
let," in which Edwin Booth was the Dane and Charles Kemble 
Mason the Ghost. Eberle first played Second Gravedigger and 
about the middle of the run succeeded Thomas Placide as First 
Gravedigger. He played with the Booth brothers in "Julius 
Caesar" the night in 1863 when Southern sympathizers tried to 
burn New York. Edwin Booth was the Brutus; Junius Brutus 
Booth, Jr., the Cassius, and John Wilkes the Marc Antony. 
Just as John Wilkes began the funeral oration the fire depart- 
ment broke in in time to prevent the firing of the theatre. After 
many engagements in support of stars and in stock companies, 
including those at the Leland Opera House, Albany, and the 
Boston Theatre, Mr. Eberle joined the Joseph Jefferson com- 
pany, playing Tackleton in "The Cricket on the Hearth," and 
Cockles in "Rip Van Winkle" in the season of 1885-6. The next 
year he supported Madame Janauschek, playing Dominie Samp- 
son in "Meg Merrilies," which he had previously played with 
Charlotte Cushman. Then came three seasons with "The Still 
Alarm." In 1890-1 he was with A. M. Palmer's "Aunt Jack" 
company. Since then he has played in "Colonel Carter of Car- 
tersville," "Across the Potomac," "Shiloh," etc., and he has sup- 
ported Robert Mantell and Margaret Mather. He played four 
seasons with Otis Skinner and two with Annie Russell, playing 
Pete in "Mice and Men," and old Parling in "The Younger Miss 
Parling." He then played another season with Skinner, and 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 143 

the seasons of 1906-7-8 was seen as Senator Roberts in the 
original "The Lion and the Mouse" company, opening at the 
Lyceum Theatre, New York. His permanent address is Box 32, 
Chatham, N. Y. 

EDWARDES, George: 

Manager, was born in Dublin in 1852 and was intended for 
the army, but while "cramming" he was asked by his uncle, the 
late Michael Gunn, a Dublin theatrical manager, to look after 
his company, which was touring in "The Lady of Lyons." This 
glimpse of management decided him to join the profession. He 
went to London with introductions from Gunn and was engaged 
by D'Oyley Carte as business manager of the Opera Comique, 
and afterward of the Savoy. He continued so until 1882, when 
he formed a syndicate and leased the Gaiety Theatre from the 
late John Hollingshead, becoming its sole manager. He pro- 
duced "Jack Sheppard," the first of a long series of Gaiety suc- 
cesses. "Monte Cristo," "Esmeralda," "Ruy Bias, 1 ' and "Carmen- 
Up-To-Date" followed. Mr. Edwardes was the originator of that 
class of entertainment known as "musical comedies," the first 
big successes in this line being "The Shop Girl," "A Gaiety Girl," 
and "A Runaway Girl." He became lessee of Daly's Theatre, 
London, after Augustin Daly's death, and there produced a suc- 
cession of musical comedies, including "An Artist's Model," 
"Florodora," "The Geisha," "San Toy" and many others equally 
popular. These and the Gaiety plays were toured all over Eng- 
land and the United States. Mr. Edwardes has managed or 
been interested in many other theatres, either alone or in part- 
nership with Charles Frohman, Frank Curzon and other well- 
known managers. Practically all the pieces which he has pro- 
duced have been seen in the United States, South Africa and 
Australasia. He is the busiest and most experienced theatrical 
manager in London at the present time, if not in the entire 
world. His chief recreation is horse racing, and he owns a fine 
stable which is under the control of his brother, Major Ed- 
wardes. Mr. Edwardes married in 1885 Julia Gwynn, an ac- 
tress, who created many parts in the early operas of Gilbert 
and Sullivan at the Savoy Theatre, London. 

EDWARDES, Miss Paula: 

Actress, was born in Boston, Mass., and educated at the 
Convent of the Sacred Heart in Philadelphia. Her first appear- 
ance on the stage was made in the chorus of Thomas Q. Sea- 
brooke's production of "Tobasco," and on March 1, 1897, opened 
at the Casino Theatre, New York, as Mariolle in "La Falote." 



150 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

In September of the same year she appeared as Mamie in "The 
Belle of New York," and went with that piece to London in 
1898, playing at the Shaftesbury Theatre. She returned to New 
York soon after, and was engaged for the Augustin Daly com- 
pany, appearing as Carmenita in "A Runaway Girl" at Daly's 
Theatre August 25, 1898. While a member of that organization 
she played the role of Louisa Jupp in "The Great Ruby," and in 
May, 1902, appeared in "The Show Girl" at Wallack's Theatre, 
New York. Two months later she joined "The Defender" at the 
Herald Square Theatre, and in 1903 became a star, appearing 
as Winnie Walker in "Winsome Winnie." The seasons of 1905- 
6-7 she starred in "The Princess Beggar." 

EDWARDS, Fred: 

Actor and stage manager, was born in Manchester, England, 
August 21, 1860, and before entering the theatrical profession 
was an artist. In 1882 he joined the Royal English Opera Com- 
pany, of which his brother, Julian Edwards, the well-known com- 
poser, was at that time the musical director, and he appeared in 
several second baritone parts, such as Valentine in "Musette," 
the Marquis in "Maritana," and Alessio in "La Sonnambula." He 
started his career as stage manager in Hull, England, in 1884, 
and afterward was at Covent Garden, London, in that capacity. 
He then joined the "Falka" company, appearing as Tancred in 
that opera. He produced "Pepita" at Liverpool in 1887, and at 
Toole's Theatre in London in 1889. He came to this country in 
1892 and acted as stage manager to the companies of Annie 
Pixley, David Henderson, the late E. J. Henley, Henry E. Dixey 
and Catherine Clemmons. He made a long tour with Albert 
Chevalier, returning to England with him to produce "The Land 
of Nod." In 1904 he returned to this country and has since 
been stage manager with Harrison Grey Fiske, F. C. Whitney 
and with "The Girl and the Governor" company. His home is 
at 14 Fairfield road, Ludlow Park, Yonkers, N. Y. 

EDWARDS, Julian: 

Composer, was born in Manchester, England, December 17, 
1855. He came from a well-known Scottish musical family, and 
his sisters, Fanny (Mrs. Harry Clifton) and Annie (Mrs. Red- 
fern Hollins), were well known on the English operatic stage. 
His early days were spent in Edinburgh, and he first studied 
music at the University there under Sir Herbert Oakeley. For 
some years Mr. Edwards was associated with the Carl Rosa 
Opera Company, and in 1880 he became conductor of the Royal 
English Opera Company, a place he occupied for six or seven 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 151 

years. The first important work from his pen was "Victorian," 
a grand opera in four acts, the book of which was founded on 
Longfellow's poem, "The Spanish Student." This was produced 
at Sheffield, England, March 6, 1883, and afterward played at 
Covent Garden Theatre, London. Mr. Edwards came to this 
country in 1888 and became musical director for many light 
opera companies. While associated with the Digby Bell com- 
pany his first light opera, "Jupiter," book by Harry B. Smith, 
was produced April 14, 1892, in Washington, D. C. It had a 
run of three hundred nights. At Herrmann's Theatre, New 
York, on January 20, 1893, the first joint production of Stan- 
islaus Stange and Julian Edwards was produced by the Manola- 
Mason company. It was a musical comedy, "Friend Fritz," 
founded on the Erckman-Chatrain romance. Mr. Edwards's next 
and most ambitious production in this country was a grand 
opera in miniature, "King Rene's Daughter," first played at 
Herrmann's Theatre, New York, November 22, 1893. "Made- 
leine; or, The Magic Kiss," by Stange and Edwards, was pro- 
duced at the Tremont Theatre, Boston, July 31, 1894, and after- 
ward ran three months at the Bijou Theatre, New York. "The 
Goddess of Truth," written for Lillian Russell, was produced 
at Abbey's Theatre, New York, in February, 1896, and on Octo- 
ber 18 of the same year "Brian Boru," produced at the Broad- 
way Theatre, New York, met with marked success. Later operas 
composed by Mr. Edwards have been: "The Wedding Day," In 
which Lillian Russell, Delia Fox and Jefferson De Angelis ap- 
peared at the Casino Theatre, New York; "Dolly Varden," writ- 
ten for Lulu Glaser; "When Johnny Comes Marching Home," 
"Princess Chic," "The Jolly Musketeer," "Love's Lottery," and 
"The Girl and the Governor." Mr. Edwards is also the com- 
poser of the grand operas "Elfinella" and "Corinne," as yet not 
produced. Also the cantatas "The Redeemer" and "The Mer- 
maid." Mr. Edwards married in New York January 9, 1889, 
Philippine Siedle, a well-known English prima donna. He is a 
member of The Players, The Lambs and the Lotos clubs and 
the Manuscript Society, New York. His home is at Sunnyside 
Drive, Ludlow, Yonkers, N. Y. 

ELEN, Gus (Ernest Augustus Elen) : 

Comedian, was born in London July 22, 1862, and began 
life in the Army Clothing Stores, subsequently becoming a seller 
of programmes at the Royal Aquarium, and was also a bar- 
tender. He first sang in the back rooms of East End saloons 
in London and with minstrel troupes on the beaches of sea- 
shore resorts. From there he drifted into fifth-rate music halls 



152 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in the suburbs of London, doing character and black-face acts. 
He first obtained recognition as a singer of coster songs, and 
quickly became famous at all the big music halls of England. 
Some of his most popular songs are: "Never Introduce Your 
Donah to a Pal," "Down the Road," " 'B Donno Where 'E Are," 
and "It's a Great Big Shame." He made his first appearance 
in this country in vaudeville at the New York Theatre under 
the management of Klaw and Erlanger the fall of 1907. His 
home is at Edith Villa, Thurleigh road, Balham, London. 

EGAN, Jefferson: 

Actor and grand opera tenor, was born in St. Paul, Minn., 
being the son of Patrick Egan, a well-known politician. He 
made his first stage appearance with Lawrence Barrett as a 
choir boy in "Rienzi" when only ten years old. He was edu- 
cated at the University of Minnesota and at the Eastern College, 
and acquired the profession of dentistry at the Philadelphia 
Dental College. He practised his profession in New York, only 
singing as an amateur until 1902 when he became leading tenor 
with the Boston Ideal Opera Company. In the fall of the same 
year he played the part of Lord Grasmere in "A Country Girl" 
at Daly's Theatre, New York. After much concert and oratorio 
work Mr. Egan went into vaudeville, starring in a one-act ope- 
retta the season of 1905-6. He had completed arrangements to 
star in an Irish drama with songs when he accepted an engage- 
ment to sing leading tenor roles with the National Opera Com- 
pany in Italy, opening at the Teatro Nazionale, Rome, in Oc- 
tober, 1907. The previous season he was heard in concerts in 
this country in company with Signer Ettora Mampana, the 
famous baritone; Mario Summarco and Mme. De Cisneros. Mr. 
Egan is a member of the Psi Omega Greek letter fraternity, 
the Knights of Columbus and many Irish societies, among which 
he is prominent as an Irish ballad singer. In October, 1906, 
Mr. Egan married Miss Lilian Britton, of New York, a grand 
opera soprano. His favorite pastimes are polo and cross-country 
riding. His address is Teatro Nazionale, Rome, Italy. 

ELLIOTT, Miss Gertrude (Mrs. Johnston Forbes-Robertson) : 
Actress, was born in Rockland, Me., her father being Thomas 
Dermot, a sea captain, of Oakland, Cal., and her sister Miss 
Maxine Elliott (Mrs. Nat C. Goodwin). Miss Gertrude made 
her first appearance in Miss Rose Coghlan's company in 1894 as 
Lady Stutfield In "A Woman of No Importance." The same year 
she played Pert in "London Assurance," and Mion in "Diplo- 
macy." In 1895 she was with Miss Marie Wainwright's com- 




JEFFERSON EGAN 



154 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

pany, and two years later appeared with. Nat Goodwin in "The 
Nominee," "In Missouri," "The Rivals," "A Gilded Fool," and 
"An American Citizen." She remained with Mr. Goodwin's com- 
pany two years, making pronounced successes as Madge in "The 
Cowboy and the Lady," and Angelica Knowlton in "Nathan 
Hale." She went to London in 1899, opening at the Court Thea- 
tre as Princess Angela in "A Royal Family." In September, 
1900, Miss Elliott joined the company of Forbes-Robertson, 
playing Ophelia to his Hamlet. She was married to Mr. Rob- 
ertson December 22, 1900, and has since been leading woman 
in his company. With her husband she returned to this coun- 
try in 1903, opening in "The Light That Failed" at the Knick- 
erbocker Theatre, New York, November 9. The season of 1906-7 
she again visited the United States, opening at the New Amster- 
dam Theatre, New York, October 29, 1906, as Cleopatra in 
"Caesar and Cleopatra," by G. Bernard Shaw. Miss Elliott's 
home is at 22 Bedford square, London, W. C. 

ELLIOTT, Miss Maxine (Mrs. Nathaniel C. Goodwin) : 

Actress, was born in Rockland, Me., February 5, 1873, and 
spent much of her childhood on a large sailing ship, of which 
her father, Thomas Dermot, of Oakland, Cal., was captain. Sub- 
sequently she spent about a year at the convent of Notre Dame, 
Roxbury, Mass., and went to New York when she was barely 
sixteen years old to begin the struggle of "carving out a ca- 
reer." She made her first appearance on any stage in the part 
of Felicia Umphraville in "The Middleman" the season of 
1890-1 in New York with E. S. Willard under the management 
of A. M. Palmer. She also played Virginia Fleetwood in "John 
Needham's Double," Beatrice Selwyn in "A Fool's Paradise," 
and Lady Gilding in "The Professor's Love Story." After that 
she joined "The Prodigal Daughter" company at the American 
Theatre, New York, and remained there to play the second part 
in "The Voyage of Suzette," which ran only two or three weeks. 
She then joined Rose Coghlan's company and played Dora in 
"Diplomacy," Grace Harkaway in "London Assurance," Alice 
Varney in "Forge t-Me-Not," and Mrs. Allenby in "A Woman of 
No Importance." Augustin Daly then engaged her, and at his 
theatre she appeared in the title role of "A Heart of Ruby," in 
"The Orient Express," in "A Bundle of Lies," and in "A Tragedy 
Rehearsal." She also played Silvia in "Two Gentlemen of Ve- 
rona," Hermia in "A Midsummer Night's Dream," and Olivia in 
"Twelfth Night." In 1895 she went to London with this com- 
pany, where her beauty attracted great attention. After a sum- 
mer engagement with the Daniel Frawley Stock Company in 




MAXINE ELLIOTT 



156 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

San Francisco she joined Nat Goodwin's company in 1896, be- 
coming his leading woman. In that year she obtained a divorce 
from her first husband, Geo. A. McDermott, a lawyer and mayor's 
marshal under Mayor Grace of New York. She was married to 
Mr. Goodwin February 20, 1898. With him she appeared as 
Portia in "The Merchant of Venice," Hennia in "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream," in "An American Citizen," "The Cowboy and 
the Lady," "When We Were Twenty-one" and many of the 
other plays in his large repertoire. The season of 1903-4 she 
was starred by Charles B. Dillingham in Clyde Fitch's play, 
"Her Own Way," and in 1905-6 in another Fitch play, "Her 
Great Match." Miss Elliott spends most of her leisure time 
abroad, having a town house in London. The season of 1907-8 
Miss Elliott starred in London and in this country in "Under 
the Greenwood Tree." 

ELLISTON, Miss Grace: 

Actress, was born in West Virginia and educated in Epis- 
copal schools. When she was seventeen years old it was planned 
that she should enter a convent, but, her father dying suddenly, 
it became necessary that she should aid the family, and the 
stage was selected as a medium. She made her first appear- 
ance with Daniel Frohman's company in "His Excellency the 
Governor." She was then in "The Tyranny of Tears" and 
"Wheels Within Wheels." Then followed three summers on the 
Coast, during which she played all kinds of parts with Henry 
Miller's company. She then appeared in "The Taming of Helen" 
at the Savoy Theatre, New York, where Richard Mansfield en- 
gaged her for his leading woman. She made her first big suc- 
cess with him in "Alt Heidelberg." Miss Elliston then played 
Olivia in "Twelfth Night" with Viola Allen, and then became 
leading woman with Nat Goodwin. Finally she played her best 
part, that of Mildred Gresham, with Sarah Cowell Lemoyne in 
Robert Browning's drama, "A Blot on the 'Scutcheon." The 
season of 1905-6 Miss Elliston created the part of Shirley Ross- 
more in "The Lion and the Mouse" at the Lyceum Theatre, New 
York. The fall of 1907 she was seen in "Dr. Wake's Patient" 
at the Garrick Theatre, New York. 

EMERY, Edward: 

Actor, was born in England; comes from one of the most 
famous families in the annals of the English stage. In 1780 his 
great-grandfather, John Emery, was a well-known actor and man- 
ager of a theatre in the town of Sunderland. His son, John An- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 157 

derson Emery, was a most popular London actor in the last 
century, and Edward Emery's father, the late Sam Emery, was 
the creator, on the English stage, of many of the characters in 
Dickens's plays, such as Dan'l Peggotty, Cap'n Cuttle, and John 
Browdie. Edward Emery's sister, Winifred Emery, the wife of 
Cyril Maude, the well-known London actor-manager, holds with 
Ellen Terry the first place in the hearts of English playgoers. 
Edward Emery first came to the United States with one of Sir 
Charles Wyndham's companies, and at the end of that company's 
tour in this country joined the forces of the late A. M. Palmer. 
He afterward played under the managements of Charles Froh- 
man, Liebler & Co., and Klaw & Erlanger. Early in 1906 he 
became a member of Margaret Anglin's "Zira" company, play- 
ing the part of Captain Sylvester. Characters in which he has 
achieved prominence have been Captain Redwood in "Jim the 
Penman," and Lord Robert Ure in "The Christian." 

ENGLANDER, Ludwig: 

Composer, was born in Austria and emigrated from Vienna 
to New York in 1882. He was conductor of the Thalia Theatre 
when Heinrich Conried was director of it, and there produced 
his first opera, "The Prince Consort." He occupied the same 
place at Amberg's German Theatre, where his opera "1776" was 
produced. His first stage score for the English stage was that 
for "The Passing Show," produced by George Lederer at the 
Casino, New York, in which Jefferson De Angelis played. He 
followed "The Passing Show" with "The Twentieth Century 
Girl." Then in succession followed "A Round of Pleasure" for 
the Rogers Brothers, "A Daughter of the Revolution" for Ca- 
mille D'Arville, "The Caliph" for Jefferson De Angelis, for Fran- 
cis Wilson "Half a King," "The Little Corporal," and "The 
Monks of Malabar; "The Rounders" for Thoma.s Q. Seabrooke, 
"In Gay Paree" for Mabelle Gilman, "The Casino Girl" for Vir- 
ginia Earle, "The Wild Rose" for Irene Bentley, "Sally in Our 
Alley" for Marie Cahill, "The Cadet Girl" for Christie MacDon- 
ald, "The Belle of Bohemia" for Sam Bernard, "The Office Boy" 
for Frank Daniels, "A Madcap Princess" for Lulu Glaser, and 
"The Two Roses" for Fritzi Scheff. His last score was that of 
"The Gay White Way," produced at the Casino Theatre the fall 
of 1907. In all, Mr. Englander has written the music for thirty- 
five operas. He is also well known as a writer of popular songs, 
more especially in collaboration with Harry B. Smith. His 
home is at 351 West One Hundred and Forty-fourth street, New 
York. 



158 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ERSKINE, Wallace: 

Actor, was born in England and became well known there 
before coming to this country, in 1899, to play in "A Little Ray 
of Sunshine," an English comedy, which met little success. Ob- 
taining an engagement with Charles Frohman he played in 
"The Surprises of Love" at the Lyceum Theatre, New York. The 
season of 1900-1 he played in "When Hearts Are Trumps," and 
"To Have and To Hold," at the Knickerbocker Theatre, and the 
following season was with Miss Virginia Harned. playing Uncle 
Jason in "Alice of Old Vincennes." The season of 1902-3 Mr. 
Brskine was with William Faversham in "Imprudence," after 
which he joined the Proctor Stock Company at the Fifth Ave- 
nue Theatre, New York. He was also seen in "The Duke of 
Killicrankie" with Miss Rose Coghlan. The season of 1906-7 he 
played the Earl of Huntington in "The Prince Chap" with Cyril 
Scott. 

ESMOND, Henry V. (Henry V. Jack) : 

Actor and playwright, was born near London, England, No- 
vember 30, 1869. He made his first appearance on the stage in 
a provincial company in 1885, and was first seen in London in 
"The Panel Picture" at the Opera Comique in 1889, afterward 
playing character parts under the management of George Alex- 
ander. He began writing for the stage in 1892, his first play 
being "Rest." Since then he has written several plays, the most 
successful of which are "One Summer's Day," produced in 1897: 
"Grierson's Way," 1899; "The Wilderness," "When We Were 
Twenty-one," 1901; "My Lady Virtue," 1902; "Billy's Little Love 
Affair," 1903, and "Under the Greenwood Tree," 1907. 

EUSTACE, Miss Jennie A.: 

Actress, was born in Troy, N. Y., October 23, 1865, and was 
educated at the public schools in Elmira. Her first appearance 
was made at Yonkers, N. Y., in 1885 in Clement Scott's drama, 
"The Cape Mail." The next season she joined A. M. Palmer's 
Stock Company, playing Constance Grey in "Our Society," and 
then appeared as Mrs. Ralston in "Jim the Penman" with signal 
success. In 1891 she was seen at the Madison Square Theatre. 
New York, in "Esther Sandraz," supporting Amy Roselle, and 
then as Mildred Page in "Alabama" under Mr. Palmer's man- 
agement. The following year she created the roles of Donna 
Ria in "The King of Peru," and Catherine in "The Story of Ro- 
din the Student," supporting the late Richard Mansfield in both. 
In 1896 Miss Eustice went abroad and toured the English prov- 
inces in "Madame San Gene" with Henry Irving. Upon her re- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 159 

turn to America she appeared with John Drew in "The Liars," 
and subsequently in "If I Were King" under the management 
of Daniel Frohman, and as Queen Getrude to the Hamlet of 
both E. H. Sothern and Forbes Robertson. The season of 1905-6 
she was with Digby Bell in "The Education of Mr. Pipp," and 
that of 1906-7 was seen as Mrs. McLane in "Boys of Company 
B." The season of 1907-8 Miss Eustace played Mrs. Helen Whip- 
pie in "The Witching Hour," by Augustus Thomas, at the 
Hackett Theatre, New York. Miss Eustace's favorite recreation 
is walking. Her home is in Elmira, N. Y. 

EVANS, Charles E.: 

Manager and actor, was born in Rochester, N. Y., September 
6, 1856. In an effort to pay for a piano bought for his school 
a series of entertainments was given by the pupils, and Evans 
was applauded so greatly by the audiences and the press that 
he decided to become a real actor. This was against the wishes 
of his parents, and he ran away from home. He first appeared 
in various vaudeville companies with James Niles in humorous 
sketches. In 1879 he made a tour across the continent with 
Tony Pastor. Three years later Mr. Evans was associated with 
Messrs. Bryant, Hoey and Niles in a company known as the 
Meteors. The French Sisters, who afterward became the wives 
of Messrs. Hoey and Evans, were members of this organization. 
After the olio the company presented a farce called "The Book 
Agent," written for it by Frank Dumont. This farce, in which 
Mr. Evans was a book agent and Mr. Hoey a tramp, was so 
popular that they decided to have it elaborated into a farce- 
comedy. Charles Hoyt was engaged to do this work, and he 
produced from it "A Parlor Match," which was presented by 
Evans and Hoey for many years. The partnership of the two 
men was dissolved with the last performance of "A Parlor 
Match" in New York in 1894. Mr. Evans then abandoned his 
career as an actor and became a manager. He purchased the 
old Park Theatre at Broadway and Thirty-fifth street, New York, 
rebuilt and refurnished it and opened it as a theatre for the 
production of stars and new plays. He managed this house for 
several years under its new name, the Herald Square Theatre. 
He resigned the management of the house a few years ago to 
return to the stage, and has since been seen chiefly in vaudeville. 

EVERTON, Paul: 

Actor, was born in New York City September 19, 1868, and 
after appearing in various amateur performances made his pro- 
fessional debut in 1888, playing the role of Lord Leslie in "The 



160 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Hermit" with C. H. Forman. Later he joined the A. Y. Pearson 
Repertoire Company, and finished the season in "Around the 
World in Eighty Days." The season of 1889-90 he appeared in 
"Main Line," and with Effie Ellsler in repertoire. Subsequently 
he was seen in "Buckeye," and the seasons of 1891-2-3 supported 
Madame Janauschek. The seasons of 1893-4-5 he appeared with 
Kathryn Kidder in "Madame Sans Gene" on tour. The season 
of 1904-5 he was with Herbert Kelcey and Effie Shannon in 
"Taps," and in "Captain January" with Edna Wallace Hopper. 
The season of 1905-6 he played Prince Assam in "The School for 
Husbands." The season of 1907-8 he played John Burkett Ryder 
in one of the road companies of "The Lion and the Mouse." 

EVESSON, Miss Isabelle: 

Actress, was born in St. Louis in 1870. She was fourteen 
years old when she decided on a stage career. Her mother took 
her to Augustin Daly and she remained in his company two 
years, playing small parts and understudying. When she left 
Daly's Theatre she played a short engagement with Richard 
Mansfield, and then at Wallack's Theatre created the role of 
Fuchsia Leach in "Moths." After this she was leading woman 
at the Boston Museum for two seasons. Sir Charles Wyndhara 
saw her there and offered her a prominent part at his London 
theatre. Returning to the United States, she toured as Dearest 
in "Little Lord Fauntleroy." While playing Rosa Leigh in 
"Rosedale" she met and married a companion of her childhood, 
Almyr Wilder Cooper, a well-known newspaper man, nephew of 
Clark Davis, for many years editor of the Philadelphia Times. 
In less than two years Mr. Cooper was killed in an accident. 
His widow later assumed her maiden name, accepted an engage- 
ment from Charles Frohman and returned to the stage. Miss 
Evesson was leading woman at the American Theatre when it 
first opened with a stock company. She played two successful 
seasons with the Keith Stock Company at Providence, R. I. 
The season of 1904 she was starred in "In the Palace of the 
King," and the seasons of 1905-6 was leading woman at Proctor's 
Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. Her home is at 108 West 
Forty-fourth street, New York. 

EYTINGE, Miss Rose (Mrs. Cyril Searle) : 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia November 21, 1835. She 
was educated there and in Brooklyn, where she acted as an 
amateur. Her first professional appearance was as Melanie in 
Dion Boucicault's one-act drama, "The Old Guard/' at the Green 
Street Theatre, Albany, N. Y., with Hough's Dramatic Company 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 161 

in 1852. After ten years in stock companies she made her first 
appearance in New York at Niblo's Garden with Edwin Booth 
in "A Fool's Revenge" in 1862, and then went to Boston, open- 
ing at the Boston Theatre with E. L. Davenport and J. W. Wal- 
lack. In 1868 she was leading woman in Lester Wallack's com- 
pany, playing Nancy Sykes and Lady Gay Spanker with pro- 
nounced success at the old Star Theatre, New York. She left 
Wallack's management to go abroad, and after some years re- 
turned to the stage, appearing again in New York in "The Heart 
of Midlothian." She was next engaged by Augustin Daly for the 
heroine in the dramatization of Charles Reade's novel, "Griffith 
Gaunt." Again she went abroad and in 1872 returned, appear- 
ing under the management of A. M. Palmer at the Union Square 
Theatre, New York, creating in this country the parts of Rose 
Michel, Felicia and Gervaise in "Drink." For several seasons 
she was under Mrs. John Drew's management at the Arch Street 
Theatre, Philadelphia, and later went to the California Theatre, 
San Francisco. In 1880 Miss Eytinge made her third trip to 
London and supported Barry Sullivan and many other English 
stars. She returned to this country in 1884 and played numer- 
ous engagements. Of late years her appearances have been in- 
frequent, and she has devoted her time chiefly to teaching the 
art of acting and to writing for the magazines. She is tho 
author of a novel, "It Happened This Way," and a play, "Golden 
Chains." She appeared for a short time in "The Bishop's Car- 
riage" during the season of 1906-7, but, owing to ill health, was 
forced to retire from the cast. Miss Eytinge has been married 
thrice: first to David Barnes, next to George H. Butler, United 
States Consul-General to Egypt, and thirdly to Cyril Searle, an 
actor. Her home is at the Westminster Hotel, Irving place. 
New York. 

FARKOA, Maurice: 

Actor, was born in Smyrna, Egypt, April 23, 1864, and made 
his first appearance at Daly's London Theatre in "An Artist's 
Model" in 1895. For ten years he was associated with the pro- 
ductions of George Edwardes in London, and in 1906 he was 
engaged by Joseph Weber to appear at his theatre in New York 
as Henri D'Absinthe in "Dream City," and as Lohengin in "The 
Magic Knight," opening December 25, which parts he played the 
balance of the season. 

FARNUM, Dustin: 

Actor, was born at Hampton Beach, N. H., in 1876, his 
parents being G. D. and Clara Adele Farnum. He has two 



162 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

brothers, William and Marshall Farnum, who are also players. 
He began his stage career with his brother William while they 
were still attending school at Locksport, Me., appearing during 
the summer months in a singing specialty with a company of 
Thomas E. Shea and in a singing and dancing specialty with 
the "Hidden Hand" company. His first professional engage- 
ment was with the Ethel Tucker Repertoire Company, with 
which he toured the New England States. A season in stock 
at Buffalo followed. In 1899 he played his first important role 
and first attracted attention as Lieutenant Denton in Augustus 
Thomas's 'Arizona" under the management of the late Kirke 
La Shelle. He made the greatest success of his career as the 
Virginian, in the dramatization of Owen Wister's novel of that 
name by Mr. Wister and the late Kirke La Shelle, which opened 
in September, 1903, at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, and 
ran for three seasons. The season of 1907-8 Mr. Farnum starred 
in "The Ranger," by Augustus Thomas. He is an enthusiastic 
baseball "fan," and fond of yachting and automobiling. 

FARRELL, John J.: 

Actor, was born in Bangor, Me., and was graduated from 
the High School there in 1884. He immediately entered the 
theatrical profession, beginning at the bottom of the ladder. 
Eventually obtaining an engagement from Charles Frohman, he 
remained under his management for seven years, playing during 
that time the War Correspondent in "Held by the Enemy" for 
five consecutive seasons. Then followed two seasons with Stuart 
Robson, Mr. Farrell appearing as Antipholus of Ephesus in "The 
Comedy of Errors." He was next under the management of 
Davis & Keogh, playing leading parts in their melodramas. 
After special engagements with Nat Goodwin, and Jacob Litt, 
Mr. Farrell decided to devote himself to stock work, which he 
has since done chiefly in New Orleans, Chicago and Philadel- 
phia. 

FAUST, Miss Lotta (Mrs. Richie Ling) : 

Actress, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 8, 1880, and 
was educated at the public schools there. Before going on the 
stage she was a cash girl in the dry goods store of Abraham & 
Straus, Brooklyn. She made her first appearance when she was 
sixteen years old in Denman Thompson's "Sunshine of Paradise 
Alley." Her next engagement was in the chorus of "Jack an>I 
the Beanstalk," followed by a thinking part in "The Man in the 
Moon." Her first speaking part was that of the Duke of Buck- 
ingham in "My Lady." The following seasons she was in "Lib- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 163 

erty Belles," and "The Defender." She made her first promi- 
nent success in "The Wizard of Oz," her singing of the song 
"Sammy" being a notable feature. Since then she has been 
seen in "Wonderland" with Joseph Weber's company, and in 
"The White Hen." She has also done a singing specialty in 
vaudeville houses. The season of 1907-8 she was with Lew 
Fields in "The Girl Behind the Counter." Miss Faust was mar- 
ried to Richie Ling, the light opera tenor, in 1903. Her favorite 
pastimes are motoring, fishing and horse racing. Her perma- 
nent address is the St. James Hotel, New York City. 

FAVERSHAM, William Alfred: 

Actor, was born at 1 Bentic terrace, St. John's Wood, Lon- 
don, England, February 12, 1868. He was the youngest of thir- 
teen children. He had been on the English stage only a few 
months, when he came to New York in 1887 to support Helen 
Hastings at the Union Square Theatre. He afterward joined 
the Lyceum company, appearing as Robert Grey in "The Wife," 
and in "The Highest Bidder." Tiring of the stage, he returned 
to England, but came back to America at the end of 1888 and 
played Leo in Rider Haggard's "She." With Mrs. Minnie Mad- 
dern Fiske, Mr. Faversham played Carrol Glendenning in "In 
Spite of All," Jacob Henderson in "Caprice," Helmer in "A 
Doll's House," and Valentine and Don Stephano in "Feather- 
brain." Returning to the Lyceum company, he appeared as 
Clement Hale in "Sweet Lavender," Lord Seymour in "The 
Prince and the Pauper," and Alfred Hastings in "All the Com- 
forts of Home." After a season with Augustus Pitou Mr. Faver- 
sham v/ent :o the Empire Theatre, New York, and played sec- 
ond parts. The end of the second year he succeeded Henry Mil- 
ler as leading man, making his first appearance in that capacity 
as Gil de Berault in "Under the Red Robe," which ran the en- 
tire season. The following year he was the Eric von Rodeck 
of "The Conqueror" and the Lord Algy of "Lord and Lady 
Algy." Other parts played with the Empire company were Lieu- 
tenant John Hinds in "Brother Officers," Jack Martin in "My 
Lady's Lord," and Roger Ainslie in "A Man and His Wife." He 
also played in "Sowing the Wind," "Don Csesar," "Phroso," "John 
a-Dreams," "Imprudence," and "Letty"; and was the Romeo to 
the Juliet of Maude Adams. In March, 1902, Mrs. Marian Faver- 
sham, who was a widow when she was married to the actor ten 
years before, obtained an absolute divorce. The same year Mr. 
Faversham married Julie Opp, an actress. They have one son, 
William Crozier Faversham, born October 31, 1905. The sea- 
sons of 1906-7-8 Mr. Faversham was seen as Jim Carson in "The 



164 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Squaw Man," by Edwin Milton Royle, which was produced at 
Wallack's Theatre, New York, under the management of Liebler 
& Co. Mr. Faversham is one of the biggest breeders of bull ter- 
riers in America. He has a farm in the south of England, 
where he has imported the American trotting horse, the breed- 
ing of which he has found profitable. 

FEALY, Miss Maude (Mrs. Louis E. Slierwin) : 

Actress, was born in Memphis, Tenn., March 4, 1886. Her 
mother, Margaret Fealy, was on the stage for eighteen years, 
and now conducts the Tabor School of Acting at Denver, Colo. 
Miss Fealy first appeared on the stage at the age of four in the 
tableau of "Faust and Marguerite," her mother playing Mar 
guerite. As a pupil of her mother's school Miss Fealy appeared 
in public as Vera in "Moths," Juliet in "Romeo and Juliet," 
Galatea in "Pygmalion and Galatea," Louise in "The Two Or- 
phans," in "Sweet Lavender," and as Kathleen in "Mavourneen."' 
Sha was fourteen years old when Augustin Daly saw her play 
Juliet, and was so impressed that he engaged her for five years. 
Mr. Daly's death canceled this contract, and Miss Fealy was en- 
gaged for Eunice in "Quo Vadis," by F. C. Whitney, under 
v.hoso direction she made her first appearance in New York. 
This led to her engagement as leading woman by William Gil- 
lette. Miss Fealy, who at that time was sixteen years old, re- 
mained with Mr. Gillette for two seasons, playing in this coun- 
try and in England the role of Alice Faulkner in "Sherlock 
Holmes." Her work in England attracted E. S. Willard, with 
whom she played Lucy in "The Professor's Love Story," Mary 
in "The Middleman," Ada in "David Garrick," and Filaberta in 
"The Cardinal." Following this engagement Miss Fealy sup- 
ported Orrin Johnson as a co-star in "Hearts Courageous" at. 
the Broadway Theatre. She also played Felicite in Mrs. Fran- 
ces Hodgson Burnett's play, "That Man and I." The most im- 
portant engagement of her career was that of leading woman 
with Sir Henry Irving, she playing Ellen Terry's roles of Rosa- 
monde in "Becket," Julie in "The Lyons Mail," Ncrah in "Water- 
loo," and Marie in "Louis XI." Last season Miss Fealy starred 
as Ernestine in Martha Morton's "The Truth Tellers," but ended 
as leading woman with William Collier in "On the Quiet." Miss 
Fealy has appeared at Elitch's Garden in Denver every summer 
for the last seven years, during which time she has appeared 
in "A Royal Family," "Prince and the Pauper," "Dorothy Ver- 
non," "Little Lord Fauntleroy," "Mice and Men," "The Little 
Minister," "When Knighthood Was in Flower," "Romeo and 
Juliet," "The Christian," "Faust," and "Lady Dainty." In Sep- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 165 

tember, 1906, Miss Fealy signed with John Cort for five years, 
making her first appearance as a star in the title role of Martha 
Morton's latest comedy, "The Illusion of Beatrice." The season 
of 1907-8 she starred in "The Stronger Sex," by John Valen'ine. 
Miss Fealy was married to Louis E. Sherwin, a young English- 
man, dramatic critic of the Denver Republican, July 15, 1907. 
Her home is at 826 East Colfax street, Denver, Colo. 

FENTON, Miss Mabel (Mrs. Charles J. Kelly) : 

Actress, was born in Lawrence, Mich., June 29, 1872, her 
maiden name being Ada Towne. She was educated in Chicago 
and made her first stage appearance at Minneapolis in "The Oc- 
toroon" under the management of M. E. Sackett. Miss Fentoa 
married Charles J. Ross, the actor, whose real name is Kelly, 
at Deadwocd, N. Dak., June 9, 1887, and since then she has 
been associated with him in stage work, the team being widely 
known as Ross and Fenton. She made her most pronounced 
successes with travesties of famous players in their favorite 
parts. With the Weber and Fields company she imitated Mrs. 
Fiske in "Tess of the Weber-fields," Mrs. Carter as Zaza, Viola 
Allen in "The Christian," Maude Adams in "The Little Minis- 
ter," etc. The season of 1906-7 she played Beezy in "The Social 
Whirl," opening at the Casino Theatre, New York, May 14, 1906, 
and starred, in conjunction with her husband, in the same piece 
the fall of 1907. In November, 1907, she joined Joseph Weber's 
company, opening in New York in a travesty of "The Thief," 
and afterward playing in a burlesque of "The Merry Widow." 
She is a member of the Professional Woman's League; is fond 
of horses and outdoor sports, and her home is at the Ross and 
Fenton Farm, Asbury Park, N. J. 

FERGUSON, Robert V.: 

Actor, was born in Dumbarton, Scotland, but started his 
stage career in this country, making his first appearance at 
Tony Pastor's, New York, in a farce called "Bijah Frisby." He 
was in the first production of "The Cherry Pickers" at the Four- 
teenth Street Theatre, New York, and also played in "Captain 
Karl," and "Fatherland," with Charles A. Gardner. He made 
his first pronounced success with Mrs. Fiske as Sir Pitt Crawley 
in "Becky Sharp" the seasons of 1900-1-2. He afterward was 
seen with Charles Dalton in "The Helmet of Navarre," with 
Frank Keenan in "The Hon. John Grigsby," and with Katherina 
Kidder in "A Country Girl" and in "Francillon." After a sea- 
son as Eccles in "Caste," and with J. H. Stoddard in "The Bon- 
nie Brier Bush," he created the part of Herr Linden v/ith Mrs. 



166 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Fiske in "Leah Kleshna." The season of 1906-7 he played Tom 
Fiddler in "The New York Idea," and the season of 1907-8 he 
was again with Mrs. Fiske. 

FERGUSON, William J.: 

Actor, was born in Baltimore, Md., and made his first ap- 
pearance on the stage with a stock company at Ford's Theatre, 
Washington, in 1864, playing minor parts. He was with the 
Mrs. Conway Stock Company in Brooklyn, N. Y., for two sea- 
sons and a half, and subsequently was seen as a member of 
Wallack's company. In 1874 he appeared in "Colonel Sellers" 
with John T. Raymond, and the following year with Mr. and 
Mrs. W. J. Florence in "The Mighty Dollar." After several years 
in stock he appeared in numerous farces on tour and finally 
was seen at the Madison Square Theatre in such plays as "Jim 
the Penman," "Hazel Kirke," etc. Among the various plays 
Mr. Ferguson has appeared in are: "The Fatal Card," "The Girl 
from Maxim's," "The Brixton Burglary," "A Modern Magdalen," 
"Romeo and Juliet" with Eleanor Robson and Kryle Bellew, 
"The Secret of Polichinelle," with William H. Thompson, the 
season of 1904-5; "Friquet" with Marie Doro, and "The Walls 
of Jericho" with James K. Hackett. The season of 1906-7 Mr. 
Ferguson appeared with Virginia Harned in "The Love Letter," 
and on August 3, 1907, in "The Movers" at the Hackett Thea- 
tre, New York. He was seen in the title role of Austin Strong's 
"The Toymaker of Nuremburg" at the Garrick Theatre, New- 
York, November 25, 1907. 

FIELDS, Lew M. : 

Comedian, was born in New York January 1, 1867. He was 
graduated from the Allen street public school, and began his 
career as an entertainer in 1877 in partnership with Joseph 
Weber, playing Dutch comedy sketches at the East Side variety 
houses. They were at first professionally known as "The Dutch 
Senators." For several years Weber and Fields played in vaude- 
ville houses, and in 1885 they formed their own company, 
still continuing their knockabout acts. Ten years later they 
leased a small theatre on Broadway, New York, and founded 
the entertainment which quickly became famous and continued, 
as a successful partnership, until 1904. During that time they 
had in their company many of the most famous burlesque and 
light opera artists of the American stage and produced many 
successful musical entertainments, chiefly written by Edgar 
Smith, with music by John Stromberg. In 1904 the firm of 
Weber & Fields was dissolved, and Mr. Fields formed a part- 




LEW FIELDS 



168 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

nership with Henry Hamlin and Julian Mitchell, producing 
similar entertainments, the first of which was "It Happened in 
Nordland." Mr. Fields also leased a theatre built on West 
Forty-second street, New York, and named it Fields's Theatre. 
The season of 1906, however, he abandoned this and leased the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York, where, in the fall, he pro- 
duced "About Town." The season of 1907-8 he was seen in "The 
Girl Behind the Counter." Mr. Fields's wife was Rose Harris. 
His home is at 334 West Eighty-eighth street, New York. His 
business address is Herald Square Theatre, New York, Fields's 
Theatre having been renamed the Hackett Theatre. 

FERNANDEZ, Miss Bijou (Mrs. W. L. Abingdon) : 

Actress, was born in New York, being the daughter of Mrs. 
E. L. Fernandez, a well-known theatrical agent, and the grand- 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Bradshaw, who for years were 
attached to the old and new Bowery Theatre companies. Miss 
Fernandez made her first appearance when only a child at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, as Little Mary in "May 
Blossom." She afterward played Arthur in "King John" with 
Edwin Booth, Little Meenie in "Rip Van Winkle" with Joseph 
Jefferson, Baby Fritz with J. K. Emmett, Little Lord Fauntleroy, 
and Topsy in the children's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company. 
About this time Augustin Daly signed a seven years' contract 
with her parents for the child's services, and also undertook 
complete charge of her education. With the Daly company she 
played many parts, being especially successful as Puck in "A 
Midsummer Night's Dream." She was the youngest Puck ever 
seen in this country. Her engagement ended, she finished her 
education at the De Valencia Institute and returned to the stage 
to play the grown-up Meenie with Joseph Jefferson. After stock 
seasons at Washington, Baltimore, Troy and Albany, in 1899 she 
made a success as Rosalind in "As You Like It." After a time 
in the Empire Theatre Stock Company, New York, she supported 
John Drew in "One Summer's Day," Mrs. Fiske in "Tess of the 
D'Urbervilles," and Amelia Bingham in "The Climbers," and 
"The Frisky Mrs. Johnson." In 1900 Miss Fernandez made a 
good impression as Lygia in "Quo Vadis," and was seen as 
Alison Deyo in "Hearts Aflame." In 1902 she was the star in 
the stock company at the opening of the Circle Theatre, New 
York, and in 1894 she was the Marianne in the star cast of 
"The Two Orphans," and played in "The Fair Exchange." The 
season of 1906 she played the leading part in "The Redskin'' 
at the Liberty Theatre, New York, and afterward Lonka in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 163 

"Arms and the Man" with Arnold Daly. The season of 1907-S 
she went into vaudeville, supporting Edwin Arden in his one- 
act play, "Captain Velvet." She was married to W. L. Abing- 
don, the English actor, on May 29, 1906. 

FIGMAN, Max: 

Actor, was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1868. His father, 
Bernhart, and his mother, Henrietta Rappa Figman, came to 
this country in the early 70's. Max Figman showed histrionic 
talent at an early age, and as a member of the Philadelphia 
Drawing Room Club he became an accomplished amateur. He 
made his debut at the age of sixteen as Prosper Courmant in 
"A Scrap of Paper," and later played in Willie Edouin's "Fun 
in a Photograph Gallery." His first marked success was as 
Jean Francois in "Passepartout," produced on January 24, 1888. 
in Philadelphia, under the management of Imre and Bolossy 
Kiralfy. Some of the parts he has played since then include 
Captain Jack O'Hara in "Heartsease," Jonas, the bell ringer, in 
"Dolores," Butterfield in "Le Voyage de Suzette," General de 
Mauch in "Love's Extract," Captain Dandy in "Burmah," Jacit 
McKay in "The Absent Boy," Dewey Bedford in "A Ward of 
France," Adhemar Gratignon in "Divorgons," Jules Barton in 
"A Misfit Marriage," Arthur Chamberlain in "Club's Baby," Dick 
Swiveller in "Little Nell and the Marchioness," Fournier in 
"Miranda of the Balcony," Torwald Helmar in "A Doll's House," 
Richard Murry in "Gretna Green," and Assessor Brack in 
"Hedda Gabler." Mr. Figman starred as Sir Reginald Belsize in 
"The Marriage of Kitty" during the season of 1904-5, and in 
1905-6 was featured as Grand Dudley, with Florence Roberts, in 
"Ann La Mont," and as Baron von Kleber in "The Strength of 
the Weak." The season of 1906-7 he starred under John Cort's 
management in "The Man on the Box," and went with it to 
London the following season. Mr. Figman is an excellent horse- 
man and is fond of rowing and fishing. He has written several 
plays and sketches, and appeared for a short time in vaudeville 
in one of the latter. During his various engagements with Mrs. 
Fiske he staged for her "A Doll's House," "Mary of Magdala," 
"Divorgons," and "Miranda of the Balcony." 

FILKINS, Miss Grace (Mrs. Adolph Marix) : 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia. When Haverly's juvenile 
"Pinafore" company was formed she was engaged to sing and 
play the part of Josephine. Colonel John A. McCaull saw one 
of her performances and engaged her for his opera company. 
With this company she made her first appearance in New York, 



170 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

playing in "Josephine Sold by Her Sisters" at Waliack's Theatre. 
A year later she was enrolled as a member of the Augustin Daly 
company at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, and there she entered into 
legitimate comedy work with such artists as Ada Rehan, John 
Drew and James T. Lewis. She appeared in such plays as "Love 
in Harness," "Nancy & Co.," "7-20-8," and as the Widow in 
"Taming of the Shrew." Since then she has played Madame 
Olympe in "Camille," the Duchess in "Adrienne Lecouvreur," 
Phoebe in "As You Like It," the juvenile role in"Donna Diana," 
the Page in "Much Ado About Nothing," and minor parts in 
"Cymbeline," and "Measure for Measure," under Madame Mo- 
djeska. She created the part of Fairy Graciosa in "The Crystal 
Slipper," and was in McKee Rankin's "Runaway Wife" com- 
pany. She has also played in the companies of Rosina Yokes 
and the late Sol Smith Russell. In 1902 she supported Otis 
Skinner in "Prince Otto," and was subsequently seen in George 
Broadhurst's "The Last Chapter." On September 24, 1906, Miss 
Filkins appeared in the initial production of Charles Klein's 
"The Daughters of Men," and on October 14, 1907, was seen in 
his "The Stepsister" at the Garrick Theatre, New York. Miss 
Filkins married Admiral Adolph Marix in 1896. Her home is at 
49 West Forty-fourth street, New York. 

PINNEY, Jameson Lee: 

Actor, was born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1863. As a boy 
he studied art in New York, under Maynard, because of 
his parents' objection to his following the stage as an occu- 
pation. He was a failure as an artist, however, and finally 
made his professional debut in Lawrence Barrett's company, 
playing minor juvenile roles, and when Booth and Barrett joined 
forces he had the honor of appearing as Osric with the former 
in "Hamlet." After a short engagement at Daly's, New York, 
he joined the Frohman Stock Company and made his first suc- 
cess as Captain Larelle in "Under the Red Robe" at the Empire 
Theatre, New York. For five years he continued at the Em- 
pire in light comedy roles, while there appearing as Sir Richard 
Kettle in "Frocks and Frills," and as Lord Huntworth in "Lady 
Huntworth's Experiment." He was seen also in "The Two 
Schools," and "A Fool and His Money." The season of 1905-3 
he was with Margaret Anglin in the production of "Zira," which 
ran nearly an entire season at the Princess Theatre, New York, 
and on October 2, 1906, he appeared in "The Stolen Story" at 
the Garden Theatre, New York, and on tour. The fall of 1907 
he opened the Madison Square Theatre, being featured in "The 
Man in the Case" under the management of Walter N. Law- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 171 

rence. The balance of the season of 1907-8 he starred in "The 
Man on the Box." 

FISCHER, Miss Alice (Mrs. William Harcourt) : 

Actress, was born in Indiana, and made her first appearance 
in the company of the late Frank Mayo. The season of 1888 
she played Minna in "Little Lord Fauntleroy" at the Broadway 
Theatre, New York, and afterward was seen in "The Canuck" 
at the Bijou, "The Clemenceau Case" at the Standard, "Nero" 
at Niblo's Garden, and "The White Squadron" at the Four- 
teenth Street Theatre. She joined the Empire company, New 
York, opening December 3, 1894, as Helen Larondie in "The 
Masqueraders." The seasons of 1895-6 she was seen in "The 
Sporting Duchess," and "Two Little Vagrants," at the American 
Theatre, New York. Subsequently she was seen in "Quo Vadis," 
"Mrs. Jack," and "What's the Matter with Susan?" She ap- 
peared in "Piff, Faff, Pouf" at the Casino Theatre, New York, 
in "Coming Through the Rye" and in "His Honor the Mayor." 
Miss Fischer was seen in " Funabashi *' at the Casino Theatre, 
New York, January 6, 1908. 

FISKE, Harrison Grey: 

Manager, author and journalist, was born at Harrison, West- 
chester County, New York, July 30, 1861, being the son of Ly- 
man and Jane Maria (Darfee) Fiske and grandson of Jonathan 
and Eunice (Fiske) Durfee, residents of Wales, Mass. Through 
both parents he is descended from John Fiske, of Weybred, Eng- 
land, whose forefathers had dwelt at Laxfield, in the same 
county, since the time of Henry IV. Emigrating to New Eng- 
land in 1648, John Fiske settled at Watertown. One, if not 
more, of his numerous descendants bore arms in the Revolu- 
tionary War, Asa, his great-grandson, being a lieutenant in 
Captain Freeborn Moulton's company of minute men in Colonel 
Danielson's regiment. Harrison Grey Fiske, after attending Dr. 
Chapin's Collegiate School in New York, spent some time in 
Europe, and then returned to his native country to enter the 
University of the City of New York. His tastes were literary, 
and while at college he wrote short stories and sketches for 
magazines and newspapers and corresponded for several West- 
ern dailies. He entered journalism regularly as editorial writer 
and dramatic critic on the Jersey City Argus, and later he held 
a similar post on the New York Star, then under John Kslly's 
control. In July, 1879, he became a contributor to The Dra- 
matic Mirror, and in the autumn of the same year bought an 
interest in the stock company that owned it. The same year 



172 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

he was placed in charge of the paper. At that time he was 
eighteen years old. In 1883 Mr. Fiske obtained a controlling 
interest in the newspaper, and five years later became sole 
proprietor. In 1886 he was dramatic critic of the New York 
Star. Mr. Fiske has advocated encouragement of the Ameri- 
can drama and has worked for the spread of patriotism in dra- 
matic art. Mr. Fiske married at Larchmont, N. Y., March 19, 
1890, Mary Augusta, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Mad- 
dern) Davey, better known as Minnie Maddern, the actress. 
Mr. Fiske entered the field of management as the manager of 
Mrs. Fiske in 1896. In 1901 he leased the Manhattan Theatre, 
New York, as the home theatre for Mrs. Fiske, and conducted 
it for five years, making various productions during that period. 
He has also introduced to the American stage Bertha Kalich, 
the Polish actress. He is one of the so-called independent man- 
agers who have several times entered the lists against the so- 
called Theatrical Trust. Mr. Fiske is a trustee of the Actors' 
Fund, a member of the Sons of the Revolution, of the Ameri- 
can Academy of Social Science, and of the Zeta Psi fraternity. 
He is a director of the American Dramatists' Club and of the 
Lotos Club; was secretary of the Goethe Society and has been 
vice-president of the New York Shakespeare Society. 

FISKE, Mrs. Minnie Maddern (Mrs. Harrison Grey Fiske) : 
Actress, was born in New Orleans December 19, 1865. Her 
father was Thomas Davey, prominent in the South as a theatri- 
cal manager, and her mother, Mrs. Minnie Maddern, the daugh- 
ter of Richard Maddern, an English musician, who came to this 
country with a large family and organized a traveling concert 
company composed of his own children. The organization was 
known as the Maddern Family. Mrs. Maddern became a well- 
known actress later under her husband's management. Mrs. 
Fiske was two years old when she first went on the stage. Be- 
tween acts she sang a ballad, "Jamie Coming Over the Meadow." 
As Minnie Maddern she made her debut in Little Rock, Ark., 
at the age of three years as the Duke of York in "Richard III." 
She first appeared in New York with Laura Keene in "Hunted 
Down," being then five years old. She later played Prince Ar- 
thur in the revival of "King John" at Booth's Theatre, New 
York, with John McCullough, Junius Brutus Booth and Agnes 
Booth in the cast. When she was twelve years old she played 
Frangois in "Richelieu," and Louise in "The Two Orphans." 
When thirteen she assumed the part of the Widow Melnotte 
with astonishing success. She played the round of child's parts 
with Barry Sullivan and later with Lucille Western. She was 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 173 

the original Little Fritz in J. K. Emmett's first production at 
Wallack's and Niblo's, New York; Paul in "The Octoroon" at 
Philadelphia, Franko in "Guy Mannering" with Mrs. Waller, 
Sybil in "A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing" with Carlotta Le Clerq, 
Little Mary Morgan in "Ten Nights in a Barroom" with Yankee 
Locke in Boston, and the Child in "Across the Continent" with 
Oliver Doud Byron. She took the child's part with E. L. Dav- 
enport in "Damon and Pythias" and other plays in Philadel- 
phia; she played Heinrich and Meenie in "Rip Van Winkle," 
Adrienne in Daly's "Monsieur Alphonse," the boy's part in "The 
Bosom Friend," Alfred in the first road production of "Divorce," 
Georgie in "Frou-Frou" with Mrs. Scott-Siddons ; the Child in 
"The Chicago Fire," Hilda in Emmet's "Carl and Hilda," Ralph 
Rackstraw in Hooley's juvenile "Pinafore" company, and Clip 
in "A Messenger from Jarvis Section." At the age of ten she 
acted the Sun God in David Bidwell's production of "The Ice 
Witch" at New Orleans, and she also appeared in "Aladdin," 
"The White Fawn" and other spectacular pieces. Brief periods 
were spent by the young actress in French or convent schools 
in the cities of New Orleans, St. Louis, Montreal and Cincin- 
nati. Her education, despite her constant change of locality, 
was methodical, and it was carefully supervised by her mother. 
Mrs. Fiske became a star at the age of sixteen. After that time 
and up to the time of her temporary retirement she had be- 
come identified with several plays, among them being "Caprice" 
and "In Spite of All." W T hen she was married, in 1890, and re- 
tired from the stage, she had no thought of a permanent reliu- 
quishment of the theatre. On her return to the stage she soon 
took a place in the front rank of American actresses. Her reper- 
toire includes the parts of Nora in "A Doll's House," Marie De- 
loche in "The Queen of Liars" ("La Menteuse"), Cesarine in 
"La Femme de Claude," Madeline in "Love Finds the Way" 
(Marguerite Merington's adaptation of the German play, "Das 
Recht auf Gliick"), Cyprienne in "Divorgons," Magda Gilberte 
in "Frou-Frou," and the one-act plays, "Little Italy," "A Bit of 
Old Chelsea," "A Light from St. Agnes," "Not Guilty" and "A 
White Pink." Mrs. Fiske had been accepted throughout the 
country as one of the foremost American actresses when, in the 
spring of 1897, she appeared in "Tess of the D'Urbervilles" at 
the Manhattan Theatre, New York. Subsequent successes were 
Langdon Mitchell's comedy, entitled "Becky Sharp," founded on 
Thackeray's "Vanity Fair"; "Miranda of the Balcony," "The 
Unwelcome Mrs. Hatch," Paul Heyse's "Mary of Magdala," Ib- 
sen's "Hedda Gabler," C. M. S. McLellan's "Leah Kleschna," pro- 
duced in 1905, and a one-act play by John Luther Long entitled 



174 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Dolce." The season of 1906-7 she starred in "The New York 
Idea," and on December 30, 1907, appeared in a revival of Ib- 
sen's "Rosmersholm" at the Lyric Theatre, New York. 

FITCH, William Clyde: 

Playwright, was born in New York May 2, 1865. He was 
graduated by Amherst College in 1886, and immediately started 
on a literary career. His first effort was "A Wave of Life," 
published in 1889, His first play was "Betty's Finish," pro- 
duced at the Boston Museum. It had a run of two months. His 
next was "Beau Brummel," written for Richard Mansfield and 
since played by him nearly a thousand times. A complete list 
of Mr. Fitch's plays, the original plays listed in the order of 
their production, and those for whom they were written, com- 
prises the following: Original plays "Beau Brummel" for Rich- 
ard Mansfield, "A Modern Match" for the Union Square Theatre 
company, "Pamela's Prodigy" for Mrs. John Wood in London, 
"His Grace de Grammont" for Mme. Modjeska, "April Weather" 
for Sol Smith Russell, "Nathan Hale" for Nat Goodwin, "The 
Moth and the Flame" for the Kelcey-Shannon company, "Bar- 
bara Frietchie" for Julia Marlowe, "The Cowboy and the Lady" 
for Nat Goodwin, "The Climbers" for Amelia Bingham, "Cap- 
tain Jinks" for Ethel Barrymore, "Lovers' Lane" for W. A. 
Brady's company, "The Way of the World" for Elsie De Wolfe, 
"The Girl and the Judge" for Annie Russell, "The Last of the- 
Dandies" for Beerbohm Tree in London, "Ths Stubbornness of 
Geraldine" for Mary Mannering, "The Girl with the Green Eyes" 
for Clara Bloodgood, "Her Own Way" for Maxine Elliott, "Major 
Andre" for Arthur Byron, "Glad of It" for Charles Frohman's 
company, "The Coronet of the Duchess" for Clara Bloodgood, 
"The Woman in the Case" for Blanche Walsh, "Her Great Match" 
for Maxine Elliott, "The Toast of the Town" for Viola Allen,. 
"The Girl Who Has Everything" for Eleanor Robson, and 
"Truth" for Clara Bloodgood. One-act plays "Betty's Finish" 
for the Boston Museum company and "Frederic Le Maitre" for 
Felix Morris, later Henry Miller. Adaptations "The Social 
Swim" for Marie Wainwright, "Gossip," with Leo Ditrichstein. 
for Mrs. Langtry; "The Head of the Family," with Leo Ditrich- 
stein, for William H. Crane; "A Superfluous Husband," with 
Leo Ditrichstein, for William H. Crane; "The Marriage Game,'^ 
"Bohemia" for the Empire Theatre company, "The Bird in the 
Cage" for Charles Frohman's company, "The Masked Ball" for 
John Drew, "Sapho" for Olga Nethersole, "Granny" for Mrs. 
Gilbert, "Cousin Billy" for Francis Wilson, "The Frisky Mrs, 
Johnson" for Amelia Bingham, and '"Wolfville," with Willis, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 175 

Steele, for Charles Frohman's company. The fall of 1906 he- 
dramatized Mrs. Edith Wharton's novel, "The House of Mirth," 
for Charles Frohman, and in 1908 his "Fluffy Ruffles," a musical 
comedy, was produced. Mr. Fitch's New York home is at 113 
East Fortieth street. He has a country place, Quiet Corner, at 
Greenwich, Conn. 

FITZGERALD, Edward: 

Actor, was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1876, being the son 
of a surgeon-oculist. He was educated at the Dublin Univer- 
sity and Uppingham School, and made his first appearance on 
the stage at Liverpool, England, with F. R. Benson. The sea- 
son of 1897-8 he was associated with Edward Compton; the 
seasons of 1897-8 and 1899-1901 and in the fall of 1901 was. 
seen at the Imperial Theatre, London, with Herbert Waring. 
After an engagement with Harry Paulton in "Niobe," the sea- 
son of 1901-2, he came to this country, appearing with the late 
Richard Mansfield in repertoire. He returned to England in. 
1905 as manager for Charles Hawtrey. In 1901 Mr. Fitzgerald 
married Miss Mona Harrison, an actress. His home is at 35* 
Gordon Mansions, W. C., London, England. 

FLORENCE, Miss Katherine (Mrs. Fritz [Frederick] Will- 
iams) : 

Actress, was born in Birmingham, England, being the daugh- 
ter of Katherine Rogers and a sister of Eleanor Moretti, both 
well-known actresses. She was educated at the Convent of St. 
Gabriel at Peekskill, N. Y.; in Paris, and in Villa Maria, Mon- 
treal. She made her first stage appearance at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre, New York, with Mrs. Langtry in the fall of 1887. The 
season following she was seen at that playhouse in "Philip 
Herne," and the winter of 1889 again supported Mrs. Langtry in 
repertoire. The season of 1889-90 she appeared in "Henrietta"' 
with Stuart Robson at Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre, 
New York, and the seasons of 1890-1-2 supported Wm. H. Crane. 
The season of 1892-3 she was seen in "The Lost Paradise" and 
"The Girl I Left Behind Me," and subsequently joined the Ly- 
ceum Theatre Company, replacing Effie Shannon. She was with 
that organization five seasons. In 1898 Miss Florence appeared 
in "On and Off," and the following year in "The King's Mus- 
keteers" with E. H. Sothern at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New 
York. She then supported William Gillette in "Sherlock Holmes" 
at the Garrick Theatre, New York, and Wm. H. Crane in "David 
Harum," later appearing for a short engagement in "Sky Farm." 
She left the stage for a year, returning in 1903 to appear in. 



176 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Sweet Kitty Bellairs" with Henrietta Crosman at the Belasco 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1904-5 she was with William 
Faversham in "Letty" at the Hudson Theatre, and that of 1905-6 
with Nat C. Goodwin in "Beauty and the Barge." The fall of 
1906 she appeared with Leo Ditrichstein in "Before and After" 
at the Manhattan Theatre, and was seen as Lila Hake in "The 
Other House" at the Majestic Theatre, New York, August 30, 
1907. Miss Florence married Fritz Williams, an actor, June 25, 
1896. 

FORBES-ROBERTSON, Johnston : 

Actor and manager, was born in London January 16, 1853, 
being the son of John Forbes-Robertson, an art critic and jour- 
nalist. He was educated at Charterhouse, and afterward in 
France and Germany, where he studied painting. In 1870 he 
was admitted as a student at the Royal Academy School of Art, 
London. His inclination, however, was toward the stage, and 
in 1874 he made his debut as Chastelard in "Mary Stuart" at 
the Princess Theatre. He gained experience under the manage- 
ment of Charles Calvert in Manchester, where he played with 
Phelps in Shakespearian parts. In 1880-1 he supported Mme. 
Modjeska at the Court Theatre, London, playing chiefly Shake- 
spearian characters and in 1883 he joined the Bancrofts at the 
Haymarket, playing leading parts with them up to July, 1885, 
when he went to the United States with Mary Anderson. On 
his return to England he supported Miss Anderson at the Ly- 
ceum in "The Winter's Tale," for which he designed the cos- 
tumes and appointments. He then joined John Hare, playing 
Dunstan Renshaw in "The Profligate" at the Garrick in 1889, 
and Baron Scarpia in "La Tosca" at the end of the same sea- 
son. In 1890 he appeared in Pinero's "Lady Bountiful." Then 
followed another American tour, after which he played Buck- 
ingham to Irving's Henry VIII. In 1896 he opened the Lyceum, 
London, under his own management, producing, among other 
plays, "For the Crown," and making the chief success of his 
career by his impersonation of Hamlet. He also appeared with 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell in "Magda," "Macbeth," and "Pelleas 
and Melisande." In 1902 he leased the Lyric Theatre, produc- 
ing "Mice and Men" and "The Light That Failed." He became 
the lessee of the new Scala Theatre, London, which he opened 
in September, 1905, with "The Conqueror," a drama by the 
Duchess of Sutherland. This was followed by "For the Crown," 
and "Mrs. Grundy," by Madeline Lucette Ryley. The season of 
1906-7 he toured in this country in "Caesar and Cleopatra," a 
comedy-drama by Bernard Shaw. He then returned to London. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 177 

In 1900 Mr. Forbes-Robertson married May Gertrude Dermot, 
an American actress known on the stage as Gertrude Elliott, a 
sister of Maxine Elliott. 

FORDE, Stanley Hamilton: 

Actor, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., February 9, 1878, and was 
educated at the public schools there. He made his first stage 
appearance with the Bostonians in "Robin Hood," in New York, 
April 4, 1898, and then sang many of the principal roles with 
the Metropolitan Comic Opera Company on tour through the 
North. In 1899 he sang the basso role in "The Jolly Musketeer" 
with Jefferson De Angelis, and later was seen in "The Highway- 
man." After appearing in a small part in "Ben Hur" at the 
Broadway Theatre, New York, he was featured as soloist with 
Primrose and Dockstader's Minstrels at the Victoria Theatre, 
New York. He was subsequently seen as Mr. Reddish in "The 
Princess of Kensington," in "The Medal and the Maid," as the 
Owl in "Woodland," as Baron Lombardo in "The Princess Beg- 
gar" with Paula Edwardes at the Casino Theatre, New York, 
and as Noah in "Noah's Ark." The season of 1907-8 he appeared 
as Dudley Wilcox in George M. Cohan's "The Talk of New York," 
produced at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, December 3, 
1907. Mr. Forde is a brother of Louise Forde, the actress. His 
home is at the Hotel Longacre, New York. 

FOX, Miss Delia May (Mrs. Jacob David Levy) : 

Actress and light opera singer, was born in St. Louis Oc- 
tober 13, 1872. Her father was A. J. Fox, a photographer. She 
made her first appearance on the stage when she was seven 
years old as the Midshipmite in a children's "Pinafore" com- 
pany. She next appeared in a child's part in "A Celebrated 
Case," James O'Neill being the star. She first attracted atten- 
tion as the creator of the part of Editha in Augustus Thomas's 
dramatization of Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's story, "Edi- 
tha's Burglar." This was produced by the Dickson Sketch Club, 
of St. Louis, an organization which included Augustus Thomas 
and Edgar Smith, both now well-known playwrights. Miss Fox 
in her early 'teens joined the Bennett and Moulton Opera Com- 
pany and sang leading soprano roles. She next was engaged 
by Heinrich Conried for the soubrette part in the opera "The 
King's Fool," and attracted attention with the song "Fair Co- 
lumbia." In May, 1890, De Wolf Hopper made his first appear- 
ance as a star in "Castles in the Air" at the Broadway Theatre, 
New York. Miss Fox was selected, chiefly on account of her 
small stature, to play the soubrette part of Blanche, and prin- 



178 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

cipally through the medium of the "Athletic Duet" she shared 
the success of the opera with the elongated star. The following 
summer, when "Wang" was produced in New York, she made 
her greatest triumph in the part of Mataya particularly by her 
singing of "Another Fellow." Next she appeared with Hopper 
in "Panjandrum," and in August, 1894, she became a star in 
Goodwin and Furst's opera, "The Little Trooper," which was 
followed by "Fleur-de-Lis" by the same author and composer. 
Miss Fox appeared with Lillian Russell and Jefferson De An- 
gelis in "The Wedding Day" at the Casino, New York, in the 
fall of 1897, and the following year starred in "The Little Host." 
At this time she suffered a serious illness, and her life was 
despaired of for months. After her recovery she made a few 
appearances in vaudeville in 1900. December 26 of that year 
she was married to Jacob David Levy, a New York diamond 
broker, at Boston. Since then she has appeared chiefly in vaude- 
ville houses. 

FOY, Eddie (Edwin Fitzgerald) : 

Comedian, was born in New York, being the son of Richard 
and Ellen Hennessy Fitzgerald. He made his first appearance 
in 1869 at a benefit at the Newsboys' Home at Chicago, doing a 
clog dance. In 1876 he was dancing at the Cosmopolitan Varie- 
ties in Chicago, and in 1878 with a partner, as Foy and Thomp- 
son, he was doing turns at concert halls in Kansas City, Dodge 
City, Kan., and Leadville. The team did black-face sketches 
and acrobatic songs and dances. In 1879 Mr. Foy was at the 
Palace Theatre, Denver, remaining there until 1881, when he 
went to California, opening at the Adelphi Theatre, San Fran- 
cisco, where he did white-face specialties in the opening olios 
and played leading parts in the dramas which wound up the 
show. He then joined Emerson's Minstrels, and after ten weeks 
went to Butte, Mont., playing in a variety show owned by Gor- 
don and Ritchie. From there he went to the Carncross Min- 
strels in Philadelphia. In 1884 Mr. Foy joined Kelley and 
Mason's company, playing "Tigers." He then played six weeks 
in the Union Square Theatre, New York, with Carrie Swain's 
"Jack in the Box" company. He again went to California and 
joined the Alcazar Stock Company. After that he joined the 
George S. Knight company playing "Over the Garden Wall." 
He made his first comedy hit as the Lunatic with Kate Castle- 
ton in 1888. The following year he joined David Henderson at 
the Chicago Opera House, opening in "Cinderella; or, The Crys- 
tal Slipper." The following season he played principal comedy 
parts in "Bluebeard," and for successive seasons in "Sinbad the 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 170 

Sailor," and "All Baba." Mr. Foy then starred in plays called 
"Off the Earth," "Robinson Crusoe," and "The Strange Adven- 
tures of Miss Brown." Then he played in "Topsy Turvey" for 
one hundred and fifty nights at the Herald Square Theatre, New 
York. He was then with Klaw and Erlanger a season, and after- 
ward in "The Strollers" at the Knickerbocker Theatre. After a 
season in "The Wild Rose" and another in "Mr. Bluebeard" Mr. 
Foy was in the disaster at the Ircquois Theatre, Chicago, barely 
escaping with his life. For nine months he was the star of 
"Piff, Faff, Pouf" at the Casino Theatre, New York, and then he 
was starred in "The Earl and the Girl" by the Shuberts, tour- 
ing with that piece a second season in 1906-7. The season of 
1907-8 he was seen in "The Orchid." Mr. Foy married Madeline 
Morando, premier dancer, in 1895. His home is in Post road, 
New Rochelle, N. Y. 

FRANK! YN-LYNCH, Miss Grace (Franklin) : 

Actress, was born in St. Louis, Mo., being the daughter of 
Dr. E. C. Franklin. She was educated in her native city and 
at private schools in San Francisco, making her first stage ap- 
pearance in Newark, N. J., September 11, 1893, with Stuart Rob- 
son in "The Comedy of Errors." She remained with him as 
leading woman until 1896, and the following year joined Fred 
Ward's company, playing principally Grecian and romantic roles. 
She then became a member of the Valentine Stock Company in 
Columbus, Ohio, succeeding Roso Stahl as leading woman, and 
the season of 1899-1900 alternated with Marie Booth Russell as 
Robert Mantell's leading woman. Numerous stock engagements 
followed when, owing to ill health, she was forced to retire tem- 
porarily from the stage. In 1907 she joined the Poli Stock Com- 
pany in New Haven, Conn., and on September 16, 1907, ap- 
peared at the Lyric Theatre, New York, supporting James O'Neill 
in his revival of "Virginius" and in "The Count of Monte 
Cristo." Miss Franklyn-Lynch's favorite recreation is reading. 
Her summer home is in Monson, Mass. 

FREAR, Fred (Frederick H.) : 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., and educated in Chi- 
cago, 111. Before going on the stage he followed the occupa- 
tion of a bookkeeper. He made his first appearance in "The 
Chimes of Normandy" at Urig's Cave, St. Louis, in May, 1879. 
Since then he has played comedy roles in a vast number of 
comic operas, musical comedies and farces, having made pro- 
nounced successes as Coquelicot in "Olivet" at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre, New York; as Snaggs in "A Bunch of Keys," as Kibosh 



180 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in "The Wizard of the Nile," in the title role in "The Mayor ot 
Tokio" with Richard Carle, and as Hadji in "The Sultan of 
Sulu." The season of 1907-8 he played Mr. Nish in "The Merry 
Widow," produced at the New Amsterdam Theatre October 21, 
1907. Mr. Frear's home is at 3950 Cottage Grove avenue, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

FREDERICK, Miss Pauline: 

Actress, was born in Boston, Mass., August 12, 1884, being 
the daughter of Loretta E. Frederick. She was educated at pri- 
vate schools in Boston, and for some time before going on the 
stage was prominent -in social circles in her native city. Her 
first appearance was at the Boston Music Hall in a singing act 
April 21, 1902. During her leisure moments she devoted her- 
self to s.udying for grand opera. After a brief engagement with 
the Rogers Brothers Miss Frederick was seen in "The Princess 
of Kensington" with James T. Powers at the Broadway Theatre, 
New York. Illness, however, forced her to leave the cast soon 
afterward. The fall of 1904 she joined Lew Fields's forces and 
appeared in "It Happened in Nordland," succeeding Blanche 
Ring in the leading role when that company left on tour. But 
the drama appealed to her more than musical comedy, and she 
appeared in Channing Pollock's "Little Gray Lady," touring the 
country with it and making a marked success. The season of 
1906-7 Miss Frederick was seen in "The Girl in White," and 
in the fall of 1907 was Francis Wilson's leading woman in 
"When Knights Were Bold," produced at the Garrick Theatre, 
New York, August 20, 1907. She appeared in "Twenty Days in 
the Shade" at the Savoy Theatre January 20, 1908. Miss Fred- 
erick's favorite recreations are automobiling and out-of-door 
sports, besides devoting much of her time to studying the Shake- 
spearian heroines. She is very fond of live stock. Her home is 
at 204 West Fifty-fifth street, New York. 

FREEMAN, Max: 

Actor and stage manager, began his theatrical career in his 
native country, Germany. When he first came to America he 
was engaged as stage manager of the Germania Theatre, New 
York. Later he went to San Francisco, where he became a 
member of the California Theatre Stock Company, making his 
first appearance there as Kautchikoff in the original produc- 
tion of "Fatinitza" in English. From the California Theatre he 
went to Baldwin's Theatre as stage manager and leading come- 
dian. His next engagement was with the Emily Melville Opera 
Company, which produced light opera with marked success in 




PAULINE FREDERICK 



182 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Boston and Chicago. Mr. Freeman first came into prominence 
as an actor in New York by his playing of the small part of 
the Waiter in "Divorgons," produced by the late Henry E. Ab- 
bey. He then turned his attention exclusively to adapting and 
staging operas and plays. Among the plays and operas he has 
staged have been "Orpheus and Eurydice," "Held by the Ene- 
my," "The Rajah" and Hartley Campbell's "Siberia." At the 
Casino, New York, he staged "The Brigands," "The Grand 
Duchess," "Erminie" and "The Fencing Master." The season of 
1907-8 Mr. Freeman supported Miss Grace George in "Divorgons." 

FRENCH, Miss Pauline: 

Actress, was born in California, being the daughter of 
Moses and Theresa Schrank French. She was educated in San 
Francisco, and made her first professional appearance in that 
city September 21, 1895, as Celia in "As You Like It." She after- 
ward played Rosalind in the same play at the Leland Stanford 
University. At Daly's Theatre, New York, she played Lady 
Constance in "The Geisha," and Charlotte in a revival of "The 
Magistrate." In this house she was also Diana in "The Lottery 
of Love," and Angelica in "A Night Off," and afterward was a 
member of Henry Dixey's company. In 1904 she went to Lon- 
don to fill an engagement at the St. James's Theatre, where she 
appeared as Lady Plimdale in a revival of "Lady Windermere's 
Fan." In 1905 she appeared at the London Comedy Theatre as 
the Duchess of Carbondale in "On the Quiet" with William 
Collier. 

FRIGANZA, Miss Trixie (Delia O'Callahan) : 

Actress, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Irish 
and Spanish parents. She made her first appearance on the 
stage in "The Pearl of Pekin" in 1889 and subsequently ap- 
peared in such musical shows as "A Trip to Chinatown," "The 
Mascot," with Henry Dixey, "Patience," "lolanthe," and "La 
Poupee." The season of 1900-1 she made her first marked suc- 
cess in "The Belle of Bohemia," and with this piece she went 
to London. She was also seen in London in "The Whirl of the 
Town" at the Century Theatre, and then returned to America 
to appear in "The Girl from Paris" as Julie Bon Bon. Her later 
successes are "The Chaperon," "Twiddle Twaddle," "His Honor 
the Mayor" and "The Prince of Pilsen." The season of 1907-8 
she was seen as Caroline Volkens in "The Orchid" with Eddie 
Foy, produced at the Herald Square Theatre April 8, 1907. The 
season of 1907-8 Miss Friganza was seen in vaudeville. 



WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 183 

FKOHMAN, Charles: 

Manager, was born in Sandusky, Ohio, June 17, 1860. He 
is the younger brother of Daniel Frohman, also a prominent 
manager. When Charles Frohman was twelve years old he went 
to New York and, through the influence of Daniel, who was 
then a reporter on the New York Tribune, became night clerk 
in the business office of that newspaper. He attended school 
during the day and at nine o'clock at night began his work, 
remaining in the Tribune office until four o'clock in the morn- 
ing and then trudging to his home, two and a half miles away. 
When he was fourteen he left school and was employed with 
his brother in the advertising department of the New York 
Daily Graphic. There he worked all day. At night he sold 
tickets in the box office of Hooley's Theatre, Brooklyn. To 
reach his home after the performance he was 'Obliged to ride 
six miles. In 1877 he went West to take charge of the Chicago 
Comedy Company, which produced "Our Boys" and similar plays 
with John Dillon as the star. A year or two later he joined 
William Haverly, and with him organized the Haverly Mastodou 
Minstrels which opened at the Howard Athenaeum, Boston. He 
took the minstrels to London and toured with them successfully 
in the English provinces for nine months. At the end of 1879 
he again joined his brother Daniel, who was then managing the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York. When Daniel retired from 
the management of this theatre Charles Frohman managed the 
tours of several companies sent out with the Wallack successes. 
Then he returned to New York and established himself as a dra- 
matic agent in a little office on Broadway. There fortune began 
to smile upon him. On November 18, 1888, Bronson Howard's 
"Shenandoah" was produced at the Boston Museum. Mr. Froh- 
man was the agent of the author. The play was not a success 
as produced, but Mr. Frohman saw great possibilities in it, and 
Mr. Howard agreed to make the changes desired by his agent. 
Then Mr. Frohman obtained the entire American rights to the 
play, except for Boston, and induced Al. Hayman, a California 
manager, and W. R. Hooley to join him. Each of these ad- 
vanced one thousand five hundred dollars, while Mr. Frohman, 
with no money to contribute, undertook the management. The 
play was then produced at the old Star Theatre, New York. 
It was a tremendous success, and three years later the partners 
divided among them a profit of one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars, having paid the author in royalties fifty thousand dol- 
lars more. From that time on Mr. Frohman was in the as- 
cendant. In 1890 he organized a stock company in what was 
then Proctor's Theatre, in West Twenty-third street, New York. 



184 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

This finally developed into the Empire Theatre Stock Company. 
In the meantime Mr. Frohman had been planning a combina- 
tion of theatrical interests which would control the United States 
field. He obtained the aid of Al. Hayman, Rich & Harris, of 
Boston; Nixon & Zimmerman, of Philadelphia, and other lead- 
ing and wealthy managers, and launched what is known as the 
Theatrical Trust. In a few years this organization was in con- 
trol of a large number of the best theatres from New York to 
San Francisco and from Boston to the Gulf. Then leading stars 
began to appear under the management of Mr. Frohman. Mr. 
Frohman next extended his field across the Atlantic by leasing 
and managing the Aldych and Duke of York's theatres in Lon- 
don and becoming jointly interested with the Gattis in the Vaude- 
ville, and with Arthur Chudleigh in the Comedy. He pursued 
the same policy in England that had been so successful in the 
United States, producing at his London theatres all his Ameri- 
can successes and organizing companies to play them in the 
provinces. He divides his time between the United States and 
Great Britain, going to London every February and remaining 
until July. 

FROHMAN, Daniel: 

Manager, was born in Sandusky, Ohio, in 1853. He was 
one of three brothers, all of whom became theatrical managers. 
Daniel was the oldest, Gustave the second and Charles the third. 
In 1865 Daniel Frohman went to New York. He became a mes- 
senger for Albert D. Richardson of the Tribune editorial staff. 
Later he became a reporter on the Tribune and then private sec- 
retary to Horace Greeley. When John R. Young founded The 
Standard young Frohman became business manager and later 
when the newspaper suspended publication, two and a half 
years after, Mr. Frohman became an advertising agent for The 
Graphic, the first daily illustrated newspaper published in the 
United States. Ill health forced him to abandon this business 
and he became advance man for Callender's Minstrels. In 1877 
he became identified with J. H. Haverly, the first manager to 
evolve the idea of combining the business of a number of 
theatres under one management. He managed the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre for Mr. Haverly, but in 1879, when the Mallory brothers 
got control of the Madison Square Theatre, he accepted an offer 
to manage that house. He remained there until 1885, "Hazel 
Kirke," "Esmeralda," "The Rajah," and "May Blossom" (in 
which Georgia Cayvan made her first appearance) being pro- 
duced there under his management. In 1886, when A. M. Palmer 
took the Madison Square Theatre, Mr. Frohman obtained control 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 185 

of the Lyceum Theatre in Fourth avenue, and organized a stock 
company with Miss Cayvan as leading woman and Herbert Kel- 
cey as leading man. Others in the company were Effie Shannon, 
Katherine Florence, Mrs. Walcott, Mrs. Whiffen, Henry Miller, 
W. J. Le Moyue, Nelson Wheatcroft, Eugene Ormond and Will- 
iam Faversham. "The Wife," the first play presented by the 
company, ran for a season and the theatre leaped from obscurity 
to prominence, where it stayed until its final closing about fif- 
teen years. In the meantime Mr. Frohman had starred E. H. 
Sothern and brought the Kendals to this country. "The Wife," 
"Sweet Lavender," "The Charity Ball," "The Idler," a revival 
of "Old Heads and Young Hearts," "Lady Bountiful," "Squire 
Kate," "Merry Gotham," "The Gray Mare," "Americans Abroad," 
"Trelawney" and "Rebellious Susan" were some of his most suc- 
cessful plays at the Lyceum. After the old Lyceum had disap- 
peared, the new Lyceum was constructed by Mr. Frohman. There 
its chief successes were E. H. Sothern in "The Proud Prince," 
William Gillette in "The Admirable Crichton," Mrs. G. H. Gil- 
bert in "Granny," Ethel Barrymore in "The Doll's House," Sir 
Charles Wyndham and Mary Moore in their London plays, Mr. 
Klein's play, "The Lion and the Mouse"; the military comedy. 
"The Boys of Company B," and in September, 1907, the debut 
as a star of Miss Margaret Illington in "Dr. Wake's Patient," 
an English comedy. Mr. Frohman is also the manager of Daly's 
Theatre, which he leased upon the death of Augustin Daly. In 
1904 Mr. Frohman married Margaret Illington, the well-known 
actress. He lives in West Seventy-ninth street, New York. 

FULLER, Miss Loie: 

Dancer, was born near Chicago and taken to that city when 
she was six years old. She was a precocious girl, and at that 
age gave a number of lectures on temperance. From this she- 
was graduated to the stage, and in her 'teens she played all 
kinds of parts in Western repertoire companies. Her first ap- 
pearance in New York was as Jack Sheppard in the burlesque 
of that name, produced at the Bijou Theatre by Nat Goodwin. 
After a winter in New York she took a company to the West 
Indies, playing everything from Topsy to Juliet. Then she took 
a trip to Europe, and George Edwardes engaged her as an un- 
derstudy for Nellie Farren. While in London she received from 
a friend in India a beautiful white silk skirt, and this skirt 
was the origin of the skirt dance, in which she became famous. 
On returning to America she was cast in a part in "Quack, M.D./' 
in which she appeared in a farcical hypnotic scene. Not know- 
ing just what to wear, she thought of the Indian skirt. She 



18G WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

fixed it up with a silk bodice, fastened it with springs over her 
shoulders, and in the unique garb danced over the stage. She 
discovered that it caught exquisitely the colors of the calcium, 
and with this discovery came the creation of the serpentine 
dance, with which the name of Loie Fuller thenceforward be- 
came identified. She developed the dance so well that it soon 
was the theatrical rage of two continents. She first produced the 
dance at the Casino, New York. Frank McKee, the partner of 
Charles Hoyt, saw it and offered Miss Fuller one hundred and 
fifty dollars a week to dance the serpentine in Hoyt's "A Trip 
to Chinatown" at the Madison Square Theatre. After remaining 
at the Madison Square for several months Miss Fuller sailed for 
Europe and danced in Berlin, Paris and London. 

GALLAND, Miss Bertha: 

Actress, was born near Wilkes-Barre, Pa., November 15, 1876, 
and when little more than a child made a deep study of the 
heroines of Shakespeare. In 1897 she starred through New 
England, the late Joseph Haworth being her leading man. She 
played Lady Macbeth and Juliet. The following season Mr. 
Haworth became the star and Miss Galland was his leading 
woman. She made her first appearance in New York at the 
Criterion Theatre March 6, 1900, playing the Princess Ottilie in 
"The Pride of Jennico" with James K. Hackett and scored a 
success, continuing in the part for two seasons. She then be- 
came a star in "The Forest Lovers" under the management oi 
Daniel Frohman. This was followed by "The Love Match" and 
Esmeralda in "Notre Dame." The seasons of 1903-4 she played 
"Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall" under the management of J. 
Fred Zimmerman, Jr., and following years she was under the 
management of David Belasco in "Sweet Kitty Bellairs." Her 
home is at 1271 Broadway, New York City. 

GEORGE, Miss Grace (Mrs. William A. Brady) : 

Actress, was born in New York in 1880 and received a con- 
vent education. After studying dramatic art she made her first 
stage appearance in a small part in Charles Frohman's produc- 
tion of "The New Boy," and in 1894 succeeded Edna Wallace 
Hopper as Wilbur's Ann in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." She 
next attracted attention as Aime'e in "Charley's Aunt" and 
Gretchen in "The Wandering Minstrel." After supporting 
Charles B. Welles as Madeline in "Frederic Lemaitre" in vaude- 
ville, she attracted especial notice by her work in Charles Dick- 
son's "Jealousy" and "An Undeveloped Bud" also in vaudeville. 
After appearing in '"The Turtle" at the Manhattan Theatre. 
New York, she played the role of the young wife in "Mile. Fifi," 




GRACE GEORGE 



188 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

thereby enhancing her popularity. She made her first appear- 
ance as a star under W. A. Brady's management in the comedy 
"The Princess Chiffon," an adaptation of the younger Dumas's 
"Diane de Lys," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, in 1899. 
This was followed in 1900 by her appearance as Queen Wilhel- 
mina in "Her Majesty." The season of 1901-2 she starred in 
Lottie Blair Parker's "Under Southern Skies." Later she made 
a tour at the head of a special cast as Gilberte in Meilhac and 
Halevy's "Frou Frou." The season of 1903-4 she made one of 
the chief successes of her career as a star in "Pretty Peggy," 
the Garrick-Woffington play, by Fannie Aymar Matthews, pro- 
duced at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. The spring qf 
1904 she was one of the all-star cast in the revival of "The Two 
Orphans" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York. After ap- 
pearing as Abigail in Kellett Chambers's comedy of that name, 
she played the role of Lady Kitty in a dramatization of Mrs. 
Humphry Ward's "The Marriage of William Ashe" in the sea- 
son of 1905-6, and also appeared in Rupert Hughes's comedy, 
"The Richest Girl." She opened, September 11, 1906, at the 
Manhattan Theatre with "Clothes," by Avery Hopwood and Chan- 
ning Pollock, and starred in this piece throughout the season. 
Early in 1907 she starred in "Divorgons," which she played with 
great success in London during the summer. The season of 
1907-8 she starred in "Sylvia of the Letters," by Jerome K. 
Jerome. 

GENEE, Miss Adeline: 

Dancer, was born in Aarhuus, Jutland, Denmark, and began 
dancing at the age of eight. She studied under her uncle, Alex- 
ander Genee and made her first professional appearance in Co- 
penhagen when she was seventeen years old. She subsequently 
appeared in Berlin at the Grand Opera House, and was engaged 
as leading dancer at the Empire Theatre, London, where she has 
been seen for a number of years. She appeared before Queen 
Alexandra at Copenhagen in 1904, and the following year ap- 
peared as a special feature in "The Little Michus" at Daly's 
Theatre, London. The season of 1906-7 she was leading dancer 
in the ballets of "Coppelia," "Cinderella," and "The Debutantes." 
The season of 1907-8 she was seen in America in vaudeville. 

GEORGE, Miss Marie (Mrs. Norman J. Norman) : 

Actress, was born in New York in 1879, being the daughter 
of German-American parents. She was educated at a German 
school, and was taught music by her father. In 1897, changing; 
her real name of Georg into the English George, she made her 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 183 

first appearance on the stage in New York in a small part in 
"The Lady Slavey." She was rapidly promoted, until she as- 
sumed the part of the Lady Slavey herself. She created five 
star parts in less than a year, and in 1900 went to London with 
"The Casino Girl." She was then engaged by Henry Lowenfeld 
to play in the opening piece at the new Apollo Theatre. For 
two seasons she played the principal girl part in Drury Lane 
pantomimes, and in 1905 played in "The White Chrysanthemum" 
at the Criterion Theatre, London. In 1906 Miss George played 
the principal girl's part in the Drury Lane pantomime, "Sinbad 
the Sailor." 

GERMAN, Edward (Smith) : 

Composer, was born at Whitchurch, in England, February 
17, 1862, and was educated in Chester. When eighteen years old 
he became a student at the Royal Academy of Music, London, 
and for professional purposes took the name of German in place 
of his own, Smith. For some years he played the violin in the 
orchestra at the Savoy Theatre, London, and became a protege 
and pupil of the late Sir Arthur Sullivan. He first established 
a reputation as a conductor of musical festivals in England, 
and the composition which brough him early fame was the in- 
cidental music to "Henry VIII" for Sir Henry Irving's produc- 
tion. He also wrote music for many Shakespearian productions, 
including some of those of the late Richard Mansfield. When 
Sir Arthur Sullivan died he completed his unfinished opera, 
"The Emerald Isle," produced at the Savoy Theatre, London, in 
1901. Successive years he composed the music of "Merrie Eng- 
land" and "A Princess of Kensington," both produced at the 
Savoy, and afterward played in this country. His latest com- 
position for the stage is the music of "Tom Jones," a comic 
opera, produced in England in the spring of 1907 and at the 
Aster Theatre, New York, November 11, 1907. Mr. German's 
home is at 5 Hall road, London, England. 

GERMON, Miss Erne: 

Actress, was born in Augusta, Ga., being the daughter of 
G. C. Germon, of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" fame. She removed with 
her folks to Baltimore, Md., in her childhood and made her first 
appearance on the stage in a Philadelphia stock company the 
fall of 1857, and then joined similar organizations in Washing- 
ton and Baltimore. Her New York debut was made shortly aft- 
erward in John Brougham's company with which she remained 
several years. On March 15, 1869 she appeared as Naomi Tighe 
in T. W. Robertson's "School" with Lester Wallack, and was a 



190 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

member of that actor's company seventeen years. Miss Germon 
has been seen with the late Richard Mansfield in "Prince Karl," 
the original production of "Little Lord Fauntleroy," with Fran- 
cis Wilson in "Erminie," in "The Circus Girl" and numerous 
equally important productions. In 1899 she toured in "Because 
She Loved Him So," and subsequently in "David Harum," and 
"Are You a Mason?" The season of 1906-7 she appeared in 
"Sunday" on the road. 

GIDDENS, George: 

Was born at Chadwick Manor, Middlesex, England, in 1855, 
being the son of James Giddens, a farmer, of Arborfield Berks. 
He began life as an articled clerk in a solicitor's office. While 
playing as an amateur he was noticed by Sir Charles Wyndham, 
on whose advice he decided to study for the stage. He made 
his first appearance at the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, in 1874. 
In 1875 he came to the United States with Sir Charles Wynd- 
ham. His first appearance in London was in 1878, when he 
played Jex in "The Idol" at the Folly Theatre. He played sev- 
eral years at the Criterion, London, sharing in the honors of 
the success of "Betsy," "The Headless Man," "Truth," "David 
Garrick," and "The Candidate." In 1891 he created the role of 
Adolphus Greenthorne in "Husband and Wife" at the Comedy 
Theatre, and he has since played with success at Wyndham's, 
the Haymarket, St. James's and Drury Lane. He married Misa 
Katherine Dandridge Drew, an American, in 1891. The fall sea- 
son of 1906 he appeared with Miss Ellis Jeffreys at the Liberty 
Theatre, New York, in "The Dear Unfair Sex," and later in the 
season played in "She Stoops to Conquer" with William H. 
Crane. 

GILBERT, Sir William Schwenk: 

Playwright, was born in London November 18, 1836. In 
early life he practised as a barrister. His "Bab Ballads," pub- 
lished in Punch, first attracted attention. In 1870 his play, "The 
Palace of Truth," and the comic cantata, "Trial by Jury," 
brought him into prominence as a playwright. His other best 
known plays are: "Pygmalion and Galatea," produced in 1871; 
"The Wicked World," 1873; "Charity," 1874; "Sweethearts," 
1874; "Broken Hearts," 1876; "Dan'l Druce," 1876; "Ne'er-Do- 
Weel," 1878; "Gretchen," 1879; and "Fogerty's Fairy," 1880. Sir 
William is best known, however, in conjunction with the late Sir 
Arthur Sullivan as the author of the remarkable series of comic 
operas beginning with "The Sorcerer," produced in London early 
in 1878; "H. M. S. Pinafore," 1878; "The Pirates of Penzance," 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 191. 

1880; "Patience," 1881; "lolanthe," 1882; "Princess Ida," "The 
Mikado," "Ruddigore," "The Yeomen of the Guard," "The Gon- 
doliers," "Utopia, Limited," and "The Grand Duke." He is also 
the author of "The Mountebanks," "His Excellency," and "The 
Fairy's Dilemma." His home is at Grimsdyke, Harrow Weald, 
Middlesex, England. 

GILLETTE, Miss Viola: 

Actress and singer, is a native of Salt Lake City, Utah, 
where she made a reputation as a church singer before decid- 
ing to adopt the stage as a profession. She made her first ap- 
pearance with an English opera company in Australia. She next 
joined the Alice Nielsen company, returning with it to this coun- 
try. She made a pronounced success as Prince Charming at the 
New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, in the production of "The 
Beauty and the Beast," and remained under the management of 
Klaw and Erlanger two seasons. She then joined the forces of 
John C. Fisher, and in the fall of 1906 went into the vaudeville 
houses with a singing specialty. The season of 1907-8 she was 
in vaudeville. 

GILLETTE, William: 

Actor and playwright, was born in Hartford, Conn., July 24, 
1853. He is the son of Francis Gillette, ex-United States sen- 
ator and once a candidate for governor of the State. When a 
small boy he showed histrionic tastes, which he exploited in the 
attic of the Gillette homestead, but his ambitions were frowned 
upon by his parents. He was graduated from the Hartford High 
School, and studied at the University of the City of New York 
and at Boston University. When about twenty years old Gil- 
lette, still bent on a stage career, left his home and studies and, 
reaching St. Louis, obtained a place as utility man in the stock 
company of Ben De Bar which opened in New Orleans. For 
this Mr. Gillette received nothing a week, and when he sug- 
gested an increase in salary he was discharged. He made his 
way home, and stayed there until 1875 when Mark Twain, who 
was a neighbor of the Gillettes, obtained an engagement for him 
at the Globe Theatre in Boston. He made his first appearance 
as Guzman in "Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady" on Septem- 
ber 15 of that year. That same season he played the Counsel 
for the Defence in "The Gilded Age" with John T. Raymond, and 
also played Malcolm in "Macbeth," Montano in "Othello," Ben- 
volio in "Romeo and Juliet," Rosencrantz in "Hamlet," Master 



192 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Wilford in "The Hunchback" and other parts in a wide range of 
modern plays, his chief success being as Prince Florian in 
"Broken Hearts," a part he obtained because of the sudden ill- 
ness of Harry Murdock. Two seasons with the McCauley Stock 
Company in Cincinnati and Louisville followed, during which 
Mr. Gillette was evolving his first play. This had its birth in 
one-act form, and was elaborated until, at its production at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, June 1, 1881, under the title 
of "The Professor," it was a full-fledged three-act play with the 
author in the title role. The play ran nearly a year in New 
York. Mr. Gillette aided Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett in writ- 
ing "Esmeralda," which followed at the same house, and he also 
played in the production of "Young Mrs. Winthrop." In 1884 
Mr. Gillette played the principal part in his own adaptation of 
Von Moser's "Der Bibliothekar" at the Comedy Theatre, New 
York. The same night A. M. Palmer produced "The Private Sec- 
retary," Charles Hawtrey's adaptation of the same play, at the 
Madison Square Theatre. Threatened lawsuits ended in a com- 
promise, and Mr. Gillette for several seasons starred in a com- 
posite of the two versions of "The Private Secretary." Mr. Gil- 
lette's next play, "Held by the Enemy," was produced at the Cri- 
terion Theatre, Brooklyn, in 1886, and taken to the Madison 
Square Theatre, where it achieved great success. Mr. Gillette 
himself played the part of Thomas Bean, the war correspondent. 
Mr. Gillette's dramatization of Rider Haggard's "She" was pro- 
duced at Niblo's Garden in 1887, and was followed by his "All 
the Comforts of Home" in 1890, "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows" in 
1891, and "Ninety Days." While preparing this elaborate pro- 
duction Mr. Gillette became dangerously ill and had to retire. 
As an invalid, rusticating in North Carolina, he wrote his great- 
est play, "Secret Service," which was produced at the Broad 
Street Theatre, Philadelphia, on May 15, 1895. "Too Much John- 
son," a comedy by Mr. Gillette, produced at the Standard Thea- 
tre, New York, the previous year also was very successful. He 
also wrote "Settled Out of Court" and "Because She Loved Him 
So." In 1901 Mr. Gillette dramatized Sir Conan Doyle's detect- 
ive stories, under the title of "Sherlock Holmes," himself play- 
ing the title part, with much success in this country and in Eng- 
land for two successive seasons. The season of 1903-4 he played 
in J. M. Barrie's "The Admirable Crichton." The season of 
1894-5 he acted in London, and in 1905-6-7 he produced and 
played in "Clarice." Mr. Gillette is a member of The Players, 
The Lambs and the American Dramatists' Club, New York; the 
Friday Night and Albatross clubs, Boston, and the Lake City 
Club, Chicago. 



WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 193 

GILLMAN, Miss Mabelle (Mrs. William E. Cory) : 

Actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., in 1880, and was 
educated at Mill's College in that city. Her first stage appear- 
ance was made in September, 1896, at Daly's Theatre, New York, 
in "The Geisha" and later was seen at the same playhouse as 
Lucille in "The Circus Girl," and in "The Runaway Girl." In 
1899 she appeared in "In Gay Paree" at the Casino Theatre, 
New York, and subsequently as Laura Lee in "The Casino Girl." 
She went to London in 1900, returning to America in 1902 and 
appearing in "The Mocking Bird," "The Hall of Fame," and 
"Dolly Varden." She was also seen in London in October, 1903, 
in the latter piece. The year following she played in the title 
role in the comic opera "Amorelle" at the Comedy Theatre, 
London. She has retired from the stage. Miss Gillman was 
married to William E. Cory, the president of the Steel Trust, in 
Pittsburg early in 1907. 

GILLMORE, Frank: 

Actor, was born in New York of English parents who re- 
turned to their native land when he was only a few months 
old. His mother, Miss Emily Thorne, was a well-known actress. 
Mr. Gillmore made his first appearance at the age of twelve with 
a traveling pantomime called "Jack and the Beanstalk" under 
the management of his aunt, Miss Sarah Thorne. His first ap- 
pearance in London was in the small part of Captain Vane in 
"Fascination," by the late Robert Buchanan, at the Vaudeville 
Theatre. He remained in the stock company at that theatre for 
three years, with occasional appearances at other London thea- 
tres. In the autumn of 1892 he returned to America to join 
Charles Frohman's forces. His first appearance was in St. Louis 
in "Settled Out of Court." The following spring he appeared in 
New York for the first time at the Standard Theatre now the 
Manhattan, in "The Better Part," and later in "The Arabian 
Nights." The next season he went on the road and for eighteen 
months played the part of Lord Windermere in "Lady Winder- 
mere's Fan." Returning to England in 1895 he played engage- 
ments with E. S. Willard, Forbes-Robertson and Beerbohm Tree. 
Then he was under John Hare's management for three years. 
This brought him again to this country on Mr. Hare's second 
American tour, when he played George D'Alroy in "Caste," the 
Rev. Noel Brice in Pinero's "The Hobby Horse," and Percy in 
"A Pair of Spectacles." When Mr. Hare produced the Pinero 
play, "The Gay Lord Quex," in London Mr. Gillmore played 
Valma. Then he joined Nat Goodwin's company and was the 
original Soldierman in "When We Were Twenty-one." The sea- 



194 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

son of 1899-1900 he was leading man with Mrs. Fiske, playing 
Rawdon Crawley in "Becky Sharp," and Angel Clare in "Tess." 
For the two following years he was a member of George Faw- 
cett's company in Baltimore. The season of 1902-3 he began 
with "The Japanese Nightingale," and after that closed he again 
joined Mrs. Fiske, this time to play Aulus Flavius in "Mary of 
Magdala" and other parts. The autumn of 1904 he returned to 
England, where he played Captain Lovel in "Mice and Men" 
with Forbes-Robertson. He also toured this country with him. 
Then followed a short season at the American Theatre, where 
Mr. Gillmore played Mercutio, Bassanio and Sir Christopher 
Deering in "The Liars." The autumn of 1905 he joined W. A. 
Brady and Joseph Grismer's company, appearing as John St. 
John in "As Ye Sow." He left that after the New York run, to 
play the Marquis of Tredbury in the original production of 
Winston Churchill's play, "The Title Mart." In the spring of 
1906 he appeared at the Garrick as Sir Charles Foden in "What 
the Butler Saw." On Septembr 18, 1906, he played Cecil Stan- 
forth in "Man and His Angel" at the Haekett Theatre, New 
York, and then joined Miss Henrietta Crosman's company lor 
the balance of the season, appearing as Jimmy Keppel in "All- 
of-a-Sudden Peggy." His home is at 836 West End avenue, 
New York. Mr. Gillmore's wife is known on the stage as Laura 
McGilvray. 

GILMORE, Barney: 

Irish comedian and singer, was born in Philadelphia in 1867. 
As a young man he sang in a church choir in Camden, N. J., 
and when twenty-one joined the Duff Opera Company to play 
small parts. He was then starred in a play called "The Irish 
Jockey," but had to retire on account of ill health and went 
back to church work. He made his reappearance at Keith's, in 
Philadelphia, in a character singing specialty. Then he formed 
a partnership with John Conley, and they played an Irish sketch 
in the vaudeville houses for two years. He next joined John F. 
Leonard, and they wrote and produced "Hogan's Alley," which 
proved a great success. Mr. Gilmore more recently starred in 
his own play, "The Rocky Road to Dublin." The season of 
1907-8 Mr. Gilmore starred in "Dublin Dan, the Irish Detec-tive." 

GILMOITR, J. H.: 

Actor, was born in Montreal and made his first appearance 
there in 1877, playing Valentine in "Twelfth Night," as a mem- 
ber of the Montreal Stock Company. Subsequently he was a 
member of Felix Morris's company in the same theatre and 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 195 

played a summer season with. George Rignold. After a season 
in the Halifax Stock Company Mr. Gilmour was engaged at 
Wallack's Theatre. This was during the season of 1878-9 and 
part of the season of 1880. With Eugene A. McDowell as man- 
ager he went to the West Indies, playing such parts as Ingomar, 
Pygmalion, Elliot Grey in "Rosedale," Julian Gray in "The New 
Magdalen," Hugh Chalcott in "Ours," George D'Alroy and Cap- 
tain Hawtree in "Caste," Lord Beaufort in "School," Rudolph 
Chandose in "Led Astray," Talbot Champneys in "Our Boys," 
as well as the leading roles in Augustin Daly's "Pique," "Rose 
Michel," and "The Two Orphans." In 1881 Mr. Gilmour re- 
turned to New York, joined one of the Madison Square travel- 
ing companies and supported the late Carrie Turner in "Hazel 
Kirke." Mr. Gilmour then took a company of his own to Mon- 
treal, where he played the summer season. He played Andrea? 
in Lillian Olcott's production of Sardou's "Theodora." Then he 
played the title role in "Mr. Barnes of New York," and made a 
memorable hit as the Earl of Dorrincourt in "Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy." Mr. Gilmour supported Rose Coghlan at the Union 
Square Theatre, New York, and also Julia Marlowe in "Barbara 
Frietchie"; he appeared as Flambeau when Maude Adams pro- 
duced Rostand's "L'Aiglon." Since then Mr. Gilmour has been 
in "The Price of Peace," "The Suburban," "Mizpah," and "La 
Belle Marsellaise." Meanwhile Mr. Gilmour had appeared in 
Denver and in San Francisco with local stock companies. The 
season of 1905-G he was seen in Sidney Rosenfeld's "The Opti- 
mist" with Charlotte Walker. Later he played lachimo in Viola 
Allen's production of "Cymbeline." Early in 1907 Mr. Gilmour 
took charge of the School of Acting of the Chicago Musical 
College. 

GIRARDOT, Etienne: 

Actor, was born in London of French parents. His father,. 
E. Gustave Girardot, is a painter of eminence in England. Mr. 
Girardot was educated for commerce and became an accom- 
plished linguist, but home surroundings led him to become an 
art student first and a dramatic aspirant later. In 1875 he made 
his first appearance as an actor in a small part in the English 
provinces. Eight years of hard work followed, in which he 
sometimes played fifteen parts in a week, and on one occasion 
"went on" for eight characters in "Macbeth." His first success 
was at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, in "The Yellow Dwarf." 
After a year with Mr. and Mrs. Bancroft at the Haymarket 
Theatre he played engagements with John Hare and Arthur 
Cecil, appearing as Sir Woodbine Grafton in "Peril," and the 



196 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Colonel in "The Queen's Shilling." For two years he acted 
Colonel Sterndale in "The Solicitor," and made successes as the 
Idiot in "Almost a Life," and Silas Hobbs in "Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy." He was the Antonio in "Much Ado About Nothing" when 
Ellen Terry first played Beatrice. In 1893 Mr. Girardot was se- 
lected by Brandon Thomas, the author, to play the leading part 
in "Charley's Aunt" in this country, and made his first appear- 
ance in New York at the Standard, now the Manhattan Theatre. 
The extraordinary success of this comedy in London, where 
W. S. Penley played the title part, was duplicated, and Mr. Gi- 
rardot has become chiefly associated as an actor with the part 
of Lord Fancourt Babberley. In this country he has also played 
Cavendish in "Mam'zelle 'Awkins," Professor Archibald Gilwor- 
thy in "The Purple Lady," Frank Stayner in "Miss Francis of 
Yale," Major Wilbraham with Mrs. Fiske in "Miranda of the 
Balcony," Baron de Stael with William Collier in "The Diplo- 
mat," Sir Robin McTaft in "My Lady Peggy Goes to Town," 
Flute in "A Midsummer Night's Dream" with Nat Goodwin, 
Valentine Favre in "Leah Kleschna" and Baptiste in "The Rose," 
both with Mrs. Fiske, and as Auguste de St. Gre in "The Cross- 
ing." The season of 1907-8 he appeared in vaudeville in the 
one-act sketch, "A Game of Cards." 

GIRARBOT, Miss Isabella: 

Actress, is a sister of Etienne Girardot, the actor. She was 
born in London and began taking lessons on the violin whea 
she was four years old. She entered the Royal Academy of Mu- 
sic when she was nine and won several gold and silver medals. 
In her early 'teens she made her first professional stage appear- 
ance in the part of Ella Willoughby in the musical comedy, "In 
Possession," by Walter Browne, at Mr. and Mrs. German Reed's 
entertainment at St. George's Hall, London. Her next engage- 
ment was in "La Cigale," in which she played the title role. 
She also appeared in "Madame Favart," and "The Geisha," un- 
der the management of George Edwardes. Other roles in which 
she has appeared are Madame Angot, Olivette, and Pepita. Miss 
Girardot came to this country six years ago and has devoted 
much time to church singing, although she has played in sev- 
eral of F. C. Whitney's productions. She recently played with 
her brother in a revival of "Charley's Aunt." 

GLASEE, Miss Lulu (Mrs. Ralph C. Herz) : 

Comedienne, was born in Allegheny City, Pa., on June 2, 
1874. In 1892, when Francis Wilson and Marie Jansen were 
playing in "The Lion Tamer," Miss Glaser having obtained 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 197 

through a friend an introduction to Mr. De Novellis, the leader 
of the orchestra at the Broadway Theatre, New York, sang for 
him there to test her capabilities. Mr. De Novellis was so well 
pleased that he introduced Miss Glaser to Mr. Wilson. He gave 
her a place in the chorus of "The Lion Tamer" and also made 
her Miss Jansen's understudy. When the latter left the com- 
pany Miss Glaser took her place and jumped into popularity as 
Angelina. In her first season, 1892, Miss Glaser played Lazuli 
in "The Merry Monarch," and Javctte in Mr. Wilson's revival of 
"Erminie." Then she played Elverine in "The Devil's Deputy," 
and in 1895 Rita in "The Chieftain," still with Mr. Wilson. Next 
she played Pierette in "Half a King," and Jacquelin in "The 
Little Corporal." In 1899-1900 she played Roxane in Mr. Wil- 
son's production of the opera "Cyrano de Bergerac," and again 
appeared as Javotte in a revival of "Erminie." The next sea- 
son she appeared as a star at the head of her own company in 
"Sweet Annie Page." From 1901 to 1904 she was under the 
management of Fred Whitney as a star in "Dolly Varden," 
which had a six months' run at the Herald Square Theatre, 
New York. From 1904 to 1908 she was under the management 
of Charles B. Dillingham, and starred in "The Madcap Princess' 5 
and "Miss Dolly Dollars." The fall of 1907 she starred in "Lola 
from Berlin," and in December, 1907, she joined the company 
of Joseph Weber. The spring of 1907 Miss Glaser married Ralph 
C. Herz, an English actor. Miss Glaser's home is at 179 West 
Seventy-second street, New York. 

GLENDINNING, John: 

Actor, was born in Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, No- 
vember 30, 1857. His parents were Scotch, his grandfather liv- 
ing close by and being a personal friend of Robert Burns. After 
considerable experience as an amateur he began his professional 
career in 1880 as a member of Alexander Wright's company al 
the Theatre Royal, Greenock, Scotland. He next became leading 
man in support of Walter Bentley, playing such parts as lago 
and Mercutio. A season with Bland Holt's company in "Taken 
from Life" followed, and in 1887 he created the part of Jack 
Dudley in "Hands Across the Sea" at Manchester, England. He 
played Tom Potter in the original production of "The Silver 
Shield," by Sydney Grundy, and he was one of the first to play 
Wilfred Denver in "The Silver King," David Kingsley in "Har- 
bor Lights," and Ned Drayton in "In the Ranks." In 1880 he 
joined Mr. and Mrs. Kendal's company, making his first appear- 
ance as George Desmond in "A White Lie." The same year he 
came with the Kendals to this country opening at the Fifth Ave- 



198 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

nue Theatre, New York, and, with the exception of a three years" 
tour with his own company in England, 1896-9, he has since 
been associated with the American stage. He was for four years 
under the management of Charles Frohman. He was the Laird 
in the first production of "Trilby" in this country. In 1899 he 
was leading man with Olga Nethersole, playing in "Sapho," 
"The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," and "Camille." He created the 
part of Hardolph Mayn in the first American production of 
"Joseph Entangled," by Henry Arthur Jones, and was in the 
cast of "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots" in the New York production. 
In 1905 Mr. Glendinning went to Australia in support of Nance 
O'Neil, and played a repertoire of leading parts there and in 
New Zealand. The fall of 1906 he returned to New York to 
take part in the original production of "The Hypocrites" at the 
Hudson Theatre. The fall of 1907 he produced and played in 
a vaudeville sketch of his own, called "A Strolling Player." 
The season of 1907-8 he supported Miss Viola Allen in "Irene 
Wycherley." Early in 1897 Mr. Glendinning married Miss Jessie 
Millward, the English actress. He is the father of Jessie L. 
Glendinning, an actress. Mr. Glendinning is a remarkably ex 
pert swimmer, having many times swum across the Narrows of 
New York harbor and having the record of swimming five miles 
out to sea and back. He is a member of The Lambs, New York, 
and the Savage Club, London. 

GOLD, Miss Belle (Mrs. A. W. Cross) : 

Comedienne, was originally a newspaper reporter, starting 
when she was twelve years old. When she was fourteen an as- 
signment was given her to write about the life of stage women 
behind the scenes. Through this she obtained an engagement 
with John B. Doris, who took a fancy to her, and he gave her 
a part. She was successful in it, but returned to her newspaper 
for a time. The following year she went on the stage for good, 
and gradually achieved considerable fame. She appeared in "In 
Gay New York" and in a revival of "The Still Alarm." She was 
featured in the original production of "The Bowery After Dark," 
and starred in "The Colorado Waif," and "New York Day by 
Day." In 1904 the Hanlon Brothers featured Miss Gold in their 
"Superba." Klaw and Erlanger then signed her to originate the 
part of Desdemona with Mclntyre and Heath in "The Ham 
Tree." The season of 1906 she continued with "The Ham Tree" 
company, and during the engagement of that company in New 
York her work attracted much attention, especially her singing 
and dancing. Miss Gold is the wife of A. W. Cross manager 
for Walker Whiteside and Lawrence Evart. She is the first of 




BELLE GOLD 



200 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

her family to be associated with the stage. Miss Gold is a 
native of New York State and makes her home in New York 
City at 417 East Eighty-fifth street. She has a summer resi- 
dence at Atlantic Highlands, N. J. 

GOLDEN, Richard: 

Actor, was born in Bucksport, Me., in July, 1854, and was 
educated at the public schools there. He made his first profes- 
sional appearance when he was thirteen years old with a Mexi- 
can circus known as Allie's Allied Shows, but his real stage 
debut was made in 1876 when he joined Edward E. Rice's forces 
and played the fore legs of the heifer, Henry E. Dixey being the 
hind legs, in the original production of "Evangeline." He was 
afterward promoted to play the Policeman and Le Blanc. He 
was with Mr. Rice many seasons, and then undertook the man- 
agement of the Dora Wiley Opera Company, of which his wife. 
from whom he was divorced in 1892, was the star. He after- 
ward married at Cohoes, N. Y., Miss Katherine Kittleman. Mr. 
Golden produced "Old Jed Prouty," of which he was part author, 
in 1889, and has since played the part about three thousand 
times. In 1894 Mr. Golden was joint star with Miss Pauline 
Hall in a revival of "The Princess of Trebizonde" at Harrigan's 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1898-9 Mr. Golden appeared 
with Alice Neilsen in "The Fortune Teller," and the following 
season he played the part of the Steward of the Duke of Bur- 
gundy in "Princess Chic," of which Miss Marguerite De Silva 
was the star. The season of 1905-6 he appeared in "The Tour- 
ists," and "The Bad Samaritan." The fall of 1907 Mr. Golden 
was seen in "The Other House" at the Majestic Theatre, New 
York. He is a member of The Lambs and the Green Room Club, 
New York. His home is at Port Washington, N. Y. 

GOODRICH, Miss Edna (Bessie Edna Stephens) : 

Actress, was born at Logansport, Ind., in 1883. Her father 
was A. S. Stephens, a coffee merchant. When Miss Edna was 
only two years old the family moved to Chicago, where her 
father embarked in business and became prosperous. Miss Good- 
rich was educated in Chicago, and was graduated from the Hyde 
Park High School. Having made several appearances as an ama- 
teur, she determined to adopt the stage as a profession and, go- 
ing to New York, obtained an engagement at the Casino Theatre 
there, where she made her first professional appearance as one 
of the sextette in "Florodora." Unlike hundreds of others, how- 
ever, Miss Goodrich does not claim to have been one of the 
original six. Miss Goodrich next went with the Anna Held com- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 201 

pany and became prominent through announcements that she 
was the highest salaried "show girl" on the American stage. It 
was with Miss Held that Miss Goodrich got the opportunity to 
play her first real part, that of Madame Recamier the famous 
Parisian beauty, in the musical comedy "Mile. Napoleon." Miss 
Goodrich then went to Europe and studied dramatic art for 
half a year. On her return she was engaged by Charles Froh- 
man as understudy to Hattie Williams in "The Rollicking Girl," 
playing the part several times in support of Sam Bernard. After 
five months' tuition under well-known retired actresses Miss 
Goodrich determined to enter the field of legitimate comedy. She 
bought the rights in "The Genius and the Model," a comedy by 
Wiliam C. and Cecil de Mille, and made the production herself, 
starring jointly with Harry Woodruff in the fall of 1905. In 
the spring of 1906 Nat C. Goodwin purchased the comedy and 
engaged Miss Goodrich to play her original part of Neil Graham, 
the artist's model. He renamed the play "The Genius," and 
Miss Goodrich first appeared as his leading woman on its pro- 
duction at Albany, N. Y., April 20, 1906. Continuing as Mr. 
Goodwin's leading woman, Miss Goodrich first appeared as Phyl- 
lis in "When We Were Twenty-one" at Kansas City on June 9, 
1906. The fall season of 1906 Miss Goodrich was featured in 
support of Nat C. Goodwin in "The Genius" at the Bijou Thea- 
tre, New York. The season of 1907-8 she supported Nat Good- 
win as leading woman in repertoire. 

GOODWIN, J. Cheever: 

Playwright, was Boston born and, as he is wont to put it, 
brown bred. He was educated at Harvard University and was 
graduated from that institution with the class of 1873. Soon 
after leaving college he took up amateur dramatic work, and 
from that gained such a liking for the legitimate stage that he 
became a member of a company headed by the elder Sothern 
which made a tour of America, Mr. Goodwin supporting the emi- 
nent English actor in light comedy parts in such plays as "Our 
American Cousin," "Home," and "The Hornet's Nest" for a sea- 
son. He soon, however, gave up playing for writing plays, and 
almost his first work in this line was the writing of the librettos 
for all the comic operas with which the late Alice Gates dis- 
placed the regime of the Lydia Thompson Burlesquers type of 
musical entertainment. Mr. Goodwin is best known as the writer 
of the books of "Evangeline," the extravaganza for which Ed- 
ward E. Rice wrote the music, and which, first produced at 
Niblo's Garden, New York, in the summer of 1874, is still played 
on two continents; "Wang," which made De Wolf Hopper a 



202 WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 

star, and "The Merry Monarch," which did a similar service 
for Francis Wilson. The scores for these comic operas were 
written by the late Woolson Morse. Mr. Goodwin wrote the book 
for the American and London musical success "Lost, Strayed or 
Stolen," for which Mr. Morse also wrote the score. Besides 
these Mr. Goodwin has written over fifty plays and librettos. 
In the meantime he has dabbled in finance and politics and 
served, for half a dozen years, as private secretary to ex-Cou- 
troller Theodore W. Myers of New York. He is a member of 
The Strollers, the American Dramatic Club and the Elks. He 
is still engaged in playwriting. 

GOODWIN, Nathaniel Carl, Jr.: 

Actor, best known as Nat Goodwin, was born in Boston 
July 25, 1857. While he was a schoolboy and a student at the 
Little Blue Academy in Farmington, Me., he was noted for his 
ability as a mimic. He was graduated by the college in 1873 
and became a clerk in the dry goods store of Wellington 
Brothers in Boston. After two months there he became a clerk 
in an upholsterer's shop. He remained there a month, and then 
entered upon his stage career. His chief desire, from the day 
he had first recognized his prowess as a mimic, had been to be- 
an actor, and through his college and clerkship days he had 
studied Shakespeare and taken lessons in dramatic art. When 
he left the upholsterer he gave dramatic readings for a time 
and then obtained a place at Niblo's Garden, New York, as gen- 
eral utility man. He next went to the Boston Museum to fill a 
like place. He made his first legitimate appearance, and fainted 
for the first and last time in his life, at the Providence Opera 
House with William Henderson's stock company. He was cast 
for the part of Sir George Hounslow in a melodrama, "The Bot- 
tle." When his cue came he rushed to the stage, raised his arm 
and opened his lips to speak. But no sound came from them. 
He was so overcome by stage fright that he dropped uncon- 
scious. He next found himself on a train wig, grease paint, 
stage costume and all bound for Boston. This experience for 
a time banished all thoughts of a stage career, and Mr. Good- 
win again became a clerk, this time in a shoe store. But the 
old longing soon reasserted itself, and he resumed giving his 
mimicry at public and private entertainments. The late Stuart 
Robson happened to see him at one of these entertainments and 
prevailed on John B. Stetson, who was about to star Robson in 
"Law in New York" at the Howard Athenaeum, Boston, to en- 
gage Mr. Goodwin to appear as a shoeblack and give his imita- 
tions of well-known actors, at a salary of five dollars a week. 




NAT C. GOODWIN 



204 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

He was so successful in this, really his debut, that Joseph Brad- 
ford wrote a sketch for him, "The Rehearsal," in which he 
again appeared at the Athenaeum. In 1875 he made his first 
New York appearance in a speaking part at Tony Pastor's 
Theatre. Soon afterward he appeared with Miss Minnie Palmer 
at the Fourteenth Street Theatre. He played Captain Crosstree 
in "Black-Eyed Susan," and was then engaged by Edward E. 
Rice to create the part of Captain Dietrich in "Evangeline." Ho 
did so well in this that he was soon playing the leading part, 
that of Le Blanc, which he continued to do for three years. 
After playing the Pirate Chief in Rice's production of "The Cor- 
sair," and in "Pippins," a burlesque by J. Cheever Goodwin, he 
organized in 1877 a company under the name of the Froliques, 
and with this he appeared for the next three years, presenting 
among other plays "Cruets," "Hobbies," "Rambles," and "Rip- 
ples." In 1880 he made a tour with "The Member for Slocum." 
In 1882 Mr. Goodwin again became his own manager, and in 
the next few years produced many of the Gilbert and Sullivan 
operas: "Confusion," "The Skating Rink," "Big Pony," "Our- 
selves," "The Black Flag," "Sparks," "A Gay Deceiver," "Colonel 
Tom," "Turned Up," "A Royal Revenge," "Lend Me Five Shil- 
lings," "A Midsummer Night's Dream," in which he was the 
Bottom, and "The Viper on the Hearth." In May, 1883, he 
played Modus in "The Hunchback," and the First Gravedigger 
in "Hamlet" at the Cincinnati Dramatic Festival. About this 
time he also played Marc Antony in "Julius Caasar" at a benefit 
for Tony Hart in New York. In 1889-90 he produced Henry 
Guy Carleton's "A Gilded Fool" and brought out "A Gold Mine" 
in London, and also played a cockney part in "The Bookmaker" 
under the management of George Edwardes. In May, 1890, he 
produced for the first time at Portland, Ore., "The Nominee," in 
which he created one of the most successful characters of his 
career, and which later had a long run at the Bijou Theatre, 
New York. In 1896 he was the Sir Lucius O'Trigger in an all- 
star cast revival of "The Rivals," and produced Madeleine Lu- 
cette Ryley's "An American Citizen." In 1898 he produced Clyde 
Fitch's "Nathan Hale," and in 1899 he went to London under 
the management of Charles Frohman, where he appeared with 
his wife, Maxine Elliott, in Clyde Fitch's "The Cowboy and the 
Lady." In February, 1900, he produced "When We Were Twenty- 
one," supported by Miss Elliott, at the Knickerbocker Theatre, 
New York. "Gringoire," "David Garrick," "In Mizzoura," and 
"Ambition" were other plays which he produced at this time. 
In twelve years he had created thirty-one different characters. 
In 1901 he made an elaborate production of "The Merchant of 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 205 

Venice," playing the r61e of Shylock, opening at the Knicker- 
bocker Theatre, New York, and taking the production on tour. 
The same season he presented "The Altar of Friendship," by 
Madeleine Lucette Ryley. In 1903 he played in "The Usurper," 
by I. C. Morris, for a season. In 1904 with Klaw and Erlanger 
he made a lavish production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" 
as the opening play for the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, 
his role being that of Bottom. In 1905-6 Mr. Goodwin appeared 
in W. W. Jacobs's "The Beauty and the Barge," Alfred Henry 
Lewis's "Wolfville," and "The Genius," formerly "The Genius 
and the Model," by W. C. and Cecil de Mille, which he first 
produced in Albany, N. Y., April 20, 1906, and played at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York, during the fall season. The season 
of 1907-8 Mr. Goodwin toured with his own company in reper- 
toire, appearing in "The Master Hand" in Boston, Mass., Decem- 
ber 26, 1907. Mr. Goodwin's first wife was Eliza Weathersby, a 
well-known comedy actress, who died in 1887. In February, 1898, 
Mr. Goodwin married Maxine Elliott, the well-known actress. 
His home is at Ocean Park, Southern California. 

GOTJLD, Howard: 

Actor, was born in Minneapolis, Minn., and was educated 
in Boston, Mass., where he became call boy at the Boston Mu- 
seum. His first appearance as an actor was in a small part in 
"Davy Crockett" with Frank Mayo on May 30, 1881. After sev- 
eral seasons in juvenile parts with the Boston Theatre Stock 
Company he joined James O'Neill and remained in his support 
more than five years. Then, after a season supporting Maggie 
Mitchell, Mr. Gould joined the old Lyceum company, New York, 
under Daniel Frohman, supporting E. H. Sothern. He after- 
ward played the leading roles in the Sothern plays on the road. 
In 1902 he was seen in "Notre Dame" at Daly's Theatre, New 
York, and in 1906 he played lachimo in "Cymbeline" with Viola 
Allen. His last engagement was with Walker Whiteside in "The 
Magic Melody." 

GRAHAM, Robert Emmet: 

Actor, was born in Baltimore December 17, 1858. He first 
entered the theatrical profession as call boy at the Holliday 
Street Theatre, Baltimore, at the age of thirteen, the manager of 
the theatre being his uncle. He was given four positions in the 
company call boy, utility man captain of supers and librarian 
for each of which he received six dollars a week. Thus, as 
a boy, his salary was twenty-four dollars a week. His father 
was dead and he was the only support of his family. Mr. Gra- 



206 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ham's first speaking part was that of a messenger in "The Old 
Man of the Mountain." He had to rush into a tent and shout: 
"My lord, there is a courier without!" He was so nervous that 
his speech was inaudible. The gallery boys shouted: "Louder!" 
The entire gallery took up the cry. Graham shouted the lines 
at the top of his boyish voice and burst into tears. Then u> 
the "gods" he said: "I hope that's loud enough!" and rushed 
off the stage. Two years later he was in Cincinnati as general 
-utility man. The comedian was missing one night, and he took 
the part of Pierot in "The Pearl of Savoy" and became prin- 
cipal comedian with Maggie Mitchell when he was seventeen. 
Mr. Graham made his first big success as Clorinda in "The 
Magic Slipper" at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, in 
1879. He starred with Minnie Palmer as Tony in "My Sweet- 
heart" from 1881 to 1883. In 1886 he opened in Philadelphia in 
"The Little Tycoon" and played General Knickerbocker in that 
opera about two thousand times. His next pronounced success 
was in "The Sea King" under the management of C. H. Yale. Mr. 
Graham originated the part of Cyrus Gilfain, the millionaire, 
in "Florodora" at the Casino Theatre, New York, in 1900 and 
played it a year and a half in New York and two years 0:1 
>tour. He then played in "Piff, Paff, Pouf." The fall season of 
1906 he played in "The Lady's Maid" at the Casino Theatre, 
New York. Mr. Graham created in this country the part of 
Popoff in "The Merry Widow," produced at the New Amster- 
dam Theatre, New York, October 21, 1907. He is a member of 
The Lambs. 

GREENE, Clay Meredith: 

Playwright, was born in San Francisco March 12, 1850, and 
was educated at Santa Clara College and the University of Cali- 
fornia. He was a stock broker and journalist when he began 
writing for the stage in 1883, since which time he has written 
many plays. He is a member of The Lambs, of which he was 
president twelve successive terms; the Green Room, the Larch- 
mont Yacht and the Manhasset Bay Yacht clubs. His home is 
at Bayside, Long Island, N. Y. 

GREENE, Miss Evie (Mrs. Richard Temple, Jr.) : 

Light opera prima donna, was born at Portsmouth, Eng- 
land, and made her debut as a dancer in comic opera at the 
age of fourteen. Discovering that she had vocal talent she 
became understudy to a prima donna, and a year later played 
leading parts on tour in musical comedies. When she was seven- 
teen years old she was a provincial star, sustaining the title 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 207 

roles in "The Gay Parisienne," "The New Barmaid," and "Billy." 
She made her appearance in London in the romantic opera 
"L'Amour Mouille" at the Garrick Theatre in 1898. Her next 
important role in London was Dolores in "Florodora" at the 
Lyric in 1899. Then she entered into a contract with George 
Edwardes and has been playing under his management ever 
since. She created the role of the Duchess of Dantzic at the 
Lyric in 1903, and at the end of the long run of the opera in 
London she played it through the provinces and in America. 
She was last seen in the prima donna part in Sardou and 
Felix's new opera, "Les Merveilleuses" at Daly's Theatre, Lon- 
don. 

GREET, Ben: 

Actor-manager, was born on a training ship in the Thames, 
of which his father, Captain William Greet of the Royal British 
Navy, was commander, and was educated at a naval school. His 
introduction to the stage was as a member of J. W. Gordon's 
stock company at Southampton, England. Then he played for 
three years with Sarah Thome at Margate. He was the original 
Dashitall in "My Sweetheart" with Minnie Palmer, and was 
with Mary Anderson at the Lyceum Theatre in London in 1885. 
He afterward played with Lawrence Barrett at the same thea- 
tre and then at the Haymarket with Beerbohm Tree in "Jim the 
Penman." Then he ventured into management, taking a tour- 
ing company into the provinces. He was successful and has 
had from ten to fifteen companies on the road in England and 
America during a season. Many of the leading London suc- 
cesses were produced by him in the provinces. He was one of 
the pioneers of pastoral plays, and for a score of years he has 
presented Shakespeare in the open air in England and of late 
in the United States. He produced "Everyman" in London and 
brought it to this country, where it proved a great success. He 
is the founder and proprietor of a dramatic training school in 
London. 

GREY, Miss Katherine: 

Was born in San Francisco, Cal., her parents being John T. 
and Katie R. Best, and her grandfather Captain Francis Read, 
a well-known pioneer of the days of '49. She made her first 
stage appearance with Augustin Daly's company. Her first lead- 
ing part, and the first which brought favorable notice to her, 
was that of Helen Berry in "Shore Acres" with James A. Herne. 
Since then she has played in "Shenandoah," "All the Comforts 
of Home," "Jane," "The New South," "New Blood," "The Jilt," 



208 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Our Bachelors," "Roger La Honte," "The Senator," "Napoleon," 
"Arms and the Man," "A Parisian Romance," "Dr. Jekyll and 
Mr. Hyde," "The King of Peru," "The Royal Box," "The Man 
with a Past," "His First Offence," "Niobe," "The Superfluous 
Husband," "His Little Dodge," "Rupert of Hentzau," "A South- 
ern Romance," "The First Born," "The First Violin," "Cyrano 
de Bergerac," "The Greatest Thing in the World," "Men and 
Women," "The Last Appeal," "The Ninety and Nine," "Petti- 
coats and Bayonets," "The Best of Friends," "The Other Girl," 
"The Gay Lord Quex," "When We Were Twenty-one," "The Girl 
I Left Behind Me," "Charley's Aunt," "Incog.," "The Man from 
Mexico," "My Friend from India," "Gloriana," "Captain Lettar- 
blair," "Secret Service," "Hearts Aflame," "Business Is Busi- 
ness," "The Firm of Cunningham," "The Governor of Kentucky," 
"A Scrap of Paper," "Wolfville," "You Never Can Tell," "Can- 
dida," "The Redskin," "The Love That Blinds," "The Christian," 
"A Lady of Quality," "The Only Way," "The White Heather," 
"Facing the Music," "Too Much Johnson," and "Mrs. Dane's 
Defence." She has been leading woman for Richard Mansfield, 
Charles Coghlan, James K. Hackett, Henry Dixey, William H. 
Crane, N. C. Goodwin and Arnold Daly. She toured in "The 
Reckoning" the season of 1907-8. 

GRISEL. Louis Eacine: 

Actor, was born near New Castle, Del., November 26, 1849, 
being the son of Susan Amanda Racine, a Parisian, and Louis 
Theophile Grisel, a Swiss. His mother acted character parts 
under the stage names of Marie Le Gros and Mrs. Ed. Clifford. 
His first appearance on the stage was at Deagle's Theatre, St. 
Louis, as Landry in "La Tour de Nesle" in 1873. The same year 
he appeared as Traddles in "Little Emily" with Stuart Robsoii 
at the Olympic Theatre, St. Louis. After several years of road 
management, in 1883 he joined Miss Fanny Davenport's com- 
pany, playing the part of Dr. Loreck in her initial production 
of "Fedora" at the old Lyceum (Fourteenth Street) Theatre, 
New York. He next became stage manager of the New Park 
Theatre, now the Herald Square, New York, for the Frohman 
Brothers' production of "The Stranglers of Paris," written by 
David Belasco, also playing the part of Captain Guerin. Later 
he played the role of Mons. Claude, Prefect of Police, in the 
same play. He was a member of Madame Ristori's company on 
her farewell tour in America in 1884-5. For several summers 
thereafter he was stage manager of J. H. McVicker's Theatre, 
Chicago, for the first production of what is now called "Shore 
Acres," then known as "Uncle Nat," with James A. Herne in the 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 209 

title role, and also for one of the earlier plays of Augustus 
Thomas, "New Blood." In 1889-90 he toured the United States 
as Uncle Joe in J. K. Emmett's play of that name, and was also 
in 1889 a member of Mrs. Langtry's company at the Fifth Ave- 
nue Theatre, New York. At the opening of the Castle Square 
Theatre, by Henry W. Savage in Boston, Mr. Grisel became 
stage manager. Thereafter he played the roles created by W. H. 
Thompson in "Love's Young Dream," and "A Family Circle," 
under the management of Charles Frohman. He has played re- 
cently in "The Girl from Kay's," "A Wife Without a Smile," 
and "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway." October 28, 1907, he 
appeared as Jonas Leech in "Artie" at the Garrick Theatre, New 
York. His wife is an actress, her stage name being Mary 
(Mamie) Johnstone. 

GRISMER, Joseph Rhode: 

Actor, playwright and manager, was born in Albany, N. Y., 
November 4, 1849. After graduating from the Albany Boys' 
Academy at the age of fifteen he enlisted in a New York regi- 
ment and went to the front to fight for the cause of the Union. 
He was in active service until the close of the Civil War, when 
he returned to Albany and went into commercial business. Join- 
ing the Histrionic Amateur Dramatic Club, he acquired a taste 
for theatrical life, and made his first professional appearance in 
Albany in 1870. Three years later he was leading man at the 
Grand Opera House, Cincinnati, a position he occupied for years, 
playing all the leading parts in support of such stars as E. L. 
Davenport, Charlotte Cushman, Laura Keene, Edwin Adams, 
Charles Fechter, Charles Mathews, Lawrence Barrett, John Mc- 
Cullough and Adelaide Nielson. He also played in hundreds of 
stock plays of the period. Mr. Grismer went to San Francisco 
in 1877 as leading man of the Grand Opera House, afterward oc- 
cupying the same position at the California Theatre and the 
Baldwin. During this time he made dramatizations of "Monte 
Cristo" and "Called Back" and, having married Phoebe Davies 
in 1883, he made up a repertoire with these and other plays, or- 
ganized a company and appeared as joint star with his wife 
until 1898. Meantime he and Clay M. Greene wrote "The New 
South," which ran three years. In 1898 he rewrote and pro- 
duced " 'Way Down East," a play of which William A. Brady 
and he are the joint owners, and which has had a phenomenal 
run, lasing over nine seasons. Since then Mr. Grismer has been 
connected with Mr. Brady who, as a boy, had been a member 
of his first company, in 1884, in this and many other plays, 
and they have produced successively "Fifi," "Aunt Hanna," 



210 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Betsy Ross," "A Stranger in a Strange Land," "Siberia," "Sky 
Farm," and "As Ye Sow." Their latest production is "The Man 
of the Hour." Besides his theatrical interests Mr. Grismer is a 
director in the Commercial Trust Company, treasurer of the 
Gulf Fisheries Company, president of the Actors' Order of 
Friendship, vice-president of the Actors' Fund and a member 
of The Lambs, The Players, American Dramatists', Green Room, 
Bohemian, Larchmont Yacht and Manhasset Yacht clubs, and a 
lieutenant in the Old Guard. Mr. Grismer's business address is 
New York Theatre Building, New York. 

GROSSMITH, George, Jr.: 

Actor, the eldest son of George Grossmith and nephew of 
Weedon Grossmith, was born in London and was educated at 
the University College School and in Paris. His first important en- 
gagement was in London in the production of "Morocco Bound" 
in 1893. The following year he appeared at the Gaiety in "The 
Shop Girl." He had prominent parts in "The Messenger Boy," 
"The Toreador" and other London productions, and in 1904-5 
he was a member of Edna May's company which played "The 
School Girl" in New York. In 1908 he supported Hattie Will- 
iams in "Fluffy Ruffles." He is part author of "Great Caesar," 
"The Gay Pretenders," "Gulliver's Travels," "The Love Birds," 
"The Spring Chicken," "Rogues and Vagabonds," and "Noah's 
Ark." He married Adelaide Astor, a sister of Letty Lind, of 
the Gaiety Theatre, London. 

GROSSMITH, Lawrence: 

Actor, was born in London, England, in 1877, being the son 
of George Grossmith, the actor and entertainer. He was edu- 
cated at St. Paul's College, the London University School and 
at Shrewsbury, and was employed as a mechanical engineer at 
the engineering works of Stothert & Pitt in Bath. He remained 
with that firm two and a half years and then made his first 
stage appearance in 1896, playing with Arthur Chudleigh at the 
Court Theatre, London, devoting the afternoons to the study of 
painting. Until 1901 he appeared solely in comedy, playing at 
the West End Theatre, London, under the managements of Ar- 
thur Bourchier, Charles Hawtrey and Beerbohm Tree. He 
came to America in 1901 with Mrs. Langtry, touring the United 
States for six months. He returned to London to play the title 
role in "Shock-headed Peter" at the Garrick Thea re, and was 
subsequently seen in "The Love Birds," a musical comedy by 
his brother, George Grossmith, Jr., produced at the Savoy Thea- 
tre in 1904. The season of 1905-6 he appeared in "The White 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 211 

Chrysanthemum" at the Criterion Theatre, and in "The Girl 
Behind the Counter." The season of 1906-7 Mr. Grossmith ap- 
peared in "About Town" with Lew Fields at the Herald Square 
Theatre, New York. Mr. Grossmith married Miss Coralie Blythe 
June 2, 1904. His favorite pastime is portrait painting. 

GROSSMITH, Weedon: 

Actor, a younger brother of George Grossmith, was born in 
London and was educated at Simpson's School, Hampstead. He 
attended also the West London School of Art. He is a success- 
ful portrait painter and has frequently exhibited paintings at 
the Royal Academy and Grosvenor Gallery. Adopting the stage 
as a profession, he joined the company of Rosina Yokes in 1888 
and came with it to the United States. On returning to Lon- 
don he made an unsuccessful appearance in "Woodstock's Little 
Game," and returned to the studio in disgust. Sir Henry Irving, 
however, offered the part of Jacques Strop in "Robert Macaire" 
to him, and he was so successful in this that Richard Mansfield, 
then just beginning his career as a star, offered to him a part 
in "Prince Karl" which was running at the Globe Theatre, Lon- 
don. At the Haymarket he distinguished himself as Percy Pal- 
freman in "Wealth." After that he had great success in "The 
Cabinet Minister," "The Volcano," and "A Pantomime Rehear- 
sal." In 1894-6 he was manager and lessee of the Vaudeville 
Theatre, London, where "The New Boy" ran for a year and a 
half, and he produced a play written by himself, called "The 
Night of the Party," in the Avenue Theatre in 1901, and then 
made a tour of the United States with it, playing a long season 
at the Princess Theatre, New York. In 1904 he appeared in 
"The Lady of Leeds," and in 1905 in "The Duffer," a play writ- 
ten by himself. In 1895 Mr. Grossmith married May Palfrey, of 
London. He is a member of the Beefsteak, Garrick, Savage 
and Art Students' clubs, London, and The Lambs and The Play- 
ers, New York. His home is at 1 Bedford square, London, W. C. 

GKUNBY, Sydney: 

Playwright, was born in Manchester, England, March 23, 
1848, being the son of the late Sydney Grundy, ex-Mayor of 
Manchester. After leaving Owens College he practised as a bar- 
rister in Manchester from 1869 to 1876. His first effort as a 
dramatic author was a comedietta, "A Little Change," written 
in 1872 and produced by Buckstone at the Haymarket in Lon- 
don, the Kendals playing the principal roles. His first important 



212 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

play was "Mammon," produced in 1887. This was followed by 
"The Snowball," "In Honor Bound," "The Vicar of Bray," "A 
Fool's Paradise," "The Head of Romulus," "Man Proposes," 
"Sympathetic Souls," "The Glass of Fashion," "The Queen's 
Favorite," "The Silver Shield," "Clito," "The Wife's Sacrifice," 
"The Bells of Haslemere," "The Arabian Nights," "The Pompa- 
dour," "The Dean's Daughter," "A White Lie," "Esther San- 
fraz," "Haddon Hall," "Sowing the Wind," "An Old Jew," "A 
Bunch of Violets," "A Village Priest," "The New Woman,' 
"Slaves of the Ring," "The Late Mr. Castello," "The Greatest 
of These," "A Marriage of Convenience," "The Silver Key," "The 
Musketeers," "The Degenerates," "The Black Tulip," "A Debt of 
Honor," "Frocks and Frills," and "Business Is Business," nearly 
all of which have been seen in this country. 

GUILBERT, Madame Yvette: 

Vaudeville singer, was born in Paris, her father being a 
wealthy merchant. She was educated in a convent until her 
father lost his fortune when, at the age of fifteen, she went to 
work to help support her family. She helped her mother iu 
an embroidery shop which the latter opened in Paris, but the 
two women were unlucky. Then Yvette became a dressmaker, 
but her health suffered and she sought a place in the Paris 
theatres. She was unsuccessful, and then tried reporting. She 
forsook the pen to try for the stage again. This time she went 
to a cafe concert hall and was successful. Her chansons soon 
became the talk of Paris, and have since been one of the marked 
features of the amusement world. She is now as well known to 
American vaudeville patrons as she is in Paris and London. 
The season of 1906-7 she made a tour of this country in con- 
junction with Albert Chevalier, the English comedian and singer 
of coster songs. 

HACKETT, James Keteltas: 

Actor and manager, was born on Wolfe Island, Ontario, Can- 
ada, September 6, 1869. His father, James Henry Hackett, was 
a famous American actor, and his mother, Clara C. Hackett, a 
popular actress. The elder Hackett died when James K. was 
only two years old. The boy inherited a desire for the stage, 
and when he was seven years old recited Shakespeare's "Seven 
Ages" in public. As a youth Mr. Hackett became well known as 
a clever amateur actor, and he was the leading spirit in the the- 
atricals at the College of the City of New York, from which he 
was graduated in 1891. For less than a year he studied law. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 213 

Then he became an actor, making his first professional appear- 
ance in the part of Francois in "The Broken Seal" with A. M. 
Palmer's stock company at the Park Theatre, Philadelphia, 
March 28, 1892. After a short season as leading man with Lotta 
Mr. Hackett joined Augustin Daly's company, but left it to star 
during the season of 1893-4 in "The Private Secretary," "The 
Arabian Nights," and "Mixed Pickles." He next became leading 
man in the Queen's Theatre (Montreal) Stock Company, where 
he played in "Heart and Hand," "Snowball," "American Money" 
and other comedies. On January 14, 1895, he played the Count 
de Neipperg in the production of "Madame Sans Gene" at the 
Broadway Theatre, New York. He also appeared the same year 
in support of Mrs. James Brown Potter and Kyrle Bellew. Mr. 
Hackett joined Daniel Frohman's Lyceum Theatre company in 
November, 1895, making his first appearance as Morris Lecalle 
in "The Home Secretary." On the resignation of Herbet Kelcey 
Mr. Hackett became leading man of the company, opening as 
such with the revival, on February 10, 1896, of "The Prisoner 
of Zenda." On November 23 of the same year Mr. Hackett 
played Bruce Leslie in "The Courtship of Leonie," in which 
Mary Mannering, an English actress, made her first appearance 
in America. She became Mr. Hackett's wife May 2, 1897. With 
the Lyceum company Mr. Hackett played Captain Trefuss in 
"The Late Mr. Castello," the Prince of Wales in "The First 
Gentleman of Europe," Lord Cervasse Carew in "The Mayflower,'' 
George Lamorant in "The Princess and the Butterfly," and Nigel 
Stanyon in "The Tree of Knowledge." He began a starring tour 
in the latter play, but abandoned it after his production of "Ru- 
pert of Hentzau" in Philadelphia November 21, 1898. His next 
production as a star was "The Pride of Jennico." The season 
of 1905-6 he produced "The Walls of Jericho," by Alfred Sutro, 
at the Savoy Theatre, he being the leading man and his wife 
the leading woman. It proved to be one of his most successful 
ventures. Mr. Hackett secured for the season of 1907-8 Alfred 
Sutro's latest play, "John Glayde's Honour," one of the big Lon- 
don successes. During the past few years Mr. Hackett has gone 
into management on a large scale, and to-day he is one of the 
most active producing actor-managers in America. In addition 
to the direction of his own tour, the Hackett Theatre, New 
York, is under his sole management. Mr. Hackett controls the 
American rights of the English musical comedy success, "The 
Girl Behind the Counter." He is a member of The Players, The 
Lambs, New York Athletic, Canadian Camp, and Alpha Delta 
Phi clubs. His office is at 1215 Broadway; his home 38 Bast 
Thirty-third street, New York. 



211 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

HAINES, Robert Terrel: 

Actor, was born at Muncie, Ind., February 3, 1870, and was 
educated at the public schools there and at the University of 
Missouri. He made his stage debut in 1891 with Robert Down- 
ing in the National Theatre, Washington, D. C., appearing as 
Lucius in "Virginius." In 1892-3-4 he was in Thomas W. Keene's 
company, and in 1894-5 with James O'Neill in "The Count of 
Monte Cristo." In 1895-6 he played leading heavy parts in sup- 
port of Walker Whiteside. In 1896-7 he played Alexis Nazimoff 
in "Darkest Russia," and De Neipperg in "Madame Sans Gene." 
In 1897-8 he appeared as John Nazavoe in "The Cherry Pickers." 
He turned his attention to stock company work from 1898 to 
1900, being the leading man of the Shubert Stock Company at 
Syracuse, N. Y., and of the Albaugh Stock Company at the Ly- 
ceum Theatre, Baltimore. The following season he supported, 
as Don Juan of Austria, Viola Allen in "In the Palace of the 
King." His next engagement was as leading man for Mrs. Min- 
nie Maddern Fiske, whom he supported for two seasons at the 
Manhattan Theatre, New York. In 1902 he created the part of 
Paul Charteris in Genevieve Haines's "Hearts Aflame" at the 
Garrick Theatre, New York. In the following season he created 
the part of Prince Kara in "The Darling of the Gods" at the 
Belasco Theatre, New York, sharing with Blanche Bates the 
honors of a run in the city and on the road, which lasted for 
four seasons. In 1904-5 he starred in "Once Upon a Time," by 
Genevieve Haines. In February, 1905, he was especially engaged 
to support Robert Mantell in his Shakespearian revivals in New 
York, playing such parts as lago, Richmond, De Mauprat and 
Laertes. In 1905-6 he again played Prince Kara in "The Darling 
of the Gods," this time as a star. On May 7, 1906, he created 
the title role in George Broadhurst's drama, "The Coward," at 
McVicker's Theatre, Chicago, and during the early part of the 
season of 1906-7 was leading man with Grace George in "Clothes." 
The seasons of 1906-7-8 Mr. Haines was seen in "The Rose of the 
Rancho" and in "The Heart of Maryland" on tour. He is a 
graduate of the University of Missouri, from which he received 
the degree of LL.B.; is a member of the Phi Delta Theta fra- 
ternity, The Lambs, The Players, the Green Room Club, the 
Siwanoy Country Club ( Westchester, N. Y.), and the Brooklyn 
Yacht Club. He married at New Orleans March 14, 1895, Gene- 
vieve Greville, playwright. His home is in Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

HALE, Miss Helen (Helen Perley Cogswell) : 

Actress, was born in Elyria, Ohio, being the daughter of 
Susan Blanchard and George Cogswell. She was educated at the 




HELEN HALE 



216 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Cleveland (Ohio) public schools and at Wellesley. Leaving col- 
lege at the end of her junior year she made her first appear- 
ance on the stage in August, 1902, at the Tremont Theatre, Bos- 
ton, in the chorus of Henry W. Savage's production of "The 
Prince of Pilsen," understudying the French maid. With only 
five months of acting to her credit, she created the role of Lily 
Ann Lynch in George Ade's comedy, "Peggy from Paris," at Wai- 
lack's Theatre, New York, playing it a season and a half. Fol- 
lowing this engagement she originated the part of Jenny Wrenn 
in Pixley and Luder's "Woodland" at the New York Theatre. 
Then she was seen in John Kendrick Bangs's "The Man from 
Now" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York. The season 
of 1907-8 Miss Hale played Blanche Bailey in the musical ver- 
sion of Richard H. Davis's "The Galloper," entitled "The Yankee 
Tourist," which opened at the Astor Theatre, New York, August 
12, 1907. She has, during her brief career as an actress, ap- 
peared only under the management of Henry W. Savage. Miss 
Hale's favorite recreations are reading and horseback riding. 
Her home is in Cleveland, Ohio. 

HALL, Owen (James Davis) : 

Playwright, was born in London in 1853. Died in 1906. For 
full biography see "Who's Who on the Stage," 1906 edition. 

HALL, Miss Pauline (Mrs. George B. McLellan) : 

Comedienne and light opera singer, was born in Seventh 
street, Cincinnati, in 1860, her maiden name being Pauline Fred- 
ericka Schmidgall. Her father kept a drug-store. When she was 
fifteen years old Miss Schmidgall made her first appearance on 
the stage, under the name of Pauline 'Hall, as a dancer in the 
ballet at Robinson's Opera House, Cincinnati, under the man- 
agement of Colonel R. E. J. Miles, and whfen, Jie sent "America's 
Racing Association and Hippodrome" omt.heinoad Miss Hall was 
the Mazeppa of the street parade and. drove a team in tljie 
chariot races. In 1880 Miss Hall joined, the Alice Gates Opera 
Company as a member of the chorus, occasionally playing small 
parts. Then for a few months she wa's with' Miss ?' Mary Anddr- 
son, playing such parts as Lady Capulet in "Romeo and Juliet," 
and the Widow Melnotte in "The Lady of Lyons." Next, join- 
ing Edward E. Rice's company, she played in "Horrors," and 
"Revels," and as Gabrielle and Hans Wagner in "Evangeline." 
In 1882 Miss Hall was with the J. H. Haverly company, sing- 
ing Elsa in "The Merry War." Again joining the Rice company. 
She created the part of Venus in "Orpheus and Eurydice" at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York, December 1, 1883. The extravaganza 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 217 

ran until March 15, 1884. The following May 6 she appeared 
as Hasson in a revival of "Bluebeard" at the same theatre, and 
three months later was at Niblo's Garden, New York, as Lore- 
soul in the spectacular extravaganza "The Seven Ravens." In 
February, 1885, she created the part of Ixion in the burlesque 
of the same name at the Comedy Theatre, New York. Then for 
a time she played a German part, Prince Orloffsky, in "Die 
Fledermaus" at the Thalia Theatre, New York. After a short 
season with Nat Goodwin, as Oberon in "Bottom's Dream," Miss 
Hall joined the New York Casino forces under Rudolph Aronson, 
making her first appearance there as Ninon de L'Enclos in 
"Nanon." Angelo in "Amorita" and Saffl in "The Gipsy Baron" 
were other roles. Miss Hall made her greatest success as the 
originator of the part of Erminie in the opera of that name, 
which she played throughout its record-breaking run of eight 
hundred performances at the Casino, New York, and also 
throughout the country. Other Casino successes in which Miss 
Hall took part were "Nadjy" and "The Drum Major." She be- 
came a star at the head of her own company in 1892, appearing^ 
as Vivian Earl of Barrenlands in the comic opera by C. M. S. 
McLellan and Edgar Stillman Kelley, "Puritania; or, The Earl 
and the Maid of Salem," in Boston. After a season in vaudeville 
Miss Hall joined the Francis Wilson company in the spring of 
1900, singing in a revival of "Erminie" and in the comic ope- 
ratic version of "Cyrano de Bergerac." Of recent years Miss 
Hall has been seen chiefly in singing specialties in vaudeville 
houses. Miss Hall was married to Edward White, a Western 
mining man, at St. Louis in February, 1881. She obtained a 
divorce from him in 1889, and in 1891 was married to George 
B. McLellan, a theatrical manager and brother to C. M. S. Mc- 
Lellan, the playwright. Her home is at Caryl, Yonkers, N. Y. 

HAIL, Thurston: 

Actor, was born in Boston in May, 1882. He appeared in 
many amateur performances, playing Charles Marlow in "She 
Stoops to Conquer," and Clement Hole in "Sweet Lavender," 
among other parts. His first appearance on the professional 
stage was in William Morris's production of "When We Were 
Twenty-one" in September, 1901. His first part of importance 
was that of Jasper Sterrett in "A Poor Relation" under the 
management of Fred S. Berger, played in the season of 1902-3. 
His chief success has been as Mr. Bob the part he created in 
"Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch" under the management of 
Liebler & Co. He has played in stock companies in Providence 
and Rochester during several summers, and last summer was. 



218 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

the leading man of the Players' Stock Company at the Bush 
Temple Theatre, Chicago. He is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, is fond of all outdoor and athletic sports, and has writ- 
ten some verse. His home is at Winchester, Mass. 

HAMILTON, Theodore: 

Actor, was born in Baltimore, Md., November 3, 1837, and 
was educated in his native city and in New York. He became a. 
reporter on a metropolitan paper for a short time, but the news- 
paper business failed to appeal to him, and he made his first 
stage appearance at the Old Bowery Theatre, playing the role of 
the Duke of Buckingham in "Richard III" with James M. Cooko. 
After an engagement with James M. Wallack, he joined Ford's 
company in Baltimore. In 1857 he was seen in stock in Rich- 
mond, Va. He later supported Edwin Forrest, left the stage tem- 
porarily to serve four years in the army, and the season of 
1869-70 was leading man at Booth's Theatre, appearing as Nathan 
in "Leah the Forsaken" with Kate Bateman. Subsequently he 
appeared with Lucille Western, E. L. Davenport and again with 
J. M. Wallack. He toured through Australia from 1878 until 
1883, and on his return to America was seen in numerous im- 
portant productions. In 1890 he appeared in "The Whirlwind" 
with Helen Dauvray, and two years later with Edwin Milton 
Royle in "Friends." In 1895 he supported Stuart Robson in 
"Mrs. Ponderbury's Past," and the year following played the 
title role in "Pudd'nhead Wilson." The season of 1900-1 Mr. 
Hamilton appeared in "The Pride of Jennico," and "Don Caesar's 
Return," with James K. Hackett. The season of 1904-5 he was 
featured in "The Missourians." 

HAMMERSTEIN, Oscar: 

Manager and builder of theatres, was born in Berlin, Ger- 
many, in 1847. He came to this country in 1863 and engaged 
in cigarmaking for a living. He invented many labor-saving 
devices in this industry, for which he secured patents. He was 
a passionate lover of the theatre and, in 1868, he wrote three 
one-act comedies, one of them with music, and they were suc- 
cessfully produced at one of the German theatres in New York. 
They were called "Selo Sechsig," "Antonio" and "Our Poor Re- 
lations." In 1870 he leased the Stadt Theatre, which afterward 
became the Windsor, and launched into theatrical management. 
He was not successful from a financial point of view, and for a 
time he relinquished his theatrical management ambition. In 
1880 he came to the conclusion that Harlem needed a theatre, 
and he set to work to build her one. At that time Harlem was 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 219 

not the populous section that it is now, and she really did not 
want a theatre. But the valiant Oscar decided that she did, 
and he built her the Harlem Opera House, one of the most beau- 
tiful and practical theatres of the world. The place ate up nearly 
three hundred thousand dollars of Mr. Hammerstein's money 
before he lost it. Then he decided that Harlem needed two thea- 
tres, and he built her the Columbus, opening it with Margaret 
Mather. It made money, but the money had to be sent to the 
opera house to maintain it. Next he came down to Manhattan 
and built the Manhattan Opera House, which afterward became 
Koster & Bial's Music Hall. Then he built the Olympia, now 
the New York, and undertook to run it as a first-class music 
hall. He paid the highest salaries, and for a time the Olympia 
was very prosperous, but the house was finally taken from him 
by the New York Life Insurance Company on a mortgage for 
nine hundred thousand dollars. Since the collapse of the Olym- 
pia enterprise Mr. Hammerstein has built four more theatres 
in New York the Victoria, which he now manages; the Belasco 
Theatre, the theatre opened by Lew Fields in West Forty-second 
street, and the Manhattan Opera House, in which the seasons 
of 1906-7-8 he has successfully produced Italian and French 
grand operas. 

HAMPDEN, Walter (W. H. Dougherty) : 

Actor, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., June 30, 1879, being 
the son of John Hampden Dougherty, a New York lawyer. He 
was educated at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and at Har- 
vard University. He joined F. R. Benson's provincial company 
and made his debut at Brighton, England, on September 2, 1901. 
He was with this company for three years, during that time 
playing at least sixty-five roles of various types. In 1904 he 
went under the management of Otho Stuart, appearing at the 
Adelphi Theatre, London, in such plays as "The Prayer of the 
Sword," a poetic drama, by J. B. Fagan; "Measure for Measure." 
"The Virgin Goddess" and numerous others. He was under- 
study for H. B. Irving, and during that actor's illness succeeded 
him for one week as Hamlet. He came to America in 1907 as 
Alia Nazimova's leading man, appearing at the Bijou Theatre 
the fall of 1907 in "The Master Builder" and in "The Doll's 
House." He was seen with Viola Allen in "Irene Wycherley" 
in 1908. 

HARDY, Sam B.: 

Actor, was born in New Haven, Conn., March 21, 1883, and 
was educated at Yale. He made his first appearance as Lord 



220 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Litterly in "The Amazons" at the Manhattan Theatre in 1902. 
He afterward played Lord Wilmot with J. K. Hackett in "The 
Fortunes of the King," Lord Chichester in "Sweet Kitty Bel- 
lairs" with Miss Crosman, Blepyeus in "Eternal Feminine" with 
Miss Anglin, Harry Dotty in George Ade's "Bad Samaritan," 
and Sherlock Holmes in the play of that name during a tour 
of the South. He made his first pronounced success as John 
Willing (the Gibson Man) in "The Education of Mr. Pipp" with 
Digby Bell. Mr. Hardy has also played a season with the Toledo 
Stock Company and in William Gillette's sketch, "The Red 
Owl," in vaudeville. The summer of 1907 he was leading man 
with the Poli Stock Company, Springfield, Mass. He is a mem- 
ber of The Lambs and The Players clubs, New York. 

HARE, Sir John (John Fairs) : 

Actor, was born at Giggleswick, Yorkshire, England, May 16, 
1844. He made his first stage appearance at the Prince of Wales' 
Theatre, Liverpool, in a small part in "A Business Woman." 
His next engagement was at the Prince of Wales' Theatre, Lon- 
don, as Lieut. Short in "Naval Engagements." He remained at 
the same playhouse ten years, creating many parts in the come- 
dies of the late T. W. Robertson, including that of Sam Gerrige- 
in "Caste." He became lessee of the Court Theatre, London, in 
1875 and managed it four years. In his company were Mr. and 
Mrs. Kendal, John Clayton, Ellen Terry and many notable per- 
formers. In partnership with the Kendals he assumed the man- 
agement of the St. James' Theatre in 1879, and during nine 
years there produced many great successes. In 1889 the Gar- 
rick Theatre was built for him, and there he made many mem- 
orable productions. He took the Globe in 1898 and produced 
"The Gay Lord Quex," with which he afterward toured this 
country. He has long been recognized as the greatest English 
actor of old men's parts. Sir John Hare was knigted by King 
Edward VII in 1907, in recognition of his services to dramatic 
art. He is vice-president of the Actors' Association of London 
and a member of the Beefsteak and Garrick clubs. His address 
is 75 Upper Berkeley street, Portman square, London, England. 

HARLAN, Otis: 

Comedian, was 'born and educated in Zanesville, Ohio, where, 
in 1887, while he was still a schoolboy, the late Charles H. Hoyt 
met him. That year Mr. Harlan became a member of Hoyt's 
company, making his first appearance on the stage as the Ro- 
mantic Young Man in "A Hole in the Ground." He next ap- 
peared with Frank Daniels in "Little Puck," after which he re- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 221 

turned to the Hoyt fold as one of the Razzle-Dazzle trio in "A 
Brass Monkey." His next part was Major Yell in "A Texas 
Steer," after which he left Hoyt for a time, and played Tippo 
Tip in George Thatcher's "Africa." He played with May Irwin 
in "Boys and Girls," and next appeared as Spinks in "Gloriana." 
After a short season with Thomas Q. Seabrooke in "The Isle of 
Champagne" he played the part of the Vizier in "Tabasco." He 
then made his greatest success as Hot Stuff in "A Black Sheep." 
Afterward he played the title part in "A Stranger in New York," 
and that of a New Jersey hayseed in "A Night and a Day." The 
seasons of 1905-6-7 Mr. Harlan played Theodore Banting in "The 
Vanderbilt Cup." He appeared with Anna Held in the second 
edition of "The Parisian Model," January 6, 1908, at the Bread- 
way Theatre, New York. 

HARNED, Miss Virginia (Mrs. E. H. Sothern) : 

Actress, was born in Boston in 1868, but when she was a baby 
her parents left that city and she was educated and spent her 
early years in England. Returning to this country, she made 
her first stage appearance with a traveling company playing 
"Our Boarding-house." Early in 1887 she appeared with George 
Clarke in "The Corsican Brothers" and "False Shame," and then 
for two years toured with a company playing "A Night Off," tak- 
ing the part of Liobe. After a short season with Harry Lacy in 
"The Still Alarm," Miss Harned made her first appearance in 
New York March 31, 1890, at the Fourteenth Street Theatre iu 
Sedley Brown's "A Lost Lane; or, On Green Meadows." After 
a season playing Florence Fetherley with Louis Aldrich in "The 
Editor," Miss Harned was engaged by Daniel Frohman as lead- 
ing woman for E. H. Sothern, and she made her first New York 
appearance at the Lyceum Theatre as Clara Dexter in "The Mais- 
ter of Woodbarrow." She also created the leading woman roles 
in "Lord Chumley," "The Dancing Girl," and "Captain Lettar- 
blair." Her Drusilla Ives in "The Dancing Girl" attracted most 
attention. In 1893 she joined A. M. Palmer's company, and with 
it played Mrs. Erlynne in "Lady Windermere's Fan," Letty 
Fletcher in "Saints and Sinners," and Mrs. Sylvester in "The 
New Woman." In 1895 Miss Harned created the part of Trilby 
in this country at its first production at the Park Theatre, Bos- 
ton, March 11, and afterward played the part throughout a long 
run at the Garden Theatre, New York. She was also the origi- 
nal Lady Ursula in the comedy "The Adventure of Lady Ursu- 
la,'' first produced at the Broad Street Theatre, Philadelphia, 
December 6, 1897. For several seasons Miss Harned has starred 
at the head of her own company. The season of 1906-7 she 



222 WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 

played "The Love Letter," and the season of 1907-8 "Anna Kare- 
nina." Miss Harned was married to Edward H. Sothern ia 
Philadelphia December 3, 1896. Her New York address is 37 
West Sixty-ninth street. 

HARRIGAN, Edward : 

Actor and playwright, was born in the old Seventh Ward of 
New York October 26, 1843, being the son of an Irish ship con- 
tractor. When a boy he made his first appearance on the- stage 
in the old Bowery Theatre, delivering an original stump speech 
at a performance of Campbell's Minstrels. From fifteen to sev- 
enteen he was an apprentice in a shipyard. Then he drifted to 
the variety stage, soon becoming one of the leading lights of 
that class of entertainment. His first team partner was Alexan- 
der O'Brien, and his second Sam Rickey, with whom he ap- 
peared in "The Little Fraud" at the Globe Theatre, New York, 
November 21, 1870. "The Mulcahey Twins" was also produced 
during this engagement, and struck the popular taste. The text 
of both sketches was written by Harrigan. After dissolving 
partnership with Rickey Mr. Harrigan joined with Tony Hart, 
and for years the Harrigan and Hart team was popular. At this 
time the upper West Side of New York was a wilderness of 
rocks and boulders, upon which thousands of poor families lived 
in squatters' shanties, paying no rent. Mr. Harrigan saw in this 
element the basis of a play, and wrote "Squa'ter Sovereignty." 
He produced it at the Theatre Comique, New York, in 1881, ami 
took the city by storm. It was followed by a series of similar 
plays. Mr. Harrigan obtained control of the Theatre Comique 
and became a manager himself. That theatre was destroyed by 
fire in 1884, and Harrigan and Hart went to the Park Theatre, 
now the Herald Square, where they produced "McAllister's Leg- 
acy," "Cordelia's Aspirations" and ether plays. On December 
29, 1890, Mr. Harrigan opened a new theatre in West Thirty- 
fifth street, now the Garrick, which was called Harrigan's Thea- 
tre. He remained there several years, and then retired from 
management and devoted his time to tours. Among the success- 
ful Harrigan plays may be mentioned "The Mulligan Guards," 
"The Mulligan Guards' Christmas," "The Mulligan Guards' Pic- 
nic," "Mulligan's Silver Wedding," "Old Lavender," "McSorley's 
Inflation," "The Leather Patch," "The O'Tehans," "Dan's Tribu- 
lations," and "Reilly and the 400." 

HARRIS, Charles K: 

Composer and song writer, was born in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
May 1, 1865, and was educated at the public schools in East 
Saginaw, Mich. At the age of twelve he began composing popu- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 223 

lar melodies for special occasions, frequently accompanying him- 
self on the banjo. He finally drifted into professional song writ- 
ing, receiving at times as much as from ten to twenty dollars 
for a composition. These he wrote to order for all manner and 
sorts of performers. His first marked success, however, was the 
famous waltz song, "After the Ball." For a long time the com- 
position was a white elephant on his hands, and in desperation 
he offered it to a Chicago publishing house for twenty-five dol- 
lars, but the firm failed to see its merit. In 1892 in a little 
Milwaukee office the firm of Charles K. Harris, music publish- 
ers, was launched, "After the Ball" being its initial publication. 
This was the song-hit during the Exposition year. Among Mr. 
Harris's most popular numbers are "Always in the Way," "Break 
the News to Mother," "Cast Aside," "Fallen by the Wayside," 
"I'm Wearing My Heart Away for You," "Kiss and Let's Make 
Up," " 'Mid the Green Fields of Virginia," "There'll Come a 
Time," "Will I Find My Mama There?" "While the Dance Goes 
On." Mr. Harris married Cora Lehrberg November 15, 1893. He 
is a member of the Otandard, Phoenix and Milwaukee Athletic 
clubs. His home is at 418 Central Park West, New York. 

HARRIS, Henry B. : 

Manager, was born in St. Louis, Mo., December 1, 1866, and 
was educated at the High School in Boston. He entered the em- 
ploy of his father, who was associated with the theatrical firm 
of Rich & Harris, and in 1901 became an independent manager, 
presenting Robert Edeson as a star in "Soldiers of Fortune." 
He became lessee and manager of the Hudson Theatre, New 
York, two years later. His various enterprises include "Strong- 
heart," at present in its fourth year; "The Chorus Lady," in 
which Rose Stahl starred; "The Lion and the Mouse," produced 
by four companies because of its success; "The Daughters of 
Men," which had a short run; "Classmates," with Robert Ede- 
son; "The Struggle Everlasting," with Florence Roberts, and 
"The Christian Pilgrim," with Henrietta Crosman and Tyrone 
Power. Mr. Harris's address is the Hudson Theatre, West Forty- 
fourth street, New York. 

HARRIS, Miss Sadie: 

Actress, was born in New York February 7, 1888, and was 
educated at the public schools in that city. She is a sister-in- 
law of Lew Fields, the comedian. Miss Harris made her first 
stage appearance as a maid in "The Chaperones," and at the 
close of her engagement returned to school, to complete her 
studies. The season of 1903-4 she appeared with Marie Cahill 



224 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in "Molly Moonshine," and subsequently with May Irwin as 
ingenue. The season of 1907-8 she was seen as Geraldine Wil- 
cox in George M. Cohan's "The Talk of New York," produced 
at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, December 3, 1907. 
Miss Harris's address is 75 West Eighty-ninth street, New York. 

HARRIS, Sam H. : 

Manager, was born on the lower part of Manhattan in New 
York in 1872. He commenced to earn his own living at the ago 
of eleven, and was employed in various mercantile pursuits up 
to the time he was seventeen years old, when he became man- 
ager of a large steam laundry. He then became interested in 
the pugHistic destinies of Terry McGovern, the featherweight 
fighter whose many victories won for both of them fame and 
money. It was while interested in the management of McGovern 
that Mr. Harris bought a half-interest in "The Gay Morning 
Glories," a burlesque organization in which McGovern was a 
star attraction. He afterward starred the pugilist in a melo- 
drama called "The Bowery After Dark." The success of that 
tour encouraged Mr. Harris to invest largely in melodramatic 
attractions of the better class, and the firm of Sullivan, Harris 
& Woods was the outcome. This firm produced many melo- 
dramas on a large scale, the most successful being "The Fatal 
Wedding." While on a pleasure trip Mr. Harris became ac- 
quainted with George M. Cohan. The two became firm friends 
and, shortly afterward, business associates. The firm of Cohan 
& Harris was formed, and these successful plays from the pen 
of Mr. Cohan have been presented: "Little Johnny Jones," 
"Forty-five Minutes from Broadway," "George Washington, Jr.,*' 
a new edition of "The Governor's Son," "Popularity," "Fifty 
Miles from Boston," "The Honeymooners," and "The Talk of 
New York." 

HARRISON, Miss Maud : 

Actress, began her stage career at the Madison Square Thea- 
tre, New York, under the late A. M. Palmer, acting, as a child, 
the boy Shakespeare Jarvis in "The Lights o' London." She 
was the first Mrs. Brown in Bronson Howard's "The Banker's 
Daughter." She was the Queen in "Elaine," Annie Russell be- 
ing the actress of the title role. She was concerned in such 
runs as those of "Saints and Sinners," "Aunt Jack," "One Touch 
of Nature," "Jim the Penman," and "Broken Hearts." She was 
the first actress in this country as Rosa Guerin in "A Parisian 
Romance," in which Richard Mansfield made his first notable 
hit. She was the Henriette of the famous Palmer revival of 




SAM H. HARRIS 



226 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"The Two Orphans." Miss Harrison played in Sydney Rosen- 
f eld's farce of "The Purple Lady" in 1899 at the Bijou Theatre, 
New York, and also in "Naughty Anthony," produced in 1900 
at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, by David Belasco. The 
season of 1906 she was in "Clothes," supporting Grace George. 

HART, Joseph (J. H. Boudrow) : 

Comedian, was born in Boston June 8, 1858, and began his 
professional career as a child in such plays as "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin" and "Ten Nights in a Barroom" at the Howard Ath6' 
nseum, then under the management of his uncle, Josh Hart. In 
the early '70s he joined I. W. Baird's Minstrels as end man, anil 
soon became one of the most popular of minstrels and banjo 
players, coining his own jokes and writing his own songs. He 
was one of the minstrel troupe of Simmons and Slocum, of 
Philadelphia, and one of Tony Pastor's best drawing cards. He 
left minstrelsy and variety to play as Koko in "The Mikado," 
and in "The Princess Ida." In 1888 he went into partnership 
with Frederick Hallen, and under the name of Hallen and Hart 
they toured the country with a company playing the musical 
comedy "Later On," written by Mr. Hart and H. Grattan Don- 
nelly. This ran for six successive years, and was followed by 
"The Idea," by Mr. Hart and Herbert Hall Winslow, which 
served them well for two years more. The partners separated 
then, and Mr. Hart starred the season of 1895-6 in "A Gay Old 
Boy," written by himself. In 1897-8 he was the star in C. T. 
Dazey's "A Tarrytown Widow." From 1901 to 1905 he starred in 
"Foxy Grandpa," written by him in collaboration with Melville 
Baker, with whom he also collaborated in the writing of "Girls 
Will Be Girls." Mr. Hart is the author and producer of many 
vaudeville sketches, in several of which his wife, Carrie De 
Mar, whom he married August 1, 1894, has achieved popularity. 
His home is at 16 Morningside avenue, New York. His business 
address is New York Theatre Building, New York. 

HASWELL, Miss Percy (Mrs. George Fawcett) : 

Actress, was born in Texas and educated in Washington, 
D. C. She made her first appearance on the stage as a member 
of Augustin Daly's company, playing small parts and being un>- 
derstudy to Ada Rehan. She made her first pronounced success 
as Molly Seamore in "The Geisha-." In ; 1895 Miss Haswell be- 
came leading woman for William H. Crane, in whose company 
she remained three years. In 1899 she became the star of a 
stock company, playing the entire season in Washington. She 
was the leading woman with Otis Skinner during the New York 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 227 

run of "Prince Otto," and in 1901-2 she starred at the head of 
her own stock company at Chase's Theatre, Baltimore, opening 
with "The Liars," and playing many Frohman productions, such 
as "Liberty Hall,'' "The Tyranny of Tears," "A Marriage of 
Convenience," etc. The season of 1903-6 she starred in "The 
Darling of the Gods," and October 20, 1906, she appeared as 
Ruth Guthrie in "The Measure of a Man" at Weber's Theatre, 
New York. The summer of 1907 she was in a stock company 
in Washington, D. C. Miss Haswell is the wife of George Faw- 
cett, the well-known actor and manager. 

HAWTREY, Charles: 

Actor, was born at Slough, near Windsor, England, Septem- 
ber 20, 1855, being the son of the Rev. John Hawtrey, an Eton 
master. He was educated at Rugby. He made his first appear- 
ance on the stage in London in "The Private Secretary," which 
had a long run. This was followed by "The Arabian Nights," 
"Tenterhooks," "Nerves," "Jane," and "Husband and Wife." 
He played at the Globe Theatre from 1892 to 1895, and produced 
"The White Elephant," and "Saucy Sally," at the Comedy in 
1895 and 1896, and "One Summer's Day" in 1897. This was fol- 
lowed by "The Cuckoo," and "Lord and Lady Algy," in 1898, 
and "A Message from Mars" at the Avenue Theatre, London, in 
1898-1900. With this play he came to the United States in 1904 
under the management of Charles Frohman, making a pro- 
nounced success. Returning to London in 1905, he repeated "A 
Message from Mars" at the Avenue Theatre, and then produced 
"Time Is Money" at the Criterion, subsequently going on a pro- 
vincial tour with Ethel Irving in the same piece and in "The 
Lucky Miss Dean." He created the part of Mr. Kingsbury in 
"The Indecision of Mr. Kingsbury" at the Haymarket. He- 
adapted "The Private Secretary" from the German of Von Mo- 
ser, and is the author of "Mr. Marton," a three-act comedy. Mr.. 
Hawtrey married Helen Neary Durand, daughter of the Rev.. 
Haviland Durand, of England, in 1902. His brother, William F. 
Hawtrey, is in vaudeville in this country. His home is at fi 
Basil Mansions, Sloane street, London, W. 

HAYDEN-CLARENDON, J.: ] 

Actor and playwright. See Clarendon, J. Hayden. ; $! 

HAZELTIN, George Cochrane, Jr.: 

Playwright, was born in Boscobel, Wis., and educated at 
Greylock Institute, South Williamstown, Mass., and Columbian 
University, Washington, D. C. For three seasons Mr. Hazeltin 



228 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

acted with the Booth, Barrett and Modjeska companies, then re- 
turned to the practice of law, at the same time writing the plays 
"Mistress Nell," "Captain Molry," and "The Raven." Mr. Hazel- 
tin married Miss Byrd C. Quin, of Virginia. His home is at 35 
Chestnut lane, New Rochelle, N. Y. 

HAWLEY, Miss Ida: 

Actress, was born in Belleville, Ontario, Canada, and was 
educated at Loretta Abbey, Toronto. She made her first ap- 
pearance on the stage in 1897 in "The Tempest," under the 
management of the late Augustin Daly, at Philadelphia. She 
remained with the Daly company three years, playing in reper- 
toire, and then was seen in "The Three Little Lambs." She 
next played Ruth in "The Burgomaster" in 1901, and then 
Edith in "The Prince of Pilsen" at the Broadway Theatre, New 
York. The following two seasons she was with Fritzi Scheff in 
"Babette," "Two Roses" and a repertoire of operas. She also 
understudied and played the star part with great success dur- 
ing Miss Scheff 's illness. She was then seen in "The Pearl 
and the Pumpkin," playing Polly, for one season. Engagements 
in "The Blue Moon," supporting J. E. Powers; as prima donna 
in "The Snow Man," and in "Captain Careless" followed. The 
season of 1907-8 Miss Hawley played Florence Seabright in "The 
Lady from Lane's," opening at the Lyric Theatre, New York, 
and afterward playing at the Casino and on tour. Her favorite 
recreations are driving and motoring. Her permanent address 
is the Hotel Flanders, Toronto, Canada. 

HAZELTINE, William: 

Actor, was born in New Bedford, Mass., in 1866 and was 
educated at the English High School, Boston, and at Harvard. 
He was in the fire insurance business before making his first 
appearance on the stage at Daly's Theatre, New York, in Novem- 
ber, 1895. He remained with the Daly company four years, be- 
ing a member of that organization when Augustin Daly died. 
His first marked success was in the part of Longman in "The 
Great Ruby." He played the Usurping Duke in the famous per- 
formance of "As You Like It" given by Miss Ada Rehan and 
the Daly company at Stratford-on-Avon August 26, 1897. The 
season of 1900-1 Mr. Hazeltine played Major Falconer in "The 
Choir Invisible." The following year he played Captain Hodg- 
man in "Arizona," and in 1902-3 Gene Lee in "Captain Molly," 
and Pembroke in "Among Those Present" with Mrs. Le Moyne. 
The two following seasons he was the Gretry in "The Pit" with 
Wilton Lackaye. In 1905-6 he played Benedict, Leicester and 




IDA HAWLEY 



230 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Macduff with Madame Modjeska. Last season he appeared as 
Sheritan in "The Double Life," Vulpe in "Cleo," and St. Claire 
in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." The season of 1907-8 he was seen as 
Arthur Pickering in "The House of a Thousand Candles," pro- 
duced at Daly's Theatre, New York, January 6, 1908. Mr. Hazel- 
tine married Miss Stella A. Hale, of Boston, in 1901. His favorite 
recreations are yachting and tennis. He is a member of The 
Players, New York; the Actors' Society, and the Masonic Chapter. 

HEATH, George: 

Actor and negro minstrel. See Mclntyre and Heath. 

HELD, Miss Anna (Mrs. Florence Ziegfeld, Jr.) : 

Actress and singer, was born in Paris, France, in 1873. Her 
mother was a Pole. Her father, a Frenchman, was a small 
glovemaker who lived in the Fourth Arondissement. Anna was 
the youngest of seven children, the other six all dying young. 
When Anna was nine years old her father failed in business 
and then opened a little restaurant which also proved a failure. 
Anna then went to work, cleaning and curling feathers after 
school hours. Then she went to a shop to make buttonholes, 
but soon left it to make fur caps. While she worked she at- 
tracted some attention by singing the songs she heard in the 
streets. Her father died in a hospital, and her mother having 
relatives in England went to London in search of them, but 
failed. She and little Anna lived in a small room next door to 
the Princess Theatre in Oxford street, where the girl obtained 
a place in the chorus. She could not speak English, but had 
learned French, German, Polish and Spanish, and little songs 
in those languages were written for her. Her mother died four 
years after reaching London, and at the age of twelve she was 
left alone in the world. Going with the company to Holland, 
Miss Held bought some songs on the street and tried them in 
a music hall. She was successful, and for two months remained 
in Amsterdam singing chansonettes in the music hall and liv- 
ing with the family of the director. She continued her success 
in Rotterdam, Christiania, The Hague and many German cities. 
At the age of sixteen she made her appearance in Paris. She 
sang at El Dorado and afterward at La Scala in "reviews," mak- 
ing a pronounced success as Le Colignon. Meanwhile she studied 
singing and went often to the hospitals to witness horrors, her 
ambition being to rival Bernhardt. Miss Held then obtained an 
engagement at the Palace Music Hall, London. Mr. Plumpton, 
the director, persuaded her to attempt a song in English, and 
the result was the song "Won't You Come and Play Wiz Me?" 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 231 

which scored an enormous success. Florence Ziegfeld, Jr., and 
Charles Evans, of Evans and Hoey, heard her one night and 
engaged her to come to America. She made her first appear- 
ance here in "The Parlor Match," singing the same song. A 
year later she married Mr. Ziegfeld, her manager, who has since 
starred her in "Papa's Wife," "The Little Duchess," "Mile. Na- 
poleon," and "The Parisian Model." She also played in "A Gay 
Deceiver," and "The Cat and the Cherub," and appeared in "La 
Ponpee" at Hammerstein's Olympia, New York. She was also 
wi h the Weber and Fields company for a season. The seasons 
of 1906-7-8 Miss Held opened in "A Parisian Model" at the Broad- 
way Theatre, New York, November 26, 1906, and continued to 
star in that musical comedy the seasons of 1906-7-8. 

HELENA, Miss Edith (Mrs. Edith Ellen Jennings) : 

Actress and singer, was born at 64 East Twelfth street, New 
York City, December 23, 1876, her father being William Fleming 
Seymour. She was educated at the public schools, and before 
going on the stage permanently was a trained nurse. She made 
her first appearance as a flower girl with Mapleson's Opera Com- 
pany at the Academy of Music, New York, when she was seven 
years old. Her professional debut was at the Brighton Beach 
Music Hall, New York, in July, 1902, where she did a singing 
act in vaudeville. She toured the States in vaudeville until 
November, 1903, when she sailed for Europe, opening at the 
Rembrandt Theatre, Amsterdam, December 1, 1903. For two 
years she sang with great success at the Apollo, Dusseldorf; 
Empire, London; Blumensale, Munich; Wintergarten, Berlin; 
Folies Marigno, Paris; Marseilles, Toulon, Nice, Barcelona, 
Rome, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Frankfort, Strassburg, Brussels 
and in this country. She played Violetta in "La Traviata" in 
Bucharest October, 1905; in Brussels May, 1906, and with the 
Royal Italian Grand Opera Company in the Academy of Music 
and the Grand Opera House, New York, June 1907. Miss Helena 
has a vocal register ranging from lower G to A in altisimo, 
three octaves and two notes. She was married to N. A. Jen- 
nings, a well-known New York journalist, December 26, 1893. 
Her favorite recreations are riding, rowing and swimming. Her 
permanent address is care of Myers & Keller, 31 West Thirty- 
first street, New York City. 

HENDERSON, David: 

Manager, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1853. At the 
age of twelve he found himself an orphan, and went to work 
on the Edinburgh Evening Courant. There he was grounded in 



232 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

all departments of newspaper work. He became an expert sten- 
ographer, and found himself, at the age of eighteen, in New 
York. At first he wrote "on space" in the daily newspapers, 
and acted as news editor on The Scottish American. He then 
conceived the idea of publishing cheap standard novels. With 
his brother Wemyss he started a printing office in Ann street 
and a publishing office in Nassau street. Within two months he 
had appointed agents in half a dozen States, and was selling 
wagon-loads. He accepted a commission from William Smyth, 
then of the Herald, to go to California, where he met Flood, 
Fair, O'Brien, Mackay, George R. Hearst (father of W. R. 
Hearst), James Keene, Ralston, John McCullough, Mark Twain 
and many who have since become famous. David Henderson, 
as foreign correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, was with 
General Grant on his trip around the world while in Europe. Re- 
turning to this country, he became dramatic critic of the Chicago 
Tribune. After this, with General John A. Logan and William 
D. Eaton, he founded the Chicago Herald. The Chicago Opera 
House was his next project. He planned the scheme and the 
stock $550,000 was subscribed in six weeks. Thus Chicago had 
the first fireproof, steel constructed, electric lighted theatre in 
the country. While the theatre was being built Mr. Henderson 
accepted an offer from Melville E. Stone, and became managing 
editor of the Chicago Daily News. The opera house was opened 
by the late Thomas W. Keene in "Hamlet." Then began a record 
which has rarely been excelled in any one theatre in this country 
by any one manager. The policy of the Chicago Opera House 
stamped that city as a producing centre. In June, 1887, was born 
"The Arabian Nights." It had a run of 392 performances. "The 
Crystal Slipper" followed and was given 855 times. Then came 
"Sinbad," with 783 performances. This was followed by "Blue- 
beard, Jr.," with 802 performances, and "Aladdin, Jr.," with 500. 
"Ali Baba" was given over 900 times, and as an attraction at the 
Chicago World's Fair cleared $246,000. Many players, including 
Henry Norman, Eddie Foy, John D. Gilbert, Gerald Coventry, 
James Sullivan, William Collier, Thomas Ryley, Otis Harlan, Lee 
Harrison, Ezra Kendall, Herbert Gresham, Ada Deaves, Carrie De 
Mar, Ida Mulle, Frankie Raymonde, Bonnie Maginn, May Yohe, 
Dave Warfield, May Irwin and the late Dan Daly were associated 
with, and many of them were graduated from, the Grand Opera 
House under Mr. Henderson's management. At the Chicago 
Opera House Reginald De Koven and Harry B. Smith's first 
opera, "The Begum," and later their greatest success, "Robin 
Hood," were first presented. The Metropolitan Opera Company 
sang on that stage for the first time in the West. Mr. Henderson 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 233 

staged for many years the productions of the McCaull Opera 
Company. Among the other theatres of which Mr. Henderson 
has been the lessee are the Broadway, in Denver; the Great 
Northern and Schiller (now the Garrick), in Chicago; the Audi- 
torium, Kansas City, and the Savoy, New York. He built tho 
Duquesne Theatre (now the Belasco) in Pittsburg. Mr. Hender- 
son married Frankie Raymonde in 1896, having a few years pre- 
viously divorced his first wife, who was known on the stage as 
Grace Henderson. 

HERBERT, Victor: 

Composer, was born in Dublin, Ireland, on February 1, 1859, 
the son of Edward and Fannie Lover Herbert, and the grandson 
of Samuel Lover, the novelist. He was sent to Germany to 
study music when only seven years old, and became an expert 
performer on the violoncello, playing that instrument in the 
Court Orchestra, Stuttgart, and with many famous European or- 
ganizations. He came to this country as solo 'cellist in the 
Metropolitan Orchestra in 1886, and afterward played first 'cello 
and was assistant conductor with Theodore Thomas and Anton 
Seidl. He became bandmaster of the Twenty-second Regiment 
Band, New York, in 1894, and in 1904 organized his own orches- 
tra, which has toured all over the country. Mr. Herbert's con- 
tributions to stage music are the scores of the operas "Prince 
Ananias," "The Serenade," and "The Viceroy," for the Bostoni- 
ans; "The Wizard of the Nile," "The Idol's Eye," and "The 
Ameer," for Frank Daniels; "Cyrano de Bergerac," for Francis 
Wilson; "The Fortune Teller," and "The Singing Girl," for Alice 
Nielsen; "Babette," and "Mile. Modiste," for Fritzi Scheff; "Dolly 
Dollars," for Lulu Glaser, and "Babes in Toyland," and "It Hap- 
pened in Nordland," and "Miss Camille," a vaudeville sketch 
played the season of 1907-8. Mr. Herbert married on August 14, 
1886, Therese Foerster, a well-known prima donna. Mr. Her- 
bert's home is at 321 West One Hundred and Eighth street, New 
York. 

HERMAN, Miss Selma: 

Actress, was born in Adrian, Mich., and was educated at a 
convent in Toledo, to which place her family moved when she 
was a child. She abandoned her early desire to be a nun in 
favor of a stage career, and got her first chance when Miss Emily 
Rigl, then playing in Toledo with Frank Mayo in "The Streets 
of New York," fell ill. The child Selma was given a trial, and 
did so well in the leading part that she was retained in it for 
several months during which Miss Rigl was ill. The young girl 
was then engaged to play Ilda Barosky in "Darkest Russia" un- 



234 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

der the management of Ellis and Brady, and continued to do so 
for nearly four years. A stock engagement in Cincinnati, dur- 
ing which she played leading parts in "Camille," "East Lynne," 
"'Cyrano de Bergerac," etc., followed; then, under the Tillotson 
management, she played in "Report for Duty," "The Young 
Wife," and "Under Two Flags." After a season in the Hopkins 
Stock in Chicago, Miss Herman played for a term under the 
management of Sullivan, Harris & Woods, then went on the 
Heuck & Fennessy circuit. Her next engagement was with the 
late W. J. Fiedy in "Wedded, but no Wife," after which she 
starred in "The Queen of the Convicts." For seven years past 
Miss Herman has managed her own summer stock company in 
Cincinnati. 

HERNE, Miss Chrystal: 

Actress, was born in Boston June 16, 1883, her father being 
the well-known actor, James A. Herne, whose chief success was 
"Shore Acres." Miss Herne made her stage debut in a small 
part in "Griffith Davenport" on January 16, 1899, the play being 
produced by her father's company. In the season of 1900-1 she 
played with her father in "Sag Harbor." Her next engagement 
was with E. H. Sothern. This was followed by her appearance 
as Dearest in a revival of "Little Lord Fauntleroy." In 1903 she 
appeared as Hippolyta in Nat Goodwin's production of "A Mid- 
summer Night's Dream," and in November of that year played 
her first engagement as a leading woman, supporting Arthur 
Byron in Clyde Fitch's "Major Andre." This play proving short- 
lived, she was engaged as leading woman by Nat Goodwin. In 
his company she appeared as Gwendolin Winston in "My Wife's 
Husbands," and as Margaret Ruthven in "A Gilded Fool." For 
the remainder of the season of 1904 she played the leading parts 
in Klaw & Erlanger's production of "Home Folks" and in "Rich- 
ter's Wife," written by her sister, Julie Herne. When Arnold 
Daly began his production of the series of Shaw plays he engaged 
Miss Herne as his leading woman, and her impersonations of 
Candida in "Candida," and Gloria in "You Never Can Tell," 
Nora Riley in "John Bull's Other Island," and the Lady in "The 
Man of Destiny" were prominent factors in giving those plays 
their popularity. She also appeared as Vivie Warren in the Shaw 
play, "Mrs. Warren's Profession." Leaving Mr. Daly's company, 
she went to London, appearing as the leading woman in support 
of H. B. Irving, son of Sir Henry Irving, in his production of 
"The Jury of Fate" at the Shaftesbury Theatre, the opening night 
being January 2, 1906. In March, 1906, she returned to New 
York and again joined Mr. Daly in a Shaw play, this time play- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 235 

ing Reina Petkopf in "Arms and the Man." , After playing a 
short time with Mr. Daly in Shaw repertoire, she joined the En 
dowed Theatre company playing at the New Theatre, Chicago. 
Chief among the parts she played there were Elza in Gerhardt 
Hauftmann's play of that name; Gerda in "Masquerade," both 
produced for the first time in English, and Margaret Fleming in 
her father's play of that name. In 1907 Miss Herne was seen in 
the leading role in the New York production of "Genesee of the 
Hills," a dramatization of "Told in the Hills." During the sum- 
mer of 1907 Miss Herne played with Edwin Arden's stock com- 
pany at Washington, and she was featured in "The Stepsister," 
produced at the Garrick Theatre, New York, October 14, 1907. 
In 1908 she appeared with Arnold Daly in the dramatization of 
Owen Kildare's "My Mamie Rose." Her home is at Herne Oaks, 
Southampton, L. I. 

HERNE, Miss Julie: 

Actress and playwright, was born in Boston October 31, 1881, 
being the eldest of the four children of the late James A. Herne. 
She made her debut in her father's company of "Shore Acres," 
alternating with Marion Cullen in the leading role of Ann Berry 
and the juvenile part of Perley. The next season she originated 
the part of Emma West in her father's play, "The Rev. Griffith 
Davenport," and the three following seasons she was Martha 
Reese in "Sag Harbor." She then entered into a long-term con- 
tract with Klaw & Erlanger, appearing for a time with Dan 
Daly in "John Henry," followed by a season as Esther in "Ben 
Hur," and the next year she was in their production of "Home 
Folks." In the spring of 1905 she produced at the Manhattan 
Theatre, at five special matinees, a play from her own pen, en- 
titled "Richter's Wife." She was next with Raymond Hitchcock 
in "Easy Dawson," after which came a short stock season in 
Brooklyn. The spring of 1906 she originated the role of Lael in 
"The Prince of India." 

HERZ, Ralph C.: 

Actor, was born in England, being the son of Dr. Cornelius 
Herz, who was associated with Ferdinand De Lesseps in the first 
Suez Canal scheme and in which he lost his fortune. Mr. Hera 
was graduated from Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, where 
he won some fame as an athlete. His first appearance on the 
stage was with Miss Maxine Elliott in "Her Own Way" during 
her London season with that play. He was afterward leading 
man with Mrs. Patrick Campbell for a season. He made his first 
appearance in this country with Miss Lulu Glaser in "Dolly Dol- 



236 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

lars" the season of 1906-7. In the spring of 1907 Mr. Herz mar- 
ried Miss Glaser. The season of 1907-8 he appeared with her in 
"Lola from Berlin." His home is at 179 West Seventy-second 
street, New York. 

HICKS, Edward Seymour: 

Actor-manager and playwright, was born in St. Heliers, Isle 
of Jersey, in the English Channel, January 30, 1871, being the 
son of Major Hicks of the Forty-second Highlanders. He was 
educated at Victoria College, Jersey, and Prior Park College, 
Bath, making his first stage appearance at the age of sixteen. 
In 1894 he was principal light comedian in George Edwardes's 
company at the Gaiety Theatre, London. He remained there 
three years and then appeared in "A Court Scandal" at the Gar- 
rick Theatre, London. He visited America shortly after, and 
upon his return to London was seen in "Quality Street," "Sweet 
and Twenty," and "Alice in Wonderland" at the Vaudeville Thea- 
tre. He subsequently produced his own musical comedies, "The 
Cherry Girl," and "Blue Bell in Fairyland," with Ellaline Ter- 
riss in the leading roles, and in 1904 "The Catch of the Season," 
written in collaboration with Cosmo Hamilton, which ran the 
seasons of 1904-5-6. He is the author of numerous other musical 
pieces, dramas and one-act sketches. Mr. Hicks married in 1892 
Miss Ellaline Terriss (Ellaline Lewin), an English actress and 
daughter of the late William Terriss, a well-known English actor. 
Mr. Hicks is the proprietor of the Hicks and New Aldwych thea- 
tres, London. He is a member of the Garrick and Green Room 
clubs, London. 

HILLIARD. Robert Cochran: 

Actor, was born in New York May 28, 1857. Soon afterward 
his family moved to Brooklyn, where they were socially promi- 
nent. Robert Hilliard first tried commercial life in a broker's 
office in Wall street, but, becoming interested in amateur theatri- 
cals and being elected president of the well-known Gilbert Dra- 
matic Society in Brooklyn, an organization in which he and 
Edith Kingdon, now Mrs. George Gould, played leading parts, he 
determined to adopt the stage as a profession. He leased the 
Criterion Theatre, Brooklyn, and made his first professional ap- 
pearance in "False Shame" there January 18, 1886. He also 
played in "Engaged" and in "Led Astray" at his own theatre. His 
next engagement was with Charles Frohman in "Saints and 
Sinners," and "The Golden Giant." After seasons with Mrs. 
Langtry and Nat Goodwin Mr. Hilliard starred in "Mr. Barnes 
of New York," and made one of his greatest successes in "Blue 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 237 

Jeans." Other conspicuous parts he played were Richard Gray 
in "Adrift," and the Earl of Woodstock in "Sporting Life." In 
1901 he was featured by Charles and Daniel Frohman in "Wheels 
Within Wheels." He also starred successive seasons with Paul 
Arthur in "The Nominee," and alone in "Lost 24 Hours," "The 
Mummy," and "The Sleepwalker." For years he played a one- 
act drama, called "The Littlest Girl," in the vaudeville houses, 
and in the fall of 1905 he created the part of Dick Johnson 
(Remerrez, the road agent) in David Belasco's "Girl of the 
Golden West." The season of 1906-7 he again went into vaude- 
ville with a one-act sketch, "Convict 983," and the season of 
1907-8 appeared in "The Man Who Won the Pool," also a playlet. 
In 1881 Mr. Hilliard married Cora Bell, a daughter of Franklin 
Bell, of Brooklyn, who obtained a divorce from him April 21, 
1894, and the custody of their only son, then twelve years old. 
In September, 1896, Mr. Hilliard married, in Jersey City, Mrs. 
Nellie B. Murphy, who had obtained a divorce from her husband, 
Edgar Gibbs Murphy, a well-known wing shot. Before her first 
marriage she was Nellie E. Whitehouse, of New York. Mr. Hil- 
liard's son is now an ensign in the United States Navy, having 
graduated No. 3 in his class at Annapolis three years ago. 

HITCHCOCK, Raymond: 

Comedian, was born in Auburn, N. Y., October 22, 1871. Be- 
ing successful as an amateur actor, he decided to adopt the stage 
as a profession. Obtaining an engagement in New York to play 
leading parts on the road, he and the management mutually dis- 
covered that he was unsuited to the part of Ingomar, and, find- 
ing himself stranded in Philadelphia, Mr. Hitchcock obtained 
work in Wanamaker's store, where he remained a year. He next 
was engaged by William T. Carleton and sang in the chorus of 
"The Brigand" for a salary of sixteen dollars a week. He got 
his first real opportunity in Montreal when Charles A. Bigelow 
fell ill, and he was called on to take the comedian's part at short 
notice. His next engagement was for the part of Sir Tobin To- 
pax in "The Golden Wedding," after which he became leading 
comedian in the Castle Square Opera Company, playing a variety 
of parts in standard light opera. He was the original Uncle 
Shank in "We 'Uns of Tennessee," and afterward appeared in 
George W. Lederer's productions of "A Dangerous Maid," and 
"Three Little Lambs." He supported May Irwin in "The Belle 
of Bridgeport," played a season with "The Burgomaster," and 
later appeared in "Vienna Life" and in the original cast of "Miss 
Bob White." Mr. Hitchcock became a star under the manage- 
ment of Henry W. Savage in "King Dodo," produced in Chicago 



238 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

early in 1902 and taken the same year to Daly's Theatre, New 
York. Mr. Hitchcock then starred in "Easy Dawson," "The Gal- 
loper," and "The Student King." The season of 1907-8 he starred 
in "The Yankee Tourist." Mr. Hitchcock married Miss Flora 
Zabelle, an actress. 

KITE, Miss Mabel (Mrs. Michael J. Donlin) : 

Actress, was born in Ashland, Ky., May 30, 1885, being the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Hite. She made her first ap- 
pearance on the stage when eleven years old as the Lord Chan- 
cellor in an amateur performance of "lolanthe." Her first pro- 
fessional engagement was with Dunn & Ry ley's company in "The 
Milk White Flag," in which she played the part of Pony Luce. 
She made her first marked success as Estelle in "The Telephone 
Girl," playing Miss Lipman's part. She also achieved success as 
Quirinssa in "The Girl and the Bandit." Since then she has ap- 
peared chiefly in vaudeville sketches with Walter Jones in all the 
principal theatres of the Keith-Proctor and Percy Williams cir- 
cuits and also at Hammerstein's. Miss Hite, unlike many other 
young soubrettes, is not afraid to distort her features, assume 
ungainly attitudes and wear unattractive but laughter-inspiring 
apparel. She has made a specialty of playing uncouth and un- 
gainly girls, and seeks to be funny rather than to look hand- 
some on the stage. In her sketch with Mr. Jones she plays the 
part of an actress who assumes to be half-witted, and by her 
clever acting wins the love of the man she loves. The season 
of 1906 Miss Hite and Mr. Jones played an extended tour. The 
following season she co-starred with John Slavin in "A Knight 
for a Day." Miss Hite is a baseball enthusiast, and early in 
1906 she became the wife of Michael J. Donlin, the well-known 
baseball player. 

HOBART, George V. : 

Playwright, was born at Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, January 
16, 1867, and was educated there. He was employed on the staffs 
of the New York Herald and New York American, during which 
time he wrote the sketches "John Henry" and "Dinkelspiel." Mr. 
Hobart is the librettist of "After Office Hours," "Hodge Podge 
and Company," "The New Yorkers," with Glen McDonough; "The 
Hall of Fame," with Sydney Rosenfeld; "The Wild Rose," with 
Harry B. Smith; "The Darling of the Gallery Gods," "Sally in 
Our Alley," "The Military Maid," "Peaches," "Mrs. Wilson, That's 
All," which was later changed to "Mrs. Wilson Andrews"; and, 
in 1907, the vaudeville musical sketch "Miss Camille,'' a bur- 
lesque on present-day comic opera. He is also the author of 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 23 

the vaudeville sketches "The Song Birds" and "The Wheel of 
Love," and the burlesque of "The Merry Widow," produced at 
Weber's Theatre, New York, January, 1908. Mr. Hobart's home 
is at 301 West One Hundred and Ninth street, New York. 

HOFFMAN, Miss Maud: 

Actress, was born in Kentucky, and made her first appear- 
ance on the stage in Boston, Mass., in "Romeo and Juliet" for 
one week only. For a season she played small parts in E. S. 
Willard's company, and then was seen with Wilson Barrett two 
seasons, playing in Shakespearian repertoire. She was then en- 
gaged by Augustin Daly for "The School for Scandal" with Ada 
Rehan, but later returned to Willard's company as leading lady 
for two years. She had the leading ingenue part in "The Great 
Ruby," produced at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, in 1898, 
and subsequently created the role of Berenice in "The Sign of 
the Cross" with Barrett. The season of 1902-3 she was the late 
Richard Mansfield's leading woman and then appeared as Salome 
in a revival of "Dandy Dick" at the Wyndham Theatre, London. 
While in London she toured the provinces with E. S. Willard the 
season of 1904-5. The fall of 1905 she played the title role in 
"Leah Kleschna" on tour under the management of Charles Froh- 
man, and the season of 1906-7 appeared as the Countess of Roque- 
laure in "Brigadier Gerard" in England. 

HOLLAND, Edmund Milton: 

Actor was born in New York September 7, 1848, being the 
second son of George Holland, a well-known comedian, and Cathe- 
rine (DeLuce) Holland, and the brother of Joseph and George 
Holland. He was educated at the public schools. He made his 
first appearance on the stage as a baby, being carried on by his 
father in the play "To Parents and Guardians." When he was 
fifteen he was made call boy at Mrs. John Wood's Olympic Thea- 
tre, and about the same time he played one of the children in "A 
Day After the Fair." For three years he worked at Mrs. Wood's 
theatre for a salary of six dollars a week and then was engaged 
for small parts at Barnum's Museum. He next appeared with 
Joseph Jefferson in the first production in New York of "Rip 
Van Winkle." In 1867 Mr. Holland joined Lester Wallack's com- 
pany. Up to that time his stage name had been E. Milton. For 
thirteen years he remained a member of the Wallack organiza- 
tion, his first part being in "A New Way to Pay Old Debts." His 
most pronounced success was as Silky in "The Road to Ruin." 
After leaving Wallack in 1880, Mr. Holland played a short en- 
gagement under A. M. Palmer as Rifflandini in "French Flats, ' r 



240 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

after which he went to London with Mr. and Mrs. McKee Rankin, 
playing the Judge in "The Danites." Returning to this country 
he played Major McTurtle in "Mother-in-Law," and the Deacon 
in "After the Ball" at Abbey's Star Theatre, New York. In 1882 
he played Pittacus Green in "Hazel Kirke." When Mr. Palmer 
assumed control of the Madison Square Theatre Mr. Holland be- 
came a member of his stock company, in which organization he 
remained until the end of the season of 1894-5. His best known 
characters there and those which he was the first to portray in 
this country included Captain Redwood in "Jim the Penman," 
Mr. Gardiner in "Captain Swift," Berkley Brue in "Aunt Jack," 
Gregory in "A Pair of Spectacles," Lot Burden in "Saints and 
Sinners," and Colonel Cater in "Colonel Carter of Cartersville." 
Mr. Holland, in conjunction with his brother Joseph, first ap- 
peared as a star at the Garrick Theatre, New York, September 
2, 1895, in "A Man With a Past." The seasons of 1895-6 and 
1896-7 the Holland brothers starred in "A Social Highwayman," 
and later E. M. Holland appeared as Eben Holden in the play of 
that name under the management of Charles Frohman. He 
played Pope Pius X in "The Eternal City" in 1902-3, and Cap- 
tain Bedford in "Raffles" with Kyrle Bellew from 1903 to 1906. 
The fall of 1906 he was seen in "The Measure of a Man," and 
in 1907 he entered. the vaudeville field, appearing in "The Phan- 
tom Highwayman" and later was seen as the Bishop in "The 
Duel" with Otis Skinner. The season of 1907-8 he starred in 
"The House of a Thousand Candles." Mr. Holland is a member 
of The Lambs and The Players. 

HOLLINS, Miss Mabel: 

Actress and singer, was born on Christmas Day, 1887, In Lon- 
don. Her mother was a noted operatic singer; her father Red- 
fern Hollins, the well-known English tenor, and her uncle Julian 
Edwards, the composer. In 1890 Miss Hollins was brought to 
this country by her family, and three years later her sister 
Maude, then playing with Richard Mansfield in "The Scarlet Let- 
ter," took her on tour with that company. Mr. Mansfield, after a 
talk with Miss Mabel, insisted that she play the part of Pearl, a 
juvenile, in his support. At the end of the tour the youthful 
actress returned home and began the study of music. Although 
it was never intended that she should go on the stage, Miss Hol- 
lins took part in several amateur performances at the Park Hill 
Country Club in Yonhers, and played Peep-Bo in "The Mikado." 
A year or two later, during a summer season of comic opera at 
the Grand Opera House, New York, William Stewart, having seen 
Miss Hollins's work as an amateur, selected her for the part of 






ir 



* ,, 
> ^ *m -^ 



MABEL HOLLINS 



242 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Molly Seymour in "The Geisha," which she played with marked 
success. All doubt as to her future vanished, and F. C. Whitney 
secured her for Nora Melon in "Piff, Paff, Pouf," which ran al- 
most a year at the Casino Theatre, New York, and later played 
the larger cities. Following this, Miss Hollins created the part 
of Daisy in "His Honor the Mayor," which opened at the Chicago 
Opera House. After a long engagement there the company toured 
the Middle West and later settled at the New York Theatre foi- 
a long summer run. During this engagement of "His Honor the 
Mayor" Charles Frohman engaged Miss Hollins to play Lady 
Dorothy in "The Little Cherub" at the Criterion Theatre, New- 
York, and she left the part of Daisy at the height of its popular- 
ity, only to achieve a greater success in her new role which she 
played throughout the seasons of 1906-7-8. Miss Hollins is a tal- 
ented pianiste and has composed several songs, some of which 
have already been published. Her home is in Yonkers, N. Y. 

HOPPER, Miss Edna Wallace: 

Comedienne and light opera singer, was born in San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., her father being Walter Wallace, a baseball scorer and 
theatre usher of that city. After his death her mother was mar- 
ried to Alexander Dunsmuir, a Canadian, who lived in San Fran- 
cisco. He died in New York in January, 1900, forty days after 
his marriage to Mrs. Wallace, leaving a fortune valued at be- 
tween eight and ten million dollars to his brother, James Duns- 
muir, ex-Premier of British Columbia. His widow compromised 
her claim on the estate for an annuity of $25,000, which ceased 
at her death. After her death Edna Wallace brought suit in the 
Canadian courts, where the will was probated, for one-third of 
the estate, to which her mother was entitled under the laws of 
California. The Canadian courts upheld the will, and the case 
was taken by Miss Hopper to the Privy Council, the British 
court of last resort, in London. Edna Wallace was educated at 
Vanness Seminary, San Francisco. The late Roland Reed was 
responsible for her desire to become an actress. He met her 
when she was about seventeen years old, and jokingly offered her 
a place in his company which was then playing in San Francisco. 
Although her parents did not approve of it, she accepted the 
offer and August 17, 1891, made her first stage appearance with 
Mr. Reed's company at the Boston Museum as Mabel Douglass 
in "The Club Friend." Two weeks later she made her first New 
York appearance, playing the same part at the Star Theatre 
where, six weeks later, she played the ingenue role in "Lend Me 
Your Wife." Her work attracting the approval of Charles Froh- 
man, he engaged her for his forces, and with them she appeared 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 243 

as Lucy Morton in "Jane," Mrs. Patterby in "Chums," Margery 
in "Men and Women," and Wilbur's Ann in "The Girl I Left 
Behind Me." In the last-named her playing received most fa- 
vorable comment. She was married to De Wolf Hopper June 28, 
1895, while she was playing Wilbur's Ann, becoming Mr. Hop- 
per's third wife. A few weeks afterward, Delia Fox becoming 
ill, Miss Hopper jumped into her part as Paquita in "Panjan- 
drum," and made of her first essay in the comic opera field a 
remarkable success. Thereafter she played with her husband 
as Merope Mallow in "Dr. Syntax," Mataya in "Wang," and cre- 
ated in April, 1896, the part of Estrelda in "El Capitan," by 
John Philip Sousa. The Hoppers had domestic difficulties, sepa- 
rated in J.898, and were divorced, Mr. Hopper marrying Miss Ber- 
gen. Thereafter Edna Wallace Hopper appeared in "Yankee 
Doodle Dandy," an extravaganza; with Lillian Russell in a re- 
vival of "La Belle Helene," and in 1899-1900 with Jerome Sykes 
in the extravaganza "Chris and the Wonderful Lamp," acting 
the role of Chris. The season of 1905-6 she played in vaudeville. 
The season of 1906-7 she was a member of Lew Fields's company 
in "About Town." In 1908 she starred in George M. Cohan's 
"Fifty Miles from Boston." Her address is 863 Seventh avenue, 
New York. 

HOPPER, William De Wolf: 

Comedian, was born in New York March 30, 1858; is de- 
scended from the well-known colonial De Wolf family on his 
mother's side and allied by marriage to the Belmonts, Tiffanys, 
Perrys, Lawrences and Aspinwalls. The old De Wolf homestead 
at Bristol, R. I., in which State the family was famous and 
wealthy in the days of the Revolution, was only recently sold. 
His mother, Miss Rosalie De Wolf, traced her genealogy back 
to the eleventh century, the founder of the family being known 
as Olf the Sharp Eyed. De Wolf Hopper's father, John Hopper, 
came from Quaker stock. He was a lawyer, and it was intended 
that his son should follow the same profession. De Wolf Hopper 
studied law, however, for only six months. He acted in an ama- 
teur performance of "Conscience" at the Fourteenth Street Thea- 
tre, New York, and immediately decided to become a professional 
actor. With $50,000 which he received at his father's death he 
organized his own company, calling it the Criterion Comedy Com- 
pany, and with it he made his professional debut as Talbot 
Champneys in "Our Boys." The company also played "Caste." 
The company was a failure, but Mr. Hopper had some money 
and unbounded confidence still left, and his next venture was to 



244 WHO'S WHO OA* THE STAGE 

manage and finance a tour through the South and West of "One 
Hundred Wives." The stranding of his company ended his 
managerial career. He then became a humble actor, and was en- 
gaged by Edward Harrigan for a part in "The Blackbird." After 
this he studied singing for a time, with the intention of taking 
up grand opera, but abandoned the plan to accept an engagement 
with Daniel Frohman in the Madison Square Theatre Company 
in 1884. He appeared at that theatre as Pittacus Greene in 
"Hazel Kirke," and Owen Hathaway in "May Blossom." Then 
he again looked longingly at the grand opera stage and resumed 
vocal study. Comic opera, instead of grand, he soon learned, 
was to be his forte. In the fall of 1885 he joined the McCaull 
Opera Company forces, and, being called on at the last moment 
to play Pomeret in "Desiret" at the Broad Street Opera House, 
Philadelphia, acted the part so well that he was at once made 
chief comedian of the company, with which he played in "The 
Black Hussar," "The Beggar Student," "Die Fledermaus, " "The 
Lady or the Tiger," "Don Caesar," "Loraine," "Bellman," "Jo- 
sephine Sold by Her Sister," "Falka," "Folback," "Boccaccio," 
"The Crowing Hen," "Clover," "Fatinitza," "The Begum," and 
"Captain Fracasse." Mr. Hopper first became a star in 1890 un- 
der the management of Locke & Davis in the opera "Castles in 
the Air." The following season he brought out "Wang," by 
J. Cheever Goodwin and the late Woolson Morse, and it proved 
his first great success. It ran for two seasons. "Panjandrum" 
followed, running for a season. He produced "Dr. Syntax" in 
October, 1895, and followed this with "El Capitan," by John 
Philip Sousa, in which he opened in Boston April 13, 1896. In 
1898 he took "El Capitan" to London, where it met with aston- 
ishing success, and he also did very well there with "The Char- 
latan," under the title of "The Mystical Miss." He later ap- 
peared as a member of the all-star stock company at the Weber 
& Fields Music Hall, New York, and left that organization to 
head his own company in "Mr. Pickwick." After a revival of 
"Wang" in 1904 he appeared, the seasons of 1905-6-7, under the 
management of the Shuberts in De Koven's "Happyland," which 
ran the entire season. Mr. Hopper has also played Falstaff in 
"The Merry Wives of Windsor," and David in an all-star pro- 
duction of "The Rivals." Mr. Hopper has married four times. 
His first wife was Ella Gardiner, his second cousin on his 
mother's side. They were divorced, and he married Ida Mosher, 
of Boston, a member of the McCaull chorus. They had one child, 
a boy. They were divorced in 1886. He married Edna Wallace 
on January 28, 1893. They were divorced in 1898, and the fol- 
lowing year Mr. Hopper married Nella Reardon Bergen, who had 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 245 

shared his success in "El Capitan." Mr. Hopper is a member of 
The Lambs. 

HOWARD, Bronson: 

Playwright, was born in Detroit on October 7, 1842. His 
father was a ship owner and the Mayor of Detroit in 1849. He 
was educated at Russle's Institute, New Haven, Conn. He began 
life as a newspaper man and worked on the Evening Mail, the 
Tribune and the Evening Post, New York, in 1862. Four years 
later he retired from journalism to devote himself to dramatic 
authorship. During a long career as a dramatist he has written 
scores of comedies and dramas, the most successful of which 
have been "Saratoga," produced in 1870; "Diamonds," 1872; 
"Moorcroft," 1874; "The Banker's Daughter," 1878; "Old Love 
Letters," 1878; "Hurricanes," 1878; "Wives," 1879; "Young Mrs. 
Winthrop," 1882; "One of Our Girls," 1885; "Met by Chance," 
1887; "The Henrietta," 1887; "Shenandoah," 1889; "Aristocracy," 
1892, and "Peter Stuyvesant" (in collaboration with Brander Mat- 
thews), 1899. Mr. Howard is president of the American Dram- 
atists and a member of the Authors' and Lotos clubs and The 
Players, New York; the Savage and Green Room clubs, London, 
and the Prismatics, Detroit. Mr. Howard married Miss Alice 
Wyndham, a sister of Sir Charles Wyndham, in London October 
28, 1880. 

HOWARD, Florence: 

Actress, was born in St. Louis, Mo., September 16, 1879, her 
father at one time having been proprietor of one of the leading 
playhouses in her native city. She began her career with a 
"thinking part" in "The White Heather" at the Academy, St. 
Louis, and later was one of the dancing girls in "The Conquer- 
ors." She then became understudy to May Buckley in "Hearts 
Are Trump," and under similar circumstances was John Drew's 
leading lady in "The Second in Command" for a week, owing to 
Margaret Dale's illness. Miss Howard was seen last season in 
"Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots." 

HOWARD, Harold (David Harold Howard) : 

Actor, was born in Rutland, Vt., August 22, 1875, and was 
educated at St. John's College and A. A. D. A. He made his 
first appearance as Martin in "Aristocracy" at Palmer's, now 
Wallack's Theatre, New York, under the management of Charles 
Frohman in 1892. He then played Sir Richard Cursitor in "Sow- 
ing the Wind" at the Columbia Theatre, Boston; Jimmie Stokes 
in "The Masqueraders" at the Grand Opera House, New York; 



246 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Bloc in "Zaza," and a small part in "Du Barry" under the man- 
agement of David Belasco. He played Picard in Klaw and Er- 
langer's all-star revival of "The Two Orphans" on tour, and was 
the First Retainer in "The Blot on the 'Scutcheon" with Mrs. 
Le Moyne at the Hudson Theatre, New York. After trying ranch 
life in Texas for six months, he heeded the call of the "great 
white way" and became a member of the Belasco company at 
the Belasco Theatre, New York, making conspicuous successes 
with Mrs. Leslie Carter as the Due de Bressac in "Zaza," 
Holy Negar in "Adrea," and Due de Richelieu in "Du Barry." 
The seasons of 1905-6-7 Mr. Howard played Mr. Ditson in "The 
Music Master" with David Warfield. His favorite recreations are 
sailing, swimming and tennis. He is a member of The Players, 
New York, and his summer home is at the Surf Hotel, Fire 
Island, N. Y. 

HOWARD, Miss Mabel: 

Actress, was born in Indianapolis, Ind., September 3, 1884, 
and was educated at St. Bartholomew's School in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, to which city she moved later. She became prominent in 
amateur dramatics there and finally, desirous of becoming a pro- 
fessional, took a course at the American Academy of Dramatic 
Arts. Her first stage appearance was made in "Cyrano de Ber- 
gerac" with the late Richard Mansfield in 1898. Shortly after- 
ward she appeared in David Belasco's production of "Zaza" with 
Leslie Carter, creating the part of Madame Dufrene. The sea- 
son of 1898-9 she toured the West in the title role of that play, 
and the following season was seen in the leading part in "The 
Heart of Maryland." She supported William Gillette in "Sher- 
lock Holmes," and then was seen with Ada Rehan and Otis Skin- 
ner in repertoire. Since her appearance with Ezra Kendall in 
"Weather-beaten Benson" Miss Hov/ard has not been seen on the 
stage, owing to illness. 

HOWE, Willard: 

Actor, was born in Pittston, Pa., December 25, 1898, and was 
educated at Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pa., and Yale Univer- 
sity. When at college he developed a taste for things theatrical 
and was president of the Yale Dramatic Association. For three 
years after his graduation he appeared as a monologist on lyceum 
platforms throughout the country. His first professional appear- 
ance as an actor was as Thomas in "She Stoops to Conquer" 
April 17, 1905, at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, un- 
der the management of Liebler & Co. The following season he 
played light comedy roles for forty weeks at the Castle Square 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 247 

Theatre, Boston. The season of 1906-7 he played the part of 
Frank Braydon in "Brewster's Millions" at the New Amsterdam 
and Hudson theatres, New York, and Colonial Theatre, Chicago. 
Mr. Howe's permanent address is Yale Club, 30 West Forty-fourth 
street, New York City. 

HOYT, Edward N. : 

Actor, was born near Auburn, N. Y., in 1859, and was edu- 
cated in Brooklyn, N. Y. He worked as an office boy before 
making his first appearance on the stage in Brooklyn in 1877 
as Harvey Green in "Ten Nights in a Barroom" with Frank 
Ray. He was leading man with the late Joseph Proctor, and in 
1884 was in stock company at the Halstead Street Opera House, 
Chicago. The following season he joined the McVickar Stock 
Company, in which were Robert Mantell, Louis James, Herbert 
Kelsey, Ida Vernon, Helen Bancroft and Viola Allen. He then, 
played two seasons with Frederick James and four seasons with 
Louis Warde. In 1891-2 Mr. Hoyt played Dan Shapleigh in Wai- 
lack's production of "The Bandit King." He then joined Charles 
B. Hanford in "Julius Caesar." He afterward supported Frank 
Mayo the elder, Walker Whiteside, Robert Downing, Margaret 
Mather and Madame Modjeska. He made his first marked suc- 
cess as lago in "Othello" in 1894, and later scored as Marcus 
Vinicius in "Quo Vadis" in 1899; Mercutio in "Romeo an-l 
Juliet," 1902, and Jacques in "As You Like It," 1903. The fol- 
lowing three seasons he starred in "Hamlet." He last appeared 
with Madame Modjeska as King Duncan in "Macbeth." Mr, 
Hoyt, who is a cousin of John L. Stoddard, the author and lec- 
turer, married Miss Fannie H. Malcolm April 22, 1891. He is a 
member of the Actors' Society, and his home is at 119 Main 
street, Palmyra, N. Y. 

HUGHES, Miss Annie (Mrs. Edmund F. Lenon) : 

Actress, was born in Southampton, England, in 1869. She 
was the daughter of Henry Hughes-Gass, of Harrogate, York- 
shire, and was educated in North London and at Queen's Col- 
lege, Harley street, London. Miss Hughes was only fifteen years 
old when she made her first appearance on the stage in "The 
Private Secretary" under the management of Charles Hawtrey 
at the Globe Theatre, London. After a short season with Thomas 
Thorne at the Vaudeville she was engaged by Sir Charles Wynd- 
ham, creating the part of Caroline Roffin in "A Man With Three 
Wives," and playing Jennie Gammon in "Wild Oats," and one of 
the Two Roses in a revival of Alberry's comedy. Joining the 
Adelphi company she played in "The Bells of Hazlemere," and 



248 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

then went to the Court Theatre and created the part of Wini- 
fred in "Mamma," and also played with Mrs. Kendal in "The 
Weaker Sex." In 1887 she was the original Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy, playing the part at the trial matinee. After a season 
with E. S. Willard, playing Nancy in "The Middleman," Miss 
Hughes was married in 1890 to Nicholas Devereux, a wealthy 
young Irishman, and announced her intention of retiring from 
the stage. The same year, however, she played in "April Show- 
ers" and in "Sweet Nancy." She also played Angela in "A 
Country Mouse" in 1901, in "A Girl from School" in 1903, and 
in "Public Opinion" in 1905. In 1904 Miss Hughes created the 
part of Eliza Dibbs in R. C. Carton's comedy, "Mr. Hopkinson," 
at the Avenue Theatre, London. When the comedy was pro- 
duced in New York, early in 1906, Miss Hughes made her first 
appearance in America in her original part. Miss Hughes is 
now the wife of Edmund Fitzmaurice Lenon, an English actor, 
known on the stage as Edmund Maurice. Their home is at 4 
Portman Mansions, Gloucester place, London, W. 

HUGHES, Kupert: 

Playwright, was born in Lancaster, Mo., and was graduated 
from Adelpert College, Iowa. His first production was "The 
Bathing Girl" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, in 1895, 
which ran for one consecutive performance. In 1902 his play, 
"The Wooden Wedding," was produced in London, and the same 
year his "Tommy Rot" was produced at Mrs. Osborne's play- 
house in New York. His other plays are "In the Midst of Life," 
"Alexander the Great," produced by Louis James and Frederick 
Warde, 1903; "The Triangle," produced at the Manhattan Thea- 
tre, New York, 1906, and "The Richest Girl in the World," pro- 
duced by Miss Grace George, 1906. 

HUNT, Phil: 

Manager, was born in Philadelphia in 1868. He began his 
theatrical career in 1880 with H. B. Mahn's Juvenile Opera Com- 
pany. Engagements followed with various traveling and stock 
companies. In 1886 he became treasurer and business manager 
with Bennett and Moulton's companies, followed by engagements 
in a managerial capacity with Madame and Augustin Neuville, 
N. S. Wood, Joseph Callahan, Harry Lacy and for three seasons 
with H. C. Miner's and W. A. Brady's companies. In 1894 he 
directed the tour of Weber & Fields's "The Trolley Party," and 
in 1895 managed the tour of the Washburn Sisters in "Fortuna." 
Three seasons' association with Arthur C. Aiston followed, and 
in 1900 he managed the tour of Ben Hendricks in Jacob Litt's 



WHO'S^WHO ON THE STAGE 249 

production of "A Yenuine Yentleman." In 1902 he bought from 
Mortimer Murdoch, the English playwright, "Down by the Sea" 
for the sum of $300 and it cleared a profit of $18,500 for Mr. 
Hunt in the following three seasons. In August, 1905, at the 
American Theatre, New York, he produced "Hearts of Gold," 
and the same season, in December, "A Crown of Thorns" at the 
Fourteenth Street Theatre. Mr. Hunt's later productions were 
"The Master Workman" and "An Outcast Wife." 

HURLEY, Alec: 

Vaudeville actor, was born in London March 24, 1871, and 
before going on the stage was employed in a tea store. He made 
his first appearance in "The Harbor Lights" in a minor London 
theatre, and was first seen in vaudeville at the Marylebone Music 
Hall, London, singing comic songs. For a time he worked with 
his brother, as a team, and in 1890 began to make costermonger 
songs a specialty. His best known songs are: "The Coster's Sis- 
ter," "I Ain't A-goin' to Tell," and "The Best Little Woman in 
the Wide, Wide World." The season of 1907-8 Mr. Hurley ap- 
peared in vaudeville theatres in this country with a company 
playing a sketch called "The Costers." Mr. Hurley married Miss 
Marie Lloyd, the well-known London music hall singer, in 190G. 
His home is at Granville Lodge, King Henry's road, Regent's 
Park, London, England. 

HUTCHINSON, Miss Kathryn: 

Actress, was born in Montpelier, Vt., where her father was 
a church deacon. After graduating from the High School there, 
she made her home with a married sister in Boston, and studied 
singing there under Mme. Unger, who taught Mme. Emma Eames. 
She was singing in the choir at the Roxbury Unitarian Church 
in Boston when Edward E. Rice offered her an engagement in 
"The Show Girl," in which she made her first stage appearance 
at Wallack's Theatre, New York, when she was nineteen years 
old. Following that she appeared in "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream" at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, with Nat 
Goodwin. She was then seen in "The Girl from Kay's" at the 
Herald Square Theatre, and the season of 1906-7 she was with 
Sam Bernard in "The Rich Mr. Hoggenheimer," playing the part 
of Mabel Vane. The season of 1907-8 Miss Hutchinson played 
Lucy Talbot in "The Hoyden" with Miss Elsie Janis, opening at 
the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, October 19, 1907. 

IRISH, Miss Annie (Mrs. John E. Dodson) : 

Actress, was born at Warloys, Huntington County, England, 
April 22, 1862, and made her first appearance in 1880 at the 



250 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Theatre Royal, Nottingham, England, under the late W. H. Ter- 
non's management. Her London debut was made seven years 
later at the Adelphi Theatre in "The Harbor Lights," succeed- 
ing Mary Rorke as Lena Nelson. On July 28, 1887, she appeared 
at that theatre as Mary Northcote in "The Bells of Haslemere," 
and in January, 1889, at the Vaudeville Theatre, London, in "The 
Poet." March following she was seen as Kate Constant in "That 
Doctor Cupid." In 1891 she joined the late Sir Henry Irving's 
company and appeared with him, on January 5, as Hero in 
"Much Ado About Nothing," and subsequently in many roles of 
his repertoire. In October of that year she appeared at the 
Comedy Theatre, London, as Mrs. St. Germain, with Charles Haw- 
trey, in "Good Papa." In the summer of 1892 she played in 
"Moses and Son" at the Royalty Theatre, London, and then ap- 
peared with the Kendals in repertoire on tour. She came to 
America with them in the fall of 1893, appearing as Ellean in 
"The Second Mrs. Tanqueray" at the old Star Theatre, New 
York, on October 9. In 1895 she was seen here in "The District 
Attorney"; the year following as Helen in "The Two Vagrants," 
and in 1897 as Marian in "Tess of the D'Urbervilles." In the 
spring of 1898 she played the role of Lucilla in Charles Henry 
Meltzer's "His Honor the Mayor"; in 1899, Gertrude West in 
"Because She Loved Him So," and later with Amelia Bingharn 
in "The Climbers." The season of 1901-2 she supported Mrs. 
Fiske in "Miranda of the Balcony," and "The Unwelcome Mrs. 
Hatch." She starred the season of 1902-3 in "An American In- 
vasion," and in 1904 created the role of Iras in Lew Wallace's 
"Ben Hur," playing also that year Countess de Linieres in the 
all-star production of "The Two Orphans" at the Manhattan 
Theatre, New York. After a short vaudeville engagement she 
appeared with the Harry Davis Stock Company in Pittsburg, 
Pa., in May, 1905. Miss Irish has retired from the stage. She 
is the wife of J. E. Dodson, the well-known actor. 

ILLINGTON, Miss Margaret (Mrs. Daniel Frohman) : 

Actress, was born in Bloomington, 111., March 22, 1881. Her 
maiden name was Maude Light. After studying dramatic art 
for two years in a Chicago school, she made her professional 
debut playing a small part in "The Pride of Jennico" with James 
K. Hackett in Daniel Frohman's company. Subsequently she 
played the leading woman's role in that romantic drama. In 
1902 she became a member of Daniel Frohman's stock company 
at Daly's Theatre, New York. She afterward played a summer 
engagement as leading woman of the Richmond (Va.) Stock 
Company and one season as leading woman with E. H. Sothern. 




MARGARET ILLINGTON 



252 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

In 1905 she created the leading role in "The Japanese Nightin- 
gale" at Daly's Theatre, New York, and in March, 1904, she 
played Henriette in the all-star cast revival of "The Two Or- 
phans." She was the creator of the part of Mrs. Leffingwell in 
Augustus Thomas's comedy, "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots," in No- 
vember, 1905. She played the leading woman's role in "The 
Lion and the Mouse" in Chicago in 1906 and went to London 
with the company especially selected to present that play there. 
On September 3, 1906, she appeared at the Empire Theatre, New 
York, as Nina, the leading woman's role in Arthur W. Pinero's 
"His House in Order" at its first American production. On Sep- 
tember 9, 1907, she appeared as joint star with Kyrle Bellew in 
Henri Bernstein's "The Thief" at the Lyceum Theatre, New 
York. Miss Illington's home is at 159 West Seventy-ninth street, 
New York. 

IRVING, George (George Henry Irving, Jr.) : 

Actor, was born at 266 West One Hundred and Thirtieth 
street, New York City, which house is still his home. He was 
educated at the College of the City of New York, and before go- 
ing on the stage worked in the office of a paper company at 
Glens Falls, N. Y. He made his first appearance at the Garrick 
Theatre, New York, in 1896, playing a small part in "Secret 
Service" with William Gillette. The following three seasons he 
played Captain Halliwell in "The Little Minister" with Maudo 
Adams and he remained in her company until 1904, playing in 
"L'Aiglon," "Quality Street," "The New Clown," "There's Many 
a Slip," "Imprudence," and "The Pretty Sister of Jose." In 
1905 he played Bradford in "Just Out of College," and the fol- 
lowing season he played Louis XV in "The Little Father of the 
Wilderness," and Lydbrook in "The Mountain Climber" with 
Francis Wilson. The summer of 1906 he was leading man in 
stock companies at Minneapolis, St. Paul and Parkersburg.W.Va., 
and also with the Sylvan Players in open-air productions of 
Shakespearian plays. The summer of 1907 he was leading man 
with the stock company at Utica, N. Y. Mr. Irving married Miss 
Katherine Gilman in 1906. His favorite recreations are golf, 
horseback riding and automobiling. He is a member The Play- 
ers, New York, and the Actors' Society. 

IRVING, Henry Brodribb : 

Actor, eldest son of Sir Henry Irving; was born in London 
August 5, 1870, and educated at Marlborough and New College, 
Oxford, where he took honors in history. On July 26, 1896, he 
married Dorothea Baird, an actress, who came into prominence 



WHO ON THE STAGE 253 

as creator of the part of Trilby. He was called to the Bar in 
1894, but never practised, preferring to follow his father's pro- 
fession. When twenty-one he joined John Hare's company at 
the Garrick Theatre, London, appearing in "School" in 1891. He 
filled engagements under various managers and toured in the 
provinces with Ben Greet's company in 1895. He played Louis 
Roupell in "The Tree of Knowledge," and Sir William Beaude- 
vere in "The Ambassador" with George Alexander at the St. 
James's in 1896-7. In 1902 he joined the company of Charles 
Frohman at the Duke of York's Theatre to play Orlando in "The 
Twin Sisters," and Crichton in "The Admirable Crichton." In 
1905 he appeared as Hamlet at the Adelphi Theatre, London. The 
season of 1906-7 Mr. Irving starred in conjunction with his wife 
in "Paolo and Francesca" in this country, opening at the New 
Amsterdam Theatre October 1, 1906. Mr. Irving is the author of 
"The Life of Judge Jeffreys," published in 1898, and a volume 
of criminal studies, entitled "French Criminals of the Nineteenth 
Century," published in 1901. His home is at Russell Mansions, 
Southampton row, London. 

IRVING, Miss Isabel (Mrs. W. H. Thompson) : 

Actress, was born in Bridgeport, Conn., February 28, 1871. 
Soon after she left school, and, without experience even as an 
amateur, she was engaged by Rosina Yokes and made her first 
appearance at the Standard Theatre, New York, as Ermyntrude 
Johnson in "The School Mistress" in February, 1887. The fol- 
lowing season she was engaged by Augustin Daly, and remained 
in his company six years, appearing as Oberon in "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream," Helen in "The Hunchback," Audrey in "As You 
Like It," Daisy in "Nancy & Co.," Susan in "A Night Off," Pansy 
in "The Great Unknown," and Faith in "The Last Word." She 
played with the company in London, and also at the Vaudeville 
Theatre, Paris, where she appeared in Ada Rehan's part of Jo 
in "The Lottery of Love." While in London in 1894 Miss Irving 
resigned from the Daly company, and that fall she played Lady 
Noeline in "The Amazons" under the management of Daniel 
Frohman. On the retirement of Georgia Cayvan, Miss Irving be- 
came leading woman of the old Lyceum Theatre Company, New 
York. While there she played in "The Case of Rebellious Susan," 
"The Professor of Zenda," "A Woman's Silence," "The Wife," 
"The Charity Ball," and "The Benefit of the Doubt." In 1897 
she was engaged by Charles Frohman to succeed Maude Adams 
as leading woman for John Drew, a place she occupied for sev- 
eral seasons, during which she played in "Rosemary," "A Mar- 
riage of Convenience," "One Summer Day," "The Liars," and 



254 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"The Tyranny of Tears." She also appeared in several other 
Frohman productions, among them being "The Husbands of Leon- 
tine," "Self and Lady," "The Romanesques," "The Royal Rival" 
with William Faversham, and in "A Message from Mars" with 
Charles Hawtrey. She then was starred in "The Crisis" under 
the management of James K. Hackett. She played Louise in the 
all-star cast of "The Two Orphans." The season of 1907-8 she 
starred in "The Girl Who Has Everything" under the manage- 
ment of Liebler & Co. 

IRWIN, Miss May (Mrs. Kurt Eisselt) : 

Actress, was born in Whitby, Ontario, Canada, in 1862, be- 
ing the daughter of Robert E. and Jane Draper Campbell. When 
she was eight years old she was the soprano of the village church 
choir. She made her first stage appearance with her sister Flor- 
ence at Daniel Shelby's Adelphi Variety Theatre, Buffalo, in De- 
cember, 1875, the sisters singing duets. It is recorded that Flor- 
ence fainted after they had done their first turn. At the sug- 
gestion of Mr. Shelby they adopted the name Irwin for stage 
purposes. Their combined salary was thirty dollars a week. In 
1877 the sisters were playing their first sketch, "On Board the 
Mary Jane," at a Detroit variety theatre. Tony Pastor saw them 
there and engaged them for his New York theatre, and they ap- 
peared for the first time in the metropolis on September 13, 1877. 
There they played the sketch "A Rural Stroll" for four years 
and played "leads" in the burlesques. They left Pastor's in 1884, 
and May Irwin was engaged by Augustin Daly. She made her 
first appearance at his theatre in Pinero's "Boys and Girls." She 
became popular as the creator of the role of Susan in "A Night 
Off," and Lucy in "The Recruiting Officer," and accompanied Mr. 
Daly's company twice on its tours abroad. In 1888 she returned 
to variety and became, with her sister, a member of the Howard 
Athenffium Company, Boston. At this time the Irwin sisters 
produced John J. McNally's first dramatic work, a sketch called 
"Home Rule." After appearing in H. Grattan Donnelly's "Fash- 
ions" she appeared as Helen Stockton in "The Junior Partner" 
with Henry Miller under the management of Charles Frohman; 
as Ophelia in the burlesque "Poets and Puppets," and in Rus- 
sell's "The City Directory." After an engagement with Peter 
Dailey in "A Country Sport" she, for the first time, became a 
star with "The Widow Jones," by John J. McNally, which ran 
through the season of 1895-6. It was at this time that Miss 
Irwin began the coon-song singing which has added so materially 
to her popularity. She got the idea through hearing negro 
servants singing ragtime at a summer hotel. The season of 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 255 

1896-7 she again met with success as a star in "The Swell Miss 
Fitzwell," and the following season appeared in "Courted Into 
Court." "Kate Kip, Buyer," "Sister Mary," "The Belle of Bridge- 
port," "Madge Smith, Attorney" followed successively up to the 
season of 1905-6, when she appeared in "Mrs. Black Is Back." 
The season of 1906-7 she starred in "Mrs. Wilson Andrews," and 
the season of 1907-8 she was in vaudeville. Miss Irwin was 
married to Kurt Eisselt, her press agent and manager, in the 
spring of 1907. 

JAMES, Louis: 

Actor, was born in Fremont, 111., October 3, 1842, and made 
his first stage appearance with a Louisville stock company in 
1863. He then joined Mrs. John Drew's company in Philadel- 
phia, and in 1872 became a member of Augustin Daly's company, 
remaining with that organization three seasons. For five years 
following he was leading man to Lawrence Barrett, and in 1886 
he branched out as a star on his own account, since which he 
has devoted himself almost exclusively to Shakespearian roles 
at the head of his own company. In 1906 he made a notable re- 
vival of "The Merry Wives of Windsor," and the season of 1907-8 
of "Henry VIII," and "The Comedy of Errors." 

JAMES, Miss Millie (Mrs. Edgar Seidenberg) : 

Actress, was born in 1876, being the daughter of Louis James, 
the well-known actor. She made her first stage appearance in 
"The Club Friend" in 1894, and later was seen in "The Senator." 
She made her New York debut in 1900, appearing as Janet Mar- 
lowe in "Woman and Wine" at the Manhattan Theatre, New 
York. She played the role of Simplicity Johnson in "Lovers' 
Lane" the season of 1901-2, and was seen as Sara Crewes in Fran- 
ces Hodgson Burnett's "The Little Princess" during the season 
of 1902-3. The season of 1903-4 she appeared as Connie Bowles 
in "Glad of It" at the Savoy Theatre, New York. She has since 
retired from the stage. 

JANIS, Elsie (Elsie Janis Bierbower) : 

Actress, was born at Delaware, Ohio, March 16, 1889. Her 
parents were of English, Scotch-Irish and German ancestry. As 
a child of three years she began the imitations which have since 
placed her in a class by herself in that line of stage work. In 
her own words: "I began imitating everything, from animals to 
railroad trains." While she was living in Columbus she was 
taken to see James Neill, who was playing there with his own 
company. Being struck with the personality of the child, he 



256 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

arranged to make her a member of his company, and gave her 
her first part, that of the boy Cain in "The Charity Ball." As 
Cain she made her first stage appearance December 24, 1897. Her 
parents had known President McKinley's family in Columbus, 
and while a guest at the White House at Christmas, 1899, she 
showed her ability as an entertainer to an audience composed of 
the President and his family, members of his Cabinet and Miss 
Janis's great-uncle, Senator Cockrell, of Missouri. Her talent for 
mimicry so impressed the President that he suggested a vaude- 
ville stage career for her. His advice was followed, and in Au- 
gust, 1900, she made her first appearance on the vaudeville and 
New York stages. Edward E. Rice, who was conducting summer 
night concerts on the Casino Theatre roof, engaged her, and un- 
der the name of "Little Elsie" she was an instantaneous success. 
For the next three years she was a top liner in the chief thea- 
tres of the vaudeville circuit, her imitations of the voices, make- 
ups and mannerisms of various well-known actors being the 
principal feature of her performances. In 1904 she was starred 
by Milton and Sargent Aborn in "The Belle of New York," thus 
becoming a star at the age of fourteen. Starring tours in "The 
Fortune Teller," and "The Duchess," which had been played by 
Alice Nielsen and Anna Held, respectively, followed. It was not, 
however, until the summer of 1905 that Miss Janis obtained her 
real chance on Broadway. Then the management of the New 
York Roof Garden selected her to head their summer players. 
She opened in "The Vanderbilt Cup" at the Broadway Theatre, 
New York, in the fall of 1905, and starred in that play until the 
season of 1907-8 when she starred in "The Hoyden," opening at 
the Knickerbocker Theatre October 19, 1907. 

JANSEN, Marie (Marie Johnson) : 

Actress, was born in Boston, Mass., where she made her 
professional debut in the Park Theatre September 13, 1881, in 
the "Lawn Tennis" company. Then, at the Bijou Theatre, New 
York, she played the Waiting Maid to the Countess in "Oli- 
vette," and when the company went to Boston she was promoted 
to play the part of the Countess. In 1883 she joined the forces 
of Colonel McCaull and appeared in "The Beggar Student." That 
was her first real success. Mr. Aronson, of the Casino, in New 
York, heard her and at once offered her a position in his com- 
pany. In the spring of 1884 Charles Wyndham engaged her to 
create the title role in "Featherbrain" in London, which she 
played for eight months. Then she came back and was engaged 
as leading woman for Francis Wilson's comic opera company, 
a position which she retained for several years. In 1901 she 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 257 

organized a company of her own, with which she toured the 
country. Then she retired from the stage. Her address is Win- 
throp, Mass. 

JEFFREYS, Miss Ellis (Mrs. H. S. Skelton) : 

Actress, was born in Ireland May 17, 1868, being the daugh- 
ter of the late Captain Jeffreys. She was first married to the 
Hon. Frederic Curzon, but this marriage was afterward dis- 
solved, and she became the bride of Herbert Sleath Skelton, an 
actor. Miss Jeffreys's first appearance on the English stage was 
in light opera, in which she played small parts. That line of 
work did not satisfy her, and she abandoned it for comedy. She 
made an almost immediate success, and played leading parts in 
nearly all the West End theatres of London. In 1902-3-4 she 
played the "leads" with Harrison and Maude at the Haymarket 
Theatre in London, and subsequently, in 1905, with Frederick 
Harrison. In 1904 she made a tour of the United States in com- 
pany with her husband, Mr. Sleath, and achieved considerable 
success. In 1905 she again came to the United States to play in 
a special production of "The Fascinating Mr. Vanderveldt." She 
opened the season of 1906-7 in the United States in "The Dear 
Unfair Sex" at the Liberty Theatre, New York, which, proving 
a failure, was withdrawn. Later she played Kate Hardcastle in 
a revival of "She Stoops to Conquer" with W. H. Crane as Old 
Hardcastle. The season of 1907-8 Miss Jeffreys acted in London. 
Her address is 72 Germyn street, London. 

JEFFRIES, Miss Maud : 

Actress, was born in Coahoma County, Mississippi, in 1870, 
and was educated in Columbia, Tenn. When nineteen years old 
she obtained an engagement to play small parts in Augustin 
Daly's company in New York. Then Wilson Barrett, the English 
actor, engaged her for his London company. Her first London 
success was in "The People's Idol" at the Olympic Theatre. After 
that she played leading parts in Mr. Barrett's repertoire. She 
was the original Kate in "The Manxman," and Ben My Chree in 
Hall Caine's adaptation of his novel "The Deemster." She was 
also the original Mercia in "The Sign of the Cross," which she 
played with Wilson Barrett all over the world. She played Ma- 
rianne in Beerbohm Tree's production of "Herod" at His Majes- 
ty's Theatre, London, in 1900, and then toured through Aus- 
tralia. The season of 1905-6 she starred in repertoire with Julius 
Knight. Miss Jeffries is the wife of a wealthy Australian settler. 
She has retired from the stage. 



258 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

JEROME, Jerome Klapka: 

Playwright, was born at Walsall, England, May 2, 1859, and 
began life as a clerk in a store. For a time he was a school 
teacher and then joined a "barnstorming" dramatic company and 
roughed it through the English provinces. His book, "On the 
Stage and Off," giving a humorous account of his experiences, 
first attracted attention to his writing. His first play was "New 
Lamps and Old," and best known of his subsequent productions 
are "Barbara," "Sunset," "Woodbarrow Farm," "The Prude's 
Progress," "Miss Hobbs," and "Tommy." 

JEWEL, Miss Izetta (Izetta J. Kenney) : 

Actress, was born November 24, 1883, and was educated at 
the East Greenwich Academy, Rhode Island, and at the Ameri- 
can Academy of Dramatic Arts, New York City. She made her 
first appearance with a summer stock company, May 14, 1900, at 
Wilmington, N. C., in a played called "Triss." After consider- 
able experience in one-night-stand companies she joined the Cas- 
tle Square Stock Company at Boston, and has since been leading 
woman with many important stock organizations, including those 
at Proctor's One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Street Theatre, New 
York, during the season of 1905-6; the Colonial Theatre, San 
Francisco, and Ye Liberty Theatre, Oakland, Cal. Miss Jewel 
was the first to play the part of Salome in Oscar Wilde's tragedy 
of that name in the West, and was the first leading woman to 
play in San Francisco after the earthquake. Her favorite recre- 
ation is horseback riding. She is a member of the Professional 
Woman's League, the Actors' Church Alliance, the Actors' Fund, 
the Actors' Society and the Playgoers' Club. 

JEWETT, Henry: 

Actor, was born in Australia, but spent his boyhood in Dune- 
din, New Zealand. At the age of fifteen he had acquired a repu- 
tation as a public reciter. After working on a ranch as a cow- 
boy for a time he became a clerk in the Bank of New Zealand. 
In 1879 Mr. Jewett made his first appearance on the stage as 
Ralph Waters in an amateur performance of "Bitter Cold" in 
Dunedin. He made his first appearance as a professional in Well- 
ington, New Zealand, April 1, 1880. After a year of stock work 
in Dunedin he toured New Zealand with Miss Louise Pomeroy. 
Then he went to Australia, opening as Clifford Armitage in "The 
Lights o' London" in Ballarat, Victoria, December 26, 1882. Mr. 
Jewett next supported George Darrell in Melbourne, and in 1884 
joined Wybert Reeve's company in Adelaide. For the next seven 
or eight years he was leading man in many first-class companies 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 259 

in Australia. In 1892 he came to this country and played his 
first part here as Charles Cashmore in the one-act play "My 
Uncle's Will" with the Stockwell Theatre Company. In 1893 Mr. 
Jewett was leading man for Miss Julia Marlowe, playing the 
whole of her repertoire. The following season he was with 
Richard Mansfield. He created the part of Sergius in George 
Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," and with Miss Rose Cogh- 
lan he played in "Diplomacy." Mr. Jewett appeared as Benedict 
Arnold in a drama of the same name on December 27, 1895, in 
New York, and his performance attracted much attention. He 
then was seen as Cassius in "Julius Caesar," and as Othello. The 
summer of 1896 Mr. Jewett organized a stock company in Kan- 
sas City with himself as star and supported by his wife, known 
en the stage as Miss Frances Hastings, whom he married in 
Sydney, Australia, in 1888. Mr. Jewett was with Mr. Mansfield 
again in 1896-7. He supported Miss Fanny Davenport in "Joan 
of Arc," and played Shakespearian parts in St. Louis in seasons 
following. Subsequently he appeared in the part of John Storm 
in "The Christian" in Boston. 

JOHNSON, Miss Marion Pollock: 

Actress, was born in Dubuque, Iowa. As a member of the 
Amateur Dramatic Club, of Chicago, she played in many amateur 
performances before appearing on the professional stage, on 
which she made her debut in Boston July 8, 1901, with J. H. 
Gilmore. She next appeared in "The Price of Peace" at McVick- 
ar's Theatre, Chicago, as Sister Agnes and general understudy. 
In 1902 she played Patty Swain in "Richard Carvel," and the 
same season joined Amelia Bingham's company, playing a part 
in "A Modern Magdalen." After playing in "A Fool and His 
Money" in 1903 she replaced Olive May in William H. Crane's 
"The Spenders" company. In 1904 she played with the Bellows 
Stock Company in St. Louis, in 1905 with the Bush Temple Stock 
Company in Chicago, and in 1905 with Proctor's Stock Company 
in New York. October 23, 1905, she created the part of Kate 
Roberts in the original "The Lion and the Mouse" company at 
the Lyceum Theatre, New York, and played the same part the 
seasons of 1906-7-8. 

JOHNSON, Owen: 

Playwright, was born in New York City August 27, 1878, and 
educated at Lawrenceville, N. J., and at Yale College. He was 
the founder and first editor of The Lawrenceville Literary Maga- 
zine, and is the author of numerous books and short stories, in- 
cluding "In the Name of Liberty," and "Arrows of the Mighty." 



260 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

His latest play, "The Comet," was produced at the Bijou Thea- 
tre, New York, December 30, 1907, with Alia Nazimova in the 
leading role. Mr. Johnson married Miss Mary Gait Stockly, 
.May 23, 1901. His home is in Ridgefield, Conn. 

JONES, Henry Arthur: 

Playwright, was born in Brandborough, Bucks, England, Sep- 
tember 29, 1851, being the son of Silvanus Jones, a farmer. He 
was educated at the village grammar school at Winslow, Bucks, 
and went into business life at Bradford, Yorkshire, when thir- 
teen years old. He became a successful commercial traveler, but 
from the first time he entered a theatre, at the age of eighteen, 
and saw Miss Bateman in "Leah" at the Haymarket, London, 
he was so fascinated with the stage that he devoted all his spare 
time to its study. When he was twenty-seven he deserted com- 
mercial life to become a dramatist. His first play was a little 
piece called "It's Only Round the Corner," which was produced 
at the Exeter Royal Theatre in 1878. This was followed by 
"Hearts of Oak," "Elopement," "A Clerical Error," "An Old Mas- 
ter," "His Wife," "Cherry Ripe," and "A Bed of Roses." His 
first notable success was "The Silver King," written with Henry 
Herman and produced at the Princess's Theatre, London, by Wil- 
son Barrett in 1882. Since then he has written "Saints and Sin- 
ners," produced in 1884; "The Middleman," 1889, and "Judah," 
1890, for E. S. Willard; "The Dancing Girl," 1891; "The Cru- 
saders," 1891; "The Tempter," and "The Bauble Shop," 1893; 
"The Masqueraders, " and "The Case of Rebellious Susan," 1894; 
"The Triumph of the Philistines," 1895; "Michael and His Lost 
Angel," and "The Rogue's Comedy," 1896; "The Physician," and 
"The Liars," 1897; "The Manoeuvres of Jane," 1898; "The Lack- 
ey's Carnival," and "The Princess's Nose," 1902; "Whitewash- 
ing," and "Joseph Entangled," 1903; "The Chevalier," 1904, and 
"The Heroic Stubbs," 1906. Nearly all his plays have been pro- 
duced in the United States. In August, 1906, "The Hypocrites" 
was produced, for the first time on any stage, at the Hudson Thea- 
tre, New York. Mr. Jones personally superintended the rehear- 
sals, and this was the first time a new play by a leading English 
playwright had its initial performance in the United States. His 
play "The Evangelist" was produced at the Knickerbocker Thea- 
tre, New York, September 30, 1907, and withdrawn after two 
weeks. Mr. Jones's home is at 38 Portland place, London, N. W. 

JONES, Walter: 

Comedian, was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1872. When he 
was ten years old he ran away to join Robinson & Alexander's 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 261 

circus, serving an apprenticeship as a tumbler, and eventually 
rising to the dignity of a clown. He then became associated with 
the box office of the Grand Opera House, Cincinnati, and maclo 
his first appearance as an actor in a melodrama called "Gene- 
vieve" on a tour which terminated disastrously in Toronto. Work- 
ing his way to St. Thomas, Mr. Jones joined the Howard Hail 
circus, which he left in the early '80s to play Passepartout in 
Imre Kiralfy's spectacle, "Around the World in Eighty Days." 
Four seasons with W. A. Mestayer's company followed, during 
which Mr. Jones played in "We, Us & Co.," "The Tourists," and 
"The Grab Bag." Following this he played Owen McFee iu 
"Aunt Bridget's Baby" with George Monroe. Soon afterward he 
ran a dramatic agency in Cincinnati and managed James Owen 
O'Connor for a short season. Then followed a season with "The 
United States Mail," after which, for two years, he acted the 
part of Snapper in "The Pulse of New York." It was in this 
part that he originated the tramp act which afterward brought 
him into prominence. He was playing at the Grand Opera House, 
Boston, when Edward E. Rice engaged him to play the King in 
"1492." In this, just four hundred years after the title date, Mr. 
Jones made his first great success, his tramp specialty making 
him famous throughout the long run of the extravaganza in New 
York. Mr. Jones then played William Tell in "Excelsior, Jr.," 
and one of the bailiffs in "The Lady Slavey." His next engage- 
ment was in "In Gay New York." After that he made a popular 
character of Buffingsby Flash in "One Round of Pleasure." Prior 
to 1900 Mr. Jones starred in a revival of "In Gay New York" at 
the Casino, New York; starred with Thomas Q. Seabrooke and 
Miss Edna Wallace Hopper in "Yankee Doodle Dandy"; played 
in "The Man in the Moon" at the New York Theatre, New York, 
and in "The Gay Debutantes." After a season in vaudeville with 
Miss Norma Whalley he went to San Francisco in the summer 
of 1900 to play in an all-star cast giving the Hoyt farces. After- 
ward he starred for two seasons in "The Chaperones." After a 
season in George V. Hobart's "The Sleepy King" he appeared in 
1905 in "The Girl and the Bandit." The season of 1905-6 Mr. 
Jones starred in a vaudeville sketch with Mabel Hite, and the 
season of 1907-8 was seen in "Miss Pocahontas." He is a mem- 
ber of The Lambs, the Larchmont Yacht Club, the Green Room 
Club, the Chicago Automobile Club, the Vaudeville Comedy Club, 
the White Rats, the Eagles, F. O. E. and the Flying Squadron. 

KAHN, Miss Florence: 

Actress, was born in Memphis, Tenn. She was graduated 
from a New York dramatic school in 1897, and made her first 



262 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

professional appearance on tour in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." 
After a season with the Independent Theatre Company she sup- 
ported Paul Gilmore in "The Three Musketeers." The season of 
1901-2 she played Chorus with Richard Mansfield in "Henry V," 
then was leading woman with J. K. Hackett in "Don Caesar's Re- 
turn." The spring of 1904 she appeared in "Rosmersholm," and 
"The Battle of the Butterflies," with the Century Theatre Com- 
pany; then she played in Ibsen's "When We Dead Awake" at the 
Knickerbocker Theatre, New York. After a season with the Cas- 
tle Square Stock Company, in Boston, she appeared in 1907 as 
Mrs. Elvested in "Hedda Gabler" with Mme. Nazimova at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York. 

KEIM, Miss Adelaide: 

Actress, was born in New York City February 15, 1885, and 
educated at St. Joseph's Academy. Miss Keim made her first 
appearance, when she was a mere girl, under the direction of 
Daniel Frohman at the Lyceum Theatre, New York. When E. H. 
Sothern produced "Hamlet" at the Garden Theatre, New York, 
Miss Keim was engaged to understudy the role of Ophelia, and 
succeeded Virginia Harned in that part. She then attracted the 
attention of F. F. Proctor, who engaged her as leading woman 
for his Fifth Avenue Theatre Stock Company, where she played 
fifty different roles, such as Peg Woflington, the Baroness in 
"The Last Word," Camille, etc. She there originated the role 
of Mrs. Temple in the play afterward known as "Mrs. Temple's 
Telegram." Miss Keim headed the De Witt Company of Players 
in Baltimore, and while there first essayed the male role of 
Hamlet, in which she made a great success. She also appeared 
as Carmen, Lady Gay Spanker, Lady Teazle, and as Rosalind in 
"As You Like It." Under the management of her father, Henry 
G. Keim, she played a season at the Harlem Opera House in 
New York, where she repeated her success in the male role of 
Hamlet. She subsequently appeared as Princess Irene in "The 
Prince of India" at the Broadway Theatre, New York. The sea- 
son of 1907-8 she played stock in Chicago. 

KEITH, Benjamin Franklin: 

Owner of vaudeville theatres, was born in Hillsboro Bridge, 
N. H., of Scotch and French parentage. Until he was eighteen 
years old he was content with the life of a farm boy and a 
"deestrick" school education. He saw a performance of Van 
Amburgh's circus at that time, and it so impressed him that 
the farm was no longer to his liking. He started out as a cir- 
cus worker, and was associated in those early days with Bun- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 263 

nell's and Barnum's museums, in New York, and with the cir- 
cuses of Forepaugh and Batcheller & Doris. He finally ventured 
into the show business as a proprietor, and followed it with vary- 
ing success until 1885. On July 6 of that year Mr. Keith founded 
and began the continuous performance plan now known as vaude- 
ville. Mr. Keith himself ascribes the idea to the fact that he 
saw in a dream people singing and dancing continually on a 
stage. He was then part owner of the Gaiety Musee, in Boston, 
and he saw financial disaster coming. The dream seemed to him 
an inspiration when he recalled it later at a time when he was 
seeking some way out of his difficulties. He went to work, 
evolved his plan and put it into operation. The first day the 
receipts increased just fifty dollars. The success of the plan ex- 
ceeded his most sanguine expectations, and in 1886 Mr. Keith 
leased the Bijou Theatre, adjoining the Gaiety. He branched out 
and, year by year, built or leased theatres for vaudeville per- 
formances until, in 1905, he had, in addition to two Boston thea- 
tres, houses in Providence, R. I.; Pawtucket, R. I.; Philadelphia, 
Cleveland, Columbus, Ohio; Portland, Me.; Manchester, N. H.; 
Lowell, Mass.; New York, and London, England. In June, 1906, 
Mr. Keith and F. F. Proctor, his chief competitor in the vaude- 
ville field, who also had theatres in various cities, including New 
York, joined forces and formed the Keith & Proctor Amusement 
Company. A few weeks later the United Booking Office of Amer- 
ica, headed by Messrs. Keith and Proctor, was formed, with the 
control of more than one hundred vaudeville houses in the East- 
ern and Western cities. Mr. Keith's home is in Brookline, Mass. 
He is the owner of the steam yacht Courier. 

KELCEY, Herbert (Herbert Iamb) : 

Actor, was born in England, October 10, 1855. As the eldest 
son of a county family he was intended for the army, but he 
joined a provincial theatrical company and made his first appear- 
ance on the stage at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, in 1880, play- 
ing a small part in "Flirtation." After roughing it in the prov- 
inces for one year, he was engaged by Sir Augustus Harris and 
created the part of Captain Lord Loreton in "Youth," produced 
at the Drury Lane Theatre August 6, 1881. The following year 
he came to this country, making his American debut at Wai- 
lack's Theatre, New York, as Philip Radley in "Taken from Life" 
September 9, 1882. Mr. Kelcey also created the parts of Count 
Orloff in "Diplomacy," and the the Spider in "The Silver King, 1 ' 
in this country. The season of 1884-5 Mr. Kelcey was a member 
of the Madison Square Company, New York, playing Cheviot Hill 
in "Engaged," Edward Warburton in "Old Love Letters," and 



264 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Philip Van Pelt in "Our Society/' The following year, as a 
member of the Wallack Stock Company, he played Colonel Tressi- 
dor in "Harvest," Lord Jura in "Moths," Mark Helstone in "Har- 
bor Lights," Tom Coke in "Old Heads and Young Hearts," Major 
Barton in "The Dominie's Daughter," and Joseph Surface in "The 
School for Scandal." In October, 1887, Mr. Kelcey became lead- 
ing man in Daniel Frohman's Lyceum Stock Company, making 
his first appearance as John Rutherford in "The Wife." He re- 
mained in that organization nine years, creating and playing 
many leading parts. In the fall of 1896 he supported Mrs. Leslie 
Carter in "The Heart of Maryland," after which he became a 
star, playing for several seasons the role of Edward Fletcher in 
"The Moth and the Flame" at the head of his own company with 
Effie Shannon as co-star. He then appeared in William Gillette's 
"Sherlock Holmes." He then played in "The Lightning Con- 
ductor," and on November 19, 1906, was seen as Richard Mil- 
bank in Charles Klein's "The Daughters of Men" at the Astor 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1907-8 Mr. Kelcey starred in 
"The Walls of Jericho." His home is at 249 West One Hundred 
and Seventh street, New York. 

KELLARD, Ralph (Thomas J. J. Kelly) : 

Actor, was born in New York City June 16, 1884. He was 
educated at the public schools there, and before going on the 
stage worked as a law clerk. He made his first appearance as 
one of the crowd in "The Palace of the King" under the man- 
agement of Liebler & Co. at Hartford, Conn., September 14, 1902. 
After a severe illness, during the season of 1904-5, Mr. Kellard 
played in the stock company of Mrs. Spooner at her Bijou 
Theatre, Brooklyn, N. Y. The following season he played Don 
Camilio Murelli in "The Eternal City." March 19, 1906, he ap- 
peared as Beverly Cruger in "The Music Master" with David 
Warfield, and continued to play that part throughout the sea- 
son of 1906-7. The season of 1907-8 he was seen as Tom Dabney 
in "The Warrens of Virginia," produced at the Belasco Theatre, 
New York, December 3, 1907. Mr. Kellard's favorite recreations 
are walking and outdoor sports. His home is at 205 East Ninety- 
third street, New York City. 

KELLERD, E. John: 

Actor, was born in Kensington, London, May 14, 1863. He 
was an orphan at the age of four, and at eight had learned to 
play the violin and piano. His stage career began January 10. 
1879, when he played Polonius in "Hamlet" at the King's Cross 
Theatre, London. He then accepted a place as leading man in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 265 

the Lyceum Theatre in Stafford. From there he drifted into sev- 
eral provincial companies, and then obtained a London engage- 
ment at Sadlers' Wells Theatre. Another round of the English 
provinces followed, and then he was engaged, in May, 1883, for 
the company of the Boston Museum, and came to the United 
States to fill that engagement. He afterward played with Daniel 
Bandmann and as leading man for William J. Florence and 
Frederick Warde. His first New York appearance was in "Held 
by the Enemy," August 16, 1886, in the role of Gordon Hayne. 
After the death of Florence he was engaged by Joseph Jefferson 
to play the part of Sir Lucius O'Trigger in "The Rivals," the 
part which had been played so long by Florence. He appeared 
later with Henrietta Crosman in "Sweet Kitty Bellairs" at the 
Belasco Theatre, New York; with Mrs. Fiske in "Leah Kleschna," 
and in "Taps," adapted from the German "Lights Out." 

KELLY, Harry: 

Comedian, was born in New York, and made his first appear- 
ance on the stage at the age of seven years at the London Thea- 
tre there with the Alex Zanfretta troupe of pantomimists. His 
next engagement was with the Niles, Evans, Bryant and Hoey 
company, he being one of an act of boys known as the Big 
Little Four. The first part of consequence young Kelly essayed 
was that of the Bad Boy in "Peck's Bad Boy." Later he joined 
his stepfather, John T. Kelly, and Dan Mason who were playing 
in "The Tigers." Subsequently he played the role of the Police- 
man in "Evangeline," and was with Richard Golden in "A Bar- 
ber Scrape." With John T. Kelly and Gus Williams he appeared 
in the farce "U and I," and later with John T. Kelly in "McPhee 
of Dublin." After gaining popular favor in the musical re- 
view "Cook's Tours" at Koster & Bial's, New York, he played 
with Lillian Russell in "The American Beauty." For the next 
three years he was one of the principal members of Klaw & 
Erlanger's "Jack and the Beanstalk" company, leaving it for 
"The Whirl of the Town" at the Casino, New York, in which, 
as the Bartender, he again pleased the public, especially in his 
song, "Roxianna Dooley." In the "Mam'zelle 'Awkins" company 
at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, and the Victoria 
Theatre, New York, he made one of the chief successes of his 
career. Subsequently he was with James T. Powers in "The 
Messenger Boy," with the late Jerome Sykes in "The Billionaire," 
in "A Little of Everything" at the Aerial Gardens, New Amster- 
dam Theatre, New York, and in "Mother Goose." In 1905 he 
became a member of the Lew Fields Theatre company in New 



266 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

York, playing in "It Happened in Nordland" and in the burlesque 
of "The Music Master." He next appeared in "His Majesty ,-" 
and in the spring of 1906 created the role of Deacon Flood in 
"His Honor the Mayor," which he continued to play the seasons 
of 1906-7-8. 

XELLY, John T. : 

Irish comedian, was born in Boston, Mass., August 26, 1855. 
He attended the public schools until he was fourteen years old, 
in the meantime doing clog dancing for the amusement of his 
companions. His first public appearance was under the manage- 
ment of M. B. Leavitt, with whom he made a six months' tour 
through the Eastern States and Canada. At the close of this 
engagement he adopted white face and low comedy parts an'l 
joined Jennie Kimball's comedy and burlesque company. While 
with this organization his parents induced him to abandon the 
stage, and he was apprenticed to a clothing cutter. He devoted 
one year to this trade, and then threw away the tape measure 
in disgust and joined "The Mocking Bird Serenaders" in Bangor, 
Me. In 1870 he made his first appearance in vaudeville in Buf- 
falo. The following year he became a favorite at Tony Pastor's 
Theatre, New York, in Irish character changes. He formed a 
team with Thomas J. Ryan, known as Kelly and Ryan, which was 
dissolved in 1885, and Dan Mason, the German comedian, then 
became his stage partner. Afterward he joined with Gus Will- 
iams, the German comedian, and starred with him in "U and I." 
He afterward appeared in "Roger McFee." He was also with 
the Weber & Fields forces. The season of 1906 he went into 
vaudeville and continued playing sketches the season of 1907-8. 

KEMPER, Collin: 

Actor and manager, best known as junior member of the pro- 
ducing firm of vVagenhals & Kemper, was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, February 17, 1870. He was originally an actor, having 
been a member of the Augustin Daly company when a very youn;? 
man. He became a partner of Lincoln A. Wagenhals in 1893, 
their first venture being the management of a stock company at 
Stone's Opera House, Binghamton, N. Y. Since then the firm 
has managed such stars as Mrue. Modjeska, Blanche Walsh, Louis 
James, Kathryn Kidder, Henry Miller, Annie Russell and Leo 
Ditrichstein. They are also lessees and managers of the Astor 
Theatre, New York. Mr. Kemper's business address is Astor 
Theatre, New York. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 267 

XENDAL, Ezra: 

Actor, was born on a farm in Allegany County, New York, 
in 1861. He began life as a printer in Olean, N. Y.; then, going 
to New York, he became a reporter on the New York Herald for 
a time, and then on the Olean Times. He made his first ap- 
pearance as a professional actor at Elizabeth, N. J., in the farce 
"That Rascal Pat" on St. Patrick's Day, 1880. After that he 
supported Lillian Cleves-Clark in "Only a Farmer's Daughter/' 
getting a salary of four dollars a week and expenses. Mr. Ken- 
dal made his first hit in "Wanted, a Partner" at Rankin's Third 
Avenue Theatre, New York, after which he wrote and produced 
"We, Us & Co.," and became a star. He starred eleven years 
in his farce "A Pair of Kids," and then in "The Vinegar Buyer." 
The season of 1907-8 he was seen in "The Land of Dollars." 

KENDAL, Mrs. Madge (Mrs. W. H. Grimston) : 

Actress, was born at Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, March 15, 
1849, being the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Robertson, both 
of whom were actors, and the sister of T. W. Robertson, the 
author of "Caste," "School," and "Ours." Her first public ap- 
pearance was at the old Marylebone Theatre in "The Struggle 
for Gold." For a long time she played children's parts in pan- 
tomime and made her debut as an adult as Madge Robertson at 
the Haymarket, playing Ophelia to the Hamlet of the late Wal- 
ter Montgomery in 1865. An eighteen months' tour in the Eng- 
lish provinces followed, and in 1867 she returned to London and 
appeared in "The Great City" at Drury Lane. The following 
year she came into prominent notice by her performance of 
Blanche Dumont in "A Hero of Romance" at the Haymarket. 
She remained there for seven years, creating the principal parts 
in a series of successful pieces by W. S. Gilbert, including "The 
Palace of Truth," "Pygmalion and Galatea," "Broken Hearts," 
and "The Wicked World." Two of her greatest triumphs were 
Lady Orman in "Peril," and Dora in "Diplomacy" at the Prince 
of Wales's Theatre in 1876. The Kendals entered into a partner- 
ship with John Hare in the management of the St. James's Thea- 
tre, which continued from 1877 to 1888, during which time they 
produced many successful plays. In 1889 Mr. and Mrs. Kendal 
made their first tour of the United States and Canada under the 
direction of Daniel Frohman. It was phenomenally successful, 
and was repeated annually for five years. Since then they have 
made several provincial tours and played several seasons in Lon- 
don. The Kendals were married August 7, 1869. Their London 
address is 12 Portland place. 



268 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

KENDAL, William Hunter (Grimston) : 

Actor, was born in London December 16, 1843. At the age 
of eighteen he entered the dramatic profession as a member of 
the old Soho Stock Company of London, which at that period in- 
cluded Ellen Terry and David James. He went to Glasgow, Scot- 
land, in 1862, where he remained as a member of the Theatre 
Royal company until 1866, supporting such stars as Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Kean, Helen Faucit and G. V. Brooke. At the end of 
1866 he made his first appearance in London at the Haymarket 
in "A Dangerous Friend." He married Miss Madge Robertson 
August 7, 1869, and the remainder of his theatrical career is prac- 
tically identical with that of his wife. He is a member of the 
Junior, Carlton, Garrick, Beefsteak, Arts and Cosmopolitan clubs, 
London. 

KENNEDY, Charles E. : 

Actor, was born in Boston, Mass., November 17, 1867, and 
made his first appearance on the occasion of the opening of the 
Grand Opera House in that city under the management of F. F. 
Proctor as a" super" in "Arabian Nights" January 9, 1888. After 
that he followed the occupation of a detective for some time, 
then played his first speaking part at the Castle Square Theatre 
in" Captain Paul" in 1894. While playing in the Pinehurst Stock 
Company in North Carolina, with which organization he re- 
mained from 1899 to 1903, he made his first marked success as 
Dave Hardy in "Esmeralda." The season of 1903-4 he was with 
the Peruchi-Beldini Stock Company in Knoxville, Tenn., and the 
following season with the Bennett-Moulton Company, touring 
New England. The season of 3905-6 he was manager of the Har- 
court Comedy Company, and the following season was with the 
Gagnon Pollock Stock at Key West, Fla. He was leading man 
with the Whiteside-Strauss Company in the spring of 1907, and 
the season of 1907-8 played the lead in "A Desperate Chance." 
Mr. Kennedy is a Mason and an Elk. He married Miss Albertina 
O. Kalberg April 23, 1893, and his home is at 58 Central street, 
Auburndale, Mass. 

KERKER, Gustave: 

Composer and musical director, who filled that post for many 
years at the New York Casino, was born in Westphalia, Germany, 
February 28, 1857, of a family of musicians. He came to this 
country in 1867 and settled in Louisville, Ky. When little more 
than sixteen years old he first conducted an opera, Weber's "Der 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 269 

Freischutz," and later he became leader of the orchestra of a 
Louisville theatre. In 1879 he composed his first opera, "Cadets," 
the libretto being written by Morris Warner. Then he went to 
New York, and joined E. E. Rice in the production of "Orpheus 
and Eurydice" at the Bijou Opera House. He retained the posi- 
tion of director at the Bijou until 1888, when "The Pearl of 
Peking" was produced, nearly all of the music of which he com- 
posed. Then he transferred his services to the Casino, his first 
production there being "The Brigands," of which most of the 
music was original with him. He is the author of the music of 
"Castles in the Air," and "The Belle of New York," and hundreds 
of similar pieces. 

KIDDER, Miss Kathryn (Mrs. Louis Kaufman Anspacher) : 

Actress, was born in Newark, N. J., but her home is in 
Evanston, 111., where her grandfather, Daniel Parish Kidder, was 
president of the university. Her father is Colonel H. M. Kidder, 
a member of the Chicago Board of Trade. Her debut was made 
in Chicago in 1885 as Lucy in Frank Mayo's production of "The 
Streets of New York," and the same year she played Wanda in 
Frank Mayo's production of "Nordeck" at the old Union Square 
Theatre, New York; after that she played Rachel McCreery in 
William Gillette's "Held by the Enemy" at the Madison Square 
Theatre, New York. She then toured in legitimate repertoire 
with Joseph Haworth, appearing in the leading parts in "The 
Leavenworth Case," "Ruy Bias," "Cupid's Messenger," "Saint 
Marc," "The Soldier of Fortune," and "The Bells." Her next 
appearance was as Dearest in "Little Lord Fauntleroy" at the 
Broadway Theatre, New York. Then she purchased the Ameri- 
can rights of Sardou's "Madame Sans Gene," and presented it at 
the same theatre, where it achieved a decided success and was 
continued for a long run. She toured with this play for three 
years. After this she starred for four years under the manage- 
ment of Wagenhals & Kemper, appearing as Ophelia, Desdemona, 
Portia, Lady Macbeth and others. The next season she produced 
"Molly Pitcher," "The Country Girl," and Dumas's "Francillon." 
Later she was seen as Hermione and Perdita in "Winter's Tale," 
and Salammbo in a dramatization of Flaubert's novel of that 
name. In 1906 she played the role of Elizabeth Holt in her hus- 
band's drama, "The Embarrassment of Riches." She has since 
retired from the stage. Miss Kidder married Louis K. Ans- 
pacher, dramatist and former professor at the Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York, in October, 1905. Their home is at Tuckahoe, 
N. Y. 



270 WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 

KIMBALL, Miss Grace (Mrs. M. D. MoGuire) : 

Actress, was born in Detroit, Mich., February 18, 1870, and 
made her dfibut on the stage as the Maid in "Engaged" at the 
age of eighteen, appearing later in "A Possible Case" under the 
management of J. M. Hill. After a wide experience she became 
a member of the company under the direction of Daniel Froh- 
man at the old Lyceum Theatre, New York, in 1902. The season 
of 1902-3 she joined the Fawcett Siock Company, Baltimore, Md,, 
as leading woman, and the season of 1903-4 was seen at the Gar- 
den Theatre, New York, and on tour in "The Secret of Polichi- 
nelle" with William H. Thompson. The season of 1904-5 she 
played in "Mrs. Temple's Telegram" at the Madison Square Thea- 
tre, New York, and that of 1905-6 appeared with Cyril Scott iu 
"The Prince Chap," and with Charles Richman in "Gallops." The 
season of 1906-7 she was seen in "The Little Cherub" with Hattie 
Williams. On May 8, 1897, Miss Kimball married M. D. McGuire, 
a prominent New Yorker. She has retired temporarily from the 



KLAW, Marc : 

Manager, was born in Paducah, Ky., May 29, 1858, and edu- 
cated at the public and high schools of Louisville. He took up 
law as a profession, and was admitted to the Bar. In 1881 he 
began theatrical management, and later became the senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Klaw & Erlanger. He is also associated with 
the firms of Nixon & Zimmerman and Hayman, Klaw & Erlanger. 
which control practically all of the principal theatres in the 
United States. He is the founder of the Syndicate Booking 
Agency. Mr. Klaw is a member of the Democratic Club, New 
York. His address is New Amsterdam Theatre Building, New 
York. 

KLEIN, Charles: 

Playwright, was born in London, England, January 7, 1867, 
and was educated at the North London College. He was connected 
with the stage for many years before writing his first play, 
which was called "A Mile a Minute." His next play, "By Proxy," 
attracted considerable attention, and he has since scored many 
successes. His best known plays are "A Paltry Million," "The 
District Attorney," "Heartsease," "The Charlatan," "El Capitan," 
a comic opera; "The Honorable John Grigsby," "Dr. Belgraff," 
"A Royal Rogue," "The Cipher Code," "The Auctioneer," and 
"The Music Master," both written for David Warfield; "Mr. Pick- 
wick," a comic opera written for De Wolf Hopper; "Red Feather," 
also an opera; "The Lion and the Mouse," which enjoyed a 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 271 

phenomenal run at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, and "The 
Daughters of Men," produced in the fall of 1906. "The Step- 
sister," a drama in three acts, by Mr. Klein, was produced at 
the Garrick Theatre, New York, October 14, 1907, and withdrawn 
after two weeks. Mr. Klein married Lillian Gottlieb. His home 
is at Shirley Manor, Rowayton, Conn. 

KNOTT, Miss Roselle (Mrs. Thomas Knott) : 

Actress, was born Agnes Roselle in Hamilton, Ontario, in 
1870. The Roselles were among the early pioneers of Canada, 
her grandfather having fought in the War of 1812, and carried 
the tidings of peace at Stony Creek. When in her early 'teens 
Agnes Roselle saw "As You Like It" with Modjeska as Rosalind. 
From that moment she determined that she would one day speak 
the lines of that part. She had played leading roles in many 
amateur performances, when one day a traveling company was 
threatened with disaster in her native town through the illness 
of one of its members. Miss Roselle stepped into the breach, 
and her success was instantaneous. Soon afterward she joined 
a company at Halifax. When she was nineteen years old Miss 
Roselle was married to Thomas Knott, a Canadian, assuming the 
stage name of Roselle Knott. Two children were born of this 
marriage Thomas Knott, Jr., and Viola Knott. Miss Knott's 
first role of importance was in Steele Mackaye's drama "Paul 
Kauvar." Augustus Pitou then engaged her for three years, pre- 
senting her first in the role of Nourmale in "The Cherry Pick- 
ers." An engagement with Richard Mansfield followed, in whose 
company she played all the leading roles. She played in Robert 
Mantell's company for a season, and subsequently won success 
as Lygia in the original production of "Quo Vadis." The next 
season she played the Empress Josephine in "More Than Queen," 
and then Katinka in Clyde Fitch's "A Modern Magdalen." This 
was followed by two seasons in "When Knighthood Was in 
Flower," after which she toured for a season in "Cousin Kate." 
The season of 1905-6 she again starred as Mary Tudor in "When 
Knighthood Was in Flower," playing fifty weeks. The fall of 
1906 Miss Knott starred in the title role in "The Duchess of 
Devonshire," a play written for her by Mrs. Charles A. Doremus, 
and on January 1, 1907, opened in "Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire," con- 
tinuing to star in the same play the season of 1907-8. 

KNOWLTON, Miss Maude: 

Actress, was born in California. She made her first stage 
appearance in 1898 at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, as Miss 
Brewster in "Trelawney of the Wells," and the following sea- 



272 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

son played Letty in "Brown's in Town" on tour. She supported 
J. H. Stoddart in "The Bonnie Briar Bush," and appeared with 
Edward Harrigan in "Under Cover." Her next work was at the 
Princess Theatre, New York, with H. Reeves Smith in "An Afri- 
can Millionaire." The spring of 1906 she played Mrs. Barring- 
ton in "What the Butler Saw" at the Garrick Theatre, New York, 
and the following season was with Rose Stahl in "The Chorur, 
Lady," playing Sylvia Simpson, in which she continued the sea- 
son of 1907-8. 

LACKAYE, Wilton: 

Actor, was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1862. He 
was educated at the College of Ottawa and at Georgetown Uni- 
versity, Washington, D. C. While studying law there he became 
president of the Lawrence Barrett Dramatic Association, with 
which he appeared in many amateur performances. He obtained 
an introduction to Lawrence Barrett, and in 1883 made his first 
appearance on the professional stage in Mr. Barrett's company 
at the Star Theatre, New York, his role being that of one of 
Paolo's friends in a production of "Francesca da Rimini." His 
most important part while with Mr. Barrett was that of Salarino 
in "The Merchant of Venice." After playing in stock in Dayton, 
Ohio, with the Carrie Swain company, and in "May Blossom," he 
joined Fanny Davenport's company in 1886, supporting her as 
Claudio in "Much Ado About Nothing," and playing in "Fedora" 
and "As You Like It." In 1887 Mr. Lackaye came into promi- 
nence by his portrayal of Robert Le Diable in the production of 
"Allan Dare" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, and at- 
tracted still more commendation the same year by his playing 
of Leo in William Gillette's version of "She" at Niblo's Garden. 
His Gouroc in "Paul Kauvar" followed, and his substantial suc- 
cess in this was repeated as Saviani with Rose Coghlan in "Jo- 
celyn" at the Star Theatre, New York. In 1889 he played Don 
Stephano with Minnie Maddern in "Featherbrain" at the Madi- 
son Square Theatre, New York, and Haverhill in "Shenandoah," 
and Gilchrist in "Booties' Baby" followed. Augustin Daly then 
engaged him, and at Niblo's Garden he appeared as De Noirville 
in "Roger La Honte" in 1899 with William Terriss and Jessie 
Millward, and at Daly's Theatre as O'Donnel Don in "The Great 
Unknown," also in 1899. After leaving Mr. Daly he appeared as 
Sir Barton in "My Jack," the Russian in "Colonel Tom," Latour 
in "The Dead Heart," Jack Adams in "Money Mad," Barillas in 
"The Pembertons," Jim Currie in "The Canuck," the title role in 
"Dr. Bill" and W. A. Brady's production of "Nero" (1890-1), and 
Steve Carson in "The Power of the Press." He then went to 




WILTON LACKAYE 



274 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

London, and for a short time played with the St. James's Theatre 
company. Returning to this country, he joined Charles Froh- 
man's stock company, appearing in it in 1892 as King Louis 
in "Pompadour," Perrin in "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows," and Jef- 
ferson Stockton in "Aristocracy." He was next engaged by A. M. 
Palmer for his stock company, and enacted leading roles in "Lady 
Windermere's Fan," "The Dancing Girl," "Saints and Sinners," 
"Alabama," "Jim the Penman," "Woman's Revenge," "The Ameri- 
can Heiress," "The Price of Silence," "The Transgressor," "New 
Blood," "The New Woman," and "The District Attorney." In 
1895 he made one of the greatest successes of his career in the 
creation of Svengali in "Trilby." In 1896 he played the title role 
in- Charles Klein's "Dr. Belgraff," and in 1897 that in Theodore 
Burt Sayre's "Charles O'Malley." In 1899 he played Reb Shemuel 
in Israel Zangwill's "Children of the Ghetto," both in New York 
and London. He was the Petronius of "Quo Vadis" in 1900; 
played the leading man's role in Augustus Thomas's "Colorado" 
in 1901-2, and was in the cast of Amelia Bingham's production of 
"A Modern Magdalen" in 1903. He made another marked suc- 
cess as Curtis Jadwin in W. A. Brady's production of "The Pit," 
a dramatization of Frank Norris's novel* which ran from 1903 
to 1906. The seasons of 1906-7 he starred as Jean Valjean in 
"The Law and the Man," a dramatization of Victor Hugo's "Lea 
Miserables," and the season of 1907-8 in "The Bondman." Mr. 
Lackaye married Miss Alice Evans September 25, 1896. 

LAMSON, Ernest: 

Actor, was born in Illinois. He began his professional career 
in 1892 with Walker Whiteside, playing comedy and character 
parts. T>he next two seasons he appeared in "Edgewood Folks.'' 
He next supported James A. Herne and Stuart Robson, and played 
several seasons in stock companies, making successes as Captain 
Merryweather in "The Lottery of Love," Spettigue in "Charley's 
Aunt," Dabney in "All the Comforts of Home," Kershaw in 
"Jane," and Knowlton in "The Lost Paradise." The season of 
1899-1900 he created the eccentric juvenile part of Lem Yarring- 
ton in David K. Higgins's comedy "Darius Green," later called 
"Up York State." He was the Lonny Bowles in "Caleb West," 
and was with David Higgins in "At Piney Ridge." He then origi- 
nated the part of Lem Dunbar in Arthur Sidman's "York State 
Folks." He then became a star and toured the country success- 
fully in a country comedy-drama, "Young Tobe Hoxie," of which 
he is the author. The season of 1905-6 he was the Dave Lacy of 
Paul Armstrong's "The Heir to the Hoorah." He is the author 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 275 

of several plays, including "Found in the Rockies" and "A Ro- 
mance of Bright Angel Trail." 

LANE, Miss Clara (Mrs. J. K. Murray) : 

Actress and singer, was born in Ellsworth, Me., but was 
taken to Boston, Mass., while a baby and regards that city as 
her home. After being graduated from the Dearborn School she 
studied music under John Hodgdon and Signer Oliveri. After 
church and amateur work Miss Lane made her first professional 
appearance in 1884 in "Virginia" with the Bijou Opera Stock 
Company. The next two seasons she was with Hoyt's "Rag Baby'' 
and "Tin Soldier" companies, after which she joined the Conried 
Opera Company, opening at the National Theatre, Washington, 
in "Nanon," and afterward playing Fiamette in "The Mascot," 
and Nina in "A Night in Venice." Her next engagement was 
with E. E. Rice in "The Corsair" in 1887. She then sang the 
prima donna part in "The Pearl of Pekin." Next followed four 
years with the Carleton Opera Company as prima donna. Dur- 
ing this engagement Miss Lane became the wife of John K. Mur- 
ray, whom she supported in "Glen da Lough," an Irish drama, 
produced in Boston in 1892-3. The Murray-Lane Opera Company 
was then formed, and successfully toured the West. During the 
illness of Lillian Russell, in 1895, Miss Lane took her part in 
"The Tzigane." She then joined the Castle Square Opera Com- 
pany, an organization with which she has several times been as- 
sociated. In addition to singing in opera companies, of recent 
years Miss Lane has appeared with her husband in operatic selec- 
tions in vaudeville houses. 

LANGTRY, Mrs. Lily (Mrs. Hugo Gerald de Bathe) : 

Actress, was born on the Island of Jersey, in the English 
Channel, October 13, 1852. She was the daughter of the Rev. 
W. C. E. De Breton, dean of Jersey. When she was only sixteen 
years old she was married to Edward Langtry, a wealthy English 
merchant. His wealth and her father's social standing gave her 
entrance into English society, her beauty making her the recog- 
nized belle, and her close personal friendship with the Prince or! 
Wales, now King Edward, made her famous. When she decided 
to go on the professional stage in January, 1882, the Prince and 
all his "set" attended her first appearance at the Haymarkec 
Theatre. It was a great social event. Her first part was Blanche 
Haye in "Ours," and she subsequently played Kate Hardcastle in 
"She Stoops to Conquer."' From a society leader Mrs. Langtrr 
quickly developed into an accomplished actress and an astute 
manager, with a keen eye on box office results. In the first six 



276 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

years of her professional career it is said that she accumulated 
a fortune of about half a million dollars touring America ami 
the English provinces. Her principal parts were Rosalind in 
"As You Like It," Cleopatra, Esther Sandraz, Lady Clancarty and 
the leading role in Sydney Grundy's "The Degenerates." Nearly 
twenty years ago Mrs. Langtry forswore her allegiance to the 
Queen of England, the friendship of whose eldest son had brought 
her fame and fortune, and became an American citizen. She 
bought a large ranch in California and spent much of her time 
in this country. At one time she had a summer cottage in Long 
Branch, N. J., where she entertained lavishly, but in bohemian 
fashion. Under her own management she made several tours of 
the world, playing in the principal English-speaking cities of 
every continent. Both she and her husband obtained divorces, 
she in America and he in England. In 1897 Mr. Langtry died, a 
poor and broken-down man. Two years later Mrs. Langtry mar- 
ried Hugo Gerald de Bathe, eldest son of Sir Henry de Bathe, 
Bart., a man nearly a quarter of a century her junior. Mrs. Lang- 
try at one time owned a large racing establishment at Regal 
Lodge, Newmarket, England, racing under the name of "Mr. Jer- 
sey," her most famous horse being Merman, which won many of 
the English classic races. Her latest, most successful play was 
"Mrs. Bering's Divorce," by Percy Fendall. In the season of 
1905-6 she played repertoire with her own company in South 
Africa, and afterward was seen in vaudeville in this country. She 
was acting in England the season of 1907-8. 

LAUGHLIN, Miss Anna (Mrs. Dwight Van Monroe) : 

Actress, was born in Sacramento, Cal., October 11, 1885. Her 
first stage appearance was as Arthur May, a child part, in "Rose- 
dale" at the Grove Street Theatre, San Francisco, September 12, 
1892. After a season as Little Eva with Peter Jackson and "Par- 
son" Davies in an "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company, she played Su- 
zanne La Ronke in "Roger La Honte" at the Stockwell Theatre, 
San Francisco, and another season with the same "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin" company. She next created the role of Marjorie in Ar- 
thur C. Sidman's "A Summer Shower," starred in "Little Lord 
Fauntleroy," and created the part of Blind Ruth in "A Man 
Without a Country" at the American Theatre, New York. After 
a season as Editha in "Editha's Burglar" she appeared for three 
years in vaudeville, giving imitations of Mrs. Leslie Carter, and 
played two years with the Wilbur Opera Company. She created 
the soubrette role on the Casino roof, New York, in "The Casino 
Boy," and was the leading soubrette in "The Belle of Bohemia" 
in London and America, Roxana Rocks in "The Casino Girl," and 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 277 

soubrette with Dan Daly in "'The New Yorkers." For three years 
she was Dorothy in "The Wizard of Oz," this role being one of 
her most marked successes. The role of Bonnie in "The Land of 
Nod" was followed by two months in vaudeville in New York 
and the role of Dolly Dainty in "His Majesty" at the Majestic 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1907-8 Miss Laughlin was in 
"The Top o' the World," produced at the Majestic Theatre, New 
York, October 19, 1907. Miss Laughlin was married July 12, 1904, 
to Dwight Van Monroe, a New York jeweler. 

LAWRENCE, Gerald: 

Actor, was born in England, and made his first appearance 
as a member of F. R. Benson's company, playing Shakespearian 
repertoire. He made a tour of South Africa with Lillian Braith- 
waite, a well-known actress, who was his first wife. This mar- 
riage was afterward dissolved. Mr. Lawrence was for a time a 
member of Beerbohm Tree's company at His Majesty's Theatre, 
London, and he then became leading juvenile man with Sir 
Henry Irving, remaining in the company until the death of the 
famous English actor. On May 20, 1906, Mr. Lawrence married 
Fay Davis, the American actress, in Boston. In January, 1906, 
Mr. Lawrence appeared in "The Prince of India" at the Broad- 
way Theatre, New York, and afterward was seen in "The Dear 
Unfair Sex" in support of Ellis Jeffreys in New York. 

LAWRENCE, Miss Lillian: 

Actress, was born in Alexandria, Va. Her early life was 
spent in San Francisco, where, as a child, she made her first 
appearance on the stage as the Queen's Knight in the living 
chess game, which was a feature of the comic opera "The Royal 
Middy," at the Bush Street Theatre. Until she was sixteen years 
old she sang in light opera at the California Theatre with Emily 
Melville. Then for two years she was in a stock company iu 
Oakland, Cal. She made her first appearance in New York in 
1892, supporting Hortense Rhea. After a summer stock season 
in Dayton, Ohio, she played Henrietta in "The Two Orphans 1 ' 
with Kate Claxton. Engagements in New York with Minnie Se- 
ligman in "Lady Gladys" at the Madison Square Theatre, and 
with Katherine Clemmens at the Fifth Avenue in "Mrs. Dascott," 
were followed by tours in "In Old Kentucky" and in Carrie Tur- 
ner's company. The following year she appeared in "The Crust 
of Society" under the management of Charles Frohman. She 
then played Shakespearian parts with Thomas W. Keene. On 
May 3, 1897, Miss Lawrence began an engagement with the CastlQ 



278 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Square Stock Company, in Boston, which lasted many seasons 
and during which she played more than one hundred leading 
parts, and then formed the stock company at the Globe Theatre, 
Boston. The season of 1907-8 she was seen in "The Boys of 
Company B." 

IE BARON, Miss Louise: 

Actress and singer, was born in Winchester, Mass., and edu- 
cated in Boston, where she studied singing. She made her first 
appearance on the stage there at the Colonial Theatre July 2, 
1904, playing Alan-a-Dale in "Robin Hood" with the Bostonians. 
August 29, the same year, she opened with the Fritzi Scheff Opera 
Company, playing Lady Jane in "Two Roses," and afterward ap- 
pearing as Princess Lydia in "Fatinitza," and Fiametta in "Boc- 
caccio." The season of 1905-6 she played Marie Louise de Bou- 
vray in "Mile. Modiste." She made a further study of singing 
for a year, and joined the Castle Square Company in Boston 
April 29, 1907, playing, among other parts, Jessa in "The Gondo- 
liers," Lydia Hawthorne in "Dorothy," Lady Angela in "Pa- 
tience," Fiametta in "La Mascotte," etc. Miss Le Baron's home 
is at 229 West Forty-fifth street, New York City. 

LEE, Richard L. : 

Actor, was born in New York City June 1, 1872, and was edu- 
cated at Trinity Chapel School that city. He made his first ap- 
pearance at the Union Square Theatre, New York, playing Blue, 
the detective, in "The Kentucky Colonel" under the management 
of McKee Rankin in September, 1892. He was next seen with 
Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Drew's company in "That Girl from Mexico." 
He then played Brisemouche in "A Scrap of Paper," Potter in 
"Still Waters Run Deep," and Dan Driscoll in "The Emergency 
Man" for two seasons. Other parts in which he has scored are 
Frank Popham in "Forgiven," Toby Twinkle in "All That Glit- 
ters," Eccles and Stim Gerridge in "Caste," Blizzard in "Confu- 
sion," Gaston in "Camille," etc. He played the Irish Doorkeeper 
in "Tommy Rot," and Rube in "Fad and Folly" with Mrs. Os- 
born's players. He was with "Checkers" for three seasons, and 
the season of 1906-7 he was the Flute in Wagenhals & Kemper'? 
production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" with Miss Annie 
Russell. The season of 1907-8 he was seen in "Miss Hook of 
Holland." Mr. Lee enlisted as an ordinary seaman and served 
throughout the Spanish-American War aboard the U. S. S. Yan- 
kee. He was mustered out of the service September 2, 1898. His 
home is at 102 West Eighty-fifth street, New York City. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 279 

LEHAR, Franz: 

Composer, was born in Komorn, Austria, April 30, 1870, his 
father, the son of a small farmer, being at the time a musical 
director in the Austrian Army. Franz composed his first song 
when he was six years old and dedicated it to his mother. At 
eleven he went to study at a German gymnasium at Sternberg, 
and a year later became a student at the Conservatory of Music 
at Prague. In 1887 he submitted two compositions to Dvorak, 
and a year later, having graduated, he became concert master 
at the combined city theatres in Barmen-Elberfeld at a salary of 
about thirty-five dollars a month. Breaking his contract there, 
in 1889, he entered his father's regimental band and soon after 
became military musical director in Losonez. His first dramatic 
composition was an opera called "Der Kurassier. " His first pro- 
duced work was "Kuska," an opera, later called "Titania," which 
was heard in Leipzig November 12, 1896. A succession of operas 
followed, but gained little success. Then Lehar tried his hand 
at light or comic operetta. The work known in this country as 
"The Merry Widow" was produced in Vienna early in 1905 and 
achieved almost instantaneous success. For three successive sea- 
sons it was the rage of Vienna, Berlin and London. After a few 
weeks in minor cities, it had its metropolitan production in this 
country at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, October 21, 
1907. 

LEMOYNE, Mrs. Sarah Cowell: 

Actress and elocutionist, was born in New York, and made 
her first professional appearance in 1878 at the Union Square 
Theatre there in A. M. Palmer's stock company, playing in "The 
Two Orphans," "French Flats," "The Banker's Daughter," 
"Mother and Son," "A False Friend" and other plays. She stayed 
with this organization three seasons, and then decided that her 
field was that of the reader and elocutionist, gaining especial dis- 
tinction as an interpreter of Robert Browning. In 1884 she vis- 
ited England, and was successful as a reciter and reader. Re- 
turning to the American stage, Mrs. Lemoyne made a remarkable 
success in the part of the Dowager Duchess de Coutras in Henri 
Lavedan's comedy "Catherine," and also as Mrs. Lorimer in "The 
Moth and the Flame." In 1899 Mrs. Lemoyne starred in "The 
Greatest Thing in the World," by Harriet Ford and Beatrice De 
Mille. The following year she played the Queen in Browning's 
tragedy, "In a Balcony," Otis Skinner being the Norbert and 
Eleanor Robson the Constance. In 1906 she appeared in "Pippa 
Passes," by Browning, at the Majestic Theatre, New York. In 



280 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

1888 Sarah Cowell was married to the late William J. Lemoyne, 
and has since used her married name upon the stage. 

LENNON, Nestor Forbes Richardson: 

Actor, was born in Richmond, Va., in 1863. He studied act- 
ing at a college of oratory in New York, and made his first ap- 
pearance there as an amateur in 1879, playing a small part in 
"Antony and Cleopatra." His first professional engagement was 
with Lawrence Barrett when he was only seventeen years old, 
his first part being the Messenger in "Othello" at Des Moines, 
Iowa. The same year, 1881, he played in "Othello" with Booth 
and Barrett at the Academy of Music, New York. His first prin- 
cipal part was Henry Marston in "The Professor" at the Madi- 
son Square Theatre, New York, in 1883. His first pronounced 
success was as Anthony March in "Called Back" at the Fifth 
Avenue Theatre, New York, under the management of A. M. 
Palmer. Other parts in which Mr. Lennon has been successful 
are Ruby Darrell in "Hearts of Oak," Dike Hampton in "The 
Minute Men," Lord Clifford in "Jack Cade," lago in "Othello," 
under James Collier's management; Prince Ferdinand in "The 
Tempest" at McVickers's Theatre, Chicago; Max de Lieussiers 
in Sardou's "Exiles," the Artist in ''The Noble Rogue" with 
Steele Mackay in Chicago, and afterward in the same play, re- 
named "Money Mad," at the Standard Theatre, New York. He 
played Rudolph in the revival of "The Black Crook" at the New 
York Academy of Music, and has since played hundreds of lead- 
ing parts. The season of 1905-6 he starred in a repertoire of 
such plays as "\vhen We Were Twenty-one," "My Partner," and 
"Hearts Aflame." He played in "Brewster's Millions" during 
the seasons of 1906-7-8. He is expert at boxing, swimming and 
horseback riding. 

LESLIE, Miss Elsie (Mrs. Jefferson Winter) : 

Actress, daughter of B. Tanner Lyde, was born in New York 
City August 14, 1881, and educated by private tutors here and 
abroad. She made her first appearance when five years old as 
Little Meenie in "Rip Van Winkle" with the late Joseph Jeffer- 
son at Columbus, Ohio, and the following year appeared as Hen- 
drick in the same company and play. The season of 1887-8 she 
made her first marked success as Editha in "Editha's Burglar" at 
the old Lyceum Theatre, New York, with E. H. Sothern as the 
Burglar. So pleased was Mrs. Burnett with Miss Leslie's por- 
trayal of the role that she stipulated the young actress should 
originate the title part in "Little Lord Fauntleroy," and the fol- 
lowing season she opened in that play at the Boston Museum. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 28L 

For the next three years Miss Leslie starred under Daniel Froh- 
man in Mark Twain's "The Prince and the Pauper," playing the 
dual role. She opened at Philadelphia in the fall of 1889 and 
played the remainder of her engagement at the Broadway Thea- 
tre, New York. Then she retired from the stage and took up> 
her studies again. On October 10, 1898, she returned to the pro- 
fession as Jefferson's leading woman at the Fifth Avenue Thea- 
tre, New York, playing Lydia Languish in "The Rivals." Sub- 
sequently she appeared as Dot in "The Cricket on the Hearth." 
In 1900 she became co-star with E. J. Morgan in "The Chris- 
tian" as Glory Quayle under the Liebler management. The fall 
of 1907 she played the leading female role in "The Man on the 
Case" under Walter N. Lawrence's management. She then toured 
in "The Man on the Box" with Jameson Lee Finney. Miss Leslie 
was married to Jefferson Winter, actor and son of William Win- 
ter, the critic, on August 27, 1901. Her home is at 17 Third 
avenue, New Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 

LESSING, Miss Madge: 

Actress, was born in London, England, and in 1894 came to 
America to appear at the Casino Theatre, New York, as Lady 
Tom-a-Line in "The Passing Show." On June 29, 1896, she was 
seen at that theatre in "In Gay New York," and in the fall of 
that year played the role of Jack Hubbard in "Jack and the Bean- 
stalk." In May, 1897, she appeared in "The Whirl of the Town'' 
as Dimples. She subsequently was seen in numerous musical 
comedies, and on December 26, 1900, made her first London ap- 
pearance in "Sleeping Beauty and the Beast" at the Drury Lane 
Theatre. In April, 1902, she appeared as Eliza Carter in "All on 
Account of Eliza" at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London; in 1903 
as Little Em'ly in "Em'ly," and then returned to America, tour- 
ing in "Erminie" with Francis Wilson. The year following she 
toured with De Wolf Hopper in "Wang," then returned to Lon- 
don, appearing as Aurora Brue in "Sergeant Brue" at the Prince 
of Wales's Theatre. The season of 1906-7 she was seen as Elsie 
in "Noah's Ark" at the Waldorf Theatre, London. The season 
of 1907-8 she played in "The Prince of Pilsen" in Paris, France. 

LESTER, Miss Kate: 

Actress, was born in Shouldam Thorpe, Norfolk, England. 
One of her ancestors, Sir William Butts, was physician to King 
Henry VIII, and appears as one of the characters in Shake- 
speare's "King Henry VIII." His portrait, painted by Holbein, 
now hangs in the National Gallery at London. Miss Lester made 
her first appearance, after a year's study with Dion Boucicault, 



282 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in "Partners" at the old Madison Square Theatre, New York, 
with the Madison Square Stock Company when Alexander Sal- 
vini was its leading man. She afterward played Ruth Rolt in 
Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" under the management of Charles 
Frohman. Her continued success in minor parts led to her en- 
gagement as his leading woman by Richard Mansfield in 1891, 
and she continued to support him for the two following years. 
The next year she was with Marie Burroughs on her starring 
tour. There followed three seasons with William H. Crane, two 
with Mary Mannering and one with Julia Marlowe. In 1905 Miss 
Lester played with John Drew's company in "The Duke of Killi- 
crankie." In 1906 she appeared with the "Brown of Harvard" 
company at the Princess Theatre, New York, and continued with 
it two seasons. 

LEVEY, Miss Ethel (Grace Ethelia) : 

Comedienne and dancer, was born in San Francisco, Novem- 
ber 22, 1880. She appeared in amateur theatricals from the time 
she was eight years old as an elocutionist and pianiste. She made 
her professional dbut at the Columbia Theatre, San Francisco, 
New Year's eve, 1897, with Hoyt's "A Milk White Flag" in a 
coon song specialty. Her first popular success was made at a 
Sunday night concert at Weber & Fields's Music Hall, New York. 
It led to an engagement in Koster & Bial's Music Hall, New 
York, which lasted for twenty weeks, after which she signed with 
Weber & Fields. The first season Miss Levey entered the vaude- 
ville field she appeared with a company headed by Joe Hart and 
Carrie De Mar. She next joined the Hyde & Behman Specialty 
Company to be with George M. Cohan, whom she had married 
the previous summer. She then appeared in all of George M. 
Cohan's productions, including "Running for Office," "The Gov- 
ernor's Son," "Little Johnny Jones," and "George Washington, 
Jr.," until 1906. She obtained a divorce from Mr. Cohan Febru- 
ary 18, 1907. The season of 1907-8 she was in vaudeville. 

LEWIS, Miss Ada: 

Actress, was born in New York, but spent her early life in 
San Francisco, where she made her first appearance in "Siberia" 
at the Alcazar Theatre. After considerable experience on the 
Pacific Coast Miss Lewis joined Edward Harrigan, making her 
first appearance in New York December 29, 1890 as Kitty Lynch 
in "Reilly and the 400." Since then she has been seen as a tough 
girl in many productions, notably with Peter F. Dailey in "The 
Country Sport"; with May Irwin in "The Widow Jones" and 
"Courted Into Court," and with the Rogers Brothers in "A Reign 





ETHEL LEVEY 



284 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

of Error" and "The Rogers Brothers in Wall Street." She was 
seen with Peter Dailey in "The Hall of Fame," and then sup- 
ported Blanche Bates in "The Darling of the Gods." The sea- 
son of 1905-6 she played in "Fritz in Tammany Hall," and "The 
Press Agent." The following season she was in "The Social 
Whirl" at the Casino Theatre, New York, and the season of 
1907-8 she played in "Fascinating Flora" at the same theatre. 

LEWIS, Frederick: 

Actor, was born in Oswego, N. Y., February 14, 1873, being 
the son of James L. and Jeanette Virginia Lewis. His first ap- 
pearance on the professional stage was in 1891. For three or 
four years thereafter he played with various road companies, 
and later became a member of the Lyceum Stock Company, New 
York, playing in "When a Man's Married," a curtain raiser to 
"The First Gentleman of Europe." After a season in "The Pris- 
oner of Zenda" he played Charley Underholt in "My Friend from 
India," and Lieutenant Telfair in "The Heart of Maryland." A 
season with George Fawcett as leading juvenile man of his Balti- 
more Stock Company led to his becoming leading man for two 
seasons, in one of which, with Mary Shaw as star, part of the 
company gave a series of matinees of Ibsen's "Ghosts" at the 
Manhattan Theatre, New York, Mr. Lewis playing the part of Os- 
wald Alving. The matinees were also given at Mrs. Osborn's 
Playhouse, New York. Mr. Lewis next appeared as Orlando iu. 
"As You Like It," supporting Henrietta Crosman; starred in a 
dramatization of the life of Edgar Allan Poe, called "The Raven," 
and appeared at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, as Pro- 
fessor Arnold Rubek in Ibsen's "When We Dead Awake." In the 
meantime he played in summer stock companies in Rochester 
and New York. The seasons of 1905-6-7 he was leading man with 
E. H. Sothern and Julia Marlowe, playing Mercutio in "Romeo 
and Juliet," Bassanio in "The Merchant of Venice," Duke Orsino 
in "Twelfth Night," Don Pedro in "Much Ado About Nothing," 
and Horatio in "Hamlet." He is a member of The Lambs and 
The Players, and is fond of all out-of-door sports. 

LIPMAN, Miss Clara (Mrs. Louis Mann) : 

Actress, was born in Chicago. She made her first appear- 
ance on the stage in Kiralfy's "The Bat Catcher." She next 
played the ingenue role in Madame Modjeska's production of 
"Odette," and created the leading woman's part in "Incog." un- 
der the management of the late A. M. Palmer. She afterward 
played leading juvenile parts with Mitterwurzer, the German star, 
in Chicago. Becoming the wife of Louis Mann, the comedian, she 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 285 

starred with him in "The Laughing Girl," "The Strange Adven- 
tures of Miss Brown," and "The Telephone Girl," and created the 
part of Julie Bon Bon in "The Girl from Paris," making her 
greatest success in that role. She afterward starred in many 
musical comedies with her husband. The season of 1905-6 they 
starred in a comedy called "Julie Bon Bon," written by Miss 
Lipman. Miss Lipman's New York address is 310 West One Hun- 
dred and First street. 

XITTLEFIELD, Miss Emma (Mrs. Victor Frederick Moore) : 
Actress, was born in New York City January 12, 1883, and 
was educated in the public schools there. She made her first 
stage appearance in Fall River, Mass., in "In Atlantic City" Sep- 
tember 6, 1901, and later was the soubrette in "Town Topics," and 
"'Side Tracked." In 1903 she went into vaudeville with a female 
partner, and two years later joined Victor Moore in his one-act 
sketch, "Change Your Act." The season of 1906-7 she played the 
role of Flora Dora Dean in "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway." 
The season of 1907-8 she was seen as Isabelle McFadden in George 
M. Cohan's "The Talk of New York," produced at the Knicker- 
bocker Theatre, New York, December 3, 1907. Miss Littlefield 
married Victor Moore, actor, June 26, 1903. Her home is at 148 
West Sixty-seventh street, New York. 

LOFTUS, Miss Cecilia (Marie Cissie) : 

Actress, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1876, baing the 
daughter of Marie Loftus, a well-known English vaudeville singer 
and dancer. Miss Loftus was educated in convent schools in 
England, and in one of them played Ariel in a performance of 
"The Tempest." She showed such extraordinary talent for 
mimicry when she was only fifteen years old that she was taken 
from school and, as Cissie Loftus, put at the head of the bill 
at the Oxford Music Hall, London, where her imitations of well- 
known actresses caused her almost immediately to become a star. 
After a brief season in musical comedy, at the Gaiety Theatre, 
Miss Loftus again returned to vaudeville. In 1896 she broke her 
professional engagement and eloped with Justin Huntly McCar- 
thy, the novelist and son of a leader of the Irish party in the 
English House of Commons. The marriage did not prove a suc- 
cess, and they were divorced in the United States some years 
later. In 1898 Miss Loftus appeared in "The Children of the 
King" with Martin Harvey at the Court Theatre, London. The 
following year she again abandoned the legitimate stage and went, 
to the United States, giving her imitations at the vaudeville 
houses. She afterward appeared in New York in comedy under 



286 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

the management of Charles Frohman with such success that she 
was engaged by the late Sir Henry Irving as successor to Ellen 
Terry, and with him she played Marguerite in "Faust" at the 
Lyceum Theatre, London, in 1903. The following season she 
was starred by Mr. Frohman in this country. In 1905 she played 
"Peter Pan" at the Duke of York's Theatre, London. In 1906 she 
was seen in this country in a vaudeville sketch, "The Diamond 
Express." The season of 1906-7 she was in "The Dream City" at 
Weber's Theatre, New York, and later was joint star with Law- 
ranee D'Orsay in "The Lancers." 

LONG, John Luther: 

Playwright, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1861, and was 
educated at the public schools there. His best-known plays are 
"The Darling of the Gods," written in collaboration with David 
Belasco and produced at the Belasco Theatre, New York, with 
Blanche Bates in the title role in 1905; "Madame Butterfly," a 
one-act drama; "Dolce," and "Adrea," also in conjunction with 
Belasco and produced at the Belasco Theatre, New York, with 
Mrs. Leslie Carter in the leading role in 1906. He has written 
numerous short plays and stories. Mr. Long's home is in Ash- 
bourne, Pa. 

LONGFELLOW, Miss Stephanie: 

Actress; is a niece of the poet, Henry W. Longfellow. When 
she left school she became understudy to Miss Mabelle Oilman 
in "The Runaway Girl" under the management of the late Au- 
gustin Daly. She then played Susan in "When Johnny Comes 
Marching Home," and afterward Poppy in "San Toy." Forsaking 
musical comedy, she played ingenue parts in the F. F. Proctor 
Stock Company, the Broadway Theatre Stock Company of Den- 
ver, and the Empire Stock Company of Boston. The season of 
1906-7 she was with "The Cow Puncher." The season of 1907-8 
she played the part of Pert in "Checkers." 

LONNON, Miss Alice (Alice Lonnon Perkins Lonsdale) : 

Actress, was born in Oakland, Cal., December 28, 1872, being 
the daughter of Joseph and Charlotte Perkins. She was educated 
in San Francisco, and before going on the stage taught elocution 
and expression. She made her first appearance in January, 1897, 
at the Baldwin Theatre, San Francisco, as Teresa in "Magda" 
with Mme. Modjeska under the management of Al. Hayman. The 
same year she played short engagements with Joseph Haworth, 
T. D. Frawley and Frank Bacon on the Coast. The seasons of 
1898-9 and 1900 she appeared in repertoire with L. R. Stockwell, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 287 

Clay Clement and others, and in November, 1900, joined E. S. 
Willard, with whom she played seven seasons as leading woman, 
appearing in "The Rogue's Comedy," "All for Her," "Tom Pinch" 
and numerous other plays. The season of 1903-4 she went to 
London with Mr. Willard, appearing as Filiberta in "The Car- 
dinal" at the St. James Theatre. The seasons of 1905-6-7 she 
played all the leads in Mr. Willard's repertoire on tour. On No- 
vember 4, 1907, she was seen at Wallack's Theatre, New York, as 
Kathleen in Sir Gilbert Parker's "The Right of Way." Miss Loii- 
non married H. Gettus Lonsdale, an actor, March 20, 1899. She 
has a cousin, Paul Pilkington, on the stage. 

LORAINE, Robert: 

Actor, was born in England, being the son of the late Henry 
Loraine, a well-known tragedian. He made his first appearance 
in the provinces in 1889, and was not seen in London until Janu- 
ary 7, 1896, when he played Tony in "The Prisoner of Zenda" at 
the St. James Theatre. After important engagements at Drury 
Lane and other London theatres Mr. Loraine went to South 
Africa as a volunteer and saw much service during the Boer 
War. He made his first appearance in this country at the Knick- 
erbocker Theatre, New York, as Ralph Percy in "To Have and 
To Hold" March 4, 1901. An appearance as Henry V in a revival 
in London followed and, returning to the United States, Mr. 
Loraine appeared as David Garrick with Miss Grace George in 
"Pretty Peggy" in 1903. The following year he played in "The 
Mysterious Mr. Bugle," and "The Idler." He appeared as Lieut. 
Von Lauffen in "Taps" at the Lyric Theatre, New York, Septem- 
ber 17, 1904, and as King Edward IV in "The Lady Shore" the 
season of 1904-5. After playing in "The Proud Laird" at the 
Manhattan Theatre, New York, the spring of 1905, on September 
5 of the same year he was seen as John Tanner in "Man and 
Superman" at the Hudson Theatre, New York, playing it two 
seasons in this country and in London, England, the summer of 
1907. 

LORIMER, Wright: 

Actor, was born at Athol, Worcester County, Mass., March 10, 
1874, and was educated at Colgate University, this country, and 
Oxford University, England. His first stage experience was in 
1899, when he acted as a "super" with the Dearborn Stock Com- 
pany, Chicago. Before the end of the season he played speaking 
parts and then toured in "The Three Musketeers." For two sea- 
sons he played the leading part in "The Power Behind the 
Throne," and then decided to star in his own play, "The Shep- 



.288 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ierd King," which had its first production at the Knickerbocker 
Theatre, New York, April 5, 1904, and continued in favor for 
three seasons. During that time Mr. Lorimer also appeared as 
Hjalmar Ekdal in Ibsen's "Wild Duck." The season of 1907-8 
he starred in "The Quicksands," by Alicia Ramsey and Rudolph 
de Cordova. 

XOTTA: 

See Crabtree, Miss Charlotte. 

LOWBIE, Miss Jeanette (Mrs. Thomas Q. Seabrooke) : 

Actress, was born in Cardiff, Wales, but came to this country 
as a child. She made her first stage appearance as Kitty Ives 
in "The Wife," and then played ingenue parts with Clara Mor- 
ris and Roland Reed. She first appeared with Mr. Seabrooke, 
whom she subsequently married, in "The Speculator." After en- 
gagements with E. H. Sothern in "An Enemy of the King," and 
with the "Sporting Life" and "Mile. Fifi" companies, she was 
.seen with Mr. Seabrooke in "The Rounders." Her next engage- 
ments were in "Florodora," "King Highball," and "Sally in Our 
Alley." She then made a big success as the Lady Lunatic in 
"The Wizard of Oz." Following engagements were at the Broad- 
way Theatre, New York, in "The Medal and the Maid," and with 
Lew Fields in "It Happened in Nordland." The season of 1906-7 
Miss Lowrie played Griselda in "The Free Lance," and the fall 
of 1907 she starred in "Yama," opening at the Walnut Street 
Theatre, Philadelphia. She then went into vaudeville. 

XITBY, Miss Edna : 

Actress and mimic, was born in New York October 12, 1884, 
and was taken to London by her parents when a baby. She was 
educated in England, and first attracted attention by mimicking 
her schoolfellows. When she was ten years old she began to 
study for the stage, taking lessons in elocution from Genevieve 
Ward, the famous actress. Returning to this country, she made 
her first appearance, when she was sixteen years old, at the Gar- 
den Theatre, New York, as Dorothy Wood berry in "Hearts Are 
Trumps," produced in 1900 by Charles Frohman, and after a little 
while, having understudied the part, she played Dora, the prin- 
cipal role. She continued under the management of Charles 
Frohman the following three seasons, and made her first con- 
spicuous success in the part of Estelle in "The Two Schools" at 
the Madison Square Theatre, New York, taking the place of the 
leading woman. After playing in "To Have and To Hold," and 
"The New Clown," Miss Luby went into vaudeville, appearing at 




EDNA LUBY 



290 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Tony Pastor's Theatre, New York. She was with Fritzi Scheff 
in "Babette" for a season at the Broadway Theatre, New York, 
and she then went into vaudeville again, giving her well-known 
imitations and appearing at all the Keith & Proctor and Percy- 
Williams houses. The season of 1906-7 she was with Anna Held 
in "The Parisian Model" at the Broadway Theatre, New York, 
and then was seen in "Fascinating Flora" at the Casino Theatre, 
New York. She appeared subsequently on the New York roof in 
"Follies of 1907." The season of 1907-8 she returned to vaude- 
ville. Miss Luby's New York address is 2610 Broadway. 

LYONS, Miss Gretchen (Mrs. Lucius Henderson) : 

Actress, was born in India, where her father, the late Ed- 
mund D. Lyons, a well-known actor, and his wife, a dancer 
known on the stage as Jeanette Thompson, were fulfilling an 
engagement. As a baby she was taken to England, and made her 
first appearance on the stage there when only six months old. 
When three years old she acted the child in "Deacon Brody," in 
which the late E. J. Henley starred in this country. She ap- 
peared in the drama called "Human Nature," but known in this 
country as "In the Soudan," on its first production at Drury 
Lane Theatre, London, and she also played the title role in 
"Jack in the Box." About 1890 she came to this country with 
her father, and has since played in the companies of Richard 
Mansfield, J. K. Hackett, Kyrle Bellew, Otis Skinner, etc. She 
made one of her greatest successes in the farce "The Mysterious 
Mr. Bugle" on its production in Chicago. 

McGILVRAY, Miss Laura (Mrs. Frank Gillmore) : 

Actress, was born in Chicago, her birth name being Mac Gil- 
livray. Her first desire was to become a reader, and she achieved 
success in that line, particularly in Toronto, Ottawa and the 
neighboring cities. Her stage debut was made as Wilbur's Ann 
in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." Then followed a long tour as 
Lady Windermere in "Lady Windermere's Fan." In E. M. Hol- 
land's production of "A Social Highwayman" at the Garrick 
Theatre, New York, Miss McGilvray played the part of the 
French maid. After her marriage in 1896 to Frank Gillmore she 
and her husband went to London. While there she was a mem- 
ber of John Hare's company for three years, being in the origi- 
nal cast of "The Gay Lord Quex. " Her recent appearances in 
this country have been with Mrs. Fiske. One season she played 
Amelia in "Becky Sharpe," and little Abraham in "Tess." In 
the run of Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" at the Manhattan Theatre, 
New York, Miss McGilvray played Mrs. Elvested. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 291 

McINTOSH, Burr: 

Actor, was born in Wellsville, Ohio, August 11, 1862, and was 
educated in Pittsburg, Pa.; at Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., and 
at Princeton, where he was prominent in all athletic sports. Be- 
fore going on the stage he was a newspaper man, having been 
on the editorial staff of the Philadelphia News. He made his 
first professional appearance in Hartley Campbell's "Paquita" at 
the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, August 21, 1885. After 
one season on the stage he returned to newspaper work. In 1888 
he again became an actor, playing many prominent parts, and 
making his greatest success as Taffy in "Trilby" on its first pro- 
duction in this country. A few years ago Mr. Mclntosh left the 
stage, to devote himself to photography and the publication of 
Burr Mclntosh' s Monthly. He accompanied W. H. Taft and Miss 
Alice Roosevelt on their memorable trip to the Philippines as 
official photographer, and afterward lectured on the experience. 
In September, 1907, Mr. Mclntosh was seen in vaudeville in a 
sketch called "The Colonel's Christmas Eve," after which he con- 
tinued to lecture in vaudeville houses. 

McINTYRE and HEATH (James Mclntyre; George Heath) : 

Actors and negro minstrels; have been so intimately asso- 
ciated for so many years that separate sketches of their careers 
would be mere repetitions. Mr. Mclntyre was born in Kenosha, 
Wis., in 1857, and Mr. Heath in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1852. As 
children living in the South, the boys studied the language and 
characteristics of the negro "befo' de war." They have made a 
close study of their subject since. Mclntyre and Heath joined 
forces in 1874 and have worked together ever since. Before that 
Mr. Mclntyre was with Kate Putnam, touring the South, doing a 
clog dance and playing Little Willie in "East Lynne." In 1869 
he joined a wagon circus, to sing and dance, traveling through 
the mountains of Alabama. When the team first came together 
their joint salary was twenty dollars a week. They made their 
first important success in Chicago, where they introduced buck 
and wing dancing, which was unknown on the stage at that 
time, and their salary jumped to one hundred dollars a week. In. 
1876 they introduced buck and wing dancing at Tony Pastor's, 
in New York, and made another hit. Then they gradually dropped 
dancing and took up the comedy side of stage work. One of their 
most successful acts is "The Georgia Minstrels." This skit is 
still utilized by them. For the last three seasons Mclntyre and 
Heath have been seen in "The Ham Tree" under the manage- 
ment of Klaw & Erlanger. 



292 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

McLAUGHIIN, Miss Millicent: 

Actress, was born in Wilnecote, London, England, and edu- 
cated at the Royal College of Music, London, and under M. 
Bouhy in Paris, appearing for several years, before making her 
professional debut, on the concert stage. On July 1, 1902, she 
appeared as Iris in "The Tempest," and later came to America 
to tour with Edith Wynne Matthison throughout the United 
States, under Ben Greet's management, appearing as Knowledge 
in "Everyman," and small parts in Shakespearian repertoire. 
She then returned to London and was seen in "Merely Mary 
Ann," "Peggy Machree," and as Stella in "His Excellency the 
Governor." The season of 1905-6 she toured with Sothern and 
Marlowe in repertoire. The season of 1906-7 she appeared in 
"Ranson's Folly," and that of 1907-8 was seen in "Classmates'* 
with Robert Edeson. Her address is 117 East Thirty-fourth 
street, New York. 

McLAURIN, Miss Kate: 

Actress, was born in Yazoo City, Miss., in 1885, and educated 
at private school there. Later she attended the Anna Morgan 
School in Chicago, where her taste for theatricals developed, and 
she became prominent in amateur dramatic clubs of that city. 
She made her first stage appearance in "The Daughters of Men" 
in 1906, also understudying Dorothy Donnelly, the leading woman. 
The season of 1907-8 she supported Edgar Selwyn in "Strong- 
heart" on tour. 

McLELLAN, C. M. S. : 

Playwright, who first wrote under the name of Hugh Morton, 
was born in 1865 in Maine. He is a brother of George McLellan, 
theatrical manager. He first was a journalist, at one time being 
editor of Toicn Topics. He wrote the librettos of "The Belle of 
New York," "The Whirl of the Town," "In Gay New York," "An 
American Beauty," "The Telephone Girl," "Yankee Doodle Dan- 
dy," "The Wire Walker" and other musical pieces. He came into 
notice as a writer of serious drama with "Leah Kleschna," pro- 
duced in New York by Mrs. Fiske the season of 1905-6. He is 
also the author of "On the Love Path," played at the Haymarket 
Theatre, London, in the same year, and "The Jury of Fate," pro- 
duced at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London, in 1906. 

McMILLEN, Miss Violet (Mrs. G. W. Bird) : 

Actress, was born in Grand Rapids, March 4, 1885, and was 
graduated from the public schools and High School in that city. 
She made her first professional appearance there in vaudeville 



294 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in 1903, under the management of E. D. Stair, making such a 
success that Mr. Stair wrote a special part for her in "The Show 
Girl," called the Kid, in which she attracted much attention by 
her singing of the song "Won't You Fondle Me?'' After that she 
was with Miss Stella Mayhew for two seasons, following which 
she played Dorothy in "The Wizard of Oz" for one season. In 
August, 1906, she opened at the La Salle Theatre, Chicago, in 
"The Time, the Place and the Girl," playing the Girl with such 
success that the piece ran 465 performances. A short run in Bos- 
ton was followed by a run of four weeks at Wallack's Theatre, 
New York, which commenced August 5, 1907. The fall of 1907 
Miss McMillen was married to G. W. Bird, an automobile manu- 
facturer, of Chicago. Her favorite recreations are motoring and 
horseback riding. Her home is at 121 Benson street, Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

McRAE, Bruce: 

Actor, was born in India, being the son of a surgeon in the 
English Army. He was educated in England and at a French 
military school until sixteen years old, when he went to Australia 
cattle ranching. He then became a cowboy in the far West of 
this country and finally took to the stage, making his first ap- 
pearance with Miss Elsie De Wolfe in "Thermidor" in 1891. Fol- 
lowing seasons he played in "Aristocracy," "Shenandoah," and 
"The Fatal Card." He next supported Miss Olga Nether sole, then 
Herbert Kelcey and Effie Shannon in "A Coat of Many Colors" 
and "The Moth and the Flame." He was the original Dr. Watson 
in "Sherlock Holmes" with William Gillette, and for two seasons 
was with Miss Julia Marlowe. In 1902 he became leading man 
to Miss Ethel Barrymore, and has since played with her in "Cap- 
tain Jinks," "Carrots," "Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire," "A Doll's House," 
"His Excellency the Governor," etc. In 1906 he played the lead- 
ing role in Louis K. Anspacher's "The Embarrassment 01 
Riches," and on October 14, 1907, was seen as J. Madison Tate in 
Charles Klein's "The Stepsister" at the Garrick Theatre, New 
York. He also appeared that year with Grace Elliston in "Dr. 
Wake's Patient," and the leading role in "Rosmersholm" with 
Mrs. Fiske. Mr. McRae's home is at 187 AVoodland avenue, New 
Rochelle, N. Y. 

MacCURDY, James Kyrle: 

Actor, was born in California and began his stage career in 
stock companies on the Pacific Coast. In 1894 he went East, and 
for a season was seen in the principal part in "A Night Off," the 
Augustin Daly comedy, on the road. He then became a member 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 295 

of the Thanhauser Stock Company in Milwaukee, Wis., and re- 
mained with that organization many years. He then produced 
his own play, -'The Old Clothes Man," in which he has starred 
all over the country. Mr. MacCurdy married Miss Kate Woods 
Fiske, an actress. His home is at Brentwood, N. Y. 

MacDONALD, Miss Christie (Mrs. W. W. Jefferson) : 

Light opera prima donna and soubrette, was born in Boston, 
and when in her 'teens played several small parts in summer 
companies in that city. Her first professional engagement was 
with Pauline Hall in 1892. Francis Wilson then offered her a 
place in his company, and she played small parts in "The Lion 
Tamer" and "The Merry Monarch," also being understudy to 
Lulu Glaser. In the season of 1893 Miss MacDonald played Marie 
throughout the run of "Erminie," and occasionally Javotte. The 
season of 1894-5 she played Bob, the valet, in "The Devil's 
Deputy," and Mrs. Griggs in "The Chieftain." She played Shafra 
in "The Sphinx" in Boston in 1896, and the same year Lucinde 
in "Half a King" with Francis Wilson's company, after which 
she played Woo-me in "The Walking Delegate" in Boston. The 
seasons of 1898 and 1899 Miss MacDonald was seen in Sousa's 
opera, "The Birde-Elect." She became a star in February, 1900, 
at the Columbia Theatre, Boston, playing the title role in "The 
Princess Chic," and making a noteworthy success. Miss Mac- 
Donald played this part two seasons, and has since been a recog- 
nized prima donna of light opera. The season of 1905-6 she 
sang in "Mexicana." The season of 1906-7 she was seen in "The 
Belle of Mayfair," and that of 1907-8 as Sally Hook in "Miss 
Hook of Holland," produced at the Criterion Theatre, New York, 
December 11, 1907. She is the wife of William Winter Jeffer- 
son, fourth son of the late Joseph Jefferson. 

MacDOWELL, Melbourne: 

Actor, was born in Little Washington, N. J., and ran away 
to sea when a boy. Tiring of a sailor's life, he obtained a job 
as ticket seller at the theatre in Montreal of which his elder 
brother, the late E. A. MacDowell, was manager. He made his 
first appearance there as Charles the Wrestler in "As You Like 
It" with Adelaide Neilson as Rosalind, and Eben Plympton as 
Orlando. Being an athlete and not much of an actor, he spoiled 
the scene by throwing Plympton instead of taking a fall him- 
self. In 1877 Mr. MacDowell made his first real effort as an actor 
in the part of the Sheriff's officer in "The Road to Ruin" at the 
Boston Museum. At that time he used the stage name of William 
Melbourne. Returning to Montreal, Mr. MacDowell played lead- 



296 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ing heavy parts for two seasons, opening as the Duke de Gon- 
zague in "The Duke's Motto." Then followed three years with, 
a stock company in Minneapolis and a season in "The Black Dia- 
mond Engineer" under the management of Charles Forbes. Mr. 
MacDowell then played Aaron Rodney in a "Hazel Kirke" com- 
pany, and Valentine Hay in "Kerry Gow" with Joseph Murphy. 
The season of 1884-5 Mr. MacDowell played Jean de Lerieux, 
and then was engaged to create the part of Scarpia, in "La Tosca" 
in its first production in this country by Fanny Davenport at 
the Broadway Theatre, New York, March 3, 1888. The following 
year he married Miss Davenport, and for ten years, until her 
death in 1898, he played leading parts with her, being most suc- 
cessful as Loris in "Fedora" and Marc Antony in "Cleopatra." 
He then became a joint star with Blanche Walsh. More recently 
he has starred at the head of his own company. The season of 
1906-7 he supported Wilton Lackaye in "The Law and the Man." 

MACK, Andrew: 

Comedian and singer, was born in Boston July 25, 1863, and 
was educated at the Eliot Street Public School. When he was 
thirteen years old he went on the vaudeville stage, assuming the 
name of Williams and, in partnership with Martin Hennessy, 
formed the team of "Williams and Hennessy, the Connecticut 
Cuckoos." Mr. Mack made his first appearance on the regular 
stage in musical farce under the management of Monroe & Rice. 
He made his first real success in a singing part in "Ivy Leaf" 
with William H. Powers. His first appearance as a star was in 
"Myles Aroon" under the management of W. T. Russ & Co. in 
1895. The season of 1896 he was seen in "Arrah-na-Pogue."' 
Since that he has starred at the head of his own companies in 
Irish musical dramas, going to Australia the season of 1907-8. 

MACKAYE, Percy Wallace: 

Playwright, was born in New York City March 16, 1875, be- 
ing the son of Steele Mackaye, the actor and playwright. He 
was educated at Harvard University, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1897, and at the University of Leipzig. In 
1900 he began teaching in private schools in New York, and in 
1904 turned his attention to playwriting. Besides several dramas 
in blank verse, including "Jeanne D'Arc," produced by E. H. 
Sothern during the season of 1906-7, Mr. Mackaye is the author 
of "The Canterbury Tales of Geoffrey Chaucer," a modern ren- 
dering in prose of the prologue and ten tales; "Fenris, the Wolf," 
and "The Scarecrow." His "Sapho and Phaon," a tragedy in 
three acts, was produced at the Lyric Theatre, New York, Octo- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 297 

ber 21, 1907, with Bertha Kalich in the role of Sapho. Mr. Mac- 
kaye married Miss Marion Homer Morse, of Cambridge, Mass., 
October 8, 1898. He is a brother of Hazel Kirke Mackaye, the 
actress. He is a member of the Harvard Club, New York. 

MAFLIN, Alfred W. : 

Actor, was born in London August 31, 1840, being the son of 
Caroline Maflin, a well-known English actress. He made his 
first appearance when only six years old at the Victoria Theatre, 
London, in the pantomime of -"See-Saw, Margery Daw" in a 
child's part. When ten years old he played Walter Arlington, a 
page, in "The Idiot Witness," and after that was with the "Royal 
Living Marionettes." In 1854 he became second comedian at the 
City of London Theatre, appearing in "The Seven Clerks." He 
then went to Kingston, Ontario, Canada, and for two years worked 
in a dentist's office. Returning to England and the stage, he in- 
troduced the "Spade Dance," a novelty act, and Tony Denier 
brought him to this country. His first engagement here was in 
Denier's pantomime, "The Three Blind Mice." He then went 
with the Alice Gates Company for two years, playing in "La 
Fille de Madame Angot" and in the original production in this 
country of "Girofle-Girofla." Joining the McCaull Opera Com- 
pany, he was seen in "The Sorcerer," and in 1882 was in the first 
production of "The Queen's Lace Handkerchief" and in "Prince 
Methuselum." He played Simon in the original production of 
"Erminie" more than 1,200 times. In 1894 he was with "Lost. 
Strayed or Stolen," and the following year with "The Brownies," 
In 1903 he created the part of Deacon Bagby in "Mrs. Wiggs of 
the Cabbage Patch" under the management of Liebler & Co., and 
remained with that organization until 1908. 

MAGINN, Miss Bonnie: 

Actress and dancer, was born in Chicago and made her first 
appearance there at the Grand Opera House, under the manage- 
ment of David Henderson, when she was a mere child, in "The 
Mikado." She then joined Weber and Fields in New York, with 
whom she remained nearly six years. In 1903 she played in "Mr. 
Bluebeard," under Klaw & Erlanger, and then joined Frank 
Daniels in "The Office Boy." In 1904 she again joined Joe 
Weber's company and remained with him two and a half sea- 
sons. She then went into vaudeville. 

MANN, Louis: 

Comedian, was born in New York April 20, 1865. When 
eighteen years old he began his stage career by barnstorming 



298 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

through New England. In various small towns he played such 
parts as Hamlet, and Armand in "Camille." Later, in stock com- 
panies, he supported such stars as Salvini, Lewis Morrison and 
J. K. Emmett, playing legitimate parts. His first pronounced 
success was as Mr. Utterson in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" with 
Daniel Bandmann in 1888. He played the leading part in "In- 
cog.," Clara Lipman, who became his wife, being in the company. 
Other subsequent successes were in "The Strange Adventures of 
Miss Brown," "The Girl from Paris," and "The Telephone Girl," 
in which his Hans Nix attracted much attention. Mr. Mann's 
specialty is German dialect, but he played a Frenchman in "The 
Girl in the Barracks," produced in Baltimore on October 9, 1899. 
The following season Mr. Mann played Franz Hochstuhl in "All 
on Account of Eliza," first produced in Bridgeport, Conn., August 
23, 1900. For the last six years Mr. Mann has starred jointly 
with his wife, except for a season with the Joe Weber company. 
The season of 1905-6 Mr. Mann and Miss Lipman played "Julie 
Bon Bon," a musical comedy, written by the latter. The season 
of 1907-8 he went into vaudeville, appearing in "All on Account 
of Eliza," a tabloid form of the musical comedy of that name. 
Mr. Mann's New York address is 310 West One Hundred and 
First street. 

MANNERING, Miss Mary (Mrs. James K. Hackett) : 

Actress, was born in London, England, in 1876. She made 
her first appearance on the stage in England under the name of 
Florence Freund, speaking only three lines in the play "Hero 
and Leander, " in which Mrs. James Brown Potter and Kyrle 
Bellew were joint stars. She then became a pupil of Herman 
Vezin, the well-known American actor, playing a number of 
Shakespearian parts throughout the British provinces when she 
was only eighteen years old. She was playing in a comedy 
called "The Late Mr. Costello" when Daniel Frohman saw her 
and engaged her for his New York Lyceum Theatre, where she 
made her first appearance November 24, 1896, in "The Courtship 
of Leonie" the season of 1896-7. The following May she became 
the wife of James K. Hackett, then the leading man of the com- 
pany. The marriage was kept a secret until January, 1898. 
Miss Mannering made personal successes at the Lyceum in "The 
First Gentleman of Europe," and "The Mayflower," but her big- 
gest hits there were as Fay Zuliani in "The Princess and the 
Butterfly," and as Rose Trelawney in "Trelawney of the Wells." 
For some seasons she was a joint star with her husband; then 
she starred at the head of her own company under his manage- 
ment. The seasons of 1906-7-8 she starred in Mrs. Rida John- 




MARY MANNERING 



300 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

son Young's "Glorious Betsy." Miss Mannering's home is at 38 
East Thirty-third street, New York. 

MANSFIELD, Richard: 

Actor, was born in Heligoland, an island in the North Sea, 
May 24, 1857. Died August 30, 1907. For full biography see 
"Who's Who on the Stage," 1906 edition. 

MANTELL, Robert Bruce: 

Actor, was born in Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland, February 7, 
1854. When he was about five years old his family moved to 
Belfast, Ireland, where he was educated and where he developed 
a taste for amateur theatricals, playing Polonius in "Hamlet" 
when he was sixteen years old. He was apprenticed to a wine 
merchant, his parents objecting to his ambition for a stage ca- 
reer, but when he was twenty years old he ran away from home 
and, going to the United States, endeavored to obtain an en- 
gagement in the Boston Museum Company. Failing, he returned 
to England after staying only two weeks in this country, and 
made his first professional appearance as the Sergeant in "Arrah- 
na-Pogue" at Rochdale, Lancashire, in October, 1876. His stage 
name was then R. Hudson. He next played Father Dolan in "The 
Shaughraun." George Clarke, afterward so long identified with 
Augustin Daly, was the star in these plays. As a member of a 
stock company Mr. Mantell supported Charles Calvert, Barry Sul- 
livan, Charles Dillon and Samuel Phelps, who took him to Sad- 
ler's Wells Theatre, London, where Mr. Mantell obtained a solid 
grounding in Shakespeare and the classics. He was with Phelps 
in his famous revival of Macklin's "The Man of the World." Mr. 
Mantell next went on tour with Marie De Grey, playing Romeo, 
Benedick, Orlando, Orsino and Malvolio in "Twelfth Night," and 
Bassanio. He played Shylock at a special performance to the 
Portia of Miss De Grey. In November, 1878, Mr. Mantell made 
his first appearance in America in Albany, N. Y., playing second 
parts with Madame Modjeska. After a season he returned to 
Europe in support of the American comedian, George S. Knight, 
in his production there of VOtto," in which he played Dick 
Freely. Then he went on tour with Miss Wallis in a round of 
Shakespearian roles, including Antony in "Antony and Cleo- 
patra." In 1883 Mr. Mantell made his first appearance in New 
York at the Grand Opera House as Sir Clement Huntingford in 
"The World." The same season he made his first pronounced 
success in the United States as Jack Hearn, originally played by 
Wilson Barrett in London, in "The Romany Rye." In the fall 
of 1883 Mr. Mantell joined Fanny Davenport for the first produc- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 301 

tion in America of "Fedora," by Sardou. Mr. Mantell's acting as 
Loris Ipanoff was one of those theatrical happenings that rever- 
berate for years. To talk of Mantell in "Fedora" to those with 
a theatrical memory twenty years long is to conjure a torrent 
of enthusiastic recollection. Sardou had written the play for 
Sarah Bernhardt, and Miss Davenport was regarded as the ac- 
tress best fitted for the leading role. Mantell's splendid virility, 
his sincerity and restraint, his sense of situation and his superb 
physical equipment combined to make his performance the most 
effective of the whole cast. Leaving Miss Davenport, Mr. Man- 
tell created the part of Gilbert Vaughan in "Called There and 
Back" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, in 1884, and ap- 
peared in "Dakolar" at the Lyceum Theatre. In 1886 he became 
a star for the first time, acting in a play by John W. Keller 
called "Tangled Lives." A year later he produced "Monbars," 
gaining plaudits hardly second to those of "Fedora." In 1888 
he revived "The Corsican Brothers," and produced in succession 
"The Face in the Moonlight," in which he acted a so-called "dual 
role"; "The Louisianian," by E. M. Alfriend; "A Lesson in Act- 
ing," a one-act play, by John Ernest McCann; "Parrhasius," a 
tragedy of Grecian locale, and "A Cavalier of France," both by 
Espy Williams, of New Orleans; "A Gentleman from Gascony," 
"The Light of Other Days," and "The Dagger and the Cross." 
He also revived "The Marble Heart," and "The Lady of Lyons." 
He took up Shakespeare incidentally, acting both Othello and 
Hamlet in 1893. It was about this time that his attitude toward 
a decision of one of the New York State courts, arising from a 
suit for divorce brought by his wife, Margaret A. Mantell, re- 
sulted in his being declared in contempt, so the metropolis was 
closed to him until he should be purged a process that he did 
not embrace until 1904. On "the road" he turned to Shakespeare 
with so much success that early in 1904 he went to New York 
and appeared in the Princess Theatre as Richard III. His scenery 
and costumes were shabby and inadequate and his support called 
up the vision of Bardolph, Nym and Pistol, but he won unstinted 
praise. In the course of this engagement Mr. Mantell and Will- 
iam A. Brady joined forces. Mr. Brady took his new star to New 
York in October, 1905, for what was to have been a month's visit. 
Nine weeks passed before Mr. Mantell left the Garden Theatre, 
where he played revivals of "King Lear" and "Macbeth." He 
acted a repertoire of six plays in Chicago, Philadelphia, Balti- 
more, Washington, Montreal and Toronto with remarkable suc- 
cess. "Julius Caesar" and "The Merchant of Venice" have been 
added to his repertoire, as has the role of lago. The season of 
1907-8 he toured in Shakespearian repertoire, including a special 



302 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

production of "King John." Mr. Mantell's leading woman, Marie 
Booth Russell, is Mrs. Mantell. 

MAPES, Victor : 

Playwright and manager, was born in New York in 1870, 
being the son of Charles V. Mapes, a well-known scientist, ancl 
the grandson of General James Jonas Mapes, who was in com- 
mand of the United States forces in New York State during the 
War of 1812. Victor Mapes was graduated from Columbia Uni- 
versity in 1891 and became, successively, a reporter on the New 
York Sun, a student at Sorbonne University, at Paris; stage 
manager of the Lyceum Theatre, New York; dramatic critic of 
the New York World, stage director and play producer at Daly's 
and the Garrick theatres, New York, and the author of many 
plays, one of which, "La Comtesse de Lisne," written in French, 
was produced at the Theatre Mondain, Paris. In 1899 Mr. Mapes's 
one-act play, "A Flower of Yeddo," was produced, and the fol- 
lowing year his "The Tory's Guest" was seen. In 1901 James K. 
Hackett produced Mr. Mapes's play "Don Caesar's Return," and 
in 1904 Charles Richman played his "Captain Barrington." In 
1907 Miss Lena Ashwell produced his play "The Undercurrent." 
Mr. Mapes was the director of the New Theatre, in Chicago, dur- 
ing the seasons of 1906-7-8. He is a member of the University 
Club, The Players, The Lambs, and the Columbia Club in New 
York. 

MARBLE, Miss Mary (Mrs. John W. Dunne) : 

Actress, was born in Chicago March 28, 1876, and educated 
at St. Xavier's Academy there. She went directly from the con- 
vent to the stage, making her first appearance in Boone, Iowa, 
in a play called "Inshavogue" under the management of William 
Marble. She made her first marked success as Dimples, with 
Eddie Foy, in "Off the Earth," and she afterward appeared as 
the Orphan in Hoyt's "A Milk W T hite Flag," Jane in "Babes in 
Toyland," and Phyllis in "Wonderland." The season of 1907-8 
Miss Marble starred in Joe Weber's production, "Dream City," 
under the management of her husband, John W. Dunne, to whom 
she was married in 1898. For four years she was featured with 
the Bijou Musical Comedy Company, a well-known stock organi- 
zation, touring the South. Her permanent address is Hotel York, 
New York City. 

MARLOWE, Miss Julia: 

Actress, was born Sarah Frances Frost at Caldbeck, England, 
in November, 1865. In 1875 the family came to this country, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 305 

taking up their abode in Cincinnati. Sarah Frost was still a girl 
in short dresses when she first gave evidence of the histrionic 
attainments which later, allied with indomitable pluck and per- 
severance, were to win her fame and fortune. She was still at- 
tending the public schools of Cincinnati when she essayed her 
first stage appearance in an amateur juvenile performance, and 
she was only twelve years old when she appeared with a "Pina- 
fore" company which made a tour of the West and South. For 
several years she continued playing such characters as Josephine 
in "Pinafore," Suzanne in "The Chimes of Normandy," and a 
page in "The Little Duke." She also played juvenile parts in 
"Rip Van Winkle." When she was sixteen years old her talent 
attracted the attention of Ada Dow, who had achieved promi- 
nence on the English stage. The woman saw in the girl raw 
material which gave promise of a brilliant future, and she un- 
dertook to develop it. At this time her stage name was Fannie' 
Brough. The belief of Ada Dow that a larger and more im- 
portant field awaited her pupil found an echo in the latter's heart 
and served to fire the ambitions it had long contained. "I'm 
going to climb," little Fannie Brough once said to her father, 
and when she was seventeen the climbing began. She and Ada 
Dow lived at the latter's home in Bayonne, N. J., and there the 
elder woman gave the younger all the benefit of her training and 
experience. The younger entered into the work with all the- 
ardor of one whose ambitions knew no bounds. For three years 
she read Shakespeare from 8 a. m. until noon, and impersonated 
characters in the great poet's plays in the afternoon, finding 
time as well to practise with foils and swing Indian clubs and 
dumbbells. During this time she became acquainted with Colonel 
Bob Ingersoll. She made her real theatrical debut in the East,. 
and her first in any important role, when she appeared as Par- 
thenia in a performance of "Ingomar" at New London, Conn., in. 
1887, under the management of Colonel R. E. J. Miles. In Octo- 
ber of the same year she made her first New York appearance in 
a trial matinee at the Bijou Theatre, where she again imper- 
sonated Parthenia. She was then engaged to play Shakespearian 
roles at the Star Theatre. There for the first time she appeared 
as Juliet. The following year Ariel Barney became her manager, 
and she made a tour of the country with Shakespearian plays. 
On May 28, 1894, she was married in Philadelphia to Robert 
Taber, who had been her leading man at her first appearance in 
"Romeo and Juliet" in 1888. They appeared as joint stars for a 
season in Shakespearian plays. Disagreement finally ended in a 
separation. In 1900 she obtained a divorce, and on March 7, 
1904, Taber died in the Adirondacks from pleurisy. Later plays- 



304 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

which have served to add to the lustre of Julia Marlowe have 
been "Colinette," "Bonnie Prince Charlie," "When Knighthood 
Was in Flower," "Barbara Frietchie," and "The Cavalier." Par- 
thenia in "Ingomar," Rosalind in "As You Like It," Juliet, and 
Viola in "Twelfth Night," are the roles in which she has at- 
tained the greatest success. In the season of 1905-6 she and 
E. H. Sothern were joint stars in Shakespearian roles. The fol- 
lowing season they appeared together in London, England. The 
season of 1907-8 Miss Marlowe starred alone in "Gloria." 

MARS, Leo: 

Pantomimist and singer, is the son of a Parisian stock 
broker. He engaged in that business himself for a time, but 
decided to go on the stage, and began his career in pantomime 
at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, in 1896. During engage- 
ments at the Matineee, Empire and Palace theatres in London 
he was heard by King Edward VII, who was so pleased with the 
singer's French chansons that he engaged him to entertain the 
royal family on several occasions. After several seasons of 
drawing-room entertaining he was engaged in 1901 by George 
Edwardes for his production of "Three Little Maids" at the 
Prince of Wales's Theatre. His work in "Lady Madcap" at- 
tracting the attention of Charles B. Dillingham on one of his 
London trips, he engaged Mr. Mars to appear in the United 
States. His first appearance in the United States was with 
Fritzi Scheff in Mr. Dillingham's "Mile. Modiste" company. 

MARTINOT, Miss Sadie (Mrs. Louis F. Nethersole) : 

Actress, was born in New York in 1862, being christened 
Sarah. Her father was William Alexander Martinot. At the age 
of fourteen, while she was a pupil in a convent school, she ob- 
tained an engagement at the old Eagle Theatre, New York; Josh 
Hart, the manager, giving her five dollars a week as an "extra 
lady." Thus she made her debut in September, 1876. A week 
afterward the star, Maude Branscombe, falling ill, Miss Martinot 
took her part. At this theatre she played nine weeks of comic 
opera with Aimee, the French prima donna. Her next role was 
that of Cupid with Ada Richmond in the burlesque "Chow 
Chow," in which she gave imitations of Aimee. After playing 
several parts in Boston theatres, Miss Martinot became a mem- 
ber of the Boston Museum Stock Company. Her next engage- 
ment was at the Comedy Theatre, London, where she created the 
role of Katrina in the original production of Planquette's "Rip 
Van Winkle." She returned to New York to open the old Star 
Theatre, then the Germania, with the late Fred Leslie in "Vice 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 305 

Versa." They followed this by playing Dion Boucicault's reper- 
toire on tour. John Stetson then engaged Miss Martinet for his 
"Confusion" company, for which "Distinguished Foreigners" was 
a curtain raiser. Miss Martinet imitated Ellen Terry in this. 
Her next role was the leading one in "Zelna" at the Union Square 
Theatre, New York. She followed this with comic opera, Ru- 
dolph Aronson engaging her as prima donna for the Casino, New 
York. She sang "Nanon" for over one hundred nights. Then, 
her health giving way, she retired for three years. On her re- 
turn she starred at Amberg's German Theatre, New York, in 
"The Mascot" in German. Succeeding roles were Dora in Rose 
Coghlan's "Diplomacy" company, Rosa Leigh in "Rosedale," and 
Suzette in "The Voyage of Suzette." In 1897 she played in "A 
Stranger in New York"; during successive seasons was seen in 
"The Turtle," "The Marriage Game," "The Second Mrs. Tan- 
queray," and "His Excellency the Governor" on tour. In 1901 
she played "Winning a Widow" in vaudeville, and the following 
year was seen in "Mary and John." The season of 1906-7 she 
toured in "Mrs. Templeton's Telegram." 

MASON, John: 

Actor, was born in Orange, N. J., in 1857. He entered Co- 
lumbia College in 1876, but was never graduated, preferring to 
adopt a stage career. Louise Leighton, with whom he had ap- 
peared in amateur theatricals, was about to make her profes- 
sional appearance at Bauvard's (now Daly's) Broadway Theatre, 
and Mason was engaged to play five small parts for eight dollars 
a week. When treasury day came Mason got only a "V," and his 
mother found no difficulty in persuading him to go to Italy to 
have his voice cultivated. After a year abroad he returned, in 
1878, and joined the Maggie Mitchell company at the Standard 
Theatre, New York, for small singing parts. He then went to the 
Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, to do similar work in a 
stock company. In 1879 Mr. Mason went to the Boston Museum, 
making his first appearance there as Careless in "The School for 
Scandal," and remained with the company four years. After a 
season with Robert Mantell and with Nat C. Goodwin, Mr. Mason 
went back to the Boston Museum as a stock star with Annie 
Clarke in a revival of the old comedies. In 1890, after playing 
the hero in "The English Rose," Mr. Mason went to England 
where, with George Alexander, he played Simeon Strong in "The 
Idler" with great success. Returning to America, Mr. Mason 
starred in "If I Were You," and then produced "Friend Fritz," 
adapted for the stage by Stanislaus Stange, with music by Julian 
Edwards, at Herrmann's Theatre, New York, which piece he 



306 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

played for several seasons. Mr. Mason also created the part of 
the hero in Brady's production of "The Cotton King," and played 
for many seasons in vaudeville sketches. The fall of 1907 Mr. 
Mason supported Miss Virginia Harned in "Anna Karenina," and 
the balance of the season starred in "The Witching Hour," by 
Augustus Thomas, produced at Hackett's Theatre, New York, 
November 18, 1907. 

MATTHISON, Miss Edith Wynne (Mrs. Charles Eann Ken- 
nedy) : 

Actress, was born in Birmingham, England, being the daugh- 
ter of Kate Matthison, a concert singer. She was educated at 
King Edward's Grammar School, Birmingham, and acted as an 
amateur in Shakespearian and other roles in Birmingham when 
she was ten years old. She adopted the stage as a profession 
and made her first appearance in 1896 with Minnie Palmer iu 
the chorus of "The School Girl." A year later she was engaged 
to play Mercy Merrick in "The New Magdalen." She joined Ben 
Greet in 1897, playing Miladi in "The Three Musketeers." Since 
then she has appeared in twenty-three Shakespearian parts, in- 
cluding Juliet, Rosalind, Ophelia, Portia, Beatrice, Viola, Queeii 
Katherine and Oberon. She has also played in old English com- 
edy such parts as Lady Teazle, Kate Hardcastle and Peg Womng- 
ton. She made a marked success by her performance in "Every- 
man" at the Court Theatre, London, which was followed by a 
long season in New York and an American tour in the samo* 
play. In 1906 she created the chief role in an adaptation from 
Euripides, in London, called "The Electra." She appeared as 
Greeta in "The Bondman" in January, 1907, at the Adelphi Thea- 
tre, London. Her address is 85 Overstrand Mansions, Battersea 
Park, S. W. 

MAY, Miss Edna (Mrs. Oscar Lewisohn) : 

Actress and light opera prima donna, was born in Syracuse, 
N. Y., in 1875. Her maiden name was Edna May Petty, being the 
daughter of E. C. Petty, a letter carrier. When she was only 
seven years old she appeared in a children's "Pinafore" company 
in her native city. When she was sixteen she went to New York 
to study for the stage, and there was married to Frederick Titus. 
a professional bicycle rider. This marriage was dissolved in 
1904. Miss May made her first appearance in New York as Glair- 
ette, a small part in the operetta "Santa Maria" at Hammer- 
stein's vaudeville theatre. She then went with a company play- 
ing Hoyt's farce, "A Contented Woman." Joining the chorus at 
the Casino Theatre, New York, Miss May was almost immediately 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 307 

selected by George W. Lederer to assume the part of Violet Gray 
in his production of "The Belle of New York," in which she made 
a remarkable success and practically became a star in a night. 
After a long run in New York the company went to the Shaftes- 
bury Theatre, London, where the piece ran five hundred nights, 
and where Miss May made an even greater success than in this 
country. Since then Miss May has played successive seasons iu 
London and New York, appearing in "The Casino Girl," "An 
American Beauty," "Three Little Maids," "The School Girl," 
"The Catch of the Season" and similar musical comedies, being 
featured as a star. After a revival of "The Belle of New York" 
she created the title role in "Nellie Neil" at the Aldwych Thea- 
tre, London, January 10, 1907, after which she retired from the 
stage. Miss May on June 4, 1907, married Oscar Lewisohn, a 
member of a well-known wealthy New York family, in London, 
where they now reside. 

MAY, Miss Olive (Mrs. John W. Albaugh, Jr.) : 

Actress, was born in Chicago, 111. Her father, Gordon A. 
May, entered the Federal Army during the Civil War as Lieuten- 
ant of the Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry and rose rapidly to the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonelcy, serving in the Southwestern Cam- 
paign. Miss May received her training for the stage at the Con- 
servatory in Chicago. After a few seasons on the road with 
Stuart Robson, and Hilliard and Arthur, she attracted the atten- 
tion of Charles Frohman who engaged her for the part of Su- 
zanne in "The Butterflies." In this she made her first marked 
success. In 1899 Miss May was seen as Bonita in "Arizona," the 
part originated by Eleanor Robson. Her last appearance was 
with "The Love Route" in its New York production. In July, 
1904, she went into vaudeville with John W. Albaugh, Jr., mak- 
ing a tour of the country in Grant Stewart's sketch, "The In- 
spector from Kansas." The season of 1907-8 she appeared in 
Channing Pollock's "The Secret Orchard." Miss May was mar- 
ried in 1894 to Henry Guy Carleton, the playwright, from whom 
she obtained a divorce three years later. On July 9, 1907, she 
married Mr. Albaugh in Jersey City, N. J. 

MAYO, Miss Margaret (Mrs. Edgar Selwyn) : 

Actress and playwright, was born on an Illinois farm in 
November, 1882. She was educated at the Convent of the Sacred 
Heart, Salem, Ore., and at the Girl's College, Fox Lake, Wis. 
She also attended Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal., for one 
year. She made her first appearance at the Garrick Theatre, 
New York, playing a small part in "Thoroughbred" under the 



308 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

management of Charles Frohman. She then played the ingenue 
part in "Charley's Aunt" on the road, followed by Caroline Mitt- 
ford in "Secret Service," in which she scored her first success. 
Her next part was Susan in "Because She Loved Him So" at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, and then followed a sum- 
mer engagement as ingenue with the Columbia Stock Company 
at Washington, D. C. Joining the Kirke La Shelle forces, she 
played Lena in "Arizona" on the road and then went to Lon- 
don, England, playing Bonita in the same piece there with 
great success. Her last appearance was as Polly in "Pretty 
Peggy" with Miss Grace George at the Herald Square Theatre, 
New York, after which she retired from the stage, to devote her 
time to playwriting. Her first production was a dramatization 
of Ouida's "Under Two Flags." She has since adapted "The 
Jungle," "The Marriage of William Ashe," and Sardou's "Divor- 
cons," her version being played with success here and in Eng- 
land by Miss Grace George. Her original plays include "The 
Winding Way," "The Austrian Dancer," "Nip and Tuck," and 
"Polly of the Circus." Miss Mayo was married to Edgar Selwyn, 
actor and play broker, at Niagara Falls, May 16, 1901. Her ad- 
dress is care of Selwyn & Co., 1402 Broadway, New York City. 

MELBA, Madame (Mrs. Nellie Armstrong) : 

Grand opera prima donna, was born in Melbourne, Australia, 
in 1863, being the daughter of David Mitchell Porter, a wealthy 
merchant. Her mother was of Spanish descent. When she was 
seventeen years old she was married to Captain Charles Nesbit 
Frederick Armstrong, son of Sir Andrew Armstrong, Bart. In 
1887 she accompanied her father, who was a commissioner to 
the Paris Exposition, to France and studied singing under Ma- 
dame Marchesi. She made her first appearance at the Theatre 
de la Monnaie, Brussels, as Gilda in "Rigoletto." She made her 
first appearance in England at Covent Garden in "Lucia di 
Lammermoor" in 1888, since which she has been regarded as 
one of the greatest of prima donnas, having sung in all the 
great capitals and at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, 
where she first appeared under the Abbey, Schoeffel & Grau 
management. In April, 1900, Captain Armstrong received a di- 
vorce in Galveston, Tex., with the custody of their one child, 
a boy, then about sixteen years old. 

MELLISH, Fuller (Leclerq) : 

Actor, was born in England January 3, 1865, being a son 
of the late Rose Leclerq, a well-known English actress and a 
member of a celebrated family of actors. He made his first ap- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 309 

pearance at the Park Theatre, London, April 25, 1881, and for 
years was a member of his mother's company. In 1884 he 
played Curio in "Twelfth Night," and the Due d'Orleans in 
"Richelieu" with the late Sir Henry Irving, with whom he first 
came to this country, playing small parts in repertoire. Return- 
ing to England, he played many engagements, being seen at the 
Lyceum with Miss Mary Anderson in "A Winter's Tale." In 
1888 he rejoined Irving's company, remaining with it for five 
years. In 1902 he returned to America, and the following year 
was seen in "Ulysses." In 1904 he was in "The Dictator," and 
also appeared in support of Mrs. Patrick Campbell in "The Sor- 
ceress." In 1905 he was with the late Richard Mansfield, and 
during 1906 he supported Miss Viola Allen, playing Pisanio in 
"Cymbeline," Sir Toby Belch in "Twelfth Night," and Touch- 
stone in "As You Like It." The season of 1906-7 he played 
Canon Donsey in "Mrs. Dane's Defence" with Miss Lena Ash- 
well, and in the fall of 1907 was seen in a sketch in vaudeville. 
Later he appeared in the role of the Rector in Mrs. Fiske's pro- 
duction of Ibsen's "Rosmersholm." 

MELTZER, Charles Henry: 

Playwright, was born in London, England, of naturalized 
Russian parents. When a boy he was sent to Paris, where he 
completed his education and began life as a journalist, even- 
tually becoming Paris representative of the Chicago Tribune, 
and later of the New York Herald, for which he traveled exten- 
sively in Europe and in Egypt. Mr. Meltzer came to New York 
in 1888 under contract to take charge of the dramatic and mu- 
sical departments of the New York Herald. For four seasons he 
was dramatic critic of that paper, and during the seasons of 
1893-6 he wrote dramatic reviews for the New York World. He 
also acted as New York correspondent of the London Daily 
Chronicle. Mr. Meltzer's contributions to dramatic literature 
have been partly original plays and partly adaptations. His 
first play, "The Story of Rodion, the Student," a free dramatiza- 
tion of Dostoiewsky's novel, "Crime and Punishment," was pro- 
duced by Mr. Richard Mansfield. Later he devised "Salome" (a 
tragic pantomime with ballet) in collaboration with Armand 
Silvestre, music by Gabriel Pierne, which was produced by Loie 
Fuller in Paris; "Manon Lescaut," a comedy-drama founded 
upon the romance of Prevost, and "The First Duchess of Marl- 
borough," an original comedy of manners, suggested by the 
Duchess's memoirs. His adaptations include the English ver- 
sions of Hauptmann's "Hannele" and "Die Versunkene Glocke" 
("The Sunken Bell"), which was produced by Mr. E. H. Sothern 



310 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in this country and more recently in London; Daudet's "L'Ar- 
lesienne," Sardou and Moreau's "Madame Sans Gene," Decour- 
celle's ''Le Collier de la Reine" and "Plus que Reine" (in col- 
laboration with Charles Frederic Nirdlinger). His comedy "His 
Honor the Mayor" (produced by William H. Crane) was writ- 
ten with the collaboration of A. E. Lancaster. From 1903 to 1907 
Mr. Meltzer acted as secretary and general assistant to Mr. Hein- 
rich Conried, manager of the Metropolitan Opera House, New 
York. He then became musical critic of the New York Ameri- 
can. His home is at 476 Central Park West, New York. 

MELVILLE, Miss Rose: 

Actress, was born in 1873 at Terre Haute, Ind., being the 
daughter of a Baptist minister. She attended the convent school 
of St. Mary of the Woods and later went to Franklin College, 
Indiana. At this time Miss Melville's sisters, Ida and Pearl, 
were conducting the Melville Sisters' Stock Company in the 
Middle West. During the vacation season of 1889 Miss Melville 
joined the company, then playing in Ohio. It was not her in- 
tention to become an actress, her stay with the company being 
entirely social, but an extra person was needed, and so the 
younger of the sisters was given a chance to see what she could 
do. Thus the future Sis Hopkins made her debut at Zanesville, 
Ohio, as Arthur Sidney in "The Queen's Evidence." Miss Rose 
had been carefully coached by her sister Pearl, and so well did 
she equip herself at her first effort that all idea of returning 
to school was given up. During the three years following Miss 
Melville became proficient in sixteen roles. Some of the parts 
she played at that time were Topsy in "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 
Louise in "The Two Orphans," Fanchon in "Fanchon the 
Cricket," and Ned in "The Black Flag." In 1891 the Melville 
sisters separated, Miss Pearl Melville forming the Melville Stock 
Company, and Miss Rose and her sister Ida combined under 
the title of the Rose and Ida Melville Stock Company. This 
latter company was very successful; but after three years they 
decided to try New York. One of the plays presented by Miss 
Rose and her sister was called "Zeb," being from the pen of 
Samuel Young, the husband of Ida Melville. In the last act of 
this play there was introduced a gawky country girl, called Sis 
Hopkins, and impersonated by Rose Melville. This character 
in Miss Melville's hands was extraordinarily popular, and Miss 
Ida Melville said that as two Topsies had proved successful in 
"Uncle Tom," why not two Sis Hopkinses? At the close of 
the season of 1894 Rose and Ida Melville journeyed to New 
York, seeking an engagement. They called upon Edward E. 




ROSE MELVILLE 



312 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Rice, who was then presenting "Little Christopher" at the Gar- 
den Theatre. The Melville sisters informed Mr. Rice that they 
had an "act" which they felt very sure would prove an excel- 
lent extra attraction for his extravaganza. The girls were 
given a chance to shown what they could do. A special per- 
formance was given one afternoon, and the Melville sisters were 
at once engaged at a salary of $150 a week. The act was billed 
as "Two Little Jays from Indiana," and the Melvilles made an 
astonishing hit. Rose Melville did all the singing and speak- 
ing, while her sister Ida simply pantomimed about the stage. 
Soon the town was talking of the Melville sisters. After a few 
weeks Ida Melville retired, leaving the field to her sister Rose, 
who changed the name of the act to Sis Hopkins. During the 
two years following the engagement in New York, Miss Melville 
was featured as Dolly Bond in Glen McDonough's musical com- 
edy, "The Prodigal Father." In this piece Sis Hopkins was in- 
troduced. In 1898, when Matthews and Bulger were seen in 
"The Sad Sea Waves" at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, 
Miss Melville introduced Sis Hopkins as a special feature. After 
the better part of a season in this play, Miss Melville appeared 
for eleven weeks in vaudeville in a sketch by Carroll Flemming 
called "Sis Hopkins's Visit." So successful was this sketch that 
Miss Melville decided that a play, with Sis Hopkins as the cen- 
tral figure, would prove a success. Mr. Flemming was commis- 
sioned to write a play, which was called "Sis Hopkins," and in 
this play Miss Melville has starred continuously for eight years. 
Miss Melville's home is at South Bend, Ind. 

MILLER, Ashley: 

Actor, was born in Cincinnati August 11, 1877, and was edu- 
cated in Detroit, Mich. He was occupied in commercial pursuits 
until his first appearance on the stage as Francois in "Riche- 
lieu" with Walker Whiteside in September, 1904. He afterward 
played Guildenstern, Lorenzo, Montano and other juvenile parts 
with Mr. Whiteside. With Otis Skinner he played Gaston in 
"Prince Otto" and Benvolio in "Romeo and Juliet," and with 
Louis James and Katherine Kidder he appeared as Oberon in 
"A Midsummer Night's Dream," Catesby in "Richard III," etc. 
He has also played juvenile parts in stock companies in Boston. 
Chicago, Philadelphia and New York. He played Lord Chalmers 
in "My Lady Peggy Goes to Town" at Daly's Theatre, and Car- 
ver Stone in "The Parisian Model" at the Broadway Theatre, 
New York, both singing parts. Mr. Miller is the author of the 
one-act plays, "All's Fair in Love," and "Caught" also of "His 
Friend the Liar," a three-act comedy, produced in Chicago. He 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 313 

is a contributor to New Thought, Unity and other psychological 
magazines, and organized a dramatic company to give plays and 
dramatic entertainments in the settlement houses and educa- 
tional institutions of New York City. Mr. Miller married Miss 
Ethel Browning, an actress. His home is at 27 Manhattan ave- 
nue, New York City. 

MILLER, Henry: 

Actor, was born in London, England, in 1859, but was reared 
and educated in Toronto, Canada, where, when he was a youth, 
he first was led to take up a stage career by reading an article 
on the early struggles of Henry Irving. At the age of fifteen he 
began to study elocution, and for the next four years he devoted 
himself to acquiring all the stage training he could get. He 
made his first stage appearance just before he was nineteen 
in a stock company performance of "Macbeth" at a Toronto 
theatre. Before the end of the season he was playing the lead- 
ing juvenile roles in classic drama with this company. In 187S 
he joined Modjeska's company, playing, as did Robert Manteil 
at that time in the same company, general utility roles. His- 
next engagement was with Adelaide Neilson, and in two seasons, 
with her company he played, among other roles, those of Peter 
in "Measure for Measure," Paris in "Romeo and Juliet," Arvi- 
ragus in "Cymbeline," and Oliver in "As You Like It." After 
a brief engagement with Ada Cavendish he was engaged by 
Augustin Daly and made his first appearance with that manager 
in "Odette" when that play was first produced at Daly's Thea- 
tre on February 6, 1882. Ada Rehan, James Lewis and John 
Drew were in the same cast. He left Mr. Daly to join A. M. 
Palmer's forces at the Madison Square Theatre, where he ap- 
peared as Herbert in "Young Mrs. Winthrop." After being lead- 
ing man for Minne Maddern for a time and playing Eric Thorn- 
dike with Agnes Booth Schoeffel in a special production of Ar- 
thur W. Pinero's "The Squire," Mr. Miller was engaged by 
Daniel Frohman as leading juvenile of the original Lyceum 
Theatre Company. There he appeared as Robert Gray in "The- 
Wife," Clement Hale in "Sweet Lavender," and Randolph in 
"The Marquise." His appearance as Kerchival West in Bronson 
Howard's "Shenandoah" was followed by his engagement by- 
Charles Frohman as leading man of the Empire Theatre Stock 
Company, and there he made his mark as Mr. Brabazon in 
"Sowing the Wind," Mr. Owen in "Liberty Hall," J. Ffolliet 
Treherne in "Gudgeons," Rudolph in "Bohemia," and David 
Remon in "The Masqueraders." He first appeared as a star in 
1896 in the original production of "Heartsease," by Charles Klein 



314 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

and J. I. C. Clarke. In 1898 he again starred in "The Master," 
be Stuart Ogilvie. In the fall of 1899 he created the leading 
role in "The Only Way," a dramatization of Charles Dickens's 
"Tale of Two Cities," by Freeman Wills, which was produced 
for the first time at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, on 
September 16. Mr. Miller has recently become a manager, and 
has been associated as joint star with Margaret Anglin. The 
season of 1905-6 he appeared in "Grierson's Way," "Zira," and 
"Young Fernald." The fall season of 1906 he produced "The 
Great Divide," a drama by William Vaughn Moody, which 
opened the Princess Theatre, New York, on October 3. He con- 
tinued to act this play the seasons of 1906-7-8. His home is at 
255 West Fifty-fiith street, New York. 

MILLIKEN, Miss Sandol (Mrs. Carlos French Stoddard) : 

Actress, was born in Nashville, Tenn., and was educated in 
Washington, D. C., and in Paris, France. Her first stage appear- 
ance was with Augustin Daly's company, where she was seen 
only in small parts. She then became leading ingenue with 
Henry V. Donnelly's Stock Company at the Murray Hill Thea- 
tre, New York. Then she joined W. H. Crane's company, play- 
ing Katrina in "Peter Stuyvesant," and Reckless Griggs in "A 
Rich Man's Son." In 1900 Miss Milliken played in "The Sprightly 
Romance of Marsac" with Macklyn Arbuckle, and the following 
season was with Jefferson De Angelis in "A Royal Rogue." Then 
followed successive seasons with "The Liberty Belles," and "The 
Defender." Later she went under Charles Frohman's manage- 
ment, playing in "The Bird in a Cage," and "The Unforeseen" 
at the Empire Theatre, New York. The fall of 1903 she sup- 
ported Miss Maude Adams in "The Pretty Sister of JoseV' and 
also supported Robert Edeson, as Mary Cahill in"Ranson's Folly." 
Miss Milliken was married to Carlos French Stoddard, of New 
Haven, Conn., March 3, 1904, since which she has retired from 
the stage. 

MILLWAKD, Miss Jessie (Mrs. John Glendinning) : 

Actress, was born in 1868 in England. Her first appear- 
ance on the stage was when she produced, with the assistance 
of amateurs, "Love's Sacrifice" at Toole's Theatre, London. Her 
performance attracted Mrs. Kendal, who offered her an engage- 
ment. She afterward played with Genevieve Ward in "Forget- 
Me-Not," and then was engaged by Sir Henry Irving for the 
part of Hero in "Much Ado About Nothing." She played other 
good parts with Irving, and accompanied him to the United 
States on his first tour of this country, afterward returning 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 315 

with him to the Lyceum in London. Charles Frohman saw her 
in New York and tempted her back to play Pauline in "Called 
Back." Returning to London, she was engaged by the Gattis 
as leading woman at the Adelphi, in conjunction with William 
Terriss, whom she accompanied to America in 1888, where they 
starred together. Returning again to England, she appeared 
with Terriss at Drury Lane in "Paul Kauvar." Miss Mill ward 
then received a four years' engagement at Drury Lane from the 
late Augustus Harris, and appeared in "A Million of Money" in 
1890, followed by "A Sailor's Knot" and other plays. In 1895 
she returned to the Adelphi, and again starred with Terris in 
melodrama up to the time of that popular actor's murder, De- 
cember 16, 1897. In 1898 she came to the United States, where 
she filled a long series of starring engagements in New York 
and other parts of the country under the management of Charles 
Frohman. She created the part of Mrs. Wilmore in "The Hypo- 
crites" at the Hudson Theatre, New York City, August 30, 1906, 
and continued playing it throughout the seasons of 1906-7-8. 
Early in 1907 Miss Millward was married to John Glendinning, 
an actor. 

MITCHELL, Miss Ada: 

Actress, was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1880, being the only 
child of J. S. and Ella Mitchell. She received a vocal educa- 
tion, and at the age of ten appeared in an amateur production, 
"Revolt of the Holidays," in Baltimore. She afterward sang in 
church choirs in her native city. She made her professional 
stage debut on August 15, 1904, at the New York Theatre, New 
York, in the chorus of "The Maid and the Mummy." Her first 
speaking part was that of Kimono in "The Mayor of Tokio," 
played at the Illinois Theatre, Chicago, on August 13, 1905. At the 
opening of the production at the Walnut Street Theatre, Phila- 
delphia, she sang the prima donna part. She is fond of all 
athletic sports and is a baseball "fan." 

MODJESKA, Madame Helena (Countess Bozenta) : 

Actress, was born in Cracow, Poland, in 1844, her father 
being Michael Opido, a Tatra mountaineer. She takes the stage 
name of Modjeska from that of her first husband, Modrzejew- 
ski, who was her guardian and to whom she was married when 
she was seventeen years old. Two of her brothers became act- 
ors, and her first husband fostered her ambition for the stage 
by organizing a small traveling company for her before she 
was eighteen. It consisted of herself as star, her husband, her 
sister and the latter's husband, and three of her brothers. For 



316 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

years she acted in small Polish towns. In 1865, returning to her 
native town, she played leading parts and became famous. Her 
first husband dying while she was still very young, in 1868 she 
was married to Charles Chlapowski, Count Bozenta, who took 
her to the Warsaw Theatre, where she made a remarkable suc- 
cess, opening in "Adrienne Lecouvreur" and continuing there 
until she and her husband were practically exiled for political 
reasons. Applying herself to studying English, she mastered it 
in nine months and made her first appearance as an English- 
speaking actress in San Francisco in 1877, where she remained 
two years, playing "Mary Stuart," "The Old Love and the New," 
"Romeo and Juliet," "Adrienne Lecouvreur," and "Heartsease/' 
She went to London for the first time in 1880 and she repeated 
her success. Madame Modjeska acted Juliet to the Romeo of 
Edwin Booth on April 30, 1883, at Booth's Theatre, New York, 
and on May 21, 1888, she was the Ophelia to the Hamlet of Ed- 
win Booth at Lester Wallack's benefit. Joseph Jefferson and 
William Florence were the two Gravediggers in the all-star cast 
In January, 1895, Madame Modjeska was suddenly stricken with 
an illness which compelled her to retire temporarily from the 
stage. For two years she lived in seclusion on her ranch in 
California. In 1898 she again resumed her career, and she has 
since starred in repertoire both in this country and in England. 
Her. home address is Arden, El Toro, Orange County, Cal. 

MOODY, William Vaughan : 

Playwright, was born in Spencer, Ind., July 8, 1869, and 
was graduated from Harvard University. His first literary work 
to attract attention was a volume of poems published in 190J. 
but it is as the author of "The Great Divide" that he is best 
known to the stage. He has also written a lyrical drama called 
"The Masque of Judgment," published in 1900, and "The Fire 
Bringer," published in 1903. "The Great Divide" was first 
produced in Albany, N. Y., September 10, 1906, and in New 
York the following October 3 with Henry Miller and Miss Mar- 
garet Anglin in the principal parts. Mr. Moody is Professor of 
English Literature at the University of Chicago. 

MOORE, Carlyle: 

Actor and stage manager, was born in Oakland, Cal., June 
17, 1875, and was educated at the University of California. Be- 
fore going on the stage he was a manufacturing chemist. He 
made his first appearance in Los Angeles, Cal., in March, 1896, 
in an Irish play with James Ward. Two years later he joined 
the Alcazar Stock Company in San Francisco, then under the 




CARLYLE MOORE 



318 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

management of Belasco and Thall, commencing as call boy at 
five dollars a week, remaining five years and ending as stage 
director. He then joined Miss Florence Roberts, and during the 
three years he was with her produced the first twelve plays she 
starred in. With James Neill, as stage director, he remained 
two years, playing everything from leads to character bits and 
producing plays. After a season as stage director for F. F. 
Proctor in New York, for one year he played Denis O'Hara in 
"Sweet Kitty Bellairs" on tour, and he then became general 
stage director for Sweely, Shipman & Co. The season of 1907-8 
Mr. Moore played, with his own company, a sketch called "The 
Man's the Thing" in vaudeville houses. Mr. Moore married Miss 
Ethelyn Palmer, an actress, July 8, 1903. His favorite recreations 
are swimming, fencing and riding. He holds the record for 
fancy and high diving. For a long time he held the Pacific 
Coast record for the broad jump, 20 feet lO 1 ^ inches. He is an 
honorary member of the Multnomah Athletic Club of Portland, 
Ore. His home is at 607 West One Hundred and Thirty-seventh 
street, New York. His summer address is Pigeon Cove, Mass. 

MOORE, Miss Decima (Mrs. F. C. Guggisberg) : 

Actress, was born in Brighton, England, December 11, 1871, 
and was educated at Boswell House College, Brighton, England. 
She made her first stage appearance at the Savoy Theatre, Lon- 
don, as Casilda in "The Gondoliers" in 1889, and was subse- 
quently seen in "La Fille de Madame Angot" at the Criterion 
Theatre, London; "The Scarlet Feather" at the Shaftesbury 
Theatre, and in "Florodora" at the Lyric Theatre, there. She 
then came to America, touring in musical comedy, and later 
was engaged by Charles Frohman to star in "All-of-a-Sudden 
Peggy." Miss Moore is the wife of Major F. C. Guggisberg, of 
the Royal Artillery. She is a member of the Ladies' Army and 
Navy Club, London. 

MOORE, Miss Irene: 

Actress, was born in Kansas City, Mo., September 29, 1890, 
her father being the late Crawford Moore, a prominent banker 
of Kansas City, and her grandfather Captain Crawford Moore, 
who represented Missouri as Senator in Washington for two 
terms. On her mother's side Miss Moore is related to Colonel 
J. C. Bowker, of Atlanta, Ga., one of the famous men of affairs 
of the South during the War of the Rebellion. Miss Moore was 
graduated from Bethany College, Topeka, Kan., and was class 
valedictorian of her year. Her first appearance on the stage 
was in the part of Meenie in "Rip Van Winkle" when she was 




IRENE MOORE 



320 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

only thirteen years old. The occasion was a benefit given by a 
stock company under the management of O. D. Woodward. She 
was graduated at the age of fifteen, and on the death of her 
father her mother took her abroad, where for two years she 
studied for a stage career. The season of 1907-8 .Miss Moore 
played the ingenue part of Dora in James K. Hackett's produc- 
tion of "John Glayde's Honor." Miss Moore speaks four lan- 
guages fluently, is an accomplished musician and possesses a 
fine voice. Her home is at 1730 Broadway, New York. 

MOORE, Miss Elsie: 

Light opera prima donna, was born on one of the Fiji Isl- 
ands, her father being the Hon. George Moore, Crown Surveyor 
of Sutro. She made her first appearance on the stage when she 
was sixteen years old as "the youngest light opera prima donna 
in Australia" in "The Gondoliers" under the management of 
J. C. Williamson. Afterward, under his management, she played 
the title roles in "San Toy," "The Belle of New York," "The 
Circus Girl," "The Runaway Girl," Dolores in "Florodora," and 
the prima donna parts in the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, mak- 
ing pronounced successes in "Patience"; as Yum Yum in "The 
Mikado," Mabel in "Pirates of Penzance," and Josephine in 
"H. M. S. Pinafore" in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. She 
came to this country in August, 1905, appearing in San Fran- 
cisco. She went to New York a few weeks later to play in "The 
Earl and the Girl," and remained with that company until 1908. 

MOORE, Victor Frederick: 

Actor, was born in Hammonton, N. J., February 24, 1876, and 
was educated in his native town and in Boston, Mass. He was 
an office boy before going on the stage and made his first ap- 
pearance at the Boston Theatre in "Babes in Toyland" as a 
"super." Then followed seasons with Arthur Sidman in "A 
Summer Shower" with John Drew in "Rosemary," later appear- 
ing in "A Romance of Coon Hollow," "The Real Widow Brown," 
and "The Girl from Paris," under E. E. Rice's management. 
Subsequently he appeared in stock in Peoria, 111.; Newark, N. J. ; 
Philadelphia and New York. In 1901 he went into vaudeville, 
playing a comedy sketch. He toured in this four years. The 
seasons of 1905-6-7 he was seen in "Forty-five Minutes from 
Broadway," in which he created the role of Kid Burns, and the 
season of 1907-8 appeared in George M. Cohan's "The Talk of 
New York," which opened at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New 
York, December 3, 1907. Mr. Moore married Miss Emma Little- 
field, an actress, June 26, 1903. His favorite recreations are 




VICTOR F. MOORE 



322 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

hunting and fishing. He is a member of the Green Room Club, 
New York. His address is 13 Worcester square, Boston, Mass. 

MORETTI, Miss Eleanor (Eleanor Rogers) : 

Actress, was born in England, being a daughter of Katherine 
Rogers and a sister of Katherine Florence., She scored one of 
her first successes in "The Silver King," playing Nellie Denver, 
and since then has played a wide range of parts. Miss Moretti 
has been associated with Alexander Salvini in most of his pro- 
ductions, and was in the original productions of "The Sporting 
Duchess" and ."The Darling of the Gods." The season of 1907-8 
she played Majena in "The Road to Yesterday," succeeding 
Helen Ware in that part. 

MORRIS, Miss Mildred: 

Actress, the daughter of the late Felix Morris, the well- 
known English actor, was born in London, and came to the 
United States when she was one year old. She lived for a time 
in Wisconsin and received her early schooling there at the Hill- 
side Home School. Later, coming to New York, she completed 
her education in the Friends' Seminary. She made her first 
appearance in New York, being an "extra" in the company of 
Mrs. Minnie Maddern Fiske which presented "Mary of Mag- 
dala" at the Manhattan Theatre, in 1902. In March of the same 
year she joined the "Little Princess" company, at first playing 
a small part and later that of Becky. In the spring of 1904 she 
was engaged for the leading boy's part, Tom, in "Two Little 
Sailor Boys." Her work in these minor parts was sufficiently 
marked to lead Richard Mansfield to engage her for his com- 
pany for the season of 1904-5, the characters she assumed being 
that of the Prince in "Richard III," and Nerissa in "The Mer- 
chant of Venice." The seasons of 1905-6-7 she played Wendy in 
Charles Frohman's production of "Peter Pan." 

MORRIS, William: 

Actor, was born in Boston in 1861. He was only fourteen 
years old when he joined the Boston Museum Stock Company. 
After serving his apprenticeship in the companies of Augustin 
Daly and Madame Modjeska, he became leading man of Charles 
Frohman's Empire Theatre Stock Company, opening that thea- 
tre as Lieutenant Hawkesworth in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." 
He left that company in 1894 to star in "The Lost Paradise.'' 
as Gil de Berault in "Under the Red Robe," and in "The Ad- 
venture of Lady Ursula." In 1901 he played in "When We 
Were Twenty-one," and since then appeared in many important 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 323 

productions. The season of 1907-8 he was seen as Jack Brook- 
field in the Chicago production of "The Witching Hour." He 
married Etta Hawkins in 1891. He is a member of The Players, 
New York. 

MOTJLAN, Frank: 

Comedian and singer, was born in New York, and, as a 
boy, was regarded as a remarkable singer. He was a member of 
the Young Apollo Club, and sang in the choir of Trinity Church. 
He afterward was solo vocalist in the choir of a Jersey City 
church. He made his first appearance on the stage with the 
Calhoun Opera Company, and in 1897 joined the Castle Square 
Opera Company as comedian. Mr. Moulan made his first big 
success in George Ade's comic opera, "The Sultan of Sulu," pro- 
duced at the Studebaker Theatre, Chicago, March 11, 1902, and 
afterward at Wallack's Theatre, New York. The last two sea- 
sons he has starred in "The Grand Mogul." Mr. Moulan mar- 
ried Miss Maud Lillian Berri, an actress. 

MURRAY, J. K. : 

Actor and opera singer, was born in Liverpool, England. 
He came to this country in 1869, settling in Pittsburg, where 
he lived until he began his stage career, in 1884, his first pro- 
fessional engagement being with Catherine Lewis. He next 
joined the McCaull Opera Company, opening in Boston in "The 
Sorcerer" in the spring of 1885. The following year Mr. Murray 
joined the Carleton Opera Company, and remained with that 
organization six years, traveling chiefly on the Pacific Coast. 
The season of 1892-3 Mr. Murray produced the Irish drama 
"Glen da Lough" at the Columbia Theatre, Boston, starring 
himself and being supported by his wife, Clara Lane. He then 
formed the Murray-Lane Opera Company, which toured the 
Western cities. In 1895 he joined the Castle Square Opera Com- 
pany. He has since sung with various operatic organizations, 
and with his wife has appeared in vaudeville. 

NATJDAIN, Miss May: 

Actress, was born in Burlington, Iowa, October 12, 1880, and 
educated at the public schools in Omaha, Neb. Her first stage 
appearance was made in 1903 as Jack in "Babes in Toyland" in 
Chicago, II. The season of 1904-5 she was seen in the role of 
Marquise Franziska in "It Happened in Nordland" w.ith Lew 
Fields. She then appeared in the prima donna role of "His 
Majesty" at the Majestic Theatre, New York, and the seasons 
of 1906-7 was with Hattie Williams in "The Little Cherub." 



324 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

The season of 1907-8 she appeared as Winnie Willoughby in 
"The Girl Behind the Counter." 

NAZIMOVA, Madame Alia (Nazimoff) : 

Actress, was born in Yalta, Crimea, on the Black Sea, Rus- 
sia, May 22, 1879. When a child she was taken to Geneva, 
Switzerland, and there received her early education and learned 
to play the violin. Returning to Russia, she made her first ap- 
pearance in Yalta, playing a violin solo at a Christmas concert 
when she was twelve years old. She then spoke French and 
German perfectly, but had to learn her native tongue, having 
only remembered a few words of Russian. A year later she en- 
tered St. Petersburg Conservatoire, in Odessa, to study the vio- 
lin. She chose instead to take the dramatic course, and at the 
end of three years she won the gold medal. While at school she 
worked as a "super" at the Artistic Theatre, under the direc- 
tion of Stanisloffsky, Russia's greatest stage director. The sea- 
son after her graduation she became leading woman and pro- 
ducer at Kostroma, in the north of Russia, playing about two 
hundred star parts in a single season in all classes of plays 
from tragedy to musical comedy. The season of 1901 she played 
in a stock company in Kerson, a small city in the south of 
Russia; the next season was at Vilna, in Poland, where she 
played "L'Aiglon," and in 1903 she was first seen in St. Peters- 
burg, playing all the leading roles, including "Zaza," " Canaille," 
"Magda," "Hedda Gabler," "Trilby," "The Second Mrs. Tan- 
queray," etc. Madame Nazimova left Russia in 1904 with Paul 
Orleneff, a famous Russian actor, for the purpose of producing 
"The Chosen People," a drama prohibited by the Russian cen- 
sors because of its racial views. The play being a huge suc- 
cess in Berlin she took it to London, playing also many other 
plays in her repertoire and some modern Russian realistic plays. 
With Orleneff and their company she came to this country in 
the fall of 1905, opening in repertoire at the Criterion Theatre, 
New York. Her ability was so marked that she was induced to 
remain in this country. In May, 1906, when she signed a con- 
tract to act in English the following November, she only knew 
half a dozen words of that language. Her appearance as Hed- 
da Gabler at the Princess Theatre, under the management of 
Henry Miller was hailed as a triumph. This was followed by 
"A Doll's House," and in the spring of 1907 she opened at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York, in "Countess Coquette," a play by 
Roberto Bracco. The fall of 1907 she appeared as Hilda Wan- 
gel in Henrik Ibsen's "The Master Builder," and in December 
was seen in Owen Johnson's "The Comet" at the same theatre. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 325 

NESBITT, Miss Miriam: 

Actress; while a student at the Wheatcroft Dramatic School, 
New York, in 1897, attracted the attention of Charles Frohman, 
and in the season of 1898-9 she was a member of his stock com- 
pany, playing Monica in "The Tree of Knowledge," succeeding 
Mary Mannering, and supporting James K. Hackett. In 1899 
she was also in the original cast of "The White Horse Tavern" 
at Wallack's Theatre, New York, playing Attille. In 1900 she 
played the Fishing Girl in the same play on the road, and was 
leading woman in Frederick Bond's summer stock company at 
Albany. She then signed with Joseph Haworth, and played un- 
til January, 1901, in "Robert of Sicily" with him, appearing the 
remainder of the season with Ada Rehan in "Sweet Nell of Old 
Drury." In 1901-2 she was William H. Crane's leading woman 
in "David Harum," and in 1902-3 leading woman with Chauncey 
Olcott in "Old Limerick." In 1903 she was also leading woman 
with Henry E. Dixey in "Facing the Music," and played as 
leading woman in "The County Chairman" at Wallack's Theatre, 
New York, and in Chicago. In August, 1904, she went to Eng- 
land, and toured through September and October as leading 
woman in "A Stranger in a Strange Land," playing the Ameri- 
can Girl in an entirely English company. In December she ap- 
peared at the Duke of York's Theatre, London, in "Peter Pan.'' 
In 1905 she returned to America and supported Henrietta Cros- 
man in "Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary" until January, 1906, 
when she supported Lawrance D'Orsay in Augustus Thomas's 
"The Embassy Ball." The seasons of 1906-7-8 she was seen in 
"The Road to Yesterday." 

NETHERSOLE, Miss Olga: 

Actress, was born in Kensington, London, in 1870. Her 
mother was of Spanish descent, and her father a scion of one 
of the oldest Kentish families. She was educated in Germany. 
The death of her father, who was a barrister in London, made 
it necessary that she should provide for herself, and she chose 
the stage as the field for her work. Miss Nethersole had some 
experience as an amateur before making her professional d6but 
as Lettice Vane in Henry Hamilton's play, "Harvest," produced 
at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, England, March, 1887. After 
a year in the English provinces, Miss Nethersole made her first 
appearance in London in July, 1888, at the Adelphi Theatre in 
"The Union Jack." She next played the leading role at the St. 
James's Theatre in "The Dean's Daughter," and later she cre- 
ated the role of Lola Montez in "The Silver Falls." For the 
opening of the new Garrick Theatre, in 1889, she was engaged 



326 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

to create the role of Janet Preece in A. W. Pinero's "The Profli- 
gate." She also appeared under the same management in this 
theatre as Floria in "La Tosca," and in "A Fool's Paradise." 
After a ten months' tour in Australia, during which she ap- 
peared in "The Idler," "Moths," "The Village Priest," "The For- 
tune of War," "A Scrap of Paper," etc., she returned to London 
and appeared as the Countess Zicka in a revival of "Diplomacy." 
At this time, too, she created the leading role in "The Silent 
Battle/' a play written by an American novelist, Isaac Hender- 
son, and produced at the Criterion Theatre. In 1894 Miss 
Nethersole leased the Royal Court Theatre, in London, and there 
produced "The Transgressor." Her American debut took place 
at Palmer's Theatre, New York, October 15, 1894, in "The Trans- 
gressor." In May, 1895, she was again at the Garrick Theatre, 
London, playing the leading character in Pinero's "The No'ori- 
ous Mrs. Ebbsmith." June 6, 1896, Miss Nethersole produced 
"Carmen" at the Gaiety, London, and in 1897 brought it to the 
United States, where her portrayal of the rdle of Carmen and 
the "Nethersole kiss," as it was called, caused widespread com- 
ment. In 1898 Miss Nethersole leased His Majesty's Theatre, 
London, and there produced "The Termagant," by Louis N. 
Parker and Murray Carson. In 1902 she leased the Adelphi 
Theatre, in London, and produced Clyde Fitch's adaptation of 
Daudet's novel, "Sapho." The same year she produced that 
play at Wallack's Theatre, New York, and both actress and play 
came into great prominence through the efforts made to stop 
her from presenting it. The case was taken to the Supreme 
Court, and finally, Miss Nethersole winning, she continued to 
present the play. The season of 1905-6 she made her fifth tour 
of the United States, and presented, in addition to her repertoire. 
"The Labyrinth," a version of "La Dedale," by W. L. Courtenay. 
She returned to Europe, and the season of 1907-8 toured the 
United States in repertoire. Miss Nethersole's homes are at 5 
Norfolk street, Park Lane, London, England, and Villa Lou Bas- 
quou, Biarritz, France. 

NIELSEN, Miss Alice (Mrs. B. Nentwig) : 

Prima donna, was born in Nashville, Tenn. Her father was 
a Dane, and her mother was of Irish descent. During the Civil 
War her father, who was a professional violinist, while fighting 
on the Union side, received a wound which eventually caused 
his death. Left a widow when Alice was eight years old, Mrs. 
Nielsen, with her three children, went to Kansas City and opened 
a boarding-house at Thirteenth and Cherry streets. Alice waa 
educated at St. Teresa's Academy, and took singing lessons 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 327 

from Professor Max Desci. Joining the choir of St. Patrick's 
Church, Kansas City, in 1888, Miss Nielsen's voice soon attracted 
much attention. In 1890 she became the wife of Benjamin Nent- 
wig, the organist of the church. They had one child, a boy, but 
the marriage proved unhappy, and was followed by a divorce. 
Miss Nielsen sang in church for five years, and then, in 1892, 
she went with a concert party which became stranded in St, 
Joseph, Mo. Obtaining an engagement to sing at the Eden 
Musee there for a week, thus getting money to pay her way 
home, she joined the Pike Opera Company and sang in the 
chorus of that organization in Oakland, Cal. Her voice and 
personality attracted the notice of George E. Lask, the stage 
manager of the Tivoli Opera Company, and he engaged her to 
play small parts at first. In a very short time she rose to be 
prima donna of the organization, and there Henry Clay Bar- 
naby, of the Bostonians, heard her sing Lucia. The result was 
an engagement with the light opera organization. She made 
her first appearance with the Bostonians as Anita in "The War 
Time Wedding." She was then given the small part of Anna- 
belle in "Robin Hood," and soon after was cast for Maid Marian, 
the prima donna part. She made her first big success as Yvonne 
in "The Serenade," which had a long run at the Knickerbocker 
Theatre, New York. She then became a star, her first medium 
being "The Fortune Teller," by Stanislaus Stange, with lyrics 
by Harry B. Smith and music by Victor Herbert, produced in 
1898. Miss Nielsen's next great success was in "The Singing 
Girl." In 1902 Miss Nielsen went to London to play in "The For- 
tune Teller," with which she had again been successful in this 
country, and there Henry Russell, a well-known musical critic 
and manager, heard her and took her to Rome to study for 
grand opera. She made her first appearance as a grand opera 
prima donna at the Bellini Theatre, Naples, as Marguerite in 
"Faust." She next sang in "La Traviata" at the San Carlo 
Opera House in Naples. An engagement at Covent Garden, 
London, followed. Then she won successes as Zerlina in "Don 
Giovanni," and Suzanne in "The Marriage of Figaro." The au- 
tumn of 1905 Miss Nielsen was prima donna at the Covent Gar- 
den opera, London, singing Mimi to Caruso's Rodolpho in Puc- 
cini's "La Boheme," and Gilda in "Rigoletto" to the Rigoletto 
of Maurel. In May, 1906, Miss Nielsen and Madame Calve al- 
ternated parts at the New Waldorf Theatre, London. Miss Niel- 
sen returned to this country in the fall of 1906 to appear in 
grand opera with a company of which she and Nordica were 
the prima donnas. The season of 1907-8 she starred in this 
country with the San Carlos Opera Company. 



328 WHO'S WHO OX THE STAGE 

NILLSON, Miss Carlotta: 

Actress, was born in Sweden about thirty years ago. At 
the age of ten she came to America with her mother, settling 
in Wisconsin. From there she moved to Minnesota, where she 
lived in poverty among a settlement of her country people. Some 
time later she went to San Francisco. At the time of her ar- 
rival there Modjeska was playing "Marie Stuart." Miss Nillsou 
applied for a position with her company, and because of her 
responsiveness the celebrated actress employed her as "extra 
girl." Then she came to New York and found a place in the 
chorus with Daly, which she abandoned after a few days for a 
forty weeks' engagement of one-night stands as ingenue in "The 
Private Secretary." At the end she became ill from exhaustion 
and was forced to give up the stage for some months. She was 
next out with a company under the management of John Stet- 
son, playing "The Crust of Society," and "Shenandoah," and re- 
mained with it two years. Miss Nillson then retired from the 
stage for three years, during which time she studied with Will- 
iam Farren and Genevieve Ward, in England, and then returned 
to America, appearing as Eunice in "Quo Vadis," and as the 
Adventuress with Mrs. Lemoyne's company in "Among Those 
Present." The following year she appeared as Mrs. Elvesta in 
"Hedda Gabler" with Mrs. Fiske, and was finally engaged by 
Charles Frohman for Pinero's "Letty." The season of 1906-7 
and of 1907-8 she starred in "The Three of Us." 

NOBLES, Milton (Tamey) : 

Actor, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was educated at the 
public schools there. He began his stage career in stock com- 
panies; and finally branched out as a star, playing in "The 
Phcenix," which lasted him twenty years. Subsequently he was 
seen in "From Sire to Son," "For Revenge Only," "The Inter- 
view," and "A Man of the People." In June, 1881, Mr. Nobles 
married Miss Dollie Woolwine, an actress in his company, and 
in 1895 they went into vaudeville, where they have since re- 
mained. 

NORDICA, Mme. Lillian (Norton) : 

Grand opera prima donna, was born in Farmington, Me. 
She was the granddaughter of "Camp Meeting" John Allen, a 
New England preacher, who was noted for the bitterness of his 
attacks on the stage. She began her musical studies in Bos- 
ton under Professor O'Neill, of the New England Conservatory 
of Music. Before she was sixteen she had sung as a soloist in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 329 

oratorio for the Handel and Haydn societies. Her first twelve 
operatic roles were studied under Marie Maretzek. Subsequently 
she appeared with Gilmore's Band at two concerts in the old 
Madison Square Garden. She accompanied the bandmaster 
abroad, appearing at concerts in Liverpool, London and on the 
Continent. After appearing with him in Paris, she went to 
Italy with her mother, and there began the study of grand opera 
under San Giovanni. She made her debut as a grand opera 
prima donna at Brescia, Italy, in April, 1879, in "La Traviata." 
After appearing at Genoa and Novara in October, 1881, she 
went to St. Petersburg and sang "Mignon" before the Czarina. 
After singing in Moscow she went to Paris, making her initial 
grand opera performance there in "Faust" in 1882, and later 
singing in "Hamlet." While appearing in Paris she was mar- 
ried to Frederick Gower, well known as a scientist and electri- 
cian. Mr. Gower but a few months after his marriage met his 
death while conducting a series of electrical experiments in a 
balloon that ascended from Woolwich Arsenal, England. The 
balloon was carried out to sea and collapsed, and Gower and a 
companion were drowned. Through her husband's death she 
came into a fortune of a quarter of a million dollars. After this, 
in 1886, Madame Nordica returned to the stage, from which she 
had been absent for three years, appearing at Covent Garden, 
London, in "La Traviata." On March 28, 1890, she made her 
first appearance in her native land with Signer Tamagno in "II 
Trovatore." Afterward she went to Bayreuth and, under Ma- 
dame Wagner's instructions, studied the part of Elsa in "Lo- 
hengrin," which role she created in the original production at 
Bayreuth. After this she made some of her most notable suc- 
cesses in Wagnerian roles. In 1895 she made her first appear- 
ance in America in "Tristan und Isolde." On the eightieth an- 
niversary of the birthday of Queen Victoria, Madame Nordica 
appeared at Windsor Castle and sang Elsa in "Lohengrin" for 
the Queen, the first time a Wagner opera was ever heard by Her 
Majesty. For several years Madame Nordica has been one of 
the leading prima donnas at the Metropolitan Opera House, New 
York, where she has sung all the roles which have made her 
famous. 

NOBDSTROM, Miss Marie: 

Actress, was born at Fort Apache, Ariz., April 12, 1886, and 
was educated at the Georgetown Convent, D. C. She made her 
first stage appearance May 27, 1904, in Philadelphia in the one- 
act play "David Garrick," with Henry Dixey, in vaudeville. The 
fall of 1905 she originated the role of Angie in "The Passing 



330 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Parent," and later that of Nancy Warburton in "The Man on 
the Box." The season of 1906-7 she was seen in the leading 
role in that play on tour. She returned to vaudeville, appear- 
ing in a one-act sketch with Mr. Dixey the season of 1907-8. 
Miss Nordstrom's address is 1615 Twenty-first street N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

MORRIS, William (Block) : 

Actor, was born in New York June 15, 1870, being the son 
of Elias M. and Harriet Maye Block. He was educated in the 
Cosmopolitan and Boys' High School, San Francisco. As an 
amateur he played the Frenchman in "Esmeralda" in 1891. His 
first appearance on the professional stage was in December, 
1892, in "The Girl from Mexico." A year or two later he 
scored his first success with Marie Jansen in "Delmonico's at 
Six," and "Miss Dynamite," his eccentric piano-playing in both 
of these pieces attracting much attention. The season of 1895-6 
Mr. Norris appeared with E. M. and Joseph Holland in "A 
Man with a Past," and "A Social Highwayman," and the next 
year he was seen in Charles Frohman's production of "The 
Thoroughbred." Then came a short term with Thomas Q. Sea- 
brooke in "Papa Gou Gou," and later he was in this same 
opera, then entitled "A Normandy Wedding," at the Herald 
Square Theatre, New York; and the season following he had 
a strenuous time of it in "Little Miss Nobody," "The Belle of 
New York," "A Dangerous Maid," and "His Excellency the 
Governor," in which last he scored a hit. In 1899 Mr. Norris 
appeared as Pinchas in "The Children of the Ghetto"; 1900, as 
Adonis, the dwarf jester, in "In the Palace of the King"; with 
Viola Allen" 1901, as Pepe in "Francesca Da Rimini" with Otis 
Skinner; 1902, as Barry in "A Country Girl"; 1903, as Alan in 
"Babes in Toyland"; 1904, as Chambhuddy Ram in "The Cinga- 
lee," and 1905, as the Man in the Moon in "The Land of Nod." 
The summers of 1900, 1901, 1903 and 1906 he played in Chicago 
in the respective productions of "The Burgomaster," "King 
Dodo," "A Business Man," and "The Strenuous Life." The sea- 
son of 1906-7 Mr. Norris appeared in "Sir Anthony" at the 
Savoy Theatre and was at the Empire with Ethel Barrymore, 
being specially engaged to play his original r61e, Baverstock, 
in the revival of "His Excellency the Governor." The season of 
1907-8 he was seen as Benjamin Partridge in "Tom Jones," pro- 
duced November 11, 1907, at the Astor Theatre, New York. Mr. 
Norris is a member of The Players, The Lambs, New York, and 
Pacific Lodge, A. F. and A. M. 




WILLIAM NORRIS 



332 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

NOVELL!, Ermete: 

Actor, was born in Lucca, Italy, May 5, 1851. He made his 
first stage appearance in 1866, playing in comedy roles. In 1885 
he toured with his own company through Italy, later appearing 
with marked success in France and England. He opened his 
own theatre, the Casa Goldini, in Rome in 1900, conducted upon 
the same lines as the Comedie Frangais in Paris, France. He 
came to this country in 1906, and appeared at the Lyric Thea- 
tre New York, in extensive repertoire. The season of 1907-8 he 
again visited the United States, appearing in "The Merchant of 
Venice," "Othello," "The Outlaw" and numerous classical and 
romantic roles. He later went on tour. 

OAKER, Miss Jane (Mrs. Hale Hamilton) : 

Actress, was born in St. Louis, Mo., her maiden name be- 
ing Miss Minnie Peeper, and her father, Christian Cornelius 
Peeper, being the son of the late Christian Peeper, a millionaire 
tobacco manufacturer. After considerable experience in lead- 
ing parts, Miss Oaker attracted much attention by her perform- 
ance of Mrs. Curtis Jadwin in Channing Pollock's adaptation of 
the late Frank Norris's novel, "The Pit," in which she sup- 
ported Wilton Lackaye the season of 1905-6. Later she was 
seen with Mr. Lackaye in the title role in "Trilby." The fall 
of 1907 Miss Oaker played Annie Hunter in "The Silver Girl," 
by Edward Peple, produced at Wallack's Theatre, New York, 
October 14, 1907, and was later seen in stock in New Orleans, 
La., with William Farnum. Miss Oaker was married to Hale 
Hamilton in 1905. Her home is in St. Louis. 

OBER, Robert (Robert Howard Ober) : 

Actor, was born at Bunker Hill, 111., September 3, 1881, and 
was educated at Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. Before 
going on the stage he was in the wholesale dry goods business, 
and was afterward in the box office of the Century Theatre, St. 
Louis. He made his first appearance at the same theatre in 
March, 1897, playing the part of the Express Messenger in "In 
Mizzoura" with the Colonel Hopkins Stock Company. The sea- 
son of 1902-3 he was in "My Friend from India," and "Who's 
Baby Are You?" under the management of M. B. Price. The 
following season he was in "Soldiers of Fortune," and "Tit for 
Tat" at the Savoy Theatre, New York. The season of 1903-4 
he was with the Pittsburg Stock and the Hunter Bradford Stock 
companies, Hartford, Conn. Following seasons he was with 
Arnold Daly in "You Never Can Tell," with Miss Henrietta 
Crosman in "The Little Gray Lady," and with Charles Rich- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

man in "Gallops." The summer of 1906 he was again with the 
Bradford Stock Company. The season of 1906-7 Mr. Ober opened 
with Arnold Daly in repertoire, but the company disbanded 
after three weeks. He afterward played with Nat Goodwin in 
special matinees of "When We Were Twenty-one" at the Bijou 
Theatre, New York; in "The Double Life" with Henri de Vries, 
and with Fay Templeton in "Forty-five Minutes from Broad- 
way." The season of 1907-8 he was seen in "Brewster's Millions" 
under the management of Cohan and Harris. His home is at 
5146 Kensington avenue, St. Louis, Mo. 

OLCOTT, Chauncey (John Chancellor) : 

Actor and singer, was born in Buffalo July 27, 1860, and was 
educated at the public schools in that city. He made his first 
appearance as a ballad singer in 1880 with a minstrel show 
under the management of the late R. M. Hooley, and remained 
with that organization two years. He then joined the Haverly 
Minstrels, and later was with the Carncross Minstrels in Phila- 
delphia. A period with the Denman Thompson company fol- 
lowed, when he became a member of the Duff Opera Company, 
staying with it several seasons, playing tenor parts. He also 
sang in light operas in England for two years, then returned to 
this country and took up the line of business as a star in Irish 
musical dramas left vacant by the death of W. J. Scanlan. Since 
then Mr. Olcott has been regarded as the leading Irish singing 
romantic star in this country. The season of 1907-8 he was 
seen in "O'Neill of Derry," by Theodore Burt Saver. Mr. Olcott 
married, September 28, 1897, Margaret O'Donovan, of San Fran- 
cisco. His homes are at Fruitvale, Cal., and Saratoga, N. Y. 
He is a member of The Lambs and The Players, New York, and 
the Democratic Club, Buffalo, N. Y. 

O'NEILL, James: 

Actor, was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, November 15, 1849. 
He was brought to this country when he was five years old, 
and was educated in Buffalo and Cincinnati. After working in 
a clothing store, he made his first appearance on the stage, in 
1868, as a "super"' in the National Theatre, Cincinnati, during 
an engagement of Edwin Forrest. After a season of barnstorm- 
ing and at the St. Louis Varieties, he joined the company of 
Robert Miles in Cincinnati, leaving that to become leading juve- 
nile at the Holliday Street Theatre, Baltimore, and leading man 
at the Academy of Music, Cleveland, where he played Icillius 
to the Virginius of Edwin Forrest. He also appeared in 
"Macbeth" with Charlotte Cushman. In 1871 Mr. O'Neill 
became leading man at McVicker's Theatre, Chicago, a 



334 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

place he retained for two years. He then joined the Hooley 
Stock Company. In 1875 Mr. O'Neill joined A. M. Palmer's 
New York company, playing two years at the Union Square 
Theatre. He created the part of Pierre in "The Two Orphans" 
in this country, played the Prince in "The Danicheffs," and 
Jean Renaud in "A Celebrated Case." The following three years 
he was at Baldwin's Theatre, San Francisco. In 1880 Mr. 
O'Neill impersonated the Saviour in "The Passion Play" on its 
production in San Francisco. Mr. O'Neill played in "Deacon 
Crankett" in 1882, and starred for a while in "An American 
King." Early in 1883 John Stetson revived the drama "The 
Count of Monte Cristo" at Booth's Theatre, New York. Charles 
P. Thorne, Jr., played the part of Edmond Dantes the first 
night and died the next day. Mr. O'Neill took up the part, 
which he continued to play almost continuously for sixteen 
years. In 1898 he appeared as D'Artagnan in "The Musketeers.'* 
Since then he has appeared in various romantic dramas, but his 
reputation is chiefly associated with "Monte Cristo" and "The 
Musketeers," "Virginius" and "Julius Caesar." The fall of 1907 
he played an engagement in his repertoire at the Lyric Theatre, 
New York. He completed the season on tour. Mr. O'Neill's 
home is at New London, Conn. 

O'NEILL, Miss Nance (Gertrude Lamson) : 

Actress, was born in Oakland, Cal., in 1875. She made her 
first appearance at Weber and Fields's Theatre, New York, in a 
small part in "The Long Strike" December 7, 1896. The follow- 
ing two years she was leading woman with the Murray Hill 
-Stock Company, and in 1898 toured California as a star under 
the management of McKee Rankin, who invented her stage 
name, it being a combination of those of Nance Oldfield and 
Eliza O'Neill, famous English actresses of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. In March, 1900, Miss O'Neill appeared in Sydney, New 
South Wales, there commencing a starring tour of the world. 
She made her first appearance in London, England, September 
1, 1902, as Madge. Returning to this country, she has since 
starred at the head of her own company under the management 
of McKee Rankin, playing in "Magda," "Camille," "Hedda Ga- 
bler," "Macbeth," etc. The season of 1907-8 Miss O'Neill was 
seen in vaudeville houses, playing Shakespearian duologues with 
McKee Rankin. Her home is at Tyngsboro, Mass. 

OPP, Miss Julie (Mrs. William Faversham) : 

Actress, was born in New York in 1873, and was educated 
in a convent there. When she was twenty years old she began 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 335 

writing. As a reporter she went to Paris and interviewed Calv& 
and Sarah Bernhardt. Both urged her to adopt the stage as a 
profession, offering their advice, influence and support. Return- 
ing to this country, Miss Opp made her first public appearance 
in the spring of 1896 at a recital given by Madame D'Hardelot 
at the Waldorf, New York. She recited "The Birth of the Opal," 
by Ella Wheeler Wilcox. The same year, returning to Paris, 
she made her first appearance on the legitimate stage, with 
Madame Bernhardt, in the ballroom scene in "Camille." She 
then obtained a year's engagement in the company of George- 
Alexander at the St. James's Theatre, London, during which she 
was understudy to Julia Neilson in "The Prisoner of Zenda,' r 
and played Hymen in "As You Like It." During the illness of 
Miss Neilson she played Rosalind and made her first big suc- 
cess. She was next seen in "The Princess and the Butterfly" in 
London, and in 1898 she appeared in this country in the same- 
play, afterward being seen as Belle in "The Tree of Knowl- 
edge." She then went back to London and played several lead- 
ing parts at St. James's Theatre there, where she created the 
role of Katherine de Vancelle in "If I Were King." Returning: 
to this country under engagement with Charles Frohman, Miss 
Opp played leading parts in the company supporting William 
Faversham, whose wife she became in 1902. She continued to 
play leads with her husband until 1905, on October 31 of which 
year a son was born to them. The Favershams have a farm in 
England. Their home in this country is at 214 East Seventeenth 
street, New York. 

O'ROURKE, Eugene: 

Actor, was born in New York July 28, 1863, and was edu- 
cated at the public schools of that city and at the Jesuit Col- 
lege of St. Francis Xavier. His father, Frank O'Rourke, was 
school commissioner and trustee, and also Democratic leader 
of the Sixth Ward. Mr. O'Rourke made his first appearance on 
the stage in the company of Harrigan and Hart, playing Paddy 
Duffy in "Squatter Sovereignty," and the season of 1887-8 he 
supported Miss Minnie Palmer in "My Sweetheart." The fol- 
lowing season he was with the Hanlon Brothers in "La Voyage- 
en Suisse" and "Fantasma." In 1890 he was co-star with Ag- 
nes Robertson (Mrs. Dion Boucicault) in "Arrah-na-Pogue." 
After supporting William H. Powers in "The Ivy Leaf" he ap- 
peared in "The Isle of Champagne" with Thomas Q. Seabrooke- 
the season of 1902-3. He then starred for six years in "The 
Wicklow Postman," and in 1898 he supported Miss Delia Fox 
in "The Little Host." In 1899 he was with "The Rogers Broth- 



336 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ers in Central Park," following that with three seasons in 
vaudeville in his own sketch. In 1901 he was with "Glittering 
Gloria" at Daly's Theatre, New York, making a great hit with 
the song "Cordelia Malone." The following season he was with. 
"The Money Makers" at the Liberty Theatre, New York, and 
then was for two seasons in "George Washington, Jr.," playing 
Senator Hopkins. The season of 1907-8 he played in "The 
Dairymaids," opening at the Criterion Theatre, New York, 
August 25, 1907. His favorite recreations are swimming, fish- 
ing, and breeding game-cocks. He is a member of the New 
York Athletic Club and the Harlem Boat Club. His home is at 
1229 Tinton avenue, New York City, and his summer address, 
Stony Brook, Long Island, N. Y. 

OTERO, Caroline (La Belle Otero ; Mrs. Rene Webb) : 

Dancer, was born in Puente Valga, Spain, in 1871, being the 
daughter of the Count and Countess Carassow. She made her 
first stage appearance at the age of eight, playing in operettas 
and at salon concerts. She first jumped into prominence while 
dancing in a small town near Madrid, when she was abducted 
by secret agents of the Spanish King, spirited off to his palace 
and locked in a room. She forced a window and escaped. In 
1890 she toured in America, and then appeared in Vienna, Buda 
Pesth and Paris, where she made a marked success at the Cirque 
D'Ete, and remained there two seasons. She then went to Ber- 
lin, and later was seen at the Folies Marigny in the pantomime, 
"Une Fete a Seville." She has visited the United States on 
several occasions since then. Miss Otero was married to the 
Marquis de Otero, a Spanish nobleman, at the age of thirteen. 
Three years later she eloped, and in 1889 the Count obtained a 
divorce. In November, 1906, she was married to Rene Webb, a 
wealthy Englishman. 

OTIS, Miss Elita Proctor (Mrs. William Carpenter Camp) : 

Actress, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, where her father, Will- 
iam Henry Otis, was a banker. Her grandfather, William A. 
Otis, was a Boston banker. Her uncle, Charles A. Otis, late 
Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, was a partner of the late Senator 
Mark Hanna, of Ohio. Her paternal grandmother was Eliza 
Proctor, sister of Senator Redfield Proctor, of Vermont, and a 
lineal descendant of the English poetess, Adelaide Proctor. Her 
maternal grandmother was a sister of Mayor Fitler, of Philadel- 
phia. Miss Otis became a professional actress through her suc- 
cess as an amateur in the productions of the Comedy Club, in 
which Elsie De Wolfe and Mrs. James Brown Potter first be- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 337 

came proficient as amateurs. She first achieved popularity as 
Mrs. Eastlake Chapel in John Stetson's production of "The Crust 
of Society," and afterward starred under his management in a 
number of comedy roles, including those of Lady Gay Spanker 
in "London Assurance," and Lady Teazle in "The School for 
Scandal." A. M. Palmer engaged her for his production of Au- 
gustus Thomas's "New Blood," and she was subsequently the 
player of the leading woman roles in Charles Frohman's pro- 
ductions of Adelphi melodramas, "Sporting Life" being among 
her notable successes. After a starring tour as Nancy Sikes in 
her own version of "Oliver Twist," she was engaged by W. A. 
Brady to create the leading role in "Wine and Women." She 
has appeared frequently in vaudeville sketches, and for a time 
was stock star in the Proctor Fifth Avenue Stock Company. In 
the New York revival of "The Two Orphans" she played Mme. 
Frochard. The season of 1906-7 she was with Lew Fields's com- 
pany, at the Herald Square Theatre, in "About Town." Early 
in the season of 1907-8 Miss Otis played a sketch in vaudeville 
houses, and later was seen in Paul Armstrong's "Society and 
the Bulldog," produced at Daly's Theatre, New York, January 18 ; 
1908. In 1900, while playing in "The Brixton Burglary" at the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York, she was married to William 
Camp, a New York broker, son of Isaac Camp, the organ manu- 
facturer, of Chicago. Miss Otis lives with her husband at 142 
West Forty-fourth street, New York. 

PALMER, Miss Minnie (Mrs. John R. Rogers) : 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia March 31, 1860, and was 
educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, New York. She 
made her first appearance, when she was fourteen years old, in 
"Le Pavilion Rouge" at the Park Theatre, Brooklyn, June 8, 
1874. Two years later she was seen at the old Lyceum Thea- 
tre, New York, in "Off the Stage," "The Pique Family," "The 
Day After the Wedding," and a burlesque of "Black-Eyed Susan." 
She then played the part of Dorothy in "Dan'l Druce" at Booth's 
Theatre, Laura in "The Little Rebel" (1877), and Minnie Sym- 
person in "Engaged" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre (1879). The 
following year she played Jessie in "The Boarding-house" at the 
San Francisco Music Hall. In 1882 Miss Palmer first appeared 
as Tina in "My Sweetheart," a part which she played continu- 
ously for six years, chiefly in England. On April 29, 1889, she 
played in "My Brother's Sister" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York. The following Christmas she played the title role 
in the pantomime of "Cinderella" at Her Majesty's Theatre, 
London. She produced "Suzette" at Herrmann's Theatre, New 



338 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

York, October 11, 1890. Subsequently she toured England for 
some years, playing "My Sweetheart," and Loo in "The School- 
girl." She has since been chiefly seen in vaudeville. 

PALMER, Miss Ethelyn (Mrs. Carlyle Moore) : 

Actress, was born in Grand Rapids, Mich., January 21, 1879, 
and was educated at Bethany College, Kansas. She made her 
first stage appearance in "The Orphan Sisters" in Chicago in 
1895, and her first year in the profession she played Virginia 
in "Virginius," Desdemona in "Othello," and Ophelia in "Ham- 
let," supporting Warren Conlan. She then went to New York, 
opening at Daly's Theatre with Mrs. Brown Potter and Kyrle 
Bellew in "Roineo and Juliet" and "La Collier de la Reine." In 
1897 she was featured in the leading part in "Northern Lights" 
under the management of William Calder. She then alternated 
leads with Miss Eleanor Robson in the Salisbury Stock Company 
in Milwaukee. The season of 1898 she was with the Woodward 
Stock Company in Kansas City, and the following season she 
starred in "The Young Wife." She next played the Lady in 
"The Cowboy and the Lady" under the Liebler management, and 
was then featured with Kate Claxton in "The Two Orphans." 
She has since been in stock in Portland, Ore.; Buffalo, Albany 
and New York. The season of 1907-8 she supported her husband, 
Carlyle Moore, in a sketch in vaudeville. Miss Palmer was mar- 
ried to Carlyle Moore, July 8, 1903. She holds many blue rib- 
bons for riding and driving, her father Lyman Fish Palmer 
being a breeder of fine stock in the Middle West. She is also 
an expert swimmer. Her home is at 607 West One Hundred 
and Thirty-seventh street, New York. Her summer address is 
Pigeon Cove, Mass. 

PARKER, Louis Napoleon: 

Playwright and composer, was born in Calvados, France, 
October 21, 1852, and was educated at the Royal Academy of 
Music and at Freiburg. At the age of seventeen he wrote his 
first play, and upon leaving the academy was made director of 
music at the Sherborne School in Dorset, England. He retained 
that position until 1891, when he resigned to devote his entire 
time to playwriting. His most important works are "Rosmer- 
sholm;" "Rosemary," written in collaboration with Murray Car- 
son; "Magda," a translation; "Cyrano de Bergerac," adapted 
for the late Richard Mansfield; "The Cardinal"; "L'Aiglon," in 
which Maude Adams starred; "The Sorceress," translated for 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell; "Beauty and the Barge," in which Nat 




ETHELYN PALMER 



340 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

C. Goodwin appeared; "The Duel," starred in by Otis Skinner 
the season of 1906-7, and a translation of Henri Bernstein's "The 
Fold" for Viola Allen the season of 1907-8. Mr. Parker is a 
member of the Garrick and Pilgrim clubs, London. His home is 
in King William street, London, England. 

PARRY, William : 

Manager, actor and stage manager, was born in Manchester, 
England^ January 9, 1856. His parents kept the Royal Hotel, 
adjoining the Theatre Royal, frequented by actors. This brought 
William in touch with the theatrical profession, and when ten 
years old he became a call boy. In the stock company at that 
time were Henry Irving, Charles Wyndham, Lionel Brough, 
George Rignold, John L. Toole and others. Mr. Parry's first 
appearance as an actor was as the Third Apparition in "Mac- 
beth." He then played Robin in "The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor," and General Boom in the pantomime of "Gulliver's Trav- 
els.'' He was then taken to London with Colonel Mapleson's 
Italian Opera Company under the special care of Theresa Tiet- 
jens and Sir Charles Santley, who saw to the finishing of the 
boy's education, insisting upon his mastering the Italian and 
French languages. Between the opera seasons in London Will- 
iam Parry served as call boy at the opening of the original 
Gaiety Theatre under John Hollingshead's management, and at 
Covent Garden Theatre in the production of "Babel and Bijou" 
under the stage management of Dion Boucicault and Augustus 
Harris (father of the late Sir Augustus). When nineteen years 
old he was appointed stage manager, for the first time, with 
Tomasso Salvini. At twenty-six he organized the William Parry 
Italian Opera Company and toured the provinces of England, 
Ireland, Scotland and Holland. He came to America with Colo- 
nel Mapleson, and was for many seasons stage manager at the 
Academy of Music, and afterward at the Metropolitan Opera 
House under Abbey, Schoeffel & Grau. For four years he was 
stage manager for David Henderson in Chicago and elsewhere, 
producing the big spectacular extravaganzas "Sindbad the Sailor," 
"Ali Baba" and others. In the summer of 1896 the Parry Opera 
Company opened a season of opera in English at the Manhattan 
Beach Theatre, producing "Very Little Faust." In 1900 he gave 
a season of English opera at Terrace Garden. He was stage 
manager for Henry W. Savage's English Opera Company, and in 
1907 was stage manager for the Van den Berg and Sheehan Opera 
companies. He has staged many dramatic plays, sketches and 
one-act plays for vaudeville. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 341 

PASTOR, Antonio (Tony) : 

Entertainer and manager, was born in New York in 1837. 
He made his first appearance on the stage at Barnum's Museum, 
New York, in the fall of 1846. He played the tambourine in a 
minstrel company. On April 1, 1847, he went on a tour with 
this troupe, which was a side show for a menagerie. He was 
billed as "the infant prodigy." Then he became a rider in the 
circus and, as comic songs were features of circus performances 
in those days, he became a comic singer as well. He followed 
the circus business until 1861, when he deserted it to sing comic 
songs for Frank Rivers. After that he went to New York and 
opened at old "444" Broadway, making a specialty of singing 
"The Star Spangled Banner." In May, 1861, he opened the 
Broadway Music Hall, at Broadway and Broome street, where 
he remained until January, 1863, when he returned to "444." 
On March 22, 1865, he began his managerial career with Sam 
Sharpley as a partner. They opened at 201 Bowery. They gave 
a variety performance to which women could go, and which 
omitted the smoking and drinking features that had character- 
ized such shows up to that time. He remained there for ten 
years. In October, 1875, he removed to the first Tony Pastor 
house in Broadway, which was called Tony Pastor's Theatre. It 
was in this house that Lillian Russell was first introduced to 
the public. There he remained until October, 1881, when the 
Fourteenth street house was opened, in which Tony Pastor has 
remained ever since. Among the stars and managers who were 
graduated from there were Harrigan and Hart, Nat Goodwin, 
Harry Kernell, Pat Rooney, Evans and Hoey, Denman Thomp- 
son, Neil Burgess and W. J. Scanlan. 

PATTI, Madame Adelina (the Baroness Cederstrom) : 

Prima donna, was born in Madrid, Spain, February 19, 1843V 
her father being a musician and her mother a well-known ope^ 
ratic vocalist. When Patti was a baby her parents came to- 
this country, and the future prima donna made her first ap- 
pearance in New York at Niblo's Garden when she was seven? 
years old. Two years later she was singing at the old Lyceum. 
Theatre, at Broadway and Broome street, between the acts of 
farces and extravaganzas. At that time she was known as "La: 
Petite Adeline," and was accompanied on the piano by Signorina 
Eliza Valentina, who was her singing teacher. She made her 
debut as an adult at the Academy of Music, New York, in 1859. 
and her first huge success was made at Covent Garden Theatre, 
London, in "La Sonnambula" in 1862. Since then she has sung 
in all the capitals of the world, and has been regarded as the 



342 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

greatest of operatic vocalists. She made a farewell concert tour 
of this country in 1904, and in December, 1906, she gave her 
farewell concert at tne Albert Hall, London. Madame Patti mar- 
ried the Marquis de Caux in 1868. She was divorced from him 
and married Signer Nicolini, a tenor vocalist, in 1886. After 
his death she married the Baron Cederstrom in 1899. Her 
home is Craig-y-Nos Castle, Ystradgynlais, Breconshire, Wales, 
England. 

PAYNE, William Louis: 

Actor, was born in Elmira, N. Y. He is the son of Alfred 
T. Payne, an artist, now living in New York. He had been an 
actor some years when, on July 13, 1906, he married Mrs. Les- 
lie Carter at Portsmouth, N. H., while on an automobile trip. 
Besides being a member of many stock companies previous to 
his marriage, Mr. Payne had played Orville Baher in "Eben 
Holden," Goldarnheim in "Her Majesty," Otto Struble in "An 
American Citizen," Ingomar Cartridge in "Ambition," Mr. Jones 
in "David Garrick," Dave in "In Mizzoura," Winkle in "Mr. 
Pickwick," Esrom in "Nazareth," Smiley Green in "Bird Cen- 
tre," and Howard Lemngwell in "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots." The 
season of 1907-8 he was with Mrs. Carter in repertoire. Mr. 
Payne is a member of The Lambs. 

PAYTON, Corse: 

Actor and manager, was born at Centreville, Iowa, Decem- 
ber 18, 1867. He made his first appearance on the stage at the 
age of sixteen in the role of Luke Bloomfield in "Dora" in a 
company made up entirely of members of his own family. The 
organization went on tour and was successful for several years. 
In 1890 Mr. Payton was playing the leading comedy part in 
"Larking." The next season he organized his first company and 
up to 1895 played in repertoire through the Middle West. That 
year he took his company East. He is now the lessee and man- 
ager of Corse Payton's Theatre, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

PEPLE, Edward Henry: 

Playwright, was born in Richmond, Va., August 10, 1867, 
and was educated at the academy of John P. McGuire, Rich- 
mond, Va. He began life as an accountant, and was in the em- 
ployment of the American Bridge Company, New York, when he 
wrote his first play, "A Broken Rosary." The play which at- 
tracted most attention to Mr. Peple as a playwright was "The 
Prince Chap," produced in the fall of 1895, with Cyril Scott in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 343 

the principal part. It ran throughout two seasons. The fall of 
1906 "The Love Route," by Mr. Peple was produced, and Octo- 
ber 14, 1907, "The Silver Girl" from his pen was seen at Wai- 
lack's Theatre, New York. Mr. Peple's home is at 132 West 
Ninety-sixth street, New York. 

PHILIPS, Augustus: 

Actor, was born in Rensselaer, Ind., August 1, 1873, and was 
educated at the public schools of that place. His first appear- 
ance on the stage was made in Champagne, 111., December 10, 
1891, playing Smokey in "Under the Gas Light." He toured iu 
repertoire throughout the West until 1901 when he joined the 
Proctor Stock Company as leading man, with which organiza- 
tion he is still connected. Mr. Philips is a member of the Brook- 
lyn Elks and the Green Room Club. His favorite recreation is 
ranching. 

PINERO, Arthur Wing: 

Playwright, was born in London May 24, 1855, being the 
son of John Daniel Pinero, a lawyer. Early in life he married 
Myra Emily Hamilton, an actress. After leaving school he 
spent some time in his father's office, but before being articled 
as a lawyer he decided to become an actor. He first appeared 
in 1874 as general utility man in small parts at the Theatre 
Royal, Edinburgh, at five dollars a week. A year later he went 
to London and appeared at the Globe Theatre. From 1876 to 
1881 he was a member of Henry Irving's company at the Ly- 
ceum Theatre. It was during his first year at this house that 
he wrote his first playlet, a one-act farce called "200 a Year," 
the manuscript of which he presented to R. C. Carton, who ob- 
tained its production at the Globe. His next efforts were "By- 
gones," and "Daisy's Escape," produced in 1880, both of which 
were utilized as curtain raisers by Mr. Irving, with the young 
author in the leading parts. His first really successful play was 
"The Money Spinner," produced by John Hare and the Kendals 
in 1880 at the St. James's Theatre, London. The following year 
he gave up playing, and has since devoted himself to playwrit- 
ing. Included in his works are "Hester's Mystery," "Lords and 
Commons," "In Chancery," "The Magistrate," "The Hobby 
Horse," "Dandy Dick," "Sweet Lavender," "The Profligate,'' 
"The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith," "Lady Bountiful," "The Ama- 
zons," "The Gay Lord Quex," "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," 
"Iris," "Trelawny of the Wells," and "His House in Order," 
produced in New York at the Empire Theatre by John Drew 



344 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

and company in September, 1906. Mr. Pinero's home address 
is 14 Hanover square, London, W. 

PLYMPTON, Eben: 

Actor, was born in Boston, Mass., on February 7, 1853. After 
leaving school he held a position as bookkeeper on the Boston 
Post, devoting most of his leisure time to amateur theatrical 
performances. He overtaxed his strength and was sent to Cali- 
fornia to regain his health. While there he obtained his first 
professional engagement, with Joseph Proctor, and made his 
debut in Stockton, Cal., and then played a season at Sacramento. 
There he gained a wide experience in acting, appearing fre- 
quently in five plays a week. Then he was engaged by John 
McCullough for leading juvenile parts at the California Theatre 
in San Francisco. Subsequently he played juvenile parts at the 
Park Theatre in Brooklyn, and from there was transferred to 
the Wallack Stock Company in New York, with which he re- 
mained two seasons. On November 23, 1875, he made his ap- 
pearance in the Union Square Theatre as Andre in ''Rose Mi- 
chel," and he also appeared in this house in support of John 
T. Raymond in "The Gilded Age" as Clay Hawkins. Next sea- 
son he acted as the chief support of Adelaide Neilson, playing 
among other roles Romeo to her Juliet; Sebastian in "Twelfth 
Night," and Leonatus in "Cymbeline." He supported Lawrence 
Barrett during a part of a season, and was the original Lord 
Travers in "Hazel Kirke," which had such a successful run at 
the Madison Square Theatre, New York. A long tour in Eng- 
land with the celebrated Kate Bateman followed. He then re- 
turned to America and resumed the leading man's position at 
the Madison Square Theatre, appearing as Dave Hardy in "Es- 
meralda." In the spring of 1882 he went to London, playing 
opposite parts to Edwin Booth, and toured America the follow- 
ing season with Mr. Booth. He was the leading support of Mary 
Anderson in 1877 during her first engagement in New York at 
the Fifth Avenue Theatre. Among more recent engagements 
Mr. Plympton has played Philip II of Spain in "The Palace of 
the King," Master Walter in an all-star cast of "The Hunch- 
back," Mercutio in an all-star cast of "Romeo and Juliet," Sir 
Harcourt Courtleigh in "London Assurance," and the Bishop \n 
the production of "The Duel" at the Hudson Theatre, New York. 
The season of 1907-8 he appeared in Booth Tarkington's "The 
Man from Home." In the all-star cast which presented "Ham- 
let" at the Metropolitan Opera House in 1888, as a testimonial 
to Lester Wallack, he played the part of Laertes. His home is, 
at Silver Lake, Plymouth County, Mass. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 34S 

POLLOCK, Channing: 

Playwright, was born in Washington, D. C., March 4, 1880, 
and was educated at the Bethel Military Academy of Virginia 
and the Polytechnique, Prague, Austria. He began life as a 
newspaper man on the Washington Post and Times, and then 
became press agent for William A. Brady, the Shuberts and 
others. He is the author of a novel called "Behold the Man," 
and many magazine stories. His original plays are "A Game 
of Hearts," "The Little Gray Lady," and "Napoleon the Great." 
He dramatized the novels "The Pit," "In the Bishop's Carriage," 
and "The Secret Orchard," produced in the fall of 1907; and he 
is part author of "Clothes," produced by Miss Grace George at 
the Manhattan Theatre, New York, in 1906. Mr. Pollock mar- 
ried Miss Anna Marble, a well-known writer, August 9, 1906. He 
is a member of the American Dramatists', the Green Room and 
the American Yacht clubs. 

POST, Guy Bates: 

Actor, was born in Seattle, Washington, in 1875, his fa- 
ther being of English and his mother of Dutch parentage. 
His sister, Madeline Post, is a well-known actress, having played 
in Charles Frohman's companies. Mr. Post had an early lean- 
ing toward the stage and made many appearances as an ama- 
teur, his first being in the part of Cassius in "Julius Caesar" at 
a performance given by St. John's Episcopal Church in San 
Francisco. He made his stage debut in Chicago in 1893 at the 
Schiller Theatre as the Printer in the production of "Charlotte 
Corday," by Kyrle Bellew and Mrs. James Brown Potter. He 
made his first marked success in the role of Robert Rockett in 
"My Lady Dainty," by Madeleine Lucette Ryley, with Herbert 
Kelcey and Effie Shannon at the Madison Square Theatre, New 
York. Following this he appeared successively as Captain Stuart 
in Richard Harding Davis's "Soldiers of Fortune," Steve in 
Owen Wister and Kirke La Shelle's "The Virginian," in Clyde 
Fitch's "The Marriage Game," "The Bird in the Cage," and 
"Major Andre"; "A Rose o' Plymouth," by Evelyn Greenleaf 
Sutherland and Beulah Marie Dix; as Joe Lacy in Paul Arm- 
strong's "Heir to the Hoorah," and in a production of "Manon 
Lescaut" at Wallack's Theatre, New York. His most marked 
achievements have been in his roles in "The Virginian," "Sol- 
diers of Fortune," "My Lady Dainty," and "The Heir to the 
Hoorah," in the last named of which he went on tour the fall 
season of 1906. He married Sarah Truax, a well-known actress, 
in 1897. A divorce followed. He is an accomplished pianist and 
linguist and an adept at all athletic sports. One of his boasts 



346 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

is that he never rides in an elevator. He is a member of The 
Lambs and The Players, New York. 

POTTER, Mrs. James Brown (Cora Urquhart) : 

Actress, was born in New Orleans, where her family was 
socially prominent, her father being Colonel David Urquhart. It 
was not until after her marriage to James Brown Potter, of 
New York, the son of one of the most prominent and wealthy 
citizens of the metropolis, that she took up amateur theatricals. 
Her striking looks and the elegance of her gowns, coupled with 
native ability, combined to attract attention to her work, and 
it was not long before she sought the professional stage. She 
made her d6but in London, at the Haymarket Theatre, March 
29, 1887, as Anne Sylvester in "Man and Wife," by Wilkie Col- 
lins, appearing to such advantage that she received a note of 
congratulation from the author. From the Haymarket she went 
to the Gaiety, where she appeared in "Civil War" and "Loyal 
Love." She then returned to her native land, and six months 
after her first London appearance made her American debut. 
She toured America for two years, playing as a star and sup- 
ported by Kyrle Bellew, included in her repertoire being "Romeo 
and Juliet," Pauline in "The Lady of Lyons," Kate Hardcastle 
in "She Stoops to Conquer," "Camille," and "Antony and Cleo- 
patra." In March, 1890, she made her first Australian tour, in 
which she added "La Tosca" and "Margaret Gautier" to her 
roles. From Australia she went to India, China and Japan, Mr. 
Bellew still being her leading man. She then returned to Lon- 
don, and after playing a short season, in which she appeared in 
"Charlotte Corday," "Hero and Leander," and "Francillon," she 
made another American tour. She went to Australia in 1897 for 
the second time. She returned to London the same year, to ap- 
pear at the Haymarket as Miladi in "The Musketeers." In 1901 
she created the role of Calypso in Stephen Phillips's "Ulysses." In 
1904 she leased the Savoy Theatre, London, and produced there, 
with Gilbert Hare, dramatic versions of "Pagliacci" and "Caval- 
leria Rusticana." The venture was a failure. She has recently 
been seen in vaudeville houses in London. She separated from 
her husband early in her professional career, and in 1903 the 
courts of New York dissolved the marriage. They had one child, 
whose custody was given to Mr. Potter. 

POTTER, Paul M. : 

Playwright, was born in Brighton, England, June 2, 1853. 
and began life as a newspaper man. From 1881 to 1887 he was 
on the staff of the New York Herald as foreign editor, London 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 347 

correspondent and dramatic critic. He was afterward associated 
with the Chicago Tribune. His first play was produced in May, 
1889. It was "The City Directory." Since then he has written 
"The Ugly Duckling," in which Mrs. Leslie Carter took part, in 
1890; "The World's Fair," in 1891; "The American Minister," 
for W. H. Crane, in 1892; "Sheridan; or, The Maid of Bath," 
for Sothern, in 1893; "Our Country Cousins," in 1893; "The 
Pacific Mail," for Crane, in 1894, and "The Victoria Cross," pro- 
duced in 1894. He adapted "Trilby" for the American stage, 
and it was first produced at the Park Theatre, Boston, March 13, 
1896, with Wilton Lackaye and Virginia Harned in the principal 
parts. His other plays and the dates of their production are: 
"The Stag Party," 1896; "The Conquerors," 1898; "Under Two 
Flags," 1901; "The Red Kloof," 1902; "Notre Dame," and "The 
Schoolgirl," 1904. 

POWELL, Edward Soldene: 

Actor and stage manager, was born in London, England, 
February 28, 1865, being the son of John Powell and Emily Sol- 
dene (Powell), an English actress. He was educated at private 
schools and at King's College, London. His first stage appear- 
ance was made in 1886 at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, in 
"A Run of Luck." Then followed two years as stage manager 
with David Henderson and one year with the Boston Ideals. 
He left the stage-managing business and took up acting again, 
appearing for two seasons in "The Foundling" under Charles 
Frohman's management, one season in "What Happened to 
Jones," five seasons with William Gillette in "Sherlock Holmes'' 
and "The Admirable Crichton," a season with William H. Crane, 
and that of 1907-8 was seen in "My Wife" with John Drew, pro- 
duced at the Empire Theatre, New York, August 31, 1907. Mr. 
Powell married Harriet Aubrey in 1897. His favorite pastime is 
agriculture. 

POWER, Tyrone: 

Actor, was born in London in 1869. His father, Harold 
Power, has long been identified with stage affairs in London, 
and his grandfather, Tyrone Power, who lost his life in the sink- 
ing of the steamer President in 1841, was a well-known Irish 
comedian. Tyrone Power made his stage debut November 29, 
1886, at St. Augustine, Fla., as Gibson in "The Private Secre- 
tary." Later he played with Madame Janauschek, and soon aft- 
erward became a member of Augustin Daly's company. For ten 
years he received the training that has made many actors fa- 
mous, playing both minor and major parts in the New York 



348 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

productions of the noted manager. After Mr. Daly's death Mr. 
Power starred in Australia, and in July, 1902, he played a special 
engagement with Sir Henry Irving in London. The same year 
he played Judas Iscariot in Mrs. Fiske's production of "Mary 
of Magdala" at the Manhattan Theatre, making in that role 
one of the chief successes of his career. He next was starred 
by Charles Frohman as Ulysses in his production of Stephen 
Phillips's drama of that name at the Garden Theatre, New York. 
The season of 1904-5 he appeared as Arkissus in David Belsaco's 
production of "Adrea" at the Belasco Theatre, New York, with 
Mrs. Leslie Carter. In 1906 he was seen as Lonowanda in "The 
Redskin" at the Liberty Theatre, New York, and he was lead- 
ing man with Henrietta Crosman in "The Christian Pilgrim," 
produced at the Liberty Theatre, New York, November 11, 1907. 
Mr. Power married Miss Edith Crane, an actress, in 1898. His 
home is at 58 West Sixty-eighth street, New York. 

POWERS, James T. : 

Comedian, was born in New York April 26, 1862, and was 
educated at the public schools there. He was a "Western Union 
messenger boy for a time and also a clerk in a tea store. His 
first stage venture was with a minstrel troupe, which gave one 
performance in Mount Vernon, N. Y., and walked home. His 
next venture was at Long Branch, N. J., where, in May, 1878, 
he did a knockabout song and dance in a variety hall. He then 
formed a partnership with James Carney and did vaudeville 
turns for two years. Then he played a season in stock at the 
Eighth Street Theatre, New York. In 1882 Mr. Powers played 
the Policeman in "Evangeline." This was practically his first 
appearance as a comedian on the legitimate stage. He after- 
ward played Chip in "Dreams" with Willie Edouin, and Grimes 
in "A Bunch of Keys." He went to London with Edouin the 
following year, and after a season at the Avenue Theatre toured 
with the Vokes family. He was in a revival of "Chilperic" at 
the Empire Theatre, London, and played the Emperor of Moroc- 
co in the 1884-5 pantomime of "Whittington and His Cat" at the 
Drury Lane Theatre. Returning to this country in 1885, he 
played Rats in "A Tin Soldier" for two years, and in 1887 
joined the New York Casino Theatre Company, his first part 
being Briolet in "The Marquis." In this role he made his first 
big success. Succeeding roles were Farragas in "Nadjy," Jack 
Point in "The Yeomen of the Guard," Gravolet in "The Drum 
Major," and Cadeaux in a revival of "Erminie." Mr. Powers's 
first starring venture was with "A Straight Tip" in 1890. This 
was followed by "A Mad Bargain," "Walker, London," by J. M. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 34;) 

Barrie, and "The New Boy/' by Arthur Law, after which, in 
1897, he joined the Daly musical comedy company, playing 
Augustus Biggs in "The Circus Girl," the Chinaman in "The 
Geisha," and Flipper in "A Runaway Girl," in which part he 
made one of the chief successes of his career. More recent plays 
in which he has been featured are "The Messenger Boy," and 
"The Jewel of Asia." From 1905 to 1908 he starred in "The 
Blue Moon" under the management of the Shuberts. 

PRIEST, Miss Janet (Mrs. Thomas Robb, Jr.) : 

Actress, was born in East Lowell, Me., November 26, 1881. 
She was educated at the East High School, Minneapolis, Minn., 
and was graduated from the University of Minnesota with the 
degree of B. L. For some time she was dramatic and literary 
editor of the Minneapolis Tribune. She made her first appear- 
ance on the stage November 30, 1904, as Bob in "A Little Out- 
cast" at Alexandria, Ind., under the management of J. D. Bar- 
ton. The seasons of 1905-6-7 Miss Priest was with the Carte 
Amusement Company, playing Muggsy in "The Maid and the 
Mummy." In the spring of 1907 she played May Flood, the 
deacon's daughter, in "His Honor the Mayor" under the man- 
agement of Alfred E. Aarons. Miss Priest was married to 
Thomas Robb, Jr., June 11, 1907. She is a member of the Delta 
Delta Delta Greek letter society. Her favorite recreations are 
swimming and writing. Her summer home is at Port Washing- 
ton, Long Island. 

PRINCE, Miss Adelaide (Mrs. Creston Clarke) : 

Actress, was born in London, England, her family name be- 
ing Rubenstein. She was brought to America when a child, 
her parents settling in Texas. She lived for a short while in 
Galveston, taking an active part in amateur theatrical enter- 
tainments thereabouts, and in 1888 came to New York to seek 
employment on the professional stage. She made her first ap- 
pearance in "A Possible Case" under the management of J. M. 
Hill, in which she attracted the attention of Augustin Daly, and 
during the season of 1889-90 was seen in his company, where 
she remained four years, playing such parts as Lady Twombley 
in "The Cabinet Minister," Olivia in "The Twelfth Night," and 
Maria in "Love's Labor Lost." Following her engagement with 
this organization she appeared for a season in "The Prodigal 
Daughter," and then became leading woman with Creston Clarke. 
In 1901 Miss Prince supported Viola Allen, and the following 
year was with Ethel Barrymore in "The Country Mouse." She 



350 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

has also been seen in "Ulysses" with Tyrone Power and Rose 
Coghlan, "Glittering Gloria," and on tour with "The Other Girl." 
The season of 1906-7 she appeared with William Gillette in. 
"Clarice," produced at the Garrick Theatre, New York. In 1907 
she was seen in Channing Pollock's "The Secret Orchard." Miss 
Prince married Creston Clarke April 17, 1895. 

PROCTOR, Miss Cathrine: 

Actress, was born in Ottawa, Canada, and educated in To- 
ronto. When only nine years old she appeared at concerts as 
a dramatic reader, and while yet attending school she studied 
elocution under various masters. Her first instructor was Fran- 
cis Brown. In 1896 she received a scholarship from Dr. Carlyle 
of the dramatic department of Toronto College of Music, and 
the following year won the prize offered by Dr. Neff, of the Neff 
College of Oratory, for the best reader in the Toronto schools. 
In 1899 Miss Proctor, in conjunction with H. N. Shaw, principal 
of the dramatic class of the Toronto College of Music, appeared 
in many amateur dramatic productions, her first part being 
Hermia in "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at the Hallowe'en 
performances given by the students of the University of Toronto. 
By a curious coincidence she made her first important New York 
appearance in the same part. In June, 1900, Miss Proctor won 
the gold medal for the highest honors in Mr. Shaw's class. The 
same summer, while still in her 'teens, she was engaged for a 
small part in "L'Aiglon" with the Maude Adams company, and 
eventually played Therese de Loget the bulk of the season. That 
was her first appearance on the professional stage. In 1902 Miss 
Proctor played ingenues in a stock company touring Canada, and 
the summer of 1903 was with a stock company in Birmingham, 
Ala. In 1904 she became leading woman to Maude Adams in 
"The Pretty Sister of JosS," and the following season she was 
with Charles Frohman's "The Other Girl" company. She was 
general understudy during the opening season of "Peter Pan'' 
at the Empire Theatre, New York, and in 1906-7 played Hermia 
with Annie Russell in the production of "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream," which opened the Astor Theatre, New York, September 
12, 1906. In this Miss Proctor made a remarkable success, the 
New York critics being unanimous in praise of her acting, espe- 
cially in the quarrel scene. On January 18, 1908, she was seen 
in the leading role in Paul Armstrong's "Society and the Bull- 
dog" at Daly's Theatre, New York. Miss Proctor's sister Maud is 
also an actress. Her permanent address is 43 Sumach street, 
Toronto, Canada. 




CATHRINE PROCTOR 



352 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

PROCTOR, David: 

Actor, was born in 1878 and was graduated from one of the 
dramatic schools in New York. He made his first professional 
appearance with Miss Mary Mannering in 1902, taking a part 
in "The Stubbornness of Geraldine." During the two seasons 
he was with Miss Mannering he created the role of Lieutenant 
Von Bern in "Harriet's Honeymoon." The next year found Mr. 
Proctor in the support of Amelia Bingham, playing general busi- 
ness, but before the season's close he was cast for the lead of 
Edward Warden in "The Climbers." He also appeared for a 
time with Herbert Kelcey and Effie Shannon in vaudeville. The 
seasons of 1905-6-7 Mr. Proctor embarked upon a starring tour 
in "A Message from Mars," visiting that territory left untouched 
t>y Charles Hawtrey. The season of 1907-8 he supported May 
Robson in "The Rejuvenation of Aunt Mary." 

PROCTOR, F. F.: 

Vaudeville manager, is a native of Maine. He has been a 
leading manager of vaudeville for thirty-one years, and during 
that time has succeeded in obtaining control of a great number 
of the prominent vaudeville artists who make tours of the United 
States. He began business in a small way, but gradually ex- 
tended his connections until, in 1890, he was in control of a 
circuit of twelve leading theatres in all parts of the country. 
In 1889 he built his theatre in Twenty-third street, New York, 
just off Sixth avenue, and ran it as a legitimate house until 
1892, when he changed its policy to the presentation of continu- 
ous vaudeville, on which lines it has been successfully run ever 
since. In 1895 he opened the Pleasure Palace in East Fifty- 
eighth street and Third avenue, which is one of the largest 
theatres in the city. This house was built especially for Mr. 
Proctor. In 1900 he obtained a lease of the Fifth Avenue Thea- 
tre, Broadway and Twenty-eighth street, and this house has been 
managed by him since. In 1906 he made a combination with 
B. F. Keith, his most formidable rival in the vaudeville field, 
and the theatres now conducted by Keith & Proctor are the 
Fifth Avenue, Union Square, Twenty-third Street, Fifty-eighth 
Street, One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Street, and Harlem Opera 
House, New York City. The houses under F. F. Proctor's in- 
dividual control are Proctor's Newark (N. J.) Theatre, Proctor's 
Albany Theatre and Proctor's Troy Theatre, New York State. 

PRTJETTE, William: 

Actor and singer, was born in Washington, D. C., and made 
his first appearance on the stage at McVicker's Theatre, Chi- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 353 

cago, singing a small part in Italian opera with Madame Patti. 
At that time he was known as Signer Pruetti, and under that 
name he appeared in Paris. Returning to this country, he 
joined the Emma Abbott Opera Company, singing all the leading 
baritone roles in a wide range of grand operas. He also ap- 
peared with success as Mazouk in "Girofle Girofla." Mr. Pruette 
created the part of Alflo in "Cavalleria Rusticana" on its first 
production at the Casino Theatre, New York. He was with the 
Bostonians some time, playing the title part in "Robin Hood," 
and he has sung in many hundreds of light operas. His more 
recent engagements were with Fritzi Scheff in "Mile. Modiste" 
and in the Shubert production of "fhe Tourists." 

QUINLAN, Miss Gertrude: 

Actress and singer, was born in Vermont and was educated 
in Boston, where she made her first stage appearance with the 
Castle Square Opera Company. After singing in the chorus 
some years she rose to be principal soubrette of that organiza- 
tion. She made her first success as Annette in "King Dodo" 
under the management of Henry W. Savage in 1901, following 
this by playing Chiquita in "The Sultan of Sulu" during its 
long run at Wallack's Theatre, New York, and for two full sea- 
sons. The seasons of 1904-5-6-7 she played Flora Wiggins in 
"The College Widow." The season of 1907-8 she appeared as 
Honour in "Tom Jones," opening at the Astor Theatre, New 
York, November 11, 1907. 

EAWLSTON, Miss Zelma: 

Actress and singer, was born in New York City and edu- 
cated at the public schools there and in Europe. She was a 
church singer before joining the chorus at the Casino Theatre, 
New York, where she made her first appearance. She afterward 
appeared in "Nadjj r ," and as Susie Miller in "The Hustler," and 
Queen Titania in "The Brownies." Miss Rawlston first attracted 
attention as a male impersonator, and became known as "The 
American Vesta Tilly." She appeared as Little Billie in "Thril- 
by," a burlesque of "Trilby," and then made a pronounced suc- 
cess as the Infanta in "1492." She then devoted much of her 
time to vaudeville. In 1900-1 Miss Rawlston was the Willie Van 
Astorbilt in "The Burgomaster" at the Manhattan Theatre, New 
York, and in 1904 she was featured in "Louisiana," which ran 
twenty weeks at the St. Louis Exposition. The seasons of 190i>- 
6-7 she played Liza Shodham, with Eddie Foy, in "The Earl 
and the Girl." Miss Rawlston's favorite recreations are fishing, 
sailing, swimming and traveling. 



354 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

RANDOLPH, Miss Louise : 

Actress, was born in Leavenworth, Kan., and was educated 
in Boston, Mass., where she made her first stage appearance, 
playing small parts with the Castle Square Stock Company. In 
1900 she played Ottilie in "At the White Horse Tavern." Then 
followed an engagement in "Lover's Lane" under the manage- 
ment of W. A. Brady, and two more seasons in stock companies 
at Boston and Albany, N. Y., after which she played in "Foxy 
Grandpa" and in "The Player Maid." The season of 1905-6 Miss 
Randolph was in "The Genius and the Model" with Henry 
Woodruff, and when Nat Goodwin acquired that play she went 
to the Proctor Stock Company at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York. The season of 1906-7 she again appeared in "The 
Genius" with Nat Goodwin at the Bijou Theatre, New York; 
then again joined the Proctor forces, being a member of the 
Harlem Stock Company throughout the season of 1907-8. 

RANDOLPH, Miss Virginia: 

Actress, was born near Charleston, S. C., in 1882, and was 
educated at a convent founded and endowed by her ancestors in 
that State. Before going on the stage she was prominent in 
social circles in the South, and made such a pronounced success 
as an amateur actress that she determined to adopt the stage 
as a profession. After a few engagements with companies tour- 
ing the South, she went to New York and for two years studied 
for the stage. She made her first professional appearance in 
Mrs. Fiske's production of "Marta of the Lowlands." The fol- 
lowing season she was in Mme. Modjeska's company on the Pa- 
cific Coast. The spring of 1907 she was a member of a stock 
company in Newark, N. J., and the season of 1907-8 she played 
the leading ingenue role in "The Heart of Maryland" under the 
management of David Belasco. Her home is in Charleston, S. C. 

RANKIN, Arthur McKee: 

Actor, was born in Sandwich, Canada, in 1841. His first 
appearance was made at Rochester, N. Y., under the stage name 
of George Henley. Five years later he appeared in London, 
England, at the Olympic Theatre, under his own name. He 
made his New York debut as Johnny Reilly in "The Long 
Strike," and, after being seen at Niblo's Garden with the late 
Lydia Thompson in "Mosquito" in 1870, he became leading man 
at the Union Square Theatre, retaining that position until 1875. 
On August 22, 1877, he produced "The Danites," playing the 
part of Alexander McGee, at the Broadway Theatre, New York. 
He subsequently played this piece all over the world with great 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 355 

success. He became manager of the Third Avenue Theatre, New 
York, in 1883, and four years later was seen in "The Golden 
Giant." He produced "The Canuck" in 1890, "A Kentucky 
Colonel" in 1902, and his own play, "True to Life," in 1896. 
Subsequently he was seen in "A Bachelor's Baby," and "Captain 
Imprudence." In 1898 he became manager for Miss Nance O'Neill, 
elevating her to the position of a star and supporting her in 
Shakespearian and other productions. Together they have toured 
nearly all the English-speaking countries of the world. The 
season of 1907-8 Mr. Rankin and Miss O'Neill were seen in 
Shakespearian duologues in vaudeville houses in this country. 
Mr. Rankin is the father of Miss Phyllis Rankin (Mrs. Harry 
Davenport), the well-known actress. 

RANKIN, Phyllis (Mrs. Harry Davenport) : 

Actress, is the daughter of McKee Rankin and went on the 
stage, when she was ten years old, as the child in "Storm- 
beaten" with her lather's company. She did not reappear until 
she was sixteen, when she played in "Sarah" at Wallack's Thea- 
tre in New York. Then she joined the Rose Coghlan company, 
and afterward supported Mrs. John Drew in "The Rivals" and 
other old English comedies. After gaining stage experience she 
rejoined her father in a play called "The Canuck," and then 
played in "The Danites" with him. She is the only woman who 
ever played the title role in "An Artful Dodger." When she was 
nineteen she married Harry Davenport, the actor. She created 
the part of Fifi in "The Belle of New York," and in this she 
made a distinctive hit in London. She has since chiefly been 
seen in "Glad of It," "It Happened in Nordland," "Wolfville," 
and "Glittering Gloria." 

RANNEY, Frank: 

Actor, was born in Boston August 6, 1863, being the son of 
Richard and Catherine Ranney. He founded the Hyde Park 
(Mass.) Dramatic Club in 1880, and appeared with that organi- 
zation in many amateur performances. His first professional 
appearance was in the chorus of "Ruddygore" at the Globe Thea- 
tre, Boston, under the management of John Stetson. His first 
important role was that of Rocco in "The Mascot" with the 
Boston Gayety Opera Company. In the last twenty-two years he 
has been with only four managers John Stetson, George A. 
Baker, Bessie Bonehill and Henry W. Savage and has appeared 
in all kinds of parts in 125 comic operas in all sections of the 
country. He has been stage manager for Henry W. Savage for 
eight years. 



356 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

RAY, Miss Ruby: 

Actress, was born in Buenos Ayres, South America, and be- 
gan her stage career as a dancer at the Avenue Theatre, Lon- 
don, England. She later toured with Charles Hawtrey through. 
Australia, and then was seen as Iris in "A Greek Slave," mak- 
ing her first marked success. The season of 1904-5 she appeared 
as Minnie Templer in "A Message from Mars" with Charles Haw- 
trey, and the following year as Daisy Armytage in "Three Little 
Maids." She also played the roles of the Duchess in "The 
Catch of the Season," and Lady Rosaline in "The Belle of May- 
fair," all in London. Late in the season of 1906-7 she was with 
Grace George in "Divorgons" in London, and the season of 1907-8 
appeared in "The Dairymaids," opening at the Criterion Thea- 
tre, New York, August 25, 1907. 

RAYE, Miss Thelma: 

Actress, was born in Rio de Janeiro, South America, and was 
educated in Liverpool, England. She made her first appearance 
in 1905 in "The Little Michus" under George Edwardes's man- 
agement, understudying Miss Denise Orme in the role of Marie 
Blanche. She learned the violin, that she might be able to sing 
and play her own obligate if called upon to take Miss Orme's 
part. Pleased with her enthusiasm, Mr. Edwardes sent her on 
tour in the leading role of that play at the end of the season. 
Subsequently she succeeded May De Sousa in the revival of 
"The Geisha" at Daly's Theatre, London. Then she appeared 
as Pervenche in "The Merveilleuses" on tour, and as the Prin- 
cess in "The New Aladdin" at the Gaiety Theatre, London, Eng- 
land. The season of 1907-8 she was seen in "The Dairymaids," 
opening at the Criterion Theatre, New York, August 25, 1907. 

RAYMONDS, Miss Frankie (Mrs. David Henderson) : 

Actress, was born in Salem, Mass., in 1874. When a child 
she evinced an aptitude for the stage, appearing in amateur 
theatricals, and finally attracted the attention of David Hender- 
son who, in 1890, was organizing a company for the production 
of Gilbert and Sullivan's "Gondoliers." She obtained a place in 
the chorus, and after a few weeks the management intrusted 
her with a small part. In the following year she played a part 
in the American Extravaganza Company, and before the season 
was over appeared as the principal boy and principal girl, which 
she continued to play for three years. She then entered larger 
fields and has successfully played many parts, among them being 
Josephine in "The Lottery of Love," Susan in "Held by the 
Enemy," Edith in "Young Mrs. Winthrop," Mrs. Echo in "A 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 357 

Crust of Society," Susanne in "A Scrap of Paper," Mrs. De 
Peyster in "The Charity Ball," Meg in "Lord Chumley," Belinda 
in "Our Boys," and Sophie in the musical comedy "A Country 
Girl." She also successfully played in the plays made famous 
by the late Rosina Yokes. The fall season of 1906 Miss Ray- 
nionde appeared in "The Society Policeman," supporting Guy 
Standing, under the Shubert management, opening at Atlantic 
City, N. J., on October 8, 1906. Miss Raymonde was married to 
David Henderson in November, 1896. 

KAYMOND, Miss Maud (Mrs. Gus Solomon) : 

Comedienne, was born in Orchard street, New York, and 
educated in the public schools of the East Side. She made her 
first appearance on the stage with the Rice and Barton com- 
pany, playing small parts, and afterward joined the Harry Will- 
iams company, with which organization she stayed two years. 
After a season with J. J. Sullivan in "Bill's Boot," she joined the 
Irwin brothers, after which she was with the Howard Athenaeum 
Company and with Fields and Hanson. Miss Raymond made her 
first marked success as Bolivar in Donnelly and Girard's "The 
Rainmakers," after which she joined Tony Pastor's company, 
playing a season of fifteen weeks, and then doing specialties in 
the vaudeville houses. In 1898 she joined the Rogers Brothers, 
making her first appearance in "The Reign of Error." The fol- 
lowing season, in "The Rogers Brothers in Wall Street," she for- 
sook the German dialect "business," in which she had become 
popular, and was one of the first to make a specialty of ragtime 
songs. As Bozzy, the negro attendant in a manicure parlor, she 
was one of the features in "The Social Whirl" at the Casino 
Theatre, New York, the season of 1905-6, the song "Bill Sim- 
mons" being one of the specialties of her performance. The 
season of 1907-8 Miss Raymond was seen in "The Gay White 
Way," opening at the Casino Theatre, New York, October 7, 
1907. Miss Raymond is the wife of Gus Rogers, of the Rogers 
Brothers, whose real name is Solomon. 

KAYNOKE, Miss Katherine: 

Actress, was born in Boston and made her first appearance 
on the stage at the Garrick Theatre, New York, in "Never 
Again" March 8, 1897. For three years following she played 
in "The Little Minister" first Micah Dow, the boy, and afterward 
Lady Babbie. She next played Nanny McNair in "The Heart 
of Maryland" under the management of David Belasco. After 
playing Gladys in "Hearts Aflame," she was seen as Hope Lang- 
ham in "Soldiers of Fortune." A short season supporting Robert 



358 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Hilliard in the vaudeville sketch "No. 973" followed; then she 
played the boy Zaquir in "The Sorceress" with Mrs. Patrick 
Campbell at the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York. She then 
played in "Hanson's Folly" under the management of Daniel 
Frawley on the Pacific Coast. 

BEDDING, Eugene (Eugene Robidoux) : 

Actor, was born in Montreal, Canada, May 20, 1870. He re- 
ceived his education at the Jesuit College and McGill University, 
and upon his graduation took up practical chemistry as an oc- 
cupation. He made his first appearance upon the stage in "The 
Girl from Paris" in 1898 under William Warrington's manage- 
ment, and following seasons played in "Why Smith Left Home" 
under the management of Broadhurst Brothers; "The Friend of 
the Family," "The Lightning Conductor," with Herbert Kelcey 
and Effie Shannon; "Before and After," playing Mr. Ditrich- 
stein's original part, under his management, and during the 
season of 1906-7 was seen in Frederick Thompson's production 
of "Brewster's Millions." Mr. Redding, however, made his first 
marked success in "Foxy Grandpa" during its long run in New 
York, with Joseph Hart and Carrie De Mar. Mr. Redding is 
also director of Redding's Military Band and manager of Vic- 
toria Park, Ottawa, Canada. In 1907 he appeared with Lew 
Fields in "The Girl Behind the Counter," and later with Anna 
Held in "The Parisian Model." 

REHAN, Miss Ada: 

Actress, was born in Limerick, Ireland, on April 22, 1860. 
She was brought to America by her parents, who settled in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1865. In 1873 she made her first appearance 
on the stage at Newark, N. J., as Clara in "Across the Conti- 
nent." The same year she made her first appearance on the 
New York stage at Wood's Museum in "Thoroughbred." In 
1873-4 she was a member of the stock company at the Arch 
Street Theatre, Philadelphia, and in 1875 she joined the stock 
company at Barney Macauley's Theatre in Louisville, Ky. In 
1877 she was employed at Albaugh's Theatre in Albany, N. Y., 
and in 1879 acted at the Grand Opera House, New York, as 
Mary Standish in Augustin Daly's play of "Pique." In May of 
the same year she appeared at the Olympic Theatre, New York, 
as Big Clemence, and later as Virginie in Augustin Daly's ver- 
sion of Zola's "L'Assommoir." On September 17, 1879, Daly's 
Theatre was opened at the southwest corner of Broadway and 
Thirtieth street, and Ada Rehan made her first appearance there, 
playing Nelly Beers in "Love's Young Dream." Then began her 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 359 

long association with Augustin Daly as the leading woman of 
his company, a place she held until his death, and in which she 
gained her laurels as one of America's foremost Shakespearian 
actresses. In the next five years she appeared there in "Wives," 
"An Arabian Night," "Divorce," "Needles and Pins," "Cinder- 
ella," "Quits," "Royal Youth," "The Passing Regiment," 
"Odette," "The Squire," "She Would and She Would Not," 
"Seven-Twenty-Eight," "The Country Girl," and "Red Letter 
Nights." On July 19, 1884, she made her first appearance on 
the London stage at Toole's Theatre, the engagement lasting six 
weeks. This was the beginning of Augustin Daly's theatrical 
management in London. In 1885 she appeared as Sylvia in "The 
Recruiting Officer," Nisbe in "A Night Off," and Agatha Posket 
in "The Magistrate" at its initial production. In 1886 she played 
Mrs. Ford in "The Merry Wives of Windsor," Nancy Brasher in 
"Nancy & Co.," and made a tour abroad, appearing in London 
at the Strand Theatre for nine weeks, and in Paris, Hamburg, 
Berlin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool and Dublin. On January 
18, 1887, Mr. Daly produced "Taming of the Shrew" for the first 
time in America with the Induction, and Miss Rehan gave her 
first performance of Katharine. On January 31, 1888, she made 
her first appearance as Helena in "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream." The same year she played in "Taming of the Shrew" 
at the Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon, and appeared in 
Paris, Edinburgh and Glasgow. The next year, 1889, was marked 
by her first performance of Oriana in "The Inconstant" at Daly's 
Theatre, New York, and her first performance of Rosalind in 
"As You Like It." In 1890 she appeared as Rosalind at the Ly- 
ceum Theatre, London, and in 1891 she played the role of Lady 
Teazle for the first time. That year she also officiated at the 
laying of the cornerstone of Daly's Theatre in London. The fol- 
lowing year, on March 17, she appeared as Marian Lea in the 
first production of Tennyson's "The Foresters" at Daly's Theatre, 
New York, and in 1892 she appeared as Julia in "The Hunch- 
back." In 1893 she appeared as Viola in "Twelfth Night" for 
the first time. On June 27, 1893, Daly's Theatre in London was 
opened. Miss Rehan acted there from June 27 to May 7, 1894. 
"Twelfth Night" was presented one hundred and eleven times, 
and "The School for Scandal," with Miss Rehan as Lady Teazle, 
over fifty times. Thereafter she appeared as Julia in "Two Gen- 
tlemen of Verona," as Juliana in "The Honeymoon," in "The 
Countess Gucki," and in "Love on Crutches." She acted Bea- 
trice in "Much Ado About Nothing" for the first time at Daly's 
Theatre in December, 1896, and Meg Merrilies in "The Witch of 
Ellangowan" in March of the following year. In 1897 she also 



360 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

appeared for the first time as Miranda in "The Tempest" at 
Daly's Theatre, and made a tour abroad, playing at the Shake- 
speare Memorial Theatre, in Stratford-on-Avon, as Rosalind, and 
in Newcastle, Nottingham, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, 
London, Liverpool and Manchester. She began the season of 
1898-9 at Philadelphia, playing Roxane in "Cyrano de Bergerac." 
After a tour she played Portia in "The Merchant of Venice" 
fifty-three times at Daly's Theatre, Sidney Herbert playing Shy- 
lock. The season of 1899 she created the role of Catherine in 
Mr. Daly's production of "Madame Sans Gene," and the role of 
Lady Garnet in the production of the melodrama "The Great 
Ruby" by the same manager. When Augustin Daly died on 
June 7, 1899, at the Continental Hotel, Paris, Miss Rehan, who 
had accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Daly abroad, was at his bedside, 
and she was a passenger on the steamer which brought his 
body home. In Mr. Daly's will a part interest in the manager's 
New York and London theatres was bequeathed to the actress. 
She did not appear on the stage again until March, 1900, when 
she began, at Ford's Opera House, Baltimore, a tour which in- 
cluded thirty-one cities and lasted until May, her repertoire con- 
sisting of "Taming of the Shrew," "As You Like It," "The, 
School for Scandal," and "The Country Girl." On November 28, 
1900, she played for the first time the role of Nell Gwynn iu 
"Sweet Nell of Old Drury," by Paul Kester, in Buffalo, and in 
December of the same year played the part at the Knickerbocker 
Theatre, New York. Her mother, Mrs. Harriet Crehan, died in 
1901 in her Brooklyn home. Up to the spring of that year Miss 
Rehan played her repertoire on tour, retiring from the stage at 
the end of her season until October, 1903, when she opened at 
Atlantic City in "Taming of the Shrew" with Otis Skinner as 
Petruchio and George Clarke as Sly. In January, 1904, she ap- 
peared as Katharine at the Lyric Theatre, New York; as Lady 
Teazle, and as Portia, Otis Skinner being the Shylock. The fall 
season of that year she opened a tour, with Charles Richman as 
leading man, at New Haven, and played a short engagement at 
the Liberty Theatre, New York, appearing there as Katharine 
and Lady Teazle. On May 20, 1905, she sailed for England, it 
being reported that she was suffering from appendicitis. She. 
returned to New York, but another severe attack of illness caused 
her to cancel her engagements and sail again to England. Her 
town house in New York is 164 West Ninety-third street. 

KEIFFARTH, Miss Jennie: 

Actress, was born in New York April 4, 1848, and made her 
first appearance in that city October 16, 1864, as a dramatic 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 361 

soprano in grand opera, in German, at the German Stock Thea- 
tre, until recently the Windsor, and now the Kalish, on the Bow- 
ery. She then went to San Francisco, and for eighteen years 
appeared there in stock, making occasional visits East. She first 
sang in English in "The Black Crook" on its production in San 
Francisco. She sang at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, 
with Parepa Rosa; but, an attack of diphtheria affecting her voice 
in 1868, she afterward sang only in light operas. In 1869 she went 
to California under the management of Barrett and McCullough, 
playing in everything from Shakespeare to burlesque. She sup- 
ported such stars as Booth, Robson and Crane, Rose Eytinge, 
Edwin Adams and Modjeska. In 1878 Miss Reiffarth created 
the part of Aunt Pamela in "The Tourist in a Pullman Palace 
Car" and played it for two years. She joined Nat Goodwin for 
a season, then returned to New York, and when the Casino 
Theatre opened she was the Marchioness in "The Queen's Hand- 
kerchief." She also created the part of Princess Vindicta in 
"Fortunio" at the Cosmopolitan, New York, which stood where 
the Broadway Theatre now is. For two seasons she was a mem- 
ber of the Daly company, and in 1884 created the part of the 
Duchess in "Adonis" with Henry Dixey. At Niblo's Garden, in 
1890, she played Corisanda in "The King's Fool," and October 
5, 1891 at the Casino played Countess Adelaide in "The Ty- 
rolean." At the same theatre she played Pamela with De An- 
gelis in "Uncle Celestine," Mistress Tyras in "The Child of For- 
tune," and Donna Candida in "The Vice-Admiral." At the Peo- 
ple's Theatre, New York, Miss Reiffarth played Marcella in "At 
the Carnival"; then in succession Mrs. Wray in "Our Club," 
Julia in "A Bit of Scandal," Mrs. Smith in "The Player," 
Katherine in "About Town," with Warfield and Dan Daly, and 
Inez in "Jacinta. " Then starred as Mrs. Hettie Goldstein in 
"The Widow Goldstein" at the Fourteenth Street Theatre. After 
that, Amable Tonzel in "The Battle of the Strong" with Maurice 
Barrymore, Tanta Lena in "The Outcast," Madame Rouge in 
"Drink," Mrs. Becker in "Military Mad," Jane in "Granny," and 
Mrs. Sweet during the New York engagement of "Buster Brown"; 
with Lackaye in "Trilby" from 1896-8, and went to Australia 
with the company. Miss Reiffarth made a great success as Ma- 
dame Rosenbaum in "The Great Diamond Robbery" in 1898. The 
season of 1906-7 she was with Wilton Lackaye in "Law and the 
Man. " 

REVELL, Miss Dorothy: 

Actress, was born in New York City August 25, 1879, and 
made her first stage appearance in 1897, playing a small part 



S62 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in "The Walking Delegate" in Boston, Mass. She married a 
New York physician shortly afterward and retired temporarily 
from the stage. In 1902 she appeared as Kaede in "The Darling 
of the Gods" with Blanche Bates. She then was seen as Fan- 
chonette in "The Second Fiddle," supporting Louis Mann, under 
C. B. Dillingham's management. The season of 1905-6 she was 
leading woman with Arnold Daly in "How He Lied to Her 
Husband," and subsequently appeared in "The Title Mart," and 
"Cousin Louisa." The season of 1906-7 she was seen in "Clothes" 
with Grace George. 

EEVELLE, A. Hamilton: 

Actor, was born at Moorish Castle, Gibraltar, his mother 
being a Spaniard and his father a Swede. He went to England 
at an early age, and was educated there. His first stage engage- 
ment was with the company of the late Augustin Daly at Daly's 
Theatre, New York, in "The Magistrate," he then being sixteen 
years old. He remained there five seasons, twice going abroad 
with the company. He left Mr. Daly to return to England, and 
played many leading roles with Mr. Beerbohm Tree at the Hay- 
market Theatre. He next appeared at the Drury Lane Theatre 
under the management of the late Augustus Harris, playing the 
juvenile leads in "Cheer, Boys, Cheer," and "The Derby Win- 
ner." After playing a season with Sir Charles Wyndham at the 
Criterion Theatre, he was engaged by Cyril Maude and Winifred 
Emery for a two years' stay at the Haymarket. His second visit 
to the United S ates was as leading man for Olga Nethersole. 
He was the original Jean Gaussin in the much-discussed 
"Sapho," and was co-defendant with her in the suit brought to 
stop the production of the play in which the staircase scene 
caused such widespread discussion. The suit failed, and the 
production continued. He left Miss Nethersole's company after 
two years, to become leading man for Mrs. Leslie Carter in 
David Belasco's production of "Du Barry," in which he played 
De Cosse-Brissac. In 1905-6 he again became leading man for 
Miss Nethersole, touring the United States with her and cre- 
ating the original man's part in Hervieu's "The Labyrinth." 
The seasons of 1906-7-8 he played Don Luis de la Torre in "The 
Rose of the Rancho. " His residence is at 6 Bute street, South 
Kensington, London, S. W., but hs also has apartments in 
Paris, spending his leisure time in the two cities. His chief 
diversions are painting and photography. He exhibits his photo- 
graphic work yearly at exhibitions in Paris and London, and 
has won many medals and prizes. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 363 

RICE, Edward Everett: 

Composer, playwright and manager; began improvising on 
the piano when he was only eight years old. His first appear- 
ance on the stage was in the role of Francisco in "Hamlet" in 
Chicago at a salary of fifteen dollars a week. He had risen to 
be second low comedy man when he decided that acting was not 
his forte. He went to Boston and there married, on September 
9, 1871, Clara E. Rich, a daughter of the theatrical manager 
Isaac B. Rich. Soon afterward Mr. Rice and J. Cheever Good- 
win visited the Howard Athenaeum in Boston, to see the Lydia 
Thompson Burlesquers. They decided that they could produce 
a better burlesque than the one they saw, and set to work Mr. 
Rice writing the music and Mr. Goodwin the text. The result 
was "Evangeline." It was produced at Niblo's Garden, New* 
York, in July, 1874, with William H. Crane as Le Blanc, the 
notary, and made an immediate hit. Among the other actors, 
who at various times played in this burlesque were Henry E. 
Dixey, Nat C. Goodwin, Sol Smith Russell, Willie Edouin, Louis 
Harrison, Laura Joyce, Sadie Martinet and Pauline Hall. After 
the enormous success of "Evangeline" Mr. Rice devoted himself 
to burlesque and produced "Adonis," in which Henry E. Dixey 
became famous; "Cinderella at School," "Excelsior," "Fun on 
the Bristol," "Polly," "Hiawatha," "Seven Ages," "Horrors," 
"Robinson Crusoe," "Revels," "A Bottle of Ink," "Babes in the 
Wood," "The Corsair," "Pop," "Red Riding Hood," and "1492," 
the last named of which ran for 487 nights in New York at Wai- 
lack's and the Garden theatres. In many of these he collabo- 
rated with John J. Braham and others. On February 15, 1900, 
in celebration of his completion of twenty-five years of manage- 
ment, the managers of New York gave a testimonial for him at 
the Metropolitan Opera House. The summer season of 1906 Mr. 
Rice revived, at the Manhattan Beach Theatre, one of his earlier 
productions, "The Girl from Paris." The fall of 1907 he pro- 
duced "Lolita," a comic opera. 

RICE, Myron B. : 

Manager, was born in East Saginaw, Mich., October 1, 1864. 
He went to New York when he was twelve years old and be- 
came an office boy at the Grand Opera House. He soon became 
treasurer. The following season he went on the road as treas- 
urer for Madame Modjeska. After two seasons with her he be- . 
came treasurer for Charles Reid and William Collier in a play 
called "Hoss and Hoss." The following season he was manager 
for Edwin F. Mayo in "Davy Crockett," then became treasurer 
for "Faust Up-to-Date," a musical comedy, in which Kate Castle- 



364 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

ton was the star. Henry E. Abbey then engaged him to take 
charge of the Sarasate and D'Albert concert tour for one season. 
Next year he was treasurer for Mrs. James Brown Potter and 
Kyrle Bellew, and, becoming manager for tSem, the following 
season met them in San Francisco with a company which he 
had organized in New York. The season lasted from July until 
August of the following year. The productions were "Charlotte 
Corday" and "Therese." The following year Mr. Rice went as 
Mr. Abbey's representative with Sir Henry Irving, and remained 
in that capacity during the two seasons Mr. Abbey brought Sir 
Henry to this country. Mr. Rice then went into business on his 
own account, forming a partnership with William G. Smyth 
under the firm name of Smyth & Rice. Their first production 
was "My Friend from India," which enjoyed a worldwide repu- 
tation. This was followed by "The Man from Mexico" with Will- 
iam Collier as star. After a season of four years the firm of 
Smyth & Rice was dissolved, and Mr. Rice became manager of 
"The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Toyland" companies, re- 
maining with the latter until burned out at San Francisco after 
the earthquake. 

KICHMAN, Charles J. : 

Actor, was born in Chicago in 1870. After completing his 
education he studied law, but devoted most of his attention to 
amateur dramatic clubs, and when twenty years old decided to 
adopt the stage as a profession. He went to New York and got 
an engagement as leading man with a traveling company play- 
ing melodrama. When the late James A. Herne produced "Mar- 
garet Fleming" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre Mr. Richman cre- 
ated the part of Philip Fleming, thus making his first New York 
appearance. He next played the Stranger in "Hannele," and 
then became a member of A. M. Palmer's stock company during 
the season of 1894-5, playing in "New Blood," "The New Wom- 
an," and "Esmeralda." He also supported Mrs. Langtry in 
"Gossip." The following season Mr. Richman was leading man 
of the Stockwell Stock Company in San Francisco, opening in 
"Diplomacy." He then returned to New York and joined the 
Daly company, making his first appearance with that organiza- 
tion as Bruon von Neuhof in "The Countess Glucki." On the 
death of Mr. Daly Mr. Richman was engaged by Charles Froh- 
man to support Miss Annie Russell in "Miss Hobbs," playing 
the part of Wolff Kingsearl. In 1900 Mr. Richman played the 
Prince Victor of Kurland with Annie Russell in "A Royal Fam- 
ily," and then the Judge in "Mrs. Dane's Defence" with the Em- 
pire Theatre Company. Early in 1901 he played Julian Beau- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 365 

clerc in "Diplomacy." The two following seasons he played 
Orlando Delia Torre in "The Twin Sister," and the Rev. Walter 
Maxwell in "The Unforeseen." The fall of 1903 he played "Cap- 
tain Harrington" at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, and in 
the spring of 1904 appeared as Jack Spencer in "The Genius." 
The following autumn he starred with Ada Rehan in "The Tam- 
ing of the Shrew" and "The School for Scandal." In October, 
1905, he became stock star at Proctor's Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York, and the following spring played Jack Hemingway in 
"Gallops." The summer of 1906 he was seen in "Rose Valley" 
and "The Senator's Vindication." During the season of 1906-7 
he played Kearney in "The Rose of the Rancho" at the Belasco 
Theatre. 

RING, Miss Blanche: 

Actress, was born in Boston, Mass., April 24, 1876, being the 
daughter of James F. Ring, the actor. Early in her stage career 
she played engagements with the late James A. Herne and Nat 
C. Goodwin, but it was not until the spring of 1902 that she 
made her first marked success. She attracted the attention of 
A. H. Chamberlyn, who, at the time of Miss Ring's tours of the 
music halls and vaudeville houses, was putting on "The De- 
fender," a musical comedy. Miss Ring was engaged for the 
piece, in which she introduced the well-known song, "In the 
Good Old Summertime." Following this engagement she ap- 
peared at Mrs. Osborn's Playhouse as Miss Innocence Demure 
in "Tommy Rot." She then toured in "The Jewel of Asia" with 
James T. Powers, and was seen on Broadway in that piece at 
the Criterion Theatre, New York, the winter of 1903. On Sep- 
tember 14, 1903, she appeared as Lilliander in "The Jersey Lily" 
at the Victoria Theatre, New York, and the following season 
made her debut in London. Upon her return to this country 
she toured in "Vivian's Papas," and in April, 1905, was seen at 
the Knickerbocker Theatre in "Sergeant Brue." The fall of that 
year she joined Lew Fields's forces, playing Helen Canting in a 
burlesque of "The Music Master." Since then she has been seen 
as Katrinka in "His Honor the Mayor," in "It Happened in Nord- 
land," "Miss Dolly Dollars," "About Town," and "The Great 
Decide," a travesty on "The Great Divide." The season of 1907-3 
Miss Ring was co-star with Jefferson De Angelis and Alexander 
Carr in the musical review, "The Great White Way," produced 
at the Casino Theatre, October 7, 1907. 

RING, Miss Frances : (Mrs. Thomas Meighan) : 

Actress, began her stage career with Julia Marlowe, from 
whom she received training and instruction. She left the Mar- 



366 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

lowe company to play with Amelia Bingham in "The Climbers." 
An engagement with Charles Richman followed, and this was 
succeeded by a role in George Ade's "The County Chairman." 
The seasons of 1905-6 she had the stellar role in another Ade 
comedy, "The College Widow." The seasons of 1906-7-8 she was 
seen in "The Man of the Hour." 

RITCHIE, Miss Adele: 

Actress, was born in Philadelphia, in 1874, of French-Quaker 
parents. She was educated at the Villa Marie, West Chester, Pa., 
and soon after her graduation from the convent made her first 
stage appearance as an- amateur in a French comedy, in which 
she sang several songs. Deciding to adopt the stage as a pro- 
fession, she obtained an engagement, through Reginald De Ko- 
ven, and made her debut at the old Park Theatre, Philadelphia, 
in the fall of 1893, playing a small part in the light opera, "The 
Algerian." Her singing of the "Song of the Rose" attracted 
much attention when the opera was played at the Garden Thea- 
tre and at Daly's, New York, and when Miss Marie Tempest, 
the prima donna, left the company early in 1894, Miss Ritchie 
succeeded to her position. She afterward played prima donna 
roles in De Koven's "Mandarin" and Victor Herbert's "Wizard 
of the Nile." She then joined Daly's company as prima donna 
in "The Runaway Girl," and she remained under Mr. Daly's 
management until his death. After spending some time in Eu- 
rope, Miss Ritchie appeared as a star in vaudeville in this 
country; then, going back to musical comedy, became the recog- 
nized star at the regular productions at the Casino Theatre, 
New York, her more recent successes being in "The Social 
Whirl" during the season of 1906-7, and "Fascinating Flora" 
throughout the season of 1907-8. Miss Ritchie is an enthusi- 
astic horsewoman, maintaining a large stable. She also, on oc- 
casions, drives her own 60-horsepower motor car. Her home is 
at 57 West Fifty-seventh street, New York. She also has a 
country place in Westchester County, New York. 

ROBERTS, Arthur: 

Actor, was born in London, England, September 21, 1852, 
and was educated at Kentish Town School, England. After clerk- 
ing in a bank and in a lawyer's office, he made his first appear- 
ance on the stage at the Mogul in 1873 and subsequently at sev- 
eral other London music halls. Later he appeared at the Thea- 
tre Royal, Manchester, England, in pantomime and at the Drury 
Lane Theatre, London, in "Mother Goose." In 1883 he was seen 
at the Avenue Theatre, London, in "La Vie," and then made his 




ADELE RITCHIE 



368 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

first marked success in "The Old Guard," produced in 1885. In 
1890 he leased the Royalty Theatre, with the late Sir Augustus 
Harris, and produced "The New Corsican Brothers" besides sev- 
eral other less important plays. After touring the provinces in 
"Guy Fawkes, Esq." he returned to London, appearing in 1891 
in "Joan of Arc." He again toured the provinces in "H M. S. 
Irresponsible," "My Lord Sir Smith," etc. He was seen in "The 
School Girl" at the Prince of Wales's Theatre, London, in 1903 
and then appeared in vaudeville, where he has since remained. 
His home is at 30 Maida valeV London, England. 

ROBERTS, Miss Florence (Mrs. Lewis Morrison) : 

Actress, was born in New York in 1871. Four years later 
she went to California, and at the age of seventeen made her 
debut on the stage as a "super" in "Arrah-na-Pogue" at the 
Baldwin Theatre, San Francisco. In 1889, after a year of util- 
ity work, Miss Roberts appeared as Helle in "Clito" at the 
same theatre. Later she joined Lewis Morrison's company, play- 
ing small parts in "Faust" and other popular plays. Shortly 
after this she left the company, to fill short engagements with 
William Gillette, Otis Skinner and Julia Marlowe, returning to 
Lewis Morrison to whom she was married in 1892, and from a 
minor role in his "Faust" she became Marguerite. During the 
first popular regime of the Alcazar Stock Company in San Fran- 
cisco Mr. Morrison and Miss Roberts played "Faust" there, and 
the personal success of Miss Roberts was so marked that she 
was made leading woman of the Alcazar Stock Company. As 
such she played the principal feminine roles in "Hamlet,"' 
"Richelieu," "The Merchant of Venice," "Romeo and Juliet," 
"Yorick's Love," "The Master of Ceremonies," "Ingomar," "East 
Lynne," "Canaille," and "Frederick the Great." Her most suc- 
cessful roles were Canaille, Juliet, Portia, Ophelia, Parthenia. 
La Tosca and Peggy in "The Country Girl." Belasco and Meyes 
then starred her in a tour of the Pacific Coast in which she ap- 
peared in "Zaza," "Sapho," "Marta of the Lowlands," "The 
Unwelcome Mrs. Hatch," "Magda," "A Doll's House," "Giacon- 
da," "Miranda of the Balcony," and "Tess of the D'Urbervilles." 
In October, 1 1905, Miss Roberts went under the management of 
John Cort, manager of the Northwestern Theatrical Association. 
He produced "Ann La Mont," by Paul Armstrong, with Miss 
Roberts as star, at Salt Lake City, and followed it, on January 
28, at Denver with "The Strength of the Weak," by Alice M. 
Smith and Charlotte Thompson, which, after a Western tour, 
was produced at the Liberty Theatre, New York, on April 17. 
This marked Miss Roberts's entry into New York as a star. In. 




FLORENCE ROBERTS 



370 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

September, 1906, she went on tour with "The Strength of the 
Weak." On September 26, 1907, she appeared in the role of 
Body in Edwin Milton Royle's "The Struggle Everlasting" at 
Hackett's Theatre, New York. The balance of the season she 
starred in "Zira" on tour. Early in the fall of the same year 
her husband, Lewis Morrison, died after a brief illness. Miss 
Roberts is an active member of the Actors' Fund. She is an 
expert whip. Her home is Morrison's Manor, Peekskill-on-the- 
Hudson, N. Y. 

EGBERTS, Theodore: 

Actor, was born in San Francisco, Cal., October 8, 1861, be- 
ing the son of Mary E. and Martin R. Roberts. He was edu- 
cated at the public schools in San Francisco and the Univer- 
sity of California, devoting his leisure time to amateur dra- 
matics. His first professional stage appearance was made oil 
May 1, 1880, at a benefit given by James O'Neill, playing the 
part of Baradas in "Richelieu." After a year with the Baldwin 
Stock Company he joined Robson and Crane, remaining with 
them the season of 1881-2 touring the country. In 1883 he was 
a member of Nellie Boyd's traveling barnstorming company, 
and for three years toured with it as leading man, playing on 
the trunks of California's monster trees, in hotel dining-rooms, 
and in every available place where there was room for per- 
forming, and where there were no objections raised. Mr. Rob- 
erts, however, became disgusted with this life, and left the 
stage temporarily, cruising for a little over two years as cap- 
tain of his own sailing vessel. In 1888 he returned to the 
stage, supporting Fanny Davenport in "La Tosca" in Califor- 
nia. He was with her, as leading man, until 1893, when he was 
engaged to create the role of Sky Brow, the Indian, in "The 
Girl I Left Behind Me," produced at the Empire Theatre, New 
York, and in which he made a marked success. Since then Mr. 
Roberts has been identified with practically every Indian char- 
acter portrayed on the stage. In 1894 he returned to Miss Dav- 
enport's company, appearing in "Sismonda. " Mr. Roberts has 
been seen in numerous New York productions, principally in 
"Yearly Troubles," "Heidelberg," "Jim Bludso," the dramati- 
zation of John Hay's novel; "The Power of Gold," "Trilby," 
"We Uns of Tennessee," "Rupert of Hentzau," "Don Caesar de 
Bazan," "John Ermine," and supported Mrs. Leslie Carter for 
a season in "The Heart of Maryland." Subsequently he was 
seen in "Arizona," both in this country and in England. The 
season of 1905-6 he originated the Indian character, Tobywonda, 
in "The Squaw Man," produced at Wallack's Theatre, New 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 371 

York, and in which Mr. Roberts spoke the Ute language fluently 
and accurately. After supporting Bertha Kalich in "The 
Kreutzer Sonata," early in 1907, he directed the Pabst Theatre 
Stock Company in Milwaukee, Wis. The season of 1907-8 he 
starred jointly with Guy Standing in William Presbrey's drama- 
tization of Sir Gilbert Parker's "The Right of Way," playing 
the role of Joe Portugais. Mr. Roberts married Miss Clyde 
O'Brien, known on the stage as Clyde Harron, in July, 1890. He 
is a cousin of Miss Florence Roberts, the actress. He is a mem- 
ber of The Lambs, Actors' Society, Manhattan Chess and Pavo- 
nia Yacht clubs, New York. 

ROBERTSON, Donald: 

Actor, was born in Scotland and brought to this country 
when a boy. He was graduated from the Polytechnic Institute, 
New York. His first appearance on the stage was in small 
Shakespearian parts with Daniel Bandmann and, when only 
twenty years old, he played the cripple in "The Two Orphans" 
with Kate Claxton at a revival at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York. He afterward appeared with the late Dion Bouci- 
cault and with the late J. K. Emmett, after which he went to 
England where for ten years he was associated with John Hare 
and other stars. Returning to this country, he appeared at the 
head of his own company in "The Iron Mask" and other dramas. 
He then established himself in Chicago as a teacher of elocu- 
tion and dramatic art. Mr. Robertson's chief successes were as 
Tesman in "Hedda Gabler," and as Paola in "The Rights of 
the Soul." 

ROBERTSON, Johnston Forbes: 
See Forbes-Robertson, Johnston. 

ROBSON, Miss May (Mrs. Augustus H. Brown) : 

Actress, was born in Australia, the name of her parents be- 
ing Robison and her father being an officer in the British Navy. 
A typographical error was responsible for Miss Robison becom- 
ing known as Robson. She was educated in Paris and Belgium. 
While she was still a girl she ran away from home and was 
married. A few years later she found herself a widow in New 
York friendless, almost penniless, and with three young chil- 
dren. Two died during her struggle with poverty. She made 
only a scant living painting china and menu cards for promi- 
nent firms in the city and, almost in desperation, turned to the 
stage. She had had absolutely no experience when she was en- 
gaged to play a small part in "The Hoop of Gold," a melodrama, 



372 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

under the management of Marbury and Overton, at the Madison 
Square Theatre, New York, in 1883. She made such a success of 
Tilly, a "slavey," that she was engaged by Daniel Frohman for 
the Lyceum Theatre. Passing to the management of Charles 
Frohman, she remained with the Empire Theatre Company for 
eighteen years, playing character parts in nearly all its produc- 
tions, prominent among which were Poulette in "The Conquer- 
ors," Miss Ashford in "The Private Secretary," Artemise in "A 
Night's Session," and Veranda in "Foregone Conclusions." She 
also played with Francis Wilson for two years. Miss Robson. 
in addition to being an adept in the art of make-up, has more 
than once invented original effects in connection with her char- 
acter acting, most notable among which were her "third leg" in 
"The Poet and the Puppets," and her "trick" wig in "The Coun- 
cillor's Wife." The season of 1907-8 Miss Robson starred in 
"The Rejuvenation of Aunt Mary." Miss Robson is the wife of 
Dr. Augustus H. Brown, a New York physician. Her permanent 
address is 262 West One Hundred and Thirty-sixth street, New 
York City. 

ROBSON, Miss Eleanor Elise: 

Actress, was born in Wigan, Lancashire, England, being 
the daughter of Charles and Madge Carr Robson. Following the 
death of her husband, the mother brought her daughter to Amer- 
ica. It was not long before the blood of three generations of ar- 
tists began to assert itself, and, placing her young daughter with 
the Sisters of St. Peter's Academy, Staten Island, the mother 
entered the theatrical profession, where she has for many years 
as Madge Carr Cook held high and honored place. Miss Robson 
was graduated from her school in 1897, and started immediately 
for San Francisco where Mrs. Cook was playing with the Fraw- 
ley Stock Company at the California Theatre. The very day of 
Miss Robson's arrival the actress cast for the part of Marguerite 
Knox in "Men and Women" fell ill, and the youthful and inex- 
perienced convent graduate was asked if she could undertake 
the role. She said she could, and she did. The result was a 
surprising and most remarkable triumph, one which fixed the 
future career of the already ambitious young woman. Her prog- 
ress was rapid and most pronounced. Her inborn art, her youth, 
grace and beauty created a genuine sensation in the Pacific me- 
tropolis, and before the season was ended offers of more re- 
munerative engagements began to pour in on her. Her second 
season she played leading parts with the Salisbury Stock Com- 
pany in Milwaukee, and later with the stock company at 
Elitch's Gardens, Denver, then in the heyday of its fame. On 




ELEANOR ROBSON 



374 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

August 21, 1899, she created the part of Bonita Canby in Au- 
gustus Thomas's "Arizona" under Kirke La Shelle's manage- 
ment at the Grand Opera House, Chicago, and won instant rec- 
ognition. When "Arizona" was presented at the Herald Square 
Theatre, New York, Mrs. Sara Cowell Lemoyne was playing un- 
der Liebler & Co.'s management at Wallack's, and it was dur- 
ing this engagement that George C. Tyler arranged for his spe- 
cial single matinee presentation of Browning's "In a Balcony." 
Otis Skinner was the Norbert and Mrs. Lemoyne the Queen, and 
it was hoped to obtain Miss Julia Marlowe for the part of Con- 
stance. Mr. Tyler had seen Miss Robson's work, however, and 
had great faith in her art, and so the part of Constance was, 
with Mr. La Shelle's consent, offered to and accepted by her. 
Her achievement was amazing, and a spring tour of Browning's 
"In a Balcony," with the same cast, followed. Miss Robson 
passed under the management of Liebler & Co., where she has 
since remained. Her subsequent undertakings have always been 
of high grade, and her achievements a theme of constant com- 
ment. She created the r61e of Flossie Williams in "Unleavened 
Bread," and was the Mile, de la Vire to Kyrle Bellew's De Mar- 
sac in "A Gentleman of France." She was first starred by Lieb- 
ler & Co. in "Audrey." She was the Juliet in Liebler & Co.'s 
famous all-star cast of "Romeo and Juliet" with Kyrle Bellew 
as Romeo, Eben Plympton as Mercutio and W. H. Thompson as 
Friar Lawrence. Miss Robson's triumphs in London and Amer- 
ica in the Israel Zangwill comedy, "Merely Mary Ann," were 
phenomenal, the London success surpassing that of any presen- 
tation by an American dramatic artist since Ada Rehan took 
that city by storm. Her Kate Hardcastle in the special produc- 
tion of "She Stoops to Conquer" will be long remembered. For 
the season of 1906-7 the entire time at the Liberty Theatre, New 
York City, was secured for her, and this time she filled, pre- 
senting a number of new plays by distinguished authors and 
playing to receipts the average of which was phenomenal. One 
of her greatest triumphs was the Paul Armstrong play, "Salomy 
Jane," based on the Bret Harte California idyl, "Salomy Jane's 
Kiss," which, with Israel Zangwill's "Nurse Marjorie" and 
"Merely Mary Ann," constituted her repertoire for the season 
of 1907-8, playing en tour. Miss Robson's address is care of 
Liebler & Co., Fifth avenue and Thirty-eighth street, New York. 

ROCKWELL, Miss Florence: 

Actress, was born in St. Louis, Mo., July 9, 1880. Her first 
public appearance was when, as a child of four years, her father 
lifted her to a table on the floor of the Merchants' Exchange, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 375 

where she recited for an audience of St. Louis brokers. From 
that time on she was frequently facing the footlights in ama- 
teur performances, principally as a dancer. At the age of twelve 
her family moved to New York. Two years later Thomas W. 
Keene made her an offer to play leading parts in his com- 
pany, and Miss Rockwell made her debut as Julie de Morte- 
mar in "Richelieu" in Pittsburg, following it in the same week 
with Desdemona, Ophelia and Juliet. She was the youngest 
Juliet who ever played in this country, being fourteen years 
old. Miss Rockwell appeared with James O'Neill as Ophelia, 
as Virginia in "Virginius," Julie in "The Lyons Mail," and Mer- 
cedes in "Monte Cristo." She created the part of Meg Ronalds 
in Charles Kline's play, "Hon. John Grigsby," with Sol Smith 
Russell. Then came Mary Horneck in Augustus Thomas's 
"Oliver Goldsmith" with Stuart Robson, in which Miss Rock- 
well made her first Broadway success. The following summer 
she played Camille at the head of a special company at the 
Tremont Theatre, Boston. She then joined Henry Miller's com- 
pany, appearing in New York as Elizabeth Wilbur in "Richard 
Savage," and Pamela in "D'Arcy of the Guards," and in a variety 
of leading roles during Mr. Miller's summer stock season at the 
Columbia Theatre, San Francisco. She was then engaged by 
Klaw & Erlanger, playing first in George V. Hobart's farce, 
"John Henry," and later in "A Midsummer Night's Dream" 
with Nat Goodwin. After playing Nora in Ibsen's "A Doll's 
House" she was selected by Richard Mansfield as his leading 
woman and she played all the principal parts in his repertoire, 
scoring especially as Portia and Hester Pryune. The season of 
1906-7 she appeared in the leading roles of George M. Cohan's 
play of "Popularity." The season of 1907-8 she was seen in Ed- 
ward Day's Western drama, "The Round Up." 

ROGERS BROTHERS (Gus and Max Solomon) : 

Comedians; have always been so closely associated that it 
is practically impossible to separate them, even in a biographi- 
cal sketch. They made their first professional appearance in a 
song and dance act at the National Theatre on the Bowery, New 
York, in 1885. It was four years later when they first appeared 
as Dutch knockabout comedians at Tony Pastor's Theatre, New 
York, where their act made such a success that they stayed the 
entire season. After seasons with Tom Miaco's City Club Com- 
pany, Reilly and Wood, and Hart's Boston Novelty Company, 
they returned to Tony Pastor. They first organized their own 
company in 1893, and after a season on the road were again 
seen at Pastor's. A season with Field and Hanson followed. In 



376 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

1905 they were a feature of Donnelly and Girard's farce comedy, 
"The Rain Makers." They first appeared at Koster & Bial's in 
New York, and the following year they created the leading 
comedy parts in "One Round of Pleasure" at the Knickerbocker 
Theatre, New York. In 1898, as joint stars, they starred iu 
"vaudeville comedies," especially written for them by John J, 
McNally, the first of which was "A Reign of Error." This was 
followed by "The Rogers Brothers in Wall Street." The seasons 
of 1906-7 they appeared in "The Rogers Brothers in Ireland," 
and the season of 1907-8 in "The Rogers Brothers in Panama." 

ROMA, Mine. Garo: 

Actress and vocalist, was born in California, her father be- 
ing a forty-niner, and has Italian, French, Spanish and English 
blood in her veins. She made her first stage appearance when 
she was three years old in Platt's Hall, San Francisco, and has 
been continuously behind the footlights ever since. She con- 
tinued playing child's parts, principally in opera, until she was 
fifteen years old, studying music in the meantime, when she 
became the leader of the orchestra with the first "Cinderella" 
company in America. For a time, while she was still in her 
'teens, she conducted a French opera company in a tour through 
Canada under the management of Tom Maguire. Her musical 
education was completed at the New England Conservatory of 
Music in Boston, and she then at once entered on her operatic 
career. She was the first prima donna of the original Castle 
Square Opera Company, organized by Henry W. Savage in Bos- 
ton. Returning to San Francisco, she joined the opera company 
at the Tivoli Opera House and continued with it for several 
years, playing the chief parts in all the well-known operas. 
While Grover Cleveland was President she was the soloist with 
the United States Marine Band. When Mascagni conducted a 
performance of his "Cavalleria Rusticana" at San Francisco 
Mme. Roma was the Santuzza. For the last seven years she has 
been singing in grand opera in the Continental capitals. Her 
home is at Lauderdale Mansions, Maida Vale, London. 

ROSENFELD, Sydney: 

Playwright, was born in Richmond, Va., on October 26, 1855, 
and was educated in the public schools. Going to New York 
in early life, he engaged in literary pursuits and became the 
first editor of Puck. His first play, "A Possible Case," was fol- 
lowed by "Imagination," "The Club Friend," "The Politician," 
"A Man of Ideas," and "A House of Cards." His first great 
success was "The Senator," in which W. H. Crane first appeared 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 377 

as an individual star. He wrote "The Lady or the Tiger," and 
"The Mocking Bird," a light opera, in which Mabelle Gilman 
starred; "The Passing Show," and "The Giddy Throng" for the 
Casino Theatre, and "The King's Carnival," "The Hall of 
Fame," and "The Vanderbilt Cup," the last named of which 
was produced at the Broadway Theatre, New York, in the spring 
of 1906, and in which Elsie Janis first became a star. Mr. Rosen- 
feld also adapted "The White Horse Tavern," "The Two Es- 
cutcheons," "The Black Hussar," and "Prince Methusalem." The 
revue, "The Gay White Way," was produced at the Casino Thea- 
tre, New York, October 7, 1907. His home is at 308 West Ninety- 
fifth street, New York City. 

ROSS, Charles J. (Charles J. Kelly) : 

Actor, was born in Montreal, Canada, February 18, 1859, 
and before going on the stage was associated with horseracing. 
He made his first appearance at Miner's Bowery Theatre, New 
York, April 5, 1885, as a mimic and singer, having been a 
jockey with Barnum's show the previous year. His next en- 
gagement was with "Herman's Transatlantics" in variety, after 
which he was seen in farce comedy in conjunction with Gus. 
Williams, John C. Rice, and Donnelly and Girard. He appeared 
in vaudeville several seasons, and then became a member of 
the original Weber and Fields Company, with which organiza- 
tion he remained four years. He then played in "My Lady and 
the Musketeer" and in "Beauty and the Beast." After that h& 
was seen in vaudeville at the head of his own company. He 
next starred in "Fiddle-de-dee," and "The Winning Girl." He 
appeared as Julian Endicott in "The Social Whirl" at the Casino 
Theatre, New York, May 14, 1906, and played in it the balance 
of the season. The summer of 1907 he was seen in "The Follies 
of 1907" at the New York Theatre Roof Garden. The fall of 
1907 he starred in "The Social Whirl," and then joined Joseph 
Weber, appearing at his New York theatre the balance of the- 
season of 1907-8. Mr. Ross married Miss Mabel Fenton at 
Deadwood, S. Dak., June 9, 1887. He is a member of the Masons, 
Knights of Pythias, Elks, Eagles, White Rats, New York Ath- 
letic Club and The Lambs. His home is the Ross and Fenton 
Farm, Asbury Park, N. J. 

ROSS, Thomas W. : 

Actor, was born in Boston January 22, 1878, and made his 
first appearance on the stage in 1892 with the Boston Museum 
Stock Company and remained with that organization until its 
dissolution. Then followed a thirty weeks' season with the Grand 



378 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Opera House Stock Company of Boston. The seasons of 1895 
and 1896 he spent in Denver and Kansas City. Then he became 
a member of the stock company of the Avenue Theatre, Pitts- 
burg, Pa., playing, among other parts, Tony Lumpkin and Bob 
Acres. On the reorganization of that company, which was trans- 
ferred to the Grand Opera House, Mr. Ross was engaged for 
leading light comedy and juvenile roles. At the Park Theatre, 
Brooklyn, in the revival of "Trilby" he was cast for Little Billie 
with Henrietta Crosman as Trilby. Among his successes during 
the last few years have been the roles of Augustus Keen Shaver 
in "My Friend from India," Tweenways in "The Amazons," 
Hypocrite Carom el in "Nerves," and John Baristock in "His Ex- 
cellency the Governor." He made his chief success as a star in 
"Checkers," and the season of 1906-7 played Robert Rand in the 
Cohan play, "Popularity," which opened at Wallack's Theatre 
October 1, 1907. 

EOYLE, Edwin Milton: 

Playwright and actor, was born in Lexington, Mo., and was 
educated first at the Collegiate Institute, Salt Lake City, and aft- 
erward at Princeton University. He took a post-graduate course 
at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and then studied law 
at Columbia, New York. After some little experience as an actor, 
Mr. Royle married Miss Selena Fetter, October 16, 1892, and pro- 
duced his first play, "Friends," the same year, with himself and 
his wife in the leading parts. They starred in this several sea- 
sons, and in 1897 they appeared in Mr. Royle's next dramatic 
effort, "Captain Impudence." This was afterward condensed 
into one act, and Mr. and Mrs. Royle played it a number of 
seasons in vaudeville houses. The season of 1903-4 Mr. and 
Mrs. Royle appeared in his play, "My Wife's Husbands," at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York. Nat Goodwin also played 
this piece. Mr. Royle's later plays are "The Squaw Man," pro- 
duced in 1905 by William Faversham; "Marrying Mary," played 
by Miss Marie Cahill the seasons of 1906-7-8; "Cleo," originally 
intended for Mrs. Leslie Carter, but produced by Nance O'Neill 
in 1906, and "The Struggle Everlasting," produced at Hackett'a 
Theatre, New York, September 26, 1907, with Miss Florence Rob- 
erts in the leading role. 

HUSSELL, Miss Annie (Mrs. Oswald Yorke) : 

Actress, was born in Liverpool, England, January 12, 1864, 
and was taken to Canada when a little child. She made her first 
public appearance, at the age of seventeen, as Jeanne in "Miss 
Moulton" with Rose Eytinge at the Academy of Music, Mon- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 379 

treal. At the end of a season Miss Russell went to New York 
and joined Haverly's Juvenile "Pinafore" Company as a mem- 
ber of the chorus. A few months later she was singing Joseph- 
ine. She later appeared as the Little Boy in "Rip Van Winkle'' 
with Robert McWade, and as Little Eva in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." 
After a tour to the West Indies, and when only fifteen years old, 
Miss Russell made a big success in "Bsmeralda," by Frances 
Hodgson Burnett, at the Madison Square Theatre, New York, play- 
ing the part there 350 times and nearly a thousand times alto- 
gether. Miss Russell was married to Eugene Wiley Presbrey, 
then stage manager of the Madison Square Theatre, New York, 
in Buffalo November 6, 1884. Thirteen years later she obtained 
a divorce. After playing in "Pique," "Confusion," and "Hazel 
Kirke" she joined A. M. Palmer's Madison Square Theatre Stock 
Company. She played the ingenue roles and made marked suc- 
cesses as Lady Vavir in W. S. Gilbert's "Broken Hearts," Sylvia 
in "Our Society," and Elaine in George Parsons Lathrop's adap- 
tation of Tennyson's "Idylls of the King." She also played in 
"Moths," "Engaged," and "Sealed Instructions." Two years 
later Miss Russell was compelled to retire by illness, and from 
1889 to 1894 she was lost to the stage. Early in 1891 a monster 
benefit was held for her, the performance, at Palmer's Theatre, 
New York, netting $5,000 to her. She made her reappearance, 
fully recovered, under the management of Charles Frohman in 
A. M. Palmer's company at Wallack's Theatre, New York, in the 
spring of 1894 in the leading part in Sydney Grundy's "The 
New Woman." This was followed by "Lethe's Dream," and 
Rosalind in "Romeo's First Love." The following season she 
was leading woman for Nat Goodwin in "David Garrick," "Am- 
bition," and "In Mizzoura." There followed in succession star 
appearances in Bret Harte's "Sue," and as Betty in "The Mys- 
terious Mr. Bugle," and support of Sol Smith Russell in "A 
Bachelor's Romance." After playing in the one-act play "Dain- 
gerfield, '95," and a special matinee of "The Scenario," Miss 
Russell went to London in 1898 and played "Sue" and "Dainger- 
field, '95" at the Garrick, meeting with much praise. She re- 
turned to the United States at the head of her own company the 
same year and appeared as Catherine in the play of that name. 
The season of 1899-1901 she starred in "Miss Hobbs" at the Ly- 
ceum Theatre, New York, for five months; 1901-2 in "The Royal 
Family," which held the Lyceum stage for six months; 1902-3 
in "The Girl and the Judge," which ran until 1904 at the old 
Lyceum. The season of 1904-5 she appeared in "Mice and Men," 
and "Brother Jaques," at the Garrick Theatre, New York, and 
in "Jinny, the Carrier," at the Criterion. In 1905 she again 



380 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

went to London, playing the title role in Bernard Shaw's "Major 
Barbara." The season of 1906-7 Miss Russell toured in a revival 
of "A Midsummer Night's Dream," playing the role of Puck. On 
March 27, 1904, Miss Russell was married to Oswald Yorke, an 
English actor. 

RUSSELL, Miss Dorothy (Dorothy Leonard) : 

Actress, was born in New York City May 10, 1881, being the 
daughter of Lillian Russell, the actress, and the late Edward 
Solomon. She made her first stage appearance in January, 1904, 
with Amelia Bingham in "Olympe" at the Knickerbocker Thea- 
tre, New York. In the spring of that year she was seen in "The 
Ruling Power" with Katherine Kennedy at the Garrick Thea- 
tre, New York, and in June went into vaudeville where she has 
remained since. Miss Russell married Abbott Louis Einstein, 
the son of a New York lawyer, in August, 1903, from whom she 
obtained a divorce three years later. 

RUSSELL. Miss Lillian (Helen Louise Leonard) : 

Light opera prima donna and actress, was born in Clinton. 
Iowa, December 4, 1861, her father, Charles E. Leonard, being 
the proprietor and editor of the Clinton Weekly Herald, and she 
was christened Helen Louise Leonard. Her mother, Mrs. Cyn- 
thia Leonard, was well known as a woman's rights advocate. 
In 1865 her family moved to Chicago, where she was educated 
in the Convent of the Sacred Heart, and studied vocal and violin 
music. Her first performance as an amateur was, as a pupil, in 
Chickering Hall, Chicago, on which occasion she sang two songs. 
While she was singing in the choir of St. John's Episcopal 
Church, Chicago, she was studying singing with Madame Jen- 
nivally, who encouraged her in her ambition for the grand opera 
stage. She went to New York and studied further for grand- 
opera under the late Dr. Damrosch. It was in 1879 that she 
made her first appearance on the stage, Mrs. William E. Sinn 
prevailing on her to appear in the chorus of Edward E. Rice's 
"Pinafore" company for the sake of the stage experience. The 
engagement lasted only two months, but resulted in the mar- 
riage of Miss Leonard to Harry Braham, the musical director 
of the company. She then retired from the stage, but soon 
sought it again, and obtained an engagement from Tony Pastor 
who offered her fifty dollars a week to sing ballads in the old 
Tony Pastor Theatre in Broadway, New York, opposite Niblo's 
Garden, after hearing her sing in a theatrical boarding-house- 
where he had called on a woman playing at his theatre. He 
suggested the stage name of Lillian Russell for his new recruit* 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 381 

and she adopted it. Miss Russell relates that on the first night 
she appeared at Pastor's Theatre she sang in a trance, not 
knowing what occurred from the time she went on until she 
reached her dressing-room. Nevertheless, her appearance was a 
much-talked-of success. Her songs were "The Kerry Dance," 
"Twickenham Ferry" and other ballads of a like nature. She 
next appeared with Pastor's burlesque companies in "Olivette," 
and "The Pirates of Penzance," and in his condensed version of 
"Patience." After singing under the management of Colonel 
John A. McCaull at the Bijou Opera House, New York, October 
21, 1881, as D'Jemma in "The Snake Charmer," Miss Russell 
made a tour to the Pacific Coast with a company managed by 
Frank Sanger, singing leading light opera roles. After a sea- 
son's concert tour she made her first appearance at the Casino, 
New York, in 1884 as Constance in "The Sorcerer." The role 
of Prince Raphael in "The Princess of Trebizonde" followed at 
the same theatre. During this engagement, on May 10, 1884, at 
Hoboken, N. J., Miss Russell was married to Edward Solomon, 
the leader of the Casino orchestra, having been divorced from 
Mr. Braham four days previously. With her husband Miss Rus- 
sell then went to London where they remained for two years, 
Miss Russell appearing there in two operas written for her by 
her husband "Virginia" at the Gaiety Theatre, and "Polly" at 
the London Novelty. While they were there Solomon was 
claimed as husband by Lillie Grey, a music hall singer, and he 
and Miss Russell separated, she returning to the United States 
in 1886 and joining the Duff Opera Company, with which she 
remained for two years. She then resumed her place at the 
head of the New York Casino forces, singing Eielka in "Nadjy," 
Pepita in "Pepita," Dorothy in "Dorothy," Anita in "Queen's 
Mate," Florella in "The Brigands," Grand Duchess in "The 
Grand Duchess," Harriett in "Poor Jonathan," Theresa in "The 
Mountebanks," Girofle Girofla in "Girofle Girofla," and Rosa in 
"The Princess Nicotine." On January 22, 1894, she was mar- 
ried in Hoboken, N. J., to Giovanni Perugini (John Chatterton), 
the tenor of "The Princess Nicotine" company, her marriage to 
Mr. Solomon having been annulled, she receiving the custody of 
their daughter. The season of 1897-8 Miss Russell, who had 
previously separated from Signer Perugini, appeared with Delia 
Fox and Jefferson De Angelis at the Casino in "The Wedding 
Day." The next season she played in "La Belle Helene." The 
seasons of 1899-1900 she was a member of the Weber & Fields 
Stock Company at their New York music hall. Her last appear- 
ance was in 1905 in the opera "Lady Teazle," founded on Sheri- 
dan's comedy. The fall season of 1906 she starred in a comedy 



382 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

without music, called "Barbara's Millions." The season of 1906-7 
in "The Butterfly," and the season of 1907-8 in "Wildfire." Miss 
Russell's home is at 161 West Fifty-seventh street, New York. 

RUSSELL, Harold: 

Actor, was born and educated in Boston, Mass.; made his 
first appearance on the stage at the Third Avenue Theatre, New 
York, in 1884, playing the role of Tirandel in "The Parisian Ro- 
mance" with the late Richard Mansfield. Two years later he 
joined the Augustin Daly Company, under Arthur Rehan's man- 
agement, appearing in the leading comedy roles in "Love in 
Harness," "Nancy & Co.," "A Night Off," etc., and remained with 
that organization until 1888. In 1892 he was engaged by Col. 
William E. Sinn to support his wife, Cora Tanner, on tour. Mr. 
Russell was seen as principal comedian with John Drew in 
1892, originating the part of Martinet in "The Masked Ball," 
and later was engaged by August Pitou to create the role of 
Marshal Le Febre in "Madame Sans Gene." In 1897 he ap- 
peared with Charles Coghlan in "The Royal Box" at the Fifth 
Avenue Theatre, New York, and in 1899 created the part of the 
Husband in Augustus Thomas's "The Meddler," with Stuart 
Robson, at Wallack's Theatre, New York. Subseqeuntly he was 
seen as Lord Robert Ure, with Viola Allen, in "The Christian,'' 
and later was associated with Sarah Cowell Lemoyne as leading 
man in "The Duchess of Maryborough," "Among Those Present" 
and "The School for Husbands." The season of 1906-7 he ap- 
peared as Big Bill, the cowboy, in "The Squaw Man," with Will- 
iam Faversham, and on July 15, 1907, was seen as James Phelan 
in "The Man of the Hour" at the Savoy Theatre, New York, and 
continued in that role throughout the season of 1907-8. Mr. Rus- 
sell is the husband of Ada Dwyer, the well-known actress. He 
has one daughter. His summer home is at Salt Lake City, 
Utah. 

KYLEY, Madeline Lucette (Mrs. J. H. Ryley) : 

Playwright, was born in London, England. She first was an 
actress, and made her first appearance on the stage at the age 
of fourteen. For several years she played with provincial com- 
panies on tours. Tiring of this, she decided to try her hand at 
playmaking. Her first effort was a comedy for Nat C. Goodwin, 
called "An American Citizen," produced in 1890. Since then 
she has written twenty-seven plays, all of which have been suc- 
cessful from a business point of view. Among them are "Chris- 
topher, Jr.," written for John Drew; "Lady Jemima," "Valen- 
tine Days," and "A Coat of Many Colors." She is the wife of 
J. H. Ryley, the comedian. 




HAROLD RUSSELL 



384 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

SABEL, Miss Josephine (Mrs. David Sabel) : 

Actress and singer, was born in Lawrence, near Boston, 
Mass., and commenced her career as a child, singing in church 
choirs. She made her stage debut in 1887, and after appearing 
in comic opera and musical comedies, in 1893 she went into 
vaudeville, and has since remained in that line of business. One 
of her greatest successes was the song "There'll Be a Hot Time 
in the Old Town To-night," which she introduced in 1897, and 
which caught the country. Since then she has toured the 
world, introducing coon songs in all the foreign capitals. The 
season of 1907-8 she was again seen in this country in vaudeville. 

SANDERSON, Miss Julia (Mrs. J. Todhunter Sloan) : 

Actress, was born in Springfield, Mass., August 20, 1887, be- 
ing the daughter of Albert Sackett, a well-known actor, who was 
seen, the season of 1906-7, in "Brewster's Millions." She was 
educated at the public schools in Springfield and Philadelphia, 
and she made her first appearance in Forepaugh's Stock Com- 
pany in that city as a child, remaining with that organization 
five years. Her next engagement was in the chorus of "Win- 
some Winnie" and as understudy to Miss Paula Edwardes. She 
next played Mrs. Pineapple in "The Chinese Honeymoon." She 
was then engaged to support De Wolf Hopper, playing the part 
of Mataya in "Wang." She played the ingenue part in "Fan- 
tana" for a season, and was in the cast of "The Tourists," scor- 
ing a pronounced success, after which she went into vaudeville. 
She was then engaged by Charles Frohman for the part of Peggy 
in "The Dairymaids," opening at Atlantic City August 19, 1907, 
and later appearing at the Criterion Theatre, New York, and on 
tour the season of 1907-8. Miss Sanderson was married to James 
Todhunter Sloan, known as "Tod" Sloan, the celebrated jockey, 
September 21, 1907. Her home is at 92 Firglade avenue, Spring- 
field, Mass., and her New York address is 430 West Thirty-fourth 
street. 

SARDOU, Victorien: 

Playwright, was born in Paris September 7, 1831, being the 
son of Leander Sardou, a lexicographer. He first studied medi- 
cine, with the idea of later becoming a physician, but soon gave 
up both the study and idea, and began writing for the stage. 
His first work, a complete failure, entitled "La Taverne des 
Etudiants," was produced in 1854 at the Odeon Theatre, Paris. 
Then followed numerous successes, among them "Les Pattes de 
Mouche," produced in 1860, and later adapted for the English 
stage under the title "A Scrap of Paper"; "Rabagas," 1872; 




JULIA SANDERSON 



386 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"L'Oncle Sam," produced in America in 1873; "Dora," 1877; 
"Divorgons," produced in France in 1880 and seen in New York 
with Grace George during the season of 1907-8; "Mme. Sans 
Gene," written in collaboration with Emile Moreau, 1893; "Pa- 
mela," 1898, and various other clever comedies. Included in his 
large list of dramas are: "Patrie," 1869; "La Haine," 1874; "Fe- 
dora," 1832; "Theodora," 1884; "La Tosca," 1887; "Cleopatre," 
1890; "La Sorciere," produced in Paris in 1890 with Sarah 
Bernhardt in the title role and later in this country with Mrs. 
Patrick Campbell; "Robespierre," 1899; "Dante," in collabora- 
tion with M. Moreau, 1899; "Les Merveilleuses," and "La Piste," 
both produced in Paris in 1906. The drama "Patrie" is consid- 
ered his masterpiece. Sardou's home is at 64 Boulevard de Cour- 
celles, Paris, and his summer address Marly-le-Roi, Seine-et-Oise, 
France. 

SAXE, Templer (Templer Edward Edeveain) : 

Actor and singer, was born at Redhill, Surrey, England, ih 
1866, being the son of Eaton Edeveain, barrister-at-law, and his 
wife, Lady de Capelbroke. He was educated at Brussels and 
Bonn universities. Having studied singing under Neville Hughes, 
of London, he made his first appearance as the Blacksmith ill 
"Tally Ho!" at Mr. and Mrs. Gerran Reed's Entertainment, St. 
George's Hall, London, in 1886. He then joined the Carl Rosa 
light opera company, playing Ruffino in "Paul Jones" and un- 
derstudying Agnes Huntington in the title part. In 1888 he un- 
derstudied Hayden Coffin and played the principal part in the 
opera "Marjorie" in the English provinces. He next played in 
"Miss Decima," known in this country as "Miss Helyett," and 
in which he played the baritone part of Tom Brown at the Cri- 
terion Theatre, London, in 1891, and in "Morocco Bound" in 
1892. He then went to South Africa and played fifteen parts in 
light operas during a season of six months. Returning to Eng- 
land, he played in "The Gaiety Girl" three consecutive seasons. 
He then created the part of Felix McAlister in "On the March" 
at the Prince of Wales's Theatre, London, and played in "All 
Aboard" at the Court. He played the Marquis in a revival of 
"The Chimes of Normandy," and the title part in "Billberry of 
Tilbury" at the Criterion. He then starred in the English prov- 
inces in "Paul Jones," and after a season singing ballads in 
vaudeville houses he came to this country in August, 1901, mak- 
ing his first appearance the following month in "The Ladies' 
Paradise" at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York. After art 
engagement in "The Chaperones" with Frank Perley, he resumed 
his part in "The Ladies' Paradise," then called "My Antoinette.'' 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 387 

He then played his old part in "Morocco Bound," following that 
with his first big success in this country as Lieutenant Hardy 
in "The Sultan of Sulu," which ran six months at Wallack's 
Theatre, New York. He created the baritone part in "An Eng- 
lish Daisy" at the Casino, and Piff in "Piff, Paff, Pouf" at the 
same theatre. The season of 1905-6 he played the Hon. Crew 
Boodle in "The Earl and the Girl." The season of 1906-7 he 
played the baritone part in "The Blue Moon," and was seen in 
"Yama" the season of 1907-8. Mr. Saxe is a member of the Sav- 
age, Eccentric, Green Room, Playgoers' and National Sporting 
clubs, of London, and the Green Room Club, New York. 

SAYRE, Theodore Burt: 

Playwright, was born in New York December 18, 1874. He 
was educated at the University Grammar School, was graduated 
from the New York College of Pharmacy in 1892; and became 
official play reader for Charles Frohman in 1899, an office which 
he has held ever since. He had made his mark as a writer of 
novels before he produced his first play, "The Wife of Willough- 
by," at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, in 1896. The following 
year his "Charles O'Malley" was produced at Washington, D. G. 
His plays since then have been "Two Rogues and a Romance," 
produced in 1898 at St. Louis; "The Son of Carleycroft," at 
Boston, in 1900; "A Classical Cowboy," 1900; "Manon Lescaut," 
1901, at Wallack's Theatre, New York; "Tom Moore," at the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York; "The Bold Soger Boy," at 
the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, in 1903, and "Edmund 
Burke," produced at the Majestic Theatre, New York, in 1905. 
Mr. Sayre is the author of "Eileen Asthore," written for Chaun- 
cey Olcott and produced at the New York Theatre in 1906. His 
latest work is "O'Niell of Derry," in which Mr. Olcott starred 
the season of 1907-8. Mr. Sayre married Laura Helen de Gu- 
moens April 6, 1904. His home is at 63 West Forty-sixth street, 
New York. 

SCHEFF, Madame Fritzi (Madame von Bardeleben) : 

Grand and comic opera prima donna, was born in Vienna, 
her maiden name being Anna Scheff Yager. Her mother, Hor- 
tense Scheff, was a prima donna at the Imperial Opera House, 
Vienna, and her father, Dr. Yager, a physician of the Austrian 
capital. When she was five years old Miss Yager sang in a 
church choir, and when she was eight years old was spoken of 
as a prodigy. After completing vocal study at Dresden and 
Frankfort she made her stage debut in the latter city as Juliet 
in "Romeo and Juliet." After singing prima donna roles in 



388 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"Faust," "Cavalleria Rusticana," "La Boheme," and "Mignon" 
for two years in Frankfort, she went to Munich, and there Mau- 
rice Grau heard her. She signed a three years' contract with 
him, making her first American appearance at the Metropolitan 
Opera House, New York, as Marzelline in "Fidelio" December 
28, 1900. That season she appeared as a Rhine Maiden in "Rhein- 
gold," and "Gotterdammerung"; as a Valkyr in "Walkure," as 
the unseen Forest Bird in "Siegfried," Zerlina in "Don Giovan- 
ni," and Musetta in "La Boheme." The following season she 
was the Cherubino of "The Marriage of Figaro," the Papagena 
of "The Magic Flute," the Nedda of "Pagliacci," and the Asa of 
Paderewski's "Manru." During the interval between these two 
seasons Fritzi Scheff became the wife of Baron Fritz von Barde- 
leben, a German captain of hussars. When it became known 
that Maurice Grau was to give up the management of the Metro- 
politan Opera House Charles B. Dillingham made Fritzi Scheff 
an offer to star in comic opera under his management. She ac- 
cepted and made her debut in that field at the Broadway Thea- 
tre in November, 1903, as Babette in the opera of that name by 
Harry B. Smith and Victor Herbert. The next season she ap- 
peared in "The Two Roses," a musical version of "She Stoops to 
Conquer," by Stanislaus Stange and Ludwig Englander. Mr. 
Dillingham then revived for her a series of the old light operas, 
Lecoq's "Girofle Girofla" and Von Suppe's "Boccaccio" and "Fati- 
nitza" being among them. The seasons of 1905 to 1908 she ap- 
peared in "Mile. Modiste," by Henry Blossom and Victor Her- 
bert. 

SCHRADER, Frederick Franklin: 

Playwright, was born in Hamburg, Germany, October 27, 
1857. He was for twelve years on the staff of the Washington 
Post and became well known as the dramatic critic of that 
paper. His first play, a sensational border drama, entitled 
" Haw key e," was played for five years by Arthur Sprague. His 
other plays are "A Modern Lady Godiva" (Amelia Bingham), 
"The French Ball" (Fanny Rice), "The Man from Texas," and 
the adaptation of an opera by Suppe for Heinrich Conried. He 
was at one time manager of Pope's Theatre, St. Louis, previous 
to which he managed Tootle's Opera House at St. Joseph, Mo., 
for three years. Mr. Schrader has been managing editor of the 
Denver Republican and other Western newspapers. His home is 
at 1 West Eighty-second street, New York. 

SCHUMANN-HEINE:, Madame: 

Grand opera prima donna, was born in Lieben, near Prague, 
June 15, 1861, her father being an Austrian mayor. Her maiden 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 389 

name was Ernestine Roessler. She was educated in the Ursuline 
Convent at Prague, where also she began her singing. Before 
she was seventeen years old she was engaged as principal con- 
tralto of the Dresden Court Opera, and she made her entrance 
on the stage October 15, 1878, as Azucena in "II Trovatore." In 
the fourth year of her service at the Court Opera her contract, 
was canceled because of her marriage without the consent of 
the "Intendanz." After an absence of more than a year, during 
which time all efforts at again procuring an engagement even 
as a member of the chorus were unavailing, she reappeared in 
Hamburg in the fall of 1883, and afterwards in various opera 
houses and concert halls of Europe. Her success at Bayreuth in 
1896 brought her offers from Maurice Grau, with whom she 
signed a contract for 1898. Since that time she has been in 
America, which is now her home. She has appeared in all of 
the principal cities. Early in 1908 she appeared in "II Trova- 
tore" at the Manhattan Opera House, New York. 

SCOTT, Miss Agnes : 

Actress, was born in Nashville, Tenn., and made her first 
appearance the season of 1900-1 with the Berger Stock Company 
at the Lafayette Square Opera House in Washington, D. C., 
playing small parts. The following two seasons she was witli 
Chase's Musical Comedy Company. She then joined the Wells- 
Dunn-Harlen Company, and in 1904 became a member of the 
Mordaunt Humphrey Stock Company at Albany, N. Y. The fall 
of 1904 Miss Scott played a leading part in "Common Sense 
Brackett" with Richard Golden, and the following spring she 
became a member of the Proctor Stock Company at the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth Street Theatre, New York. She re- 
mained with the organization nearly three years, and the sea- 
son of 1907-8 she was seen in vaudeville, playing a sketch called 
"The Parting Wall." 

SCOTT, Cyril: 

Comedian, was born at Banbridge, County Down, Ireland, 
February 9, 1866, and came to the United States with his parents 
at an early age. He made his first appearance on the stage in 
August, 1883, in Paterson, N. J., in "The Girl I Love; or, The 
Diamond Mystery." He had previously, as a schoolboy, per- 
formed as a minstrel, and it was at the suggestion of a dramatic 
critic of a New York newspaper who had seen him in "black 
face" that he sought a stage career. He played two roles in his 
first engagement, one of them that of a negro, and received three 
dollars a week and his board. His second engagement was with 



390 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Minnie Maddern in "Caprice" at fifteen dollars a week. When 
that play passed into the hands of the Frohman brothers 
Charles, Daniel and Gustave they retained Mr. Scott and ad- 
vanced his salary to thirty dollars a week. From that time on 
his rise was rapid. In 1884, 1885 and 1886 he played with Min- 
nie Maddern in "in Spite of All" and "Caprice," and the sea- 
son of 1886-7 appeared with Richard Mansfield in "Prince Karl" 
and other plays. The following season he played with Lotta in 
"Pawn Ticket 210" and "The Little Detective," and in 1888-9 
supported E. H. Sothern in "Lord Chumley," "The Highest Bid- 
der," and "The Minister of Woodbarrow. " The following season 
he joined the Lyceum Theatre Stock Company, prominent among 
his many roles being those in "Sweet Lavender" and "Old Heads 
and Young Hearts." Charles Frohman then engaged him for 
his stock company, and with that organization Mr. Scott played 
in "Men and Women," "The Lost Paradise," "The Councillor's 
Wife," "The Girl I Left Behind Me," "The Younger Son," "Sow- 
ing the Wind," "The Luck of Roaring Camp," and "The Gudg- 
eons." Then followed seasons with Mrs. Leslie Carter in "The 
Heart of Maryland," "My Friend from India," and "Lost, Strayed 
or Stolen." He then entered the musical comedy field and im- 
mediately became one of the most popular and successful sing- 
ing comedians of the day, roles with Augustin Daly's company 
in "The Circus Girl," "The Geisha," and "Runaway Girl" being 
his principal successes. Later engagements were with Anna 
Held in "Papa's Wife," in "The Lady Slavey," "The Casino 
Girl," and "Florodora." In 1905 he returned to legitimate com- 
edy, appearing in "The Prince Chap," which had a long run in 
New York, and in which he continued to star the seasons of 
1906-7-8. Mr. Scott married Louise Eissing, prima donna of 
the Henderson Extravaganza Company. His home is at Bayside, 
Long Island. 

SEABROOKE, Thomas Quigley: 

Comedian, was born in Mount Vernon, N. Y., October 20, 
1860. He attended the public schools there, and when eleven 
years old obtained employment at the East Chester National 
Bank. He was afterward teller in the banking-house of J. M. 
Masterson & Co. He made his first appearance on the stage 
September 11, 1880, at Westerly, R. I., as Bertie Cecil in "Cigar- 
ette," a play founded on Ouida's novel "Under Two Flags." He 
next played with Helen Coleman in "The Widow Bedotte," and 
in 1882 was in a stock company at Halifax, Nova Scotia. The 
following season he played the Detective in "Rooms to Rent," 
and the following year John Mandamus in "Irish Aristocracy." 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 391 

He made his first New York appearance at the Academy of 
Music in the same part the fall of 1882. In July, 1883, he mar- 
ried Elvia Crox, an actress, from whom he was divorced. He aft- 
erward married Mrs. Jeanette Lowrie, an actress. The season of 
1883-4 Mr. Seabrooke played juvenile lead with Jeffreys Lewis in 
"The Ruling Passion, "and throughout a stock season at the Bald- 
win Theatre, San Francisco. After supporting Barney McAuley for 
a time, as a member of George Holland's company, Mr. Seabrooke 
played his first comedy role. It was in "Ten Nights in a Barroom." 
Dashing into the field of farce comedy, he made hits in "Two 
Bad Men" and "Aphrodite." He then created the part of Oleo 
Masherine in "Keep It Dark." In 1886 he was seen in Hoyt's 
"A Tin Soldier," and in 1888 he was with Kate Castleton in "A 
Paper Doll." In November of that year he made his first ap- 
pearance in comic opera as General Knickerbocker in "The Lit- 
tle Tycoon." He then created the part of Deacon Tidd in "The 
Midnight Bell" February 18, 1889. The following year he be- 
came a star in the comic opera "The Fakir." In 1900 he was 
with De Wolf Hopper in "Castles in the Air." Mr. Seabrooke 
made his first great success in "The Isle of Champagne," which 
was produced in May, 1892, and ran for nearly three years. 
"Tobasco" was Mr. Seabrooke's next opera, produced in Boston 
in 1894. This was followed by a farce called "A World of 
Trouble," and "The Speculator." He then appeared in "Yankee 
Doodle Dandy," in "Erminie," in "The Rounders," in "Piff, 
Paff, Pouf," and in the spring of 1906 he was in "The Alcayde," 
produced in Chicago. The fall season of 1906-7 he played in a 
sketch with Pauline Hall in the vaudeville houses, and continued 
in vaudeville the season of 1907-8. 

SELWYN, Edgar: 

Actor and playwright, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Octo- 
ber 20, 1875, and was educated in Toronto, Canada. His first 
connection with the dramatic profession was as an usher at the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York. He made his first appear- 
ance on the stage in "Secret Service" with William Gillette at 
the Garrick Theatre, New York, in October, 1896. The follow- 
ing season he was in stock companies at Rochester, N. Y., and 
at the Third Avenue Theatre, New York. On February 27, 1899, 
he appeared as Dugard with E. H. Sothern in "The King's 
Musketeers" at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, and aft- 
erward played Tony in "Arizona." The seasons of 1900-1-2 he 
was with Kyrle Bellew in "The Gentleman of France"; 1903-4, 
he played Jose in "The Pretty Sister of Jose" with Maude 
Adams; 1904-5, Jacky with Ethel Barrymore in "Sunday," also 



392 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Dr. Rank in "A Doll's House" at the Lyceum Theatre, and Jim- 
my Antrobus in "Gypsy" at the Garrick Theatre, New York. He 
played Perryton Carlyle in "The Little Gray Lady" November, 
1905; Donald Burnside in "Popularity," 1906; and Frederick 
Payton in "The Mills of the Gods" at the Astor Theatre, New 
York, March, 1907. The season of 1907-8 he starred in "Strong- 
heart." Mr. Selwyn is senior member of Selwyn & Co., play 
brokers, and author of the following plays: "A Rough Rider's 
Romance," "The Original Cohen," "The Adoption of Archibald,'' 
"It's All Your Fault," "The Energetic West," and many one-act 
pieces. He married Margaret Mayo, actress and playwright, 
May 16, 1901. His business address is 1402 Broadway, New 
York. 

SEYMOUR, William: 

Stage director, was born in New York December 19, 1855. 
He began his stage career as an actor of boy parts at the Varie- 
ties Theatre, New Orleans, in 1862, and remained there until 
1869. He was call boy at Booth's Theatre from 1869 to 1871, 
a.nd then went to the Globe Theatre, Boston, for a season. From 
1872 to 1875 he was stage manager of the Varieties Theatre, 
New Orleans, and with Lawrence Barrett, and was with A. M. 
Palmer for two years at the Union Square Theatre, New York. 
From 1877 to 1879 he was stage manager of the California and 
Baldwin's theatres, San Francisco, and then became stage direc- 
tor at the Boston Museum, a place he occupied ten years. In 
1890 he became manager for Abbey, Schoeffel & Grau, of the 
Tremont Theatre, Boston, staying there nine years. One season 
he was general manager with Maurice Grau at the Metropolitan 
Opera House, New York. He next became associated with the 
productions of Charles Frohman, whose general stage director 
he has been since June 1, 1904. Mr. Seymour married May, a 
daughter of E. L. Davenport and sister of Fanny Davenport, 
January 8, 1882. He is a member of The Players, New York. 
His home is at South Duxbury, Mass. His business address is 
Empire Theatre, New York. 

SHALEK, Miss Bertha : 

Actress and singer, was born in Chicago January 2, 1884. 
She was educated in New York City, and before going on the 
stage attained some fame as a violiniste. She made her first 
professional appearance in the title role of Bizet's "Carmen" at 
the Providence (R. I.) Opera House, in 1903, under the manage- 
ment of Felix Hendelshaffer. After doing stock work in Provi- 
dence she played "Dolly Varden" under the management of F. C. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 393 

Whitney, and then became prima donna with De Wolf Hopper, 
playing in "Happyland" and "Wang." She was next engaged by 
John Cort to play in "Babette," and "Two Roses." The sum- 
mer season of 1907 she was with the Van den Berg Opera Com- 
pany at the West End Theatre, New York, and made a conspicu- 
ous success as "Carmen." The fall season of the same year 
she was prima donna with the "Yankee Regent" opera company, 
opening in St. Louis, Mo., August 23. Miss Shalek's New York 
address is 230 West Ninety-ninth street. 

SHANNON, Miss Effie: 

Actress, was born in Cambridge, Mass., her father being a 
native of Portsmouth, N. H. She made her first appearance on 
the stage as a child, in a crowd of "supers," in John McCul- 
lough's revival of "Coriolanus" at the Boston Theatre. Her first 
speaking part was Little Eva in a production of "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin" at the Howard Athenseuin, Boston. In a tour of the 
company through New England she was billed as "La Petite 
Shannon." Afterward Miss Shannon played children's parts 
with Lawrence Barrett, and she was also in the chorus of a 
children's "Pinafore" company, Ida Mulle being the Josephine 
and Fritz Williams the Sir Joseph Porter. Miss Shannon's 
mother then took her to New York, where she finished her edu- 
cation, and then played a small part in "The Silver King." She 
made her first succcess as Rose Leyburn in "Robert Elsmere" 
with Robert Mantell at the Union Square Theatre, New York, 
after which she joined the Augustin Daly company, remaining 
with it a year and a half. In 1887 Miss Shannon became a 
member of Daniel Frohman's Lyceum Company and made suc- 
cesses as Kittie Ives in "The Wife," Kate in "The Idler," and 
Bess in "The Charity Ball." Miss Shannon was married to 
Henry Guy Carleton, the playwright, April 10, 1890, obtaining 
a divorce from him about three years later. Miss Shannon played 
Dora in "Diplomacy" with Rose Coghlan in 1893, and afterward 
supported Mrs. Langtry in "Gossip," and Olga Nethersole. She 
then became joint star with Mr. Kelcey in "The Moth and the 
Flame," which ran several seasons. In January, 1901, she ap- 
peared in "My Lady Dainty" at the Madison Square Theatre, 
New York, and in March of that year as Manon in "Manon 
Lescaut" at the Grand Opera House, New York. She subse- 
quently appeared with Mr. Kelcey in "Her Lord and Master," 
"Sherlock Holmes," "Taps," and "The Lightning Conductor." 
Miss Shannon was seen in "The Daughters of Men" on Novem- 
ber 19, 1906, at the Astor Theatre, New York, and toured in 
"The Walls of Jericho" the season of 1907-8. 



394 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

SHATTUCK, Miss Truly (Mrs. Stephen A. Douglas) : 

Actress and singer, was born in an adobe house, adjoining 
the old Mission Church of San Miguel, in San Luis Obispo 
County, California, July 27, 1876. Her maiden name was Clarice 
Etrulia de Bucharde. She made her first appearance on the 
stage as a member of the chorus at the Tivoli Opera House, San 
Francisco, her first salary being eight dollars a week. Miss 
Shattuck made her first Eastern success in the part of MephisLo 
in "Little Faust," under the management of William Parry, the 
summer of 1895. After a season in vaudeville she played in 
"The English Daisy" for twelve weeks at Weber & Fields's, 
New York. Again going into vaudeville she played a season, 
in 1899, at the Winter Garden, Berlin, Germany, and the season 
of 1900 she was in "The American Beauty" in London, Eng- 
land, with Edna May. She joined the Cohan and Harris forces 
on returning to this country, and played with them three suc- 
cessive seasons, appearing in "Little Johnny Jones," "George 
Washington, Jr.," and "The Governor's Son." The fall of 1907 
she was seen in "The Lady from Lane's," which opened at the 
Lyric Theatre, New York, August 18, and later was with Joseph 
Weber in "Hip! Hip! Hooray! " at Weber's Theatre, New York. 
Miss Shattuck was married to Stephen A. Douglas November 
15, 1900. Her New York address is 181 West End avenue. 

SHAW, George Bernard: 

Playwright, was born in Dublin, Ireland, July 26, 1856. He 
went to London in 1876 and became a prominent Socialist and 
an art critic, writing for the World and Henry Labouchere'3 
Truth. He published four novels between 1880 and 1883, entitled 
"The National Knot," "Love Among the Artists," "Cashel By- 
ron's Profession," and "An Unsocial Socialist," in addition to 
many pamphlets on Socialism published by the Fabian Society, 
and later philosophical essays, "The Quintessence of Ibsenism" 
and "The Perfect Wagnerite." He wrote weekly articles on 
music in the London Star and the World, and articles on the 
drama in The Saturday Review. He has written many plays, 
the first to attract attention being "Arms and the Man," pro- 
duced by Richard Mansfield in New York in 1894. Since then 
his plays, some of which have been prohibited for stage pro- 
duction, have been of a character to make them unique in the 
literature of the stage. Among them are "Mrs. Warren's Pro- 
fession," produced by Arnold Daly in 1905, which was taken- 
from the boards after one performance in New York, and sub- 
sequently revived; "The Admirable Bashville," "How He Lied 
to Her Husband," "Man and Superman," "Caesar and Cleopatra," 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 395 

"Candida," and "The Devil's Disciple." Mr. Shaw married Miss 
C. F. Payne-Townshend in 1898. He is a vegetarian. He is a 
member of the London Borough Council, St. Pancras division. 
His home is at 29 Fitzroy square, London, W. 

SHAW, Miss Mary: 

Actress, was born in Boston, being the daughter of Levi W. 
Shaw. She was graduated from the high schools there, and for 
a short time taught in the public schools. At this time she 
took part in several amateur dramatic performances. Desiring 
to become a professional actress, she obtained a letter of intro- 
duction from John Boyle O'Reilly to Dion Boucicault. She ob- 
tained an engagement to play Chorus in an extravaganza at 
the Boston Museum, and in this part made her first appearance 
on the professional stage through a trap in the floor. She re- 
mained two years with the Boston Museum company, after which 
she was engaged by Augustin Daly and played at his theatre for 
a season. She supported Fanny Davenport. For four years she 
was leading woman with Madame Modjeska and attracted much 
attention as Queen Elizabeth in "Marie Stuart." After a sea- 
son as leading woman with Julia Marlowe, during her first star- 
ring tour, Miss Shaw appeared in "A Drop of Poison," an adap- 
tation from the German of Oscar Blumenthal. She then played 
in "A Night's Frolic," a farce, in which Helen Barry was starred. 
In 1893 Miss Shaw was seen as Rosalind in a Professional Wom- 
an's League production of "As You Like It" at the Garden 
Theatre, New York. Following this Miss Shaw played Marion 
in Mrs. Fiske's production of "Tess of the D'Urbervilles." She 
afterward created the part of Roxy in "Pudd'nhead Wilson" 
with Frank Mayo; played a season with Joseph Jefferson, and 
starred with Eben Plympton and Edmund Collier in a Shake- 
spearian repertoire. In 1898 she made the greatest success of 
her career as Mrs. Alving in Ibsen's "Ghosts," playing the role 
in New York at the Manhattan Theatre. She starred for thirty- 
seven weeks in that play, going through the country as far West 
as Colorado. She thus was the first American actress to intro- 
duce the work of the Norwegian playwright to the general Ameri- 
can public. In 1899 the International Congress of Women, con- 
vening in London, selected Miss Shaw to speak at St. Martin's 
Town Hall, in Trafalgar square, on "The Stage as a Means of 
Livelihood in America." She was one of a hundred American 
women invited to a banquet at Windsor Castle by Queen Victoria 
that summer. In October, 1905, she played Mrs. Warren in 
Bernard Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession" at its initial per- 
formance in America at the Garrick Theatre, New York. In 



396 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

the spring of 1906 she was starred by the Shuberts in "The Love 
That Blinds." The season of 1906-7 she toured in "Mrs. War- 
ren's Profession." Her New York address is 108 West Forty- 
fifth street. 

SHEEHAN, Joseph F. : 

Grand opera tenor, was born in Boston where, at the age 
of fourteen, he had gained prominence as a boy soprano through 
his singing in church choirs. In 1892, while he was leading 
tenor at St. Joseph's Cathedral, Boston, Thomas Q. Seabrooke 
made him an offer to join the "Isle of Champagne" company. 
Mr. Sheehan accepted, but he remained with the company only 
one season, leaving it to appear with the Bostonians in "Robin 
Hood," "Prince Ananias," and "The Maid of Plymouth." The 
following season he sang in "Rob Roy." He next sang the lead- 
ing tenor role in Smith and De Koven's "The Mandarin," and 
at the end of that engagement became a member of Henry W. 
Savage's Castle Square Opera Company. With this company he 
has made his chief success in singing grand opera in English, 
his most prominent roles being in "I Pagliacci," "Cavalleria 
Rusticana," "II Trovatore," "Faust," "Lohengrin," "Romeo and 
Juliet," "A'ida," and "La Boheme." October 15, 1906, Mr. Shee- 
han sang the role of Lieutenant Pinkerton in the first produc- 
tion in English of Puccini's Japanese opera, "Madame Butter- 
fly," at the Columbia Theatre, Washington, D. C. The spring 
of 1907 he appeared with the Van den Berg Opera Company at 
the West End Theatre, New York, and the following fall was at 
the head of his own company in St. Louis and other Western 
cities. 

SHELDON, Miss Suzanne (Mrs. Henry Ainley) : 

Actress, was born in Vermont January 24, 1875. She studied 
music in Frankfort, Germany, but, choosing a dramatic career, 
made her first appearance at the Lyceum Theatre, London, with 
Sir Henry Irving May 4, 1897, in "The Medicine Man." She 
also played in "Mme. Sans Gene." After several successful en- 
gagements Miss Sheldon was first seen in this country October 
14, 1901, as Huguette in "If I Were King" with E. H. Sothern 
at the Garden Theatre, New York. She afterward played the 
same part in London. She returned to her native land in 1903, 
appearing at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, November 23, 
as Ruth Langdon in "Captain Barrington." She has since been 
seen chiefly in London. The spring of 1907 she played Joe in 
"The Good Hope" with Miss Ellen Terry in this country. Miss 
Sheldon's home is at 1 Grove End road, London, N. W. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 397 

SHEPHERD, Leonard: 

Actor, was born in London, England, in 1872, and before go- 
ing on the stage was employed in the Army Inspection Depart- 
ment, in connection with the English Government small arms 
factories. He made his debut in 1894, playing small parts in the 
acted plays of Shakespeare and in the old comedies. Early in 
1897 he appeared in a round of old men's parts, and in the fall 
of that year was seen at the Adelphi Theatre, London, with 
the late William Terriss in "In the Days of the Duke." He 
then went to South Africa to play in "The Sign of the 
Cross" with W. J. Holloway, an Australian actor. In 1898 he 
returned to England and joined the late Osmond Tearle as lead- 
ing man the year following. The season of 1901-2 he went on 
his first starring tour, appearing as Shylock, Richard III, lago, 
Cassius and Virginius. The following season he added to his 
repertoire "Hamlet," "Othello," "Macbeth," "David Garrick" 
and "Young Marlowe." In 1905 he came to this country and 
toured California and the West with Ben Greet. Later he was 
seen with Bertha Kalich as Trivulzio in "Monna Vanna" at 
the Manhattan Theatre, New York, and as Grivet in Harrison 
Grey Fiske's dramatization of Emil Zola's "Therese Raquin.'' 
The season of 1907-8 he played the role of Sir Graham Craft in 
"O'Neill of Derry" with Chauncey Olcott, produced at the Lib- 
erty Theatre, New York, November 25, 1907. Mr. Shepherd mar- 
ried Miss Helena Head, an actress, in Natal in 1897. 

SHERWOOD, Miss Josephine: 

Actress, was born in Boston and was graduated from Rad- 
cliffe College, bhe made her first stage appearance with the 
Castle Square Stock Company, then played Helma in "What 
Happened to Jones," and Rose Walton in "Why Smith Left 
Home," under the management of Broadhurst and Curry. After 
a season playing ingenue roles in stock at the Grand Opera 
House, New Orleans, Miss Sherwood supported Nat Goodwin in 
"Wolfville." Her most important engagement was with Wilton 
Lackaye the season of 1906-7 when she played Fantine and Co- 
sette in the adaptation of "Les Miserables," called "Law and 
the Man." 

SHIPMAN, Louis Evan: 

Playwright, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., and was educated 
at the public schools there, at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, and at Harvard. For some time he was associated with 
Harper's Weekly in an editorial capacity. His first play was 
"D'Arcy of the Guards," produced by Henry Miller in 1901. The 



398 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

following year his dramatization of Winston Churchill's novel, 
"The Crisis," was produced by James K. Hackett. His "John 
Ermine of the Yellowstone" was produced at the Manhattan 
Theatre, New York, in 1903, and his dramatization of Churchill's 
"The Crossing" the following year. "On Parole," a war play 
from his pen, was produced in 1906 and ran through the season 
with Miss Charlotte Walker in the leading part. 

SHOTWELL, Miss Marie: 

Actress, was born in New York City, and was educated at 
the Convent of Mount St. Vincent, on the Hudson, N. Y. She 
made her first appearance on the stage at the conclusion of her 
studies, joining James O'Neill's company as leading woman, 
playing Mercedes in "Monte Cristo," Virginia in "Virginius," 
Julie in "Richelieu," etc. Later she appeared as Queen Caro- 
line in "Mme. Sans Gene" at the Broadway Theatre, New York, 
making a marked success. Subsequently she was seen in "The 
Prisoner of Zenda" with E. H. Sothern, and as Lady Sack in 
Mrs. Hodgson Burnett's "The First Gentleman of Europe" with 
the Lyceum Stock Company, New York. Her mother died at 
this time, and she retired temporarily from the stage. The year 
following she married and went abroad for five years. In 1906 
she was seen in Charles Klein's "The Daughters of Men," and 
at the close of the season joined the Frawley Stock Company, 
San Francisco. The season of 1907-8 she appeared as Shirley 
Rossmore in a road company of "The Lion and the Mouse." 

SHTJBERT, Lee: 

Manager, was born in Syracuse, N. Y. While he was corre- 
spondent for a New York dramatic paper he and his brother, 
the late Sam S. Shubert, who was killed in 1905 in a railroad 
accident, took out two small comedy companies on tour, and 
later leased the Bastable Theatre, Syracuse, where they installed 
a stock company. In April, 1900, he became manager of the 
Herald Square Theatre, New York, and later the Princess, 
Casino, Lincoln Square, Majestic, Hippodrome and numerous 
other New York theatres, besides playhouses in nearly every city 
of the United States, fell under his management. His New 
York City address is 1416 Broadway. 

SIDNEY, Fred. W. : 

Actor, playwright and stage manager, was born in England, 
being the son of the late William Sidney, for many years stage 
manager of the Adelphi Theatre, London. After wide experi- 
ence as actor and stage manager in England Mr. Sidney came 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 39& 

to this country in 1887. He made his first appearance here 
with Mrs. James Brown Potter at the Fifth Avenue Theatre,. 
New York. This was followed by an engagement at the Boston 
Museum for the run of "Harbor Lights." Mr. Sidney made his 
first marked success as a stage manager in this country with 
his production of "The Scarlet Letter" for Richard Mansfield 
at Daly's Theatre, New York. The season of 1905-6 Mr. Sidney 
supported Grace George in "The Marriage of William Ashe," 
and the season of 1907-8 was with W. H. Crane's company, play- 
ing in "Father and the Boys." Mr. Sidney is the author of "Her 
Evil Genius," a comedy-drama produced by Maude Banks; "Wig. 
and Gown," played by the late Rosina Yokes; "A Loving Leg- 
acy," produced at the Strand Theatre, London; "A Queen of 
Hearts," a musical comedy played by John Mason and Marion 
Manola, and the farce comedy, "The Brixton Burglary," pro- 
duced at Terry's Theatre, London, and afterward at the Herald 
Square Theatre, New York. Mr. Sidney married Vida Croly, 
daughter of Mrs. J. C. Croly, the writer known as "Jennie 
June. " 

SILL, William Raymond: 

Manager, was born in Hartford, Conn., September 29, 1869, 
being the youngest child of George Griswold Sill, ex-Governor 
of Connecticut. He was educated in Hartford, and attended 
Amherst College for a short time, but left there to become a 
reporter on the Hartford Telegram. Soon afterward he estab- 
lished the Winsted Citizen, the first daily newspaper in Litch- 
field County, Connecticut. In 1888 he went to Minneapolis as 
an editorial writer on the Tribune. Two years later he became 
managing and dramatic editor of the Daily News, St. Joseph, 
Mo. In 1890 he was sent to Europe as the representative of 
various publications, to write his impressions of the Passion 
Play at Oberammergau. In 1891 he became a reporter on the 
New York Recorder. He then went to Venezuela as a corre- 
spondent for several newspapers during the Crespo revolution, 
and visited the Maroon Indians, in the Blue Mountains of Ja- 
maica, writing many magazine articles regarding them. In 1895- 
the New York Journal commissioned Mr. Sill to go to Cuba 
and write several articles regarding the operations of the in- 
surgent armies under Gomez and Antonio Maceo. An interview 
with the then Captain-General, Martinez y Campos, published in 
the Journal, made it advisable for Mr. Sill to return post-haste 
to this country, which he did in a tug by way of Pensacola. 
When the Spanish-American War became a certainty Mr. Sill 
was sent to the island of St. Thomas, Danish West Indies, with 



400 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

the Journal's yacht Anita, and was practically held prisoner for 
several weeks by the Spanish gunboats. Later Mr. Sill cabled to 
his paper the first account of Admiral Sampson's bombardment 
of San Juan, Porto Rico. The next month he witnessed tha 
destruction of Cervera's fleet. Mr. Sill was dramatic editor and 
critic of the New York Evening "World for several years, until 
he became personal representative for Stuart Robson. Upon Mr. 
Robson's death he was the representative of Marie Cahill on 
her first starring venture. Then he entered the employ of Weber 
& Fields as their representative at the Globe Theatre in Boston, 
and also was manager of the tour of Charles Richman in "Cap- 
tain Harrington," and of the musical comedy "An English 
Daisy," both enterprises financed by Weber & Fields. When 
Weber & Fields undertook their transcontinental tour Mr. Sill 
was their general representative, and when Joseph Weber and 
Lew Fields dissolved partnership Mr. Sill became manager for 
Mr. Fields and remained with him for two years until, in 1906, 
he became associated with Alfred E. Aarons in his various en- 
terprises. Since then he has been business representative of 
many theatrical organizations. Mr. Sill married Frances Han- 
Ion, daughter of Edward Hanlon, of the Hanlon Brothers, and 
has one child, Frances Rosemary, born September 13, 1905. 

SIMMS, Willard : 

Actor, was born in Chicago and got his first stage experi- 
ence in small companies traveling through the West. He then 
filled engagements with Ethel Tucker and Corinne, with whom 
he was leading comedian for two years. He made his first New 
York appearance at the Casino Theatre in "The Merry World," 
and afterward played Lord Algy in "An American Beauty" with 
Miss Lillian Russell. When Miss Edna May produced this mu- 
sical comedy in London Mr. Simms went over to play his origi- 
nal part. Returning to this country in 1900, he appeared for 
two seasons in vaudeville in a musical sketch called "Flinder's 
Furnished Flat." He then starred for two years on tour in 
"Pickings from Puck" and afterward became leading comedian 
with the Tivoli Stock Company in San Francisco. The season 
of 1905-6 he was seen in "The Rollicking Girl" with Sam Ber- 
nard. Then he again went into vaudeville. 

SIMS, George Robert : 

Playwright, was born in England September 2, 1847, and 
was educated at Eastbourne and at Bonn, Germany. He first 
attracted attention as a writer on the London Referee, wherein 
his famous "Dagonet Ballads" were published. His first im- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 401 

portant play was "The Lights o' London," produced at the Prin- 
cess Theatre, London, in 1881; this was followed by "Romany 
Rye," "In the Ranks," "Harbor Lights" and many melodramas 
well-known in this country. He is also the author of "The Gay 
City," "The Merry Duchess," "Little Christopher Columbus," 
"The Guardsman," "The English Rose," "Two Little Vagrants." 
and "The Dandy Fifth," all of which have been played in the 
United States. Mr. Sims was knighted in the Order of St_ 
Olaf by the late King of Sweden, in recognition of his news- 
paper defence of a Swede unjustly on trial in London. He is 
the editor of a publication called Living London. His home is 
in Clarence terrace, Regent's Park, London. 

SITGEEAVES, Miss Beverly: 

Actress; made her first appearance on the stage with Agnes 
Herndon at the Union Square Theatre, New York, in 1888 in "The 
Commercial Traveler's Bride." The following year she joined the 
Rosina Vokes Company, playing leading juvenile parts. Since 
then she has supported such stars as Richard Mansfield, Mrs. 
Bernhard-Beere and Sadie Martinet. Among her greatest suc- 
cesses have been the Baroness in "A Parisian Romance," the 
Housekeeper in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," and the Heroine in 
"Work and Wages." She was also in "The Resurrection" with 
Blanche Walsh. Miss Sitgreaves was last seen in Henry W. Sav- 
age's production of "The Stolen Story," which played a brief 
season at the Garden Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1906. 
She appeared in "The Sinner" with Robert Edeson in December, 
1907. 

SKINNER, Otis: 

Actor, was born in Cambridge, Mass., June 28, 1865, his 
father being the Rev. Charles A. Skinner, a Universalist minis- 
ter. He was educated in Hartford, Conn., and afterward was a 
clerk in an office there. As an amateur he organized a dramatic 
and musical club and, deciding to adopt the stage as a means 
of livelihood, he made his first appearance at Wood's Museum 
in Philadelphia October 30, 1877. He played the part of Old 
Plantation, a negro, in a play called "Woodleigh," his salary 
being eight dollars a week. The following summer he was in 
the stock company at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, 
where he supported John McCullough, Lawrence Barrett, John 
T. Raymond, Madame Janauschek and Mary Anderson. Mr. 
Skinner made his first appearance in New York in 1879 at Nib- 
lo's in "Enchantment." Then followed a short season with Ed- 
win Booth at Booth's Theatre, during which he made his first 



402 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

hit as Francois in "Richelieu." The season of 1880-1 Mr. Skin- 
ner was at the Boston Theatre, after which he became leading 
man for Lawrence Barrett for three seasons. In November, 
1884 he made his first appearance as a member of Augustin 
Daly's company in New York in "The Wooden Spoon." He re- 
mained with the Daly company five years. After producing a 
play written by himself and his brother Charles, at the Grand 
Opera House in Chicago in the fall of 1889, Mr. Skinner became 
leading man for Edwin Booth and Madame Modjeska, who were 
then joint stars. Mr. Skinner then went to London, and ap- 
peared as Romeo at the Globe Theatre. Returning to this coun- 
try, he supported Helen Mather and, in 1892-3, was again with 
Modjeska. Mr. Skinner first became a star in 1894. He opened 
his season in Chicago in "His Grace de Grammont." He also 
played two plays by his brother "The King's Jester" and "Vil- 
lon, the Vagabond." The fall of 1895 he was first seen as Ham- 
let at the Grand Opera House, Chicago; then, after a season 
with Joseph Jefferson, Mr. Skinner starred in "Rosemary." Mr. 
Skinner appeared at Atlantic City October 19, 1903, with Ada 
Rehan as Petruchio in "The Taming of the Shrew." He also 
acted Shylock to her Portia at the Lyric Theatre, New York, in 
February, 1904. In October of that year he appeared in the 
title role of "The Harvester," and the season of 1906-7 was seen 
as Abbe Daniel in "The Duel," which opened at the Hudson 
Theatre February 12. The season of 1907-8 he toured in "The 
Honor of the Family." In April, 1895, Mr. Skinner married 
Maud Durban, an actress. 

SKIPWORTH, Miss Alison (Mrs. Frank Markham Skip- 
worth) : 

Actress, was born in North Audley street, London, England, 
in 1871, and was educated in that city. In 1890 she was mar- 
ried to Frank Markham Skipworth, a well-known artist and, to 
use her own words, she "was driven on the stage by poverty 
and remained for love of it." She made her first appearance, 
in 1894, at Daly's Theatre, London, as Haidee Walton in "The 
Gaiety Girl" under the management of George Edwardes. She 
first came to this country in the same play under the manage- 
ment of Charles Frohman. After a season in pantomime in 
Manchester, England, she returned to New York as a member 
of the Lyceum Stock Company under Daniel Frohman. She 
then played Favorita in "The Circus Girl" in London, and the 
two following seasons was in Daniel Frohman's stock company 
at Daly's Theatre, New York. Following engagements were as 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 403 

Mrs. Neville in "The Way of the World," in "Frisky Mrs. John- 
son" with Amelia Bingham, as Madame Levier in "Captain 
Dieppe" with John Drew, in "Man Proposes" with Henry Miller, 
as the Queen in "Cymbeline," Olivia in "Twelfth Night," and 
Audrey with Viola Allen. Miss Skipworth's favorite pastime is 
farming. She has a summer place at "Sevenacres," Smith town. 
Branch, Long Island, N. Y. 

SLEATH, Herbert (Herbert Sleath Skelton) : 

Actor, was born in 1870 and educated at Eton. After leav- 
ing school he was coached for the army, but the charm of 
travel seized him and, being wealthy, he went to Texas and 
Central America and spent some time in mining and ranching. 
He returned to England and went on the stage, among his first 
parts being D'Alroy in "Caste," Clement Hale in "Sweet Laven- 
der," and Cattermole in "The Private Secretary." In a short 
time he engaged in management, and produced and played for 
two years "What Happened to Jones" at the Strand Theatre. 
He also shared in the management of the Adelphi, Olympic, 
Terry's, Avenue, Prince of Wales's and Vaudeville theatres, and 
appeared at the Haymarket in "The Second in Command," and 
in "The Only Way" at the Lyceum in 1900. In 1904 he came to 
the United States with his wife, and in 1906 appeared in "The 
Dear Unfair Sex," after which he was seen in "She Stoops to 
Conquer" with W. H. Crane, and in Leo Ditrichstein's "The 
Ambitious Mrs. Alcott," produced at the Astor Theatre, New 
York, April 1, 1907. Mr. Sleath then returned to England where 
he has since acted. He devotes his leisure to horseracing, and 
has carried off honors as an amateur steeplechase rider. 

SLOANE, Alfred Baldwin: 

Composer, was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1872. There he 
formed the Paint and Powder Club, and the members produced 
an opera composed by him. This attracted attention, and he 
was engaged to write "Excelsior, Jr." for Edward E. Rice, which 
brought him into prominence. He next wrote "Jack and the 
Beanstalk" for Klaw & Erlanger. He also wrote much of the 
music for the plays of the late Charles Hoyt. Other operas and 
musical comedies composed by Mr. Sloane are "The Mocking 
Bird," in which Mabelle Oilman starred; "Coming Through the 
Rye," "Broadway to Tokio," "Sergeant Kitty" for Virginia Earle, 
"Lady Teazle" for Lillian Russell, and "The Gingerbread Man." 
Mr. Sloane is a member of The Lambs and the Baton Club. His 
home is at 202 West Seventy-ninth street, New York. 



404 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

SMITH, C. Aubrey: 

Actor, was born in England July 21, 1862, and was educated 
at Charterhouse School, London, and at Cambridge, where he 
was famous as a cricketer and also manager of the Amateur 
Dramatic Club. He was captain of English cricket teams which 
visited Australia and South Africa. He made his first appear- 
ance on the stage as a member of the company of Sir John Hare, 
coming to America with that actor in 1902. Returning to Eng- 
land, he acted with George Alexander at the St. James's Thea- 
tre, and then became leading man with Mrs. Patrick Campbell. 
He was seen in "The Light That Failed" in 1903, in a revival of 
"Lady Windermere's Fan" in 1904, and he played the Duke in 
"Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire" in 1905. The same year he was seen iu 
"The Walls of Jericho," and in 1906 created the part of Sir 
Marcus Ordeyne in "The Morals of Marcus" at the Garrick Thea- 
tre, London. The season of 1907-8 he played his original part 
in that play in this country, supporting Miss Marie Doro, and 
opening at the Criterion Theatre, New York, November 18, 1907. 
Mr. Smith is a musician and a clever painter. His home is at 
Old Orchard, West Drayton, near London, England. 

SMITH, Edgar: 

Playwright, was born in Brooklyn December 9, 1857. He 
made his debut as an actor at Booth's Theatre, New York, in 
"Julius Caesar" at the benefit for Frederick Warde. He played 
several engagements during the season of 1878-9, and went to 
Daly's Theatre for the season of 1879-80. He spent several suc- 
ceeding years in St. Louis, and wrote there, in conjunction with 
Augustus Thomas, "Editha's Burglar" and "Combustion," play- 
ing in them during the season of 1884-85 with an organization 
known as the Dickson Sketch Club. In 1885-6 he was connected 
with the Patti Rosa company, and wrote for her a comedy- 
drama, "Love and Duty." He wrote and produced in Chicago 
during the summer of 1886 "Little Lohengrin," a travesty, and 
in September, 1886, went to the New York Casino as librettist. 
He continued in that capacity, occasionally appearing as an actor 
in the productions at that theatre, until 1892-3. During that 
period he made adaptations of various foreign operas, among 
them "Nadjy," "Apollo," "The Brazilian," "The Grand Duchess," 
"Poor Jonathan," "The Brigands," "Madelon," and "The Mar- 
quis" for the Casino, and wrote "You and I," in conjunction 
with Richard F. Carroll, and "Spider and Fly" and various 
short travesties for M. B. Leavitt. Mr. Smith was with James 
T. Powers in "Walker, London," and Thomas Q. Seabrooke in 
"Tabasco" in the season of 1892-3. Subsequent to that and prior 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 405 

to 1896 he wrote and produced "The Grand Vizier," "Miss Phil- 
adelphia," and "The Merry World," and adapted for America 
"The Girl from Paris," "The French Maid," "Monte Carlo," and 
"Hotel Topsy Turvy." In 1896 he became stock author for We- 
ber's Music Hall, New York, for which he has written dozens of 
entertainments and travesties, his latest being "Hip! Hip! 
Hooray!" produced October 7, 1907, and burlesques of "The 
Thief," and "The Merry Widow." Mr. Smith has also written 
and produced "Home, Sweet Home," a rural drama; "The Little 
Host," a musical comedy, and "Sweet Anne Page," an opera, the 
two latter in conjunction with the late Louis De Lange. His 
home is at Elmhurst, Long Island. He is a member of The 
Lambs, the Elks and the Mystic Shrine. 

SMITH, Harry B. : 

Playwright, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., December 28, 1860, 
and became a newspaper writer in his early years for the Chi- 
cago Neivs-Letter, after which he became the dramatic and mu- 
sical editor of the Chicago Daily News. His first literary work 
for the stage was the libretto for "Rosito," produced by the Fay 
Templeton company. His next libretto was that of "The Be- 
gum," which was presented by the McCaull Opera Company a 
hundred and fifty nights. After that he wrote the librettos of 
"Boccaccio," "Clever," "The Crystal Slipper," and "Don Quix- 
ote," and then, in connection with Reginald De Koven, who 
wrote the music, he produced "Robin Hood," the most success- 
ful comic opera written in the United States. Since then he has 
written more than a hundred successful comic operas and musi- 
cal comedies. Mr. Smith married Miss Irene Bentley, actress, 
in 1906. 

SOTHERN, Edward Hugh: 

Actor, was born at 79 Bienville street, New Orleans, La., 
December 6, 1859. He was the second son of E. A. Sothern, the 
famous English actor. When he was five years old he was 
taken to England and there educated with a view to his becom- 
ing a painter, his father being opposed to a stage career for 
his son. The buskin was in the blood, however, and in Septem- 
ber, 1879, E. H. Sothern made his first appearance on the boards 
at the Broadway Theatre, New York, playing the part of the 
Cabman in "Sam," and utterly collapsing with fright when he 
met his father on the stage. He next appeared at the Boston 
Museum in small parts, and then played low comedy parts in 
John McCullough's company. After his father's death, in 1881, 
Mr. Sothern went to England, where for a while he toured the 



406 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

provinces with his elder brother, Lytton Sothern. Returning to 
this country in 1883, Mr. Sothern went through a period of 
poverty, little relieved by the production of a farce written by 
him, which was first called "Whose Are They?" and played in 
Baltimore and for two weeks at the Star Theatre, New York, 
and then, under the title of "Domestic Earthquakes," by Harri- 
son and Courley in Boston. Mr. Sothern was next seen in "Nita's 
First" under the management of Charles Frohman, after which 
he supported Estelle Clayton in "Favette." From 1884 to 1886 
he supported Helen Dauvray, playing leading parts in "A Scrap 
of Paper," "Mona," "Met by Chance," "Peg Woffington," "Th<? 
Love Chase," and "One of Our Girls." His first engagement 
with Daniel Frohman was to play Jack Hammerton in "The 
Highest Bidder," a light comedy, by the veteran English farce 
writers John Maddison Morton and Robert Reece, which had 
been found among the effects of Mr. Sothern's father. This was 
produced in the spring of 1887, and the same year Mr. Sotheru 
starred in it, also producing "Editha's Burglar," which made a 
pronounced success. In the season of 1888 "Lord Chumley," 
written for Mr. Sothern by De Mille and Belasco, was produced 
at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, and for many years Mr. 
Sothern was the star of the stock company maintained there by 
Daniel Frohman. The chief productions were "Captain Lettar- 
blair," "The Maister of Woodbarrow," "The Dancing Girl," "The 
Victoria Cross," "The Way to Win a Woman," "Sheridan; or, 
The Maid of Bath," "The Prisoner of Zenda," "An Enemy to 
the King," "Change Alley," "The Lady of Lyons," "The Adven- 
ture of Lady Ursula," "A Colonial Girl," "The King's Mus- 
keteer," and "The Song of the Sword." Mr. Sothern made a 
pronounced success in "The Sunken Bell," an adaptation of 
Hauptmann's German play, produced at the Hollis Street 
Theatre, Boston, Mass., December 22, 1899, and on Sep- 
tember 17, 1900, he made his first appearance in New York as 
Hamlet. He subsequently appeared as Francois Villon in "If I 
Were King," as Robert, -King of Sicily, in "The Proud Prince" 
with Cecilia Loftus at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, 
and in 1904 co-starred with Julia Marlowe in "Romeo and 
Juliet." For two seasons he toured in Shakespearian reper- 
toire, and on October 15, 1906, appeared as the Duke D'Alencon 
in "Jean D'Arc." Later he was seen in "The Sunken Bell," and 
"John the Baptist" with Miss Marlowe. In 1907 he went to 
London, appearing there in repertoire, and the season of 1907-8 
was seen in this country in Lawrence Irving's play, "The Fool 
Hath Said There Is No God," and in "Lord Dundreary." Mr. 
Sothern is the author of the plays "I Love, Thou Lovest, He 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 407 

Loves" and "The Light That Lies in Woman's Eyes." Mr. So- 
thern married Virginia Harned in Philadelphia December 3, 1896. 
His New York address is 37 West Sixty-ninth street. 

SOUSA, John Philip: 

Bandmaster, composer and author, was born in Washing- 
ton, D. C., November 6, 1854, his parents being Antonio and 
Elizabeth Sousa. His mother is still living in Washington at 
the age of eighty-two years. At eleven young Sousa appeared 
in public as violin soloist and at fifteen he was teaching har- 
mony. In 1876 he was one of the first violins in the orchestra 
conducted by Offenbach when the latter visited America. Later 
he conducted for various theatrical and operatic companies, 
among them the "Church Choir Pinafore" company. In 1880 
he was appointed leader of the band of the United States Ma- 
rine Corps, the national band, and served in that capacity un- 
der Presidents Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland and Harrison 
until August 1, 1892, when he resigned, to organize the Sousa 
band which, up to July 1, 1907, had made thirty semi-annual 
tours through the United States and visited Europe four times, 
giving a total of 7,334 concerts in 892 cities and covering 296,275 
miles of travel. As a composer Mr. Sousa originated a march 
style that is recognized the world over, his best known and most 
popular productions in this field including "The Washington 
Post," "Liberty Bell," "Manhattan Beach," "High School Ca- 
dets," "The Stars and Stripes Forever," "The Invincible Eagle," 
"Hail to the Spirit of Liberty," "Hands Across the Sea," "The 
Charlatan," "The Bride-elect," "El Capitan," "King Cotton," 
"Imperial Edward," "Jack Tar," "The Diplomat," "Semper 
Fidelis," and "The Free Lance" marches. He has written a 
number of suites, among them "Three Quotations," "The Last 
Days of Pompeii," "Looking Upward," "At the King's Court," 
and "Sheridan's Ride"; a symphonic poem, "The Chariot Race," 
and many songs and miscellaneous compositions. He wrote the 
scores of the comic operas "The Smugglers," "Desiree," "The 
Queen of Hearts," "El Capitan," "The Charlatan," "Chris and 
the Wonderful Lamp," and "The Free Lance," and the book and 
lyrics for "The Bride-elect." He compiled, under the auspices 
of the Government, "National, Patriotic and Typical Airs of All 
Countries," and has written miscellaneous verses, magazine arti- 
cles and two novels "The Fifth String" and "Pipetown Sandy. " 
He appeared with his band before King Edward and Queen 
Alexandra at Sandringham and at Windsor; the King, on the 
first occasion, bestowing on him the decoration of the Victorian 
Order. He received the Grand Diploma of Honor of the Acad- 



408 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

emy of Hainault, Belgium, and was decorated by the French 
Government with the Palms of the Academy, besides being made 
an officer of Public Instruction. Mr. Sousa is a member of various 
Masonic bodies, the Sons of Veterans, the Gridiron, Republican, 
Salmagundi, The Players, Dramatists' and Baton clubs; also the 
National Geographic Society. He is fond of outdoor sports, be- 
ing an expert rider and huntsman. 

SPARKS, Joseph M. : 

Actor, was born in Hartford, Conn., in 1856. His first stage 
work was as a boy in song and dance at a little variety theatre 
in Hartford, called Newton's Varieties. He had a partner and 
they appeared as the Sparks Brothers. In 1872 they joined a 
real traveling company and opened at Lynn, Mass., with Maffit 
and Bartholomew's pantomime company in "Flick and Flock." 
The next season they went into variety and played in the prin- 
cipal variety houses almost continuously until 1880, when they 
joined Tony Denier for a season with his "Humpty Dumpty" 
company. In 1882 they signed with Harrigan and Hart, and 
Mr. Sparks remained with Harrigan for eight seasons, during 
which term he was sent on the road as star in "Cordelia's Aspi- 
rations," "Dan's Tribulations," and "Squatter Sovereignty." 
Then he accepted an offer from Rich and Harris to join May 
Irwin's company, and later toured with his own company in a 
play called "Mr. O'Reilly," by George Hobart, and afterward was 
with Klaw & Erlanger in "A Little of Everything." The season 
of 1906 he was with Arnold Daly, and the fall season with 
Henry W. Savage's "The Stolen Story" company. The season 
of 1907-8 he played Winfield Scott Carroll in George Ade's com- 
edy "Artie." His home is at Chester Hill, Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

SPENCER, Miss Lucy (Mrs. Charles Sarver) : 

Actress and playwright, was born in Northampton, Mass., 
June 7, 1884. She made her first appearance on the stage play- 
ing a small part in "Mary of Magdala" at the Manhattan Thea- 
tre, New York, with Mrs. Fiske. The following season she 
played the ingenue part in "The Cavalier," and the season of 
1904-5 she played Lady Jane in "Becky Sharp" with Mrs. Fiske. 
She also played Tilda in "The Rose," and Jean Ingomarch in 
"The Proud Laird." She has also played ingenue parts in sev- 
eral summer stock companies and has published four songs. In 
1905 Miss Spencer joined the staff of the New York World, to 
write dramatic reviews and interviews. October 26, 1905, she 
was married to Charles Sarver, then city editor of the World. 
She has since written several one-act plays, including "His Japa- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 409- 

nese Teacher," produced at the Carnegie Lyceum, and "Through 
a Glass Darkly." 

SPENCER, Miss Mabel (Mrs. Eobert Dorman) : 

Actress, was born in Brookline, Mass. After graduating 
from the Emerson School of Oratory, Boston, she joined the 
Castle Square Theatre Company, with which she made her first 
public appearance. She was then seen in a "Florodora" com- 
pany and afterward played the Chicago Girl in "The Prince of 
Pilsen," going with the company to London, England. The fol- 
lowing season she was with the "Woodland" company, leaving 
that to appear in "The Man from Now." She then studied 
music in New York. In July, 1907, Miss Spencer married Rob- 
ert Dorman, of Philadelphia. 

SPONG, Miss Hilda : 

Actress, was born in London May 14, 1875, being the daugh- 
ter of W. B. Spong, a well-known scene painter and artist. Whea 
thirteen years old she was taken to Australia by her parents,, 
and made her first appearance on the stage at the Criterion 
Theatre, Sydney, in "Joseph's Sweetheart" in 1890. Joining the 
Brough-Boucicault company, she played a wide variety of parts 
until she rose to be leading woman of the organization. Re- 
turning to England, Miss Spong made her first appearance in 
London in "The Duchess of Coolgardie" at the Drury Lane 
Theatre in 1896. She also played in "The Kiss of Delilah," and 
"The Two Little Vagrants." She created the part of Imogen 
Parrott in "Trelawney of the Wells" at the Court Theatre, Lon- 
don, in 1898, and the same year made her first appearance in 
this country in the same part, at the Lyceum Theatre, under 
the management of Daniel Frohman. The season of 1898-9 she 
was seen in "Americans at Home," and "An Amateur Rehear- 
sal," and as Mrs. Bulmer in "Wheels Within Wheels." In "The 
Ambassador" Miss Spong played Lady Beauvedere, and at Daly's 
Theatre March 20, 1899, she was successful in the leading part 
in "The Interrupted Honeymoon." At the same theatre, and 
still under Daniel Frohman's management, Miss Spong opened 
the fall season of 1900 in "The Man of Forty," which was fol- 
lowed by "Lady Huntworth's Experiment." Miss Spong was 
first seen as a star in New York, at Weber's Theatre, in the fall 
of 1906, opening as Lady Jemima Wilson in "Lady Jim," a com- 
edy by Harold Heaton, which did not prove a success. This was 
followed by "John Hudson's Wife," by Alicia Ramsay and Ru- 
dolph de Cordova, in which she played Honor. The season of 
1907-8 she went into vaudeville, appearing in William C. De- 



410 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Mille's one-act drama, "Kit." Her home is at Amityville, Long 
Island. 

STAHL. Miss Rose : 

Actress, was born in Montreal, Canada, October 29, 1875, and 
was graduated from the Convent Mont St. Marie, Congregation 
de Notre Dame, Montreal. Her father, Colonel Ernest C. Stahl, 
was a well-known newspaper man of Trenton, N. J., and through 
his influence she obtained an engagement with Charles Froh- 
man, making her first appearance on the stage when she was 
seventeen years old. She then played in stock companies in 
Philadelphia, Columbus, Ohio, and Rochester, N. Y. After star- 
ring for a time as Janice Meredith, she went into vaudeville, 
producing with great success a sketch by James Forbes, called 
"The Chorus Lady." After playing this here and in England, 
the little piece was elaborated into a four-act play which was 
produced at the Savoy Theatre, New York, September 1, 1906. It 
had a successful run at various theatres in New York until June, 
1907, when it was taken to Chicago and repeated its success there 
and on tour. 

STANDING, Guy: 

Actor, was born in England, his father being Herbert 
Standing, the English actor, who is well known in America. 
Guy Standing first attracted attention in New York in 1892, 
when he supported Mrs. Bernard Beere in her American debut, 
made on November 14, 1892, at the Manhattan Theatre in West 
Thirty-fourth street, which afterward became Koster & Bial's 
Music Hall. The season of 1893 he was a member of Loie Ful- 
ler's specialty company. Charles Frohman then engaged him, 
and he went on tour in "Sowing the Wind." In 1896 he sup- 
ported Annie Russell in "Sue," and the following season sup- 
ported Maude Adams in "The Little Minister," and was a mem- 
ber of the Empire Theatre Company, with which he remained 
several seasons. In 1904 he supported Mrs. Patrick Campbell, 
and the following season was seen in "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots,'' 
"Wolfville," and "Madeline." He played Captain Murray in 
"Grierson's Way" at the Princess Theatre, New York, January, 
1906, and was afterward seen as Dr. Morey in "The Duel" at the 
Hudson Theatre. After a stock engagement at Washington, D. C., 
he created the part of John Ashby in "The Love Route" at the 
Lincoln Square Theatre, New York, October 30, 1906. The spring 
of 1907 he played Gino Riccardi in "Comtesse Coquette" at the 
Bijou Theatre, New York, with Mme. Alia Nazimova. On No- 
vember 4, 1907, he was joint star with Theodore Roberts in 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 411 

"The Right of Way" at Wallack's Theatre, New York. Mr. 
Standing's first wife was the late Isabelle Urquhart, from whom 
he was divorced. He then married Miss Blanche Burton. 

STANDING, Herbert: 

Actor, was born in Peckham, near London, November 13, 
1846. He made his first appearance, under the name of Her- 
bert Crellin, at the old Queen's Theatre, Long Acre, London, as 
Langford in "Still Waters Run Deep," the part of Hawkesley 
being played by Charles Wyndham, under whose management 
Mr. Standing in after years made many of his principal suc- 
cesses. A provincial tour was followed by a three years' en- 
gagement at the Princess's. Then he joined the Lyceum com- 
pany in 1871, to create the part of Christian in the production 
by Sir Henry Irving of "The Bells." Later he became a mem- 
ber of the Criterion company, in which he remained for more 
than ten years. Among his best impersonations were Sir Peter 
Wagstaffe in "Pink Dominos," John Penryn in "Truth," and 
Captain MacManus in "Betsy." After this he appeared in a 
number of comedy roles at the West End theatres, and in "A 
Million of Money" at Drury Lane in 1890. For the last decade 
he has been closely associated with the American stage, play- 
ing many important roles. September 10, 1906, he played Mr. 
Galland in "The Dear Unfair Sex," produced at the Liberty 
Theatre, New York. The season of 1907-8 he was seen with 
Arnold Daly at the Berkeley Theatre, New York, in Shaw pro- 
ductions. Mr. Standing is the brother of W. T. Carleton, the 
well-known operatic baritone, and the father of Guy Standing, 
the actor. 

STANFORD, Henry: 

Actor, was born in Ramleh, Egypt, in 1872, where his father 
was advocate for the British Crown. He made his first stage 
appearances with small traveling companies in the provinces 
of England, playing repertoire. Later he played juvenile leads 
in the large towns, and such parts as Wilfred Denver in "The 
Silver King," David Kingsley in "Harbor Lights," Romeo, 
George D'Alroy in "Caste," and Lord Beaufoy in "School." He 
understudied Sir Charles Wyndham at the Criterion Theatre, 
London, in "The Home Secretary," afterward playing Wynd- 
ham's part on tour. In 1897 he went to South Africa, playing 
leading parts in a repertoire of twenty-two London successes 
during a season of twenty-six weeks in Johannesburg. He also 
played in Durban, Port Elizabeth, Maritzburg and Cape Town. 
Returning to London, Mr. Stanford appeared as Dudley Kepple 



412 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

in "One of the Best" at the Princess's Theatre, and was then 
engaged by Sir Henry Irving to play Olivier in "Robespierre," 
opening at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, in Novem- 
ber, 1900. He played Prosper Le Gai in "The Forest Lovers" 
at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, with Bertha Galland, and 
in "Sweet and Twenty" at the Madison Square Theatre. In 
October, 1902, Mr. Stanford married Laura Burt, the actress, 
in New York. Mr. Stanford was re-engaged by Sir Henry Irving 
to play the title role in "Faust" at the Lyceum Theatre, Lon- 
don. He played at Drury Lane Theatre, toured America and 
remained with Sir Henry until his death in October, 1905. Mr. 
Stanford then returned to New York to play Prinzevalle in 
"Monna Vanna" with Bertha Kalich. The season of 1906-7 he 
starred jointly with his wife in "Dorothy Vernon of Haddon 
Hall," and the season of 1907-8 they were seen in "The Walls 
of Jericho." He is a member of The Players, New York. 

STANLEY, Miss Marion: 

Actress, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., and educated there. 
She became well known in amateur theatricals as "Little 
Marion," and made her first professional appearance in "Blue- 
Beard" under David Henderson's management, playing the role 
of Jack, the Giant Killer. At the close of this engagement she 
returned to school, to conclude her studies, and later appeared 
with the Boston Comic Opera Company. For five years she was 
a member of the Amaranth Dramatic Society, of Brooklyn, as 
leading woman, and then joined the James R. Waite company,, 
appearing in "Uncle Terry," "The Minister's Daughter," etc. 
The next two years she was in vaudeville, and subsequently 
appeared in "The English Daisy," "The Isle of Champagne," 
"The Mocking Bird," "El Capitan," "Erminie," "The Telephone 
Girl," and "The Girl from Paris." In 1903 she was seen in 
"The Wizard of Oz," and then joined the "Rogers Brothers in 
Ireland" company. The season of 1907-8 she appeared as Rose 
Gay in "The Rogers Brothers in Panama," produced at the- 
Broadway Theatre, New York, September 2, 1907. 

STARR, Miss Frances: 

Actress, was born at Oneonta, N. Y., June 6, 1886, but 
on the death of her father, while she was a small child, re- 
moved with her mother and two sisters to Albany, where her 
mother still resides. She made her first appearance with an 
Albany stock company, conducted by Frederic Bond, in June, 
1901, with which she played ingenue roles for ten weeks dur- 
ing the summer. The following year went to New York, where- 




FRANCES STARR 



414 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

she became a member of the Murray Hill Stock Company un- 
der Henry V. Donnelly's management. After one season she 
was engaged as ingenue of the company for the next year. The 
following season Miss Starr was a member of the Alcazar 
Stock Company, in San Francisco, under the management of 
Frederick Belasco. Returning to the East, she joined the Cas- 
tle Square Theatre Company of Boston and, on the completion 
of her engagement, became identified with the Proctor Fifth 
Avenue Stock Company, and during the season of 1905-6 ap- 
peared with Charles Richman in "Gallops." Mr. Belasco mean- 
while had been watching her work, and engaged her to play 
the heroine of "The Music Master" with David Warfield. Then 
Mr. Belasco selected her to play the leading role in his new 
play of Spanish-Calif ornian life, "The Rose of the Rancho." 
Under the personal training of the playwright-manager the de- 
velopment of her ability was so rapid that Mr. Belasco pro- 
moted her to stellar honors, and for the seasons of 1906-7-8 she 
continued to be featured in "The Rose of the Rancho." 

STARE, Miss Sylvia (Salmon) : 

Actress, was born in Providence, R. I., September 1, 1879, 
a daughter of Alfred Salmon. She made her first appearance 
in a small part in "The Manderin Zune" in Providence, R. I., 
in 1897. Later she played the principal juvenile part in "The 
Lobster" with Fisher and Carroll. After two seasons in vaude- 
ville Miss Starr made successes as the Widow in Hoyt's "Trip 
to Chinatown." This, and Hattie in "A Stranger in New York," 
she played the seasons of 1903 and 1904. Later she played the 
leading woman's part in "A Son of Rest" with Nat Wills, Lady 
Henry Fairfax in "Diplomacy" with Miss Rose Coghlan, and 
second woman's parts with Byron Douglas in a stock company 
in Toledo, Ohio. The summer of 1906 she played Diana Hicks 
in "Mam'zelle Champagne" on the roof of the Madison Square 
Garden, New York. Since then she has been seen in several 
musical comedies. 

STEGER, Julius: 

Actor and singer, was born in Vienna, and after singing 
operatic roles in Europe he came to this country, making his 
first appearance in 1893, in Philadelphia, in Reginald De Ko- 
ven's "The Algerian," supporting Miss Marie Tempest. The 
following season he was seen with her in "The Fencing Mas- 
ter," and the season of 1895-6 he played the title part in "His 
Excellency" at the Broadway Theatre, New York. The follow- 
ing summer he appeared in "In Gay New York" at the Casino, 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 415 

New York; then was in "Santa Maria," by Oscar Hammer- 
stein, and in "La Falote" at the Casino, New York. He played 
in "The Geisha" at Daly's Theatre in 1897; then was seen in 
"The Lady Slavey," and "Yankee Doodle Dandy." Following 
engagements were with "A Dangerous Maid," "The Man in the 
Moon, Jr."; "Foxy Quiller," and "The Billionaire." After a 
season in "Nancy Brown" with Miss Marie Cahill, Mr. Steger 
supported Lew Fields in "It Happened in Nordland" for two 
seasons. In 1906 he began playing a one-act drama, with music, 
entitled "The Fifth Commandment," in the vaudeville houses, 
and continued with this specialty the season of 1907:8. Mr. 
Steger is a member of The Lambs and The Players, New York. 

STEWART, Grant: 

Actor, was born in England of Scotch ancestry, and was 
brought to this continent when a boy, making his home in Can- 
ada. The first three seasons of his stage career were spent as 
a member of the Rosina Yokes Company, after which he played 
juvenile parts in support of Rose Coghlan. The season of 1895-6 
Mr. Stewart played in "Lost, Twenty-four Hours" with Robert 
Hilliard; in "The House of Cards" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York, and with Mrs. Leslie Carter in "The Heart of Mary- 
land," remaining with her two seasons. He then joined Daniel 
Frohman's Lyceum Theatre Company, remaining with it five 
years. The season of 1902-3 Mr. Stewart played Jingle with 
De Wolf Hopper in "Mr. Pickwick," and for following seasons 
supported Ethel Barrymore in "Cousin Kate," and Annie Rus- 
sell in "Brother Jacques," and "Jennie, the Carrier." In 1905 
he appeared in "In the Bishop's Carriage," after which he was 
with William Collier in "Caught in the Rain," of which he 
was part author. He remained with Mr. Collier the season of 
1907-8. 

STEWART, William G. : 

Baritone singer and actor, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 
1870. His father, N. Coe Stewart, in 1898 was Superintendent of 
Music in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio. William G. 
Stewart made his stage debut in the chorus of the Baker Opera 
Company. His first important role was that of Count Arnheim 
in "The Bohemian Girl." He made his mark in roles in "Ma- 
dame Favart," "Puritana," and "Amorita," in Pauline Hall's 
company, and was also prominent in the cast of Laura Schirmer- 
Mapleson's "Favette" company. For three seasons he played 
small parts in Augustin Daly's company, one season going with 
it to London. After appearing with Camille D'Arville in "Made- 



416 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

leine; or, The Magic Kiss," and "The Daughter of the Revolu- 
tion," he joined the Castle Square Opera Company, becoming in 
time, its general director, as well as principal baritone. Mr. 
Stewart founded the American School of Opera, which resulted 
in the building of the Lyric Theatre. He was the original 
Johnny in "When Johnny Comes Marching Home," and the 
original baritone of "Foxy Quiller." He produced "The Genius," 
starring Harry Woodruff and Edna Goodrich. He played with 
the Stewart Opera Company a season of thirty weeks, 1906-7; 
wrote "Fuss and Feathers," and "Camp Cupid," and founded 
the Stewart Realty Company, 1906. Mr. Stewart married Miss 
Hattye Fox, of St. Louis, an actress and a niece of Miss Delia 
Fox, January 10, 1907. His business address is 1402 Broadway, 
New York. 

STONE, Miss Amelia : 

Actress and singer, was born in Detroit, Mich., December 5, 
1879; was educated in the Detroit public schools. When fifteen 
years old her voice attracted the attention of Colonel Lou Burt, 
at that time Eminent Commander of Detroit Commandery No. 
1, K. T., and he induced her to sing at several musical enter- 
tainments. The result of this was that she was engaged to 
sing at the Masonic Temple Roof Garden. Here she was heard 
by W. H. MacDonald, of the Bostonians, and was engaged for 
the part of Annabel in "Robin Hood." Her next engagement 
was to play Little Billee in a burlesque of "Trilby." While sing- 
ing this part the late Charles H. Hoyt engaged her for his "A 
Trip to Chinatown" company, and she went to Australia with 
the company. She was afterward leading woman in Hoyt's "A 
Stranger in New York" during the New York and London runs 
of that play. She made an impression in London, and was en- 
gaged to play Morgiana in the Drury Lane pantomime of "The 
Forty Thieves." Then she made a vaudeville tour of Europe. 
In 1900 she returned to the operatic stage, playing the Viennese 
dancing girl, Franzi, in "Vienna Life," in which she was suc- 
cessful. More recently she was seen in "The Chinese Honey- 
moon," and "Piff, Paff, Pouf," at the Casino Theatre, New York. 
The spring and summer season of 1907 she played Lady Violet 
in "The Orchid" at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. The 
regular season of 1907-8 she was with Joseph Weber's company. 

STUART, Cosmo (Cosmo Stuart Charles Gordon-Lennox) : 

Actor and playwright, was born October 28, 1868, being the 
son of Lord Alexander Gordon-Lennox. He was educated for 
the stage under Sarah Thome, and made his first London ap- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 417 

pearance in 1896, at the Vaudeville Theatre, in "A Night Out." 
Two years later he appeared in "The Adventure of Lady Ursula" 
at the Duke of York's Theatre, London, and in 1902 in Henry 
A. Jones's "The Princess's Nose" at that playhouse. He is the 
author of "Becky Sharp," in collaboration with R. S. Kitchens, 
in which Marie Tempest originated the title role and which was 
produced at the Prince of Wales's Theatre, London, in 1901; 
"The Marriage of Kitty," and "The Freedom of Suzanne," starred 
in by Miss Tempest, in 1904, at the Criterion Theatre, London, 
and in this country. In 1905 he wrote "The Indecision of Mr. 
Kingsbury," in which he appeared at the Haymarket Theatre, 
London, in December. Mr. Stuart married Miss Marie Tempest, 
the actress, in 1898. 

SULLIVAN, James Francis: 

Actor, was born in Newark, N. J., in 1880. He made his 
debut on the stage at the age of six, appearing at the Academy 
of Music in Brooklyn, N. Y., giving imitations of Harry Kernell, 
Pat Rooney, and the Russell Brothers. Several of these stars 
were on the bill the same evening and commented upon the 
youth's versatility as a mimic. For the past fifteen years Mr. 
Sullivan has devoted his time to eccentric Irish parts, making 
his first Broadway appearance about three years ago, originating 
the part of Bobstay in "The Fisher Maiden" at Hammerstein's. 
He was afterward engaged by George W. Lederer, but sudden ill- 
ness compelled him to cancel this contract. The following sea- 
son he made his first marked success as the Polite German 
Lunatic in "The Belle of New York." He then appeared as the 
Frenchman in "The Prince of Pilsen," and last season was seen 
as the Tramp in the Hurtig & Seamon musical production, "Me, 
Him and I," and later in a vaudeville sketch. 

SULLY, Daniel (Sullivan) : 

Actor, was born in Newport, R. I., November 6, 1855. As a 
boy he became such an expert turner of handsprings that he 
obtained an engagement with Lentz's circus as a tumbler. He 
forsook the sawdust ring for the song and dance act, and toured 
the variety theatres until 1883, toward the latter end of this 
time writing sketches which met with favor. In 1884 he con- 
structed a farce out of the "Peck's Bad Boy" stories; but, owing 
to a disagreement with Mr. Peck, he was compelled to abandon 
it. He then rewrote an old English comedy called "The Chim- 
ney Corner," calling it "The Corner Grocery," and in this he 
starred for the next five years, making of it a most successful 
venture. The comedy "Daddy Nolan," a sequel to "The Corner 



418 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Grocery," was his next production, in 1885, and this was fol- 
lowed by "O'Brien, the Contractor." This he played profitably 
for five years. In 1899 he produced "The Parish Priest." It was 
followed by "The Old Mill Stream," "The Chief Justice," and 
"Our Pastor" in 1904. 

SUMMERS, Miss Madlyn Jane: 

Actress and dancer, was born in New York. She is the 
daughter of Captain James C. Summers, yachting editor of the 
New York Tribune. He was a volunteer officer in the United 
States Navy during the Spanish-American War, and is now an 
officer of the Old Guard, of New York. Her first engagement 
was with Klaw & Erlanger's "Ben Hur" company at the Broad- 
way Theatre, New York, in 1900. She then joined the New 
York Theatre company, dancing in "Broadway to Tokio," "The 
King's Carnival" and other productions for two years. In No- 
vember, 1902, Miss Summers was engaged by Mrs. Robert Os- 
born to appear as one of the six little dancing girls who sup- 
ported Blanche Ring in "Tommy Rot" at Mrs. Osborn's Play- 
house. In the summer of 1903 she was engaged by Oscar Ham- 
merstein to play the part of the little colored toe dancer in a 
piece of his own composition. Weber & Fields then engaged Miss 
Summers for the new production with which they opened their 
music hall in September, 1903. In April, 1905, she was sent to 
Chicago by the manager of the "San Toy" company to fill the 
part of Pansy, which she played both in the West and at Daly's 
Theatre in New York. During the summer of 1905 she played 
the part of Bennie, the newsboy, and sang the cowboy song in 
the show at the roof garden of the New York Theatre. Joining 
Joe Weber's company in the fall, she traveled with them all 
through the South as far as New Orleans, returning to open at 
their music hall on Broadway. She played Grouchy, the small 
cowboy, in "The Squaw Man's Girl of the Golden West." The 
summer of 1906 she was in "Mile. Champagne" on the Madison 
Square Roof Garden, New York, and the season of 1907-8 she 
was seen in "The Parisian Model" with Miss Anna Held. 

SUMMERVILLE, Miss Amelia (Mrs. Max E. Stepan) : 

Actress, was born in Kildare, Ireland, being the daughter 
of Thomas Serby Shaw. Having been taken to Canada when a 
child, she was educated at the public schools in Toronto. She 
made her first appearance on the stage with Holman's English 
Opera Company, in Toronto, when she was only eight years old. 
She was a ballet dancer in "The Black Crook" company for two 
years. When quite young she was married to Frederick Runnels. 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 419 

She obtained a divorce, and some years later she became the 
wife of Max E. Stepan, a singer, known as Max Eugene. Miss 
Summerville made her greatest success as Rosetta, the Merry 
Little Mountain Maid, in "Adonis," and for years she was as- 
sociated with that part. She also attracted much attention as 
Baby Malone in the opera "Brian Boru." She played for a sea- 
son the title role in "Trilby," and has also been seen in "The 
Merry World," "Cumberland, '61," in "Jane," and in "The Cot- 
ton King." The season of 1905-6 Miss Summerville played Mrs. 
Shimmering in "The Earl and the Girl." Her New York ad- 
dress is 108 West Forty-fifth street. 

SUTHERLAND, Mrs. Evelyn Greenleaf: 

Playwright, was born in Cambridge, Mass., September 15, 
1855, being the daughter of James and Rachel Greenleaf Baker. 
She was educated in Boston and at Geneva, Switzerland. She 
is the author of eighteen one-act plays prominent among which 
are "Rohan, the Silent," produced by Alexander Salvini; "Cin- 
derella and the Telephone," by Miss Minnie Dupree, and "A Bit 
of Instruction," by Henry Woodruff. Her more important plays 
are "Fort Frayne," in collaboration with General Charles King 
and Emma Sheridan Fry, produced at the Garrick Theatre, Chi- 
cago, August 30, 1897; "Beaucaire," in collaboration with Booth- 
Tarkington, produced at the Garrick, Philadelphia, October 7, 
1901, by Richard Mansfield; "Joan o' the Shoals," by Miss Hen- 
rietta Crosman, Philadelphia, January 21, 1902; "A Rose of 
Plymouth Town," by Miss Minnie Dupree, New Britain, Conn., 
September 4, 1902; "The Breed of the Treshams," by Martin 
Harvey, Newcastle, England, September 28, 1903; "Boy O'Car- 
roll," by Martin Harvey, Newcastle, England, April 27, 1906; 
"Young Fernald," by Henry Miller, Majestic Theatre, Boston, 
May 28, 1906; "The Lilac Room," by Miss Amelia Bingham, Nor- 
folk, Va., October 29, 1906; "The Road to Yesterday," Garrick 
Theatre, Chicago, November 11, 1906, and "Matt of Merrymount," 
by Fred Terry, Newcastle, England, October 11, 1906. Mrs. 
Sutherland was married to Dr. John Preston Sutherland, now 
dean of Boston University School of Medicine, in 1879. Her 
home is at 302 Beacon street, Boston, Mass. 

STJTRO, Alfred: 

Playwright, was born in London August 7, 1863. He was 
educated at the City of London School and at Brussels. He is 
the author of "Carrots," produced in England by Forbes-Robert- 
son and played in this country by Ethel Barrymore; "The Chili 
Widow," "The Cave of Illusion," "Ella's Apology," "A Game of 



420 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

Chess," "The Gutter of Time," "Mr. Steinmann's Corner," "Wom- 
en in Love" (1902), "Arethusa," "A Lovely Life" (1903), "A 
Marriage Has Been Arranged," "The Walls of Jericho," produced 
at the Garrick Theatre, London, in 1904, and afterward by J. K. 
Hackett in the United States; "A Perfect Lover," produced in 
1905; "The Fascinating Mr. Vanderveldt," produced in New York 
in 1906, and "The Price of Money," produced at the Garrick 
Theatre, New York, in September, 1906, with W .H. Crane in the 
star part. His "John Glayde's Honor" was played by James K. 
Hackett in this country the season of 1907-8. Mr. Sutro has 
translated several of Maeterlinck's books into English. His home 
address is 10 Russell Mansions, Southampton row, W. C., Lon- 
don, England. 

TALIAFERRO, Miss Mabel (Mrs. Frederick W. Thompson) : 

Actress, was born in New York City May 21, 1887, and be- 
gan her stage career when a child, playing with Chauncey Ol- 
cott, James A. Herne and other prominent actors. The season 
of 1889-1900 she was seen as Esther in "The Children of the 
Ghetto," making her first marked success. The season of 1901-2 
she appeared in "The Price of Peace" with Sarah Cowell Le- 
moyne, and in "The Land of Heart's Desire." She resumed her 
studies in Massachusetts for a year, and upon her return to the 
stage appeared, the season of 1902-3, in "An American Invasion" 
with John E. Dodson and Annie Irish. She then was seen with 
Louis Mann in "The Consul," and in "The Little Princess." The 
following year she created the role of Lovey Mary in "Mrs. 
Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch," playing it two and a half years. 
In 1905 she supported Arnold Daly in "You Never Can Tell," 
originating the part of Dolly Clandon, and then went on tour 
in "The Bishop's Carriage." Soon afterward she entered vaude- 
ville, and later toured Australia in "On the Quiet" with Will- 
iam Collier. On November 12, 1906, she appeared in "Pippa 
Passes" at the Majestic Theatre, New York. The season of 
1907-8 she starred in "Polly of the Circus." Miss Taliaferro was 
married to Frederick W. Thompson, manager, October 31, 1906. 
Her home is at 202 West Seventy-ninth street, New York. 

TANGUAY, Miss Eva: 

Actress, was born in Marbleton, Canada, of French-Canadian 
parents, in August, 1878, and was educated in Holyoke, Mass. 
When ten years old she was singing in a church choir and ap- 
peared on "Amateur Nights" at Parson's Hall, Holyoke. Her 
first professional engagement was with E. P. Sullivan, to play 
child parts in the Rose Stahl Repertoire Company. For five 





MABEL TALIAFERRO 



422 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

years she played "Little Lord Fauntleroy," receiving at the same 
time private education on the road. She then played Miss Vir- 
ginia Earle's part in "Merry World," the Prince in Palmer 
Cox's "Brownies," and in A. H. Chamberlin's "My Lady" com- 
pany. When she was only fifteen years old she was starred in 
the Eva Tanguay Comedy Company, then being the youngest 
star on the American stage. She played in "The Hoodoo" at 
the Imperial Music Hall, New York; the part of Phorosia in 
"The Chaperones," and then made her biggest hit starring in 
"My Sambo Girl." The season of 1907-8 she was in vaudeville. 
Her home is in Holyoke, Mass. 

TEMPEST, Miss Marie (Mrs. Cosmo C. Gordon-Lennox) : 

Actress, was born in London July 15, 1862, being the daugh- 
ter of Edwin and Sarah Etherington. She was educated at the 
Convent des Ursulines, Thildonck, Belgium, and studied music 
in Paris and at the Royal Academy of Music, London, where 
she took the silver medal for Italian and the gold medal for 
English singing. While a student there, and still in her 'teens, 
she married a young pianoforte student named Izard. A few 
years afterward Izard obtained a divorce and $50,000 damages 
for the alienation of his wife's affections from the late Henry J. 
Leslie, then lessee and manager of the Lyric Theatre, London. 
Miss Tempest made her first appearance as a prima donna of 
light opera at the Comedy Theatre, London, in "Boccaccio" in 
1880. She afterward played in "The Fay o' Fire" at the Opera 
Comique and in "Frivoli" at the Drury Lane Theatre. In 1884 
she made her first great success as Dorothy in the opera of that 
name by B. C. Stephenson and Alfred Cellier. This was first 
produced at the Gaiety Theatre by George Edwardes, where it 
fell flat. Henry J. Leslie then took a lease of the Lyric Theatre 
and starred Miss Tempest in the part. The result was a record- 
breaking success. ''Doris" and "The Red Hussar" followed. Then 
Mr. Leslie brought Miss Tempest and his entire company to this 
country, where she met with extraordinary personal success and 
he with financial failure. Under the title of the "Dresden China 
Prima Donna" Miss Tempest starred in "Carmen," "Mignon," 
"Manon," "The Fencing Master," "Vogelhandler," and "The Al- 
gerian." In 1895 she returned to England and appeared in "The 
Artist's Model" at Daly's Theatre, London, and in "The Geisha" 
in 1896; "The Greek Slave" in 1898, and "San Toy" in 1889. In 
1900 she forsook the comic opera stage for legitimate comedy, 
appearing as Nell Gwynn in "English Nell"; Becky Sharp and 
in 1903, in "The Marriage of Kitty," an adaptation from the 
French, by Cosmo Charles Gordon-Lennox a son of Lord Alex- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 423 

ander Gordon-Lennox, brother of the Duke of Richmond who 
had become Miss Tempest's second husband. She afterward 
toured this country with her own company in this play. Dur- 
ing the season of 1905-6 she played "The Freedom of Suzanne" 
in London. After that she was seen in vaudeville at the Palace 
Theatre, London. Her home is 2 Portman square, London, W. C. 

TEMPLETON, Miss Fay (Mrs. William Patterson) : 

Comedienne, was born in Savannah, Ga., in 1865, her father, 
the late John Templeton, formerly editor of The Tammany 
Times, New York, being well known as a theatrical manager at 
that time, and her mother, now Mrs. Alf. C. Whelan, of New 
York, a comic opera prima donna, known on the stage as Alice 
Vane. As a child Miss Templeton was cradled in dressing-rooms 
and whenever a baby was needed in the cast she was utilized. 
She was three years old when she made her stage d6but, dressed 
as Cupid, and sang fairy songs, and four years later she made 
her first appearance in New York as Puck in Augustin Daly's 
production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at the Grand 
Opera House. In the four years intervening between those two 
appearances she had played, even starred, throughout the West 
and South in the Templeton Opera Company, managed by her 
father, and in which her mother also acted. From the Grand 
Opera House she went to San Francisco with her father's com- 
pany, and there first began giving imitations and burlesques of 
prominent actors. She returned to New York again, to appear 
at Niblo's Garden, spent half a dozen years in repertoire tours 
through the South and West, and at the age of fifteen had be- 
come a light opera star of national standing. She was the first 
Bettina of "The Mascot" in this country. She succeeded Eliza 
Weathersby as Gabriel in Edward E. Rice's "Evangeline," ap- 
pearing in it at the Fourteenth Street Theatre in New York and 
playing the part for two years. When she was fifteen years old 
and while both were members of her father's company Miss 
Templeton had eloped with "Billy" West, the minstrel, and been 
married to him at Nashville, Tenn. They separated in two months 
and were divorced three years later. Following "Evangeline" 
she appeared in Rice's "Corsair" in New York. She met Howell 
Osborn, a man about town, who was known as "The King of 
Dudes," and went to France with him, where they were married. 
The marriage was kept secret, because Osborn's relatives had 
threatened to disinherit him if he married the actress, and was 
only revealed at Osborn's death in 1895, when he bequeathed 
$100,000 to his wife. It was in 1887, after her marriage to Os- 
born, that Miss Templeton upset the theatrical world of London. 



424 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

She appeared in George Edwardes's production of "Monte Cristo, 
Jr.," and sang a song, "I Like It, I Do." The Lord Chamber- 
lain, England's theatre censor, objected to the song and Miss 
Templeton's costume as improper. Mr. Edwardes discharged 
her, but she fought him in the courts and forced him to let 
her appear without a sash which the Lord Chamberlain had 
stipulated she should wear and sing the interdicted song. After 
a period of absence from the stage, which she spent abroad with 
Osborn, she appeared at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New 
York, in the burlesque "Hendrick Hudson; or, The Discovery of 
Columbus." This proving a failure she again retired from the 
footlights. Her reappearance was in 1893 when she brought out 
"Mme. Favart." It was not until 1895 when Edward E. Rice 
engaged her for "Excelsior Jr.," that she leaped again into popu- 
lar favor. She next joined the Weber & Fields Music Hall Com- 
pany and, devoting herself almost entirely to burlesque, took 
New York by storm. She left the music hall in 1899, to con- 
tinue her success in "The Man in the Moon" and "Broadway to 
Tokio," produced at the New York Theatre, and also in the same 
season played a vaudeville engagement, in which she first pre- 
sented her imitation of Fougere, the Parisian chanteuse. On 
August 1, 1906, after ending her season in successful runs in 
New York and Chicago in George M. Cohan's "Forty-five Minutes 
from Broadwy," Miss Templeton made her third matrimonial 
venture, being married on that date to William Patterson, a wid- 
ower and wealthy manufacturer of elevator and conveying ap- 
paratus, of Pittsburg, at Ridgely Park, Pa. 

TERRY, Edward O'Connor: 

Actor and manager, was born in London, England, March 10, 
1844, and made his first appearance in the farce "The Lottery 
Ticket" in Christchurch, England, August 15, 1863, his salary 
then being three dollars a week. He was in the same company 
with the late Sir Henry Irving when both were getting only five 
dollars a week each. He made his first success at the Strand 
Theatre, London, where for seven years he was principal come- 
dian, and in 1876 he joined the famous Gaiety Theatre Company, 
remaining there as co-star with Nellie Farren for eight years. 
He built his own (Terry's) theatre, London, and opened it with 
"The Churchwarden" in 1887. This was followed by Pinero's 
"Sweet Lavender," which ran there for 670 nights. Since theii 
he has produced many notable successes and toured the world 
as a star with his own company. He visited this country in 
1902, but failed to win appreciation. Mr. Terry has been treas- 
urer of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons, England. He is treas- 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 425 

urer of the Royal General Theatrical Fund of England, and gov- 
ernor and trustee of many charities. His homes are Priory 
Lodge, Barnes, London; and Doll's House, Broadstairs, England, 

TERRY, Miss Ellen Alice (Mrs. James Carew) : 

Actress, was born in Coventry, England, February 27, 1848, 
being the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Terry, well-known 
provincial actors and descendants of old theatrical stock. She 
first appeared on the stage at the age of eight as Mamilius in 
"A Winter's Tale," under Charles Kean, at the Princess's in 
London. Some years later she joined the Bristol company of 
John Chute and acted with Madge Robertson, Henrietta Hodson 
and Kate Bishop. In 1863 she appeared at the Royalty and 
Haymarket theatres, London. In 1864 she married G. F. Watts, 
R.A., the celebrated artist. A divorce followed, and she married 
Charles Kelly Wardell, an actor. In 1867 she reappeared at the 
Queen's Theatre in "A Double Marriage," and in December of 
the same year played Katherine in "Taming of the Shrew," when 
for the first time she acted with Irving. In 1868 she withdrew 
from the stage for seven years, emerging again to play the part 
of Philippa Chester in "The Wandering Heir," by Charles Reed, 
at the Prince of Wales's Theatre. In 1875 she played Portia in 
"The Merchant of Venice" with the Bancrofts, and subsequently 
went with John Hare to the Court Theatre, where she created 
the part of Olivia in "The Vicar of Wakefield," and appeared in 
Lord Lytton's play, "The House of Darnley." She first appeared 
as a member of Henry Irving's company at the Lyceum in 1878 
as Ophelia, and remained with him as leading woman up to- 
1902. Among the parts in which she has achieved fame are 
Desdemona, Portia, Lady Macbeth, Olivia, Beatrice, Marguerite, 
Imogene, Viola, Queen Katherine, Cordelia, Lucy Ashton, Nance 
Oldfield and Madame Sans Gene. She visited the United States 
several times as leading woman for Sir Henry Irving. In 1901 
she appeared at His Majesty's Theatre with Beerbohm Tree in 
"The Merry Wives of Windsor," in which Mrs. Kendal also took 
part, and in J. M. Barrie's "Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire" at the Duke or 
York's Theatre. In 1905 she made an extended provincial tour,, 
and in 1906 she celebrated her stage jubilee, in which all London 
took part. The same year she appeared at the Court Theatre,. 
London, as Lad} Cecily Waynflete in G. Bernard Shaw's "Cap- 
tain Brassbound's Conversion," opening in New York at the 
Empire Theatre in the same play in January, 1907. She also 
played "The Good Hope" and "Nance Oldfield." At Pittsburg, 
Pa., on March 22, 1907, Miss Terry was married to James Carew, 
a young American actor, who had been a member of her com- 



426 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

pany. Her home is Tower Cottage, Winchelsea, Sussex, Eng- 
land. 

TERRY, Fred: 

Actor and manager, was born in London November 8, 1863. 
He is the brother of Kate, Ellen and Marion. He made his first 
appearance at the Haymarket Theatre, in "Money," in 1880. This 
was followed by a series of engagements in prominent London 
companies, including that of the late Sir Henry Irving. In 
partnership with Miss Julia Neilson, whom he married in 1901, 
he became manager of the Haymarket Theatre, London, in 1900, 
opening with "Sweet Nell of Old Drury." Since then he has 
produced numerous successes. He was seen at the New Amster- 
dam Theatre, New York, in the all-star production of "The Two 
Orphans" in 1906. 

TERRY, Miss Kate (Mrs. Arthur Lewis) : 

Actress, was born April 21, 1844, being the elder sister of 
Miss Ellen Terry. She made her first appearance when seven 
years old, as Roban in "The Merry Wives of Windsor" at the 
Princess's Theatre, under the management of Charles Kean. For 
many years she was regarded as the foremost actress on the 
English stage. She made her farewell appearance in London in 
1867, the occasion being made memorable by the greatest ovation 
ever paid an actress. She made one more isolated appearance 
at the Globe Theatre, London, in 1898. She has a daughter, 
Mabel Terry Lewis, on the stage. 

TERRY, Miss Marion: 

Actress, was born in London, England, October 16, 1856, be- 
ing the sister of Kate, Helen and Fred Terry. She made her 
first appearance at the Theatre Royal, Manchester, England, as 
Ophelia in "Hamlet" July 21, 1873, and since then has played 
many leading parts in all the important London theatres, among 
her most successful creations being Dorothy in "Dan'l Druce," 
Galatea in "Pygmalion and Galatea," Zeolide in "The Palace of 
Truth," all at the Haymarket Theatre; Mabel in "Duty," Blanche 
Hayes in "Ours" at the Prince of Wales's, and leading parts in 
many later plays. She played Rosalind and Portia at Stratford- 
on-Avon in 1900, and was the Marguerite in Sir Henry Irving's 
production of "Faust." Her home is at 32 Buckingham Palace 
Mansions, London. 

THEISE, Mortimer M. : 

Manager, was born in Poultney, Vt., August 1, 1866, and was 
educated at the schools in Fort Edward, N. Y. His first attempt 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 427 

at public entertaining was as lecturer with the Engul Clock, pat- 
terned after the famous Strasburg timepiece, which toured the 
country. The following year, although he was but a mere lad, 
he joined the Allegheny Bell Ringers and Vocalists, an organi- 
zation composed of salon entertainers. Then he became inter- 
ested in the Batchelor and Doris Circus, following which engage- 
ment he became associated with Whitmore and Clark's Min- 
strel Troupe, and later with a repertoire company in light opera. 
Wearying of the stage, he became interested in the diamond 
business, remaining in it for four and a half years. In April, 
1896, he began building the Metropolis Theatre, New York, and 
completed it in August, 1898. The following March he sold out 
his interest in the playhouse and opened a vaudeville house in 
Syracuse, N. Y. In 1899 he organized the "Wine, Woman and 
Song" company which, after running on the burlesque circuits 
for six seasons, opened at the New Circle Theatre, New York, 
for a continuous run of a season and a half on October 26, 1906. 
The season of 1907-8 he produced "Across the Pond" and "The 
Two Islands." Mr. Theise is a Mystic Shriner. His permanent 
address is 1402 Broadway, New York. 

THOMAS, Augustus: 

Playwright, was born in St. Louis, Mo., January 9, 1859, be- 
ing the son of Dr. E. B. Thomas. He was educated at the public 
schools. He was a page boy of the Forty-first Congress, and 
afterward, for six years, was a railroad worker. He then became 
a special writer for newspapers in St. Louis, Kansas City and 
New York. At one time he was the editor and proprietor of the 
Kansas City Mirror. While in St. Louis Mr. Thomas, with W. F. 
Dickson, W. G. Smythe, now a theatrical manager, and Edwin 
Smith, the playwright, then a budding actor, organized the Dick- 
son Sketch Club, and for that organization he wrote a one-act 
play from Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's story, "Editha's 
Burglar," in which he acted Bill Lewis, the burglar. Delia Fox 
made her first stage appearance at the same time as Editha. The 
success of this little play determined Mr. Thomas's career. He 
expanded it to four acts, and Maurice Barrymore starred in it 
under the title of "The Burglar." In 1890 Mr. Thomas married 
Lisle Colby, the daughter of John Colby, with whom he had 
studied law, and thenceforth devoted himself to dramatic litera- 
ture. He is the author of "Alabama," "In Mizzoura, " played by 
Nat Goodwin; "Arizona," "Colorado," "Man of the World," "Aft- 
erthoughts," "The Man Upstairs," "The Meddler," "Oliver Gold- 
smith," "On the Quiet." played by William Collier; "A Proper 
Impropriety," "That Overcoat," "The Capitcl," "New Blood," 



428 WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE 

"The Hoosier Doctor," "The Earl of Pawtucket," which brought 
Lawrance D'Orsay into prominence; "The Other Girl," "Mrs. 
Leffingwell's Boots," "The Education of Mr. Pipp," for Digby 
Bell; "De Lancey," played by John Drew; "The Embassy Ball," 
"The Ranger," produced at Wallack's Theatre, September 2, 
1907, and "The Witching Hour," produced at Hackett's Theatre, 
New York, November 18, 1907. He is a member of the Century, 
The Players, The Lambs and the American Dramatists' clubs. 
His home is at New Rochelle, N. Y. 

THOMAS, Miss Dorothy: 

Actress, was born in England and studied for the stage un- 
der William Farren. She made her first appearance with Ben 
Greet's company in 1898, playing a round of leading parts in 
old English comedies. In 1902 she became a member of Beer- 
bohm Tree's company, remaining for three years at the Haymar- 
ket Theatre, during which she played Daisy Dene in "The Man 
Who Was," Honorine in "Trilby," Katrina in "Resurrection,* 1 
etc. She was also understudy for the parts of Miranda in "The 
Tempest, and Hero in "Much Ado About Nothing." Joining Ar- 
thur Bourchier's company, she played Lady Alethea in "The 
Walls of Jericho" and other parts. In April, 1907, Miss Thomas 
appeared in "The Liars" at the Criterion Theatre, London, with 
Sir Charles Wyndham. She came to this country the following 
autumn, creating the leading part of Christobel in Henry Arthur 
Jones's "The Evangelist," produced at the Knickerbocker Thea- 
tre, New York, September 30, 1907. 

THOMPSON, Denman: 

Actor, was born October 15, 1833, in Beechwood, Erie County, 
Pa., and was taken, when a boy of seven, to New Hampshire, be- 
ing reared amid New England surroundings. When he was sev- 
enteen years old Mr. Thompson joined a circus, and for a year 
appeared as an acrobat. He then went into mercantile business 
in Lowell, Mass., in the museum of which town he made his first 
appearance on the regular stage in 1852, playing a small part in 
"The French Spy." The following year he joined a stock com- 
pany in Worcester, Mass. From 1854 to 1868 he was attached 
to a dramatic company in Toronto, also playing brief engage- 
ments in that time at Chicago and making a professional trip 
to London, England. For three years Mr. Thompson abandoned 
the stage and was engaged in business in Toronto; then, in 1871, 
he went into the vaudeville houses, and four years later pro- 
duced a sketch called "Joshua Whitcomb," in which he portrayed 
the peculiarities of the New England farmer, a careful study of 



WHO'S WHO ON THE STAGE . 429 

whom he had made in his early days. This sketch he elaborated 
into a play under the same name and for years toured the coun- 
try with it. From this he evolved "The Old Homestead," re- 
taining in the new play his old character and introducing sev- 
eral other New England types. "The Old Homestead" was first 
produced at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, January 
10, 1887, and immediately leaped into huge success. Mr. Thomp- 
son has starred in this play almost continuously ever since. He 
played it throughout the season of 1907-8. Mr. Thompson is 
also the author of "The Sunshine of Paradise Alley," produced 
in 1896. 

TILLY, Miss Vesta (Mrs. Walter de Freece) : 

Vaudeville singer, was born in Worcester, England, being the 
daughter of the late Harry Ball, a vaudeville comedian. She 
made her first appearance, when only three years old, at Glouces- 
ter, England, and has been continuously before the public ever 
since. At six years of age she was known as "Tiny Tilly, the 
pocket Sims Reeves." She then sang songs in a childish voice, 
dressed in the full evening dress of a man. She has worn male 
attire in her business ever since. She has frequently visited this 
country, where she is popular. In private life Miss Tilly is the 
wife of her manager, Walter de Freece. The season of 1907-8 
she was in vaudeville in England. 

TOWNE, Edward Owings: 

Playwright, was born in Iowa February 19, 1869, and was 
educated at the Iowa Central University. For ten years he prac- 
tised law in Chicago. His first play, "By Wits Outwitted," was 
produced at the Lyceum Theatre, Cleveland, Ohio, in 1891. Since 
then he has written "Other People's Money," produced at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, in 1895, and in which the 
late Hennessy Leroyle starred for ten years, playing the prin- 
cipal part over 4,000 times; "Too Rich to Marry," produced at 
Litt's Theatre, Minneapo