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•*; '■ 

^>' .a^ 



^^ '^^ 


-•^' •• J ^ 

JUL 9' - 1908 

f^arbarti College litirars . 



Descendants of Henry Bright, ir., who died at Water- 
town, Mass., In i6S6, are entitled to hold scholarships in 
Harvard College, established in iSSo under the will of 


of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this 
Legacy. Such descendants failing, other persons are 
eligible to the scholarships. The will requires that 
this announcement shall m made in every book added 
to the Library under its provisions. 

Digitized by 




Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 


William and Mary College 


Editor. LYON G. TYLER, M. A., LL. D. 




VThittxt & Shrppkrson, Pubi.ishrks and Primers. 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 




Allegiance, Oath of, in Virginia, 1780, 

159, 160. 
Amelia County, Marriage Bonds in, 

Aylett Family, Coat of arms of, 70; 

origin of, 99, 100. 
Baldridge Family, 176, 188. 
Barbadoes, 176-178. 
Bellfield, 36-39. 
Bohun, Dr. Lawrence, heroic death of, 

Books in Williamsburg, 100-113. 
Brick Bonds. 212. 
Brouohton Family, 212. 
Bridge and Warner, 83, 84. 
BuRWELL Family Records, 93. 
Burwell, Lewis, Elegy on, 162, 163. 
Carter, Colonel Landon, Diary of, 

15-20, 86-87, 205-211. 
Cary Family, 86, 87. 
Chastellux, Marquis de, diploma of, as 

Doctor of Civil Law, 266. 
Chesapeake Bay, 216. 
Chilton Family, 89-92, 191-192, 274, 

Christian Family, 197-201. 
Copland, Charles, Will of, 57-64. 
Coflte, Dr. John Francis, diploma, 266. 
De Graffenreidt Family, 201-203, 213. 
Deveaux Family, Query, 70. 
DuNLOP, William, Library and Tomb- 
stone, 275-279. 
Eastern Shore of Virginia, 215. 
Edloe Family, 282, 283. 
Edwards Family, 79-83, 195-197. 
Explorations Beyond the Mountains, 

Genealogy, A Problem in, 124, 125. 
Gilmer Family, 226, 227. 
Gilmer, Thomas Walker, Letters op, 

Gloucester County Officers ix, 177o, 

• 123, 124. 
Hampton Church Wall, 70. 
Hay Family, 84-87. 
Hayward, Nicholas, 178, 188. 
Henry, Patrick, Proclamation of, 163, 


Hutt Family, 184. 190, 191. 

Indians: King of Potomack's agreement, 
178; Doeggs, 179; Potomack Indian 
Town, 188. 

Jefferson, Thomas, Elected Governor, 

Kelly Family, 129-131. 

Kennon Family, 46, 46. 

Kingston Register, extracts from, 93- 

Lanier Family, 77-79. 

Letters : James Jarvis, 55 ; James Lyon, 
75-77; Thomas Baldridge, 176-178; 
Nicholas Hayward, 178; Riohard 
Lord, 178; Rev. John Waugh, 182; 
William Tucker, 183; William Au- 
gustine Washington, 204; Charles 
A. Wickliflfe, 227; George W. Hop- 
kins, 230; Granville T. Winthro»). 
231; Mark Chilton, 270. 

Little-Brown, Family Records, 70. 

Lord Family, 178, 182, 188, 189. 

Marriage Bonds in Am^ja County, 

Maryland, Description of, 143-159; 
table diet, 146; lawyers, 147; mili- 
tary titles, 147 ; negro quarters, 148 ; 
slavery in, 149-151; convicts in, 
151-153; ordinaries, 153; men and 
women in, 153, 156; paper money, 
155; education in, 157; lov« of 
horses, 158; hospitality, 159; ter- 
ritorial bounds, 176, 188. 

Massachusetts State House, 71. 

Massie Family, 125-129. 

Mead, William, Invitation to Refu- 
gees, 129. 

Minge Family, 280-282. 

Monroe Family, 192-195. 

Moore, of Chelsea, coat of arms, 70. 

"Mount Pleasant,*' monument at, 87, 

Nicholson Family, 63, 64. 

Norfolk in 1746, 222. 

Nullification, 227. 

Observations, &c., in America, 143- 
159, 215-225. 

Pawnee, The, 54-56. 

Digitized by 




PoLLABD Family, 64-69. 

Reade, Rev. Robebt, 211. 

Reminiscences, by a Warwicker, 51-54. 

Roads in Viboinia, 215. 

Robinson, John, residence of, 161, 162. 

St. James Nobtham Pabish, Reoisteb 
OF, 24-36, 113-123, 247-256. 

Sea WELL Family, 280. 

Sebvant's Indentube, 186. 

Shipping Instructions, 183. 

Silk Industry, 37, 38, 40. 

Texas Convention, Resolution of. 
Thanking John Tyleb, 41, 42. 

Thacker Family, 212. 

Tobacco, the "E. Dees," 38. 

Transfeb Day at the College, 131. 

Tyleb, John: thanked by Texas conven- 
tion, 4; speech at William and 
Mary College banquet, 66; vetoes of 
the bank bills, 230-234; at Bell- 
field, 38. 

Venable Family, 21-24, 246-249. 

ViBGiNiA Families Connected with 
English Pedigbees, 47-61. 

ViBOiNiA, Heboines OF, 39-41. 

ViBoiNiA Medical Students at the 
Univebsity of Mabyland, 242-246. 

Virginia: Description of, 217-223; elec- 
tion of Mr. Jefferson, 161; oath of 
allepriance to, 169. 160; roads in, 
215; "infinity of sloops and barks," 
221; wheat culture in, 38; silk cul- 
ture in, 37, 38, 40. 

Vivian Family, Query, 211. 

Walton, Geoboe, Signeb of Declaba- 
tion, 279, 280. 

Ward Family, Query, 71. 

Waugh Fatally, 189, 190. 

Washington, Col. William, 132-134. 

Washington, William Augustine to Alex- 
ander Spotswood, 204-206. 

Westmobeland County Recobds: ex- 
tracts from, 175-191; justices in, 
179; John Appleton appointed sheriff 
of, 180; suicide punished in, 181; 
pottery factory, 186; wolves, 186; 
ages of residents, 187; marriage 
bonds, 187; society in, 175. 

Wheat Culture, 38. 

Wickliffe Family, 189, 227. 

William and Maby College, Joubnal 
OF Pbesident and Mastebs of, 
1-14; 134-142; 164-174; 264-270. 

William and Mary College: number of 
students in 1840, 229 ; professors at, 
229; children sent from Maryland 
to, 167; elective principle at, 170. 

Williamsburg: Raleigh Tavern in, 63; 
Apollo Hall, Capitol in, 71; ban- 
quet at, 66; books in, 100-113; 
description of, 223. 

Wood, Abraham, 234. 

Wyche Family, 42-45. 

YoBK County; First settlement in, 37. 

YoBKTOWN, Memobies OF, 73-77; 212, 

YORKTOWN: Description of, 222, 223. 

Digitized by 




Abington, 189. 

Adams, 58, 116, 118, 120, 133, 255, 282. 

Adfion, 255. 

Agnew, 242. 

Allan, 58. 

Allen, 29, 64, 115, 247, 249, 255, 256, 283. 

Allerton 175, 186. 

Alexander (Elexandr), 127, 178, 242. 

Alfriend, (Allfriend), 242, 255, 256. 

Ambler, 46, 242, 244, 256. 

Amelia, 255-264. 

American Beacon, 71. 

Anderson, 29, 30, 32, 35, 67, 121, 122, 

127, 242, 247, 250, 252, 256, 257, 

261, 263. 
Andrews, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 

171, 172, 173, 174, 257, 264, 265, 

267, 268, 269. 
Angell, 257, 258. 
Apomatack Indians, 235. 
Apperson, 118. 
Appleton, 180, 187. 
Appomattox, (Mattox), 175, 188, 192. 
Armistead, 46, 85, 86, 94, 96, 97, 98, 

124, 260, 251, 252, 254, 283. 
"Apollo," 53. 
Aquia cr. 188. 
Archer, 88, 257, 260. 
Arrington, 193. 
Arnold, 210. 
Ashbrook, 257. 

Ashton, 90, 187, 193, 242, 262. 
Asselin, 257. 
Astrop, 44. 
Atkins, 255, 257. 
Atkinson, 267, 282. 
Atwood, 257. 
Austin, 68. 

Av«ny, (Avery, Avary), 256, 257. 
Avis 257 

Aylett, 70, 99-100, 204. 
Baoon, 47, 50, 69, 118, 214, 280. 
Bacon's Castle, 81. 
Bacon's Bebellion, 41. 
Baer, 242. 
Bagley, 256, 267. 
Bailey, 25, 251. 

Bainham, 188. 

Baker, 123, 161, 258. 

Ball, 30, 92, 119, 188, 242, 258, 272. 

Ballard, 183. 

Baldwin, 242, 258, 263. 

Baltimore, Lord, 37, 175, 176, 188, 192. 

Baldridge, (Baldreage, Baldreadge), 176, 

178, 187, 188, 189. 
Bancroft, 45. 
Bankhead, 193, 194. 
Banks, 25, 209, 242, 247. 
Bannister, (Banister), 258, 263. 
Barclay, 253. 
Bard, 258. 
Barcling, 258, 259. 
Barhapi, 195. 
Barker, 116, 268. 
Barksdale, 258. 
Barnes, 196, 198, 258. 
Barnwell, 70. 
Barraud, 88. 
Barret, (Barrett), 25, 34, 35, 114, 110, 

122, 123, 251. 
Barron, 18, 208. 
Barton, 258, 260. 
Barry, 283. 

Baskerville, 127, 242, 258. 
Bass, 269, 263. 
Bassett, 162, 187, 242. 
Bates, 34, 258. 
Batewell, 142. 
Bathurst, 48. 
Battall, 19. 

Batte, (Batt, Batte), 235, 239. 
Battut (?), 209. 
Baugh, 258. 
Baughan, 268. 
Bayards, 196. 
Baytop, 124. 

Beale, 17, 195, 210, 273, 242. 
Beane, 262. 
Bear, 242. 
Beasley, 260, 269. 
Beavely, 269. 
Bex?kley, 160. 
Bedel, 269. 
Belcher, (Belaher), 250. 

Digitized by 



Bell, 259. 

Bellfield, 36-39, 126. 

"Belleview," 271. 

Bellini, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 204, 
265, 267, 268, 269. 

Belmeade 88. 

Bennett, 29, 47, 176, 242, 259. 

Bennet's cr., 85. 

Benuing, 212. 

Bentley, 124, 128, 259, 260, 261. 

Bensford, 260. 

Berkeley, (Berkely), 41, 77, 78, 179, 180, 

Bernard, 94, 97, 124. 

Berry, 259, 260. 

Best 242. 

Beviile, 256, 260, 263. 

Bibb, (Bib), 27, 33, 34, 42, 123, 254, 260. 

Bigger, (Biggar, Biggars), 29, 32, 33, 
123, 250, 260. 

Billups, 97, 124. 

Bins, 260. 

Birchett, 242. 

Blackburn, 193, 256. 

Blacklock, 118. 

Blackman, (Blockman), 258, 260. 

Black Water Swamp, 81. 

Blackwell, 90, 92, 271, 272, 273. 

Blair, 195, 202, 226. 

Blakeley, 260. 

Blakey, 246. 

Bland, 47, 188. 

Blankenship, ( Blenkenship, Blanking- 
ship), 260, 261. 

Blanton, 260. 

Blassingham, 53. 

Bledsoe, 242. 

Blow, 81. 

Blow's Mill, 61. 

Blunt, 81. 

Boarman, 242. 

Bohannon, 97. 

Bohun, 234. 

Booker, 257, 258, 260, 261, 262. 

Bolding, 30. 

Boles, 260. 

Boiling, (Boling), 25, 35, 36, 113, 114, 
115, 116, 117, 119, 260, 261. 

Bond, 249. 

Borum, 261, 262. 

Boscoe, 258. 

Boswell, 123. 

Bott, (Botts), 267, 261, 262. 

Booth, 123, 260, 261, 262. 

Boulware, 130. 

Bourg, 202. 

Boush. 46. 

Bowdoin, 81. 

Bowlen, 242. 

Bowler, 126, 263, 282. 

Bowles, 242, 262. 

Bowling Green, 66, 67. 

Bowman, 28, 246. 

Boxley, 253. 

Boyd, 68, 127, 262. 

Boys, 282. 

Bracken, 131, 137, 140, 142, 164, 16.>, 

166, 167, 168. 267. 
Bracket, (Brackett), 260, 262. 
Bradbury, 262. 
Bradley, 262. 
Bradnock, 178. 
Bradshaw, 262. 
Bragg, 247, 262. 
Branch, 262. 
Brandywine, 90. 
Branham, 242. 
Bransford, 249. 
Brazendire, 262. 
Bremo, 88, 126. 
Brent, 35, 36, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 

119, 120, 176, 178, 179, 188. 
Brereton 180. 
Brewer, 78, 257, 262. 
Brett, 175. 
Bretton, 182. 
Bridge 83. 
Bridges, 186, 189. 
Britt, 198. 
Broadfoot, 263. 

Broadhurst, (Brodhurst), 175, 187. 
Broadman, 263. 
Broadwater, 242. 
Broadway, 263. 
Brock, 211. 
Brockman, 265. 
Brodnax, 48, 242, 263. 
Brogan, 263. 
Bromfield, 28. 
Brooke, (Brook), 34, 263. 
Brooking, 263. 
Brooks, 49, 189, 262, 263. 
Broughton, 212, 263. 
Browder, 263. 
Brown, (Browne), 57, 68, 59, 60, 63, 

70, 80, 81, 88. 122, 126, 180. 189, 

242, 246, 247, 250, 251, 263, 282. 
Bruce, 263. 
Brumfield, 263. 
Bryan, 263. 
Bryce. 29, 118, 253. 
Buchanan, 253. 

Buckner. 96, 97, 124, 194, 242. 
Bull, 150. 
Bullock. 32, 123. 
Burch, 78. 

Digitized by 



Burdon, 263. 

Burford, 263. 

Burge, 263. 

Burgess, 30. 

Burgoyne, 163. 

Burke, 48, 93. 

Burkett, 93. 

Burkhardt, 242. 

Burks, 35, 36, 263. 

Burnett, 242. 

Burner, 26, 26. 

Burrass, 39. 

Burt, 263. 

Burton, 24, 26, 26, 27, 28, 34, 35, 36, 

114, 116, 242, 252, 258, 264. 
BurweU, 9, 50, 64, 86, 93, 162, 163, 264. 
Bushrod, 204. 
Buster, 68. 

Butler, 78, 187, 188, 193, 242, 263, 264. 
Butler's Gut, 52. 
Butts, 81. 
Byers, 34, 122. 
Byrd, 241. 
Cabaniss, 242. 

Cabell, 57, 125, 126, 127, 242. 
Calhoun, 42. 
Callaway, 242, 269. 
Callicott, (Callicote), 257, 262. 
Calthorp, (Calthorpe), 49. 
Calloway, 168. 

Camm, 9, 134, 136, 137, 140, 142, 164. 
Camp, 123. 
Campbell, 70, 242. 
Cardwell, 265. 
Carmichael, 242. 
Carpenter, 266, 259. 
Carrington, 248. 
Carter, (Cartar) 16, 20, 26, 50, 126, 141, 

165, 167, 179, 186, 188, 205-211, 242. 
Carter's Grove, 86. 
Carter's Hall, 86. 
Carr, 117, 118, 119, 242, 251. 
Carroll, 30. 
Cary, (Carey) 62, 84, 85, 86, 98, 113, 

117, 118, 119, 120, 121. 
Casey, 21, 246. 
Catlett, 242. 
Caudle, 258. 
Cave, 190. 
Chambers, 269. 
Champe, 125. 
Chandler, 246, 269. 
Chantilly, 208. 
Chapin, 184, 186, 190. 
Chastellux, 264. 
Chester, 234. 
Cbevis, 242. 
Chicacoan, 175. 

Chicheley (Chickeley), 41, 50. 

Chichester, 30, 117, 119, 120. 

Chiles, 32, 122, 251. 

Chilton, 89-92, 187, 191-192, 270-276. 

Chiskiack, 36, 37. 

Chisman, 41. 

Christian, 26, 30, 31, 36, 93, 94. 95, 98, 

114, 115, 118, 121, 122, 123, 137, 

138, 139, 197-201, 281. 
Chunn, 242. 
Claiborne (Clayborn), 46, 50, 78, 88, 

120, 176. 
Clardy, 264. 
Clatemont, 263. 

Clark (Gierke or Clarke), 30, 31, 48, 

121, 122, 128, 248, 264, 260. 
Clarkson, 196. 

Clary, 262. 

Clay, 230, 255, 256, 257, 260, 272. 

Clayton,; 28, 33, 49, 123, 124, 235, 238. 

Clement, 261, 262. 

Clements, 123. 

Clinch, 282. 

Clopton, 26, 34, 35, 36, 53, 54, 114, 116, 

116, 118. 
aough, 32, 122, 251. 
Cloof, 121. 
Cluveriua, 123. 
Clyborne, 257. 
Coates (Coats), 242, 253. 
Cobb, 30. 33, 200, 250, 251. 
Cobbs, 27, 28, 252, 257, 259, 261. 
Cochran, 127. 
Cocke. 27, 29, 30. 35, 46, 81, 80. 87, 88, 

113, 115, 116, 117, 120, 121, 126, 

256, 257. 
Codd, 47. 
Codman, 196. 
Coggs, 181. 
Cohen, 242. 
Coke, 47. 

Colclough, 184, 186. 
Cole. 25, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 115, 120, 

121, 122, 123, 171, 175, 176, 187, 

250 251 253. 
Coleman, 33, 88, 256. 266, 260, 262, 263, 

Collier, 281, 282. 
Colston, 15, 19, 20, 206, 206, 208. 
Colwill, 185. 

Cooke (Cook), 30, 242,271. 
Conley, 198. 
Conway, 130, 212. 
Cooper, 20, 196. 
Copland, 67-64, 119. 
Cople Parish. 175. 191. 
Corbin, 49, 90. 92, 175, 183. 190, 271, 


Digitized by 



Cordell, 242. 

Cornell, 196. 

Cornwallis (CJornwallice), 74, 76, 77. 

Cosbie, 117, 120, 122, 123, 260, 263. 

Coeby, 32, 34, 35, 36, 114, 122, 261. 

Ck)dtin, 191. 

Cousins, 257, 260, 263. 

Cox, 35, 262. 

Cowan, 45. 

Crabbe, 190. 

Craigwald, 28. 

Cranford, 242. 

Crawford, 242. 

Crenshaw, 257, 268. 

XJreed, 246. 

Crittenden, 261. 

Creyke (Creke), 49. 

Crogwell, 250. 

Cromwell, 242. 

Crouch, 27, 123. 

Cully, 98. 

Cullen, 189. 

Cumming, 246. 

Curd, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35, 36, 114, 

115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 

122, 123, 260, 251. 
Curie, 34. 
Curlett, 242. 
Currioman (Curryoman), 89, 90, 91, 92, 

191, 271. 
Curtis, 242. 
Custis, 46, 162. 
Dabney, 31, 32, 121, 122. 
Dade, 137, 138, 139, 242. 
Daggs, 128. 

Daingerfield (Dangerfleld, 187, 212, 273. 
Dalley, 196. 
Dancing Point, 79. 
Dancy, 283. 
Dandridge, 9, 32, 46, 66, 100, 114. 118, 

119, 120, 121, 122, 251, 281, 282. 
Daniel, 33, 122, 242, 260, 261. 261. 
Darracott (Daracott, Darricot), 32, 69, 

Davis, 26, 32, 79, 98, 124, 246. 
Dawes, 124. 
Dawson, 79, 190. 
Dean, 98. 
Dedman, 269. 

De Graffenreidt, 201-203, 213. 
De Graese, 74. 
Delaware, Lord, 37. 
Denbigh, 52. 
Denham. 71. 
Dennis, 249, 258, 263. 
Demon, 162. 
Deveaux, 70. 
Devil Tavern, 53. 

Dewbery, 196. 

Diar, 269. 

Dicen, 256. 

Dickerson, 253. 

Dickeson, 122. 

Digges (Diggs), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 

11, 12, 13. 14, 31, 37, 38, 40, 48, 

64, 202, 242. 
Dixon, 1, 6, 94, 96, 98, 101, 124, 129. 

134, 135, 137, 140, 142. 
Dodman, 178, 179, 188. 
Donalthan, 131. 
Doniphan, 187. 
Doremus, 72. 
Doss, 25, 117. 
Douglas, 24, 271. 
Dowell, 246. 
Dowler, 242. 
Downing, 242. 
Downman, 121, 123, 242. 
Downer, 36. 
Drake, 262. 
Drew, 160. 
Drinkwater, 268. 
Drisdale Parish, 28. 
Drummond, 41, 242. 
Dudley, 28, 96, 97, 99, 251, 255. 
Duke, 34. 

Dunlop, 275, 278, 279, 282. 
Dunmore, Lord, 18, 19, 208, 209. 
Dunn, 242. 
Dupree, 43. 
Durrett, 34. 
Durkin, 242. 
Dutton, 181. 
Dwit, 9. 12. 
Dyer, 258. 
East, 30. 

Eaf^tern Shore, 216. 
Eaton, 82. 
Eddins, 124. 
Edloe, 282-283. 
Edmunds, 44, 81, 82, 188. 
Edrington, 243. 
Edwards, 31, 70. 79-83, 121, 183, 188, 

190, 195-197, 243, 246. 
Effinger, 128. 
Esrgleston, 1, 4, 7, 9. 
Elam, 243. 

Eldridge (Elldridge), 30, 121. 
Ellenton, 257. 
Elliott, 189, 193. 
Ellis, 26, 28, 31, 263. 
Embry, 203, 213. 
Ennis. 258. 
Eps, 68. 
Eubank, 243. 
Eustace, 92. 

Digitized by 




Evans, 1, 6, 44, 123, 131, 132. 

Fair Field, 100. 

Fallom (Fallam), 235. 

Falver, 74, 76, 77. 

Fancy Farm, 69. 

Faridh, 243. 

Farley, 255, 263, 264. 

Farris, 262. 

FaulcoD, 87. 

Fauntleroy, 67, 210, 243. 

Fellgate, 36, 37. 

Fenton, 26. 

Fenwick, 192. 

ffendall, 181. 

ffloyd, 181. 

ffoot, 178. 

ffowkes (ffowlke), 179. 

ffranklin, 186. 

Ferran, 26, 27. 

Ferguson, 243. 

Ferrar (Farrar), 26, 37, 40, 41, 114. 

Field, 243. 

Fincastle, 9. 

Finch, 98. 

Finley, 127. 

Finney, 243, 262. 

Fisher, 243, 246. 

Fitzhugh, 98, 190, 243. 

Fitzpa trick, 117, 118. 

Fisher, 46. 

Fissh, 49. 

Flanakaskies, Town of, 236, 241. 

Fleming, 25, 113, 114, 115, 119, 243. 

Fleet, 69. 

Flint, 62. 

Flournoy, 25, 26, 242, 243. 

Fontane (Fontaine, Fontain), 34, 70, 99, 

260, 257. 
Ford, 29, 117, 266, 259, 261, 262. 
Forden, 27. 
Forrest, 39. 

Foster, 124, 255, 256, 259, 262. 
Fountain (Fountaine), 254. 
"Four Mile Tree," 81, 88, 282. 
Fowke, 175. 
Fowler, 115, 117. 
Fox, 32, 47, 116, 118, 119, 121, 124, 

172, 174, 250. 
Franklin, 186, 200. 
Fraser, 19, 44, 74, 76, 77. 
Frazer, 209. 
Frekes. 181. 
ffreroan, 176. 
French. 44, 190, 243. 
Fry, 126. 
Gabril, 199. 
Oaddi«^, 198. 
Gait, 226. 

Garofiner, 261. 

Garland, 33, 34, 124. 

Gamett, 67, 243. 

Garr, 243. 

Garret (Garrett), 10, 11, 261. 

Garton, 32. 

Gates, 163. 

Gatewood, 129. 

Gay, 36, 113, 114. 

Gayle, 124. 

Gentry, 118. 

Gerrand, 30. 

G«rard, 175, 179, 190, 191. 

Gibson, 243, 273. 

Gilbert, 30. 

Gilchrist, 197. 

Gilmer, 42, 45, 225, 227, 230, 234, 243, 

Girardeau, 70. 
Gissage, 250. 
Glasgow, 203. 

Glass, 29, 30, 114, 116, 116, 117, 119, 121. 
Glenn, 114, 243, 247. 
Gloucester County, 82, 123, 162, 216, 222. 
Gooch, 32, 33, 123, 249. 
Good (Goode), 6, 28, 127, 129, 247, 266. 
Goodlad, 186. 
Goodall, 60. 

Goodwin, 33, 49, 252, 263, 264. 
Googe, 251. 

Golden Quarter, 143, 144. 
Gordon, 26, 31, 34, 45, 93, 97, 128, !88. 

196, 243. 
Gosport, 209. 
Gough, 251. 
Gouldin, 243. 
Gowrv, 190. 
Grant, 25, 46. 
Grason, 30. 
Gravefl. 9, 29, 30, 34, 35, 61, 116, 12(^, 

Gray, 88, 175, 261, 243. 
Grayson, 71, 262, 275. 
Gregory, 35. 
Grendon, 41. 
Green (Greene), 35, 54, 124, 198, 199, 

243, 267, 264. 
Greenspring, 80. 
Griffin, 171, 258. 
Griffith, 55, 66. 
Grissell, 87. 
Grisson, 198. 
Groom, 25. 
"Grove, The," 197. 
Grove Wharf, 51. 
Gryer, 195. 
Grvmes, 243. 
Gullat, 243. 

Digitized by 



Gunter, 243. 

Guy, 243. 

Gwathmey, 64. 

Gwatkins, 1, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. 

Gwyn (Gwynn), 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 

99, 243. 
Habersham, 231. 
Hadralt, 243. 
Hales, 26. 

Hall, 124, 165, 243, 257. 
Hallowea, 175, 189. 
Hambro, 47. 
Hamilton, 57, 76, 243. 
Hamlin, 196. 
Hanbury, 136. 
Hancock (Hancocke), 25, 26, 28, 116, 

Hannah, 199. 
Hansford, 54. 
Hanson, 29, 117. 
Hardaway, 280. 
Hardine, 28. 
Harding, 243. 
Hardwick, 176-187. 
Hardy, 186. 
Harrell, 243. 
Harris, 9, 26, 29, 31, 46, 114, 116, 122, 

181, 243, 248. 
Harrison, 27, 60, 80, 85, 114, 116, 193, 

195, 202, 231, 232, 243, 281, 282. 
Harrow, 243. 

Harper, 187, 243. 259, 261. 
Hart, 28. 

Hartwell (Hartwill), 87, 88, 183. 
Harvey, 37, 191, 281. 
Harvie, 161. 

Harwood (Horrod), 41, 51, 62, 69. 
Hastins, 269. 
Hawkins, 190, 243. 
Hatch, 19. 
Fatoher, 256, 282. 
Haviland, 41. 
Hawes, 68. 
Hawkins, 98. 
Hawks, 263. 
Haxall. 243. 
Hay, 84-87. 
Hayes, 124. 
Havs, 243. 

Hayward, 175. 178, 188. 
Haywood. 124. 

Hayden, Virginia Genealofiies, 50. 82. 
Hazelprove, 258. 263. 
Heam, 165. 
Heath, 34, 35. .?«, 243. 
Henderson. 267. 
Heitman. 77. 
Henley, 1, 6 9. 68. 250. 

Henry, 100, 115, 117 119, 120, 163, 164, 

243. * 
Hensley, 262. 
"Hereford,'* 90. 
Herndon, 243, 249. 
Herrick, 63. 
Hewlett, 167. 
Hicks, 26, 280. 
Higdon, 189. 
Higgins, 189, 243. 
Higginson, 176. 

Hill, 30, 97, 162, 180, 243, 250. 261. 
Hilliard, 82, 243. 
Hillsman, 260. 
Hix, 34. 
Hobbs, 44. 
Hodgison, 265. 
Hooe, 243. 
Hog Island, 82. 
Holcombe, 247, 255, 256. 
Holcourt, 249. 
Hclden, 243. 
Holland, 122, 243, 256. 
Holleman, 243. 
Holliday, 243. 

Holman, 24, 26, 118. 119, 252. 
Holme, 24. 
Holmwood, 47. 
Homer (Hoomer), 65, 69. 
Hope, 71. 

Hopkins, 24, 25, 230, 231. 243. 
Hopson, 203. 
Hord, 117. 
Hore, 193, 194. 
Hor rocks, 135. 
Horner, 192. 
Horsay, 246. 

Homsby, 15. 19, 206, 208. 
Horseley, 128. 
Horton, 186. 

Houchinf* (HnrhinaK 114, 110, 110. 
Howard, 133, 243, 279. 
Howe, 18. 
Huxton, 243. 
Hubbard, 123. 

Huberd (Hubberd). 176, 243, 282. 
Hudgins, 243. 
Hudson. 31. 220. 258, 261. 
Hughes, 28. 31, 32, 33. 117, 110. 122, 

243, 240. 
Hu?hlett. 243. 
Hull. 179. 
Hundly (Hundley, Hunlev). 07. 218. 

257, 263. 
Hunt, 70, 283. 

Hunter, 101, 124, 120. 198. 214. 243. 
Hurt. 116, 117, 118. 243. 
Hutcherson, 250. 261. 

Digitized by 




Hutchings, 209. 

Hutaon, 34. 

Hutt, 175, 184, 185, 190, 191. 

Inge, 260. 

Ingle, 192. 

InniB, 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 134, 

Isabel, 33, 120. 
Issot, 47. 

Jackson, 49, 226, 233, 243, 260, 263. 
Jacob, 243. 

James, 71, 127, 129, 214, 243. 
Jameson, 243. 
Jamestown, 35, 39, 41, 55, 79, 80, 82, 

131. 175, 189, 196, 216, 223, 234, 

Jamison, 27, 
Jarrett, 25, 196. 
Jarvis (Jervis), 65, 56, 94, 95, 96, 97, 

98 99. 
Jeflferson, 36, 113, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 

161, 162, 226, 251. 
Jeffries, 68. 
Jenkins, 24, 43. 
Jennings, 48. 
Jerrat, 31. 

Jeter, 266, 260, 261, 262, 263. 
Jodrill, 48. 
Johns, 261. 
Johnson. 26, 28, 30, 31, 32. 33, 34, 35. 

36, 51, 60, 64, 114, 117, 119, 120, 121. 

122, 123, 181, 199, 243, 250, 251, 

254, 256, 259, 268. 
Johnston, 32, 45, 115, 211, 243, 272. 
Jolley, 258, 269. 
Jones, 1, 6, 17, 18, 19, 71, 78, 79, 81, 82, 

134, 135, 137, 139, 140, 142, 185, 

190, 194, 196, 197, 203, 208, 213, 

235, 244, 246, 256, 267, 268, 259, 

260, 261, 262, 263, 281. 
Jonson, 63. 
Jordan, 26, 28, 30, 119, 127, 192, 193. 

244, 267. 
Jordan's Point, 77. 
Joyner. 189. 
Kane, 46. 
Keith, 92, 272. 
Kearby (Kerby, Kirby), 51. 
Keffer, 244. 
Kellam, 244. 
Kelly, 129-131. 
KeW, 68. 69. 
Kemp (Kempe), 9, 49. 
Kennedy, 244. 
Kennon, 45, 46, 87, 88, 93. 
Kent, 31. 
Ker, 116. 
Kidd. 262. 

King, 244, 246, 280. 

King's Cre^, 36. 

Kingston Parish Register, 93-99. 

Kirk, 244. 

Kirkland, 263. 

Kirkmati, 128. 

Kittman, 281. 

Knight, 266, 258. 

Knolling, 120. 

Knuckles, 251. 

Krozer, 244. 

I^cy, 26, 31, 244. 

Ladd, 282. 

Lafong, 3. 

La Force (Laforce, Laferoe), 26, 35, 36, 

Lamb, 13. 
Lambeth, 244. 
Lanier, 77-79, 244. 
Laprade, 30, 119, 120, 121. 
Lapur, 23. 
Laughlin, 124. 
Laurie, 122. 
I^w, 178. 

Lawne*s Creek, 47, 80. 
Lawson, 201, 202. 
T^ydon or Layton, 39. 
T^atherbury, 244. 
IjC Cato 244. 
Lee, 17,' 19. 25, 32. 90, 175, 187, 188, 

208. 209, 244, 274. 
Leigh, 263. 

Leek (Leeke), 26, 30, 182. 
Le Neve, 49. 
Le Roys, 196. 
T^tcher. 29. 
"Level Green," 126. 
Lewis. 19. 24. 26, 27. 28, 29, 31, 32, 

33. 35, 36, 86, 87, 114, 117, 118, 

120, 121, 123, 228, 164, 211, 244, 

246, 247. 
Liberty Hall, 46. 
Lightfoot, 48, 222. 
Lifron, 46, 128, 260. 
Lilly, 98. 

Lincoln, 45, 73, 133, 169. 
Lindsay, 33, 251. 
Lifter, 47. 
Lisson, 178, 179. 
Little, 70. 
Littlepa(?e, 167. 
Tx)b9, 41. 
Ijoftis, 28. 
Logan, 87. 
Lloyd, 136. 
Lomax, 26. 80. 244. 
Long, .32. 197. 244. 

Digitized by 



Lord, 176, 178, 179, 180, 182, 186, 188, 

Loneing, 181. 
Love, 244. 
Lovejoy, 198. 
Lovett, 244. 
Lowe, 80, 195, 196. 
Lower Norfolk County Antiquary, 214. 
Ludlow, 40, 60, 176. 
Ludwell, 47, 80, 179, 180, 183, 202. 
Lund, 282. 
Lynn, 248. 
Lyon, 73, 75, 77. 
Mabry, 280. 
Machen, 99. 

Machodoc (Machotick), 176, 188. 
Mackall, 244. 
Machis, 78. 

Macon, 100, 122, 161, 183, 260. 
Madison, 1, 6, 26, 140, 141, 142, 164, 

166, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 

172, 173, 174, 247, 264, 266, 267, 

268, 269. 
Maddi9on, 260. 
Maddox, 26. 
Madra, 260. 
Mahone, 248. 
Mainyard, 263. 
Mallory, 32, 236. 
Malvern Hill, 126. 
Manfield (Mansfield), 79, 196. 
Man^m, 200. 
Manly, 189. 

Matin, 120, 121, 266, 269, 260. 
Manson, 127, 244. 
Mapp, 244. 

Margaret and John^ The, 234. 
Markham, 29, 116. 
Marsden, 244. 

Marshall, 30, 61, 62, 173, 244. 
T^arsteller 244 
Martin, 25, 26*. 28, 29. 30, 31, 68, 114, 

117, 119, 121, 196, 200, 244, 247, 249. 
Martin's Hundred, 61. 
Marye, 204. 
Mason. 31, 42, 78, 183, 187, 214, 244, 

Massie, 26, 29, 31, 116, 118. 119, 120, 

121, 122, 126-129, 244, 262. 
Matthews. 123, 124, 234. 
Maurv. 203. 
May, 173, 244. 
Mayes, 258. 

May Flower, The, 90, 176, 190. 
Mayo. 35, 46, 68, 63, 97, 118, 119, 120, 

McBride, 35. 114, 118. 
McCandlish. 38. 

McCardy, 198. 

MeCarr, 259. 

McCarthy, 187. 

McCawe (McCaw), 116, 117, 126. 

McClurg, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173. 

McCrowly, 199. 

McCulloch, 128. 

McDowell, 244. 

McGary, 244. 

McGaw, 119. 

McKaw, 244. 

McKay, 244. 

McLaurin, 262. 

McMechen, 244. 

McQuinn, 244. 

MoSherry, 244. 

Mead (Meade), 33, 64, 129, 168. 

Meador, 264. 

Meadows, 267. 

Meed, 254. 

Merritt, 244. 

Meriwether (Merri wether), 27, 29, 30, 

33, 34, 66, 66, 122, 123, 250, 266. 
Merry 68. 

Michaux (Micheaux), 28, 247, 249. 
Michen, 98. 

Middlesex Parish Vestry Book, 212. 
Millar, 142, 166. 
Miller, 26, 30, 34, 36, 36, 77, 117, 118, 

119, 120, 121, 122, 136, 212. 
Miles, 281. 
Milner, 86. 
Mills, 122. 

Minn, 29, 36, 114, 118, 119. 
Minge, 280-282, 283. 
Minns, 27. 
Minor, 34, 120, 121, 123, 244, 249, 250, 

Mitchell* (Mitchel), 29, 118, 122, 198, 

210, 244, 263. 
Mohecan Indians (Mokekan, Moketan), 

240, 241. 
Moles, 244. 
Moncure, 61, 62. 
Monitor, The, 64. 
Monroe, 1, 6, 133, 176, 181, 187, 192-195, 

Mooney, 114. 
Montgomery, 210. 
Montville. 99. 
Moracet, 26. 

Moore (More), 32, 70, 128, 244. 
Morgan, 35, 36. 114, 116, 116, 118, 133. 

185, 196, 244. 
MormaH, 247, 248. 

Morris, 33. 211, 244, 268, 259. 263, 264. 
Morrison (Moryson), 45, 48, 180. 

Digitized by 



Morton, 27, 28, 30, 32, 36. 116, 117. 118, 
120, 121, 186, 246, 248, 250. 

Mo88, 27, 29, 31, 36, 113, 114, 116, 117. 

Mount Pleasant, 87. 

Mount Vernon, 134. 

Moxley, 92. 

Mulberry Island, 61, 52. 

Mullens, 27. 

Munford, 261. 

Murray, 262. 

Muse, 19, 208, 273. 

Mutler, 26. 

Napier, 28, 31, 115, 116, 117, 118, 252. 

Naah, 196. 

Nansemond, 181, 182. 

Neale (Neal), 130, 188, 189, 256, 260, 
262, 263. 

Neason, 235. 

Neblitt (Niblett), 244. 

Neck of Land, 216. 

Needham, 202. 

Nelms, 246. 

Nelson, 7, 42, 46, 57, 64, 82, 122, 125, 
222, 244, 246, 250, 252, 254, 282. 

Netherland, 115. 

Neville, 28. 

Nevitt, 244. 

Newman, 264. 

Newport News, 52. 

Newton, 122, 251. 

Nicholas, 187, 189. 

NichoUs (Nichols), 28, 115. 

Nicholson (Nicolson), 63, 64, 122, 128. 

Nicks, 246. 

Noble, 264. 

Nominy, 175, 188. 

Norris, 244. 

Northern Neck, 100, 175, 195. 

Norvil, 30. 

Nottingham, 244. 

Nottoway Foundation, 165. 

Ndttoway Quarter, 165. 

Offley, 49. 

Ogden, 196. 

Oldis, 195. 

Orchard Run, 79. 

Orrick, 90, 271. 

Osborn, 244. 

Orvil, 211. 

Oulten, 244. 

Overton, 69, 121, 257, 261. 

Owens, 244. 

Oyster-Banks, 143. 

Pace, 27, 33, 114, 115, 116, 117, 119. 

Page, 7, 25, 27, 64. 

Pallen, 244. 

Palmer, 70, 95, 97, 98. 

Parin, 121. 

Parker, 33, 92, 187, 210, 244, 250, 251, 

Parkhili; 60, 63. 
Parks, 100. 
Patteson, 203. 
Patterson, 35, 244. 
Patillo, 244. 
Patton, 244. 
"Paul" The, 83. 
Parkelsham Parish^ 83. 
Pattie, 244. 

"Pawnee Scare,'* 54-56. 
Payne, 24, 25, 27, 28, 113, 115, 116, 117, 

118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 130, 251, 

Peace, 26, 30, 31, 32. 
Peachy, 226, 229, 263. 
Peak (Peake),28, 244. 
Pearson, 279. 
"Pear Tree" Hall, 52, 63. 
Peebles, 269. 
Pegrata, 168. 

Peirce, 117, 142, 179, 186, 189, 269. 
Peirson, 195. 

Pendleton, 28, 65, 66, 67, 244. 
Penn, 87. 
Pensax, 184. 
Perkins, 29, 118. 
Perkinson, 260. 
Perierl, 30. 

Perry, 80, 179, 180, 196. 
Peter, 46. 
Pettus, 176, 180. 

Peyton, 97, 98, 123, 175, 179, 261. 
Phelps, 200. 
Phillips, 33, 256. 
Pickett, 92, 271. 
Pierce, 89, 271. 
Pierson (Pearson), 47. 
Pigott (Piggott), 21, 22. 
Piller, 258. 
Pinkinton, 260. 
Pipsico, 80, 81. 
Place, 49. 
Plaster, 244. 

Pleasants, 30, 31, 33, 128. 
Pledge, 31, 122. 
Plummer, 98, 99, 124. 
Pocahontas, 39. 

Poindexter, 32, 33, 122, 244, 250, 251. 
Polk, 197. 

Pollard, 25, 27, 28, 32, 64-69, 252, 263. 
Pollock, 202. 

Pope, 31, 175, 187, 188, 189. 
Pope's Cr. 83, 187. 
Poor, 120. 
Porter, 32. 
Port Mayo, 68. 

Digitized by 




Posey, 18. 

Potomack Indian town, 188. 

Pott, 48. 

Powell, 269. 

Power, 48, 81, 96, 210. 

Powers, 30. 

Powhatan, 39. 

Powis, 119. 

Prescott, 41. 

Price, 30, 97, 113, 116, 118, 119, 121, 122, 

123, 244. 
Pride, 261. 
Princeton The, 46. 
Proctor, 39, 262. 
Prosser, 244. 
Pryor, 26. 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 36, 

69, 113, 114, 116, 116, 117, 122, 249, 

250, 252, 261. 
Pumphrey (Pomphrey), 244. 
Purdie, 20, 123, 244. 
Purleigh, 83. 
Quarles, 34, 121. 

Quissenbury (Quisenbury), 33, 261. 
Rabley, 177. 
Radford, 27, 120. 
Ragland, 255. 
Raglin, 26. 
Railey, 118, 260. 
Raine, 247. 
Raleigh Tavern, 53. 
Raley, 34. 
Ramsay, 252. 
Randolph, 3, 11, 13, 25, 27, 34, 36, 53, 

87, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 

120, 121, 238, 262, 266, 257. 
Rankin, 86. 
Ran«dall (Ransdell), 192, 270, 271, 272, 

Ransone, 93, 94, 96, 96, 97, 98, 99, 175. 
Rawle, 87. 
Raymond, 42. 
Reade (Read, Reed), 60, 94, 96, 96, 97, 

98, 99, 179, 211, 246, 262. 
Really, 36, 116. 
Reavis, 43. 
Reese, 200. 
Reynolds, 246. 
Rhodes, 249. 

Rice, 30, 31, 116, 117, 129. 
Richardson, 29, 30, 114, 116, 116, 117, 

118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 250. 
Richerson, 27. 
Ridgway, 225. 
Riddle, 265. 
Ridley, 82. 
Rind, 101. 
Rinds, 59. 
Ringgold, 178. 
Rinker, 269. 

Rixey, 272. 

Roach, 269, 260. 

Robards, 30, 32, 114, 120. 

Robb, 245. 

Roberts, 26, 30, 36, 68, 59, 257. 

Robertson, 59, 213, 246, 269 260, 261, 

262, 263. 
Robin, 19. 
Robins, 68, 245. 
Robineon, 33, 68, 87, 96, 122, 161, 245, 

260, 251, 263. 
Rochford hundred, 83. 
Rocketts, 69. 
"Rock Hill," 204. 
"Rock Spring," 90. 
Roe, 192. 
Rodgers, 256. 

l^ogers, 25, 34, 66, 130, 245. 
Rolfe, 39. 
Roper, 280. 
Rose, 33, 126, 245. 
"Rosegill," 64. 
Rosier, 189. 

Ross, (Rosse), 43, 186. 
Rountree, 29. 
Row, 250. 
"Row," the, 281. 
Rowan, 55, 246. 
Rowland, 212. 
Rowzee, 245. 
Roy, 67. 
Royal 1, 263. 
Rucker, 264. 
Ruffin, 81, 87, 88. 
Rusk, 42. 
Ryan, 115. 116. 
Sadler, 268. 
Sallard, 257. 
Salle, 25. 

"Salisbury Park," 175. 
Sampson, 24, 30, 264. 
Sandy», 37, 40, 49. 
Sansum, 33, 250. 
Sapony Indian Town, 236. 
Saunders, 34, 116, 120, 140, 245, 267. 
Saxon's Goal, 52. 
Scott, 25, 56, 262. 
Sears, 124. 
Sea ton, 96. 
Seawell, 82, 280. 
Seay, 261, 262, 263. 
Selden (Seldon), 82, 245. 
Senepuxon, 144. 
Seward, 227. 
Sewell, 198, 246. 
Shackleford, 124. 
Shands, 281. 
Sharpe, 191. 
Sheeley, 130. 

Digitized by 



Shelton, 32, 114. 

Sheppard, 69. 

Sherman, 187. 

Sherwill, 257. 

Sherwood, 189, 196. 

Shields, 281. 

Shoemaker, 26. 

Shore, 258. 

Silver, 245. 

Simkins, 245. 

Sims, 27. 

Sinclair, 87. 

Singleton, 94, 95, 97, 98, 183. 

Skelton, 119. 

Slaughter, 32, 34, 92. 

Smith, 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 17, 24, 
26, 28, 29, 30, 33, 36, 36, 60, 87, 
94, 97, 98, 99, 113, 119, 120, 122, 
124, 128, 132, 142, 181, 195, 208, 
211, 212, 246, 247, 249, 251, 252, 
271, 272. 

Smithfield, 149. 

Snead, 31, 128. 

Snodgrass, 245. 

Snowden, 90. 

Snow-Hill, 144, 153. 

Snyder, 245. 

Southall, 114, 251, 256. 

Speke, 175, 191. 

Spence, 187, 192. 

Spencer, 60, 176, 186. 

Spiller, 174. 

Spilman, 272. 

Spindle, 246. 

Spotwood, 70, 114, 119, 204, 205. 

Sprowle, 19, 209. 

Squires, 199. 

St. Andrew's Parish, 43, 280. 

St. James Northam Parish, 24, 26, 113- 

St. James Northam Parish, Register of, 

St. Martin's Parish, 26, 28. 

St. Paul's Parish, 211. 

St. Peter's Parish, 126. 

St. Peter's Parish, Register of, 126. 

St. Stephen's Parish Register, 92, 126. 

Stamp, 25, 35. 

Stonard, 213. 

Stanley, 128. 

Stark (Starke), 34, 35, 113, 164. 

"Starving Time," 39. 

Steel (Steele), 182, 183, 189, 245. 

Steger, 255. 

Stephens, 33. 

Stephenson, 27, 245. 

Steptoe, 1, 5, 7, 9, 92, 128, 168, 245. 

Sterum, 264. 

Stevens, 124 ,251. 

Stewart, 245. 

Stillman, 245. 

SUth, 269. 

Stogdill, 328. 

Stokes, 26. 

Stone, 245. 

Storke, 175, 180, 187. 

Stout, 245. 

Stratton, 261. 

Street, 162. 

Stringfellow. 63, 64. 

Stringer, 258. 

Strong, 203. 

Strother, 193. 

Stuart, 89, 164, 167. 

Sturman, 175, 191, 192, 273. 

Sumner, 195. 

Sunken Marsh, 79. 

Susanna, the, 185, 190. 

Swann, 180, 195. 

"Sweet Springs," 52. 

Swinton, 167. 

Sydnor, 116, 120, 123, 263. 

Sylvester, 79. 

Syms, 268. 

Tabb 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 124, 257, 258, 

260, 261. 
Taliaferro, 45 84, 88, 122, 129, 171, 245. 
Tally, 246, 260. 
Tanner, 195, 255, 257. 
Tarleton, 75, 77, 133. 
Tarry, 260. 
Tate, 260. 
Tatera town, 237. 
Tayloe, 208. 
Taylor, 25, 29, 46, 65, 66, 84, 85, 86, 11. 5 

116, 117, 120, 176, 203, 245. 
Tazewell, 85. 
Teacle, 246. 
Temple, 69, 245, 278. 
Templeman, 245, 271. 
Terrell, 249, 260, 251. 
Terrill (Terril), 32, 115, 120, 121, 123. 
Terrel, 246. 
Terry, 32, 123. 
Terwhitt, 181. 
Tew, 188. 189. 
Thacker, 49, 212. 
Thomas, 45, 69, 97, 190, 245, 246, 249, 

Thompson, 35, 88, 173, 245, 260. 261. 

263. ' 

Thomson, 33, 35, 120, 123, 250, 251. 
Thornton, 67. 88, 98, 114, 245. 
Thoroughgood, 49. 
"Three Springs," 127. 
Throckmorton, 49. 
Throgmorton, 98. 
Thurman, 27, 113. 

Digitized by 



Thunnond, 36, 114. 

Tilden, 245. 

Tilman (Tilmon), 26, 178, 252. 

Todd, 67, 120, 252. 

Tolliver, 116. 

Tompkins, 85, 86, 97, 246. 

Tony, 31. 

Toteras, 241. 

Totuskey, 209. 

Tow, 259. 

Towles, 121, 123, 210. 

Townea, 257, 262. 

Townsend, 183. 

Toye, 97. 

Travers, 190. 

Traylor, 24. 

Trent, 25. 

Trice, 33. 

Trigg, 127. 

Ischarner, 202. 

Tuberville, 190. 

Tuckahoe, 113, 252. 

Tucker, 19, 183, 184, 263. 

Tucker's Mills, 209. 

Tunstall, 128. 

Turkey Island, 126. 

Turnbull, 42. 

Turner, 32, 67, 252, 257, 272. 

Turpin, 116. 

Tutt, 245. 

'iMer, 38, 41, 42, 45, 55, 56, 190, 194, 
196, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 282. 

Tyrell (Tyrel), 34,254. 

Tyrrhill, 251. 

Tyron, 196. 

Underwood, 25, 29, 31, 65, 66, 115, 116, 
117, 120, 121, 122, 123, 189, 250, 251. 

Upsher, 42, 45. 

Upshur, 229, 230. 

Utie, 37. 

Vaden, 258, 260. 

Van Bibber, 245. 

Vandeval, 114. 

Vaughan (Vaughn), 30, 210, 255, 258. 

Vaulx, 187. 

Veitch, 245. 

Veil, 198. 

Venable, 21-24, 246, 249. 

Vernon, 21, 22, 23. 

Virginia Qazette, 64, 80, 86, 101, 123, 
124, 129, 131, 159, 161, 162, 203. ^ 

Virginia Magazine of History and Bio- 
graphy, 49, 50, 79, 81, 195, 196, 282. 

Vivion (Vivian), 211, 212. 
Wa;de, 31. 

Waddell, 3, 11, 13. 

Waddy, 33. 
Wadley, 28, 29, 113. 
Wagstaff, 33. 

Waite, 245. 

Wales, 26. 

Walker, 26, 29, 30, 68, 69, 114, 181, 226, 
245, 262. > » . » 

Wall, 44. 

Wallace, 49, 196. 

Waller, 38, 96, 126, 127, 245. 

Walm (Wain), 87. 

Walthall, 251, 258, 260. 

Walton, 26, 256, 259, 279-280. 

Ward, 40, 71-72, 256. 

Ware, 27. 

Warran, 119. 

Warren, 210, 245, 272. 

Waring, 245. 

Warner, 83-84, 179. 

"Warner Hall," or **Warners," 83. 84. 

Warrin, 27. 

Warwick, 127. 

Warwick's Warehouse (Rockett's Wate- 
house), 58. 

Washington, 46, 48, 74, 78, 79, 83, 84, 
90, 98, 132-134, 163, 175, 176, 180, 
181, 182, 186, 187, 193, 204, 205, 
213, 272. 

Waters, 64, 186. 

Watkins, 57, 65, 114, 116, 119, 122, 248, 

Watson, 27, 245. 

Watts, 193, 254. 

Waugh, 182, 183, 189, 190. 

Webb, 25, 181. 

Webster, 196, 259, 260, 262. 

Weeden, 262. 

Welcome, the, 87. 

Wellford, 245. 

Wescombe, 177, 184. 

Wesley, 252. 

West, 37, 181, 182. 

Westminster Hall, 147. 

Westmoreland County Records, 175, 176. 

We»tover, 47, 198. 

Westrope, 40. 

Weyanoke, 281. 

Whetstone, 183, 189. 

Whiston, 179. 

Whit, 185. 

Whitaker, 211. 

White, 1, 4, 7, 9, 98, 131, 132, 134, 140, 

180, 181, 185, 231, 245. 
Whitfield, 252. 
Whitehead, 245. 

Whiting, 95, 96, 97, 98, 123, 124. 
Whittington, 212. 
Whitelock (Whitlock), 25, 35, 69. 
Whitloe, 28. 
Wiat, 97. 

Wickliffe (Wickliff), 42, 182, 187, 189, 
227, 228. 

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Wickham, 245. 

WilkiM, 42. 

Willeford, 198. 

William (?), 189. 

WiUiams, 25, 29, 34, 35, 36, 46, 80, 245, 
257, 258, 260. 

Williamsburg (Middle Plantation), 38, 
43, 48, 53, 64, 55, 56, 64, 71, 85, 
92, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 
107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 
157, 162, 164, 174, 202, 203, 222, 
223, 225, 226, 229. 

William and Mary College, 1-14, 56, 87, 
125, 127, 131, 132, 134-142, 157, 164- 
174, 195, 214, 226, 229, 264-269, 

Williamson, 263. 

Willis, 82, 124, 125. 

Willison, 262, 263, 282. 

Wills, 31, 34, 35, 36, 123, 253, 258. 

Wilson, 3, 13, 66, 127, 130, 131, 137, 138, 
166, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 214, 
245, 252, 259. 

Wiltshire, 209. 

Winder, 93. 

Winfree, 258, 259. 

Wingate, 50. 

Wingfield, 28, 40. 

Wingo, 258, 264. 

Wingoe, 259, 261. 

Winslow, 252. 

Winston, 30, 66, 69, 168, 250, 261. 

Winthrop, 231, 234. 

Wirt, 226. 

Wise, 245. 

Withers, 127, 165. 

Woma«k, 35, 247. 

Wood, 24, 31, 35, 36, 113, 114, 115, 116, 

117, 119, 120, 121, 198, 234, 235, 236, 

240, 241, 251. 
Woodbridge, 64. 
Woodhouse, 50, 214. 
Woodley, 245, 254. 
Woodlief, 77. 
Woodson, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 35, 

36, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 

120, 121, 122, 123, 203, 247, 249, 

250, 252, 279. 
Woodruffe, 250. 
Woodward, 26, 34, 245. 
Wormeley, 37, 50, 64. 
Worsham, 259, 262, 263. 
Wren (Wrenn), 46, 246. 
Wright, 40, 186, 200, 246. 
Wyatt (Wiatt, Wiat), 39, 48, 128, 187, 

Wyche, 42-45. 
Wynne, 51. 

Wythe, 92, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 
264, 265, 267, 268, 269. 

Yancey 127, 249. 

Yarrell, 185. 

Yates, 1, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 139. 

Yorktown, 36, 37, 64, 73, 74, 80, 81, 

85, 87, 125, 126, 212, 213, 222. 
York County, 216, 221, 223, 269, 281, 
Youlle (Youell),186, 187. 
Young, 58, 191, 245, 256. 
Zachary, 260. 

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,< >>■■■ 


\ ' ■ 

^ AUG 9 1906 '■ 

J«Iy, 1906. 

Willam anb /Iftarv 

College (auatterlie 

ibtetojrtcal iflDagasine, 

prcfiMnt of VAillUim anb fl^art Coflcoe. 

tniiUiam and Aaq^ CoUede» Willlam0()uta, t>a. 

CopB or tbl0 IRumber, $1-00. $3.00 per 13car. 

[Entered bm second-class matter at the Post Office in WilUambur^.s] 

Digitized by. VjOOQlC 

William and flary College 

Qfiarterly Historical riaga^fnc 

Vol, XV. JULY, 1906. No. 1 


' Pa^ee. 

1. Journal of the President and Masters of William and Mary 

* College (continued ) 1-14 

2. Diary of Col. Landon Carter (continued) 15-20 

3. Tbe Venable Line (continued) 21-24 

4^ Register of 8t. James Northam Parish, QoOohland County 

(continued) 24-35 

5. Efellfield , , . . - 36-39 

6. Herfones of Virginia ...,....;: %...... 3941 

7. Convention of Texas, 1845 > .... 41-42 

8. Wyche Family (continued) 42-45 

9. Kennon Fatnf ly (concluded) 45-46 

10. Virginia Families Connecting with English Pedigrees (con- 

tinued) 47^0 

11. Reminiscences 51-54 

12. The Pawnee 54-56 

13* Extracts from Diary of Charles Copland (concluded) 57-64 

14. The Pollard Family ; 64-69 

15. historical and Genealogical Notes . .. 70-72 

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4 Digitized by VjOOQ iC 




to a 


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TKntlliam anb Abat^ CoUede 

Gluarterli^ Diatorical fl>ada3ine 

Vol. XV. JULY, 1906. No. 1. 


(Continued from Vol. XIV., 246.) 

William and Mary Colltge, May 27"', 1775. 

James Innis, William Tates, Joseph Eggleston, 

John White, William Steptoe, Thomas Evans, y Compl.*» 

Oranville Smith, and James Monroe. 


Maria Digges. v Def.* 

To ilie Hon."* & Bev :^ the Commissary, Emanuel Jones, John 
Dixon, Samuel Henley, Thomas Gwatkin, & James Madison. 
Professors of the College of William and Mary : 
The humble Petition of the ushers & students of the s.^ Col- 


That your Petitioners are all of them most sincerely interested 
in the Welfare of this College, as they conceive that the Pros- 
perity & success of it is an object of the greatest Importance to 
their Country. 

Art : 1.^ That your Petitioners are much grieved & exceed- 
ingly sorry to observe the repeated Acts of Extravagance, Par- 
tidity & unwarrantable Insolence, as well as the grossest Neglect 
of Duty in the Mistress of the College. 

Art: 2.^ That she has kept a sumptuous Table at Hie very 
time that the Provisions in the Hall were scarce & intolerably 

Digitized by 


2 William and Mart Collbgb Quartbblt. 

is a fact too notorious to be den/d — ^Her Partiality to her 
Brother in indulging him in all the Delicacies & conveniences 
of the College is well known — ^It can be proved too tiiat he has 
part of the public Stores^ such as Candles. 


Art: 3.^ That not contented with a prodigal Consumption 
of Provisions within the Walls of the College, she has been de- 
tected in sending Vegetables, Meat, and other Articles out of 
the College to the People of the Town. 

Art : 4.*^ That she has intrusted the Keys of the Store Boom 
to the Slaves to which they have been seen to have free Ingress 
& Egress. 

Art: 5.*^ That she has often interposed in the Affairs of ihe 
College not at all appertaining to her Province. 

Art: 6.*^ That she has more than once unprovoked treated 
the Gentlemen of the College with scurrilous Language, and by 
malevolent & unjust Insinuations promoted Discord among the 
Eesidents of it. — Besides which too she claims so uncontroulable 
a Power over the Domesticks as often from no other Motive 
than Caprice to prohibit the Ushers and Students from having 
one to perform the most necessary OflSces. 

Art: 7.*^ That the Losses in the Laundrey have been par- 
ticularly great since Miss Digges' Management, and for which 
no Eemedy can be obtained. 

Art: 8.*^ That the Boys have been often neglected when sick 
& that the Nurse appointed to tend on sick persons has been 
emplo/d in performing the Duties of the Mistress herself, in 
Neglect of her own proper Duty. 


Art : 9.*^ That the Mistress did of her own power only hire 
and appoint a Woman to oflSciate in the OflSce of a Cook without 
any special Order from the Society for that purpose, & that she 
has supported the said Woman in the most contumelious Be- 
haviour almost to the whole College. 

Under all these disagreeable Circumstances your Petitioners 
sincerely lamenting the deplorable State to which the College 
must be reduced by a longer Toleration of such enormous Prac- 

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tices^ which have already created a general Murmur ft Discon- 
tent tiironghont ilie Collie, thought it would be highly proper 
ft strictly their Duty to apply to you the Guardians ft Protectors 
of the College to lay a State of their present Grievances before 
you & pray that the Causes of them may be removed. They 
llierefore beg you would take the Premises under your imme- 
diate Consideration^ ft direct that your Petitioners with their 
Witnesses may be heard in support of their Allegations. 

After mature Consideration of the above Allegations^ the 
President ft Professors agreed that the Ushers ft Students should 
be severally sent for to hear what they had to say in Support 
thereof. The following is a true Copy taken down immediately 
in their own words. 

Mr. Innis. 

Art: 1st. Knows nothing about it. 

Art: 2nd. Does not know whether it was the provisions of 
the College, but supposes it was. Has frequently seen a Variety 
of Dishes carr/d into Miss Digges's Boom. 

Art: 3rd. Has seen Meat carry'd to Lafong^s more than a 
Year ago by a N"egro-Boy. 

Art: 4th. Has frequently seen it and lately. 

Art : 5th. Miss Digges never meddled with him. 

Art: 6th. Says notiiing to the first part. To the latter part 
affirms that Servants cannot be had to clean his Booms : in par- 
ticular a Boy was wanting last Summer upon Business. 

Art : 7th. Affirms he has received considerable Loss, such as 
shirts. Stocks, etc. 

Art : 8th. Has received frequent Messages from the Boys for 
Tea etc. 

Has seen John Waddell & Bob.* Bandolph n^lected a year 

Art: 9th. Was informed Mrs. Smith abused him before Mr. 

Digitized by 


4 William and Mary Collbgb Quabtbrlt. 

Mr. Yates. 

Art : Ist. Miss Digges treated him ill at Mr» Gommissary^s. 

2nd. To the first part says nothing. Heard a Negro-Boy 
ask for Candles for Ned Digges. A Woman answered, One 
would do for him. 

drd. Says Nothing. 

4th. Has seen the Keys entrusted to N^oes frequently. 

5th. Says nothing. 

6th. Miss Digges once treated him amiss in the Passage. 

7tlL Says Nothing. 


8th. The little Boys have frequently sent to Mr. Innis & 
himself for Tea. 

Art: 9th. Says Nothing. 

Mr. Eggleston. 

Art: 1st Says Miss Digges always behaved with Complis- 
ance ft Politeness to him. 

Art. 2nd. Has seen a great Variety of Dishes in Miss 
Digges's Boom but not lately. 

Art. 3d. Says Nothing. 

Art: 4th. Has sometimes seen the Servants without any 
white person with them. 

Art : 6th. Says Nothing. 

Art: 6th. Knows Nothing. 

Art: 7th. Has lost something before & since Miss Digges's 
time, is not regular in sending them. 

Art: 8th. Has always had what he wanted when sick. 

Art: 9th. Knows nothing relative to this Article, except that 
coming into the hall after Dinner, Mrs. Smith treated him with 

Mr. White. 

Art: 1st Says Nothing. 

2nd. Has nothing to say to Miss Digges's keeping a sump- 
tuous Table: but her dinners have been good, when the HaU- 

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Mbbtings of Prbsidbnts and Mastbrs, Etc. 6 

Dinners have been bad: Says Ned Digges has had Suppers & 
Dinners. And that he himself has had the same out of Coll^ 
Bules; knows nothing more. 

dd. Saw a Oirl go to Miss Digges's House with something 

4th. Has seen Slaves go into the Store-Boom frequently. 

5th. Knows nothing about it. 

6th. Knows Nothing. 

7th. Knows Nothing. 

8th. Knows Nothing. 

9th. Mrs. Smith gave him ill Language upon which he com- 
plained to Miss Digges. 


Mr. Steptoe. 

Art: 1st. Has never heard any remarkable Insolence towards 
himself. Miss Digges has behaved with Civility to him. 

Art: 2d. Has seen sumptuous Dinners carried into Miss 
Digges's Boom, knows not whether by any Professor's Order. 
The Boys have lately had more and better meat than (formerly. 
Ned Digges has frequently dined in Miss Digges's Boom as he 
conjectures from not seeing him in the Hall. Knows nothing 
of his having any Public-Stores or Candles. Has received In- 
dulgencies from Miss Digges out of Course. 

Art: 2d. Bjiows Nothin about it. 

Art : 4th. Has seen Servants in the Store-Boom. 

Art: 5th. Knows Nothing about it. 

Art: 6th. Knows nothing about the first part. But has 
wanted a Servant to go down Town, & been unable to get one: 
their excuse being, they were employed by Miss Digges. 

Art: 7th. Knows Nothing. 

Art: 8th. Has been n^lected by Miss Phoebe, when sick, but 
never complained except once about some Broth. 

Art : 9th. Mrs. Smith never was insolent to him. 


Digitized by 


6 William and Maby College Quarterly. 

Mr. Smith. 

Art : 1st. Miss Digges has never ill-treated him. 

2d. Has seen better Meat go into Miss Digges's Boom & in 
greater Variely. Knows nothing about the second and third 
Parts of this Article. 

3rd. Saw Mrs. Good with a Middling of Bacon. 

4th. Knows Nothing about it. 

5th. Knows Nothing about it. 

6th. Knows nothing about the first part. But has appl/d 
to the Servants, who answered they were engaged about College 

7th. Has lost somethings but never apply^d for Eedress : does 
not send his things very regularly. 

8th. In his last Sickness has been treated very well. 

9th. Says he never was ill-treated by Mrs. Smith himself. 
Hath heard other young Gentlemen ill treated byiier. 

Mr. Evans. 

That he was informed by the Petitioners that every Article 
could be supported by the strongest Proofs, but that he himself 
could not, as he told the Petitioners undertake to prove a single 

Mr. Monroe. 

That he never read the Petition, & consequently could not 
undertake to prove a single Article. 

Maria Digges^s Answer. 

To the Hon.*>*® & Beverend the Commissary, Mr. Jones, Mr. 

Dixon, Mr. Henley, Mr. Gwatkin, & Mr. Madison, Professors 

of the College of William & Mary. 

The said Maria Digges saving and reserving to herself all and 
all manner of Advantages from the many errors and imperfec- 
tions contain^ in the Complainants said Bill of Complaint for 
as much thereof as she the said Defendant is advis'd is necessary 
for her to make answer to, answereth and saith, that with r^rd 

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Mbbtings op Pbbsidbnts and Masters, Etc. 7 

to the preliminary Article of the said Bill she doth not know or 
believe that the Complainants are more interested in the Welfare 
of the (242) College than the President and Professors. And 
with regard to the first Article this Defendant saith, She never 
treated any of the Complainants with unwarrantable, or any 
kind of Insolence, nor ever was guilty of any gross or willful 
neglect of Duty since she has been Mistress of the said College. 
And for the truth of her answer to the former part of the said 
Article, she begs leave to refer to the Testimonies of the said 
Complainants. Mr. Innis says, ^^e knows nothing about it.^' 
Mr. Yates indeed asserts, "that she the Defendant us'd him ill 
at the house of the honourable and reverend the Commissary,^' 
but whether this Accusation be true or not, she submits to the 
opinion of the said Mr. Commissary. Mr. Steptoe declares "that 
she the Defendant has treated him with Civility.^* Mr. I^gle- 
ston declares, "the Defendant has always behaved with complis- 
ance and politeness to him." Mr. White says nothing to the said 
Article. Mr. Smith says, "She the Defendant never ill treated 
him." Now this Defendant begs leave to refer it to the con- 
sideration of the said President & Professors whether this article 
suported by the single testimony of Mr. Yates, and which relates 
only to a single fact, and that as she hath reason to believe con- 
tradicted by the testimony of Mr. Commissary be suflBfcient to 
authenticate the charge brought against her of Insolence towards 
the Ushers & Students of the Said Collie. (243) 

2.^y With regard to this Article contained in the Bill of com- 
plaint she the said Defendant denys she did ever at any time 
keep any table she apprehended or believM to be contrary to the 
rules of the said College; but doth admit that when first she 
came to the said College she did entertain the Wife of the Hon- 
ourable Thomas Nelson, the Wife of the Honourable John Page 
and a few more Ladies of Character at Dinner at the College 
expence: but did believe, and was inform^ that provided the 
same was not often repeated, it was no more than what she was 
allowed to do. But this Defendant doth declare that she has 
frequently dined in her room upon cold meat and sometimes 
sent for her Dinners out of the Hall ; and she humbly submits it 

Digitized by 


8 WiLUAH AND Mary GoLLBas Quartbkly. 

to the said President and Professors (who have all occasionally 
dined with her) whether^ when she is directed to provide or dress 
a dinner for any of them the said President & Masters or Pro« 
lessors^ she have any right to refuse them. And this Defendant 
doth absolutely deny her indidging her Brollier in delicacies; 
but doth admit that sometimes from the want of company^ and 
sometimes from a desire of improying her said Brother, she has 
invited him to dine with her, but for rules and directions how 
often she may invite him she is willing and desirous to submit 
herself to the said President and Professors. And this Defwid- 
ant declares that she hath f umish'd him with Candles at his own 
proper expence, and (244) she knows, and positively affirms 
that the Reverend Tho»: Gwatkin has furnished him also with 
Candles for his private Studies. 

*3.^'y This Defendant declares she never gave away any thing 
belonging to the said College except in such of Charity and offices 
of good Neighbourhood as she hath been inform^ and verily be- 
lieves she is allowM by ancient Custom. But for regulations in 
this as well as the other parts of her Conduct she submits herself 
to the said President and Professors. 

4 thiy rphig Defendant denies she ever did interpose in Col- 
lege Matters except in such Matters as nearly concem'd the life 
or welfare of her friends. And this Defendant humbly insists 
that by undertaking her present Office she never resigned any 
right she might enjoy as a Subject of this Country. 

5 thij Tiiig Defendant humbly insists that she never claimed, 
us'd, or exercisM any power over the Servants belonging to the 
said College, save such as has been granted to her by the said 
President and Professors. And this Defendant does insist she 
has always endeavoured to keep the rooms of the Complainants 
in decent and proper order and this Defendant doth insist that 
some of the Complainants, particularly Mr. Innis, by employing 
servants at improper times and Seasons greatly (2'45) retard the 
business of the said CoU^. 

g thiy Thig Defendant dotti insist that no more losses happen 
in the Laundry than may reasonably be expected in so publick a 
place except by the neglect of the (Jentlemen^s sending their 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Pbesidsnts and Mastess^ Etc. 9 

cloaths in due time. But for farther Satisfaction in this par- 
ticular she refers the said President and Professors to the testi- 
monies of Messrs : White^ Eggleston^ Smith, Steptoe and Yates. 

g thij Thig Defendant denies she ever neglected the sick. 
On the contrary always did every thing in her power to serve 
them; for the truth of which she begs leave to appeal to the 
testimonies of the Bev^: Thomas Gwatkin, The Eight Hon- 
ourable Oeorge Lord Fincastle as also that of Mr. Smith, who 
says, ^Tie was treated in his last sickness very well;'' Mr. Eggle- 
ston, who says ^Tie has always had what he wanted when sick;'' 
Mr. White, who denies knowing anything about the matter, and 
even Mr. Steptoe who declares that altho' he was not taken care 
of by Phoebe Dwit the Nurse, he never complain'd of any thing 
to Miss Digges save about some Broth. And this Defendant 
admits that she has when sick, and when Phoebe Dwit was sick 
at the same time, sent a N^ro of approv'd fidelity into the Store 
room; but declares she never made a practice of it, nor in con- 
sequence thereof ever miss'd any of the said Stores. 

9 thiy Tjjig Defendant denies that she ever hir'd any Woman 
without the consent of the President, and declares she never sup- 
ported (246) the said Woman in affronting Behaviour to the 
said Ushers or Students; but that the young Gentleman by 
applying for things in an improper manner and at improper 
times may have drawn some peevish answers from the said 

And this Defendant declares that she has received several 
Presents to a considerable Amount, consisting of Wine, Tea, 
Coffee, Sugar, Turkies, Chickens, Butter, Milk, Eggs, Pickles, 
Ducks, (Jeese and Shelldrakes, etc. from the following Persons, 
but not all the said Articles from each of them. Viz. The Right 
Honourable Charlotte, Countess of Dunmore, George Lord Pin- 
castle, The Bev.^ Thomas Gwatkin, The Bev.^ Samuel Henley, 
Mrs. Camm, Mrs. Burwell, Mrs. Kemp, Mrs. Harris, Mrs. 
Graves, Mrs. Eggleston, Mrs. Dandridge and others ; a great Part 
of which she has appl/d to the use of the said Collie. And this 
Defendant further declares that for a considerable time the sick 
were found in Wine at the proper Costs and Charges of the 
Eev :^ Thomas Gwatkin. 

Digitized by 


10 William and Maey Collbgb Quarterly. 

And lastly this Defendant saith, she hath given the same 
indulgences to the other Students, as to her Brother; and that 
the Charge of giving him Candles rests upon the Evidence of Mr. 
Yates, who does not pretend to assert any thing further, than that 
he heard a N^ro ask for two in Ned Digges^s Name & that his 
Candles and Mr. Yates^s were lodged in the common Storeroom. 
And this Defendant declares, she hath always behaved with all 
the Decorum, Politeness and Humanity in her Power (247) to 
the said Ushers and Students. And this Defendant is now, and 
hath at all times been ready to submit to all the Eegulations of 
the said President and Professors; and she intends when the 
Society have less Business upon hand to petition them for a set 
of Orders concerning the manner in which she must act. And 
as this Answer was drawn up upon very short Notice hopes 
every thing contain^ therein will be interpreted in a favourable 
manner by the said President and Professors. 


Maria Digges. 

The Defendant declares that the Butcher^s Meat she eats, is 
the same with that in the Hall, 


Maria Diggbs. 

Thomas Gwatkin Clerk, Professor of Humanity in the Collie 
of William and Mary, is ready to make Oath to the following 


That Maria Digges, housekeeper of the said Coll^, keeps a 
very frugal Table^ often dining upon cold Meat, or Meat out of 
the Hall, or a Mutton Chop, or a Beef Steake; and that she does 
not entertain Company oftener, or in a better manner than the 
late Mrs, Garrett, or what may reasonably allowed to a Person in 
her Station. — ^that she has receiv'd many Presents of Wine, Tea, 
CoflEee, Turkies, etc. some of (248) which he knows of, and been 
inform^ of others from good Authority, which have as he has 
every reason to believe been frequently appropriated to the Use 
of the said College. — That the Candles usM by her Brother have 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Pebsidbnts and Masters, Etc. 11 

as'he has every reason to believe been found either at his own, or 
the expence of the said Thomas Owatkin. — ^that tne Servants have 
when called npon at improper hours been refused to the Ushers 
etc. at the particular desire of him the said Thomas Gwatkin. — 
that the said Maria Digges hath been remarkably attentive to the 
students and so in an extraordinary Degree to Eobert Eandolph and 
John Waddell as he well remembers. — ^that he has heard, and 
verily believes that Mr. Innis did not send his things to be wash'd 
at a proper tme, and that they are not properly marked which is 
as he believes the Occasion of their being lost — ^that during Mr. 
Yates^s illness he frequently heard the said Maria Digges send to 
him to know what he would have, but has received Information he 
often would not accept anything she oflEer'd him. — ^that during 
Mr. Innis's illness the said Thomas Qwatkin gave up Phoebe to 
take care of him altho^ he was very sick at the same time himself. 
— that Miss Digges has frequently sent the said Mr. Innis Wine 
to put into his Victuals when sick, and Wine and Water, and 
mull'd Wine, and has heard and verily believes, three chickens a 
day. — ^that the said Maria Digges has always behaved with Civil- 
ity (249) to the Students etc. As far as the said Thomas Gwat- 
kin knows & hath heard and verily believes that Mrs. Garrett did 
without censure entertain John Waddell pretty much in the same 
manner as the said Maria Digges does her Brother Edward — ^that 
the said Edward has frequently dined with the said Maria at the 
request of him the said Thomas Gwatkin, and that the said 
Tho» : Gwatkin Hath given the College considerable Quantities of 
Coffee, Tea, and some Wine to endemnify the College from any 
expence which might arise from any favour she might shew to the 
said Edward. And he does believe, and is persuaded the said 
Maria acts with great Impartiality to the Ushers and Students 
and Boys, giving them Suppers etc. out of College rules when 
there be any spare Victuals in larger Quantities and better than 
what she gives the said Edward. — that he was ; present when the 
Dispute happened between the said Maria and Mr. Yates in the 
Passage; thinks both of them talked more necessary, but did not 
as well as he can recollect hear any abusive Language on either 
side. — ^that he believes, and that upon good Grounds that the 

Digitized by 


12 William and Maby College Quabtebly. 

Negroes are not often entmsted with the Keys of the Store room, 
and that the College has received no loss on that account. — that he 
has been inf ormM, and upon his Conscience verily believes that if 
the young Gentlemen have received any abusive Language from 
Mrs. Smithy it arises from their going into the (250) Hall, 
Kitchen etc. and quarrelling with her for things not allowed by 
the College. SignM, 

Thomas Gwatkin. 

The Deposition of Phoebe Dwit. 

Phoebe Dwit declares that M'. Innis during his illness had 
every thing proper for him; and Mr. Owatkin being ill at the 
same time sent for her. Mr. Innis refus'd to let her go, swearing 
by (Jod she should not. To which Mr. Qwatkin for the sake of 
Peace submitted. — ^that Mr. Yates frequently refus'd to accept 
her attendance when sick. — that the Boys have been well 
attended. — ^that Miss Digges' servant to her positive Knowledge 
never went into the Store-room unattended by a white Person, 
except once, when they were both sick, she always following than, 
tho' unknown perhaps to Miss Digges. 


The Mark of 
Phoebe Dwit. 
The Deposition of Mary Smith. 

Mary Smith declares she never abus'd M'. Innis, nor beat his 
Servant ; and that she only sent for Mr. Owatkin when the young 
Gentlemen came into the Hall and demanded Dinner about 3 
^Clock in the afternoon, but did not treat them with Indec^cy. 
And that several of the Young Gentlemen have calFd her Bitch, 
etc. which may have drawn from her hasty, but never insolent 


The Mark of 
Maby Smith. 

We, the President and Professors of the College, having heard 
and fully considered the said Bill of Complaint and examined 

•Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

Meetinos of Pbbsidents and Mastebs^ Etc. 13 

the Evidences brought as well by the said Complainants as by 
the Defendant^ Do unanimously acquit the said Defendant of 
the Charges therein contained and pronounce the said Bill to be 
frivolous, vexatious, and ill supported. And that Mess": Innis 
and Yates be admonished to confine themselves to the Duties of 
their respective OflBces, and not to enter into Combinations with 
the Students for the future, but endeavour by their Example and 
Influence to promote Concord and (251) Harmony in the said 

N". B. — As M"^. Gwatkin had given a Deposition, he declinM 
giving his Vote. 

It is further the Unanimous Opinion of this Meeting that Mr. 
Innis (if the Account of his giving Belief to Waddell and Ean- 
dolph when sick and neglected, as he says by the proper Servants 
be true) did not act right in this Instance, as this Behaviour 
might arise from a Pride in doing himself, what would have 
been done more effectually had a Complaint been made to his 
Superiours. And as this Conduct did not tend to correct the 
Omissions of the proper Servants, & that it is ungenerous to 
bring this Complaint now against the Housekeeper which he 
would not condescend to speak of at the time when it happened 
at least Eighteen Months ago. — this his requiring to dine or sup 
at different times in his own Boom. — that his warm and pas- 
sionate Temper; his Beating & Punishing the Negroes of the 
College when he thinks them in fault which has encouraged 
Students to do the same, and which tends to transfer the Com- 
mand of the said Negroes from the President and Masters to the 
Ushers & Students to the Interruption of the Business of the 
College. — ^his listening to the tittle Tattle (252) of Servants such 
as what Wilson said of M". Smith's abusing him, and what 
Lamb (who has been long dead) said of Miss Digges. — ^his con- 
tinuing in an OflSce which the President and Masters have pro- 
nounced to be incompatible with the Business of an Usher. — his 
being at a Tavern with the Students at unseasonable hours until 
some of them were drunk, which occasion^ a midnight disturb- 
ance in the College, on which he was required to amend his Con- 
duct. — ^his hastily requiring while the President and Masters were 

Digitized by 


14 William and Maby Collbob Quabterlt. 

oansidering this Irregularity a Certificate of his Innocence. — his 
so soon afterwards drawing up a Petition or Bemonstrance in 
very harsh and severe terms to say no worse of it against a 
Woman^ and persuading the Students to join with him in it. — 
his Dispute with Mr. Innis about how far he is to be considered 
as a Servant of the Coll^. — ^his talk before the Society of justi- 
fying himself to the World, that these and other Parts of his 
Behaviour have been the principal Sourse of the late ill humors 
and disorders which have crept into the Collie, and are so of 
their present continuance; and that if Mr. Innis will not change 
his Conduct in such particulars, he must know what ought to be 
the consequence, and what he has to expect from the President 
and Masters who have hitherto treated him with Indulgence. 


Besol : — ^that tho' the President and Masters have condescend- 
ed to receive a Petition against Miss Digges from the Ushers and 
Students which call'd in question her conduct for years past, and 
is not expressed in decent, or dispassionate terms because stories 
to her prejudice have been circulatd round the Country; anony- 
mous Letters written on the same subject to the Visitors, and 
particularly because she herself desired that we should hear once 
for all what the iTshers and Students had to say against her; yet 
this our Condescension is not to serve as a predecent for any 
future Occasion ; but that the Ushers, Students, and Children on 
any zeal or supposed ill treatment received by them shall apply 
for relief to the President, or to the Professor in attendance 
while the fact is fresh, and can be most accurately examined into. 

Besol : — ^that Miss Digges according to her request shall have 
directions given her for her Conduct as son as the Society can be 
at leisure for that purpose. 

Besol : — that the Students will best consult their own Interest, 
the credit of the College, and the Welfare of their Country by 
attending to their own peculiar Studies & Business leaving the 
care and regulations of the Servants to the President and Pro- 

(To be continued.) 

Digitized by 


DiABY OP Col. Landon Carter. 15 


Continued from Vol. XIV., 253.) 

Sunday, January 9, 1776. When Mr. Colston had discovered 
how my daughter Lue/s affections lay, he ventured to speak to 
me, telling me he shd have done it sooner, but he was doubtful 
as to the provisions in his entailed estates. I answered him I 
had only £800 sterling to give her as a portion (Here follow 
some words I can^t make out) * * Accordingly, the wedding 
takes effect, and as soon as I saw Mr. Cohton was serious of 
carrying his wife home, I told him as I understood he wanted a 
few slaves to stock his plantation better, I intended the crop after 
this to give him 6 slaves wch shd be valued and their value to be 
received as a part of the £800 sterling. This he expressed a 
seeming desire should be done. Accordingly, I offered my wench 
Pranky, who used to wait on my daughter, to be taken as one. 
Lucy said there did not seem to be any occasion, for the wench 
was a fine woman & would be wanted to work for me as her 
mother was now in a manner past it. Therefore, she only de- 
sired Franky for a few days till she could instruct Mr. Colston's 
girl he intends for the house. This was, accordingly, done and 
after 7 or 8 days the wench returned. At this visit my daughter 
told me she must take her word back again, and desired she might 
have Franky on the terms I at first offered her. I agreed to this 
as I found all parties willing ; then I asked my daughter if she 
knew how Mr. Homsby had given the house and land. She an- 
swered that Mr. Colston's widow in case of such an accident was 
somehow provided for, but could not tell how. Yesterday I 
communicated this conversation to Colston, adding that I wanted 
to be satisfied how by Mr. Homsb/s gift of the house &c. his 
widow, possibly without children, was to be provided for; and he 
answered, she was only to be maintained out of that estate during 
her life. I then replyed that the negroes, at least, I should let 
him have as a part of her fortune ought to be settled upon his 
wife, and he then actually told me, to be sure it was most reason- 
able they should be so done, and b^ged that I would get such 
an instrument. I told him any lawyer could easily draw such an 

Digitized by 


16 William and Maby Collbgb Quabtsbly. 

one and repeated to him the Purport of it. Our conversation 
ended with seeming satisfaction. But in the evening I dis- 
oovered a dulness in him and only asked if he was unwell and 
was answered : No, he was very well. I said no more, believing 
his dulness was an effect of something natural in him. But this 
morning, when alone, he told me he was a little too hasty yester- 
day in consenting to the negroes being settled on his wife; for 
in such a case he said he should have no power over them to part 
with them as he might think proper; and his whole fortune might 
as well have been settled upon her wch he could not have done if 
I had at first demanded it, because he was in debt for a tract 
of adjoyning land wch he had bought. I became serious, and 
spoke to this effect : S*^. I have treated you rather more like a 
gentleman than you at first did me, for you did not speak to me 
before you had engaged my daughter's affections, but imputing 
this to love and bashfulness I thought nothing about it, but did 
not my conversation about her fortune before marriage tend to 
know whether the donor of your estate had not restrained the 
law as to a widow^s dower out of entailed lands, and did not that 
imply a settlement on my child if you had told me then it did ? 
How then, now you do tell me it does, can you wish I had de- 
manded this settlement at first because you would not have agreed 
to it? Was there an equal or a greater temptation to a parent in 
such a match in your estate, than there was in other Gen^men's 
fortunes who have married my daughters. The gift to you, only 
saying your widow shall be maintained out of the estate given 
away to another, if you die without heirs must either leave my 
children in the power of others or of the law, and what would this 
differ from a Parent throwing his child into a river that some 
kind hand might save her from drowning. He then told me that 
his wife thought that there would be no manner of occasion for 
such a settlement. I answered she seemed to reason as he did 
on the present moment in the full shine of a honeymoon, but 
things of this sort should extend and could be only meant after 
his death, when perhaps the moons of others might never shine 
on his widow. However, said I, don't disturb yourself. Tour 
wife out of weakness might, seeing your uneasiness, tell you so. 

Digitized by 


DiAVT OP Col. London Cabtbb. 17 

but no Prudent parent ought not to do so. But if you want to be at 
liberty to leave her a b^gar^ should you choose it, for Gk>d's sake 
do it He offered then to leave the fortune in my hands. I 
replied no^ S^ no one shall ever have an opportunity of declaring 
anything with a face so interested as that must appear. I will 
let you have the 6 n^roes the next crop as I promised^ and 
Tranky shall go now agreeable to your desire. He then asked me 
at what value. I began then to see & replied^ to be sure a very 
healthy wench and a fine workwoman must be of much more 
value than an outworker. And so our conversation ended. 

It may be somethings at this time^ a little inconsiderate in this 
Gentleman, but I cannot help crowding myself into some doubts 
only to be trusted to myself, but I will be honest, and Prudent to 
boot. I can't but still condemn Lucy's too easy confidence in 
others, at the same time she seems to suspect her father, but before 
the God whom I now write, I mean nothing but a real Parental 
care; and may he so direct me and others. They went home this 

8, Monday. W™. Beale, Jun'*». negroes to wit : two men which 
hire as sawyers for ten pounds a year each. The time of the 
younger begins this day, but the eldest only b^ns his year when 
his leg gets well. I have put it under necessary care. They 
were to have brot their whipsaws by agreement, but I have not 
seen that. . . I am just to cloath them when they go away as they 
are now. It seems they have not as yet got their new cloaths. 

9, Tuesday. A most blustering morning indeed. Last night 
Col : John Lee, of Essex and Mr. Phil : Smith, of Westmoreland 
came here. This morning, cold and blowing as it was, as Col® : 
Tayloe was just returned from Chantilly, we went to hear the 
news from Rich<>: Henry Lee, saw a Paper from Philadelphia, 
and one from Maryland chiefly filled with the Virginia accots. of 
Bunmore sometime past & also the Proceedings of the Congress 
too formal & particular to be easily r^nembered. 

Mr. Smith remembered to have seen a Dunlop paper which ha» 
given an accot of the Spillat field weavers exercising under arms 
to assist America, but forgot the date. 

Dr. Jones from town had also written from town to the Col;^ 

Digitized by 


18 William and Maby College Quabtebly. 

but only dated it on a Saturday^ and speaks of a false alann^ but 
does not mention what it was and tells of two topsail vessels, 
valuable Prizes sent up by Cap*. Barron taken by his armed Pilot 
boat with only two swivels & some armed men. 

10, Wednesday, January, 1776. Extreme keen & cold last 
night, so that at 6 this morning my clock slow, I suppose frozen, 
but probably dusty, for the keen violent wind blew that about very 

Much was advanced about the honesty of Posey who brought 
the news of Norfolk being burnt by Ld. Dunmore & the men-of- 
war. Altho^ Jones does not say a syllable about it. I could not 
credit it, such an inconsistency, come from who it will, but a man 
who shd swear he saw it bum & actually set on fire without any 
accidents; and was austerely treated to think the lad who never 
told a lie shd tell one now. I answered it was plain by saying 
Ool<* : Tayloe was no gentleman, he owns he told one lie; and I see 
no such casuistry that admits of telling one from conveniency 
wch will not tell another for diversion; or Perhaps that may be 
conveniency likewise. Besides, if he has not lied, somebody has 
for him, for here we were told the Capt: of the man-of-war^s 
Lady had sent for Provisions & necessaries to CoP Howe & was 
refused, but then I heard her letter was so very polite and genteel 
that the Col*^ sent her Particular presents ; and yet this town was 
burnt and fired upon by the men-of-war because they could not 
let them victual? Extraordinary! to be sure, such faith must 
have been larger than a grain of mustard seed. I still doubt 
whether this collector was even at Norfolk. 

I think I have reason every day to be more and more astonished 
at the tempers of people; some folks either in a passion or from 
a spirit of contradiction don't even care to own any truth. I 
asked whether it was not remembered that we were told that 
Posey had said that Capt. of the man-of-war's Lady had asked for 
water & had been denied by the CoP ; and tho one of them were 
asked. Why, as the ships had command of Portsmouth the 
Capt. did not send there for water. Yet the whole was occa- 
sionally forgotten for a while and then after they were forced to 

Digitized by 


DiABfT OF Col. Lakdon Cabtse. 19 

own they heard it; then the person who told it^ might have mis- 
taken the boy. Why should he lie any more than another? 

12. Write to Robin & Dr. Jones by CoL K. H. Lee. 

13. On Sunday last I sent my wench Franky to my daughter 
Oolston^ but as I was alarmed about Homsb/s gift to her hus- 
band in weh, as it was represented to me^ she was, if his widow, 
only to be mantained out of it. I could only tell her I did not 
give up my right in her. On this when the boat came back wch 
was not till Wednesday morning w*'* a pretense of getting 9 bush- 
els of very indifferent oysters, I reed a letter from my daughter 
very simple indeed, only for the sake of some filial ill usage. At 
the same time Homsby^s will was sent, in which it is mentioned 
the widow of the person dying in possession of the estate shall 
enjoy the house and be suitably maintained out of the estate and 
the children educated out of it; as this word "suitably^' will mean 
with service also, I shall give or sell my right in the slaves I let 
Colston have. 

My grandson, in his rambling about, met H. Muse, and heard 
from him that Banks, the agent, had brot to Essex Court, The 
convention was to break up this week, that Dunmore, in the ex- 
change of Prisoners proposed, only offered a cake boy that was 
with Hatch for Lieut. Battall, wch so offended him and the rest 
of the Grenadiers, that, as they were so kindly treated by the 
Virginians, as soon as they were well of their wounds, they would 
enter in the service of America. This Banks also brot word of 
large topsail vessels being in the bay, imagined by some to be 
northern vessels of war, wch were expected to attack Dunmore & 
the men of war here ; but nobody knew, and they might as well be 
other vessels of war come to prevent that, for this intended step 
was known to the northward, before it got here. 

Col®. R. H. Lee, on his way to town from Fraser^s, sent news- 
papers with nothing more in them than what Banks had told, 
that Qosport, the whole Town, Tucker's mill, and all And: 
Sprowles* houses were burnt by our people as his Excellency had 
burnt down Norfolk. All the men-of-war kept up a vast firing to 
prevent it, but without any effect. 

February 6, Tuesday. I have heard that Andrew Lewis re- 

Digitized by 


20 WiLUAH ANB Mary Colleqb Quabtbbly. 

fused to receive a command from his country^ because they have 
so contrived it that he should be under the command of those 
whom he had in the war actually commanded. It is a great pity 
that those thus advanced should not submit to so approved & 
experienced an ofScer; but yet I do hope^ as it is his country that 
calls him, he may ^ideavor to waive such a slur. It will then 
show him superior to himself. 

February 14. My daughter Colston & her husband came here 
yesterday. It means they are to go to a treat at Lee Hall, fool- 
ish enough, but time, it is to be hoped, will produce more sense. 
I had resolved my chariot should not be used, roads bad & indeed 
the weather far f r<Hn the least inviting. But if I had thought of 
to-morrow being a called court, it should not have gone. 

I see the Philadelphia Pamphlet called Common Sense is much 
advertized in Philadelphia, and it is pretended to be written by 
an Englishman. If true, it is really much to be suspected of its 
secret intentions to fix an ill impression that the Americans are 
resolved not to be reconciled. And indeed that matter is en- 
couraged under the most absurd arguments in the world. But I 
do suppose it to be the concealed topic of even some in Congress, 
tho they have so repeatedly contradicted & tho they have so 
severely reprehended Dr. Cooper some time ago, who actually 
charged them with a design of independency. I have written an 
answer to the Extracts Published by Purdie, but as I do not 
understand by the advertizements, tho it is said to be in great 
demand, the new edition is to contain many additions. I would 
wait to see what they are; for the present impression of it is 
quite scandalous & disgraces the American cause much ; wch as it 
is reasonably imagined to be supported by Almighty Mercy, I 
would not have its original justice constitutional freedom in the 
least sullied. 

(To be continued.) 

Digitized by 


The Vbnablb Link. 21 


By Joseph J. Casey, A. M. 

[In undertaking this sketch at the present time, it is mainly to put 
into permanent form, such data as I have gathered during the past 
fifteen years, in the hope that information will be forthcoming to 
connect the American descendants with their English ancestors. It 
does not aim to be complete ii^ any respect It is far from satis- 
factory. At the same time nothing is put down for which I have not 
good authority. "If is the bane of pedigrees. 

I haye also in mind that people interested in this line will be 
quick to supply what is missing, or what may be additional, so that, 
at another time, and perhaps in a more pret^itious form, the families 
of the noble Venables of England, and the families of the still nobler 
Venables of America, will be linked into one continuous line stretch- 
ing back at least a thousand years.] 

In the Bichmond Standard of issue November 27, 1880, was 
an attempt to deduce a pedigree of "The Venable (or Venables) 
Family .'* It begins as follows : "The luminous assemblage of 
prominent names which have been grafted on the genealogical 
tree of this deduction attests the social estimation in which the 
Venable family is held, whilst the record of its representatives in 
distinguished station, and in literature and science, is — ^most hon- 
orable. ♦ ♦ ♦ Tte name Venable which now obtains in this coun- 
try, in orthography and sound, was originally Venables. The 
first representative of the family of whom a record has been 
preserved was William Venables, Duke of Vernon, who assumed 
the last name from the town or district of Vernon, in Normandy, 
of which he was the sole proprietor in 1052. Bichard, his eldest 
son, accompanied William, the Conqueror to England, fought in 
the battle of Hastings, and after the Conquest was invested with 
extensive landed estates. From him was descended Peter Ven- 
ables, Baron of Kinderton 1830 (sic), from whom, 'Thomas, 
Baron of Kinderton, 1660. 'T^ary, married Thomas Pigott, of 
Chetwynd, County Salop, and had issue Mary, married Henry 
Vernon who died 1718, and had issue George Venables Vernon, 
bom February 9, 1709, and created a peer, May 12, 1762, with 
the title of Lord Vernon of Kinderton, in Cheshire. 

Of the same lineage was Abraham (1) Venables who emi- 

Digitized by 


22 William and Maby Colleqb Quartebly. 

grated to Virginia about the year 1680," etc., etc., etc. [The 
italics are mine.] 

To begin with, there was no ^TVilliam Venables, Duke of Ver- 
non.^' There was a William, Duke of Vernon in Normandy, who 
was styled William de Vernon. His two sons, Richard de Vernon 
and Walter de Vemon, accompanied William the Conqueror to 
England. But they were not Venables. 

Sir Peter Venables, the last Baron of Kinderton in the direct 
line died childless. The Mary Venables who married Thomas 
Piggott was a sister of Sir Peter Venables, and Henry Ver- 
non, Esq., married Anne, their daughter. The son of Henry and 
Anne (Pigott) Vemon, George, added the Venables name and 
Venables arms to his own name Vemon, and became Venables- 
Vemon. The arms which are included in the Stcundard article, 
belong to the present Vemon coat. The Venables have a line- 
age and arms of their own. 

Venables is a district about thirty miles beyond Rouen, on the 
road to Paris, between St. Pierre and Vemon ( within a few miles 
of those places), and stands in the centre of the neck of a penin- 
sular tract of land formed by a bend of the Seine, in the neigh- 
borhood of Beaumont, Goumay, and Bermieres. The high road 
runs straight through this tract to the centre of the arc of the 
Seine, which it intersects at a point where that river bends past 
the Petit Andeli, near to the famous Ch&teau Gaillard, erected by 
Richard, Coeur de lion, for the defence of that part of Nor- 
mandy. A map of this district, showing the position of Venables 
very clearly (near the forest of Andeli), and as one of the chief 
places, was published in ^^Histoire du ChdtecMi OaUlard/' in 1829. 

Gislebertus de Venables, the ancestor of the Venables of Eng- 
land and of Virginia, accompanied William the Conqueror to 
England. His name is found in the Roll of Battle Abbey. His 
family in Normandy does not appear under this name, the proper 
name being Le Venour (Veneur) or Venator, th6 latter evi- 
dently the Latin form of the name. As if there should be no 
doubt of this, Gislebertus de Venables, on the division of the 
spoils, receives part of his share under the name of Venator. 

Digitized by 


Thb Venablb Like. 23 

Gilbert Yenables^ nging the English form^ received eztensiye 
estates^ and was one of the English Barons attached to the 
Earldom of Cheshire^ under Hugh Lapus, with the title Baron 
of Kinderton. He is referred to as the younger brother of 
Stephen, Earl of Blois, the father of Stephen, King of England, 
which would make him a descendant of Chademague; and he is 
also referred to as cousin-german to the Conqueror. 

The title and much of the estates, remained in the Venables 
family for nearly 700 years, or xmtil the death of the last Baron, 
Sir Peter (referred to above), when, by virtue of a will, the 
Venables title and arms were assumed by (Jeorge Vernon, making 
the hyphenated Venables-Vemon, or Lord Vernon of the present 

With Sir Peter, the main line, coming through the direct heirs, 
became extinct. But there were numerous branches, through 
younger sons, scattered through England; and their pedigrees, 
limited as English pedigrees are, may be found in several of the 
County histories of iiigland — excepting Devonshire. There 
were no Venables in Devonshire. In none of these county his- 
tories have I found any clue to the emigrant to Virginia, Abra- 
ham Venables. 

In the old families, baptismal names were religiously adhered 
to, and it is almost a certainty that any line of descendants may 
be placed upon the main stem by attention to the baptismal 
names. But in the case of Abraham Venables, the Virginia 
emigrant, I have not found in any published English pedigree — 
and I think I have seen them all — any Abraham which would 
furnish the clue to the Virginia ancestor. However, be this as 
it may. 

According to the Richmond Standard in the attempted pedigree 
referred to above, Abraham Venables, the emigrant, came to 
Virginia about the year 1680. He had two sons, Joseph and 
Abraham, Joseph going to Maryland, and Abraham to Virginia* 
Another Virginia genealogist states there were two brothers, 
Abraham and Joseph, the latter going to Maryland, the former 
to Virginia. Evidence seems to point to the fact that there was 
a Joseph Venables in Maryland, and that he was contemporary 

Digitized by 



with the Abraham of Virginia. I am inclined to doubt any re- 
lationship, howerer, as the baptismal name, Joseph, is not found 
in the Virginia descendants, a fact significant 

Lately, an esteemed correspondent sent me some notes gleaned 
from the Pennsylyania Archives, fnHn which it appears that a 
^^illiam Venables, upon his first arrival, procured a warrant 
from Thos. Holme in 1682, for 300 acres of land to be laid out 
in Bucks, near the Falls," etc. This William had two daughters, 
Joyce and Frances, but apparently no sons; and so Thomas 
Venables, who was a Justice of Peace in Philadelphia County 
in 1745 and in 1749, and a Sarah Venables who was married to 
William Jenkins in 1767, seem to be unaccounted for. 

As if to add to the tangle, a 'Tlalph Vennables" left England 
in 1635, for the Bermudas. Must we look to this Balph as the 
progenitor of the Virginia families? I have done my best to 
connect the Virginia line with their English progenitors, but 
have thus far failed. Perhaps some other may solve the 

1 Note. — For almost all my data concerning the English Venables, 
I am relying upon Ormerod's "History of Cheshire." 
(To be continued.) 


(This register, whidi was kept by Rev. William Douglas, is the 
property of R. Lee Traylor, Esq., of Memphis, Tennessee, and the 
following notes were taken by me from his very full manuscript:) 

I came to Goochland Dec. 12, 1750. Preached Ist. at Dover 
Church Sept 15, 1750. Received by the vestry as parish min- 
ister by the then vestry following viz : Stephen Sampson, Will 
Holman, Will Lewis, John Hopkins, Archer Payne. 

List of the Vestry for the year 1756 when I got this book: 

Capt. WiU Burton. ) nu u a irvK^ 
^ 1 A-xv TT 1^ y Churchwardens 1756. 
Col. Arthur Hopkins. ) 

Col. Charles Lewis, Col. Henry Wood, Col. John Payne, 

Major John Smith, Major Josias Payne, Capt. James Holman, 

Digitized by 


Bbgistbb of St. Jambs Nobthak Parish. 25 

Gteofge Payne, William Miller, Charlee Jordan, John Woodson, 
Eobert Burton, Oct., 1756, James Cole, Oct!, 1756, Capt. Wil- 
liam Pryor, 1758, Capt William Stamp, 1758, Joseph Pollard, 
1757, Capt Noel Burton, 1761, Tho: Mann Randolph, 1763, 
Tho: Boiling, 1764, (all dead) John Boiling, George Payne, 
Jun., Tho : Underwood, Joseph Woodson. 


1751, Oct. 12'. John Martin & Mary Rogers, both of this 

1751, Dec. 20. Alexander Grant & Agnes Jarrett, in this 

1751, Dec. 27. Thomas Woodson & Mary Woodson, both in 
1751. Nov. 23. Guy Smith & x x Hopkins. 
" " " Drury Christian & Lucy Williams. 
" " " Alexander Trent & Scott, in Manikin. 

1753, Aug. 24, Abraham, Sall6 & Elizabeth Woodson. 
" Sept. 25. Will Banks & Elizabeth Martin. 

" Sept. 25, Will Groom & Dorothy Madison, both in this 

1754, July 23, James Woodson & Elizabeth Whitelock. 

" Dec. 24, John Woodson & Elizabeth Bailey, both in 
this parish. 
1775, Mar. 6, Will Payne & Mary Barret, both in this parish. 
'* Sept. 15, John Lee & Betty Page. 
'' S^fc 21, Sylvanus Stokes & Cat : Hicks, in this parish. 
*' Oct. 15. John Hancock & Elizabeth Maddox, both in 
this parish. 

*' Oct. 27, Jac : Floumoy & Elizabeth Burner, in Mana- 
kin Town. 

1756, April 15. George Webb & Mrs. Hannah Fleming, in his 
parish, but Mr. Webb, in Hanover. 

1756, May 6. Jer. Doss and Wesley Taylor, both in this 

1756, Jan. 24. Charles Carter, of Cumberland, & Judette 
Carter, of Lickinghole. 

Digitized by 


26 William and Maby Collbgb Quabteblt. 

Feb. 29. John Woodward & Susannati Tilman^ both in this 

1756^ Oct. Sjlvanus Massie and Hannah Baglin^ both in this 
" Oct. 27. Jac: Floumoy & Elizabeth Burner, in Mani- 
kin town. 

1756, Dec. 23. Peter Walker & Eliz. Harris, both in Cum* 

1756, Oct. 13. Bobert Burton & Laferce, both in this 


1756, Dec. 30. Perrin Ferrar, in this parish, & Sarah Lacy, in 
Si Martin's Parish, Hanover County. 

1758, Jan. 5. William Eoberts and Eliz Lewis, both in this 

1758, Mar. 25. Thomas Hancock & Mary Shoemaker, both in 
this parish. 

1758, March 25. John (Jordon in this & Judith Moracet, in 
Manikintown Prh. 

1758, May 9. Stephen Woodson & Lucy Ferran, both in this 

1758, June 1. Thomas Lewis & Susannah Ellis, both in Henrico. 

1758, Dec. 1. Mr. William Walton & Elizabeth Tilmon, both 
in this parish. 

1758, Dec. 21. Antony Martin & Sarah Holman, both in 
Manikin Town. 

1759, Jan. 1. Josiah Leek in this parish & Ann Fenton, in 

1759, Sept. 16. Eichard Clopton and Mary Davis, both in 
this parish. 

1759, July 22. Benjamin Johnson & Susannah Peace, both in 
this parish. 

1760, Jan. 22. John Wales, in Charles City, & Eliz. Lomax, in 
this parish. 

1760, Feb. 20. Mr. Robert Lewis & Jean Woodson, both in 
this parish. 

1760, Feb. 20. John Hales, in Henrico, & Eliz. Mutler, in this 

Digitized by 


Bbgisteb of St. Jameb Nobtham PAiaBH. 27 

1760, Mch. 20. John Woodson, in Albemarle, & Mary Minns, 
in this parish. 

1760, Ang. 27. Samuel Pryor, of Amelia County, & Prances 
Morton, of this parish. 

1760, Sepi 2. Eobert Sims of Louisa & Prances Lewis, of this 

1760, Nov. 9. Carter Henry Harrison, in Cumberland, & 
Susana Bandolph, in this parisL 

1760, Dec. 27. Alexander Moss & Ann Thurman, both of this 

1761, Jan. 1. William Harrison, in this psh, & Mary Cobbs, in 
Albemarle County. 

1760, July 22. Eobert Payne & Nan Burton in this parish. 

1762, Mar. 17. William Perran & Eliz. Bib, both in this 

1762', July 22. Andrew Jamison & Martha Stephenson, both 
in this parish. 

1762, July 1. Pleasants Cocke & Eliz. Porden, both in this 

1762, July 22. Edward Eadford and Ann Curd, both in this 

1762, Aug. 22. John Lewis ft Judith Crouch, both of this 

1762, Sept. 10. James Meriwether and EUz. Pollard, in this 

Joseph Curd, in this parish, & Mary Warrin, in St. PauFs. 

1762, Apl. 6. John Ware, in Manikin Town, & Mary Watson, 
in Henrico. 

1762, Jan. 1. Gideon Moss & Susannah Bicherson, both in 
this parish. 

1762, Sept. 28. Joseph Curd, in ttiis parish, & Mary Warrin, 
in St. Paul's. 

1762, Oct. 26. Joseph Pace and Mary Ann Page, both in this 

1762, Dec. 29. Henry Mullens & Prances Walton, both in this 

Digitized by 


28 WiujAK AND Mary Collbqb Quabtbblt. 

1763, Jan. 6. George Hancocke ft Mary Whitloe, both in this 

1763, Jan. 20. Thomas Pollard ft Sarah Hardine, both in this 

1763, Mch. 9. Jesse Ellis, in Henrico, ft Sarah Woodson, 
in this parish. 

1763, Mch. 9. Julius Burton, in Henrico, ft Bebecca Clayton, 
in this parish. 

1763, Mch. 17. Peyton Smith, in Henrico, ft Judith Wadley, 
both in this parish. 

1763, April 7. John Dudley, in Albemarle, ft Sarah Brom- 
field, in this parish. 

1763, Aug. 7. John Martin ft Barbara Lewis, both in this 

1763, Aug. 19. John Oobbs ft Judith Cobbs, both in Albe- 
marle County. 

1763, Oct. 1. Mathew Jordan ft Mary Stogdill, both in this 

1764, Mch. 18. Edmund Curd ft Mary Curd, both in this 

1764, Aug. 16. Edmund Pendleton ft Milly Pollard, both in 

1764, Dec. 23. Bichard Johnson ft Ann NichoUs, both in this 

1765, March 21. Jacob Michaux ft Sarah Neville in Cum*. 
1765, March 28. Rene Napier, of this parish, ft Rebecca Hart, 

in Drisdale parish. 

1764, April 1. Robert Bowman, in Chesterfield, ft Elizabeth 
Craigwald, in this parish. 

1765, June 11. Robert Wingfidd ft Frances Jordan, both of 
Hiis parish. 

1765, Oct. 1. John Ooode ft Prances Loftis, both in this 

1765, Dec. 31. Qeorge Payne ft Betty McCarthy Morton, in 
James City parish. 

1766, March 6. Benjamin Johnson ft Martin Hughes in St. 
Martin's Psh. 

Digitized by 


Bbqistbb op St. Jaheb Nouhak Pabibh. 29 

1766^ May 20. Thoous Massie^ in this p'sh, & Mary Williams, 
in Louisa. 

1766, Aug. 14. Shadiach Woodson in Bkg. & Sua. Walker, in 
this parish. 

1766, Aug. 26. TumOT Bountree ft Sarah Woodson, both of 

1766, Not. 6. Pet^ Walker & Sarah Wadley both in this 

1766, Nov. 20. James Cord ft Mary Qraves, both in this 

1766, Dec. 25. Milner Bedford ft Sarah Lewis, both in this 

1767, Jan. 22. Stephen Letcher ft Elizabeth Perkins, both in 
this parish. 

1767, Jan. 23. Moses Taylor ft Obedience Smith, both in this 

1767, May 14. Barnard Markham ft Mary Harris, both in 

1768, May 26. John Glass ft Sally Martin, both in this parish. 
1768, June 4. Capt. Hugh Moss ft Jeannie Ford, both in this 


1768, June 23. Benjamin Oocke ft Mary Johnson, both in this 

1768, Oct 11. Julius Allen, in Henrico, ft Mary Biggar, in 

1768, Oct. 12. John Perkins, in (Joochland, ft Ursley Richard- 
son, in Henrico. 

1768, Nov. 2. George ft Martha Meriwetiier. 

1768, Dec. 13. Fisher Bice Bennett ft Judith Hanson, in 

1768, Dec. 18. Benj. Perkins ft Mary Curd. 

1768, Dec. 25. George Ulnderwood ft Elizabeth Curd. 

1769, Jan. 27. Benjamin Anderson ft Judith Mims, of this 

1769, March 2'3. George Anderson ft Susannah Mims, of this 

1769, July 21. Mr. Archibald Bryoe ft Mary Mitchell. 

Digitized by 


30 WiLUAH AND Mart Collbgb Quabtebly. 

1770, Feb. 22. Spencer Noml & Prances Hill, both of this 

1770, June 2. Joseph Winston & Lucy Cobb. 

1770, June 19. Shadrach Vaughan & Mary Meriwether. 

1770, Nov. 14. Eichard Johnson & Polly Powers. 

1770, July 2. Burgess Ball & Mary Chichester. 

1770, Oct. 13. David Walker & Eliz Gilbert 

1770, Nov. 10. Leonard Price & Judith EUdridge. 

1770, Dec. 19. James Grason & Mary Christian. 

1771, April 28. Eobert Smith & Eliz. Carroll. 
1771, May 9. John Christian & Judith Leek. 
1771, July 4. Sam Martin & Ann Pleasants. 

1771, Aug. 25. Sally Graves, in Goochland, & Barret Price, in 

1771, Nov. 7. Eichard Sampson & Ann Curd, both in Gooch- 

1772, Mar«^ 19. Will MiUer & Maria Laprade. 
1772, Apl. 23. Joseph Pleasants & Mary Gerrand. 

1772, July 6. Will Bolding & Ann Burgess, both from Albe- 
marle Co. 

1772, July 9. John Robards & Sarah Marshall, both in G<x>ch- 

1773, Jan : 1. Joseph Mayo & Jeannie Bichardson in Gooch- 

1773, Mar. 25. Claybum Bice & Molly Smith in Goochland. 

1773, March 23. Thomas Glass & Martha East. 

1773, May 4. Mathew Payne & Sally Pryor. 

1773, Aug. 1. Walter Leek & Winifred Johnson. 

1773, Sept. 7. Ben Anderson & Sarah Johnson, both of 

1773, Oct. 23. Charles Clark & Sarah Cooke, Twtti in Gooch- 

1773, Dec. 22'. Eobert Burton Payne & Margaret Sydenham 
Morton, both in Goochland. 

1774, Jan. 3. Will Eoberts & Eliz. Pleasants Cocke, both in 

1774, Jan. 27. Sam Jordan & Prances Periere, of Henrico. 

Digitized by 


Bbgisteb of St. Jamss Kobthah Pabish. 31 

1774, Mar. 6. Ambrose Edwards & Olive Martin, both in 

17.74, Feb. 24. Will Lewis & Sally Mason, both of Goochland. 

1774, May 1. John Ellis & Patty Wood, both in Henrico. 

1774, June 30. James Gtordon, in Lancaster, & Ann Payne, in 

1774, July 28. Charles Lacy & Eliz. Hudson, in Louisa. 

1774, Sept. 6. Jesse Lacy & Mary Johnson, in Louisa. 

1774, Oct. 25. Ben Lacy & Judith Christian, both in Gooch- 

1774, Nov. 4. (Carles Eice & Mary Tony, both in Albemarle. 

1775, Jan. 26. Devreux Jerrat & Joanna Wade, both of this 

1775, Feb. 2. Rene Woodson, in Albemarle, & Martha Johnson, 
in Louisa. 

1775, Apl. 27. William Pledge & Ursley Woodson, both of 
Y*. parish. 

1775, June 9. Thomas Diggs, in Louisa, & Ann Kent, in 

1775, At^. 5. Archibald Pleasants & Jean Woodson, both of 
Y". parish. 

1775, Sept. 8. J<An Curd in Y". & Ann "Underwood, in Louisa. 

1776, Jan. 3. Samuel Moss & Susannah Harris. 

1776, May 16. Will Pryor in Y" parish & Eliz. Hughes, in 

1776, June 26. Thomas & Elizabeth Massie, both of Y» 

1776, Aug. 24. Natt Massie, in Y* parish, & Ann Clark, in 

1776, Sept. 29. Patrick Napier & Eliz. Woodson in this 

1776, Oct 5. James Cole & Fanny Cheesman Wills, both in 

1776, Dec. 8. Tho. Pope, in Y" parish, & Mary Snead, of 

1777, Feb. 22. Christopher Johnson & Elizabeth Dabney, both 
of Hanover. 

Digitized by 


32 William and Mart Collbqs Quabihblt. 

1777^ June 19. Samuel WoodBon & Elizabeth Payne, both of 
Y* parish. 

1777, March 16. Joseph Lewis & Ann Porter, both in Y". 

1778, Feb. 4. Da. Bullock & Susannah More In Louisa. 

1778, Nov. 29. Malachi Chiles & Eliz Garton, both in Orange. 

1779, Jan. 8. Jesse Payne & Sally Lewis, both in Goochland. 
1779, March 14, Ben Woodson & Sally Johnson, both in 


1779, March 16. Will Jordan Morton & Martha Pryor, both of 

1779, July 20. Macon Biggars & Christian Poindexter, both 
of Goochland. 

1779, Aug. 3. Nath. West Dandridge & Jean Pollard, in 

1779, Sept. 23. KcVd Clough & Jean Woodson, in Goochland. 

1779, Nov. 24. Joseph Woodson in G'd, & Sarah Hughes, in 

1780, Feb. 3. Charles Slaughter in Culpeper & Eliz* Poin- 
dexter, in Louisa. 

1780, April 24. Col. Richard Anderson & Catherine Fox, both 
of Louisa. 

1780, April 28. Liner Gooch & Rhode Turner, both of Louisa. 

1780, Sept. 28. Will Lee, in Northumberland, & Jean Payne, 
in Goochland. 

1781, Sept. .7. Will Robards & Eliz. Lewis, both of Goochland. 
1781, Oct. 4. The. Mallory & Constance Davis, both in Louisa. 
1781, Dec. 26. John Poindexter & Eliz. Thornton Johnston, 

both in Louisa. 

1781, Dec. 27. Henry Mallory & Lucy Long, both in Orange. 

1782, Feb. 12. David Bullock & Jane Terry, both in Louisa. 
1782, Feb. 20. Tho. Shelton & Cecelly Dabney, both of 


1782, Apl. 25. Richmond Terrill & Cecelia Darracott, botti 
in Louisa. 

1782, June 27. Garland Cosby & Molly Poindexter, both of 

Digitized by 


Register of St. Jambs JTorthah Paeish. 33f 

1782, Aug. 22, Joseph & Jean Pleasants. 

1782, Oct. 15. WiU: Clayton & Maxy Eose, both of Spottsyl- 

1783, Feb. 6. Stephen Mayo & Ann Isabel, both of Gooch- 

1783, Feb. 18. Ben: Eobinson & Catharine Parker, both of 
Spotsylvania Co. 

1783, Mch. 13. Claybom Gooch & Mildred Thomson, both of 

1783, June 4. George Quissenbury & Jeanie Daniel, both of 

1783, June 18. John Hughes & Ann Meriwether in Louisa. 

1783, Sept. 11. George Morris & Sally Biggars, both of 

1783, Sept. 9. John Trice & Pattie Smith. 

1783, Nov. 19. Robert Cobb & Ann Gizzage Poindexter in 

1783, Nov. 20. Charles Smith & Nancy Johnson, both of 

1783, Nov. 26. Umphrey Gooch & Mary Wagstaff, in Louisa. 

1784, July 28. Will Smith, in Louisa, & Sarah Pryor, in 

1784, Sept. 21. Edward Pace & Susannah Johnson, both in 

1785, Mch. 10. Caleb Lindsay & Sally Stephens, both in 

1785, Nov. 20. Capt. Eich. Phillips & Eliz. Waddy, both of 

1785, Dec. 29. Eich. Cole & Sarah Sansum, both of Louisa 

1787, May 22. Spencer Coleman & Eliz. Goodwin, of Louisa 

1788, Jan. 24. Thornton Mead & Mary Garland, both of 

1788, Jan. 18. Eobert Green & Eliz Bibb, both in Louisa. 

1788, June 24. Thomas Lewis & Eliz. Meriwether, both in 

Digitized by 


34 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

1788, Nov. 20. John Durrett & Martha Bibb, both of Louisa. 

1789, Julius Curie & Mary Curd in Goochland. 

1788, June 26. David Hutson & Mary Clopton, in Louisa. 

1789, June 15, Will Cole & Sally Byers, in Louisa. 

1789, March 28. John Slaughter & Ann Lewis Johnson, of 

1789, May 31. Josel Graves & Sarah Graves, in Orange. 

John Garland & Lucy Gordon, both in Louisa. 

1791, March 2.7. Tho. Meriwether & Ann Minor. 

1791, March 12. Dr. Joseph Duke & Mary Quarles, both in 

1795, Nov. 1. Fortunatus Cosby & Mary Anne Fontane, in 

1783, Feb. 20. Chiles T}Tell & my Peggie were married. 

1791, March 29. Francis Quarles & Mary Garrett Brook6, of 


James Bates & Winifred Hix had issue: Fleming b. Nov. 
22, 1747; William Nov. 23, 1749; Samuel C. May 2'9, 1752; 
Stephen C. March 4, 1754. 

Capt. Ish. Randolph & Jane Rogers, Susannai b. Sept. 25, 

Capt. James Cole & Mary Wills, Mary b. Dec. 19, 1747, Janey 
b. Sept. 26, 1751, WUliam b. May 31, 1753, Catharine b. May 2, 

Noel Burton & Lucy Barret, son Robert b. Ap. 9, 1756. 

James Bates & Winifred Hix, Daniel b. July 6, 1756. 

Capt. Tho. Stark & Joan Williams, daughter Joan, b. Feb. 15, 

Jan. 27, 1756. Julius Saunders & Jemima Woodward in Albe- 
marle, a son, bom Oct. 1755, named Claybum. Capt John 
Raley & Eliz. Randolph in Cumberland, a dau. b. Jan. 25, 

April 11, 1756. Will Miller & Mary Heath, Mary b. March 
6, 1756. 

Digitized by 


Register of St. James Northam Parish. 35 

Oct. 10, 1756. Ralph Graves & Judith Womack, dau. Sally, b. 
Sept. 1, 1756. 

Mar. 20, 1757. Benjamin Clopton & Agnes Morgan, son 
Walter b. Dec. 26, 1756. 

April 11. Capt William Pryor & Sarah Wood, dau. Elizabeth 
b. Feb. 10, 1757. 

Capt. Wm. Stamps & Elenor Brent, dau. Catherine, b. Oct. 17, 

Noel Burton & Lucy Barrett, dau. Priscilla b. Dec. 26, 1757. 

Drury Christian & Lucy Williams, James b. April 23, 1758. 

Capt. Will Burton & Rebecca Cobbs, son John Cobbs b. Jan. 
27, 1758. 

Benjamin Woodson & Rebecca Cocke, Booth b. Dec. 4, 1757. 
Capt. Robert Burton & Judith La Force, Sarah b. July 16, 1758. 

Nov. 19. William Miller & Mary Heath, Henry b. Sept. 25, 

Obadiah Smith & Mary Burks, Charles b. Nov. 13, 1758. 

James Gregory & Sarah Thompson, William b. Aug. 11, 1758. 

John Lewis & Eliz. McBride, Joseph b. Dec. 31, 1758. 

Capt. Will Pryor & Sarah Wood, John b. Feb. 21, 1759. 

Ren6 Woodson & Mary Thomson dec'd, dau. Eliz. Booth b. 
Feb. 16, 1759. 

David Cosby & Mary Johnson, William b. Feb. 14, 1759. 

George Anderson & Frances Woodson, Susannah b. Sept. 
22, 1758. 

John Curd & Lucy Brent, son James b. June 24, 1759. 

Capt. Tho. Stark & Jean Williams, Reuben b. Aug. 10, 1759. 

Capt. William Stamps & Helen Brent, James b. Dec. 25, 1759. 

Capt. James Cole & Mary Wills, dau. Susannah, b. Mch. 23. 

Benjamin Woodson & Rebecca Cox, Frances b. Dec. 17, 1759. 

Valentine Mayo & Ann Patterson, Mary b. June 2, 1759. 

James Woodson, & Eliz. Whitlock, Jennie b. May 2, 1760. 

Richard Clopton & Mary Davis, dau. Susannah b. June 27, 
Mr. Tho. Boiling & Elizabeth Gay, John b. Jan. 31, 1761. 
John Lewis & Elizabeth McBride, John b. April 5, 1761. 

Digitized by 


36 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Capt. Robert Burton & Judith La Force, Priscilla b. May 
29, 1761. 

Will Pryor & Sarah Wood, Patty b. April 6, 1761. 

John Woodson & Mary Mims, Jennie Booth b. Oct. 25, 1760. 

Mary Woodson, spouse to Thomas Woodson on Janito was 

Thomas & Mary Woodson, a son named Jacob, bom Mch 29, 

Benjamin Clopton & Aggie Morgan, Elizabeth b. May 5, 1760. 

Capt. John Really & Eliz. Randolph, William b. Dec. 26, 1760. 

Obadiah Smith & Mary Burks, Joseph b. Nov., 1761. 

David Cosby & Mary Johnson, Jeremiah b. Oct. 11, 1761. 

William Miller & Mary Heath, son named Heath-Jones Miller 
b. Dec. 19, 1761. 

Sam Pryor & Frances Morton, Samuel b. Jauv 12, 1762. 

James Cole & Mary Wills, Roscow b. Mar. 9, 1762. 

Alex"* Moss & Ann Thurmond, Joan b. Nov. 24, 1761. 

John Boiling & Mary Jefferson, John b. Mch 24, 1762. 

William Roberts & Eliz. Lewis, Jesse b. Apl 7, 17G2. 

John Curd & Lucy Brent, Elizabeth b. Feb. 25, 1762. 

John Really & Eliz. Randolph, James b. April 16, 1762. 

Thomas Smith & Jean Williams, John b. May 15, 1762. 

Richard Curd & Sarah Downer, Nannie Williams b. July 11,. 

(To be continued.) 


One of the most interesting estates on York River — ^perhaps 
the most interesting estate — is Bellfield, situated in the old 
Indian district of Chiskiack on the south side of the river about 
four miles above Yorktown. The estate is very old, though the 
name Bellfield does not appear to go back further than a hundred 
and twenty-five years. At this place King^s Creek and Fellgate^s 
Creeki form a bay, and the east side was first settled by Captain 

1 Named for Captain Robert Fellgate, who patented the land be- 
tween the two creeks. 

Digitized by 


Bellfield. 37 

John West and the west side by Captain John Utie, who in 1630 
led the first settlers to York Eiver. As chiefs of the emigration, 
they were each given 600 acres of land, while the ordinary settlers 
were allowed 50 acres. Captain John West was brother of Lord 
Delaware, and a member of the Virginia Council. About 1633 
there was bom at Bellfield the first white child born on York 
Eiver. This was Captain Wesf s son John. 

The country along the York rapidly filled with settlers, and 
Sir John Harvey established a plantation, in 1631, on the York 
Eiver below the present Yorktown at the mouth of Wormeley's 
Creek, and called it York. In 1635 the country was rife for 
revolt because of Harvey^s sympathy with the tobacco monopolists 
and the designs of Lord Baltimore to cut off Maryland from 
Virginia. Chiskiack and York were the centres of opposition to 
Harvey, who was deposed from his oflSce by the indignant colo- 
nists, and Captain John West, of Chiskiack, made governor in his 
stead. Harvey made a great row in England ; and West, John 
TJtie, and other leading colonists, were summoned to answer at 
home. Harvey, after two years, was sent back to govern Vir- 
ginia, but Captain West^s name was placed in the list of his 
councillors as muster-master-general in King Charles's own hand- 

Captain West continued to reside at Fellgate's Creek till 1650, 
when he removed to the forks of the York Eiver, where West 
Point, which took its name from him, now stands. 

By deed dated September 11, 1650, confirmed by a patent dated 
May 6, 1651, Captain John West and Anne, his wife, sold the 
plantation at Fellgate's Creek, then containing 1250 acres, to Ed- 
ward Digges, Esq. Digges was fourth son of Sir Dudley Digges, 
a distinguished English patriot and master of the rolls to King 
Charles I. He was an active enterprising man, and was made 
governor March 30, 1656, and continued in that oflBce till March 
13, 1658. He became much interested in the silk culture and 
had two Armenians on his estate skilled in the business. Among 
his correspondents in England was Virginia Ferrar, a daughter of 
John Ferrar, who was deputy treasurer of the London Company, 
in 1619, under Sir Edwin Sandys, the treasurer. This lady was 

Digitized by 


38 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

an enthusiast in the silk business, and had great ideas of the Vir- 
ginia silkworm because of its hardy character and greater size. 
But tobacco ruled the day, and the silk culture was gradually 
abandoned, even at Bellfield. Governor Digges lived till 1671, 
and his tombstone states that he was "the only promoter of the 
silk industry,'^ which is not exactly true, as there were many other 
persons in Virginia interested in the culture. 

Dudley Digges succeeded his father on the plantation, and the 
place continued in the Digges family till near the close of the 
18th Century. During most of this time it was known as the 
"E. D. Plantation'^ (Edward Digges Plantation), and was fam- 
ous for a brand of sweet scented tobacco called the "E Dees,'' 
remarkable for its mild taste and fine smell. Eev. Hugh Jones, 
in his Present State of Virginia (1724) states, that the crop was 
obtained by a particular seed and management rather than by the 
excellence of the soil, "which was poorer than a great deal of 
other land in the same neighborhood." 

William Digges, Jr. sold Bellfield in 1787 to William Waller, 
from whom it came to Eev. Scervant Jones, who advertised it for 
sale, in 1811, describing it as "1000 acres in York county, the 
only estate where the famous E. D. tobacco was raised, which 
never failed to bring in England one shilling on the pound, 
when other tobacco would not bring three pence." 

About 1840 Bellfield was owned by Robert McCandlish, a promi- 
nent lawyer, and intimate friend of John Tyler. Col. McCand- 
lish resided in Williamsburg, and was Tyler's neighbor. They 
were congenial companions and very fond of fishing, and many 
a famous outing was had by them at Bellfield, where the fishing 
in York River was fine. When Tyler became president, his 
thoughts would revert at times from the turmoil of his situation 
to the pleasant surroundings of Bellfield. "Does Bellfield look 
smilingly?" he asks of Col. McCandlish in a letter, ^^ould I 
were there with you." 

About the close of the 18th Century, the use of the cradle, then 
newly invented, made the culture of wheat a profitable industry 
in Virginia, and the raising of tobacco was discontinued, not 
only at Bellfield but throughout the Peninsula between the York 

Digitized by 


Heroines of Vibginia. 39 

and the James, which once bore the finest tobacco in Virginia. 
Thus this industry followed the silk culture into disuse, and the 
staple crops of the Peninsula became wheat and Indian com. 


1. Mrs. Forrest, wife of Thomas Forrest, gentleman, the first 
gentlewoman to come to Virginia. She arrived in the Second 
Supply, October, 1608. 

2. Anne Burrass, the maid of Mrs. Forrest, who married in 
December, 1608, John Laydon or Layton, a carpenter. This 
was the first marriage in the colony. 

3. Virginia Laydon, bom in Virginia, in 1609, the first child 
bom in the colony. It is a tribute to the settlers at Jamestown 
that she survived the "Starving Time*^ which succeeded her 
birth, during which most of the colonists perished. 

4. Pocahontas, daughter of the mighty prince Powhatan and 
"the nonpareil of her race.^^ Bom 1595, and buried in the 
Parish church at Gravesend, England, March 21, 1617. She 
was the wife of John Rolfe, councillor, secretary of state, antf 
the first raiser of tobacco (1612). 

5. Alice Proctor, who lived on Proctor's creek near Richmond,, 
and who, in 1622, defended her plantation against savages with; 
great bravery. She is referred to as ^^Mistress Proctor, a proper,, 
civill, modest gentlewoman/' She afterwards refused to obey 
the order of the council to abandon her house for a safer location 
at Jamestown, and would not retire till the officers threatened 
to bum it down. She was widow of John Proctor. 

6. Lady Margaret Wyatt, who came to Virginia, in 1621, with 
her husband. Sir Francis Wyatt, and of whom the poet wrote : 

But last of all that LAdy faire 

that woman worth renowne 
That left her Countrey and her friends 

to grace brave James his Towne. 

Digitized by 



The wife unto our Governor 

did safely here arrive 
With many gallants following her 

whom God preserve alive. 

What man would stay when Ladies gay 

both lives and fortunes leaves 
To taste what we have truly f owne — 

truth never man deceaves. 

She was the niece of Sir Edwin Sandys, the noble ajid loyal 
friend of Virginia. 

7. Virginia. Ferrar, who was the daughter of John Perrar, 
deputy treasurer under Sir Edwin Sandys in 1620. Her grand- 
father, Nicholas Ferrar, was one of the greatest friends of the 
colony, and in his capacious mansion, in London, after April, 
1619, the London Company held their meetings. Her uncle, 
Nicholas Ferrar, Jr., succeeded his brother as deputy treasurer 
under the Earl of Southampton, and was noted for his love of 
Virginia, his business capacity, scholarship and piety. Another 
uncle, William Ferrar, showed his interest in Virginia by set- 
tling there and founding the well known family of the Ferrars.^ 
Virginia Ferrar inherited the affections of her family for the 
colony, and though she never came to Virginia had a large cor- 
respondence with the principal planters. She had a silkworm 
factory at her father's beautiful home at Little Gidding in 
Huntingdonshire, and made many experiments in the breeding 
and raising of silk worms. She was particularly impressed with 
the superior size and hardihood of the silk worm found native to 
Virginia, and eagerly urged the culture in the colony. Out of 
the letters she received, her brother, a young scholar, made a 
paper of rhyming lines, which gives us an interesting insight into 
the times. Among the names of the planters that come in for 
commendation are those of Edward Digges, her "cousin^' Mrs. 
Mary Ward, her "kinsman'^ Esquire Ferrar, William Wright, of 
Nansemond, Col. George Ludlow, Major John Westrope, Sir 

1 The pronunciation of Ferrar was Farrar, the spelling adopted in 

Digitized by 


Convention of Texas, 1845. 41 

Hemry Chickeley, and Mr. George Lobs. Miss Perrar died at 
Little Gidding in the year 1687.2 

10. The wife of Anthony Haviland. Her husband is said to 
have been the first to gather the people in Baeon^s Rebellion, and 
to have indited the first declaration. She was sent post haste 
up and down the country as Bacon's emissary to carry his 
"declarations and papers." I have not ben able to ascertain her 
jnaiden name. 

11. Sarah Drummond, the wife of William Drummond, who 
was Bacon's leading adviser. She lived just west of the church 
tower at Jamestown. When others doubted, she picked up from 
the ground a small stick and broke it and said: "I fear the 
power of England no more than a broken straw.'^ She was 
probably the daughter of Edward Prescott, who, in his will, left 
her a lot at Jamestown. After the execution of her husband, she 
complained to the British government- in behalf of her five 

12. Lydia Chisman, wife of Major Edmund Chisman, who 
threw herself at Sir William Berkeley's feet and asked to be 
executed in his stead, because, as she said, she incited him to 
rebellion. Her husband died in prison and she married Thomas 
Harwood. Some years later she was killed by lightning. 

13. Sarah Grendon, the wife of Col. Thomas Grendon, Jr., 
who was the only woman excepted from pardon in the act of 
indemniiy and free pardon passed by the Grand Assembly in 
Pebruary, 167.7. She was charged with being "a great en- 
courager and assistfer in the late horrid Rebellion." 



Expression of the gratitude of this Convention to Ex-Presi- 
dent Tyler and his Cabinet. 

2 Force, TractSp III., The Reformed Virginian Silk Worm, 

Digitized by 


42 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Resolved, That the early and resolute stand taken by John. 
Tyler, whilst he was President of the United States, to restore 
Texas to the bosom of the Eepublican family has secured to him 
the gratitude and veneration of the people of Texas. 

Resolved, That the like sentiments are due to the assistance- 
afforded Mr. Tyler by the able members of his Cabinet, who with 
a noble enthusiasm espoused the cause of annexation as a national 
question, and co-operated faithfully in securing its consummation 
by the passage of the law which has enabled the people of Texas 
to become a portion of the Union. 

Resolved, That the President of this Convention be directed to 
furnish a certified copy^ of these Eesolutions to Mr. Tyler, and 
to each of the members of his cabinet, the Hon. John C. Calhoun, 
George M. Bibb, Wm. Wilkins, John Y. Mason, John Nelson, 
Charles A. Wicklif fe and to the families of A. P. Upshur & Gteo.^ 
W. Gilmer dec^. 

Adopted at Austin, Texas, July 8th, 1845. 

Thos. J. Busk, 

Attest: President. 

Jas. H. Eaymond, 

Secretary of the Convention. 


Communicated by Clarence A. Wyche, Roanoke Eapids, 

North Carolina. 

(Continued from Vol. XIV., 107.) 

The following notes taken from the Court records of Bruns- 
wick County by Judge N. S. TumbuU, of Lawrenceville, Va., 
have reference to 38 George^ Wyche, (G^orge,^ Henry^) of 
Meherrin Parish. 

At a Court held Jan. 1. 1746. George Wyche, Gent., in Com* 

1 This certified copy was found among the papers of Thomas 
Walker Gilmer. 

2 Error for Tliomas, 

Digitized by 


Wychb Family. 43 

mission of Peace dated at Williamsburg 28 Oct. last. (For some 
reason he did not qualify.) 

At a Court held December 1749, Qeorge Wyche, Gent., in Com- 
mission of Peace. He qualified as such & he is present on the 
Bench at this Court. 

At a CouA held 24 Sept., 1751, George Wyche, Gent., in 
Commission of Peace. He qualified as such & he is present on 
the Bench at this Court 

At a Court held 24 Sept., 1751, George Wyche, Gent, in the 
New Commission of Peace, & he qualified by taking the oaths 
appointed to be taken instead of the oaths of Allegiance & 
Supremacy, & took & subscribed the Test, & also took the oath of 
a justice of the Peace, & of a justice of the County Court in 

At a court held July term, 1754, George Wyche, Gent., and 
others as Vestrymen of the Parish of Meherrin in this County, 
severally took the oaths to His Majesty's Person & Government. 

At a meeting of the Vestry of St. Andrews Parish held 4 Feb., 
1750, George Wyche, Clerk of Meherrin Chappel, ordered to be 
paid 1000 lbs. of Tobacco for his services as such. 

At a meeting of the same held 8 Nov., 1751, George Wyche. 
Gent, appointed to procession the land.'^ 

The will of 38 George Wyche was proved in Greensville County, 
20th. June 1781, and names son Peter Wyche, dau. Rebecca 
Dupree, and ^other children.' According to family tree the 
issue was 146 Pteter, 147 Eebecca, 148 Thomas, 149 Ci/ril 150 
John. Nothing further is known of any but Peter. 

146 Petee^ Wyche (George,^ George,^ Henry^) of Bruns- 
wick County, was bom 30 Oct, 1748. He married 27, Dec. 
1775, Elizabeth Jenkins. He died Dec. 10, 1803, leaving no 
will, but the administration of his estate, recorded in Brunswick 
County, shows the following children : 151 John, 152 Sally, who 
married July 19, 1808, Lewis Reavis, 153 Elizabeth, married 
Dec. 15, 1807, Darnel Ross, and had a son Wyche Ross. 154 
James, 155 Mary, 156 Peter Peters, 157 George, 158 Thomas 
Ira, died 1829 without issue. 159 Beverley Granville, who mar- 

Digitized by 


44 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

ried June 1, 1826, Lucy G. Edmunds, and died without issue 

151 JoHN^ Wychb (Peter*), Sheriff of Brunswick County, 
married Sept. 3, 1802, Polly, dau. of Hubbard Hobbs; issue, 160 
Betsy Jenkins, died in childhood. 161 Hubbard H., 162 Martha 
Anne, who married Mr. John Fraser of Athens, Ala. 163 Peter 
J., 164 James, 165 Mary, 166 Sally. John Wyche married 
secondly, April 3, 1833, Mrs. Mari;ha E. Astrop, and they had 
one child, 167 John Bevil Wyche. 

154 James^ Wyche (Peter,* George,^ George,^ Henryi) ^,^g 
bom in Brunswick County Dec. 25, 1785. He married April 21, 
1806, Pamela Evans of Buckingham County, and they had issue, 
168 John Jenkins, 169 Martha Hendricks, 170 William Evans, 
171 Peter Peters, 172 Parry Wayne, 173 Ira Thomas, 174 Eliza- 
beth Jenkins, 175 Louisa Young, 176 George Edward, 177 Eobert 
Henry, 178 Cyril Granville, 179 Beveriey Granvillle, 180 Ben- 
jamin, 181 Charles Humphreys. In the year 1825, James Wyche 
removed to Granville County, North Carolina, where he lived 
until his death, Mch. 28. 1845. He several times represented 
Granville County in the State Legislature, being at the time of 
his death a member of the Senate. He was the first President of 
the Baleigh & Gaston R. R., and held this office until his death. 
Pamela Evans, his wife, was bom in Cumberland County, Va. 
Feb. 28. 1789., and died in Granville County N". C. Feb. 28. 1869. 
She was a daughter of Lieut. Wm. Evans of the Continental 
Army. See Quarterly, Vo. 13, p. 216. 

155 Mary^ Wyche, (Peter*) married Dec. 10, 1810, David L. 
Evans of Brunswick County, and had George, David, William 
and Thomas Wyche Evans. 

156 Dr. Peter Peters^ Wyche, died in Southampton County 
without issue, leaving his property to his brother James. Will 
dated Apr. 2'2. 1800. Proved July 21, 1817. 

157 George^ Wyche (Peter*), a lawyer, removed from Virginia 
to Mississippi about 1830. He was for a number of years Judge 
of Hinds County, Miss. He married Miss Wall of Virginia, 
sister of James and Michael Wall, and they had, 182 James E. 
183 Beverley Granville, 184 Fannie, married Mr. French, 185 

Digitized by 


Kennon Family. 45 

George, 186 Anna, married Mr. Morrison, 187 Mary, married 
Mr. Thomas. 

182 James E.^ Wychb (George^) born about 1825. He 
practiced law in Mississippi for several years, but removed about 
1855 to Omaha, and was appointed by Lincoln, Judge of Wash- 
ington Territory. He was re-appointed by Johnston, but re- 
moved by Grant as a Southern s}Tnpathizer. He married Anna 
Bancroft of Ohio, a sister of Bancroft the Historian. They had 
two children, 188 Stella Frances, and 189 Mary. He died Aug., 

183 BEVERI.BY Granville^ Wyche (George^) was born in 
N". C. 1832. He married in 1854 Sallie Gordon of Jackson, 
Miss., dau. of David Gordon, originally of Warrenton, Va., and 
they had 190 Gordon, 191 Thomas J. 

185 Dr. George^ Wyche (George^) of Grimes' County. 
Texas, born 1826, died Mch. 4, 1871. He married Flora Kent 
Kane, of Nashville, Tenn. She was a niece of Elisha Kent Kane, 
the famous explorer. Their children were 192 Eugene, 193 
Frances, 194 James Edmond, 195 Laura A., who married H. C. 
Cowan, 196 Bevil Morrison, 197 John Thomas, 198 Mary, 199 
Elizabeth. Most of these are now living in Texas. 

190 Gordon'^ Wyche, (Beverley G.®), bom Apl 4, 1857, in 
Jfavy Dept. Washington. Unmarried. 

191 Thomas J.^ Wyche (Beverley G.^), bom May 5, 1862. 
Married Dec. 11, 1894, Philippa Ludwell Taliaferro, dau. of 
Maj. T. S. Taliaferro, of Gloucester County, Va. Issue 200 
Philip Ludwell, bom June 8. 1899. 

(To be continued.) 


(Continued from Vol. XIV., 275.) 

37 Beverley^ Kennon (Eichard,^ Eobert,^ Richard,^ Richard^), 
commodore in the United States Navy, killed by the explosion 
of a gun on the steamer Princeton February 28, 1844, when 
Secretaries Upshur and Gilmer of President Tyler's Cabinet, 
lost their lives. He married Ist. Elizabeth Dandridge, youngest 

Digitized by 


46 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

daughter of William Dandridge Claiborne, of Liberty Hall, 
King William Co., who was a grandson of John Dandridge by 
his third wife Fanny Taylor of Henrico County; he married 2d. 
in 1842 Brittania Wellington Peter, of Georgetown, D. C, a great 
granddaughter of Martha Custis, wife of George Washington, 
who was daughter of John Dandridge. Issue by first marriage : 
94 Beverley, lieutenant U. S. Navy; Captain Confederate States 
Navy, and Colonel in the army of the Khedive of Egypt; 95 Wil- 
liam Dandridge died without issue. Issue by 2d. marriage 96 
Martha Armistead, married Dr. Armistead Peter. 

41. George Tarry^ Kennon (Richard,^ Robert,^ Richard,^ 
Richard^) married Anne, daughter of Roberi; Boush of Norfolk, 
and had issue 97 William Henr}^, Captain of Confederate Cal- 
valry, married 1858 Nannie Ambler, daughter of Edward Fisher, 
of Richmond and had issue: 98 Richard B, married Louisiana, 
daughter of Philip St. George Cocke; 99 Rebecca married Abel 
F. Mayo, of Richmond; 100 Catherine Lee married Major John 
F. Wren, 

98 Richard B.® Kbnnon (George T.,^ Richard,^ Robert,^ 
Richard,^ Richard,^) and Louisiana, his wife, had issue: 
101 Philip St George, born March 15, 1863, died infant, 102 
Courtney Byrd, 103 William Henry, 104 Louisiana Barraud, 105 
Rosalie Bradfori:, 106 Georgia, 107 Rebecca, 108 Sally Bowdin, 
109 aara Vemon. 

42 Erasmus^ Kennon (Richard,* Robert,^ Richard,^ Rich- 
ard^) married Anne daughter of Thomas Nelson, of Mecklenburg, 
married Anne daughter of Thomas Nelson, of Mecklenburg. 
Issue 110 George, died without issue. 111 William H., 112 Lucy, 
married Capt. Williams of Clarksville, 112 Elizabeth, married 
Captain Harris, of Mecklenburg, 113 Roberta, married Charles 
Wingfield, of New Orleans, 114 Sarah, married ligon, of New 
Orleans, 115 Nannie, married Dr. Clement Kennon, of Mecklen- 

Digitized by 


Virginia Families — ^English Pedigeebb. 47 


1. Bland. In Familiae Minorum Oentium, Vol. II., 421- 
428, is a splendid pedigree of the Blands of Virginia, descending 
from Roger Bland, Co. Westmoreland, temp. Henry VIII. 
The emigrants to Virginia were of the family of John Bland, 
an eminent merchant of London and Susanna Hambro, his wife, 
viz: (1) Susanna, a daughter who married Thomas Pierson, of 
Wiesbach, in the Isle of Ely, gent. He appeared to have emi- 
grated with his wife to the Northern Neck of Virginia, where the 
Pierson or Pearson family was well known; (2) Edward Bland, 
a son, of Lawne's Creek on James River, and of Kimages in 
Charles City county. He married Jane, daughter of his uncle 
Gregory Bland. She survived him, and married John Holm- 
wood, of Surry Co., and dying about 1664 was buried at West- 
over; (3) Giles Bland, a grandson, son of John Bland, a 
Spanish merchant who owned much property in Virginia. Giles 
Bland took part with Bacon and was executed; (4) Theodorick 
Bland, a son, who lived at Westover, and built the first church 
there. He married Anna, daughter of Col. Richard Bennett, of 
Virginia. After his death, in 1676, she married secondly, Col. St. 
Leger Codd, first of Lancaster Co., Va., and afterwards of 
Maryland. By this marriage she had a son named St. Leger 
Codd. Col. Codd, before his marriage with the widow Bland, 
married Anne, widow of David Fox. 

2. Coke. In Familiae Minorum Gentium, Vol. IL, 570-575. 
"John Coke went to Virginia and married there.*' (See Quar- 
IV., 284; VII., 127.) 

3. Lister: Ibid IL, 514-515. "Thomas and William Lister 
married in Virginia.'* They were sons of James Lister and 
Mary, dau. of William Issot, of Horbury. See Quarterly, 
III., 245. 

4. LuDWBLL. Chancery Proceedings, Charles I. Bills and 
Answers L, 55 Bundle; Emigrants, Thomas and Philip Ludwell. 
Prom the Ludwells of Bruton in Somersetshire. Quarterly, 
I., 110. 

Digitized by 


48 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

5. Power. An old document owned by the emigrant. Dr. 
Henry Power, apparently made out for him by the College of 
Heralds. See Quarterly, I., 210. 

6. Jenings. Le N"eve, Pedigree of Knights, 325. Emigrant,. 
Col. Edmund Jenings. Quarterly, III., 154. New York 
CuriOj I., p. 60. 

7. LiGHTFOOT. Berr}^, Northamptonshire. Emigrants, Phil* 
lip and John Lightfoot. Quarterly, II., 91 &c. 

8. Bathurst. Burke, Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies, p. 
46, Emigrant, Launcelot Bathurst came to Virginia about 1680. 
Quarterly, VII., 98-100. 

9. Brodn"ax. Berry, Kentish Oenedlogies. Emigrants, Major 
John Brodnax, died in 1657 in York county, and William and 
John Brodnax living in Virginia about 1700. Quabtbely^ 
VI., 60-61, XIV. 

10. Clerke or Clarke. Visitation of Kent, 1619, page 2. 
John Clarke, son of John Clarke, lived in Middle Plantation, 
Va., and died there about 1645. Quarterly, III., 37. 

11. DiGGES. Vidtation of Kent, 1619, page 64-65. Edward,. 
4th. son of Sir Dudley Digges, came to Virginia. Quarterly, I., 
80-89, 141-154, 208-213. 

12. WiATT. Visitation of Kent, 1619, page 142. Emigrant, 
Bev. Hawte Wiatt about 1621. Quarterly, III., 37. 

13. MoRYSON. Lincolnshire Pedigrees, 693. Emigrants 
to Virginia, Col. Francis Moryson, Richard and Robert 
Moryson brothers, and Henry Moryson, son of Col. Francis 
Moryson. Quarterly, IX., 122. 

14. Washington. FamUiae Minorum Oentium, IV., 1293. 
Emigrants about 1657, John and Lawrence Washington. 

15. Pott. FamUiae Minorum Oentinim, IV., 1238, Emi- 
grants, Dr. John Pott, governor of Virginia in 162'9; his brother 
Francis Pott, commander of the fort at Point Comfort; their 
niece Bridget Pott; nephew John Pott. They were evidently 
descended from Henry Pott of Harrop and Grace, his wife, who 
was daughter of John Pott, of Dunge, county York, and Bridget, 
his wife, daughter of Roger Jodrill. The nephew, John Pott, 
moved to Maryland and left descendants. 

Digitized by 


Virginia Families — ^English Pedigrbbb. 49 

16. Cbeykb. Familiae Minorum Gentium, III., 950 : Emi- 
grant, Henry Creke, born 16 July, 1637, captain of a merchant 
ship, was prominent in the records of Lancaster Co., Virginia, 
and married Alice Thacker, widow of Henry Corbin, and died 
in 1675. See Eecords of Lancaster Co., Virginia. 

17. Jackson. Familiae Minorum Oentium, III., 1070: 
Emigrants, Charles Jackson living in Virginia about 1640, and 
Ellen Jackson, who married in Virginia. 

18. Place. Familiae Minorum Genti/am, III., 921: Emi- 
grant, Eowland Place, of Dinsdale, Esq., member of the Virginia 
Council in 1680, born 1642, died 1713, married Priscilla, daugh- 
ter of Sir John Brooks, of Norton, county of York, Baronet. 

19. Kempe. Visitation . of Surry, 1530, 1572, 1623, page 
118: Emigrants, Richard Kempe, Secretary of State, and his 
nephew, Edmond Kempe, of Lancaster county. The former 
must have been son of Robert Kempe, Esq., of Gissing, in county 
Norfolk. In the Lancaster records is a notice of "a petition of 
Mr. Edmund Kempe, attorney to Sir Robert Kempe Kn't, (son 
of Robert Kempe, Esq.), against William Fissh," dated Jan. 4, 
1656. See Va, Mag. of Hist, & Biog,, II., 1713; III., 40. 

20. Thoroughgood. Visitation of Essex, page 607: Emi- 
grant, Adam Thoroughgood, who married Sarah Offley, Va. 
Mag. of Hist. <& Biog., II., 4, III., 1, V., 8. 

21. Goodwin. Visitation of London, Emigrant, Major James 
Goodwin, came to York Co., about 1650. See Quaetbrly, Vol. 
I., 236 ; V. Supplement to October number. 

22. Sandys. Visitation of London, Vol. I., 228, Emigrant, 
George Sandys, the Poet. 

23. Calthorp or Calthorpe, Visitation of Norfolk, 64-66 ; 
Blomefield, History of Norfolk, I., 58. Christopher Calthorpe 
came to Virginia in 1624. Quarterly, IL, 106-112, 160-169. 

24. Clayton. Le Neve, Pedigrees of Knights; Wallace, Hist 
Magazine for October, 1891. Emigrant, John Clayton about 
1700. Quarterly, IL, 236. 

25. Throckmorton. Kimber, Baronetage; Visitation of 
Huntingdonshire. Emigrant, Gabriel Throckmorton. Quar- 
terly, IL, 241-247. 

Digitized by 


50 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

26. Spencer. Visitation of Bedfordshire, pages 141, 156, 163. 
Emigrant, Col. Nicholas Spencer, President of the Council, 
Virginia Magazine, II., 32. 

27. WiNGATE. Visitation of Bedfordshire, page 199.. Emi- 
grant, Roger Wingate, treasurer of Virginia. 

28. Burwell. Visitation of Bedfordshire, page 199. Emi- 
grant, Lewis Burwell. Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison, 35. 

29. Chicheley. Visitation of Bedfordshire, page 33. Emi- 
grant, Sir Henry Chicheley, brother of Sir Thomas Chicheley. 
Virginia Mag. of Hist & Biog,, III., 226. 

30. Ludlow. New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ier, XL., 300, XLI., 65, XUI., 181-185, Emigrant, George Lud- 
low, member of the Council, Thomas Ludlow and John Ludlow, 
sons of Gabriel Ludlow, brother of George, and Sarah Ludlow, 
daughter of Gabriel, who married Robert Carter. 

31. Claiborne. Emigrant, William Claiborne, Va. Mag, of 
Hist. & Biog., I., 313. 

32. Readb. iinigrant. Col. George Reade. Virginia Maga- 
zine of History & Biography, VI., 407. 

33. WoRMELEY. Emigrants, Christopher Wormeley and 
Ralph Wormeley. Hayden, Va, Genealogies, 230. 

34. WooDHOUSE. Blomefield, History of Norfolk, Emigrant, 
Henry Woodhouse. Quarterly, I., 227-232. 

35. Bacon. Emigrant, Nathaniel Bacon, President of the 
Council and his cousin Nathaniel Bacon, the Rebel. They are 
represented in Virginia by the descendants of Abigail Smith, 
niece of President Nathaniel Bacon, and who married Major 
Lewis Burwell. 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

Eeminisoences. 51 

By a Warwicker. 

The January, 1906 number of W. & M. Quarterly was very 
interesting to me as it talked about things on my own "dungle." 

The "Kearbys," as we always called them were many, in the 
upper part of Warwick on the York line, and lower " Jeames City." 
There was a Bennett Kearby, a tall, straight, fine looking old 
fellow, with white hair, blue eyes, and rosy face, a typical Eng- 
lishman, living on the road from Blow^s Mill towards the Grove 
Wharf, on the right-hand side, and in front of the Martin's Hun- 
dred gate. He wore a tall, white fur hat, and a white neck-tie ; 
and was called Colonel Kearby; there were colonels in that day 
too. One of my earliest recollections, was a blaze-face, sorrel 
mare, with four white feet, a natural pacer, named "Sally," said 
to have been won at a game of cards from Colonel Kearby by a 
neighbour of mine. 

Kerby, Kirby, Kirkby, are the names of many places and 
parishes in England, mostly the northern part. Kirk, the first 
part of the word, comes from a far off Greek word, and means 
God's House. The last syllable, by, is from the Danish, and 
means a settlement; so the word means a church-village. At 
first churches were built, and people gathered around them ; now 
villages are made first, and then churches are built. There was 
another Kearby named Bannister. 

Soon after the settlement of Martin's Hundred it passed into 
the hands of the Harwoods ; and is now held by some of the de- 
scendants. We called them "Horrod ;" now, they call themselves 
Hah' wood. ^^Mr. Big Himiphrey Horrod," of Mulbury Island 
owned Martin's Hundred. I can remember hearing talk of how 
he used to vote, (before 1850) in Warwick, and then ride to 
Jeames City to vote again, as a man had a vote in every county 
in which he owned land. 

The "Grove Wharf," then owned by Thomas Wynne, was 
where we took ship when we wanted to go to Norfolk, or Rich- 
mond ; the wharfage for a person was ninepence, 12^4 cents. 

Mr. Big Humphrey "Horrod," was a very big man, and one of 

Digitized by 


52 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

the rich farmers; he made all his fortune himself; never spent 
anything, but saved all the money he made. People had no use 
for money then, except to pay taxes, doctors' bills, and children's 
schooling. They made everything for themselves. He used to 
wear homespun clothes, and brogan shoes. I did the same; as 
everybody else did. He was a member of the House of Dele- 
gates before my recollection, and when there he wore a red velvet, 
double-breasted waistcoat, with buttons made of ten cent pieces. 
I saw that myself. 

I was born in Mulbri'land, and was a neighbour of Mr. Har- 

Mulbury Island, and Saxon's Goal, were represented in the 
Assembly of 1631-2, by Thomas Harwood, and Captain Thomas 

Mulbury Island is a neck of land between Warwick and James 
Rivers. When the tides are high, it is an island, formed by the 
water from Butler's Gut, on the Warwick river side; and another 
creek, I have forgotten the name of it, on the James river side. I 
have seen often the water running under the bridge that made 
the island, the ground under the bridge being usually dry. But- 
ler's Gut waa the dividing line between my father's land, and 
"Sweet Springs," owned by Mr. Harwood. 

I think you are wrong about the tombstone of John B. Gary, 
Jr. "Pear-Tree" Hall is the burying ground of the Carys. It 
is now owned by descendants of the Tabbs, and is about a mile 
from Warwick C. H., Denbigh, on the road to Denbigh Church, 
and N"ewport's News. Young John B. Gary was the son of Col- 
onel John B. Gary, and Columbia [Hudgins] Gary, and died just 
before the war, was buried in the old burying ground. Colonel 
Gary settled in Richmond, and gathered a handsome fortune, and 
was entitled to it, as he was a good man. I remember he said to 
me once that he expected that he would be the last of the Carys 
to be buried at Pear-Tree Hall, as his son Archie was bom in 
Richmond, and married there. But, Colonel Gary was not buried 
in Warwick; he having died in Richmond, was buried in Holly- 
wood; I know, as I was one of the pall-bearere, having been 
chosen as a relic of the "Lower Peninsula." Warwick used to be 
full of Carys, but there is not a one left. 

Digitized by 


Reminiscences. 53 

Ned Tabb used to own Pear-Tree Hall, and when his two sons 
enlisted in the '"Warwick Beauregards/' Co. H., 32d Virginia 
regiment, he gave them a n^ro boy named Billy to wait on them. 
Billy served faithfully through the war and went back to War- 
wick, where he is known by the whole community as "Billy 
Eebel." Some times when he is not very careful of his neigh- 
bour's good, and he is reminded of it, he says : "Well sir, when I 
was in the army I leamt to take things;" and it is usually re- 
ceived as a good plea. 

I used to put up at the "Ealeigh Tavern" when I staid over 
night in Williamsburg, that was not often, as I lived only eigh- 
teen miles oflf, and I did not think that anything as I had a good 
buggy mare, and have left Williamsburg at 11 o'clock at night, 
and at 13.30 would be in my yard at home. A man named 
Blassingham, Robert, I think, kept the tavem; we used to call 
him Blassingh'm. He was accused of having burnt the Tavem 
to get the insurance, on the ground of giving a dog a bad name. 
The last time I was there was in October 1859, just before I left 
Virginia to go to sea as a young Assistant Surgeon in the United 
States Navy. I have lodged in a room in the "Haleigh" where 
it was said three men had committed suicide; but it did not in- 
terfere with my sleep ; and I saw no "ghoses." 

"Apollo," not the Apollo, was the name of the dining room> 
where I have eaten meals. It was named after the "Apollo," 
a famous club held at Devil Tavem, near Temple Bar, London, 
frequented by Ben Jonson, Randolph, Herrick, and other all^d 
wits. "Apollo" was entered from one end, and opposite was 
the fireplace between two doors ; over the fireplace was a mantel- 
piece about six feet high, around the ceiling was a wooden cor- 
nice; over the mantel-piece, and near the cornice was a Latin 
motto that I sought for several years to put in the revised edition 
of the Virginia Word-Booh, with the name of the room. Know- 
ing that Mr. Charles S. Stringfellow, of Richmond, had been in 
Williamsburg, I asked him about it ; he remembered that there 
had been a motto; but had forgotten the words. He said he 
would ask Judge Clopton, of Manchester, the son of our 
Judge Jno. B. Clopton of glorious memory. Clopton said: 

Digitized by 


54 William and Maey College Quarterly. 

"I reckon I do remember it, as I sat in front of it for years when 
my mother kept school in that room." Stringfellow said, that 
when Clopton repeated the first word, he himself finished the 
quotation without any trouble. The motto was, "Hilaritas 
Sapientiae et bonae vitae proles;" ["Jollity the offspring of 
wisdom and good life."] I have the motto now before me in 
Mr. Stringfellow's handwriting. 

When I saw Williamsburg again in 1861, it was full of sol- 
diers, the first year of the war. "Big Ben Hansford," kept the 
"City Hotel," on the left-handed side of the street going from 
the Court-House Green towards the College. I have not been in 
Williamsburg since, and have only seen the back-fences from the 

Benjamin H. Green. 


With the exception of the Monitor^ probably no war vessel of 
the old Federal navy is better known to-day in Virginia than the 
Pawnee, She was innocently the occasion of a great commotion 
among the people along James Eiver in the early months of the 
war. At first the rivers were almost without defence, and it 
would have been an easy matter for a warship to have gone all 
the way to Eichmond, without encountering any serious difii- 
culties. Xot long after the secession of Virginia, April 17, 
1861, a rumor started and gained great credence that the warship 
Pawnee was coming up James Eiver to take Eichmond. In 
Williamsburg, the Home Guard was called out, and in Eichmond 
there was the greatest excitement and confusion. The bells 
tolled, the whistles blew, and the militia hurried under arms. 
Every moment the smoke of the dreaded Pawnee was expected 
to appear on the horizon. But it was all a scare without any 
foundation whatever. The Pawnee was resting in quiet security 
near Old Point without dreaming of creating any disturbance 
up the river. The incident is known as the 'Tawnee Scare," 
and old citizens of Eichmond go back in their memories and 
liken to it any very bad panic in business, or other matters. 

Digitized by 


Thb Pawnee. 65 

The Pawnee was constructed at the United States Navy Yard 
at Portsmouth, Virginia, and launched in 1859. She was con- 
trived on a new pattern and was considered one of the most 
formidable ships of the old United States Navy. She was one 
of the ships which attempted to bring reinforcements to Fort 
Sumter in April, 1861, and was afterwards employed, under 
Commander S. C. Rowan, as a blockade vessel on the Atlantic 
Coast. The following letter from Captain James Jarvis, who 
came of a family in Mathews county, Virginia, interested for 
many years in nautical matters, to John W. GrifiBth, the United 
States naval architect, gives some details of her launching, and is 
interesting in other respects. 


Ocean House, Portsmouth, Va., 
October 4tli, 1859. 
My Dear Sir: 

I rec'd yours of the 11th Inst, yesterday. I had read In the papers 
of your beautiful launch. I congratulate you that all's well, there 
have been so many failures and accidents recently in launching our 
public armed ships that the people began to be afraid that there was 
great danger in launching ships of great lengths. Tour ship went 
oft with a Chrace that will, I am sure, in some future day, adorn the 
best society with Grace, wisdom and beauty. I feel proud that Miss 
Tyler, the Grand Daughter of our own honest John, performed the 
pleasant part of pouring the wine on the brow of the "Pawnee." 
Perhaps she is as near akin to the Aborigines as any Lady you could 
have had the pleasure to have selected, for her ancestors on this side 
the Atlantic were all bom near James Town, Va. I knew both her 
Grand Fathers. I am not acquainted with Robt. Tyler, Esq., but I 
am positively fond of the family — ^because / do think a great deal of 
Ex-President Tyler. I difter with him politically because I am yet 
a whig; but as a Gentleman, as an honest man, no man living in my 
mind excells him of whom I feel proud to speak. I was so fortunate 
as to dine at Williamsburg, Va. last Tuesday with the Grand Father 
of Grace Tyler, daughter of Robert, and was the first to inform him 
that his Grand Daughter, "Grace," christened the "Pawnee." May 
Miss Tyleri live to be a model Lady as the Pawnee will be, I am 

1 Miss Grace Tyler was then a little girl. She afterwards married 
John Scott, and is now a widow living in Alabama. 

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56 William and Maey College Quaeterly. 

sure, a Model Rlece of Naval architecture. Success to the young 
Lady, to you, and your first bom Ship of State. 

I will write you again in a day or two and tell you of Mr. P. what 
he said on reading of the successful launch of your ship. I was in 
company with the EZx-President last Tuesday night and was delighted 
to hear him tell of other days, of other times, of by gone days of old 
William and Mary College. I was in Williamsburg to assist in put- 
ting on the Cape Stone of the new College.l The Ex-President pre- 
sided at the dinner table; no one living could have better filled the 
responsibility, for he is Great in speach & rich in virtue. He always 
acts towards me as a refined old Virginia Gentleman. God bless 
you. Respectfully, 

James Jabvis. 

John W. Griffith, Esq. 

N. B. — I have asked the Editor of the Transcript to publish the 
account of history of the Launch of the Pawnee. 

1 After the fire of February 19, 1859, the College was rebuilt on the 
same walls. The capstone was laid by the Grand Lodge of Masons 
with imposing ceremonies, after which there was a banquet 
at which President Tyler presided. In a private letter to his son, Mr. 
Tyler wrote October 19, 1859: "I have just returned from Williams- 
burg to the Masonic consecration of the College and presided at their . 
dinner. Never have I witnessed more enthusiasm than on my 
being toasted. The cheering was immense. I never spoke better. 
Every sentence was followed by loud applause. I was twice after 
toasted with rapturous applause." Letters and Times of the Tylers, 
II., 547. 

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Extracts from Diary op Charles Copland. 57 


(Continued from Quarterly, XIV., 230.) 

Commxinicated by Anna Melissa Graves. 

Will of Charles Copland. 

I Charles Copland of the City of Richmond in the State of 
Virginia do declare this writing to be my last Will and testa- 


Immediately after my marriage with my beloved wife, I de- 
termined (unsolicited and unthought of by her) not to have a 
claim to my own use any property she then owned, or might 
thereafter own. I never committed that determination to 
writing, but have strictly adhered to it, and although, I as her 
husband have, from legal necessity been obliged to join with her 
in conveying property, she had chosen to sell, yet I never took a 
dollar of the purchase money to my own use, she had the whole 
of it and has always had the free control and use of it, free from 
any persuasion or hindrance on my part — It is her own, I claim 
no part of it. I give and devise forever to my wife my unim- 
proved lot of ground in Richmond, which I bought of Reuben T. 
Hamilton, and is distinguished in the plan of the city by the 
number 716. I also give and bequeath to her all my household 
and kitchen furniture, except such of my silver spoons as are 
marked with the letters R. N". and a soup ladle so marked — ^And 
these excepted spoons and soup ladle I give to my daughter 
Mary Brown. 


I give and devise forever in trust to Chapman Johnson of 
Richmond, Henry B. Watkins of Prince Edward and Joseph 
CabeU of Nelson, and to the survivors and survivor of them my 
lot of ground, tenement and appurtenances situate on the North 
side of E. Street in the City of Richmond, and usually caUed by 
me the Vendue tenement from its having been formerly used as 
a vendue store. The said trustees, or the survivors or survivor 

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58 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

of them, will at public or private sale sell the said tenement and 
convey it to the purchaser, and the nett proceeds of sale they 
will divide as follows, two tenth parts thereof to my wife, four 
tenth parts thereof to my daughter Mary Brown, one tenth part 
thereof to my son William, one tenth part thereof to my Grand- 
son John Copland, one tenth part thereof to my Granddaughter 
Margaret, and the remaining tenth part shall dispose of as I shall 
hereafter direct. The several tenants that now occupy the Ven- 
due rent by the year but pay quarterly — any rent that may be 
unpaid at the time of my death or that may become due before a 
sale of the property shall be made, will be received from the 
tenants and equally divided between my wife and my daughter 
Mary Brown. Any one of the trustees will receive and so divide 
the rents. None of the legatees interested in this division shall 
in any manner whatever bargain for or dispose of their interest 
before a sale shall be made of the property by the trustees ; but if 
any of them shall do so, such bargain or disposition shall be 
utterly void and shall be wholly disregarded by the trustees when 
they shall make a division of the nett proceeds of sale of the said 


I give and devise to my son Alexander my lot of land on the 
Muskingum river, in the State of Ohio, distinguished as lot num- 
ber Three (3) in a survey and plan or map made for me by John 
Eoberts in August in the year 1820, and which lot of 
survey contains two hundred and ninety four acres and the 
fractional part of an acre. The lot of land here mentioned is a 
part of the second quarter of the second township in the seventh 
range, and which quarter Township was granted to me by the 
United States in August, 1800, by a patent signed by John Adams 
then President of the United States. I also give and devise for- 
ever to my said son the three following small lots or pieces of 
ground namely, the lot Xo. 45 in Mayo's addition to the City 
of Bichmond. The lot opposite Warwicks Warehouse (formerly 
called Eocketts Warehouse) which I bought of Richard Young 
executor of J. Allan and the lot No. 3x at Port Mayo which 
I bought of William Mayo. 

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Extracts from Diary of Charles Copland. 59 

fourth section. 

I emancipate and set free my three male slaves, namely Jack, 
a mulatto man, by trade a cooper but now my dining room ser- 
vant, Daniel and Ben black men, and blacksmiths by trade; 
They are all able bodied men and good workmen. My good old 
mulatto woman, Molly and her daughter Maria may either live 
with and serve my wife or my daughter Mary Brown or may live 
by themselves — ^MoUy is too old to leave the State and her 
daughter Maria would not leave her mother ; but my Executors 
or the survivors of them will when required by Maria emancipate 
and set her free in due form. But of the provisions I make in 
this testament for my wife, my daughter Mary Brown and my 
son William, I desire that each of them will contribute one hun- 
dred dollars and divide it equally between the five colored people 
named in this section. And, moreover, I urge it upon my wife, 
my said daughter and my said son, never to sufEer Molly to want 
the comforts of life, suitable to her condition. 


I give and devise forever to my son William my lot of land on 
the Muskingum Eiver in the State of Ohio distinguished as lot No. 
two (2) in the same survey plan or map made by John Boberts as 
mentioned in the third section of this testament, and containing 
as by that survey three hundred and four acres and the fractional 
part of an acre ; and this lot of land is a part of the same quarter 
township as is the lot No. (3) three devised to my son Alexander.- 
About three years ago I resolved (but did not make a vow) that 
I never would thereafter be in debt to the amount in the whole 
of one thousand dollars and I have strictly adhered to that reso- 
lution. I can however imagine events that nlight induce me to 
depart from that resolution but I hope that no such event will 
ever occur — ^Laying aside two hundred and sixty eight dollars 
mentioned in my answer in a suit in Chancery by the attorney 
general (Eobertson) against Mary W. Rinds, myself and others, 
and fifty dollars I promised to pay for my son Alexander and 
about eighty dollars I owe for 425 bushels of coal had from the 
Black Heath Coal Company from their yard opposite Rocketts, 

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60 William and Maby College Quarterly. 

I say with these exceptions, I can truly and confidently say that 
all the debts I owe do not amount to one hundred dollars. If 
at the time of my death the debts I may then owe shall not ex- 
ceed one thousand dollars, my son William out of the provision 
made for him in this testament shall pay the same, but if they 
shall exceed one thousand dollars, he shall not be bound to pay 
the excess over one thousand dollars. The sum of Fifty dollars 
spoken of in this section is due to the estate of Ludowick Goodall 
formerly of Barren County, Kentuckey. 


As the amount of debts owing from me is but small, so on the 
other hand the amount of good debts owing to me is also small 
except the .... due to me from John Parkhill. All of which 
debt due to me from John Parkhill I hereby release to him and 
acquit him of fully and completely. All personal estate which 
I may have at the time of my death (except all such as I have 
herein before bequeathed or disposed of) my executors will sell 
the nett proceeds, whereof together with what money I may have 
on hand either in or out of bank, and what debts they shall collect 
shall form one fund and shall be equally divided between my wife 
and my daughter Mary Brown. The lot or piece of ground in Rich- 
mond whereon my said daughter Mary Brown now resides, I 
gave to her in the year 1808, and I now confirm that gift. The 
provision I have made for my wife in this testament is in full 
for her dower in my Eeal estate and distributive share in my 
personal estate. I have not named my son Robert in this testa- 
ment but shall do so in a codicil. I appoint Executors of this 
testament, George Nicholson Johnson, son of Chapman Johnson, 
and my grandson John Copland ; and having entire confidence in 
their integrity, I desire that no security shall be required of them. 
My affairs are all straight and in good order, and not mingled up 
with entanglements, and will I believe give little trouble to my 
Executors ; they will take care to preserve my papers in the order 
I left them, and my books of accounts. My last Ledger always 
shows the state of my affairs,, except that it may be, that I may 
owe some small, very small debts not entered in my books, but T 
deal not on credit in any stores but the remark I here make is to 

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Extracts from Diary of Charles Copland. 61 

what my last ledger always shows is only intended to apply to the 
268 dollars, 50 dollars and about 80 dollars mentioned in the fifth 
section of this testament. This last will and testament was 
written with my own hand, and to which I subscribe my name 
and affix my seal — February, 1836. 

Chas. Copland [seal]. 

A Codicil to my Will. 

I am grieved to think that it may happen that my son Robert 
may not share in any property I have. I would give him un- 
conditionally the lot of ground I live on, if it were prudent to do 
so. The lot of ground here spoken of would now readily sell for 
two thousand dollars, but the amount of debts owing by my said 
son is probably three times greater than that sum. And if I were 
to give him this lot of ground, if he should hereafter be com- 
pelled to take the insolvent debtor's oath, to relieve himself from 
confinement he would in law and in conscience be bound to sur- 
render the lot to his creditors, in doing which he would derive no 
relief from his debts save only from so much as the lot would sell 
for. If, indeed, I could foresee that his creditors would give him 
a full discharge on receiving the proceeds of the sale of the lot, 
to be divided between them ratably, according to the amount of 
their several claims, I would most cheerfully direct the lot to be 
sold and the proceeds to be so applied, that my son might be 
restored to his freedom, for a man in debt beyond what he can 
pay is not free. In the event of my son Robert prevailing in a 
suit or suits that he is engaged in, at N'ew Orleans, he will be 
able to pay all his debts. The suit or suits I allude to is for the 
recovery of land which he claims in or near New Orleans. I give 
and devise forever to James Marshall of Fauquier* County and to 
Henry Moncure of the City of Richmond and to the survivor of 
them, the lot of ground above referred to, fronting on H Street, 
and whereon I now live, in trust for the following purposes: 
First, that if my wife shall choose herself to the said lot 

of ground for twelve or fourteen months after my death she shall 
have liberty to do so free of rent. Secondly, in case my son 
Robert shall prevail in the suit or suits -above alluded to and gets 

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62 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

acquitted by his creditors of the debts he owes them within three 
years after my death, that then the said trustees or the survivor 
of them shall convey the said lot of ground to my son. Thirdly, 
if my s^d son shall not get so acquitted of his debts within the 
period aforesaid, and shall within that period be a married man, 
that then the said trustees or the survivor of them shall sell the 
said lot of land- and shall invest the proceeds in the best way they 
can for the separate use of the wife my said son may have, and of 
their children and free from all liability to be taken for the pay- 
ment of his debts, and in the drawing of any deeds or other 
papers to affect that object, to consult and employ able counsel. 
Fourthly, in case my said son shall not within three years from 
my death be acquitted by his creditors as aforesaid, or shall 
within the said three years (not having obtained such an ac- 
quittance from his creditors) die a bachelor, that then the said 
trustees or the survivors of them shall sell the said lot of ground, 
and give the nett proceeds of sale to any one or more of my chil- 
dren (not grandchildren) that the trustees or the survivor of 
them shall think best, and if to more than one in such propor- 
tions as they shall think best, and of what shall be best the said 
trustees or the survivor of them shall be the sole and absolute 
Judges. In using the words "to any one or more of my chil- 
dren" I meant to any one of more of my children that should be 
then alive. This Codicil was written wholly with my own hand 
March, 1836. 

Chas. Copland. 

I believe that James l^Iarshall and Henry Moncure named in 
this Codicil have each of them a double name. If it be so or not 
there can be no doubt that I mean James Marshall, a son of the 
late Chief Justice, and Henry Moncure, a son of the late William 

Chas. Copland. 

Another Codicil to my will of Februar}^ last. 

The piece of ground I own on Locust Street in Eichmond, in 
front on that street twenty seven feet six inches, and back of the 

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Extracts pbom Diary of Charles Copland. 63 

same with 128 feet to an Alley of eight feet, being a part of lot 
No. twelve in Mayo's addition, as by a map or plan of that addi- 
tion of record in the former District Court of Richmond, I give 
and devise forever to my daughter Mary Brown and after the 
expiration of two years from my death and at a fit season. She 
shall sell the same land as she shall be advised by her friends at 
public or private sale. It would now sell for fifty dollars a foot 
at least. One half of the nett proceeds I give to her and the 
other half I give to my grand daughter Mary Ann Parkhill. 
This lot of land will increase in value, and therefore I have in- 
hibited the sale of it until the expiration of the time above men- 
tioned. This Codicil was written with my own hand. 

Chas. Copland, 
June, 1836. 

Charles Copland is buried in the Church Yard of St. John's Church, 
Richmond. The tomb is the old-fashioned type of a brick rectang- 
ular shaped substructure, with a marble slab for a top, the tomb 
covering the whole ^ave. The inscription Is as follows: 

Died 24 Nov. 1836 
Aged about 80 years 
A member of the Richmond Bar, he was highly re- 
spected for good sense and for proverbial diligence, 
punctuality and honesty. In private life he was an 
exemplar of the domestic and social virtues. The poor, 
the widow and the orphans, his servants, children, 
wife and many friends bless his memory and mourn his 

To the Memory of 

a tender Father and a Pious Man 

the filial duty of his sunriving 

children has erected this 


On one side of him lies his first wife and on the other his second 
wife. Next to his first wife, our common grandmother, is her father, 
Robert Nicolson, and on the other side of Robert Nicolson lies 

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64 William and Mary College Quaetbrly. 

Thomas Nicolson, the son of Robert and brother of Rebecca Ck)pland. 
There are no other tombs in the lot. 

Rebecca Nicolson, the first wife of Charles Copland, was a daughter 
of Robert Nicolson and Mary Waters. In the License bonds on file 
in York Co. Clerk's office is this notice: "4th Feb. 1786 Charles 
Copland to Rebecca Nicolson. Security Robert Nicolson, witness 
Wm. T. Allen." In the Virginia Oazette (taken from the Wm. and 
Mary Quabterly, Vol. XII, No 4, p. 274) is the following notice of 
the marriage: "On Saturday last was married Charles Copland, Esq. 
to Miss Becky Nicholson, youngest daughter of Mr. Robert Nicholson 
of Williamsburg." The Nicolson family (at that time spelled Nich- 
olson as often as Nicolson) seems to have lived both in Yorktown 
and in Williamsburg. The Virginia Oazette speaks of Robert Nich- 
olson as of Williamsburg, yet the license is taken out in York County. 
Bishop Meade speaks of the Nicholsons as being among the promi- 
nent families in Yorktown. Mrs. Copland's brother Robert lived 
in Yorktown and a house called the Nicolson House near the Nelson 
House is still standing unless it has been very recently demolished. 
The family married into most of the prominent families of Virginia. 
Mrs. Copland's brother, Robert, married Elizabeth Digges, daughter 
of Dudley Digges and Sara Wormeley of Rosegill, her brother 
Andrew Nicolson married Elizabeth's sister Judith Digges. The 
marriages of her nephews and nieces are as follows: George Dudley 
Nicolson married Sarah Tayloe Wormeley, Sallie Berkeley Nicolson 
married Peyton Randolph Nelson of Yorktown, Elizabeth Nicolson 
married Col. T. N. Burwell, of Botetourt Co., Rebekah Nicolson mar- 
ried Rev. George Woodbridge, of the Monumental Church. Richmond. 
Margaret Nicolson married Robert Gwathmey, of Liverpool, and of 
Richmond. Elizabeth Nicolson married Carter Braxton Page. Mary 
Ann Nicolson married the "eminent Jurist" (Bishop Meade) Chap- 
man Johnson. (The above are all the marriages of her nephews and 
nieces which have been ascertained as yet.) 


The following appeared not long since in a newspaper, and 
deserves a more permanent depositary: 

The following is so remarkable an instance of longevity in a 
family, consisting of five sisters and one brother, now living, that 
I am induced to send it to yon for publication in your useful 

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The Pollard Family. 65 

The account is taken from the Bible now in the family, re- 
corded in the handwriting of the late venerable Judge Pendleton, 
who at his death, which happened on the 26 of October, 1803, 
in his eighty-third year, was attending his duty as president of 
the Supreme Court of Appeals, in Eichmond : 

"Sarah Pollard, born the 4th, May, 1725, was married the 20th 
June, 1743, to Judge Pendleton. She is now in her 90th year.'* 

"Anne Pollard, born the 22d February, 1732. She is now in 
her eighty-third year*' — ^married a Mr. Taylor and was mother of 
Colonel John Taylor, of Caroline, the great statesman. 

"Elizabeth Pollard (now Meriwether), born October, 1736, is 
now in her 76th year. These three ladies live under one roof — 
keep no housekeeper — families entire." 

"Thomas Pollard, born September 30th, 1741, is nearly 73. 
He rode on horseback from Kentucky, a year or two ago, and 
means to return shortly." 

^T^illy Pollard, now married to Colonel Edmund Pendleton, 
was born the 12th of May, 1747, and is now in her 68th year, 
and lives within two miles of her sisters." 

"Jane Pollard, now the wife of Thomas Underwood, was bom 
the 25th of May, 1.744, and is in her 71st year, living in Han- 

"Joseph Pollard, the father of the above, died 26th December, 
1791, nearly 91." 

"Priscilla Pollard, the mother, died 26th July, 1795, above 91." 

A chart of the Pollard family so far as I have any historical 
account of them, and more particularly my own branch of the 
family is as follows: 

My great-grandfather, Joseph Pollard, was bom, so far as I 
can ascertain, in the county of King and Queen and raised his 
family there. In 1754, when 67 years of age, as I have been in- 
formed by my father, he moved to the county of (Joochland. 
Consequently he must have been bom about the year 1687. He 
married Miss Priscilla Hoomes, of Caroline county, and had nine 
children, two sons and seven daughters. 

Of the daughters I shall speak first. 

1. One married a Mr. Watkins and left no issue. 

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66 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

2. Another married, first, a Mr. Dandridge and afterwards a 
Mr. Underwood, and left no issue. 

3. Another married Mr. Edmund Pendleton ,of Caroline, a 
distinguished lawyer, who afterwards became judge of the Court 
of Appeals of Virginia, and was president of the court for many 
years, and died holding that position. They left no issue. 

4. Another married a Mr. Taylor, of Caroline, and had an 
only son, John Taylor ( of Caroline, who was a colonel in the 
Eevolution of 1776, became a distinguished politician, was a 
member of the United States Senate, and was the author of 
several political works. He was one of the most successful farm- 
ers in his day and made a large fortune. He, I think, had four 
sons, two of whom died during the lifetime of their father. Wm. 
P., one of the sons, was once a member of Congress, died during 
the war between the United States and the Confederate States, 
without issue, leaving his fortune, which he inherited from his 
father, to two nephews. George Taylor, the youngest of the four 
sons, lives (now 1870) in King William county. 

5. Another married a Mr. Meriwether, who left a number of 
children, all of whom moved South, except one, who married a 
Mr. Wilson, of Eichmond, Va., and has a grandson residing there 
named James Winston, is now, 1870, secretary and treasurer of 
the R. F. and P. R. R. Co., and a very worthy man. 

6. Another married a Mr. Rogers, of Spotsylvania county. 
She left two children, a son and a daughter. Thomas, the son, 
was raised a clerk in Hanover office under my uncles, William 
and Tliomas Pollard, and afterwards moved to the State of Ken- 
tucky and married at quite an advanced age (being upwards of 

sixty), and left an only daughter, who married a Mr. , 

a Presbyterian clergyman, and who lives near Bowling Qreen, 
Ky. He obtained a large property by her. The daughter mar- 
ried a Mr. Underwood, of Goochland county, and had several 
children, among whom are two sons, Joseph and Warner, who 
moved to Kentucky under the auspices of their uncle, William 
Rogers. They are both distinguished lawyers. Joseph was first 
made judge of one of the State courts of Kentucky, resigned his 
seat upon the bench and served one term as United States 

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The Pollard Family. 67 

Warner has represented his district in Congress of the United 
States. They both reside now, 1870, in Bowling Green, Ky., 
and have large and interesting families. 

7. The youngest, whose name, I think, was Priscilla, married 
Colonel Edmund Pendleton, of Caroline, nephew of Judge 
Edmund Pendleton. They left quite a numerous family. One 
of the sons became clerk of Caroline county, one of the daughters 
married a Mr. Turner, of Caroline county ; the others I have lost 
sight of. 

8. Thomas, one of the sons, resided for many years in 
Spotsylvania county, raised his family there and then moved to 
Kentucky. I know one of his sons, Joseph, who married a Miss 
Thornton, of Caroline. He was a lawyer by profession. He 
moved to Kentucky and carried his family with him. One of 
his sons, Peter Thornton, returned to Virginia and married a 
Miss Fauntleroy, of this county (King and Queen county). He 
has two daughters here. One married a Mr. Eoy and the other 
is still single. The other branches of this family I know 
nothing of, but suppose they are scattered through the West. 
Peter Thornton Pollard and his wife are both dead. 

9. William, the other son, who settled in Hanover county, was 
my grandfather. He married a Mks Anderson, of Hanover. He 
was appointed clerk of Hanover in early life, and held the office 
until his death. He left ten children, five sons and five 
daughters. Of the daughters first : 

(1). Elizabeth, the oldest, married Mr. Bernard Todd, of 
Charlotte county, Va., who for several years represented that 
county in the Virginia Legislature. He afterwards embraced 
religion and became a Baptist preacher. They had children — 
five sons and two daughter^. 

I. Thomas, who married a Mrs. Garnett, resided in the county 
of King William, and died there. He was a magistrate in his 
county and noted for his piety. 

i. William was a Baptist minister of great usefulness; suc- 
ceeded his uncle, Mr. Robert Pollard, as Clerk of the District and 
Superior Courts of King and Queen county. He was four times 
married, but left no issue living at the time of his death. He 

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68 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

he had an only grandson living when he died, who married a Miss 
Boyd, of King and Queen, and died, leaving four or five children. 

3. Bartlett married a Miss Eps, of Nottoway; died in Peters- 
burg, Va., and left a number of children. One of his sons, 
Bernard, lives now, 1870, in Baltimore. One of the daughters 
married Augustine Robins, of Gloucester county. The others I 
know but little of, except Kate, who lives with her brother, Ber- 
nard, in Baltimore. 

4. Joseph lived in Prince Edward; married there and left a 
family there. 

5. Garland moved to the West, and, I think, died in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

6. Mary, the oldest daughter, married a man by the name of 
Buster and moved to the county of Kanawha ; he represented the 
county in the Virginia Legislature; they both died in Kanawha, 
and I know nothing of their posterity, but suppose they are in 
that region. 

7. Betsy married Temple Walker and left two children, Betty 
and Bernard. Betty married Joseph T. Henley, and Bernard 
(Dr. Walker) resides near Stevensville. 

(2) Mary married John Austin, of Hanover, and left no issue. 

(3) Priscilla married a Mr. Martin, of King and Queen, and 
left an only daughter, who married Walker Hawes, of King 

(4) Susanna married Robert Kelso, of Prince Edward, and 
died, leaving two children ; Mary who married a Dr. Merry, and 
Eobert, who, now 1870, lives at Fancy Farm, Bedford county, Va. 

(5) Jane never married. 

(6) Joseph Pollard, my father (the oldest of the brothers), 
married Miss Catharine Robinson, of Hanover, and left four sons 
— Edmund, William, John and Joseph. Edmund, William,* John 
and Joseph died without issue. I married Miss Juliet Jeflfries, 
of King and Queen. We have seven children, four sons and three 

♦William graduated at Hampden-Sldney College; was a Pres- 
byterian minister for more than twenty years; afterwards united 
himself with the Baptist Church, and died a minister In that churchy 

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The Pollard Family. 69 

(7) William succeeded his father as clerk of Hanover; was 
twice married ; left three children, one son, George William, who 
resided in Hanover, and two daughters, Mary, who married John 
Daracott, and Elizabeth, who married Dr. Joseph Sheppard, of 

(8) Eobert became clerk of the District and County Court of 
King and Queen : married a Miss Harwood and left four children, 
one son and three daughters. Maria married Dr. Jacob D. Walker. 
Elizabeth or Betty married, first Thomas C. Homes, and after- 
wards Colonel A. Fleet, of King and Queen. Priscilla died un- 
married.. Robert succeeded his father as clerk of the County 
Court of King and Queen, and married a Miss Harwood, a 
cousin of his, but had no issue. 

(9) Benjamin lived and died at the old family residence in 
Hanover; was once clerk of the District Court of Appeals of 
Accomac and Northampton counties ; married a Miss Winston and 
left three children, one son and two daughters, all of whom are 
now dead. The son married a Miss Winston; was clerk of the 
Circuit Court of Hanover county at the time of his death. Anna, 
the oldest daughter, married Dr. William S. Pryor, and Catharine 
married Samuel Overton, both of whom are now dead. 

(10) Thomas, the 5th son, married a Miss Whitlock; was for 
many years deputy for his brother, William, who was clerk of 
Hanover and was the first clerk of the Superior Couri; of Hanover, 
and continued until the time of his death. He left two sons and 
four daughters. 

Benjamin now resides in Eichmond and was for many years 
clerk of the Circuit Court of Eichmond. 

Thomas now resides near Richmond, and is a physician of some 
distinction. He graduated in Paris and has twice visited Europe. 

Mary married Henry Temple and left an only daughter, now 
the wife of Mr. Thomas, of Richmond. 

Sarah is now the wife of Mr. William C. Winston, of Hanover. 

Fanny Bacon is now the wife of Robert Kelso, of Fancy Farm. 

Martha Rebecca married a Mr. Winston, of Hanover, who 
moved to the West. She is now a widow and lives in Louisville, 
Kentuckv. John Pollard, Sr. 

King and Queen county, Va., 1870. 

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70 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Aylett Family Arms : — "I have the Arms of Aylett of 'Pair 
Field^ copied from the book plate posted in a copy of Donne's 
Poems. This book then belonged to my first cousin, Patrick 
Henry Aylett, and was in his library at Montville, King William 
County. He afterwards removed to Richmond, and I suppose the 
book is in possession of one of his children. U;ndemeath is 
printed : 'William Aylett of Fair Field, King William County, 
Gentleman, 1705.^ This Aylett was Burgess from Bang William 

"Have you ever seen the Arms of Moore of Chelsea? They 
appear in Charles Campbell's 'Genealogy of the Spotswood 
Family in Scotland and Virginia.' " — William Winston Fontaine, 
Galveston, Texas. 

Deveaux Family : — "Jacob Deveaux was a French Huguenot, 
born about 1664, and came from France by way of Manheim and 
settled in Westchester Co., N. Y., married Caroline Hunt, and 
removed to Beaufort, S. C, about 1708. Would like the date of 
his death. He had several children, among them Andrew. It is 
about his marriage that I particularly wish to know. Some 
records say he married Hannah Palmer, daughter of Col. John 
Palmer of S. C, others say it was Hannah Girardeau, daughter of 
Jean Girardeau. Was he married twice, and what were the dates 
of his birth and death ? His son, Andrew DeVeaux, Jr., owned 
estates in San Salvador, Bahama Islands, and married Catherine 
Barnwell." — ^x. 

Little — ^Brown : — An old Prayer Book in possession of A. S. 
Edwards, of Surry County has : " Sarah Little, her book, 
Sept. 2nd., 1755; James Brown, his book; James Brown was 
bom Dec. 23., 1731; Sarah, his wife, was born Jan. 2'6th., 1737; 
Thomas Brown was bom June 28., 1.773; William Brown was 
born August 15th., 1775; Elizabeth Brown was bom July 29., 
1777; Hart Brown was born Oct. 6., 1779.^' ' 

Hampton Church: — "Proposals will be received until the 
23rd., of this month, for furnishing the materials, and laying 

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Historical and Qbnealogical Notes. 71 

about 50 or 60,000 Bricks on the Wall that incloses the chnrch. 
The bricks can probably be obtained in this place : W. W. Jones, 
Thomas Hope, Comm^tee, Hampton, Aug., 17. (From the 
American Beacon, Norfolk, August 17th, 1825.) — Communicated 
by Edward W. James. 

Massachusetts State House: — "On my way home I was in 
Boston last Friday, (the 18th. inst.,) and I went to the old state 
house where I obtained the length and breadth of the building, 
from the custodian, who gave the dimensions to me from the 
records. The length, east and west, is one hundred and ten feet 
(110) : the width north and south, is (38) thirty-eight feet, I 
enclose two pictures, one of the east and one of the west ends. I 
could find none of the north or south sides alone. You will 
doubtless remember that the building has the west end on Wash- 
ington St., and that State Street divides, as it enters Washington 
Street, leaving the state house in the center, and that these two 
branches of State Street are narrow, consequently no photographs 
of either the south or north side could be taken alone. I trust 
these will answer your purposes :" Edward Denham, New Bedr 
ford, Mass. The capitol at Williamsburg, as shown by Hening, 
Statutes at Large, III., page 420, consisted of two brick buildings, 
each .75 feet in length, within the walls, and 25 feet in breadth, 
connected by a cross gallery (raised upon piazzas) 30 feet long 
and 15 feet wide. The buildings were two stories and a half 
high, and had hip roofs and dormer windows, surmounted by a 
cupola over the gallery. 

Wards — "Can anyone tell me from what Co. in Va. David L. 
Ward went to Kentucky, where he owned large salt works ? He 
left descendants, one of them was Mrs. Sally Grayson of Tjouis- 
ville, Ky.; she had no children, but two nieces lived with her. 
Whose children were they, and where are they now? 1 want 
names of David L. Ward's relatives. His mother was Mary 
(last name wanted) ; she died in 1785. His father's name wanted. 
I am willing to pay for information. The brother of David L. 
Ward was Wm. Ward, known as an Indian agent in Ky. ; he was 

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72 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

the father of Robert J. Ward, whose daughter was the beauty and 
belle of Louisville, Ky., Sallie Ward." — Mrs, C, A, Doremus, 65 
West 53rd St., New York City. 

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^^ V- -/ 


'. cc'.;,ir 


- '■' ■^'- I'-'.o X^tobef, 1906. 


TDQlillam anoflBarv 

feidtorical /I>ada3ine. 

pvetldeiit of TOiOUim atib Aarv College. 

tnuiUam anO Aan^ Collede, TnU(Uam0but0> Va* 

Copi; ot tbf0 Ylum&ert $1.00. $3*00 pet ll?eat* 

[Sntond M moond-clMs matier at the Pott Office in WilUanuborf .] 

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William and riary College 

Quarterly Historical nas;azliie 

Tot, Xy. OCTOBER, liMS. No. 2 

■ _ .. ■ I . , f ■ I. . ■ II ., ( . . . I .11 III I » 


X. Members of Yorirtown '.... 73-77 

2. Lanier Fcmily 77-79 

3. Bdwardt Family 79-83 

4. Bridge luid Warner 83-^ 

5. Hay Family 84-87 

6. Mount Pleasant in Surry County — ;.....,........< 87-88 

7. Chilton Family S^^ 

8. Burwell Fahiily Records — 93 

9. Some Extracts from the Register of Kingston Parish 93-99 

low Aylett Family Tradition 99-109 

11. Books in Williamsburg w. zoo-xx3 

xa. Register of St James Northan Parish, Goochland County 

(oontinued) , xx3-xa3 

13. Oncers Appointed by the Gloucester Co. ( Va») Committee 

of Safety in 1775 • • • iS3-i24 

14. A Problem in Genealogy xa4-xa5 

15. Massie Family (concluded) ...;....... xs5-xa9 

x6. Invitation to Refugees . . . . i xa9 

17. Kelley of Westmoreland County \ xa9-x3x 

x8. Transfer Day at College f X3i-X3a 

X9. William Washington of Stafiord Co. (Va.) . . . , 132- X34 

aa Journal of the President and Masters of William and Mary 

College (oontinued) .^... X34-X4a 

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W Digitized by Google 

Col. William Washington. 

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NOV 12 1906 

TKHtUiam anb iBat^ College 

^uarterli? Dietorical nDagasine 

Vol. XV. OCTOBER, 1906. No. 2. 


Among the accmniilatioiis in the old garret at Wester Ogil^ 
Mercer County, Ky., is a great cedar chest, that has followed the 
fortunes of the Lyon family since they left Perth, Scotland, 
nearly two centuries ago, writes a correspondent of the Eichmond 
Times. It spent many years with them in Maryland and Vir- 
ginia, before reaching its present home in Kentucky, in the first 
decade of the nineteenth century. 

Last summer I turned back the lid on its musty old hinges, and 
reverently examined its contents. Down in one end was an old 
blue and buff coat, worn by great-great-grandfather in the Eevo- 
lution Beneath that was a rich brocaded ^^canary silk'' waistcoat, 
folded up, in which I found a neat little bundle of letters, and 
in another small package, wrapped in a bit of pink and black 

checked silk, was , but I am getting ahead of my story, or 

rather that told by two faded old letters. 

Camp before Yorktown, Virginia 
To Octr 7, 1781 

Joseph Lyon Esqre 
Wester Ogil Manor, 
near Baltimore. 
My Honourable Sir & Father, — 

Once more I beg to inform you that all is well with me, and I 
Hope both yourself & my mother are enjoying a like Good Health. 
Lasft night Genl Lincoln opened a long line of parallel Workes to the 

1 Extracted from the Boston Transcript for March 10, 1900. 

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74 William and Mary Quarterly. 

British, and now my lord Cornwall is will never march out of York- 
town except with cased colors, unless Sir Henry comes to his aide 
with the Fleat, which is most unlikely. With the French we have 
12,000 men in Camp besides the French Fleat. General Washington 
is expected in Camp to-day, he having been to visit the count De 
Grasse. You will remember I wrote you before of my friend and 
Tent mate Lieut. Falvey Fraser, and how I carried him off the field. 
when he was so badly wounded at Germantown four years ago. Well 
a few days ago he told me some of his past life. I had always 
thought he was a Virginian. That afternoon I had ridden out below 
the Camp in the Direction of the York. I had gone about a mile 
when I saw Falvey coming across a meadow on my right, soe I 
stoped and waited for him. He is a splendid Horseman, and that 
afternoon the perfect union of horse and rider as they came straight 
across the field was beautiful to see. While I was waiting somebodye 
suddenly begun to sing on my left. I looked around but saw no one 
It seemed to come from a thicket of Pines about two hundred yards 
away. The song marvelously sweet & clear brought to mind the 
last time we went to church together, for it was soft and plaintive as 
a Hymn and not such a Song as one commonly hears in Cfiunp. 
Though I was close & the Voice was clear I could not understand the 
words. I happened to glance at Falvey's face & was struck by his 
rapt attention — he sat there on his Horse as still as a dead man on a 
summer afternoon & but for the throbbing veins on his foreheade 
and the breathing of his Horse with no more sine of Life. The 
Song had touched a hidden chord of his Life. Then the Song stopped 
and as the last soft notes died away a boyish man in a lieut's uniform 
of the British army rode out from the Pines. Seeing us he raised 
his cap & laughed, and then he spurred his horse through the Pines. 
I pulled my Pistol to shoot him, but Falvey caught my arm and it 
went off in the air. 

Seeing he must explain he drew a long breath and said: "That 
was my brother & this is the first time Tve seen him for five years. 
That was an old Latin Hymn he was singing. Mother use to sing us 
tc sleep with it in our old home in the Scottish Highlands. I have 
thought several times past that you wondered greatly about my past 
life, and now I will tell you what little there is to tell, for you are 
the only Friend I have in America. 

Our family is an old one in Scotland and have lived at Castle 
Fraser in Aberdeenshire since the twelfth cen. I'll pass over my 
early life to my college days at Edinburg. After I went there I met 
a Lady who was visiting there and immediately fell in love with her. 
To me she was the Paragon of the Female sex. We became engaged 
and all went well till my brother Henry came to the University. He 

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Memories of Yorktown. 75 

met Margaret, and from that day my hopes were doomed. We are 
entirely unlike. He is Clever and Witty and with a face as hand- 
some as Appolloes, while I am Quiet as you know. Before many more 
Weaks Margaret grew colder and colder to me and encouraged 
Henry more. About a month before I was to graduate She broke our 
vows. I was insane at losing her and went to Henry and accused 
him of acting dishonourably toward me. He resented it and said the 
Lady surely had a right to choose. Other words passed & I was so 
angry I snatched a pair of rapiers from the Wall and pitching him 
one, I made a savage lunge at him, pieTcing his shoulder. At this 
moment our older brother Sir Francis, who is an officer with Lord 
Rodney on the Formidable, rushed in and separated us & lectured 
me soundly. Then came the revulsion of Feeling at attacking my 
Brother I did not want to see their Happiness & not caring what 
became of me I packed my Books and sailed the next weak to 
America & landed at Yorktown yonder 5 years ago. I have Relatives 
here in Virginia, and went to them till I joined the army in the 
beginning of the War. I have never heard from across the Sea since 
I came over here & did not know that Harry was in the army. 
Falvey stopped and seemed to wander away in thought to some 
distant place & we rode on in Silence. I tell you all this, My Dear 
Sir, because I have since lecimed that the Lady who was false to my 
friend is a distant cousin of ours — Margaret Lyon of Easter Ogil. 
News came to-day that Lord Rawton, who was on his way to South 
Carolina has been captured with some Important papers, by the 
French fleet. 

The People In this Section have been much opress'd by Lord Corn- 
wallice and Tarleton & there is great Rejoicing now that we have the 
Thieving Foxes in the Den. I hope to be Able to say next Time that 
the British have Surrendered: they can't hold out much Longer. 
With the Greatest Respect & Affection to yourself & my mother i 
am your most Dutiful Son — 

Jam's Lyon. 

Camp before Yorktown, 
To Octr 17, 1781. 

Jos. Lyon, Esqre 
Wester Ogil Manor, 
near Baltimore. 
My Honourable Sir & Father, — 

I beg to inform you that I am still Alive, and that the End is nigh, 
for my Lord C. sent Us a Blag at ten o'clock this forenoon. All Day 
yesterday the Guns kept up such a Thunder that it might be thought 

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76 William and Mary Quarterly. 

Jove Himself was waging War; and our Solid Shotes have torn their 
Works to Peaces. On the night of the 14th: Inst We stormed and 
took two of their Redoubts. One of the storming Partys was Com- 
manded by Ck)mte de Deuponts and the other one — my party by Colo. 
Alexander Hamilton. The darkness was Intense & we carried them 
with the Bayonete. The Army Is much Joyd at the success, but I 
am sad at heart, and I will tell you why. That afternoon Falvey 
told me t^iat he had a presentiment that something was going to 
Happen. I tried to laugh it off, but I saw him go to his Mare Beauty 
and caress her for some time. They had the greatest affection for 
each other I ever saw, and she would rub her nose against his arm 
and whiney when he was talking to her. Just like she understood 
Him. That afternoon I heard him say: "We have been sweethearts. 
Beauty, we two." Then he sighed and added tenderly: "I wish we 
could go together.^' He then put the sadle on and galloped away, 
and did not come back til Dark. Then after nig^t fell we made 
ready to creap up on the British. Just before we got to their Sentry 
I heard the now familiar words of the old Latin Hymn rise full and 
sweet from behind the Redoubt Falvey clutched my arm, and I felt 
him shake like he had a severe chill. In a few moments we wer on 
their works and flghtln,g hevily. I tried to keep near Falvey & as we 
climbed the mound of Earth and Barrels I saw him plunge his sword 
into the Breast of a man that stood above Him and the fellow ex- 
ploded his Pistol in Falvey's face. Just then they set oft some 
Rockets and I saw that the man was Lleut't Fraser. Ho reeled and 
dropped his Pistole. Falvey recognized him too and sprung forward 
and clasped him in his arms and cryed "Harry! Harry! It Is I 
your Brother." Then both fell to the ground and when I seperated 
them Lieut't FYaser was dead and Falvey was unconscious from the 
Pistole shot. 

We carried him back to camp, and when we dressed his wound he 
was conscious and said to me "I did my Duty Jim but 't was hard. 
Don*t doe too much, I don't want to get well." Soon after this he 
sank into a stupor. About simdown the next Day, the 15th, he 
roused up and said as he felt my hand "Listen Jim! don't you hear 
the old Ave Maria? Its Harry on the way thro* the Parke to the 
castle. I must hurry and overtake Him." He then became quiet 

About eleven o'clock that evening I was sitting with him; when I 
heard rapid Hoof beates coming. They stopped before our Tent and 
I heard Beauty whiney. She knew the way for Falvey often left her 
standing there. After being neglected all Day she had come to hunt 
Him. He heard her too and started up in Bed saying, "Whoa 
Beauty, steady sweetheart; I'm ready." He gropped for the Reigns 

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Laioeb Family. 77 

and his foot was partly raised as though for the stlrup. "Go 
Beauty!" he said and sank back in my arms. When I laid him down 
he was Dead. The mare had heard his last command & Galloped on. 
The Hoof beates grew fainter till I heard a Sentry challenge & a shot 
when they stopped. I knew it was as FaJvey wished. He and Beauty 
went together. I miss Him soe for He was the best Friend I had. 

I don't know where We will go when Lord C. surrenders. May 
bee up thro' Maryland and then I'll see you and my mother. With 
Kespects from your 

Aflec'te ft Dutiful Son, 

Jambs Lton. 

And now unfasten the bit of black and pink silk. The fair, 
sweet face of a girl of perhaps twenty looks up at you from a 
bit of ivory set in twisted gold. On the back of the Miniature 
are these words : 

^TMarg't Lyon, 

Nat. 1755, 
Easter Ogil.'' 

Was she the wife of Lieutenant Harry Praser? Who knows? 

Joseph Lyon Miller. 

Note. — In a rare old book called "Tarleton^s Campaigns*^ I 
find the name of Lieutenant Praser of the Seventy-First Eegi- 
ment, among the killed at Yorktown on Oct. 14, 1781. 

Heitman's Register of the United States Army says that Lieu- 
tenant Falvey Eraser of the Fourteenth Virginia Regiment was 
killed at Gennantown Oct. 4, 1777. If this be the same man 
spoken of in the letters, Heitman must be mistaken. 

James Lyon served throughout the war in the Virginia troops, 
and received from the State a grant of land for his services. 


In April, 1676, 1 John* Lanier and John Woodlief were sent 
by the men of Charles City Co. (afterwards Prince George Co.), 
to ask Sir William Berkeley for a commission to go against ttie 
Indians. They came from the volunteers encamped at Jordan's 

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78 William and Mart Quarterly. 

Point. Berkeley called them "fools and loggerheads" and re- 
fused their request. In 1683, John Lanier obtained a grant for 
land in Prince George Co. He made his will June 5, 1717, 
which is recorded in Prince George, and mentions children: 2 

Nicholas, 3 Sampson, 4 John, 5 Robert, 6 Sarah, married 


3 Sampson^ Lanier* (John^), born in 1682, married Eliza- 
beth Washington, daughter of Ei chard Washington (born about 
1660t and will proved in 1725). Issue according to Surry 
records and his will dated January 8, 1743, and proved in Bruns- 
wick Co., May 5, 1743. 7 Arthur, 8 Thomas, 9 Sampson, 10 
Eichard, married, in 1759, Ann Mason, widow, of Sussex Co., 11 
Lemuel, 12 James, 13 Elizabeth, m. Burch. 

8 Thomas^ Lanier, (Sanipson,^ John^) lived in Brunswick 
Co., and his will was dated 23 August, 1745. He married Anne 
Maclin, daughter of William Maclin and had issue : 14 Thomas, 
named in grandfather Maclin's will (1752) but not named in 
father's will, 15 Jacob, 16 William, 17 Drury, 18 Benjamin, 
James Maclin and John Maclin exors. 

18 BENJAivnN^ Lanier (Thomas,^ Sampson,^ John^), mar- 
ried Miss Claiborne ( ?) and lived in Sussex County. He had 
issue mentioned in his will dated July 11, 1789. 19 Herbert, 
20 Augustine, 21 Benjamin, 22 Sterling, 23 Littleton. Men- 
tions his lands in Brunswick County, and makes his wife and 
"cousin Frederick Maclin" executors. 

9 Sampson^ Lanier, (Sampson,^ John^), married, and had 
Lewis Lanier, whose marriage bond with Anne Butler, daughter 
of Thomas Butler, dated Sept. 21, 1778, is preserved in the 
clerk^s office of Sussex County. 

* According to the deposition recorded in Surry, lie was 56 years 
old in 1738. 

t The Surry records say that Richard Washington was of age in 
1681. He was son of John Washington, of Surry. His wife was 
Elizabeth Jordan, whose will was proved in 1735. This Washington 
family was not related to the Washingtons of Westmoreland County, 

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Edwabds Family. 79 

5 BoBEBT liANTBR, (John), married Priscilla Washington, 
daughter of Richard Washington and Elizabeth Jordan, his wife. 
(Mrs. Washington's will proved in 1735, names daughters Pris- 
cilla Lanier and Elizabeth Lanier). 


1 William^ Edwaeds was an eariy resident of Surry County, 
and is mentioned among the dead in 1624. (Hotten, Emigrants 
to America, p. 192). He was probably father of 2 William 
Edwards, who is mentioned as a merchant in Virginia, in 1644, 
as per deed to Nathaniel Sylvester, merchant. In 1648 William 
Edwards and Rice Davis obtained a patent for 1080 acres on the 
Sunken Marsh in James City County (opposite to Dancing 
Point) . Among the headrights was Dorothy, his wife. In 1657 
he obtained a grant for 490 acres opposite to Jamestown, and 
afterwards took out a new grant for the land in Sunken Marsh 
with the addition of .720 acres. He represented Surry County 
in the House of Burgesses in 1652 and 1653, and was one of the 
justices of the peace. According to a deposition in Surry, he 
was 43 years old in 1658 and in the records of the general court 
he is said to have died about 1673. 

2 William^ Edwards and Dorothy, his wife, had issue: 3 
William, 4 John, 5 Thomas, 

3 William^ Edwards (William,^ William^), was clerk of 
the General Court in 1688, and in 1694 was clerk of the Surry 
court and of the Council of the Colony. He resided for the most 
part at Jamestown, where he had a lot near the tower and 
another near Orchard run. 

He married Ann Mansfield, dau. of George Mansfield,* and 
died in 1698. In Xovember of that year the court of Surry 
County ordered his property to be appraised. He left issue, one 
son, 6 William. "William Edwards, son and heir of William 
Edwards, late of James City County, gent, for 2,000 pds. of 

•Virginia Magazine XI., 311— Will of George Mansfield (1670). 

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good &c. tobacco and casque sell 200 acres to William Williams 
on Lawnes Creek part of a greater tract patented, in 1&79, by his 
father, William Edwards, decd/^ (Deed in Surry County, dated 
March 3, 1702.) 

6 William* Edwabds, (William,^ William,^ William*) had 
lots at Jamestown and plantations in Surry. He represented 
Surry Couniy in the House of Burgesses in 1706, and his will 
dated January 9, 1722 was proved in Surry County, February 
25, 1722. He appears to have married twice, (1) Elizabeth, a 
daughter of Col. Benjamin Harrison, the Councillor. With her 
husband, she made a deed for land at Jamestown in 1707; and 
according to the inscription on her tombstone, died at the age of 
17. William Edwards must then have married a second time, 
probably a daughter of Micajah Lowe,t nephew of Micajah Perry, 
of London. Peter Perry, his brother, located in Virginia. 
(See York County Records, 1684). Issue by first marriage 7 
Benjamin Edwards, bom about 1707. Col. Benjamin Harrison 
in his will, dated 1711, says : "I give to every one of my grand- 
children 100 pds. current money.^' William Edwards in his will 
(1722) direct that ^Ttficajah Perry and Company do pay unto 
my son, Benjamin Edwards, one hundred pounds sterling I sent 
them, bequeathed to my said son by his grandfather, Benjamin 
Harrison, Esq""., and what interest they will allow of .^' Issue by 
second wife, Miss Lowe ( ?) : 8 William, 9 Micajah, 10 Mary, 
married Lunsford Lomax, June 14, 1729, at Greenspring, resi- 
dence of Col. Phillip Ludwell, 11 Elizabeth, 12 Ann, 13 Sarah. 

7 Benjamin^ Edwards (William,^ William,^ William,^), 
known as Col. Benjamin Edwards, resided in Surry County, 
and died there about 1750. Under date January 24, 1751, a 
notice of his estate, signed by Henry Browne, administrator, 
appeared in the Virginia Gazette. (See Quarterly XII., p. 
73.) He had issue: 14 Hannah, married Henry Browne, of 
Pipsico, Surry County, (Browne's will dated Oct. 30, 1762), and 
had Benjamin Edwards Browne, bom 1760, died May 13, 1819. 
In Benjamin E. Browne^s will he mentions his son, William H. 

t Ibid XI., 310— Will of Micajah Lowe, late of Charles City County. 

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Edwabds Family. 81 

Browne and daughter Lucy, who married Frederick Power, of 
York County, father of the late Dr. Robert H. Power, who 
died about ten years ago) ; 15 Sarah, Ist wife of Col. 
William Browne of 'Tour Mile Tree,'^ (brother of Henry 
Browne, of Pipeico), by whom she had issue: William Browne, 
Esq., of "Four Mile Tree,'' (bom Sept. 17, 1759), who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Roberi; RuflSn. Their sole issue was 
Sally Browne, who married John T. Bowdoin and left an only 
child Sally Elizabeth Couriaiey Bowdoin. Col. Browne and Sarah 
Edwards had probably also 19 Benjamin Browne, named as son in 
the wiU of Col. Browne (Va. Mag. III., 152). Col. WilUam 
Browne married three times (1) Sarah Edwards, (2) Anne 
Cocke, (3) Dorothy Jordan. 

8 William* Edwards (William,^ William,^ William^) lived 
in Surry County, but had no children, as would appear from the 
will of his nephew, William Edwards, who speaks of lands in 
Southampton County given him by his uncle William. A tomb- 
stone near Bacon^s Castle describes him as born July 20, 1714, 
died Aug. 20, 1771. , 

9 MiOAjAH* Edwards (William,^ William,^ William,^) re- 
ceived through his father^s will land on the south side of the 
Black water swamp in Nottoway Parish, and his own will was 
proved in Southampton County, Dec. 13, 1770. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Blow, of Sussex County, who died 
in 1762, and his will names children 16 William (under age), 17 

Micajah, 18 Richard, 19 Benjamin, 20 Mary, married 

Butts, 21 Lucy, 22 Elizabeth, 2'3 Ann, and 24 daughter not yet 
baptized. He made his wife, Elizabeth, Benjamin Blunt and 
Thomas Blow executors. 

20 WnjjAM*^ Edwards (Micajah,* William,^ William,^ Wil- 
liam*), married, in 1774, Susannah Edmunds, daughter of John 
Edmunds, of Sussex Co., whose will was proved in 1770. He 
lived in Southwark Parish, Surry County, and his will dated 
September 2, 1791, was proved April 25, 1797. He had issue: 
25 Ann, 26 William, 27 Thomas, 28 Richard, 29 Henry, 30 un- 
bom child. 

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82 William and Mary Quarterly. 

26 William^ Edwards, (WiUiajn,^ Micajah,^ Wimam,^ Wil- 
liain,2 William^), of Surry County, married first Mary Nelson, 
by whom one child died at 5; he married 2dly. Fannie Green 
Seawell, daughter of John Sea well, of Gloucester County. (For 
children see Quarterly VIII., p. 56.) They were grand- 
parents of Albert Sterling Edwards, present clerk of Surry Co. 

4. JoHN^ Edwards (William,^ William^) lived in Surry 
County. In 1694, he was appointed deputy clerk of Surry 
County Court, during the necessary absence of William Edwards, 
at Jamestown, as clerk of the council. Nov. 21, 1695, Anne, 
wife of William Edwards, of "James City" gave a power of 

attorney to "Brother Mr. John Edwards." He married 

and had issue: 31 William, 32 John, who probably settled in 
North Carolina, 33 Benjamin, who died unmarried, 34 Nathan^ 
id, 35 Mary, 36 Sarah, 37 Ann. 

31 William"* Edwards (John,^ William,^ William^), mar- 
ried Sarah Hilliard, widow of Bartholomew Selden, and his will 
was proved in Surry County, March 20, 1.744, and names five 
daughters: 38 Mary, 39 Elizabeth, 40 Hannah, 41 Sarah, 42 

34 Nathaniel^ Edwards (John,^ William,^ William^) set- 
tled in Brunswick County, where he was one of the first mem- 
bers of the county court, and where he became a major of militia. 
He married Jane Eaton, widow of Anthony Haynes, and his will 
dated April 29, 1771, was proved in Brunswick July 22, 1771. 
He had children 43 Nathaniel, who represented Brunswick in the 
House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1771, and died in the latter 
year, 44 Sarah, 45 Ann, 46 Isaac,* 47 Benjamin, 48 Mary, mar- 
ried in 1750, James Day Ridley, 49 Elizabeth, married Col. 
Francis Willis, 50 William, who in 1756 married Sarah Ed- 
munds, daughter of Thomas Edmunds and sister of John Ed- 
munds above. 51 Rebecca married Allen (?) Jones. 

5 Thomas^ Edwards (William,^ William^) lived on Hog 
Island and married Elizabeth . His will was proved 

*Isaaxi Edwards used a book plate containing tlie arms of the 
Edwards family, which has been preserved. 

Digitized by 


Bridge and Warner. 83 

March 2, 1703, and names 52 Thomas, 53 William, 54 John, (all 
three called "cousin'' in will of John Edwards, 1712), 55 Sarah, 
56 Elizabeth. 



In 1610, Thomas Bridge and Cyprian Warner were owners of 
adjoining manors near Coggeshall, in the County of Kent, Eng- 

A son of Thomas married a daughter of Cyprian and since 
that event the name of Cyprian has been continuous in the Bridge 

The principal seat of the Warners, called Warner Hall, or 
^Warner's," is mentioned in the XIV Century. It was situated 
in Parkelsham Parish, Rochford hundred, and remained in the 
possession of the family certainly until after 1566, 

Washington's great-great-grandfather, Lawrence WasJdngton, 
was rector of Purleigh, in Essex, only eight miles from Rochford, 
from 1632 to 1643. It is almost certain that the two families 
must have been known to each other. 

A Cyprian Warner, probably a son or a grandson of the one 
above mentioned, was bom 1614, and sailed in the ship "Paul," 
July 6th, 1635, from London to Virginia, three years after the 
Rev. Lawrence Washington settled near the Warners. 

The Rev. Lawrence Washington's son John (great-grandfather 
of Genl. Washington) went to Virginia in 1658 : his son, another 
Lawrence Washington, married Mildred Warner, daughter of 
Augustine Warner of Pope's (?) Creek, in Virginia. There is 
no evidence of any relationship between Cyprian Warner and 
Augustine, but such is quite possible. If Cyprian survived until 
Mildred's marriage he would have been over sixty, and might, 
as far as age is concerned, have been her grandfather or great- 

It seems reasonable to suppose that the settlement in Virginia 
of his father's neighbor, Cyprian Warner, was the determining 

Digitized by 


84 William and Mart Quartbrlt. 

cauBe of John Washington's removal to that Province. Both 
emigrants belonged to the same social class, the landed gentry, 
and it is natural that if one had to emigrate he would prefer to 
go to a place where he would find somebody who knew his own 

I believe that there is still a Warner Hall^ in Virginia and 
that it belongs to the Taliaferro family . . . What I should like 
to know is, did that place once belong to Mildred's relations? 
Were they related to Cyprian Warner? 



Extracted from Miles Carr/'s Fourth Bible, 

Miles Gary was bom &8th of May 1727 and married the 23rd 
of May 1752 to Elizabeth Taylor bom the Ist of March 1733. 
Their first child 

Elizabeth Gary was bom 18th Dec. 1753. 

Hannah Gary was bom 10th Nov. 1755. 

Miles Gary was bom Ist Sept. 1757. 

Mary Gary was bom 29th Aug. 1760. 
Nathaniel Gary was bom 19th Oct. 1763. 

The above was in the handwriting of Miles Gary. The fol- 
lowing in the handwriting of William Hay: 

Miles Gary departed this life the 9th day of Sept. 1766. 

Nathaniel Gary was drowned in Nottoway the 15th day of Nov. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Gary departed this life the 16ih day of March, 

1 Warner Hall is in Glonoesler Co., Ya., on the Severn River. It 
was first settled by Augustine Warner, bom 1611; died 1674 
(tombstone there) — ^Bditob. 

Digitized by 


Hat Family. 85 

From Wm. Hay's Bible. 

William Hay, youngest son of James Hay and Helena 
(Eankin) his wife (by whom he had twelve children), was bom 
in the town and Parish of Kilsyth and Shire of Sterling in North 
Briton on Thursday the IQth day of November 0. S. being the 
21st N". S. Anno Domini 1748. Having obtained an Univer- 
sity Education in the city of Glasgow, he sailed from Qreenoch 
for the Colony of Virginia on the 18th day of July An. Dom. 
1768 and landed at Norfolk on Friday the 16th day of September 
in the same year. After visiting his brothers John and Peter, 
who then resided in the County of Southampton, he studied the 
Law under John Tazewell in the city of Williamsburg until the 
7th day of May 1770 and on that day obtained a license to prac- 
tice. He followed the Profession of the law until the Revolu- 
tionary War shut up the Courts and never resumed it again. 

On Sunday the 18ih day of December 1774, being twenty six 
years and twenty seven days old, he married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Miles Gary Esq., Attorney at Law deed, who was 
bom on Tuesday the 18th day of December 1763, by whom he had 
issue, John bom on Friday the 5th day of January 1776 about 
two o'clock A. M. and christened on the 10th day of March fol- 
lowing by the Bev. Wm. Harrison; his Sponsors were Richard 
Taylor and Lady, Thomas Armistead, his Aunt Miss Hannah 
Gary and John Hay. 

Willie bom Thursday the 12th day of June 1777 about ten 
o'clock A. M. and christened by the same Gentleman. 

Willie departed this life on Thursday the 5th day of March 
1778 about 7 o'clock A. M. aged eight months and twentjr one 

Mrs Elizabeth Hay departed this life about half an hour after 
four o'clock A. M. on Monday the 9th day of March 1778 aged 
24 years, two months, 17 days after a tedious and lingering con- 
sumption. See her funeral sermon. 

William Hay married again on Sunday the 2'2nd day of May 
1780 Miss Elizabeth Tompkins youngest daughter of Capt. Ben- 
net Tompkins of Bennet's Creek in York County, who was born 

Digitized by 


86 William and Mary Quarterly. 

on the 2nd day of January 1753, and was l&rst cousin to his 
former wife, by whom he had issue, Elizabeth Cary Hay, born on 
Sunday the 16th day of February 1783 at 48 minutes before one 
o^clock A. M. 

William born on Wednesday the 6th day of October 1784 about 
half hour after seven o'clock A. M. 

James bom on Wednesday the 26th day of February 1794 at 
half an hour after six o'clock A. M. 

On Friday about 8 P. M. of the 9th day of December 1796, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hay departed this life. 

On the 27th of March 1807 Miss Elizabeth Gary Hay departed 
this life after a most tedious and severe illness which she bore 
with unexampled fortitude and resignation. Her sufferings no 
tongue could tell. Aged 24 years, I month 11 days. 

William Hay Senior died the 11th day of November 1825 
wanting eleven days of being 77 years old. 


Miles Car3% of the text, (born 1727— died 17GG) lived In South- 
ampton County and married Elizabeth Taylor, May 23, 1752. He 
was brother of Judge Richard Cary, of Warwick County, and son of 
Miles Cary, of Warwick County, clerk of the Court, by Hannah 
Armlstead his wife. The last named Miles was son of *'Myles 
Cary, Jr." and Elizabeth Cocke, who in turn was son of Captain 
Thomas Cary and Ann Milner, his wife, daughter of Francis Milner, 
sheriff of Nansemond; and Thomas Cary was son of Col. Miles Cary, 
the emigrant and Ann Taylor, his wife. Ann, youngest sister of 
Miles Cary of the text, married Captain Bennett Tompkins, and their 
youngest daughter was 2d wife of William Hay. In the Virginia 
Gazette, December 22, 1774, is the marriage notice "William Hay, 
Esquire, of Surry County, attorney at law, to Miss Betsy Cary of 
Southampton County." William Hay lived in Richmond for many 
years, and then moved to Frederick, now Clarke County, where he 
died in 1825. James Hay, son of William Hay, by the second mar- 
riage with Miss Tompldnn, n.ariied Elizabeth Burwell, daughter of 
Nathaniel Burwell of Carter's Hall in Clarke County, formerly of 
Carter's Grove in James City County. By this marriage, James Hay 
had issue. Dr. William Hay, who served with distinction in the war 
between the States, married Emily Lewis of Philadelphia, and was 
father of Hon. James Hay, the present representative in the House 
of Representatves for the 7th Congressional District of Virginia. 

Digitized by 


Mt. Pleasant in Surby County. 87 

William Hay, the emigrrant, had two brothers, Peter and John, who 
went West, and John was probably ancestor of the late secretary of 
state, John Hay. William Hay, son of William Hay, the emigrant 
from England, was a distinguished lawyer, and his name is found in 
Randolph's Reports and in Hening & Munford's Reports. 

Natilia Burwell Hay, the only sister of Dr. William Hay, married 
Dr. Thomas R. Dew, President of William and Mary College. 

Emily Lewis, wife of Dr. William Hay, is of Pennsylvania extrac- 
tion. Her maternal grandmother was Ann Wain who married Burge 
Rawle. Her ancestor was Nicholas Wain. Mrs. Hay's paternal 
grandmother was Elizabeth Smith, who married Mordecai Lewis 
and her direct ancestor was James Logan. Nicholas Walm and 
James Logan both came to this country in the ship Welcome with 
William Penn, and held positions of trust. 

Dr. Peter Hay, an eminent physician, died in 1766 in York County, 
Va., and left a widow Grissell, and children David. Robert, Lydia, 
Helen and Mary. His will speaks of his brother David Hay of New 
York. He was probably related to William Hay of the text. (See 


The family of Captain William Hay, who lived in York County 
and died in 1668 is given in Quarterly HL, 127. 

Anthony Hay, father of George Hay, the lawyer, probably belonged 
to the family of Captain William Hay. See Quarterly HL, 127; 
v., 272. 


At Mount Pleasant, in Surry County, formerly the residence 
of the Cocke family, is a large monument of prismatic shape, 
bearing the following inscription: 

North Side. 

John Hartell Cocke =Elizabeth Kennon 

Bom 25 Nov. 1749 Born 13 July, 1755 

Died 9 Feb. 1791 Died 10 July, 1791 

Sally ==Nichola8 Faulcon 

Elizabeth =Arthur Sinclair 

Mary Kennon =John Faulcon 

Ann Hartwell =M. M. Eobinson 

Eebecca Kennon 

Eobert Kennon ^ Died in infancy 

Martha Euffin 


Digitized by 


88 William and Mart Quarterly. 

South Side. 

By Elizabeth H[artwell=Richard Cocke=By Elizabeth RuflSn 
Hartwell Ann=Williain Browne 

Benjamin, died unmarried of Fonr Mile Tree 

Elizabeth=Thomton Lucyi=William Euffin of Surry 

Eebecca?=Eiehard Taliaferro Nathaniel=Thomp6on of Halifax 

Richard=Anne Claiborne 
John==Claiborne of Sussex 

Hartwell Cocke=Anne BuflBn 
John Hartwell, Richard, Benjamin. 
Bom Nov. 26, 1747 
Died Feb, 9, 1791 

Hartwell, Martha=D. Coleman, Robert 
Mary=Ed. Archer, Anne=Thomas Gray 
Elizabeih=Wm. Taliaferro. 

East Sidb. 

This stone 


A. D. 1853 by 

John Hartwell Cocke, 

of Bremo, 


Son of John Hartwell Cocke 

And Elizabdih Kennon; 

And by 

Philip St. George Cocke, of Belmeade, 

Powhatan, son of John Hartwell Cocke 

of Bremo and Ann Blaws Barraud. 

Wbst Side. 

Thy Father 

Thy Mother. 

Digitized by 


Chilton Family. 89 


The ChiltonB of Yirginia are descended from an old English 
family, originally of French descent as the name indicates, 
though the derivation is somewhat uncertain. A recent writer 
upon the old families of England says it is derived from the 
Chalk CliflPs of Dover, near which the Chiltons are supposed to 
have settled on their first landing upon English shores. Others 
with some appearance of truth, trace this name to the time of the 
crusaders when Eobert of Normandy embarkel for the Holy 
Land, leading in his train of vassels and retainers some of our 
ancestors, for whose gallant deeds the name was bestowed and 
since retained by their descendants. 

In 1060 William of Normandy set sail for the conquest of 
England, and inscribed on his banner roll was the name of Sir 
John Chilton. This is the first mention we have of the name, 
and it is reasonable to suppose that he remained with others of 
his family, to share the spoils so liberally bestowed by the Con- 
queror. From this time until the restoration of Charles Stuart, 
nothing more is heard of the Chiltons. 

In 1642 they again came prominently forward. Being loyal 
subjects to their king, but staunch democrats, as the family have 
even been they determined to visit both his usurpations and ex- 
actions, and accordingly, after every effort for a compromise had 
failed, they joined the parliamentarians, as did many good and 
valiant men. 

At the restoration of Charles II., in 1660, three brothers 
of that name emigrated to the states of America. Charles, the 
head of the family, settled in Westmoreland Co., Va. on the 
banks of the Potomac, to which place he gave the name of 
"Curryoman/^ He had four sons, Thomas the first bom in- 
herited the family estate of "Curryoman/^ He lived an old 
bachelor till an elderly man, and then married a Miss Pierce, a 
woman not his equal, and died without issue. His brothers were 
William, Charles and John. To William was given 'Maidstone,'* 

Digitized by 


90 William and Maby Quaetesly. 

to Charles, "Hereford/' and to John, ''Bock Spring/* Charles 
and John married sisters, Betty and Letty Blackwell. Charles 
raised a large family, his sons were John, Sam, Stephen, Black- 
well, Mark and one daughter Betsy, who died unmarried. John, 
an officer in the Third Va. Eegiment, was killed at the battle of 
BrandjTwine, leaving five children, Thomas, Joseph, George, 
Nancy and Lucy. William married a Miss Orrick. He left 
three children, Orrick, William and Susan. 

Thomas, leaving no children, "Curryoman,** the family seat, 
went to Orrick, the heir-at-law, eldest son of William, who mar- 
ried Miss Corbin. 

Of the two remaining brothers who came over at the Bestora^ 
tion, but little is known. One settled in Virginia and the other 
in Maryland. Of the Virginia brothers, a few descendants per- 
haps remain in.Bedford or Campbell county. 

In Maryland the name still lives, one branch having inter- 
married with the Snowdens, of Baltimore, and Laura Chilton, 
the principal of the Convent School in Wheeling, West Virginia, 
18 one of that family. 

A late writer in commenting upon the old families of West- 
moreland, such as the Lees, Ashtons, Washingtons and others, 
says : '^Pursuing our journey along the river banks, we come to 
"Curryoman.** A slab marks this as the home of the Chiltons. 
Their descendants settled in the upper country (Fauquier), where 
the name still lives, but here nothing but a cross road and the 
hidden slab retains the name.*' 

In 1620 when the May Flower landed at Plymouth Bock, 
Mary Chilton was the first to step ashore. This was some years 
in advance of the parliamentarian* emigration, but the same 
resolute spirit prevails and this was doubtless one and the same 

Dr. James Chilton, the eminent chemist, was one of this Puri- 
tan stock, (W. B. Chilton's uncle.) 

But few of the Chiltons have attained eminence in ttieir pro- 
fession. Of these Tom Chilton, of Kentucky, was the most dis- 
tinguished. He was a man of surpassing eloquence and of varied 
gifts, and acquirements, but from an extreme fickleness of char- 

Digitized by 


Chilton Family. 91 

acter^ he never pursned any one calling long enongh to achieve 
greatness, which he might easily have done. 

Sam Chilton, of Fanquier, was a man of fair talents, and as a 
lawyer, excelled as a criminal pleader. He was much esteemed 
by those who knew him well, and greatly admired for his pleasant 
genial manners. 

John Chilton, of Vicksburg, was also a distinguished lawyer. 
Of those who have embraced the medical profession, some have 
become eminent. The one at this time most justly esteemed is 
Dr. John Chilton, of Fauquier. The following is from a com- 
munication in the Alexandria BtUleUn : ''As a physician, a most 
eminent one; as a man, the best and most kind hearted I have 
every known; always ready and willing night or day, rain or 
shine, for rich or poor he is never known to refuse. He will go 
at any time or at any distance to the hut of the poor where he 
is never to get a cent, with as quick a step, as cheerful a counte- 
nance and we think with as happy a heart, as to the mansion of 
the rich where he is sure of a large fee. We wish him a long 
and prosperous life, for when he is gone heuce, many will mourn 
the loss of the kind, the generous, the noble hearted Dr. Chilton.'* 

The Chilton coat of arms is a chevron, and is said to be one of 
the most distinguished in the book of Heraldry. 

The above account was sent me by Mrs. William B. Chilton, of 
Charleston, West Virginia, and was compiled by a member of t^e 
Chilton family some years ago. It agrees remarkably well with the 
records, but not much importance is to be attached to the "Three 
Brothers" tradition, which is common to many Virginia families and 
was only a pleasant device of our gnrandfathers to solve the prob- 
lems of genealogy without the trouble of hunting up the records. 

The earliest records of the Chilton Family occur in Northumber- 
land Co. Stephen Chilton lived in Wiccomico parish about the last 
quarter of the 17th Century and his will was proved in Lancaster 
Co., Aug. 3, 1718. He names the following children (1) William; 
(2)Chahl£&; (3) BenotuI; (4) Andrew; (5) George; (6) Thomas; 
(7) Margaret 

Of these Charles may have removed to Curryoman in Westmore- 
land County, and left descendants. The other children left numer- 

Digitized by 


92 William and Mary Quaetbely. 

ous descendants in Lancaster Co. Mr. William Chilton, present 
clerk of that county, is one of them. I have abstracts of many wills 
in Lancaster Co. 

As far as I am able Just now to verify the statement in the paper 
sent me about Charles Chilton and his descendants, it is remarkably 
correct Charles Chilton, tne second of the namei, had the rank of 
Colonel. The will of Joseph Blackwell, proved in Fauquier Co. in 
1787, names his wife, Lucy Steptoe, (daughter of Capt John Steptoe, 
who made his will in Northumberland Co. in 1741), and his nine 
children viz: (1) Joseph, married Ann Eustace; (2) Samuel; (3) 
John, bom March 22, 1755, married 1779 Agatha Ann Eustace; (4) 
George Steptoe; (5) Judith, Married Thomas Keith; (6) Ann, mar- 
ried Martin Pickett; (7) Letitia, married John Chilton and left 
issue; (8) Elizabeth, married Charles Chilton; (9) Lucy married 
William Slaughter. See Hayden, Virginia Genealogies, p. 266. 

In Lee, Lee of Virginia 86, it is stated that Orrick Chilton married 
Felicia Corbin, daughter of Richard Corbin, of Laneville, King ft 
Queen County, President of the Virginia Council. 

Tbere are some old chancery papers in Williamsburg entitled 
"Chilton vs. Moxley," which came up before Chancellor Wythe. 
Orrick Chilton files a bill which states that about the year 1781, 
Charles Chilton, his guardian, rented Currioman and the slaves to 
Wiliiam H. Parker. Orrick Chilton attained the age of 21 in 1791. 
In 1796 he was about to remove from Westmoreland County to 

The Blackwell Family, who intermarried with the Chiltons, take 
their begliming in Northumberland County with Joseph Blackw^l.1 
He had issue: Samu6l,2 bom Sept. 23, 1680, who had (1) Samuel,8 
bom January 19, 1710; (2) William, bom April 25, 1713; (3) Jos^h, 
boom July 9, 1715; (4) Elizabeth, bom January 9, 1717; (5) Hannah, 
bom March 30, 1720. (St. Stephen's Parish Register, Northumber- 
land Co.) Of these Samuels Blackwell was probably father of 
Joseph Blackwell, father of Elizabeth, wife of Col. Charles Chilton. 

Charles Chilton, first of the name, is supposed to have married 
Miss Ball, and they had issue: Thomas, Charles, William and John. 
Charles Chilton, one of these, married Elizabeth Blackwell, and had 
issue: John, Samuel, Stephen, Blackwell, Mark and Elizabeth. 
Of these Blackwell Chilton married Sarah Beale Eustace, and had 
Joseph Blackwell, William E., George, Stephen, Mary Elizabeth. 

Digitized by 


BuBWBLL Family Rbcobos. 93 

Communicated &y Dr, A. O, Cfordon. 

From Bible, printed at Oxford, by Thomas Burkett and Bobert 
Bnrkett, Printers to the University MDGOXLIII, in possession 
of Armistead G. Gordon of Staunton, Ya. 

Lewis Burwell married to Judeth Kennon the 30** of May 

Francis Page Bnrwell bom Sept. 19«>, 1790. 

William Kennon Burwell born Sept. 26«», 1791. 

Elizabeth Ann Burwell born Octob'. 25«», 1793. Died Oct. 
15, 1867. 

Alice Williams Burwell bom March 12<*, 1795. 

Lewis Burwell was bom August 19**, 1797. 

George Washington Burwell bom April 1**, 99. 

Ann Price Burwell bom Octob'". 11**, 1801. 

John Perrin Burwell born April 5**. 

Nathaniel Burwell bom April 4** 1806, died 6** July same y. 

Peter B. Whiting Burwell bom May 31"*, 1809. 

Mary Blair Burwell bom Sept. th. 2'3, 1811. 



James, son of James & Letitia Ransone, bom June 28, 1755. 

Frances, daughter of William & Elizabeth Gwyn, bom June 
26, 1755. 

Mary, daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth Winder, bom July 3, 

George Reade, son of Israel & Martha Christian, bom Aug. 
20, 1755. 

John, son of Humphrey ft Frances Gwyn, bom March 27, 

Digitized by 


94 William and Mart Quarterly. 

Thomas, son of Thomas & Sarah Jervis, bom May 7, 1756. 

James, son of Henry & Mary Bernard, bom July 16, 1766. 

John, son of Francis & Elizabeth Jervis, born July 18, 1756. 

Ann, daughter of Robert & Catherine Armistead, bom Sept. 
12, 1756. 

Armistead, son of Thomas & Dorothy Smith, bom Dec. 1, 

Ann, daughter of James & Letitia Sansone, bom Dec. 26, 

Mary, daughter of William & Lucy Jervis, bom April 20, 1757. 

Bailey, son of Israel & Martha Christian, born Dec. 25, 1757. 

Frances, daughter of Humphrey & Frances Gwyn, bom Dec. 
5, 1757. 

John, son of Anthony & Ann Singleton, bom July 2, 1758. 

William, son of Bev. John & Lucy Dixon, born Oct. 12, 1758. 

William, son of Qwyn & Dorothy Reade, bom Oct. 25, 1758. 

Robert, son of James & Letitia Ransone, bom Dec. 29, 1758. 

Ttomas William, son of Francis & Elizabeth Jervis, bom 
March 1, 1759. 

William, son of William & Lucy Jervis, bom May 9, 1759. 

John, son of Thomas & Dorothy Smith, born May 10, 1759. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Tabb, bom June 
3, 1759. 

Mildred, daughter of Humphrey & Frances Qwyn, bom Nov. 
23, 1759. 

Sarah, daughter of James & Letitia Ransone, bom March 15, 

Thomas, son of Rev. John & Lucy Dixon, bom Dec. 26, 1760. 

Susanna, daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Tabb, bom April 28, 

John, son of Israel ft Martha Christian, bom Oct. 16, 1761. 

Lucy, daughter of William ft Lucy Dixon, bom Nov. 10, 1761. 

Mildred, daughter of Robert ft Caty Armistead, bom Feb. 11, 

Pemmy, daughter of Henry ft Pemmy Singleton, bora March 
7, 1762. 

Digitized by 


ErnuoiGbrRBaiBTBB OF EiKGBTOif Pabibh. 9^ 

LetitU^ daughter of James & l4etitia Bansone^ bora April 13, 

Bailqr Seaton, eon of Bobert & Elizabetti Tabb, born Aug. 10, 

William, son of Siohard & Avenlla Singleton, bom Oct 2f, 

Gwyn Beade, son of Nathaniel ft Lacy Palmer, bom Oct. 10, 

Bobert, son of Bobert ft Elizabeth Tabb, bom Nov. 29, 1763. 

Edward, son of Francis ft Elizabeth Jervis, bom Oct. 18, 1763. 

Betty, daughter of John & Elizabeth Power, bom Dec. 5, 1763. 

Lucy, daughter of James ft Letitia Bansone, bom April 20, 

Israel, son of Israel ft Martha Christian, bom Aug. 30, 1764. 

Bannister, son of Wm. ft Lucy Jervis, bom Aug. 31, 1764. 

William, son of Bobert & Elizabeth Tabb, bom June 6, 1766. 

Martha Peyton, daughter of Humphrey & Frances Qwyn, 
bom Feb. 2, 1766. 

Mildred, daughter of Harry ft Lucy Gwyn, bom March 6, 

Peter, son of Mr. John ft Mary Bobinson, bom Sept. 23, 

Francis, son of William & Lucy Jervis, bom July 3, 1767. 

Mary, daughter of Bobert ft Elizabeth Tabb, bom Feb. 20, 

Humphrey, son of Humphrey ft Frances Qwyn, bom Feb. 9, 

Judith, daughter of Mathew Whiting, bom Feb. 26, 


John, son of Francis ft Ann Jervis, bom April 17, 1770. 

Balph, son of Bichard ft Elizabeth Armistead, bom May 4, 

William, son of William ft Mary Armistead, bom May, 5, 

Dorothy Clack, daughter of James ft Sarah Beade, bom Aug. 
12, 1770. 

Betty, daughter of Francis ft Ann Jervis, bom Dec. 24, 1770. 

Digitized by 


96 William and Mary Quabtboly. 

Armistead^ son of Bobert Ballard Dudley & Ann his wife, bom 
Jan. 27, 1771. 

Mariana, danghter of John Tabb, Eisq., & Frances, his wife, 
bom Jan. 27, 1771. 

Hannah, daughter of Henry Whiting & Humphrey Franoes, 
his wife, bom April 7, 1771. 

Francis, son of Cnrrel & Margaret Armistead, bom 1772. 

Gwyn, son of John & Judith Beade, bom March 22, 1772. 

Elizabeth Toye, daughter of Humphrey & Frances Qwyn, bom 
April 25, 1772. 

John, son of Francis & Ann Jervis, bom March 22, 1773. 

Qawin, son of William & Lucy Jervls, bom June 27, 1773. 

John Dixon, son of Lindsay & Elizabeth Jervis, bom August 

21, 1773. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Bichard & Betty Armistead, bom Aug. 

22, 1773. 

Franky, daughter of Nelson & Dorothy Waller, bom Sepi 

11, 1773. 

Bobert, son of John & Ann Armistead, bom Sept. 26, 1773. 

Anna, daughter 6t William Armistead, Esq., & Mary, his wife, 
bom Oct. 2, 1773. 

Matthew James, son of Bichard & Ann Bansone, bom Dec. 
25, 1773. 

Letitia Hunly, daughter of John & Dorothy Gwyn, bom May 

12, 1774. 

Mary Tabb, daughter of Humphrey & Frances Qwyn, bom 
Aug. 22, 1774. 

Patty Beade, daughter of Francis & Ann Jervis, bom Aug. 20, 

Judith Carter, daughter of William Armistead & Mary, his 
wife, bom Dec. 30, 1774. 

Mary, daughter of William & Elizabeth Buckner, bom April 
24, 1775. 

Anna, daughter of William & Elizabeth Dixon, bom June 4, 

Elizabeth, daughter of John & Sally Jervis, bom July 27, 

Digitized by 


Extracts— Register op Kingston Parish. 97 

Sarah^ dangliter of William Armistead^ Esq.^ & Mary, his wife, 
bom Feb. 22, 1776. 

Elizabeth, daughter of John ft Mary Jeryis, bom March, 1776. 

William, son of Francis & Ann Jervis, bom Aug. 1, 1776. 

Susanna, daughter of Bichard ft Elizabeth Armistead, bom 
Aug. 26, 1776. 

Lucy, daughter of John ft Dorothy Qwyn, bom Nov. 10, 1776. 

James, son of James ft Sarah Eeade, March 27, 1777. 

Elizabeth, daughter of James ft Lucy Jervis, bom Nov. 16, 

Thomas, son of Thomas & Dorothy Smith, b. February, 1778. 


John Ctordon ft Lucretia Singleton, Nov. 8, 1751. 

Mathew Whiting ft Martha Peyton, Nov. 2S, 1751. 

Augustine Eansone ft Catherine Hill, April 18, 1753. 

Henry Singleton ft Letitia Hunley, Febmary 16, 1754. 

Anthony Singleton ft Ann Smith, Nov. 19, 1754. 

Humphrey Gwyn ft Frances Peyton, February 21, 1755. 

Bobert Billups ft Ann Bansone, June 14, 1755. 

John Mayo ft Mary Tabb, December 3, 1755. 

Peter Wiat ft Sarah Billups, January 30, 1756. 

Humphrey Toy Tabb ft Mary Peyton, Nov. 24, 1756. 

Peter Bernard ft Frances Dudley, Sept. 7, 1758. 

Joseph Mayo ft Martha Tabb, September 3, 1761. 

William Bohannon ft Mary Gordon, May 9, 1761. 

Henry Whiting ft Humphrey Frances Toye, November 11, 

Nathaniel Palmer ft Lucy Eeade, December 30, 1762. 

Mathew Whiting ft Elizabeth Toye, Febmary 26, 1763. 

Nathaniel Gwyn ft Dorothy Eeade, July 2, 1763. 

William Thomas ft Judith Armistead, August 13, 1764. 

Mr. Mordecai Buckner ft Mrs. Mary Tabb, January 10, 1766. 

James Eeade ft Sarah Tompkins, September 6, 1765. 

Eev. Mr. Thomas Price ft Mrs. Mary Armistead, September 
16, 1765. 

Digitized by 


98 William and Mary Quabterlt. 

Francis Aimistead & Dorothy Beade^ Febrnaiy 2, 1766. 
■ Oully & Mary Armistead, February 5, 1766. 

Gwyn Beade & Harry Ann Whiting, June 5, 1766. 

Humphrey Davis & Martha Christian, January 2, 1768. 

William Darricot, of Hanover, & Catherine Finch, of Pett- 
worth, 1768. 

John Eeade & Judith Hummer, May 16, 1769. 

Sterling Thornton & Ann Cary, November 30, 1769. 

Francis Jervis & Ann Christian, December 23, 1769. 

Mr. John Tabb & Frances, daughter of Sir John Peyton, 1770. 

Richard Armistead & Elizabeth Jervis, February 11, 1770. 

Qeorge Armistead & Lucy Palmer, widow, December 12, 1770. 

Currell Armistead & Margaret Michen, December 29, 1770. 

Eichard Ransone & Ann Whiting, March 21, 1770. 

Capt. Thomas Smith & Ann Plater, December 2*6, 1771. 

Isaac Davis & Rebecca Armistead, January 9, 1772. 

Lindsay Jarvis & Elizabeth Dixon, November 2, 1772. 

Mr. John Gwyn & Miss Dorothy Ransone, February 6, 1773. 

Mr. John Dixon & Mistress Elizabeth Peyton, February 6, 

Mr. Starky Armistead & Miss Mary Tabb, June 19, 1773. 

Mr. Mordecai Throgmorton & Miss Mary Peyton, December 
11, 1773. 

Mr. Josiah Dean of the Co. of Norfolk ft Miss Rosanna Lilly 
of this parish, February 26, 1773. 

John Reade & Susanna Peak, April 14, 1774. 

William Dixon & Elizabeth , October 27, 1774. 

Capt. Thomas Dixon & Miss Sarah Hawkins, December 8, 

Dudley Cary & Lucy Tabb, November 11, 1776. 

George Fitzhugh & Frances Tabb, November 26, 1776. 

Thacker Washington & Miss Harriet Peyton, October 12, 1776. 

Ralph Cully & Mary Singleton, November 6, 1775. 

Robert Gwyn & Ann Ransone, Jan. 26, 1778. 

Edward White & Pemmy Singleton, February, 1778. 

Digitized by 


Atlett Family Tradition. 99 


Mary^ wife of John Jervis^ Jan. 1, 1750. 
Perin Smith, Jan. 80, 1762. 
Ann Smith, Jan. 5, 1752. 
Israel, eon of Israel Smith, April 7, 1752. 
Mary Hummer, April 26, 1752. 
Bobert, son of Robert Reade, October 26, 1759. 
Mary, daughter of Capt. Gwyn Eeade, November 6, 1759. 
Capt. Thomas Machen, December 22, 1759. 
Letitia Ransone, Jan. 11, 1760. 
WiUiam Dudley, Jan. 15, 1760. 

Lucy, daughter of Humphrey Gwyn, died March 16, 1771. 
Thomas Dawson, clerk of the New Church, died July 28, 1770. 
John, son of Humphrey Gwyn, was drowned in Milford 
Haven, 1770. 

Communicated by WiUiam Winston Fontaine. 

The following account of the first ancestor in America of the 
Ayletts was written for me, by my uncle. General Philip Aylett, 
of Montville, King Wm. Co., Va. — bom Oct. 31, 1791 — ^who re- 
ceived it from his father. Colonel Philip Aylett, bom March 12, 

Wm. Winston Fontaine, 
Galveston, Texas. 

'The tradition is that John Aylett, our first American pro- 
genitor, bom about 1630, was a younger son of the High Sheriff 
of Essex County, England, during the reign of King Charles I., 
and that he being a devoted adherent of the King, suffered much, 
botii in person and property; and was a prisoner in the Tower 
for some time. At present, I do not recall the name of John 
Ayletfs father. It was a Bible name I remember. — Isaac, David, 

Digitized by 


100 William and Mary Quarterly. 

Benjamin or Joseph — ^perhaps the last. All that I have heard of 
him is that he was a great favorite with King Charles I., who 
appointed him High-Sheriff, and what I have stated above. 

The tradition, which has come down to me through my father, 
states that John Aylett fought at the battle of Worcester, and 
that late in 1655 on account of the persecution of the Boyalists, 
which foUewed their unsuccessful rising of that year John 
Aylett left England for Virginia in company with several other 
Boyalists. He settled in what is now known as Northern Neck. 
Whom he married, I know not. He had a son Philip who moved 
to King William, as now known, and settled at Fair Field, which 
property has never been out of the possession of the Ayletts. 
John Aylett may have had other children. — I rather think that 
he had another son and daughters. 

Philip Aylett married and had a son Wm. Aylett, who married 
and had a son Philip Aylett, who married Martha Dandridge, 
and had four children. Their eldest son was Col. Wm. Aylett of 
the Eevolution, who married Mary Macon. Their eldest son. 
Col. Philip Aylett was my father, who as you know, married 
Elizabeth Henry. 

Fontainbleau, August 15th, 1848." 


In 1736 the first newspaper was published in Williamsburg 
by William Parks. The province was before indebted to the 
gazettes of Boston and Pennsylvania, and a few of the richer 
class were occasionally supplied with European journals. Wil- 
liam Parks established a bookstore at his office, '^n the session 
of 1744 there is a manifest improvement in the stile of the 
communications between several departments of govemm^it. 
In 1748 the advertisements of the booksellers prove a consider- 
able expansion of intellect. They had before this time enumera- 
ted abundance of theology and a few of the minor classics. The 
advertisements of tiiis date contain some of the most approved 

Digitized by 


Books in Williamsburg. 101 

writers in the arts and sciences and the best editions of the 
ancient and modem classics/** In 1766 a second Virgvnia 
Oaaette, by William Bind was established at Williamsburg^ and 
in 1775 a third by John Dixon and William Hunter, who was 
also postmaster. The list below was published in the Virginia 
Gazette, by Dixon and Hunter, for November 25, 1775. 

A Catalogue of BOOKS for Sale by DIXON & HUNTEE at 
their Printing OflSce, at a very low Advance, for ready Money. 

Church Bibles. 

Chamber's Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, 2 V. 
Jacob's new Law Dictionary. 
I/Estrange's Joeephus. 

Postlethwayt's Dictionary of Trade and Commerce, 2 V. 
Laws of Virginia. 


Astruc on the Venereal Disease. 

Blackstone's Commentaries of the Laws of England, 4 V. 
Beyer's French and English, and English and French Dictionary. 
Complete Farmer : being a general Dictionary of Husbandry in 

all its branches. 
Priestley on Electricity. 

Dalrymple's Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland. 
England's Bloody Tribunal, or Popish CrueUy displayed. 
Foster's discourses on all the Principal Branches of Natural 

EeUgion and Social Virtue, 2 V. 
Ferguson's Astronomy. 
Hedrico's Greek Lexicon. 

Kenrick's new Dictionary of the English Language. 
Lucani Pharpalia. 

Life of Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury, written by himself. 
Macbride's Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Physic. 
Pope's Works, 5 V. 

♦ Burk, History of Virginia, III., 400. 

Digitized by 


102 William and Maby Quarterly. 

Preacher^s Directory, or a Series of Subjects proper for Public 

Warden's System of Revealed Religion. 
Young's Experimental Agriculture, 2 V. 


Astruc on Midwifery. 

Alexander's Experimental Essays. 

Adanson's Voyage to Sen^al, the Isle of Goree, and the River 

Addison's Miscellaneous Works, in Prose and Verse, 4 V. 
An Account of the Spanish Settlements in America. 
Ainsworth's Latin Dictionary abridged, by Thomas Morell, 

D. D. 
Bum's Justice of the Peace, 4 V. 
Buchan's Family Physician. 
Brookes' Practice of Physic, 2 V. 
Buchanan's History of Scotland, 2 V. 

Broughton on the Nature and Circumstances of the Life to come. 
Ball's Practice of Physic. 
Bradley on Husbandry and Gardening. 
Book of Martyrs, or the History of Paganism and Popery. 
Beattie on the Nature and Immutability of Truth. 

Isocrates, 2 V. 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress from this World to that which is 

to come, delivered under the Similitude of a Dream. 
Bailey's English Dictionary. 

British Liberties, or the Free Born Subject's Inheritance. 
Callender's Voyages to the southern Hemisphere. 
Charlevoix History of Paraquay, 2 V. 
Crantz' History of Greenland, containing a Description of the 

Country and its Inhabitants, 2 V. 
Dobson's Annals of the late War, from its Begining to the 

present time. 
Delaney's Life of David, King of Israel, 2 V. 
Drelincourt's Defence against the Fears of Death. 

Digitized by 


Books in Williamsbubg. 103 

Drihainers Elements of Agriculture, revised by P. Miller, 2 V. 

Dialogues of the Dead. 

Ditton's Discourse concerning the Eesurrection of Jesus Christ. 

Dowling's complete System of Italian Book-keeping. 

Dyche's English Dictionary. 

Dialogues between a Pilgrim, Adam, Noah, &c., containing the 

History of the Bible and the Jews. 
Dudo's History of Lewis XI, King of Prance, 2 V. 
Bivery Man his own Lawyer. 

Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affec- 
Emerson^s Astronomy, — Do. Fluxions, — Do. Arithmetic. 
Elements of Optics. 
Essays selected from the Encyclopedy. 
Edinburgh Dispensatory. 
Penning's English Dictionary . 

Preval on the Character of true Christian Charity displayed. 
Ferguson's Astronomy, — Do. Tables and Tracts, relative to 

several Arts and Sciences. 
Praser's History of Kouli Khan, present Emperor of Persia. 
Gillie's Devotional Exercises on the New Testament. 
Gordon's XTniversal Accountant and Complete Merchant, 2 V. 
— ^— ^ General Compting House, and Man of Business. 

Glass' Art of Cookery made plain and easy. 

Gast's Eudiments of the Grecian History, from the first Estab- 
lishment of the States of Greece. 

Guthrie's Geographical, Historical, and Commercial Grammar, 
and present State of the several Kingdoms of the World. 

Gibson on the Diseases of Horses, 2 V. 

Gr^ory's Treatise of Practical Geometry. 

Harmonia Sacra, or a choice Collection of Psalm and Hymn 

Hall's Contemplations on the Historical Passages of the Old and 
New Testament, 3 V. 

Hutchinson's Xenophon. 

Hill's Family Herbal — ^Do. Arithmetic. 

Hammond's Historical Narration of the whole Bible. 

Digitized by 


104 William and Mary Quaetbbly. 

Hutcheson's Inquiry into the Original of onr Ideas of Beauty 
and Virtue. 

History of the Island of St. Kilda. 

Harte^s History of Gustavus Adolphus Bang, of Sweden, sur- 
named the Great, 2 V. 

Howell's History of the Old and New Testament, in which are 
inserted the Occurrences that happened during the space 
of about four Hundred Years from the Days of the Prophet 
Malachi to the birth of our Blessed Saviour, 3 V. 

Howell's Familiar Letters, domestic and foreign. 

History of the Islands of Cape Breton and St. John. 

Harris' Treatise on the acute Diseases of Infants. 

Hogarth Moralized. 

Hume's Essays on several Subjects, 2 V. 

Johnson's and Steven's Shakespeare, with Correction and Illus- 
trations of various Commentators, 10 V. 

Johnson's English Dictionary, 2 V. 

Jentfs Course of Anatomico — Physiological Lectures on the 
Human Structure and Animal Economy, 3 V. 

Keill's Astronomical Lectures, read in the Astronomical School 
of the University of Oxford. 

Kennett's Antiquities of Bome. 

Langhome's Translation of Plutarch's lives, 6 V. 

Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding, 2' V. 

on the Conduct of the Understanding. 

Lawson's lectures on Oratory, delivered in Trinity CoU^, 

Lord Bacon's Letters, Speeches, Charges, Advices, &c. 

Ledran's Observations and Operations in Surgery. 

Letters from a (Jentleman in the North of Scotland to his 

Friend in London, giving an account of the Manners and 

Customs of the Highlanders, &c., 2 V. 
Macbride's Experimental Essays on Medical and Philosophical 

Maclurg's Experiments on the Human Bile, and Beflections on 

the Biliary Secretion. 

Digitized by 


Books in Williamsbubg. 109 

Miller^s Gardener^s Kalendar, directing what works are neoes- 

sary to be performed every month. 
Moes on Qanging. 
Morgan's Disquisition concerning Hnman Nature^ Free Agency^ 

Moral Government, and Divine Providence. 
Mdmoth's Cicero, 3 V. 

Majcwell's Practical Husbandman, being a Collection of miscella- 
neous papers on Husbandry. 
Manning on the Diseases of Pregnant and Child-bed Women. 
Medical Observations and Inquiries, by a Society of Physicians 

in London, 3 V. 
Moore's Practical Navigator and Seaman's New Daily AssistoDt. 
Martin's English Dictionary. 
Mason's Poems. 
Macpherson's Tranektion of the Works of Ossian, the Son of 

Kngal, 2 V. 
Nugenf 8 life of Cellini, a Florentine Artist, containing a 

Variety of entertaining Particulars relative to Painting; 

Sculpture, and Agriculture, 2 V. 
Nugent's Observations on Italy and its Inhabitants, 2 V. 
Nelson's Festivals and Fasts on the Church of England. 
Noble's Elements of Linear Perspective, demonstrated by 

(Jeometrical Principles. 
Nettleton on Virtue and Happiness. 
Prideaux History of the Jews and Neighbouring Nations, from 

Declensions of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, to the 

Time of Christ, 2 V. 
Pringle's Observations on the Diseases of the Army. 
Price's Eeview of the Principal Questions and Difficulties in 

Potter's System of Practical Mathematics. 
Pascal's Thoughts on Eeligion and other curious Subjects. 
Price's Observations on Eeversionary Pajnments, &c. 
Patoun's Treatise of Practical Navigation, to which are added 

The of Mensuration, Surveying and Gauging. 
Prieur's Abridgement of Beyer's French and English and Eng- 
lish and French Dictionary. 

Digitized by 


106 William and Mart Quabtbbly. 

Quincy^s Complete English Dictionary. 

Bay^s Travels through the Low Countries, Germany, Italy and 
France, 2 V. 

Euffhead's life of Pope, compiled from original Manuscripts. 

Bobertson^s History of Scotland, 2 V. 

Eural &;onomy, or Essays on the Practical Pari» of Husbandry. 

EoUin's History of the Arife and Sciences of the Ancients, 3 V. 

Eapin^s History of England, 21 V. 

Bevisal of Shakespeare's Text, wherein the Alterations intro- 
duced into it by the more modem Editors and Critics are 
pariicularly considered. 

Switzer's Nobleman, Gentleman, and Gardner^s Eecreafcion, 3 V. 

Smith's Complete Housewife, or Accomplished Gentlewoman's 

Seed's Sermons, 3 V. 

Shaw's Chemical Lectures for the Lnprovement of Arts, Trades, 
and Natural Philosophy. 

Shaw's Practice in Physic, 2 V. 

Simpson's Algebra. 


Swiff s History of the four last years of Queen Anne. 

Seeker's Sermons, 4 V. 

Salmon's Geographical and Historical Grammar. 

Steuarfs Physical and Mathematical Tracts. 

(Mrs.) Meditations upon several Text of Scripture. 

Sherlock's Discourse concerning a future Judgment 

, — concerning the Happiness of (Jood Men, 

and the Punishment of the Wicked in the next Wwld. 

— — on Death. 

Sermons^ 2 V. 

Smellie's Theory and Practice of Midwifery, 3 V. 
Stackhouse's History of the Bible, 6 V. 
SmoUetf s Travels through Prance and Italy, 2 V. 
Swan's Translation of Dr. Sydenham's Works. 
Stith's History of Virginia. 
Smith's Complete Body of Distilling. 
Schrevelli Lexicon. 

Digitized by 


Books in Williamsburg* ' lOV 

Sherwin's Mathematical Tables. 

Smith's longinufl. '' 

True Briton, 2 V. 

Taylor's Bule and Exercise of Holy Living snd Dying. 

Tissot's Advice to People in General with legard to their Health. 

Temple's Works Complete, 4 V. 

The Attorney's Practice in Court ol K B. & Common Pleag, 4 V. 

Complete Po<*ctBool, 8 V» 

Universal Englidi Dictioiiary. 

Universal Arithmetic, by Sib Isaac Nbwton, revised and cor- 
rected by Mr. Cimn and others. 

Van Swieten's Commentaries abridged by Dr; Schomberg. 

Wrighfs American Negociator, or the various Currencies of the 
British Colonies, as well the Islands as ihe Continent. 

Walch's History of the Fopes^ from the Foundation of the See 
of Rome to the present Time; ' . , 

Wyld's Practical Surveyor. r 

White's Cares and Eemarks in Surgery. - ^ . . > 

Watt's Philosophical Essays on various Silbje^tts; 

— — r- — ^ first Principals of astmnomy and jGeography. 

L World to come, or Discourses on; the Joys and^ Sor-* 

rows of departed Souls at Death. 

Wilson's Elements of Nlavigation. - - 

Wingate's Arithmetick. 

Young's Six Months' Tour through the.North of Bngltod, 4 V; 

Latin and English Dictionary. 


Addison's Miscellaneous Works in prose and verse, 4 Y. 

Adventurer, 4 V. 

American Gazetteer, 3 V. 

Adventures of a Jesuit, with several remarkable Characters and 

Scenes in real life, 2 V. 
Agreeable Ugliness, or the Triumph of the Graces. 
Allein's Alarm to Unconverted Sinners. 

Digitized by 


108 William and Mary Quarterly. 

Bunyan's Law oad Grace unfolded. 

Holy War. 

Heart's Ease in Hearths Trouble. 

Boston's Fourfold State of Human Nature. 

Buchanan's Introduction to a Grammar School Education. 

— British Grammar. 

Bollingbroke's Miscellaneous Works, 4 V. 

Brown's Sunday Thoughts. 

Bracken's Farrier or Complete Horse Doctor, 2 V. 

■ Midwifery. 

Balbe Berton's Life and Heroic Actions, 2 V. 

Brown's Pastoral Works, 3 V. 

Boyle's Eeceipts in Physic. 

BrightlaDd's English Grammar. 

Boyse's Pantheon or Fabulous History of the Heathen (Jods. 

Baxter's Call to Uaiconverted Sinners. 

Book of Knowledge. 

Cryf all, or the Adventures of a Guinea, 4 V. 

Connoisseur, by (Mr. Town) Critic aud Censor Gteneral, 4 V. 

Clarrissa Harlowe, or the History of a Young Lady, 8 V. 

Count Fathom, by the Author of Eodrick Eandeom, 2 V. 

Clergyman's Companion in visiting the sick . 

Centaur not Fabulous. 

Complaint, or Night Thoughts on Life, Death, and Lnmortality. 

Cecil and Grey, or the History of a Gentleman aud Lady, in a 

series of Letters, 2 V. 
Citizen of the World, or Letters from a Chinese Philosopher 

residing in London, to his Friend in the East, 2 V. 
Classical, Historical and Biographical Dictionary. 
Gibber's Lives of the Poets of Great Britain and Ireland to the 

Time of Dean Swift, 6 V. 
Cocker's Arithmetick. 
Croxall's Esop Fables. 
Crumbs of Comfort and Godly Prayers. 
Clarke's Homer, 2' V. 
Don Quixote, (by Smollet), 4 V. 
Dryden's Ancient and Modem Fables. 

Digitized by 


Books in Williamsbubg. 109 

Doddridge's Rise and Progress of Religion in the SonL 

■ Hymns. 
Duncan's Elements of Logic. 
Dayid Simple's Adventures through the Cities of Lcmdon and 

Westminster, in Search of a Real Friend, 2 V. 
Dodd's Visitor, 2 V. Do. Sermons to Young Men, 

3 V. 
Devil on Crutches, 2 V. 
D'Alemberf s French Dictionary. 
Davidson's Virgil, 2 V. 
Exemplary Mother, or Letters between Mrs. Villars and her 

family, published by a Lady, 2 V. 
Eliza Musgrove, her History, in a Series of Letters, 2 V. 
Entertaining Fabulist, containing a Variety of diverting Tales 

and Novels. 
Edinburgh Entertainer, containing historical and poetical Col- 
lections for the Use of Schools. 
Erskine's Gospel sonets, or Spiritual Songs. 
Fool of Quality, or the History of Henry Earl of Moreland, 5 V. 
Fielding's Works with the Life of the Author, 12 V. 
Fordyce's Sermons to Young Women, 2 V. 
Falconer's Voyages and Dangerous Adventures. 
Fairy Tales, containing many useful Lessons and Moral Senti- 

ments, 2 V. 
Tales and Novels, written by that Celebrated wit of 

France, the Countess D'Anois, 3 V. 
Family Instructions, relating to Father and Children, Masters 

and Servants, Husbands and Wives, 2 V. 
Fortunate Country Maid, or the Memoirs of the Celebrated 

Marchioness of L V ' — , who from a Cottage 

became a Lady of the first Quality in the Court of France. 
Fugitive and Miscellaneous Pieces, 3 V. 
Forms of Devotion for the Use of Families, by Dr. Leland and 

Female Cavalier, a Story founded on Facts, 3 V. 
Fontenell's Dialogues of the Dead. 
False Step, a Novel, 2 V. 

Digitized by 


Fisher's Iii^r^Mf ^'Y6iiflg Man^s Best Gowipjmlo^. - 

Penning's Arithmetick. .11 

Gay's Poems, 2 V. - ■ •' ' '' '' 

^-T . ri,: , rn . I Iqaye:'"-'^ ■' ■ ^ " ■' ' '' ■" 'l '-^ " ''^ 

PkWe^/" " - - • '• — ■ > ,^ ■ -^ 'V 

•Gii'Bkife/'by tlfe'Alithoi*' of Roderick Random^ '■ ' 

(Jentleman's Companion and Tradesman's Delight. 

(Jerman Spa (New Amusements of the) 2 V. ' ' ' ^ '^ 

Gulliver's Travels into several remote Nations of the World, S V. 

Greenwood's English Grammar. 

Heavenly Foot' Mati, or a description of the Man that gets to 

History of Queen Elizabeth and the Earl of Essex. 
Henry's Communicants Companion or Instructions and Helps 

for the Eight receiving of the Lord's Supper. 
Hei^vey's Time of Banger and Means of Safety. 
Humphrey Clinker, by the author of Roderick Random, 3 V. 
Hume's Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. 
History of Arsaces, Prince of Betlis, by the Editor of Chrysal, 

2 V. • * ' 

Halifax's Familiar Letters, on Various Subjects of Business and 

Amusement, written in a Natural Easy Manner. 
History of England, by Question and Answer, for the ITse of 

Young Gentlemen and Ladies. 
Historical Miscellany. 
Home's Dramatiq Works. 
Hutcheson^s Introduction to Moral Philosophy. 
Johnatoa^s Pronoundng and Spelling English Dictionary. 
Joaeph Andrews' Adyenturee, and Jiis Abra^iam Adams> 2 V. 
Idler» by the author. of the Bamblar, 2 Y. 
Jenk's Prayer and Devotions for the Use <rf Famlliee. 
Jonathaafi Wild^ hifi tile and Adventures. 
Enights of Malta, or the History of the Ejiighf s Hodpitiiller's 

lof St. Jobji. of Jeritealem, 6 V. ' - 

Kidnapped Orphan. • ' i 

Kimber's English, Scotch and Irish Peerage. ' ' 

Digitized by 


Books in Willumbbxtbg. Ill 

life of John Buncle^ Esq. ; contaming variooA obserrations and 

reflectioiis made in several Parts of the Worlds 4 Y. 
Ladies Library, written by a Lady and published by Sir Richard 

sua, 3 V. 

Locke's Thoughts concerning Edncation. 

London Practice of Physic 

Letters from a Persian in London to his Friend at Ispahan. 

Letters wrote by a Turkish Spy, who lived five and forty Years 

imdiscovered at Paris, 8 V. 
Lewis's Catechism. 
Lowth's English Orammar. 
Moral Miscellany, being a Collection of Select Pieces in Prose 

and Versa 
Memis's Midwife's Pocket Companion. 
MaflFey's Travels and Adventures translated from the French. 
Martin's Universal Gazetteer. 
Marrow of Modem Divinity. 
Mademoiselle De La Sarre's Life and Adventures. 
Manners translated from the French. 
Memoirs of several Ladies of Great Britain, 2 V. 
Moral Tales after the Eastern Manner, 2 V. 
Milton's Paradise Lost and Begained, 2 Y. 
Pious Country Parishioner instructed. 
Plutarch's Lives, 9 Y. 
Pope's Works, 6 Y. 
Perigrine Pickle, 4 Y. 
Pompadour, wherein are explained the motives of the wars, 

treaties of peace, embassies, and negotiations in several 

Courts of Europe, 2 Y. 
Persian Letters by Montesquieu. 

Tales, 2 Y. 

Pamela, or Yirtue Eewarded. 

Pleasing Instructor, or Entertaining Moralist. 

Practise of Piety, directing a Christian how to walk that he 

may please God. 
Bobinson Crusoe, his life and adventures. 
Bamsay^s Poems^ 2 Y. 

Digitized by 


112 William and Maby Quabtbbly. 

Beliqaes of antient English Poetry^ 3 V. 

BeUgiouB Courtship being historical discoaiBes on fhe necessity 

of marrying religions husbands and wif es only. 
Boman History by Question and Answer^ for the Use of Schools. 
Roderick Eandom, his adventures, 2 V. 
Bambler, 4 V. 
Howe's (Nicholas) Works, 2 V. 

(Mrs.) Devout Exercise of the Heart 

Bichardson's Esop's Fables. 

Sermons to Asses. 

Spectator, 8 V. 

Scipio and Bergansa, two dogs belonging to the city of TV>ledo 

giving an account of their lives and adventures, with their 

reflections on the lives, humours and employments of the 

masters they lived with, written by the author of Don 

Smollett's Don Quixot, with Cuts, 4 V. 

■ Authentic and entertaining Voyages, 7 V. 
Sophronia, or Letters to the Ladies. 
Salmon's Gazetteer. 
Scarron's Comical Works. 2 V. 
Sherlock's Discourses and Sermons, 4 V. 
Swift's Works, in 24, 13 and 3 V. 
Tristram Shandy. 

Tom Jones, or the History of a Foundling, 4 V. 
Tom Brown's Serious and Comical Works, 4 V. 
Tissotf 8 Essay on the Disorders of people of fashion, and a 

treatise on the diseases incident to literary and sedentary 

Thompson's Seasons. 
Tooke's Pantheon, representing the fabulous Histories of the 

Heathen Qois, and most illustrious Heroes. 
Triumvirate or the authentic Memoirs of A. B. and C, 2 V. 
Tatler, or Lucubrations of Isaac BickerstaS, Esq., 4 Y. 
Telemachus the Son of Ulysses, in French and English, 2 Y. 
The New Whole Duty ^f Man, containing the Failii and 

Digitized by 


Ebgisthr of St. James Northan Parish. 113 

Practice of a Christian, necessary for all Families. 
Vicar of Wakefield, a Tale, 2 V. 
Voltaire's Miscellaneous Poems, 3 V. 
Willison's Balm of Oilead. 

Sacramental Directory. 

World by Pitz-Adam, 3 V. 

Warden's Collections, for the use of Schools. 

Winter Evening's Companion, or Comp^idious Library. 

Wallis's Farrier's and Horsman's Complete Dictionary. 

Watf s Death and Heaven, or the last Enemy conquered. 

Tarrock's Sermons, .7 V. 


CkmUnued from page S6. 


Tarlton Fleming and Mary Eandolph, son Tarlton, b. July 

18, 1763. 

Alexander Moss and Ann Thurman, son Philip, b. May 21, 

Mr. Thomas Boiling and Elizabeth Gay, Bebecca, b. Aug. 19, 

Tho. Stark and Martha Price, Mary, b. April 27, 1763. 
Benj. Woodson and Bebecca Cocke, Tabetha, b. July 11, 1763. 

Peyton Smith and Judeth Wadley, Sally, b. Dec. 17, 1763. 

Mr. Tho. Eandolph and Mrs. Ann Cary, of Tuckahoe, Henry 
Cary, b. Jan. 8, 1764. 

Mr. Tho. Eandolph and Mrs. Ann Cary, of Tuckahoe, Mary, 
b. Aug. 9, 1762. 

Major Will Pryor and Sarah Wood, Mary, b. Feb. 4, 1764. 

Col. John Payne and Joan Smith, Smith, b. Jan. 18, 1764. 

Tho. Woodson and Elizabeth Woodson, Susannah, b. Nov. 

19, 1763. 

Mr. John Boiling and Mary Jefferson, Thomas, b. Feb. 11, 

Digitized by 


11^ William and Mary Quabtbbly. 

Dmry Christian and Lacy Williams^ Ann^ b. Mch. 3^ 1764. 

John Martin and Anna Barbour lewis^ Peter^ b. Mdi. 16^ 

Carter Henry Harrison and Susannah Bandolph, Betty, b. 
Mch., 1764. 

John Curd and Lacy Brent, Nannie, b. March 5, 1764. 

Tyree Glenn and Sarah Shelton, Jeannie, b. May 17, 1763. 

James Glass and Eve Williams, David, b. Sept. 21, 1764. 

Thomas Walker, Surgeon and Mildred Thornton, son Francis, 
b. June 22, 1764. 

Richard Pryor and Mary Mooney, Eichard, b. Dec. 11, 1763. 

Benjamin Clopton and Agnes Morgan, dau. Olive Judith, b. 
July 6, 1762; another dau. Mary, b. April 27, 1764. 

John Woodson and Mary Mims, Eliz., b. May 22, 1764. 

Col. Nathaniel West Dandridge and Dorothea Spotswood, 
Elizabeth, b. Sept 12, 1764. 

Will Curd and Mary Watkins, Susannah, b. Oct 11, 1764. 

Mr. Thomas Boiling and Betty Gay, Mary, b. Jan., 1764, 

James Woodson and Eliz. Whitlock, Gillie b. Jan. 13, 1763. 

William Pryor and Martha Wood, Mathew, b. Feb. 16, 1765. 

Joseph Eoyal Perrar and Phoebe Harris, Sarah, b. Feb. 10, 

Will Eobards and Eliz. Lewis, Sally, b. Jan. 25, 1765. 

John Pace and Susanna Houchins, Francis, b. Nov. 25, 1764. 

Eobert Burton and Judeth Laforce, Jean, b. Mch. 29, 1766. 

Noel Burton and Lucy Barret, William Barret, b. April 2, 

Tarleton Fleming and Mary Randolph, son William, b. April 
14, 1766. 

Turner Southall and Martin Vandeval, William, b. April 27, 

John Lewis and Eliz. McBride, Mary, b. Mch. 21, 1766. 

David Cosby and Mary Johnson, James, b. March 28, 1766. 

Gideon Moss and Susanna Bichardson, John. b. March 10, 

Alexander Moss and Ann Thurmond, Fleming, b. April 20, 

Digitized by 


BenjaihM-J^hti^^n^'ftda l^raettjidliH I^ft^.^^lBaxmah^^bk -Oct. 

Thomas Underwood and Ann Taylor, William, b. Oct. 2,1765. 
'-^Ea^kni V^illi^«ia^(?aibh^rinetiai4fttiS:fe^^ 

Booth Napier and Christian Terril, Will Parsons, b.Oct. 

i§,'-!i7ei-*'-' '• -'^ ■" ■*'- ■'' "■- ^ •^"' *■•■- - ' • -• '- 

'^Jo&h'Curd riiid liucy Stent, Cftrtiertn^, b. Jan. '80,' 1W6. 

John Boiling, and Mary Jeflferson, Jane, b. Sept 17, 1765. 

BenJfanlBi Woodson and Eebecca Cocfce, Bebeoca, b. Mch. 

Jsmes Qlass and Eve Williams, John, b. Dec. 22, 1765. 

SrajoF William Pryor arid Samk Wood, Ann, b. June 5, 1764. 

Capt. Waiiam Harrison and Ann Payne, Bobert, b. Jtme 
T9», 1766. 

James Cole and Mary Willis, Susannah, b. Aug, 19, 1766. 

T^homas & Elizabeth Woodscm, Mary, b; Jtme 15, 1766. 

Drury Christian and Lucy Williams, Drury, b. Aug. 16, 1766. 
-B^jAmin Clopton and Agnes Morgan, Susannah, b. July 23, 

Tticker Woodson and Mary Nefcherland, John Pleasants, b. 
May 21, 1766. 

' Capt John Really and Eliz. Randolph, Charles, b. Nov. 24, 
1766. : 

^ Pleasairfs Cocke and BHx. Fo^er, William, b. Dec. !&1, 1^65. 

Thomas Underwood and Ann Taylor, John, b. Feb. 22, 17^. 
•o^^arilBtofi' tTieifaitig aaad Mary Bitodb!^h> Thomas Mann, b. 
Feb. 15, 1767. 

Edtmfd Bfce aid Ann %aft, BMtabfetfc'i b. Jan. 37, 1?W. 
^^ VttkAiine Wood arid Ltic/ri^ttty, Saa-Bh, b.«(ifc 1, 1767.- 

James Woodson and Elizabeth Whitlock, Thoitiafi^* ' b.- T^. 
28, I'mra .n nnr ,1, :.M.:,-../' i-'/.v^ ^■. ^ .:.' ., '., 

'^Tfeia^ Sidlat^dMii dBfd Attn Allta, Tffithaitfel; *. SW/^^S, 
Edmund Curd, a daughter named Peggie, b. Jan. 22, 1767;' ^ 

Digitized by 


116 William and Maby Quarterly. 

John Boiling and Mary Jefferson, Ann, b. July 18, 1767. 

John Curd and Lucy Brent, Newton, b. Not. 21, 1767. 

Ben£ Napier and Bebecca Hurt, Skelton, b. May 29, 1767. 

James Curd and Mary Qraves, Jesse, b. Dec. 7, 1767. 

Stokes McCawl and Agnes Williamson, Mary, b. Dec. 29, 

William Pryor and Sarah Wood, Valentine Wood, b. Jan. 18, 

John Saunders and Bliz. Hancocke, Mary, b. June 13, 1767. 

Bernard Markham and Mary Harris, Martha, b. Jan. 13, 

Noel Burton and Lucy Barret, daughter, b. Feb. 20, 1768. 

Thomas Underwood and Ann Taylor, son Thomas, b. March 
31, 1768. 

EdVd Bice and Ann Byan, daughter Patty, b. May 24, 1768. 

John ToUiver and Eliz. Sydnor, Lucy, b. May 23, 1768. 

Dabney Ker and Martha Jefferson, twins named Mary and 
Lucy, b. Mch. 7, 1768. 

Jesse Payne and Prances Morton, George Morton, b. June 
28, 1768. 

Meredith Price and Eliz. Pox, Nathaniel West, b. Oct. 25, 

William Massie and Frances Adams, Benjamin, b. July 13, 

John Harris and Obedience Turpin, son Francis, b. May 7, 

Qideon Moss and Susanna Bichardson, son Gideon, b. March 
19, 1768. 

Benjamin dopton and Aggie Morgan, Ben Michauz, b. Aug. 
19, 1768. 

William Curd and Mary Watkins, Mary, b. Oct. 10, 1768. 

l^omas Mann Bandolph and Nancy Caiy, Tho. Mann, b. 
Oct. 1, 1768. 

James Glass and Eve Williams, Molly, b. June 11, 1768. 

Benjamin Woodson and Bebecca Cocke, Sarah, b. July 6, 1768. 

John Pace and Susanna Houchins, son Charles, b. Oct 24, 

Digitized by 


Sbgisteb of St. Jambs Nobthan Parish. 117 

Benjamin Johnson and Martha HtLghes, Jean^ b. Oct. 14^ 

Benjamin Johnson and Susanna Peirce, William, b. Dec. 16, 

Pleasants Cocke and Elizabeth Fowler, Bobert, b. Feb. 14, 
Een6 Napier and Eebecca Hurt, Thomas, b. Nov. 1, 1768. 
John Payne and Anne Chichester, Anne Ball, b. Feb. 16, 
Jeremiah Doss and Ursley Taylor, Israel, b. Dec. 15, 1768. 
Hugh Moss and Jennie Ford, Sallie Wain, b. Apl. 17, 1769. 
George Underwood and Betty Curd, Richard, b. Apl. 6, 1769. 
John Hanson and Eliz. Pace, son Joseph, b. March 20, 1769. 
Thomas Hord and Eliz. Fitzpatrick, Abraham, b. Feb. 26, 
Edmund and Mary Curd, a son Edward, b. May 20, 1769. 
Valentine Wood and Lucy Henry, Maiy, b. May 8, 1769. 
William Pryor and Sarah Wood, son Luke, b. June 25, 1769. 
Benjamin Cocke and Mary Johnson, dau. Ann, b. May 24, 

George Richardson and Eliz. Miller, William Miller, b, May 2, 

James Woodson and Eliz. Whitlock, dau. Sally, b. May 25, 
John Glass and Sally Martin, David, b. May 27, 1769. 
David Cosbie and Mary Johnson, son Pleasants, b. 1769. 
John Boiling and Mary Jefferson, Martha^ b. 1769. 
John Curd and Lucy Brent, Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1769. 
Jesse Payne and Prances Morton, Richard B^ylie, b. Sept. 
10, 1769. 

Stokes McCawl and Agnes Williamson, son Richard, b. Dec. 
13, 1769. 

Col. Thos. Randolph and Ann Cary, son William, b. Jan. 16, 
John Martin and Barbara Lewis, John, b. Dec. 26, 1769. 
Dabney Carr and Martha Jefferson, Peter, b. Jan. 2, 1770. 

Digitized by 


118; Wtlwam ajjd Maby Quabthei-y. 

Mch. 22, 1770. ,^a:i 

Thoft. Jf assi^ and Mwy Williams, Maarttw^K ApriLl^ i^aOd 
John Eailey and Eliz. Randolph, Randolph, b. May 14, IWil 
Meyedith Price aad.BUz. Fox, John P6x, b, June 1^ 1770'.l 
James Holman and Sarah Miller, P^. Martin, b. July a>(J>t 

1770. . I >L 
John Woodson and Sarah Mims, Sajn Tucker^ b.. Sept., 1749. 
Charles Christian and Sarah Duke, son Charles Hunt, b. Nxiif.t 

18,1770. > L 

Ben. Qopton and Aggie Morgan^ Anthony, b» June 28^ ino. 

Jan. 3, 1771. Archer Payne and- Martha Dandridge, Jcfltm 
Dandridge, b. Nov. 20, 1770. . ; . -r. 

Bobcrfr Mayo aiwi Mary Kichard8<)n, Sally ThoHKon,' lb. 
Jan. 30, 1771. .»^vn 

Lyd^al As^i^ $aad Anne Aiq)er8on, Anne Apperson, Mohi'f9, 
177L , . ,: J .>;,/ . :- ; ■ '.■ •■' ^Wf 

. ThomoB Bamjolph «a4 Jfane Cary, twins, viz^ Isfaam, Thomis, 
b. Mch. 27, 1771. . :/ 1 

Arch. Bryce and Mary Mitchell, Mary Gildchrist, b. July St j: 

1770.;, • . ^- ^' -: : - . , -. - ..■■; ;, .^^ -..O 

Ben6 Napier and Sebecca Hurt, Sarah Qarland, b. Jsji^^A^i 

1771. -r ■ . . ,..^. -., ,..[. 

John Lewis and Eliz. McBride, Eliz. b. April 20, 1771. j n :i 

Will Massie and Francis Adams, Betky, b. June .22, 1771, ;. 

Jesse PcQrne and Prances Morton, Jesse Bujrton, b. June. ?7, 
1771. ; . .;, 

Ben. Pitapetrick and Mary Perkins, Constantine Peridns> b. 
June 23, 1771. .,;. 

John Curd and Lucy Brent, Price b. Aug. 14, 1771. 

Thos. Mann Randdph and Ann Cary, Archibald Ckry, b. Aug. 
24, 1771. ; 

Thomas Woodson and Mary Woodson, Judith, b. Mch. 7, 1771. 

Jeremiah Blacklock and Eliz. Gentry, Hezekiah, b. May '2; 

Dabney Carr and Martha Jefferson^ Samuel, b. Oct. 9, 1771. 

Digitized by 


Bboibteb of St. Jameb Nobthan FIrish. 119 

David Copland and Snaan Skeleton,. SuiaH^ Sk^^tcta^jb^/JFim. 
7, 1772. ' . S ' -.SM,;-: 

Nath. West Dandridge and Dorothea Spots^pood, Maiy/ClAJ- 
bum, b. Jaa. 14, 1772. _ 

Valentine Wood and Lucy Henry, son Valentine, b. -r* — > f— - 

Joseph Cfurd and Mary Warran, Martha, b. S^..6^ 1771* y 

Burgess Ball and Mary Chichester, Bli?. Burge8e> b* Mi?h. 
16, 1772. : ,' u 

James Qlass and EVe Williama, Janey, b. Jtme 14, 1772. v 

Will Qlass and Eliz. McGaw, Nancy, b. Nov. 4, 1771. . , > 

John Glass and Sally Martin, John, b. June 8, 1771. i 

Ajchy Payne and Martha Dandridge, dau- Anne Spottswpodf 
b. April 19, 1772. 

Nathaniel Massie and Eliz. Watkins, Thomas, b. June 2, 17(7?^ 

Tarlton Fleming and Mary Eandolph, Judith, b. July 4, 

Claybom Eice and Mary Bice, Susannah, b. Oct. 6, 1771. 

John Payne, Sr., and Jean Smith, Eliz. Woodson, b. 1772. 

Tho. Mann Eandolph and Ann Cary, Judith, b. Nov. 24, 17.72. 

Ben. Johnson and Martha Hughes, dau. Frances Anderson, 
b. S^t. 23, 1772'. 

Meredith Price and Eliz. Fox, Kitie, b. Dec. 5, 1772f. 

John Boiling and Mary JeffCTSon, Edward, b. Sept 17, 1772. 

John Pace and Susannah Huchins, Jam€8, b. Nov. 25, 1772. 

James Holman and Sarah Miller, Will Miller, b. Nov. 15, 

Eich. Johnson and Dolly Powis, Eeuben Powis, b. Oct. 7,: 

Edward and Mary Curd, Elizabeth, b. March 5, 1773. 

Eobert Mayo and Margaret Eichardson, James, b. Mdu 11> 

Dabney Carr and Martha Jefferson, Dabney, b. April ^, 1773. 

William Miller and Joanna Laprade, John, b. May 1, 1773. 

William Jordan and Eliz. Woodson, Woodson, b. Dec. 27, 

John Woodson and Mary Mims, son Booth, b. Aug. 28, 1771. 

John Curd and Lucy Bfent, Daniel, b. Oct 14, 1773. 

Arch. Payne and Martha Dandridge, Martha, b. Nov. 6, 1773. 

Digitized by 


120 William and Mary Quaeterly. 

Will Bobards and Eliz. Lewis, son Eobert, Dec. 7, 1773. 

Milner Eadford and Sarah Lewis, Mary, b. Dec. 27, 1773. 

Valentine Wood and Lucy Henry, Lucy, b. Jan. 7, 1774. 

Joseph Mayo and Jennie Richardson, Patty, b. Feb. 21, 1774. 

Will Massie and Prances Adams, Prankie, b. Pd). 5, 1774. 
Tho. Massie and Mary Williams, Snckie, b. Ap. 30, 1774. 

James Curd and Mary Qraves, Nancy, b. June 12, 1774. 

John Payne and Mary Chichester, Molly, b. April 3, 1774. 

Will Lewis and Hannah Underwood, John Underwood, b. 
Nov. 4, 1774. 

Tho. Mann Randolph and Ann Cary, Ann Cary, b. Sept. 16, 

Tucker Woodson and Sarah KndQing, Charles Woodson, 
b. Dec. 29, 1774. 

Charles Cosbie and Elizabeth Sydnor, James Overton, b. Oct. 
20, 1774. 

Garret Minor and Mary Overton Terrill, Bebecca, b. Peb. 2, 

Jacob Mayo and Susannah Isabel, Oeorge, b. Dec., 1774. 

James Cocke and Jane Johnson, EUizabeth, Peb. 3, 1775. 

Wm. Lewis and Sally Mann, Jesse, b. Dec 28, 1774. 

George Underwood and Eliz. Curd, James, b. Peb. 6, 1774. 

Wm. Heath Miller and Joanna Laprade, John Heath, b. Mch. 
10, 1775. 

Tho. Underwood and Ann Taylor, Francis, b. Mch. 18, 1775. 

Robert Payne and Margaret Sydenham Morton, Lucy, Morton, 
b. 1775. 

Will Massie and Prances Adams, Mary, b. June 16, 1775. 

Waddy Thomson and Mary Lewis, Mildred, b. Sept. 21, 1775. 

Obadiah Smith and Lucy Poor, Betsy, b. Aug. 30, 1775. 

John Todd and Mary Williams, John, b. Aug. 7, 1775. 

John Saunders and Eliz. Hancocke, Benj., b. Sept. 16, 1775. 

John Curd and Lucy Brent, Woodford, b. Dec. 15, 1775. 

William Cole and Sarah Claybom, Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1775. 

Archer Payne and Martha Dandridge, Archer, b. Nov. 29, 

Valentine Wood and Lucy Henry, John, b. Jan. 18, 1776. 

Digitized by 


Bbqister of St. James Nobthan Parish. 121 

William Miller and Joanna Tjaprade, Betsy, b. July 6, 1776. 

Garrett Minor and Mary Overton, Eliz. Lewis, b. Aug. 27, 

Tho. Mann Eandolph and Ann Cary, Jane Gary, b. Dec. 17, 

Stokeley Towles and Elizabeth Downman, Portens, b. Jan. 3, 

Tho. Eldridge and Winifred Miller, Winifred, b. Feb. 20, 

John Glass and Sally Martin, William, b. Oct. 20, 1776, 

Will Lewis and Sally Mann, William, b. Jan. 19, 1776, . • 

Edmund and Mary Curd, Charles, b. Feb. 18, 1777. 

Meredith Price and Eliz. Fox, Jean Ballard, b. Feb. 27, 1777. 

(Jeorge Underwod and Eliz. Curd, Edmund, b. April 1, 1777. 

James Dabney and Judith Anderson, Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1777. 

George Eichardson and Eliz. Miller, Betsy Jones,, b. Mch. 25, 

Wil Lewis and Hannali Underwod, Ann, b. May 8, 1777. 

George Payne and Betty McCarthy Morton, Lucy Hubard, b. 
May 14, 1777. 

Archer Payne and Martha Dandridge, Dorothea Dandridge, 
b. July 10, 1777. 

Bobert Payne and Margaret Sydenham Morton, Richard 
Beckwith, b. Aug. 9, 177.7. 

Tho. and Eliz. Massie, David, b. May 17, 1777. 

Jfus. Cocke and Martha Parin, ( ?) William, b. Aug. 1, 1777. 

Nath. Massie and Ann Clark, Eebekah, b. Aug. 28, 177.7. 

Tho. and Eliz. Massie, Elizabeth Watkins, b. March 29, 1781. 

Will Cole and Sarah Woodson, Sarah, b. Jan. 10, 1781. 

Ja : Cole and Fanny Willis, Lucy, b. June 3, 1781. 

Tunstall Quarles and Susannah Edwards, Tunstall, b. May 
11, 1781. 

Ben6 Woodson and Martha Johnson, Fanny, b. Aug. 23, 1780. 

Turner Christian and Anna Payne, BilUe Payne, Jan. 17, 

Garrett Minor and Mary Terrill, Sarah b. Aug. 14, 1781. 

Pat. Woodson and Nanny Cloof, ( ?) Molly, b. Sept. 17, 1771, 

Digitized by 


122 William and Mary Quaboterly. 

Sam Dabney and Jean Meriwether, Francis, b. July 1, 1781. 

George TJnderwod and Eliz. Curd, George, b- Nov. 21, 1781. 

Hen: Chiles and Judith Daniel, James, b. Sept. 3, 1781. 

Lewis Barret and Jane Price, Mary, b. Nov. 23, 1781. 

Jo: Dickeson and Mary Cole, Ja: Cole, b. Dee. 2'4, 1781. 

George and Elizabeth Watkins, Fielding Lewis, b. Feb. 13, 

Sam Newton and Agnes Chiles, Henry, b. July 3, 1781. 

Aaron Laurie and Maple Holland, Ovarton, b. Feb. 2'3, 1782. 

Will Eobinson and Agnes Smith, Agnes, b. Oct. 28, 1781. 

Jo: Nelson and Lucy Eobinson, Agnes, b. Feb. 6, 1782. 

Will Pryor and Eliz. Hughes, Martha, b. Mch. 31, 1782. 

ArchCT Pledge and Ann Woodson, Archer, b. Jan. 1, 1782. 

Bich : dough and Jane Woodson, Mary, b. Mch. 9, 1782. 

Will Macon and Sally Woodson, Henry, b. Mch. 8, 1782. 

Nathaniel Massie and Ann Clark, Ann, b. March 5, 1779, 
Sarah, b. May, 1781. 

Arch. Bryce and Mary Mitchell, Elizabeth, b. Mch. 19, 1781. 

Gteorge Bichardson and Eliz. Miller, Marg. Frizel, b. Oct. 
23, 1782. 

Will Poindexter and Marg't Daniel, diild, b. June 9, 1782. 

Hickerson Cosby and Nancy Harris, Mary, b. June 23, 1782. 

Will Bigger and Martha Bichardson, Polly, b. Oct. 13, 1781. 

Bich. Anderson and Ann Meriwettier, Ann Meriw', b. Aug. 
3, 1782. 

Armistead Brown and Sally Daniel, Betty, b. Sept 5, 178?. 

Bich. Johnson and Ann Nicholson, Bhoda, b. June 18, 

Turner Christian and Anne Payne, Jesse (Jeorge, ' ^ 1782? 

Tho. Oosbie and Elizabdh Cosbie, William, b. July 16, 1782. 

Richard Taliferro and Ann Taliferro, Lucy, b. Aug. 6, 1782. 

Samuel Woodson, and Sanih Mills; twins. Will. Fontain and 
Jo: LeVillain, Jan. 30, 1785. 

Jo: Poindexter and BUz. Johnson, Tho. Poindexter, b. Dec. 
31, 1782. 

Archer Payne and Patty Dandridge, Elizabeth, b. Oct 29, 

Digitized by 


Officers Appointed by Gloucbbter Co. 123 

Stokeley Towles and Miz. Downman, Mildred b. Oct 13, 1782, 

Da: Bullock and Jane Terry, Sally Terry, b. Dec. 2, 1782. 

Garret Minor and Mary OvCTton Terrill, Peter, b. Jan. 30, 

Cha : Cosbie and Eliz. Sydnor, Lucy Hawkins, b. Mch. 5, 1783. 

William Bibb and Eliz. Biggars, Biggars, b. May 2, 1783. 

Winkfield Coebie and Ann Bak^, Ann Winkfield, b. Aug. 10, 

Ja: Cole and Fanny Wills, Boscow, b. Jan. 28, 1783. 

Will Christian and Martha Brans, John, b. Aug. 2*8, 1783. 

Jos: Woodson and Sarah Crouch, La Fayette, b. Aug. 12, 

Will Qooch and Lovinah Clements, Sally, b. Feb. 16, 1769. 

Tho : Johnson and Eliz. Meriwether, TTiomas, b. Nov. 14, 1783. 

Claybome Qooch and Mildred Thomson, Thomson, b. Jan. 
28, 1784. 

Jo. Curd and Ann Underwood, b. June 5, 1783. 

Lewis Barret and Jane Price, Lewis, b. Jan. 17, 1784. 
To he eontinued. 

(Va.) committee of SAFETT in 1776. 

From the ''Pir^ia QazeUe,*' hy Alexander Purdie, October tl, 1776. 

At a Committee held for Gloucester County, at the Court- 
house of the said County, on the 13th day of September, 1775 : 
Present: Warner Lewis, Esq., Chairman and 32 members. 

Agreeable to the ordinance of the Convention, the following 
G^tlemen were nominated o£Bcers in the militia, for the County 
of Gloucester. 

Warner Lewis, Esq: County Lieutenant Sir John Peyton. 
Baronet Colonel. Thomas Whiting, Gtent. Lieutenant Colonel. 
Thomas Boswell, Gent. Major. 

Captains. Gibson Cluverius. John Camp. Richard Matthews. 
€teorge Booth. Jasper Clayton. John Hubbard. James Hubbard. 

Digitized by 


124 William and Maky Quaktebly. 

John Whiting. John Billups, sen. Benjamin Shackleford. John 
Willis. Eobert Matthews. William Bnckner. John Dixon, jun. 
Eichard Billups, and William Smith. 

Lieutenants. Samuel Cary. Richard Hall. John Poster. James 
Baytop. Thomas Buckner. George Green. William Sears. James 
Bentley. Edward Matthews. John Billups, jun. Dudley Gary. 
Hugh Hayes. Churchill Annistead. Philip Tabb. John Foster, 
jun, and Eobert Gayle. 

Ensigns. Henry Stevens. William Dawes. William Haywood. 
Thomas Baptop. John Pox. James Laughlin. William Bentley. 
Christopher Garland. Peter Bernard. John Hayes. Samuel 
Eddins. Thomas Tabb. Eichard Davis. Josiah Poster. (Jeorge 
Plummer, and John Gayle. 

Mess. Dixon & Hunter are desired to publish the above in 
their Oazette. 

Jasper Clayton, Cl^k. 


From the ''Virgima Chjuette'' 8^t. fS, 1775, 

To Mess. Dixon & Hunter. 

Predericksburg, Sept. 7, 1775. 

The following is a production of a young Lady of this town 
(Miss L. D.) on the marriage of Mr. L. W. to Mrs. A. C, a 
Gentleman and Lady of distinguished abilities, character and 
deportment: ^^I think the most amiable couple within my 
notice.^^ If you think it deserves a place in your gazette (as it 
may probably divert your readers to explain it, and give no 
offence, for I assure you I intend none) you will please to do so, 
and oblige a constant reader. 

Apply to Mrs. M. C. a daughter of Ix W. 

My husband's my uncle, my father's my brother; 
I also am sister unto my own mother. 

Digitized by 


Massih Family. 12f5 

I am sister and aunt to a brother called John, 
To whom wit and good nature combined doth belong. 
This paradox, strange as it may be to you, 
Any day that you please I can prove to be true. 
N*. B. The marriage is lawful. 

N OTK— The above Unes were written by a young lady of Frederloksborf (L. D.) npon 
the marriage of OoL Lewis WlUls of Fredericksburg, with Ann Carter, widow of John 
Ohampe. Mrs. M. (X referred to In the verses was MUdred Garter, daughter of Ool. 
Lewis WUlla, by his nrst wife, Mary Champe and wife of Landon Carter, who was the 
brother of Ann Carter (widow Champe), the second wife of Col. Lewis Willis. John 
W. Willis, brother of Mildred (WlJlls) Carter, Is the brothe eferred to in the verses. 
The relationship la shown In the following chart : 

John Champe = Jane— - 
WlUprered | 
In King I 

George Co., 


Mary Champe ^ Lewis WlUls — Anne Carter = John C hampe 
bom Nov. 11, daughter of 
1784. Charles Car- 
ter of King 
George Co. 

John W. Willis Mildred WUlls = Landon Carter, 

■on of Charles Carter, 
King George CO. 


Continued from Vol. Xllly 20S. 

19 Thomas* Massie (William,^ Thomas,^ Peter^) was bom in 
New Kent County, August 22, 1747, attended William and 
Mary College 1759-1760; a captain in the Eevolutionary service 
winter of 1775-1776 to February 20, 1778, when he was promo- 
ted Major, in the Northern campaigns, 1776-1779, generally on 
detached or particular service. He was major of, and for a time 
acting colonel of, the 2d. Virginia Eegiment, 1778-1779 ; aid-de- 
camp to General Nelson winter of 1780-1781 to the fall of York- 
town; after the war received 53331^ acres of land in the States 

* See Brown, CabelU and their Kin; Richmond Standard^ MarctL 
5, 1881. 

Digitized by 


126 William and Mary Quarterly. 

of Ohio and Kentucky for his services as major, etc. He moved 
from St. Peter's Parrish, New Kent County> about 1780, to 
Frederick County, and thence to old Amherst about 1803, where 
he settled on a tract of 3111 acres on the upper Tye river — a 
part of the old Eose Grant — which he had purchased from John 
Bose in 1795. This land lay in the present county of Nelson, 
of which county he was one of the first magistrates from 1808. 
He married about 1780 Sarah Cocke, and died at ^^Level Qreen," 
his seat in Nelson, February 2, 1834. His wife was bom at 
Turkey Island, Henrico Co., March 8, 1760, and died at *'Level 
Green'' April 20, 1838. She was sistfer to William Cdcke and 
Bowler Cocke (which last married Tabitha Fry, daughter of 
Col. Joshua Fry) and daughter of Bowler Cocke, of Turkey 
Island, (bom March 7, 1727), son of Bowler Cocke (bom 1698), 
son of Bichard Cocke by his wife Anne Bowler, (daughter of 
Thomas Bowler of Rappahannock, and Tabitha, his wife), son of 
Bichard Cocke (bom Dec. 10, 1639), son of Bichard Cocke Sr. 
of "Bremo,'' son of Col. Richard Cocke, of Malvem Hill, Henrico 
County, Va., who is said to have migrated from Leeds, Yorkshire, 
England, to Virginia, prior to 1636. 

Major Thomas Massie and Sarah Cocke, his wife had issue 47 
Thomas Massie, bom 1783 ; 48 William, 49 Henry. 

47 Thomas^ Massie (Thomas,* William,* Thomafl,^ Peter^) 
chose medicine as his profession, was bound apprentice to Dr. 
James Drew McCaw, of Richmond (Quabtbkly IV., 109), grad- 
uated in Philadelphia, then went to Europe and spent four years 
in the schools of Edinburg, London and Paris; on his return to 
America settled in October, 1807, to practice his profession in 
Chilicothe, Ohio, where his father and his relatives , Gteneral 
Nathaniel and Henry Massie owned large landed interests. He 
finally returned to Nelson Co., Va. ; married 1st Itacj Waller, of 
Bellfidd, York County, and 2d. August 3, 1826, Sarah Carring- 
ton Cabell. He was a surgeon in the war of 1812 ; member of 
the House of Del^ates of Virginia, 1824-1827 and 1829-1830; 
member of the Virginia Convention of 1829-1830 ; a trustee of 
Washington College; died at Blue Bock, May 7, 1864 — ^^*a most 
polished, literary and interesting man.'^ Issue by first marriage 

Digitized by 


Mabsib Family. 127 

with Lacy Waller. 50 Sarah, married Hon. William 0. Goode, 
member of Virginia Conyention of 1829-1830, and of the D!nited 
States Congress. 51 William K. died unmarried. 52' JtdUft 
A., married H. C. Boyd, of Boydton. 53 Waller married Mary 
James. Issue by 2d marriage wi1& Sarah C. Cabell : 54 Anne 
C, b. Aug. 10, 1827; d. February, 1829. 55 Pairick Cdbdl 
Massie. 56 Paul Massie, bom June 5, 1831 ; died 1894 unmar- 

50 Sarah« Massib (Thomafl,^ Thomas,* William,^ Thomas,^ 
Peter^) and William 0. Qoode, her husband, had issue: (1) 
William; (2) liucy Waller, married George Baskerville; (3) 
Eliza; (4) John Thomas, first lieutenant U. S. A., Colonel C. 
S. A.; (5) Juliet Virginia, married Dr. Jordan; (6) Kiward 
Branch, member of Virginia Senate; (7) Henrietta Wise, mar- 
ried Thomas H. Boyd; (8) Sarah. 

52 Juliet Afi Massie and Henry C. Boyd, her husband had 
issue: (1) Thomas Massie, married E. E. Pinley; (2) Conrad 
Durelle, married Lula Warwick; (3) Waller Macon, married 
Carrie Yancey; (4) Alice, married Bobert Stuart Cabell; (5) 
Henry; (6) William H., married Kate Trigg; (7) Noland L., 
married A. Anderson; (8) Virginia P.; (9) Lucy Waller; (10) 
Juliet A.; (11) Lula Goode. 

53 Waujbr® Massib (Thoma8,5 Thomas,* William,^ Thomas,^ 
Peter^) graduated as Bachelor of Law when at William and Mary 
Collie in 1845. By Mary James, his wife, had issue: (1) Wil- 
liam, (2) Thomas, (3) Gertrude. His widow married 2dly I>r. 
Thomas Eugene Massie^ and 3rdly Judge John Cochran. 

55 Patrick® Cabell Massib, b. January 8, 1829; educated 
at Washington Collie, 1845-1846; married June 18, 1857 
Susan C. Withers, a sister of Ex-Senator Robert E. Withers, of 
Virginia, and daughter of D!r. Bobert W. Withers and his wife, 
Susan Dabney Alexander. Mr. P. C. Massie was a very success- 
ful farmer and man of affairs. He died at his home ^TThree 
Springs,'^ in Nelson County, Sept«nber 29, 1877. Issue: (1) 
Robert Withers Massie, b. April 24, 1858; m. November 11, 
1885, Mattie W. Manson (daughter of Nathaniel C. Manson 
and Polly Cary Wilson, his wife) and had Robert W.^ Naihaniel 

Digitized by 


128 William and Mary Quabtebly. 

M. and Catherine Douglas Massie. (2) lliomas Massie^ b. 
1860; died 1863. (3) Patrick Cabell Massie, b. Aug. 27, 1862; 
m. Augast 17, 1893 Elizabeth McCullough Kirkman, a great 
granddaughter of Sarah Moore by her first husband, Samuel 
McCulloch, uncle of Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, of Texas, C. S. 
A. He had issue: Joel White Massie; (4) Thomas Massie, b. 
May 14, 1864; (5) Thornton L. Massie, b. Oct. 1, 1866. m. 
June 19, 1899, Mary Kent Nicholson (daughter of Wilton P. 
Nicholson and Mary Kent Bentley his wife. He had issue: 
Patrick Cabell Massie and Mary Bentley Massie; (6) Douglas 
Gray Massie, b. 1868, died 1883; (7) Withers Massie, b. April 
17, 1870; (8) Susan Catherine, b. Sept. 10, 1872. 

48 William^ Massie (Thomas,* William,^ Thomas,^ Peter^) 
married 1st, Sarah T. Steptoe, October 20, 1814; 2nd, Martha 
Wyatt, May 9, 1829; 3rd, Sarah N. Clark, May 20, 1833; 4th, 
Maria C. EflSnger, Dec. 20, 1834. Issue by his first marriage, 
56 Col. Thomas J. Massie; by his second marriage, 57 Ellen; by 
his fourth marriage, 58 Virginia, married Joseph Ldgon; 59 
Florence, married Ist, John Tunstall; 2dly, Judge John D. 
Horseley, of Lynchburg; 60 Bland, State Senator, married 
Eliza Snead, daughter of John Snead and Josephine Moore, his 
wife, and has 13 children. 

49 Hbnry^ Massie (Thomas,^ William,^ Thomas,^ Peteri) 
married twice: first, Susan Preston Lewis, August, 1810, and 
2nd, Elizabeth Daggs, May, 1826. Issue by the first marriage : 
61 Sarah Cocke, bom Oct. 22, 1811, married Eev. Prank Stanley, 
of Newbern, N. C. 62 Mary Preston, b. Sept. 26, 1813, married 
September, 1829, John Hampden Pleasants, editor of the Rich- 
mond Whig, and had James, who married Caroline P. Massie, 
his cousin (see infra) and (2) Ann Eliza, married Douglas H. 
(lordon, of Baltimore. 63 Henry, b. July 4, 1816, married 
Susan E., only daughter of Thomas Bolton Smith, of South 
Carolina, and had issue: (1) Henry Lewis, (2) Caroline P., 
married James Pleasants, her cousin (Supm), (3) Sarah Lewis, 
(4) Eugene Carter, of Richmond, lawyer, member of the House 
of Del^ates, (1906), (5) TTiomas Bolton, (6) William Bussell, 
(7) Susan, (8) Charles (dead). 64 Eugenia Sophia, bom 

Digitized by 


Bjelly op Westmoreland Co. 129 

Feb. 3, 1820 married CoL Samuel Gatewood of Bath Co., and 
had issue: (1) Susan, married Mr. Taliaferro; (2) Mary, mar- 
ried Samuel Qoode; (3) William, (4) Andrew C, (5) William 
B., (6) Fillmore S., 65 Dr. Thomas Eugene, surgeon U. S. A., 
(rfScer in Kit Carson expedition, married Mary James the widow 
of Waller Massie, of Ohio, and had issue: (1) Frank, (2) 
Eugenia, (3) Nita. 66 Nita died young. 

By his second marriage, Henry Massie left issue: Hezekeir, 
b. Oct. 1, 1831, married Emma Eice about 1870. 

Fr(m the ''Virginia OazeUe,^' by Dix<m and Hunter, October gl, 1775, 

Whereas the alarming situation of the country at this time is 
such that Gentlemen of property and distinction have thought 
it necessary to remove their families for safety : In tender con- 
sideration whereof, I do hereby declare that I think it the in- 
dispensable duty of every frontier county to be aiding and assist- 
ing all those who are exposed to imminent danger ; I therefore, as 
a private individual, being blessed with a considerable quantity 
of land, do freely offer, for the relief of such distressed families, 
10,000 acres of land in the counties of Bedford and Pittsylvania, 
which will settle fifty families, on paying only the quitrents of 
such land until times shall be changed. 

William Mead. 

New London, Bedford County. 



I have an old Bible of date May 18, 1829, made out by my 
father, Thomas Conway Kelly who was bom in Va. Deer 2'5, 

Digitized by 


130 WiLUAic AND Mary Quabtbely. 

''James Kelly son of Alexander Kelly and Elizabeiih his wife 
was bom 12'*^ day of March 1737. Susan Wilson his wife was 
born 4^ of October 1741. John Kelly son of said James and 
Susan was bom 3^ April 1761. 

"Jane Payne his first wife was bom 31«* of August 1760 
Dinah Conway his 2'*^ wife was bom 11^ May 1773. James 
Y. Kelly, son of said James and Susan was bom the 12^ Sep- 
tember 1765. 

"Cfhildren of John Kelly & Jane Kelly & of John Kelly & 
Dinah Conway Kelly 

towit: Fanny Kelly. James W. Kelly. 

John P. Kelly. Susan W. Kelly. 

George P. Kelly. Richard P. Kelly. 

Peter C. Kelly. Thomas C. KeUy. 

Jane P. Kelly. Spicer W. Kelly. 

Alexander D. Kelly. Mary Ann Kelly. 

William T. Kelly. Henry W. Kelly. 
Elizabeth Kelly. 

Children of James Y. Kelly who married a Nancy Neale. 
Susan Kelly, married (Boulware) 
Sally Kelly, married (Sheeley) 
James Kelly. 

Nancy Kelly, married (George P. Kelly) 
Elizabeth Kelly, married (V. Bogers) 
Penelope Kelly, married (Thomas C. Kelly) 
Spicer Kelly 

John Kelly who died in Louisiana in 1837 and 
supposed to have been in the war of Texas Inde- 
pendance, when Santa Anna was captured year 35. 
6 or 7. He enlisted in Louisville Ky.'* 

The following were children of James & Susan Kelly. 
John Kelly, bom S^ April 1761. 

Spicer Kelly, bom 

Donathan Kelly, bom (May be A. D. K.) 

Digitized by 


Teansfeb Day at thb College. 131 

Molly Kelly, bom perhaps married 

Joseph Wilson Sr. 
James Y. Kelly, bom 12 Sept. 1765. 
Alexr D. Kelly, bom May be Donatiian. 

Said to be a nnmerous family. 

My father said and I so recorded it that: Alexr Kelly emigrated 
at an early day from Wales and settled at Jamestown, Va., 
(either he or his parents) ; his son James who married a Wil- 
son settled in Westmoreland County, Va., and died in that 
county. I have an impression that I have heard m father speak 
of Alexr once living in Maryland, but am not certain. 

James Y. Kelly, son of James & Susan Kelly, emigrated to 
Ky. about 1800. I learn that he was living in Ky. from a letter 
dated 25 July, 1802 from Alexr D. Kelly to him; also in 1825 a 
letter written by one Spicer Wilson to his ^TDear Nephew.^* So 
I presume Spicer Wilson married a daughter of Alexr & Eliza- 
beth Kelly. Alexr D. Kelly writes under date 20 July, 1825 to 
his brother James Y. Kelly, stating that they were the only two 
left out of a numerous family. 

J. Y. Kelly, 

Georgetown, Kentucky. Attorney at Law. 


Fnm the ''Virginia QatOU,'' Augwt 19, 1776. 

Tuesday last (the 15th instant) being the anniversary of the 
Transfer Day, a sermon was preached in the college chapel, by 
the Bev. Mr. Bracken; afterwards the President, Masters and 
scholars, convened in the hall, when the two medals adjudged 
the day before, one to John Canmi White, for his superior skill 
in mathematics and natural philosophy, the other to Mr. Thomas 
Evans, a prize due to the best classic scholar, was delivered to 
those young Gentlemen, with a congratulatory Latin speech by 

Digitized by 


132 William and Maet QuABrratLY. 

the President Mr. Evans then ascended the rostrum, and pro- 
nounced a Latin oration in praise of the founders and bene- 
factors. Mr. White afterwards pronounced one in Englidiy set- 
ting forth the advantages of education and the grateful memory 
of the Founders. Lastly, Mr. Granville Smith pronounced a 
Latin oration on the same subject as Mr. Evans. 



Bom in Stafford County, Va., Peb. 28, 1752. Died near 
Charleston, S. C, March 6, 1810. 

Modesty and courage were two of the conspicuous character- 
istics of that family of which George Washington was the most 
illustrious member. Among the kinsmen of Washington, who 
achieved during the period of the American revolution, some 
degree of fame through individual merit alone, perhaps the best 
known is William Washington, who exhibited throughout his 
career many of the characteristics of his great kinsman. 

On the occasion of William Washington's death, the American 
revolution society of South Carolina adopted resolutions in which 
he was spoken of as " modest without timidity, generous without 
extravagance, brave without rashness and disinterested without 
austerity; which imparted firmness to his conduct and mild- 
ness to his manners , solidity to his judgment and boldness to his 
achievements; which armed him with an equanimity unalterable 
by the frowns of adversity or the smiles of fortune, and steadi- 
ness of soul not to be subdued by the disasters of defeat or elated 
by the triumphs of victory.*^ This encomium surely might have 
been passed, without the alteration of a single word, on George 
Washington himself. 

William Washington was twenty years younger than his great 
kinsman. He was the son of Bailey Washington, and belonged 

* From an artide published in the Boeton Olobe, 

Digitized by 


William Washington of Stafford County. 133 

to a yoimger branch of the original Washington family. He 
was intended for the church, and received a much more careful 
education thaa George Washington had enjoyed. At the out- 
break of the war of the Eevolution, William was not much more 
than a youth. If he had intended to be a clergyman he soon 
abandoned that idea, and early in the war received a commission 
as captain of infaatry in the 3d regiment of the Virginia line. 

He was with the commander-in-chief in the operations about 
New York, and was severely wounded at the battle of Long 
Island. He made the retreat through New Jersey with Gen. 
Washington, and at the battle of Trenton led a daring charge 
upon one of the enemy's batteries, capturing the guns, but re- 
ceiving a severe wound. Two yeaxs later he was transferred to 
the dragoons and appointed major. While he was captain one 
of his lieutenaats was James Monroe, a future president of the 
United States. 

Joining the army of Gen. Lincoln in the South, he was 
appointed to the command of a regiment. He first defeated 
Tarleton, the British cavalry leader, but afterward was surprised 
by that dashing ofl&cer. In the battle of the Cowpens, the 
courage of Col. Washington was exhibited in a daring charge at 
a critical moment, and himself and his commander. Gen. Daniel 
Morgan, with Lieut. Col. Howard, received medals from Con- 
gress. It was in this battle that Tarleton and Washington had a 
personal encounter, the hand-to-hand combat resulting in a 
victory for the American. 

Until at the battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina in 
1781, Col. Washington was unhorsed and wounded and made 
prisoner, he was one of the most conspicuous fighters in the 
southern campaign that practically closed the war. After the 
cessation of hostilities. Col. Washington who had married and 
moved to Charleston, S. C. was elected to the legislature and put 
forward as a candidate for the governorship, but he declined the 
nomination because, as he declared, he "could not make a 

During the war Gen. Washington had watched the conduct of 
his brave young kinsman, and when, in 1798, President Adams, 

Digitized by 


134 William and Maey Quarterly. 

at the time of the trouble with Prance, appointed (leorge Wash- 
ington commander-in-chief of the American army, tiie general 
appointed his kinsman a member of his staff and had him made 
a brigadier general, while suggesting that he receive an independ- 
ent command in South Carolina and Georgia. 

A portrait of Col. Washington was placed at Mt Vernon by 
three of his great nieces and hangs in the banquet room of that 
historic house. 


OonUnued from poi^ U. 

August 4th. 1775. 


At a meeting of the President & Professors of W"*. & Mary 


The Rev :^ & Hon :*>*« John Camm, President, Mr. Jones 
and Mr. Dixon. 

The President informed the Society that at the last Visitation 
on the 17th. June the Visitors were of Opinion that Mr. Innis's 
military Engagements were not incompatible with his Office of 
Head-Usher of the Grammar-School. He also acquainted the 
Board that he would have brought them the Opionion of the 
Visitors in writing had he not found an Application that it is 
not yet entered among the Minutes of the Visitors. He added, 
that Mr. Innis is now absent from the College without Per- 
mission, and has been almost constantly so ever since the last 
Visitation on Business (as is generally believed) which respects 
his military Engagements. 

Resolved hereupon, that no farther proceedings be had in 
relation to Mr. Innis. 

Resol: — ^That the medal assigned for the Encouragement of 
Philosophical Learning be given to Mr. John White. 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Presidents and Masters, etc. 135 

that tiie Medal assign^ for the Encouragement of Phy- 
sical Learning be given to Mr. Thomas Evans. 

August 7th. 1775. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W"*. & Mary 
College : 


The Eev:<* and Hon:*>'« John Camm, President, Mr. 
Jones, and Mr. Dixon. 

Ordered — ^That Mr. Thomas Horrocks^s Ace:* and a copy of a 
determination of the Visitors concerning his demands be in- 
closed to Mess:'^^ Hanbury & Lloyd, — ^that they be desired to 
pay the former if not ahready paid. — ^that conformable to the 
latter, they make all farther reasonable Satisfaction and Com- 
pensation to Mr. Hiorrocks for his Expenses, Trouble and Ser- 
vices & that Mr. Robert Miller may be written to on this Subject 
to give all Assistance in his Power to Mess:'^ Hanbury & Co. 
in this Affair. (2'56) 

At a Meeting held at Brafferton on Thursday Sep 'J 14<*, 1775. 


The President, & Mr. Jones. 

Whereas Mr. James Innis, head-Usher of the Grammar school 
has much neglected his Duty for the last three months, by re- 
peatedly absenting himself from the College for days ft weeks 
together, without asking permission to be absent, behaving 
herein as if he had no superior in the Society to whom he 
thought himself accountable for his conduct; ft Whereas the 
said Mr. Innis is now absent without having obtained any leave 
to be absent, and it is not known when he designs to return; it 
is therefore the Opinion of the President and the Senior-Pro- 
fessor that the said Mr. Innis ought to be removed from the 
Office of head-Usher in the Grammar-school, and he is accord- 
ingly removed by the Authority of the President and the 
Senior Professor; there being at present no other Professor in 
the Collie, and but one more on this Side of the Atlantick. 

Digitized by 


136 William and Mary Quarterly. 

Whereas it has been determined by the Visitors & Governors 
of the College that no Anns or Ammunition shall be brought 
into the College, or kept there by the Students in the 


higher schools, or by the Scholars in the Grammar school: 
Ordered — ^that if any of the Students in the higher schools do 
presume to bring any Arms, or Ammunition into the College, 
or keep them there, that he be admonish^ for the two first 
Offences of this kind, and that for the 3^ he be removed from 
the Society: And while any scholar in the Grammar school 
ofifends in like manner, that there be no holy days except the 
stated ones granted to that school. 

Ordered — that if a Pane of Glass shall appear to be 
designedly broken within the limits of the Collie, or any 
writing or other defacement be found on the Walls of the Col- 
lege that no holy day excepted the stated ones be allowed to the 
Grammar school for one Month, unless the delinquent, or de- 
linquents shall be discovered, and in that case he, or they only 
who have been guilly, are to be punishM. 

Ordered — that on a Petition from the Children in the 
Grammar school for holy day, if the President, or any one of 
the Professors dissent (which he may do for reasons declar'd 
or secret as he chooseft) there be no holy day. 

Ordered — ^that if any Student in the upper schools, or a 
Boy in the Grammar school who has his Lodging & diet in the 
College, shall pass the Boundaries of the Collie into the Town, 
or elsewhere without leave first had and obtained from the per- 


son under whose immediate inspection he pursues his studies, 
he be punishM by the said Person in such manner as he shall 
find necessary to restrain his Pupils from such transgressions. 

Order'd — that the above Orders be read in the Grammar 
school by the Grammar Master for the time being, and in the 
other schools by the Professor, or acting Person to their re- 
spective Pupils assembled round them. 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Pbesidents and Masters, etc. 187 
November l:** 1775. 

At a meeting of the President & Professois of W™. & Marj 


The Eev -A & Hon :*>>« John Camm President, Mr. Jones, 
Mr. Dixon, & Mr. Bracken, Master of the Grammar-schooL 
Mr. Dixon finding a fray had happened on Monday Evening 

30 :^ October between Mess :^« Dade & Christian of the one Part, 
& Mr. Wilson the Gardener of the other, sent for the former, 
advised them to be quiet, and assured them, that the matter 
should be inquired into the next Day, & Justice done between 
the Parties. At this time Christian denied, that He or Dade 
had taken a certain Plank, of which they were accus'd of having 
done by Wilson. 

Oil the same Evening about eight o'clock Dade, with his face 
bloody, and Christian with him complained to the President 
against Wilson, and the President promised them, that they 
should have a hearing on both sides the Day following, with 
which they appeared to be satisfied for the present 

A little after twelve o^clock on the Day following, namdy 

31 :■* October, before a Meeting of the Masters was, or could be 
conveniently held, Dade & Christian with a Number of other 
6oys feU upon Wilson with Sticks & Clubs, and beat him 

The Masters met in the Evening of the same Day 31:"* of 
Oct^ & heard what the young Gentlemen & the Gardener had to 
say against each other. It appeared that a certain House 
belonging to the College had been several times stripped 
of Board &c. and other ravages of the same kind committed, 
which occasioned Wilson to watch for an Opportunity of detect- 
ing the Offenders; and that he did a little before eight o^clock 
in the Evening of the 30 :^ of October catch Dade & Christian 
in the Act of carrying of a Plank from the said House; — that 
they dropped the Plank on seeing Wilson ; — and that soon after 
he met, or came up with the same, (accused them of taking, or 

Digitized by 


138 William and Mart Quabtbblt. 

stealing the Plank. They denied it. He told them, "they lied.*' 
In the heat of their Altercation, Wilson had asserted that the 
Plank was taken from the Well. The Boys knowing that it did 

not come from thence, took advantage hereof; & Dade seized Wil- 
son by the Collar, or by the Coat a few Inches below the Collar to 
drag him to the Well, to convince him of his Error. Wilson under 
apprehension of what might follow from such a rude Assault, 
struck Dade with a Stick that he had in his hand once or twice, 
which occasion^ the blood to run down his face. 

All this the Boys acknowledged before the Masters, & also 
that they had taken the Plank; not indeed from the Well, but 
from the House above mention^. 

When Dade was asked by the President & Masters why after 
he had applied to them for redress in a proper Way, & it had been 
promised to him, he should chuse to take the Case b€tck again 
into his own management, and spirit up a Number of Boys to 
assist him in falling upon and beating of Wilson? His answer 
was, "That he was afraid the President would forget his Prom- 
ise.e* A second answer was, "That he had been told all that the 
Society could do against Wilson, was to turn him out of his 
Place, which would not be satisfaction to him,^' Dade. 

When he was put in mind that these two Answers were con- 
tradictory, and could not both be true; he was confounded, & 
muttered something about his having done wrong. 

The above particulars are what both Sides agreed in. But 
Wilson alledg'd that before he struck Dade, Dade had press'd 

him against the Pails, and threatened to pink him which the 
Boys denied. 

Taking the above Behavior of Mr. Dade and Mr. Christian 
into our serious Consideration, especially their refusing to sub- 
mit to the Judgment of the President & Masters even after they 
had appliM to them for Eedress, than which nothing can be more 
inconsistent with the Peace & good Order of the Society— con- 
sidering also the run of ill treatment which has of late been 
bestowed by the Boys upon the Servants of the CoU^ both 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Pbesidents and Mastebs, etc. 139 

Male & Female^ and the contemptaous conduct of them towards 
the Eresideat & Professors themselves; We, the President & 
Professors unanimously think it necessary for preserving Subor- 
dination in the College, that Mr. Dade be deprived of his Pounda- 
tionship, & that He and Mr. Christian be both whip*d in the 
Grammar school ; and in the case of their refusing to submit to 
so mild a Punishment, that they be both expelFd as unfit Mem- 
bers of a Society, instituted for the Purpose of educating youth. 

Whereas it appears to the President & Professors from the 
small Number of boys now in College, that une Usher is suiBB- 
cient: it is unanimously agreed that Mr. Yates, as that one 
Usher, shall receive a Salary of £75 Sterl : P. Ann : from last 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of the College, June 
25.«» 1776. 

Ordered — that the Bursar deliver the Bonds in possession 
of the Collie to the President, charging the President 
with them until he returns such as he cannot or thinks it 
not necessary to negotiate, with the amount of the rest in money. 

Whereas upon an Enquiry it appears to this meeting that Mr. 
Emmanuel Jones sen:^ Master has removed one Cask of Nails 
No. 5. the property of the President & Masters as a publick 
body out of their Storehouse in the Collie to his own Plantation 
in Gloster under the mistaken notion that any one of the Pro- 
fessors is at liberty to borrow out of this Storehouse what 
Goods or Chattels he pleases without consulting the Proprietors 
thereof; and whereas this Transaction seems to us to have had its 
Source more in the want of due consideration than evil Design, 
and since Mr. Jones intended to restore the Nails, but cannot 
now do it as they have been seisM for the use of the Country; it 
is therefore ordered that no farther notice be taken of this 
Affair provided that these Proceedings be immediately pub- 
lishM in the same Printer^s paper wherein Mr. Jones has en- 
deavoured to avail himself of a Custom whidi as far as we know 
or believe never existed, & has as we conceive unjustly as well 
as weakly attempted to make an Arraigment of the Conduct of 

Digitized by 


140 \ William and Maey Quartbely. 

his Brethren serve as an Apology for his own erroneous Prac- 

Agreed that the Society lend out to each person present 10 
Pds. Nails of such sort as he chuses, giving to the Steward a 
Rec* for the same specifying the Quality, provided that the new 
building be dropp'd for the present, & the College be not left 
without a sufficient quantity for ordinary uses, in which point 
we depend upon the Undertaker Mr. Saunders for Information. 

July 30:«» 1776. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W™. & Mary 

The Rev.^ Mr. Camm President, Mr. Jones, & Mr. Dixon. 
Agreed, — ^that Mr. John White be appointed Usher of the 


At a meeting of the President & Professors of W™. & Mary 


The Rev.^ John Camm President, Mr. Jones and Mr. 

Order'd — ^that if any of the Servants in College presume iX) 
behave amiss to the Housekeeper or the Students, an applica- 
tion be made to the President, one of the Professors, or Mr. 
Bracken, master of the Grammar School, who may direct such 
punishment, as he thinks the crime deserves. 

November 29^**. 1776. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W™. & Mary 

The Rev.<^ John (Camm) President, Mr. Jones, Mr. 
Dixon, & Mr. Madison. 

Digitized by 


Meetings of Prbsidbnts and Masters, etc. 141 

Agreed— that the President, Professors & Doct.' Cartar be 
paid off their respective Balances to this Date either by an 
assignment of such Bonds as are due to the College, or by 
Bonds drawn by the College; — ^that the said President & Pro- 
fessors be allowed 60 P. ct Elxch* : and that he, or they who take 
an assignment of a Bond or Bonds, if the Bond or Bonds ex- 
ceed the Demands on the College, shall pay tiie Balance in Cash, 
or give their Bond for it to the College. 


On a motion made by Mr. Madison, the three Professors at 
this meeting were of opinion that mentioning the Date from 13ie 
Birth of our Saviour was suflBcient in granting Surveyer's Com- 
missions, ft 

On a Motion made by Mr. President to determine whether we 
have a Bight by Charter to grant Commissions to new Counties 
at this time; it was carry^d in the AfSrmative. 

Ordered therefore that Commissions be made out imme- 

Whereas at a meeting of the President ft Masters of William 
ft Mary CoU^e the following Besolves have passed by a 
Majority of Voices: 

Yiz.^ On a Motion made by Mr. Madison, the three Profesoors 
at this meeting were of Opinion that mentioning the Date from 
the Birth of our Saviour was sufficient in granting Surveyer's 

On a Motion made by Mr. President to determine whether we 
have a Bight by Charter to grant Commissions to new Counties 
at this time, it was caxrfi in the Affirmative. Ordered tiiere- 
fore that Commissions be made out immediately. 

I think it incumbent upon me to enter this my Protest or 
Remonstrance against those Resolves, for the reasons following. 
Because I am bound by an Oath to perform my Duty as a 
Member of the College under the Charter of its foundation 
granted by King William ft Queen Mary of blessed memory. 
Because of the Right of the President ft Professors to hc^d the 
Office of Surveyor-General of the Colony if Virginia is derived 
from this Charter. And because ihe above Resolves are totally 

Digitized by 


142 William and Mary Quabtbbly. 

ino^Dfiistent with and subversive of the same Charter^ as in my 

Opinion will easily appear to any unprejudiced Person who 
shall have resource to the Charter; especially to Ninth & Six- 
teenth Sections thereof. Given under my Hand this twenty- 
ninth day of November in the year of our Lord 1776. 

John Gamm, Pr. 
A Copy. 

April 9*^ 1777. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W". & Mary 


The Bev.^ Mr. Camm President, Mr. Jones, Mr. Dixon, 
Mr. Madison & Mr. Bracken. 

Mr. Jones having resigned his place as Clerk of the Meeting 
& Librarian, & Mr. Bracken having been chos^i into his Boom, 
the Book of the Meeting, Blank leaves & the Key of tiie Library 
&c. were Delivered into the Hands of the latter. 

Mr. Madison desiring to resign his office of Bursar under Mr. 
Millar, his accounts for the time during which he has acted in 
that capacity were examined and found right By this exami- 
nation was found due from him to the College the sum of sixty 

pounds, nine shillings & five pence which was paid in by him 
to the Board. 

The question having been put on Mr. Madison's resignation 
whether the Society wou'd diuse a principal Bursar in the 
room of Mr. Millar, or only a Deputy in the room of Mr. 
Madison, it was carried for the latter. 

By a vote of the meeting Mr. William Peirce is appointed 
deputy Bursar on his giving proper Security. 

The President is desired to make an offer of the writing 
Master's place to Mr. Batewell, if it be not accepted of by him 
to put Mr. Tho«. Smith into that office. 

The Bursar is directed to sell such Tobacco Notes as are in his 
possession for the best Price he can get 
Jb he continued. 

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Vol. XV., No. 3. 

Jantiary, 1907 



MilUam an& flfiarv 

CoUeoe ©uatterlig 

Ibistottcal ♦ rftaoasine. 

EMtor : Xgon (5. U^lcr, at. B., X X, B,, 

prcflfdent of DQlillUm and Aar^ eo[le0e* 

TIDlilUam and /Bats College. Timunamsbutfl, Da. 

dopB Of tbfa flumbcr, Sl.oo. $3.00 per lj?ear. 

[Bntered aa seoond-claes matier at the Poat Office in WllUaraaburg.] 

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William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XVjf. JANUARY, 1807. No. ^. 


Observations in Severai. VorAOES and Travels in America, ... 1 
Oath of Allegiance Imposed by th£ Vibginli Legislature in 

1780, 17 

Election of Mb. Jeftebson as Governor, 19 

Kesidence of John Bakoolph, Speaker, to be Sold for Headt 

Money, 19 

Elegy on the Death of Lewis Bubwell, Esq., or Gloucester, 

Written in April, 1779, 20 

Proclamation of Patrick Henry, 21 

Journal of the President and Masters or Professors of Wil- 
liam AND Mary College, 22 

Westmoreland County Records, 33 

Chilton Family, 49 

Monroe Family, , 50 

Edwards Family, 53 

Christian Family, 60 

1>E Graffenrbidt Family, 59 

A Marriage Contract, 62 

Diary of Colonel Landon Carter, 63 

Historical and Genealogical Notes, 69 

Obituary of Edward Wilson James, , 72 

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XQSlilliam anb Abat^ CollcQC 

^uarterli? 1)i0torica[ flDagasine. 

VOL. XV^. JANUARY, 1907. No. /. 


(From The London Magazine, July, 1746.) 

Our kind Correspondent, who has favoured us from Time to 
Time with an ingenious young Gentleman's remarks in his late 
American Tour, has been so good as to send us the following for 
this Month ; which contain<s so many remarkable Incidents, and 
such judicious Obserrations, as we doubt not will be an agree- 
able Entertainment to our Readers, who are desired to connect 
it with the last account in our Mag. for May, p. 248. 

Now we survey the land that owes its name 

To Charles's bride 

And soon we change, for all that sailors dread, 
The apritely musick, and the sportful dance; 
Where jocund damsels, and their well-pleas'd mates. 
Pass the delicious moments, void of care. 
And only study how to laugh and love, 
Contented, happy, under Calvert's sway.* 

Eeliev'd from this distress, we pursuM our little Voyage of 
about 14 Miles, thro^ the several Creeks that convey you to 
Golden Quarters ; and we were near 24 Hours before we arrived 
there, occasioned by our frequent Interruptions, or running 
upon the Marshes, or Oyster-Banks, with which these Streams 

*See "Letter from a Son in a Distant Part of the World^" March 2, 
1743, in London Magazine, July 1744, p. 365. 

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are prodigiously replete. On every Side you might discern the 
Settlements of the Planters, with their industrious Clearings, 
surrounded by the native Woods of the Country; whilst the dis- 
tant Curlings of the aspiring Smoak, wantoning in the Breeze, 
direct your Eyes to the happy Places of their Eesidence, where 
they, generally bless'd with Innocence and Cheerfulness, a com- 
pliant comfort, and a numerous Bace at their Boards, enjoy Life 
much to be envy^d by Courts and Cities. We gather'd a Fruit; 
in our Route, called a Parsimon, of a very delicious Taste, not 
unlike a Medlar, tho^ somewhat larger: I take it to be a very 
cooling fruit, and the Settlers make use of prodigious Quantities 
to sweeten a Beer, which they brew of CafPena and divers Herbs, 
which is vastly wholesome. The CafPena is a Shrub, that has a 
small Leaf, somewhat sharpish, and is so admired, when hot 
Water is poured on it, that I imagine the importing of it to 
England is prohibited for fear injuring the Tea Trade. At our 
arrival at our Host^s, we were put to Bed, and for several Days 
attended with a Tenderness and ♦Humanity that soon restored our 
Healths, and our Limbs to their proper Function; when being 
furnished with Horses we addressed ourselves to our first Stage, 
which was about 20 Miles distant from Golden Quarter, called 
Snow-Hill. (Jolden Quarter is a kind of straggling Country 
Village, but the Inhabitants, of that place and Senepuxon, tho' 
the poorer than some of their Neighbours of Maryland, occa- 
sioned by the Poverty of their Soil, are a perfectly hospitable, 
sociable and honest Set of People, and abound in every Necessary 
of Life, and most of the Conveniencies. In short, they seem 
to repine only on three Accounts, as all this Side of the Colony 
does: The one is the Scarcity of strong liquors; another the ex- 
travagant Dues to their Clergy, whom they pay a pretty large 
Quantity of Tobacco yearly to, by Way of Tithe, for every Head 
in their Families; and the third, is their paying a larger Quit- 
rent, which I think they do in Sterling Money, than any of 
their Neighbours under the King's Governors. 

These things the poorer Sort feel pretty smartly. To be sure, 
the Clergy ought to be supported in every Country, independ- 
ently and decently; and certainly they are an Order of Men that 

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William and Maby College Quabterlt. 3 

are entirely necessary, whilst they behave soberly and uprightly, 
to the Wellbeing of Society, and seem no where more so than in 
these Countries; but as I take it, there is little Justice in a 
poor Land holder^s being obliged to give him as great an offering 
as his opulent Neighbour. But here, as in every other Part of 
the World, the Complaints are very much regulated by the 
Pastor's Behaviour; You seldom hear any Grumbling, when he is 
a kind, beneficient, humane, and regular Man, that feels for, and 
endeavours to supply, both the mental Distresses and Wants, as 
well as the bodily ones, of the Charge instrusted to him; who 
never, from a Vanity of Temper, a sour Enthusiasm, or a vain 
Ostentation of Learning, puzzles and distracts his Hearers, by 
leading them astray from the Paths or Meanings of Christianity, 
into the eternal Labyrinths and intricate Mazes of Speculation 
and Mystery; nor sets himself up for an infallible Judge of 
every Dispute, and the authoritive Decider of every Question; 
nor, to sum up the whole, daubs and dresses Eeligion (as the 
poet says) which is divinely pure, and simple from all Arts, 
like a common Mistress, the Object of his Fancy. The Bum they 
generally take from their Stores, if the New-England Sort, which 
has so confounded a Gout, and has so much of the Molasses 
Twang, that His really nauseous; and this held up to a very 
large Price. Sometimes, indeed, an European Vessel lands, to 
the Gentlemen in the Neighbourhood, a Cargo of another Sort; 
which, however, never diffuses itself to those beneath them: 
In other better settled Parts of Maryland, indeed, as about 
Annapolis, and elsewhere, you hear of no Complaints of this 
Sort, as every Thing is in the greatest Plenty imaginable: So 
that what I am speaking of relates principally to Worcester 
County and the Parts adjacent, where the Number of Merchants 
or Storekeepers is but small. You now and then meet with a 
Cup of Cyder, in the Season, here, tho^ of a thin fretting Kind. 
The Beer they brew is excellent, which they make in great Quan- 
tities, of Parsimons, &c., of Molasses ; for few of them are Come 
to malting their Com, of any Kind, at which I was much sur- 
prized; as even the Lidian Grain, as I have found experimentally, 
will produce an wholesome and generous Liquor. The meaner 


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sort you find little else but Water amongst, when their Cyder 
is spent. Mush (Made of Indian Com, or Bice, pounded) and 
Milk, or Molasses, Homine (Indian Meal, pounded or ground 
with the Husks, and fry'd. Great Homine has Meat or Fowl 
in it.). Wild Fowle, and Fish are their principal Diet, whilst the 
Water presented to you, by one of the bare-footed Family in a 
copious Calabash (The Shell of a Fruit so called. Some of 
them hold two Quarts.) with an inocent Strain of good Breed- 
ing and Heartiness the Cake baking upon the Hearth and the 
prodigious Cleanliness of every Thing around you must needs 
put you in mind of the Golden Age, the Times of antient Fru- 
gality and Purity. All over the Colony, an universal Hospitality 
reigns; full Tables and Open Doors, the kind Salute, the gen- 
erous Detention, speak somewhat like the old roast-Beef Ages of 
our Fore-Fathers, and would almost persuade one to think their 
Shades were wafted into these Eegions, to enjoy with greater 
Extent, the Reward of their Virtues (What is said here is most 
strictly true, for their Manner of Living is quite generous and 
open: Strangers are sought after with Greediness, as they pass 
the Country, to be invited. Their Breakfast Tables have gene- 
rally the cold Remains of the former Day, hashM or fricasseed ; 
Coffee, Tea, Chocolate, Venison-Pasty, Punch, and Beer, or 
Cyder, upon one Board; Their Dinner, good Beef, Veal, Mutton, 
Yenison, Turkies and Geese, wild and tame. Fowls, boiFd 
and roasted; and perhaps somewhat more, as Pies, Puddings, 
&c., for Desert: Suppers the same, with some small Addition, 
and a good hearty Cup to precede a Bed of Down: And this 
is the constant Life they lead, and to this Fare every Comer is 
welcome.). Prodigious Numbers of Planters are immensely rich, 
and I think one of them, at this Time, numbers upon his Lands 
near 1,000 Wretches, that tremble with submissive Awe at his 
Nod, besides white Servants: Their Pastures blessed with in- 
creasing Flocks, whilst their Yards and Closes boast Hundreds 
of tame Poultry, of every Kind, and their Husbandry is re- 
warded with Crops equal to all their Ambition or Desires. 

The Planters in Maryland have been so used to the Merchants, 
and so great a Property has been made of them in their Tobacco 

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Contracts, that a new Pace seems to be overspreading the Coun- 
try; and, like their more Northern Neighbours, they in great 
Numbers have turned themeelves to the raidng of Grain and 
live Stock, of which they now begin to send great Quantities 
to the West Indies. And ^tis the Blessing of this Country and 
Virginia, and fits it extremely for the Trade it carries on, that 
the Planters can deliver their Commodities at their own Back 
doors, as the whole Colony is interflowed by the most navigable 
Rivers in the. World. However, this good Property is attended 
with this ill Consequence, that being so well seated at home, 
tbey have no Ambition to fill a Metropolis, and associate to- 
gether; They require no Bourses (or Meetings about Trade); 
a Letter will bargain for them, and the general Bun of the 
Market determines the Price of the Commodity. For this Eea- 
eon, the Capitals and other Towns in these two Colonies, are 
very slightly peopled, and very badly situated, and remarkable 
for little else than the Eesidence of the Governors, and the Meet- 
ing of the three Estates, Governor, Council and Assembly. The 
principle Meetings of the Country are at their Court-Houj9e8, 
as they call them; which are their Courts of Justice, and where 
as much idle Wrangling is on Foot, often, as in any Court in 
Westminster-Hall. The Lawyers have an excellent Time here, 
and if a Man is a clever Fellow, that Way, ^tis sure Step to an 
Estate, Tis Neceseity that has driven the Practitioners of the 
Law hither, from Europe, and other Parts of America, and I 
remember few that had not made it very well worth their While. 
Thus Innocence and Truth, white-robM Innocence and heavenly 
Truth, can seldom find a Retreat to dwell in. Distracted with 
their Adversaries barefaced Attempts, ^tis in vain they seek the 
most distant Skies : Palevisag'd Guilt, and wild Fraud, still pur- 
sue their flow'ry Steps, determined to spare no Means to work 
their Unhappiness. Wherever you travel in Maryland (as also 
in Virginia and Carolina) your Ears are constantly astonished 
at the Number of Colonels, Majors, and Captains that you hear 
mentioned : In short, the whole Country seems at first to you a 
Eetreat of Heroes; but, alas! to behold the Mustere of their 
Militia, would induce a Man to nauseate a Sash and hold a 

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Sword, for ever in Derision. Diversity of Weapons and Dresses, 
Unsizeableness of the Men, and Want of the least Grain of Disci- 
pline in their OflBcers or them, make the whole Scene little better 
than Dryden has expressed it — 

And raw in fields the rude militia swarms; 
Mouths without hands, maintained at vast expence, 
In peace a charge, in war a weak defence: 
Stout, once a year, they march a bluBt'ring band, 
And ever, but in times of need, at hand; 
Of seeming arms, they make a short essay, 
Then hasten to get drunk, the business of the day. 

Indeed, now, I fancy the Carthagening Eegiment, by returning 
some of its Veterans, will give better Face to these Matters. 

Holding Land by Tenure of defending it eeems to be as antient 
as Time itself; and certainly nothing can endanger a Country 
more, than an Army of Mercenaries, who perhaps are quite un- 
concerned in the publick Property, and have nothing to fight for 
but their Pay. How necessary then is it, that the Militia in these 
Colonies should be well disciplined; since they have no regular 
Troops allowed them, and cannot well maintain a considerable 
Body long themselves. Even at this Time they are alarm'd 
with an Indian Excersion, and Numbers are marched towards the 
Back of the Province to defend the Out-Settlements. Their 
Government is much respected by them, and one may, on the 
whole, say, they are an happy People. The Negroes live as 
easily as in any other part of America, and at set Times have a 
pretty deal of Liberty in their Quarter. (A Negro Quarter is a 
Number of Huts or Hovels, built at some Distance from the 
Mansion-House; where the Negroes reside with their Wives and 
Families, and cultivate, at vacant Times, the little Spots allow'd 
them. They are, indeed, true Pictures of Slavery, which begets 
Indolence and Nastiness), as they are called. The Argument of 
the Beasonableness and Legality, according to Nature, of the 
Slave-Trade, has been so well handled on the Negative Side of 
the Question, that there remains little for an Author to say on 
that Head; and that Captives taken in War, are the Property 

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William and Mary College Quaktbbly. 7 

of the Captor, as to Life and Person, as was the Custom amongst 
the Spartens; who, like the Americans, perpetuated a Eace of 
Slaves, by marrying them to one another, I think has been fully 
disprovM; But, allowing some Justice in, or at least, a great deal 
of Necessity for making Slaves of this sable Part of the Species; 
surely, I think, Christianity, Gratitude, or, at least, good Policy, 
is concerned in ueing them well, and in abridging them, instead 
of giving them Encouragement of several brutal and scandalous 
Customs, that are too much practised : Such is the giving them a 
Number of Wives, or, in short, setting them up for Stallions to a 
whole Neighbourhood; when it has been provM, I think, unexcep- 
tionably, that Polygamy rather destroys than multiplies the 
Species; of which we have also living Proofs imder the Western 
Tyrants, and amongst the Natives of America; eo that it can in 
no Manner answer the End; and were these Masters to calculate, 
the/d find a regular Procreation would make them greater 

A sad consequence of this Practice is, that their Children's 
Morals are debauchM by the Frequency of such sights, as only 
fit them to become the Masters of Slaves. This is one bad 
custom among many others; but as to their general Usage of 
them, 'tis monstrous and shocking. 'Tis really shocking to be 
present at a Mart of this Sort; where the Buyers handle them 
as the Butchers do Beasts in Smithfield, to see if they are proof 
in Cod, Plank and Shoulders. And the Women, who have 
Plantations, I have seen mighty busy in examining the Limbs, 
Size, and Abilities of their intended Purchases. I do not speak 
this of Maryland; for I never saw a lady at market there, but 
have elsewhere in America. To be sure a new Negro (a Negro 
purchased from the Guinea-man), if he must be broke, either 
from Obstinacy, or, which I am more apt to suppose, from 
Greatness of Soul, will require more hard Discipline than a 
young Spaniel : you would really be surpriz'd at their Persever- 
ance; let an hundred Men shew them how to hoe, or drive a 
Wheelbarrow, he'll still take the one by the Bottom, and the 
other by the Wheel; and they often die before they can be con- 
quer'd. They are, no Doubt very great Thieves, but this may 

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8 William and Mary College Quabterly. 

flow from their unhappy, indigent Circumstances, and not from 
a natural Bent; and when they have robb'd, you may lash them 
Hours before they will confess the Fact ; however, were they not 
to look upon every white Man as their Tormentor ; were a slight 
Fault to be pardonM now and then; were their Masters, and 
those adamantine-hearted Overseers, to exercise a little more 
Persuasion, Complacency, Tendemese and Humanity towards 
them, it might, perhaps, improve their Tempers to a greater 
Degree of Tractability. Such Masters, and such Overseers. 
Maryland may with Justice boast; and Mr. Bull, the late Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Carolina, is an Instance, amongst many, of 
the same, in that Province : But, on the contrary, I remember an 
Instance of a late Sea OjEcer, then resident in a neighbouring 
Colony, that for a mere peccadillo, ordered his Slave to be ty'd 
up, and for a whole Hour diverted himself with the mournful 
Groans ; struck at the mournful Sound, with a Friend, I hasted 
to the Noise, where the Brute was beginning a new Scene of 
Barbarity and belaboured the Creature so long with a large Cane 
his Overseer being tir^d with the Cowskin (A Cowskin is so 
called, from being a large Thong from the Hide of that Animal, 
twisted into the Shape of a Swish Horse- Whip, and as hard as a 
BuIFs Pizzle. The common method is to tie them up by the 
Hands to the Branch of a Tree, so that their Toes can barely 
touch the Ground; but in the West Indies, they are so habituated 
to ill Usage, and their Spirits so sunk, that the Overseer need 
only bid them cast up their Arms over their Heads, which the 
poor Creatures readily do, and then the Torturer taking a Run 
to him, lashes him; and this Discipline is repeated sometimes 
forty Times; Hardly a Negro but bears the Marks of Punish- 
ment in large Scars on his Back and Sides.), that he remained 
without sense and Motion. Happily he recovered, but, alas! re- 
mainM a Spectacle of Horror to his Death; his Master deoeasM 
soon after, and, perhaps, may meet him, where the Wicked cease 
from troubling, and the Weary be at rest: Where, as our 
Immortal Pope sings — 

No friends torment, no Christians thirst for gold. 

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William and Mary College Quarterly. 9 

Another, upon the same Spot, when a Girl had been lash'd till 
she confessed a Bobbery, in mere Wantonness continued the Per- 
secution, repeating every now and then these Christianlike and 
sensible Expressions in the Ragings of his Fury, " G — d d — ^nin 
you, when you go to Hell, I wish Q — d would d — mn me, that I 
might follow you with the Cowekin there/^ 

Slavery, thou worst and greatest of Evils! sometimes thou 
appearest to my affrighted Imagination, sweating in the Mines 
of Potosi, and whipping the hard-bound Tears from thy ex- 
hausted Eyes; sometimes I view thy sable Livery under the 
Torture of the Whip, inflicted by the Hands, the remorseless 
Hands of an American Planter : At other Times, I view thee in 
the Semblance of a Wretch trod upon by ermin'd or turban'd 
Tyrants, and with poignant, heartbreaking Sighs, dragging after 
thee a toilsome Length of Chain, or bearing African Burdens. 
Anon I am somewhat comforted, to see the attempt to smile 
under the Grand Monarque; but, on the other Side of the Alpes, 
thou again resum^est Thy Tears, and what, and how great are 
thy Iberian Miseries ! In Britain, and Britain only, thy Name 
is not heard; thou hast assum'd a new Form, and the heaviest 
Labours are lightsome under those mild Skies ! 

Oh, Liberty, do thou inspire our breasts! 
And make our lives, in thy possession happy; 
Or our deaths glorious, in thy just defence. — Addison. 

The Convicts that are transported here, sometimes prove very 
worthy Creatures, and entirely forsake their former Follies; but 
the Trade has for some Time run in another Channel; and so 
many Volunteer Servants come over, especially Irish that the 
other is a Commodity pretty much blown upon. Several of the 
best Planters, or their Ancesters, have, in the two Colonies, been 
originally of the Convict Cl-ass, and therefore, are much to be 
praisM and esteem^ for forsaking their old Courses: And 
Heaven, itself, we are told, rejoices more over one Sinner that 
repenteth, than over ninety and nine that never went astray. 
They tell many stories of some of these People in these Colonies, 
one of which I commit to Writing, as I had it from the very 
Person himself, who is the chief in the Story : 


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Above 60 Years ago, Capt. , Master of y walking 

thro' LincK)lii's-Iim-PieWs, beheld a very pretty Child, about six 
Years of Age, bewailing himself for the Loss of his Father, 
whom he had some how or other strayed from : He sooth'd the 
Child, persuaded him to dry his Tears, and told him he had 
Orders from his Father, who was just set out for the Country, 
to bring him to him. The innocent Victim, without thought of 
Harm, foUow'd his Deliverer as he thought him who oarry'd 
him to the Stage Coach to Bristol, and there immediately put 
him on board the Vessel which sail'd a Fortnight after for this 
Part of the World. Still fed up with Hopes of seeing his Father, 
and that he was going but a small Trip by Water, where he 
was, and indulged by the Captain in all he desired the Time 
slipt away, till the Brute made appear, by the vilest Actions, his 
accurs'd Design: The Lad suffered much, but his Innocence 
rendered him incapable to judge of the Propriety of such Actions, 
and he was acquiescent. When he arrivM at the End of his 
Voyage, being very ill he sold him to a Planter for 14 Years, for 
12 Guineas. The Planter, a Man of great Humanity, taking a 
fancy to the Child heard his simple Tale and perceived the 
Villany, but not till the Vessel had saiFd. He enquired hie Name 
and just so much as he could tell him, and sent over to advertise 
him in the publick Papers ; for before this Design could be com- 
pleated, near two Years elaps'd, from his first being kidnapp'd, 
when, probably his Father and Mother were both dead, and, 
perhaps, the Cause of their Death, this Accident. In short, his 
Master lik'd the Youth more and more, who was sober and dili- 
gent, and marry'd him to an only Daughter, leaving him at his 
Decease his whole Substance. Thirty Years elaps'd, and tho' 
under great Pain for his Ignorance of his Parents, yet happy in 
his Family and Affairs, he liv^d with great Content ; when a Ship 
with Convicts coming in, he went to purchase some Servants, and 
the Idea of his barbarous Captain was so impress'd in his Mind, 
that he knew him at first Sight, and bought him eagerly; it 
appearing afterwards, a notorious Crime had brought him into 
those Circumstances, and entirely ruin'd him. As 60on as he 
brought him home, he carry'd him into a private Room, and 

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William and Mart College Quabtbsly. 11 

lock'd himself in with him; but what Words could express the 
Wretch's Confusion and Astonishment, when he understood 
whose Hands he had fallen into I for he had no notion before 
of the Gentlemen's being the same, that, when a Lad, he had^ 
us'd so vilely. Struck with Eemorse, and Fear of Puniehment, he 
fell on his Knees and begg'd Forgiveness. Twas in vain, he was 
interrogated about his Master's Parents; he knew as little of 
them a6 himself ; the Master inrag'd order'd him to be lock'd into 
an upper Boom, resolving to keep him to the hard Service he 
deserv'd the Eemainder of his Life; but the next Morning he 
was found siabb'd to the Heart, with a Knife that had been un- 
cautiously left in the Eoom; and so despairingly finished a 
wretched Life. The Gentleman is now near 70, end very hearty 
and well. 

And now let me address me to my Journey, which lay in 
a very pleasant Road, thro' the Woods, that every now and then 
presented you with an opening Plantation : We met an Indian 
Man and Woman upon this Eoad, who came from a Town of 
Whigwhams, near Snow Hill, where they inhabit, in great Peace, 
with their Neighbours. We pass'd several Braiiches (A Branch 
is a Stream running across the Boad, from some neighbouring 
Creek or Biver), and Savannahs, and the Boad all the Way is 
pretty much upon the Level, and Marshy; the Soil of the upper 
Grounds a loose reddish Sand or Earth. At our Arrival at 
Snow Hill, I took up Quarters at an Ordinary (or Tavern. 
Eating-Houfie, or Inn), and found them very good. The Paieon 
of the Parish, who has the only Brick-House in Town, was a good 
conversible Man, as was also the Preebyterian Minister, a Scotch- 
man, of which Nation great Numbers are settled hereabouts. The 
Church and all the Houses are built of Wood, but some of them 
have Brick Stacks of Chimneys : Some have their foundations in 
the Ground, others are built on Puncheons or Logs, a Foot or 
two from the Earth, which ie more airy, and a Defence against 
the Vermin. The Women here are very pretty, and the Men for 
the generality, obliging enough. The Town is very irregular, 
and has much the Aspect of a Country Fair, the Generality of 
the Houses differing very little from Boots. We staid here only 


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12 William and Maby Oollegb Quaetbbly. 

one Day, and next set forward with hired Horses, not being 
able to buy any in the Town. The Hire was e Shilling Sterling 
per Day for each Horee, and a Shilling per Day for a Guide. 
They are good, serviceable little Creatures (And live most pro- 
digiously hard. At Night, you need only tether them out, and 
they pick Subsistence enough in their Station: I have known 
them go six Days Journey without a feed of Com ; having noth- 
ing but the Stalks of Indian Wheat and such other Litter as they 
could pick up.), and travel at a great Rate: The next Night we 
got to the Line that divides Maryland from Virginia, being 
about 30 Miles, thro* a Road whose delightful Scenes constantly 
refresh^ the Senses with new and beautiou« Objects. And here 
I can't help quoting Mr. Lewis, when speaking of another Road 
in this Colony, he says : 

But now the enclosed plantation I forsake, 
And onwards thro' the woods my journey take; 
The level road the longsome way beguiles, 
A blooming wilderness around me smiles; 
Here hardy oak, there fragrant hick'ry grows, 
(Their bursting buds the tender leaves disclose; 
The tender leaves in downy robes appear, 
Trembling they seem to move with cautious fear, 
Yet new to life, and strangers to the air.) 

(We suppose the Author suppressed these Lines, in the same 
Description, because the Season of the Year was different when 
he was there. The whole Poem is in our Magazine for April, 
1733, p. 204-207. It was first published in a Paper calFd the 
Weekly Register, since, deceased.) 

Here stately pines unite their whisp'ring heads. 
And with a solemn gloom embrown the shades. 
See their a green savanna opens wide. 
Thro' which smooth streams in wanton mazes glide; 
Thick branching shrubs o'erhanging the silver streams, 
Which scarcely deign t' admit the solar beams. 

And, indeed, I can't help, every now and then, taking him out 
of my Pocket in this Country; for his descriptive Part is just 

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William and Mary College Quabtbbly. 13 

and fine, and such a Warmth of Sentiment, such a delicate Vein 
of Poetry, such an unaffected Piety runs thro' the Whole, that I 
esteem it one of the best Pieces extant. This, with my <fther 
dearer Treasure (Letter to a Son, eign'd Sophroniue, in your 
Mag. for July, 1744, p. 343, Anonymous.), end my Euclid, gen- 
erally relieves me from a too great Sameness of Prospect, or 
Frequency of the same Objects. 

Here, having bought several Bottles of Wine for the Purpose, 
we drank Success to Britain, his Majesty's Health, and that of 
the Eight Honourable Proprietor, whose great and good Qualities 
have endear'd him much to the People of the Ck)lony. 

There certainly can't be a greater Grievance to a Traveller, 
from one Colony to another, than the different Values their 
Paper Money bears ; for if he is not studious to get rid of the 
Money of one Place before he arrives at another, he is sure to be 
a considerable Loser. The New England Money, for Instance, 
which is excessively bad, and where, to pay a Six-pence or Three- 
pence, they tear a Shilling Bill to pieces, is much beneath the 
New York Money in Value, and will hardly be got ofE there 
without some Person is going into the first nam'd Province. 
New- York and Pensilvania often diflfer about the Dignity of 
their Bills, and they fall and rise in the different Circulations 
they take. The Maryland Money is generally pretty ^ood, but 
of a low Value, and this, again, is not taken on the Western 
Shore of the Chesapeak, where only Gold and Silver is current : 
North Carolina is still lower than Maryland, and South Carolina 
worst of all; for their Money there is so low as seven for one 
Sterling, so that it makes a prodigious Sound; and not only 
so, but even Private Traders, there coin Money, if I may use the 
Expression, and give out small printed, or written circulating 
notes, from Six-pence to a Pound, and upwards; in which they 
are, no Doubt, considerable Gainers, not only by the Currency 
of so much ready Money, without much Expence in making it, 
but also by Loss, wearing out, or other Accidents. In Georgia, 
again, this Money never passes, for all their Bills are Sterling 
Value, and will pass all over America as well as Bank Notes. 
There are, I find, some coneideral Gains and Stockjobbing in 

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yS 14 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

America, by the issuing out and calling in, their new and old 
Bills, which I shall not think proper to touch upon. 

There are very considerable Numbers of Eoman Catholics in 
Maryland, particularly about the Borders of Peneilvania; but 
the Bulk of the Colony is of the Episcopal Persuasion, with a 
grand Mixture of divers other Sects. The Women are very 
handsome in general, and most notable Housewives; every Thing 
wears the Marks of Cleanliness and Industry in their Houses; 
and their Behaviour to their Husbands and Families is very 
edifying. You can^t help observing, however, an Air of Eeserve, 
and somewhat that looks at first, to a Stranger, like XJneociable- 
ness, which is barely the Effect of living at a great Distance from 
frequent Society, and their thorough Attention to the Duties of 
their Stations. Their Amusements are quite innocent, and 
within the Circle of a Plantation or two, they exercise all the 
Virtues that can raise one's Opinion of the too light Sex. I 
would premise here, that I am not writing any Thing yet of the 
more refinM Part of the Colony, but what I say now is confined 
a Tract of about 200 Miles ; for in some other Parts you'll find 
many Coquettes and Prudes, as well as in other Places; nor, per- 
haps, may the Lap-Dog or Monkey be forgotten. Hail, delightful 
Sex ! would you divest yourselves of but some few Foibles; would 
you attend somewhat to the Knowledge of yourselves, and turn 
your Eyes inwards; had not the rolling Chariot, the shining 
King, the Indian Exoticks, the Frenchify'd Affection, the gay 
Coxcomb, more Charms than Kjiowledge, Decency, Prudence, 
Discretion and Merit, how happy would you be I But to roll on 
a continued Bound of senseless Impertinence, will never, never, 
raise you to the Character or Situation of these American Wives. 
My God ! what a different View has the Eepresentation ! the one 
a Piece where every Figure on the Canvas glows with native 
Ease, Grace and Proportion; no artful Heightnings, no absurd 
Conceit, has debas'd the great Designer, Nature: On the con- 
trary, turn your Eyes this Way ; what Figures are these? From 
what distant Clime are they imported? From the Eegion of 
Sickly Whim, and the Designer sure, like Kabelais, was resolv'd 
to paint from Beings that were too odd to exist any where else : 

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William and Mary College Quarterly. 15 

What a Load of Ornaments, and a Glare of Colours, that quite 
hurt the Eye in looking on the Piece! nor is there one truly 
smiling Stroke, one Grace, nor one Beauty in the whole Delin- 
eation — 

What's female beauty, but an air deyine, 

Thro' which the soul's unfading lustres skine! 

She, like a sun, irradiates all between; 

The body charms, because the mind is seen. — Incert. Auct, 

I should busy myself more in the descriptive Part of my 
Journal whilst in this Colony, did I not reserve myself till my 
Arrival in Virginia; for there ia such a Connection between the 
Trade and Nature of the Soil, and the Commodities they raise 
and export, that one general Account will serve for both : Nor 
do the two Countriee appear much of a different Form; for in 
the UplandB of Maryland, they are as mountainous, and abound 
in Valleys as much as they do in Virginia. For this Keason 
I waive those Matters till I arrive there, and insieit eo much 
on the Manners and Tempers of the Inhabitants and the GeniuB 
of this Country. 

They have some considerable Seminaries of Learning in the 
two Colonies; but Williamsburgh College in Virginia is the 
Eesort of all the Children, whose Parents can afford it; and 
there they live in an academical Manner; and, really, the Masters 
were Men of great Elnowledge and Discretion at this Time; 
tho' it can't yet vie with those excellent Universities, for I must 
call them so, of the Massachusetts ; for the Youth of these more 
indulgent Settlements, partlike pretty much of the Petit Maitre 
Kind, and are pampered much more in Softness and Ease than 
their Neighbours more Northward. Those that can't afford to 
send their Children to better Schools send them to the Country 
School-Masters, who are generally Servants, who, after Serving 
their Terms out, set up for themselves, and pick up a Livelyhood 
by that, and writing Letters, and keeping Books for their illite- 
rate Neighbours. Often a clever Servant or Convict, that can 
write and read tolerably, and is of no handicraft Business, is 
indented to some Planter, who has a Number of Children, as 


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<jA 16 William and Maky College Quartebly. 

a School-Master, and then to be eure he is a tip-top Man in his 
Parts, and the Servant is usM more indulgently than the gen- 
erality of them. 

As I said before, the young Fellows are not much burdened 
with Study, nor are their Manners vastly polite: But the old 
Gentlemen are generally a most agreeable Set of Companions, 
and possess a pretty deal of improving Knowledge ; nay, I know 
some of the better sort, whose Share of Learning and Beading, 
would really surprize you, considering their Educations; but 
this, to be sure, must be after Improvement. One Thing they 
are very faulty in, with regard to their Children, which is, that 
when young, they suffer them too much to prowl amongst the 
young Negroes, which insensibly causes them to imbibe their 
Manners and broken Speech. The Girls under such good 
Mothers, generally have twice the Sense and Discretion of the 
Boys; their Dress is neat and clean, and not much bordering 
upon the rediculous Humour of their Mother Country, where 
the Daughters seem dressed up for a Market. 

^Tis an odd Sight, that except some of the very elevated Sort, 
few Persons wear Perukes, so that you would imagine they were 
all sick, or going to bed: Common People wear Woollen and 
Yam Caps; but the better ones wear white Holland or Cotton: 
Thus they travel fifty Miles from Home. It may be cooler, for 
ought I know ; but, methinks, 'tis very ridiculous. 

They are all great Horsemen, and have so much Value for 
the Saddle, that rather than walk to Church five Miles, they'll 
go eight to catch their Horses, and ride there ; so that you would 
think their Churches look'd like the Out-Skirts of a Country 
Horse Fair; but then, as som^ Excuse, it may be said, that their 
Churches are often very distant from their Habitations. 

An universal Mirth and Glee reigns in Maryland, among^ 
all Banks of People, and at set Times nothing but Jollity and 
Feasting goes forward : Musick and Dancing are the everlasting 
Delights of the Lads and Lasses, and some very odd Customs they 
have at these Merry-makings: You would think all Care was 
then thrown aside, and that every Misfortune was buried in 
Oblivion. In short, my Spirits have been some times raised, so 

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William and Mary Collboe Quabtbbly. 17 /^ . 

much, that I have almost forgotten I was of another Clime, and 
have wiflh'd myeelf for ever amongst them. 

Adieu ! happy People, For the Favours I have reaped at your 
Hands, Gratitude shall ever fill my Breast; I leave you but to 
return again (The Author was again in Maryland for some Time, 
and many of the detachM Observations were made then, though 
he choae to interweave them with this short Tour) ; once more to 
partake of your Halcyon Feasts, and hearty jovial Mirth. 

For now, with glad'ned eyes, we view the bounds 
Of that fam'd colony, from whence the weed, 
The salutiferous plant, that sends the breast 
From noxious vapours of th' inclement morn. 
Provocative to solid, studious tho't. 
Derives its birth and use; the land chat erst 
Employed the labours of our virgin queen. 
And still is sacred to Eliza's fame. 

(To be eantinued same oth&r Ume.) 



In the House of Delegates, July 6, 1780 — A resolution to oblige 

the Members of the General Assembly to give unequivocal 

proofs of their attachment to the cause of America: 

Whereas, it is necessary, in the present great crisis, to make 

the most powerful efforts for resisting the eflScacy, the destructive 

*I do not find this resolution included in Hening, Statutes at 
Large, but it was published in the Virgi^na Chaette. How the people 
of that day would have been astonished at the novel doctrine set out by 
Lincoln in his special message July 4, 1861, and popular, indeed, since 
the war throughout the North. When he argues that the 
States were not sovereign because they never existed out of Union 
the answer is that he should first show that there is something 
in the nature of union which is contradictory to separate State 
nationality. No international law writer, to my knowledge, has ever 
asserted that sovereign States may not unite and present one national 
front to the world, without any of them loosing that character of sov- 
ereignty as defined by Lincoln — ^''a political community without a 
political superior." In such a case the national government is a mere 
creature of the States, and all its acts are done in their names as the 
political superiors. 

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^'^ 18 William and Mary Collegb Quarterly. 

designs of tlie oommon enemy^ and such indispensable efforts 
may be impeded and interrupted^ if the follest confidence in the 
attachment of thoee^ who conetitute the Legislatare^ does not 

Resolved, Nemine contradicente, That every member of the 
General Assembly shall give an unequivocal proof of his uniform 
and steady determination to support and maintain the cause of 
America, and the independence of his country, by taking the 
following oath or afl&rmation — ^to wit: '^I, A. B., do solemnly 
€md sincerely declare and swear or affirm that the State of 
Virginia is, and of right ought to be, a free, sovereign, and 
independent State; and I do forever renounce and refuse all 
allegiance, subjection, and obedience to the King or crown of 
Great Britain; And I do farther swear (or solemnly, sincerely, 
and truly declare and affirm) that I never have, since the Decla- 
ration of Independence, directly or indirectly aided, assisted, 
abetted or in any wise countenanced the King of Great Britain, 
his Generals, fleets, or armies, or their adherents, in their claims, 
upon these United States: And that I have ever since the Decla- 
ration of the Independence thereof, demeaned myeelf as a faith- 
ful citizen and subject of this, or some one of the United States : 
And that I will at all times maintain and support the freedom, 
sovereignty, and independence thereof* ; which oath shall be ad- 
ministered by the Speaker of either house to the members of 
each, on the day after this resolution shall have passed ; and in 
the presence of the respective houses assembled, each of the said 
Speakers having previously taken the said oath before the Gov- 
emour. And such members its may not be in town to take the 
oath in maimer before directed, shall take the same in the court 
of his county, at the neirt court to be held, after this resolve shall 
reach such members, and produce a certificate thereof from the 
clerk of the court, to the meeting of the Greneral Assembly. 

John Beoklby, C. H. D. 

Agreed to by the Senate. 
William Drew, C. 8. 

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William and Maby College Quabtbrly. 19 

(In the House of Delegates, Tuesday June 1, 1779.) 

Ordered, That a oommittee be appointed to notify Mr. Jeflfer- 
eon, his appointment to be Governour or Chief Magistrate of 
this Commonwealth and that Mr. Harvie, Mr. Maoon, and Mr. 
Baker^ be of the said oommittee. 

Mr. Harvie, from the committee appointed in conjunction 
with a committee of the Senate, to notify to Thomas Jefferson, 
Esq., his appointment to be Qovemour of this Commonwealth, 
reported that the committee had, according to order, waited on 
that gentleman, and notified his appointment, and that he was 
pleased to return the following answer : 

Gentlemen, — The honour which the General Assembly have 
been pleased to confer on me, by calling me to the high oflBce of 
Governor of this Commonwealth, demands my most grateful 
acknowledgment, which I desire through you gentlemen, to ten- 
der to them with the utmost respect In a virtuous and free 
State, no rewards can be so pleasing to sensible minds, as those 
which include the approbation of our fellow-citizens. My great 
pain is, leet my poor endeavours should fall short of the kind 
expectations of my country; so far as impartiality, assiduous 
attention, and sincere affection to the great American cause, 
shall enable me to fulfil the duties of any appointment, so far I 
may, with confidence undertake; for all beyond, I must rely 
on the wise counsels of the General Assembly, and of those whom 
they have appointed for my aid in those duties. To you, gentle- 
men, I return my particular thanks, for the polite terms in 
which you have been pleased to notify the will of the General 


That beautiful Seat on Mattapony River, where the late 
Speaker Robinson lived ; there are 1,381 Acres of high Land and 

* From the Virginia Qazeiie. 

* From the Virginia Gazette for 1779. 

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20 William and Maby College Quabterly. 

600 Acres of Marsh, equal to any in the Country, and may be 
reclaimed at a moderate Expense; besides the Marah there are 
about 20 Acres of Swamp, which may easily be converted into a 
valuable Meadow; on the above Tract there is a Mill, which is 
rather out of repair at present, but may be made without much 
Expense as valuable as Mills generally are. The Plantation 
is imder good Fences, and in proper Order for Cropping, with 
a young Orchard of choice Fruit, the Dwelling-House is of 
Brick, as convenient and well built as any in the State, two 
Stories high, with 4 large Eooms end a Passage on each Floor, 
and good Cellars under the Whole, a very convenient Brick 
Kitchen, Servants' Hall, and Wash-Houee, the Stables, Coach 
House, Granary, &c., are large and in good Bepair, and a Garden 
walled in with Brick. No Situation can exceed this in Beauty, 
and few in Conveniences. Any person inclinable to purchase 
will be shewn the Land and Houses by applying to Mr. Street, 
who lives on the Spot, ajid the Tenns of Sale made known by 
applying to Burwell Bassett, Esq.; in New Kent, Mr. James 
Hill, near Williamsburg, or to the Subscriber at Mr. Demon's, 
near Alexandria. John Parke Custis. 


Why, thus, with boding sadness swells my breast. 
Why, thus, unbidden bursts the frequent sigh? 

What gloomy vision haunt my troubled rest, 
Portending ills and dire misfortime nigh ! 

Does Heaven thus warn me of Columbians fall, 
And from her cause withdraw its hallow'd shield? 

Deaf are her sons to freedom's sacred call ? 

* From the Virginia Guesette. Lewis Burwell above wa» son of 
Lewis Burwell, President of the Virginia Council, who died in 1762. He 
was brother of Jefferson's ''Belinda"; member of the State Convention 
of May, 1776. 

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William and Maby Collbgb Quabtbbly. 21 

Or bleede great Washington upon the field. 
Such ills as these^ propitious heaven avert ! 

Still shall its guardian power Columbia shield : 
Fair freedom's cause her sons shall ne'er desert^ 

Her Hero still shall triumph on the field. 
Yet conscious fate foretell some sad event. 

And thus with sympathy informs my mind. 
E'en now the fatal shafts of death are spent, 

And, to his power, some valued friend's resign'd. 
Behold the ghastly Monarch aim the dart; 

See from his hand the bearded javelin sped: 
What sudden anguish now pervades my heart. 

For Burwell's number'd with the virtuous dead ! 
Serene he met the ruthless tyrant's frown. 

And look'd exulting to that blest abode. 
Where virtue finds an everlasting crown; 

"The bosom of his father and his God." 
Tho' lost to splendour and unknown to fame, 

To deck his urn no future laurels rise; 
Yet friendship by her tribute shall proclaim. 

How the true Hero and the Christian dies. 


By His Excellency Patrick Henry, Governor or Chief Magistrata 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

A proclamation. 

Whereas I have received certain intelligence that General 
Gates, after repeated advantages gained over General Burgoyne, 
compelled him on the 14th day of this month to surrender him- 
self and the whole army prisoners of war : NOW, to the end that 
we may not, through a vain and presumptuous confidence in our 
own strength, be led away to forget the hand of Heaven, whose 
assistance we have so often in times of distress implored, and 
which, as frequently before, so more especially now, we have 

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experienced in this signal success of the anns of the United 
States, whereby the divine sanction of the righteousness of our 
cause is most illustriously displayed, I have thought proper, by 
and with the advice of the Council of State, to appoint Thursday 
the thirteenth day of the next month to be observed, in all 
churches and congregations of Christians throughout the State, 
as a day of general and solemn thanksgiving; and it is most 
earnestly recommended to the several ministers and teachers of 
the Gospel, and they are hereby enjoined to embrace this oppor- 
tunily of impressing on the minds of their hearers those senti- 
ments of pious joy which the glorious occasion so aptly calls for. 

Given under my hand at the Council Chamber, in the dty of 
Williamsburg, this Slst day of October, in the second year of the 
Commonwealth, Annoque Domini 1777. 

God save the United States. P. Henry. 


(Continued from 143.) 

May 10, 1777. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°^ & Mary 


The Rev* M' Camm, P^; M^ Madi^n & M^ Bracken. 

Resolved, unanimously, that M* John Stuert be appointed 
a scholar on the Nottoway Foundation in the room of M*" W™ 

Resolved, unanimously, that no recommendations be made to 
the Visitors for the Foundations given by the Hon**'' the Assem- 
bly, & supported by a Duty on Liquors, as the College at present 
derives no emolument from that Appointment. (268) 

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William and Mabt College Quabtbbly. 23 

Oct. 23, 1777. 

At a Meeting of the President & Maetere of W" & Mary 

Present : 
The Eev* M' Madison P' & M^ Bracken. 

Besolved, that the Beoonimendation from the Visitors & Gov- 
ernors of the College, to cause to be sold on or before the tenth 
day of Dec' next all the Negroes, stock & Utensils belonging to 
the Nottoway Quarter be complied with, & that the sale be ad- 
vertised three successive weeks in the Public newspapers. 

Besolved, that M' John Carter be appointed Bursar in the 
Boom of Bob* Millar, on his giving Bond & sufficient Security; 
and that his Salary commence from the Time that he took 
charge of the Books. 
(269) Dec. 9, 1777. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary 

The Bev* M' Madison P' & M' Bracken. 

Agreed that M' Tho» Hall be appointed Sub Usher, & that 
his salary commence from the fifth Ii^tent. 

Agreed, That M*" Frederic Heam be put a scholar upon a Not- 
toway Foundation 

Dec' 29, 1777. 
At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary 
Present : 
The Bev* M' Madison P': the Bev* M' Andrews & M' 
Besolved, that two Negro Fellows & a Boy be ordered down 
from the Nottoway Quarter, to supply the place of Hirelings in 
the College. 

Besolved, that M' John Carter Bursar be appointed to manage 
the sale of the Nottoway estate, & that he be allowed one p' C* 
Commission on the Amount thereof, & also his travelling Ex- 
penses. (270) 

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24 William and Mart College Quaktbbly. 

Eeeolved, That Mr. Withers be appointed Collector of the Not- 
toway Bents^ & that he be desired to leave the lands in euch 
manner as he thinks most advantageous, & for any term not 
exceeding twenty one years. 

Eesolved, That no Professor be allowed to keep any Book be- 
longing to the College Library more than six months, & that 
with his name to enter the time of taking it out. 

Beeolved, That the Librarian present annually to the Society 
a State of the Library, immediately after the Christmas Vacation. 

J. Madison. 

Feb. 12, 1778. 
At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W"' & Mary 

The Eev* M' Madison P' & M^ Andrews & M' Bracken. 
Ordered, that the Bursar put into the Loan OflSoe the Sum of 
3,000 £ & take out certificates of one hundred pounds each. 

J. Madison. 

(271) July 27, 1778. 

At a Meeting of the President & Maetere of W" & Mary 

Present : 
The EeV" M*" Madison P', the EeV* M' Andrews & M"" 

Agreed, That M' Wilson's salary as Housekeeper be raised to 
fifty poimds, sterlg., & that this increase commence from 25"» of 
June last, & continue until Christmas. 

Agreed, that the term of the Leases granted for the Lands on 
Nottoway be extended to 30 years, rescinded. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W° & Mary 

Present : 
The Bev* M' Madison P', the EeV> M' Andrews & W 

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William and Mart College Quabtbelt. 25 

Agreed, That M' Wilson's salary as Housekeeper be raised to 
50 £ Sterlg., & that this Increase commence from the 25 of last 
June & continue till Christmas. 

Agreed, That the Term of the Leases for the Lands on Notto- 
way be extended to 50 years. J. Madison. 

(272) Ang. 2* 1778. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W"" & Mary College. 

Present : 
The Bev* M' Madison P', the Eev* J. Bracken & the Bev* 
M"^ Andrews. 

Besolved, That all Salaries, from the time that they have been 
paid off at 33 1-3 Exchange be settled at the highest Exchange 
which may appear on the College Books ever to have been 
allowed. J. Madison. 

Oct 20, 1778. 
At a Meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 
College. Present. 
The Bev* M*" Madison P', the BeV" M' Bracken, & the BeV" 
M"^ Andrews. 

Besolved, that the Collectors of the College Bents be instructed 
alwajrs to lease those lands to the highest Bidder, the former 
Tenants of which have not complyed with the Term of their 

(274) Dec. 24, 1778. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W"* & Mary College. 

The Bev« M' Madison P', the BeV* M"^ Bracken & the Bev* 
M' Andrews. 

Besolved, That the rate of Boarding in the College be raised to 
one hundred pounds p' Ann. & that public notice be given of it in 
the Newspapers. 

Besolved, That a Negro Man called Nero be purchased of D' 
Ja* Carter, & that the President be desired to make the purchase • 
for any sum not exceeding 500 £. 

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26 William and Mary College Quabterly. 

Bes. That Lewis Littlepage succeed Mr. John Stuart on the 
Nottoway Foundation. 

Eesolved, That those Professors, who forgo the use of the Col- 
lege Table, be allowed, in consideration thereof, & receive weekly 
from the Housekeeper one or more joints of meat, the whole not 
exceeding 14 pounds, if fresh, if salt 10 pounds. 

J. Madison. 

(275) Jan^ 28, 1779. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary College. 
The Bev* M' Madison P', the Eev* M' Bracken & the Bev« 
M' Andrews. 

Agreed, that M^ Swinton be appointed Head-Usher, & that 

the Booms formerly occupied by the mistress be assigned to him. 

Agreed, That Mrs. Hewlett be employed as assistant to the 

Steward, & that she be allowed a salary of one hundred pounds p' 

Annum & also the Board & Schooling of her son. 

Agreed, That Mrs. Pegram be dismissed the College service. 
& that a present of ten pounds be given to her. 

J. Madison. 

Feb. 19, 1779. 
At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary College. 
Present : 

The Bev* M*" Madison P*" and the Bev* Mess" Bracken & 

Besolved, That the following Notice be immediately given to 
such Tenants as are in arrears for their rents. 

Whereas many of the College Tenants have forfeited their 
leases, by the large arrears in which they stand indebted, they 
have hereby notice, that unless they immediately discharge the 
same, they may depend upon the most speedy ejectment. Tobacco 
or Cash at the rate of 255 p' Cw' will be received for all arrears 
due at the beginning of the year 1777; but this indulgence is 

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extended only to such as shall embrace it before tbe 15^ of 
Aprils when suite will be commenced against all delinquents^ & 
the rigour of the law enforced by compelling them to pay off 
in Tobacco. Those who stand indebted for the year 1777 & 1778, 
are also desired to pay their rents within the time above men- 
tioned, either in Tobacco or Money, at the current price of 
Tobacco, when they became due: and in future to prevent com- 
plaints or dissatisfaction on either side, punctual payment is ex- 
pected according to the terms of their leases, in kind or at the 
current prices. J. Madison. 

(277) May 20, 1779. 

At a Meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary College. 

The Eev* M"^ Madison R, the Eev* J.Bracken & M' Andrews. 

Upon complaint lodged before the society of the malpractices 
of Rich* Stith, in continuing in oflBce his deputy, W" Mead, who 
it is alleged, has in several instances, acted unjustly in his oflSce, 

Resolved, that the President write to Mess" Winston, Steptoe 
& Calloway of the same county, requesting them to inquire into 
the grounds of said complaint, & transmit the result of their 
enquiries to the society. 

Resolved, that the following advertisement be inserted in the 
Public Newspapers: 

The President & Masters of W" & Mary College from the 
enormous losses sustained by the present established rate of 
boarding in the same, & the great reduction of its funds, find it 
necessary to adopt the following regulations, viz.: That each 
Student & scholar (after the expiration of the half year for 
which he has paid advance) bear the whole of his expences, 
& that such expences be ascertained from the Steward's books, 
which will be kept in an (278) accurate & proper manner for 
that purpose, & as it is necessary that the usual mode of pay- 
ing in advance shouM still continue, the sum of £150 must 
be paid at entrance by each into the Bursar^s hands. The ac- 
counts will be settled every half year, when any deficiency shall 

/i "f 

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28 William and Mary Collegb Quabtbrlt. 

be made up or any eurplus either returned or carried to the 
credit of the ensuing half year. Good provisions will be received 
at the current prices, & placed to the credit of such boarders as 
may find it convenient to furnish them. J. Madison. 

(280) Dec' 29^ 1779. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 
College under a statute passed by the visitors the fourth day of 
December, 1779. 
James Madison, President & Professor of Natural Philoso- 
phy & Mathematics. 
3ecrge Wythe, Professor of Law & Police. 
James M'Olurg, Professor of Anatomy & Medicine. 
Robert Andrews, Professor of Moral Philosophy, the Laws 

of nature & of nations, & of the fine €irts. 
Charles Bellini, Professor of Modem Languages. 
Resolved, that M' Andrews acts as Clerk of the Society for this 

Resolved, that the Lectures in the different schools shall com- 
mence for the ensuing year on the 17*** of January. 
For the Encouragement of Science, 

Resolved, that a Student on paying annually one thousand 
pounds of Tobacco shall be entitled to attend any two of the fol- 
lowing Professors, viz. : of Law & Police, of Natural Philosophy 
& Mathematics, & of Moral Philosophy, the Laws of Nature & 
Nations, & of the fine arts, & that for fifteen hundred pounds he 
shall be entitled to attend the three said Professors, the fees 
to be paid at that Period of the year when the Courses of Lectures 

Resolved, that M' James Wilson be allowed 3,000 lbs. of 
Tobacco p' annum, two men & a Boy, & any Benefit he oan derive 
from the Garden after supplying the President & Professors 
with vegetables, as Steward & Gardener of ye College. 

Revived, that Winkfield, Bob, Lemon, Adam, & Pompey, be 
retained for cleaning the College, & other necessary Purposes. 

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William and Maby College Quabtbbly. 29 

Resolved, that the President & M' Andrews hire the N^oes 
not retained, for Tobacco or other Country Produce. 

Resolved, that M' Andrews be appointed to execute the oflSce of 
Bursar of the College. 

(281) Dec' 30, 1779. 

At a Meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 

College. Present : 
James Madison, President, George Wythe, James M'Clurg, 
Robert Andrews, Charles Bellini. 

Resolved, that the Ceremony of Matriculation shall be a 
pecuniary contribution to the Library, from every Student when 
he enters the College, & annually afterwards, on which his Name, 
together with his Contribution, shall be entered in a Book kept 
for that Purpose by the Bursar, & he shall be entitled to the Use 
of the Library. 

Ordered, that the Library be arranged according to the difiEer- 
ent Branches of Literature. 

Resolved, that former Students shall enjoy a preferable Claim 
to Rooms until the 30"* of next month. 

Resolved, that Application for College Rooms be made to the 
Preside who shall determine the Right according to Priority of 

Resolved, that the personal Property, not necessary for the 
Use of the College, shall be exposed to publick sale on the 7^ 
of January, 1780. J. Madison, P. 

(282) At a Meeting of ye President and Professors of William 
and Mary College, Feb' 2*, 1780. 

Present : 
James Madison, Pr.; George Wythe, James M'Clurg, Robert 

Resolved — ^that James Wilson be appointed Collector of y* Rents 
in y* County of King William in y* place of Christopher Talia- 

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30 William and Maby College Quabteelt. 

Eesolved — that in future all surveyors be publicly examined 
before y* Society, previous to their having a Certificate of their 

Eesolved, that M' W" Cole be desired to collect y* Money due 
from y« Bents of y« Nottoway Estate. 

Eesolved, that Samuel QriflBn, Esq' be permitted to have any 
quantity of land near to his House not exceeding 20 acres for y* 
Purpose of Pasturage only. J. Madison. 

(283) March 17^, 1780. 
At a Meeting of y* President and Professors of y* College, 
Present : 

J. Madison, Presid^; G. Wythe— P. L. & P.; J. M'Clurg— 
P. A. & M. ; E. Andrews, P. M. P. &a ; Ch. Bellini, P. M. L. 
Eesolved that y* Collectors be ordered to collect all Eents for 
y* last Year in Tob® only — and that all Arrears due for any Time 
preceding y* Commencement of y* kst Year be collected either in 
Tob°, or in Money according to y* Value of Tob° at y* Time 
of Payment. J. Madibon, P. 

(284) May y« 23^ 1780. 
At a Meeting of y* President & Professors, 

Present : 
J. Madison, George Wythe, Eobert Andrews, Charles Bellini. 

Eesolved — that y® Collector of King W" do receive the rents of 
1779 at 30£ pr cw^, provided they be paid on demand. 

M' Wythe did not vote in y* above Eesolve. 

That — ^he shall bring suits for all arrears, unless paid at y* 
current Price of Tob** — and that those who are not able to pay 
their arrears be ejected. J. Madison. 

At a Meeting May 25. 
Present as above — also Doct' M'Clurg. 
M' Joseph Fox was elected Collector of King W". Eents in y« 
stead of James Wilson who had resigned. 

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William and Mary College Quarteely. 31 

The following advertisement was directed to be made public : 
The College having suffered very considerably by accepting 
current Money instead of y® Bents reserved in y* Leases of their 
Lands w*^ were payable in Tobacco or sterling Money at y* option 
of y^ President & Professors ; Notice is hereby given to y* Ten- 
ants & others oonoemed that y* Bente of y* Current year, & of 
all future years will be exacted in Tob° according to y* reserva- 
tions. Actions are directed to be commenced immediately for 
Breaches of y^ Covenants in any of y* Leases, and to recover 
Posession of all y* Tenements, y* Holders of which have forfeited 
by non-payment of y* Bents by waste by y* neglect to make im- 
provements by Sales without License, or otherwise, and to be 
prosecuted with y« greatest Expedition. (286) 

J. Madison. 

At a Meeting of y* President & Professors of y* College May 
y« 20*^ 1780. 
Present : 

J. Madison, Geo. Wythe, James M^Clurg, Bob* Andrews, 
Charles Bellini. 
Besolved — that M' Bellini be appointed Librarian. 

2. That all Books belonging to y* Library & lent out be forth- 
with returned, that none of y* Books be hereafter delivered out of 
y* Library to any but Professors & matriculated Students and 
to them for one month only at a Time, when they shall be re- 
turned, otherwise y* Borrower shall not only be accountable for 
y* value of y® Book withheld, but be deprived of y* Priviledge 
until y® Society upon proper amends, at a subsequent Meeting 
agree to restore it. 

3. That if any borrowed Book be def€M5ed, torn, or otherwise 
injured, he who had y* use of it shall replace it by another of y* 
same Author, equal to what it was when put into his hands. 

4. The j5rst Monday in every Month at 9 o^C in y* Morning 
is appointed as a Time to receive all Books lent out. 

(286) J. Madison. 

At a Meeting of y* President & Professors of W" & Mary Col- 
lege, June 2K'\ 1780. 


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^'^^ 32 William and Mahy College Quabterly. 

Present : 

J. Madison, G. Wythe, J. M'Clurg, R Andrews, Ch. BellinL 

Eesolved, That y* vftcations in future be as follows: 

The first — from y« first of April to y« first of May. 

The second — from y* first of August to y* 10^ October, 

J. Madisow. 

At a Meeting of y* President and Professors of W" & Mary 

Nov. 27*^, 1780. 
J. Madison, P^; G. Wythe, J. M'Clurg, R Andrews, C. Bel- 
Eesolved — That Col. Thomas Marshall be appointed surveyor 
of y« County of Fayette. James Thompson of y* County of Lin- 
coln — and Geo. May of y* Couniy of Jefferson. 

Eesolved — That James Wilson be allowed five Hhds of Tobacco 
p' annum as his Wages — and that he shall also undertake y* 
Management of a Farm upon -the Lands adjoining y* College. 
(287) Eesolved also— That three Hhds of Tob° be farther 
allowed him in Lieu of his Board. J. Madison, Pr. 

At a meeting of y* Presid* & Professors of W" & Mary Coll., 
December 14"», 1780. 
J. Madison, Pr. ; J. M'Clurg, Geo. Wythe, Eobert Andrews, 
Ch. Bellini. 
Eesolved, that such of y* Negroes as shall not be hereafter re- 
served, be disposed of in Exchange for Lands not exceeding the 
Distance of one Hundred Miles from Williamsburg. 

J. Madison, Pr. 

At a Meeting of y* President & Professors Jan' 1, 1780. 

J. Madison, P.; (Jeo. Wythe, Eobert Andrews — Charles 

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William and Mary Collegb Quabtbkly. 33 

Beeolved — That M' Wilson be desired to hire out the Negroes 
belonging to y* College, except those necessary for y* College, & 
Fann, y* Persons hiring them to pay their Taxes & clothe 
them. J. Madison^ P. 

(288) At a Meeting of the President & Professors of W° & 
Mary College. 

James Madison, P. ; (Jeo. Wythe, Bobert Andrews, Charles 

Besolved that y* Collectors hereafter to be appointed be 
allowed six per Centum upon all Monies by them Collected for y* 
Use if y* College, and ten per Centum for Collections in Tob^. 

That when y^ Bent shall not be paid in Tob^ nor suflBcient Dis- 
tress be found, the Collector ie impowered to receive Money of 
the Tenant who makes Default at the Bate of y* current Price of 
Tob^, at the warehouses, by the notes of w*^ y* Bent is payable. 

Besolved, that M' Benj* C. Spiller be appointed Collector of 
King William Bents in y* Boom of M' Fox, deceased. 
(To be Continued,) 



The records in Northumberland, Westmoreland and Lancaster 
Counties are nearly complete, and are very valuable in showing the 
genesis of Virginia. The earliest settlement in the Northern Neck was 
at Chicacoan, which became a rallying point for all Protestants disaf- 
fected to the government of Lord Baltimore. Machodoc, Nominy and Appo- 
mattox were soon settled by other emigrants from Maryland. Then 
intermingled with these were emigrants direct from England and New 
England. For quite a number of years the settlements on the Potomac 
were cut off from Jamestown by miles of forest, broken at Mobjack Bay 
by a lonely post occupied by Peter Ransone and his friends. In Quarterly 
IV., 28-43, 75-89, have already appeared some extracts from the reoorda 
of Westmoreland County with comments upon the early people of the 
Northern Neck. The settlers were of the commercial class, and in this 
respect were truly representative of the English cities from which they 
came. In those days, sea-faring men were above the ordinary in general 

Digitized by 


v^ 34 William and Maby College Quarterly. 

information, and many of them founded families of influence in America. 
Thus John Washington was mate of a ship and Andrew Monroe was a 
sea-captain, and, both settling in Westmoreland County, established 
families which furnished each a President to the United States. - 

William Hardwich and Isaac Allerton were tailors; Joseph Hardwich 
was a serge-maker from Westbury in Somersetshire; Thomas Storke, a 
merchant of London; Thomas Sturman, a cooper; John Hallowes and 
Francis Gray, carpenters. In England at this time, the trades were in 
high repute. The younger sons of the English gentry resorted to the 
cities and became tailors, grocers, coopers, weavers, etc. There could be 
no caste in England since the proudest noble found himself compelled to 
treat with respect the clcuss into which his younger sons for a livelihood 
were forced to enter. These merchants, while not calling themselves 
"gentlemen," still clung to their coats-of-arms, which descended from 
their gentlemanly ancestors. The possession of land restored the old 
title of "gentleman," and land was easy to get in Virginia. 

In addition to the persons named, founders of families of distinction 
in Virginia, mention may be made of Nicholas Spencer, of Gople, in 
Bedfordshire; Richard Cole, who called his home on the Potomac 
"Salisbury Pary;" Dr. Thomas Gerard; Walter Broadhurst, of Shrop- 
shire; Valentine Peyton, of Middlesex County, England; John Lord, 
late of Hartford, Conn.; Daniel Hutt, of London, Captain of the May- 
flower; Thomas Speke, of Somersetshire; Samuel Hayward, of London; 
Gerard Fowke, of Staffordshire; Nathaniel Pope, of Bristol; Henry 
Brett, of Plymouth; Henry Corbin, brother of €^awin Corbin, "citizen 
and leather-seller" of London ; Richard Lee, of Stratford Langton, Essex, 
and many others. These men were merchants, representatives of old 
English families, and having each under his control a squad of white 
servants, who were largely employed in raising and shipping tobacco; 
and each had stores to furnish his dependents and neighbors with Eng- 
lish goods. There were but few negroes in the early days, and property 
of this kind was probably not regarded with a favorable eye. Thus 
Richard Cole referred to John Washington as "an ass negro driver," 
which, perhaps, indicated that Washington, by way of exception de- 
pended on negro rather than white labor. 

Lord Baltimore's Claim to Virginia Territory,^ 
An ord' of James City Court concer Cap* Brent's Land : 

Att a Quarter Court held at James Citty y* 14"* of March, 
1653. Pres* : Eiehard Bennett Esq., Gouven' Col« W" Claiborne, 
Col« Tho: Pettus, Col« George Ludlow, Col« Higginson, Col*^ 
fEreman, CoP W" Taylor, Esqs. This Day Cap* Gyles Br«it' 
exhibited his petieon to y* Court & represented that b^g seated 
on y* south side of Petomack river nnd' y* authority & by pattent 
und' y* Gouerment of this Colony Nevertheless y* Lord Balti- 

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William and Mary College Quabterly. 35 

more bath given mstructions to his surveyor & Secretary though 
gratis yet to issue out of Maryland Grants for y* Land belonging 
to y* petieon' und' this Colony w*** this Court coneeiveth to be 
contrary to y* plain words of y* said Lord Baltimore's Grant & 
to y^ knowne intrest of Virginia according to a former Act of 
Assembly to that part doe thinke fitt to Ord' & appoint that y* 
Com" of y^ County of Westmorland where y* said Cap* Brent's 
land lyeth (doe) take care to preserve y® bounds & Interests (of) 
this C(olony of) Virginia and that both y* Inhabitants there 
(and in) y« counties of Westmoreland & Lancaster respectively 
if cause bee do afford their assistance therein. Test Eo: Huberd 
CI: Com. 20 April, 1654 This Ord' was recorded. 

An Early Letter From Barbadoes* 

Tho: Baldreage his Lre to M' Tho : Baldridge : 
To my ever loveing Cosen M' Tho : Baldreage liveing in Poto- 

mack river over agair^t Maryland or for M' James Baldreage. 
Loveing Cosen Thomas Baldridge my kinde love prted unto 
yo^ & to yo' brothers & sisters & to yo' children & to all y* rest 
of our good freinds with yo". This is to Certify yo^ that I have 
rec* yo^ letter & am very glad to heare of good health & happi- 
ness & according to yo' advise I have made all y* haste to send to 
yo^ but for myself I am prevented for y* present y* cause is 
long of bad paymasters. Cousen I have sent in this shipp goods 
in but y* Bill of ladeing shall make mencon of w*^ Bills I doe 
purpos to consigne unto yo^ y* Gentlewoman whom I send by I 
would desire yo^ to be as caref uU of her as yo^ would of me this 
gentlewoman was a neighbour of mine in Virginia & is now 
come to Barbadus to looke for her husband's estate, but she not 
likeing y« Countrey is come to Virginia therefore I would desire 
yo'* to show her all the respect that lyeth in yo"^ power Loveing 
Cousen I would desire that yo'* will shew this Lre to yo' brother 
that he may be as carefull as yo'* & yo' as him in this business as 
yo° shall finde me if ever yo'* have any occasion to use me. I 
have writt unto John Kabley to send unto yo^ with all speed as 
soone as y* ship arriveth at Verginia. I doe purpose by God's 
blessing to bee with yo'* in Verginia by Christmas next, if God 

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36 William and Mary College Quabteblt. 

send me my health. I doe deeire yo^ to doe me y* favour to tran- 
sport these goods where yo^ thinke it will bee for y* best advan- 
tage of me I will be at what charge it shall fit(and) yo'* in for 
I doe believe yo" cannot put them of where yo°. I have sent yo'* 
one man to helpe yo" with them to transport them & to have a 
care of y* man till I oome w**^ wilbe at Christmas next w**' man 
if you heare that I am dead his passage is paid for & to be his 
own man. G)usen this is to let yo* understand that I mett with 
a merchant w**^ I was very well acquainted with in Virginia w**' 
wee are both boimd one to another in partnership for five years 
if he pforme he is bound to send on twelve able men by Christ- 
mas next w^** I have given him direccons to be transported to 
John Kableys house therefore I would desire yC* to take soe 
much care as to looke after them & demand them of John 
Babley for M' Wesoombe & my use. I doe purpose by Qod^s 
helpe to settle by yo** therefore if there be any plantacon of 4 or 
5 hundred Acres I desire yo'' to take it up for me but not to lye 
it out fully till I come but to holde it from any other man till 
yo** see mee Cousen I would desire to send me by y* first oppor- 
tunity to send a true Lre of what condioon y* country stands 
either in peace or warr or for any hardness of provision for here 
are many good people that are minded to come for Virginia Soe 
haveing no newes to send yo'' I rest you"" ever lovening cousen till 
death Thomas Baldreadge Sept. 9, 1649. ffor Elexand' & his child 
they are well but he sent me word this day that his wife is sicke 
you shall receave a Lre by y* bearer of this. 
21 Oct*» 1654 This Lre was Recorded. 

A Letter From London.^ 
M' Hayward^s Lre to M' Dodman and Daniel Lisson 
M*" Podman Daniel Lisson 
I understand by Richard ffoot that he made yo'' my Attorney 
I am very glad he made choise of soe honest a man. Tobacco is 
here a very bad comodity therefore I would desire yo'' to send 
me none but what is very Bright & Large if yo^ receave any other 
I would desire yo'* to dispose of it some way that I may be sure 

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William and Mary College Quabteicly. 37 

of it next yeare I shall write yo'* more Large by Cap* Tilman in 
y* meane time take Leave & remaine your very Loveing friend 
Nicholas Hayward. S% as ocmceming my plantacon I pray gett 
me a good Customer for it if you can to be paid either in Tob^ 
or Beaver & what y* sell it for let y* Tob~ be Large & bright or 
else it will not pay y* fifraite not eke but rest yours Ni : Hajrward. 
17 fifeb. 1656, This Lre of Attur was recorded. 

Letter of Richard Lord, of Hartford.* 
M' Eich : Lord hie Ire of Att : to M' Jo : Lord. 

Eichard Lord of Hartford on y* Eiver of Connecticut in New 
England Merch* have constituted ordered & in my place sett my 
welbeloved Brother John Lord of the same Town my lawfull 
attorney to demand of persons inhabiting withinn Virginia or the 
Province of Mary-Land witnessed by Tho : Einggold, the marke 
of Tho. Bradnock, Simon Law. 21 Decem, 1657, This Lre of 
Att : was recorded. 

King of Potomach's Agreement^ 
The Agreem* between Cap* Brent & y* King of Potomacke 
ffor a finall end & determinacon of all disputes and demands for 
Land made by y« King of Potomacke of Cap* Giles Brent, Esq. 
The said Cap* Brent doth promise to give unto y* said King 
forthwith a cow & calf e for all y^ Land that y* said Cap* Brent 
hath patt^ided notwithstanding' y* said Cap* Brent hath formerly 
satisfied y* said King for all y* said Land wherewith y* said King 
was satisfyed & contented Giles Brent, the mark of y« King of 

20 August 1658 This Agreem* was acknowledged in Court 
by y* said Cap* Brent & y* King of Potomack & Eecorded. 

The Doegg Indians^ 
MJ flfowkes Eeport of y* great man of y® Doeggs answeare. M' 
Qerrard flfowke sent for y* Great man of y* Doeggs according to 
an ord' of y® last court And three oi y* Indians came down & he 
demanding satisfaction for y« cattle they had killed of Capt 
Brents, The said Indians denyed that they ever killed any of his, 
but if any such cattle were killed it was done by forren Indians. 

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38 William and Mary College Quabteblt. 

But they then tendered about a hundred armee length of B(moke 
for y* Gouem' And eaid they had formerly given both Eonoke & 
Beauer to Cap* Brent although they never did him Injury soe 
y« eaid M*" flfowke sent for Cap* Brent desireing that he would 
be pleaeed to come down & heare what they said or send his man 
& he sent a note to y* eaid M' ffowke und** his hand that he 
thought it beet to referr y* ending of y* treaty w*** y* Doeggs 

Qerrard flfowke 

20 Aug: 1658 This Answear was Beoorded 

Justices of Westmoreland. 

At a Quart' Co'* held at James Citty Aprill y* 3* 1661 S' W* 
Berkely Kn* gouemo' 

Tho: Ludwell, Esq. eecretarie Capt. Henry Perry ColL Bead 
Capt. Warner Coll Carter Esq" 

It is ordered that y* eommission of Westmerland County be as 
foUoweth: G)ll Gerard flEowlke L* Coll. Valentine Peyton M' 
John Dodman M' William Peirce M' Augustine Hull M' Daniel 
liisson M' John Lord, and M' John Whiston. And y^ first fowre 
be nominated to be of y* Quorum vera copia. Test Thomas 
Brereton, GV eou. 

At a Quarter Court held as aforesaid M' John Lord apointed 
Sherr for Westmerland County for y* ensuing yeare And to be 
swome at y* next eou'* there held. 

Test Tho: Brereton, CI' eon. 

John Appleton, High Sheriff. 
Cap* Jn® Appleton^e ord' for High Sheriflfe 

I doe at y* desire y* comm'^ of Westmerl* appoynt Cap* Jn<> 
Appleton to be high sheriflfe of y* county of Westmerl* for this 
ensuing yeare given imder my hand this 12*** of March, 1673. 
Will" Berkeley. The 30*»* of Aprill 1673 this ord' was recorded 
in y« County Court records of Westmcrl*. 

Sir William Berkeley to Leave the Colony!' 

Whereas his sacred Ma"« by his Commission dated y« 30*** of 

July, 1660, hath given leave to y* hon^»* S' William Berkeley 

gouemo' of Virginia upon his urgent occasions to goe out of the 

country And hath allsoe Impowered y* said Gouemo' & y« Maior 

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William and Maby College Quabtbelt. 39 

parte of y* oouncell to elect one of y* oouncell to eupply his place 
w*^ y* said S' William Berkeley & y* Counoell subscribed have 
vppon y* emergent occasions calling y* said S' William Berkeley 
from hence made choice of ColL ffrancis Morrison, Esq' to bee 
Gouemo"^ & Cap* Gener" of Virg*. According to y* tenor of said 
commission whose authority is to beginn upon y* Gouemo" set- 
ting sail. William Berkeley 
Thomas Ludwell Sec', Henry Perry Hen: Browne Thomas Pet- 

tus Edwd : Hill Thoma : Swann 

Test: Tho: Brereton. 

A Servanfs Discharge. 
James White discharge for Service. 
These are to Certify y* Ja : White serv* to M' William Storke 
hath served out his time according to indenture & is accordingly 
discharged as unto my hand from this 15"* Oct"^ 1673. 

John Washington. 

A Suicide. 
August y* 25"» 1661. 

Wee whose names are here under written being simmioned & 
sworne upon a jury concerning y* death of a man servant of 
M' William frekes who was Drowned in the Creek neare to his 
master's plantacon doe find that hee hath wilfully cast himself 
away having viewed diligently According to our oathes & con- 
sciences & hath caused him to be buried at y® next cross path as 
y* Law Eequires w"* a stake driven through y* middle of him in 
his grave hee haveing wilfully Cast himself away. 

John Washington Cor. 
Andrew Monroe Thomas Johnson William White William Smith 
Elias Webb John Walker Thomas Terwhitt John Coggs 
Thomas Button Silvester Loueing Eichard flloyd James Harris 

Contract for Building a House. 

Condioon between Cap* If eale* & ffran : West. 

It is condiconed & agreed betweene James Neale, Esq*" of the 

one party francis West of y* other party as followeth, y* said 

f rancis West doth hereby promise & oblige himself to build for y* 


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, -v^ 

\t 40 William and Mabt College Quarterly. 

Baid James Neale on Us plantacon on WoUaston manor one bouse 
of forty foote long & twenty five foote wide framed worke to 
bee nine foote betweene y* groundsill & Wall plate & aU y* 
gromidsills to bee of Locust wood y* Lower part to bee divided 
into five Eoomes w"* two chimnies below & one small chimnye 
above And build to it a porch ten foote long & eight foote wide 
y* Loft to bee layed w"* sawed wood And to build two Dormer 
windowes above & other window at y* end of y* left And to point 
all Windowes & Dores below Stayres & all Compleatly finished 
except y* covering & weather boarding for & in consideration 
whereof I y* say* James Neale doe oblige myself to furnish y* 
said francifi West Meate Drinke & Lodging dureing y* time of 
y* building y* said House & to allow him two servants namely 
my boy John y* Dutchman & y* other John which I have hired 
by Cap"* flfendall to doe all such works Concerning y^ said build- 
ing as y* said frauds shall appointe or Command them & not 
to bee hindered by mee y* said James Neale in Doeing any other 
worke & further I doe oblige myself my heires & Execute" to 
pay y® said f rancis West three thousand five himdred pounds 
weiglrt of tob^ & Cask y« one halfe to be pay* at or before y* 
feast ct y* Nativitie of our Lord next ensueing And y* other 
halfe at y* finishing of y« worke. 

In Witness whereof y* parties aforesaid have hereunto put 
theire hands this 22* Day of July, 1661. And y^ ^d ffrancis 
West not to goe off y« plantacon of James Neale to worke or 
build till the worke bee fully f umshed. 

James Neale 

ffrancis West 
Testes William Bretton John Leeke 

feb y* 4"» 1661 This condition was Recorded. 

John Lord's New England Mare? 
The deposioon of David Wickliffe Aged about twentie five 
yeares or thereabouts, sworne & examined sayth : That in y* yeare 
1668 about the month of July your Deponent with others Eode 
after a mare of Capt John Lord wch he called his New England 
Mare w*^** mare had one horse colt with her about two years old 

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William and Mary College Quaeterly. 41 

& to the beet of your Deponent^s knowledge sbe was not with 
foale neither in coursing of a long time Did wee see any other, 
the Marke of David Wickliffe August 7** 1671 Swome before 
me John Washington. 29*^ 9*»' 1671 This Deposition was Be- 

Letter of Rev. John Waugh. 
W Jn« Waughs Lett*" to Mathew Steel 
CoBsen Steel 

I have business depending at y* Co'* but I am afraid I cannot 
be there by reason y* both My horses be gown out into y* woods 
w"* a company of wild horses & Cannot againe be gott therefrom. 
I entreat if you be at Co'* hionbly to crave reference of w* busi- 
ness I have depending there. Semper idem 

Petition of Rev. John Waugh.^^ 
M' Jn® Waugh pett to y* Right Hon^*« y« Qouemour 

To y* Eight Hon^** &c. the pet of Jn*> Waugh most humbly 
fiheweth that whereas yo' pet' for conjoyning Mathew Steele & 
Bestitue Whetstone in matrymony contrary to y* wholesome lawes 
of this country & y'by justly merited y' Hon" displeasure & y* 
pundehm* inflicted by law, was suspended of y* part of my duty 
towards my congregation, but hopeing y* y' Honor* Justice & 
mercy are equally existent Therefore yo' pet being a poore man, 
sorry for my former oflfences & prmising p' verbum sacerdotis 
to endeavour to eshune all oflfences of y* nature pro futuro do 
thereby humbly begg y' Hour* clemency in passing by my former 
trespasses in restoring your poore pet to y* execucon of his 
former function, if it may consist w*"* y' Honour* pleasure to re- 
lease y' poore pet from y* rigour of y* punishm* in paying y* g* 
some Tob : w*'^ will be to y* undoing of y' pet, wife & family. This 
humbly beggeth y' Hour" pet & shall ever as duty bound pray for 
y* welf aire of your Hon' & interest Becordat'. Teste Hen : Hart- 
will CI. Con. Wee subscribed doe ingadge y* for y* future y* pet 
Jn® Waugh shall in all things act & doe nothing contrary to y* 
laws of y* country as a minister in y* place he now is & doe 
humbly desire y* public fine may be remitted & y* pet restored to 


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42 William and Mary College Quaetbrly. 

his former late capacity as a minister. Geo: Mason, Robert 
Townsend. Recordaf Hen: Hartwell, Cler Con. 

The Eight Hon"* the Gouem«^ 
Tho: Ludwell, secretary Hen: Corbin Tho: Ballard 

Upon y* pet of M' Jn° Waugh & his p'mise of better behaviour 
in his function ae a minister for y® future & upon y* security of 
M' Geo. Mason & M' Bob* Townsend y* publique fine is remitted 
& be restored to y® exercise of his Ministry in y* p''ish, where he 
formerly served, y« s* Waugh paying all costs 6"^ 8**' 1674. 

Becordat'' Hen: Hartwell 10^ 4:^"^ recordat' 

Shipping Instructions. 

M' W°* Tuckers Instructions to M*" Jn*» Edwards — 

London y 2* March 1673. 

Coz° Jb? Edwards heerw^ I dell: yo^ an Invoice & packing 
noate of y« goods I have shipt in 3-* Hope W"" Singleton M' 
for my Ace** w®** God sending you safe to America I desire you 
will dispose for my beet advantage as y* times shall governe 
^th ye prceeds of I desire yo" will lade tiris ship Home w"* Tob® 
y* best yo'* can gett observing to gett y* brightest where y* is 
not to be had to get y* y* is sound and sweet you know w*^ w* 
charge & difiSculty this ship goeth forth & how neare to y* time 
of seasoning yo" will oome therefore it will concern yo" to be 
as nimble in y* dispatch of her back. I expect you will deal w*^ 
no man but where yo** have good assurance of haueing y*" Tob : 
for I will not have any debt made in the country for my Ace** 
& w* were made y* last year I desire yo* will endeavor to gett 
in. If yo" can gett 20 hh Sweete sented Tob : y* is good send y* 
p' this shipp In her I allow yo" to ship 5 hd. Tob : for y' self 
and 2 for my Brother John & one for my daughter, all y* rest 
must be for my Ace** & also w* spare room y* is I desire yo^ will 
see to have it filled up w*** bulke Tob° for my Ace** & be sure to 
gett bills Loading for w* yo^ ship aboard Whatever y* ship 
may want in y* country let it be supplied by yo" & not p' y* M' 
as y* last yeare. In case yo" should have Tob° more y** will fill 

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William and Mary College Quabterly. 43 

this ship & y* Timnage designed in ye oonceme I desire yo'' will 
endeavor to send it either in Tob : or porke or both for Barbadoes 
consigned to M' Tho. Wescomb & if yo^ faile of such conven- 
iency I would have yo^ keepe such goods as are not p'shable & 
leave y"* in y* hands of some trusty friend to be kept till next 
cropp for I had rather have the Goods ly by in y* Country y** 
disposed into debts. I desire this ship may be dispatched as 
soone as possibly, & if y*" be occasion for y^ stay in y* dispatch 
of Cap* Pensax yo^ may come home w"^ him for w* goods are 
ship* in him yo^ shall have pticular directions all my concemes I 
refer to y*" self desiring yo^ will manadge all according to y' 
best discression. Soe God send yo* a good voyadge. 

I am yo' Lo : kinsman W"* Tucker 

26 7^' 1674 These Instructions recorded. 

Passage Money of Daniel Hutt}^ 
M' Hutt's bill of exchange upon S' fErancis Chaplin, 

Graves end y* 19^ of December 1668. 
Att 30 dayes sight pray pay unto M' Thomas Colclough or 
order the sunmie of twenty pounds sterling for y* like valine 
due for passage to Vrginia in y* Susanna Cap* W" Goodlad com- 
mander w*^ place as advice to y* accom"** of yor worsh" Servant. 

Daniel Hutt. 

To y* Bight worsh" fEran" Chaplin, Esq. SherifEe of London. 
The receipe 
Beceived y« 26: fEebruary 1668 of y* right worsh" sheriflEe 
Ohaplin twenty pounds being y* full of y* w"»in bill for my 
M' M' Thomas Colclough. £ 20 

ralph Keting 

Pottery Factory. 

Dennis Whit & Morgan^s Articles of Agreem* 

Know all men by these puts y* I Dennis Whit of Westmerland 

County & Morgan Jones have made a oondicon or an agreement 

for to be copartners for y* term of five yeares in making & selling 

of Earthen warre & y* said Denis White is to finde three men 


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V 44 William and Maby College Quabierly. 

dureing y* said terme to helpe y* e/^ Dennis White is to have one 
half e of y* pduce what shal be made of the earthen ware & y* s* 
Denis White shall be at half e y* charge for every thinge as to- 
wards bowsing & keepeinge : except y* 3 hands w^ is to be uppon 
his owne Ace" furthermore the Cattle & hogges to goe equally 
between y® s^ Denis White & Morgan Jones, y* s^ Morgan Jones 
paying y* one halfe for them unto Denis White, if Morgan Jones 
should depart this Life before he doth pay for them the stock to 
be returned to y« s^ Denis White againe or his heires & the said 
White is to have y« benefitt of one halfe of y* Lease w^ Morgan 
Jones of Cap* Tho Yarrell as Long y* s* Morgan hath it & if 
either Denis White or Morgan Jones or either of them shall 
breake or leave one another w"*out full consent of both psons 
or deceive or wronge one another to y* valine of one hundred 
pounds of tobacc® he y* shall doe soe shall forfeit sixty thousand 
pounds of good sound tobacc® & caske as witnesse both our hands 
& scales this 28^ day of August 1677 

Denis White, scale 
Morgan M. J. Jones, seale. 
Teste James Hardy 

Christopher Colwill 

Recorded the 2P* of November 1677 

An Order About a Servant. 

Att a Court held for the County of Westmerland 25 March 1685. 

L* Col Isaac AUerton 
P'sent Cap* John Lord M' W°^ Horton Maj' Tho: YouUe M' 
Edward ffranklin Cap* Law : Washington M' Francis Wright 
M' W°* Bridges M' John Morton. 


Whereas Mary Waters came into Co^ and haveing Ind" shee 
relinquished the same, and desires the Co'* that diee might be 
bound to serve the Hono^^* Nicholas Spencer, Esq' the Terme 
of seaven yeai^es, The Co'* examining the said Mary Waters and 
finding that she did voluntarily freely and willingly relinquish 
her said Ind" and that such her said request and desire would 
bee for her good and advantage, the Co'* Ord' That the said 

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William and Mart College Quaetbrly. 45 

Mary Waters serve the s* Hono"* Nicholas Spencer, Esq. and 
Assignees the full time & terme of seaven years bee or they pay- 
ing unto the s* Mary Waters att the expiraoon of the s* Terme 
her com and Cloathes according to Act. 

Pernicious Vermin Wolves. 

Att a Court held for the county of Westmerland 31«* day of 
October, 1688. 
Pres* Coll* W°* Peirce M*" Eobert Carter Cap^ John Lord M^ 

Edward Franklin Maj' Thomas Youell M' fErancis Wright 

Cap* Lawrence Washington M*" Henry Bosse 

His May"*" justices for this countie being deeply sensible of 
the great Increase of those pernicious vermin Woolves which 
prey not only on sheep & hoggs but alsoe on cattell & colts & 
being incessantlie importuned by the Inhabitants to take some 
speedie Care for their deminution, the designs & difficulty of 
their totall extirpation being thought Invincible doe Order that 
whatsoever person or persons or the assignees of such psns who 
shcdl destroy or cause to be destroyed any woof e or wolves within 
the bounds of this countie shall receave for Iris or their reward 
out of the next ensueing Levie three hundred pds of tobacco & 
caske. And it is further Ordered that the s* persons or psns 
their assignees who shall bring the head or heads or Eares of the 
8* heads to the Court & then make oath that the said Woof e or 
Woolves were killed within the bounds of the countie & the sherifEe 
or his oflScers are hereby requested by flBre or otherwise to destroy 
these heads or Eares so brought as aforesaid. And the clark is 
ordered to give Certificate to the partie who shall claime their 
reward w*^** shall be a suflBcient warrant for him to demand & 
receave the reward att the laying the next Lea vie for the Countie. 

Depositions on record in Westmoreland show the following 
ages : George Mason, aged about 29 in 1658 ; Richard Cole, aged 
43 in 1664; Humphrey Pope, 33 or thereabouts in 1707; John 
Sherman, 55 in 1707; Madam Mary Butler, 49 in 1707; John 
Wjatt, 35 in 1673; John Aahton, 48 in 1671; David Wickliflf, 
about 25 in 1671 ( ?) ; Alexander Doniphan, about 24 in 1674; 
Patrick Spence, about 40 years in 1674; James Hardwick, about 



Digitized by 


^^ 46 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

27 in 1674; Captain John Applet)on, aged about 36 in 1676; Wil- 
liam Storke, father of Nehemiah Storke, about 55 in 1676; 
George Nicholas, about 30 years in 1678; Sarah Monroe, aged 
71 in 1736; William Monroe, aged 70 in 1736; Mary Chilton, 
55 in 1736; William Hardwick, 37 in 1655; Thomas YouUe, 
aged 40 in 1655 ; William Baldridge, 24 in 1655 ; John Ashton, 
aged 48 in 1671; Walter Brodhurst, 36 in 1655; Robert Vauk, 
25 in 1676; John Butler, 35 in 1673; Edward Awbome, derk, 
about 36 in 1676. 

Marriage Bonds in Westmoreland Court-House. 

Leroy Daingerfield and Elizabeth Parker, October 17, 1788, 
with letter of Bichard Parker, her father, giving consent. 

Burwell Bafisett and Eliza McCarthy, spinster, 10th January, 
1788, with letter of Daniel McCarthy, from Pope's Creek. 

Thomas Lee and Mildred C. Washington, 13th October, 1788. 
Securities: Thomas Lee, sen. and William A Lee, with letter 
from Hannah Washington, dated Blenheim, October 11, 1788, 
giving consent 

Thomas Washington and Sarah Harper, May 16, 1788; 
security, H. Washington; witness, William Butler. 

Spencer Ball and Bettie Landon Carter; security, Henry Lee, 
with letter of Eobert Carter from Nominy Hall, dated March 
26, 1788, stating hie daughter to have been bom October 25, 1765. 

James Bland and Ursula Gordon, widow, 12th February, 1788, 
Lawrence Pope and Frances Carter; witness, William Edwards, 
30th December, 1790. 


1. This is the order referred to in Quarterly XIII., 278-280, as 
showing that Lord Baltimore deemed the fountain of Aquia Greek the 
weetemmoet fountain of the Potomac River. 

2. This letter appears to be written from Barbadoes, Col. Thomas 
Baldridge first lived in Maryland, where he appears as early as 1037. 
His widow, Grace, married Major John Tew, a justice of Westmoreland 
Ck>unty, Virginia. Thomas Baldridge had issue a son, Jamee, whose 
will, proved April 20, 1664, names wife, Elizabeth, and son, William, 
under age. James Baldridge was brother of Ck>lonel Thomas Baldridge, 

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William and Mary College Quabtbblt. 47 

and his will, dated November 26, 1654, names wife, Dorothy. Her will, 
dated November 2, 1662, names grandchild, Charles Baldridge, and Wil- 
liam Baldridge, son of nephew James; grandchildren Elizabeth, Ann and 
Mary Bainham, children of Captain Alexander Bainham, and makes son- 
in-law, Thomas Butler, executor. She gave a cup or bowl and chalice to 
the parish church at Appomattox (Mattox) with her name to be en- 
graved. In a deed, dated July 16, 1657, to James Baldridge, son of 
Major Thomas Baldridge, James Baldridge is mentioned as administrator 
of Major Thomas Baldridge^ ''my late brother deced," and has also a 
quietus upon Thomas Baldridge ''a late kinsman of mine" (the writer 
of the above letter.) 

3. Nicholas Hayward was a merchant in London. His son, Samuel, 
came to Virginia, and his son, Nicholas, was a prominent Notary Public 
in London. For John Dodman see Quarterly IV., 41. 

4. John Lord and Elizabeth, his wife, made a deed (dated November 
28, 1687) to their daughter, Elizabeth, who is to marry ''James Neale 
of Woolleston, in Charles County, Maryland, Esquire," for 800 acres 
at Machotick, in Westmoreland County, and 500 acres in Stafford, near 
unto Giles Brent's mill, given said Lord by Joseph Edmunds." Other 
records show that he left a son, William, who went to Maryland. In 
1692 Elizabeth Lord is mentioned as "widow of Captain John Lord." 

5. Potomack Indian town was between Potomac Creek and Aquia 
Creek. In this region Giles Brent, who had acted as Governor of Mary- 
land, made his residence. 

6. The Doeggs lived on an island in the Potomac, which was owned, 
about 1690, by William Sherwood, of Jamestown. 

7. This order was transcribed without date, but, according to Hen- 
ning. Statutes at Large^ it was passed April 30, 1661. 

8. James Neale was one of the Councillors of Maryland, and was an 
English merchant in Spain before coming to America. His son, James 
Neale, Esq., appears to have married Elizabeth Lord, of Westmoreland 
County, daughter of Captain John Lord, of that County. 

9. The age of David Wickliffe given here, (twenty-five), appears to 
be an error of the clerk. David Wickliffe was the first child of Protestant 
parents bom in Maryland, and, as the records of that province show 
that David Wickliffe (who must have been his father) died in 1642, the 
son was probably thirty-five (35) years of age instead of twenty-five 
(25) in 1671. His mother, it seems^ married secondly Henry Brooks. 
In Westmoreland County. Henry Brooks, in 1655, made a gift to David 
and Robert Wickliffe. In 1662 he made his will, naming his widow, 
Jane, and daughters, Jane Higdon and Lydia Abington. Jane Higdon 
married secondly Original Brown, father of William Brown, bom in 
1685, living in 1755; Quarterly X., 176. Robert Wickliffe, above named^ 
married Margaret, daughter of Colonel William Peirce and Sarah 
Underwood, his wife, and by his will, proved in 1697, he left an only 
son, David. He names, also, his brother, David. This latter married 

Digitized by 


\^ 48 WiLUAM AND Mary Collbgs Quabtbblt. 

Mary, who appears to have been the wife suecesaiyely of five husbands: 
(1) William (?) Bridges; (2) Nathaniel Pope; (3) Lewis Nicholas; 
(4) David Wickliffe; (6) John Rosier ( ?). He had issue David, Robert 
and Deborah. Of these, David married Elizabeth Cullen, and had issue 
Isaac, eldest son, who married and had issue David, bom in 1725 and 
living in 1755. 

10. Rev. John Waugh lived in that portion of Westmoreland made 
into Stafford County, in 1666. The law imposed upon a minister a fine 
of 10,000 pounds of tobacco for marrying persons without a license dulj 
obtained. Restitute Whetstone was a daughter of John Whetstone, bj 
Restitute, the daughter of Major John Hallowes and Restitute Tew, his 
wife, sister of John Tew, one of the justices of Westmoreland County, 
who married Grace^ widow of Major Thomas Baldridge. Restitute 
Whetstone married (1) Matthew Steele; (2), about 1670, John Manly, 
and had William Manly, born in June, 1686. In 1712 he is m^itioned 
as having married Penelope, daughter of John Higgins, and sister to 
John Elliot's wife. In 1674 John Waugh and Elizabeth, his wife, of 
Stafford County, made a deed to Nathaniel Garland, Joyner. During the 
turmoil in England accompanying the accession of William of Orange, 
the Protestante were frightened lest the Roman Catholic religion might 
be established in England. In Virginia absurd rumors were circulated 
of terrible plots of the Roman Catholics of Maryland and the Indians. 
The County of Stafford was inflamed by the harangues of John Waugh, 
and three councillors were dispatched to allay the commotions. He died 
in 1706, leaving a widow. Christian Waugh, who married secondly Jc^n 
Hawkins, and had sons (1) Joseph Waugh, (2) John Waugh, (8) Alex- 
ander Waugh, (4) David Waugh. The loss of records breaks the descent, 
but it is certain that William Waugh, of Stafford, was a son of one of 
these. He married Margaret Tyler, daughter of John Tyler, of King 
George County, and had issue Tyler Waugh, bom February 29, 1780; 
Priscilla Waugh, born October 22, 1741; Thomas Waugh, William 
Waugh. Then there was Jos^h Waugh, brother of William Waugli, 
above named, who married, first. Miss Gtowry (?) and had Joseph and 
Gk>wry Waugh; he married, secondly. Million Travers. The will of 
Giles Travers "living in Stafford County" (of record in Prince William 
County) bears date June 1, 1717, and was proved September 11, 1717; 
names daughters Elizabeth, Ann and Million, brother Raleigh Travers 
and son-in-law John Cave. Issue of Joseph Waugh by Million Travers: 
Elizabeth, bom March 31, 1740; Travers, born January 24, 1743. Joseph 
Waugh died September 1, 1747, and his, will was proved in May, 1748, 
and names sons Joseph, Gowry and Travers Waugh. Gowry Waugh 
married a daughter of George Lee Turberville, and his will, proved in 
Stafford, names sons George Lee Waugh and Robert Turberville Waugh, 
He made his friends, John and George Turberville, Thomas Fitzhugb 
and Gkiwin Corbin, Esq., executors. Captain James Waugh died May 
9, 1750, married Betty French, a widow, and had Sarah, baptized June 

Digitized by 


William and Mart College Quabtbrlt. 49 

20, 1744 ; James, born February 4, 1746, died in infancy, and John. He 
mentions in his will his brother, John, son-in-law. Mason French, and 
daughter-in-law, Rachel French. Lastly, Alexander Waugh, senior, 
died in Orange County, and his will was proved in January, 1793; it 
names sons Richard, Alexander, John, Abner; and daughters: Elizabeth, 
wife of Joseph Thomas; Mary, who married first Rev. Musgrave Dawson, 
and had Hon. John Dawson; married secondly, Jones and had Joseph 

11. John Edwards was ancestor of Ninian Edwards, Qovemor of 
Illinois. See Hayden, Virginia Oenealogies, 98. 

12. Daniel Hutt is spoken of in one place as a merchant of London, 
and in another place as Captain of the Mayflower, The above is a 
receipt for his passage over in the Susanna, He settled at Nbminy Bay 
in Westmoreland County, and some years later he mortgaged his estate 
in Virginia to secure 640 pounds, due Sir Francis Chaplin, Sheriff of 
London. This esitate consisted of 1505 acres on Nominy Gey, 27 servants 
and 100 head of cattle upon the premises. He married Temperance 
Gerard, daughter of Dr. Thomas Gerard, in 1669, and his will was 
proved five years later, and names two children, Ann Hutt and Gerard 
Hutt. After his death his widow married John Orabbe, merchant. 
Gerard Hutt died in 1739, and his will names Daniel, Gerard and 
Thomas and wife, Anne, and daughters, Frances, Elizabeth, Susanna 
and Anne, and grandson John Hutt. The Hutt family is represented in 
Westmoreland County by Colonel J. Warren Hutt, who has been for 
many years clerk of the county. From his family Bible I extracted the 
following entries: Elliott Sturman was born November 27, 1759, died De- 
cember 11, 1791; Thomas Hutt was bom January 30, 1766, died Septem- 
ber 2, 1805; Mary Yoimg was born February 29, 1764; William Hutt 
was born December 11, 1801; Joseph Warren, son of William and 
Elizabeth Jane Harvey Hutt, was born May 18, 1829; Mary Hutt, who 
was originally Mary Young, died the 22nd of April 1805; William Hutt, 
father of Joseph Warren Hutt, died the 14th day of April, 1850, in the 
49th year of his age. Marriages: Elliott Sturman married Mary Yoimg 
June 10, 1782; Thomas Hutt married Mary Sturman (widow of Elliott 
Sturman) September 11, 1792; William Hutt, son of Thomas and Mary, 
above named, married to Elizabeth Jane Harvey on January 27, 1828; 
J. Warren Hutt, son of William and E. J. Hutt, was married to Eliza- 
beth Elbert Costin, on March 8, 1854. 


A recent examination of the records of Westmoreland county 
seems to prove that the account of the early generations of the 
Chilton family in the last nnmher of the Quakterly Magazine 

Digitized by 



is not correct. Colonel Thomas Speke patented 900 acres at 
Curryoman Bay in Westmoreland county, September 16, 
1651, and in his will dated December 1, 1659, left the land to his 
son Tbomaa, and in case of his death without heir8> then half 
wae to go to his brother John Speke and the other half to his 
god-son Thomas Gerard, the yonngest eon of CSolonel Thomas 
Gerard, and in case of his death, to the next youngest son, John 
Gerard, and in case of his death without heirs to the next 
youngest sister, and so on. The land descended to John Gerard, 
who sold it to 1 John Chilton, who made his will November 15, 
1706. He names his children 2 Sarah, 3 Mary, wife of John 
Sharpe ( ?) of Lancaster,. 4 Thomas, 5 William and his son John, 
6 John and his son John. 

6. JoHN^ Chilton (John^) made his will July 7, 1726, and 
names his sons 7 John, 8 Thomas. 

8 Thomas* Chilton (John* John^) lived in Cople Parish, and 
made his will September 4, 1765. He names issue 9 Mary Eans- 
dell and her sdn Chilton Bansdell, 10 Hannah Sturman and 
her daughter Jemima, 11 Thomas, 12 William, 13 John, 14 
Charlee, 15 Stephen. He had land in Fauquier county. It 
would appear, then, that Charles Chilton called in the aceoimt 
^^ head of the family ^^ should be this Thomas^ Chilton. His sons 
bore the same names as those of the so-called C3iarles with one 
additional Stephen. The account states that ^'Charles^^ emi- 
grated to Virginia at the restoration of Charles II., which was 
in 1660, and yet his grandson, Orrick Chilton, was born in 1771 1 

Among the notable representatives of the Chilton family was 
Brigadier-General Robert Hall Chilton, of Virginia, who was 
bom about 1816, and entered the Military Ao&demy at West 
Point in 1833. He served in the Mexican and Confederate 
wars with distinguished gallantry. He was brother of John 
Chilton, who was a distinguished lawyer. 

In Quarterly IV., 272, is an account of the Monroes which 
traces the family back to Andrew Monroe, mariner, who com- 

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William and Maby College Quaetbbly. 51 

manded a Pinnace under Cuthbert Fenwick, general agent under 
Lord Baltimore. He took part with Bichard Ingle in 1644, and 
was evidently a Protestant Like many other men in that day, 
he could not write. He removed across the Potomac and settled 
at Appomattox (now Mattox) . Having examined the records of 
Westmoreland more closely, I venture to present the following 
tentative pedigree: 

Andrew^ Mokbob married Elizabeth — and died before 1668, 
leaving issue, according to a deed made by the widow to them, 
2 Elizabeth, who married Bunch Eoe, 3 Susan, 4 Andrew, 6 
Goorge, 6 William. The widow in 1679 had for husband George 

Andrew* Monboe (Andrew^) (bom about 1664) married 
Elinor Spence. Patrick Spence, her father, died in 1686, and 
his widow, Dorcas, married John Jordan, whose will was proved 
January 27, 1696. In 1706 Andrew Monroe made a deed for 
three acres to John Hore, part of a tract patented by his father, 
Andrew Monroe, in 1662. Andrew Monroe married secondly 
about 1707, Sarah, widow of John Elliot His will was dated 
December 30, 1713, and proved May 26, 1714. Issue named in 
John Jordan's will, 7 Elizabeth, married Arrington, and had 
John Arrington; named in his own will, 9 Andrew under 
eighteen, 10 Spence under eighteen, to have a negro, "given him 
by his grandmother Jordan, his silver-halted sword, his drum, 
a gold ring, and a sorrel horee he calls his.'' In his inventory 
are mentioned six case-knives and forks and three large pictures. 

9 Andbhw* Monboe (Andrew* Andrew*) came of age in 1718, 
(court order) ; married Jane Watts, daughter of Richard Watts 
and sister of Margaret Strother and Mary Blackburn, two other 
daughters (see will of Mary (Watts) Chilton, dated April 3, 
1737). He was a merchant, and married secondly in 1762 Mar- 
garet Washington (deed). His will was dated May 11, 1769, 
and proved March 27, 1770. Issue, 11 John Monroe, who mar- 
ried Jane — and had five children : Elliott Monroe, to whom land 
in Loudoun county, John Monroe, Jane Monroe, and Elizabeth 
Monroe. Executors: Dr. James Bankhead, John Ashton and 
Spence Monroe. 


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N*^ ^ 52 William and Maky College Quarterly. 

Of these, probably John Monroe of Fairfax, 'who married 
Sarah Harrison, one of the daughters of William Harrison, of 
Stafford, and whose will was dated July 28, 1785, was one. He 
had a son William and other children. Elliott Monroe^s will, 
dated 1798 is of record in Westmoreland county, and refers to 
infant children. He makes Beckwith Butler and John Wash- 
ington executors. 

10 Spence* Monroe (Andrew* Andrew*) jnade his will Jan- 
uary 15', 1726, and it was proved March 30, 1726. He gives his 
brotiier Andrew his sword and all his wearing clothes, ^Tining 
and woolen,^^ and mentions two small children, and one unborn. 

6 William* Monroe married and his will was 

proved April 26, 1737. He names children: 12 Thomas, and 
grandson Thomas, 13 Gteorge and his son William, 14 Jean Payne 
and grandsons Daniel and William Payne, 15 ''daughter Sarah 
Stone,^' 16 "daughter Mary Stone,'' 17 Anire'm and 'Tiis chil- 
dren, Spence, Andrew and Jane,'' all under eighteen. 

17 Andrew* Monroe^ William,* Andrew^ was sheriflf in 1733. 
He married Christian, (called "Sister" by Joseph Tyler,) who 
obtained an order for administration on his estate November 25, 
1735, with Andrew Monroe Gent, and Joseph Tyler as securities. 

Issue of 20 Andrew* Monroe named in the will of Joseph 
Tyler (dated December 23, 1737), and in that of William Mon- 
roe above: 18 Elinor, who married Dr. James Bankhead, 19 
Sarah, 20 Spence, 21 Andrew, 22 Jane. 

20 Spence Monroe (Andrew,' William,^ Andrew^) was by 
trade a joiner and in rank a captain of militia. He married Eliza- 
beth Jones, sister of Hon. Joseph Jones, who died in Fredericks- 
burg in 1806. The latter was a son of James Jones, "undertaker 
in architecture," whose will was admitted to record in Bling 
George county June 1, 1744, by the oath of the executrix, Hester 
Jones. Esther Jones, the sister of Joseph Jones, married in 
1755, William Tyler of King George county, and had William 
Tyler, who died without issue, James Tyler,* and Blanche Tyler. 
Esther (Jones) Tyler in her will, proved in May, 1770, calls 

•Dr. James Tyler, James Monroe and others were appointed by Joseph 
Jones his executors. 

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Joseph Jones brother/* (In the account in Quaetbrlt IV., 
274, Esther Tyler is confounded with her mother Hester, or 
Esther Jones, widow of James Jones.) Spence Monroe made 
his will February 14, 1774, and names issue, 22 Jakes Mokboe, 
President of the United States, bom April 28, 1758, died July 
4, 1831; 23 Spence, 24 Andrew, eerved in the navy and died 
December 2, 1826; 25 Joseph Jones, 26 Elizabeth, wife of Wil- 
liam Buckner. 

Spence Monroe mentions also "Brother'* Andrew Monroe, 
" Brother-in-Law*' Joseph Jones, and James Bankhead, senior. 
Witnessed by John Tyler. 

The following entries are found in the Eegister of Over- 
wharton Parish, Stafford county: Thomae Monroe married 
Catherine Hore, April 16, 1745; George Hore, their son, bom 
September 3, 1747. Thomas Monroe was baptized November 2, 
1748; Isabel Monroe, daughter of Thomas and Catherine, bom 
November 12, 1751 ; John Monroe married Sarah Harrison Sep- 
tember 23, 1756. 


1. This family of Monroes in the Northern Neck of Virginia^ seems to 
be totally different from a family of the name in Southside Virginia. 
Bev. Andrew Monroe, of Isle of Wight County, married Sarah, daughter 
of Colonel Arthur Smith (will proved in 1697), and had issue living in 
1711, John Monroe, Henrietta Monroe, Sarah Monroe, Mary Monroe. 
{Quarterly VII., 237, 266, 265.) 

2. Rev. John Monroe and his wife. Christian Monroe, were living in 
Virginia in 1700-1725, and their daughter^ Mary, bom January 16, 1708, 
married John Blair, nephew of James Blar, President of William and 
Mary College. (See issue Quarterly VII., 134.) 



Will of George Manfeild, of Virginia, in the parts beyond the seas, 
merchant, now at London. Will 21 May, 1670, proved July 27, 1670. 
To my three sisters^ Anne Sumner, the wife of Francis Sumner; Mary 
Swann, the wife of Collonell Thomas Swannj and Margaret Oldis, wife 

o^ Oldis lOi a-piece. To my cousin Elizabeth Tanner, widow, 10£. 

To my uncle, Mr. John Beale, citizen and grocer of London, 20£. To my 

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54 William and Mart College Quarterly. 

nephew, Francis Sumner, 8on of aforesaid Frands Smnner and Anne, aU 
my lands, Ac, Ac., and aU the rest of my goods at age. Executor: My 
said uncle, John Beale. Witnesses: Charles Barham, David Gryer, 
Phillip Peirson- (See Virgima Magazine XI., 311). In the )mt/t 
Quarterly 3 William 'Edwards is said to have married "Ann 
Mansfield, daughter of George Mansfield.'' It ought to be Aime Mam. 
feUd, $i$t€r of George ManfeiUL Mrs. Mary Swann, the last wife o« 
Col. Thomas Swann, of Swann's Pointy made a power of attorney in 
1681 to "her brother" William Edwards. So it is probable that William 
Edwards was the seamd husband of Anne (Manfeild) Sumner, wife of 
Francis Sumner, mentioned in the will. It is probable that Mrs. Mar- 
garet Oldis, the other sister of George ManfeUd, waa the wife of Wfl- 
liam Oldis, merchant of Isle of Wight County, brother of Vakntiii* 
Oldis citizen and apothecary of London. 

WiU of Micajah Lowe: Micajah Lowe, late of Charles City County, 
in the CoUony and Dominion of Virginia, but now of C^rshaultcm, coun- 
ty Surrey, Merchant. Will 20 January, 1702-3; proved 17 March, 
1703-4. To my unde, Micajah Perry, a gold ring, and to my mother-in- 
law, Mrs. (sic) Elizabeth Hamlin, a gold ring. To my sisters^ Su- 
sanna Lowe, Johanna Jarrett, and Mary Lowe, to each of them a ring. 
To my friends. Certain Christopher Morgan and Captain James Morgan, 
each a ring. Residuary legatee: Wife, Sarah Lowe. Executors; My 
said uncle, Mr. Micajah Perry and my said wife. Witnesses: Sarah 
Barnes, Joseph Cooper, Robert Dalley, Thomas Dewbery. Proved by 
Micajah Perry with power reserved. (See Virginia Magazine XI. 310.) 

My belief is that 6 William * Edwards married either Susanna or 
Mary Lowe, or possibly Sarah, the widow. Johanna Jarrett was the 
wife of John Jarrett of Jamestown, nephew of William Sherwood, and 
I think after his death she married John Tyler and was the mother of 
his children, John, Joanna, Elizabeth Lowe, Mary and Edith. Bee Letters 
and Times of the Tylers, III, 213. 

The following article, contributed by A. C. Gordon, of Staunton, is 
supplementary of what has appeared: 

The Edwards^ pedigree on page 82 of Vol. XV. (October, 
1906) of the QuAKTEKLY may be supplemented by the following 
account, taken from a privately printed "family history^^ by 
the late Colonel Cadwallader Jones, of Columbia, S. C. (1900) : 

"Isaac Edwards" (son of 34, Nathaniel Edwards) "was a 
member with Abner Nash for New Berne (North Carolina), of 
the Provincial Congress in August, 1774, the first Congress that 
met in defiance of royal authority. He was elected to the Con- 

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William and Mary College Quabtbbly. 65 

gress that met April, 1775, bat died before the meeting. (Colonial 
Records of North Carolina^ Vol. IX. pp. 1196.) He was secre- 
tary to Governor Tryon, and Deputy Auditor of the Province 
during the administration of Oovemor Maitin, but hk sympa- 
thies were evidently vritb the Colonies. He m. Mary Cornell, 
daughter of Samud Cornell, member of Tryon's Council and a 
Royalist. Cornell moved to New York, where he left many 
descendants, among them the LeBoys, Qarkeons and Bayards of 
that State. Isaac Edwards and wife Maiy had two daughters — 
Susan, who m. William Wallace, and Rebecca, who m. David 
A. Ogden, of New York. Their daughter Sarah m. Charles B. 
Codman, of Massachusetts. Suky Cornell, daughter of Samuel 
Cornell m. a LeBoy; their daughter was second vdfe of Daniel 
Webster/' (pp. 11 and 12.) 

. Rebecca Edwards (51), daughter of Nathaniel Edwards (34), 
married General Allen Jones, of "Mt. Qallant,'' Northampton 
county. North Carolina, at the head of Eoanoke Falls. He and 
his brotiier, Willie (pronounced "Wiley^') Jones, of "The 
Grove,^^ Halifax county, N. C, were trusted leaders in the strug- 
gle for independence. They were both elected members of the 
Continental Congress ; and both were members of the committee 
in the State Convention which reported the Bill of Bights and 
first Constitution for North Carolina. 

Bebecca Edwards m. General Allen Jones on the 3d of Sep- 
tember, 1768. She was his second wife. They had one child — 
Rebecca Edwards Jones, who married (2d August, 1794) Luns- 
ford Long, son of Colonel Nicholas Long, of Halifax, North 
Carolina, and his wife, Mary McKinnie Long. They had two 
daughters — Rebecca, who m. Colonel Cadwallader Jones, and 
Mary, who m. Dr. William J. Polk- They are both mentioned in 
the will of their grandmother, Mrs. Mary McKinnie Long, dat. 
November, 1814, prob. 1822, Will Bo<* 3, p. 666, Halifax 
county. North Carolina. 

Colonel Gidwallader Jones was a distinguished citizen of 
North Carolina. He moved to South Carolina, and died there 
in 1861. He has many descendants in that and other Southern 
States. His son. Colonel Cadwallader Jones, was the author of 
the " Family History^' above referred to. 


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•' ^ 66 William and Maby College Quabtbblt. 

Dr. William J. Polk, of North Carolina, wae a son of Colonel 
William' Polk, of that State, and hie wife, Griselda Gilchriat; 
and was a half-brother of the Episcopal Bishop and Confederate 
General Leonidas Polk. He has many desoendanite in Kaitncky, 
Arkansas, North Carolina and Louisiana. 


The following interesting statement is furnished by Mr. L. C. 
Christian, attomey-at-law, Houston, Texas. It is very clear that 
Elijah Christian first mentioned was 47 EUjdh* Christian, son of 41 
Charles* Christian, whose will was proved in Qoochland, February 16, 
1794. 41 Charles* Christian was evidently a son of Charles' Christian, 
of Westover Pariah, Charles City county, who was probably son of 
Thomas Christian, of New Kent, the emigrant. See Quabteblt, Vol. 
V. 261-263. Amherst county was created out of Albemarle county in 
1761, and Albemarle from Goochland in 1744. 

My great-granctfather, Elijah Christian, was bom in Amherst 
connty, Virginia, about the year 1758, and died in Madison 
county, (Jeorgia, about the year 1791. He married Miss Eliza- 
beth Britt, in Amherst oounty, Virginia, on the day of 

y 17 — . He had seven brothers and two sisters, whose 

names, as far as known, are as follows : Charles, William (who 
was captured by the British and starved to death on a British 
vessel). Turner, (Jeorge (the names of the three remaining 
brothers being unknown), (a sister), who mar- 
ried Grisson, and (a sister), who 

married Mitchell. 

My great-grandfather and his seven brothers were all in the 
Bevolutionary War, and enlisted from Virginia, They were 
all Whigs in their political faith, and resided along the James 
river, in Virginia. 

My grandfather, Elijah Willis Christian, was bom in Madi- 
son county, (Jeorgia, on the 15th day of January, 1798, and 
died on the 22d day of March, 1874, in Gonzales county, Texas. 
He married Miss Drucilla Willeford, daughter of Nathan Wille- 

•For Christian Family see Quabteblt V., 261; VIL, 110; VTEI., 
70, 122, 265; IX., 47, 243. 

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ford and wife, Martha Willeford (iie6 Wood), on the 

day of September, 1820. He had four brothers and five sifitera^ 
named as follows: Obed, who married' Annie Barnes; William, 
who married Susan Lovejoy; Charies, who married Elizabeth 
Veil; John, who never married; Polly, who married Cornelius 
McCardy, a Methodist minister; Elizabeth, who meuried Dave 
Conley; Jennie, who married John Gaddis; Patsy, who married 
Nick Sewell, and Hannah, who married John Hunter, also a 
Methodist minister. 

My father, Obed Mask Christian, was bom in Madison 
county, Georgia, on the 28th day of June, 1822, and married 
Miss Elizabeth Victoria Green, daughter of William and Han- 
nah Green, in Gonzales county, Texas, on the 16th day of March, 
1860, and now resides on his farm and ranch about six miles 
northeast from the town of Gonzales, Texas. He had three 
sisters and four brothers, named as follows: Eliza Antoinette 
Christian, who was born in Madison county, Georgia, on the 
19tb day of July, 1824. She married James Hannah, son of 
William Hannah and wife, Bebecca Hannah, of Calhoun county, 

Mississippi, on the day of November, 1851, and died in 

Calhoun county, Mississippi, in the fall of 1893. Mary Cal- 
phumia Christian, who was bom on the Slst day of May, 1827, 
in DeKalb county, Georgia. She married Thomas Johnson, son 

of William Johnson and wife, Johnson, of Cherokee 

county, Georgia, on the day of , 1844 (being some 

time during fall of year), and died in Cherokee county, Georgia. 

on the d'ay of May, 1890. John Britt Christian, who was 

bom in Madison county, G^eorgia, on the 11th day of September. 
1829. He married Miss Sarah Ann Gabril, daughter of Jacob 
Gabril and wife, Dollie Gabril, of Calhoun county, Mississippi, 
on the 1st day of January, 1854, and died in Gonzales county, 
Texas, on the 4th day of July, 1898. Martha Elizabeth Chris- 
tian, who was bora on the 12th day of March, 1832, in Troup 
county, Greorgia. She has never married, and now resides on 
her farm in Gonzales county, Texas, about six and one-half 
miles northeast from the town of Gonzales. Elijah Willis 
Christian, who was born in Troup county, Georgia, on the 

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^^^ 68 William and Mary College Quabxbrly. 

22d day of December, 1834. He was never married, and was 
killed in a skirmish with the Federals near Holly Springs, 
Miss., on the 6th day of November, 1862. At the time of his 
death he was a third lieutenant in the Confederate army. Wil- 
liam Osbond Christian, who was bom on the 10th day of March, 
1837, in DeKalb county, Georgia, married Mrs. Amanda 
McCrowey, of Calhoun county, Mississippi, on the — day of 

, 1867, and died in Talahatchie county, Mississippi, on 

the — day of , 1901. Nathan Jeptha Christian, who 

was bom in Cherokee county, Georgia, on the 27th day of April, 
1839, married Miss Sarah Elizabeth Squires, ^ughter of Ira 
Squires and wife, Margaret Squires, on the 2d day of Sep- 
tember, 1866, and now resides on his farm and ranch about 
seven miles northeast from the town of Gtonzales. 

My father, Obed Mask Christian, and my mother, Elizabeth 
Victoria Christian, have eleven children, three boys and eight 
girls, named as follows: Martha Jane Christian, who was bom 
on the 16th day of March, 1862, in Gonzales county, Texas. 
She married P. K. Wright, son of Thomas M. and Mary Ann 
Wright, of Gonzales county, Texas, on the 17th day of October, 
1883, and now resides in the town of liockhart, Caldwell county, 
Texas. Amanda Louellen, who was bom on the 27th day of 
December, 1865, in Gonzales county, Texas. She married 
Henry Clay Mangum, son of Benjamin Franklin and Nancy 
Boulden Mangum, of Gonzales county, Texas, on the 10th day 
of November, 1886, and now resides on their farm about nine 
miles northeast from the town of Gonzales. Lucullus Forrest, 
who was bom on the 3d day of December, 1867, in Gonzales 
county, Texas, is unmarried, and resides with his father and 
mother on the old homestead about six miles northeast from 
the town of Gonzales, in Gonzales county, Texas. Mary East 
was bom on the 2d day of December, 1869, in Gonzales county, 
Texas. She married B. W. Cobb, of St Clair county, Alabama, 
on the 24th day of December, 1890. Her husband is now dead, 
and she resides in Yoakum, DeWitt county, Texas. Laura West 
was bom on the 2d day of December, 1869, in Gonzales county, 
Texas. She married John T. J. Martin, son of John C. and 

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William and Mary Collegb Quarterly. 69 ^' 

M^artha Martin, of Putnam county, Georgia, on the 20tli day of 
April, 1898, and now resides in El Paso, Texas. Sarah Dul- 
cenia was bom on the 10th day of April, 1872, in Gonzales 
county, Texas. She married T. A. Beese, son of Henry and 
Anna Beese, of Gonzales county, Texas, on the 12th day of 
February, 1896, and now resides in Yoakum, Dewitt county, 
Texias. Hannah Elizabeth was bom on the 27th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1874, in (Jonzales county, Texas. She married A. J. 
Phelps, son of S. R. and Christiana C. Phelps, on the 29th day 
of October, 1896, and now resides in the town of Alamogordo, 
New Mexico. Elsie Lee was bom on the 21st day of December, 
1876, in Gonzales county, Texas. She married James M. Gar- 
diner, son of Samuel K. and Eliza Gardiner, of Colorado county, 
Texas, on the 29th day of October, 1896, and now resides in the 
town of Alamogordo, New Mexico. Lycurgus Cleburne was 
bora on the 5th day of September, 1880, in Gonzales county, 
Texas. He is unmarried, and now resides in the city of Hous- 
ton, Harris county, Texas. Lybertas Green was bom on 27th 
day of November, 1882, in Gonzales county, Texas. He mar- 
ried Miss Clara Vaughn, daughter of Pelham and Tennessee 
Vaughn, of Gonzales county, Texas, on the 16th day of May, 
1904, and now resides on his farm about five miles northeast 
from the town of Waelder, Gonzales county, Texas. Bonnie 
Brucilla was born on the 30th day of November, 1885, in Gon- 
zales county, Texas. She is unmarried, and now resides with 
her father and mother on the old homestead, about six miles 
northeast from the town of Gonzales, in Gonzales county, Texas. 

In the latter part of the seventeenth century Baron Christo- 
pher de Graffenreidt, of Switzerland, conceived the design of 
settling in North Carolina a colony of Palatines and Swiss 
who had taken refuge in England from persecution. The first 
shipment was of Palatines, and was made in January, 1700. 
One of the vessels, loaded with valuable goods, was captured by 

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60 William and Maby College Quabtebly. 

a French cruiser, but the rest arrived in safety. Tie Baron 
did not accompany this expedition, but waited till June, and 
went in company with the second, which brought over some 
Swiss. He planted his colony on the Neuse river, and called 
the settlement New Berne, after the place of his birth. In 
September, 1711, the Tuscarora Indians attacked the inhabi- 
tants in North Carolina, and killed sixty of De Graffenreidfs 
settlers. He and the Surgeon-General of North Carolina, 
Thomas Lawson, were taken prisoners by the Indians, and were 
bound to a stake, with bare heads and in front of a great fire. 
Before them was a conjurer performing his incantations — ^a 
wolfskin by which an Indian savage of hideous aspect stood 
motionless, with a knife in one hand and an axe in the other; 
he was the executioner. Further on, upon the other side of the 
fire was a great mob who danced with fearful contortions. The 
sun was about to set, when the Baron, knowing that among 
them was an Indian who understood English pretty well, made 
a short discourse, 8a3dng that if they took his life the Queen of 
England would avenge it. Moreover, he asked' them if, accord- 
ing to their laws, they could put to death a king; that he was 
king of the Palatines. The sequel was that he was spared, and 
they executed Lawson — ^the same who had published A Diary 
and Description of North Carolina. The Baron was kept a 
prisoner for six weeks, and at length he made a treaty of peace 
with them, in which he pledged himself" and colony to preserve 
an attitude of neutrality. This rendered him unpopular to the 
other North Carolina settlers, and they would afford him neither 
provisions nor assistance. He sent a vessel to obtain supplies 
from Pennsylvania, but on the way back (loaded with flour, 
leaf-tobacco and some powder) the vessel caught fire and blew 
up. De Qraffenreidt sold out his interest to Thomas Pollock for 
£800, and with many of his Palatines came to Virginia in May, 
1712. On the advice of Spotswood he soon after returned to 
Europe to settle his aflfaiis, while Spotswood made a settlement 
of his followers at Qermanna. De Qraffenreidt died not long 

The following genealogical account may be of interest: 

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William and Mart College Quabtebly. 61 ^ - ^ 

1. Baeok Christopher^ Db Graefenreidt was bom 
November 21, 1661, and his wife, Eegina Tscharner, December 
7, 1666. They were married April 26, 1684. They had issue: 
2. Christopher^ De Oraffenreidt, Jun., who married in Charies- 
ton, S. C, Pebniary 22, 1714, Barbara Tempest Needham, born 
in Heriifordshire, England. They moved to Williamsburg, Va., 
where they had issue: 3. Tscharner, bom November 28, 1723 
and baptized by Commissary Blair. His godfathers were Hon. 
Nathaniel Harrison, Hon. Cole Digges, Hon. Philip Ludwell 
and Lady Harrison. They kept an ordinary in Williamsburg. 
In 1734 he was living in Prince George county and patented 
lands in Brunswick county. Mrs. Barbara De GraflEenreidt sur- 
vived her husband, and in 1739 the Virginia Gazette has notices 
of '^assemblies'* and other entertainments had by her at her 
home in Williamsburg. 

3. Tsoharner* De Graffenreidt (Christopher,* Christo- 
pher^) lived in Lunenburg county, where his will is recorded, 
dated February, 1774, and proved April 10, 1794. He is said 
to have married twice — (1) Mary Baker, (2) Lucretia Tumer, 
and, according to his will, had issue (probably by first wife) : 
4. Metcalfe^ "very disobedient, and cut oflE for insulting his gray 
hairs/^ 5. Tscharner, 6. Allen, 7. Christopher, 8. William, 9^ 
Francis, 10. Mary, who married Miller Woodson, clerk of Cumber- 
land county, in 1788 (see (Quarterly X.'191) ; 11. Patty, mar- 
ried Strong ; 12. Eegina, who married Jonathan Pattesson, 

13. Sarah, married Hopson; and he also had the following 

three children, probably by his second wife, Lucretia Tumer, 
'^sister to Hallcott Turner^* : 14. Lucretia Jones De Graffenreidt, 
15. Catharine Jenner De GraflEenreidt, 16. Nancy Needham De 
Graffenreidt. To son Christopher he gave his "two steel seals 
plated with silver, and his golden medaP; to son William 'Tiis 
silver watch and golden seal, and also his new saddle, saddle 
cloth and bridle." To eons Allen and Christopher £1,000 in the 
hands of the Board of Orphans in Switzerland. He made his 
son William, and friends Jonathan Pattesson, Hallcott Tumer, 
and Sharp Lamkin his executors. 

4. Metcalfe* De Grapfenbeidt (Tschamer,* Christopher,* 

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62 William and Mary College Quabibbly. 

Christopher^) married Mary Maury, daughter of Abralwim and 
Sufianna (Poindeiter) Maury, and moved to Tennessee, and had 
descendants distinguished in the wars of 1812 and 1861. He 
died in Williamson county, Tennessee. For descendants see 
Stubbs, Early Settlers of Alabama, 310. 

Sally, daughter of Miller Woodson and Mary De Graflten- 
reidt, married Judge Creed Taylor, who kept a famous law 
school at his home, " Needham," in Cumberland county. 

From Baron De Grafifenreidt, through Miller Woodson and 
Mary De Graffenreidt, his wife, is descended the famous au- 
thoress of Bichmond, Miss Ellen Glasgow. 

Wm. Augustine Washington to Alexander Spotswood.* 

Rook Hill, July 18, 1806, 
Dear Sir, 

I received a letter from my son, Bushrod, to-day, in which 
he requests I would mention in a letter to you, the same aa I had 
done to him in my letter of July 8th, written in consequence of 
perusing one from you to him of the 5th July. 

In that letter I mentioned I shall put him in possession the 
first of next year of the plantation I purchased of Mr. Henry 
Washington, and the fields ad joinings which I purchased of Mr. 
Marye, with stock and plantation utensils of every kind, and 
twenty some odd negroes. I shall put in his small grain thiB 
fall and place a sufficiency of com and provender on the place 
for the support of it. This I intend for his present support. 
Whatever else I can do for him must depend on circumstances. 

*William Augustine Washington was son of Augustine Washing- 
ton, half brother of General Washington, and Anne Ayiett. He mar- 
ried his cousin Jane, eldest child of John Augustine Washington (Qen. 
Washington's full brother) and Hannah Bushrod. Another paper 
states that Bushrod Washington was married in Augusta in 1S06, and 
lived at *'Rock Hill," and took his farm, "Laurel Grove," into pos- 
session January, 1S07. He was nephew of Judge Buehrod Washington. 
Eleanor Washington, sister of William Augustine Washington, mar- 
ried General Alexander Spotswood. 

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William and Mart College Quarterly. 63 

What I may be able to give, it is impossible for me to say until 
my debts are paid, but this I will say, that he shall have equal 
justice with the rest of my children, and should I live to see my 
debts paid, I will immediately convey to him a full child^s part 
of whatever I possess, exclusive of the dower which his mother 
will be entitled to, and whidi he shall have a right to his pro- 
portion at her death. Should he die before me, his wife sImiU be 
entitled to dower in what is here intended for him and his 
children shall inherit it. Also, should either of his brothers or 
his sister die before they marry or come of age and have chil- 
dren, he shall be entitled to his proportion of their shares. 

I can say no more at present on this subject than that I have 
much at heart the happiness of my son and his future interest 
and welfare. 

I am much pleased to hear my sister is so much better. God 
grant her a perfect restoration to health and a long continuance 
of it. 

Present Mrs. W. and myself affectionately to her and the 
rest of your family. 

I am, Jy Sir, sincerely your most ob* ser*, 

Wm. Aug* Washington. 

P. S. — I have a perpetual gout all most, and fear I shall 
never be better. I am much weakened & reduced & have been 
seven months confined to my room. W. A. W. 

Addressed to Gen. Alexander Spotswood, Newport, near 
Fredericksburg, Virginia. Post-marked George, Col. 

(CJoDtinued from Vol. XIV., 253.) 

Sunday, 7 January, 1776. Observations upon the marriage 
of his daughter Lucy to Mr. Colston : 

He gives her 800 £ sterling as her portion, and would make 
a settlement upon her if Mr. Colston^s entailed estate was re- 
stricted by the donor. " Certainly, then, these must be deemed 
the terms of my consenting to the match. Accordingly the wed- 

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"^^ 64 -William and Mart College Quarterly. 

ding takes eflEect, and as eoon as I saw Mr. Colston was desirous 
of oarrying his wife home, I told him, as I had understood he 
wanted a few elaves to stock Ms plantation better, I intended, 
the crop after this, to give him 6 slaves, w^ch should be valued, 
and their value to be received as a part of the £800 sterling. 
This he expressed a seeming desire should be done. Accord- 
ingly, I offered my wench Prankey, who used to wait on my 
daughter, to be taken as one. Lucy said there did not seem to 
be any occasion ; the wench was a fine wprk woman, and would 
be wanted to work for me as her mother was now in a measure 
past it. Therefore, she only desired Frankey for a few days 
till she could instruct Mr. Colston's girl intended for the house. 
This was accordingly done, and after 7 or 8 days the wench 
returned. At this visit my daughter told me she must take her 
word back again, and desired she might have Frankey on the 
terms I at first offered her. I agreed to this, as I found all 
parties willing, and then I asked my daughter if she knew how 
Mr. Homsby had given the house and land. She ftnswered Mr. 
Colston's widow, ini case of such an accident, was somehow 
provided for, but could not tell how. Yesterday I communi- 
cated this conversation to Colston, adding that I wanted to be 
satisfied how by Mr. Homsby's gift of the house, &c., his widow, 
possibly without children, was to be provided for; and he an- 
swered she was only to be maintained out of that estate during 
her life. I then replied that the negroes at least I should let 
him have as a part of her fortune ought to be settled upon his 
wife ; and he then actually told me, to be sure it was most rea- 
sonable they should be so done, and begged I would get such an 
instrument. I told him any lawyer could easily draw such an 
one and repeated to him the purport of it. Our conversation 
ended with seeming satisfaction. But in the evening I dis- 
covered a dulness in him, and only asked if he was unwell, and 
was answered he was very well. I said no more, believing his 
dulness was an effect of something natural in him. But this 
morning, when alone, he told me he believed he was a little too 
hasty yesterday in consenting to the negroes being settled on his 
wife ; for in such a case he said he should have no power over them 

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William and Mary College Quabteblt. 65 

to part with them as he shotdd think proper; aad her whole for- 
tune might as urell have been settled upon her, which he could 
not have done if I had at first demanded it; because he was in 
debt for a tract of adjoining land w'ch he had bought. I became 
serious and spoke to this effect: S% I have treated you rather 
more like a gentleman than you at first did me before you had 
engaged my daughter's affections, but imputing this to love 
and bashfulness, I thought nothing about it, but did not my 
conversation ab't her fortune before marriage tend to know 
whether the donor of your estate had not restrained the law as 
to a widow^s dower out of entailed lands; and did not that imply 
a eettlement on my child, if you had told me then it did ? How, 
then, now you do tell me it does, can you wish I had demanded 
this settlement at first, because you would not have agreed to it? 
Was there an equal or a greater temptation to a fortune in such 
a matter as your estate, then there was in other gentleman's 
fortunes who have married my daughters? The gift to you 
only saying your widow shall be maintained out of the estate 
given away if you died without heirs, must either leave my child 
in the power of others as of the law, and what would this differ 
from a parent's throwing his child into a river that some kind 
hand might save her from drowning? He then told me that 
his wife thought there would be no manner of occasion for such 
a settlement. I answered she seemed to reason as he did in the 
present moment in the full shine of a honeymoon, but things 
of this sort should extend, and could be only meant after hi$ 
death, when, perhaps, the moons of others might never shine on 
his widow. However, said I, don't disturb yourself. Your wife, 
out of weakness, might, seeing your uneasiness, tell you so; but 
no prudent parent ought to do so. But if you want to be at 
liberty to leave her a beggar, should you chose it, for God's sake 
do it. He offered then to leave the fortune in my hands. I re- 
plied. No, fl', no one shall ever have an opportunity of dieclaring 
any thing with a face so interested as that must appear. I will 
let you have the 6 negroes the next crop, as I promised, and 
Prankey shall go now agreeable to y' desire. He then asked me 
at whait value? I began then to see, & replied to be sure a very 

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healthy wench and a fine workwoman must be of much more 
value than an outworker. And so our conversation ended. It 
may be somethings at this time^ a little inoonsidierate in this 
gentleman, but I cannot help crowding myself with some doubts 
only to be trusted to myself, but I will be honest and prudent 
to booh. I can^t but still condemn Lucy's too easy confidence in 
others; at the same time she seems to suspect her father, but 
before the God whom I now write, I mean nothing but a real 
parental care. They went home this day. I think I every day 
see stronger reasons for my great caution in this world. 

9. Tuesday. A most blustering morning indeed. Last night 
CoP John Lee, of Essex, and M' Phil Smith, of Westmoreland, 
came here. This morning, cold and blowing as it was, as Colo. 
Tayloe was just returned from Chantilly, we went to hear the 
news from Rich* Henry Lee, saw a paper from Philadelphia & 
one from Maryland chiefly filled with the Virginia acoots of 
Dunmore's sometime past, & also the Proceedings of the Con- 
gress too formal & particular to be easily remembered. Mr. 
Smith remembered to have seen a Dunlop paper which had given 
an acco't. of the spittal field weavers exercising under arms to 
assist America, but forgot the date. 

Dr. Jones had also written from town to the Colo^ but only 
dated it on a Saturday, and speaks of a false alarm, but does 
not mention what it was, and tells of two topsail vessels, val- 
uable prizes, sent up by Capt. Barron, taken by his armed pilot- 
boat with only two swivels and some armed men. 

Much was advanced about the honesty of Posey who brought 
the news of Norfolk being burnt by L* Dunmore & the men-of- 
war, tho' Jones does not say a syllable about it. 

12. Friday. Wrote to Eobin & D' Jones by Col. R. H. Lee. 

18. Thursday. On Sunday last I sent my wench Prankey 
to my daughter Colston, but as I was alarmed about Homsby^s 
gift to her husband in w'ch it was represented to me die was, 
if his widow, only to be maintained out of it, I could only tell 
her I did not give up my rights in her. On this, when the 
boat came back, which was not till Wednesday morning, with a 
pretence of getting 9 bushels of very indifferent oysters, I rec'd 

Digitized by 


WiLUAM AND Mary Collbqb Quabtebly. 67 

a letter from my daughter very simple evidence only for the 
sake of some filial ill usage. At the same time Homsby's will 
was sent, in w'ch it is mentioned the widow of the person dying 
in possession of the estate shall enjoy the house and be suitably 
maintained out of the estate, and the children educated out of 
it; as this word "suitably'^ well means with serv'ts also I shall 
give or sell my rights in the slaves I let Colston have. 

My grandson, in his ramblings about, met H. Muse, and 
heard from him that Banks, the agent, had bro't to Essex 
C!ourt: the convention was to break up this week; that Dun- 
more, in the exchange of pri^ners proposed, only oflfer^d a cake 
boy that was with Hutchings for Lieut. Battut (?), w** so 
affronted him and the rest of the grenadiers that, as they were 
so kindly treated by the Virginians, as ^oon as they were well 
of their wouncLs they would enter in the service of America. 
This Banks also bro't news of three large top*sail vessels being 
in the bay, imagined by some to be the northern vessels of war 
w*^** were expected to attack Dunmore & the men-of-war here, 
but nobody knew, and they might as well be other vessels of war 
come to prevent that, for this intended step w«i£ known to the 
northward before it got here. 

Oola B. H. Lee, in his way to town from Frazer's, sent 
newspapers with nothing more in them than what Banks had 
told, that Qosport, the whok town, Tucker's Mills and all And. 
Sprowle's houses were burnt by our people as his Excellency 
had burned down Norfolk. All the men-of-war kept a vast 
firing to prevent it, but without any effeet. 

2. Friday, February, 1776. Bemarks on his sheep and their 
^'yeanning^^ so late : 

^* I do know that for many years I used to eat house lamb 
by the 12 of the month." 

Different since he had Messenger, the old Wiltshire farmer, 
to whom Colonel Carter does not give a good character. 

*'My son attempted to make saltpetre out of his tobacoo- 
house and cellar earths, but for want of knowledge of separating 
the common salt and saltpetre he left off. 

2. Saturday, February, 1776. Issues a warrant to stop Gar- 
land, the surveyor, & Charles Barber, his instigator, from again 

I "^^ 

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68 William and Maby Collbqb Quabtbrlt. 

surveying Mr. Carter's Totuskey land by the illegal warrant, 
issuing from the proprietor's oflBee. '* They take advantage of 
the present months, when all civil courts are shut up, to disturb 
people in their long quiet possessions, because by these surveys 
they get patten/ts, then a possession, and as there are no courts 
open to remove them the quiet possessors dispossessed.'* 

Mr. Carter, in consequence of this, ordered his overseer first 
to etop them, which he did, but by thedr proceedings he was 
obliged to direct vigorous means to tend to preserve his property. 

"This coming to my knowledge, as a magistrate sworn to 
preserve the peace, I took up m' surveyor & the instigator, 
having first twice advised them of the illegality of such warrants, 
and upon their refusing to give bond, committed them to the 
custody of the sheiiflf till next court. I vnx)te to Mr. Parker, as 
a lawyer and friend to Mr. Carter, & Mr. Power to come & be 
ready to defend the service of the warrant, if iH comes to a hear- 
ing next Monday, on court-day. 

In the contest for the captaincy, 1st lieutenant, 2* dio, & 
ensigncy for this new company regulars raised in Lancaster 
district, the candidates being equal in the committee, Mitchel 
and Pauntleroy went to the Committee of Safety. Ball was 
dfedaied captain, Pauntleroy !■* lieut., Towles 2* lieut. & Bob 
Beale ensign. When Pauntleroy arrived he brot an express that 
Gen* Montgomery was killed with 100 men at Quebec & 200 
taken prisoners, and says it came from the Congress. I don't 
dispute the thing but that Congress may have been deceived, 
for they had wrote before that Quebec was takenj by Arnold, 
and may be as much deceived now for what is as yet said. And 
if it is true, was not Warren slain at the battle of Bunker Hill 
& full as many men ; and yet not a province has lost spirit. 

3. Saturday, Pebruary, 1776. It is really so cold this day 
near 12 that with a cloak wrapped round me I could not walk 
about 1 mile in my piazza. Indeed, there seems to be no warmth 
within the sun, and, as to my clock, except when the chaffmg 
disfi is kept under it, it hardly goes. Another last year's latter 
lamb dead & another dying with the cold. I wish the association 
had not prevented the eating them. Pind it impossible to keep 
the latter lambs falling about July or August through the suc- 

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William and Mary College Quaetbbly. 69 

ceeding winter. I have had great experience this year, for 8 
of this sort of lambs fell to my lot, and, though housed every 
night, fed with meal and littered with clean rice straw, three 
already dead and the rest in a way of death. However, there is 
this to be observed: Such palates are so depraved that to give 
leave to kill even the latter only will be a means of indulgence 
to kill fine lambs. Upon the whole, then, it may be better to 
let the poor lambs run the chance of death, however certain, 
than run a certain chance of having fine lambs devoted to the 

4. Sunday, February, 1776. A steady cold day, with a clear 
sky, even till 10 o'clock. 

6. Tuesday, February, 1776. I have heard Colo. Andrew 
Lewis refused to receive a command from his country, because 
they have so contrived it that he should be under the command 
of those whom he had in the war actually commanded. It is a 
great pity that those thus advanced should not submit to so 
approved and experienced an ofecer; but yet I do hope that as it 
is his country that calls him he may endeavor to wave such ^ 
slur It will then show him superior to himself. 
(To be continued,) 


Readb.— "Bev. Robert Reade (Quarterly XIV., 121, 281) 
obtained a license in- 1767 to preach in Coventry Parish in Som- 
erset and Worcester counties, Maryland, vacated by the death 
of Rev. Nathaniel Whitaker (MS. Md. Archives, Book 82). 
inducted as minister of AUhallows Parish, Worcester county 
(Ibid. p. 204). He was less than a month at Allhallows, when 
he was transferred to St. PauFs, Kent county, a better cure. 
In 1776 he was still at St. Paulas Parish (Perry, Papers Re- 
lating to the Church in Maryland (p. 346). It is possible that 
his will is recorded in Kent county, Md. Write to James E. 
Morris, register of wills, Chestertown, Md.*^ — Dr. Christopher 
Johnston, Baltimore, Md. 

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70 William and Mary Gollegb Quartbrlt. 

ViviN OB Vivian. — Wanted the parents of Thacker Vivian, 
born probably in Middlesex county, Virginia ; married 1760-'68 
Mary Brock, bom probably in Spotsylvania county, Virginia. 
He was grandson of William Orvil and Joseph Brock, of Spot- 
sylvania, in 1768. Also the children of John Vivian and Jane 
Smith, married in Middlesex 12th August, 1736. Wanted, the 
parents of Captain John Vivian, of Orange county, Virginia, 
who went to Clarke county, Kentucky, in 1780 ; also, the name 
of his wife. — Mary H. Benning, 1420 Broad street, Columbus, O. 

1. Henry Thacker married Eltonhead Conway, daughter of 
Colonel Edwin Conway. They had issue: 2. Henry, 3. Edwin, 
4. Mariiha, 5. Lettice, 6. Alice and 7. Chicheley Corbin Thacker, 

2. Henry Thacker, born August 19, 1663; died before 1714; 

married Elizabeth , who died May 22, 1714. . They had 

issue: Elizabeth, bom December 3, 1694, married June 19, 1712, 
John Vivian (Middlesex Parish Vestry Book, p. 82), Captain 
Henry, Martha, Chicheley Curi;is, Lettice and Anne. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Thack^r's will was proved in Middlesex county, July 
6, 1714, and mentions her five daughters — Elizabeth Vivian, 
Frances Thacker, Mariha, Lettice and Anne; mentions brother 
William Daingerfield and son-in-law John Vivian. John 
Vivian and Elizabeth Thacker had issue — John, bom August 
10, 1710; Elizabeth, born August 17, 1717; Elizabeth, born 
May 4, 1719. Of these, John Vivian married Jane Smith 
August 12, 1735. It is probable that the latter two were 
parents of Thacker Vivian, living in Spotsylvania county in 
1766. Elizabeth Vivian, sister of John Vivian (second of the 

name) probably married Brooking, and their son, Vivian 

Brooking, made his will in Amelia county in 1808. 

Bricks. — The bond in brick houses in Virginia before 1710 
was known as the " English bond." It consisted of alternate 
courses of brick laid lengthwise, and headers with a bluish glaze. 
After 1710 the ^^ Flemish bond'* became popular, which con- 
sisted of bricks placed lengthwise alternating in the same course 
with glazed headers. In modem building the bricks are placed 
lengthvrise and bound every seventh course vrith plain headers. 

Broughton. — In the visitation of Staffordshire, 1663-^64, a 

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William and Mary CoLLEaE Quarterly. 71 ^ ' i 

pedigree of Broughton and of Whittington has mention of 
"Francis Broughton now in Virginia," 1664. (Communicated 
by Kate Mason Eowland.) 

Memoirs of Yorktown. — See Quarterly, October number;. 
1906, pp. 73-77. Dr. Joseph Lyon Miller, Thomas, W. Va., 
writes : " I little dreamed the old letters in their ^revised^ state 
would be taken seriously by any one, or ever be honored with 
a place in an historical magazine, else they had never been 
printed in any but their original form. 

"After seeing the Quarterly I bad intended writing you a 
correct version, before the next issue of the Quarterly, but 
having plenty of time had not done so before your letter arrived. 
The story pari; of the letters is fiction, but the remainder of the 
letters as printed is copied verbatim, excepting the address. 
Western Ogil Manor,' from the original letters. 

^' The first letter, as printed,^ is gen-uine from the beginning 
(with the noted exception) to, and including the sentence, *Gen- 
eral Washington is expected in camp to-day, he having been to 
visit the Count De Grasse.' The next sentence in the original 
being, ^News came to-day that Lord Bawton, who was on his 
way to South Carolina, has been captured,' etc., etc., from which 
the letter continues to the end as printed. The second letter, 
likewise, is genuine from the beginning to and including the 
word 'success' in the sentence, * The army is much joyed at the 
success,' completed in the original by *of our arms.' Following 
this comes the sentence, *I don't know where we will go when 
Lord C. surrenders,' etc., etc., to the end of the letter as printed. 
In other words, cut out the love story of the letters and you 
have the letters as they are. The letters are not now in my pos- 
session, and I haven't seen them for ten years. The above oor-i 
rections are made from a copy, but I think I could, with some 
trouble and expense, get a photograph of them, if you still have 
a 'doubting Thomas.' At the time they appeared in the Times, 
I had a conversation with Mr. William G. Stanard, of Rich- 
mond, in which I told him the letters, as printed were not 

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72 William and Mabt College Quarterly. 


Virginia Scholarship experienced a severe loss in the death of 
Edward Wilson James, which occurred in Norfolk, Virginia, Octo- 
ber II, 1906. He was the son of John James, formerly merchant 
of Norfolk, and Mary Moseley Hunter, his wife. He was descended 
from early emigrants to Virginia; among whom may be mentioned 
John James, who patented land in Lower Norfolk in 1680- 1682, 
Henry Woodhouse, son of Henry Woodhouse, governor of the 
Bermuda Islands, (who was a son of Sir Henry Woodhouse and 
Anne Bacon, half-sister to Sir Francis Bacon), James Wilson, Fran- 
cis Mason and James Dauge (now rendered Dozier), the last a French 
Huguenot. He was educated at Roanoke College in 1866-1868, and 
traveled in England and France. He was a member of the Phi 
Beta Kappa Society of William and Mary College, of the Virgfinia 
Historical Society (being one of the Executive Committee), of the 
American Historical Association, and of the American Geograpical 
Society. He was a director in the Norfolk City Gas Light Com- 
pany, and one of the directors of the Norfolk City Library. 

He was remarkable for several praiseworthy traits of character. 
The first was his patriotism. There were few men as well informed 
upon the story of the past of Virginia. The publication of the 
"Lower Norfolk County Antiquary" was a demonstration of his 
affection, as was also his noble charity to the University of Vir- 
ginia. He did not ask a price for his Magazine, nor was he an 
alumnus of the University, but his ambition was to contribute in 
the best way to the honor of his native State. 

By his splendid gift to the University (which will probably 
amount to $250,000) he set an example to other men of wealth. 

His second marked trait was his regard for truth. He had the 
character of the exact historian; and perhaps no other work of 
its kind has fewer errors than "The Lower Norfolk County Anti- 
quary," of which he was editor and proprietor. Historians will 
not soon forget his really valuable and devoted labors. 

His third noble trait was his faith in his friends. As a true man 
he hated insincerity, but was tenderly responsive to any kindness; 
and the numerous bequests made by him to friends were intended 
as simple mementos of sympathetic fellow feelings. The writer 
was one of those who was favored with his confidence through 
many years, and now gladly testifies to his character as a good, 
high, honorable and useful man.— The Editor. 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Vol. XV- No. 4. 

I -^ j> w - 

April, 1907 

Milliam anb flibarv 

(ToUeae ©uarterl^ 

TOstodcal ♦ fIDaoastne, 

Bdltot : Xi^on (B. H^lec, It. Bm X X. B*, 

^reatdent of vnillUim and ifiatv College. 

IdilUam and /l^at^ CoUeae, 'CQlilUameburg, Va* 

Cops Of tbia Vlumber, SI.OO. 

$3.00 pet iffear* 

[Bntered %b t«oond-cl&as m&tter at tUe Poet Offlce in WiUlamsbtirff.] 

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William and Mary Colleg^e 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XV. APRIL, 1907. No. 4. 


Observations in Several Voyages and Tbaveuh in America m 

THE Year 1736, 216 

Letters to Thomas Walker Gilmer, 226 

Explorations Betond the Mountains, 234 

ViBOiNiA Students of Medicine at the University of Mabt- 

LAND, 242 

Venable Family, 240 

Beqister op St. James Nobtham Pakish, Goochland Countt, 

Virginia, 249 

Marbiaoe Bonds in Amelia County, 256 

Journal of the President and Masters or Professors of Wil- 
liam AND Mary College 264 

Chilton Family, 270 

William Dunlop's Library 276 

Historical and Genealogical Notes, . 279 

Digitized by VjQOQIC 

TKIlilUam anb Abat^ CoIIcde 

^uarterli? Distorical flDagasine* 

Vol. XV. APRIL, 1907. No 4. 

(From The London Magaeine, July, 1746.) . 
(Continued from pag« 158.) 

In living the Lowlands of Maryland, and passing into Vir- 
ginia^ you find the Scene greatly alter'd; and Hills and Dales, 
with more freqnent Plantations, seem, entirely, to take off the 
Rudeness of the Country^s aspect. The Roads, also, thro' the 
two Counties of Acomoco and Northampton, save here and 
there, are equal to most in England; tho' not near so commo- 
dious, as in the Counties on the other Side of the Bay. You 
pass over several considendble Rivers, and Branches, and find 
many lofty and commodious Bridges; whilst the same Hospital* 
ity, Simplicity and Honesty reigns amongst the Inhabitants, 
as in the Part of Maryland I have just traced; Indeed, you find 
greater, and more considerable Marks of Opulency; and we be- 
gin to regale with ^cellent Wines, and good Brandies and Rum, 
and, here and there, with English Porter, which is imported 
generally in Bottles. Trade, also, seems to flow in a brisker 
Channel, and the Stores of the Merchants to be better pro- 
vided; nor €ire the (Jenitlemen a little vain, of their being of the 
King's Government, and look down with an Air of Contempt^ 
upon the neighbouring Patentee Colonies. 

iThe gentleman, who haa appeared in our collection, under the char- 
acters of AmericuB, Cynicus, Cimber, HistoricuB, is the au^or of the 
Itinerant ObeervationB in America. 

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216 William and Mary Quarterly. 

The Inliabitaiits on- the Western Shore, are suppl/d with 
prodigious Quantities of Beef, Pork, and Grain from this East- 
em Shore, as they call them, by Way of Distinction; to whom 
they give, also, ironically, the Epithet of Buckddns, alluding 
to their Leather Breeches, and the Jackets of some of the Com- 
mon People; which is, all over Virginia, as great a Eeproach, 
as in England', to call a Man Oaf, or Clown, or LubberkiiL This 
Eastern Shore is a Neck of Land, resembling a Peninsula, hav- 
ing its Junction, in about 40® If. with the Main Land, some- 
what above Annapolis, near Baltimore and Elsingburgh, upon 
the Frontiers of Pensilvania, where the Delaware Bay, and 
Biver, forms, to the East, and the Heads of Chesapeak Bay, to 
the Westward, a kind of Isthmus; and thenoe trending away 
South-Easterly, terminates at Cape Charles, nearly in Lat. 37®, 
and is one of the Arms, that confines the Noblest Bay in the 
Universe, tho^ with all Winds it is not so convenient to ride in, 
as having a dangerous Plenty of Sands, Sholes, and Beefs, that 
have proved very often full of Distress. In this Bay, the whole 
Navies of Great Britain, Holland and France might ride at 
Anchor; it being, from Magidi Bay to the Entrance of York 
River, more than 20 Miles over; and into which, a Number of 
the noblest navigable Rivers disembogue themselves, which you 
may, as far as Eyes can reach, see overspread with waving 
Forests of European Vessels, and a lesser Tribe, who trade from 
Shore to Shore, and exchange their own Products for those of 
their Neighbours. The common Harbour of the Men of War, 
in this Station is Sarah's Creek, on the Glocester Side of York 
River; which a late Commander, the thrice renownM Sir Yel, 
Peace be to his Adies — rendered as shamefully famous, as ever 

Turtle Bay was rendered by P or E s; or Hobcaw, by 

some others. But to return, we made two Stages, from Acomoco 
Court House; lying at Pongoteag the first Night, and at the 
Ferry House at Magidi Bay (where a Cbaloupe attends to trans- 
port Passengers and their Horses to York, Norfolk, Glocester, 
James Town, or other Parts, at a Pistole a Horse and Man) the 
second Day, being two Days and a half from the Line, the Dis- 
tance being more than 100 Miles from Snow Hill in Mary- 
land. There are no considerable Towns on this Shore, only a 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quaetbrly. 217 

few scatter'd Hamlets, particularly, at the Court Houses of tbe 
two Counties, which renders them far less polite, than the In- 
habitants on the other Side of the Bay, where large Towns 
abound, and, which are the Eendezvous of the several Tobacco 
Fleets that sail from Europe ; but to their Honesty, and Kind- 
ness to one another, and to Strangers, be justly calFd the Elysian 
Fields of Virginia, I shall have, again, Occasion to mention 
this Part of the Colony, I find, when I begin to enter into the 
Nature of the Tobacco Trade. 

No sooner the Morning dawn'd than we roused from our Beds, 
and addrees'd ourselves to our Voyage, in one of those delicious 
Mornings, in which Nature seems to take Pride, in displaying 
her whole Profusion of Charms; and when a Wretch must be 
quite inanimate, not to rejoice with the whole Creation, at the 
infinite Kindness and Benevolence of Providence. All hail I 
Eternal Sovereign of the Universe! Low, on the sandy Beach, 
surrounded with these venerable Shades, and whilst the Waves 
are laying at my Feet, let me adore the great, the awful Dis- 
positions of thy creating Wisdom! Alas! how my importance 
droops, and how inconsiderable I appear; when, but now, I 
imaging myself one of the Lords of this Globe, and rashly sug- 
gested to myself, that all these mighty Stores of Blessings, were 
intended to solace and delight Mankind alone ! But if so, why 
are the most remote Regions so bespangled with thy Goodness; 
Regions but lately known, and yet, scarce one ten thousandth 
Part peopled? My Mind opens — ; surely, thy wise Intention 
was to excite the Benevolence of thy more happy Creatures, and 
to make thy saving Health known to all Nations, by spreading 
the Knowledge of true Religion and Virtue, even amongst the 
sable Inhabitants of these lovely Deserts. 

After being victualled for our Voyage, which generally em- 
ploys three or four Hours, and we had gotten our Baggage and 
Part of our Attendants on board, we ourselves €rt:ep*d into a 
small Punt [A very small and dangerous Sort of Canoa, liable 
to be overturned by the least Motion of the Sitters in it. The 
Negroes manage them very dextrously, with a Paddle.], and put 
off to the Shallop; which by Reason of the Shallowness of the 
Water, lay at Anchor near a Mile from Shore, and beyond a 

Digitized by 


218 William and Maby Quabterly. 

very ugly Beef, on which the Waves broke with great Fury; at- 
tended by Scores of Porpoises, who were wantoning about ns. 
We had very nearly gained the Vessel, when two of these stupid 
Hogs oame souse against one Side of the Punt, and overtum'd 
us just upon the Back of the Shoal. 

The Pain we are sensible of in our last Moments, must be 
very trivial, when no foregoing Apprehension of our Dissolu- 
tion has intruded itself on our Minds, fraught with all the 
gloomy Terrors, so naturally representant to us, on this awful 
Occasion. Here, no real Danger, at first, could be imagined; 
for being good Swimmers, a Circumstance of great Account in 
traveling in this Coimtry, the escaping on Shore again, could 
be no great Trouble; but in the very first Stroke, bruising my 
Arm against the Buoy of the Anchor, I was so disabled, as to 
be driven with the Tide, precipitately, and with so much Vio- 
lence, into the Current, running swiftly out to Sea, that I soon 
lost all Senoe of my forlorn Condition. Reflection, as near as 
I can guess, did not long remain, andi two Seconds put me into 
the State of an Inanimate. Only continued Roarings, and vari- 
ous unformed Sounds, introduced upon my Ears for some Time, 
and then, as it were, I ceas'd to be. King of Terrors ! thou per- 
petual and everlasting Dread of the human Race, in how many 
different Ways thou surprizest unhappy Mortals! No Fences 
can keep thee out, and thou work'st thy Purposes, often, with the 
most imf oreseen, and most minute Instruments ! littjjerihg, all 
pale and emanciated, on a Bed of lengthened Sicknieps; all but 
the deploring Eye, andi the conscious Prinieiple, lost to their 
Functions; how dreadful the Situation! But, pr^ar'd by a 
constant Endeavour to do good, and inspired with a Regard to 
the Dictates of Morality and Virtue, conducted by a humane 
Turn of Mind ; how eligible this quick Transition from life to 
Death ! Here, then, is one principle Qualification of a Traveller, 
so to conduct his Steps as to be ready at every Stage, to enter 
that Eternal Mansion or Resting Place, where Pains shall lose 
their Sting, and Cares shall vex no more! HurryM down the 
Stream thus, and quite lost to myself, I had soon been lost to 
my Friends, had not my worthy Associate pursued my floating 
coarse, and overtaken it, at near half a Mile from the Vessel: 

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WiLLUK AND Mary Quabtebly. 219 

When, inetantly, seizing me by one Ann, and getting me on his 
Shouldero, he recovered a Ganoa, which had been dispatched 
from Shor^ after ub; and, in my first signs of reeover^d Sense, 
I found myself in Bed, surrounded by a weeping Crew, and my 
dear Deliverer spent with Fatigue by me, in a little better Situ- 
ation than myself. 

But, ah! thou 'rt fled, and now exists no more, 

In mortal semblance; deareet shade, attend! 

Ah! hover over me with thy angel wings! 

And chase away the grief that hurts my soul; 

Cou'd rocks and sands, or warring waves, conjoin'd. 

With howling winds, or all the hideous tribe 

Of eavages, that prowl the desart waste; 

Could these and more have wing'd thy latest hour. 

We jointly then had rendVd up our breath, 

Happy to fall united! Now alone, 

I wander comfortless from place to place. 

And, like the shipwrecked mariner, aghast. 

On some curs'd barren shelve, I seek in vain. 

With wandering eyes for help in my despair. 

[This Gentleman died afterwards in Jamaica.] 

The first Emotion I experienced, was that of the most live and 
piercing Gratitude to Providence, and the Arm that saved from 
the deep Abyss; that Gave of continued Destructions. 

[See some Lims under the Title of Fidenia, or the Explana- 
tion, in the London Magazine, March, 1744, page 147.] 

In two or three Days we embarked, being perfectly reoover'd, 
and addressed ourselves once more to the Passage; end here, how 
can I help sketching out the various Beauties and Adornments 
of Nature, that elucidated our pleasing Voyage? Suppose us 
now near ten Miles from either Shore, about the Meridian of 
one of the most transporting Days, that could have occurred for 

us, whilst 

every storm 

Is hush'd within its cavern^ and a breeze, 
Soft-breathing, lightly with its wings, along 
The slackened cordage glides; the sailors ear 
Perceives no sound, thro'out the vast expanse. 
None but the murmurs of the sliding prow. 
Which gently parts the smooth and azure main. 

— Glover, 

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220 William and Maby Quabterlt. 

The golden Eays of the Sun darting thro' the Gloom of the 
surrounding Woods, and' reflected upon the translucent Face of 
the watry Plain, gave so lively a Perspective Draught of the cir- 
cumjacent Country, that we were at a Loee whether to fix onr 
admiring View upon the Reality, or the Bepresentation. These 
Woods, every where diversify'd with interspersed Plantations^ 
by their Reverend Gloom, seemed the Retreat of some antient 
Druids; nor could I forbear a kind of Reverence for eo awful a 
Scene, really much calculated for a Sear of Superstitious Rites 
and Ceremonies; where not a Sign of the softest Zephyr, but in 
a mournful, melancholy Whisper, is heard thro', the whole 
Forest, and' seems even to fonn articulate sounds: Whilst now 
and then the long pausing Scream of the Turky, or the quick, 
smart Cry of the Paroque, interrupts the responsive Lays of the 
Turtle, and the rest of the musical Choir, and passes in thrilling 
Chorus from Grove to Grove, from Brake to Brake; whilst imi- 
tative Echo fondly retains the Sound. Who can, here, help re- 
calling to his Mind, the Fauns and Satyrs of the Antients ; their 
Fables of Diana and her Virgin Train, and their whole beauti- 
ful Decoration of the Sylvan Scene? When these Fables were 
first sung, even the now despoiled and desart Regions of Achaia, 
and the Territories of Italy, Gaul and Britain, bore just such an 
Aspect; so buried in the Depth of almost impassable Woods, 
and' the Inhabitants of some of them little more civilized than 
the Indian Natives of these Regions. And no doubt but in Pro- 
portion to the Increase of our Colonies, the Manners of the 
antient Possessors may be polishM, and their brutal Fierceness 
tamM; seeing so many potent Nations are exhausted, already, 
by their intestine Wars, or Broils with the Europeans, that they 
are in the whole America not of half so much Importance as 
they were 100 Years ago. Nay, many of the Nations live 
amongst the English, there being several Settlements of them 
in New-England, Maryland, Georgia, &c., and in the first nam'd 
Place, whole Tribes who have embracM the Christian Religion, 
and have Teachers of their own set apart to the Ministry. Like 
our Preoccupiers, the Antient Britons, the Indians perform all 
religious Ceremonies and Mysteries in the deepest Retreat of 
the Woods; and inur'd from their Infancy to heroic Idleness, 
and Hunting for Subsistance, they esteem the open Savannah 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaetbrly. 221 

or the Corn-Field, no farther than for Profit, whilet their choice 
Hours of Pleasure are generally eonght in the Shade. I re- 
member to haye ask'd the famions Toanabowi, so caress'd in 
England some Years ago, by the Eoyal Family, how he lik'd 
that Conntry? He told me they were good People, but that it 
was a poor Country, and he could not live in it, because they had 
had no Woods nor Deer, but what were kept in some Gardens; 
for so he stil'd the Parks of England. [This Indian was killed 
at the Head of his People, valiantly fighting, as an Auxiliary 
Party to the English, by the Yamasees, in the year 1743, and 
was interred with military Honours at Fort William. He was 
Son to the Great Mico Tomo Chachi, and always bore an ex- 
treme Begard to the English. He had however this Satisfac- 
tion, to see most of the Yamasees cut off before he expired.] 
But to return: The Infinity of Sloops and Barks that appeared 
everywhere aroimd, the fine Vista^s up York and James Bivers, 
and other navigable Streams, the prodigious Flights of Wild 
Fowl, that darken^ the Air, all in their native Strains hymning 
the Great Creator; the Alibieores, Dolphins and Porpoises wan- 
toning on every Side, and a long, long View of wide Ocean, 
with a whole Fleet of Vessels in the OflSng, tumbling in the 
Calm, and reeling their lofty, unsteady Heads; the Lowing of 
the Goodly Kine, the Bleating of the Sheep, the Neighing of 
the useful Steed, and the Cries of the laborious Husbandman, 
plunged us into an- admiring Extasy : Nor could we forbear to 
exclaim. How manifold are thy Works, Lord! In Wisdom 
hast thou made them all! The Earth is full of thy Riches: 
So is this great and Wide Sea, wherein are Things creeping in- 
numerable, both email and great Beasts: There go the Ships, 
&c. A delicious Moon-light Night succeeded this brilliant Day, 
and exhibited still new and more delectable Scenes of Wonder, 
and Millions of unknown Eegions, the Work of an Eternal, un- 
bounded Creation. Lost in the Contemplation of these Bless- 
ings ! Struck with such a Field of Magnificence ! Exclamation 
and Rapture is succeeded by the Lowest Adoration, and the most 
unfeigned Praises ! 

Where'er we gtir^ where'er we look or move. 
All, all is him, and everywhere is Jove. 

— lAtoan* 

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WiLLiAif AND Mary Quaribsly. 

At eight the sucoeding Mornings we disooyer'd the red Glifts 
of York Town, and the opposite Town of Gloucester; and sure, 
nothing could form e more romantick Sight The Place being 
eomewhat situated like Dover, and the Town standing on a 
Descent, you can only perceive 3 or 4 Hoasee at first View, and 
soaax^ any Tbing presents itself but these steep, sandy Banks, 
dug into an infinite Number of Holes and Caverns, and the Bat- 
tery of Guns before the Town upon the Pitch of the BlufiE. 

Tork-Town, Capital of the County of that Name, is situated 
on a rising Ground, gently descending eveiy Way into a Valley, 
and tho' but etragglingly built, yet makes no inooofliderable 
Figure. Tou perceive a great Air of Opulence amongst the Ibt 
habitants, who have some of them built thanselves Houses, equal 
in Magnificence to many of our superb ones at St. James's; ts 
those of Mr. Lightfoot, Nelson, Ac. Almost every considerable 
Men Keeps ain Equipage, tho' they have no Concern about the 
different Colours of their Coach Horses, driving frequently 
black, white, and chestnut, in the same Harness. The Taverns 
are many here, and much frequented, and ani unbounded licen- 
tiousness seems to taini the Morak of the young Gentlemen of 
this Place. The Court-House is the only considerable publi(dc 
Building, and is no unlMmdsome Structure, l^e amiable Hoe- 
pitality I have just pass'd an Eulogium upon, on the other Side 
the Bay, eeans on this Shore to have found no great Footing: 
Schemes of Gain, or Parties of Gaming and Pleasure, muddy too 
much their Souls, and banish from amongst them the glorious 
Propensity to doing good. The most considerable Houses aie of 
Brick; some handsome ones of Wood, all built in the modem 
Taste; and the lesser Sort, of Plaister. There are some very 
pretty Garden Spots in the Town; and the Avenues leading to 
Williamsburgh, Norfolk, &c., are prodigiously agreeable. The 
Eoads are, aa I said before, some of the best I ever saw, and in^ 
finitely superior to most in England). The Country surrounding 
is thickly overspread with Pkntationfi, and the Planters live, in 
a Manner, equal to Men of the best Fo(rtune; some of them being 
possessed of 500 or 1000£. a Year, Sterling. 

Gloucester, Hampton, and Norfolk, are Towns of near the 
same Structure, there being little Difference, save that at the 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quabtbbly. 223 

hst mentioitt^d Place, a Spirit of Trade reign*, far surpaaeing 
that of any other Part of Virginia. A great Number of Vessels 
are fitted out from thenoe, to trade to the Northward and the 
Weat Indies; and the Inhabitants are, frcHn their great Inter- 
course with Strangers, abundantly more refinM. But before I 
leave York entirely, I diould just mention the Battery, that is 
the Defence of the Town, which at thia Time was under the 
Direction of an aukward Engineer, by Trade a Barber, and is 
as deq)icably coniriVd for the Saf€fty of the Place, as it, no 
doubt, would be conducted in a time of Danger. Indeed, Vir- 
ginia, ie quite an open Country to the Incursions of an Enemy, 
having little to resist an Attack by Sea, but the Men of War 
stationed tiiexe, which are generally two or three. In a Land 
Expedition from the Natives, or French and Spanish, indeed, 
their Numbers, ^tis hop'd, will always pnotect them, seeing that 
they oould aasemble at the shortest Warning, a Militia of 18 or 
20,000 Men. They have also some Forte towards the Apalaehes, 
which bridle the Indiara, and secure the Trade with them. 

Williamsburgh is a most wretched contrived Affair for the 
Capital of a Country, being near three Miles from the Sea, ie a 
bad SitufltioiL. There is nothing considerable in it, but the Col- 
lie, the Governor's House, and one or two more, which are no 
bad Piles; and the prodigious Number of Coaches that croud 
the deep, sandy Streets of this little City. It's very surprizing 
to me, that this should be preferr'd to James-Town, Hiampton, 
or eome other Situations I could mention. Here the Courts of 
Justice are held, and with a Dignity end Decorum, that would 
become them even in Europe. The present Lieut. Governor 
Gooch is much beloved by every one, and' by his mild agreeable 
Disposition, diffuses Content every where around. The Posts 
that are most stickled for here are the Office of Secretary, which 
is said to be worth 900£. per Annum ; and the being Naval Of- 
ficers to the several Counties, which are places of good Profit. 

We embairk'd at York, in a Sloop bound for Frederica in 
Georgia, immediately weight, and past Cape Henry with a 
brisk and favourable Gale; but when we were abreast of Cape 
Hatteras, the Wind chop'd about, and drove us for 8 days suc- 
cessively off the Coast, in the most violent Storms that ever I 

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224 William and Mary Quabtbrlt. 

experienc'd ; and having reckoned it as only a Run of 3 or 4 
Days, our Provieione were too small in Quantity for the Time 
we were likely to remain in this Situation^ Add to this, a Ves- 
sel that oould hardly heep above the Water, she was so foul and 
rotten, and no Hands that eouH be of Service, but the Maeter, 
a Negro Fellow, end e Boy : For our La(Kng consisted of all the 
Scum of Virginia, who had' been recruited for the Service af 
Georgia, and who were ready at every Tumi to mutiny, whilst 
they belched out the most shocking Oaths, wishing Destruction 
to the Vessel and every Thing in her; nor would offer the least 
Hand to help in this Distress : Nay, they were not to be per- 
suaded even to go upon Deck for the Discharge of Nature: but 
performing all those Offices below, we began to fear a Plague, 
as well as Drowning. The Master, on the other Side, in a super- 
stitious Fit, was for casting Lots who should be the Jonah of the 
Ship, being sure, he said, there was some Murderer on board; 
and ^twas with Difficulty we kept him to his Duty, upon not 
complying with his Eequest. I shall never lose the Idea of this 
Creature and his Absurdities. Thus theoi we pass'd so many 
Nights and Days in miserable Want and Distress, expecting 
every Minute when the Sloop would part €uid founder in the 
drear Abyss. 

see forked glare 

The living lightning thro' the vast expatise, 

And hark, hoarse thunder growls with deaf'ning roar. 

See, born aloft, out mast pervades the skies, 

And now we're hury'd in the gulph below, 

Dreadful vicieeitudes 1 

On the Ninth Day in the Morning the Wind happily sub- 
sided, and on the Eleventh we found ourselves a-breast of Cape 
Fear; and then, to our great Satisfaction, a Wind sprung up, 
that in four Day more brought us to the End of our Voyage, 
weakenM with Fatigue, and almost dead with Hunger, having 
liv^d for some Time on Biscuit and Indian Pease in small Quan- 
tities. We cast Anchor in St. Siman^e Harbour, and imme- 
diately debarking, set out for Frederica. 

Ours is the useful life, tho' want and anguish, 

Famine, and all the various train of Evils, 

That human nature shrinks at, oft conspire 

To check our frailty in the glorious race. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quakterly. 225 


I have eent 3X>u what Parts would be agreeable of my Friend's 
Performance for your Collection, and thank yon for inserting 
them. Hie whole Work, of which tbeee may serve ae so many 
Specimens, will soon be sent to Press, end adom'd with Draughts 
of the principal Places he has eeenu The Season I have not sent 
you his Account of New York and Albany, is, that they are too 
diffusive for your Design, and interwoven with several Dieserta- 
tions, that would be too prolix for your Headers; for which 
Season I have also left out ihe Dissertation on the Tobacco 
Trade, and several Important Matters relative to Virginia and 
Maryland, which might not be so properly retailed out in this 
Manner. The same Reasons I gave you [See London Maga- 
zine, March, 1746, p. 125.] for not touching further on Caro-» 
Una and its City Charles-Town, and other Places; and as to 
his Voyages to and from Europe, Remarks on Scotland and the 
North of England, amd coasting Voyage from thence, &c., they 
did not come within the Title we first set out under, viz., 
Itinerant Observations in America. As to his account of Flor- 
ida, you have the Substance of it in a Pamphlet lately published 
by him. [Expedition to St. Augustine printed for T. Aetley, 
in the Year 1744.] Thus having wound up my Bottom, it may 
not be amiss to give the Order in which it would be proper to 
peruse what Itinerant Observations you have in your Maga- 
zine, viz., to begin with March, 1746, then proceed to May, 
July, November, «nd December, 1746; then those in August, 
November, December, 1745; which preserves the Chain of the 

I am. Yours, &c., Anontmus. 


The founder of the Gilmer family was Dr. George Gilmer, who was 

the son of William Gilmer, an advocate, and was born near Edinburgh 

. in 1700. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, and went 

to London to practice his profession with Dr. Ridgway. He married the 

daughter of his partner, and, in 1731, came to Williamsburg, in 

Digitized by 


226 William and Maby Quabtbbly. 

Virginia, where he practiced medicine and managed the affairs of a 
land company. His wife dying, he married, secondly, in 1732, Marj 
Peachy, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker of King and Queen county and 
sister of Dr. Thomas Walker, of Albemarle. By her he had two sons — 
Peachy Ridgway and George. In 1745, he married, thirdly, Harrison 
^lair, a sister of Hon. John Blair, President of the Virginia Oouncil, 
nephew of James Blair, President and Founder of William and Mary 
College. This laist wife bore two sons — John and William — and died 
November 2, 1755. Dr. Gilmer died, in Williamsburg, January 15, 
1757. His son. Peachy Ridgway Gilmer, was the grandfather of Gteorge 
R. Gilmer, Governor of Georgia; and his son, Dr. Gkorge Gilmer, was 
the grandfather of Thomas Walker Gilmer above mentioned. Dr. George 
Gilmer, second of that name, was bom in Williamsburg, January 19, 
1743. He was a student at William and Mary College, and studied 
medicine under his uncle. Dr. Thomas Walker, the celebrated traveller 
and explorer. He then went to the University of Edinburgh, where h§ 
graduated. He practiced medicine in Williamsburg, albd kept a drug 
« store with John Minson Gait He moved to Albemarle county, and 
when the Revolutionary War broke out, was very active in military 
matters. He was an intimate friend of Thorns:^ Jefferson, and, in 1774« 
represented Albemarle county in the House of Burgesses. In 1775, he 
was an alternate of Thomas Jefferson, in the convention which met in 
Williamsburg. This Dr. George Gilmer married his cousin, Lucy 
Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, a:nd had ten children. Of 
these, Mildred Gilmer, bom August 15, 1772, married. May 28, 1795, 
William Wirt, and died September, 1799. She was buried at "Pen 
Park," the Gilmer residence, near Charlottesville, Virginia. Francis 
Walker Gilmer, the youngest son, wa:^ one of the most brilliant men 
of Virginia. He died young, but, in the opinion of Mr. Wirt, had few 
peers for learning and culture. Mr. Jefferson sent him to Europe to 
select the professors for the University, and he was elected the first 
professor of law in that institution. His brother, George Gilmer, M. D., 
married Elizabeth Hudson, daughter of Captain Christopher Hudson, a 
soldier of the Revolution. They had nine children, of whom Thomaik 
Walker Gilmer, born April 6, 1802, was the eldest. He was a precocious 
boy, fond of books, and very ambitious. He studied law, and speedily 
won much reputation at the bar of his county. He entered politics in 
1825, as a strong States rights man, and supported General Jackson in 
1828. He edited the Virginia Advocate in Jackson's interest In 1829, 
he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, and in 1831, as 
Commissioner for the State, prosecuted successfully Virginia's Revolu- 
tionary claims upon the United States. In 1832 he was reelected to 
the Legislature, and in the nullification controversy, while he did not 
approve the policy of South Carolina, he strongly condemned the 
proclamation of Andrew Jackson. 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quarpbrlt. 227 

In company with John Tyler and a ho9t of other States rights men, he 
left the party, and finally united with the National Republicans, in 1834, 
to form the Whig palrty. He was re-elected to the Legislature, in 1835, 
and in 1838, and was made Speaker of the House. He supported John 
Tyler for senator, a'nd in February, 1840, was elected governor. His 
administration was noted principally for his controversy with Governor 
Seward, of New York. Before his year was out, he resigned, and was 
elected to the House of Representatives. When the Whigs broke with 
President Tyler, he remained true to his position in the canvae> preced- 
ing, and would not vote for a national bank. He was one of the Presi- 
dent's "Ckn-porars Guard," and a strong supporter of the annexation of 
Texas. On February 15, 1844, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy, 
on the endorsement of the leading men in Congress. Thirteen days later 
he was killed on board the Princeton Man-of-War by the bursting of a 
gun. He wa« buried at " Mount Air," Albemarle county Virginia. 

Of Thomas W. Gilmer, hisi cousin and colleague, Gkorge R. Gilmer, 
said: "Judging by what he did, he would, if he had lived, have been 
the first man of his country, as he was of his name." 

From Charles 4. Wickliffe, 

Washington, Dec. 15^, 1832. 
My Dear Sir : 

May I take the liberty of writing to you? You are the 
only member of the V*. Delegation with whom I have an ac- 
quaintance. The crisis ie an important one, it is big with the 
ftite of our beloved country. "What shall he donef Let Vir- 
ginia but speak in a voice of pure and unadulterated democ- 
racy such as distinguished JeflFerson in '98 and our institutions 
are safe. The principles avowed in the president's proclama^ 
tion to ihe eirtent they go; of making war upon an independent 
State, of calling an' armed force into the field (not to suppress 
a mob or a lawless assemblage of the people, to assist the exe- 
cution of the laws, but to wage war upon an Independent Sov- 
ereign State for claiming the power of protecting her reserved 
rights) (will) put aju- end to the liberties of this country if 
carried into effect, and lay prostrate at the foot of a military 
despotism our invaluable constitution. After a time, if the 
States submit to the principles avowed by the President what 
has been tolerated as remonstrance by a State will be held as 
resistance and treason. And who is this mighty arbiter, to de- 

Digitized by 


228 William and Mary Quabterly. 

cide when a State is rebellious or factious — the President!!! 
the creature of the States. Is this the law of the land? Is this 
the constitution and the government, which Virginia gave it and 
which Virginia has defendted? 

The time hae come when she miwt speak. She will not be 
appalled by names. I hope she can save the Union and she muflt 
do it. Speak aloud, demand that the military frcmi now c<hi- 
gregating in South Carolina should be marched back. Call for 
a convention if that be the best. Call for anything but the 
blood of our brothers. Your delegation in congrees are ready to 
respond and join you. They are in a state of high and patriotic 
excitement. Now ie the time for action in V*. Do not delay. 
I beseech you. 

I am as you know what is called a tariflF man. I have con- 
demned the course of South Carolina and do think her course 
wrong. She thinks otherwise and will not retrace her steps. 
In the same grave she will entomb her sons with her liberties. 
I write under influences of feelings sudi as I have never before 
felt. I know the President meditates war, and I fear he is too 
anxious for it; and unless Virginians voice is heard in a tone 
of thunder and that soon it will be too late. 

Why delay the election of Tyler? Can Virginia wish to cast 
from the councils of the nation at this time so invaluable a man ? 
If not bring it on at once. He ia directly opposed to the doc- 
trines of the proclamation. I was with him this evening and 
he seems to have forgotten all other subjects but the fate of his 
country should the principles of the proclamation prevail. His 
language breathed the spirit of patriotism and the principles 
of '98. 

You will excuse this intrusion by one who has no claims to 
your correspondence or right to tax your labours, but I should 
like to hear from you. 

Yours respectfully, C. A. Wickliffe.* 

iC. A. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, was postmaftter general under President 
Tyler. Gilmer was a member of the House of Delegates of Virginia' at 
this time. 

Digitized by 


William and Mabt Quarterly. 229 

From Judge Abel P. Upshur. 

Richmond, Nov* 27, 1840. 
D' Sir: 

When I left Williamsburg five days ago I was charged by 
Doctor Peachy with a verbal message to you, which I should 
deliver personally, but for your absence from town. The Doctor 
requeete that you would "read the last year's report from the 
College of W°*. and Mary to the Legislature before you close 
your message to that body.'' This is all that he requested me to 
say, but I have no doubt that he expected me to eay something 
more; and with your leave, I will do so. 

There are now one hundred & four students in the College, 
whidi is more than could be expected, in the present condition 
of the country. It is probably more, in proportion^ than can be 
found at any other Institution- in the State. They are remark- 
able for their studious habits & orderly conduct; which, con- 
sidering the character of the College in that respect, imtil 
within a few years past, is a decisive proof of the excellence 
of the discipline whidi now prevails. I say nothing of the char- 
acter of the Professors, because you know them as well as I do, 
& doubtless, respect them as highly. But I may be allowed to 
say that I have been a student both of Yale & Princeton col- 
leges, & in neither of them have I seen as able a body of Pro- 
fessors, as judicious a system of discipline, or as profitable a 
course of study. W™. & Mary College has educated most of the 
distinguished men who have done honor, not only to Virginia, 
but to the United States; & if I may be allowed to judge of 
the future by the promises of the present time, she has, within 
the last few years prepared, & is now preparing, others who will 
prove themselves worthy to be the successors of the good & great 
who have heretofore come out from the same academic halls. 

But she needs help; & does she not deserve it? It is re- 
markable that W™. & Mary College, the oldest & most renowned 
of our literary Institutions, has received little or no aid from 
the Legislature, while a very liberal spirit has been manifested 
towards almost all the rest. I know it is supposed that she is 

Digitized by 


230 William and Maby Quabterly. 

already rich, but this is a great mistake. She can barely get 
along with very moderate salaries to a very small corps of Pro- 
fessors, & with a most vigorously economical adminietration of 
her funds in- other respects. The College edifices require re- 
pairs, & the system of instruction ought to be extended. I think 
it cannot be doubted that with a little aid from our L^sla- 
ture— even with less than her just proportion — she will place 
herself in a condition to confer more solid benefit upon the State, 
than any other of I^er seminaries of learning. 

I am sure you will excuse the liberty I take, in bringing this 
subject to your notice. It is one of deep interest to me, & as I 
think, to all Virginia, nay, to all the South. 

I am your obt. sr. A. P. Upbhuh,^ 

From Judge Oeorge W, Hopkins. 

Washington City, Sep. 4th, 1841. 
My Dear Sir. 

I write merely to fulfill my promise, for really I have no 
newa I intended to call on- the President this evening with the 
view of saying that I should write, and! that I felt anxious to 
know whether it was desirable that you should return. En- 
gagements have prevented me from doing so. Things stand 
about as they did when you left, except that the land bill has 
received the signature of the President. So far as* I have been 
able to ascertain, this has produced far less feeling with the 
democratic party than I anticipated. The Senate is engaged 
with the revenue bill, and) have included tea & ooiffee in tJie list 
of free articles by a vote of 39 to 10. M'. Clay is said to have 
asserted in the Senate to-day, that the expenditures of the cur- 
rent year, will exceed the receipts from all sources at least 15 
millions of dollars. These developments have inispired some of 
us with the belief, that the Land bill may be arrested next ses- 
sion, at least so far as to suspend its operaHiions untill the rev- 

^Abel P. Upehur was Seeretary of State under Preeideot Tjl&r, He 
was at this time Judge of the General Court of Virginia. lliOBias W. 
Gilmer was (Governor. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 231 

einies without the land ealeB, shall be adequate for the Inti- 
mate wants of the government. We do not know when the veto 
will be sent to us — some think Monday, some Tuesday and others 
on Wednesday. I am sorry that I cannot say when, but perhaps 
you know enough to satisfy yourself as to your own course. 
Habersham of Geo.^ told me today that the whigs were looking 
for a blow up of the cabinet on Tuesday. 

We are all becoming quite impatient and anxious to leave for 
our homes. I feel much anadety about old Albemarle. Qod send 
her a safe deliverance. I am sure you will do your duty. 

I think you had better return, at any rate on Wednesday. I 
intend if Speaker White will allow me, to come out upon the 
veto, and openly to espouse the cause of Tyler. I presume we 
shall have a furious debate. 

Accept assurances of my kindest regard, and believe me to be 
Your friend, Geo. W. Hopkins.* 

From Orenville T. Winthrop. 

Watertown, Maas^., 4 October, 1841. 

Dear Sir: 

I reed, several public documents from you, during y* re- 
cent session of Congress; and beg you to accept my grateful ac- 
knowledgements for your kindness. 

The most interesting among these papers is a speech of your 
own *'on y* Fiscal corporation bilF^ — ^I have read it with much 
satisfaction, and esteem it one of y* most convincing arguments 
among those which were urged ag^ this bill, €is well as a most 
able defence of y« course pursued by a portion of y« Eepresenta- 
tives of y* great and honored Commonwealth of Virginia. You 
will pardon me, I trust, when I tell you that I am wholly at a 
loss to imagine how a gentleman, expressing such sentiments as 
those contained in y'. speech, could have enlisted his talents in 
behalf of General Harrison. I had always regarded it as a 
marvel y* y* Statesmen of Virginia could be induced to place 
confidence in a man, whose best recommendation was y' his 

iHopkins was a member, at thie time, of the HouBe of Representatives. 

Digitized by 


232 William and Mary Quabtxrly. 

opinione could be quoted to accommodate y* views of individuals 
of opposite political parties — Nor have theee speeches of youip 
at all diminished my amasement. You compliment Pres*. Tyler 
because he possesses y* very qualities for y* total want of whidi 
General Harrison was supported. 

The Whig Orators, in this part of y* country at least, advo- 
cated y* election of Gen' Harrison upon y* ground y* he had no 
opinions of his own — or, if he had any — ^y* he would yidd then 
all up at y* summons of a majority of Congress. You applaud 
Mr. Tyler for asserting his opinions, and maintaining his posi- 
tion, despite y* declared will of Congress. 

No one — ^no matter what his opinions or predilections may 
be— can doubt that Mr. Tyler has taken y* right ground — ^The 
Constitution gives y* veto power to y* Pres*. and he is bound to 
exercise it as his reason and his conscience direct. 

In common with y* Democratic party, I should dislike to see 
y* Presidents' perogative stretched beyond its oonstitutionel 
limits. But, at y* same time, I cannot imagine y* y* wise and 
good men who framed y* Constitution intended that y* Pres*. 
should be such but in name. The Constitution confers certain 
powers upon, and exacts certain duties of this branch of y* 
Gov^, and a consideration is paid for y* proper exercise and per- 
formance of th«n. If we deprive y* Presi'. of his powers, or 
make no demands upon) his services, we should withdraw his 

The Federal party evidently think a Pres^ of y* U. S. should 
be that ''Grand Functionary'^ which y* Abb6 Sieyes proposed to 
make Napoleon ''with no power except to give away offices.'* 

But I am writing a loi^ letter, whereas I had intended to say 
but a single word, and that of gratitude for your kindness. 

I cannot forbear, however, even at y* rid^ of encroaching upon 
y'. patience, to say a single word in relation to y* plan of a 
"Fiscal Agent." I must, first, say to you, candidly, y* I am op- 
posed to a Bank of any kind — believing y* "Sub Treasury*' to be 
y* only constitutional mode of collecting and disbursing y* pub- 
lic monies. But if we cannot have this, why then let us have y* 
best substitute which can be devised. 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quabtebly, 233 

I am glad that President Tyler objects to any institution 
▼hidi shall have power to discount either notes of hand or do- 
mestic bills of exchange. There is no sort of difference by the 
way, between these two species of paper, except in y* name. 

The naerchants desire y' y* rates of exchange may be regu- 
lated; and they think y^ establishment of a IT. S. Bank neces- 
sary to the accomplishment of this object. Trade must always 
gov^mtf exchange; and always would do eo, satisfactorily, if all 
y* Banks were solvent. But in one section of y* country js 
Banks pay specie, while in another they do not, — ^this will ac- 
count for y* enormously high rates of exchange which are paid 
between y* North and South west. 

If (fliere must be a Regulator, why not adopt a plan like this — 
Permit y* collectors of Customs and the receivers of public 
monies to sell Qov^ drafts charging a rate of ezcbaiige equal 
to y* cost of transporting specie to y« distance (equal to that) 
between y* two points at which y« draft is made and at which it 
is payable. We have an abundance of Gold, and y* cost of its 
transportation to y* most remote sections of y* country is trifling. 
If y* policy of y* present administration recognizes y* propriety 
of receivii^ bank bills in pay* of Gov* dues, it would seldom be 
necessary to transport specie from one point to another. In this 
respect y* Gov* woidd possess advantages equal, certainly with 
tiiose of a Bank. I have thought but little upon y* subject, and 
cannot, therefore, have much confidence in the feaabiUty of this 
plan. But it strikes me, at first thought, as one oalculated to 
obviate some of Pves* Tyler's objections, as well as to be less 
obnoxious in y« view of y* opponents of a TJ. S. Bank. 

I cannot avoid repeating y* I am opposed to y* establish* of 
any Fiscal Agent, other than y« "Sub Treasury.^' The first po- 
litical act of my life was to oppose (in ye Mass*** L^islature of 
1834) a vote of censure ag* Gteneial Jackson for removing y* 
deposits, and the Besolutions in favor of a TJ. S. Bank. For this 
act I lost my seat in y* following year. In 1839 I was again 
elected; but was permitted to remain a member but a single 
year, in^ oonisequence of some remarks which I made upon y* 
quesUoB of y* currency. 

Digitized by 


234 William and Mary Quarterly. 

You hold y* highest oflSce in y« gift of y* people of y* great 
Bepublican State of Virginia, because you advocate y* very same 
principles — opposition to a National Bank, to ye Distribution 
bill, and, its uiecessary consequent, a high tariff for Revenue — 
for supporting which I am proscribed in Mass"". And you are 
called a Whig, and I am called a Democrat, a Loco Fooo. I 
cannot understand how such a contradiction is to be reconciled. 

Begging y* to pardon y* freedom as well as prolixity with 
which I have written, I have y* honor to be, with great consid- 
eration, and unqualified respect 

Yr. obliged, humble serv*, 

Grbnvillb T. Winthrop. 
Governor Gilmer — 
- P. S. 

I have referred to y* speeches of other in- 
dividuals of *^y* Corporals Guard,*' as well as 
to your own. You only anticipate a veto, 
while others speak of it ae realized. 


Abraliam Wood came as a little boy of ten years to Virginia in the 
Margaret a/nd John, in the year 1620. This vessel had a great fight in 
the West Indies with two Spanish men-of-war, and, though feebly 
armed and burdened with emigrants and their furniture, beat them 
both off. In the hand-to-haM fight that ensued, the passengers of the 
Margaret and John fought side by side with the sailore. The Captain, 
Anthony Chester, and Dr. Lewis Bohun, the surgeon-general of Virginia, 
performed prodigies of valor, and the latter fell mortally wounded. 
Captain Chester went to his a;8sistanoe and exclaimed: ''Oh, Dr. Bohun t 
What a misfortune is this." The noble doctor replied: ''Fight it out, 
brave man, the cause is good, and the Lord receive my soul." Little 
Abraham escaped unharmed, and, in 1625, wae living at Jamestown in 
the employment of Captain Samuel Matthews. He rose rapidly to pub- 
lic prominence, was a member of the House of Burgesses, a Member of 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quarterly. 236 

the Council, and in 167 1, was one of the four major generals command- 
ing the militarj establishment of Virginia. In 1646 he wae made cap- 
tain of Fort Henry, at the modem Petersburg (situated at the falls of 
the Appomattox), and in 1658, was colonel of Charlee City and Henrico 
counties. His great grandson, Peter Jones, was the founder of Peters- 
burg. Qeneral'Wood was, as might be supposed, an active, enterprising 
man, and, as early as 1642, received a license from the General Assembly 
to make discoveries westward and southward of Virginia. Below is the 
Journal of one of theee expeditions conducted by Thomas Batts, Thomas 
Wood, and Robert Fallom. The first of these explorers, Thomas Batte 
(Batu,) was the son of John Batte, who was a captain at the battle of 
Adwttlton in the King's army. His slater married Rev. Philip Mallory» 
a prominent minister in the colony. Thomas Wood was a son of General 
Wood and died, as the narrative shows, on the expedition. 

Rev. John Clayton, who communicated this journal to the Royal So- 
ciety of England, was minister at Jamestown from 1684-1686. 

This journal is printed in New York Coll. Documents m., 196., and 
in "The Ohio Valley in Colonial Days,*' pp. 220-229. 

A Journal prom Virginia Beyond the Appalaohian Moun- 
tains IN Septr.^ 1671, Sent to the Eoyal Society by 
Mr. Clayton, and Bead Aug. 1, 1688, Before the Said 



Sep^ 1.' Thomas Batts, Thomas Woods, end Bobert Fallan^ 
having received a oommassion from the Hon'ble Major General 
Wood for the finding out the d)bing and flowing Water on the 
other side of tiie Monntains, in order to the discovery of the 
South Sea, accompanied with Perecute, a great Man of the 
Apomatack Indians, and Jack Neasan, formerly Servant to 
Major General Wood with five horses set forward from the Apo- 
matacks Town about eight of the Clock in the morning, being 
Friday, Sepf 1**, 1671. Tl»t day we travelled about 40 miles, 
took up our quarters, end found, that we had travelled from 
the Okenechee path due West. 

Sep*' 2. We travelled about 45 Miles and came to our quarters 
at Sun set, and found we were to the North of the West 

Sep*' 3. We travelled West and by South Course and about 
three o'Clock came to a great swamp a Mile and a half or two 

Digitized by 


236 WiLUAM AND Mary Quastsbly. 

Miles over, and very diflScult to pads. We led our horsee thro* 
and waded twice over a River emptying itself into Boanoke 
Eiver. After we were over we went North west and so came 
round and tocJc up our quarters West this day we travelled 40 
Miles good. 

Sep*" 4. We set forward' and about two of the Clock arrived at 
the Sapony Indiana Town. We travelled South and by West 
course till about noon, and came to the Sapony West. Here we 
were very joyfully and kindly received with firing of Guns and 
plttity of provision. We here hired a Sapony Indian to be oiir 
Guide towards the Totoras a nearer way than usual. 

Sep*' 5. I wot ae we were ready to take horse and March from 
the Sapony^s, about seven of the Clock in the morning we 
heard eome guns go off frtnn the other side of the Biver. They 
were seven Apomatack Indiane sent by Major General Wood to 
accompany ue in our Voyage, We hence «ent back a horse be- 
longing to M'. THiomae Wood which was tired, by a Portugal be- 
longing to Major General Wood, whom we here found. About 
deven of the Clock we set forward and that night came to the 
Town of the Flanakaskiee which we judge to be 25 Miles f rwn 
&e Sapon/s and received tiie like or better entertainment than 
from the Sapon/e. The Town lying west and by North is an 
Inland on the Sapony River, rich land. 

Sep*' 6. About 11 of the Clock we set forward from the 
Slanakaskiee but left M'. ISiomae Wood at the Town dan- 
gerously sick of the Flux and the horse he rode on beionging 
to Major General Wood was likewise taken with the staggers 
and a failing in hie hinder parts. Our course was this Day 
West and by South, and we took up our quarters West about 20 
Miles from tBfe Town. This afternoon our horses strayed away 
about one of the Clock. 

Sep*' 7. We set forward about three of the Clock. We had 
sight of the Mountains. We travelled 2S Miles over very hilly 
and rtony Ground, our course westerly. 

Sep*' 8. We set out by sua riee, and travelled all day a west 
and by north course, about one of the Clock we came to a Tree 
marked in the path with a Coal MA. N£. — about four of the 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quabtbbly. 237 

Clock we came to the foot of the first Mountain went to the 
Top, and th^i came io a small defloent, and so did rise again^ 
and then' till we came almost to tbe bottom was a very steep de- 
scent We timvelled all day ovor very Stony Rocky gponnd and 
after 30 Miles travell this day we came to our quarters at the 
fcot of the Mountain due West. We past tbe Sapony Biver 
twice this Day. 

Sep**" 9. We were stirring with the Sun and travelled West 
and after a little riding came again to the Sapony River, where it 
was very narrow, and ascended the second Mountain which wound 
up we^ and by South with several risinge and fallings, after 
which we oame to a steep descent at the foot whereof was a lovely 
descending Valley about six Miles over, with curious small ris- 
ings: indifferent good way. Our course over it was South West, 
after we were over that we oame to a very steep descent at the 
foot whereof stood the Tatera Town in a very rich swamp be- 
tween a branch of the main River of Roandce, circled about with 
Mountains, we got thither about three of the Clock, after we had 
twtv^ed 25 Miles. Here we were exceedingly civilly enter- 
tained. Saturday night, Sunday, and Monday we staid at the 
Toteras Perecnte being taken very sick of a fever and ague every 
afternoon; notwithstanding on Tuesday Morning about nine of 
the dock we resolved to leave our horses with the Toteras and 
set forward. 

Sep*' 12. We left the Town West and by North. We Travelled 
that day eometimes southerly sometimes northerly, as the path 
went over several high mountains and steep Valliee crossing 
several branches and the River Roanoke several times, all ex- 
ceedingly stony ground untiU about four o'Clock perecute being 
taken vrith his fit and we were very weary, we took up our 
quarters by tbe eide of Roanoke River almost at the head of it 
Bt the foot of the Great Mountain. Our course was West and 
by North, having travelled 25 Miles, at the Toteras we hired 
one of their Indians for our Guide, and left one of the 
Apomatack Indians there sick. 

Sep^ 13. In the Morning we set forward early, after we had 
travelled about three Miles we came to the foot of the great 

Digitized by 



238 William and Maby Quarterly. 

MoTmtain, and found a very eteep aecent, 80 that we oonld 
scarce keep ourselves from eliding down- again. It continued for 
three Miles with ranall intenniesion of better way. Right up by 
the Path on the left we saw the proportion of the Man} there 
growing very high weeds and grass about it, but nothing but 
moss on the place. When we were got up to the top of iie 
Mountain and set down very weary we saw very high Moun- 
tains lying to the north and South as far as we could discern. 
Our Course up the Mountidn was West and by North a very 
small descent on the other side, and as soon as over we foimd 
the Vallies tending westerly. It was a pleaaing tho* dreadfull 
sight to see the Mountains and Hills as if piled one upon an- 
other. After we had travelled about three miles from the 
Mountains easily descending ground about 12 of the Clock we 
came to two Trees marked with a Coal M A. N. E., the other cut 
in with M. 3. and several other scrablements hard by a nm 
just like the Swift Creek at M'. Randolphs in Virginia, empty- 
ing itself sometimes westerly sometimes northerly, with curious 
meadows on each side, going forward we found rich ground but 
stony curious rising hills and brave meadows with grass above 
man^s height, many Rivers running West north West and several 
runs from the Southerly Mountains, which we saw as we marched, 
which run northerly into the great River. Atfter we had 
travelled about 7 Miles we came to a very steep descent where 
we found a great run, which emptied itself as we supposed into 
the great River northerly our Course being as the path went, 
west south west. We set forward West and had not gone far, 
but we met again with the River still broad, runndng West and 
by North. We went over the great run emptying itself northerly 
into the great River. After we had marched about 6 Miles 
north West and by North we came to the River again where it 
▼as much broader than at the two other places. It ran here 
west and by South and so as we suppose wound up westerly. 
Here we took up our quarters, after we had waded over, for this 

^Whereof they had given an account it eeems in a f<Hrmer Relation 
which I have not. (Note of Mr. Clayton..) 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 239 

night due west. The soil the farther we went, the richer. Stony, 
full of brave meadowe and old fields.* 

Sep^ 14. We set forward before sun rise our provision being 
all spent. We travelled as the path went sometimes southerly 
sometimes northerly over good ground but stony, sometimes ris- 
ing hills, imd then steep descents, as we marched in a clear place 
at the top of a hill we saw ag* ua lying south West a curious 
prospect of hills like waves raised by a gentle breese of wind 
rising one after another. M*" Batt supposed he saw houses: 
but I rather think them to be white CliflFs. We marched about 
20 Miles this day and about three of the Clock took up our 
quarters to see if our Indians could kill us some Deer, being 
West and by North very weary and hungry and Perecute con- 
tinuing very ill yet desirous to go forward. We came this day 
over several brave runs and hope tomorrow to see the Mctin 
River again. 

Sep*'. 16. Yesterday in the afternoon and this day we lived 
a dog^s life hunger and Ease. Our Indians having done their 
best could kill us no meat. The deer they said were in such 
herds and the ground so dry that one or other of them would 
spy them. No remedy. About one of the Clock we set forward 
and went about 16 Miles over some exceeding good and some 
indifferent ground a West and by North course till we came to 
a great run, that empties itself west and by North, as we sup- 
pose into the great River which we hope is nigh at hand. As 
we marched we met with some wild geese, berries and exceed- 
ing large haw^s, with which we were forced to feed ourselves. 

Sep^ 16. Our Guide went from us Yesterday and we saw him 
no more till we returned to the Toteras. Our Indians went a 
ranging betimes to see and kill ue some Deer as Meat. One 
came and told us they heard a drum and a gun go off to the 
northward. They brought us some exceeding good grapes and 
killed two turkies, which were very welcome and with which 
we refreshed ourselves, and about ten of the Clock set forward 

HDld fields is a common expressioii for La^d that has been Culti- 
vated by Indialkis and left fallow, which are generally overrun with 
what they call broome grata. (Note in the Original M6S.) 

Digitized by 


240 William and Mary Quaetbrlt. 

and after we had travelled about ten milee, one of our Indians 
killed MB a Deer and presently afterwards we had sight of a 
curious Eiver like Apamatack^iver. Its Course here was north 
and 00 €is we suppose runs West about certain curious Mountains 
we saw westward. Here we took up our quarters our course 
having been West. We understand the Mohecan Indians did 
here formerly live. It cannot be long ainoe for we find com 
stcdks in the ground. 

Sep^ 17. Early in the Morning we went to seek <0ome trees 
to mark, our Indians being impatient of longer stay, by reason 
it was Uke to be bad weather and that it was so difficult to get 
provision. We found four Trees exceeding fit for our purpose, 
that had been half barked by our Indians, standing one Biter 
the other. We first proclaimed the King in these woids: '* Long 
live Charles the Second by the ^'Grace of God King of England, 
Scotland, France, *'and Ireland and Virginia and of all the Ter- 
ritories '^thereunto belonging. Defender of the Faith &c^^ fired 
some guns and went to the first tree which we marked thus 
Y I with a pair of marking Itom for his sacred Majesty 
i^'^Y iien the next thus W B for the right honT)le Gov- 
ernor S' William Berkeley the third thus Aff^ 
for the hon'ble Major General Wood the last thus 

U : E F. P f or Perecute who said he would turn Englishman 
and on another tree hard by these letters one under another 
E.K TT. NP. VEE. After we had done we went our selves 
down to the Eiver side, but not without great difficulty it being a 
piece of very rich ground whereon the Moketans (sic) had 
formerly lived and grown up so with weeds and small prickly 
locusts and thistles to a very great height that it was almost 
impossible to pass. It cost us hard labour to get through. When 
we came to the. Eiver side we found it better and broadfer than 
we expected much like James Eiver at Col. Staggs the falls 
much like these falls, we imagined by the Water marks that 
it flows here about three feet. It was ^bing Water when we 
were here. We set up a Stick by the Water side, but found it 
ebb very slowly. Our Indians kept such a hallowing, that we 
durst not stay any longer to make farther trial. Immediately 

Digitized by 


William and Maky Quabtbrly. 241 

upon our ooming to our quartera, we returned homewarcle, and 
when- we were on the Top of the hill, we turned about and saw 
over against us westerly over a certain delightf uU hill a fog 
arise and a glimmering light as from Water. We suppose there 
to be a great Bay. We came to the Toteras tuesday night, 
where we found our horeee well and ourselves well entertained. 
We immediately had the news of M'. Byrd and his great Com- 
pany Discovery three miles from the Toteras Town. We here 
found a Mohekan Indian who having intelligence of our coming 
were afraid it had been to fight them, and had sent him to the 
Toteras to inquire. We gave him satisfaction to the contrary 
and that we came as f riendls, presented him with three or four 
Shots of Powder. He told us by our Interpreter, that we had 
from the Mountainfl half way to the place they now lived at. 
That the next town beyond them lived upon plain level, from 
whence came abundance of Salt. That he could infoim us no 
farther by reason thai there weie a very great company of 
Indians that lived upon the great Water. 

Sep^ 21. After very civil Entertainment, we came from the 
Toteras, and on Sunday Morning the 24*"* we came to the 
FJanakastdes. We found M' Wood dead, and buried, and his 
horse likewise dead, after Civil Entertainment with firing of 
Oune at parting which is more than usual. 

Sep^ 25. On Monday morning we came from thenee and 
leached to the Sapony^e that night where we stayed till Wed- 

Sep*' 27. We came from thence, they having been very oourte- 
ons to us. Al night we came to the Apomatack Town being very 
wet and weary. 

Oct*" 1. Being Sunday Morning we arrived safe at Fort Henry. 

Ood's Holy name be praised for our Preservation. 

Digitized by 



William and Mary Quaetbbly. 

{Communicated by the late Edward Wilson James,) 
Virginia Alunmi at the School of Medicine, University of 
Maryland, before the year 1862, taken from an '^ Historical 
Sketch of the University of Maryland School of Medicine,'' by 
Eugene Fauntleroy Cordell : 

James Agnew, 1819 

Shadiach Alfriend, 1815 

Benjamin Anderson, . . . .1824 

Charles L. Ashton, 1834 

MaMon K. Baldwin, 1850 

Peter G. Banks, ..1822 

H. Willis Bascett, 1822 

Alexander Bear, 1860 

William J. Best, 1856 

Powhatan Bledsoe, 1860 

George W. Bowlen, 1856 

B. W. BranhanL, 1824 

Joseph E. Broadwater. ..I860 

Samuel P. Brown 1850 

William D. Burkhardt,. .1852 

Aaron Burton, 1813 

Vincent M. Butler, 1841 

Thomas T. Cabaniss, 1848 

J. Grattan Cabell, 1840 

James B. Campbell, 1833 

Ed»war(i H. Carmichael,. .1817 

Jamea Oarmichael, 1822 

Watson Oarr, 1846 

James P. Carter, 1862 

Francis T. Chevis, 1827 

Stapleton OoaAes, 1833 

William G. Cook, 1833 

Levi O'C. Cordell, ..1825 

John C. Cromwell, 1819 

Henry Curtis, 1812 

Lawrence T. Dade, 1829 

John S. Daniel, 1860 

Bennet Dowler, 1827 

Joseph H. Downman, . . . 1826 
Thomas H. Dunn, 1851 

Edward C. Alexander,. . .1821 

Richard C. Ambler, 1831 

John M. Anderson, 1825 

Alexander H. Baer, 1835 

David BaU, 1828 

John D. Basberville, 1823 

James Beale, 1829 

Vans. Bennett, 1827 

Edward H. Birchett, 1820 

Charles Boarman, 1849 

R. C. Bowles, .1861 

Robert H. Broadnax, 1827 

D. W. Broadnax, 1836 

C. Beverly Budmer, 1842 

William Burnett, 1828 

Martin Burton, 1828 

James L. Cabell, 1834 

Panic. Callaway, 1837 

Joseph D. Campbell, 1846 

George F. Carmichael,. . .1828 
Mortimer A. R F. Carr,. .1851 

George W. Carter, 1849 

John J. Catlett, 1823 

James T. Chunn, 1851 

Henry M. Cohen, 1848 

William P. Cook, 1827 

Nathan H. Crawford,. ...1835 
WiUiam S. Curlett, 1829 

John M. Daniel, 1822 

Charles H. Diggs, 1861 

Statton B, Downing, 1856 

William F. Drummond,. .1850 
William C. Durkin, 1841 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 


Henry J. Edwards,. .... .1855 

Albert M. Elam, 1829 

Edward T. Farish, 1820 

David C. Ferguson, 1855 

Crawley Finney, 1823 

Francis C. Fitzhugh, 1824 

Henry W. Fitzhugh, 1825 

Peter C. Floumoy, 1851 

Alfred H. Garaett, 1833 

William Gkaroett, 1828 

George S. Gibson, 1823 

Peachy H. Gilmer, 1835 

Samuel H. Gordon, 1822 

Albert W. Gray, 1852 

Eobert C. N, Grymeo, 1830 

Enofl F. Gunter, 1848 

Charles L. Gwynn, 1860 

Daniel D. Hall, 1828 

Hiram W. Harding, 1860 

Abraham Hanell, 1833 

John S. Harriflon, 1837 

Charles A. Harrow, .1819 

George T. Hays, 1850 

Horaoe M. Heath, . . .1860 

Thomas Y. Henry, 1841 

Edwin HOTttdon, 1830 

George Hill, 1823 

Bandall Holden, 1861 

Whitfield HoUeman, 1829 

Abraham B. Hooe, 1826 

George A. Howard, 1851 

Charles M. Hubberd, 1830 

Alfred Hadralt, 1828 

John Hughlett^ 1829 

Eichard T. Hurt, 1861 

Edmund G. Edrington,. .1825 
Thomas D. Eubank, 1857 

Kobert B. Fauntleroy,. . .1854 

John W. Field, 1860 

William F. Fisher, 1856 

George W. Fitzhugh, 1836 

Robert Fleming, 1857 

George French, 1823 

Joseph Gamett, 1820 

B. F. Garr, 1861 

John St. P. Gibson, 1858 

William E. Glenn, 1856 

J. Milton Gouldin, 1861 

Triplett C. Greene, 1833 

Charles A. GuUat, 1824 

James C. Guy, 1837 

Hugh Hamilton, 1825 

Goodwyn H. Harper, ....1822 

George W. Harris, 1826 

John A. Hawkins, 1853 

Robert W. Htoall, 1826 

Joseph G. Hays, 1834 

Edward H. Henry, 1835 

Bpodie S. Hemdon, 1829 

H. Lot Higgins, 1853 

Eobert C. HilUard, 1843 

Griffin W. Holland, 1827 

Lewis L. Holliday, 1825 

John W. H. Hopkins, 1854 

T. Semmes Hoxton, 1852 

Albert G. Hudgins, 1826 

James F. Hughes,. ...... 1860 

John H. Hunter, 1855 

William H. TAnson, 1846 

Samuel R. Jackson, 1848 

William H, Jameson, 1822 

Benjamin Johnson, 1818 

John B. Johnson, 1852 

Robert Johnston, 1823 

George P. Jacob, 1826 

Nathan H. Janney, 1843 

Henry M. Johnson, 1827 

William H. Johnson, 1830 

Robert Johnston, 1852 

Digitized by 



William and Mary Quabterly. 

Witoon W. Jones, 1846 

Mille M. Jordan, 1841 

William H. Keflfer, 1850 

Arthur T. Kennedy, 1851 

William Kirk, 1828 

John B. Lacy, 1858 

Benjcunin Lanier, 1827 

Edldn W. LeCato, 1860 

Eichard C. Lee, 1859 

Richard S. Lomax, 1855 

EU N.Love, 1849 

Eichard C. Mackall, . . . .1847 

Samuel W. Mapp, 1844 

Jiames J. Maisden, 1823 

Cynw C. Miarsfceller, 1818 

John Seddom Mason, 1836 

Bushrod L May, 1850 

James McDowell, 1844 

David McKaw, 1823 

William T. McMedien, . .1854 

Henry P. McSherry, 1858 

Charles Minor, 1835 

John H. Minor, 1852 

John E. Moler, 1840 

John Morgan, 1821 

John Morris, 1826 

Sterling Neblitt, Jr.,. . . .1816 

Eobeit H. Nelson, 1823 

Eichard Norris, 1828 

Abner Osbum, 1848 

Cincinnatus Outten, 1855 

M. Montrose Pallen, 1835 

William H. Patillo, ....1817 

William P. Paittx>n, 1826 

Elisha B. Pendleton, 1841 

Jas. W. Poindeiter, 1834 

Ignacione Price, 1816 

Albeit H. Prosser, 1829 

Horooe W. Pumphrey,. . .1830 

Charles H. Jordan, 1857 

Merton Jordan, 185^ 

E. E. Kellam, 1861 

Michael King, 1820 

John J. E. Krozer, 1848 

William L. Lambeth, 1820 

George P. Leatherbnry, . . 1857 

Benjamin Lee, 1818 

Alfred' Lewis, 1826 

Dunitt Long, 1816 

David H. Lovett, 1833 

Prancis. E. Mansoix, 1822 

Thomas E. Mapp, 1856 

Aehton A. Marshall, 1845 

Honori Martin, 1829 

William A. Mteasie, 1816 

John Mayo, 1835 

Peter J. McGaxy, 1856 

Haynes McKay, 1826 

William McQmnn, 1849 

Alexander T. B. Merritt,.1823 

Jefferson Minor, 1824 

Eichftrd T. Mitchell, 1854 

Eeuben H. Moore, 1857 

William W. Morgan, 1825 

Edward L. ISTelaon, 1823 

Napoleon B. Nevitt, 1857 

Tbos. J. J.L. NottiBghanvl830 

George E. E. Owens, 1861 

George Parber, 1823 

George Patterson, 1825 

William 0. Peake, 1824 

George E. Plaster, 1848 

Charles Pattie, 1826 

Eobert P. Price, 1857 

B. W. Pomphrey, 1880 

John E. Pnrdie, 182^ 

Digitized by 


William and Makt Quabtbklt. 


John L. Bead, 1849 

John Reynolds, 1840 

Thomas Bobertson, 1822 

Alexander Bobinson, . . « . 1845 

James B. Bogers, 1822 

M. Bowan, 1815 

Walton Saunders, 1856 

Franklin L. Sewell, 1851 

Jesse J. Simkins, 1827 

Charies H. Smith, 1844 

James Smith, 1855 

Beuben Smith, 1855 

Washington A. Smith, . . . 1842 

William M. Smith, 1830 

Charles L. Snyidear, 1812 

Thomas B. Steele, 1849 

George K Steptoe, 1817 

Williem A. StiUman, 1823 

John W. Stout, 1833 

Benjamin Taliaferro, .... 1853 

Isaac H. Taylor, 1836 

John B. Taylor, 1855 

John M. Teacle, 1827 

James A. Templemian,. . .1861 

Thomas Creed, 1835 

John Thompson, 1823 

Henry P. Thornton, 1817 

Thomas A. H. Thornton,. 1836 

J. B. Tilden, 1826 

Bobert M. Tutt, 1830 

Frederick Van Bibber, . ..1857 

Hugh H. Waite, 1823 

William J. Waller, 1823 

Dawson Warren, 1827 

Beverly B. Wellford, 1816 

Edwin Whitehead, 1823 

James J. Williams, 1824 

Henry P. C. Wilson, 1851 

Andrew B. Woodley, 1824 

Bichard 0. Wyatt, 1861 

Bob«rt W. Young, 1825 

George V. A. Beed, 1836 

Patrick C. Bobb, 1815 

WiUiam H. Bobins, 1860 

George W. Bobinson, 1824 

William B. Bose, 1834 

Edward A. Bowzee, 1827 

Bichard Y: Seldon, 1827 

Peachy H. Silver, 1835 

Austin Smith, 1827 

Isaac Smith, 1844 

Joseph Y. Smith, 1819 

Scott B. Smith, 1857 

William G. Smith, 1823 

Joseph E. Snodgrass, 1836 

Philip E. Spindle, 1850 

Philip P. W. Stephenson, . 1836 

Benjamin F. Stewart, 1826 

John P. B. Stone, 1830 

Ezekiel S. TaUy, 1824 

J^se Taylor, 1816 

Leonard C. Taylor, 1830 

John T. Temple, 1824 

Nicholas Terrel, 1825 

John Hanson Thomas,. . .1836 
Wm. H. Thompson, Jr.,. .1854 
James B. C. P. Thomton,1818 
William G. Thioamton, . . . 1830 
John H. Tompkins, 1828 

Eldridge B. Veitch, Jr.,. .1857 

Hiram H. Wialker, 1860 

Epaphiroditus L. Waring,. 1817 

James Watson, 1826 

Silas C. White, 1854 

Walter M. Wickham, 1826 

Philip M. Williams, 1856 

John J. H. Wise, 1854 

Pober Woodward, 1823 

Digitized by 


246 William and Mary Quabtbrly. 

The following names are also cond^ained in the general 
Alumni Catalogue of 1877, but as they have not been verified 
by the author, they are placed in a separate list. There are 
no means of verifying thoae of 1831 and 1832, as no lists of 
graduates of those years are accessible. Those given for 1838 
and 1839* miay be names of graduates in the Trustees' School, 
the MS. records of whose classes are not to be found. Those 
for other years are pixybably incorrect, but I have hesitated to 
drop them. There were no circulars or catalogues until after 

E. Otway Blakey, 1832 George M. Brown, 1831 

H. E. Bowman, 1839 

J. P. Chandler, 1839 Walker Jones, 1832 

John M. Dowell, 1827 John S. Lewis, 1831 

Thomas 0. Edwards, 1831 Alexander H. Mason, 1831 

Ed. C. Eisher, 1831 R H. Cumming, 1831 

J. A. E. Horsay, 1831 

Presley Nelmd, 1832 Robert A. Nelson, 1832 

Francis W. G. Thomas,. ..1832 

Albert E. Wrenn, 1831 John C. Wright, 1831 


Oenedlogy of the Venable Family, as Prepared by Nathaniel 

Tenable, of Prince Edward County, Va., Dated 

December 25, 1790. 

(Communicated by Joseph J. Casey.) 
Abraham Venable came fTOm England into Virginia, TJ. S. A., 
and married the widow of John Nicks, who was the daughter 

of — Lewis; left issue one son, Abraham Venable, who 

was bom 22d March, 1700, and who married Martha Davis, 
daughter of Nathaniel Davis, of Hanover county. Left issue, 
sons, Abraham^, Hugh Lewis, Charles, Nathaniel, James, WH- 
Ham, and John, and daughters, Ann married to Phil King, of 
Cumberland county; Elizabeth m/arried to Josiah Morton, of 

Digitized by 


William and Mart Quabtebly. 247 

Charlotte ooxmtj, and Mary married to Charles Moorman, of 
Louisa county. 

Abraham, the third, married to Elizabeth Michaux, daughter 
of Jacob Michaux, of Cumiberiand county; left issue, sons, John, 
Samuel, Abraiham, Jacob, Nathaniel and Josiah, and daughters 
Mary married to Charles Allen of Hanover county; Mari;ha mar- 
ried to John Holcombe of Prince Ediward county. John, the 
son of Abraham, the third, married to Elizabeth Baine, daughter 
of Captain John Baine, of Cumberland county; left issue one 
son Abraham, and daughters Martha and Elizabeth Michauz. 
Samuel, the son of Abraham, the third, married to Ann Ander- 
son, daughter of Thomas Anderson, of Mecklenburg counity, 
left no issue. Jacob, eon of Abraham, the third, married to 
Mary Venable of Campbell county, has issue sons John Hol- 
combe and Samuel. 

Hugh Lewifi, son of Abraham, the second, married to Mary 
Martin, daughter of old William Martin, of Albemarle county, 
has issue sons, Nathaniel, John and Abraham, and daughters 
Martha married to Balph Banks, Judith married to William 
Moorman, of Campbell county; Elizabeth married to Bichard 
Bragg, of Fluvanna county; Mary married to John Moorman, 
of Campbell county. 

Charles, the eon of Abraham, the iseoond, married to Elizabeth 
Smith, daughter of Robert Smith, of Port Boyal, has issue sons 
Bobert and Charles, and daughters Mary married to Bobert 
Martin, of King and Queen coumty; Elizabeth married to Mas- 
saniello Womack, of Cumberland county; Sarah married to 
Peyton Glenn, of Prince Edward county; Martha married to 
William Brown, of Charlotte county; Ann married to Daniel 
Glenn, of Prince Edward county; Dorothy married to John 
Goode, of Charlotte county; Agnes and Nancy. Bobert, son 
of Charles, married to SariQi Madison, daughter of Henry Madi- 
son, of Charlotte county; has issue daughters Martha, Bettie, 
Pollie, and sons Bobert, James and Joseph. 

Nathaniel, the son of Abraham, the second, married to Eliza- 
beth Woodson, daughter of Bichard Woodson, of Prince Edward 
county, hath son5 Samuel W., Abraham B., Bichard N., 

Digitized by 


248 William and Mary Quabtebly. 

Kathaniel^ William and Thomiae, and daugbbers Bettie Ann 
married Thomas Watkins, of Prince Edward county; Mariiuu 
Ann^ Agnee^ Mary^ Frances^ and Elizabeth. Samuel^ son of 
Nathaniel, married to Mary Carrington, daughter of Colonel 
Paul Carrington, of Chariotte county; has issue daughters 
Elizabeth Woodeon, Paggie Reed, Ann Mayo, Mary Carrington, 
Clemin:tina and Henningham. 

James, the eon of Abraham the second, married to Judith 
Morton, daughter of Joseph Morton, of Charlotte county, has 
issue sons, Abraham, Joeej^, Samuel, James, and daughiters 
Agnes, married to William Mahone, of Prince Edward county; 
Elizabeth Jane, Mary Ann married to Dr. (Jeoige Lynn, of 
Charlotte county; Frances and Martha Davis. Abraham, eon of 
James, niarried to Mary Morton, daughter of Samuel Moiton^ 
of Charlotte county, has issue sons, Samuel and Jame^. Joseph^ 
son of James, married to Elizabeth Watkins, daughter of Frank 
Watkins, clerk of Prince Edward Court. 

William, son of Abraham the second, married to Ann Clark, 
daughter of Isaac Clark, of Louisa county, left issue sons 
Abraham, William, James and Charles. Abraham, eon of Wil- 
liam, married to Anne Hundly, daughter of the Widow Hundly, 
of Caroline county; has issue one son, Bichard Hundly. 

John, the son of Abraham the second^ married to Agnes Moor- 
man, daughter of Charles Moorman, of Louisa county, has issue 
sons, Eobert, Charles, Abraham, William, Nathaniel and daugh- 
ters Mary, married Jacob Venable, of Prince Edward county; 
Martha and Diana. 

Nathaniel, son of Abraham the third, married to Martha 
Venable, daughter of Nathaniel Venable, of Prince ESdward 
coxmty, left issue Abraham Michaux, Nathaniel Joseph (usually 
written Nathaniel J.), Samuel Lewis, Thomas Henry, Elizabeth 
Mary, and Martha Ann Woodson. Abraham Michaux, son of 
Nathaniel and Martha Venable, married Catharine Harris; has 
issue Mary Frances, Martha Elizabeth, Richard Woodson, 
Nathaniel Claiborne, Thomas Edmund, William Lewifi, Abra- 
ham, Benjamin Wilson, Samuel and Ann Virginia. Nathaniel 
son of Nathaniel and Martha Venable, married Elizabeth 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quabterlt. 249 

Dennifi^ had issue Bettie Haskind; seoand marriage to Mary 
Woodson ; has issue Nannie W., Martha Agnes, Mary W., and 
Charles W. Samuel Yenable, son of Nathaniel ^sLad Martha 
Venable, married Virginia W. Bransford; had issue Qoodridge 
Wilson, Nathaniel Benjamin, Thomas S., and Elizabeth MJary. 

Copied from the genealogy as prepared by Nathaniel Venable, 
of Prince Edward oounty, Va., dated December 25, 1790, with 
later additions by Maggie V. V. Martin, September 4, 1891. 

With the exception that Michaux is spelled in the copy 
Micheaux, the above is a correct copy. C. 


Wm of Nathaniel Venable, the third, dated March 18, 1778, and 
proved in Prince Edward county at April Court, 1778. Names Bona 
John, Samuel, and Nathaniel, and daughter Mary Allen ; mentions Mar- 
tha Holcourt, a^d makes wife, Nathaniel Venable, and Samuel Venable, 
Jr., and Charles Allen executors. 

Will of John Venable, son of Abraham the third, dated May 6, 1782, 
proved in Cumberland county, September 23, 1782. Names wife, Eliza- 
beth, son, Abraham, and dalighter, Martha; makes Joseph Williams, 
Charles Allen and Samuel Venable, executors. 

St. Peter's Parish Register, New Kent Co.: Sarah, wife of Abraham 
Venable, deceased ye 13 day of Feby., 1687-8. Isaac deceased same day. 
Abraham, eon of Abraham Venable, baptized the 27 April, 1701. 




{Continued from page 123.) 


Will Smith and Mary Rhodes, Clifton Rhodes, b. April 12, 1784. 
Will Pryor and Elizabeth Hughes, William, b. Jan. 21, 1784. 
Stephen Yancey and Jean Bond, John, b. May 29, 1784. 
Edward Hemdon and Betty Minor, George, b. Sept. 12, 1784. 
Pomphrey Gooch and Mary Thomas, John, b. Nov. 2, 1784. 
Aaron Eonitain and Barbara Terrell, Pat»y Minor, b. March 14, 

Digitized by 


250 William and Mary Quabterly. 

Ben Bobinson and Catherine Parker^ Ann Parker^ b. March. 22, 

Col. Garret Minor and Mary Terrell, son James, b. April 18, 

Major Thomas Johnson and Uraillia Bow, Lucy, b. July 14, 1781. 
Macon Biggare and Christian Giasage, Huldah, b. May 17, 1783, 

and Betsie Smith, b. April 22, 1785. 
Joseph Nelson and Lucy Tate, Sarah, b. April 1, 1785. 
Will Jordan Morton and Martha Pryor, Sarah, b. Nov. 10, 1781 ; 

Rebecca, b. May 21, 1783, Frances, b. March 9, 1785. 
George Underwood and Elizabeth Curd, William, b. January 23, 

Joseph Nelson and Agatha Winston, Ca/therine Winston, b. Sept. 

30, 1785. 
Garland Cosbie and Molly Poindexter, Nicholas, b. Feb. 22, 1785. 
Stephens Thomson and Mary Armistead, Armistead Thomson, 

b. Aug. 4, 1785. 
Bobert Cobb and Ann Given Poindexter, Jo: Poindexter, b. May 

27, 1785. 
Jo : Nelson and Lucy Robinson, Elizabeth, b. Got. 18, 1785. 
Richard Anderson and Caty Fox, Charles, b. May 7, 1781, Su- 
sanna, b. Got. 1, 1782; Joseph, b. Aug. 17, 1784; Nancy, b. 

Nov. 22, 1785. 
Ifeham Bailey and Susanna Woodson, John, b. July 18, 1785. 
Jo : Maddison and Mary Biggars, Nancy, b. August 6, 1785. 
Will Biggar and Martha Ridiardson, Landie, b. Sept. 20, 1785. 
Col. Jo: Anderson and Susannah Daniel, Jo: Daniel, b. May 3, 

Armistead Brown and Sally Daniel, Henry, b. May 10, 1786. 
Edmund Curd and Elizabeth Crogwell, Sam Hawes, b. July 10, 

Jos. Nelson and Rebecca Wooduffe, John, b. May 4, 1786. 
Thos. Johnson and Betsy Merriwether, Ann Merriwether, b. 

Oct. 10, 1786. 
Jo: Poindexter suSi Elizabeth Thornton Johnson, Nicholas, b. 

Sept. 17, 1786. 
Aaron Fontaine and Barbara Terrill, Sarah, b. March 17, 1787. 
Richard Cole and Sarah Sansum, William, b. Oct. 5, 1786. 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quabtbrly. 261 

Ch. Barret and Elizabeth dough. Will Torrenoe, b. Feb. 29,1787. 
Bichard Johnson and Susanna Garret, Kitty, b. Dec. 18, 1786. 
Chas. Thomas and Frances Armistead, James, Nov. 13, 1786. 
Stei^ien Southall and Martha Wood, Mary Wood, b. April 9, 1787. 
Archer Payne and Martha Dandridge, America, b. Nov. 5, 1786. 
George Underwood and Eliza Curd, John Curd, b. Jan. 26, 1786. 
George Quisenbxiry and Jane Daniel, George, b. Sept. 23, 1786, 
Col. Garret Minor an-d Mary Overton TyrrhiU, Louisa, b. Aug. 

13, 1787. 
James Chiles and Suwnna Graves, Jeanie, b. January 29, 1788. 
Will Armistead and Mary Knuckles, Bebecca, b. January 11^ 

Sam Cole and Elizabeth Cosby, Lydia, b. Oct. 22, 1787. 
Pumphrey Gough and Mary Thomson, Boiling, b. Oct 31, 1787. 
Claibom Googe and MiUy Thomson, ITnie, b. Sept. 14, 1787. 
Caleb Lindsay and Sally Stevens, Sally Montague, b. June 2, 

Ed. Dudley and Boxanna Smith, Ballard Smith, b. Sept. 11,1789. 
Armistead Brown and Sally Daniel, Sally Beverlqr, b. Oct 3, 

Benjamin Bobinson and Catharine Parker, Eliz. Wiiurton Parker, 

b. June 6, 1789. 
Jo: Poindexter and Elizabeth Hunter Johnson, Lucy Jones, b. 

Feb. 2, 1789. 
Caleb Lindsay and Sally Stevens, Landon, b. May 25, 1789. 
Col. Garret Minor and Mary Overton Terrill, Sam Overton, June 

13, 1790. 
Bobt. Cobb and Nancy Poindexter, Dec. 25, 1789. 
Samuel Newton and Agnes Chiles, Samuel, b. Oct. 7, 1789. 
Ed. Dudley and Boxanna Smith, Ann Meriwether, Sept. 27,1792. 
Aaron Fontaine and Barbara Terrill, William Maury Fontaine, 

b. Jan. 16, 1793. 
Oct. 5, 1792, Bichard Terrell and Lucy Carr married. 
July 17, 1793, Bichard Terrell and Martha Jeflferson, married. 
Aaron Fontaine and Barbara Terrell, Barbara Carr, b. Dec. 25, 

1794; Ann ^'Overton,'' b. April 19, 1796. 
Armistead Brown and Sally Daniel, Edwin Jones, b. July 23, 


Digitized by 


252 WiLUAH AND Mary Quabtbblt. 

Funeral Sermons. 

June 12, lYSS', Capt. Holman; April 23, 1770, Booth Napi«; 
May 29, 1766, Tho: Maasie; July 18, 1760, Mr. Goodwin; May 
6, 1763, Mre. Tilman in Albemarle; May 31, 1769, Noel Burton; 
July 23, 1773, Bev. Mr. McLaurin's in Cumberland, once my 
scholar for many yeaia. Nov. 4, 1774, Mrs. Maasie^s; Dec. 12, 
1775, Mrs. Woodson's; June 9, 1777, Ool. Pryor'e; Booth Napier, 
Jr., April 23, 1770; Dec. 12, 1776, Mre. Tucker Woodson; Not. 
4, 1774, Nat Maasie; Sept. 19, 1782, CoL Anderson's wife 
(Louisa counly) ; March 13, 1772, Mrs. Cobbs; July 18, 1760, 
Mrs. Goodwin's, in Albemarle; May 29, 1755, 'Hio: Massie's 
wife; May 5, 1763, Tho. Tilman's wife in Amheret; July 5, 1773, 
died Bev. Mr. McLaurin of Cumberland; Dec. 21, 1761, Bev. 
Mr. Will Proctor of Amelia, my most serious companion. CoL 
Jo: Smith, in Goochland, died 1775; Capt Jo: Watts in West- 
moreland died May 19, 1753; Mrs. Grayson, Col. Monroe's sister 
died Nov., 1762. 

Jan. 20, 1768, Col. Turner and Harry Ashton died last FalL 

Feb. 5, 1767, Jo: Monroe ye Colonel's son died, a pious young 

Dec. 2, 1789, Gol. Jo: Woodson in Goochland died. 

Jan. 2, 1790, Col. Jo: Wilson died aged 47 in Louiea. 

Dec. 2, 1791, Mr. Joseph Pdllard died. 

Dec. 19, 1790, Mr. Eobt. Armistead died aged 60; July 27, 
1790, Bev. Jo: Todd died; July 12, 1793, Col. Beverly Winslow 
died aged 60; Nov. 20, 1793, Mr. Tho: Bandolph of Tuciaboe 
died; July 29, 1784, Col. Jo: Payne in Goochland died; Dec 
2, 1789, Col. Jo : Woodson in Goochland died ; Feb. 2, 1794, Doro- 
tiiea Bandolph his wife died; Oct. 23, 1794, Mat. Woodson died; 
Dec. 2, 1795, Dr. George Gilmer died; Jan. 7, 1768, Allan Bam- 
eay died; Aug. 28, 1788, Bev. Charles Wesley, Methodist, died; 
May 2, 1791, Bev. John Wesley, his brother, died ; Sept. 30, 1770, 
Mr. George Whitfield died, aged 56; Jan. 2, 1790, Col. Jo: Nel- 
son deid in Louisa, aged 48 ; Feb. 2, 1794, Mrs. Bethia Woodam 
died; Oct. 23, 1794, Matt Woodson died. 

Col. Tho. B(andolph) of Tuckahoe and Ann Carey, 
WiUiam, b. June 15, 1770, 
Archibald, b. Aug. 24, 1771. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quabvbrly. 253 

Judith, b. Nov. 24, 1772, 
Ann, b. July 25, 1774, 
Jean> b. Dec. 17, 1776 
Tho. Mann, b. Oct. 1, 1778 
Archibald Bryoe and Mary Mitchell married July 21, 1769 : 
July 31, 1770, Mary Gilchrist, baptized by Douglas. 
Jan. 3, 1773, Agnes, baptized by Mr. Coats, died, 
Mdi. 14, 1775, Will, baptized by Mr. Seld^, died. 
Feb. 3, 1780, Ann 
March 9, 1782, Elizabeth. 

May 3, 1784, Johnj, baptized by Mr. Buchanan. 
June 15, 1796, Chariotte, baptized by Mr. Buchanan. 
Dec. 19, 1742, Capt. Jo: Cole & Mary Wills had a child called 

George Barclay and Mary Cole were married Aug. 7, 1766, Issue : 
Patrick, bom October 18, 1770; Catie, bom July 22, 1772; 
Lucy Martin, bom Mar. 15, 1776. 
Capt. Ja: Cole died, aged 42, Mar. 1767. 
July, 1770, Mrs. Mary Cole died. 

Feb., 1778, Ja: Dickeraon & Mary Cole als. Barclay married. 
Susanna Robinson, bom March 21, 1779; NTancy Eoecow, bom 

May 31, 1780; 
James, bom Dec. 24, 1781. 
Oct. 5, 1767, Geo. Barclay & Mary Cole had Mary, who married 

John Boxley, April 18, 1789. 
Mr. Sam Cole & Eliz. Cosbie's children: — Barbara, Elizabeth, 
John, Bichard, Mary, William, Lydia, Sally, Thomas, 
Bebecca, Louisa, Samuel. 
Charles Coebie & Eliz. Sydnor married Dec. 14, 1759. (Once 
here in Louisa, now in Georgia). Issue : 
Sydnor, bom Oct. 7, 1762; Robert, bom Sept. 26, 1765; For- 
tunatus, bom Dec. 30, 1767; Richmond, bom Dec. 14, 1772; 

Jamee, bom Oct. 20, 1774 ; David, bom ; Charles Scott ; 

Patsy, bom Feb. 13, 1764; Judith, bom Oct. 12, 1769 ; Polly 
his 3d. daughter, bom March 16, 1771 ; Barbara, 4th. daugh- 
ter; Lucy, 5th. daughter, bom March 5, 1783. 

Digitized by 


254 William and Maky Quabtekly. 

Chrigtopher Clark, once in Louisa, now in Georgia, an aooonnt 
of his family, June, 1791 : 
Milly Tyrell his wife; Micajah, oldest son married; Christo- 
pher age 30; David aged 28; Morning, aged 26 — has five 
daughters; Judith, married aged 24— one child; Badiel 
about 22, has 3 boys — ^a widow now ; Agathy about 20 ; Molly 
about 18 married; Samuel, 16; Joshua, 14; Milley, 12; 
Chilee Tyrell died aged 2 months; Suekie, 9^; Lucy, 6. 

Begiflter of Henry Bibb & Sarah Meed, his wife : 
Bobert, Mary, John, Minor, Ann, Sueannah, Henry, Hartwell, 
Sarah, David, Patsy & Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Barbara Tyrel Mrs. Fountain, was bom Sept. 3, 1756. 

Nov. 30, 1766, Mr. Aaron Fountaine bom, & Married May 19, 
E^ister of their children: Peter, bom Dec. 15, 1774; James 
Tyrel, bom Nov. 19, 1776; Mary Ann, bom Oct. 14, 1778; 
Elizabeth, bom Sept. 15, 1780; Matilda, bom Sept. 13, 
1782; Patsie Minor, born March 14, 1785; Sallie Sarah, 
bom March 17, 1787; Moriah, bom Feb. 16, 1789; America, 
bom March 10, 1791 ; Will Maury, bom Jan. 16, 1793; Bar- 
bara Ker, bom Dec. 25, 1794; Ann Overton, bom April 19, 

Col. Jo: Nelson's Family, Feb. 18, 1789: 
Jo: Nelson & Fanny Armistead were married; Sept, 1765, 
Frances Anderson y"^ daughter was bom. 

Jo: Nelson & Rebecca Woodley were married. Issue: Sarah, 
Philip, Ann, Hephzibah, Rebecca Woodley, Mary, Elizabeth, 
Mary, now dead, Lucy Eppes, William, Catherine Griffin, 
John, Solmon Hughes. 

Sept. 1753, Old Stephen Sampson & Sarah Johneon were mar- 
ried. Jan., 1757, Sarah Sampson was bom; Sept., 1759, 
Eliz. Sampson was bom; June 11, 1763, Ann Sampson was 
bom; Jan. 13, 1765, Will Sampson was bom; Feb. 7, 1768, 
Jean Sampson was bora; Oct. 8, 1769, Stephen Sampson 
was bom; Jan. 9, 1772, James Johnson was bom; Dec. 12, 
1773 Their old very honest grandfather, Stephen Sampson, 
was buried, &c. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaktbbly. 256 

March, 1753, Jo : Atkins & Sarah Brockman in Orange were mar- 
ried: April 4, 1754, their son Frankie was bom; May 27, 
1755, Joseph was bom; Feb. 4, 1757, John w«e bom'; March 
3, 1759, Susannah was bom; Sept. 18, 1760, Jonathan was 
bom; July 4, 1762 Ann was bom; May 17, 1764 Hezekiah 
was bom; May 12, 1767 Mary was bom; May 11, 1769 Sarah 
was bom; May 17, 1771 Martha was bom; June 27, 1773 
Sarah Lydia was bom; July 4, 1775 Bhodie was bom ; Aug. 
23, 1778 Bebecca was bom; In all 13 children. 


April 1, 1782, Adam, David and Baehel Coleman. 

Burril Coleman.* 
Dec. 12, 1786, Adams, Dauoey and Dolcey Clay. 
April 24, 1787, Adams, Daucey andj Nancy Parley. 
Aug. 16, 1790, Adams, David and Tanner. 
Dec., 1809, Adams, John and Elizabeth Clay. 
Dec. 2, 1802, Adams, Dauoey and Patsy Oard^well. 
May, 1807, Adams, Edward and SaraJi Taylor Holcombe. 
March, 1801, Adams, Wylie and Soally Young. 
April, 1795, Adams, William and Jurcey Eagland. 
Dec., 1816, Adams, Philip and Martha Foster 
Dec. 1830, Adams, Armistead D. and Mary A. Steger. 
April 18, 1795, Adams, David and Jury Eagland. 
Nov. 28, 1787, Adson, Charles and Fanny Riddle. ' 
June 24, 1780, Allfriend, Benj ; and Ann Dudley (d. of Ed. W.). 
Sept. 4, 1768, Allen, Daniel and Frances Neal (widow), John 

July 30, 1779, Allen, Richard (of Dinwiddle) and Winefred 

March 10, 1784, Allen, William and Betsy Johnson. 

Ardier Johnson. 

^Witness or security. 

Digitized by 


256 William and Mabt Quabterly. 

April 10, 1790, Allen, Daniel and Tabitha Coleman (''darter^' of 

Jesse and Sara). 
Jan'y, 1792, Allen, Richard and Elizabeth T. Phillips. 
Sept., 1801, Allen, Joseph and Sarah Bevill. 
Aug., 1802, Allen, John and Nancy Hill Bevill. 
Dec. 2, 1806, Allen, Daniel and Sarah Clay. 
May 17, 1806, Allen, James and Elizabeth Jeter. Bodolphil Jeter. 
Dec., 1809, Allen, Benj : and Jane Jeter. 
Jan., 1812, Allen, Richard and Tabitha Southall. 
Feb. 26, 1812, Allen, Richard and Tabitha Coleman. 
Sept., 1814, Allen, Alexander and Martha Allen. 
Nov., 1818, Allen, Wm. P. (e. of Rich*) and Adeline Averry. 
June, 1819, Allen, Richard and Martha L. Rodgers. 
Oct., 1821, Allen, Matthew and Eliza C. Mann. 
March, 1824, Allen, William and Elizabeth Carpenter. 
Aug., 1825, Allen, Joseph and Mary A. P. Bevill, 
Dec., 1830, Allen, Edward H. and Mary I. Alfriend. 
May, 1807, Ambler, Edward and Sarah Taylor Holcombe. 
Jan*y 24, 1760, Anderson, Henry and Martha Cocke. Benj. Ward. 
March 4, 1761, Anderson, Richard and Jane Foster. Thos. X 

Sept. 20, 1783, Anderson, James and Sally Bagley, (d. of (Jeo.) 

Peter Randolph. 
Nov. 17, 1784, Anderson, Worsham and Misannah Knight (d. of 

Nov. 16, 1784, Anderson, Reynard and Mary Ford. 
May 17, 1787, Anderson, Matthew and Martha Dicen. John 

April 9, 1789, Anderson, Matthew and Polly Bagley, (d. of 

George). James Bagley. 
May 1, 1790, Anderson, Francis and Sally Anderson Blackburn. 
March, 1800, Anderson, Churchill and Polly Goode. 
July, 1801, Anderson, Claiborne and Polly Branch Jones. 
Nov., 1812, Anderson, Jas. P. and Martha Hatcher. 
Nov., 1816, Anderson, Mathew and Elizabeth Mary Jones. 
July, 1819, Anderson, Joseph B. and Sara Soott Meriwether. 
Aug., 1825, Anderson, Francis and Mary Ann Holland. 

Digitized by 


William and Mart Quaktbbly. 257 

June, 1830, Anderoon, Tboe. and Martha Anne Henderson. 
April 2, 1783, Andrews, Eaoey and Lucy Green (d. of Lucy). 

John Green & George Green. 

1819, Andrews, Boiling E. and Rebecca Brewer. 

1783, Angell, John and Elizabeth Hundley. John Hundley. 
Oct., 1808, Angel, John andi Polly T. Eoberts, (d. of Jacob). 
Dec. 26, 1812, Angel, Eobt. J. and Judith Boberts. 
Feb. 8, 1760, Archer, John and Elizabeth Townes. 
Feb. 22, 1776, Archer, Henry and Mary Bandolph. Sam* SherwilL 
Dec., 1768, Archer, John and Ann Hall. Tboe. Hall. 
Oct. 22, 1782, Archer, Field and Frances Tanner, (d. of Branch). 
Dec. 4, 1784, Archer, John and Ann Bott Joel Bott. 
March 3, 1790, Archer, William and Prudence Callicott. (d. of 

June 19, 1794, Archer, Bichd. and Mary Chastain Cocke. 

Stephen Cocke. 
Jan'y, 1799, Archer, Peter F. and Judith E. Cocke. 
Feb., 1801, Archer, Dr. John B. and Frances C. Tabb. (i of 

Oct., 1810, Archer, Miles and Nancy W. Archer. 
Sept., 1812, Archer, Peterfield and Ann Jones. 
Nov., 1824, Aahbrook, Peter and Elizabeth Eoberts. 
June, 24, 1790, Aeselin, Francis and Edith Cobbs. 
March, 1819, Atkins, Daniel E. and Nancy Walthall, 
Dec. 22, 1801, Atkinson, Jery and Betsey Meadows. 
Dec. 6, 1759, Atwood, James and Mary Turner (widow). 
June, 1795, Avary, Nathan and Elizabeth Williams (d. of Phil). 
Feb. 10, 1801, Avery, Joel and Sally EUenton. 
Aug., 1809, Averry, William and Dolly Clay. (d. of Chas.) 
June, 1821, Avary, William and Maria Aviary. 
Dec., 1814, Avis, Joseph W. and Mary Booker Overton. 
June 9, 1766, Bagley, John and Mary W. Sallard. Ch&s. Sallard. 
April 8, 1789, Bagley, James and Rachel Crenshaw (d. of James) . 
June 9, 1766, Bailey, John and Mary Metcalf Sallard. Chas Sal- 
Nov. 28, 1799, Bailey, Jeremiah and Frances Cousins. 
Feb., 1830, Jordan and Frances Clybome (ward of Eichard 


Digitized by 


268 William and Mary Quartbbly. 

May 24, 1784, Baker, John and Frances WalthalL 

Aug. 13, 1778, Baldwin, John and Mary Angell. 

Aug. 24, 1786, Baldwin, Samuel and Mary GriflSn. 

Oct, 1800, Baldwin, Geo. W. and Elizabeth Vaughan (d. of 

Nicholas). ;^ 

March, 1801, Baldwin, William A. and Nancy Williams. 
Jan'y, 1826, Baldwin, St. Clair and Sarah Filler. 
July 1, 1811, Ball, Gham end Jane Morris. 
Dec. 21, 1807, Bannister, Theodoric B. and Seigniora Tabb (d. of 

John and Frances). 
Dec., 1801, Bannister, Tinsley and Milley Shore. 
Aug., 1821, Bard, William A. and Everetta Stringer. 
Aug. 2, 1787, Barding, William and Oney X Wingo. 
Sept. 2, 1788, Barding^ Nicholas and Martha Dennis. 
Feb., 1814, Barding, Davis and Bachel Barding. 
May, 1815, Barding, John and Kate Sadler. 
April, 1820, Barding, Thos. and Mary H. Morris. 
Nov., 1803, Barker, Bobt. T. and Martha Ann Waltiiall. 
Aug. 22, 1761, Barnes, Francis and Elizabeth Mayes. 
Jan'y 28, 1788, Barnes, James and Molly Knight. 
April, 1812, Barnes, William and Mary Vaden. 
May, 1815, Barksdale, William I. and Marianna E. Tabb. 
1787, Barton, William and Lucy Hazelgrove (perhaps Burton). 
Jan., 1809, Barton, Judith and Moseley Blockman. 
Dec. 18, 1787, Boscoe, Robt. and Mary Crenshaw. 
Oct., 1792, Badkerville, Samuel and Statira Booker. 
May 26, 1790, Bass, William and Mary Hudson. 
Aug. 25, 1791, Bass, Edward and Mary Jones. 
Nov., 1796^ Bass, Peter and Elizabeth Mary Ann Jones. 
May, 1815, Baas, W. C, and Judith Hudson. 
Dec. 4, 1786, Bates, Abner and Susan Drinkwater. Joa. Williams. 
May 1, 1776, Batte, Eidiard and Mary Wills, (d. of Laurence). 
May, 1822, Baugh, Joseph and Mary Caudle. 
Aug., 1815, Baugh, Bartlett and Elizabeth Dyer. 
Dec., 1822; Baughan, William and Susan Ennis. 
Jan. 3, 1791, Bauman X William and Betsy Jolley. 
Nov. 24, 1781, Beasley Eobert and Ann Winfree. Bobt. Winfree. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 269 

1802^ Beasley, Stephen and Bebecca Jonoe (Sister of Daniel). 
Nov., 1806, Beasley, Wm. and Patsy McCarr. 

Nov., 1806, Beavely, Wm. and Patsy McCarr. 
Jan., 1762, Bedel, John and Bboda Morris, (4 of Moees and 

July 5, 1779^ Belcher, Jacob and Martha Mann. J. Beldier. 
Aug. 14, 1782, Belcher, George and Sally Powell, (d. of Qoorge). 
Dec. 22, 1785, Belcher, William and Elizabeth Diar. Thos. Grant 

Jan. 3, 1787, Belcher, Richard and Wsley Hastins. 
April, 1793, Belcher, Thomas and Joannah Berry. 
Sept., 1800, Belcher, John and Sally Woreham. 
Feb., 1795, Belcher, Bins and Sarah Webster. 
May, 1805, Belcher, Isaac and Tabitha Webster. 
March, 1804, Belcher, Joel and Jenny Carpenter. 
Jan., 1805, Belcher, littyberry and Kate Boach. 
May, 1810, Belcher, Isaac and Lucy Chandler. 
May, 1827, Belcher, William and Elizabeth Henley. 
April, 1796, Bell, John and Drusilla Hill. William Ford. 
May, 1790, Bell, Claiborne and Sally Hutcherwn (d. of Charles). 
Nov., 1799, Bell, Thos. and Sally Eobertson (d. of James). 
Sept., 1800, Bell, Betsy and Henry JoUey. 
Oct., 1808, Bell, David and Elizabeth Poster. 
Feb., 1811, Bell, Joel and Asenaih Morris. 
March, 1813, Bell, George and Nancy Barding. 
Jan., 1817, Bell, Luke and Mary Tow. 
Jan., 1817, Bell, Joel and Fanny Worsham. 
Dec., 1818, Bell, James and Mason Wingoe. 
Oct., 1826, Bell, Boyle and Elizabeth Morris. 17, 1784, Bennett, Milner and Ann Hester Walton. Simeon 

Nov. 27, 1784, Bennett, James and Rebecca Harper (d. of Wil- 
May 30, 1786, Bennett, Milner and Mary Baes (d. of John). 
Sept., 1802, Bennett, Thos. and Francis Johnson. 
Dec, 1760, Bentley, John and Judith Cobbs. 

Digitized by 


260 William and Mary Quabtbrly. 

May 14, 1782, Bentley, William and Jiidith Archer. 
Aug., 1801, Berry, Thomafi and Lucy Berry. 
Feb., 1821, Berry^ Edward and Elizabeth Jacfceon. 
^ Feb., 1816, Benford, Thomas and Bebecca Mann. 
vApril, 1806, Benford, Thomafl and Mary B. OoufiiiiB. 
March 16, 1786, Bevill, Sam> & Eliza'' Inge. Milton Boacli. 
May 12, 1786, Bevill, Joe. & Eliza'' WalthalL 
Sep., 1793, Bevill, Joel & Sarah Talbot Coleman. 
June, 1797, Bevill, Claiborne & Ann Tally. 
Oct., 1803, Bevill, Bobert & Susan Neal. 
Aug., 1803, Bevill, Archer & Polly Webster. 
Nov., 1804, Bevill, Woodley & Judith Bracket. 
Nov., 1806, Bevill, Jarrett & Martha Clayw 
Dec., 1808, Bevill, W" & Eliz** Coleman. 
April, 1812, Bevill, William & Mary Vaden. 
May, 1819, Bevill, Joseph & Sally W. Thompson. 
May 12, 1762, Bibb, W" & Hannah Booker. James Clarke. 
May 4, 1762. Bigger, John Jr. (S : of John) & Martha Booker. 
Jany. 10, 1787, Bigger, Joseph & Eliz** Macon. 
Feb., 1796, Bins, Welcher & Sarah Webster. 
Jany., 1809, Blackman, Moseley & Judith Barton. 
July 30, 1788, Blakeley, William & Nancy Zaehary. 
Oct. 22, 1761, Bland, Peter & Judith Booker. Sam' Tarry, 
May 7, 1786, Bland, Edw* & Lettice Jones. 
Sept., 1814, Bland, John & Mary B. Perkinson. 
May, 1799, Blankingship, John & Nancy Madra. 
Jany., 1824, Blankingship, James & Mary Bobertson. 
July, 1825, Blankingship, Robert & Caroline PinMnton. 
Nov., 1828, Blankingship, Edw* & S. Hilleman. 
April, 1824, Blanton, W" & Martha E. ligon. 
Oct., 1827, Blanton, Eeuben & Ann. J. E. Ligon. 
Sept., 1830, Blanton, Willis & Eliza A. Jeter. 
Dec., 1801, Bolefi, W" & Phebe Booth. 
Aug., 1807, Boling, Bamett & Jane Williams. 
April 8, 1768, Boiling, Bobt. (of Dinwiddie) & Majy Marshall 

Dec. 16, 1779, Boiling, Bobt. & Clara Bland. 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quabtsbly. 261 

Dec. 24, 1782, Boiling, Alex & Mary Pryor (d. of John). 

Feb. 16, 1786, Boiling, Thoe. Tabb & Seigniora Peyton (d. of J. 

Sept. 30, 1761, Booker, EdV* & Mary Bentley. Jas. Bentley. 
June 23, 1763, Booker, Bich* & Martha Boberteon. Thos Gray. 
Dec. 4, 1764, Booker, John & Susan Pride (d. of John). Frank 

May 14, 1768, Booker, W" (son of W«) & Edith Booker (d. of 

George). Thos. Tabb gave consent. 
Jan'y 28, 1781, Booker, Edmond & Mary Pride. James Hill. 
Feb. 25, 1783, Booker, Eflford & Mary Hudwn. 
Aug. 18, 1783, Booker, Edward & Mary H. Clement (d. of 

Oct. 27, 1783, Booker, Edward & Edith Cobbs Anderson. 
Dec. 25, 1784, Booker, Samuel & Martha Munford (d. of James). 
Dec. 27, 1784, Booker, Rich* & Eachel Jones. J. E. Booker. 
Feb. 22, 1787, Booker, Pinkamin Davis & Martha B. Pride. 

Davis & Geo: Booker. 
Feb., 1796, Booker, Bichard & Sarah Cobbe. 
Sept., 1800, Booker, Davis & Sarah Booker. 
May, 1800, Booker, Parham & Eliz«» Overton. 
Jan'y, 1799, Booker, Daniel & Mary Winston. 
Dec., 1812, Booker, W" M. & SaJly G. Bknkenship. 
Dec., 1815, Booker, Richardson & Ann Booker. 
Oct., 1816, Booker, J. T. & Lucy Wingoe. 
Dec., 1821, Booker, W" M. & Oarie Patin hutcherson. 
Dec., 1823, Booker, Rich* D. & Nancy Jane Ford. 
March, 1826, Booker, W" M. & Mary Crittenden. 
Sept., 1826, Booker, Isham C. & Eliz»» E. Jeter. 
Jany., 1768, Booth, W™ & Eliz* Johns. 
Feb. 25, 1784, Booth, Chaa. & Ann Stratton. 
Oct., 1795, Booth, John & Ann Ford. 
Dec., 1817, Booth, W» H. & Lucy T. Bott. 
Oct, 1765, Borum, Edmond & Edith Seay. (d. of Jacob). 
Sept. 25, 1788, Borum, Benj : & Sally Thompson. 
Dec., 1808, Borum, James & Eliz** Harper. 
April, I8I65 Borum, Archibald & Nancy Daniel. 

Digitized by 


262 William and Mary Quabterly. 

Nov. 24, 1757, Bott, MUes & Sarah Neal. 

Oct. 24, 1780, Bottom, Miles (s. of Thoe.) & Clary OaUioote (d. 

of Jamofl Clary). 
May, 1824, Bottom, John T. & Amelia E. A. Townee (d. of A. T. 

Aug., 1809, Bowles, Hezekiah & Betsey Robertson. 
Feb., 1816, Bowman, Henry & Polly Seay. 
Feb, 1796, Bourg, W" & Eliz'' Drake. 
Dee., 1792, Boyd, Francis & Ann Worsham. 
Jan'y 17, 1783, Brackett, Ludwell & Ann Cox. 
March 24, 1785, Branch, Peter & Judith Jones (d. of John). 
Dec. 4, 1781, Bradbury, William & Susie Webster. 
Nov., 1809, Bradley, Geo. & Sarah Weeden. 
Aug., 1811, Bradley, Joseph & Bebecca Booth. 
Dec., 1784, Bradshww, Jeremiah & Dioey J^r. 
Oct. 11, 1787, Bradshaw, John & Winne Brooks. 
Dec., 1788, Bradehaw, Thos. &i Polly Borum. 
Jan., 1801, Bradshaw, W°» & Tempey Foster. 
Dec. 26, 1783, Bradshaw, W" & Mary Kirkland. 
April, 1808, Bragg, Joseph & Anne Willson. 
Dec., 1807, Bragg, Thoe. & Eliz** Murray. 
Feb. 14, 1793, Brane, John & Frances Coleman. 
July 6, 1764, Branch, Edw* & Lucy Finney. 
Sept. 20, 1764, Branch, W« & Judith Scott. 
March 24, 1785, Branch, Peter & Judith Jones (d. of John). 
Nov. 5, 1787, Branch, Edw* & Martha Bott (d. of Miles). 
Dec. 26, 1787, Branch, Thos. & Nancy Clement (d. of Isham). 
Oct. 28, 1791, Branch, W» & Dicey Callicott (d. of James & 

Dec., 1792, Branch, Thos. & Mary Walker. 
Jan'y, 1801, Branch, Benj : & Sarah Botts. 
June, 1811, Branch, Ever* & Caroline Jones. 
Nov., 1812, Branch, W" & Jane Davifl Booker. 
Oct, 1825, Branch, Thomas & Sarah P. Bead. 
Dec. 24, 1785, Branch, William & Sally Hensley. 
Feb., 1796, Brazendire, Joshua Britain & Eliz* Farris. 
April, 1794, Brewer, John & Geo: Usley Kidd. 

Digitized by 


William and Maby Quakteblt. 263 

Aug.; 1792; BroaddoA; Bicbard & Maria Jeter. 

Nov., 1796, Broadfoot, Charles & Purify B. Willflou, 

June, 1817, Broadmen, Thomas & Mariah Bowler. 

Sept, 1793, Broadiwa, W" & Ann Brooking. Vivion Brooking 

Dec., 1801, Broadnax, Edw* & Frances Brooking. 

June 28, 1787, Broadway, John & Sarah Pollard. 

Sept, 1781, Brogan, Agnes & John Thompeon. 

March 24, 1786, Brook, John ft Sarah Neal. 

Oct., 1787, Brooks, Moses & Eliz* Tucker. 

Aug., 1812, Brou^rton, John & Eliz*» Tucker. 

Aug., 1812, Biowder, David & Mary Coleman. 

July, 1813, Browder, George & Martha Hawks. 

Nov., 1795, Brown, Joseph & Ann Worsham. 

Feb., 1799, Brown, Joseph & Sally Bobertson. 

June, 1799, Brown, Bennett & Mary Boyall. 

June, 1814, Brown, Aubert & Betsy Bevill. 

Jan'y, 1824, Brown, Oebom & Nancy Goodwin. 

April 24, 1782, Bruce, Alex^'^ & Martha Jones. 

Oct 26, 1786, Bruce, Samuel & Agnes Bass. 

Dec. 11, 1788, Bruce, Armistead & Eliz»» Bass (d. of John). 

Nov., 1792, Brumfield, W" & Polly Butler. 

Aug. 25, 1785, Bryan, W" & Ann Hundley. 

1792, Bryan, Bannister & Judith Clement. 

May 22, 1778, Buford, Henry & Mary Mainyard. Tbos. Peachy 

Sept. 29, 1788, Burdon, Nicholas & Martha Dennis. 

Feb., 1806, Burford, Thos. & M. E. CousLds. 

Dec. 27, 1787, Burke, P. & Edith Jackson (d. of "Arter''). 

Nov. 28, 17M, Burg^, W™ & Martha Williamson (d.of Lewelling) 

Sept. 4, 1778, Burke, Charles & Bebeckah Baldwin. 

Dec., 1822, Burks, Samuel & Eliz* Leigh. 

Sept 9, 1781, Burt, Eobert & Eitta Anderson. John Anderson. 

Dec. 3, 1781, Burton, John & Martha Cocke Farley. 

April, 1782, Burton, W« & Mary Ann Ellis. 

1787, Burton, W" & Lucy Hazlegrove. 
Nov. 16, 1788, Burton, W« & Oney Morris (d. of Moses). 
May 14, 1782, Burton, Thos. & Martha Seay. 

1789, Burton, W" & Branch Morris. 

Digitized by 


264 William and Mary Quabteblt. 

July, 1796, Burton, Allen & Sally Goodwin. 
Dec., 1800, Buiton, Samuel & Suaan Morris. 
July, 1807, Burton, W« & Nancy Meador. 
May, 1816, Burton, Peter & Eliz* L. Newman. 
May, 1817, Burton, Samuel & Eliz^ Wingo. 
Oct., 1813, Burwell, Lewis & Sally Green. 
Dec. 6, 1787, Butler, Zack: & Eliza«» Noble. 
Sept »5, 1788, Butler, John & Sara Clardy. 
Jan'y 13, 1798, Butler, Archibald & Nelly Clardy (d. of Benj :). 
Oct. 28, 1791, Butler, Isaac & Eebecca Noble (d. of Joseph) . 
Feb., 1799, Butler, W« & Patsy Eucker. 
July 9, 1782, Butler, W" & Martha Farley. 
Oct., 1829, Butler, John S. & Kate Coleman. 
Sept., 1830, Butler, Cread & P. Sterum. 
{To be continued.) 



{Continued from page 175.) 
March 7th, 1781. 
At a meeting of ye Presid* and Professors of ye College. 
Present J. Madison, Pr. G. Wythe Robert Andrews, Charles 

Resolved that Suits be brought to turn those Tenants out of 
Possession of ye Nottoway Lands who refuse paying ye Rent 
at ye Time ye Agreement was made for leasing them. 

Resolved, tiiat ye Bursar be allowed 3 pr Cent upon all Monies 
received by him for use of ye College. 

At a Meeting of ye Presid* and ProflEeseors of ye College, March 
!•* 1782. 

Resolved that a Degree of Doctor of Civil Law be conferred 
upon Qen' Ohastellux of which the following is a Diploma 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 266 

(290) diploma. 

Praeses et Profeeeores Universitatis seu OoUegii Qulielmi et 
Mariae in Virginia omnibus ad quos praesentes literae pervene- 
rint Salutem. Cum eo gradus academici instituti f uerint, ut viri, 
de Academia^ de republica optime meriti^ seu in nostrae matris 
educati gremio^ seu bonarum artium disciplinis aliunde eruditi, 
istis insignibus ornarentur; sciatis^ quod nos gradu doctoris in 
jure eivili libenter studioseq, ooUato, testamur quanti facimus 
DOMINUM DB CHASTELLUX, e strategis regis christianis- 
simi ft sociis quadragenis Academiae gallicanae ooetibus philoso- 
phicis Philadelphiae Bostoniaeq virum stirpe nobili ortum; Uteris 
interioribus et reconditis imbutum, et quum pacis artibus turn 
belli rebus gestis inclytum; Idbertatum nostratium vindicem, 
inter alios praeclaros aeque fortem a*e felicem insuper operam 
navantem (baud inauspicato preeamur ut mueae bae sedes sibi 
dicatas, aliquandiu armis infestas^ nunc pacatas^ celebrent^ et 
scientiae ibi cultae liberaliter et refloresoentes quasi palladium 
sint, quo ealvo has in regiones tyrannis, ignorantia semper gras- 
sans et maxime suffulta^ nuper exacta^ post hao nee ingruere nee 
irrepere potuerit. Idcirco in solenni convoeatione primo die 
mensis Martis Anno Domini in Millesimo septingentesimo octo- 
gesimo secundo babita, oonspirantibus omnium suff ragiis eundem 
bonorabilem et egregium virum dominum DE CHASTELLUX 
Doctorem in Jure eivili creavimus et eonstituimus ; eumque, vir- 
tute praesentis Diplomatis, singulis juribus, privileges et honor- 
ibus isti grodui qua qua peri;inentibu6 honoris causa frui et gau- 
dc re jussimus. In cujus rei testimonium Sigillum Universitatis 
commune^ quo hac in pari^ utimur, praesentibus apponi fecimus. 
Datum in Domo nostrae convocationis Anno Die et Mense prae- 


At a meeting of the Presid* and Professors of the University on 
the 3* June 1782. present 

James Madison^ President 

George Wythe 

Bobert Andrews » 

Chariee Bellini 

Digitized by 


266 William and Mary Quarterly. 

1. Eeeolved, that the Bursar be authorized to negotiate the 
Billa of Exchange received from the French Army for the de- 
struction of the President's House. 

2. That a House be rented in Town for the use of the Presi- 
dent, and the rent be paid out of the interest of the Money due 
for the above Bills. 


At a Meeting of ye Presid* and Professors on ye 12^* June 1782. 

Besolved, that a Degree of Doctor of Physic be conferred upon 
Doct*" Coste first Physician to ye French Army — of whidi ye 
following is a Diploma. 

Omnibus ad quos praeeentes literae pervenerint Preeses et 
Profeesores Universitatis Gulielmi & Mariae in Virginia — 

Quum in Charta Nostra nobis conceasum & confirmatum f uit, 
ut eos qui se Uteris et suis studiis praecipue omarunt, Gradibus 
Academioi Decoremus, quum volumus in hujusmodi h<»iorem 
talis imprimis evehi vivos, quales nobis, et juventuti Viiginieusi 
ezemplum valde egregium praebeant; Quumque Joannem Fran- 
ciscum Coste, Genevensem saluberrimarum medidnae facultatum 
Parisiensis Alumnum, Valentiensis Doctorem, Voscomii militaris 
et Arcis Caletensis Medicum & regis medidnae Societatibus Lion- 
dinen8i,Ediburgensi,Parissienfii, regii Lotharingorum medicorum 
oollegiis, sodum Honorarium et r^is Sdentiarum artium et 
literarum academiis Nanceiana, Lugdunensi, Divionensi 
et patrioticis Sueciae et Hessiae, Hamburgeneis, Societati- 
bus, ex humana Societati Philadelphiensi Christianiesimi regis 
Ezerdtus in America Archiatrum nobis oommendarunt summi 
artis suae Honoree a celeberrimis universitatibus supradictis in 
eum coUati, nee non insignia quae nobis ipse obtulit doctrinae 
ingeniique sui monumenta : Idcirco in Solenni oonvocatione die 
duodecimo mensis Junii Anno Dom 1782 consp irantibus om- 
nium SuflEragiis eundem Joannem Franciscum Coste Medidnae 
Doctorem renunciavimus et coneftituimue eumque singulis honori- 
bus et Privilegiis ad istum gradum inter nos pertinentibus frui 
et gaudere jussimus. In cujus rei testimonium his Uteris SigiUum 
Universitatis GuUelmi et Mariae apponi curavimus. 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaktebly. 267 

At a Meeting of the Presid^ and Profess'* of the University on 
September the !•' 1782. Present 

James Madison, President 
George Wythe 
Robert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Besolved, that actions be forthwith commenced in the general 
court for recovering the rents due from the tenants of the Notto- 
way Lands. 

Besolved, that written leases be presented to such tenants as are 
by virtue of verbal Contracts, in possession of any tenements for 
the residue of the terms designed by the contracts, to be executed 
bj them. 

Septemiber the !■*, 1782. 

Mem. The Centleman who prosecutes the Suit is desired to 
consider whether the Actions can be maintained upon verbal 

Resolved, that a Letter be written to Mr. Attorney-General to 
retain him as counsel for the College, in case Mr. Bracken shall 
commence any Suit against the Society for arrears of Salary or 
for any other cause. 

At a Meeting of the President and Professors of the University 
on September the 2* 1782. Present 

James Madifion, President 
George Wythe 
Robert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Resolved, that the Plank now in possession of the Steward be 
disposed of to Mr. Saunders, at the rate of a Penny per foot ; 
The Steward to reserve as much as will be necessary for the 
repairs in and about the College. 

Resolved, th*at the two Houses between the College and the 
Bam adjoining the Garden be disposed of by Mr. Saunders. 

Digitized by 


268 William and Mary Quartebly. 

At a Meeting of the President and Professors of the Univeraity 
on Sep'^ 28, 1782. Present 

James Madison, President 
George Wythe 
Eobert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Besolved, that so many of the Negroes not employed about the 
College be sold to defray the Expenoe of repairing the Buildings. 

Resolved, that each Student, on matriculating, pay 10 s. per 
annum for the privilege of the library, one third of it Shall be 
for the use of the Librarian and the other two-thirds laid ont in 
purchasing books for the Library. 

At a Meeting of the President and Professors of the UniverMty 
on October — 1782. Present 

James Madison, President 
George Wythe 
Bobert Andrews 
Ch- Bellini . 

On application made by Mr. Johnson, the following Resolu- 
tion was entered into: 

We the President and Masters of William and Mary College 
do hereby consent to, and approve of, the Sale made by the Exe- 
cutors of Richard Johnson of certain Leases to John Syme the 
younger, bear date the 1st day of Feb'' 1763, retaining however 
the said Johnson's Representative Still bound for the Rent and 
responsable for all Breaches of the Covenants contained in the 
said Leases untill the said Syme shall make new Leases to us, 
or otherwise bind himself by accepting an assignment of the said 
Leases in due form. 

At a Meeting of the President and Professors of the University 
on October the 22*" 1782. Present 
George Wythe 
Robert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quarterly. 269 

Eesolved, that Jacob Rinker of the County of Shenandoah be 
nominated Surveyor of the said County. 

At a Meeting of the President and Prof essore of the UniverBity 
on Nov' 8, 1782. Present 

James Madison^ President 
Bobert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Ordered that where Surveyors have regularly settled with the 
College and have between their last Settlement, viz. in October 
1781, and the 1st. of January, 1782, received Paper money on 
account of their Fees, the Bursar receive the proportion due to 
College in that money, provided it appears that the Surveyors 
have embraced the earliest opportunity of transmitting the said 
money to the Bursar. 

Resolved, That Mr. Tho* Peirce be requested to lease the Col- 
lege Land in the County of Isle of Wight for one year, for as 
many Barrells of Indian Com as he may think the said Lease or 
Leasee to be worth. The Com to be delivered in Smithfield on 
or before the first of January, 1784. 

At a Meeting of the President and Professors of the University 

on . Present 

James Madison, Pres^ 
George Wythe 
Bobert Andrews 
Charles Bellini 

Eesolved, that Mr. Stith, formerly Surveyor of Bedford 
County, be nominated Surveyor of Campbell Cotmly, and Mr. 
Samuel Dedman, formerly Surveyor of York County, be nomi- 
nated Surveyor of Meklenburg County; and that Mr. Wm. Calla- 
way, formerly Deputy under Mr. Stith, be nominated as Surveyor 
of Bedford County. 

2. That a New Leaee of a Lot formerly held by Jesse Peebles 
be granted to Wm. Chambers upon the same terms and for the 
same Lives as those mentioned in Peeble's Lease. 
{To he continued,) 

Digitized by 


270 William and Mary Quabtbrlt. 


{8ee October and JcMuary Numbers for Chilton,) 

Letter* from Mark ChUton to Lieutenant R. H. Chilton, U. S. I>rgs. 
at Fort Gibson. 

July 12, 1843. 

Dear Sira: 

A few dajB ago I returned from a visit to Ohio and ^^est^-n 
Virginia, to which plaoee I wais about setting out when your letter oi 
the 13th of March, 1843, came to hand. Since reaching h<mie I bATe 
been afflicted with a bad cold which has prevented me from anrwerin^ 
you sooner. Before I proceed to relate to you such parto of our Raxnily 
History which have oome to my knowledge, I must premise that J am 
the youngest child of the youngest son of my grandfather, Thomas 
Chilton. When my father died, who was the last surviving son ci 
my grandfather, I was about three years of age. Consequently, I could 
not have derived any information from my undee, neither haVe I at any 
time had access to the family records, ae they, by the entail law, per- 
tained to the eldest branch of the family. The only information whidk 
I have obtained has been from our Aunt Maty RansdaU, (a lady of 
estimable character) from my mother, and from my sisters, brothers 
and cousin. ; 

Our ancestors, a9 far ae I have understood, came to America at a 
very early period. I think I have been informed a short time subee- 
quent to the Restoration of Charles II. There were three brothers wlio 
emigrated, viz.: Qeorge and Mark who settled in Va'., and Thomas 
who took up his residence in Maryland. | 

Mark Chilton located in Lancaster Co. He afterwards removed to : 

Loudon Co. Some of his descendants are still in Lancaster Co.; some I 

in Loudon Co.; some in Campbell Co.; some in Tennessee; some in. r 

Kentucky and some in Missouri. Indeed, this branch of the family is I 

much scattered through the United States. One of his family, John | 

Thomas Chilton, was a preacher of some ability. His son, Thomas ^' 

Ghilton, was for two terms a Representative in Congress from Ken- I 

tucky. The county of Ripley in this State (Mo.) has been represented i 

in the Legislature for the last two terms by John Chilton, a' descendant ^ 

of Mark Ghilton. I have learned but little respecting the Maryland | 

branch of the family. I have understood that one of that family, \ 

Thomas Chilton, removed to Calcutta, in India, some forty or fif^ I 

years past^ and there acquired an immense estate. j 

*Not much reliance is to be placed on the early part of this narrative, . 

but from TluMnas Chilton, grandfather of the writer, it is probably quite I 

correct I 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaktbrlt. 271 

It is probable that ''Doctor Chilton/' the celebrated chemist of New 
York, may be a descenclant of thie branch. 

€f€orge ChUton, from whom toe descend, settled in Currioman, in 
Westmodreland Go., Va. He was mj great grandfather, and your 
^eat-great-grandfather. He possessed considerable wealth, and was, I 
think, a merchant. In the early ages of the Colony of Va. mercantile 
traneacUoi^were generally carried on at points and landings on the 
rivers and CTeeks. Currioman is on the Potomac river, and I recollect 
having seen an ancient brick building called ''Store House," which was 
said to have been ccmstructed for my grandfather. There wald also a 
place on the river called the ehip yard, where several vessels were also 
built for the same person and his eon, my grandfather. 

My greatrgrandfather, Qeorge Chilton, had two sons, John and 
Thomas. John, his elder son, inherited a large estate, a part of which 
wae situated in Stafford Co., Va., on the Potomac river, and, I think, 
was called "Belleview." He wa^ improvident, and dissipated his es- 
tate before his death, leaving his family poor. I have never been in- 
formed what has become of his descendants. Thomas Chilton, my grand- 
father and your great grandfather, resided at Currioman, the seat of 
his father Qeorge Chilton. He married a lady by the name of Jemima 
Cooke, who was said to be a woman of exemplary character. He had 
five sons, viis.: Thomas, William, John, Charles and Stephen, and three 
daughters, viz.: Hannah, Mary and Elizabeth. 

Thomas Chilton, the eldest son, inherited by entail the principal part 
of my grandfather's estate. He married a lady by the name of Pierce, 
but died without heirs. His widow afterwards married a man by the 
name of Templeman. 

William Chilton, your grandfather, married a lady of good family 
near Baltimore, by the name of Orrick. He died a short time before 
the Revolution, leaving three children, viz.: Orrick, Susan and Wil- 
liam, your father. His widow, your grandmother, afterwards married 
Parson Douglas, with whose history I presume you are acquainted. 

Your uncle Orrick Chilton married Felicia Corbin, by whom he had 
two daughters, viz.: Sarah Orrick, who married Steptoe Pickett and 
resides in Alabama, and Felicia Ann, who married Thomas M. Smith, 
and who resides in Missouri. 

Susan Chilton, your great aunt, married Charles Ransdall of Fau- 
quier Co., Va. She died a few years past, leaving at her death two sons, 
Horace atid Murray, and one daughter Agnes, all of whom are now liv- 
Ii^ in Fauquier Co., Va. The two boys are married, and the daughter 
is still single. William Chilton, the youngest child of my uncle, Wil- 
liam Chilton and his wife Susan Orrick, is your father. 

John Chilton, the third son of my grandfather, Thomas Chilton, 
married Letitia' Blackwdl, a sister to my mother. He commanded a 

Digitized by 


272 William and Mary Quarterly. 

company in the Third Virginia Begiment in the War of the Revolutioii, 
and was killed at the Battle of Brandywine. Marshall makes lionor- 
able mention of him in his Life of Washington. "He stood lii^^li for 
.bravery and int^^ity of chatacter, and was beloved and lamented bj 
his oomrades-in-arms and his aoquaintances generally." He left three 
sons and two daughters, viz.: Thomaa, Joseph, George, Lucy and li^&nc^. 

Thomas Chilton married Ja;ne Corbin, sister of Orrick Chilton's ^wrifBi. 
He died in Kanawha, without heirs. His widow is still living in tliAt 
county, and is highly esteemed. 

Joseph Chilton married Ann Smith, a daughter of Capt. Thomato 
Smith of Fauquier Co. He died about two years past, 1841, lesLvin^ 
two sons and four daughters, viz.: Joseph Orrick Chilton, John Au^^us- 

tine Chilton; Elizabeth, who married Spilman; Juliet, who m&r- 

ried Isham Keith; Ann, who married Johnston, and Lucy. Tlie 

two sons and one daughter are still unmarried. 

Qeorge Chilton married a Miss Ball of Fauquier Co., Va. He moved 
to Henry Clay Co., Kentucky, many years past, and has a' numeroixs 
family. I am but little acquainted with his family, but have under- 
stood they are all respectable, particularly his second eon, Charles TL 

Lucy Chilton married John Ransdall of Fauquier Co., and removed to 
Henry Clay, Kentucky. She had a numerous family of whom I know 1 

little, but hear they are all respectable. 

Nancy Chilton married Augufttine Smith of Fauquier Co. She has ' 

five sons and one daughter, all respectable. 

Charles Chilton, my father, married Elizabeth Blackwell. He left 
five sons atid one daughter, viz.: John, Samuel, Elizabeth, Stephen, 
Blackwell and Mark Anthony. 

John Chilton married the widow of Orrick Chilton, and died without 
issue. Samuel Chilton married Lucinda Blackwell. He was a physi- 
cian of good standing, and died in Kanawha' Co., leaving five daughters 
and one son, viz.: Eliza, Emma, Ann, Litticia, Frances and Charles P. 
Chilton. Eliza and Emma are dead. Charles P. Chilton resides on the 
Rappahannock river in Cupeper Co., Va., and married a Miss Rixey. 
Ann and Litticia are married, Frances is still single. 

My sister Elizabeth never married. She died in Fauquier Co. about 
eight years past. Stephen Chilton married Susan Turner, daughter of 
Capt. Hezihiale Turner of Frederick Co., Va. He is still alive, and has 
six sons and two daughters, viz.: Henrietta, Samuel (who is the pres- 
ent member-elect to Congress from Loudon District, Va), Thomaa, 
Hezihiale, Henry, Mariah, Charles (a young lawyer of some prwniss 
residing in Broomville, Mo.) and Joseph Warren. He and all his chil- 
dren, accept Samuel and Hezihiale, who are married, reside in AQssouri. 
The other children a;re single. Blackwell Chilton married a widow 

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William and Maby Quabterly. 273 

Gibson, who was a Miss Beale. He had four children, viz. : Joseph, Wil- 
liam, Edward, George and Eliza. He resides in Kenawha Co., Va. His 
children are all young and unmarried. I, Mark Anthony, matried 
Elouise Blackwell, daughter of General John Blaokwell of Fauquier 
Ck>., Va. My wife died about eight years past, and left me five sons and 
one daughter, viz.: John James, Edward, Van Tromp, Mary Emma, 
David and Francis William. My two eldest, John James and Edward, 
are married. My other children are single. 

Stephen Chilton, the youngest son of my grandfather, Thomas Chilton, 
was a sailor, alid commanded a merchant vessel in the British trade. 
He died of smallpox in the city of London, and was never married. 
My aunt Jemima Sturman left a son and two daughters, viz.: Elliott, 
Mary, and a daughter whose name I do not know. She married a Muse. 
Elliott Sturman left two sons: Foxhall, who is dead, and William Z. 
Sturman, who was principally educated by the boimty of your father, 
and is now a lawyer of some celebrity, and a man of estimable stand- 
ing in society. He resides in Westmoreland county, Va. Mary Sturman 
married William H. Parker of Westmoreland Co., Va., and was the 
mother of the late Judge Richa^rd O. Parker and of Capt Foxhall 
Parker of the V. S. Navy, and of Williatai Chilton Parker, a lawyer of 
good standing in Petersburg, Va., and of John and/ Juliette Parker. 
The latter married Fauntleroy Dangerfield, of FredericK Co., Va. 

My aunt, Mary Chilton, married William Ransdall of Westmoreland 
Co., Va., and nooved to Fauquier, where she died. She had six sons and 
three daughters, viz.: Thomas, William, Wharton, Chilton (who mar- 
ried your Aunt Susan), Stephen, Elizabeth, Mary and Ursxda. They 
were all very respectable with the exception of Stephen and Ursula. 

Elizabeth, the youngest daughter of my grandfather, died young, 
without ma;rrying. 

I fear the minute details I have given you respecting the genealogy 
of our family will be anything but interesting, but I did not see how I 
could otherwise answer your inquiries. From all the information I 
have gathered I have no doubt but our ancestors George and Thomas 
ChiltoA were wealthy men. But the English la'ws of descent concen- 
trated the greater part of their wealth in the eldest sons, who soon dis- 
sipated it, and left their posterity poor. The principal part of my 
great grandfather's estate went by entail to his eldest son John, who 
died worth not one cent. The greater proportion of my grandfather's 
estate was inherited by his eldest son Thomas Chilton. He was a pru- 
dent man, and added to his possessions. At his death the property 
descended by entail to your uncle Orrick Chilton, who was the eldest 
son of your grandfather William Chilton, who wai^ the next in descent, 
but died before his brother Thomas. In addition to this Orrick Chil- 
ton inherited all your grandfather's real estate, and an equal portion of 

Digitized by 


274 William and Mary Quaktbrly. 

personal property, leaving your father a:nd his siater Susan but & small 
pittance. Yet, after having inherited this large estate and 'hm.yring re- 
ceived a considerable amount by his marriage, he died young* ax&d left 
his daughters poor. He, unfortunately, beca:me acquainted with Greneral 
Henry Lee of Stafford Co., who fleeced him of the principal psLrt <tf his 
fortune. Your grandfather, William Chilton, Capt. John and jay f&tfaer, 
Charles Chilton, were previous to the commencement of the Bevolutioii 
extensively engaged, jointly, in mercantile pursuits. They imported 
their merchandise direct from London, and were rapidly accumula^ting 
wealth when the Colonies took up arms against the Mother Cotmtay- 
The whole of our family were staunch Whigs, and entered with w&rmtk 
into the contest, consequence of which, as you have read, was the pros- 
tration of the whole Country during the eventful struggle. An exten- 
sive credit was given in those days. I have seen the books of the Con- 
cern which exhibited a considerable amount of outstanding debts a^^ainst 
persons who were once solvent, many of whom had died in the axmy, 
many had become insolvent, and many had removed no one knows 
where. These causes and others growing out of the same contest had 
a tendency to reduce our family from affluence to its present condi- 
tion. But, though we have lost wealth, I am proud to believe we still 
retain that which is fair more valuable: patriotism, honesty, justice, 
mercy and courage sufficient never to give an insult nor tamely to sub- 
mit to one. There is no blot in the lines of our ancestry, so far as I 
have understood, which could bring a blush of shame to our descendazKtSy 
and we should endeavor to conduct ourselves in such a maikiner as to be 
entitled to say with the old song: 

"The dying bequeath to their sons a good name. 
Which descended unsullied to me; 
For my sons 111 maintain it unsullied by shame. 
And it still from a spot shall be free." 

I recollect having seen a seal which I was told bore the impress of 
the Arms of our faiknily. It represented one or two inverted rafters, 
and I think was denominated Chevron. I do not know what has become 
of it, but am impressed with the idea that I once saw it in the posses- 
sion of your father. I have paid but little attention to the science of 
heraldry, and am, therefore, unable to inform you whether it pertains 
to the elder or younger branch of the family. It was said to be an hon- 
orable Coat-of-Arms. 

And now, sir, I think I have answered youf inquiries to the beet oi 
my ability. Should I have overlooked anything upon which you may 
wish informati(m, I will, at any time, afford it to you with pleasure, if 
within my power, and I can assure you that it will at all times give ms 

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William and Mary Quabtbrly. 


great Batiafaction to hear of your prosperity in this life, and when- 
ever your country shall need your services I have no fear but that you 
will do your duty. Yours truly, 

M. A. Chilton. 




Prom the appraifial of his estate in Prince William County, 
Virginia, May 25, 1740, reported by Captain Benjamin Grayson. 

"A Catalogue of Books belonging to the estate of Mr. William 
Dunlop, dee'd. 

English Polio. 

Bapin's History of England, 12 Vol. 2 

Tilotson's Sermons, let Vol. 1 
Littleton's Dictionary. 


Plutarch Lives, 8 Vol. 1 12 

Life of Paihagoras. 4. 

The Gardner's Dictionary, 2 Vol. 10. 

M. Dacier, Life of Plato. 4. 

Derliam's Astro. Theology. 3. 

Cheselden's Anatomy. 4. 

Crouches Book of Bates, 2 Vol. 9 

Dart's Tibullus. 3 

History of Y« Civil Wars in Ireland. 2. 

Clark's Sermons, 17 on Particular Occasions. 4. 

Newton of Daniel. 3 

Clark of the Trinity. 4 

Scotland Interest Considered. 4 

S^ William Temple's Memoirs. 2. 

Thompson's Works, 2 Vol. 11 

Creeches Lucretius, 2 Vol. 8 

Pamell's Poems. 4 

Poems on Several Occasions. 3. 6 

Broome's Poems. 3. 6 

Lanedown's Poems, 3 Vol. 7. 6 

Pope's Odysey, 5 Vol. 12 





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William and Mary Quabteuly. 


Gray^s Poems, 2 Vol. 

Horace Art of Poetry. 

Whig Examiner, 2 Vol. 

Burnetts TraveU Switzerland, etc. 

Collection of Plays, 2 Vol. 


Terence De Dacier, 3 D°. 
Thucydiede de Allance, 3 B^. 
Pences Pascue. 

Boyle Atmospheris. 

English Folio. 
Temple's Works, 2 Vol. 


Lowthrop's Philosophical Trans., 3 Vol. 
Beligion of Nature Delineated 


Clark's Sermons, 7 Vol. 

Clark's Paraphrais, 2 Vol. 

Milton's Paradise Lost 

Ditto Begained. 

Young's Works, 2 VoL 

Shaft's Characteristics, 3 VoL (Shaftesbury) 

Congreve's Plays, 3 Vol. 

Adison's Miscellanies. 

Bumef 8 History, 3 Vol. 

Spectators, 8 Vol. 

Guardians, 2 Vol. 

Lauderdale Virgil. 2 

Bowe's Plays. 3 
















13 6 (?) 

1 5 























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William and Maby Quabtbblt. 


Pope's and Swift's Misoelanics. 3 


Homer's Iliards. 6 


Pope's Works, 6 Vol. 


Cowley's Works, 3 VoL, 


Gordon's Tacitus. 4 

1 10 

Bobanlf s Physick. 2 


Baiter's (Atlas?) 4 


Cooke'e Heseod. 


Newton's Opticks. 


Xenophon's Cyropedia. 


Enquiry Life of Homer. 


Collier's Antonious. 



Howe's lives. 






Dryden's Juvenal. 


Stanhope's Epictitus. 


Durham of Attributes. 


Campbell Inquiry. 


Savage Collections. 



Keil's Astronomy. 

• 6 

Eaye's Wisdom. 


Fable of the Bees. 


life of Socrates. 



Rapines on Oureous 


Cyrus Travells. 


Mercer's Abridgment. 





Prior's Poems, 2 Vol. 


Modems Poems. (Modem?) 



Tull/s 2 Essays. 





Howe's Sallust. 




Waller's Poems. 






Creech on Pastorall Theocritus. 



The Banquet of Xenophon. 



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Horas Oadee and Satires, 

vid's Art of Lw 

re. 2. 

6 ; 

Fhilosophical Enquiry of Human liberty. 


6 . ; 



Rollin Historic Andenne, 

13 VoL 


Horace de Dacier. 


1 10 

Windowne'fl Anatonia. 



Windowne's Aoatonie. 



Abbadie Verite de Religion. 



Da Riers IdTes. 


1 4 

Oeuvras de Molier. 



Gil Bias. 



Historie de Maltrie. 




Boilea's Works. 



Gambray Ouvrus. 


Trag. de P. Comeille. 



Coment. de Cesar. 




Anacreon de Dacier. 



Chi. 12 Bex de Sweedin. 


La Flenryade. 


Anatomie de Plunter. 



Tacite de Poem Epicue, 2 Vol. 



Onves de Bacin 


Ditton on tiie Besurrection. 


Butler's Sermons. 


Hutchinson's Works, 2 Vol. 



Universal Beauty, 6 parts. 


Prince Eugene's life. 


Foster's Sermons. 


Christianily near as old as y* 




Essay on Free Will. 




The inventory of Mr. Donlop'B personal estate shows that he 
had in his home pictures or portraits of "S' William Temple, L« 

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William and Mary Quabtbrly. 279 

Shaftfebury, Duke of Buckinghain, L^ Ckxtolphin, L* Oxford, 
Bolingbroke, L* King, Milton, Gay, Eowe & M'. Howard in 
frames and glasses with gold edges/' There were also 5 maps 
& 6 pictures without frames. 


At Dumfries in Prince William County is his tombstone with 
the following inscription : Here lyes | William Dunlop | mer- 
chant I Son to I Alexander Dunlop, | Greek Professor in | the 
University of | Glasgow who dyed j Dec the 21, 1739 | Aged 
32 years. | See Quarterly IX., 241. 


G£0RGB Walton^ signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
appears to have been the son of Bobert Walton, of Cumberland 
county, Virginia. The following is the abstract of a power of 
attorney recorded in Prince Edward county: 'T^ereas Bobert 
Walton, late of the coimty of Cumberland, in the colony and 
dominion of Virginia, gentleman, deceased, by his will recorded 
at Cumberland aforesaid, in 1749, nominated George Walton, 
the elder, now of Prince Edward county, and Tucker Woodson, 
now of Goochland county, Virginia, executors of his will. By 
said will he gave lands to his sons and daughter : John Walton, 
Bobert Walton, Sarah Walton, since married to Thomas Wat- 
kins, and George Walton, Jun., of Savannah, Georgia. George 
Walton<, the younger, desiring partition and, Bobert Walton, of 
Charlotte county, one of the legatees, having undertaken to ef- 
fect it, the deed empowers him to act. Acknowledged before 
Joseph Pearson, late of Charlotte county, now on the river of 
Savannah, Georgia, May 1, 1772.*' 

In 1765, John Walton, another of the sons of Bobert Wal- 
ton, was living in North Carolina, and conveyed to Sanboum 
Woodson the land given him by his father Bobert. He after- 
wards removed to Georgia, where he was a member of the 
Georgia Convention in 1775. 

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280 William and Maby Quaetebly. 

Robert Walton was probably from New Kent county, where 
we find at an early date Edward, Qeorge and Eobert Walt<Hi. It 
is not easy to say which of them was his father. As a good many 
Quakers sought safety in Virginia from persecution, this family 
• may have originated with Gteorge Walton, of Piscataqua, Maine, 
who, with hie wife Alice and daughter Abishay, were "convinced 
of the truth'' about 1660. 

George Walton, of New Kent, married Sarah Eoper and had 
issue: (1) Mary, baptized October 23> 1711; (2) Ann, baptized 
September 13, 1713; (3) Jane, bom 1715; (4) Sarah, bom 
March 8, 1718; (5) Jacob, bom March 22, 1722. 

George Walton was one of the first magistrates of Bnms- 
wick county in 1732. He died in 1767 leaving issue: John, 
Mary Ledbetter, Catherine Harris, and Isaac Bow Walton. 

Seaweld— (Quaktekly, VII., 194; VIII., 54, 135).— Baija- 
min Seawell, who was probably a son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Seawell, of Gloucester county, lived in Brunswick county. He 
married Lucy Hicks, and the will of his mother-in-law, Sarah 
Hicks, dated March 19, 1769, proved in Brunswick county, April 
23, 1770, names her daughter, Lucy Seawell, son-in-law, Benja- 
min Seawell, and grandsons, Benjamin, Jr., and Joseph. Ben- 
jamin Seawell, Jr., was one of the executors. Among the mar- 
riage bonds at Lawrenceville, Brunswick county, are the follow- 
ing: January 1, 1773, Green Hill (treasurer of North Carolina 
during the American Bevolution) and Mary Seawell, of St. An- 
drew's Parish, Brunswick county; security, Benjamin Seawell. 
June 16, 1772, Seth Mabry and Elizabeth Seawell; security, 
Benjamin Seawell, and letter from Joshua Mabry giving con- 
sent. It is very clear that Mary and Elizabeth Seawell were two 
other children of Benjamin Seawell. They were sisters of 
Sarah Seawell, who married Dr. John King. In 1745 John 
King deeded lands in Brunswick to Thomas Hardaway formerly 
belonging to John King, father of said John and of David 
King. In 1744 James Hicks deeded land to Benjamin Seawell 
in Brunswick. 

MiNOE. — James* Minge wa«s clerk of the General Assembly 
in 1673, and in 1676 was a friend of Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. He 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaktebly. 281 

resided in Martin Brandon Parish, Charles City county (after- 
wards Prince Gteorge connty). In 1693 James" Minge, probably 
8on of the first named, was clerk of James City county. In 
1693 a deed recorded in York county names the following chil- 
dren of Eobert Harrison, gent., of York county: "Nicholas, 
Bobert, James, Amadea, wife of James Minge, of Charles City 
county, gent., and Prances, wife of Thomas Shands.^' In 1712 
deeds were recorded in Surry ooimty from James' Minge, "eldest 
son of James Minge, deceased.^^ This James Minge must have 
been the third in descent. He probably moved to North Caro- 
lina, as in 1722 James Minge, of North Carolina, appointed 
Captain Edward Wyatt, of Prince Qoorge coimty, Virginia, as 
his attorney in fact. Valentine' Minge is mentioned in 1716 as 
a son of James Minge, deceased. A deed recorded in Surry 
county and dated March 18, 1741, from Jdim* and George Minge 
to Benjamin Harrison is for land given to them by their father, 
Valentine* Minge, who made hie will March 18, 1719. John* 
Minge lived at Weyanoke, in Charles City county, and his 
widow, Elizabeth, qualified on his estate in 1746 (Charles City 
Eecords). He left among other children, it is believed, John* 
Minge, Jr., who was one of the justices of Charles City county 
as early as 1737. He married Rebecca (Jones?), administrator 
of Thomas Collier, deceaeed, and had David^ Minge, eldest son. 
(See Ist Cairs Reports, Harrison vs. Harrison,) David Minge 
married Christiana Shields, daughter of Jam« Shields, of York 
county. (QuABTEKLY v., 117.) He was a man of large estate. 
His will, dated 16 May, 1779, was proved November 7, 1781, 
and names issue: (1) John^ eldest son, under age; (2) George 
Hunt Minge, to whom was given the plantation called *^The 
Row,*' all his North Carolina land and stocks of every kind 
thereon, with 50 negro slaves; (3) Rebecca Jones, who married 
John Dandridge; (4) Ann Shields, who never married (will 
proved in Charles City county in 1800) ; (5) Judith Bray, 
named in a codicil, as bom since the making of his will. She 
married Edmund Christian, of Charles City county. To his 
wife, Christiana, he left for life, and afterwards to son John, 
all his lands in Weyanoke, including Kittiwan, Harvey's, Miles', 

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282 William and Mary Quarterly. 

Collier's^ and other lands adjoining, with 20 negro slayes, his 
chariot and four horses, and drivers Billy and Charles. She 
married, secondly. Collier Harrison, eldest son of Robert Har- 
rison (uncle of William Henry Harrison, Presidei^ of the 
United States), by whom she had Elizabeth Collier Harriaon. 
John^ Minge, son of David, married Sarah Harrison, sister of the 
President, and had issue: (1) Dr. John* (a warm friend of 
President Tyler), who married Mary Adams; (2) B^ijamin 
married Jane Atkinson; (3) Collier Harrison married in: 1827 
Anna Maria Ladd, of Charles City counly; (4) George married 
Mary, daughter of Benjamin C. Harrison; (5) Eliza married 
Hugh Nelson, of Petersburg; (6) Ann married David Dnnlop, 
of Petersburg; (7) David married Eleanor Adalns. (Williaic 
AND Mary Quarterly III., 159.) George William Hunt Minge 
lived in Charles City county and made his will in 1808. He 
married Francis Dandridge, and names his sister (probably sister- 
in-law), Mary Willieon, wife of John WiUison, and his children, 
Mary, David and George. 

^Edlob, Matthew*, burgess for the College Plantation in 
1629, died before 1637. He married Alice, widow of Luke Boys, 
who died before 1635. He had issue : 2 Matthew,^ Lt. Colonel, 
who was burgess iot James City ooimty, 1658, and died in 1670. 
He married twice and had issue: 3 John* by a first marriage, 
and 4 Tabitha by a second with Tabitha, supposed to be a Minge. 
The latter married Col. Thomas Bowler, of Rappahannock. 
John* Edloe, bom about 1661, married before 1682 Rebecca 
Huberd, daughter of Matthew Huberd, of York (Quarterly 
VI., 29), and in 1699 he married Martha Hatcher, of Henrico 
county, a widow, and probably a daughter of Henry Lund, whose 
will was proved in 1708. Issue of 3 John* Edloe: probably 

5 Philip, who made his will in 1726, leaving two daughters, one 
of whom married William Clinch, of Surry county, and left 
son, Philip Clinch. (Hening, Statutes at Large VI., 297.) 

6 Henry^ Edloe, living in 1734, married Rebecca Browne, 
daughter of Henry Browne, of Surry, son of Col. William 
Browne, of ^Tour Mile Tree.^* Issue of 6 Henry* Edloe and 
Rebecca Browne (Va. Mag. V., 97) : 8 Philip, whose will was 

Digitized by 


William and Mary Quaktbrly. 283 

presented in Charles City Court in 1750, by Benjamin Dancy, 
one of the executors, with John Minge and John Edloe securi- 
ties; » William; 10 Jane; 11 Bebecca; 12 Mary; 13 Henry', 
who died in Charles City county about 1750, leaving orphans 
John, Mary, Bebeoca; 14 John', who married Martha Hunt, 
daughter of William Hunt, of Charles City county, who died 
in 1714 (deed in Surry). His will was presented in Charles 
City Court in 1749, by John Edloe, executor, and proved by 
Philip Edloe. He was probably father of William Hunt Edloe, 
living in Charles City in 1750. 

John Edloe was a justice in 1745 and 1753, and William Edloe 
in (Charles City County Records.) Their wives were both named 
Anne. (Hening, Statutes VI., 312.) 

John Edloe, bom in 1777, died April 27, 1833, married Ann 
Armistead Allen, daughter of Col. William Allen, of Clare- 
mont. (QuABTBBLY VIII., 113.) He is buried at Claremont. 

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294 Pages Octavo 
Price, $3.00 

The Cradle of the Republic 

yamestown and James HJver 

Prtsident of William and Mary College 

Second Edition, Rew^ritten, Enlarged and 
Copiously Illustrated 

Sent to any place in the United States free of postaffe 


]. New Foundland and Roanoke. II. Col- 
onies of the London and Plymouth Companies. 
III. The Indians along James River. IV. The 
Island of Jamestown. V. The English at 
Jamestown. VI. The Fort. VH. The Church. 
VIIL The Block House. IX. The Glass House. 
X. The Governor's House. XI. The State 
House. XII. Social Conditions. XIII. Political 
Conditions. XIV. Origin and History of Places 
along James River. 

fl, c>4 detailed history of Jamestown Island and accounts 
gf the origin gf the other James River settlements — 
Hampton, Newport News, Martin's Hundred, Brandon, 
^Vestove^, Shirley, Curls, C&c. 7S^ beginnings of Eng- 
lish civilization upon the c>^mencan continent. 

cylddress LYON G. TYLER, 

Williamsburg, Va. 



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3 2044 097 93o""53l" 

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