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Full text of "William and Mary College quarterly historical papers"

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William and Mary Cqlleoe 
Quarterly. 







HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Editor ! LYON G. TYLER, M. A., LL. D. 
prbsidbnt of william and mary collbce, williamsburg, va. 

Associate Editor : William Clayton Torrence 
VOLUME XXVII. 



Richmond, Va. 

WHITTBT & SHBPPBR80N, PrINTBRS 

1920 



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SUBJECT INDEX 



VOLUMfi XXVII 



Adams, Henry, 213. 

Accakeek Iron Mines, 87* 89, .90. 

Bacon, John, of Bamestaple, Mass^ 
directs the sale of a negro for in- 
vestment in Bihles, 30a 

Bolshevism, 228. 

Book Reviews: Jefferson Davis, by 
Armistead C Gordon, 211; The 
Freedom of the Seas, by Charles 
Stewart Davison, 211; From Isola- 
tion to Leadership, by John H. La- 
taine, Ph. D., 212 ; Life and Diary of 
John Floyd, by Charles H. Ambler, 
Ph. D., 212; The Gordons in Vir- 
ginia, by Armistead C. Gordon, 
213; The Education of Henry 
Adams, an Autobiography, 213; A 
Heritage of Freedom, or the Polit- 
ical Ideals of the English Speaking 
Peoples, by Matthew Page An- 
drews, 304; The Royal Government 
in Virginia, by Percy Scott Flip- 
pen, Ph. D.; Spirit of the Courts, 
by Thomas W. Shelton, 308; Bod- 
die and Allied Families, by John 
Thomas Boddie and John Bennett 
Boddie, 309; George Mason of Vir- 
ginia, by Robert C Mason, 31a 

Brabley, John, Captivity op, 242, 243. 

Brereton Family, 134. 

Bricks, Imported from New England, 
301. 

Bruce, Jacob, a Master of the Whaley 
School, 209. 

Bullock Family, 133, 134. 

Campbell, Alexander, painter, 66. 

Caboune County: Rev. John Waller 
and Henry Goodloe in Sheriff's 
custody for preaching without a 
license, 139; Edmond Pendleton 
apprenticeship as clerk, 139; 
Sheriff's rotation, 136; program 
for the site of a new capitol, 140; 
Personal Property lists, 154, 163. 

Chiswell, John; Kills Robert Rutledge 
and Commits Suicide, 301. 

Coats-of-Arms, 21. 

Culpeper, Lord Thomas, Proclamations 
of, 135. 

Church at Hampton, 136. 

Cbompton, Charles, An Outlaw, 137. 

Cobb, Howell, 146. 

Cocke Family, 141* 142, 143. 



Cocks, William, of Bremo, Children 
of, 140. 

Confederate Records, 69, 208^ 302. 

Convention of Ministers, 136. 

Convict Women, 209. 

Davis, Jefferson, Conspiracy Against, 
145; Charged with Complicity in 
Assassinating Lincoln and Starving 
Federal Soldiers, 145, 146; permits 
Federal Prisoners to Petition Lin- 
coln for Relief, 148; Life, by Gor- 
don, 211 ; Eulogised, by Gen. Lee, 
211. 

Dew, Thomas R., ancestry of, 135. 

Dick, Charles, Director of the Public 
Manufactory for Arms at Freder- 
icksburg, 248-257. 

Education, 226. 

ExuM Family, 57-59- 

Floyd, John, Nulliner and Opponent of 
Slavery, 213. 

Fredericksburg in Revolutionary 
Days, 73-95, 164-175. 248-257; Ac- 
tion as to Boston, 73, 74-76; Public 
Hospitals at, 74, 77-80; Iron Works 
at, 75, 82-93; Action on the Re- 
moval of the Gunpowder from the 
Magazine at Williamsburg, 94-^)5; 
Objective of Comwallis* Campaign, 
165; Headquarters of Gen. George 
Weedon, 167-173, 251; Manufac- 
tory of Small Arms at, 248-257/ 

German Autocracy in the North, 149, 
150. 

Germany, the Example op, 226-229. 

Giradin's School, 210. 

Grand Jury (York County), 136. 

Greenesville County: Militia Lists, 
96-IQ3, 176-184. 

Hampton, Church at, 136. 

Hannon, John, a Teacher, 73. 

Harvey, Sir John, Removed from his 
Government, 138. 

Henley, Prof. Samuel, 134. 

HiGGINBOTHAM FaMILY OF VIRGINIA, 45- 

57, 123-129, 294-298. 
Hill Family, 106-109. 
Hot Waters, 301. 
HuNNicuTTSop Prince George County, 

34-45. 1 13-122. 
Hunter, James, and his Iron Works, 

75, 82, 93. 
Hunter's Heights, 1 13-122, 165-1691 



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INDEX 



Iron Mines (Akaked^ ^>otswood's, 
Chisweirs), 88, 89. 

Jefferson-Brand. A G>rrcction, 66. 

Jones, Roger, Some Recently Discov- 
ered Data Relating to, 1-18. 
Jordan Family, 121. 
ulien, Dr. John, Hospital Surgeon, 80- 
82. 

Justice for the Justices, 139. 

Justices of York County, 139. 

Kennedey Family, 14a 

Kings Mountain, 113. 

Letters: Roger Jones, 4, 6, 8, 10- 
18; Gen. George Weedon, 167- 
17s; John Preston, 203; Wilson 
Gary Nicholas, 205; Lyon G. Tyler, 
217, 220-225; Dr. Hough, 235-236; 
Wyndham Robertson, 236, 237; 
David Campbell, 242; Charles Didk, 
253« 254; Richard Burke, and James 
Tutt, 255; Fielding Lewis, 256. 

Lincoln, Abraham, Character of, 152; 
Views on Southern Rights Re- 
garding Slavery, 221; Declares 
Restoration of the Union his Sole 
Purpose in Making War, 223; De- 
dines to Receive the Committee of 
Prisoners from Andersonville, 148; 
Issues Emancipation Proclamation 
as a War Measure, 224; Autocratic 
Conduct of, 224. 

Lorraine, Sir Lambton, 308. 

Macquinney (McKinne) Family, 59, 
61. 

Magnolia, by Cotton Mather, 300. 

Maitland, 299-300. 

Martian, Capt Nicholas, 139. 

Mason, George, 310. 

Massie, William, Will of, 244. 

McCoNATHY, Jacob, Letter of Recom- 
mendation, 247. 

Memoranda Relating to Wiluam 
AND Mary College, 230-242. 

Mitchell, James, 299. 

Mortimer, Dr. Charles, Hospital Sur- 
geon, 80-82. 

Negro Troops in the Confederate War, 
220. 

New Republic On the South and Ger- 
many, 217-228. 

Nicholas, i^ 

Noble Family, 109-112. 

Noel, Comehus, Naturalization of, 13d 

Orange County, Tithe Lists of, 19-28. 

Organization, 228. 

Page, James M., Vindicates Wirz, 149. 

Parishes in Virginia, 208, 209. 

Pendleton, Edmund, Indentures of Ap- 
prenticeship, 139. 



Plant Cutters, 135. 

Pleasant Family, 120. 

Pope Family, 61-65, 104-106. 

Proclamations, 135. 

Portraits: Jones Family, 46, at William 
and Mary College, 65, 66, 231. 

Prince George County, Justices of, 209. 

Princeton, 209. 

Pulpit Cloth of Appomattox Church, 
26-33. 

Quakers, 36, 39p 44, 58. 62, 1 13-120, 137; 
Order Against them, 130; Fined for 
not Attending Church, 137. 

RicHESoN, Col. Holt, Heirs of, in 1853, 
200-205. 

Rose, William, Master of Whale/s Free 
School, 209. 

Sabbath Day Profaned by Rev. John 
Wright, 137. 

Seddon, James A., 148. 

Servant, Bertram, Naturalization of, 136. 

Slavery Question, 218, 222, 223, 226, 227. 

South, The, and Self-Determination, 
149151, 217-229. 

Southern Ideausm, 152-153. 

Southern Leaders, 152. 

Spencer, Nicholas, Proclamation of, 135. 

Stark, Burwell, 209. 

Surnames, 3. 

Tariff and Secession, 22. 

Tatnall, Capt Josiah, Anecdote of, 305. 

Three Early Land Owners of Isle w 
Wight Co., 57-65, 104-112. 

Tombstones: Tabitha Hill's, 106; Miles 
Hiirs, 107. 

Travis Family, 66. 

Tyler, Mr., of London, 301. 

Virginia Government IJnder the Col- 
ony, 307. 

Virginia State Library, 68-70. 

Waller, Rev. John, 138-139. 

Ward Family, 185-199, 258-293. 

War of 1812, Records Relating to, 20& 

Warren, Thomas, Sketch of, 43. 

Washington, Campbell's Engraving of, 
6S, 

Watson Family, 133, 134. 

Whale/s Free School, 209. 

Wiluam and Mary College: Portraits 
at, 65; Catalogue of Alumni, 132; 
Bursar's Books, 132; Convention of 
Ministers at, 136; Memoranda Re- 
lating to, 230-243; Burning of the 
College ui 1859, 230; Address to 
Lord Dunmore, 2Zi \ Effigy of John 
Adams Burned by Students, 232; 
Original Charter of the College and 
the Transfer Deed, 233-234; Faculty 
Resolutions as to Students' De- 



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INDEX 



meanor, 233 ; Faculty delations as to 
Liquor, 233; Dial Post at, 234; 
Destruction of the President's 
House Indemnified by the French 
Army, 2$S; Papers at Albany Re- 
lating to College Affairs, 237; 
Wyndham Robertson's List of Stu- 
dents, 236-237-^; General Cata- 
logue, 238; Peyton Randolph 
Buried in Chapel, 239; Statutes of 
the Board Regarding Accounts, 
and Marriages of Professors, 240; 
Names Inscribed on College Walls, 
241 ; Statue of Lord Botetourt, 241. 



Williamsburg: Described by Gen. Mc- 
Qellan, 65; Change of Capital 
Proposed, 140, 141. 

Wntz, Major Henry, 145-152. 

Withy, John, Citizen and Painter 
Stainer, 135. 

Wyke, Peter, 43. 

Worrell, James, Painter, 66. 

York, 137, 138. 

York Coun^: Grand Jury (1700), 
Justices of the Peace (1699), 135- 
136; Quakers Fined, 137; Court 
held at York, 138. 



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GENERAL INDEX 



Adams, 87, 149, 152, 213. 

Addison, 39. 

Adkins, 273. 

Albany Penitentiary, I45» 148. 

Alday, 264. 

Allen's Creek, 187. 

Allerton, 28. 

Allison, 2a 

Almond, 66c 

Alverson, 25. 

Alworthy, ^ 33. 

Ambler, 212, 213. 

American Revolution, 305. 

Anderson, 20, 22, 38, 35>» 193, 247, 266. 

Andersonville, 146, 148^ 151. 

Andrews, 304, 3o6^ lA 149- 

Andros, 136, 236. 

Anglea, 279. 

Angola Creek, 261, 264. 

Annis, 13^ 

Antiqua, a 

Ap Hugh, 3, 

Ap John, 2, 8. 

Ap Roger, 4. 

Appomattox (Mattox) Church, 28-33. 

Appomattox River, 260, 261, 2(59, 273, 

274. 278. 
Archer, 23, 283. 
Armistead, 13a 
Arnold (Amol), 21, 166. 
Arrasmith, 87. 
Arringon. ^ 30. 

Ash Camp Creek, 284. 

Ashton, 28. 

Astoria, 45, 294. 

Atkinson, 102, 178, 182. 

Avent, loi, 102, 103, 176, 178, 181, 183. 

Avery, 108. 

Ayre, Scotland, 13. 

Ayers, 128. 

Backer, 22. 

Bacon's Rebellion, 35. 

Bagwell, 231. 

Baker, 22, i85. 

Balch, 80, 167. 

Balcher, 262. 

Baley (Bailey, Bayley), 40, 43, 48, "4, 

115, 125, 13s, 141, 171, 182, 268. 
Ball, 275. 
Ballard, 23, 136. 

Ballinger (Ballenger), 46, 47, 48. 
Banister, 2iD9. 
Banks, 123. 



Barbadoes. 6. 

Barbar, 186. 

Barber, 22, 136. 

Barbour, 22, 24. 

Barksdale, 266. 

Barnes, 129, 148, 291. 

Bamit, 22. 

Barrow, 104. 

Barry, 20. 

Baskill, 20. 

Bass, 196, 260, 264. 

Bassett, 263. 

Bates, 42. 

Battaile, 22. 

Batte, ^, 265- 

Battley s Quarter, 23. 

Baume, de la, 146. 

Baylor, 22, 14a 209. 

Beach, 247. 

Beadle, 109. 

Beale, 25. 

Beasley, 289. 

Beekham, 2a 

Bedford, 284, 288. 

Beggars Bush, 121. 

Bell, 22, 25. 

Bellini, ^33. 

Belson, 122. 

Belvedeira, 73, 164. 

Bembridge, 13. 

Beneget, iid. 

Benson, 87* 

Berkeley, 35, 186^ 301. 

Berryman, 2B, 

Beverley, 135. 

Bin ford, 4a 41, "5, II9- 

Bird (Byrd), 65, I3C^ 239, 241. 260. 

Birdine, 26. 

Bismarck, 153. 

Biving, 25. 

Blackburn, 112, 247. 

Blackman, 187, 190-195, 262, 290. 

Blackwater Meeting, 3S, 

Blackwater Register, 39. 

Blackwater Swamp, $S, 37, 41, 113, 116. 

Blair. 65, 235, 239. 

Bland, 239. 

Bland ford Church, 299. 

Blanks, 98, 99, 100, 103, 192. 

Blaws, 195. 

BlajTton, 115. 

Bleddyn, 6. 

Bledso (Bledsoe), 20, 24, 25. 

Bloodworth, 27. 



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INDEX 



TU 



Bhieford, 247. 

Bhmt, 24. 

Bobo, a6. 

Boddie Family, 309. 

Boers» 225. 

Bohanaugh, 22l 

Boisseau, ^. 

Boiling, 3«* 199, 2og. 

Bonam, 28. 

Bonaparte, 206^ 207. 

Bondurant, 262. 

Bonner, 4a 4i> iBi, 182, 184. 

Bonte, 20a 

Book of Bagland, 3, 4, & 

Bookers, 265. 

Booth, 43, 57. 

Borfet, 5- 

Borraston, 6, 7. 

Boston Harbor, 73. 

Boswell, 136. 

Botetonrt, Baron de, ^39, 241. 

Botetourt Medab, 235, 236. 

Botts, 23. 

Bowling Green, 95. 

Boyd, 26a 

Bradbey, 210. 

Bradley, 25, 242, 243. 247. 

Bradney, 3, 

Bra£Ferton, 241. 

Bramham, 19. 

Branch, 43, 66, 187, I90» IQI. 193, 104 

105, 196, 198, 262, 264. 275. 378^ ato. 

283, 288^ 29a 293. 
Branch's Brook, 195. 
Brandon Parish, 115. 
Brasbone, 25* 
Brasseur, 122. 
Brassole, 63. 

Braxton, 26^ 45, 49, 126, 239. 
Braxton, The, 301. 
Brec, 6. 
Breconshire, 5« 
Breckenbridge, 204, 205, 238. 
Bremo, 14a 
Breman, 187. 
Brent, 88^ 89. 
Brereton, 134, 135* 
Brewer, 287. 
Bridge, 25. 
Bridges, 65. 
Bridgetown, 6. 
Briggs, 114. 
Brodc, 25, 61. 
Brockenbrough, 125. 
Brockwell, 41. 

Brodnax (Broadnax), 233, 261. 
Broill, 261 

Brooke, 74, 249. 255, 256. 
Browel, 24. 



Brown, 23, 45, 61, 97, 204, 221, 246^ 264, 

278, 279, 286, 290. 
Bruce. 24, 209, 306. 
Bryce, isa 
Bryen, 2a 
Buccom, 2a 

Budcner, 125, 136, 139, 14a 
Buffalo River, 45, 48. 
Buena Vista, 294. 
Bullock, 133, 134. 
Bumgamer, 26. 
Bunon, 26. 
Burd, 22. 
Burfort, 238. 
Burger, 260. 
Burgess, 28a 
Burgwyn, 125. 

Burk's History of Virginia, 21a 
Burleigh (Burley) Records, 3a 116. 
Burleigh (Burley) Meeting, 30^ 4a 114, 

116. 
Burluigton, Earl of, 65. 
Bums, 238. 
Bumell, 247. 
Burt, 140. 

Burton, 141, 19a, 191, 262, 268» 291. 
Burwell, 210, 236, 239, 241, 247. 
Bush, 23. 
Butler, 4a 42. 
Buttery, 26. 

Butts, 96, 97, 98* 9ft 100, 102, 103. 
Byrd, (Sec Bird). 
Cabell, 49, 124, 298. 
Caffall, 2. 

Cain, 100, 102, 177-180. 
Caldwell, 263. 
Calhoun, 152. 
Callaway, 26. 
Cambell, 45, 48. 
Camm, 24a 

Camp, 99, 100, IQ3, 176, 177- 
Camp Douglas, i^p. 
Campbell, 45, 48, &, 129, 204, 242. 
Cannaday, 30, 31. 
Cape Cod, 30a 
Caradog, 5. 
Clargill, 38. 
Caroline County's Personal Property 

List, 154 163. 

(Not indexed because alphabetically 

arranged) 
Carpenter, 24, 128. 
Carr (Carre), 24, 17A. 
Carrington, 51, 55, 281. 
Carrol, 24. 

Clarter, 65, 87, 88^ 239, 299. 
Cary, 121. 124, 126^ 132, 133, 136, 263, 

265, 269. 
Casey, 126. 



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VIU 



INDEX 



Cashwell, 45» 4^^ 56. 

Caskie, 125. 

Castler, 24. 

Catchmays, 8, 9. 

Gate, 44. 

Catlett, 139^ 

Cato, 96. 97, 98^ 5^- 

Cattail Swamp, 58. 

Cave, 23, 24, 25. 

Cayce, 282, 286, 287. 

Cedar Creek Meeting, 41. 

Cemp, 22. 

Chalkley's Transcripts, 128. 

Chamberlayne, 244, 246. 

Chaulkley, 198. 

Chappel, 40, 41, 42, 44. 

Chase, 224. 

Chastain, 143. 

Chatham, 74. 

Cheatham, 191, 198. 264. 

Cheeseman, 3a 

Chester, 10, 14, 15. 

Chevy Chase, Md., 208. 

Chew, 23, 25. 

Chickerhouse Creek, 210. 

Chiles, 25. 

Chilton, 28. 

Chipman, 146. 

Chissell (Chiswell), 89, 301. 

Choptank, 120. 

Choward, 22. 

Christopher, 19. 

Chronoker, 19. 

Chuckatuck, 122. 

Cignett, The, 7, iB, 

Clanton, 90, 100, loi, 104. 

Clapham, 87. 

Clark (Clarke), 19, 20, 23, 35, loi, 176, 

177, 178, 179^ 180. 
Garkson, 276. 
Clay, 198. 

Qaybome (Claiborne), 25, 135, 184. 
Qayton, 23, 246^ 198. 
Clemans, 213. 
Cements, 35. 
Qemon, 27. 
Qopton, 246. 
Cloyd, 203. 
Cobb, 146, 147. 
Cobbs, 54, 292. 
Cochran, 201, 202. 
Cocke, 9S. 97, 99, 100, 102, 140, 141, 142, 

143, 191, 195, 238, 273, 274. 284. 
Codliew, 30. 
Cogbill, 19s, 264. 
Coker, 24. 
Cole, 137. 

Coleman, 22, 23, 25, 124,-127. 
Cole's Ferry, 285. 



Coles, 286, 287, 289. 

Coles' Island, 286. 

College Chapel, 239 

Colley, 264. 

Collins, 21, 25, 80, 94, 167, 200, 202. 

Columbia University, 306. 

Confederate Government, 148. 

Confederate Records, 68, 2(^ 

Conew, 20. 

Connor, 20. 

Connover, 145. 

Conway, 165, 170. 

Cook, 24, 25, 96, 97, 99, 100, 178, 179. 

Cook's Ford, 165. 

Cople Parrish, 33. 

Coplin, 27, 33. 

Corbin, loi, 239, 

Cornell, 34. 

Cornwall Parish, 264. 

Comwallis, 81, 164, 165, 174. 

Cosby, 299. 

Cotton, 63. 

(Toward, 23. 

Cowskin Creek, 278, 279. 

Cox (Coxe), 25, 141, 266. 

Coxes, 20. 

Craddock, 247, 290. 

Cradoc, 5. 

Crawford, 23, 56, 123, 262, 299. 

Crees, 24. 

Cristler, 24. 

Crompton, 137. 

Cromwell, 149, 153 

Cross, 21. 

Croswait, 22. 

Crow, 21. 

Crowder, 24. 

Crowley, 26. 

Groxton, 56, 294. 

Crump, 176-179, 181. 

Crust, 21. 

Cub Creek, 261. 

Cuddin, 25. 

Cullen, 57. 

Gulpeper, 7, 135, 307. 

Cunningham, 109. 

Curies, 36, 114, 121. 

Curtis, 20, 25, 120. 

Cutting, 200. 

Cygnet, The, 7. 

Daingerfield, 73, 74. 

Dale, 43. 

Dale Parish, 198, 260, 273. 

Dallas, 205, 207. 

Dann, 19. 

Dancy, 184. 

Daniel, 23, 41, 88, 288. 

Darbytown Road, 108. 

Dattuck, 26. 



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INDEX 



Davics, 93, i^S- 

Davis (Davicc), 19, 22, 104, io6^ n^ 

145-152, 186, 211, 213, 234, 237. 238. 

239, 301. 
Davison (Davidson). 211-238, 242, 275. 
Dawson, 242, 261, 263, 274. 
Day, 124. 
Deadin, 23. 
Deane, 17. 
Dear, 25. 
Deaver, 26. 

Deep Creek, Prince George G>., 264. 
Dclamere Forest, 146. 
Dennis, 262. 
Dcptford, 13. 
Dew, 135, 

Dick. 73, 77, 9h 165, 248-250, 257. 258. 
Dickinson, 284. 
Dier, 26. 
Dierce, 298. 

I>«ggcs, 51, 55, 56, 239. 
Dillard (Dilliard), 48* 50, 51, 53, 5^, 

123. 
Dimick, 26a 
Dixon, 249, 250. 
Doran, 304. 
Dorth, 35. 
Dotson, 27. 
Dotwood, 20. 
Douglas, 26. 
Downer, 24. 
Downs, 21, 24. 
Downs, The, 17, 18. 
E>oyle, 30, 32. 
Dozer, 19. 

Drake (Drak), 15, 22. 
Dred Scott Case, 221. 
Drympenock, 6. 
Dnunpenog, 6. 

Dublin (Dublen), 10, 12, 14, 15, 16. 
Duerson, 25. 
Duett, 26. 
Dnncanson, 74, 77- 
Dunham, 185. 
Dunham Massie, 43. 
Dunkum, 279. 
Dunmore, 133, 231, 232. 
Dunmore's War, 73. 
Dunmorc's Powder Plot, 76. 
Dupree, 96, 97, 178, 180, 182, 184. 
Dupuy, 142, 143. 
Durham, 279. 
Dumttt (Durrett), 23. 
Eastham, 22. 
Eaton, 115. 
Eberton, 17. 
Eddins, 24. 
Edings, 20. 
Edmunds, 284. 



Edmundson, 23, 24. 

Edrington, 87. 

Edwards, 20, 35, 131, 299. 

EflBngham, 136. 

Eggleston, 2^, 276, 283, 290. 

Elam, 194, 197. 198. 

Eldridge, 113. 

Ellington, 275, 277, 278. 

Elk Island, 172. 

Elliot. 25. 

Ellis, 39. 

Elmira, 149. 

Ehnore, 277. 

Epes, 37, 119. 

Eppes, 280. 

Eubank, 200. 

Eunis, 26. 

Evans (Evens), 20, 25, 236. 

Ewell, 230, 231. 

Exum, 57-64, 104. 

Ezell. 99, 100, loi. 

Fairfax Meeting, 116. 

Falling Creek, 187, 198, 199, 268. 

Falmouth, 74. 

Fargison, 27. 

Farmer, 285, 287, 28a 

Farrar, 122, 143. 

Farrow, 23. 

Farthing, 187. 

Fendell, 26. 

Fenn, 20. 

Fennell, 177, 179- 

Finney, 266, 279. 

Fisher, 21, 98, 124. 

Fisha, 20. 

Fitzgerald's, 38, 209. 

Fitzhugh, 2, 74. 88, 89, 248, 249. 

Fitzjohn, 2. 

Fleet, (Fleat, Fleete), 21, 25, 186, 201. 

Fleetwood, 13. 

Fleming, 44. 

Fleshman, 26. 

Fletcher, 3a 

Floumoy, 284. 

Flower de Hundred, 299. 

Florida, The, 151. 

Floyd, 212. 

Fountain, 239. 

Ford, 24. 

Fore, 20. 

Forrester, 23. 

Forster, 37. 

Fort Sumter, 22a 

Fouke, 43- 

Four Mile Creek, 143, 186. 

Fox, 20, 176, 179. 180, 181, 183. 

Frank, 264. 

Franklin, 152. 

Frazier (Eraser), 78, 79, 200. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX 



Fredericksburg, 73, 95, 164-166, 248, 257. 

Frederidc the Great, 153. 

Freichfras, 5. 

Friend, 264, 266. 

Fry, 26^ 2sia 

Fuller, 21, 26a 

Fuqua, 264, 268, 266, 287, 288. 

Fussell's Milb, 108. 

Gaj;e, 73- 

Gams, iB7. 

Garr, 24. 

Garrett's Historical Magojsine, 267, 268. 

Garrigues, 124. 

Garter Kmg of Arms, 2. 

Gary, M, 301. 

Gatewodd, 135. 

Gates, 91. 

Gatesville, 293. 

Gath, 23. 

Gay, 264, 265, 266, 268. 

Gee, 38, 39» "3, 259. 

Germany, 226-2291 

George, 19. 

Georgia Landmarks, 108. 

Gesona, 23. 

Gettysburg!!, 223. 

Gibbs, 222. 

Gibson, 28, 125. 

Gibson's Quarter, 23. 

Gilchrist, 139, 216. 

Giles, 269. 

Gilder, 21. 

Gillett, 125. 

Gillikin, ^. 

Gilmer's Georgians, 107, 

Girardin, 21a 

Gist, 241. 

Glaister, 113, 114. 

Gloucester, 175. 

Gof, 22. 

Goldson, 25. 

Gon, 20. 

Goode, 91. 

Goodall, 26. 

Goodloes, 138. 

Goodrich, 182, 184, 210. 

Goodcwyn (Goodwin), 98, 99, loo^ 102, 

103, 178, 184. 
Goode, 277. 
Gorden, 22. 
Gordon, 211, 213. 
Gowcn, 187, 258* 259. 
Grant, 148, 150^ 151. 
Gravelly Run, 36. 
Gravelly Run Register, 113. 
Graves, 20, 298. 
Gray, I37- 
Gra3rson, 175. 



Green (Greene), 37> 48. 58» 9^ 92, "S* 

127. 306. 
(jreenesville County, 272, 293, 298. 
Greenfield, 204. 

Greenhill, 263, 266. 267, 285. 287. 
(Gregory, 272, 293, 298. 
(jresona, 23. 
Grey, 3. 
Griffen, 25. 
Grigsby, ^8. 

Grigg, 96, 97> 98, 99» loa 103, 176, 180. 
Gnmes, 22. 
Grymes, 22, 23, 65. 
Gubbom, 25. 
Gunnell, 247. 
Guilford, 48. 
Gunston Hall, 31a 
Guy, 138. 
Gwin, 287. 
Gwin's Island, 175. 

Habersham's Historical Collections, 105. 
Haddock, 10. 
Haley, 25, 135. 
Hall, 29a 
Ham, 137. 

Hamilton, 20, 149, 152. 
Hamlin, 38, 4a 
Hampton, 136, 175. 
Hansborgow^ 24. 
Hansford, 136. 
Hapsburg, 15a 
Harden, 25. 
Hardinp^, 2. 
Hardwidc, ^ 
Haresnipe, 24. 
Hargrove, 06. 
Harlan, 140. 
Harris, 25, 41. 43, 96, 97, 98, loi, 137, 

263, 2$5. 
Harrison, 2(^ 25, 54, 65, 117, "9, 209. 
,. 233, 

narrower, 73, 76, 164. 
Hart, 268. 
Hartless, 48. 

Harvey, 137, 138, 173, 29a 
Harwell, 182. 
Hatch, 119. 

Hatcher, 187, 192, 194, 198, 263, 293. 
Hathon, 22. 
Hatton, 286, 291. 
Hawkins, 19-21, 123, 276. 
Haws, 24. 
Haxall, 125. 
Hayley, 25, 135. 
Haywood, 21. 
Head, 24. 
Heath, 113. 
Henderson, 24, 54. 55- 
Hendriques, 173. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX 



Henley, 134. . 

Henrico Meeting, 42, 44, 114. 

Henry, 86^ 87, i» 287. 

Heralds' CoUege, 2, 4> 7* 

Heralds Visitation, 3. 

Hethersall, 138. 

Higginbotham Family, 45-5^^ i^3> I3^ 

294-290. 
HigfagateHouse, 133. 
HiD, 21, 25, S6^ 98. 104-109, 115. 368. 

269. 296. 
Hindenburg, 224. 
Hiott, 25. 
Hite, 87. 

HohenzoUem, 15a 
Hog Island,* 210, 
Hokins, 2a 
Holbome, 135. 
Holcombe, 24. 
Holloway, 37, 38. 
Hofanan, 278, 279. 
Holt, 23, 145. 
Holmes, 106^ 234, ^60. 
Honts, 28a 

Hopewell Monthly Meeting, 116. 
Hopewell, The, 188. 
Horin, 20. 
Horn, i<>. 
Horton, 35, 87. 
Hoskins, 2, 4> 8, 9, 124- 
Hot Waters, 301. 
Hough, 235, 236. 
House, 06^ 97. 98* 
Howard, 23, 129. 
Howe, 28a 
Howerton, 25. 
Hoymen, 24. 
Hubard, 241. 
Hubbard, iii. 
Hull, 81, 107. 
Humphrey, 185* 

Hunnicutt Family, 34'45, Ii3'i2a 
Hunt, 26. 
Hunters, 74, 75, 79, 86-91, 115, 150, 151. 

'y*^^ 298. 
Hunter's Heights, 165, 167, 168, 169, 

17a 
Hunter's Iron Works, 74, 75, 82, 87, 88, 

89, 91. 167. ^ 
Huntsman, 284, 288, 291. 
Hurley, 125. 
Hurst, 61. 

Hutchinson, 27, 242. 
Isle of Man, 13. 
Ingram, 20. 
Inman, 135. 
Innes, 173. 
Ireland, 2&. 

Irvm, 2d5* 



Isbetl, 25. 

Jadcson, 23, 24, 52, 212, 243, 264, 288. 

Jameson, 264, 

Jamestown, 279. 

Jarratt, 183, 184. 

Jefferson, 49, 66, 83, 91, 93, 149. 152, 

i6s 222, 229^ 31a 
Teffries, 183, 184. 
feffrcy, 299. 
fenings, 136. 
Jenkins, 21. 
ferdone, 299. 
[eter, 24, 06, 181, 29a 
rett, 87, 90. 
[oel, 169, 172, 175. 

fohnson, 21, 42, 56^ 140^ 240^ 263, 275. 
Johnson's Island, 149. 
Johnston, 65, 77f 79. 10?, 147, 165, 167. 
Johns Hopkins University, 212. 
Johnson, 20. 
Jones. 1 19. 21, 24, 25. 44, 56, 66, 74. 87, 

126. 134, 266. 267, 278, 284, 
Jordan's Journey, 37, 117, 119, 121. 
Jourdan, 274. 
Jourdon, 170. 

Julian (Juhen), 74. 80, 81. 
Justice, loi, 176. 
Karjavina, 233. 
Kasehagen, 56. 
Keatton, 20^ 26. 
Keifer, 24. 
Kelly (KJlly), 24. 
Kemp, 22. 
Kenner. 223. 
Kennerly, 14a 
Kennon, 241. 

Kentucky State Historical Society, i. 
Kerr, 301. 
Kerseboom, 65. 
King, 21. 
Kinsale, 15. 

Kingsland Creek. 197, 292. 
Kitchen, 114, 247, 301. 
Kneller, 65. 
Knibb's Creek, 264. 
Knib. 196. 
Knowles, 187, 258. 
Knox, 125. 
Kyncr, 27. 
Lackay. 297. 
Lackey, 129. 
La Fayette, 66, 146, 164, 165, 167, 171. 

173. 174. 
Ladd, 36, 39, 4a 44, 
Lamb. 25. 

Land, 78. 179, 180, 182. 
Lane. 61. 107. 
Lanier, 43, 177. 178. 
Larcome. 121. 
Latan6. 212. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX 



Lawrence, 57, 58. 

Lawton, 26, 84. 

Lazarita Creek, 289. 

La3rton, 26. 

Layfe, 21. 

Lead, 40* 

Leavenworth, 235. 

Ledgant, 14. 

Lee, 5, 55, 88* 89, 115, 152, 158. 168. 169, 

170, 175, 209, 211, 241, 279. 
Leeward Islands, 209, 211. 
Lely, 65. 
Lenord, 23. 
Lenderwood, 21. 
Lerwick, 73. 
Leslie, 174. 

Leverpole (Liverpoole), 16. 
Lewis, 21, 73, 77. 164. 241. 242, 247, 248, 

249. 250, 251, 253, 254, 256, 257, 

287. 
Libby Prison, 148. 

Libby. 299. ^ ^ 

Ligon, 268, 272, 273. 277. 278, 279, 283. 
Lincoln, 145, 146, 148, 150, 152, 211, 218, 

220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 300, 305. 
Lindsay, 247. 
Lindsey, 26. 
Lipscombe, 289. 
Little, 21. 

Little Roanoke, 263, 273, 280, 284. 
Little Taylor's Creek, 187, 261, 263. 
Livesay, 41. 
Ljungstedt, 208. 
Llanarth, 4. 
Lockett 189, 277, 278. 
Logan, 209. 
Loggins, 23. 

London, 123, 125, 126, 127, 295. 
Long, 24. 
Long Island, 294. 
Lorraine, 3oiS. 
Lound, 192, 194. 
Lower Chippokes, 43. 
Lowry, 136, 138. 
Lucas, 96, 97, 98* 99. 100, 103, 176. 177. 

180, 183. 
Lukess, 23. 
Ludendorf, 224, 361. 
Ludlow's Creek, 137, 138. 
Ludwell, 210, 301. 
Lun, 24. 
Lygon, 188, 189. 
Lynch, 298. 
Lynn, 75- 

Mabry, 96, 97, 103, i76-i8a 
Maclin, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 179, 182. 
Mackquinney (McKinne), 58, 59, 60, 61, 

63, 104, 105. 
Macon, 246, 279. 



Madison, 22, 149, 152, 232, 236. 

Magill, ^. 

Magpie Swamp, 121. 

Maitland, 299, 300. 

Major, no. 

Malone, 183. 

Malvern (Malbom) Hill, 142, 143. 

Mangum, 99, 100. 

Manewell, 20. 

Mann, 66. 

Mannsfield, 74, 93. 

Manspoil, 27. 

Markham, 183, 198. 

Marks, 20. 

Marlborough, 153. 

Marriott, 34. 

Marshall, 152, 241. 

Martian, 138. 

Martin, 26, 139, 200, 264, 298. 

Martin's Brandon, 38, 119. 

Mason, 96, 118, 179, 238. 

Mason County, Kentucky, 200-202. 

Massenburg, 117. 

Massey, 102, 179, 181, 184. 

Massie, 244-246. 

Materson, 22. 

Mather, 300. 

Mathews (Matthews), 21, 25, 67, 119, 

124, 136, 262. 
Mattox, 201. 

Mattox Church, 29, 30, 31. 
Mauldin, 23. 
Maury, 236. 
Maxey, 261. 
Maxwell, 47. 
May, 26. 
Mayer, no. 

Mayes, 98-100, 180, 181. 
Mayfield, 25. 
Maynardi, 6. 
McAllister, 109. 
McCarty, 28. 
McClane, 174. 
McQary, 21. 
McCIellan. 65. 
McColady, 23. 
McConaAy, 247. 
McCords Road. 247. 
McCoy, 23. 

McDaniel, 23, 46, 126, 296. 
McFearson, 26. 
McFarlane, 56. 
McGehee, 107. 
McGuire, 234. 
McKenny, 26. 

McKinncy, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63. 
McMeekin, 30^3. 
McPherson Barracks, 129. 
Meadows, 274. 
Medley, 112. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX 



xiu 



Meek, 24. 

Merchants Hope, 37. 

Mercer, 51, 55, 73, 74, 75, 77, 83, 94, 164. 

Meredith, 26. 

Meriwether, 49. 

Messenger, 200. 

Michael, 20. 

^^idcele 26. 

Middle Plantation Parish, 208. 

Middleton, 247. 

Miller, 186, 233, 274, 280. 

Minge, 241. 

Minor, 19. 

Miskman, 80. 

Mitchell, 21, 262, 299. 

Moesoy, 24. 

Moffett, 19. 

Monaslow, 8. 

Money, 30, 32. 

Monmouth, 8. 

Montgomery, 122, 203, 204. 

Moody, 192, 198^ 244, 246, 268. 

Moor (Moore), 5, 20, 25, 138. 

Moreiddig (Moreithig), 5, 6. 

Morgan, 3, 21, 23, 26, 165. 

Morgin, 19. 

Morgner, 310. 

Morrill, 224. 

Morrison, 45, 46, 49, 127, 128, 129, 230^ 

231, 234, 241, 296-298. 
Mortimer, 73. Tl, 79, 80, 81. 
Morton, 22, 233, 238, 282, 291. 
Mortun, 19. 
Moses, 286. 
Motten, 22. 
Moyers, 24, 26. 
Mo^lan, 169. 
Muire, 247. 

Murfey (Murffey), 28, 29, 31, 3Z 
Murphy, 61. 
Murray, 261. 
Myers, 296. 
Msrrick, 119. 
Nance, 27, 38. 
Napoleon, 153, 206. 
Nelson, 133, 170, 171, 239, 289. 
New, 138. 

New England, 304. 
Newman, 20. 
Newmarch, 6, 217-225. 
New Repid>lic, 217-225. 
New York Times, 145, 147. 
New York State Library, 236. 
Nicholas, 5, 132, 205-207, 239. 
Nicholson, 130, 131, 136, 236. 
Night, 19. 

Nightingale Frigate, 10. 
Niobe, The, 304. 
Noble, 56, 109-112, 279. 
NoeH 21. 



Northern Neck, 172. 

N OS worthy, 58. 

Nutting, 136. 

Oaks 21. 

Gates' War Between the States, 108. 

Oeser, 146. 

Offit, 23. 

Offut, 247. 

Oglesby, 50, 55- 

Oglethorpe County, 106. 

Old Adam, 19. 

Old, 238. 

Oliver's History of Antigua, 6. 

Onell, 27. 

Orange County, 19-27, 140, 208. 

Osborne, 260, 261, 274. 

Ostend, 17, 18. 

Ould, 147. 

Outland, 58, 122. 

Outlook, The New York, 145, 147. 

Page, 55, 65, 66, 74, 93, I33, I49, 231, 

239, 248, 249. 
Padget, 50, 52, 53. 54- 
Paleskie, 125. 
Palin, 114. 
Palley, 21. 
Palmer, 9, 291. 
Paradox, The, 7, 13, 14. 
Parham, 96. 
Parts, 29. 
Pasquotank, 113. 
Paup, 272. 
Paylor, 26. 
Pearson, 24, 
Peaue, 278. 
Pedlar River, 45. 
Peebles (Pebles, Pebbles), 39, 43, 114, 

117, no, 179-183. 
Pelham, 96. 
Pemberton, 201. 
Pendleton, 50, 55, 139. 
Peniston, 209. 
Penington, 118. 
Pennun, 20. 
Pequamons, 39, 113. 
Perry, 209. 
Peters, 176. 
Petersburg, 299. 
Pettaway, 184. 

Phillips, 23, 24, 26, 41, 46, 82. 
Philomathean Society, 231. 
Pichetto, 65. 
Pickett, 23. 

Pickthorne Farm, 143. 
Pierce, 23, 186. 
Pitt, 153. 
Plancabecner, 26. 

Pleasants, 42, 115, 117, 120-122, 209, 238. 
Plunkabeamer, 26. 
Plunkett, 56. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IOT>EX 



Point Lookout, 149. 
Poc, 277, 279. 
Point Pleasant, 73. 
Pope, 61-64, I^~ii2- 
Pope's Creek Church, 37. 
Porter, 20, 74. Tl, 247. 
Portsmouth, 83. 
Postgate, 21. 
Pottoy, 20. 

Powell, 3, 22, 26, 99, I00-IQ2. 

Poythress, 37, 185, 209, 299. 

Prather, 247. 

Pratt, 25. 

Preece, 263. 

Preston, 203, 204. 

Pretlow, 42. 

Price, 20. 

Princeton University, 209. 

Pritchard, 184. 

Pritchett, 96. 

Prodger, 4. 

Proctor's Creek, 268. 

Puckett, 293. 

Putney, loi. 

Quakers, 36, 39, 44. 58, 62, 1 13-120, 130^ 

137. 
Quarles, 139, 200, 201. 
Queen Mary, 235. 
Quillian, 48. 
Kaccom, 2a 
Raccoon Ford, 164. 
Radish, 87. 
Randle, loi, 176. 
Randolph, 76, 95, 207, 237. 239, 262, 265, 

266. 
Ratcliff, 137. 
Raufiel, 20. 

Ravenscroft, 209, 210. 
Read, 284, 285. 
Reade, 136. 
Reagan, 129. 
Red, 22. 
Redford, 141. 
Reed, 286, 288. 
Recs, 5. 
Refo, 129. 
Reid, 49. 
Ren fro, 21. 

Renuls (Reynolds), i, 264, 274, 301. 
Rhods, 22. 
Rice, 24 25. 
Richards, 124, 171. 
Richardson, 177, 191. 
Ricks, 5a 

Ridgeway Library, 120. 
Richmond Enquirer, 209, 210. 
Rude, 188. 
Ruffin, 228. 
Rule, 299. 
Rumsey, 303. 



Rusetl, 20. 

Rush, 20, 23. 

Russell, 88. 

Sackler, 135. 

Sale. 47. 

Salmon, 9, 17. 

Sandy Creek, 263. 

Sandige, 46, 47, 294-296. 

Santa Anna, 242, 243. 

Saunderson's History, iii. 

Savior's Creek, 269, 273. 

Schade, 146. 

Schofield, 280. 

Scotland, Va., 43. 

Scott's Quarter, 24. 

Scott, 19, 22, 58, 196. 

Seabrell, 137. 

Seaton, 28a 

Seddon, 146, 147. 

Sedgewick, 131. 

Selden, 88, 89, 248, 249. 

Sender, 21. 

Servant, 136. 

Setterfield, 21. 

Seward, 149, 223, 305. 

Shambles, 20. 

Shaw, 21. 

Shears, 25. 

Sheffield. 115. 143, 189, 259, 260^ 275, 282. 

Sheild, 236. 

Shelden, 21. 

Shelton, 23. 

Shenandore, 21. 

Shepherd, 34, 43- 

Sheppard, 43, 247. 

Sherley, 185. 

Sheridan, 150, 151, 224. 

Sherman, 150^ 151, 223. 

Shields, 56. 

Shively, 26. 

Simmons, 24, 40, 41, 97, 99, 114. 

Simpscm (Simson), 24, 289. 

Simrall, 247. 

Sims, 20, 57, 104, 110-112. 

Singleton, 25. 

Sisson, 20. 

Skelton, 21. 

Skinker, 172. 

Slater, 26. 

Slavery Question, 2i8» 222, 223, 226, 

227. 
Sluter, 27. 
Small wood, 175. 
Smith. 19, 24, 26, 46-48, 65, 96, 97. 104, 

200. 241, 247, 286^ 291, 298, 301. 
Smithneld, 204. 
Smith's Branch, 35. 
Smith's Fort, 34, 43. 
Smith Manuscript, 120. 
Snider, 24. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX 



Soane, 193* I98» 262. 
"Soldier's Joy," 124. 
Southall, 140, 143. 
Sparks, 24, 26^ 94- 
Speer, 109. 
Spears, 12S, 
Spencer, 19, 135, 209. 
Spiers, 275. 

Spotsylvania County, Va., 19. 
Spotswood. 74. 76^ fift 94, 307» 3o8. 
Stanard, 26. 
Stanley, 105. 
Stanton, 23, 26, 148. 
Stark (Starke), 87, 96. 209. 
State Library, 302, 303. 
Staunton River, 281, 285, 286, 287. 
St Briavels, 8. 
St. George's Parish, 19. 
St Marl?s Parish, 19, 140. 
St Paul's Parish, 33, 105. 
St Petersburg, 233. 
Stephens, 25, 87. 
Stem, S;. 
Stevens, 21, 23. 
Steward, 25. 

Stewart (Stuart), loi, 102, 177, 179, 180, 
182, 199, 236, 268, 269, 273. 281, 283. 
StodgiU, 23, 26. 
Stolts, 26. 
Stone, 23, 24. 
Storrs, 114. 
Stover, 20. 
Stowers, 24. 
Stratton Family, 26S, 
Strode, 85, 86. 
Strong, 106, 109. 
Strothcr*s Quarter, 24. 
Stubbs' Early Settlers, 107. 
Stnner, 20. 
Sublett, 285. 
Surinam, 6. 
Sutton, 27. 
Swann, 241. 

Sweeney, 45. 123, 129, 294. 
Swift Creek, 261. 
Swinton, 135. 
Sykes, 182, 183, 184. 
Tabor, 48. 
Talerfer, 23. 

Taliaferro, 24, 107, 126, 138, 139, 140. 
Tallesrrand, 153. 
Tandsley, 22. 

Tanner, 24, 191, 192, 198, 262, 272, 292. 
Tayloe's Iron Furnace, 84, 
Taylor (Talor), 22, 23, 24, 25, 121, 136, 
_ 138, 139. 140. 195, 231. 
Tazewell, ^7. 
Temple Farm, 138. 
Tenner, 24. 
Terrell, 42. 



Terril, 24. 

Thomas, 22, 25, 27, 134, 137, 195, 28a 

Thompson (Thomson), 23-25, 50, 54, 

56^ 117, 125, 181, 195. 237, 264. 
Thomell, 25. 

Thorpe (Thorp), 35, 181, 182, 184. 
Three Mile Swamp, 185. 
Threlkeld, 87. 
Thusten, 22. 
Thweatt, 37. 
Tiley, 26. 
Tilly, 20^ 25. 
Tindell, 26. 
Tinker, 23. 
Tinsley, 47, 55- 
Todd, 23. 
Toles, 26. 
Tomkies, 241. 
Tomsen, 12. 
Tower, 164. 165. 
Towert, i. 
Towles, 82, 83. 
Trabue, 142. 
Trapp, 23. 
Travis, 66. 
Trent, 19a 259, 275. 
Trent, The, 150, 305. 
Tre-Owen, 4, 8. 
Trigg, 203. 
Trostry, 3. 
Truehart, 200. 

Tucker, 121, 232, 238, 295, 296. 
Tufton, 207. 
Turner, 19, 21, 77f 7^ 96. 97, 98. loi. 

Two Mile Creek, 186, 187. 

Turberville, 3. 

Turner, 176, 180, 183, 185. 

Turpin, 262. 

Tutt, 255, 266. 

Tye, 191. 

Tye River, 2cS, 

Tyler, 66, 130. 217-225, 233, 241, 301. 

Tyler's Cradle of the Republic, 185. 

Underwood, 20. 

Upchurch, 36. 

Upper Chipoakes Creek, 113. 

Van. 21. 

Vanmeter, 238. 

Varina Parish, 185, 187, 192, 194, 195, 

w '^ ^^ 
Vamum, 285. 

Vaughan, 4, 6, 23, 125, 289. 

Venubles, 14. 

Virginians Cure, 307. 

Virginia Gazette, 209, 232, 239, 301. 

Virginia Historical Societv, 236. 

Virginia State Library, 68-70, 208. 

Von Tirpitz, 145. 

Voreiddig, 6. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XVI 



INDEX 



Voris, 280. 

Voweiis, ^^, 78, 79. 

Waddill, 119.' # 

Waislow, 23. 

Walker (^WaJ(&r), 2, 4, 19, 22, 26, 96, 

i'5- lJ&>^t, 272, 283, 293. 
Wall, J«^^ft3t2. 177, 179. 

'-..ijWto 180183, 
Var>£ri8j2. 208. 
Warbintori/ 21. 

Ward, T\, 185-199, 203, 237, 258-293. 
Wardlow, 181, 183, 184. 
Ward rope, 283, 
Wariner, 264. 
Warnock, 278. 
Warrasquesike Bay, 210. 
Warren, 34, 35. 43- 
Warth, 21. 
Warwell, 34. 
Warwyn, 5, 6. 
Washington, 33, 66, 138, 147, 148, 152, 

164, 170, 310. 
Washington Parish, 33. 
Waters' Genealogical Gleanings, 61. 
Watkins, 261, 2&2. •* 

Watt, 19. 

Watters, 287, 288. * * ^ 

Waugh, 19. 
Waygh, 19. 

Wayland, 24, sv - ' 

Wayles, 269, 270. c:^ 

Wayne, 164, 167. 
Waxfard, la 

Weedon, 74, 75, 90, 95, 165-174. 
Welles, 305. 
Wellington, 192. 
Wells, 19, 20. 
Wern-ddu, 4. ^ . 

West. 65. 186. • **: 

Wesleyan Female Collepre, 109. 

Westhampton College, ^109. 

Westminster Hall, 34. 

Weysh, 44. - 

Whaley*s Free School, 209. 

Wharton, 19, 20, 264. 

Whartun, 19. 

Wheeler's History of North Carotkta, 

105. 
White, 24, 25, 26, 236, 279, 295. 
White Oak Swamp Meeting, 40. 
White Hall, 12, 15. 
Whitefield, 43- 
Whitun, 19. 
Wilhide, 26. 
Wilhite, 26. 
Wilkeson, 186. 
Wilkins, 96, 07, 98, 100. 
Wilkinson, 98, 177, 179, 180, 264. 



William and Mary College, 49. 182, 204, 

206, 230, 242. 
William and Mary College Library, 65. 

66, 230-241. 
William II, 153, 235. 
Williams, 26, 63, 99, 100, loi, 103, 117, 

119, 287. ^ ^ 

Williamsburg, 4, 33, 52. 54, 65, 83, 174, 

203, 204, 228. 
Williamson, 23, 99, 100^ loi, IQ3, 176, 

177, 180, 181, 184. 
Willis, 19, 23, 25, 74, 76, 94, 168, 174. 
Wills, 56. 
Willoughby, 6, 7. 

Wilson, 151, 212, 216, 217, 220, 221. 
Winder, 146. 
Winslow, 23. 
Winston, 233, 287. 
Winterpock, 260. 
Winter, 91. 
Wirz, 145-151. 
Wisdom, 24, 
Wise, 135. 
Withers, 87. 
Withy, 135. 
Womack, 197, 279. 
Wood, 25. 
Woodfin, 285. 

Woodford, 73, 74, 77, 138, 139- 
Woodruf, 125, 126. 
Woods, 26. 
Woodson, 278. 
Woodward, 247. 
Woolarton, 66. 
Woolfock, 25. 

Wooten (Wootten), 21, 104, IQ5. 
Wormeley, 13©^ 
Wormeley's C-reck, 137. 
Wormell, 24, 
Wormslew 134. 
Worrell, ;:?l, 66. 
Worshaftr ^209, 259, 260, 283. 
Wrenn, »$. 
Wrl^t, 137. ^ 
Wyatt, 285. 

Wyche, 96, I77,.i7i i%>, 181. 
Wyke, 36, 39, 43* 44- 
Wythe, 86, 204, 20^ 239, 241. 
Yager, 24, 

Yarbrough, 24, 26. .- 
Yates, 74, 77. 
Yazoo Fraud, 105. 
Yeardley, 122. 
York, 137, 138, 301. 
York Parish, 138. 
Yorktown, 52, 164. 
Young, 47, 280. 
Zachary, 23. 
Zane, 87, 91. 
Zimmerman, 27. 
Zurich, 147. 



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Vol. XXVn., Na 1 



JULY, 1918 



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College (Sluattetl^ 




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William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XXVII. JULY, 1918 No. 1 

CONTENTS. 



Some Recently Discovered Data Relating to Captain Roger* Jones i 

Orange County Tithe Lists 19 

Pulpit Cloth of Appomattox Church 28 

The Hunnicutts of Prince George 34 

Higginbotham Family of Virginia 45 

Three Early Land Owners of Isle of Wight 57 

Historical and Genealogical Notes 65 

Virginia State Library: Development of Archives Department 68 



WjjU- 



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Arms of Captain Roger Jones 

Quarterly: first and fourth, sable, a fesse Or between three boys' 
heads, front faced, couped at the shoulders proper, crined of the second, 
each with a serpent twined around the neck proper (Ap John); second 
and third, per pale gules and azure, a chevron engrailed Or between 
three lions rampant Argent (Hoskins). Crest: a boy's head as in the 
arms. 



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From sketch made at the Heralds* College, London, of seal on 
the will of (3) Col. Fred'k Jones of North Carolina, dated 1722. 

Jones (Ap John) arms impaling the arms of his wife who was 
Jane Hardmg. 



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XKHilUam anb /l^ar^ (^oUcqc 

^uarterlj? Distorical flDagasine. 

Vol. XXVII JULY, 1918 No. 1 



SOME RECENTLY DISCOVERED DATA RELATING TO 

CAPT. ROGER JONES WHO CAME TO THE COLONY 

OF VIRGINIA WITH LORD CULPEPER IN 1680, 

INCLUDING SEVERAL LETTERS WRITTEN 

BY HIM WHILE A CAPTAIN IN THE 

BRITISH NAVY 

By Lewis H. Jones, Louisville, Kentucky ^ 

An excellent illustration of the use of coats of arms by the 
early colonists in Virginia is found in a letter written in 17^8 — 
which however refers to a much earlier period — by Thomas 
Jones of Williamsburg to his wife who was then in London, which 
she fortunately preserved and brought back to Virginia when she 
returned, from which we make the following extract: "I gave 
you the Same Acct. the 7th Inst, by Capt. Towert which I hope has 
come Safe to your hands, with the Box I sent by him containing 
all the Cargoe you sent for by Porter except some Tamerens I 
took out, there is also three Bottles of Bares Grease that y' Mother 
Sent and the Brass plates of the Chariot & Harness, the new ones 
must be of the Same dimensions to cover the places the old ones 
were taken from; of which there must be four Coats, and two 
Crests for y* Chariot, and Eight Crests for the Harness. One 
of the Brass Topps & the Socket it Screws in of the Chariot being 
lost, I have put up in the Box one of the Topps for a Pattern to 
get new ones made. I shall by some other opportunity Send three 
Toppings for the horses, which must be put in Order and a New 



I The illustrations used in this article, and the letters and documents 
here printed were published in the January, 1918, issue of The Register 
of the Kentucky State Historical Society. Judge Jones kindly offered to 
furnish for the William and Mary Quarterly some additional intro- 
ductory matter and also copies of the illustrations. The Editors of the 
Quarterly gladly accepted this offer and in this issue present in its en- 
tirety the article prepared by Judge Jones and also the illustrations. 



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2 William and Mary Quarterly 

one made to make up the Sett. * * * i have sent you a Copy 
of my Fathers Coats his own and that of his Mother's ; he having 
a right to the latter as she was an Heiress, and as he was the only 
Surviving descendant from her, which I shou'd like better than 
the 'tother, only as I am the younger Bro. it may not be my Right 
to make my Option, or if it is, may be improper in which you may 
be informed at the Heralds Office near St Pauls Church Yard 
for ha: a Guinea or a Guinea you may also be informed what 
Livery is proper to be given, I know my father gave one but 'tis 
now near thirty years agoe Since I saw it at a time when I took 
little notice of such things, which I think you had best take down 
in writing. I am very willing to have the three Coats here de- 
scribed Vizt. Jones, Hoskins, Walker, and your own in one piece 
as you have Seen the first three here." Snugly ensconced in a 
roll of this and other letters to his wife, was the slip of paper, in 
his hand-writing — evidently the "Copy of my Fathers Coats" 
referred to in the letter — giving a description of the Jones, 
Hoskins, and Walker arms, a slightly reduced facsimile of \yhich 
appears on a front page of this article. It should be noticed that 
the order of the colors in the Hoskins coat is reversed in the fac- 
simile, which is doubtless due to reading the colors from the right 
of the spectator instead of from the right of the shield. It is 
noticeable also that the facsimile does not call for snakes about 
the boys' necks, nor do they appear on the seal impression on the 
will of Fred'k Jones of 1722, but their absence appears to raise no 
question in the minds of the heralds as to the identity of the arms, 
and the present Garter King of Arms writing in 191 1 to a member 
of the family says : "Seeing that it is highly probable that your 
ancestor Captain Roger Jones came from the Ap John family, I 
certainly think it would be better for you to use the correct coat, 
which includes the snakes, on your bookplate." In 1910 the will 
of Fred'k Jones was sent to the Collie of Arms, London, and a 
sketch of the seal was made which we reproduce on another page. 
In his letter inclosing the sketch Mr. Wm. A. Caffall of the Col- 
lie says : "The coat as you are aware is that of Ap John impal- 
ing Harding, viz. : A f esse between three childrens heads, couped 
at the shoulders, impaling : — On a bend three martlets, a sinister 
canton charged with a rose between two fleur de lys. Crest : — A 
child's head as in the arms." The arms are those of a branch of 



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Found in a roll of letters written in 1728 by (4) Col. Thos. Jones 
of Williamsburg. Va., to his wife then in London. 



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William and Ma&y Quartekly 3 

the Ap John family long seated in Nottinghamshire, whose arms 
and pedigree are set forth in the Heralds' Visitations of Notts 
and also of Surrey. 

The Welsh preposition "ap" is represented in Norman nomen- 
clature by "fitz,* thus Ap John in Norman would be Fitz John, 
Ap Hugh would be Fitzhugh, etc. Many illustrious Norman 
families settled in Wales after the Conquest, and instead of ad- 
hering to Norman forms, many of them changed their Christian 
names with such a profusion of "aps" as, if possible, to out Welsh 
the native families. The process by which Ap John became trans- 
formed into Jones is familiar to genealogists. Mr. Bradney in 
his introduction to the Book of Baglan has some interesting things 
to say on Welsh surnames, which are usually the Christian name 
of the father or other ancestor with the addition of the letter "s." 
Mr. Bradney says: "When this book was written [1600, 1607] 
surnames were just b^^ning to be assumed. Sir Richard Morgan, 
the judge who sentenced Lady Jane Grey to death, was in reality 
a Turberville, and was called Morgan because that was the Chris- 
tian name of his father." This helps to explain why, after read- 
ily a Welsh pedigree through any number of generations of ap 
Jenkin, ap John, ap Hugh, ap Howel, et cetera, one not infre- 
quently finds the children of the next generation appearing as, 
I. William Jones, 2. John Jones, 3. Hugh Jones, 4. Morgan Jones, 
and so on ,and recovers from his surprise to find simply that this 
generation adopted the English custom of surnames and the 
father's Christian name happening to be John, his children added 
an "s" to it and forthwith became Joneses; for it should be re- 
membered that, in early times, the Christian name John was pro- 
nounced with the "o" long, as if spelled Jone, and it was some 
times so written. "But," continues Mr. Bradney, "it did not al- 
ways follow that the same surname was invariably adopted by all 
of a set of brothers. In the case of Andrew Powell, the Welsh 
judge, who died in 1631, he took his surname from ^is great- 
grandfather Howel [ap Howel], while his elder brother Thomas 
Jones of Trostry in Monmouthshire was so called from his father 
John [ap John] (ap David ap Howel). The surname, as is ob- 
vious from the haphazard way in which it arose, is in many cases 
no clue to the stock from whence the family derived. A much 



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4 William and Mary Quarterly 

surer method by which the paternal stock can be determined is to 
ascertain the coat of arms that the family has borne, even though 
it may be unrecognized by the Heralds' Collie. Prodger [ap 
Roger] of Wem-ddu [and Jones of Tre-Owen and Uanarth] 
were, and Vaughan of Courtfield are, as much Herberts as those 
who bear that surname ; and if any further proof of their paternal 
descent were needed it is to be found in the fact that the coat used 
by them has always been that of Herbert." 

It is evident from the son's statements in the letter of 1728, 
from which we have quoted at some length, that there had existed 
in the family at Williamsburg a painting of the Jones arms quar- 
tering Hoskins, and that these two are the coats to which he al- 
ludes in the letter as "my Fathers Coats." It also appears that 
either in this painting or in another painting there appeared the 
three coats, Jones, Hoskins, and Walker, "in one piece," which he 
reminds his wife she had seen at Williamsburg. From some such 
representation of the arms doubtless, he made the "Copy" or de- 
scription of arms referred to in the letter. The arms were not 
painted on the chariot, as was often the case, they were either en- 
graved or embossed on brass plates fastened to the chariot. Most 
likely the old plates showed only the Jones coat proper, and evi- 
dently this coat was the " 'tother" to which he refers when he im- 
plies a preference for the use of both the Jones and the Hoskins 
coats on the new plates, "which," he says, "I shou'd like better than 
the 'tother." Any such painting of the family arms as we have 
been considering would doubtless be numbered among the posses- 
sions of the father, and while it might remain for a time with the 
family in Virgina would ultimately find its way into North Caro- 
lina, even as the family pictures passed to the elder son in accord- 
ance with a provision in the will of Capt. Roger Jones, viz. — ^"Item 
I give my own picture the Lord Fairfax's picture and a picture of 
fish now over the doore in my best parlour at Stepney aforesaid 
after my now wife's decease to my son Frederick Jones." * * * 
These pictures, the picture of the family arms, the picture of 
Capt. Roger Jones, and the others named in the will, with possibly 
some later accessions, constituted no doubt what was meant by the 
expression "my Family pictures and Coat of Arms" which occurs 
in the wills of descendants in North Carolina of this elder son, 



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William and Mary Quakterly 5 

Fredic Jones of that state. Thus, in the will of his eldest son 
William Harding Jones, who died without issue in 1732, certain 
property is disposed of, "Excepting y* family pictures and Coat 
of Arms which I give to my well beloved brother Frederick 
Jones." This FredTc Jones died intestate and the next mention 
of the pictures we find is in the will of his son Harding Jones, 
who died in 1759, viz. — "Also I give my Family Pictures and 
Coat of Arms to the eldest son of my Uncle Thomas Jones.** This 
Thomas Jones, whose will is dated 1762, devised his property, 
"Excepting the family pictures and Coat of Arms which I give 
to my son Frederick." This son FredTc, whose will was probated 
in 1 791, left all of his property to his wife, presumably dying 
without issue. But he had a brother Thomas who was married 
to Mary Moore, daughter of one of the most prominent families in 
the state, who possibly left descendants. He had also a younger 
brother Maurice Jones who left daughters but no sons. Thomas 
Jones seems to have moved from the conununity in which he was 
bom and where he lived for many years, but whether he moved 
out of the state or only into another county is not known. These 
pictures may now be in the possession of some of his descendants ! 

The arms are an ancient and well known coat, descendnig to 
those entitled to bear them from Moreiddig (or Moreithig) 
Warw)m, the Welshman, "that Moreiddig who was said to have 
been bom with a snake about his neck, 'and therefore he, chang- 
ing his coat, assumed sa. three boies' heads, couped at y* shoul- 
ders, full faced, proper, ermined or, about the neck of each a 
snake, proper*" (See Annals and Antiquities, etc., of Wales, by 
Thos. Nicholas). "He changing his coat,** that is from the spears* 
heads of his father's coat which had descended to him from 
Caradog (Cradoc) Freichfras, knight of the Round Table. An 
accomplished Welsh gentleman and author, who has devoted much 
time to the study of Welsh pedigrees and particularly to Moreid- 
dig Warw)m's line, in a recent letter to one of the family says : 
"That Roger Jones, your ancestor, came from Moreiddig Warw)m 
(*of the white neck') I am as certain as that I am writing this. 
But the links!" Moreiddig was lord of Cantreselif in Brecon- 
shire. He married Elinor daughter of the Lord Rees, prince of 
South Wales. He was a son of Drom ap Maynarch, Lord of Can- 



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6 William and Ma&y Quarterly 

treselif, otherwise called Drympenock, and Drimbenog, son of 
Maynarch, lord or king of Breconshire, and was a brother of 
Bleddyn ap Maynarch who lost his life defending his territory 
from the rapacity of Bernard Newmarch, the Norman, A. D. 1090. 
The Book of Baglan, which is a collection of valuable old Welsh 
manuscripts, scraps of Welsh pedigrees, etc., and must rank high 
as Welsh authority, traces Moreiddig's pedigree through May- 
narch and the knight of the Round Table to a "kinge of Great 
Brittain nowe called England." Descending from the knight of 
the Round Table through a do^en or more generations to May- 
narch, we continue the narrative at page 120, viz. — "This May- 
narch being lord of Brec. had issue Bledd3m ap maynarch, driffyn 
ap maynarch and Drympenock. Drympenock ap maynarch was 
father to moreithig warw)m he that was borne w'th the Adder 
about his necke, for w'ch cause in tyme aftere he forsooke his 
patemall G)ate and gave the 3 Childrens heads w'th adders about 
theire neckes as his posteritie doe at this daye, and of him issueth 
the Vaughans of Brec'sheire and manye other gent who are termed 
Tylwth Voreiddig, that is to saye the posterities of moreithig." 
These quotations from ancient chronicles may not appeal to the 
reader as worthy of a high d^ree of credit, nevertheless they are 
in the main most likely true, and are from sources as reliable 
as perhaps any available to a historian of the period to which 
they relate. 

Abandoning our ancient chronicles for one decidedly more 
modem, and we hope not less reliable, we find in Oliver's history 
of the Island of Antigua Capt. Roger Jones is named among a 
dozen or more persons in Bridge Town, the capital of Barbados, 
to whom a city lot was assigned Sept. 28, 1675. In the same book 
it is recited that a difference existed between named parties, which 
"Major Borraston and Captain Roger Jones are to adjudge March 
31, 1676." Lord Willoughby was governor of Barbados and re- 
sided at Bridge Town. In Lord Willoughby's published cor- 
respondence it is stated, — "1668: Sent Roger Jones about the 
banning of July with his Majesty's orders for the rendition of 
Surinam." And in Acts of the Privy Council we find : "White- 
hall 2 December: Whereas information has been given to the 
Board, that Mr. Roger Jones being one of his Majesty's Sub- 



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William and Mary Quarterly 7 

jects (employed to Surinam by Lord Willoughby with orders and 
Instructions for the Delivery thereof to the Dutch) is Detayned 
Prisoner and continues at present on Board a Dutch Man of 
Warr, now lying at the Isle of Wight, * * * Lord Culpeper, 
Govemour of the Isle of Wight, is directed, etc., to secure the 
Captain of the said Man of Warr, and not suffer him to depart 
until the said Roger Jones be sett at liberty." 

A few years ago, receiving information from an attache, now 
an official, of the Heralds' Collie, that, — "I find among the 
State Papers various letters of a certain Captain Roger Jones of 
the Navy from 1652 to 1665," the services of a genealogist were 
later engaged with the result that a dozen such letters were found. 
All of the letters were addressed to the Conunissioners of the Ad- 
miralty and Navy, and all of them were evidently written by the 
same Capt. Roger Jones. All of them but one were written while 
he commanded the ship Paradox and range in date from 1653 
to 1655, while one was written while he commanded the Cygnet, 
and is dated "From on Bord the Cignett Riding in y* Downs 
y 25th of September 1665." The signature to some of the letters 
was compared with the signature of our Capt. Roger Jones at- 
tached to his will at Somerset House, as to which our genealogist 
writes : "I have now had an opportunity of inspecting the signa- 
ture on the will of Roger Jones in 1702 and comparing it with 
the two signatures in the Public Records Office of Captain Roger 
Jones of the Paradox. There is decidedly no room for any doubt 
whatever that the signatures on Captain Roger Jones' letters and 
the will are by one and the same man. The signature on the 
will is that of an old man." Printed copies of these papers and 
facsimiles of some of them and of the signatures attached, and 
of part of the will of Capt. Roger Jones and his signature to 
same, accompany this artide. The seal on several of the letters 
is armorial, on others the seal is plain without device of any 
kind. Whenever armorial it shows a cross between four pheons, 
which is the coat of the family to which belonged Sir Roger Jones, 
knight, alderman of London, his brother Thomas Jones, arch- 
bishop of Dublin, and the Viscount Ranelagh. 



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8 William and Ma&y Quarterly 

Judging from the smallness of the impression on the letters 
the seal probably existed in the form of a ring which the captain 
happened to be wearing at the time and which probably came into 
his family through marriage. Or it may have been believed that 
the two families were in reality but two branches of the same 
family having a conmion progenitor in a family seated at Tre- 
Owen, or in its vicinity, in Monmouthshire, and that the families 
were entitled to use either of the two coats at their option. Fam- 
ilies sometimes claimed a right to two distinct coats of arms, 
and the family of Sir Roger Jones traces its pedigree back to 
Tre-Owen. If therefore it was mistakenly believed that the fam- 
ilies were the same, the mistake was no doubt mainly due to the 
fact that the families came originally from the same locality in 
Wales, and if Capt. Roger Jones' use of the arms of this family 
shall happily lead to the discovery of his parents and the location 
of his family in Wales the incident will not have occurred with- 
out its important consequences. However this may be, when 
Capt. Roger Jones contemplated a more elaborate use of his arms, 
as by displaying them on his chariot and equipage, he confined 
himself strictly to the arms which he knew belonged to his im- 
mediate family. In the Book of Baglan it is said that Tre-Owen 
is in Wonastow near the town of Monmouth, and at the period to 
which we refer was owned and occupied by the Herbert family^ 
who had however assumed the name Jones ; but under the head- 
ing "Wonestowe," on page 26, it gives the pedigree of a Jones 
family that was living at little Wonastow near by, who derived 
from Thomas Ap John, one of whom William Jones, son of 
Thomas Ap John, married Jane Catchmay and had three sons, 
Walter, Thomas, and Charles. The usual names, William, Walter, 
John, Robert, Morgan, appear in both families. Every pedigree 
of the Hoskins of London and Oxtead, whose arms agree with 
the arms of Capt. Roger Jones' mother, go back to Hoskins of 
Monmouth who married a Catchmay. The Catchmays lived at 
Saint Briavels in Gloucester, across the river but not far from 
Monmouth. It appears highly probable that the Hoskins family 
to which Capt. Roger Jones' mother belonged lived in Monmouth 
or the immediate vicinity and that the marriage of his parents 
took place here and not in London or Surrey as we have been 



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William and Mary Quaeterly 9 

expecting to find. The circumstance that both Jones and Hoskins 
married Catchmays would pave the way for greater intimacy and, 
as is often the case, perhaps for a marriage between the two 
families. 

In the Public Records Office, where the letters were found, 
there are various entries concerning him and his movements while 
he was a captain in the navy. Thus, as early as June 9th, 1651, 
we find : "Roger Jones is Master of the Expedition," that is, he 
commanded the expedition. 

Repeated efforts have been made to find a Jones-Hoskins mar- 
riage from which Capt. Roger Jones might have sprung, without 
success, except that in the printed parish rasters of St. Mary 
Magdalene, Bermondsey, this marriage entry occurs along with a 
number of entries of births and deaths in the Hoskins family: 
"1601. Hoskins, Mary & Pallmer, Henry;" and in Marriage 
Licenses for Canterbury (Armytage), also in London Marriage 
Licenses (Foster) this: "Jones, John, of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, 
London, Merchant Taylor, Bachr. & Mary Palmer, of same, 
widow of Henry Palmer, piscator, dec'd ; at St. Botolph, July 23, 
1618." K the widow Palmer who married John Jones (John 
ap John?) was Mary Hoskins, they could very well have been 
the parents of Capt. Roger Jones, so far as anything to the con- 
trary appears, except for the fact that he appears to have been 
an older man than this marriage will admit of. In his letter of 
1655 to Col. Salmon, one of the Commissioners of the Ad- 
miralty and Navy, he says: "For the space of 15 years past I 
have been your faithful servant," which must mean that he had 
served them for fifteen years in his then capacity, that is, as 
commander of a ship in the British navy. But if this were true, 
he was a commander of a ship in the navy in 1640 when, if he 
were an issue of this marriage, he could not have been over 
twenty-one years of age, which would make him a very young 
captain in the State's navy. Furthermore, from the way he writes 
in this letter of his "Merchandizing affaires" to which he was ex- 
pected to return and which he had abandoned when he accepted an 
appointment in the navy, it would seem that he must have been 
captain of a merchantman for a period anterior to 1640 in order 



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lo William and Masy Quarterly 

to have then had any merchandising affairs worthy of mention. 
Consider the case of his friend Sir Richard Haddock who is 
named in Capt. Roger Jones' will as one of several small l^atees. 
He was bom in 1629 and was eighty-five years old when he died 
in 171 5. Sir Richard Haddock belonged to a seafaring family 
especially distinguished for the number of gallant ofHcers it 
had furnished the navy. His father and his grandfather, so his 
biographers say, had both been captains in the State's navy, and 
he therefore probably enjoyed the traditional "pull." Yet it 
was not until 1657-8, when he was twenty-eight years of age, 
that he became captain of a frigate (the Dragon). From 1661 
to 1666 he commanded the Supply, a merchant ship trading to 
the Mediteranean. In August 1666 he commanded the King's 
ship Portland. It was the King's ship and the King's navy then, 
but a few years prior to this, during the interr^^um, it was the 
State's ships and the State's navy. In a few months, when the 
fleet was put out of commission, he returned to the merchant 
service, and for five years commanded the Bantam, of which 
he was part owner, in trading voyages to the Levant. In 1672 
he was appointed captain of the Royal James, was knighted in 
1675, ^^^ was made an admiral in 1690. 



STATE PAPERS, DOMESTIC, NAVY PAPERS, INTERREGNUM 

Vol. 61 No. 82 Folio 145 Public Record Office, London. 

Right 

worshipfull hauing recued a warrant from the commissioners of 
Dublen to sayle with the frigute under my Comand for Giester watter 
and thear to receue one bord from the treasurer out of the Nightinggall 
frigott and lickwayes shuch ofecers as are hear to convoye them for 
Dublen, but being formerly imployed a bout Waxford bay hath soe 
much disalbed me in my ground tackell and sence my coming heather 
that I haue but one Cabel to trust to thearfor my humble request is that 
I may bee supplayed with a Cable hear or at Leartopole for this that I 
haue heath f ealed mee 4 or 5 tymes allredey that I haue been licke to 



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William and Masy Quarterly ii 

lose my Anckors this desiring your Worshipts to conseder mcc I tacke 
Leaue and reman. 

Your worshipts most 

humble Serwant to Comand, 

Roger Jones. 

Chester Water, 

Paradox. No^' 24. 
1653. 

(Address) To the Right worshipfull the 

Commissioners of the Navey 
Thes Present, 
in London. 



STATE PAPERS, DOMESTIC, NAVY PAPERS, INTERREGNUM 
Vol. 79. No. 48. Folio 85. Public Record OflBce, London. 

Right Honourable, 

My humble service presented unto you. Thb is to certifie your 
Honours in what readiness our Frigott is, the which at present is amended 
and tallowed, and I hope within this three or fower dayes to have all 
my provisiones on board, to be ready to take the first oportunity of winde 
and weather for Ireland or where your Honours pleas to commaund me. 
I hope shee will prove a Thite Frigott, for had it not bene for the beame 
that wee bitt our Cables to, her bones had flowen out Wee had fower 
foote water uppon the ballast when wee came heere. Thus not hauinge 
more at present I take leave & remayne. 

Your Honour's humble servant to command 

Roger Jones. 
Paradox 
From Leuerpoole this 8th of February 

1653 
Dublin 

(Address) To the Honourable the Commissioners 
of the Admiralty & Navie 
present this with Care 

3 
II 

(Endorsed 8th Febr. 1653 
C. Jones of the 
Paradox 



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12 William and Mary Quarterly 

STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM 

Vol. 8i. No. 109. Public Record Office, London. 

Right Hon*>»« 

My humble service presented to yo^ bono" &c. These are to ac- 
quainte yo^ bono'* of the readiness of the vessell that I am to take into 
my Charge according to yo' bono" order & that the said vessell as yet 
hath not any of her lading in, & the boats vr^ are to carry downe the 
provisions aboard are beneppe & will not nor cannot goe downe where 
she lyes, untill the latter end of the next weeke, and att present I haue 
according to Order taken into my possession a Thousand poindes & 
upwards to transport to the Isle of Man for the use of the Commander 
in Cheife w^ the rest of the Office" & souldiers there in guarrisone, 
and Cap^ Tomson now being in Leuerpoole water & wilbe ready on 
Munday next, & bounde for Ayre. My humble desire therefore is that 
yo^ bono" will lett me further know yo' pleasures whether I shall con- 
tinue still in obeyeing yo' former order or leave the abouesaid ship of 
provisions to the Charge of Capt. Tomson being both bound for one & 
the same Port, and likewise whether I shall (according to an order 
directed to me att Dublyn as I am informed) come for the River of 
Thames, for I haue taken in a moneths provision for the present service. 
Soe hopeing yo' bono" wilbe pleased to lett me know yo*" pleasures heerin 
I desire to subscribe my selfe 

Yo' bono" most humble Servant to Command 

Roger Jones. 
Chester 
Aprill XV^ 

1654 

(Address) 

(Address) For the Right honW«: the 
Commissioned of the 
Admiralty These 
Present att 
Whitehall 
For the service 
of the State 
Hast post hast 

LONDON 

(Endorsed 15th Aprill 1654 

Mr. Roger Jones to y« 
com™ from Chester 



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William and Mary Quarterly 13 

STATE PAPERS, DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM 

VoL 82, No. 16 Public Record Office, London. 

Right HonWe 

After the tender of my humble Seruice Represented unto yo' Hono" : 
This is to giue yo' Hono" and Accompt of my Proceedings For the Con- 
voying of a Vessell Loaden w"» Prouisions, for the Guarrison of Ayre in 
Scotland, and Lykewise moneyes w^^ was sent to the Isle of Man, Accord- 
ing to yo^ Hono" Orders. Both w«^ I haue performed. And at my retume 
to Dublin I find my Instruccions from yo^ Hono", soe as to Continue uppon 
these Coasts w<* I shall willingly Obserue to the utmost of my Power, And 
shall thereby, attend yo«" Hono" and my L* Gen" Fleetwood his Comands, 
w«* shall be the great ambition of 

Right Hon^>« 

Yo^ Hon" Most faithful 
and humble Servant, 

Roger Jone(s) 

Dublin, 40 May 

1654 

For y Right HonoW« y Com™ For 
the Adm*"*^ and Navy 
at Whitehall 
London 
Haste haste 
Poste 
haste 

(Endorsed) 4 May 1654 

Captain Jones from Dublin. 



STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM 
Vol. 91, No. 5 Public Record Office, London. 

Theis are to Certifie all whome it doth or May Conceme That the 
bearer hereof Cuthbert Bembridg of Deptford, Mariner, is a man fearing 
God, of good Repute, and one that is & alwaies hath beene well affected 
to the State, and Imployed himselfe in the service aboute Seaven yeers, and 
formerly was boatswaines Mate & boatswaine of severall of the States 
Shipps, and at present is boatswaine of the Parradox Friggott whereof 
Roger Jones is Comander, And to our knowledg he is a man of good 
Resolution & Courage, and an able and well experienced Mariner & boat- 



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14 William and Mary Quarterly 

weaine sufficient to take Charge as boatson of Shipp or Friggott, and by 
reason of hb good affection & fidelitie fitt to be Imployed in the States 
service. In testimony whereof we haue hereunto subscribed our names 
the 2« day of December 1654 

Roger Jones 
Will« Ledgant 



STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM, 

Vol. 103, No. 42 Public Record Office, London. 
Right 

honourabell after my hombell sanies presented to yower honours 
this is to acquant yow that as yeat I hafe not all my bootswin store one 
bord nor all my prouisones of Vetell but as sone as thay are one bord I 
shall and God willing lose no time and according to yower honours com- 
mand shall prosed thus humbly tacke leafe and remaynne yower honotirs 
seruant to Comand 

Roger Jones. 
From one bord the 
Paradox in the hop 

Janary thb : 12 : 1654 

(Address) For the Right honourabell 
the Com** of the admarlty 
and naue at Whit hall 
this 

(Endorsed) C. Jones. 

12 Jan. 1654 



STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM 

Vol. 113, No. 93 Public Record Office, London. 

Right honor*>^ 

After My hunblc Service to your honnors Presented I haueing Re- 
ceiued and order from My Lord Debity and Consall for my Repaire for 
the North of lerland and thare to Receiue such goods as should be put 
on bord Belonging to Collonel Venubles I haueing Likewaies A 
prisner which was sent me A board at Dublin he being taken 
for Murder I was to deliuer the said prisner to the Maior 
of Chester and Likcwaise thare to deliuer the said goods: the 
which when I had Performed my Vittels was Expended and the Frigctt 
very f oule and my boate Not saruice Able I thought it my dutie to Ac- 



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William and Mary Quarterly 15 

quaint your honors tharewith and of my being heare that I might know 
your honors Comands : As for my Wants I shall God willing yoiis My best 
indeuor to Acomplish and trust in God that I shalbe Readie In a feu dayes 
to take the first opertunity that may present to Retume to My Comanded 
pbce at Dublin your honors not haueing Any farther Comand. So takes 
he leaue That is your honors Most humble seruant to Comand. 



Roger Jones 



From on bord the 
Parradox 7:ber loth 
stilo Angelic : 55 : 

(Address) For the Right Honorable 
The G>mmbsioners of the 
Admiralltie and Nauie this 
dlL 
At White hall 

(Endorsed) 10 Septemb^ 1655 

Cap* Jones. 



STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC; INTERREGNUM 
Vol. 114, No. 40 Public Record Office, London. 
Right Honorb^". 

After My humble Seruice presented this is to Acquainte your hon®" 
that I haue Reciued you" bareing date the 15th of this Instante I haueing 
formerly and order from you*" bono" dated the 23th of Apre* 55 for my 
supply at Kingsale or Dublin I had supply at bouth acording to order 
untell such Times as I Receiued an order from Me Lord Debity and 
Consell for my Repaire for the North of Ireland I haueing Not prouision 
Repaird to Mr. Roger Drake Vitteller with your bono" former order 
he denied me and tould me That he had Receiued Express from the 
Contractors to vtttell Noe More ^nzre and by Reason of that I was 
forsed to goe to Me Lord Debity and (Consell for an order before I could 
gett one Moneths pro" the w** when I had Receiued I followed my orders 
takeing The first opertunity that did present Yett being Crost with Con- 
trary Winds Eare I could gett to this place I was forced to putt My Men 
to half e Lowance at My Ariuall heare I had no more but two dayes proui- 
sion Left After the same Alowance Tharefore I shall desire your bono" 
not to thinke Amb of my coming heather for formerly I haue Layen 
fourteen dayes Eare I could gett Any P^liision To come to me at Chester 
water the which I being formerly so hard put for getting of p^uision I 
thought to haue done for the Best the w^ I Trust to guie to your bono" 



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i6 William and Maky Quarterly 

so good sattisfaction In foDowing yoa>' bono" Comands to the utmost of 
Life and power that yoiK hono» win not Any Waies diinke Amb of him 
whomc is yoiK hono» Most hnnble Servant 

Roger Jones 
From Leuerpoole 7*^ 
this 18: 55 

(Address) For the Right honor^ die 

Commission of the Admirall^ 
And Naoie this 
At White HaU 

(Endorsed i8* Sept 1655 
Capt Jones. 



STATE PAPERS, DOMESTIC; INTERREGNUM 
Vol 114, No. 82 Public Record Office, London. 
Right Honora<»i. 

After My humble Seruice to your h<Miors presented this at present 
is to giue your honors to understand diat I haue Acomplished The Most 
parte of My Busines in fitting the frigett with such Nesisaries as was 
Needful and Likewaies now At present haue taken A Board the Most 
parte of our Prouision and shalbe Readie God willing to take the first 
opertunity of wind and wether that shall present A Boute the Latter End 
of this weeks to Repaire unto My Comanded place of Dublin thare to 
follow such orders as shalbe issued from My Lord Debitie and Consell 
you"" bono" not haueing Any farther Comand So Resteth him that is you"" 
bono" most humble seruant 

Roger Jones 

From Leuerpoole 

7:ber the 2561/55 

(Addressed) For the Right honorable the 
Gnnbhoners of the Admaraltie 
And Nauie this dU' 

At WhitehaU 

25th Sept 1655 * 

Capt Jones from 
Leverpoole. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 17 

STATE PAPERS DOMESTIC, INTERREGNUM 

Vol 136, No. 179 Public Record Office, London. 

May it please yo' Hono'. 

For the space of 15 yeares past I haue beene yo' faithful! servant, 
my encouragem^ but small my imporuem^ as to my outward estate nothing 
at all. But that w^ ades most to my a£Fliccion is that I should be laid 
aside in these times of Accion in the prime of my yeares & strength 
as uselesse and unserviceable. I cannot say my acdons haue beene ex- 
empted from humane frailties but willingly I haue not (to my best re- 
membrance) omitted or neglected any thing whereto by my place and 
calling I haue been obliged Yet if I haue been guilty of any miscarriage 
that may iustly incurr yo' bono" displeasure let it (upon my humble 
submission) by yo' goodness be over looked. I am willing and I hope able 
to doe yo^ further service, for after soe many years disertion of my 
Marchandizing affaires an Imploym^ in that behalf e is not (in these sad 
times of trade) easily obteyned. I beseech yo^ therefore make me happie 
by the enioymen* of yo' favo*" and for ever oblige 

Yo' allready obliged & devoted 
servant 

Roger Jones 
March 17th 
1655 
(Addressed) for the Hon'We c:olonell 
Salmon one of ye Com" of 
the Adm'"3r 

These 

(Endorsed) 17 March 1655 
Cap* Jones for 
employment. 



STATE PAPERS, DOMESTIC, CMARLES II 1665 

Vol. 133, No. 37 Folio 69, Public Record Office London. 

Honoured Sirs, 

Thesse are to (jiue yowre Honours notice that we are safe Ariued 
from Ostend, in the Downes though after a very dangerous voyage for 
we rid a very hard Roadstead for almost two daies our Fregott makeing 
such weather and theire goeing such a Sea that our shipp was like to a 
foundred under us at an Andcor, & if the Storme had continued a little 
longer our Cables had broke & we had been all lost for all our 
ground tackle is quit spoyled & we have but one Ancker and cable 



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i8 William and Mary Quarterly 

to trust to heare in the Downes & after we Rid in the Road we was 
sent into the Harbour of Ostend the govemour being very angry and asked 
how we durst come in without his order. He made us lay our Fregott 
allongst the Pilles the outermost shipp in the Harbour so that we was 
in as much danger of loosing our Fregott theire as in the Road she Beat- 
ing so against the Pilles that started the very trunells and Beate the Ocum 
out of the Seames two or three foote in a place, it blowing so hard and 
Runing such a Sea that our Anckors would not hould her, & our prest men 
Runing away at every Port we come to they wanting Clothes & I nott 
knowing how to supply them our Fregott being such a sad winter Shipp & 
Makeing such weather that the men will nott stay, therarefore I would 
desier youre Honours to order me wheire I shall be supplyed with Cables 
and one Ancker of about fine hundred weight for I had but two Anckers 
alowed me at Deptford & I would intreat you to order me wheire I shall 
vituall for my vitualls is all spent & I would intreat youre Honnours to 
helpe me to some Qothes for our men. So with my humble semis pre- 
sented to your Honours desiring youre Honours to lett me heare from 
you, I Remaine, 

Your Seruant to command, 

Roger Jones 
from on Bord the Cignett 
Riding in the Downes the 25th 
of September 1665 (Wax Seal) 

(Address) These 

To the Right Honourable the 
Principall officers of his Majesties 
Neauie, at the Navie Office in Seething 
Laine thesse deliver. 

(Endorsed) 25 7ber 65. Downes. 

C^ptn. Joanes of the Cignett. 



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William and Mary Quastbily 



19 



ORANGE COUNTY TITHE LISTS 

Orange County was created by act of assembly August 1734 from the 
westernmost portion of Spotsylvania G>unty. This act was directed to 
take e£Fect on January i, 1734/5 s^d the boundaries of the new county of 
Orange were defined as "all that territory of land adjoining to, and above 
the said line [i. e. the line as established by act of May, 1730^ dividing St 
George's Parish, Spotsylvania into two parishes to be known as St 
George's and St Mark's; St Mark's being above the said line, or to the 
west thereof. Henning IV., 305] bounden southerly, by the line of Han- 
over county, northerly, by the grant to the Lord Fairfax, and westerly, 
by the utmost limits of Virginia." (Hening IV., 450). Orange G>unty 
when first created included the now counties of Augusta, Frederick, Cul- 
peper, Madison, Greene, Shenandoah, Rockbridge, Rockingham in Vir- 
ginia, a great proportion of the territory of the present State of West 
Virginia, and the whole of the present State of Kentucky. 

The tithe lists given below are four for the years 1734, 1738 (two) 
and 1739 respectively, while four of the Ibts are not dated. For a full 
account of Orange County see A History of Orange County, Virginia, 
from Its Formation in 1734 (O. S,) to the End of Reconstruction in 
1S70 , , . By W, W, Scott . . . Richmond, Va. Everett IVaddey 
Co., 1907- 

* ♦ ♦ iy\A ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦! 



John Christopher 
Will" Dann[?] 


9 


3 


John Hawkins 


13 


Alex* Waygh [Waugh?] 


6 


Samll George 


6 


Vollontine Morgin 


6 


WiUm Qark 


3 


Beniamin Horn 


I 


Cap" Spenser 


13 


John Smith 
Nathan Turner 


3 


3 


, ames Whitun 
'Villiam Minor 


2 


2 


John Bramham 


9 


William Mortun 


14 


William Smith 


4 



John Ferrell 

John Walker 

George [M?]oflFett 

Soloman[?} Ryon 

William Christopher 

[Nico?]lau3 Christopher 

Old Adam 

Tho" Whurtun [Wharton?] 

Charles Watt** 

Will" Chronoker 

James Thortun [Thornton?] 

John Wells 

John Dozer 

Thos Night 

A" Co" Willesquart€ 

Will" Davis 



ter 



^ This list is very much faded and many names are scarcely legible. 



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20 



WiLUAM AND Mary Quarterly 



Jonathan Ferrell 

Will" Hokins [Hawkins?] 

John rH?]orin 

John Edwards 

George Whotun [Wharton?] 

Beniamin Porter 

Will»Buccom[?]« 

James Stuner[?] 

Simon Buccom[?] 

George Anderson, Senir, 

John Under Wood 

George Anderson Jun'[?] 

Sam" * * ♦ 

John Manewell 

Rich* Sims 

John Dotwood[?] 

Theofelus Edings 

Tho" Rocefurd[?] 

Tho" Russell 

Henry Jonsun[?] 

H[?] John Curtis 

Steven Raccom* 

Thos Fore[?] 

Edward Price 



A List of Delinquents for the Year 1738 
J.cb stover 3 {^^/^^J^'' 

John Tilly I who was G>nstable Tho" Bryen i no distress 
Jacob Cassel i in M' Russel's 
List & added 



5 

I 


Allenastbon[?] Newman 
Briant Sisson 


4 
3 


I 


WiU» S. * * * 


I 


I 


Rob* *urvil[?] 


II 


3 


Tho» Sims 


2 


* 

I 
I 

4 
3 

I 
2 
5 


Tho" Rolloy[?], Senior, 
Jhn Ingrom 
John Marks 
Sam"[?] Graves 
Rich* Pennun[?] 
John Pottoy[? 
ThosPottoy ? 
Arebun[?] Moor 
Fran- * * * 


4 
4 
4 
4 

4 
3 

I 

3 

2 


I 
I 
2 


John Fisha [Fisher?] 
* * * * [undecipherable] 
Rob* Rusell 


2 

5 

2 


2 


Tho" Shambles 


2 


I 


Will" Q)new [Connor?] 


2 


2 


Luke Thomtun 


2 


I 
I 


John Ranfiel[?] 
Tho« Michael 


•I 
I 


12 

* 


George Wells 


2 



David Finley i ran away 
David Evans i ran away 
Ja' Hamilton i ran away 
Ja" Keatton i no effects 
Buckner Allison i not found 
Rob* Adam" i no distress 
John Bledso i a mistake 
Tho" Baskill i not found 



Ja" Barry i not found 
W" Coxes, I not found 
W" Clark, i a mistake 
Joseph Fenn i ran away 
Edw* Ferral i ran away 
John Ferral i no distress 
John Fox, I ran away 
John Gon i not found 
W" Harrison 3 I know not the 
man 



* The first letter of this name may be 6, and hence Baccom, a cor- 
ruption of the present Beckham. 



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William and Mary Quastsrly 



21 



W" Hawkins, i dead no e£Fects 
Timothy Johnson 3 ran away 
Rich* Jenkins i no eflFects 
John Lenderwood 2 I know not 

the man 
Tories Lewis i not found 
W* Layfe, i not found 
Tho" Mitchell, i not found 
W* Mathews i not found 
[Co] melius McClarey i ran 

away 
Bro* over 37 
John Noel i ran away 
Cha* Oaks i ran away 
John Palley 2 not found 
W* Rush I dead no eflFects 
Ja* Stevens i no eflFects 
Rob' Skelton i not found 
Antho Thornton 4 a mistake 
Mark Worrell i not found 
Geo: Crow i not found 
John Roberts i no eflFects 
Edward Watts i ran away 
Tho" Wooton i ran away 
W" Collins I ran away 
Tho* Little i ran away 



To a Called Court on 
Rebecca Shaw 



140 



55 
Orange County to Henry 

Downs jy 
To a Called Court on 

Rich* Cross 
alsBreden 
To 55 Levies @ 22 h ^ 

Tithe I237>4 



} 



140 



1377}^ 



I5i7>4 
A List of the Delinquents 
Over Shenandore, for y* year 
1738. 

George Hill run away 
Will" Fuller run away 
Frances Ward run away 
Fra" Fleat Crust run away 
William Co run away 
Phillip Kenny run away 
John Haywood run away 
Sam" Haywood run away 
Joseph Haywood run away 
Ellick Sender run away 
John Warbinton run away 

Andrew Van [ ?] cannot be 

fotmd 
James Renfroe hath no estate 
Stephen Renfroe hath no estate 
John Sheldon run away 
John Turner Run away 
Robart Turner no estate 
John Jones Run away 
Joseph King Run away 
John Setterfield Run away 
William Amol Run away 
* * * Amoll Run away 

Constables Refuseth to pay 

Hutzin [Hudson?] Gilder 

James Hill 

Richard Morgan 

Robert Warth 

Per Tho» Postgate, 
D.' Sher. 



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22 William and Mary Quarterly 

The List of tithes wherein I Thomas Red at Barbers [Bar- 
am G>nstable for the year 1739. hour's?] G>urter six tithes 
M' Richard Thomas Sixteen M' Battaile Courter^ seven 

tithes tithes 
Cap Rucker four tithes 

Ambros Powel at Materson's [Madison's?] home house seven 
tithes 

Samuel Drak three tithes 

George Burd one tithe 

Zachary Gibbs three tithes 

James Q>leman six tithes 

William Bell three tithes 

Joseph Motten [Morton?] six tithes 

Edward Walker two tithes 

Hezekiah Rhods two tithes 

William Rhods one tithe 

William Croswait three tithes 

George Anderson three tithes 

Edward Tandsley[?] three tithes 

James Thusten[?] one tithe 

Samuel Backer [or Baker, or possibly Rucker] one tithe 

John Bamitt four tithes 

Earey[?] Taylor three tithes 

Robard Bohanaugh at Balors [Baylor's?] G>urter seventeen tithes 

John Gof three tithes 

Richard Cemp [Camp, Kemp?] at Cap Hills Quarter five tithes 

Thomas Jones seven tithes 

M*" Zachary Talor [Taylor] ten tithes 

John Davice [Davis?] two tithes 

Cap Scott's Corter nine tithes 

John Hathon[ ?] at Docter Gorden Courter three tithes 

James Choward at Beale Courter six tithes 

M** Materson [Madison?] black leavel six tithes 

George Eastham Curnal Grimes [Colonel Grymes?] Courter eigh- 
teen tithes 



^The word spelled throughout this list Courter is a corruption of 
Quarter. 



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WnxiAH AND Mary Quartbrly 



23 



Richard Durrut [Durrett?] at mines Courter six tithes 
John Botts at madom tods [Madam Todd's?] Courter nine tithes 
John Lukess at madom tods [Madam Todd's?] Courter ten tithes 
James "^Colady[?] at Cumal Williss Courter [Colonel Willis?] 

eight tithes 
John M*Coy at Thomas Edmondson courter five tithes 
Thomas Gresona[?] at Beniamin Waislow [Winslow?] Courter 

seven tithes 
Richard Winslow three tithes 
Robert Deadin two tithes 

Mark Thorton at James Taylor Courter seven tithes 
William Clark at talerfers [Taliaferro?] Courter seven tithes 
Comal [Colonel?] Chew eight tithes 

In all the List of Tithes comes to 251 by me 

Elijah Daniel, constable. 

A List of Tithables in the precinct of James Pickett, Constable. 

Walter Vaughan i 

John Rogers 3 

Walter Lenord 3 

Tho* Brown 2 

John Shelton i 

W™ Loggins I 

Jonathan Gibson's Quarter 4 

Martin Trapp i 

John Bush [or Rush?] 2 

John Forrester 3 

W" Williamson i 

John Farrow i 

Moses Battley's Quarter 5 

Leonard Phillips 2 

Patrick Walsh 3 

John M^Daniel 2 

David Phillips 2 

John Zachary 2 

W"^ Phillips 5 

Robert Morgan i 

Benj* Cave 5 

Blan Ballard's Quarter 2 

John Grymes Esq' Quarter 15 

John Stone i 

Michael Holt 3 



Thomas Rucker 


3 


John Howard 
W" Crawford 


I 


2 


Benj* Coward 


3 


Rich* Maulden 


3 


Tho* Morgan 


2 


Benj* Thomson 


I 


Major LeVaune[?] 


3 


Tho" Jackson 


6 


Thos" Coleman 


I 


Fra- Pickett 


I 


Michael Gary 


2 


Isaac Tinsley 


I 


Henry Ware 


3 


W°> Rucker 


I 


W°> Pierce 


2 


Peter Rucker 


6 


John Gath 


3 


Tho" Stanton 


I 


Tho" Zachary 


I 


David Zachary 


2 


Ann Stogdill's Quarter 


2 


W»Offil 


I 


onas Archer 


2 


]a" Stevens 


I 



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24 



WnxiAic AND Mary Quastebly 



David Ford 


I 


\dam Carr [Garr] 


3 


Anthony Head 


3 


W" Carpenter 


4 


John Haresnipe 


I 


Rich' Yager 


5 


Geo Bruce 


2 


Tho« Watts 


4 


Abraham Bledsoe 


3 


Edw* Watts 


2 


Abraham Bledsoe, Jun' 


I 


Tho* Edmondson 


I 


Tho" Downer 


I 


Geo Thompson 


I 


Isaac Smith 


I 


John Phillips 


3 


W° Terril's Quarter 


2 


W» Henderson 


3 


Mark Stowers 


I 


Tho« Coker 


I 


Sam* Taliaferro 


I 


John Eddins 


I 


Guy Meek 


I 


Daywall Cristler 


I 






Adam Yager 


I 




143 


Mathew Smith 


2 






Henry Crowder 


I 


Henry Downs Quarter 


2 


CTiristley Browel 


I 


Michael Pearson 


I 


John Hansborgow 


I 


W» Stone 


2 


Michael Smith 


3 


Geo Simmons 


2 


Daywat Cristler 


I 


John Simpson 


3 


Michael Keiffer 


I 


Tho» Jones 


3 


Geo. Moyers 


2 


Joshua Yarbrough 
Mark WormeU 


2 


ohn Rowse 


2 


I 


Tho-Wayland 


I 


Rich* Yarbrough 


2 


Mark Finks 


2 


Henry Sparks 


I 


lenry Haws 


5 


Rich* Holcomb 


3 


^ ohn Blueford 


2 


Lau: Crees 


2 


]bhn Wisdom 


3 


Cortney Browel 


I 


W" Jackson 


2 


ikorge Lun [Long?] 


I 


W"* Eddins 


4 


, ohn Hoymen 


I 


. ohn Scott's Quarter 


3 


ohn Carpenter 
4[athias Castler 


2 


nias Smith 


I 


I 


^ ames Barbour 
David Bruce 


8 


Michael Cook 


I 


I 


Henry Snider 


I 


W- White 


I 


Rob* Tenner [Tanner? 


2 


Tho" Bledso 


I 


Geo : Tenner [Tanner ? 
Lodowick Fisher 


I 


Rob* Cave 


2 


I 


W°» Rice 


I 


Geor Jeter 


I 


Cha- Blunt 


I 


Phillip Roote's Quarter 
Henry Moceoy[Tj 


15 


^51 




I 


143 In all 294 


151 


Anthony Strother's Quarter 5 










John KiUy [KeUy?] 


I 







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William and Mary Quarterly 



25 



A List of the Tithables in my Precinct [Henry Rice, G>nstable] 



Henry Isbell 

W» Cuddin 

Tames Haley 

fedward Haley 

W» Cox Jun' 

Geo Cox 

Obediah Howerton 

W»Cox 

Daniel Singleton 

at Col* Willis Mine Run Q' 

Capt W° Bledsoe 

Isaac Bledsoe 

W" Thompson 

George Brasbone on ¥• Mine 

Run 
Cap* George Harden 
at Mad"* Fleets Quarter 
at Rich^ Bradley's 
John Evens 
Sam' Smith 
Backnel Alverson 
Geo: Steward 
Jeremiah Dear 
John Collins 
at Nathaniel Clayboms 
W» Wood 

Cap* W"> Beals' Quarter 
Joseph Thomell 
Stephen Gubbon 
James Coleman 
Thomas Jones 
Tho- Hill 
Charles Curtis 
Rich* Bridge 

John Cook 
loses Harris 
Jos[?] Woolfolk 



177 



Bro* up 
John Henderson 
W° Mathews 
John Brock 
Tho* [Duerson?] 
Col® Aug* Moore 
Laz* Tilly 
Tho* Burghs 
Jos: Shears 
Sam' Brock 
Roger Bell 
Tho" Cook 
John Biving 
John Goldson 
David Cave 
Daniel Cook 
Malachi Chiles 
Abraham Mayfield 
James Stephens 
Rich- Lamb[?] 
John Stq)hens 
Larkin Chew 
John Thomas 
Daniel White 
W»Prat[?] 
W» Taylor 
George Smith 
Charles Stephens 
Jostophonice Smith 
James Elliot 
David Griffen 
W" Jones 
John Griffen 
John Clayton 
W« Stephens 
John Hiott 
Andrew Harrison 
Heniy Rice 

Total 



"^17 
I 
I 
I 
2 

4 
I 
I 
I 
2 
I 
2 
4 
3 
3 
I 

3 
2 

4 
I 

I 

5 
2 

3 
I 

7 
3 
4 
I 

5 
I 
I 
I 

7 
I 
I 
5 
3 

197 



^Me Henry Rice Constable 



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26 



William and Mary Quarterly 



A List of Tithables in the precinct of Tho" Callaway Constable 



Geo: Braxton's Quarter 

Robt Brooks's Quarter 

Sarah Brooks's Quarter 

Madam Stanard's Quarter 

James Lindsey 

M' Lawson's Quarter 

Mrs. Rippon's Quarter 

W°» Callaway 

Jeff ry Crowley 

Joseph Keatton 

James Keatton 

James Meredith 

John May 

Geo : Douglass 

John Goodall 
' ra* Williams 
John Ennis 
W" Smith 
James M*^Kenny 



8 James Stodgill 

6 Tho» Buttery 

5 Honorius Powell 

6 John Hunt 
3 Tho* Wood 
5 Trueman Fry 
2 William Bunch 

1 David Rock 

2 W° Herren 
I Joseph Phillies 
I James Ireland 
I James Dier[?] 
I Henry Findell [or Tindell?] 

1 James Tiley 

2 

2 in all 66 

I 

I per me Thos. Callaw[ay] 
I Constable. 



John Mickell This List of Tithables in his Precinct. 



At M"" Fiys Quarter lo 

John Smith i 

Alexander M^^fearson i 

Joshua Yarbrough 2 

Zacharias Sparks i 

John Layton 2 

John Toles [Towles?] 2 
Thomas Waker [Walker?] 3 

Spentor Bobo i 

Henry Fields 3 

Francis Mickell i 

Mathew Stanton i 

W°* Duett 2 

John White i 

John Duett i 

James Morgan i 

Tobias Wilhite i 

John Stolts I 

Frederick Bumgamer i 



Christopher Moyers 


I 


Peter Deaver 


I 


Mithaell Wilhite 


2 


George Woods 
Pals Plunkabeamer 


3 


2 


Nicholas Plancabecner 


2 


George Shively 
Conrat Slater [?] 


I 


I 


Jacob Broill 


I 


Zacharia Fleshman 


2 


Peter Fleshman 


2 


Richard Birdine[?] 


2 


John Wilhide 
Michaell Claur 


I 


2 


Martin Dattuck[?] 


I 


Michaell Oneall 


I 


George Paylor 


I 


W°> Martin 


3 


Zachary Martin 


A 



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William and Mary Quarterly 27 

Nicholas G^plin i John Sutton i 

Nicholas Coplin 3 Robert Hutchison 2 

David Onell i Joseph Bloodwoth 3 

John Kyner 3 Thomas Candy i 

Christopher Qnell 2 John Fiell 2 

Thomas Fargison i Christian Qemon i 

John Thomas i Jacob Manspoill i 

Henry Slater i 

John Zimmerman i 

John Dotson i Totall 100 



\ I 



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28 William and Maky Quarterly 



THE PULPIT CLOTH OF APPOMATTOX CHURCH 

Westmoreland County, Virginia. Book entitled "Orders Sic 1705 
to 1 721" Page 270, dorso. 

Westmorland S. S. { At a Cald Court for the said County 
the third day of June 171 5 by virtue of a Precept from Henry 
Ashton Gentl. &c. 

1 Present . . . Willoughby Allerton 
Benja : Berryman, Daniel McCarty, 
Thomas Bonam, John Chilton and 
Joseph Bayley. 

( Dnn Rex 

Court Proclaimed. -< vs 

( Alworthy 

Robert Alworthy a Prisoner in the Comon Goal 
of this County Comitted by virtue of a Mittimus 
from Henry Ashton and John Chilton, Gentl. two 
of his Maj :**•• Justices for this County bearing date the 28th day 
of May 1 71 5, Upon Suspition of his the sd Alworthy's felon- 
iously Stealing a Pulpitt Cloath out of the Church in Appamat- 
tox in Washington Parish in the said County being brought to 
the barr by order of this Court to answer the same. And upon 
his examinacon being first askt whether he knew the Velvett 
Cloath then shown to him, he answered, Yess. 

2dly. How came you to know it. 

He answered. Because he bought it of William MurflFey for 
a serg vest 

3rly. Did you know this Wm MurfFey and doe you know 
what is become of him. 

He answer'd, he knows that he was a jobber in the parts and 
that he came from Maryland & went thither again and that he 
carryed him thither. 

4thly. How long was it after you bought the said Velvett 
before you carried the sd MurflFey to Maryland. 

He answer'd about a week 



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William and Mary Quarterly 29 

5thly. How long is it since you carried the afores'd MurflFey 
to Maryland. He answer'd, Last fall was twelve months. 

6thly. Did the said Murflfey ever come back from Maryland, 
he answer'd noe never as he knew. 

7thly. What thoughts had you of the afores'd Velvett when 
the same was oflFered to you for sale. 

He answered, he had noe thoughts about it. 

8thly. How long is it since you heard Mattox Church was 
Robb'd. 

He answer'd the sixth day of May Last. 

9thly. Did you ever see a Pulpitt Cloath in the Church of 
Mattox. 

He answer'd, he believes he has. 

lothly. Doe you know whether the same was of the same 
Colour and the same Velvett as the Velvett now shown you is. 
He answer'd for what he know's it might be soe. 

iithly. Doe you know whether the afores'd Velvett which 
is now made into breeches be the same which was made use of 
in the afores'd Church for a Pulpitt Qoath. 

He answer'd, noe he does not. 

I2thly. How long has the same been made into breeches. 

He answer'd about two months since. 

I3thly. Doe you know what shipp the afores'd MurflFey 
wrought on board. 
He answer'd noe. 

I4thly. Doe you know whether you had the sd Velvett of 
the aforesaid Wm Murflfey before you Rctum'd the Coat said 
to be stol'n by him from Capt. Parts. 

He answer'd he bought it after he had delivered the said 
Coat to Mr. Arrington. 

iSthly. Doe you know whether the sd Murflfey had the 
Velvett aforesaid in his possession before you retum'd the afore- 
said Coat to Mr. Arrington. He answer'd, Yess. 



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30 William and Maky Quarterly 

i6tMy. Did you hear Mr. Arrington or any other person 
relate or say at the time you carried the Coat aforesaid to the 
sd Arrington that the aforesaid Church of Mattox was Robb'd, 
and that the Pulpitt Qoath was Lost. He answer'd, noe. 

And there upon It was ordered that Thomas Arrington, 
Sophia Codlien, Patrick Doyle, Ruth Cannady, Turloe Money 
& Charles Cannady. 

Evidences Sumoned for our Soveraigne lord the King against 
the Prisoner at the barr, should be Cal'd who severally sworn 
and exaemined as foUoweth. 

Thomas Arrington, doe you know the Prisoner at the barr. 

He answer'd, Yess. 

2dly. Did you say anything to the sd Prisoner (when he 
brought you the Coat said to be delivered to you) about the 
Ptilpitt Cloath a foresaid. 

He answer'd, noe it was not then known to him to be stolen. 

3dly. Doe you know whether the Pulpitt Cloath afores'd 
was hanging in the Church afores'd at the same time you re- 
ceived the sd Coat. 

He answer'd, he then knew not nor ever heard any discour's 
that the same was stol'n or whether the same was in the Church 
or not. 

Sophia Codliew, doe you know the Prisoner at the barr. 

She answer'd, Yess. 

2dly. Doe you know the Velvett now shown you which is 
made into breeches. 

She answer'd yess she had seem it. 

3dly. Where, she answer'd, at Robt. Alworthy's. 

4thly. Did you se any C)rphers of Gold or Silver on the 
same. 

She answer'd noe But she se the Taylor making the same at 
Robert Alworthy's house. 

Patrick Doyle. Doe you know the Prisoner at the barr. 

He answer'd, yess. 



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William and Maky Quarterly 31 

2dly. Doe you know the Velvett now shown to you which 
are made into breeches, he answer'd yess and he believes the 
same to be made of the Pulpitt Qoath that was in Mattox Church 
and that Ruth Cannady told him that Ruth Alworthy took it 
away from William Murflfey who brought it there with some 
Green silk fring & other things Rap't upp in a Coat, and that 
the sd Cannady told him that the sd Murffey haunted the house 
for severall days and wanted it again, and that her mother, Ruth 
Alworthy told him that if it should be known he would be 
hang'd, and that the sd Cannady said twas a square peice of 
Qoath and that her sd mother charg'd the children not to speak 
of it and that this discours past between them some time in 
May last. 

Ruth Cannady. Doe you know the Prisoner at the barr. 

She answer'd, Yess. 

2dly. Doe you know the Velvett now shown to you which are 
made into breeches. 

She answer'd, Yess, she knows t'was brought to Robert Al- 
worthy's house by one William Murflfey. 

3dly. Where was your father & mother when the said Mur- 
flfey brought the same to the said Alworthy's house. 

She answer'd they were in the Tobacco house hanging 
Tobacco. 

4thly. Did you se the Pack the afores'd Murflfey brought 
to your father. She answer'd Yess and that she se the same 
opened. 

Sthly. Was the afores'd Velvett in one or two peices. 

She answer'd, in two peices, but the Length of either she 
knows not. 

6thly. Doe you know what discours past between the sd 
Murflfey and the said Robt. Alworthy when he opened the Pack. 

She answer'd Robert Alworthy askt him where he gott the 
Coat and Velvett afores'd, who answer'd, amongst the shipping. 



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32 William and Maky Quarterly 

Tthly. Doe you know whether the afores'd Ruth Alworthy 
at the opening the said Pack or at any other time did charge you 
or some of the family not to disclose Robert Alworthy's pur- 
chaesing the said Velvett and that she told the said Murffey If 
this was known that he would be hang'd for it or words to this 
Effect. 

She answer'd, she knows nothing of it neither did she tell 
Patrick Doyle soe. 

8thly. Doe you know what other things was in the Pack be- 
sides the Velvett. 

She answer'd, some brass buttons, some silk Green Fringe a 
silk handkerchief and a coat and two peices of Green Velvett. 

Turloe Money, Doe you know the Prisoner at the barr. 

He answered, Yess. 

2dly. Doe you know anything relating to the Theivery the 
said Prisoner stands accused of. 

He answer'd, he knows nothing of the matter. 

Charles Cannady, Doe you krtow the Prison'r at the barr. 

He answer'd, Yess. 

2dly. How long is it since William Murffey brought the 
Velvett now shown to you to Robert Alworthy's. 

He answer'd Last fall was twelve month, and that the chil- 
dren told his mother Ruth Alworthy that Murffey was come and 
after she followed him to the Landing and charg'd him of being 
therefor noe goodness. She made him open a Pack that he 
had wherein was a parcell of buttons. Green silk ffringe and 
the Velvett now shown to him which are made into breeches, 
wrap't up in a Coat and after severall words past between them 
the said Murffey acknowledged he had stol'n them out of a 
Capt. of a Shipps boat. All which evidence being well weigh'd 
and mature consideration there of had by the Court, It is their 
opinion and accordingly ordered to be Entered on Record that 
the aforesaid Robert Alworthy for the fact where of he stands 
accused ought to be try'd at his Maj :"•• Hono :**• Court of oyer 
&Terminer. And thereupon they doe remand him to the Coimty 



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WnxiAK AND Maky Quaateely 33 

Goal aforesaid. And It is alsoe further Considered that pre- 
cepts be f ortwith Issued for Conveying the said Robert Alworthy 
to the Publique Goal at the City of Williamsburgh in order to his 
tryall for the said Crime. 

[Defendants gave bond of ten pounds each for their appear- 
ance at Williamsburg.] 

A true copy of the original record, dictated to a typist by me there- 
from» and afterward compared with the original manuscript by me, 
Fd>ruary 20th, 1918. 

Charles Arthur Hoppin, 
Examiner of Records and Writer on Family History, 

Lawrence Washington, son of CoL John Washington, in his will 
proved 1698, bequeathed a pulpit cloth to the Pope's Credc Church of 
Washington parish. The ancient register of baptisms, marriages and 
burials of this chuch was extant until about twenty years ago, when I 
am informed at Montross, it was given by a parishoner to his children 
to be cut up by them into paper dolls. The register of St Paul's parish, 
which originally embraced a part of that part of Westmoreland county 
set off for King George county in 1721, has been removed therefrom and is 
now held as "private property." 

The register of Cople parish being also lost, Westmoreland county 
b without vital records prior to 1800. 

C A. XI. 



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34 William and Mary Quarterly 

THE HUNNICUTTS OF PRINCE GEORGE 
By James Branch Cabell 

This family has long been confused with the Hunnicutts of Suny 
County: the error arising naturally enough, from the fact that John^ 
Hunnicutt, propositus of the Hunnicutts of Prince George, during the 
seventeenth century made his home in Surry. Augustine^^ Hunnicutt was 
living in Surry in 1653 his will, dated 30 May 1682, recorded in Surry 
6 March 1682-3, shows that he left issue Augustine,' Robert* and Kath- 
erine* (then the widow of Samuel Cornell). Augustine* Hunnicutt 
(will, dated 10 March 1706-9, recorded 2 May 1710) had only one son, 
Augustine* Hunnicutt (will, dated 14 July 1743, recorded 19 October 
1743)* who left numerous descendants in Surry. Robert* Hunnicutt 
removed to North Carolina, where he too left descendants, in Johnston 
and (jranville counties. 

It is conceivable that Augustine^ Hunnicutt was brother to John^ 
Hunnicutt, the founder of the Prince (George family: but Augustine 
must have been by some twenty years the elder and setting apart one 
trivial circumstance, nothing has been discovered to show any connec- 
tion between the two bearers of this rather unusual surname, both of 
whom settled in Surry at about the same time. 

John* Hunnicutt, born circa 1650, died 1699, first figures in 
the Surry (bounty records in 1668, being then named in the 
"List of Lawnes Creek Tythables," and assessed for one tithe. 
John Hunnicutt, "who hath Married Elizabeth Warren, daugh- 
ter of Mr. Tho: Warren, dec'd," gave a receipt to Mr. Mathias 
Marriott, for "her p'portion as it was given unto the Co'rt by 
Mrs Jane Warren," in Surry, 20 March 1670-1, this document 
being acknowledged at the April Court 1671. She was daugh- 
ter of Thomas Warren of Smith's Fort, in Surry, (by his sec- 
ond wife, Elizabeth , widow of Major Robert Shepherd of 

Surry) : compare note i. 

Surry County records for the next thirty years contain frequent 
mentions of John^ Hunnicutt, but none of particular interest Thus John 
Hunnicutt appraised the estate of Thomas Warwell 11 May 1675; and 
was named among the tithables 10 June 1675. John Hunnicutt was re- 
ported for not frequenting the church 9 July 1675; and on 26 February 
1676-7, was among the forty residents of Surry who, having been con- 



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William and Maky Quarterly 35 

ceraed in Bacon's Rebellian, addressed a petition to the King, "to throng 
ourselves at his Maj'ties & ye Rt. HonoT)le Sr. Wm. Berkeley's feete for 
Mercy and Pardon." He is named among the tithables in October 1678; 
again in 1679, and assessed for one tithable "in precincts of Southwarke" 
10 June 1684, &c^ &c. 

John^ Hunncutt died in Surry early in the year 1699. 

"An Inventory and appraisem't of the estate of John Hunnicutt, 
dec'd, taJUn the 17th of Aprill 16991 

2 small sowes, 9 piggs, and 3 shoatts, at 250 

I feather bed, i old bedstead, i feather pillow, 2 blankets 400 

I spitt, a Pcell of old lumber 100 

I small iron pott and hookes, i meale barrell, 2 old skilletts, 2 old 
metal sifters, 2 glass bottles, i brasse candlesticke, i small 
earthen dish loo 

850 

"Aprill 17th 1699: Wee, the Subscribers, being appointed by ord'r 
of Court dated 7 day of March 1698-9, and swome by Mr. John Edwards, 
have valued the above p'ticulars to the summe of eight hundred & fifty 
pounds of tob'o. 

John Clarkk his X mark 
Thomas Hobton his X mark 

"At a Court held at Southwarke for the County of Surry, 4 July 
1699 — This day appeared in G>urt Elizabeth Hunnicut^ Adm'ix of John 
Hunnicutt, and made oath that the above-said was a true and perfect 
Inv'ry of the said dec'ed's estate. Test Fra; Clements, CI. Cur." 

John* Hunnicutt and Elizabeth Warren had issue : ^^'^^^tx^ 

I. John* HuNNicuxr^'^Tho patented 350 acres in Isle of mght 
County, 24 March 1725-6^ on the south side of Nottoway river, and the 
south side of the Three Creeks, the bounds beginning at the creeks, 
and bordering the land of John Dortch and Smith's Branch. This land 
was in the present Southampton County. In Isle of Wight is recorded 
a deed by John Hunnicutt, dated 17 October 1732, acknowledged in court 
on the same date, convesring to John Thorpe 200 acres of this tract 
There is also a deed by John Hunnicutt, dated 19 October 1732, acknowl- 
edged 24 October 1732, conveying the remaining 150 acres to Augustine* 
Hunnicutt of Surry, — grandson to the propositus of the Hunndutts of 
Surry. This is the sole hint thus far discovered of any connection be- 
tween the two families, and cannot be taken as very conclusive. John* 
Hunnicutt ap(>ears thereafter to have made his home in Prince George 



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36 



WnxiAif AND Ma>y Quastbbly 



\l 




if 



County. At a court held for Prince George G>unty April, 1740, Holmes 
Boisseau and his wife Rebecca acknowledged a deed of land to John 
Hunnicutt: conceivably, howevei;^, this was John* Hunnicuttj John* 
Hunnicutt seems to have left no issue. 

II. Robert* Hunnicutt, of whom hereafter. 

III. WiLLiAii* HuNNicuTT^wnose inventory was recorded in Surry 
18 March 1718-9, by Elizabeth ^Kmnicutt, as administratrix: accounts for 
the estate were recorded 19 July 1721, by John Upchurch. William* 
Hunnicutt left no issue. 

I 

Robert* Hunnicutt, born circa 1675, living in 1740, re- 
moved to Prince George County, presumbaly about the time of 
his marriage, at which period or perhaps a little earlier he be- 
came a Quaker. It was in or about 1700 that he married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Peter Wyke (and Huldah Ladd) of Prince 
George. Peter Wyke had joined the Quakers, to all appearance 
not later than 1689, ^^<1 ^^ i^ improbable that his daughter mar- 
ried out of that sect : compare Note 2. 

There is a land-patent, granted 23 March 171 5-6, to Robert Hunni- 
cutt of Prince George G>unty, for 100 acres "on the south side of the 
main black water Swamp, in the County of Surry, & bounded as fol- 
loweth: — Beginning at a white oak on the north side of Warwidc 
Swamp; thence north twenty five degrees West one hundred & ten pole, 
to a red oak, a comer of the said Hunnicut's old land; thence by his old 
lines north fifteen degrees East Sixty pole, to a hicory; & north ten 
degrees East eighty pole, to a lightwood post, over the nm of the long 
meadow branch; then down the run of the said branch, to Warwidc 
Swamp aforesaid; & up the various courses of the run of the said 
Swamp, to the beginning." This tract was in the extreme north west 
comer of present Sussex County, so that his "old land" overlapped into 
Prince George. 

Robert^ Hunnicutt must have joined the Quakers, as has been said, 
as early as 170U. He had certainly become a member of this sect by 
1718, and was delegate "for the Meeting House near Curies in Henrico" 
at the Yearly Meeting 6 July 1718. In 1719 the Burleigh Meeting was 
authorized "near Robert Hunnicutt's," and he was named overseer for 
Burleigh 6 June 1719. Thereafter the records and registers of the Bur- 
leigh and Blackwater Meetings, and the Gravelly Run records, abound 
in data concerning Robert Hunnicutt, his wife, and their descendants. 
His wife, Margaret Hunnicutt, first figures therein 5 March 1720-1, and 
she too was living in 1740. 



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William and Maky Quarterly 37 

The following items are from the fragmentary Prince George 
County records: 

Deed, dated 8 August 1721, by Richard Nance, of the parish of 
Bristol in Prince George G>unty, to Robert Hunnicutt of the parish of 
Martins Brandon in Prince George G>unty: in consideration of £13, 
convesring ''a certain Tract or parcell of Land, Sdtuate, Lying and being 
in the Parrish and G)unty aforesaid, G>ntaining one hundred Acres, and 
bounded Vizt : begining at the head line of Benjamin Forster's Tract of 
Land on Blackwater, and runing from thence down to the branch that 
divides the said Forster's and John HoUowa/s Land, and down that 
branch, to the main Blackwater Swamp; thence up the said Swamp, to 
the upper end of the said Forster's Islands in the said Swamp; and 
thence along a line of Markt Trees, to the head Line at the begining." 
This deed was acknowledged in open court by Richard Nance and his 
wife Mary, "At a Court held for the G)unty of Prince George at Mer- 
diantshope in Prince George County, on the second Tuesday in August, 
being the Eighth day of the said Month, Anno Dom : 1721." 

Deed, dated 11 December 1721, by Burrell Green and his wife Anne, 
and Francis Poythress, all of Surry, of the first part, to Robert Hunni- 
cutt of Prince George County, "Shooemaker," of the other part: in 
consideration of five shillings, convejdng "for the Term of one year," 
"one Tract or parcell of Land, Containing Two hundred Acres, more or 
less, Sdtuate, Lying and being in the County of Prince George, on both 
sides the Easterly Run: the same being part of a Pattent for one thou- 
sand Acres of Land granted unto Rebecca Poythress, by an Escheat 
Pattent, bearing Date the twenty-ninth Day of Aprill, in the year of 
Our Lord one thousand six hundred Ninety-Two: the moiety, or one 
halfe, of which Land is in the possession of Littlebury Epes; and three 
hundred Acres more of the said Land was given to Rebecca Poythress, 
the daughter of the aforesaid Rebecca the Pattentee: the other Two 
Hundred Acres, the residue thereof, was given unto the aforesaid Anne: 
having for the Bounds thereof the side next to the said Rebecca's three 
hundred acres where they join together, and on the other sides the 
Courses of the said Pattent and Deed of Sale from Batte to Ardington." 
This deed was acknowledged at a court 'lield at Merchantshope the 
second Tuesday in December, being the twelfth day. Anno Dom: 1721." 
At this same court was acknowledged another deed, dated 12 December 
1721, by the same to the same, convejring the aforesaid tract outright, 
in consideration of £21 los. This land was near Jordan's Jomey, and 
had been purchased by Ardington from the Batte family prior to 1682: 
compare a land patent, dated 20 April 1682, to Henry Batte and James 
Thweat, for 673 acres, 2 rods, 6 poles, in Charles City County. The 
above-'mentioned patent to Mrs. Rebecca Poythress is likewise preserved 
at the Virginia Land Office: and recites that the 1,000 acres granted her 



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38 William and Mary Quarterly 

"according to yc most ancient & Rightfull bounds thereof/' was declared 
escheat "from Edm'd Ardington, dec'ed," 19 November 1690. 

Deed, dated i February 1726-7, by G)melius Cargill of the Parish of 
Martins Brandon in the G>unty of Prince George, to Robert Hunnicutt 
of the Parish and County aforesaid: in consideration of £18, convejring 
"one hundred and Fifty Acres, be the same more or less, together with 
all Houses, Orchards and Orchards to the said one Hundred and Fifty 
Acres belonging or in any wise Appertaining, &c" These 250 acres are 
described as lying **on the South side of the Gittail Swamp, on the North 
Side of the Blackwater Swamp, and on both sides of the Reedy Branch 
of the said Cattail Swamp, in the Parish and G)unty aforesaid; and 
formerly were in the Tenure, Holding and Occupation of one Thomas 
Anderson, now deceased, and by James Anderson and Charles Anderson, 
two of the Sons of the said Thomas Anderson, after his Decease, Sold 
and Conveyed to the said Cornelius Cargill," by a deed dated 10 March 
1718-9 conveying forty-five acres, and a deed dated 14 April 1719 con- 
ve3ring 105 acres. This instrument is witnessed by James Gee, James 
Fletcher and William Hamlin: possession was delivered i February 
1726-7, and tiie deed was acknowledged in open court by Cargill, at a 
court held at Fitzgerralds 14 February 1726-7. The two conveyances by 
James and Charles Anderson to Cargill, to which reference is made, are 
still preserved in the Prince George records. This is evidently part of the 
400 acres in Charles City County, on the south side of the river, patented 
20 September 1683 by Thomas Anderson, "in the p'ish of Westover, on 
Cattail Main Branch," &c. 

Deed, dated 9 May 1727, by Robert Hunnicutt of the County of 
Prince George, Cordwainer, (that is, a worker in leather), to John Hollo- 
way of the same County, Planter: in consideration of £13, conveying 
100 acres, of which the bounds are duly recited. This was the land pur- 
chased from Richard Nance in 1721. This instrument furthermore re- 
cites that these premises were sold by Benjamin Forster to John Leonard, 
who in turn sold tiie tract to Richard Nance. This deed is witnessed by 
Richard Herbert, Edward Holloway and William Holloway: and was 
acknowledged in open court by Robert Hunnicutt, at a court held at Fitz- 
gerralds 13 June 1727. 

"A List of all the Surveys in Prince George County from June 1725 
to June 1726," made by Robert Boiling, Surveyor, includes "Feb'ry 8th: 
To a Survey for Robert Hunnicutt, on the Cattail Branch: Including 
the Survey of 196 Acres purchased of Cornelius Cargill, adjoining hb old 
Land whereon he Lives: 297 Acres." 

Among the Surry County records is a deed by Robert Hunni- 
cutt of the Parish of Martins Brandon in the County of Prince 
George, to Wyke Hunnicutt of Surry : "for and in consideration 



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William and Mary Quarterly 39 

of the Natural Love and AflFection which I bear unto my son 
Wyke Hunnicutt of the County of Surry, and for his advance- 
ment and preferment in this World, and also for the Considera- 
tion of his releasing his Right To me of the Tract of Land I now 
live on, in ye said County of Prince George," conveying "three 
htmdred and acres" in Surry. This deed is in frag- 
mentary condition, but contains decipherable references to 
"Pattent" and "thousand seven hundred and fifteen," so that the 
100 acres of land patented by Robert Hunnicutt in 1715 was evi- 
dently a portion of the tract conveyed, with probably 250 acres of 
the adjoining "old land" referred to in the patent. This deed is 
dated 21 July 1731, with a note that peaceful possession had been 
delivered, and was acknowledged in coiut 21 July 1731. The wit- 
nesses were Thomas Addison and Charles Gee. 



At a Court held for Prince George County August 1738, Robert 
Hunnicutt was a witness in a suit brought by William Anderson against 
John Ellis, and "Affirmed (being a Quaker) &c." 

At a Court held for Prince George County April 1740, "Robert Hunni- 
cutt and Margaret his Wife Acknowledged their Deed for Land (In- 
dented & Sealed) and Livery of Seizin thereon, to Peter Peebles, the said 
Margaret being first privately examined as the Law directs, and found 
Voluntary. Ordered the said Deed and Livery of Seizin be Recorded." 
According to the Blackwater and Burleigh registers, Peter Peebles (bom 
26 September 1714, died 2 April 1794) had in 1737 married Huldah, daugh- 
ter of William Ladd of CHiarles City (she being bom 13 April 1712, and 
dying 6 June 1784), who was thus cousin to Margaret Hunnicutt. 

No reference to Robert* Hunnicutt has been discovered later 
than 1740: the Burleigh records indicate that both he and his wife 
were dead in 1752. 

Robert* Hunnicutt and Margaret Wyke had issue : 

I. Wyke* Hunnicutt, bom circa 1701, of whom hereafter. 

IL Peter* Hunnicutt, bom 1703, who 7 August 1728 was granted a 
certificate "for the Meeting at Pequamons in North Carolina," as to his 
clearness in regard to his proposed marriage with a member of that Meet- 
ing. He was a witness, at a court held in Prince (George June 1738. in a 



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40 William and Maky Quarterly 

suit brouc^t by John Hamlin against Peter Binford, and "Affirmed (being 
a Quaker) &c" Peter' Hunnicutt had issue : 

(i) Robert^ Hunnicutt, who in November 1754 married Ann 
Simmons, who was perhaps a ¥ridow. On 12 February 1755 he 
patented seventy-five acres in Prince George G)unty, on the north 
side of Blackwater, and adjoining lands owned by his uncle Robert 
Hunnicutt and the land of John Bonner. "Ann, wife of Robert 
Hunnicutt, an Elder and Member of Burley Meeting, Departed this 
life the Eighth Day of the nth Month 1788." "Robert Hunnicutt, 
the son of Peter Hunnicutt, an Elder and Member of Burley Meet- 
ing, Departed this life 28 April 1795." Robert* Hunnicutt and Ann 
Simmons had issue: Mary,* bom 1755, who in May 1773 married 
William Ladd (of Charles City County, but then a member of the 
White Oak Swamp Meeting in Henrico) ; Martha,* bom 24 Sep- 
tember 1757, who in July 1775 married Chappel Binford of Prince 
(jeorge; Jane,* bom 18 March 1759, died 2 November 1759; Peter* 
bom II May 1763, died 18 May 1763; Elizabeth,* bom 18 June 1764; 
Sarah,* bora 5 November 1766; and Thomas,* bora 22 May 1769, 

who married Mary (she dying i November 1793, leaving 

issue James,* bora 12 September I793)- 

(2) William* Hunnicutt, who married Mary, daughter of 
James Butler of Din¥riddie, in April 1762, and drca 1774 removed 
to Dinwiddie. William* Hunnicutt and Mary Butler had issue: 
Sarah,* bom 10 July 1763; Ann,* bom 21 May 1765; Mary,* bom 
16 March 1767 ; James,* bora 30 January 1769, who married Delitha 
(and had issue Joshua Bailey,* bom 23 January 1793) ; Wil- 
liam,* bom 15 November 1770; Peter,* bom 13 March 1772, died 
2 July 1775 ; John,* bora 9 February 1774, died 3 July 1775 ; Martha,* 
bora 6 June 1776, died 10 May 1785; Elizabeth,* bora 19 March 1778; 
Tabitiia,* bora 3 September 1780; and Robert,* bora 15 September 
1782. 

III. HuLDAH* Hunnicutt, who married Francis Newby of Nordi 
Carolina, 7 February 1722-3. They had issue: Robert* Newby, bora 16 
April 1724; Mark* Newby, bora 25 March 1726; Margaret* Newby, bora 
29 May 1728 ; and Miriam* Newby, bora 20 April 1730. 

IV. Mary* Hunnicutt, who married Jesse Newby, 9 January 1727-8. 

V. Robert* Hunnicutt, who, on 13 July 1733, married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of William Lead. He married, second, in October 1772, Agnes Chappel, 
who was probably a widow. "Robert Hunnicutt, Senr,^ an Elder & Mem- 
ber of Burley Meeting, Departed this life the 13th of the 2nd Month 1783, 
and was Buried the 15 day of the same in a friends' Bunring ground of tiie 
abovesaid Meeting House." Division of the estate of Robert Hunnicutt, 



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William and Maky Quaxterly 41 

deceased, pursuant to a decree in Chancery of May 1787, was recorded in 
Prince George 2 July 1787, tiie division being made by Thomas Harris, 
William Bonner and Joseph Bonner. Robert^ Hunnicutt had issue: 

(i) Robert Wyke^ Hunnicutt, who in February 1764 married 
Prisdlla Binford, and died in 1768; leaving issue: Samuel,' bom 
1766, who received his estate from his guardian (?an uncle) 
James Binford 4 November 1787, by a receipt recorded in Prince 
George 6 December 1787, and was living in August 1797 (accord- 
ing to a survey made for Benjamin^ Hunnicutt) at the juncture of 
Gittail and Reedy Branch; and Rebecca,* bom 1768; who in 1787 
married Glaister* Hunnicutt 

(2) William^ Hunnicutt, who in June 1768 married Mary 
Binford (who died 18 June I775)« Deed, dated 8 January 1788, 
and acknowledged 9 April 1788, by John Daniel and his wife 
Winny, to William Hunnicutt, all of Prince Cieorge: in considera- 
tion of £39, conveying a tract of fifty acres on the south side of 
Blackwater, formerly the plantation of John Daniel, deceased, 
father to the said John Daniel, and described as bordering the 
lands of William Hunnicutt, Joseph Brockwell and William 
Phillips: witnessed by Drury Livesay, Amos Livesay and Jesse 
Hunnicutt Deed, dated 11 December 1787, recorded in Prince 
(^rge 12 February 1788^ by William Hunnicutt, emancipating 
three slaves. In 1797 William Hunnicutt was transferred to the 
Cedar Creek Meeting in Hanover. William* Hunnicutt and Mary 
Binford had issue: Jesse,* bora 15 July 1769 (who emancipated 
three slaves in Prince George, ii January 1791, by a deed recorded 
14 June 1791) ; and Susanna,* bora 8 March 1771, died 4 January 
1777. 

(3) Sarah* Hunnicutt, who in 1787 was the wife of »— 

Nixon. 

(4) Huldah* Hunnicutt, who in 1787 had married 

Simmons. 

(5) Margret* Hunnicutt, who in March 1767 married Ben- 
jamin Crew of (Tharles Qty. 

(6) Miriam* Hunnicutt, who in March 1768 married Joseph 
Butler. 

(7) Benjamin* Hunnicutt, under age in 1787, probably a son 
of the second marriage, with Agnes Oiappel 

(8) John* Hunnicutt under age in 1787, probably a son of 
the second marriage. 



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42 William and Maky Quarterly 

VI. Margabet* Hunnicutt, who married Thomas Chappel, 5 Decem- 
ber 1751. 

VII. John* Hunnicutt, dead in 1772, who married, first, , 

and married, second in February 1743-4, Elizabeth of Nansemond 

(who survived him, and in July 1775 married Stephen Butler.) John 
Hunnicutt had issue: 

(i) John* Hunnicutt, son by the first marriage, who in 
March 1761 married Mary Butler. John Hunnicutt emancipated five 
slaves by a deed, undated, recorded in Prince George 12 February 
1788. John* Hunnicutt and Mary Buder had bsue: Elizabeth,^ 
bom 8 April 1763; Edward,^ bom 26 July 1764; Ephraim,^ bora 
31 October 1766; Ruth,* bom 13 January 1769; Daniel,* bom 17 
January 1771; Robert* and Martha,* twins, bom 25 December 
1779; Mary,* bom 10 December 1782; Elizabeth,* bom 26 March 
1793. Of these children, Edward* and Daniel* were living in 
Prince George in 181 1, according to surveys made in that year. 

(2) Elizabeth* Hunnicutt, child of the second marriage, who 
in November 1762 married James Bates. 

(3) James* Hunnicutt, son by the second marriage, who in 
May 1772 married Rebecca, daughter of Joshua Pretlow of Sussex. 
James* Hunnicutt removed from Prince George to Goochland, and 
afterward to Hanover, where he was a member of the Cedar 
Creek Meeting. James* Hunnicutt and Rebecca Pretlow had issue: 
John Murdaugh,* bom 16 December 1773; Ann,* born 6 Septem- 
ber 1775, ^o in 1790 married John Johnson; Miriam Murdaugh,* 
bom 21 September 1777, who in 1798 married Timothy Terrell; 
James,* bom 12 February 1780; and Thomas Pretlow,* bom 5 
September 1782. 

VIII. William* Hunnicutt, who was dead in 1769, when his widow, 
Miriam Hunnicutt, on 26 October 1769, married John Pleasants of Henrico. 
She and her three unmarried daughters were transferred to the Henrico 
Meeting 18 November 1769. William* Hunnicutt had issue : 

(i) Jesse* Hunnicutt, living in 1767. 

(2) Robert* Htmnicutt, living in 1774. 

(3) Thomas* Hunnicutt, who in March 1774 petitioned, through 
his brother Robert, to remove to Cain Creek in North Carolina, but 

afterward returned to Prince George. He married Miriam , 

and had issue: Sarah,* bom 30 October 1778; Mary,* bom 31 Jan- 
uary 1780; Debora!i,* bom 23 October 1785; and Thomas,* bom n 
September 1794. 

(4) Miriam* Hunnicutt, unmarried in 1769. 

(5) Margret* Hunnicutt, unmarried in 1769. 

(6) Ann* Hunnicutt, unmarried in 1769. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 43 

NOTE I 

Thomas Warren was son of Sir Edward Warren, Knight, of Poyn- 
ton. Baron of Stockport, bom 1563, died 1607, High Sheriff of Cheshire, 
knighted in 1599 while serving in the Irish wars, and sixteenth in lineal 
descent from William de Warren, second Earl of Surrey (who died in 
1138.) Thomas Warren was a child of his father's third marriage (with 
Sosan, daughter of Sir William Booth of Dunham-Massey), and was 
bom circa 1610. There is a patent to Thomas Warren, dated 20 Novem- 
ber 1635, for 300 acres in the County of Charles City, "bounded South 
upon Bayliffs, East upon the maine woods. West upon the river. North 
upon the fower mile creek": 150 acres due in right of his wife Susan 
Greenleafe, the relict of Robert Grecnleafe, 50 for her personal adventure, 
and 100 for "her former husband, Robert Greenleafe, being an antient 
planter in the time of Sir Thomas Dale": the remaining 150 acres being 
due for Warren's personal adventure, and the transportation into Vir- 
ginia of two persons, John Fonke and Ruth Whitfield. Thomas Warren 
made his home in James City County on the south side of the river, at 
Smith's Fort, near the present Scotland, and so became a resident of 
Surry when that county was formed in 1652. He was burgess for James 
City County for the session beginning i October 1644, and for Surry for 
the sessions beginning i March 1658-9, 10 September 1663, and 23 Octo- 
ber 1666. He married, second, in 1654, the widow of Major Robert 
Shepherd of Surry: the county records show the lengthy and interest- 
ing articles of agreement, made 23 September 1654, recorded 8 Novem- 
ber 1654, "between Mr. Tho: Warren of Smith's fort in the County of 
Surry, and Mrs. Elizabeth Shephard, widow, of Lower^ Chipoakes, prior 
to solemnization of matrimony between themselves." He married, third, 
Jane ^ who survived him. Thomas Warren was dead in 1670, leav- 
ing issue: John Warren, living in Surry 1681, of whom no further record 
has been discovered ;^ichard Warren^ho removed to Maryland ; Thomas 
Warren, who died in Maryland id 1685 ; and Elizabeth Warren, who mar- 
ried John! Hunnicutt. For axfditional Warren data, compare Virginia 
Magazine of History and Biog/f'aphy, Vol. VI., p. 200. . v ' '• 

NOTE 2 

Peter Wyke and Job^ Lanier, on 20 November 1683, patented 1,482 
acres. 3 rods, 24 poles, jn Charles City County, on the south side of the 
river, in the present Prmce George, due for the transportation into Vir- 
ginia of thirty persons, whose names are recorded. Among these head- 
rights is **Xpher Branch," who can only have been the eldest son of the 
Christopher Branch, bom about 1627, died 1665, justice for Charles City 
in 1657 (compare Quarterly, XXV., p. 62), and who was not previously 
known ever to have visited England. This tract '^Beginning att a Comer 
Pine, being a comer that divides Wm Pebbles (?Peebles) and Thomas 



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44 William and Maky Quarterly 

Chappell's/' has among its bounds the head of BedloVs branch, the Otter 
dams Swamp, Piney slash, the Birchen Swampy the Reedy branch, and 
lands belonging to James Jones, John Harris, and Henry W^rsh. A com- 
parison of various land-patents shows this land to have been about the 
head-waters of Bichers creek. Peter Wyke was a Quaker, presumably as 
early as 1689, to judge from the ''Indenture, made the 30th day of 7mo, 
called Septemb., 1689,** between Robert Cate and Peter Wyke, acknowl- 
edged and recorded in Henrico i October 1689. By this very interesting 
deed Cate binds himself as prentice to Peter Wyke for four years in the 
trade of shoemaker, "as well as in all other business of plantation and 
trade, except it be in the planting & tending tobacco, w'ch ye s'd appren- 
tice is not to do" : in return Cate is to receive "apparell, meat, drink, wash- 
ing, and lodging," and at the expiration of his term "one good suit of 
Apparell & three barrells Indian Com." Peter Wyke had certainly be- 
come a Quaker by 1703, as records of the Henrico Monthly Meeting show 
that he witnessed the marriage of Samuel Jordan and Elizabeth Fleming, 
10 December 1703. Peter Wyke was dead in 1721. He is known to have 
married Huldah Ladd of Charles City County, and presumably had other 
children than the daughter, Margaret, who married Robert* Hunnicutt: 
but no record of them appears to have been preserved. 

(To be continued) 



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William and Mary QuARTSitLY 45 



HIGGINBOTHAM FAMILY OF VIRGINIA 

By William Montgomery Sweeney, Astoria, Long Island, 
NEW YORK 

(Continued) 

Joseph Higginbotham, son of John and Frances (Riley) Hig- 
ginbotham, died in Amherst County, 1805. Married Hannah 
, who was living in 1768. 

On April 20, 1751, his brother Moses, conveyed to him (for the nominal 
consideration of 5 shillings,) 204 acres of land on Buffalo River, Albe- 
marle County, "part of a tract of 1,430 acres conveyed to the said Moses 
Higginbotham by George Braxton, the younger, etc." Witnesses: John 
Higginbotham, Benjamin Higginbotham, James Higginbotham. (Albe- 
marle County Deed Book i, p. 285.) On April 30, 1751, Moses conveyed 
to him another parcel consisting of "200 acres of land on the branches of 
Buffalo River," Albemarle County, "being part of a tract of 1,000 acres 
conveyed to the said Moses Higginbotham, by George Braxton, the 
younger, etc" 

The following deed is of record in Amherst County: Cx>nsideration 
5 shillings October 3, 1768. Joseph Higginbotham, of the Cx>unty of Am- 
herst, to Cornelius Campbell, of the County of Albemarle. Cx>nveys 96 
acres of land on the south side of Pedlar River, Amherst County, con- 
veyed to Joseph Higginbotham by a Patent dated July 10, 1766. Con- 
sideration £20. (signed) Joseph Higginbotham. Hannah Higginbotham. 
Also release of right of dower by Hannah Higginbotham, wife of Joseph. 
(Deed Book B, p. 384.) 

Joseph Higginbotham's Will was admitted to probate, in Am- 
herst County, June 17, 1805: — 

He leaves to son Joseph, a negro woman, Hannah, and her son Wil- 
liam, and "the said Hannah's increase." To son Benjamin, negroes, Jiimcy, 
Jade, Thomas, and Dolly, and 150 acres of land, "the land I now live on," 
and 570 acres additional. To daughter, Susanna, 200 acres of land joining 
the lines of Peter Cashwell and Henry Brown, also negro boys, Sam, 
Charles and George. To daughter, Rachel, 390 acres of land on Buffalo 
River, joining the lines of James Higginbotham. 

Mentions bequests to daughters Frances Morrison and Hannah Ballow, 
prior to this will. Land not sold or otherwise disposed of at testator's 



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46 William and Mary Quarterly 

death, to be sold and proceeds of such sale to be equally divided among 
testator's children, Joseph, William, Jacob, Benjamin, Rachel and Sus- 
annah Higginbotham and Frances Morrison and Hannah Ballow. At his 
decease all horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, household furniture, working tools 
and crops of all kinds to be equally divided between his children, Joseph, 
Benjamin and Susannah Higginbotham. Dated October 23, 1802. Execu- 
tors, sons Joseph and Benjamin. Witnesses, Henry X Ballinger, Ben- 
jamin X Sandidge, Jacob X Phillips. (Will Book 4 p. 178.) 

The children of Joseph and Hannah ( ) Higginbotham, 

as named in his will were : 

Joseph, Jr., whose will was proved in Amherst G>unty in 1893. 
Benjamin, b., 1757: d., 1833. 

Susanna, who married in 1809, James Smith (M. L. B. Feb- 
ruary 15, 1809.) 
Rachel, 

Frances Morrison. There is a M. L. B. of record dated Dec. 
18, 1801, the contracting parties being "George McDaniel & Frances 
Morrison," but the marriage does not appear to have taken place as 
her father, in his will, dated October 23, 1802, refers to his daugh- 
ter "Frances Morrison," and Joseph Higginbotham, Jr., in his will 
dated February 27, 1818, mentions "my sister Frances Morrison." 

Hannah, who married Ballow (?) 

William, who married a daughter of John Sandidge who died in 
Amherst (bounty in 1803.*! 

Jacob, who married October 18, 1772, Anne . (See ap- 
plication of their son, John, for a pension, in 1855.) 

Joseph Higginbotham, Jr., son of Joseph, St., and Hannah 

( ) Higginbotham, died in Amherst County, 1823. Will 

probated May 19, 1823. (Will Book 6, p. 354.) 

He leaves the whole of his estate, real and personal, to his brother 
Benjamin, for life, and at his death "to my nephew" James [S.] Higgin- 
botham son of Joseph, of this County, and his lawful issue, on condition 



21 See division of the estate of John Sandidge, deceased, dated Am- 
herst County, October 29, 1803. (Will Book 5, p. 21.) 

22 Should be "second cousin," James S. Higginbotham was son of 
Joseph, son of Moses Higginbotham, Sr. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 47 

that the said James Higginbotham will support my sister Susanna Smith 
wife of James Smith Genteelly induring her natural life ; should James die 
without lawful issue, then my executors are to sell the whole of my 
estate real and personal, (allowing the n^^oes liberty of being sold in 
families and choosing their masters,) the money arising from such sale 
to be equally divided among the children of my brother Jacob Higgin- 
botham and the children of my sister Frances Morrison to them and their 
heirs forever on condition that they will support my Sister Susanna 
Smith Genteelly the remainder of her life." Dated February 27, 1818. 
Witnesses, Philip Smith, Dudley Sandidge, John W. Young. Executor's 
bond, $20,000. Securities, G>melius Sale, Zach Drummond, Robt Tinsley, 
Dudley Sandidge. (Will Book 6, p. 354.) 

Jacob Higginbotham, son of Joseph and Hannah 



Higginbotham, died in Elbert County, Georgia, January , 1836. 
William PuUiam was appointed administrator of his estate, March 
7, 1836. 

On April 25, 1855, Jacob's son John, applied for a pension, claiming 
that his father had served in the Revolution as captain of Amherst G>unty, 
(Virginia,) militia.'^ In his application he stated that his father (Jacob,) 
had married October 18, 1772, Anne ,and that they had the follow- 
ing children : 

(i) Hannah, bom August 27, 1773; (2) James, bom February 
13. 1775; (3) Jacob, bom July 6, 1776; (4) John, bora January 9, 
1778; (5) Elisabeth, bora January 14, 1780; (6) Jane, bora Mardi 
3, 1782; (7) Joseph, bora February 27, 1784; (8) Benjamin, bora 
Febraary 27, 1784; (9) Caleb, bora April 3, 1787; (10) Anne, bora 
December 11, 1788; (11) William, bora September 13, 1790; (12) 
Riley, bora September 22, 1793; (13) Frances, bora December 11, 
1796. 

Of the above children, we have been able to trace the descendants of 
only one, Jane, bora March 3, 1782; she married William Maxwell, and 
died in 1859. Two of their sons have descendants living at this date 
(1917,) viz: Thomas J. Maxwell, bora 1804, married May 31, 1831, Annie 
B. Adams. He died in March, 1863. Their daughter, Sallie C. Maxwell, 
was bora August 12, 1841, married February 3, 1859, William B. Rucker. 
Their son, William Alexander Rucker, bora January i, 1862, married De- 



*»The claim was rejected as no proof of soldier's service was pro- 
duced. See "Rejected File, No. 4977," Bureau of Pensions, Washing- 
to.i, D. C 



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48 William and Mary Quarterly 

cember 4, 1901, Annie Marvin Baiky. He lives with his wife and mother, 
at Elberton, Elbert County, Georgia. (1917) James M. Maxwell, son of 
William and Jane (Higginbotham) Maxwell, bom November 16, 1814, 

died ; he married in 1848, Mary F. Tabor. Their daughter, Mrs. 

J. T. Quillian lives at G>mmerce, Georgia. (1917.) 

Benjamin Higginbotham, son of Joseph and Hannah 

Higginbotham, was bom in Amherst County, Virginia, 

, 1757; died there (unmarried?) in 1833." 

He was a soldier of the Revolution and, on September 17, 1832, ap- 
plied for a pension, which was allowed. In his application he stated that 
"He was called out as a militiaman in 1779, and marched under the com- 
mand of Captain Richard Ballenger to the Barracks in Albemarle County, 
where he remained three months guarding the British prisoners; was then 
discharged and returned hon.e to Amherst Was again called out in 1 781, 
and marched under Captain James Dillard from the County of Amherst 
and joined General Greene's Army the day after the battle of Guilford, 
and remained with the army till term of service (three months,) expired, 
when he was discharged and returned home and afterwards, in the same 
year, he was under the command of [Captain] Samuel Higginbotham, 
[his cousin, son of his uncle, Aaron Higginbotham, Sr.,] and was en- 
gaged driving cattle from the County of Amherst to Williamsburg for 
the main army; service three months, then discharged. Witnesses to his 
service: William Cashwell, Henry Cashwell, Philip Smith, William 
Hartless, James Smith, Jr."25 

Colonel James Higginbotham, Sr,, son of John and Fraftces 
(Riley) Higginbotham, died in Amherst County, in March, 1813, 
"aged between 80 and 90 years." He died intestate. He married in 
1779, Rachel Campbell,'* of Amherst County. 

On April 30, 1751, his brother Moses, conveyed to him (for a nom- 
inal consideration of 5 shillings,) 200 acres of land on Buffalo River, Albe- 
marle County, "part of a tract of i.ooo acres conveyed to the said Moses 



" Last payment of his pension was to March 4, 1833, — letter to Wil- 
liam M. Sweeny, from the Auditor for the Interior Department, Novem- 
ber 10, 1916. 

«»See "Survivor's File, No. 5542," Bureau of Pensions, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

«« M. L. B., May 30, i779- 



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William and Mary Quarterly 49 

Higgmbotham, by George Braxton, the younger, etc" Witnesses, Thomas 
Jefferson, John Higginbotham, Joseph Higginbotham (Albemark County 
Deed Book i, p. 298.) 

On May 6, 1751, Moses conveyed to him (also for the nominal con- 
sideration of 5 shillings,) another parcel of land consisting of "204 acres 
of land, now in possession of the said James Higginbotham, located on the 
branches of Buffalo River, being part of a tract of 1,430 acres conveyed 
to the said Moses Higginbotham, by George Braxton, etc." Witnesses, 
Aaron Higginbotham, William Morrison, John Higginbotham. (Albe- 
marle Cx>unty Deed Book i, p. 293.) 

We find James Higginbotham named as an executor in 1760^ to the will 
of William Morrison, (who had married his sister Rachel Higginbotham,) 
of Albemarle County, whose will was probated March 12, 1761.*^ 

The following references to James Higginbotham are found in The 
Cabells ATheir Kin": — 

"Extracts from Cx>lonel William Cabell's Diary. 

177a Jan. 15. Sale of a sword . . . swapped sorrel mare for a 
roan horse. All in the presence of Major Higginbotham. January 16. 
Delivered Major Higginbotham Rachel Morrison's receipt from the 
Secretary's office. January 17. Sent, by Major Higginbotham, one of the 
late editions of the Laws to Captain Meriwether and one to Alexander 
Rdd, Jr. [Major Higginbotham was his assistant surveyor. Meriwether 
and Reid were Magistrates.] Page 87. 

Dec 2nd, 1776, Cx>lonel Cabell "signed a bond to the Masters and Pro- 
fessors of The Cx>llege for and in behalf of James Higginbotham for his 
appointment as surveyor of the County of Amherst, and paid 26 shillings 
for him for his commission." 

Jan'y 6, 1777, Delivered Major James Higginbotham a Surveyor's Om- 
mission which I procured for him, in consideration of which he is to 
resign at any time I require him, either to myself or to one of my sons, 
page 105. 

One the 6th of October, 1783, William (Cabell, Jr., was appointed Sur- 
veyor of Amherst County by William & Mary (Allege, which office he 
continued to fill until December i, 1788, when he resigned, and procured the 
appointment of Colonel James Higginbotham," page 198. 

Colonel James Higginbotham served in the War of the Revolution as 
lieutenant-colonel (and, possibly, colonel,) of Amherst County militia. 



"Albemarle County Deed Book 2, p. 98. 



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50 William and Maky Quakterly 

The following records of payments to him are found in the Virgtnia 
State Library : — "September 27, 1777. Capt James Higginbodiam for pay 
&c of his Comp. of Amherst Ditto Militia pr. Accot, — £189 73. 4i/2d.''** 

"October 22, 1779. Warr[an]t to James Higginbotham for his pay as 
Lieut Colo, of the Amherst Militia guarding the G>nvention Troops, pr. 
Cert, £ao."w 

His services are recited at length in the following document in the 
Virginia State Library: — 

I certify that the following is a full and correct copy of a manu- 
script document now in this Library, entitled "Rejected Claim," and known 
in the Library as "R. C, 1833-H" : 

State of Virginia Amherst County, to-wit: 

At a Court of monthly Session held for the said County before the 
Justices of said Court at the Court House, on Monday the seventeenth 
day of December in the year One thousand eight hundred and thirty two, 
and in the year of Independence, the fifty seventh. 

On the motion and application of Joseph C. Higginbotham, of the 
County of Bedford and George W. Higginbotham, James Higginbotham 
and Joseph Dilliard and Judith his Wife of the said County of Amherst — 

It is ordered to be certified to the Governor and Council, or other 
proper authorities of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and to the proper 
department or departments of the Government of the United States at the 
City of Washington having cognizance of claims of Revolutionary ser- 
vices — That it satisfactorily appears to the court from the testimony of 
Benjamin Higginbotham, Frederick Padget and Anderson Thompson 
whose affidavits have been duly taken, and now presented to the Court, 
and duly affiled marked A. B. and C. and a certificate or Receipt bearing 
date the 6th day of March in the year 1779 purporting to be the certi- 
ficate or receipt of the late Col<> James Higginbotham of the said Cotmty 
of Amherst for a recruit by the name of Thomas Oglesby, enlisted as a 
soldier in the regular Army of the United States for the term of eigh- 
teen months, during the War of the Revolution, — which said Certificate 
or Receipt, is proved to the Court to have been drawn by the said Col* 
Higginbotham in his proper handwriting, and from the antiquity of its 
date, general appearance, and other circumstances, the Court believes to 
be genuine,— 'now presented to the Court and also duly affiled and 
marked D — as also by a commission bearing date the ist day of Novem- 
vember 1775, appointing the said James Higginbotham Major of the Mili- 
tia of the said County of Amherst, and granted by Edmund Pendleton, 



w War 23 (1777.)" 
^•"Aud. AccU 1779-80^ 132." 



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William and Mary Quarterly 51 

Thomas Lud. Lcc, P. Carrington, Dudley Digges, and James Mercer "Com- 
mittee of safety for the G>lony of Virginia" now presented to the Court, 
and abo duly aflUed and marked £. 

That the said James Higginbotiiam, entered the military service of the 
Country in the War of the Revolution as Major of Militia in the year 
1776 and in that year performed military duty in and ahout the City of 
Williamsburg in said State. 

That the said James Higginbotham continued in the said service in a 
Military capacity, the whole, or greater part of the time from the period 
aforesaid until about the year 1778, when he was promoted to the office 
of Colonel, or appointed to some other grade of a Commissioned Office 
commanding in the **Virginia State line" or on "Continental establishment" 
in the War of the Revolution and believed to be the Ninth Virginia Regi- 
ment — in which capacity the said James Higginbotham continued to 
serve, principally as a Recruiting Officer, until the close of the War — but 
no Commission in the said "State line" or other regular service is produced 
and the Court is satisfied that the same has been lost or destroyed — and 
that the said James Higginbotham in his life time was well entitled to the 
pay due to the Officers commanding in the said "Virginia line" or on 
Continental establishment in the War of the Revolution — promised by 
die Legislature of said State, and provided for by an act of Congress, 
approved July 5th, 1832, entitled "an Act to provide for liquidating and 
passing certain claims of the State of Virginia" or by some other act or 
acts of the Congress of the U. States. 

And it is also ordered to be certified to the authorities aforesaid that 
it satisfactorily appears to the Court — 

That the Witnesses whose testimony has been taken and affiled as 
aforesaid, are persons of unimpeachable veracity, and their statements 
entitled to full faith and credit — That the said James Higginbotham de- 
parted this life in or about the month of March 1813, that he was at the 
time of his death between eighty and ninety years of age — That he died 
intestate, and that letters of administration of his Estate, has not been 
granted to any person whatever — 

And it is also further ordered to be certified to the authorities afore- 
said that it satisfactorily appears to the Court — 

That the said Col*' James Higginbotham departed this life a resident 
and in the said County of Amherst that he died a Widower, without chil- 
dren, or the descendants of children, except the aforesaid Joseph C. Higgin- 
botham, George W. Higginbotham, James Higginbotham and Judith Dil- 
lard formerly Judith Higginbotham, all of whom are now alive, and are 
the heirs at law and distributees of the Estate of the said James Higgin- 
botham dec' in equal degree, as children of the said decedent 



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52 William and Maky Quarterly 

State of Virgmia — Amherst County, to-wit: 

This day personally appeared before me Henry I. Rose a Justice of 
the peace in and for said G>unty, Benjamin Higginbotham of the same 
G>unty, aged seventy five years — who being sworn in due form of law 
deposeth and saith — That he is now seventy-five years of age, of sound 
mind and memory, but infirm of body, and can not conveniently travel to 
his County Court house — That he was bom and raised in the said County 
of Amherst, and never resided elsewhere — That he is the Nephew on 
the Fathers side of the late Col® James Higginbotiiam, who departed this 
life a resident of said Cotmty, in the 3^ar 1813 said, and believed, to be 
between eighty and ninety years of age at the time of his death — That 
from his birth to the death of the said James Higginbotham, he resided 
in the same County of Amherst with the said James, and knew him well — 
He knows that the said James Higginbotham entered the military service 
of his Country in the War of the Revolution as a Major of militia in the 
year 1776 and was stationed part of his time in that year at the City of 
Williamsburg in said State— 1 That during the progress of the War, and 
as he thinks, about the year 1778 the said James Higginbotham was pro- 
moted, and bore the title of Colonel in one of the regular Regiments (he 
thinks the 9th) of the State line, and continued to act jn that capacity 
from the time of his said promotion to the end of the War — He knows 
that the said James Higginbotham was in the last mentioned service, at 
the Albemarle Barracks, in the year 1779 acting in the capacity of a 
Colo in the said State line, as also at the City of Williamsburg and York- 
town in the year 1781 — he the said Benjamin being in the service himself 
at that time, and placed on a detachment to collect Beef Cattle for the 
use of that portion of the army to which the said Col*' Higginbotham 
belonged — He knows also that the said James Higginbotham served 
regularly in the War of the revolution from the year 1776^ nearly the 
whole of the time tmtil its close — that he has known him to be gone 
from home in the said service more than eighteen months at a time — He 
is positive in this, because in the absence of the said James Higginbotham, 
and at his request, he superintended his plantation affairs in the said 
County of Amherst — That the said James Higginbotham was chiefly 
engaged in the Recruiting service, in which he was more than ordinarily 
successful — has seen him recruiting men for the Army of the Revolu- 
tion at the Court house of the said County of Amherst, for the term of 
eighteen months, and during the War — he remembers particularly of 
having seen him enlist the same Frederick Padget now residing in the 
County of Bedford, whose testimony has been taken to that effect, in sup- 
port of the application of the heirs of the said James Higginbotham for 
the compensation due him for military services — That he has often heard 
the said James Higginbotham say, that the Country was largely indebted 
to him for Military services as a colonel in the State line, that he had 



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William and Mary Quarterly 53 

never received the compensation due to him, but had confidence that the 
State, when she could would do him justice, at he had served her faithfully, 
and much to the detriment of his private affairs — That the station of 
the said James Higginbotham in the army of the Revolution was a matter 
of perfect notoriety at the time and for many years after the close of the 
War — but the men of that time have so nearly passed away, but few 
are left, who can testify with certainty any thing about it he knows of 
none who are now alive, except the said Padget and himself — That the 
said Col<> James Higginbotiiam, being almost constantly engaged in the 
recruiting service, while he the said Benjamin was himself in the army, 
or other wise had any knowledge of the particular duties he performed, 
that he the said Benjamin does not now recollect, if he ever knew who 
were the General or Field Officers, with whom the said Col^ Higginbotham 
served in the said State line, what battles he was in, or where stationed, 
farther than above stated — but believes, on account of his peculiar capacity 
for recruiting he was principally confined to the State of Virginia, he 
never knew him to be stationed or sent beyond the limits of the State — 
That the said Col<» James Higginbotham, at the time of his death had four 
children only towit : Joseph C. Higginbotham. Geo. Washington Higginbot- 
ham, James Higginbotham and Judidi who intermarried with Joseph DiUard 
— all of whom are now alive and reside in the said County of Amherst ex- 
cept the said Joseph C. Higginbotham who resides in the County of Bedford 
in said State — And that the Wife of the said Col^ Higginbotiiam departed 
this life before him — That he the said Benjamin Higginbotham after the 
close of the Revolutionary War was commissioned a Capt of Militia in 
said State, and acted in that capacity many years, attached to the 90th 
Regiment Virginia Militia, of the said County of Amherst -h but he does 
not know that the said Co)9 James Higginbotham performed any military 
duty after the close of the Revolutionary War, he does not think he did — 
because at that time he must have been nearly Sixty years of age, being 
advanced towards fifty when he first entered the service, but remarkably 
active, hardy and athletic, and so continued to a very advanced age. 

Benj* Higginbotham. 

Sworn and subscribed in manner and form aforesaid before me a 
Justice of the peace as aforesaid — this 6th day of December, anno Domini 
1832. 

Henry I. Rose, J. P. 

Frederick Padget of the County of Bedford in the eightieth year of 
his age being in bad health and unable to travel to his County Court but of 
sound mind and memory — Sayeth that he knew the late Col<» James 
Higginbotham of Amherst County and State of Virginia as a Col<> in the 
Virginia Continental and State line, he also received Soldiers in the War 



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54 William and Mary Quarterly 

as regulars for eighteen months and during the War, which will show 
from a Recp^ now in my possession as follows : 
Amherst G>unty St: 

This day I have received from James Harrison, Frederick Padget who 
acknowledges himself to be regularly enlisted for the ^ division to serve 
as a Soldier for during the War in the Army of the United States of 
America. Given under my hand this loth day of March 1779. 

James Higginbotham, C C. 

And when I was enlisted under Col^' James Higginbotham I was sent 
on with the regulars, and was soon after wounded in the army and did 
not get well until the War ended the term of enlistment was as stated in 
the Rec^ the said James Harrison as above was the Orderly Serjeant 

Frederick Padget. 

Bedford G)unty to wit : 

This day the aforesaid Frederick Padget made oath before me a 
Justice of the Peace for said County aforesaid in due form of law, that 
the foregoing statement by him subscribed is true — Given under my 
hand this i6th day of November 1832. 

John L. Cobbs, J. P. 

Capt Anderson Thompson of Bedford G>unty being now in his 
Seventy eighth year and being in bad health, and unable to travel to his 
G>unty Court, but of sound mind & memory — Sayeth that in the year 
seventeen hundred & seventy six, that he saw the late Col® James Higgin- 
botham of the County of Amherst and State of Virginia in actual service 
as a Major at Williamsburg in said State, and as I understood and do 
believe, he the said Higginbotham was in the Continental and State line 
service, to what Regiment I do not recollect he belonged. 

Anderson Thomson. 



Bedford Cotmty towit: 

This day the aforesaid Anderson Thompson made oath before me a 
Justice of the peace for said County afores* in due form of Law that 
the foregoing statement by him subscribed is true. Given under my hand 
this i6th day of November 1832. 

John L. Cobbs, J. P. 



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William and Ma&y Quarterly 55 

Amherst County towit : 

This day I received from James Henderson, Thomas Oglesby who 
adcnowledges himself to be regularly enlisted for Uie 13th division to serve 
as a Soldier in the army of the United States of America for eighteen 
months. Given under my hand this 6th day of March 1779. 

James Higginbotham. 

The Committee of safety for the Colony of Virginia, to James Higgin- 
botham Esq''. 

By virtue of the power and authority invested in us by the delegates 
and Representatives of the several Counties and Corporations in general 
convention assembled, we, reposing especial trust and confidence in your 
patriotism fidelity courage and good conduct, do by these presents con- 
stitute and appoint you to be Major of Militia of the County of Amherst; 
and you are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the trust re- 
posed in you, by disciplining all Officers and Soldiers under your command. 
And we do hereby require them to obey you as their Major. And you are 
to observe and follow all such orders and directions as you shall from 
time to time receive from the convention, the committee of safety for 
the time being, or any Superior Officers, according to the rules and regula- 
tions established by the Convention. 

Given under our hands, at Williamsburg this ist day of November, 
Anno Domini 1775. 

Edm<i Pendleton. 
John Page. 
Tho» Lud Lee. 
P. Carrington. 
Dudley Digges. 
J» Mercer. 

Virginia Amherst County to wit. I Robert Tinsley Clerk of the County 
Court of Amherst County aforesaid do certify that the foregoing are 
true copies of the order made by the said Court concerning the revolu- 
tionary services of James Higginbotham dec* and the evidence and docu- 
ments in the said order referred to. In testimony whereof I have hereto 
set my hand and seal of Office this twenty Second day of December one 
thousand Eight hundred and thirty two and in the fifty seventh year of the 
Commonwealth. 

Robert Tinsley. 

Morgan P. Robinson 
Archivist, 

Virginia State Library. 



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56 William and Maky Quarterly 

At the time of his death, Colonel James Higginbotham left 
four surviving children : 

1. Joseph Cabell, (d. November 18, 1842,) is said to have been a 
colonel in the War of 1812, and to have received a grant of a farm in 
Bedford County, for hb services. He married in 1803, Lucy Wills,'^ 

daughter of James, Sr., and Mildred ( ) Wills, of Amherst County, 

and had : Joseph Cabell, Jr., (b. about 1821 : d. March 29, 1894,) who mar- 
ried Angeline Plunkett; their daughter, Althea Jane Higginbotham, b. 
October 7, 1853, married October 21, 1874, Csrrus Aaron Higginbotham, 
son of Alexander Brown Higginbotham, (b. June 19, 1818: d. December 
— , 1888,) and Eliza Plunkett, (sister of Angeline) ; grandson of Aaron 
(b. February 23, 1789: d. March 8, 1852,) and Eliza (Sandidge) Higgin- 
botham, to whom he was married May 22, 1817 ; great grandson of Aaron 
and Nancy (Croxton) Higginbotham. 

Cyrus Aaron and Althea Jane (Higginbotham) Higginbotham's chil- 
dren, are: Lillian Brown, b. April 27, 1876, married October i, 190a, Leo 
W. Kasehagen, issue: Mary Leona Elizabeth, b. Jan. 28, 1902; d. Jan. 21, 
1905, and Leo W. Jr., b. Aug. 18, 1909; Lula May, b. Jan. 15, 1878, d. 
Jan. 23, 1879; Minnie Rosamund, b. March 14, 1880, married Nov. 25, 
1912 Royston St Noble; Nora Elizabeth, b. Dec 9, 1882, married April 
27, 190S, J. M. McFarlane, of Norfolk; Annie Cabell, b. June 22, 1887, 
married December 27, 1908, H. W. Johnson, issue: Shields, b. Aug. 6, 
1911, Althea, b. Dec 23, 1913, Frances, b. Jan. 14, 1915; Raymond Clyde, b. 
Jan. 3, 1889; Ida Rice, b. March 2, 1894, d. March 9, 1894; Janie Corinne, 
b. April 14, 1895. 

2. George Washington, who married (ist) in 1810, Elizabeth Cash- 
well,*^ daughter of Henry Cashwell, of Amherst CTounty, by whom he had : 

James, married Shields George, married Jones, and Betty, 

who married Dillard; he married (2nd) Joanna Higginbotham, 

(b. June 26, 1794,) daughter of Aaron and Nancy (Croxton) Higgin- 
botham, by whom he had Daniel, Nancy, Mary Ann, married Hill, 

and Jennie, married Thompson and Shields. 

3. James, Jr., who married Eliza Tomson,** daughter of Anderson 
Thomson, of Bedford Cx>unty. 

4. Judith, who married in 1797, Joseph Dillard.*« 



w M. L. B. October 6, 1803. 
. «i M. L. B. April 5, 1810. 

»* See Will of Anderson Thomson probated in 1834; of record Bedford 
Court 

»« From a "List of Marriages celebrated by the Revd, Charles Craw- 
ford,*' of record in Amherst County Court 



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William and Mary Quarterly 57 



THREE EARLY LANDOWNERS OF THE COUNTY OF 

ISLE OF WIGHT, VIRGINIA : JEREMIAH EXUM, 

MICHAEL MACKQUINNEY, AND WILLIAM 

POPE, WITH NOTES ON SOME OF 

THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

By Annie Noble Sims, Savannah, Georgia 

Jeremiah^ Exum was in Isle of Wight county Virginia as early 
as 1686, his signature being attached to the will of Michael* Mack- 
quinney, (McKinne) as a witness, April 15-1686.' He was one 
of the Associate Judges of the Court of Isle of Wight in 1693* 
and 1694.° He received Power of Attorney from Elizabeth Booth, 
July 23, 1695.** He assisted in appraising the estate of Thomas 
Cullen, October 23-1689.* Thomas Cullen is also mentioned in a 
deed made by Jeremiah* Exum, and Ann, his wife, in such a way 
as to suggest relationship to him and the Lawrence* family. It 
seems probable that Ann Exum, wife of Jeremiah* Exum, was a 
daughter of John Lawrence. An allusion to the will of John 
Lawrence is made in the records of Isle of Wight county.* This 
reference shows that John Lawrence left a will, dated January 
2-1696/7, in Nansemond county, Va. The records of Nansemond 
county are destroyed. John Lawrence (will January 2-1696/7) 
was the son of John Lawrence who died before April 26-1682.^ 

The only son of Jeremiah* Exum, and Ann his wife, died before 
his parents, but not before he had accumulated a large estate in 



* Isle of Wight, Virginia, Book 2, page 254. 

^ Isle of Wight, Virginia, Book 1688-1704, page 9. 

c WiLUAM AND Masy Quaxterly, Vol. VII., page 259. 

* Isle of Wight Virginia, Deed Book i, page 169. 

* Isle of Wight Virginia, Book 1661-1719, page 298. 

' North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. I., No. i, 
page 94. 

«Isle of Wight Virginia, Deed Bood 1704-1715, page 115. 
^Richmond Virginia Land Office Book, No. 7, page 176. 



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58 WUXIAM AND MaKY QuAJtTERLY 

Virginia and North Carolina. The division of the estate of this 
son, Captain Richard^ Exum, is important. He was unmarried, 
and his estate was inherited by his sisters. Their husbands signed 
with them in the final settlement, and thus we know to whom they 
were married.* It is evident that either Jeremiah^ Exum, or 
Ann, his wife, belonged to the Society of Friends, as their names 
are frequently mentioned in the Quaker records.^ Both Jeremiah* 
Exum and his wife Ann left wills which are of record in Isle 
of Wight county Virginia. His will was recorded March 28- 
1720,^ his wife's will March 27-1727.* 

Issue of the marriage of Jeremiah* Exum and Ann (Law- 
rence ?) Exum eight children, viz. : 

I Captain Richard' Exum died unmarried. 
II Mary' Exum married ist Jacob Ricks,>>' 2nd Bamaby McKinne.^ 

III Ann* Exum married George Greene, and died before her parents. 
She had no children.^ 

IV Elizabeth' Exum died unmarried. 

V Jane' Exum married Richand Outland. 

VI Mourning' Exum married William Scott 

VII Christian' Exum married George NorsworthyP (widower.) 

VIII Sarah' Exum married her cousin Robert Lawrence, Jr. 



» Isle of Wight Virginia, Great Book, page 291. 

1 Southern History Association Publications, Vol. 7, pages 209-210^ 
and Vol. 6, page 409. 

^Isle of Wight Virginia, Great Book, page 21. 

> Isle of Wight Virginia, Will Book 3, page 19. 

™ Southern History Association Publications, Vol 7, page 209. 

° Isle of Wight Virginia, Great Book, page 291, and will of Ann Exum.^ 

©WiLUAM AND Mary Quakterly, Vol. 7, page 254. 

p Isle of Wight, Virginia, Great Book, page 173, will of George Nors- 
worthy 1724. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 59 

Michael Mackquinney 

Michael* Mackquinney, (also written McKinne) was the first 
of his name in America, of whom we know. He lived in Isle of 
Wight county, Virginia, where his will dated April 15-1686 was 
recorded August 9-1686. 

His will* shows that he left land to his eldest son John,' and 
a life interest in his home and surrounding land (450 acres) to 
his wife Elizabeth, with reversion to his "y^ung son Bamaby."* 

Michael^ Mackquinney and his wife Elizabeth had two chil- 
dren, viz. : 

I John* Mackquinney. 

II Bamaby* Mackquinny (McKinne) who married Mary,* daughter 
of Jeremiah^ and Ann Exum. 

Bamaby* McKinne (MichaeP^) was bom in Isle of Wight 
county Virginia. He inherited land in that county from his father, 
Michael^ Mackquinney. The will of Michael^ Mackquinney was 
dated April 15-1686.* 

Bamaby* McKinne received the following land grants in Isle 
of Wight county, as shown by the records in the office of the 
Raster of the Land Office, Richmond, Virginia. 

3435 acres for the transporation of 69 persons A. D. 1714^ 
545 " " " " "II " A. D. 1714.C 

490 " " " " " 10 "* A. D. 1714.* 

308 "" " " « 6 •* A. D. I702.* 

670 " " " " " 13 " A. D. 1714.' 

5648 acres for the transportation of 109 persons. 

•Isle of Wight Virginia, Deed Book 2, page 254. 
^ Land office Richmond Virginia, Book 10, page 222. 
<^Land office Richmond Virginia, Book 10, page 201. 
^ Land office Richmond Virginia, Book 10, page 147. 
•Land office Richmond, Virginia, Book 9, page 472. 
' Land office Richmond Virginia, Book 10, page 130. 



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6o William and Maky Quarterly 

Bamaby McKinne*also acquired much land by purchase. 

Barnaby* McKinne married Mary, the widow of Jacob Ricks,« 
and the daughter of Judge*^ Jeremiah^ and Ann Exum. Mary* 
(Exum-Ricks) McKinne is mentioned in the wills of both parents. 

"Bamaby* McKinne' gentleman, and Mary his wife" executed 
fifty-five deeds^ when they sold their Virginia estate and moved 
to North Carolina. They moved first to Bertie County, N. C, 
and later to Edgecombe county, N. C. Bamaby* McKinne was a 
large landowner in both of these counties,'' as shown by various 
deeds' and by his will. His will was dated August 31-1737." A 
codicil," dated December 3-1739 is of record at Halifax, North 
Carolina. Halifax county was formed from Edgecombe county. 

Bamaby* McKinne was Judge of the General Court,^ Member 
of the General Assembly ,»» Commissioner of Peace,' and Justice 
of the Peace.' 



•Southern History Association Publications, Vol 7, pages 209-210. 

^ Isle of Wight Great Book, page 21, March 28-1720. 

' Isle of Wight Book 3 page 19, March 27-1727. 

J Isle of Wight Deed Book 2 pages 19, 48, 50^ 52, 54 etc. 

^ Windsor Bertie County, N. C, Book A, pages 59, 268, 369, etc 

> Halifax (formerly Edgecombe county) N. C^ Deed Book i, page 135. 

^ Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 5, page 1026. 

° Halifax, North Carolina Deed Book i, page 312. 

o Commissioned Judge of the General Court, October 6-1725, see North 
Carolina Records, Vol 2, page 572 and North Carolina Historical and 
Genealogical Register, Vol. 3, No. 2, pages 284 and 29a 

Bamaby McKinne, General Court Oytr and Terminer, Edenton, N. C, 
March 29-1726. Christopehr Gale, Chief Justice. 

p Member of the General Assembly from Eldgecombe, Jan. 15-1735. 
North Carolina Records, Vol. 4, page 115. Bamaby McKinne on Roanoke 
division line of Isle of Wight coimty from Bnmswick. The line of divi- 
sion is north of Meherrin river. April 4-1728. North Carolina Colonial 
Records, Vol. 2, page 809. 

<» Commissioner of Peace Bertie precinct, April 19-1724. North Caro- 
lina Colonial Records, Vol. 2, page 526 and October 31-1724 Colonial 
Records, Vol 2, page 570. 

r Bamaby McKinne, one of Associate Justices of the Peace. North 
Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol 3, No. 2, page 236. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 6i 

Issue of the marriage of Bamaby' McKinne nad Mary 
(Exum) McKinne ten children, viz. : 

I Bamaby* McKinne Jr. will 1736 ;• II William* McKinne died 1739;* 
III John* McKinne died 1753;^ IV Richard* McKinne died 1755 ;▼ 
V Robert* McKinne;^ VI Ann* McKinne married William Murphy; 
VII Mourning* McKinne married John* Pope^; VIII Patience McKinne 
married Joseph Lane;* IX Christian* McKinne married William Hurst; 
X Mary Jane* McKinne married John Brown. 

WILLIAM POPE 

William^ Pope patented land in Nansemond county, Virginia, 
in 1656,' and 1662,^ as shown by the land grant records in office 
of the Raster of the Land Office at Richmond, Virginia. In 
1665® he patented land in Isle of Wight county as shown by the 
records of that county. 

In Waters' Genealogical Gleanings, it is stated that in 1655 
William Pope received a grant of land in Westmoreland county, 
Virginia.* Mr. R. A. Brock suggests the probability that William 
Pope of Nansemond and Westmoreland counties, and Nathaniel 
Pope of Westmoreland county, were brothers. This suggestion is 
further borne out by the fact that at least one of the grandsons 
of Nathaniel Pope of Westmoreland county lived in Isle of Wight 



■Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina, Grant 
Book 4, will 58. 

^Halifax, North Carolina Deed Book i, page 312. 

« Halifax, Book i, page 167. 

▼Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 6^ page 384. 

^Halifax, North Carolina, Deed Book 4 page 445. 

y Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 25, page 465, VoL 6, pages 
384 and 481. 

» Halifax, North Carolina, Book 2, pages 317-319- 

•Land Grant Book No. 4, page 89, Richmond, Virginia. 

*>Land Grant Book No. 4, page 406, Richmond, Virginia. 

« Land Grant Book of Nansemond county, Virginia, in the land office 
in the Capitol at Richmond, Virginia, page 106. Part of this land was in 
Isle of Wight county, which county joins Nansemond county, see Isle 
of Wight records, 1704-1715, page 48. 

* Genealogical Gleanings, by Henry F. Waters, Vol. i, page 403. 



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62 William anb Maky Quarterly 

county, Virginia. This wzs Richard Pope, to whom his brother 
John Pope gave power of attorney, August 9th, 1690.* Their ex- 
act relationship to William* Pope is as yet tmdetermined. The 
same may be said of Thomas Pope, whose will Mras recorded in 
Isle of Wight, September 27th, 1684.' 

William* Pope was a Quaker. His family record has been 
preserved in the Quaker records, and the original manuscript is 
now in safety deposit in Baltimore, Maryland. The following is 
an exact copy as published by the Southern History Association * 

"William Pope and Marie, his wife, their children's nativities recorded 
as followeth: 

William Pope sonn of the aforesaid William and Mary was borne 
on the 15th of the 8th month 1662. 

Henry Pope sonn of the aforesaid William and Mary was borne on 
the last of the nth month 1663. 

Also daughter of the aforesaid William and Mary was borne * * * 
of the 8th month 1667. 

John Pope sonn of the aforesaid William and Mary was borne 6th 
of the 8th month 1670." 

Henry* Pope {William^) was bom in Isle of Wight county, 
Virginia, November 30-1663.* His will was recorded in the same 
county October 28-1728.** 

In addition to the land he inherited from his father, (William* 
Pope,) Henry* Pope received a deed of gift from Henry Bozman,"* 
February 8-1685. He also received many land grants.* Henry* 



• Isle of Wight G>urt House, Virginia, Deed Book i, page 29. 

' Isle of Wight Will Book No. 2, page 208. 

' Southern History Association Publications, Vol. 6, page 508. 

*• Southern History Association Publications Vol. 6, page 508. 

»>Isle of Wight Will Book 3, page 127. 

« Isle of Wight Great Book, page 105, and Book 1662-1715, page 584. 

' Land office in the Capitol at Richmond, Virginia, see Grant Book 8, 
page 176; Grant Book g, page 194; Grant Book la page no; Grant Book 
10^ page 106; Grant Book 10, page 257. 



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William and Maky Quasteily 63 

Pope made many gifts of land to his children.* Henry* Pope of 
Isle of Wight, Virginia, made a deed to his son John* Pope of 
Bertie county, North Carolina, in 1726,' this deed establishes the 
relationship between them. 

From the will of Henry* Pope (May 28-1728) we learn that 
his wife's name was Sarah, and that they were the parents of 
eleven children, viz : 

I William* Pope; II Henry* Pope; III Richard* Pope; IV Jacob* 
Pope ; V John* Pope married Mourning,* daughter of Bamaby* McKinne ; 

VI Mary* Pope married Williams ; VII Jane* Pope married 

Brassole, VIII Joseph Pope; IX Morning* Pope married her cousin, 
Jacob Pope; X Thomas* Pope; XI Samuel* Pope. 

John* Pope {Henry,^ WiUiam,^) was bom in Isle of Wight 
county, Virginia. He moved to Bertie County, North Carolina, 
and later to Edgecombe County, where he died April 1745. 

John* Pope was a Justice of the Peace,* Juryman, a Church 
Warden, Conunissioner of the Peace,** and a Member of the Gen- 
eral Assembly 1744-1745.® 



• Isle of Wight Great Book, pages IQ3, 105, 139. 

'Windsor court house, Bertie county, North Carolina, Book 6, page 
107. 

*John Pope, Justice of the Peace for and within Edgecombe pre- 
cinct Chowan county, May 16-1732. Colonial Records of North Caro- 
lina, Vol 3, page 417. 

*>John' Pope March 6-1739 was appointed Commissioner of Peace, 
with Bamaby* McKinne and Joseph Cotton, for Edgecombe, Colonial 
Records, Vol. 4 page 346. He was added to the list of jurymen for 
Bertie precinct and Edgecombe, February 25-1740, Colonial Records of 
N. C, Vol. 4, page 521. 

« John Pope* Member of the General Assembly July 22-1743, Colonial 
Records, Vol. 4, page 652. Member of the General Assembly for Edge- 
combe, February 24-1744, Colonial Records, Vol. 4, page 723. Member 
from Edgecombe, November 15-1744 Vol. 4, Colonial Records of North 
Carolina, page 733. On April 9-i745i >t was reported by James Castellaw 
to the General Assembly (House of Burgesses) that John* Pope, one of 
the Members from Edgecombe, is dead. Report was also made by William 
Wlson, member from Ncwbem, that Mr. John* Pope, Member from 
Edgecombe is dead. Colonial Records, VoL 4, page 774. John* Pope 
married a daughter of Bamaby* McKinne, Sr. 



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64 William and Mary Quahterly 

John* Pope married Mourning,* daughter of Colonel Bamaby' 
and Mary (Exum) McKinne: Issue six children, viz: 

I Heniy* Pope, will 1764 Halifax county, North Carolina, Henry 
Pope's wife was named Tabitha; II Jesse^ Pope died 1818 in Georgia, 
wife Mary ; III Lewis* Pope, wife Ann ; IV Winifred* Pope, died unmar- 
ried, will 1762 Halifax, North Carolina ;« V John* Pope; VI Bamaby* 
Pope died 1795 in Georgia. 



^ Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 25, on page 465 gives a full 
account of Mourning* Pope. 

•Halifax, North Carolina, Will Book N.o i, pages 85 and 86. 
(To be concluded) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 65 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL NOTES 

Williamsburg in 1862. In McQellan's "Own Story" the 
General writes: Under date of May 6, 1862, (the day after the 
battle of Williamsburg). "This is a beautiful town ; several very 
old houses, pretty gardens. I have taken possession of a very fine 
old house which Joe Johnston occupied as headquarters. It has 
a lovely flower garden, and conservatory. If you were here I 
should be inclined to spend some weeks here." (Mrs. McQellan 
came and spent several months.) 

Portraits and Engravings at William and Mary College : 
There are fifteen portraits at this Institution of a distinctly colonial 
character : 

(i) A three quarter length portrait of Dr. James Blair, 
founder of the College, showing hands and Collie in background, 
by whom painted not known; two companion portraits of (2) 
Dr. James Blair and (3) Sarah Harrison, his wife, one half 
length. These portraits are pronounced by two experts and col- 
lectors — Mr. Frank Bulkley Smith, of Worcester, Massachusetts, 
and Mr. S. L. Pichetto, of New York who accompanied him 
on visit to this place in May, 1918, as the work of Henrietta John- 
ston, the same who painted a portrait of Sir Nathaniel John-- 
ston. Governor of South Carolina; (4) portrait of Hon. Robert 
Boyle, the gift of the Earl of Burlington, by Frederick Kerse- 
boom; (5) portrait of Col. John Page, by Sir Peter Lely; five 
portraits by Charles Bridges, who came to Virginia, in 1735, viz. : 
(7) Alice Grymes, first wife of Mann Page II. ; (8) Mann Page 
II.; (9) John Page, Governor; (10) John Page, of North End, 
Gloucester County ; (11) Jane Byrd, wife of John Page, of North 
End. It has been believed that the superb painting of (9) Gov. 
John Page was the work of Benjamin West, but Messrs. Smith 
and Pichetto, above named attributes it to Charles Bridges, of 
whose art they seemed to have a high opinion, ranking him far 
above Benjamin West and even above Sir Godfrey Kneller; (12) 



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66 William and Mary Quarterly 

Portrait of Judith Carter, second wife of Col. John Page, by 
John Woolaston; three other portraits painted about 1690, viz.: 
(13) Col. Matthew Page; (14) Mary Mann, wife of Col. Mat- 
thew Page; (15) Mann Page I., represented by a boy about ten 
years. 

The painting of Judge John Tyler was by James Worrell, 
of Richmond, who painted the portraits of Washington and La- 
Fayette in the Richmond Council Chamber. 

Among the engravings is one of Washington on horseback de- 
scribed on the frame as from the original by Alexander Campbell, 
of Williamsburg, in Virginia. In a published Catalogue not long 
since this engraving was described as the first taken of the 
General. 

Jefferson-Branch. A Correction (see Quarterly, XXV., 
page 64) . Sarah' Branch and Mary* Branch, hitherto stated to be 
the daughters of William* Branch, are shown by the inven- 
tory of Christopher^ Branch to have been the children of 
Christopher* Branch (who probably married Sarah Almond). 
"Due to Xtopher, Samuell, Ben j amine, and Sarah Branch, for 
their parts of a maid serv't belonging to their father's Estate," 
&c. "And allsoe Xtopher Branch is to pay the other three, for his 
father's halfe of the negroe 500 lbs of tobo each (it being the 
former rate set when Tho: Jeflferson rec'd his wives due)," &c. 
This plainly marks an equal division of the estate of Christopher* 
Branch among his five children. 

Travis. — ^John Travis was bom in Virginia March 15, 1768, 
and died 1853; ^^^ ^^^^ Sarah was born August 29, 1771', and 
died in 1852; their children were: (i) William Travis, bom 
April 25, 1792; died January 18, 1850; (2) Mary E. Travis, 
bom April 4, 1797; died at Turner Station, Henry Coimty, Ken- 
tucky, March 17, 1884. She married William Jones, about 1820, 
and moved to Kentucky ; (3) Richard Travis, bom July 23, 1804 ; 
died December 21, 1885. I should be glad to communicate with 



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William and Mary Quarterly 67 

any one who may know the names of the parents of the above 
John Travis (1768-1853) or who may be able to tell me in what 
county in Virginia John Travis was bom; also to communicate 
with any one who may be able to furnish a clue as to the maiden 
name of Sarah, wife of John Travis. Address Mrs. Jozie Mae 
Turner Matthews, 417 Transylvania Park, Lexington, Kentucky. 



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68 William and Mary Quarterly 



VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY: DEVELOPMENT OF 
ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT 

The past two years have been the most auspicious similar period that 
the archives have ever known. During that time, the old wooden shelving 
and its contents of bound magazines have been entirely removed from three 
sides of the Archives Room, and we now have the metal shelving and fur- 
nishings provided by an jippropriation of the General Assembly of 191 6. 
This equipment makes it possible to locate instantly any desired classifica- 
tion of material and we are gradually working into the Archives Room as 
much of the manuscript material as possible, — with the ultimate object 
of assembling all of it in one room, — which is a real "workshop" and 
into which all users of manuscripts are required to come for the examina- 
tion of such documents. A decided step towards thii ultimate was the 
fact that the wooden ''counter/' with its contents of bound newspapers, 
was removed from the Archives Room last fall and tables and chairs 
were installed, in order that the user of the achives might have the docu- 
ments right at his elbow, as well as the assistance of the archivist in the 
matter of explanation, or the location of supplemental material; and since 
the First of October, 1917, no manuscripts have been permitted to leave 
the Archive Room, — except for use in the Librarian's office, when the 
archivist goes to his dinner, — as there is no deputy to keep the room open, 
when the archivist is off duty. 

A Register of Users, wherein those who make use of the contents 
of the Department are requested to register, enables us to give indis- 
putable evidence that such-and-such a number of persons make actual use 
of the archives, while a record is kept of the material used, so that it is 
known what classifications are most in demand and which, therefore, 
should be made most completely available and most easily accessible. 
Printed forms for the convenience and guidance of the users and a "code" 
of rules and regulations will in due course be developed, as incidents and 
demands from time to time demonstrate the desirablity of such accessories. 

The experiment of the session I9i6-'i7 with the senior history stu- 
dents of the local colleges as "archival apprentices" developed, during the 
session just closed, a class of twelve of these apprentices from Westhampton 
College, whose services were utilized to assort and identify papers which 
were indeterminate as to classification and status, — legislative petitions- 

The Legislative Petition File (after being re-arranged in one contin- 
uous chronology from 1773 to 1865, — instead of having an individual 
chronology under the name of each county) has been fully indexed under 
the names of the counties from which these petitions were presented to 



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William and Mary Quarterly 69 

the General Assembly. As soon as the papers of this classification which 
have strayed into other files of papers shall have been assembled, the 
whole file will be checked against the Journals of the House, — after 
which they will be indexed in such a manner that it will be possible to 
at once hand to the investigator every petition in regard to any subject, 
county, or locality, involved in these papers. 

As the result of an appropriation for binding by the General Assem- 
bly of 1916, there are now available in bound form the personal property 
bo<^ from the G>unties of Accomac to Craig (alphabetically), — these 
being a portion of the material deposited in the Library by the State 
Auditor and listed in the Library BuUetin of January, 1914. The portion 
indicated is now bound in volumes and lettered and listed in alphabetical 
and serial order, — the individual chronology of each county also appear- 
ing under that name, — so that the desired volume is instantly available, 
whether for the genealogical purpose of locating an individual in a certain 
county at a specific date, or for forming a proper estimate of the economic 
or financial status of the county under consideration. 'And it is most 
encouraging to be able to say that the General Assembly of 1918 made a 
further appropriation for binding for the years 1918 and 1919, which, — 
amongst other things, — will enable us to bind this file of personal prop- 
erty books well on to one-half of the material (alphabetically), — so it is 
estimated. 

The other acts, concerning the Library, which were passed by the 
(General Assembly of 1918 are : 

(a) A "permissive'' "Act to allow public officials in Virginia, both 
State and local, to deposit records in the Virginia State Library" ; a copy 
of which act, together with a circular letter, was recently sent by the 
Librarian to the clerk of each of the counties, — and, while we do not 
expect to secure any great amount of material as a result of this enact- 
ment, yet I think that there is little doubt but that there will be a very 
satisfactory and an encouraging beginning. 

(b) The Confederate Records, collected by former Secretaries of 
Virginia Military Records, were transferred to the Library; and we esti- 
mate that it will require some one hundred and forty thousand cards to 
index the twenty large ledger volumes delivered, — these volumes con- 
taining copies of muster-rolls which had been collected from original and 
secondary sources. After the completion of this index, — which has been 
begun, but which will not be completed for more than a year yet, — we 
shall be able to give certificates for membership in the Daughters of the 
Confederacy, the Sons of Veterans, and for procuring the pensions pro- 
vided by the State for the widows and orphans of Confederate Soldiers ; 

(c) There was an all-round salary-increase of 20 per cent, which was 
more or less of a necessity, in view of current prices, and 



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yo William and Mary Quarterly 

(d) It was naturally very gratifying that the General Assembly 
should have ofificially designated me as "State Archivist" ; yet I think that 
the more important phase of the matter is the fact that someone in the 
General Assembly evidently thought that this designation would be more 
in keeping with the importance and dignity of the work within the juris- 
diction of the Department, and so I rather feel that there is an awakening 
to a juster and a more equitable valuation of the work being done by the 
Archives Department 

Finally, it should be stated that the archives are for public use, and 
especially so to persons who are desirous of joining organizations which 
require civil or political services by one's ancestor, which persons should 
write, or else come to the Library and make personal examination of the 
original documents proving said service by one's ancestor, — no matter 
whether that service be of the colonial. Revolutionary, War of 1812, or 
Confederate period (the last with the index qualification stated above). 

Morgan P. Robinson, 
State Archivist. 
July 6, 1918. 



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Works of Lyon G. Tyler 

President of fVilliam and Mary College^ 
fVilliamsburg^ Virginia. 

1. Letters and Times of the Tylers* 

Being a work in three volumes covering the lives of John Tyler, Sr^ 
Governor of Virginia, and his son. John Tyler, President of the 
United States, with a running commentary on political events from 
1775 to 1861. Price $7 (Express to be paid by purchaser). Apply to 
the author. 

2. Cradle of the Republic — Jamestown and James Riven 

A detailed history of Jamestown and the other James River settle- 
ments. Second edition, rewritten, enlarged and copiously illustrated. 
Sent to any place in the United States free of postage for $3. Apply 
to the author. 

3. Williamsburg, the old Colonial Capital. 

Copiously illustrated. Williamsburg is full of interest as the capital 
of Virginia during the American Revolution, and the seat of William 
and Mary College. Sent to any place in the United States free of 
postage for $2.50, Apply to the author. 

4. Parties and Patronage in the United States, 

in G. P. Putnam's "Questions of the Day." Out of Print, 

5. Narratives of Early Virginia (i 606-1 625). 
Charles Scribner*s Sons, Publishers, New York, 

6. The English in America. 

(Volume IV. in Hart's American Nation). Harper & Brothers, Pub- 
lishers, New York, 

7. Men of Mark in Virginia. 

In five volumes. Men of Mark Publishing Co.» Washington, D. C. 

8. Biographical Dictionary of Virginia. 

In five volumes. Lewis Historical Publishing Co.. New York. 1915. 

9. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. 
Lyon G. Tyler, Editor; William Clayton Torrcncc, Asfiociate Editor, 
This Magazine is devoted chiefly to the early history and families 
of Virginia. All unsigned articles conlribnted by the Editor^ Lyon G* 
Tyler. It enters on its twenty-sixth volume with the July number, 
1917. 

Subscription price is $J.0O per year. Back numbers furnished only to 
subscribers. Single copies $1.00. No discount to the trade. An index 
to Gcncalogic Data in the first sixteen volumes will be furnished on 
application. 



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2 

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jjy^ Vol. xxvn.. No. 2 



OCTOBER, 1918 



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William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XXVII. OCTOBER, 1918 No. 2 



CONTENTS. 



Fredericksburg in Revolutionary Days (Part i) 73 

ICilitia of Greensville County (Va.), 1782-1815 96 

Three Early Land Owners of Wight County * 104 

The Hunnicutt's of Prince George 113 

Higginbotham Family of Virginia 123 

Order Against Quakers 13a 

Historical and Genealogical Notes 132 



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XKIliniam anb Abatis CollCQC 

^uarterli? Dtetorical flDaoastne 

Vol. XXVII OCTOBER, 1918 No. 2 

FREDERICKSBURG IN REVOLUTIONARY DAYS 

PART I. 

In a charming diaty kept by him while under indentures to 
Colonel William Daingerfield, of Belvideira (a plantation on the 
river about seven miles below Fredericksburg) John Harrower a 
clever Scotchman, and schoolmaster to the youth of the Dainger- 
field and other neighboring households, was wont from time to 
time to copy letters which he had addressed to his "kith and 
kin" across the seas. In a letter to his wife in Lerwick in Scot- 
land, sent under date of December 6, 1774, Harrower, after 
alluding to the "bote war'' on the frontier which had terminated 
in the sanguinary battle of Point Pleasant : the conflict known to 
history as Dunmore's War, refers to the trouble then brewing 
between the Mother Country and her American colonies. ''You 
no doubt," writes he, "have heard of the present disturbance 
betwixt Great Britain and the collonyes in North America." He 
tells of the blockade of Boston Harbor by General Gage and of 
the Americans who "are determined to act with caution and pru- 
dence" but at the same time are resolved not to lose an inch of 
their rights nor to submit "to the parliamentary abridgment of 
their liberties"; and also he describes in detail the mustering of 
troops below Fredericksburg and also how in far away Massa- 
chusetts there could be raised within twenty-four hours warning 
**odds of 60,000 men well disciplined and all ready provided with 
arms and ammunition." 

The passage from Harrower's letter to his wife brings to 
mind also the rather prominent part which the people of Fred- 
ericksburg took in 1774 out of sympathy for the poor Bostonians. 
There was a great assemblage of citizens in the town house on 
Wednesday, June i, 1774, when Fielding Lewis, Charles Dick, 
Charles Mortimer, James Mercer, Charles Washington, William 



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74 William and Mary Quarterly 

Woodford, James Duncanson, William Porter, George Thornton 
and Charles Yates were appointed a committee **to correspond 
with the neighboring towns and counties for the purpose of com- 
municating to each other, in the most speedy manner their senti- 
ments on this present interesting and alarming situation in 
America/' The cause of this gathering and the patriotic action 
of the townspeople was the "hostile invasion of the rights and 
liberties of the town of Boston." (See Appendix i.) 

How real the great past seems to one in Fredericksburg: 
memorial objects are on every side to quicken the imagination. 

Within the limits of the town there lived for many years 
the remarkable woman who was the mother of George Wash- 
ington ; and all that is mortal of her reposes there. On one of 
the beautiful avenues stands the massive memorial to Hugh 
Mercer, who shed his blood for the ideal of liberty on the field of 
Princeton. His home was in Fredericksburg and in the town 
and surrounding country he practiced his profession of medi- 
cine. Weedon was a townsman and John Paul Jones was not an 
alien on her streets. Many a brilliant officer of the Virginia 
line went from the town, and vicinity: Lewis Willis, WiUiam 
Daingerfield, William Woodford, Alexander Spotswood, Francis 
Taliaferro Brooke and his brother, Richard, a surgeon, are names 
which come to mind. Fredericksburg's revolutionary days were 
not without statesmen: Jas. Mercer, William Fitzhugh, of 
Chatham ; Mann Page, of Mannsfield, may be named among them. 

In a house on the Main Street of Fredericksburg at the inter- 
section of Commerce, was at one time maintained a hospital for 
wounded revolutionary soldiers (see Appendix 2) and the Altmi 
Spring, in this vicinity, was the site of another of these hospitals. 
Charles Mortimer and John Julian ministered to the wounded 
and sick there (see Appendix 3). 

Just beyond Falmouth on the Stafford side of the river is the 
site of one of the most important of Virginia's revolutionary 
industries: Hunter's Iron Works, where in 1776, Alexander 



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William and Mary Quarterly 75 

Hanewinckle was manager, and later the genius of John Strode 
presided. 

We may well afford in passing to comment on the Iron Works. 
James Hunter, a wealthy resident of this vicinity, htgaai some 
years before the Revolutionary War developing the iron indus- 
try by erecting works and mills. From contemporaneous ac- 
accounts it appears that by the outbreak of the war he had quite 
an establishment. It was soon realized by the proprietor what a 
tremendous service he could render the State by increasing the 
size of his plant. Hunter sought State aid and a trifle was 
granted him but later petition for assistance was refused and to- 
ward the dose of the struggle he frankly tells the executive that 
his inability to further render the public any great service was 
due to the fact that he had not funds to keep up his works. James 
Mercer, one of the most influential and trusted citizens of the 
town and State says in a letter addressed to the Governor in 
April, 1 781, "I am sure I need not tell you that it is from Mr. 
Hunter's works that every camp kettle has been supplied for the 
continental and all other troops employed in this State and to the 
Southward this year past: that all anchors for this State and 
Maryland and some for continent have been procured from the 
same works ; that without these works we have no other resource 
for these articles and that without the assistance of bar iron made 
there even the planters hereabouts and to the Southward of this 
place would not be able to make bread to eat.'' (See Appendix 

4.) 

It would seem that the men of Fredericksburg were prompt 
in action at the first semblance of danger. One of Fredericks- 
burg's honored institutions was its "independent company of 
foot composed of the gentlemen inhabitants of the town." There 
is a record of the existence of this company as early as 1753.* 
On August 25, 1775, Hugh Mercer, George Weedon, Alex- 



*0n Feb. 7, 1753, William Lynn took the oath as captain of the 
Independent Company of Foot composed of the Gentlemen Inhabitants of 
the Town of Fredericksburg, (Spotsylvania Records, Order Book 1749-55, 
p. S16.) 



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76 William and Mary Quarterly 

ander Spotswood and John Willis, representing the gentle- 
men of the independent company addressed to Colonel Geoi^ 
Washington a brief but very fiery letter, expressing indigna- 
tion at Dunmore's "Powder plot" and expressing the thought 
that "this first public insult is not to be tamely submitted 
to." These men sought Washington's approval to "join the bodies 
of armed men" and march to Williamsburg. The following 
Saturday, which was the 29th, was named as the date for depar- 
ture. Messengers were dispatched to inform neighboring militia- 
men of their intention. "And we shall wait prepared" concluded 
the letter "for your instructions and their assistance." (See Ap- 
pendix 5.) John Harrower in his diary alludes to the gathering 
of 600 armed men at Fredericksburg on April 29th and the public 
press reported the proceedings of their "council." These men 
were ready to go at a word ; they were veritably "minute men" 
of this district. What advice Washington gave we do not know, 
though he, no doubt, counselled caution and the spirit of his 
advice may have influenced the action of representatives of the 
people gathered in the town on the day set apart for departure for 
Williamsburg. 

A communication had been received from Peyton Randolph, 
speaker of the House of Burgesses which was reassuring in 
regard to the return of the powder and as to the threatened dan- 
ger of further depredations by the royal authorities. The report 
of this council embodies some of the sanest advice ever given 
a people at a moment of extreme tension. (See Appendix 6.) 

APPENDIX I 
(Copied from "American Archives," fourth series, VoL I, columns 373-4.) 

F^tEDERICKSBUKG (VIRGINIA) RESOLUTION 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of Fredericksburg, in the County of 
Spottsylvania, and Colony of Virginia, at the Town House, on Wednesday, 
the first day of June, 1774: 

Resolved, That it is the unanimous opinion of this meeting to concur 
in every proper measure that may be thought expedient by our sister 
Colonies, on this important occasion, respecting the hostile invasions of 
the rights and liberties of the town of Boston. 



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William and Mary Quarterly tj 

Resolved, That Messrs. Fielding Lewis, Charles Didc, Charles Mortimer, 
James Mercer, Charles Washington, William Woodford, James Duncanson, 
William Porter, George Thornton, and Charles Yates, be appointed a Com- 
mittee for this town to correspond with the neighboring towns and counties 
for the purpose of communicating to each other, in the most speedy 
manner, their sentiments on this present interesting and alarming situation 
of America. 

Resolved, That Benjamin Johnston be appointed Qerk to this Com- 
mittee. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this Committee, as well as those 
of other Provinces and Colonies, laid before them this day, be fairly tran- 
scribed by the Clerk in a book to be kept for that purpose. 

Per order of the Committee, 

Benjamin Johnston, Town Qerk. 

APPENDIX 2 

[Copied from a paper in the Virginia State Library whose reference 
number is "Legislative Petitions. 1799. December 19. Spotsylvania."] 

To the Honourable the Speaker and Gentleman of the House of Delegates 
of Virginia. 

The Petition of Henry Vowles humbly sheweth. That your Petitioner 
is the proprietor of a large Brick House in the Town of Fredericksburg 
which, in the month of Nov. 1775, when your Petitioner was serving in 
the army, was by Order of the magistracy, converted into an Hospital & 
Barracks for the State Troops, who in the first instance did considerable 
damage to it, & by their possession occasion'd two tenants, who were in 
the occupation of part of the said house, to remove — That the said 
house was used for the purposes aforesaid, by both State & Continental 
troops, during the whole course of the War — That when your Petitioner 
retum'd from the army at the end of the War, the house was render'd en- 
tirely useless, there being little else but the Walls & Roof remaining, the 
Doors, Windows, Sashes, & Glass, Floors, h other inside work, being 
wholly destro/d, & many of the Joists & even some of the Sleepers, cut 
out by the troops so placed therein — That so soon as the year 17^5 & 
previous to his entering upon the Repairs of the said house, he had the 
damages thus sustained estimated by three Workmen, on Oath, of good 
character, in the said Town of Fred*, which valuation, together with sundry 
other vouchers to prove the occupancy of & damages to the said house, 
accompany this memorial of your Petitioner — That soon after the 
valuation aforesaid being inform'd that a Mi* Zepheniah Turner ¥ras 
appointed by Congress to adjust claims of that kind, he transmitted to the 
said Me Turner at Richmond a statement of his claim, who after having 
retain'd the same more than twelve months, retum'd it to your Peti- 



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78 William and Mary Quarterly 

« 
tioner with this information, that he was not instructed to settle such 
claims, for that Congress had resolv'd that the individual States were 
to settle for all claims of that nature, as by the said "h/L^ Turner's Letter 
will appear after which your Petitioner applied to the Auditor of public 
accounts at Richmond, who said he cou'd do nothing in the business. Your 
Petitioner begs leave further to state, that from his constitution being 
much impaired during the War, he was for many years after these applica- 
tions, in a very low state of health, so much so, as to be oblig'd to go 
each summer to the Sweet Springs, & that during this lengthy indisposition 
he attended to little ebe but the preservation of life, as may be ascertain'd 
from members of your own body — That since the recovering a toler- 
able state of health, he has caus'd his Petition to the House of Delegates 
for compensation, to be presented several times, in each of which it has 
been, by their Committee, reported reasonable, but not finally decided 
on, the first at the Session of 1791, the last at the Session of 1798 — That 
in the last instance your Petitioner was particularly desirous to have a 
conclusion, but from the House being occupied about important business 
'till an advanc'd period of the Session, he has been inform'd that it was 
not done. Your Petitioner therefore, having no prospect of ever getting 
any part from the General Government, & no hope, for apart, but in the 
Justice & Bounty of his own State, humbly Prays that your honorable 
body will now take his case into tender consideration, & grant him com- 
pensation for such part, whatever that may be, as to you shall seem just 
& reasonable. And your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray &c. 

Henry Vowles. 
[Endorsed:] Henry Vowles Pet®. Decem. 19, 1799. Rejected. 

[From a paper in the Virginia State Library, whose reference number is 
Legislative Petitions, 1798. Dec. la Spots. No. 3902.] 

The Committee of Qaims have according to order had under their 
Consideration the Petition of Henry Vowles to them referred, and have 
agreed upon a report and come to two Resolutions thereupon as follows : 

It appears to your Committee, that, sometime in the year 1775, a 
large bride house situate on the main street in the town of Fredericks- 
burg, then belonging to Mary Frazier, and in the occupation of two 
persons tenents of the said Mary, was taken possession of by some State 
troops under the Command of Captain Gibson, as a barracks and hospital, 
and the tenents thereby compelled to remove from the same; that during 
the continuance of the said troops therein, through want of fuel, and 
from a disorderly disposition, they cut to pieces, burnt and otherwise 
destroyed all its floors, sleepers, joists, doors, window sashes, and glass: 
that, from the said time through the whole course of the War, the said 
house was almost continually used by successive bodies of troops, who 
marched through the said town, for the purposes above mentioned: 



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William and Mary Quarterly 79 

It also appears to your Committee that when these transactions took 
place, the said Mary Frazier was an infant, and that the Petitioner was an 
officer in the American Army, and served therein until the end of the 
War : that after his return from the Army he intermarried with the said 
Mary, and thereby, in her right, became entitled to the said house: that 
shortly thereafter the Petitioner proceeded to repair the same, for the 
accommodation of tenents, but to such extent ¥ras the destruction done to 
the said house, that the Petitioner could not by his utmost exertions 
render it habitable until some time in November 1783; and that after 
such repairs were made, so valuable was the house, on account of its 
structure and situation, that the Petitioner was for many years after- 
wards enabled to obtain therefor a rent exceeding £200. per annum for 
iStkt occupation thereof. 

It further appears to your Committee, that the Petitioner, after his 
intermarriage with the said Mary, in contemplation of obtaining a Com- 
pensation from the State, in April 1783 caused the said house to be viewed 
fay skillful workmen in the said town of Fredericksburg, that the real 
and actual damage done to the same by the said troops during their 
occupation as aforesaid might be by them ascertained; and they have 
accordingly certified upon oath that in their opinion the said damage 
amounted to £500. specie. 

Resolved, that it is the Opinion of this Committee that the Petition 
of the said Henry Vowles praying that he may receive Compensation for 
the damages done to the said house by the American Soldiery, amounting 
to the sum of £500, specie, is reasonable. 

Resolved, that it is the Opinion of this Committee that the Petitioner 
ought to be allowed an annual rent of dollars for the said 

house, to commence on the 20^ of November 1775 and end the 20^ day 
of November 1783, during which period of time the Petitioners Wife 
in her own right while single, and the Petitioner himself in her right 
after the intermarriage were, by means of the said occupation thereof 
by the American Soldiery, and the damage done thereto by them, re- 
spectively deprived of the benefit thereof.* 



* The Land Tax lists of Fredericksburg 1790 shows that Henry Vowles 
owned Lots 23 and 24 in the town; these lots are adjoining ones and 
extend from Caroline (Main) street to Sophia (Water) street on Wil- 
liam ((Commerce) street The lots, or parts thereof, were sold in 1760, 
to James Hunter and George Eraser (or Frazier). (korge Fraser, in his 
will probated April i, 1765, mentions these two lots. (Spotsylvania 
County Records.) Vowles married Mary Frazier (see above) and thus 
came into possession of the lots and houses. 



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8o William and Mary Quarterly 

APPENDIX 3 

[From Papers Relating Chiefly to the Maryland Line During the 
Revolution. Edited by Thomas Balch, Philadelphia: Printed for the 
Seventy-Six Society, T. K. & P. G. Collins, Printers. 1857.] 

Dr. Mortimer to General Weedon 

Fredericksburg, Va., June 18th, 1781. 
Dear Sir: 

I informed you last month as conmianding officer here and a gentle- 
man who has often expressed great uneasiness of mind at the neglect of 
of the medical department by those who should have attended to it that it 
was not in my power to give the sick assistance longer, for the following 
reasons. 

The want of medicines — my own indisposition often & sudden and 
never having any regular appointment from the State, only a requisition 
from Mr. Miskman to attend them until some regular arrangement was 
made and medicines provided. I have acted since last August merely 
through humanity for soldiers and prisoners, and have sent off near one 
hundred from this place without a death — found them all my own medi- 
cines, often things from my house and rendered them every service in my 
power, and make no doubt but you will assist me when opportunity offers to 
get some compensation for medicines, &c I have made frequent appli- 
cations North and South for medicines to no purpose — not even an 
answer to my letters. If a house could be got near here and a gentleman 
acquainted with the practice part of surgery to attend, it would be 
much; for I never did practice in surgery, or operate it being very 
repugnant to my disposition. There are none ill now but one diseased 
negro fellow. Any assistance I can give in medical advice at any time 
will do it with pleasure, gratis. I never received any emolument — hope 
you will do me the justice to say I faithfully discharged my duty without 

I am, with esteem, your obedient 

Serv't 

Chas. Mortimer. 

Gen'l Weedon. 

General Weedon to Dr. Julian. 

Fredericksburg, 20 June, 1781. 
Sir. 

Dr. Mortimer having acquainted me that his indisposition prevents so 
strict an attention to the Public Hospital as a post of that consequence 
requires I am induced from that gentleman's friendly recommendation of 
your abilities to appoint you Director of that department, and doubt not 
you will attentively superintend the sick and wounded until the officer of 
the department furnishes you proper power and medicines, or my further 



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WnxiAic AND Mary Quarterly 8i 

orders. You will please in the first place to procure a convenient house 
in the vicinity of the town to remove the sick and to prevent any pestilential 
disorders among the inhabitants, and Sir, the patients from drunken 
and riotous company. 

Your mo. obed. Serv't 

During your continuance in this department you are entitled to the pay 
and rations of a Director of the Hospital 
[Endorsed] 
Appointment of Dr. Julian to the Hospital 

[Copied from a paper in the Virginia State Library whose reference is 
•'John Julian, B. W."] 

Spotsylvania County Virginia to Wit 

Personally appeared before me a justice of the peace for the county 
aforesaid, Edward Hemdon aged seventy years, who being first duly 
sworn saith. That in the latter part of the year 1779 he was appointed to 
act as Commissary of issues at Fredericksburg, where Dr. John Julien acted 
as Hospital Surgeon, and gave orders for rations for the soldiers in the 
Hospital. That after the surrender of ComwaUis, a part of the prisoners 
were marched to Fredericksburg: part of them were sick, and were sent 
to the Alum Springs, about two miles from the town, and altho' they 
had a surgeon with them Dr. Julien attended them, and gave orders for 
their rations, to the best of this affiant's recollection. Dr. Charles Mortimer 
acted as a surgeon for a short time, but whether as an assistant to Dr. 
Julien or not he cannot say. He believes that Dr. Julien attended upon 
the sick in the Hospital as long as this aflfiant remained in the issuing de- 
partment which was to the end of the war, or as long as rations were 
called for, and untill all the stores both of the Commissary and Quarter 
Master in Fredsburg were ordered to be sold. 

Edward Hemdon. 

Spotsylvania County, State of Virginia to Wit 

I, Edward Hull, a justice of the peace for the County and State first 
aforementioned do hereby certify that Edward Hemdon subscribed and 
swore to the above Affidavit as being a true and correct one to the be^t 
of his recollection. In witness whereof I hereunto affix my hand and seal 
this 26th day of June 1831. 

Edward HuU[SEAL] 



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82 William and Mary Quaktbrly 

APPENDIX 4 

[Executive Papers, April, 1781, Virginia State Library.] 

Frederic'sb'g April 14th 1781 
Dear Sir, 

It would be an effront to your Excellenc/s understanding was I to 
make an apology to the first Magistrate of this State for communicating 
any Facts or even Hints that might contribute to your better Information 
in your public character. I shall therefore without appoUogy proceed to 
inform your Excellency, that for my own knowledge of the country & the 
uniform opinion of all I have conversed with on the subject there is not 
in this State a place more deserving of public attention than this Town and 
its appendage Mr. Hunter's Iron Works — I am sure I need not tell you 
that it is from Mr. Hunter's Works that every Camp Kettle has been 
supplyed for the continental and all other Troops employed in this State 
& to the Southward this year past — that all the anchors for thb State 
& Maryland & some for continent have been procured from the same works ; 
that without these works we have no other resource for these articles, and 
that without the assistance of the Bar Iron made there, even the planters 
hereabouts & to the Southward of this place wou'd not be able to make 
Bread to eat — As to the Town itself I need not inform you that the 
public manufactory of Arms is here — that without it, all our Arms, how- 
ever so little injured wou'd be useless to us; besides the number of new 
muskets & bayonets made there, renders that an object worthy our pre- 
serving & the Enemy's destruction — To this however, I may add that 
there is not one spot in the State so generally useful in our military opera- 
tions — full one-third of all new lines rendezvous here; all the Troops 
from North to South & South to North must pass through this Town, 
where wagons are repaired, horses shoed and many other &cas which 
they cou'd not proceed on without, the Troops get provisions here to the 
next Stage & no place is so convenient to a very extensive & productive 
Country for the reception of Grain & other Articles of Provision. If this 
state of facts is admitted, can it be doubted but that the Enemy will con- 
sider it as one of their first objects to deprive us of so many advantages 
to their prejudice — The Foundary was thought an object worthy their 
attention & this from information only — But now far more certain that 
this place will be thought so when Genl. Phillips has himself been an eye 
witness that there are such advantages here & has so often seen the con- 
veniences drawn from this place by all our Troops both regulars & 
militia. I will not say more, but to tell you that yesterda3r's experience 
produced proofs of our very alarming situation. Six armed Vessells 
went up Potomack River on Wednesday night; on Thursday they were 
said to be nine & more, with about five hundred Troops. Colo Towles, 
the commanding Officer, not doubting this to be an object set himself 
about its defence with as much vigour as possible, but behold not more 



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WnxiAM AND Mary Quarterly 83 

than eighty muskets cou'd be procttred (& these repaired arms & without 
bayonets) — abt 60 more guns of all sorts compose the whole ; and 
where are the rest? with our militia before Portsmouth & at Williams- 
burg ! Even men are wanting, there being now two Drafts of militia from 
Stafford & Prince William & Fairfax, now the scene of war & this county 
as vulnerable of* ... at Williamsburg & other places not near the 
consequence to this State as this place is — •G>lo. Towles, writing by the 
same opportunity will make it unnecessary for me to say anything abt. 
the want of flints &cca. I write at his desire, and am at all times, and 
with great Esteem & respect, your Excellency's 

most obed't & very humble serVt 

Js. Mercer. 
[Endorsed] His Excellency 

Thomas Jefferson, Esqr. 

Governor of Virginia 
c/o Express. 

[Executive Communications Oct 20, 1777 to Jan. 24, 1778, Virginia 
State Library.] 

Rapph. Forge 19 Febry 1777. 
Sir. 

In a paragraph of the Governors Letter you were pleased to com- 
municate, I observe His Excellencies disposition to encourage these manu- 
factures in a more extensive plan of operation. Happy should I be on the 
Occasion to receive and carry your Commands for that Laudable purpose 
into execution. Provided it can be done on Terms whereby you will not 
be looser. Hands I believe under proper r^;ulations might be obtained, 
especially as most of those at present employed here are Master workmen 
and could each take in a prentice or unexperienced hand under him if we 
had shoproom. Tools and the different Machinery enlarged. An New shop 
for the Gunsmith 300 feet in length will be absolutely necessary, where 
a Qerk or two to assist the Head Workman could receive & deliver 
work and minute down each mans performance & loss of Time. But the 
expence of Building and procuring (in these times) the Materials for 
the different apparatus would in the whole amount to a Sum too large 
I apprehend for you or any private person in America to advance without 
Government would take your guns and all the different Arms, Anchors 
&c of your Manufacture on certain Terms for some fixed Time not less 
than Ten or more years, and make such provision by Law for price and 
payment as will be a just equivalent for your expence and trouble at 
least For I am well convinced that you are no gainer by it even now, 
when your stock of Pig Iron, Steel, Brass, Copper, Spitter(?) and most 
all the Materials hath been laid in in the very best terms, long since pur- 



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84 William and Mary Quarterly 

chased when plenty & cheap paid for in specie and Bills. Its true muskets 
can be made without Brass mounting. But without Pig Iron you cannot 
make even the Scalps for your Factory or any other State not to mention 
the Vast consumption in Ship building. And anchors for the Navy, and 
variety of Smith work you are already (and a great expence) prepared 
to do and so deeply engaged in. And tis plain from Mr. Lawson's Let- 
ters you can have but small dependance in Colo. Tayloes Furnaces for 
any supply. If you are to furnish your works from Maryland with 
Pig metal it must come excessive high. Should the Iron Masters there 
agree to sell it at all, which I must doubt as each Furnace which makes 
good Pig for Bars are connected with Forges belonging to same owners, 
who will perhaps have it in their power soon to oblige their extensive 
State to purchase from them Manufactured Iron only. The encourage- 
ment which that province has at all times given to works of the kind 
enables the proprietors to carry them on with such facility, dispatch and 
advantage as you nor no Iron Master here can accomplish untill coun- 
tenanced and enabled by the Legislative power, but were you sure of 
purchasing Pig Iron from Maryland on any terms you are not alwasrs cer- 
tain of conve3rance by Water and that conveyance extravagant as freight is 
raised is not always safe, at best difficult and never certain. I have Ven- 
tured to say more on this Head as it is the very Source and radical 
Matter from which every branch of business here must depend for exist- 
ence, and except you can first come on some contract or certainty of 
supply or encouragement to explore the neighbouring Lands for Ore, 
and if on examination a sufficient stock thereof be found, liberty to work 
and improve the same for the State or yourself. On pa3ring the owner by 
appraisement of disinterested men or some just and eligible method 
whereby you can secure a certain and constant supply of metal without 
which it be would be too hazardous and indeed quite imprudent to extend 
your sphere of operation and like raising a magnificent superstructure 
without a solid foundation, but should these matters be settled to your 
safety and satisfaction you cannot then promise much to yourself or coun- 
try while every recruiting officer has it in his power to enevigle and enlist 
the hands from the works and at any time press the waggons out of your 
Service, which has happened frequently and in the Very throng of my 
business. Once last Summer they carried off Six Waggons just as I was 
endeavoring to remedy that loss by replacing those with Three more all 
I could get they in like manner pressed them and divers other times have 
they taken waggons some on Journeys for grain and other Supplies for 
the Works which has obliged me (together with your positive orders to 
supply the publick gunnery from the coale here) to continue coaling all 
this winter and now in the severest frost & snow (to your great loss) 
weather neither fit for Man nor Beast to go out in, or otherwise suffer all 
your works to stand idle, on the whole, as laying in a Stock of Coale and 
every other part of the business here performed by Waggons stands on so 



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William and Mary Quabterly 85 

precarious a footing, nothing now, nor indeed ever will without absolute 
security in this service be carried on with advantage to yourself or the 
State. Therefore if His Excellency, in conjunction with the other branches 
of the Legislature would consider of some expedient for working the Iron 
mines within the state Protecting the Artificers, Labourers, Teams and other 
property of the Adventurers employed therein and the Works, Factorys, 
&C. depending thereon in which case, not only any branch already carried 
on here, but a variety of others may be extended to any length they desire 
and to advantage of the proprietors and also to the state, and every in- 
dividual thereof. 

The heads of what occurs to me now is in the following notes, viz. 

I. That no recruiting officer be allowed to enlist any of your work- 
men that has not obtained your (or yr managers) discharge, or been 
absent from the place Three months. 

2nd. That no officer whatever without your consent be allowed 
to take a Team employed at your works whether your own property 
or hired. 

3d. That if at the instance of the Legislative powers you extend the 
different machinery for gunns and other Arms they agree to take the 
produce at certain reasonable rates for some fixed time, or if it be found 
expedient to discontinue the Manufactory for any reason, cause or event, 
which may arrise before the expiration of yr Term, in that case you to 
have an adequate allowce made for the loss and disapointment which 
you must otherwise suffer. 

Consider ist your works for that branch rendered useless 
2d your stock Matterials on hand 

3 the great variety of useless tools 

4 workmen to whom you will be under engagements 

5 the number of apprentices, with whom cost has been to teach 

them the forepart of thr Time. 
4th. The liberty to raise ore on any place convenient and carry 
it off, paying for same as before mentioned and 

5di To erect Furnaces for Smelting said ore on the Next and most 
convenient place for wood and water. 

6U1 Some small encouragement or priviledge to Artificers, particu- 
larly for ingenuity and constant faithful application to the branch th^ 
profess — particularly gunlock's. 

7th That the most effectual Measures be taken for prosecuting and 
enlarging the different branches you have already engaged in viz ist 
Bar Iron for Army & Navy, 2d Arms 3d Slitting and plating mills. 4th 
Wire mill 5th Steel Furnace. 

I am Sir your very Faithful Serv't 

John Strode 



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86 William and Mary Quarterly 

To Mr James Hunter 

Wmsburg May 31, 1777 
Sir 

As there was no Manufactory of Iron in ^is State which was carried 
on to such an extent, and to Purposes of such vast Importance as Mr. 
Hunter's near Fredericksburg I took the liberty of promising him the 
assistance of the Publick in the Prosecution of his Works on a more en- 
larged Plan. In consequence of thb Mr. Hunter laid my letter before Mr. 
John Strode his Manager, that he might enable him to inform me how 
far his works were capable of answering my expectations. This pro- 
duced a Letter from Mr. Strode which Mr. Hunter has laid before the 
Council Board with a Memorial. The Subject of these Papers was of so 
much consequence to this State, and Mr. Hunter himself so deserving of 
the attention of the Publick that I thought it my duty to lay them before 
the General Assembly, who alone can enable him to carry on these exten- 
sive & valuable Works. 

What must strongly recommend Mr Hunter is, that he asks for no 
pecuniary assistance, but merely for Materials to work. He requires 
only what the good of the State most evidently points out, which is to, 
open Mines within the same, and not to depend on our Neighbours for so 
necessary an article as Iron. With great Regard I have the Honor to be. 
Sir 

Yr mo. ob't ft very 
h'ble Ser't 

P Henry 

[Endorsed] To the Honl)le George Wythe Esqr 

Speaker of the House of Delegates 
The Governor's Letter May 31, 1777 

Inclosing Hunter's Memorial with other papers relative thereto. 

To His Excellency the Governor and the Honorable the Coundl of 
the G>mmonweaIth of Virginia. 

The Memorial of James Hunter humbly sheweth that your Memo- 
rialist actuated by the warmest zeal for the good of his G>untry, has 
with very great Labour & expence erected a Variety of Works, such as 
Forges, Steel Furnaces &c & begun others such as slitting, plating & wire 
Mills, Sl established Factories for fabricating small Arms, entrenching 
Tools, Anchors & other things necessary in the Army & Navy, Works 
evidently essential not only to the welfare, but to the very existence of this 
State. 

That he has been encouraged to overlook in the Prosecution of these 
works Difficulties which seemed to private Abilities insurmountable by 
assurances from your Excellency of Publick G)untenance & Support 



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William and Mary Quarterly 87 

That he has been heretofore supplied with Pig Iron, the Basis of all 
his Manufactures, from Maryland; but that this mode of supply, at best 
are improper as well as an unbecoming dependence for a great State, 
is now become exceedingly expensive & precarious. 

That Nature has made ample Provision amongst ourselves for ^ese 
our necessities; but that no advantage can be derived from this circum- 
stance either to the Publick or your Memorialist, these necessary Mate- 
rials being the property of Persons who either have not the Power or the 
Inclination to work them. 

That he has more than once suffered by the enlisting of his workmen 
& the pressing of his waggons, & that he dreads the greatest Detriment 
to the Publick as well as to himself if he be not secured from such 
injurious Proceedings in future. 

And lastly that for fuller saitifaction with respect to several Matters 
mentioned in this Memorial, your Memorialist begs leave to refer you to a 
Letter received by him on this subject from the Manager of his works. 
[Endorsed] James Hunter may 31, I777- Ref'd to Mr. Nicholas Harvie, 
Zane, Adams, Jones, A. Hite, Starke, Henry, Jett, Carter & Claphan.* 

James Withers, Francis Stem, Thomas Arrasmith, Enoch Benson, 
Joel Radish, Thos. Edrington, William Edrington, Zacharial Benson, 
Thomas Stephens, Joseph Radish, Cossom Horton. We of the Jury have 
attended the survey being first sworn and deliberately considered the 
value of two Hundred Acres of Land at the Accakeek Iron Works are 
of opinion the value thereof to be five hundred pounds current Money 
of Virginia. James Withers, foreman. NoVr ist, 1777. Elijah Thrcl- 
keld. Sheriff. 

Plat of Land 

November 1777. Surveyed for Mr. James Hunter (agreeable to an 
Act of Assembly) in presence of the G)mmissioners & a jury two hun- 
dred acres of land at accakeed old Iron Works Beginning at the Chest- 
nut oaks on a millside at A near the Head of the pond & run from thence 
So. 35d east 350 po. to B a stake near the head of a small Branch, thence 
So. 63 east 80 poles to C near an appletree & in the Companys lower line 
from thence Noth East 90 poles to D two small white Oaks ft a Hickory 
in the s'd Line thence N. W. 116 poles to E, a white Oak thence No. east 
70 poles to F, a large gum near a spring, thence N. W. 154 poles to G the 
old Dam, thence up the side of the pond N. 64 W. 48 poles to H. from 
thence across the Head of the pond to the Beginning. — 



* Act from Hening, XX, p. 303 for James Hunter's Iron Works : 



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88 William and Mary Quabterly 

Travcrs Daniel S. S. C 
North East Maryland lo July 
Mr. James Hunter 

Sir, I am favor'd with yours of the fifth Instant pr Mr. Ash: in 
reply thereto I have no thoughts of enlarging our Concern in Iron Works 
at this time especially at so remote a distance & where the Prospect is not 
very inviting. You are to use your o¥m discretion in this matter and I 
doubt [not] but our Gentlemen will receive sufficient [compensation] for 
any of their Lands that may be appropriate for ye building of Iron Works 
& making of Iron. 

You will please observe that the taking a part[icular] Spot from them 
may render the remainder of their Lands of little value. 

I am with wishing you all des[ira]ble success in your undertakings 
very respectfully 

Dear Sir 

Yo. mo. Ob't Serv't 

Thos. Russell 
A copy attested by us 

William Fitzhugh 
Thos. Lud. Lee 
Rob Brent 
Saml Selden 
Chs Girter 

Stafford to wit Mr. John Ash declared before me on the holy Gospel God 
that the above h a copy of a letter which he reed, from Thos Russell in an- 
swer to a letter which he the said Ash delivered to the said Russell from 
Mr. James Hunter, & that he the deponent also delivered to the said Russel 
a copy of an Act of the General Assembly entitled an Act for the Encour- 
agement of Iron Works. 

Given under my hand this tenth day of Novr. 1777 

Thos. Lud. Lee 

The under written Commissioners appointed by a certain Act of the 
General 'Assembly entitled an Act for Encouragement of Iron Works being 
informed by James Hunter Esqr. that he was ready to locate two hundred 
acres of a certains tract of Land in the County of Stafford, called and 
known by the name Accokeek furnace tract, ft the said Hunter having pro- 
duced to the said commissioners a Letter subscribed Thomas Russell for 
self & Company containing a disclaimer of any intention to erect a furnace 
on the tract herein before mentioned as by a copy of [a letter] by us 
attested & herewith transmitted will more fully appear, the said commis- 
sioners attended by the County Surveyor, Sheriff, ft Jury in Comformity 
to ye directions of the forementioned Act must upon ye said Land ft 



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William and Mary Quabterly 89 

Directed the bounds of ye said two hundred acres to be laid off according to 
the Piatt ft Survey hereto annexed, together with the evaluation of the 
Jury. Subscribed by us this third day of November 1777. William Fitz- 
hugh, Thos. Lud. Lee» Rob Brent, Saml Selden, Chs. Carter. 

[Endorsed] Report of Commissioners, Appointed to Locate Land for 
Iron Works, Novr 15th, 1777 

[Executive Communications, May 3 to June 24, 1779, smd Oct 4 to Dec 
24, 1779, Virginia State Library.] 

The Committee to whom the Governors Letter with the Memorial 
of James Hunter & other papers where refer'd have according to order 
had the same under their consideration and come to the following Resolu- 
tions thereupon vizt 

Resolv'd as the Opinion of this Committee that the subject matter 
contain'd in the said memorial is reasonable & merits every encourage- 
ment of the Legislature, agd to. 

Resolv'd as the Opinion of this Committee that the Memorialist ought 
to be allow'd to locate two Hundred acres of Land of the Accakeek Tract, 
lying in the County of Stafford including the old Furnace Seat & dam, 
& if a sufficient Body of Iron ore is not discovered therein that he be at 
liberty to explore and open any other unimproved Lands belonging to the 
said Furnace tract, and upon discovering a sufficient Body of ore, to locate 
ten acres thereof (in case the proprietors or their agents shall not within 
a reasonable time open them) paying to the proprietors such valuation 
as well of the two Hundred acres as of the Ten acres, as shall be made by 
a Jury of twelve good & Lawfull Freeholders upon Oath; and that two 
Commissioners be appointed in behalf of the proprietors, to attend the 
Survey ft valuation of the said Land, agreed to. 

Resolv'd as the Opinion of this Committee, that if a Body of Iron Ore 
is not discovered on the Accakeek Tract, the Memorialist ought to be 
allowed to explore & open for the discovery of Iron ore, any other unim- 
proved Lands within the circuit of Thirty Miles, in conjunction, & with 
the concurrence of two commissioners to be appointed for that purpose, 
paying to the proprietors any damage they may sustain thereby and making 
report of these discoveries to the next Session of Assembly, agreed to. 

The Accakeek Iron Mines in Stafford County, belonging to a com- 
pany in England whose property they still remain, were worked but dis- 
continued upwards twenty years ago because they had larger & richer 
Banks of ore, with greater conveniencys of Wood & Water in Maryland, 
where all their Hands, stocks & utensils were removed. The Lands are 
aaid to have been offered for sale by the company's agent and probably 
from their being very broken without Timber and the soil excessive poor, 
lutve not been sold. These being situated on the same direction ft vein 
of Ore with Mr. Spotswoods ft Mr. Chisseb is likely to be of same quality 



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90 William and Mary Quarterly 

and though improper for Bars ( ?) is yet exceedingly fit for variotis other 
manufactures set on foot here and if opened may be instantly renedered 
serviceable from their vadnity to Hunters works in want of Pig Mettal 
and at present not procurable from the neighbouring States untill these 
and other Lands can be explored for Ore and convenient Furnace Seats 
fixed on His slitting, plating & wire Mills being on a scale large enough 
to supply this State provided he can secure the Pig Mettal without which 
it is impossible for him to furnish the G>untry with Bar Iron for Plant- 
ing and many Utensils, the Army & Navy with Arms, Entrenching Tools, 
Anchors & all sorts of shop work which they have hitherto depended on 
him for besides his steel Furnace now in operation with the Publick & 
Private Factorys for Arms. 

Two or three hundred acres of Land including the Old Accakeek 
Furnace seat & Dam, and extending to any Bank of Iron Ore upon the 
Lands located, where sufficient is discovered to work the Furnace, with 
ten or twelve acres of Land, at the most convenient water on Aquia or 
Poto Creeks on Poto Run, for a Landing & Pasture for transporting 
Oyster shells Scc^ pasring the Proprietors the value by appraisement of 
disinterested men, as also the liberty to send out miners to search for 
and open on any uncleared ft uncultivated Lands Banks of Iron Ore within 
such distance of his works as well bear the carriage of Pig Mettal, say 
about thirty miles, on paying the Proprietors for any injury breaking the 
soil, in case his views at Accakeek are disappointed or [do] not sufficiently 
answer the purpose. 

[Executive Papers, Jan. 1781, Virginia State Library] 

Fredericksburg, 25th January 1781. 
Sir. 

I received in course your excellencys favour of the loth curm. with an 
intimation of the supposed design of the enemy to come this way, and your 
advice to remove whatever would be most exposed to their attempts. 

I beg permission to return your excell'y my best thanks for this your 
kind attention to my concerns, and for the early notice jrour letter con- 
vc3red. 

In consequence whereof I immediately caused to be transported to a 
place of safety such of the articles at my works as were made for the 
public use being the camp kettles, axes, ftc, ordered by Gen. Greene some 
of the same & other things designed for the state ; and a part of my own 
effects. 

And though for this purpose I had no occasion to make use of your 
excellency's permission to impress waggons, the assistance afforded me by 
those belonging to the public together with the service of my own teams 
having proved sufficient, I consider myself nevertheless as obliged by it as 
I am by the directions given to Gen Weedon to take measures for the 
protection of my works, which were fully complied with. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 91 

But it gives me concern to acquaint your excell'y that it is not in my 
power to repair any of the arms sent mc by Col Winter whose letter accom- 
panying them came to hand yesterday; my workmen in that branch having 
all left me, and the manufactory of small arms being of consequence dis- 
continued; but the orders before given by the State for other matters 
are going on with all possible expedition. 

I have sent by the bearer Mr. Dick, the warrant granted me on the 
treasury sometime ago, for £50,000 ; of which I have not yet received pay- 
ment, but beg I may now as the reasons for obtaining it and which I had 
the honour to lay before your excell'y still subsist with undiminished force ; 
and as I have also certificates from Gen. Gates of the delivery of sundries 
the manufactures of my works, furnished during the course of the last 
summer, for the use of the army under his command to the amount of at 
least £130,000, a considerable portion of which is due for workmen's wages, 
provisions, &c 

I have on hand a parcel of coarse woollens, sufficient for the clothing 
of 150 or 200 men, which I would deliver if the state has occasion for 
them; and receive in payment tobacco, inspected at the warehouses of 
Fredericksburg and Falmouth at the price of £50 per hundred weight if 
^is should answer you will be pleased to appoint somebody to examine 
into the quality and to fix with me the prices of these goods. 
I have the honour to be 
with the most perfect respect 

Sir, 
Your excellenc3rs very obedient 
and very humble servant, 

James Hunter 
[Endorsed] His Excellency 

Thomas Jefferson, Esqr 

Governor of Virginia 
Richmond 
Favd. by Mr Dick 

[Executive Papers, Feb. 1781, Virginia State Library] 

Stafford, 25th February, 1781 
Sir. 

In reply to your excellencys inquiry how far the orders that have been 
given for camp kettles to be made at my works, are complied with and in 
what manner those made have been disposed of I beg leave to inform 
you, that the order given last summer for 1000 to be furnished for the 
particular use of the state is now fully compleated, and the greater part 
of tiiem, including in the number the 200 received by CoL Zane by virtue of 
your excellencjTS orders to that effect have, at different times, been de- 



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92 William and Mary Quarterly 

Kvered; and for more full satisfaction on this head, I shall direct my 
manager to make out an exact specification of the number furnished at each 
time, to whom delivered, and an account of what remains on hand, which 
paper shall be transmitted to your excellency. 

We are now engaged in fabricating a parcel together with some other 
things by the direction of Gen. Greene, and for the use of his army ; never- 
theless the order your excellency has last given for looo additional 
arms to be immediately got ready for the separate service of the state, 
shall be particularly regarded ; all possible dispatch used for its completion, 
and your excellency made acquainted with our progress in the execution of 
it; be assured no exertions within the compass of my power shall be want- 
ing, where the public good is concerned. 

And on this occasion I cannot forbear to testify to your excellency the 
great regret I felt that I was unable to render fit for service the muskets 
sent to this place some weeks ago ; at a time too when they were so much 
wanted ; — but the making and repairing of small arms, once prosecuted to 
so considerable an extent at my works, has been for sometime past, dis- 
continued for want of workmen, all those employed in this service having 
left me, principally because by an act of the legislation, they were rendered 
subject to militia duty, draughts, &c. from which they had always enjoyed 
exemption — altho' if that privilege could again be restored, I have no doubt 
that the works in this branch might be resumed, to the great benefit of the 
state ; — and although, with respect to myself, I never desired any emolu- 
ment from their continuance, but the contrary, yet, as I am fully persuaded 
of the utility they would be of to the public, at this time especially; in case 
the exemption I before mentioned would be granted to the artificers, and 
to the writers employed there, which last, it must be obvious, are also in- 
dispensibly necessary at such works, and if I could receive such countenence 
from your excellency as should be thought reasonable, I would attempt 
to set them on foot once more. 

Or, should it be judged more conducive to the public advantage to 
have them carried in & by for the state rather then for the account and 
under the eye of an individual, I will most readily assent to it, and require 
nothing for the use of the building which before served my people for 
this purpose, or for the use of such tools as I have that can be ser- 
viceable. 

Nor do I stand singly in this opinion of their usefulness ; — when I 
last saw Gen. Greene, he expressed his concern that a work which might 
be rendered of such general service, should be suffered to sink into dbuse ; 
and promised, should it ever be revived, to send to it such artificers as it 
should be in his power to procure. 

I have the honour to be, 
with perfect respect, 
Sir, 
your excellenc3rs obedient 
and humble servant, 

James Hunter 



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William and Mary Quarterly 93 

His Ex'y Thos. JcflFcrson, Esqr. 
[Endorsed] His Excellency 

Thomas Jefferson, Esquire 
at 

Richmond 

[Executive Papers, Oct 1781, Virginia State Library] 
Sir 

Upon the Receipt of your former Favour respecting the traveling 
Forges I immediately applied to Mr. Hunter, who engaged to have them 
finished with the utmost expedition. I for some time made frequent En- 
quiries into their Progress, & found that the Workmen were employed 
about them, but a late fit of sickness has prevented me from knowing 
whether they were finished or not I will to Day make a farther Enquiry, 
& when they are finished, will cause them to be sent over to you. 

I have the honour to be with perfect Esteem, sir, 
Your mo. obed't h'ble serVt 

Mann Page 
Mannsfield [Spotsylvania Co.] 
Ocf r 16, 1781 
[Endorsed] From Mann Page respecting the travelling forges. 

[Executive Papers April 1782, Virginia State Library] 

Fredericksburg, 23d April, 1782. 
Sir 

I duly received your Favour of 12th inst. & would very readily render 
the Public any assistance in my power in repairing the Arms, but the 
little attention they gave to the support of my works to do them effectual 
service, obliged me to discharge all the Workmen last Dec first after I had 
made some large addition & necessary Repairs at very considerable Ex- 
pence. 

I am very Respectfully 
Sir 
Yr most obed't Serv't 

James Hunter 
William Davies, Esqr 

[Commissioner of War] 



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94 William and Mary Quarterly 

APPENDIX 5 

[G)pied from Jared Sparks's "The Writings of George Washington," 

VoL 2, p. 507] 

To Colonel George Washington. 

**Fredericksburg, 25 April 1775. 
' "Sir, 

"By intelligence from Williamsburg it appears, that Captain Collins 
of his Majesty's navy, at the head of fifteen marines, carried off the powder 
from the magazine in that city on the night of Thursday last, and conveyed 
it on board his vessel by order of the Governor. The gentlemen of the 
Independent Company of this town think this first public insult is not to 
be tamely submitted to, and determine, with your approbation, to join any 
other bodies of armed men, who are willing to appear in support of the 
honor of Virginia, as well as to secure the military stores yet remaining in 
the magazine. It is proposed to march from hence on Saturday next for 
Williamsburg, properly accoutred as light-horse men. 

"Expresses are sent off to inform the commanding officers of com- 
panies in the adjacent counties of this our resolution, and we shall wait 
prepared for your instructions and their assistance. 
"We are, Sir, your humble servants, 

"Hugh Mercer, 
"G. Weedon, 
"Alexander Spotswood, 
"John Willis. 

"P. S. As we are not sufficiently supplied with powder, it may be 
proper to request of the gentlemen, who join us from Fairfax or Prince 
William, to come provided with an over proportion of that article." 



APPENDIX 6 

[From 'The Virginia Gazette," May 13, 1775] 

Fredericksburg, Committee Chamber, Saturday the 29th of April, 1775. 

At a Council of one hundred and two members, Delegates of the 
Provincial Convention, officers and special deputies of fourteen com- 
panies of light horse, consisting of upwards of six hundred well armed 
and disciplined men, friends of constitutional liberty and America, now 
rendezvoused here in consequence of an alarm occasioned by the powder 
being removed from the country magazine in the dty of Williamsburg, in 
the night of Thursday the 21st instant, and deposited on board an armed 
schooner by order of his Excellency the Governor; "The Council having 
before them the several matters of intelligence respecting this transaction, 



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William and Mary Quarterly 95 

and particularly a letter from the Hon. Peyton Randolph, Esq. ; Speaker 
of the late House of Burgesses of Virginia, received here last night by an 
express despatched to Williamsburg for the purpose of gaming intelligence, 
informing that the gentlemen of the city of Williamsburg and neighbour- 
hood have had full assurances from his Excellency that this affair shall 
be accommodated, and advising that the gentlemen assembled here should 
proceed no further at this time, this G)uncil came to the following deter- 
mination, and offer the same as their advice to those public spirited Gentle- 
men, friends to British liberty and America, who have honoured them 
by this appointment Highly condemning the conduct of the Governor on 
this occasion, as impolitic, and justly alarming to the good people of 
this Colony, tending to destroy all confidence in Government, and to 
widen the unhappy breach between Great Britain and her colonies, ill 
timed and totally unnecessary, consider this instance as a full proof 
that no opinion which may be formed of the good intentions of a Gover- 
nor in private life can afford security to our injured and oppressed country, 
but that obedience to arbitrary, ministerial mandate, and the most oppres- 
sive and t3rrannical system of Government, must be the fatal line of conduct 
to all his Majesty's present servants in America; at the same time justly 
dreading the horrors of a civil war, influenced by motives of the strongest 
affection to our fellow subjects of Great Britain, most ardently wishing 
to heal our mutual wounds, and therefore preferring peaceable measures 
whilst the least hope of reconciliation remains, do advise that the several 
companies now rendezvoused here do return to their respective homes. 
But considering the just rights and Liberty of America to be greatly en- 
dangered by the violent and hostile proceedings of an arbitrary Ministry, 
and being firmly resolved to resist such attempts at the utmost hazard of 
our lives and fortunes, do now pledge ourselves to each other to be in 
readiness, at a moment's warning, to re-assemble, and, by force of arms 
to defend the laws, the liberty, and rights of this, or any sister colony, 
from unjust and wicked invasion. Ordered that expresses be despatched 
to the troops assembled at the Bowling Green, and also to the companies 
from Frederick, Berkeley, Dunmore, and such other counties as are now 
on their march to return them thanks for their cheerful offers of service, 
and to acquaint them with the determination now taken. 

GOD SAVE THE LIBERTIES OF AMERICA 

The foregoing determination of Council having been read at the head 
of each company, was cordially and unanimously approved. 

(To be continued) 



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96 William and Mary Quarterly 



OFFICERS RECOMMENDED AND QUALIFIED FOR 

THE MILITIA OF GREENSVILLE 

COUNTY, VIRGINIA, 1782-1815 

Contributed by Mrs. W. Samuel Goodwyn, Emporia, Virginia 

Order Book I. 

April 26, 1 781, Douglas Wilkins, Colonel in room of Alexander 
Watson deceased ; William Maclin, Lieutenant Colonel ; Edmund 
Wilkins, Major; are recommended as Field Officers, and, Wil- 
liam Watson, Captain; Jesse Butts, ist Lieutenant; Joel Smith, 
2d Lieutenant; Peter Butts, Ensign; William Walker, 2d Lieu- 
tenant; John Hargrove, Ensign; Robert Mabry, ist Lieutenant; 
Lawrence House, 2d Lieutenant; Burrell Grig^, Ensign; John 
Pritchett, 2d Liutenant ; Absalom Harris, 2d Lieutenant ; Andrew 
Jeter, Ensign; James Turner, ist Lieutenant; Isaac Rowell, 2d 
Lieutenant; Jeremiah Dupree, Ensign; Thomas Cocke, Captain; 
John Lucas, ist Lieutenant; Peter Parham, 2d Lieutenant; and 
Wm. Stark, Jr., Ensign, are recommended to the Governor in 
Council as proper persons to command the Militia of this County, 
(pp. 4, 5.) 

May 23, 1782, James Robinson, as Captain, Peter Wyche, as 
Lieutenant, Daniel Cato, as 2d Lieutenant, and Braxton Robin- 
son, as Ensign, are recommended to the Governor in Council as 
proper persons to command a Company of Militia in this County, 
(p. 24.) 

July 25, 1782, Thomas Cocke, a Captain in the Militia of this 
County, took the Oaths of his Office, according to Law. (p. 34.) 

July 25, 1782, James Robinson, Captain, Daniel Cato, 2d 
Lieutenant, and Braxton Robinson, Ensign, in the Militia of 
this County, qualified to their respective Conunissions, accord- 
ing to Law. (p. 35.) 

August 22, 1782, Douglas Wilkins, Colonel; Turner Bynum, 
Henry Cook and William Mason, Captains ; Peter Pelham, Law- 
rence House & John Pritchett, Lieutenants; and Andrew Jeter 



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William and Mary Quarterly 97 

and Burrell Grigg, Ensigns in the Militia of this County sev- 
erally qualified to their respective Commissions, according to 
law. (p. 36.) 

August 22, 1782, John Lucas and Robert Mabry, Lieutenants 
in the Militia of this County, took the Oaths of their Office, 
according to Law. 

John Robinson is recommended to the Governor in Council 
as a proper person to execute the Office of ist Lieutenant in 
the Militia of this County, (p. 40.) 

September 26, 1782, John Robinson, a Lieutenant in the Militia 
of this County, took the oath of his Office, according to Law. 
(p. 42.) 

April 8, 1785, Douglas Wilkins, County Lieutenant, William 
Maclin, Lieutenant-Colonel, Robert Mabry & John Lucas, Majors, 
severally took oaths to the Commonwealth & their respective of- 
fices in the Militia of this County, (p. 204.) 

June 22, 1786, Douglas Wilkins, County Lieut., Wm. Maclin, 
Colonel, Edmund Wilkins, Lieut. Colonel & Turner Bynum, 
Major, are recommended to the Governor in Council as proper 
persons to act as Field Officers of the Militia of this County. And 
Henry Cook, ist Captain, John Pritchett, Lt. & Absalom Harris, 
Ensign, & Thomas Cocke, 2d Captain, John Lucas, Lt. & Benj. 
Simmons, Ensign ; & James Robinson, 3d Captain, John Robinson, 
Lt., & Daniel Catoe, Ensign, Jesse Butts, 4th Captain, Joel Smith, 
Lt., & Peter Butts, Ensign; James Turner, 5th Captain, Jere- 
miah Dupree, Lt., & Burrell Brown, Ensign; Lawrence House, 
6th Captain, Robert Mabry, Lt., & Burrell Grigg, Ensign, are 
recommended to the Governor in Council as proper persons to 
command the respective Companies of Militia in this County, 
according to law. (pp. 284-285.) 

Feb. 22, 1787, Robert Mabry, Lieut., Jeremiah Dupree, Lieut., 
Benj. Simmons, Ensign, Jesse Butts, Captain, James Robinson, 
Capt., Henry Cook, Capt., James Turner, Captain, Burrell Brown, 
Ensign, Joel Smith, Lt., John Pritchett, Lt., & Thomas Cocke, 
Captain, in Militia of this County severally took oaths to the 
Commonwealth and of office. And Douglas Wilkins, County-Lt., 



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98 William and Mary Quarterly 

& Wm. Maclin, Colonel, & Edmund Wilkins, Lt.-Col. of Militia 
of this County took oaths of office, (pp. 312-313.) 

March 22, 1787, John Robinson, Lt., Peter Butts, Ensign, 
John Lucas, Lt., & Absalom Harris, Ensign, in the Mil. of this 
Co. took oaths of office, (p. 314.) 

April 26, 1787, Matthew Mayes is recommended as Captain in 
room of James Turner, who has removed from the County; 
James Blanks, as Captain in room of Lawrence House, resigned ; 
Carrol Grigg, Ensign in room of Burell Grigg, resigned, are recom- 
mended to the Governor as proper persons to fill the Militia of- 
fices of this County. And Abner Hill, as Capt., Esau Goodwyn as 
Lieut., & Robert Rivers as Ensign are recommended as proper 
persons to command a Light Infantry Company of Militia in this 
Co. (pp. 324-325.) 

May 24, 1787, Abner Hill, Captain, Esau Goodwyn, Lt., in Co. 
of Light Infantry, Matthew Mayes & James Blanks, Captains, & 
Carrol Grigg, Ensign in Militia of this County severally took 
oaths of office. (O. B. I, p. 329.) 

June 28, 1787, Turner B)mum, Major in Militia of this County, 
took oath of office, (p. 332.) 

Dec. 27, 1787, Peter Butts, Lt., & Wm. Wilkinson, Ensign, 
recommended to the Governor for the Mil. of this County, (p. 
351.) 

Oct. 24, 1788, Thomas Rivers, Captain, John Fisher, Lt., & 
John Goodwyn, Comet, recommended to the Governor as proper 
persons to command a Company of Light Horse in the Mil. of this 
Co. (p. 390.) 

July 23, 1789, Thomas Rivers, Lieutenant Commandant of the 
Militia of this County took oath of office, (p. 419.) 

Order Book II. 

March 25, 1790, William Wilkinson, Ensign in the Militia 
of this County, took all of the Oaths of the Government and 
of his Office, according to law. (page 8.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 99 

March 25, 1790, Peter Butts, as Lieut, in the Militia of this 
Co. took oaths of his office, to the Commonwealth, and to sup- 
port the new Constitution, (p. 10.) 

Jan. 27, 1 791, Braxton Robinson, Captain, Holt Clanton, 
Lieut. & Henry Mangum, Ensign, in Militia of this Co. sev- 
erally took oaths of their offices & to support the new Constitu- 
tion. The same day. Person Williamson as Capt., John Catoe, 
as Lieut. & Nathan Johnson, as Ensign, are recommended to 
the Governor in Cotmcil as proper persons to execute such of- 
fices in a Company of Militia in this County, (p. 55.) 

Nov. 24, 1791, Benjamin Simmons, Capt, Edmimd Lucas, 
Lieut. & John Camp, Ensign, severally took oaths of their re- 
spective offices in the Militia of this Coimty & to support the 
Constitution, (p. 102.) 

Jan. 26, 1792, Nicholas Prince, as Lieut., & Mical Ezell, as 
Ensign in Militia of this Co. recommended to the Governor 
in Coimcil, as proper persons to execute said Offices, (p. 112.) 

Feb. 23, 1792, Person Williamson, Capt., Nathan Johnson & 
Benj. Rives, Ensigns in Militia of this Co. severally took oaths 
to the Commonwealth, of their respective offices, & to support 
the Constitution, (p. 114.) 

May 27, 1 791, Turner Bynum, as Lieut. Colonel & Thomas 
Cocke as Major are recommended to the Gov. in Council as 
proper persons to execute said offices in Mil. of this Co. (p. 
80.) 

March 28, 1793, The Court recommends William Maclin 
to his Excellency the Gov. in Council as Lieut. Col. Commandant 
of the Mil. of this Co. & Turner Bynum, Major; Henry Cook, 
Capt. ; Nicholas Prince, Lieut. ; Mical Ezell, Ensign ; James Rob- 
inson, Capt.; John Robinson, Lieut.; Wm. Powell, Ensign; 
Jesse Butts, Capt. ; Peter Butts, Lieut. ; Esau Goodwyn, Ensign ; 
Matthew Mayes, Capt.; Turner Williamson, Lieut. Benj. Rives, 
Ensign, to command the ist Battalion of Militia in this Co. & 
Thomas Cocke, Gent., Major ; James Blanks, Capt. ; Carrol Grigg, 
Lieut. ; Frederick Grigg, Ensign ; Person Williamson, Capt.; John 
Catoe, Lieut. ; Nathan Johnson, Ensign; Braxton Robinson, Capt. ; 



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100 William and Mary Quaktesly 

Holt Clanton, Lieut. ; Henry Mangum, Ensign ; Edmund Lucas, 
Capt. ; John Camp, Lieut. ; George Cain, Ensign, to command the 
2d Battalion of the Militia of this County, & Thomas Rivers, 
Capt., Joseph Wilkins, Lieut. ; & John Goodwyn, Comet to Com- 
mand a Company of Light Horse in the Militia of this County 
according to law. (p. 185.) 

March 22, 1792, Turner Bynum, Lieutenant Colonel, Turner 
Williamson & John Cato, Lieutenants, & Esau Goodwyn, Ensign, 
in the Militia of this Co. severally took the oaths of their re- 
spective offices, to support the Constitution, etc. (pp. 1 18-1 19.) 

March 23, 1792, Thomas Cocke, Major in the Miltia of this 
Co. took oath of office, (p. 121.) 

Oct. 25, 1792, Nichola3 Prince, Lieut., & Mical Ezell, Ensign, 
took oaths of office, (p. 157.) 

July 25, 1793, Wm. Maclin, Lieut. Col. Commandant; Turner 
Bynum & Thomas Cocke, Majors; Braxton Robinson, Matthew 
Mayes & James Blanks, Captains ; Peter Butts & John Robinson, 
Lieutenants; Carrol Grigg, Nicholas Prince; Wm. Powell & 
Turner Williamson, Lieutenants ; Mical Ezell & Henry Mangum, 
Ensigns, took severally their oaths of office, to the Commonwealth 
etc., as Officers of the Mil. of this Co. (p. 212.) 

Aug. 22, 1793, John Cato, Lieut, of Mil. of this Co. took oath 
of office, (p. 214.) 

Aug. 22, 1793, Henry Cook & Person Williamson, Capt., & 
Esau Goodwyn, Ensigns in Mil. of this Co. took oaths of office, 
(p. 215.) 

Aug. 23, 1793, John Camp, Lieut, took oath of office, (p. 
219.) 

Oct. 24, 1793, Nathan Johnson, Ensign, took oaths of office, 
(p. 224.) 

Dec. 26, 1793, Benj. Rives, Ensign in Mil. of this County 
took oath of office, etc. (p. 234.) 

Jan. 23, 1794, George Cain as Ensign, took oath of office, 
(p. 237.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly ioi 

April 24, 1794, Holt Clanton, Lieut, of Mil. took oath of 
office (p. 259). 

May 23, 1794, Hubbard Harris, Lieut., John Justice, Ensign, in 
Capt. Person Williamson's Co. of Mil. took oaths of their office. 
(265). 

Dec. 25, 1794, Nathaniel Mabry took oath of office as En- 
sign in Mil. of this Co. (p. 310.) 

May 28, 1795, Nicholas Prince, Capt. in room of Henry 

Cooke, resigned Miel Ezell, Lieut. & Simon Turner, Ensign, 

recommended to the Governor as Officers of the Mil. of this 
Co. (p. 352.) 

July 25, 179s, Nicholas Prince, Capt., Miel Ezell Lieut. & 
Simon Turner, Ensign, severally too oaths to the Commonwealth 
& their respective offices in the Mil. of this Co. (p. 362.) 

Sept. 24, 179s, Isham Powell is recommended as Ensign in 
Capt. James Robinson's Co. of Mil. in this Co. (p. 380.) 

Feb. 25, 1796, Daniel Putney as Capt. William Stewart as 
1st, & Michael Wall as 2d Lieut, are recommended to the Gov- 
ernor in Council for Officers of the Mil. of this Co. (p. 405.) 

Sept. 22, 1796, Turner Williamson, Capt., in room of Matthew 
Mayes, resigned, Benj. Rives, Lieut. & Benj. Clark, Ensign in 
Mil. of this Co. & John Avent, Ensign in Capt. Braxton Robin- 
son's Co., John Justice, Lieut., Thomas Graves Randle, Ensign 
in Capt. Person Williamson's Co., Isham Powell, Ensign in Capt. 
James Robinson's Co. in room of William Powell, resigned, are 
recommended to the Governor as proper persons to execute of- 
fices in the Mil. of this Co. (p. 447.) 

Feb. 24, 1797, William Stewart ist Lieut.^of a Co. of Artillery 
in the ist Regiment & ist Division of the Mil. of Virginia took 
oath of office, etc. (p. 466.) 

March 23, 1797, John Justice, Lieut. & Thomas Graves Randle, 
Ensign in the Mil. of this Co. took oaths of office, (p. 475.) 

April 27, 1797, Turner Williamson, Capt. Benj. Rives Lieut., 
Isham Powell & Benj. Clark, Ensigns, took oaths of office, (p. 
405.) 



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102 William and Mary Quarterly 

May 25, 1797, John Avcnt, Ensign in Mil. of this Co. took 
oath of office, (p. 489.) 

July 27, 1797, Wm. Stewart, Capt., Michael Wall ist & James 
Wall 2d Lieut, recommended to the Gov. to command a Co. of 
Artillery to be raised in this Co.. (p. 503.) 

Oct. 26, 1797, Esau Goodwyn, Lieut, in room of Peter Butts, 
who is removing from the state, & John Cain, Ensign, recom- 
mended to the Gov. to serve in Capt. Jesse Butts' Co. (pp. 516- 
517). 

• March 22, 1798, Esau Goodwyn, Lieut. & John Cain, Ensign, 
in Mil. of this Co. took oaths of office, (p. 527.) 

April 26, 1798, Thomas Cocke, Major in Mil. of Co. resigns, 
(p. 539.) 

April 27, 1798, Capt. James Robinson, as Major, in room of 
Major Thomas Cocke, resigned, John Robinson, Capt. & Isham 
Powell, Lieut, are recommended to the Governor for the Mil. of 
this Co. (p. 549.) 

Jime 28, 1798, James Robinson, Major, John Robinson, Capt. 
& Isham Powell, Lieut, in Mil. of this County took oaths of of- 
fice, (p. 554.) 

Sept. 27, 1798, A vent Massey recommended to the Gov. for 
Ensign in Mil. of this County, (p. 572.) 

Dec. 27, 1798, William Stewart, Capt. of Artillery Co. & 
Avent Massey, Ensign in the Mil. of this Co. take oaths of office, 
(p. 580.) 

Jan. 24, 1799, Michael Wall, ist Lieut., & James Wall, 2d 
Lieut, in Artillery Co. of Mil. of this Co. took oaths of office. 

(p. 586.) 

April 25, 1799, Capt. Jesse Butts as Major in ist Battalion 
of Mil. in room of Major Turner Bynum, who has removed from 
the state, Esau Goodwyn as Capt. in room of Capt. Butts, John 
Cain as Lieut, in room of Esau Goodwyn & Wm. Atkinson, Jr., as 
Ensign in room of John Cain are recommended to the Governor 
in Council as Officers of the Mil. Co. of Co. (p. 607.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 103 

June 27, 1799, Esau Goodwyn, Capt. in Mil. took oath office, 
(p. 621.) 

Aug. 22, 1799, Wm. Maclin, Lieut. Col. Commandant of the 
Mil. of this Co., resigned & Joseph Wilkins is recommended to 
the Gov. in Coimcil to execute the office of Lieut. Col. Com. of 
Mil. in his room. Braxton Robinson resigned office of Capt. of 
Mil. of this Co. James Robinson resigned office of Major in the 
2d Battalion of Mil. of this Co. John Cain, Lieut, of Mil. of this 
Co. Qualified to his Commission, (p. 627.) 

Oct. 24, 1799, Joseph Wilkins, Lieut. Col. Com. & Wm. Atkin- 
son, Jr., Ensign in Mil. Co. of this Co. took oaths of respective 
offices, (p. 646.) 

Oct. 24, 1799, Jesse Butts, Major & James Blanks, Capt., re- 
signed & Person Williamson is recommended as Major of the 
1st Bat. of Mil. in room of Major Jesse Butts, resigned. Ed- 
mund Lucas is recommend as Major of 2d Bat. of Mil. in room of 
Major James Robinson, resigned. John Justice is recommended 
as Capt. in room of Person Williamson who is recommended as 
Major. John Camp is recommended as Capt. in room of Edmund 
Lucas who is recommended as Major, & George Cain as Lieut, 
in room of said John Camp. Daniel Robinson is recommended as 
Lieut, in Capt. John Robinson's Co. in room of Isham Powell, 
resigned. Holt Qanton is recommended as Capt. in room of Capt. 
Braxton Robinson, resigned, & John Avent, Lieut, in room of 
said Holt Qanton. Carrol Grigg is recommended as Capt. in 
room of Capt. James Blanks, resigned, & Nathaniel Mabry Lieut, 
in room of said Carroll Grigg. (p. 647.). 

(To be continued) 



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104 William and Mary Quarterly 



THREE EARLY LANDOWNERS OF THE COUNTY OF 

ISLE OF WIGHT, VIRGINIA: JEREMIAH EXUM, 

MICHAEL MACKQUINNEY, AND WILLIAM 

POPE, WITH NOTES ON SOME OF 

THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

By Annie Noble Sims, Savannah, Georgia 

Henry* Pope {John,* Henry* William^) was bom in Edge- 
combe county, North Carolina. He lived in that part of Edge- 
combe which later became Halifax. Many deeds are of record in 
Halifax, and several' adjoining counties of North Carolina, which 
show that Henry* Pope owned large bodies of land. Some of 
these deeds relate his descent, as part of the land he inherited was 
entailed.* His will dated January 2-1764 is recorded at Halifax, 
N. C.® Henry* Pope and his wife, Tabitha, had five children, viz : 

I BurwelP Pope bom 1752 died January 9-1800, married Prisdlla 
Wootten September 8-1772; II Willis* Pope, bom 1754 died 1798; III 
John* Pope bom 1757, will November 19-1821, married Elizabeth Smith 
daughter of John and Elizabethr Smith ; IV Henry Augustine* Pope bom 
August 6-1760, died Dec 9-1807; Married ist Clara Hiil,^ dau. of Abra- 
ham Hill; and 2nd Mary Davis, May 27-1799; V Wiley* Pope born 1762, 
will May 24-1819, married Polly Hill (dau. of Abraham Hill) March 20- 
1794. 

Burwell* Pope (Henry,^ John* Henry* William,^) was bom 
in Halifax county, North Carolina, in 1752. Upon the second 
marriage of his mother (after 1764) to Thomas Wootten, he 
moved with them to that part of Orange county which by a sub- 



* Halifax, North Carolina, Deed Book, 7, pages 34, 35, 38, and 67. 
Halifax, North Carolina, Deed Book 8, page 178. 
Halifax, North Carolina, Deed Book 17, page 348. 

^ Jackson, Northampton county, North Carolina, Deed Book 3, page 38. 

Halifax, North Carolina, Will Book i, page 144. 

'Ancestors of Chancellor David C. Barrow of the University of 
Georgia, and of the late United States Senator Pope Barrow of Savannah, 
Georgia. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 105 

division became Wake county. BurwelP Pope inherited land from 
his great-grandfather, Colonel Bamaby* McKinne, Sr. This land 
was entailed, and when Burwell* Pope wished to sell it, it was 
necessary for him to trace his title and break the entail. In doing 
so Burwell Pope's ancestry is clearly shown.* 

On September 8-1772 Burwell* Pope married Prisdlla 
Wootten, daughter of Benjamin* and Elizabeth (Rousseau) 
Wootten, of Halifax County, North Carolina. The maternal 
grandparents of Priscilla (Wootten) Pope were Hilliare Rousseau 
and Elizabeth his wife, of Stafford and Westmoreland counties, 
Virginia.® Priscilla (Wootten) Pope died January 19-1806. 

BurwelP Pope was a member of the Revolutionary Assembly 
of N. C* As shown by his land grants,* he moved to Wilkes 
County, Georgia, in 1787. He was a member of the Convention 
which formulated the Constitution of the state of Georgia.' His 
vote against the "Yazoo Fraud" is famous, and recorded in many 
histories.* The estate of Burwell* Pope was in that part of Wilkes 
county which later became Oglethorpe. His will was recorded at 
Lexington, Oglethorpe county, Georgia, June 18, 1800.*^ 

Burwell* Pope and his wife Priscilla (Wootten) Pope were 
the parents of seven children,* viz : 



• Halifax, North Carolina, Deed Book 13, page 247. 

i> Halifax, North Carolina, Will Book i, page 151. 

•St Paul's Parish Register (manuscript). 

'Wheeler's History of North Carolina, second part, page 421, and 
Colonial Records of North Carolina, VoL 16, page 2. 

• Office of the Secretary of State, Atlanta, Georgia, Land Grant Book 
O. O. O., pages 86^ 87, 106^ I4i> I44- 

'Joseph Habersham Historical Collection D. A. R., Vol. i, page 303. 

• Story of Georgia and the Georgia People, by George C. Smith, 
page 17.1. 

^ Lexington, Oglethorpe county, Ga., Book A, page 91. 

'Old family Bible now owned by a grandson of General Burwell* 
Pope (Burwell,* Henry,* John,* Henry,« William^) Thomas Stanley of 
Athens, Georgia. 



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io6 William and Mary Quarterly 

I Robert^ Pope born Sept 26-1775, died unmarried Oct 7-1831; II 
Tabitha C« Pope bom Feb. 11-1778, died Apr. 25-1852, married MilesJ Hill, 
January 26-1795; III Ann« Pope bom Apr. 28-1780, died Jan. 6-1805; 
married NoaW Hill 1796; IV Martha* Pope bom April 17-1782, died 1853, 
married WylieJ Hill 1799. The ancestors of Lodowick J. Hill, now living^ 
in Atlanta, Georgia. Mr. L. J. Hill is a noted genealogist Much of the 
data in this chapter was fumished by him. V. Wylie* Pope bom Dec 
14-1784, died July 16-1819; married Sallie Davis 1807; VI Sarah* Pope 
bora Nov. 24-1787, married Robert Holmes; VII Burwell* Pope, Jr., 
bora Sept 7-1790, died May 11-1840, married Sarah Strong Dec 12-1815. 

Tabitha €.• Pope (B«rwW// Henry,"^ John,* Henry,* WU- 
liarn^) was bom February 11-1778, in Wake county, N. C. On 
January 26-1795 she married Miles Hill, son of Abram Hill and 
his wife Qiristian Walton. Miles Hill and his wife Tabitha 
(Pope) Hill were Methodists. They were noted for their piety 
and philanthropy. The will of Miles Hill was recorded in Ogle- 
thorpe county, Georgia. Will Book D, page 147. 

There are three graves now on the plantation of Miles Hill, 
in Oglethorpe county, Georgia. Probably their preservation is due 
to the fact tfiat no gate or opening of any kind was built in the wall 
which surrounds them. This wall is high and solid. Over each 
grave is an old fashioned box tombstone of heavy white marble. 
These monuments are very handsome, but much discolored by 
age. The following is the inscription on one of them. 

In memory of 
TABITHA HILL 

who was bom 

February nth 1778 

and died 

April 2Sth 1852. 

"Yea though I walk through the valley of the 
shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for thou art 
with me, thy rod and they staflf they comfort me." 



i Will of Abraham Hill, dated November 23-1790. Recorded in Wilkes 
county, Georgia, February 29-1792. 

The three brothers Miles, Noah and Wylie Hill (sdns of Abraham and 
Christian (Walton) Hill) married three sisters. These sisters were Tabitha 
Ann, and Martha Pope (daughters of Burwell Pope and Prisdlla 
(Wootten) Pope.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 107 

The following inscription is on one of the other tombs. 

In memory of 

MILES HILL 

Bom March 13th 1774 

Died November 4th 1844. 

"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from 
henceforth, yea saith the spirit that they may rest 
from their labors and their works do follow them." 

Miles and Tabitha* (Pope) Hill had five children, viz: 

I Malinda^ Hill married John Scott McGehee; II James A.^ Hill 
born 1797, died 1831, married Amelia Walton Hill, daughter of Thomas 
Hill and Sarah (McGehee) Hill; III Hampton W.^ Hill married Eudocia 
Lane, daughter of Joseph Lane and Elizabeth (Hill) Lane. Hampton W. 
Hill d. Sept 1851 ; IV Blanton Mead^ Hill bom May 5-1802, died Feb. 
3-1857, married Elizabeth Ann Hill, dau. of Abram Hill and Elizabeth 
(McGehee) Hill; V Annc^ Hill bom December 18-1804, died January 
31-1868, married Nicholas Taliaferro. 

Blanton Mead^ Hill, (son of Miles Hill and Tabitha* (Pope) 
Hill, {Burwell? Pope, Henry, ^ John,* Henry,* WUliam^) was bom 
May 5-1802 in Oglethorpe county, Georgia. For Hill genealogy 
see notes.* 

May 19-1825 Blanton Mead^ Hill married his first cousin 
Elizabeth Ann Hill {Abram,^ Abraham,* Abraham,* Henry}) 
The mother of Elizabeth Ann Hill was Elizabeth McGehee, 
daughter of Micajah McGehee* and Ann (Scott) McGehee.** 
The issue of the marriage of Blanton Mead^ Hill and Elizabeth 
Ann Hill was two sons, and five daughters. 



* Georgia Landmarks, Memorials and Legends, by L. L. Knight, Vol 
2; page 1046. North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol 
2^ page 474. Annals of Athens, by A. L. Hull 

^The will of Micajah McGehee is recorded at Lexington, Oglethorpe 
county Georgia, June 3-1811. 

« Gilmer's Georgians. Stubbs Early Settlers, page 450. 



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io8 William and Mary Quarterly 

Both sons, Alonzo Alexander Franklin* Hill and Blanton 
Abram* Hill, attended the University of Georgia, as did their 
father Blanton Mead^ Hill. Alonzo Alexander Franklin* Hill 
graduated from Jefferson Medical Collie, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1848. He was Assistant Surgeon on one of the Flag 
Ships of the United States navy from March 14-1848 to April 
6-1854.*" Alonzo Alexander Franklin* Hill was Captain Com- 
pany A, 1st R^ment, Georgia Regulars C. S. A., April 10-1861, 
and was promoted Major, September 3-1864.* 

An accotmt of Blanton Abram* Hill, youngest son of Blanton 
Mead^ Hill and his wife Elizabeth Ann (Hill) Hill, is given in 
Oates' War between the Union and the Confederacy, page 620. 
In a sketch of Company D. of the 15th Alabama Infantry, is the 
following "Blanton Abram Hill was elected First Lieutenant at 
the age of 24 years, later he was promoted Captain. Captain Hill 
was mortally wounded at Fussel's Mills, on the Darbytown Road, 
near Richmond, Virginia, August 16-1864. He died on the first 
day of September following. His company, the raiment, and the 
Confederate Army lost in him a valuable officer." Col. Oates 
commanded this r^ment. 

The names of these brothers. Major Alonzo Alexander Frank- 
lin* Hill (Frank Hill) and Captain Blanton Abram* Hill are en- 
graved on the Confederate monument at Athens, Georgia. 

The home of Blanton Mead Hill, in Athens, Georgia, was 
occupied by his descendants for three generations. This beauti- 
ful old mansion is still standing, and with its Corinthian columns 
is an excellent example of classic architecture.' 

Blanton Mead' Hill, son of Miles Hill and his wife Tabitha* 
(Pope) Hill, was bom May 5-1802, died February 3-1857. On 
May 19-1825, he married his cousin, Elizabeth Ann Hill, daugh- 



« Hammersly's General Navy Register, page 265. 

•General Soldiers Roster Commission in the state Capitol, Atlanta, 
Georgia. History of Georgia, by Col. Isaac W. Avery, page 661. 

'Georgia Landmarks, Memorials and Legends, by L. L. Knight, VoL 
I, page 424, Vol. 2, page 661. Annals of Athens by A. L. Hull. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 109 

ter of Abram Hill and Elizabeth (McGehee) Hill. Elizabeth 
Ann Hill was born January 12-1810, died Mch. 2-1894. Issue 
of the marriage of Blanton Mead' Hill and Elizabeth Ann Hill 
seven children, viz : 

I Alonzo Alexander Franklin* Hill bom Dec. 4-1826, died Jan. 
9-1872, married Gazaleiia Williams, Jmie 16-1869. Issue one child. 

II Elizabeth McGehee* Hill bom April 3-1828, died Sept. 19-1834. 

III Georgia Ann* Hill bora May 9-1830^ died Sept 17-1889, mar- 
ried Martin Luther Strong, Oct 14-1852. Issue four children. 

IV Clara Ella* Hill bora Dec 11-1831, died Dec 7-1855, married 
William R. Cunningham, Sept 11-1855. 

V Augusta* Hill bora Feb. 28-1834, died Nov. 17-1908, married 
William Giles Noble, June 23-1859. Issue four children. 

VI Blanton Abram* Hill bora Oct 5-1836, died unmarried Sept 
^1864. 

VII Susan Tabitha* Hill bora Oct 11-1848, married Robert Huger 
Johnston, April 20-1871. Issue two children. 

Augusta® Hill (Blanton Mead'' Hill, Miles Hill and his wife 
Tabitha^ (Pope) Hill, Burweir^ Pope, Henry,'' John,* Henry,^ 
William^) was bom February 28-1834 iit Oglethorpe county, 
Georgia, died November 17-1908. She was the daughter of 
Blanton Mead HilF and his wife Elizabeth Ann Hill. In 1852, 
Augusta* Hill graduated from Wesleyan Female Collie,* at 
Macon, Georgia, taking the degree of A. B. On June 23-1859 
Augusta* Hill and William Giles Noble, of Virginia, were mar- 
ried in Athens, Georgia, the ceremony being performed by Rev. 
Eustace W. Speer. William Giles Noble was the son of Josiah 
Noble and lone (Beadle) Noble. He was the grandson of Joseph 
Noble, an Ensign in the Revolution, and of Lieutenant John 
Beadle of the Revolution.* 



* Catalog of Wesleyan Female College 1915-1916, page loi. 

* Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War, by J. T. McAllister, Sec- 
tion 252, pages 177 and 179, "Officers from Amelia county, Va." 



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no William and Mary Quarterly 

William Giles Noble was greatly the senior of his wife, but 
his appearance would not have suggested his age. He was six feet 
three inches in height, and proportionately broad. He had blue 
eyes, golden hair, and a remarkably fair complexion. At the age 
of seventy, he often remarked that he had not been sick in bed a 
week since infancy. He also said that he had never entered a 
saloon. Perhaps the connection between these facts is closer 
than appears. 

William Giles Noble was bom and reared in Virginia. He 
spent thirty years in New York City, where he was a member of 
the firm Davis, Noble and Company, wholesale silk and lace mer- 
chants and importers. Although too old to take an active part in 
the War between the States, he would not remain north of Mason 
and Dixon's line during that terrible conflict. Leaving his large 
interests in the north, he came south, to cast his f ortimes with his 
native land. 

William Giles Noble was an Episcopalian, and for many years 
a vestryman of Emmanuel Church, Athens, Georgia. 

William Giles Noble, son of Josiah Noble and lone (Beadle) 
Noble was bom in Nottoway county, Virginia, August 15-1810. 
He died in Athens, Georgia, March 29-1881. 

On June 23-1859 William Giles Noble married Augusta* Hill, 
who was the daughter of Blanton Mead^ Hill and his wife Eliza- 
beth Ann (Hill) Hill. 

Issue four children, viz: 

I Blanton Hill* Noble bora in Athens, Georgia, April 13-1860^ 
died unmarried September 9-1914, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He 
graduated from the University of Georgia, in 1880^ practised law in Athens, 
Georgia, and Philadelphia, Pa. 

II Annie Frank* Noble bora in Athens, Georgia, May 8-1862, mar- 
ried William Irvin Sims, August 21-1884. Issue three children. 

III Mary Ella* Noble bora in Louisburg, North Carolina, Jan. 3- 
1865, married Arthur HoUey Allen, October 11-1893. Issue five children. 

IV Augusta Hill* Noble born in Athens, Georgia, January 31-1868, 
died October 21-1896. in Norfolk, Virginia, married Eugene Lawrence 
Mayer, June S-1889. Issue four children. 



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William and Mary Quarterly hi 

Annie Frank* Noble (daughter of William Giles Noble and 
his wife Augusta (Hill) Noble, Blanton Mead'' Hill, MUes Hill 
and his wife Tabithd" (Pope) Hill, Burwell^ Pope, Henry, ^ John,* 
Henry,* William^) was bom in Athens, Georgia, May 8-1862. 

Annie Frank* Noble and William Irvin Sims were married in 
Emmanuel Episcopal Church, Athens, Georgia, August 21-1884. 
The parents of William Irvin Sims were William Edward Sims 
(Lieutenant under General Hood, C. S. A.) and hisVife Vir- 
ginia Elizabeth Donehoe. William Irvin Sims was bom in Fulton 
county, Georgia, November 26-1852, and died in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, January 25-191 1. 

William Irvin Sims and his wife Annie* (Noble) Sims were 
the parents of three children, viz : 

I Irvin Augustus*® Sims born Athens, Georgia, January 3-1887, 
married Dorothy Hubbard, October 26-1914. Issue two children. 

II Ahcc Mayi<> Sims bom April 30-1889, died September 10-1890. 

Ill Annabel Noble*<^ Sims bom Atlanta, Georgia, January 16-1892, 
married Charles Blackburn Sims, May 28-1913. Issue one child. 

Irvin Augustus^^ Sims (son of William Irvin Sims and his 
wife Annie* [Noble] Sims), graduated in 1909 from Washington 
University, St. Louis, Missouri, taking the d^ree of B. S. in E. E. 
Irvin Augustus^** Sims is a son of the American Revolution, a 
thirty-second d^ree Mason, a Knight Templar, and a Shriner. 
Irvin Augustus^® Sims married Dorothy Hubbard in St. Louis, 
Missouri, October 26-1914. Dorothy (Hubbard) Sims (A. B. 
Wells Collie, 1912) is the daughter of Henry Fitch Hubbard and 
his wife Sarah (Rowe) Hubbard, and the granddaughter of 
Robert Morris Hubbard and his wife Sarah (Ross) Hubbard. 
She is a descendant of Jonathan Hubbard, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion.* 



* History of Charleston, New Hampshire, by Rev. Henry H. Saunder- 
8on. A Thousand Years of Hubbards, by Harlan Page Hubbard, pages 
224 225 and 354. 



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112 WnxiAM AND Mary Quarterly 

Irvin Augustus** Sims and his wife Dorothy (Hubbard) 
Sims have issue : 

I Henry Fitch Hubbard^^ Sims, born in Decatur, Illinois, Thanks- 
giving Day, November 25, 191 5. 

II Dorothy^^ Sims, bom in Savannah, Georgia, January 6-1917. 

Amiabel Noble** Sims (daughter of William Irvin Sims and 
his wife Annie* (Noble) Sims) graduated from Mary Institute, 
St. Louis, Missouri, in 1910. Annabel Noble** Sims married 
Charles Blackburn Sims, in St. Louis, Missouri, May 28, 191 3. 
Charles Blackburn Sims graduated from the University of 
Illinois, and received the d^^ee of L. L. B. from the Chicago Law 
School. The parents of Charles Blackburn Sims were William 
Blackburn Sims, M. D., and his wife Sarah Jane (Medley) Sims. 
His grandfather, William Gray Sims, fought in the war of 1812, 
his great-grandfather, James Sims was a Revolutionary soldier.* 

Another ancestor of Charles Blackburn Sims was Lieut. Wil- 
liam Blackburn, of Revolutionary fame. Lieut. William Black- 
bum was one of the heroes of King's Mountain, and was killed 
in that battle.* 

Charles Blackburn Sims and his wife Annabel Noble Sims 
are the parents of one child : 

I Kathleen Blackbum^^ Sims, bom in St Louis, Missouri, October 
30-1914. 



* Inscription on the monument of William Gray Sims at Sandford, 
m. Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C. Department of the Interior, 
M. B. H. Revolutionary War, S. F. 4840. 

i 

»> Abingdon, Washington county, Virginia, Minute Book i, page 97. 
Abingdon, Washington county, Virginia, Will Book No. 2. page 105. 
King's Mountain and Its Heroes, by Lyman C. Draper, page 304. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 113 

THE HUNNICUTTS OF PRINCE GEORGE 

(Continued from Volume XXVIL, page 44) 

By James Branch Cabell 

Wyke* Hunnicutt {Robert* John^), born circa 1701, died 
in 1768. He signed as witness to the marriage of his sister Huldah, 
7 February 1722-3. Wyke Hunnicutt was granted, on 3 January 
1728-9, a certificate of clearness in regard to his proposed mar- 
riage with a member of "the meeting at Pequamons in North Caro- 
lina." The following month he married Sarah, daughter of the 
gifted Quaker preacher, Joseph Glaister of Pasquotank, North 
Carolina, (for some account of whom compare Quarterly, Vol. 
XXV., page 248, et seq,) 

In 1731, as previously recorded, Robert* Hunnicutt deeded to his son 
Wyke* Hunnicutt some 350 acres between Warwick Swamp and Black- 
water, in the present Sussex, then comprised in Surry. In the Gravelly 
Run register Wyke Hunnicutt is listed as "of Surry County" until 1746; 
but he had purchased lands in Prince George, and during the latter part of 
his life made his home in that county. 

Wyke Hunnicutt was among the signers of a "Petition of the People 
Called Quakers," presented to the Virginia House of Burgesses 15 No- 
vember 1738 : for the text of which compare the Virginia Gazette for 10-17 
November 1738. 

At a Court held for Prince George County, July 1738 "A Deed for 

Land from William Heath of the County of Surry and Elizabeth his Wife, 
to Wyke Hunnicutt, was proved in Court by the Oaths of Thomas Eldridge, 
Gent, James Gee and Henry Gee, Witnesses thereto, to be the Act and 
Deed of the said William Heath to the said Wyke Hunnicutt; and then 
also the said Elizabeth Heath came into Court, and being privately Ex- 
amined and found Voluntary, Acknowledged the said Deed to the said 
Hunnicutt; on whose motion it is Ordered the said Deed (being Indented 
& Sealed) be recorded." William Heath, on 5 March 1663-4, patented 250 
acres "on the swamp which parts Surry and Charles City counties," &c; 
and on 3 October 1669, a tract of 378 acres, in Surry and Charles City 
counties, "Beginning at a marked beech on the south side the head of 
Upper Chipoakes Creek," &c Evidently it was a portion of this land 
which was purchased by Wyke* Hunnicutt 



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114 William and Mary Quakterly 

At the Yearly Meetings of the Virginia Quakers Wyke» Hiinnicutt 
from 1737 onward was delegate for the Henrico Quarterly Meeting. At 
the Yearly meeting, held in Nansemond 18 September 1747, Wyke Hunni- 
cutt was named on the committee to draw up the usual Epistles, &c At 
the Yearly Meeting at Curies, 21 September 1750^ he was named among 
those to draw up the Epistle to London: and at the Yearly Meeting in 
Isle of Wight, 9 August 1753, to draw up an Epistle to Maryland. Wyke 
Hunnicutt signed the petition drawn up 25 June 1757, at the Yearly Meet- 
ing, ''in behalf of Friends, to the Governor, G>undl and Burgesses, re- 
questing relief from Military service, on account of the religious views 
of their society on the subject of war," &c, Sec 

The Bladcwater and Burleigh records, dating from 1752, show many 
mentions of Wyke* Hunnicutt The testimony against Martha, daugh- 
ter of John Simmons of Prince George County, 20 March 1762, is signed 
by Wyke Hunnicutt and Robert Hunnicutt Testimony against Sarah, 
daughter of Nathan Briggs of Sussex, 15 January 1763, by Sarah Hunni- 
cutt, Sarah Hunnicutt, Jr., Wyke Hunnicutt, and Glaister Hunnicutt 
Testimony against Agnes, daughter of James Kitchen of Southampton, 
16 April 1763, by Wyke Hunnicutt and Robert Hunnicutt Wyke Hun- 
nicutt, Glaister Hunnicutt and Robert Hunnicutt were appointed, on 18 
January 1766, to investigate the complaint of James Storrs, &c, &c. 

Wyke' Hunnicutt was "recently deceased" 19 March 1768, when his 
son Glaister Hunnicutt was named to succeed Wyke Hunnicutt as overseer 
of the Burleigh Meeting. The testimony of Sarah Hunnicutt and her chil- 
dren concerning her husband Wyke Hunnicutt, was read 18 March 1769, 
and referred to the Quarterly Meeting set for 15 April 1769. 

Wyke' Hunnicutt, as previously recorded, married in February 
1728-9, Sarah, daughter of Joseph Glaister (by his second wife, 
Mary, daughter of Henry Palin, of Pasquotank, North Carolina). 
Sarah Hunnicutt survived her husband, and died in 1770. She 
was "recently deceased" 19 Janxiary 1771, when Huldah Peebles 
was named to succeed her as overseer of the Burleigh Meeting. 

Wyke* Himnicutt and Sarah Glaister had issue : 

I. Sarah* Hunnicutt, bom 30 May 1730, who in January 1753 
married Samuel Bailey. 

II. Glaister* Hunnicutt, born 27 April 1732, of whom hereafter. 

III. Mary* Hunnicutt, bom 3 November 1735, died September 1739, 

IV. Robert* Hunnicutt, bom 11 June 1737, died in September 1739. 
V. Ruth* Hunnicutt, bom 11 August 1740, who in November 1761 

married Anselm Bailey. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 115 

VI. Robert* Hunnicutt, born 19 February 1742-3. Bristol Parish 
accounts for 1769 name among the "17 Tithes, Listed, that arc Inhabitants 
of Brandom Parish, Viz. Sarah Hunnicut 9, Robert Hunnicut 3, Edward 
Walker 4, William Lee i ♦ ♦ ♦ 425." In July 1769 Robert Hunnicutt 
married Priscilla Hunnicutt, the widow of his cousin Robert Wyke* Hunni- 
cutt and daughter of Binford. Robert* Hunnicutt seems to have had 

no i^sue. 

Vil. Wyke* Hunnicutt, bom 11 February 1745-6, living in i8oo^ 
who in June 1769 married Anne, daughter of Anselm Bailey and had issue : 

(i) Lemuel' Hunnicutt, bom 12 May 1770^ died 12 December 
1775. 

(2) Mary* Hunnicutt, bom 7 December 1772. 

(3) Wyke» Hunnicutt, bora x8 September 1775, 

(4) Anne* Hunnicutt, bom 26 November, 1777. 

(5) Lemuel* Hunnicutt, bora 14 December 1779, who was living 

in Prince George in 1812, according to a survey. 

(6) Anschn* Hunnicutt, bora 3 January 1787, died 2 May 1788. 

(7) John* Pearson Hunnicutt, bora 16 May 1791. 

Glaister* Hunnicutt, bom 27 April 1732, died 13 April 
1 781, in or about 1756 married Jane, daughter of Thomas Pleas- 
ants of Henrico : compare Note 3. 

Glaister Hunnicutt, on 17 June 1764, patented 429 acres in Prince 
George County. The patent recites that this tract was formerly granted 
to John Eaton, by a patent dated 23 December 1714; and that "whereas 
Abraham Green, Adam Sheffield and Wyke Hunnicutt, in whom the Right 
and Title of which said land is since become vested," have failed to pay 
the quit-rents, the tract is now granted to Glaister Hunnicutt, upon his 
petition. The bounds are given as "Beginning at a White Oak on the 
Southern Run, in the line of Captain George Blayton, Deceased; thence 
along Blayton's line and into the Woods West twenty-one and a half de- 
grees South two hundred and forty-one poles, to a Shrub Oak; thence 
South one hundred and twenty-eight Poles, to two Oaks and a Pine, near 
the head of a Branch; East twenty-three Degrees South two hundred & 
ninety Poles, to a red oak, on the East side of a Branch ; North forty-one 
Degrees East one hundred twenty-six and a half Poles, to a Red Oak; 
North thirty-two Degrees West Sixty Poles; West twenty-five Degrees 
South eight poles, to a Pine, Ralph Hill's Comer ; West thirty-seven Degrees 
North sixty-eight Poles, to the head of the Southern Run, or Meadow; 
thence down the same as it Meanders, to the Beginning." 



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ii6 William and Mary Quarterly 

It is apparent, as hereinafter shown, that Glaister^ Hunnicutt inherited 
from his father, Wyke« Hunnicutt, the 350 acres deeded to the latter by 
Robert Hunnicutt in 1731. At the time of his death Glabter^ Hunnicutt 
appears to have owned only one plantation, of some 800 acres, between 
Warwick Swamp and Blackwater, piartly in Sussex and partly in Prince 
George. His house, as shown by his will, stood toward the southern part 
of this tract, so that he was legally a resident of Sussex. 

Records of the Blackwater and Burleigh Meeting name Glaister* 
Hunnicutt frequently. Thus, in addition to mentions previously cited, 
Glaister Hunnicutt and others were appointed, 21 February 1767, "to col- 
lect Friends' sentiments respecting the buying, selling or keeping Negro 
slaves, agreeable to the Epistle from last Yearly Meeting." On 16 May 
1767, the Quakers having been excused from military service by an Act 
of the last Assembly, a committee was named to secure the approval of 
members of the Meeting: for Sussex, Glaister Hunnicutt was appointed; 
and for Prince George, "Robert Hunnicutt, Robert Hunnicutt, Jr., John 
Hunnicutt, William (son of Peter) Hunnicutt, William (son of Robert) 
Hunnicutt, Robert (son of Wyke) Hunnicutt, Wyke Hunnicutt, Jr., 
Thomas Hunnicutt, and Jesse Hunnicutt." At the Yearly Meeting, held 
at Curies, 17 August 1767, Glaister Hunnicutt was appointed "to correspond 
with the Friends of Fairfax and Hopewell Monthly Meeting to petition 
the next General Assembly for relief from military fines." As previously 
recorded, Wyke* Hunnicutt being "recently deceased" 19 March 1768, 
Glaister* Hunnicutt was named in his father's place as overseer of Bur- 
leigh Meeting, and "to keep a Record of the Births and Deaths of Friends, 
and that he provide a Book." On 21 January 1769 Glaister Hunnicutt was 
named to examine guardians' accounts among the Friends before these 
were handed to the courts. In 1772 he was appointed to take charge of the 
books recently received from Philadelphia, — "Vizt, 5 of Richard Davis' 
Journals & 8 Treatises on Discipline." To the books in his keeping was 
added, 19 December 1772, "Anthony Benezet's Treatise on Slavery," 
&C, &c. 

Glaister* Hunnicutt, as has been said, died 13 April 1781 : his 
will, signed on the day of his death, was recorded in Sussex 10 
October 1781. 

"I, Glaister Hunnicutt of the County of Sussex and Colony of 
Virginia, do make and publish this my last will and testament, in manner 
and form as follows, to-wit: 

"My will and desire is that the following Negroes should be Manu- 
mitted on or before the first day of the first month next 1782, Viz: — 
Tom, Joe, Charles, Ben, Jenny, and her child Charlott I give the above- 
named negroes to the Monthly Meeting of which I am a member, to be 



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William and Mary Quarterly 117 

manumitted by such members of the said Meeting as the Meeting shall 
direct. 

"Item, My Will and desire is that my land and plantation may be 
equally divided, beginning at Thompson's line, and run a straight line 
between my Blacksmith Shop and stable, leaving to the South side my 
new house, kitchen, Smoke-house and Bam. Then I give the South side 
to my son Pleasants Hunnicutt, to him and his heirs forever. And the 
North side I give to my son Glaister Hunnicutt, to him and his heirs 
forever. 

"Item, I give to my son Pleasants Htmnicutt one bay colt called 
Sprightly. 

"Item, my will and desire is that all the rest of my estate which is 
not above mentioned (except the negroes which came by my wife, which 
I leave at her disposal) may be equally divided between my wife and 
Children, after my just debts are paid. 

"I do appoint my loving wife Executrix, and my son Pleasants 
Hunnicutt and my brother Wyke Hunnicutt Executors, to this my last 
will and testament, made this thirteenth day of the 4th Mo., in the year 
of the Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty One. 

GLAISTER HUNNICUTT {Seal) 

"Signed, Sealed and Acknowledged in presence of: (Signed) Mary 
Peebles, Alexander Harrison, Shadrach Harrison. 

**At Court held for Sussex County the loth day of October 1781^ 
The last will and testament of Glaister Hunnicutt, deceased, was ex- 
hibited in court by Jane Hunnicutt and Wyke Hunnicutt, two of the 
executors therein named; proved by the oaths of Mary Peebles, Alex- 
ander Harrison and Shadrach Harrison, the witnesses thereto ; and ordered 
to be recorded: and on the motion of the said executors, who made af- 
firmation thereto (they being Quakers) according to law, and with John 
Massenburg, Peter Williams and William Harrison, their securities, en- 
tered into and acknowledged their Bond in the Penalty of Five Millions of 
Pounds, conditioned as the law directs, Certificate is granted them for 
obtaining a probate thereof in due form. Teste John Cocke, C, C." 

Glaister* Hunnicutt, as previously recorded, married Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Pleasants of Henrico (and Mary, daughter 
of Robert Jordan of Nansemond : compare Note 4.) Jane Hunni- 
cut^'stll vived ffer husband, and was living in 1797, according to 
the will of her mother. Glaister* Hunnicutt and Jane Pleasants 
had issue : 



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ii8 William and Mary Quarterly 

I. Thomas Plsasants" Hunnicutt, born 24 August 1757, died 
10 March 1758. 

II. Mary* Hunnicutt, bom 5 January 176a 

ni. Sasah* Hunnicutt, bom 14 July 1761. 

IV. Pleasants* Hunnicutt, bom 24 July 1763. He and his brother 
Glaister have a deed recorded in Sussex, in 1793, as hereinafter given. To 
him. as has been seen, his father willed the southern, or Sussex, side of 
the plantation. The will of Pleasants Hunnicutt, dated 13 January 1819, 
was recorded in Sussex 4 February 1819: names the testator's wife, Ann 
£. Hunnicutt ; the testator's son, Thomas Pleasants* Hunnicutt, then under 
age; the testator's son, John William* Hunnicutt, to whom is bequeathed 
land on Warwick Swamp, "being three hundred and forty-two acres in 
Sussex and Prince George counties, purchased of my brother Glaister 
Hunnicutt's estate" ; the testator's son Albert Littleton* Hunnicutt ; and the 
testator's daughter Mary Ann* Hunnicutt The executors named are the 
testator's friends James Pennington and Howell Myrick, who were evi- 
dently not Quakers, as they took the customary oaths. It thus seems 
probable that Pleasants* Hunnicutt had left the Quakers. 

V. Glaister* Hunnicutt, bora n March 1766^ of whom here- 
after. 

VI. Jane* Hunnicutt, bora 31 December 1769. 

The ambiguous wording of the will of Glaister* Hunnicutt, it will be 
noted, renders it uncertain whether or no any of his daughters were 
living in 1781. No record has been discovered as to their marriages. 

Glaister* Hunnicutt, born 11 March 1766, was living in 
January 181 5, and died before January 1819. To him, as has been 
seen, his father willed the northern half of the plantation, which 
lay partly in Sussex and partly in Prince George. Tradition has 
it that his home was in Prince George, but as late as 1793 he de- 
scribes himself as "of Sussex." It is, at all events, evident that 
he died in Prince George, as the Sussex records contain no men- 
tion of any settlement of his estate. 

In Sussex is recorded a deed by Glaister Hunnicutt and Pleasants 
Hunnicutt "of the County of Sussex," to Peyton Mason of Sussex, dated 
7 January 1793, acknowledged 6 June 1793: in consideration of £40^ 
conveys 66 acres on the north side of Warwick Swamp in Sussex, the 
tract having as one of its bounds the line dividing Sussex from Prince 
George, and bordering lands owned severally by the three parties to the 
deed. This deed was acknowledged in the Sussex court by Pleasants 



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William and Mary Quarterly 119 

Hunnicutt, and proved as to Glaister Hunnicutt's signature by John 
Peebles, one of the witnesses. This plainly is a sale by Glaister" Hunnicutt 
of part of his half of his father's plantation. 

It will be noted that this land was evidently a portion of the tract 
deeded, 21 July 1731, by Robert* Hunnicutt to Wyke» Hunnicutt (which 
comprised the land patented by Robert* Hunnicutt on 23 March 1715-6) : 
so that Wyke< Hunnicutt must have deeded or bequeathed this land to his 
son, Glaister^ Hunnicutt, who, as has been seen, willed it to his two sons. 

In Sussex is likewise recorded a deed, dated 2 January 1813, by 
Glaister Hunnicutt, to James Myrick: it recites that, whereas Glaister 
Hunnicutt is indebted to Pleasants Hunnicutt to the amount of £572, 
IDS, 6d, he conveys to James Myrick 334 acres in Sussex and Prince 
George counties (bounded by lands belonging to Thomas G. Peebles, 
Ludwell Williams, Peyton Mason, and Nicholas Hatch) and three ne- 
groes : the land and negroes to be sold on the demand of Pleasants Hun- 
nicutt, and the debt due him to be discharged with monies accruing from 
such sales. This was acknowledged in court 2 September 1813 by 
Ishmael Harrison, a witness to Glaister Hunnicutfs signature: and was 
again acknowledged by Ishmael Harrison 5 January 181 5, without any 
record suggestive of Glaister Hunnicutf s being dead at this date. Plainly 
this is the land referred to in Pleasants' Hunnicutt's will, though the 
discrepancy in the figures is a little odd: and in connection with the 
preceding deed, suggests that Glaister' Hunnicutt had inherited from his 
father, in all, 400 acres. 

Thb is the latest mention thus far discovered of Glaister' Hunni- 
cutt As has been shown, by the terms of the will of Pleasants' Hunni- 
cutt, Glaister' Hunnicutt was dead by 1818. 

Glaister* Hunnicutt, circa 1787, married "His cousin, Rebecca 
Hunnicutt" — evidently the daughter of Robert Wyke* Hunni- 
cutt and Priscilla Binford. They "left the Quakers, and were 
staunch Methodists." They had issue: 

I. Sasah Glaister' Hunnicutt, who in 1804 married Edward Major 
of "Burlington," in Charles City County, and had issue : 

(i) Martha Ann Catherine' Major, bom 18 October 1805, who 
died unmarried in 1867. 

(2) Edward Glaister' Major, bom 13 December 1807, died in 
1849, who married Eliza Ann Eppes, and had issue. 

(3) Rebecca Priscilla' Major, bom 20 September 1814, died in 
1881, who married George Christian Waddill, and had issue. 



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I20 William and Mary Quarterly 

IL "Another daughter,' who married Burt, and left de- 
scendants on the south side of the river.** 

The other children of Glaister Hunnicutt and Rebecca Hunnicutt 
are said "to have died young," and their names have not been preserved. 

NOTE 3 

Thomas Pleasants, of Henrico, son of John and Dorothy Pleasants, 
was bom the 3d day of the 9th month 1695 : and being the eldest son and a 
youth of good natural parts, his father procured him a good share of 
learning: but notwithstanding, he was young at the time of his father's 
decease; and was in that manner deprived of the additional advantage — 
of admonition and restraint by so worthy a parent, — which was so neces- 
sary to the forming of the mind of youth. Yet he had an eye to the recom- 
pense of an eternal reward, and was called to the work of the ministry, 
about the 29th year of his age; in which he Laboured, both amongst 
Friends and other people where no meetings had been before, much to die 
satisfaction of all. He travelled formerly on the Western shore of Mary- 
land, and at the yearly meeting at Choptank, in G>mpany with his brother 
(-in-law) Robt Jordan : and though his services seemed much confined to 
his county, where indeed there was much need of faithful labourers, jret 
he was not discouraged by the smallness of the membership from en- 
deavoring to discharge his duty, as well amongst Friends belonging to the 
adjacent meetings as those at a distance; and was instrumental in the 
conmiencement of several Meetings in the upper part of the colony, as 
well as the settlement of Two or three Meetings. He wrote an Epistle a 
few years before his death (directed to Friends in every station, but more 
particularly to the Ministers), which tends to confirm that his Diligence 
and Labour proceeded from an Earnest Concern for the promotion of 
truth and a zealous Gospel Ministry. Indeed, he was a man much devoted 
to the service of truth, and was a considerable sufferer for bearing his 
testimony against Priests' wages, and was once imprisoned on that account 
He married Mary, the daughter of Robt Jordan, of Nansemond G>unty, 
and left a pretty numerous offspring, some of them young. For whose 
eternal welfare we have great reason to believe that he was particularly 
solicitous; inasmuch as having fallen very ill while on a visit to Friends 
at some distance from home, he seemed most ardently of all things to 
desire that he might finish his course among his Dear Children, in order 
that he might have an opportunity at that awful period to enforce his 
experienced advices and promote the cause of God, to which he was so 
much devoted to the last Accordingly, he was carried home in a dying 
condition, and departed this life at his own house the 24th of the nth 
Month 1744; and was buried in the Family Burying Ground at Curies, the 
26th of the same, attended by a numerous Company of Friends and neigh- 
bors." — Smith Manuscript, Ridgway Library, Philadelphia, 



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William and Mary Quarterly 121 

He was grandson to John^ Pleasants, baptised at St Savior's, Norwich, 
England, 27 February 1644-5; who came to Virginia drca 1668, settled at 
Curies in Henrico, became a Quaker, amassed considerable wealth, was 
elected to represent Henrico in the Virginia House of Burgesses for the 
session of 2 March 1692-3, (but declined to take the oath), and died 12 
May 1698. John^ Pleasants has numerous deeds in Henrico: his will was 
proved i June 1698. He married, drca 1670^ Jane Larcome (then the 
widow of Captain Samuel Tucker), who survived him: her will, dated 
2 January 1708-9, was recorded in Henrico in June 1709. 

John' Pleasants, son of the preceding, bom drca 1671, likewise lived 
in Henrico, where hb will, dated 5 March 1713-4, was recorded 7 June 1714. 
He married Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Gary (who survived him, and 
in February 1719-20 married Robert Jordan), and had, with other issue, 
Thomas Pleasants* of Henrico, as above. 

The wife of John' Pleasants was granddaughter of Miles^ Gary of 
Magpie Swamp, in Warwick C>>unty, baptized at All Saints, Bristol, Eng- 
land, 30 January 1622-3, died 10 June 1667; who came to Virginia drca 
1640^ was justice for Warwick 1652, major 1654, lieutenant-colonel 1657, 
colonel and county-lieutenant 1659-67, burgess for Warwick for session 
of 13 March 1659-60^ Escheator (jeneral of Virginia 1665, O)llector of the 
Lower James River and member of the C>>undl 1663-7; was wounded 5 
June 1667 by the Dutch in thdr attack on Old Point Comfort, which he 
commanded as C>>lonel-Lieutenant of Warwick and Elizabeth City, and 
died five days later. He married drca 1645 Anne, daughter of Captain 
Thomas Taylor (a burgess for Warwick at die session of 5 October 1646), 
and had, with other issue: Thomas' Cary of Magpie Swamp, eldest son, 
bom 1646, died ante 1682, a major under Nathaniel Bacon in 1676, who 
married Anne, daughter of Frauds Milner of Nansemond, and had, with 
other issue : Dorothy* C^ry, who, as above, married, first, John* Pleasants, 
and, second, Robert Jordan. 

NOTE 4 

Mary Jordan, the wife of Thomas Pleasants of Henrico, was bom 
24 December 1699, 8^<1 survived her husband by more than fifty years. 
Her will undated, was proved in (loochland 17 July I797» «o that at the 
time of her death she must have been upward of ninety-seven. 

She was a descendant of Thomas^ Jordan, bom in England in 1600^ 
who is said to have been a son of the Samuel Jordan, who in 1619 
patented land, and founded a plantation called Jordan's Jomey, in the 
present Prince (^rge; was burgess for Charles City at the session of r 

30 July 1619; fortified his house, Be ggar*^ Bush, during the Indian mas- Vs^ V 
sacre of March 1622 "and lived in oespight of the enemy," but died in \ ^ 



pV 



^ 



r 



March 1623. Samuel Jordan w laid ta hmmn had by his first wife: Thomas 



Y 



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122 William and Mary Quarterly 

Samuel and Robert, born in England, each of whom came to Virginia. 

He married, second, Cicely , who survived him, and married, second, 

Captain William Farrar. 

Thomas^ Jordan, bom in 1600 in England, is named in the census of 
1623 as a soldier under Sir George Yeardley. He settled in the present 
Isle of Wight, and was burgess for Warrasquoacke at the sessions of 16 
October 1629, of 21 February 1631-2, and of 4 September 1632. On 2 July 
l635» he patented 900 acres in the County of Warrasquioake, "neare the 
head of Warrasquioake river, beginning on the Westerly side of an old 
Indian Towne, at an oake mark'd w'th three notches, being upon the 
North west side of the river runing West North west into the woods a 
mile; and soe runing downe the river, to a Crosse Creek, a small oake 
being there, marked with twoe notches." 

'Qiymas' Tordaiij^ son of the preceding, bom 1634, die<l ^ October 1699, 
lived at Chuckatuck in Nansemond. He became a Quaker in 1660^ and 
^rom 1664 onward was several times imprisoned and fined. In 1659 he 
married Margaret, daughter of Robert Brasseur (who was a French 
""^Huguenot, settled in Nansemond, where he patented 1,200 acres, la April 
** 1653, and was also a Quaker.) Margaret Brasseur w as bora July 1642, 

«V*,i and died 7 October 1708. " ^ J ^ /P^,*^--/ ^ 

Robert* Jordan, son of the preceding, bom 11 July 1668, died in 1728, 
likewise lived in Nansemond, where he was a prominent Quaker minister. 
He married, first, on 9 December 1687, Christian Outland. (who died 26 
June 1689), and married, second, on 7 July 1690, Mary, daughter of Ed- 
mund Belson of Nansemond (who patented 100 acres in that county, 26 
April 1670^ and, with Robert Montgomery, 850 adjoining acres, 30 April 
1679), hy whom he had, with other issue: Mary^ Jordan, bom 24 Decem- 
ber 1699, died in 1797, who, as previously recorded, married Thomas 
Pleasants of Henrico. 




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William and Mary Quarterly 123 

HIGGINBOTHAM FAMILY OF VIRGINIA 
By William Montgomery Sweeny, Astoria, Long Island, N. Y. 

(Concluded) 

Captain John Higginbotham, son of John and Frances (Riley) 
Higginbotham, died in Amherst County, in 1814. He married 
in 1767, Rachel Banks,** daughter of Gerrard and Anne (Staun- 
ton) Banks, of Amherst County. His will was entered for pro- 
bate September 19, 1814. (Will Book 5, p. 451.) : 

To wife Rachel, the whole of his estate and after her death to hit 
son John. To son John $1,000, **it being an extra sum for monies paid 
and for services rendered by him", provided so much remains after allow- 
ing a comfortable support to my wife Rachel, and my daughter Frances 
R. Higginbotham, ''so long as she remains single or continues with her 
mother, as I am sensibly impressed with a due sense of the great atten- 
tion, care and filial duty which my daughter Frances R. Higginbotham 
has bestowed upon me and her mother during our old age and infirmities, 
I give to her the following slaves: Minerva and Charlotte girls and sis- 
ters." Confirms gift to daughter Nancy Higginbotham of a negro woman 
Betty and her increase. Confirms gift or gifts to son James declaring 
same "his full proportion of my estate." Confirms gifts to daughter, 
Tirzah London, for life, and at her death to her children. After death 
of wife, whole estate real and personal, excepting that which has been 
disposed of shall be sold publicly by the executors, in the following 
manner: All personal estate to be sold on 12 month's credit; all real 
estate to be sold on i and 3 jrear's credit, purchasers giving bond, money 
arising from such sales to be equally divided into eight parts, giving 
to son Thomas, %; to son, David, ^; to son, John %; to son, Jesse, 
yi\ to son, Daniel, }i\ to son, Reuben, ^; to daughter, Frances R. 
Higginbotham, ^ ; remaining ^ left to sons Thomas and David, in trust 
for ''my son Eugene.'' Executors, sons John and Thomas Higgin- 
botham. Dated, June 22, 1813. Witnesses: Wm. S. Crawford, James 
Higginbotham, James H. Dillard, Young Hawkins. Executor's bond, 
$10^000; administrator's do. $10^000. Appraisement, $p,453. 



»* M. L. B., July % 1767. 



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124 William and Mary Quasterly 

The children of John and Rachel (Banks) Higginbotham: 

I Thomas, born June lo^ 1769; died, 1835. 

2. James, born September 22, 1770: (married and had children; 
was dead in 1835.) 

3. John, bom April 12, 1772, married December 7, 1815, Margaret 
Washington Cabell,** daughter of Colonel Samuel Jordan and Sarah 
(Syme) Cabell, of "Soldier's Joy," Nelson County. He (John Higgin- 
botham) died February 23, 1&&2. Children: 

1. William Thomas, bom August 19, 1818 : married August 22, 
1839, Mary Frances Riley C>>leman. He died November 25, 1892. 
Children: 

I. John Carleton,»« bom November 11, 1842 : Brigadier- (Gen- 
eral, C. S. A., War between the States, and was killed May 10^ 1864. 
II. Frances, bora, 1846; died, 1847. III. C>>leman Cabell, bora 
December 6, 1848: married, September 15, 1875, Mary Ida Day. 
She died May 29, 1916. Children: a. Mary Frances, b. Jessie 
Woods, married Hugh MacVeigh Matthews, c Lula C>>leman. 
d. Lotta Lee, married J. Howard Richards, e. Virginia Day. IV. 
Margaret £., born, 1850; died, 1858. V. Ella, bora, 1853; died, 
1858. 

2. Laura, born, 1819 : died, 1821. 

4. Anne Staunton, bora December 22, 1773 : married, 1792, John, 
son of Samuel Higginbotham.*^ 

5. David, bora October 17, 1775: married Mary Elmslie (5ar- 
rigues, of Philadelphia, Pa. He died, 1853. Children: 

I. Elzabeth, bora February 26, 1812 : married (^eorge Daniel 
Fisher, of Richmond. II. Anne Estelle, bora September 10, 
1813: married Francis Hoskins, of Philadelphia, Pa. III. Jane 
Randolph, bora May 3, 1815: married (ist) Boiling Macmurdo; 



••"The CabelU & Their Kin," page 318. 

••"A student at Lynchburg (College when the war began; entered 
the C. S. A. as captain in 1861 ; promoted major and lieutenant-colonel in 
1862; colonel, 1863; brigadier-general. May, 1864, being one of the 
youngest officers of these grades in the service ; was wounded seven times, 
and at last killed at Spottsylvania Court House, May lo^ 1864, while com- 
manding the 25th Virginia Regiment, Jones' Brigade, before his com- 
mission as brigadier-general reached him; unmarried." Idem, page 3I7> 

•^M. L. B., December 17, 1792. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 125 

(2nd) Dr. R. W. Haxall, both of Richmond. IV. Frances, born 
November 19, 1818: married Bernard Hoe Buckner, of Louis- 
iana (?) V. Elmslie La (jarrigues (or Garrigues,) bom August 
22, 1820: married Jane Addison Bayley, daughter of Colonel 
Thomas H. Bayley, of Accomac County. Children: a. Jane 
Bayley, married James Cabell Brockenbrough, of Richmond, 
b. David, married Fannie Wrenn, of Henrico Coxmty. c. Rosa 
Bayley, married Coleman Edwards Pierrepont Burgwyn, of North 
Carolina, d. Mary. e. Samuel Thomas Bayley. f. Anne May 
married Henry Gibson, of Richmond, g. Fannie, married John 
Somerville Knox, of Richmond, h. Elizabeth Fisher, i. Bertha, 
j. Elmslie Garrigues, married Lavinia Wallace, k. Thomas 
Bayley. 1. William Bayley. VI. Edward La (jarrigues, bom 
July 21, 1824 : married Julia Thompson, of Wilmington, Delaware. 
VII. Mary Ross, bora July 31, 1827 : married Joseph Gillett, of 
Baltimore, Md. 
6 Mary, bom November i, 1777. 

7. Jesse, bom December, 23, 1779. 

8. Daniel, bom March 27, 1781. 

9. Tirzah, bom February 27, 1783 : married, December 31, 1809, 
John London. She died August i, 1841. Children: 

I. Frances Ann, born November i, 1810: died November 3, 
1810. II. Frances Jane, bom September 23, 181 1 : married Win- 
ston Woodruff. III. John James, bora February 11, 1813: mar- 
ried Willie Faleskie. IV. Eliza Ann, bom October 31, 1815: 
married December 17, 1835, James Higginbotham, son of Absalom 
and Mary (Sandidge) Higginbotham. V. Daniel Higginbotham, 
bom February 17, 1818: married, Mary Eliza Caskie. VI. Mary 
Banks, bom February 18, 1820: married, October 19, 1852, Dr. 
George Washington Davies. She died November 17, 1892. He 
died September 5, 1889. Children: a. George Whiting; b. Emmie 
Cabell: c. Zelzah Philippa; d. Mary Banks Washington, (Mrs. 
Hurley.) VII. William Augustus, born June 18, 1821 : married 
Harriet Bailey. 

10. Frances Riley, born May 10, 1785: married Reuben Cole- 
man. 

11. Eugene, bom March 10, 1787. 

12. Reuben, bom August 2, 1789 : married Miss Vaughan, 

of Kentucky. 

The following deeds are of record in Albemarle County, in the 
name of Captain John Higginbotham: 

May II, 1751. Moses Higginbotham, of St. Ann's Parish, Albemarle 
County, to John Higginbotham, of thes same parish and county for 5 



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126 William and Mary Quarterly 

shillings. Conveys 200 acres of land '^ow m the possession of the said 
John Higginbotham, located on Buffalo River, (Albemarle Coonty,) being 
part of a tract of 1,000 acres conveyed to the said Moses Higginbotham, 
by George Braxton, the younger, etc" Witnesses, Joseph Higginbotham, 
Benjamin Higginbotham, James Higginbotham. (Deed Book i, page 268.) 

May II, 1751. Same to same. For 5 shillings conveys -204 acres of 
land, "now in the possession of the said John Higginbotham," and located 
on the branches of Buffalo River, (Albemarle (bounty,) being part of a 
tract of 1,430 acres granted to the said Moses Higginbotham by George 
Braxton, the younger, etc" Same witnesses. (Deed Book i, page 280.) 

Captain John Higginbotham served in the War of the Revo- 
lution as captain of Amherst County militia." 

Thomas Higginbotham, son of John and Rachel (Banks) 
Higginbotham. Will dated February 12, 1834. 

To sister, Tirza London, tract of land on which I now live, con- 
taining 200 acres, and 40 acres adjoining, bought of (jeorge McDaniel, 
and all appurtenances thereto belonging, with all household and kitchen 
furniture except that which is hereafter provided for and at her death 
to go to her two younger children, Mary Banks and William Augustus. 
To John J. London,'* the tract of land I bought of William Roume. 
To Daniel H. London,** the tract of land I bought of Charles B. 
Taliaferro. To Frances Woodroof** and her children, the tract of 
land called C^mdens D. & B. Higginbotham & C>>. To sister Ann 
Staunton Higginbotham, late of (Georgia, children 20 shares Farmer's 
Bank Stock. To children of brother James Higginbotham, late of 
Kentucky, 20 shares of Farmer's Bank stock. To Ann E. London,** 
15 shares of Farmer's Bank Stock. To brother Daniel Higginbotham, 
50 shares Virginia Bank Stock. To sister Frances R. Coleman, whatever 
debt she may owe me at the time of my death. To Wesley Jones son 
wife Archey Carey, $1,000. (So in copy of wilL) To brother, Daniel 
Higginbotham, in trust for the following persons, viz.: 15 shares in 
Bank of U. S. for the benefit of Jessee Higginbotham; 15 shares Bank 
of U. S. for the benefit of Eugene Higginbotham, my brother; 20 shares 
Farmer's Bank stock for the benefit of Meeka Higginbotham, wife of 
James S. Higginbotham; 10 shares Virginia Bank stock for the benefit 
of Nancy, my cook woman; 10 shares of Farmer's Bank stock for the 
benefit of Maria, my house woman; 5 shares of Farmer's bank stock 
for the benefit of Tom Casey, Maria's son; 5 shares of Farmer's Bank 



•• See "Aud. Ace, I779-^ 134." Virginia State Library. 
** Children of John and Tirzah (Higginbotham) London. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 127 

stock for the benefit of John Waller, Maria's son. I give to Nanqr k 
Maria a bed & furniture each and a cow and calf each. 

It is my wish that all my negroes be set free, viz. : Nancy, my cook 
woman Maria, and her two sons, Tom Casey k John Waller, Caleb and 
their increase, Washington, Charles, Dandridge, William, Daniel, 
Spencer, Polly, Isaac, Carter, Ann and her children, their increase, 
Charlotte and her children and increase, Jean and her children, and in- 
crease; China and her children and increase, provided they are willing 
to leave the State; if not, they may choose any of my brothers or 
sisters they are willing to serve. It is my wish and desire that should 
I dispose of any of the special legacies it is to be made up to them 
out of my estate. It is my wish that my brother, Daniel Higginbotham, 
in case Nancy & Maria should not be willing to leave the State, he 
will become Guardian for them of the bank stock left them, will be 
sufficient to maintain them. The balance of my estate to be divided, 
giving to the children of my late brother, James, }i part; to the children 
of my sister, Anne Higginbotham, % part; to David Higginbotahm, 
}i part; to Daniel Higginbotham, ^ part; to William S. Higginbotham 
1/16 part; to my brother, Reuben Higginbotham's two sons, 1/16 
part; to Daniel Higginbotham, in trust for the benefit of Jesse Higgin- 
botham, 1/16 part; to Daniel Higginbotham, in trust for the benefit of 
Eugene Higginbotham, 1/16 part; to my sister, Frances R. Coleman, 
% part; to my sister, Tirzah London, % part Executor, brother Daniel 
Higginbotham; it is expected my executor will sell whenever he may 
think best, all my other property not given or mentioned above. (No 
witnesses.) (Will Book 9, page 47.) 

Thomas Higginbotham, son of John and Frances (Riley) 
Higginbotham, was living in Albemarle County in 1751, when, 
on June 3rd of that year, he conveyed by deed to Robert Rose, 
also of Albemarle, for a consideration of £45, "three messuages 
or tenements granted to the said Thomas Higginbotham by 
three Letters Patent, viz.: one for 200 acres of land lying in 
the Piney Woods, dated July 12, 1750; one for 140 acres of 
land lying on Piney River, dated July 12, 1750, and the third by 
Letters Patent of the same date, for 200 acres of land in the 
Piney Woods all being now in the possession of the said Robert 
Rose." Witnesses: John Walker, Robert Green, Patrick Mor- 
rison. (Deed Book i, page 378.) 

No further record of him is found in Albemarle. He proba- 
bly received his share of his father's estate in money and re- 
moved to CJeorgia, where in February, 1759, he addressed a 
petition to the (jovemor and Council, setting forth that "he 



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128 William and Mary Quarterly 

was settled in the Province, had had no lands granted him 
therein and was desirous of obtaining a grant for cultivation 
as he had a wife and nine children," and praying for a grant 
of 100 acres "on a branch running into the Savannah River 
about five miles above Augusta and three miles back from said 
river." His petition was favorably acted upon and subse- 
quently he was allowed additional grants of 150 and 200 acres. 
In June, 1766, he stated that he had a "wife and 10 children," 
and April 3, 1770, he referred to the fact that he was "possessed 
of 4 negroes." *• 

Rachel Higginbotham, daughter of John and Frances (Riley) 
Higginbotham, died in Amherst County, "in the winter of 1808- 
09."" She married (ist) William Morrison** (died 1761,) of 
Albemarle County; (2nd) in 1772,** Samuel Ayres (died 
1784,**) of Amherst County. 

Children (Morrison): 

Joseph Higginbotham, (eldest son**) bom ; died in Amherst 

County in 1802;** married Frances Green Higginbotham, daughter of 
Aaron and Clara (Green?) Higginbotham, of Amherst (3ounty. She 
died in Elbert C>)unty, Cieorgia, 179— • 

Ezra, bom, 1756; died in Lincoln C>)unty, Kentucky, November i, 
1844;** married in 1792, Elizabeth Spears Carpenter, widow of Cap- 
tain John Carpenter, and daughter of George and Christina Spears, of 



*^CoL Records of Georgia, VIII., 775; X., 565; XI., 16, 180. 

*iChalkley*s "Transcripts of the Records of Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, Vol. 2, pp. iss and 266. 

*'In 1740, Thomas Morrison of Goochland C>)unty, purchased of 
John Chiswell of Hanover County, 2,460 acres of land on the south 
branches of Rockfish River, Goochland C>)unty this tract was granted in 
1748, to William Morrison of Albemarle County. (See Deed Book 
3, p. 318, (Goochland Covaity and Book 26, p. 518, Land Register's 
office, Richmond.) 

*«Sec marriage contract in Deed Book D, p. 31. 

** See his will in Will Book 2, p. 169. 

**See order of the Court June 21, 1802, appointing administrators 
of his estate. Will Book 4, p. 348. 

*«He was a soldier of the (Borgia Contmental Line, War of the 
Revolution, and received a pension under Act of Congress, of June 7, 
1832; see ''Survivor's File, No. 13,956," Bureau of Pensions, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 



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WnxiAM AND Mary Quarterly 129 

Amherst (?) County. A. Gt. Gt grand-daogfater, Mrs. H. S. Howard, 
lives at Meridian, Miss. (1917.) 

Eve, bom ; married ■ Lackey. A son, John Lackey,** 

removed to Kentucky in 1820; his great, great grandson, Joseph H. 
Lackey, lives at Memphis, Tennessee (1917). 

Tirzah, bom ; married (ist) Davis (2nd) Thomas 

Stuart." 

Mary Dandridge Morrison, daughter of Joseph Higginbotham 
and Frances Green (Higginbotham) Morrison, bom in (Am- 
herst County?) Virginia, 1784; died in Elbert County Georgia, 
September 8, 1839. She married in Elbert County, January 8, 
1805, James Reagan, Jr., son of James, Sr., and Nancy (Cook) 
Reagan. James Reagan, Jr., was bom in Guilford County, North 
Carolina, July 2, 1780; died in Pike County, Georgia, December 
27, 1855. Their son, Francis Washington Reagan,*^ M. D., bom 
in Elbert County, Georgia, August 12, 1821 ; died in Augusta, 
Georgia, May 25, 1865; married in Augusta, December 14, 1845, 
Sarah Cecelia Refo, daughter of Caesar and Eliza (McLeo) 
Refo. She was bom in Augusta, Georgia, November 17, 1826; 
died in Astoria, Long Island, July 25, 1910. Their only child, 
Eugenia Octavia Reagan, bom in Augusta, Georgia, October 17, 
1846; married in Augusta, September 30, 1867, Thomas W. 
Sweeny, Brigadier-General, United States Army. Their children, 
Thomas Francis, bom at McPherson Barracks, (now, 1917, Fort 
McPherson,) Atlanta, Georgia, July 14, 1868, and William Mont- 
gomery, bom at Harlem, New York City, August 29, 1871. Mr. 
Sweeney in a letter to the Editors, under date of August 5, 1918, 
says: "Since I sent you the manuscript [of the Higginbotham 
genealogy] I have found that Colonel James Higginbotham [see 
Quarterly, XX VH, No. i, p. 48] married in 1779 Rachel Camp- 
bell, daughter of Henry Campbell and Charity his wife. Henry 
Campbell's will was entered for probate in Amherst Co. Court 
Dec. 7, 1772." 



^^ Graduate Medical College of Georgia, Class of 1844; served as a 
private soldier, C. S. A., in Captain William Barnes's artillery company 
from Augusta, Georgia. 



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130 William and Mary Quarterly 



ORDER AGAINST THE QUAKERS 

Att a Councill held att James Citty ffebruary 20^ 1690: Pres- 
ent, The R* Hono'*»** ffrancis Nicholson Esq"" their Maj'*~ Lieut 
Govemo' Nathan" Bacon Esq' SeC Coll. Willm: Bird Coll: 
Chris* Wormeley Coll : Jn*» Armistead. 

This Board having beene informed y* y* Inhabitants of 
Pensilvania declare that if y* ffrench or Indians Come ag* them, 
they will acquaint them they have noe Quarrell with them nor 
will not fight whereby if either of those Enemies shall goe thither, 
they will not only bee supplyed with provisions, but a place of 
retreat after Mischief e done which may prove of Dangerous Con- 
sequence to y* peace and Safety of this and all other Maj"~ 
Plantations in these parts, and itt being Considered that y* ffre- 
quent meeting of Quakers in severall places of this Collony of 
their owne appointing without ever acquainting the Govemo' 
with y* same, or doeing what is required by an Act of Parliam* 
made in the first year of y* Reigne of our Soveraigne Lord & 
Lady, William and Mary, by the Grace of God of England, Scot- 
land, ffrance & Ireland &c. King and Queen, entitled an Act for 
Exempting their May**** protestant subjects dissenting from y* 
Church of England from y* penalties of Certaine Lawes, not only 
by the Inhabitants of this Collony, but those of Maryland, Penn- 
silvania and other places usually present, by means whereof the 
ffrench or Indians if possest of Pensilvania have fitt opportunity 
of knowing y* affairs of the Govern*, and ordering themselves to 
do mischiefe, accordingly, ffor prevention whereof for y* ffuter 
and to the end the afores* Act of Parliament may bee put into 
effectual Execution, itt is ordered that after publication hereof 
(which all their May**** Justices of the Peace in the respective 
Counties in thie Colony are required to Cause to be done, att y* 
next Court to bee held for their said Countyes) that none of y* 
psons usually called Quakers doe p'sume to meet at any place 
whatsoever without first doeing and pformeing what by the 
Recited Act of Parliam* is required and Comanded upon penality 
of being prosecuted and suffering such paines and penalties as t^ 



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William and Mary Quarterly 131 

the said act are to bee Inflicted on those whoe (do) not comply 
therewith, and to y* end that the said Act may bee duly pformd, 
all their May*^~ Subjects within this CoUony especially Justices of 
y^ Peace, sheriflFs and other May*^** officers whatsoever are hereby 
required and comanded to take Care that noe pson or psons what- 
soever presume to doe or Act anything G>ntrary to y* full intent 
and meaning thereof. And it is further ordered that if after y* 
said psons called Quakers have pformed what is required by y* 
aforesaid Act of Parliament any strangers from any other Gov- 
erm* shall come among them they give an ace* of every such person 
to y* next Justice of y* Peace, whoe is hereby ordered to Cause 
y said pson or psons to appear before him and take his or their 
Examinacon under his or their hands to what place he or they 
belong whither going and when, and of all things else which may 
be for their May"*" service, and forthwith retume y* same (if 
hee see Cause) to y* R* Hono^'* ffrancis Nicholson Esq' their 
May"®* Leu* Govemo' that such further order may bee had therein 
as shall bee agreeable to Law, and itt is alsoe ordered that if any 
pson whatsoever shall receive by letter or hear any strange news 
which may tend to y* disturbance of y* peace of their Govemm* 
that they doe not presume to publish y* same but with y* first 
Conveniency repaire to y* next Justice of y* Peace and 
acquaint him therewith, whoe is to Act therein according to 
Law. Copia Vera, Test W. Edwards Q Cur. March y* 24"* 
1690/1. Published then in York Court and ordered to be 
Recorded. Test. L Sedgewicke D. CI. Cur. 



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132 William and Mary Quarterly 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL NOTES 

Nicholas. — On March ii, 1914, Wilson Miles Cary, the noted 
genealogist of Baltimore, now deceased, wrote to the Editor as 
follows : 

"I have been straightening up my Nicholas pedigree — and 
on inspection of the Wm. & Mary Catalogue of Alumni (pub. 
1874) — I find a Robert Carter Nicholas entered as a student in 
year 1766, and "son of the Treasurer" — Of course this is ab- 
solutely erroneous — the said Robert's birth having occurred 2 
June 1768, 2 yrs later. 

Robert Carter Nicholas, b. 1728 Jan. 28, 3d son of Dr. George 
Nicholas and Eliz Carter (wid. Burwell) & Jane Cary, b. 1733, 
were married in 1751 — and their children were bom in the fol- 
lowing order: (i) Sarah b. 1752, m. 1772, 1/30, John Hatley 
Norton; (2) Elizabeth b. 1753, 8/1 1, d. 1810 3/6, m. 1776 
8/29 Edmund Randolph (1753-1810); (3) George (1754-1799, 
8/—); (4) John 1756-1820 i/i); (5) Mary (1759-95); (6) 
Wilson Cary (1761 1/31-1820 10/10); (7) Judith (1765 5/17- 

d. young) ; (8) Lewis (17669/ 1840 1/17) ; (9) Robert (1768 

6/2-d. y.) and (longo intervallo) (10) Philip Norborne (1775- 
18498/19). 

In the year 1753 occurs the name of a "Wilson Cary" as "son 
of Miles Cary." There never was such an individual, i, e,, of that 
parentage or period. My ancestor Col. Wilson Miles Cary, of 
Ceely (1734-1817) only son of Col. Wilson Cary (1703-72 in 
1750 would have been 19 yrs of age — and his only son Wilson 
Cary (1760-93) is catalogued in 1775. 

I have never known what degree of authority to attach to 
the above Catalogue, *. e., between what periods its records are re- 
liable as being compiled from extant books of contemporaneous 
entries — and what part is merely tentative and more or less 
aprocryphal." 

The authority for the names which appear in the Historical 
Catalogue from 1753 to 1776 is the Bursars Books of the collie. 
As to Robert Carter Nicholas, though his name appears in the 



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William and Mary Quarterly 133 

index to one of the books, the page to which reference is made 
is torn out, and the reference may have disclosed some accotmt 
with the father rather than with the son. "Wilson Cary" was 
certainly at college from 1753 to 1755. He was probably a 
senior, and his paternity is not given, but he was doubtless Wilson 
Miles Cary. A Wilson Cary is named in these books in 1775 
as "son of W. M. Cary." 

Watson. — See Quarterly, XX VL, 228-231. A letter from 
Henry E. Bulloch, a member of the Chicago Historical Society, 
adds the following information: "My great great-grandfather, 
Jonathan Watson, emigrated to Virginia about 1764, after the 
death of his wife, taking his children with him. His eldest son, 
J. J. C. Watson, went back to England to complete his education, 
and married there in 1770. He returned shortly after, and his 
two eldest sons were bom at Highgate House, Va., — Jonathan 
in 1774 and John in 1775. 

Jonathan Watson was a candidate for the Council of Virginia 
in 1772. Earl Dunmore, in a letter of Dec. 18, 1772, to the Earl 
of Dartmouth, Secretary of State for the colonies, speaks of Mr. 
Watson as an English gentleman who had resided some years in 
the colony, but was without connection or influence, and advises 
that Mr. John Page or Mr. Thomas Nelson be appointed. 

Jonathan Watson's wife was Miss Bullock of Faulkboume 
Hall, Essex, England, who died in 1763, and her brother. Col. 
John Bullock of Faulkboume, sat in the House of Parliament 
for fifty-six years ; latterly being called the "Father of the House." 
Col. Bullock, having no issue, entailed his property in favor of 
his sister's eldest son. John Josiah Christopher Watson, of High- 
gate House, Va. 

The Watsons were loyalists and returned to England, I be- 
lieve, in the early 8o's. Col. Bullock died in 1809, and February 
10, 1810, Mr. J. J. C. Watson took the name and arms of Bullock, 
quartering those of Watson therewith. 

The writer thinks Mr. Jonathan Watson, being a widower, 
lived at Highgate House and his son, John J. C, with him; but 
he may have had a house elsewhere. 



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134 William and Mary Quarterly 

Two brothers, nephews of John Jacob Christopher Watson, 
Sir Henry and Sir Christopher Watson, went through the Penin- 
sular War, and were retired from the army with the rank of 
General." 

Mr. Bullock refers for further notice of the Watson and 
Bullock families to "Memoirs of the Bullock Family." In a 
chart pedigree kindly furnished by him, compiled from wills, the 
grant of arms, and family papers, John Watson of Stone Raze, 
near Carlisle, captain of foot in the army of Charles I., had 
Jonathan Watson of Lownthwait, Cumberland, and Westminster, 
Esq., and J. P. for Hants, died 1722, and was buried in Padding- 
ton Church. The latter had Jonathan Watson of Ringshall, Suf- 
folk, Fellow of the Royal Society, and of Virginia, married Eliza- 
beth, only daughter of Josiah Bullock of Faulkboum, Esq. They 
were parents of (i) Jonathan Josiah Watson who took the name 
of Bullock, succeeded to Faulkboum; bom 1749, died 1832; mar- 
ried Juliana Elizabeth, daughter of Anicetus Thomas, Esq., of 
Chelsea, Middlesex Co., England. (2) Christopher Watson, of 
Horkesley, Lt. Col. 3d Light Dragoons Kt. (father of Generals 
Sir Henry and Sir Frederick Watson. (3) John Watson, rector of 
Faulkboum, died 1818, without issue. (4) Mary married (Sam- 
uel) Henley, D. D., of Rendleshaw, SuflFolk. (5) George, and 
(6) Anne, both died infant, and Elizabeth married James Worm- 
sley, died 1830. The pedigree appears to make Rev. John Wat- 
son a brother-in-law of Prof. Henley and not father-in-law, as 
stated by Mr. E. Alfred Jones in the article in the Quarterly. 

Jones. — Robert Jones, of Northumberland Co., had by his 
wife Elizabeth Brereton several children, of whom one was Robert 
Jones, bom January 26, 1721. (Quarterly, XXHI., p. 263.) 
This last Robert moved to Brunswick County and died there in 
1748 or 1749. (Quarterly, XIX, p. 291.) Brereton his son, 
speaks in his will of his wife Lettice and son Daniel. A cor- 
respondent writes (1918) that Edward Jones of Little Washing- 
ton is a son of James Brereton Jones and a grandson of Daniel 
Jones of Brunswick Co. 

Elizabeth Brereton, wife of Robert Jones, Sr., appears to 
have been a daughter of Capt. Thomas Brereton, who died in 



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William and Mary Quarterly 135 

1699. He was a son of Col. Thomas Brereton probably by his wife 
Jane Claiborne, daughter of Col. William Claiborne. (Quar- 
terly, IV., 166.) 

Withy. — ^John Withy, citizen and painter stainer, of London, 
his contract with Andrew Holbome of Middy, coachman, the 
latter to serve 8 years from his first arrival in Rappahannock; 
consigned to Augustine Withey, the said John Withey's son in 
Virginia. (Rappahannock Records 1662.) 

Dew. — ^Thomas R. Dew, President of William and Mary Col- 
lege, was son of Thomas Dew and Lucy Gatewood, his wife. 
According to his tombstone at Dewsville, King and Queen Co., 
Thomas Dew, the father, was bom in 1753. He is said to have 
been a son of William Dew and Miss Swinton. He was proba- 
bly descended from Andrew Dew, who bought lands in Essex in 
1660. He married Ann and left two sons Andrew and Thomas. 
Some have thought, however, that President Dew was descended 
from Col. Thomas Dew, of Nansemond Co., who was a member 
of the Council in 1654-1658, but there is no proof. 

Proclamations recorded in York County Court, (i) A 
proclamation by Lord Thomas Culpeper of pardon to the "plant 
cutters and plant destroyers" for their treason and rebellion in 
1682. The proclamation, after reciting that some of the more 
notorious actors were punished, pardons the rest, "save Richard 
Bayley lately convicted and condemned, John Hayley, Henry 
Inman and John Wise, who are fled, not dareing to abide their 
l^;all tryall, as alsoe Robert Beverley, John Sackler and Thomas 
Annis." Dated 22 May, 1683. (2) A proclamation by Nicholas 
Spencer, Esq., President of his Majesty's Council, regarding the 
escape of John Haley from the jail at James Citty. It recites that 
**John Haley, not dareing to abide a legall tryall, on Saturday 
night, being the ninth instant, tooke the opportunity of the guards 
being gone to supper broke the wall of the said goale and tfiough 
well loaded with irons made his escape from the said Goale." 
II June, 1683. (3) A proclamation of Thomas, Lord Culpeper, 
appointing Nicholas Spencer Secretary of Virgmia president 
of the Council and requiring all persons to render him due 



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136 William and Mary Quarterly 

obedience. Dated 22 May, 1683. (In these York Co. Records are 
many proclamations of other governors.) 

Grand Jury. — Four and twenty able and sufficient free- 
holders of this county to be summoned to serve as grand jury. 
(York County Records, February 25, 1700.) 

Justices of the County Court. — Commission of Francis 
Nicholson to Thomas Barber, Joseph Ring, Robert Reade, 
Thomas Ballard, Thomas Roberts, Charles Hansford, William 
Buckner, Henry Tyler, Baldwin Matthews, Daniel Taylor and 
Thomas Nutting as Justices of York Co. (York County Records, 
June 24, 1699.) 

Church at Hampton. — Mr. Jacob Walker and Mr. John 
Lowry are appointed to lay off and valine an Acre and halfe of 
ground at the upper end of Queen's Street joyning upon Mr. 
Bosewell's lott for the Building of the church thereon. It is 
agreed by the minister, churchwardens and court, to furnish 
Mr. Henry Cary with wood at the rate of six pence per load to 
bum bricks for the church from the school land. (Elizabeth 
City County Records, 17 January, 1727.) 

Naturalization of Bertram Servant, a naturall borne sub- 
ject of ye kingdome of ffrance of ye age of sixty and sixe yeares 
settled and resided thirty eight yeares in Elizabeth City County. 
(Signed) E. Andros. (governor). E. Jennings Dept. Secry. 
Recorded (in Elizabeth City Co.) 28th Day of November, 1698. 

Naturalization of Cornelius Noell. EflFengham's proclama- 
tion naturalizating Cornelius Noell, "borne in Holland, professing 
ye Protestant Religion." Rappahannock Coimty Records, 27 
April, 1686.) 

Convention of the Ministers. — "I doe hereby in his 
Maties name command you to give notice to every minister in 
your County to meet me (God willing) att his Maties Royall Col- 
ledge of William and Mary the 23d of Aprill next." Fr. Nichol- 
son. Att a court held for York County March 24th, 1700, the 
within proclamation was then published in court, and accord- 
ing to ord' is committed to record. (York County Records.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 137 

Sabbath Day. — September 24, 1684. It appearing by the 
oaths of Richard RatcliflF and Edward Gray that Mr. John Wright 
did order and permit his servants water plants on the Sabbath 
day, it is therefore ordered that he be fined five hundred pounds 
of Tobacco & Caske and pay all costs of this suite. (York County 
Records.) 

Quakers Fined. — Whereas Anthony Seabrell p'sented by 
the Grand Jury for not comeing to church and acknowledgeing in 
Court that he had absented himself for two months and upwards 
and (it) appearing that it is out of non-con formitie to the same 
and being a Reputed Quaker, it is therefore ordered that the sd. 
Seabrell be fined twenty pounds sterl. p. month, being accord- 
ing to act and forthwith payd als execucon. (York Coimty 
Records, 1684.) 

Whereas the flForeman of the Grand Jury p'sented Edward 
Thomas, for that the said Thomas the 24th of July last did enter- 
taine and suffer Quakers to preach in his house, which being 
made appear by the Oathes of M"" Jerom Ham and M' Robert 
Harris he is therefore fined according to act of Assembly. And 
the said Edward Thomas is fined Two htmdred pounds of to- 
bacco and cask for workeing and mauling of loggs upon Christ- 
mas day. June 24, 1684. 

Charles Crompton, an outlaw. An order for the arrest of 
Charles Crompton, who ''hath spoken severall seditious and 
scandalous words, refusing to lay down his arms when comanded 
by the honor*** William Cole Esq"^ and taken to the woods armed 
and with threatening speeches declared that he would be the 
death of any person that shall lay hands upon him, and alsoe to 
sett on fire and bume houses." (York Cx>unty Records, August 
24, 1683.) 

York. — The Court of York Coimty in very early day used 
to meet at a place called "York," on York River. It was patented 
by Sir John Harvey in 163 1 and lay on the west of Wormeley's 
Creek, also called Ludlow's Creek. Brick foundations, some- 
times mistaken for the ruins of a "temple," mark the site of the 



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138 William and Mary Quarterly 

church of York parish, and in a deed in the courthouse at York- 
town the field in which the ruins lie is called the "Church Field." 
In later days the r^on became known as Temple Farm, and it 
was in a house owned by Augustine Moore that the articles of 
surrender were signed by Lord Comwallis. In 1635 William 
Warren had a house in this locality, where the movement was 
started which resulted in the deposition of Sir John Harvey. 
The leading figure in this early revolt was Capt. Nicholas Mar- 
tian ancestor of George Washington. A deed recorded at York- 
town June 29, 1682, has a reference to "Rebecca Hethersall in 
York old ffields at the head of Ludlow's Creek in Virginia, 
widow." York must not be confotmded with Yorktown, which 
was laid ofiF in 1698, and b about three miles distant up the 
river. 

The Reverend John Waller. — ^"At a Court held for Caro- 
line County the tenth day of September one thousand seven hun- 
dred & seventy-two. 

Present his Majestys Justices. 



James Taylor Thomas Lowry 

Walker Taliaferro George Guy 
William Woodford Anthony New 



Gent. 



♦ ♦ 



John Waller being brought before the Court pursuant to a 
warrant acknowledged the charge against him of his preaching 
at Henry Goodloes. It is Ordered he be & remain in Custody of 
the sherif 'til he give security himself in the sum of Fifty pounds 
& two securities in the sum of twenty-five pounds each for his 
good behaviour a year and a Day. 

Henry Goodloe pursuant to his Recognizance appeared in 
Court & acknowledged that there was a Meeting of people to the 
number of Ten as in the warrant charged against him which the 
Court are of opinion was a breach of the act of Assembly's pro- 
hibiting tmlawful thereof. It is ordered that he be and remain in 
the custody of the sherif 'til he give security himself in the sum 
of Ten pounds & two securities in the sum of Five pounds each 



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William and Mary Quarterly 139 

for his good behaviour a year & Day." (Caroline County Court 
Order Book 1772-1776, page 107.) 

The Honorable Edmund Pendleton's Indenture of Ap- 
prenticeship. — "At a Court held for Caroline County on Friday 
the 14th day of March, 1734/5. 

Present 
William Woodford Thos. Catlett 1 Gen* 

John Martin Wm. Taliaferro ) Justices 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

It is ordered and considered by the Court that Edmund Pendle- 
ton son of Henry Pendleton deed., be bound and is hereby bound 
unto Benj. Robinson, Qerck of this Court, to serve him the full 
^end and term of six years and six months as an apprentice to be 
brought up in the said office, which time the said apprentice his 
said master faithfully shall serve according to the usage and cus- 
tome of apprentices. In consideration whereof the said Benjamin 
Robinson doth agree that he will use the said the utmost of his 
endeavours to instruct his s' apprentice in all things belonging to 
a Clerk's office and that he will provide for him sufficient meet, 
drink, apparell & fitting for an apprentice during y* s* time." 
(Caroline County Order Book 1732-1740, page 382.) 

Justice for the Justices. — ^"At a court held for Caroline Co. 
on Thursday the ninth day of June, 1785. 



Present 

Rog< 
James Taylor George Buckner, 



Robert Gilchrist Roger Quarles and ) ^ . 



A question came before the Court whether an old member 
who had formerly acted as sheriff of this Cotmty shall be again 
nominated before every member of this Court shall enjoy the emol- 
uments of the Sheriff's place when it was resolved by a very full 
Court that none such should be again recommended." (Caroline 
Coimty Court, Order Book 1785-1787, page 55.) 



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140 William and Mary Quarterly 

A Proposed Change in the G)lonial Capital. — "At a crt 
for proof of publick Qaims held at C. H. of Caroline Co. on Fri- 
day 26th day of August, 1748. 

Present 

John Taliaferro 

Wm Taliaferro 

James Taylor 

and 

John Baylor 

Rich* Buckner 

Thos. Johnson 

A progra" for removing the seat of government in this Colony 
was presented in Court by James Taylor Gent, and several others 
and ordered to be certified to the next assembly." (Caroline 
County Court Order Book 1746-1754, page 13.) 



Gent 
Justices 



Immigrant Ancestors of the Kennerly Family. — Patent 
dated June 19, 1735, issued for 1750 acres, known by the 
name of Delamere Forest, in St. Mark's Parish, Orange County, 
Virginia, between the Motmtains and the fork of Rushy River; 
in consideration of the importation of 6 persons to dwell in the 
colony, viz.: Samuel Kennerly, Ellin Kennerly, Thomas Ken- 
nerly, Elizabeth Kennerly, James Kennerly, and Catharine Ken- 
nerly ; the patent issued in the name of the said Thomas, James 
and Elizabeth Kennerly. (Register of the Land Office, Richmond, 
Patent Book 15, page 531.) 



The Children of William Cocke of Henrico. — The 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. IV., page 
90, in a genealogy of the Cocke Family, by James C. Southall, 
says that "William Cocke (son of Thomas;* and grandson of 
Richard,* of Bremo, first of the family in Virginia) . . . had 
issue : William, Temperance, Catharine, Mary and Sarah." The 
following record in Goochland County Court May 1734 (Order 
Book 7, page 402) shows who these children married. Jordan 



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William and Mary Quarterly 141 

vs. Cox. William Cocke, his life time was possessed of 4 negros 
as his own, one of which was a slave named in the declaration in 
this suit; William Cocke died sometime about the year 1736 
leaving issue 2 children, infants, said infants both dying not more 
than 8 years old ; at death of said infants said negros descended 
to Sarah, wife of Thomas Jordan, Temperance, wife of Abraham 
Bailey, Mary, wife of John Redford, sisters and co-heiresses 
of said William Cocke, and John Burton, Jr., son and heir of 
Catherine, then deceased, late wife of John Burton, said Cath- 
erine being a sister of said William Cocke. Sarah, wife of the 
plaintiff (i. e. Thomas Jordan) in this suit, was at the time of 
her intermarriage with the said plaintiff, the widow and relict 
of one William Cox, and that said William Cox died before the 
death of the infants of aforesaid William Cocke. The de- 
fendant in this suit, John Cox, is son and heir at law to said 
William Cox by the said Sarah; the said Thomas Jordan, the 
plaintiff, and said Abraham Bailey, John Redford and John 
Burton, jr., on the death of the infants of said William Cocke, 
made a division of the said slaves into four lots and cast lots 
for choice and the negro Sam (mentioned in the declaration) 
fell to Sarah, wife of Said Thomas Jordan, and said Jordan 
became possessed of said Sam. About 4 years since Sarah, 
wife of the said Thomas Jordan departed this life and the de- 
fendant, John Cox, thinking that he had a right to the afore- 
said negro applied to the said Jordan, and Jordan being advised 
that the right rested in the said John Cox turned over the said 
n^;ro to him and said Sam is now in his possession. There is 
more of th« evidence in the foregoing suit; but, the facts culled 
and given, as above, are the vital ones from a genealogical point 
of view as showing the names of the parties whom the daughters 
of William Cocke married. 

Cocke Family. — ^The will of James Cocke of Cumberland 
Parish, Limenburg County, Virginia was dated 30 April 1753 and 
was probated in Limenburg County 3 July 1753. To his daughter 
Martha he devised i500 currency provided the said Martha should 
relinquish her right to a legacy left her by her grandfather James 
Powell Cocke, as by his will; to his daughter Elizabeth he also 



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142 William and Mary Quarterly 

devised isoo currency. These l^^acies were to be paid Martha 
and Elizabeth when they should arrive at the age of eighteen 
years or at the time of their respective marriages. To his son 
James Cocke, "the testator's tract of land called Malvern Hills 
in Henrico County, containing 670 acres, also a tract of land in 
Cumberland County containng 750 acres and 16 n^;roes now on 
the plantation at Malvern Hills and stock and household goods 
at said place, also 5 n^;roes now in Lunenburg Coimty and 3 
negroes in Amelia County. To son Chastain Cocke, land on the 
south side of Staunton River in Halifax County being 2560 
acres and 14 negroes on the said place and also 11 other negroes 
and the stock on that plantation. To his son Stephen Cocke 
was devised the land the testator then lived on containing 300 
acres and 4 negroes on the said plantation and 7 negroes in 
Amelia County and stock on the said plantation. The testator 
loaned to his wife (whose name he does not give) a tract of 2771 
acres in Amelia County and 21 negroes which "came with her," 
and after her death to the testator's son Stephen Cocke and his 
heirs if they shall survive her, and if not then to son James 
Cocke if he should survive her and if he should fail to my son 
Chastain Cocke and in case the three and the heirs of their 
bodies fail then to the testator's daughters and in case his three 
sons and two daughters and the heirs of their bodies should be 
deceased before the testator's wife then said wife to dispose of 
the said twenty-one negroes as she shall think proper. To his 
god-son, James Dupuy the testator bequeathed £50 currency. 
He further directs that should all of his children die issueless all 
of his estate (except what is left at his wife's disposal) to be 
divided between the three sons of^Brazurc Cocke. Executors:' 
"nephew John James Dupuy and his son Bartholomew Dupuy 
and his (J. J. Dupuy's) son-in-law John Trabue." (Limenburg 
County Court, Will Book No. i, page 96.) 

James Cocke (the testator of the above will) was the son 
of James Powell Cocke, of Malvern Hills, Henrico County, and 
his wife Martha Herbert, James Powell Cocke made his will 
19 August 1747 and it was probated in Henrico County Court, 
September 1747, leaving to his wife the use of his whole estate 
during her natural life "Except what is given to my daughter 
and her husband in a bond signed but not recorded the particu- 
lars that are in that bond to be given by my exrs. when required 



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William and Mary Quarterly 143 

accdg to the true intent of said bond." After the death of his 
wife the testator directed that 4 n^;ro girls (not under 12 years 
old) be. given to his grand-daughter, Martha Cocke. To his 
grand-son, Chastain Cocke, the plantation at Malbon (Malvern) 
Hills and the plantation at Four Mile Creek after the death of 
his (said Chastain's) father James Cocke. Residue of estate 
to be divded between my son James Cocke and Chastain Cocke 
when he arrives to the age of twenty one years. Executor, son 
James Cocke. At the time of the publication of the Cocke 
Genealogy in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 
(Vols. ni.-V.; see especially Vol. IV., p. 431, and Vol. V., p. 
85 for James Cocke) the will of James Cocke had not been dis- 
covered. Mr. Southall, however, gives the names of the children 
of James Cocke and the names of many of their descendants. 
James Cocke married Mary Magdaline Chastain who married 
2nd Peter Farrar. A problem is presented, however, by James 
Cocke's calling John James Dupuy his "nephew." One would 
very naturally presume that to have been "nephew" John James 
Dupuy would of necessity have been the child of James Cocke's 
sister. All efforts to locate the baptismal name of James Cocke's y^ > i ^ * 
sister (the daughter mentioned in the will of James Powe U ^/, 
Cocke) and the name of the man whom she married, have failed, t i . * * 
The Dupuy Genealogy which has been very thoroughly worked 
out and published does not throw any light whatsoever on the 
problem. John James Dupuy may, however, have been a • 
"nephew" of Cocke's wife, or may have married a niece either 
of Cocke or of Cocke's wife. Terms of degree of relationship 
were, at best, but loosely applied in colonial times and not infre- 
quently present "problems" whose solution requires extensive 
research. 

The Brazue Cocke to whose three sons James Cocke directed 
that his estate should go in the event of the deaths (without 
heirs of the body) of his three sons and two daughters, was 
doubtless the said James's uncle, Brazure Cocke, the son of 
Thomas Cocke of Malvern Hills, whose will was probated in 
1707. The last named Thomas Cocke and his brother, James 
Powell Cocke, were sons of Thomas Cocke, of "Pickthomc 
Farm" who was the son of Colonel Richard Cocke of "Bremo," 
Henrico Coimty, the first of the family in Virginia. 



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Works of Lyon G. Tyler 

President of IFilliam and Mary College y 
IVilliamsburg^ Virginia. 

I. Letters and Times of the Tylers. 

Being a work in three volumes covering the lives of John Tyler, Sr^ 
Governor of Virginia, and his son, John Tyler, President of the 
United States, with a running commentary on political events from 
1775 to 1861. Price $7 (Express to be paid by purchaser). Apply to 
the author. 

a. Cradle of the Republic — Jamestown and James River. 

A detailed history of Jamestown and the ofher James River settle- 
ments. Second edition, rewritten, enlarged and copiously illustrated. 
Sent to any place in the United States free of postage for $3. Apply 
to the author. 

3. Williamsburg, the old Colonial Capital. 

Copiously illustrated. Williamsburg is full of interest as the capital 
of Virginia during the American Revolution, and the seat of William 
and Mary College. Sent to any place in the United States free of 
postage -for $2.5a Apply to the author. 

4« Parties and Patronage in the United States, 

in G. P. Putnam's "Questions of the Day." Out of Print 

5. Narratives of Early Virginia (1606-1625). 
Charles Scribner's Sons, Publishers, New York. 

6. The English in America. 

(Volume IV. in Hart's American Nation). Harper & Brothers, Pub- 
lishers, New York. 

7. Men of Mark in Virginia. 

In five volumes. Men of Mark Publishing Co.,. Washington, D. C. 

8. Biographical Dictionary of Virginia. 

In five volumes. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York. 1915. 

9. William and Mary College Qiiarterly Historical Magazine. 
Lyon G. Tyler, Editor; William Clayton Torrence, Associate Editor. 
This Magazine is devoted chiefly to the early history and families 
of Virginia. AH unsigned articles contributed by the Editor, Lyon G. 
Tyler. It enters on its twenty-seventh volume with the July number, 
1918. 

Subscription price is $3.00 per year. Back numbers furnished only to 
subscribers. Single copies $1.00. No discount io the trade. An index 
to G^ealogic Data in the first sixteen volumes will be furnished oia 
application. 



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Vol. XXVn., Na 3 



JANUARY, 1919 



HJdiUiam anb Obnvv 

College Quattetlis 




Dietotical * ^agasine* 



prciibcnt of TniUUm and Aacv ttellcae, 
inflliaiiMbnrg, Vs. 

B00ociate BMtor: TniiUtam CUi^ton tTorrence 



dope ot tbtd number, St.OO. $3*00 |>et ffear 

[Sntered as Beoond-olM« matter at the Poat-Ollloe In WlUlamslnirg.] 



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William and Mary Colleg:e 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XXVII. JANUARY, 1919 No. 3 

CONTENTS. 



PACK 

Major Henry Wirz _ 145 

Southern Idealism - 152 

Caroline County Personal Property Lists 1783 154 

Fredericksburg in Revolutionary Days (Part II.) 164 

Greensville Coimty, Virginia, Militia Lists (Concluded) 176 

Ward Family - 185 

Colonel Holt Richeson's Heirs in 1852 200 

Letters >. 203 

Historical and Genealogical Data 208 

Book Reviews •. - 211 



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XKAflUam anb ffS^nt^ (^oIIcqc 

^uarterli^ Dietorical fDaoasine 

II Ml I i L 

Vol. XXVII JANUARY, 1919 No. 3 



MAJOR HENRY WIRZ 

It is certainly lamentable that during the prosecution of the 
late war so many writers for Northern magazines and newspapers 
should think it necessary to go back to the Civil War for analogies 
to the methods of Germany. 

The case of Major Henry Wirz, Confederate Commandant at 
Andersonville in the Civil War, is one among many in point. In 
an article in the Outlook for October 9th, and in an editorial in 
The New York Times for October loth, the execution of this un- 
fortunate officer was complacently instanced as a just precedent 
for the execution of Von Tirpitz and the other detested leaders 
of Germany. 

What are the facts in the case of Major Wirz? He was tried 
soon after the Civil War closed, when the prejudices resulting 
from a long war were greatly aggravated by the assassination of 
Lincoln. Men's minds in the North were predisposed to believe 
the Southerners guilty of any atrocity, and at an early date bands 
of unscrupulous persons were on hand to take advantage of this 
perfectly human tendency. So on the testimony of sudi men as 
these filed with Judge-Advocate-General Joseph Holt, President 
Johnson in a solemn proclamation accused Jefferson Davis of com- 
plicity in the murder of President Lincoln and offered $100,000.00 
for his apprehension. The subsequent investigation by a com- 
mittee of the House of Representatives resulted in the arrest of 
these perjurers and suborners and in the sentence of their leader 
— one Connover or Dunham — to the Albany penitentiary for ten 
years I 

The trial of Wirz occurred under the influence of these con- 
ditions. The man was tried by a military court accustomed to 



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146 William and Mary Quarterly 

summary methods. He was tried far from his home, and in the 
very city seething with the excitement engendered by the assassina- 
tion of Lincohi a few weks before. His attorneys soon saw that 
no justice could possibly be had and withdrew from the case. He 
managed to secure another in Mr. Lewis Schade, who served with- 
out fee and always thoroughly believed in his innocence. There 
were two charges : 

Charge No. i declared that he had combined and conspired with 
Jefferson Davis, Howell Cobb, James A. Seddon, John H. Winder, 
and other prominent men to destroy by starvation and otherwise 
45000 ( !) Federal prisoners. And yet without any proof of such 
a joint understanding he was declared guilty- Indeed, how could 
he be guilty of conspiracy without Jefferson Davis and aU the rest 
being equally guilty? And does any sane person at this day in 
the United States believe such to have been the case? Not one 
of his alleged associates was brought to trial, much less con- 
demned, and yet according to the argument of Judge-Advocate 
Chipman, Wirz was the least guilty one of the number. 

There was a second charge which attempted by thirteen speci- 
fications to fix the deaths of certain prisoners directly upon Wirz, 
and yet in each of the specifications it is stated that the name of 
the unfortunate victim was unknown. Think of it. There were 
thousands of prisoners at AndersonviUe necessarily witnesses of 
any act of Wirz, and none of the alleged murdered men could be 
identified. The banner witness of the govenmient was one Felix 
de-la Baume, who posed as a grand nephew of General La Fayette. 
Having so well testified and shown so much zeal, he received a 
recommendation from the trial commission. On October 11, be- 
fore the testimony in case was concluded, he was appointed to a 
clerkship in the Department of the Interior. After the execution 
of Major Wirz some of the Germans of Washington recognized in 
de-la Baume a deserter from the Seventh New York Regiment, 
whose name was not de-la Baume, but Felix Oeser, a native of 
Saxony. They went to Secretary Harlan, and he dismissed the 
impostor Oeser eleven days after the execution of Wirz. 

That de-la Baume was not the only one among the prisoners 
at AndersonviUe capable of swearing to an)rthing is indicated by 



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William and Mary Quarterly 147 

the fact that the prisoners at one time hanged six of their own 
number for murdering and robbing their sick associates. Such 
others as testified against Wirz had personal grudges against him 
which rendered them wholly incompetent as witnesses. Many 
of them were prisoners paroled to the outside, who tried 
to escape, were apprehended, and on this account harbored 
bitter resentment. "It is now known that reports favor- 
able to Wirz were suppressed by the Judge Advocate, who repre- 
sented the government in that proceeding. Some of the reports 
were mutilated. The judge advocate refused in quite a ntunber 
of instances to allow subpoenas to be issued for some witnesses 
in Wirz's behalf. Colonel Robert Ould (the Qmfederate commis- 
sioner of exchange) who had been subpoenaed, was called before 
the Judge Advocate. His subpoena was revoked, and he was 
threatened with arrest if he did not leave Washington. He had 
come to testify in response to a summons issued at Wirz's 
request" 

The fact is that in presenting the case of Major Wirz, the 
writers in the Outlook and the Times were simply barkening back 
to the bitterness of a period, which demanded a sacrifice for 
the sufferings of the Federal soldiers. Naturally, the authorities 
at Washington wanted to shift the responsibility from themselves ; 
and fearful that public sentiment in the North might not sustain 
them if their attack was directed against such eminent men as 
Davis, Seddon and Cobb, centered upon Henry Wirz, who was 
only a subaltern in the Confederate service and practically un- 
known to the world at large. Wirz was, however, not a "German" 
as the writers in the Outlook and Times characterize him, but a 
native of Zurich in Switzerland, and the tribunal by which he was 
tried was not a "competent" tribunal, for it was a military court 
sitting in time of peace. The trial was contrary to the terms of 
General Johnston's surrender, and contrary to the constitution 
which guarantees to every citizen a trial by a jury, and we cannot 
forget that the effort was made while Wirz was a prisoner, to get 
him to testify against President Davis on the promise of com- 
mutation of sentence. This offer, which rests on excellent 
authority, Wirz indignantly repulsed, and in aU the literature of 



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148 William and Mary Quarterly 

the times there is no more pathetic or manful letter than that 
addressed by him to Andrew Johnson soon after his condemnation. 

Far from affording in any way a precedent to Germany, the 
Confederate officers, in contrast with Federal officers, paid par- 
ticular respect to the International Law, and the mortality at 
Andersonville was directly chargeable to the policy of the Federal 
authorities in starving the South by a rigorous blockade and 
wholesale devastation, and in suspending the agreement to ex- 
change prisoners. Medicine was made contraband, and Mr. Lin- 
coln, whose htunanity is now so much applauded, actually refused 
to see a del^^tion of prisoners from Andersonville who were 
permitted by Mr. Davis to go to Washington and plead their own 
cause. They had to return with the sad tidings that their own 
government held out no hope for their release. Finally, after 
making repeated endeavors for exchange, the Confederates offered 
to turn over to the United States government its sick and wounded 
without any equivalent whatsoever. This offer was made in June, 
1864, and yet was not accepted till the last of November in that 
year. 

As a matter of fact, the rations for Federal prisoners pre- 
scribed by the Confederate government were the same in quantity 
and quality as those prescribed for the Confederate soldiers, and 
sufferings resulting often in death, similar to those at Ander- 
sonville and Libby Prison, possessed the Confederate armies in 
the field. 

The excuse given out for this tortuous course of the Federal 
government in relation to exchanges was the unwillingness of the 
Southern authorities to include in the terms negro soldiers, in 
most cases forced from the plantations into the Federal armies, 
but the real reason was given by General Grant in a letter to 
General Butler, dated August i8th, 1864: "If we commence a 
system of exchange which liberates all prisoners taken, we will 
have to fight on until the whole South is exterminated. If we hold 
those caught, they amount to no more than dead men.'' It was to 
the cold calculations of the Federal authorities to which Lincoln 
himself was directly a party that the guilt attached. 

And yet the figures given out by Secretary of War Stanton and 
Surgeon General Barnes conclusively showed that the mortality of 



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William and Mary Quarterly 149 

Confederate prisoners in the North, where everything was plenti- 
ful, was even greater than the mortality of Northern prisoners 
in the South where everything was scarce. Indeed private relief, 
which even the Germans allowed in the late war to prisoners, was 
not always permitted by the Northern authorities in the Civil 
War. A notable instance of refusal was afforded in December, 
1864, when certain ladies of England asked permission to dis- 
tribute $85,000 among the Confederate prisoners. Mr. Charles 
Francis Adams, the United States minister at London, became 
humanely the medium of their request, but Mr. Seward, the Secre- 
tary of State, made refusal in terms as insulting almost to Mr. 
Adams as to the charitable ladies concerned. 

In accounting for their verdict it is not necessary to impute 
criminal motives to General Wallace and the other officers com- 
posing the trial Board of Major Wirz. They were simply and 
absolutely incompetent because of the environment and their own 
personal prejudices. Had the case been reversed, had the South 
conquered the North, and Jefferson Davis been assassinated, a 
fate similar to Wirz's would probably have fallen to the share of 
one or more of the commanders at Johnson's Island, Camp 
Douglas, Elmira, Point Lookout and other Northern detention 
camps, where, according to a report of a committee of the Con- 
federate Congress made on the evidence of numerous returned 
prisoners and others, thousands perished of freezing, insufficient 
nourishment, and cruel treatment. But, it is believed that the 
South's abhorrence of military law would have ensured them a 
trial by jury at least. 

Finally, it is the opinion of James M. Page, of Pennsylvania, 
a Federal lieutenant confined in Andersonville for seven months 
that "the trial of Wirz was the greatest judicial farce enacted 
since Oliver Cromwell instituted the Commission to try and con- 
demn Charles I." Mr. Page speaks highly of the humanity of 
Wirz on all occasions. 

As to the talk of German autocracy in the old South, North- 
em writers ought to know that the North went to school to the 
South in the matter of democracy. The North had its Hamilton 
and John Adams, who had little but contempt for popular rule, 
but our Jefferson and Madison taught the real doctrine of popu- 



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150 William and Mary Quarterly 

lar rights which is now claimed for the North as a kind of 
monopoly invented by Abraham Lincoln, who, nevertheless, ac- 
cording to Ambassador James Bryce, practiced more autocratic 
authority during his brief ascendency than any single English- 
man has done since Oliver Cromwell. 

Had the South pursued the course of the North in the War; 
condemned to death or imprisonment, or confiscation of property 
the whole population of the North, as the Northern Congress did 
the population of the Southern States by the Act put forth with 
an approving proclamation by Lincoln July 17th, 1862; had it 
threatened with hanging as pirates Northern privatiersmen as 
Lincoln did Southern privatiersmen (a threat defeated only by a 
stem notice of retaliation on the part of Mr. Davis) ; had it made 
medicine contraband of war the first time in the annals of the 
world; destroyed millions of dollars' worth of property of non- 
combatants without compensation ; repeatedly violated the Inter- 
national Law, as the North did in the cases of the Trent and the 
Florida; burned houses, villages and cities, and destroyed all the 
live stock and farming implements as Sherman, Hunter, Sheridan 
and Grant did in the South ; instigated its oppressed labor classes 
to destroy after the Russian manner its burgeoisie as Lincoln en- 
couraged the slaves to destroy their masters and masters' families 
by his proclamation of September 22d, 1862, proposing to set 
them free but only in territory over which he confessedly had no 
immediate authority ; required the oath of allegiance to the South- 
em government of both sexes above 16 years of age in con- 
quered r^ons of the North, under the alternative of being driven 
from their homes; sent thousands of Germans and other for- 
eigners, who could barely speak a word of English, to overwhelm 
the people there ; or, if after the war resulting in a Southem con- 
quest of the North, the South had disfranchised the intelligent 
classes of the North, given power of control to unscrupulous 
Southem carpet baggers and inhabitants of the slums in Northern 
cities, and kept that section under military rule for eleven years 
after all hostilities had ceased, Northem writers might talk with 
some justice of autocracy in the South. But as the case stands in 
history, with the facts exactly reversed, they may go nearer home 
for their analogies to the Hohenzollemand Hapsburg spirit Abra- 
ham Lincoln in the exercise of authority certainly had little to leara 
from either Hohenzollem or Hapsburg. Far from imitating Lin- 



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William and Mary Quarterly 151 

coin in any way, President Wilson, in spite of the great authority 
wielded by him, has never usurped upon the dominion of Congress 
and made laws. He has only executed the laws made for him. 
But Lincoln not only executed laws, but made them as he deemed 
it necessary. Indeed, he broadly stated on one occasion that as 
"Chief of the Army and Navy in time of war, I suppose I may 
take any measure which may best subdue the enemy." There is 
nothing on record of any instance in which Lincoln restrained 
Sherman, Sheridan, Grant or Hunter. 

The fact is, the whole make-up of the lately domineering Ger- 
many educationally, commercially and industrially, was far more 
closely akin to the old North than to the old agricultural South ; 
and the leading principle of the war — the self-determination of 
nations — which Wilson has placed so splendidly before the world 
b identical with Southern aspirations in 1861. The Federal gov- 
ernment to-day is championing for Alsace and Lorraine, for 
Bohemia, for the Jugo Slavs, and many other peoples, the very 
principle which it denied in 1861 to the South occupying a terri- 
tory half the size of Europe and inhabited at present by a popula- 
tion of more than twenty millions of people. The South to-day 
is devoted to the Union, for the North, despite the utterances of 
some ill-advised writers, who cannot shake off the old prejudices 
and mistakes, is no longer of the imperialistic turn of the North 
of 1861. It has left the South to work out its own destinies and 
has come to recognize, as Britain has done, that there are other 
agencies than force which should r^^ate the relations of peoples 
and States with one another. 

Authorities : The True Story of AndersowuUle, by James 
Madison Page, Neale Publishing Company, New York, 1908; 
The Southern Side or AndersonvUle Prison, by R. R. Stevenson, 
M. D., TumbuU Brothers, Baltimore, 1876; Life of Jefferson 
Davis, by Armistead C. Gordon, Charles Scribner's Sons, New 
York, 1918 ; Letter of General Bennett H. Young in Confederate 
Veteran for November, 1918 ; Rise and Fall of the Confederate 
States Government, by Jefferson Davis ; Diary of Edmund Ruff in 
in William and Mary College Quarterly, XXI., 229-232, XXIII., 
41-45, 159, 169-171 ; A Constitutional View of the Late War Be- 
tween the States, by Alexander H. Stephens. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



152 William and Mary Quarterly 



SOUTHERN IDEALISM 

In the history of the United States one fact stands out con- 
spicuously, the superiority of Southern Idealism, as exemplified 
in the characters of its great men. This is not said idly or boast- 
fully. It is true. In physical, intellectual and moral qualities the 
Southern leaders have had no superiors in the history of the 
world. Washington, Henry, Jefferson, Madison, Marshall, GJ- 
houn, Davis, Stonewall Jackson and Lee were men not only of 
high intellectual power, great moral force, and cleanliness of liv- 
ing, but of attractive and commanding physical appearance. 
Slander assailed them, but no trustworthy evidence against the 
private life of any of them has ever been produced, and Washing- 
ton, Jefferson, and Lee were especially noble specimens of manly 
beauty. 

On the other hand, it is hard to pick out any Northern man 
who had not some fatal physical or moral defect Benjamin 
Franklin, astute, patriotic, and original, was morally impure, and 
there was a streak of cunning about him that prevents him from 
being an ideal ; Alexander Hamilton was a man of great genius, 
but his relations with women cannot bear examination; Daniel 
Webster was a man of great ability, imposing physically, and 
lovable in disposition, but he was so careless in many matters, 
especially money matters, that he can never be an ideal. Lincoln 
was a man of ability and shrewdness, but he was extremely 
ugly in appearance and loved vulgarity. The two finest specimens 
of Northern society were undoubtedly John Adams and John 
Quincy Adams. They were able, honest, laborious, chaste of life, 
and pure of speech, but idealism in the one was destroyed by his 
excessive vanity, and idealism in the other by his suspicious nature 
and bitter tongue. As a master of invective John Quincy Adams 
had few, if any, superiors. 

It has been reserved to a small State — Virginia — to present 
to the world the three most rounded historical characters — 
Washington, Jefferson and Lee — in each Mens sana in sano cor- 
pore. All the long history of England or France cannot present 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



William and Mary Quarterly 153 

anything like their equals. Pass in review the heroes of England 
— Cromwell, Marlborough, the elder, William Pitt, Wellington, 
&c., and in each some littleness will appear, which in spite of the 
greatness, sinks him to a distincter lower level and mars the ideal- 
ism he represents. Cromwell was a fanatic, Marlborough was 
purchasable, Pitt, the great orator and organizer, was vain and 
bombastic, Wellington, though a great soldier, was narrow and 
reactionary in his politics. 

Napoleon and Talleyrand were among the greatest French- 
men, but the first was a dangerous egotist and the second was a 
diplomatic trickster. 

Bismarck, Frederick, the Great, and now William II., pos- 
sessed great ability, but the unholy spirit of Prussianism made 
them aU three a curse rather than a blessing to the world. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



154 



WnxJAM AND Mary Quastekly 



CAROLINA COUNTY PERSONAL PROPERTY LIST 1783 



I ^ 



•s 



Anderson, John 
Anderson, James 
Anderson, Phebe 



I 
o? 



Buckner, George .... 
Buckner, Mordeda .. 
Buckner, George, Jr. 
Bailey, William 



Coleman, Daniel 

Conner, James 

Conner, William 

Coleman, Thomas 

Coleman, Julius 

Carter, George 

Coghill, Thos 4 

Carter, John 

Coghill, Frederick 

Carter, Joseph 

Chapman, George 

Chapman, William 

Cooper, Mary 

Conner, Frances 

Carter, Benj* 



Durrett, Richard 
Davey, William ., 
Donner, John . . . . 



Estes, John .. 
Estes, Elisha 






3 

2 

3 

2 

I 

II 

I 



536 

136 

..34 



13 15 13? 41 

I I 3 9 
6 II 



10 II 
5 4 



7 16 
S 6 
7 8 

3 
13 13 



5 

3 
I 

3 
I 

9 
3 



8 

3 
4 
5 
7 
I 
8 
I 
6 
6 
5 
4 
I 
6 
I 



19 
10 

27 

XI 

16 



13 
13 
19 
13 

6 

10 

7 



9 5 w 

3 3 
II 6 15 



7 37 
4 w 



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William and Mary Quarterly 



155 



Goodloe, Henry .. 
Goodwin, Coleman 

Hawes, Thomas .. 

Haw'es, Isaac 

Hawes, Samuel ... 

Johnston, Richard 

Jones, Moses 

Jones, William .... 

Lewis, Richard ... 

Lewis, Henry 

Long, John 

Marshall, Margarett 
McKinney, James 
Mitchell, Richard 
Mitchell, John .. 
Madison, George 



Oliver, John . . . 
Oliver, William 

Phlippo, Sarah . 
Phlippo, Joseph 
Pollett, John . 

Rogers, George 
Ross, Edw* .... 
Ross, Coleman .. 
Rennolds, Eliz* 
Robinson, George 
Robinson, Charles 

Stevens, Richard . 
Samuel, James . . . 
Summers, John .. 
Samuel, William . 
Scott, William .. 
Standley, John . . . 
Smythes, William 
Scott, Thomas .. 

Tiller, Thomas .. 
Tiller, Daniel .... 



4 


3 


2 


I 


6 


4 


3 


13 


.. 


I 


I 




M 


30 


14 


91 


13 


7 


14 


33 


.. 


... 


I 


4 


•• 


... 


2 


4 








2 


5 


• . 


I 


I 


4 


I 


... 


I 


4 


4 


7 


6 


19 


I 


2 


4 


12 


I 


. . • 


3 


6 


2 


5 


I 


13 


9 


9 


4 


28 


, , 


I 


3 


8 


I 


I 


3 


12 


•• 


I 


2 


4 


I 


... 


I 


... 


7 


14 


9 


16 


. . 


2 


3 


8 


• . 


. . . 


2 


4 


4 


2 


3 


II 


, , 


... 


2 


18 


•• 


I 


... 


• . . 


13 


7 


6 


25 


2 


4 


3 


6 




• . • 


2 


2 


9 


19 


6 


23 


2 


4 


3 


... 


I 


. . • 


3 


13 


, , 


... 


2 


6 


10 


8 


5 


28 


, , 


... 


I 


5 


• . 


... 


4 


II 



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156 



William and Masy Quarterly 



Vcvion [Vivion], Charles 2 ... 10 9 5 14 

Washington, John 2 ... 8 13 7 27 

Wilson, Abraham i ... 6 8 8 28 

Yates, Charles i ... 2 3 3 5 

Yates, James i 3 2 5 

Yates, Marshal i ... 2 2 i 2 

Yates, Michael 2 ... 13 7 13 28 

Stud horse 20/ 



Emmerson, Reuben 
Emmerson, William 

Edge, Benjn 

Partlow, John 

Cassell, John 

Branan, Thomas ... 
Wilson, Richard .., 



Armistead, John 2 



Baylor, Walker 

Bousn [Boush?], William 
Bunus [Bums?], Diana ... 
Bunus [Burns?], William . 
Bullard, Ambrose 



Chiles, John 

Coleman, John 

Coleman, Parish .... 

Casnall, Moses 

Casnall, William .... 
Casnall, Patrick . . . 
Collins, Thos. Estate 
Campbell, Joseph ... 

Collkis, John 

Coleman, Samuel ... 

Collins, James 

Chandler, Rob 

Coleman, Tho» 

Qeer, George 



Dismukes, W™ 

Dismukes, Reuben 



14 

I 

4 
4 

I 

5 

5 
3 



3 
6 

5 
8 
2 

9 
9 

I 

3 

5 



o 

2 
I 
3 
3 
I 

5 



ID 

3 
3 
6 

3 

7 
6 

5 



3 
8 

9 
6 

3 

4 

II 

I 

2 
I 



I 
4 
4 
6 

4 
I 

4 



9 
2 

3 
4 
3 



3 

2 

3 

8 

II 

5 

2 

7 
6 
2 

4 
3 



13 
10 

14 
16 

4 
II 



22 27 12 48 



24 

10 

21 

9 



4 22 

5 16 
3 12 
2 I 



10 

6 

17 

16 

19 
26 
8 
19 
48 

ID 

7 
9 



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William and Mary Quarterly 



157 



Evans, Robert 2 



Farish, Robert . 
Parish, Stevens 

Goodwin, Peter 
Grady, William 



Hudson, Benj° .... 
Haley, John, Estate 
Hacket, Martin .... 
Hampton, John .... 
Hemdon, David ... 
Hampton, George .. 
Hewlett, Richard .. 



Johnstpn, John .... 
Jones, Joseph .... 

Jones, Ann 

Jones, Thomas (D Clk) 

Jones, James 

Jones, Thomas (D. T.) 



Lightfoot, Philip . 
Lankford, Sarah .. 
Lankford, William 
Master, John 



Oliver, Nich* 



Rennolds, William 
Riddle, Rebecca . . . 



Smith, [Jury?] ...., 

Smelt, Anna , 

Samuel, Anthony ... 
Taliaferro, Sally .., 
Taliaferro, Robert .. 
(Horse £3.) 

Tyler, Richard 

Terrell, James 



I 
2 



II 17 
3 5 

S 10 



I 

6 
2 

ID 

4 
2 



8 

4 
12 

4 
3 
6 

27 
I 



5 

8 

2 
16 

4 
6 
I 

6 

6 

17 

7 

5 
6 

10 



5 20 
4 6 



5 
3 

3 
7 

2 

13 
3 
2 

3 

5 
6 

7 
4 

4 
6 



30 
14 

4 

14 

6 

55 
19 

ID 

6 

13 
16 
20 

ID 
ID 

34 



12 5 

2 9 

1 6 

2 8 



27 38 
25 34 

8 13 



4 12 

2 2 

2 ... 

6 II 

14 29 

18 70 



4 
d 



19 
8 



Vaughan, Cem* 2 



18 



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158 



William and Mary Quarterly 



Wright, Elizabeth 

Winston, Nathaniel 2 

Winston, Anthony i 

Harris, Thomas i 

Daves, Spilsby i 

Anderson, Garland i 

Arnold, James i 



8? 7 
9 6 
I 3 



12 10 
I 



2 
2 



14 
13 



7 25 
3 4 



Brown, Rachel 



Chewning, Samuel i ... i 5 2 6 

Clark, John i ... 9 12 10 38 

Coats, Thomas 2 ... 3 10 4 20 

Durrett, John 2 ... 6 i 5 14 



Durrett, Joel 

Durrett, William 
Durrett, George . 
Durrett, Henry .. 



Portion [Fortune?] Frederick 

Oliver, Steven 

Oliver, Richard 



Harris, John 

Hackney, John 

Hudson, William 

Hodges, Francis 

Heggen, James 

Heggen, Joel 

Heggen, W™ Jun"" 

Heggen, W» 2 



2 4 3 10 
2 2 4 II 
5 4 4 20 
2526 



I 
3 
3 

2 
4 

5 

2 

4 

2 

5 



8 
7 

4 
10 

2 
13 

7 
12 

7 
21 



Johnston, Jedediah 2 

Jones, John 

Johnston, Eliz* 

Johnston, Daniel 



Mason, George 

Stud horse ii(?) 12) 

Mooreman, Achiles 

Marshall, William 



2 
II 



2 
17 



5 
6 



4 
5 
6 



10 

8 
16 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



William and Mary Quarterly 



159 



Marshall, Elizabeth 
Mason, Elizabeth .. 



Newton, Mary . 
Phillips, George 



Quarles, Roger .... 
Stanfield, Ephraim 
Sharp, George .... 
Shields, Cris? .... 



Tompkins, James 

Tyler, William 

Tompkins, Francis 

Thackfield, Thacker ... 
Tompkins, Benjamin ... 
Winn, Benj» (Stud 3 s) 
Wiglesworth, William . 

Wright, William 

Winn, Jesse 

Winn, Tavemer 

White, Francis 



Harris, Judah . 
Harris, William 



Yarbrough, Henry 
Hackney, John Jun' 

Swily, David 

Durrett, Francis ... 
Almond, William . 

Parker, Alex"- 

Martin, John 

Wright, Tho 

Durrett, William . . . 



AlcWilUam .... 
Allen, Erasmus 
Allen, Thomas . 



Baylor, George . 
Burch, Benj» .., 
Burton, Ann .... 
Brown, William 



8 



18 
8 

14 
13 



13 


18 


6 


34 


3 


I 


5 


5 




. • • 


I 


6 


•• 


... 


2 


4 


6 


7 


3 


19 


15 


9 


10 


73 


6 


4 


5 


17 


.. 


... 


2 


2 


13 


16 


5 


24 


5 


4 


6 


15 


3 


2 


6 


18 


9 


5 


6 


II 


4 


I 


3 


ID 


4 


5 


5 


12 


3 


6 


3 


10 


2 




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7 


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13 


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3 


8 


.. 


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2 


4 


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3 


II 


6 


13 


5 


8 


6? 


7 


3 

2 


16 




2 


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7 


5 


7 


20 


, , 


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. . . 


3 


7 


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... 


2 


6 


38 


41 


22 


32 


4 


12 


9 


39 


3 


2 


7 


10 


I 


I 


3 


7 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i6o 



William and Mary Quarterly 



Brown, John 

Burrus, John 

Chewning, William 
Cannon, Joseph . . . 
Cannon, Mary .... 
Cannon, John .... 
Carpenter, Nath' . 
Chewning, Janett . 
Chewning, William 
Chewing, John . . 
Chiles, Henry Jun"" 
Chiles, Thomas .. 
Chiles, William ... 
Chiles, Esther .... 
Chiles, Jemima ... 
Chiles, Henry .... 
Chiles, Manoah . . 

Clocy, Cato 

Carter, Peter 

Cobb, Robert .... 
Chivers, John .... 
Cheadle, Judith . . . 
Cullen, Charles . . 

Cobb, David 

Chandler, Timothy 
Coleman, Tho* ... 

Duke, James 

Dick, Archibald .. 
Dickenson, David . 
Dickenson, Thos, Jun*" 
Dickenson, Nathl. W» 
Dickenson, Thos. Sen' 

Daniel, Edmd 

Dickenson, Benj* .. 
Dickenson, William 
Dickenson, James .. 
Davis, Philip 



Estis, Philip (stud Lorse 20/) 
Eubank, Royal 

Fortson[?], Stephen 

Floyd, James 



I ... 4 




4 


6 


I 


... 


2 


2 


I ... 3 




3 


7 


I 




I 


4 





... 


2 


7 


I 


. . • 


I 


3 


6 




2 


9 


I 


. . . 


2 


7 


I ... 0? 




I? 


4 


I ... 




I 


4 


I ... 3 




3 


II 


I ... 2 




4 


19 


. ... 2 




I 


6 


I 3 




4 


19 


I ... 3 




4 


16 


III 




3 


7 


I 




I 




I 




I 




I I 4 




6 


21 


I 


... 


2 


5 


I 7 




5 


24 


III 




2 


4 


I ... I 




3 


4 


I ... ... 




I 




I ... 2 




4 


24 


I ... 


... 


I 


... 


I 8 


13 


9 


26 


I ... 4 


6 


5 


IS 


I ... 3 


5 


4 


II 


2 ... 3 


2 


5 


12 


I ... 5 


2 


4 


24 


I 




3 


4 


I ... I 




I 


3 


2 . . . 10 


5 


6 


22 


I ... 2 


I 


2 


18 


I ... 2 


2 


4 


3 


I ... 5 


3 


6 


28 


I 


... 


I 


I 


Ill 


2 


I 


10 


I ... I 


• • • 


2 


2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



William and Mary Quarterly 



i6i 



Faulkner, Johnston i i 6 ii 5 17 

Fulchcr, Sarah 2 8 

Fitzhugh, John i ... 11 12 9 20 



Garlick, John 2 

George, Lucy 

George, John, Sen"" 

Godbey, John 

Gatewood, James 



Haley, Humphy . . . 
Hargrove, Jesse .. 
Hewlett, William . 
Hargrove, Samuel 
Hackett, Thomas . 

Hatton, John 

Harper, William .. 

Harris, James 

Hollaway, Nathan 
Hicks, William ... 



Johnston, Benj^ 
Jones, John .... 



Lenry, John . . . 
Lenry, Micajah 
Luck, Nathan .. 
Lucas, Edmund 



I 
o? 



10 

5 
8 



4 
5 
5 
I 

4 



9 

4 
9 

I 
II 

9 
7 
7 
2 

I 



29 
13 
12 

2 
16 

14 
II 

25 

9 

15 

2 

4 
26 

5 



18 
4 



5 12 

I 3 

5 8 

2? 3 



Minor, Thomas 9 ... 3 ... 

Munah, Mark i i 2 2 

Minor, John i ... 15 22 8 24 

Minor, Vivion i ... 7 13 5 20 

Muklebury(?), Robert i ... 8 7 13? 15 

Mills, Thompson i ... 2 ... i 6 

McGee, Ann 7 10 4 21 

McGee, Joseph i ... 2 4 2 10 



New, Anthony i 



10 



16 



Parish, Timothy i 

Phlippo, William 

Phlippo, John i 

Phlippo, Joseph i 



3 
2 

I ... 
I 2 



ID 
3 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l62 



William and Mary Quarterly 



Quarles, William 2 



21 



Reimolds, Elizabeth 

Rennolds, Rob i 

Rennolds, Jacob i 

Russell, John i 

Redd, Samuel 2 

Redd, WilUam i 



5 
2 

9 
9 



3 

I 

3 
9 
9 



10 
20 
32 



Stears, Achilles i 

Southworth, William i 

Southworth, William, S. W. i 

Sutton, John Jun*" i 

Seaser, John i 

Scott, John 

Spearman, John 2 



2 

8 

I 

13 



I 
2 

I 

3 
2 

3 
4 



4 
5 

8 

8 

6 

15? 



Tenell [Terrell?] Christopher 
Tenell [Terrell?], Thomas ... 
Tennell [Terrell], George .... 

Tenell [Terrell], Charles 

Trivillian, Thomas 

Trivillian, Thomas Jun"" 

Tribble, George 

Tribble, Joseph 

Thompson, John Sen"" 

Thompson, John Jun' 

Tiller, Ann 

Tampler, John 

Tayler, Richard Sq 

Tinsley, William 

Tompkins, Ann 

Tompkins, Robert 

Taylor, William 

Temple, Samuel 

Tyter [Tyler], George 

Tribble, George Jno 

Thilman, John 

Thihnan, Paul 



Wright, David 

Wyatt, Richard Sen"" 
Wyatt, Richard Jun"" 
Wortham, Charles .. 



0? 



3 
4 
4 
4 
3 
3 
I 

8 

I 



2 

3 
I 8 
o? 16 

12 

8 

1 12 

4 

I 

2 13 

3 
2 



I 
8 
6 
6 

I 



9 
2 
I 

I 
4 
2 

9 

17 

I 

13 
12 

20 

I 



3 
6 

5 
3 
2 

I 
I 

I 

3 

2 
2 

4 

3 
4 
7 
I 
8 
6 
I 

II 
5 



20 

25 
13 
26 
16 

4 

3 

31 

8 

ID 

6 
17 
19 
37 

2 
40 
32 

2 
40 

6 



I 2 4 
8 ID 63 
7 5 26 
523 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



William and Mary Quarterly 



163 



Wortham, Marg^ 6 i 2 8 

Woolfolk, Elizabeth i ... 5 4 3 20 

Winston, Samuel i ... 2 6 3 2 



Young, Joseph i 

Young, John i 

Young, Nath* 



Turner, Daniel i 



12 



Berkley, Edmd, Esq i 

Bullard, Lewis i 

Baynham, Gregory i 

Barlon, William i 

Brame, Milckz'^ i 

Brame, William i 

Baber, James i 

Baughan, Benj^ i 

Burrus[?], Samuel i 

Butler, John i 

Burk, John 2 



14 


24 


5 


22 


4 


3 


4 


8 


3 


3 


.6 


8 


2 


6 


3 


II 


7 


5 


6 


34 


3 


5 


3 


IS 


2 


9 


4 


16 


I 


3 


4 


8 


7 


6 


7 


26 


4 


I 


3 


16 


12 


17 


8 


31 



(To be continued) 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



164 William and Mary Quarterly 

FREDERICKSBURG IN REVOLUTIONARY DAYS 
PART II. 

In November, 1775, Harrower tells us of a muster of the 
minute men of the district, composed of the counties of Spot- 
sylvania, Caroline, King George, and Stafford, which was held 
at "Belvideira," below the town. In the list of members of the 
Spotsylvania committee of safety chosen by direction of ordi- 
nance of convention on November 17th, of this year, by an as- 
sembly of freeholders of the county, meeting in Fredericksburg- 
we find the town represented by Fielding Lewis, Charles Wash- 
ington, George Thornton and Hugh Mercer. 

Throughout the Revolutionary War Fredericksburg was a 
center of distinction. "There is not one spot in the State so gen- 
erally useful in our military operations," wrote James Mercer 
in April, 1781. 

The spring of 1781 witnessed in Virginia that remarkable 
campaign of the gallant young Marquis de LaFayette ; the won- 
derfully conducted retreat from Richmond leading Comwallis 
away from that important center and attempting a juncture with 
Wayne, who was on his way from Pennsylvania with reinforce- 
ments. With barely a handful of men, the majority of them raw 
militiamen, the Marquis was opposed by a veteran leader with 
"a superior force of veteran troops." Without the slightest idea 
of the route Wayne would take, but supposing it would be by 
way of Fredericksburg, LaFayette headed for the Rappahannock. 
"Comwallis comprehended the movement," says Charlemagne 
Tower, "and was advancing to cut him off." The upshot of this 
brilliant manoeuvre on the part of LaFayette was to land Com- 
wallis at Cook's Ford on the Northanna River, where he seemed to 
realize the futility of a longer chase. " The boy's* legs, directed 
by an exceptional intelligence had outwitted the experienced 
leader." LaFayette finally made the juncture with Wayne to- 
wards the close of the month at Raccoon Ford. Here in germ, it 
has been said, was the ultimate victory of Yorktown. Those who 



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William and Mary Quarterly 165 

wish to follow the campaign of LaFayette should by all means 
do so in Charlemagne Tower's classic. 

Fredericksburg was presumably the objective of the Britisher's 
rampage. The invaluable Iron Works, the manufactory of small 
arms, many military stores, destruction of them would mean de- 
livery of an irrecoverable blow to Virginia. Panic struck to the 
heart of Fredericksburg, "Comwallis is coming, Comwallis is 
coming." Through the streets rang the cry, taken up by the sur- 
rounding countryside. Forward had gone the order of LaFayette 
to General Weedon, who held command at this important point: 
"Collect the militia." Alert, efficient, his trustworthiness and 
ability well proved long ere that day, Weedon dispatched his 
couriers. In several letters from his pen (bearing date from the 
first of June onward), which have been preserved, he tells the 
story of these exciting days. Sending forward Spotsylvania and 
Carolina militia under Colonel Johnston to join LaFayette, he 
summoned the King George and Stafford men to assemble on 
Hunter's Heights: the Stafford hills above Falmouth, which are 
plainly visible from the upper end of the town. In these let- 
ters General Weedon graphically describes the distress of fleeing 
inhabitants, the securing of military stores, of the assembling of 
the militia. However, the suspense was not for long ; the tense- 
ness of the situation seems to have been shortly relieved; the 
enemy was diverted. In a letter from Camp Hunter's Heights, 
June 10, 1 781, addressed to Colonel Edwin Conway, commanding 
the Lancaster militia. General Weedon wrote, "Inclosed I send 
you extract of Marquis's orders, which first induced me to call 
you. The enemy were then advancing rapidly, and this quarter 
was judged to be their object. Their operations pointing to an- 
other leaves room to suppose we shall not be visited this time." 
(See Appendix 7.) 

Going back several months prior to the great disturbance of the 
spring of 1781, we discover an incident in Fredericksburg's hisr 
tory of great interest, and of marked significance. In a letter 
under date of January 4, 1781, to his excellency, Thomas Jeffer- 
son, Governor of Virginia, Charles Dick writes: "I have just 
time to acquaint you that the gentlemen of this town and even the 



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i66 William and Mary Quarterly 

ladies have very spiritedly attended at the gunnery and assisted 
to make up already above 20,000 cartridges with bullets, from 
which the Spotsylvania militia and the militia of Caroline have 
been supplied." The movements of Benedict Arnold in lower 
Virginia were, no doubt, responsible for this hurried call for an 
increased supply of ammunition. 

How well does this incident serve to illustrate the vital con- 
nection between the people of all ages. In hours of necessity 
the loyal, the truly patriotic never fail to do whatsoever 
their hands find to do : men and women alike. He who created 
them, male and female, gave to them dominion. One of 
the strangest paradoxes of war is that in the heart of its 
wildness and with things innumerable to be done, vision seems to 
be clearer and the superficial distinctions which have grown with 
civilization are swept away and we behold the essential one-ness 
of all living human beings. We find a thousand and one things 
which have been deemed men's work being done most splendidly 
by women; and many of the pieces of women's work so-called 
being done by men. Women have strong hands as well as strong 
and tender hearts, and men have a tenderness in touch and a tone 
of sympathy in voice, and gentle hearts as well as strong arms. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 167 



APPENDIX 7 

[From Papers Relating Chiefly to the Maryland Line During the 
Revolution. Edited by Thomas Balch. Philadelphia; printed for the 
Seventy Six Society. T. K. & P. G. Collins, Printers. 1857] 

General Weedon to The Marquis De Lafayette 

Fredericksburg, June i, 1781 
9 o'clock P. M. 
Dr. Marquis: 

The inclosed was this moment put into my hands. I intended moving 
to-night with the small handful of men at this place, but not being able 
to remove the stores and disperse the tobacco, as mentioned to you this 
morning, have risked your censure for the completion of this object, well 
knowing that a few men added to your operating force, could have but 
small weight in ansrthing decisive, whereas, their assistance in getting out 
of the way of the enemy such stores and other articles as they now make 
an object of, might retard their movements, and prove the salvation of 
this town. I hope I have not displeased you when I add that the Stafford 
and King Geqrge militia are assembling on the Heights at Hunter's works, 
no one to arrange or dispose of them, no one to direct the supplies for 
Gen. Wayne, no one to transact the smallest piece of business here but 
myself. Surrounded with calls of every nature, and under the application 
of every denomination, I have trusted to your candor till I hear from you 
again. I shall send out flour in the morning, have laid in a supply of 
spirits and bacon, which can be drawn occasionally for the troops; I am 
dispersing the tobacco, and arming in the best manner the militia coming 
in, have sent parties to press all the horses from before the enemy's ad- 
vance, and in the very great confusion occasioned by false alarms, am 
obliged to attend to every department. I am however, ready at a moments 
warning, and only wait the return of this express. With the most per- 
fect esteem, I am /r most 

ob't SerVt, 

G. Weedon 
General Weedon to the Marquis De Lafayette 

Camp Hunter's Heights 
June 4th, 1781 
Dear Marquis: 

I was honoured with yours of 3rd instant, last evening. Colonel 
Johnston's regiment, consisting of the Caroline and Spotsylvania militia, 
marches to join you immediately on the receipt of your orders, those were 
all the men I had from the south of Rappahannoc. The King George and 



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i68 William and Mary Quarterly 

Sta£Ford militia are here, amounting to 250 men. I finished the removal of 
all the stores from Fredericksburg yesterday except forage and some Indian 
meal. It will be out of my power to take oflF the former for want of 
wagons. I have had parties out to impress, but being composed of noth- 
ing but militia, whose exertions may easily be diverted, have not been able, 
as yet to procure any. Indeed so distressing is the scene displayed by 
the inhabitants who are flying with their families, that I have in some 
measure risked the stores rather than add to their calamity. In con- 
sequence of the enemy's advance I called in the militia of the lower 
counties in the Northern neck. Inclosed is a copy of Colonel Lee's letter 
in answering. King George Court House, where I think they will 
rendezvous, is twenty five miles from hence. These men will assemble 
in a day or two. Be so obliging as to give me your advice on the propriety 
of ordering them higher up, or holding them at that place. This will no 
doubt depend on yours and the enemy's movements. I had also ordered 
down the Prince William men, and yesterday received a letter from the 
Commanding oflScer, copy have ako the honor to inclose. The men can 
be armed by moving down, as no doubt all the arms coming from Phila- 
delphia will change their route and cross at Norman's Ford. Would thank 
you to order all that can be spared from your army to me, to put in the 
hands of the unarmed men coming in. The next brigade of wagons com- 
ing from you for flour had better cross the river at some of the fords 
and proceed to this place. I was this morning advised of the enemy's 
falling back. 

I have the honor to be with 

Much esteem and Reg'd 

Yr Ob't Serv't, 

G. Weedon 

This will be delivered to you by Col. Willis, whom I sent back to 
Frederick County for Riflemen. He will inform you of the situation of the 
back counties, in consequence of the insurgents in Hampshire. 

General Weedon to Colonel Lee 

Camp Hunter's Heights 
June 6th, 1781. 
Dear Sir, 

So soon as the troops from the lower counties assemble at the place 
of general rendezvous, they are to be consolidated and formed into regi- 
ments, viz: I Captain, 2 Subs; 5 Sergeants, 50 rank and file comprising 
a company. Four companies to each Battalion to be commanded by a 
Major. Two Battalions make a Regiment to be commanded by a Colonel 



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William and Mary Quarterly 169 

By thb establishment a regiment consists of one Colonel, two Majors, 
eight Captains, sixteen Subs one to act as Adjutant to each battalion, 
forty Sergeants and four hundred rank and file. Any supernumerary 
officers after completing the arrangement might, if you think proper, have 
permission to return home. 

The men over and above a regiment, must be completed to com- 
panies as far as this will go. After making this arrangement you will 
please encamp your men and hold them ready to move at a moment's 
warning advising me of your place of rendezvous and operating strength. 
I must earnestly entreat you to lose no time in getting into condition, as 
perhaps you may be immediately called on. 

You will please appoint an Adjutant to each battalion, who must be 
a commissioned officer. You will also appoint a Commissary and Quarter 
Master to each battalion till further directions. I would recommend it to 
the troops to take as little baggage as possible, the greatest difficulty 
attends procuring Wagons to move them. 

I am. Sir your obed't Serv't 

G. Weedon, B. G. 

P. S. Captain Joel will have the honor of delivering you this. I have 
sent him down to assist you in arranging the troops, and beg the liberty 
of introducing him to your cirtities. 
[Endorsed] 

Copy to Col. Richard Henry Lee or the officer Commanding the 
Militia from the lower Counties. 

General Weedon to Colonel Moylan 

Camp Hunter's Heights 
June 8, 1781 
Dear Colonel : 

I am just from the Marquis' camp, who labors under the every dis- 
advantage for want of horse. He is informed 60 of your regiment is 
ordered to the southward and requested me to drop you a line with his 
compliments, well knowing that a knowledge of his situation would be a 
sufficient inducement to hurry you on. Indeed he is to be pitied. The 
enemy have near 400 cavalry, he has only 40 that can be called established 
dragoons; this superiority of horse gives the enemy a decided advantage 
and subjects his parties to every evil. In short, if he is not speedily re- 
inforced they must over run our country. Understanding you are in 
Philadelphia, I refer you to my friend Grayson for news and am with 
perfect esteem. 

Yr Ob'd't Se'v't 

G. Weedon 
[Endorsed] CoL Moylan 



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170 William and Mary Quarterly 

General Weedon to CoL J. A. Washington 

Camp Hunter's Heights 
June 8th, 1781 
My Dear Colonel : 

I am this evening advised by letter from Colonel Richard Henry Lee 
of an hostil appearance in the Potomac Under these considerations I 
cannot think of drawing you from your own County, nor indeed any of 
the Colonels from below. I have therefore sent a regular officer (CoL 
William Nelson) to take command of all troops in motion from that quarter 
and must request you and the other Colonels to return to their different 
Counties for the purpose of drawing out and arranging the other half 
your armed men should the report be of a serious nature. 

I have sent down to halt the men marching to this place till we can 
more clearly ascertain the truth of this account for which purpose I have 
ordered down an officer to get full information. 

With perfect esteem 

Your Ob'd't Serv't 



G. Weedon. 



To Col. Jno. A. Washington 



General Weedon to Col. Edwin Conway 

Camp Hunter's Heights 
June ID, 1781 
Dear Sir: 

In consequence of your favor I have sent an express to the Marquis 
describing the situation of the lower counties, and have no doubt but the 
troops will be counter marched. I must however request you to halt on 
the receipt of this till you hear further from me. Inclosed I send you 
extract of the Marquis' orders which first induced me to call on you. The 
enemy were then advancing rapidly and this quarter was judged to be their 
object Their operations pointing to another leaves room to suppose we 
shall not be visited this time. You shall hear from me the moment the 
express arrives. 

I am with perfect esteem 

Your ob'd't Serv't 

G. Weedon B. G. 
Col. Edwin Conway, 

Lancaster Co. 
[Endorsed] Copy of a circular letter to the County Lieutenants in the 
lower Cos. of the Northern Neck. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 171 

General Weedon to Mr. John Richards 

June 14th,/ 81 
To Mr. John Richards, 
Sir 

You will take charge of five wagons, impressed by the D. Q. M. G. 
and with them proceed to Fauquier Court House, where are seven hun- 
dred and fifty stand of arms left there by some wagons from Philadelphia 
contrary to orders. You will load your wagons with those arms and proceed 
by the nearest route to the Honorable Major General the Marquis le 
Fayettes Quarters to whom you will communicate your charge and after 
delivering them agreeable to his order, you will return to this place. All 
officers civil and military, are requested to be aiding and assisting in this 
important business. 

G. Weedon, B. G. 

Given at Fredericksburg, 14th June, 1781. 



General Weedon to (probably Gov. Nelson.) 

Fredericksburg, Jtme 15, 1781. 
My Dear Sir, 

I am honored with your gen'l report of yesterda/s date and most 
perfectly approve every measure you have adopted. The whole is 
truly military and deserves my warmest thanks. The distresses our coun- 
try men feel where the enemy penetrate and the propriety of affording 
every opportunity of cultivating their fields to the more peaceable quarters 
induced me to send an express to the Marquis to know his pleasure with 
respect to sending the troops in the Neck to their different Counties. 
Under certain restrictions he seems to think that while Potomac is only 
threatened with plundering parties it is better to do so. I would therefore 
request you to send the Richmond and Westmoreland troops home on 
furlough; writing to the Lieutenants of Northtmiberland and Lancaster 
to take the same steps with their men keeping at the same time the best 
look out, and on any appearance of a hostil nature that may be considered in 
force the whole must assemble at one point and act as occasion may 
require. I should think it of the greatest importance could you establish 
(previous to your sending the men home) a compact Legion of Volun- 
teers young men who have no families to act as a party of observation and 
afford their general assistance to any of the lower counties that may be 
invaded by plundering parties this command both of horse and foot, given 
to a discreet active officer and one of a thorough knowledge in the dif- 
ferent counties and shores. He should be directed to change his ground 
often and never to act on a local principal, but to attend to the protection 
of the four lower counties while the farmers in their exposed ports are 
getting in their harvest and cultivating their com fields. The four counties 



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172 William and Mary Quarterly 

ought to send a proportion of volunteers to this corps. As the men now 
sent home on furlough are ready for duty in the shortest warning they 
should have every indulgence from the officers commanding in the counties ; 
and never be called on but when danger of a serious nature appears. Be- 
fore you break up your camp, I beg you to thoroughly investigate the 
conduct of Joel's prisoners and carry the laws in such cases into full 
execution. The enemy lay opposite Elk Island ; a part of their army were 
on the I2th at B)rrd's Ordinary 13 miles below the Marquis who had thrown 
himself between the British and our stores and now commands the upper 
counties. I wrote him for permission to join his army m3rself if he ap- 
proved sending the troops home. He will not agree to it, nor can I in that 
case agree to your leaving me. I shall be glad however to see you soon 
after arranging your military matters below. I am with perfect respect 
and esteem. 

yr Ob'd't Serv't 

G. Weedon 
(I send my compliments to JoeL) 



General Weedon to Col. Skinker 

Fredericksburg June 15, 1781. 
Dr. Colo : 

On the enemy's pointing to James River, I wrote the Marquis on the 
propriety of sending the troops drawn out in the Northern Neck to their 
different counties under certain restrictions till danger might again threaten 
this quarter and have this morning received his approbation. You will 
therefore be so good as to permit your five divisions to return to their 
fields on furlough holding every thing in perfect readiness to act on the 
shortest warning. I am made happy at having it in my power to grant 
this indulgence in a regular manner, and hope you will so arrange your 
defences as to give such future assistance as the calls of your Country may 
require. The enemy are opposite Elk Island, a part of them were at Birds 
Ordinary the 12th inst 13 miles below the Marquis who has thrown him- 
self between them and our stores and now conunands the upper country. 

I am, With esteem and respect, 

Your Ob't Serv't 

G. Weedon, B. G. 
To Colo. Skinker. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 173 

General Weedon to Col. Hendriqucs 

Fredericksburg June 16, 1781 
Dr. Colo: 

Inclosed is a copy of a letter from our friend Grayson; I must re- 
quest you will send one of your assistance immediately to Noland's Ferry 
and order him to conform to the enclosed instructions. The enemy are 
falling down towards Richmond. The Marquis pressing forward with a 
good countenence. Be so good as to forward the letter to Col. Grayson 
by the chain of expresses. 

I am with much esteem and regard, 
Your Ob't Serv't, 

G. Weedon, B. G. 
To Col. Hendriques. 



General Weedon to 

Fredericksburg June 17, 1781. 
Dear Sir: 

The situation of the Marquis La Fayette makes it absolutely necessary 
he should be speedily and powerfully reinforced with cavalry. I must there- 
fore request you to push forward your detachment with all possible expedi- 
tion as much depends on his being succored with horse. 

I am Sir Your most ob't Serv't 

G. Weedon, B. G. 
[Endorsed] To Officer commanding Horse from Maryland. 

General Weedon to Marquis La Fayette 

Fredericksburg, June 18, 1781. 
Dr. Marquis : 

The Want of wagons prevents my sending off the supplies so soon as 
mentioned to you in my last. I am flattered with the expectation of a con- 
siderable quantity of them and to procure a still further supply have written 
a circular letter to the counties as per annexed and would have extended it 
to others had I a probability of conveyance. 

Mr Harvey who will have the honor of handing you this wishes to em- 
ploy a fine brig he has in this river as a flat and should the executive grant 
him this privilege shall esteem your friendly attention to him as a particu- 
lar favor. Colo. James Innes writes me this evening from the Bowling 
Green that he will be here tomorrow morning with a fine troop of horse 
rabed in Gloucester ; he will join you so soon as his horses are shod. 



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174 William and Mary Quarterly 

His troop consist of thirty-six. I am happy to hear the horse from 
Maryland were yesterday at Georgetown where they will meet my express 
and hurry them on, these two corps will I expect amomit to near a hundred 
horse and will join you immediately. 



General Weedon's Circular Mentioned in the foregoing letter: 

Fredericksburg, i8 June, 1781 
Sir: — 

The Marquis la Fayette's army is greatly distressed for want of bacon, 
salt, fish, rum, whiskey or brandy, vinegar and shoes. Any of those arti- 
cles which may be already collected under the specific tax (except those 
in the hands of the County Lieutenant for the eighteen month's men) 
must be forwarded as directed below; but such as are not included or 
raised by that tax you will endeavor to obtain from the inhabitants by 
reasonable purchase granting your certificates but on their refusing in 
the present exigency I am compelled to desire you will procure them by 
military impress without injuring individuals materially which your own 
good judment will direct 

You will immediately after the collection forward them on by wagon 
to the Marquis' camp by safest route under a careful conductor. 

Circular letter from Gen. Weedon to Commissioners of > 

Spotsylvania, King George, Prince William, Westmoreland, Sta£Ford, 
Caroline, Fairfax, Middlesex, Loudon, Fauquier Cotmties. 



General Weedon to Marquis La Fayette 

Fredericksburg 26 June, 1781 
Dear Marquis: 

I only this moment received yours of the 21st instant; have the honor 
of transmitting some papers that lead to a discovery of very great [vil- 
lainy?] carrying on the counties of Essex and Middlesex. The principal 
characters are ascertained; their conduct, with the original papers, I have 
reported to the Executive in hope of rigerous measures being directed and 
exemplary punishment inflicted on such notorious offenders. I should not 
have troubled you with the tedious perusal of the inclosed documents, but 
thinking you might probably take measures to intercept General Leslie's 
letter to Lord Comwallis, of which Carre makes particular mention as 
being sent by a trusty person as per No. 2. This Carre b the same fellow 
Captain McClane took up; who returned up the Bay in your Barge and 
whom r had sent from Williamsburg to Richmond for trial. Mr. Willis' 
letter needs no explanation; for it points to us the source from whence 
those rascals get supplied. Something further may transpire in your camp. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 175 

Any papers falling into the hands of your parties may be worth examination- 
Captain Joel, whom I had sent down to Gwin's Island, in consequence of 
Colonel Lee's intelligence, has through his activity made the discovery. 

I have ever been of opinion they Would finally settle in Williamsburg. 
The advantages of the position — the principal country from thence to 
Hampton covered by a few redoubts ; the advantages of navigation on both 
banks, added to the idea of setting up their temporary government, were 
reasons that led me to think they would endeavor to sit down at that 
place. However, if we can prevent a chain from Queen's to Colage 
Creeks I think his Lordship will find us very troublesome subjects. Still I 
don't think our time has come to risk anything of a serious nature. Close 
skirmishing may be proper but a general rout to us would be ruinous. The 
events of war turning on so nice a pivot will naturally check military 
ardour when so much is at stake. And to frustrate those mighty cham- 
pions and circtmiscribe their depredations is, and will be considered a vic- 
tory to this country. Colonel Grayson writes me of the i8th, dispatches 
were handed to the minister, announcing the arrival of a six gun ship, two 
frigates, with several transports, at Boston, having on board 1200 recruits 
and military stores, for the French army at Rhode Island. He further 
adds that General Samallwood is almost ready to march with five hundred 
new levies, and Morgan will certainly set out the beginning of next week 
with 60 horse. 

P. S. Should the enemy establish at Williamsburg, will it not be 
necessary to turn out the defences at Gloucester against * * * to pre- 
vent penetration from that place. 

(To be continued) 



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176 William and Mary Quarterly 

GREENESVILLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA, MILITIA LISTS 

(Concluded) 

Order Book III 

Nov. 28, 1799, John Justice, Capt. in Mil. of this Co. took 
oath of office to support the Constitution, etc. (p. i.) 

Jan. 23, 1800, Carrol Grigg & John Camp, Captains of Mil. of 
this Co. take oaths of office, etc. (p. 14.), & Henry Mabry is 
recommended same day to the Governor as Ensign in Mil. of this 
Co. in place of Nathan Mabry, who is advanced to Lieutenant. 

Feb. 3, 1800, Edmund Lucas, Major of 2d Bat. of Mil. of this 
Co. took oath of office, etc. (p. 16.) 

March 11, 1800, Henry Avent is recommended to the Gov. to 
execute office of Lieut, in room of John Justice, who is advanced 
to rank of Capt. & Henry Peters as Ensign in room of Thomas 
Graves Randle, advanced in Mil. of this County, (p. 26.) 

April 14, 1800, Person Williamson qualified to his Commis- 
sion as Major of the ist Battalion of this County, (p. 35.) 

May 12, 1800, Henry Avent, Lieut, of Mil. of this Co. took 
oath of office, etc. (p. 36.) 

June 14, 1800, Daniel Robinson, Lieutenant of Militia of this 
County took oath of office, (page 51.) 

November 10, 1800, Henry Mabry, Ensign in the Militia of 
this County took oath of office, (p. 78.) 

Sept. 8, 1800, Littleberry Robinson rec'd to the Gov. as proper 
person to execute the office of Ensign in Capt. John Justice's Co. 
in room of Henry Peters, resigned, (p. 65.) 

Dec. 9, 1809, Richard Crump, Capt. in room of Capt. Simon 
Turner, resigned, James Clark as Lieut. & Isaac Fox as Ensign, 
and Benj. Qark as Capt. in room of Turner Williamson, resigned, 
John Turner as Lieut. & Willie Clark as Ensign, are recommended 
to the Gov. in Council as proper persons to execute said offices in 
the Mil. of this County according to law. (p. 95.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 177 

Jan. 12, 1801, George Cain rec'd to Gov. for Capt. Mil of this 
Co. in room of John Camp, resigned & James Lanier as Lieut, 
in room of George Cain, the former Lieut, to Capt. Crumps* Co. 
(p. 98.) 

May II, 1801, Nathaniel Mabry rec'd to Governor for Capt. 
Mil. in room of Carrol Grigg, resigned, & Henry Mabry as Lieut, 
in room of Nath. Mabry, the former Lieut, in Capt. Grigg's Com- 
pany, (p. 127.) 

Sept. 14, 1800, Person Williamson rec'd to Gov. to execute of- 
fice of Lieut. Colonel Commandant of Mil. in room of Joseph 
Wilkinson, resigned. And Edmund Lucas is rec'd Major of the 
1st Bat. of Mil. in room of said Person Williamson, advanced as 
above, (p. 160.) 

April 10, 1 801, Benj. Qark & Richard Crump as Capts. & 
James Qark as Lieut, of Militia of this Co. severally take oaths 
of office, (p. 121.) 

Jan. II, 1802, Michael Wall, Capt. of Artillery Co. & James 
Wall, 1st Lieut, in said Artillery Co. & Wm. Stewart, Major of 
the 1st Bat. of Mil. & John Fennell, as Capt. of Mil. of this Co. 
took oaths of office, (p. 190.) 

May ID, 1802, Isaac Fox, Ensign in Mil. of this Co. took oath 
of office etc. (p. 217.) 

June 15, 1802, Person Williamson, Lieut. Col. Com. of Mil. of 
this Co. took oath of office, etc. (p. 227.) 

July 12, 1802, Henry Wyche, Lieut, of Mil. of this Co. having 
qualified to his Commission before Jordin Richardson, Gent., the 
same is ordered to be certified, (p. 233.) 

Oct. 12, 1 801, Wm. Stewart rec'd to Gov. as proper person to 
execute the office of Major to 2d Bat. of Mil. of this Co. in room 
of Edmund Lucas who is advanced to Major of the ist Bat. John 
Fennell rec'd as Capt. in room of Capt. John Robinson resigned, & 
Henry Wyche, Jr., rec'd as Lieut, in room of Daniel Robinson, re- 
signed. Michael Wall rec'd as Capt. of Artillery Co. in room of Capt. 
Stewart advanced as above. James Wall as ist Lieut, of said Co. 
in room of said Michael Wall, & Sugars Turner as 2d Lieut, of 
said Artillery Co. in room of James Wall, according to law. 
(pp. 164-S.) 



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178 William and Mary Quarterly 

Mar. 8, 1802, the following rec'd to Gov. as Mil. officers of 
Co. ; Henry Avent, Capt. in room of John Justice, resigned, Little- 
berry Robinson, Lieut, in room of said Henry Avent, & Samuel 
Avent Ensign in room of sd. Littleberry Robinson. Henry Mabry 
Capt. in room Nath. Mabry, resigned, Richard Mabry Lieut, in 
room sd. Henry Mabry & Robert C. Land as Ensign in room of 
sd. Rich. Mabry. (p. 197.) 

Oct. II, 1802, John Cain rec'd to Gov. for Capt. Mil. in room 
of Esau Goodwyn, resigned, Wm. Atkinson Lieut, in room John 
Cain, Charles Locke Ensign in room of sd. Wm. Atkinson, Peter 
Avent Ensign in room Samuel Avent, who refuses to qualify. 
Willie Qark Lieut, in room of John Turner, who refuses to 
qualify. Henry Dupree as Ensign in room of sd. Willie Clark, 
advanced as above . (p. 259.) 

Aug. 9, 1802, Henry Avent Capt., Henry Mabry Capt., Little- 
berry Robinson & Richard Mabry, Lieuts., in Mil. of this Co. 
qualify to their Commissions, (p. 236.) 

Sept. 13, 1802, Robert W. Land, Ensign in Mil. of this Co. 
took oath of office, Esau Goodwyn, Capt. Mil. resigned, (p. 253.) 

Oct. II, 1802, Willie Qark, Ensign, took oath of office, etc 
(p. 258.) 

Nov. 14, 1803, James Lanier, Capt. Mil. of this Co. qualified 
before Person Turner, Gent., according to law. (p. 353.) 

Aug. 13, 1804, Richard Crump, Major, & James Clark, Capt 
in Mil. qualified to their Commissions, (p. 407.) 

May 9, 1803, Peter Avent, Ensign, Henry Dupree, Ensign, 
& Wm. Atkinson, Lieut. Mil. Co. took oaths of office, (p. 299.) 

June 13, 1803, John Cain, Capt. Willie Qark, Lieut. & Charles 
Locke Jr., Ensign in Mil. took oaths of office, (p. 303.) 

Oct. ID, 1803, James Wall, Capt. of Artillery Co., Edwin Cook, 
1st Lieut. & Charles Collier, 2d Lieut, in said County, took oaths 
of office, (p. 343) 

Nov. 14, 1803, Robert W. Land, Lieut. & Thomas Jones 
Mabry, Ensign, in Mil. of this Co. qualified before Person Turner, 
Gent, etc. (p. 347) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 179 

March 14, 1803, Robert W. Land is rec'd to the Gov. for 
Lieut, of the Militia of this Co. in room of Richard Mabry, who 
hath removed from the Co. (p. 285.) 

May 9, 1803, the following are recommended to the Governor 
as officers of the Militia of the County : — James Wall, Capt. of 
Artillery Co. in room of Michael Wall, resigned; Edwin Cook 
as 1st Lieut, in room of said James Wall; & Charles Collier 2d 
Lieut, in room of Sugars Turner, resigned ; James Lanier as Capt. 
in room of George Cain, resigned ; & George Mason as Lieut, in 
room of said Lanier ; & James Tillar as Ensign in said Company, 
Thomas Jones Mabry as Ensign in room of Robert W. Land, 
advanced to Lieutenant of Militia of this County, (p. 300.) 

Feb. 13, 1804, Richard Crump, Capt. is rec'd for the office of 
Major in room of Major Wm. Stewart, deceased ; James Clark as 
Capt. in room of said Richard Crump ; & Isaac Fox as Lieut, in 
room of said James Clark, advanced in the Militia of this Co. as 
aforesaid, (p. 370.) 

April 9, 1804, Nathaniel Peebles rec'd to Gov. for Ensign in 
Capt. James Clark's Co. of Militia, (p. 383.) 

May 14, 1804, Henry Wyche, Jr., rec'd to Gov. as Capt. of Mil. 
in room of Capt. John Fennell, resigned, Avent Massey as Lieut, 
in said Company in room of the said Wyche, & James Jourdon 
as Ensign in same Company, (p. 387.) 

Oct. 8, 1804, Henry Wyche, Capt., Avent Massey, Lieut. & 
James Jourdon, Ensign in Miltia Co. of this Co. took oaths of 
office, (p. 425.) 

May 13, 1805, John D. Maclin rec'd to Gov. to execute office of 
Lieut, in Capt. James Lanier's Co. of Mil. in room of George 
Mason, resigned, & Robert Wilkinson is rec'd for Ensign in Capt. 
John Cain's Co. of Mil. in room of Charles Locke, Jr., who has 
removed from the state. James Tillar personally appeared in 
Court & resigned as Ensign in Capt. James Lanier's Co. of Mil. 
in this County, (pp. 469-470.) 



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i8o William and Mary Quarterly 

Order Book IV. 

Sept. 8, 1806, Richard Stewart is recommended to the Gover- 
nor in Council to execute the office of Ensign in Capt. James 
Lanier's Co. of Mil., Robert W. Land as Capt. in room of Henry 
Mabry, dec'd Thomas Jones Mabry as Lieut, in place of the said 
Land, Benjamin Fox as Ensign in room of Nathaniel Peebles, 
(page 38.) 

Oct. 13, 1806, Burrill Grigg is recommended to the Gov. 
to execute the office of Ensign in Capt. Robert W. Land's Co. 
of Mil. in this Co. & Henry Dupree as Lieut. & Irwin B. Mayes 
as Ensign to Capt. Benjamin Qark's Co. of Militia, (p. 42.) 

Oct. 13, 1806, Capt. Simon Turner is mentioned, (p. 44.) 

Jan. 12, 1807, Edmund Lucas is recommended to the Gov. to 
execute the office of Lieut. Col. Commandant of the Mil. of this 
Co. in room of Person Williamson, resigned, (p. 74.) 

Jan. 12, 1807, Richard Crump is rec'd to the Gov. to execute 
the office of ist Major in Mil. of this Co. in room of Major Ed- 
mund Lucas, promoted, Robert W. Land is rec'd as 2d Major in 
room of Major Richard Crump, promoted, Irwin Mayes is rec'd as 
Capt. in room of Capt. Benjamin Clark resigned & Isaac R. 
Walton, Jr., as Ensign in Capt. Henry Wyche's Co. of Mil. in this 
Co. (p. 75.) 

Feb. 9, 1807, Edmund Lucas, Colonel Commandant, Robert 
W. Land, Major, Irwin Mayes, Capt., Thomas J. Mabry, Lieut. 
& Isaac R. Walton, Ensign in Mil. of this Co. took oaths of their 
respective offices, (p. 76.) 

April 13, 1807, Henry Dupree, Lieut., took oath of office. 

(p. 95.) 

April 13, 1807, Thomas Jones Mabry is rec'd to the Gov. to 
execute office of Capt. in Mil. in room of Robert W. Land, pro- 
moted, Burrill Grigg, Jr., as Lieut, in room of Thomas J. Mabry, 
promoted, Abner Lanier as Ensign, Isaac Fox as Capt. in Mil. in 
room of James Clark, resigned, & Nathaniel Peebles as Lieutenant. 

(p. 96.) 

June 8, 1807, Thomas J. Mabry, Capt. in Mil. of this Co. took 
oath of Office, (p. no.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly i8i 

July 13, 1807, John Cain, Capt in Mil., resigned. And Robert 
Wilkinson is rec'd to the Gov. to execute the office of Capt. in 
room of John Cain, resigned, WiUiamson Bonner, Ensign in room 
of Robert Wilkinson, promoted, Nathaniel Peebles as Capt. of 
Mil. in room of Isaac Fox, who refused to qualify, James Jeter 
as Lieut, in room of Nathaniel Peebles, promoted, Hamlin Vin- 
cent as Ensign in room of James Jeter, Steriing Thompson as 
Ensign in Capt. Irwin Mayes' Company of Mil. (p. 133.) 

Aug. 10, 1807, Nathaniel Peebles, Capt., Robert Wilkinson, 
Capt., James Jeter, Lieut., & Hamlin Vincent, Ensign, took oaths 
Office, (p. 136.) 

Sept. 14, 1807, Sterling Thompson, Ensign in Mil. took oath 
Office, (p. 155.) 

May 9, 1808, Henry Avent as Major in room of Richard 
Cnmip, resigned, Littleberry Robinson as Capt. in room of Henry 
Avent, promoted, Peter Avent as Lieut, in room of Littleberry 
Robinson, promoted, John F. Walker as Lieut, in Capt. Nathaniel 
Peeble's Co., & Francis A. Williamson as Ensign in Capt. Irwin 
Mayes' Co. are rec'd to the Gov. to execute said offices, (p. 232.) 

June 13, 1808, Henry Avent, Major, Littleberry, Robinson, 
Capt., & John F. Walker, Lieut, of Mil. took oaths of office, 
(p. 244.) 

July II, 1808, Peter Avent, Lieut, in Mil. took oath of office, 
(p. 246.) 

Sept. 12, 1808, Thomas A. Williamson, Ensign, took oath of 
office, & Avent Massey resigned as Lieut., & Henry Wyche re- 
signed as Capt. Isaac R. Walton, Jr., is rec'd to the Gov. as Capt. 
of Mil. in room of Henry Wyche, resigned, Sampson A. Robinson 
as Lieut, in room of Avent Massey, resigned & John Avent as 
Ensign in Capt. Littleberry Robinson's Co. (pp. 270-1.) 

Oct. 10, 1808, Isaac R. Walton, Jr., Captain, Sampson A. 
Robinson, Lieut. & John Avent, Ensign, in Mil. of this Co. took 
oaths office, (p. 274.) 

Jan. 9, 1809, William Bailey is recommended to the Gov. 
in Council to execute the office of Captain to raise a Volunteer 
Company of Light Infantry to be attached to the 2d Battalion, 
John Thorp as Lieut, in said Co. & Charles C. Wardlow as En- 



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i82 William and Maey Quarterly 

sign in said Co., & Braxton Newsum is rec'd as ensign to Capt. 
Isaac R. Walton's Company, (p. 326.) 

Feb. 13, 1809, Braxton Newsum, Ensign in Mil. took oath of 
Office, (p. 334.) 

Sept. II, 1809, Williamson Bonner is recommended for Lieut, 
in Capt. Robert Wilkinson's Co. in room of Wm. Atkinson, re- 
signed, Wilkins Goodrich as Ensign in said Co. in room of Wil- 
liamson Bonner, promoted, James Sykes as Ensign to Capt Isaac 
R. Walton's Co. in room of Braxton Newsom, removed (p. 395.) 

Oct. 9, 1809; Williamson Bonner, Lieut. & James Sykes, En- 
sign, in Mil. of this Co. took oaths of office, (p. 401.) 

Feb. 10, 1 810, William Bailey, Esquire, is recommended to 
the Gov. as Capt. in room of Capt. James Lanier, deceased, (p. 
434.) 

May 14, 1810, "The Court in pursuance of advice rec'd from 
"the Gov. & Council proceeded to reconsider their recommendation 
"of Wm Bailey as Capt. of the 50th Regiment in room of James 
"Lanier, dec'd. Whereupon the Court doth recommend John D. 
"Maclin, Esquire, to the Gov. in Council as a proper person to 
"execute the office of Capt. of the Mil. in this County in room 
"of James Lanier, dec'd, which is ordered to be certified," & 
Richard Stewart is recommended as Lieut, in room of John D. 
Maclin, promoted, & Isham Harwell as Ensign in room of Richard 
Stewart, promoted, (p. 447.) 

Order Book V. 

July 9, 1810, John Thorp, Capt. Richard Stewart, Lieut. & 
Benj. D. Dupree, Ensign, of the Volunteer Co. in the Mil. took 
oaths of office, (p. 27.) 

Sept. ID, 1810, Isaac R. Walton, Jr., is recommended to the 
Gov. to execute the office of Major of the Mil. to supply the 
vacancy caused by the death of Major Robert W. Land, Sampson 
A. Robinson as Capt. in the room of Isaac R. Walton, Jr., pro- 
moted, James Sykes as Lieut, in room of Sampson A. Robinson, 
promoted, and Darius Robinson as Ensign, (p. 50.) 

Oct. 8, 1 810, Isaac R. Walton, Jr., Major, & Sampson A. 
Robinson, Capt. in Mil. took oath of office, (p. 55.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 183 

March 11, 181 1, Peter A vent is recommended to the Gov. to 
execute the office of Capt. of the Mil. in room of Littleberry 
Robinson, resigned, & John Avent as Lieut, in the same Com- 
pany. Joshua C. Lundy as Lieut, in Capt. John D. Maclin's Co., 
Thomas Malone as Ensign in said Company, & Benj. Fox as 
Lieut, in Capt. Nathaniel Peebles Company, (p. 92.) 

May 13, 181 1, John Avent, Lieut, in the Mil. & Charles C. 
Wardlow, Ensign in Light Infantry Co. in this County took oaths 
of office, (p. III.) 

May 14, 181 1, Joshua C. Lundy & John Ave^t, Lieuts. in Mil. 
took oaths of office, (p. 116.) 

July 8, 181 1, Thomas Malone, Ensign, took oath office, (p. 
139.) 

Jan. 13, 1812, Benj. Fox is recommended to the Gov. as Capt. 
in room of Capt. Nathaniel Peebles, resigned, & John M. Jeffries 
as Lieut. & John Fox as Ensign in said Co. & James Avent as 
Ensign in Capt. Peter Avent's Company, (p. 191.) 

May II, 1812, John Avent is recommended to the Gov. as 
proper person to execute the office of Capt. of the Mil. in room 
of Peter Avent, who has removed from the state, & Hardy Robin- 
son as Lieut, in said Co. (p. 214.) 

June 8, 1812, Joseph W. Walton took oath of office as Lieut, 
(p. 217.) 

June 9, 1812, John M. Jeflfries Lieut. Mil. took oath office, 
(p. 231.) 

July 13, 1812, John Avent, Capt. & Hardy Robinson, Lieut., 
took oaths of office, (p. 237.) 

Oct. 12, 1812, James Avent, Ensign, took oath of office, & 
Byrd C. Morris is recommended to the Gov. to execute the office 
of Ensign in Capt. Benj. Fox's Co. of Mil. (p. 258.) 

Jan. II, 1813, James T. Sykes is recommended to the Gov. 
to execute the office of Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the 
Militia of this County in room of Edmund Lucas, deceased. 

(p. 298.) 

Feb. ID, 1813, Byrd C. Morris, Ensign, took oath of office, 
(p. 312.) 



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1 84 William and Mary Quarterly 

March 15, 181 3, James T. Sykes, Lieutenant Colonel G>m- 
mandant of the Mil. of this County took oath of office, (p. 344.) 

Aug. 9, 181 3, Charles C. Wardlow, Lieut. & Timothy Thorp, 
Ensign, in Co. of Light Infantry in 2d Battalion of the isth 
Brigade & ist Division of Militia took oaths of office, (p. 380.) 

Sept. 13, 1 81 3, Augustine Qaibome, Capt., Wm. S. Jeffries, 
2d Lieut. & John Pritchard Comet of the Troop of Cavalry in the 
1st R^ment & ist Division of the Militia took oaths of office, 
ako Wm. Dancy, Capt. of the Company of Light Infantry at- 
tached to the 1st Battalion of the 50th Regiment & 15th Brigade, 
(p. 401.) 

May 9, 1814, Augustine Qaibome is recommended to the Gov. 
as Lt. Col. Commandant of the Militia of this Co. in room of 
Col. James T. Sykes, who has removed from the County, (p. 

456.) 

July II, 1814, Augustine Claiborne qualified as Lt. Col. Com. 
of the County, (p. 478.) 

Sept. 12, 1814, Hmchia B. Petteway ist & George W. Wil- 
liamson 2d Lieutenant in the Cavalry took oaths of office. Wright 
Robinson is recommended to the Governor to execute the office of 
Lieut, in the Militia in room of Joshua C. Lundy, who is appointed 
Pay Master to the Regiment, (p. 489.) 

Jan. 9, 181 5, Irwin B. Mayes & Henry Dupree, Lieutenants in 
Militia reported to the Court as supernumerary officers, accord- 
ing to law. William S. Jeffries, Capt. of the Light Horse in this 
County took oath of office, (p. 503.) 

Jan. 9, 181 5, John Massey is recommended to the Gov. as 
Lieut, in a Light Infantry Company, (p. 506.) 

March 13, 1815, John Massey, Lieutenant of the Militia, took 
oath of office, (p. 517.) 

April 10, 1815, Jacquelin Goodwyn is recommended to the 
Governor as a proper person to execute the office of Lieutenant 
in the room of Williamson Bonner, resigned. Henry Jarratt as 
Ensign in room of Wilkins Goodrich resigned. Wright Robin- 
son as Lieutenant in room of Joshua C. Lundy, resigned, (p. 

536.) 

May 8, 181 5, Wright Robinson, Lieutenant of Militia took 
oath of office, (p. 543.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 185 



WARD FAMILY 

Seth^ Ward is the earliest ancestor to whom the Ward family 
of Henrico County has been traced; branches of which family 
lived at a later date in Amelia, Nottoway, Chesterfield, Prince 
Edward, Charlotte and Lunenburg Counties, Virginia, and in 
North Carolina. 

The destruction of the Henrico Country Records prior to 1677, 
and the fragmentary condition of this county's records since 
that date creates a problem in genealogy quite difficult of solu- 
tion ; but, with a view to establishing certain heretofore circum- 
stantially evident, though unproved, connections of Wards of 
post revolutionary date, with the original Wards of Henrico, an 
extensive search has been made* in the remaining records in 
Henrico, the records of Chesterfield, Lunenburg, Cumberland, 
Amelia, Charlotte and Nottoway, and the land patents in Rich- 
mond, in order to obtain whatever data these records might af- 
ford by way of wills, deeds and court orders.f 

The earliest recorded mention of Seth^ Ward is as follows: 
By order of Court 11 Feby. 1632 that all such planters or per- 
sons whatsoever who shall have no land due unto them by ad- 
venture or otherwise^ should have certain quantity granted unto 
them by lease for 21 years, therefore under this provision, to 
Seath Ward, of Varina, in the upper parts, planter, three score 
acres of land in the upper parts in corporation of Henrico; ad- 
joining Daniel Sherley, Powhatan's Three, Three mile swamp. 
Dated 30 May 1634. (Register of the Land Office, Patent Book 
I, p. 148.) 



* The research into the Ward family history was made at the request 
of Professor E. F. Humphrey of Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, 
who very kindly rendered every assistance possible in the matter. 

tSee Quarterly, Vol. XXIV, p. 271, for a note on the place of the 
Ward family in the early history of Henrico County. 

JThis would seem to indicate that Seth Ward was not the immi- 
grant ancestor of the family. For a note on Varina, and its location, see 
Tyler, Cradle of the Republic, p. 221. 



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i86 William and Mary Quarterly 

On November (pbr) 12th, 1643 ^ patent for 150 acres of land 
was issued to Seth Ward as follows : Seth Ward 350 acres Hen- 
rico Co., bounded N. N. W. by side of twoe myle creek : S. S. W. 
"over against Varina" : E. S. E. upon three myle swamp taking in 
said swamp extending in breadth towards the foure mile creek, 
bounded at the end by a running brook called the roundabout: 
due as followeth 150 acres by virtue of a former patent dated 
13 February 1635 and 50 acres by purchase from John Baker* 
of a patent dated last of May 1636, & 150 acres more by and for 
transportation of 3 persons viz: Jno. Wilkeson, Robt. Fleete, 
Jno. Miller, into the colony. Dated gber 12th, 1643. (R^^ister 
of the Land Office, Patent Book i, p. 946.) f 

The only other reference to Seth Ward that has been found 
is of a "bill of sale of the aforementioned land" [i. e. 150 acres, 
between Four Mile Creek and Two Mile Creek, patent 13 Feb- 
ruary 163s by West, as governor, and renewed by Berkeley, as 
governor, on November 17, 1643, to Seth Ward, with addition 
of 50 acres purchased of John Barbar, dated May i, 1636, and 
150 acres more added thereto} 350 acres from Seath Ward to 
Moi^^ Pierce, dated February i, i650.t 

The subsequent history of Seth Ward is not known: it is 
not known whom he married, nor is the date of his death known 
other than that it took place between 1650 (the date of his last 
patent, as above,) and 1677 when the records, as at present pre- 
served in Henrico, begin. 



♦July 17, 1637, John Baker, patent for 200 acres in Henrico County, 
near Varinas, adjoining land of Seth Ward and lands now in possession 
of John Baker and William Davis, and extending towards Captain Davis's 
bottoms. (Va. Mag. VI, p. 405.) 

tOn March 23, 1633 John Ward, of Varinas, planter, lease for 25 
acres adjoining his own land at the plantation of Varina. (Va. Mag. II, 
p. 312.) He was in all probability closely connected with Seth Ward 
though no record remains to show the degree of relationship. 

t Henrico Records, Vol. i677-<>2, p. 239. 



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WiLUAM AND Mary Quarterly 187 

Seth* Ward of Henrico County was the father of Richard* 
Ward.t 

Richard* Ward {Seth}) of Henrico County was a magistrate 
there in 1666 ;X the date of his birth is not known; but, he died 
in 1682. The following patents for land were issued in his name : 

Richard Ward, 100 acres in Varina in cotinty of Henrico, bounded 
southwest towards ye twoe mile creek N. W. into main woods, southerly 
upon land now in possession of John Baker E. N. E. to the fouer mile 
creek. Due said Richard Ward, 50 acres for his own personate adventure§ 
and 50 acres by purchase of Bartholomew Farthing to whom it is due 
for transportation of a servant called Sarah Breman. Dated 14 July 
1637. (Register of the Land Office.) 

Mr. Richard Ward, 1337 acres, i pole, south side James River in 
Henrico County, beginning at an oak on the river side at the upper end of 
Christopher Branch, Senior's dividend of land and thence by various 
courses along the river to mouth of Falling Creek, thence up the said 
Creek thence various other courses to the beginning. The said land 
being formerly granted to Jeremiah Blackman, deceased, by patent 
14 March, 1646 and by Jeremiah Blackman, son and heir of said 
Jeremiah, deceased, sold and assigned unto the aforesaid Mr. Richard 
Ward, as will appear by record in the Secretaries Office. Patent dated 
March 9, 1665. 

The following is an abstract of the will of Richard* Ward: 

Richard Ward of parish and County of Henrico, to son Richard 
Ward 300 acres in -a parcells, one Ijring & being upon Mr. Abell Gower, 
the other lying & being on Mr. John Knowles : to youngest son, Edward 
Ward, 250 acres; to daughter Elizabeth Ward 150 acres; to eldest son 
Seth Ward plantation I now live on and all the lands that shall be left 
in what I expressed in my will above said. To eldest son, Seth Ward, 



fVa. Mag. n, p. 312. It is not improbable that Seth Ward was the 
father of other children. Seth, among the sons of Edward Hatcher 
(1633-1711) of Henrico may have come from Seth Ward, and hence Ed- 
ward Hatcher's wife Mary, may have been a daughter of Ward. 

tVa. Mag. n, p. 312. 

§This would indicate that Richard Ward was bom "across the 
seas." The question arises (and there seems no .way of settling it) : 
could this Richard Ward have been a generation ahead of Seth Ward, 
whom we tentatively name as "the first of the line in Virginia"? 



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1 88 William and Mary Quarterly 

one bed, bedstead, with curtains and vallainces, 2 flock beds with corering, 
one large table, and forme, one old chest, one pr doggirons, 7 pewter 
dishes, one gallon flagon, 6 plates and leather chair, one joint stoole, one 
chest, pr pott racks, one copper kettle, one brass kettle, one smoothing 
iron, a spit and frying pan, one couch, pr pot hooks, one powdering tub^ 
3 napkins, 3 pr sheets, 8 head cattle, one great iron pestle, one weU bucket 

6 chain, one ladle, one copper pot, 9 silver spoons, one seal gold ring, one 
silver bowl, and salt cellars, one silver dram cup. To second son Richard 
Ward 2 feather beds, one with curtains and vallianes and bedsted, the 
other with covering thereto belonging, one iron bound case, one leather 
chair, one round table, 2 potts, and one pr pot hooks, one pr pot racks, 6 
plates, 7 pewter dishes, one cullender, 2 chests, one pr andirons, one spit, 
one frying pan, one great iron pot, one smootiiing iron, one Bible, one 
couch, 3 diapr napkins, 3 pr sheets, 8 head cattle, one iron pestle, one 
gridiron, 9 silver spoons, 2 silver cups, one silver scale. To youngest 
son Edward Ward, one bed & bedstead, with curtains and vallaines, and 
all necessarys thereto, 2 great chests, one stoole, one leather chair, one 
table, 6 new pewter dishes, one iron pott, of 4 gall, one little iron kettle, 
one iron bound case, one wanning pan, 6 plates, one little iron pot, one 
looking glass, one pr pot racks, 3 diapr napkins, 3 pr sheets, 7 head cattle, 
3 of diem to be cows, one iron pestle and morter, one pr of fire tongs, 
9 silver spoons, one silver cup and one silver tobacco stopper. To daufi^- 
ter, Elizabeth Ward, 2 feadier beds one with curtains & vallaines, & 
bedstead, the other with covering belonging thereto, one new ticking, one 
great chest, 6 plates, 8 pewter dishes, 2 chests, one box iron & heaters, one 
wooden chair, one joint stool, one great iron kettle, one pr pot racks, 
one skillet, one small iron pot & pot hooks, one chafing dish, 3 diap^ 
napkins & table cloth, 3 pr sheets, one saddle & bridle & one saddle doth, 

7 head cattle, three of them cows, one Bible, one driping pan, one pewter 
candlestick, one silver cup, one silver tankard, and 9 silver spoons. 

One half ensuing crop made by my 3 hands, Simon Lygon, Ross & 
Jack, either of Indian Come or tobacco, one half to daughter Elizabeth 
and (son) Richard to be equally divided to buy each a servant, and 
Natt and Button, 2 of my horses and the other half to my son Seith. 

To son Seith Ward, Jack my Indian Boy, and the keeping of my 
youngest son Edward Ward until he is 19 years of age and to have 
benefit of his labor at his disposing, and likewise benefit of Rosse, the 
Indian's labor the term and time abovesaid & then son Edward to take 
him into his custody; in case sons Seith & Edward cannot agree till term 
abovesaid then Edward to choose his own guardian. 

Son Seith to build sone Edward a dwelling house of 20 ft wide & 
30 ft long, with 2 outside chimneys on the land given in my wilL 

Son Richard full produce of 1000 lbs. of 3758 lbs. tobacco shipped for 
England by Capt John Rude's, Commander of the Hopewell, of London 



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William and Mary Quarterly 189 

as pr bill of lading; & 1000 to daughter Elizabeth Ward & 757 lbs. to 
son Edward. 

Of two years remaining time of servant Lygon, the first year to son 
Seith, the last year to be equally divided between my son Richard and my 
daughter Elizabeth. 

Should tobacco shipped home as above said bring my sons in debt 
thea they each to bear equal share according to proportion. 

Horses & mares to sons Seith and Richard and daughter Elizabeth 
(a horse mentioned running at iht World's end.) 

Remaining cattle to be equally divided among my four children, 
Seith, Richard, Edward & Elizabeth, stocks of hogs divided among said 4 
children, "and for the linnen and woollen and shoes & stockings to be 
equally divided, viz. : 32 ells of Dowlas, 9 ells of Lockram, 30 ells of fine 
canviss, S^ ells of course canviss, 27 yds blew linnen, 7^ yds broaddoth, 
3 yds cotton, 3 pr. worsted stockings, i pr. of yams, 7 pr. f rench falls, one 
new hatt" 

Yokes, chaines, saws, wedges, carpenters tools to remain amongst 
children for each of their proper uses & all other tools belonging to the 
house. Executor, eldest son Seith Ward. Witnesses : Tho. Lockett, Will 
Ballows. Dated, 18 April, 1682; probated, i August 1682. (Henrico 
Records.) 

1. Richard* Ward married Elizabeth (surname unknown) 
and had issue : 

2. I. Seth* Ward. 

3. II. Richard* Ward. 

4. ni. Edward* Ward. 

IV. Elizabeth* Ward, of whom nothing further is known. 

2. Seth« Ward {Seth,^ Richard') of "Sheffield" Henrico 
Coimty, bom 1661 ; captain of militia :* corner of Henrico Jan- 
uary i7oo;t died 1706 or 1707. 



♦ Va. Mag. II, p. 312. 

t Henrico Records, Vol. 1694-1701, p. 299. 



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190 WiLUAM AND Mary Quarterly 

Scth* Ward (1661-1707) was the father of the four follow- 
ing children : 

5. I. Scth* Ward. 

6. II. Richard* Ward. 

7. III. Benjamin* Ward, 
a IV. Joseph* Ward. 

No record of the will of Captain Seth* Ward has been found 
nor has a search among original papers in the Henrico Court 
Qerk's Office produced the "original" of his will. That Seth* 
Ward made a will and that it was a l^^al doctunent and admitted 
to record there is evidence in the fact that in an order of court 
October 1713 it is entered that certain property was delivered 
to the guardians of two of Seth* Ward's orphans "according to 
the will." (See below the order in. full.) 

The orders of court proving the names of Captain Seth Ward's chil- 
dren are as follows : 

September 15, 1708, William Blackman ordered to give security for 
what estate he hath in his hands belonging to the orphans of Captain 
Seth Ward, bte of this county [i. e. Henrico] deed. (Henrico Records, 
Vol. [No. 4l 1677-1739, p. 50.) 

August 1713. Upon petition of Benjamin Ward and Joseph Ward 
they are admitted to choose their guardians and thereupon the said Ben- 
jamin chooses Robert Burton, Junr. to be his guardian, and the said Joseph 
chooses Seth Ward§ to be his guardian, who appearing and severally 
accepting the charge, John Stewart and the said Robert Burton enter them- 
selves securitys for the said Seth Ward and Henry Trent and the said 
Seth Ward enter themselves securitys for the said Robert Burton. At the 
same court (August 1713) it was ordered that William Blackman do 
deliver unto Robert Burton, Junr., guardian to Benjamin Ward the estate 
of the said Benjamin, that he also deliver unto Seth Ward guardian to 
Joseph Ward the estate of the said Joseph, and that Thomas Branch, 
Christopher Branch and Richard Ward,* or any two of them do sec the 



*This was Richard* Ward, son of Richard* Ward (who died 1682) 
and brother of Captain Seth* Ward; hence uncle of Benjamin* and 
Joseph* of the order. 

§ This Seth Ward was evidently the eldest son of Captain Seth Ward, 
and the elder brother of said Joseph. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 191 

delivery of the said estates and make report thereof to the next court 
(Ibid. Order Book i7io-i7i4, p. 251). 

October Court 1713. Christopher Branch and Thomas Branch, two 
of the persons ordered to see the estate of Benjamin Ward delivered unto 
Robert Burton, Junr., his guardian, and the estate of Joseph Ward delivered 
unto Seth Ward, his guardian, make report that in obedience to the said 
order they have seen the said estates delivered according to the will. 
(Ibid., Order Book 1710-14, p. 254.) 

February Court 1713/14. Richard Ward by his petition sets forth 
that he is arrived to lawfull age and therefore prays that the estate left 
him by his Deceased father may be delivered him; William Blackman, in 
whose possession the said estate is, agreeing thereto, it is ordered that he 
do deliver the said estate to the petitioner in the presence of Thpmas 
Branch and Christopher Branch. (Ibid., Order Book 1710-14, p. 269). 

That Benjamin, Joseph and Richard Ward (mentioned in the above 
orders) were sons of Captain Seth» Ward is pfoved in that William 
Blackman was ordered (September 1708) to give security for estate in 
his hands belonging to orphans of Captain Seth Ward, deceased ; and by 
orders (August 1713 and February 1713/14) William Blackman was di- 
rected to deliver estate in his hands belonging to Benjamin and Joseph 
Ward to the guardians respectively chosen by them; and the estate 
belonging to Richard Ward, to the said Richard direct 

That Captain Seth» Ward had also a son Seth,* who was older than 
Richard, Benjamin and Joseph, is proved by various records (see for- 
ward under 5. Seth* Ward). 

The question arises as to who was Captain Seth* Ward's wifcf Re- 
search, thus far, has failed to reveal direct evidence as to her identity; 



fHenrico Court, October 24, 1681, An Acctt of . . . Lycences 
granted (in Anno 1681) & returned to Towne Jamestown, the seat of 
government. 

Seth Ward 200 Mr. Tho: Cocke 200 

Jos. Tanner 200 Mr. Jno. Gooch 200 

Melchiz: Richardson 200 Lambert Tye 200 

Tho: Cheatham 200 

600 

800 800 

1400 [pounds tobacco] 
(Henrico Records, Vol. 1677-92, p. 185.) 

The above is evidence that Seth Ward was married in 1681. It is 
unfortunate that the name of his wife is not given. The record of licenses 
thus granted was kept on account of a fee payable thereon to the 
authorities. 



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192 William and Mary Quasterly 

but, there are facts, which brought hito relation, tend to prove, ctrcnm- 
ttantially at least, that Captain Seth* Ward married Ann, daughter of 
Henry and Ann (Lotmd) Hatcher, of Henrico County4 

It should be borne in mind that there is no extant copy of the win 
of Captain Seth* Ward ; and no record (so far discovered) gives even his 
wife's baptismal name. 

The facts (which taken together tend to substantiate the above stated 
conclusion) are as follows : 

1. Henry Lound of Henrico (bounty, in his will dated July 2, 1708; 
probated November i, 1708, leaves one shilling to his granddaughter Ann 
Ward. (Henrico Records.) 

2. The year and month of Captain Seth* Ward's death is not known 
nor do the records show the date of the probate of his will; but, from 
the order of Court September 15, 1708, for William Bl^ckman to give 
security for estate in his hands belonging to orphans of Captain Seth* 
Ward, late of this county, deceased (Vol. 1677-39, P- 5o), one would infer 
that Captain Ward had not been so very long dead, certainly that his 
orphan's property had but recently come into the liands" of William 
Bladcman. There is no remaining court order showing that Blackman 
was even the legally constituted guardian to Seth* Ward's orphans, nor 



I Henry Lound, of Varina Parish, Henrico County, by deed dated 
August 19, 1678 convesrs certain personalty to his grandchildren: Anne 
Hatcher, Henry Hatcher, William Hatcher and Martha Hatcher. (Hen- 
rice Records, Vol. 1678-93, p. 55.) On Sept, i, 1677, Ann relict of 
Henry Hatcher, deceased, was granted administration on her deceased 
husband's estate. (Ibid., VoL 1677-92, p. 33.) In August 1678 Ann, Henry, 
William and Martha Hatcher are named as orphans of Henry Hatcher, 
deceased, with Henry Lound, as their guardian. Ibid., Vol. 1677-1739, p. 
4.) Henry Lound in his will dated July 1708, probated November 1708 
names among other parties grandson Henry Hatcher and granddaughters 
Arm Ward, Mary Tanner and Martha Blanks. (Ibid., Vol. 1706-1709.) 
A comparison of the baptismal names is conclusive as to who these parties 
were. Ann (the daughter of Henry Lound and widow of Henry Hatcher) 

married 2ndly Moody, prior to August 19, 1678 (the deed, as 

referred to above, of Henry Lound to his grandchildren on that date 
mentions Ann Moody, calling her "daughter;" and as Henry Hatcher's 
wife's baptisimal name was Ann; and Henry Hatcher's children were 
grandchildren of Henry Lound, the inference is plain. 

Henry Hatcher was the son of William Hatcher (1614-1677) of 
Henrico County, a conspicuous character in the early days of the colony, 
a member of the House of Burgesses, and immigrant ancestor of the 
Hatcher family in Virginia (for a detailed account of Hatcher see Vir- 
ginia Magazine, VoL 5, p. 98). 



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William and Mary Quarterly 193 

any record or order showing how it happened that he had their estate 
in his possession. 

3. But, it is a matter of record (as above quoted) that in Septem- 
ber i7o8» William Blackman was ordered to give security for the estate 
in his hands belonging to the orphans of Captain Seth* Ward; and that 
the names of the orphans were Benjamin, Joseph and Richard ; and that 
said Blackman delivered their estates into the hands of later chosen 
guardians of Benjamin and Joseph, and into Richard's hands on his 
coming to "lawful! age." 

4. The following facts also appear : 

(a) December 1707 William Blackman having by his petn. to this 
court set forth that Edward Ward by his misrepresentation obtained 
an order at the last court for la3ring open a road which leads through 
the plantation whereon he now (your petr.) lives belonging to the orphs 
of Seth Ward, deed. (Henrico Court, Order Book 1707-09, p. 11.) 

(b) April 1708 Mr. SeA Ward, 3 days as evidence in difference 
between William Blackman and Edward Ward (Ibid. 1707-09, p. 30} ; 

(c) April 1708 John Clark evidence in behalf of Richard Ward 
in a difference depending between William Blackman and Edward Ward 
concerning stopping of a road (Ibid,, 1707-09, p. 32). [Note: Richard 
Ward mentioned in this order is evidently Richard, son of Captain Seth* 
Ward, and the eldest of the then minor orphans whose property was in 
Blackman's hands.] 

(d) April 1708. The order for a road granted Edward Ward 
through the plantation whereon he now lives belonging to orphans of 
Seth Ward, deed., is reversed (Ibid. 1707-09, p. 33). 

5. (a) November 1712 Seth Ward petn. for cart road layd out from 
his plantation where he now lives to a small piece of land which he 
lately purchased of Richard Ward; appears said road must pass through 
certain lands in possession of William Blackman. Referred to next court 
(Ibid, Order Book 1710-14, p. 192). 

(b) February 1712/13 Seth Ward vs. William Blackman and Anne, 
his wife, petn. for cart way to pass through land of said William and 
Anne to a piece of land lately purchased by said Seth Ward of Richard 
Ward; ordered that cart way be granted ye sd Seth to pass through ye 
defdts land on ye river bank. Thomas Branch and Christopher Branch 
ordered to lay out sd way (Ibid, Order Book 1710-14, p. 203) .♦ 



♦July 1720 the will of William Blackman, deceased, presented by 
Joseph Ward, his executor, and proved by oaths of Henry Anderson and 
Thomas Branch, two of the witnesses thereto, and a<lniitted to record; 
Henry Soane and Benjamin Ward, securities for Joseph Ward tiie execu- 
tor. (Henrico (Tourt, Order Book 1719-24, p. 34.) 



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194 William and Mary Quarterly 

A summary is this: Captain Seth» Ward died prior to December 
1707, at which date William Blackman was living on the plantation be- 
longing to the orphans of Seth Ward, deed. (O. B., 1707-09, P- n) ; 
William Blackman had in his "possession" or "hands" [the court orders 
never once state that he was guardian] the estates of Benjamin, Joseph 
and I^chard Ward, orphans of Seth> Ward and it appears that in 
February 1712/13 when Seth* (an older son of Captain Seth Ward) 
was petitioning for a cart road out to the river that the land 
through which it was to pass is designated as belonging to William 
Blackman and Ann his wife, (see order given in full above). It seems 
not at all improbable that in reality William Blackman married the widow 
of Captain Seth* Ward, some time after the July 1708 when Henry Lound 
made his will naming granddaughter Ann Ward, and thus it was that the 
property of Captain Seth* Ward's minor children came into his "posses- 
sion" or **hands." It is quite evident that the Ann Ward, so named in 
Lound's will had been bom Ann Hatcher (see facts stated in footnote, 
p. 192). Captain Seth* Ward was the only Ward at that time living in 
Henrico (so far as the records show) who could have been the husband 
of the said Ann; for, (^ptain Seth's brothers at that time were mar- 
ried, viz.: Richard Ward to Elizabeth Blackman and Edward Ward to 
a daughter of Gilbert Elam.* Therefore on the strength (admittedly 
but slight) of the circumstantial evidence above given it is tentatively 
stated that Captain Seth* Ward married Ann, daughter of Henry and 
Ann (Lound) Hatcher and that Ann, widow of Captain Seth* Ward 
married 2ndly William Blackman. 

3. Richard* Ward (Richard,^ Seth^) of Henrico County, 
died 1724. His name appears frequently on the Henrico records 
in minor suits. Richard* Ward was married three times: firsf, 
Martha Branch ; second, Elizabeth Blackman ; third, Mary, widow 
of Robert Jones. 

Thomas Branch, Senior, of Henrico County, will dated October 25, 
1688^ probated February i, 1694, names daughter Martha Ward. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Branch [widow of Thomas Branch] in her will dated August 
2, 1697; probated August 20, 1697, names son-in-law Richard Ward (see 
Brandi family in Quarterly, XXV, p. 62}. 



*For substantiation of these statements see forward under 3. Rich- 
ard* Ward, and 4. Edward* Ward. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 195 

Marriage license issued 7ber (September) 1696 Richard Ward with 
Elizabeth Blackman. Thomas Cocke, Senr. surety (Henrico Records, 
VoL 1688-1697), p. 631). The will of William Blackman, of Varina 
Parish, Henrico County, planter, dated November 11, 1697, probated 
April I, 1698, makes bequests: to eldest son William Blackman, south 
or lower moiety of my plantation in Varina Parish, Henrico County; 
son John Blackman, north, or upper half of said lands or plantation, 3 
guns, a young horse, and £$ sterling ; to daughter Dorothy, wife of George 
Cogbill, of aforesaid county, and parish, Cooper, i shilling; to daughter 
Elizabeth Ward now wife of Richard Ward, of aforesaid county and 
parish, I shilling; wife Dorothy Blackman, residue of estate not before 
mentioned and she is named as executrix. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1697- 
1704, p. 69-70). 

Henrico Court, May 1721, Rowland Thomas vs. Richard Ward and 
Mary, his wife, executrix of Robert Jones, deceased.* (Henrico Court, 
Order Book, 1719-24, p. 98). 

The following are the deeds to and from Richard Ward on 
record in Henrico County : 

1708, March 31. — Robert Thompson, son and heir of Robert Thomp* 
son, late of Henrico, deed., to Richard Ward, of same county, £50 sterling, 
700 acres in Henrico County, on N. side of Branche's Brook being part 
of 1236 acres granted to Robert Thompson (father of Robert Thompson 
party to these presents) deed, by patent dated April 29, 1693. — (Henrico 
Records, Vol. 1706-09, p. 86.) 

1717, August 3. — Richard Ward, Sr., of Henrico County to Seth 
Ward, of same £50 curr. 300 acres in parish and county of Henrico, south 
side James River, being in 2 parcels, viz: all the land devised said 
Richard Ward by his father Richard Ward, deed., as by the said father's 
will dated April 18, 1682. Witnesses: Robt. Blaws, Christopher Branch, 
Benjamin Ward. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1 714-18, p. 188.) 



* The will of Robert Jones was probated in Henrico County in 1720 
(Order Book 1719-24). 



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196 William and Mary Quarterly 

Richard* Ward died in Henrico County in 1724! leaving his 
widow Mary Ward and several children, of whom the names of 
the following appear in the records, viz.: 

9. I. Richard* Ward. 

II. John* Ward, of Henrico County ; m. Hannah Decem- 
ber Court 1724. On petition of John Ward praying that Richard Ward, 



t The last will and testament of Richard Ward, deceased, was proved 
July 1724; Richard Ward, Junr. executor; Joseph Ward and Walter Scott 
as securities for executor; Mary Ward, widow. (Henrico Records, VoL 
1719-24, p. 349.) The will book for this period is missing, and a search 
into iht remaining original papers in Henrico has, thus far, failed to 
produce the original will. 

December Court 1724, Petition of Mary Ward, praying that Richard 
Ward, Jr., executor of Richard Ward, deed., ordered to deliver her such 
part of sd Richard Ward's estate as belongs to her, &c. ; 1/9 part of said 
estate (after debts are paid) declared to be her part. (Ibid, Order 
Book, 1719-24, p. 372.) It is not clear from this order whetiier the said 
Mary was the widow, or one of the children of Richard Ward. The 
one-ninth part mentioned is of interest as probably indicating the num- 
ber of children Richard Ward left at his decease ; though, of course, there 
may have been bequests by him to others than his children whose inter- 
ests would also have been included in the division. 

Inventory of the estate of Mary Ward, deceased, appraised August 
16, 1727, totaJ £32: 14:754. Thomas Branch, Jr., Benjamin Branch, Wil- 
liam Bass, appraisers. Returned and recorded November 6, 1727. (Hen- 
rico Records, Vol. 1725-37, p. 146.) 

Part of an inventory taken April 17th, 1725 of Richard Ward's estate. 
Thomas Branch, CHiristopher Branch, James Branch, appraisers. Value 
at £8:10:3. Returned and recorded at Court, 6 May, 1728. Inventory pre- 
sented by Richard Ward. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1725-37, p. 180.) 

April 1728. — Account of the estate of Richard Ward, deceased; 
Richard Ward, Jr., executor. Among items: Dr. Funeral Expenses, 
370 pounds of tobacco, 17 s:6. Cr., By Inventory and appraisement, 
ii 12:1 1:10; By a second Inventory and appraisement, i8:o:8. Presented 
and recorded at Court held 3 June, 1728. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1725-37, 
p. 184.) 

1727. Dr. The estate of Mary Ward, deceased. Among items : Funeral 
charges: Coffin and digging ye grave 0:6:0, 2^ gallons of rum & 8 lbs 
sugar 0:17:6. By inventory of estate, £32: 6:7^^, Presented by Thomas 
Knib and recorded 6 April, 1730. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1725-37, p. 265.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 197 

executor of the will of Richard Ward, deed, may be ordered to be de- 
liver to him his part of the estate of said deed. ; upon consideration of the 
will of said Richard Ward, deed, ordered that said Richard do deliver 
to said John his part of his father's estate, &c, (Henrico Court, Order 
Book, 1719-24, p. 349, 366, 373). Court October 5, 1725, John Ward one 
of the orphans of Richard Ward, deed., acknowledged to have received 
his estate from his guardian, Richard Ward whom he discharges hereby 
from his bond. (Ibid. VoL 4, i677-i739» p. 55). October 5, 1731, John 
Ward conveyed to Benjamin Ward (both of the parish and county of 
Henrico) for £32:ios. curr. 267 acres in parish and county of Henrico, 
south side James River beginning at Kingsland Creek, running along divid- 
ing line between Richard Ward, his parcel of land, and the aforesaid tract; 
line between aforesaid land and Bladcman Ward his parcel of land. 
Hannah, wife of John Ward, relinquishes dower. (Ibid, Vol. 1725-37, p. 
324.) I739» John Ward, a defendant in suit (Henrico Records, Order 
Book 1737-46^ p. 75). June I739» John Ward, defendant (Ibid. p. loi). 
July 1740, a defendant (Ibid, p. 113). October 1740^ same (p. 128). Sep- 
tember 1742, John Ward summoned for misbehavior in constable's office 
(Ibid, p. 193). January 1742/3 John Ward presents two powers of at- 
torney signed by Richard Ward (p. 201). March 1742/3, Jno. Ward, de- 
fendant (p. 214). February 1743/4 John Ward, plaintiff (p. 247). June 
1746, John Ward presented by grand jury for swearing and is fined (Ibid. 
p. 393). October 1746, it was proved (on presentation of a letter of at- 
torney from Richard Ward to Richard Ward) that John Ward was a 
brother of Richard Ward (Ibid, p. 416). 

in. Elizabeth* Ward. October 1724, the estate of Elizabeth Ward, 
daughter of Richard Ward, delivered to her guardian (jilbert Elam. (Ibi± 
Order Book. 1719-24, pp. 353, 358, 363.) No further record of Elizabeth* 
Ward has been found. 

IV. Bladcman* "Ward. There has been discovered no direct evidence 
that Bladcman Ward was a son of Richard Ward, but it is not improba- 
ble that he was a son of Richard Ward by his second wife Elizabeth 
Bladcman. From all data thus far discovered about the Wards this 
would seem to be the correct "pladng" of Bladcman Ward. The fol- 
lowing are notes from Henrico Records relative to him : Dec 1740, Peti- 
tion of Bladcman Ward vs. William Womack, dismissed (Order Book 
1737-46, p. 130) ; Nov. 1741- A suit in chancery between Blackman Ward 
and Joseph Ward cont'd. (Ibid, p. 162) April 1742, Suit in chancery, Black- 
man Ward vs. Joseph Ward, defendant files answer which plantiff's at- 
torney on his motion, hath time to consider (Ibid, p. 176) ; May 1742. Black- 
man Ward vs. Joseph Ward cont'd, (Ibid. p. 183) ; July 1742, the same 
cont'd, (Ibid. p. 187) ; Sept 1742, the same, referred to next court for tryall 
(Ibid, p. 191) ; Sept 1742, Blackman Ward, appointed constable in room of 
John Ward (Ibid. p. 193) ; Dec 1742; Blackman Ward vs. Joseph Ward dis- 



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198 William and Mary Quasterly 

missed ; complaint f aifing to prosecute (Ibid., p. 197) ; May 1746. 
Blackman Ward, a witness, (Ibid., p, 370) ; It appears by deed 
of Henry Ward to Seth Ward, (Henrico Records, VoL 1744-48^ 
p. 223) that in November 1746 Blackman Ward owned land on soudi side 
of James River, Henrico County [this portion became Chesterfield in 
1749] adjoining Seth Ward, Joseph Ward and Richard Ward. October 
2, 1786, Blackman Ward, (his X mark) of Dale Parish, Chesterfiekl 
County to Amos Hatcher, son of Obadiah Hatcher, of Halifax Cotmty, 
Deed of gift, 266 acres in Dale Parbh, Chesterfield Cx>unty, adjoining 
Thomas Clajrton, James Ferguson, Seth Ward, deceased, Christopher 
Branch, Branch Tanner and Benjamin Chaulkley, it being land said 
Blackman now lives on; said Ward to have privilege of living on any 
part of said land during his life, and use of any houses thereon. (Chester- 
field (bounty. Deed Book 11, p. 225.) Blackman Ward, of Dale Parish, 
Chesterfield Cx>unty; Friend Blanks Moody, son of Henry Moody, negro 
named Jade and £50 cash. Friend Thos. Clayton £5 cash; Friend David 
Chaulkley, remainder of estate of every kind consisting of stodc, money, 
household and kitchen furniture and everything else to me appertaining. 
Executors: friends Bernard Markham and Thos. CHieatham. Dated 
— , 1789. The will unsigned and proved by the depositions of sev- 
eral parties who had heard said Blackman Ward say that such were his 
bequests. (CHiesterfield (To., Will Book 4, p. 235.) * 

4. Eward* Ward (Richard,^ Seth}), bom circa 1660. There 
are only a few mentions of him in the Records, and they are as fol- 
lows : April 1691 a patent was granted to Gilbert Elam, Sr., Gil- 
bert Elam, Jr., and Edward Ward for 1015 acres of land on 
Fallen [Falling] Creek, Varina Parish, Henrico County. (Ras- 
ter of the Land (Office, Patent Book 8, p. 147.) Gilbert Elam, Sr., 
of Henrico County, in his will dated February 17, 1693/4 (pro- 
bated June I, 1696) mentions (among others) son-in-law Edward 
Ward. On August i, 1702, Edward Ward, of the parish and 
county of Henrico, conveyed to William Soane, of the same parish 
and county (for 1430 pounds of tobacco) 150 acres in parish 
and coimty aforesaid, on north side of Falling Creek, being part 
of 2015 acres formerly taken up and patented by Gilbert Elam, 
Sr., Gilbert Elam, Jr., and said Edward Ward. (Henrico Records, 



* October 1740. Thomas Ward to help clear road of which Day is 
overseer. (Henrico Records, Order Book 1737-46, p. I57-) It is not im- 
probable that Thomas Ward was another son of Richard* Ward. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 199 

Vol. 1697-1704, p. 291.) On January 28, 1692/3, Edward Ward, 
of Varina Parish, Henrico County, conveyed to Seth Ward, of 
same parish and county, planter, 150 acres on south side of James 
River, Henrico County, boimded by the river and ye old footpath 
that goes up Falling Creek, to a white oak near ye Woolf pit, upper 
end of ye bounds that was between ye said Edward Ward and 
Seth Ward (Ibid. 1688-97, P- 382). On January 28, 1692/3 Seth 
Ward, of Varina Parish, Henrico Coimty conveyed to Edward 
Ward, of same parish and county, planter, 150 acres on south 
side of James River, parish of Varina, coimty of Henrico, 
bounded on Seth Ward's land ye lower side, and ye upper side 
binding upon Richard Ward, the lower side bounding upon ye 
river; "line of markt trees formerly markt by my father"; "ye 
left hand of ye foot path as goes into ye Kings Highway by ye 
Spring run side" ; "ye hill of Falling Creek" {Ibid, Vol. 1688-97, 
p. 383). October i, 1704, Edward Ward, of Henrico County, 
planter, conveyed to Robert Boiling, Sr., of Prince George County 
(for 6700 pounds of tobacco) 150 acres in Henrico County on 
south side of James River, adjoining Seth Ward, Richard Ward, 
"trees formerly marked by my father." (Ibid. Vol. 1697-1704, p. 
439). In the record of a suit in Henrico Coimty, May 1708, ap- 
pears the following: "Edward Ward being privately departed 
out of this county indebted to Robert Boiling & Co.," (Ibid. 
Order Book 1707-09, p. 39). And with this mention Edward 
Ward disappears from the records of Henrico. 

/ 
(To be continued) 



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200 WnXIAM AND MaRY QUARTERLY 

COLONEL HOLT RICHESON'S HEIRS IN 1852 ♦ 

G>mmunicated by Mrs. G. W. Bonte^ of New York 

At a Court held for the County of Mason in the State of 
Kentucky on the nth day of May one thousand eight hundred and 
fifty two, at the Court house thereof in City of Maysvilie. 

Present Lewis Collins Presiding Judge of the Mason County 
Court "The Court being fully satisfied in the premises, it is or- 
dered to be certified that the following persons are the heirs, and 
the only living heirs of Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, late of King 
William County Virginia viz. 

First — John B. Richeson, of Maysvilie, Kentucky, who is the 
only living child of the said Holt Richeson deceased. 

Second — James Francis Row and Thomas Row, infants, in 
the care of William Martin of King and Queen County, Va. who 
are children of Thomas Row, who was a son of Mary Row (form- 
erly Frazer) deceased, who was a daughter of Mary Frazer (form, 
erly Richeson) deceased, who was a daughter of the said Col. 
Holt Richeson deceased, and the wife of William Frazer: also 
Elizabeth Truehart wife of Peter G. Truehart of Richmond, Va. 
Agnes Messinger, wife of Francis C. Messinger of Camden, 
Maine, Helen Cutting, wife of William H. Cutting of Boston, 
Mass. John D. Frazer of Boston, Mass, and Mildred W. Frazer 
of Richmond, Va., all children of Alexander Frazer deceased, who 
was a son of said Mary Frazer (formerly Richeson) deceased, 
who was a daughter of the said Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, and 
wife of William Frazer, as aforesaid. 

Third — Mary E. C. Quarles, infant (with her mother Mrs. 
Mary E. W. Quarles in Maysvilie, Ky.) who is a daughter of 
Francis West Quarles, deceased, who was a son of Frances 
Quarles, deceased, (formerly Richeson) who was a daughter of 
the said Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, and the wife of Benjamin 



* See QuASTERLY XXVII., for Richeson records. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 201 

Quarles, also Thomas D. Quarles of Richmond, Va., Susan 
Pemberton, wife of Thomas Pemberton of Richmond, Va. who 
are children of the said Francis Quarles deceased, (formerly 
Richeson) who was a daughter of the said Col. Holt Richeson, de- 
ceased, and the wife of Benjamin Quarles as aforesaid. 

Fourth — Mrs. Mary E. W. Quarles of Maysville, Ky. the 
widow of Francis West Quarles and who is the only child of 
Francis West Richeson, deceased, a son of the said Col. Holt 
Richeson, deceased. 

Fifth ^ Cornelius Eubank and Ann E. Eubank, infants (living 
with Mrs. Mary E. W. Quarles of Maysville, Ky.) who are chil- 
dren of Eliza Eubank (formerly Mattox) deceased, who was a 
daughter of Jane Pearcy Mattox (formerly Richeson) deceased, 
who was a daughter of the said Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, and 
the wife of John Mattox: also James B. Mattox of Essex, Va. 
John H. Mattox of Richmond Va. William West Mattox of 
Petersburgh, Va. Edwin A. Mattox of St. Louis, Mo. and Francis 
Mattox, near St. Louis, Mo., children of said Jane Pearcy Mattox 
(formerly Richeson) deceased, who was a daughter of the said 
Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, and wife of John Mattox, as afore- 
said. 

Sixth — Four children names unknown, of Mary de- 
ceased, who was a daughter of Elizabeth Fleet (formerly Riche- 
son) deceased, who was a daughter of said Col. Holt Richeson, 
deceased, and the wife of John W. Fleet : also Miss Bettie Fleet 
of Maysville, Ky. and Edwin Fleet of King & Queen Virginia, 
children of the said Elizabeth Fleet (formerly Richeson) deceased, 
who was a daughter of the said Col. Holt Richeson, deceased, and 
the wife of John W. Fleet, as aforesaid." 



State of Kentucky Mason County Set. 

I, Robert A. Cochran, Qerk of the County Court of the County 
of Mason in the State of Kentucky, do hereby certify, that the 
preceeding pages contain a true and perfect transcript of what 
they purport to be, as the same remain on record in my office. 



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202 WnXIAM AND MaRY QuAKTERLY 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and af&xed 
the Seal of said Q>urt. 

Done at office in the City of Maysville this 3rd. day of Sep- 
tember in the year 1852. 

Robt. A. Cochran C. M. C. 

State of Kentucky, Mason County Set 

I, Lewis Collins, Presiding Judge of the Mason County Court 
in the State of Kentucky, do hereby certify, that Robert A. 
Cochran is Qerk of said Court and that his attestation is in due 
portion of law. 



Given under my hand this 3rd. September 1852. 

Lewis Collins, P. J. C. C. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 203 

LETTERS 
John Preston to Francis Preston 

jy Brother, 

We have poured in a torrent of Letters upon you which to 
answer will take you a few days. I believe every person who 
writes you wishes an answer from you. I believe the chief part 
of them are on the subject of friendship and least I should fall 
into the same style I'll confine mine to business. 

The Court of Montgomery being altered last session from the 
fourth to the first Tuesday in each month brings on the election 
sooner in April than was expected, this circumstance will compel 
you to leave Williamsburgh shortly, as you must if you expect to be 
elected, certainly be present when you are polled for. If you are 
not quite so perfect in your studies as you could wish you might 
go back immediately after the election and continue as long as 
you thought necessary. I'm anxious you should be present as I 
have made many promises already. I have pledged myself that 
nothing but sickness or some unforeseen accident will prevent 
you. I shall about the 20th of next month send a horse to Rich- 
mond for you, and my waggon can bring up anything you have. 
Johnny Smith will then be in the City & this boy will bring any 
light cloathes you want, tis he that takes the Horse down for you 
& will accompany you up, also give a full account of anything 
you are already desirous of hearing. 

If you really wish to be elected & will put yourself to some 
trouble I think you may have it done. Col° Cloyd's popularity is 
much hurt owing to his opposing a division of the County, yet 
he offers, but if opposed in the smallest degree will fail. Capt. 
Sayers declines offering & is your friend, so is CoP Cloyd. Col** 
Trigg will never serve again tho he should be chosen. Cap* Evans 
will stand a poll but is not eligible, he has been a deputy sheriff 
within a year passed. A Col° Ward is talked of, who is a very 
clever fellow, tho' little known, & will not put himself to any trou- 
ble to acquaint the people of him. So that you see you stand fairer 



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204 William and Mary Quarterly 

for the representation than ever you did, or perhaps if you fail now, 
ever will, therefore Til advise you under every difficulty to be pres- 
ent, in which FU assist you all that lies in my power. Be at Rich- 
mond by the 20th of March at the furthest fully ready to leave it 
for Montgomery. You ought to prepare a political speech & de- 
liver it to them, if it should consist of froth only it will please, but 
let it touch on the principals of government, the office of a repre- 
sentative &c, how amenable he is to the people for his conduct & 
submit yourself to them alone. The division of the County is the 
main object among them therefore tho' it should be contrary to 
your opinion you must be for it. 

Many other things you will be obliged to do to make yourself 
agreeable, tho' not pleasing to you. I'll inform you what they are 
when you arrive, which will be time enough. 

Remember me to James Breckenridge & Brown & tell them I 
wish to hear from them, but cannot write till they give me a 
subject to go upon, which, if they neglect to do will deprive me of 
the happiness of writing, as my Genius is so drained that I cannot 
start anything worth their consideration. No news from the 
westward. Congress, it is reported, is about to raise a great army, 
for what purpose I do not know. 

I am with true affection. 



Your brother. 



(Addressed) M' Francis Preston, 
Williamsburgh. 



J. Preston, 
Smithfield. 
Feb^ I7"» 1787. 



NOTE. — These two brothers in the letter above were General John 
Preston and General Francis Preston, sons of Colonel William Preston, 
of "Greenfield," Botetourt County, Virginia. General Francis Preston 
was bom August 2, 1765, studied law at William and Mary College under 
George Wythe, (1787), practiced his profession, served in the Legislature 
and Congress, and became Major General of militia, djring May 25, 1835. 
He married Sarah Campbell, daughter of Colonel William Campbell, of 
King's Mountain fame, and was father of William C. Preston and John S. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 205 

Preston, both distinguished orators and public men. James Breckenridge 
(1763-1833) State legislator, congressman (brother of John Breckenridge of 
Kentucky), to whom John Preston refers in his letter was a son of Robert 
Breckenridge and Letitia Preston, aunt of Francis Preston. He (James 
Breckenridge) was a student of Law of the College under Judge Wythe. 
'•Brown," named in the letter must have been a Law student. He was proba- 
bly John Brown (1757-1837) U. S. Senator, &c., who was a son of Rev. John 
Brown and Margaret Preston, another aunt of Francis Preston. If this 
was the case, Brown had returned to College, since he is known to have 
been here in 1779-1780. See Letters of John Brown Quarterly, IX., 
18-23, 75-85. 

Gov. Wilson Gary Nicholas to A. J. Dallas 

Warren, May 10, 181 5. 
My dear Sir, 

I am really ashamed & distressed to withdraw your attention 
for a moment from the mighty public concerns of the two most 
important departments of the government. I rely upon your good- 
ness and, flattering self, I may say upon your friendship, for my 
apology. I fear from the manner in which you express yourself 
that I do not believe there is much probability of your being able 
to effect a loan for me upon the terms I offer. I fear I did not 
express myself dearly. I gave the choice of 8 per cent or the 
Bank dividend. If money should become more valuable, if the 
lender should take the Bank Dividend, he will be sure to receive 
a higher premium which makes it better for him than to purchase 
stock because he will receive it upon the par, instead of the par 
& the advance above par, which he would have to pay if he was 
to purchase stock. 

These things money lenders understand better than I do. I 
wish only to add upon this subject that if you can effect such a 
n^otiation you will greatly oblige & serve me, & it is very impor- 
tant I should know in the course of this month. I will be in 
Richmond by the 20"* Instant & I b^ the favour of you to write 
to me at that place as soon after that time as you can make it 
convenient. I enclose a letter for the Secretary of the Navy 
applying for a warrant for my son John as you advised, which 
you will be pleased to have delivered & I b^ the favour of you 
to give him your aid. 



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2o6 WnxiAM AND Mary Quakterly 

You ask me what I think of the restoration of Bonaparte, 
I should say miracles will never cease if I was to yield to first 
impressions, but reflecting will say that the late revolution is not 
so extraordinary as that of the last year. We then witnessed 
the first general of the age, sovereign of the most powerful, war- 
like and proud nation in Europe, with his nation, yield to their 
foes, almost without an effort to resist them. We saw a feeble con- 
temned & hated race of princes and nobles, restored to the throne 
& their privileges, & the proudest and most ambitious of mortals 
bartering his power, glory, diadems, wife & child, for security to 
his person & a b^garly subsistance. These were astonishing 
events. That Bonaparte shou'd put his life to hazard to r^jain 
what he lost, ought to have been expected. That the French 
people & particularly his own officers & soldiers would second him, 
ought to have been foreseen by the dotards at Vienna, who were 
disposing of nations with as little ceremony as we do of our 
farms, while the train was laying that which may possibly end in 
their ruin. When the Prince regent was exhibiting sham battles 
upon the serpentine river, Jonathan was mauling his subjects 
on this side of the Atlantic with the most deadly blows, and 
while the hereditary princes of the Continent were amusing them- 
selves with titles and tournaments, the upstart Bonaparte with 
the aid of his vulgar & low bom friends in France were planning 
their destruction. This will teach those who evidently & fool- 
ishly believe they have a divine right to govern, that some atten- 
tion must be paid to the wishes, the interest and even the preju- 
dices of the people of any country. There was much in the 
former government of Bonaparte to make the people of France 
dissatisfied with it, but that picking war not strong enough to 
induce them to submit to every species of degradation & humilia- 
tion, to get rid of him. When the int^^ity of the Empire & the 
glory of the great nation were identified with his restoration he 
became the rallying point for every real Frenchman. It was then 
demonstrated that the attachment to character, glory and national 
independence were stronger passions than the love of ease and the 
hatred of conscriptions. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 207 

The restoration of Bonaparte will most probably cause a re- 
newal of war in Europe. Old animosities, recent mortifications & 
the important countries in Europe that are to be disposed of 
forbid the expectation of peace. 

How will this aflFect us ? If we are wise, I think we have no- 
thing to fear from it, and have only to let it be distinctly under- 
stood that we will not submit to wrongs from either belligerent & 
that we take no part in their quarrels farther than they may make 
it necessary to defend our rights. To convince them it is our 
determination to do this, we must keep ourselves in armour. There 
are no other means of enforcing respect but an adequate land 
and naval force that can be employed at a moment's warning. 
These it is true will cost money, but it will be money well laid 
out and in the end will save both blood and treasure. 

I am, my dear sir, 

With the greatest respect & 

r^^rd your hum. Serv., 

W. C. Nicholas. 
[Addressed] A. J. Dallas, Esqr., 

Washington. 

NOTE. — Wilson Cary Nicholas was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, 
January 31, 1761, son of Robert Carter Nicholas, the distinguished Treas- 
urer of the G>lony. He studied Law at William and Mary in 1779, repre- 
sented Albemarle County for many years in the Legislature, was Senator 
of the United States, was governor (Dec. i, 1814 — Dec. i, 1816). He 
died at "Tufton," the residence of his son-in-law Thomas Jefferson 
Randolph, Albemarle County, Virginia, Oct 10, 1820. 



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208 WHXIAM AND MaKY QUARTERLY 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL DATA 

Recent Accessions to the Virginia State Library : "(a) 
A detailed card inventory of the records of Isle of Wight County 
brought down to the date where each classification of records 
(deeds, wills, orders, etc) has its own series of volumes devoted 
to that classification of material; which was presented by Mrs. 
Olaf Axell Ljungstedt, of Chevy Chase, Md. — this being the 
second one presented, while half a dozen more are promised and 
in the process of development, (b) The work of indexing the 
Confederate Records is going on very satisfactorily, and I find 
that we have written and arranged some thirty of the one hun- 
dred and forty thousand, as estimated, (c) We have recently un- 
earthed twenty-five bound volumes of original manuscript muster 
— and pay-rolls of the War of 1812 (Virginia forces, of course), 
which seem to approximate some two hundred thousand names, 
if I may quote an estimate. Of course, these do not constitute 
Virginia's quota; but, if a raiment of one thousand men, for 
instance, has its pay rolls for ten different months in these papers, 
that would mean ten thousand names on the papers covering 
those ten months, — but the truth of the matter is that we cannot 
hope to tell the number of different names until the cards have 
been written and consolidated. At any rate, it means that the 
Daughters of the War of 1812 will have an opportunity to ex- 
pand in Virginia, once this material is indexed, so that persons 
can secure the evidence therein contained that their ancestors 
participated in that struggle, (d) There were also sundry gifts 
of isolated manuscripts ; and one gift of an old ink-well used by 
the Justices of the County Court of Orange, which is to be the 
nucleus of a collection of typical specimens of the "implements" 
which were used to produce the records of Virginia's past, — the 
ink-well, the quill pen, wafers, seals, etc." — Morgan P. Robinson, 
State Archivist. 

Parishes. — "I know of four parishes in the Colony that be- 
sides house, glebe and perquisites are really worth 80 £ per annum 
viz. : Middle Plantation Parish where there is a new church built 



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William and Mary Quarterly 209 

with brick that cost 8cx) £, two parishes in Gloucester County and 
that M' Secretary Spencer lived in, Westmoreland County. But 
I fear the last, when he leaves it, will not be worth it by a good 
deal." — Lord Thomas Culpeper's Letter, 25 Septr, 1683. 

Princeton. — Henry Lee took his degree at Princeton, Sept. 
30, 1 771 ; Charles Lee, Oct. 28, 1771. 

Stark. — Deed of Burwell Stark of the County of Dinwiddie 
conveying to his brother Lewis his right in a certain tract due 
to his brother William Stark as lieutenant in Colonel George 
Baylor's regiment June 3, 1783. (Ths deed is among the Mili- 
tary Warrants, Land Office, Richmond, Va.) 

Justices of Prince George Co. — Court at Fitzgerald's, 
April, 1738. Present Robert Boiling, William Harrison, William 
Stark, William Poythress, John Banister, John Ravenscroft and 
Anthony Peniston, Justices. 

Marriages. — Married on the 27th instant by Rev. Mr. Logan, 
Granville Smith, Esq., to Miss Marianna L. Pleasants, daughter 
of James Pleasants, Esq., of Goochland Co. — Richmond Enquirer, 
Oct. 30, 1812. 

Whaley's Free School. — ^William Rose succeeds the late 
Master Mr. Jacob Bruce. — Virginia Gazette, April 14, 1768. 

Convict Women. — ^Answer of Mr. Micajah Perry refusing to 
take the said women; sent to the Leeward Islands, 1697. — (MSS. 
British Office.) 

The Fresh in James River, 1771. — "The greatest Fresh 
that ever was known in the memory of any man now living was 
on Monday 27'** day of May, 1771. The water rose into many 
of the dwelling houses to the upper floors, so that many houses 
were carried away by the rapidness of the stream. Tho* 
Worsham's hand" (writing on the fly leaf of a code of 1769 in 
the State Library). 



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2IO William and Mary Quarterly 

School. — L. H. Girardin advertises a school at North Milton, 
Albemarle Co. — Richmond Enquirer, Oct. 3, 1812. (This was 
Louis Hue Girardin, who compiled the 4^ volume of Burk's His- 
tory of Virginia.) 

Bradby. — We hear from Surry that Capt. James Bradby died 
there last Tuesday night. — Virginia Gazette, Feb. 17, i737-*38. 

Goodrich. — Robert Goodrich living in James City Co. in 1737. 
Thomas Ravenscroft, next friend to Anne Goodrich and Eliza- 
beth Goodrich, infant orphans of Benjamin Goodrich versus the 
petition of Philip Ludwell for an acre of land on Chickerhouse 
Creek, James City Co., Nov. 17, 171 9. 

Robert Burwell's Plantation. — "A very good tract of 
land in Warrasqueake Bay" (now known as Burwell Bay), 
"James River, in Isle of Wight County about ten miles below 
Hog Island containing about three thousand five hundred acres, 
whereon are three plantations cleared, and in good order for 
cropping, sufficient to work thirty-five hands. On the manor 
plantation is a handsome brick house sixty by twenty-six feet, 
two stories high, well furnished and wainscotted with two brick 
houses forty feet by twenty; bams, stables and every other 
necessary house, a handsome garden completely laid off a hun- 
dred and five yards by seventy-five. On the three plantations 
there are at least 1,700 apple trees and a great variety of other 
fruits. Near the said land is a tract containing eighty-five acres, 
with a well accustomed mill thereon and as fine a stream as any in 
the colony &c. Apply to subscribers who live on the spot 
Robert Burwell, Nathaniel Burwell (Virginia Gazette, June 3, 
1771.) (For will of Hon. Robert Burwell see Quarterly, VII., 
PP-3II-3I30 



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William and Mary Quarterly 211 

BOOK REVIEWS 
Jefferson Davis, By Armistead C. Gordon. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1918. 

This life of Mr. Davis, by Mr. Gordon, is a fair and impartial estimate 
of one of the most remarkable men the South has produced. Jefferson 
Davis was not only a man of great talent, but his private life was unim- 
peachable. He united great cleanliness of living with a personal dignity 
which no circumstances could lower. When all is said, the manner in 
which he discharged his duties as chief executive of the Confederacy could 
not have been improved upon. He came out the loser in the Civil War, 
and has had to pay the penalty of the game. His antagonist, at the head of 
the opposite government, though he made numberless mistakes, and was 
without any personal dignity, came out the winner, and to success was 
added the martjrrdom of assassination. Thus, through the Northern 
people controlling the policy of a great nation, and through a propagandism 
that has suppressed all accusing facts, Lincoln has been put on a pedestal 
with the world's highest. But what a confession of impotence was wrung 
from him when he resorted to the employment of a part of the South's 
own population — 150,000 negro troops — to suppress the right of self- 
determination in the South, declaring that without them **he would have 
to abandon the war in three weeks." Mr. Gordon has done his work well. 
He could not go into all details, and has had to select the most salient 
and important points. Possibly a trifle more emphasis might have been 
laid upon Confederate victories in the second year of the war. Neither 
Lee's great victory of Second Manassas nor his victory at Fredericks- 
burg, which came near bringing recognition of Southern independence from 
England, is named in the book as far as the Editor can discern. The 
successes of this second year were a wonderful tribute to Mr. Davis. To 
all carpings against Mr. Davis Mr. Gordon quotes the language of Gen- 
eral Lee, which ought to bring conviction : "If my opinion is worth any- 
thing, you can always say that few people could have done better than 
Mr. Davis. I know of none that could have done as weU." 

The Freedom of the Seas. By Charles Stewart Davison. MoflFett, Yard 
and Company, New York, 1918. 

This little publication comprises letters written by Mr. Davison to 
different American papers during the 12 months preceding June 11, 1918. 
While it appears that the term, *Treedom of the Seas," has had no definite 
meaning, Mr. Davidson submits suggestions for future immunities of the 
sea during times of war. He shows that President Wilson's freedom 
of the seas can be only absolute if the idea of a league of nations assumes 
practical shape. 



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212 William and Mary Quarterly 

From Isolation to Leadership. By John H. Latane, Ph. D., LL. D., Pro- 
fessor of American History in Johns Hopkins University. Double- 
day, Page & Co., New York, 1918. 

This is a very neat review of the foreign policy of the United States. 
From the position of refusal to meddle with any State we have gradually 
proceeded to meddle with all. This constant reaching out has been ac- 
companied with constant denial We are now to have the greatest fleet 
in the world, but it is to be a matter for defence only. It is but just to 
claim that so far action has mainly squared with the spirit. With all the 
departures from isolation the United States has for the most part sought 
the good of the world. Our President Wilson lays out a program for the 
world's recognition, but he proceeds not according to the suggestions of 
self-interest which have hitherto controlled European diplomacy, but 
according to principles of justice and right Perhaps the late policy of 
interfering with everything is after all the correct one — it is all in the 
manner of the interference. In a certain sense our neighbor's affairs are 
our own, and we cannot shirk the duty of being our brother's keeper. 
Indeed, it may be said that our early policy was only one step removed 
from that of China, which built a wall around itself. The new policy 
of kindly interference seems after all to be according to the Golden Rule. 
But there is a real danger that, with the still greater increase of wealth 
and population, the United States may be tempted eventually to play the 
dictator instead of the sympathetic friend. An accession of great influ- 
ence in the world is very demoralizing. Under its influence the brave 
nation too often becomes a braggart nation, the philanthropic nation too 
often a nation of overbearing conceit, which makes it odious. How will 
it be fifty years hence when our population will reach 200,000,000 and no 
rival in all the world will remain? 

Life and Diary of John Floyd. By Charles H. Ambler, Ph. D. 

This is an interesting account of almost forgotten days in Virginia. 
The chief interest of the book lies, of course, in the Diary which Mr. 
Ambler has been kind enough to give to the public It covers the period 
from March, 1831, to February, 1834, and is of much value in connection 
with nullification and Andrew Jackson's presidency. Mr. Floyd was a 
resident of Southwest Virginia, but he had the politics of Eastern Vir- 
ginia. He is rather unfortunate, therefore, in his biographer, for Mr. 
Ambler seems to have a grouch against the Eastern part of State, which 
shows itself in all his works. Mr. Floyd is designated as an "apostle of 
secession," as if Floyd went about preaching the doctrine from the stump, 
which he never did. Mr. Floyd was, on the contrary, a strong advocate 
of the Union and was an advocate of secession only in case of the employ- 
ment of force by Andrew Jackson against South Carolina. In his account of 



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William and Mary Quarterly 213 

Floyd's connection with the Oregon question, which, however, constitutes 
an earlier experience not embraced in the Diary, Mr. Ambler makes a con- 
tribution of distinct value. Floyd saw the advantages of Oregon and was 
the first to bring its occupation to the attention of the country. In char- 
acter Floyd was a man of strong feelings, but was above any sordid views 
and a thorough lover of his State. He was a nullifier, but his character 
as an opponent of slavery showed that slavery was not necessarily bound 
up with nullification as often asserted. 

The Gordons in Virginia, By Armistead C. Gordon. William M. Gemans, 
Publisher, Hackensack, New Jersey, 1918. 

The capacity for work by Mr. Gordon, who is a busy lawyer of 
Staunton, Virginia, is shown by his different publications during the year. 
He has not only contributed articles to magazines of national circulation, 
but has impressed his labors upon two excellent works — one his Life of 
Jefferson Davis and now this detailed account of all the Gordons, who 
came to Virginia as well as of some leading families of the name in 
Scotland and Ireland. Without those representatives who figured in Vir- 
ginia, the State chronicles would be much reduced in interest. Talent 
along many lines has been conspicuous from the time of their incoming. 
The edition of the present work is limited to 300 and it contains 171 pages 
with an excellent index. 

The Education of Henry Adams. An autobiography. Printed at the 
Riverside Press for the Massachusetts Historical Society, 191 8. 

This is a very interesting work of a brilliant member of a brilliant 
family. It goes on to show how his education was constantly being modi- 
fied by his experiences in life. The profoundest lessons that he learned 
were not the lessons of reason, but "the strains which permanently warp 
the mind." Mr. Adams had many and varied connections with public men, 
and with none of them were his first conceptions the permanent ones. 
His education was ever changing because society and the men who 
formed it were ever changing. The book is, nevertheless, a decided con- 
tribution to American history. 



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\ 



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Works of Lyon G. Tyler 

President of JVilUam and Mary College, 
Williamsburg^ Virginia. 

X. Letters and Times of the Tylers. 

Being a work in three volumes covering the lives of John Tyler. Sr^ 
Governor of Virginia, and his son, John Tyler, President of the 
United States, with a running commentary on political events from 
1775 to 1861. Price $7 (Express to he paid by purchaser). Apply to 
the author. 

a. Cradle of the Republic — Jamestown and James River. 

A detailed history of Jamestown and the other James River settle- 
ments. Second edition, rewritten, enlarged and copiously illustrated. 
Sent to any place in the United States free of postage for $3. Apply 
to the author. 

3. Williamsburg, the old Colonial Capital. 

Copiously illustrated. Williamsburg is full of interest as the capital 
of Virginia during the American Revolution, and the seat of William 
and Mary College. Sent to any place in the United States free of 
postage for $2.50. Apply to the author. 

4. Parties and Patronage in the United States, 

in G. P. Putnam's "Questions of the Day." Out of Print 

5. Narratives of Early Virginia (1606-1625). 

Charles Scrihner's Sons, Publishers, New York. 

6. The English in America. 

(Volume IV. in Hart's American Nation). Harper & Brothers, Pub- 
lishers, New York. 

7. Men of Mark in Virginia. 

In five volumes. ^ Men of Mark Publishing Co., Washington, D. C 

8. Biographical Dictionary of Virginia. 

In five volumes. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York. 1915. 

9. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. 
Lyon G. Tyler, Editor; William Cla3rton Torrence, Associate Editor. 
This Magazine is devoted chiefly to the early history and families 
of Virginia. All unsigned articles contributed by the Editor, Lyon G. 
Tyler. It enters on its twenty-seventh volume with the July number, 
1918. 

Subscription price is $3.00 per year. Back numbers furnished only to 
subscribers. Single copies $1.00. No discount to the trade. An index 
to Genealogic Data in the first sixteen volumes will be furnished on 
application. 



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Vol. xxvn.. No. 4 



APRIL, 1919 



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/ 



William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol, XXVII. APRIL, 1919 No. 4 

CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

The South and Self-Determination . 217 

The Example of Germany 226 

Memoranda Relating to the College , 230 

Captivity of John Bradley ...... 242 

William Massey's Will ,...,..., 244 

Jacob McConathy's Letter of Recommendation 247 

Fredericksburg in Revolutionary Days , , 248 

Ward Family ...,.., 258 

Higginbotham Family of Virginia *..... 294 

Historical and Genealogical Notes .......,,,. , 299 

Book Reviews ,....., . , . , 304 



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XKHiUiam anb Aar^ (^oUcqc 

Gluarterlj? 1)i0torical flDagasine 



Vol, XXVII APRIL, 1919 No. 4 



THE SOUTH AND SELF-DETERMINATION 

The following appeared in the columns of the New Republic 
for November 30, 1918: 

To the Editor of the "New Republic": 

Sir, — In your issue of November 16, 1918, page 54, occurs the follow- 
ing: 'There was a deep kinship between the passion for power which ob- 
sessed the German mind and dominated German politics and the pas- 
sion of the southern slave owners for undisturbed power to own and 
exploit other human beings." How about the spirit which obsessed the 
nothem mind in 1861 to deny independence to a country like the South, 
half the size of Europe? Was there any kinship between this and the 
principle of "self-determination/' which was made the keynote of the 
war with Germany by the United States and the Entente? In his letter 
to the Russian government after the deposition of the Czar, Wilson, in 
setting forth the war aims of this government, wrote as follows: "No 
people must be forced under sovereignty under which it does not wish 
to live." Was the war of the North in 1861 exactly in conformity with this 
sentiment, or is there a suspicion that Germany's passion for power had 
a parallel in northern desire for exploiting the agricultural South through 
high tari£Fs and other expedients calculated to advance its pecuniary 
interests ? 

Lyon G. Tylbr. 

Williamsburg, Virginia. 

Comments of the Editor of the New Republic: 

President Tyler's inquiry is pertinent and calls for a candid answer. 
The answer is manifestly that the right of national self-determination, 
like other rights, depends for it^ validity upon the purposes which the 
assertion of the right is intended to serve. The object of the South in 
seceding from the Union was to obtain a free hand in order to perpetuate 
and extend the institution of negro slavery. That institution was essen- 
tially and irrevocably illiberal, inequalitarian, inhuman and anti-democratic. 



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2i8 William and Mary Quarterly 

If the South had succeeded in establishing an independent state with negro 
slavery as its essential formative institution, it would not only have or- 
ganized its own political and economic activities, around an autocratic 
principle, inimical to popular welfare and progress, but it would have 
compelled the North to subordinate the democratic ideals, implicit in its 
political and social institutions, to the development of a defensive power- 
state forever on guard against its autocratic neighbor. Lincoln was fully 
justified in declaring in the Gettysburg address that the North was fight<- 
ing for the security of popular government. 

In seceding the South was adopting the same offensively defensive 
policy the theory of which has since been worked up by German militarist 
publicists. The Republican party did not propose to interfere with the 
domestic institutions of the slave-owning states. If it had so proposed, 
in defiance of the G>nstitution, the South could probably have put up an 
effective resistance. All the Republicans sought to accomplish was to 
denationalize slavery by preventing it from spreading in the national 
domain. The South answered by seceding. Its secession was equivalent 
to the affirmation that slavery was an aggressive institution which, if it 
were not allowed room for expansion, could not survive under demo- 
cratic surroundings. Until it seceded the South was actually exercising 
the right of self-determination under the Constitution in the matter of 
owning slaves. But it insisted upon converting that right into an offen- 
sive principle, whose expansion was positively dangerous to the democracy 
of the North. In fighting to prevent secession the northern democracy 
was defending itself against attack. The results of the victory of the 
North vindicate this interpretation. If the North had been really en- 
gaged in violently suppressing any valid right of self-determination on 
the part of the South, retmion would have been impossible. The South 
would have remained an irreconcilable conquered province, like Bohemia 
or Poland, and would have ultimately achieved its independence. 

Once slavery was abolished the South had no sufficient motive for 
desiring independence. When the North insisted on the abolition of 
slavery as the one means of rooting out the cause of the Civil War, it 
was no more violating a valid right of self-determination than President 
Wilson was in insisting on the democratizing of the German government 
There is, as we indicated in the passage quoted by Mr. Tyler from our 
issue of November i6th, a real analogy between the issues under Ijring our 
Gvil War and those underlying the recent world war. In both cases an 
autocratic ruling class deliberately challenged opponents who were merely 
tr3ring to restrict its activity, and it did so on the pretense that the future 
safety of a whole people was imperilled. In both cases the real issue re- 
mained obscure until an American President defined the purpose of the 
two wars as the safeguarding of democracy, and deduced from the defini- 
tion the need of fighting on until slavery was abolished in the South and 
autocracy rooted out in Germany. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation 



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William and Mary Quarterly 219 

and Wilson's insistence upon the need of a League of Free Nations as 
an indispensable safeguard of democrapy, bestowed upon the two ulti- 
mately victorious causes the moral reinforcement without which there 
would have been no victory. A democratized Germany will follow the 
example of the South and acquiesce in the decision, provided the treaty 
of peace does not prevent her from exercising really valid rights of self- 
determination and place an excessively burdensome mort^gage on the 
future of the German people as a penalty for the errors of their past 

The agricultural South, like the agricultural West, has a genuine griev- 
ance against the industrial states of the North, East and the Middle West 
because of the protective tariff. There is, as Mr. Tyler intimates, also an 
analogy between the mania for political supremacy which drove the Ger- 
man ruling class to start the great war and the mania for industrial power 
and privileges which prompted one class of Americans to demand and ob- 
tain the worst excesses of tariff legislation. The high protectionism 
which was one of the unhappiest results of the Civil War, and which 
dominated American national economy until recently, has done more to 
cheapen and imperil the victory of the northern democracy than any single 
influence in American life during the past fifty years. The exponents of 
protectionist class economics who have done so much to deprive the Ameri- 
can democracy of the fruits of its victory over slavery will also prove to 
be the chief American enemies of the attempt to safeguard democracy by 
loyal participation in a League of Free Nations. But, however much 
Northern protectionist capitalism has succeeded in exploiting the South as 
a result of the Civil War, the North assuredly did not wage the Civil 
War with any such purpose remotely in mind. It was the secession of the 
South which supplied Northern capitalists with an opportunity which, if 
secession had not taken place, they would not have enjoyed to anything 
like the same extent. The great war will furnish them with an analogous 
opportunity in spite of the fact that it was not, as the Socialists allege, 
fought for the benefit of capitalism. It remains for American democracy 
to prevent them from taking advantage of it. 

We have answered Mr. Tyler's inquiry at some length, not because 
we wish to revive old controversies, but because of the bearing of the 
questions raised by him on the living issues of to-day. The right of 
national self-determination is not absolute. If there is to be any moral 
order in human government, nations must exercise the right for pur- 
poses which contribute to individual and social growth. The South did 
not propose to exercise the sovereign discretion on behalf of which it was 
fighting for liberal and human purposes. The 'lost cause" was an tm- 
worthy cause. In the recent war also the losing cause was the cause which 
deserved to lose. It remains to be seen whether the victorious nations will 
use their victory in a worthier manner than did the nothem democracy. 
Those of us who are working for the organization of a League of Free 
Nations are prompted by the conviction that **the most glorious victory 



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220 William and Maky Quastekly 

would be scarcely distinguishable from defeat unless thereby are laid the 
foundations of lasting peace." But lasting peace depends upon the exer- 
cise by the nations of their sovereign rights for the achievement of liberal, 
democratic and humane purposes. The chief object of a League of Na- 
tions is to secure the recognition of a system of international right which 
will not only make it more difficult for classes within a nation to live 
by the sweat of other men's faces, but which will guide nations to work 
collectively for the enhancement of individual and social life. 

To these comments of the Editor of the New Republic Dr. 
Tyler replied as follows:* 

Sir: I thank you for publishing my letter on The South and Self- 
Determination. Its main purpose was to deprecate remarks connecting 
the South with Germany. When thousands of young southern men were 
fighting for the flag in France there was no necessity, it seemed to me; of 
likening their fathers and grandfathers to the hateful Germans in any 
particular. 

But do you stkte the facts in 1861 correctly? Here was a confederacy 
more extensive than Germany and Austria combined and more populous 
than many independent nations. It had a constitution and an organized 
government It wanted no war and asked for independence only. It sent 
delegates to Washington with ofiFers to adjust equitably the national debt 
and all other common interests. Lincoln declined to see them, and, after 
a month of indedsion, sent an armed squadron to Fort Sumter. Five 
out of seven of his Cabinet disapproved and declared that the act would 
provoke hostilities. It did, and for four years a doubtful war raged, and 
even Lincoln said, in 1864, that without the 150,000 negro troops from 
the South's own population "We would have to abandon the war in three 
weeks." Assuredly, then, if self-determination is dependent upon power, 
if indeed, it contemplates government based upon consent, as voiced by 
the American Declaration of Independence and President Wilson, there 
can be no question that the North infringed upon the natural rights of 
the South. 

But your opinion is that self-determination applies only to cases 
having ''liberal and humane purposes." I do not know that this limitation 
gets us anywhere practically. To amount to anything self-determination 
must have the precise meaning of power and consent and the right of its 
own assertion. The nation against whom self-determination was exer- 
cbed would seldom admit that the purpose was "liberal and humane." 



*This is practically the letter which appeared in the New Republic 
for December 26, 1918. The limitations of that paper did not, however, 
permit quite the full statement which appears here. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 221 

Mere "purposes" are too vague, but accepting your limitation, I deny that 
to fight for constitutional rights and because of intolerable conditions 
has anything in them illiberal and inhumane. 

The immediate occasion of the appeal to self-determination by the 
South was the belief that its constitutional rights were violated, and there 
was a clear distinction between constitutional rights and slavery. That 
certain rights attached to slavery was admitted by everybody, even the 
abolitionists. Lincoln and the South differed only in degree, and while 
the former recognized such rights as existing in the States the latter 
extended them to the territories. Under his own view of respecting 
slavery in the States, Lincoln, if President in 1859, would have had to 
fight John Brown, and in doing so he would have said that he fought not 
for slavery, but for the constitutional rights of Virginia. The contested 
question of slavery in the territories was decided by the Supreme Court in 
the Dred Scott case against the North, and when Lincoln and the Republi- 
can Party defied the court, and Lincoln was made president by a purely 
sectional vote, South Carolina seceded, alleging a breach of the con- 
stitutional compact 

That to the Southern mind the importance of the territories was not 
the mere material consideration of extending the institution of slavery is 
shown by several facts: 

First, the number of persons who expected to reap any profit from 
the territories by going there with their slaves must, of course, have 
been very small compared with the number staying at home; second, 
very little of the western country was adapted to slave labor, and third, 
the Southerners resented restrictions upon Oregon and Utah, where no 
cotton would be grown advantageously, as much as upon the part adapted 
to its existence. But there was a fourth thing which put the motives of 
the South beyond dispute, and that was secession itself. By this act 
South Carolina voluntarily surrendered all her chances of material ad- 
vantage in the territories. Indeed, it is idle at this day to talk of the 
South being the aggressive factor in the long contest before the war. 
It was the case of the growing North, proud of its resources and bent on 
domination against the relatively weakening South, which resented dic- 
tation. 

Assuredly the permanent exclusion of slavery from all the national 
territories, which was what the Republicans wanted, was a more aggres- 
sive principle than the so-called "extension of slavery" which meant 
nothing more than the claim to hold slaves temporarily in a territbry till 
the population was numerous enough to make a State, able to decide the 
matter for itself. 

And now comes srour most astonishing statement Though South 
Carolina by her secession conceded just what the Republican Party wanted 
in the territories, you construe her actions as an attack, ^n fighting to 



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222 William and Mary Quarterly 

prevent secession, the northern democracy was defending itself against 
attack." The ground for this statement seems to be that "an inde- 
pendent South would not only have organized its own political and 
economic activities around an autocratic principle, inimical to popular wel- 
fare and progress, but it would have compelled the North to subordinate 
the democratic ideals, implicit in its political and social institutions, to the 
development of a defensive-power State forever on guard against its 
autocratic neighbor." 

This explanation seems to me to be rather farfetched. That the 
great "democracy" of the North with its far greater wealth, population 
and territory had anything to fear from an independent Soudi is con- 
trary to reason. If the strength of the South was such as intimated — 
one calculated to force the northern section to be "forever on its 
guard," this only proved how very unjust it was to deny its inde- 
pendence. But the e£Fect would have been much the other way. The ag- 
gressive influence of democracy would have continued to exert its pres- 
sure upon the South, but not in the same irritating and obtrusive manner, 
which touched the pride of the South and too often forced it into an 
attitude of justifying slavery. The independence of the South would 
have relieved the tension and rendered the people more impressionable 
to outside influences. The South had been the cradle of democracy in 
the Union — the headquarters of the popular party of Jefferson — and 
whatever might be said of social distinctions these were private matters, 
and in politics and public activities the white men of the South continued 
to meet on a plane of perfect equality. Public preferment in the South de- 
pended on talent not wealth, and no white man was a servant. Indeed, it is 
a notorious fact even to-day in the South that the poorer the white man the 
more insistent he is upon his rights and his liberties. 

Equally unsatisfactory it seems to me, is your remark that no one 
recognized for two years what the real issue was until Lincoln defined 
the purpose of the war as "the safeguarding of democracy." By this 
I understand you to mean that Lincoln did not think the case of the 
South a proper application of self-determination, since it was not for 
"liberal and humane purposes" — being for the the extension and perpetua- 
tion of slavery. But when did Lincoln ever make the question of slavery 
in any respect the reason of the war ? 

You refer to his Gettysburg address November lo, 1863, but that 
address had no necessary connection with slavery since it contained only 
ideas which had been given expression to in connection with the old 
Union of free and slave States a thousand times. Had not the orators 
both Northern and Southern on every Fourth of July since 1783, despite the 
slavery of the negroes, lauded the Union as the favored land of liberty 
and democracy? Lincoln's proclamation of emancipation, like Dunmore's 
proclamation in 1775, was a war measure as he himself said, and as late 



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William and Mary Quarterly 223 

as August, 1864, lie denied that the abolition of slavery was the deter- 
mining factor, saying: ''So long as I am president, it (the war) shall 
be carried on for the sole purpose of restoring the Union." To the last 
the question with Lincoln was the restoration of the Union, which to his 
mind meant simply the preservation of the integrity of its soil, and if 
this had involved the preservation of slavery in the States, he would 
have recognized nothing in his Gettysburg speech contradictory of it No, 
the real issue of the war was not "the safeguarding of democracy," which 
never was in danger, but under the euphemism of "preserving the Union" 
it was imperialism riding roughshod over self-determination. It is im- 
perialism which has caused all the wars of history, and now it is hoped 
that a new day with a better principle has arrived. The cardinal feature 
of the proposed league of nations is its recognition of self-determination. 

But the question of slavery in the territories was only the occasion 
of secession, and it was after all merely incidental to the fundamental 
fact. In seceding, the Southern States were simply trying to escape from 
intolerable conditions. Down to 1861 the Union was the precarious con- 
nection of two really distinct nations, dififering in ideals, institutions and 
occupations. Without the pressure of Great Britain in 1776 the Northern 
and Southern States would probably have never come together, and from 
the start the South deemed itself the victim of Northern profiteering, 
and on more liian one occasion dissolution was imminent. Animosities 
existed not inferior to those between Austrians and Czechs, and both 
Seward and Lincoln spoke of the "irrepressible conflict" To such a 
Union of strife and hatred peaceable secession seemed the only alterna- 
tive, which, while it divided the Union, neither extended nor perpetuated 
slavery. 

Indeed, instead of extending slavery secession limited it by involving 
the abandonment of the West; and as to perpetuating it, it is absurd to 
suppose that the slaveholders of 1861 could put a foreclosure on their 
descendants. As the case actually stood the protection afforded by secession 
to slavery in the seceding States was no more and no greater than 
Lincoln and the Republicans promised to accord to it in the same 
States as States of the Union. It must be remembered that the constitu- 
tion of the Confederate States forbade the foreign slave trade, and at 
no time during the war did the South show any inclination to bargain 
for slavery their hopes of independence. Lincoln's suggestion to his 
Congress to pay the Southern States for their slaves, if they would return 
to the Union, was received by Southern men as an insult, and it is well 
known that in 1864 Davis sent Duncan F. Kenner to France and Eng- 
land to propose abolition in return for recognition. 

That an analogy exists between the German political ambitions and 
the exploitation of the South by the protective tariff you admit, but yet 
deny that "the North waged the war (against the South) with any such 



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224 William and Mary Quarterly 

purpose remotely in mind." Can you then forget the menacing part 
played by the tariflF in 1833? And how about the Morrill fifty per cent 
tari£F passed in the presence of the G>nfederate tari£E of ten per cent.? 
The question asked Lincoln of Colonel John B. Baldwin, who urged him 
not to send the troops to Fort Sumter, was "What will become of my 
tariflF?" Indeed, there is strong evidence that Lincoln actually signed 
an order for the withdrawal of the troops from Fort Sumter, but was 
induced over night to cancel the order by the strong protests of the 
tari£F interests. 

Indeed, might you not have searched nearer home for analogies? 
Were there not exploiters of human beings in the North as well as in the 
South? In 1861 conditions among the laboring people in stores, factories, 
mines and ttoements in the North were deplorable. In them men, women 
and children, experienced sufferings unknown to the slaves of the South — 
overcrowding, immoral surroundings, long hours of work, bad sanitary 
conditions, starvation wages. After all has been said, the slave-owners 
did not compare in social and political power with the capitalistic barons, 
who by their autocratic heartlessness have now prepared the way for 
the red flag. Slavery was wrong, but its administration in the South was 
admittedly mild and humane. 

Perhaps the best proof of this is a£Forded by the conduct of the 
negroes during the civil war itself. After the first year of the war Lin- 
coln's mind had reached a state which did not stop at mild conclusions. 
According to Mr. Chase he declared in cabinet August 3, 1862, that 
*1ic was pretty well cured of any objections to any measure except 
want of ads^tedness to putting down the rebellion." And on Septem- 
ber 13, 1862, he declared to a committee of clergymen from Chicago that 
in reference to the emancipation proclamation he urged no objections of 
a legal or constitutional character nor "of a moral nature in view of pos- 
sible consequences of insurrection or massacre in the Southern States," 
but the determining question with him would be "the availability of the 
measure as a war measure." That neither insurrection nor massacre 
ensued from the proclamation (issued nine days later), even in the 
blackest areas of the South, cannot be credited to the humanity of Lin- 
coln, who realized the peril; all the credit undoubtedly goes to the 
humanity with which the slaveowners treated their slaves. 

During the war the northern government had even a closer analogy 
to Germany. Lincoln, in his use of unauthorized power, was far more 
autocratic than Jefferson Davis, and the course of Hunter and Sheridan 
in the Valley of Virginia and Sherman in Georgia has a very strong 
likeness to the performances of von Hindenburg and Ludendorff. I pass 
by what occurred after the war, reconstruction, military rule, etc for 
you admit the analogy there to the extent, at least, of the merciless ex- 
ploitation of the South by the North's industrial capitalists. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 225 

But, you say, if the North had been really engaged in violently sup- 
pressing any valid right of self-determination, ''the South would have 
remained an irreconcilable conquered province." This by no means fol- 
lows. The British government violently suppressed a valid right of the 
Boers in South Africa. So we thought in the United States at the time, 
and yet the great majority of the Boers, like the South, have loyally 
supported the present ruling government. It does not follow that a right 
was not a valid one because, with changed conditions, it has fallen into 
desuetude. After the war the South found itself in imminent danger of 
negro domination, supported by Northern bayonets. To escape from 
such a horror it had to accept the overtures of the Democratic party 
who had never approved the war. There was too the hope of sharing in 
the Federal patronage with the aid of this party. Then gradually came 
the cessation of all direct Northern interferences in Southern affairs. 
And now thorough good fellowship is once more restored by the con- 
version of the North to the principles of self-determination for which 
the South contended both in the Revolution and the War between the 
States. 

Lyon G. Tyler. 

Williamsburg, Virginia. 



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226 William and Mary Quarterly 



THE EXAMPLE OF GERMANY 

The example of Germany is full of solemn suggestions to 
philanthropists and a present warning to statesmen. Some of our 
ideas must be revised and re weighed to achieve a just a|q)re- 
ciation : 

( 1 ) Education. — ^This has been exploited as a good in itself. 
It has been said that education democratized and moralized. Pos- 
session of it idealized and uplifted the community to fairy heights. 
This was the view of the philanthropists in this country, espe- 
cially as applied to the n^^roes. But their views received a rude 
shock not only from experience with the negroes, but from the 
war with Germany. In no other nation was education so widely 
diffused. But then the very persons entrusted with the lead in 
education — the professors in the German universities — were 
foremost in advocating the doctrines of autocracy and inhumanity. 
Is education then a failure? Not at all. The remedy exists in 
giving it a right direction, otherwise it may become an evil. The 
worst criminals are found among the educated class, and Germany 
is a remarkable instance where education was directed to the 
worst possible political ends, and became a menace to civilization. 

(2) Slavery, — ^The contention before i860 was that the only 
trouble with the negro in this country was that he was a slave. 
We frequently meet with the assertion by respectable writers that 
the South incurred no loss by the abolition of slavery, that the 
only change which ensued was that ownership was transferred 
from the white master to the n^ro himself. It was even asserted 
that, as a freeman would work better for himself than for an- 
other, abolition really enriched the South. This theory took no 
account of the idle negro which slavery prohibited, nor any ac- 
count of race distinctions, and overlooked the fact that there is 
no necessary connection between the morality of a thing and the 
physical result. Slavery was morally wrong, but it had the ad- 
vantage of organization, and the census shows that the South of 
1918 is relatively nothing like as powerful or wealthy as the South 
of i860. The fundamental trouble with the South was its large 



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William and Mary Quarterly 227 

negro population which frightened oflf foreign emigrants and 
condemned the South to a purely agricultural existence subject to 
exploitation by the industrial North, and the conditions have not 
at all been changed by the freedom of the negro. Notwithstanding 
the passage of time, the South is still mainly agricultural, the 
negro still hinders its development, and the South is still ex- 
ploited by the North through high tariffs and business monopolies 
of all kinds. 

Now comes Germany. The people of Germany were not 
free. They were more or less slaves whose actions were sub- 
ject to numberless restrictions. In American publications Ger- 
many's institutions were represented as a menace to democracy. 
And yet where was the pursuit of knowledge conducted with 
greater energy and success? Where was there greater business 
or industrial development? Where was property more widely 
diffused or security of life and living more firmly established? 
In Germany, contradictory to all theorists, slavery was linked 
with progress and autocracy with general education. Indeed, 
before the war what country more admired Germany than our 
own America? German example was copied and cited every- 
where. 

The bottom fact of Germany's prosperity was organization, 
and it is certain that there can be no organization without loss of 
individual liberty. To defeat Germany in arms we had to adopt 
her own methods and temporarily, at least, to restrict our liberty. 
For two years we have had plenty of militaristic servitude, and 
so slavery of the negro being a system of organized action was 
undoubtedly a stronger factor for material results than abolition, 
which, in the negro's case, means too often license of action. Nor 
did abolition do away with race distinctions. On the contrary, 
it marked off the races in the South more sharply than ever. 

Sometimes statements are cited from old slaveowners of 
their impoverishing experience with n^ro slaves, but this may 
only prove their own incapacity for management. How easy it 
would be to obtain statements of a similar character from per- 
sons in the South dealing with the n^^o as a freeman. It is not 
entirely just to say that he will not work and is wholly unreliable, 



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228 William and Maky Quarterly 

but it is sometimes said. As a matter of fact, where manage- 
ment was e£Fective, as was the case with Edmund Ruffin, of Vir- 
g^nia» unusual success was had in slavery days through the em- 
ployment of slave labor vitalized by system and intelligent or- 
ganization.* Must we then return to negro slavery? Not at all. 
The remedy should be sought in the diffusion of the negroes 
throughout the United States, and this is a matter in which both 
the Federal government and State governments should co- 
operate. 

(3) But what of orgafiisationf Organization imposes slav- 
ery of a kind, and the laborer, in many industrial centers espe- 
cially, is removed not so many d^jees from chattell property. 
The selfish industrial spirit, which is so dependent on organiza- 
tion, forges chains as surely as it forges dollars. The million- 
aire and the penniless worker still live side by side in the great 
cities in the North, but there are serious signs around us — signs 
that indicate a coming revolt and revolution in this country. The 
astonishing fulfillment of the Marxian doctrine of society evolu- 
tion from the oriental despot, down through the rule of aristoc- 
racy and the bourgeoisie, to the gradual development of power 
in the hands of the proletariat, g^ves occasion for much concern. 
It does not take any large vision to see that the horizon of the fu- 
ture of this country, especially in the North, is red with the fires of 
Bolshevism, chaos and confiscation. In the last analysis of the 
social forces the Southern population will prove the most re- 
sistant to the onsweeping deluge of destruction because its labor 
class of blacks are far more docile than the white labor class of 
the North, and so many negroes have entered the bourgeosie by 



* Compare the country near Williamsburg with what it was before 
1861, and the difference in relative wealth and the grade of its society is 
distressing. Large tracts, formerly under the plow, hare grown up in 
trees. The free schools have diffused a scanty knowledge, but very few 
of the people have any extensive information. Before 1861, the country 
was well tilled, was covered with plantations large and small, whose 
owners, for the most part, were men of education and refinement Now 
a really educated man, in the country from Richmond to Hampton, living 
outside of the towns, is an exception. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 229 

becoming small landholders themselves. That is the one re- 
deeming fact of the n^;ro congestion here. Must we then re- 
press organization and lose the efficiency which has given so many 
wonderful results? Not at all. Statesmanship, if it is wise, will 
pass without hesitation every and all laws calculated to remove all 
just reasons for a complaint It will continue to improve the 
condition of the laborer. It will make the possessor of wealth 
pay the burden of the taxes in proportion as he enjoys the riches 
of opportunity. Above all, the time has come when we should 
cease calling everybody who advocates a reform an anarchist and 
a nihilist Remember always the tremendous indictment made 
in the early days of the Republic by the aristocratic and reaction- 
ary Chief Justice of Massachusetts against the great democrat 
and reformer, Jefferson, of Virginia, as "the apostle of atheism 
and anarchy, bloodshed and plunder." Who associates such terms 
with Jefferson now? 



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230 William and Mary Quarterly 

MEMORANDA RELATING TO THE COLLEGE 
By Prop. Robert J. Morrison* 

The Destruction of the College Edifice by Fire on the 
8th of February, 1859 

About two o'clock in the morning of the 8th day of February, 
1859, I was aroused from sleep by a servant boy, calling me by 
name at my chamber door, and crying that the collie was on 
fire. I sprang from my bed, and saw the light streaming in 
through the windows of the President's House. I raised a win- 
dow, looked towards the coU^^, and saw two large volumes of 
flame issuing out of the second and third windows from the 
entry on the north side of the collie edifice. It was evident 
that the Laboratory and the Library were in advanced con- 
flagration. I threw on my clothes in great haste, and rushed 
towards the scene. Upon opening the front door of the Presi- 
dent's House, I was struck with the terrific roar of flames, which 
was unusually great for such a fire. This was probably caused 
by the burning of the books. I had not reached the collie when 
I met President Ewell, who had just returned from the second 
floor of the college, where he had been to rescue the students 
who were sleeping in the dormitories. All the students were 
fortunately saved, though several of them for a short time were 
in peril. Three or four of them lost their effects. I urged Mr. 
Ewell, who was not half -dressed to go to his chamber for warmer 
clothing, as the night was cold and damp, the wind blowing from 
the North East, but he said that I must first go with him to the 
basement under the Laboratory, as it was important to discover 
if possible the origin of the fire. I did so. From the appearance 
of the opening which had then burnt through the floor of the 



* Robert J. Morrison was Professor of History and Political Economy 
and edited the second edition of the Historical Catalogue in 1859. These 
memoranda are taken from a mass attached in his own handwriting to a 
copy of the catalogue of 1859 to be found in the State Library. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 231 

Laboratory, I was convinced that the fire originated in that de- 
partment There was evidently more fire above the floor than 
there had been below it. I thought the hole in the floor nearer 
the case in which many of the chemicals were kept, than to the 
stove. About ten o'clock the night before a n^^ro man had been 
cutting wood in the basement under the Laboratory, and he had 
used a candle in a wooden socket, which he said had burnt out 
before he left the room. Near midnight Messrs. William Taylor, 
and Peyton Page, students boarding with Mr. Ewell were pass- 
ing the north side of the Laboratory. They stopped on this side 
of the Laboratory and amused themselves by counting the lighted 
windows of the college. They saw no sign of light in the base- 
ment. Later still Mr. Bagwell, another student, passed by the 
Laboratory, and he saw no sign of fire. About one o'clock Mr. 
Ewell went into his dining room for something to eat, and he 
was attracted by no light in the college. 

Soon the citizens of Williamsburg flocked to the sad scene. 
Ladies and gentlemen were silent, sorrowful spectators of the 
ravages of the flames. Any attempt to stay their progress would 
have been vain. The records of the college were saved, and the 
old portraits that hung in the Blue room. The President saved 
college seal. The most valuable furniture of the Lecture rooms, 
and the Library of the Philomathean Society were also saved. 
Everything in the Chapel was burnt. The mural tablets crumbled 
imder the influence of the heat. 

RoBT. J. Morrison. 
The College of William and Mary 
Feby 12^ 1859. 

Address of the President and Professors to Lord Dunmore 

We, his Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the President 
and Professors of William and Mary Collie, moved by an im- 
pulse of unfeigned joy cannot help congratulating your Excel- 
lency on such a series of agreeable events as the success of your 
enterprise against the Indians, the addition to your family by the 
birth of a Daughter, and your safe as well as glorious return to 
the Capital of this Dominion. May the great fatigues and dan- 



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232 William and Mary Quarterly 

gers, which you so readily and cheerfully undergo in the service 
of your Government, be ever crowned with victory! May you 
ever find the Public Benefits thence arising attended with do- 
mestick blessings! And may you always feel the enlivening 
pleasure of reading in the countenance around you, wherever you 
turn your eyes, such expressions of aflfection as can be deserved 
only from applauding & grateful hearts, 

To which his Excellency was pleased to return the following 
answer. 

Gentlemen: 

I cannot but receive every instance of the attention of a learned 
and respectable body, such as yours, with a great d^ree of satis- 
faction ; but the affectionate and very obliging terms in which you 
are pleased to express your good wishes towards me, on this oc- 
casion, demand very cordial thanks, and will ever be impressed on 
my mind. 

Dunmore 

(Extract from a Supplement to the Virginia Gazette, December 

8^ 1774.) 



Faculty Proceedings 

Extract from the Proceedings of the Faculty July 11"* 1798. 

"The Society having been informed that an effigy said to 
designate the President of the United States, was paraded through 
the streets of Williamsburg on the 4*^ instant by certain students 
of the collie, and that one or more students, supposed to be 
different from the others, also assisted on the evening of the said 
day to bum another effigy said to designate the same character, 

Resolved unanimously that the Society do condemn and cen- 
sure the conduct of the said students as highly indecent, and as 
tending to bring into contempt and create an opposition to the 
constituted authorities of our country — J. Madison P'A-s^ 

\ 



I 

i 



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William and Mary Quarterly 233 

Extract from the proceedings of the Faculty March 28*^ 1791 : 

"The Society being informed by Mr. Bellini that the original 
charter of this college which is lost, was some years past seen by 
him in the possession of a certain — Karjavina, a native of Mus- 
covy, who declared that it was his intention to deposit the same 
among the archives of St. Petersburg in Russia. Resolved &c." 

July 9*^ 1 81 2. "Whereupon resolved that a vote of approba- 
tion be given to the following students for their good demeanour, 
and attention to their studies: Lewis Tyler, W™ Brodnax, 
Nathaniel Miller, Lewis Rogers, W"* A. Winston, Archibald 
Harrison &c. 

I9"» Dec. 1796-15*^ "No person other than a student, or other 
member of the college shall be admitted as a boarder at the col- 
lie table; no liquors shall be furnished or used at table except 
beer, cyder, toddy, or spirits and waters, and there only in a mod- 
erate quantity — 

16'^ The keeper of y* collie table shall on no pretense, nor 
for any consideration furnish or sell to the students wine or any 
other spirituous liquors to be drunk at any other time or place 
except at their ordinary meals as before mentioned." 

Extract from the Proceedings of the Faculty July 7^ 181 3 

"The Society took into consideration the general conduct of 
the students during the last course,, and also the proficiency which 
they respectively manifested during the same ; the public examina- 
tions having been interrupted by the occupancy of the collie as 
Barracks for the militia." 

March 9*^ 1814. "The Society granted permission to Jack- 
son Morton to withdraw from college during the remainder of 
the course, his Guardian having given him general instruction to 
do so, if interrupted in his studies by the military calls." 



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234 William and Mary Quarterly 

Miscellaneous Notes 

"Memo : The Dial post in front of the President's House was 
put down on the 15^ of April 181 5. J. A. S." 

Extract from a letter from the Rev: J. P. McGuire 

"The name of Judge Holmes of Winchester was Hugh not 
David; to the list from 1790 to 1795, two names might be added, 
and then it would stand thus: 

David Holmes U. S. Senator 

Hugh Holmes Judge Court of Appeals 

William McGuire, Chief Justice Miss : Ter :" 

The original record of the collie is in the Chapel of the Rolls, 
England ; and the original record of the Transfer, a deed of Bar- 
gain and sale from the Visitors to the Faculty, is in one of the 
courts of record of Westminster Hall, London. 

Robt. J. Morrison. 

Extract from Virginia Gazette 1780 

"The public are hereby informed that the vacations in the Uni- 
versity are, from the 1st of April to the first of May, and from 
the first of August to the lo"* of October. As the different Lec- 
tures will be continued immediately after the conunencement of 
the term, such as are desirous of participating in the advantages 
which their institution now offers are requested to be punctual 
in their attendance. Several inhabitants of the town are willing 
to afford the students their board as reasonable as formerly. 

William and Mary Collie August 1780. 

The College has for sale a considerable quantity of scantling, 
originally intended for an additional building. Any person taking 
the whole which cost about five hundred pounds in 1775, may 
have it upon the most reasonable terms. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 235 

The Botetourt Medal 

Gold, circular, one inch and seven tenths in diameter and 
one tenth of an inch in thickness. Reverse. William crowned 
and robed seated on his throne. Mary crowned and robed stand- 
ing on his right, with her left hand upon the back of the King's 
chair. Rev. James Blair the first President of the college, kneel- 
ing on his right knee before the throne, in clerical dress, with 
ecclesiastical hat in his left hand which hangs a little in front 
of his body. The King extends the charter with his right hand, 
his left rests upon the arm of his chair. The body of the King 
inclines slightly towards Mr. Blair, who receives the charter with 
his right hand. Both hold the charter while Blair receives the 
King's instructions. The Legend above the figures in capital 
letters — "G. V. L. et mar. tradvnt blaro chart, col.'' The date 
below the figures "anno regni quarto." The Obverse — The 
head of George the third. Legend in capital letters, "regnante 
GEORGio TERTio Mvsis AMico." Under the head in capitals also. 
"qvaesitvm meritis." 



Letter of Dr. Hough 

Ben. J. S. Ewell 

Dear Sir 

Yours of the 13*^ ins* to me, and to the Hon. E. W. Leaven- 
worth are received. The whole of the papers relating to the Col- 
lege affairs, would make about one hundred and seventy five pages 
when copied, many of them are extremely personal, and evince a 
hatred between the parties and those who participated in the con- 
troversy which is seldom equalled. These papers are copies and 
were apparently submitted to the Governor of New York for his 
decision. 

I send herewith the "statement" preserving the punctuation 
and orthography of the original — an abstract of the proceedings 
of the House of Burgesses, and a part of a letter which had b^;un 



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236 William and Mary Quarterly 

to be copied in compliai\ce with your first letter. For these no 
charge will be made. 

respectfully yours, 

Franklin B. Hough, A. M. M. D.* 

From Faculty Book June 3** 1782 

I. Resolved that the Bursar be authorized to n^;otiate the Bills 
of exchange received from the French Army for the de- 
struction of the President's House. 

The Botetourt Medal 

So far as the records of the College show, only eight of the 
Botetourt Medals were awarded. In 1772 Mr. Nathaniel Burwell 
and Mr. James Madison received this mark of distinction. In 
1773 Mr. David Stewart of King George, and Mr. Samuel Sheild 
of York. In 1774, Mr. Joseph Eggleston of Amelia, and Mr. 
Walker Maury of Williamsburg. In 1775, Mr. John White of 
King William, and Mr. Thomas Evans of the Eastern Shore. 
The war of the Revolution doubtless prevented the further be- 
stowal of this distinction. 

Note. — ^James Madison and Samuel Sheild were competitors 
for the Episcopate of Virginia. 

Letter of Wyndham Robertson 

Richmond, April 15th 1859. 
My Dear Sir 

Looking over the late interesting pamphlet published by the 
college, I noted on the scrap of paper I send you, some addenda 
and corrections, which possibly may not be unacceptable, and 
may be used as you may think proper. Especially the notices of 



^ This letter seems to refer to the mass of papers which were in the 
State Library at Albany, New York, relating to the College during the 
time of Andros and Nicholson. Some of them were copied for the 
Virginia Historical Society, and published in its magazine. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 237 

Professors Davis, and the Refers who have reflected so much 
honor on the institution will be prized by you. They were fel- 
low students of mine. The elder Rogers, James, was a Pro- 
fessor in some institution in Maryland, I think, but possibly in 
Pennsylvania. My notes for 1820-21 r^ard persons I was at 
college with. (I was called home before the dose of my second 
session by a domestic affliction.) Of the other emendations, I 
am quite sure, except as to Tucker. I remember him very well. 
He was not a son of Judge Tucker. But I am nearly sure was 
of Geo. Tucker. 

Archibald and Boiling Robertson 1795 or '96 were my eldest 
brothers, Powhatan 1815 was also my brother. My brother John 
was for a long time attorney General, as well as Judge, and a 
member of G)ngress for several sessions. I may say, because 
there is a misconception concerning it, that my office was as stated 
Governor, not Lieutenant-Governor acting as Governor. Be- 
coming by date of election senior councillor and as such Lieu- 
tenant Governor, (March, '36), I became Governor by the 
resignation of Governor Tazewell, the same day. He did me 
the honour to postpone his resignation to that day, whereby to 
devolve the office on me, which, if made earlier, would have cast 
it on my predecessor in the office of Lieutenant Governor. I 
make the explanation that you may not be embarassed by the 
misconception to which I have referred, and which I know, to 
some extent exists. 

1792. John Thomson was the contemporary of John Ran- 
dolph, and esteemed even more than his peer. He died just turned 
I think of 21, with a renown for talents never before or since 
equalled in Virginia at so early an age. * * * 

Very respectfully yours, Wyndham Robertson 

Notes enclosed in the forgoing letter. 
1792. J. Thompson, Author of "Curtius" 
1795. Archibald Robertson 
" Thomas Boiling Robertson, First Rep: of Louisiana in 
Congress, Governor &c. U. S. Judge. 



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238 William and Mary Quarterly 

1803. Jos. C. Breckinridge 

1809. W» Old, State Senator. 

1814. Jackson Morton, U. S. Senator, Florida. 

181 5. Powhatan Robertson, Richmond, not Petersburg. 

1816. John Hampden Pleasants, Editor Richmond Whig. 
1820. John A. G. Davis, Professor of Law, Uni : of Va : 

1820. J. S. Davidson (was from) Frederick, (as were the two 

Magills under 1819). 
" William Mason, (not Loudon) Brunswick. 
" Wyndham Robertson, Gov : of Virginia. 
" James W. Rogers, son of Prof. P. K. Rogers. 

Wm B. Rogers, son of P. K. Rogers, Professor W" and 

Mary and University of Virginia. 

1821. Thomas E. Burfort, son of State Treasurer Lawson Bur- 

fort, U. S. Dist : Attorney. 
" William Cocke, Powhatan, not Richmond. 
" Daniel G. Tucker, son of George Tucker. 
" John J. Vanmeter, M. C. from Ohio. 
1836. Powhatan Robertson, Petersburg, not Maryland. 

Extract from a letter from H. B. Grigsby, LL. D. 

"As you are anxious to make the General Catalogue of the 
collie as accurate and as full as possible, I will communicate to 
you the substance of a note which I have just received from 
Conway Robinson, Esq., now of Washington City. He says : "In 
looking over the names of the chancellors of the college, I re- 
membered a passage in the Life of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke 
by Bums. I have just referred to Vol 3, page 395. It is as fol- 
lows : "On the 18"* of Jany 1764 the Earl of Hardwicke had been 
elected chancellor of William and Mary in Vii^ginia, but the in- 
telligence of this did not arrive in England until after his death, 
of which his son and successor in the title wrote to apprise the 
learned body." 

Norfolk April 2$^ 1859. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 239 

The Virginia Gazette of 29*^ of Nov: 1776 says: 

On Thursday last the remains of our beloved and amiable 
fellow-citizen the Hon: Peyton Randolph Esq. were conveyed 
in a hearse to the Collie Chapel, attended by the Worshipful 
brotherhood of Free Masons, both Houses of Assembly, a num- 
ber of other gentlemen, and the inhabitants of the city. The body 
was received from the hearse by six gentlemen of the House of 
Delegates, who conveyed it to the family vault in the Chapel, 
after which an excellent oration was pronounced from the pulpit 
by the Rev : Thomas Davis, in honor of the deceased, and recom- 
mending it to the respectable audience to immitate his virtues. 
The oration being ended, the body was deposited in the vault, 
when every spectator paid the last tribute of tears to the memory 
of their departed and much honoured friend. The remains were 
brought from Philadelphia by his nephew Edmund Randolph, in 
pursuance of the orders of the widow. 

Extracts from the Proceedings of the Visitors* 

"September i»* 1769. 
Present : 

The Rt: Hon: Norborne Baron de Botetourt, his majesty's 
Lieut. & Gov' General of Virginia & Vice Admiral of the same. 
Rector: 

The Hon. John Blair Rich* Corbin 
W" Nelson W° Byrd 

Tho* Nelson John Page members 

of his Majesty's Council. 
The Rev : M' James Maury Fontaine 
Peyton Randolph Chas: Carter 
Mann Page Thomas Nelson Jr. 

R. C. Nicholas Carter Braxton 
Geo: Wythe John Page Jr. 

Dud. Digges Rich'* Bland Esq" 

R« Randolph 
Lewis Burwell 



*The official name of the managing Board of the College was the 
Visitors and Governors." (Editor.) 



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240 William and Mary Quarterly 

The min^ of the last meeting being read. 
The Bursar is desired to lay before the Com* of Acct" a state of 
the Coll : Revenue, down to the present time, and the com* form- 
erly appt* to enquire into the state of the Coll : Buildings are de- 
sired to get some undertaker to make an exact estimate of the 
expence of the necessary repairs, & report the same to the next 
meeting, distinguishing the expence of each repair. 

The visitation being informed that the Rev* Mr. Jn** Camm 
Professor of Divinity, & the Rev* Mr. Josiah Johnson Master 
of the Gram' school hav — g lately married & taken up their resi- 
dence in the city of Williamsburg, by which great inconvenience 
has arisen to the collie, & the necessary attention which those 
Professors ought to pay to the conduct & Behaviour of the stu- 
dents and scholars has been almost totally interrupted. 

Resolved: That it is the opinion of this Visitation, that the 
Professors and Masters, their engaging in marriage & the con- 
cerns of a private family & shifting their residence to any place 
without the collie, is contrary to the principles on which the 
college was founded, & their duty as Professors: 

Resolved : That it is the opinion of this Visitation, that the s* 
Rev : Mr. Camm, & the Rev : Mr. Josiah Johnson, their removal 
from the collie, and taking up their residence in the city of 
W'^sburg, is not only contrary to the Terms on which they were 
received into the collie as Professors, but derogatory to, and an 
infraction of a standing ordinance of the collie. But the further 
consid** of these matters is postponed to next meeting." 

At a meeting of the Visitors and Govemours of William and 
Mary Collie, held on the 14 Day of December 1769. 

Resolved : That all Professors & Masters hereafter to be ap- 
pointed be constantly resident in y* collie, and upon the marriage 
of such Professor or Master, that his Profess' be imm. vacated. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 241 

The following names, initials and dates are to be found at this 
time upon the walls of the collie. The letters and figures in 
brackets have been supplied from the catalogue. 
T. Minge 
G. Smith 

G. H. J. H(ubard) 1752 
N. R. 1747. 

John Marshall (probably in the places (1775) 
G. W. W(ythe) 

R(ichard) K(ennon) 1729 (upside-down) 
R. G(ist) 1759 
W. Tyler (1785) 
J. S(wann) (1762) 
C. Tomk(ies) (1762) 
N. Burwell 1771 
Lee 

C M. T. 
R. L(ewis) 
On Brafferton W B (yrd) 1723. 

Robt, J, Morrison. 

Feby 28^ i860 

''In the Hall of the capitol stands a maimed statue of Lord 
Botetourt, one of the regal Governors of Virginia, erected at 
public expense, in memory of his Lordship'" equitable and popu- 
lar administration. During the war when party rage was at its 
highest pitch, and everything pertaining to royalty obnoxious, the 
head and one arm of the statue were knocked oflf ; it now remains 
quite exposed, and is more and more defaced every day." From 
Weld's Travels. Date of Preface to book 20th December, 1798. 



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242 WnXIAH AND MaSY QUARTERLY 

CAPTIVITY OF JOHN BRADLEY 

Abingdon V* June 29 1843 
My dear General, 

On behalf of myself, as well as on behalf of Capt. Reuben 
Bradley an aged and devoted personal friend of yours, I beg to 
ask your interposition with President Santa Anna of Mexico, to 
obtain the liberation of John Bradley now a prisoner in the Castle 
of Perote in that republic. 

M' John Bradley is the son of Capt. Bradley. Some fifteen 
or twenty years ago he removed to Alabama where he became a 
merchant, acquired by his industry wealth and married the daugh- 
ter of Tom Lewis formerly of Botetourt county in the State and 
son of Gen* Andrew Lewis of the revolution. Bradley is an ac- 
tive enterprising & clever man, but a few years ago was unfor- 
tunate in business — and having a growing family — now an 
interesting wife, seven small children, he thought he could better 
his condition by removing to Texas and becoming a planter. With 
this view he removed last year and settled in the country near 
S* Antonio. 

When Judge Hutchison and forty or fifty gentlemen, attending 
court at S' Antonio, were captured by a party of Mexicans and 
carried off in Sept. last a company of volunteers from the neigh- 
borhood assembled together under a Captain Dawson or Davison 
to pursue the Mexicans and retake the captured citizens, and M' 
Bradley was one of the company. This company fell in with a 
Mexican force, had a desperate fight, were litterally cut to pieces 
and Bradley with a few survivors made prisoners. They were 
taken to the Castle at Perote and kept there in chains, except 
those released, and treated with great severity. 

Most of the others have been released through the interposi- 
tion of our Minister at the Mexican court and others, but Bradley 
is yet a prisoner, and I presume for want of friends to represent 
his case. 

Some gentlemen here and the people have takdn a deep interest 
in the matter, but seem to be at a loss who to ask to interpose. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 243 

Captain Bradley and myself have thought of you and feel con- 
fident that through you his release can be effected. 

If you will then, my dear Sir, ask this release from Santa 
Anna as a personal favor, to yourself, you will place myself under 
great obligations as well as the aged father, who is now near 
eighty and on the verge of the grave, and will call from him 
blessings on your name as long as the vital spark lasts. 

M" Campbell desires to send you her most sincere regards and 
to ask for your health. 

With the most sincere respect 

I am your obt. servt 

David Campbell* 
To gen* Andrew Jackson. 



♦David Campbell was governor of Virginia from March 31, 1837, to 
March 31, 1840. 



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244 WnxiAH AND Mary Quasterly 



WILLIAM MASSIE'S WILL 

Through the courtesy of Hon. Eugene C. Massie, of Richmond, the 
editors have come lately in possession of Che will of William Massie 
(numbered i8 in the Massie Pedigree, Quarterly, XIIL, p. 197), son of 
William Massie (numbered 15). This shows that he continued to reside 
in New Kent (3o., married Anne, and died in that county in 1793, leaving 
four children, Mary, Hugh, William Macon and Thomas Massie. His great- 
granddaughter, Mbs Maggie S. Moody, of Meridian, Mississippi, has 
the original wilL According to information derived from her, Anne, the 
wife of William Massie mentioned in the will, was Anne Chamberlayne. 

In the name of God amen. I William Massie of the Parish 
of Saint Peter in the G>unty of New Kent being infirm of body 
but of perfect natural sence and memory do hereby make, ordain, 
and constitute this to be my will and Testament in manner and 
form following that is to say — First my Will and desire is that 
my land and plantation whereon I now live shall be kept together 
until my younger son William Macon Massie arrives at the age of 
twenty one years and after that period, I will and desire that the 
said land and plantation except the dower thereon of my wife 
Anne Massie shall be equally divided between my following chil- 
dren to-wit: Mary Massie, Hugh Massie, & my son William 
Macon Massie ; in the meantime during the afore-mentioned con- 
tinuance of the said land and plantation in the state as above de- 
sired, my will is that my said wife, Anne Massie, may remain 
thereon, and out of the profits arising out of the same maintain, 
cloath, and educate my said sons, Hugh Massie, and William 
Macon Massie, in a manner suitable to their station and as may 
conduce most to their advantage, until they arrive at the age 
of Twenty one years, and also maintain and cloath my said daugh- 
ter, Mary Massie in like manner until she shall marry. Item. 
I give and bequeath to my said daughter Mary Massie, 
my n^^o girl called Salley to her and her heirs forever. Item. 
I lend to my loving wife, Anne Massie during her natural life my 
negro called Alley and after her death I give the said Alley to my 
afore said daughter Mary Massie, to her and her heirs forever. 
Item. I will and desire that the three children which the said 



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WnXIAH AND MaKY QUARTERLY 245 

Alley now has may be divided between my said three children, 
Mary Massie, Hugh Massie William Macon Massie when the said 
William Macon shall arrive at the age of twenty one years. Item. 
I lend to my said wife Anne Massie during her natural life 
n^^oes named Lauria & Dorcas and after her death, I will and 
desire that the two said negroes Lauria & Dorcas may be equally 
divided between my said three children, Mary Massie, Hugh 
Massie and William Macon Massie to them and their hers for- 
ever. Item. I give to my daughter Mary Massie one n^^o 
woman named Pattey to her and her heirs forever. Item. My 
will and desire is that all the rest of the slaves not herein before 
mentioned may remain on my said land and plantation for the pur- 
pose herein recited to-wit : for the maintenance of my said wife 
Anne Massie, and for the maintenance of my said daughter until 
she marry, and for the maintenance doathing, and education of 
my sons, Hugh Massie & William Macon Massie until they shall 
arrive at the age of twenty one years and after my said son 
William Macon Massie shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years 
as before specified I will and desire that the residue of my slaves 
not specially here by devised may be divided into four equal parts, 
one whereof I lend to my said loving wife Anne Massie during 
her natural life, and the other three parts I give and bequeath 
unto my afore-mentioned three children, Mary Massie Hugh 
Massie & William Macon Massie and after the death of my said 
wife I give unto my said three children, Mary Massie, Hugh 
Massie & William Macon Massie such portion of my said residue 
of slaves as shall be allotted to my said wife during her life in 
pursuance of the loan thereof herein devised for her. Item. I 
will and desire in case my said son William Macon Massie shall 
die before he arrive to the age of twenty one years, the lands and 
plantations afore mentioned shall be equally divided between the 
survivors of my said three children Mary Massie, Hugh Massie 
& William Macon Massie when my said son Hugh shall arrive to 
the age of twenty one years and likewise in substance I will that 
the several other dispositions of my estate hereinbefore recited 
to take effect at the said period of my son William Macon Massie's 
arrival at the age of twenty one years shall in like manner take 



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246 WnxiAH AND Mary Quarterly 

effect on the arrival of my said son Hugh Massie to that age. 
Item. If it should be necessary that any part of my aforesaid 
estate should be sold for the payment of debts, I will and desire 
that the part of my land lying on the north side of the road 
whereon the mill seat is situated may be sold together with that 
seat for such purpose. Item. I give to my son Thomas Massie 
Ten Pounds to be raised out of my aforesaid estate when it can 
be conveniently obtained thereby. 

Lastly, I appoint and constitute my friends William Cham- 
berlayne and William H. Macon to be executors of this my last 
will and Testament. 

In witness whereof of all the afore-mentioned promises I have 
hereinto set my hand and seal this Thirtieth day of Jan'y Anno 
Domini One thousand seven hundred and ninety three. 

W. Massie. (Seal) 

Signed and sealed in presence of, 

John Brown At a G)urt held for New Kent G>unty on 

John Qopton The nth day of , 1793 this will was 

T. Moody put into court by William Chamberlayne, 

one of the executors there in named & 
sworn to by him, and being proven by the oath of John Qopton 
and Thos. Moody, two of the witnesses thereto subscribed is 
ordered to be recorded, and on the motion of the said executor 
certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due 
room, he having given bond according to law. 

Test. 

Will Clayton, C. Ct. 

Richmond, Va. 
June 12, 1893. 

The copy from which this copy was made was sent to me by 
Miss Maggie S. Moody, of Meridian, Mississiiq)i, the g g grand- 
daughter of William Massie, the testator, stating that the original 
was in a good state of preservation. 

Eugene C. Massie. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 



247 



JACOB McCONATHY'S LETTER OF RECOM- 
MENDATION 

Contributed by A. L. Keith, Northfield, Minnesota 

For Jacob McConathy see Vol. XXIIL, page 62. A descen- 
dant sends me a copy of a letter brought by Jacob McConathy 
when he came from Fairfax Co., Va., to Kentucky about 1797. 
The paper (somewhat defaced) was apparently written by John 
and William Sheppard and afterwards submitted to others for 
their signatures. 

Fairfax Co Va. To all whom it may concern * * * that 
the bearer Jacob * * * miller came well Recommended into 
* ♦ * three years * * * last ♦ * * and has been 
miller for us during that time he has been faithful honest Peace- 
able and sober and as he is desirous to move to Caintucky we 
think it our duty give him a few lines of Recommendation as a 
good miller fully acquainted with the manufacture of wheat & 
grinding other grain to our satisfaction. Given under our hand 
this tenth day of April 1796. 

John & Wm Sheppard. 

I think the above Recommendation is strictly true. 



John Prather 
Philip Porter 
Lewis Blackburn 
Roger Offutt 
Alexander Beach 
Thom. Simrall (Gunnell?) 
John Wood 
Thos Lindsay 
Smallwood Middleton 
Samuel Woodard 



Wm Compton 

John Bumell (Burwell?) 

Edmon Craddock 

Daniel Bradley 

James ( John ? or Joe ?) Anderson 

Wm Smith 

John Muire 

Dan. Kitchen 

Daniel I^wis 



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248 William and Mary Quarterly 

FREDERICKSBURG IN REVOLUTIONARY DAYS 
(Concluded) 

PART III. 

We come now to the record of one of the most important of 
Virginia's institutions for the prosecution of the war : the manu- 
factory of small arms established by ordinance of the Conven- 
tion of July, 1775. Tl^^ isLCts here presented are those discovered 
in files of correspondence at present in the Department of Archives 
of the Virginia State Library, Richmond. There are large gaps 
in the record of this manufactory: the books and papers of the 
director seem to have wholly disappeared, and we are forced to 
rely on the ordinance of Convention establishing this institution, 
a few subsequent laws and single documents for its history prior 
to September, 1780; but, from that time forward there remains 
the correspondence of Charles Dick, on whose shoulders rested 
the burden of keeping up this institution. 

The ordinance of convention of July, 1775,* establishing this 
manufactory of arms provided Fredericksburg as its location, 
named Fielding Lewis, Chas. Dick, Mann Page, Jr., William Fitz- 
hugh, and Samuel Selden or any three of them as commissioners 
to execute the ordinance ; directed the emplo3rment of a sufficient 
number of artificers to manufacture such arms as should be di- 
rected from time to time by committee of safety and to continue 
the work "so long as the necessities of this colony shall require." 
An initial appropriation was made £2,500 (a sum having at that 
time about the ptu-chasing value of 15,000 to 20,000 dollars of 
present day currency), and it was also directed that such other 
sums as the Committee of Safety from time to time direct should 
be paid by the State's treasurer. The commissioners were to give 
security on receipt of the sum and were directed to transmit to the 
committee, from time to time, accounts of the state and progress of 
the manufactory and its work. 



» Hening, XL, 71 et seq. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 249 

Whatever may have been the offices performed for the institu- 
tion by Fitzhugh, Page and Selden, dieir connection with the 
manufactory must have been short lived for in a memorandum 
for the executive made in 1781 (Appendix 8) Chas. Dick alluded 
to his and Colonel Lewis' connection with the work as thougt 
they had accomplished the whole undertaking, and quite certain 
it is that no record has so far been discovered which mentions 
Fitzhugh, Page or Selden as having any connection with the work 
other dian the ordinance for establishment. Mr. Dick says that 
he and Colonel Lewis accomplished the establishment of the fac- 
tory during the first year "after much trouble and attention" and 
succeeded in putting it "on an extraordinary good footing." The 
commissioners purchased from Richard Brooke very soon after 
the ordinance was passed a tract adjoining the town of 
Fredericksburg and thereon erected the necessary buildings. 
The date of the factory's completion is not positively known 
but must have been some time early in 1776. The 
magazine (which was not under direction of the com- 
missioners) a substantial stone building which stood "just by" 
the factory, though begun in 1776 was not completed until about 
the latter part of 1781. There is still in existence a contem- 
poraneous copy of the bill for materials used in the construction 
of and for work done on the magazine (Appendix 9). For use 
of the factory the commissioners also leased from Mrs. Lucy 
Dixon (the widow of Roger Dixon, who was for years a wealthy 
and influential resident of the town), a mill house on Hazel Run 
which they converted to the use of grinding bayonets and ramrods. 

It was intended by the commissioners to have always resident 
a master workman whose duty it was to examine the work, to 
receive it, to correct faults, to instruct the ignorant, to issue tools 
and provisions and to look after everything; and in addition, says 
Mr. Dick, "when at leisure works." This of course is a familiar 
paradox of trade. In October, 1777, by l^slative enactment the 
commissioners were instructed to receive apprentices. 

There^;ire no extant reports to show the actual extent of the 
work moi^^whly or annually accomplished by the factory but in 
September, 1781, Mr. Dick seemed to think that under auspicious 



\ 



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250 William and Mary Quarterly 

circumstances a hundred stand of arms a month might at least be 
turned out. In addition to this there was a great amount of re- 
pairing to be done to damaged arms. 

In October, 1782, Mr. Dick in outlining to the Commissioner 
of War a plan for further work at the factory estimated the run- 
ning expenses at £2,958 a year. This included the master work- 
man's pay, the pay for thirty workmen, negroes to do the 
drudgery, rent of the Dixon mill place, and "a stock to work 
upon." 

The system on which the gun factory was run, as outlined by 
Mr. Dick in a communication in 1782 addressed, presumably, to 
the governor, was indeed ideal from the manufacturer's point of 
view. "When breakfast and dinner are ready the bell rings and 
all regularly sit down at table to eat, when done, to work again, 
so that no time is lost, when absent they [the men] are duly 
charged with lost time. There is a spacious garden which sup- 
plies necessary greens and roots and a noble spring for water. 
By above method order and government with sundry rules too 
tedious to mention and the greatest economy the factory has been 
carried on to this day to great advantage to the State." The con- 
cluding "Has been carried on to this day," justifies one in assum- 
ing that this had been the system from the banning of the work. 

Reference was made above to an estimate made by Mr. Dick 
for running the factory under normal conditions. But the most 
remarkable part of the whole proceeding seems to have been the 
fact that Colonel Lewis and Mr. Dick managed to run the institu- 
tion — ^this vitally important part of the State's work — under the 
abnormal conditions of a deranged treasury. The initial appro- 
priation was turned over to them and probably the government 
met some of the later demands but marked depreciation had oc- 
curred in the currency by 1778 and funds became veiy difficult to 
procure. The gun factory's existence was dependent on funds 
and deeply sensible of the importance of the inititution the 
burthen of the commissioners' correspondence with the execu- 
tive was for the necessary funds to carry on the workx Discoiu"- 
aging indeed and almost heart-breaking must have beeki the com- 
missioners' knowledge of the discrepancy between thA» necessity 



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William and Mary Quarterly 251 

for the work to continue and the amount of the funds available 
therefor. But patriots to the core, these men — Fielding Lewis 
and Charles Dick — threw themselves into the breach and tried 
to the uttermost to save the work to the State. Underpaid — and 
most frequently unpaid — for their personal services, which were 
incalculably valuable, these men staked their personal credit to 
save the gun factory. 

In the only extant letter of Fielding Lewis' relative to the 
manufactory which has been so far discovered, he tells the then 
treasurer of the State, under date of Feb. 9, 1781 (Appendix 10), 
that but for his advances in money, the most part made as early 
as the preceding July, that "the factory must have been discon- 
tinued, as no money could be had at the treasury or, so little, that 
the business must have suflfered." And furthermore he frankly 
says, "had I suffered that factory to have stopped I know the 
public would have condemned me for it, altho I should not have 
been blamed as the cause would have been the want of money." 
He had been requested to borrow for the use of the State all 
the money that he could ; he says that he thinks he promised to 
raise between 30,000 and 40,000 pounds, "seven thousand of 
which" (about $50,000) says he, "I lent the State being all that I 
had at that time on hand." And now, having greatly distressed 
himself, impoverished, uiiable (by his own admission) to pay even 
his taxes or conduct his business in the usual manner, he appealed 
for what was only due him, and he may not be blamed for a part- 
ing shot, nor held as one with motives merely mercenary (as many 
a carping critic would blame and hold him) when he closes his ap- 
peal with : "Can it be expected that the State can be well served 
when its best friends are used in the manner I have been treated." 
It is a self evident proposition that a State owes to its citizens, 
even in such trying times, the same honest, straightforward treat- 
ment that the citizen owes to the State. A knowledge of Field- 
ing Lewis* interest in the manufactory of arms and the strenuous 
efforts made by him to assure its successful operation pronounces 
this no vain boast, but the declaration of a clear conscience and 
a wounded heart. Towards the autumn of this year there was a 
marked decline in Colonel Lewis* health and removing to the up- 
country he shortly thereafter "passed into the larger life." 



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252 William and Mary Quarterly 

Colonel Lewis' death threw the whole of the responsibility for 
the State's manufactory of arms on Charles Dick, and that» too, 
at a time when clouds innumerable darkened the horizon, and 
patriot that he was he shouldered the burden and by his execution 
of the trust writ large his name in this great State's roll of the 
faithful. For some time before this Mr. Dick had held commis- 
sion as "director" of the manufactory, but the exact date of his 
appointment to that position has not been discovered. Fortunate 
indeed it is for the student of the State's history that even so 
short a series of his letters has been preserved. There must have 
been numbers of these documents covering the entire period of 
the existence of the work, there now remain only about twenty- 
five, the first bearing date Sept. 5, 1780, and the last, Dec. 10, 1782. 

Charles Dick's letters are rich not only in their revelation of 
detail relating to the gun factory but rich as well in their revela- 
tion of a personality. They are indeed business letters but they 
are not modeled on the pattern of that modem offensive docu- 
ment which is as **hard as nails" with its several parts so success- 
fully constructed that when the business sense spot" on the brain 
is touched these puzzle-picture parts jump into place completely 
obscuring every particle of personality (if indeed there is any) 
possessed by the "operator." Not so Mr. Dick ; what Mr. Dick 
really thought and really felt, that Mr. Dick dared to write. One 
is conscious in studying this brief series of documents of dealing 
with a human being. Absolutely fearless, honest and frank, very 
direct, he takes to task any one whose faults had effected the 
public ; he does not offensively call names, that would have been 
beneath the dignity of so large a man, but in telling facts there is 
no rounding off of sharp truths, no attempt to soften merited 
rebute. But his criticisms are essentially just. This man must 
have been "general efficiency" in compact form. 

These letters reveal the fact of the tremendous effort Mr. 
Dick made to run the institution with almost no financial aid from 
the State. He staked his personal credit — he gave his word 
that the State would perform its obligations, and he held together 
a few men — sometimes more, sometimes less — on his personal 
word and got the most necessary part of the work done. The 



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William and Mary Quarterly 253 

minutest detail received his most careful attention, and the burden 
of the large public duty he bore unflinchingly and to the bitter end 
of having to petition the House of Delegates that they might de- 
vise some method for his relief by which he could draw the very 
inadequate sum appropriated as a salary for him by the assembly, 
because in making up the list of civil officers of government for 
the appropriation law of 1782, his name had been omitted (Ap- 
pendix 11). 

After a final letter of Mr. Dick's in December, 1782, making 
proposals for re-habilitating the great work, the manufactory of 
arms at Fredericksburg passed out of existence. Not so, Mr. 
Dick, however, for in succeeding years we find him filling vari- 
ous local offices of trust and working with his fellow citizens for 
the building up of Fredericksburg. 

In May, 1783, the assembly of Virginia enacted a law by 
which the gun factory and the public lands at Fredericksburg 
were vested in certain trustees, for the purposes of founding an 
academy for the education of youth.' 

APPENDIX 8 
[Virginia State Library, Executive Papers January 23, 1781] 

G>lo Fielding Lewis and Chas Dick w^re appointed by the G>nven- 
tion in 1775 Commissioners to Form, Establish and G>nduct a Manufac- 
tory of Small Arms at Fredericksburg without any salary annex'd, as it 
was unknown the Troubles they might be at 

The first year being 1776. They accomplbhed the same after much 
Trouble and Attention, in putting the Factory on an extraordinary good 
footing; for which the Honble House allow'd them 10/ pr Day each; 
then equal to Gold or Silver amounting for the year 1776 to Cash 
£182:10:0 although they thought it not adequate to their Services they 
acquiesced. For the 3rear 1777 they were allowed the same, and as the 
money had received no great Depreciation they said nothing. 

The year 1778 they were allow'd £300 each, from which deducting the 
Depreciation as settled by Congress amounts only to £54:18:0 

The year 1779 allow'd iiooo each, only worth 43: 0:0 

We having done the Business effectually with die greatest Dilligence 
and Integrity, to the great Benefit of the Public, we think it very hard 



s Hening, XL, 204. 



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254 WnxiAM AND Mary Quarterly 

to sa£Fer so much, as it has not been in our power to make a bargain for 
Otirselves. We hope the Honble House will at least take our Services 
for Chese last two jrears into consideration and grant us a full Recom- 
pense. 

The Subscriber his whole Time being taken up in that Service only has 
greatly injured him. 

Chas. Didc 

APPENDIX 9 

[Virginia State Library, Executive Papers July 1785] 
Sir 

Having in consequence of an agreement entered into with the late 
Colo Fielding Lewis, in the year 1776, built a house on the Gun Factory 
Lot at Fredericksburg for the reception of the publick arms and ammuni- 
tion, and having been deprived of the advantage of a final settlement with 
that gentleman by his removal to a distance from this place sometime be- 
fore his death, we have been hidierto unable to obtain that compensation 
four (sic) our labour and expence to which we conceive we are justly 
intitled Under these circumstances we hope to be excused for the 
liberty we now take in troubling your Excellency on this occasion, from 
whom we have the greater expectations as diis work was commenced 
during your former administration and you may perhaps recollect some- 
thing of the instructions which were given concemmg it As Colo Lewis 
had transacted much business for the publick we could not doubt but 
that in this instance he was properly authorized and with this belief we 
r^dily undertook the work but having frequently experienced his scrupu- 
lous exactness in the observance of his contracts we thought even the 
usual precaution of a written agreement unnecessary relying on a few 
parole stipulations which we do not hesitate to say were all performed 
on our parts. This being the case we hope the omission occasioned by 
our confidence in the public agent, will not now operate to our prejudice. 
Every point necessary to the settlement of the account may still be ascer- 
tained of — that the house was built cannot be doubted; if the charge 
is thought exhorbitant the opinion of men conversant in business of this 
kind we suppose would be satisfactory this being determined the balance 
due us will appear from the account we herewith take the liberty of 
transmitting and which we make no doubt will be corroborated by the one 
stated by Colo Lewis against the publick. The sums which we now 
claim when considered in its different relationship makes very different 
impressions when it respects the publick it may perhaps a(^>ear trifling 
but when it relates to those whose chief support depends on their own 
industry and labour (a great proportion of which has been devoted in its 
acqubition) it becomes matter of very serious consideration not only 
to those who are immediately interested but to every individual who b 



/ 

/ 



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William and Mary Quarterly 255 

possessed of only a common share of benevolence, we are persuaded 
from your unremitted attention of the general happiness of the com- 
munity that yovL will also condescend to look down with attention to that 
of individuals which is so intimately connected w^ it And having con- 
sidered our claim, we only request such relief as yotir excellency shall 
think we are in justice intitled to — and that yotir time may be no longer 
withdrawn from matters of more publick moment we beg leave to sub- 
scribe ourselves with the most perfect esteem and respect your excellent 
Most obt H» Ser« 

R« Brooke 

James Tutt 
Fredericksburg i» July 1785 
[Endorsed] Hb Excellency Patrick Henry, Esqr. 

Dr The State of Virginia to Mes" Brooke & Tutt for building a Maga 

zine on the Gun Factory 

Lot at Fredericksburg by the direction Col Fielding Lewis 

1776 Nov To building a wall of Stone rated as brick work at 

50 pr thousand which takes 1 52431 bricks 381 : 6 :6 

To 2 outer dll doors and doors frames case 3: 0:0 

To I staircase & Scantling 3: 0:0 

To 3951 feet of scantling for roof window frames 

& centers @ £8 pr thousand 31:13:0 

To making 7 window frames @ 7/6 2:12:6 

To 128 feet Cornice ©1/3 8: 0:0 

To 68 sash lights @ /g 2:11:0 

To framing a hiped roof 9: 2:6 

To shingling & planking 14 squares @ 11/ 7:14:0 

To three pair hooks let into the wall for hanging doors 0:18:0 
To 36000 feet of plank @ £6 21 :i2:o 

To loooo cypress shingles @ 20/ 10: 0:0 

To iiooo 8« @ 24/ 13: 4:0 

To 8 window shutters & for hanging d® @ 5/ 2:0 :o 

To underpinning the Storehouse & Coal House shed 

for the Gun factory 5:12:6 

To 6" large nails 0: 5:9 

To framing 7 square of Centers @ 10/ 3:10:0 

To flooring the upper story 2: 0:0 



£508: 1:9 



1780 March 26. To balance as pr con* 431:16:6^ 

To interest on D<» 
[Endorsed] Account Brooke & Tutt with State of Virginia 



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256 William and Mary Quarterly 



1777 Jane 24 By Cash of Colo Lewis in p34>er money 

@ i25 @ 2^ for I 10: 0:0 

Ang* 6 By Do of Do in Do isi @ 3 for I 17: ou> 

1779 Nov' 22 By Do of Do in Do isoo @ 6 f or i 33:6:8 
179 Nov 22 By Do of Do in Do isoo @ 36 f or i 13: 7:9^ 

1780 March 28 By Do of Do in Do iio2 @ 50 f or i 2: 0:9^ 

Balance due 431:16:6^ 



508: 1:9 
Erros Ex^ 

Rd Brooke, 
James Tutt 

APPENDIX 10 

[Virginia State Library, Executive Papers February 1781] 

February the gth 1781 
Dr. Sir 

I expected to have received by Mr. Dick the money I have advanced 
for the public Gtm factory at Fredericksburg for which he had a war- 
rant on the Treasury, no man is a better judge of the loss I must at my 
rate sustain by not receiving my money than you, and most part of it 
was advanced as early as July and without such advance the factory must 
have been discontinued, as no money could be had at the Treasury or 
so little that business must have suffered greatly; had I suffered that 
factory to have stoped I know the public would have condemned me for 
it alltho' I should not have been blameable as the cause would have been 
the want of money. You may remember that I was desired to borrow 
all the money I could for the use of the State. I think I promised between 
Thirty and Forty Thousand pounds, seven Thousand of which I lent the 
State being all that I had at that time on hand. By these advances I 
have distressed myself greatly and at this time am not able to to pay 
the collector my taxes and continue my business in the usual manner. 
I shall be greatly obliged to you to send me the Money by Mr. James 
Maury who has the warrant; can it be expected that the State can be 
well served when its best Friends are used in the manner I have been 
treated 

I am Sr Your most Obedt Servant, 

Fielding Lewis. 
To 

Colo George Brooke, 

Treasurer of the State of 
Virginia. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 257 

APPENDIX II 

[Virginia State Library, Spotsylvania G)unty Petitions] 

To the Honble the Speaker & other Gentlemen of the House of Delegates — 
The Memorial of Charles Dick of the town of Fredericksburg humbly 
sheweth that Yr Memorialist has been emplo/d for some years past 
as Director of the Public Manufactory at the said Town—the great [and] 
exteusive utility of which may be known by representations in [the] 
hands of the Executive. Yr Memorialist transact the whole [ ?] business 
of the said Manufactory, very extensive in its nature [ ?] for provision & 
all other necessaries are executed by himself [along?]. And altho' a 
small and moderate annual Allowance has been granted him by resolve of 
both Houses of Assembly in Tobacco, yet by his not being included in the 
late Appropriation Law, amongst the other officers of Civil Government, 
as he supposes by mistake He cannot draw any part of his said salary 
from the Treasury he therefore prays such relief as the Honble House 
may in their wisdom think just & equitable. 

[Endorsed] 

Dick's Petition 
November 23d 1782 
Referred to Propositions 

December 24th 1782 
Reasonable. 



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258 William and Masy Quarterly 

WARD FAMILY 

(Concluded) 

5. Seth* Ward (Seth* Richard,^ Seth^) of Henrico County. 
He was doubtless the eldest son of Captain Seth' Ward, and it 
was he, who, in 1713 was chosen guardian by his younger brother, 
Joseph Ward (see ante p. 190). In the will of Richard* Ward, of 
Henrico, dated April 18, 1682; probated August i, 1682 (see 
ante p. 187) the following bequests are made : 

"Son Richard Ward, 300 acres in 2 parcels, one lying and being on 
Mr. Abell Gower, the other lying and being on Mr. John Knowles." 

"Eldest son Seth Ward, plantation I now live on and all the lands that 
shall bt left %n> what I expressed in my will above said," The italicized 
passage in the second quoted clause only becomes clear in the light of the 
following record by which its obvious intention is that Richard Ward (the 
son) should hold the land that the said land should revert to Seth Ward 
(the eldest son) or his heir. 

In Henrico Court August 171 1, in an action of waste, Seth Ward 
plaintiff, vs. Richard Ward, defendant, the following facts are given: 
The plaintiff declares that the defendant doth hold and possess 2 parcels 
of land containing 300 acres with appurtenances, lying and being in diis 
(L e., Henrico] county by virtue of a devise of Richard Word, deed,, to 
him the said defendant and for term of Hfe and that he said plaintiff by 
law is seised of reversion in fee of the said 2 parcels of land with appur^ 
tenances. Then follow the items of waste, etc (Henrico Records, Order 
Book 1710-14, p. 89; see also pp. 78» 81, 98, 102, 108, 117, 125, 138* for 
other orders in this action.f 

The facts here given substantiate the claim made that Seth Ward was 
son of Captain Seth* Ward who died drca 1707, in that Richard* Ward 
devised reversionary interest in the lands in question to his eldest son 
Seth* Ward who is proved to have been (Captain Seth* Ward who died 
in 1707; and Seth Ward, the plaintiff in the action of waste could only 
have been seized of reversion in fee thereof as being son of Seth Ward 
the original devisee. 



♦These last two entries for March 1711/12, the jury's verdict and 
May 1 712, the argument on the verdict and an appeal taken to the General 
C:ourt 

t Other orders relative to Seth Ward in November 1712 and Fd>niary 
1712/13, and his lands, and a "cart wa/* to them will be found quoted 



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William and Masy Quarterly 259 

The ontcome of the proceedings of the "action of waste" was that: 

On August 3, 1717, Richard Ward, Senior, of Henrico, conveyed to 
Seth Ward, of same, for £$0 currency, 300 acres in the county and parish 
of Henrico, on south side of James River, being two parcels, viz. : all the 
lands devised said Richard Ward by his father Richard Ward, deceased, 
as by the said father's will dated April 18, 1682 (Henrico Records, Vol 
1714-18, p. 188). 

On August 5, 1717 Seth Ward, of the parish and county of Henrico, 
conveyed to Richard Ward, Senior, of same, for £20 currency 100 acres 
on south side of James River in aforesaid parish and county, adjoining 
Joseph Ward, Gower's line, Sheffield ancient comer. Martha, wife of said 
Seth Ward, relinquished her dower right therein. (Henrico Records, 
VoL 1714-18, p. ifik).) 

In November 1722 Seth* Ward was receiver of tobacco and in Jan- 
uary 1722/3 was under-sheriff (or deputy) in Henrico County. 

John Worsham, of Henrico, in his will dated June 9, 1729, mentions 
his daughter Martha Ward. As will appear by her relinquishing dower 
(see above) Martha had married Seth Ward prior to August 1717. i June 
1730. John Trent and Gilbert Get of County and Parish of Henrico to 
Seth Ward, of county and parish aforesaid £25 currency for 200 acres of 
land on the south side of James River in parish and county aforesaid, 
being plantation whereon said Jno. Trent noW liveth, being part of a 
patent granted said Trent and Gee; touches southside of a branch of the 
Lower Manakin Town Creek. Recorded June 1737. (Henrico Records, 
VoL 1725-37, p. 268.) 

The will of Seth* Ward, of the parish and county of Henrico, dated 
14 December 1734 was admitted to record in Henrico County Court 6 
January 1734/5: To two daughters Martha Ward and Elizabeth Ward, 
4 negroes and £20 currency apiece; to son Seth Ward all my land in 
Henrico and all my negroes not before mentioned, silver tankard, 7 silver 
spoons, I seal gold ring, i case with 15 bottles, 4 guns, brass kettles, 2 pair 
hand irons, and other personal items, and money in my house and what b 
duely bound, all plantation utensils; to Abraham Jones, when he comes 
to the age of 21 years, i young mare, i cow and calf, 2 sows & piggs. 
After debts, legacies and funeral charges are paid residue of personal 
estate, goods and chattels not before mentioned to be equally divided be- 
tween my 3 children, Seth, Martha & Elizabeth, and in case that they die 
without lawful issue and not disposed of their estates so that there would 
be an heir at law come into claim their estate, and for preventing that 
heir at law my will is that Abraham Jones heir & enjoy that tract of 
land lying on Mishew's Branch containing 200 acres to him and his 
heirs forever, and for preventing of that heir at law coming in for any 
part of my estate my plantation I now live on and all my land in Sheffields, 
negroes 8c other estate real and personal not disposed of by my children 



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26o William and Mary Quarterly 

aforesaid I ghre to Capt John Worsham & Capt Wm. Worsham to tfaem 
and tfadr heirs forever, and tiiey are also appointed trustees to see my will 
performed and to take upon them the guardianship and care of my chil- 
dren. Executors : son Seth, Capt John Worsham. Witness : Wm. Fuller, 
Govert Burger and Oliver X. Bird. Recorded 6 January 1734. (Henrioo 
Records VoL 1725-27, p. 461). 

Inventory of estate of Seth Ward, taken 30 January I734— [Very 
large, items appraised but no total appraisement] Edward Osborne, 
Joseph Tanner, William Bass, appraisers. Recorded, June 2, 1735. (/&t^ 
VoL 1725-37, p. 490.) 

Seth* Ward and Martha (Worsham) Ward had issue : 

L Colonel Sedi* Ward, of ''Sheffield," and ''Winterpodc," Henrico, 
later Chesterfield County; justice of Henrico 1745; sheriff Chesterfield 
and member of the House of Burgesses from that county. He married 
his first cousin [baptismal name unknown] daughter of Benjamin* and 
Ann (Anderson) Ward of Henrico County (see post under 7 Benjamin* 
Ward).* 

Seth Ward, of Dale Parish, Cliesterfield County, will dated September 
8, 17^; son Seth Ward, land and plantation he [L e. Seth, Junior] now 
lives on known as Sheffield on James River; all negroes now in his pos- 
session on said plantation, except 2 children : Frank and Rachel ; hotise- 
hold furniture, tools, stodc, on said plantation and in hb possession; son 
Benjamm Ward, land and plantation whereon I now live on Appomattox 
River, the two negro children Frank and Rachel, also the negroes on &e 
said plantation except Pegg, daughter of Kate, all stock, household furni- 
ture, tools on said plantation; but, if said Benjamin dies before he attains 
the age of 21 years, without issue, said estate to my son Seth and his 
heirs; daughter Mary, i negro girl and £500 currency; daughter Martha. 
I negro girl and £500 currency ; daughter Ann, i negro girl and £500 cur- 
rency; but, if daughter Ann die before the age of 18 jrears unmarried said 
negro and money to be equally divided between daughters Mary and 
Martha; and, if son Benjamin dies under 21 years old wi&out issuer then 
to my daughters Mary, Martha and Ann the further sum of £500 each; 
and said Ann's part in case of her death after said Benjamin's, and before 
she arrives to 18 years of age and unmarried, to be equally divided be- 
tween her two sisters Mary and Martha; to son Seth, sole use of estate 
willed to my son, Benjamin until said Benjamin arrives at age of 21 



^ Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, IL, p. 312^ gives CoL 
Seth Ward, of "Sheffield" and "Wmttrpwk," etc, as son of Benjamin 
and Ann (Anderson) Ward; a comparison of the will of Benjamin* 
Ward (post page 264) shows that he had no son Seth; while a record 
quoted post page 265 shows that Seth* Ward's wife was a daughter of 
Benjamin.* 



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William and Mary Quarterly 261 

years, and in consideration of legacies bequeathed said Seth I charge him 
with payment of all my debts and with payment of money legacies to my 
daughters; that is to say, with the payment of the first mentioned £500 
each, immediately, and also with the payment of the remainder on the con- 
tingency of his brother's death happening as aforesaid in such parts and 
portions as the same shall be raised from the profits of the said estate 
yearly until the whole legacies are paid oflF ; and the whole estate left son 
Seth is hereby made subject to the payment of said legacies in case he fails 
in payment thereof. Executors, son Seth Ward, sons in law William 
Broadnax and James Murray and friend Benjamin Watldns. (Chester- 
field Co. Will Book 2, p. 13.) 

n. Martha Ward,8 
in. Elizabeth Ward,» 
(Nothing further is at present known of these daughters.) 

6. Richard* Ward (Seth* Richard,^ Seth^). There are no 
data in Henrico, Chesterfield, Amelia, Prince Edward, Ctunber- 
land, Charlotte or Ltinenburg cotinties (in deeds or wills) to show 
what became of this Richard* Ward ; however there may yet be 
fotmd something in Brunswick or Goochland that will finally 
identify him. 

The following data relative to a Richard Ward, who lived in Cumber- 
land and in Lunenburg, where he died, are given here as it is not improba- 
ble than the Richard Ward to whom they refer was Richard* Ward, son 
of Captain Seth» Ward, of Henrico County.* 



* The following patents were granted in the name of Richard Ward : 
March 3, 1753, 450 acres north side Appomattox River, Goochland 
(later Cumberland) County, beginning at the mouth of Angola Creek 
(Register of the Land Office, Richmond, Patent Book, 15, p. 186) ; July 
30^ 1742^ 200 acres south side James River, on Swift Creek in (joochland 
County, formerly granted Nathaniel Maxey, April 11, 1732, and by him 
deserted (Ibid. Patent Book 20, p. 411) ; February 12, 1742, 304 acres on 
north side Ward Fork (Creek), Brunswick County, adjoining Martin 
(Ibid,, Patent Book 20^ p. 454) ; February 12, 1742, 400 acres Brunswick 
County, on both sides Cub Credc (Ibid. Patent Book 21, p. 194) ; August 
26, 1746, 400 acres in Amelia County (later Prince Edward), south side 
Appomattox River, adjoining Osborne's line, beginning at Osborne's cor- 
ner white oak on the river; formerly granted to John Dawson, since de- 
ceased, July 30^ 1738, and Henry Dawson, son and heir of said John, 
failing to seat, same is now granted to Richard \yard. (Ibid. Patent Book 
25, p. 217) ; January 12, 1746, 404 acres in Brunswidc County, south side 
Ward's Fork. (Ibid., Patent Book 28, p. 681) ; September 20, 1748, 500 
acres in Amelia Cotmty, south side Little Saylor's Creek (later Prince 



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262 William and Mary Quarterly 

1751, September 19. Richard Ward, of Cumberland Comity to James 
Mitchell, of Raleigh Parish, Amelia Comity, £1000 currency, 500 acres in 



Edward Comity) part of a patent for 3146 acres formerly granted John 
Crawford by patent June 5, 1736 and forfeited for want of seating (Ibid. 
Patent Book ^ p. 363.) 

The following items from Henrico County Order Books refer probably 
to thb Richard Ward: 

William Blackman having caused a summons to issue against Richard 
Ward, Junr to appear at this court to discharge him from his estate which 
the said Blackman hath delivered him, the said Ward appears, and the 
court having heard him, the said Blackman, and Christopher Branch, 
who was present at the delivery, it appears to the Court that the said 
Ward hath received his estate, and thereupon the said Blackman is dis- 
charged from the same. (Henrico Records, Order Book 1 710-14, p. 297.) 

August 1714. Edward Matthews, Richard Ward, Jun^ and Thomas 
Matthews taken up for fighting in the presence of court (Ibid, p. 298.) 

February 1719, Richard Ward, Jr., vs. John Tanner, action of case 
(Ibid. Order Book 1719-24, p. 13). September 1720, Seth Ward vs. Richard 
Ward, Jun^ action of trespass, £50 sterling ; for defendants assaulting and 
wounding the plaintiff; defendant arrested but failed to appear; judg- 
ment wi^ costs granted plantiff against defendant, and Thomas Turpin, 
hb surety, if appearance at next court judgment void (Ibid, p. 47). Octo- 
ber 1720, John Soane vs. Richard Ward, action of trespass, dismissed 
(Ibid. p. 51) ; February 1720/1, George Ronald vs. Richard Ward, Jun' 
action of case (Ibid. p. 68). August 1721, William Randolph vs. Richard 
Ward, Jun^ action of debt (Ibid. p. 122). June 1722, Richard Ward, Jun' 
answering presentment of grand jury for swearing of an oath; ordered 
to pay church wardens 5 shillings or 50 pounds of tobacco; Seth Ward, 
surety (Ibid. p. 185). August 1722, Richard Ward, Jr. vs. Samuel Soane, 
executor of Henry Soane, deceased, action of case (Ibid. p. 194). January 
1722/3, Richard Ward, Jun' under sheriff (Ibid. p. 228). August 1733, 
Richard Ward, Jun' vs. John Peter Bondurant, action of case (Ibid. p. 274). 
March 1723/4 Richard Ward, Jun<' vs. John Burton, action of trespass 
(Ibid. p. 330). June 1724, Richard Dennb complaining to one of the 
justices of Henrico County against Richard Ward for stealing 8 or 9 
bushells of Indian com, and said Ward being committed into the custody 
of the sheriff there to remain until he gave bond for his appearance to 
answer said complaint; said Ward appears and the court being of opinion 
the proceedings upon said complaint are not legal the same is dismissed and 
each party is ordered to pay his own costs (Ibid. p. 345). October 1724 
John Burton, plaintiff, vs. Richard Ward, defendant; defendant assaulted 
and beat the said plaintiff; jury verdict for plaintiff, 17 shillings sterling; 
battery fully proved; plaintiff to recover with costs (Ibid. p. 361). 



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William and Mary Quarterly 263 

Amelia Cownty on sontfa side of Little Sailor Credc. (Amelia County 
Deed Book 4, p. 148.) 

September 5, 1754, Richard Ward, of Cumberland County to his 
daughter Tahpenes Ward, of Cumberland County, deed of gift, 400 acres 
in Prince Edward County, on Appomattox River, adjoining Joseph Ward, 
John Johnson, David Greenhill, formerly Henry Dawson. Witness : Ben- 
jamin Ward. (Prince Edward Records, Deed Book i, p. 15.) 

September 5, 1754, Richard Ward, of Southam Parish, Cumberland 
(bounty for £500 currency, conveys to Benjamin Ward, of Granville Cotmty, 
North (Carolina, 13 negroes, all stock of horses, cattle, hogs, household 
furniture belonging to my plantation in Lunenburg (bounty. Lunenburg 
Records, Deed Book, 4, p. 288; a duplicate recorded Ibid. Deed Book 5, 
p. 197.) 

June 30, 1755, Richard Ward, of Cumberland County, Virginia, to 
Benjamin Ward, of Granville C>>unty, North Carolina, for £1500 currency, 
conveying all said Richard's lands in Lunenburg County, being on Ward's 
Ford (Ward's Fork now in Charlotte County ?), a branch of Little 
Roanoke, and all buildings and appurtenances. (Ibid^ Deed Book 4, p. 
150.) 

June, 30^ 1755, Richard Ward, late of Cumberland County, Virginia, 
but at present of (xranville County, North Carolina, Planter, power of 
attorney to trusty friend Benjamin Ward, late of (Jranville (bounty, North 
Carolina, but now of Lunenburg County, Virginia, to demand, sue for, re- 
cover, receive of all persons indebted to me in Virginia and to deliver up 
in execution all persons whom I have become special for nn any suit or 
action now pending and undertermined in any court of Virginia (Ibid. 
Deed Book 4, p. 151). 

Trial of Richard Ward for a felony (nature not given) Lunenburg 
County Court July 21, 1755; not guilty, and instantly discharged. 
Nathaniel Bassett came into court and made oath that he believed himself 
in danger of his life from Richard Ward and said Ward is bound over 
to keep the peace, etc., his bondsmen being James Cary, Jr., Ben Harris, 
Jeremiah Hatcher and Benjamin Ward. (Ibid. Order Book 1754-55, 
pages not numbered.) 

September 28^ 1758 Reece Preece, of Lunenburg County for £50 
currency, conveys to Richard Ward, of (Goochland, 337 acres on Ward's 
Fork, Lunenburg County. (Ibid. Deed Book 4, p. 321.) 

October 13, 1761, James Caldwell, of Lunenburg County to Richard 
Ward, of Lunenburg County for £60 currency, 160^ acres on branches of 
Sandy Creek. (Ibid. Deed Book 7, p, IS7).* 



* The above deeds are all that appear in the name of Richard Ward, 
as grantor or grantee, in the Lunenburg records, 1 749-1800. 



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264 William and Mary Quarterly 

The will of Richard Ward of Cornwall Parish,! Lmtenburg Cotmty, 
dated November 17, 1759, probated February 2, 1762; devised to son 
Benjamin Ward, 120 acres in Cumberland Parish (or county?) adjoin- 
ing James Brown, Jonas Renuls and Valentine CoUey ; daufi^ter Tahpoiahs 
Ward, I shilling; wife Mary Ward is loaned 6 negroes during her life 
and is given 2 feather beds and furniture, riding horse, side saddle, etc, 
also 356 acres in Lunenburg County, between William Fuqua and Lennard 
Ward; to child wife is now with, 150 acres in Chesterfield County (be- 
tween?) Eliza (jay and Seath Ward, between the road and the river and 
also loi acres in Cumberland County between Angolea Creek and Ap- 
pomattox River and also the land I now enjoy in Lunenburg County 
and all the negros and everything I am possessed with in Cumberland 
County and also in Lunenburg County and 6 negros I lent my wife. 
Executors: friend Seath Ward and Perrin Alday. Witnesses: Abra 
Martin, Neal Frank, Joshua Wharton {Ibid. Will Book i, p. 341.) 

7, Benjamin* Ward (Seth,^ Richard,^ Seth^), of Henrico 
County, bom ; died 1732.* 

The will of Benjamin* Ward, of Henrico County, dated 29, May 
1732, made bequests to : 

Eldest son Henry Ward, 175 acres ^ng between Seath Ward and 
Joseph Ward and the land I bought and purchased of John Ward being 
267 acres lying between Richd. Ward's head line and Blackman Ward's, 
the Spring Run and the Brooke; Son Benjamin Ward, 787 acres on 
Knibb's Creek and head branches of Beaver Pond Branch of Deep Oedc 
in Prince George County; Son Rowland Ward, 400 acres adjoining Thomas 
Jones, and Joseph Wilkinson's. If son Benjamin die without issue land 
bequeathed him to go to son Rowland and the 400 acres given my son 
Rowland to return to my son Henry; and in case Rowland dies without 
issue then that to return to my son Henry and his heirs forever ; Residue 
of estate real & personal to be equally divided between beloved wife Ann 
Ward and all my children, sons and daughters. Wife Ann Ward full 
& sole executrix. Witnesses: Joseph Ward, Peter Wariner, George 
Cogbill. Probated i Monday July 1732. (Henrico Court, Vol. i7?5-37» P- 
35L) 

Inventory of the estate of Benjamin Ward, deceased, 17 July 1732; 
£229:3:1. William Bass, Will Cheatham, Robert Thompson, Appraisers; 
and £134:9:3; William Bass, Thomas Branch, Will Cheatham, i^praisers. 
The two inventories totaled £363:12:14. (Ibid. VoL i725-37» p. 442.) 



t On erection of Charlotte (bounty in 1765, from a part of Lunenburg, 
(Cornwall Parish fell within the boundaries of Charlotte. 

* For a deed to Benjamin Ward from John Ward (see ante, p. 197). 



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William and Mary Quarterly 265 

In obedience to an order of Henrico Court dated February 1736. We 
have divided the estate of Benjamin Ward between his orphans and 
Edward Friend as follows : 

We find the Inventory of the said estate to amount to ^363 :i3 -a 

We find an account Dr and Cr 
which was adjudg^ed by said 
Court to be in favor of the 
said estate 36:6:3 



^399:19:5^ 



four parts of which said sum amounting to £319 :19s :6d: 3 farthings we 
have ordered in possession of Joseph Ward as guardian to the orphans 
which said sum is now in possession of said Joseph Ward except £2:14:9^ 
which sum we order the said . . . Friend to pay the said Ward out 
of the bills for which he hath sold part of the estate already for, when 
they become due. All the residue of said estate we order to the said 
Edward Friend.* Given under our hands thes 3 Day of May 1737. 

Henry Cary 
Wm. Gay 

Recorded Court held I Monday in June 1737. Presented by Henry 
Cary and Wm Gay (Ibid. VoL 1725-37, p. 622.) 

Henrico Court November 1741, Joseph Ward guardian to the orphans 
of Benjamin Ward, deceased, failing to appear and exhibit account of said 
guardianship; ordered that he appear at next court and produce same 
(Ibid, Order Book 1737-46, p. 161) ; March 1741 ,Mary Ward orphan of 
Benjamin Ward, chooses Seth Ward as her guardian, who accepts (Ibid. 
p. 173). April 1742, on Joseph Ward's failing to appear and deliver an 
account of the estate of the orphans of Benjamin Ward, deed., ordered 
that he deliver the same at the next court (Ibid. p. 175). May 1742 
Ordered that Joseph Ward return account of estate of tfie orphans of 
Benjamin Ward, deed., at the next court (Ibid. p. 182). October 1742, 
Seth Wardf who married one of the daughters of Benjamin Ward, deed., 
ordered, that William Gay and Peter Randolph be appointed to see that 
estate of his wife be delivered him according to the will of the said 



* Query: Did Ann, widow of Benjamin Ward, marry secondly Richard 
Friend? This would seem to be indicated by Friend's having possession 
of the property, and as Benjamin Ward appointed his wife sole executrix. 

fThis was Seth Ward, son of Seth and Martha (Worsham) Ward, 
(see ante, under 5 Seth* Ward). 



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266 William and Mary Quasterly 

decedent (Ibid. p. 196). December 1742. Benjamin Ward, orphan of 
Benjamin Ward, decd^ chooses Henry Anderson^ his guardian and die 
court appoints said Anderson guardian to Rowland Ward, another of said 
decedents orphans. Joseph Ward who was before guardian to said 
orphans being very infirm willingly relinquishes the same to said Ander- 
son, who gives bond accordingly with Edward G)x and Edward Friend, 
security. 

Joseph Ward, who was guardian to Henry Ward, an orphan of Ben- 
jamin Ward, deed., being very infirm desires to relinquish the said guar- 
dianship, whereupon the court appoints Seth Ward to be guardian to 
said orphans, the said Seth accepts and gives bond with Henry Batte and 
William Finney, securitys. 

William Gay and Peter Randolph, Gent, appointed to receive of 
Joseph Ward, late guardian of the orphans of Benjamin Ward, deed., 
all the estate belonging to said orphans which said Joseph by virtue of said 
guardianship hath in his hands, and to deliver same to Henry Anderson 
and Seth Ward, present guardians to said orphans, respectively; accord- 
ing to decedents last will and testament (Ibid. p. 199.) 

Benjamin^ Ward married Ann, daughter of Henry and Pru- 
dence (Stratton) Anderson, of Henrico County,§ and had issue: 

I. Henry^ Ward, of Amelia County, who married Prudence, daugh- 
ter of G)lonel Richard and Sarah (Stratton) Jones, of Amelia. Novem- 
ber 3, 1746, Henry Ward, of Amelia County to Seth Ward, of Henrico 
G)unty, £200 currency, 2 tracts, viz.: one containing 176 acres on south 
side of James River, in Henrico County, lying between the lines of said 
Seth Ward and Joseph Ward, and the other lying between Richard Ward's 
head line and Blackman Ward's the Spring Run and the Brook, contain- 
ing 267 acres, and devised said Henry Ward by the will of his father, 
Benjamin Ward, recorded in Henrico. (Henrico Records, Vol. 1744-Q, 
p. 223.) The will of Henry Ward of Amelia County, dated April 14, 
1765, probated May 25, 1765, made bequests to son Benjamin Ward, son 
Henry Ward ; to daughters £500 currency and a negro each ; to Prudence, 
Ann and Sally daughters, to wife; executors, brothers Benjamin Ward, 
Sr., and Rowland Ward, and son Henry Ward. (Amelia Records, Will 
Book 2X, p. 94.) On November 10^ 1768 a marriage bond issued in 
Amelia County for Paschal Greenhill and Ann Ward, orphan of Henry 
Ward (QuAKTERLY, XVn, p. 43) 



t Maternal uncle of Benjamin, the orphan. 

§ The will of Henry Anderson, of Henrico County, dated January 20^ 
1733/4 probated May 1734, names (among others) daughter Ann Ward. 
(Henrico Records, VoL i725-37» P. 439; See ako QuAKnoLY, XXIV, p. 
274-377 for Stratton family.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 267 

II. Benjamin^ Ward, of Amelia Connty. His will dated November 
io» 1785, probated June 28^ 1787, made bequests to son Benjamin Ward; 
granddaughter Elizabeth Ward Greenhill, eldest daughter of William 
Greenhill; granddaughter Ann, second daughter of William Greenhill; 
daughter Elizabeth Greenhill, wife of William Greenhill; executors, Wil- 
liam Greenhill, and Elizabeth his wife. (Amelia Records, Will Book 4 ,p. 
60.) June 24, 1780, a marriage bond issued in Amelia County, for William 
Greenhill and Elizabeth Ward. (Quasterly, XVII, p. 43.) 

ni. Rowland*^ Ward, of Amelia County, who married Rebecca, 

daughter of Colonel Richard and Margaret ( ) Jones, of Amelia 

County, and half-sister of his brother Henry Ward's wife, Prudence 
Jones. The will of Rowland Ward, of Amelia County, dated February 
3, 1800; probated, October 23, 1800, made bequests to daughter Martha 
Jones, daughter of Margaret Jones; daughter Ann Jones; son Edward 
Ward; grandson Richard Henry Jones; Grandson Henry Ward; grand- 
daughter Prudence Jones.* Executor son Edward Ward.f (Amelia 
Records, Will Book 6, p. 145.) 

IV. » Ward, married Seth Ward, son of Seth and Martha 

(Worsham) Ward. (See ante, under 5 Seth* Ward). 

V. * Ward, a daughter, of whom nothing further is known. 

Henry,** Benjamin," and Rowland* Ward (sons of Benjamin* 
and Ann (Anderson) Ward were all men of large wealth, and 
they with their descendants, were for generations among the lead- 
ing people of Amelia and Nottoway Counties. J From the Amelia 



* (i) Martha* Ward married Richard Jones, Jr., marriage bond 
dated Nov. 15, 1774; Margaret Ward married Batte Jones; marriage bond 
dated Feb. 11, 1777; Ann Ward married Robert Jones; marriage bond 
dated June 5, 1783 (Amelia G). Marriage Bonds, Quartekly^ XVI, pp. 
209 and 210) Richard Jones, Jr. (who married Martha Ward) is not yet 
positively identified, however, it is not improbable that he was Richard, 
son of Daniel Jones, and grandson of Clolonel Richard and Sarah (Strat- 
ton) Jones, of Amelia. Batte Jones and Robert Jones, were sons of Peter 
Jones, and grandsons of Colonel Richard and Sarah (Stratton) Jones. 
The granddaughter mentioned as "Prudence Jones" was Prudence Ward 
who married Lewelyn Jones of Lunenburg County, son of Peter Jones, 
grandson of Peter Jones and great-grandson of CoL Richard and Sarah 
(Stratton) Jones. 

t A copy of Rowland Ward's will is given in Garretfs American HiS' 
torical Magasine, IV, p. 22. 

t See Quarterly, XXIV, p. 271, etc, for a note on Wards of Amelia. 



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268 William and Mary Quarterly 

Gnmty Wards descend the distinguished Ward family of Ten- 
nessee. For excerpts from Amelia Records, and some account 
of the Tennessee Wards, see Garretfs American Historical Maga- 
sine^ IV, p. 22. 

8. Joseph* Ward (Seth,* Richard,* Seth}) of Henrico County, 

bom ; died 1743. In Augst 1713 he chose his guardian 

in Henrico Court ,*t in August 1717 lands conveyed by Seth* Ward 
(a brother of Joseph*) are said to adjoin lands of Joseph Ward.§ 
References to Joseph Ward in Henrico Records are as follows: 

February 1722/3, Joseph Ward vs. Robert Burton, action of case 
(Henrico Records, Order Book 1719-24, p. 212; this action dismissed, p 
«37). 

September 22, 1739, Joseph Ward patented 1700 acres in Bnmswidc 
County, north side of Staunton River, adjoining AA^lliam Fuqua. (Regis- 
ter of the Land Office, Patent Book No. 18, p. 455.) Joseph^ Ward's name 
appears repeatedly in court orders as plaintiff or defendant in minor actions 
which only proves that he was living in Henrico County at those special 
dates. Among these items is one of interest as showing something of 
Joseph's "sportsmanlike" proclivities : In July 1740 Joseph Ward brought 
action against John Ward in Henrico G)urt; the trial was referred from 
court to court until finally at December G)urt 1740 this entry was made: 

Joseph Ward vs. John Ward, action of trespass in case, "plaintiff to 
take nothing by his said action it being brought for money said to be won 
on a wager layd contrary to an Act of Assembly of this colony for that 
purpose made and provided"; the action dismissed. (Henrico Records, 
Order Book 1737-46, p. 131.) Joseph Ward was in 1741 guardian to the 
orphans of his brother Benjamin Ward, deed., which guardianship he re- 
linquished in December 1742, "being very infirm." {Ibid., Order Book 
i737-46> PP* I55t 161, I75> IQP)- In March 1741 Joseph Ward appears as 
surveyor of the road from Falling Creek to Proctor's Creek {Ibid. Order 
Book 1737-46, p. 169) which office he continued to fill until his death, after 
which, Seth Ward was appointed in hb place. (Ibid,, p. 221.) 

At Henrico Court July 1743 Sarah Ward, executor of Joseph Ward, 
deceased, presented his will which was proved by tiie oaths of witnesses, 
and certificates for probate thereof granted the executrix, with John 
Stewart and Joseph Ligon, sureties; Edward Hill, John Hill, Abraham 
Baley and Henry Moody, of any three of them ordered to appraise said 



t See ante, p. 190^ for these court orders. 

t See ante, under 5 Seth Ward, for abstract of this deed. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 269 

Joseph Ward's estate. (Ibid. Order Book 1737-46, p. 225.) In January 
1743/4 the inventory of Joseph Ward's estate presented by John Hill and 
ordered to be recorded (Ibid. Order Book 1737-46 p. 244.) 

The will of Joseph Ward, of Henrico County, dated February 19^ 
1741, probated July 1743 directed that debts and funeral charges first be 
paid; son Joseph Ward, 254 acres on south side of Appomattox River 
below Baylor's Creek in Amelia County; son Seth Ward, 500 acres on 
Staunton River in Bnmswick County; son Stewart Ward, plantation I 
now live on being 175 acres in Henrico County ; son John Ward, 500 acres 
on Staunton River in Brunswick County; son Leonard Ward, 500 acres 
on Staunton River in Brunswick County, and directs that this tract of 
land [i. e. whole tract on Staunton River] whether more or less than 1500 
acres be equally divided between the three brothers, viz.: Seth, John 
and Leonard, son William Ward, all remainder of 730 acres on Little 
Roanoke, in Bnmswick County, which shall remain unsold after the 
testator's death; wife and children shall each have an equal part of 
movable estate; wife named whole and sole executrix. Witnesses: John 
Stewart, Arthur Giles, Mary Stewart Sarah Ward, executrix.* 

The following records relative to the settlement of Joseph 
Ward's estate are from Chesterfield Cotmty Court : 

November Court, 1754. Leonard Ward and Sarah Ward, orphans 
of Joseph Ward, deceased, made choice of Sarah Ward for their guardian 
who is also appointed guardian to William Ward orphan of the said 
Joseph Ward, and thereupon she entered into bond with Archibald Cary 
her surety in penalty of two thousand pounds current money. (Chester- 
field Co. Order Book II, p. 9.) 

December Court 1754. Seth, John, Ann and Leonard Ward and Wil- 
liam and Sarah Ward, infants by John Wayles, their next friend, against 
Sarah Ward, executrix of Joseph Ward, deceased. By consent of the 
parties it is ordered that Joseph Ward be made a party respondent in 
this suit and that he be summoned accordingly. (Order Book II, p. 26.) 

January Court 1755. Seth, John, Ann and Leonard Ward and Wil- 
liam and Sarah Ward, infants by John Wayles, their next friend, against 
Sarah Ward, executrix of Joseph Ward, deceased, and Joseph Ward. 
Defendants filed answers; surplus of slaves and other movable estate of 



* The Henrico Court Will Book for this period is missing; the original 
will of Joseph Ward is also missing but, "At court held for Henrico 6 
December 1802 This will presented to Court and record thereof having 
been destroyed by the enemy" [i. e. the British during the Revolutionary 
War] is ordered recorded. This record is in Henrico County Will Book, 
No. 3. (1802-1809), p. 31. 



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270 William and Mary Quarterly 

decedent in hands of the defendant Sarah, after payment of decedenti 
dd>ts amoonting to £433:i86:6d, currency be equally divided and allotted 
among said plaintiffs and the defendants m equal shares; commissioners 
for division and they are to make report to court for final decree 
(Chesterfield Co^ Order Book U, p. 33.) 

August Court 1758. Seth, John, Ann and Leonard Ward, and WilHam 
and Sarah Ward, infants, by John Wayles, their next friend. Plaintiff 
against Sarah Ward, executrix of Joseph Ward, deceased, and Joseph 
Ward, Defendant A division and allotment of the slaves and personal 
estate in the complainants Bill mentioned being now made and returned 
in these words to wit: 

"An Acct of Sarah Ward's part of her deceased Husband Jos^ 
Ward's estate, viz: 



To a Negro Man Mingo 
To a negro Woman Doll 

Dr. To her Son Wm, Ward 
to her Daughter Sarah 





£401 
35 


£iS 7:6 
7:5 


75: 
22:12:6 


£22:12:6 


£52: 7:6 

£35: 
20: 


£2: 7:6 

5: 


£55: 
2:12:6 



Joseph Ward's Part of his Father's EsUte 
To a Negro Man Dick 
To a Negro Boy Bobb 

Dr. To his Brother Seth 
To his Brother John 

£ 2:12:6 £52: 7:6 
To his Brother Leon< for Personal 

Estate which he has rec more 

tiian his part £13:13: 
Seth Ward's Part of his Father's EsUte 

To a Negro Man Peter £35: 
To a Negro Girl Betty 15 : 



£50: 
Cr. by his Brother Joseph 2: 7:6 



£52: 7:6 



Dr. to his Brother John for Personal Estate 

which he has had more than his 

part £17: 6:6 

To L«m* for Do 3:15: 

£21: I. -6 



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William and Mary Quarterly 271 

John Ward's part of his Father's Estate 

To a negro man Will - i35: 

To a negro girl Patt 15: 

Cr. By his Sister Ann 
By Joseph 



Leon« Ward's Part of his Father's Estate 
To a Negro Man Stepney 
To a Negro girl Beck 



Sr. By his Sister Ann 



Cr. By his Brother Joseph for Personal 

Estate which he has had more than his 
part 

Cr. By Seth for Do 



William Ward's Part of his Father's Estate 
To a Negro Boy Tom 
To a Negro Girl Pegg 
Cr. By his mother 



Ann Ward's Part of her Father's Estate 
To a Negro Woman Moll 
To a Negro Girl Anne 

Do Dr. to her Brother Leon' 
Dr to her Sister Sarah 
Dr to her Brother John 



Sarah Ward's Part of her Father's Estate 
To a Negro Woman Hagar 
To a girl Easter 

Cr. By her mother 
By her Sister Ann 



£2: 2:6 

5: 


iso: 
2:7:6 




£52:7:6 

i35: 
10: 




i45: 
7-7-^ 


£13: 3: 
3:1s: 


£52:7:6 


£171 8: 


£30: 
7: 
15: 7:6 




£52: 7:6 

£35: 
30: 


£7' 7:6 
3: 2:6 
2: 2:6 


^5: 
12:12:6 


£12:12:6 


£52: 7:6 

i35: 
7: 


£7: 5: 
3: 2:6 


£42: 
10: 7:6 



£10: 7:6 £52: 7:6 



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272 William and Mary Quarterly 

Chesterfield to wit: 

By virtue of an order of the said Court we made Partition of the 
Slaves and Personal Estate of Joseph, deceased, and allotted the same 
among his widow and children in manner and form as above wherein we 
have Directed those who have had Negroes and other Personal Estate of 
greater value to pay the balance in cash to those whose shares has been 
less.** 

Whereupon it is ordered and decreed that the same be established and 
that each party have the share respectively allotted as aforesaid and the 
costs of this suit to be equaUy bom among tiiem. (Chesterfield Co. Order 
Book n, pp. 450-452.) 

Joseph^ and Sarah Ward has issue: 



la 


I. 


Joseph' Ward 




II. 


II. 


Setii» Ward 






III. 


Stewart* Ward 




12. 


IV. 


John* Ward 




13. 


V. 


Leonard* Ward 




14. 


VI. 


WilUam* Ward 






VII. 


Ann* Ward married 


— Ligon 




VIII. 


Sarah* Ward married — 


Walker.* 



At the end of this division (see post page 280 et seq.) of the 
Ward genealogy will be found notes relative to several of the chil- 
dren of Joseph* and Sarah Ward, but at this point we will intro- 



*The evidence of the marriages of Ann* and Sarah* Ward is found 
in the will of their brother, Leonard* Ward, of Chesterfield County (see 
post p. 263). The foUowing is an abstract of the deed by which Leonard 
W. Walker finally disposed of his uncle Leonard Ward's lands in Chester- 
field: February 8, 1802 John Paup and Leonard W. Walker, of Bruns- 
wick Co., to Richard Gregory, of Chesterfield Co. £720 currency, parcel 
of land lying on the south side of James River, in Chesterfield Co., ad- 
joining said Richard Gregory, the lands of Branch Tanner, deceased, (now 
Mary Page Tanner) on three sides, and James River on the other side; 
being all the lands which were devised to the said Leonard W. Walker 
by his uncle Leonard Ward, deceased, late of Chesterfield County, and 
containing by estimation (agreeable to its most ancient and reputed 
boundaries) 321 acres. (Chesterfield (3b. Deed Book 15, p. 457.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 273 

duce the data so far discovered relative to Joseph* Ward, the eldest 
son of Joseph* and Sarah Wardf who was the immediate ancestor 
of the Ward descendants whose interest made this research pos- 
sible. 

Joseph^ Ward (Joseph,* Seth* Richard* Seth^) of Henrico, 
Chesterfield and Prince Edward Counties. Joseph Ward of Hen- 
rico, in his will dated February 19, 1741 (see ante) devised to his 
son Joseph Ward. 254 acres on south side Appomattox River 
below Saylers [Saylor's] Creek in Amelia County. It appears 
by Amelia County Records (Deed Book I, p. 326) that Joseph 
Ward [the testator] of Dale Parish, Henrico Cotmty, purchased 
from James Powell Cocke, of Henrico (for £25 currency) 264 
acres in Amelia Cotmty below Saylor's Creek, on Appomattox 
River, and adjoining the said river. The deed for this land bears 
date Nov. 7, 1737. 

August 1, 1750, Joseph Ward, of Amelia County, for £40 cur- 
rency conveys to John Adkins, of Lunenburg Cotmty, 150 acres 
on lower side of Little Roanoke River (Lunenburg Records, Deed 
Book 2, p. 158). November 23, 1758, Joseph Ward, of Amelia 



tit is not improbable that Sarah, wife of Joseph* Ward, was Sarah 
Stewart. The following item is of interest in this connection: 

Chesterfield June Court, 1761. On the petition of Sarah Ward and 
Mary Stuart, two of the Coheiresses of John Stewart, deceased, 
who was surety for Judith Ligon, executrix of Joseph Ligon, 
deceased, and guardian to John Ligon, and who has since 
intermarried with James Ligon, complaining of mismanagement of the 
estate of the said Joseph and suggesting that they are in danger of suffer- 
ing as rq>resentatives of the said John Stuart whereupon It is ordered that 
the said James and Judith do give the petitioners such counter surety as 
will be sufficient to endemnify the estate of the said John Stuart else 
that they appear at next court to show cause why they may not do so. 
(ChesteHield Co. Order Book III, 1757-176 , p. 138.) 

No will or inventory of John Stewart appears in the Chesterfield 
records. 

July 1743 Sarah Ward presents account, debtor and creditor, of the 
estate of Benjamin Ward, deceased. (Henrico Records, Order Book 
1737-46, p. 225). September 1744, Sarah Ward, a plaintiff (Ibid., p. 283). 
March 1744/5, July I745» August 1745, Sarah Ward, appears as a plaintiff. 
(Henrico Court, Order Book 1737-46, pp. 301, 314. 324.) 



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274 WnxiAM AND Mary Quarterly 

Gmnty, for £50 currency, conveys to Richard Ward, of Goodi- 
land County, 200 acres on north side of Staunton River, bq^inning 
at Fuqua/s [Fuqua's] line, in Lunenburg County (Ibid., Deed 
BodcI,p. 386). 

Ii* 1753 when Prince Edward County was created from 
the upper part of Amelia County this land fell within Prince Ed- 
ward tfiough very near to the Amelia line. Joseph Ward, [the 
son and l^^atee] lived for a while in Chesterfield County but, by 
1763, had evidently renwved to Prince Edward. On January 11, 
1763, Joseph Ward, of Prince Edward, purchased from Henry 
Dawson, of same county (for £130 currence) 400 acres in Amelia 
and Prince Edward Counties on the south side of the Appomattox 
River, adjoining Osbom. (Prince Edward Records, Deed Book 
2, p. 158.) The deed from Cocke to Joseph* Ward, 1737, is the 
only deed to anyone signed Joseph* Ward, m Amelia records prior 
to 1800, and the deed from Dawson to Joseph" Ward in 1763 
is the only deed either to or from anyone named Joseph Ward in 
Prince Edward records prior to 1800. On August 27, 1772, 
Joseph Ward, of Prince Edward Cotmty conveyed to Jonas Rey- 
nolds, of Amelia County (for £2$ currency) 122 acres in Amelia 
County, adjoining Meadows, Henry Meadows and Jonas Jourdan 
(Amelia Records Deed Book H, p. 478). On the first land tax 
list for Prince Edward County,* 1784, there is the charge "Joseph 
Ward, 640 acres (value 1 5s. per acre ; total value £480) . The land 
tax lists for 1785 and 1786 are missing; but, in the list for 1787 

(Thos. Watkins, Dist. Q.) the following appears: 

"Joseph Ward 40 acres 15s. per acre 

Samuel Ward 300 acres 15s. per acre 
Robert B. Ward 300 acres 15s. per acref 

There is no record of transfer for this land either on the tax 
list or by way of deed in Prince Edward County ; but, as Joseph 
Ward is charged, 1784, with 640 acres and, in 1787, with 40 acres 



* The Land Tax Lists are on file in the Office of the Auditor of the 
State of Virginia, Richmond. 

t Notes from Personal Property lists. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 275 

and Samuel and Robert B. Ward (in 1787) with 300 acres each, 
totalling 600 acres, it is obvious that they derived their lands from 
Joseph Ward.* There is no record of either will, or administra- 
tion on the estate of Joseph Ward, in Prince Edward County. 
The will books have been examined page by page prior to 1800 
(the Prince Edward Records are apparently all preserved and 
begin in 1754) and by Index for later dates; the order books of 
the court from 1770 to 1790, page by page and no record of 
Joseph Ward's will or administration appears; the bundles of 
original wills prior to 1800 have also been examined without any 
success. The Order Books of Prince Edward County Court, 
however, give the following items relative to Joseph Ward. No- 
vember 1770 Joseph Ward and Martha,f his wife, ordered to pay 
Ashley Johnson 510 potmds tobacco for 6 days and traveling 20 
miles six times as witnesses for them. (Order Book C, p. 328). 
April 1772, William Ball vs. Joseph Ward; dismissed at plantiff's 
cost, Joseph Ward, Jr., a witness^ (Order Book D, pp. 114-115) ; 
December 1773, George Davison vs. Joseph Ward, in debt (Order 
Book D. p. 339) ; March 1774, Trents vs. Joseph Ward and others 



* The following is an abstract of the only deed of Joseph Ward's on 
record in Chesterfield County: 

March i, 1765. Joseph Ward, and Martha, his wife, of Prince Edward 
County, to Leonard Ward, of Chesterfield County, for £1000 currency; 
175 acres on James River, Chesterfield Co., beginning at a comer syca- 
more at upper landing on the river side a comer on Seth Ward, Gent, 
thence on his line to the back line called the head line of Shefiields then 
on that line to Capt Thomas Branch's line then on his line to his comer, 
then on said Seth Ward's line to the river, and up the river to the begin- 
ning. (Chesterfield Records, Deed Book 5, p. 272). The land hereby 
convesred was evidently the land devised by Joseph^ Ward, of Henrico, by 
his wife, dated Feb. 19, 1741, to his son Stewart Ward and by said Stewart's 
death, in his minority, went to his brother Joseph, the grantor herein. 

tThe maiden name of Martha, wife of Joseph Ward, has not been 
discovered and there is no circumstantial evidence thereof to guide in a 
search therefor. 

JOct 1773 Spiers ct als vs. Joseph Ward, Jr., in debt (Order Book 
D, p. 322) ; November 1784, Joseph Ward vs. David Ellington, Petition 
(Order Book E, p. 309). 



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276 William and Mary Quarterly 

(Order Book D, p. 389) ; February 1778, Hall, a negro boy be- 
longing to Joseph Ward, is guilty of hog stealing (Order Book D, 
p. 524) ; April 1779, William Ward and Richard Eggleston, exe- 
cutors of Leonard Ward, deed., vs. Joseph Ward (Order Book 
E, p. 24) ; September 1784, Benj. Hawkins, administrator of Jesse 
Owen, Plaintiff vs. Joseph Ward, Deft. The defendant [i. e., 
Joseph Ward] being returned no inhabitant of this county this 
suit abates (Order Order E, p. 285) ; July 1789, Joseph Clarkson 
ordered to pay Joseph Ward 660 pounds of tobacco for 4 days 
traveling and expenses, 55 miles, 4 times, as witness for him 
against John Gilchrist (Order Book G, p. 154). 

From the order of September 1784 (above quoted) we dis- 
cover that Joseph Ward was not at that date an inhabitant of 
Prince Edward County; in July 1789 (see order quoted above) 
he was paid for traveling 55 miles to attend court as a witness. 
The distance given [i. e., 55 miles] was of necessity outside Prince 
Edward County, as no point in the Prince Edward County line 
was 35 miles distant from the court house as at that day situated 
very near the centre of the cotmty.* 

The facts in the case as they stand are that Joseph Ward, of 
Henrico, purchased, in 1737, 254 acres of land in Amelia County 
(later Prince Edward County) on Sailor's Creek and Appomattox 
River, and this land he bequeathed to his son Joseph* Ward; 
that Joseph' Ward (the son) purchased, in 1763, 400 acres in 
Prince Edward and Amelia Cotmties on Appomattox River (evi- 
dently adjoining the tract inherited from his father) and that in 
1784 Joseph' Ward is charged with a tract of 640 acres in Prince 
Edward Cotmty land tax books Samuel Ward and Robert B. 
Ward were eadh in possession of 300 acres of this land in 1787. 
Joseph Ward continues to be charged on the Land Tax Lists of 



* It is impossible to say, however, in which of the surrounding counties 
Joseph Ward lived. In an effort to locate his will or administration on 
his estate the records of wiUs and administrations prior to 1800 in Amelia, 
Nottoway, Lunenburg, Charlotte, Brunswick, Cumberland, Medilenburg; 
Halifax, Bedford and Campbell have been examined but without yielding 
results. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 277 

Prince Edward County with 40 acres until the year 1800, when his 
name disappears. 

Robert B^ Ward (evidently the son of Joseph* Ward) is from 
1787 to 1794 charged in Prince Edward Land Tax Lists with 300 
acres; and from 1795 (though he died in 1793) the name of 
Robert B. Ward is charged with 280 acres until 1799; from 1799- 
181 1, Robert B. Ward's estate is charged with 280 acres; in 1812 
Robert B. Ward's estate is charged with 274 acres; in 1813, Wil- 
liam B. Ligon is charged with 270 acres from Josiah Ward. The 
Prince Edward Cotmty records quoted below show that Josiah 
Ward inherited this land from his father, Robert B. Ward, and 
sold it to William B. Liggon. 

The following is an abstract of the will of Robert B.^ Ward 
(Joseph,'' Joseph,* Seth,* Richard,* Seth^) : 

Robert B. Ward, of Prince Edward County, will dated July 19^ 1793 ; 
probated October 25, 1793. 20 acres on the run adjoining Stephen Lockett 
to be sold for debt to John Ligon; Samuel Ward to have 22 acres adjoin- 
ing G)wskin Branch for value received ; Lend to wife, Mary, i negro girl 
Betty during her widowhood and then to be divided between my 3 daugh- 
ters, viz: Lucy, Martha and PoUy; also Adam and Andrew to be divided 
between the same. Son Jonah (so given in record, original will gives 
Josiah) all land after the 42 acres above mentioned has been taken off. 
AH I posses not mentioned above to be divided between my four chil- 
dren, viz : Lucy, Jonah, Martha and Polly. Friends Capt Thomas Elmore, 
William Ward and Samuel Ward, executors. Witnesses : William Ligon, 
Samuel Poe. 

Mary, widow and relict of Robert B. Ward renounced pro- 
vision made for her by the will (Prince Edward Records, Will 
Book No. 2, p. 199). An inventory of the estate of Robert Ward 
(the appraisement amounting to £210:1 :o vras recorded February 
1794 (Ibid. Will Book 2, p. 220). 

The following items from Prince Edward Cotmty Order Books 
relative to Robert B. Ward's estate : 

1793. October. Will of Robert B. Ward presented by Wm Ligon and 
Samud Foe. Mary Ward, widow and relict, relinquished her claim (Ibid. 
Order Book I, p. 85); I793> October Court, Stephen Lockett, William 
Ellington, Christopher Walthall and Robert Goode to appraise estate of 



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278 William and Mary Quarterly 

Robert B. Ward, deed. {Ibid. Order Book I, p. 66). 1794. F^brvs^rr 
Court Ordered that A^lliam EUmgton, Stephen Lockett, Christopher 
Walthall do lay off dower of Mary Peane Ward, widow of Robert B. 
Ward, deed. (/^itf.Order BookI,p. 112). 1800 July Court, WiUiam Ward, 
executor of Robert B. Ward to return his account (Ibid., Order Bode K, 
p. 277). 

The following two deeds relate to Robert B. Ward's estate: 1794, 
May 21, William Ward, executor of Robt B. Ward, and Mary Ward, 
widow of Robt B. Ward, of Prince Edward Co., to Samuel Poe, of Prince 
Edward Co., £40 currence for 20 acres in Prince Edward Co^ adjoining, 
Appomattox River. (Deed Book 10^ p. 141) ; 1816, Sept $* PoUy P. Ward 
to William B. Ligon, ease of her dower land, except the dwelling house 
and i^ acres, during her natural life; $50 per year, after Dec 31, 1817. 
(Deed Book 16. p. 63.)* 

Josiah' Ward (son of Robert B.* Ward) lived in Prince Ed- 
ward and Cumberland Counties, Virginia, and later moved to In- 
diana. He married, in Virginia, Temperance Brown.f 

The following items (given in chronological order) relative to 
Josiah' Ward are from the deed books of Prince Edward, Cumber- 
land and Amelia Counties. 

181 1. February 4. Josiah Ward and Temperance, ux. of Prince 
Edward County, to William B. Liggon, of Amelia (Zbunty, $72, 6 acres in 
Prince Edward (bounty adjoining (Zowsldn Creek, Appomattox River, 
recorded 16 September, 181 1 (Prince Edward Deed Book 14, p. 536). 

181 1. December 22. Josiah Ward of Prince Edward County from 
Ischamer Woodson and (jeorge Hohnan of Cumberland County, for £175, 



* The maiden name of Mary Peaue, wife of Robert B. Ward has not 
been discovered. The compiler of this article is not inclined to think that 
"Peaue" was this lady's maiden name; but, rather that it was part of her 
baptismal name. 

t Josiah Ward married Temperance Brown in Virginia. It is stated 
by Mrs. Anna Brown Ward Wamock, of Princeton, Indiana, a grand- 
daughter of Josiah and Temperance (Brown) Ward, that the said Tem- 
perance was a "Widow Jones" at the time of her marriage to Josiah Ward. 
A careful search among the wills, deeds and marriage bonds of Prince 
Edward, Chesterfield, Charlotte and Cumberland (Zbundes has failed to 
discover the parentage of Temperance Brown. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 279 

122H acrtt in Cmnberland G>unty, adjoining George Holman Joseph 
Anglea, Page P. Finney, being 2 tracts made over in trust by Nicho. 
Dnrham [Dtinkum?] of Cumberland County to said Woodson to secure 
debt due William White, of Jamestown [now Appomattox Co.? etc] 
(Cumberland County; Deed Book 12, p. 41). 

1812. April 15, Josiah Ward and Temperance, ux., of Cumberland 
County, to William B. Ligon, of Amelia County, £548 for 270^ acres 
in Prince Edward County on Appomattox River, adjoining Cow-Skin 
Branch, Samuel Poe, William Rowton, said Ligon, and subject to dower 
of PoUy P. Ward, mother of said Josiah Ward which has been laid off 
for her. Recorded October 1812. (Prince Edward, Deed Book 14, p. 
696) . This deed mentions the family grave yard, 

1814. May 23, Josiah Ward and Temperance, ux., of Cumberland 
County, to Richard Lee, of Cumberland County £43 for 21^ acres in 
Cumberland County adjoining said Lee, (jeorge Holman, Robert Macon, 
Joseph Anglea (Cumberland County, Deed Book 12, p. 477). 

1815. August 12. Josiah Ward of Cumberland County from Frances 
Dtmkum, widow of Nicholas Dunkum, of Cumberland (bounty, ^ for 
122^ acres in Cumberland County adjoining George Holman, Joseph 
Anglea, Macon's estate, also 21^ acres adjoining (jeorge Holman, Anglea, 
Page P. Finney, and Macon's estate (Cumberland Cotmty, Deed Book 
13, p. 181). 

1819. January 26. Josiah Ward of Cumberland County to (jeorge 
Holman's trustees (Charles Womack and John Miller) $294.20 Deed of 
Trust, debt tract on which said Ward resides, being 94;^ acres in Cumber- 
land County, adjoining (jeorge Holman, (Cumberland County, Deed 
Book, IS, p. 123). 

1819^ June 25. Josiah Ward & wife Temperance, of Cumberland 
County, to (jeorge Holman, of Cumberland County, $960 for 96 acres 
in Cumberland County, adjoining said Holman, Joseph Anglea. (Cum- 
berland County, Deed Book, 15, p. 169.) 

1823, January 2. Josiah Ward, of Cumberland County to Stephen C. 
Farrar, of Prince Edward County, mortgage to secure debt due by bond 
to Patrick H. Noble & Company for $300. Executed 2 January 1823 and 
due March 1828. Mortages: I negro woman named Caty and her future 
increase, sorrel horse and mare, two feather beds and balance of house- 
hold & kitchen furniture, i patent breach shotgun, stock of cattle, sheep, 
hoges, and their future increase. (Amelia County, Deed Book 26, p. 
244.)* 



♦ JosiahT Ward (Robert B,^ Joseph,^ Joseph,^ Seth* Richard,^ Seth^) 
was bom in Virginia, and married there. Temperance Brown, and moved 



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28o William and Mary Quarterly 

Jo8q)h* (Seth^ Richard,^ Seth}) and Sarah Ward, of Henrico 
G)unty had seven children (see ante p. 272) besides the son 
Joseph* Ward whose record (in so far as it has been possible to 
definitely trace him and his descendants) has been given above. 



to Indiana. Their children were: i. i Josiah;^ ii Robert,* married 

; 2. iii Anne Jane;* 3. iv Mary;' 4 v Martha;' 5. vi George 

William;* vii Sarah« married Walter Miller; 6. viii Scth;« ix Rich- 
ard,* married , no children; x John,* died in infancy; xi Tem- 
perance,* never married. 

1. Josiah* Ward (JosicM') married , and had issue: i Leon- 
ard* Ward, married , and had issue: i Lily;^* ii. May;** iii 

Nathaniel;** iv. Millard.** 

2. Anne Jane* Ward (JosicM') married Solomon Voris, and had 
issue : i. Solomon ;* ii. Luncinda* married B. Boyd. 

3. Mary* Ward (Josiah'') married Gath Houts and had issue: 
I Samuel;* ii. Letitia;* iii. Seth.* 

4. Martha* Ward (Josiah'') married Ninion Young and had issue: 
i. Thomas ;• ii. Charles ;• iii. Ellen ;• iv. Solomon ;• v. Lucinda.* 

5. George William* Ward (Josiah'') married Margaret Ann Scho- 
field, and had issue: Mary Luanda,* married John Thomas; ii. William 
Henry,* married ; iii. Charles Leonard* 

6. Seth* Ward (Josiah"*) bom July 10, 1823; died February 12, 1912; 
married December 4, 1849; Mary Jane Howe (bom 1829; died June 2, 

1880). Their children were: i. Willis;* married ; ii. Josiah,* 

married ; iii. Belle,* married ; iv. Mary* married ; 

7. V. Anna Brown* (of whom hereafter) ; vL John Paxton,* M. D., bom 
Dec 5, i860; married Kate Dimick (and had issue: Lewis**) ; viL Union 
Samuel,* bom Oct 3, 1862; married Barbara Burgess (and had issue: 
Margaret Louise** and Edity Marie**); viii. Seth,* bom Sept 21, 1864; 
died — — •; married (Georgia Seaton (and had issue: Seth Seaton**) ; 
ix. Frank.* 

7. Anna Brown* Ward (Seth,^ Josiah"*), bom Oct 13, 1858; married 
December 2, 1880^ James Hamilton Wamock, bom March 27, 1856. Mrs. 
Wamock now lives in Princeton, Indiana. The children of James Hamil- 
ton and Anna Brown (Ward) Wamock are : i. (jertrude** Wamock, bom 
Oct 12, 1881, married Sept i, 1915, Edward Frank Humphrey, bom April 
22, 1878, and has issue : (a) Mary Anna Ward** Humphrey, bom June 29^ 
1916; (b) Christine Vera** Humphrey, bom Nov. 11, 1917; ii. Cliristine** 
Wamock, bom Feb. 12, 1889 ; married June 3, 1915, Hilary Herbert Holmes, 
bom Nov. 12, 1882, and has issue: (a) Anna (jertrude** Holmes, bom 
June 23, 1916; (b) Hiliary Herbert** Holmes, Jr. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 281 

These chUdren's names were Seth,' Sewart,' John,' Leonard,* 
William,' Ann' and Sarah.' While no attempt has been made to 
follow out the lines of these seven children a considerable amotmt 
of data relative to them has of necessity accmnulated in the course 
of such an extensive research. These data relative to the sons, 
viz. : Seth, John, Leonard and William, are given below as a basis 
for any further work on this branch of the Ward family. 

By referring to the will of Joseph* Ward, of Henrico, dated 
February 19, 1741 ; probated July 1743 (see ante p. 269) it will 
be seen that the said Joseph* Ward bequeathed lands on Statmton 
and Little Roanoke Rivers in Brunswick Cotmty as follows : son 
Seth, 500 acres ; son John, 500 acres ; son Leonard 500 acres ; son 
William, remainder of 730 acres on Little Roanoke, i. e., the re- 
mainder of a tract after certain sales had been made is the proba- 
ble meaning of this bequest. When Joseph Ward made his will 
in 1741 the lands bequeathed were in Brunswick Cotmty but in 
1746 (on division of Brunswick Cotmty) they fell within the 
county of Lunenburg, and in 1763, on division of Ltmenburg they 
fell within the cotmty of Charlotte. 

Stewart* Ward (son of Joseph* and Sarah) evidently died 
soon after his father, as in the division of the personalty of 
Joseph's* estate (see ante, p. 270-2) the name of Stewart' does not 
appear; and the "home place" of 175 acres in Henrico County, 
bequeathed by Joseph* Ward to his son Stewart* was in March 
1765 sold by Joseph* Ward of Prince Edward County (son of 
Joseph* and Sarah) to Leonard* Ward, of Chesterfield County 
(another son of Joseph* and Sarah), see ante, p. 275 for abstract 
of this deed. 

II. Seth' Ward {Joseph,^ SetW Richard,* Seth}) moved to 
Charlotte County. 

Seth Ward of Charlotte County, will dates March 28, 1794; probated 
July 7, 1794, bequeathes to wife Mary all slaves and personal estate with 
profits and increase to her and her heirs forever; lands to wife Mary, 
tract of land on which I now live on Staunton River, with the dwelling 
house, during her life, and after her death to my nephew Seth Ward, 
son of my brother Joseph Ward. Executors, friends George Carrington 
and Paul Carrington, Jr. (Charlotte Co. Will Book 2, p. 51.) 



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282 William and Mary Quarterly 

12. John* Ward {Joseph,'' Seth* Richard* Seth^). On 
August I, 1759, John Ward, of Chesterfield County, sold cattle 
to John Balcher, of the same county. (Chesterfield County, Deed 
Book 4, p. 8.) John' Ward moved to Charlotte County. 

John Ward of Charlotte County will dated December 25, 1787; pro- 
bated January 1796, bequeadied to Nancy Cayce the tract of land whereon 
I now live, 333 acres and a tract in Halifax County, 64 acres, to her 
and her heirs forever. To said Nancy Cayce slaves, viz.: Ceasar, Amey, 
Ned, Stepney, Poll, Pompy, Will, Tom, BiUy, Oliver, and Doll, also stodc 
of all kinds and household furniture to her and her heirs, also all debts 
due me, and all carpenters and plantation tools and everything I possess, 
both real and personal (except what is hereafter given away) to her and 
her heirs. To Phebe Cayce the slaves Hagar, Pegg, Nim and Sarah, to 
her and her heirs. It is my desire that the increase of the slaves above 
given to Nancy and Phebe Cayce, if any should be bom hereafter, should 
go them and their heirs. Executors, friends Joel Watkins, William Morton 
and Little Joe Morton. Executors named refused to act and at July Court 
1796 Micajah Cayce was granted administration. Inventory of John 
Ward's estate taken January 31, 1797, recorded February 6, 1797, apprabe- 
ment amounting to £946:12:6. (Charlotte Co. Will Book 2, pp. 82, 100.) 

John Ward, deceased, estate account, Micajah Cayce, administrator, 
August 2, 1803; recorded September 5, 1803. (Ibid. Will Book 2, p. 261.) 

13. Leonard' Ward (Joseph,^ Seth* Richard* Seth^) of 
Chesterfield County. On January 19, 1765, Leonard Ward, of 
Chesterfield County conveyed to Joseph Ward, of Prince Edward 
County, (for £700 currency) 500 acres in Charlotte (bounty on 
Statmton River, adjoining Richard Ward, the said river, "accord- 
ing to the orders of the antient Joseph Ward's will, which he 
bequeathed to his son Leonard Ward." (Qiarlotte Records, Deed 
Book I, p. 3.) On March i, 1765, Joseph Ward and Martha, his 
wife, of Prince Edward Coiuity, to Leonard Ward, of Qiester- 
field Coiuity, for iiooo currency, 175 acres on James River in 
Chesterfield (Zoiuity ; banning at a comer sycamore at the upper 
landing on the River side a comer on Seth Ward, CJent., thence 
on his line to the back line called the head line of Sheffields then 
on that line to (3apt. Thomas Branch's line then on his line to his 
comer then on the said Seth Ward's line to the river, and up the 



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William and Mary Quarterly 283 

River to the b^^inning. (Chesterfield Records, Deed Book 5, p. 
272.) ♦ 

Leonard' Ward married Anne, daughter of Richard Eggleston, 
of Cumberland County, their marriage bond bearing date Septem- 
ber 26, 1761 (see Quarterly, XX, p. 22). There was no issue. 

The will of Leonard Ward of Chesterfield County probated Novem- 
ber 1772, bequeathed to wife Anne Ward, 3 negroes and residue of my 
estate that came by her to be her own to be disposed of as she pleases, & 
as much of my other estate as shall make one half during her natural life ; 
likewise ^ my lands during her life ; to Sister Sarah Walker and her chil- 
dren the other half of my estate to be divided among them, & likewise the 
part that I have left my wife for life. To Sarah Walker's eldest son 321 
acres of land whereon I now live to him and the male heir of his body 
forever; but, for want of such heir said land to my brother Seth Ward 
and the male heir of his body forever, and for want of such to my 
brother John Ward, and the male heir of his body forever, and for want 
of such to my brother William Ward and the male heir of his body forever, 
and for want of such said land to my Sister Anne Ligon and and the 
male heir of her body, and for want of such to my brother Joseph Ward 
and the male heir of his body ; to be held by them or any of them in such 
sort as not to be sold, exchanged or swopt nor parted from in any manner 
whatsoever, but if it should happen that the person possess^ of the said land 
will dispose of the same contrary to the true intent and meaning of this 
will I give and grant to the heir at law £2000 current money to be paid by 
him immediately after a conveyance by the person offending against thb 
my will. Brothers Joseph, Seth, John and William Ward and Sister Ann 
Ligon, 5s each. Executors (without bond or security) friends Thomas 
Worsham, Benjamin Branch, John Archer, son of Col** Archer, William 
Walker, Richard Eggleston, & Richard Eggleston, Jr. Not dated (Chester- 
field (bounty. Will Book 3, p. 55). Probated November 1772 (Chesterfield 
Cotmtj, Order Book V, p. 180). 

14, William* Ward (Joseph,^ Seth* Richard,^ Seth^) moved 
to Charlotte Cbunty. 

William Ward, of Charlotte County, will dated November 12, 1796; 
probated September 2, 1799. All of my estate real & personal (except 2 



* The 175 acres thus conveyed were evidently the 175 acres bequeathed 
by Joseph* Ward of Henrico County in 1741 to his son Stewart^ Ward 
(see will of Joseph Ward, ante, p. 269) and by said Stewart's death in his 
infancy went by law to Joseph^ Ward, his eldest brother (see ante, p. 275). 



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284 William and Mary Quarterly 

negro men, Mingo and Stephney) I give to me beloved wife Anne Ward 
during her life, and at her deatii I desire that all the negros given to my 
wife of every age & description whatsoever may be fuUy free, and dis- 
charged from serving any other person of persons whatsoever. Stock 
of every kind, household and kitchen furniture, as well as all the rest of 
my personal estate to her and her heirs forever. At the death of my wife 
all lands may go to James Huntsman, son of Adam Huntsman. Two 
negroes Mingo and Stephney may be free after my death. Jenny Hunts- 
man to be educated 2 years at expense of my estate. Executors, wife 
Anne, John Spencer and Robert Bedford. (Charlotte Co. Win Book 2). 
Estate account of William Ward, deceased, with estate of Tarpsley 
Dickinson, November 19, 1800; recorded December i, i8oa (fhid. Book 
2, p. 189.) 

The Charlotte County records give the following Ward deeds : 

June 28, 1782. Benjamin Ward, of Amelia, to William Greenhill, of 
same, for affection and good will, 760 acres in Charlotte County on little 
Roanoke River, 10 slaves, cattle and hogs. (Charlotte Co. Deed Book 
SP. 4.) 

March 27, 1782. Benjamin Ward, of Amelia from Charles Irby, of 
Charlotte Co., for iiooo currency, 436 acres in Charlotte County, adjoining 
Perrin AUday, Matthais Floumoy and Paschall GreenhilL {Ibid. Deed 
Book S p. 9.) 

March 21, 1782. Benjamin Ward, of Amelia, to Chastain Cocke, of 
Amelia, for £1000 currency, 438 acres in Charlotte County, adjoining 
AUday, Floumoy, Greenhill and odiers. (Ibid. Deed Book 5, 16.) 

April 29, 1785. Benjamin Ward, \^lliam Greenhill, and Elizabeth 
his wife, all of Amelia, to Thomas Read, of Charlotte County, for £1^ 
currency, 742 acres in Charlotte County, adjoining Little Roanoke River, 
Ash Camp Creek, Jameson, Bouldin and Reads; being land conveyed by 
Thomas Jones, Leanna Jones, Godfrey Jones and Margaret Jones to Ben- 
jamin Ward as by deed in Lunenburg County, and is same land con- 
veyed by said Ward to said GreenhilL (Ibid. Deed Book $, p. 158.) 

March 10^ 1802. Benjamin Ward, and Sarah, his wife, of Nottoway 
County, to Thomas Edmunds, of Brunswick County, for £2232 currency, 
tract in Chark>tte County, on Ward's Ford Creek. (Ibid. Deed Book 9, 
p. 139.) 

July 2, 1781. Cadierine Ward, Spinster, of Charlotte County, from 
Riduurd Ward, of Charlotte (Catherine is sister of said Richard) for 
natural affection, 6 slaves (Ibid. Deed Book 4, p. 252). 

August 27, 1806. Elizabetii Ward, of Charlotte County, from her 
daughter Sally Ward, 2 slaves and 200 acres conveyed to said Sally by 
Elizabeth Jadcson. (Ibid. Deed Book II, p. 24.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 285 

April 10, 1817. Anderson Fanner, of Charlotte Comity, to Elizabeth 
Ward, of Charlotte County, $200^ conveying dower of Nancy Farmer, 
widow of Stephen Farmer, deceased, father of said Anderson, in 53 acres 
on Ward's Fork. (Ibid, Deed Book 14, p. 44.) 

March 7* 1S17, Sarah Hatton to Elizabeth Ward, "The will of Seth 
Ward, deceased, was that Mrs. Elizabeth, his mother, should have all his 
estate real and personal to dispose of at her death as she wished. Said 
Sarah Hatton, being convinced of the serious wish of my brother to give 
his estate to my mother, hereby relinquishes all right, etc. {Ibid. Deed 
Book 14, p. 97.) 

May 6. 1818. ElizabeA Ward, of Charlotte County, to Joseph Wyatt, 
of same; $212; all dower of Nancy Farmer, widow of Stephen Farmer, 
deceased, in Charlotte County, on Ward's Fork. (Ibid. Deed Book 14, 
p. 145.) 

May 3, 1785. Henry Ward, of Charlotte County, to Paschal Green- 
hill, of same for £2506 currency, 1253 acres in Charlotte County, on Ward's 
Fork, being the land said Henry received by the will of his father Henry 
Ward, Gent, deceased, at that time of Amelia County. (Ibid. Deed Book 
5, p. 127.) 

May 2, 1785. Henry Ward, of Charlotte County, to Paschall Green- 
hill, of same, slaves, stocks, crops. (Ibid. Deed Book 5, p. 131.) 

January 19, 176s Leonard Ward, of Chesterfield County, to Joseph 
Ward, of Prince Edward County, for £700 currency, 500 acres in Char- 
lotte County on Staunton River, adjoining Richard Ward, the said River, 
"according to the orders of the antient Joseph Ward's will, which he 
bequeathed to his son Leonard Ward." (Ibid. Deed Book i, p. 3.) 

April 20, 1789, Joseph Ward, to Christopher Irvin and Valentine 
Sublett, Sheriff bond. (Ibid. Deed Book 6, p. 63.) 

1796. Joseph Ward, of Charlotte County, to his daughter Michal 
Ward; slaves. (Ibid. Deed Book 7, p. 230.) 

January 8, 1798, Joseph Ward, Senior, of Charlotte Cotmty, to John 
Garden, of Charlotte County; Deed of Trust; debt of i8o currency, tract 
in Charlotte County on which said Joseph lately lived on road leading 
from Court House to Cole's Ferry, adjoining Capt Robert Harris and 
others. (Ibid. Deed Book 8, p. 114.) 

July 23, 1798. Joseph Ward from Richard Ward (see post, p. ). 

September la 1798. Joseph Ward, of Charlotte County to Samuel 
Booker, of same, for £100 currency, i negro. (Ibid. Deed Book 5, p. 168.) 

October 8, 1801. Joseph Ward, and wife Elizabeth and Joseph Ward, 
Junior, of Charlotte County, to George Woodfin, of Cumberland County, 
for £150 currency, 151 acres in Charlotte County, adjoining Vamums 
[ ?] comer, Woodfin, Harris, and Sans. (Ibid. Deed Book 9, p. 96.) 



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286 William and Mary Quarterly 

March 15, 1796. Mary Ward from Nancy Cayce. Whereas John 
Ward departed this life leaving Mary, his widow, unprovided for, and 
said Mary is entitled to dower in both real and personal estate; and said 
John Ward devised the whole of hb estate real and personal to said Nancy 
Cayce and said Mary Ward has made certain relinquishments to said 
Nancy, etc (Ibid, Deed Book 7, p. 197.) 

March 15, 1796. Mary Ward, widow of John Ward, to Nancy Cayce, 
for 7 negroes and 5 sheep, relinquishes all right and interest in real and 
personal estate of which my husband John Ward died possessed. (Ibid. 
Deed Book 7, p. 196.) 

March 15, 1796. Nancy Cayce to Mary Ward; in consideration said 
Mary Ward has relinquished dower, etc; said Cayce conveys for said 
Mary Ward (to James Smith, as trustee) 11 1 acres in Charlotte County, 
on north side of Staunton River, adjoining Joseph Ward, it being upper 
end of the tract that John Ward lived on during his life time; said 
Nancy Cayce having sold said Mary Ward, 7 negroes, if said Mary is ever 
molested in her possession thereof by any administrator of the estate of 
said John Ward, deceased, the aforesaid tract to be sold at public auction 
and money paid to said Mary Ward in full value for the said 7 negroes. 
(Ibid. Deed Book 7, p. 198) 

February i, 1773. John Ward, and wife Mary, of Charlotte County, to 
Joseph Fuqua, Senr., of Charlotte County, for £85 currency, 153 acres in 
Charlotte County, on branches of Staunton River, adjoining Walter Coles 
and Seth Ward. (Ibid. Deed Book 3. p. 186.) 

March i, 1819. John Ward, Stewart Ward, Leonard Ward and Sarah 
Hatton, of Charlotte County, to Elizabeth Ward, of Charlotte County, 
$100; "their rights in Seth Ward's land in the county of Charlotte.** 
(Ibid. Deed Book 15, p. 51O 

September 15, 1819. John Ward, Elizabeth Ward, Stewart Ward, 
Leonard Ward and Sarah Hatton, widow of Jesse Hatton, to Dement 
Read. "Whereas Joseph Ward, the elder, departed this life in the year 

intestate, being entitled and/ seized of a piece of land in Charlotte 

County on Staunton River, 477 acres, subject to dower rights of Eliza- 
beth Ward, widow of said Joseph Ward the elder; Joseph Ward, tfie 
younger, and Seth Ward, departed this life in full age, intestate leaving 
aforesaid parties their heirs, etc (Ibid. Deed Book 15, p. 186.) 

December 24, 1825, John Ward, Leonard Ward and Sally Hatton, of 
Charlotte County, to Clatbome Baricsdale of same, $605; all right, title, 
etc, in tract of land in Charlotte County on Staunton River, ''opposite to 
and [sic] island" called Cole's Island, 165 acres adjoining Dement Raed, 
said Barksdale; for more particular description reference is made to 
Samuel T. Moses plat and survey in papers in suit between William 
Brown and wife, plainti£Fs. (Ibid. Deed Book 17, p. 195.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 287 

December 4, 1798, Margaret Ward, widow of Seth Ward, Jr^ of Hali- 
fax County, to George D. Winston, of Bedford County, Whereas said 
Margaret on October 10 last did convey in writing with Patrick Henry 
acting in behalf of said George Winston for £1100:05: to be paid as per 
said writing, to sell in fee simple her, the said Margaret's reversion in 
the tract of land in Charlotte County, devised by will of Seth Ward, the 
elder, to Seth Ward, the younger, late husband of said Margaret, and by 
him devised to said Margaret; but, by will of said Seth Ward, the elder, 
the said land was devised to his widow Mary who intermarried with 
Micajah Cayce and who hath departed this life since the date of said 
covenant of the said Margaret for selling her reversion after die death 
of said Mary to whom the said land was devised only for life by said 
Seth Ward, the elder. This indenture witnesseth, etc, hath granted 
sold, etc, tract of land in Charlotte County, on Stanton River on which 
said Seth Ward, the elder, lived and died, 460 odd acres adjoining Boley, 
Ward and Coles by the ancient known and established bounds. . . . 
against all claim excepting such as may claim the same by reason of the 
death of her husband Seth Ward, the younger, happening to fall out before 
the death of Mary Cayce who claimed the land for her life. (Ibid. Deed 
Book 8, p. 148.) 

February 4, 1797. Michael Ward, of Charlotte County, to sister 
Sarah Ward, 5 shillings; 4 negroes, goods and chatties. (Ibid, Deed 
Book 8, p. 18.) 

1798. Richard Ward, of Charlotte County, to Joseph Ward, Sr., of 
Charlotte County, £160 currency, 162 acres in Charlotte County, tract left 
to said Richard by his father Richard Ward, deceased, adjoining Paschal 
Greenhill, William Gains, Daniel Williams, being tract Charles Lewis now 
lives on. (Ibid. Deed Book 8, p. 134.) 

July 2, 1781 Richard Ward, of Charlotte County, planter, to John 
and William Ward, of Charlotte Cotmty, planters; said Richard taking 
into consideration the natural weakness of hb understanding, his in- 
capacity to transact his own business and the imminent risque of being 
cheated, etc, recommended by his friend and the worshipful Court, etc, 
200 acres on Stanton River in Charlotte County, adjoining Samuel Fuqua, 
Joseph Ward, also i tract of 159^ acres, adjoining Sackville, Brewer and 
Paschal Greenhill, also slaves, Harry, Hill, George, Shadrack, Moll, 
Modesty, Sail, Lilla & Modesty's child, i sorrel mare; appoint trustees 
to manage for benefit of said Richard, etc Should he die without issue 
the whole of his estate to Catherine Ward, his only sister, in absolute 
fee ; trust then to cease. (Ibid. Deed Book 4, p. 253.) 

December 7, 1778, John Farmer, of Charlotte County, to William 
Ward, of Charlotte County, for £12 currency, 310 acres m Charlotte 
County, on west side of Little Roanoke River, being land conveyed by 
David Gwin to Robert Watters by deed April 5, 1765, and conveyed to 



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288 William and Mary Quarterly 

said Fanner by David Ross, as attorney for said Watters. (Ibid. Deed 
Book 4, p. io8.) 

October 4, 1779, William Ward and Ann, his wife, of Charlotte G>tmty, 
to Burwell Brown, of Dinwiddie County, for £400 currency, 481 acres in 
Charlotte County, north side north fork of Little Roan^e River, ad- 
joining Reeds, Thomas Bedford, John Hart {Ibid. Deed Book 4, p. 195.) 

March 4, 1795, A\^lliam Ward and Burwell Brown, of Charlotte 
County, to William Hart, of Charlotte County, for £165 currency, iio^ 
acres in Charlotte County on Little Roanoke River, near Ward's Fork, 
adjoining said River, Hart's line, Daniel's line. (Ibid. Deed Book 7, 
p. 207.) 

March 19, 1803. Elizabeth Jackson of Charlotte County, to Sarah 
Ward, of Charlotte County, 5 shillings ; 2/3 of tract on which I now live, 
adjoining Samuel Fuqua, Joseph Ward, Senior; also i yoke of oxen. 
(Ibid, Deed Book 9, p. 262.) 

February 23, 1814. Anderson Farmer to Stewart Ward, conveying 
I negro man, 2 horses, i sorrel mare, i bay mare, i feather bed and fur- 
niture; for payment of a bond due Lemuel Huntsman of the State of 
Tennessee. (Ibid. Deed Book 13, p. 52.) 

9. Richard* Ward (Richard,* Richard,* Seth^) moved to 
Cartaret County, North Carolina. The following are the only 
records that we have of him.* 

Oct 6, 1746. Richard Ward, of Cartaret County, North Carolina, 
planter, some times called Richard Ward, of Cartaret County, Senr.; 
Richard Ward, of same county and province, kinsmanf of the first named 
Richard Ward, to Thomas Branch, Gent, of Henrico County. Recital of 
Power of attorney of Sept 11, 1746, [sec below] £300 currency, 
conveying 276 acres known by the name of Sheffield, in Henrico County, 
being land and plantation devised said Richard Ward, Sr., by the will of 
his father, Richard Ward, deceased. Witnesses: Wm. Gay, Wm. Eppes. 
(Ibid. Vol. 1744-481 P* 220.) 

Sept. II, 1746. Richard Ward, of Cartaret County, North Carolina, 
planter, sometimes called Richard Ward, of Cartaret County, Senr., power 
of attorney to "trusty and loving kinsman, Richard Ward, now of Car- 
taret County and province of said," to sell 267 acres in Henrico County, 
Virginia, with all buildings, houses, improvements, &c., bequeathed to me 



* In a publication entitled Abstracts of North CaroUna Wills are 
given several Ward wills whose testators may have been connected with 
Richard Ward. 

fThis 'Icinsman" was in all probability Richard^ Ward, son of Capt 
Seth* Ward, of Henrico County. (See ante, p. 6.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 289 

by the will of my father, Richard Ward, deceased, and is called and 
loiown by the name of Sheffield, and also to sell any other lands which 
now or hereafter shall belong to me in Virginia ; to collect debts and make 
convey^ncts. Witnesses: John Nelson, Edward Simson, Thos. Gillikin. 
Henrico Records, Vol i744-48» p. ao8.) 

Henrico Court, October 1746, a letter of attorney from Rich- 
ard Ward, senr., of North Carolina to Richard Ward of same 
province proved by the oath of witnesses and ordered recorded. 
The said witnesses declare upon oath that thy have often seen 
the said Richard Ward, who signed the power attorney to Richard 
Ward, in company with John Ward and Blakeman Ward of this 
county [i. e., Henrico] and that the said John called and acknowl- 
edged the said Richard who signed the said power of attorney to 
be his brother, which is ordered to be recorded. (Henrico 
Records 1737-46, p. 416.) 

The following records relative to persons by the name of 
Ward, who in all probability descend from the Henrico family 
but whose identity it has been as yet impossible to establish, are 
given in the hope that other parties who are interested may be able 
to furnish data from private family records that will assist in 
identifying them. 

1772, April 6. George Vaughan, of Gilford County, North 
Carolina, to Richard Ward, of Amelia County, £75 currency, 112 
acres on north side Lazarita Creek, Nottoway Parish, Amelia 
County, adjoining Samuel Vaughan, John Beasley. (Amelia 
County Deed Book II, p. 409.) 

1774, December 28. Benjamin Vaughan and Samuel 
Vaughan, of Dinwiddie County, to Richard Ward, of Amelia 
County for £100 currency, H2 acres on north side of Lazaretta 
Creek, Amelia County, adjoining Nathaniel Robertson, Uriah 
Lipscomb, and said Ward. (Amelia County, Deed Book 14, p. 
325.) 

Will of Richard Ward of Nottoway Parish, Amelia County. 
To wife Ann Ward, during her life or widowhc>od, all of my estate 
to maintain and educate all of my children. To son Alberry 
Blackman Ward, H2 acres being the part I now live on; to son 
Leonard Ward, 112 acres being lower part of my lands; to 



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290 William and Mary Quarterly 

daughter Nancy Ward, n^;ro girl Rachel, one black walnut chest 
Residue of my estate to be equally divided by my executors here- 
after named to my son John Ward, William Beasley Ward and 
Robert Ward sCnd Patty Branch Ward, or as many of them as 
shall be alive at that time and that the above mentioned shall 
come in for no part of the last division. Executors: friends 
Littleberry Royall and Thomas Brown, and son Alberry Blackman 
Ward. Dated 3 January 1785. Witnesses : David Craddock, Ed- 
ward Craddock, John Hall. Probated 25, August 1785. (Amelia 
County Will Book 3, p. 383.) ♦ 

The will of John Ward [of Amelia] dated November i, 
1779, ^^^ Mary, whole estate, and in case of issue estate to go 
to said child. Executors, wife Mary and Richard Eggleston 
(Amelia County, Will Book 2, p. 351.) 

Will of William Wardf [of Amelia County] mentions wife 
Salley, son William and grandsons John B., William T.J and 
Edward W. Ward, sons of my son William Ward. Tilmon E. 
Jeter and Thomas W. Webster appointed their Trustees and they 
are named executors. Will dated 10, March 1812; probated 25 
June 1812. (Amelia County Will Book 8, p. 76.) 

Joseph Ward, noncupative will, October 27, 1806; probated 
December i, 1806. "A memorandum of Joseph Ward's intended 
will. First, an equal division to take place when his youngest son 
arrives to age, of all the land and n^;ros, and other property 
between his five sons Joseph, Seth, Stewart, John and Leonard 



*It has been impossible thus far to identify this Richard Ward; 
however, the names of his children would indicate a close connection widi 
Richard Ward, who died in Henrico in 1724, and who married first, 
Martha Branch, secondly, Elizabeth Blackman. See Quarterly, VoL 
XXVII, p. 194. 

t This William Ward may also have been a son of Joseph* Ward, of 
Prince Edward G)unty, whose record has been given. (See ante p. 273.) 

JThis was William Thomas Ward, of Green County, Kentucky, who 
was father of Col. John H. Ward, Louisville, Ky. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 291 

Ward; he also requests that his son Joseph should have 100 
pounds to be paid him out of his estate for extraordinary ser- 
vices and his daughter Sally Hatton to have 200 pounds to be 
raised out of his estate and to be paid her as his son Joseph may 
see cause. All just debts to be paid ; he also requests that Mrs. 
Jackson should be supported out of his estate as long as she lives. 
William B. Morton took down in writing the above. He [i. e., 
Joseph Ward] further requests that John T. S. Ward should 
be supported out of his estate during his life. He wishes his 
wife Betsy Ward to have her choice either to take a child's part 
or 1/3 part of his estate. If she chose to take a child's part it 
was to be at her disposal. Witnesses: Thomas Palmer, Nancy 
Turner. Oct. 6, 1807, Elizabeth Ward, widow of Joseph Ward, 
granted certificate of administration; sureties Joseph Ward, 
Seth Ward, Stewart Ward, James Huntsman, Gabriel Barnes. 
{Ibid. Will Book 3, p. 44). Appraisement of Joseph Ward's 
estate, recorded December 7, 1807, total £1397:15:2. {Ibid. 3, 
p. 74.) 

John Stewart Ward, of Charlotte County, will dated, Novem- 
ber 5, 1801; probated Sept. 7, 1812; to brother Joseph Ward 
three negros: Luke, Hagah and Dilsey, and their increase. 
Joseph Ward, Junior. Executor. Witnesses: Susannah Smith, 
Sarah Ward, Joseph Ward, and Seth Ward. {Ibid. Will Book 3, 
p. 3070 

Account of sales, Elizabeth Ward, December i, 1820; recorded 
August 7, 1821 ; Elizabeth Ward [estate?] account, with Sheriflf ; 
September 3, 1822; recorded December 2, 1822. {Ibid. Will 
Book 5, p. 94, 145.) 

1792, October 15. John Ward, of Lunenburg County from 
Samuel Burton, of Prince Edward County, £30 currency, i negro 



*It is not improbable that this Joseph Ward was another son of 
Joseph* Ward, of Prince Edward County (see ante p. 273) otherwise he 
cannot now be placed by the light of such data as have been brought out 
by the research. By reference to p. 275 ante, footnote, it will be seen that 
in Prince Edward Co. in October 1773, Joseph Ward, Junior, was de- 
fendant in a suit for debt 



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292 William and Mary Quarterly 

girl Fan with her increase. (Prince Edward County » Deed Book 
9, p. 204.) 

Will of John Ward, Senior [of Lunenburg County] to son 
William Ward whole of the land whereon I now live with a 
reserve that my daughter Betsy Ward have her life in said 
land connected with him so long as she lives single or dies, after 
which said land to go to my said son William; to son William 
Piney and her child Emaline and n^;ro boy Jack, bed & furniture, 
cow & calf; to Daughter Betsy, [n^;ros] Lucy & Patt, bed & 
furniture, &c ; to son Sadock Ward, if aUve at my death, negro 
girl Dosha, bed & furniture, &c.; to son Abner Ward, n^^o 
Lovey, bed & furniture, &c., son Robert Ward, negro P^cgy ; to 
son John Ward, n^;ro Martha, bed & furniture, &c., to son 
Leonard Ward, n^;ro Ben. Residue of estate to be sold, my 
debts paid & balance equally divided among all my children. 
Executor, son William Ward. Dated 9 October, 1826; probated 
12 February, 1827. (Lunenburg County, Will Book 9, p. no.) 

Seth Ward, of Charlotte County, will dated January 17, 1797; 
probated June 5, 1797; to wife Peggy Ward all my estate real 
and personal to dispose of as she thinks proper, except that part 
hereafter excepted. If wife should be pregnant she is to enjoy 
my estate until my child should marry, and in either case the one 
half of my estate both real and personal to return to my child and 
my wife to enjoy the other half during her life and at her death 
to my child and its heirs. In case my child should die before it 
comes of age or marry, then the whole of my estate to remain 
in the power of my wife to dispose of as she thinks fit Execu- 
tors, my wife, Robert Cobbs and Samuel Ward. (Charlotte 
County, Will Book 2, p. 116.) 

Seth Ward, Junior, deceased an inventory of his estate taken 
August 17, 1797, recorded Oct. 2, 1797, P^cgy Ward, executrix, 
(Charlotte Co. Will Book 2, p. 123.) 

December 13, 1792. Seth Ward, of Chesterfield County to 
Branch Tanner, Jr., for £885 :i8s currency, 392 acres, 24J4 poles 
in Chesterfield County, adjoining Branch Tanner, Jr., on King- 
land Creek, the estate of Leonard Ward and Seth Ward. (Ches- 
terfield County, Deed Book 12, p. 404.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 293 

1794. Seth Ward of Chesterfield County, to Womack 
Puckett, of same, for £7:108. i lot in town of Gatesville, No. 86. 
(Chesterfield County, Deed Book 13, p. 5.) 

November i, 1797. Seth Ward, and Martha, his wife, of 
Chesterfield County, to Richard Gregory, of Dinwiddie County, 
for £5000 currency, 1000 acres in Chesterfield County, known as 
Sheffields, whereon said Ward now lives, and adjoining James 
River, and lands of James Wardrope, Christopher Branch, 
Obadiah Hatcher, James Ferguson, Leonard Walker, estate of 
Branch Tanner, being all lands said Ward hath any right to or 
interest in in the county of Chesterfield. {Ibid. Deed Book 14, 
p. 233.) 



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294 William and Mary Quarterly 

HIGGINBOTHAM FAMILY OF VIRGINIA 

Addenda and G)rrigenda 

By William Montgomery Sweeney, Astoria, Long Island, N. Y. 

Vol. XXVI., No. 3, page 207, note 8, omitted refers to "Ap- 
pendix to the 26th Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the 
Public Records & Keeper of the State Records in Dublin, 1895, 
page 415-" 

Ibid, page 211, Will of Mecha Higginbotham is recorded m 
Will Book B, page 89. 

Vol. XXVI., No. 4, page 266, date of will of Aaron Higgin- 
botham, Sr., is 1778, not 1772. 

Ibid., page 268 deed from Aaron Higginbotham, Sr., to Aaron 
Higginbotham, Jr., is dated May i, 1777 (not 1717), and conveys 
jpo acres of land (not 300). 

Ibid,, page 265, following is record from the family Bible of 
Absalom Higginbotham, son of Aaron, Jr., and Nancy (Croxton) 
Higginbotham, in the possession of Mrs. S. B. Higginbotham, 
Buena Vista, Rockbridge County, Virginia: — 

Absalom Higginbotham [Sr.,] was bom the 2nd day of May, 
1 781. 

Mary C. [Sandidge, his wife, daughter of Benjamin Sandidge, 
of Amherst County,] was bom the 26th of August, 1789. 

[Their children:] 

Betty Ann Higginbotham was bom the 5th day of Octo- 
ber, 1807. 

Nancy Croxton Higginbotham was bom the 4th day of 
December, 1809. 

James Higginbotham was bom the 5th day of February, 
1812. 

Rufus A. Higginbotham was bom the 5th day t)f March, 
1814. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 295 

Benjamin G. Higginbotham was born the 21st of August, 

1818. 
Absalom Higginbotham, Jr., was born the 3rd of July, 1 821. 
Thomas Higginbotham was born the ist of March, 1824. 
Aaron Higginbotham was bom the 31st of December, 1826. 
Paul Higginbotham was bom the ist November, 1831. 

^Elizabeth Higginbotham was born the nth of July, 1778. 

*Sallie Higginbotham was bom the 25th of September, 1783. 

*Nancy Higginbotham was bom the 12th of Jime, 1786. 

'Aaron Higginbotham was bom the 23rd of Febmary, 1789. 

'Clara G[reen?] Higginbotham was born the ist of Decem- 
ber, 1791. 

'Johannah Higginbotham was born the 26th of June, 1794. 

Alexander B[rown] Higginbotham was bom the 23rd of 
June, 1 81 8. 

John J. Higginbotham was bom the i6th of January, 1820. 

Nancy Higginbotham was born the 7th of October, 1821. 

Anderson Sandidge was bom the 9th of August, 1793. 

Arthur White was bom August ist, 1824. 

**WilHam, the son of Ann, was bom the 2nd day of August, 
1855. 

**John, the son of Ann and Jack, was bom the 3rd of July, 
1856. 

Marriages 

Absalom Higginbotham, Sr., and Mary C. Sandidge were mar- 
ried the 6th day of November, 1806. 

Absalom Higginbotham, Jr., and Elizabeth Tucker, his wife, were 
married the 14th day of December, 1843. 

James Higginbotham and Ann Eliza London were married the 
17th day of December, 1835. 

Aaron Higginbotham and Elizabeth Sandidge [daughter of Ben- 
jamin Sandidge, of Amherst County,] his wife, were mar- 
ried the 22nd of May, 181 7. 



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296 William and Mary Quarterly 

Deaths 

Betty Ann HiU departed this life the 26th day of May, in the 

year of our Lord, 1831 ; she being the oldest daughter of 

Absalom and Mary Higginbotham. 
Thomas Higginbotham departed this life the ist day of November, 

1841, aged 17 years and 8 months. 
Anderson Sandidge departed this life the 12th day of May. 

1859. He was bom the 9th of August, 1793. 
Paul Higginbotham died August 26, 1864. 
Nancy C. Royster died October 5th, 1865. 
Sarah A. Higginbotham, wife of A. L. Higginbotham, died June 

5, i860. 
Absalom Higginbotham, Sr., was bom May 2, 1781, and died the 

7th of July, i866. 
John W. Myers departed this life the 23rd of September, 1869. 
Mary C. Higginbotham departed this life the 28th of Mary, 1871. 
James Higginbotham departed this life September nth, 1874. 
Rufus A. Higginbotham departed this life December 28, 1878. 
Elizabeth Higginbotham departed this life September 23, 1874. 
William Tucker died August 23, 1884. 

'Brothers and sisters of Absalom Higginbotham, Sr. 
*These were probably slaves. 

Vol. XX Vn., No. I, page 45. "Consideration 5 shillings," refers 
to deed dated April 20, 1751, not to that of October 3, 
1768. 

Ibid,, page 46. By an error of transcription the M. L. B. dated 
December 18, 1801, makes the contracting parties "George 
McDaniel and Frances Morrison/' whereas it should be 
"George McDaniel and Frances Higginbotham," (daugh- 
ter of Joseph, son of Moses Higginbotham, Sr.) 



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William and Mary Quarterly 297 

Vol. XXVII., No. 2, page 129, Eve Morrison married William 
Lackay, whose will was probated in Amherst County, July 
6, 1772. (Will Book I, page 211.) 

Vol. XXVII, No. 2, page 125. Mary Higgonbotham, (daugh- 
ter of Captain John and Rachel Banks Higginbotham,) 
bom November i, 1777, married, in 1793, Isaac Rucker, 
(son of Ambrose Rucker, of Amherst County,) M. L. B. 
January 28, 1793. 

The following Higginbothams were appointed militia officers 
for Amherst County : 
James Higginbotham, Esq., Major, June 5, 1769. (Order Book, 

p. 498.) 
Aaron Higginbotham, Captain, August 7, 1769. (Order Book, 

p. 519.) 
John Higginbotham, Captain, July 3, 1769, (Order Book, p. 

563) 

Samuel Higginbotham, Lieutenant, Aug. 7, 1769, (Order Book, 

p. 519- 
Aaron Higginbotham, Jr., Ensign, July 3, 1786. (Order Book, 

p. 517- 
Samuel Higginbotham, Major, October 2, 1785. (Order Book, 

p. 67.) 
Samuel Higginbotham, Colonel, Sept. 3, 1787. (Order Book, 

p. 117.) 

Extracts from Order Books of Albemarle County years 1744-48. 

March 28, 1745. 

William Morrison appointed Surveyor of the highway from 
the upper end of McCord's road to Thomas Morrison's ; and the 
Male Titheables that formerly belonged to the said Road, are 
ordered to assist the said Morrison in clearing the same. 

page 9 



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298 William and Mary Quarterly 

Sept. 26, 1745. 
Ordered that Moses Higginbotham be overseer of a road from 
the said Higginbotham's Mill to Mr. Harvey's and that the male 
titheables between Buffaloe and the Secretary's Mountains do 
Qear the same that the said Gang do join John Graves's to the 
mouth of Tye River. 

page 65. 

June 13, 1746. 
Moses Higginbotham (sic) and Joseph Hicking Bottom (sic) 
members of a jury summoned to try the case of John Dierce 
vs John Martin. 

page 135- 

Aug. 15, 1746. 
Joseph Hickenbottom (sic) allowed 125 Lbs. of tobacco for 
5 days attendance at Court as a witness for John Smith against 
Richard Fletcher Gregory. 

page 157. 

Nov. 13, 1746. 
On the motion of William Morrison leave is given him to keep 
an Ordinary on his giving Bond and who together with John 
Hunter his Security Enter into and acknowledge Bond Accord- 
ingly. 

page 201. 

Nov. 12, 1747. 
William Morrison's Ordinary license renewed. 

page page 314. 

June 9, 1748. 
List of Surveys made by Joshua Fry, Surveyor: — 

For Joseph Higginbotham (sic) 150 acres. 

For Moses Higginbotham (sic) 200 acres. 

page 364, 

G)urt held Nov. 14, 1746. 
To Joseph Hickingbottom (sic) (per Wm. Cabell) for i wolf's 

head, 140 pounds of tobacco. 
To Aaron Hickingbottom (sic) (per Charles Lynch) for i wolf's 
head, 140 pounds of tobacco. 

page 10. 



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William and Mary Quarterly 299 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL NOTES 

Mitchell. — ^James Mitchell resided at Yorktown before the 
Revolution, and his will was proved there March 16, 1772. Ac- 
cording to this paper, his wife was Janet Rule, daughter of Alex- 
ander Rule, of Lilinthgow, Scotland. Her will was proved at 
Yorktown, August 19, 1782, and names five sons: James, Jar- 
man, William, Stephen and John Mitchell, and granddaughter 
Janet R. Cosby. There is a marriage bond dated April 8, 1773, 
of Stephen Mitchell to Margaret, daughter of Alexander Mait- 
land, a merchant. Their great-granddaughter, Augusta Maitland 
Libby (Mrs. George F. Libby), of Roland Park, Maryland, is 
authority for the following: Margaret (Maitland) Mitchell died 
in Baltimore in 1828, aged 70. She had by her husband Stephen 
Mitchell ten children, one of whom Eliza Chamberlain Mitchell, 
married Robert Edwards Carter, of Boston and Baltimore. They 
had Alexander Maitland Carter, of Baltimore, father of Mrs. 
Augusta Maitland Libby. A sister of Janet (Rule) Mitchell, of 
Lilinthgow, married Jeflfrey, grandfather of Francis Jef- 
frey, of the Edinburgh Review. 

In the letter book of Francis Jerdone, a merchant of York- 
town, there are some references to James Mitchell. Under date 
of August 21, 1753, he writes to Capt. Hugh Crawford: **Your 
friend James Mitchell met with an unlucky accident last week 
coming out of town from Williamsburg, his horse ran his chair 
up against a bank & overset it, by which one of his legs was 
broken in the fall, however he is now in a fair way of recovery." 

David Maitland was a merchant of Petersburg and married 
Susanna Po)rthress, daughter of Joshua and Mary Poythress, of 
Flower de Hundred, Prince George Co. Her tombstone is at 
Blandford Church, Petersburg, according to which she died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1799, aged 33 years ; on the same tomb is an inscription 
to their daughter, Mary Currie Maitland, who died January 27, 
1795, aged 4 years. The raster of Bristol parish shows that 
there was another child, at least, David Currie Maitland, bom 
November 2, 1796, and died October, 1797. In the same raster 
it is stated that William Maitland and Elizabeth, his wife, had a 



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300 William and Mary Quahterly 

son Alexander Campbell Maitland, who was bom August 2, 1795, 
and died October 25, 1796. What relation Alexander Maitland 
was to David Maitland or William Maitland, of Petersburg, does 
not appear. 

Slavery in New England. — Mrs. Agnes Edwards, a native 
of Massachusetts, in her interesting books, ''Cape Cod — New and 
Old," writes in chapter IV. as follows: "Another portrait, too 
frequently neglected by the historians, must hang in this line: 
a dark face, laughing and yet sorrowful — the face of the n^;ro. 
The people of Massachusetts have liked to believe that slavery 
had a very light and very brief hold upon this soil. Records, 
however, testify all too distinctly that our Puritan fathers, doubt- 
less considering themselves the elect to whom God had given the 
heathen for an inheritance, not only enslaved captured Indians, 
but sold them to work in the tropics, where they died almost im- 
mediately; that they obtained n^;roes by importation, purchase, 
and exchange; that they condemned criminals into slavery as 
punishment ; and that they even enslaved the Quakers at one time. 
Neither was this a private speculation, but an enterprise of the 
authorities of the colony, and existed for over a century and a 
half without serious challenge. Cotton Mather illustrates the 
temper of the times toward the Indians in his "Magnalia," in 
which he explains: *We know not when or how these Indians 
first became inhabitants of this mighty continent, yet we may 
guess that probably the Devil decoyed these miserable savages 
hither, in hope that the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ would 
never come to destroy or disturb his absolute Empire over them.* 

"In the will of John Bacon, of Barnstable, made in 1730, we 
get another inimitable specimen of the inconsistency then cur- 
rent. This John Bacon gives to his wife the 'use and improve- 
ment' of the slave Dinah for her lifetime, and if *at the death 
of my said wife, Dinah be still living, I direct my executors to 
sell her, and to use and improve the money for which she is sold 
in the purchase of Bibles, and distribute them equally among my 
said wife's and my grandchildren.' 

"About 1780 slavery became unprofitable and therefore un- 
popular in this climate, but it was not until President Lincoln's 
Proclamation that it was entirely abolished — a fact which it 



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William and Mary Quarterly 301 

wotUd be salutary for many a too emphatic New England aboli- 
tionist to remember." 

Chiswell, Col. John. — ^He was a prominent man in the 
Colony. In a quarrel with Robert Routledge, a Presbyterian mer- 
chant of Petersburg, he killed his opponent. This occurred June 
3, 1766. Chiswell was 40 years of age. (Virginia Gazette.) He 
was arrested and committed suicide at his house in Williamsburg, 
which is still standing. 

Hot Waters. — ^This place in James City Co. is distant about 
seven miles from Williamsburg. During the Revolution it was 
the scene of a battle. It was originally the property of Sir Wil- 
liam Berkeley, who gave it by will to his widow. Lady Frances. 
In 1686 Philip Ludwell, Esq., and his wife "Dame Frances Lud- 
well" (formerly Lady Berkeley) made a deed of the place (150 
acres) to James Gary and Martha his wife. The deed attested 
by Rowland Davis is among the Ludwell MSS. in the Virginia 
Historical Society. This deed shows that Lady Berkeley did not 
always use the name of her first husand as sometimes said. The 
inscription upon her tombstone, a fragment of which remains at 
Jamestown, calls her "Lady Frances Berkeley." 

Kerr^ Alexander. — ^A lottery of diamonds advertised at his 
jewelry store. He had a good brick house near the capitol. {Vir- 
ginia Gazette, 1737.) 

Mr. Tyler of London. — Capt. Edmund Cheesman complains 
of an order granted to Lt. Col. John Smith, attorney of Mr. Tyler 
of London, for tobacco due for rents of land in Gloucester Co., 
belonging to said Tyler by the curtesy of England. (General 
Court Records, 1673). 

Bricks. — Ship Braxton of London, Thomas Reynolds, master, 
from New England with 80,000 brick, 10 barrels of train oil, 
some wooden ware and 400 weight of hops. Entered in York 
District. {Virginia Gazette, 1737.) 



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302 William and Mary Quarterly 



Recent Accessions to the State Library. — 

(a) Flat filing to the extent of 50,000 pieces, approximately, as 

follows : 

I. Letters to the Auditor (1787-1860) 28,207 

II. Licenses (1807-1863) to Merchants, Ordinaries, 

Pedlars, Doctors, Lawyers, etc 12^56 

iii. Pensions (Revolutionary), Applications and Orders 

for 4,533 

IV. President and Vice-President, Returns for (1800- 
1852, except that N-Y, 1848 and A-L, 1852, are 

missing 1,711 

V. Executive Papers of various administrations, com- 
pleted and in process by "archical apprentices". . 2,635 

(b) The indexing of the Confederate Records has reached forty- 

two thousand cards, — that being an increase of fifteen 
thousand since our last report. 

(c) Henrico County Circuit Court, under date of Jan. 13, 1919, 

and under authority of the Act of Assembly of 1918, 
transferred to the Department all of their records prior 
to 1 781. There were nineteen volumes and eighteen 
bundles of papers (wills, deeds, etc.). Amongst these 
is a splendid index to the five volumes of "Colonial 
Records," 1677-1739. Under an Act of 1890, these five 
volumes were copied on a good quality of bond paper, 
while this index is, of course, on similar material; the 
result is that we use only the index and the modem 
copies, except in case of serious uncertainty. Several 
of the originals are in. deplorable condition, as you may 
imagine. 

(d) The class of "archival apprentices" this session consists of 

twenty as compared with twelve last session and two the 
session before. Each one works two hours a week in 
the Department as an "historical laboratory." Most of 
them are working upon various administrations (the 



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William and Mary Quarterly 303 

Executive Papers), from which they are digging out a 
comfortable number of l^slative petitions, which are 
being inserted in their proper places in that file. Seven 
are working with a view to histories of counties of the 
state, concerning which there is not a single separate 
tide in the Library, — there being fifteen of these 
counties, while one is working on the Rumsey steamboat 
papers, which were transferred here from the Augusta 
Court, which the case of McMeekin v. Rumsey was 
brought in 1800. 

(e) On the 2nd, instant, I started on the subject-index to the 
file of Legislative Petitions. 

Morgan P. Robinson, 
State Archivist. 



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304 William and Mary Quarterly 



BOOK REVIEWS 

A Heritage of Freedom, or the Political Ideals of the English Speaking 
Peoples. By Matthew Page Andrews, New York. George H. 
Doran Company, 1918. 

This is a delightful book of 103 pages, having a full index. Its 
•bject is the highly creditable one of bring^ing about a better feeling be- 
tween this country and Great Britain. For this purpose Dr. Andrews 
attempts a review of the relations of the two countries from tiie founding 
of democracy in America by the establishment of the G)lony at James- 
town, in 1607, to the military union of the two countries in the war lately 
ended. This review is done in eight short chapters full of suggestive facts, 
entitled '^Founding of Democracy in America," ''Beginning of Anglo- 
American Democracy," "The Progress of Democracy in Britain and in 
G)lonial America," "Autocracy Severs tiic Bonds of Political Union," 
"Origin of Political Misunderstanding in Historical Misconceptions," 
"The Dawn of Anglo-American Peace," "Anglo-American Democracy 
Confronts the Forces of Pan-European Autocracy," "A Century of Anglo- 
American Disagreement Settled by Dbcussion and Arbitration." The 
point in all this discussion is that fimdamentally the ideals of the two 
peoples are the same and that our historical writers have done wrong in 
emphasizing the governmental differences rather than the governmental 
agreements and popular identities. This is certainly so, and the effort to 
bring to prominence the facts which have been so long suppressed is really 
most praiseworthy. It is a remarkable grasp of historic detail which Dr. 
Andrews displays in presenting this wholesome and interesting review. 

So much for the splendid aims and achievements of the work, and now 
for the detaib. In his eagerness to right a great wrong Dr. Andrews does 
not, in my opinion, always state the questions between the two countries 
correctly, and it is not a fact, I fear, that the people of either of the two 
countries have stood true to tiieir ideals. In the quarrels arising between 
them it has not always been a government affair, and when it has been, the 
government has somehow and some way been put in power, and kept 
in power by the people. Our writer has no sympathy with James 
I., and yet that gentleman, in spite of his claims of divine right, 
was king by English consent, and he deserves the credit, at least, 
of having approved both the original idea of colonization and the 
liberal charters of 1609 and 1612. So also it is rather farfetched to talk 
about democracy being always in advance in America. Colonial New 
England was generally distinctly behind old England in popular purposes. 
The rights that Massachusetts stood for during the first century of its 
existence were the rights of a small oligarchy to persecute the large 
majority of the inhabitants whom they taxed and excluded from the 
ballot 



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William and Mary Quarterly 305 

In regard to the American Revolution, Dr. Andrews properly em- 
phasizes the perverse measures of King George's government, but does 
he not give too much credit to the people of England at that time for 
sympathy with the colonists? This sympathy was rather on account of 
the interests of trade tiian appreciation of the democratic issues involved. 
Later on, in his account, our author seems too bent on minimizing the 
provocations which led to the War of 1812. Our quarrel with England 
was not alone, because of her impressing our seamen, but of her inter- 
ference with our neutral rights respecting commerce to which she did 
ten times more damage than France, whose decrees, however vicious and 
menacing, were productive of no great positive injury, by reason of her 
inability to compete with England at sea. 

As to tiie issues in the Texas, California and Oregon questions, they 
involved a contest between the two powers for the domination of this 
continent, and the best that can be said for England b that she was 
seeking to protect the great interests of her people here against the im- 
perialistic purposes of a rival 

When we come to the War Between the States, Dr. Andrews is very 
happy in palliating the causes, of irritation against England. There was, 
in fact, no reasonable ground for this irritation. He puts the inde- 
fensible attitude of this country very mildly for, as a matter of truth, 
in suppressing the so-called rebellion Lincoln assumed autocratic powers, 
and the foreign policy of the United States was conducted by him and 
Seward in a manner as arrogant and o£Fensive as possible. Although by 
their own actions they acknowledged the war as one of the greatest on 
record, they insisted, like persons almost bereft, in demanding that for- 
eign nations should regard the affair as a mere riotous disturbance. It is 
difficult to excuse even Dr. Andrews for giving Lincoln the credit for 
enlightening the world in the Trent affair. He kept absolute silence for 
weeks, and did nothing to prevent the hjrstencal actions of Welles, his 
Secretary of the Navy, G)ngress and the public in general, and he would 
not have spoken at all had it not been for the menace of the armed power 
of Great Britain; and when the admission of wrong was made and an 
apology given through Seward, as Secretary of State, it was done in as 
paltry and truculent a manner as possible. A government that confessed 
tiirough its President that it had no chance of successfully destroying the 
self-determination of the South without the aid of the negro troops of 
the South was in no position to challenge the mighty power of "the mis- 
tress of the seas." Plainly speaking, Lincoln saw the light not in the 
illumination of his own sense of justice, but in the glitter of British 
bayonets. 

In his fine chapter on Anglo-American agreements Dr. Andrews 
fails to mention two beautiful incidents of reciprocal sympathies — the 
case of Giptain Josiah Tatnall, who came to the aid of British subjects 
in China, with the ringing declaration that "blood b thidcer than water," 



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3o6 William and Mary Quarterly 

and the case of Sir Lambton Lorraine, G>inmander of tiie British warship 
Niohe, who interfered and saved the lives of the survivors of die ill- 
fated Virginius, when they were about to be shot to death at Santiago, 
Cuba — for which noble action he received the freedom of the city of 
New Yorlc, and a present from admirers in the West of a silver bride 
weighing fourteen pounds, intended to express the western eulogistic 
idiom "you are a bride" 

But these are only friendly criticisms, which must not be taken too 
seriously. Dr. Andrews' book is worthy of extensive drculation. 

The Royal Government «i Virginia. By Percy Scott Flippin, Ph. D, 
Associate Professor of History (P. V. Rogers Foundation) in 
Hamilton College. New York, Columbia University, Longmans, 
Green & Co., Agents ; London : P. S. King & Sons, Ltd., 1919. 

This constitutes Number i of Volume LXXXIV. (Whole Number 
194) of ''Studies in History, Economics and Public Law," edited by the 
Faculty of Political Sdence of Columbia University, and is a pamphlet 
in octavo of 393 pages. The title although not critically suggestive of the 
contents is suffidently so to justify its use. In eight chapters entitled, 
-English Background." 'The Governor," "The Coundl." "The House of 
Burgesses," "The Land System and its OflSdal," "The Finandal System 
and Adminbtration," 'The Judidal System and Administration" and 
'The System of Defense," we are given a very interesting account 
of the oflkial organization of Virginia, as relates both to England 
and to the colony. In truth, much of the ground of the work 
has never been traversed before, and Dr. Flippin has shown much industry 
in consulting all the authorities available in print or manuscript in this 
country. 

Dr. Flippin's work has the merit of originality and di£Fers from all 
others relating to Virginia government in two respects: First, in com- 
pass of time he covers a much longer period (1624-1776) than any other 
writer. Dr. Bruce, a recognized authority in economic and social studies, 
has confined himself exdusively to the seventeenth century. Secondly, 
a wealth of information from the British point of view is rendered for 
the first time accessible to those interested in the subject 

In what may be considered his preliminary chapter "English Back- 
ground," the relations of the Colony to the English offidals — the King, 
Privy Council, the Board of Trade and Plantations, the Lords of the 
Treasury, the Commissioner of Customs, the Recdver General of Cus- 
toms, the Comptroller General of the Accounts of the Customs, die Audi- 
tor General of the Revenues, the Attorney General, Solidtor General, 
and the Lords of the Admiralty, is briefly but critically considered. Of 
course, Virginia was only one of the provinces of the realm, and the 
same governmental machinery operated upon other colonies as well 



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William and Mary Quarterly 307 

In his second chapter, entitled 'The Governor/' Dr. Flippin makes 
himself very interesting. He goes into detail for the very good reason 
that tiie governor was the centre around which tiie whole colonial system 
revolved. This does not mean that the governor was an autocrat, for in 
most instances he was content to play the part of a mere figurehead, 
though in the cases of positive characters like Culpeper and Alexander 
Spotswood the Governor was tempted by his apparent power to dominate 
afFairs, with the inevitable result of dissentions and domestic turmoil. 
Next follows the chapter on the "Coixadl,** which tiiough not as minute 
or extended as the chapter on the Governor, is perhaps more interesting. 
This body (the Council) which shared with tiie governor in all his 
autiiority as an executive, a branch of the Legislature, and a Supreme 
Court, constituted at the same time a kind of personal link between the 
English governor and the Virginia House of Burgesses. For while its 
members were appointed by the authorities in England, they were se- 
lected from the body of the people of Virginia. We have not room for 
much further description, but we may truthfully say of the remaining 
chapters of Dr. Flippin's work that they contain so much valuable in- 
formation that no one will hereafter have the hardihood to write of Vir- 
ginia witiiout making some reference to their excellent contents. 

It is not stu*prising that against a work of so much detail some 
criticisms may be advanced. There is a lack of definiteness in some 
places, and Dr. Flippin's figures and references are not always accurate. 
Sometimes some of his statements need dedded modification. Thus, 
when our author says (p. 104) that between April, 1636, and November, 
1639, "the Assembly was not called," the reference given to Hening fails 
him, and his words are in contradiction of the language of the Assembly 
itself in 1642, which speaks of the ''freedom of annual assemblies war- 
ranted unto us by his majesties gracious instructions." Moreover, in the 
land grants mention is specially made of two assemblies held at Jamestown 
in February, 1637, and February, 1638. (Virginia Land Register I., 689.) 
But see p. 193, where the author seems to correct himself. Again on page 
151 the statement is made that the (jovemor and Council" sat with the 
Burgesses until about 1663," when they sat apart This is hardly correct 
The loss of records prevents an exact statement, but there can be scarcely 
any doubt that the separation of the houses began at a much earlier 
period — perhaps as early as 1626, when the first Assembly met under the 
royal government It would be only natural that the new organization would 
conform to the example of Parliament. However, there appears direct 
evidence that they sat apart as early as 1637-38. (Journals of the House 
of Burgesses 161 9-1658-9, ch. Ixxxvi.), and an Act passed in 1647. 
(Hening I., 341) speaks of "all members of both houses." Moreover, 
Rev. Roger Green, who had been in Virginia previous to 1653, and wrote, 
it is to be presumed, of what he saw at that time, declared in a pamphlet 
printed in London in 1662 (Virginians Cure, Force Tracts HI., No. xv.) 



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3o8 William and Mary Quarterly 

that ''whatever is of imblic concernment in Virginia is determined by 
their grand assemblies, which are usually held once a year and consist of 
Governor and Council which make the upper house and the Burgesses 
which represent the people and make the lower house." Again on page 
191 it is hardly correct to say that "Quakers were not allowed to vote till 
the close of the eighteenth century,/' nor even that "Catholics, free 
negroes, mulattoes and Indians were always disfranchised." Here again 
exception may be taken to Dr. Flippin's references which are not at all 
satisfactory. The ballot in colonial Virginia was remarkably free, and 
the freehold requirement passed in 1670 did not, for most of the colonial 
period, limit the unqualified right of suffrage. As a matter of fact, the 
Act did not define the freehold and Alexander Spotswood complained 
in 1712 of a **defect in the Constitution of the Colony," which "allows 
to every one tho but just out of the condition of a servant and that can 
but purchase half an acre of land an equal vote with the man of the best 
estate in the country." (Letters of Governor Spotswood EL, 2). No real 
change from the universal suffrage of the early days was made till forty 
years before independence, when the freehold required was put at 25 acres 
with a house and a hundred acres without one. Finally, on page 169 for 
the statement that "all legislation and especially all appropriations origi- 
nated in the House," we should have "nearly all legislation, &c." The 
two houses had an equal right to originate bills and the council sometimes 
exercised the right Most of the time, however, it acted in a merely 
revisory capacity. 

The work has an excellent bibliography and index. 

Spirit of the Courts, By Thomas W. Shelton, chairman committee on 
Uniform Judicial Procedure, American Bar Association, John 
Murphy Company, publishers, Baltimore, Maryland, igiSw 

In tiiis book Mr. Shelton, who is an able lawyer of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, makes a strong plea for reform in judicial procedure in the Federal 
Courts. While the Federal Courts have a uniform system of chancery 
practice largely evolved by the Supreme Court itself, they have been 
compelled by an Act of Congress i>assed long ago to conform themselves 
in common law matters to the procedure followed in the different States. 
Mr. Shelton voicing views, previously offered by him and endorsed by the 
American Bar Association in 191 2, contends for a complete uniform system 
of law pleading to prevail in the Federal Courts everywhere. To accom- 
plbh this Mr. Shelton wants Congress and politicians generally to keep at 
a distance, and vests the preparing and putting into effect the new pro- 
cedure in the hands of the Supreme Court of tiie United States. This 
court control, instead of legislature control, is to be extended to the Judge 
himself who supervises things. The fundamental condition is an honest 
judge, and, for purging the bench of corrupt incumbents, Mr. Shelton 



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William and Masy Quarterly 309 

suggests, not impeachment proceedings by a lot of politicians sitting in 
the Senate of the United States, but a trial by three to five judges to be 
selected by the Chief Justice. These suggestions are all ably presented by 
Mr. Shelton, but, however, tiiey may appear to the legal brethren, they 
present to the plain citizen like the present writer some doubts that will 
not down. Assuredly some reforms are desirable, and uniformity is a 
good thing under certain conditions, but, as long as we have sei>arate 
States, is it not well to keep up their idea of separateness, and would 
not this uniformity business apply witii equal force against separate 
State laws, and even separate State existence itself? Would not the 
reform propounded by Mr. Shelton constitute only another step to a 
complete consolidation of the country? Then, too, would they not, de- 
spite Mr. Shelton's praise at times of democracy, tend to autocracy? 
The Federal Courts, through the life term of the judges, are a standing 
denial of the democratic principles of the government There can be 
no real democracy where the official incumbents do not at stated intervals 
descend into tiie mass of the people. And now Mr. Shelton and his fellow- 
lawyers wish to make the Federal judges still more autocratic by per- 
mitting them to pass on the charges preferred against their own brethren. 
It is true that faith in democracy is being terribly shaken by the social 
revolution that is now going on, and Mr. Shelton may be right, just as an 
arbtocracy after all may be right, but all I say is that his whole scheme 
of reform is imperialistic and undemocratic. 

As for the execution of this book its literary character is excellent 
and the printing and binding good. Perhaps the expression is too dif- 
fuse and condensation would have done no harm. Two things certainly 
would have added much to the value of the book— shorter paragraphs 
and an index. 

BoDDiE and Allied Families. By John Thomas Boddie and John Bennett 
Boddie. Privately printed, 1918. 

When the authors write in this work that ''nothing is left to tradition," 
it shows the real historic spirit possessed by them. Not only is truth 
stranger than fiction, but it is far more interesting. The dependence in 
this volume, which has been the result of many years of labor, is upon 
county and Bible records and other authentic sources. The Boddie family 
had its beginning in America with William Boddie, of Isle of Wight 
County, Virginia, who patented land in that county in 1661. He was evi- 
dently a man of weight and standing in England, and his descendants, who 
are now scattered through tiie South and West, are people of great re- 
spectability. The allied families are represented by such names as Anthony, 
Bennett, Bull, Crudup, Dugan, Drake, Ford, Greene, Judd, Kellogg, Loomis, 
Lott, Lyman, Manning, Marsh, McNeill, Rivers, Seymour, Stone, Treat, 
Utter, Webster, Whiting, Williams and Winston. The book is well illus- 
trated and neatly printed. 



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3IO William and Mary Quarterly 

George Mason of Virginia, By Robert C. Mason, 1919. An address com- 
memorative of the launching of tiie S. S. Gunfton Hall, at Alex- 
andria, Virginia, January, 1919. New York, Oscar Aurelius 
Morgner, Eighty La Fayette Street, MCMXIX. 

This is a very pretty publication in eulogy of one of the most re- 
markable men of his day. While the critical historian may demur to some 
of the claims put forward for him, there can be no doubt that George 
Mason was a man of incomparable integrity as a citizen and of the first 
order of ability as a statesman. His chief claims to fame rest undoubtedly 
upon his Declaration of Rights (miscalled "Bill of Rights/') and State 
constitution adopted by the Virginia Constitution in 1776. These papers 
while they do not of themselves give him the right to be called "the most 
notable Democrat in the world" do entitle him to the distinction of hav- 
ing proclaimed the rights of man and the organic law for a democracy 
better than any other person of his time. Jefferson's plans proposed at 
tht same time to the convention, though they are by no means as tersely 
and succinctly drawn as Mason's, appear to breathe the spirit of democ- 
racy in what must be considered an equal degree of conviction. There 
can be no doubt, however, that in his passionate appeal to the heart of 
mankind in his Declaration of Independence Jefferson, and not Mason, 
won and deserved the title of the most "notable Democrat in the world.** 
With these two great ps4)ers, the Declaration of Rights and the Virginia 
Constitution, Mason's constructive work began and ended. Plainly speak- 
ing. Mason, despite hb splendid talents, had neither the industry that 
distinguished Jefferson nor the sense of personal sacrifice that dis- 
tinguished Washingtbn. His unwillingness to assume public burdens, and 
his disposition to retire to the solitude of his farm, when tiie public 
needed him, cannot be condoned by pleas of modesty, and tiie consequence 
was that his fame is local ratiier than national After all is said in praise 
of him he was singularly lacking in that energy of soul, which has marked 
the leaders of the world. The book has fine pictures of George Mason 
and of Gunston Hall 



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Works of Lyon G. Tyler 

President of JVilliam and Mary College^ 
fVilliamsburg^ Virginia. 

x« Letters and Times of the Tylers* 

Being a work in three volumes covering the livci of JohJi Tyler, Sr,, 

Governor of Virginia, and his son, John Tyler, President of the 
United States, with a running commentary on political events from 
1775 t<3 i86i\ Price $7 (Express to be paid by purchaser). Apply to 
the author. 

a. Cradle of the Republic — Jamestown and James River. 

A detailed history of Jamestown and the other James River settle- 
ments. Second edition, rewritten, enlarged and copiously illnEtrated, 
Sent to any place in the United States free of postage for $3. Apply 
to the author. 

Z* Williainsburg, the old Colonial Capital. 

Copiously illustrated, Williamsburg is full of interest as the capital 
of Virginia during the American Revolution, and the seat of William 
and Mary College. Sent to any place in the United States free of 
postage for $1:3.50, Apply to the author. 

4. Parties and Patronage in the United States, 

in G. P. Putnam's ''Questions of the Day." Out of Print 

5, Narratives of Early Virginia (1606-1625), 

Charles Seribner's Sons, Publishers, New York- 



The English in America. 

(Volume IV. in Hart's American Nation), 
lishers. New York. 



Harper h Brothers, Pub- 



7* Men of Mark in Virginia- 

In five volumes. Men of Mark Publishing Co*, WashingtoUp D. C. 

8, Biographical Dictionary of Virginia. 

In five volumes. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York. 1915, 

g, William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Lyon G. Tyler, Editor; William Clayton Torrence» Associate Editor. 
This Magazine is devoted chiefly to the early history and families 
of Virginia. All unsigned articles contributed by the Editor, Lyon G, 
Tyler* It enters on its twenty-seventh voltime with the July number, 
1918, 

Subscription price is $3.00 per year. Back numbers furnished only to 
subscribers. Single copies $1.00. No discount to the trade. An index 
to Genealogic Data in the first sixteen volumes will be furnished on 
application. 



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ALDERMAN UBRARY 

The return of this book is due on the date 
indicated below 




Usually books are lent out for two weeks, but 
there are exceptions and the borrower should 
note carefully the date stamped above. Fines 
are charged for over-due books at the rate of 
five cents a day: for reserved books there are 
special rates and regulations. Books must be 
presented at the desk if renewal is desired. 



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