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Full text of "Who's who on the stage; the dramatic reference book and biographical dictionary of the theatre, containing records of the careers of actors, actresses, managers and playwrights of the American stage"

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IT IS HEREBY AGREED, that this book 
from the Library of 30? Caum, 3r., shall not be 
lent to any friend, relative or other enemy without 
written permission by Sntlphe undersigned parties. 



Author and Party of the second part 




JOE DOAKS, Notary 
By Authority of Book and Umbrella Collectors Ass'n, Inc. 



WHO'S WHO 

ON 

THE STAGE 



DRAMATIC REFERENCE 
BOOK and BIOGRAPHICAL 
DICTIONARY OF THE 
THEATRE f[ CONTAIN 
ING RECORDS OF THE 
CAREERS OF ACTORS 
ACTRESSES MANAGERS 
and PLAYWRIGHTS OF 
THE AMERICAN STAGE 



COPYRIGHT, 1906, BY WALTER BROWNE 

WALTER BROWNE & F. A. AUSTIN, EDITORS & PUBLISHERS 

KNICKERBOCKER THEATRE BUILDING, NEW YORK CITY 



preface. 

In issuing our first edition of Who's Wlio On The Stage we 
wish, first of all, to extend our hearty thanks to all those who have 
aided us in our earnest effort to compile a hook which, heing 
accurate, honest and truthful, cannot fail to be valuable as a work 
of reference. To those artists and they are in the majority who 
kindly supplied us with data for their own biographies, thus insur- 
ing absolute accuracy, we are especially thankful. 

The task we set ourselves to accomplish was to present in 
attractive and artistic form biographical sketches of all who have 
attained eminence in connection with the contemporary American 
stage. Our first edition contains biographies, not only of hundreds 
of actors and actresses, including all the stars and many lesser lights, 
but also of managers, playwrights, musical composers, opera singers 
and the most prominent of vaudeville artists. Such a work on such 
an elaborate scale has never before been attempted in this country. 

It is our belief that Who's Who On The Stage will prove 
valuable as a book of reference and be found interesting? not only 
to all connected with the American stage, but to thousands who like 
to know r the histories and careers of those whom otherwise they see 
only in the glamour of the footlights for a few brief hours. The 
playgoer, after enjoying the performance of some footlight favorite, 
may turn to his Who's Who On The Stage and there learn full par- 
ticulars of such actor's or actress's careers, together with such facts 
concerning his or her private life as are matters of public record 
and of general interest. 

In compiling the biographies it has been our endeavor to "nothing 
extenuate nor set down aught in malice." Where the matter has not 
been supplied by the subjects themselves, all the facts set forth have 
been duly authenticated by painstaking research. At the same time 
we do not claim to be infallible, and some errors may have crept into 
our work. We are anxious that our attention be called to these, so 
that they may be corrected in our next issue. Since going to press 
with this issue the advance sale has made it imperative that we publish a 
second edition, which will be ready next year, and which will contain 
hundreds of additional biographies. After that time it is our inten- 
tion to publish Who's Who On The Stage annually, at the close of 
each dramatic season, bringing it strictly up to date each year. 

Xew stars are constantly arising, new successes being achieved, 
and the theatrical ^vorld is full of kaleidoscopic changes; these will 
be noted from year to year in Who's Who On The Stage, so that it 
may become a brief chronicle and abstract of the times. Some, per- 
haps, may make their final exit, and these must sorrowfully be dropped 



from the ranks. Since this edition was put in type, and only three 
days after he himself had revised his biography, destined to become his 
obituary, which appears in this volume, that splendid actor and gentle- 
man George Clarke passed away. 

While we have endeavored in Who's Who On The Stage to pre- 
sent the biographies as nearly as possible in alphabetical order, the ex- 
igencies of page "make-up" so as to present the illustrations in their 
proper places prevented absolute obedience to this rule. All names 
with the same initial, however, will be found together. 

In submitting our work, "with all its imperfections on its head," 
it is not our desire to disarm honest criticism. Indeed, we invite such 
criticism, so that in future issues we may press nearer to the goal for 
which we have aimed, and that is, to publish a full, complete and abso- 
lutely accurate biographical dictionary of the contemporary American 
stage. At the same time, we feel justified in briefly referring to the 
countless and unexpected obstacles which we had to overcome in com- 
piling this book. Not the least of these was the extraordinary apathy 
exhibited by those who we believed would be most interested in our 
project, and the scantily veiled attitude of suspicion and distrust with 
which our honest overtures were greeted. 

We are fully aware that our first edition is incomplete, inasmuch 
as there are hundreds of American actors and actresses, managers, &c., 
who should, by reason of their positions in the profession, be repre- 
sented in the pages of Who's Who On The Stage. At the same time, 
we point to the fact that there is not one of them to whom we did not 
extend a cordial invitation to supply data for biographies for insertion 
in our book, entirely free of cost to them and without the smallest 
obligation to become a purchaser of the work. More than two thousand 
such invitations were sent to actors and actresses of repute throughout 
the country, and these were all accompanied by stamped, addressed 
envelopes for the return of the required matter. 

To more than half this number, second, and in many instances 
third, circulars were sent. Many responded, and thus enabled us to 
publish absolutely complete and accurate biographies of themselves. 
Where this advantage was not afforded us, the biographies were 
carefully compiled from the best and most authentic sources. In 
hundreds of instances typewritten copies of what we proposed to pub- 
lish were sent to the subjects, with requests that they would correct 
and revise them, filling any important omissions. 

Printed proofs of seventy-five per cent of the biographies appear- 
ing in this first edition of Who's Who On The Stage were sent to the 
subjects of those biographies, and nearly all were revised by the actors 
and actresses themselves. We have made every possible effort to en- 
sure accuracy. We have given all who should be in its pages a chance 
to occupy a position in Who's Who On The Stage. While regretting, 
rather than apologizing for, any possible shortcomings, we earnestly 
invite the aid of all interested, so that our next issue may be better 
and more complete. 



Who's Who on The Stage 

AAMS, MISS MAUDE (KISKADDEN), was born in Salt Lake 
City, Xovember 11, 1872. Her father was James Kiskadden. a business 
man. Her mother, a well known actress, Mrs. Annie Adams, the daughter 
of a Utah pioneer who claimed to come from John Quincy Adams stock, 
is still playing. When Maude was born Annie Adams was leading woman at the 
Salt Lake Theatre, which enjoyed the special patronage of Brigham Young. Phil 
Margetts, an Englishman, now the proprietor of a liquor store in Salt Lake City, 
but formerly a popular comedian, claims the distinction of first putting Mis? 
Maude Adams on the stage, or. rather, of carrying her there. The future star was 
just nine months old when a play called "The Lost Child" was being produced at 
the Salt Lake Theatre. She had been taken to the theatre by a nurse. Margetts 
was cast for the father of the lost child. At the last moment he found he was 
expected to fondle a rag doll. While he was lamenting this Mrs. Kiskadden went 
to the wings with Maude in her arms. Margetts snatched the baby from her and 
dashed onto the stage. 

When she was five years old, in 1877, Miss Maude Adams played her first speak- 
ing part, Little Schneider, at the old Bush Theatre, San Francisco, with J. K. 
Emmet in one of his "Fritz" plays. She also played Chrystal in "Chums," by 
David Belasco, who had just risen from call boy to stage manager at the Baldwin 
Theatre. In the cast were James O'Xeill. Lewis Morrison and the late James A. 
Herne. When she was six years old she was sent to school, where she remained 
until she was sixteen. Immediately on leaving school Miss Adams played the part 
of a schoolmistress in Hoyt's "A Midnight Bell," produced at the Madison Square 
Theatre, Xew York, in 1888. She afterward played in "Men and Women" and 
created the part of the crippled girl in "The Lost Paradise," which first attracted 
attention to her. 

In the autumn of 1890 Miss Adams made her first appearance under the Froh- 
rrian management as Evangeline Bender in William Gillette's comedy "All the 
Comforts of Home," as a member of Charles Frohman's first stock company at 
what is now Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre. Xew York. Henry Miller 
headed the cast. 

When John Drew left the Augustin Daly company to become a star under 
Charles Frohman's management Miss Adams was selected as his leading woman, 
and in September, 1892, she appeared with him at Palmer's Theatre, now known 
as Wallace's, in Clyde Fitch's comedy "The Masked Ball," and made a marked 
success in the part of the wife who assumes intoxication. For five years Miss 
Adams was leading woman with John Drew. She made her first appearance as a 
star, under the management of Charles Frohman, as Lady Babbie, in J. M. Barrie's 
"The Little Minister," in Washington. D. ('., September 13, 1898. Her first stellar 
appearance in Xew York was in the same play at the Empire Theatre, Septem- 
ber 27 of the same year. Eobert Edeson played the title part. In 1900 Charles 
Frohman made a special production of "Romeo and Juliet." in which Miss Adams 
starred as Juliet in a successful run in Xew York City and a tour of the principal 
Eastern cities. In 1901 she starred in "L'Aiglon," acting the role originated by 
Sarah Bernhardt. In 1902 she starred in "Quality Street" and in 1903 in "The 



Pretty Sister of Don Jose." After a season's rest she reappeared in 1905 in a 
revival of "The Little Minister" and also in "Hop o' My Thumb." On November 
6, 1905, she opened at the Empire Theatre, New York City, in J. M. Barrie's 
"Peter Pan." This proved one of the most artistic successes of her career and ran 
until June 9. Miss Adams's New York home is No. 23 East 41st street. 



AINGDON, WILLIAM L. (WILLIAM LEPPER), actor, was born 
at Towchester. Northamptonshire, England, in 1862. He was educated at 
a private school and began business as a clerk in a bank. The fascination 
of the footlights caused him to resign when he was nineteen years old and 
join a theatrical stock company to play utility parts, and he made his first ap- 
pearance in Belfast. Ireland, in 1881. For two years he "roughed" it in the Eng- 
lish provinces and then attracted the notice of Wilson Barrett, with whom he played 
juvenile parts in "Lights o' London," "Romany Eye," "The Silver King," etc. In 
1887 he made his first appearance in London at the Princess Theatre, where he 
remained for two years. In December, 1889, he began a long engagement at the 
Adelphi Theatre, creatino- leading heavy roles in "The Silver Falls." "London 
Day by Day," "The English Rose," "The Lost Paradise," "The Fatal Card," "The 
Girl I Left Behind Me," "Flying Colours" and "Captain Kettle." Leaving there 
he went to the Shaftesbury Theatre for the leading part in "Handfast," and after this 
he appeared as Laurent, in the first performance of "Therese Eaquin," and as 
Hailma Eckdal, in "The Wild Duck." After this he played leading roles in 
numerous farcical comedies at the Vaudeville Theatre. In 1898 he joined John 
Hare at the Garrick Theatre, playing Bertie Burnside. in "The Old Jew," and was 
a fine Captain Hawtree, in a revival of "Caste." After playing at His Majesty's 
Theatre with Olga Nethersole in 1900 he starred at the Olympic Theatre as Apollyon, 
in "Pilgrim's Progress," and as Lord Nelson, in a drama by Robert Buchanan. 
He then was seen as Jim the Penman, in a revival of that play, and as Ward Cross, 
in "The Idler," in 1902, He created the part of Lord Jeffries, in "Sweet Nell of 
Old Drury," and was the Professor Moriarty during the long run of "Sherlock 
Holmes," at the Lyceum Theatre. 

He made his first appearance in America in 1903, playing leading parts with 
Amelia Bingham in "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson," "The Climbers" and "A Modern 
Magdalen." Returning to London in 1905, he was seen in support of Mrs. Brown 
Potter at the Savoy Theatre, and afterward as a leading member of Beerbohm Tree's 
company at His Majesty's Theatre. In 1906 he was seen again in New York, play- 
ing in '"Gallops," at the Garrick Theatre. In the fall of 1906 he played Mark 
Tremblett, in Alfred Sutro's "The Price of Money," with W. H. Crane, at the 
same theatre. In May, 1906, Mr. Abingdon married Bijou Fernandez, daughter 
of Mrs. E. L. Fernandez, a New York theatrical agent. He is an expert cricket 
player and fond of rowing. His London address is Savoy Mansions, W. C. He is 
a member of The Lambs, New York. 



t BOTT, MISS BESSIE (PICKENS), prima donna, was born at 
Riverside, New York, in 1878, and is a descendant of the famous Pickens 
family of South Carolina, whose members distinguished themselves in the 
Revolutionary War, in battling for the Confederacy and in the making of 
the New South. Her grandfather was for many years United States Ambassador 
at St. Petersburg. With her sister, Jessie, she was reared in luxury, and the aptitude 
both displayed for vocal and instrumental music was fostered by special education in 

10 




voice culture and banjo and guitar playing. Their father's death, however, left 
them in such straitened circumstances that they were forced to turn to account the 
talent which they had displayed at charity benefits and the drawing room enter- 
tainments of their friends. Going to New York, they obtained a place in the 
chorus of Augustin Daly's "The Foresters" company, at his theatre. They at- 
tracted the attention of Edward E. Rice, and he engaged them for a singing- 
specialty in his production of "1492" at the Garden Theatre, New York, in 
1894. In 1895 the sisters appeared with Mr. Rice's "Little Christopher" company. 
also at the Garden Theatre. They made up as street waifs and sang popular 
ballads to the accompaniment cf their own banjos, guitars and mandolins. Miss 
Bessie Abott, however, aspired to grand opera, and in May. 1897. she went to Paris 
to study. December. 1901, she made her delrat on the operatic stage as Juliet, in 
"Romeo and Juliet." Her success was instantaneous. For several seasons after 
this she was the prima donna at the Grand Opera, Paris. In the winter of 1906 she 
returned to her native land and first appeared with the Xew York Symphony 
Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. Xew York City. After singing at several concerts she 
joined the Metropolitan Opera company. 



A .RONS, ALFRED E., manager and composer, was born in Philadelphia, 
and began his stage work as call boy at Fox's Theatre of Varieties., now 
the Chestnut Street Theatre, in that city. When he was fifteen years old 
he was treasurer of the theatre. When he was sixteen he established a 
dramatic and vaudeville agency at Xo. 806 Walnut street, which was successful from 
the first. His methods attracted the attention of W. C. Gilmore. manager of the 
Grand Central Theatre. Philadelphia, and he was instrumental in getting Mr. 

Aarons to New York, where he began busi- 
ness in the Gilsey Building. Among Mr. 
Aarons's "discoveries'' at this time was 
Bessie Clayton, now Mrs. Julian Mitchell, 
whom he placed with Hoyt's "A Trip to 
Chinatown" company. Soon after this J. M. 
Hill gave Mr. Aarons the management of 
the Standard Theatre, New York, and Albert 
Bial intrusted him with the booking of all 
the big acts at the Koster & Bial Music Hall. 
For a season Mr. Aarons leased Herrmann's 
Theatre and presented vaudeville there. He 
also leased the Bon Ton Theatre, in Jersey 
City, and for a time was manager of Oscar 
Hammerstein's roof garden, over his Man- 
hattan Opera House, in West 34th street, 
New York, which later became the home of 
Koster & Bial. When Hammerstein built 
the Victoria he engaged Mr. Aarons to repre- 
sent him. in Europe, and for two years he engaged such celebrities as Yvette Guil- 
bert, Cleo de M erode and Fregoli for seasons in this country. His success was such 
that his salary rose from $150 a week to $15,600 a year. At about this time Mr. 
Aarons took over the lease of Krause's Music Hall, on West 34th street, and named 
it the Savoy Theatre. It has remained one of New York's first-class play houses 
since that time. He produced the musical play "Mam'zelle 'Awkins," the book of 
which was written by Richard Carle and the music by Mr. Aarons. This was Mr. 




11 




Carle's first libretto. In this play, which met with conspicuous success, Josephine 
Hall was featured. Miss Hall is now Mrs. Aarons. At the zenith of his career 
Mr. Aarons's health broke down, and for about five years he was forced to rest. In 
May, 1906, he took "The Pink Hussar," under the name of "His Honor the Mayor." 
to the New York Theatre and made a successful musical comedy out of what had 
been a failure. Mr. Aarons's office address is No. 1402 Broadway, New York. 



DAMS, MISS SUZANNE (MRS. LEO STERN), prima donna 
soprano, was born at Cambridge, Mass. Her voice gave such promise that 
after studying with Boston and New York teachers she. went, in 1890, to 
Paris, determined to win fame on the grand opera stage. M. Jacques 
Bouhey was her instructor in singing and M. Plugrie trained her in acting. She 
made her debut in January, 1894, at the Grand Opera, Paris, as Juliet in "Borneo 
and Juliet." She remained at the Grand Opera for the next three years, appearing 
as Gilda and Marguerite and in other light soprano roles. In 1879 she sang for, two 
seasons at Nice, where she was heard as Marguerite of Navarre in "Les Huguenots." 
In 1898 she was engaged by Maurice Gran and sang a season at Covent Garden, 
where she appeared as Juliet, Marguerite, Micaela, Eurydice and Donna Elvira with 
much success. She sang at the first state concert of that season at Buckingham 
Palace and with Jean and Edouard de Keszke at a private concert before Queen 
Victoria at Windsor Castle. She returned to her native land with Mr. Grau in 
1899 and sang with his company at the Metropolitan Opera House until he re- 
linquished its management the various roles in which she had achieved success 
abroad. She left the company when Mr. Conried became director and has since 
been singing in grand opera abroad. Miss Adams was married to Leo Stern, an 
English 'cellist, in London, in 1898. 



AE, GEORGE, author and playwright, was born February 9. 1866, at 
Kentland, Ind. He attended the public schools of Indiana and was 
graduated from Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind., in 1887, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. He engaged in newspaper work, first at 
Lafayette and later for ten years (from 1890 to 1900) in Chicago as a special 
writer on "The Daily News" and "The Record" (now "The Record-Herald"). His 
first book, "Artie," a collection of sketches in the Western vernacular, appeared in 
1896, and was followed in the succeeding ten years by several others. From 
1896 to 1898 he was dramatic editor of "The Chicago Record." His first nl" 
was "The Sultan of Sulu," for which the music was written by Alfred G. Wathall, 
of Chicago. It was first produced March 11, 1902, at the Studebaker Theatre, 
Chicago. It ran for twenty-six weeks at Wallack's Theatre, New York City. 
"Peggy from Paris," his second play, also musical, was produced at the Stude- 
baker Theatre. Chicago, January 24, 1903. The music was by William Loraine 
This ran sixteen weeks in Chicago, fifteen in Boston and eleven in New York 
City. "The County Chairman," a political comedy drama in four acts, produced 
by "Henry W. Savage at South Bend. Ind., in September, 1903, followed. This 
proved the most successful of Mr. Ade's plays, and revealed him at his best. After 
a ten weeks' season in Chicago "The County Chairman" was sent to Wallack's 
Theatre, New York City, in November, 1903, where it remained until the following 
October. Since September, 1904, it has been played each season by two companies. 
"The Sho-Gun." a comic opera, with music by Gustav Luders. was Mr. Ade's 
next production. It was produced at Milwaukee in April. 1904. by Henry W. 

12 



Savage. "The College Widow," Mr. Acle's next comedy, was produced at Wash- 
ington, D. C., by Henry W. Savage in September. 1904, and opened a week later 
at the Garden Theatre, Xew York, where it ran thirty-eight weeks. "The Bad 
Samaritan," another comedy, produced at Washington. D. C.. September 5, 1905. 
was withdrawn as a failure. Mr. Ade's last play, "Just Out of College," a three 
act farce, opened at Xew Haven, Conn.. October 1, 1905. 

Mr. Ade is a member of The Lambs. When in Xew York he lives at the Hollanc 
House. His summer home is Haze Id en Farm, Brook. Ind. 

V ALBAUGH r JOHN W., actor and manager, was born in Baltimore, Md.. 
/^ September 30, 1837, being the son of John W. and Elizabeth (Peters) 
^ Alba ugh. He made his first stage appearance February 1, 1855. at the 
Baltimore Museum as Brutus, in "Brutus; or, The Fall of Tarquin." His 
first regular engagement followed, it being at the Holliday Street Theatre, Balti- 
more, under the management of John T. Ford. In 1859 he became leading man 
and manager of the stock company at the Gaiety Theatre, Albany. X. Y. He made 
his first appearance in Xew York City in 1865 in support of Charles Kean at the 
Broadway Theatre. In 1866 he married Miss Mary Mitchell, a sister of Maggie 
Mitchell, the actress, and starred for a season. 

He became manager of the Olympic Theatre. St. Louis, in 1868. and of the 
Trimble Opera House, Albany, in 1870. He was a partner of Ben de Bar in the 
management of the St. Charles Theatre, Xew Orleans, in 1870; manager of the 
Leland Opera House. Albany, 1873-'81, and manager of the Holliday Street 
Theatre. Baltimore, 1878-'91. He was also sole proprietor of the Xew Lyceum, Bal- 
timore, which he built in 1890. %/ In 1878 he played a star engagement under Edgar 
& Fulton in Daly's Theatre, Xew York, appearing as Louis XL Mr. Albaugh 
built in 1895 and for three years managed the Lafayette Square Opera House. 
Washington, D. C., and was sole lessee and manager of Albaugh's Grand Opera 
House, Washington, D. C., from 1884 to 1894. His last appearance on the stage 
was as Shylock, at the Lyceum. Baltimore, in December. 1899. His home is at 
Long Branch, X. J 

/ALBAUGH, JOHN W., JR., actor and manager, was born in Xew York 
f\ City in 1867, being the son of Mary Mitchell and John W. Albaugh. He 

^/ ^ made his first stage appearance in May, 1877, when he was ten years old, 
at the Leland Opera House, Albany, X. Y., his performance consisting 
of a hornpipe, danced between acts. In the same year Mr. Albaugh played child 
roles in "William Tell," "Xick o' the Woods" and "Black-Eyed Susan." He 
then went to school, and after completing his. education at college joined 
Lawrence Barrett's company, with which he remained three seasons. In 1887 
he went to Baltimore and became manager of the Lyceum Theatre. He remained in 
that capacity for nearly thirteen years, for three years conducting a stock company in 
which he was manager, stage manager and leading juvenile. In 1900 he gave up 
the managerial end of the theatre to devote himself entirely to acting. One of his 
most successful roles since then has been as Frank Austin, in "Colorado." He has 
also played such characters as Pierre, in "The Two Orphans," Lord Chumley and 
Little Billee, in "Trilby." In 1888 he married Miss Marie Castner, of Brooklyn. 
N. Y.. a stepdaughter of Andrew Dougherty, the playing card manufacturer. 



13 





MISS VIOLA ALLEN. 

(Photograph by Sarony.) 



A^LEN, MISS VIOLA (MRS. PETER DURYEA), actress, was born 
in Huntsville, Ala., in October, 1809. She inherited her histrionic 
talents from her father, C. Leslie Allen, who, in association with such 
players as Edwin Forrest, E. L. Davenport, Wilkes Booth, Edwin Booth, 
Madam Modjeska and others, has held a prominent place on the American stage 
for over fifty years. Her great-great-grandfather on her father's side. Colonel 
William Burbeck, was a Eevolutionary hero, a personal friend of General Washing- 
ton and at one time commandant of Castle William, in Boston Harbor. Her great- 
grandfather, Major General Henry Burbeck. rendered valuable services during the 
War of 1812. Her mother, Sarah Lyon, is a descendant of Captain George Francis 
Lyon, of the English Navy, who commanded one of the ships sent out by the British 
Government in search of Sir John Franklin. Miss Allen was educated in the 
schools of Boston, at Wyckham Hall, in Toronto, and finally at a fashionable board- 
ing school in New York City. Although it was not the purpose of her parents that 
she should adopt the stage as a profession, she had early been schooled by her father 
in the reading of Shakespearian verse. When she was fifteen years old her 
debut came about unexpectedly. Miss Allen's father was appearing in "Esmeralda," 
with Miss Annie Russell in the title role, at the Madison Square Theatre. Owing 
to illness, Miss Russell left the cast, and William Seymour, the stage manager, sug- 
gested that Miss Viola Allen should be able to fill the role. That his judgment was 
sound was proved at her debut. While appearing as Esmeralda Miss Allen attracted 
the attention of John McCullough, who engaged her for such roles as Virginia, in 
"Virginius"; Desdemona, in "Othello"; Parthenia, in "Ingomar," and Julia, in "The 
Gladiator." Miss Allen's success for one so young excited popular admiration. Her 
next engagement was with Tommaso Salvini, with whom she played most of the 
Shakespearian and other classic heroines, including Desdemona, Cordelia, Juliet and 
the wife in "La Morte Civile." Later she was selected by Lawrence Barrett as the 
most fitting actress for the role of Mildred for his production of Browning's "Blot in 
the 'Scutcheon." Then followed an engagement as leading lady at the Boston Mu- 
seum, where she created the parts in America of Mrs. Errol. in "Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy," and Gertrude Ellingham, in Bronson Howard's "Shenandoah." At this time. 
too, she played in "Sweet Lavender" and in a revival of old comedies and other plays. 
For the joint starring tour of Joseph Jefferson and William Florence in "The 
Rivals" and "The Heir at Law," Miss Allen was engaged for the roles of Lydia 
Languish and Cicely Homespun, appearing with marked success in each role. In 
1892 she appeared with a special company in Bronson Howard's "Aristocracy," and 
the following season became leading lady of the Empire Theatre company, New 
York City, where she was especially successful in "Liberty Hall," "The Mas- 
queraders," "Sowing the Wind," "The Conquerors" and "Under the Red Robe." In 
1898 Miss Allen withdrew from the Empire company to star as Glory Quayle, in 
"The Christian," by Hall Caine, in which she was enormously successful under the 
management of Liebler & Co. This success was paralleled in 1900 by her Dolores, 
in "In the Palace of the King." In 1900 also Miss Allen appeared for a few special 
performances as Julia, in "The Hunchback." Then followed Hall Caine's "The 
Eternal City," in which Miss Allen appeared as Roma. Under the management of 
her brother, C. W. Allen, a series of Shakespearian revivals was projected by Miss 
Allen in 1903, beginning with "Twelfth Night," in which she was seen as Viola, 
and this was followed the next season by an elaborate presentation of "The Winter's 
Tale," in which she assumed the roles of Hermione and Perdita. The series was 
interrupted in 1905 by Clyde Fitch's play "The Toast of the Town." Miss Allen 
was married in Louisville, Ky., on August 16, 1905, to Peter E. C. Duryea, of 
Lexington, Ky., and New York. Her residence is No. 46 West Forty-sixth street. 

15 



A~ LEN, CHARLES LESLIE, actor, was born in Boston, Mass., in 1830. 
His father was Samuel Alfred Allen, who held a government position in 
Washington, D. C.. and Boston, Mass., and his mother Abigail Gates 
Burbeck. As a member of the Aurora Dramatic Club, of Boston, and 
before he was twenty-one, Mr. Allen played many important parts, and as an 
amateur he spoke the last words on the stagj of Old Drury, as the Federal Street 
Theatre, of Boston, was last called, they being at the end of "A Nabob for an Hour," 
in which he enacted Sam Hobbs. This was in May, 1852. at a benefit given for the 
members of the National Theatre company, of Boston. At the age of twenty-one 
Mr. Allen adopted the stage as a profession, naking his first appearance at Troy. 
N. Y., in 1852, as a servant in "Simpson & Co.,'' under the management of George 
C. Howard. His progress was rapid, and he was soon put into second comedy and 

second old men parts. His character deline- 
ations attracted the attention of Edmon S. 
Conner, who engaged him in 1853 for the 
Green Street Theatre, Albany. Here he 
first enacted Bailie Nicol Jarvie, in "Rob 
Roy." After playing such roles as Mon- 
sieur Tourbillon. in "Pet of the Petticoats/' 
with Miss Maggie Mitchell, and Peter, in 
"The Octoroon," with Miss Kimberly, he 
went to the Boston Theatre, where he re- 
mained many years as the principal old man 
and character actor in the stock company, 
supporting Edwin Booth, Forrest, Jefferson 
and the stars' of the 70's and 80's. He. was 
the original Derrick there in "Rip Van 
Winkle," and was the creator of the Judge, 
in "Kit, the Arkansaw Traveller." 

Mr. Allen was in the company of the 
National Theatre, Washington, D. C., in 

the seasons of 1864, 1865 and 1866, being the original Burleigh in Mrs. Lander's 
"Elizabeth," Moneypenny in "The Long Strike," and Old Eccles in "Caste." Here 
he also played Polonius to Edwin Forrest's Hamlet, and Kent, in "King Lear." 

His first pronounced success in New York was as Old Rogers, in "Esmeralda," at 
the Madison Square Theatre, when his daughter, Miss Viola Allen, made her initial 
appearance in the title role. 

Mr. Allen was for four seasons in the support of John Drew, and has also played 
Sir Toby Belch with Modjeska and Miss Marlowe. Of late years he has been promi- 
nent in his daughter's company. 



ADERSON, MISS MARY (MRS. ANTONIO F. DE NAVARRO), 
actress, was born in Sacramento, Cal., July 28, 1859. The following 
spring her parents moved to Louisville. Ky., and her father joined the 
Confederate Army. He died at Mobile, Ala., in 1863, at the age of twenty- 
nine, when Mary was only four years old. Besides the girl, he left one son, Joseph 
Anderson, six years her senior. When Mary was eight years old her mother married 
Dr. Hamilton Griffin, of Louisville, who had been a Confederate Army surgeon. 
The girl was educated at the Ursuline Convent and the Academy of the Presenta- 
tion, at Louisville. Her stepfather, who was a Shakespearian student, fos- 
tered her natural histrionic ambition, and at the age of ten Mary began to react 

16 




Shakespeare. She was taken to see Edwin Booth act, and when only just in her 
teens announced her determination to become an actress. To encourage her talent 
Dr. Griffin let her give recitals at his home and obtained for her instruction from 
Charlotte Cushman. Father Anthony Miller, a Franciscan priest, taught her elo- 
cution, and she had ten lessons from Yandenhoff. the public reader, to fit her for a 
stage career. 

Miss Anderson's first public appearance was as Juliet, at the Louisville Theatre. 
in November, 1875, at a trial matinee. She was then only sixteen years old. but 
her performance attracted much ' attention. In January. 1876, she appeared for 
.1 week at the Louisville Theatre, supported by Macauley's stock company, playing 
Evadne, Juliet and in "The Hunchback/' Engagements with stock companies in 
St. Louis and other cities followed. Then John McCullough gave her leading parts 
in San Francisco and she made a tour of the South under the management of John 
T. Ford, of Baltimore. In the fall of 18T6 she first appeared at the head of her 
own company. 

She made her debut in Xew York on November 12, 18TT, at the Fifth Avenui 
Theatre, and played Parthenia, Juliet, Evadne, Meg Merrilies and Bianca. Shf 
was then eighteen years old. The following year she played another season at thf 
Fifth Avenue, after which she made her first trip to Europe, her chief desire 
being to visit Stratford-on-Avon and Verona. She played Galatea, one of her 
favorite parts, for the first time in Troy, X. Y., September 26, 1881, and the next 
year was at Booth's Theatre, Xew York. 

In 1883 Miss Anderson went abroad, and on September 18 made her first stage 
appearance in England at the Lyceum Theatre, London, as Parthenia. She played 
a continuous season of ten months, and her success, both professionally and socially, 
was unprecedented. She did not again play in her native country until 1888, when 
she produced, in Xovember, "A Winter's Tale," at Palmer's Theatre, Xew York. 
She previously played it one hundred consecutive nights at the Lyceum Theatre. 
London. Miss Anderson suffered a severe illness in March, 1899, and was 
compelled to cancel all her American engagements and disband her company. In 
April she sailed for Europe, being ordered to take a prolonged rest. She then 
abandoned the stage and has resisted every inducement to return. Miss Anderson 
was married to Antonio F. de Xavarro at St. Mary's Chapel, Holly Place, Hemp- 
stead, England, June 17, 1890. She has two sons. Her home is at Court Farm, 
Broadway, Warwickshire, England. 



A GUN, MISS MARGARET, actress, was born in Ottawa. Canada, in 
1876, her father being Speaker of the House of Commons at the time and 
her birth occurring in the Speaker's Chamber of the House of Parliament. 
She was educated in a French convent school, and, having met with suc- 
cess as an amateur reader, when she was seventeen years old, against the wishes of 
her parents, she went to Xew York City and entered Xelson Wheatcroft's Dramatic 
School, being one of the first pupils. Charles Frohman had promised that he would 
engage for the Empire Theatre stock company the four pupils who acquitted them- 
selves most creditably at the public performance of the school, and Miss Anglin 
determined to be cne of the four. Her acting, when the time came, so pleased Mr. 
Frohman that he at once engaged her for the part of Madeline West in "Shenan- 
doah," in which she made her first professional appearance, at the Academy of Music, 
Xew York, in the fall of 1894. After a year on the road Miss Anglin became a 
member of James O'Xeill's company, 1896-'97, playing Ophelia, in "Hamlet"; Vir- 
ginia, in "Yirginius"; Julie de Mortemar, in "Kichelieu," and Mercedes, in "Monte 

17 



Cristo." The following season she played the part of Meg, in "Lord Chumley/' 
with E. H. Sothem, and organized a company for a tour of Lower Canada, playing 
Rosalind, in "As You Like It," and in ''Christopher, Jr.," and "The Mysterious Mr. 
Bugle." In the fall of 1898 Miss Anglin was engaged by Richard Mansfield as his 
leading woman in his production of "Cyrano de Bergerac." Her playing of Roxane 
established her as one of the foremost emotional actresses of the day, and Charles 
Frohman at once engaged her as leading woman of the Empire Theatre stock com- 
pany, New York. In that company the leading roles in "Mrs. Dane's Defence," 
"Brother Officers," "Lady Ursula," "The Liars," "Lord and Lady Algy" and 
Ophelia, in "Hamlet," served to win further laurels for her. For four seasons she 
played in San Francisco with Mr. Miller's stock company. 

The season of 1905-'06 Miss Anglin was starred under the management of the 
Shuberts in a dramatization of Wilkie Collins's "The New Magdalen" called 
"Zira," which ran at the Princess Theatre, Xew York City, from September to the 
middle of January, and in Boston until June. 



A BUCKLE, AIACLYN, actor, was born in Texas in 1867. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Bowie County when he was twenty years old, and 
on account of his minority he had to take an examination in open court, 
which he passed. Finding the practice of law unprofitable, Mr. Arbuckle 
spent his time, while waiting for clients who rarely came, in the study of Shake- 
speare. His first appearance on the stage, however, was in a German dialect part 
with Peter Baker at a Christmas matinee, in Shreveport, La., in 1888. He there 
made his first, and probably his last, conspicuous failure. Mr. Arbuckle then 
played heavy parts with R. D. Mac Lean and Marie Prescott for three seasons, and 
then, accepting an offer from Charles Frohman, appeared in "The Man from 
Mexico" and several other productions. A period with T. Daniel Frawley's stock 
company in San Francisco followed, Mr. Arbuckle making pronounced successes 
as Zouroff, in "Moths" ; Jack Dudley, in "The Ensign," and the title part in "The 
Senator." 

Mr. Arbuckle appeared as a star at the head of his own company in the season 
of 1900-'01 in a dramatization of Molly Elliot SeawelFs story, "The Sprightly 
Romance of Marsac," produced at Washington, D. C., and the same season he 
appeared in "Under Two Flags." When Nat Goodwin produced "The Merchant of 
Venice" in the spring of 1901 Mr. Arbuckle was the Antonio. 



A RDEN, EDWIN HUNTER PENDLETON, actor and playwright, was 
/^ born in St. Louis, Mo., on February 13, 1864. He was educated in the pub- 
_/ %. lie schools there until he was sixteen years old, when, stirred by a longing for 
adventure, he went to the West. He found the excitement he sought, for he 
was by turns cowboy, clerk, politician, newspaper reporter and theatrical manager. 
The last venture struck a responsive chord, and the footlights soon lured him from 
the box office. His first appearance as an actor was made in Chicago in 1882 in a 
minor part with the Thomas W. Keene company. He played in stock until 1885, 
part of the time with the Boston Museum company, and with the Madison Square 
Theatre company, New York. While acting he had tried his hand at play writing, 
and in 1886 he began starring in melodramas of which he was the part or sole 
author. "Eagle's Nest," "Barred Out" and "Raglan's Way" were among the most 
successful of these. In 1895 he was a member of William H. Crane's company, 
and in 1896 he created the part of Mason Hix, in "The Governor of Kentucky." 

18 



He played Oliver West, in the original production of "Because She Loved Him 
So," on October 28, 1898, at New Haven, Conn., and in August, 1899, returned 
to starring in Rochester, X. Y., in a melodrama called "Zorah." His next im- 
portant engagement was with Maude Adams in Charles Frohman's production of 
"L'Aiglon," in which he played Metternich and won the commendation of the critics. 
On June 24, 1906, he opened as a star at Power's Theatre, Chicago, in the drama, 
"Told in the Hills," then produced for the first time, which proved a success. He 
is a member of The Lambs, New York. 



ATER, MISS LOTTIE, actress, the daughter of Frederick Pernal Alter, 
was born in La Crosse, Wis. She was educated at St. Mary's Institute, 
Milwaukee, and afterward studied at the Chicago Conservatory. She 
made her first appearance in a juvenile opera company at Langham's 
Opera House, Englewood, 111., April, 1886, playing Yum- Yum, in "The Mikado," 
to the Nanki-Poo of Miss Virginia Earle. Her expressed determination to follow a 
stage career caused her parents, who did not look upon the idea with favor, to send 
her to a convent for another year. While at the Chicago Conservatory Miss Alter 
had appeared as an "extra lady" in many of the Booth, Barrett, Modjeska and 
Robson and Crane productions, and on leaving the convent, in 1888, she obtained 
her first professional engagement, appearing with Miss Vernona Jarbeau iu "Star- 
light" on August 18, 1888, in Minneapolis. The next two years she played Jennie 

Wilson, the waif, in "Lost in New York," 
under the management of Miles & Barton. 
Beginning October 22, 1891. Miss Alter 
played Savilla, in Klaw & Erlanger's first 
production of "The Country Circus," at the 
Academy of Music, New York City, and 
remained with the organization two years. 
In 1903 she played Wilbur's Ann at the 
Schiller Theatre, ' Chicago, in "The Girl I 
Left Behind Me." Then with Charles Froh- 
man's Empire company she played in "Poor 
Girls" and "The Rival Candidates." For 
two years, 1895-'96, Miss Alter was leading 
lady with the late Joseph Jefferson, playing 
Dot, in "The Cricket on the Hearth," and 
Meenie, in "Rip Van Winkle." She was also 
the Flora Campbell in the first production of 
"The Bonnie Brier Bush" in Chicago. Miss 
Alter has also played in "Red, White and 

Blue" under the Savage management, and with Rose Coghlan in a vaudeville sketch. 
She was leading woman with the late Roland Reed for two seasons. Other engage- 
ments were in "Hearts Are Trumps," "To Have and to Hold," a year with Miss 
Henrietta Crosman as Mollie, in "Mistress Nell," and Audrey, in "As You Like It/' 
at the Belasco Theatre, New York City, in February, 1902. Then followed two 
seasons with Ezra Kendall in "The Vinegar Buyer." In the spring of 1906 she 
played Ella Delahay in the revival of "Charley's Aunt" at the Manhattan Theatre, 
New York. 

Miss Alter's home is at No. 257 West End avenue, New York City. 




19 




RMSTRONG, SYDNEY (MRS. \Y. G. SMYTH), actress, was born 
in Memphis, Tenn., where her father, A. T. Wells, hefore the Civil War, 
was one of the leading dry goods merchants of the South. He lost his 
wealth in that struggle and went West, where he amassed another fortune 
only to lose it. His daughter had heen so successful in amateur theatricals that 
when it became necessary for her to provide for herself she turned to the stage. She 
began at the bottom of the ladder in a stock company in Illinois, her first part 
being Esther Eccles, in "Caste." Her next engagement was with the stock com- 
pany at the Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, where she played roles that ranged 
from Lady Gay Spanker to Iphigenia. At this time she attracted the attention of 
Dion Boucicault, who engaged her to play Arte O'Neil in "The Shaughraun." This 
was followed by her appearance in dual roles in "Hoodman Blind," and the leading 
roles in "The Still Alarm" and "The Burglar." She then joined Charles Frohman's 
forces and became the leading lady in his stock company, playing the leading roles 
in "Men and Women" and "The Girl I Left Behind Me." In 1893 she became the 
leading lady of the Empire Theatre stock company, where one of her chief suc- 
cesses was the leading role in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." On April 19, 1897, 
she was married to W. G. Smyth, then manager of the William Collier and other 
companies. After her marriage she retired from the stage. Her home is No. 240 
West 49th street, Xew York City. 



ATHUR, MISS JULIA (MRS. BENJAMIN P. CHENEY, JR.), 
actress, was born in Hamilton. Ontario, Canada, May 3, 1809, and was 
christened Ida Lewis. Her father was Thomas J. Lewis. Her mother 
was an accomplished Shakespearian reader, and Ida Lewis, at the age ol 
eleven, played Zamora, in "The Honeymoon," in private theatricals at her father's 
home. She made her first professional appearance, under the name of Julia Arthur, 
in 1881, with the Daniel Bandmann Shakespeare repertoire company, and a year 
later, when only thirteen years old, she was a leading woman, playing Juliet. 
Portia, Ophelia, and Lady Anne, in "Richard III." After three years' hard work 
with the Bandmann company Miss Arthur went to Germany for a year's study. 
Then she joined a repertoire company in California and played leading parts in 
"Jim the Penman," "Captain Swift," "The Colleen Bawn," "Arrah-na-Pogue," "The 
Silver King," "Uncle Tom's Cabin," "The Still Alarm," "Peril." "Divorce" and "The 
Private Secretary." 

Miss Arthur made her first marked success as the Queen, in "The Black Masque," 
in New York in February, 1892. The opening night made her famous, and a few 
weeks later she was engaged as leading woman with A. M. Palmer's stock company, 
remaining with the organization for one year and playing Jeanne, in "The Broken 
Seal" ; Letty Fletcher, in "Saints and Sinners" ; Lady Windermere, in "Lady Wind- 
dermere's Fan," and acting in "Mercedes," a short play by Thomas Bailey Aldrich. 
In 1893 Miss Arthur became a member of the late Sir Henry Irving's company 
as leading woman next to Miss Ellen Terry, and at the Lyceum Theatre, London, she 
played Elaine, in "King Arthur"; Sophia, in "Olivia"; Rosamond, in "Becket," and 
Imogene, in "Cymbeline." which was called her best role. She returned to America 
with the Irving company in 1896, but organized her own company on October 14 
of that year and produced a dramatization of Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's novel, 
"A Lady of Quality," taking the part of Clorinda Williams. She appeared as Par- 
thenia, in her own production of "Ingomar," October 2, 1898, and produced "As 
You Like It" at Wallack's Theatre, New York, on November 28 of the same year. 
Miss Arthur was married to Mr. Cheney in February, 1898. 

20 




A" ONSON,. RUDOLPH, manager and composer, began his theatrical career 
as manager of the Metropolitan Concert Hall, New York, which was on 
the site of the present Broadway Theatre. After successfully catering to 
the amusement loving public there for several years, he originated and 
built the Casino Theatre, 39th street and Broadway, New York, and became its 
first manager. It was this enterprise which brought him prominently to the atten- 
tion of the public and the theatrical world as a manager and producer of musical 

entertainments. On this theatre he operated 
the first roof garden in America, and he may 
justly be regarded as the originator of that 
popular summer institution in this country. 
Under Mr. Aronson's management the Ca- 
sino became the recognized home of light and 
comic opera in New York and the incubator 
of such entertainments in America. It was 
there, under his management, that the first 
Air.oriean production of "Eriuinie" was 
made and the record run for such entertain- 
ments established. Under Mr. Aronson's 
management such stars as Lillian Russell, 
Francis Wilson, De Wolf Hopper and Jeffer- 
son de Angelis first attained popularity. 

Mr. Aronson has composed many popular 
songs and more than one hundred and fifty 
pieces for the orchestra. Of late years he 
has spent much of his time in Europe, en- 
gaged in booking musical stars for this country. His home is No. 227 Riverside 
and proprietor of the Hotel Metropole, New York, on September 30, 1906. 

ASHLEY, MISS MINNIE (MRS. WILLIAM ASTOR CHANLER), 

/% singer and dancer, was born in Fall River, Mass.. in 1875. the name 
/~^_ of her parents being Whitehead. Her father and mother separated, 
and her mother, going to Boston, took her daughter with her. There 
Mrs. Whitehead became Mrs. Ashley, and her daughter took the same name. While 
she was a Boston schoolgirl Miss Ashley made her first public appearance as an 
entertainer at a Washington's Birthday children's festival in the old Music Hall. 
She became solo dancer at these festivals, which were yearly affairs, and was taken 
in hand by a teacher of dancing, who was attracted by her natural grace and 
ability. With this teacher Miss Ashley danced for the entertainment of guests at 
summer resorts in the White Mountains until she decided to become a professional 
stage dancer. Her first engagement was in Boston, in 1894, in the chorus of 
Edward E. Rice's production of "1492." In 1895 she made her first Broadway 
appearance in Rice's production of "Little Christopher," still being in the chorus. 
In 1896, while in the chorus, she understudied the part of Miss Edna Wallace 
Hopper in "El Capitan." Her first engagement outside the chorus was in a musical 
comedy, "The Chorus Girl," in 1898. Her personal success in this was so marked 
that she was engaged in 1899 by J. C. Duff to play Mollie Seamore, in "The Geisha," 
and Dolly Wemyss, in "The Circus Girl." In 1899 she played Gwendolyn, in 
"Prince Pro Tern.," and in the same year captured New York City in the role of 
Iris, in "The Greek Slave." In following seasons she still further advanced in art 
and in popularity in New York City in roles in "San Toy" and "The Country Girl," 

21 



produced at Daly's Theatre. In 1901 she was married to William Sheldon, a step- 
brother of Walter Jones, the comedian. In 1903 she obtained a divorce from him, 
and on December 3 of that year was married to William Astor Chanler, a great* 
grandson of John Jacob Astor, African explorer, ex-Congressman and veteran of 
the Spanish-American War. After her marriage she retired from the stage. In 
September, 1904, a son was born to her. 



^ ASHWELL, MISS LENA (MRS. ARTHUR PLAYFAIR), actress, 
/^ was born in 1872. She was the daughter of Captain Pocock, of the British 
^ Navy, who afterward became a Church of England clergyman. Miss 
Ashwell was educated in Toronto, and studied music in Switzerland and 
at the Royal Academy of Music, London. When she was eighteen years old her 
elocutionary efforts attracted the attention of Ellen Terry, who advised the girl 
to abandon vocalism for the study of dramatic art. Having married Arthur Play- 
fair, an actor, Miss Ashwell made her first appearance on the professional stage at 
the Grand Theatre, Islington, London, in 1891, playing a small part in "The 
Pharisee." She then appeared with George Alexander, in "Lady Windermere's 
Fan," and afterward with the late Arthur Dacre and Amy Roselle, in "Man 
and Woman." In 1903 Miss Ashwell played Elaine, in "King Arthur," with Sir 
Henry Irving, at the Lyceum Theatre, London, and three years later she played in 
"Richard III." In 1899 she was with Wilson Barrett, in "Man and His Makers," 
and in "Wheels Within Wheels," at the Court Theatre. Miss Ashwell created 
the title part in Henry Arthur Jones's "Mrs. Dane's Defence," in 1900, and 
she was leading woman with Sir Henry Irving, at Drury Lane, when he produced 
"Dante." Her performance in "The Resurrection," by Tolstoi, at Her Majesty's 
Theatre, London, in the part played in this country by Miss Blanche Walsh, led to 
her recognition as one of the greatest of English actresses. Her more recent suc- 
cesses have been in "The Darling of the Gods," "Leah Kleschna," which she played 
at Wyndham's Theatre, London, throughout the season of 1904-'05, and "The 
Shulamite," 1905-'06. 

Miss Ashwell's London address is No. 4 Portman Mansions, Gloucester Place, W. 



AGELES, MISS AIMEE (MRS. GEORGE CONSIDINE), actress 
and dancer, is the daughter of Alexander Zanfretta, once a well known 
circus clown. When merely a child Miss Angeles made her first stage 
appearance with the companies managed by the late Charles Hoyt and 
playing his comedies. She was a clever dancer, and principally did dancing special- 
ties. She then became prominent in musical comedies, making conspicuous suc- 
cesses in a dance with James T. Powers, in "A Runaway Girl," at Daly's Theatre, 
New York ; in "The Man from China." and in "The Rollicking Girl." She was 
also in Joseph Weber's company for a season. 

Miss Angeles became the wife of George Considine, a well known sporting man 
and proprietor of the Hotel Metropole, New York, September 30, 1906. 



22 



BANGS, JOHN KENDRICK, author and playwright, was born in 
Yonkers, X 1 . Y., May 27, 1862, being the son of Francis X. Bangn. He was 
graduated from Columbia College in 1883, and for a year studied law. when 
he became the editor of "Life."' which position he held until 1888. His first 
book, "Roger Camberden," was published in 1886, since which he has written many 
well known humorous books and short stories. Mr. Bangs edited "Harper's Weeklv' 
from 1898 to 1900, and "The Metropolitan Magazine'' from 1902 to 1903. He then 
edited "Puck" until May, 1905. His produced plays are "The Worsted Man,'' 1905 ; 
"Lady Teazle," a musical version of. "The School for Scandal," in which Miss Lillian 
Russell starred in 1905, and "Tomorrowland," a futurity extravaganza, produced 
in Washington early in 1906. and afterward played for a run in Boston under the 
title of "The Man from Xow." Mr. Bangs's home is in Yonkers, X. Y. 



BARNABEE, HENRY CLAY, comic opera comedian, was born at Ports- 
mouth, X. H.. on Xovember 14. 1833. His father. Willis Barnabee, was 
proprietor of the leading hotel of Portsmouth. Henry Clay Barnabee 
began his career as a clerk in a dry goods store in that town, and the only 
way he was able to gratify his longing for a musical career was by singing in the 
village church choir. At an early age he went to Boston to engage in the dry 
goods business, and there he became a member of the Unity Church Quartet. 
He continued his musical training by concert work and at entertainments of the 
Mercantile Library Association, an organization in which many prominent actors 
and entertainers received their early training. His work with this association (he 
was a member of its amusement committee) became so marked that there was a 
large demand for his services outside the city, and he soon attained such promi- 
nence that he devoted considerable time to concert and monologue performances 
in the larger cities of the Eastern States, although still maintaining his commer- 
cial connections. A serious illness during the Civil War prevented him from con- 
tinuing in business, and in 1865 he became a professional entertainer. He made 
his debut with "Patchwork: or. An Evening with Barnabee," a monologue, which 
he gave in a tour through the Xorthern States and Canada. A year later he made 
his first appearance on the legitimate stage at a benefit performance at the Boston 
Museum, playing Toby Twinkle, in "All That Glitters Is Xot Gold"; Cox. in "Box 
and Cox," and singing the well known song "Simon the Cellarer." Thereafter he 
appeared at the Boston Theatre in such parts as Aminidab Sleek, in "The Serious 
Family," and Henry Dove, in "Married Life," and sang in the operettas "The 
Two Cadis" and "Sir Marmaduke." In 1870 he organized a concert company 
and toured Xew England and the Middle and Western States. In 1879 he became 
a member of the Boston Ideal Opera Company, then just formed, and became one 
of the star performers of that famous organization. In that company he appeared 
as Sir Joseph Porter, in "Pinafore"; Pasha, in "Fatinitza" ; John Wellington 
Wells, in "The Sorcerer"; Lambertuccio, in "Boccaccio"; Florestan, in "The 
Bohemian Girl"; Baillie, in "The Chimes of Xormandy"; the Duke, in "Oli- 
vette"; Abbe Bridaine, in "The Musketeers"; Lord Allcash, in "Fra Diavolo" ; 
Bunthorne, in "Patience"; the Major General, in "The Pirates of Penzance"; 
Bolero, in "Girofle-Girofla" ; King Bobeche, in "Bluebeard": Don Japhet, in 
"Giralda" : Prince Lorenzo, in "Mascot" ; the Marquis, in "Fanchonette," and 
Bruno, in "The Daughter of the Regiment." In 1888 the Boston Ideal Opera 
Company was dissolved, and the more famous Bostonians were organized. Mr. 
Barnabee being one of the chief promoters. It was as one of the stars of this 
company that Mr. Barnabee came to be known the country wide as the dean of 

23 



light opera singers and comedians uf the American otage. His uest known and 
most popular creation with this company was the Sheriff of Nottingham, in "Robin 
Hood," De Koven's opera. Other parts he played while the Bostonians were in 
existence were Marcassou, in "The Poachers"; Lurcher, in "Dorothy"; Don, in 
"Don Pasquale"; Don Quixote, in "Don Quixote"; Chrysos, in "Pygmalion and 
Galatea"; the Governor, in "The Knickerbockers"; the Professor, in "The Ogalai- 
ias" ; the Elder, in "The Maid of Plymouth"; La Fontaine, in "Prince Ananias"; 
Ezra Stebbins, in "In Mexico"; the Duke, in "The Serenade," and Rip, in "Rip 
Van Winkle." In 1859 he married Miss Clara Warner, daughter of Major Daniel 
George Warner, of Warner, N. H. He is one of the original members of the Apollo 
Club, of Boston, and is also a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery of 
Boston. In 1905 the Bostonians, which for several years had been going down- 
hill, broke up as a company. Since then Mr. Barnabee has done little on the 
stage save for a few vaudeville performances. 



BARNES, J. H., actor, was born in England, and made his first appearance 
with Sir Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, London, in a small part in 
"The Bells." He filled many provincial engagements until 1874, when 
he came to the United States with Adelaide Xeilson as leading man of her 
company. In 1883 he reappeared at the Lyceum, in London, with Mary Anderson, 
playing leading man in "Ingomar" and in all her repertoire. He also accompanied 
her on her tour of the United States. He was with the Kendals in 1886 and with 
Grace Hawthorne in 1887. In recent years he played with Sir Henry Irving at 
the London Lyceum, and accompanied him to the United States on his tours. 
In 1905 he came to this country under engagement to Charles Frohman. The fall 
season of 1906 he was in the cast of "The Hypocrites," by Henry Arthur Jones, 
produced at the Hudson Theatre, Xew York. He has written a quantity of verse, 
including a serious poem, "The Mission of Judas," and a lament on the death of 
Queen Victoria. 



BARRYMORE, MISS ETHEL, actress, on both her father's and mother's 
side is descended from families whose names are noted on the stages of two 
continent 1 *. The daughter of the late Maurice Barrymore and Georgina 
Drew, the niece of John Drew and the sister of John and Lionel Barry- 
more, she was born twenty-five years ago. Her father and mother being among 
the most gifted actors of their day, it was to be expected that their children would 
feel the call of the buskin. The first recorded appearance on the stage of Miss 
Ethel Barrymore was at the Empire Theatre, on September 23, 1895, when she 
played the role of Katherine in Henry Guy Carleton's comedy "That Independent 
Young Person," Miss Maude Adams and John Drew also being in the cast. The 
following year Miss Barrymore became a member of the Empire Theatre stock 
company, her uncle, John Drew, being its leading man. Her first role in this com- 
pany was that of the serving maid in "Rosemary." Following this she played 
Priscilla, in "Secret Service," going to London with the company and meeting with 
such favor that she soon became as well known at the receptions in society drawing 
rooms as she was on the stage. In the fall of 1897 she was engaged by Sir Henry 
Irving and played several important roles in his productions, her work in "Peter 
the Great" calling forth especial commendation. At this time her engagement 
was announced to Gerald Du Maurier, the son of the author of "Trilby," Avho had 
played in the American tour of Beerhohm Tree's company in 1896. This engnge- 

24 



ment, however, like a previously rumored one to Laurence Irving, the son of Sir 
Henry Irving, proved to be without foundation. In 1900 she returned to the 
management of Charles Frohman and became a star, her first appearance as such 
being in "Captain Jinks." Her success in this stamped her as a worthy successor 
to the honors of her mother, and her accomplishments, aside from those displayed 
on the stage, opened to her the doors of the homes of many of the best known New 
York City families, where she was received as a social equal. "Captain Jinks'' 
was followed by "Cousin Kate," at the Hudson Theatre. New York, in which 
Miss Barrymore made another personal triumph. At the beginning of the season 
of 1905 she appeared in "Sunday," which had a short run. In May Charles Froh- 
man made a special production of Ibsen's "A Doll's House" for her at the Lyceum 
Theatre, New York, she playing the role of Nora. In Deecember following she- 
opened for a short run in J. M. Barrio's "Alice Sit-by-the-Fire," at the Criterion 
Theatre, New Y r ork. 



BAKKIE, JAMES MATTHEW, author and playwright, was born at 
Kirriemuir, Scotland, in 1860 and educated at Dumfries and Edinburgh 
University. He had already made his mark as a novelist when his first 
* * 

play, "Walker, London," was produced at Toole's Theatre. London, in 1890. 
The following yeai he married Miss Mary Ansell, an actress, who was appearing in 
his play. Mr. Barrie's fame as a playwright rests largely on his adaptations of his 
own novels. Among his most prominent successes, all of which have found favor in 
this country, are "The Professor's Love Story," written for E. S. Willard, and pro- 
duced in 1895; "The Little Minister," produced in 1897, in which Miss Maude 
Adams starred; "Quality Street," in which she starred in 1902; "The Admirable 
Crichton," presented here by William Gillette ; "Little Mary" and "Peter Pan," pro- 
duced in London in 1904, with Miss Nina Boucicault in the title role, and in which 
Miss Adams starred here last season. His latest plays are "Pantaloon" and "Alice 
Sit-by-the-Fire." both played by Miss Ethel Barrymore in this country hast season. 
Mr. Barrie's principal recreation is playing cricket. 



BATES, MISS BLANCHE (MRS. MILTON F. I) AVI* I, actress. 
was born in Portland, Ore., in 1873. Her father and mother. Mr. and Mrs. 
F. M. Bates, were well known as actors in the West and in Australia, her 
father being manager of the Oro Fino Theatre, in Portland, at the time 
of her birth. When she was three years old the family moved to San Francisco, 
where she was educated. Miss Bates made her first appearance on the stage at a 
benefit for L. R. Stockwell, manager of Stockwell's Theatre, later known as the 
Columbia, in San Francisco, in 1894, in a one act play by Brander Matthews called 
"This Picture and That." 

She next played general utility parts in the company of T. Dan ; el Frwley, at a 
salary of about $20 a week. Going with him to Xew York, they were engaged by 
James Neill for the Giffm and Neill company,- then playing in Denver, Salt Lake 
City and Portland. Miss Bates's salary was $35 a week. Mr. Frawley becoming 
proprietor of the company, Miss Bates was advanced first to leading woman and 
afterward to joint star, making her first marked success in 1895 as Mrs. Hillary, in 
"The Senator." She played the leading comedy parts in "The Railroad of Love," 
"Nancy and Co.," "The Last Word," "The International Match," "The Transit of 
Leo," "Sweet Lavender" and "Captain Swift." As Phyllis, in "The Charity Ball," 
she proved herself an able emotional actress, and after playing in "The Wife," "In 

25 



Spite of All," "The Dancing Girl" and "An Enemy of the King," she won a 
success as Nora, in Ibsen's "A Doll's House." 

Miss Bates was first engaged by Augustin Daly in 1898, and played Shake- 
spearian parts with his company. After another short starring tour with Frawley 
she created the part of the Countess Mirtza, in "The Great Ruby," at Daly's 
Theatre, New York, but resigned from the company after playing the part only 
twice. Her withdrawal caused much newspaper comment. Her acting in this, 
however, obtained for her an engagement to play Miladi in Liebler & Co.'s pro- 
duction of "The Musketeers," in which she was again conspicuously successful. She 
first appeared under the management of David Belasco, at his Xew York Theatre, 
in the Japanese one act play, "Madame Butterfly." Miss Bates's next success was 
as Cigarette, in Belasco's production of "Under Two Flags." Then came the Princess 
Yo-San, in "The Darling of the Gods," by David Belasco and John Luther Long, 
which ran through two seasons. Her most recent success is in the star part of The 
Girl, in Belasco's drama of early California life, "The Girl of the Golden West." 
produced in the fall of 1895 at the Belasco Theatre, Xew York, and which ran there 
over nine months. 

Miss Bates is the wife of Milton F. Davis, a first lieutenant in the First Cavalrv, 
U. S. A., a Minnesota man, who was graduated from West Point. She lives with 
lire mother. 



BATEMAN, MISS VICTORY, actress, was horn in Philadelphia. She 
made her first appearance as an amateur when a child, with the Wheatly 
Dramatic Association, in that city, in "Rosedale." Her first professional 
appearance was as Gertie Hacket, in "Romany Rye," which she played for 
three seasons, in support of the late William Terriss. She afterward played leading 
parts with Louis James and Frederick Warde. In 1892 Miss Bateman supported 
the late E. J. Henley and Aubrey Boucicault. in "The Favorite," at StockwelPs 
Theatre, San Francisco. For a season she was leading woman at the Imperial 
Theatre. St. Louis, playing Carmen, Camille. Yera. in "Moths"; Young Mrs. Win- 
throp, Juliet, Portia, and Mercy Baxter, in "Caprice," in which she made her 
greatest success. She created the part of Nora Hanlon, in the English melodrama 
"Burmah." produced in Boston in 1895, and she was also the original Dearest, in 
"Little Lord Fauntleroy." In the summer of 1906 Miss Bateman was leading 
woman in the Bush Temple stock company, in Chicago. 



ELASCO, DAVID, playwright and manager, was born in San Francisco. 
Cal.. July 25, 1859. His father. Humphrey Belasco, still lives. His 
mother was Rena Martin Belasco. Both of them were natives of England. 
David Belasco's education was begun by a Catholic priest at Vancouver, 
British Columbia, and was finished at Lincoln College, California, where he 
was graduated in 1875. His leaning toward the stage was apparent when he 
was a child, and the gift of a toy theatre from his parents, upon the stage of which 
dramatized versions of his nursery books were produced, marked an epoch in his life. 
His first play, written at the age of fourteen, and acted by himself and his friends, 
was entitled "Jim Black : or. The Regulator's Revenge." It came to an untimely 
end at the close of the second act through the machinations of some young ruffians 
who had been engaged as "supers." 

Mr. Belasco started his career as a call boy at Baldwin's Theatre, San Francisco, 
and in 1878 he had become its stage manager. He also held the same place at the 

26 




Grand Opera House and the Metropolitan Theatre, San Francisco. The companies 
that he directed at this time contained many actors and actresses who became cele- 
brated stars, and it was during these years of stock work that Mr. Belasco laid the 
foundation of his present success. While he was directing stage work he was also 
dramatizing novels, adapting foreign plays and doing original work. Something like 
a hundred plays of this nature were produced with varying success. In 1880 the 
Mallory Brothers engaged Mr. Belasco to take charge of their productions at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York. It was there that he gained his first pro- 
nounced success as an author, with "May Blossom." in 1884. "La Belle Busse," 
"Valerie" and "Hearts of Oak" had already had prosperous runs in New York, 
however. 

Mr. Belasco next went with Daniel Frohman to the Lyceum Theatre, taking 
charge of his productions, in 1887. Here he wrote "Lord Chumley," with Henry 
C. DeMille, which started E. H. Sothern on his prosperous career. "The Wife" and 
"The Charity Ball," written in conjunction with Mr. DeMille, followed at the 
Lyceum Theatre, and "Men and Women. 1 " written for Charles Frohman, was pro- 
duced by him at Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre. Following this, in col- 
laboration with Franklin Fyles, Mr. Belasco wrote "The Girl I Left Behind Me," 
which opened the Empire Theatre, New York. 

"The Heart of Maryland." written by Mr. Belasco, was produced in 1895, and 
was the means of starting Mrs. Leslie Carter on the road to stardom. In 1897 Mr. 
Belasco produced "The First Born," by Francis Powers, and the following season he 
starred Mrs. Leslie Carter in his own version of Berton and Simon's "Zaza." In 
1899 he produced a farcical comedy, entitled "Naughty Anthony," with Miss 
Blanche Bates in the leading role, and later his dramatization of John Luther Long's 
Japanese story, "Madame Butterfly." in which Miss Bates was again the principal 
figure. 

On April 16, 1900, at the Garrick Theatre, London, he presented Mrs. Carter, in 
"Zaza/' with great success, and "Madame Butterfly" was also produced at the Duke 
of York's Theatre, repeating its American success. 

"Madame Du Barry," written by Mr. Belasco, was produced at the New National 
Theatre, Washington, D. C., December 12, 1901. and on December 25 at the Crite- 
rion Theatre, New York. Its success was phenomenal. "The Darling of the Gods," 
a drama of Old Japan, written by Mr. Belasco in collaboration with John Luther 
Long, was produced at the Belasco Theatre. New York, in the following year, 1902. 
with Miss Blanche Bates as the Princess Yo-San. "Sweet Kitty Bellairs," written 
by Mr. Belasco and founded on Egerton Castle's novel, "The Bath Comedy," was 
produced at the Belasco Theatre. New York, in 1903, with Miss Henrietta Crosman 
in the title role. 

Mr. Belasco's next play, produced in 1905, at the Belasco Theatre, New York 
was "Adrea," a classic tragedy of the Byzantine period, written in collaboration with 
John Luther Long. Mrs. Leslie Carter played the principal role. 

In September, 1904, Mr. Belasco produced "The Music Master," with David 
Warfield in the character of Herr von Barwig, at the Belasco Theatre, New York. 
This play holds the modern record for a long run, having been played for over 600 
nights continuously since the opening night in New York. Mr. Belasco is one of the 
leaders of the so-called independent theatrical managers. 

The most recent production made by Mr. Belasco was his own play, "The Girl 
of the Golden West." a drama of the days of '49 in California. Miss Blanche 
Bates opened in the title role at the Belasco Theatre in this drama on November 
14, 1905. and the play ran there into the fall of 1906. 

11 



BAUM, LYMAN FKAXK, playwright, was born at Chittenango, N. Y., 
May 15, 1856. He was educated at Syracuse, and began newspaper work 
in South Dakota in 1880. He is the author of many books for children. 
His produced plays are "Maid of Arran," New York, 1881 ; "Matches," 
New York, 1882; "Kilmore," Syracuse, 1884; "Queen of Killarney," Rochester, 
1885 ; "The Wizard of Oz," Chicago, 1902, and "The Woggle Bug," Chicago, 1905^ 
He has in preparation "Queen Zixi of Ix." 

Mr. Baum married, at Fayetteville, X. Y., Maud, daughter of Matilda Joslyn 
Gage. He is a member of the Chicago Press Club, the New York Athletic Club and 
The Players. His home is in Chicago in the winter and at Macatawa, Mich., in the 
summer. 



BELL, DIGBY, comic opera singer and comedian, was born in Milwaukee, 
Wis., in 1849, being the son of William J. Bell, a banker. When he was 
five years old the family moved to New York, where he received his educa- 
tion. After being graduated from college he decided to follow his father's 
occupation, and engaged with him in the brokerage business, becoming a member of 
the Stock Exchange. At his father's death he became the New York passenger 
agent of the White Star Line. He had found time in the rush of business to 
pursue an early bent for singing, and vocal study and his success as a baritone at 
concerts soon led him to forsake business entirely and go to Italy to study music. 
He studied there for five years, to such good purpose that in 1876 he made his 
debut in grand opera at the Island of Malta, his first roles being those of the Count, 
in "La Sonnambula," and Valentine, in "Faust." He next appeared at the Teatro 
Fondo, in Naples, singing the leading baritone roles in "Faust," "II Trovatore," 
"Linda," "La Sonnambula" and "Traviata." He left Italy to return to his native 
land to make a concert tour of it, during which he sang in oratorios in Boston, 
Chicago and Detroit. At the end of his concert tour he became a member of the 
Martinez English Opera Company, in which he sang all the well known baritone 
opera roles. This company finally became stranded in Montreal, and to enable it to 
get to New York it was decided to put on "Pinafore," which had never been played 
in Canada. Its success was instantaneous, and Mr. Bell's personal achievement as 
the Admiral was so marked in a subsequent tour of the L T nited States that he decided 
to devote himself to comic opera. He accordingly appeared next as John Welling- 
ton Wells, in "The Sorcerer," the first of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, "Trial by 
Jury," the Gilbert and Sullivan one act opera, and the one act musical comedies 
"Ages Ago," "The Spectre Knight" and "Charity Begins at Home," all written by 
W. S. Gilbert. In these three, in which he appeared under the management of John 
A. McCaull at the Bijou Opera House, New York, Mr. Bell took the city by storm. 
His next engagement was with the Comley-Barton company, with which he created 
the role in this country of Coliquot, in "Olivette," Catherine Lewis, John Howson 
and Marie Jansen being in the cast. For the next three years he was under con- 
tract with Augustin Daly. At this time he created the part of Jack Polo, in 
"Cinderella at School," and appeared in "Zanina," "Needles and Pins," "The Pass- 
ing Regiment" and "Americans Abroad." After another season with the Comley- 
Barton company he rejoined the McCaull opera company and appeared in "Nell 
Gwynne," "The Princess of Trebizonde," "The Pirates of Penzance," "Don Caesar," 
"The Black Hussar," "The Mikado," "Boccaccio," "Fatinitza," "Indiana" and 
"Ruddygore." He had married Laura Joyce while they were playing in Mr. 
Daly's company and she was with him as a member of the McCaull company, as 
were three others who were destined to become stars of the comic opera stage,. 

28 



Marion Manola, De Wolf Hopper and Jefferson De Angelis. After starring 
with great success in "The Tar and the Tartar" and '"Jupiter'' in New York, he, 
became the leading comedian of the Lillian Eussell opera company, appearing with 
Miss Eussell in "The Princess Nicotine," "Girofle-Girofla," "The Grand Duchess/' 
"The Queen of Brilliants" and "La Perichole." Despite his success as a comic 
opera star, Mr. Bell aspired to legitimate comedy, and after a starring tour in 
"Nancy Lee" he put into operation the long cherished project. He, with his 
wife as co-star, made a tour in Hoyt's "A Midnight Bell," his part being that of 
Deacon Tidd. While this was only partly successful, it warranted him in con- 
tinuing along the straight comedy line, and his next appearance was in "The 
Hoosier Doctor," written by Augustus Thomas. His success in this met his most 
expectant hopes. For the last two seasons he has starred as Mr. Pip]), in "The 
Education of Mr. Pipp," the comedy built around the drawings of Charles Dana 
Gibson by Augustus Thomas. Mr. Bell's address is No. 147(5 Lexington avenue. 
New York. 



BENTLEY, MISS IRENE (MRS. J. T. SOTHORON), was born in 
Baltimore, where her father at one time was a wealthy merchant. While 
still in her teens Miss Bentley was married to J. Thomas Sothoron, a 
lawyer, of Washington, D. C. A separation quickly followed, and, her 
father having met with financial disaster, Miss Bentley found herself compelled to 
earn her own living. 

Choosing the theatrical profession. Miss Bentley went to New York and obtained 

an engagement with E. E. Rice and the late 
A. M. Palmer to appear as one of the 
captain's daughters, in "Little Christopher," 
at the Madison Square Theatre. Thus she 
made her first appearance on the stage in 
1895. 

Miss Bentley then became a member of 
the Casino chorus, appearing in "The Merry 
World," where she attracted the attention of 
George W. Lederer, who pushed her forward 
until she assumed prima donna parts and 
eventually became a star, her first stellar 
part being in the musical comedy "The Wild 
Rose." Since then Miss Bentley has been the 
star of several light musical pieces. She 
has also appeared as a ballad singer in vaude- 
ville houses. 

Miss Bentley's home is at No. 65 Central 
Park West. Ne\v York. 



BERGEN, MISS NELLA (MRS. DE WOLF HOPPER), light opera 
prima donna, was born in Brooklyn, her father being Captain John Riordan. 
of the Police Department. When she was eighteen years old her singing 
attracted the attention of the famous bandmaster Patrick Sarsfield Gil- 
more, and he engaged her as soprano soloist for his band concerts on tour and in 
New York. After several seasons with him she retired from public view save 
for amateur performances of the operas of Gilbert and Sullivan and solo singing 

29 




in Brooklyn church choirs, to engage in further musical study. In 1895 she re- 
turned to the professional ranks and toured the country under the management of 
Fred C. Whitney, in Smith and De Koven's "The Fencing Master." She soon again 
left the stage, this time to become the wife of James D. Bergen, a wealthy cut glass 
manufacturer of Meriden and Hartford, Conn. As Mrs. Bergen she was one of 
the most noted church choir singers of Meriden and Hartford. The old love for 
the stage, however, reasserted itself, and in 1897 she left the Centre Church choir, 
of Hartford, to play the leading soprano role with De Wolf Hopper in "El Capitan." 
In 1899 she was again with Mr. Hopper in "The Charlatan." Mr. Hopper had 
obtained a divorce from Mrs. Edna Wallace Hopper in the summer of 1898, and 
when Mrs. Bergen left the cast of "The Charlatan" to go to South Dakota it was 
rumored that she and Mr. Hopper would be married as soon as she had obtained 
a divorce. Eumor proved truth and they were married. She played thereafter 
with him in the leading soprano roles in all of his comic operas until the last 
season, when they appeared in different companies. Her last engagement was as 
the star of the Sousa opera "The Free Lance," which ended the 1906 season at 
the Xew Amsterdam Theatre. 



BERGERE, MISS VALERIE, actress, was born in Metz, France. 
With her sister Leona, who was a member of the Conried opera company, 
she came to this country when a girl and studied the English language. 
She made her first appearance as Dora Vane, in "Harbor Lights." at 
Oakland, Cal., in 1892, and the following season played ingenue parts with 
Maud Granger in California and the Northwest. The same year she created the 
part of Mrs. Eussell Eitchie, in "The Journalist." Avith marked success. She next 
appeared in ISTew York in "A Piece of Steel." In 1895 Miss Bergere did excellent 
work as Jen, a tough girl, in "A White Eat," and as Marie Vernet, a French 
adventuress, in "On the Mississippi." Three years later she was a member of the 
Girard Avenue stock company at Philadelphia, appearing in such parts as Hen- 
riette, in "The Two Orphans" ; Mrs. Eawlston, in "Jim the Penman" ; Suzanne, in 
"The Masked Ball" ; Miriam, in "The Butterflies," and as Carmen. Miss Bergere 
is an accomplished linguist. She has recently been seen in vaudeville. 



BERNARD, SAM (BARNETT), comedian, was born in Birmingham, 
England, on June 3, 1863. When he was four years old his parents moved 
to the United States. He and his brother Dick were imbued with "show" 
ambitions when they were youngsters, and gave their first appearance in 
their father's woodshed. They made their first stage appearance in Xew York in 
1876 at the old Grand Duke Theatre, Baxter and Worth streets. The theatre was 
in a basement, and the admission fee was five cents. The Bernards used to perform 
there after school hours, billed as the Bernard Brothers, and did one of the knock- 
about comedian singing and dancing acts so popular at that time. As a team they 
played this sketch in vaudeville and variety houses until 1884, when Sam Bernard 
joined the stock company at B, F. Keith's Providence (E. I.) theatre to play comedy 
roles. In 1885 he went to England and appeared in character sketches in the 
leading music halls and variety theatres. He returned to the United States in 
1886. created the role of the Bad Boy, in "The Corner Grocery," and for two seasons 
played the principal comedy role in "Lost in London." He next gave his attention 
to burlesque, and from 1888 to 1891 played the principal comedy parts with the 
Xight Owls. Later he became part proprietor, with Mr. Manchester, of the 

30 



( > 



French Folly company, also a burlesque company, in which he again played the 
leading comedy parts. It was at this period that he became popular as a German 
dialect comedian, and it was the laughs which greeted his language nonsense which 
led to his heing engaged by Weber & Fields to tour with the Russell Brothers. 
When Weber & Fields organized the burlesque company, the Vaudeville Club, 
they placed Mr. Bernard in charge of it. When that company was retired he 
became a member of the Weber & Fields Broadway Music Hall company in Xew 
Yoi'k, with which he remained until 1901. In 1904 he was engaged by Charles 
Frohman to star with Miss Hattie Williams, in "The Girl from Kay's." which ran 
for a season at the Herald Square Theatre. Xew York. In this Mr. Bernard madf 
the chief success of his career, a success which took him out of the ranks of the 
music hall comedians and gave him a place as a comedian on the legitimate stage. 
He continued this success, still as a co-star with Miss Williams, "in "The Rollicking 
Girl," also produced at the Herald Square Theatre by Charles Frohman in the 
season of 1905-'0(5. 



BERNHARDT, MADAME SARAH (ROSINA SARAH. DA 
MALA), actress, was born in Paris in 1844 and educated at the Convent 
de Grandchamps, Versailles. She made her first appearance on the stage 
at the Comedie Frangaise, when she was eighteen years old, as Iphigenie. 
After appearing at the Gynmase, Porte St. Martin and Odeon theatres she returned 
to the Comedie Franchise in 1872 and was nominated a "societaire" in 1875. 
When she left the Comedie to make her first visit to America and England she 
was fined $20,000. She made her first appearance in America in 1880. Return- 
ing to Paris the following year, she became director of the Theatre Ambigu. In 
1882 she was married to M. Damala. She bought the Porte St. Martin in 1883 
and made many noted productions there. Her next visit to America was in 1886. 
From 1887 to 1893 she played at the Porte St. Martin, and then assumed director- 
ship of the Renaissance, where many of her greatest successes were made. In 1898 
she bought the old Theatre des Xations, which she renamed the Theatre Sarah 
Bernhardt. 

Her most recent visit to this country was in the season of 1905-'06. when she 
toured under the management of the Shuberts, after a brilliant engagement at 
the Lyric Theatre, Xew York. She played farewell performances there June 12 
and 13, 1906, appearing in "Hamlet," "Frou-Frou," "Camille" and "L'Aiglon." 
During her tour Madame Bernhardt frequently played under a huge tent, on account 
of the war between rival managerial organizations. 

Madame Bernhardt, besides being a painter and sculptor of recognized ability, 
has written many books and magazine articles and produced a play, "L'Aveu," 
written by herself, at the Odeon Theatre, Paris, in 1888. Her home address is 
Boulevard Pereire, 5, Paris. 



BEVERIDGE, J. D., actor, was born in Dublin in 1844, his father being 
a civil engineer. A clerkship in his father's firm not suiting him, he ran 
away at the age of sixteen and joined a travelling theatrical company, 
making his first appearance at Oldham, in Lancashire, England. After a 
few years of "barnstorming" he obtained an engagement at the Adelphi Theatre, 
making his first London appearance in "Lost at Sea," in 1869. For years he 
played leads in English provincial companies, principally in the Robertson come- 
dies. His Pygmalion, in "Pygmalion and Galatea," attracted attention at this 

31 




MISS HELEN BERTRAM. 

(Photograph by Sarony. ) 



time. Again returning to the Adelphi for the production of ''Taken from Life," in 
1881, he remained there, under the management of the Gattis. until 1897, playing 
heavies in the long series of Adelphi melodramas, and becoming the leading 
exponent of stage villany on the English stage. Afterward Mr. Beveridge created 
the part of the Professor, in "Old Heidelberg," at the St. James's Theatre, and 
appeared in "The Country House," at the Prince of Wales's, in 1903. 

Mr. Beveridge came to this country, under the management of Charles Froh- 
man, in 1904. The season of 1905-'06 he played in "Man and Superman," sup- 
porting Robert Lcraine. 



BERTRAM, MISS HELEN (MRS. E. J. MORGAN), comic opera 
prima donna, was born Lulu May Burt, in Tuscola. 111., in 1869. She 
made her first histrionic effort when a child of four, being held on a table 
to speak a piece in the arms of Mrs. Joseph G. Cannon, wife of the present 
Speaker of the House of Representatives. She was educated in Indianapolis, and 
studied music there and at the Cincinnati College of Music. Having had some 
experience as an amateur with the Lyra Musical Society, Miss Bertram made her 
first New York appearance at the old Madison Square Garden as Josephine, in 
"Pinafore," a part she played "one consecutive week/' She was then engaged by 
the Emma Abbott Opera Company and played Filina, in "Mignon," in 1888. She 
then went under the management of J. C. Duff, appearing in a large repertoire of 
light operas. During this engagement she was married to Signor Tommasi, the 
musical director of the company. A divorce followed a few years later. 

After singing many prima donna parts with the McCaull Opera Company, Miss 
Bertram became a member of Henry E. Abbey's English Opera Company. In 1893 
she was married to the late E. J. Henley, a well known actor. She had one child 
by him, Eosina Henley, born in 189-L Mr. Henley died a few years after the mar- 
riage. After being prima donna with the Bostonians, Miss Bertram joined the Carl 
Rosa Opera Company, and at the Covent Garden Theatre, London, sang Santuzza, 
in "Cavalleria Rusticana" ; Arline, in "The Bohemian Girl," and Nedda, in 
"I Pagliacci." 

Miss Bertram was in the original casts of "The Tar and the Tartar," "Foxy 
Quiller," "Peggy from Paris," "A War Time Wedding" and "La Basoche" (in this 
country). She has also played prima donna roles in "Clover," "The Black 
Hussar," "Amorita," "Miss Helyett," "The Prince of Pilsen." "The Serenade," 
"Robin Hood" and "Prince Annanias." The season of 1905-'06 she created the 
part of Jack Homer, in "The Gingerbread Man," under the management of Bra den 
& Peters. 

At the death of Mr. Henley Miss Bertram became the wife of E. J. Morgan, a 
popular actor, who died early in 1906. 



BINGHAM, MISS AMELIA (MRS. LLOYD BINGHAM), actress. 
was born in Hicksville, Ohio, her maiden name being Smiley. She was 
educated at the Ohio Wesleyan University. Her first stage appearance 
was with McKee Rankin in a tour of the Pacific Coast. She made her 
first appearance in New York at the People's Theatre, on the Bowery, in a melo- 
drama, "The Struggle of Life." Her next engagement was at Niblo's Garden, 
New York, in "The Power of Gold," another melodrama. After playing in "The 
Village Postmaster," at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, and in "Captain Impu- 
dence" and revivals of the Boucicanlt dramas, at the American Theatre, she was 

33 



engaged by Charles Frohman for his production of "The White Heather," at the 
Academy of Music. She afterward appeared at the Madison Square Theatre, in 
"On and Off" and "The Proper Caper." and at Wallack's, in "At the White Horse 
Tavern" and "The Cuckoo." She succeeded Jessie Millward as leading woman in 
"His Excellency the Governor," at the Empire Theatre. The season of 1899-1900 
she appeared in the melodrama "Hearts Are Trumps," played with the George 
Holland Stock Company at the Girard Avenue Theatre, Philadelphia; in "Xature," 
at the Academy of Music, New York; in "The Capitol," at the Standard, New 
York, in 1895, and at the Herald Square, Xew York, with the Mordaunt and Block 
Stock Company in 1898. 

In 1900 Miss Bingham went to London, and there saw women acting in and 
managing their own companies. She returned to Xew York determined to emulate 
them, organized her own company, accepted a play from Clyde Fitch, and on January 
15, 1901, gave the first performance of her stock company at the Bijou Theatre, 
New York, with "The Climbers," she herself being in one of the principal roles. 
The play proved a great success. Since then she has produced a number of plays, 
chief among them being "A Modern Magdalen" and "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson." 

Miss Bingham's home is at Xo. 41 East 31st street, Xew York. 



BISPHAM, DAVID, grand opera baritone, was born in Philadelphia on 
January 5. 1857. His parents were of Quaker stock, their forbears having 
been among those who came to America with William Penn. One of them, 
Nicholas Scull, surveyed and laid out the city of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Bisphfl m's father was a well known lawyer and music lover who played the flute 
and sang in the choir of his church, and his son not only inherited his taste for 
music, but lived in its atmosphere. One of the pleasures of his early boyhood days 
was to accompanv his father's flute on the guitar. On leaving Haverford College, 
from which he was graduated in 1876 and where he had been the leader of the 
Glee Club, David Bispham entered business as a wool merchant. He still studied 
music, however, and as a member of the Orpheus Club and the Oratorio Society 
became well known in the amateur musical life of the city. He was also the solo 
basso and leader of the boy choir of St. Mark's Church. In 1885 he married Miss 
Caroline Russell, the daughter of General Charles Russell, and Avent abroad. He 
had long cherished an ambition to become a grand opera star, and when he reached 
Italy he at once began to fit himself for such a career. He studied under Yan- 
nuccini, in Florence, and Lamperti, in Milan, meanwhile singing in churches 
and at concerts in Florence, Bologna and Milan. In 1889 he went to London, 
where for two years he continued concert singing and appeared in amateur grand 
opera performances. He made his grand opera stage debut on Xovember 3. 1891, 
at the Royal English Opera, appearing as the Due de Longueville, in Messagers 
"Basoche." At the end of this engagement he was at once taken into the Covent 
Garden company by Sir Augustus Harris. There, in the summer of 1892, he first 
appeared as Kurvenal, in "Tristan und Isolde." He sang at Covent Garden for 
the next five years, appearing in some twenty-five roles in French. German and 
Italian opera. In 1897 he was engaged by Maurice Grau to sing in Xew York 
with the Metropolitan Opera company, which included the De Reszkes, Plangon, 
Campanari. Madame Melba and Madame Eames. Mr. Bispham has won his 
greatest laurels in his native land in Wagnerian roles, his Kurrenal, Telramund 
and Beckmesser especially calling forth the admiration of the public and the critics. 
Of late years he has lived principally abroad and devoted himself to concert singing, 
although making occasional trips to the United States to appear in song recitals. 

34 



BLANK V, HARRY CLAY, actor, chiefly in melodrama, was born in 
Columbus, Ohio, December, 187-L At the age of ten he had gained a local 
reputation as a boy actor, mimic and gymnast, and had appeared at many 
entertainments, his gains from which helped to support himself, his mother 
and his brother, who had been left almost penniless at the death of Mr. Blaney, 
at one time a wealthy merchant of Cincinnati and Columbus. Harry Blaney 
always dates his career from the Sunday morning on which he entertained the 
prisoners of the Ohio State Penitentiary in the chapel of the prison. Thereafter 
he entertained them frequently and so endeared himself to them that on Christmas 
morning, 1886, they gave him a gold watch and $40. this sum becoming his first 
bank account. His first stage engagement was with Elmer Vance, in "The Limited 
Mail." For several seasons afterward Mr. Blaney played in musical comedies and 
extravaganzas, in some of which he received training at the hands of Ben Teal. 
"Across the Pacific" and "The Boy Behind the Gun," in which he has increased 
his reputation as one of the most popular gallery favorites, are representative melo- 
dramas of the kind which have made him a wealthy man, most of which have been 
written by his brother. Charles E. Blaney. Harry Blaney married, in November, 
1903, Miss Kitty Wolfe. His summer home is at Centre Moriches. Long Island, 
where he has a number of speedy road horses and Shetland ponies. 



BLAUVELT, MISS LILLIAN EVANS (MRS. WILLIAM F. 
PENDLETON), grand and light opera prima donna, was born in Brook- 
lyn, March 16, 1873, her ancestors being Welsh and Dutch. She was edu- 
cated at the public schools and began the study of music when she was 
five years old. She played the violin in public at the age of seven, and at fifteen years 
began to study singing at the National Conservatory of Music, New York, under 
Jacques Bouhy. While still very young Miss Blauvelt was married to Royal Stone 
Smith, son of Judge Fayette Smith, of Ohio. Mr. Smith was a church choir 
singer, and when M. Bouhy went to Europe the Smiths followed, so that Mrs. Smith 
might continue her studies with him in Paris. 

Miss Blauvelt sang at concerts in Paris and Belgium, and later in Moscow, 
where she studied under Eubinstein for the lyric stage. She made her first appear- 
ance in opera at the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels, as Mirelle. Returning to 
this country, Miss Blauvelt sang at concerts under Seidl, Thomas and Damrosch. 
In 1897 Miss Blauvelt obtained a divorce from her husband. In 1898 she sang 
before Queen Margherita of Italy, and the following year before Queen Victoria. 
In February, 1899, she was married to William F. Pendleton. of New York. In 
1901 she received the decoration of the Order of St. Cecilia, at Rome, being the 
only woman to be so honored. In 1902 she sang at Covent Garden, London, 
making successes as Marguerite, Micaela, Juliet and Zerlina. The season of 1905 
she went into light opera, appearing as star in "The Rose of the Alhambra," under 
the management of F. C. Whitney. Miss Blauvelt's home is No. 632 Kenmore 
Place. Brooklyn. X. Y. 



BLINN, HOLBROOK, actor and stage director, was born in California, 
his father. Colonel Charles H. Blinn, being one of the veterans of the Civil 
War, and his mother, known on the stage as Miss Nellie Holbrook, one of 
the leading women of the American stage. She was one of the few women 
to play Hamlet, a character in which she appeared before a New York audience, 
and gained fame as a stump speaker for the Republican party in the Presidential 

35 



campaigns of 1876, 1880 and 1884. Holbrook Blinn left Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity in his sophomore year as the result of differences with the faculty regarding 
articles in the college magazine, "Palo Alto." which he originated and published. 
It was only to be expected that he would find his life work on the stage, for which 
many amateur performances and his mother's training had fitted him. He made 
his first appearance with Frank Mayo, in "The Streets of New York," as one of 
the ensemble, in 1878, at the age of six. 

His real debut was made at a benefit for Robert M. Eberle in San Francisco, he 
playing Gratiano. in "The Merchant of Venice." In 1902 he was engaged by 
Joseph Grismer to play Jefferson Gwynne, in "The New South." He remained 
with Joseph Grismer. under William A. Brady's management, for a year and a 
half, touring the entire country. A year afterward he organized a company and 
took it to Alaska, playing the entire Pacific Coast on the way. This was the first 
dramatic company that had been to Alaska. At the end of this venture he joined 
Miss Effie Ellsler as leading man, playing such parts as Romeo. Orlando and 
Armand Duval. His next engagement was with Roland Reed for one season. 

At the end of this season Mr. Blinn worked with Chester Bailey Fernald on 
"The Cat and the Cherub/' which was first produced at Hammerstein's Olympia 
in New York in 1897. and later was taken to London under the management of 
William A. Brady and Mr. Blinn, where it ran for nearly a year at the Lyric 
Theatre. 

Mr. Blinn's next engagement was with Martin Harvey, under whose manage- 
ment he created the dual roles of Jean and Ernest Defarge, in "The Only Way," 
and the Commendador, in "Don Juan's Last Wager." at the same time being the 
stage director. After appearing in "Ib and Little Christina" in London, and at 
the Madison Square Theatre in 1900, Mr. Blinn appeared with Miss Marie Bur- 
roughs in a dramatization of "The Battle of the Strong," and as Lord Carnal, in 
"To Have and to Hold" at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York. He then went 
to London to originate a part in "Sweet and Twenty," and stayed there for a special 
engagement with Miss Olga Xethersole at the Adelphi Theatre and to play Jaques 
in a revival of "As You Like It." 

Mr. Blinn was then engaged to play Napoleon in George Edwardes's production 
of "The Duchess of Dantzic." a role in which he made a marked success in London 
and in this country. After playing the part two years and a half he created in 
New York the role of Austin Stoneman, in "The Clansman," at the Liberty 
Theatre. He then joined forces with Edward A. Braden to produce and play in 
"The Plainsman." and is now general stage director and play reader for Mr. Braden. 



LOCK, SHERIDAN, actor, was born in Boston, and was graduated from 
Boston L T niversity. His first engagement as an actor was with Daniel 
Frohman. in the role of Dave Hardy, in "Esmeralda." Since then he has 
played many leading parts, such as Colonel Prescott, in "Held by the 
Enemy"; Count Musso Danella. in "Mr. Barnes of New York"; George Deshamel, 
in "Article 47," with Maud Granger: Sartorys, in "Frou Frou," and Armand, in 
"Camille." He was jointly featured with Emily Rigl and Joseph Haworth in 
"The Crust of Society." at the Union Square Theatre, New York, and appeared 
with the late E. J. Henley, in "Captain Paul." at the opening of the Castle Square 
Theatre, Boston. He was in the original production of "Darkest Russia." and for 
!ome time played leading parts with the Boston Museum stock company. 



36 




BLOSSOM, HENRY MARTYN, JR., playwright, was born in St. Louis, 
May 10, 1866, and was educated at the Stoddard School. Before taking to 
literary pursuits Mr. Blossom was in the insurance business. His first con- 
spicuous success was his unique story, "The Documents in Evidence/" His 
second was the novel "Checkers," which he dramatized and produced with remark- 
able success under the management of the late Kirke La Shelle. Scarcely less suc- 
cessful was Mr. Blossom's book of "The Yankee Consul," a musical comedy pro- 
duced by H. W. Savage, with Raymond Hitchcock in the principal part. He is also 
the author of "Mile. Modiste," Miss Fritzi Scheff's successful comic opera, and "The 
Red Mill," in which C. B. Dillingham starred Montgomery and Stone in the 190G 
fall season. Mr. Blossom is a member of The Lambs and The Players. His New 
York address is No. 23 West 30th street. 



BOND, FREDERICK, actor, began his career as a call boy at Wallack's 
old theatre, 13th street aid Broadway, New York, in 1878. He afterward 
occupied a similar place with the stock company at Abbey's Park Theatre. 
After a time he was intrusted with utility parts, and after a season or two 
of barnstorming he joined Sol Smith Russell's company, playing the role of the 
Tramp in "Edgeworth Folks." It was during an engagement in San Francisco with 
this play in 1884 that Mr. Bond attracted the attentioi of the late Augustin Daly, 
who engaged him for his stock company, with which Mr. Bond remained seven years. 
Last season he was one of the cast of "The Social Whirl," which had an all summer 
run at the Casino, New York. 



BOUCICAULT, AUBREY, actor, was born in London in 1868, being the 
second son of the late Dion Boucicault. He made his first appearance on 
the stage at Toole's Theatre, London, in 1888, and the following year was 
at the Criterion Theatre, under the management of Charles Wyndham, 
where he played in the original production of "Betsy." He was in the cast of 
"Caprice," at the Globe Theatre, in 1889, and in a revival of Bronson Howard's 
"Truth," at the Criterion in 1890. The same year he came to this country and 
made his first New York appearance in "The English Rose" at Proctor's Twenty- 
third Street Theatre. Several engagements in comedy parts followed, the one which 
attracted the most attention being that in support of Miss Camille D'Arville, in 
Stange and Edwards's "Madeline; or, The Magic Kiss." Mr. Boucicault has 
also starred in the parts played by his father in his own famous Irish plays, and 
supported Otis Skinner in "Francesca Di Rimini." The season of 1905-'06 Mr. 
Boucicault appeared in "The Prodigal Son," "The Vanderbilt Cup" and "Arms and 
the Man/' in which he played Ma^or Sergius Saranoff, with Arnold Daly, at the 
Lyric Theatre, New York. Soon after his arrival in America Mr. Boucicault 
married Miss Amy Busby, an actress, from whom he was divorced in 1895. 



^ 




RADEN, EDWARD ALLEN, manager, was bora January 21, 1863, in 
Shelby County, Ohio, his parents having emigrated from Virginia shortly 
before his birth. It was intended that young Braden should take the min- 
istry for his life work, and after finishing his school education in Ohio he 
was sent to New York to take a course in theology. There he became interested in 
the stage, and after a few months joined the Agnes Wallace Villa company, a reper- 
toire organization, playing the smaller towns. Mr. Braden's first appearance as an 

37 



actor was made at Port Jervis, N. Y., when he played the part of the old doctor in 
"Miss Moulton" and Buttoni in the burlesque of "Cinderella" in one bill. For the 
next five years Mr. Braden was an actor, his stage name being Brooks. 

In 1883 Mr. Braden accepted a place in the general offices of one of the big rail- 
roads in an executive capacity, which he resigned six years later to assume the man- 
agement of "The Little Nugget." Prominent in this company at that time were 
Oscar and Josie Sisson and Herbert and Joe Cawthorne. During the prosperous part 
of the career of the Jacobs-Proctor Circuit Mr. Braden became well known as a 
producing manager of popular priced attractions. In 1896 he took the management 
of Proctor's International Vaudeville Company, and later he was the manager for 
three years of the Eays in "A Hot Old Time." 

In 1901 Mr. Braden joined the forces of Henry W. Savage in a general capacity, 
remaining with them until 1905, when he started in business for himself. Within 
the short space of twelve months Mr. Braden organized and put in active operation 
one of the most important theatrical concerns in the country. The season of 1906 
he owned seven attractions. They were "The Gingerbread Man" (two companies), 
"Man and His Angel," "On Parole," "Barabbas," "Amos Judd" and "The Turn 
of the Tide." His business address is Knickerbocker Theatre Building, 1402 Broad- 
way, New York. 



B REESE, EDMUND, actor, was born in Brooklyn. He made his first 
stage appearance as the leading man of a repertoire company in the West 
in 1892. In 1896 he was engaged by Madame Rhea to play the heavy parts 
in the romantic dramas in which she made so many successful tours, and 
soon became her leading man. While in her company he played the roles of 
Napoleon, in "Josephine"; Lord Lester, in "Mary Stuart"; Sartorys, in "Frou 
Frou"; Benedick, in "Much Ado About Nothing"; Chysos, in "Pygmalion and 
Galatea," and Shylock, in "The Merchant of Venice." In 1898 he joined James 
O'Neill's company, supporting him in such roles as Albert and Nortier, in "The 
Count of Monte Cristo"; Appius, in "Virginius," and Grebauval,, in "When Greek 
Meets Greek." He was next engaged by Liebler & Co. to play Rochefort in "The 
Three Musketeers," in which he earned hearty commendation. In 1906 he made one 
of the chief successes of his career as John Burkett Ryder, in Charles Klein's "The 
Lion and the Mouse," which ran more than three hundred nights at the Lyceum 
Theatre, and was taken to London, where it failed, by a second company, of which 
he was a member. 



BOWLEY, MISS FLORA JULIET, actress, was born in San Francisco. 
She is a sister of Captain Bowley, of the United States Army, who is now 
an inspector at West Point. Miss Bowley was educated at Smith College. 
Northampton, Mass., and there her elocutionary work attracted the atten- 
tion of James K. Hackett, who gave her her first professional engagement to speak 
a few lines in "The Fortunes of the King." She also understudied Mary Man- 
nering, and eventually succeeded to the leading woman's part. The season of 
1905-'06 Miss Bowley played Kate Roberts, in the No. 2 "The Lion and the Mouse" 
company, so successfully that in the fall of 1906 she was selected to play Shirley 
Rossmore, the leading woman's part, succeeding Grace Elliston in the New York 
company, at the Lyceum Theatre. 



38 



BRADY, W. A., manager, was born in San Francisco in 1805. His father 
was Tfcrence A. Brady, an authority on the Roman Catholic Church and 
the founder and editor of "The Monitor," the chief organ of that faith on 
the Pacific Coast. In 1869 his father joined the editorial staff of "The 
New York Herald.'*' In his teens W. A. Brady established a bulletin and messenger 
service, of which he had a monopoly, for the big sporting events in Xew York. 
Finding himself penniless in Omaha in 1882. after iiis father's death, lie became a 
Southern Pacific railroad train boy. While in San Francisco one day he went to 
the California Theatre, and, telling Bartley Campbell that he was an actor, got a 
place in "The White Slave." Max Freeman, the stage manager, recognized him as 
the train boy and discharged him as an actor to hire him as a call boy at $7 a week. 
Two weeks later Brady, on the illness of William H. Thompson, took his place as 

Natchez Jim in the play. Two weeks later 
he was made assistant stage manager, and he 
finally succeeded Freeman as stage manager. 
As such he prompted Edwin Booth, Lawrence 
Barrett, the elder Salvini. Rossi, Modjeska, 
W. E. Sheridan and other famous actors on 
their visits to 'Frisco. 

Brady sent out his first company in 1888 
in a repertoire of fifteen plays, some pirated., 
including "She," dramatized from the novel 
by Brady himself. He made $65,000 out of 
the play in one season. He bought "After 
Dark" from Dion Boucicault in 1890 for 
$600, starred in it as Old Tom, and cleared 
$60,000 the first season. Then he put James 
J. Corbett in the cast and made $100,000 in 
another season, before the latter wrested the 
prize ring championship from John L. Sulli- 
van. He produced "The Cotton King," 

"Humanity" and "Old Glory," and obtained the rights to "Trilby" outside of New- 
York and Chicago and sent it to Australia. He also produced "Xero," with Wilton 
Lackaye, at this time. He leased the Standard Theatre, Xew York, in 1896, called 
it the Manhattan and produced there "The Turtle." "Mile. Fifi," "The Manicure," 
"The Weather Hen." "Women and Wine" and "'Way Down East." This play, 
which is still popular, netted Brady more than $500,000. In 1899 he married 
Grace George, and in 1900 he starred her in the younger Dumas's "Diane de Lys," 
called "The Countess Chiffon," and in "Her Majesty." 

In 1901 he starred her in "Under Southern Skies," in 1903, in "Pretty Peggy," 
in 1905 in "Abigail," and in 1905-'06 in "The Marriage of William Ashe." In 
1901 he made an all star revival of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" at the Academy of Music. 
New York, with Wilton Lackaye, Mrs. Annie Yeamans and John E. Kellard in the 
company. The same year he produced Clyde Fitch's "Lovers' Lane" at the Man- 
hattan Theatre, New York, and "Foxy Grandpa," which ran three years. He 
helped stage an all star revival of "The Two Orphans" at the Xew Amsterdam 
Theatre, Xew York, in 1904, with Miss George as Louise, and staged an original- 
cast revival of "Trilby" at the same theatre in 1905. In 1903 he starred Wilton 
Lackaye in a dramatization of Frank Norris's novel "The Pit," and in 1904 he 
produced the first American performance of Ibsen's "Pillars of Society" in New 
York, with Wilton Lackaye as the star. In 1901 he also produced H. A. Du 
Souchet's "Betsy Ross" in Philadelphia. Wilton Lackaye's "The Law and the 

39 




Man/' from Victor Hugo's "Les Miserables," and Eupert Hughes's "The Richest 
Girl in the World" were two of his productions in 1906. He assumed the manage- 
ment of Eobert Mantell in 1905 and restored him to the Broadway theatres in 
Shakespearian repertoire. He revived "King Lear/' in which Brady had acted 
the Fool with Sheridan in 'Frisco, in 1905. He produced the Rev. John Snyder's 
"As Ye Sow" in Boston in 1905. He re-leased the Manhattan Theatre in 1906. 
He is the manager of Wright Lorimer, Al Leech and Carrie De Mar, and managed 
De Wolf Hopper in 1904-'05 in a revival of "Wang." Mr. Brady's activities are not 
limited to the theatre. He has been one of the cfiief figures in the development of 
the new Coney Island, has been the promoter of many big sporting events at Madison 
Square Garden, has managed many champion pugilists, and has large real estate 
interests. 



BRATTON, JOHN WALTER, composer, was born in Wilmington, Del., 
January 21, 1867, being the son of John F. and Emma Bratton. He was 
educated at the public schools of Wilmington, and then became a student 
at the Philadelphia College of Music. Mr. Bratton has supplied the music 
to several musical comedies, including "The Man from China," book by Paul West, 
which was produced in Chicago in 1904 and had a run at the Majestic Theatre, 
New York. He has also more than two hundred popular songs to his credit, the hest 
known of which are "The Sunshine of Paradise Alley," "Henrietta, Have You Met 
Her?" "The Same Old Way," "Isabella" and "In a Cosey Corner." Mr. Bratton's 
home is at No. 103 West 54th street, New York. He is a member of the Green 
Room Club, of New York. 



BURROUGHS, MISS MARIE (MRS. R. B. MACPHERSON), 
actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., in 1866, her maiden name being 
Lillie Arrington. When only seventeen years old Miss Arrington had won 
success in readings and recitals at private gatherings in San Francisco, and 
at one of these Lawrence Barrett was so impressed with her ability that he tele- 
graphed A. M. Palmer and obtained an engagement for the girl in "The Rajah," 
which was being played at the Madison Square Theatre, New York. On the arrival 
of Miss Burroughs the leading woman was taken ill. The novice was entrusted with 
the part of Gladys, and thus, in 1884, Miss Burroughs made her first appearance on 
the stage in an important emotional role. Her next part was Irma, in "Alpine 
Roses." After that she was entrusted with leading parts in "Hazel Kirke," "Esmer- 
alda," "After the Ball" and "Mrs. Winthrop." While in Xew Orleans Miss Bur- 
roughs played Zicka, in "Diplomacy," with Wallaek's company, at forty-eight hours' 
notice, in place of Sophie Eyre, who had been taken suddenly ill. 

Miss Burroughs then played Pauline March, in "Called Back," with Robert 
Mantell in New York, and with A. M. Palmer's company at the Madison Square 
Theatre created the part of Queen Guinevere, in "Elaine," with Alexander Salvini. 
She also played Lettie, in "Saints and Sinners," during this engagement. 

Miss Burroughs went to London in 1890 and was engaged to support E. S. 
Willard on his American tour, opening in "The Middleman," as Mary Blenkarn. 
Miss Burroughs subsequently supported Mr. Willard several seasons, playing Vashti 
Dethic, in "Judah" ; Edith Ruddock, in "Wealth" ; Kate Norbury, in "John Need- 
ham's Double" ; Lucy, in "The Professor's Love Story," and Ophelia, in "Hamlet." 
In 1890 Miss Burroughs became the wife of Louis F. Massen. 

In 1894 she starred in Pinero's "The Profligate" and produced "Romeo and 

40 



Juliet" and "Leah." In 1899 she appeared with Stuart liobson in "The Meddler," 
and she was also his leading woman in "The Gadfly." She also starred in "The 
Battle of the Strong" in 1901. 

In 1901 Miss Burroughs was married to Robert Barclay Macpherson, of Xew 
York. Her home is at Xo. 261 West 93d street, Xew York. 



BURT, MISS LAURA (MRS. HENRY STANFORD), actress, was 
born in Ramsey, Isle of Man. near England, in 1SS2. Her father. Cap- 
tain Brown Burt, was an Englishman, horn in Bristol, and her mother, 
Ann Lloyd Burt, was Welsh, having been horn in Carnarvon. Miss Bnrt's 
first pronounced success in this country was in the part of .June, in Paul Arthur's 
play "Blue Jeans." She then appeared as Madge, in "In Old Kentucky," a part 
which she played several seasons throughout the United States and Canada and 

also for a season in England. On March 2, 
1902, Miss Burt became the wife of Henry 
Stanford, an actor in Sir Henry Irving/s 
company. The marriage took place in Xew 
York, and .Miss Burt, joining Sir Henry's 
company, played Helen of Swabia, in 

^^ ^^^H "Dante," throughout the run at the Drury 

~^ N ^ Lane Theatre, London, and during the last 

tour of the famous English actor in this 
' country. 

Among many parts played by Miss Burt. 
she has made her most pronounced successes 
as Dolores, in "In the Palace of the King"; 
as Glory Quayle, in "The Christian"; as 
Juliet; as Portia, in "The Merchant of Yen- 
ice''; as Rosalind, in "As You Like It," and 
as Camille. The season of 1906-'07 Miss 
Burt, jointly with her husband, starred in 
"Dorothy Yernon of Haddon Hall." under 

the management of Ernest Shipman. Miss Burt's address is Xo. 301 St. Xicholas 
avenue, Xew York. She is a life member of the Professional Woman's League. 




BAIRD, DOROTHEA (MRS. H. B. IRVING), actress, the daughter of 
John Foster Baird, barrister-at-law, of London, England, was born in 1ST5. 
After experience as an amateur, she was selected by the late George du 
Maurier, author of "Trilby," to create the title part in the iplay of that 
name, principally because she closely resembled his sketches of the heroine of his 
novel. Thus she made her first professional appearance as Trilby with Beerbohm 
Tree at the Hayrnarket Theatre, London, in 1895, and was at once accepted as an 
accomplished actress. In 1896 she was married to Henry Brodribb Irving, elder 
son of the late Sir Henry Irving 

Miss Baird has since played leading parts in many London theatres, the most 
prominent being at His Majesty's in "A Midsummer Night's Dream," 1900; at the 
Garrick in "The Wedding Guest," 1901, and under the management of Charles 
Frohman, at the Duke of York's Theatre, as Mrs. Darling in "Peter Pan," 1904-5. 
Last season she was in "Xero," at His Majesty's. Her London address is Xo. 1 
Upper Woburn Place, Tavistock Square, W. C. 

41 



BUCKLEY, MISS MAY, actress, was born in San Francisco, Cal., on 
December 15, 1880, while her parents were visiting in that city. Her 
mother, who died at her daughter's birth, was of English and her father of 
German descent. Miss Buckley spent her childhood in New York, where 
she received her education. Her first appearance on the stage was as a child, in 
"May Blossom." in San Francisco, prior to her coming to New York. The late 
Dion Boucicault. who was a friend of Miss Buckley's father, was instrumental in 

getting for her her first engagement on the 
professional stage. After playing in Booth 
and Barrett's company for two years, Miss 
Buckley appeared in "The Burglar/' and 
then joined the stock company of the Al- 
cazar Theatre, San Francisco. She there, 
in 1897, so impressed David Belasco by her 
playing of the leading role in "The First 
Born" that he bought the play and engaged 
Miss Buckley to star in it in New York. 
Eoles in support of John Drew and Annie 
Russell, parts in "On and Off," "Hearts Are 
Trumps," "Caleb West," "The Price of 
Peace" and engagements with James O'Neill, 

r"A Japanese Nightingale" company. Wright 
I orimer's "The Shepherd King" company 
and William Collier's "On the Quiet" com- 
pany occupied the ensuing seasons until the 
fall of 1905, when Miss Buckley went to Lon- 
don. In the season of 1906 she played with Raymond Hitchcock in "The Galloper/' 
until the summer, when she went to Denver, Col., where she is a social as well as a 
stage favorite, to fill a stock engagement at Flitch's Gardens. Her home in New 
York is at No. 2 West 39th street. 




BUOKSTOXE, ROWLAND, actor, was born in Sydenham, near London. 
England, in 1861, being a son of the late John Baldwin Buckstone, for 
thirty years lessee and manager of the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, London, 
one of the most prolific dramatic authors and considered the most popu- 
lar comedian of the Victorian era. As an amateur Rowland Buckstone made his 
first appearance, at the age of nine, as Anna Maria, a maid servant, in the 
farce "Ici on Parle Franchise." His first professional appearance was with his 
father in the latter's farewell of the English provinces in 1877, he playing char- 
acter parts in the old comedies. He afterward was with the Chippendales from 
1878 to 1880, playing Tony Lumpkin, Bob Acres, Henry Dove. Benjamin Bunter, 
Cousin Joe, Toby Twinkle and Sir Benjamin Backbite. His first appearance in 
London was in the melodrama "The New Babylon," at the Duke's Theatre, which 
was destroyed by fire at the height of the drama's successful run. 

After a season at Sadler's Wells Theatre with the late Mrs. Bateman, appearing 
as Dibbles, in his father's drama, "The Good for Nothing"; Box, in "Box and Cox"; 
Peter, in "Romeo and Juliet," etc., he went to the old Prince of Wales's Theatre, 
and for two consecutive years, from 1880 to 1882, played Basil Girgione, in "The 
Colonel," without being once out of the cast. This was considered a record at that 
time. Mr. Buckstone then supported Fanny Davenport, in "Pique"; the late 
Dion Boucicault, in "The Colleen Bawn," and Mary Anderson, appearing with her 

42 



in "Pygmalion and Galatea/' "Ingomar," "The Lady of Lyons" and "Comedy and 
Tragedy." His next appearance was as Knickerbocker, with the late Fred Leslie, 
in the comic opera "Rip Van Winkle." He then, with his sister Lucy, produced 
"She Stoops to Conquer." 

Mr. Buckstone came to America in 1884. appearing as Amminabad Streyke, in 
"The Colonel," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. He then made a long 
tour under the management of Charles Frohman, playing principal comedy parts 
in "Lady Clare/' "Victor Durand/' "The World/' "The Two Orphans" and 
"Esmeralda." Returning to New York, Mr. Buckstone appeared in "The 
Enchantress" and with the McKeo Rankin stock company. In 1887 he supported 
Clara Morris, and the same year appeared with Helen Dauvray as Anatole in a 
revival of "The Scrap of Paper." Mr. Buckstone joined E. H. Sothern in 1887. 
and has been with him ever since, a period of nineteen years, which is probably 
the longest engagement on record. He created the parts of Col. Sapt, in 
"The Prisoner of Zenda" ; Col. Jack Dexter, in "The Master of Woodbarrow" ; 
Tommy Tucker, in "Lord Chumley"; Daniel Graham, in "The Trap to Win a 
Woman"; 101, in "'Change Alley" ;" Jorkins, in "Captain Lettarblair" ; The Mikel- 
mann, in "The Sunken Bell" ; the Executioner, in "The Proud Prince" ; Guy Lam- 
bert, in "If I Were King"; Laporte, in "The Song of the Sword," and Michael 
Kelly, in "Sheridan." In the Sothern-Marlowe company Mr. Buckstone plays 
Dogberry, Sir Toby Belch, Launcelot Gobbo, Peter, the First Graved igger and 
other Shakespearian comedy parts. Mr. Buckstone is a member of The Players. 



BURKE, MISS BILLIE, actress, was born in Washington, D. C., in 1886, 
her father and mother, William E. and Blanche Burke, having been on 
the stage. She was educated in France, where she studied singing and 
languages. Most of her professional work has been in Europe. She first 
attracted attention while singing at the London Pavilion. Her first appearance on 
the legitimate stage was in the pantomime "Beauty and the Beast," at Glasgow, 
Scotland. After a season or two in the English provinces she was engaged by 
George Edwardes for the part of Mamie Rockefeller in "The School Girl." During 
this, her first London engagement, she became popular by her singing of "My Little 
Canoe." She played Lizette, in "The Duchess of Dantzic." at the Lyric Theatre, 
London, and Renee in the touring company. In the season of 1905 she appeared 
in "The Blue Moon," at the Lyric Theatre, London. Her principal hobbies are 
automobiling and horseback riding. Her home is at No. 34 Queen's Road, 
London, N. W. 



BURNETT, MRS. FRANCES HODGSON (MRS. STEPHEN 
TOWNSEND), playwright, was born Frances Eliza Hodgson, at Man- 
chester, England, November 24, 1849. When she was sixteen years old 
her family came to the United States and settled in Knoxville. Tenn. Two 
years later, in 1867, she began writing for magazines. Miss Hodgson was married 
to Dr. L. M. Burnett in 1873, and they made their home in Washington, D. C., in 
1875. In 1898 Mrs. Burnett obtained a divorce, and in 1900 she married Stephen 
Townsend, an English author. Mrs. Burnett's first novel was "That Lass o' 
Lowrie's," published in 1877. The same year she produced "Dolly, a Love Story," 
"Kathleen" and "Surly Tim." "Haworth's" was published in 1879, "Louisanna" 
in 1880. "A Fair Barbarian" in 1881, "Little Lord Fauntleroy" in 1886. and 
"Editha's Burglar" in 1888. Her most popular plays have been "Little L^rd 

43 



Fauntleroy," "The Showman's Daughter," "Esmeralda," "The First Gentleman of 
Europe," "Editha's Burglar," "Xixie" and "A Lady of Quality," written in collabo- 
ration with Mr. Townsend. 

Some of Mrs. Burnett's most recent novels are "In Connection with the Wil- 
loughby Claim," 1899: "The Making of a Marchioness," 1901, and "The Little 
Unfairy Princess," 1902. 

Her address in this country is Xo. IT TO Massachusetts avenue, Washington, 
D. C. Her home in England is Maytham Hall, Eolvenden, Kent. 



BYROX, ARTHUR WILLIAM, actor, was born in Brooklyn, April 3, 
18T2. being the son of Oliver, a well known actor, and Mary Kate (Crehan) 
Byron, and a nephew of Ada Eehan, the well known actress. He was 
educated at St. Paul's School, Garden City, Long Island, and made his 
first appearance as an actor Xovember 24, 1889. 

After a long and varied experience in stock and other companies, Mr. Byron 
gradually climbed the ladder until, as leading man, he became associated with the 
companies of John Drew, Mary Mannering, Amelia Bingham, Sol Smith Russell, 
Maxine Elliott and Maude Adams. 

The season of 190o-'06 Mr. Byron played John Burkett Ryder in the Western 
"The Lion and the Mouse" company, impersonating throughout a long run in 
Chicago the character created by Edmund Breese in Xew York, a part in which 
Oliver Byron replaced his son in the fall season of 1906. 

Mr. Byron is a member of the Xew York Athletic Club, The Lambs and The 
Players. His home is at Monmouth Beach, X. J. 



BYRON, OLIVER, was born in Maryland, Xovember 14, 1842. He first 
appeared on the stage as a schoolboy, in "Xicholas Xickleby," with Joseph 
Jefferson at the Holliday Street Theatre, Baltimore, under the manage- 
ment of John T. Ford, on January 21, 1856. He played boy parts with 
Charlotte Cushman and other stars, and was for two seasons with the old Richmond 
Theatre company, Richmond, Ya., with Edwin Adams and John Wilkes Booth. 
After five years of hard study he became a leading man, supporting Edwin Booth 
and acting lago and Othello alternately. 

He supported Charles Dillon, J. H. Hackett, Laura Keene and Mrs. Scott 
Siddons, as Romeo, Macbeth, Ingomar and other characters. He starred in 18TO 
in "Across the Continent." and in the next thirty years played leading roles in all 
the well known romantic dramas. 

To Mr. Byron the stage owes the first appearance of Ada Rehan. It was in 
18T4 that, a member of his "Across the Continent" company falling ill while play- 
ing at Xewark, X. J., he called her in to play the part of the absent one. She 
was then fourteen years old. He subsequently sub-starred her at Wood's Museum 
in "The Thoroughbred" and in "The Rebel." It was her acting in these plays 
that first attracted the attention of Augustin Daly. At her last appearance in Xew 
York Mr. Byron was one of her leading supports. 

The season of 1905-'06 he was with Henry E. Dixey in "The Man on the Box." 
The season of 1906-'OT he played John Biirkett Ryder, in "The Lion and the 
Mouse," under the management of Henry B. Harris. 

Mr. Byron married in 1868 Mary Kate Crehan, a sister of Ada Rehan, the 
actress. 

44 



CAHILL, MISS MARIE (MRS. DANIEL V. ARTHUR), comedienne, 
was born in Brooklyn, X. Y. Xone of her relatives were connected with the 
stage, and she had had no experience when she made her tir<t appearance in 
her native city, at the little theatre where Harley Merry, the famous scenic- 
artist, was conducting a stock company. Her first part was a soubrette role in 
"Kathleen Mavourneen," an Irish romantic drama. The title part was taken by 
Nellie Lingard, a niece of the historian and essayist. 

The first musical play in which Miss Cahill took part was Charles Hoyt's "A 
Tin Soldier." She played the part of Patsy, her work consisting mostly of dancing. 
She next played several parts in the productions of George Lederer, attracting much 
attention by her singing of such songs as "Nancy Brown" and "Under the Bamboo 
Tree." It was her singing of "Xancy Brown" which caused Mrs. J. J. Astor to 
take the entire company to Newport for a private performance. This song furnished 
the title for a musical comedy written by George Broadhurst and Frederick Rankin, 
with music by Silvio Hein and George Hadley. in which Miss Cahill first became a 
star in the season of 1902-'03, under the management of Daniel V. Arthur, whose 
wife she subsequently became. The following season she starred in "Molly Moon- 
shine," by Edwin Milton Royle and George V. Hobart. Miss Cahill scored the 
greatest success of her career as Mary Montgomery, in the musical comedy "Marry- 
ing Mary," produced at Daly's Theatre, New York, in August, 1906. This play 
was originally written for his wife by Edwin Milton Boyle, and produced at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, in 190:5, under the title of "My Wife's Hus- 
bands." Nat Goodwin then played it for a time. Mr. Royle then transformed it 
into a musical comedy, with lyrics by Benjamin Hapgood Burt and music by Silvio 
Hein. Miss Cahill's address is care of D. V. Arthur, Xo. 1402 Broadway. Xew York. 



CAMPBELL, MRS. PATRICK (BEATRICE STELLA), actress, was 
born at Forest House, Kensington, London, England, in 186T. being the 
daughter of John Tanner and Luigia (Eomanini) Tanner. She was edu- 
cated at private schools in England and Paris. In 1884 she was married to 
Patrick Campbell, of Straumer, N. B., the second son of Patrick Campbell, manager 
of the Bank of India at Hong Kong. Her husband was killed in the South African 
war in 1900. She has one son, Alan Urquhart, formerly a cadet in the British Navy 
and now an undergraduate at Oxford, and one daughter. Stella, who recently was 
married at the age of seventeen, her husband being only two years her senior. 

Mrs. Campbell first appeared with the Anomalies Amateur Dramatic Club at 
West Norwood, London, in 1886, and a year later began her professional career, 
touring England with the Ben Greet and Bandmann-Palmer companies. She first 
attracted marked attention by creating the title part in "The Second Mrs. 
Tanqueray" with George Alexander, at St. James's Theatre, London, in 1893. 
She later appeared with Beerbohm Tree in "John O'Dreams," and with John Hare 
in "The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith." In 1896 she played Juliet to the Romeo of 
Forbes Robertson at the Lyceum, and two years later toured Germany with him in 
Shakespearean plays. In 1900 she leased the Royalty Theatre, London, producing 
"The Canary," "Fantasticks," "Beyond Human Power" and several other plays. 

Mrs. Campbell came to this country under the management of Liebler & Co. 
in 1901 and played a six months' engagement in repertoire. The following 
year she made another American tour under Charles Frohman, appearing in "The 
Joy of Living," by Sudermann, and "Aunt Jeannie," by E. F. Benson, among other 
plays. In 1904 she appeared with Sarah Bernhardt, playing "Pelleas and Melisande," 
by Maeterlinck, in French. The same year she made another American tour, with 

45 



an English translation of Sardou's "La Sorciere." In 1905 she again played in 
French with Madame Bernhardt in London and throughout England. 
Mrs. Campbell's London address is No. 33 Kensington Square, W. 



CALVE, MME. EMMA, grand opera prima donna, was born in Aveyron, in 
the South of France, in 1864. Her mother was a French woman and her 
father a Spaniard. He died when she was sixteen years old. She then went 
to Paris to study singing. She made her first public appearance at a 
benefit at Nice in 1881, and made her professional debut the following year at the 
Theatre de la Monnaie, at Brussels, in Massenet's "Herodiade," with indifferent 
success. A tour through Italy followed, and there she saw Duse act. She studied 
the Italian actress' methods, and as a result made her first marked success as Ophelie 
in Thomas's "Hamlet." 

In 1884 she first appeared in Paris, in "Aben Hamet." She achieved her greatest 
successes there at the Opera Comique as Carmen and as Santuzza in "Cavalleria 
Eusticana." She first appeared in London in 1892, at the Royal Italian Opera. She 
made her first appearance in this country on December 20, 1893, at the Metropolitan 
Opera House, New York, as Carmen, and made an instantaneous success. Since 
then she has been with the Abbey, Schoeffel, Grau or the Conried managements 
almost every season. In 1905 she made a tour of the states at the head of a concert 
company, under the management of John Cort. 

Her home is at the Chateau Cabrieres, Cevennes, France. 



CARLE, RICHARD, comedian, was born in Somerville, Mass. He was 
graduated from the High School in that city. He had gained a reputation 
as a platform humorist throughout New England before he made his first 
appearance on the regular stage, supporting James T. Powers and Peter F. 
Dai ley, in "A Straight Tip." His next engagement was with Joe Ott, in "The 
Star Gazer," after which he played in "Excelsior, Jr.," and then made his first 
marked success in "The Lady Slavey." He afterward played principal comedy 
parts in "One Eound of Pleasure," "In Gotham," "A Dangerous Maid," "Yankee 
Doodle Dandy," "A Greek Slave" and his own musical comedy "Mam'selle 'Awkins." 
As a legitimate actor, Mr. Carle made a pronounced success in the part of the 
carpenter, Shossi Shmandrik, in Israel Zangwill's "Children of the Ghetto," pro- 
duced in Washington on September 18, 1899. The following year Mr. Carle went 
to London as a member of the "An American Beauty" company. The play was a 
failure, but when the company presented "The Casino Girl" in its place Mr. Carle 
jumped into popularity with the Britishers. 

Returning to this country, Mr. Carle starred in his own musical comedies, "The 
Mayor of Tokio" and "The Tenderfoot." The fall of 1906 he starred in "The 
Spring Chicken." Mr. Carle's New York home is No. 127 Riverside Drive. 



CARLETON, HENRY GUY, playwright, was born at Fort Union, N. M., 
June 21, 1851. His father was the late General James H. Carleton, U. S. 
A. After being graduated from Clare College, San Francisco, Henry Guy 
Carleton entered the army, but soon resigned, and took up newspaper work 
on "The New Orleans Times" in 1877. There he won his spurs in the yellow fever 
epidemic of 1878. He soon afterwards went to New York, where he quickly earned a 
reputation as a humorist. His first dramatic work was "Memnon," an Egyptian 

46 



tragedy, which was purchased by the late John McCullough, but never produced. 
Other plays by Mr. Carleton, many of which have been successful, are "Victor 
Durand," "A Gilded Fool/' played by Nat Goodwin; "The Butterflies," "The Lion's 
Mouth," and "Ye Early Trouble." 

April 10, 1890, Mr. Carleton, who had married and been divorced, married Miss 
Effie Shannon, the actress. She obtained a divorce from him three years later. 
January 21, 1894, Mr. Carleton married Miss Olive May, a member of John Drew's 
company, then playing "The Butterflies" in Chicago. Mrs. Carleton is a daughter of 
Colonel Gordon A. May, of Chicago, and on her mother's side a grandniece of Daniel 
Webster. Mr. Carleton is a member of The Lambs and The Players, New York. 



CARSON, MURRAY, actor and playwright, was born in London, of Scottish 
parents. As a youth he was secretary to the Eev. Dr. Joseph Parker, of the 
City Temple, London, but, finding the footlights more attractive than the 
pulpit, Mr. Carson, while still in his teens, obtained an engagement with the 
late Wilson Barrett, with whom he played in "Claudian," "The Lord Harry," "Hood- 
man Blind," "The Silver King," "Hamlet" and other plays. Since coming to the 
United States Mr. Carson has written many works in collaboration with Louis N. 
Parker, the best known of which is "Eosemary." In August. 1906, he made his first 
appearance in vaudeville at Keith & Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre, New 
York, in a one act play, "The Point of the Sword." 
Mr. Carson is a membei of The Lambs. 



CARTER, MRS. LESLIE (MRS. WILLIAM LOUIS PAYNE), was 
born in Louisville, Ky.. her maiden name being Miss Caroline Louise Dud- 
ley. On her father's death the family moved to Ohio, where Miss Dudley, 
still in her teens, met Leslie Carter, a wealthy Chicago lawyer, to whom she 
was married at Dayton, May 26, 1880. On May 22, 1889, Mr. Carter obtained a 
divorce. Mrs. Carter then decided to seek a stage career. It was not until she 
met David Belasco that she found a manager who saw in her the possibilities of an 
undeveloped talent. Under his tutelage she studied and worked, untiringly and 
unceasingly, until November 10, 1890, when she made her debut in New York in 
"The Ugly Duckling," by Paul Potter, Mr. Belasco giving her the principal part. 
The result was a failure. More training and hard work on the part of teacher and 
pupil followed, and better results came with the production the following year of 
"Miss Helyett," a comedy with music by Audran. Mrs. Carter played the part of a 
demure Quaker maiden in this for two years, improving constantly, and all the time 
being under Mr. Belasco's personal training. 

In March, 1893, Mrs. Carter left the stage and dropped out of the public eye 
until 1895. These two years had been spent in further study and training in her 
New York apartments. In October of that year she appeared as a star in "The 
Heart of Maryland," written especially to display her talents by Mr. Belasco. In 
this she achieved the success she and Mr. Belasco had worked so long and hard for. 
She played Maryland Calvert in this country for three seasons, until April 9, 1898, 
when Mr. Belasco took the play to the Adelphi Theatre, London. There Mrs. Carter 
appeared as Maryland Calvert 145 times. This was followed by an even greater 
success, "Zaza," written by Mr. Belasco from the French play by Simon and Berton, 
which Eejane produced at the Vaudeville Theatre, Paris. After its initial produc- 
tion in Washington, December 26, 1898, Mrs. Carter was hailed by some critics as 

47 



the American Bernhardt. In April, 1900,, she appeared with great success in "Zaza" 
at the Garrick Theatre, London. 

"Zaza" was followed by "Madame Du Barry," written by Mr. Belasco, which was 
produced first at the New National Theatre, Washington, I). C., December 12, 1901, 
and opened in New York at the Criterion Theatre on December 25. The success of 
this was even more phenomenal than that of "Zaza," Mrs. Carter showing perhaps 
even more talent as an emotional actress than she had in the former play. 

From that time until 1905 Mrs. Carter alternated in playing "Zaza" and 
"Madame Du Barry" to crowded houses all over the country. In 1905 she appeared 
in "Adrea," by Mr. Belasco and John Luther Long, at the Belasco Theatre, New 
York. This was withdrawn in the spring of 1906, and Mrs. Carter rested. In July 
of that year she started from her summer home at Shelter Island, New York, with 
a party of friends in several automobiles on a trip through the New England States. 
In the party were William Louis Payne of New York, an actor, who created the role 
of Mr. Leffingwell in Augustus Thomas's comedy "Mrs. LeffingwelPs Boots," at the 
Lyceum Theatre, New York, in January, 1905, and Mrs. Carter's son by her first 
husband, Leslie Dudley Carter, who is 23 years old. When the party reached Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, Mrs. Carter and Mr. Payne were married in an Episcopal 
church there, the date being July 13, and the rest of the party and the New York 
theatrical world did not know of the marriage until the following day. Mrs. Cartel- 
gave her age on the marriage license as 30. The result of this marriage was that 
Mrs. Carter and Mr. Belasco broke, although he had prepared a new play, in which 
.she was to star, and Mrs. Carter went under the management of Charles B. 
DillinHiam. 



CAWTHORN, JOSEPH, comedian, was born in New York in 1868. He 
first appeared on the stage when he was three years old in a pickaninny 
minstrel entertainment at Eobinson's Hall, New York. In 1872 he and his 
brother Herbert joined Haverly's minstrels and toured the country with 
them for four years, Joseph Cawthorn being Haverly's original "Mastodon." In 
1876 he went to Europe, and for the next four years appeared there in the music 
halls and pantomime shows. Eeturning to the United States in 1880, he played in 
vaudeville until 1883, when he made a joint starring tour with his brother Herbert 
in "Little Nugget." He was next engaged as the principal comedian of Pattl Kosa's 
company, and then appeared for a season in the same capacity with the Gladys 
Wallis company. In 1895 he reappeared as a star in "A Pool for Luck," his 
success in this putting him in the front rank of light comedians. After 
playing the leading comedy parts with Corinne and in "Excelsior, Jr.," with Sadie 
Martinet he played a leading part in "Nature" at the Academy of Music. New 
York, in 1897. A starring tour to the Pacific Coast in "Miss Philadelphia" was 
followed by his engagement for the role of Boris with Miss Alice Nielsen in "The 
Fortune Teller." In 1906 he was the star of John Philip Sousa's comic opera "The 
Free Lance," which had a successful run at the New Amsterdam Theatre. 



CARTON, R. CLAUDE (R. C. CRITCHETT), playwright, was born in 
London about fifty-five years ago, being the son of Dr. George Critchett, a 
well known oculist and brother of Sir G. Anderson Critchett. While playing 
Eosencrantz to the Hamlet of Miss Marriott in Hull in 1876 Mr. Carton 
met and married a daughter of the late Henry Compton (Charles Mackenzie), a 
famous comedian and the founder of one of the best known families of English 

48 



actors. Mr. Carton is best known in America as the author of "Lord and Lady 
Algy," "Liberty Hall," and, more recently, "Mr. Ilopkinson." 

The production of "The Great Pink Pearl" at the Criterion Theatre, London, 
nearly twenty years ago, was Mr. Carton's debut as a playwright. The play was a 
great success, and since then Mr. Carton has devoted himself exclusively to the 
dramatist's art. His best known plays, in addition to those already mentioned, are 
"Sunlight and Shadow," "Eobin Goodfellow," "The Tree of Knowledge," "The 
Home Secretary," "The Squire of Dames." "The White Elephant," "Wheels Within 
Wheels," "The Treasure," "The Pointsman," "Lady Huntworth's Experiment." 
"The Undergraduate," "Public Opinion," "The Rich Mrs. Repton," "A Clean 
Slate," and "The Undercurrent." 

Mr. Carton lives with his wife and one daughter at The Red Lodge, Acton^ near 
London. He is a dapper little man, always faultlessly dressed, and his chief recrea- 
tion is riding and driving. He is a member of the Garrick and the Savage clubs, 
London. 



CART'S, MISS EMMA (MRS. HARRY JAMES EVERALL), come- 
dienne and singer, was born in Berlin, Germany, March 18. 1879. Her 
father. Carl Cams, was a manager, and her mother. Henrietta Rolland, a 
prima donna of some note. Miss Cams sang in public when she was six years 
old, and. coming to this country after completing her musical education, adopted the 
stage as a profession when she was fifteen years old. She appeared in various minor 

parts in light opera and musical comedy 
until 1900, when she played her first 
important part, that of Lady Muriel in 
"The Giddy Throng," replacing Lady 
Francis Hope (May Yohe), at the 
Xew York Theatre, Xew York. 

She became a popular favorite and 
remained a member of the Xew York 
Theatre musical stock company for 
three years, during which she created 
the parts of Nancy in "The King's Car- 
nival" and Jane Bowlingbrook in 
"The Hall of Fame." She was the Mrs. 
Tack Orchard of "The Defender," pro- 
duced at the Herald Square Theatre, 
Xew York; the Countess von Lahn in 
"The Wild Rose" ; the Princess Yo San 
in the burlesque of "The Darling of the 
Gods," "The Darling of the Gallery 
Gods," produced at the Broadway 
Theatre, Xew York, and Mrs. Jane 
Habicomb in "The Medal and the 
Maid." at the Broadway, in the last 
named of which she made popular the 
"Zanzibar" song. The season of 1905- 
'06 she appeared as Lady Peacock in 

"Woodland." She was married June 25, 1905, to Harry James Everall, a Xew York 
business man. Her address is Xo. 200 West 70th Street, Xew York. 




49 




CHASE, MISS EDNA, actress, was born in New York City September 29, 
1888, her parents being Warren E. and Mary Johnson Chase. She was led to 
go on the stage by the success which met her dancing and singing at amateur 
entertainments, being twelve years old when she made her first public appear- 
ance. She made her stage debut on January 
26, 1903, at Weber & Fields's Music Hall, 
New York, in "Twirly Whirly," beginning 
in the chorus. She continued there until 
1905, her work in the mean time having ad- 
vanced her to one of the smaller roles, when 
she went on a vaudeville tour in John 
Mason's "Society Belles," with Miss Lillian 
Doherty. In 1906 she was engaged to play 
Dorothy in "The Tourists." Miss Chase is 
an expert swimmer and horseback rider. 
The prowess of Miss Chase as a horsewoman 
was put to the test in the summer of 1906 by 
an exploit which gained her much notice. 
While visiting her aunt in Sullivan County, 
New York, she undertook to ride a Western 
broncho, and, having no side saddle, she rode 
like a man. Alarmed at the report of a gun, 
her horse ran away on a narrow mountain 

bridle path, and, to add to the danger, the girth of the saddle broke. Miss .Chase 
had such a good grip that the saddle remained in place, but, realizing the peril 
should the horse shy or swerve, she worked herself free of the saddle and dropped 
it to one side. The horse ran fully two miles through the bridle path and then 
came out on a sandy road, and it was only a question of time before it tired 
itself out. 



CHAMBERS, HADDON, playwright, was born at Stanmore, near Sydney, 
Australia, in 1861, being the son of John Ritchie Chambers. Mr. Chambers 
began life as a clerk under his father, who was in the Colonial Civil Service. 
He afterward was a rider on an Australian cattle range. Going to London 
in 1880, Mr. Chambers began a literary career. His first important play was "Cap- 
tain Swift," produced by Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket, London, in 1888. His 
other notable plays are ''The Idler," "John a-Dreams/' "The Tyranny of Tears." 
"The Honorable Herbert," "The Old Lady," "The Awakening" "and "The Golden 
Silence." He is part author of "The Fatal Card," "Boys Together" and "The 
Days of the Duke." 



CHAMBERS, KELLETT, playwright, brother of Haddon Chambers, was 
born in Sydney, Australia. He studied law for a time, but deserted it for 
journalism. In 1888 he went to London, where his brother had already won 
fame as the author of "Captain Swift." He came to this country in 1891 
and engaged in newspaper work in New York and San Francisco. In 1901 he 
married Mrs. Mary Davison, better known to the public as "Kate Carew," carica- 
turist and interviewer, and to artists, under her own name, as a portrait painter. 

Mr. Chambers's first play, "Abigail," was produced at the Savoy Theatre, New 
York, in 1905, Grace George starring in it. His second, "Frenzied Finance," a 

50 



farce, followed at the same theatre. In 1906 he made a four-act stage version of 
Charles Dickens's favorite novel "David Copperfield," which Charles Cartwright 
produced in England under the title "Dan'l Peggotty." Mr. Chambers's address 
is American Dramatists' Club, No. 114 West 40th street, New York. 



CLARK, MISS MARGUERITE, comic opera soubrette, was born in 
Cincinnati, being the daughter of A. J. Clark, a prominent merchant of 
that city. Her parents died before she was eleven years old, and an elder 
sister took charge of her, placing her to be educated in the Brown County 
Convent, Ohio, where she remained for three years. As a child Miss Clark had 
proved herself an entertainer of ability in amateur theatricals and charitable enter- 
tainments, and when she left the convent she decided on a stage career. On the 

advice of J. K. Murray and his wife, Clara 
Lane, with whom she was acquainted, Miss 
Clark joined the chorus of the repertoire 
company with which they were playing in 
Baltimore and made her stage debut in that 
city under the management of Milton Aborn. 
In a short time she was graduated from the 
chorus to a speaking part. After remaining 
with this company several months she went 
to New York, and there accepted a place as 
understudy in George W. Lederer's "Belle 
of Bohemia" company, meanwhile contin- 
uing vocal study. She sang the prim a donna 
role on several occasions, and did it so well 
that she obtained an engagement to play the 
soubrette role in "The Burgomaster." Ap- 
pearances with Dan Daly, in "The New 
Yorkers" and in "The Wild Eose," at the 
Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, led to 

her signing with De Wolf Hopper and playing the role of Polly, in "Mr. Pickwick." 
This part started her on the road to popularity, and her playing of Mataya, the role 
of Delia Fox in the original company, in a revival of "Wang," following an engage- 
ment with the "Babes in Toyland" company, established her place. She made the 
greatest success of her career as Sylvia, with De Wolf Hopper, in De Koven and 
Eankin's comic opera "Happy land," which had a long run at the Lyric Theatre, 
New York, the season of 1905-'06 and on tour the fall season of 1906. 




CLARKE, CRESTON, actor and playwright, the second son of the late 
John Sleeper Clarke and Asia Booth Clarke, and brother of Wilfred Clarke, 
was born in Philadelphia August 30, 1865. In his youth he went with his 
father to London, and there and in Paris received his education. He made 
his first professional appearance at the Adelphi Theatre, London, in the company of 
his uncle, Edwin Booth, his role being that of Francois, in "Eichelieu." From 1882 
to 1886 he played in London and the provinces in the company of his uncle and 
in support of his father. He became a member of Lester Wallack's stock company 
in 1886 in New York, and when it went out of existence joined Augustin Daly's 
stock company. Mr. Clarke organized his own company and made his first appear- 
ance as a star in 1887, opening with "Hamlet" at Eichmond, Va., in which town his 

51 



grandfather, Junius Brutus Booth, made his first appearance in America. For ten 
years Mr. Clarke toured at the head of his own company, playing "The Merchant 
of Venice,'' "Richelieu," "The Fool's Revenge," etc. In 1897 Mr. Clarke pro- 
duced his own romantic play "The Last of His Race.' 7 The season of 1905-'06 Mr. 
Clarke starred in "Monsieur Beaucaire." Mr. Clarke married, April 17, 1895, 
Adelaide Prince, an actress. He is a member of The Players, Xew York. 



CLARKE, HARRY CORSON, comedian, was born in Xew York, being 
the son of H. G. Clarke and Mrs. Adele Clarke. His mother played with 
Edwin Forrest, Charlotte Cushman, E. L. Davenport and Edwin Booth, and 
his grandfather was the stage manager at Barnum's Museum in its palmiest 
days. He began his stage career in' his youth by playing with his mother and 
acting as advance agent for various companies, but made his real debut as an actor 
in 188-i, when he played a part in "The Lights of London." He next played a 
season of repertoire with Maud Granger's company and then appeared in the initial 
production of "Beauty" at Wallack's Theatre, New York. His next role was that 
of the Stage Manager, in "Mam'zelle." For several years thereafter he played in 
various stock companies, it being his boast that he played two hundred and fifty 
eccentric roles in as many consecutive weeks. He has been most successful as 
comedian and stage manager of the stock company at the Lyceum Theatre, Denver, 
and comedian of the Columbia Theatre stock company. San Francisco. With the 
latter company he had two successful seasons in Honolulu. In 1897 he first 
appeared as a star in "What Happened toi Jones." This lasted for three seasons. 
Then he starred in "What Did Tomkins Do?" 



CLARKE, GEORGE, actor, was born in Brooklyn, June 28, 1840. He 
was educated in Richmond, Va. His first appearance on the stage was 
with the Richmond Dramatic Association as the Prince of Wales, in 
"Richard III.," in the old Richmond Theatre, September 8, 1855. "Barn- 
storming" followed until Mr. Clarke was at the old Holliday Theatre, Baltimore, in 
1858. For the next three years he was with P. T. Barnum, at Barnum's Museum, 
Broadway and Ann street, New York. He is the only surviving member of that 
company. In Mrs. John Wood's company he appeared in Augustin Daly's "Break- 
ing a Butterfly," and he played Bob Brierly, in "The Ticket of Leave Man," at the 
New York Theatre under Mark Smith and John Lewis Baker. At the Worrell 
Sisters' New York Theatre he appeared in a dramatization of Henry Ward 
Beecher's "Norwood," by Augustin Daly and Joe Howard. In 1868-'69 he was 
stage manager and leading man with Edwin Forrest, and the following season was 
at Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre, in 24th street. New York. He was next with 
Lester Wallack for a short time, and left him to take the management of Lina 
Edwin's Theatre, opposite the New York Hotel. 

In the fall of 1871 Mr. Clarke joined the late W. J. Florence's company for his 
production of "Eileen Oge" at the Grand Opera House, New York, and finished 
that season at the Varieties Theatre, New Orleans, Lawrence Barrett being stage 
manager 'and little Minnie Maddern, now Mrs. Fiske, being the child of the com- 
pany, which included Stuart Robson and Augustus Pitou. In 1873 Mr. Clarke 
again joined Augustin Daly at the Fifth Avenue Theatre. The following year, 
after the New Year's matinee, the theatre was destroyed by fire. After supporting 
Mrs. Clara Rousby at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, Mr. .Clarke went to England, 
where he played in "Proof Positive," at the London Opera Comique. and with 

52 



Charles Wyndham in "Pink Dominoes." He also toured the country as dm. in 
"The Shaughraun." 

In the fall of 1879. after appearing in "Rescued," under the management of 
Dion Boucicault at Booth's Theatre. Mr. Clarke produced "Hearts of Steel" at 
Xihlo's Garden. Xew York. In January, 1882, Mr. Clarke joined Miss Fannie Daven- 
port's company. He was in the cast of "American Born." produced by Charles 
Frohman at Havlin's Theatre, Chicago. In May, 1884, lie played Inspector Byrnes. 
in "The Pulse of Xew York," at the Star Theatre. In 188o-'86 he was at Wallack's 
Theatre. He next enlisted under the banner of Augustin Daly, remaining with 
him until the manager's death in 1897. Mr. Clarke's last engagement was as 
Senator Bender of Oregon, in "The Embassy Ball." produced in the spring of 1906 
by Charles Frohman at Daly's Theatre. Xew York. Mr. Clarke died on October 
3, 1906. 



CHERRY, CHARLES, actor, was born in England, none of his relatives 
ever having been connected with the stage. He began business as a banker's 
clerk in London, after having graduated from Oxford University. He 
was an enthusiastic amateur actor, taking even more pleasure in facing the 
footlights than in counting five-pound notes, and after playing several leading parts 
successfully he determined to adopt the stage as a profession. After some experi- 
ence in England, playing small parts in several companies and gradually winning 

his way from "juvenile leads" to parts of 
importance, he came to this country in 1899, 
opening at Wallack's Theatre. Xew York, 
in "A Kay of Sunshine." He was then lead- 
ing man with Mary Mannering for a season, 
and with Henrietta Crosman. in "The Sword 
of the King," and Elsie I)e Wolfe, in 
"Cynthia." The season of 1903 he began an 
engagement as leading man in support of 
Maxine Elliott, which position he has since 
retained, playing with her in "Her Own 
Way" and "Her Great Match." 

Within the last two years Mr. Cherry has 
also played in London with Ethel Barry- 
more, in "Cynthia" ; with Miss Elliott, in 
"Her Own Way," and with Mr. and Mrs. 
Forbes Robertson, in "Mice and Men." He 
goes to England in the spring of each year, 
returning to this country for the fall season. 
Mr. Cherry's Xew York address is The Broztell, Fifth avenue and 27th street. 



CHEATHAM, MISS KITTY, actress, was born in Xashville, Term., 
being the daughter of Colonel Eichard Cheatham, three times Mayor of 
Xashville, and a granddaughter of General Richard Cheatham. She began 
her stage career in 1887 by playing Daisy Brown, in "The Professor." and 
the same year was engaged by Colonel McCaull to understudy Miss Bertha Ricci, 
the prima donna of his opera company. Before the season was over Miss Cheatham 
had succeeded Miss Ricci and sang the principal parts in "Falka" and "The Black 
Hussar." Miss Cheatham's first appearance in Xew York was at the Casino, where 

53 




she appeared as Cerise, in "Erminie," in the long run of that opera. She next 
became a member of Augustin Daly's company and went to the front in that as 
Bizarre, in "The Inconstant." Among her other roles were Titania, in "A Mid- 
summer Night's Dream," and Jaquenetta, in "Love's Labor's Lost." She was the 
original Winn}', in "The Last Word." 

Miss Cheatham remained many years with the Daly organization, and after 
leaving it played many leading parts. Of late she has devoted herself chiefly to 
public readings and charitable performances. The summer of 1906 Miss Cheatham 
gave dramatic recitals in Europe, returning to New York in August. 



COGHLAN, MISS GERTRUDE EVELYN (MRS. AUGUSTUS 
PITOU, JR.), actrass, was born in England in 1876, being the daughter 
of the late Charles Coghlan, the well known actor, and niece of Miss Eose 
Coghlan. She inherited her father's talents, and was a student at the Art 
School of South Kensington, London, where she became proficient in black and 
white drawing and in water color painting. Coming to this country with her 
father. Miss Coghlan made her first appearance on any stage as Mion, in "Diplo- 
macy," at Detroit. January 16, 1893, when she was seventeen years old. Her debut 
was in the nature of an accident, for one of the actresses in the company was taken 
suddenly ill and Miss Coghlan took her place. She was so successful in this that 
her father began at once to prepare her for a stage career. Her training completed, 
she played important parts in many companies, and was for a time leading woman 
at Proctor's Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. The season of 1905-'06 Miss 
Coghlan played Shirley Eossmore with the Western "Lion and the Mouse" com- 
pany, which had a long run at the Illinois Theatre, Chicago. She was married to 
Augustus Pitou, Jr., a son of the well known New York theatrical manager, on July 
1, 1906, the marriage being kept secret for a time. 



COGHLAN, MISS ROSE (MRS. JOHN T. SULLIVAN), actress, was 
born in Peterborough, England, in 1853. Her father wa* Francis Coghlan, 
publisher of Coghlan's Continental Guides and a friend of Charles Dickens. 
Her brother was the late Charles Coghlan, the well known actor. Her 
sister-in-law, when Eose was little more than a child, put her on the stage, her first 
appearance being as one of the witches in "Macbeth," in Grreenwich, Scotland. Soon 
afterward she won favor as Tilly Price in a stage version of "Nicholas Nickleby" 
at the Court Theatre, on her first appearance in London. After she had played 
engagements with Adelaide Neilson and J. L. Toole, E. A. Sothern brought her to 
this country in 1871, and she made her first appearance in a dramatization of "The 
Woman in White," by Wilkie Collins. She then played a season with the Lydia 
Thompson English Burlesquers at Wallack's Theatre, New York. In 1873 she 
returned to England to support the late Charles Mathews. After a season with 
John Hare Miss Coghlan supported Barry Sullivan, the tragedian, in Shakespearian 
parts, one of her principal roles being that of Viola, in "Twelth Night." She was 
in the original cast of "East Lynne," at the St. James's Theatre, and created the 
part of Lady Manden, in "All for Her." 

In 1877 Miss Coghlan returned to this country to be leading woman of Lester 
Wallack's Theatre. Her first role was Clarissa Harlowe. Her greatest success 
during the nine years she remained with Wallack was as Stephanie, in Herman 
Merrivale's "Forget-Me-Not." She also achieved distinction in "A Scrap of 
Paper," "The World/' "The Silver King" and "Moths." The last performance of 

54 



the famous stock company at Wallack's was on May 5, 1888, when Miss Coghlan 
played Lady Teazle, in "The School for Scandal." She was also the Player Queeen 
in the star cast which appeared in "Hamlet," May 21, 1887, to mark Lester 
Wallack's retirement from the stage. 

Returning to England in 1892, Miss Coghlan played the Countess Zicka in a 
revival of "Diplomacy," and two years later was seen in this country in Oscar 
Wilde's "A Woman of No Importance." In 1895 Miss Coghlan starred in 
"Diplomacy" and "Forget-Me-Xot," her husband. John T. Sullivan, being her 
leading man. She obtained a divorce from him a few years ago. The last two 
seasons Miss Coghlan starred in sketches in the vaudeville houses. 

In July, 1902, Miss Coghlan became a naturalized American citizen, and engaged 
in stock raisins on her ranch in Montana. 



COHAN, GEORGE M., actor, manager, playwright and song writer, was 
born in Providence, R. I.. July 4, 1878. His father was Jerry J. and his 
mother Helen P. Cohan, both of whom were well known on the stage and 
are now playing in their son's company. He was ten years old when, in 
the city of his birth, he made his first stage appearance in a play written by his 
father and in a company of which his mother was the business manager and 
treasurer. The same season he appeared in his first musical specialty, playing the 

violin at Haverstraw, Xe\v York. The two 
following seasons he toured the country with 
his father and mother in a play written by 
his father, "The Two Barneys." " In 1890 he 
played the Boy, in "Peck's Bad Boy." Soon 
afterward the Four Cohans, father, mother, 
George and his sister, Miss Josephine, took 
the vaudeville field and became one of the 
most successful of the headliners. One of 
George M. Cohan's first essays in the play- 
writing line was the sketch "The Wise Guy," 
played by the Pour Cohans. "The Gover- 
nor's Son," later lengthened into a three act 
plav, was another which served them well. 

His first complete play was "Running for 
Office," in which the Four Cohans headed 
their own company. It was with "Little 
Johnny Jones," however, that Mr. Cohan 
achieved his first great popular success as a 

writer of comedy and music and as a comedian. This musical comedy was first pro- 
duced October 10y 190-i, and was played continuously until April 12. 1906. It made 
a fortune for its author, who was also its owner, manager and star. This was fol- 
lowed by another musical comedy, equally as successful, "Forty-five Minutes from 
Broadway," first produced September 25, 1905, of which Mr. Cohan was again the 
author. 

In February, 1906, Mr. Cohan staged his fifth play, another musical comedy, 
"George Washington, Jr.," first produced at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. 
"Popularity," produced at the Lyceum Theatre. Rochester, X. Y., in the fall of 
1906, was the first of Mr. Cohan's plays without a musical setting. He has been a 
most prolific song writer, and his melodies have -been whistled by the public from 

55 




the Atlantic to the Pacific. He married Ethel Levey, an actress, who now appears 
with him in his plays. He is to-day one of the most prominent managers in Xew 
York, Samuel H. Harris being his partner. His Xew York address is Cohan & 
Harris, Xew Amsterdam Theatre Building. 



COLLIER, WILLIAM, actor, was born in 1868. When he was ten years 
old he ran away from school to join a juvenile "Pinafore" company, from 
which he received a salary of $3.50 a week, with $1.50 extra for handling 
baggage. In the company he was understudy for Arthur Dunn, who played 
Dick Deadeye, but before the season closed Collier had gone on for nearly every 
part in the opera, including Josephine and Little Buttercup. Although his parents 
were players, they forced the boy to go to school until 1882, when he got a place 
as call boy at Augu?tin Daly's Theatre. During the six years he stayed there 
he played several small parts, among them being the page in "Taming of the 
Shrew"; Starveling, in "A Midsummer Xight's Dream," and Simple, in "The 
Merry Wives of Windsor." In the character of a dude, and without a line to 
speak, in "Samson and Goliath," Mr. Collier appeared to such advantage that he 
was engaged by John Russell, manager of "The City Directory" company, and 
opened in the parts of the Elevator Boy and the Stage Manager. In the latter he 
had only six lines to speak, but he developed the character until it became the 
principal one in the piece. He could not do a step of dancing, but, finding it 
necessary, practised until he became one of the most original dancers on the stage. 
Mr. Collier for years played eccentric comedy parts in the Hoyt farces, and it 
was not until 1901 that he became a star. His "work in "The Man from Mexico" 
and in "Mr. Smooth" led to his appearance as such in that je&r at the Madison 
Square Theatre, Xew York, February 11, in "On the Quiet," by Augustus Thomas. 
Mr. Collier played this comedy for two seasons, and then joined the forces of 
Weber & Fields at their Xew York Music Hall. Subsequently he took "On the 
Quiet" to London, where he was successful. Returning to this country, Mr. Collier 
was starred in several comedies which failed. In the spring of 1906 he sailed with 
his own company for Australia, after an exciting experience in San Francisco during 
the earthquake and fire. 

Some years ago Mr. Collier married Louise Allen, a comedy actress, wno ap- 
peared with him in many of his successes. They were legally separated in 1905. 



COXRIED, HEINRICH, manager and Metropolitan Opera House director, 
was born at Bielitz, Silesia, Austria, on September 13, 1855, being the son 
of Joseph and Gretchen Conried. His father was the proprietor of a large 
yarn factory. He .made his debut at the Burg Theatre, Vienna, on Feb- 
ruary 23, 1873. He remained there for over two years, and then went to the 
Xational Theatre, in Berlin. When Dr. Foerster became chief stage manager of 
the Leipzig Stadt Theatre he engaged Mr. Conried to play leading roles. He was 
not twenty-one when he became manager of the Stadt Theatre, at Bremen. His 
success there was so marked that it attracted the attention of Adolph Xeu^ndorff, 
then manager of the Germania Theatre, Xew York, and he engaged Mr. Conried 
as chief stage manager. Thus it was in 1878 that Mr. Conried first faced an 
American audience. In 1881 he was engaged as stage director of the Thalia 
Theatre, and soon afterward he undertook its management with Karl Hermann. 
In 1882 he became artistic manager of the Casino, .Xew York. "Xanon," 
"Amorita," "The Gypsy Baron." "Poor Jonathan" and "Apollo" being produced 

56 



there under his direction. In 1893 he took the management of the Irving Place 
Theatre (then known as Amberg's Theatre). Up to February 23. 1898, when he 
celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of his entrance on the stage, he had pre- 
sented 270 plays at the Irving Place Theatre. In 1904, when Maurice Grau 
retired as director of the Metropolitan Opera House, Mr. Conried was chosen by 
the stockholders to become his successor. Mr. Conried married in Xew York., in 
1888. Augusta Sperling. He is a graduate of the Obercalschule, Vienna, and has 
received the degree of A. M. from the University of Pennsylvania. He has been 
decorated with the Order of the Crown by Germany, the Crown of Knighthood 
of the Franz Josef Order by Austria, the Order of Art and Science by Italy and 
Belgium,, and the Order of the Crown by the King of Italy. He is a member of 
the Board of Germanic Languages and Literature of Harvard University and 
Vassar College. He lives at Xo. 65 West 71st street, Xew York, and has a summer 
home at Asbury Park, X. J. 



CORBETT, JAMES J., actor, was born in San Francisco, in September, 
1866. His father, Patrick Corbett, came from Ireland in 1854 and settled 
in Xew Orleans. He married in 1858 and went to San Francisco. James 
J. Corbett was graduated at the age of sixteen from the Sacred Heart Col- 
lege in San Francisco and obtained a place as a clerk in the Xevada Bank, where 
he remained until, as a member of the Olympic Athletic Club, he developed remark- 
able skill as a boxer. Becoming a professional pugilist, he attained extraordinary 
popularity and became the champion heavyweight of the world by knocking out 
John L. Sullivan in Xew Orleans, September 7, 1892. After playing in vaudeville 
sketches and athletic parts in various plays, he made his first appearance on the 
stage as a star in a play Avritten for him and called "Gentleman Jack," in Elizabeth, 
X. J., October 2, 1892. Since then he has appeared chiefly in sketches at vaude- 
ville houses. In the fall of 1905 Mr. Corbett appeared in "Cashel Byron's Pro- 
fession," by George Bernard Shaw, at Daly's Theatre, Xew York, but the play was 
a failure. 



CORINNE, - , comic opera prima donna, was born Christmas Day, 
1875, in Boston, and made her first public appearance four years later at 
the Boston Xational Baby Show. She was adopted a year later by Mrs. 
Jennie Kimball, an actress, who was the wife of Thomas Flaherty, a piano 
dealer of Boston. Mrs. Kimball exploited "The Little Corinne" as a child actress 
from the time she was six years old, making continuous tours all over the country, 
but maintaining a home in Philadelphia and perpetually fighting Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children societies. Corinne's first part was Little Buttercup, in "Pina- 
fore," but when she was still a child she starred in the prima donna roles in 
"Olivette," "'The Mascotte" and dozens of light operas. She made her most con- 
spicuous success when she was fifteen in "Monte Cristo, Jr.," which was produced 
in Xew York in 1888. 

The mystery concerning the parentage of Corinne (she has never been known by 
any other name) was carefully fostered by Mrs. Kimball for advertising purposes, 
and at various times it was given out that she was the offspring of derelict nobility 
and had been snatched from dreadful surroundings by Mrs. Kimball; that she was 
an octoroon, and that she was the daughter of H. E. Jacobs and an Italian wife, 
although the well known manager never had an Italian wife. 

Mrs. Kimball died in her private car at the Union Station, St. Paul, Minn., 

57 



March 23, 189G, and it was then said that she had left Corinne a large fortune, the 
proceeds of profits from the Kimhall Opera Company, which for years she had 
managed with Corinne as the star. Since then Corinne has played many engage- 
ments in musical comedies and in vaudeville. In the fall of i906 she was starred 
in the part originally played by Miss Fay Templeton in "Forty-five Minutes from 
Broadway.'' 



COULTER, FRAZER, actor, was born at Smiths Falls, near Kingston, 
'Canada, August 20, 1848. He adopted the stage permanently in 1875, 
having previously played in several amateur performances and in a few 
scattered legitimate productions. His early stage training was a varied 
one, appearances with Mrs. Sheridan Shook, as Joseph Surface, in "Lady Teazle"; 
as Phileas Fogg, in "Around the World in Eighty Days," at the old Xiblo's Garden ; 
the leading juvenile role in Mrs. Bartley Campbell's "'The Vigilantes" and support 

of stars like John Owens, John Gilbert, Law- 
rence Barrett, Fanny Davenport and Fred- 
erick Warde giving him a liberal education. 
In 1879-'80 he was with Stuart Eobson and 
William H. Crane, appearing with them in 
"A Comedy of Errors," "Sharps and Flats" 
and other of the earlier plays which made 
Crane and Robson so successful as a team. 
Mr. Coulter played the part of Lord Travers 
in the original production of "Hazel Kirke" 
and supported Thomas W. Keene as leading 
heavy man in that actor's first starring tour. 
In 1882 he was a member of the Boston 
Theatre stock company, appearing there as 
the Spider, in "The Silver King." He waS 
Miss Rose Coghlan's leading man the first 
year she appeared as a star, and then for two 
years was a member of the famous Boston 
Museum stock company, appearing there with 

.Richard Mansfield in the original production of "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." In a 
period of two consecutive weeks at the Boston Museum he played fourteen different 
roles, a new one every night. He played in "Harbor Lights" in its seventeen weeks' 
run in Boston, and was the Count Orloff of "Diplomacy" in its production at the 
Herald Square Theatre in New York. Later appearances have been in "Sporting 
Life," at the Academy of Music, New York, and with Robert Bdeson. In the 
spring of 1906 he played ex-Judge Stott, in "The Lion and the Mouse," in its long 
run at the Lvceum Theatre. Xew York. 



COWLES, EUGENE, opera singer and actor, was born in Stanstead, 
Quebec, Canada, being the son of Dr. C. W. Cowles. He went to Chicago 
as a youth to become a clerk in the First National Bank. While there he 
sang in church choirs. In 1888 he joined the Bostonians, at Ford's Theatre, 
Baltimore, making his first appearance on the professional stage as Squire Bantam, 
in Stevenson and Cellier's comic opera "Dorothy." 

For ten years Mr. Cowles sang the principal basso parts with the Bostonians, 
making his most noted success as Will Scarlett, in Smith and De Koven's "Robin 

58 




Hood." On the dissolution of the organization Mr. Cowles became leading man 
of the Alice Nielsen Opera Company, playing in "The Fortune Teller' in 1898. 
He also sang in grand opera in London. His last engagement was in the comic 
opera "The Alcalde/' produced at the Grand Opera House, Chicago, under the 
management of J. K. Hackett. June, 190(5. Mr. Cowles lias composed many songs, 
the best known being "Forgotten," "Once in a Purple Twilight" and "Crossing 
the Bar." 

Mr. Cowles married Miss Louise Cleary, May 23. 1898. His home is in Derby 
Line, Vt. 



COURTLEIGH, WILLIAM, actor, was born in Guelph, Ontario, and 
reared and educated in St. Louis, Mo. \Vhile studying law at Washington 
University he became a member of the McCullough Club, an amateur 
dramatic organization, and before he was twenty years old he had attracted 
attention as an amateur actor. The manager of a road company, impressed by Mr. 
Courtleigh's talents, offered him a place and asked him to construct a melodrama 
from a scenario he already had in hand. Mr. Courtleigh built the play (it was 

called "Brother and Sister"), gave up his law 
books and signed a contract with the man- 
ager. After a season with John Dillon's 
company, Fanny Davenport engaged Mr. 
Courtleigh to play the roles of Jean de 
Sereux, in "Fedora," and Thyseno, in "Cleo- 
patra." He also had an important part in 
"La Tosea," and it was in Miss Davenport's 
company that he first appeared in Broadway, 
New York. 

His next engagement was with Augustin 
Daly's stock company, he appearing with that 
organization in "Taming of the Shrew" and 
in "The Foresters" with Ada Rehan. He 
succeeded Eobert Hilliard as the hero of 
"Blue Jeans," played the leading role in "In 
Old Kentucky," and was leading man for 
Helen Dauvray in "That Sister of His" in 
succession, and then followed Wilton Lack- 
aye in the principal role in "The District 

Attorney." He was the John Swiftwind of "Northern Lights," the first of the 
Indian plays. With the company of Margaret Mather and E. J. Henley he played 
Posthumus, in "Cymbeline" ; Romeo, to Miss Mather's Juliet ; Rudolph, in "Leah," 
and Orlando, in "As You Like It." After appearing in the title role in "The 
Man of Honor," he was engaged by Daniel Frohman for the Lyceum Theatre Stock 
Company. He first appeared at the Lyceum in "The Princess and the Butterfly," 
and when James K. Hackett became ill Mr. Courtleigh took his place in the leading 
role in that play. After appearing in "The Tree of Knowledge," "Sporting Life" 
and "Trelawney of the Wells," he supported William H. Crane, in "A Rich Man's 
Son," and was the King Charles of Henrietta Crosman's production of "Mistress 
Nell." He also played John Ridd, in the production of "Lorna Doone," which 
ran eight weeks at the Grand Opera House, Chicago. 

He next starred in "Lost River," supported Virginia Harned, in "Alice of Old 
Vincennes," and Maxine Elliott, in "Her Own Way." He also supported Clara 

59 




Bloodgood, in "The Coronet of the Duchess/' and James K. Hackett, in "The 
Fortunes of the King." In the summers of 1904 and 1905 he headed stock com- 
panies in Providence, E. I., and Boston, Mass. In 1906, after being featured in the 
unsuccessful "The Eedemption of David Corson" and playing Charles Hawtrey's 
part in "The Lucky Miss Dean," he went into vaudeville with K. C. MacCulloch's 
one act play "The Third Degree." In this Mr. Courtleigh assumed eight different 
roles. Mr. Courtleigh is married, and has a son, William Courtleigh, Jr. He is 
president of the Actors' Society of America and a member of The Players, The 
Lambs and Green Eoom Club. His home is at No. 304 Second avenue, New York. 



CRABTREE, MISS CHARLOTTE (LOTTA), actress, was born in 
Grand street, New York, November 7, 1847. Her father and mother had 
emigrated from Lancashire, England. Previous to going to San Fran- 
cisco, in 1851, her father kept a book store in Nassau street. When she 
was nine years old Lotta began singing in public resorts in California settlements, 
her first appearance being at Laporte, in Babbit Valley, Sierra County, at a concert 
given by an amateur violinist, an Italian named Bona. Her first real appearance 
as an actress was at Petaluma, in 1858, as Gertrude, in "The Loan of a Lover" 
For two or three years following she travelled about California with her mother, 
both being members of a vaudeville troupe. In San Francisco, as a child, she 
appeared at Wilrert's Melodeon, her usual reward being a shower of gold pieces 
flung to the stage by the miners in the audience. Her earliest successes were made 
as Paul, in "The Pet in Petticoats"; as Liddy Larrigan, in "Family Jars." and as 
Little Nell, in "The Old Curiosity Shop." 

Lotta's first appearance in New York was at Niblo's Garden in 1864. Three 
years later she leaped into popularity as the feature of a summer season at Wai- 
lack's, playing the Marchioness to the Dick Swiveller of J. C. Williamson. Then 
followed seasons of great success at Niblo's, the Olympic and at Booth's Theatre. 
In 1883 Lotta visited London, playing "Musette" there, December 22, under the 
management of Harry Jackson, at the ftpera Comique. This Avas a failure, but a 
month later she gained appreciation in Little Nell and the Marchioness. 

Prominent among the many parts played by Lotta were Fanny Gribbles, in "An 
Object of Interest"; Tartarin, in "The Seven Sisters"; Jennie Leatherlungs, in 
"Jennie Lind" ; Judy, in "Ireland as It Was" ; Sam Willoughby, in "The. Ticket- 
of-Leave Man"; Captain Klopper, in "Catching the Governor"; Andy Blake, in 
"The Female Detective"; Nancy, in "Irish Assurance"; Kip, La Cigale, Poca- 
hontas, Fanchon, Dick Wastrell, in "Old London," and Nan, in "Nan, the Good for 
Nothing." 

Lotta met with a serious accident while playing in Newark, N. J., in 1890, and 
has now practically retired from the stage. Her home is at No. 59 West 51st 
street, New York. She has a summer place at Lake Hopatcong, N. J. 



CRANE, WILLIAM H., actor, was born in Leicester, Mass., April 30, 1845. 
His family soon afterward moved to Boston, and there, at the old Brim- 
mer School, which overlooks the stage entrance to the Hollis Street 
Theatre, the boy Crane was sent to be educated. He was better at 
mimicking his fellows and his teacher than at his lessons, because he would mimic 
and would not study. One vacation his father got him a job in a music publishing 
house. Nothing seemed to go right in the store after Crane entered it. All of 
the employes appeared to have a great deal to do in the basement. The proprietor 

o 



i'ound that young Crane was the magnet. As often as lie could the youth would give 
imitations of the actors lie had seen, for he was passionately fond of the theatre, 
and would sing the songs which were popular at the time. He lost his joh. One 
day a playmate asked him if he could sing. Crane said ''Yes." ''Come and see 
my mother, then," said the hoy. "and maybe you can come with us. \\'e are actors." 
The hoy's mother was Mrs. Harriet Holmau. who had been a celebrated actress in 
her time. She had formed a little company of her own. and used to tour the 
country, presenting a repertoire of plays, farces, pantomimes and operettas. In 
the company were three of her own children. Perugini was also a member, and so 
were William Davidge, Jr., Charles Drew and others who became prominent on the 
stage. After Mrs. Holman had heard Crane sing she sent for his father, and the 
result was that the youth was apprenticed to her, he to give his services in return 
for his training and hoard. 

Crane made his first appearance in public in Mechanics" I fall, Vtiea, X. Y.. on 
July 13. 1803. as the Xotary. in "The Daughter of the Regiment." For eight 
years he remained with the Holman company, and it was eight years of hard work. 
In those days a bill of an evening would as a rule include a little farce, a comedy, a 
pantomime and a one act operetta, and in addition to appearing in all of them 
Crane would sing and dance between acts. Leaving the Hoi mans. Crane became 
the low comedian of the Alice Gates company. Mr. Crane believes that Mrs. Gates 
was the first to start the musical comedy idea. She would insert in some of the 
comedies airs from the operas, and her success was pronounced. Between seasons 
with this company Crane went to Boston, and was the first of many comedians to 
play the part of Le Blanc, in "Evangel inc." 

After being low comedian in the Hooley Stock Company, of Chicago. Crane 
took a part in a play called "Our Boarding House," produced at the Park Theatre, 
in Xew York. In the company Crane met Stuart Robson. At the end of the sea- 
son the two men decided to star together, which they did with success for a number 
of years. They made a number of important productions, and staged "The Comedy 
of Errors," "The Merry Wives of Windsor" and other classical plays. Y'ears ago 
the best seats in the theatres around the country were sold for a dollar. Eobson 
and Crane made the first advance on this price while they were presenting "The 
Comedy of Errors." They made the price of the best seats for their performances 
a dollar and a quarter. One of their best remembered successes was "The Hen- 
rietta." The actors separated in 1889, since which time Mr. Crane has devoted 
himself almost exclusively to the production of American plays. Among these have 
been "Xewport," by Clinton Stuart ; "The Senator," by David D. Lloyd and Sydney 
Rosenfeld; "On Probation," by George H. Jessop and Brander Matthews; "For 
Money," by Claj' M. Greene and Augustus Thomas; "The American Minister," by 
Paul M. Potter; "Brother John," by Martha Morton; "The Pacific Mail," by Paul 
M. Potter; "His Wife's Father," by Martha Morton; "A Fool of Fortune," by Martha 
Morton; "A Virginia Courtship," by E. W. Presbrey; "Worth a Million," by Mr. 
Presbrey; "The Head of the Family?' by Clyde Fitch and Leo Ditrichstein ; "Peter 
Stuyvesant," by Brander Matthews and Bronson Howard; "A Rich Man's Son," 
by Michael Morton ; "David Harum," a dramatization of the novel ; "The 
Spenders," a dramatization of the novel; "Business Is Business," by Octave Mira- 
beau, and "The American Lord," by George II. Broadhurst and C. T. Dazey, the 
last named of which he appeared in at the Hudson Theatre, Xew York, in the 
spring of 1900. 

On August 29, 1900, Mr. Crane created the part of Joseph Trimblett, in "The 
Price of Money," a comedy by Alfred Sutro, produced at the Garrick Theatre. Xew 
York. He is a member of many clubs, including The Lambs and The Players. 

61 



CROSMAN, MISS HENRIETTA (MRS. MAURICE CAMPBELL), 
actress, was born in Wheeling, W. Ya., September 2, 1871, her father, 
Major George H. Crosman, U. S. A., being stationed near that city. Her 
mother, Mary B. Wick, was a member of the Youngstown, Ohio, family of 
that name, one of the most prominent and wealthy in that part of the United 
States, and niece of Stephen C. Foster, the composer of "My Old Kentucky Home" 
and other famous songs. Miss Crosman was educated at the Moravian Seminary, 
Bethlehem, Pa. She made her first stage appearance as a member of a stock com- 
pany at the Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio. She met and married there J. Sedley 
Brown, an actor and playwright. Her first appearance in New York was at the 
Madison Square Theatre, in "The Rajah," after which she travelled with various 
companies and for one season supported Robert Downing. After being with the 
Lyceum Theatre stock company, New York, in 1889 Miss Crosman appeared with 
Augustin Daly's company as Celia, in "As You Like It." She afterward rejoined 
the Lyceum company and played in "The Charity Ball" and "The Idler." She 
was in the original cast of "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows," at Proctor's Theatre, New 
York. 

The season of 1892 Miss Crosman played in "The Junior Partner" and 
"Gloriana," at Herrmann's Theatre, under the management of Charles Frohman, 
making conspicuous successes in each. In 1896 she obtained a divorce from Mr. 
Brown and the custody of their only son, then nine years old. The following 
year she was married to Maurice Campbell. In 1899 Miss Crosman was in Bartley 
Campbell's "White Slave" company, and later played leads with Robert Downing. 
After seasons with Augustin Daly she began starring under the management of her 
husband, the first play being "One of Our Girls," by Bronson Howard. The next 
was "Mistress Nell," by George C. Hazleton, produced at the Bijou Theatre. New 
York, in October, 1900, which ran for two years. This was followed by a New 
York run of one hundred nights in "As You Like It," after which came "The 
Sword of the King," which ran the greater part of a season in New York. In 1904 
she appeared at the Belasco Theatre, New York, in "Sweet Kitty Bellairs," a 
dramatization of "The Bath Comedy," by Alice and Egerton Castle, which ran for 
two seasons in New York. 

Plays which followed were "Madeleine," "Nance Oldfield." "Mary, Mary. Quite 
Contrary," and her latest comedy, "All-of-a-Sudden Peggy," 1906. 

Miss Crosman is fond of golfing, rowing, shooting and horseback riding. 



DARK, STANLEY, actor, was born in London, England, May 15, 1874, 
being the son of Henry Sidney and Marie Dark. He is a nephew of 
Georgina Burns, a well known English prima donna, and of Cora Stuart, 
wife^of T. W. Robertson, the son of the author of "Caste," "School" and 
other plays. Stanley Dark made his first professional appearance at the Palace 
Theatre, Manchester, England, in a one act play, "The Fair Equestrian," with 
Cora Stuart. He next toured the English provinces as Sir Christopher Deering, in 
"The Liars." His first marked success was as Joseph Surface, in "The School for 
Scandal," with Miss Fortescue. 

He came to this country April 11, 1901, and became leading man for Blanche 
Bates, playing Bertie Cecil, in "Under Two Flags," at the Garden Theatre, New 
York. He was a member of the Empire stock company the season of 1901-'02, 
and afterward was with Virginia Harned in "Iris," "The Light That Lies in 
Woman's Eyes," "Camille" and "La Belle Marseillaise." He played with Mary 
Mannering in "Nancy Stair," and in 1905 played Jermyn Rycroft, in Henry Miller's 

62 



production of Henry Arthur Jones's comedy ''Joseph Entangled," at the Garrick 
Theatre, Xew York. He created the role of the Duke of Claire, in Louis K. 
Anspacher's comedy "The Embarrassment of Kiches," produced at Wallack's Theatre, 
New York, May 14, 1906. He also appeared the season of 190o-'06 iu "Mizpah,"' 
"The Embassy Ball" and "La Belle Marseillaise/"' He i.s a member of The Players, 
New York. On June 30, 1906, Mr. Dark married Eva Dennison, an actress. 



DAILEY, PETER F., actor, was born in Xew York in 1868. He made 
his first appearance at the Globe Theatre, Xew York, in 18TG. when he 
hit the popular fancy as a dancer with a barndoor reel. He then joiaed 
Whitney's circus, playing clown and doing a jumping act. In 18?? a 
vaudeville troupe called "The American Four" was organized. In this, with Mr. 
Dailey, were Pettengill, Gale and Hoey. The success of this variety quartette was 
extraordinary. Each member won popularity, and as a team "The American Four" 

was a "star turn" for eight years. Mr. Dailey 
joined the Boston Howard Athenaeum com- 
pany in 1885, and remained with that organi- 
zation three years. He then made his first 
appearance on the legitimate stage as leading 
comedian in Kate Castleton's company. 
After playing Le Blanc, in "Evangeline." for 
a season, he was joint star with James T 
Powers, in "A Straight Tip." Then Mr. 
Dailey starred in "A Country Sport" and 
"The' Night Clerk." May Irwin was lead- 
ing woman. He next became a member of 
the Weber & Fields company, playing many 
parts in the popular Xew York burlesque 
house. He afterward starred in a musical 
comedy called "Hodge, Podge ev, Co." The 
seasons of 1905-'06 he starred in "The Press 
Agent," also appearing at the head of a com- 
pany playing the same musical comedy some- 
what altered the season of 1906-'()?. His Xew York home is at Xo. 214 West 
92d street. 




DALY, ARNOLD (PETER CHRISTOPHER ARNOLD DALY), 
actor, was born October 4, 1875, in Brooklyn, X. Y. His parents were 
Joseph J. and Mary Daly, who were born in Ireland. The parents of 
George Bernard Shaw, the Irish playwright, in whose plays Mr. Daly has 
achieved his most noteworthy successes, were their intimate friends, Sir Ambrose 
Shay, a mayor of Cork and Mr. Daly's uncle, having frequently entertained the 
parents of Mr. Shaw. Mr. Daly was educated principally at the Academy of the 
Sacred Heart and St. Patrick's Academy, Brooklyn. He was ejected from four 
public schools of that city on account of those same revolutionary ideas which have 
made him enter so heartily into the characters drawn by George Bernard Shaw. 
Not content with announcing his opinions, he organized strikes among his school- 
fellows against rules which he considered unjust and an insult to his intelligence. 

His first theatrical engagement was that of a call boy at the old Lyceum Theatre. 
His first part was that of a butler, in a play in which Fanny Eice was starring. 

63 



He played minor parts until he came into marked prominence through his imper- 
sonation of Chambers., in Frank Mayo's production of "Pudd'n Head Wilson," 
dramatized from Mark Twain's book of that name. Prior to his taking up the 
Shaw plays, Mr. Daly achieved successes in parts in "Because She Loved Him So," 
"The Bird in the Cage," "Barbara Frietchie," in which Julia Marlowe was the 
star; "Self and Lady/' "Are You a Mason?" "When We Were Twenty-one," "Lady 
Margaret," "Hearts Aflame," "Cynthia," "The Girl from Dixie" and "Secret Ser- 
vice." On December 9, 1903, he produced Shaw's "Candida" for a single matinee 
at the Princess Theatre. The success of both play and actor was so marked that 
Mr. Daly and Mr. Winchell Smith formed a partnership to produce the play at 
the Berkeley Lyceum. There "Candida" ran for more than 150 nights, and caused 
such widespread discussion of Shaw and his plays that Mr. Daly, quick to see his 
opportunity, followed it with the Shaw plays "The Man of Destiny" and "How He 
Lied to Her Husband," the latter a travesty on "Candida" written by Shaw 
expressly for Mr. Daly. 

The next Shaw production was "You Never Can Tell," which met with a success 
as marked as that of "Candida" and had as long a run. Then came "John Bull's 
Other Island," and the refusal of the city authorities to allow Mr. Daly to present 
"Mrs. Warren's Profession," after similar action on the part of the New Haven 
authorities. Mr. Daly and his leading woman were arrested, merely as a formality, 
and the case was dropped when he announced that he would make no effort to pro- 
duce the play. These proceedings called forth some hot comment from Mr. Shaw, 
and created a furor of discussion among Shaw's and Daly's admirers and detractors. 

Mr. Daly married, on July 1, 1900, Mary Blythe, a niece of General La Grange, 
osf Los Angeles, Cal. They have one child, Blythe Daly, who is five years old. 
Mr. Daly is a Eoman Catholic in religion, and a Democrat in politics. His favorite 
pastimes are golf and horseback riding. He is a member of The Lambs and The 
Players. He usually spends his vacations abroad, visiting Carlsbad, London and 
Paris. His favorite authors are Bernard Shaw. W. W. Jacobs, Mark Twain, Tom 
Watson and Ida Tarbell; his favorite music the operas of Wagner, Puccini and 
Bizet; his favorite dramatists, Bernard Shaw, Shakespeare, Edmund Rostand, 
Henrik Ibsen and William Gillette. Permanent address, The Lambs. 



DANIELS, FRANK, comedian, was born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1860, where 
his father was a dentist. When Frank was very young the family moved 
to Boston, and there he was educated, graduating from the Lawrence 
School and then attending Pierce's Business College. For three years he 
was employed as a wood engraver by George Mathews, in Washington street. Boston, 
and at the same time studied singing at the New England Conservatory of Music. 
Having made a few appearances as an amateur, Mr. Daniels made his professional 
debut as the Sheriff, in "The Chimes of Normandy," in Chelsea, Mass., in 1879. 
He next became second comedian at the Gaiety Theatre, Boston ; then played a brief 
engagement with the McCaull Opera Company. 

He first attracted attention with Atkinson's Jollities, in a farce called "An 
Electric Doll," making a three years' tour of the country and playing a season in 
England. Returning, Mr. Daniels, after playing in "The Beggar Student," at the 
old Bijou Theatre, Boston, created the part of the Old Sport, in Hoyt's "A Rag 
Baby." which he played for three years with such success that he became a member 
of the firm of Hoyt, Thomas & Daniels. In 1887, however, he severed his connec- 
tion and starred in "Little Puck," an adaptation of the well known story by Anstey. 
"Vice Versa." His success in this piece endured three years, and he then, in 1891, 

64 



produced "The Attorney." He scored another success as Shrimps, in ''Princess 
Bonnie," hut this was eclipsed by "The Wizard of the Xile," produced in September, 
1895, and Mr. Daniels was established as a star of musical comedy. "The Idol's 
Eye" and "The Ameer" were his next mediums: then came "The OHice Boy." The 
season of 3905-'06 he was seen in "Sergeant Brue." 



DALE, MISS GRETCHEN, actress, was born in Cleveland. Ohio, in 1880. 
Her father was a hanker in that city, and owned an extensive estate in 
California, where Miss Dale spent most of her earlv days. When vet a 
child she won distinction by her talent for mimicry and her ability as an 
elocutionist. When fifteen years old she was sent to school in Xew York, and there 
first felt a longing for the stage. After studying at various dramatic schools and 
attracting attention at the pupils' performances. Miss Dale made her first pro- 
fessional appearance in the small part 
of Helen Lo\ve!l. in Thomas Dixon's 
play "The Clansman." which, after a 
stormy season in the South, was given 
at the Liberty Theatre. Xew York, 
January 8, IJXMi. 

Miss Dale was ambitious for better 
work, and while playing her first small 
part applied for and obtained permis- 
sion to understudy the more prominent 
parts. She obtained her reward in a 
manner which was as unexpected as it 
was pathetic. 

Only a few weeks after Miss Dale 
joined the company the death of 
Georgia Welles caused a readjustment 
of the cast, and Miss Dale became the 
leading ingenue as Xellie Graham, 
which she played for the balance of the 
season. Her work in "The Clansman" 
so impressed Mr. Dixon that, although 
she was little more than a novice, he 
engaged her to create the title role in 
his new play, "The One Woman," an 
adaptation of his most recent novel, 
produced in the winter season of 1906. 
Since adopting the stage as a profession Miss Dale makes her home at the Hotel 
Majestic, New York. 




D' ARVILLE, MISS CAMILLE, comic opera prima donna, was born in 
Holland in 1863, and received her musical training from French and 
Italian teachers. She made her first professional appearance in London in 
1883, at the Strand Theatre, where she sang in a series of light operas. 
She afterward sang with the Carl Eosa Opera Company, and for a season was 
under the management of Alexander Henderson. Miss D'Arville came to this 
country in 1888 to sing the part of Anita* in "The Queen's Mate," at the Broadway 
Theatre, Xew York, Lillian Russell also being in the cast. Subsequently Miss 

65 



D'Arville appeared for eleven months at the Casino in "The Grand Duchess," "Poor 
Jonathan" and "La Fille de Mme. Angot." She then became the prima donna of 
the Bostonians. singing Arline, in "The Bohemian Girl"; Maid Marian, in "Robin 
flood," and Katherine, in "The Knickerbockers." 

In 1893 Miss D'Arville joined the forces of Edward E. Rice and appeared in 
the title part in his production of "Venus" at the Park Theatre, Boston. After 
that Miss D'Arville starred in many light operas, making a pronounced success in 
the title part in "Madeline; or, the Magic Kiss," by Stange and Edwardes. Miss 
D'Arville has recently been singing in vaudeville houses. 



DAVENPORT, MISS EVA (MRS. NEIL O'BRIEN), actress, was born 
in London and educated at the Convent of Notre Dame, in that city. At 
the age of fifteen she went with her father to Australia. She had received 
a thorough musical training, and having an excellent soprano voice began 
her professional career by singing, with Miss Amy Sherwin, scenes from Italian 
operas. She played Josephine, in the first Australian production of "Pinafore/' 
and then became the prima donna of the Montague-Turner English Opera Com- 
pany. In Australia she became the wife of Neil O'Brien, an actor, and with him 
was engaged to go to India with Emily Melville in a repertoire of English operas. 
After playing five months in Calcutta Mr. and Mrs. O'Brien former their own com- 
pany, under the title of The Mascot Opera Company., and visited Hong Kong, play- 
ing there four months, and Manila. They played two seasons of three months each 
in Japan. The Mascot company lasted four years, during which Miss Davenport 
played in twenty-six operas. Then Mr. and Mrs. O'Brien came to this country. 

Miss Davenport made her first appearance in this country at the Casino Theatre, 
New York, as the Duchess, in "The Drum Major's Daughter." While playing the 
Princess, in "Erminie," Miss Davenport discovered that her forte was comedy, and 
she has since played nothing but comedy parts. She played Miss Big, in "Poor 
Jonathan," and then went on the road with Miss Pauline Hall, playing Abigail, in 
"Puritania," and the show woman, in "The Princess of Trebizonde." This was fol- 
lowed by her greatest success as the Queen who is buried alive, in "The Isle of Cham- 
pagne." In 1897 Miss Davenport played Lady Hawser, in "The French Maid." at 
the Herald Square Theatre, New York, under the management of E. E. Rice. 
Later engagements were as Coralie, in "Papa's Wife," with Miss Anna Held and 
Charles Bigelow ; Madame Giraudet, with Jefferson De Angelis. in "A Royal Rogue," 
and Bella, in "A Silver Slipper," with Sam Bernard. Miss Davenport considers 
the best work of her career to have been done with Raymond Hitchcock, as the 
Spanish widow, Senora Terese Ribera. of Uruburu, in "The Yankee Consul." Her 
New York address is No. 162 West 80th street. 



DAVENPORT, HARRY, actor, born in New York City, is one of a family 
whose name has been prominent on the American stage for more than half 
a century. His father, E. L. Davenport, was considered one of the best 
Shakespearian actors of his time. His mother, who was knoAvn on the 
English stage as Miss Fanny Vining, was a well known actress, and one of his 
sisters, Miss Fanny Davenport, was the famous tragedienne. When the entire 
family was gathered at the home at Canton, Pa., where Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Daven- 
port died, there were nine children, nearly all of whom, at some time or other, were 
players. Miss Blanche Davenport, who was known on the stage as Bianca La 
Blanche, was an opera singer and was a favorite at Naples: Miss Florence Daven- 

66 



port was an actress and singer and a member of the opera company organized by 
John T. Ford, of Baltimore, and Miss May Davenport, who married William Sey- 
mour, the manager, was a member of the famous Boston Museum Stock Company. 
Edgar L. Davenport, who received his early training at the Boston Museum, is 
still a prominent leading man, his most recent appearances having been in "The 
Crust of Society," "Cumberland, '61," "Pudd'nhead Wilson" and "The Christian." 
Harry Davenport, the youngest of the children, made his stage debut when he was 
five years old, as Damon's boy, in "Damon and Pythias/' in his father's company. 
Soon afterward he played a child's part in "Jack Cade." In his youth he was a 
member of the original juvenile "Pinafore" company which appeared every after- 
noon at the Broad Street Theatre, Philadelphia. After working his way up the 
ladder, one of the rounds being manager of the Girard Avenue Theatre, Philadel- 
phia, he found the field in which he attained great popularity at the Casino. Xew 
York. This field was in musical comedy, and his playing of roles in "The Belle of 
New York," "The Rounders," "The Lady Slavey" and "The Burgomaster" served 
to give him a fixed foothold as one of the leading singing and dancing comedians of 
the present day. In the season of 1904-'05-'06 he appeared in Lew Fields's "It Hap- 
pened in Nordland" company. He married Phyllis Rankin, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. McKee Rankin. 



DAVIS, MISS FAY (MRS. GERALD LAWRENCE), actress, was 
born and educated in this country. She began her professional career as a 
reader and reciter, touring the States with success. Going to London, she 
made her first appearance on the legitimate stage with Sir Charles Wynd- 
ham's company at the Criterion Theatre, playing Zoe Nuggetson. in "The Squire of 
Dames." In 1896 she played Antoinette de Mauban, in "The Prisoner of Zenda," 
at the St. James's Theatre, with George Alexander, with whom she also created 
leading parts in "The Princess and the Butterfly," "The Tree of Knowledge," "The 
Conqueror," "The Ambassador," "Rupert of Hentzau," "A Debt of Honor" and 
"The Awakening." She also appeared with Alexander in revivals as Celia and as 
Rosalind. 

In 1891 Miss Davis created the part of Iris, in Pinero's play of that name, and 
the same year came to America to play leading parts under the management of 
Charles Frohman. She created the title part in the comedy "All-of-a-Sudden 
Peggy." 

On May 20, 1906, Miss Davis w r as married, in Boston, to Gerald Lawrence, an 
English actor, formerly with Sir Henry Irving's company. Mrs. Lawrence signed 
to star in the fall of 1906 in a dramatization of Mrs. Wharton's novel "The House 
of Mirth." 



DAY, MISS ANNA, actress, was born in 1884, at Sandy Hill. N. Y., of 
Irish-American parentage. At an early age she played parts in amateur 
theatricals in her home town. She made her first professional appear- 
ance in Shakespearian roles with Walker Whiteside. After several engage- 
ments in classic drama she assumed the role of Jane Bolingbrook, in "When 
Knighthood Was in Flower," under the management of Sweely, Shipman & Co. 
While playing this part she was understudy for the star, and appeared as Mary 
Tudor in many of the large Eastern cities with such success that she was selected 
to star in "When Knighthood Was in Flower" for the season of 1906-'07. 



67 



DA/IE, MLLE. ("LE DOMINO ROUGE") (MRS. MARK A. 
LUESCHER), premiere danseuse. was born September 16, 1884, in St. 
Louis, Mo., and began her stage career at the age of sixteen. She went 
abroad in 1900 to study the classic ballet under famous masters in Vienna 
and Leipsic, and joined the Court ballet at St. Petersburg one year later. After a 
season tlu>re Mile. Dazie appeared in a unique dancing specialty in the leading 
music halls of London. Paris, Berlin, Breslau, Vienna, Budapest and Hamburg, 

returning to her native country for a 
tour of ten weeks over the Keith circuit 
in 1904. 

During that season her art attracted 
attention among American managers, 
and she accepted an engagement to ap- 
pear at the Wistaria Grove during the 
summer of that year, under the direction 
of Messrs. Werba & Luescher, the latter 
of whom made Mile. Dazie his wife on 
September 16, 1905. Mr. Luescher 
conceived the idea of having the dancer 
appear masked on her first appearance 
with the view of arousing the curiosity 
of the audience, and presented Mile. 
Cazie, her features hidden by a mask, 
as "Le Domino Rouge." The idea was 
such a novel one that it caught the 
popular fancy, and Mile. Dazie was the 
torliner wherever she appeared. Paris 
and London engagements followed the 
successes in the United States, and her 
appearances abroad were no less note- 
worthy. Among the impresarios who 
have been enthusiastic admirers of 
Mile. Dazie's toe dancing is Oscar Ham- 

merstein, who, in searching for a premiere danseuse to head his ballet at the Man- 
hattan Grand Opera House, selected her as the most distinguished. 




DAZEY, CHARLES TURNER, playwright, was born in Lima, 111., 
August 12, 1853. He was graduated from the College of Arts, Lexington, 
Ky., and from Harvard University, where he received his degree of B. A. 
in 1881 and was class poet. His first dramatic work was a two act comedy, 
"Rustication," written while he was a sophomore, produced by a college society and 
later played by the stock company at the Boston Museum. Mr. Dazey's first serious 
play, "An American King," produced by James O'Neill, was not successful, nor was 
"For a Brother's Life," which followed, under the management of J. M. Hill. For 
some years Mr. Dazey was interested in real estate in Kansas and Dakota, and wrote 
only light plays, such as "The Little Maverick," played by Maggie Mitchell during 
her last season on the stage. Mr. Dazey's first real success came with "In Old 
Kentucky," which was played for five consecutive months at the Academy of Music. 
New York, and by numerous companies all over America, England and Australia. 
Other plays from his pen are "That Girl from Texas," "Rival Candidates." "War 

68 



of Wealth," "The Suburban/' "Home Folks" and. in collaboration. "In Mexico" and 
"That American." 

Mr. Dazey married in July, 1887, Lucy Harding. He is a member of The 
Lambs and the Lotos and Dramatists' clubs, Xew York. His home is Xo. 1 Madi- 
son Park, Quincy, 111. 



I A VIES, MISS PHCEBE (MKS. JOSEPH R. GRISMER), was born 
in San Francisco, her father being Captain David Davies. of the United 



States steamship Madrona. of the Pacific Squadron. She made her first 
appearance on the stage, in 1892, as a member of the famous Baldwin 
Theatre Stock Company, in San Francisco, under the management of "Tom" 
McGuire, playing the important part of Hortense, in "Bleak House." She after- 
ward played the part of Chispa, in Clay M. Greene's play of that name, with such 

success that W. H. Harden made an 
offer to star her. Feeling she was too 
young, however, she remained for two 

, O 

seasons as leading woman of the Bald- 
win Stock Company. In 1883 she mar- 
ried Joseph R. Grismer. the leading 
man of the organization. Miss Davies, 
during the stock engagement, had 
played successfully many parts, includ- 
ing Ophelia, with Rossi, the Italian 
tragedian; Juliet, with W. E. Sheridan, 
and Rosalind, in a special production of 
"'As You Like It," and soon after their 
marriage Mr. Grismer organized a com- 
pany, with himself and wife as joint 
stars, which played several seasons in 
San Francisco and throughout the Mid- 
dle West, Miss Davies scoring in such 
parts as Rosa Leigh, in "Rosedale"; 
Mercedes, in "Monte Cristo"; the lead- 
ing part in "The Fool's Revenge," and 
T ady And ley, in "Lady And ley's Se- 
cret." Miss Davies also created the 
I rincipal woman's part in Hoyt's "Mid- 
night Bell." Her husband then, in col- 
laboration with Clay M. Greene, wrote 

"The Xew South," in which Mr. Giismcr and Mis Davies starred for three years, 
opening at the Broadway Theatre, Xew York, afterward playing at the Madison 
Square Theatre and throughout the country. 

W. A. Brady and Mr. Grismer then produced " 'Way Down East," in which Miss 
Davies created the part of Anna Moore, contributing largely to the success of the 
play. Owing to the fact that her husband is part owner of the play, Miss Davies 
has continued to play the part ever since its production, at the Manhattan Theatre, 
Xew York, in 1898. Roughly estimated, Miss Davies has appeared as Anna Moore 
more than three thousand times. In the fall of 1906 Miss Davies was considering 
an offer to star in the leading role in "The Kreutzer Sonata/' 

Miss Davies owns a handsome steam yacht, the Manzanita. Her Xew York 
address is care of Joseph R. Grismer, Xew York Theatre Building. 

69 




DAVIS, RICHARD HARDING, novelist and playwright, was born in 
Philadelphia in 1864, being the son of the late L. Clarke Davis and Re- 
becca (Harding) Davis. He began life as a newspaper man in Phila- 
delphia and then joined the staff of "The Sun," New York. At this 
time he wrote the Van Bibber stories, which first won him fame. He was special 
correspondent in the Spanish, Boer and Russo-Japanese wars, and has also repre- 
sented magazines in various South American revolutions. He is the author of 
many novels and short stories. He began writing for the stage only a few years 
ago, his first play being "The Taming of Helen," in which Miss Ethel Barrymore 
starred. His other plays are "Ranson's Folly," "The Dictator" and "The" Gal- 
loper."' 

Mr. Davis married Miss Cecil Clark, daughter of J. M. Clark, of Chicago, April 
4, 1899. His home is at Marion, Mass. 



DE BELLEVILLE, FREDERIC, actor, was born in Liege, Belgium, his 
father being a colonel and his brother a captain in the Belgian Army. His 
great-uncle, Charles Rojier, was Prime Minister of Belgium in 1830. 
Military service had no allurements for him, and, moreover, he was born for 
the stage, for he became a player while he was a lad of twelve at school. He was 
not out of his teens when he made his professional debut at Sanger's Amphitheatre, 
London, in 1873, in "Fair Rosamond." His second engagement was at the Theatre 

Royal, Cambridge, where he played eight 
weeks under the stage management of Fred- 
erick Warde. After this Mr. De Belleville 
began pla}dng in London, appearing at the 
Standard, National and Gaiety theatres, and 
remaining at the last named for three years. 
In this time he played a wide range of parts. 
In 1879 he went to Australia and played in 
Melbourne for five months. His first appear- 
ance in the United States was at Baldwin's 
Theatre, in San Francisco. There he origi- 
nated the role of Count George De Maubreul, 
in "Deception," and played in "An Orphan 
of the State," "The Upper Crust," "True to 
the Core," "Forget-Me-Not," "East Lynne," 
"The Galley Slave" and "Fairfax." A. M. 
Palmer saw him play the Dwarf, in "Nanon," 
at this time, and engaged him for his Union 
Square Theatre Company, New York. After 

opening in Brooklyn, on November 8, 1880, as Cuthbert Fielding, in Edgar Fawcetf s 
"The False Friend/' Mr. De Belleville made his first appearance before a Man- 
hattan audience, playing the role of Count de Carojac, in "The Banker's Daughter." 
He remained at the Union Square for three seasons, creating while there the roles 
of Count de Lavard, in "The Creole"; Monsieur Cavagnac, in "Felicia"; Monsieur 
Octave, in "Raymond"; Clifford Armytage, in "Lights o' London"; Sergeant 
Troy, in "Far from the Madding Crowd"; James Rantzau, in "The Rantzaus," 
and Henri de Targy. in "A Parisian Romance." He left the Union Square 
Theatre to go on a joint starring tour, under the management of John Stetson, 
with James O'Neill in "The Count of Monte Cristo," in which he played 
Noirtier, and "The Corsican Brothers." From 1884 to 1885 Mr. De Belleville was 

70 




starred b}' H. C. Miner in "'The Silver King." In 1885 he was in the original 
cast that produced "Favette" at the Union Square Theatre. The season of 
1886-'87 he played leading parts with Rose Coghlan in repertoire. The season 
of 1888-'89 lie supported Clara Morris, being the original Dr. Clermont, in the 
production of "Helene" at the Union Square Theatre, Xew York. While playing 
in Charles Frohman's stock company at Proctor's Twenty-third Street Theatre he 
created the role of Israel Cohen, in "Men and Women." In 1892 he, with Charles 
Coghlan and John T. Sullivan, supported Eose Coghlan in a tour of this country 
and a run in "Diplomacy," Mr. De Belleville playing Count Orloff and Henry 
Beauclerc. In 1894 he supported William H. Crane in "The Senator." appearing 
as Count von Strath. That same season he starred in "Hoodman Blind," appeared 
with the Coghlans again in "Diplomacy" and supported them in a revival of 
"London Assurance" at the old Star Theatre, Xew York. In February, 1894. he 
played in "The War of Wealth." In 1895 he played Count Trast. in Sudermann's 
"Honor/' and appeared in the melodrama "The Last Stroke" through the season 
of 1896. In 1897 he joined Mrs. Fiske's company, first appearing with her as 
Henri des Prunelles. in "Divorcons." at a benefit performance at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre. He was the Alec Stoke-D'Urberville in her production of "Tess of the 
D'Urbervilles," the Fabio Ronaldi in "Little Italy" and Henri de Sartorys in 
"Frou-Frou." In 1900 he was once more playing Xoirtier. He was the Baron 
Bonelli of Viola Allen's production of Hall Caine's "The Eternal City." In 1905 
he once more joined Mrs. Fiske's company, as Kleschna, in "Leah Kleschna." In 
May, 1906, he appeared in "The Coward." produced at McYicker's Theatre, Chicago. 
He is a member of The Plavers, Xew York. 



DE ANGELIS, JEFFERSON, comedian, was born in San Francisco, 
Cal., November 30, 1859. His parents had had stage careers, and his 
uncle,. Thomas Rosa, taught him, while he was a boy, the tumbling and 
dancing he has used to such good advantage on the comic opera stage. 
He appeared on the stage at various times while he was still in short dresses, and 
was only twelve years old when he began his stage career as a variety performer 
at Gilbert's Melodeon. in San Francisco. When he was fourteen he and his sister 
joined forces, she being known as La Petite Sally, and toured the country in a 
half-hour vaudeville sketch. It was in this sketch and at this age that Xew 
Yorkers had their first glimpse of the man who has since become one of their most 
popular comedians. In 1880 he and his sister gave up the sketch for a one act play, 
"One Word." They played this for eight weeks in San Francisco, and then went 
to Australia with it, presenting it there for seven months. While in Australia 
De Angelis determined to see the world, and he did it. He organized a company 
which could play everything from grand and comic opera to farce and burlesque, 
and after touring the principal cities of Australia with it, took it wherever there 
was an European colony of any size in Japan, China, India and South Africa. This 
daring venture lasted for four years, and was marred only by the death of Miss 
De Angelis, who died in 1882, in the middle of the tour. When he returned to 
his native land De Angelis soon was engaged by the McCaull Opera Company, his 
first role with it being that of Sir Despard, in "Ruddygore." He remained with 
Colonel McCaull until 1890, sharing honors with Digby Bell and De Wolf Hopper 
until 1890, when he accepted an offer from Rudolph Aronson to join the Casino 
company. There he created the role of Poor Jonathan, in the comic opera of that 
name. In 1893 he left the Casino to play the leading comedy role in "The 
Prodigal Daughter." returning again to the Aronson management the same season 

71 



to play the Detective, in "The Passing Show." His next engagement was with 
"The Little Trooper," in which he played the leading comedy role and helped 
Delia Fox to become a full-fledged star. On September 3, 1896, he arrived at the 
long sought goal himself and became a star, the Broadway Theatre and "The 
Caliph" being the setting. This proved only party successful, however, and he 
soon gave it up to star jointly with Delia Fox and Lillian Russell, in "The Wedding 
Da.y," which ran until 1898. Since then Mr. De Angelis has starred at the head 
of his own company, presenting "The Royal Rogue," "The Toreador," "Fantana." 
etc. The season of 1906-'07 he appeared in "The Girl and the Governor." He is 
a thirty-second degree Mason, a Mystic Shriner and a member of The Lambs, The 
Players and the City Club, of Yonkers, N. Y., where his home, Sunnyside Drive. 
Ludlow, is situated. 



DE KOVEN, REGINALD, composer of lyrics, religious music and comic 
operas, was born at Middletown, Conn., on April 3, 1859, his father being 
an Episcopal clergyman. He entered St. John's College, Oxford. England, 
in 1879 to complete his education, and was graduated with the degree of 
B. A. While there he composed his first song, "Marjorie Daw." His first operatic 
composition was "Cupid, Hymen & Co.," which was never produced, the company 
organized to play it breaking up just before the date set for the opening night. 
In 1887 he wrote "The Begum," which was produced by the McCaull Opera Com- 
pany, which included at that time Digby Bell. De Wolf Hopper, Jefferson De 
Angelis and Laura Joyce, and had a successful run in New York. This so. encour- 
aged Mr. De Koven that he went abroad to study. While a pupil of Richard 
Genee in Vienna in 1889 he wrote his third opera, "Don Quixote." This was 
followed in 1890 by what is conceded to be the best American comic opera, "Robin 
Hood," made famous by the Bostonians, which is still as popular as ever. "The 
Knickerbockers," "The Fencing Master" and "The Algerian" followed in succes- 
sion, all becoming immensely popular. "The Highwayman," "Rob Roy," "The 
Three Dragoons" and most of the music for "The Man in the Moon" and "From 
Broadway to Tokio" preceded his latest opera, "Happylancl," in which De Wolf 
Hopper starred all of last season with great success. Mr. De Koven's lyrics and 
religious compositions are as well known on the concert platform and in the 
church choir as his operatic airs are on the stage. In 1884 he married Anna 
Farwell, the daughter of the late Charles B. Farwell, of Chicago, who was L'nited 
States Senator from Illinois, and soon afterward made New York his permanent 
abode. His wife's sister is the wife of ,Hobart Chatfield-Taylor, of Chicago. He 
and his wife are the owners of the Lyric Theatre, New York. He is a member of 
The Players and The Lambs. 



DENNY, WILLIAM HENRY LEIGH (DUGMORE), actor, was born 
at Balsall Heath, Birmingham, England, in 1853, being the son of the 
late Henry Thomas Leigh Dugmore. He was educated at King Edward's 
School, Birmingham. When he was six years old he played a boy's part 
at a provincial theatre, and at the age of seventeen he made his professional debut 
at Dundee, Scotland. In 1879 he came to America with Lydia Thompson, leaving 
her to appear at the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, under the management of 
the late Mrs. John Drew. Returning to London, he joined the stock company at 
the St. James's Theatre, under the management of Hare, and Kendal, and later 
accompanied Mrs. Langtry on her first tour in England as her principal comedian. 

72 



In 1884 he again visited this country, as a member of the Lester Wallaek Stock 
Company, and in 1885 was a member of Charles Frohman's first company. Again 
returning to London, he created the part of the rural policeman, in Pinero's 
"Dandy Dick," at the Court Theatre, and followed with an engagement in the Gilbert 
and Sullivan operas at the Savoy, London, making his first appearance at that 
theatre as Wilfred Shadbolt, the jailer, in "The Yeomen of the Guard." and in 
1890-"91 playing the Grand Inquisitor, in "The Gondoliers." in which part he 
appeared before Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle. 

After the dissolution of the partnership between Gilbert and Sullivan, he left 
the Savoy company and joined Arthur Roberts at the Lyric Theatre, where he 
created the part of another policeman. thi< time a city specimen, in "Dandy Dan." 
in 1897. After various engagements in England, and after the death of his wife. 
he accepted a starring Shakespearian tour in Australia and New Zealand, playing 
Bottom, in "A Midsummer Night's Dream"; Touchstone, in "As You Like It." and 
Malvolio, in ''Twelfth Night." On his return to London, in 1!)<)4, he decided to 
pursue his career for the future in America. He is the author of a farce. "A 
Mutual Mistake," and several other plays. In 1889 he was elected a life member 
of the Savage Club, London, in recognition of his services during the five years of 
his honorary secretaryship of that institution. He is also a member of The Lambs. 
Xew York. 



DIXEY, HENRY E. (HENRY E. DIXON), actor, was born in Boston 
January 0. 1859, and made his first appearance on the stage when he was 
ten years old at the Howard Theatre, in his native town, playing Peanuts. 
in the melodrama "Under the Gaslight." Under the tuition of the late 
.lames S. Maffat. the pantomimist. he learned deportment and dancing, and when 
Edward E. Rice produced "'Evangel ine" at the Globe Theatre. Boston, on .June 7, 
18V5, Dixey's dancing got him an engagement to play the forelegs of the heifer. 
Richard Golden being the other half of the nimble beast. During the phenomenal 
run of "Evangel ine" Mr. Dixey played many other parts, and gradually worked hi< 
way up to leading comedian through the medium of such productions as "The 
Corsair," "Hiawatha," "Horrors," "Robinson Crusoe,"' "The Babes in the Wood." 
"Revels" and "Cinderella at School." When the craze for Gilbert and Sullivan 
operas came in he scored vastly as Sir Joseph Porter, in "Pinafore"; Bunthorne. in 
"Patience"; John Wellington Wells, in "The Sorcerer," and the Chancellor, in 
"lolanthe." He was also very successful as Lorenzo, in "The Mascotte." and Sir 
Mincing Lane, in "Billee Taylor." 

For several seasons Mr. Dixey played a wide round of leading comedy parts 
under the management of John Stetson, at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New Y/ork. 
and then he produced the extravaganza "Adonis," under the management of Mr. 
Rice. It was first played in Chicago July 6, 1884, and on September 4 following it 
opened at the Bijou Opera House, Xew Y r ork, and ran there for more than six 
hundred nights. May 31, 1886, Mr. Dixey appeared at the Gaiety Theatre, London, 
in "Adonis." hut, except for his caricature of Henry Irving, the piece was not a 
success. A long tour of this country followed, and then Mr. Dixey appeared in "The 
Seven Ages," which, however, did not prove a second "Adonis." 

After a season with "A Man with a Hundred Heads," Mr. Dixey joined Augustin 

Daly's company in 1894, and demonstrated his ability as a legitimate comedian. 

While with this company his most pronounced successes were as Malvolio, in "Twelfth 

Night"; Marcus Brutus Snap, in "A Night Off," and the ballet master, in "7-20-8." 

After a period in vaudeville, and after dabbling with the profession of a conjurer., 

73 



Mr. Dixey, in 1899, appeared as David Garrick, in "Oliver Goldsmith," by Augustus 
Thomas. The fall of 1900 he starred in a dramatization of Dr. S. Weir Mitchell's 
novel "The Adventures of Frangois," with indifferent success. The seasons of 
1905-'06 to 190? he starred in "The Man on the Box." Mr. Dixey is a member of 
The Lambs and The Players. 



DE WOLFE, MISS ELSIE ANDERSON, actress, was born in New 
York, December 20, 1865, being the daughter of the late Dr. Stephen 
De Wolfe. On his death, in 1890, his daughter, being obliged to earn her 
livelihood, elected to go on the stage. She had previously made her mark 
as an amateur actress, first appearing at the Criterion Theatre, London, at a bene- 
fit for a church charity, in "The White Milliner," in the presence of the Prince 
and Princess of Wales, now King Edward and Queen Alexandra. She after- 
ward acted in "The Loan of a Lover" at the home of Mrs. Eggleston, Washing- 
ton Square, New York, and in 1886 she played Lady Seymore, in "A Cup of 
Tea." at the University Club Theatre. The same year she played Lady Clare at 
the opening of the Tuxedo Club Theatre, and later appeared as Lady Gwendoline 
Bloomfield, in "Drifted Apart/' and Helen, in "The Hunchback," at the same place. 
Other parts she played as an amateur were Mrs. Prettifet, in "The Mousetrap"; 
Lady Teazle, in "The School for Scandal," and the leading part in "Contrasts." 

When she decided to become a professional actress she obtained an engagement 
with Charles Frohman and made her first legitimate appearance at Proctor's 
Theatre, New York, October 5, 1891, as Fabienne Lecoulteur, in "Thermidor." 
She had studied the part in France under the direction of A 7 ictorien Sardou, the 
author of the play. Then followed two seasons on the road, in which she played 
in "Joseph," "Judge" and "Four in Hand." After playing Eose Eeade, in "Sister 
Mary," Miss De Wolfe joined the Empire stock company, playing Lady Kate 
Ffennel, in "The Bauble Shop"; Lady Charlie Wishanger, in "The Masqueraders" ; 
Mrs. Wanklyn, in "John a-Dreams" ; Mrs. Glib, in "Christopher, Jr.," and Mrs. 
Dudley Chumleigh, in "Marriage." In 1898 Miss De Wolfe made a pronounced 
success as Hclene, in "Catherine." Of late Miss De Wolfe has forsaken the stage 
for decorative art work. Her home address is No. 112 East 17th street. New York. 



DITEirilSTEIN, LEO, actor and playwright, was born in Austria, his 
father being Count Ditrichstein until he was deprived of his title and 
estates because he supported the Bohemian revolution in 1847, led by 
Kossuth. Mr. Ditrichstein made his first appearance as an actor at Berlin, 
where he had established a reputation when, in 1890, he came to this country and 
made his first appearance with the stock company at the Irving Place Theatre 
under the management of Gustave Amberg. He had previously been leading man 
at the Royal Theatre. Hamburg, for a season. His first part in this country was in 
Suclermann's "Honor," and his second in the German version of "The Lost Para- 
dise." Having mastered the English language quickly, Mr. Ditrichstein was en- 
gaged by Charles Frohman for John Drew's company, and in 1894 he played his 
first English-speaking part in "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows." He made his first pro- 
nounced success as Zou Zou in the original production of "Trilby" at the Madison 
Square Garden Theatre under the management of A. M. Palmer in 1895. 

The following year he created the part of the French professor in W. A. Brady's 
production of "Under the Polar Star." He has since played light comedy parts in 
many plays, including some of his own. Mr. Ditrichstein, in collaboration with 

74 



Clyde Fitch, wrote "The Other Man/' which was produced at the Garden Theatre, 
New York, in 1893, and "A Superfluous Husband," produced at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre, New York, in 1897. He also wrote "The Last Appeal/' produced by 
Henry B. Harris, and "Are You a Mason ?" The season of 1905-'06 he appeared in 
the farce "Before and After/' written by himself. In December, 1896 ? Mr. 
Ditrichstein married Mrs. Josephine Knoop, the daughter of Christian Woehrle, 
proprietor of the Belvidere Hotel, New York, who had been divorced from her hus- 
band, Louis J. Knoop, a month previously. Clyde Fitch acted as best man at the 
weddinjr. 



DYETT, WALTER FAIRMAN, actor, was born in Auburn, N. Y., in 
1873. He was educated at Berkeley School. New York, and Trinity Col- 
lege, Hartford, Conn. While at college he was prominently identified 
with dramatic entertainments, and upon assuming commercial business he 
still was associated with amateur theatricals, appearing in many plays produced by 
The Strollers in New York. Mr. Dyett made his fir*t professional appearance in 
vaudeville in a sketch entitled "Wanted, a Groom/'' which proved a success. After 

a short season with the Proctor Stock Com- 
pany, at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New 
York, he appeared in a musical comedy called 
"Cupid & Co./' scoring his first pronounced 
success. 

Mr. Dyett first appeared in New York as 
the Duke of Gadsbook, in "'Abigail/' sup- 
porting Grace George, under the manage- 
ment of William A. Brady, in 1904. The 
season of 1905-'06 he was in the cast of "His 
Majesty/'' and also appeared in a repertoire 
of the comedies made famous by the late 
Rosina Yokes, under the management of 
David Henderson. 

The fall season of 1906 Mr. Dyett played 
Artie Endicott, the part created by Joseph 
Coyne, in "The Social Whirl," opening at the 
Casino Theatre, New York, and afterward 
touring the country under the management 

of the Shuberts. Mr. Dyett is a member of the Green Room Club and The Strollers, 
New York. 




DROUET, ROBERT, actor and playwright, was born in Clinton, la., in 
1870. He joined a travelling theatrical company when he was sixteen 
years old and soon became a manager on his own account, playing a round 
of Shakespearian plays. He played leading parts in support of Robert Down- 
ing, and appeared as General Delarouche in "Paul Kauvar," supporting Joseph Ha- 
worth and Miss Erne Ellsler. Mr. Drouet supported dara Bloodgood in Clyde 
Fitch's "Girl with the Green Eyes," produced at the Savoy Theatre, New York, in 
1903, and appeared in "A Woman in the Case" at the Herald Square Theatre. Later 
he played in "Citizen Pierre," and made a pronounced success as John Storm in "The 
Christian," with Miss Viola Allen, succeeding Edwin Morgan in that role. With 
Mary Mannering Mr. Drouet played Colonel Jack Brereton, in "Janice Mere- 

75 



dith" at Wallack's Theatre, Xew York. Mr. Drouet married Miss Mildred Loring, 
October. 1897. He is the author of several plays, including "The White Czar," 
"Montana," "Doris" and "An Idyll of Virginia." He is a member of The Players 
and The Lambs, New York. 



DOWNING, ROBERT L., actor, was born in Washington in 1857, and 
entered the profession in 1877 at Baltimore. On earning his spurs he 
supported Mary Anderson, Edwin Booth. John McCullough. John E. 
Owens and Joseph Jefferson. Since 1889 he has starred under his own 
management, playing such parts as Yirginius and Spartaeus. in "The Gladiator." 
He married Eugenie Blair. Mr. Downing's home is at Edgemore, Benninajs, D. C. 



D' ORSAY, LAWRANOE, actor, was born in Peterborough, England. He 
comes of an old family of lawyers, and was himself educated for the law, 
hut threw up Blackstone for the stage. After considerable experience in 
stock companies and the provinces, with the usual ups and downs, Mr. 
D'Orsay eventually made a position 1'or himself in London in "swell" parts, prin- 
cipally of the military order, until of late years these special parts began to be desig- 
nated by authors and managers as D'Orsay parts. In 188(> he played a sort of Dun- 
dreary character with Minnie Palmer, 
in ''My Sweetheart/' at the Strand 
Theatre, London, and subsequently 
made his first visit to America with 
Miss Palmer under the management of 
John R. Rogers. Then followed a long 
series of engagements in the principal 
Theatres in London with such well 
known stars and managers as John 
Hare, Edward Terry, Thomas Thorne, 
George Edwardes, etc. During a three 
years' engagement with George Ed- 
wardes at Daly's Theatre. London, he 
created parts written for him in "A 
Gaiety Girl," "An Artist's Model" and 
"The Geisha." He came to America 
with "An Artist's Model." 

Mr. Charles Frohman brought Mr. 
D'Orsay to America again six years ago 
to support Annie Russell and to plav 
the King in "A Royal Family," and 
Mr. D'Orsay has stayed here ever since. 
After two seasons with "A Royal Fam- 
ily" Mr. Frohman cast him for a part 
in "The Wilderness," at the Empire 
Theatre, Xew York, and it was his per- 
formance in this play that influenced Augustus Thomas to write "The Earl of 
Pawtucket" for Mr. D'Orsay, the success of which made him a star. The production 
was made by the late Kirke La Shelle. at the Madison Square Theatre, and it ran 
just a year in Xew York. Augustus Thomas next wrote "The Embassy Ball" for 

76 




Mr. D'Orsay, which Mr. Frohuian accepted and produced. He ha? engaged Mr. 
D'Orsay for a term of years to star under his management. Mr. D'Orsay is a 
nienil)er of The Lambs. 



DOXAGHEY, FKEDEUH'K, playwright and manager, was born in 18TO 
in Philadelphia. He was graduated from ilie Central High School there 
and from Princeton University. He was on the staff of "The Philadelphia 
Press" in 1890, and correspondent of "The Xe\v York Recorder," the 
dramatic and musical critic in 18% of "The Philadelphia Times." in 1900 of "The 
Philadelphia North American," and in 1901 -I)? of "The Philadelphia Times." and 
Inter of "The Times-Ledger." He was a member of the editorial staff of "The Phila- 
delphia Ledger" in 19()4-'0(>. In 1889 he had experience as an actor with Augustin 
Daly's company. He is the author of "The Craft of Krishna." produced in IS!)!); 
"One K. dive," 11)01: "Mooney the Mummer," 1!H:5: "The Specimen." "The In- 
tense Irene," and "The Lure of a Lady." He is also the author of "The Points," an 
essay on punctuation, published in 1888. In 1906 he was manager for Robert Man- 
tell and general representative of William A. Brady. 



DODSON, JOHN K., actor, was born in London in 18,57'. He was edu- 
cated for the bar, but found amateur theatricals more to his liking than 
the study of law. He made his h'r-4 professional appearance at the Princess 
Theatre, Manchester, England, in 1877, playing a small part in "The 
Spelling Bee." with the late ,1. Lawrence Toole as the star. For two or three years 
he played juvenile lead parts in small companies. He was advised by Edward 
Terry to try coined}- and character parts, and began his career as a comedian at 
the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin, under the management of the late Michael Gunn. 
After a time he became first low comedian at the Royal Theatre, Worcester, varying 
his roles, ranging from old comedy and Shakespearian parts to comedy old women 
in Christmas pantomimes. He supported Joseph Jefferson and J. K. Emmett 
when they were touring in England, and for a time w-is with W. ('aider's "White 
Slave" company. In 188(5 he was engaged to create the part of Joe Buskin, in 
Maud Branscombe's production of "Hearts," a comedy drama by Walter Browne. 
After creating the parts of Carraway Bones, in "Turned T T p/' and the Professor, 
in "Kleptomania," Mr. Dodson was engaged by John Clayton to play Mr. Posket, 
in Pinero's "The Magistrate," after which he became a member of the company 
supporting Mr. and Mrs. Kendal in 1889. With the Kendals he came to this 
country, making his first appearance in "A Scrap of Paper" at the Fifth Avenue 
Theatre. He remained with the Kendals as leading character comedian for five 
years, playing in this country and in London, and making his mark in such parts 
as Baron Montrichard, in "The Ladies' Battle"; Penguin, in "A Scrap of Paper"; 
Eadford, in "All for Her": Moulinet, in "The Iron Master"; Sam. in "The Queen's 
Shilling": Gimnion. in "The Squire"; Baron Croodle, in "The Money Spinner"; 
Cayley Drummie, in "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray" ; Mr. Bargus. in "The Weaker 
Sex," and Captain Mountraffe, in "Home." 

In 1895 Mr. Dodson was engaged by Charles Frohman as principal comedian 
of the Empire stock company, his first appearance as such being as Keber. in 
'"The Bauble Shop." He also played Montague Lushington. in "The Mas- 
queraders," and the Rev. Stephen Wynn, in "John-a- Dreams." He originated 
the part of Cardinal liichclieu. in "Fnder the Ked Uobe." and played John 

77 




MISS MARIE DRESSLER. 



Weather-by, in "Because She Loved Him So." Mr. Dodson made his first appear- 
ance in a vaudeville house October 29, 1900, as Richelieu, in "Richelieu's Strategy," 
at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. In 1902 he created the part of 
Simonides, in "Ben Hur," at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, and subsequently 
played it for long runs at the New York Theatre, New York, and throughout the 
country. After a season as a star in "American Invasion" Mr. Dodson played 
Pierre in the all star revival of "The Two Orphans" at the New Amsterdam 
Theatre in 1904-'05. The season of 1905-'OG lie played the title part in Kla\v & 
Erlanger's production of "The Prince of India," in "The Prodigal Son" and in a 
special production of "Oliver Twist." 

Mr. Dodson married Annie Irish, an actress. He is a member of the Lotos, 
Green Room and New York Whist clubs, and The Lambs and The Players. Xew 
York. His address is the Lotos Club, New York. 



DRESSLER, MISS MARIE, comedienne, was born in Cobourg, Canada. 
She made her first appearance on the stage when she was sixteen years 
old as Cigarette in a dramatization of "Under Two Flags" by her brother- 
in-law, Richard Ganthoriy, also the author of a "A Message from Mars/' 
Her next role was Katisha, in "The Mikado," with the Baker Opera Company. Her 
first appearance in New York was at the Fifth Avenue Theatre as Cunigonde, in 
"The Robber of the Rhine," an opera of which Maurice Barrymore wrote the book 
and Charles Puerner the music, this following a tour with the Bennett & Moulton 
Opera Compan} r , in which she played thirty-eight different operatic roles, ranging 
from the prima donna's part to that of an old woman. She won favor for the 
first time when she appeared with Camille D'Arville, in "Madeleine, or the 
Magic Kiss," and became still more prominent on the stage as the Queen in "1492." 
After playing with Eddie Foy in "Little Robinson Crusoe" in Chicago she appeared 
for a time at the Garden Theatre, New York, under the management of the late 
A. M. Palmer. Following her support of Miss Lillian Russell, in "My Lady Nico- 
tine," she was engaged by George W. Lederer to create at the Casmo, New York, 
the part of Flo Honeydew in "The Lady Slavey," the late Dan Daly also being in 
the cast. In this she made the chief success of her career. Her next important 
roles were the leading comedy parts in "Hotel Topsy Turvey" and "The Man in the 
Moon," produced at the New York Theatre, New York. She appeared as a star in 
''Miss Prinnt," and when that was retired played leading roles in "The King's Car- 
nival" and "The Hall of Fame" at the New York Theatre. After recovering from a 
serious illness, in 1905, she was engaged by Joe Weber, and became the feature of 
"Higgledy-Piggledy," "The College Widower," "Twiddle Twaddle" and "The Squaw 
Man's Girl of the Golden West," played at his Broadway (New York) music hall. 
The fall of 1906 she again joined the Weber company. 



DIXON, THOMAS, JR., playwright and novelist, was born in Shelby, 
N. C., January 11, 1864, being the son of the Rev. Thomas and Mrs. 
Amanda (McAfee) Dixon. He was graduated from Wake Forest College, 
North Carolina, with the degree of A. M., in 1883, and from the Greens- 
boro (N. C.) Law School in 1886. He M<as admitted to the bar in all North Caro- 
lina courts and the United States District and Supreme Court the same year. He 
held a scholarship in history and politics at the Johns Hopkins University, 1883-'84, 
Mr. Dixon was a member of the North Carolina Legislature from 1884 to 1886, 
giving up politics to enter the Baptist ministry October, 1886. He was pastor of 

79 



congregations at Raleigh. X. (_'., 1887; Boston. Mass., 1888-'89. and New York. 
1889 to 1899. during which time he held Sunday services in the Academy of Music. 
Throughout this time and also until 1902 he was a popular lyceum lecturer. 

In 1902 Mr. Dixon retired to his country home at Dixonvale, Va., and devoted 
himself entirely to literary pursuits. His first novel. "The Leopard's Spots," was 
published in 1902. Then followed "The One Woman," in 1903, and "The Clans- 
man" and "The Life Worth Living/' in 1905. That same year Mr. Dixon entered 
the ranks of dramatic authors with an adaptation of "The Clansman" which 
caused much comment on account of its attitude on the negro question. He has 
also adapted "The One Woman" for the stage, and lias made a play of his latest 
novel. "The Traitor/ recently published. Mr. Dixon is vice-president of the 
Southern Amusement Company, and has become an independent author-manager, 
producing his own plays. 

Mr. Dixon married Harriet Bussey at Montgomery. Ala.. March 3. 1886. He 
is a member of The Players, Xew York. 



DKEYV, JOHN, actor, was born in Philadelphia in November, 1853. His 
father, John Drew, was a celebrated comedian and Irish character actor. 
His mother was for many years a famous actress, one of her last successes- 
being as Mrs. Malaprop, with Joseph Jefferson, in "The Rivals." John 
Drew. Sr., was manager of the Arch Street Theatre. Philadelphia, when he died, in 
18(52. and Mrs. Dre\v maintained a stock company at that theatre until 1877. She 
died August 31, 1897. 

John Drew, the younger, was educated at the Protestant Episcopal Academy, in 
Philadelphia, and did not adopt the stage as a profession until he was twenty years 
old. He made his first appearance at the Arch Street Theatre, under his mother's 
management, March 23. 1873, as Plumper, in the farce, "Cool as a Cucumber/' He 
next played Hornblower. in "The Laughing Hyena," and during the next two years 
played many small parts, to use his own words, "without making a particular im- 
pression with either the audience or myself." 

Augustin Daly first saw John Drew in the part of Major Alfred Steele. in a three 
act comedy. "Women of the Day," in January, 1875. The manager bought the 
comedy and produced it at his New York theatre, with James Lewis in the leading 
part. A few weeks later he engaged Mr. Drew, and in February, 1875, John Drew 
made his first appearance in New York with the Daly company as Bob Ruggles, in 
"The Big Bonanza." Then he appeared in "Pique" and many light comedies. He 
played his i'nst Shakespearian part in 1876. in support of Edwin Booth, who had 
rented Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre for a season. Mr. Drew's part was Rosencrantz, 
in "Hamlet." He also played Francois, in "Richelieu," Exton, in "Richard II.," 
Clavis, in "The Lady of Lyons." Francis, in "The Stranger," and Hortensio. in 
"The Taming of the Shrew." The seasons of 1877-'78 were spent in support of 
Fanny Davenport, who toured the country in "As You Like It" and other Daly suc- 
cesses. The season of 1878-'79 was spent with Frederick Warde and Maurice Barry- 
more, who roured the country as joint stars, Mr. Drew plaving Henry Beauclerc, in 
"Diplomacy." 

In 1880 Mr. Daly founded the theatre in Broadway, New York, which still hears 
his name, and John Drew "became his leading man, a place he occupied for twelve 
years. In that time he created a large number of light comedy roles, besides ap- 
pearing in many Shakespearian plays and revivals of old standard comedies. In the 
older plays his conspicuous successes were in "The Inconstant/ "She Would and She 
Wouldn't," "The Country Girl" and "The School for Scandal." In Mr. Daly's adap- 

RI 



tatious from the French and the German he made personal successes in "The Kni!- 
road of Love/' "Dollars and Sense. " "A Night Off," "Nancy and Co.." "Seven- 
Twenty-Eight." "The Last Word" and ''Love in Tandem." usually sharing the 
iionors with Ada Rehan. Mr. Drew's work was fa\orably received in Louden and 
Paris during the visits of the Daly company to Europe in 1884. 188(5. 1888 and 1890. 

In 1892 John Drew became a star, under the direction of Charles Frohman. 
making his first appearance at Palmer's Theatre, New York. October :>. in Clyde 
Fitch's adaptation of Aiexandre Bisson's comedy. "The Masked Ball." Mr. Drew 
starred as Frederick Ossian, in "The Butterflies," by Henrv Guv Carleton ; in "Chris- 
topher, Jr.," by Madeline Lucette Riley : in "The Bauble Shop." by Henry Arthur 
Jones; as Sir Jasper Thorndyke, in "Rosemary": in "'A Marriage of Convenience": 
as Major Dick Rndyard, in "One Summer's Day," by Henry V. Esmond, and as Sir 
Christopher Deering, in "The Liars." by Henry Arthur Jones. Other plays in which 
he lias starred are: "The Tyranny of Tears," 1899-1900: "Richard Carvel," 
1900-'<)1 : "The Second in Command." 1901-'02 ; "The Mummy and the Humming 
Bird." 1902-"03: "Captain Dieppe," 1903-*04: "The Duke of Killicrankie." 19()4-'05, 
and "DeLancey," 1905-'06. 

Mr. Drew married Josephine Baker, of Philadelphia, and they have one 
daughter. Their home is at Easthampton, Long Island. Mr. Drew i< a member o.f 
The Players, The Lambs, the Green Room Club, the Actors' Fund Association, the 
Racquet and Tennis Club, the Brook Club and the Westchester Countv Club, nil of 
New York. 



EARL, MISS VIRGINIA (MRS. FRANK LAWTON), actress and 
light opera prima donna, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, August (i. 187-">. 
She made her first appearance on the stage as Xanki Pooh, in "The 
Mikado." in 1887, while a member of the Home Juvenile Opera Company. 
She also played the principal "tenor" parts in "Patience," "Pinafore" and "The 
Pirates of Penzance" with this organization. A Western tour with the Pike Opera 
Company ended in San Francisco, where Miss Earl joined Hallen and Hart, play- 
ing in "Later On" with them for two seasons. Mis* Earl's next engagement was 
with Edward E. Rice, under whose management she spent three years in Australia, 
playing Gabriel, in "Evangel irie" ; Taggs. in "The County Fair"; Fedora, in "The 
Corsair," and Dan Deny, in "Cinderella." 

Returning to this country. Miss Earl played the lunch counter girl, in Hovt's 
farce "A Hole in the Ground." Then she joined the I). W. Truss Opera Company, 
playing Mataya, in "Wang," on the road for two seasons. Following this she made 
her first appearance in New York in 1893, being engaged for the Casino Theatre. 
where her first role was in "The Passing Show." Roles in "The Merry World." in 
"Gay New York" and in "The Lady Slavey" also served to show her ability. 

After four seasons at the Casino Mi^s Earl was engaged by Angustin Daly to 
play Mollie Searnore, in "The Geisha," in 1897. Under Mr. Daly's management 
she also played Flora, in "Meg Merrilies"; Ada Rehan's maid, in "The Wonder." 
and in several Shakespearian plays. Her Ariel, in "The Tempest," called forth the 
highest praise. Then Miss Earl again slipped back into musical comedy, winning 
laurels as Dora, in "The Circus Girl," and Winnifred Grey, in "A Runaway Girl." 
The death of Augustin Daly terminated Miss Earl's career at the theatre bearing 
his name, and she went back to the Casino in 1900, making her reappearance as 
Percy Ethelbert Frederick Algernon Cholmondely, in "The Casino Girl." 

Tn the fall of the same year Miss Earl played in "The Girl from Up There," 
under the management of Charles Frohman, and later in "The Belle of Bohemia." 

81 



The season of 1901-'02 she played in "Florodora," at the Xew York Theatre Winter 
Garden. The following season she starred in "Sergeant Kitty/' under the manage- 
ment of George B. White. For the last two years Miss Earl has been seen chiefly 
at the vaudeville houses. 

Miss Earl was married to Frank Lawton, who at the time was playing the 
dancing master and doing a whistling specialty in "The Milk White Flag," at Hoyt's 
Theatre, New York. October 15, 1894. She obtained a divorce from him eight 
years later. 



EBERLE, EUGENE A., actor, born in 1840, is an actor by inheritance, as 
his grandfather, Adam Eberle, was an actor, and his father, Charles Eberle, 
and Edwin Forrest made their professional debuts together in a circus, 
Eberle playing cornet and Forrest doing flip-flaps. Eugene was carried 
on the stage when he was four months old, at Bangor, Me. Twenty years afterward 
he made his debut in the same city, playing Paris, in "Romeo and Juliet." After 
a season in an "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company, which was transformed into a minstrel 

show, Mr. Eberle supported Charlotte Cush- 
man, playing the Apothecary, in "Romeo 
and Juliet," and the Surveyor, in "Henry 
VII I." He then went to New York to play 
at the Winter Garden, under W. M. Fleming, 
at a salary of $6 a week, which he never got. 
Maggie Mitchell followed Fleming, and Mr. 
Eberle became second low comedian at the 
Winter Garden, under Stuart, Booth and 
Clark. He remained there four years, 
eventually becoming first comedian. He" 
played in the hundred nights' run of "Ham- 
let" in which Edwin Booth was the Dane and 
Charles Kemble Mason the Ghost. Eberle 
first played Second Gravedigger, and about 
the middle of the run succeeded Thomas 
Placide as First Gravedigger. He played 
with the Booth brothers in "Julius Caesar" 
the night in 1863 when Southern sympa- 
thizers tried to burn New York. Edwin Booth was the Brutus, Junius Brutus 
Booth, Jr., the Cassius. and John Wilkes the Marc Antony. Just as John Wilkes 
began the funeral oration the fire department broke in in ame to prevent the firing 
of the theatre. 

After many engagements in support of stars and in stock companies, including 
those at the Leland Opera House, Albany, and the Boston Theatre, Mr. Eberle 
joined the Joseph Jefferson company, playing Tackleton in "The Cricket on the 
Hearth," and Cockles, in "Rip Van Winkle," in the season of 1885-'86. The next 
year he supported Madame Janauschek, playing Dominie Sampson, in "Meg Mer- 
rilies," which he had previously played with Charlotte Cushman. Then came three 
seasons with "The Still Alarm." In 1890-'91 he was with A. M. Palmer's "Aunt 
Jack" company. Since then he has played in "Colonel Carter of Carters ville," 
"Across the Potomac," "Shiloh," etc., and he has supported Robert Mantell and Mar- 
garet Mather. He played four seasons with Otis Skinner and two with Annie Rus- 
sell, playing Pete, in "Mice and Men," and old Parling, in "The Younger Miss Par- 
ling." He then played another season with Skinner, and was last seen as Senator 

82 




Koberts, in the original "The Lion and the Mouse" company, at the Lyceum Theatre, 
New York. His permanent address is Box 32, Chatham, N. Y. 



EDESON, ROBERT, was horn in New Orleans, his father, George E. 
Edeson, being a well known comedian and stage manager. He was edu- 
cated in Brooklyn, N. Y., and in 1886 became box office clerk at the Park 
Theatre there, then under the management of Colonel Sinn. The follow- 
ing year when Cora Tanner was to produce "Fascination" there, an actor cast 
for a minor part became ill. The Colonel was in a dilemma. Young Edeson 
volunteered to play the part, and Colonel Sinn offered to bet him a hundred dollars 
he could not succeed. But Edeson did succeed, and for his first appearance on any 
stage he earned $100 in a night. The following season Mr. Edeson played a juvenile 
part in a small company presenting Augustin Daly's "A Night Off." After a season 
with "The Dark Secret" Mr. Edeson joined Charles Dickson's company, playing in 
"Incog." In this company he met Ellen Burg, an actress, whom he made his 
wife. She died in June, 1906. 

In 1896 Mr. Edeson joined the Empire stock company, and as understudy to 
William Faversham jumped to the front in the latter's part, Gil De Berault, in. 
"Under the Red Kobe." Mr. Edeson next attracted attention as leading man in 
Amelia Bingham's production of "The Climbers." In the winter of 1902 he be- 
came a star, playing Augustus Thomas's dramatization of Eichard Harding Davis's 
novel, "Soldiers of Fortune." The season of 1905-'06 Mr. Edeson starred in 
"Strongheart," an Indian play. 



EDWARDES, GEORGE, manager, was born in Dublin in 1852 and wa* 
intended for the army, but while "cramming" he was asked by his uncle, 
the late Michael Gunn, a Dublin theatrical manager, to look after his 
company, which was touring in "The Lady of Lyons." This glimpse of 
management decided him to join the profession. He went to London with introduc- 
tions from Gunn and was engaged by D'Oyley Carte as business manager of the 
Opera Comique, and afterward of the Savoy. He continued so until 1882, when 
he formed a syndicate and leased the Gaiety Theatre from the late John Hollings- 
head, becoming its sole manager. He produced "Jack Sheppard," the first of a long 
series of Gaiety successes. "Monte Cristo," "Esmeralda," "Buy Bias" and "Car- 
men-L T p-To-Date" followed. Mr. Edwardes was the originator of that class of 
entertainment known as "musical comedies," the first big successes in this line being 
"The Shop Girl," "A Gaiety Girl" and "A Runaway Girl." He became lessee of 
Daly's Theatre, London, after Augustin Daly's death, and there produced a succes- 
sion of musical comedies, including "An Artist's Model," "Florodora." "The Geisha," 
"San Toy" and many others equally popular. These and the Gaiety plays were 
toured all over England and the United States. Mr. Edwardes has managed or 
been interested in many other theatres, either alone or in partnership with Charles 
Frohman, Frank Curzon and other well known managers. Practically all the pieces 
which he has produced have been seen in the United States, South Africa and Aus- 
tralasia. He is the busiest and most experienced theatrical manager in London at 
the present time, if not in the entire world. His chief recreation is horse racing, and 
he owns a fine stable, which is under the control of his brother, Major Edwardes. 
Mr. Edwardes married in 1885 Julia Gwynn, an actress, who created many parts in 
the early operas of Gilbert and Sullivan at the Savoy Theatre, London. 

83 



EDWARDS, JULIAN, composer, was born in Manchester, England, De- 
cember 17, 1855. He came from a well known Scottish musical family, and 
his sisters Fanny (Mrs. Harry Clifton) and Annie (Mrs. Red fern Hollins) 
were well known on the English operatic stage. His early days were spent 
in Edinburgh, and he first studied music at the University there under Sir Herbert 
Oakeley. For some years Mr. Edwards was associated with the Carl Rosa Opera 
Company, and in 1880 he became conductor of the Royal English Opera Company, 
a -place he occupied for six or seven years. The first important work from his pen 
was "Victorian." a grand opera in four acts, the book of which was founded on 
Longfellow's poem. "The Spanish Student.'' This was produced at Sheffield, Eng- 
land. March fi, 1883, and afterward played at Covent Garden Theatre, London. 

Mr. Edwards came to this country in 1888 and became musical director for many 
light opera companies. While associated with the Digby Bell company his first 
light opera. "Jupiter," book by Harry B. Smith, was produced April 14, 1892, in 
Washington, D. C. It had a rim of 300 nights. At Herrmann's Theatre, New 
York, on January 20, 1893, the first joint production of Stanislaus Stange and 
Julian Edwards, a combination which to some extent resembled that of Gill)ert and 
Sullivan in England, was produced by the Manola-Mason company. It was a 
musical comedy. "Friend Fritz." founded on the Erckmann-Chatrian romance. 

Mr. Edwards's next and most ambitious production in this country was a grand 
opera in miniature, "King Rene's Daughter," first played at Herrmann's Theatre, 
Xew York, Xovember 22, 1893. "Madeleine, or the Magic Kiss," by Stange and 
Edwards, was produced at the Tremont Theatre. Boston, July 31, 1894, and after- 
ward ran three months at the Bijou Theatre. Xew York. "The Goddess of Truth," 
written for Lillian Russell, was produced at Abbey's Theatre, Xew York, in February, 
1890, and on October 18 of the same year "Brian Boru," produced at the Broadway 
Theatre. Xew Y'ork. met with marked success. 

Later operas composed by Mr. Edwards have been "The Wedding Day." in which 
Lillian Russell, Delia Fox and Jefferson De Angelis appeared at the Casino Theatre, 
Xew York; "Dolly Yarden," written for Lulu Glaser. and "When Johnny Comes 
Marching Home/' "Princess Chic," "The Jolly Musketeer," for Francis Wilson: 
"Love's Lottery." for Madame Schumann-Hcink, and "The Girl and the Governor." 
Mr. Edwards is also the composer of the grand operas "Elfinella" and "Corinne." 
as yet unproduced, and the cantatas "The Redeemer" and "The Mermaid." 

Mr. Edwards married in Xew York January 9, 1889. Philippine Siedle, a well 
known English prim a donna. He is a member of The Players, The Lambs and 
the Lotos clubs and the Manuscript Society, Xew York. His home is at Sunnyside 
Drive. Lndlow. Yonkers, X. Y. 



EDWARDES, MISS PAULA, comedienne arid light opera singer, was 
born and educated in Boston,. She made her first appearance on the stage 
in that city in the chorus of "Tabasco," of which Thomas Q. Seabrooke 
was the star. She w r as also understudy to Miss Elvia Crox. then Mrs. 
Seabrooke, and an opportunity to play the leading soubrette part at the first matinee 
of the play. Miss Crox falling ill. allowed her to show her ability. The following 
season she was with Hoyt's "A Black Sheep" company, still in the chorus. Bettina 
Gerard, who played the Queen of Burlesque, left the company and Miss Edwardes 
was promoted to her place. A year later, after appearing in "A Dangerous Maid," 
Miss Edwardes made her first noteworthy success by creating the part of Mamie 
Clancy, a Bowery girl, in the original production of "The Belle of Xew York," at 
the Casino Theatre, Xew York. She also played the part in London with the com- 

84 



pany headed by Edna May. Her next engagement was with August in Daly at his 
New York Theatre, where she created the part of Carmenita, in ''A Runawav Girl." 
and gained popularity with the song "High Society." Miss Fdwardes next attracted 
attention as Louise Jupp, in "The Great Ruby." In !!)()() she played the part of 
Honorah, in "Mam'zelle 'Awkins." After appearing in revivals of "A Runaway 
Girl" Miss Edwardes became a star, under the management of the Shuberts, play- 
ing the title part in "Winsome Winnie/' a light opera which ran for two seasons on 
the road and was also seen at the Casino Theatre, Xew York. The season of !!)<)'> 
she starred in "Princess Beggar," a comic opera. 



EVES8OX, MISS ISABELLE, actress, was horn in Xew York in 1*70 
and is descended from one of the old Knickerbocker families, her grand- 
father being Abraham Bassford, who owned a large estate at Fordham, and 
her grandmother Mrs. Abby C. Kipp. Her father, Henry Evesson, Jr.. a 
New York merchant, died early in life. Miss Evesson was fourteen years old when 
she decided on a stage career. Her mother took her to Augustin Daly to ask his 
advice. "What can you do?" he asked the child. "Nothing," she replied, "but I 

am willing to learn." The answer 
pleased the manager so that he engaged 
her. and she remained in his company 
two years, playing small parts and un- 
derstudying. When she left Daly's 
Theatre she played a short engagement 
with Richard Mansfield, and then at 
Wallack's Theatre created the role of 
Fuchsia Leach, in "Moths." After 
this she was leading woman at the Bos- 
ton Museum for two seasons. Sir 
Charles Wvndham saw her there and 
offered her a prominent part at his 
London theatre, where she made a 
marked success. Returning to the 
United States, she toured as Dearest, 
in "Little Lord Fauntleroy." While 
playing Rosa Leigh, in "Rosedale," she 
Ejjtt. met and married a companion of her 
childhood. Almyr Wilder Cooper, a 
2MB well known newspaper man, nephew 
of Clark Davis, for many years editor 
of "The Philadelphia Times." In less 
than two years Mr. Cooper was killed 
<n an accident. His widow later as- 
sumed her maiden name, accepted an 

engagement from Charles Frohman and returned to the stage. Miss Evesson was 
leading woman at the American Theatre when it first opened with a stock company. 
She played two successful seasons with the Keith Stock Company at Providence. 
R. I. The season of 1904 she was starred in "In the Palace of the King," and 
the seasons of 190o-'0<> she was leading woman at Proctor's Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
New York. 





MISS MAXINE ELLIOTT. 



ELLIOTT, MISS MAXINE (MRS. NATHANIEL C. GOODWIN), 
actress, was born in Rock) and, Me., February 5, 18T3, and spent much of 
her childhood on a large sailing ship, of which her father. Thomas Dermot, 
of Oakland, Cal., was captain. Subsequently she spent about a year at the 
convent of Notre Dame, Roxbury, Mass., and went to New York when she was barely 
sixteen years old to begin the struggle of "carving out a career." She made her 
first appearance on any stage in the part of Felicia Umphraville, in "The Middle- 
man," the season of 1890-'91 in New York with E. S. Willard, under the manage- 
ment of A. M. Palmer. She also played Virginia Fleetwood, in "John Needham's 
Double" ; Beatrice Selwyn, in "A Fool's Paradise," and Lady Gilding, in "The Pro- 
fessor's Love Story." After that she joined "The Prodigal Daughter" company, at 
the American Theatre, New York, and remained there to play the second part in 
"The Voyage of Suzette," which ran only two or three weeks. 

She then joined Rose Coghlan's company and played Dora, in "Diplomacy"; 
Grace Harkaway, in "London Assurance"; Alice Varney, in "Forget-Me-Not," and 
Mrs. Allenby, in "A Woman of .No. Importance." Augustin Daly then engaged 
her, and at his theatre she appeared in the title role of "A Heart of Ruby," in 
"The Orient Express," in "A Bundle of Lies" and in "A Tragedy Rehearsal." 
She also played Silvia, in "Two Gentlemen of Verona" ; Hermia, in "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream," and Olivia, in "Twelfth Night." In 18 ( J5 she went to London 
with this company, where her beauty attracted great attention. After a summer 
engagement with the Daniel Frawley Stock Company in San Francisco, she joined 
Nat Goodwin's company in 1896, becoming his leading woman. In that, year she 
obtained a divorce from her first husband, George A. McDermott. a lawyer and 
Mayor's Marshal under Mayor Grace of New York. She was married to Mr. Good- 
win February 20, 1898. With him she appeared as Portia, in "The Merchant of 
Venice"; Hermia, in "A Midsummer Night's Dream"; in "An American Citizen," 
"The Cowboy and the Lady," "When We Were Twenty-One" and many of the othei 
plays in his large repertoire. The season of 1903-"04 she was starred by Charles B. 
Dillingham in Clyde Fitch's play "Her Own Way," and in 1905-'06 in another 
Fitch play, "Her Great Match." Miss Elliott spends most of her leisure time 
abroad, having a town house in London. Gertrude Elliott, also an actress, now the 
wife of Forbes-Robertson, the English actor, is her sister. 



EMERY, EDWARD, actor, born in England, comes from one of the most 
famous families in the annals of the English stage. In 1780 his great- 
grandfather, John Emery, was a well known actor and manager of a theatre 
in the town of Sunderland. His son, John Anderson Emery, was a most 
popular London actor in the last century, and Edward Emery's father, the late Sam 
Emery, was the creator on the English stage of many of the characters in Dickens's 
plays, such as Dan'l Peggotty, Cap'n Cuttle and John Browdie. Edward Emery's 
sister, Winifred Emery, the wife of Cyril Maude, the well known London actor- 
manager, holds with Ellen Terry the first place in the hearts of English playgoers. 
Edward Emery first came to the United States with one of Sir Charles Wyndham's 
companies, and at the end of that company's tour in this country joined the forces 
of the late A. M. Palmer. He afterward played under the managements of Charles 
Frohman, Liebler & Co. and Klaw & Erlanger. Early in 1906 he became a member 
of Margaret Anglin's "Zira" company, playing the part of Captain Sylvester. Char- 
acters in which he has achieved prominence have been Captain Redwood, in "Jim 
the Penman," and Lord Robert I T re. in "The Christian." 

87 




\ 



I *1- *j^.* - . 

" ^t J-* \'v 

..^K V N 

. "-V?.- 






MISS GRACE ELLISTON. 

(Photograph by Aime Dupont.) 



ELLISTOX, MISS GRACE, actress, was horn in West Virginia and edu- 
cated in Episcopal schools. When she was seventeen years old it was 
planned that she should enter a convent, hut. her father dying suddenly, 
it became necessary that she should aid the family, and the stage was 
selected as a medium. She made her first appearance with Daniel Frohman's com- 
pany, in "His Excellency, the Governor." She was then in "The Tyranny of 
Tears" and "Wheels Within Wheels." Then followed three summers on the coast, 
during which she played all kinds of parts with Henry Millers company. 

She then appeared in "The Taming of Helen'' at the Savoy Theatre, New York, 
where Richard Mansfield engaged her for his leading woman. She made her first 
big success with him in "Alt Heidelberg." 

Miss Elliston then played Olivia, in "Twelfth Night." with Viola Allen, and 
then became leading woman with Nat Goodwin. Finallv she played her hest part, 
that of Mildred Gresham, with Sarah Cowell Lemoyne. in Robert Browning's drama 
"A Blot in the 'Scutcheon." The season of 190o-'06 Miss Elliston created the part 
of Shirlev Rossmore, in "The Lion and the Mouse," at the Lyceum Theatre. New 
York. 

Miss Elliston's New York address is No. 155 West 48th street. 



ENGLANDER,. LUDWIG, composer, was born in Austria and emigrated 
from Vienna to New York in 1882. He was conductor of the Thalia 
Theatre when Heinrich Conried was director of it, and there produced his 
first opera, "The Prince Consort." He occupied the same place at AmbergV 
German Theatre, w T here his opera, "1776," was produced. His first stage score 
for the English stage was that for "The Passing Show," produced by George 
Lederer at the Casino, New York, in which Jefferson De Angelis played. He 
followed "The Passing Show" with "The Twentieth Century Girl." Ther 
in succession followed "A Round of Pleasure," for the Rogers Brothers; "A 
Daughter of the Revolution," for Camille D'Arville; "The Caliph," for Jefferson 
De Angelis; for Francis Wilson "Half a King." "The Little Corporal" and "The 
Monks of Malabar"; "The Rounders." for Thomas Q. Seabrooke; "In Gay Paree," 
for Mabelle Gilman ; "The Casino Girl," for Virginia Earle ; "The Wild Rose," for 
Irene Bentley; "Sally in Our Alley," for Marie Cab ill; "The Cadet Girl," for 
Christie MacDonald ; "The Belle of Bohemia," for Sam Bernard ; "The Office Boy," 
for Frank Daniels: "A Madcap Princess," for Lulu Glaser, and "The Two Roses," 
for Fritzi Scheff. In all, Mr. Englander has written the music for thirty-five 
operas. He is also well knowii as a writer of popular songs, more especially in 
collaboration with Harry B. Smith. His home is No. 351 West 144th street 
New York. 

EVANS, CHARLES E., manager and actor, was born in Rochester, N. Y., 
September 6, 1856. In an effort to pay for a piano bought for his school 
a series of entertainments was given by the pupils, and Evans was applauded 
so greatly by the audiences and the press that he decided to become a rea] 
actor. This was against the wishes of his parents, and he ran away from home. 
He first appeared in various vaudeville companies with James Niles in humorous 
sketches. In 1879 he made a tour across the continent with Tony Pastor. Three 
years later Mr. Evans was associated with Messrs. Bryant, Hoey and Niles in a 
company know^n as the Meteors. The French sisters, who afterward became the 
wives of Messrs. Hoey and Evans, were members of this organization. After the 

89 



olio the company presented a farce called "The Book Agent," written for it by 
Frank Dumont. 

This farce, in which Mr. Evans was a book agent and Mr. Hoey a tramp, was so 
popular that they decided to have it elaborated into a farce comedy. Charles Hoyt 
was engaged to do this work, and he produced from it "A Parlor Match," which 
was presented by Evans and Hoey for many years. It is estimated that they cleared 
at least $300.000 with this play. The partnership of the two men was dissolved 
with the last performance of "A Parlor Match" in Harlem in 1894. 

Mr. Evans then abandoned his career as an actor and became a manager. He 
purchased the old Park Theatre, at Broadway and 35th street, New York, rebuilt 
and refurnished it and opened it as a theatre for the production of stars and new 
plays. He managed this house for several years under its new name, the Herald 
Square Theatre, and his administration was very successful. He resigned the 
management of the house a few years ago to return to the stage. 



EYTINGE, MISS ROSE (MKS. CYRIL 8EABLE), actress, was born 
in Philadelphia in 1835. She was educated there and in Brooklyn, where 
she acted as an amateur. Her first professional appearance was as Melanie, 
in "The Old Guard," a one act drama, at the Green Street Theatre, 
Albany, X. Y., with Hough's Dramatic Company, in 1852. After ten years in 
stock companies, she made her first appearance in New York at the Olympia 
Theatre in 1862. For some time she was in Edwin Booth's company, and in 1868 
she was leading woman in Lester Wallack's company, playing Xancy Sykes and 
Lady Gay Spanker with pronounced success. She was leading woman at the Union 
Square Theatre, Xew York, creating in this country the parts of Eose Michel, 
Felicia and Gervaise, in "Drink." 

In 1880 Miss Eytinge went to London and supported Barry Sullivan and many 
other English stars. She returned to this country in 1884 and played many engage- 
ments. Of late years her appearances have been infrequent, and she has devoted 
her time chiefly to teaching the art of acting and to writing for the magazines. 
She is the author of a novel, "It Happened This Way," and a play, "Golden 
Chains." Miss Eytinge has been married thrice, first to David Barnes, next to 
George H. Butler, United States Consul General to Egypt, and thirdly to Cyril 
Searle, an actor. Her home is No. 214 West 83d street, Xew York. 



FAVEBSHAM, WILLIAM ALFRED, actor, was born at Xo. 1 Bentic 
Terrace, St. John's Wood, London, England, February 12, 1868. He was 
the youngest of thirteen children. He had been on the English stage only 
a few months, when he came to Xew York, in 1887, to support Helen 
Hastings at the Union Square Theatre. He afterward joined the Lyceum Com- 
pany, appearing as Eobert Grey, in "The Wife," and in "The Highest Bidder." 
Tiring of the stage, he returned to England, but came back to America at the end 
of 1888 and played Leo, in Rider Haggard's' "She." With Mrs. Minnie Maddern 
Fiske, Mr. Faversham played Carrol Glendenning, in "In Spite of All"; Jacob 
Henderson, in "Caprice"; Helmer, in "A Doll's House," and Valentine and Don 
Stephano, in "Featherbrain." Returning to the Lyceum Company, he appeared as 
Clement Hale, in "Sweet Lavender" ; Lord Seymour, in "The Prince and the 
Pauper," and Alfred Hastings, in "All the Comforts of Home." 

After a season with Augustus Pitou, Mr. Faversham went to the Empire Theatre, 
Xew York, and played second parts. The end of the second year he succeeded 

90 

I 

\ 



Henry Miller as leading man, making his first appearance in that capacity as Gil de 
Berault, in "Under the Eed Kobe/' which ran the entire season. The following 
year he was the Eric von Rocleck of "The Conqueror" and the Lord Algy of "Lord 
and Lady Algy." Other parts played with the Empire Company were Lieutenant 
John Hinds, in "Brother Officers" ; Jack Martin, in "My Lady's Lord," and Roger 
Ainslie, in "A Man and His Wife." He also played in "Sowing the Wind/' "Don 
Ca3sar," "Phroso," "John-a-Dreams," "Impudence" and "Letty," and was the Romeo 
to the Juliet of Maude Adams. 

In March, 1902, Mrs. Marian Faversham, who was a widow when she was 
married to the actor ten years before, obtained an absolute divorce. The same year 
Mr. Faversham married Julie Opp, an actress. They have one son, William Crozier 
Faversham, born October 31, 1905. 

Mr. Faversham made one of the chief successes of the 1905-'OG season as Jim 
Carson, in "The Squaw Man," by Edwin Milton Royle, which had a long run at 
Wallack's Theatre, Xew York, under the management of Liebler & Co. 

Mr. Faversham is one of the biggest breeders of bull terriers in America. He 
has a farm in the south of England, where he has imported the American trotting 
horse, the breeding of which he has found profitable. 



FEALY, MISS MAUDE, actress, was born in Memphis, Tenn., March 4, 
1886. Her mother, Margaret Fealy, was on the stage for eighteen years, 
and now conducts the Tabor School of Acting at Denver, Col. Miss Fealy 
first appeared on the stage at the age of four in the tableau of "Faust and 
Marguerite," her mother playing Marguerite. As a pupil of her mother's school 
Miss Fealy appeared in public as Yera, in "Moths"; Juliet, in "Romeo and Juliet"; 
Galatea, in "Pygmalion and Galatea"; Louise, in "The Two Orphans"; in "Sweet 
Lavender/' and as Kathleen, in "Mavourneen." 

She was fourteen years old when Augustin Daly saw her play Juliet and was 
so impressed that he engaged her for five years. Mr. Daly's death cancelled this 
contract, and Miss Fealy was engaged for Eunice, in "Quo Yadis," by F. C. Whit- 
ney, under whose direction she made her first appearance in New York. This led 
to her engagement as leading woman by William Gillette. Miss Fealy, who at that 
time was sixteen years old, remained with Mr. Gillette for two seasons, playing in 
this country and in England the role of Alice Faulkner, in "Sherlock Holmes." 
Her work in England attracted E. S. Willard, with whom she played Lucy, in "The 
Professor's Love Story"; Mary, in "The Middleman"; Ada, in "David Garrick/' 
and Filaberta, in "The Cardinal." Following this engagement Miss Fealy sup- 
ported Orrin Johnson as a co-star in "Hearts Courageous" at the Broadway Theatre. 
She also played Felicite, in Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's play "That Man and I." 
The most important engagement of her career was that of leading woman with 
Sir Henry Irving, she playing Ellen Terry's roles of Rosamonde, in "Becket"; 
Julie, in "The Lyons Mail" ; X orah, in "Waterloo," and Marie, in "Louis XL" Last 
season Miss Fealy starred as Ernestine, in Martha Morton's "The Truth Tellers," 
but ended as leading woman with William Collier in "On the Quiet." Miss Fealy 
has appeared at Elitch's Garden, in Denver, every summer for the last seven years, 
during which time she has appeared in "A Royal Family," "Prince and the Pauper," 
"Dorothy Yernon," "Little Lord Fauntleroy," "Mice and Men," "The Li.ttle Min- 
ister," "When Knighthood was in Flower," "Romeo and Juliet," "The Christian," 
"Faust" and "Lady Dainty." In September, 1906, Miss Fealy signed with John 
Cort for five years, making her first appearance as a star in the title role of Martha 
Morton's latest comedy, "The Illusion of Beatrice." 

91 



FARNUM, DUSTIN, actor, was born at Hampton Beach. Xe\v Hampshire, 
in 1876, his parents heing G. D. and Clara Adele Farmim. He has two 
brothers, William and Marshall Farnum, who are also players. He began 
his stage career with his brother William while they were still attending 
school at Locksport, Me., appearing during the summer months in a singing spe- 
cialty with a company of Thomas E. Shea and in a singing and dancing specialty 
with the "Hidden Hand" company. His first professional engagement was with 

the p]thel Tucker Repertoire Company, with 
which he toured the New England states. 
A season in stock at Buffalo followed. In 
1899 he played his first important role and 
first attracted attention as Lieutenant Den- 
ton, in Augustus Thomas's "Arizona," under 
the management of the late Kirke La Shelle. 
He made the greatest success of his career 
as the Virginian, in the dramatization of 
Owen Wister's novel of that name by Mr. 
Wister and the late Kirke La Shelle, which 
opened in September, 1903. and ran for 
twenty- two weeks at the Manhattan Theatre, 
New York, and is still one of the most popu- 
lar plays on the stage. Although Mr. Far- 
num had never seen a cowboy and created 
the character solely by study of the novel, 
his portrayal of the type was so faithful to 
the original that he met with remarkable 
success in the West. H<; is an enthusiastic baseball "fan" and fond of yachting 
and airtomobilinsr. 




FERNANDEZ, MISS BIJOU (MRS. W. L. ABINGDON), actress was 
born in New York, being the daughter of Mrs. E. L. Fernandez, a well 
known theatrical agent, and the granddaughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Bradshaw, who for years were attached to the old and new Bowery Theatre 
companies. Miss Fernandez made her first appearance when only a child at the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, as Little May, in "May Blossom." She after- 
ward played Arthur, in "King John," with Edwin Booth; Little Meenie, in "Rip 
Van Winkle," with Joseph Jefferson; Baby Fritz, with J. K. Emmett; Little 
Lord Fauntleroy, and Topsy, in the children's "Uncle Tom's Cabin'' company. 
About this time Augustin Daly signed a seven years' contract with her parents for 
the child's services, and also undertook complete charge of her education. With 
the Daly company she played many parts, being especially successful as Puck, in "A 
Midsummer Night's Dream." She was the youngest Puck ever seen in this country. 
Her engagement ended, she finished her education at the De Valencia Institute and 
returned to the stage to play the grown-up Meenie with Joseph Jefferson. After 
stock seasons at Washington, Baltimore, Troy and Albany, in 1899 she made a 
success as Rosalind, in "As You Like It." After a time in the Empire Theatre 
Stock Company, New York, she supported John Drew, in "One Summer's Day" ; 
Mrs. Fiske, in "Tess of the D'Urbervilles," and Amelia Bingham, in "The Climbers" 
and "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson." 

In 1900 Miss Fernandez made a good impression as Lygia, in "Quo Vadis," and 
was seen as Alison Devo. in "Hearts Aflame." In 1902 she was the star in the stock 



92 



company at the opening of the Circle Theatre, Xew York, and in 1894 she was the 
Marianne in the star cast of "The Two Orphans," and played in "The Fair 
Exchange." The season of 1906 she played the leading part in "The Redskin," at 
the Liberty Theatre, New York, and afterward Lonka, in "Arms and the Man," 
with Arnold Daly. She was married to W. L. Abingdon, the English actor, on 
May 29, 1906. 

FIELDS, LEWIS MAURICE (LEW), comedian, was born in Xew York 
January 1, 1867. He graduated from the Allen street public school, and 
began his career as an entertainer in 1877, in partnership with Joseph 
Weber, playing Dutch corned} sketches at the East Side variety houses. 
They were at first professionally known as "The Dutch Senators." For nearly 
twenty years Weber and Fields played in vaudeville houses, and in 1885 they formed 
their own company, still continuing their knockabout acts. Ten years later they 

leased a small theatre in Broadway, 
Xew York, and founded the entertain- 
ment which quickly became famous and 
lasted, as a successful partnership, until 
190-1. During that time they had in 
their company many of the most famous 
burlesque and light opera artists of the 
American stage and produced many 
successful musical entertainments, 
chiefly written by Edgar Smith, with 
music by John Stromberg. 

In 1904 the firm of Weber & Fields 
was dissolved, and Mr. Fields formed a 
partnership with Henry Hamlin and 
Julian Mitchell, producing similar en- 
tertainments, the first of which was "It 
Happened in Xordland." Mr. Fields 
also leased a theatre, built on West 42d 
street, Xew York, and named it Fields's 
Theatre. The season of 1906, however, 
he abandoned this and leased the Her- 
ald Square Theatre, Xew York, where. 
in the fall he produced "About Town." 
Mr. Fields's wife was Rose Harris. His 
home is Xo. 334 West 88th street, Xew 
York. His business address is Herald 

Square Theatre, Xew York, Fields's Theatre having been renamed the Hackett 
Theatre. 



FIG MAN, MAX, actor, was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1868. His father, 
Bernhart, and his mother, Henrietta Rappa Figman, came to this country 
in the early '70s. Max Figman showed histrionic talent at an early age and 
as a member of the Philadelphia Drawing Room Club he became an accom- 
plished amateur. He made his debut at the age of sixteen as Prosper Courmant, 
in "A Scrap of Paper," and later played in Willie Edouin's "Fun in a Photograph 
Gallery.''" His first marked success was as Jean Frangois, in "Passepartout." pro- 




duced on January 24, 1888, in Philadelphia under the management of Imre & 
Bolossy Kiralfy. 

Some of the parts he has played since then include Captain Jack O'Hara, in 
"Heartsease"; Jonas, the bell ringer, in "Dolores"; Butterfield, in "Le Voyage de 
Suzette"; General de Mauch, in "Love's Extract"; Captain Dandv, in "Burmah"; 
Jack McKay, in "The Absent Boy"; Dewey Bedford, in "A Ward of France"; 
Adhemar Gratignon, in "Divorgons"; Jules Barton, in "A Misfit Marriage"; Arthur 
Chamberlain, in "Club's Baby"; Dick Swiveller, in "Little Nell and the Marchion- 
ess"; Fournier, in "Miranda of the Balcony"; Torwald Helmar, in "A Doll's 
House"; Richard Murrv. in "Gretna Green," and Assessor Brack, in Hedda 
Gabler." 

Mr. Figman starred as Sir Reginald Belsize, in "The Marriage of Kitty," 
during the season of 1904-'05 and in 1905-'06 was featured as Grand Dudley, 
with Florence Roberts, in "Ann La Mont," and as Baron von Kleber, in "The 
Strength of the Weak." He will star under John Cort's management the 
coming season in "The Man On the Box," and will act as general stage director 
for Mr. Cort's attractions prior to his starring tour. Mr. Figman is an excellent 
horseman and is fond of rowing and fishing. He has written several plays and 
sketches and appeared for a short time in vaudeville in one of the latter. During 
his various engagements with Mrs. Fiske he staged for her "A Doll's House," "Mary 
of Magdala," "Divorgons" and "Miranda of the Balcony." 



FILKINS, MISS GRACE, actress, was born in Philadelphia. When Haver- 
ly's juvenile "Pinafore" company was formed she was engaged to sing 
and play the part of Josephine. Colonel John A. McCaull saw one of her 
performances and engaged her for his opera company. With this com- 
pany she made her first appearance in New York, playing in "Josephine Sold by Her 
Sisters," at Wallack's Theatre. A year later she was enrolled as a member of the 
Augustin Daly company at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, and there she entered into 
legitimate comedy work with such artists as Ada Rehan, John Drew and James T. 
Lewis. She appeared in such plays as "Love in Harness," "Nancy & Co.," "7-20-8.'" 
and as the Widow, in "Taming of the Shrew." Since then she has played 
Madame Olympe, in "Camille"; the Duchess, in "Adrienne Lecouvreur"; Phcebe, ir 
"As You Like It"; the juvenile role in "Donna Diana"; the page in "Much Ado 
About Nothing," and minor parts in "Cymbeline" and "Measure for Measure," 
under Madame Modjeska. She created the part of Fairy Graciosa, in "The Crystal 
Slipper" and was in McKee Rankin's "Runaway Wife" company. She has also 
played in the companies of Rosina Yokes and the late Sol Smith Russell. The fall 
season of 1906 she appeared in the initial production of "The Daughters of Men" 
September 24 in Boston. 



FISKE, HARRISON GREY, manager, author and journalist, was born 
at Harrison, Westchester County, New York, July 30, 1861, being the son 
of Lyman and Jane Maria (Durfee) Fiske and grandson of Jonathan and 
Eunice (Fiske) Durfee, residents of Wales, Mass. Through both parents 
he is descended from John Fiske, of Weybred, England, whose forefathers had dwelt 
at Laxfield, in the same county, since the time of Henry IV. Emigrating to New 
England in 1648, John Fiske settled at Watertown. One, if not more, of his 
numerous descendants bore arms in the Revolutionary War, Asa. his great-grandson, 

94 



being a lieutenant in Captain Froeborn Moulton's company of minute men in 
Colonel Danielson's regiment. 

Harrison Grey Fiske, after attending Dr. Chapin's Collegiate School in Xew 
York, spent some time in Europe, and then returned to his native country to enter 
the University of the City of Xew York. His tastes were literary, and while at 
college he wrote short stories and sketches for magazines and newspapers and 
corresponded for several Western dailies. He entered journalism regularly as 
editorial writer and dramatic critic on "The Jersey City Argus," and later he held 
a similar post on "The Xew York Star," then under John Kelly's control. In 
July, 1879, he became a contributor to "The Dramatic Mirror," and in the autumn 
of the same year bought an interest in the stock company that owned it. The same 
year he was placed in charge of the paper. At that time he was eighteen years 
old. In 1883 Mr. Fiske obtained a controlling interest in the newspaper, and five 
years later became sole proprietor. In 1880 he was dramatic critic of "The Xew 
York Star." Mr. Fiske has advocated encouragement of the American drama and 
has worked for the spread of patriotism in dramatic art. Mr. Fiske married at 
Larehmont, X. Y., March 19, 1890, Mary Augusta, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Maddern) Davey, better known as Minnie Maddern, the actress. 
Mr. Fiske entered the field of management as the manager of Mrs. Fiske in 1896. 
In 1901 he leased the Manhattan Theatre. Xew York, as the home theatre for 
Mrs. Fiske, and conducted it for five years, making various productions during 
that period. He has also introduced to the American stage Bertha Kalich. the 
Polish actress. He is one of the so-called independent managers who have several 
times entered the lists against the so-called Theatrical Trust. 

Mr. Fiske is a trustee of the Actors' Fund, a member of the Sons of the devo- 
lution, of the American Academy of Social Science, and of the Zeta Psi Fraternity. 
He is a director of the American Dramatists' Club and of the Lotos Club ; was 
secretary of the Goethe Society and has been vice-president of the Xew York 
Shakespeare Society. 



FISKE, MRS. MINNIE MADDERN (MRS. HARRISON GREY 
FISKE), actress, was born in Xew Orleans. Her father was Thomas 
Davey, prominent in the South as a theatrical manager, and her mother 
Mrs. Minnie Maddern. the daughter of Eichard Maddern, an English 
musician, who came to this country with a large family and organized a travelling 
concert company composed of his own children. The organization was known as the 
Maddern Family. Mrs. Maddern became a well known actress later under her hus- 
band's management. Mrs. Fiske was two years old when she first went on the stage. 
Between acts she sang a ballad, "Jamie Coming Over the Meadow." As Minnie 
Maddern she made her debut in Little Rock, Ark., at the age of three years as the 
Duke of York, in "Eichard III." She first appeared in New York with Laura 
Keene in "Hunted Down," being then five years old. She later played Prince 
Arthur in the revival of "King John" at Booth's Theatre, New York, with John 
McCullough, Junius Brutus Booth and Agnes Booth in the cast. 

When she was twelve years old she played Francois, in "Eichelieu," and Louise, 
in "The Two Orphans." When thirteen she assumed the part of the Widow Mel- 
notte with astonishing success. She played the round of child's parts with Barry 
Sullivan and later with Lucille Western. She was the original Little Fritz, in J. K. 
Emmet's first production at Wallack's and Niblo's, New York ; Paul, in "The Octo- 
roon," at Philadelphia; Franko, in "Guy Mannering," with Mrs. Waller; Sybil, in 
"A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing," with Carlotta LeClerq ; little Mary Morgan, in "Ten 

95 



Nights in a Barroom/' with Yankee Locke in Boston, and the child,, m "Across the 
Continent," with Oliver Doud Byron. She took the child's part with E. L. Daven- 
port, in "Damon and Pythias," and other plays, in Philadelphia ; she played Hein- 
rich and Meenie, in "Bip Van Winkle" ; Adrienne, in Daly's "Monsieur Alphonse" ; 
the hoy's part, in "The Bosom Friend"; Alfred, in the first road production of 
"Divorce"; Georgie, in "Frou-Frou," with Mrs. Scott-Siddons ; the child, in "The 
Chicago Fire"; Hilda, in Emmet's "Carl and Hilda"; Ralph Rackstraw, in 
Hooley's Juvenile "Pinafore" Company, and Clip, in "A Messenger from Jarvis 
Section." At the age of ten she acted the Sun God, in David Bidwell's production 
of "The Ice Witch" at Xew Orleans, and she also appeared in "Aladdin," "The 
White Fawn" and other spectacular pieces. 

Brief periods were spent by the young actress in French or convent schools in 
the cities of Xew Orleans, St. Louis, Montreal and Cincinnati. Her education, 
despite her constant change of locality, was methodical, and it was carefully super- 
vised by her mother. Mrs. Fiske became a star at the age of sixteen. After that 
time and up to the time of her temporary retirement she had become identified with 
several plays, among them being "Caprice" and "In Spite of All." When she was 
married, in 1890, and retired from the stage, she had no thought of a permanent 
relinquishment of the theatre. On her return to the stage she soon took a place 
in the front rank of American actresses. Her repertoire includes the parts of Nora, 
in "A Doll's House"; Marie Deloche, in "The Queen of Liars" ("La Menteuse") ; 
Cesarine, in "La Femme de Claude"; Madeline, in "Love Finds the Way" (Mar- 
guerite Merington's adaptation of the German play, "Das Recht auf Gliick") ; 
Cyprienne, in "Divorgons" ; Magda, Gilberte, in "Frou-Frou," and the one act 
plays "Little Italy," "A Bit of Old Chelsea," "A Light from St. Agnes," "Not 
Guilty" and "A White Pink." Mrs. Fiske had been accepted throughout the 
country as one of the foremost American actresses when in the spring of 1897 she ap- 
peared in "Tess of the D'Urbervilles" at the Manhattan Theatre, New York. Subse- 
quent successes were Langdon Mitchell's comedy entitled "Becky Sharp," founded on 
Thackeray's "Vanity Fair"; "Miranda of the Balcony," "The Unwelcome Mrs. 
Hatch," Paul Heyse's "Mary of Magdala," Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler," C. M. S. 
McLellan's "Leah Kleschna," produced in 1905. and a one act play by John Luther 
Long entitled "Dolce." 



FITCH, WILLIAM CLYDE, playwright, was born in New York May 2 ? 
1865. He was graduated by Amherst College in 188G, and immediately 
started on a literaiy career. His first effort was "A Wave of Life," pub- 
lished in 1889. His first play was "Betty's Finish," produced at the Boston 
Museum. It had a run of two months. His next was "Beau Brummel," written 
for Richard Mansfield and since played by him nearly a thousand times. A com- 
plete list of Mr. Fitch's pla} r s, the original plays listed in the order of their produc- 
tion, and those for whom they were written comprises the following: Original 
Plays "Beau Brummel," for Richard Mansfield ; "A Modern Match," for the Union 
Square Theatre Company; "Pamela's Prodigy," for Mrs. John Wood, in London; 
''His Grace de Grammont," for Mine. Modjeska ; "April Weather," for Sol Smith 
Russell; "Nathan Hale," for Nat Goodwin; "The Moth and the Flame," for the 
Kelcey-Shannon company; "Barbara Frietchie," for Julia Marlowe; "The Cowboy 
and the Lady," for Nat Goodwin ; "The Climbers," for Amelia Bingham ; "Captain 
Jinks," for Ethel Barrymore; "Lovers' Lane," for W. A. Brady's company; "The 
Way of the World," for Elsie De Wolfe ; "The Girl and the Judge," for Annie 
Russell ; "The Last of the Dandies," for Beerbohm Tree, in London ; "The Stub- 

96 



bornness of Gerahline." for Mary Mannering: "The Girl with tin- Given Eyes." for 
Clara Bloodgood ; "Her Own Way," for Maxine Elliott; "Major Andre." for Arthur 
Byron; "Glad of It," for Charles Frohman's company: "The Coronet of the 
Duchess/' for Clara Bloodgood ; "The Woman in the Case," for Blanche Walsh ; 
"Her Great Match/' for Maxine Elliott: "The Toast of the Town/' for Viola 
Allen; "The Girl Who Has Everything," for Eleanor Robson. and "Truth." for 
Clara Bloodgood (in rehearsal). One-act Plays "Betty's Finish." for the Boston 
Museum company, and "Frederic Le Maitre," for Felix Morris, later Henry 
Miller. Adaptations "The Social Swim," for Marie Wainwright ; "Gossip," with 
Leo Ditrichstein, for Mrs. Langtry; "The Head of the Family." with Leo Ditrich- 
stein, for William H. Crane; "A Superfluous Husband," with Leo Ditrichstein, 
for William H. Crane; "The Marriage Game"; "Bohemia." for the Empire Theatre 
company; "The Bird in the Cage/' for Charles Frohman's company; "The Masked 
Ball/' for John Drew; "Sapho," for Olga Xethersole: "Granny." for Mrs. Gilbert; 
"Cousin Billy," for Francis Wilson; "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson." for Amelia Bing- 
hain, and "Wolfville," with Willis Steele, for Charles Frohman's company. The 
fall of 1900 he dramatized Mrs. Edith Wharton's novel "The House of Mirth" for 
Charles Frohman. Mr. Fitch's Xew York home is Xo. 113 East 40th street. He 
has a country place, Quiet Corner, at Greenwich, Conn. 



FOX, MISS DELLA MAY (MRS. JACOB DAVID LEVY), actress 
and light opera singer, was born in St. Louis October 13, 1872, Her father 
was A. J. Fox, a photographer. She made her first appearance on the stage 
when she was seven years old as the Midshipmite in a children's "Pinafore" 
company. She next appeared in a child's part ill ^'A Celebrated Case," James 
O'Xeill being the star. She first attracted attention .asHhe creator of the part of 
Editha, in Augustus Thomas's dramatization of Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's 
story. "Editha's Burglar." This was produced by the Dickson Sketch Club, of St. 
Louis, an organization which included Augustus Thomas 'atkL Edgar Smith, both 
now well known playwrights. Miss Fox in her early teens joined the Bennett and 
Moulton Opera Company and sang leading soprano roles. She next was engaged 
by Heinrich Conried for the soubrette part in the opera "The King's Fool," and 
attracted attention with the song "Fair Columbia." 

In May, 1890, De Wolf Hopper made his first appearance as a star, in "Castles 
in the Air," at the Broadway Theatre, Xew York. Miss Fox was selected, chiefly 
on account of her small stature, to play the soubrette part of Blanche, and prin- 
cipally through the medium of the "Athletic Duet" she shared the success of the 
opera with the elongated star. The following summer, when "Wang" was pro- 
duced in Xew York, she made her greatest triumph in the part of Mataya, par- 
ticularly by her singing of "Another Fellow." Xext she appeared with Hopper in 
"Panjandrum," and in August, 1894, she became a star in Goodwin and Furst's 
opera "The Little Trooper," which was followed by "Fleur-de-Lis," by the same 
author and composer. 

Miss Fox appeared with Lillian Russell and Jefferson De Angelis, in "The Wed- 
ding Day/' at the Casino, New York, in the fall of 1897, and the following year 
starred in "The Little Host." At this time she suffered a serious illness, and her 
life was despaired of for months. After her recovery she made a few appearances 
in vaudeville in 1900. December 26 of that year she was married to Jacob David 
Levy, a Xew York diamond broker, at Boston. Since then she has appeared chiefly 
in vaudeville houses. 



FRENCH, MISS PAULINE, actress, was born in California, being the 
daughter of Moses and Theresa Sehrank French. She was educated in San 
Francisco, and made her first professional appearance in that city September 
21, 1895, as Celia, in "As You Like It." She afterward played Rosalind, 
in the same play, at the Leland Stanford University. At Daly's Theatre, New 
York, she played Lady Constance, in "The Geisha," and Charlotte, in a revival of 
"The Magistrate." In this house she was also Diana, in "The Lottery of Love," 
and Angelica, in "A Xight Off," and afterward was a member of Henry Dixey's 
company. In 1904 she went to London to fill an engagement at the St. James's 
Theatre, where she appeared as Lady Plimdale, in a revival of "Lady Winder- 
mere's Fan." In 1905 she appeared at the London Comedy Theatre as the Duchess 
of Carbondale, in "On the Quiet," with William Collier. " 



FOY, EDDIE (EDWIN FITZGERALD), comedian, was born in New 
York, being the son of Richard and Ellen Hennessy Fitzgerald. He made 
his first public appearance in 1869 at a benefit at the Newsboys' Home 
at Chicago, doing a clog dance. In 1876 he was dancing at the Cosmo- 
politan Varieties in Chicago, and in 1878, with a partner, as Foy and Thompson, 
he was doing turns at concert halls in Kansas City, Dodge City, Kan., and Lead- 
ville. The team did blackface sketches and acrobratic songs and dances. In 1879 

Mr. Foy was at the Palace Theatre, 
Denver, remaining there until 1881, 
when he went to California, opening at 
the Adelphi Theatre, San Francisco, 
where he did white face specialties in 
the opening "olios" and played leading 
parts in the dramas which wound up 
the show. He then joined Emerson's 
Minstrels, and after ten weeks went to 
Butte, Mont., playing in a variety show 
owned by Gordon and Ritchie. From 
there he went to the Carncross Min- 
trels in Philadelphia. 

In 1884 Mr. Foy joined Kelley and 
Mason's company, playing "Tigers." 
He then played six weeks in the Union 
Square Theatre, New York, with Carrie 
Swain's "Jack in the Box" company. 
He then went to California and joined 
the Alcazar stock company. After that 
he joined the George S. Knight com- 
pany, playing "Over the Garden Wall." 
He made his first comedy hit as the 
Lunatic, with Kate Castleton, in 1888. 
The following year he joined David 
Henderson at the Chicago Opera House. 

opening in "Cinderella ; or, The Crystal Slipper." The following season he played 
principal comedy parts in "Bluebeard," and for successive seasons in "Sinbad, the 
Sailor," and "Ali Baba." Mr. Foy then starred in plays called "Off the Earth," 
"Robinson Crusoe" and "The Strange Adventures of Mis? Brown." Then he played 

98 




in "Topsy Turvey" for one hundred and fifty nights at the Herald Square Theatre, 
New York. He was then with Klaw & Eiiang-er n season, and afterward in "The 
Strollers/' at the Knickerbocker Theatre. After a season in "The Wild Rose" and 
another in "Mr. Bluebeard," Mr. Foy was in the disaster at the Iroquois Theatre, 
Chicago, 'barely escaping with his life. For nine months he was the star of "Piff, 
Paff, Pouf," at the Casino Theatre, New York, and then he was starred in "The 
Earl and the Girl" by the Shuberts, touring with that piece a second season, in 
1906-'07. 

Mr. Foy married Madeline Morando, premier dancer., in 1895. His home is in 
Post Eoad, New Rochelle, N. Y. 



FORBES-ROBEKTSON, JOHNSTON, actor and manager, was born in 
London January 16, 1853, being the son of John Forbes-Robertson, an art 
critic and journalist. He was educated at Charterhouse, and afterward in 
France and Germany, where he studied painting. In 1870 he was admitted 
as a student at the Royal Academy School of Art, London. His inclination, how- 
ever, was toward the stage, and in 1874 he made his debut as Chastelard, in "Mary 
Stuart," at the Princess Theatre. He gained experience under the management 
of Charles Calvert in Manchester, where he played with Phelps in Shakespearian 
parts. In 1880-'"81 he supported Mme. Modjeska at the Court Theatre, London, 
playing chiefly Shakespearian characters, and in 1888 he joined the Bancrofts at 
the Haymarket, playing leading parts with them up to July. 1885, when he went to 
the United States with Mary Anderson. 

On his return to England he supported Miss Anderson at the Lyceum, in "The 
Winter's Tale," for which he designed the costumes and appointments. He then 
joined John Hare, playing Dunstan Renshaw, in "The Profligate," at the Garrick 
in 1889, and Baron Scarpia, in "La Tosca," at the end of the same season. In 
1890 he appeared in Pinero's "Lady Bountiful." Then followed another American 
tour, after which he played Buckingham to Irving's Henry VIII. 

In 1896 he opened the Lyceum, London, under his own management, producing, 
among other plays, "For the Crown," and making the chief success of his career 
by his impersonation of Hamlet. He also appeared with Mrs. Patrick Campbell, in 
"Magda," "Macbeth" and "Pelleas and Melisande." In 1902 he leased the Lyric 
Theatre, producing "Mice and Men" and "The Light That Failed." He became 
the lessee of the new Seal a Theatre, London, which he opened in September, 1905, 
with "The Conqueror," a drama by the Duchess of Sutherland. This was fol- 
lowed by "For the Crown" and "Mrs. Grundy," by Madeline Lucette Ryley. 

In 1900 Mr. Forbes-Robertson married May Gertrude Derniot, an American 
actress known on the stage as Gertrude Elliott, a sister of Maxine Elliott. 



FREEMAN, MAX, actor and stage manager, began his theatrical career in 
his native country, Germany. When he first came to America he was en- 
gaged as stage manager of the Germania Theatre, New York. Later he 
went to San Francisco, where he became a member of the California Theatre 
Stock Company, making his first appearance there as Kautchikoff, in the original 
production of "Fatinitza" in English. From the California Theatre he went to 
Baldwin's Theatre as stage manager and leading comedian. His next engagement 
was with the Emily Melville Opera Company, which produced light opera with 
marked success in Boston and Chicago. Mr. Freeman first came into prominence 
as an actor in New York by his playing of the small part of the Waiter, in 

99 



"Divorcons," produced by the late Henry E. Abbey. He then turned his attention 
exclusively to adapting and staging operas and plays. Among the plays and operas 
he has staged have been "Orpheus and Eurydice," "Held by the Enemy," "The 
Rajah" and Bartley Campbell's "Siberia." At the Casino, New York, he staged 
"The Brigands," "The Grand Duchess," "Erminie" and "The Fencing Master." 



F ROHM AN, CHARLES, manager, was born in Sandusky, Ohio, June 17, 
1860. He is the younger brother of Daniel Frohman, also a prominent 
manager. When Charles Frohman was twelve years old he went to New 
York, and through the influence of Daniel, who was then a reporter on 
"The New York Tribune," became night clerk in the business office of that news- 
paper. He attended school during the day and at nine o'clock at night began his 
work, remaining in "The Tribune" office until four o'clock in the morning and then 
trudging to his home, two and a half miles away. When he was fourteen he left 
school and was employed with his brother in the advertising department of "The 
New York Daily Graphic." There he worked all day. At night he sold tickets in 
the box office of Hooley's Theatre, Brooklyn. To reach his home after the per- 
formance he was obliged to ride six miles. 

In 1877 he went West to take charge of the Chicago Comedy Company, which 
produced "Our Boys" and similar plays, with John Dillon as the star. A year or 
two later he joined William Haverly. and with him organized the Haverly Masto- 
don Minstrels, which opened at the Howard Athenanmi, Boston. He took the 
minstrels to London and toured with them successfully in the English provinces for 
nine months. At the end of 1879 he again joined his brother Daniel, who was 
then managing the Madison Square Theatre, New York. When Daniel retired 
from the management of this theatre Charles Frohman managed the tours of 
several companies sent out with the Wallack successes. Then he returned to New 
York and established himself as a dramatic agent in a little office in Broadway. 
There fortune began to smile upon him. 

On November 18, 1888, Bronson Howard's "Shenandoah" was produced at the 
Boston Museum. Mr. Frohman was the agent of the author. The play was not a 
success as produced, but Mr. Frohman saw great possibilities in it, and Mr. Howard 
agreed to make the changes desired by his agent. Then, although penniless, Mr. 
Frohman obtained the entire American rights to the play, except for Boston, and 
induced Al. Hayman, a California manager, and W. E. Hooley to join him. Each 
of these advanced $1,500, while Mr. Frohman, with no money to contribute, under- 
took the management. The play was then produced at the old Star Theatre, New 
York. It was a tremendous success, and three years later the partners divided 
among them a profit of $150,000, having paid the author in royalties $50,000 more. 
From that time on Mr. Frohman was in the ascendant. In 1890 he organized a 
stock company in what was then Proctor's Theatre, in West 23d street, New York. 
This finally developed into the Empire Theatre Stock Company. 

In the mean time Mr. Frohman had been planning a combination of theatrical 
interests which would control the United States field. He obtained the aid of 
Al. Hayman, Rich & Harris, of Boston; Nixon & Zimmerman, of Philadelphia, 
and other leading and wealthy managers, and launched what is known as the 
Theatrical Trust. In a few years this organization was in control of a large 
number of the best theatres from New York to San Francisco and from Boston to 
the Gulf. Then leading stars began to appear under the management of Mr. 
Frohman. Mr. Frohman next extended his field across the Atlantic by leasing 
and managing the Aldwych and Duke of York's theatres in London and becoming 

100 



jointly interested with the Gattis in the Vaudeville and with Arthur Chudleigh 
in the Comedy. He pursued the same policy in England that had been so success- 
ful in the United States, producing at his London theatres all his American suc- 
cesses and organizing companies to play them in the provinces. Tie divides his 
time between the United States and Great Britain, going to London every February 
and remaining until July. Nearly every actor or actress of the first rank who 
has come to America from England during the last ten years has been under his 
management, while he has introduced many American stars to the British public. 



F ROHM AN, DANIEL, manager, was born in Sandusky, Ohio, in 1853. 
He was one of three brothers, all of whom became theatrical managers. 
Daniel was the oldest, Gustave the second and Charles the third. In 1865 
Daniel Frohman went to New York. He became a messenger for Albert 
D. Richardson, of "The Tribune" editorial staff. Later he became a reporter on 
"The Tribune" and then private secretary to Horace Greeley. When John R. 
Young founded "The Standard" young Frohman became business manager, and 
later, and when the newspaper suspended publication, two and a half years later, Mr. 
Frohman became an advertising agent for "The Graphic," the first daily illustrated 
paper published in the United States. Ill health forced him to abandon this busi- 
ness and he became advance man for Callender's minstrels. In 1877 he became 
identified with J. H. Haverly, the first manager to evolve the idea of combining 
the business of a number of theatres under one management. He managed the 
Fifth Avenue Theatre for Mr. Haverly, but in 1879, when the Mallory brothers 
got control of the Madison Square Theatre, he accepted an offer to manage that 
house. He remained there until 1885, "Hazel Kirke," "Esmeralda," "The Rajah" 
and "Mayblossom" (in which Georgia Cayvan made her first appearance), being- 
produced there under his management. In 1886, when A. M. Palmer took the 
Madison Square Theatre. Mr. Frohman obtained control of the Lyceum Theatre in 
Fourth avenue, and organized a stock company, with Miss Cayvan as leading woman 
and Herbert Kelcey as leading man. Others in the company were Effie Shannon, 
Katherine Florence, Mrs. Walcott, W. J. Le Moyne, Nelson Wheatcroft and 
Eugene Ormond. "The Wife," the first play presented by the company, ran for a 
season and the theatre leaped from obscurity to prominence, where it stayed until 
its final closing about fifteen years. 

In the mean time Mr. Frohman had starred E. H. Sothern and brought the 
Kendals to this country. "The Wife." "Sweet Lavender," "The Idler," a revival 
of "Old Heads and Young Hearts," "Lady Bountiful," "Squire Kate," "Merry 
Gotham," "The Gray Mare," "Americans Abroad," "Trelawney" and "Rebellious 
Susan" were some of his most successful plays at the Lyceum. 

After the old Lyceum had disappeared the new Lyceum was constructed by Mr. 
Frohman. In addition he is manager of Daly's Theatre, the lease of which was 
purchased on the death of Augustin Daly. In 1904 Mr. Frohman married Mar- 
garet Illington, a well known actress. He lives in West 79th street, New York. 

FULLER, MISS LOIE, dancer, was born near Chicago, and taken to that 
city when she was six years old. She was a precocious girl, and at that 
age gave a number of lectures on temperance. From this she was graduated 
to the stage, and in her teens she played all kinds of parts in Western reper- 
toire companies. Her first appearance in New York was as Jack Sheppard, in the 
burlesque of that name, produced at the Bijou Theatre by Nat Goodwin. After a 

101 



winter in .New York she took a company to the West Indies, playing everything 
from Topsy to Juliet. Then she took a trip to Europe,, and George Edwardes en- 
gaged her as an understudy for Nellie Farren. While in London she received fr> m 
a friend in India a beautiful white silk skirt, and this skirt was the origin of the 
skirt dauqfi, in which she became famous. 

On returning to America she was cast in a part in "Quack, M. D.," in which 
she appeared in a farcical hypnotic scene. Not knowing just what to wear, she 
thought of the .Indian skirt. She fixed it up with a silk bodice, fastened it with 
springs over her shoulders, and in the unique garb danced over the stage. She 
discovered that it caught exquisitely the colors of the calcium, and with this dis- 
covery came the creation of the serpentine dance, with which the name of Loie 
Fuller thenceforward became identified. She developed the dance so well that it 
soon was the theatrical rage of two continents. 

She first produced the dance at the Casino, New York. Frank McK.ee, the 
partner of Charles Hoyt, saw it and offered Miss Fuller $150 a week to dance the 
serpentine in Hoyt's "A Trip to Chinatown" at the Madison Square Theatre. After 
remaining at the Madison Square for several months Miss Fuller sailed for Europe 
and danced in Berlin, Paris and London. 



FULLER, MISS MOLLIE (MRS. FRED HALLEN), actress, waa 
born in Chicago, and with her sister Loie, when she was still a child, made 
her first appearance in entertainments. She first attracted attention when, 
under the management of Edward E. Kice, she played leading parts in 
many of his earlier extravaganzas. Her greatest success was made as the Twen- 
tieth Century Girl, in a musical comedy of that name. Miss Fuller was also for 
many seasons a member of the Hallen and Hart company, presenting musical 
farce comedies, she having married Fred Hallen. Her home is in Whitney avenue, 
Elmlmrst, Long Island, X. Y. 



G LASER, MISS LULU, comedienne, was born in Allegheney City, Pa., 
on June 2, 1874. In 1892, when Francis Wilson and Marie Jansen 
were playing in "The Lion Tamer," Miss Glaser, having obtained through 
a friend an introduction to Mr. De Xovellis, the leader of the orchestra 
at the Broadway Theatre. New York, sang for him there to test her capabilities. 
The song was "My Lady's Bower," and Mr. De Novellis was so well pleased that he 
introduced Miss Glaser to Mr. Wilson. He gave her a place in the chorus of "The 
Lion Tamer," and also made her Miss Jansen's understudy. When the latter 
left the company to become a star Miss Glaser took her place and jumped into 
immediate popularity as Angelina. In her first season, 1892, Miss Glaser played 
Lazuli, in "The Merry Monarch," and Javotte, in Mr.- Wilson's revival of "Erminie," 
in both of which she increased the favor bestowed on her by theatregoers. Then 
she played Elverine. in "The Devil's Deputy," and in 1895 Eita, in "The Chief- 
tain," still with Mr. Wilson, this being her first "straight" prima donna role, two 
other parts first having been assigned to her. Next she played Pierette, in "Half a 
King," and Jacquelin, in "The Little Corporal." In 1899-'00 she played Koxane, 
in Mr. Wilson'? production of the opera "Cyrano de Bergerac," and again appeared 
as Javotte in a revival of "Erminie." The next season she appeared as a star at 
the head of her own company in "Sweet Anne Page." From 1901 to 1904 she 
was under the management of Fred Whitney as a star in "Dolly Varden," which 
had a six months' run at the Herald Sguare Theatre, New York. From 1904 to 

102 



1906 she was under the management of Charles B. Dilliiiglumi, and starred in two 
of the most successful parts of her career in "The Madcap Princess'' and "Miss 
Dolly Dollars." Miss Glaser's home is at Mount \Vrnou, X. Y. 



GLEXDIXXIXG, JOHN, actor, was horn in White-haven, Cumberland. 
England, November 30, 1857. His parents were Scotch, his grandfather 
living close by and being a personal friend of Robert Burns. After con- 
siderable experience as an amateur he began his professional career in 1880 
s a member of Alexander Wright's company, at the Theatre Royal, Greenock, Scot- 
jand. He next became leading man in support of Walter Bentley. playing such 
parts as lago and Mercutio. A season w'th Bland Holt's company, in "Taken from 

Life." followed, and in 1887 he created the 
part of Jack Dudley, in "Hands Across the 
Sea," at Manchester, England. He played 
Tom Potter in the original production of 
"The Silver Shield," by Sydney Grundy, and 
he was one of the first to play Wilfred Den- 
ver, in "The Silver King"; David Kingsley. 
in "Harbor Lights," and Xed Drayton, in 
"In the Eanks." 

In 1880 he joined Mr. and Mrs. Kenclal's 
company, making his first appearance as 
George Desmond, in "A White Lie." The 
same year he came with the Kendals to this 
country, opening at the Fifth Avenue The- 
atre, Xew York, and, with the exception of a 
three years' tour with his own company in 
England, 1896-'99. he has since been asso- 
ciated with the American stage. He was 
four years under the management of Charles 

Frohman. He was the Laird in the first production of "Trilby" in this country. 
In 1899 he was leading man with Olga Xethersole, playing in "Sapho," "The Second 
Mrs. Tanqueray" and "Camille." He created the part of Hardolph Mayn, in the 
first American production of "Joseph Entangled," by Henry Arthur Jones, and was 
in the cast of "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots" in the Xew York production. 

In 1905 Mr. Glendinning went to Australia in support of Nance O'Neil, and 
played a repertoire of leading parts there and in New Zealand. The fall of 1900 
he returned to Xew York to take part in the original production of "The Hypo- 
crites/' at the Hudson Theatre. Mr. Glendinning is a remarkably expert swimmer, 
having many times swum across the Narrows of Xew York harbor and having the 
record of swimming five miles out to sea and back. He is a member of The Lambs, 
Xew York, and the Savage Club, London. 

t 

GEORGE, MISS MARIE (GEORG), actress, was born in New York in 
1879, being the daughter of German-American parents. She was edu- 
cated at a German school, and was taught music by her father. In 1897, 
changing her real name of Georg into the English George, she made her 
first appearance on the stage in New York in a small part in "The Lady Slavey." 
She was rapidly promoted, until she assumed the part of the Lady Slavey herself. 

103 





'V 

A f 



MISS GRACE GEORGE. 



She created five star parts in less than a year and in 1900 went to London with 
"The Casino Girl." She was then engaged by Henry Lowenfeld to play in the 
opening piece at the new Apollo Theatre. For two seasons she played the prin- 
cipal girl part in Drury Lane pantomimes, and in 1905 played in ''The White 
Chrysanthemum" at the Criterion Theatre, London. 



GEORGE, MISS GRACE (MRS. WILLIAM A. BRADY), actress, 
was born in New York in 1880 and received a convent education. After 
studying dramatic art she made her first stage appearance in a small part 
in Charles Frohman's production of "The New Boy," and in 1894 succeeded 
Edna Wallace Hopper as Wilbur's Ann, in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." She next 
attracted attention as Aimee, in "Charley's Aunt," and Gretchen, in "The Wander- 
ing Minstrel." After supporting Charles B. Welles as Madeline, in "Frederic 
Lemaitre," in vaudeville she attracted especial notice by her work in Charles 
Dickson's "Jealousy" and "An Undeveloped Bud," also in vaudeville. After 
appearing in "The Turtle" at the Manhattan Theatre, New York, she played the 
role of the young wife in "Mile. Fifi," thereby enhancing her popularity. 

She made her first appearance as a star under W. A. Brady's management in 
the comedy "The Princess Chiffon," an adaptation of the younger Dumas's "Diane 
de Lys," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New Y r ork, in 1899. This was followed in 
1900 by her appearance as Queen Wilhelmina, in "Her Majesty." The season of 
1901-'02 she starred in Lottie Blair Parker's "Under Southern Skies." Later she 
made a tour at the head of a special cast as Gilberte, in Meilhac and Halevy's 
"Frou Frou." The season of 1903-'04 she made one of the chief successes of her 
career as a star in "Pretty Peggy," the Garrick-Woffington play, by Fannie Aymar 
Matthews, produced at the Herald Square Theatre, New York. The spring of 1904 
she was one of the all star cast in the revival of "The Two Orphans" at the New 
Amsterdam Theatre, New York. After appearing as Abigail in Kellett Chambers's 
comedy of that name, she played the role of Lady Kitty in a dramatization of Mrs. 
Humphry Ward's "The Marriage of William Ashe" in the season of 1905-'06, and 
also appeared in Kupert Hughes's comedy "The Richest Girl." She opened the fall 
season of 1906 September 11 at the Manhattan Theatre with "Clothes." by Avery 
Hop wood and Channing Pollock. Of late years she has starred solely under the 
management of her husband. 



GIRARDOT, MISS ISABELLE, actress, is a sister of Etionne Gi mi-dot, 
the actor. She was born in London and began taking lessons on the violin 
when she was four years old. She entered the Royal Academy of ^Uusic 
when she was nine and won several gold and silver medals. In her early 
(tens she made her first professional stage appearance in the part of Ella Willoughby 
in the musical comedy, "In Possession," by Walter Browne, at Mr. and Mrs. German 
Reed's entertainment, at St. George's Hall, London. Her next engagement was in 
"La Cigale," in which she played the title role. She also appeared in "Madame 
Favart" and "The Geisha," under the management of George Edwardes. Other 
roles in which she has appeared are Madame Angot, Olivette and Pepita. 
Miss Girardot came to this country six years ago and has devoted much time to 
church singing, although she has played in several of F. C. Whitney's productions. 
She recentlv played with her brother in "Charley's Aunt" at the revival at the Man- 
hattan Theatre. 

105 



GILLETTE, WILLIAM, actor and playwright, was born in Hartford. 
Conn., July 24, 1853. He was the son of Francis Gillette, ex-United States 
Senator, and once a candidate for Governor of the state. When a small boy 
he showed histrionic tastes, which he exploited in the attic of the Gillette 
homestead, but his ambitions were frowned upon by his parents. He was graduated 
from the Hartford High School, and studied at the University of the City of New 
York and at Boston University. When about twenty years old Gillette, still bent on 
a stage career, left his home and studies, and, reaching St. Louis, obtained a place 
as utility man in the stock company of Ben De Bar, which opened in New Orleans. 
For this Mr. Gillette received nothing a week, and when he suggested an increase in 
salary he was discharged. He made his way home, and stayed there until 1875, when 
Mark Twain, who was a neighbor of the Giliettes, obtained an engagement for him 
at the Globe Theatre, in Boston. He made his first appearance as Guzman, in "Faint 
Heart Never Won Fair Lady,'' on September 1.5 of that year. That same season 
he played the counsel for the defence, in "The Gilded Age," with John T. Kaymond, 
and also played Malcolm, in "Macbeth" ; Montano, in "Othello" ; Benvolio, in 
"Romeo and Juliet"; Eosencrantz, in "Hamlet"'; Master Wilford, in "The Hunch- 
back," and other parts in a wide range of modern plays, his chief success being as 
Prince Florian, in "Broken Hearts," a part he obtained because of the sudden illness 
of Harry Murdock. 

Two seasons with the McCauley Stock Company in Cincinnati and Louisville 
followed, during which Mr. Gillette was evolving his first play. This had its birth 
in one-act form, and was elaborated until, at its production at the Madison Square 
Theatre, New York, June 1, 1881, under the title of "The Professor/' it was a full 
fledged three-act play, with the author in the title role. The play ran nearly a year 
in New York. Mr. Gillette aided Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett in writing "Esmer- 
alda," which followed at the same house, and he also played in the production of 
"Young Mrs. Winthrop." In 1884 Mr. Gillette played the principal part in his own 
adaptation of Von Moser's "Der Bibliothekar," at the Comedy Theatre, New York. 
The same night A. M. Palmer produced "The Private Secretary," Charles Hawtrey's 
adaptation of the same play, at the Madison Square Theatre. Threatened lawsuits 
ended in a compromise, and Mr. Gillette for several seasons starred in a composite 
ot the two versions of "The Private Secretary." 

Mr. Gillette's next play, "Held by the Enemy," was produced at the Criterion 
Theatre, Brooklyn, in 1886, and taken to the Madison Square Theatre, where it 
achieved great success. Mr. Gillette himself played the part of Thomas Bean, the 
war correspondent. Mr. Gillette's dramatization of Eider Haggard's "She" was 
produced at Niblo's Garden in 1887, and was followed by his "All the Comforts of 
Home" in 1890, "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows" in 1891, and "Ninety Days." While 
preparing this elaborate production Mr. Gillette became dangerously ill and had to 
retire. As an invalid, rusticating in North Carolina, he wrote his greatest play, 
"Secret Service," which was produced at the Broad Street Theatre, Philadelphia, on 
May 15, 1895. "Too Much Johnson," a comedy, by Mr. Gillette, produced at the 
Standard Theatre, New York, the previous year, also was very successful. He also 
wrote "Settled Out of Court" and "Because She Loved Him So." In 1901 Mr. 
Gillette dramatized Sir Conan Doyle's detective stories, under the title of "Sherlock 
Holmes," himself playing the title part, with much success in this country and in 
England for two successive seasons. The season of 1903-'04 he played in J. M. 
Barrie's "The Admirable Crichton." The season of 1894-'9o he acted in London, 
and in 1905-'06 he produced and played in "Clarice." Mr. Gillette is a member of 
The Players, The Lambs and The American Dramatists Club, New York; The 
Friday Night and Albatross clubs, Boston, and The Lake City Club, Chicago. 

106 



GRAHAM, ROBERT EMMET, actor, was born in Baltimore, December 17, 
1858. He first entered the theatrical profession as call boy at the Holliday 
Theatre, Baltimore, at the age of thirteen, the manager of the theatre 
being his uncle. He was given four positions in the company, call boy, 
utility man, captain of supers and librarian, for each of which he received $6 a 
week. Thus as a boy his salary was $2-1 a week. His father was dead and he was 
the only support of his family. Mr. Graham's first speaking part was that of a 

messenger, in "The Old Man of the Moun- 
tain." He had to rush into a tent and 
shout : "My lord, there is a courier without !" 
He was so nervous that his speech was in- 
audible. The gallery boys shouted "Louder !" 
The entire gallery took up the cry. Graham 
shouted the lines at the top of his boy's voice 
and burst into tears. Then to the "gods" he 
*aid : "1 hope that's loud enough!" and 
rushed off the stage. Two years later he 
was in Cincinnati as general utility man. 
The comedian was missing one night, and he 
took the part of Pierot. in "The Pearl of the 
Savoy," and became principal comedian with 
Maggie Mitchell when he was seventeen. 

Mr. Graham made his first big success as 
Clorinda, in "The Magic Slipper," at the 
Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, in 
1879. He starred with Minnie Palmer, as 

Tony, in "My Sweetheart," from 1881 to 1883. In 1886 he opened in Philadelphia 
in "The Little Tycoon," and played General Knickerbocker, in that opera, about 
two thousand times. His next pronounced success was in "Sea King," under the 
management of C. H. Yale. 

Mr. Graham originated the part of Cyrus Gilfain, the millionaire, in "Floro- 

dora," at the Casino Theatre, New York, in 1900, and played it a year and a half 

in New York and two years on tour. He then played in "Piff, Paff, Pouf." The 

fall season of 1906 he played in "The Lady's Maid," at the Casino Theatre, New York. 

Mr. Graham is a member of The Lambs. 




GOODWIN, J. CHEEVEB, playwright, was Boston born, and, as he is 
wont to put it, brown bred. He was educated at Harvard University and 
was graduated from that institution with the class of 1873. Soon after 
leaving college he took up amateur dramatic work, and from that gained 
such a liking for the legitimate stage that he became a member of a company 
headed by the elder Sothern, which made a tour of America, Mr. Goodwin support- 
ing the eminent English actor in light comedy parts in such plays as "Our Ameri- 
can Cousin," "Home" and "The Hornet's Nest" for a season. He soon, however, 
gave up playing for writing plays, and almost his first work in this line was the 
writing of the librettos for all the comic operas with which the late Alice Gates 
displaced the regime of the Lydia Thompson Burlesquers type of musical entertain- 
ment. Mr. Goodwin is best known as the writer of the books of "Evangeline," the 
extravaganza for which Edward E. Rice wrote the music, and which, first produced 
at Niblo's Garden, New York, in the summer of 1874, is still played on two con- 

107 




NAT C. GOODWIN. 



tments; "Wang,'' which made De Wolf Hopper a star, and "The Merry Monarch," 
which did a similar service for Francis Wilson. The scores for these comic operas 
were written by the late Woolson Morse. Mr. Goodwin wrote the book for the Lon- 
don musical success "Lost, Strayed or Stolen." for which Mr. Morse also wrote the 
score. Besides these Mr. Goodwin has written over fifty plays and librettos. In the 
mean time he has dabbled in finance and politics and served, for half a dozen years, 
as private secretary to ex-Controller Theodore W. Myers of Xew York. He is a 
member of The Strollers, the American Dramatic Club and the Elks. He is still 
engaged in playwriting, having a musical comedy and a comic opera booked for 
production this season. 



GOODWIN, NATHANIEL CAUL, JH., actor, best known as Nat 
Goodwin, was born in Boston July 25. 1857. While he was a schoolboy 
and a student at the Little Blue Academy, in Farmington. Me., he was 
noted for his ability as a mimic. He was graduated by the college in 
1873 and became a clerk in the dry goods <tore of Wellington Brothers, in Boston 
After two months there he became a clerk in an upholsterer's shop. He remained 
there a month., and then entered upon his stage career. His chief desire, from the 
day he had first recognized his prowess as a mimic, had been to be an actor, and 
through his college and clerkship days he had studied Shakespeare and taken lessons 
in dramatic art. When he left the upholsterer he gave dramatic readings for a 
time and then obtained a place at Xiblo's Garden, Xew York, as genera! utility 
man. He next went to the Boston Museum to fill a like place. He made his first 
legitimate appearance, and fainted for the first and last time in his life, at the Provi- 
dence Opera House with William Henderson's stock company. He was cast for 
the part of Sir George Hounslow in a melodrama, "The Bottle." When his cue 
came he rushed to the stage, raised his arm and opened his lips to speak. But no 
sound came from them. He was so overcome by stage fright that he dropped 
unconscious. He next found himself on a train, wig, grease paint, stage costume 
and all, bound for Boston. This experience for a time banished all thoughts of 
a stage career, and Mr. Goodwin again became a clerk, this time in a shoe store. 
But the old longing soon reasserted itself, and he resumed giving his mimicry at 
public and private entertainments. 

The late Stuart Eobson happened to see him at one of these entertainments and 
prevailed on John B. Stetson, who was about to star Robson, in "Law in Xew 
York," at the Howard Athenaeum, Boston, to engage Mr. Goodwin to appear as a 
shoeblack and give his imitations of well known actors, at a salary of $5 a week. 
He was so successful in this, really his debut, that Joseph Bradford wrote a sketch 
for him, "The Rehearsal," in which he again appeared at the Athenaeum. In 1875 
he made his first New York appearance in a speaking part at Tony Pastor's Theatre. 
Soon afterward he appeared with Miss Minnie Palmer at the Fourteenth Street 
Theatre. He played Captain Crosstree, in "Black Eyed Susan," and was then 
engaged by Edward E. Rice to create the part of Captain Dietrich in "Evangeline." 
He did so well in this that he was soon playing the leading part, that of Le Blanc, 
which he continued to do for three years. 

After playing the Pirate Chief, in Rice's production of "The Corsair," and in 
"Pippins," a burlesque, by J. Cheever Goodwin, he organized in 1877 a company 
under the name of the Froliques, and with this he appeared for the next three years, 
presenting among other plays "Cruets," "Hobbies," "Rambles" and "Ripples." In 
1880 he made a tour with "The Member for Slocum." In 1882 Mr. Goodwin 
again became his own manager, and in the next few years produced many of the 

109 



Gilbert and Sullivan operas, "Confusion/' "The Skating Rink/' "Big Pony." "Our- 
selves/' "The Black Flag," "Sparks," "A Gay Deceiver," "Colonel Tom,"" "Turned 
Up/' "A Royal Revenge," "Lend Me Five Shillings," "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream/' in which he was the Bottom, and "The Viper on the Hearth." 

In May, 1883, he played Modus, in "The Hunchback," and the First Grave- 
digger, in "Hamlet," at the Cincinnati Dramatic Festival. About this time he also 
played Marc Antony, in "Julius Cassar," at a benefit for Tony Hart in New York. 
In "l889-'90 he produced Henry Guy Carleton's "A Gilded Fool" and brought out 
"A Gold Mine" in London, and also played a Cockney part in "The Bookmaker/' 
under the management of George Edwardes. In May, 1890, he produced for the 
first time, at Portland, Ore., "The Nominee," in which he created one of the most 
successful characters of his career, and which later had a long run at the Bijou 
Theatre, New Yoi"fc. In 1896 he was the Sir Lucius O'Trigger in an all star cast 
revival of "The Rivals." and produced Madeleine Lucette Ryley's "An American 
Citizen." In 1898 he produced Clyde Fitch's "Nathan Hale," and in 1899 he went 
to London under the management of Charles Frohman, where he appeared with his 
wife, Maxine Elliott, in Clyde Fitch's "The Cowboy and the Lady." In February. 
1900, he produced "When We Were Twenty-One," supported by Miss Elliott, at the 
Knickerbocker Theatre, New York. "Gringoire," "David Garrick," "In Mizzoura" 
and "Ambition were other plays which he produced at this time. In twelve years he 
had created thirty-one different characters. In 1901 he made an elaborate production 
of "The Merchant of Venice," playing the role of Shylock, opening at the Knicker- 
bocker Theatre, New York, and taking the production on tour. The same season 
he presented "The Altar of Friendship," by Madeleine Lucette Ryley. In 1903 he 
played in "The Usurper," by I. C. Morris, for a season. In 1904, with Klaw & 
Erlanger, he made a lavish production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" as the 
opening play for the New Amsterdam Theatre, New York, his role being that of 
Bottom. 

In 1905-'06 Mr. Goodwin appeared in W. W. Jacobs's "The Beauty and the 
Barge," Alfred Henry Lewis's "Wolfville," and "The Genius," formerly "The 
Genius and the Model," by W. C. and Cecil de Mille, which he first produced in 
Albany, N. Y., April 20, 1906, and played at the Bijou Theatre, New York, during 
the fall season. 

Mr. Goodwin's first wife was Eliza Weathersby, a well known comedy actress, 
who died in 1887. In February, 1898, Mr. Goodwin married Maxine Elliott, th'> 
well known actress. 

His home is at Ocean Park, Southern California. 

GOLDEN, RICHARD, actor, was born in Bucksport, Me., in July, 1854, 
and was educated at the public schools there. He made his first profes- 
sional appearance when he was thirteen years old with a Mexican circus 
known as Allie's Allied Shows, but his real stage debut was made in 1876. 
when he joined Edward E. Rice's forces, and played the fore legs of the heifer. 
Henry E. Dixey being the hind legs, in the original production of "Evangeline." 
He was afterward promoted to play the Policeman and Le Blanc. He was with Mr. 
Rice many seasons, and then undertook the management of the Dora Wiley Opera 
Company, of which his wife, from whom he was divorced in 1892, was the star. He 
afterward married, at Cohoes, N. Y., Miss Katherine Kittleman. Mr. Golden pro- 
duced "Old Jed Prouty," of which he was part author, in 1889, and has since 
played the part about three thousand times. In 1894 Mr. Golden was joint star 
with Miss Pauline Hall in a revival of "The Princess of Trebizonde" at Harrigan's 

no 



Theatre, New York. The season of 1898-'99 Mr. Golden appeared with 
Alice X T eilsen in "The Fortune Teller," and the following season he played the 
part of the Steward of the Duke of Burgundy, in "Princess Chic," of which Miss 
Marguerite De Silva was the star. The season of lUOo-'OG he appeared in "The 
Tourists" and "The Bad Samaritan." He is a member of The Lambs and The 
Green Room Club, New York. His home is at Port Washington, N. Y. 



GOLD, MISS BELLE (MRS. A. W. CROSS), comedienne, was originally 
a newspaper reporter, starting when she was twelve years old. When she 
was fourteen an assignment was given her to write about the life of stage 
women behind the scenes. Through this she obtained an engagement with 
John B. Doris, who took a fancy to her, and he gave her a part. She was successful 
in it, but returned to her newspaper for a time. The following year she went on 
the stage for good, and gradually achieved considerable fame. She appeared in "In 

Gay Xew York" and a revival of "The Still 
Alarm." She was featured in the original 
production of "The Bowery After Dark," and: 
starred in "The Colorado Waif" and "Xew 
York Day by Day." In 1904 the Hanlon 
Brothers featured Miss Gold in their "Su- 
perba." Klaw & Erlanger then signed her to 
originate the part of Desdemona with Mc- 
Intyre and Heath in "The Ham Tree." The 
fall season of 1906 she continued with "The 
Ham Tree" company, and during the engage- 
ment of that company at the Xew York 
Theatre, Xew York, her work attracted much 
attention, especially her singing and dancing. 
Miss Gold is the wife of A. W. Cross, 
manager for Walker Whiteside and Lawrence 
Evart. She is the first of her family to be 
associated with the stage. Miss Gold is a 
native of Xew York State and makes her 
home in Xew York City. 




GIDDENS, GEORGE, was born at Chadwick Manor, Middlesex, England, 
in 1855, being the son of James Giddens, a farmer, of Arborfield Berks. 
He began life as an articled clerk in a solicitor's office. While playing 
as an amateur he was noticed by Sir Charles Wyndham, on whose advice 
he decided to study for the stage. He made his first appearance at the Theatre 
Royal, Edinburgh, in 1874. In 1875 he came to the United States with Sir 
Charles Wyndham. His first appearance in London was in 1878, when he played 
Jex, in the "Idol," at the Folly Theatre. He played several years at the Criterion, 
London, sharing in the honors of the success of "Betsy," "The Headless Man," 
"Truth," "David Garrick" and "The Candidate." In 1891 he created the role of 
Adolphus Greenthorne, in "Husband and Wife" at the Comedy Theatre, and he has 
since played with success at Wyndham's, the Hay market, St. James's and Drury 
Lane. He married Miss Katherine Dandridge Drew, an American, in 1891. The 
fall season of 1906 he appeared with Miss Ellis Jeffreys at the Liberty Theatre, Xew 
York, in "The Dear Unfair Sex." 

ill 



GOODKirii, MISS EDNA (BESSIE EDNA STEPHENS), actress, 
was born at Logansport, I ml., in 1883. Her father was A. S. Stephens, a 
coffee merchant. When Miss Edna was only two years old the family 
moved to Chicago, where her father embarked in business and became pros- 
perous Miss Goodrich was educated in Chicago, and graduated from the Hyde 
Park High School. Having made several appearances as an amateur, she deter- 
mined to adopt the stage as a profession, and. going to New York, obtained an 

an engagement at the Casino Theatre 
there, where she made her first profes- 
sional appearance as one of the Sextette 
in "Florodora." I'nlike hundreds of 
others, however. Miss Goodrich does 
not claim to have been one of the orig- 
inal six. 

Miss Goodrich next went with the 
Anna Held Company, and became 
prominent through announcements that 
she was the highest salaried '"Show 
Girl" on the American stage. It was 
witb Miss Held that Miss Goodrich 
got the opportunity to play her first 
real part, that of Madame Recamier, the 
famous Parisian beauty, in the musical 
comedy "Mile. Xapoleon." Miss Good- 
rich then went to Europe and studied 
dramatic art for half a year. On her 
return she was engaged by Charles 
Frohman as understudy to Hattie Will- 
iams, in "The Rollicking Girl," playing 
the part several times in support of Sam 
Bernard. After five months" tuition 
under well known retired actresses Miss 
Goodrich determined to enter the fiekl 

of legitimate comedy. She bought the rights in "The Genius and the Model," a 
comedy by William C. and Cecil de Mille. and made the production herself, starring 
jointly with Harry Woodruff in the fall of 1905. In the spring of 1906 Nat C. 
Goodwin purchased the comedy and engaged Miss Goodrich to play her original 
part of Xeil Graham, the artist's model. He renamed the play "The Genius," and 
Miss Goodrich first appeared as his leading, woman on its production at Albany. 
N. Y., April 20, 1906. Continuing as Mr. Goodwin's leading woman. Miss Good- 
rich first appeared as Phyllis, in "When We Were Twenty-One," at Kansas City on 
June 9, 1906. The fall season of 1906 Miss Goodrich was featured in support of 
Nat C. Goodwin, in "The Genius," at the Bijou Theatre, Xew York. 

GILMORE, BARNEY, Irish comedian and singer, was born in Philadel- 
phia in 1867. As a young man he sang in a church choir in Camden, N. J., 
and when twenty-one joined the Duff Opera Company to play small parts. 
He was then starred in a play called "The Irish Jockey," but had to retire 
on account of ill health, and went back to church work. He made his reappearance 
at Keith's, in Philadelphia, in a character singing specialty. Then he formed a 
partnership with John Conlev, and they played an Irish sketch in the vaudeville 

112 




houses for two years. He next joined John F. Leonard, and they wrote and pro- 
duced "Hogan's Alley," which proved a great success. Mr. Gihnore more recently 
starred in his own play, "The Rocky Koad to Dublin." 



GRISMER, JOSEPH RHODE, actor, playwright and immager. was born 
in Albany, N. Y., November 4, 1849. After graduating from the Albany 
Boys' Academy, at the age of fifteen, he enlisted in a New York regiment 
and went to the front to fight for the cause of the Union. He was in active 
service until the close of the Civil War, when he returned to Albany and went into 
commercial business. Joining the Histrionic Amateur Dramatic Club, he acquired 
a taste for theatrical life, and made his first nrol'essional appearance in Albany in 

is? i). Three years later he was leading 
in-in at the Grand Opera House. Cin- 
cinnati, a position he occupied for 
years, playing all the leading parts in 
support of such stars as K. L. Daven- 
port. Charlotte Cushman. Laura Keane, 
Kdwin Adams. Charles Feehter, Charles 
Mathews. Lawrence Barrett. John Mc- 
Cullough and Adelaide Xielson. He 
also played in hundreds of stock plavs 
of the period. 

Mr. Grismer went to San Francisco 
in. 1877 as leading man of the Grand 
Opera House, afterward occupying the 
same position at the California Theatre 
and the Baldwin. During this time he 
made dramatizations of ''Monte Cristo" 
and "''Called Back," and. having mar- 
ried Phoebe Da vies in 18S.'$. he made 
up a repertoire with these and other 
plays, organized a company and ap- 
peared as joint star with his wife until 
1898. Meantime he and Clay M. 
Greene wrote "The New South." which 
ran three years. In 1898 he rewrote 
and produced " 'Way Down East," a 

play of which William A. Brady and he are the joint owners, and which has had a 
phenomenal run, lasting over nine seasons. 

Since then Mr. Grismer has been connected with Mr. Brady, who, as a boy, had 
been a member of his first company, in 1884, in this and many other plays, and they 
have produced successively "Fifi," "Aunt Hanna," "Betsy Ross," "A Stranger in a 
Strange Land," "Siberia," "Sky Farm" and "As Ye Sow." Their latest production 
is "The Man of the Hour." 

Besides his theatrical interests, Mr. Grismer is a director in the Commercial 
Trust Company, treasurer of the Gulf Fisheries Company, president of the Actors' 
Order of Friendship, vice-president of the Actors' Fund and a member of The 
Lambs, The Players, American Dramatists', Green Room, Bohemian, Larchmont 
Yacht and Manhassett Yacht clubs, and a lieutenant in the "Old Guard." 
Mr. Grismer's business address is New York 1'heatre Building, New York. 




113 



GIRARDOT, ETIEXNE, actor, was born in London of French parents. 
His father. E. Gustave Girardot, is a painter of eminence in England. 
Mr. Girardot was educated for commerce and became an accomplished 
linguist, but home surroundings led him to become an art student first 
and a dramatic aspirant later. In 1875 he made his first appearance as an actor 
in a small part in the English provinces. Eight years of hard work followed, in 
which he sometimes played fifteen parts in a week, and on one occasion "went on" 
for eight characters in "Macbeth." His first success was at Her Majesty's Theatre, 
London, in "The Yellow Dwarf." 

After a year with Mr. and Mrs. Bancroft at the Haymarket Theatre he played 
engagements with John Hare and Arthur Cecil, appearing as Sir Woodbine 
Graf ton, in "Peril," and the Colonel, in "The Queen's Shilling." For two years he 
acted Colonel Sterndale, in "The Solicitor," and made successes as the Idiot, in 
Almost a Life," and Silas Hobbs, in "Little Lord Fauntleroy." He was the 
Antonio, in "Much Ado About Nothing," when Ellen Terry first played Beatrice. 

In 1893 Mr. Girardot was selected by Brandon Thomas, the author, to play 
the leading part in "Charley's Aunt" in this country, and made his first appear- 
ance in New York at the Standard, now the Manhattan, Theatre. The extraordinary 
success of this comedy in London, where W. S. Penley played the title part, was 
duplicated, and Mr. Girardot has become chiefly associated as an actor with the part 
of Lord Fancourt Babberley. 

In this country he has also played Cavendish, in "Mam'zelle 'Awkins"; Pro- 
fessor Archibald Gilworthy, in "The Purple Lady"; Frank Stayner, in "Miss 
Francis of Yale": Major Wilbraham, with Mrs. Fiske, in "Miranda of the Bal- 
cony"; Baron de Stael, with William Collier, in "The Diplomat"; Sir Eobin Mc- 
Taf't, in "My Lady Peggy Goes To Town"; Flute, in "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream," with Nat Goodwin; Valentine Favre, in "Leah Kleschna," and Baptiste, 
in "The Eose," both with Mrs. Fiske, and as Auguste de St. Gre, in "The Crossing." 



GILLMORE, FRANK, actor, was born in New York of English parents, 
who returned to their native land when he was only a few months old. 
His mother, Miss Emily Thorne, was a well known actress, and a member 
of the famous English theatrical family of that name. Mr. Gillmore 
made his first appearance at the age of twelve with a travelling pantomime called 
"Jack and the Beanstalk/' under the management of his aunt, Miss Sarah Thorne. 
Then came a return to the schoolroom, to be followed by a short period of mer- 
cantile life. At the age of seventeen he abandoned the counting room and once 
more became a member of his aunt's forces. He remained with her for three 
years, going on for servant parts and such classic roles as Borneo, Orlando. Othello. 
Shylock, Hamlet and Claude Melnotte. His first appearance in London was in the 
small part of Captain Yane, in "Fascination," by the late Eobert Buchanan, at the 
Vaudeville Theatre. He remained in the stock company at that theatre for three 
years, with occasional appearances at other London theatres. In the autumn 
of 1892 he returned to America to join Charles Frohman's forces. His first 
appearance was in St. Louis in "Settled Out of Court." The following spring he 
appeared in New York for the first time at the Standard Theatre, now the Man- 
hattan, in "The Better Part," and later in "The Arabian Nights." The next season 
he went on the road, and for eighteen months played the part of Lord Winder- 
mere in "Lady Windermere's Fan." Eeturning to England in 1895 he played 
engagements with E. S. Willard, Forbes Bobertson and Beerbohm Tree. Then he 
was under John Hare's management for three years. This brought him again to 

114 



this country on Mr. Hare's second American tour, when he played George D'Alroy, 
in "Caste"; the Rev. Noel Brice, in Pinero's "The Hobby Horse," and Percy, in "A 
Pair of Spectacles." When Mr. Hare produced the Pinero play "The Gay Lord 
Quex" in London Mr. Gillmore played Yalma. Then lie joined Xat Goodwin's 
company, and was the original Soldierman in "When We Were Twenty-one." The 
season of 1899-1900 he was leading man with Mrs. Fiske. playing Rawdon Craw- 
ley, in "Becky Sharpe," and Angel Clare, in "Tess." For the two following years 
he was a member of George Fawcett's stock company in Baltimore and in several 
Southern cities. The second year Mr. Fawcett featured Mr. Gillmore. The season 
1902-'03 he began with "The Japanese Nightingale," and after that closed he again 
joined Mrs. Fiske, this time to play Aulus Flavins, in "Mary of Magdala," and 
other parts. The autumn of 1904 he returned to England, where he played Captain 
Lovel, in "Mice and Men," with Forbes Robertson. In January. 1905, Mr. Robert- 
son began a tour of the American cities with "Love and the Man,'' by H. V. 
Esmond, and with "Hamlet." In the former Mr. Gillmore played Mr. Herridge, 
M. P., and in the latter Laertes. Then followed a short season at the American 
Theatre, where Mr. Gillmore played Mercutio, Bassanio and Sir Christopher Deer- 
ing, in "The Liars." The autumn of 1905 he joined W. A. Brady and Joseph Gris- 
mer's company, appearing as John St. John, in "As Ye Sow." He left that after 
the New York run to play the Marqiiis of Tredbury in the original production of 
Winston Churchill's play, "The Title Mart." In the spring of 1900 he appeared 
at the Garrick as Sir Charles Foden, in "What the Butler Saw." Mr. Gilimore's 
wife is known on the stage as Laura McGilvray. 



GREENE, MISS EYIE (MRS. RICHARD TEMPLE, JR.), light 
opera prima donna, was born at Portsmouth, England, and made her 
debut as a dancer in comic opera at the age of fourteen. Discovering that 
she had vocal talent she became understudy to a prima donna, and a year 
later played leading parts en tour in musical comedies. When she was seventeen 
years old she was a provincial star, sustaining the title roles in "The Gay Paris- 
ienne," "The New Barmaid" and "Billy." 

She made her appearance in London in the romantic opera "L' Amour Mouille" 
at the Garrick Theatre in 1898. Her next important role in London was Dolores, in 
"Floroclora," at the Lyric, in 1899. Then she entered into a contract Avith George 
Edwardes and has been playing under his management ever since. She created the 
role of the Duchess of Dantzic at the Lyric in 1903, and at the end of the long 
run of the opera in London she played it through the provinces and in America. 
She was last seen in the prima donna part in Sardou and Felix's new opera, "Les 
Merveilleuses," at Daly's Theatre, London. 

GREET, BEN, actor-manager, was born on a training ship in the Thames, of 
which his father, Captain William Greet, of the Royal British Navy, was 
commander, and was educated at a naval school. His introduction to the 
stage was as a member of J. W. Gordon's stock company at Southampton, 
England. Then he played for three years with Sarah Thorne at Margate. He was 
the original Dashitall, in "My Sweetheart," with Minnie Palmer, and was with Mary 
Anderson at the Lyceum Theatre in London in 1885. He afterward played with 
Lawrence Barrett at the same theatre and then at the Haymarket with Beerbohm 
Tree in "Jim the Penman." Then he ventured into management, taking a touring 
company into the provinces. He was successful and has had from ten to fifteen com- 

115 



panies on the road in England and America during a season. Many of the leading 
London successes were produced by him in the provinces. He was one of the 
pioneers of pastoral plays, and for a score of years he has presented Shakespeare in 
the open air in England and of late in the United States. He produced "Everyman" 
in London and brought it to this country, where it proved a great success. He is 
the founder and proprietor of a dramatic training school in London. 



GREY, MISS KATHERINE, was born in San Francisco, Cal., her parents 
being John T. and Katie R. Best, and her grandfather Captain Francis 
Read, a well known pioneer of the days of '49. She made her first stage 
appearance with Augustin Daly's company. Her first leading part, and 
the first which brought favorable notice to her, Avas that of Helen Berry, in "Shore 
Acres," with James A. Herne. Since then she has played in "Shenandoah/' "All 
the Comforts of Home," "Jane," "The New South," '"New Blood," "The Jilt," 
"Our Bachelors," "Roger La Honte." "The Senator," "Napoleon." "Arms and the 
Man." "A Parisian Romance," "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," "The King of Peru," 
"The Royal Box," "The Man with a Past." "His First Offence," "Niobe," "The 
Superfluous Husband," "His Little Dodge,'' "Rupert of Hentzau," "A Southern 
Romance." "The First Born," "The First Violin," "Cyrano de Bergerac," "The 
Greatest Thing in the World." "Men and Women," "The Last Appeal," "The 
Ninety and Nine," "Petticoats and Bayonets," "The Best of Friends," "The Other 
Girl,"' "The Gay Lord Quex," "When We Were Twenty-One," "The Girl I Left 
Behind Me," "Charley's Aunt," "Incog/' "The Man from Mexico," "My Friend 
from India," "Gloriana," "Captain Lettarblair," "Secret Service," "Hearts 'Aflame," 
"Business Is Business," "The Firm of Cunningham," "The Governor of Kentucky," 
"A Scrap of Paper," "Wolfville," "You Never Can Tell," "Candida," "The 
Redskin," "The .Love That Blinds/' "The Christian/' "A Lady of Quality," "The 
Only Way/' "The White Heather." "Facing the Music/' "Too Much Johnson" and 
"Mrs. Dane's Defence." She has been leading woman for Richard Mansfield, 
Charles Coghlan, James K. Hackett, Henry Dixey, William H. Crane, N. C. Good- 
win and Arnold Daly. 

GRISEL, LOUIS RACINE, actor, was born near New Castle, Delaware, 
November 26, 1849. being the son of Susan Amanda Racine, a Parisian, 
and Louis Theophile Grisel, a Swiss. His mother acted character parts 
under the stage names of Marie Le Gros and Mrs. Ed. Clifford. His first 
appearance on the stage was at Deagle's Theatre, St. Louis, as Landry, in "La Tour 
de Nesle," in 1873. The same year he appeared as Tradclles, in "Little Emily," 
with Stuart Robson at the Olympic Theatre, St. Louis. After several years of road 
management, in 1883 he joined Miss Fanny Davenport's company, playing the part 
of Dr. Loreck in her initial production of "Fedora" at the old Lyceum (Fourteenth 
Street) Theatre, New York. He next became stage manager of the New Park 
Theatre, now the Herald Square, New York, for the Frohman Brothers' production 
of "The Stranglers of Paris/' written by David Belasco, also playing the part of 
Captain Guerin. Later he played the role of Mons. Claude, Prefect of Police, in 
the same play. He was a member of Madame Ristori's company on her farewell tour 
in America in 1884-'85. For several summers thereafter he was stage manager 
of J. H. McVicker's Theatre, Chicago, for the first production of what is 
now called "Shore Acres," then known as "Uncle Nat," with James A. Herne 
in the title role, and also for one of the earlier plays of Augustus Thomas, 

116 



"New Blood." In 1889-'90 he toured the United States as Tuck- Jot-, in 
J. K. Emmett's play of that name, and was also in 1S89 a member of Mrs. 
Langtry's company at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, Xew York. At the opening of the 
Castle Square Theatre by Henry W. Savage in Boston Mr. Grisel became stage man- 
ager. Thereafter he played the roles created by W. H. Thompson in "Love's Young 
Dream" and "A Family Circle" under the management of Charles Frohman. lie has 
played recently in "The Girl from Kay's," "A Wife Without a Smile" and "Forty- 
Five Minues from Broadway." His wife is an actress, her stage name being Mary 
(Mamie) Johnstone. 

GROSSMITH, GEORGE, JR., actor, the eldest son of George Grossmith 
and nephew of Weedon Grossmith, was born, in London and educated at 
the University College School and in Paris. His first important engage- 
ment was in London in the production of "Morocco Bound" in 1893. The 
following year he appeared at the Gaiety in "The Shop Girl." He had prominent 
parts in "The Messenger Boy," "The Toreador" and other London productions. 
and in 1904-'0o he was a member of Edna May's company, which played "The 
School Girl" in Xew York. He is part-author of "Great Caesar." "The Gay Pre- 
tenders," "Gulliver's Travels," "The Love Birds," "The Spring Chicken," "Rogues 
and Vagabonds" and "Xoah's Ark." He married Adelaide Astor. a sister of Letty 
Lind, of the Gaiety Theatre, London. 



GROSSMITH, LAWRENCE, actor, was born in London in 1ST 7. being 
the son of George Grossmith, the entertainer; nephew of Weed en Grossmith, 
and a brother of George Grossmith, Jr. He M r as educated at St. Paul's 
College, the London University School and at Shrewsbury. Originally 
intending to become a mechanical engineer, he served for two years and a half at 
the engineering works of Stothert & Pitt, at Bath, England. He made his debut 
on the stage at the Court Theatre, London, with Arthur Chudleigh in 1896. playing 
at night and studying painting during the day. For five years he played comedy 
in the West End of London under the managements of Beerbohm Tree, Arthur 
Bourchier, Charles Hawtrey, Frank Curzon, Mrs. John Wood and others. He 
toured in America with Mrs. Langtry for six months. Lately he has been asso- 
ciated with musical plays. The season of 1906-'07 he was with Lew Fields, opening 
at the Herald Square Theatre, Xew York, in "About Town." 
He married Coralie Blvthe June 2, 1904. 



GROSSMITH, WEEDON, actor, a younger brother of George Grossmith, 
was born in London and educated at Simpson's School, Hampstead. He 
attended also the West London School of Art. He is a successful portrait 
painter and has frequently exhibited paintings at the Royal Academy and 
Grosvenor Gallery. Adopting the stage as a profession, he joined the company of 
Rosina Yokes in 1888, and came with it to the United States. On returning to 
London he made an unsuccessful appearance in "Woodstock's Little Game," and 
returned to the studio in disgust. Sir Henry Irving, however, offered the part of 
Jacques Strop, in "Robert Macaire." to him, and he was so successful in this that 
Richard Mansfield, then just beginning his career as a star, offered to him a part 
in "Prince Karl," which was running at the Haymarket, London. In this theatre 
he distinguished himself as Percy Palfreman, in "Wealth." After that he had great 

117 



success in "The Cabinet Minister," "The Volcano" and "A Pantomime Rehearsal/' 
In 1894-'96 he acted as manager of the Vaudeville Theatre, London. He produced 
a play written by himself, called "The Night of the Party," in the Avenue Theatre 
in 1901, and then made a tour of the United States with it, playing a long season 
at the Princess Theatre, New York. In 1904 he appeared in the "Lady of Leeds," 
and in 1905 in "The Duffer," a play written by himself. 

In 1895 Mr. Grossmith married May Palfrey, of London. He is a member of 
The Beefsteak, Garrick, Savage and Art Students' clubs, London, and The Lambs 
and The Players. New York. His home is at No. 1 Bedford Square, London, W. C. 



GRU NDY, SYDNEY, playwright, was born in Manchester, England, March 
23, 1848, being the son of the late Sydney Grundy, ex-Mayor of Man- 
chester. After leaving Owens College he practised as a barrister in Man- 
chester from 1869 to 1876. His first effort as a dramatic author was a 
comedietta, "A Little Change," written in 1872 and produced by Buckstone at the 
Haymarket in London, the Kendals playing the principal roles. His first important 
play was "Mammon," produced in 1887. This was followed by "The Snowball," 
"In Honor Bound," "The Vicar of Bray," "A Fool's Paradise," "The Head of 
Eomulus," "Man Proposes," "Sympathetic Souls," "The Glass of Fashion," "The 
Queen's Favorite," "The Silver Shield," "Clito," "The Wife's Sacrifice," "The Bells 
of Haslemere," "The Arabian Nights," "The Pompadour," "The Dean's Daughter," 
"A White Lie," "Esther Sanfraz," "Haddon Hall," "Sowing the Wind," "An Old 
Jew," "A Bunch of Violets," "A Village Priest," "The New Woman," "Slaves of 
the Eing," "The Late Mr. Castello," "The Greatest of These," "A Marriage of Con- 
venience," "The Silver Key," "The Musketeers," "The Degenerates," "The Black 
Tulip," "A Debt of Honor," "Frocks and Frills" and "Business Is Business/' 
nearlv all of which have been seen in this countrv. 



GUILBEBT, MADAME YVETTE, vaudeville singer, was born in Paris, 
her father being a wealthy merchant. She was educated in a convent 
until her father lost his fortune, when, at the age of fifteen, she went to 
work to help support her family. She helped her mother in an embroidery 
shop which the latter opened in Paris, but the two women were unlucky. Then 
Yvette became a dressmaker, but her health suffered, and she sought a place in the 
Paris theatres. She was unsuccessful, and then tried reporting. She forsook the 
pen to try for the stage again. This time she went to a cafe concert hall, and 
was successful. Her chansons soon became the talk of Paris, and have since been 
one of the marked features of the amusement world. She is now as well known 
to American vaudeville patrons as she is in Paris and London. The season of 
1906-'07 she made a tour of this country in conjunction with Albert Chevalier, the 
English comedian and Ginger of "coster" songs. 



HACKETT, JAMES KETELTAS, actor and manager, was born on 
Wolfe Island, Ontario, Canada, September 6, 1869. His father, James 
Henry Hackett, was a famous American actor, and his mother, Clara C. 
Hackett, a popular actress. The elder Hackett died when James K. was 
only two years old. The boy inherited a desire for the stage, and when he was seven 
years old recited Shakespeare's "Seven Ages" in public. As a youth Mr. Hackett 
became well known as a clever amateur actor, and he was the leading spirit in the 

118 



theatricals at the College of the City of New York, from which he was graduated in 
1891. For less than a year he studied law. Then lie became an actor, making his 
first professional appearance in the part of Francois, in "The Broken Seal,"' with 
A. M. Palmer's stock company, at the Park Theatre. Philadelphia, March 28, 1892. 
After a short season as leading man with Lotta, Mr. Hackett joined Augustin Daly's 
company, but left it to star during the season of 1893-'94 in ''The Private Secre- 
tary," "The Arabian Xights" and "Mixed Pickles." He next became leading man 
in the Queen's Theatre (Montreal) Stock Company, where he played in ''Heart and 
Hand," "Snowball," "American Money" and other comedies. On January 14, 
1895, he played the Count de Neipperg, in the production of "Madame Sans-Gene," 
at the Broadway Theatre, New York. He also appeared the same year in support 
of Mrs. James Brown Potter and Kyrle Bellew. 

Mr. Hackett joined Daniel Frohman's Lyceum Theatre company in November, 
1895, making his first appearance as Morris Lecalle. in "The Home Secretary." On 
the resignation of Herbert Kelcey Mr. Hackett became leading man of the com- 
pany, opening as such with the revival, on February 10. 1896, of "The Prisoner of 
Zenda." On November 23 of the same year Mr. Hackett played Bruce Leslie, in 
"The Courtship of Leonie," in which Mary Mannering, an English actress, made 
her first appearance in America. She became Mr. Hackett's wife May 2, 1897. 
With the Lyceum company Mr. Hackett played Captain Trefuss, in "The Late Mr, 
Castello"; the Prince of Wales, in "The First Gentleman of Europe"; Lord Cer- 
vasse Carew, in "The Mayflower"'; George Lamorant, in "The Princess and the 
Butterfly," and Nigel Stanyon, in "The Tree of Knowledge." He began a starring 
tour in the latter play, but abandoned it after his production of "Rupert of Hent- 
zau." in Philadelphia, November 21, 1898. His next production as a star was 
"The Pride of Jennico," in which his wife played the leading woman's part. The 
season of 1905-'06 he produced "The Walls of Jericho," by Alfred Sutro. at the 
Savoy Theatre, he being the leading man and his wife the leading woman. It 
proved to be one of his most successful ventures. 

The last few years Mr. Hackett has gone into management on a large scale, being 
associated with the so-called Independent movement. His business office is at No. 
1215 Broadway. His home is No. 38 East 33d street. New York. He is a member 
of The Players and the Alpha Delta Phi Club. 



HALL, OWEN (JAMES DAVIS), playwright, was born in London in 
1853, and educated at the University College of London. He practised 
law for twelve years, during that time doing literary work for English 
journals, but finally dropped legal work for journalism. For two years 
he was assistant editor of "Galignani's Messenger" in Paris and dramatic critic of 
"The Sporting Times" of London. He also founded and edited "The Bat" and 
"The Phoenix." Meeting George Edwardes one day in a railway carnage he told 
the manager that he could write a better piece than the one then running at the 
Gaiety Theatre, London, of which Edwardes was manager. He received a commis- 
sion on the spot to show what he could do. In a few weeks he produced the manu- 
script of "A Gaiety Girl," which proved a big success. After this he wrote "An 
Artist's Model," "The Geisha," "A Greek Slave" and "Floradora," none of which 
ran less than a year in London, and all of which have been successfully produced in 
New York. He is also the author of "The Silver Slipper," "The Girl from KayV 
and "The Little Cherub," all of which have been seen in New York. 

A brother of Mr. Davis is a well known newspaper reporter in New York. 

119 



HALL, MISS PAULINE (MRS. GEORGE B. M'LELLAN). 
comedienne and light opera singer, was born in Seventh street, Cincinnati, 
in 1860, her maiden name being Pauline Fredericka Schmidgall. Her 
father kept a drug store. When she was fifteen years old Miss Schmidgal! 
made her first appearance on the stage, under the name of Pauline Hall, as a 
dancer in the ballet at Robinson's Opera House, Cincinnati, under the manage- 
ment of Colonel E. E. J. Miles, and when he sent "America's Racing Association 
and Hippodrome" on the road Miss Hall was the Mazeppa of the street parade and 
drove a team in the chariot races. In 1880 Miss Hall joined the Alice Oates Opera 
Company as a member of the chorus, occasionally playing small parts. Then for a 
few months she was with Miss Mary Anderson, playing such parts as Lady Capulet, 
in "Romeo and Juliet," and the Widow Melnotte, in "The Lady of Lyons." Next 
joining Edward E. Rice's company she played in "Horrors" and "Revels," and a? 
Gabrielle and Hans Wagner, in "Evangeline." 

In 1882 Miss Hall was with the J. H. Haverly company, singing Elsa, in '"Tht 
Merry War." Again joining the Rice company, she created the part of Venus, in 
"Orpheus and Eurydice," at the Bijou Theatre, Xew York, December 1, 1883. The 
extravaganza ran until March. 15, 1884. The following May 6 she appeared as 
Hasson in a revival of "Bluebeard" at the same theatre, and three months later 
was at Xiblo's Garden, Xew York, as Loresoul, in the spectacular extravaganza 
"The Seven Ravens." In February, 1885, she created the part of Ixion, in the 
burlesque of the same name at the Corned}- Theatre, Xew York. Then for a time 
she played a German part, Prince Orloffsky, in "Die Fledermaus," at the Thalia 
Theatre. Xew York. After a short season with Xat Goodwin, as Oberon, in "Bot- 
tom's Dream," Miss Hall joined the Xew York Casino forces under Rudolph Aron- 
son, making her first appearance there as Xinon de L'Enclos, in "Xanon." Angelo, 
in "Amorita," and Saffi, in "The Gipsy Baron," were other roles. 

Miss Hall made her greatest success as the originator of the part of Ermine, 
in the opera of that name, which she played throughout its record breaking run of 
eight hundred performances at the Casino, Xew York, and also throughout the 
country. Other Casino successes in which Miss Hall took part were "Xadjy" and 
"The Drum Major." 

She became a star at the head of her own company in 1892, appearing as Vivian, 
Earl of Barrenlands, in the comic opera by C. M. S. McLellan and Edgar Stillman 
Kelley, "Puritania, or the Earl and the Maid of Salem," in Boston. After a 
season in vaudeville Miss Hall joined the Francis Wilson company in the spring 
of 1900, singing in a revival of "Erminie" and in the comic operatic version of 
"Cyrano de Bergerac." Of recent years Miss Hall has been seen chiefly in singing 
specialties in vaudeville houses. 

Miss Hall was married to Edward White, a Western mining man, at St. Louis, 
in February, 1881. She obtained a divorce from him in 1889, and in 1891 was 
married to George B. McLellan. a theatrical manager and brother to C. M. S. Mc- 
Lellan, the playwright. Her home is at Caryl, Yonkers, X. Y. 



HALL, THURSTOX, actor, was born in Boston in May. 1882. He ap- 
peared in many amateur performances, playing Charles Marlow, in "She 
Stoops to Conquer," and Clement Hole, in "Sweet Lavender," among other 
parts. His first appearance on the professional stage was in William 
Morris's production of "When We Were Twenty-one" in September, 1901. His first 
part of importance was that of Jasper Sterrett, in "A Poor Relation." under the 
management of Fred S. Berger, played in the season of 1902-'03. His chief success 



120 



lias oeen as Mr. Bob, the part lie created in "Mrs. \Yiggs of the Cabbage Patch," 
under the management of Liebler & Co. He lias played in stock companies in 
Providence and Eochester during several summers, and last summer was the lead- 
ing man of the Players' Stock Company at the Bush Temple Theatre, Chicago. He 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, is fond of all outdoor and athletic sports 
and has written some verse. His home is at Winchester. Mass. 



HAIXES, KOBEKT TEKKEL, actor, was horn at Muncie, Indiana. Fer> 
ruary 3, 1870, and educated at the public schools there and at the Uni- 
versity of Missouri. He made his stage debut in 1S91 with Robert Down- 
ing in the Xational Theatre. Washington. D. ('.. appearing as Lucius in 
"Yirginius." In 1892-'93-'94 he was in Thomas W. Keene's company, and 
in 1894-'9o with James O'Xeill in '''The Count of Monte Cristo.'" In 1895-'96 
he played leading heavy parts in support of Walker NVhiteside. In 189(5-'!) 7 he 
played Alexis Xazimoff in "Darkest Russia," and De Xeipperg in "Madame Sans 
Gene." In 1897-'98 he appeared as John Xazavoe in "The Cherry Pickers.'" He 
turned his attention to stock company work from 1898 to 1900, being the leading 
man of the Shubert Stock Company at Syracuse, X. Y., and of the Albaugh Stock 
Company at the Lyceum Theatre, Baltimore. The following season he supported, 
as Don Juan of Austria, Viola Allen in "In the Palace of the King." His next 
engagement was as leading man for Mrs. Minnie Maddern Fiske. whom he supported 
for two seasons at the Manhattan Theatre, Xew York. 

In 1902 he created the part of Pan! Charteris in Genevieve Haines's "Hearts 
Aflame" at the Garrick Theatre, Xew York. In the following season he created 
the part of Prince Kara, in "The Darling of the Gods'" at the Belasco Theatre. Xew 
York, sharing with Blanche Bates the honors of a run in the city and on the road 
which lasted for four seasons. In 1904-'05 he starred in "Once Upon a Time," by 
Genevieve Haines. In February, 1905, he was especially engaged to support Robert 
Mantell in his Shakespearan revivals in Xew York, playing such parts as I ago, 
Richmond, De Mauprat and Laertes. In 1905-'06 he again played Prince Kara, in 
"The Darling of the Gods," this time as a star. On May 7, 1906, he created the title 
role in George Broadhurst's drama, "The CoAvard," at McYicker's Theatre. Chicago. 
Mr. Haines is a graduate of the University of Missouri, from which he received 
the degree of LL.D. He is a member of The Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, The 
1 jambs, The Players, The Green Room Club, The Siwanoy Country Club (West 
Chester, New York), and The Brooklyn Yacht Club. He married, at Xew Orleans, 
March 14, 1895, Genevieve Greville, the playwright. 

HARLAX, OTIS, comedian, was born and educated in Zanesville, Ohio, 
where in 1887, while he was still a schoolboy, the late Charles H. Hoyt met 
him. That year Mr. Harlan became a member of Hoyt's company 
making his first appearance on the stage as The Romantic Young Man, in 
"A Hole in The Ground."' He next appeared with Frank Daniels in "Little Puck," 
after which he returned to the Hoyt fold, as one of the Razzle-Dazzle trio, in "A 
Brass Monkey." His next part was Major Yell, in "A Texas Steer," after which he 
left Hoyt for a time and played Tippo Tip, in George Thatcher's "Africa." He 
played with May Irwin in "Boys and Girls," and next appeared as Spinks, in 
"Gloriana." After a short season with Thomas Q. Seabrooke in "The Isle of Cham- 
pagne" he played the part of the Yizier, in "Tabasco." He then made his greatest 
success as Hot Stuff, in "A Black Sheep." Afterward he played the title part in 

121 




OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN. 

(Photograph by Marceau.) 



"A Stranger in New York," and that of a New Jersey hayseed, in "A Xight and A 
Day.'" The season of 1905-'06 Mr. Harlan played Theodore Banting, in "The Van- 
derbilt Cup." 



HAMMERSTEIN, OSCAR, manager and builder of theatres, was born in 
Berlin, Germany, in 1847. He came to this country in 1863 and engaged 
in cigarmaking for a living. He invented many labor saving devices in 
this industry, for which he secured patents. He was a passionate lover 
of the theatre, and, in 1868, he wrote three one-act comedies, one of them with 
music, and they were successfully produced at one of the German theatres in New 
York. They were called "Selo Sechsig," "Antonio" and "Our Poor Relations." In 
1870 he leased the Stadt Theatre, which afterward became the Windsor, and launched 
into theatrical management. He was not successful from a financial point of view, 
and for a time he relinquished his theatrical management ambition. 

In 1880 he came to the conclusion that Harlem needed a theatre, and he set to 
work to build her one. At that time Harlem was not the populous section that it 
is now, and she really did not want a theatre. But the valiant Oscar decided that 
she did, and he built her the ^Harlem Opera House, one of the most beautiful and 
practical theatres of the world. The place ate up nearly $300,000 of Mr. Hammer- 
stein's money before he lost it. Then he decided that Harlem needed two theatres, 
and he built her the Columbus, opening it with Margaret Mather. It made money, 
but the money had to be sent to the opera house to maintain it. Next he came 
down to Manhattan and built the Manhattan Opera House, which afterward 
became Koster & Bial's Music Hall. Then he built the Olympia, now the New 
York, and undertook to run it as a first class music hall. He paid the highest 
salaries, and for a time the Olympia was very prosperous, but the house was finally 
taken from him by the New York Life Insurance Company on a mortgage for 
$900,000, 

Since the collapse of the Olympia enterprise Mr. Hammerstein has built four 
more theatres in New York the Victoria, which he now manages; the Belasco 
Theatre, the theatre opened by Lew Fields in 42d street, and the new Opera House, 
in which he is to try conclusions with the Metropolitan Opera House in the pro- 
duction of grand opera. 



HARNED, MISS VIRGINIA (MRS. E. H. SOTHERN), actress, was 
born in Boston in 1868, but when she was a baby her parents left that 
city and she was educated and spent her early years in England. Return- 
ing to this country she made her first stage appearance with a travelling 
company playing "Our Boarding House." Early in 1887 she appeared with George 
Clarke in "The Corsican Brothers" and "False Shame," and then for two years 
toured with a company playing "A Night Off," taking the part of Liobe. After a 
short season with Harry Lacy in "The Still Alarm," Miss Harned made her first 
appearance in New York, March 31, 1890, at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, in 
Sedley Brown's "A Lost Lane; or, On Green Meadows." 

After a season playing Florence Fetherley, with Louis Aldrich, in "The Editor," 
Miss Harned was engaged by Daniel Frohman as leading woman for E. H. Sotheru 
and she made her first New York appearance at the Lyceum Theatre, as Clara Dexter, 
in "The Maister of Woodbarrow." She also created the leading woman roles in 
"Lord Chumley," "The Dancing Girl" and "Captain Lettarblair." Her Drusilla 
Ives, in "The Dancing Girl," attracted most attention. In 1893 she joined A. M. 

123 



Palmer's company and with it played Mrs. Erlynne, in "Lady Windermere's Fan" ; 
Letty Fletcher, in "Saints and Sinners," and Mrs. Sylvester, in "The New Woman." 
In 1895 Miss Harned created the part of Trilby in this country at its first produc- 
tion at the Park Theatre, Boston, March 11, and afterward played the part through- 
out a long run at the Garden Theatre, New York. She was also the original Lady 
Ursula, in the comedy "The Adventure of Lady Ursula," first produced at the Broad 
Street Theatre, Philadelphia, December 6, 1807. 

For several seasons Miss Harned has starred at the head of her own company. 
The season of 1906-'07 she played "The Love Letter." 

Miss Harned was married to Edward H. Sothern in Philadelphia December 3, 
1896, since which time she has appeared chiefly in his support. Her New York 
address is No. 37 West 69th street. 



HARRIS, SAM H., manager, was born in the Bowery, New York, in 187x5. 
He was a bread winner at the age of eleven and was employed in various 
mercantile pursuits up to the time when he was seventeen years old, 
when he became the manager of a large steam laundry. Soon afterward 
he became manager of Terry McGovern. the lightweight pugilist, with whom he 
was very successful, both in victories and financially. He bought a half interest in 
a burlesque show, "The Gay Morning Glories," and featured McGovern in it. Mr. 

Harris next produced one of Theodore 
Kremer's melodramas, "The Fatal Wed- 
ding," which was most successful in the 
popular priced houses. One day, on an 
excursion of the Music Publishers' Union 
in New York, he was introduced to George 
M. Cohan, the comedian and playwright. 
They soon became associated as partners, 
and since then Mr. Harris has been iden- 
tified with the enormous successes of the 
Cohan musical comedies. 

His ability as a theatrical manager at- 
tracted the attention of Klaw & Erlanger, 
who entered into an arrangement with him 
whereby they had first claim on the services 
of the young author and composer. 

Notwithstanding his numerous theatrical 
duties, Mr. Harris still finds time to indulge 
in his favorite pastime, automobiling, and 

his touring car is a familiar sight on Broadway, New York. His permanent address 
is New Amsterdam Theatre Building, New York. 




HARRISON, MISS MAUD, actress, began her stage career at the Madison 
Square Theatre, New York, under the late A. M. Palmer, acting, as 
a child, the boy Shakespeare Jarvis, in "The Lights o' London." She 
was the first Mrs. Brown, in Bronson Howard's "The Banker's Daughter." 
She was the Queen, in "Elaine," Annie Russell being the actress of the title role. 
She was concerned in such runs as those of "Saints and Sinners," "Aunt Jack," "One 
Touch of Nature," "Jim the Penman" and "Broken Hearts." She was the first 
actress in this country as Rosa Guerin, in "A Parisian Romance," in which Richard 

124 



Mansfield made his first notable hit. She was the Henriette of the famous Palmer 
revival of "The Two Orphans." 

Miss Harrison played in Sydney Rosen f eld's farce of "The Purple Lady," in 
1899, at the Bijou Theatre, Xew York, and also in "Xaughty Anthony," produced in 
1900 at the Herald Square Theatre. Xew York, by David Belasco. The season of 
1906 she was in "Clothes," supporting Grace George. 



HART, JOSEPH (J. H. BONDROW), comedian, was born in Boston, 
June 8, 1858, and began his professional career as a child in such plays 
as "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and "Ten Xights in a Barroom" at the Howard 
Athenaeum, then under the management of his uncle. Josh Hart. In the 
early '70s he joined I. W. Baird's minstrels as end man. and soon became one of the 
most popular of minstrels and banjo players, coining his own jokes and writing 
his own songs. He was one of the minstrel troupe of Simmons and Slocum, of 

Philadelphia, and one of Tony Pastor's best 
drawing cards. He left minstrelsy and va- 
riety to play as Koko. in "The Mikado," and 
in "The Princess Ida." In 1888 he went into 
partnership with Frederick Hallen. and under 
the name of Hallen and Hart they toured the 
country with a company, playing the musical 
comedy "Later On," written by Mr. Hart and 
H. Grattan Donnelly. This ran for six suc- 
cessive years, and was followed by "The 
Idea," by Mr. Hart and Herbert Hall Win- 
slow, which served them well for two years 
more. 

The partners separated then, and Mr. Hart 
starred the season of 1895-'96 in "A Gay Old 
Boy," written 'by himself. In 1897-'98 he 
was the star in C. T. Dazey's "A Tarry town 
Widow." From 1901 to 1905 he starred in 
"Foxy Grandpa/' written by him in collabo- 
ration with Melville Baker, with whom he also collaborated in the writing of "Girls 
Will Be Girls." Mr. Hart is the author and producer of many vaudeville sketches, 
?n several of which his wife, Carrie De Mar, whom he married August 1, 1894, has 
achieved popularity. His home is 16 Morningside avenue, Xew York. His business 
address is Xew York Theatre Building, Xew York. 




HARRIGAX, EDWARD, actor and playwright, was born in the old 
Seventh Ward of Xew York October 26, 1843, being the son of an Irish 
ship contractor. When a boy he made his first appearance on the stage 
in the old Bowery Theatre, delivering an original stump speech at a 
performance of Campbell's Minstrels. From fifteen to seventeen he was an appren- 
tice in a shipyard. Then he drifted to the variety stage, soon becoming one of the 
leading lights of that class of entertainment. His first team partner was Alexander 
O'Brien, and his second Sam Rickey, with whom he appeared in "The Little Fraud," 
at the Globe Theatre, Xew York, November 21, 1870. "The Mulcahey Twins" was 
also produced during this engagement, and struck the popular taste. The text of 
both sketches was written by Harrigan. After dissolving partnership with Rickey 

125 



Mr. Harrigan joined with Tony Hart, and for years the Harrigan and Hart team 
was popular. 

At this time the upper West Side of New York was a wilderness of rocks and 
boulders, upon which thousands of poor families lived in squatters' shanties, paying 
no rent. Mr. Harrigan saw in this element the basis of a play and wrote "Squatter 
Sovereignty." He produced it at the Theatre Comique, New York, in 1881, and 
took the city by storm. It was followed by a series of similar plays. Mr. Har- 
rigan obtained control of the Theatre Comique and became a manager himself. 
That theatre was destroyed by fire in 1884, and Harrigan and Hart went to the 
Park Theatre, now the Herald Square, where they produced "McAllister's Legacy," 
"Cordelia's Aspirations" and other plays. 

On December 29, 1890, Mr. Harrigan opened a new theatre in West 35th street, 
now the Garriok, which was called Harrigan's Theatre. He remained there several 
years, and then retired from management and devoted his time to tours. Among 
the successful Harrigan plays may be mentioned "The Mulligan Guards," "The 
Mulligan Guards' Christmas," "The Mulligan Guards' Picnic," "Mulligan's Silver 
Wedding," "Old Lavender," "McSorley's Inflation," "The Leather Patch," "The 
O'Tehans," "Dan's Tribulations" and "Eeilly and the 400." 



HASWELL, MISS PERCY (MRS. GEORGE FAWCETT), actress, 
was born in Texas and educated in Washington, D. C. She made her 
first appearance on the stage as a member of Augustin Daly's company, 
playing small parts and being understudy to Ada Eehan. She made her 
first pronounced success as Molly Seamore, in "The Geisha." In 1895 Miss Haswell 
became leading woman for William H. Crane, in whose company she remained three 
years. In 1899 she became the star of a stock company, playing the entire season 
in Washington. She was leading woman with Otis Skinner during the New York 
run of "Prince Otto," and in 1901-'02 she starred at the head of her own stock 
company at Chase's Theatre, Baltimore, opening with "The Liars," and playing 
mam- Frohman productions, such as "Liberty Hall," "The Tyranny of Tears," "A 
Marriage of Convenience/' etc. 

Miss Haswell is the wife of George Fawcett, the well known actor and manager. 



HAYDEN-CLARENDON, J. (O'BRIEN), actor and playwright, was 
born in County Cork, Ireland, July 10, 1878. He was educated at Rat- 
cliff College, Leicestershire, England. After studying law in London in 
1897 he took up the study of art in Paris. Later he studied music in 
Dresden. While in Paris he wrote a novel of Parisian student life, "The Aspen 
Leaf." In 1899 he returned to London and took his first professional stage engage- 
ment, to understudy the part of Bobby Rivers, in "A Gaiety Girl." He next played 
Young Marlowe, in "She Stoops to Conquer" ; Guy Stanley, in "A Runaway Girl" ; 
Lieutenant Fairfax, in "The Geisha" ; The Unknown, in "In Gay Paree," and Harry 
Bronson, in "The Belle of New York." 

In October, 1900, he came to America and became a member of Henrietta Cros- 
man's "Mistress Nell" company. In 1901-'02 he played Percy Van Stuyvesant. in 
"The Casino Girl" ; Dolly, in "Morocco Bound," and Captain Donegal, in "Floro- 
dora." In 1905-'06 he pla.yed Artie, in "The Prince of Pilsen." He is the author 
of the comic operas, "Sunny Jim" (in collaboration with Roy L. McCardell) ; "The 
Man from Cook's" and "The Gay Coquette." He married, in Boston, March 13, 
1902, Hattie V. Moore, daughter of John Moore, of Brooklyn. 

126 




HENDERSON, DAVID, manager, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 
1853. At the age of twelve he found himself an orphan, and went to 
work on "The Edinburgh Evening Courant." There he was grounded in 
all departments of newspaper work. He became an expert stenographer, 
and found himself, at the age of eighteen, in Xew York. 

At first he wrote "on space'' in the daily newspapers, and acted as news editor 
on "The Scottish American." He then conceived the idea of publishing cheap 

standard novels. With his brother Wemyss 
he started a printing office in Ann street and 
a publishing office in Xassau street. Within 
two months he had appointed agents in half 
a dozen states, and was selling wagon] oads. 
lie accepted a commission from William 
Smyth, then of "The Herald." to go to Cal- 
ifornia, where he met Flood, Fair, O'Brien. 
Mackay, George E. Hearst (father of W. R. 
Hearst), James Keene, Ralston, John Mc- 
Cullough, Mark Twain and many who have 
since become famous. 

David Henderson, as foreign correspond- 
ent for "The Chicago Tribune," was with 
General Grant on his trip around the world 
while in Europe. Returning to this country, 
he became dramatic critic of "The Chicago 
Tribune." After this, with General John A. 
Logan and William D. Eaton, he founded 
"The Chicago Herald." 

The Chicago Opera House was his next project. He planned the scheme and 
the stock $550,000 was subscribed in six weeks. Thus Chicago had the first 
fireproof, steel constructed, electric lighted theatre in the country. While the theatre 
was being built Mr. Henderson accepted an offer from Melville E. Stone, and became 
managing editor of "The Chicago Daily News." 

The opera house was opened by the late Thomas W. Keene, in "Hamlet." Then 
began a record which has rarely been excelled in any one theatre in this country by 
any one manager. The policy of the Chicago Opera House stamped that city as 
a producing centre. In June, 1887, was born "The Arabian Xights." It had a run 
of 392 performances. "The Crystal Slipper" followed and was given 855 times. 
Then came "Sinhad." with 783 performances. This was followed by "Bluebeard, 
Jr./' with 802 performances, and "Aladdin, Jr.," with 500. "Ali Baba" was given 
over 900 times, and as an attraction at the Chicago World's Fair cleared $246,000. 
Many players, including Henry Xorman. Eddie Foy, John D. Gilbert, Gerald 
Coventry, James Sullivan, William Collier, Thomas Ryley, Otis Harlan, Lee Har- 
rison, Ezra Kendall, Herbert Gresham, Ada Deaves, Carrie De Mar, Ida Mulle, 
Frankie Raymonde, Bonnie Maginn, May Yohe, Dave Warfield, May Irwin and the 
late Dan Daly were associated with and many of them graduated from the Grand 
Opera House under Mr. Henderson's management. 

At the Chicago Opera House Reginald De Koven and Harry B. Smith's first 
opera, "The Begum," and later their greatest success, "Robin Hood," were first 
presented. The Metropolitan Opera Company sang on that stage for the first time 
in the West, Mr. Henderson staged for many years the productions of the McCaull 
Opera Company. 

the other theatres of which Mr. Henderson has been the lessee are the 



127 



Broadway,, in Denver; the Great Northern and Schiller (now the Garrick), in 
Chicago; the Auditorium, Kansas City, and the Savoy, New York. He built the 
Duquesne Theatre (now the Belasco) in Pittsburg. 

Mr. Henderson married Frankie Eaymonde in 1896, having a few years pre- 
viously divorced his first wife, who was known on the stage as Grace Henderson. 

HAWTREY, CHARLES, actor, was born at Slough, near Windsor, Eng- 
land, in 1855, being the son of the Eev. John Hawtrey, an Eton master. 
He was educated at Rugby. He made his first appearance on the stage in 
London in "The Private Secretary," which had a long run. This was fol- 
lowed by "The Arabian Nights," "Tenterhooks," "Nerves/' "Jane" and "Husband 
and Wife." He played at tlie Globe Theatre from 1892 to 1895, and produced "The 
\Yhite Elephant" and "Saucy Sally" at the Comedy in 1895 and 1896, and "One 
Summer's Day" in 1897. This was followed by "The Cuckoo" and "Lord and Lady 
Algy" in 1898, and "A Message from Mars," at the Avenue Theatre, London, in 
1898-1900. With this play he came to the United States in 1904, under the man- 
agement of Charles Frohman, making a pronounced success. 

Returning to London in 1905. he repeated "A Message from Mars" at the Avenue 
Theatre, and then produced "Time Is Money," at the Criterion, subsequently going 
on a provincial tour with Ethel Irving in the same piece and in "The Lucky Miss 
Dean." He created the part of Mr. Kingsbury, in "The Indecision of Mr. Kings- 
bury," at the Haymarket. He adapted "The Private Secretary" from the German 
of Von Moser, and is the author of "Mr. Marton," a three act comedy. 

Mr. Hawtrey married Helen Neary Durand, daughter of the Eev. Ha vi land 
Durand. of England, in 1902. His home is No. 5 Basil Mansions, Sloane street, 
London, W. 



HELD, MISS ANNA (MRS. FLOREXZ ZIEGFEL1), JR.), actress, 
according to her managers, is a Parisienne, but it has been stated by those 
claiming to know that she was born in Indiana. She first became popular 
in America when she appeared, following Charmion, at Koster & Bial's 
Music Hall, New York. Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., then her manager and now her 
husband and manager, first introduced her to the legitimate stage by featuring 
her in a revival of "A Parlor Match" with Evans and Hoey at the Herald Square 
Theatre, New York. It was at this time that Miss Held was advertised as taking 
a bath in a tubful of milk every morning. After a disastrous tour to the Pacific 
Coast, in which she played in "A Gay Deceiver" and "The Cat and the Cherub," she 
appeared in "La Poupee" at Hammerstein's Olympia, New York, and then in the 
musical comedy "Papa's Wife," by Harry B. Smith and Reginald De Koven. 



HERBERT, VICTOR, composer, was born in Dublin, Ireland, on February 
1. 1859, the son of Edward and Fannie Lover Herbert, and the grandson 
of Samuel Lover, the novelist. He was sent to Germany to study music 
when only seven years old, and became an expert performer on the violon- 
cello, playing that instrument in the Court Orchestra, Stuttgart, and with many 
famous European organizations. He came to this country as solo 'cellist in the 
Metropolitan Orchestra in 1886, and afterward played first 'cello and was assistant 
conductor with Theodore Thomas and Anton Seidl. He became bandmaster of the 
Twenty-second Regiment Band, New York, in 1894, and in 1904 organized his own 
orchestra, which has toured all over the country. Mr. Herbert's contributions to 

128 



stage music are the scores of the operas "Prince Ananias,'' "The Serenade" and "The 
Viceroy/' for the Bostonians; "The Wizard of the Nile," "The Idol's Eye" and "The 
Ameer," for Frank Daniels ; "Cyrano de Bergerac," for Francis Wilson ; "The 
Fortune Teller" and "The Singing Girl.'' for Alice Xielsen; "Babette" and "Mile. 
Modiste," for Fritzi Scheff ; "Dolly Dollars," for Lulu Glaser, and "Babes in Toy- 
land" and "It Happened in Nordland." 

Mr. Herbert married on August 14, 1886, Therese Foerster, a well known prima 
donna. Mr. Herbert's home is No. 321 West 108th street, Xew York. 



HERNE, MISS CHRYSTAL, actress, was born in Boston in 1883, her 
father being the well known actor James A. Herne, whose chief success 
was "Shore Acres." Miss Herne made her stage debut in a small part in 
"Griffith Davenport" on January 16, 1899, the play being produced by 
her father's company. In the season of 1900-'01 she played with her father in 
"Sag Harbor." Her next engagement was with E. H. Sothern. This was followed 
by her appearance as Dearest in a revival of "Little Lord Fauntleroy." In 1903 
she appeared as Hippolyta in Xat Goodwin's production of "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream," and in November of that year plaA'ed her first engagement as a leading 
woman, supporting Arthur Byron in Clyde Fitch's "Major Andre." This play 
proving short-lived, she was engaged as leading woman by Xat Goodwin. In his 
company she appeared as Gwendolin Winston, in "My Wife's Husbands." and as 
Margaret Ruthven, in "A Gilded Fool." For the remainder of the season of 1904 
she played the leading parts in Klaw & Erlanger's production of "Home Folks" 
and in "Richter's Wife," written by her sister, Julie Herne. When Arnold 
Daly began his production of the series of Shaw plays he engaged Miss Herne as 
his leading woman, and her impersonations of Candida, in "Candida," and Gloria, in 
"You Never Can Tell," were prominent factors in giving those plays their great 
popularity. She appeared as Vivie Warren in the only production of the Shaw 
play "Mrs. Warren's Profession" the authorities allowed. Leaving Mr. Daly's com- 
pany, she went to London, appearing as the leading woman in support of H. B. 
Irving, son of Sir Henry Irving, in his production of "The Jury of Fate" at the 
Shaftesbury Theatre, the opening night being January 2, 1906. In March. 190(5. 
she returned to Xew York and again joined Mr. Daly in a Shaw play, this time 
playing Reina Petkopf, in "Arms and the Man." 



HILLIARI), ROBERT COOHRAN, actor, was born in Xew York in 
May, 1857. Soon afterward his family moved to Brooklyn, where they 
were socially prominent. Robert Hilliard first tried commercial life in 
a broker's office in Wall Street, but, becoming interested in am-iteur theat- 
ricals and being elected president of the well known Gilbert Dramatic Society in 
Brooklyn, an organization in which he and Edith Kingdon, now Mrs. George Gould, 
played leading parts, he determined to adont the stage as a profession. He leaded 
the Criterion Theatre. Brooklyn, and made his first professional appearance, in 
"False Shame," there January 18. 1886. He also played in "Engaged" and "Led 
Astray," at his own theatre. 

His next engagement was with Charles Frohman, in "Saints and Sinners" and 
"The Golden Giant." After seasons with Mrs. Langtry and Nat Goodwin Mr. 
Hilliard starred in "Mr. -Barnes of New York," and made one of his greatest suc- 
cesses in "Blue Jeans." Other conspicuous parts he played were Richard Gray, in 
"Adrift." and the Earl of Woodstock, in "Sporting Life." In 1901 he was featured 

129 



by Charles and Daniel Frohman in "Wheels Within Wheels." He also starred 
successive seasons with Paul Arthur in "The Nominee," and alone in "Lost 24 
Hours," "The Mummy" and "The Sleepwalker." 

For years he played a one-act drama called "The Littlest Girl" in the vaudeville 
houses, and in the fall of 1905 he created the part of Dick Johnson (Kemerrez, the 
road agent), in David Belasco's "Girl of the Golden West." In 1881 he married 
Cora Bell, a daughter of Franklin Bell, of Brooklyn, who obtained a divorce from 
him April 21, 1894, and the custody of their only son ; then twelve years old. In 
September, 1896, Mr. Hilliard married, in Jersey City, Mrs. Nellie E. Murphy, who 
had obtained a divorce from her husband, Edgar Gibbs Murphy, a well known wing 
shot. Before her first marriage she was Nellie E. Whitehouse, of N.ew York. Mr. 
Hilliard's son is now an ensign in the L T nited States Navy, having graduated No. 3 
in his class at Annapolis three years ago. 



HITE, MISS MABEL (MRS. MICHAEL J. DONLIN), actress, was 
born in Ashland, Ky., in 1885, being the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis 
Hite. She made her first appearance on the stage when eleven years old 
as the Lord Chancellor in an amateur performance of "lolanthe." Her 
first professional engagement was with Dunn & Kyley's company in "The Milk 
White Flag," in which she played the part of Pony Luce. She made her first 
marked success a? Estelle in "The Telephone Girl," playing Miss Lipman's part. 

She also achieved success as Quiriussa in 
"The Girl and the Bandit." Since then she 
has appeared chiefly in vaudeville sketches 
with Walter Jones in all the principal the- 
atres of the Keith-Proctor and Percy Will- 
iams circuits and also at Hammerstein's. 

Miss Hite, unlike many other young 
soubrettes, is not afraid to distort her feat- 
ures, assume ungainly attitudes and wear un- 
attractive but laughter inspiring apparel. 
She has made a specialty of playing uncouth 
and ungainly girls, and seeks to be funny 
rather than to look handsome on the stage. 
In her sketch with Mr. Jones she plays the 
part of an actress who assumes to be half- 
witted, and by her clever acting wins the love 
of the man she loves. The season of 1906 
Miss Hite and Mr. Jones played an extended 
tour. Miss Hite is a baseball enthusiast, and 

early in 1906 she became the wife of Michael J. Donlin, the well known baseball 
player. 




HITCHCOCK, RAYMOND, comedian, was born in Auburn, N. Y. Be- 
ing successful as an amateur actor, he decided to adopt the stage as 
a profession. Obtaining an engagement in New York to play leading 
parts on the road, he and the management mutually discovered that he 
was unsuited to the part of Ingomar, and, finding himself stranded in Philadelphia, 
Mr. Hitchcock obtained work in Wanamaker's store, where he remained a year. He 
next was engaged by William T. Carleton and sang in the chorus of "The Brigand" 

130 



for a salary of sixteen dollars a week. He got his first real opportunity in Montreal 
when Charles A. Bigelow fell ill and he was called on to take the comedian's part at 
short notice. His next engagement was for the part of Sir Tobin Topa.x. in "The 
Golden Wedding/' after which he became leading comedian in the Castle Square 
Opera Company, playing a variety of parts in standard light opera. He was the 
original Uncle Shank in "We 'Uns of Tennessee." and afterward appeared in George 
W. Lederer's productions of "A Dangerous Maid" and "Three Little Lambs." He 
supported May Irwin in "The Belle of Bridgeport," played a season with "The 
Burgomaster," and later appeared in "Vienna Life" and in the original cast of 
"Miss Bob White." Mr. Hitchcock became a star under the management of Henry 
W. Savage in "King Dodo," produced in Chicago early in 1902 and taken the same 
year to Daly's Theatre, New York. Mr. Hitchcock has recently starred in "Easy 
Dawson," "The Galloper" and "The Student King/" 

HUGHES, MISS ANNIE (MKS. EDMUND F. LENOX), actress, was 
born in Southampton, England, in 1869. She was the daughter of 
Henry Hughes-Gass, of H arrogate, Yorkshire, and was educated in Xorth 
London and at Queen's College, Harley street, London. Miss Hughes was 
only fifteen years old when she made her first appearance on the stage in "The 
Private Secretary," under the management of Charles Hawtrey, at the Globe The- 
atre, London. After a short season with Thomas Thome at the Vaudeville she 
was engaged by Sir Charles Wyndham, creating the part of Caroline Boffin, in "A 
Man With Three Wives," and playing Jennie Gammon, in "Wild Oats," and one of 
"The Two Roses," in a revival of Alberry's comedy. 

Joining the Adelphi company she played in "The Bells of Hazlemere," and 
then went to the Court Theatre and created the part of Winifred, in "Mamma," and 
also played with Mrs. Kendal in "The Weaker Sex." In 1887 she was the original 
Little Lord Fauntleroy, playing the part at the trial matinee. After a season 
with E. S. Willard, playing Xancy, in "The Middleman," Miss Hughes was mar- 
ried in 1890 to Nicholas Devereux, a wealthy young Irishman, and announced her 
intention of retiring from the stage. The same year, however, she played in "April 
Showers" and in "Sweet Xancy." She also played Angela, in "A Country Mouse," 
in 1901 ; in "A Girl from School," in 1903, and in "Public Opinion," in 1905. 

In 1904 Miss Hughes created the part of Eliza Dibbs in E. C. Carton's comedy 
"Mr. Hopkinson," at the Avenue Theatre, London. When the comedy was produced 
in Xew York, early in 1906, Miss Hughes made her first appearance in America in 
her original part. Miss Hughes is now the wife of Edmund Fitzmaurice Lenon, an 
English actor, known on the stage as Edmund Maurice. Their home is at Xo. 4 
Portman Mansions, Gloucester Place, London, W. 



HOWARD, BKOXSON", playwright, was born in Detroit on October 7, 
1842. His father was a ship owner and the Mayor of Detroit in 1849. 
He was educated at Russle's Institute, New Haven, Conn. He began life 
as a newspaper man and worked on "The Evening Mail," "The Tribune" 
and "The Evening Post," New York, in 1862. Four years later he retired from 
journalism to devote himself to dramatic authorship. During a long career as a 
dramatist he has written scores of comedies and dramas, the most successful of 
which have been "Saratoga," produced in 1870 ; "Diamonds," 1872 ; "Moorcroft," 
1874; "The Banker's Daughter," 1878; "Old Love Letters," 1878; "Hurricanes," 
1878; "Wives," 1879; "Young Mrs. Winthrop," 1882; "One of Our Girls," 1885; 

131 



"Met by Chance," 1887; "The Henrietta/' 1887; "Shenandoah," 1889; "Aris- 
tocracy," 1892, and "Peter Stuyvesant" (in collaboration with Brander Matthews), 
1899. Mr. Howard is president of the American Dramatists and a member of the 
Authors' and Lotos clubs and The Players, New York; the Savage and Green Room 
clubs, London, and the Prismatics, Detroit. Mr. Howard married Miss Alice 
Wyndham, a sister of Sir Charles Wyndham, in London, October 28, 1880. 



HOLLINS, MISS MABEL, actress and singer, was born on Christmas 
Day, 1887, in London. Her mother was a noted operatic singer; her 
father Eedfern Hollins, the well known English tenor, and her uncle 
Julian Edwards, the composer. In 1890 Miss Hollins was brought to 

this country l>j her family, and three years later her sister Maude, then playing with 

Richard Mansfield, in "The Scarlet Letter," took her on tour with that company. 

Mr. Mansfield, after a talk with Miss Mabel, insisted that she play the part of Pearl, 

a juvenile, in his support. At the end 
of the tour the youthful actress re- 
turned home and began the study of 
music. 

Although it was never intended that 
she should go on the stage, Miss Hollins 
took part in several amateur perform- 
ances at the Park Hill Country Club, in 
Yonkers, and played Peep-Bo, in "The 
Mikado.'" A year or two later, during 
a summer season of comic opera at the 
Grand Opera House, New York, Will- 
iam Stewart, having seen Miss Hollins's 
work as an amateur, selected her for the 
part of Molly Seymour, in "The 
Geisha," which she played with marked 
success. All doubt as to her future 
vanished, and F. C. Whitney secured 
her for Nora Melon, in "Piff, Paff. 
Pouf." which ran almost a year at the 
Casino Theatre, New York, and later 
played the larger cities. Following 
this. Miss Hollins created the part of 
Daisy, in "His Honor the Mayor," 
which opened at the Chicago Opera 
House. After a long engagement there 

the company toured the Middle West and later settled at the New York Theatre 

for a long summer run. 

During this engagement of "His Honor the Mayor" Charles Frohman engaged 

Miss Hollins to play Lady Dorothy, in "The Little Cherub," at the Criterion Theatre. 

New York, and she left the part of Daisy at the height of its popularity, only to 

achieve a greater success in her new role. Miss Hollins is a talented pianiste and 

has composed several songs, some of which have already been published. Her home 

is in Yonkers, N. Y. 




132 



HOLLAND, EDMUND MILTON, actor, was born in Xew York Sep- 
tember 7, 1848, being the second son of George Holland, a well known 
comedian, and Catherine (DeLuce) Holland, and the brother of Joseph 
and George Holland. He was educated at the public schools. He made 
his first appearance on the stage as a baby, being carried on by his father in the play 
"To Parents and Guardians." When he was fifteen he was made call boy at Mrs. 
John Wood's Olympic Theatre, and about the same time he played one of the children 
in "A Day After the Fair." For three years he worked at ^Irs. Wood's theatre for 
a salary of $6 a week and then was engaged for small parts at Barnunrs Museum. 
He next appeared with Joseph Jefferson in the first production in Xew Yon\ of 
"Eip Van Winkle." In 186? Mr. Holland joined Lester Wallack's company. Up 
to that time his stage name had been E. Milton. For thirteen years he remained 
a member of the Wallack organization, his first part being in "A New Way to Pay 
Old Debts." His most pronounced success was as Silky, in "The Road to Ruin." 

After leaving Wallack in 1880, Mr. Holland played a short engagement under 
A. M. Palmer as Rifnandini. in "French Flats," after which he went to London with 
Mr. and Mrs. McKee Rankin, playing the Judge, in "The Danites." Returning to 
this country he played Major McTurtle, in "Mother-in-Law," and the Deacon, in 
"After the Ball," at Abbey's Star Theatre, Xew York. In 1882 he played Pittacus 
Green, in "Hazel Kirke." When Mr. Palmer assumed control of the Madison 
Square Theatre Mr. Holland became a member of his stock company, in which 
organization he remained until the end of the season of 1894-'95. His best known 
characters there and those which he was the first to portray in this country included 
Captain Redwood, in "Jim the Penman"; Mr. Gardiner, in "Captain Swift"; 
Berkley Brue, in "Aunt Jack"; Gregory, in "A Pair of Spectacles"; Lot Burden, 
in "Saints and Sinners," and Colonel Carter, in "Colonel Carter of Cartersville." 

Mr. Holland,, in conjunction with his brother Joseph, first appeared as a star at 
the Garrick Theatre, Xew York, September 2, 1895, in "A Man With a Past." The 
seasons of 1895-'96 and 1896-'97 the Holland brothers starred in "A Social High- 
wayman," and later E. M. Holland appeared as Eben Holden in the play of that 
name, under the management of Charles Frohman. He played Pope Pius X, in 
"The Eternal City/' in 1902-'03, and Captain Bedford, in "Raffles," with Kyrle 
Bellow from 1903 to 1906. Mr. Holland is a member of The Lambs and The 
Players. 

HOPPER, WILLIAM DE WOLF, comedian, born in Xew York March 
30, 1858, is descended from the well known Colonial De Wolf family on his 
mother's side and allied by marriage to the Belmonts, Tiffanys, Perrys, 
Lawrences and Aspinwalls. The old De Wolf homestead at Bristol, R. L, 
in which state the family was famous and wealthy in the days of the Revolution, was 
only recently sold. His mother, Miss Rosalie De Wolf, traced her genealogy back to 
the eleventh century, the founder of the family being known as Olf the Sharp Eyed. 
De Wolf Hopper's father, John Hopper, came from Quaker stock. He was a lawyer, 
and it was intended that his son should follow the same profession. De Wolf Hopper 
studied law, however, for only six months. He acted in an amateur performance of 
"Conscience" at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, and immediately de- 
cided to become a professional actor. With $50,000 which he received at his father's 
death he organized his own company, calling it the Criterion Comedy Company, and 
with it he made his professional debut as Talbot Champneys, in "Our Boys." The 
company also played "Caste." The company was a failure, but Mr. Hopper had some 
money and unbounded confidence still left, and his next venture was to manage and 

133 



finance a tour through the South and West of "One Hundred Wives." The stranding 
of this company ended his managerial career. 

He then became a humble actor, and was engaged by Edward Harrigan for a 
part in "The Blackbird." After this he studied singing for a time, with the inten- 
tion of taking up grand opera, but abandoned the plan to accept an engagement with 
Daniel Frohman in the Madison Square Theatre Company in 1884. He appeared 
at that theatre as Pittacus Greene, in "Hazel Kirke," and Owen Hathaway, in "May 
Blossom." Then he again looked longingly at the grand opera stage and resumed 
vocal study. Comic opera, instead of grand, he soon learned, was to be his forte. 
Tn the fall of 1885 he joined the McCaull Opera Company forces, and, being called 
on at the last moment to play Pomeret, in "Desiret," at the Broad Street Opera 
House, Philadelphia, acted the part so well that he was at once made chief comedian 
of the company, with which he played in "The Black Hussar/' "The Beggar 
Student," "Die Fledermaus," "The Lady or the Tiger," "Don Caesar," "Loraine," 
"Bellman," "Josephine Sold by Her Sister," "Falka," "Folback," "Boccaccio," "The 
Crowing Hen," "Clover," "Fatinitza," "The Begum" and "Captain Fracasse." 

Mr. Hopper first became a star in 1890, under the management of Locke & Davis, 
in the opera "Castles in the Air." The following season he brought out "Wang," by 
J. Cheever Goodwin and the late Woolson Morse, and it proved his first great success. 
It ran for two seasons. "Panjandrum" followed, running for a season. He produced 
"Dr. Syntax" in October, 1895, and followed this with "El Capitan," by John Philip 
Sousa. in which he opened in Boston, April 13, 1896. In 1898 he took "El Capitan" 
to London, where it met with astonishing success, and he also did very well there 
with "The Charlatan," under the title of "The Mystical Miss." He later appeared 
as a member of the all star stock company at the Weber & Fields Music Hall, New 
York, and left that organization to head his own company in "Mr. Pickwick." After 
a revival of "Wang" in 1904 he appeared the season of 1905-'06, under the manage- 
ment of the Shuberts, in De Koven's "Happyland," which ran the entire season. 
Mr. Hopper has also played Falstaff, in "The Merry Wives of Windsor," and David, 
in an all star production of "The Rivals." Mr. Hopper has married four times. His 
first wife was Ella Gardiner, his second cousin on his mother's side. They were 
divorced, and he married Ida Mosher, of Boston, a member of the McCaull chorus. 
They had one child, a boy. They were divorced in 1886. He married Edna Wallace 
on January 28, 1893. They were divorced in 1898, and the following year Mr. 
Hopper married Nella Reardon Bergen, who had shared his success in "El Capitan." 
Mr. Hopper is a member of The Lambs. 

HOPPER, MISS EDNA WALLACE, comedienne and light opera 
singer, was born in San Francisco, Cal., her father being Walter Wallace, 
a baseball scorer and theatre usher of that city. After his death her 
mother was married to Alexander Dunsmuir, a Canadian, who lived in 
San Francisco. He died in New York in January, 1900, forty days after his mar- 
riage to Mrs. Wallace, leaving a fortune valued at between eight and ten million 
dollars to his brother, James Dunsmuir, ex-Premier of British Columbia. His 
widow compromised her claim on the estate for an annuity of $25,000, which ceased 
at her death. After her death Edna Wallace brought suit in the Canadian courts, 
where the will was probated, for one-third of the estate, to which her mother was 
entitled under the laws of California. The Canadian courts upheld the will, and 
the case was taken by Miss Hopper to the Privy Council, the British court of last 
resort, in London. 

Edna Wallace was educated at Yanness Seminary, San Francisco. The late 

134 



Koland Reed was responsible for her desire to become an actress. He met her when 
she was about seventeen years old and jokingly offered her a place in his company, 
which was then playing in San Francisco. Although her parents did not approve 
of it, she accepted the offer, and August 17, 1891, made her first stage appear- 
ance with Mr. Eeed's company at the Boston Museum, as Mabel Douglass, in "The 
Club Friend." Two weeks later she made her first Xew York appearance, playing 
the same part at the Star Theatre where, six weeks later she played the ingenue 
role in "Lend Me Your Wife." Her work attracting the approval of Charles 
Frohman, he engaged her for his forces, and with them she appeared as Lucy 
Morton, in "Jane"; Mrs. Patterby, in "Chums"; Margery, in "Men and Women," 
and Wilbur's Ann, in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." In the last named her play- 
ing received most favorable comment. 

She was married to De Wolf Hopper June 28, 1895, while she was playing 
Wilbur's Ann, becoming Mr. Hopper's third wife. A few weeks afterward, Delia 
Fox becoming ill, Miss Hopper jumped into her part as Paquita, in "Panjandrum," 
and made of her first essay in the comic opera field a remarkable success. There- 
after she played with her husband, as Merope Mallow, in "Dr. Syntax" ; Mataya, in 
"Wang," and created, in April, 1896, the part of Estrelda, in "El Capitan," by 
John Philip Sousa. The Hoppers had domestic difficulties, separated in 1898, and 
were divorced, Mr. Hopper marrying Miss Bergen. Thereafter Edna Wallace 
Hopper appeared in "Yankee Doodle Dandy," an extravaganza; with Lillian 
Russell, in a revival of "La Belle Helene," and in 1899-1900 with Jerome Sykes, 
in the extravaganza "Chris and the Wonderful Lamp," acting the role of Chris. 
The season of 190o-'06 she played in vaudeville. The fall season of 1906 she was 
a member of Lew Fields's company, opening at the Herald Square Theatre, Xew 
York, in "About Town." Her address is Xo. 863 Seventh avenue, Xew York. 



HUNT, PHIL, manager, was born in Philadelphia in 1868. He began his 
theatrical career in 1880 with H. B. Mahn's Juvenile Opera Company. 
Engagements followed with various travelling and stock companies. In 
1886 he became treasurer and business manager with Bennett and Moul- 
ton's companies, followed by engagements in a managerial capacity with Madame 
and Augustin Xeuville, X. S. Wood, Joseph Callahan, Harry Lacy and for three sea- 
sons with H. C. Miner's and W. A. Brady's companies. In 1894 he directed the tour 
of Weber & Fields's "The Trolley Party," and in 1895 managed the tour of the Wash- 
burn Sisters in "Fortuna." Three seasons' association with Arthur C. Aiston fol- 
lowed, and in 1900 he managed the tour of Ben Hendricks in Jacob Litt's production 
of "A Yenuine Yentleman." In 1902 he bought from Mortimer Murdoch, the Eng- 
lish playwright, "Down by the Sea" for the sum of $300 and it cleared a profit of 
$18,500 for Mr. Hunt in the following three .seasons. In August, 1905, at the 
American Theatre, Xew York, he produced "Hearts of Gold," and the same season, in 
December, "A Crown of Thorns" at the Fourteenth Street Theatre. Mr. Hunt's 
later productions were "The Master Workman" and "An Outcast Wife." 

ILLINGTON, MISS MARGARET (MRS. DANIEL FROHMAN), 
actress, was born in Bloomington, 111., in 1881. Her maiden name was 
Maude Light. After studying dramatic art for two years in a Chicago 
school she made her professional debut in a small part in "The Pride of 
Jennico," with James K. Hackett's company. Subsequently she played the leading 
woman's role in that romantic drama. In 1902 she became a member of Daniel 

135 



Frohman's stock company at the Lyceum Theatre, New York. She afterward 
played a summer engagement as leading woman of the Richmond (Va.) stock 
company and played one season as leading woman with E. H. Sothern. In 1905 
she created the leading role in "The Japanese Xightingale" at Daly's Theatre, 
New York, and in March, 1904, she played Henriette, in the all-star cast 
revival of "The Two Orphans." She was the creator of the part of Mrs. Leffing- 
well, in Augustus Thomas's comedy, "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots," in November. 
1905. She played the leading woman's role in "The Lion and the Mouse" in 
Chicago in 1906 and went to London with the company especially selected to pre- 
sent the Klein play there. On September 3, 1906, she appeared as Nina, the lead- 
ing woman's role in Arthur W. Pinero's "His House in Order," at its first American 
production at Charles Frohman's Empire Theatre, New York. 
Miss Illington's home is No. 159 West 7 Oth street, New York. 



IRVING, HENRY BRODRIBB, actor, eldest son of Sir Henry Irving, 
was born in London August 5, 1870, and educated at Marlborough and 
New College, Oxford, where he took honors in history. On July 26, 1896, he 
married Dorothea Baird, an actress, who came into prominence as creator of 
the part of Trilby. He was called to the bar in 1894, but never practised, preferring 
to follow his father's profession. When twenty-one he joined John Hare's com- 
pany at the Garrick Theatre, London, appearing in "School," in 1891. He filled 
engagements under various managers and toured in the provinces with Ben Greet' s 
company in 1895. He played Louis Roupell, in "The Tree of Knowledge," and 
Sir William Beaudevere, in "The Ambassador," with George Alexander, at the St. 
James's in 1896-'97. In 1902 he joined the company of Charles Frohman at the 
Duke of York's Theatre to play Orlando, in "The Twin Sisters," and Crichton, in 
"The Admirable Crichton." In 1905 he appeared as Hamlet at the Adelphi, and 
his performance was greeted with warm praise. 

Mr. Irving is the author of "The Life of Judge Jeffreys,''* published in 1898, 
and a volume of criminal studies, entitled "French Criminals of the Nineteenth 
Century," published in 1901. His home is at Russell Mansions. Southampton Row, 
London. 



IRVING, MISS ISABEL, actress, was born in Bridgeport, Conn., February 
28, 1871. Soon after she left school, and without experience, even as an 
amateur, she was engaged by Rosina Yokes, and made her first appearance 
at the Standard Theatre. New York, as Errnyntrude Johnson, in "The School 
Mistress," in February, 1887. The following season she was engaged by Augustin 
Daly, and remained in his company six years, appearing as Oberon, in "A Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream" ; Helen, in "The Hunchback" ; Audrey, in "As You Like It" ; 
Daisy, in "Nancy and Co." ; Susan, in "A Night Off" ; Pansy, in "The Great Un- 
known," and Faith, in "The Last Word." She played with the company in London, 
and also at the Vaudeville Theatre, Paris, where she appeared in Ada Rehan's part 
of Jo, in "The Lottery of Love." 

While in London in 1894 Miss Irving resigned from the Daly company, and 
that fall she played Lady Noeline, in "The Amazons," under the management of 
Daniel Frohman. On the retirement of Georgia Cayvan, Miss Irving became lead- 
ing woman of the old Lyceum Theatre Company, New York. While there she played 
in "'The Case of Rebellious Susan," "The Prisoner of Zenda," "A Woman's Silence," 
"The Wife," "The Charity Ball" and "The Benefit of the Doubt." 

136 



In 1897 she was engaged by Charles Frohman to succeed Maude Adams as lead- 
ing woman for John Drew, a place she occupied for several seasons, during which 
she played in "Rosemary," ''A Marriage of Convenience,'* "One Summer Day." "The 
Liars'' and "The Tyranny of Tears." She also appeared in several other Frohman 
productions, among them being "The Husbands of Leontine," "Self and Lady," 
"The Romanesques," "The Eoyal Rival," with William Faversham. and in "A Mes- 
sage from Mars," with Charles Hawtrey. She then was starred in "The Crisis," 
under the management of James K. Hackett. She played Louise, in the all star cast 
of "The Two Orphans." 



IRWIN, MISS MAY (MRS. FREDERICK W. KELLER), activss. was 
born in Whitby, Ontario, Canada, in 1802. being the daughter of Robert F. 
and Jane Draper Campbell. When she was eight years old she was the 
soprano of the village church choir. She made her first stage appearance with 
her sister Florence at Daniel Shelby's Adelphi Variety Theatre, Buffalo, in December. 
1875, the sisters singing duets. It is recorded that Florence fainted after they had 
done their first turn. At the suggestion of Mr. Shelby they adopted the name 
Irwin for stage purposes. Their combined salary was $30 a week. In 1877 the 
sisters were playing their first sketch, "On Board the Mary Jane." at a Detroit 
variety theatre. Tony Pastor saw them there and engaged them for his Xew York 
theatre, and they appeared for the first time in the metropolis on September 13, 
1877. There they played the sketch "A Rural Stroll" for four years and played 
"leads" in the burlesques. They left Pastor's in 1884, and May Irwin was engaged 
by Augustin Daly. She made her first appearance at his theatre in Pinero's "Boys 
and Girls." She became popular as the creator of the role of Siisan, in "A Xight 
Off," and Lucy, in "The Recruiting Officer," and accompanied Mr. Daly's company 
twice on its tours abroad. In 1888 she returned to variety and became, with her 
sister, a member of the Howard Athenaeum Company, Boston. At this time the 
Trwin sisters produced John J. McXally's first dramatic work, a sketch called 
"Home Rule." After appearing in H. Grattan Donnelly's "Fashions" she appeared 
as Helen Stockton, in "The Junior Partner," with Henry Miller, under the man- 
agement of Charles Frohman ; as Ophelia, in the burlesque "Poets and Puppets," 
and in Russell's "The City Directory." After an engagement with Peter Dailey in 
"A Country Sport" she for the first time became a star with "The Widow Jones," 
by John J. McXally, which ran through the season of 1895-'96. It was at this time 
that Miss Trwin began the coon song singing which has added so materially to her 
popularity. She got the idea through hearing negro servants singing rag time at a 
summer hotel. The season of 1896-'97 she again met with success as a star in "The 
Swell Miss Fitzwell," and the following season appeared in "Courted Into Court/' 
"Kate Kip, Buyer," "Sister Mary," "The Belle of Bridgeport," "Madge Smith, 
Attorney," followed successively up to the season of 190.VOO, when she appeared in 
"Mrs. Black Is Back." She last appeared in "Mrs. Wilson, That's All." 



JEFFRIES, MISS MAUD, actress, was born in Coahoma County. Missis- 
sippi, in 1870, and educated in Columbia, Tenn. When nineteen years old 
she obtained an engagement to play small parts in Augustin Daly's company 
in Xew York. Then Wilson Barrett, the English actor, engaged her for his 
London company. Her first London success was in "The People's Idol," at the 
Olympic Theatre. After that she played leading parts in Mr. Barrett's repertoire. 
>U'e was the original Kate, in "The Manxman," and Ben My Chree, in Hall Game's 

137 



adaptation of his novel "The Deemster." She was also the original Mercia, in "The 
Sign of the Cross/' which she played with Wilson Barrett all over the world. She 
played Marianne in Beerbohm Tree's production of "Herod" at His Majesty's 
Theatre. London, in 1900. Since then she has made a tour of Australasia. 



JANIS, ELSIE (ELSIE JANIS BIEBBOWER), actress, and youngest 
star on the American stage, was born at Delaware, Ohio, March 16, 1889. 
Her parents were of English, Scotch-Irish and German ancestry. As a child 
of three years she began the imitations which have since placed her in a class 
by herself in that line of stage work. In her own words : "I began imitating every- 
thing, from animals to railroad trains." While she was living in Columbus she was 
taken to see James Neill, who was playing there with his own company. Being 
struck with the personality of the child, he arranged to make her a member of his 

company, and gave her her first part, 
that of the boy Cain, in "The Charity 
Ball." As Cain she made her first 
stage appearance December 24, 1897. 
Her parents had known President Mc- 
Ki nicy's family in Columbus, and while 
a guest at the White House at Christ- 
mas, 1899, she showed her ability as an 
entertainer to an audience composed of 
the President and his family, members 
of his Cabinet and Miss Janis's great- 
uncle, Senator Cockrell, of Missouri. 
Her talent for mimicry so impressed 
the President that he suggested a vaude- 
ville stage career for her. His advice 
was followed, and in August. 1900, she 
made her first appearance on the vaude- 
ville and New York stages. Edward 
E. Eice, who was conducting summer 
night concerts on the Casino Theatre 
roof, engaged her, and under the name 
, .,*/;, of "Little Elsie" she was an instantane- 
ous success. For the next three years 
she was a top liner in the chief theatres 

-'... -'- j of the vaudeville circuit, her imitations 

of the voices, make-ups and manner- 
isms of various well known actors being the principal feature of her performances. 
In 1904 she was starred by Milton and Sargent Aborn in "The Belle of New York." 
thus becoming a star at the age of fourteen. Starring tours in "The Fortune 
Teller" and "The Duchess," which had been played by Alice Nielsen and Anna 
Held, respectively, followed. It was not, however, until the summer of 1905 that 
Miss Janis obtained her real chance in Broadway. Then the management of the 
New York Eoof Garden selected her to head their summer players. Miss Janis 
seemed to catch New York at the psychological moment, and it was then that 
George C. Tyler, managing director of Liebler & Co., signed her. She opened 
under the Liebler & Co. management in "The Vanderbilt Cup" at the Broadway 
Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1905 and enjoyed there an entire season's run. 
an achievement without precedent at her age. 

138 




JANSEN, MARIE (MARIE JOHNSON), actress, was born in Boston, 
where she made her professional debut in the Park Theatre September 13, 
1881, in the "Lawn Tennis" company, then playing at the Bijou Theatre, 
New York. After that she played the waiting maid to the Countess, in 
"Olivette," and when the company went to Boston she was promoted to play the 
part of the Countess. In 1883 she joined the forces of Colonel McCaull and ap- 
peared in "The Beggar Student." That was her first real success. Mr. Aronson, 
of the Casino, in New York, heard her, and at once offered her a position in his com- 
pany. In the spring of 1884 Charles Wyndham engaged her to create the title role 
in "Featherbrain" in London, which she played for eight months. Then she came 
back and was engaged as leading woman for Francis Wilson's comic opera company, 
a position which she retained for several years. In 1901 she organized a company 
of her own, with which she toured the country. Then she retired for two years. 
Her address is Winthrop, Mass. 

JEFFREYS, MISS ELLIS (MRS. H. S. SKELTON), actress, was born in 
Ireland, being the daughter of the late Captain Jeffreys. She was first mar- 
ried to the Hon. Frederic Curzon, but this marriage was afterward dissolved, 
and she became the bride of Herbert Sleath Skelton, an actor. Miss Jeffreys's 
first appearance on the English stage was in light opera, in which she played small 
parts. That line of work did not satisfy her, and she abandoned it for comedy. She 
made an almost immediate success, and played leading parts in nearly all the West 
End theatres of London. In 1902-'03-'04 she played the leads with Harrison and 
Maude at the Haymarket Theatre, in London, and subsequently, in 1905, with Fred- 
erick Harrison. In 1904 she made a tour of the United States in company with her 
husband, Mr. Sleath, and achieved considerable success. In 1905 she again came 
to the United States, to play in a special production of "The Fascinating Mr. Van- 
derveldt." She opened the season of 1906-'07 in the Ignited States in "The Dear 
Unfair Sex/' at the Liberty Theatre, New York, which, proving a failure, was with- 
drawn. Later she played Kate Hardcastle, in a revival of "She Stoops to Conquer," 
with W. H. Crane as Old Hardcastle. 



JEWETT, HENRY, actor, was born in Australia, but spent his boyhood 
in Dunedin, New Zealand. At the age of fifteen he had acquired a repu- 
tation as a public reciter. After working on a ranch as a cowboy for a time he 
became a clerk in the Bank of New Zealand. In 1879 Mr. Jewett made his 
first appearance on the stage as Ealph Waters, in an amateur performance of "Bitter 
Cold," in Dunedin. He made his first appearance as a professional in Wellington, 
New Zealand, April 1, 1880. After a year of stock work in Dunedin he toured New 
Zealand with Miss Louise Pomeroy. Then he went to Australia, opening as Clifford 
Armitage, in "The Lights o' London," in Ballarat, Victoria, December 26, 1882. 

Mr. Jewett next supported George Darrell in Melbourne, and in 1884 joined 
Wybert Eeeve's company in Adelaide. For the next seven or eight years he was 
leading man in many first class companies in Australia. In 1892 he came to this 
country and played his first part here as Charles Cashmore, in the one act play "My 
Uncle's Will," with the Stockwell Theatre Company. 

In 1893 Mr. Jewett was leading man for Miss Julia Marlowe, playing the whole 
of her repertoire. The following season he was with Eichard Mansfield. He 
created the part of Sergius. in George Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," and 
with Miss Eose Coghlan he played in "Diplomacy." Mr. Jewett appeared as Bene- 

139 



diet Arnold, in a drama of the same name, on December 27, 1895, in New York, and 
his performance attracted much attention. He then was seen as Cassius, in "Julius 
Caesar," and as Othello. The summer of 1896 Mr. Jewett organized a stock com- 
pany in Kansas City, with himself as star, and supported by his wife, known on 
the stage as Miss Frances Hastings, whom he married in Sydney, Australia, in 1888. 
Mr. Jewett was with Mr. Mansfield again in 1896-'97. He supported Miss 
Fanny Davenport in "Joan of Arc," and played Shakespearian parts in St. Louis 
in seasons following. He first appeared in the part of John Storm, in "The Chris- 
tian," in Boston. March 6. 1899. 



JONES, WALTER, comedian, was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1872. "\Vhen 
lie was ten years old he ran away to join Robinson & Alexander's circus, 
serving an apprenticeship as a tumbler, and eventually rising to the dignity 
of a clown. He then became associated with the box office of the Grand 
Opera House, Cincinnati, and made his first appearance as an actor in a melodrama 
called "Genevieve" on a tour which terminated disastrously in Toronto. Working 
his way to St. Thomas. Mr. Jones joined the Howard Hall circus, which he left in 

the early 80's to play Passepartout in Imre 
Kiralfy's spectacle, "Around the World in 
Eighty Days." Four seasons with W. A. 
Mestayer's company followed, during which 
Mr. Jones played in "'We, Us & Co.," "The 
Tourists" and' "The Grab Bag." Following 
this he played Owen McFee in "Aunt 
Bridget's Baby," with George Monroe. 

Soon afterward he ran a dramatic agency 
in Cincinnati and managed James Owen 
O'Connor for a short season. Then followed 
a season with "The United States Mail." af- 
ter which, for two years, he acted the part 
of Snapper in "The Pulse of New York." It 
was in this part that he originated the tramp 
act which afterward brought him into promi- 
nence. He was playing at the Grand Opera 
House, Boston, when Edward E. Rice en- 
gaged him to play the King in "1492." In 

this, just four hundred years after the title date, Mr. Jones made his first great 
success, his tramp specialty making him famous throughout the long run of the 
extravaganza in New York. Mr. Jones then played William Tell in "Excelsior 
Jr." and one of the bailiffs in "The Lady Slavey." His next engagement was in 
"Gay New York." After that he made a popular character of Buffingsby Flash in 
"One Round of Pleasure." 

Prior to 1900 Mr. Jones starred in a revival of "In Gay New York" at the 
Casino, New York, starred with Thomas Q. Seabrooke and Miss Edna Wallace 
Hopper in "Yankee Doodle Dandy," played in "The Man in The Moon" at the 
New York Theatre. New York, and in "The Gay Debutantes." After a season in 
vaudeville with Miss Norma Whalley he went to San Francisco in the summer of 
1900 to play in an all star cast giving the Hoyt farces. Afterward he starred for 
two seasons in "The Chaperones," of which he was part owner with Frank L. 
Perley. After a season in George V. Hobart's "The Sleepy King" he appeared in 




140 



1905 in "The Girl and The Bandit." The season of 1!)05-'OG Mr. Jones shirred 
in a vaudeville sketch with Mabel Hite. 

He is a member of The Lambs, the Larchmont Yacht Club. The Green Room 
Club, the Chicago Automobile Club, the Vaudeville Comedy Club, the White Rats, 
the Eagles. F. 0. E. and The Flying Squadron. 



JONES, HENRY ARTHUR, playwright, was born in Brandborough, 
Bucks, England, September 29. 1851, being the son of Silvanus Jones, a 
farmer. He was educated at the village grammar school at Winslow, Bucks, 
and -went into business life at Bradford, Yorkshire, when thirteen years old. 
He became a successful commercial traveller, but from the first time he entered a 
theatre, at the age of eighteen, and saw Miss Bateman, in "Leah," at the Haymarket. 
London, he was so fascinated with the stage that he devoted all his spare time to 
its study. When he was twenty-seven he deserted commercial life to become a 
dramatist. 

His first play was a little piece called "It's Only Round the Corner," which was 
produced at the Exeter Royal Theatre in 1878. This was followed by "Hearts of 
Oak," "Elopement," "A Clerical Error." "An Old Master," "His Wife," "Cherry 
Ripe" and "A Bed of Roses." His first notable success was "The Silver King," 
written with Henry Herman, and produced at the Princess's Theatre, London, by 
Wilson Barrett, in 1882. Since then he has written "Saints and Sinners," produced 
in 1884; "The Middleman," 1889, and "Juclali." 1890, for E. S. Willard ; "The 
Dancing Girl." 1891 ; "The Crusaders," 1891 ; "The Tempter" and "The Bauble 
Shop." 1893; "The Masqueraders" and "The Case of Rebellious Susan," 1894; "The 
Triumph of the Philistines." 1895 ; "Michael and His Lost Angel" and "The Rogue's 
Comedy," 1896; "The Physician" and "The Liars," 1897; "The Manoeuvres of 
Jane," 1898 ; "The Lackey's Carnival" and "The Princess's Nose," 1902 : "White- 
washing" and "Joseph Entangled." 1903; "The Chevalier," 1904. and "The Heroic 
Stubbs," 1906. 

Nearly all his plays have been produced in the United States. In August, 1906. 
his latest play. "The Hypocrites," was produced, for the first time on any stage, at 
the Hudson Theatre, New York. Mr. Jones personally superintended the rehearsals, 
and this was the first time a new play by a leading English playwright had its 
initial performance in the United States. Mr. Jones's home is No. 38 Portland 
Place, London. N. W. 



JOHNSON, MISS MARION POLLOCK, actress, was born in Dubuque, 
Iowa. As a member of the Amateur Dramatic Club of Chicago she played 
in many amateur performances before appearing on the professional stage, 
on which she made her debut in Boston, July 8, 1901. with J. H. Gilmore. 
She next appeared in "The Price of Peace" at McVicker's Theatre. Chicago, as 
Sister Agnes and general understudy. In 1902 she played Patty Swain in "Richard 
, Carvel," and the same season joined Amelia Bingham's company, playing a part in 
"A Modern Magdalen." After playing in "A Fool and His Money" in 1903 she 
replaced Olive May in William H. Crane's "The Spenders" company. In 1904 she 
played with the Bellows stock company, in St. Louis ; in 1905 with the Bush Temple 
stock company in Chicago, and in 1906 with Proctor's stock company in New York. 
October 23, 1905, she created the part of Kate Roberts in the original "The Lion 
and The Mouse" company at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, and played the same 
part in the season of 1906. 

141 



KELLY, HARRY, comedian, was born in New York and made his first 
appearance on the stage at the age of seven years at the London Theatre 
there with the Alex Zanfretta Troupe of pantomimists. His next engage- 
ment was with the Niles, Evans, Bryant & Hoey Company, he being one 
of an act of boys known as the Big Little Four. The first part of consequence 
young Kelly essayed was that of the Bad Boy in "Peck's Bad Boy." Later he 
joined his stepfather, John T. Kelly, and Dan Mason who were playing in "The 

Tigers." Subsequently he played the role of 
the Policeman in "Evangeline," and was with 
Richard Golden in "A Barber Scrape." With 
John T. Kelly and Gus Williams he ap- 
peared in the farce "U and I" and later with 
John T. Kelly in "McPhee of Dublin." Af- 
ter gaining the popular favor in the musical 
review "Cook's Tours" at Koster & Bial's, 
New York, he played with Lillian Russell 
in "The American Beauty." 

For the next three years he was one of 
the principal members of Klaw & Erlanger's 
"Jack and the Beanstalk" company, leaving 
it for "The Whirl of the Town" at the 
Casino, New York, in which as the bartender 
he again pleased the public, especially in his 
song "Roxianna Dooley." In the "Mam'zelle 
'Awkins" company at the Walnut Street 
Theatre, Philadelphia, and the Victoria 

Theatre. New York, lie made one of the chief successes of his career. Subsequently 
he was with James T. Powers in "The Messenger Boy," with the late Jerome Sykes 
in "The Billionaire," in "A Little of Everything" at the Aerial Gardens, New 
Amsterdam Theatre, New York, and in "Mother Goose." In 1905 he became a 
member of the Lew Fields Theatre Company in New York, playing in "It Hap- 
pened in Nordland" and in the burlesque of "The Music Master/' He next ap- 
peared in "His Majesty" and in the spring of 1906 created the role of Deacon 
Flood in "His Honor the Mayor," probably the best of his career. In August, 1906, 
Mr. Kelly signed a five years' contract with Alfred E. Aarons. 




KELCEY, HERBERT (HERBERT LAMB), actor, was born in Eng- 
land October 10, 1855. As the eldest son of a county family, he was 
intended for the army, but he joined a provincial theatrical company and 
made his first appearance on the stage at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, in 
1877, playing a small part in "Flirtation." After roughing it in the provinces for 
three years, he was engaged by Sir Augustus Harris, and created the part of Cap- 
tain Lord Loverton, in "Youth," produced at the Drury Lane Theatre August 6, 
1881. The following year he came to this country, making his American debut 
at Wallack's Theatre, New York, as Philip Radley, in "Taken from Life," Sep- 
tember 9, 1882. Mr. Kelcey also created the parts of Count Orloff, in "Diplomacy," 
and the Spider, in "The Silver King," in this country. 

The seasons of 1884-'85 Mr. Kelcey was a member of the Madison Square com- 
pany, New York, playing Cheviot Hill, in "Engaged" ; Edward Warburton, in "Old 
Love Letters," and Philip Van Pelt, in "Our Society." The following year, as a 
member of the Wallack Stock Company, he played Colonel Tressidor, in "Harvest": 

142 



Lord Jura, in "Moths"; Mark Helstone, in "Harbor Lights"; Tom Coke, in "Old 
Heads and Young Hearts"; Major Barton, in ''The Dominic's Daughter." and 
Joseph Surface, in "The School for Scandal." 

In October, 1887, Mr. Kelcey became leading man in Daniel Frohmau's Lyceum 
Stock Company, making his first appearance as John Rutherford, in "The Wife." 
He remained in that organization nine years, creating and playing many leading- 
parts. In the fall of 1896 he supported Mrs. Leslie Carter, in "The Heart of 
Maryland," after which he became a star, playing for several seasons the role of 
Edward Fletcher, in "The Moth and the Flame," at the head of his own company, 
with Effie Shannon as his leading woman. 



KELLERD, JOHN, actor, was born in Kensington. London, May 14. 1863. 
He was an orphan at the age of four, and at eight had learned to play the 
vioiin and piano. His stage career began January 10, 18T9, when he 
played Polonius, in "Hamlet," at the King's Cross Theatre, London. He 
then accepted a place as leading man in the Lyceum Theatre in Stafford. From 
there he drifted into several provincial companies, and then obtained a London 
engagement at Sadlers' Wells Theatre. Another round of the English provinces 
followed, and then he was engaged, in May, 1883. for the company of the Boston 
Museum, and came to the United States to fill that engagement. 

He afterward played with Daniel Bandmann and as leading man for William 
J. Florence and Frederick Warde. His first New York appearance was in "Held 
by the Enemy," August 16, 1886, in the role of Gordon Hayne. After the death of 
Florence he was engaged by Joseph Jefferson to play the part of Sir Lucius 
O'Trigger, in "The Rivals," the part which had been played so long by Florence. 
He appeared later with Henrietta Crosman, in "Sweet Kitty Bellairs," at the Belasco 
Theatre, New York, and with Mrs. Fiske, in "Leah Kleschna." 



KENDAL, EZRA, actor, was born on a farm in Allegany County. New 
York, in 1861. He began life as a printer in Olean, N. Y. ; then, going to 
New York, he became a reporter on "The Xew York Herald" for a 
time, and then on "The Olean Times." He made his first appearance as 
a professional actor at Elizabeth, N. J., in the farce "That Rascal Pat," on St. 
Patrick's Day, 1880. After that he supported Lillian Cleves-Clark, in "Only a 
Farmer's Daughter," getting a salary of $4 a week and expenses. Mr. Kendal made 
his first hit in "Wanted, a Partner," at Rankin's Third Avenue Theatre, New York. 
after which he wrote and produced "We, Us & Co.," and became a star. He starred 
eleven years in his farce "A Pair of Kids." More recently Mr. Kendal starred in 
"The Vinegar Buyer." 



KENDAL, WILLIAM HUNTER (GRIMSTON), actor, was born in 
London December 16, 1843. At the age of eighteen he entered the 
dramatic profession as a member of the old Soho stock company of Lon- 
don, which at that period included p]llen Terry and David James. He 
went to Glasgow, Scotland, in 1862, where he remained, as a member of the Theatre 
Royal Company until 1866, supporting such stars as Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean, 
Helen Faucit and G. V. Brooke. At the end of 1866 he made his first appearance in 
London at the Haymarket in "A Dangerous Friend." He married Miss Madge 
Robertson August 7, 1869, and the remainder of his theatrical career is prac- 

143 



tically identical with that of his wife. He is a member of The Junior, Carlton, Gar- 
rick. Beefsteak, Arts and Cosmopolitan clubs, London. 



KENDAL, MRS. (MRS. W. II. GRIMSTON), actress, was born at Clee- 
thorpes, Lincolnshire, March 15, 1849, being the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. J. W. Robertson, both of whom were actors, and the sister of T. W. 
Robertson, the author of "Caste/' "School" and "Ours." Her first public 
appearance was at the old Marylebone Theatre in "The Struggle for Gold." For 
a long time she played children's parts in pantomime and made her debut as an 
adult as Madge Robertson at the Haymarket, playing Ophelia to the Hamlet of the 
late Walter Montgomery in 1865. An eighteen months' tour in the English prov- 
inces followed, and in 1867 she returned to London and appeared in "The Great 
City" at Drury Lane. The following year she came into prominent notice by her 
performance of Blanche Dumont, in "A Hero of Romance," at the Haymarket. 
She remained there for seven years, creating the principal parts in a series of suc- 
cessful pieces by W. S. Gilbert, including "The Palace of Truth," "Pygmalion and 
Galatea," "Broken Hearts'" and "The Wicked World." Two of her greatest triumphs 
were Lady Orman, in "Peril," and Dora, in "Diplomacy," at the Prince of Wales's 
Theatre in 1876. 

The Kendals entered into a partnership with John Hare in the management of 
the St. James's Theatre, which continued from 1877 to 1888, during which time 
they produced many successful plays. In 1889 Mr. and Mrs. Kendal made their 
first tour of the United States and Canada under the direction of Daniel Frohman. 
It was phenomenally successful, and was repeated annually for five years. Since 
then they have made several provincial tours and played several seasons in London. 
The Kendals were married August 7, 1869. Their London address is Xo. 12 Port- 
land Place. 



KEITH, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, owner of vaudeville theatres, wa 
born in Hillsboro Bridge, X. H., of Scotch and French parentage. Until 
he was eighteen years old he was content with the life of a farm boy and 
a "deestrick" school education. He saw a performance of Van Am- 
burgh's circus at that time, and it so impressed him that the farm Avas no longer to 
his liking. He started out as a circus worker, and was associated in those early 
day* with BunnelPs and Barnum's museums, in Xew York, and with the circuses 
of Forepaugh and Batcheller & Doris. He finally ventured into the show business 
as a proprietor, and followed it with varying success until 1885. On July 6 of 
that year Mr. Iveith founded and began the continuous performance plan now 
known as vaudeville. Mr. Keith himself ascribes the idea to the fact that he saw 
in a dream people singing and dancing continually on a stage. He was then part 
owner of the Gaiety Musee, in Boston, and he saw financial disaster coming. The 
dream seemed to him an inspiration when he recalled it later at a time when he 
was seeking some way out of his difficulties. He went to work, evolved his plan 
and put it into operation. The first day the receipts increased just $50. 

The success of the plan exceeded his most sanguine expectations, and in 1886 
Mr. Keith leased the Bijou Theatre, adjoining the Gaiety. He branched out. and 
year by year built or leased theatres for vaudeville performances until, in 1905, he 
bad, in addition to two Boston theatres, houses in Providence, R. I.; Pawtucket, 
B. I.: Philadelphia, Cleveland. Columbus, Ohio: Portland. Me.; Manchester, 
N. H. : Lowell, Mass. : Xew York, and London. England. In June. 1906, Mr. 

144 



Keith and F. F. Proctor, his chief competitor in the vaudeville field, who also had 
theatres in various cities, including New York, joined forces and formed the Keith 
& Proctor Amusement Company. This was the beginning of what is now called 
the Vaudeville Trust, for a few weeks later the United Booking Office of America. 
headed by Messrs. Keith and Proctor, was formed, with the control of more than 
one hundred vaudeville houses in the Eastern and Western cities. Mr. Keith's 
home is in Brookline, Mass. He is the owner of the steam vacht Courier. 



KELLY, JOHN T., Irish comedian., was born in Boston. Mass.. August 2(5. 
1855. He attended the public schools until he was fourteen years old. 
in the mean lime doing clog dancing for the amusement of his com- 
panions. His first public appearance was under the management of M. 
B. Leavitt, with whom he made a six months tour through the Eastern States and 
Canada. At the close of this engagement he adopted white face and low comedy 
parts and joined Jennie Kimball's comedy and burlesque company. While with 
this organization his parents induced him to abandon the stage, and he was appren- 
ticed to a clothing cutter. He devoted one year to this trade, and then threw away 
the tape measure in, disgust and joined "The Mocking Bird Serenaders" in Bangor, 
Me. In 1870 he made his firs appearance in vaudeville, in Buffalo. The following- 
year he became a favorite at Tony Pastor's Theatre, Xew York, in Irish character 
changes. He formed a team with Thomas J. Ryan, known as Kelly and Ryan, 
which was dissolved in 1885, and Dan Mason, the German comedian, then became 
his stage partner. Afterward he joined with Gus Williams, the German comedian, 
and starred with him in "U and I." He afterward appeared in ''Roger McFee." 
He was also with the Weber & Fields forces. The season of 11)0(5 he played a sketch 
in vaudeville houses. 



KERKER, GUSTAVE, composer and musical director, who filled that 
post for many years at the Xew York Casino, was born in Westphalia. 
Germany, February 28, 1857, of a family of musicians. He came to this 
,' / J ,' 

country in 1867 and settled in Louisville, Ky. When little more than 
sixteen years old he first conducted an opera, Weljer's "Der Freischutz," and later 
he became leader of the orchestra of a Louisville theatre. In 1879 he composed 
his first opera. "Cadets," the libretto being written by Morris Warner. Then he 
went to Xew York, and joined E. E. Rice in the production of "'Orpheus and 
Eurydice," at the Bijou Opera House. He retained the position of director at the 
Bijou until 1888, when "The Pearl of Peking'' was produced, nearly all of the 
music of which he composed. Then he transferred his services to the Casino, his 
first production there being "The Brigands," of which most of the music was 
original with him. He is the author of the music of "Castles in the Air" and "The 
Belle of Xew York," and hundreds of similar pieces. 

KIDDER, MISS KATHRYX (MRS. LOUIS K. ANSPACHER), 
actress, was born in Xewark, X. J., but her home is in Evanston, TIL, 
where her grandfather was President of the University. Her father was 
Colonel H. M. Kidder, a member of the Chicago Board of Trade. Her 
first real professional work was done in Xew York, at the old Union Square Theatre, 
where, in 1888, she appeared as Wanda, in Frank Mayo's production of "Xordeck." 
After that she played Rachel McCreery. in William Gillette's "Held by the Enemy." 

145 



at the Star Theatre, Broadway and 13th street, New York. After that she toured 
in legitimate repertoire with Joseph Haworth. Her next appearance was as Dear- 
est, in "Little Lord Fauntleroy," at the Broadway Theatre, New York. Then she 
purchased the American rights of "Sans-Gene" and presented it at the Broadway 
Theatre, where it achieved a decided succcess and was continued for a long run. 
She toured with this French play for three years. After this she became a star 
under the management of Wagenhals & Kemper. 

Miss Kidder was married in October, 1905, to Louis K. Anspacher. 



KLEIN, CHARLES, playwright, was born in London, England, January 
7, 1867, and educated at the North London College. He was connected 
with the stage for many years before writing his first play, which was 
called "A Mile a Minute." His next play, "By Proxy," attracted con- 
siderable attention, and he has since scored many successes. His best known plays 
are "A Paltry Million," "The District Attorney," "Heartsease," "The Charlatan," 
"El Capitan," a comic opera; "The Honorable John Grigsby," "Dr. Belgraft," "A 
Eoyal Rogue," "The Cipher Code," "The Auctioneer" and "The Music Master," 
both written for David Warfield; "Mr. Pickwick," a comic opera written for De 
Wolf Hopper; "Red Feather," also an opera; "The Lion anjl the Mouse," which 
enjoyed a phenomenal run at the Lyceum Theatre, New York, and "The Daughters 
of Men," produced in the fall of 1896. Mr. Klein married Lilian Dankwert. 
Mr. Klein's home is No. 154 West 77th street, New York. 



KXOTT, MISS ROSELLE (MRS. THOMAS KNOTT), actress, was 
born Agnes Roselle in Hamilton, Ontario, in 1870. The Roselles were 
among the early pioneers of Canada, her grandfather having fought in the 
War of 1812, and carried the tidings of peace at Stony Creek. When in 
her early teens Agnes Roselle saw "As You Like It" with Modjeska as Rosalind. 
From, that moment she determined that she would one day speak the lines of that 
part. She had played leading roles in many amateur performances, when ona day a 
travelling company was threatened with disaster in her native town through the 
illness of one of its members. Miss Roselle stepped into the breach, and her success 
was instantaneous. Soon afterward she joined a company at Halifax. 

When she was nineteen years old Miss Roselle was married to Thomas Knott, a 
Canadian, assuming the stage name of Roselle Knott. Two children were born of 
this marriage, Thomas Knott, Jr.. and Viola Knott. Miss Knott's first role of im- 
portance was in Steele Mackaye's drama "Paul Kauvar." Augustus Pi ton then en- 
gaged her for three years, presenting her first in the role of Nourmale, in "The 
Cherry Pickers." An engagement with Richard Mansfield followed, in whose com- 
pany she played all the leading roles. She played in Robert Mantell's company for 
a season, and subsequently won success as Lygia, in the original production of "Quo 
Vadis." The next season she played the Empress Josephine, in "More Than Queen," 
and then Katinka. in Clyde Fitch's "A Modern Magdalen." This was followed by 
two seasons in "When Knighthood \Vas in Flower," after which she toured for a 
season in "Cousin Kate." The season of 1905-'06 she again starred as Mary Tudor, 
in "When Knighthood Was in Flower," playing fifty weeks. The fall of 1906 Miss 
Knott starred in the title role in "The Duchess of Devonshire," a play written for 
her by Mrs. Charles A. Doremus. 



146 




ECKAYE, WILTON, actor, was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 
1862. He was educated for the priesthood and spent two years at college 
in Ottawa and four years at Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. 
He had received his nomination for the propaganda at Rome and his 
passage was booked for Havre, when he went to the Madison Square Theatre, New 
York, one night to see a performance of "Esmeralda." At its end he told his father, 
who was with him, that he intended to be an actor instead of a priest. He returned 

to Washington, and while studying law there 
became president of the Lawrence Barrett 
Dramatic Association, with which he ap- 
peared in many amateur performances. He 
obtained an introduction to Lawrence Bar- 
rett, and in 1883 made his first appearance 
on the professional stage in Mr. Barrett's 
company at the Star Theatre, New York, 
his role being that of one of Paolo's friends 
in a production of "Francesca da Rimini." 
His most important part while with Mr. 
Barrett was that of Salarino, in "The Mer- 
chant of Venice." After playing in stock .in 
Dayton, Ohio, with the Carrie Swain com- 
pany, and in "May Blossom,'' he joined 
Fanny Davenport's company in 1886, sup- 
porting her as Claudio, in "Much Ado About 
Nothing," and plaving in "Fedora" and "As 
You Like It." 

In 1887 Mr. Lackaye came into prominence by his portrayal of Robert Le Diable 
in the production of "Allan Dare" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, and 
attracted still more commendation the same year by his playing of Leo in William 
Gillette's version of "She" at Niblo's Garden. His Gouroc, in "Paul Kauvar," fol- 
lowed, and his substantial success in this was repeated as Saviani with Rose Coghlan 
in "Jocelyn" at the Star Theatre, New York. In 1889 he played Don Stephano with 
Minnie Maddern in "Featherbrain" at the Madison Square Theatre, New York, and 
Haverhill, in "Shenandoah," and Gilchrist, in "Booties' Baby," followed. Augustin 
Daly then engaged him, and at Niblo's Garden he appeared as De Noirville in 
"Roger La Honte" in 1899 with William Terriss and Jessie Millward, and at Daly's 
Theatre as O'Donnel Don in "The Great Unknown," also in 1899. 

After leaving Mr. Daly he appeared as Sir Barton, in "My Jack"; the Russian, 
in "Colonel Tom"; Latour, in "The Dead Heart"; Jack Adams, in "Money Mad"; 
Barillas, in "The Pembertons" ; Jim Currie, in "The Canuck" ; the title role in "Dr. 
Bill" and W. A. Brady's production of "Nero" (1890-'91), and Steve Carson, in 
"The Power of the Press." He then went to London, and for a short time played 
with the St. James's Theatre company. Returning to this country, he joined Charles 
Frohman's stock company, appearing in it in 1892 as King Louis, in "Pompadour^; 
Perrin, in "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows," and Jefferson Stockton, in "Aristocracy." He 
was next engaged by A. M. Palmer for his stock company, and enacted leading roles 
in "Lady Windermere's Fan," "The Dancing Girl," "Saints and Sinners," "Ala- 
bama," "Jim the Penman," "Woman's Revenge," "The American Heiress," "The 
Price of Silence," "The Transgressor," "New Blood," "The New Woman" and "The 
District Attorney." In 1895 he made one of the greatest successes of his career in 
the creation of Svengali, in "Trilby." 

In 1896 he played the title role in Charles Klein's "Dr. Belgraff," and in 1897 



147 



that in Theodore Burt Sayre's "Charles O'Malley." In 1899 he played Keb Shenmel 
in Israel Zangwill's "Children of the Ghetto/"' both in New York and London. He 
was the Petronius of "Quo Vadis" in 1900 : played the leading man's role in Augus- 
tus Thomas's "Colorado'' in 1901-'02, and was in the cast of Amelia Bingham's 
production of "A Modern Magdalen" in 1903. He made another marked success as 
Curtis Jadvvin in W. A. Brady's production of "The Pit," a dramatization of Frank 
Xorris's novel, which ran from 1903 to 1906. The fall of 1906 he appeared as 
Jean Valjean in "The Law and the Man." a dramatization of Victor Hugo's "Les 
Miserables." 

Mr. Lackaye married Miss Alice Evans September 25, 1896. 



EMSOX, ERNEST, actor,. was born in Illinois. He began his professional 
career in 1892 with Walker Whiteside, playing comedy and character parts. 
The next two seasons he appeared in "Edgewood Folks." He next supported 
James A. Herne and Stuart Eobson, and played several seasons in stock 
companies, making successes as Captain Merry weather, in "The Lottery of Love"; 
Spettigue, in "Charley's Aunt" ; Dabney, in "All the Comforts of Home" ; Kershaw, 
in "Jane," and Knowlton, in "The Lost Paradise." The season of 1899-1900 he 
created the eccentric juvenile part of Lem Yarrington. in David K. Higgins's 
comedy "Darius Green," later called "Up York State." He was the Lonny Bowles in 
"Caleb West," and the David Higgins, in "At Piney Ridge." He then originated the 
part of Lem Dunbar, in Arthur Sidman's "York State Folks." He then became a 
star and toured the country successfully in a country comedy drama, "Young Tobe 
Hoxie," of which he is the author. The season of 1905-'06 he was the Dave Lacy of 
Paul Armstrong's "The Heir to the Hoorah." 

He is the author of several plays, including "Found in the Rockies" and "Young 
Tobe Hoxie." 



EXGTRY, MRS. LILY (MRS. HUGO GERALD 1)E BATHE), 
actress, was born on the Island of Jersey, in the English Channel, in 1852. 
She was the daughter of the Rev. W. C. E. De Breton, dean of Jersey. 
When she was only sixteen years old she was married to Edward Langtry, 
a wealthy English merchant. His wealth and her fathers social standing gave her 
entrance into English society, her beauty making her the recognized belle, and her 
close personal friendship with the Prince of Wales, now King Edward, made her 
famous. When she decided to go on the professional stage in January, 1882, the 
Prince and all his "set" attended her first appearance at the Haymarket Theatre. 
It was a great social event. Her first part was Blanche Have in "Ours," and she 
subsequently played Kate Hardcastle in "She Stoops to Conquer." From a society 
leader Mrs. Langtry quickly developed into an accomplished actress and an astute 
manager, with a keen eye on box office results. In the first six years of her pro- 
fessional career it is said that she accumulated a fortune of about half a million 
dollars touring America and the English provinces. Her principal parts were Rosa- 
lind in "As You Like It," Cleopatra. Esther Sandraz, Lady Clancarty and the lead- 
ing role in Sydney Grundy's "The Degenerates." 

Nearly twenty years ago Mrs. Langtry foreswore her allegiance to the Queen of 
England, the friendship of whose eldest son had brought her fame and fortune, and 
became an American citizen. She bought a large ranch in California and spent 
much of her time in this country. At one time she had a summer cottage in Long 
Branch. X. J.. where she entertained lavishly, but in Bohemian fashion. Under her 

148 



own management she made several tours of the world, playing in the principal 
English speaking cities of every continent. Both she and her husband obtained 
divorces, she in America and he in England. In 1897 Mr. Langtry died, a poor and 
broken down man. Two years later Mrs. Langtry married Hugo Gerald de Bathe, 
eldest son of Sir Henry de Bathe, Bart., a man nearly a quarter of a century her 
junior. 

Mrs. Langtry at one time owned a large racing establishment at Eegal Lodge, 
Newmarket, England, racing under the name of "Mr. Jersey," her most famous 
horse being Merman, which won many of the English classic races. Her latest, most 
successful play was "Mrs. Bering's Divorce/'" by Percy Feudal 1. In the season of 
1905-'06 she played repertoire, with her own company, in South Africa. 



ENE, MISS ("1LAKA (MKS. J. K. MTHKAY), actress and singer, was 
born in Ellsworth, Me., but was taken to Boston, Mass., while a baby 
and regards that city as her home. After being graduated from the Dear- 
born School, she studied music under John Hodgdon and Signor Oliveri. 
After church and amateur work. Miss Lane made her first professional appearance 
in 1884, in "Virginia,"' with the Bijou Opera Stock Company. The next two sea- 
sons she was with Hoyt's "Bag Baby" and "Tin Soldier'' companies, after which 
she joined the Conried Opera Company, opening at the Xational Theatre, Wash- 
ington, in "Nanon," and afterward playing Fiamette, in "The Mascot," and Nina, 
in "A Night in Venice." Her next engagement was with E. E. Rice, in "The 
Corsair," in 1887. She then sang the prima donna part in "The Pearl of Pekin." 
Next followed four years with the Carleton Opera Company as prima donna. 
During this engagement Miss Lane became the wife of John I\. Murray, whom she 
supported in "Glen da Lough," an Irish drama, produced in Boston in 1892-'93. 
The Murray- Lane Opera Company was then formed, and successfully toured the 
West. During the illness of Lillian Russell, in 1895, Miss Lane took her part in 
"The Tzigane." She then joined the Castle Square Opera Company, an organiza- 
tion with which she has several times been associated. In addition to singing in 
opera companies, of recent years Miss Lane has appeared with her husband in 
operatic selections in vaudeville houses. 



EUGHLIN, MISS ANNA (MRS. DWIGHT VAN MONKOE), 
actress, was born in Sacramento, Cal., October 11, 1885. Her first stage 
appearance was as Arthur May, a child part, in "Rosedale," at the Grove 
Street Theatre, San Francisco, September 12, 1892. After a season as 
Little Eva with Peter Jackson and "Parson" Davies in an "Uncle Tom's Cabin" 
company, she played Suzanne La Ronke, in "Roger La Honte," at the Stockwell 
Theatre, San Francisco, and another season with the same "Uncle Tom's Cabin" 
company. She next created the role of Marjorie, in Arthur C. Sidman's "A Sum- 
mer Shower" ; starred in "Little Lord Fauntleroy," and created the part of Blind 
Ruth, in "A Man Without a Country," at the American Theatre, New York. 

After a season as Editha, in "Editha's Burglar," she appeared for three years in 
vaudeville, giving imitations of Mrs. Leslie Carter, and played two years with the 
Wilbur Opera Company. She created the soubrette role on the Casino roof, New 
York, in "The Casino Boy," and was the leading soubrette in "The Belle of 
Bohemia" in London and America; Roxana Rocks, in "The Casino Girl." and 
soubrette with Dan Daly, in "The New Yorkers." For three years she was Dorothy, 
in "The Wizard of Oz," this role being one of her most marked successes. The 

149 



role of Bonnie, in "The Land of Nod," was followed by two months in vaudeville 
in New York and the role of Dolly Dainty, in "His Majesty," at the Majestic 
Theatre, New York. Miss Laughlin was married July 12, 1904, to Dwight Van 
Monroe, a New York jeweller. 

EWRENCE, GERALD, actor, was born in England, and made his first 
appearance as a member of F. R. Benson's company, playing Shakespearian 
repertoire. He made a tour of South Africa with Lillian Braithwaite, a 
well known actress, who was his first wife. This marriage was afterward 
dissolved. Mr. Lawrence was for a time a member of Beerbohm Tree's company, at 
His Majesty's Theatre, London, and he then became leading juvenile man with Sir 
Henry Irving, remaining in the company until the dea,th of the famous English 
actor. On May 20, 1906, Mr. Lawrence married Fay Davis, the American actress, 
in Boston. The fall season of 1906 Mr. Lawrence was seen in "The Dear Unfair 
Sex," in support of Ellis Jeffreys, in New York. 



EWRENCE, MISS LILLIAN, actress, was born in Alexandria, Va. 
Her early life was spent in San Francisco, where, as a child, she made her 
first appearance on the stage as the Queen's Knight, in the living chess 
game, which was a feature of the comic opera "The Royal Middy," at the 
Bush Street Theatre. Until she was sixteen years old she sang in light opera at 
the California Theatre with Emily Melville. Then for two years she was in a 
stock company in Oakland, Cal. She made her first appearance in New York in 
1892, supporting Hortense Rhea. After a summer stock season in Dayton, Ohio ; 
she played Henrietta, in "The Two Orphans," with Kate Claxton. 

Engagements in New York with Minnie Seligman, in "Lady Gladys," at the 
Madison Square Theatre, and with Katherine Clemmens, at the Fifth Avenue, in 
"Mrs. Dascott," were followed by tours in "In Old Kentucky" and in Carrie 
Turner's compan}^. The following year she appeared in "The Crust of Society," 
under the management of Charles Frohman. She then played Shakespearian parts 
with Thomas W. Keene. On May 3, 1897, Miss Lawrence began an engagement 
with the Castle Square Stock Company, in Boston, which lasted many seasons and 
during which she played more than one hundred leading parts. The summer of 
1906 she was at the Globe Theatre, Boston, at the head of a stock company. 



ENNON, NESTOR FORBES RICHARDSON, actor, was born in 
Richmond, Va., in 1863. He studied acting at a college of oratory in New 
York, and made his first appearance there as an amateur in. 1879, playing 
a small part in "Antony and Cleopatra." His first professional engage- 
ment was with Lawrence Barrett, when he was only seventeen years old, his first part 
being the Messenger, in "Othello," at Des Moines, Iowa. The same year, 1881, he 
played in "Othello" with Booth and Barrett at the Academy of Music, New York. 
His first principal part was Henry Marston, in "The Professor," at the Madison 
Square Theatre, New York, in 1883. His first pronounced success was as Anthony 
March, in "Called Back," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, under the man- 
agement of A. M. Palmer. 

Other parts in which Mr. Lennon has been successful are Ruby Darrell, in 
"Hearts of Oak" ; Mike Hampton, in "The Minute Men" ; Lord Clifford, in "Jack 
Cade": lago, in "Othello," under James Collier's management; Prince Ferdinand, 

150 



jn "The Tempest," at McVickers's Theatre, Chicago ; Max de Lieussiers, in Sardou's 
"Exiles"; the Artist, in "The Noble Rogue," with Steele Mackay, in Chicago, and 
afterward in the same play, renamed "Money Mad." at the Standard Theatre, New 
York. He played Rudolph in the revival of "The Black Crook," at the New York 
Academy of Music, and has since played hundreds of leading parts. The season of 
1905-'06 he starred in a repertoire of such plays as "When We Were Twenty-One," 
"My Partner" and "Hearts Aflame." He is expert at boxing, swimming and horse- 
back riding. 

EMOYNE, MRS. SARAH CO WELL, actress and elocutionist, ivas born in 
New York, and made her first professional appearance, in 1878, at the 
Union Square Theatre there, in A. M. Palmer's stock company, playing in 
"The Two Orphans," "French Flats," "The Banker's Daughter," "Mother 
and Son," "A False Friend'' and other plays. She stayed with this organization 
three seasons, and then decided that her field was that of the reader and elocutionist, 
gaining especial distinction as an interpreter of Robert Browning. In 1884 she 
visited England, and was successful as a reciter and reader. Returning to the 
American stage, Mrs. Lemoyne made a remarkable success in the part of the Dowager 
Duchess de Coutras, in Henri Lavedan's comedy "Catherine," and also as Mrs. 
Lorimer, in "The Moth and the Flame." In 1899 Mrs. Lemoyne starred in "The 
Greatest Thing in the World," by Harriet Ford and Beatrice De Mille. The follow- 
ing year she played the Queen in Browning's tragedy "In a Balcony," Otis Skinner 
being the Norbert and Eleanor Robson the Constance. 

In 1888 Sarah Cowell was married to the late William J. Lemoyne, and has 
since used her married name upon the stage. 



ENVIS, FREDERICK, actor, was born in Oswego. X. Y.. February 14 
1873, being the son of Jr.mes L. and Jeanette Virginia Lewis. His first 
appearance on the professional stage was in 1891. For three or four 
years thereafter he played with various road companies, and later became 
a member of the Lyceum Stock Company, New York, playing in "When a Man's 
Married," a curtain raiser to "The First Gentleman of Europe." After a season in 
"The Prisoner of Zenda" he played Charley Underholt, in "My Friend from India," 
and Lieutenant Telfair, in "The Heart of Maryland." A season with George Fawceti; 
as leading juvenile man of his Baltimore Stock Company led to his becoming- 
leading man for two seasons, in one of which, with Mary Shaw as star, part of the 
company gave a series of matinees of Ibsen's "Ghosts" at the Manhattan Theatre. 
New York, Mr. Lewis playing the part of Oswald Alving. The matinees were also 
given at Mrs. Osborn's Play House, New York. 

Mr. Lewis next appeared as Orlando, in "As You Like It," supporting Hen- 
rietta Crosman; starred in a dramatization of the life of Edgar Allan Poe. called 
"The Raven," and appeared at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, as Professor 
Arnold Rubek, in Ibsen's "When We Dead Awake." In the mean time he played in 
summer stock companies in Rochester and New York. The season of 1905-'OG he 
was leading man with E. H. Sothern and Julia Marlowe, playing Mercutio. in 
"Romeo and Juliet"; Bassanio, in "The Merchant of Venice"; Duke Orsino, in 
"Twelfth Night"; Don Pedro, in "Much Ado About Nothing," and Horatio, in 
"Hamlet." He was engaged for the following season in the same capacity. He is a 
member of The Lambs and The Players and is fond of all out-of-door sports. 

151 



EVEY, MISS ETHEL (MRS. GEORUE M. COIIAX), comedienne 
and dancer, was born in San Francisco, November 22, 1880. She appeared 
in amateur theatricals from the time she was eight years old, as an elocu- 
tionist and pianist. She made her professional debut at the Columbia 
Theatre, San Francisco, New Year's Eve, 1897, with Hoytfs "A Milk White Flag," 
in a coon song specialty. Her first popular success was made at a Sunday night 
concert at Wobcr & Fields's Music Hall, New York. It led to an engagement in 

Koster & Bial's Music Hall, New York, which 
lasted for twenty weeks, after which she 
signed with Weber & Fields. 

The first season Miss Levey entered the 
vaudeville field she appeared with a company 
headed by Joe Hart and Carrie De Mar. She 
next joined the Hyde & Behman Specialty 
Company, to be with George M. Cohan, whom 
she had married the previous summer. She 
has appeared in all of George M. Cohan's suc- 
cessful productions up to the present time, 
her successes in "Running for Office," "The 
Governor's Son," "Little Johnny Jones" and 
"George Washington, Jr.," having been pro- 
nounced. The summer season of 1906 \Fiss 
Levey was seen as Mrs. Dickey Dickson. the 
runaway's wife, in her husband's comedy 
"The Governor's Son," at the New Amster- 
dam Theatre Roof Garden, New York. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cohan have one daughter, Georgia Ethelia Cohan, who is six years old. 




EI'MAX, MISS TLAKA (MRS. LOFIS MANX), actress, was born in 
Chicago. She made her first appearance on the stage in Kiralfv's "The 
Bat Catcher." She next played the ingenue role in Madame Modjeska's 
production of "Odette," and created the leading woman's part in "Incog," 
under the management of the late A. M. Palmer. She afterward playec" .etfling 
juvenile parts with Mitterwurzer, the German star, in Chicago. Becoming ttie wife 
of Louis Mann, the comedian, she starred with him in "The Laughing Girl," "The 
Strange Adventures of Miss Brown" and "The Telephone Girl," and created the 
part of Julie Bon Bon, in "The Girl from Paris," making her greatest success in 
that role. She afterward starred in many musical comedies with her husband. The 
season of 1905-'0f> they starred in a comedy called "Julie Bon Bon," written by Miss 
Lipman. 

Miss Lipman's New York address is No. 310 West 101st street. 



ESTER, MISS KATE, actress, was born in Shouldam Thorpe, Norfolk, 
England. One of her ancestors. Sir William Butts, was physician to King 
Henry VIII, and appears as one of the characters in Shakespeare's "King 
Henry VIII." His portrait, painted by Holbein, now hangs in the National 
Gallery at London. Miss Lester made her first stage appearance, after a year's 
study with Dion Boucicault, in "Partners" at the old Madison Square Theatre, New 
York, with the Madison Square Stock Company, when Alexander Salvini was its 
leading man. She afterward played Ruth Rolt in Pinero's "Sweet Lavender." under 

15? 



the management of Charles Frohman. Her continued <ueeesse> in minor parts led 
to her engagement as his leading woman by 1'iehard Mansfield in 1N!1. and she 
Continued to support him for the two following years. The next year she was with 
Marie Burroughs on her starring tour. There followed three seasons with William 
H. Crane, two with Mary Mannering and one with .Julia Marlowe. In 1905 Miss 
Lester played with John Drew's company in "The Duke of Killierankie." In i!><>6 
she appeared with the "Brown of Harvard'' company, at the Princess Theatre. Xew 
York. 



EBY, MISS EDN.A, actress and mimic, was horn in Xew York in 1884, and 
was taken to London by her parents when a baby. She was educated in 
England, and first attracted attention by mimicking her schoolfellows. 
When she was ten years old she began to study for the stage, taking lessons 

in elocution from Genevieve Ward, the famous actress. Returning to this country. 

she made her first appearance, when she was sixteen years old, at the Garden Theatre, 

Xew York, as Dorothy Woodberry. in ''Hearts Are Trumps," produced in 1900 by 

Charles Frohman. and after a little 
while, having understudied the part, 
she played Dora, the principal role. 
She continued under the management 
of Charles Frohman the following three 
seasons, and made her first conspicuous 
success in the part of Estelle, in "The 
Two Schools.'' at the Madison Square 
Theatre, Xew York, taking the place of 
the leading woman. 

After playing in ''To Have and to 
Hold" and ''The Xew Clown,''' Miss 
Luby went into vaudeville, appearing 
at Tony Pastor's Theatre, Xew York. 
She was with Fritzi Scheff, in "Ba- 
bette," for a season at the Broadway 
Theatre, Xew York, and she then went 
into vaudeville again, giving her well 
known imitations and appearing at all 
the Keith & Proctor and Percy Will- 
iams houses. Miss Luby is under en- 
gagement to appear at the Palace The- 
atre, London, and on her return will 
star in a musical comedy which has not 
yet been selected, under the manage- 
ment of a well known firm. Miss 

Luby's Xew York address is Xo. 2610 Broadway. 




EFTUS, MISS TEriLIA (MARIE C1SS1E), actress, was born in Glas- 
gow, Scotland, in 1876, being the daughter of Marie Loftus, a well known 
English vaudeville singer and dancer. Miss Loftus was educated in. convent 
schools in England, and in one of them played Ariel, in a performance of 
"The Tempest." She showed such extraordinary talent for' mimicry when she was 
only fifteen years old that she was taken from school and, as Cissie Loftus. put at 

153 



the head of the bill at the Oxford Music Hall, London, where her imitations of well 
known actresses caused her almost immediately to become -a star. After a brief 
season in musical comedy, at the Gaiety Theatre, Miss Loftus again returned to 
vaudeville. In 1896 she broke her professional engagement and eloped with Justin 
Huntly McCarthy, the novelist and son of a leader of the Irish party in the English 
House of Commons. The marriage did not prove a success, and they were divorced 
in the United States some years later. 

In 1898 Miss Loftus appeared in ''The Children of the King." with Martin 
Harvey, at the Court Theatre, London. The following year she again abandoned the 
legitimate stage and went to the United States, giving her imitations at the vaudo* 
ville houses. She afterward appeared in New York in comedy under the manage- 
ment of Charles Frohman, with such success that she was engaged by the late Sir 
Henry Irving as successor to Ellen Terr}-, and with him she played Marguerite, in 
"Faust," at the Lyceum Theatre, London, in 1903. The following season she was 
starred by Mr. Frohman in this country. In 1905 she played Peter Pan, at the 
Duke of York's Theatre. London. 



EONS, MISS GRETCHEN (MRS. LUCIUS HENDERSON), actress, 
was born in India, where her father, the late Edmund D. Lyons, a well 
known actor, and his wife, a dancer known on the stage as Jeanette Thomp- 
son, were fulfilling an engagement. As a baby she was taken to England, 
and made her first appearance on the stage there when only six months old. When 
three years old she acted the child in "Deacon Brody," in which the late E. J. Henley 
starred in this country. She appeared in the drama called "Human Nature," but 
known in this country as "In the Soudan," on its first production at Drury Lane 
Theatre, London, and she also played the title role in "Jack in the Box." About 
1890 she came to this country with her father, and has since played in the companies 
of Richard Mansfield, J. K. Hackett, Kyrle Bellew, Otis Skinner, etc. She made 
one of her greatest successes in the farce "The Mysterious Mr. Bugle" on its pro- 
duction in Chicago. 



MAC-DONALD, MISS CHRISTIE (MRS. W. W. JEFFERSON), 
light opera prima donna and soubrette, was born in Boston, and when in 
her teens played several small parts in summer companies in that city. 
Her first professional engagement was with Pauline Hall, in 1892. 
Francis Wilson then offered her a place in his company, and she played small parts 
in "The Lion Tamer" and "The Merry Monarch," also being understudy to Lulu 
Glaser. In the season of 1893 Miss MacDonald played Marie throughout the run 
of "Erminie." and occasionally Javotte. The season of 1894-'9o she played Bob, 
the valet, in "'The Devil's Deputy," and Mrs. Griggs. in "The Chieftain." She 
played Shafra, in "The Sphinx," in Boston in 1896, and the same year Lucinde, in, 
"Half a King," with Francis Wilson's company, after which she played Woo-me, in 
"The Walking Delegate," in Boston. The seasons of 1898 and 1899 Miss Mac- 
Donald was seen in Sousa's opera, "The Bride-Elect." She became a star in Feb- 
ruary, 1900, at the Columbia Theatre, Boston, playing the title role in "The Princess 
Chic," and making a noteworthy success. Miss MacDonald played this part two 
seasons, and has since been a recognized prima donna of light opera. The season 
of 1905-'06 she sang in "Mexicana." She is the wife of William Winter Jefferson, 
fourth son of the late Joseph Jefferson. 

151 



MACDOWEL'L, MELBOURNE, actor, was born in Little Washington. 
X. J., and ran away to sea when a boy. Tiring of a sailor's life, lie 
obtained a job as ticket seller at the theatre in Montreal of which his 
elder brother, the late E. A. MacDowell, was manager. He made his 
first appearance there as Charles the Wrestler, in "As You Like It," with Adelaide 
Neilson, as Rosalind, and Eben Plympton, as Orlando. Being an athlete and not 
much of an actor, he spoiled the scene by throwing Plympton instead of taking a 
fall himself. 

In 1877 Mr. MacDowell made his first real effort as an actor in the part of the 
Sheriff's officer, in "The Road to Ruin/' at the Boston Museum. At that time he 
used the stage name of William Melbourne. Returning to Montreal. Mr. Mac- 
Dowell played leading heavy parts for two seasons, opening as the Duke de Gon- 
zague, in "The Duke's Motto." Then followed three years with a stock company in 
Minneapolis and a season in "The Black Diamond Engineer," under the manage- 
ment of Charles Forbes. Mr. MacDowell then played Aaron Rodney, in a "Hazel 
Kirke" company and Valentine Hay, in "Kerry Gow," with Joseph Murphy. 

The season of 1884-'8o Mr. MacDowell played Jean de Lerieux, and then was 
engaged to create the part of Scarpia, in "La Tosca," in its first production in this 
country, by Fanny Davenport, at the Broadway Theatre, New York, March 3, 1888. 
The following year he married Miss Davenport, and for ten years, until her death, 
in 1898, he played leading parts with her, being most successful as Loris. in 
"Fedora." and Marc Antony, in "Cleopatra." He then became a joint star with 
Blanche Walsh. 

Mr. MacDowell has starred with his own company of late years, and the spring 
season of 1906 he was at the head of a stock company in Albany. X. Y. 



MACK, ANDREW, comedian and singer, was born in Boston, July 25, 
1863, and educated at the Eliot street public school. When he was 
thirteen years old he went on the vaudeville stage, assuming the name of 
Williams, and, in partnership with Martin Hennessy, formed the team of 
"Williams and Hennessy, the Connecticut Cuckoos." Mr. Mack made his first ap- 
pearance on the regular stage in musical farce under the management of Monroe & 
Rice. He made his first real success in a singing part in "Ivy Leaf" with William H. 
Powers. His first appearance as a star was in "Myles Aroon," under the manage- 
ment of W. T. Russ & Co., in 1895. Since that he has starred at the head of his 
own companies in Irish musical dramas. The season of 1896 he was seen in "Arrah 
na Pogue." 



M'LELLAN, C. M. S., playwright, who first wrote under the name of 
Hugh Morton, was born in 1865 in Maine. He is a brother of George 
McLellan, theatrical manager. He first Avas a journalist, at one time 
being editor r.f "Town Topics." He wrote the librettos of "The Belle 
of New York," "The Whirl of the Town," "In Gay New York," "An American 
Beauty," "The Telephone Girl," "Yankee Doodle Dandy," "The Wire Walker" and 
other musical pieces. He came into notice as a writer of serious drama with "Leah 
Kleschna," produced in New York by Mrs. Fiske the season of 1905-'06. He is also 
the author of "On the Love Path," played at the Haymarket Theatre, London, in 
the same year, and "The Jury of Fate," produced at the Shaftesbury Theatre, Lon- 
don, in 1906. 

155 




RICHARD MANSFIELD. 

(Photograph by Histed.) 



MANSFIELD, RICHAKI), actor, was born in Heligoland, tin island in 
the Xortli Sea, May 24, 1857. His mother was Madame Kniiinia Ruders- 
dorf, a well known prima donna. He was educated, at Lerbv School, 
England. There, one "speech day." tlie hoys gave a recital of "The 
Merchant of Venice/' young Mansfield being cast for the part of Shyloek. That 
was Mansfield's first appearance in any part. He afterward studied painting at 
South Kensington, but need of money led Mansfield to sail for America when lie 
was in his early teens. He made his home in Boston, where his mother had estab- 
lished herself as a teacher of singing, and became private secretary to Kben I). 
Jordan. 

Not liking commercial life, Mansfield returned to England when he was twenty. 
There followed a period of poverty. He painted well, but no better than thousands 
of others. He had, however, many accomplishments, being a good musician and 
singer and a brilliant linguist, and these saved him from starvation. He made 
numerous friends, and they fostered his talent, so that he drifted into the ranks of 
drawing room and after-dinner entertainers. 

His work in this field attracted the attention of AY. S. Gilbert. ''The Sorcerer." 
the first of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, had just been produced, in .January, 
1878, George Grossmith creating the part of John AVellington AYells. AA T hen Gilbert 
and IVOyley Carte, the manager, needed some one to fill the same part in the country 
company they decided on Mansfield, and he was engaged at a salary of $15 a week. 
Mansfield played the leading comedy parts in "Pinafore" and "The Pirates of Pen- 
zance" with English provincial touring companies for the next two or three years ; 
then he again shook the soil of old England from his feet. 

He made his first appearance in America as an actor at the Standard Theatre 
(now known as the Manhattan) as Dromez, in "Les Manteaux Xoirs," a comic opera 
from the French. He also played Nick Yedder, in the opera "Kip A'an AYinkle," 
by Planquette, and again drifted into Gilbert and Sullivan opera, playing the part 
of the Chancellor, in "lolanthe." It was during this engagement that Mr. Mans- 
field sprained his ankle in Baltimore while dancing and was compelled to leave the 
cast. From that time dates his career on the legitimate stage. 

The late A. M. Palmer was about to produce "A Parisian Eomance" at the 
Union Square Theatre to open the season of 1883, and Mr. Mansfield was engaged 
for the small part of Tirandel. James H. Stoddart was cast for the part of Baron 
Chevrial. After rehearsing for some time, Mr. Stoddart decided that the part did 
not suit him. In a dilemma Mr. Palmer intrusted the important role to the younsr 
English actor. The astounding success made by Mr. Mansfield is history. For the 
next few years Mr. Mansfield did not enjoy continuous success, but he gradually 
forged his way to the front. In San Francisco he achieved success in "French 
Flats." In New York he played in "Alpine Roses," at the Madison Square; "La 
Vie Parisienne," at the Bijou, and "Gasperone," at the Standard Theatre. For a 
season he supported Minnie Maddern Fiske, in Sardou's "Andrea." Then he 
drifted back to comic opera for a while, playing Koko. in "The Mikado," in Boston. 

In May, 1886, Mr. Mansfield produced "Prince Karl," by A. C. Gunter, at the 
Boston Museum. He brought the production to the Madison Square Theatre, New 
York, for a fortnight's engagement. The public received the play with such favor 
that he leased a theatre, engaged his own company and played "Prince Karl" and 
"A Parisian Romance" for a long season. 

The next notable production of Mr-. Mansfield was a dramatization of Robert 
Louis Stevenson's "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," at the Boston Museum, and after- 
ward presented by Mr. Mansfield with enormous success in London. This was only 
a few years after lie had left that city a comparatively unknown comic opera come- 

157 



dian. Some years later Mr. Mansfield was invited by the late Sir Henry Irving to 
play a season at the Lyceum Theatre in London, and there he produced "King 
Richard III/" his first Shakespearian production. 

Mr. Mansfield produced "Beau Brummel" at the Madison Square Theatre, New- 
York, in 1890. Since then he has maintained a place at the head of the American 
stage by a series of successes, prominent among which have been Shylock, Cyrano 
de Bergerac, Don Juan, Nero, r< Arms and the Man," Don Carlos, "The Scarlet 
Letter," "The Misanthrope," "Ivan the Terrible," "Ten Thousand a Year," 
"Monsieur," "Henry V," "Julius Caesar," "Beaucaire," "Old Heidelberg," "Devil's 
Disciple," etc. 

Mr. Mansfield's town home is at No. 316 Eiverside Drive, New York. There, 
surrounded by costly works of art, he lives with his wife, who was Miss Hegeman, 
her stage name being Beatrice Cameron. She acted with him in many of his 
earlier successes. They have one son, Gibbs Mansfield. 

MANN, LOUIS, comedian, was born in New York in 1865. When eighteen 
years old he began his stage career by barnstorming through New Eng- 
land. In various small towns he played such parts as Hamlet and Ar- 
mand, in "Camille." Later, in stock companies, he supported such stars 
as Salvini, Lewis Morrison and J. K. Emmett, playing legitimate parts. His first 
pronounced success was as Mr. Utterson, in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," with Daniel 
Bandmann, in 1888. He played the leading part in "Incog," Clara Lipman, 
who became his wife, being in the company. Other subsequent successes were in 
"The Strange Adventures of Miss Brown," "The Girl from Paris" and "The Tele- 
phone Girl," in which his Hans Nix attracted much attention. Mr. Mann's specialty 
is German dialect, but he played a Frenchman in "The Girl in the Barracks," pro- 
duced in Baltimore on October 9, 1899. The following season Mr. Mann played 
Franz Hochstuhl, in "All On Account of Eliza," first produced in Bridgeport, Conn., 
August 23, 1900. For the last six years Mr. Mann has starred jointly with his wife, 
except for a season with the Joe Weber company. The season of 1905-'06 Mr. Mann 
u-ud Miss Lipman played "Julie Bon Bon," a musical comedy written by the latter. 
Mr. Mann's New York address is No. 310 West 101st street. 



MAPES, VICTOR, playwright and manager, was born in New York in 
1870, being the son of Charles Y. Mapes, a well known scientist, and the 
grandson of General James Jonas Mapes, who was in command of the 
United States forces in New York State during the War of 1812. Victor 
Mapes was graduated from Columbia University in 1891 and became successively 
a reporter on "The New York Sun," a student at Sorbonne University, at Paris; 
stage manager of the Lyceum Theatre, New York; dramatic critic of "The New 
York World," stage director and play producer at Daly's and the Garrick theatres, 
New York, and the author of many plays, one of which, "La Comtesse de Lisne," 
written in French, was produced at the Theatre Mondain, Paris. In 1899 Mr. 
Mapes's one act play "A Flower of Yeddo" was produced and the following year 
his "The Tory's Guest" was seen. In 1901 James K. Hackett produced Mr. Mapes's 
play "Don Caesar's Return/" and in 1904 Charles Richman played his "Captain 
Barrington." 

Mr. Mapes is the director of the New Theatre, in Chicago. He is a member of 
the University Club, The Players, The Lambs and the Columbia club in New 
York. 

158 



M'GILVRAY, MISS LAURA (MRS. FRANK G1LLMORE), 
actress, was born in Chicago, her birth name being Mac Gillivray. Her 
first desire was to become a reader, and she achieved success in that line, 
particularly in Toronto, Ottawa and the neighboring cities. Her stage 
debut was made as Wilbur's Ann, in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." Then followed 
a long tour as Lady Windermere, in "Lad} Windermere's Fan." In E. M. Holland's 
production of "A Social Highwayman" at the Garrick Theatre, Xew York. Miss 
McGilvray played the part of the French maid. 

After her marriage in 1896 to Frank Gillmore she and her husband went to 
London. While there she was a member of John Hare's company for three years, 
being in the original cast of "The Gay Lord Quex." Her recent appearances in this 
country have been with Mrs. Fiske. One season she played Amelia, in "Becky 
Sharpe," and little Abraham, in "Teas." In the run of Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler," at 
the Manhattan Theatre, Xew York, in 1904, Miss McGilvray played Mrs. Elvsted. 



MARS, LEO, pantomimist and singer, is the son of a Parisian stock broker. 
He engaged in that business himself for a time, but decided to go on 
the stage, and began his career in pantomime at the Drury Lane 
Theatre, London, in 189G. During engagements at the Matinee, Empire 
and Palace theatres, in London, he was heard by King Edward VII.. who was so 
pleased with the singer's French chansons that he engaged him to entertain the 
royal family on several occasions. After several seasons of drawing room enter- 
taining, he was engaged in 1901 by George Edwardes for his production of "Three 
Little Maids" at the Prince of Wales Theatre. His work in "Lady Madcap" at- 
tracting the attention of Charles B. Dillingham on one of his London trips, he en- 
gaged Mr. Mars, under a three years' contract, to appear in the United States. His 
first appearance in the U/nited States was with Fritzi Scheff, in Mr. Dillingham's 
"Mile. Modiste" company. 



MAY, MISS EDNA (MRS. FREDERICK TITUS), actress and light 
opera prima donna, was born in Syracuse, X. Y., in 1875. Her maiden 
name was Edna May Petty, being the daughter of E. C. Petty, a letter 
carrier. When she was only seven years old she appeared in a children's 
"Pinafore" company in her native city. When she was sixteen she went to Xew 
York to study for the stage, and there was married to Frederick Titus, a professional 
bicycle rider. This marriage was dissolved in 1904. Miss May made her first ap- 
pearance in New York as Clairette, a small part in the operetta "Santa Maria," at 
Hammerstein's vaudeville theatre. She then went with a company playing Hoyt's 
farce "A Contented Woman." 

Joining the chorus at the Casino Theatre, Xew York, Miss May was almost 
immediately selected by George W. Lederer to assume the part of Violet Gray in his 
production of "The Belle of Xew York," in which she made a remarkable success 
and practically became a star in a night. After a long run in Xew York the com- 
pany went to the Shaftesbury Theatre, London, where the piece ran 500 nights, and 
where Miss May made an even greater success than in this country. Since then 
Miss May has played successive seasons in London and Xew York, appearing in 
"The Casino Girl," "An American Beauty," "Three Little Maids," "The School 
Girl," "The Catch of the Season" and similar musical comedies, being featured as 
a star. 

159 




ROBERT MANTELL. 

< Photograph by Baker. Columbus. Ohio.) 



MAXTELL, KOBEUT BKUCE, actor, was horn in Irvine-, Ayrshire, 
Scotland. February 7, 1854, When he was about five year-; old his family 
moved to Belfast, Ireland, where he was educated and where lie developed 
a taste for amateur theatricals, playing 1'olonius. in "Hamlet." when he 
was sixteen years old. He was apprenticed to a wine merchant, his parents objecting 
to his ambition for a stage career, but when he was twenty years old he ran away 
from home and. going to the United States, endeavored to obtain an engagement 
in the Boston Museum Company. Failing, he returned to England after staying 
only two weeks in this country, and made his first professional appearance as the 
Sergeant, in "Arrah-na-Pogue/' at Kochdale, Lancashire, in October, is^ij. His 
stage name was then R. Hudson. He next played Father Dolan, in "The Shaugh- 
raun." George Clarke, afterward so long identified with Augustin Daly, was the 
star in these plays. As a member of a stock company Mr. Mantell supported 
Charles Calvert, Barry Sullivan, Charles Dillon and Samuel Phelps. who took him 
to Sadler's Wells Theatre, London, where Mr. Mantell obtained a solid grounding 
in Shakespeare and the classics. He was with Phelps in his famous revival of 
Macklin's "The Man of the World." 

Mr. Mantell next went on tour with Marie De Grey, playing Romeo, Benedick, 
Orlando, Orsino and Malvolio, in "Twelfth Xight," and Bassanio. He played Shy- 
lock at a special performance to the Portia of Miss De Grey. In November. 1878. 
Mr. Mantell made his first appearance in America, in Albany, X. Y., playing second 
parts with Madame Modjeska. After a season he returned to Europe in support 
of the American comedian, George S. Knight, in bis production there of "Otto," 
in which he played Dick Freely. Then he went on tour with Miss Wallis in ,1 
round of Shakespearian roles, including Antony, in "Antony and Cleopatra." In 
1883 Mr. Mantell made his first appearance in Xew York at the Grand Opera House 
as Sir Clement Huntingford. in "The World." The same season he made his first 
pronounced success in the United States as Jack Hearn, originally played by 
Wilson Barrett in London, in "The Romany Rye." 

In the fall of 1883 Mr. Mantell joined Fanny Davenport for the first pro- 
duction in America of "Fedora," by Sardou. Mr. MantelFs acting as Loris Ipanoff 
was one of those theatrical happenings that reverberate for years. To talk of 
Manti-11 in "Fedora" to those with a theatrical memory twenty years long is to 
conjure a torrent of enthusiastic recollection. Sardou had written the play for 
Sarah Bernhardt. and Miss Davenport was regarded as the actress best fitted for 
the leading role. Mantell's splendid virility, his sincerity and restraint, his sense 
of situation and his superb physical equipment combined to make his performance 
the most effective of the whole cast. 

Leaving Miss Davenport, Mr. Mantell created the part of Gilbert Yaughan. in 
"Called There and Back," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre. Xew York, in 1884. and 
appeared in "Dakolar" at the Lyceum Theatre. In 1886 he became a star for the 
first time, acting in a play by John W. Keller, called "Tangled Lives." A year 
later he produced "Monbars," gaining plaudits hardly second to those of "Fedora." 
In 1888 he revived "The Corsican Brothers." and produced in succession "The 
Face in the Moonlight," in which he acted a so-called "dual role" : "The Louisi- 
anian," by E. M. Alfriend ; "A Lesson in Acting," a one act play, by John Ernest 
McCann ; "Parrhasius," a tragedy of Grecian locale, and "A Cavalier of France," 
both by Espy Williams, of Xew Orleans; "A Gentleman from Gascony," "The 
Light of Other Days" and "The Dagger and the Cross." He also revived "The 
Marble Heart" and "The Lady of Lyons." 

He took up Shakespeare incidentally, acting both Othello and Hamlet in 1893. 
It was about this time that his attitude toward a decision of one of the Xew York 

161 



State courts arising from a suit for divorce brought by his wife,, Margaret A. 
Mantell, resulted in his being declared in contempt, so the metropolis was 
closed to him until he should be purged a process that he did not embrace until 
1904:. On "the road" he turned to Shakespeare with so much success that early 
in 1904 he went to New York and appeared in the Princess Theatre as Eichard III. 
His scenery and costumes were shabby and inadequate and his support called up the 
vision of Bardolph, Nym and Pistol, but he won unstinted praise. In the course of 
this engagement Mr. Mantell and William A. Brady joined forces. Mr. Brady took 
his new star to New York in October, 1905, for what was to have been a month's 
visit. Nine weeks passed before Mr. Mantell left the Garden Theatre, where he 
played revivals of "King Lear" and "Macbeth." He acted a repertoire of six plays 
in Chicago, Philadelphia. Baltimore. Washington, Montreal and Toronto with 
remarkable success. "Julius Caesar" and "The Merchant of Venice" have been 
added to his repertoire, as has the role of lago. 

Mr. Mantell's leading woman. Marie Booth Russell, is Mrs. Mantell. 



MANNERING, MISS MARY (MRS. JAMES K. HACKETT), 
actress, was born in London, England, in 187G. She made her first 
appearance on the stage in England under the name of Florence Friend, 
speaking only three lines in the play "Hero and Leander," in which Mrs. 
James Brown Potter and Kyrle Bellew were joint stars. She then became a pupil 
of Herman Vezin, the well known American actor, playing a number of Shake- 
spearian parts throughout the British provinces Avhen she was only eighteen years 
old. She was playing in a comedy called "The Late Mr. Costello" when Daniel 
Frohman saw her and engaged her for his New York Lyceum Theatre, where she 
made her first appearance in "The Courtship of Leonie," the season of 1896-'97. 
The following May she became the wife of James K. Hackett, then the leading man 
of the compan}'. The marriage was kept a secret until January. 1898. 

Miss Mannering made personal successes at the Lyceum in "The First Gentle- 
man of Europe" and "The Mayflower," but her biggest hits there were as Fay 
Zuliani, in "The Princess and the Butterfly," and as Rose Trelawney, in "Trelawney 
of the Wells." For some seasons she was a joint star with her husband: then she 
starred at the head of her own company, under his management. The season of 
1906-'0? she was seen in "Lady Betty," by Mrs. Rider Johnson Young. 
Miss Mannering's home is No. 38 East 33d street, New York. 

MARTIXOT, MISS SADIE, actress, was born in New York in 1862, 
being christened Sarah. Her father was William Alexander Martinot. 
At the age of fourteen, while she was a pupil in a convent school, she 
decided that she wished to follow a stage career, and obtained an engage- 
ment at the old Eagle Theatre, New York, Josh Hart, the manager, giving her $5 
a week as an "'extra lady." Thus she made her debut in September, 1876. A week 
afterward the star, Maude Branscombe, falling ill. Miss Martinot took her part. At 
this theatre she played nine weeks of comic opera with Aimee, the French primu 
donna. Her next role was that of Cupid, with Ada Richmond, in the burlesque 
"Chow Chow." in which she gave imitations of Aimee. After playing several parts 
in Boston theatres, Miss Martinot became a member of the Boston Museum Stock 
Company, starting as "walking lady." With this company she played roles in 
modern comedy, old comedy, farce, melodrama, Shakespeare, burlesque and comic 
opera, and supported such stars as Dion Boucicault. I awrence Barrett, Fanny 

162 



Davenport, Charles Coghlan, Frank Mayo and Sol Smith Russell. Before she left 
the company, after four seasons, she was its leading woman. 

Her next engagement was at the Comedy Theatre, London, where she created 
the role of Katrina in the original production of Planquette's "Rip Van Winkle." 
She returned to Xew York to open the old Star Theatre, then the Germania, with 
the late Fred Leslie, in "Vice Versa." They followed this by playing Dion Bouci- 
cault's repertoire on tour. John Stetson then engaged Miss Martinet for his "Con- 
fusion" company, for which "Distinguished Foreigners'' was a curtain raiser. Miss 
Martinot imitated Ellen Terry in this. Her next role was the leading one in 
"Zelna," at the Union Square Theatre, Xew York. She followed this with comic 
opera, Rudolph Aronson engaging her as prima donna for the Casino, Xew York. 
She sang "Xanon" for over 100 nights. Then, her health giving way, she retired for 
three years, spending the time abroad. On her return to the stage she starred at 
Amberg's German Theatre. Xew York, in "The Mascot." in German. Succeeding 
roles were Dora, in Rose Coghlan's "Diplomacy" company: Rosa Leigh, in "Rose- 
dale," and Suzette, in "The Voyage of Suzette." 

Of late years she has not been seen on the stage save at infrequent intervals. 



MARLOWE, MISS JULIA, actress, was born Sarah Frances Frost, at 
Caldbeck, England, in November, 1865. In 1875 the family came to 
this country, taking up their abode in Cincinnati. Sarah Frost was still 
a girl in short dresses when she first gave evidence of the histrionic- 
attainments which later, allied with indomitable pluck and perseverance, were to 
win her fame and fortune. She was still attending the public schools of Cincinnati 
when she essayed her first stage appearance, in an amateur juvenile performance. 
and she was only twelve years old when she appeared with a "Pinafore" company, 
which made a tour of the West and South. For several years she continued playing 
such characters as Josephine, in "Pinafore"; Suzanne, in "The Chimes of Xor- 
mandy," and a page, in "The Little Duke." She also played juvenile parts in 
"Rip Van Winkle." 

When she was sixteen years old her talent attracted the attention of Ada Dow, 
who had achieved prominence on the English stage. The woman saw in the girl 
raw material which gave promise of a brilliant future, and she undertook to develop 
it. At this time her stage name was Fannie Brough. 

The belief of Ada Dow that a larger and more important field awaited her pupil 
found an echo in the latter's heart and served to fire the ambitions it had long 
contained. "I'm going to climb," little Fannie Brough once said to her father, 
and, when she was seventeen, the climbing began. She and Ada Dow lived at the 
latter's home in Bayonne, X. J., and there the elder woman gave the younger all 
the benefit of her training and experience. The younger entered into the work 
with all the ardor of one whose ambitions knew no bounds. 

For three years she read Shakespeare from 8 a. in. until noon, and impersonated 
characters in the great poet's plays in the afternoon, finding time as well to practise 
with foils and swing Indian clubs and dumbbells. During this time she became 
acquainted with Colonel Bob Ingersoll. 

She made her real theatrical debut in the East, and her first in any important 
role, when she appeared as Parthenia, in a performance of "Ingomar," at Xew 
London, Conn., in 1887, under the management of Colonel R. E. J. Miles. In 
October of the same year she made her first Xew York appearance in a trial 
matinee at the Bijou Theatre, where she again impersonated Parthenia. She was 
then engaged to play Shakespearian roles at the Star Theatre. There for the first 

163 



time she appeared as Juliet. The following year Ariel Barney became her 
manager, and she made a tour of the country with Shakespearian plays. 

On May 28, 1894, she was married, in Philadelphia, to Robert Taber, who had 
been her leading man at her first appearance in "Romeo and Juliet," in 1888. 
They appeared as joint stars for a season in Shakespearian plays. Disagreement 
finally ended in a separation. In 1900 she obtained a divorce, and on March 7, 
1904, Taber died in the Adirondacks from pleurisy. 

Later plays which have served to add to the lustre of Julia Marlowe have been 
"Colinette." ''Bonnie Prince Charlie," "When Knighthood Was in Flower/' "Bar- 
bara Frietchie" and "The Cavalier." Parthenia, in "Ingomar" ; Rosalind, in "As 
You Like It"; Juliet, and Viola, in "Twelth Night/' are the roles in which she 
has attained the greatest success. 

In the season of 1905-'OG she and E. H. Sothern were joint stars in Shake- 
spearian roles. 



MASON, JOHN, actor, was born in Orange, X. J., in 1857. He entered 
Columbia College in 1876. but was never graduated, preferring to adopt a 
stage career. Louise Leighton, with whom he had appeared in amateur 
theatricals, was about to make her professional appearance at Bauvard's 
(now Daly's) Broadway Theatre, and Mason was engaged to play five small parts 
for $8 a week. When treasury day came Mason got only a "V" and his mother 
found no difficulty in persuading him to go to Italy to have his voice cultivated. 
After a year abroad he returned, in 1878, and joined the Maggie Mitchell com- 
pany at the Standard Theatre, Xew York, for small singing parts. He then went 
to the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, to do similar work in a stock company. 
In 1879 Mr. Mason went to the Boston Museum, making his first appearance 
there as Careless, in "The School for Scandal," and remained with the company 
four years. After a season with Robert Mantell and with Nat Goodwin, Mr. Mason 
went back to the Boston Museum as a stock star, with Annie Clarke, in a revival of 
the old comedies. In 1890, after playing the hero in "The English Rose," Mr. Mason 
went to England, where, with George Alexander, he played Simeon Strong, in "The 
Idler," with great success. 

Returning to America Mr. Mason starred in "If I Were You," and then pro- 
duced "Friend Fritz," adapted for the stage by Stanislaus Stange, with music by 
Julian Edwards, at Herrmann's Theatre, New York, which piece he played for 
several seasons. Mr. Mason also created the part of the hero in Brady's production 
of "The Cotton King," and played for many seasons in vaudeville sketches. 



MATTHISON, MISS EDITH WYNNE (MRS. CHARLES RANN 
KENNEDY), actress, was born in Birmingham, England, being the 
daughter of Kate Matthison, a concert singer. She was educated at 
King Edward's Grammar School, Birmingham, and acted as an 
amateur in Shakespearian and other roles in Birmingham when she was ten years 
old. She adopted the stage as a profession and made her first appearance in 1896 
with Minnie Palmer in the chorus of "The School Girl." A year later she was 
engaged to play Mercy Merrick, in "The New Magdalen." 

She joined Ben Greet in 1897, playing Miladi, in "The Three Musketeers." 
Since then she has appeared in twenty-three Shakespearian parts, including Juliet, 
Rosalind, Ophelia. Portia, Beatrice, Viola. Queen Katherine and Oberon. She has 
also played in old English comedy such parts as Lady Teazle. Kate Hardcastle and 

164 



Peg Woffington. She made a marked success by her performance in "Everyman," 
at the Court Theatre, London., which was followed by a long season in New York 
and an American tour in the same play. In 1906 she created the chief role in an 
adaptation from Euripides in London called "The Klectra." 



MILLEK, HENRY, actor, was born in London, England, in 1859. but 
was reared and educated in Toronto, Canada, where when he was a youth 
he first was led to take up a stage career by reading an article on the early 
struggles of Henry Irving. At the age of fifteen he began to study elo- 
cution, and for the next four years he devoted himself to acquiring all the stage 
training he could get. He made his first stage appearance just before he was nine- 
teen in a stock company performance of "Macbeth" at a Toronto theatre. Before 

the end of the season he v:a< playing the lead- 
ing juvenile roles in classic drama with this 
company. 

In 1878 he joined Modjeska's company, 
playing, as did Robert Mantell at that time 
in the same company, general utility roles. 
His next engagement was with Adelaide 
Neilson, and in two seasons with her com- 
pany he played, among other roles, those of 
Peter, in "Measure for Measure"; Paris, in 
"Romeo and Juliet"; Arviragus, in "Cym- 
beline," and Oliver, in "As You Like It." 
After a brief engagement with Ada Caven- 
dish he was engaged by Augustin Daly and 
made his first appearance with that manager 
in "Odette" when that play was first pro- 
duced at Daly's Theatre, on February 6, 
1882. Ada Rehan, James Lewis and John 
Drew were in the same cast He left Mr. 

Daly to join A. M. Palmer's forces at the Madison Square Theatre, where 
he appeared as Herbert, in "Young Mrs. Winthrop." After being leading 
man for Minnie Maddern for a time and playing Eric Thorndike with Agnes 
Booth Schoeffel in a special production of Arthur W. Pinero's "The Squire;' Mr. 
Miller was engaged by Daniel Frohman as leading juvenile of the original Lyceum 
Theatre Company. There he appeared as Robert Gray, in "The Wife" ; Clement 
Hale, in "Sweet Lavender," and Randolph, in "The Marquise." His appearance as 
Kerchival West, in Bronson Howard's "Shenandoah," was followed by his engage- 
ment by Charles Frohman as leading man of the Empire Theatre stock company, 
and there he made his mark as Mr. Brabazon, in "Sowing the Wind" ; Mr. Owen, in 
"Liberty Hall"; J. Ffolliet Treherne, in "Gudgeons"; Rudolph, in "Bohemia," and 
David Remon, in "The Masqueraders." 

He first appeared as a star in 1896 in the original production of "Heartsease," 
by Charles Klein and J. T. C. Clarke. In 1898 he again starred in "The Master," 
by Stuart Ogilvie. In the fall of 1899 he created the leading role in "The Only 
Way," a dramatization of Charles Dickens's "Tale of Two Cities," by Freeman 
Wills, which was produced for the first time at the Herald Square Theatre. New 
York, on September 16. Mr. Miller has recently become a manager, and lias 
been associated as joint star with Margaret Anglin. The season of 1905-6 he 
appeared in "Grierson's Way," "Zira" and "Young Fernald." The fall season of 

165 




1906 he produced "The Great Divide," a drama by William Vaughn Moody, which 
opened the Princess Theatre, New York, on October 3. His home is No. 255 West 
55th street, New York. 



MELBA, MADAME (MRS. NELLIE ARMSTRONG), grand opera 
prima donna, was born in Melbourne, Australia, in 1863, being the 
daughter of David Mitchell Porter, a wealthy merchant. Her mother 
was of Spanish descent. When she was seventeen years old she was 
married to Captain Charles Xesbit Frederick Armstrong, son of Sir Andrew Arm- 
strong, Bart. In 188? she accompanied her father, who was a commissioner to the 
Paris Exposition, to France and studied singing under Madame Marchesi. She 
made her first appearance at the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels, as Gilda, in 
"Kigoletto." She made her first appearance in England at Covent Garden, in 
"Lucia di Lammermoor," in 1888, since which she has been regarded as one of the 
greatest of prima donnas, having sung in all the great capitals and at the Metro- 
politan Opera House. New York, where she first appeared under the Abbey, 
Schoeffel & Grau management. 

In April, 1900, Captain Armstrong received a divorce in Galveston, Tex., with 
the custody of their one child, a boy, then about sixteen years old. 



MELVILLE, MISS HOSE, actress, was born in Terre Haute, Ind., being 
the daughter of a Baptist minister. She attended the convent school 
of St. Mary's of the Woods and later went to Franklin College. In 
1881, after leaving college, she joined the Baldwin-Melville company 
playing repertoire in the West. Miss Melville first created the eccentric character 
of Sis Hopkins, which gave her popularity, m a play called "Zeb." It was a small 
part, which she elaborated bit by bit until it became a recognized feature of the 
play. During the run of "1492"" at the Garden Theatre, New York, in 1894, Miss 
Melville and her sister appeared in a specialty called the "Two Little Jays from 
Indiana." Eose Melville's next engagement was as leading woman in "The Prodigal 
Father," in the role of Dolly Bond, which she played two seasons. Then she joined 
Matthews and Bulger, appearing in their musical play "By the Sad Sea Waves," 
in which she introduced her creation of Sis. For several seasons she has starred 
at the head of her own company. 



MELTZER, CHARLES HEXRY, playwright, was born in London, 
England, of naturalized Bussian parents. When a boy he was sent 
to Paris, where he was educated and where he began life as a journalist, 
eventually becoming Paris representative of "The Chicago Tribune," 
and later of "The New York Herald," for which he travelled extensively in Europe 
and in Egypt. Mr. Meltzer came to New York in 1888 under contract to take charge 
of the dramatic and musical departments of "The New York Herald." For four 
seasons he was dramatic critic, and during the seasons of 1893-'96 he wrote dramatic 
reviews for "The New York World." 

Mr. Meltzer's contributions to dramatic literature have been partly original plays 
and partly adaptations. His first play, "The Story of Eodion, the Student," was a 
free dramatization of Dostoiewsky's novel "Crime and Punishment." Later he de- 
vised "Salome" (a tragic pantomime with ballet) in collaboration with Armand Sil- 
vestre. music by Gabriel Pierne, which was produced in Paris : "Manon Lescaut," a 

166 



comedy drama founded upon the romance of Prevost, and "The First Duchess of 
Marlboro ugh/' a comedy of manners, suggested by the Duchess's memoirs. His 
adaptations include the English versions of Hauptmamrs "Hannele" and "Die 
Versunkene Glocke" ("The Sunken Bell") ; Daudet's "L'Arlesienne," Sardou's and 
Moreau's "Madame Sans Gene," Decourcelle's "Le Collier de la Heine" and 'This 
que Reine" (in collaboration with Charles Frederic Xordlinger). His coined v "His 
Honor the Mayor" (produced by William H. Crane) was written with the collabora- 
tion of A. E. Lancaster. 

Since 1903 Mr. Meltzer has acted as secretary and general assistant to Mr. Hem- 
rich Conried, manager of the Metropolitan Opera House, New York. His home is 
at No. 4T6 Central Park West, Xew York. 



MILLWAKD, MISS JESSIE, actress, was born in 1868 in England. 
Her first appearance on the stage was when she produced, with the assist- 
ance of amateurs. "Love's Sacrifice." at Toole's Theatre, London. Her 
performance attracted Mrs. Kendal, who offered her an engagement. 
She afterward played with Genevieve Ward, in "Forget-Me-Xot," and then was 
engaged by Sir Henry Irving for the part of Hero, in "Much Ado About Nothing." 
She played other good parts with Irving, and accompanied him to the United States 
on his first tour of this country, afterward returning with him to the Lyceum, in 
London. Charles Frohman saw her in Xew York and tempted her back to play 
Pauline, in "Called Back." Returning to London, she was engaged by the Gattis 
as leading woman at the Adelphi, in conjunction with William Terriss. whom she 
accompanied to America in 1888, where they starred together. Returning again 
to England, she appeared with Terriss at Drury Lane, in "Paul Kauvar."' Miss 
Millward then received a four years' engagement at Drury Lane, from the late 
Augustus Harris, and appeared in "A Million of Money," in 1890. followed by 
"A Sailor's Knot" and other plays. In 1895 she returned to the Adelphi, and 
again starred with Terriss in melodrama up to the time of that popular actor's 
murder, December 10, 1897. In 1898 she came to the United States, where she 
filled a long series of starring engagements in Xew York and other parts of the 
country under the management of Charles Frohman. The season of 190(5 she ap- 
peared in "The Hypocrites," at the Hudson Theatre, Xew York. 

MORRIS, MISS MILDRED, actress, the daughter of the late Felix 
Morris, the well known English actor, was born in London, and came 
to the United States when she was a year old. She lived for a time in 
Wisconsin and received her early schooling there at the Hillside Home 
School. Later coming to Xew York she completed her education in the Friends' 
Seminary. She made her first appearance in Xew York, being an "extra" in the 
company of Mrs. Minnie Maddern Fiskc. which presented "Mary of Magdala" at 
the Manhattan Theatre in 1902. In March of the same year she joined the "Little 
Princess" company, at first playing a small part and later that of Becky. In the 
spring of 1904 she was engaged for the leading boy's part, Tom, in "Two Little 
Sailor Boys." Her work in these minor parts was sufficiently marked to lead 
Richard Mansfield to engage her for his company for the season of 1904-'05, the 
characters she assumed being that of the Prince, in "Richard III," and Xerissa, in 
"The Merchant of Venice." In 1905-'06 she played Wendy, in Charles Frohman's 
production of "Peter Pan," next to that of Maude Adams, the principal part, and 
one in which she made a personal triumph. 

167 



MOORE, MISS ELSIE, light opera prima donna, was born on one ol the 
Fiji Islands, her father being the Hon. George Moore, Crown Surveyor 
of Suro. Her eldest sister, before becoming Lady Francis Winter, the 
wife of the one-time Governor of Xew Guinea, had been a well known 
singer in Australia. Elsie Moore made her first appearance on the stage when she 
was sixteen years old as "the youngest light opera prima donna in Australia" in 
"The Gondoliers," under the management of J. 0. Williamson. Afterward, under 

his management, she played the title roles 
in "San Toy," "The Belle of New York/' 
"The Circus Girl," "The Runaway Girl," 
Dolores, in "Florodora," and the prima 
donna parts in the Gilbert and Sullivan 
operas, making pronounced successes in "Pa- 
tience"; as Yum Yum, in "The Mikado"; 
Mabel, in "Pirates of Penzance," and Joseph- 
ine, in "H. M. S. Pinafore," in Melbourne, 
Sydney and Brisbane. 

She came to this country in August, 
1905. appearing in San Francisco. She went 
to Xew York a few weeks later to play the 
principal part in "The Earl and the Girl," 
and was retained in the cast for the tour of 
the play in the fall season of 1906. 

Miss Moore is a devotee of all outdoor 
sports, and is an expert rider, driver, golfer 
and swimmer. As a swimmer she has won 

several medals. While she still calls Australia her home. Miss Moore regards herself 
as an American actress, she having played in all the big towns from the Pacific to 
the Atlantic Ocean. 




MODJESKA, MADAME HELENA (COUNTESS BOZENTA), 
actress, was born in Cracow, Poland, in 1844, her father being Michael 
Opido, a Tatra mountaineer. She takes the stage name of Modjeska 
from that of her first husband, Modrzejewski, who was her guardian 
and to whom she was married when she was seventeen years old. Two of her 
brothers became actors, and her first husband fostered her ambition for the stage 
by organizing a small travelling company for her before she was eighteen. It con- 
sisted of herself as star, her husband, her sister and the latter's husband, and three 
of her brothers. 

For years she acted in small Polish towns. In 1865, returning to her native 
town, she played leading parts and became famous. Her first husband dying while 
she was still very young, in 1868 she was married to Charles Chlapowski, Count 
Bozenta, who took her to the Warsaw Theatre, where she made a remarkable success, 
opening in "Adrienne Lecouvreur" and continuing there until she and her husband 
were practically exiled for political reasons. Applying herself to studying English, 
she mastered it in nine months and made her first appearance as an English- 
speaking actress in San Francisco in 1877, where she remained two years, playing 
"Mary Stuart," "The Old Love and the New," "Romeo and Juliet," "Adrienne Le- 
couvreur" and "Heartsease." She went to London for the first time in 1880 and 
she repeated her success. 

Madame Modjeska acted Juliet to the Romeo of Edwin Booth, on April 30, 1883, 

168 






at Booty s .rrncrrtre, Xew York, and on May 21. ISMS, she \vas the Ophelia to tho 
Hamlet of Edwin Booth at Lester Wallack's benefit. .Joseph .Jefferson and William 
'Florence were the two gravediggers in the all-star cast. In January. 1895, 
Madame Modjeska was suddenly stricken with an illness which compelled her to 
retire temporarily from the stage. For two years she lived in seclusion on her 
ranch in California. In 1898 she again resumed her career, and she has since 
starred in repertoire both in this country and in England. Her home address is 
Arden, El Toro, Orange County, California. 

MITCHELL, MISS ADA, musical comedy prima donna, was horn in 
Baltimore, Md., in 1880, being the only child of J. S. and FJla Mitchell. 
She received a vocal education and at the age of ten appeared in an 
amateur production, "Revolt of the Holidays," in Baltimore. She after- 
ward sang in church choirs in her native city. She made her professional stage 
debut on August 15, 1904, at the Xew York Theatre, Xew York, in the chorus of 
"The Maid and the Mummy." Her first speaking part was that of Kimono, in 
"The Mayor of Tokio," played at the Illinois Theatre, Chicago, on August i:>, 1905. 
At the opening of the production at the \Valnut Street Theatre. Philadelphia, she 
sang the prima donna part, and did it so well that she continued in it through the 
following season. She is fond of all athletic sports and is a baseball "fan." 



MORRIS, WILLIAM, actor, was born in Boston in l,S(il. Ik- was only 
fourteen years old when he joined the Boston Museum Stock Company. 
After serving his apprenticeship in the companies of Augustin Daly and 
Madame Modjeska, he became leading man of Charles Frohman's 
Empire Theatre Stock Company, opening that theatre as Lieutenant Hawkesworth, 
in "The Girl I Left Behind Me." He left that company in 1894 to star in "The 
Lost Paradise"; as Gil de Berault, in "Under the Bed Robe," and in "The Ad- 
venture of Lady r/rsula." In 1901 he played in "When We Were Twenty-One." 
He married Etta Hawkins in 1891. He is a member of The Plavers, Xew York. 



MOULAN, FRANK, comedian and singer, \vas born in Xew York, and, as 
a boy, was regarded as a remarkable singer. He was a member of the 
Young Apollo Club, and sang in the choir of Trinity Church. He 
afterward was solo vocalist in the choir of a Jersey City church. He 
made his first appearance on the stage with the Calhoun Opera Company, and in 
1897 joined the Castle Square Opera Company as comedian. Mr. Moulan made 
his. first big success in 'George Ade's comic opera "The Sultan of Sulu." produced 
at the Studebaker Theatre, Chicago, March 11, 11)02, and afterward at Wai lack's 
Theatre, New York. His wife, Maud Lillian Berri. shared his success in that opera. 



MURRAY, .T. K.. actor and opera singer, was born in Liverpool, England. 
He came to this country in 18(!9, settling in Pittsburg, where he lived 
until he began his stage career, in 1884, his first professional engagement 
being with Catherine Lewis. He next joined the McCaull Opera Com- 
pany, opening in Boston in "The Sorcerer" in the spring of 1885. The following 
year Mr. Murray joined the Carleton Opera Company, and remained with that 
organization six years, travelling chiefly on the Pacific Coast. The season of 

169 



1892-'93 Mr. Murray produced the Irish drama ''Glen da Lough" at me Columbia 
Theatre, Boston, starring himself and being supported by his wife. Clara Lane. 
He then formed the Murray-Lane Opera Company, which toured the Western cities. 
In 1895 he joined the Castle Square Opera Company. He has since sung with 
various operatic organizations, and with his wife has appeared in vaudeville. 



NESBITT, MISS MIRIAM, actress, while a student at the Wheatcroft 
Dramatic School,, New York, in 1897, attracted the attention of Charles 
Frohman, and in the season of 1898-'99 she was a member of his stock 
company, playing Monica, in "The Tree of Knowledge," succeeding Mary 
Mannering, and supporting James K. Hackett. In 1899 she was also in the original 
cast of "The White Horse Tavern," at Wallack's Theatre, New York, playing Attille. 
Tn 1900 she played the Fishing Girl in the same play on the road, and was leading 
woman in Frederick Bond's summer stock company at Albany. She then signed 
with Joseph Haworth, and played until January, 1901, in "Robert of Sicily" with 
him, appearing the remainder of the season with Ada Rehan in "Sweet Nell of 
Old Drury." 

In 1901-'02 she was William H. Crane's leading woman in "David Harum,'" and 
in ]902-'03 leading woman with Chauncey Olcott in "Old Limerick." In 1903 
she was also leading woman with Henry E. Dixey in "Facing the Music," and 
played as leading woman in "The County Chairman" at Wallack's Theatre, New 
York, and in Chicago. In August, 1904, she went to England, and toured through 
September and October as leading woman in "A Stranger in a Strange Land," 
playing the American Girl in an entirely English company. In December she 
appeared at the Duke of York's Theatre, London, in "Peter Pan." In 1905 she 
returned to America and supported Henrietta Crosman in "Mary, Mary, Quite 
Contrary," until January, 1906, when she supported Lawrance D'Orsay in Augustus 
Thomas's "The Embassy Ball" in its run at Daly's Theatre, New York. 



NETHERSOLE, MISS OLGA, actress, was born in Kensington. London, 
in 1870. Her mother was of Spanish descent and her father a scion of 
one of the oldest Kentish families. She was educated in Germany. The 
death of her father, who was a well known barrister in London, made it 
necessary that she should provide for herself, and she chose the stage as the field 
for her work. Miss Nethersole had some experience as an amateur before making 
her professional debut as Lettice Vane, in Henry Hamilton's play "Harvest." pro- 
duced at the Theatre Royal, Brighton. England,' March, 1887. 

After a year in the Englisk provinces, Miss Nethersole made her first appear- 
ance in London in July, 1888, at the Adelphi Theatre, in "The Union Jack," by 
Sydney Grundy and the late Henry Pettitt. She next played the leading role at 
the St. James's Theatre, in "The Dean's Daughter," and later she created the role 
of Lola Montez, in "The Silver Falls." 

For the opening of the new Garrick Theatre, in 1889, she was engaged by John 
Hare to create the role of Janet Preece, in A. W. Pinero's first serious problem 
play, "The Profligate." She also appeared under the same management in thi> 
theatre as Floria, in "La Tosca," and in Grundy's "A Fool's Paradise." 

After a ten months' tour in Australia, during which she appeared in "The 
Idler," "Moths," "The Village Priest," "The Fortune of War." "A Scrap of Paper." 
etc.. she returned to London to rejoin John Hare's company at the Garrick and 
appear as the Countess -Zicka in the last revival in London of "Diplomacy." At 

170 



this time, too, she created the leading role in "The Silent Battle," a play written 
by an American novelist, Isaac Henderson, and produced at the Criterion Theatre. 

In 1894 Miss Nethersole leased the Eoyal Court Theatre, in London, and there 
produced "The Transgressor," a play by A. W. Gattie. Her American debut took 
place at Palmer's Theatre, New York, October 15, 1894. She appeared there and 
in a subsequent tour of the United States in ''The Transgressor," "Camille," "Frou- 
Frou" and "Romeo and Juliet." In May, 1895, she was again at the Garrick 
Theatre, London, playing the leading character in A. W. Pinero's "The Notorious 
Mrs. Ebbsmith." June 6, 1896, Miss Nethersole produced "Carmen" at the 
Gaiety, London, and in 1897 brought it to the United States, where her portrayal 
of the role of Carmen and the "Nethersole kiss," as it was called, caused wide- 
spread comment. In 1898 Miss Nethersole leased His Majesty's Theatre, London. 
and there produced "The Termagant," by Louis N. Parker and Murray Carson. 

In 1902 she leased the Adelphi Theatre, in London, and produced Clyde Fitch's 
adaptation of Daudet's novel "Sapho." The same year she produced that play at 
Wallack's Theatre, New York, and both actress and play came into great promi- 
nence through the efforts made to stop her from presenting it. The case was taken 
to the Supreme Court, and final ly, Miss Nethersole winning, she continued to 
present the play. 

The season of 1905-'06 she made her fifth tour of the United States, and pre- 
sented, in addition to her repertoire, "The Labyrinth," a version of "La Dedale," 
by W. L. Courtenay. 

Miss Nethersole's homes are No. 5 Norfolk street, Park Lane, London, England. 
and Villa Lou Basquou, Biarritz, France. In New York she occupies an apart- 
ment at the Hotel Gotham, in Fifth avenue. 



NIELSEN, MISS ALICE (MRS. B. XEXTWIG), prima donna, was 
born in Nashville, Tenn. Her father was a Dane, and her mother was of 
Irish descent. During the Civil War her father, who was a professional 
violinist, while fighting on the L T nion side, received a wound which event- 
ually caused his death. Left a widow when Alice was eight years old, Mrs. Nielsen, 
with her three children, went to Kansas City and opened a boarding house at 13th 
and Cherry streets. Alice was educated at St. Teresa's Academy, and took singing 
lessons from Professor Max Desci. Joining the choir of St. Patrick's Church, Kan- 
sas City, in 1888, Miss Nielsen's voice soon attracted much attention. In 1890 she 
became the wife of Benjamin Nentwig, the organist of the church. They had one 
child, a boy, but the marriage proved unhappy, and was followed by a divorce. 

Miss Nielsen sang in church for five years, and then, in 1892, she went with a 
concert party, which became stranded in St. Joseph, Mo. Obtaining an engage- 
ment to sing at the Eden Musee there for a week, thus getting money to pay her 
way home, she joined the Pike Opera Company and sang in the chorus of that 
organization in Oakland, Cal. Her voice and personality attracted the notice of 
George E. Lask, the stage manager of the Tivoli Opera Company, and he engaged 
her to play small parts at first. In a very short time she rose to be prima donna 
of the organization, and there Henry Clay Barnaby, of the Bostonians. heard her 
sing Lucia. The result was an engagement with the light opera organization. She 
made her first appearance with the Bostonians as Anita, in "The War Time Wed- 
ding." She was then given the small part of Annabelle, in "Robin Hood," and 
soon after was cast for Maid Marian, the prima donna part. She made her first 
big success as Yvonne, in "The Serenade," which had a long run at the Knicker- 
bocker Theatre, New Y"ork. She then became a star, her first medium being "The 

171 



Fortune Teller," by Stanislaus Stange, with lyrics by Harry B. Smith and music 
by Victor Herbert., produced in 1898. Miss Nielsen's next great success was in 
"The Singing Girl." 

In 1902 Miss Nielsen went to London to play in "The Fortune Teller/' with 
which she had again been successful in this country, and there Henry Russell, a 
well known musical critic and manager, heard her, and took her to Rome to study 
for grand opera. She made her first appearance as a grand opera prima donna at 
the Bellini Theatre, Naples, as Marguerite, in "Faust." She next sang in "La 
Traviata," at the San Carlo Opera House, in Naples. An engagement at Covent 
Garden, London, followed. Then she won successes as Zerlina, in "Don Giovanni/' 
and Suzanne, in "The Marriage of Figaro." The autumn of 1905 Miss Nielsen was 
prima donna at the Covent Garden opera, London, singing Mimi to Caruso's 
Rodolpho, in Puccini's "La Boheme," and Gilda. in "Rigoletto." to the Rigoletto 
of Maurel. In May, 1906, Miss Nielsen and Madame Calve alternated parts at 
the New Waldorf Theatre, London. Miss Xielsen returned to this country in the 
fall of 1906 to appear in grand opera with a company, of which she and Nordica 
were the prima donnas. 



NO1IDICA, MME. LILLIAN, grand opera prima donna, was born in 
Farmington, Me. She was the granddaughter of "Camp Meeting" John 
Allen, a New England preacher, who was noted for the bitterness of his 
attacks on the stage. She began her musical studies in Boston, under 
Professor O'Neill, of the New England Conservatory of Music. Before she was 
sixteen she had sung as a soloist in oratorio for the Handel and Haydn societies. 
Her first twelve operatic roles were studied under Marie Maretzek. Subsequently 
she appeared with Gilmore's Band at two concerts in the old Madison Square Garden. 
She accompanied the bandmaster abroad, appearing at concerts in Liverpool, London 
and on the Continent. After appearing with him in Paris, she went to Italy with 
her mother, and there began the study of grand opera under San Giovanni. She 
made her debut as a grand opera prima donna at Brescia, Italy, in April, 1879, in 
"La Traviata." After appearing at Genoa and Novara, in October, 1881, she went 
to St. Petersburg and sang "Mignon" before the Tsarina. After singing in Moscow 
she went to Paris, making her initial grand opera performance there in "Faust" in 
1882, and later singing in "Hamlet." 

While appearing in Paris she was married to Frederick Gower, well known as a 
scientist and electrician. Mr. Gower, but a few months after his marriage, met his 
death while conducting a series of electrical experiments in a balloon that ascended 
from Woolwich Arsenal, England. The balloon was carried out to sea and col- 
lapsed, and Gower and a companion were drowned. Through her husband's death 
she came into a fortune of a quarter of a million dollars. After this, in 1886, 
Madame Nordica returned to the stage, from which she had been absent for three 
years, appearing at Covent Garden, London, in ''La Traviata." On March 28, 1890, 
she made her first appearance in her native land with Signor Tamagno, in "II Tro- 
v at ore." Afterward she went to Bayreuth, and under Madame Wagner's instruc- 
tions studied the part of Elsa, in "Lohengrin," which role she created in the original 
production at Bayreuth. After this she made some of her most notable successes in 
Wagnerian roles. In 1895 she made her first appearance in America, in "Tristan 
und Isolde." 

It was on the eigthieth anniversary of the birthday of Queen Victoria that 
Madame Nordica appeared at Windsor Castle and sang Elsa, in "Lohengrin," for 

172 



the Queen, the first lime a Wagner opera was ever heard by Her Majesty. After 
leaving the Queen's presence Madame Xordica missed a small brooch, and asked one 
of the maids of honor to send it to her hotel when it was found. The following 
day she received her missing brooch and another, worth many times more than her 
own, as a present from the Queen. 

For several years Madame Xordica has been one of the leading prima donnas at 
the Metropolitan Opera House, Xew York, where she has sung all the roles which 
have made her famous. 



N ORRIS, WILLIAM, actor, was born in Xew York, June 15, 1870, being 
the son of Elias M. and Harriet Mayo Block. He was educated in the 
Cosmopolitan School and the Boys' High School, Han Francisco. His 
playing as an amateur was restricted to one part, that of the Frenchman, 
in "Esmeralda," in which he appeared in San Francisco in 1S!)1. His first appear- 
ance on the professional stage was in December. 1892, in "The Girl from Mexico," 
under the management of .7. M. Hill. His first principal part was that of Bauer- 

siock, in Charles Frohman's Xew York 
production of "His Excellency the 
Governor," and it was in this part that 
In made his first marked success. 

From this time on he made rapid 
strides in his profession and displayed 
amazing versatility, jumping from 
straight comedy to tragedy and from 
that to musical comedy, and making 
notable successes in each. He played 
^k Pirn-has, in Israel Zangwill's "Children 
' J of the Ghetto." ten weeks at the Her- 
A aid Square Theatre. Xew York, and 
Adonis, with Viola Allen, in "In the 

M/ Palace of the King," for seventeen 

weeks at the Republic Theatre, now the 
% 1 Belasco. Chicago. As Pepe, the dwarf, 

in Otis Skinner's production of "Fran- 
cesca da .Rimini/' he reached a high 
order of tragic acting, and from that 
he went to Barry in "A Country Girl," 
where for sixteen weeks at Dalv's 





Theatre, Xew York, he added new 

j ^ ' 

laurels to his achievements as a musical 
^^HHI comedian. The part of Alan, in 

"Babes in Toyland," played for twenty- 
three weeks at the Majestic Theatre, Xew York, earned him added popularity and 
praise, as did Chambudd Khan, in "The Cingalese"; King Dodo, in "King Dodo"; 
the Burgomaster, in "The Burgomaster," and the leading part in "The Man in the 
Moon." For the last seven years Mr. Norris has played for an entire season in the 
part in which he began it. The season of 1905-'06 he played in "The Land of Nod," 
which ran for five months in Chicago and eight months following in the West. He 
is a member of The Lambs. The Players, Xew York, and the Pacific Lodere, A. F. 
and A. M. 



173 



OTIS, MISS ELITA PROCTOR (MRS. WILLIAM CARPENTER 
CAMP), actress, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, where her father, William 
Henry Otis, was a banker. Her grandfather, William A. Otis, was a Boston 
banker. Her uncle, Charles A. Otis, late Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, was a 
partner of the late Senator Mark Hanna, of Ohio. Her paternal grandmother was 
Eliza Proctor, sister of Senator Kedfield Proctor, of Vermont, and a lineal descendant 
of the English poetess, Adelaide Proctor. Her maternal grandmother was a sister 

of Mayor Fitler, of Philadelphia. Miss 
Otis became a professional actress 
through her success as an amateur in 
the productions of the Comedy Club, in 
which Elsie De Wolfe and Mrs. James 
Brown Potter first became proficient as 
amateurs. She first achieved popular- 
ity as Mrs. Eastlake Chapel, in John 
Stetson's production of "The Crust of 
Society," and afterward starred under 
his management in a number of com- 
edy roles, including those of Lady Gay 
Spanker, in "London Assurance," and 

**. <^f&'' Lacly Teazle - in " The School for Scan- 

? f **} j>> _. .j-TtiiHi&S?^ dal." A. M. Palmer engaged her for 

JwjS ^P^A^^^f.^^1 , hi g production of Augustus Thomas's 

^^^^Hjj^M^^jftf "New Blood," and she was subsequently 

Ji Ek" ^fc the player of the leading woman roles 

in Charles Frohman's productions of 
Adelphi melodramas, "Sporting Life" 
being among her notable successes. 

After a starring tour as Nancy 
Sikes in her own version of "Oliver 
Twist," she was engaged bv W. A. 
Brady to create the leading role in 
"Wine and Women." She has appeared 

frequently in vaudeville sketches, and for a time was stock star in the Proctor Fifth 
Avenue stock company. In the New York revival of "The Two Orphans" she 
played Mme. Frochard. The fall season of 1906 she was with Lew Fields's company, 
at the Herald Square Theatre, in "About Town." In 1900, while playing in "The 
Brixton Burglary," at the Herald Square Theatre, New York, she was married to- 
William Camp, a New York broker, son of Isaac Camp, the organ manufacturer, of 
Chicago. Miss Otis lives with her husband at No. 142 West 44th street, New York. 




OLCOTT, CHAUNCEY (JOHN CHANCELLOR); actor and singer, 
was born in Buffalo, July 27, 1860. and was educated at the public school* 
in that city. He made his first appearance as a ballad singer in 1880 
with a minstrel show under the management of the late E. M. Hooley. 
and remained with that organization t\vo years. He then joined the Haverly 
Minstrels, and later was with the Carncross Minstrels in Philadelphia. A period 
with the Denman Thompson company followed, when he became a member of the 
Duff Opera Company, staying with it several seasons, playing tenor parts. He also 
sang in light operas in England for two years, then returned to this country and 
took up the line of business as a star in Irish musical dramas left vacant by the 

174 



death of W. J. Scanlan. Since then Mr. Olcott has been the leading Irish singing 
romantic star in this country. 

Mr. Olcott married, September 28, 1897, Margaret O'Donnvan, of San Fran- 
cisco. His homes are at Fruitvale, Cal., and Saratoga, X. V. He is a member of 
The Lambs and The Players, New York, and the Democratic Club, Buffalo, X. Y. 



OPP, MISS JULIE (MRS. WILLIAM FAYERS1IAM), actress, was 
born in New York in 1873, and was educated in a convent there. When 
she was twenty years old she began writing for Xew York newspapers, for 
three years being the editor of a woman's page. As a reporter she went 
io Paris and intervied Calve and Sarah Bernhardt. Both urged her to adopt the 
stage as a profession, offering their advice, influence and support. 

Returning to this country, Miss Opp made her first public appearance in the 
spring of 1896 at a recital given by Madame D'Hardelot at the Waldorf, Xew York. 
She recited "The Birth of the Opal," by Ella Wheeler Wilcox. The same year, 
returning to Paris, she made her first appearance on the legitimate stage, with 
Madame Bernhardt, in the ballroom scene in "Canrille." She then obtained a 
year's engagement in the company of GfcJrge Alexander, at the St. James's Theatre, 
London, during which she was understudy to Julia Xeilson. in "The Prisoner of 
Zenda," and played Hymen, in ''As You Like It." During the illness of Miss 
Xeilson she played Rosalind and made her first big success. She was next seen in 
"The Princess and the Butterfly." 

Returning to this country under engagement with Charles Frohman, Miss Opp 
played leading parts in the company supporting William Faversham, whose wife 
she became in 1902. She continued to play leads with her husband until 190."). on 
October 31 of which year a son was born to them. Since then Miss Opp has not 
been seen on the stage. The Favershams have a farm in England. Their home 
in this country is at Xo. 211 East 17th street, Xew York. 

0' XEILL, JAMES, actor, was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, Xovember 15, 
1849. He was brought to this country when he was five years old, and 
was educated in Buffalo and Cincinnati. After working in a clothing 
store, he made his first appearance on the stage, in 1868, as a "super" in 
the Xational Theatre, Cincinnati, during an engagement of Edwin Forrest. After 
a season of barnstorming and at the St. Louis Varieties, he joined the company of 
Robert Miles in Cincinnati, leaving that to become leading juvenile at the Holliday 
Street Theatre, Baltimore, and leading man at the Academy of Music, Cleveland, 
where he played Icillius to the Yirginius of Edwin Forrest. He also appeared in 
"Macbeth" with Charlotte Cushman. 

In 1871 Mr. O'Xeill became leading man with the McVicker's Theatre Com- 
pany, in Chicago, a place he retained for two years. He then joined the Hooley 
Stock Company. In 1875 Mr. O'Xeill joined A. M. Palmer's Xew York company, 
playing two years at the Union Square Theatre. He created the part of Pierre, in 
"The Two Orphans," in this country ; played the Prince, in "The Danicheffs," and 
Jean Renaud, in "A Celebrated Case." The following three years he was at Bald- 
win's Theatre, San Francisco. In 1880 Mr. O'Xeill impersonated the Saviour, in 
"The Passion Play," on its production in San Francisco. Mr. O'Xeill played 
in "Deacon Crankett" in 1882 and starred for a while in "An American King." 
Early in 1883 John Stetson revived the drama "The Count of Monte Cristo," at 
Booth's Theatre, Xew York. Charles P. Thorne, Jr., played the part of Edmond 

175 



Dantes the first night and died the next day. Mr. CTXeill tcok up the part, which 
he continued to play almost continuously for sixteen years. In 1898 he appeared 
as D'Artagnan. in "The Musketeers." Since then he has appeared in various 
romantic dramas, but his reputation is chiefly associated with "Monte Cristo" and 
"The Musketeers." 

Mr. O'Xeill's home is at New London, Conn. 



PARKY, NYILLIAM, manager, actor and stage manager, was born in Man- 
chester, England, January 9, 1856. His parents kept the Royal Hotel, 
adjoining the Theatre Royal, frequented by actors. This brought William 
in touch with the theatrical profession, and when ten years old he became 
a call boy. In the stock company at that time were Henry Irving, Charles Wynd- 
ham, Lionel B rough, George Rignold, John L. Toole and others. Mr. Parry's first 
appearance as an actor was as the Third Apparition in "Macbeth." He then played 

Robin, in "The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor," and General Boom, in the panto- 
mime of "Gulliver's Travels." He was 
then taken to London with Colonel 
Mapleson's Italian Opera Company 
under the special care of Theresa Tiet- 
jens and Charles Santley, who saw to 
the finishing of the boy's education, in- 
sisting upon his mastering the Italian 
and French languages. 

Between the opera seasons in Lon- 
don William Parry served as call boy 
at the opening of the original Gaiety 
Theatre under John Hollingshead's 
management, and at Covent Garden 
Theatre in the production of "Babel 
and Bijou," under the stage manage- 
ment of Dion Boucicault and Augustus 
Harris (father of the late Sir Augus- 
tus). When nineteen years old he was 
appointed stage manager, for the first 
time, with Tomasso Salvini. 

At twenty-six he organized tbe 
William Parry Italian Opera Company 
and toured the provinces of England, 
Ireland, Scotland and Holland. He 

came to America with Colonel Mapleson, and was for many seasons stage manager 
at the Academy of Music, and afterward at the Metropolitan Opera House, under 
Abbey, Schoeffel & Grau. For four years he was stage manager for David Hen- 
derson in Chicago and elsewhere, producing the big spectacular extravaganza* 
"Sindbad the Sailor," "AH Baba" and others. In the summer of 1896 the Parry 
Opera Company opened a season of opera in English at the Manhattan Beach 
Thea.tre, producing "Yery Little Faust." In 1900 he gave a season of English 
opera at Terrace Garden. He was stage manager for Henry W. Savage's English 
Opera Company. He has staged many dramatic plays, sketches and one act plays 
for vaudeville. 

His favorite sport is horse racing. 




176 



PASTOR, ANTONIO (TONY), entertainer and manager, was horn in 
New York in 1837. He made his first appearance on the stage at Barnmn's 
Museum, New York, in the fall of 184(i. He played the tanihourine in a 
minstrel company. On April 1, 1847. he went on a lour with this tioupe, 
which was a side show for a circus. He was hilled as "the infant prodigy," Then 
he became a rider in the circus, and, as comic songs were features of circus perform- 
ances in those days, he became a comic singer as well. He followed the circus busi- 
ness until 1801, when he deserted it to sing comic songs for Frank Risers. After 
that he went to New York and opened at old "444" Broadway, making a specialty 
of sinking "The Star Spangled Banner." In May, 1801. lie opened the Broadway 
Music Hall, at Broadway and Broome street, where he remained until .January. 
1803, when he returned to "444." 

On March 22, 1805, he began his managerial career, with Sam Sharpley as a 
partner. They opened at No. 201 Bowery. They gave a variety performance to 
which women could go and which omitted the smoking and drinking features that 
had characterized such shows up to that time. He remained there for ten years. 
In October, 1875, he removed to the first Tony Pastor house in Broadway, which 
was called Tony Pastor's Theatre. It was in this house that Lillian Russell 
was first introduced to the public. There he remained until October. 1881, when 
the Fourteenth street house was opened, in which Tony Pastor has remained ever 
since. Among the stars and managers who were graduated from there were Har- 
rigan and Hart, Nat Goodwin, Harry Kernell, Pat Rooney. Evans and Hoey. Den- 
man Thompson. Xeil Burgess and W. .T. Scanlan. 

PAYNE, WILLIAM LOUIS, actor, was born in Elmira, N. Y. He is 
the son of Alfred T. Payne, an artist, now living in New Y r ork. He had 
l)een an actor some years, when, on July 13, 1906. he married Mrs. Leslie 
Carter, at Portsmouth, X. H., while on an automobile trip. 
Besides being a member of many stock companies previous to his marriage, Mr. 
Payne had played Orville Baher, in "Eben Holden" : Goldarnheim. in "Her Maj- 
esty" : Otto Struble, in "An American Citizen" : Ingomar Cartridge, in "Ambition" ; 
Mr. Jones, in "David Garrick" ; Dave, in "In Mizzoura" : Winkle, in "Mr. Pick- 
wick"; Esrom, in "Nazareth"; Smiley Green, in "Bird Centre," and Howard Lef- 
fingwell, in "Mrs. LeflfingwelPs Boots." Mr. Payne is a member of The Lambs. 

PINERO, ARTHUR WING, playwright, was born in London May 2-1. 
1855, being the son of John Daniel Pinero, a lawyer. Early in life he 
married Myra Emily Hamilton, an actress. After leaving school he spent 
some time in his father's office, but before being articled as a lawyer he 
decided to become an actor. He first appeared in 1874 as general utility man in 
small parts at the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, at $5 a week. A year later he went 
to London and appeared at the Globe Theatre. From 1870 to 1881 he was a member 
of Henry Irving's company at the Lyceum Theatre. It was during his first year at 
this house that he wrote his first playlet, a one act farce called "200 a Year," the 
manuscript of which he presented to R. C. Carton, who obtained its production at 
the Globe. His next efforts were "Bygones" and "Daisy's Escape," produced in 
1880, both of which were utilized as curtain raisers by Mr. Irving, with the 
young author in the leading parts. 

His first really successful play was "The Money Spinner," produced by John 
Hare and the Kendals in 1880 at the St. James's Theatre, London. The following 



year he gave up playing, and has since devoted himself to playwriting. Included 
in his works are "Hester's Mystery." "Lords and Commons," "In Chancery." "The 
Magistrate," "The Hobby Horse," "Dandy Dick," "Sweet Lavender," "The Profli- 
gate," "The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith," "Lady Bountiful," "The Amazons," "The 
Gay Lord Quex," "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," "Iris," "Trelawny of the Wells" 
and "His House in Order," produced in New York at the Empire Theatre by John 
Drew and company in September, 1906. Mr. Pinero's home address is No. 14 Han- 
over Square, London, W. 

PAYTON. CORSE, actor and manager, was born at Centreville, Iowa, De- 
cember 18, 1867. He made his first appearance on the stage at the age 
of sixteen, in the role of Luke Bloomfield, in "Dora."' in a company made 
up entirely of members of his own family. The organization went on tour 
and was successful for several years. In 1890 Mr. Payton was playing the leading 
comedy part in "Larking." The next season he organized his first company and 
up to 1895 played in repertoire through the Middle West. That year he took his 
company East. He is now the lessee and manager of Corse Payton's Theatre, 
Brooklvn, X. Y. 



PEPLE, EinYAKD HENRY, playwright, was born in Eichmond, Va., 
August 10, 1867, and was educated at the academy of John P. McGuire, 
Kichmond, Ya. He began life as an accountant, and was in the employment 
of the American Bridge Company, New York, when he wrote his first play, 
"A Broken Eosary." The play which attracted most attention to Mr. Peple as a 
playwright was "The Prince Chap," produced in the fall of 1895. with Cyril Scott 
in the principal part. It ran throughout two seasons. 

Mr. Peple's home is at No. 132 West 96th street, New York. 

PLYMPTON, EBEN, actor, was born in Boston, Mas?.. 011 February 7. 1853. 
After leaving school he held a position as bookkeeper on "The Boston Post," 
devoting most of his leisure time to amateur theatrical performances. He 
overtaxed his strength and. was sent to California to regain his health. 
While there he obtained his first professional engagement, with Joseph Proctor, and 
made his debut in Sacramento. There he gained a wide experience in acting, ap- 
pearing frequently in five plays a week. Then he was engaged by John McCullough 
for leading juvenile parts at the California Theatre, in San Francisco. Subse- 
quently he played juvenile parts at the Park Theatre, in Brooklyn, and from there 
was transferred to the Wallack Stock Company in New York, with which he re- 
mained two seasons. 

On November ,23, 1875, he made his appearance in the L T nion Square Theatre, 
as Andre, in "Eose Michel," and he also appeared in this house in support of John 
T. Eaymond, in "The Gilded Age," as Clay Hawkins. Next season he acted as the 
chief support of Adelaide Neilson, playing, among other roles. Eomeo to her Juliet; 
Sebastian, in "Twelfth Night," and Leonatus, in "Cymbeline." He supported Law- 
rence Barrett during a part of a season, and was the original Lord Travers, in "Hazel 
Kirke," which had such a successful run at the Madison Square Theatre. New York. 
He was the leading support of Mary Anderson during her farewell tour of the 
United States. In the all-star cast which presented "Hamlet" at the Metropolitan 
Opera House in 1888 as a testimonial to Lester Wallack he played the part of 

178 



Laertes. He has starred at the head of his own company, and appeared in the 
support of many leading stars, ?uch as Julia Marlowe and Modjeska. His home is 
at Kingston, Mass. 



POST, GUY BATES, actor, was born in Seattle, Washington Territory, in 
1875, his father, John James, being of English, and hi? mother, Mary 
Annette Post, of Dutch parentage. His sister, Madeline Post, is a well 
known actress, having played in Charles Frohman's companies. Mr. Post 
had an early leaning toward the stage and made many appearances as an ama- 
teur, his first being in the part of Cassius, in "Julius Caesar,'' at a performance 
given by St. John's Episcopal Church in San Francisco. He made his stage debut 

in Chicago in 1893 at the Schiller 
Theatre, as the Printer, in the produc- 
tion of "Charlotte Corday." by Kyrle 
Bellew and Mrs. James Brown Potter. 
He made his first marked success in the 
role of Robert Rockett, in "My Lady 
Dainty,'' by Madeleine Lucette Ryley, 
with Herbert Kelcey and Effie Shan- 
non at the Madison Square Theatre, 
Xew York. Following this he ap- 
peared successively as Captain Stuart, 
in Richard Harding Davis's "Soldiers 
of Fortune"; Steve, in Owen Wister's 
and Kirke La Shelle's "The Virgin- 
ian"; in Clyde Fitch's "The Marriage 
Game," "The Bird in the Cage" ancl 
"Major Andre"; "A Rose o' Plym- 
outh," by Evelyn Greenleaf Sutherland 
and Beulah Marie Dix : as Joe Lacy, 
in Paul Armstrong's "Heir to the 
Hoorah," and in a production of 
"Manon Lescaut" at Wallack's Theatre, 




York. His most marked achieve- 
ments have been in his roles in "The 
Virginian," "Soldiers of Fortune," "My 
Lady Dainty" and "The Heir to the 

Hoorah," in the last named of which he went on tour the fall season of 1906. He 
married Sarah Truax, a well known actress. He is an accomplished pianist and 
linguist and an adept at all athletic sports. One of his boasts is that he never 
rides in an elevator. He is a member of The Lambs and The Plavers, Xew York. 



POTTER, MRS. JAMES BROWN (CORA URQUHART), actress, 
was born in Xew Orleans, where her family -was socially prominent, her 
father being Colonel David Urquhart. It was not until after her marriage 
to James Brown Potter, of Xew York, the son of one of the most prominent 
and wealthy citizens of the Metropolis, that she took up amateur theatricals. Her 
striking looks and the elegance of her gowns coupled with native ability combined 
to attract attention to her work, and it was not long before she sought the profes- 
sional stage. She made her debut in London, at the Haymarket Theatre, March 29, 

179 



1887, as Anne Sylvester, in "Man and Wife," by Wilkie Collins, appearing to such 
advantage that she received a note of congratulation from the author. 

From the Haymarket she went to the Gaiety, where she appeared in "Civil War" 
and "Loyal Love." She then returned to her native land, and six months after her 
first London appearance made her American debut. She toured America for two 
years, playing as a star and supported by Kyrle Bel lew, included in her repetoire 
being "Romeo and Juliet," Pauline, in "The Lady of Lyons"; Kate Hardcastle, in 
"She Stoops to Conquer" ; "Camille" and "Antony and Cleopatra." In March, 1890, 
she made her first Australian tour, in which she added "La Tosca" and "Margaret 
Gautier" to her roles. From Australia she went to India, China and Japan, Mr. 
Bellew still being her leading man. She then returned to London, and after playing 
a short season, in which she appeared in "Charlotte Corday," "Hero and Leander" 
and "Francillon. After another American tour she went, in 1897, to Australia for 
the second time. She returned to London the same year, to appear at the Haymarket 
as Miladi, in "The Musketeers." In 1901 she created the role of Calypso, in Stephen 
Phillips's "Ulysses." 

In 1904 she leased the Savoy Theatre, London, and produced there, with Gilbert 
Hare, dramatic versions of "Pagliacci" and "Cavalleria Rusticana." The venture 
was a failure, and the result for her was financial disaster. She separated from her 
husband early in her professional career, and, in 1903, the courts of New York dis- 
solved the marriage. They had one child, whose custody was given to Mr. Potter. 



POTTER, PAUL M., playwright, was born in Brighton, England, June 
2, 1853,, and began life as a newspaper man. From 1881 to 1887 he was 
on the staff of "The New York Herald" a? foreign editor, London corre- 
spondent and dramatic critic. He was afterward associated with "The 
Chicago Tribune." His first play was produced in May, 1889. Ft was "The City 
Directory." Since then he has written "The Ugly Duckling," in which Mrs. Leslie 
Carter took part, in 1890; "The World's Fair," in ^91; "The American Min- 
ister," for W. H. Crane, in 1892: "Sheridan; or, The Maid of Bath," for Sothern, 
in 1893; "Our Country Cousins," in 1893; "The Pacific Mail," for Crane, in 1894, 
and "The Victoria Cross," produced in 1894. He adapted "Trilby" for the Amer- 
ican stage, and it was first produced at the Park Theatre, Boston, March 13, 1896, 
with Wilton Lackaye and Virginia Harned in the principal parts. 

His other plays and the dates of their production are : "The Stag Party," 1896 ; 
"The Conquerors," 1898; "Under Two Flags," 1901: "The Red Kloof." 1902; 
"Notre Dame" and "The Schoolgirl," 1904. 

Mr. Potter's town address is Holland House, New York. 

POWER, TYRONE, actor, was born in 1866. His father, Harold Power, 
has long been identified with stage affairs in London, and his grandfather, 
Harold Power, who lost his life in the sinking of the steamer President in 
1841, was a well known Irish comedian. Tyrone Power made his stage 
debut November 29, 1886, at St. Augustine, Fla., as Gibson, in "The Private Secre- 
tary." Later he played with Madame Janauschek, and soon afterward became a 
member of Angustin Daly's company. For ten years he received the training that 
has made many actors famous, playing both minor and major parts in the New York 
productions of the noted manager. After Mr. Daly's death Mr. Power starred in 
Australia, and in July, 1902, he played a special engagement with Sir Henry Irving 
in London. The same year he played Judas Iscariot, in Mrs. Fiske's production of 

180 



"Mary of Magdala," at the Manhattan Theatre, making in that role one of the chief 
successes of his career. He next was starred by Charles Frohman as Ulysses, in 
his production of Stephen Phillips's drama of that name, at the Garden Theatre, 
New York. The season of 1904-'0o he supported Mrs. Leslie Carter in David 
Belasco's production of "Adrea." Mr. Power married Edith Crane, of Boston. 



POWERS, JAMES T., comedian, was horn in Xew York April 26, 1862. 
and educated at the puhlic schools there. He was a Western Union mes- 
senger boy for a time and alsc a clerk in a tea store. His first stage 
venture was with a minstrel troupe, which gave one performance in Mount 
Yernon, N". Y v and walked home. His next venture was at Long Branch. X. J.. 
where, in May, 1878, he did a knockabout song and dance in a variety hall. He 
then formed a partnership with James Carney and did vaudeville turns for two 

years. Then he played a season in stock at 
the Eighth Street Theatre. Xew York. 

In 1882 Mr. Powers played the Police- 
man in "Evangel ine." This was practically 
his first appearance as a comedian on the 
legitimate stage. Pie afterward played Chip, 
in "Dreams,"' with Willie Edouin. and 
Grimes, in "A Bunch of Keys." He went to 
London with Edouin the following year, and 
after a season at the Avenue Theatre toured 
with the Yokes family. He was in a revival 
of "Chilperic," at the Empire Theatre, Lon- 
don, and played the Emperor of Morocco, in 
the 1884-'85 pantomime of "Whittington and 
His Cat," at the Drury Lane Theatre. Re- 
turning to this country in 1885, he played 
Rats, in "A Tin Soldier," for two years, and 
in 1887 joined the Xew York Casino Theatre 
Company, his first part being Briolet, in 

"The Marquis." In this role he made his first big success. Succeeding roles were 
Parragas, in "Xadjy"; Jack Point, in "The Yeomen of the Guard"; Gravolet, in 
"The Drum Major," and Cadeaux, in a revival of "Erminie." 

Mr. Powers's first starring venture was with "A Straight Tip," in 1890. This 
was followed by "A Mad Bargain," "Walker. London," by J. M. Barrie, and "The 
New Boy," by Arthur Law, after which, in 1897, he joined the Daly musical 
comedy company, playing Augustus Biggs, in "The Circus Girl" ; the Chinaman, in 
"The Geisha," and Flipper, in "A Runaway Girl," in which part he made one of 
the chief successes of his career. More recent plays in which he has been featured 
are "The Messenger Boy" and "The Jewel of Asia." The seasons of 1905-'06-'0? 
he played in "The Blue Moon," under the management of the Shuberts. 




PROCTOR, F. F., vaudeville manager, is a native of Maine. He has been 
a leading manager of vaudeville for thirty-one years, and during that 
time has succeeded in obtaining control of a great number of the promi- 
nent vaudeville artists who make tours of the United States. He began 
business in a small way, but gradually extended his connections, until in 1890 he 
was in control of a circuit of twelve leading theatres in all parts of the country, 

181 



which enabled him to make long engagements with his artists, a fact, which, of 
course, gave him a hold on them season after season. 

In 1889 he built his theatre in 23d street, New York, just off Sixth avenue, 
and ran it as a legitimate house until 1892, when he changed its policy to the 
presentation of continuous vaudeville, on which lines it has been successfully run 
ever since. In 1895 he opened the Pleasure Palace in East 58th street and Third 
avenue, which is one of the largest theatres in the city. This house was built espe- 
cially for Mr. Proctor. In 1900 he obtained a lease of the Fifth Avenue Theatre, 
Broadway and 28th street, and this house has been managed by him since. In 1906 
he made a combination with B. F. Keith, his most formidable rival in the vaude- 
ville field, and his houses are all now under control of the Keith-Proctor syndicate. 
Among the theatres outside New York under the management of Mr. Proctor are 
Proctor's Theatre, in Albany; the new Griswold Opera House, in Troy; the Grand 
Opera House, Boston; Proctor's Opera House, in Hartford; Proctor's Opera House, 
in New Haven ; Proctor's Grand Opera House, in Bridgeport ; the Novelty Theatre, 
in Brooklyn, and Proctor's Grand Opera House, in Wilmington, Del. 



RANKIN, PHYLLIS (MRS. HARRY DAVENPORT), actress, is the 
daughter of McKee Eankin, and went on the stage when she was ten years 
old, as the child, in "Stormbeaten," with her father's company. She did 
not reappear until she was sixteen, when she played in "Sarah," at Wai- 
lack's Theatre, in New York. Then she joined the Eose Coghlan company, and 
afterward supported Mrs. John Drew in "The Eivals" and other old English com- 
edies. After gaining stage experience she rejoined her father in a play called 
"Cannuck," and then played in "The Danites" with him. She is the only woman 
who ever played the title role in "An Artful Dodger." When she was nineteen she 
married Harry Davenport, the actor. She created the part of Fifi, in "The Belle 
of New York," and in this she made a distinctive hit in London. She has since 
chiefly been seen in "Glad of It," "It Happened in Nordland," "Wolfville" and 
"Glittering Gloria." 



RANNEY, FRANK, actor, was born in Boston August 6, 1863. being the 
son of Eichard and Catherine Eanney. He founded the Hyde Park 
(Mass.) Dramatic Club in 1880, and appeared with that organization in 
many amateur performances. His first professional appearance was in 
the chorus of "Buddygore" at the Globe Theatre, Boston, under the management 
of John Stetson. His first important role was that of Eocco, in "The Mascot," with 
the Boston Gayety Opera Company. In the last twenty-two years he has been with 
only four managers John Stetson, George A. Baker, Bessie Bonehill and Henry W. 
Savage and has appeared in all kinds of parts in 125 comic operas in all sections 
of the country. He has been stage manager for Henry W. Savage for eight years. 

RAYMOND, MISS MAUD (MRS. ROGERS), comedienne, was born 
in Orchard street, New York, and educated in the public schools of the 
East Side. She made her first appearance on the stage with the Eice and 
Barton company, playing small parts, and afterward joined the Harry 
Williams Company, with which organization she stayed two years. After a season 
with J. J. Sullivan, in "Bill's Boot," she joined the Irwin brothers, after which 
she was with the Howard Athenanim Company and with Fields and Hanson. 

182 



Miss Raymond made her first marked success as Bolivar, in Donnelly and Girard's 
"The Rainmakers/' after which she joined Tony Pastor's company, playing a season 
of fifteen weeks, and then doing specialties in the vaudeville houses. 

In 1898 she joined the Rogers brothers, making her first appearance in "The 
Reign of Error." The following season, in "The Rogers Brothers in Wall Street," 
she forsook the German dialect "business," in which she had become popular, and 
was one of the first to make a specialty of ragtime songs. As Bozzy, the negro 
attendant in a manicure parlor, she was one of the features in "The Social Whirl/' 
at the Casino Theatre, Xew York, the season of 1905-'06, the song "Bill Simmons" 
being one of the specialties of her performance. 



RAYMONDS, MISS FRANKIK (MRS. DAVID HENDERSON), 
actress, was born in Salem, Mass., in 1874. When a child she evinced an 
aptitude for the stage, appearing in amateur theatricals, and finally at- 
tracted the attention of David Henderson, who, in 1890 was organizing 
a company for the production of Gilbert and Sullivan's "Gondoliers." She obtained 
a place in the chorus, and after a few weeks the management intrusted her with a 
small part. In the following year she played a part in the American Extravaganza 

Company, and before the season was over 
appeared as the principal boy and principal 
girl, which she continued to play for three 
rears. 

She then entered larger fields and has 
successfully played many parts, among them 
being Josephine, in "The Lottery of Love"; 
Susan, in "Held by the Enemy"; Edith, in 
"Young Mrs. Winthrop" ; Mrs. Echo, in "A 
Crust of Society" ; Susanne, in "A Scrap of 
Paper" ; Mrs. be Pevster, in "The Charity 
Ball"; Meg, in "Lord Chumley"; Belinda, in 
"Our Boys," and Sophie, in the musical 
comedy "A Country Girl." She also suc- 
cessfully played in the plays made famous by 
the late Rosina A r okes. 

The fall season of 1906 Miss Raymonde 
appeared in "The Society Policeman," sup- 
porting Guy Standing, under the Shubert 

management, opening at Atlantic City, N. J., on October 8, 1906. Miss Raymonde 
was married to David Henderson in November, 1896. 




REHAN, MISS ADA, actress, was born in Limerick, Ireland, on April 22, 
1860. She was brought to America by her parents, who settled in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., in 1865. In 1873 she made her first appearance on the stage, 
at Newark, N. J., as Clara, in "Across the Continent." The same year 
she made her first appearance on the New York stage, at Wood's Museum, in 
"Thoroughbred." In 18?3-'74 she was a member of the stock company at the Arch 
Street Theatre, Philadelphia, and in 1875 she joined the stock company at Barney 
Macauley's Theatre, in Louisville, Ky. In 1877 she was employed at Albaugh's 
Theatre, in Albany, X. Y., and in 1879 acted at the Grand Opera House, New York, 
as Mary Standish, in Augustin Daly's play of "Pique." In May of the same year 



183 



she appeared at the Olympic Theatre, Xew York, as Big Clemenee, and later as 
Virginie, in Augustin Daly's version of Zola's "L'Assommoir." On September 17, 
1879, Daly's Theatre was opened at the southwest corner of Broadway and 30th 
street, and Ada Rehan made her first appearance there, playing Nelly Beers, in 
"Love's Young Dream." Then began her long association with Augustin Daly as 
the leading woman of his company, a place she held until his death, and in which 
she gained her laurels as one of America's foremost Shakespearian actresses. In the 
next five years she appeared there in "Wives," "An Arabian Xight," "Divorce," 
"Needles and Pins," '"Cinderella," "Quits," "Royal Youth," "The Passing Regi- 
ment," "Odette," "The Squire," "She Would and She Would Xot," "Seven-Twenty- 
Eight," "The Country Girl" and "Red Letter Xights." On July 19, 1884, she made 
her first appearance on the London stage, at Toole's Theatre, the engagement lasting 
six weeks. This was the beginning of Augustin Daly's theatrical management in 
London. 

In 1885 she appeared as Sylvia, in "The Recruiting Officer"; Xisbe, in "A 
Xight Off," and Agatha Posket, in "The Magistrate," at its initial production. In 
1886 she played Mrs. Ford, in "The Merry Wives of Windsor" ; Xancy Brasher, in 
"Xancy & Co.," and made a tour abroad, appearing in London, at the Strand 
Theatre, for nine weeks, and in Paris, Hamburg, Berlin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liver- 
pool and Dublin. On January 18, 1887, Mr. Daly produced "Taming of the 
Shrew," for the first time in America with the Induction, and Miss Rehan gave 
her first performance of Katharine. On January 31, 1888, she made her first ap- 
pearance as Helena, in "A Midsummer Xight's Dream." The same year she played 
in "Taming of the Shrew" at the Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon. and 
appeared in Paris, p]dinburgh and Glasgow. The next year, 1889, was marked by 
her first performance of Oriana, in "The Inconstant," at Daly's Theatre, Xew York, 
and her first performance of Rosalind, in "As You Like It." In 1890 she appeared 
as Rosalind at the Lyceum Theatre, London, and in 1891 she played the role of 
Lady Teazle for the first time. That year she also officiated at the laying of tin- 
cornerstone of Daly's Theatre in London. The following year, on March 17, she 
appeared as Marian Lea in the first production of Tennyson's "The Foresters." at 
Daly's Theatre. Xew York, and in 1892 she appeared as Julia, in "The Hunchback.** 
In 1893 she appeared as Viola, in "Twelfth Xight," for the first time. 

On June 27, 1893, Daly's Theatre, in London, was opened. Miss Rehan acted 
there from June 27 to May 7, 1894. "Twelfth Xight" was presented one hundred 
and eleven times, and "The School for Scandal," with Miss Rehan as Lady Teazle, 
over fifty times. Thereafter she appeared as Julia, in "Two Gentlemen of Verona" : 
as Juliana, in "The Honeymoon"; in "The Countess Gucki" and in "Love on 
Crutches." She acted Beatrice, in "Much Ado About Nothing," for the first time at 
Daly's Theatre in December, 189fi, and Meg Merrlieg, in "The Witch of Ellan- 
gowan," in March of the following year. In 1897 she also appeared for the first 
time as Miranda, in "The Tempest," at Daly's Theatre, and made a tour abroad, 
playing at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, in Stratford-on-Avon, as Rosalind, 
and in Newcastle, Nottingham. Birmingham, Edinburgh, Glasgow. London, Liver- 
pool and Manchester. She began the season of 1898-'99 at Philadelphia, playing 
Roxane, in "Cyrano de Bergerac." After a tour she played Portia, in "The Mer- 
chant of Venice," fifty-three times at Daly's Theatre, Sidney Herbert playing Shy- 
lock. The season of 1899 she created the role of Catherine in Mr. Daly's production 
of "Madame Sans-Gene," and the role of Lady Garnet in the production of the melo- 
drama "The Great Ruby" by the same manager. 

When Augustin Daly died, on June 7, 1899, at the Continental Hotel. Paris, Miss 
Rehan. who had accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Daly abroad, was at his bedside, and 

184 



she was a passenger on the steamer which brought his body home. In Mr. Daly's 
will a part interest in the manager's Xew York and London theatres was bequeathed 
to the actress. She did not appear on the stage again until March. 1900. when she 
began, at Ford's Opera House, Baltimore, a tour which included thirty-one cities 
and lasted until May, her repertoire consisting of "Taming of the Shrew," "As You 
Like It," "The School for Scandal" and "The Country Girl." On Xovember 28, 
1900, she plaj^ed for the first time the role of Nell Gwynn. in "Sweet Nell of Old 
Drury," by Paul Kester, in Buffalo, and in December of the same year played the 
part at the Knickerbocker Theatre, Xew York. 

Her mother, Mrs. Harriet Crehan, died in 11)01 in her Brooklyn home. I"}) to 
the spring of that year Miss Rehan played her repretoire on tour, retiring from the 
stage at the end of her season until October, 1903, when she opened at Atlantic 
City in "Taming of the Shrew/' with Otis Skinner as IVtruchio and George Clarke 
as Sly. In January, 1904, she appeared as Katharine at the Lyric Theatre, Xew 
York : as Lady Teazle, and as Portia, Otis Skinner being the Shylock. The fall 
season of that year she opened a tour, with Charles Richman as leading man, at 
Xew Haven, and played a short engagement at the Liberty Theatre, Xew York, 
appearing there as Katharine and Lady Teazle. On May 20, 1905, she sailed for 
England, it being reported that she was suffering from appendicitis. She returned 
to Xew York, hut another severe attack of illness caused her to cancel her engage- 
ments and sail again to England. 

Her town house in Xew York is Xo. 164 West 93d street. 



RICE, EDWARD EVERETT, composer, playwright and manager, began' 
improvising on the piano when he was only eight years old. His first ap- 
pearance on the stage was in the role of Francisco, in "Hamlet," in Chi- 
cago, at a salary of $15 a week. He had risen to be second low comedy 
man when he decided that acting was not his forte. He went to Boston and there 
married on September 9, 1871, Clara E. Rich, a daughter of the theatrical manager ; 
Isaac B. Rich. 

Soon afterward Mr. Rice and J. Cheever Goodwin visited the Howard Athenaeum 
in Boston to see the Lydia Thompson Burlesquers. They decided that they could 
produce a better burlesque than the one they saw and set to work, Mr. Rice writing 
the music and Mr. Goodwin the text. The result was "Evangeline." It was pro- 
duced at Xiblo's Garden, Xew York, in July, 1874, with William H. Crane as Le 
Blanc, the notary, and made an immediate hit. Among the other actors who at 
various times played in this burlesque were Henry E. Dixey, Xat C. Goodwin, Sol 
Smith Russell, Willie Edouin, Louis Harrison, Laura Joyce, Sadie Martinot and 
Pauline Hall. 

After the enormous success of "Evangeline" Mr. Rice devoted himself to bur- 
lesque and produced "Adonis," in which Henry E. Dixey became famous; "Cin- 
derella at School," "Excelsior," "Fun on the Bristol," "Polly," "Hiawatha," "Seven 
Ages," "Horrors," "Robinson Crusoe," "Revels," "A Bottle' of Ink," "Babes in the 
Wood," "The Corsair," "Pop," "Red Riding Hood" and "1492," the last named 
of which ran for 487 nights in Xew York, at Wallack's and the Garden theatres. 
In many of these he collaborated with John J. Braham and others. On February 
15, 1900, in celebration of his completion of twenty-five years of management the 
managers of Xew York gave a testimonial for him at the Metropolitan Opera House, 
Xew York. The summer season of 1906 Mr. Rice revived at the Manhattan Beach 
Theatre one of his earlier productions, "The Girl from Paris." 

185 



RICE, MYRON B., manager, was born in East Saginaw, Mich., October 1. 
1864. He went to New York when he was twelve years old and became 
an office boy at the Grand Opera House. He soon became treasurer. The 
following season he went on the road as treasurer for Madame Modjeska. 
After two seasons with her he became treasurer for Charles Reid and William Col- 
lier in a play called "Hoss and Hoss." The following season he was manager for 
Edwin F. Mayo, in "Davy Crockett," then became treasurer for "Faust Up-to-Date," 
a musical comedy, in which Kate Castleton was the star. Henry E. Abbey then 
engaged him to take charge of the Sarasate and D'Albert concert tour for one 
season. Next year he was treasurer for Mrs. James Brown Potter and Kyrle Bellew, 
and, becoming manager for them, the following season met them in San Francisco 
with a company which he had organized in New York. The season lasted from 
Juh r until August of the following year. The productions were "Charlotte Corday" 
and "Therese." The following year Mr. Eice went as Mr. Abbey's representative 
with Sir Henry Irving, and remained in that capacity during the two seasons Mr. 
Abbe} 7 brought Sir Henry to this country. 

Mr. Rice then went into business on his own account, forming a partnership with 
William G. Smyth under the firm name of Smyth & Rice. Their first production 
was "My Friend from India," which enjoyed a worldwide reputation. This was 
followed by "The Man from Mexico," with William Collier as star. After a season 
of four years the firm of Smyth & Rice was dissolved, and Mr. Rice became manager 
of "The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Toy land'" companies, remaining with the 
latter until burned out at San Francisco after the earthquake. After that he asso- 
ciated himself with Colonel Edward A. Braden as general manager of his various 
theatrical enterprises. 

REYELLE, HAMILTON, actor, was born at Moorish Castle, Gibraltar, 
his mother being a Spaniard and his father a Swede. He went to Eng- 
land at an early age, and was educated there. His first stage engagement 
was with the company of the late Augustin Daly, at Daly's Theatre, New 
York, in "The Magistrate," he then being sixteen years old. He remained there 
five seasons, twice going abroad with the company. He left Mr. Daly to return 
to England, and played many leading r<3les with Mr. Beerbohm Tree at the Hay- 
market Theatre. He next appeared at the Drury Lane Theatre under the manage- 
ment of the late Augustus Harris, playing the juvenile leads in "Cheer, Boys, 
Cheer," and "The Derby Winner." After playing a season with Sir Charles Wynd- 
ham at the Criterion Theatre, he was engaged by Cyril Maude and Winifred Emery 
for a two years' stay at the Haymarket. His second visit to the United States was 
as leading man for Olga Nethersole. 

He was the original Jean Gaussin in the much discussed "Sapho." and was 
co-defendant with her in the suit brought to stop the production of the play in 
which the staircase scene caused such widespread discussion. The suit failed, and 
the production continued. He left Miss Nethersole's company after two years to 
become leading man for Mrs. Leslie Carter, in David Belasco's production of "Du 
Barry," in which he played De Cosse-Brissac. In 1905-'06 he again became leading 
man for Miss Nethersole. touring the United States with her and creating the 
original man's part in Hervieu's "The Labyrinth." His residence is at No. 6 
Biste street, South Kensington, London, S. W., but he also has apartments in Paris, 
spending his leisure time in the two cities. His chief diversions are painting and 
photography. He exhibits his photographic work yearly at exhibitions in Paris 
and London, and has won many medals and prizes. 

186 



RICHMAN, CHARLES J., actor, was horn in Chicago in 1870. After 
completing his education he studied law, but devoted most of his attention 
to amateur dramatic clubs, and when twenty rears old decided to adopt 
the stage as a profession. He went to New York and got an engagement 
as leading man with a travelling company playing melodrama. When the late James 
A. Herne produced "Margaret Fleming-" at the Fifth Avenue Theatre Mr. Eichman 
created the part of Philip Fleming, thus making his first New York appearance. 
He next played the Stranger, in "Hannele," and then became a member of A. M. 
Palmer's stock company during the season of 1894-'95, playing in ''New Blood/' 
"The New Woman" and "Esmeralda." He also supported Mrs. Langtry in '"Gossip." 
The following season Mr. Eichman was leading man of the Stockwell Stock Com- 
pany in San Francisco, opening in "Diplomacy." He then returned to New York 
and joined the Daly company, making his first appearance with that organization 
as Bruon von Neuhof, in "The Countess Glucki." On the death of Mr. Daly Mr. 
Eichman was engaged by Charles Frohman to support Miss Annie Eussell in "Miss 
Hobbs," playing the part of Wolff Kingsearl. In 1900 Mr. Eichman played the 
Prince Victor of Kurlaud with Annie Eussell, in "A Boyal Family," and then 
the Judge, in "Mrs. Dane's Defence" with the Empire Theatre Company. Early 
in 1901 he played Julian Beauclerc, in "Diplomacy." Mr. Eichman then starred in 
"Captain Barrington" and other plays and has been seen in a vaudeville sketch. 



ROBERTS, MISS FLORENCE, actress, was born in New York in 1871. 
At the age of seventeen she made her debut on the stage as a super in 
"Arrah-na-Pogue," at the Baldwin Theatre, San Francisco. In 1889, after 
a year of utility work, Miss Eoberts appeared as Helle, in "Clito," at the 
Baldwin Theatre. Soon afterward she was married to Lewis Morrison, and from a 
minor role in his "Faust" she became Marguerite. During the first popular regime 
of the Alcazar Stock Company in San Francisco Mr. Morrison and Miss Eoberts 
played "Faust" there, and the personal success of Miss Eoberts was so marked that 
she was made leading Avoman of the Alcazar Stock Company. As such she played 
the principal feminine roles in "Hamlet," "Bichelieu," "The Merchant of Venice." 
"Borneo and Juliet," "Yorick's Love," "The Master of Ceremonies," "Ingomar." 
"East Lynne," "Camille" and "Frederick the Great." Her most successful roles 
were Camille, Juliet, Portia, Ophelia, Parth.cn ia. La Tosca and Pesrgy, in "The 
Country Girl." 

Belasco and Meyes then starred her in a tour of the Pacific Coast in which she 
appeared in "Zaza," "Sapho," "Marta of the Lowlands," "The Unwelcome Mrs. 
Hatch," "Magda," "A Doll's House," "Giaconda," "Miranda of the Balcony" and 
"Tess of the D'TJrbervilles." In October, 1905, Miss Eoberts went under the man- 
agement of John Cort. manager of the Northwestern Theatrical Association. He 
produced "Ann La Mont," by Paul Armstrong, witli Miss Eoberts as star, at Salt 
Lake City, and followed it on January 28 at Denver with "Thje Strength of the 
Weak," by Alice M. Smith and Charlotte Thompson, which after a Western tour 
was produced at the Liberty Theatre, New York, on April 17. This marked Miss 
Eoberts's entry into New York as a star. In September, 1906, she went on tour 
with "The Strength of the Weak." 

Early in the fall of the same year her husband, Lewis Morrison, died after a 
brief illness. 

Miss Eoberts is an active member of the Actors' Fund. She is an expert whip. 
Her home is Morrison's Manor, Nepperham Heights, Yonkers, N. Y. 

187 










MISS ELEANOR ROBSON. 

(Photograph copyright by F. S. Clark, Detroit.) 



ROBSON, MISS ELEAXOK ELISE, actress, was born in Wigan. Lanca- 
shire, England, being the daughter of Charles an. I Madge Carr Robson. 
Following the death of her husband, the mother brought her daughter to 
America. It was not long before the blood of three generations of artists 
began to assert itself, and, placing her young daughter with the Sisters of St. Peter's 
Academy, Staten Island, the mother entered the theatrical profession, where she lias 
for many years, as Madge Carr Cook, held high and honored place. Miss Kobson 
was graduated from her school in 189? and started immediately for San Francisco. 
where Mrs. Cook was playing with the Frawley Stock Company at the California 
Theatre. The very day of Miss Robson's arrival the actress cast for the part of 
Marguerite Knox in "Men and Women" fell ill, and the youthful and inexperienced 
convent graduate was asked if she could undertake the role. She said she could, 
and she did. The result was a surprising and most remarkable triumph, one which 
fixed the future career of the already ambitious young woman. Her progress was 
rapid and most pronounced. Her inborn art. her youth, grace and beauty created 
a genuine sensation in the Pacific metropolis, and before the season was ended offers 
of more remunerative engagements began to pour in on her. 

Her second season she played leading parts with the Salisbury Stock Company 
in Milwaukee, and later with the stock company at Elitch's Gardens, Denver, then 
in the hej r day of its fame. On August 21. 181)9, she created the part of Bonita 
Canby, in Augustus Thomas's "Arizona," under Kirke La Shelle's management, at 
the Grand Opera House, Chicago, and won instant recognition. When "Arizona" 
was presented at the Herald Square Theatre, Xew York, Mrs. Sara Cowell Le 
Moyne was playing under Liebler & Co.'s management at Wallack's, and it was 
during this engagement that George C. Tyler arranged for his special single matine( 
presentation of Browning's "In a Balcony." Otis Skinner was the Xorbert and 
Mrs. Le Moyne the Queen, and it was hoped to obtain Miss Julia Marlowe for tin- 
part of Constance. Mr. Tyler had seen Miss Robson's work, however, and had 
great faith in her art, and so the part of Constance was, with Mr. La Shelle's con- 
sent, offered to and accepted by her. Her achievement was amazing, and a spring 
tour of Browning's "In a Balcony," with the same cast, followed. Miss Kobson 
passed under the management of Liebler & Co., where she has since remained. 

Her subsequent undertakings have always been of high grade, and her achieve- 
ments a theme of constant comment. She created the role of Flossie Williams, in 
"Unleavened Bread," and was the Mile, de la Yire to Kyrle Bellew's De Marsac in 
"A Gentleman of France." She was first starred by Liebler & Co. in "Audrey." 
She was the Juliet in Liebler & Co.'s famous all star cast of "Romeo and Juliet." 
with Kyrle Bellow as Romeo, Eben Plympton as Mercutio and W. H. Thompson as 
Friar Lawrence. Miss Robson's triumphs in London and America in the Israel 
Zangwill comedy "Merely Mary Ann" were phenomenal, the London success sur- 
passing that of any presentation by an American dramatic artist since Ada Rehan 
took that city by storm. Her Kate Hardcastle in the special production of "She 
Stoops to Conquer" will be long remembered. Her creations of last season in Jerome 
and Clyde Fitch plays will be witnessed by Xew Yorkers this season, for they are 
included in her extraordinary repertoire for the entire season's engagement at the 
Liberty Theatre, a repertoire in which are new plays by Edmond Rostand. Israel 
Zangwill, Jerome K. Jerome, Mrs. Humphry Ward. Louis X. Parker, Clyde Fitch, 
C. Haddon Chambers, Leo Ditrichstein, Eugene Presbrey. C. S. McClellan and 
other well known playwrights. Miss Robson's address is care of Liebler & Co., 
1402 Broadway, Xew York. 



189 



ROCKWELL, MISS FLORENCE, was born in St. Louis, Mo., July y, 
1880. Her parents, Theodore J. and Amanda Eockwell, were not con- 
nected in any way with the theatre, but her father was unusually gifted 
as a mimic, and from her earliest childhood Florence showed her dramatic- 
bent. What might be called her first public appearance was when as a child of four 
years her father lifted her to a table on the floor of the Merchants' Exchange, 
where she recited a repertoire of baby pieces for an applauding audience of St. Louis 

brokers. From that time on she was 
frequently facing the footlights in ama- 
teur performances, principally as a 
dancer, an accomplishment which she 
has always retained, and in which she 
has become very expert, although she 
has had little opportunity to make use 
of it in any of her roles. 

At the age of twelve her familv 
moved to New York and her mother 
placed her under the tutelage of Rose 
Eytinge with the idea that some day 
she might go on the stage. One after- 
noon when Thomas W. Keene was call- 
ing upon Rose Eytinge she spoke to 
him of the talented child she had been 
training. Mr. Keene expressed a desire 
to hear her read, and Florence went 
through some scenes from "Romeo and 
Juliet." The veteran actor was so im- 
pressed that a few weeks later he made 
Miss Rockwell an offer to play leading 
parts in his company. His managers 
scouted the idea that a child could play 
leading parts in Shakespearian reper- 
toire. But Mr. Keene had faith, and 

Miss Rockwell made her debut as Julie de Mortemar, in ''Richelieu," in Pittsburg, 
following it in the same week with Desdemona, Ophelia and Juliet. She was one of 
the youngest Juliets who ever played in this country, being fourteen years old, and 
she was advertised as a Shakespearian prodigy. Some of her St. Louis friends 
offered to back her as a star, but she declined. 

After the engagement with Mr. Keene Miss Rockwell appeared with James 
O'Neill as Ophelia, as Virginia, in "Virginius"; Julie, in "The Lyons Mail," and 
Mercedes, in "Monte Cristo." She created the part of Meg Ronalds, in Charles 
Kline's play, "Hon. John Grigsby," with Sol Smith Russell. Then came Mary 
Horneck, in Augustus Thomas's "Oliver Goldsmith," with Stuart Robson, in which 
Miss Rockwell made her first Broadway success. The following summer she played 
Camille at the head of a special company at the Tremont Theatre, Boston, her 
playing winning for her a high place in the esteem of the Boston public. She then 
joined Henry Miller's company, appearing with it in New York as Elizabeth 
Wilbur, in "Richard Savage," and Pamela, in "D'Arcy of the Guards," and in a 
variety of leading roles during Mr. Miller's summer stock season at the 
Columbia Theatre, San Francisco. She was then engaged by Klaw & Erlanger, 
playing first Clara J.. in George V. Hohart's farce, "John Henry," and later 
Hermia, in "A Midsummer Night's Dream," with Nat Goodwin. After playing the 

190 




heroine in Henry W. Savage's production of "Common Sense Bracket" Miss 
Rockwell was especially engaged to play Xora. in "A Doll's House/" supported by 
the Proctor company, at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, Xe\v York. 



ROBSOX, MISS MAY (MUS. ATGUSTUS II. BUOWX), actress, 
was born in Australia, the name of her parents being iiobison and her 
father being an officer in the British Xavy. A typographical error was 
responsible for Miss Robison becoming known as Hobson. She was edu- 
cated in Paris and Belgium. While she was still a girl she ran away from home 
and was married. A few years later she found herself a widow in New York, 
friendless, almost penniless and with three young children. Two died during her 
struggle with poverty. She made only a scant living by painting china and menu 
cards, and almost in desperation <he turned to the stage'. 

She had had absolutely no experience when she was engaged to play a small part 
in "The Hoop of Gold." a melodrama, under the management of Marbury and 
Overton, at the Madison Square Theatre. Xew York, in 1883, She made such a 
success of Tilly, a "slavey," that she was engage* 1 by Daniel Frohman for the 
Lyceum Theatre. Passing to the management of Charles Frohman. she remained 
with the Empire Theatre company for eighteen years, playing character parts in 
nearly all its productions, prominent among which wer:, Poulette. in "The Con- 
querors"; Miss Ashford, in "The Private Secretary": Artemise. in "A Xight's 
Session," and Veranda, in "Foregone Conclusions." 

Miss Robson, in addition to being an adept in the art of make-up, has more 
than once invented original effects in connection with her character acting, most 
notable among which were her "third leg," in "The Poet and the Puppets." and 
her "trick" wig, in "The Councillor's Wife." 

Miss Robson is the wife of Dr. Augustus H. Brown, a Xew York physician. 



ROMA, MME. CARO, actress and vocalist, was born in California, her 
father being a forty-niner, and has Italian, French, Spanish and English 
blood in her veins. She made her first stage appearance when she was three 
years old in Platt's Hall, San Francisco, and has been continuously be- 
hind the footlights ever since. She continued playing child's parts, principally in 
opera, until she was fifteen years old, studying music in the mean time, when she 
became the leader of the orchestra with the first "Cinderella" company in America. 
For a time while she was still in her teens she conducted a French opera company 
in a tour through Canada under the management of Tom Maguire. Her musical 
education was completed at the Xew England Conservatory of Music in Boston, and 
she then at once entered on her operatic career. She was the first prima donna of 
the original Castle Square Opera Company, organized by Henry W. Savage in 
Boston. Returning to San Francisco she joined the opera company at the Tivori 
Opera House and continued with it for several years, playing the chief parts in all 
the well known operas. While Grover Cleveland was President she was the soloist 
with the United States Marine Band. When Mascagni. in his memorable visit to 
this country, conducted a performance of his "Cavalleria Rusticana" at San Fran- 
cisco Mine. Roma was the Santuzza. For the last seven years she has been singing 
in grand opera in the Continental capitals. Just before her death Queen Victoria 
decorated Mine. Roma at Windsor Castle. Her best known songs are "Violets," 
"Resignation" and "Wandering One." She is the author of "Some Idle Moments." 
Residence, Lauderdale Mansions, Mai da Vale, London. 

191 



RING, MISS FRANCES, actress, really began her stage career with Julia 
Marlowe, from whom she received training and instruction. She left the 
Marlowe company to play with Amelia Bingham, in "The Climbers." An 
engagement with Charles Kichman followed, and this was succeeded by a 
role in George Ade's "The County Chairman." The seasons of 1905-'06 she had 
the stellar role in another Ade comedy, "The College Widow." 



ROGERS, GUS and MAX (THE ROGERS BROTHERS), comedians, 
have always been so closely associated that it is practically impossible to 
separate them, even in a biographical sketch. They made their first pro- 
fessional appearance in a song and dance act at the National Theatre, on 
the Bowery, New York, in 1885. It was four years later when they first appeared 
as Dutch knockabout comedians at Tony Pastor's Theatre, New York, where thei r 
act made such a success that they stayed the entire season. After seasons with 
Tom Miaco's City Club Company, Eeilly and Wood, and Hart's Boston Novelty 
Company, they returned to Tony Pastor. 

They first organized their own company in 1893, and after a season on the 
road were again seen at Pastor's. A season with Field and Hanson followed. In 
1905 they were a feature of Donnelly and Girard's farce comedy "The Rain 
Makers." In 19 they first appeared at Koster & Bial's, in New York, and the 
following year they created the leading comedy parts in "One Round of Pleasure," 
at the Knickerbocker Theatre, New York. In 1898, as joint stars, they started in 
"vaudeville-comedies" especially written for them by John J. McNally, the first of 
which was "A Reign of Error." This was followed by "The Rogers Brothers in 
Wall Street." The seasons of 1906-'07 they appeared in "The Rogers Brothers in 
Ireland." 

RYLEY, MADELINE LUCETTE (MRS. J. H. BYLEY), playwright, 
was born in London, England. She first was an actress, and made her first 
appearance on the stage at the age of fourteen. For several years she 
played with provincial companies on tours. Tiring of this, she decided to 
try her hand at playmaking. Her first effort was a comedy for Nat C. Goodwin 
called "An American Citizen," produced in 1890. Since then she has written 
twenty-seven plays, all of which have been successful from a business point of view. 
Among them are "Christopher, Jr.," written for John Drew; "Lady Jemima," 
"Valentine Days" and "A Coat of Many Colors." She is the wife of J. H. Ryley, 
the comedian. 



ROSENFELD, SYDNEY, playwright, was born in Richmond, Ya.. on 
October 26, 1855, and educated in the public schools. Going to New York 
in early life, he engaged in literary pursuits and became the first editor 
of "Puck." His first play, "A Possible Case," was followed by "Imagina- 
tion," "The Club Friend," "The Politician," "A Man of Ideas" and "A House of 
Cards." His first great success was "The Senator," in which W. H. Crane first 
appeared as an individual star. He wrote "The Lady or the Tiger" and "The 
Mocking Bird," a light opera, in which Mabelle Gilman starred ; "The Passing 
Show" and "The Giddy Throng," for the Casino Theatre, and "The King's Car- 
nival," "The Hall of Fame" and "The Vanderbilt Cup," the last named of which 
was produced at the Broadway Theatre, New York, in the spring of 190(5. and in 

192 



which Elsie Janis first became a star. Mr. Rosenfeld also adapted "The White 
Horse Tavern," "The Two Escutcheons,'' "The Black Hussar" and "Prince 
Methusalem." He is one of the chief promoters of a plan for a national theatre. 



ROSS, THOMAS W., actor, made his first appearance on the stage in 1892 
with the Boston Museum Stock Company and remained with that organiza- 
tion until its dissolution. Then followed a thirty weeks' season with the 
Grand Opera House Stock Company, of Boston. The seasons of 1895 and 
1896 he spent in Denver and Kansas City. Then he became a member of the stock 
company of the Avenue Theatre. Pittsburg. Penn., playing, among other parts, 
Tony Lumpkin and Bob Acres. On the reorganization of that company, which was 
transferred to the Grand Opera House, Mr. Ross was engaged for leading light 
comedy and juvenile roles. At the Park Theatre, Brooklyn, in the revival of 
"Trilby," he was cast for Little Billee, with Henrietta Crosman as Trilby. Among 
his successes during the last few years have been the roles of Augustus Keen Shaver, 
in "My Friend from India"; Tweenways, in "The Amazons"; Hypocrite Caromel, in 
"Nerves," "and John Baristock, in "His Excellency the Governor." He made his 
chief success as a star in "Checkers," and the season of 1906 played Robert Rand 
in the Cohan play "Popularity," which opened at Wallack's Theatre October 1. 



RUSSELL, MISS ANNIE (MRS. OSWALD YORKE), actress, was 
born in Liverpool, England, in 1864 and taken to Canada when a little 
child. She made her first public appearance as Jeanne, in "Miss Multon," 
with Rose Eytinge at the Academy of Music, Montreal. At the end of a 
season Miss Russell went to New York and joined Haverly's Juvenile "Pinafore" 
Company as a member of the chorus. A few months later she was singing Josephine. 
She later appeared as the little boy, in "Rip Yan Winkle." with Robert McWade, 
and as Little Eva, in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." 

After a tour to the West Indies and when only fifteen years old Miss Russell 
made a big success in "Esmeralda," by Frances Hodgson Burnett, at the Madison 
Square Theatre, New York, playing the part there 350 times and nearly a thousand 
times altogether. 

Miss Russell was married to Eugene Wiley Presbrey, then stage manager of the 
Madison Square Theatre, New York, in Buffalo November 6, 1884. Thirteen 
years later she obtained a divorce. 

After playing in "Pique," "Confusion" and "Hazel Kirke" she joined A. M. 
Palmer's Madison Square Theatre Stock Company. She played the ingenue roles 
and made marked successes as Lady Vavir, in W. S. Gilbert's "Broken Hearts"; 
Sylvia, in "Our Society," and Elaine, in George Parsons Lathrop's adaptation of 
Tennyson's "Idylls of the King." She also played in "Moths," "Engaged" and 
"Sealed Instructions." Two years later Miss Russell was compelled to retire by 
illness, and from 1889 to 1894 she was lost to the stage. Early in 1891 a monster 
benefit was held for her, the performance, at Palmer's Theatre, New York, netting 
$5,000 for her. She made her reappearance, fully recovered, under the manage- 
ment of Charles Frohman, in A. M. Palmer's company at Wallack's Theatre, New 
York, in the spring of 1894 in the leading part in Sydney Grundy's "The New 
Woman." This was followed by "Lethe's Dream" and Rosalind, in "Romeo's 
First Love." 

The following season she was leading woman for Nat Goodwin, in "David Gar- 
rick." "Ambition" and "In Mizzoura." There followed in succession star appear- 

193 



auces in Bret Harte's "Sue" and as Betty, in "The Mysterious Mr. Bugle/' and sup- 
port of Sol Smith Russell, in "A Bachelor's Romance." After playing in the one act 
play "Daingerfield, '95," and a special matinee of "The Scenario," Miss Russell went 
to London in 1898 and played "Sue" and "Daingerfield, '95," at the Garrick, meeting 
with much praise. She returned to the United States at the head of her own 
company the same year and appeared as Catherine, in the play of that name. The 
season of 1899-1901 she starred in "Miss Hobbs," at the Lyceum Theatre, New 
York, for five months; 1901-'02 in "The Royal Family," which held the Lyceum 
stage for six months, and 1902-'03 in "The Girl and the Judge," which ran until 
1904 at the old Lyceum. The season of 1904-'05 she appeared in "Mice and 
Men" and "Brother Jaques," at the Garrick Theatre, Xew York, and in "Jinny, 
the Carrier," at the Criterion. In 1905 she again went to London, "playing the 
title role in Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara." On March 27, 1904, Miss Russell was 
married to Oswald Yorke, an English actor. 

RUSSELL, MISS LILLIAN LEONARD, light opera prima donna and 
actress, was born in Clinton, Iowa, December 4, 1861, her father, Charles 
E. Leonard, being the proprietor and editor of "The Clinton Weekly 
Herald," and was christened Helen Louise Leonard. Her mother, Mrs. 
Cynthia Leonard, was well known as a woman's rights advocate. In 1865 her family 
moved to Chicago, where she was educated in the Convent of the Sacred Heart, and 
studied vocal and violin music. Her first performance as an amateur was, as a pupil, 
in Chickering Hall, Chicago, on which occasion she sang two songs. While she was 
singing in the choir of St. John's Episcopal Church, Chicago, she was studying 
singing with Madame Jennivalh', who encouraged her in her ambition for the grand 
opera stage. She went to Xew Y r ork and studied further for grand opera under the 
late Dr. Damrosch. It was in 1879 that she made her first appearance on the stage, 
Mrs. William E. Sinn prevailing on her to appear in the chorus of Edward E. Rice's 
"Pinafore" company for the sake of the stage experience. The engagement lasted 
only two months, but resulted in the marriage of Miss Leonard to Harry Braham. the 
musical director of the company. She then retired from the stage, but soon sought 
it again, and obtained an engagement from Tony Pastor, who offered her $50 a week 
to sing ballads in the old Tony Pastor Theatre, in Broadway, Xew York, opposite 
Xiblo's Garden, after hearing her sing in a theatrical boarding house where he had 
called on a woman playing at his theatre. He suggested the stage name of Lillian 
Russell for his new recruit, and she adopted it. 

Miss Russell relates that on the first night she appeared at Pastor's Theatre she 
sang in a trance, not knowing what occurred from the time she went on until she 
reached her dressing room. Nevertheless, her appearance was a much talked of suc- 
cess. Her songs were "The Kerry Dance," "Twickenham Ferry" and other ballads 
of a like nature. She next appeared with Pastor's burlesque companies, in "Olivette" 
and "The Pirates of Penzance," and in his condensed version of "Patience." After 
singing under the management of Colonel John A. McCaull at the Bijou Opera 
House, New York, October 21. 1881, as D'Jemma, in "The Snake Charmer," Miss 
Russell made a tour to the Pacific Coast with a company managed by Frank Sanger, 
singing leading light opera roles. After a season's concert tour she made her first 
appearance at the Casino, Xew York, in 1884, a? Constance, in "The Sorcerer." The 
role of Prince Raphael, in "The Princess of Trebizonde," followed at the same 
theatre. During this engagement, on May 10, 1884, at Hoboken, X. J., Miss Russell 
was married to Edward Solomon, the leader of the Casino orchestra, having been 
divorced from Mr. Braham four days previously. With her husband Miss Russell 

194 




MISS LILLIAN RUSSELL. 

( Photograph copyright by Falk.) 



then went to London, where they remained for two years, Miss Russell appearing 
there in two operas written for her by her husband, "Virginia," at the Gaiety 
Theatre, and "Polly," at the London Novelty. While they were there Solomon was 
claimed as husband by Lillie Grey, a music hall singer, and he and Miss Russell 
separated, she returning to the United States in 1886 and joining the Duff Opera 
Company, with which she remained for two years. 

She then resumed her place at the head of the New York Casino forces, singing 
Eielka, in "Nadjy"; Pepita, in "Pepita"; Dorothy, in "Dorothy"; Anita, in 
"Queen's Mate"; Florella, in "The Brigands"; Grand Duchess, in "The Grand 
Duchess" ; Harriett, in "Poor Jonathan" ; Theresa, in "The Mountebanks" ; Girofle- 
Girofla. in "Girofle-Girofla," and Rosa, in "The Princess Nicotine." On January 
22, 1894, she was married, in Hoboken, N. J., to Giovanni Perugini (John Chatter- 
ton), the tenor of "The Princess Nicotine" company, her marriage to Mr. Solomon 
having been annulled, she receiving the custody of their daughter. The season of 
1897-'98 Miss Russell, who had previously separated from Signor Perugini. appeared 
with Delia Fox and Jefferson De Angelis at the Casino, in "The Wedding Day." 
The next season she played in "La Belle Helene." The seasons of 1899-1900 she 
was a member of the Weber & Fields stock company at their New York music hall. 
Her last appearance was in 1905, in the opera "Lady Teazle," founded on Sheridan's 
comedy. The fall season of 1906 she starred in a comedy without music, called 
"Barbara's Millions." Miss Russell's home is No. 161 West 57th street, New York. 



SABEL, MISS JOSEPHINE (MRS. DAVID SABEL), actress and 
vaudeville singer, was born in Lawrence, Mass., of French parents. She 
made her stage debut in 1887, playing in comic operas and farce comedy 
until 1893, when she went into vaudeville, opening at the Imperial Music 
Hall, now Weber's Theatre, New York. Since then Miss Sabel has been continuously 
in vaudeville, and has popularized many songs. 



SAXE. TEMPLER (TEMPLER EDWARD EDEVEAIN), actor and 
singer, was born at Redhill, Surrey, England, in 1866. being the son of 
Eaton Edeveain, barrister-at-law, and his wife. Lady de Capelbroke. He 
was educated at Brussels and Bonn universities. Having studied singing 
under Neville Hughes, of London, he made his first appearance as the Blacksmith, in 
"Tally Ho!" at Mr. and Mrs. Gerran Reed's Entertainment, St. George's Hall, 
London, in 1886. He then joined the Carl Rosa light opera company, playing 
Ruffino, in "Paul Jones," and understudying Agnes Huntington in the title part. 
In 1888 he understudied Harden Coffin and played the principal part in the opera 
"'Margery" in the English provinces. He next played in "Miss Decima," known in 
this country as "Miss Helyett," and played the baritone parts in "Tom Brown," at 
the Criterion Theatre, London, in 1891. and in "Morocco Bound" in 1892. 

He then went to South Africa and played fifteen parts in light operas during a 
season of six months. Returning to England, he played in "The Gaiety Girl" three 
consecutive seasons. He then created the part of Felix McAlister, in "On the 
March," at the Prince of Wales's Theatre, London, and played in "All Aboard," at 
the Court. He played the Marquis, in a revival of "The Chimes of Normandy," and 
played in "Billberry of Tilbury," at the Criterion. He then starred in the English 
provinces in "Paul Jones," and after a season singing ballads in vaudeville houses 
he came to this country in August, 1901, making his first appearance the following 

196 



month in ""The Ladies' Paradise," at the Metropolitan Opera House. After an 
engagement in "The Chaperons." with Frank Perley, he resumed his part in "The 
Ladies' Paradise," then called "My Antoinette." 

He then played his old part in "Morocco Bound/' following that with his first 
big success in this country as Lieutenant Hardy, in "The Sultan of Sulu," which ran 
six months at Wallack's Theatre, New York. He created the baritone part in "An 
English Daisy," at the Casino, and Piff, in "Piff, Paff, Pouf," at the same theatre. 
The season of 1905-'06 he played the Hon. Crewsboodle, in "The Earl and the Girl." 
He is a member of the Savage, Eccentric, Green Room, Playgoers' and Xational 
Sporting clubs, of London, and the Green Room Club, Xew York. 



SAYRE, THEODORE BUliT, playwright, was born in Xew York Decem- 
ber 18, 1874. He was educated at the L'niversity Grammar School, and 
was graduated from the New York College of Pharmacy in 1892. He had 
made his mark as a writer of novels before he produced his first play, "The 
Wife of Willoughby," at the Lyceum Theatre, Xew York, in 1896. The following 
year his "Charles O'Malley" was produced at Washington. D. C. His plays since 
then have been "Two Rogues and a Romance," produced in 1898 at St. Louis ; "The 
Son of Carleycroft," at Boston, in 1900; "A Classical Cowboy," 1900; "Manon 
Lescaut," 1901, at Wallack's Theatre, Xew York: "Tom Moore," at the Herald 
Square Theatre, X"ew York, and "The Bold Sojer Boy," at the Fourteenth Street 
Theatre, in 1903. Mr. Sayre's latest work is "Eileen Asthore," written for Chauncey 
Olcott and produced at Saratoga August 16, 1906. Mr. Sayre married Laura Helen 
de Gumoens April 6, 1904. 

Mr. Sayre's home is Xo. 116 West 141st street, Xew York. 

SEABROOKE, THOMAS QUIOLEY, comedian, was born in Mount 
Vernon, X. Y., October 20, 1860. He attended the public schools there, and, 
when eleven years old, obtained employment at the East Chester Xational 
Bank. He was afterward teller in the banking house of J. M. Masterson & 
Co. He made his first appearance on the stage, September 11, 1880, at Westerly, 
R. 1., as Bertie Cecil, in "Cigarette," a play founded on Ouida's novel "Under 
Two Flags." He next played with Helen Coleman, in "The Widow Bedotte," and, 
in 1882, was in a stock company at Halifax, Xova Scotia. The following season he 
played the detective, in "Rooms to Rent," and the following year John Mandamus, 
in "Irish Aristocracy." He made his first Xew York appearance at the Academy of 
Music in the same part, the fall of 1882. In July, 1883, he married Elvia Crox, an 
actress. The season of 1883-'84, Mr. Seabrooke played juvenile lead with Jeffreys 
Lewis, in "The Ruling Passion," and throughout a stock season at the Baldwin 
Theatre, San Francisco. After supporting Barney McAuley for a time, as a member 
of George Holland's company, Mr. Seabrooke played his first comedy role. It was 
in "Ten Nights in a Barroom." 

Dashing into the field of farce comedy, he made hits in "Two Bad Men" and 
"Aphrodite." He then created the part of Oleo Masherine, in "Keep It Dark." In 
1886 he was seen in Hoyt's "A Tin Soldier," and in 1888 he was with Kate Castle- 
ton, in "A Paper Doll." In November of that year he made his first appearance in 
comic opera, as General Knickerbocker, in "The Little Tycoon." He then created 
the part of Deacon Tidd, in "The Midnight Bell," February 18, 1889. The following 
year he became a star, in the comic opera "The Fakir." In 1900 he was with De 
Wolf Hopper, in "Castles in the Air." Mr. Seabrooke made his first great success 

197 



in "The Isle of Champagne/' which was produced in May, 1892, and ran for nearly 
three years. "Tobasco" was Mr. Seabrooke's next opera, produced in Boston, in 1894. 
This was followed by a farce, called "A World of Trouble," and "The Speculator." 
He then appeared in "Yankee Doodle Dandy/' in "Erminie," in "The Bounders," 
in "Piff, Paff, Pouf," and in the spring of 1906 he was in "The Alcayde," produced 
in Chicago. The fall season of 1906 he played in a sketch with Pauline Hall, in the 
vaudeville houses. 



SCHEFF, MADAME FKITZI (MADAME YON BABDELEBEN), 
grand and comic opera prim a donna, was born in Vienna, her maiden name 
being Anna Scheff Yager. Her mother. Hortense Scheff, was a prima donna 
at the Imperial Opera House, Vienna, and her father, Dr. Yager, a physi- 
cian of the Austrian capital. When she was five years old Miss Yager sang in a 
church choir, and when she was eight years old was spoken of as a prodigy. After 
completing vocal study at Dresden and Frankfort she made her stage debut in the 
latter city as Juliet, in "Romeo and Juliet." Her success was instantaneous. 
After singing prima donna roles in "Faust," "CaA alleria Rusticana," "La Boheme" 
and "Mignon" for t\vo years in Frankfort she went to Munich and there Maurice 
Grau heard her. He offered her thirty thousand marks a year to sing in New York 
and she signed a three years' contract with him. making her first American appear- 
ance at the Metropolitan Opera House as Marzelline, in "Fidelio," on December 
28, 1900. 

That season she appeared as a Rhine Maiden, in "Rheingold" and "Gotter- 
dammerung" ; as a Valkyr, in "Walkure" ; as the unseen Forest Bird, in "Siegfried'" ; 
Zerlina' in "Don Giovanni," and Musetta, in "La Boheme." The following season 
she was the Cherubino of "The Marriage of Figaro," the Papagena of "The Magic 
Flute," the Nedda of "Pagliacci." and the Asa of Paderewski's "Manru." During 
the interval between these two seasons Fritzi Scheff became the wife of Baron Fritz 
von Bardeleben, a German captain of hussars, to whom she had been engaged for 
two years. The barrier to their marriage had been the rule that an officer cannot 
marry unless his wife brings him a large dowry. He finally decided to give up 
the army for a bride. 

When it became known that Maurice Grau was to give up the management of 
the Metropolitan Opera House Charles B. Dillingham made Fritzi Scheff an offer 
to star in comic opera under his management. She accepted and made her debut 
in that field at the Broadway Theatre in November, 1903, as Babette, in the opera 
of that name, by Harry B. Smith and Victor Herbert. The next season she ap- 
peared in "The Two Roses," a musical version of "She Stoops to Conquer," by 
Stanislaus Stange and Ludwig Englander. This proving a failure, Mr. Dilling- 
ham revived for her a series of the old light operas, Lecoq's "Girofle-Girofla" and 
Von Suppe's "Boccaccio" and "Fatinitza" being among them. In 1905-'06 she ap- 
peared in "Mile. Modiste," by Henry Blossom and Victor Herbert, finding in it her 
chief success a? a comic opera prima donna. 



SCOTT. CYRIL, comedian, was born at Banbridge, County Down, Ireland. 
February 9, 1866, and came to the United States with his parents at an 
early age. He made his first appearance on the stage in August, 1883. in 
Paterson, N. J., in "The Girl I Love; or, The Diamond Mystery." He had 
previously, as a schoolboy, performed as a minstrel, and it was at the suggestion of 
a dramatic critic of a New York newspaper Avho had seen him in "black face" that 

198 



he sought a stage career. He played two roles in his first engagement, one of 
them that of a negro, and received $3 a week and his board. His second engage- 
ment was with Minnie Maddern, in "Caprice." at -$15 a week. When that play 
passed into the hands of the Frohman brothers, Charles, Daniel and Gustave, they 
retained Mr. Scott and advanced his salary to $30 a week. From that time on his 
rise was rapid. In 1884, 1885 and 1886 he played with Minnie Maddern in "In 
Spite of All" and "Caprice/' and the season of 1S8G-"8T appeared with Kichard 
Mansfield in "Prince Karl" and other plays. 

The following season he played with Lotta in ''Pawn Ticket 210" and "The 
Little Detective," and in 1888-'89 supported F. II. Sothern in "Lord Chumley." 
"The Highest Bidder" and "The Minister of Woodbarrow." The following season 
he joined the Lyceum Theatre stock company, prominent among his many roles 
being those in "Sweet Lavendar" and "Old Heads and Young Hearts." Charles 
Frohman then engaged him for his stock company, and with that organization Mr. 
Scott played in "Men and Women," "The Lost Paradise." "The Councillor's Wife," 
"The Girl I Left Behind Me," "The Younger Son," "Sowing the Wind." "The 
Luck of Eoaring Camp" and "The Gudgeons." Then followed seasons with Mrs. 
Leslie Carter in "The Heart of Maryland," "My Friend from India" and "Lost, 
Strayed or Stolen." He then entered liie musical comedy field and immediately. 
became one of the most popular and successful singing comedians of the day. roles 
with Augustin Daly's company in "The Circus Girl," "The Geisha" and "Runaway 
Girl" being his principal successes. Later engagements were with Anna Held in 
"Papa's Wife," in "The Lady Slavey," "The Casino Girl" and "Florodora." The 
season of 1905-'06 he returned to legitimate comedy to make one of the greatest 
successes of his career in "The Prince Chap." which had a long run in New York. 

Mr. Scott married Louise Eissing. prima donna of the Henderson Extravaganza 
Company. His home is at Bayside, Long Island. 

SHANNON, MISS EFFIE (MRS. HERBERT LAMB), actress, was 
born in Cambridge, Mass., her father being a native of Portsmouth, X. H. 
She made her first appearance on the stage as a child, in a crowd of "supers/' 
in John McCullough's revival of "Coriolanus," at the Boston Theatre. Her 
first speaking part was Little Eva, in a production of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," at 
the Howard Athenaeum, Boston. In a tour of the company through New England 
she was billed as "La Petite Shannon." Afterward Miss Shannon played children's 
parts with Lawrence Barrett, and she was also in the chorus of a children's "Pina- 
fore" company. Ida Mulle being the Josephine and Fritz Williams the Sir Joseph 
Porter. 

Miss Shannon's mother then took her to New York, where she finished her edu- 
cation, -and then played a small part in "The Silver King." She made her first 
success as Rose Leyburn. in "Robert Elsrnere," with Robert Mantell, at the Union 
Square Theatre, New York, after which she joined the Augustin Daly company, 
remaining with it a year and a half. In 1887 Miss Shannon became a member of 
Daniel Frohman's Lyceum Company and made successes as Kittie Ives, in "The 
Wife"; Kate, in "The Idler," and Bess, in "The Charity Ball." 

Miss Shannon was married to Henry Guy Carleton, the playwright, April 10, 
1890. She obtained a divorce about three years later and became the wife of 
Herbert Kelcey (Lamb), the actor. Miss Shannon played Dora, in "Diplomacy," 
with Rose Coghlan in 1893, and afterward supported Mrs. Langtry, in "Gossip," 
and Olga Nethersole. She then became joint star with Mr. Kelcey, in "The Moth 
and the Flame," which ran several seasons. 

199 



SH AW, GEORGE BERNARD, playwright, was born in Dublin, Ireland, 
July 26, 1856. He went to London in 1876 and became a prominent 
Socialist and an art critic, writing for "The World" and Henry Labouchere's 
"Truth." He published four novels between 1880 and 1883, named "The 
National Knot," "Love Among the Artists," "Cashel Byron's Profession" and "An 
Unsocial Socialist," in addition to many pamphlets on Socialism published by the 
Fabian Society, and later philosophical essays, "The Quintessence of Ibsenism" ana 
"The Perfect Wagnerite." He wrote weekly articles on music in "The London 
Star" and "The World" and articles on the drama in "The Saturday Review." 

He has written many plays, the first to attract attention being "Arms and the 
Man," produced by Richard Mansfield in New York in 1894. Since then his plays, 
some of which have been prohibited for stage production, have been of a character to 
make them unique in the literature of the stage. Among them are "Mrs. Warren's 
Profession," produced by Arnold Daly in 1905, which was taken from the boards 
after one performance in New York; "The Admirable Bashville," "How He Lied 
to Her Husband," "Man and Superman." "Cleopatra," "Candida" and "The Devil's 
Disciple." 

Mr. Shaw is a vegetarian. He is a member of the London Borough Council. 
St. Pancras division. His home is at No. 29 Fitzroy Square, London, W. 

SHAW, MISS MARY, actress, was born in Boston, being the daughter of 
Levi W. Shaw. She was graduated from the high schools there and for a 
short time taught in the public schools. At this time she took part in 
several amateur dramatic performances. Desiring to become a professional 
actress, she obtained a letter of introduction from John Boyle O'Reilly to Dion 
Boucicault. She obtained an engagement to play Chorus in an extravaganza at 
the Boston Museum, and in this part made her first appearance on the professional 
stage through a trap in the floor. She remained two years with the Boston Museum 
company, after which she was engaged by Augustin Daly and played at his theatre 
for a season. She supported Fanny Davenport. For four years she was leading 
woman with Madame Modjeska and attracted much attention as Queen Eliazbeth, in 
"Marie Stuart." 

After a season as leading Avoman with Julia Marlowe, during her first 
starring tour, Miss Shaw starred in "A Drop of Poison/' an adaptation from the 
German of Oscar Blumenthal. She then played in "A Night's Frolic," a farce, in 
which Helen Barry was starred. In 1893 Miss Shaw was seen as Rosalind, in 
a Professional Woman's League production of "As You Like It," at the Garden 
Theatre, New York. Following this Miss Shaw played Marion, in Mrs. Fiske's 
production of "Tess of the D'Urbervilks." She afterward created the part of Roxy, 
in "Puddin' Head Wilson," with Frank Mayo; played a season with Joseph Jeffer- 
son and starred with Eben Plympton and Edmund Collier in a Shakespearian 
repertoire. 

In 1898 she made the greatest success of her career as Mrs. Alving, in Ibsen's 
"Ghosts," playing the role first in New York at the Manhattan Theatre. She 
starred for thirty-seven weeks in that pla}-, going through the country as far West 
as Colorado. She thus was the first American actress to introduce the work of the 
Norwegian playwright to the general American public. In 1899 the International 
Congress of Women, convening in London, selected Miss Shaw to speak at St. 
Martin's Town Hall in Trafalgar Square on "The Stage as a Means of Livelihood 
in America." She was one of a hundred American women invited to a banquet at 
Windsor Castle by Queen Victoria that summer. In October, 1905, she played 

200 



Mrs. Warren, in Bernard Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession," at its initial per- 
formance in America at the Garrick Theatre, New York. In the spring of 190(5 
she was starred by the Shuberts in ''The Love That Blinds.*' 
Her Xew York address is No. 108 West 45th street. 



SHATTUCK, MISS TRULY (MRS. STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS), act- 
ress and singer, was born in an adobe house, adjoining the old Mission Church 
of San Miguel, in San Luis Obispo County, California. July 27, 187(5. Her 
maiden name was Clarice Etrulia de Bueharde. She made her first appear- 
ance on the stage as a member of the chorus, at the Tivoli Opera House. San Fran- 
cisco, her first salary being $8 a week. Miss Shattuck made her first Eastern success 
in the part of Mephisto. in "Little Faust." under the management of William Parry, 

which ran sixteen weeks at the Manhattan 
Beach Theatre and at I lammerstein's Olyiu- 
pia. Xe\v York, the summer of 185)."). After 
a season in vaudeville she played in "'The 
English Daisy'' for twelve weeks, at Weber 
& Fields's. New York. 

Again going into vaudeville, she played 
a season, in 185)5). at the Winter Garden, 
Berlin. Germany, and the season of 15)00 she 
was in "The American Beauty/' in London, 
England, with Kdna May. She joined the. 
Cohan and Harris forces, on returning to 
this country, and played with them three suc- 
cessive seasons, appearing in "Little .Johnny 
.Tones," "George Washington. .Ir." and "The 
Governor's Son." 

Miss Shattuck was married to Stephen A. 
Douglas. November 15. 15)00. Her favorite 
pastimes are yachting and motoring. She 

owns a 72-foot yawl, the Dolauradora, and an electric Stanhope automobile, which 
she runs herself. Miss Shattuck'' s town address is Xo. 181 West End avenue. 




SHEEHAX, JOSEIMI F., grand opera tenor, was born in Boston, where, at 
the age of fourteen, he had gained prominence as a boy soprano through 
his singing in church choirs. In 1892, while he was leading tenor at St. 
Joseph's Cathedral, Boston, Thomas Q. Seabrooke made him an offer to join 
the "Isle of Champagne'' company. Mr. Sheehan accepted, but he remained with 
the company only one season, leaving it to appear with the Bostonians, in "Robin 
Hood," "Prince Ananias" arid "The Maid of Plymouth." The following season he 
sang in "Rob Roy.'' He next sang the leading tenor role in Smith and De Koven's 
"The Mandarin," and at the end of that engagement became a member of Henry 
W. Savage's Castle Square Opera Company. With this company he has made his 
chief success in singing grand opera in English, his most prominent roles being in 
"I Pagliacci," "Cavalleria Rustic-ana," "II Trovatore," "Faust," "Lohengrin," 
"Romeo and Juliet," "A'ida" and "La Boheme." 

October 15, 1906, Mr. Sheehan sang the role of Lieutenant Pinkerton. in the 
first production in English of Puccini's Japanese opera "Madame Butterfly," at 
the Columbia Theatre, Washington, D. C. 



201 



SIDNEY, FRED. W., actor, playwright and stage manager, was born in 
England, being the son of the late William Sidney, for many years stage 
manager of the Adelphi Theatre, London. After wide experience as actor 
and stage manager in England Mr. Sidney came to this country in 1887. 
He made his first appearance here with Mrs. James Brown Potter at the Fifth 
Avenue Theatre, New York. This was followed by an engagement at the Boston 
Museum for the run of "Harbor Lights." Mr. Sidney made his first marked 

success as a stage manager in this country 
with his production of "The Scarlet Letter" 
for Richard Mansfield at Daly's Theatre, 
New York. 

Mr. Sidney has acted in many companies 
here, his last engagement being with W. A. 
Brady in support of Miss Grace George. 
Mr. Sidney is the author of "Her Evil 
Genius," a comedy drama produced by 
Maude Banks; "Wig and Gown," played by 
the late Rosina Yokes; "A Loving Legacy," 
produced at the Strand Theatre, London: 
"A Queen of Hearts," a musical comedy 
played by John Mason and Marion Manola, 
and the farce comedy, "The Brixton Burg- 
lary," produced at Terry's Theatre, London, 
and afterward at the Herald Square The- 
atre, New York. 

Mr. Sidney married Vida Croly, daugh- 
ter of Mrs. J. C. Croly, the writer known as "Jennie June." They have a daughter 
twelve years old. Mr. Sidney divides his time between this country and England, 
usually spending his summers at Siasconset, Mass. 




SITGREAVES, MISS BEVERLY, actress, made her first appearance on 
the stage with Agnes Herndon, at the Union Square Theatre, in 1888, in 
"The Commercial Traveller's Bride." The following year she joined the 
Rosina Yokes Company, playing leading juvenile parts. Since then she has 
supported such stars as Richard Mansfield, Mrs. Bernhard-Beere and Sadie Martinot. 
Among her greatest successes have been the baroness, in "A Parisian Romance" ; the 
housekeeper, in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," and the heroine, in "Work and Wages." 
She was also in "The Resurrection," with Blanche Walsh. Miss Sitgreaves was last 
seen in Henry W. Savage's production of "The Stolen Story," which played a brief 
season at the Garden Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1906. 



SEYMOUR, WILLIAM, stage director, was born in New York December 
19, 1855. He began his stage career as an actor of boy parts at the 
Varieties Theatre, New Orleans, in 1862, and remained there until 1869. 
He was call boy at Booth's Theatre from 1869 to 1871, and then went to the 
Globe Theatre, Boston, for a season. From 1872 to 1875 he was stage manager of 
the Varieties Theatre, New Orleans, and with Lawrence Barrett, and was with 
A. M. Palmer for two years at the Union Square Theatre, New York. From 1877 to 
1879 he was stage manager of the California and Baldwin's theatres, San Fran- 
cisco, and then became stage director at the Boston Museum, a place he occupied 

202 



ten years. In 1890 he became manager for Abbey. Scboeffel & Gran, of the Tremont 
Theatre, Boston, staying there nine years. One season he was general manager 
with Maurice Grau at the Metropolitan Opera House. Xew York. He next became 
associated with the productions of Charles Frohman. whose general stage director 
he has been since June 1, 1904. 

Mr. Seymour married May, a daughter of E. L. Davenport and sister of Fanny 
Davenport, January 8, 1882. 

Mr. Seymour is a member of The Players, Xew York. His home is at South 
Duxbury, Mass. His business address is Empire Theatre, Xew York. 

SILL, WILL F AM RAYMOND, manager, was born in Hartford, Conn.. 
September 29, 1869, being the youngest child of George Griswold Sill, 
ex-Governor of Connecticut. He was educated in Hartford, and attended 
Amherst College for a short time, but, left there to become a reporter on 
"The Hartford Telegram." Soon afterward he established "The Winsted Citizen." 
the first daily newspaper in Litchfield Count}', Connecticut. In 1888 he went to 
Minneapolis as an editorial writer on "The Tribune." Two years later he became 

managing and dramatic editor of "The Daily 
Xews," St. Joseph, Mo. In 1890 lie was sent 
to Europe as the representative of various 
publications to write his impressions of the 
Passion Play at Oberammergau. In 1891 
, he became a reporter on "The Xew York Re- 
corder." He then went to Venezuela as a 
correspondent for several newspapers during 
the Crespo revolution, and visited the Maroon 
Indians, in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica, 
writing many magazine articles regarding 
them." In 1895 "The Xew York Journal" 
commissioned Mr. Sill to go to Cuba and 
write several articles regarding the operations 
of the insurgent armies under Gomez and 
Antonio Maceo. An interview with the then 
Captain-General, Martinez y Campos, pub- 
lished in "The Journal," made it advisable 
for Mr. Sill to return post haste to this 

country, which he did in a tug by way of Pensacola. When the Spanish-American 
War became a certainty Mr. Sill was sent to the island of St. Thomas, Danish 
West Indies, with "The Journal's" yacht Anita, and was practically held prisoner 
for several weeks by the Spanish gunboats. Later Mr. Sill cabled to his paper the 
first account of Admiral Sampson's bombardment of San Juan, Porto Rico. The 
next month he witnessed the destruction of Cervera's fleet. 

Mr. Sill was dramatic editor and critic of "The Xew York Evening World" for 
several years, until he became personal representative for Stuart Robson. Upon 
Mr. Robson's death he was the representative of Marie Cahill on her first starring 
venture. Then he entered the employ of Weber & Fields as their representative 
at the Globe Theatre, in Boston, and also was manager of the tour of Charles Rich- 
man in "Captain Barrington" and of the musical comedy "An English Daisy," both 
enterprises financed by Weber & Fields. When Weber & Fields undertook their 
transcontinental tour Mr. Sill was their general representative, and when Joseph 
Weber and Lew Fields dissolved partnership Mr. Sill became manager for Mr. 

203 




Fields and remained with him for two years, until, in 1906, he became associated 
with Alfred E. Aarons in his various enterprises. 

Mr. Sill is the author of numerous lyrics and has written several vaudeville 
sketches. He is married to Frances Hanlon, daughter of Edward Hanlon, of the 
Hanlon Brothers, and has one child, Frances Rosemary, horn September 13, 1905. 



SLOANE, ALFRED BALDWIN, composer, was born in Baltimore, Md., 
in 1872. He is of English, Irish and French extraction, and, although 
nearly all his family had been musicians, his parents discouraged musical 
ambitions in the boy. and he was sent to work in a wholesale dry goods 
store. There he surreptitiously composed all manner of music-, jotting down the 
tunes on the bottoms of boxes. Coon songs he wrote 1 on button boxes and comic 
opera ensembles on larger underwear boxes. This habit caused him to lose his 

position, and for some time he tried all 
sorts of occupations, including the sec- 
retaryship to a cemetery company. 

Mr. Sloane had formed the Paint 
and Powder Club of Baltimore, and 
the members produced an opera com- 
posed by him. This attracted atten- 
tion, and he was engaged to write "Ex- 
celsior. Jr.," for Edward E. Rice, which 
brought him into considerable promi- 
nence. He next wrote "Jack and the 
Beanstalk," for Klaw & Erlanger. He 
also wrote much of the music for the 
plays of the late Charles Hoyt. 

Other operas and musical comedies 
composed by Mr. Sloane are: "The 
Mocking Bird," in which Mabelle Gil- 
man starred; "Coming Through the 
Rye," "Broadway to Tokio," "Sergeant 
Kitty," for Virginia Earle; "Lady 
Teazle," for Lillian Russell, and "The 
Gingerbread Man," produced under the 
management of Colonel Braden. 

Mr. Sloane is a member of The 
Lambs and the Baton Club. His favor- 
ite recreations are tennis, baseball, golf 

and billiards. His home is at No. 202 West 79th street. His business address is 
No. 1402 Broadway, New York. 

SLEATH, HERBERT (HERBERT SLEATH SKELTON), actor, was 
born in 1870 and educated at Eton. After leaving school he was coached 
for the army, but the charm of travel seized him. and, being wealthy, he 
went to Texas and Central America and spent some time in mining and 
ranching. He returned to England and went on the stage, among his first parts 
being D'Alroy, in "Caste"; Clement Hale, in "Sweet Lavender," and Cattermole, 
in "The Private Secretary." In a short time he engaged in management, and pro- 
duced and plaj-ed for two years "What Happened to Jones," at the Strand Theatre. 

204 




He also shared in the management of the Adelphi, Olympic, Terry's, Avenue. Prince 
of Wales's and Vaudeville theatres, and appeared at the Haymarket, in "The Second 
in Command," and in "The Only Way." at the Lyceum, in 1900. In 1904 lie 
came to the United States with his wife, and they played a successful season in 
New York under the management of Charles Frohman. He devotes his leisure to 
horse racing, and has carried off honors as an amateur steeplechase rider. 



SKINNER, OTIS, actor, was born in Cambridge. .Mass.. -June <J<s. I8(io, his 
father being the Eev. Charles A. Skinner, a Universalist minister. He was 
educated in Hartford, Conn., and afterwards was a clerk in an office there. 
As an amateur he organized a dramatic and musical club, and, deciding to 
adopt the stage as a means of livelihood, he made his first appearance at Wood's 
Museum, in Philadelphia, October 30, 1ST 7. He played the part of Old Plantation, 
a negro, in a play called "Woodleigh," his salary being $8 a week. The following 
summer he. was in the stock company at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, 
where he supported John McCullough, Lawrence Barrett, John T. Raymond, 
Madame Janauschek and Mary Anderson. 

Mr. Skinner made his first appearance in New York in 1879, at Xiblo's, in "En- 
chantment." Then followed a short season with Edwin Booth, at Booth's Theatre, 
during which he made his first hit. as Francois, in "Richelieu." The season of 
1880-'81 Mr. Skinner was at the Boston Theatre, after which, he became leading- 
man for Lawrence Barrett for three seasons. In November, 1884, he made his first 
appearance as a member of Augustin Daly's company, in New York, in "The Wooden 
Spoon." He remained with the Daly company five years. 

After producing a play written by himself and his brother Charles, at the Grand 
Opera House, in Chicago, in the fall of 1889, Mr. Skinner became leading man for 
Edwin Booth and Madame Modjeska. who were then joint stars. Mr. Skinner then 
went to London, and appeared as Romeo at the Globe Theatre. Returning to this 
country he supported Helen Mather, and, in 1892-'93, was again with Modjeska. 

Mr. Skinner first became a star in 1894. He opened his season in Chicago, in 
"His Grace de Grammont." He also played two plays by his brother, "The King's 
Jester," and "Villon, the Vagabond," The fall of 1895 he was first seen as Hamlet, 
at the Grand Opera House, Chicago, then, after a season with Joseph Jefferson. Mr. 
Skinner starred in "Rosemary." 

Mr. Skinner appeared at Atlantic City, October 19, 1903, with Ada Rehan, as 
Petruchio, in "The Taming of the Shrew/' He also acted Shylock to her 
Portia, at the Lyric Theatre, New York, in February, 1904. Mr. Skinner has since 
starred at the head of his own company in a round of Shakespearian parts. 

In April, 1895, Mr. Skinner married Maud Durban, an actress. 



SMITH, EDGAR, playwright, was born in Brooklyn December 9, 1857. He 
made his debut as an actor at Booth's Theatre, New York, in "Julius 
Cassar," for the benefit of Frederick Warde. He played several engage- 
ments during the season of 1878-'? 9, and went to Daly's Theatre for the 
season of 1879-'80. He spent several succeeding years in St. Louis, and wrote 
there, in conjunction with Augustus Thomas, "Editha's Burglar" and "Combus- 
tion," playing in them during the season of 1884-'85 with an organization known 
as the Dickson Sketch Club. In 1885-'86 he was connected with the Patti Rosa 
company, and wrote for her a comedy drama. "Love and Duty." He wrote and pro- 
duced in Chicago during the summer of 1886 "Little Lohengrin," a travesty, and in 

205 



September, 1886, went to the Xew York Casino as librettist. He continued in that 
capacity, occasionally appearing as an actor in the productions at that theatre, until 
1892-'93. 

During that period he made adaptations of various foreign operas, among them 
"Xadgy," "Apollo," "The Brazilian," "The Grand Duchess," "Poor Jonathan/' "The 
Brigands," "Madelon" and "The Marquis" for the Casino, and wrote "You and I," 
in conjunction with Eichard F. Carroll, and "Spider and Fly" and various short 
travesties for M. B. Leavitt. Mr. Smith was with James T. Powers, in "Walker, 
London," and Thomas Q. Seabrooke, in "Tabasco," in the season of 1892-'93. Sub- 
sequent to that and prior to 1896 he wrote and produced "The Grand Vizier," "Miss 
Philadelphia" and "The Merry World," and adapted for America "The Girl from 
Paris," "The French Maid," "Monte Carlo," and "Hotel Topsy Turvy." 

In 1896 he went to the Weber & Fields Music Hall, and is still there, having 
written for that house "Pousse Cafe," "Hurly Burly," "Whoop-dee-doo," "Fiddle- 
dee-dee," "Whirl-i-gig," "Hoity Toity," "Twirly-Whirly," "Higgledy-Piggledy." 
"Twiddle Twaddle" and the burlesques "Con-curers," "Cleopatra," "Catherine," 
"Barbar Fidgety," "The Big Little Princess," "The Stickiness of Gelatine," "Ari- 
zona," "Quo-Vass-iss," "The College Widower," "The Squaw Man's Girl of the 
Golden West," "Sapolio," "The Humming Bird," "Onions," "Zaza," "Lord and 
Lady Algy," "Waffles," etc. Mr. Smith has also written and produced, since 1896, 
"Home, Sweet Home," a rural drama; "The Little Host/' a musical comedy, and 
"Sweet Anne Page," an opera, the two latter in conjunction with the 'late Louis 
De Lange. 

Mr. Smith's home is at Elmhurst, Long Island. He is a member of The Lambs, 
the Elks and the Mystic Shrine. 

SMITH, HARRY B., playwright, was born in Buffalo, X. Y., December 28, 
1860, and became a newspaper writer in his early years for "The Chicago 
Xewsletter," after which he became the dramatic and musical editor of "The 
Chicago Daily News." His first literary work for the stage was the libretto 
for "Eosito," produced by the Fay Templeton company. His next libretto was that 
of "The Begum," which was presented by the McCaull Opera Company a hundred 
and fifty nights. After that he wrote the librettos of "Boccaccio," "Clever," "The 
Crystal Silpper" and "Don Quixote," and then, in connection with Eeginald De 
Koven, who wrote the music, he produced "Eobin Hood," the most successful comic 
opera ever written in the United States. Since then he has written more than a 
hundred successful comic operas and musical comedies. His home is Xo. 329 West 
83d street, New York. 

SOTHERN, EDWARD HUGH, actor, was born at Xo. 79 Bienville 
street, Xew Orleans, La., December 6, 1859. He was the second son of 
E. A. Sothern, the famous English actor. When he was five years old he 
was taken to England and there educated with a view to his becoming a 
painter, his father being opposed to a stage career for his son. The buskin was in 
the blood, however, and in September, 1879, E. H. Sothern made his first appear- 
ance on the boards, at the Broadway Theatre, Xew York, playing the part of the 
cabman, in "Sam," and utterly collapsing with fright when he met his father on 
the stage. He, next appeared at the Boston Museum in small parts, and then played 
low comedy parts in John McCullough's company. 

After his father's death, in 1881, Mr. Sothern went to England, where for a 

206 



while he toured the provinces with his elder brother, Lytton Sothern. Returning 
to this country in 1883, Mr. Sothern went through a period of poverty, little 
relieved by the production of a farce written by him, which was first called "Whose 
Are They?" and played in Baltimore and for two weeks at the Star Theatre. Xew 
York, and then, under the title of "Domestic Earthquakes,'' by Harrison and 
Courley in Boston. 

Mr. Sothern was next seen in "Xita's First." under the management of Charles 
Frohman, after which he supported Estelle Clayton, in "Favette." From ls84 to 
1886 he supported Helen Dauvray. playing leading parts in "A Scrap of Paper." 
"Mona," "Met by Chance," "Peg Woffington," "The Love Chase" and '"One of Our 
Girls." His first engagement with Daniel Frohman was to play Jack Ham.mer.ton, 
in "The Highest Bidder," a light comedy, by the veteran English farce writers John 
Maddison Morton and Robert Reece. which had been found among the effects of 
Mr. Sothern's father. This was produced in the spring of 1881, and the same year 
Mr. Sothern starred in it, also producing "Editha's Burglar," which made a pro- 
nounced success. 

In the season of 1888 "Lord Chumley," written for Mr. Sothern by De Mille 
and Belasco, was produced at the Lyceum Theatre, Xew York, and for many years 
Mr. Sothern was the star of the stock company maintained there by Daniel Froh- 
man. The chief productions were "Captain Lettarblair," "The Maister of Wood- 
barrow." "The Dancing Girl," "The Victoria Cross," "The Way to Win a Woman," 
"Sheridan; or. The Maid of Bath," "The Prisoner of Zenda," "An Enemy to the 
King," "Change Alley," "The Lady of Lyons," "The Adventure of Lady Ursula," 
"A Colonial Girl," "The King's Musketeer" and "The Song of the Sword." 

Mr. Sothern made a pronounced success in "The Sunken Bell." an adaptation 
of Hauptmann's German play, produced at the Hollis Street Theatre, Boston, De- 
cember 22, 1899. and the following year, on September 17, 1900. he made his first 
appearance in New York as Hamlet. For the last two seasons Mr. Sothern. with 
Julia Marlowe, has been starring in a repertoire of Shakespearian plays. Mr. 
Sothern married Virginia Harned in Philadelphia December 3, 1896. She has 
been his leading woman for several years. His Xew York address is Xo. 37 
West 69th street. 



SOUSA, JOHN PHILIP, bandmaster, composer and author, was born in 
Washington, I). C., Xovember 6, 1854, his parents being Antonio and 
Elizabeth Sousa. His mother is still living in Washington at the age of 
eighty-one years. At eleven young Sousa appeared in public as violin 
soloist and at fifteen he was teaching harmony. In 1876 he was one of the first 
violins in the orchestra conducted by Offenbach when the latter visited America. 
Later he conducted for various theatrical and operatic companies, among them the 
"Church Choir Pinafore" company. In 1880 he was appointed leader of the band 
of the United States Marine Corps, the national band, and served in that capacity 
under Presidents Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland and Harrison until August 1, 
1892, when he resigned to organize the Sousa band, which up to June 1, 1896, had 
made twenty-eight semi-annual tours through the United States and visited Europe 
four times, giving a total of 7.140 concerts in 888 cities and covering 292.468 
miles of travel. 

As a composer he originated a march style that is recognized the world over, 
his best known and most popular productions in this field including "The Washington 
Post," "Liberty Bell," "Manhattan Beach," "High School Cadets," "The Stars 
and -Stripes Forever," "The Invincible Eagle," "Hail to the Spirit of Liberty," 

207 



"Hands Across the Sea," "The Charlatan," "The Bride-elect," "El Capitan," "King 
Cotton," "Imperial Edward," "Jack Tar," "The Diplomat," "Semper Fidelis" and 
"The Free Lance" marches. He has written a number of suites, among them 
"Three Quotations," "Looking Upward," "At the King's Court" and "Sheridan's 
Ride"; a symphonic poem, "The Chariot Race.'' and many songs and miscellaneous 
compositions. He wrote the scores of the comic operas "The Smugglers," "Desiree," 
"The Queen of Hearts," "El Capitan," "The Charlatan,'' "Chris and the Wonderful 
Lamp" and "The Free Lance," and the book and lyrics for "The Bride-Elect." 

He compiled, under the auspices of the government, "National, Patriotic and 
Typical Airs of All Countries," and has written miscellaneous verses, magazine 
articles and two novels, "The Fifth String" and "Pipetown Sandy." He appeared 
with his band before King Edward and Queen Alexandra at Sandringham and at 
Windsor, the King on the first occasion bestowing on him the decoration of the 
Victorian Order. He received the Grand Diploma of Honor of the Academy of 
Itainault, Belgium, and was decorated by the French Government with the Palms 
of the Academy, besides being made an officer of Public Instruction. He is a 
member of varioiis Masonic bodies, the Sons of Veterans, The Gridiron, Republican, 
Salamagundi and Dramatists' clubs, and The Players. He is fond of outdoor sports, 
being an expert rider and huntsman. 



SPARKS, JOSEPH M., actor, was born in Hartford, Conn., in 1856. His 
first stage work was as a boy in song and dance at a little variety theatre 
in Hartford, called Newton's Varieties. He had a partner and they appeared 
as the Sparks Brothers. In 1872 they joined a real travelling company and 
opened at Lynn, Mass., with Maffit and Bartholomew's pantomime company in 
"Flick and Flock." The next season they went into variety and played in the 
principal variety houses almost continuously until 1880, when they joined Tony 
Denier for a season with his "Humpty Dumpty" company. In 1882 they signed 
with Harrigan and Hart, and Mr. Sparks remained with Harrigan for eight seasons, 
during which term he was sent on the road as star in "Cordelia's Aspirations," 
"Dan's Tribulations" and "Squatter Sovereignty." Then he accepted an offer from 
Rich and Harris to join May Irwin's company, and later toured with his own com- 
pany in a play called "Mr. O'Reilly," by George Hobart. and afterward was with 
Klaw & Erlanger, in "A Little of Everything." The season of 1906 he was with 
Arnold Daly, and the fall season with Henr} r W. Savage's "The Stolen Story" com- 
pany. His home is Chester Hill, Mount Vernon. N. Y. 



SPONG, MISS HILDA, actress, was born in London May 14, 1875, being 
the daughter of W. B. Spong, a well known scene painter and artist. When 
thirteen years old she was taken to Australia by her parents, and she made 
her first appearance on the stage at the Criterion Theatre, Sydney, in 
"Joseph's Sweetheart," in 1890. Joining the Brough'-Boucicault company, she 
played a wide variety of parts until she rose to be leading woman of the organization. 
Returning to England, Miss Spong made her first appearance in London in "The 
Diichess of Coolgardie," at the Drury Lane Theatre, in 1896. She also played in 
"The Kiss of Delilah" and "The Two Little Vagrants." She created the part of 
Imolgen Parrott, in "Trelawney of the Wells," at the Court Theatre, London, in 
1898, and the same year made her first appearance in this country, in the same part, 
at the Lyceum Theatre, under the management of Daniel Frohman. The season of 
1898-'99 she was seen in "Americans at Home" and "An Amateur Rehearsal." and 

208 



as Mrs. Buhner, in "Wheels Within Wheels." In "The Ambassador" .Miss Spong 
played Lady Beauvedere. and at Daly's Theatre, March ^<>. 1899, she was success- 
ful in the leading part in "The Interrupted Honeymoon." At the same theatre, 
and still under Daniel Frohman's management. Miss Spong opened the fall season 
of 1900 in ''The Man of Forty," which was followed by "Lady Huntworth's Experi- 
ment." Miss Spong was first seen as a star in New York, at Weber's Theatre, in the 
fall of 190(3, opening as Lady Jemima Wilson, in "Lady Jim," a comedy by Harold 
Heaton, which did not prove a success. This was followed by "John Hudson's 
Wife," by Alicia Ramsay and Rudolph de Cordova, in which she played Honor. 



STARR, MISS SYLVIA (SALMON), actress, was born in Providence, R. I., 
September 1, 1879, a daughter of Alfred Salmon. As a child she gained 
some recognition as a reader, and she made her first professional appearance 
in a small part in "The Manderin Zune," under the management of D. W. 
Reeves, in Providence. R. 1., in 1897. Later she played the principal juvenile part 
in "The Lobster," with Fisher and Carroll, under the management of Edgar Seldon. 
After two seasons in vaudeville. Miss Starr made her first notable success as the 

\Vidow, in Hoyt's "Trip to Chinatown." 
This, and Hattie. in "A Stranger in New" 
York." she played the seasons of 1903 and 
1904. Lat<-r she played the leading woman's 
part in "A Son of Rest," with Nat Wills; 
Ladv Henry Fairfax, in "Diplomacy," with 
Miss Hose Coghlan, and second woman's 
parts with Byron Douglas in a stock company 
in Toledo. Ohio. The summer of 1906 she 
played Diana Hicks, in "Mam'zelle Cham- 
pagne." a musical comedy which had a long 
run on the roof of the Madison Square Gar- 
den, New York. On the first night of this 
production Miss Starr was on the stage sing- 
ing and playing her part, and witnessed the 
shooting and killing of Stanford White by 
Harry K. Thaw. Miss Starr comes from a 
good family in Rhode Island, and claims the 
distinction of having been descended from 







IL 



the first Governor of the State. 



STARR, MISH FRANCES, actress, was born in California in 1886, and 
made her first appearance on the stage as a member of a stock company, in 
Los Angeles. Going to New York, she joined F. F. Proctor's company at 
the Fifth Avenue Theatre, commencing with small parts and gradually 
working her way up through successive seasons, until she became leading woman. 
The season of 1905-'06 she played the principal role in "Gallops," with Charles 
Richman, at the Garrick Theatre, New York. There she attracted the attention of 
David Belasco, and the fall of 1906 she opened as leading woman with David War- 
field, in "The Music Master." 

When Mr. Belasco ceased to manage the business of Mrs. Leslie Carter, he took 
Miss Starr out of "The Music Master" and began training her to fill the gap left 
vacant by the secession of Mrs. Carter, and to make her a star in more than name. 



209 



STANFORD, HENRY, actor, was born in Ramleh, Egypt, where his father 
was advocate for the British Crown. He made his first stage appearances 
with small travelling companies in the provinces of England, playing reper- 
toire. Later he played juvenile leads in the large towns and such parts 
as Wilfred Denver, in "The Silver King"; David Kingeley, in "Harbor Lights"; 
Romeo. George D'Alroy. in "Caste," and Lord Beaufoy, in "School." He under- 
studied Sir Charles Wyndham at the Criterion Theatre, London, in "The Home 

Secretary," afterward playing Wyndham's 
part on tour. In 1897 he went to South 
Africa, playing leading parts in a repertoire 
of twenty-two London successes during a sea- 
son of twenty-six weeks in Johannesburg. He 
also played in Durban. Port Elizabeth, Mar- 
itzburg and Cape Town. 

Returning to London Mr. Stanford ap- 
peared as Dudley Kepple, in "One of the 
Best," at the Princess's Theatre, and was 
then engaged by Sir Henry Irving to play 
Olivier, in "'Robespierre," opening at the 
Knickerbocker Theatre, New York, in No- 
vember, 1900. He played Prosper Le Gai, in 
"The Forest Lovers," at the Lyceum Theatre, 
Xew York, with Bertha Galland, and in 
"Sweet and Twenty" at the Madison Square 
Theatre. In October, 1902, Mr. Stanford 
married Laura Burt, the actress, in New 

York. Mr. Stanford was re-engaged by Sir Henry Irving to play the title role in 
"Faust" at the Lyceum Theatre, London. He played at Drury Lane Theatre, 
toured America and remained with Sir Henry until his death in October, 1905. Mr. 
Stanford then returned to New York to play Prinzevalle, in "Monna Vanna," with 
Bertha Kalich. The season of 1906-'07 he starred jointly with his wife in "Dorothy 
Yernon of Haddon Hall." He is a member of The Players, New York. 




STANDING, HERBERT, actor, was born in Peckham, near London, in 
1846. He made his first appearance, under the name of Herbert Crellin, 
at the old Queen's Theatre, Long Acre, London, as Langford. in "Still 
Waters Run Deep," the part of Hawkesley being played by Charles Wynd- 
ham, under whose management Mr. Standing in after years made many of his 
principal successes. A provincial tour Avas followed by a three years' engagement 
at the Princess's. Then he joined the Lyceum company in 1871 to create the part 
of Christian, in the production by Sir Henry Irving of "The Bells." Later he 
became a member of the Criterion Company, in which he remained for more than 
ten years. Among his best impersonations were Sir Peter Wagstaffe, in "Pink 
Dominos"; John Penryn. in "Truth," and Captain MacManus, in "Betsy." After 
this he appeared in a number of comedy roles at the West End theatres and in 
"A Million of Money," at Drury Lane, in 1890. 

For the last decade he has been closely associated with the American stage, play- 
ing many important roles. September 10, 1906, he played Mr. Galland. in "The 
Dear Unfair Sex," produced at the Liberty Theatre, New York. 

Mr. Standing is the brother of W. T. Carleton. the well known operatic baritone, 
and the father of Guy Standing, the actor. 

210 



STANDING, GUY, actor, was born in England, his father being Herbert 
Standing, the well known English actor, who has won much success in Amer- 
ica. Guy Standing first attracted attention in New York in 1892, when he 
supported Mrs. Bernard Beere in her American debut, made on November 
14, 1892, at the Manhattan Theatre, in 34th street, which afterward became Koster 
& Bial's Music Hall. The season of 1893 he was a member of Loie Fuller's specialty 
company. Charles Frohman then engaged him, and he went on tour in "Sowing 
the Wind." In 1896 he supported Annie Russell, in "Sue,'' and the following season 
supported Maude Adams, in "The Little Minister," and was a member of the Empire 
Theatre Company. Then followed engagements in suppoprt of John Drew, Fay 
Davis and Mrs. Patrick Campbell. The fall season of 1906 he was starred by the 
Shuberts in "The Society Policeman." Mr. Standing has married twice. His 
first wife, from whom he was divorced, was Isabelle Urquhart. He then married 
Blanche Burton. 



SCHUMANN-HEINK, MADAME, grand opera prima donna, was born 
in Lieben, near Prague, July 15, 1861, her father being an Austrian major. 
Her maiden name was Ernestine Ressler. She was educated in the Ursuline 
Convent at Prague, where also she began her singing. Before she was 
seventeen years old she was engaged as principal contralto of the Dresden Court 
Opera, and she made her entrance on the stage October 13, 1878. as Azucena, in 
"II Trovatore." In the fourth year of her service at the Court Opera she was 
married to Herr Heink and left the stage. After a short retirement she reap- 
peared as Ernestine Heink in Hamburg, in the fall of 1883. Fame came to her 
in Berlin when she sang a star engagement at Kroll's Theatre, but Germany knew 
little of her powers until she sang at Bayreuth. She later was a member of the 
Metropolitan Opera House force in New York for several seasons. The season of 
1905-'06 she starred in a light opera, "Love's Lottery," by Julian Edwardes. 

In 1893 she was divorced from Mr. Heink and married Paul Schumann, an 
actor and stage manager. 



STONE, MISS AMELIA, actress and singer, was born in Detroit, Mich., in 
1879; was educated in the Detroit public schools, and received the ground- 
work of her musical education from a Detroit teacher, George Tyler. When 
fifteen years old her voice attracted the attention of Colonel Lou Burt, at 
that time Eminent Commander of Detroit Commandery No. 1, K. T., and he in- 
duced her to sing at several musical entertainments. The result of this was that 
she was engaged to sing at the Masonic Temple Roof Garden. Here she was heard 
by W. H. MacDonald, of the Bostonians, and was engaged for the part of Annabel. 
in "Robin Hood." Her next engagement was to play Little Billee in a burlesque 
of "Trilby." While singing this part the late Charles H. Hoyt engaged her for his 
"A Trip to Chinatown" company, and she went to Australia with the company. 
She was afterward leading woman in Hoyt's "A Stranger in New York" during 
the New York and London runs of that play. She made an impression in London, 
and was engaged to play Morgiana in the Drury Lane pantomime of "The Forty 
Thieves." Then she made a vaudeville tour of Europe. In 1900 she returned to 
the operatic stage, playing the Yienese dancing girl Franzi, in "Vienna Life," in 
which she was successful to a wonderful degree. More recently she was seen in 
"The Chinese Honeymoon" and "Piff, Faff, Pouf," at the Casino Theatre, New York. 

211 



SPENCER, MISS LUCY (MRS. CHARLES SARVER), actress and 
playwright, was born in Northampton, Mass.. June 7. 1884. She made her 
first appearance on the stage playing a small part in "Mary of Magdala," 
at the Manhattan Theatre. New York,, with Mrs. Fiske. The following 
season she played the ingenue part in "The Cavalier," and the season of 1904-'05 
she played Lady Jane, in "Becky Sharp," with Mrs. Fiske. She also played Tilda, 
in "The Rose," and Jean Ingomarach, in "The Proud Laird." She has also played 
ingenue parts in several summer stock companies and has published four songs. 

In 1905 Miss Spencer joined the staff of "The New York World" to write 
dramatic reviews and interviews. October 20, 1905, she was married to Charles 
Sarver, city editor of "The AVorld." She has since written several one-act plays, 
including "His Japanese Teacher." produced at the Carnegie Lyceum, and "Through 
a Glass Darkly." 



STEWART, WILLIAM G., baritone singer and actor, was born in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, in 1870. His father, N. Coe Stewart, in 1898 was Superintend- 
ent of Music in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio. William G. Stewart 
made his stage debut in the chorus of the Baker Opera Company. His first 
important role was that of Count Arnheim, in "The Bohemian Girl." He made his 
mark in roles in "Madame Favart," "Puritana" and "Amorita," in Pauline Hall's 
company, and was also prominent in the cast of Laura Schirmer-Mapleson's 
"Favette" company. For three seasons he played small parts in Augustin Daly's 
company, one season going with it to London. After appearing with Camille 
D'Arville, in "Madeleine; or, The Magic Kiss," and "The Daughter of the Revolu- 
tion," he joined the Castle Square Opera Company, becoming in time its general 
director as well as principal baritone. Of late years he has managed his own com- 
pany and produced grand opera in English at the Grand Opera House, New York. 



SUTRO, ALFRED, playwright, was born in London in 1858. He was 
educated at the City of Ixmdon School and at Brussels. He is the author 
of "Carrots," produced in England by Forbes-Robertson and played in this 
country by Ethel Barrymore ; "The Chili Widow," "The Cave of Illusion," 
"Ella's Apology/' "A Game of Chess," "The Gutter of Time," "Mr. Steinmann's 
Corner," "Women in Love," "Arethusa," "A Lovely Life," "A Marriage Has Been 
Arranged," "The Walls of Jericho," 1 produced at the Garrick Theatre, London, in 
1904, and afterward by J. K. Hackett in the United States: "A Perfect Lover,'" pro- 
duced in 1905 ; "The Fascinating Mr. Vanderveldt," produced in New York in 1906,, 
and "The Price of Money," produced at the Garrick Theatre, New York, in Septem- 
ber, 1906, with W. H. Crane in the star part. Mr. Sutro has translated several of 
Maeterlinck's books into English. His home address is No. 10 Russell- Mansions. 
Southampton Row, W. C., London, England. 



SULLY, DANIEL (SULLIVAN), actor, was born in Newport, R. L, No- 
vember 6, 1855. As a boy he became such an expert turner of handsprings 
that he obtained an engagement with Lentz's circus as a tumbler. He 
forsook the sawdust ring for the song and dance act, and toured the variety 
theatres until 1883, toward the latter end of this time writing sketches which met 
with favor. In 1884 he constructed a farce out of the "Peck's Bad Boy" stories. 
but, owing to a disagreement with Mr. Peck, he was compelled to abandon it. He 

212 



then rewrote an old English comedy called "The Chimney Corner." calling it "The 
Corner Grocery," and in this lie starred for the next live years, making of it a mosi 
successful venture. The comedy "Daddy Nolan," a sequel to "The Corner Grocery.''' 
was his next production, in 1885, and this was followed by "O'Brien, the Contractor." 
This he played profitably for five years. 

In 1899 he produced' "The Parish Priest." It was followed by "The Old Mill 
Stream," "The Chief Justice" and "Our Pastor" in 1904. 



Sl'MMEKS, MISS MADLYN JANE, actress and dancer, was born in 
New York. She is the daughter of Mrs. Emily Summers and Captain James 
C. Summers, who is yachting editor of "The New York Tribune." He was 
a volunteer officer in the United States Navy during the Spanish-American 
War, and is now an officer of the Old Guard, of New York. Her first engagement 
was with Klaw & Erlanger's "Ben Hur" company, at the Broadway Theatre, New 
York, in 1900. The same year she joined the New York Theatre company, dancing 

in "Broadway to Tokio." "The King's Carni- 
val" and other productions for two years. In 
November, 190^, Miss Summers was engaged 
by Mrs. Robert Osborn to appear as one of 
the six little dancing girls who supported 
Blanche King in "Tommy Hot," which had 
quite a successful run at Mrs. Osborn's play- 
house. In the summer of 190:5 she was en- 
gaged by Oscar Hammerstein to play the part 
of the little colored toe dancer in a piece of 
his own composition. Attracted by her 
clever dancing, Weber & Fields then engaged 
Miss Summers for the new production with 
which they opened their music hall in Sep- 
tember, 1903. In April, 1905, she was sent 
to Chicago by the manager of the "San Toy" 
company to fill the part of Pansy, which she 
played both in the West and at Daly's The- 
atre in New York. During the summer of 

1905 she played the part of Benuie, the newsboy, and >sang the cowboy song in the 
show under Mr. Werba's management at the Wistaria Grove the roof garden of 
the New York Theatre. Joining Joe Weber's company in the fall, she travelled 
with them all through the South as far as New Orleans, returning to open at their 
Music Hall on Broadway. She played Grouchy, the small cowboy, in "The Squaw 
Man's Girl of the Golden West." 




SUMMEBVILLE, MISS AMELIA (MRS. MAX STEFAN), actress, was 
born in Kildare, Ireland, being the daughter of Thomas Serby Shaw. Having 
been taken to Canada when a child, she was educated at the public schools in 
Toronto. She made her first appearance on the stage with Holman's Eng- 
lish Opera Company, in Toronto, when she was only eight years old. She was a ballet 
dancer in "The Black Crook" company for two years. When quite young she was 
married to Frederick Runnels. She obtained a divorce, and some years later she 
became the wife of Max E. Stepan, a singer, known as Max Eugene. 

Miss Summerville made her greatest success as Rosctta, the "Merry Little Moun- 

213 



tain Maid/' in "Adonis/' and for years she was associated with that part. She also 
attracted much attention as Baby Malone, in the opera, "Brian Boru." She played 
for a season the title role in "Trilby," and has also been seen in "The Merry World," 
"Cumberland, '61," in "Jane" and* in "The Cotton King." The season of 1905-'06 
Miss Summerville played Mrs. Shimmering in "The Earl and the Girl." Her New 
York address is No. 108 West 45th street. 



TEMPEST, MISS MARIE (MRS. C. COSMO GORDON-LENNOX), 
actress, was born in London July 15, 1862, being the daughter of Edwin 
and Sarah Etherington. She was educated at the Convent des Ursulines, 
Thildonck, Belgium, and studied music in Paris and at the Eoyal Academy 
of Music. London, where she took the silver medal for Italian and the gold medal for 
English singing. While a student there, and still in her teens, she married a young 
pianoforte student named Izard. A few years afterward Izard obtained a divorce 
and $50.000 damages for the alienation of his wife's affections from the late Henry 
J. Leslie, then lessee and manager of the Lyric Theatre, London. 

Miss Tempest made her first appearance as a prima donna of light opera at 
the Comedy Theatre, London, in "Boccaccio," in 1880. She afterward played in 
"The Fay o' Fire" at the Opera Comique and in "Frivoli" at the Drury Lane The- 
atre. In 1884 she made her first great success as Dorothy in the opera of that name 
by B. C. Stephenson and Alfred Cellier. This was first produced at the Gaiety 
Theatre by George Edwardes, where it fell flat. Henry J. Leslie then took a lease 
of the Lyric Theatre and starred Miss Tempest in the part. The result was a 
record breaking success. "Doris" and "The Red Hussar" followed. Then Mr. 
Leslie brought Miss Tempest and his entire company to this country, where she 
met with extraordinary personal success and he with financial failure. 

Under the title of the "Dresden China Prima Donna" Miss Tempest starred in 
"Carmen," "Mignon," "Manon," "The Fencing Master," "Vogelhandler" and "The 
Algerian." In 1895 she returned to England and appeared in "The Artist's Model" 
at Daly's Theatre, London, and in "The Geisha," in 1896 ; "The Greek Slave," in 
1898, and "San Toy," in 1899. In 1900 she forsook the comic opera stage for legiti- 
mate comedy, appearing as Nell Gwynn, in "English Nell" ; "Becky Sharpe" and, in 
1903, in "The Marriage of Kitty," an adaptation from the French by Charles 
Cosmo Gordon-Lennox a son of Lord Alexander Gordon-Lennox, brother of the 
Duke of Richmond who had become Miss Tempest's second husband. She after- 
ward toured this country with her own company in this play. During the season of 
1905-'06 she played "The Freedom of Suzanne" in London. 



TEMPLETON, MISS FAY (MRS. WILLIAM PATTERSON), 
comedienne, was born in 1865, her father, John Templeton, now editor 
of "The Tammany Times," New York, being well known as a theatrical 
manager at that time, and her mother, now Mrs. Alf. C. Whelan, of New 
York, a comic opera prima donna known on the stage as Alice Vane. As a child 
Miss Templeton was cradled in dressing rooms and whenever a baby was needed 
in the cast she was utilized. She was three years old when she made her stage 
debut, dressed as Cupid, and sang fairy songs, and four years later she made her 
first appearance in New York as Puck, in August in Daly's production of "A Mid- 
purnmer Night's Dream," at the Grand Opera House. In the four years intervening 
between those two appearances she had played, even starred, throughout the West 
and South in the Templeton Opera Company, managed by her father and in which 

214 



her mother also acted. From the Grand Opera House she went to San Francisco 
with her father's company, and there first began giving imitations and burlesques 
of prominent actors. 

She returned to New York again to appear at Niblo's Garden, spent half a 
dozen years in repertoire tours through the South and West and at the age of fifteen 
had become a light opera star of national standing. She was the first Bettina of 
"The Mascot" in this country. She succeeded Eliza Weathersby as Gabriel, in 
Edward E. Bice's "Evangeline," appearing in it at the Fourteenth Street Theatre 
in New York and playing the part for two years. 

When she was fifteen years old and while both were members of her father's 
company Miss Templeton had eloped with "Billy" West, the minstrel, and been 
married to him at Nashville, Tenn. They separated in two months and were 
divorced three years later. Following "Evangeline" she appeared in Bice's "Cor- 
sair" in New York. She met Howell Osborn, a man about town, who was known 
as "The King of the Dudes," and went to France with him. where they were mar- 
ried. The marriage was kept secret because Osborn's relatives had threatened to 
disinherit him if he married the actress and was only revealed at Osborn's death 
in 1895, when he bequeathed $100,000 to his wife. ]f was in 1<S<S7. after her mar- 
riage to Osborn. that Miss Templeton upset the theatrical world of London. She 
appeared in George Edwardes's production of "Monte C'risto. Jr.." and sang a song. 
"I Like It, I Do." The Lord Chamberlain. England's theatre censor, objected to 
the song and Miss Templeton's costume as improper. Mr. Edwardes discharged her. 
but she fought him in the courts and forced him to let her appear without a sash 
Avhich the Lord Chamberlain had stipulated she should wear and sing the inter- 
dicted song. After a period of absence from the stage which she spent abroad with 
Osborn she appeared at the Fourteenth Street Theatre, New York, in the burlesque 
"Hendrick Hudson : or, the Discovery of Columbus." This proving a failure, she 
again retired from the footlights. Her reappearance was in 1893, when she brought 
out "Mme. Favart." It was not until 1895, when Edward E. Rice engaged her 
for "Excelsior, Jr.." that she leaped again into popular favor. She next joined the 
Weber & Fields Music Hall Company and, devoting herself almost entirely to 
burlesque, took New York by storm. She left the music hall in 1899 to continue her 
success in "The Man in the Moon" and "Broadway to Tokio," produced at the New 
York Theatre, and also in the same season played a vaudeville engagement in which 
she first presented her imitation of Fougere, the Parisian chanteuse. 

On August 1, 1906, after ending her season in successful runs in New York and 
Chicago in George M. Cohan's "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway," Miss Temple- 
ton,, made her third matrimonial venture, being married on that date to William 
Patterson, a widower and wealthy manufacturer of elevator and conveying appa- 
ratus, of Pittsburg, at Bidgely Park. Penn. 



TERRY, MISS ELLEN ALICE (MRS. E. A. WABDELL), actress, 
was born in Coventry, England, February 27, 1848, being the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Terry, well known provincial actors and descendants 
of old theatrical stock. She first appeared on the stage at the age of 
eight, as Mamilius. in "A Winter's Tale," under Charles Kean, at the Princess's, in 
London. Some years later she joined the Bristol company of John Chute and 
acted with Madge Robertson, Henrietta Hodson and Kate Bishop. In 1863 she 
appeared at the Royalty and Haymarket theatres, London. In 1864 she married 
G. F. Watts, R. A., the celebrated artist, and retired for a time. A divorce fol- 
lowed, and she married E. A. Ward ell, a journalist. In 1867 she reappeared at 



the Queen's Theatre, in "A Double Marriage/' and in December of the same year 
played Katherine, in "Taming of the Shrew/' when for the first time she acted 
with Irving. 

In 1868 she withdrew from the stage for seven years, emerging again to play 
the part of Philippa Chester, in "The Wandering Heir/' by Charles Reed, at the 
Prince of Wales's Theatre. In 1875 she played Portia, in "The Merchant of 
Venice," with the Bancrofts, and subsequently went with John Hare to the Court 
Theatre, where she created the part of Olivia, in "The Vicar of Wakefield," and 
appeared in Lord Lytton's play, "The House of Darnley." She first appeared as a 
member of Henry Irving's company at the Lyceum in 1878 as Ophelia, and 
remained with him as leading woman up to 1902. Among the parts in which she 
has achieved fame are Desdemona, Portia, Lady Macbeth, Olivia, Beatrice, Mar- 
guerite, Imogene, Viola, Queen Katherine, Cordelia, Lucy Ashton, Xance Oldfield 
and Madame Sans-Gene. 

In 1904 she appeared at His Majesty's Theatre with Beerbolmi Tree, in "The 
Merry Wives of Windsor," in which Mrs. Kendal also took part, and in J. M. 
Barrie's "Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire," at the Duke of York's Theatre. In 1905 she 
made an extended provincial tour, and in 1906 she celebrated her stage jubilee, in 
which all London took part. She has visited the United States several times as 
leading woman for Sir Henry Irving. 

Miss Terry's home is Tower Cottage, Winchelsea, Sussex. England. 



TROUT MAX, MISS IVY, actress, was born and educated at Long Branch, 
N. J. Being ambitious for a stage career, she went to New York in 1902 
and succeeded in obtaining an engagement at Wallack's Theatre for a very 
small part in "The Last Appeal." She next appeared as one of Villon's 
boisterous companions, with E. H. Sothern, in "If I Were King." A short engage- 
ment with Grace George, in "Pretty Peggy," followed, and then for two years she 
supported Amelia Bingham, attracting attention by her acting of Miss Godesby, in 
"The Climbers." 

In the spring of 1905 Miss Troutman joined the Castle Square company in 
Boston, playing a large number of parts. The season of 1905-'06 she played Bessie 
Tenner, in "The College Widow,'' and in "Gallops," with Charles Richman. Her 
home is at Long Branch, where she is well known as an expert swimmer. 



THOMAS, AUGUSTUS, playwright, was born in St. Louis. Mo., January 
9, 1859, being the son of Dr. E. B. Thomas. He was educated at the 
public schools. He was a page boy of the Forty-first Congress, and after- 
ward, for six years, was a railroad worked. He then became a special 
writer for newspapers in St. Louis, Kansas City and Xew York. At one time he 
was the editor and proprietor of "The Kansas City Mirror." 

While in St. Louis Mr. Thomas, with W. F. Dickson, W. G. Smyth e, now a 
theatrical manager, and Edward Smith, the playwright, then a budding actor, 
organized the Dickson Sketch Club, and for that organization he wrote a one act 
play from Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett's story, "Editha's Burglar," in which he 
acted Bill Lewis, the burglar. Delia Fox made her first stage appearance at the same 
time as Editha. The success of this little play determined Mr. Thomas's career. 
He expanded it to three acts and E. H. Sothern starred in it under the title of 
"The Burglar." 

In 1890 Mr. Thomas married Lisle Colby, the daughter of John Colby, with 

216 



whom he had studied law, and thenceforth devoted himself to dramatic literature. 
He is the author of "Alabama," "In Mizzoura," played by Xat Goodwin ; "Arizona," 
"Colorado," "Man of the World," "Afterthoughts," "The Man Upstairs," "The 
Meddler," "Oliver Goldsmith," "On the Quiet," played ly William Collier; "A 
Proper Impropriety," "That Overcoat," "The Capitol," "Xew Blood;' "The Hoosier 
Doctor," "The Earl of Pawtucket," which brought Lawrance D'Orsay into promi- 
nence ; "The Other Girl," "Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots," "The Education of Mr. Pipp," 
for Digby Bell; "Jim De Lancey," played by John Drew, and "The Embassy Ball." 
He is a member of The Players and The Lambs and the American Dramatists' Club. 
His home is at Xew Rochelle, X. Y. 



TYLER, MISS ODETTE (MRS. R. I). SHEPHERD), actress, was 
born in Savannah, Ga., September 26, 1872. Her father was General 
William W. Kirkland, an officer in the Confederate army during the 
Civil War, her maiden name being Elizabeth Lee Kirkland. She was 
educated at Loretto Convent, Guelph, Ontario. When she was fourteen years old 
she made her first appearance on the stage, under the name of Odette Tyler, 
at the Madison Square Theatre, Xew York, under the management of Daniel 

Frohman. Two years later she played 
small parts on the road with Minnie 
Maddern, in "Caprice" and other plays. 
She played the leading part in the {pro- 
duction of "Shenandoah" in 1892. She 
was a member of Charles Frohman's 
stock company at the Twenty-third 
Street Theatre for five years, playing 
in "Men and Women," "The Lost Para- 
dise," "The Girl I Left Behind Me," 
"The Younger Son" and "The Coun- 
cillor's Wife," in the last named of 
which she played the title part and 
made her first pronounced success. 

She also supported Xat Goodwin for 
a season in Boston, playing in "Colo- 
nel Tom." She starred in "Phroso" 
under the management of Charles 
Frohman. Miss Tyler, in conjunction 
- y with her husband, has recently ap- 

jfajj. \ peared at the head of her own com- 

J^ panies, the season of 1905-'06 main- 





taining a stock repertoire company at 
Washington, D. C. 

On April 1, 1897, Miss Tyler be- 



came the wife of Rezin Davis Shep- 
herd, of Shepherd stown, W. Va., who has adopted the stage as a profession and 
plays under the name of R. D. MacLean. They own a magnificent country estate 
of a thousand acres, called Wild Goose, at Shepherdstown, which was named after 
Mr. Shepherd. Miss Tyler is the author of "Boss: A Story of Virginia Life," 
many magazine stories and the play "Red Carnation," which was produced in Xew 
York. 

The season of 1906-'07 she played in "The Love Route." 

217 



TILLY, MISS VESTA (MRS. WALTER DE FKEECE), vaudeville 
singer, was born in Worcester, England, being the daughter of the late Ham 
Ball, a vaudeville comedian. She made her tirst appearance when only three 
years old. at Gloucester, England, and has been continuously before the pub- 
lic ever since. At six years of age she was known as "Tiny Tilly, the pocket Sims 
Reeves." She then sang songs in a childish voice, dressed in the full evening dress 
of a man. She lias worn male attire in her business ever since. She has frequently 
visited this country, where she is popular. In private life ^liss Tilly is the wife of 
her manager, Walter de Freece. 

TVBEE, MISS ELIZABETH, actress, was born in Virginia, her family 
being of Scotch descent. Her great grandfather fought in the War of the 
Revolution, and her father was a Colonel in the Confederate Army during 
the Civil War. Miss Tyree, deciding to adopt the stage as a profession, 
went to New York in 1890, and studied at a dramatic school, where she attracted 
the attention of Mrs. Kendal, the English actress, who procured for her an engage- 
ment with the Lyceum Stock Company, which lasted over a period of ten years. 
Miss Tyree made her first success as Phyllis Lee. in "The Charity Ball." Subse- 
quently, she supported E. H. Sothern, Georgia Cay van and John Drew. 

One of her greatest hits was as Avonia Bonn, in "Trelawney of the Wells." She 
also played in "The Dancing Girl." "Lady Bountiful," "The Gray Mare," "The 
Guardsman," "An American Duchess," "Our Country Cousins," "The Amazons," 
"A Woman's Silence," "The Case of Rebellious Susan," "An Ideal Husband," "The 
Benefit of the Doubt," "The Courtship of Leonie." "When a Man's Married," "The 
Mayflower," "The Princess and the Butterfly," "The Liars," "Americans at Home," 
"The Manoeuvres of Jane," "The Ambassador,'" "The Men of Forty'' and "Un- 
leavened Bread." 

Miss Tyree also appeared in "The Romanesques," at the Madison Square Theatre, 
New York, and as Molly Pitcher in "Captain Molly," at the Manhattan Theatre. 



URQUHART, MISS ISABELLE, actress, was born in New York, De- 
cember 9, 1865. Her father died when she was four years old, and at 
the age of ten her mother placed her in a convent school, where she re- 
mained five years. Then she made her debut as a chorus girl in "Billee 
Taylor" in the old Standard Theatre, New York. After a brief season as a chorus 
girl, she joined the Daly Theatre company and appeared as Edinge, in "Girouette" ; 
Mary Ann, in "The Passing Regiment," and in an old woman part in "The Squire." 
In the summer of 1883 she joined H. M. Pitt's comedy company. In 1884 she ap- 
peared at Wallack's in the run of "Madame Piper." and on September 28 of that 
year she joined Miles and Barton's Comic Opera Company, playing Vnus, in 
"Orpheus and Eurydice." 

In the summer of 1885 she played in E. E. Rice's "Polly" company at the 
Casino, New Y r ork, making a success as Ensign Daffodil. The following season she 
was with Lawrence Barrett and appeared at the Globe Theatre. Boston, as Nicol, 
in "The King's Pleasure" ; Donna Isabella, in "The Wonder," and Portia, in "Julius 
Caesar." 

She returned to musical plays on receiving an offer from Rudolph Aronson, and 
joining the New York Casino company became one of the features of the comic- 
operas which made the Casino famous for so long a period. She was the Cerise 
of "Erminie," the Papanea of "Madelen" and the Princess Etelka of "Nadjy." 

218 



The season of 1895-'96 she played Catherine Petkoff. in "Anns and the Man." and 
in "How He Lied to Her Husband/' with Arnold Daly. 

Miss Urquhart's home is No. 179 Woodland avenue, New Eochelle, X. Y. 



UNDERWOOD, MISS ISABELLE, actress and singer, was born in 
Belleville, 111., being the daughter of Edward M. and Marie Louise Ogle 
Underwood. None of her relatives were in any way connected with the 
stage. She made her first appearance, as an amateur, as Katisha. in "The 
Mikado/' at a benefit performance given by the Thursday Club, at the Columbia 
Theatre, Chicago, in 1895. Her first professional appearance was as the Queen, in 
"The Bohemian Girl," July 4, 1896. at the Schiller Theatre, Chicago, in a stock 

company under the management of 
Paul I. a Bonoffi. 

In the fall of 1900 Miss Underwood 
appeared as Jack, in the first produc- 
tion of A. Baldwin Sloane's "Jack and 
the Beanstalk." which opened in Brook- 
lyn and then made a long tour of the 
country. The following season she was 
the Lorraine in the late Kirke La 
Shelle's production of "Princess Chic." 
More recently she was seen as Paola 
and as the Queen, in "King Dodo," 
under the Savage management, and as 
Willie, in "The Burgomaster," under 
the management of W. W. Til lotion. 

Miss Underwood played prima 
donna roles throughout the summer sea- 
son of 1902 in a company under her 
own management at Pleasure Bay, 
Long Branch, N. J.. and the following- 
fall she appeared as Gabriel, in a re- 
vival of E. E. Eice's "Evangeline," in 
Boston and Philadelphia. The seasons 
of 1904 and 1905 Miss Underwood 
played Prince Charming, in "Beauty 
and the Beast." The fall season of 

1906 she was with "The Gingerbread Man" company, in the part originally played 
by Helen Bertram. 

Miss Underwood is a member of the Actors' Church Alliance. Her favorite- 
recreations are tennis and bowling. 

Miss Underwood's New York address is the Gerard, West 44th street. 

VICTORIA, VESTA, vaudeville actress and singer, is the daughter of the 
late "Joe" Lawrence, an oldtime English variety performer, who first 
earned popularity by standing on his head, by which he was known aa 
the "upside-down comedian." Born and educated in London, she first 
appeared in the music halls of that city about eighteen years ago. The song which 
first brought her popularity was "Daddy Wouldn't Buy Me a Bow-wow." This 
was whistled and sung everywhere. She brought it to this country, where it 

219 




became a craze. For years she has been a popular vaudeville and music hall per- 
former on both sides of the Atlantic. Her successful song of 1905, "It's All Right 
in the Summer Time/' was eclipsed by her 1906 song, "Waiting at the Church," 
which attained extraordinary popularity. 



VERXOX, MISS IDA, actress, was born in 1843. Her father was an 
officer in the British army, a younger son of the Scotch Earl of Caithness, 
her mother of French Huguenot extraction. She made her debut at the 
Boston Theatre in September, 1856, as one of the Little Blossom Fairies 
in "A Midsummer Night's Dream." She played with Edwin Forrest as a member 
of the old Boston Theatre company, and in New York with Charlotte Cushman, 
Laura Keene and many famous actors. 

Miss Vernon was a young and popular actress in Richmond at the time of the 
Civil War, and there, although young, had accumulated considerable property. 
This was confiscated after the burning of that city, and she divided her time be- 
tween acting and nursing in the hospitals. She ran the blockade once, when coming 
North to bring a little niece, crossing the Potomac on a flat boat. Attempting 
to return, she was arrested at Martinsburg and sent to Washington. When released 
she came to New York, but soon made another attempt to return to Richmond. 
She was arrested at Fortress Monroe, where she was held in prison for six weeks. 
When freed again, Miss Vernon sailed to London, remaining there some time with 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Matthews. 

Sailing to Halifax, and thence to Bermuda, she managed to reach Williamsburg, 
N. C., on a coasting vessel, and thence she went to Richmond. She had several 
new plays that had never been seen in the South, among them "Leah" and "East 
Lynne," the latter of which she played one hundred and twenty nights, something 
unprecedented in Richmond. After the war Miss Yernon was leading woman with 
J. K. Emmett and later was a star. The season of 1906-'07 she supported Mrs. 
Fiske. 



WAIXWRIGHT, MISS MARIE (MRS. FRAXKLYX ROB- 
ERTS), actress, is a daughter of the late Commodore Wainwright, II. 
S. N., and granddaughter of Bishop Wainwright. She was born in 
Philadelphia, but was educated chiefly in Paris, where she trained for 
the lyric stage. She afterward decided to embrace the legitimate, and she made her 
first appearance on the professional stage at Booth's Theatre, Sixth avenue and 
23d street, New York, in a scene from "Romeo and Juliet," at George Rignold's 
benefit, when he played Romeo to six Juliets. Then she accepted an engagement 
from Mr. Rignold to play the Princess, in "Henry Y." Her next appearance was 
as Josephine, in "Pinafore," of which she was the first representative in this country, 
on the stage of the Boston Museum. 

After this she created the part of Nadge, in "The Exiles," at the Boston Theatre. 
Then she became leading woman for Lawrence Barrett, with him playing Francesca, 
in "Francesca da Rimini." From Mr. Barrett's company she went to David Belasco's 
company in New Orleans as a stock star. Then she starred with Louis James for 
three years, playing Virginia, Desdeinona, Ophelia, Beatrice, Rosalind and Gretchen. 
In 1899 she was married to Franklyn Roberts, an English actor, and the same year 
accepted an engagement with F. F. Proctor to play a season of vaudevill^ Of 
recent years Miss Wainwright has been seen chiefly in vaudeville. 

220 



WALKER, MISS CHARLOTTE (MRS. DR. JOHN B. HAYDEN), 
actress, was born in Galveston, Texas, in 1878. Her great-grandmother 
was a Pinckney and one of the belles of Charleston, S. C., before the 
Civil War. Her grandfather, Pinckney Walker, was British Consul at 
several Southern cities during the rebellion. Miss Walker had appeared in several 
amateur performances before her professional debut, which was made in the chorus 
of a musical play soon after the Galveston flood, in which she lost her home. Before 
the end of the year she was playing the leading woman's part. 

Her career began in earnest in 1895, when she was one of Richard Mansfield's 
company. In 1896 she appeared at the Comedy Theatre, in London, with Charles 
Hawtrey's company. On her return to America, in 1897, she was engaged by James 
K. Hackett to create the role of Virginia Carvel, in "The Crisis," and for the next 
four years she was his leading woman. The season of 1905-'06 she played leading 
roles in eight different productions in Xew York. She opened the fall season of 
1906 as the heroine, Constance Pinckney, in Edward A. Braden's production of the 
wartime play "On Parole." Miss Walker's chief recreation is fishing. 

WALSH, MISS BLANCHE, actress, was bora in Xew York, January 4, 
1873, her father being the late Thomas Power Walsh, at one time warden 
of the Tombs. Miss Walsh was graduated from Public School Xo. 50, 
in 1886. She had long desired a stage career, and a year after her grad- 
uation she made her first amateur apearance at a benefit performance at the Windsor 
Theatre, on the Bowery. She played Desdemona. Her debut on the professional 
stage was made before she was sixteen years old, with Thomas McDonough, in the 
melodrama "Siberia." Her next engagement was with Marie Wainwright, with 
whom she remained for three seasons, appearing as Olivia, in "Twelfth Xight"; 
Zamora, in "The Honeymoon" ; Florence Marygold, in "My Uncle's Will" ; Madeline, 
in "Frederic Lemaitre" ; Grace Harkaway, in "London Assurance," and Queen Eliza- 
beth, in "Amy Robsart." 

She then went under the management of Charles Frohman. creating the role of 
Diana Stockton, in Bronson Howard's "Aristocracy," in 1892. After appearing as 
Kate Kennion, in "The Girl I Left Behind Me," she became Xat Goodwin's leading 
woman, playing with him in "A Gilded Fool," "In Mizzoura," "David Garrick," 
"The Nominee," "The Gold Mine," and "Lend Me Five Shillings." As the leading 
woman of a summer stock company, in Washington, D. C., she appeared in "Pink 
Dominoes," "My Awful Dad," "American Assurance," "My Wife's Mother," and 
"Romeo's First Love." In 1875 she acted the adventuress, Mrs. Bulford, in "The 
Great Diamond Robbery," and in Xovember of the same year, when Virginia Harned 
became ill suddenly, took her place as Trilby in Du Maurier's play, continuing in 
it until the end of the season. The next season she was again Xat Goodwin's lead- 
ing woman, accompanying him on an Australian tour, and appearing, in addition 
to the roles she had already played with him, as Lydia Languish, in "The Rivals," 
and Louise, in "Gringoire." 

On her return to Xew York she joined A. M. Palmer's Stock Company, creating 
in it the role of Margaret Xeville, in "Heartsease," in October, 1896. She next 
played a dual role, brother and sister, in "Straight from the Heart." After one re- 
hearsal she took the heroine role, Edith Varney, in William Gillette's "Secret Ser- 
vice," and went with the company to the Adelphi Theatre, London, in May, 1897. 
Following an engagement with Sol Smith Russell, in "A Bachelor's Romance," at 
the Garden Theatre, Xew York, she became a member of the Empire Theatre Stock 
Company in January. 1898, to play Jeanne Marie, in "The Conquerors." In 1899 

221 



she gave up the place of leading woman in the Manhattan Beach Stock Company, 
of Denver, Col., to star with Melbourne MacDowell in the repertoire of the Sardou 
plays which made Fanny Davenport famous. As Cleopatra, in "Antony and Cleo- 
patra" ; as Fedora and as La Tosca, she made her mark as a tragedy actress. After 
several seasons she and Mr. MacDowell severed their association, and in 1903-'04 
she starred in a dramatization of Tolstoy's "Resurrection." The season of 1904-'05 
she was seen in "The Woman in the Case." She opened the fall season of 1906 in a 
dramatization of Tolstoy's "Kreutzer Sonata." She has a home at Great Neck, Long 
Island, N. Y., called The Lilacs. 



WARFIELD, DAVID, actor, began his theatrical life as an usher in the 
Bush Street Theatre, in San Francisco. Acquiring a reputation as a 
clever mimic, lie got a chance to exhibit his talents on the stage, and 
made a local hit in caricatures of Salvini, in "Othello," and Bernhardt, 
in "Camille," in a play called "About Town." In 1890 he went to New York look- 
ing for work of any kind, and spent his first week at a concert hall in Eighth avenue, 
where a Broadway manager happened to see him, and gave him an engagement with 
John H. Russell, in "The City Directory." 

In the fall of 1895 Mr. Warfield joined the New York Casino Company and re- 
mained with it for three years. It was in this engagement that Mr. Warfield made 
his hit as the East Side Jew. Several times he asked to be allowed to introduce the 
take-off in the productions, but met with no encouragement. Finally his chance 
came, not on the stage, but at a ball game for charity at the Polo Grounds between 
the cast of "The Mem* World" and those burlesquing "Trilby." All the other actors 
dressed up in their parts, but Warfield made up as a Jew pedler, and sold cracked 
ice as souvenirs of the game. He was the feature of the game, and from then on 
he was allowed to introduce his specialty in all the productions. 

Mr. Warfield left the Casino company to join the Weber and Fields forces, and re- 
mained there until the fall of 1901, when David Belasco made him a star in a play 
called "The Auctioneer." This was followed by "The Music Master," by Charles 
Klein, which had a record run in New York. 



WARNER, HENRY BYRON (HENRY BYRON LICKFOLD), 
actor, was born in London in 1876, being the son of Charles Warner, the 
well known English actor. He was educated at the Bedford Grammar 
School. Adopting his father's profession, he played small parts, making 
his first success as the Rev. Mr. Eden, in "It's Never Too Late to Mend." He played 
many parts in support of his father, and succeeded as D'Artagnan when the elder 
Warner was unable to play through illness. After much experience in England, he 
came to this country, in 1905. The fall season of 1906 he appeared as John Dan- 
bury, M. P., in Israel Zangwill's comedy "Nurse Marjorie," in support of Eleanor 
Robson. at the Libertv Theatre, New York. 



WEAVER, JOSEPH, actor and manager, was born in England. His 
first appearance was made in London, as an amateur, in the Byron 
Dramatic Company, of which the noted author, Henry J. Byron, was 
president. Mr. Weaver played Hamlet at the age of seventeen, in con^ 
nection with this society. His first professional engagement \yas as a member of 
the Alcazar Stock Company in San Francisco, in 1887, under the name of Edgar 

222 



WILLARD, EDWARD SMITH, actor, was horn January 9. 1853. at 
Brighton, England, being the youngest but one of the six children of 
Smith and Ann Willard. Though none of the family had ever been 
on the stage, his earliest inclination was toward acting, to the dissatis- 
faction of his father, who wished him to engage in some commercial pursuit. When 
he was only sixteen years old his father reluctantly consented to let him experiment 
with his dramatic talent, predicting a speedy and crestfallen return to the parental 
roof; and under the management of F. Xeebe. of the Theatre Royal. Kxeter. Mr. 
Willard made his first appearance on the stage at Weymouth. England. December 
26, 1869, acting the part of the Second Officer, in "The Lady of Lyons."' After the 
season with Xeebe Mr. Willard made engagements that took him the round of the 
Western provinces, afterward going to Glasgow to play "responsible utilities." 
There he attracted the attention of the late E. A. Sothern. who engaged him for a 
tour, during which he played Captain De Boots, in "Dundreary Married and 
Settled"; Mr. Brown, in "David Garrick," and Sir Edward Trent-hard, in "Our 
American Cousin." After that he played several stock seasons, including one at 
Belfast, Ireland, in 1871, where he got his first real chance as John Ferae, in 
"Progress," by T. W. Robertson. This performance gave him a status, and soon 
after he was appearing in such roles as Romeo, Mac-duff, lago, Falconbridge. in 
"King John"; Wellborn, in "A Xew Way to Pay Old Debts," and Edmund, in 
"King Lear," in support of stars. 

Mr. Willard's first appearance in London was made at the Covent Garden 
Theatre December 26, 1875, when he acted Alfred Highflyer, in the little play. "A 
Roland for an Oliver," which preceded the pantomime of "Cinderella," and after- 
ward Antonio, in "The Merchant of Venice." Charles Rice being the Shylock. At 
the expiration of this engagement Mr. Willard entered upon a series of stock seasons 
in the principal cities, adding to his rapidly increasing list of characters Edgar, in 
"King Lear"; Eugene Aram, Sydney Daryl, in "Society"; Horace Holmcroft. in 
"The New Magdalen"; Robert Ffolliott,' in "The Shaughraun" : Dubosc and 
Lesurques, in "The Lyons Mail," and Hector Placide, in "Led Astray." 

A turning point in his career was his engagement, in September, 1877, as leading 
man in support of Helen Barry, which gave him the opportunity to play 
Macbeth, Claude Melnotte, Lord Clancarty, Sir Peter Teazle. Arkwright, in "Ark- 
wright's Wife," etc., a repertoire that not only gave him a clear idea of his own 
resources, but attracted to him the attention of managers. From this time the 
young artist's services were in demand, and in 1881 he was engaged by the late 
Wilson Barrett as the principal actor in the company with which Mr. Barrett began 
his long management of the Princess Theatre, in London. Mr. Willard's first role 
at the Princess was Clifford Armitage, in "The Lights o' London," by G. R. Sims. 
His intensity, vigor and original methods in that part gained him the favorable 
recognition of the London public. This was greatly strengthened by his next 
creation, that, of Philip Royston, in "The Romany Rye." His first really great 
London success, however, was made as The Spider (Captain Skinner), in "The 
Silver King," after which Mr. Willard was pointed to as the coming actor. Other 
notable parts played by Mr. Willard during his five years at the Princess, either 
in the regular bill or at special matinees, were : The King, in "Hamlet" ; the Holy 
Clement, in "Claudian"; Sextus Tarquin, in Bulwer Lytton's "The Household 
Gods"; Glaucias, in "Clito"; Mark Lezzard, in "Hoodman Blind"; King William, 
in "Lady Clancarty" ; Tom Pinch, in the play of that title ; Wild rake, in "The Love 
Chase," and lachimo, in "Cymbeline." 

In 1886 Mr. Willard began an engagement at the Haymarket Theatre, where 
he played Jame? Ralston, in "Jim the Penman"; Tony Saxon, in "Hard Hit," and 

227 



Geoffrey Delamayn, in "Man and Wife." In June, 1889, with John Lart, he took 
the Shaftesbury Theatre, which he opened with a revival of "Jim the Penman" 
preparatory to the production of ''The Middleman," then heing written for him by 
Henry Arthur Jones. The latter play was produced August 29, 1889, and was an 
instantaneous success, Mr. Willard 's performance of Cyrus Blenkarn placing him in 
the front rank of English actors. 

"The Middleman" was followed by "Judah," by the same author, in which Mr. 
Willard was no less successful. The late A. M. Palmer, of New York, was present 
at the first performance of "The Middleman," and suggested to Mr. Willard that 
he should visit the United States. A partnership was entered into, and at Palmer's 
Theatre, New York, on November 12, 1890, Mr. Willard made his first American 
appearance and played a New York season of twenty-two weeks, acting in "The 
Middleman," "Judah," "John Needham's Double" and "Wealth," and on his last 
night "Old Soldiers" and "My Wife's Dentist." Chicago and Boston were then 
visited, and the success of this short tour practically established Mr. Willard on 
the American stage as a general favorite. Since that time he has made almost 
annual visits to the United States and Canada. On June 1, 1893, his three years' 
partnership with Mr. Palmer came to an end. He then took the reins of manage- 
ment into his own hands and has since conducted his own business affairs. 

In the very long list of plays in which he has been seen here, besides those 
already named, are: "The Professor's Love Story" (which he has now played 
about a thousand times, equalling the number of performances of "The Middle- 
man"), "A Fool's Paradise," "David Garrick," "The Rogue's Comedy," "The 
Physician," "Hamlet," "All for Her," "The Cardinal," "Tom Pinch," "The Fool's 
Revenge," "A Pair of Spectacles." "The Brighter Side," "The Man Who Was" and 
"Colonel Newcome." 

Mr. Willard is a member of the Garrick and Green Room clubs, of London, and 
The Players and the Lotos Club, of New York. 



WILLIAMS, FRITZ (FREDERICK WILLIAMS), actor, was born 
in Boston August 23, 1865, his father and mother being members of the 
stock company at the Boston Museum for fifteen years. Fritz made 
his first appearance on the stage at that theatre when six months old, 
being carried on by William Warren, the comedian, in a farce called "Seeing W r ar- 
ren." In 1879 Fritz Williams attracted much attention as Sir Joseph Porter, in a 
juvenile "Pinafore" company at the Boston Museum. The same year his family 
moved to New York, and Fritz won some fame as a concert singer, singing "Gil- 
more's American Anthem" at a big concert at Madison Square Garden on St. Pat- 
rick's Day, 1880. Being clever with the violin, he also became a member of the 
Germania Theatre orchestra, and for two seasons was first violin at Tony Pastor's. 
During this time he was studying at St. John's College. Fordham, N. Y., from which 
be was graduated when twenty years old. 

Mr. Williams made his first appearance as a professional actor at Wallack's 
Theatre, New York, as Anatole, in "A Scrap of Paper." He then made a success 
as Jimmy, in "Nita's First," an English farce. He afterward played with Frank- 
Mayo, in "The Streets of New York," and with Edwin Booth, in "Don Ca?sar de 
Ba/an." He then acted with Dion Boucicault, in "The Jilt" and other plays, for 
three successive seasons. A season with Arthur Rehan on the road followed, and in 
1889 Mr. Williams became a member of the Lyceum Theatre Company, New York, 
remaining with the organization until 1896. During that time his chief successes 
were as Alec Robinson, in "The Charity Ball" ; Ferguson Pybus. in "The Case of 

228 



Eebellious Susan" ; the Count du Grival, in "The Amazons," and Frank Trendal, in 
"The Home Secretary." 

Leaving the Lyceum company, Mr. Williams was seen in many farce comedies, 
such as "Thoroughbred," "On and Off" and "Make Way for the Ladies." The sea- 
son of 1900-'01 Mr. Williams was with the Weber & Fields company. Of late years 
he has appeared in various parts and many companies. 

Mr. Williams married Katherine Florence, an actress, June 25, 1896. 



WILSON, FRANCIS, actor and author, was born at Philadelphia on 
February 7, 1854. His father, Charles E. Wilson, was of Quaker 
parentage and his mother a Virginian. Although none of his forebears 
were players, Francis Wilson sang and danced as soon as he could talk 
and walk, and showed the player's spirit in his knickerbocker days. He made his 
first appearance on the stage as a child in Philadelphia in a dance called "The Es- 
sence of Old Virginny." As a youth he organized amateur minstrel performances, 
one of which was staged in the Assembly Building, Tenth and Chestnut streets, Phila- 
delphia. This led to his associating himself with another youth with similar capa- 
bilities, James E. Mackin, and together they toured the country, singing and dancing. 
In 1877, when he was twenty-three years old, Mr. Wilson gave up the hundred dollars 
a week his partnership with Mackin was netting him to gratify what had from the 
outset been his ambition the legitimate stage. He took a place at $15 a week as 
general utility man at the Chestnut Street Theatre. Philadelphia, where William E. 
Sheridan, W. J. Ferguson, Frank Sanger, Charles Stanley, Lily Glover, Alice Mans- 
field and Mrs. Stoneall were among the players. 

There he made his first appearance in legitimate comedy as Cool, in "London 
Assurance." He became second low comedian, playing Sam Gerridge, in Kobertson's 
"Caste," and continued at the same theatre for the season of 1878-"79 at a salary of 
$20 a week. In the summer of that season he appeared with Annie Pixley, in 
"M''liss." All this time he was overcoming the handicap of the lack of an early 
education by constant study of literature, drama and music. He took up sparring 
and fencing, and in 1876 won the amateur fencing championship of the United 
States at Gilmore's (Madison Square) Garden, Xew York. When lack of patronage 
forced the Chestnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, to close its doors, Mr. Wilson 
joined "Mitchell's Pleasure Party," one of the earliest of American musical plays. 

In 1883, in San Francisco, he started in comic opera as Sir Joseph Porter, in 
"Pinafore." He became the leading comedian of the McCaull Opera Company and 
of the Casino in New York in 1885, remaining there until 1889, and creating the 
character of Cadeaux, in "Erminie." Subsequently he organized his own company, 
in which he has since taken leading comedy roles in "The Oolah," "The Merry 
Monarch," "The Lion Tamer," "Erminie" '(revival), "The Chieftain," "Devil's 
Deputy," "Half a King" and "The Little Corporal," 1898-'99; "Cyrano de Ber- 
gerac," 1900; "The Monks of Malabar," 1901; "The Strollers," 1901-'02; "The 
Toreador," 1902-'03. In 1904-'05 he engaged in legitimate comedy, under the man- 
agement of Charles Frohman, as Billy Jenks, of Allentown, Pa., in "Cousin Bill/' 
("Le "Voyage de M. Perrichon"), an adaptation from the French by Clyde Fitch. In 
April, 1905, he produced Austin Strong's and Lloyd Osbourne's "The Little Father 
of the Wilderness," playing in this one act drama the character of Pere Marlotte. In 
February, 1906, he produced "The Mountain Climber," a comedy, "Der Hochtourist," 
from the German, by Graatz and Neal. 

In 1881 Mr. Wilson married -Miss Mira Barree, of Chicago. They have had two 
children, Frances and Adelaide, the former being the wife of Monsieur Charles 

229 



Huard, the French cartoonist. In addition to a number of magazine articles, Mr. 
Wilson is the author of "Recollections of a Player/'' "The Eugene Field I Knew," 
"Joseph Jefferson ; Recollections of a Fellow Player" ; "Letters of an Actor to His 
Daughter," "The Madonna of the Mansion" and several unproduced plays. He is 
frequently heard on the lecture platform. He is a member of The Players and The 
Lambs. He lives at The Orchard, New Eochelle, New York. Business address, Em- 
pire Theatre, New York. 



WILSON, GEORGE W., actor, was born in Boston September 24, 1856, 
and made his first appearance with the stock company at the Boston 
Theatre when he was twenty-one years old. He remained with that 
company until 1894, and on November 25, 1878, at that theatre, he was 
the first in this country to play Sir Joseph Porter, in "Pinafore." Associated with 
him in that production were Joseph Haworth. Melbourne' MacDowell, William 
Morris, Marie Wainwright and Sadie Martinet. 

The season of 1895-'96 Mr. Wilson played in "The Old Homestead" and in "The 
Salt of the Earth." He then organized his own company and toured New England. 
He made his chief success as Louis XI, supporting E. H. Sothern, in "If I Were 
King," playing two seasons in New York. He also supported Annie Russell in 
"Brother Jacques." 



WINTER, MISS WINONA, actress and singer, was born in Huntsville, 
Ala., in 1888, being the daughter of Banks Winter, the song writer and 
composer. She was educated at the Boston High School, and made her 
first appearance on the stage in Detroit with "The Little Tycoon" com- 
pany. She first attracted attention in the vaudeville theatres in this country, and 
then went to London, where she played at the leading music halls. Her work at- 
tracted the attention of Charles Frohman in the summer of 1906, and he engaged 
her for his musical comedy company. She returned to this country and opened, as 
Lady Agnes Congress, in "The Little Cherub," at the Criterion Theatre, New York, 
where she made a decided success. 



WOLFF, WILLIAM, comedian, was born in Germany in 1861. He came 
to the United States during the Civil War, at the age of four, and at- 
tended school in Ogdensburg. N. Y.. until he was eighteen. In 1876" 
his parents moved to Syracuse, and there, at the age of nineteen, he took 
up amateur theatrical work. He made his first appearance on any stage in Syracuse 
a? Gaspard, in "The Chimes of Normandy." Mrs. Henrietta Holman, manager of 
the opera company known as the Holman Sisters, saw his performance, and made 
him an offer of $6 a week and expenses. The fascination of the stage led him to 
give up a goou business to accept this offer. After remaining with this company for 
two seasons, and meeting with ill success in New York in subsequent engagements, 
he went to Chicago, and in 1881 joined the Chicago Church Choir Company, then 
managed by Will J. Davis. With this company he took charge of the stage and 
played the principal comedy parts in all the Gilbert & Sullivan operas. 

After an engagement with the Hess Grand Opera Company he became the leading 
comedian of the Fay Templeton Opera Company. Returning to Chicago, he played 
in stock opera at Grenier's Garden until 1885. From Chicago he jumped to the 
Pacific Coast, with Colonel William Thompson's opera company, leaving it to play 

230 



the judg-e, in George Skylight's production of "Huron Kudoli." Once moiv hark in 
(Chicago, he for two months played at the head of his own company. He paid ex- 
penses, nothing more. He then became stage manager and leading comedian of the 
George A. Baker Opera Company, with which lie remained seven years. In 1804. 
with Thomas W. Prior, he organized an opera company, which played at the Schiller 
Theatre, Chicago. It was the year of the Pullman strike, and Mr. WoHT's last cent 
paid for the passage of the members of his company back to N"ew York. Soon after- 
ward Mr. Wolff became acquainted with Henry \\ . Savage, and to him proposed a 
stock opera company for the Castle Square Theatre. Boston. Mr. Savage at once- 
engaged Mr. Wolff to organize the company, and on May 5. 1805. the Castle Square 
Opera Company gave its first performance, with Mr. Woltf as general director and 
leading comedian. 

He continued to be general director for Mr. Savage for four years, during which 
time he organized companies for Boston. Philadelphia. Xew York. Baltimore and 
Washington. In 188!) he sang in opera for a year in San Francisco, jumped to 
Honolulu, and while there accepted a cable offer from J. C. Williamson to go to 
Australia and become stage manager of the Williamson Grand Italian Opera Com- 
pany. After a tour around the world he stopped in London for six months to stage 
a revival of "The Belle of Xew York," in which he played the part of Muggs. From 
there he went to Havana to play a short engagement. For the last three years he 
has played in the Shubert productions, making personal successes in "The Run- 
aways," "Winsome Winnie" and "Happyland." He has played one hundred and 
forty grand and comic opera parts. He is the senior member of the firm of AVolff, 
Fording & Co., theatrical costumers, of Boston. 

WOODRUFF, HENRY, actor, was born in Jersey City in 18TO, and 
made his first appearance on the stage nine years later, at the Four- 
teenth Street Theatre, Xew York, in the chorus of a children's "Pina- 
fore" company. He was speedily promoted to the part of the Boatswain. 
and afterward to that of Ralph Rackstraw. His next engagement was with Daniel 
Handmann, as the page, in "Xarcisse." 

Mr. Woodruff then played boys' parts with Adelaide Xielson, scoring in her pro- 
duction of "Cymbeline." Two seasons playing Xed. in "The Black Flag," with 
Edwin Thorne, followed, and in 1887 Mr. Woodruff joined the stock company of the 
late A. M. Palmer at the Madison Square Theatre, Xew York, making his first 
appearance as Jack Ralston, in "Jim the Penman." He also created the part of 
Lathrop Page, in "Alabama," by Augustus Thomas, and Arthur Hubbard, in "Sur- 
render," by the same author. 

Mr. Woodruff created the part of Ben Hur in the adaptation of General Lew Wal- 
lace's novel, and the seasons of 1905-'OG-'07 he starred in "Brown of Harvard." 



WORTHING, FRANK, actor, was born in England, and began his pro- 
fessional career as assistant prompter in an English stock company. 
His first important engagement was in support of Sarah Thorne, in 
whose company he soon rose from the smallest to the most important 
parts. In 1890 he joined Mrs. Patrick Campbell's company, first appearing with 
her as Orlando, in "As You Like It." Afterward he succeeded the late Charles 
Coghlan as leading man with Mrs. Langtry, playing Orlando, Claude Melnotte. 
Charles Surface and Lord Clancarty. His next engagement was with Olga Xether- 
.ole. with whom he made his first appearance in America. After his season with 

231 



her he was engaged by Augustin Daly, and appeared at Daly's Theatre in leading 
roles with Ada Rehan. After playing in "A House of Cards/' by Sydney Rosen- 
feld, he became leading man in the Frawley Stock Company and toured the Pacific 
Coast. Returning to New York in 1899, he supported Annie Russell, in "Cath- 
arine." The following season he appeared in Israel Zangwill's "Children of the 
Ghetto" and in the title role of "Nauthy Anthony," with Blanche Bates, in David 
Belasco's production of that play. One of his most recent and pronounced suc- 
cesses was in "The Climbers/' with Amelia Bingham's production of Clyde Fitch's 
play. In 1902-'03 he was with Julia Marlowe, in "The Queen Fiametta" and 
"The Cavalier"; in 1903-'04, in "Fools of Nature" and "The Other Girl"; 1904-'05, 
with Miss Bingham, in "The Climbers/' "The Wife Without a Smile/' "Mrs. 
Temple's Telegram/' and with Margaret Anglin in repertoire: 190o-'06. with Miss 
Anglin, in "Zira" ; Ellis Jeffreys, in "The Fascinating Mr. A'anderveldt," and with 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell in London. The fall of 1906 Mr. Worthing appeared in 
support of Grace George, in "Clothes." 



ZAXGWILL, ISRAEL, playwright, was born in London in 1864, being the 
son of M. Zangwill, a Jewish refugee. He received some little education 
in elementary schools, but is practically self-educated. In 1903 he married 
Edith Ayrton, a daughter of Professor Ayrton. He was originally an 
elementary school teacher and then a journalist, acting as editor of a humorou? 
weekly called "Ariel." He is the author of numerous plays, including "'Six Per- 
sons," played at the Haymarket, London, in 1892; "Children of the Ghetto," 
Adelphi, London, 1899, and Herald Square, New York ; "The Moment of Death," 
at Wallack's, New York, 1900; "The Revolted Daughter," a comedy, 1901; 
"Merely Mary Ann," Duke of York's, 1904, played in this country by Eleanor 
Robson; "The Serio-Comic-Governess," Lyceum, New York, 1904; "Jinny, the 
Carrier," Criterion, New York, 1904, and "A Great Demonstration." He has 
written many essays, novels and poems, and is a leader in the Zionist movement 
for the formation of an autonomous Jewish state. Mr. Zansrwill's home is No. 9 
Elm Tree Road, St. John's Wood, London, N. W. 




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